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Full text of "Records relating to the early history of Boston .."

A REPORT 



Record Commissioners 



/ 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



CONTAINING THE 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS, 1758 TO 1769. 





BOSTON: 
ROCKWELL AND CHURCHILL, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 39 ARCH STREET, 
1886. 



[Document 88—1886.] 




CITY OF iii?i BOSTON. 



A REPORT 



RECORD COMMISSIONERS. 



The present, the Sixteenth Report of the Record Commis- 
sioner;?, contains the proceedings of tiie Town of Boston 
from A. D, 1758 through 17Gi). Of the special topics con- 
sidered during that j)eriod in town meetings, we may note 
the fi)llowing : Schools, Inns, Faneuil-Hall Market, the Fire 
of 1760, Inocuhition, Long Wharf, and Beacon Hill. A 
project to estal)iish Hancock's II()s[)ital, and another to pre- 
l)are a list of great benefactors of the town, were approved, 
hut came to naught. The great feature of these meetings 
— one which will make this volume of lasting value — is the 
political action of the town during this exciting period, when 
its representatives were Otis, ('usjiing, Hancock, and Adams. 
The votes of the town were public matters, whose influence 
reached throughout the Colonies. Herein will he seen the 
beginnings of the Revolution, and the steps by which our 
ancestors arrived at political freedom. 

For the Record Connnissioners, 

William H. Whitjioue. 

City Hall, Boston, Dec. 31, 188G. 



BOSTON TOWN RECORDS. 



[VOL. IV. OF THE ORIGINAL BOOKS.] 



[408^.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualify'd and Warned in 
Public Town ]\teeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Monday the 
13'\ day of March AD 1758. 

Prayer was made by the Rev'^. M'. Sam'. Checkley S'. 
Tlie Warrant for calling the Meeting. Read. 
Sundry Laws. Read. 

John Philli[)s Esq"", was chose Moderator of this Meeting and 
took the Oath respecting his paying & receiving liills of Credit of 
the Governments of Connecticut New-Hampshire and Rhode 
Island, as required by the Act of the Province. 

Ezekicl Goldthwait was Chose Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and liaving taken the Oath required by the Act of the Province, 
relating to his paying and receiving Bills of Credit of the other 
Governments, took the Oath of OfBce which were administred by 
John Pliillips Esq^ 

Sundry Petitions. Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of seven Selectmen & the 
Votes brought in & Sorted, it appeared that, 
Samuel Grant Esq'. 
M^ Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq^ 
Joseph Jackson Esq^ 
M^ Thomas Cushiug 
M^ Samuel Ilewes 
M'. John ScoUay 
were unanimously chose, & Samuel Grant Esq'. & M'. Thomas 
Hill desired to be excused; tlie other Gentlemen [409.] Ac- 
cepted and took the Oath required by Law, respecting their- 
receiving and paying Bills of the other Governments. 

The Town brought in their Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor 
and being Sorted, it appear'd that. 

The Hon°. Andrew Oliver Esq'. 
John Phillips Esq'. 
M'. Isaac AValker 
Ebenezer Storer Esq'. 
M'. John Barrett 
M'. John Tudor 
M'. Roynll Tyler 



2 



City Document No. 88. 



Thomas Flucker Esq'. 
■ M^ William Phillips 

James Pitts Esq''. 

M^ Benjamia Dolbeare 

IVP. Isaac Smith, 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensumg. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded Voted that the Choice of 
Assessors Constables and Collectors of Taxes be referr'd till the 
Afternoon, to be taken into Consideration imediately after the 
Choice of a County Treasurer. 

Mess". John Phillips Esq^ 

Joseph Jackson Esq''. 

M". John Scollay 

M^ Royall Tyler 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

John Rowe Esq"". 

Cap'. Newman Greenough 

Cap'. Tiiomas Savage 

Nath'. Wheelwright Esq'. 

M'. Joseph Jackson 

Mr. WiUiam Cooper 

Thomas Flucker Esq^ 
were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

[409|.] The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treas- 
urer and upon viewing them, it appeared that M'. Dav*^. Jeffries 
was unanimously chose to that Office, and having taken the Oath 
relating to his paying and receiving Bills of Credit of the other 
Governments, was also Sworn to the faithful discharge of his Duty 
in that Office. 

Mess". Samuel Austin 

William Gray 

Cornelius Thayer 

Moses Peck 

Samuel Dexter 

Samuel Downe 

John Winslow 

Daniel Barker 

Daniel Boyer 

Thomas l^everett 

Daniel Evcleth 

Sam'. Hewes Jun^ 
were chose Clerks of the Markett for the Year ensuing. 
Mess'''. William Nichols 

Robert Ford 

Isaac White 

William Pain 

WiUiam Welsh 

Obadiah Lowe 

John Grant 

Moses Eayres 

Clement Collins 

Andi'ew Symmes Sworn 



- Sworn 



Sworn 

Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 
Sworn 



Boston Town Records, 1758. 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

Thomas Bailey Sworn 

were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Natlianiel Gardner 

Joseph Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

[410,] M'. John (iray 
was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Obadiah Low Sworn 

Nath'. Wales 

Onesiphorus Tilestone 

Thomas Crafts 

Samuel Simpson Sworn 

Caleb Ray 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

M'. Joseph Curtis 
was chose Hay ward for the Year ensuing. Sworn. 
Mess". David Cutler 

]\Iartin Gay 
were chose Assaymasters for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Joseph Clarke Sworn 

Thomas Ilase Excus'd 

John Child Sworn 

James Downing Sworn 

Josiah Carter Sworn 

John Shepard Sworn 

Henry Rhodes 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
. Mess". Nath'. Bird 

Samuel Smith 

Thomas Foot 

Philip Cooke 
were choose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Belcher Noyes 

Benj". Hammett 

Thomas Walley 

John Leverett 

James Richardson 

Isaac Savage 

Samuel Phillips 

John Forsyth , 

Daniel Coney 

Clirist". Prince 

Benj". Harrod 

Edward HoUiday 
were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 

[410|.] M^ Issac Dupee 
was choose Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ens'. 
Mess". Samuel Treat 

Joseph Dyer 

David Spear 

Robert Treat 



i City Document No. 88. 

John Hobbs Sv\rorn 

Jon*. Gary 
Edward Potter 
Benjamin Ballard Sworn 
Benjamin Barnard 
John Hoskius 
was chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

Thomas Greene Jose|)h Jackson Esq". & M^ John ScoUay were 
chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, & they are desired 
and impower'd to give all needful directions to the Keeper of the 
Grainary respecting the Quantities of Grain to be Sold and Setting 
the Price thereof from time to time as occasion may require. 

The Hon". Andrew Oliver Ksq''. who was this day chose one of 
the Overseers of the Poor, informed the Town that his Affairs and 
Buisuess will be such the ensuing Year, that he cannot faithfully 
discharge his Duty in that Office, and therefore prays the Town 
will excuse him. 

Voted that said And"'. Oliver P^sq''. be excus'd according^. 

Upon a Motion made & Seconded, it was unanimously Voted 
that the Tlianks of the Town be and hereby is given to the Hon". 
Andrew Oliver Esq', for the many good Services he has done the 
Town as an Overseer of the Poor for about Seventeen Years past. 

Samuel Grant Esq^ & M'. Thomas Hill who were this day chose 
Selectmen, informed the Town that they had Serv'd in that Office 
for several Years past, that tlieir Buisuess was now such that they 
could not serve [411.] any longer, and pra3-'d to be excused. 
Voted that said Gent", lie Excus'd accordingly. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to Samuel Grant Esq'. & M'. Thomas Hill for the long 
and faithful Services they have done the Town in Serving as 
Selectmen for many Years i)ast. 

Andrew Oliver jun'. Esq^ 
M'. Benjamin Austin, 
were chose Selectmen in the Room of Samuel Grant Esq"". & M'. 
Thomas Hill who decline Serving, and they took the Oath required 
by L:iw relating to receiving and paying Bills of Credit of the 
other Governments. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq'. w:is chose Overseer of the Poor in the 
room of the Hon*''*'. Andrew Oliver E'<q'. who is Excus'd. 

The Town brouglit in their Votes for a County Treasurer and 
they were Sealed up by Const". Patten, to be by him kept and re- 
turned to the next Court of Quarter Sessions to be held for this 
County. 

Voted that there be twelve Constables chose for the Year ensu- 
ing, distinct from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted tliat any Person chose to Serve as a Constable, be ex- 
cused ujion paying a Fine of Three Pounds. 

Voted that the Town will choose Collectors of Taxes for the en- 
suing Year, and that there be but two choose. 

Voted that six pence on the Pound be and hereby is allow'd to 
be pay'd to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes the 
Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 



Boston Town Records, 1758. ^ 

they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole Sums 
they are obliged to pay him within four Months from the time thev 
receive the Tax IJooks from the Assessors, and the other half part 
in three Montiis after; and also pay [411^.] into the Province 
and County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sums they shall 
be obliged to pay them respectively in seven Months from the time 
they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, 
and tlie other half in five Months after, and in Case either of said 
Collectors shall fail paying in manner aforesaid, the Collector so 
failing shall not lie entitled to the aforesaid :illowance of six pence 
on tiic Pound, but wholly forfeit the same. Provided also that 
each of said Collectors give Bond with sutlicient Sureties to the 
satisfaction of the Selectmen i'or the faithful discharge of their 
Duty in said OlTlce and complying with this Vote. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Collectors of 
Taxes and upon Sorting them it appeared that, 
Thomas Greene Esq^ & 
John Kowe Esq"", 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

Thomas Greene Esq', declined Serving in the Office of a Col- 
lector of Taxes, & having a Commission for a Justice of the Peace, 
the Town apprehend he is not obliged to Serve, or pay the Fine. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded Voted that John Rowc Esq', 
be Excus'd from Serving in the Office of a Collector of Taxes. 

A Motion was made and Seconded that the Town would re- 
consider their Vote pass'd allowing six pence on the Pound only 
for Collecting of Taxes, & after a long debate thereon it was 
Voted that the further Consideration hereof be rel'err'd 'till to- 
morrow Morning. 

Voted that this Meeting be & hereby is Adjourned 'till tomorrow 
Morning ten o'Clock. 

[4:1^.] Tuesday Morning ten o'Clock the Town Mett accord- 
ing to Adjournment. 

The Motion made Yesterday that the Town would reconsider 
the Vote passed for allowing six pence only on the Pound for Col- 
lecting the Taxes, was taken into Consideration, and alter a lone 
debate thereon, Voted that the Town will allow no further Sum 
than six pence on the Pound for Collecting the Taxes. 

Voted that Thomas Greene Esq^ M^ Royall Tyler & M^ Wil- 
liam Cooper be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to ex- 
amine the Accomi)ts of the Managers of the Boston Lotteries N"'. 
three four & five, and they are desired to make Report thereon aa 
soon as may be. 

Mess". John Patten 

Augustus Hail 
Nath'. Thayer 
Thomas Hubbard 
David Bell 
Tiiomas Bell 
John Coverley 
Eliphalet, Parker 
James Thomas 



6 City Document No. 88. 

■ ' Thomas Gardner 

John Curaston 

Francis Salmon 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Cap'. John Goldthwait 

William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Benj". Church 

Peter Oliver 

Samuel Edwards 

Isaac White 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

[413J.] The Selectmen's Report on the Accompt of M^ 
John Fenno Keeper of the Grainary for the Year past as Enter'd 
in his Book (and on File in the Town Clerk's Office) Read, and 
Voted that the same be accepted, and that M^ Fenno be accf)unt- 
able to the Town for 2220 Bushells of Corn, and 130 Bushells of 
Rye remaining unsold, amounting to £259 ,, 6 ,, 8 and also for the 
Sum of £210 ,, 7 ,, 2;^ Cash now in his hands, exclusive of the Sum 
of £26 ,, 13 ,,4, exclusive of his Salary and Assistance as Charged 
in said Accompt, which is hereby allowed him. 

The Committee appointed the 14"". of Marcli last to Audit the 
Accompts of M^ Treasurer Jeffries, now Reported that they had 
attended that Service, & found the same right Cast and well 
Vouch'd, in which he charges himself with sundry Fines Rents 
and other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of £.)0U0, 
all which amount (including the Ballance of the old Accompt) to 
£G9 1 8 " 1 -8 — and the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry 
Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made by the Select- 
men am'', to £2593 ,,8,,3J, and Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor, which contain the Charges of the Aluis-house and 
Work-house amounting to £1714, ,8, ,3^ which we have in- 
spected in a very particular manner, by exam^. every particular 
Voucher produced by the Overseers for the amount of that Sum, 
and every other Branch of Public Charge, nil amounting to 
£6749 ,, 8 ,, 11. by which it appears that when all the Taxes Rents 
and Incomes of the Town are in, the Ballance will be £168 ,, 12 ,, 9 
which the said Treasurer is further to account for, as appears by 
the Tryall ballance of said Accompt given in by s'^. Committee and 
on File. Which Report & Accompt being Read, Voted that the 
same be Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 14"'. of March last to Audit tlie 
Accompts of the Overseers of the Poor, Report, that they had 
attended that Service, & on Examination of each Particular Bill 
for which said Overseers (413.) Drew on the Town Treasurer, 
are of the mind that considerable Saving has been mnde to the 
Town the Year past, by the Gentlemen Overseers paying for the 
Wood Grain and other Articles in ready Money, and find there 
is the Sum of £19 : 5 : 6 due to them for Interest on the Suras 
advanc'd to this day, and that so much of their respective Taxes 
should be allowed to each of them, as is their due out of their 
respective Rates by the Collectors of Taxes, agreeable to the Vote 



Boston Town Eecords, 1758. 7 

of the Town. And said Committee further Report as their 
Opinion, that it will be for the Interest of the Town to desire the 
Gentlemen that may be chosen as Overseers of the Poor, for the 
present Year, be desir'd to buy all with Money, and that Interest 
should be allowed tliem for advancing the same, and that what 
shall be so Advanc'd shall be discounted out of their Taxes or 
others for the Year iToS. 

Interest due to the Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor, for 
Monies by them advanc'd in the Year past is as follows, viz'. 
To Andrew Oliver Ksq-^ £1 ,, 14 ,, 0. 

El)enezer vStorer Esq' 4,, 2, ,8. 

M^ Isaac WaUcer ,, 18 . . . 

M^ .loll 11 Parrett 1 ,, 18 . . . 

M^ John Tudor 1 ,, 10 . . . 

Thomas Flucker Esq"" 2 ,, 11 . . . 

M^ RovallTvler 1 ,, 4 . . . 

M^ William Vhillips ,, 10 . . . 

James Pitts Esq"' 2 ,, 8 ,, 2 

M^ Benf . Dolbeare ,, 15 „ 8 

M^ Isaac Smith 1 ,, 14 . . . 



£19 „ 5 „ G 

which Report was Read and Accepted. And Voted that the Over- 
seers of the Poor for the Year ensuing, be allow'd interest on all 
such .Suras as they shall Advance or Borrow for the Support of the 
Poor. 

The Town took into Consideration the Method of raising Monies 
for the payment of Schoolmasters, for the Relief of the Poor, and 
the defreying otlier necessary Charges, and after a very long de- 
bate thereon. Voted that tlie Sum of [413.^.] Money that shall 
be agreed upon to be raised at this Meeting for the purposes afore- 
said, shall, as soon as may be, be apiX)rtion'd by the Assessors, 
and the Collectors of Taxes shall upon receiving said Assessments 
from them, forthwith Collect and pay the same in to the Town 
Treasury, & that no more tlian six pence on the Pound be allow'd 
for Collecting of Taxes, 

Voted that the Sum of Six Thousand Pounds Lawful money be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for 
Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges arising 
within the Town tlie Year ensuing. 

Voted that Tliomas Greene James Boutineaii and John Rowe 
Esq". M^ Nicholas Boylstone and M^ William Cocjper. be and 
they herein' are ap[)ointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts of 
M^ Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accom|)ts of the Overseers of 
the Poor, and the said Committee are desir'd & impower'd to In- 
spect every particular Accompt of the Monies expended for the 
use of the Alms-house, they are also impowered when they shall 
audit said Accompts to allow to said Overseers or such of them as 
shall advance ^Monies for the Sui)port of the Poor, Interest on all 
such Sums from the time advanc'd 'till they shall Audit said 
Accompts. 



& City Document JMo. 88. 

"Voted that the Town proceed to the Choice of four Collectors of 
Taxes, the Vote passed this Meeting for choosing only two, not- 
withstanding, accordingly the Votes were brought in, and upon 
Sorting them it appeared that, 

Mess". John Ruddock 
James Scutt 
Jonathan Payson & 
Samuel Adams, 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

In margin. [Tythingmen.] Nothing done thereon. 

[414.] The Petition of sundry Inhabitants praying that the 
Town would pave the lower end of Prince Street leading to 
Charlestown Ferry, for reasons therein mentioned, was Read, and 
after a short debate. Voted that said Petition be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of the Watchmen of the Town praying for an 
Addition to their Wages, for reasons therein mentioned was 
Read, Voted that said Petition be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of Edward Holliday of Boston Shopkeeper, setting 
forth, that Thomas Downe jun'. was chose l)y the Town one of 
their Collectors of the Public taxes for the Years 1751, 1752, 
175?), 1754 & 1755, that your Petitioner become one of his Bonds- 
men for the last mentioned Year, whereby he obliged himself that 
the Taxes committed to said Downe to Collect, should be pay'd ia 
to the several Treasurers according to the Warrants he received, 
for that purpose, that said Downe fail'd in his Circumstances, 
before he had compleated Collecting and paying in said Taxes, and 
the other Bondsmen also failing, the Selectmen of the Town 
immediately applied to your Petitioner and informed him that he 
nuist make up the deficiency of said Sum said Downe was to pay, 
and for further Security, they Attached your Petitioners House 
and Land, and as the outstanding Tax could not be gather'd in, 
unless some other Person was appointed, 3'our Petitioner was 
Advis'd to make Application to the General Court that he might be 
Impower'd in the room of said Downe to Collect the same, which 
he did, & the General Court thereupon authoriz'd your Petitioner 
not only to gather in the Taxes of the Year 1755, but such 
as shou'd appear to be unpaid the other abovementioned 
Years, that your Pet^ on Examining said Downe's Tax Books 
found there were considerable Sums unpaid in those Years, and he 
has for several Months past been endeavouring to get in the same, 
and has accordingly received considerable, but there were many 
Persons in some of the above Years taxed, so extremely Poor, 
that said Downe could not get one farthing of them, nor are they 
yet able to pay any part, many others have been dead for some 
time and left nothing, the Petitioner [414i.] having tryed 
all possible Methods but to no effect, that said Downe before he 
fiiil'd intended to have a|)plicd to the Town for an Abatement of 
Taxes of such Poor, but did not. 

The Petitioner therefore prays the Town would now Appoint a 
Committee to make enquiry into the Circumstances of such Per- 
sons who have not pay'd their Taxes in the afore-mentioned 
Years, and he doubts not but they will be Convinc'd they never 



Boston Town Records, 1758. 9 

were able to pay them, nnd that upon their Report the Town will 
judge it, to be eqnital)le said Taxes should be Abated, and as the 
Petitioner will be almost luin'd by being unhappily bound for said 
Downe, he prays he may be heard by said (.'ommittee relating to 
such Abatements as he apprehends in Justice ought to be made, 
was Rend and th(!reupon V'oted that the Assessors be and they 
hereby are appointed a (.'ommittee to take the same into Consider- 
ation, hear the Petitioner and Rtsport to the Town as soon as 
may be, what Taxes they shall judge ought in Equity to be 
Abated in the several Years thei'ein mentioned. 

The Town jn-oceeded to consider what is necessary further to be 
done relating to tlie By-Laws and Orders of the Town & thereupon 
Voted that 'Ihomas Greene Esq"". M^ Oxenbridge Thacher and AP. 
William Story be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
Collect all the By-Laws & Orders of the Town now in force, and 
range them in such manner as they shall think proper, in order to 
their being Printed & Report their doings hereon as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are Impower'd to 
sit on every Thursday from this day untill the last Tiuirsday of 
April next inclusive, and no longer for making an Abatement of 
the Taxes of such Persons as they shall judge reasonable, saving 
tliat they have liberty to sit the two last Weeks in November next 
to Abate (if they see cause) the Taxes of all such Persons as shall 
appear to them to have been out of the Province, and so could not 
have made Application to them for an Abatenient by said last 
Thursday in April. 

[415.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to the last 
Friday in April next being the 28*. of the Month, at ten o'Clock 
in the forenoon, and the same is Adjourn'd to that time accord- 
ingly- 

Friday April 28"*. 1758 The Town mett according to Adjournm'. 

The Committee appointed to Audit the Accompts of the Man- 
agers of Boston Lotteries N°'. 3:4: 5. Reported that they had 
Attended that Service, and find the same right, & that the follow- 
ing Sums be allow'd them, viz'. 

To Samuel Grant Esq" £43,, 1G„ 8 . . . . 



42,, 13,, 
42„ 13„ 
42„ 13„ 

43„ 2„, 
43„ 8„, 
39„ 1G„ 



M^ Thomas Hill 
Joshua Henshaw Esq''. 
Joseph Jackson Esq'^. 
M"". Thomas Cushing . 
M"". Samuel Ilewes 
M^ John ScoUay . . 
Voted that all Matters and Things mentioned in the Warrant 
that remain unfinished be and they hereby are referred over to May 
Meeting, to be then Acted upon. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to John Phillips Esq'. Moderator of this Meeting for 
Transacting the Buisness thereof. 
Then the Meeting was Disraiss'd. 

[415^.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston legally qualifyed and Warned in 



10 City Document No. 88. 

Public Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 
sixteenth day of May AD 1758. 

Pra3^er was made by the Rev''. M'. Eben^ Pemberton. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq^ one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Names to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of 
one or more Persons to represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
thirty first day of May current, and in order thereto to Consider 
and Ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be elected, accordingly 
it was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
then it was declar'd by the Selectmen, that no Votes would be 
received after twelve o'Clock, but the Poll then clos'd. 

The Votes being Collected the Number of Voters were found to 
be 369, & upon Sorting them it appeared that the following Gen- 
tlemen were chose viz'. 

The Hon". Thomas Hubbard Esq' 300 

M"". John Tyng 234 

Thomas Flucker Esq' 291 

Benjamin Prat Esq' 309 

which was declar'd by the Selectmen. 

The Inhabitants proceeded to bring in their Votes for a Moder- 
ator, and upon Sorting them it appeared that the Hon". Thomas 
Hubbard Esq', was chose, & he having taken the Oath respecting 
his receiving & paying Bills of Credit of tlieGoverm'' of Connecti- 
cutt New Hampshire & Rhode Island as required by the Act of 
this Province, took his Seat. 

[416.] The Petitions Read. 

The Town took into Consideration the Article in the Warr'. viz', 
" what is necessary to be done for the preservation of Beacon 
Hill." and thereupon Voted that Thomas Hancock Esq'. M'. Wil- 
liam Cooper and M'. John Avery be and the\' hereby are appointed 
a Committee to repair to said Hill, view the same & Report to the 
Town the circumstances thereof, and what they judge necessary to 
be done for the better Security of said Hill. 

The Petition of the Watchmen of the Town prajing that an 
Addition may be made to their Wages, was Read, and after a 
a short Debate Voted that the Sum of four shillings p Month be 
allowed in Addition to their present pay. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " whether the Town will Im- 
power the Selectmen to Sell a small Peice of Land near Fort-hill 
adjoining to M'. Alexander Hunt's Land." was taken into Con- 
sideration and thereupon Voted that Jos^. Henshaw Esq'. Joseph 
Jackson Esq'. M'. Thomas Cushing M'. John Scollay, M'. Samuel 
Hewes, M'. Benjamin Austin and Andrew Oliver jun'. Esq', the 
present Selectmen be & they hereby are fully authoriz'd and Im- 
power'd to vSell said Land to such Person as will give most for the 
same, and in the Name and behalf of the Town to give and 
execute a good and legal Deed thereof to the Purchaser. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 10"*. of May last to 
Visit the Schools, now made the following Report Viz'. 



Boston Town Records, 1758. 11 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May Kj"'. 1758. 

Pursuant to the Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting the 
tenth of May last desiring the Selectmen to Visit the Schools and 
Invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they should think 
proper do now Report, 

That on the 24"'. day of June last they attended that Service 
accompanied by the following Gentlemen viz'. 

The Hon°. John Osl)orn Jacob Wendell Stephen Sewall ) 

Rich*'. Bill And". Oliver John Erving [• Esq". 

Robert Hooper) 
[416^.] The Gent". Representatives of the Town, 
The Gent", the Ov^erseers of the Poor, 
The Rev'', the Ministers of the Town 
M^ Treasurer Gray 

Joshua Winslow ^ 
Richard Dana [^ „ 

James Boutineau [ ^ 
Stephen Greenleaf J 
Doct^ William Clarke & 
M'. John Ruddock 
and found in the South Grammar School there was 115 Scholars, 
in the South Writing School 240 Scholars, in the Writing School 
in Queen Street 230 Scholars, in the North Grammar School 36 
Scholars, in the North Writing School 220 Scholars, all in very 
good Order. 

Read and Accepted, and Voted that the Gentlemen the Select- 
men, be and they hereby are desired to Visit the Schools this 
present Year, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as 
they shall think proper. 

Voted that Thomas Greene and Royall Tyler Esq", and M^ 
William Cooper be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
Audit; the Accompts of the Managers of Boston Lottery N°. 6. & 
they are des\red to Report thereon, as soon as may be. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to make a particular Enquiry 
into the State of the several Public Schools in Town, and whether 
there is any Neglect of Duty in the Masters or Ushers of said 
Schools, & Report the same to the Town 

The Committee appointed the 13"^. of March last on a Petition 
of Edward Holliday made Report, which was Read, and Voted 
that the Consideiation of said Petition and Reix)rt, be referr'd 
to a future day, to be then Acted upon as the Town shall judge 
proper. 

[417.] Voted that W. Peleg Wiswidl be allow'd for his 
Salary as Master of the North Grammar School at the Rate of 
Eighty Pounds per Annum untill the Town shall otherwise Order. 
Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and pay'd unto M"". John Lovel for his Salary as Master 
of the South Grammar School, the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him 
Quarterly and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 
Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
pay'd unto M'. Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the 



12 City Document No. 88. 

South Writing School, the ensuing Year to be pay'd him Quarterly 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
pay'd unto M'. Zacliariah Hicks for his Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School, the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him Quar- 
terly, & to Commence at the expiration of the Inst Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd to 
M^ Samuel Holyoke one of the Masters of the Writing School 
in Queen Street the ensuing Year to be pay'd him Quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd unto 
M"". John Procter one of the Masters of the Writing School in 
Queen Street, the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him Quarterly & to 
Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd unto 
M'. Nath'. Gardner for his Salary as Usher to the South Grammar 
School the ensuing Year, to be pay'd him Qnarterlj-, and to Com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

[417^.] Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd and 
pay'd unto M^ Jolui Viual for his Salary as Usher of the South 
writing School the Year ensuing to be pay'd him Quarterly, and to 
commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd unto 
M^ John Tilestone for his Salary as Usher of the North Writing 
School the ensuing Year to be pay'd him Quarterly and to Com- 
mence at the P^xpiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sura of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
pay'd unto M''. David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the 
Town the Year past, and for all his Expences in that OtBce. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allow'd and pay'd 
unto Cap'. Isaac Dupee for his Services as Clerk of Fancuil Hall- 
Markett the Year past. 

The Committee appointed the 13'**. of March last to Collect all 
the By-Laws and Orders of the Town now in force, and Range 
them in such manner as they shall think proper in Order to their 
being Printed, Report, that they apprehend it will be proper for 
t»he By-Laws lately Voted by the Town and pass'd the Sessions, 
to be Printed as soon as may be, that with them be Printed a By- 
Law made March 14"'. 1725 which contains the last Provision 
relating to the Dirt in the Streets, before the new By Laws. That 
the Title of the whole be this ; The By Laws and Orders of the 
Town of Boston, — Revis'd 1758. The said By-Law March 14'". 
1725 to be first Printed, and then the others to follow in their 

Order as Voted by tiie Town & Confirmed by the Sessions. 

which Report being Read and Considered of Voted that the same 
be & hereby is accepted. And the Selectmen are desired to cause 
such a Number of s'^. By-Laws & Orders to be Printed as they 
shall judge necessary upon the best Terms they can. 

[418.] The Petition of Hugh M'^Danicl of Boston praying 
the Town will abate him part of the Rent of a House and Laud 
on the Neck he hired of the Town the 25'". of March 1752 for 
Reasons therein mention'd was Read & thereupon Voted chat 



Boston Town Records, 1758. 13 

■Richard Dana f^sq\ M\ William Stoiy, and Royall Tyler Esq"", be 
and thoy hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of said 
Petition view the Premisses, bear the Petitioner, and Report to 
the Town what they shnll judge I'casonable to be done thereupon. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to 
i«sue a Warrant for a Town Meeting to be on the same dti}' of the 
propos'd Adjonrr.ment of this Meeting, in Order to know whether 
the Town will then desire said Selectmen to appoint a Masti-r for 
the North Grammar School, or an Uslier or Assistant to the 
present Master there. Also whether the Town will make any 
furtiier Allowance to the Collectors of Taxes for Collecting them, 
than six iionce on the Pound Votod in March last. 

Voted that this INIeeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Monday 
the 12*". day of June next at 10 o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Monday the l-2"'of June ]7o>i. The Town mett according to 
their Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed the IG"'. of May last, on the Petition 
of Ilngh M". Daniel, Report, that they liad viewed the demised 
House and Land mentioned in said Petition heard the Petitioner 
thereui)oii, and find that said Peice of Land f.dls short in Measure 
about one quarter part of what it is suppos'd in the Lease to con- 
tain, & after due Consideration of all Circumstances respecting this 
Allaii- thcv are of Opinion that it is reasonable that tlie Sum of 
Sixteen Pomuls of Lawful money be Abated to the Petitioner out 
of the Rent of the Premisses for the tiuie past, and that he for the 
future pay no more than Thirteen Pounds six shillings and eight 
pence Lawful money i)y th' Year for the Rent of the Premisses 
during the Pesidue of his Term therein according to his [418.^.] 
Lease, which Report being Read. Voted that the same be Accei)ted, 
and that the Treasurer be and hereby is directed t(j allow to said 
Hugh M^ Daniel the Sum of Sixteen Pounds out of the Riut of 
saitl Premisses for the time past, and that for the future said 
i\P. Daniel pay the Sum of Thirteen Pounds six shillings and eight 
pence only for the Annual Rent of said Premisses during the re- 
n)ainder of the Term mention'd in his Lease. 

The Committee appointed the 16"' of May last to Audit the 
Accompts of the Managers of P)Oston Lottery N". G. Report, that 
they had attended that Service, and found said Accompts right 
and that the same be allow'd. Voted that said Report be accepted, 
and that the follow^. Sums be allowed and pay'd to said Managers 
in full of their Accompts Viz'. 

To Samuel Grant Esq' £1-1,, 17,, . . 

M'. Thomas Hill 15 ,, ,, ,, . . 

Joshua Hen>haw Esq"" 14,, 2 ,, 

Joseph Jackson Esq"" 14,, 5 ,, . 

M^ Thomas Gushing .... 14 ,, 9 ,, . . 

M^ Samuel Hewes 14 ,, 2 ,, . . 

M\ John ScoUay 13 „ 1 „ • • 

The Committee appointed the 13"* of March last on the Petition 
of Edward Holliday Reported the IG"* of May last, that they had 
considered of the Subject Matter of said Petition, and what Taxes 
ought in Equity to be Abated, & that the several Taxes mentioned 



14 City Document No. 88. 

in a List anuexed to Said Report ought to be Abated, which 
Report and List upon a Motion now made was Read over, and a 
Debate was had thereupon, and after some time, it was moved and 
Voted that said Report be Recommitted, and that said Committee 
in Considering what Abatements l)e made to the Petitioner be and 
they hereby are directed to go no furtlier back in making Abate- 
ments then since the Year 1754, the said Tho". Downe meni'^. in 
s'' Pet", having rec''. his Premium for Collecting Taxes fur that 
Year, & said Com''^ are desir'd to make Report hereon as soon as 
they have done the same. 

[419.] The Committee appointed the IG"'. of May last to 
consider what is necessary to be done for the preservation of 
Beacon Hill, Report that they had viewed said Hill, and that it 
appears to them absolutely necessary that speedy Measures should 
be taken by the Town to prevent the digging away any further 
part of it, in Order for the Preservation of the whole, and as M^ 
Hudson who purc^as'd a part of said Hill, and is now digging the 
same has mentioned a readiness to dispose of his Right therein, on 
such Terms as may by Persons chose be judged reasonaljle, said 
Committee further Report as their Opinion that the Gentlemen the 
Selectmen be directed and impower'd to purchase for the Town 
said Hndsons Interest in said Hill, and in Case of any disagree- 
ment concerning it, that they then api)ly to the General Court for 
y'. Literpositiou, which Report being Read, It was Voled that the 
same be Accepted, and that the Selectmen be and they hereby 
Authoriz'd and Impower'd to Purchase of said Hudson his Right 
& Interest in said Hill on such Terms as they shall agree ai d in 
Case they shall not be al)le to Effect the same with said Hudson, 
said Selectmen are hereby directed to apply to the Genei-al Court 
for their Interposition and Assistance in Order to Compel said 
Hudson to Sell his Right and Interest in said Hill for a reason- 
able Consideration. 

The Selectmen being desir'd by a Vote pass'd the IG"'. of May 
lust, to make a particular Enquiry into the State of the several 
Public Schools in Town, and whether there is any Neglect of duty 
in the Masters or Ushers of said Schools, Report that they had 
attended that Service, and don't find that there has been any 
neglect of Duty in any of the Masters or Ushers of said Schools, 
except in the North Writing School where M''. Zachariah Hicks is 
Master, upon which they had sent for M''. Hicks, and Convers'd 
with him concerning the Government of said School, and inform'd 
him of some Complaints that were made against his Conduct there, 
& in not giving proper Attendance at said School, M^ Hicks 
thereupon acknowledged that he had not so constantly attended at 
said School for some time past, as heretofore, but that the same 
was wholly owing to Indisposition, [419i.] but :is he was now 
much better in his health, he should give his constant Attendance, 
and in every respect faithfully discharge his Duty as Master of 
said School : the Selectmen further Report that upon Enquiry 
they are of Opinion, that the neglect of Duty comi)Iained of was 
not for want of Fidelity in M'. IJicks, but that it was occasion'd 
wholly by his Indisposition, and that as he has been a faithful 



Boston Town Records, 1758. 15 

]\r.astcr ID said School for many Years past, tlioy donbt not now 
lie is recovered his Health he will continue so ; Whereupon it was 
Unanimously Voted that said Report be and hereby is Accepted. 
Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fancuil-IIall on Monday the twelfth day 
of June AD 1758. 

Tlie Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

The lion'''''. Thomas Hubbard Esq', was chose Moderator of 
this Meeting. 

The Article in the Warrant viz', whether the Town will desire 
the Selectmen to appoint an Assi^stant to the Master of the North 
(irammar School, or consider what may be further necessary to be 
done for the Instruction of the Youth there : was Consider'd of, 
and after some Debate thereon. It was Voted that the Selectmen 
1)0 and they hereby are desired to appoint an Assistant to the 
j\I aster of s"*. School, and that the Sum of One hundred and 
twenty Rounds be allowed for the Yearly Salary of said Master 
and Assistant, and that such a part thereof be paid to the Assist- 
ant as the Selectmen shall agree with him for. 

[420.] The Article in the Warrant viz^ Whether the Town 
will make any further Allowance to the Collectors of Taxes than 
the six pence on the Round Voted in March last. It was Voted 
that the Sum of tliree pence on the Pound be allow'd to the Col- 
l(>ctors in Addition to six pence on the pound Voted in March last, 
provided they pay into the Town Treasury one half the Sura they 
shall be obliged severally to collect by the first of Noveml)er next, 
and the remainder by the first of March following. 

James Scutt who was chose one of the Collectors of Taxes in 
IMarch last declined serving, whereupon John Grant was chose in 
his Room. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz', To enquire whether the Con- 
ditions of the Lease of Deer Island made to Henry Atkins Esq^ 
and others have been comply'd with, and for the Town to Act 
thereupon as may be thought proper. Was taken into Considera- 
tion, and several of the Proprietors of Point Shirley to whom saiil 
Lease was made being present, dechir'd tluit they had not so far 
complyed with the Conditions of the Lease by which they hold 
r,aid Island as to send out and emjiloy this last Year such a num- 
ber of Vessells or Schooners in the Fisliery as they were obliged 
b}' said Lease to do. being prevented only •l)y the ])resent War with 
the French, they having had three or four \'essells taken when a 
fishing, by the French, but as soon as there was a Peace or Louis- 
bourg sho'd be reduced to the Obedience of the Crown of (ireat 
Ihitain, they intended to carry on the Fishery again at said Point 
Shirley, and emplov such a Number of Schooners or Vessells as 
will make up the Tonage mentioned in said Lease, and hope the 
Town (if they now take said Island into their Possession) will then 
renew said Lease to them for the Term yet remaining unexpired, 
& that they so far as they are concerned in said Lease are willing 



16 City Document No. 88. 

to quit said Island for the present to the Town, without putting 
them to any further difficulties about it. Whereupon It was Voted 
that the Selectmen as soon as they conveniently can, take posses- 
sion of said Island, aud [430i.] Hire out on the best Terms 
they can by Lease or otherwise as they shall judge most for the 
Interest of the Town. 

The Town considered of the Article in the Warrant Viz'. 
Whether the Selectmen shall be Impower'd to Lease out the Shops 
on the North side of Faneuil-Hall Markett for a longer Term than 
Seven Years, and after some Debate thereon. It was Voted that 
the Town will not Impower the Selectmen to Lease out said Shops 
for any longer term than Seven Years. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the twelfth day 
of March A D 1759. 

Prayer w-as made by the Rev^. Sam'. Mather. 
The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 
Sundry Laws Read. 

John Phillips E3q^ was chose Moderator of the Meeting and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governm'^ of Connecticutt New-Hampshire & Rhode Island 
as required by the Act of the Province. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing & having taken the Oath required by the Act of this 
Province relating to his paying and receiving 13ills of [431.] 
Credit of the other Governments took the Oath of Office which 
was Administred to him by John Phillips Esq^ 
Sundry Petitions Read. 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in, and Sorted it appeared that, 
Joshua Ilenshaw Esq'. 
Joseph Jackson Esq^ 
M'. Thomas Gushing 
M^ Samuel Hewes 
M'. John ScoUay 
M^ Benjamin Austin 
Andrew Oliver jun^ Esq'', 
were chose and they thereupon took the Oath required by Law 
relating to their receiving and paying Bills of Credit of the neigh- 
bouring Governments. 

The Town brought in their Votes for 12 Overseers of the Poor, 
and being Sorted, it appeared that, 

John Phillips Esq'. 
M'. Isaac Walker 
Ebenezer Storer Esq'. 
M". John Barrett 
M^ John Tudor 
Royall Tyler Esq'. 
Thomas Flucker Esq'. 



Boston Town Records, 1759. 17 

M^ William Phillips 

James Pitts Esq"". 

M''. Isaac Smith 

M"". Beiij\ Dolbeare 

Melatiah Bourne Esq"", 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought iu for a Town Treasurer upon and 
viewing them it appeari'd that M^ David Jeffries was chose, and 
having taken the Oath [421 J.] Relating to his pa3^ing and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the other Governments was also 8worn to the 
faithful discharge of his duty in that Office. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Office of a Constable for 
the ensuii;g Year be excus'd on his paying a Fine of Four 
Pounds. 

Voted that twelve Constables be chose seperate from the Collec- 
tors of Taxes. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of twelve Consta- 
bles, and the Votes being brought iu and Sorted it appeared 
that, 

Mess". John Patten 

Francis Salmon 

Tho', Barton Simpkius 

Eliphalet Parker 

Obadiah Low 

Edw<*. Weld , £, 

Augustus Hale r Sworn 

James Thomas 

Will'". Wait Wallace 

John Cover ley 

Nath'. Thayer & 

John Rogers 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought in for twelve Firewards, & upon Sort- 
ing them it appeared that 

John Phillips Esq'. 

Joseph Jackson Esq"", 

M'. John Scollay 

Royall Tyler Esq^ 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

John Rowe Esq^ 

Cap'. Newm.'in Greenough 

Tho^ Flucker Esq^ 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

M^ Will"'. Cooper 

M''. Joseph Jackson 

M'', Sam'. Austin 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 

[4:'xi3.] Mess". Cornelius Thayer Sworn 

Neal Mclntire Sworn 

Thomas Leverett 

Daniel Parker Sworn 

Benjamin Henderson 



18 City Document No. 88. 

Thomas Dowae Sworn 

Nathaniel Hard Sworn 

Daniel Henchman Sworn 

James Jackson Sworn 

Oliver Wiswall Sworn 
Samuel Barratt & 

Jonathan Amory Sworn 
were chose Clerks of the Mavkelt for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Isaac White 
William Pain 
William Nichols 

William Welch Sworn 

Robert Ford Sworn 

Caleb Ray 

Clement Collins Sworn 

Isaac Vergoose Sworn 

James Ridgwa}' 
Andrew Symraes 

Thomas Bayley & Sworn 

Moses Euyres Sworn 

w«e chose Surveyors of Boards &c^. for the Year ensuing. 
Mesa". Nathaniel Brown 
John Lee 
Ebeuezer Lowell 
William Blair Townsend 
Afstar Stoddard 
Benjamin Harrod 
John Forsyth 
David Wheeler 
Joseph Candish 
William Gray 
John Colburn & 
WiHiam Torrey 
were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Nathaniel Gardner & 
Joseph Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 
[42 2 J.] Mess". Caleb Ray 

Nath'. Wales Sworn 

Cap*. Jose|)h Russell 
William Moore Sworn 

Benjamin Russell & 
Benjamin Eustice jun^. Sworn 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

M^ John Gray was chose Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensu- 
ing. 

M^. John Ranstead was chose Hayward for the Year ensuing. 

Sworn. 
Mess". David Cutler & 

Martin Gray were chose 
Assay-masters for the Year ensuing. 



Boston Town Records, 1759. 1£ 

Mess". Cornelius Thayer 

John Allen 

Adino I'addock & 

Janios Dawson 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Thomas Bradford Sworn 

David Magg Sworn 

Joshua Cornish & Sworn 

John ]\PLane 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

In margin. Tythiug-nien. Nothing done thereon. 

Mess". David Spoar 

John Ilaskins 

Jon". Jenkins 

Paul Baxter 

Nathan Spear 

Benj". Barnard 

Beuj*. Ballard Sworn 

John Ilobbs 

Jou". Barnard Sworn 

John IJelycir 

were chose Cullers of Staves &c*. the Year ensuing, 

[423.] The Selectmen. 

T • f Surveyors of ) 

In margui i tt- i ?■ 

° ( Highways ) 

The Selectmen's Report on the Acco'. of M'. John Fenno Keeper 
of the (irauary for the Year past as Euter'd in his Book (and on 
File in the Town Clerk's Ollice) Read and Voted that the same h(i 
Accepted, and that M^ Feuno be accountal)le to the Town for 23(1 
15ushell-* of Corn, and 90 busliells of Rye, remaining unsold amount- 
ing to £48. 2. 8. and also for the Sum of £42o. 17. i)^. Cash now 
iu his hands exclusive of the Sum of £2G. 13. 4, for his Salary & 
Assistance as charged in said Account, which is hereby allowed 
him. 

Thomas Greene & Joseph Jackson Esq", and M^ John ScoUay 
are chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary, respecting the Quantities of Grain to I)e sold, 
and setting the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
recjuire. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer, and 
they were Sealed up by Constable Rogers, to be l)y him ke[)t and 
returned to the next Court of General Sessions of the Peace to be 
held for this County. 

Tlie Town brought in their Votes for a Clerk of Fanueil-IIall 
Markett, and upon sorting them it appeared tliat M'. Al)ijah Adams 
was chose. Sworn. 

The Memorial of Sundry Freeholders & Inlial)itants j^raving 
that the Wooden Shops on the North side of Faniieil Hall Market 
may 1)0 demolished or removed, and tlic^ Dock fiU'd up for tlie 
Reasons therein mentioned, was read and after some Debate thereon. 

Voted that said Memorial be Dismissal. 



20 City Document No. 88. 

[433.^.] The Petition of Solomon Kneelancl of Boston Leatlier 
rlresser setting forth, that several Years ago his Brother was a 
Constable in Boston and had some Taxes conniiitted to him to Col- 
lect, but as there was some part thereof he failed in paving to the 
Town Treasury, the Town brought an Action against the Petitioner's 
Father, who was bound for his Brother, and Recovered Judgment 
against him for the deficiency, lookout Execution thereupon & ex- 
tended the same on a strip of land fronting Orange Street at the 
Southerly part of the Town, measuring sixteen feet in the front, 
which adjoins to other Lands the Petitioner now enjoys as part of 
his Father's Estate, that the Petitioner now rents this small Peice of 
Land of the Town, but as the same is but of very little Service to 
tlie Town, and as it was part of his Father's Estate, he would pur- 
chase said Peice upon such Terms as may be agreed uijon, & 
therefore pray'd the Town would consider of the Premisses and 
Sell him the same for such a Sum of Money as may be judged 
reasonable, was Read, and thereupon It was Voted that the 
Selectmen be and they hereby are fully Authorized and Im- 
powered to Sell (if they see fit) said Peice of Land to said 
Solomon Kneeland, for such a Consideration as they shall judge 
reasonable, and they are desired to give and execute to him a 
legal Deed for the same. 

The Article in the Warrant for widening Ann Street and repair- 
ing the Pavement there, was taken into Consideration and thereup<,u 
Voted that Royal Tyler & Thomas Greene Esq", and M"'. Jonathan 
Cushiugbe and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Consider 
whether it will be more convenient to the Town to have said Street 
widened, the manner of doing it, [434:.] and what is necessary 
for the Town to do in order to effect the same, and for repairing the 
Pavement there. 

The Article in the Warrant that some Method mav be taken to 
reduce the great Number of Licenced Houses was taken into Con- 
sideration, and thereupon Voted that tlie Selectmen be and they 
hereby are desii-ed to use their utmost Endeavours to reduce the 
Number of Licenced Houses in Town and take any Method they sh;dl 
think necessary and proper to effect the same. 

Also Voted that the Selectmen be and they hereby are desired to 
give Notice to all such Persons as are Licenced, either as Innholders 
or Retailers that if they Sell Rum or any Liquors to Negroes or 
Mollatto Servants, after the Second of April next without a written 
Order from their res|)ective Master or Mistresses, they will not be 
allowed to renew their Licences any more. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be Allow'd and ])aid to 
Cap'. Isaac Dupee for his Salary as Clerk of Faueuil-Hall Markett 
the Year past. 

The Petition of Robert Peirpoint praying that a further Allow- 
ance may be made him for carting Stones used in Paveing the Neck, 
was read, and thereupon Voted that tlie Selectmen make such a 
further Allowance to said Peirpoint for carting said Stones, as they 
shall judge reasonable. 

The Committee appointed the 12*. March last, on the Petition 
of Edward Holiday for the Abatement of sundry Taxes made Re- 



Boston Toavn Records, 1759. 21 

port that the Taxes of siindiy Persons particularly named in said 
Report amounting to £24. 4. 10. ought in their Opinion to he 
Ahated, and after some Debate thereon, 

Voted that said Sum of £24. 4. 10. be & hereby is Abated said 
HolidaVi & that an Allowance of said sum be made him. 

[4'-i4i.] Also Voted that said Holiday be desired to use his 
Endeavours to get in what he can of said Taxes, and if he shall 
receive any part thereof, that he be accountable to the Town for 
the same. 

On a Motion made and Seconded, a Question was put, AVhether 
the Town will allow nine pence on the pound to the several Gen- 
tleman, that lent Monies to the Town in June last to be deducted 
out of their Taxes, besides the nine pence on the pound allowed 
the Collectors on the whole Sum Collected by them. Voted in 
the Affirmative. 

Mess". William Fairfield 
John Kneeland 
Peter Oliver 
Samuel Edwards 
Benjamin Church 
Isaac White and 
Joseph Bradford 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Voted that the Sum of nine pence on the Pound be and herebj' 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 
they pay into the Town Treasury, one half of the whole Sum they 
are Obliged to pay him, within four Months from the time they 
receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other half part 
in three Months after, and also pay into the Province and County 
Treasuries one half part of the whole Sums they shall be obliged 
to pay tliem respectively in seven Months from the time they shall 
receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as aforesaid, and the 
other half in five Months after : And in case either of said Collec- 
tors shall fail paying in manner afore*^. the Collector so failing 
shall not be Entitled to the [435.] aforesaid Allowance of nine 
pence on the pound but wholly forfeit the same, provided also 
that each of said Collectors give Bond witli sufficient Sureties to 
the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the faithful discharge of 
their Duty in said Office, and comi)lying with this Vote. 

Voted that the Town proceed to the choice of four Collectors of 
Taxes, and the Votes being brought in & sorted, it appeared that, 
Mess". John Ruddock 
John Grant 
Jon". Payson & 
Samuel Adams 
were chose for the Y'ear ensuing. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are Im[)ower'd to 
Sit on every Thursday from this day, uutill the last 'I'huisday 
.in April next inclusive, «&; no longer for making an Al)ateuK'nt of 
the Taxes of such Persons as they shall judge reasonable, saving 
that they have liberty to sit, the two last Weeks in November 



22 City Document No. 88. 

next, to Abate (if they see cause) the Taxes of all sncn Persona 
as shall appear to them, to have been out of the Province and so 
could not liave made Application to them for an Abatement by saM 
last Thursday in April. 

Voted that I\P. .Samuel Phillips Savage 
]\P. William Story 
Joseph Dowse Esq''. 
John Rowe Esq"'. & 
M'. Thomas Tyler 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accompls of M'. Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are appointed and 
impowercd to inspect every particular Accompt of the Monies 
ex[)ended for the use of the Alms-house, they are also Jmpowered 
when they shall Audit said Accompts, to allow to said Overseers 
or such of them, as shall Advance Monies for the Relief of 
[435 A.] The Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the time 
Advanced, 'till they shall Audit said Accompts. 

The State of the Town Treasury, as exhibited by the Town 
Treasurer, and on file was Read. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. "In what manner it will be 
best to Repair the Granary in the Common." was considered of, 
and after some Debate thereon. Voted that the Selectmen be, & 
they hereb}' are desired to Consider of the best way of repairhig 
said Granary hear the proposals that shall be made by the Ilon'^''^. 
Tho^ IJancock E?q^ relating to the same, and then Alter & 
Repair said Granary in such manner as they shall think proper. 

Voted that such Matters and Things as remain unfinished, be 
and herel)y are referred over to the General Town Meeting in May 
next, to be then Considered of, and Acted upon. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby is given to 
John Phillips Esq"", the Moderator of this Meeting, for transacting 
the Affairs and Huisness thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[436.] At a Meeting of the Ereeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and Warned in Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the fifteenth 
day of May A.D. 1759. 

Prayer was made by the Rev**. Mather Byles. 

The Precept & Warrant for calling the Meeting, Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Joshua Ilensliaw Esq"", one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the Choice of 
one or more Persons to represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 
thirtieth day of May curr'. in oider thereto, to Consider and 
Ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly It 
was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes would be 
received after twelve o'clock but the Poll then closed. 

The Votes being Collected, the Numbrr of Voters were found 



Boston Town Recoeds, 1759. 23 

to be 4C9, and upon Sorting them, it appeared that the three fol- 
lowing Gentlemen only were chose viz'. 

Votes. 

The Hon'''«. Thomas Hubbard Esq^ 380 

]\r. John Tyng & 291 

Benjamin Prat Ksff o02. 

which being declared, the Inhabitants were directed, to bring in 
their Votes for one Representative, which they accordingly did, 
and it a|)peared that there was o43 Votes, and upon Sortuig ihem 
there was no Choice, then the Meeting was Adjourn'd to thrcn; 
o'clock i.) the Afternoon for the Choice of another Representative, 
the Selectmen at the same time declaring that the Poll wuuld be 
clos'd at four o'Clock, and no Votes received [426i.] After, and 
said Meeting is Adjourned to that time accordingly. 

Three o'Clock in the Afternoon, the Inhabitants assembled and 
brought in their Votes for one Representative, and upon Sorting 
them it appeared that no Person was chose, and then the Inhabi- 
tants withdrew and brought in their Vote again, and upon Sorting 
them it appeared that 

Thomas Fhicker Esq', was chose. 

The Inhabitants then brought in their Vote for a Moder.ntor, 
and upon Sorting them, it appeared tliat, 

John Phillips Esq^ was chose. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. 'J'o determine whether the Town 
will remove one of the Sliops on the North side of Faneuil-IIall 
Market, in order to have a Passage way from thence into Union 
Street by Building a Bridge or in any other manner the Town shall 
judge best was taken into Consideration and after s. me Debate 
thereon. It was moved and Seconded that a Commit: eo may l)e 
appointed to make Encjuiry whether the Town have a right to open 
a Passage way as propos'd and erect a Bridge there without preju- 
dicing the Abutters, that they Converse with tlie Abutters concern- 
ing it, compute the whole Expence that may attend the etfecting 
said Bridge Passage way (fcc". and Report the same at the pro- 
posed Adjournment of this Meeting. And it pass'd in the Altlr- 
mative, & Voted that the Selectmen be the Committee for tliose 
purposes. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants for paving tliat i)arl, of Cross 
Street that leads into Back Street was Read, and Voted that the 
Selectmen cause said Street t(\ be Pav'd provided the .Abutters pay 
their jn-opoi'tionable part as [437.] Usual, the same to be pav'd 
according to the direction of the Selectmen. 

The Article in the Warrant, Whether the Town will n)ake Ap- 
plication to the General Court for Relief as to their proportion of 
the Public Taxes, was taken into Consideiation, and afti r some 
Debate thereon, Voted that Benjamin Prat Thomas Greene Ricliard 
Dana James Boutineau Esq". Docf. William Clarke, John Powe 
John Ruddock and Royal Tyler Es(j". JVP. Oxeubridge Thacher, 
M^ Thomas Cushing, M''. Isaac Walker, M^ Nathaniel Betluuie 
M^ Samuel Adams and Andrew Oliver juu'. ^^sq^ l)e and tlicy 
hereby are appointed a Committee to make such Application to the 
General Court from time to time as they shall judge proper, in 



24 City Document No. 88. 

order to obtain Relief as to the proportion of the Public Taxes, 
and in the Name and Behalf of the Town to prefer any Petition or 
Petitions to the General Court as said Committee shall think ef- 
fectual for those purposes. 

The Town took into Consideration that Article in the Warrant 
viz'. What method can be taken for Regulating the quantity of 
Firewood brouglit into Town for sale by Land Carriage, and there- 
upon Voted that John Rowe Esq''. Cap'. William Tayler M"". 
Robert Auehmuty ]\P. Samuel Swift and M'. William Story be & 
they hereby are appointed a Committee to consider what Method 
they apprehend best for the Town to take for ascertaining the 
Measure & Quantity of Wood bro't to Town by Land Carriages, 
& Report their Opinion to the Town at the propos'd Adjournineut 
of this Meeting. 

Voted that Mess". William Fairfield Benjamin Dolbeare & 
Thomas Foster be & they hereby are Appointed a Committee to 
consider in what manner it will be best to repair, or to raise the 
Brick AV^all in the South Burial Place on the back of the Work- 
house & the Expence of doing the same, & Report their Opinion 
thereon at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

[437^.] Voted that the Sum of Seven Thousand Pounds be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for the 
Relief of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges, arising 
within the Town the Year ensuiug. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North Grammar 
Scliool for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M"'. John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar-School the ensuiug Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
to M^ Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common the Year ensuing, the same to be paid hiui 
quarterly and to Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid to M^ Zach". Hicks for his Salary as Master of tiic North 
wiitiug School the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly, and to 
Commence at the expiration of the last quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M'. Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen-Street for the ensuing Year, to be paid him 
quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
M'. John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the Writing School 
in Queen-Street [438.] The ensuing Year, to be paid him quar- 
terly and to Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid to M^ 
Nathaniel Gardner for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar- 



Boston Town Records, 1759. 25 

Sebool, the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly, &. to Com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd & paid to M''. 
Ei)1h"'. Laugdon for his Salary as Usher of the North Grammar 
School the ensuing Year, to be paid hira Quarterly, & to Com- 
mence at the expiration of the last (Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd & paid to M^ 
John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing Scliool in the 
Common the ensuing Year, to be i)aid him Qu:irtcrly, & to Com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allow'd & paid to M'. 
John Tileston for his Salary as Usher of the North writing School 
the ensuing Year, to be paid him quarterly, and to Conunence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
to AF. David Jeffries for his Services as Treasurer of the Town 
the Year |)ast, and for all his Expences in that Office. 

The Committee appointed the 14"'. March AI) 1758. to Audit 
the Aceompts of M^ Treasurer Jeffries, now report that they have 
attended that Service & find the same right cast and well vouch'd, 
in which he charges himself with Sundry Fines, Rents and other 
Incomes of the Town, also with the Tax of £(5000, all which 
amounts (including the ballance of the old Acco'.) to £7817, ,3,, 
4,,f. and the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors, by Drauglits made by the Selectmen 
amounting to £2856....18....9:i. and by Draughts made by 
the Overseers [439.] of the Poor, which contain the Cliarges of 
the Alms-house and Workhouse amounting to £1811, , 3, ,0^ 
which w(! have inspected in a ver}' particular manner by examin- 
ing every particular Voucher produced by the Overseers for the 
amount of that Sum, and every other branch of Pul)lic Charge, all 
amountiug to £7437, ,3, ,0,^ by which it appears that wiien all 
the Taxes Rents and Incomes of ihe Town are in, the ballance 
will be £380, ,0,, 4.^ which the said Treasurer is further to 
Accompt for, as appears by the Tryal ballance of said Accompt 
given in by said Committee and on File. Which Report and 
Accompt being Read, Voted that the same be, and hereby is Ac- 
cepted. 

Voted that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Tuesday 
the 12"\ of June next, at 9 o'Clock in tiie forenoon. 

June 12'^. 1759 — The Town mett accordnig to Adjourn- 
ment. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the sixteenth of May 
17')8 to Visit the Schools now made the following Report viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhal)itants of the Town of Bos- 
ton in Town Meeting Assembled May 15"^. 1759. — 

Pursuant to the Vote of the Town of Boston at their Meeting 
the sixteenth of May last desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
Schools and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 
should think proper, do now Report, 

lliat on the 28'^. da}' of June last we attended that Service ac- 
companied by the following Gentlemen viz*. 



26 City Document No. 88. 

His Excellency Governor Pownall 
His Honour Lieu'. Gov^ Hutchinson 
The Hon°. Jacob Wendell Esq^ 

Samuel Wells 

Samuel Waldo 

Andrew Oliver 

Stephen Sewall 

John Eiving Esq". 
The Geut°. the Kepresen^■'^^ of Boston 
The Gent", the Overseers of the Poor. 
The Rev^. D^ Joseph Sewail 

M'. Eben'' Pemberton 

M'. Sam'. Maiher 

M^ Andrew Eliot 

M^ Sam'. Cooper 

M^ Treas"". Gray 

Joshua Winslow Esq'. 

Eicliard Dana Ksq"". 

Stephen Greenleaf Esq'. 

Samuel Grant Esq^ 

M^ Thomas Hill 

M^ Treas^ Jeffries 

]\P. Samuel Adams 

]\P. Oxenbridge Thacher & 

M^ William Story 
And found in the South Grammar School there was 107 Scholars, 
ill the South Writing Scliool 230 Scholars, in the Writing School 
ill Queen street 23() Scholars, in the North Grannnar School 35 
Seholnrs, in the North Writing School 224 Scholars, all in very 
good Order. Read and Accepted and Voted that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be and they herel)y are desired to visit the Schools 
tills present Year, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them 
as they shall think proper. 

The Committee appointed the ITi"^ of May last to consider what 
Metliod can be taken for regulating the qnontily of Firewood brought 
into Town for Sale, bv Land Carriage, Reported, that they had 
duly considered the matters to them Referr'd, and that they are 
convinced that the Town has been greatly imposed upon in the 
purchase of Wood brought to Market by Land Carriage to the 
amount of several hundred jjounds lawful money yearl}' whicii Im- 
position daily increases to the great detriment of the Poor of the 
Town, and to prevent whicii it is their Opinion tliat application be 
made to the General Court that an Act be pass'd prohibiting the 
Sale of any Wood brought by Land-Carriage except it lie of the 
I'v'iiglh of four feet as is already provided by Law for Wood 
brouglit by Water, and to be subject to an Admeasurement 
by such [431.] Person or Persons as shall be appointed under 
Oath by the Town for that purpose. Which being Read, 
Voted, tliat the same be Accepted. Also Voted that John 
Rowe Esq^ Mess". William Tayler Robert Auchmuty Samuel 
Swift and William Story be, & they hereby are appointed a 
Comuiit'.ee to prelerr a Petition to the General Court, praying 



Boston Town Records, 1759. 27 

tliat a Law lua^' be poss'd for the several purposi'S iiieiitionccl 
ill the aforesaid Report. 

The Coimuittee appointed the 1;")"\ of INIay last to make KiKpiiry 
whither the Town have aright to open a Passage way on the 
Korth side of Faneuil-lJall Market into Union Street, and ereet a 
Bridge there without prcjudiee to the Abutters, & to converse with 
the Al)utters concerning it, & compute the whole Exigence that 
may attend the effecting said Bridge Passage way t^c". do now 
Report, That they have conferr'd with the Al)utters wlio strongly 
object to the same and urue that they have an exclusive right to 
the Dockage therein, but that they had not time thoroughly to 
discuse tlie merits of their said Claims, That they had also consid- 
ered what would l)c the Cost of building the proposed Bridge and 
lind it would be upwards of One hundred Pounds Lawful money 
besides the loss of the annual rent of the .Shop proposed to be 
dem(»lished and therefore they can't thiiil< it prudent in tlie Town 
at present to open the Passage-way or erect the Bridge in the 
manner proposed, wliich being Read, \^oted that the same lie and 
hereby is Acce[)ted. 

The Committee appointed the 15"^. day of Ma^' last to consider 
in what manner it will be best to repair or to raise tlie Brick-Wall 
in the South Burial place on the back of the Woik-house, and the 
Expence of doing the same, now Report, that they had considered 
the said Affair and find that tlie proprietors of the Tombs, l)y iheir 
(iraiit .'ire obliged to build nnd keep in Repair the Brick-Wall at 
the he;id of their Tombs, almost all of which are now very much 
out cf Repair, that when they have repaired them, the Committee 
are of Opinion that if the Town raise the Wall four f;'c't nine 
inches higher, one hundred and four feet in length, it will [4.*>*i.] 
Answer the proposed design, the Cost whereof will lie about 
Thirty live Pounds Lawful money, which being Read and consid- 
ered of. Voted that said Report be not accepted. And after some 
debate Voted that the Selectmen for the time being be ami they 
hereby are desired to take such JMcthods as they shall judge [)roi)er 
to cause the Proprietors of such Tombs as are out of lepair from 
time to time to repair the Brick-Walls belonging to the Toml)s in 
said lUirial place according to the Conditions of the Giants made 
when liberty was given for electing said Tombs. 

The Committee appointed the twelfth day of iNIareh last to con- 
sider the Article in the Warrant for widening Ann-Strert and 
rei)airing the Pavement there, whether it will not be more conven- 
ient for the Town to have said Street widened, the manner of 
doing it, and what is necessary for the Town to do in order to 
elfect the same, now Report as their Opinion that it will l)e most 
convenient for the Town the said Street shou'd be widened, and 
that the Front of the House belonging to the Heirs of 'M'. .Jere- 
miah Allen be moved back from the Street at the Northerly end 
three feet eight inches and that from from thence a line l>e run 
South, part Westerly so as to cut off the front of s.-iid house eight 
feet at the extreme part of the Southerly end, and that the Select- 
men be impowered to draw on the Treasury for a Sum not exceed- 
ing forty pounds to him or them who shall effect the same provided 



28 City Docibient No. 88. 

it be done in such way and manner as they shall approbate, and 
that the Town be at no further Charge respecting tliis removal. 
As to paving the said Street the Committee are further of Opinion 
tliat it be left to the discretion of the Selectmen which Report was 
Read, and thereui)on 

[433.] Voted that the same be and hereby is Accepted. 

Also voted that the Selectmen for the time being be and they 
hereby are directed and impowered to give a Draft on the Town 
Treasurer for a sum not exceeding Forty pounds to such Person 
or Persons to whom the same shall l>e due when said Street shall 
be widened in the manner mentioned in the Report aforesaid, and 
that the Town be at no further Charge respecting the same, and 
that the paving said Street be left to the discretion of said Select- 
men. 

The Article in the Warrant viz' Whether the Town will take at 
their risque such Tickets in Boston Lottery N°. seven, as may re- 
main unsold on the day that shall be fixed by the Managers for 
drawing it." was taken into Consideration, And thereupon Voted 
that the Town will take at their risque said Ticketts accordingly. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby is given to 
the Moderator of this Meeting for transacting tlie Buisness thereof. 

Voted that all Matters & Things that are unfinished at this Meet- 
ing be & hereby are referr'd over to the Meeting called this day 
by a new Wairant to be then Acted upon. 

And then this Meeting was dismiss'd. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Public Town Meet- 
ing Assem))led at Faneuil-Hall on Tuesdav the Twelfth dav of 
June AD IToO 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Precept for choosing one Representative in the room of the 
Hon"'". Thomas Hubbard Esq'. Read. 

[434.] The Freeholders and other Inhabitants pursuant to 
said Precept proceeded to the choice of one Representative and 
brought in their Votes and upon Sorting and Counting 'era it 
appeared that Royall Tyler Esq^ was chose, which being declared, 

The Town chose John Phillips Esq^ for the Moderator of the 
Meeting to transact the other Buisness mentioned in the Warrant. 

Voted that the Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'clock in the After- 
noon. 

June 12"' 1759. Three ©'Clock P.M. The Town mett. 

The Article in the Warrant for considering of some Method to 
prevent the Engrossing of Hay brought i)y Water Carriage was 
debated, & Voted that said Article be dismiss'd. 

The Article in the Warrant viz', whether it will not be for the 
Interest of the Town to shut up Faneuil-Hall Markett for such a 
time as may be thought proper, was considered, and after a con- 
siderable Debate thereon. Voted that Faneuil-Hall Markett be 
shut up for the space of six Months from this day. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. To determine whether such of 
the Inhabitants as do not give in to the Assessors a Valuation of 



Boston To^vn Records, 1759. 29 

their Estates, shall be Abated any part of the Tax Assess'd 'em, 
was taken into Consideration, and tiiereupon It was Voted, that 
the Assessors l^e & they lierel)y are directed not to abate any part 
of the Tax of sueh of the Inhabitants, as do not give or send in 
to them upon Oath a List or Valuation of their Kaleable Estates 
within the time said Assessors shall fix for brinu'ing in the same, 
exce[)t of sueh of the Inhal)itants as were not in the Province 
within the time limited by the Notification of the Assessors for 
doing it. Also Voted that this Order or V^ote shall not be con- 
strued to extend [435.] In such manner as to abridge the 
jmwer the Assessors have by the standing Law of the Province 
for releiving of Poor Persons in their Taxes. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " Whether the Town will re- 
consider their Vote pass'd in May last, for raising the Sum of 
Seven Thousand Pounds for defreying the Expences of the cur- 
rent year was Considered of, antl after some debate thereon, It 
was Voted that (uily the Sum of Four Thousand five hundred 
Pounds be rais'd by a Tax on the Freeholders and other InhaM- 
tants of tile Town for defreying the Expences of the current 3'ear, 
the Vote {)ass'd in May last notwithstanding. 

Voted that Five Pounds on the llinidred be and hereby is id- 
lowed to such Gentlemen as have or shall lend Money to the 
Town, the same to be deducted out of their Tax, and the Col- 
lectors are hereby ordered to discount after the rate of live p Cent 
to such persons, as shall lend any Sums of Money to the Town, 
out of their Tax when they receive the same. 

Then the Meeting was Dismissal. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally (jualifyed and warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil-Hall on Friday the 27"'. of July 
AD 175!». 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

John PhilliiJS Esq^ was chose Moderator. 

The Town |)roceeded to Act on the Petition of many Inhabitants 
praying that Faneuil-Hall MarUett [43(>.] May be open'd, and 
after a Considerable debate tliereon, It was moved & seconded, 
that a Question be put, viz'. Whether said Markett shall be now 
open'd, and that it be determined in the following manner viz', 
such of the Inhabitants as are for opening said Markett write Yea, 
and such as are not write Nay, and that the Votes be so received, 
and said Question being put, it pass'd in the AHirmative, there- 
u[)on the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes, & upon 
Sorting 'em it appeared there were 158 Yeas & 132 Nays, The 
Moderator then declared that by Vote Fancuil-IIall Markett is to 
be now open'd. 

The Town then Voted thai M'. Oxenbridge Tliacher John Rud- 
dock Esq"". Richard Dana Esq"". Cap'. Nathaniel Greenwood and 
Joshua Winslow Esq', be & they hereby are ;ipi)ointed a Com- 
mittee to consider what additional Rules and Orders, to those now 
in force may be necessary to be pass'd by the Town (or tlie better 
regulating Faueuil-IIall Markett, and reducing the exorbitant 



30 City Document No. 88. 

price of Provisions ; and said Committee are desired to make Re- 
port of their doings hereon at the intended Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday the third day 
of August next at ten o'Clock in the forenoon. 

Friday August the o^. 1759 The Town mett according to Ad- 
joui'iiraeiit. 

The Committee appointed the 27"\ of July last to Consider of 
further regulations for Faneuil-IIall Markett, Re|jort that they 
have ati ended that service and apprehend the principal cause a 
Market can be supposed to be, of the laising the price of Pro- 
visions arises from the too long continuance of it, and from the 
Maiketl People's being allowed to stay till one o'Clock and that if 
the Market were shut at eleven, it would be an advantage both to 
those who usually buy at the Markett, and those who depend on 
being supplyed at their own Houses. As the Sellers would sooner 
[437.] Talie up with the price offered by the one and sooner 
disperse to supply the other. But as the shutting the Markett- 
house only, wou'd rather increase the N usances of the People with 
their Teams and Horses on the outside of the house, and in cff ct 
continue the Market there it will be necessary to make it penal ft>r 
any to buy out of the Market hours in Dock Square. They h;ive 
therefore drawn a Bye-Law to take in these proposals which thvy 
herewith present, and as they are new, and therefore sliou'd be 
tried before they are fixed, the Law is drawn so as to be in force 
for four Months only, in which time their useful or contrary effect 
may be better determined. Which Report was Read and Accepted, 
and the Bye-Law referr'd too in said Report was Read several 
times, which is as follows. 

Fo7' the better Regulation of Faneuil-Hall Markett. 

It is Ordered and Voted that from and after the twenty first day 
of August current, and from thence for the space of four Months 
the Market of Faneuil-Hall shall be daily shut up at eleven o'Clock 
in the forenoon, and shnll not be open any more that day excepting 
on Saturdays in the Afternoon, and on other Afternoons preceed- 
ing days set apart by this Governmeut for religious Service. And 
that during that space of four Months no Inhabitant of this Town 
shall buy any Provisions out of these Markett hours in any part of 
Dock square, as described in these limits following, to wit, be- 
giuning at the Swing Bridge running thence to M'". Heuderson 
Inches Warehouse, from thence to the Corner house occupied by 
M^ Peter Minot, thence to the Corner house occupie<l by M^ 
Peace Cazneau, thence to the Dwelling house now improved by 
Mess". John & Jonathan Amory, thence to the Dwelling house of 
the Hon". Eliakim Hutchinson Esq'', thence to the [4.*J8.] Store 
improved by M'. Timothy Newell thence to the Corner of the 
Store improved by the Hon°. Thomas Hubbard Esq"", and from 
that Corner to the Swing Bridge aforesaid, unless the Buyer be an 
Inhabitant within those Limits. And every Inhabitant of this 
Town for each breach of this Law shall forfeit the Sum of five 



Boston Town Records, 1760. 31 

shillings, and if such Ruyor be a Son under Age or Servant, tlie 
penalt}^ shall be paid by his Parent or INIaster or Mistress. 

And after due Consideration thereof Voted that said Bye-Law 
be and hereby is pass'd, and tiiat the Town-Clerk prepare an 
Attested Copy of tlie same & present it to the Court of Sessions 
to be held at Boston on Tuesday the 14"'. of August instant for 
their Approbation and Allowance. 

Voted that the Selectmen be desired to appoint one or more 
Persons to observe all such as may bo guilty of the Breach of said 
Law and prosecute them for the same. 

Then the IMeeting was Dismissal. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legallv qualified and warned in Public Town 
IMeeting Assembled at Faneuil-IIall on Monday the tenth dav of 
March AD 17G0. 

Prayer was made by the Rev**. M\ Andrew Eliot. 

The Wanant for calling the Meeting . . Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

The lion'*'*. Thomas Hubbard Esq^ is chose Moderator of this 
fleeting, and took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills 
of Credit of tlie [439.] Governments of Connecticut New Hamp- 
shire & Rhode Island as required by the Act of the Province. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait was unanimously chose Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, and having taken the Oath rel". to his receiving and 
paying Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath of 
Oflice for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which were Admin- 
istred to him hj John Phillips Esq''. 

Sundry- Petitions Read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen and the 
Votes being brought in and Sorted it appeared that 
Joshua Henshaw Es(f . 
Joseph -Jackson Esq^ 
M^ Thomas Gushing 
M. Samuel Hewes 
M'. John Scollay 
M^ Benj" Austin & 
Andrew Oliver jun^ Esq'', 
were chose, and tliey took the oath relating to their receiving and 
paying in Bills of the other Governments as required by Law. 

-John Rowe ^^sq^ made a motion which was Seconded, That as 
his Excellency Governour Pownall is appointed by His jMajestv 
Governour of the Province of South Carolina, and his ExcellencV 
will soon leave this Province, that the 3Iind of the Town mav be 
known whether they will present an Address to his Excellencv to 
return him Thanks for the many great and im|)ortant Services he 
has done the Province during his Administration, Thereupon it 
was unanimously Voted that an Address be presented to his 
Excellency accordingly, and the Selectmen having prepared one, 
it was Read, and is in the Words following viz'. 

[440.] To his Excellency Thomas Pownall Esq'. Captain 
General Governour and Commander in Chief in and over His 



S2 City Document N'o. 88. 

Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New England, 
Vice Admiral of the same. 
May it please your Excellency, 

We the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town of Boston at 
our Annual Meeting Assembled beg leave with great respect and 
the sincerest good Wishes to Address your Excellency on your 
intended departure from us. 

While we Congratulate 3'our Excellency upon the repeated marks 
of our Sovereign's approbation & acceptance, your important 
services to His Majesty's Interest, and to this Province, at the 
same time permit us to assure you, that the People who enjoy the 
fruit of these Services are not insensible of them nor of their 
Obligations to j^our Excellency. 

Your unwearied attention to the Security and Welfare of this 
whole Community, your tender regard to our Civil & Religious 
liiglits, the singular Oeconomy which you have preserved in all 
Public Expences, and your Zealous Care that the People's Money 
should be employed for His Majesty's Real Service, and the 
People's benetit, the Patronage you have afforded to our Trade 
and Commerce, and tlie kind concern which you have always ex- 
pressed for the Interest of this Metropolis in all it's Branches 
demand our Warm & respectful acknowledgments and must leave 
in our minds a long and grateful Remembrance of your Adminis- 
tration Touch'd with this Retrospect may we be allowed to 

say that we cannot but regard with some mixture of regret that 
fresh token of the Royal Favour to your P^xcellency which so 
early removes you to another Pi'ovince. 

We ai'dently wisli your Excellency under the Care & Blessing 
of Heaven a ])rosperous Voyage and that your Talents may long 
continue to be employed with Honour and Success in the Service 
of His Majesty & ftn* the public Good. And thereupon it was 
unanimously Voted that the same be accepted, and that the Town 
Clerk prepare a fair [441.] Copy of the said Address, and that 
the II on'''^ Thomas Hubbard Esq', the Moderator of this Meeting, 
& the Gent°. the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to wait on his Excellency tlie Governour, and in the Name 
of the Town present said Address to him. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that, 

John Phillips Esq''. 

M-". Isaac Walker 

Ebenezer Storer Esq''. Excus'd. 

M'. John Barrat 

M^ John Tu<lor 

Royall Tyler Esq^ 

Thomas Flucker Esq''. 

M\ William Phillips 

James Pitts Esq''. Excus'd 

M'. Isaac Smith 

M"". Benj" Dolbeare 

Melatiah Bourn Esq"", 
were chose for the Year ensuing. 



Boston Town Records, 17(]0. 33 

Tlie Votos were brought in for a Town Treasurer and uijon 
reviewing 'em it api)eare(l that M'. David .leffries wms chos^o, nnd 
having tnken the Oath relating to his paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit of the neighbouring Governments look the Oath for the 
faithful discharge of his Duty. 

Voted that twelve persons be chose as Constables for the Year 
ensuing separate from the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted that any Person chose into the Oflice of a Constable for 
the ensuing Year be excus'd from Serving on his i)aying a Fine of 
Four Pounds. 

Voti'd that the Town proceed to the choice of twelve Constables 

'•nmediately and the Vote being in it [4-4^.] Api)eared that 

Mess''*. Augustus Hale .... 8 worn 

Nath'. Thayer .... Sworn 

Francis .Salmon .... Sworn 

■NV" Waite Wallis . . . Sworn 

John Rogers Sworn 

James Thomas .... Sworn 

John Lis well Sworn 

Samuel Briidlej' jun^ . . Sworn 
Abraham Howard . . . Sworn 
Joseph Ciendall .... Sworn 
Eliphalet Parker . . . Sworn 

John Mills Excus'd 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Clerk of Faneuil Ilall 
Market, and upon Sorting 'em it appeared that Abijah Adams was 
chose Clerk for the Year ensuing. 

Ebenezer Storer and James Pitts Esq", who are chose Over- 
seers of the Poor pray'd the Town will excuse them from any 
further attendance in that Oflice, Voted that they be Excus'd 
accordinply, Also Voted that tlie Thanks of the Town be and h('iel)y 
is given to said Ebenezer Storer and James Pitts Esq", for the 
good Services they have done the Town as Overseers of the Poor 
for some Years past. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Overseeis of 
the Poor in the room of Ebenezer Storer and James Pitts Esq ^ 
who are Excus'd and upon sorting 'em it api)earetl that 
M'. Samuel Dexter & 
AP. Jon*. Mason, were chose. 
The Article in the Warrant viz'. To know whether the Town 
will give Instructions to their Representatives to use theii' En- 
deavours at the next Meeting of the General Court that some 
proi)cr person be api)oiu'ed as an Agent for the Province at the 
Court of Great Britain to manage [443.] the many AlTairs of 
Importance relative to the Province that now are or may be there 
depending." was taken into Consideration, and thereupon it was 
Voted that INIess". Samuel Adams William Cooper Oxenbritlge 
Thacher John Phillips Esq', and Ntithanici (Jreenwood be and 
they hereby are api)ointed a Committee to consider what is best 
for the Town to do thereon, and Reiwrt the same to tlu; Town. 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants that the Assessors may be 
impowered to abate the Taxes of such of the Inhabitants as were 



34 



City Document No. 88. 



out of the Province, or had not setled their Books, and could not 
give in a List of their Rateable Estates to the Assessors within the 
tune Umited by the Vote in June last, provided they make it appear 
ti) said Assessors that they are Over-rated," was Read, and taken 
into Consideration & thereupon Voted that said Petition be dis- 
missed. 

Voted that, John Rowe Esq'. M'. William Phillips and Melatiah 
])Ourn Esq'', be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to 
examine the Accompts of the Managers of Boston Lotteries N°^. 
Seven Eight and Nine, and the}' are desired to make Report thereon 
to the Town at the Meeting in May next. 

Mess". Cornelius Thayer . . . Sworn 
Nathaniel Parker . . . Sworn 
Nathaniel Hurd .... 
Daniel Henchman . . . Sworn 
Neal M'^.Intire .... Sworn 
Thomas Downe .... Sworn 
Benj". Henderson . . . 
William Bowes .... Sworn 
James Jackson .... 
Oliver Wis wall .... Sworn 
Samuel Barrat & . . . Sworn 
Houghton Perkins . . . Sworn 
were chose Clerks of the M arket for the Year ensuing. 
[444.] Mess". William Nichols . . . 

William Welch .... Sworn 
Isaac Vergoose . . . Sworn 
Robert Ford .... Sworn 
Andrew Symmes . . . Sworn 
Clement Collins . . . Sworn 
William Paine .... 
Thomas Bailey .... 

Caleb Ray 

John Longley .... Sworn 
Nathaniel Wales & . . 
John Greenough . . . Sworn 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 
Mess'\ Aftar Stoddard 

Joseph Webb jun'. 
George Jeffries 
Andrew Hall 
Benjamin Edes 
John Brown 
John Forsyth 
Nath'. Thayer 
Edward Holiday 
Nich**. Gray 
Ebenezer Lowell & 
Henry Perkins 
were chose Scavingers for the Y"ear ensuing. 

Mess". Obadiah Low Sworn 

Story Dawes 



Boston Town Records, 17G0. 35 

Nath'. Wales 

William Moore 

Onesij)'. Tileston & 

Caleb Ray 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 

M\ John Gray 
was chose Surveyor of Ilenip for the Year ensuing. 
[445.] Mess". Nathaniel Gardner & 
Joseph Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for tlie Year ensuing. 

M\ John Ranstead was chose II ay ward for the Y'ear 
ensuing. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned 'till to Morrow Morning 
nine o' Clock in the forenoon. 

Tuesday Morning nine o'Clock the Town met according to Ad- 
jourmeut. 

John Pliillips Esq^ 

Joseph Jackson Esq' 

John Rowe Esq^ 

M^ John ScoUay 

Royal Tyler Esq'. 

Cap'. Newman Greenough 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

M'. Joseph Jackson 

M'. Samuel Austin 

M'. William Cooper 

Cap'. Hopestill Foster 

M'. John Mico Wendell 
were chose Firewards for the Year ensuing. 

David Greenleafe . . . Sworn 
Mess". William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benjamin Church 

Joseph Bradford 

William Torrey & 

Jonathan Brown 
were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Cornelius Thayer Sworn 

Robert Ilewes Sworn 

Adiuo Paddock & 

Jon". Blake Sworn 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
[446.] Mess''". John Ranstead 

John Gill 

John Cooper & 

Thomas Palfrey 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Nothing done thereon. In margin. [Tything-Men.] 
Mess". David Spear 

Benjamin Barnard Sworn. 

Natiian Spear 



36 City Document No. 88. 

Robert Treat 

John Ask'iDS 

Edward Cowell 

ISaniuel Haruard 

Josbua Pico 

John iJobbs 

John Helyer 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmeu. In margin. [Surveyors of Highways.] 
Voted that the Sum of nine pence on the pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as sliall be chose Collectors ot Taxes 
for the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the 
whole Sum they are obliged to pay him witliin four Months from 
the time they receive the Tax l>ooks from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three Mouths after, and also pay into the Prov- 
ince and County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sum they 
shall be obliged to pay them respectively in Seven Mouths from 
the time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as 
aforesaid, and the other half part in five Months after ; and in 
Case either of said Collectors shall fail paying, in tlie manner as 
aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the 
aforesaid Allowance of nine pence on the pound but wholly forfeit 
the same, provided [447.] Also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen 
for the faithful discharge of their Duty in said Office, and comply- 
ing with this Vote. 

Mess". John Ruddock Esq'. 
M^ Johu Grant 
?.P. Jonathan Payson 
M^ Samuel Adams, 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing. 

The Committee appointed 3'esterday to consider whether it is 
best for the Town to give Instructions to their Representatives to 
use their Endeavours at the next Meeting of the General CVurt 
that some proper Person be appointed as an Agent for tJie Province 
at the Court of Great Britain to m:inage the many Affairs of Im- 
portance relative to the Province, that now are or may be there 
depending, Report, 

That inasmuch as the General Assembly have so lately dismiss'd 
their Agent it would be jtremature for the Town positively to in- 
struct their Representatives to use their Endeavours at the next 

Meeting of the Court that another may be chosen But as it 

is highly probable, that the Court will in their own Wisdom judge 
it proper to enter into the Consideration of so important a mattsr, 
the Committee think it expedient that the Town should express 
their Mind to their Representatives relative to such a Choice 

and accordingly Report the following Draft. To M'. Johu 

Tyng Thomas Flueker Esq'. Benjamin Prat and Royal Tyler 
Esq""'. 

Gentlemen, 

When the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 



Boston Town Records, 1760. 37 

made choice of you to represent them in the General Assembly Ihey 
entrusted you with all their Power to Act in the Affairs of Govern- 
ment according to your best discretion, and altliA. the}' have no 
room to doubt but that you have consulted and will continue to 
consult [448.] the general Interest of the Province and of this 
Town so considerable a part of it; 3'et always reserving to them- 
selves the liberty of Communicating their yentin)ents to their Re- 
presentatives as they shall judge convenient, they take occasion at 
this their annual Town Meeting regularlv called to instruct you 
with regard to an Agency for the Province at the Court of Great 
Britain. 

When you consider how large a share of the Public IJurden is 
born b}' your Constituents n'ou will not wonder, that they are 
greatly Concerned that every prudent method may be taken to 
make it more light : And while they are sensible of the Imijortance 
of the many Affairs relative to the Province which are or may be 
depending at the Court of (n*eat Britain, they would strongly rec- 
onnnend it as a subject of your Eu((uiry whether suth Affairs may 
not be successfully Conducted there with less Expence than in time 
past. 

Should the General Court in their Wisdom think proper to enter 
into the Consideration of this matter, 3'our Constituents would ex- 
press to you their Opinion, That by appointing a Gentleman wlio re- 
sides at or near the City of London the heavy Charge of wholly sup- 
porting an Agent sent from this Province would be saved to 
the Peoi^le. 

Accordingly 3'ou are desired to use your best Endeavours that 
some such (ientleman may be chosen whose Integrity and Abilities 
are well known there, and who may cany an Intlueuce as well by 
his own Character Station and Connections as from the Kegard 
which may be ptvid to him as the Representative of a Province 

Nor do we suppose it will be ditlicult to lind such a Person, 

whose natural Attaciiments to our Religious as well as Civil Rights, 
togetlier with the C^ualilications before hinted at may recon)U)end 
him to your Conlideuce and choice. Which Report being Read 
and Considered of it is thereupon 

Voted that the same be and hereby is accepted, & the T(jwu 
Clerk is directed to give a fair Copy thereof to each of the Gentle- 
men tlie Representatives of the Town. 

[449.] The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treas- 
urer, and they were Sealed up by Constable Thomas to be liy him 
kept and returned to the next General Sessions of the Peace to be 
held for this County. 

The Selectmen's Re|)ort on the Acco'. of ]\P. .Tolm Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary tor the Year past as Enteretl in his Uook 
(and on File in the Town Clerk's Oflice) Read and \'oted that the 
same be Accepted, and that ]\P. Fenno be accountable to the 
Town for 40 Bushels of Rye & 20 Bushels of Indian Corn remain- 
ing unsold am'\ to £12,, 5,, 4, and also for the Sum of CITS,, 
15,, Hi Cash now in his haiuls. exclusive of the Sum of .£2(>,, 
l;3,, 4 for his Salary and Assistance, as Charged in his Account 
which is hereby allowed him. 



38 City Document No. 88. 

Joseijh JacksoQ Esq^ M^ Johu Scollay & M'. Timothy Newell 
are chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary, respecting the quantities of Grain to be Sold, and 
(Setting the prict; thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
require. 

The Committee appointed the 12"". of March last to Audit the 
Accompts of j\T. Treasurer Jeffries now Report That they have 
attended that Service, and find the same right cast and well 
vouch'd, in which he chai-ges himself with Sundry Fines R iuts and 
other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of £4500 all 
which amount (including the ballance of the old account) to 
£.j.j;J3,, 7., IJ. And the said Treasurer discharges himself i)y 
sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made by the 
Selectmen amounting to £2710,, 3,, A^. of which he lias paid 
£21 IS., 12,, 9i. and by Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor 
wliich contain the Charges of the Alms-llouse and Work-house 
am", to £l!}71., G,, 9 of whicli he has paid £1460,, 4,, Of. 

[450.] The said Committee having inspected said Drafts 
containing the Charges of tlie Aims-House and Work-House in a 
very particular manner by Examining everj' Voucher produced by 
tlie Overseers for the amount of their said Drafts and every 
other Branch of Public Charge all amounting to £0235,, 16,, 6. as 
<fp Acco' of Town Treasury in the said 'IVeasurer's Hooks, Bal- 
lance whereof being £702,, 9,, 4f. is carried to the Debit of new 
Account. Which Report & Accompt being Read, Voted that the 
same be and hereby is accepted. 

Voted tiiat John Rowe Esq'. INT. Will'" Story M'. Samuel 
Waterhouse M'. Thomas Gray & M'. Samuel Phillips Savage, be 
and lieri'by are appointed a Committee to audit the Accompts of 
M'. Treasurer Jellries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers of 
the Poor and tlie Committee are desired and impowred to inspect 
every particular Account of the Monies expended for the use of 
the Alms-llouse, they are also impowered when they shall audit " 
said Accompts to allow to said Overseers or such of them as shall 
advance Monies for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums from the time advanced 'till they shall audit s**. Accompts. 

The Committee to wait on his Excellency Governour Pownall 
with the Address of the Town to him. Report, that they have so 
d.ne and that his Excellency was pleas 'd to give the following 
Answer Viz'. 
M'. Moderator & Gentlemen, 

I receive this kind and very affectionate Address of the Town 
in that high Esteem which I have alway held the respectible from 
whom it comes, and I desire you to make known my thanks for it. 

The Inhabitants of this Capitol zealously' regarding the King's 
Service and the People's Interest as one and the same thing, and 
Tiearing testimony that these have been united under my Adminis- 
tration, do mo the most effectual honour, for His Majesty never 
[451.] thinks his Service so well conducted as when it truly 
serves the Interest of his People. 

Wherever the King commands m}' Services there it must be my 



Boston Town Records, 17G0. 39 

duty and honour to Serve. But tho' my Civil Connections with 
this Community determine by my present Destination, yet my At- 
tuehment to it will ever remain invariable, and my gratitmie 
towards it will ever be an indispensable Duty, and if ever 1 shall 
be in any Siuiation wherein 1 may be useful to the Civil Religious 
or Commercial Interests of this Town it will alway be my study 
how 1 can best Serve it, and my happiness to be able to Serve 

it. POWNALL. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are impowered to 
sit on every Thursday from this time untill the last Thursday of 
April next inclusive, & no longer for making an Abatement of the 
Taxes of such Persons as they shall juilge reasonable, saving that 
they have liberty to sit the two last Weeks in Nov^ next to abate 
(if they see cause) the Taxes of all such Persons as shall ai)pear 
to them to have been out of the Province, and so could not have 
made Ap[)licatiou to them for an Abatement by said last Thursday 
in April, and also that they may then abate the Taxes of sucli 
l^ersons as may have dyed Insolvent or become Bankrupts between 
«aid last Thursday in April and last of November. 

Voted that such Gentlemen as shall lend any Monies to the Town 
for the use of the Aims-House be and hereby are allowed at and 
after the rate of five per Cent for such Sums as they shall lend the 
same to be deducted out of their Tax, and the Collectors are hereby 
ortlered to discount the same out of their Tax when they shall 
receive it. 

Voted that the Selectmen be and they [45'^.] are hereby desired 
to take eveiy Method in their Power to reduce the great iS"uuiI)er 
of Licenc'd Houses, and that when any Licenc'd Persons remove 
or die, that they do not Licence them or others in their Room but 
when they shall judge it to be of absolute necessity and ci>u- 
veuience. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. "To determine what is neces- 
sary to be further done for witiening Ann Street," was considered 
of and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to 
Treat with the Persons Intrested in the House belonging to tho 
Estate of M"". Jeremiah Allen deceased, or the Guardians of such 
as are Minors, what they expect to have for so much thereof as is 
necessary to be taken down for widening said Street, and also 
Consider whether any further Application is necessary to be made 
to the General Court for effecting the same, and Report their 
doings hereon at the General Town Meeting in May next. 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain undiiished at this 
Meeting be and hereby is referr'd over to the General Town Meet- 
ing in May next, to be then Considered of and Acted upon. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to the Hon"'". Thomas Hubbard Esq^ the Moderator of 
this Meeting for transacting the Buisness thereof. 

Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[453.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualitied and warned in Public 



40 City Docuivient No. 88. 

Towu Meeting Assembled at Fauueil-Hall on Tuesday the 13"^. 
day of May AD 1760. 

Prayer was made by the Rev*^. Samuel Cbeckley jun"". 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

Sundry Laws Read. 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq"", one of the Selectmen pro[)os'd in their 
Names to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or mure Persons to Represent them in the Great arid General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon AVednesday twenty 
eight day of May current, and in order thereto to consider and 
ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly, it 
was Voted to proceed to the Choice of four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be rec*^. 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 
clos'd at twelve o'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in, tlie Number of Voters were found 
to be 997, aud upon Sorting' em it appeared that the four following 
Gentlemen were chose viz'. 

The Hon'''*. Sanmel Welles Esq^ had G04 
Thomas Flucker Esq''. . G29 
Roval Tvler E^q^ . . 8G3 
John Phillips Esq^ . 928. 

The Choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhnbitauts were directed to withdraw and bring in 
their Votes for a [454.] Moderator of this Meeting, in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned 
in the Warrant, accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and bi'o't in 
their Votes, and upon Sorting 'em it appear'd that John Phillips 
Esq^ was chose. 

Then Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to three o'Clock in 
the Afternoon. 

Thiee o'Clock P.M. the Inhabitants Assembled. 

Voted that Mess". Oxenbridge Thacher Benj''. Kent and -James 
Otis Esq'", be aud they hereby are appointed a Committee to pre- 
pare an Answer to the Petition of the Town of Doichester lately 
preferr'd to the General Court, wherein they pray that this Town 
may obliged to pay a proportionalile (jart of the Charges they have 
been at in rebuilding a Bridge over Naponsit River near Jackson's 
Mills, and that said Bridge maybe established as a County Bridge, 
aud maintained by the County. And said Committee are desired 
to Sign said Answer and in the name of the Town give it in to the 
General Conrt at their nest Sessions. 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given for all Public Donations that have been made for the 
Relief of such Persons as suffered by the great Fire that hai)pened 
in Town the 20*. of March last, and also for all private Donations 
that have been made for the same purpose. And that this V^ote 
be made known by inserting it in all the Pulilic Prints. 

The Town proceeded to consider what Methods are best to be 

taken to prevent the Spreading of Fires, ami for the more speedy 

. extinguishing of 'em, also of securing Goods Merchandizes 

&c", aud [455.] thereupon Voted that the Gentlemen the Fire- 



Boston Town Records, 1760. 41 

wards of the Town bo and hereby are appointed a Comuiittcc to 
consider of this Affair and Report their Opinion what method is 
best for the Town to take for the purposes aforesaid, and Report 
the same to the Town. 

On the Aitiole in the Warrant viz'. " Whelhei- the Town will 
give directions that the Pump in tiie Well near Dock Square be 
Repaired, and how ihe Expences thereof be paid" Votinl that this 
Affair be left to the SeUctmeii to do therein wiiat thoy may tliinlc 
proi)er. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. To consider of the Petition of 
sundry InlKil)itants "that ihe Town would ajjply lo the Parliment 
of (Jreat Pritain for a Grant to be made for the Relief of such In- 
habitants as sulfered by the great Fire the 2o"'. of March last, and 
also to such of His Majesty's Subjects for further Relief as the 
Town may think proper," was proceeded upon, and t!iereu[)on Voted 
that Jolui Tliomlinson and William Bollan of London ICsq". be and 
they hereby are ap[)ointed Agents for this Town in order to make 
Ap[)lication at Home, in such way and manner as they may think 
proper for olitaining Relief for the poor distress'd Sufferers that 
were burnt out by the great Fire which happened in Town the 20"". 
of March last, 

Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to consider what 
directions may be proper to be given to the Tjwn A'jents in this 
Affair, & |)re[)are a suitable Letter to be sent to the Agents there- 
upon, and Report the same at the Adjournment of this Meeting. 

Voted that the Selectmen bo and hereliy are appointed a ("om- 
mittee to n)ake such Application to any of His Majesly's Sul)jecls 
on this Continent or in the West India Islands for further Relief 
as thoy may judge proper. 

[4:5(>.] Voted that the Gentlemen and Merchants in this 
Town be and they hereby are desired to write to theii' Correspond- 
ents abroad, and use their utmost Interest with them to afford 
some assistance towards making up the great Loss sustained by 
Fire in this Town the 20"^ of March last. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " To know the mind of the Town 
about clearing and opening the Streets and Lanes that have been 
or may i)e laid out in that part of the Town that has been lately 
demolished by Fire, and determine how the Charges arising thereby 
may be paid," was taken into Consideration and after a consider- 
able Debate thereon, it l)eing moved and seconded the following 
Question was put viz'. Whether the now Highway or Street that is 
pro|)osed l)y llie Commissioners to be laid out t!n-o' i)art of ]\P. 
John Wheal ley's House-Lot fronting King Street and to run Itack 
to the South-Kast near the House Lot of Benj". llalluwell \'ls(f. 
will be for the Interest and Convenience of the Town? \'oled in 
the Negative by a great Majority. Also Voted tliat the Selectmen 
be desired to inform the Commissioners of said \'ote pass'd. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. " Whether the Town will make 
Application to the General Court that the Taxes of such Iniiaiii- 
tants, as Avere burnt out, or that sustained Losses by tlie late Fire 
may be Abated, was Considered and thereupon \'oted that the 
Selectmen be and the}' hereb}' are appointed a Committee to malvC 



42 City Document No. 88. 

Application to the General Court for an Abatement of said Taxes 
accordingly. 

Tiie Article in the Warrant viz'. " Whether the Town will do 
anything towards repairing the South- Battery " was Considered, 
and thereupon Voted that the Selectmen be desired to fence in the 
Lands of the South Battery, and also P>rect a [457.] such a smntl 
Building as tliey may judge to be necessary for the Convenience of 
it and nothing more be at present done there. 

The Article in the Warrant viz'. "• What Method can be taken for 
obtaining Relief as to the number of French Neutrals lately ordered 
into Town by the General Court for Subsistance, and in what manner 
those of 'em that remain here shall be supported" was Considered 
of, but nothing done thereon, as the Town were Informed that each 
Town in the Province had their proportion of the French Neutrals 
to provide for, by order of the General Court, and that the Over- 
seers of this Town, must take the same Care of said French 
Neutrals ordered here as of other Poor. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Friday the 16"^. instant, 
at nine o'C lock in the forenoon. 

May 16"'. 17G0. The Town met at nine o'Clock in the forenoon 
according to Adjournment. 

Voti'd that the Sum of Four Thousand five hundred Pounds be 
rais'd by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within the Town for Relief 
of the Poor, and defreying other necessary Charges within the 
Town the ensuing Year. 

Voted that the Assessors be and they hereby are directed not to 
Abate any p:irt of the Tax of such of the InhaUtants as do not 
give or send in to them a List or Valuation of their Rateable 
Estates within the time said Assessors shall (ix lor bringing in the 
same, except of such of the Iuhal)itants as were not in the Province 
witliin the time limited by the Notification of the Assessors for 
doing it, Also Voted that this Order or Vote shall not be Con- 
strued to extend in such a manner as to abridge the Power the 
Assessors have by the st;inding Law of the Province for relieving 
of Poor Persons in their Taxes. 

[458.] Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M"". Peleg Wiswall for his Sahiry as Master of the North 
Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M^ -lolm Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Gramraar-School the ensuing Year the same to l)e ])aid 
him quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of thu last 
(Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
in) to M'. Al>ia Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing- 
School in the Common the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly and to Commence at the ex[)iration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M^ Zachariah Hicks for his Salary as Master of the 



Boston Town Records, 17G0. 43 

Nortli-Wriling School the cosuiug Yenr the same to ho [itiid Iiira 
quarterly & to Corninence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Suui of Eighty Pounds be allowed and i)aid 
unto M^ Samuel Ilolyoke for his Salary as a Muster of the 
Writing School in Queen Street the ensuing Year the same to be 
])aid hiui quarterly, & to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
]\P. .lohn Procter for his Salary as a Master of the Writing-School 
in Queen-Street the ensuing Year to be paid him quarterly, and to 
couimence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ James Lovel for his Salary as Usher in the South (Grammar 
School the ensuing Year, to be paid [451).] him quarterly and to 
Commence from the time he entered u|jon that Sv>rvice. 

Voted that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ P^jlu-aim Langdon for his Salary as Usher in the North (Gram- 
mar School the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly and to 
Connnence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
]\P. John Vinnl for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
Ihe Common the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly, and to 
Commence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ John Tileston for his Salary as Usher in the Nortlj Writing 
School the ensuing Year, to be paid him quartrly and to Commence 
at the Expiration of the last Quiirter. 

Voted tiiat the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allowed and i);iid 
unto M^ Peleg Wiswall IMaster of the North Grammar School, in 
Consideration of his faithful Services of his duty as IMaster of said 
School. 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M^ David Jeffries I'or his Services as Treasurer of the Town 
the Year past, and for all his Exi)ences in that Oflice. 

Voted that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
M\ Ahijah Adams for his Salary as Clerk of Faueuil-IIall Market 
tlie Year past. 

The Committee appointed the lo"*. ins', to consider wdiat direc- 
tions may be proper to be given to .Ioi)n Thomlinson and William 
Bollan Esq": Agents for [460.] the Town nml to prepare a 
suitable Letter to be sent 'em, now Report a Dr;ift of a Letter for 
that [)urpose which being Read and Amended, Voted that the 
same be Accepted, said Letter as amended being in the Words 
following viz' : 

Boston New England May IG"'. 1700. 
Gentlemen, 

We suppose you are not unacquainted with the grent Cahimity 
that has befallen this Metropolis, in tlie late Fire the '20"'. IMarch 
last. Avhich has reduced a great part of the Houses and Estates of 
the Town to ruin. 

The General Assembly of this Province mov'd with the sight of 
such distress have made humble Application to His Majesty on 



44 City Document No. 88. 

behalf of the Sufferers, and have desired his Excellency Governour 
Pownall who soon Embarks for England to present their Address 
to His Majesty upon this occasion, and to use his good Offices in 
obtaining the Relief pray'd for, and in remitting what shall be so 
obtained, but tho' the Town think that such an Application to His 
Majesty comes with much more Advantage from the Governour 
and both Houses of Assembly, than it would have done from them- 
selves, yet, so extensive is the Pamage sustained that the}' cannot 
forbear to entreat the Assistance and relief of their private Friends 
in Great Britain in behalf of the unhappy Sufferers : they have ac- 
cordingly Voted that ever}' Gentleman in Town be desired to use 
his Interest with his Correspondents for the purpose aforesaid, and 
further we are to acquaint you of the Choice the Town at their 
Meeting on the IS"*, instant made of you as their Agents toSollicit 
and make application in any way and manner you think proper 
upon this occasion, as also to receive any Donations that may be 
lodged in your hands in Consequence of a number of Letters wrote 
here by the Merchants in general to their several Correspondents 
in London and other parts of Great Britain to obtain relief for the 
many distre.^s'd Families amongst us some of whom from Affluent 
and many from easy Circumstances are by this sore Calamity re- 
duced to great straits and indigence, the Monies 3'ou may receive 
for this charitaWle purpose j^ou are desired to remit to the [461.] 
Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor of tlie Town of Boston. 

Your Characters leave us not the least room to doubt Your 
readiness to employ your good Offices upon this occasion we there- 
fore think it needless to say any thing to excite your Compassion 
being assured your Breasts have a tcjider feeling for the distress'd 
and are warm with every generous and benevolent Sentiment. 
We are, 

Gentlemen, 

In the Name & by order of the Town Your 
most Obecl'. hum : Servants. 
John Thomlinson & 
William Fjollan Esq^^. 

Voted that the Selectmen prepare fair Copies of said Letter 
Sign 'em in the Name of the Town and forward them to the 
Agents as soon as may be. 

The Committee appointed the tenth of March last to examine 
the Accounts of the Managers of Boston Lotteries N''^ Seven 
Eight and Nine, Report that they have attended that Service, and 
find them right, and that the said Accompts be allowed viz'. 

To Joshua Ilenshaw Esq'' £ 40 " 16 

Joseph Jackson Esq'' 40 " 7 

M^ Thomas Gushing 41 " 5 

M^ Samuel 11 ewes 39 " 6 

M^ John Scollay 37''1 

M^ Bcnj\ Austin 39 " 12 

A nd^\ Oliver juu^ Esq'" 38 " M 

Which Report was Read, & Voted it be Accepted. 

The Committee appointed the 13"' ins', to consider what Methods 
arc best to be taken to prevent the spreading of Fires and for the 



Boston Town Records, 17G0. 45 

more speedy extinguishing of 'om, also for securing of Goods 
Merchandize S^c". in the time of Fire made the following Report viz'. 
f That for the future the Care and Inspection of the Engines be 
left to the Firewards, and that when and so often as they shall be 
found to want repair they take effectual Care to see it done, ac- 
cording to their best discretion, and [46Ji.] that the Accounts 
of Charges arising hereby be laid before the tSelectmen for tluir 
Approbation. 

That the Fire Hooks be immediately repair'd, and that tliere l)e 
two Hooks to each Engine and that white Hope be alllxt d to the 

Hooks That there be fifteen fathom of white Rope always 

kept in each Engine House for the more easy pulling down of 

Houses That there be two Axes provided for each Engine 

and affixed thereto. The Connnittee are further of Opinion th:it 
tliere be two Men added to each Company of Engine Men whose 
more immediate Duisness it shall be to take Care of the IJopes and 
Axes, and to do such duty therewith as the Fire- Wards shall 
direit, those two to be Excus'd from Town duty only. Voted that 
the same be Accepted. 

The Committee; appointed the lo"* of May last to Visit the Public 
Schools now Report as follows viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Hoston 
in Town Meeting Assembled May 13"'. 17G0. 

Pursuant to the Vote of the Town at their Meeting the 15"' of 
May last desiring the Selectmen to visit the Schools & invite such 
Gentlemen to accompany them as they shou'd think proper do now 
Report, That on the fourth day of July last we attended that 
Service accompanied bv the following Gent", viz'. 
The lIon'''« Samuel Welles ^ 

John Wheelwright & 
Thomas Hancock Esq". 
George Cradock Esq^ 
John Phillips Esq"'. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq\ 
Ebenezer Storer Esq^ 
Thomns Flucker Esq% 
Richard Clarke Esq', 
James Pitts Esq^ 
Sam'. Grant Esq'. 
James Otis F>sq'. 
Royal Tyler Esq'. 
Belcher Noyes Esq'. 
Melatiah Courn Esq'. 
The Rev'*. Doct'. Sewall 
M'. Byles 
M'. Eliot 
M'. Cooper 
M^ Isaac Walker 
M'. John Tudor 
M'. W". Phillips 
M'. Tho\ Hill 
M'. Benj\ Dolbeare 



46 City Document No. 88. 

M^ John Hamock 
M^ Tho'. Tyler 
M^ Oxen Thacher 
M^ David Jeffries 
M^ Alex^ Chamberlain 
M'. 8am'. Swift 
[463.] We found in the South Giammar School there were 
117 Scliolars, in the vSouth Writing School 220 Scholars, in the 
Writing School in Queen Street 22,') Scholars, in the North 
Gi'ammar School 83 Scholars, and in the North Writing School 
220 Scholars, all in very good Order. 

Voted tliat said Rei)ort be accepted, and the Selectmen are 
desired to visit said Schools the ensuing Year as usual, and they 
are desired to invite such Gentlemen to accompany them, as they 
may think proper. 

M"". Oseubridge Thacher mov'd that he may be Excused from 
being on the Committee appointed to draw an Answer to the 
Petition of the Town of Dorchester, relating to Rebuilding Nepon- 
sit Bridge. 

Voted that M"". Thacher be Excused accordingly, and that Ben- 
jamin Prat Esq^ be on said Committee in his Room 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
is given to John Phillips Esq^ the Moderator of this Meeting for 
transacting the Business thereof. 
Then the Meeting was Dismiss'd. 

[464.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualifyed and warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Monday 
the Ninth Day of March Anno Dora°. 17G1. 

Prayer was made by the Rev'^. D'. Sewall. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoyned to be read at thia Meeting, were ac- 
cordingly read. 

John Phillips Esq. was chosen Moderator of this TMeeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Conuecticut New Hampshire & Rhode 
Island iis required by the Act of the Province ; and the Meeting 
adjourned to the Rev''. M^ Cooper's Meeting House. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oath relating to his receiving and paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Goveriunents, took the Oath of Office, 
for the faithful discharge of his duty, which were adrainistred 
him by John Phillips Esq. 

Voted unanimously tliat the thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. for his faithfuU services 
many years past as Town Clerk. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appear'd that 

Joshua Henshaw Escj. . . . Excused 
Joseph Jackson Esq. . . . Excused 
Thomas Gushing Esq. 



Boston Town Records, 1761. 47 

[465.] Samuel Hews Esq. 
John Scollfiy Esq. 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
Andrew Oliver Jun''. Esq. . . Excused 
T^ere chosen, and Joshua Ilensliaw Esq. Joseph Jackson Esq. 
and Andrew Oliver Jr. Esq. desired to be excused, the other 
Gentlemen accepted, and took the Oath required by Law, re- 
specting the irrc'ceivinti and paying Bills of the other Governments. 
Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town, be and hereby 
are given unto Andrew Oliver Jun'. p]sq. for his faithfull service 
as Selectman for some Years past. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 

John I'hillips Esq. 

M'. Isaac Walker 

]VF. John Barratt 

Roy all Tyler Esq. 

Thomas Flucker P^sq. 

M'. William Phillips 

M''. Benjamin Dolbear 

M^ Isaac Smith 

Meletiah Bourne Esq. 

M'. Samuel Dexter 

M'. Jonathan Mason 

M^ Henry Bromfield 
were chosen for the ensuing year. 

Voted that the Petition relative to the INFarket be taken under 
consideration 4 O'Clock P M : and that the choice of County 
Treasurer and Register of Deeds &c*. for the County be ime- 
diately after. 

[4(>6.] Upon a motion made and seconded, it was unani- 
mously Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to M^ John Tudor, for his good services to the Town as 
an Overseer of the Poor for some years past. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
Bortiug them it appeard that — 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joseph Jackson P>sq. 

Thomas Flhcker Esq. 

Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Johan ScoUay Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq, 

Benjamin Austin Ksq. 

M^ John Bar rat 

M'. William Phillips 

M^ Samuel Dexter 

JM"". Samuel Phillips Savage 
were chosen for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasiu'er, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that ]\P. David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen, and having taken the Oath relating to his paying and 



4€ City Document No. 88. 

receiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath 
of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty which were admin- 
istred him by John Phillips Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Firewards and upon 
sorting them it appeared, that 

John Phillips Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John ScoUay Esq. 
[467.] Royal Tyler' Esq. 

Cap'. Newman Greenough 
M'. Samuel Austin 
Cap'. Solomon Davis 
M^ William Coof^er 
M^ John Mico Wendell 
M"". Joseph Jackson 
John Rowe Esq. 
]\P. Henderson Inches 
were chosen for the ensuing Year. 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to Rev**. D"". Sewalls 
Meeting House. 3 O'Clock in the Afternoon. 

3 O'clock Afternoon met according to adjournm'. Upon a 
motion made and seconded, the (juestion was put whether Col- 
lectors of Taxes shall be chosen seperate from Constal)k*s passed 
in the affirmative. 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing may be excused from serving on his paying the 

Sum of Four Pounds 

The clause in the Warrant relating to the repairing Faneuil 
Hall Market, purchasing the Lands adjoining, enlarging the 
Square around it, and filling up the Dock &°. came under consid- 
eration — whereupon after debate the question was put — whether 
it be the mind of the Town that Faneuil Hall Market be repair'd 

or rebuilt passed in the Negative. 

At the same time Voted, that the Selectmen be desir'd to take 
such Methods, as may be necessary for the security of the Walls 
of Faneuil H;ill Market. 

[468.] Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to take such 
steps as the Law directs for the widening the Street between 
Faneuil Hall Market, and Mess". Bromfields, Waterhouses and 
Gibbs Stoi'es. 

Voted that James Otis Esq. Ezckicl G old th wait and Thomas 
Green Esq. M". Isaac Smith and M'. John Avery be a Committee 
to confer with the Abuttors upon the Town Dock relative to the 

filling it up, and report at the next May Meeting. 

The Town l)rouuht in their Votes for a County Treasurer, which 
were received and sealed up by Constable Thomas to be by him 
kept, and return'd to the next Court of the General Session of the 
Peace to be held for this County. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Register which 
were received and sealed up by Constable Thomas to be by him 
kept & return'd to the next Court of the General Session of the 
Peace to be held for this County. 



Boston Town Records, 1761. 41) 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for paving Ruwsons 
Lane was Read, and a motion made and seconded that Twenty live 

Pounds be allowed for that {)urix)se passed in the negative ; 

and then it was Voted that tlie Petition be dismissed. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for paving Bacon 
Street, was read and the (juestion then put, whetlier the pra^'er of 
the petition should be granted — passed in the negative. 

Voted, that the choice of Collectors shall come on to Morrow 10 
O'clock in the Forenoon. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to meet at the Town 
House, to Morrow Morning 'J O'Clock Forenoon. 

[409.] y O'clock A.M. Met according to adjournment 
and further adjourned to the Rev**. D^ Sewalls Meeting 
House. 

Voted, that the Town proceed imediately to the choice of twelve 
Constables, and the Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared 
that 



i>j.eHS . .a.ugu»Lus nuie . , 
Nathaniel Thayer 




oworu 
ditto 


Francis iSalmon . 




ditto 


James Thomas . 




ditto 


John Rogers 




ditto 


F^lisha Byles . 




ditto 


William Dorringlon 




ditto 


Samuel M^.Clure 




ditto 


Eliphalet Parker 




ditto 


Stephen Syms 




ditto 


John Weld . . . 




ditto 


John Crompston 




ditto 


were chosen for the ensuing Year . 




ditto 


TheTown brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Market, 


and upon sorting them it ap{)eard that 


Mess". Cornelius Thayer 


Daniel Parker 


Benjamin Henderson 


Nathaniel Hurd 


Daniel Henchman 


Oliver Wiswall 


Neale M'=. Intyre 


James Jackson 


William Bowes 


Houghton Perkins 


Thomas Fleet 


[470.] John Welch 


were chosen Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 


Mess". William Moore 


Joseph Russell 


Story Dawes 


Samuel May 


James Barnard 


Onesi[»horus Tilestone 


were chosen Fence Viewers for the Yeai 


ensui 


ng. 



50 CiTT Document No. 88. 

Mess". William Nichols 

Isaac Vergose 

Robert Ford 

Andrew Syms 

Clement Collins 

William Paine 

Thomas Bayley 

Caleb Ray 

John Langley 

Nathaniel Wales 

John Grenough 

James Ridgway 
were chosen Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensumg. 
Mess". Ebenezer Lowell 

Isaac Savage 

John Edwards 

Jonathan Adams 

Benjamin Fitch 

William Bowman 

Edward HoUyday 
[471.] Solomon Kneeland 

Benjamin Harrod 

Joseph Calf 

Samuel Smith 

After Stoddard 
were chosen Scavengers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". David Spear 

Samuel Barnard 

Nathan Spear 

Robert Treat 

Peter Cotta 

Samuel Treat 

Jonathan Jenkins 

John Haskins 

John Hyllier 

Joshua Pico 
were chosen CuUers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
M^ John Gray was chose Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess". Nathaniel Gardner 

Joseph Belknap 
were chosen informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M''. Tliomas Chapman 
was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing, but excused. 
Mess". Martin Gay 

David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

The Selectmen In margin. [Survey", of High Way] 
[472.] Mess". Cornelius Thayer 
Robert Hews 

Adiuo Paddock 

Jonathan Blake 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 



Boston Town Records, 1761. 51 

Mess". Clement Collins 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Cap'. Thomas Stoddard 

Loodore Cross 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, that the sense of the Town 
should be taken upon the following question viz'. Whether tiie Se- 
lectmen shall be allowed a discretionary power as to the payment 
of the Premium to the Town Collectors for the Collecting of Taxes 
in Years past, any former Vote to the contrary notwithstanding. 

passed in t!ie affirmative 

Voted that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is alli>wcil to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the wliole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four Mounths from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in three Months after, and also pay into the 
Province and County Treasuries one half part of the whole sum 
they shall be obliged to pay them respectively in seven Months 
from the time they shall receive the tax Books from the Assessors 
as aforesaid, and the other half part in five Months after; and in 
case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner 
aforesaid ; the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the 
aforesaid allowance of nine Pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit 
the [473.] Same, provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufficient surties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen 
for the faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and com- 
plying with this Vote. 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as to 
the payment of the Collectors Premiums for the ensuing Year, the 
above Vote notwithstanding. 

The Inhabitants l)r()ught in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

John Ruddock Esq. 

M^ Jonathan Payson 

M^ John Grant 

M^ Samuel Adams 
were chosen into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 

Mess". William Fairfield 

John Knecland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benjamin Church 

Joseph Bradford 

William Torrey 

Jonathan Brown 
were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

The Proposals of D^ Sylvester Gardner for Erecting an Inocu- 
lating Hospital were read, and after long debate the question was 
put, — Whether there be any Place within the limits of the Town, 



52 City Document No. 88. 

where such an Hospital can be Erected, consistent with the safety 

of the Inhabitants. passed in the negative. 

[474.] Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 O'Clock 
P.M: 

3 O'clock P.M : Met according to Adjournment. 
The Selectmen reported on the Account of M^ John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Account as entered 
in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was I'ead, 
whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted, and that M^ 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 1050 Bushels of Corn, and 

240 Bushels of Rye remaining unsold amounting to £223 and 

also for the sum of £263,, 15,, 2j| Cash now in his hands exclusive 
of the sum of twenty six Pounds thirteen shillings and four 
Pence for his Salary and Assistance, as charged in his Account, 
which is hereby allowed him. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. John ScollayEsq. and M^ Timothy Newell 
were chose purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impower'd to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quautitys of Grain to be sold, 
and affixing the price thereof from time to time as occasion shall 
require. 

Voted that John Rowe Esq. 

M^ AVilliam Story 

Cap'. John Leaveret 

M^ William Gray 

Cap'. William Tayler 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M^ Treasurer Jeffries and also the Accounts of the Over- 
seers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to inspect 
every particular Account of the Moneys expi-nded for the use of 
the Alms House, they are also impjwer'd when they shall Audit 
said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall advance 
Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on such Sums, from the 
time so advanced, till they shall have Audited said Account. 

[475<.] Voted, tliat the Assessors, be and are hereby directed 
& impowerd to set for the abatement of such taxes as they shall 
judge reasonable, on every Thursday, till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in Noveml)er, for the abatement of the taxes 
of such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above 
limited time by reason of their being out of the Province, at which 
time they are also allowed and impower'd to abate the Taxes of 
such Persons as may have died Insolvent or become Bankrupts, 
between the said last Thursday in April and the last Day of No- 
vember. 

Voted, that such of the Inhabitants as shall advance Moneys to 
the Town for the use of the Alms House, be and hereby are allowed 
at and after the Rate of Five p Cent upon such sums as they shall 
so advance, and tlie Collectors are hereby Order'd to discount those 
sums together with the allowance thereon out of the said Gentle- 
mens respective Taxes. 

The Town brought in their Votes for three Selectuien in the 



Boston Town Records, 1761. 53 

room of the three Gentlemen who had declined serving, and upon 
sorting them it appeard tliat only 
Mess". 8amuel Sewall 

Thomas Gray — excused 
were chosen, and M^ Thomas Gray for reasons mentioned were 
excused by the Town from serving in that Ofllce. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. and Joseph Jackson Esq. for 
their faithful services as Selectmen a number of Years past. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given to the Selectmen for the extraordinary care they have 
hitherto [476,] Taken to prevent the spreading of the small 

Pox 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Selectman, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd. that Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. was chosen, 

but for reasons mentioned was excused from serving 

Voted that the Selectmen with such Gentlemen as the}- shall 

think proper to invite, be a Committee to visit the Schools 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to act upon the List 

of Jurors 

Upon consideration of that clause in the Warrant relating to 
Ladders &c^. Voted, that 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a By Law, 
which shall oblige the Inhabitants to keep one Ladder at least at 

their several Dwelling Houses 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to continue their best en- 
deavours, to prevent the spreading of the Small I'ox 

A Letter of M^ Abiah Holbrook Master of the South Writing 
School, to the Selectmen, to be by them communicated to the Town 
was accordingly read, but in as much as the matter of said Letter, 
was not contain'd in the Warrant for calling this Meeting, M'. 
Holbrook had leave to withdraw it, and it was thereupon with- 
drawn 

A Motion made and seconded, that there be a Committee chose 
to consider of the best method for the repairs of Eaueuil Hall, 
and the [477.] Wayes and means for defreying the Charge of 

the same, and to Report at the adjournment of this Meeting 

whereupon 

James Otis Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Thomas Greene Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
M^ William Phillips 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M^ Samuel Hughes 
were appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to notify the Inhabitants 
of the time when the Committee appointed to consider of the repairs 
of Faneuil Hall & are to make theu' report 



54 City Document No. 88. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for two Selectmen, & 

upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". Samuel PhiUips Savage & 
Ezekiel Lewis 
were chosen into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

Uiion consideration of that Clause in the Warrant viz'. " Whether 
it will be necessary for the Town to make any further application to 
the General Court for relief under their present distressed Circum- 
stances" Jt was Voted, that the Committee of the Town rais'd in 

March 1757 to make such application to the General Court for 

relief &.(f. as they shall from time to time Judge expedient, be and 
hereby are desired to take this matter under their consideration, 
and make Application as they shall think proper 

A Motion made and seconded that a Committee may be chosen 
to draft a Petition, to be preferr'd to the General Court at their 
next [478.] Session, relative to the Incumbrances on Dock Square, 
and to Keport at the adjournment of this Meeting, whereupon 
James Otis Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
M'. William Story 
were appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

Voted, that the consideration of School Masters Salarys and all 
others Salarys be referred to May Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be iidjourned to Monday the 23''. Instant 
10 oClock A.M : then to meet at the Town House. 

At a Meeting of the Ereeholders & other Inhabitants of the 

Town of Boston by Adjournment March 23'*. 1761 10 o'Clock 

A.M. 

The Committee appointed to consider of the best method for the 
repairs of Faneuil Hall &"., and the ways and means for defreying 
thi! charge of the same, Reported — That they had considered the 
matter submitted, and are of opinion that it is for the interest of 
the Town to have Faneuil Hall repair'd, and that the best method 
of repairing- thesame is to have the Roof Slated, the Window Frames 
of Stone and the Ornaments with as little Wooden work as possible, 
and as to the ways and means of defreying the charges, they think 
it best to apply to the General Assembly for a Lottery. Which 
Report being read, and considerable debate had thereon, It was 

Voted, That the same be accepted — Also further Voted — 

That the Selectmen be & hereby are desired & irapower'd to prefer 
a Petition to the General Court, at their next Sessions, praying 
that tlie Hon'''*. Court would by an Act imi)Ower some suitable 
Persons to raise by wa}' of Lottery such a sum of Money as may 
be sufficient for the aforesaid purpose. 

[479.] Upon a Motion made and seconded 

Voted, that in as much as it will be necessary in order effectually 
to Repair Faneuil Hall, to Repair in some measure the lower part 
of said Buildings ; It is the Sense of the Town notwithstanding that 
the lower part shall not be improved as a Market, till the further 
Order and Determination of the Town. 

The Committee Appointed to draw up a By Law which shall 
oblige the Inhabitants to keep one Ladder at least at their several 



Boston Town Records, 1701. 55 

Dwelling Houses, Reported as their opinion that such a Law will 
prove fruitless, and that instead thereof it would be better for the 
'I'own to provide about Sixty good Ladders, to be distributed & 
deposit( d at convenient i)laces in the Town, and that it be recom- 
mended by the Town to tlie several Fire INIeetings to provide tliem- 
selves with such a number as they may tliink net;essary for their 
mutual safety, they also apprehend that about three to each Meet- 
ing, witli the Town IStoclv woidd answer all the ends desired. ■ 

which report was read and accepted — whereupon it was 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and heiel)y are desired and im- 
power'd to provide as many Ladders for the Town as with the 
present stock shall make up the nuinl)er Sixty. 

And whereas it would be for the better security of the Town, if 
the several Fire Societys would provide three Ladders each, to be 
lodged in such places as they shall Judge most convenient, there- 
fore. 

Voted, that such provision be recouuuended by the Selectmen. 

James Otis & Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. and M'. William Story 
being a Committee Appointed to draft a Petition to be prcfer'd to 
the General Court at their next Session relative to the Incum- 
brances in Dock Square, Reported the following Draft — 

Viz'. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

[480.] To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq. Cap'. Gen- 
eral & Governour in Chief of the Province aforesaid, to the 
Hon*"®. His Majestys Council and House of Representatives in 
Great & General Court Assembled the Day of March Anno Dom- 
ini 1761. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston — 
humbly sheweth 

That the standing of People with their Horses and Carts in and 
about Dock Square, and the Streets round the Market Place in 
said Town is a grievous Incumbrance to all the Inhabitants I'onnd 
said Square and is become a common and constant Nusance, and 
the lives and Limbs of the Subject, are thereby often endangered, 
aud frequent attempts have been made in the ordinary course of 
the common Law lor preventing the said Nusance, but without the 
desir'd effect, and the Petitioners apprehend it will be impossible 
to find a suitable remedy for the abuses aforesaid without the 
interposition of the Great and General Court, wherefm-e the Peti- 
tioners humbly Pra^-, that your Excellency and Honors would take 
this matter into consideration, and that a special act may be 
passed for preventing the said Nusance, and your Petitioners as in 
duty bound shall ever pray &". Which Draft was Read aud 
accepted, whereupon it was 

Voted, that the said Committee be and hereby are desired to 
present the same as soon as may be. 

The Town made choice of Edward Curtis for a Hay ward in the 
room of Thomas Chapman, who was excused from serving in that 
Office for reasons by him given 

A Motion was made and seconded — that whereas the Commit- 
tee appointed by the Town March 17o7 — to make such apphca- 



56 City Document No. 88. 

tion to the General Court for relief &e*. as they shall from time to 
time Judge expedient, and which then consisted of fifteen Persons, 
is [481.] Now by reason of deaths, and removals, reduced to 
the number of Eleven, the Town should therefore now proceed to 
fill up those vacancys, whei'cup it was 

Voted, that James Otis Esq. 

Ebeuezer Storer Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
M'. John Barratt 
be and hereby are added to the said Committee. 

Voted, that all Matters and things that remain unfinished, be 
and hereby are referred over to the Annual Town Meeting in May 

next, to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Phillips Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for transacting 
and dispatching the Business thereof. 
Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Tuliabitants of the Town 
of Boston, legally qualifyed and warned in publick Town Meeting 
Assembled at the Town House on Monday the 23*^. Day of March 
Anno Domini 17G1. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a Hand 
[4:85i.] Vote, and John Phillips Esq. was unanimously chosen 
Moderator, and took his Seat accordingly. 

A Letter of M'. Zachariah Hicks late Master of the North 
Writing School was read, and upon a Motion made ami seconded 
— The Thanks of the Town were Voted to the said M^ Hicks, for 
his faithful services as a School Master, a number of Years 
past 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, Praying that a Muster 
might be Appointed to the North Writing School in the room of 
M^ Hicks who had resign'd — was read. 

Also the Petitions of 'iVP. John Vinall, Usher of the South Writ- 
ing School ; and of M^ John Tilestone Usher of the North Writing 
School, each of them praying that he might be appointed to suc- 
ceed M'. Hicks as Master of the North AVriting School. 

Voted, that the Town proceed immediately to the choice of a 
Master for the North Writing School in the room of M"^. Hicks 
who had resign'd. 

The Town having brought in their Votes, upon sorting them it 
appeare<l, that the number of Voters were 405. and that M"'. John 
Tilestone was chosen Master of the North Writing School bj- a 
very great majority. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

[483.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston, legally qualifyed and Warned in 
Publick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Tuesday 
the 12'\ Day of May AD. 17G1. 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. Samuel Checkley Sen^ 



Boston To^vn Records, 17G1. 57 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting — Read. 

Sundry Laws R(^ad. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in tlieir 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great & General 
Court or Assembled to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 27 
Day of May Current, and in order thereto, to consider and ascer- 
tain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it was 
Voted to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the .Selectmen that no Votes will be received but 
such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 
closed at 12 °'Clock 

The Votes beiug brought in ; the number of Voters were found 
to be 334 — and upon sorting them it appeared that the Four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chosen .... Viz'. 
John Phillips Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 
Thomas Cushiug Esq. 

The choice of Representatives being over, and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and [484.] 
Bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the otlier affairs men I ioued 
in the Warrant; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and lirought 
in their Votes, and upon sorting tliem it appeared that John 
Phillips Esq. was chosen. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants for paving part of 
Purchase Street was read, and the further consideration referred 
to 4 ""Clock. P.M. 

The Consideration of the Report relative to the filling up the 
Dock to come on immediately after the Town has acted upon the 
Petition for paving Purchase Street 

Voted that this Meeting be adjourned to 3 °'Clock P: M: 

3 °'C lock P: M: The Town met according to Adjournment — 

The Committee appointed to examin the Accounts of David 
Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service, and find the 
same right cast and well vouch'd, in which he charges himself 
with sundry Fines, Rents and other Incomes of the Town, as also 
with th(! tax of £4500 — all which amount (including the balance 
of old Account) to £7047,, 9., 9.^ — And the said Treasurer dis- 
charges himself by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by 
Drafts made by the Selectmen amounting to £2750,, !),, 4.} of 
whish he has paid £1889,, 6,, 3,, and by Drafts made by the 
Overseers of the Poor which contain the charges of the Alms 
House amounting to £2155,, 11,, 11^ of which he has paid 
£1158, ,1., 3.} —amounting in all to £7851,, 1., 4i — 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, and have examined every Voucher produced by 
the Overseers for the amount of their Di-al'ts ; and every other 
branch [485.] Of publick Charge, all amount as above to 
£7851,, 1,, 4A as by Account of Town Treasury in the snid 
Treasurers Books Balance whereof beiug £803,, 11,, 7. is carried 



58 City Document No. 88. 

to the Debit of New Account — which Report and Account being 
read — Voted that the same be and hereb}' is accepted. 

Voted, "the Sura of Six thousand Pounds be raised by a Tax 
upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the I'oor and 
delVeyins; other necessary Charges arising within the Town the 
ensuing Year. 

Voted, that tlie Assessors be and they hereby are directed not 
to abate any part of the Tax of such of the Inliabitants as do not 
give or send into them, a List or Valuation of their Rateable 
Estates, within the time said Assessors shall fix for bringing in tiie 
same, except of such of the Inhabit;ints as were not in the Prov- 
ince within the time limitted by the Notification of the Assessor» 
for doing it; also that this Oi'der or Vote shall not be construed to 
extend in such a manner as to abridge the povver the Assessors 
have by the standing Law of the Province for relieving P(;ot- 
Persons in their T;ixos — Also Voted that tlie above Order be 
inserted in the Pnblick Prints 

The Petition of sundry Inhabilants for Paving part of Purchase 
Street was taken into consideration, whereupon it was Voted, that 
the Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawful Money be Granted the 
Prtitiouers upon condition that they Pave said Street in the manner 
proposed, to the appro'iation of the Selectmen. 

The Report of the Committee relative to the filling up the Town 
Dock, was again read and is as follows 

The Committee Appointed at the Annual Town Meeting in 
[480.] March last to confer with the Abnttors upon the 'I'own 
Dock relative to filling it, up, have conferred with them, and we 
are of opinion that it will be for the Interest of tlie Town to till up 
the Dock as far ns a streight line to be run from the Southwesterly 
Corner of M^ Joseph Tylers Shop to the Opposite sitle which will 
end a few feet East of the Place, whei*e the Towns Shops lately 
stood. We are also of Opinion the Fish Market, the Engine & 
Watch Houses had best be removed to some more convenient 
places. And as to that part of the Dock bi'tweeu said line and the 
Swing Bridge, we api)rehend ureat cost will arise to the Town by 
filling up the same, and that its being left open will be of great 
service in the case of Eire. After consideralile debate it was 

Voted, that the Report be accepted, and that the Selectmen be 
desired to see the same carryed into execution, and also to agree 
with some suitable Person or Persons for the digging one or more 
Wells, that in case of Eire in that part of the Town there may be 
a constant reservoir of Water for the supply of Engines &". 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty P<)und3 be allowed & paid unto 
M"". Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North Grainar 
Sehool, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expira'don of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and Twenty Ponnds be 
allowed and paid unto Mr. John Lovel tor his Salary as Master of 
the South Grainer School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Qnarterl}', and to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be allowed aud 



Boston Town Records, 1761. 59 

pa,kl unto M'. Abiah Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common tlie ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly, & to Commence at the Expiration of the last 
Qunrter. 

[487.] Voted, that the Sum of One Hundred Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid unto M^ John Tilestone for his Salary as Master 
of the Nortii Writing School the ensuing Year, the sinue to be 
paid him Quarterly, and to commence at the expiration of the hist 
Quarter. 

Voted, th;it the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M'. Samuel Ilolyoke for his Salary as a Master of the Writing 
School in Queen .Street, the ensuing Year, the same to be ])aid 
him Quarterly, and to Commence at the Expiration of tlie last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that tiie Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ John Procter, for his Salary as a Master of tlie Writing 
School in Queen Street, the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly, and to commence at tlie Expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Votc'l, th;it the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M"". James Lovcl for his Salary as Usiier in the Soutli Gram- 
niar School the ensuing Year, to be paid 1dm Quarterly and to 
Commence at the Expiiation of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
]\P. Eplu'aim Langdon Ibr liis Salary as Usher in the North Giam- 
mar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid liim Quarterly, 
and to Commence at the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & ]:»:dd to 
]\P. John Vina! for his Salary, as Usher of the Writing Sell' 101 in 
the Common the ensuing Year, to be paid him Quarterly, and to 
Commence at t'.ie Expiration of the last Quarter. 

[488.] Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid unto AP. John Tilestone, Master of the North 
Wri- School ftu' providing an Assistant, the Year ei suing, to 
be paid him Quarterly, and to Commence from the time said 
Assistant enter'd upon that Service. 

Voted, That the Sum of One Hundred Pounds, bo allowed and 
]iaid unto M''. David Jeffries for his Services as rreasiirer of the 
Town the Year {)ast. and for all his Expences in that Otiicc. 

Voted, that the Sum of Twenty Pounds be allowed and Paid to 
]\P. Abijah Adams, for his Salary as Clerk of Eaneifil Hall Mar- 
ket the Year past. 

U|ion Consitleration of that Clause in the Warrant — \'iz'. — 
" Whether the Town will take any measures for the Re|)airs of 
Faneuil Hall in consequence of the Lottery granted by the Gen- 
erid Court at their last Session for that piu'pose" — Voted that 
the Selectmen be desired to receive proposals from Masons Car- 
penteis &"=. for the Repairing Faneuil Hall, and to procure Sub- 
scriptions for defreying the Expence thereof upon Credit of an 
Act of the General Assembly at tiieir last Session for a Lottery 
for that purpose, and to Report at the Adjournment of this Meet- 
ing. 



60 City Document No. 88. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for an Overseer of the 
Poor in the room of Thomas Fkicker Esq. removed out of Town 
and upon sorting them it appeared that, 

M^ Joseph Gardner was chosen . . (sworn) 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Warden in the 
room of Thomas Flucker Esq. removed out of Town & upon sort- 
ing tliem it appear'd that 

]VP. John Avery was chosen . . . (sworn) 

[489.] Voted, that Royal Tyler & John Scollay E:sq. Mess : 
William Story, Benjamin Kent and Oxcubiidge Tliather be and 
hereby are are appointed a Committee to draft a By Law, which 
8hall oblige the Iniiabitants to sweep their Chimneys as often as 
is necessary ; and Report at the Adjournm'. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned till the 2^. Wednesday 
in June next 3 o'Clock P: M: to Meet at the Town House 

The Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, 
met by Adjournment at the Town House June 10 1761 — 3 °'Clock 
P.M. 

Adjourned to the Rev"*. Samuel Coopers Meeting House 

The Committee Appointed to Draft a By Law, which shall 
oblige the Inhabitants of the Town to sweep their Chimneys as 
often as may be necessary; Reported the following Draft — viz'. — 

For as much as the provision made in the By Law of this Town 
now in force for preventing the Chimneys being fired hath proved 
ineffectual to that purpose, and the Town is frequently alarmed 
and gre;itly endangered by such fires, to the end that this town 
may not hereafter be exposed to such Alarms & dangers. 

Jt is Ordered & Voted, tiiat from and after the first of August 
Anno Domini 1761 — every chimney in the town were fire is com- 
monly ke|jt, which can be swept, sliall be swept once at least in 
every three months on penalty of six shillings to be paid by every 
occupant of such chimney which shall not l)e thus swept. And 
the undertaker or undertakers for sweeping of [490.] Chimneys 
in this Town for the time being, are hereby directed and ordered 
to go to tlie several houses and Warehouses and shops in this town 
wherein are and shall be ciiimneys so improved, and warn the 
occupants thereof of this By Law, and al-o to keep fair and regular 
entries in a book of all chimneys by him or theiu swept, and the 
time of sweeping them, and who are the occupants of the houses, 
warehouses and shops wherein such chimneys are, which books 
shall be alwaAy's open to the selectmen and to the fircwards of the 
town : And the said undertak( r or undertakers are hereby further 
directed to pioseeute all persons who shall be guilty of the breach 
of this law, and in all such prosecutions the burden of proof shall 
be nndei'stood to ly on the occupant of the chimneys, and he shall 
be deemed the Occupant of the chimuey, who improved the same 
at the expiiation of three mouths, and in all such prosecutions the 
undertaker or undertakers aforesaid, shall be obliged to produce 
the Books aforesaid before the Justice before whom the trynl may 
be, and if the undertaker or undertakers aforesaid shall wittingly 
connive at the breach of this law or shall make a false entry of the 
sweeping of such chimneys or shall not enter in the said book the 



Boston Town Records, 1761. 61 

chimneys by him swept and the time thereof whereby an innocent 
person shall be exi)osed to prosecution such undertaker or 
undertakers for every such offence shall forfeit and pay the sum 
of ten shillings : All penaltys and forfeitures arising by this law 
shall he as the law directs to the poor of the town, and whosoever 
shall prosecute to effect any of the breaclies thereof, sludl be 
entitled to receive one half as much out of the treasury of this 
town to his own use as the offender shall be adjudged to pay to 
the use of the poor. It is further Ordered, and V^oted, that this 
law shall not be understood in any wise to repeal or make voitl the 
provisions of the By Laws of this town relating to this matter 
revised and published in the Year 1758. 

The Foregoing Order or IJy Law having been read [491.] 
Several times, — Voted, that the same be accepted, and that the 
Town Clerk piesent it (o the Court of General Sess'ons of the 
Peace next to be holden at Boston for the County of Suffolk, for 
their approliation. 

The Committee appointed to receive proposals for Repairing 
Fan( nil Hall <kc. reported the same, whereupon Voted, that the 
iSelcctm n be and hert'by are desired to agree imediately with tl)e 
several Tradesmen, for carrying on the Kei)airs of said Faneuil 
Hall, with all convenient dispatch. 

In consequence of a Motion made, that a Cellar might be dug 
under Faneuil Hall — Voted, that this matter be left to the Gentle- 
men Selectmen they to act as they may Judge proper. 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Phillips Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, for transacting 
and dispatching ihe Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was di solved. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholilers and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, legally qnalifyed and Warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assein!)led at the Town House on Wednesday the 10 Day 
of June Anno. 17G1 — 4 «'Cloek P.M. 

The AVnrrant for calling the Meeting Read. 

[493.] The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by 
a hand Vote, and John Phillips Ksq. was unanimously chosen 
IModerator and took his seat accordingly 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Rev"*. Samuel Coopers 
Meeting House 

The Town took into consideration that Clause in the Warrant 
viz'. — Whether they will be at the Charge of increasing the num- 
ber of Watchmen, and advancing their Wages, or enter into any 
other measure, for the better security of the Town ; and aft3r some 
debate it was Voted that Samuel Wells Fsq. M^ William Story, 
Thomas Green Esq. John Ruddock Esq. and M'. William Cooper, 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take this matter 
under their consideration, and to report their opinion at the Ad- 
journment. 

V'oted that Joseph Jacksoa and Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. be 
added to the above Committee. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to Wednesday next 3 



62 City Document No. 88. 

"'Clock P.M: to Meet at the Rcv"^. Samuel Coopers Meeting 
House and that printed notifications of said Adjournment bt 
issued. 

The Town met according to adjournment at Rev''. Samuel 
Coopers Meeting House .June 17 — 1761 . , . 3 "'Clock P.M: 

The Committee appointed the 10 Instant to consider what may 
be proper to be done rehitive to the Town Watch — Report, Tliat 
Ihc wages of the watchmen be rais'd from twenty four shillings to 
thirty shillings, by the month. That four suitable men be a])- 
pointcd by the selectmen for the lime being to each of the watch 
houses by the old north meeting house; at the head of the Town 
Dock ; by the Town house [493.] And at the South End. That 
two men be also appointed by the selectmen as aforesaid to watch 
in dock square, somewhere southward of the swing bridge, princi- 
pally to take caie of the Warehouses, where so large a part of the 
interest of the inhabitants is lodged. That one of each of the 
four fiist nientioned watches, be appointed by the said selectmen, 
the head or constable of the Watcli and be obliged at least once 
each week, and oftner if required to give an account to the 
Selectmen of their doings, and how they find the state of the 
town, and for that end that said head or constable kee|i a Journal 
of their doings and what they meet with in each night, and that as 
an encouragement each of said head, or constables, be paid three 
pounds by the month. 

The Committee also apprehend that a considerable penalty cor- 
poral or pecuniary be annexed or inflicled as a punishment on such 
as shall wound abuse or resist the watch. 

The Committee further Report their apprehension on that the 
only method to make this provision effectual, will be, that the 
town petition for liberty to bring in a bill to the gi'eat and general 
court to ratify an 1 establish it. And as it has been suggested 
that some of the watch after great abuse and disorders done and 
committed by evil minded persons against & before the said watch 
and when they tlie said watch have complained to tlie civil author- 
ity concerning the same, yet upon application to said watch and 
money given them by the otfenders, the said watch have ab- 
sconded and refused to give evidence or prosecute their complaint, 
the committee would therefore submit it, whether some clause 
should not be brought into the bill prohibiting such compositions, 
under a penalty to the watch or at least to him or them iraediately 
concerned, without the approbation of the selectmen first had and 
obtain d 

The above Report having been several times read, it was 
Voted, that the same be accepted: It was also further Voted 
[4i>4.] That Samuel Wells Esq. M^ William Story, Thomas 
Green Esq. John Ruddock Esq. M"". Vfilliam Cooper, Joseph 
Jackson & Joshua Henshaw Esq. be and hereby are aiipointed a 
Committee to prefer a petition to the great and genernl court at 
their present session humbly pmying liberty to bring in a bill to 
direct and impower the town to provide more effectually for their 
safety in the night. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



Boston Town Records, 1761. (J3 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qnalifycd and warned in publick Town 
IMecting Assembled ;it the Town House on Monday the 24"* Day 
of August Anno Domini 1761. 

The Wan ant for calling the Meeting .... read. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a Hand 
Vote, and John l'hi[lii)s Esq. was unanimously chosen Moderator 
and took his seat accordingly. 

The Committee lirst chosen in 17.37. to apply to the General 
Court relative to our heavy taxes Reported — That your Com- 
mittee first appointed the 14 Da}- of March Anno Domini 17r)7 — 
and continued with diverse alterations to this day to make appli- 
cation from time to time to the General Court relating to oim' 
heavy taxes esteem it their duty to inform the town of their doings, 
and of the present state of their solisitations. The Committee 
aforesaid have preferr'd diverse petitions to the court relating to 
this matter; have [495.] Frequently attended committees of the 
house appointed to iiear & consider tliem, and have back'd these 
pubhek i)etitions with the most assiduous solicitations to the Gen- 
tlemen concerned. 

Tiicy have the satisfaction to inform the town, that their 
hibours have not been all fruitless, the court have granted four 
years ago a loan of £;3r)00 — not to be demanded back, if we 
shonld by the next valuation ai)pear to be over taxed, and also in 
the year 1758. tiie house took off the sum of £950 — from the tax 
of Doston. Besides this as your committee constantly petitioned 
that a valuation might be taken of the province, their petitions oc- 
casioned the passing sundry bills for that purpose, tho' unhappily, 
they were suspended by after resolves. 

At length in January last as is well known, an act passed for 
taking such a valuation which went into effect: And while that 
matter was under consideration of the house, your committee had 
diverse meetings, and composed and sign'd one petition to the 
hon'''''. house which they left to the discretion of our representa- 
tives to offer or not as they should Judge expedient for the benefit 
of the Town. Our representatives of whoes assiduity attention 
and application to the business we can bear the most ample testi- 
mony thought it most expedient not to offer that petition. 

At last the house after many debates and votes fixed our jiro- 
portion of the pul)liek tax to be £112,, 18,, G in tiie thousand; 
this gave occasion to a new application of your committee' which 
we shall now explain and relate 

The latter end of the Year 1755, the general court passed ii 
resolve to this purpose, that each towns j)roportion of the tax for 
the Year 1756 and every other year till a valuation taken should be 
finally adjusted and settled by the next valuation. 

This resolve has been cited in almost all the petitions we pre- 
ferred, and as we constantly presumed that this towns i)roportion 
was greatly too high, we intimated that we expected a large sum 
[40(5.] Would api)ear due to us. When therefore the house 
had settled our proportion as last mentioned, your comn)ittee pre- 
ferred a petition to the court, humbly claiming the sum that 



Si City Document No. 88. 

appeared due to us by camparing this proportion with onr taxes 
the year 1756 — and every year since, copy of which we shall lay 
before the town. 

This petition is now depending being referred to the next session 
althougli (as your committee are informed) some doubt wns made 
in the house of our power to prefer such a petiliou. This is the 
present state of that affair which we conceived it our duty to hiy 
before the town, as it is particularly interesting to them, and at 
llie same time recommend to therh, that they would choose and 
impower some suitable persons to carry on this petition, antl to 
release for some proper equivalent this demand of the towns, if it 
shall then be .Judged most expedient for our interest. 

The above Report having been several times read it was unani- 
mously Voted, that the tbanks of the town be and hereby are 
given to the said committee for their great care and assiduity in 
pursuing the interest of the town, in their several applications to 
the general court relative to our heavy taxes. 

Voted, that Joshua Winslow Esq. be and hereby is appointed 
one of the Committee for making application to the general court 
with respi'ct to our heavy taxes, in the room of Ebenezer IStorer 
Esq. deceased. 

Voted, that John Phillips Esq. be and hereby is added to the 
above Committee. 

Voted, that the Committee aforesaid be and hereby are fully 
impower'd to make application to the general court at their next 
or an}' future session, relating to the petition preferred by them as 
mentioned in their report as also the demnnd this town lias for 
[497.1 Taxes paid more than their due proportion the year 175(3 
and since ; and that the said Committee be further impowerd on 
behrdf of the town to accept of such satisfaction for the demand 
aforesaid, as they shall Judge equally advantages to the town. 

The Petition of a number of the inhal)itants relative to filling 
up the Dock, directed to the selectmen, and by then) laid before 

the town, was read, and is as follows — viz'. 

To the Gentlemen the Selectmen of Boston 

It having been .Judged for some years past to be very necessary 
and convenient, th:it the dock on the north side of Eaneuil Ilall 
INIarket should be filled up, application has been several times 
made to the town for doing the same, and in march last a com- 
mittee was appointed to confer with the abuttors concerning it, 
who accordingly so did and reported the snme to the town & how 
far the al)uttcrs had agreed said dock should be filled up, which the 
town accepted and voted that said dock should be filled up, so far 
as was mentioned in the report, and desired the selectmen to cause 
the same to be done accordingly, and the selectmen are now doing 
it. Now Gentlemen we are informed that it was the opinion of 
said committee when they view'd said dock, and consiclercd the 
grvat advantages that would arise to the town, that it would be 
best that the whole thereof should be filled up, though they could 
not at that time prevail upon the abutters to consent fo the same, 
but as many of the inliabitants of the town seem to be sensible 
that it must be of great sei-vice and benefit and as they apprehend 



Boston Town Records, 17G2. 65 

no disadvantage to said proprietoi-s, and may be now easily done, 
we therefore desire gentlemen, yon would as soon as may be con- 
vene the inhabitants to take this matter into consideration, :ukI 
give such orders for filling up the dock, as may be Judged projier 
and necessary, allowing said aluittors, what may be supi)osetl to 
be an adequate consideration [498.] For any inconvenience it 
may be to them, we are, tSJ^. 

Considerable debate being had on the above proposal and re- 
quest, the Question was put, whether the prayer of the Petition 
should be granted p:issed in the negative 

The Petition of Mess". Bradford an<l Williams relative to a Fish 
House, was read, and after some debate tlie Question was put. 

whether the Frayer of the Petition should be granted passed 

in the ueg:!tive 

Voted, that the Tlianks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
John Phillips Esq. Moderator of this Meeting for transacting and 
dispatching the Business of it 

Th'cn the Meeting was dissolved. 

[490.] At a Meeting of the Freeholdei-s and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of r>08ton legally qualified and Warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assendiled at the Towh House on Monday the 
8"*. Day of March Anno Domini 17G2. 

Prayer wns made l>y the Rev*. D^ Chauncey. 

The Warrant tor calling the Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read. 

The lion'''*. Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
this Meeting and took the oath respecting his receiving and pay- 
ing Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut, New 
Hampshire and lihode Island, as required by the Act of the Prov- 
ince ; and the Meeting Adjournal to the Rev**. D'. Chaunceys 
Meeting House 

Widiam Cooper was unanimoussly chosen Town Clerk for the 
Year ensuing, and having taken tlie Oath relating to his receiving 
& paying Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oatli 
of Ollice for the faithfultlischarge of his duty, which were achnin- 
istred him by John J^hillips Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 
'J'homas Cushing Esq. 
Samuel Hews Esq. 
John ScoUay Esq. 
Benjamin Austin Esq. 
M". Samuel Scwall 
M^ Sanniel Pliillii)S vSavage 

[500.] Ezekiel Lewis Esq. 
weie chose Selectmen for the ensuing Ye;ir, and took the Oath re- 
quir'd by Law relating their receiving :ind paying Bills of Credit 
of the Neighl)Ouriug Governments 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 



68 City Document No. 88. 

John Phillips Esq. 

M". Isaac Walker 

John Bai rot Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

M"". Benjamin Dolbear 

M'. Isaac Smith 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

Samuel Dexter Esq. 

M"". Jonathan Mason 
• IVP. Henry liromfield 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Votes were Ijrouglit in for a Town Treasurer, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that M'. David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen, and having taken the Oath relating to liis paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the Neighbouring Governments, took the 
Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which were 
adminstred him by John Phillips Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer, which 
were received and sealed up by Constable Thayer, to be by him 
kept and returned to the next Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace to be held for this County. 

[501.] The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve 
Wardens and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Samuel Grant Esq. 

Richard Clark Esq. 

M'. John Tudor 

M'. Isaac Smith 

M'. David Jeffries 

M"'. Jonathan Mason 

M'. Henry Bromfield 

M'. Samuel Austin 
- . M'. William Greenleaf 

M'. Samuel Adams 

M^ Powers Mei iot 

M^ Henderson Inches 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a motion made and seconded — the question was put — 
Whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sepperate from Con- 
stat )les . . . passed in the Affirmative 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing, may be excused from serving, on his paying the 

Sum of Four Pounds 

The Town bix>ught in their Votes for twelve Constables, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". Natlianiel Thayer 

Francis Salmon 

John Rogers 

James Thomas 

John Wells 

Elisha Byles 



Boston Town Records, 1762. 67 

[503.] William Darrington 

Stephen Symras 

Joseph Shed 

P^liphalet Parker 

AusTiistus Hale 

Andrew Richie (Excused.) 

were chose for the Year ensuing. 

A Motion made and seconded that a Committee be appointed to 
prepare a Petition to be laid before the General Court, at their 
next Session, relative to the [)ernieious practize of forestalling liie 
Market, after debate had thereon it was Voted, that 

Samuel Wells Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 

Thomas Green Esq. 

M''. Oxenbridge Thacher 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant, viz'. — 
"That the Town will take such methods, as shall be Judged 
neeessaiy for the Incorporation of it" the question was put; 
Whether the Town would take any such steps — Passed in the 
Negative almost unanimously. 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound, be and here- 
by is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four months from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other 
half pait in three Months after, and also pay into the Province 
and [503.] County Treasuries one half pait of the whole Sum 
they shall be obliged to pay them respectively in Seven Months 
from the time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors 
as aforesaid, and the other half part in live Months after ; and in 
case any of said Collectors shall fail |)aying in the manner afore- 
said the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the aforesaid 
allowance of Nine Pence on the Pound, but wholly forfeit the 
same, provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond with 
sulHcient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the 
faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and complying with 

this Vote, 

Upon a Motion made and seconded that the Sense of the Town 
shoidd be taken ui)on the following Question — Viz'. — Whether 
the Selectmen shall be allowed a discretionary power as to the 
payment of the Premium to the Town Collectors, for the Collecting 
of Taxes in Years past, any former V^ote to the contrary notwith- 
standing Passed in the Affirmative 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 

Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared 

that, John Ruddock Esq. 

M^ Jonathan Payson 
M^ John Grant 
]\P. Samuel Adams 
were chose into that Office. 



68 City Document No. 88. 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as to 
the payment of the Collectors premiums for the ensuing Year, any 

former Vote notwithstanding. 

Voted, that such of the Inhabitants as shall advance [503.] 
Moneys to the Town for the use of the Alms-house on or before 
the 15"' of April next, be and hereby are allowed after the rate of 
Six per Cent upon such Sums as they shall so advance, said Mon- 
eys to be paid by the Collectors to the Overseers of the Poor, to 
be by them laid out in Provisions, Grain, and other Necessarys 
for the use aforesaid : And the Collectors are hereby Ordered and 
Impowered to discount those Sums together with the allowance 
thereon out of the said Gentlemans respective Taxes for the Year 
17G2. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, a*id 
upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess". William Fairfield 

John Kneeland 

Samuel Edwards 

Benjamin Church 

Joseph Bradford 

William Torrey 

Jonathan Brown 

were chose into that Office. 

It being suggested by James Otis Esq. one of the Town Repre- 
sentatives that in all probability the next Session of the General 
Court would be very short, the Town therefore Judged it prudent 
that the alorenamed Committee should defer laying the proposed 
Petition before the General Court to some future time, and there- 
fore Voted, that the said Committee be and hereby are desired to 

lieport said Petition to the Town at the next May Meeting 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz*.) 
" Whether a Committee shall be a[)pointed to audit the Accounts 
of the Managers of the Lotteries granted by the General Court for 

paving the Neck The Question was accordingly put 

[504.] Passed in the Negative 

That Clause in the Warrant relative to Repairing the High Way 
within the Fortilication being considered It was Voted, that the 
further consideration thereof be referr'd to ISIay Meeting, when 
the Selectmen are desired to la}- before the Town such Papers as 

relate to said business 

Voted, that the choice of Collectors for Taxes be referr'd to 4 

•"Clock. P: M: 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Fire-Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Scollay Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

Cap' Solomon Davis 

M\ William Cooper 

M^ Joseph Jackson 

John Rowe Esq. 



Boston Towtj Records, 1762. 69 

M'. John Mico Wendell 

M'. Henderson Inches 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

]\r. Samuel Austin 

were chose for the Year ensuing 

Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of tlieTown be and hereby 
are given to John Phillips Esq. for his faithful services as a Fire- 
ward many Years past 

Voted, that this Meeting l)e Adjourned to 3 "'Clock [505.] 

P: M: to meet at the Town House 

3 "Clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess". Christopher Clarke 

WiUiam Fallas 

Cornelius Thayer 

Henry Hill 

Daniel Parker 

Peter Boyer 

Edward Green 

Benjamin Henderson 

Samuel Fletcher » 

John Gill 

William Fisher 

Thomas Fleet 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Six Fence Viewers, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess". Caleb Ray 

Thomas Crafts 

Story Dawes 

William Moore 

Benjamin Eustis 

Ouesip. Tylestou Esq. 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Y^ear ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Surveyors of 
Boards, and upon sorting them it appear'd that — 
[506.] Mess". William Nichols 

Isaac Vergoose 

Robert Ford 

Henry Allen 

Jacob Thayer 

Clement Collins 

Andrew Symms 

John Grenough 

Caleb Ray 

John Langley 

Samuel May 

Nathaniel Wales 
were chose Surveyors of Boards for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Scavengers, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 



70 City Document No. 88. 

Mess". Samuel SoUien 
Thomas Hayes 
Benjamin Hodgden 
Jonathan Lee 
Joseph Calf 
- William Lowder 

After iStoddard 
Edward Carnes 
.- ' - William Sutten 

David Mason 
Edward HoUyday 
Joshua Blanchard 
were chose Scavinarers for the Year ensuing: — 



The Town brought in their Votes for ten Cullers of Staves, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 
[507.] Mess". David Spear 

Samuel Barnard 
Joshua Pico 
Samuel Treat 
Peter Cotta 
John Harskius 
Joseph Dyer 
Jonathan Jenkins 
Job Wheelwright 
Benjamin Salt 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

M^ Jolin Gray . . . was chosen Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess". Nathaniel Gardner 
Josepii Belknap 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 

M'. Edward Curtis 
was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Martin Gay 
David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that no Tanner, 
Shoemaker or Currier sliall be chose as Sealers of Leather. 
Mess". Adiuo Paddock 
Isaac Casncau 
Isaac Hawes 
Cornelius Thayer 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

[508.] The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyi-rs of the High Way for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for four Hogreeves, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that 

Mess". William Scott 

Samuel Dunkerfield 
Nathaniel Butt 
Nathaniel Bird 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

Joseph Jackson Esq. John Scollay Esq. and M^ Timothy Newell 



Boston Town Records, 17G2. 71 

were chose purchasors of Grain for the Ye;ir eusuing and Ihoy are 
desired and impowored to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary, respecting the quantitys ol Grain to be sold, and 
affixing the price thereof from time to time, as occasion shall 
require. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and are hereby impowered and 
directed to set for the abatement of such Taxes as Ihey shall Ju(l;;o 
reasonable, on every Thursday till the first Thursday in April in- 
clusive, and no longer, saving that they be allow'd to set the two 
last Weeks in November, for the abatement of the Taxes of su. h 
Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in the above liraitid 
time, by reason of their being out of the Piovince, at which time 
they are also allowed and imi)Ower'd to abate the Taxes of such 
Persons as may have died lusolventor become L>ankrui)ts, between 
the said last Thursda}' in April, and the last Day of jS'ovember. 

V^otcd, that the Selectmen with such Persons as they shall think 
proi)cr to invite, be a Committee to visit the Schools — 

[509.] Voted, that the Selectmen be and are henby desired to 
look into the Law relating Hogs, and to prepare a new By Law. to 
be laid before the Town next May Meeting, as also any other By- 
Laws that may be thought neces-^ary 

Voted, that the Sum of twelve Pence on the Pound, be and 
hereliy is allowed the Collectors of Taxas for Collecting the new 
Tax on Streets 

Voted, that the Bells at the Old North, Old Brick and M^ Byles's 
Meeting Houses be rang at i')'\ Clock in tlie Morning. 

Voted, tliat the consideration of Sclioolmaster's Snlarys and all 
other Salarys and Grants, be referred to next May Meeting 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to act upon the list of Jurors 

Voted, that John Rowe Esq. 
M"^. Thomas Gray 
William Story Esq. 
M"". Jonathan Williams 
John Leaveret Esq. 
be and they hereby are apiiointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M^ Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the s.iid Committee are enjoined to 
inspect every particular Account of the Mouys expentied for the 
use of the Alms house ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accounts, to allow such of the Overseers as shall 
advance Monys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums, Ironi the time so advanced, untill they shall have Audited 
said Accompts 

[510.] The Committee appointed the 10 of March last to 
Audit the Accounts of M'. Treasurer Jeffries, Repovt, that they 
have attended that service and find the same right cast and well 
vouch'd in which he charges himstlf with sundrv Fines, Rents 
and other Incomes of the Town, as also with the Tax of £<>OuO,, 
,, all which amount including the Balance of Old Ac- 
count to £GG5%, 13,, 11^ 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry abate- 



72 City Document No. 88. 

meuts made the Collectors ; by Drafts made by the Selectmen 
amounting to £3730,, 3,, 6 J of which he has paid £2558,, 10,, 7, 
and by Drafts made by the Overseers of tlie Poor which con- 
tain the Charges of the Almshouse amounting to £2104,, 5,, 0^ 
of which he has paid £911,, 5,, 10^ amounting in all to 
£817G„ 6., 14- 

The said Committee have inspected the said Drafts, in a very 
particular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by 
the Overseers lor the amount of their Drafts, and every oiher 
branch of publick Charge all amounting as above to the Sum of 
£8176,, G,, 1:| as by Account of Town Trcsury in tlie Town 
Treasurers Books balance whereof being £1523,, 12., 2 is cariiod 
to the D''. of new Account ; which Report and Account being 
read Voted, that the same be and hireby is accepted 

The Selectmen Report oa the Account of M^ John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, as entred in his Book 
(and on File in the Town Clerks Otiice) Read, and Voted, that 
the same be accepted, and that AF. Fenno be accountable to the 
Town for Two hundred and twelve bushels Corn remaining 
unsold amounting to £33,, IS,, 4i^ and also for the Sum of 
£433,, 14,, 8;!: Cash now in his hands exclusive of the Sum of 
£2G,, 13,, 4 for his Salary and assistance as charged in his Ac- 
count which is hereby allowed him. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant, Viz'. [511,] 
That a Committee be appointed to enquire what has been the oc- 
casion of the heavy Expcnces of the Tjwu for several Years past, 

and what steps are necessary to be taken to reduce the same. 

The Question was i)ut whether the Town would appoint such a 
Committee — passed in the negative. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which shall remain unfin- 
ished at this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the Gen- 
eral Town Meeting In Mav next, to be then considered of and 
acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Honourable Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator 
of this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[513.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders, and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally Qualified and Warned in 
publick Town Meeting Assembled at the Town House on Tuesday 
the 11"' Da}' of May Anno Domini 17G2 

Prayer was made by the Rev'' M"" Pemberton 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting-Read. 

Sundry Laws - - - Read. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be hold at Boston upon Wednesday the 2G 
Day of May Currant ; and in order thereto to consider and ascer- 



Boston Town Records, 1702. 73 

tain the number of Gentlemen to bo Elected aeeording.lj' it was 
Voted, to proceed to the choice of Four Hepresentatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 
closed at 12 o'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in the number of Voters were found 
to be Six hundred twenty nine, and upon sorting them it appoar'd 

that the four following Gentlemen were chose — Viz' 

Roval Tyler Esq. .... 009 Votes 

John Phillips Esq. - - - - 013 

James Otis Esq. 019 

Thomas Gushing 400 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared [513.] 
By the Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and 
bring in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in Older that 
the Town may proceed in transacting the other affairs mentioned 
in the Warrant; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in tiieir Votes, and upon sorting them it appear'd that the Hon- 
ourable Thomas IIu1)bard Esq. was chosen. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for Paving Long Lane 
was read, whereupon it was Voted, that the Sum of One hundred 
Pounds lawful Money be and hereby is granted the Petitioners 
upon conditi(jn that they Pave said Street in the maimer proposed, 
to the approbation of the Selectmen. 

The Petition of a number of the Masters of the Town Schools, 
setting forth, that they meet with great difficultys in obtaining 
payment of the several Salaries which the Town has been pleased 

to assign them that notwith«itanding a Vote formerly pas-^ed for 

their payment Quarterly, they having been to their great distress 
kept out of their pay from Year to Year, and for what they do 
receive at any time they are obliged to the friendship of particu- 
lar Gentlemen, who by the kind permission of the Gollectors, are 
willing to pay their Taxes into their hands, that your Petitioners 
have some of them nine some twelve and some eighteen Months 
Salary due to them — that they are informed that the greatest part 
of the Taxes Itelonging to the Town is already j)aid in or engaged 
to others, so that they have no prospect of any further payment 
till the new Taxes are issued, which tis probable will not be done 
till some time in the next Winter — that this delay of payment 
obliges them to purchase the neeessarys of life at a disadvantage 
[514.] Upon long Credit, or to become troubbsome to their 
friends by borrowing Money for their Supplys, not to mention the 
continual soUicitudc and anxiety which such dependant circum- 
stances necessarily create. — The same being read, and duly con- 
sidered, it appear'd to the Town that the" most likely method to 
answer the end proposed by the Petitioners must be the i-aising or 
borrowing a sum of Money suflficieut to defrey the common and 
extraordinary charges of the Year; it was therefore 

Voted, that the sura of Eight Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the 
Poor, and defreyiug other necessary Charges, arising within the 
Town the cnsuin2 Year 



74 City DocUxMekt Xo. 88. 

A Motion made aud seconded, that the Sense of tlie Town should 
be taken upon the following Question — Viz*. — Whether the 
Town has a right to determine at this Meeting, upon any new 
method for the more speed}' Collecting of the Moneys voted to be 
raised for defreying the necessary Kxponces, and Charges arising 
within the Town the ensuing Year — the Question being accord- 
ingly put passed in y" Affermative 

A Motion b:'ing made and seconded, the Question was put 

"Whether tlie Town Tax should be made out by the Assessors 
sepperate from the Province Tax — Passed in y^ Negative 

Voled, thit the Assessors be directed, that as soon as possible 
after they receive the Warrant for the County & Province lax, 
they make out the Assesraent, for raising the same togeiher with 
the Town Tax, 

[515.] Voted, that M^ David Jeffries Treasurer of the Town 
be and he hereby is directed and fully Impower'd to borrow upon 
Interest of any Person or Persons, a Sum not exceeding Fifteen 
hundred Pounds lawful Mony, for the payment of the School- 
Masters Salary's now due ; the Wages of the Watch, as also what 
may be owing to the Master of the Alms house ; the Money so 

borrowed to be repaid in twelve Months out of the £8000. 

now Voted to be raised by a Tax upon Polls aud Estates within 
this Town, and give his Bonds or Notes as Security for the pay- 
ment of the same with the Interest thereof, which Obligations the 
Town do hereby promise and engage to discharge as the same shall 
become due 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer he, and he hereby is directed 
and Im[)owered to allow the several School-masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the date of their Warrants to the time of 
payment. 

Voted, that M^ David .Teffries Trea'^urer of y*. Town be and he 
hereby is directed and Impowered to borrow upon Interest a Sum 
not exceeding Nine hundred Pounds, upon the terms and condi- 
tions exprest in the aforegoing Vote for borrowing of £1500 

which Sura of Nine hundred l^ounds is to be paid unto the Overseers 
of the Poor for the present su[)ply and Relief of the Alms House 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for an Oveiseer of tlie 
Poor, in the room of M^ Isaac Walker lately deceased, and upon 
sortini; them it appeard that 

M^ William Whitwell 
was chosen into that Office for the Year ensuing. 

[510.] The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Two As- 
sessors in the room of ISV. Samuel Edwnrds deceased, and M'. 
Joseph Bradford who has resign'd, and upon sorting them it ap- 
peard that, 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 
]\P. Samuel Downe 
were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing 

The Town made choice of M^ Samuel M^Clure for a Constable 
in the room of M''. Andrew Richie who was excused from serving 
for reasons by him offered. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 



Boston Town Records, 17G2. 75 

unto M^ Jobu Lovel for liis Salary aa Master of tlie South Gram- 
mar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter. 

V^oted, that tlje Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M'. Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
(.Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M^ Samuel Ilolyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year the same to b^; paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become; due and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

[517.] Voted, that the Sum of Onehundred Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M^ John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the 
AVriting Scliool in Queen Street, the ensuing Year, the same to ba 
l)aid him Quarterly as it shall l)ecome due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the hist Quarter 

Voti'd, that the Sum of Onehundred Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unlo M'. Abia Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds, be allow'd and 
paid unto AP. John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence at th.i expi- 
ration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allow'd and paid unto 
M'. James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Gi'ammar 
School for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and i)aid unto 
M^ Ephraim Langdon, for his Salary as Usher of the North 
Writing School the ensuing Year, the same to Iw. paid him Quar- 
terly, ;is it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed [518 ] And 
paid unto i\P. John Viual for his Salary as Usher of the Writing 
School in the Common the Year ensuing, the same to l)e paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M'. John Tdeston Master of the North Writing School, for 
providing an Assistant the Year ensuing the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall liecomedue and to commence at the expiratiou 
uf last Quarter. 

The Petition of M'. John Vinal, Usher of tlie South Writing 
School, praying that a further alhjwance may be made him. was 
taken into consideration, whereupon Voted, that the Sum of 



76 City Document No. 88. 

Thirty Pounds lawful Mony be allowed and paid out of the Town 
Treasury unto ]\P. John Vinal as a full consideration and recom- 
pcnce for his extraordinary services in times past 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M^ David Jeff ries for his ser- 
vices as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Ex- 
pences in that Office. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the "Warrant- -Viz'. 
'' Whether the Town will take any Measures for Rebuilding the 
Fortification Gates " 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to Enlarge Repair, or Re- 
build said Gates as may appear to them most convenient and ad- 
vantageous for the Town 

The Committee appointed the S"* of March last [519.] To 
draft a Petition to the General Court, relative to the pernicioua 
practise of Forestalling the Market, and to lay the same before 
the Town at this Meeting, being prevented doing it by reason of 

the sickness of their Chairman It was Voted that the said 

Committee Viz'. 

Samuel "Wells Esq. 
P^zekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Jamis Otis Esq. 
Thomas Green Esq. 
Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. 
be and hereby are desired and impowor'd to prepare such a Peti- 
tion, and present the same to the General Court at their next Ses- 
sion. 

The Selectmen appointed a Committee the 8"' of March last, to 
prepare a By-Law relative to Hogs ; Reported the following Draft. 
Viz'. 

It is Voted and Ordered 

That no Hog or Swine shall be suffered to go at large within the 
Bounds of the Town of Boston, saving in and upon the Land or 
inclosed Ground of or in possession of the Owner or keeper of 
such Swine (except also such Swine that are driving to Market) 
on pnin that such Owner or Keeper of such Hog or Swine shall 
forfeit and pay the Sura of ten Shillings for every Hog or Swine 
that shall be found going at large ( onti ary to this Order, or the 
full value thereof if not exceeding ten Shillings ; one half to him 
or them that shall seize and secure the same, the other half to the 
Poor of this Tuwn. Further it is hereby provided, that if it 
appear that the Owner or Keeper of such Hog or Swine be actually 
in pursuit of it or them, at and before the Seizure, then such 
Owner or Keeper shall have his Hog or Swine released to him by 
such Persons who by virtue of this Order had secured and seized 
the [530.] Same, he paying to such Soizer, Two Shillings, for 
every Hog so seized by liim ; and it shall and may be lawful for 
such Person or Persons that are chosen to the Office of Ilogrewes 
for the time being, or in their absence for any of tlie Inhabitants 
of this Town, to seize secure cr Impound any Hog or Swine going 
at large contrary to this Order, and upon his or their so doing 
shall make application to one of his Majesties Justices of the 



Boston Town Records, 17G2. 77 

Peace within this Town to Order an Apprnisomcnt Award and give 
Judgment according to the true int;'ntand meaning of this Order 

Voted, that tlie aforegoing Uy-Law and Order of the Town be 
presented to the Courtof (ienoral Sessions of the Teace to be held 
ut Boston wi:hin and for the County of Suffolk, for their Allow- 
ance and A[)probatiou 

The Selectmen presented the following Draft of a By Law rela- 
tive to Wood brought to Market in Carts, and Sleds - - Viz'. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston are greatly 
imposed upon with respect to ihe Admeasurement of Wood and 
Bark brt)u^ht to Market in Carts and Sleds, and there by great 
fraud and deceit is too often praetised, for preventing the 
same — 

It is therefore Voted and Ordered 

That froin and after tlie tenth Day of September next ensuing, 
all Wood and B;irk as they come in to Town shall be measured, 
and a Certificate of the Measure tliereof shall be given to the 
Owner or Driver of the Cart or Sled 

It is furtlier Ordered — That a suitable Person or Persons be 
from time t;> time ap|)ointed by the Selectmen as tliev shall think 
fit to Measure all such Wood and Bark brought in [531.] Carts 
or Sleds, and the said Person or Persons shall be under Oath to 
do Justice between Buyer and Seller, and shall attend from Sun- 
rising to vSnusettiug, and shall make an entry of all the Wood and 
Bark they measure 

And it is furtlier Ordered, that there be allowed to the said 
Pei-sons for every load of Wood or Bark so measured Two 
Pence, to be paid by the Person who buys the same, or in case of 
his absence at the time of measuring thvu to be paid by the Owner 
or Driver of the Cart or Sled, who shall be reimbursed by the 
Buyer 

it is furtlier Ordered, That after the t nth Day of September 
next, if any Per-on or Inhaliitant of the Town of Boston afore- 
said, that buy any Wood or Bark thus brought to Market, without 
the same be (irst measui-ed as above, ho she or they shall forfeit 
and pay the Sum of three Shillings for every load so bought, 



Voted, that the aforegoing By Law and Order of the Town be 
presented to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace, to be held 
at Boston within and for (he County of Suffolk, for their allow- 
ance and ap[)robation 

The Report of the Selectmen on the Visitation of the Publick 
Schools, IJead, and is as follows, \\z\ 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitiints of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 11''. 17G2. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the 10'-' of March 1701, desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
several Pul>lick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to acconq.any them therein [52'i.'] As they should think proper, 
and to Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on Wednes- 



78 City Document No. 88. 

day the first Day of July last, accompanied by the following 

Gentlemen Viz'. 

His Excell. " the Governor 
The Hod'^'^ Samuel Wells Esq. 
The IIou'''^ Audiew Oliver Esq. 
The lion*''". James Bowdoin Esq. 
The Hon'*'''. Thomas Hancock Esq. 
The Hon'''^ James Otis Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

Joshua Winslow Esq. 
Joshua Heushaw Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Samuel Weutworth Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
John Avery Esq. 
William Tyler Esq. 
Eev'^. M'. Hooper 
M'. David Jeffries 
M'. William Winter 
D'. John Sprague 
M'. Oxenbridge Thacher 
M'. Jol)n Box 
M'. James Perkins 
Cap'. Benjamin Hammatt 
M^ Alexander Hill 
Rev*^. Alexiinder Cummings 
Rev"^. Samuel Checkley Esq. 
[533.] Rev''. Samuel Cooper 

Rev**. Andrew Elliot 
Rev''. P^benezer Pcmberton 
D"". Charles Chanccy 
D'. Joseph Sewnll 
And found the South Grammar School had 117 Scholars, the 
North Grammar School 57 Scholars, the South Writing School 
234 Scholars, the Nortli Writing School 157 Scholars, the Writing 

School in Queen Street 249 Schohirs all in very good order 

Thomas Gushing ") 
Samuel Hews 
John Scollay 

Benjamin Austin \- Selectmen of Boston. 

Samuel Sewall 
Sam : Phill : Savage 
Ezekiel Lewis 

Voted, that this Report be accepted, and that the Gentlemen 
the Selectmen be desired to visit the Publick Schools the Year 
ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to accompany 
them as they shall think convenient, and that they Report 

thereon. 

The Selectmen having agreable to order, laid before the Town 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 79 

the several Papers relative to the High "Way within the Fortification, 
and the same being considc^red it was thereon — 

Voted, that tlie Repairing or Paving said Way be referred to 
the Gentlemen Seleetnien, who are hereliy desir'd and irapowered 
to act therein as they shall Judge proper. 

[534.] Voted, tiiat the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are 
given to the Honourable Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator 
of this Meeting for transacting and dispatching the Business 
thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publiek Town 
IMeeting Assembled at Fancuil Hall on Monday the H"*. Day of 
March Anno Domini 17G3 

Prayer was made by the I'ev''. M^ Mather 



The Warrant for calling the Meeting ----- read 



Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly read. 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut New Hampshire & Rhode 

Island, as required by the Act of the Province 

AVilliam Cooper w;is chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath relating to his receiving [525.] 
And paying Bills of CrediL of the other Governments, took the 
Oath of Office for the faithful discharge of his duty, which Oaths 
were adrainistred to him by Foster Hutchinson Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeard, that 

Thomas Cushiug 

Samuel Hews 

John Scollay 

Benjamin Austin 

Samuel Scwall 

Ezekiel Lewis 

Nathaniel Thwing. Esq. 
were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, it was Unanimously Voted, 
that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to INP. 
Samuel Philips Savage for his faithful services as Selectman 
Bon)etime past 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting thcin it appeard that 

John Phillips Esq. excused 

John Barratt Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Jose|)h Gardner Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. - - excused 

M'. Benjamin Dolbear 



80 City Document No. 88. 

Isaac Smith Esq. 
Melatinh Bourn Esq. 
M"". Jonathan Mason 
M''. Ileni'y Bromfield 
M'. William Whitwell 
[536.] M^ Henderson Inches 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing : John 
Phillips & William Phillips Esq : desired to be excused, the 
other Gentlemen accepted and took the Oaths required by 

Law 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby arc given to John Phillips, and William Phillips Esq. for 
their faithful services as Overseers of the Poor for some Years 

past 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Overseers in the room 
of the above named Gentlemen who had declined serving and upon 
sorting them it ai)peard that 

Cap'. Benjamin Ilammatt 
M^ Ebenezer .Storer 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer and upon sort- 
ing them it appear'd, that M"". David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen and having taken the Oath relating to his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath 
of Otiice for the faithfull discharge of his duty, which Oaths were 
administered him by Foster Hutchinson Esq 

Upon a Motion mode and seconded the Question was put, 
whether Collectors of Taxes shall be chose seperate from Con- 

staliles passed in the Affirmative 

A Motion made and seconded that the Town should choose but 

Six of the old Constables for the present Year passed in y®. 

nffirmative 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard, that 

[5^7.] Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 

M''. Thomas (J ray 
Samuel Sewall Esq. 
M^ Joseph Edwards 
M^ Ebenezer Storer 
Cap'. Benjamin Hammatt 
M^ Thomas Grenough 
W. John Mico Wendell 
M'. Robert Peirpoiut 
M--. Daniel Waldo 
M''. John Pigeon 
M^ Samuel Demming 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuiug 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing may be excused from serving, on his paj'ing the 

Sum of twenty Shillings 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 



Boston Town Records, 17G3. 81 

Mess™. Nathaniel Thayer .---... Sworn 
Augustus Hale ------.. d°. 

Elisha liyles d°. 

Jatnes Thomas -------- d". 

Francis Sahnon -------- d". 

Abijah Savage -------- paid his fine 

William Tyler Kilbey d°. 

Andrew Boardman ------- d°. 

John Kinney --__ Swora 

John Wells d". 

William Darrington ------- d". 

Samuel M^.Chue ------- declined 

[538.] John Cogswell 
John Rogers 
Isaac Bird 
were chose Coiistal»les for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 clock P.M. 

3 O'clock P: M. Met according to Adjouinracnt 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound lie and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as sh;dl be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as tlu-y shall Collect, pro- 
vided they pay into the Town Treasiu'y one half part of the wlmlci 
Sum they are obliged to i)ay him, within four Months from the 
time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the other 
half part in three Months alter, tind also pay into the Province and 
County Treasuries one half part of the whole Sum the}^ shall be 
obliged to pay them respectfully in Seven Months from the Time 
they shall receive the Tax Books fiom the Assessors as aforesaid, 
and the other half part in live Months alter; and in case either of 
said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner aforesaid, the Col- 
lector ^o failing shall ncjt be entitled to the aforesaid allowance of 
Nine Pence on the Pound but wholly forfeit the same ; [)rovided 
also that such of said Collectors give Bond with sutlicient Sureties 
to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, for the faithful discharge of 
their duty in said Oflice, and complying with this Vote. 

Voted, That the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as 
to the Payment of the Collectors Piemiums for the Year ensuing, 

any former Vote notwithstanding 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes, for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeard that 
[51^9. J John Ivuddock Esq. 

Jonathan Payson lilsq. 
W. .Tolm Grant 
M'. Samuel Adams 
were chose into that OfTice. 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, ana 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". William Fairfield 
John Knceland 
Benjamin Church 
Joseph Bradford 
Jonathan Brown 



82 City Document No. 88. 

Samuel Downe 
Belcher Noyes Esq 

were chose into that Office. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appeard, that 
William Holmes Esq 
M^ John Forsyth 
Benjamin Edes 
M^ Joseph Belknap 
M^ Josiah Wateis 
RP. John Welch 
M'. Samuel Barrett 

M'. Daniel Boyer - - - (deelin'd serving) 
M'. William Boardman 
M^ Thomas Walley 
M^ Samuel Whitwell 

M^ John Cunningham- - (deelin'd serving) 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

[530.] M^ John Gray, was chosen a Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess"'. Stephen Wales 
Story Daws 
William Crafts 
Benjamin Andrews 
Thomas Bay ley 
Benjamin (Curtis 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. — — 
Mess". William Nichols 
Clement Collins 
Isaac Vergoose 
John Skillins 
John Greuough 
Andrew Symms 
Nathaniel Wales 
Jacob Thayer 
Richard Walker 
Henry AUyne 
William Payne 
James Clarke 
John Langley 
were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year en- 
suing. 

Upon a Motion made and Seconded, Voted that the Fence View- 
ers be obliged to take the Oaths for a faithful discharge of their 
duty. 

Mess". Cornelius Thayer 
Joseph Clarke 
Adiuo Paddock 
Isaac llews 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Y'ear ensuing. 
[531.] Mess'''. Natliauiel Gardner 
Samuel Whitwell 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing. 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 83 

Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manasseli Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John llarsUina 

David Spear 

Nathan Spear 

JouatliMU Jcukins 

Samuel Tieat 

Robert Breck Jiin'. 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". David Simms 

John Bacon 

were chosen Hogrewes for the Year ensuing. 

M^ Edward Curtis 

was chosen llayward for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Firewards, and 
upon sorting them it appeaid tliat 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 
[533.] John ScoUay Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

Newman Greuough Esq. 

Cap'. Solomon Davis 

M^ William Cooper 

M"". Samuel Austin 

M^ Joseph Jackson 

John Roue Esq. 

M^ John Mico Wendell 

]NP. Henderson Inches 

Tiioiuas Marshall Esq. 

were chosen Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, That Application be made to the General Court b}' our 
Representatives, tor liberty to choose four Fire-Wards, in adtli- 

tion to the number allowed by Law 

The Town brought in tlieir Votes for twelve Scavingers and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 
Mess". JoI)n Brown 

Thomas Hitchburne 

Nathaniel Cobbit 

Thomas Hase 

Benjamin Hodgdeu 

Gershora Tiimey 

Paul Fanner 

Jeremiah Belknap 

Edward Carnes 

Joseph Mann 



84 City Document No. 88. 

Samuel Emms 
Joseph Elliot 

were chose Seavingers for the Year ensuing 

[533«] Voted, that John Rowe Esq. 
Joseph Scott Esq. 
M^ Thomas Gray 
M". Jonathan Williams 
John Leverett Esq. 
be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accounts of M"". Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoined to 
inspect every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as sha'l 
Advance Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such 
Sums from the Time so Advanced till they shall have Audited 
said Accompts. 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyors of the High "Ways for the Year ensuing. 
Thomas Green Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John ScoUay Esq. 
were chose Purchasers of Grain lor the Year ensuing, and they 
are desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the 
Keeper of the Grainary respecting tlie quantities of Giain to be 
sold and affixing the price tliereof from time to time, as occasion 
shall require. 

Mess". IMartin Gay 
David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants praying that the 
Town would defrey the Charge of winding up and taking care of 
the Clock on the Rev''. M"". Byles's Meeting House, was read, and 
after [534.] Debate had thereon, the Question was put, "AVhether 

the Prayer of tlie Petition should be granted Passed in the 

Affermative. 

Voted, That the Assessors be and are hereby impowered and 
directed to set for the abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in April in- 
clusive, and no longer, saving that the}' be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November for tlie abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an opportunity of applying in tlie above limit- 
ted time, by reason of tlieir being out of the Province, at which 
time they are also allowed and impower'd to abate the Taxes of 
such Persons as may have died Insolvent or become Bankrupts 
between the said last Thursday in April and the last Day of No- 
vember. 

Voted, That the consideration of Schoolmasters Salarys, and 
all other Salarys and Grants, be referred to next May Meeting. 

A Motion made and seconded, that a Committee be Appointed 
to examine the state of the Town Treasury, and enquire into the 
Expeuces of the Town and whether any savings can be made, as 
also to consider what Sum of Money it may be necessary to raise 



Boston Town Records, 17G3. 85 

in order to defrey the Charges of the Town the ensuing Year, and 
that thoy Report at the May Meeting, whereupon 
Voted, That James Beautineau 

John l\owe 

Thomas Green 

Foster Hutchinson 

Thomas Flueker 

William Story Esqrs 

M''. John Spooner 

Oxenbridge Thacher 

Nathaniel Bethune 

Thomas Hancock Esqrs. 
[535.] John Avery Esq. 

Joseph Green Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose 

Voted, That such of the Inhabitants as shall advance Moneys 
for the use of the Almshouse on or before the 15 of A[)ril next, 
be and hereby are allowed after the rate of G P C. upon such Sums 
as they shall so advance, said Moneys to be paid by the Collectors 
to the Overseers of the Poor, to be by them laid out in Provisions 
Grain, and other Neccssarys for the use aforesaid ; and the Col- 
lectors are hereby Ordered and impowered to discount those Sums 
together with the allowance thereon out of the said Gentleuiens 
respective Taxes for the Year 1703. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, That M^ David Jeffries 
Treasurer of the Town of Boston be and hereby is directed and fully 
impower'd to borrow upon Interest of any Person or Persons a 
Sum of Money not exceeding Nine hundred Pounds, to l)e paid to 
the Overseers of the Poor for the present Supply and relief of the 
Almshouse, the Money so borrowed to be repaid in twelve Months 

out of the £8000 Voted last May to be raised by a Tax upon 

Polls and Estates within this Town, said Treasurer to give his 
Bonds or Notes as security for the payment of the same with 
lawful Interest which Obligations the Town do hereby promise and 
engage to discharge as the same shall become due. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That James Beau- 
tineau Esq. and others a Committee to enquire into the Expences 
of the Town &". be and hereby are desired to assist the Town 
Treasurer in borrowing the above Sum of Nine hundred 

Pounds 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to 9 o'Clock y®. next 
Morning. 

Tuesday 9 o'Clock A. M : Met according to Adjournment. 

[536.] Voted, That the Selectmen be and hereby are Ap- 
pointed a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put — 
"Whether the Vote of Yesterday relative to new Constables shall 
be reconsidered passed in the Negative. 

The Selectmen I{e[)orted on the Account of M"". John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past which Account as entered 
in his Books (and on File in the Town Clarks Ollice) was read, 



80 City Document No. 88. 

whereupon it was Voted that the same be accepted, and that M'. 
Frnno be accountable to the Town for 135 Bushels of Corn, and 
65 Bushels of Rye remaining uusold amounting to £14,, 6,, 8, and 
also for the sum of £3G(3,, 17,, 10^. Cash now in his hands, 
exclusive of the sum of Tweny six Pounds thirteen Shillings and 
four Pence for his Salary & assistance as charged in his Account, 
which is hereby allowed him. 

The Committee Appointed the 8"". of March last to Audit the 
Accounts of INP. Treasurer Jeffries, Report, that they have Attended 
that service and find the same right cast and well vouched, in 
which he charges himself with sundry Fines Rents and other 
Incomes of the Town as also witli the Tax £80U0,, all of which 
amount to £1)138,, C And the said Treasurer discharges him- 
self by sundry Abatements made the Collectors, by Drafts made 
by the Selectmen amounting to £3252,, 7,, 4. of which he has 
paid £2045,, 12., 6, and by Drafts mnde by the Overseers of the 
Poor which contain the Charges of the Almshouse aniouting to 
£1881,, 0,, 0^ of which he has paid £795,, U,, lOJ the whole 
amounting to £7841,, 12,, 8| including the Balance of Old 
A ceo"'. 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a vei-y par- 
ticular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers for the amount of their Drafts, and every other branch 
of Publick Charge, all amounting as above to the Sum of £7841, 
,, 12 ,, 8*^^ as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town Treas- 
urers Books [337.] Balance whereof l)eing £1290 ,, 13 ,, 3i 
is carried to the Credit of New Account. — Which Report and 
Account being road 

Voted, That the same be, and hereby is accepted. 

Ujion consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (VMz'.) "That 
the Town would determine upon some effectual method to prevent 
the pernicious practise of forestalling the INIaiket. 

Voted, that James Otis Iv^q. 

William Story Esq. 
John Tuder Esq. 
Royal Tyler li^sq. 
Oxenb. Thacher Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to prepare a By Law 
for the remedie of the evil complained of ; and that they Report 
the next May Meeting. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That the Represen- 
tatives of the Town be desired to use their influence at the next 
Session of the General Court, that such a Law may be Enncted 
as shall [trevent the pernicious piactise of forestalling the Market. — 

Voted, That INIess". Hugh Floyd, Jonathan II;dl and others, not 
Inhabitants of this Town, but Petitinucrs, be permitted to come 
into this Meeting and speak to their proposal relative to making 
Bricks & Tyle on Boston Neck — 

The Proposals of Mess" Hugh Floyd Jonathan Hall an I others 
to make Brick and Tyle on the Laud on the Neck leased to John 
Hill and Sam' Whentworth Esq. were taken into consideration, 
and after debate had thereon, Voted, that 



Boston Town Records, 17G3. 87 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Joshua Ileushaw Esq. 

Bcujaniin Kent Esq. 

]NP. William Fairlicld 
[538.] William Pliillips Esq. 

John Avery Esq. 

John Tudcr Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider whether it 
will be for the benefit and advantage of the Town to permit the 
making of Brick and Tyle on Boston Neck, and also to hear and 
receive proposals from any Persons relative thereto, and that they 
Report next May Meeting. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz') " To 
determine what is proper to be done relative to the Incroachmeiits 

on Circular Line. 

Voted, that Royal Tyler Esq. 

iSamui'l Cn-ant Esq. 

Joshua lienshaw Esq. 

Oxeubridge Tliacher Esq. 

M'. Henderson Inches 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to examine into those 
Incroachments, and Report next May Meeting. 

The Proposals of the Overseers of the Poor res|jectiug a Drain 
to carry off the "Waste Water from the Almshouse ;iud ^Vork 
House being considered. 

Voted, That the Gentlemen the Overseers of the Poor, be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to take this matter into cor- 
sideration, and apply such relief as they shall think proper, at the 

Towns Expence. 

Tlie Town took into consideration that Article in the Warrant 
" Viz'." AVhether they will take on their risque such ''Tickets in 
" Faneuil Hall Lottery, as may remain unsold on the ]3ay that 

" shall be Assigned l)y the Manageis for drawing the same." 

After considerable Debate [539.] The Question was put — 
Whether the Town will take to their Ai-count and at their risque 
all such Tickets in Faneuil Hall Lottery N°. 1. as shall remain 
unsold on the Day that may be Assigned by the Managers for 

drawing the same Passed in the Affirmative. 

Voted, That this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P: M : 



3 O'clock P: M : Met according to Adjournment. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz'.) 
*' NVhether the Town will make any allowance to M"". Solomon 
" Kneeland for his Land in Water Street, t!ie greater part of which 
" was taken from him in order to widen said Street 

Voted, that William Story 
William Tayler 
William Phillips — Esqrs 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take tliis matter into 
consideration, and Report next May Meeting 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) 



88 City Document No. 88. 

" Whether the Town will Rebuild the Kitchen of the House M*. 
John Lovel lives in, and enlarge the Cellar under it — 
Voted, that Samuel Wells Esq. 

John Tuder Esq. 
M^. Jonathan Williams 
be and hereby ai-e Appointed a Committee to consider what is 
proper to be done and Report at May Meeting 
Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 
John Tuder Esq. 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Edward Cowcll 
[540.] Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 
Robert Treat 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing in addition to 
the sixteen chose, see Page 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain nnfmish'd at this 
Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to James Otis Esq the Moderator of this Meeting 

for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freebolders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of i5oston legally qualilied and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faueuil Hall on Tuesday the lU*^. Day of 
May AD: 17G3. 

Prayer was made by the Rev*^. M^ Byles 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws ----- read 

[541.] Thomas Cushing Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed 
in their Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the 
choice of one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the 2o"'. Day of May Current, and in order thereto to consider and 
ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected, accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the PoUishould be 
closed at twelve o'Clock 

The Votes being brought in, the number of Voters were found 
to be 1089, and upon sorting them it appeared, that the four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chose - - viz'. 

Royal Tyler Esq. S(J9 Votes 

James Otis I-^sq. ------ 9<S9 

Thomas Cushing Esq. ----- 899 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. - - - 71G 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen — 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 o'Clock P.M. 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 89 

3 o'clock P: M : The Town met according to AcljourniacDt 
The Inhabitants wore directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the Town may 
proceed iu transacting the other Affairs mentioned in the Warrant ; 
accordingly the Iniiabitants withdrew, and brouglit in tlieir Votes, 
and upon sorting them it appear'd that James Otis Esq. was 

chosen. 

'J'he Petition of the Proprietors of the Long Whaif in the Town 
of IJoston, setting forth, that Cap'. Oliver Noyes and others on 
the 10*''. [543.] Of December 170!) made proposids to said 
Town for building a Wharfe from the lower end of King street 
down to low Water Maik &". whereupon the Town then apjiointed 
their Selectmen a Committee to consider and Repoit their Opinion 
thereon, who took said Proposals under consideration, and at the 
Annual Meeting of said Town on the 13"'. of March 170'J/10 Re- 
ported in favor thereof, and thnt the granting their request would 
be of publick and general gool to said Town, which K'eport was 
then accepted by the Town, and a Grant made accordingly, and 
the .Selectmen were then A[)pointed a Comm™. on behalf of said 
Town to execute a proper Instrument in writing for the coiilirma- 
tion of t!ie Grant aforesaid who executed said tiust as by their 
Deed recorded in the Records of Deeds for the County of Suffolk 
May 17, 1710 Liber 25, Folio 48 more fully will appear, in which 
Deed there is this particular leservation in favor of \ our Peti- 
tioners that no Wharfe beyond the Circular Line shall be |)ermitted 
or suffered to Join, or be loreverbuilt nearer than sixty feet of the 
Waste or Flatts in said Deed granted to said Proprietors. The 
Petitioners humbly pray leave to extend the Pier of said Wliarfe 
twenty feet on the North side of said Wharfe, and that a Grant 
might be made them of the same, accordingly they have at a 
Meeting of said Proprietors on Wednesday the 4"'. of May Instant 
Voted that if leave be given by the Town to extend tiie North side 
of the Pier twenty feet, they would Ereet an additional Building to 
each Store of Seven feet Stud agreable to Law, which if the same 
should be effected would be of uudouI)ted service to the Town, in 
some measnie in proportion as the Long Wharf has been. Had 
not the Petition aforesaid of 170'J l)een granted, but the Flatts then 
had continued Flatts now, it is certain no advantage frou) them 
would hiive accined to the Town in general or to :iny of its Mem- 
bers, but the advantage to l)oth in consequence of snid Grant are 
too obvious even to be mentioned: And with respect to the Flatts 
now petitioned for its manifest they are of no benefit at present 
nor ever will be to the Town or any one Individual without this 
Petition be granted [543.] Because the Town nor any one hath 
any right to build upon them, but if the Prayer of this Petition be 
granted, then the additional liuildings thereon and the prolits 
arising therefrom will in an ordinary way be of advantage to the 
Owneis, and if of advantage to the Members of a Body, of conse- 
quence it must be to the Body itself, the Body always sharing in 
the advantages or disadvantages of its Members. Wherefore in 
as much as the Town cannot be served by the Flatts remaining as 
they are at pi*eseut in as much as by a Vote of the Town, neither 



90 City Document No. 88. 

the Town nor any one hath right to build thereon your Petitioners 
excepted, and not them without leave from the Town, which if 
obtaind may be of advantage to them, and consequently to the 
Town — Your Petitioners humbly hope that the prayer of their 
Petition maybe granted, and your. Petitioners as in duty bound 
shall ever pray 

Considerable debate being had upon the above Petition, the 

Question was put. Viz'. Wiiether the same shall be referred 

to a Committee Passed in the Afllrraative 

Voted, that The Holl'^'^ Thomas Flucker Esq. 
The Hou'''^. Harrison Gray Esq. 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
Thomas Green Esq. 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of the 
above Petition of the I^roprietors of the Long Wharf e in Boston, 
and Report at the next General Town Meeting, what they appre- 
hend the Town had best do thereon 

That Clause in the Wfirrant relative to Faneuil Hall Market 
being considered, the Question was put — Whether the further 

consideration thereof be referred to March Meeting Passed 

in the Negative It was then moved and seconded that 

Faneuil Hall Market should be [544.] Opened by the Selec!men 
as soon as it shall be so repair'd that the Butchers aud others 
might bring their Provisions into it without interruption — and the 
Question being accordingly put Passed in the Aflii mative 

The Committed Appointed tho 14"'. Day of March, last to pre- 
pare a P>y Law relative to fores^idling the Market — Peport 

That having met and considered of the Matter referred, lind that 
as far as a By-Law may serve the purpose within mentioned ; 
sufficient provision is already made in the liy-Laws of this Town: 
and that the great mischief therein mentioned can only be supi)resM 
by an Act of the General Court of this Province — Wherefore the 
said Committee Report, that it be an Instruction to the Represen- 
tatives to be chosen at this Meeting tliat they use their utmost 
endeavors that such a Law be enacted. — 

The above Report having l)een read, it was Voted, that the same 
be accepted, and that the Cientlemen who Represent the Town be 
and they hereby are desired to use their utmost endeavors in the 
General Court that such a Law be Enacted. 

The Committee appointed the 1-4"'. of March last to examin into 

the incroachraents on the Ciicular Line having Reported It 

was Voted that the same be recommitted, and said Committee are 
desired to make further encjuiry relative to those incroachmenta 
and Report the next General Town Meeting 

The Committee appointed the 14"*. of March last to enquire in to 
the Expences of the Town, and whether an}' savings can be made 
us also to consider what Sum of Money it may be necessary to 
raise in oixler to defrey the Cliarges of the Town the ensuing 
Year — Report as follows 

That they have attended that service and after due [545.] 
Information from the tSelectmen Overseers of the Poor aud Town 



Boston Town Records, 17C3. 91 

Trcasiirei', all of whom appear to have served the Town nith 
fidelity, they offer the following Report, viz'. 

That there appcard to bo due to the Town fr(j<u tlie res[)ectivc 
Colleetois of Taxes to the 2r> of April last .Six tliousand eight 
hundred and four Pounds, hut aa the said Collectors had not iheu 
been paid their Premium for the Year 17G1. which with what will 
be due to them for Premiums for 17(32. amounts to one Thousand 
ond eighty five Pounds four Shillings and six Pence, and as they 
are to be allowed for the abatements made and to be made in that 

Year, which the Assessors istimate at about £1000 the sum 

really due from them will then bo four thousand seven hundred 
and eighteen iX)und9 fifteen shillings and six pence for the taxes of 
the year 17G2 which when received by ihe treasurer, will discharge 
every demand upon him to the 11"\ of INIarch last, and leave a baU 
lance in favor of tlie town of two thousand and tinrty four i)ounds 
one shilling and eight pence, l^esidos this the town has the iintlier 
sum of foui- hundred pounds in the hands of Ihe committee for 
purchasing grain, and one hundred and .seventy two pounds lent 
the society of the linnen manulacture, & a stock of powder Si"^. of 
the value of one hundred and fifty six pounds, which three last 
sums amount to seven hundred and twenty eight pounds. 

Your committee find that (he overseers accounts for supporting 
the poor in and out of the alms house for the year 17G2 amounted 
to £2110 ,, — ,, — they also find that the usual incidentid charges 
paid by the Selectmen for rei)airs for the towns eslatis &.''. are 
about four hundred pounds annually, which together with the stat'.d 
salarys charges of collecting the taxes, assessors (fc*^. make the 
towns certain cxpence as things now are, four thousand six hun- 
dred and forty three pounds, they find further that the town re- 
ceived from the province treasurer for the suppoit of the province 
poor in the alms house foiu' hundred and ninety j)onnds, and that 
the towns rents amount to £223 — p annum and the taxes re- 
ceived from strangers U[)on an average to be £210 ,, — ., — 
yearly, and that there was expended for iiavement at the [510.] 
Almshouse the last year £G0 ,, — ,, — the whole whereof lieiug 
£i)8o ,, — ,, — leaves £.'>GGO ,, — ,, — to be raised by the town 
exclusive of any provision for necessary abatements, and extra 
oxpeuccs — 

Pa: r'. Y'"our committee are of opinion that £120 ,, — ,, 

— p Annum may be saved of the aforementioned cxpence ]>y re- 
ducing the number of watchmen from the present establishment to 
four captains at twenty four pounds p annum and sixteen others 
at eighteen pounds a year each, which will cost but £38 1 ,, — ,, 

— instead of £o04 ,, — which is the present cliargo. 

2*^. They are further of opinion that in future the tax may bo 
collected for three p c^. which will s.ave £100 ,, — ,. — p Year, 
and that at least £2oO ., — more may be saved yetirly whfu the 
treasurer shall be in cash for the aforementioned ballance of £'^Ou-l: 
,, 1 ,,8 which v'our committee arc of opinion shoull remain as a 
stock in the treasury for a constant fund to be made use of by the 
selectmen and overseers of the poor, as they may find it ni>cessary 
for the benefit of the town, but on this express condition that such 



92 City Document No. 88. 

sums as they shall draw from it be replaced out of the moneys 
raised auuually by the town. 

3^. Your committee are further of opinion that there be raised 
the sum of four tliousand four hundred and eighty pounds agreable 
10 the estimate here unto aunexed, wherein is included £175 ,, — ■ 
,, — for rebuilding the kitchen of the house where M'. John Lovel 
lives in case the town should thinli proper to do it, in this estimate 
ample provision is made for every charge that can be supposed to 
arise, and three hundred i ound is included as a fund for abate- 
ment of taxes 

Your committee find by certificate from the province treasurer 
that there is now due to the province for the year 17GI. four thou- 
sand and tliirty two pounds five shillings and seven pence viz'. — 

[547.] From Jolin Ruddock Esq. - - - - £883 ,, 10 ,, 4 
M'. Samuel Adams - - - - 2179,, 1 ,, 10 
M\ Jonathan Payson - - - 9G9 ,, — ,, — 



4032 „ 5 ,, 7 
And the whole tax for the year 17G2 .... 857U ,, 13 ,, 7 



12002 ,, 19 ,, 2 

which with the aforesaid sum due to - - -) 41 "e i;^ « 

the town treasurer of | 4J/»,, ID,, b 

makes £17321 ,, 4 „ 8 

Pa 4*. Your committee are of opinion that it would be very 
much for the interest of the town to have the taxes made in the 
months of July and August, and tbe books delivered to the collec- 
tors in September as they will then liave a sufficient time to receive 
the money, and settle with the respective ti casurers by the begin- 
iug of march 

6"*. And it is the opinion of this committee that the town 
should strictly adhere to their votes passed respecting the several 
periods and proportions in which the collectors are obliged to pay 
the respective trcasurys, in order to entitle them to any premium 

6"\ Your committee are of opinion that in future there be six 
collectors of taxes, which will enal)letheni to do the business with 
greater Tacility, as each of them will have l)ut two wards to collect 
from 

7"\ Your Committee are further of opinion that the assessors 
be not allowed raoie than two months to make abatements, after 
the books are delivered to the collectors and that no abatements 
be made after that time to an}- person but such as shall be 
out of the province during the said two months, and that the 
assessors in making their abatements have particular regard to the 
sum raised by the town as a fund for that purpose &'^. 

This Report being read and debate had thereon, it was 

[548.] Voted, that the same be considered of paragraph by 
paragraph, and thereupon the first paragraph being again read 

Voted, that the same be accepted 

Then the 2''. Paragraph being read, and debate had thereon 



Boston Town Records, 17G3. 93 

Voted, that that part thereof wliieh relates to the premium for 
colleeting of the taxes be referred for further eonsideiatiou to the 
next General Town Meeting. And that the other i)art relative to 
a sum of Money, remaining as a stoek in the Treasury for the use 
of the ISeleetnien and Overseers of the Poor be aeeepted 

Then the 3''. Paragrai)h being read and debated 

Voted, That the same be acee|)ted witli this amendment and 
addition. Viz'. That the sum of P'our thousand six hundred 
Pounds be raised by a tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town 
for relief of the Poor and defreying other neeessary charges aris- 
ing within the Town the ensuing Year 

The 4"'. Paragraph being read and debated 

Voted, that the same be aeeepted 

The 5"'. Paragra[)h being read and debated 

Voted, That tlie same be refened over to the next General 
Town Meeting for further eonsideration 

The G"'. Paragiaph being read and debated — 

Voted, That the same be referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting for further consiileration 

The 7"'. an(l last Paragraph l)eing read and debated 

Voted, That the same be accepted 

The Committee appointed the H"*. Day of March last relative 
to M"". John Lovels Kitchen and the Cellar under the same — 
Repoi t — That tliey had examined the Premisses and find that 
the Kitchen is small and uniomfortable and wants repair, and as 
there is no Cellar only under one Room of the House there had 
been many ditiicnltys for want of more, but if the Town should 
think [540.] Proper to build a new Kitchen, it was their Opinion 

that it is very neeessary to make a Cellar under the same ■ 

This Report being read and debate had thereon, the Question was 
put, Wheiher the Kitchin of the House M'. John Lovel lives in 
should be repair'd passed in the afl:'eimative. 

It being m(jved that the al)ove Vote be reconsidered and the 
Question accordingly put, it passed in the alTermative 

Jt was then Voted, that M"^ John Lovels Kitchen be Re-built 
with a Cellar under the same, and that the .Selectmen be and 
hereby are appointed a Committee to see this Vote carried iuto exe- 
cution 

The Committee Appointed the 14*'\ Day of March last to con- 
sider of the PropostJs of Hugh Floyd Jonathan Hall and others 
to make Brick and Tile on the Land on the. Neck leased to John 
Hill and Samuel Whentworth Esqrs. — Report — That they 
had lepaired to the Laud on Boston Neck le:ised to John Hill and 
Samuel Whentworth Esq. and there met with the within named 
Jonathan Hall only, who declared he had no Proposals to make 
concerning the making Brick & Tiie on the said Land — and 
further, that in their Opinion it would not be for the benefit 
of the Town to permit the making of Brick and Tvle on said 
Neck. 

The above Report having been read and debate had thereon it 
was Voted, that the same be accepted 

The Committee Appointed the 14'^. of March upon the affair of 



94 City Document No. 88. 

M^ Solomon Kueelauds Land in Water Street having Reported 
— It was Voted tliat the same be Kecommitted, and said Com- 
mittee are desired to Report again the next General Town Meet- 
ing 

Voted, that the sum of Twenty Pounds be & hereby is allowed 
M"". John Lovel Master of the South Grammar School in addition 
to his [ooOo] Last Years grant for which he has already had a 
draft on the Treasury, as through mistake £100 ,, — ,, — instead 
of £120 was then Voted him 

Voted, That the sum of Que hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid uuto M"". J(^hu Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M''. Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammar School lor the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of tlie last Quarter. 

Voted, that the sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M"". Samuel Holyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to he paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto ]\P. John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the 
Writing School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall beccxme due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
uuto M^ Abia Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for the ensuing Yetir, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at tlie 
exjjiration of the last Quarter 

[551.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M''. John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the 
North Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterl}^ as it shall l)ecome due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M"". James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M''. Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the North 
Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quar- 
terly, as the same shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M^ John Vinal for his Salary as Usher of the Writing 
School in the Common the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 95 

quarterly as it shall Ix^eorne clue, and to commence at the expi- 
ration of the last C^uarlor. 

Voted, that the Suiu of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto ]\P. John Tileston jMaster of the North Writing School for 
providing an Assistant for the Year t-nsuing, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 

expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto I\P. David Jeffries for his 
services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that Office. 

M'. Jacob Williams 
was chosen a Culler of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

[553.] Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is 
directed and impowered to allow the several Schoolmasters, Interest 
on the Sums due to them from the date of their Warrants to the 

time of payment. 

The Committee appointed the 8"^. of March 1762 to Visit the 

Publick Schools, now lic[)ort as follows — Viz'. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Asseml)led May 10. 17(J3 — 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 8"*. of March 1762, desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
several Publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentle- 
men to accompany them therein as they shall think proper, and to 
Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on Tues- 
day the 29''' day of June last, accompanied by the following Gentle- 
men Viz'. 

The Hou"«: William Brattle Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Thomas Hancock Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
Middlecot Cook Esq. 
Jeramiah Gridley Esq. 
Joseph Dowse Esq. 
Ep[)s Sergeant Esq. 
Roger Hale Esq. 
Richard Clark Esq. 
William Story Esq. 
William Blair Townsend Esq. 
[553.] John Erving Esq. 

Mess" : John Dennie 

Alexander Hill 
William Greenleaffe 
Oxenbridge Thacher 
Samuel Adams 
David Jefifries 



96 City Document No. 88. 

Benjamin Haramatt 
Limers (a Stranger) 
Rev^. Alexander Cummins 
Samuel Cooper 
Mather Byles 
M'. Gorden (Stranger) 
Ebeuezer Pemberton 
Andrew Elliot 
Samuel Mather 
Samuel Checkley Jun'. 
Samuel Checkley 
D'^. Jonathan Mayhew 
Charles Chauncey 
Joseph Sewall 
And found the South Grammar School had 119 Scholars, the 
North Grammar School 08 Scholars, the South Writing School 236 
Scholars, the North Writing School 17G Scholars, the Writing 

School in Queen Street 238 Scb.olars, all in very good order. 

Thomas Cushing ^ 
John Scollay | 

Benjamin Austin )■ Selectmen of Boston 
Samuel Sewall | 
EzEKiEL Lewis J 
Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen, be desired to visit the Publick Schools the 
Year ensuing [554.] And that they desire such Gentlemen to ac- 
company them therein as they shall think convenient ; and that they 
Report thereon. 

Mess". William Fisher 
Peter Boyer 
were chosC'Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Edward Baker ------ Sworn 

Matthew Wakefield do 

John Edwards 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

M'. Jonathan Blake 
was chosen a Sealer of Leather for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be and hereby aie referred over to the next General Town 
Meeting. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching the 
business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Fi-eeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the G* Day of 
September Anno Domini 1763. 

[_555,^ The Warrant for calling the Meeting was read. 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 97 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator by a written Vote. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Wanant Viz'. " That 
*'some Measures niitiht he taken that a certain sli[) of Laud lying 
on the North sickM>f Water Street, ma}' be annexed to said Street' 

It was moved and seconded and accordingly i)ut Whether a 

Comuiittee sliall be Appointed to take tiiis matter into consideration 
and to Report the next Meeting Passed in the Negative 

Then a Question was i)ut — Wliether the Town would lake any 
Measures that a certain slip of Land lying on the Nortii side of 

Water Street, may be Annexed to said Street Passed in y**. 

Negative. 

That Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. " That some Metiiods may be 
taken to remove the N usance in the Passage Way from the Main 
Street leading to the Comuion called Hog Alley " was considered 
and after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee to enquire into this matter, and Report at tlie Adjournment 
of this Meeting, the circumstances thereof, and what they may ap- 
prehend best to be done thereon. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. 
" Whether an}' Methods should betaken to preserve Deer Island 
Head from the further Incroaclunents of the Sea" 

Voted, that Joshua Henshaw 

Royal Tyler 
Sanmel AVells 
Samuel AVentworth 
Nathaniel Wheelright Esqrs. 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to examine into the 
present Circumstances of Deer Island Head, and to make a true 
representation [55G.] Thereof to the General Court at their 
next Session ; at the same tinie setting forth of what importance 
it is to the trading Interest of this Province that said Head Land 
and thereby this Harbour should be preserved from the ruin that 
now threatens them ; and pra3'iug that such speedy and effectual 
methods may be taken for this i)urpose, as the General Court in 
their Great Wisdom shall think meet. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Wan-ant. Viz'. 
" Whether any more effectual Measures shall be taken for the pre- 
" venting Chimnies so frequently taking Fire " — — 

Voted, that Joshua llenshaw Ksq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
M^ Samuel Adams 
M^ Benjamin Dolbear 
be and hereby are a|)pointed a Conniiittee, to consider of the 
Scheem which Thomas Daws Esq, has laid before ihe Town rela- 
tive to this matter ; as also of any other Proposals that may come 
before said Committee ; and tluit they Ive[)ort at the Adjournment 
of this INIooting, what Measures they apprehend most expedient to 
be taken for the puri)ose aforesaid. 

That Clause in the Warrant. Viz'. "Whether any furtlier step 
" can now be taken for the more speedy and effectual supplying 



98 City Document No. 88. 

" the Overseers of the Poor with Money for the purchasing Neces- 
" sarys for the Almshouse, being considered, the Question was 
" accordingly put — AVhether any such step could now be taken 
" Passed in the Negative." 

That Clause in the Warrant, Viz'. " Whether the Town will im- 
" prove the Indulgence of the General Court, which by a [^5511,^ 
" Late Law permits them to Elect and Appoint, Four meet Per- 
" sons as Fire-Wards, in addition to the present number of twelve 
'* &°." being Read, it was Voted, that tl)e Consideration thereof be 
referred over to the next March Meeting. 

That Clause in the Warrant relative to a Bill now pending in the 
General Court directing how Rates and Taxes shall be Assessed 
and Collected &^ &". being read, it was Voted that the considera- 
tion of t!iis Matter be referred over to the Adjournment of this 
Meeting, Also Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to get printed, 
and dispers'd amongst the Inhabitants, Copys of the Bill now 
pending before the General Court relative to some new power being 
given the Collectors of Taxes. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the Twenty 
first Instant at Nine O'clock in the Forenoon, and the same was 
Adjourned accordingly. 

Wednesday September 21 9. O'Clock in the Forenoon, the Town 
Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed the 10'^ of May last upon the affair 
of M''. Solomon Kneelands Land in Water Street Report — That 
having met M"". Kneeland and viewd the Laud taken from him to 
widen the Street are of Opinion, That the said Solomon Kneeland 
be allowed the Sum of Six; Pounds Seventeen Sliillings and four 
Pence for the Land taken from him and added to Water Street ; 
whereupon Voted tliat the said Report be and hereby is accepted, 
and tliat M"". Kneeland have a Draft on the Treasurer accordingly. 

That Clause in the Warrant relative to a Bill now pending in 
the General Court, which relates to the Collecting of Taxes, was 
read, [558.] And after debate had thereon, the Question was 
put Viz'. ''Whether the Town approve of the Bill now pend- 
ing in the General directing how Rates and Taxes shall be Assessed 
and Collected ife*^. in its present form Passed in the Nega- 
tive. 

Report of the Committee relative to the Longe Wharfe was read, 
and after debate had theron, it was Voted that the further Con- 
sidex'ation thereof should be deferred. 

Voted, that John Avery Esq. 

Samuel Weutworth Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Nathaniel Wheelwright Esq. 
John S col I ay Esq. 
M''. Thomas Gray 
M^ John Pigeon 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to hear the Collectors 
of the Town, and to examin into their difficultys in Collecting the 
Taxes, and in what Instances it may be expedient to enable the 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 99 

Collectors to Sue at Common Law, for the Taxes so commiltcd to 
them to Collect, and to Ueport as soon as may be 

The Committee ajj^ointed the ()"'. of September Instant to 
consider of the expcdit'iicy of shutting up Ilog Alley — Report, 
That they had attended that Service, and find that said Alley has 
been used as a publiek Way for a long course of Years, and was 
Recorded as such in the Town Records in the Year 1708 — that 
it is not attended with much greater Nusances than such narrow 
I'assages generally are — That the danger arising from Horses 
and Cows passing through the same may be prevented if the Town 
think proper to fix Turn I'ikes at each end of the Alley, and that 
they did not apprehend such a necessity for shutting u\y the said 
Alley as would Justefie their Rei)orting in favor of it — whereu[)on 
[559.] Voted, that this Report be accepted and that the Select- 
men be and hereby are desired and impower'd to provide Turn 
Pikes for Ilog AUev, and that the same be fixed as soon as may 
be 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. and others a Conunittee reletive to Chim- 
nies having made Rei)ort, it was thereupon Yoted, that the same 
be recommitted, and that Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. and James 
Otis Esq. he and herebey are added to said Committee, who are 
desired to Report at the Adjoniment of this Meeting. 

Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Tuesday Oclober 4"'. 
3 O'clock P: M : And the Meeting was adjouru'd accordingly. 

Tuesday October 4"'. 3 O'Clock P : M : The Town Met according 
to Adjournment. 

The Committee relative to Chimnies having acquainted the Town 
that by reason of the absence of several of their number, and for 
other Causes, they were not yet able to make Report, upon which 
it was Voted, that said Committee be requested to have further 
consideration on that IMatt^'r, and that they Re[)ort at the next 
General 'i'own Meeting. 

The Committee relative to Circular Line, Rei)ort, That they find 
the following facts among the Records of the rown. That on the 
.')"' of September 1G73, at a General Town Meeting, (the Council 
having recommended to the Selectmen of the Town the erecting a, 
Wall or Wharff of Brick and Stone upon the Flatts before the 
Town from the Sconce to Cap'. Scarlets Wharfe or to use some 
other means for the security of the Town from the approach of an 
Enemy which recouuneudation they then laid before the Town, and 
the following Votes, passed thereon — P'. Whether the Inhabi- 
tants will be at any charge for ei-ecting such a [5(50.] Wall or 

Wharff it passed in the Negative 2'^. the Question was 

put, whether the Selectmen of the Town may order and dispose of 
the Flatts before the Town, from the Sconce to Cap'. Scarlets 
Wharff, for the better security of the Town, as they may Judge 
best, any former order to the contrary notwithstautling. It was 
resolved in the airermative — In consequence of tliis Vote the 
Committee find that the Selectmen on the 5"' of September 1G73 
did agree with a number of Peisons to erect a Wall and Wharif of 
fcjtone and Wood upon the following terms, viz'. — That upon 



100 City Document No. 88. 

their complcating said Wharff asreable to tlie Conditions containd 
in their agreement with the said Selectmen which Agreement is in 
the Records of the Town in Book N. 2. Page 81 — they should 
have right to l)uild in hack irom said AVall "200 feet towards the 
Town in proportion to the breadth that they build in y*'. front, and 
that the remainder of the Flatts should be open for the security of 
Vessells ; but that those u ho undertook any part of this Wall, and 
were Abutters on the within Cove should also have right to Whavff 
out before their own Land, and in proportion with others -about 
one hundred feet beyond Governor Leverels and M^ Alfords 
Wharfes and to improve the same for their best advantage, to them 
their Heirs and Assigns forever as should be staked out in a Cir- 
cular Line according to a Piatt or Map then taken of the Cove, 
reserving also to such others of the Abuttors or Borderers on the 
said Flatts who refused to Join in the said Wall, liberty of egress 
and regress, lying at their Wharffs Loading and unloading &.'^. 

The Committee further find that iit a Meeting of the Town 
Mtirch 29"'. 1728 a Committee was appointed to inspect into the 
ruinous conditions the out \V haiffs granted to the several Under- 
takers in the Year 1G73 are in ; and to Report at the next General 
Meeting what they should think i)ro|)er for the Town to do to Re- 
dress said grieveance — And accordnigly at the next [561.] Meet- 
ing the 14"\ May following they Reported that three Years should 
be allowed them to Rebuild tlie said Wharffs according to their 
Agreement with the Town and they who should not build up their 
respective parts in said term of three Years, should forfeit their 
Rights and Privileges granted them l)y the Town, and that proper 
Methods in such case should be taken to declare the same null and 
void, which Report was read and accepted, and that at the next 
Meeting the June following the said Report was committed to the 
Representatives of the Town, and it was Voted that they should 
be desired to lay it before the (lenerul Court and take proper 
methods to have it confirm'd, but the Committee do not find that 
the Court did anything relative thereto, or that it was ever laid 
before the Court. 

The Committee also find with the Records of the Town a Plan 
of the Line of defence and of the Cove within the same, taken by 
M'. Jacob Slieaff"e by order of the Selectmen in 1708 which Plan so 
far as they have been able to obseive, exactly correspond, with 
the desciiptions of a Circular Line referr'd to in many of the 
ancient Records of the Town, and are of opinion that the said 
Plan is a good & sufficient one to settle the several boundaries by, 
but at tiie same time recommend it to the Town that this Plan be 
immediately run out by some skillful Person. 

It further appears by said Plan that there are several encroach- 
ments upon said Line and that if something be not immediately 
done further encroachments will soon be made, contrary as the 
Committee apprehend to the Interest of the Town in general, as 
well as very prejudicial to the properly of many of the Inhabitants, 
for it is quite apparent should some of the Abutters go on to 
Wharfe out as they have begun they will soon intersect one 
another, and needlessly close up a great part of the Cove, when 



Boston Town Records, 1763. 101 

not any of the Abutters have jight to exceed the Circuhir Line, 

and by I'ur the greater part eaiinoL Wharfe out eveu to Ihat 

without special leave to the Town. The Committee are also of 
opinion that it would be for the Interest of the Town to ajtpoint 
[5i>!^.] A Commillce to meet the several Proprietors of Wharles 
abutting on or near tlic C'ircular Line and that such Committee be 
directed and im[)Ower'd to renew said Line with said Proprietors 
and explain and reduce to the greatest certainty the manner of 
extending the Wharfs of such as have right to build out, to the 
Circular Line, as also to aecounnodate all differences between the 
Town and such as have encroached on the Towns Lauds, within or 
without the Circular Line and to make Report to the Town at their 
next Meeting in order for their acceptance and that the Selectmen 
in the nieau lime be directed and imiK)wered to bring forward and 
[)iosecute such Action or Actions for removing or \)reventing en- 
croachments on the Towns Lands within or without the Circular 
Line, as by Council learned in the Law be advised — which is sub- 
mitted in the Name and by order of the Committee 

Royal Tvlek 
Whereupon it was Voted that the Report be accepted ; it was 
further Voted that Royal Tyler Esq. 

Samuel Grant Esq. 
Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 
Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. 
]\F. Henderson Inches 
be and heieby are appointed a Committee to meet the seveial 
Proprietors of Wharfes abutting on or near the Circular Line who 
are hereby directed and impowerd to renew said Line with said 
Proprietors and explain and reduce to the greatest certainty the 
manner of extending the Wharfe of such as have right to build 
out to the Circular Line ; as also to accommodate all dill'eience be- 
tween the Town and such as have encroached on the Town Lauds, 
within or without the Circular Line, and to make Report at next 

General Town Meeting 

The Committee Appointed tiie l()'M)ay of May last [503.] 
To consider of the Petiliou of liie Proi)rietors of the Long Wharfe 
Report, That having considered the Petition, heard the Pe- 
titioners and viewd the Premisses, it was their Opinion that the 
Prayer of the Petition be granteiL and that the Petitioners be per- 
mitted to extend the Pier of the Wharf as pray'd for, and that the 
Town direct the Selectmen to execute a Deed of Grant without 
Warranty of the Flatts within the said extent ; after considerable 
debate the Question was put — Viz'. Whether the said Report shall 
be accepted — Passed in the Affermative. 

The Committee appointed the 21''. of September last to hear 
the Collectors of the Town and to examine into their diflicultys 
&". and in what instances it may be expedient to enable the Col- 
lectors to Sue at Common Law for the Taxes &*= Repoi t 

V\ When any Person alter l)eing duly rated in this Town shall 
conceal his Person and Estate ; that the 'Collectors or^ Constables 
shall have his remedy to recover by Suit against the Trustees of 
such Offender, as Creditors have by Law to recover their Debts — 



102 City Document No. 88. 

2nd_ When any Person rated as aforesaid shall die before pay- 
ment of his Taxes ; or when the Collector or Constable shall die 
before perfecting his Collection, the Executors and Administrators 
respectively may Sue or be Sued 

3'^. When any Person duly rated in this Town, shall remove 
out of it and become an Inhabitant of another without paying his 
Tax, the Collector shall have his Action at Law 

4'^. When any Single Woman is rated, and before payment of 
said Taxes intermarrys, that the Collector or Constable may bring 
Action against the Husband. 

After some debate had upon the above Report, it was Voted 
that the same be considered of Paragraph by Paragraph, and the 
first Paragraph being again read. Voted that the same be accepted 
— The 'i**. Paragra[)h beiug again read. Voted, tliat the same be 
accepted — The o**. Paragraph being again read. Voted, that the 
same be accepted, The 4"*. Paragraph being again read. Voted, 
that the same be accepted — It was further Voted, that when the 
time of payment to the respective Treasurers is [564.] Elapsed, 
and the Collectors and Constables have paid the Sums given them 
to Collect, that they shall have remedie by Suit against Delin- 
quents for the same Year for which they have so paid in, to be in 
force for two Years and no longer. 

Voted, that the Representatives of the Town be and hereby are 
desired and Instructed to use their best influence at the General 
Court, that a Law may be p]n acted which shall include the Spirit 
and Substence of tiie above Votes, relative to Collecting of Taxes 
&c. 

Voted, tliat the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
James Otis Esq. the M(jderator of this Meeting for dispatching 
the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and Warned in Publiclv Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Mall on Monday the 20"^. of Feb- 
ruary 17G4. 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. D^ Sewall. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Town proceeded to the choice of a Moderator by a Hand 
Vote, when the Ilon'"''^. Thomas Hul)bard Esq. was Unanimously 
chosen 

[565.] The Petition of a number of Inliabitants respecting 
the Small Pox was read ; — As also the Petiiion of others respect- 
ing Inoculating Hospitals was also read — After considerable 
debate on the subject matter of tliese Petitions 

Voted, Unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and liereby 
are given to the Gentlemen the Selectmen of the Town for their 
great care and pains to prevent the spread of the Small Pox in 
this Town ; and that they be desired to continue their good Offices 
for that end. 



Boston Town Records, 1764. 103 

Voted, That the Gentlemen the Selectmen together with James 
Otis, John Ruddock, Sumuel Wells, Harrison Gr:iy, Foster Ihitcb- 
insou Es(j". M''. Thomns Giay, Benjamin Kent cV: John 'J'udor Esq", 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take into their serious 
Consideration what Measures are most expedi- ut for tl:c Town to 
lake in their present distress'd Circumstances, by reason of tiie 
Small Pox, more especially the Proposals made relative to Inocu- 
lating Hospitals, and to IJeport at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Fryday 
next at 10 O'clock in the Forenoon. 

Febiuary 21"'. 10 O'Clock A. M: Tiic Town Met according to 

Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed the 20"'. of this Instant February to 
consider what arc the most expedient Methods for the Town to 
take in tlieir present distressed Circumstances by reason of the 
Small Pox, and of the Proposals made relative to Inoculating 
Hos[)itals — Report, That it be recommended to the Selectmen 
still to continue their endeavors to prevent the Spread of the Dis- 
temper, and that for the accommodation of such of the Inhabitants, 
as are inclined to take the Distemper [5GG.] By Inoculation it 
will be expedient for the Town to countenance the Establishment 
of Inoculating Hospitals, and they lind U[;ou en(]uiry that the 
Houses at Point Shirley are very convenient for thai purpose; 
that a numlier of Physiciiins have hired the llous;s at said Place 
with a view of improving them as Inoculating Hospitals, and are 
ready to tidmit any of the Physicians of tlie Town to Inuculate 
thc'ij' Patients there, they payii g a reasonable consideration for the 
Houses and Furniture, and that a nunilu'r of Physicians are about 
engaging Houses at some of the 1-lands near the Town for the 
same purpose — They further Report that they have also con- 
sidered the Petition fi r estai)lishing an Inoculating Hos[)ital in this 
Town, and ai'e of opinion it will nut be convenient at present to 
have such an lIos[)ital within the Peninsula 

The above Report having been read, and debate had thereon, 

Voted, that the same be accepted 

Voted, that the Selectmen acquaint J\P. Nathan Spear now sick 
with the Small Pox, that it is the desire of the Town now As- 
sembled in Town Meeting, that he would consent to bis being 
immediately removed to the Hospital at West Boston — provided 

it can be done with safety to his Life 

Upon a Motion made & seconded. Voted, that 

Thomas Hubbard 

Samuel Wells 

John Ruddock 

Robert Auchmuty 

Benjamin Kent 

Foster Hutcliinsou Esq". 

M^ Samuel Adams 

M^ Henry Newmaa 

Richard Dana Esq. 



104 City Document No. 88. 

[567.] Be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to examin the 
several Laws of this Province rehxtive to Infectious Distempers, 
and Report to the Town at their next Meeting, their Opinion of 
the exjicdiency of applying to tlie General Court for any further 
Act. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted unanimously That 
the Thanks of this Town be and hereby are given the Rev**. M'. 
George Whitefield for his Charitable care and pains in collecting a 
considerable Sum of Money in Great Britain for the distressed 

Sufferers by the great Fire in Boston Anno Domini 1760 and 

that, 

James Otis Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

"William Pliillips Esq. 

John Steel Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to wait on M^ White- 
field, and inform him of this Vote ; and that he be presented with 

a Copy thereof 

Voted, That the Thanks of the T<jwn be and hereby are given 
to the Hon'''''. Thomas Hubbard Esq. the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing for dispatching the Business thereof 
Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[568.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and 
warned in pul)lick Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the TJ"'. Day of March 
Anno Dom. 17()4. 
Prayer was made by the Rev''. M^ Andrew Elliot 

The Warrant for calling tlie Meeting read. 

Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read. 

James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting and 
took the Oalh respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the Governments of Connecticut iN'ew Hampshire and Rhode 
Island, as required by an Act of this Province. 

William Cooper was ciiosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oath relating to iiis receiving and paying 
Bills of Credit of tlie other Governments, took the Oath of Office 
for the faithful discharge of his duty which Oaths were admiuis- 

tred to him by the Hon'''''. Samuel Wells Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeard that 
Joshua Henshaw 
Joseph Jackson 
John Scollay 
Benjamin Austin 
Samuel Sewall 



Boston Town Records, 1764. 105 

Nathaniel Thwing 

John Ruddock Esq". 

were chose Selectmen fur the Year ensuing 

[56D.] Thomas Cusliing Esq. one of the late Selectmen Iiav- 
ing before tlie above choice informed the Town, that he was mucli 
obliged to tiiem for the Honor done him in choosing him a Select- 
man for a number of Years past ; that he found his Business would 
not permit liim to serve in tliat Office any hjuger, and therefore de- 
sired his Name might not be put in the new List Samuel Hews 

and Ezekiel Lewis Esq. having made a like excuse and expressed the 

same desire It was Unanimously Voted, That the Tlianks of 

the Town be and hereby are given to the above named Gentlemen, 

for their faithful services as Selectmen some time past 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeard, that 

John Barratt Esq. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 

M"". Benjamin Dolbear 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

M^ Jonathan Mason 

M'. Henry Bromtield 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

]\T. William Whilwell 

Cap'. Benjamin Hainmatt 

M^ Henderson Inches 

M^ Ebenezer Storer 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Y''ear ensuing and took 

the Oaths required by Law 

The Votes were brought in for a Town Treasurer, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that M''. David Jeffries was unanimously 
chosen, and having taken the Oalh relating to his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath 
of Oflice for the faithful discharge of his duty, which Oaths were 
administred to him [570] By the Honorable Samuel Wells 

Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard that 

M\ William Whitwell 

M^ Nathaniel Holmes 

Maj^ Newman Grenough 

Onesip'. Tileston Esq. 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

William Holmes Esq. 

M^ Johnson Jackson 

John Gore Esq. 

M^ William Gray 

Benjamin Andrews Esq. 

M^ Thomas Eletchcr 

Cap'. William Eisher 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

Royal Tyler Esq. in the name of the Overseers represented to 



106 City Document No. 88. 

the Town, that being acquainted by the Selectmen that a number 
of Physicians wore willing to Inoculate such of the Poor Gratis, 
as were desirous of receiving the Small Pox in that way ; they 
had accordingly waited upon those Gentlemen, who readily en- 
gaged to carry through that Distemper their proportion of the 
Poor of the Town eitlier in the natural way or by Inoculation, as 
also to find Medicines and give proper attendance Gratis — they 
mentioned among other Things, that they were apprehensive that 
the great number of Persons which will be immediately laid down 
may so take up the attention of those Physicians who have thus 
engaged, as to prevent them in some instances fi om attending the 
sick Poor who may thereby suffer ; and that therefore they had 
secured as Physicians to be at the call of the Overseers in all such 
cases — whereupon it was Voted [571.] That the C<mduct of the 
Overseers in those particulars are satisfactory to the Town 

Voted that the Town Clerk be directed to Advertize in the sev- 
eral News Papers, that it is expected !ind required of the Inhabi- 
tants that thc'V strictly conform to the Law relative to sweeping of 
Chimnies &''. as Fires at this Time of sickness must be peculiarly 
distressing 

Voted, that the Gentlemen Overseers of the Poor be desired to 
take such care of the Chimnies of the Houses occupied by those 
Persons who are unable to pay the Charge of sweeping &'^. as they 
may apprehend most for the safety of the Town 

Upon consider;ition of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) 
" Whether anj^ Measures shall be taken to prevent Strangers 
coming into the Town or any of the Inhabitants to be Inoculated 
after a certain Time allowed for that purpose 

Voted, that the Hon'''''. Harrison Gray Esq. 
IIon'''^ Samuel Wells Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
John Barratt Esq. 
Thomas Gushing Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider of this Mat- 
ter, and Report as soon as may be 

Voted, that any Person chosen into the Office of a Constable for 
the Year ensuing ma}' be excused from serving, on his paying the 
Sum of Four Pounds. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables ; the 
Persons [57* 
Mess". 



p. J unose mio inar vjmce an 
Augustus Hale 


- Sworn 


Nathaniel Thayer - 


d°. 


James Thomas 


d". 


Francis Salmon 


d". 


Edward Baker 


d°. 


John Welds - - - 


- d". 


Thomas Bradford - 


d». 


John Kinney - - - 


d\ 


Thomas Moore 


d". 


Isaac Ridgway 


d". 



Boston Town Records, 1764. 107 

Samuel Procter . - - - d". 
Samuel IMcCluio . - - - d". 
Elisha liylos - - excused having served. 
The Town brought in Iheir V'otes for Sixteen Fire Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Josejih Jackson Esq. 
John Scollay Esq. 
Royal Tyler Esq. 
Newman Grenough Esq. 
Cap'. Solomon Davis 
M'. William Cooper 
]\P. Samuel Austin 
M^ Josepli Jackson 
John Rowe Esq. 
M^ Jolm Mico Wendell 
M^ Henderson Inches 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Holmes Esq. 
M'. Joseph Tyler 
M"". Jonathan Williams 
[573.] ar. Timothy Fitch 

were choSe for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the 
Market, and upon sorting them it appear'd, tiiat 
Mess". Benjamin Henderson 
Benjamin Edes 
Samuel Torrey 
John Scott 
John Cunningham 
Edward Walker 
Ezra Collins 
Thomas Browne 
Tlionias Leverctt 
Jeremiah Belknap 
Joseph Tyler 
Edward Blauchard 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjournal to 3 O'Clock P. M. 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

The Town took into consideration a proposal made by one of 
their Committees the last Year, for chosing Six Collectors of 
Taxes, and the Question being put (Viz'.) Whether there shall be 

six Collectors chose Passed in the Negative 

Voted, that the Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as tliey shall Collect, 
provided they pay into the Town Treasury one half part of 
the whole Sum they are obliged to [574.] Pay him, witiiin tour 
Mounths from the Time they receive the Tax Books from the 
Assessors, and the other half in three Months after ; and also pay 
into the Province and County Treasuries one half part of the whole 



108 City Document No. 88. 

Sura they shall be obliged them respectively in seven Months from 
the time they shall receive the Tax Books from the Assessors as 
aforesaid, and the other half part in Five Months after ; and in 
case either of said Collectors shall fail paying in the manner 
aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to the 
aforesaid allowance of Nine Pence on the Pound, but wholly 
forfeit the same; provided also that each of said Collectors give 
Bond with sufBeient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, 
for the faithful discharge of their duty in said Office, and com- 
plying with the Vote 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary power as to 
the payment of the Collectors Premium, for the Year ensuing, any 

former Vote notwithstanding 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it ai)peard that 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 

M'. John (irant 

M'. Samuel Adams 

Cap'. Gyles Harris 

were chose into that Office 

The Committee relative to Chimnies acquainting the Town that 
they were not yet ready to make Report — Voted that said Com- 
mittee be required to have fuither consideration on the Matter and 

Report at the General Town Meeting to be held in May next 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors 
[575.] And upon sorting them it appeard that, 
Mess". William Fairfield 

John Knee land 

Benjamin Church 

Jonathan Brown 

Samuel Downe 

Belcher Noyes Esq. 

WilliMm Torrey 

were chose into that Office for the Year ensuing 

M^ John Gray was chosen Surveyor of Hemp. 
Mess". William Nichols 

Clement Collins 

Jacob Thayer 

Henry Allyne 

John Grenough 

Andrew Symms 

Isaac Vergoose 

John Sergeant 

William Payne 

John Langley 

Richard Walker 

John Skillins 
were chose Surveyers of Boards & Shingles for the Year ensuing. 

Onesip'. Tileston Esq. 

M^ Obediah Lowe 

Hopestill Capen 

William Crafts 



Boston Town Records, 17G4. 109 

Samuel Dyer 

Beujaiiiiu Andrews Esq. 
[576.] Were chose Fence Viewera for the Year ensuing 
Mess". Sutton Byles 

Cornelius Thayer 

Isaac Haws 

William Cromby 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Nathaniel Gardner 

Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manasseh Masters 

Josepli Dyer 

John Harskins 

David Spear 

Nathan Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Samuel Tieat 

Kobei t Brick Jun"". 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owe II 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward ("owell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Robert Treat 
[577 .] Were chose Cullers of Staves for the Y^ear ensuing 

Mess". David Simcus. 
John Bacon 
were chose Ilogreeves for the Y'^ear ensuing 

M^ Edward Curtis 

was chosen IlayAvaid for the Y'ear ensuing 

The Committee Appointed to consider "Whether the Town will 
take any Measures to prevent Strangers coming into the Town or 
any of the Iiihabitnnts to be Inoculated after a certain Time 

allowed for that purpose " Report That no Person not being 

an Inhabitant of this Town shall have lit)erty to come into this 
Town in order to be Inoculated uutill the first of April, nor shall 
be Inoculated in said Town after the 10"*. Day of April next. And 
those of the Inhabitants of the Town that have removed into the 
Country, shall not have liberty to be Inoculated in the Town after 
the first Day of May next, unless at that Time there shall be 

upwards of twenty Familys visited with that Distemper" 

After debate had theron, the Question was put, Whether said 

Report be accepted Passed in the Affermative 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "Whether the Town will 
" accept of the Grant of Three Thousand Pounds made to them 



110 City Document No. 88. 

"by the General Couit at their last Session, which together with 
" what has been already advanced was Voted in full consideration 
"for what they have over paid in the Publick Taxes for Years 
past " was read and after many objections and diffictiltys mentioned, 

and a large deliate 

Voted, That considering the distressing Circumstances of the 
Inhabitants by means of the Small Pox, and the absolute Neces- 
sity of ready Money for the Poor and Ne:'dy, the Town do accept 
the Grant aforesaid and hereby direct the Town Treasurer to apply 
to His Excellency [578.] I'he Governor and the Hon''''', the 
Council for a Warrant on the Province Treasurer for the Three 
Thousand Pounds granted 

Mess". Robert Edwards 
Ezra Collins 
Johu Martin 
William Daws 
Ebenezer Lowell 
Jeremiah Webb 
William Scott 
Gershom Tiuuey 
John Welch 
Ephraim Mayes 
Benjamin Burt 
Edward Winter 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that M^ Thomas Gray 

William Story Esq. 
M'. Ezekiel Price 
M^ Timothy Newell 
M^ John Muffatt 
be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of M"". Treasurer Jeffi ies, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor; and the siiid Committee are eujoin'd to in- 
spect every particular Account of the Monys espendecl for the use 
of the Almshouse ; they are also irapowcrd when they shall Audit 
said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as shall advance 
Moneys for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums, from 
the Time so advanced, till they shall have Audited said Accpmpts 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Scollay Ksq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
[579.] were chose [)urchasers of Gi'ain for the Year ensuing 
And they are desired and impowered to give all needful di- 
rections to the Keeper of the Granary, respecting the Quantitys of 
Grain to be sold, and affixing the price iheieof from Tiane to Time 
as occasion shall require — — 

Mess". Martin Gay 
David Cutler 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

M^ Abijah Adams 
was chosen Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market for the Year ensuing. 
Upon consideratiott oft that Clause in the Warrant. (Viz'.) " To 



Boston Town Kfxords, 17G4. Ill 

consider whether they will choose a Committee to examine the Ac- 

corapts of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries," 

Voted, that M^ William Greanlcaffe 

AVilliam rhillii)S Esq. 

Royal Tyler Ksq. 



be and hereby are Appointed a Committee for that pnrposo 

Upon consideration of that Chinse in the Warrant. (Viz'.) 
" Whether the Town will take on their risque such Tickets in 
Faneuil Hall Lotteiys as may remain unsold on the Days that may 

be assigu'd by the Managers for drawing said Lotteries " The 

Question was put accordingly Passed in the Afferraative 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to the next Morning. 9 
O'clock 

Tuesday Morning. 9 O'clock Met nccording to Adjournment. 
William Story Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 

[580.] were by a Vote of the Town added to the Committee 
Appointed by the Town, to examine the Accompts of the Managers 
of Faneuil Hall Lotteries 

The Petition of John Pigeon and others relative to Paveing i)art 
of Fish Street, being rend Voted that the fuit!)er considera- 
tion thereof be referred to the General Town Meeting to be held 
in May next 

The Selectmen were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the 

Year ensuing 

Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 
John Tuder Esq. 
were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing — 

Voted, that the Assessors be and are hereby impowered and 
directed to set for the al)atement of such Taxes as they shell 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday, till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an oppdrtunity (;f applying in tlie 
above limited Time, by reason of their being out of the Province, 
at which Time they are also allowed and inipowerd to abate the 
Taxes of such Persons, as may have died Insolvent or become 
Bankrupts between the said last Thursday in April and the last 
Day of November. 

Voted, that the consideration of the School blasters Salarys, and 
all other Salarys and Grants be referred to next May Meeting 

[581.] Voted, that such of the Inhabit:ints as shall Advance 
Moneys to the Town for the use of the Almshouse ou or before 
the 1;')"^. of April next, be and hereby are allowed after the rate of 
6 p c'. upon such Sums as they shall so ailvance. said Monys to 
be paid by the Collectors to the Overseers of t!ie Poor, to be by 
tlieiu laid out in Provisions, and other Nec-cssarys for the use afore- 
said ; and the Collectors are hcre')v Ordered and impowered to dis- 
count those Sums together with the a'.louauce thereon out of the 
said Gentlemens respective Taxes for the Year 1 7G t 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Ai)pointed a Com- 
mittee to Act upon the List of Jurors 



£29 




5 




27 




G 




29 




11 




30 




— 


»' ■"" 


31 




4 


1^ 


26 




o 


ij 


31 




1 





112 CiTF Document No. 88. 

Tlie Selectmen Reported, on the Account of M'. John Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt as en- 
tred in his Books, and on File in the Town Clerks Office was read, 
whereupon it was Voted that the samo be accepted, and tliat M\ 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 680 Bushels Indian Corn, 
and 60 Bushels of Rye remaining unsold amounting to £129 ,, 1 
,, 4. nnd also for the Sum of £250 ,, 4 ,, 574 in Cash now in his 
hands, exclusive of the Sura of £26 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and 
Assistance, as charged in his Account, which is hereby allowed 

him. 

The Committee Appointed to Examin the Accounts of the Man- 
agers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries Report that they had Exam- 
ined the Accounts of the Managers for Lotteries N''. 1 & 2 and 

found the same right cast whereupon Voted that said 

Report be accepted, and that the following Sums be allowed and 
paid to said Managers in full of their Accounts 
To Thomas Cushing Esq. - 

Samuel Ilews P^sq. 

John ScoUay Esq. 
[582.] Benjamin Austin Esq. - 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

M"'. Sam. Phi. Savage - 

P^zekiel Lewis Esq. - • - 
The Committee appointed to Audit M"". Treasurer Jeffries Ac- 
counts of last Year, not being al)le to Report. Voted that it is the 
desire of the Town that they make said Report next May 
Meeting. 

The Petition of James T>ay, that a balance due from him to the 
Town when a Collector of Taxes may be Remitted him for reasons 
set forth in that Petion, was considered whereupon Voted that 
the Prayer of the Petion be granted, and that the balance due 
from him to the Town as set forth in said Petition, l)e and hereby 

is Remitted him. 

The Town having taken into consideration the Report- of the 
Committee respecting Inoculation which Report was accepted and 

stands entred in these Records six Pages back 

Voted, That the said Report be in part reconsidered, and that 
all Persons Inhabitants and others have free liberty to come into 
Town and be Inoculated ]>efore the 2U'\ of April next; and that 
after that Time the Selectmen be desired to take the same Meas- 
ures for cleansing the Town of y*^. Infection as were practized in 
1732 and that those Votes be published in the Boston News Papers, 
that all Persons may have notice of the Town resolutions and con- 
form themselves accordingly. 

The Committee Appointed the 24"^, of February last to examine 
the several Laws of this Province respecting Infectious Distem- 
pers — Report — That under the present situation and Circum- 
stances of the Town, it does not appear to them to be expedient 
to apply to [583.] The General Court for any further Act — 
Which Report being read, the Question was put " Whether the 

Bame shall be accepted — Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — Voted t'lat the Town 



Boston Town Records, 1764. 113 

Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to retain in his hands the 
whole of the Money lately granted the Town by the General Court, 
excepting what may be required ou Aecoimfc of the Small Pox, 
imtill the further Order of the Town. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and herelty are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next to be then considered of an 1 acted u[)on 

Voted, unanimously, That the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meet- 
ing for dispatching the liusiness thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other InhalVitants of tlit 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publiek To vi: 
Meeting Asserai)led at Faaueil Hall ou Tuesday the loth Day ot 
May Anno Domini 1704. 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. M"". Cooper. 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 

[584.] Sundry Laws enjoin'd to lie read at this Meeting, were 
accordingly read 

Joshua Menshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to thj choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Concord upon Wednrsda}' the 
30"*. Day of May Current, and in order thereto to consider and as- 
certain the numlver of Gentlemen to l)e Electc<l ; accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of four Ivepresentatives ; antl 
then it w:is declareil by tlie Selectmen that no Vote will be received 
but such as are unfolded, and that thev propose the Poll shaA be 
closed at 1 2 O'Clock. 

The Votes being brought in, the numlier of Voters weie found 
to be 449, and upon sorting them it appcanl that the four follow- 
ing Geutleraen were chose Viz'. 

Royal Tyler Esq. 420 

James Otis Esq. ---------- 423 

Thomas Cusliman Esq. -------- 373 

Oxenbridge Thacher Esq. ------- 430 

The choice of Ueprescntatives being over, and declared by tin 
Selectmen; the Inhaititants were directed to withdraw and hi'mj. ir 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that tlit; 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned ik 
the Warrant; accordingly the Inliabitants withdrew and bnnight 
in iheir Votes, and upon sorting them it appenr'd that the Hon'''* 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Towr 
Meeting Assembled May 15. 1701. 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annu^al Meet- 
ing the 10*. Day of May 1705 desiring the Selectmen to visit thi 
several publiek Schools in the Town, nnO to invite such Gentleuien 
to [_iyS5,^ Accompany them therein as ney should think proper^ 



114 City Document No. 88. 

and to Report thereoti We the Subscribers accordingly attend- 
ed that Service on Wednesday the 29*. of June last, accompanyed 

by the followinging Gentlemen Viz'. 

His Excellency the Governor 
The Hon'''*. John Gsborn Esq. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq. 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

Thomas Hancock Esq. 

Thomas Flucker Esq. 
The Representatives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Arnold Wells Esq. 

Bytield Lyde Esq. 

Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 

John Winthrop Esq. 

Leonard Jervis Esq. 

Benjamin Hallowcll Esq. 

M^ Treasurer Jeffries 

Nicholas Boylston Esq. 

M^ James Perkins 

John Grant Esq. 

Jeremiah Green Esq. 
Mess". Thomas Gray 

Samuel Phillips Savage 

Joseph Waldo 

Jonathan Clark 

Ichabod Jones 

Edward Foster 

Samuel Downe 

Benjamin Parker 
[586.] Rev^. Samuel Checkley Jun' 

Samuel Cooper 

Andrew Elliot 

Mather Bylos 

Samuel Mather 

Ebenezer Pemberton 

Samuel Checkley 
D": Jonathan Mayhew 

Charles Chansey 

Joseph Sewall 
And found the South Grammar School had 135 Scholars — the 
North Grammar School 53 Scholars — the North Writing School 
171 Scholars, the South Writing School 230 Scholars, the Writing 

School in Queen Street 238 Scholars, all in very good order 

John Scollay 
Benjamin Austin 



r. t^ c Selectmen of Boston. 

Samuel Sewall ( 

Nathaniel TiiwingJ 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that tlie 

Gontlem" — the Selectmen be desired to visit the publick Schools 

the Year ensuing, and that they desire such Gentlemen to accom- 



Boston Town Records, 17(34. 115 

pany them thereiu tis they shall think convenient ; and that they 
iieport 1 hereon 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjonrned to 3 O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'clock P: M: Tlic Town Jleet according to Adjournment. 

The Petition of a number of Inliabitauts for Paving part of 
Moon Court was read and debated, whereupon Voted that the 
same be dismissed 

[587.] The Petition of sundry Inhabitants for Paving part of 
Cambridge .Street was read, and after Debate liad thereon 

Vott'd, that the same be dismissed 

The Petition of sundry Inliabitants for i)aving part of Fish 
Street which was referred to this Meeting, being again read & 
considered — The Question was put — Whetlier the Prayer of 
the Petition be granted — Pass(>d in the Negative — It was then 
Voted that the same be dismiss'd. 

The Petition of John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq. respect- 
ing the damage that part of the Neck leased to them has sustaiu'd 
in the late Storm was read, and after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that Deacon Jonathan Williams 
James Otis Esq. 
John Kowe Esq. 
Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 
John Ruddoek Esq. 
Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 
Henry Lo} de Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take this Petition into 
consideration — view the Premisses — take a Plan of the same — 
ascertain the quantity and quality of the Lands — examine the 
Expences of the Lessees, and Report as soon as may be their 
Opinion relative thereto 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and paid unto M^ Jolm Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar .School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarterly as it shall become due. and to commence at the 
expii-ation of the last (Quarter 

N'oted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
Jinto M'. Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
GraiTiar [588.] School for the ensuing Year, the same to be i)aid 
him quarterly as it shall l)ecome due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

V(jted, tliat the Sum of Eigiity Pounds be allowed and i)aid unto 
]\P. Samuel Ilolyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, tlie same to be jxaci 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last (Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M'. John Procter for his Salaiy as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds, be allowed and 



116 City Document No. 88. 

paid unto M^ John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M^ Abia Holbrook for his Salary as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of ^ixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for tlie ensuing Year, the same to bo paid him quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter. 

[580.] Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M'. Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the 
North Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ John Vinal for his SaLiry as Usher of the AVritiug School iu 
tlie Comiuoil for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him quarteily 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter. -= — 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M''. John Tileston INI aster of the North Writing School for 
providing an Assistant the Yi'ar ensuing, the same be paid him 
quarterly, and to commeuc*' at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed &, paid 
out of the Town Treasury unto M"". David Jeffries for bis services 
as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Expences 
in that Otfice. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is directed and 
impowcr'd to allow the several School-Masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Time 
of ))ayment 

Ihiit Chiuse in theW^arrant (Viz'.) '' Whether Instructions shall 
" be given to the Representatives that may be chose" was read — 
and after Debate had thereon. Voted, tliat 
Richard Dana Esq. 
M^ Samuel Adams 
John RuddcK'k Esq. 

[590.] Nathaniel Belhune Esq. 
Joseph Green Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up said Instruc- 
tions, and that they Report a Draft of the same at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

Royal Tyler Esq. in the Name of the Overseers acquainted 
the Town that 1025 of the poor Inhabitants had passed tln-ough 
the Small Pox by Inoculation under their inspection and care 
a number of whom had been Inoculated, supplied with 



Boston Town Kecords, 17G4. 117 

Medicines and attended Gratis by the Physicians as follows — 

Viz'. 

D'. Kast 150 

D'. Sprague 71 

D". Church & Lord 50 

D'. Roberts 43 

D'. Jackson of P. N. Hampshire ... 33 

D'. Sylvester Gardner 31 

D". Gardner & Barnelt 27 

D'. Clark 27 

D^ John Perkins 24 

D^ Whitworth 23 

D'. Yougust 17 

D^ Bultinch 16 

D^ Pecker 16 

D'. Doubt - 15 

D^ Warren 14 

D'. Loyd 7 

D"". Grozier --.----4 

D'. William Perkins 4 

D'. Pynchon 4 

In all - - - 526 
Whereupon it was Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of ths 
[591.] Town beand hereby are given those Gentlemen Pliysitiaiis, 
who in this Season of difficulty and distress have generously in- 
oculated and carried through the Small Pox Gratis so considerable 
a number of the poor Inhabitants 

The Town entred upon the consideration of that part of the 
Warrant which relates to the clearing of the Town of the Small 
Pox and being informed that many Persons now Inoculated aud 
sick of the said Distemper do come from other Towns to this for 
that purpose 

Voted, tliat the Town esteem it a great grievance that such Per- 
sons obtrude themselves to perpetuate a Distemper among us, 
which the Town are taking every Measure to clear themselves from 
and therefore 

Voted, that the Selectmen take every legal Measure to remove 
any Persons from the Town who shall after this date obtrude 
themselves in the like manner u[)on the Town, and that the Names 
of such Persons who shall hereafter obtrude themselves as afore- 
said, the Towns ihey come from, and the Places in this Town 
where they are harboured, shall be published in the Pajiers, r.nd ail 
the Inhabitants are desired ui)on any such Persons coming into the 
Town, to give immediate notice thereof to tlie Selectmen 

That Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) •■' Whether Application shall 
be made to tlie General Court for relief under tlie present dis- 
tress'd Circumstances of the Town by means of the Small Pox " 
was read and debated, whereupon Voted, that the Committee to 
draw up Instructions, have an Instruction to our Representatives, 
that they as soon as may be ap[)ly to the General Court, for such 
relief as they in their Wisdom may Judge meet 



118 City Document No. 88. 

Upou a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put. 
(Viz'.) " Wlietlier tlie Representatives sliall be Instructed to make 
Application to tlae General Coui't tlie approacliiug Session for an 
Act to be provided [592.] Which shall impower the Selectmen 
to remove any Persons who shall presume to come from other 
Towns into this either infected with the Small Pox, or with design 
to receive the Infection — Passed in the Affermative — It was 
then Voted that the Committee Appointed to draw up Instructions 
to our Representatives, be desired to instruct them on this head 
aecordiui>ly. 

The Committee Appointed the 14'^. of March 1763 to examine 
the Accounts of David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that 
service, and find the same right cast and well vouched, in which 
he chai-ges himself with Sundry Fines Rents and other lucomes of 
the Town as also with the Tax of £4GU0 — all which amount to 
£G9G0 ,, 9 ,, 9| 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry abatements 
made the Collectors amounting to £971 ,, 11 ,, G. by Drafts made 
by the Selectmen amounting to £31G1 ,, 14 ,, 5J of which he has 
]>aid £229G ,, 12 ,, 4|^, and by Drafts made by the Overseers of 
the Poor which contain the Chaiges of the Alms house amounting 
to £2GG5 ,, ,, Oi of which he has paid £1537 ,, 3 ,, 2|- the whole 
amonnt'ng to £G932 ,, 17 ,, 9^ including the Balance of Old 
Account — The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a 
very particular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced 
by the Overseers for the amount of their Drafts and every other 
blanch of i)ublick charge all amounting as above to the Sum of 
£Gc)32 ,, 17 ., 9f as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books Balance whereof being £27 ,, 11 ,, 11 J is car- 
ried to the C''. of new Account. 

"W^iic'.i Report and Account being read ; Voted that the same be 
and hereby is accepted 

Voted, that the Sum of Seven thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within tliis Town for relief of the 
Poor and defraying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year 

[593.] The Town took into consideration that Clause in the 
Warrant (Viz'.) " Whether a further Time shall be allowed the 
Assessors to set for the abatement of such Persons Taxes, as 
by t!ie Small Pox have been prevented from applying in season " 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Assessors be and are hereb}^ directed and im- 
power'd ; that fourteen Dayr^ after the Selectmen have declared 
that the Tovvn is free fiora the })resent Infection ; they shall set 
fourteen Days longer for the Abatement of such Person's Taxes 
as hrd removed out of Town or were sick of the Small Pox, at 
the Time set for the Assessors to make Abatements, at the last 
March Meeting — 

The Town took into consideration the Petition of M"". John Vinal 
Usher to the South AVriting School, that an allowance may be made 
him, in consideration of the Straits and Difficultys he has been re- 
duced to by means of the Small Pox ■ — After debate had thereon 



Boston Town Records, 17(34. 119 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifteen Pounds be and hereby is allmyed 
the said M^ Vinal, for Ihc reasons above mentioned; the same to 

be i)aid him h}' a Draft on the Treasury 

That Clause in the Warrant. (Viz'.) "To consider what 
Measures may be proper for the preservation of Beacon Hill." 
was read, whereupon. Voted, that 

Thomas Hancock Escj. 

William I'liillips Esq. 

Joseph Slicrburne Esq. 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take this Matter into 

consideration, and Report as soon as may be 

Upon Consideration of that Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) 
" AVhether any Methods siiall be taken for the better regulating 
the Market, and the Land Adjacent" — Voted, that the Select- 
men be desired to put [594. J Up one or more Temporary 
Barrs 

Voted, That this Meciting be Adjourned to Thursday the 24"*. of 
this Instant 3 O'clock P: M. 

Thursday May 24'\ 3 O'Clock P: M: INIet According to Ad- 
journment. 

The Committee Appointed the 15"'. Instant to consider what 
Measures may be proper I'or the preservation of Beacon Hill — 
Report — That they had repaired to Beacon Hill, view'd the same 
and where of Opinion, that it is Necessary for the preservation 
thereof to have the High Way that runs between the Land of 
Thomas Hancock Esq. and the Land of M'. William Muliiueux to 
y". Land of said Thomas Hancock on the North side of said ilill, 
and the Avenues thereto shut ui) and covered with proper Maiuire, 
and sown with Hay Seed till it is brought to a good Swonl. And 
whereas the said Hill is in very great (Uxnger of being destroy'd by 
Thomas Ilodson and others digging Gravel on his Lot on tlu'Ni)rth 
side of said Hill, and there is no prosjiect of the Towns being able 
to purchase his Land, or to prevent his digging without the iiiter- 
l)osition of the General Court; they are of Opinion that it would 
be adviseable to apply to the A-<sembly for an Act to prevent the 
distruction of Beacon Hill, and that the Representatives be In- 
structed to use their influence to procure such an Act — Which 
Report being read, and debate had thereon — the Question was 
put — Whether the Town will accept said Report — Passed in the 
Affermative 

Voted, that the Petition of John Hill & Samuel AVentworth 
Esq. relative to the damage that part of the Neck Leased to them 
has sustain'd in the late Storm, be referr'd over to next Town 

Meeting for further Consideration 

[595.] The Committee Appointed the 15 lust', to i)repare 
Instructions for the Representatives, Report the following 
Draft — 

Viz'. 



120 City Docuihent No. 88. 

To Ro3^al Tyler, James Otis, Thomas Cashing and Oxeubridge 

Thacher Esq". 

Gentlemen 

You being chose by the Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town 
of Boston to Represent them in the General Assembly the ensuing 
Year, affords you the strongest Testimony of that Coiilldence Avhich 
they place in your Integrity and Capasity — By this choice they 
have delegated to you the power of acting in their Publick Concerns 
in general as your own prudence shall direct you, always reserving 
to themselves the Constitutional IJightof expressing their Mindancl 
giving you such Instruction upon particular Matters, as the^' at any 
Time shall Judge proper. 

We therefore your Constituents take this Opportunity to declare 
our Just Expectations from }on 

That you will constantly use your power and influence in maintain- 
ing the invaluable Rights and Privileges of the Province, of which 
this Town is so great apart ; As well as those Rights which are derived 
to us by the Royal Charier, as those which being prior to and indepen- 
dent on it, we hold essentially as Freeborn Subjects of G'. Britain 

That you will endeavor as far as you shall be able to preserve 
that independence in the House of Representatives, which charac- 
terises a Free People, and the want of which may in a great meas- 
ure prevent the ha[>py effects of a free Government; Cultivating 
as you shall have Opportunity, that Harmony and Union there, 
■which is ever desireable to good Men when foundfd in Principles of 
Virtue and Publick Spirit ; and guarding against any undue weight 
which may lend to disadjust that critical Ballauce upon which our 
happy Constitution and the Blessings of it do depend — And for 
this purpose we particularly recommend it to you. to use your en- 
deavors to have [596.] A Law passed whereby the Seats of such 
Gentlemen as shall accept of Posts of Profit from the Crown or the 
Governor while they are Members of the House shall be vacated 
agreable to an Act of the British Pailiament, till their Constituents 

shall have y". Op[)ortunity of Re-Electing them if they please 

or of returning others in their room 

Being Members of the Legislative Bo;ly you will have a special 
regard to the Morals of this People, which are the Bases of Publick 
Happiness ; and endeavor to have sucli Laws made if any are still 
wanting as shall bo best adapted to secure them ; And we particu- 
larly desire you carefully to look into the Laws of Excise, that if 
the Virtue of the People is endangered by the multiplicity of Oaths 
therein enjoin'd or their Trade and Business is unreasjualily im- 
peded or embarrass'd thereby the grievance may be redressed 

As the in'eservation of Morals as well as property & right so 
much depends upon the impartial distribution ot Justice agreable to 
good and wholesome Law; and as the Judges of the Land do de- 
pend upon the Free Grant of the General Assembly for sui)[)ort ; it 
is incumbent upon you at all Times to give yoiw V^oice for their 
honoural)le maintenance so long as they having in their Mind-i an 
indefference to all other Aff"airs, shall devote themselves wholly to 
the duties of their own Department, & the f(U'ther study of the 
Law, b}- which their Customs Precedents Proceedings and Deter- 
minations are adjusted and limited. 



Boston Town Records, 17(34. 121 

You will rcmeinbei' that this Province h;is been nt very (iicut 
Expe-ncc ill carrying on the htto Warr, und that it i«till ly luuler a 
very grievous burden of Debt, you will therefore u-e y^ur utmost 
endeavor to promote Piiblick IVugahty as one Means to lessen the 
Publiek Debt, and we rccommentl as wurtliy your particular atten- 
tion, whether any Expcnee-i c;ui now Ite necessary to maintain the 
Garrison service on [597.] Oui- Eastern Frontier; considering 
that we are now in a state of profound peace : Our French Enemys 
being totilly subdued, and thee being hardly any remains of the 
Indian Tiibes ever again to anoy us 

You will Joyn in any Propos ils t lat may be maile for the better 
Cultivating the Lands & improving tlie llusbandrv ot this Prov- 
ince : And as you Represent a Town which lives l)y its Trade we 
expect in a very p.irticular manner that you make it the Ohject of 
your attention to support our Commerce in all its JiisL lliglits. to 
vindica'e it from all unreasonable Impositions and promote its 
prosperity. Our Trade has for a long Time laboured under great 
Discouragements, and it is wi;h the deepest concern that we see 
such further Ditficultys coming upon it, as will re luce it to the 
lowest Ebb, if not totally obstruct and ruin it. We cannot help 
expressing our surprize, that when so early notice was given by the 
Agent of the intention of the Ministry' to burthen us with ncnv Taxes, 
so little regard was had to this most interesting Matter, tliat the 
Court was not even called together to consult about it till the latter 
end of the Year, the consequence of which was, that Instructions 
could not be sent to the Agent, though solisited by him, till the 
Evil had got beyond an easy remedie, there is now no room for 
further delay ; We therefore expect that you will use your earliest 
endeavors in the General As-;eml)ly that such Methods may be 
taken as will effectually prevent their proceedings ag;iinst us. By 
a proper Representation we apprehend it may easily be made to 
appear that such severtys will prove detrimental to Great Britain 
itself, upon which Account we have reas >n to hope that an A|)pli- 
cation even for a repeal of the Act, should it be already passed 
will be suecessfuU. It is the Trade of the Collonys that render 
them benelicial to their Mother Country : Our Trade as it is now 
and nbvays has been conducted centers in (ireat Britain, and in 
return for her Manufactures affords her more ready Cash, beyond 
any Com[)aiison, that can possibly be expected by the most san- 
guine promoters of these [598.] Extraordinary Methods. We 
are in short ultimately yielding large su[)plys to the Revenues of 
the JMother Country while we are labouring for a very moderate 
Sub-^istenee for ourselves. But if onr Trade is to be curlail'd in 
its most valuable brunches, & burdens beyond possible bearings, 
lai 1 upon that which is snffer'd to remain, we shall so far be able 
to take off th.^ Manufactures of G:eat Britain, that it will be scarce 
possible for u> to earn our Bread. B;it what still hightcus our 
Apprehensions is that those unexpected pioceedings may be pre- 
paritorv to new Taxations upon us ; For if our Trade m;»y be 
taxed wlw not our Lands? Why not the produce of our Lands 
and every Thing we possess or make use of? This we api)reheud 
anniliilates our Charter Ri<jcht to Govern and Tax oui'-elves 



122 City Document No. 88. 

It .strikes ;it our BriLish Privileges which as we have uever for- 
feited them we hold in common with our Fellow Subjects who are 
Natives of Britain: If Taxes are laid U[)ou us in nny shape wiili- 
out ever having a Legal Reprcsontatinn where they arc laid, are 
we not reduced from li.e Charactei of Free Sulijeets to the miser- 
able state of tributary Slaves 

We tlK-refo'.-e eaine^tly recommend it to you to use your utmost 
endeavors, to obtnin in the Generid Asseml)ly all necessary In- 
structions and advice to our Agent at this most critical .luncture 
tiiat while he is setting forth the unshaken Loyalty of this Prov- 
ince and this Town its unrivalled Exertions in supporting His 

Majestys Government and Rights in this part of his Dominion — 
its acknowledged De[)endiuce upon and Subordination to Great 
Britain and the ready submission of its Merchants to all Just and 
necessar}' Regulations of Trade, he may be able in the most hum- 
ble and i)ressing manner to lemonstrate for us all those Riglits and 
Privileges which Justly belong to us either by Charter or Bii th. 

As his Majesty's other Northern American Colonys are embark'd 
with us in this most important Bottom, we further desire you to use 
your Endeavors, that their weight may be added [51)9.] To that 
of this Province; that by the united Applications of all who are 

Aggrieved, All may happily obtain Redress 

All which is submitted & 

By Order of the Committee 

Richard Dana 

The foregoing Report having been read several Times, and De- 
bate had thereon the Question was put — Whetiier the Town 

will accept of said Draft of Inst uctions — Passed in the Afferma- 
tive 

The Committee do further Keport tlie following Votes — — 

Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to permit the Small Pox 
to prevail in this Town, whereby the Inhabitants have been great 
Sufferers, as well by the extraoidinary Expenee it hath Occasioned, 
as by loss of Business; therefore Voted that the Representatives 
be desired in behalf of the Town humbly to move tiiat the Gen- 
eral Assembly would afford us such relief under our distress as 
they in their great Goodness shad think proper 

AVhereas it is conceived that the Selectmen of tlie Town are not 
sufficiently iujpower'd l»y the Lnws already in being to take such 
steps as may be necessary to prevent the Lihabitants of oiher 
Towns from bringing and spreading Infectious Distempeis amongst 
us; therefore Voted that the Representatives be desirtd to use 
their Endeavors to obtain such additional Power to be given ti) the 
Selectmen as the General Assembly in their Wisdom shall think 
pioper to Invest them with 

The above Report having been lead — The Question was put 

Whether the Town uill accept thereof Passed in y*. 

Affermative. 

Voted, that all INIatters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the next (Jeneral 
Town Meeting 

[COO,] Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and liereby 



Boston Town Records, 17(54. 123 

arc given to the llonoriiblc Tlioin:is IIiil>I»aul Ksq the Moderator 

of this Meeting fur (lisj)iitching the Business thi'reof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston k'gally qualified & warned in I'libliek Town ]Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 24"'. Day of ^lay 
Anii'» Domini 17G4 

The Vv'arrant for calling the Meeting was read. 

James Otis Ksq^ was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Petitition of a considerable number <.f Inhabitants that the 
sense of the Town may be known respecting Inoculating at Nod- 
dles Island : And that such steps may be taken as will elt'ectually 
prevent any Inoculating Hospitals being Erected in this Town, or 
the Limits of it — was read — Also Letters from the Selectmen of 
Chelsea, and the Docters Perkins and Loyd 

And after the Debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Selectmeu be desired to withdraw their leave of 
Inoculating at Noddles Island, and that the IIos[)ital there be discon- 
tinued ; And that the Town allow of no Inoculating Hospital within 
the Limits and Confines of the Town of Boston 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjournd to Monday next 3 o'Cl. 
P.M. 

[GOl.] Voted, that the Notifications of the Adjournment be 
printed and dispcrs'd among the Inhabitants 

Monday May 28'\ 3 O'Clock P : IM : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Committee Appointed the "24"*. Instant to take into con- 
sideration the Petition of John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq''^ 

Reported which Report being again read and debate had 

thereon the Question was put •' Whether the Town will accept 

of saiil Report Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, That the Select- 
men be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to treat with the 
l>essees of the Land on each side of the Neck, and Report the 
Terms upon which they will give ui) their Lessees as soon as may 
be 

The Committee upon the Clause in the Warrant — Viz'. To 

consider w'hether any more effectual Measures shall be taken for the 
])reventing Chimnies so ficquently taken Fire — — Report, That 
the Town may be effectually secured from danger by Chimnies 
taking Fire, by force of a By Law now in being, if duly executed ; 
by which the Selectmen are iuipowerd to a[)point one or more suit- 
able Persons to sweep the Chimnies wilhin the Town 

That in Order to put said Law into execution, it is necessary to 
make it the Business of som(> particular Person, who should be 
Obliged and suitably encouraged thereto 

And whereas it appears that the sweeping of the Chimnies of the 
Town duly at the Rates fixed in said 13y Law, may afford a very 



124 City Document No. 88. 

profitable living to any Persoiij.wbo should have an exclusive right 
to the same ; the Committee are therefore of Opinion tliat the whole 
benefit thereof be oflTer'd to Sale: And that the Person who shall 
bid the most be [603.] Appointed by the Selectmen solely to do 
said Business : The Undertaker giving Bond wiih suflScient Sureties, 
for the faithful discharge of his dut}', and to be subject to the fol- 
lowing Conditions 

First, That he shall not dem:ind of any Householder to sweep 
his Chimnie at any other Time, but from One Hour after Sun Rise 
to 11 O'clock A : M : and from 2 O'clock P : M : to Sunset. And 
that his Wages for Sweeping shall not exceed the Rates fixed in 
said By-Law. 

Secondly, that he shall sweep the Chimney of every Kitchen or 
Room whore Victuals are usuall}' cook'd. five Times and every 
other Cliiumey where Fire is commonly kept, twice in the Year 

Thirdly, that he shall constantly keep in the Business at his own 
Kxpence not less than four able Bodied and faithful Men in the 
Judgement of the Selectmen : And if at any Time he shall be 
deficient hcn'ein, the Selectmen shall Appoint Men in their room, 
who shall have the right and benefit of sweeping at the Rates 
aforesaid, till he hath supply'd his number as albresaid 

Fourthly, That he shall keep a true Account of the number of 
Funuells he shall sweep, and the Names of the Persons severally 
Occupying the Tenements which he shall lay before the Selectmen 
Quarterly, and upon Oath with regard to the whole at the end of 
y^. Year if required 

The Committee are further of Opinion, that all Fines recover'd 
of any Householder by virtue of said By-Law, shall be for the 
sole benefit of the Person or Persons Appointed by the Selectmen, 

and for his further P^ucouragement 

All which is submitted 

Joshua Henshaw ^ Order. 

The above Report having been read several Times, and debate 
had thereon — the Question was put — Whether the Town will 
accept thereof — Passed in the Atfermative 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed [603.] 
A Committee to carry into Execution the Report of the Committee 
relative to Beacon Hill so far as relates to shutting up the Pas- 
sages, Sowing the Ground with Hay Seed &'^ 

The Town Itrought in their Votes for a Constable in the room 
of Samuel McClure who had declined serving, when it appear'd 
that Stephen Symms was chosen into that Oniee 

Voted, That all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting, be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting 

Voted, That tlie Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to James Otis Ksq the Moderator of this Meeting for dispatching 
the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meet ng of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Public Town Meet- 



Boston Town Records, 170 L 125 

ing Asseni1)l(>cl at Faneuil Ilall on "Wednesday the G"*. Day of June 
Anno Doin. 17(;i. 

Prayer was made liy the Rov^. M^ Pemberton. 

Tlie Warrant for calluig the Meciting - - - - read. 

The Pi-eccpt for Choosing one Kopresentative in the room 
[G04.] Of the IIon'''«. Royal TyU-r Esq. hitcly cliosen into his 
Majestys Council - - - - was read. — 

Voted, That the Town will proceed to the choice of a suitable 
Person to Represent them at the Great and General Court the 
remaining part of this Year in the room of the Honourable Rtjyal 
Tyler Esq. 

The Selectmen having declared to the Inhabitants that the Poll 
would be closed at 12 O Clock. The Inhabitants withdrew and 
brought in their Votes for a Representative and upon counting & 
sorting of them it appcar'd that there was no choice The In- 
habitants were desired to withdraw again, and bring in iheir Votes 
which being accordingly done, it was found that the number of 
Voters were 527. and that M'. Thomas Gray had 352 Votes ; 
Whereupon it was declared by the Selectmen that said iP. Gray 
was duly Elected. 

Then the Meetina: was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town legally qualified in Publick Town Meeting Assembled at 
Faneuil Hall on Monday the IS"*. Day of August Anno Dom. 
17G4. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting was read, as also the Con- 
stables Return on said Warrant, signed by cucli Constable and 
setting foith that they had legally warned all the Inhabitants of 
their respective Wards of the present Meeting; but notwithstand- 
ing said [(J05.] Retin-u it was made appear, that some of them 
had neglected to warn great numbers ot the Inhabitants who were 
qualified as the Law directs : As in consequence of this neglect, the 
Town could not proceed legally on the Business of the Warrant. 

The Meetin<i: was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Ilall on Thursday the 16"'. Day of 
August Anno Dom. 17G4. 

The Warrant for calling the ^Meeting read. 

James (3tis Esq. was chosen Moderator by a Hand Vote 

The Petition of a number oj a numberof the Inhabitants respect- 
ing M'. James Lovel Usher of the South Grammar School — 
read. 

The Proposals of Samuel Wentworth Esq. relative to the Lands 
on Boston Neck, together with the Report of the Committee on that 
affair, were read ; After debate had thereon, the following Qucstiou 



12G City Document jS^o. 88. 

was i)ut — Whether the said Report be Recommitted — Passed in 
y'^. Affermative. 

Moved and seconded, that the Committee relative to Boston 
Neck be desired to Report next March Meeting the Terms upon 
which John Hill and Samuel Wentworth Esq. will give up their 
Leases of tlie Land on each side of the Neck, and the Question 
being accordingly [GOO.] Put — Passed in the Negative — 
It was then Voted that the Committee be desired to Re[)ort the 
same next Town Meeting. 

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants representing, that 
M"". James Lovell Usher of the South Grammar School is about 
leaving the Town for want of a competent support: And there- 
for3 praying that some Measures may be taken, by raising his 
Salary, or otherwise, to retain in the service of the Town a Person 
so well qualiiied for the Education of Youth, was considered, and 
a Motion made thereon ; that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be given 
M"". James Lovel as a Gratuity for his services the present Year, 
and as an encouragement to remain in the service of y" Town The 

Quesiion being accordingly put — Passed in y® Affermative 

That Article in the "Warrant (Viz') "To determine what steps 
shall be taken in order to comply with the Condition upon which 
the late Hon'*'^ Thomas Hancock Esq. has left a Legacy fo the 
Town of Boston towards Erecting a House for the reception of 
such unhappy Persons as it shall please God in his Providence to 
deprive of their Reason — was considered & thereupon 
Voted, That James Otis Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 
The Hon'^'^ Royal Tyler Esq. 

Ezek' Goldthwait Esq. 
The Hon"^'® Thomas Flucker Esq. 

Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Barrett Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take this Matter into 
consideration and Report the next Town Meeting what they ap- 
pi'eheud best for the Town to do thereon — It was further [G07.] 
Voted, That said Committee be desired to take into Consideration 
and Report at the same Time what they apprehend the most suit- 
able Method in which the Town may testifie the sense they have 
of the goodness of that Ilon^'" Gentleman expressed by so truly 

Charitable and important a Donation 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, for dispatching 

the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 24"' Day of 
Septem"' Anno Domini 1704. 



Boston Town Records, 17G4. 127 

Tho Warrant for cnHint!: the Meeting Read. 

Tlie lion''''' Thomas Iluhbard Ks(i. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, but as he could not attend by reason of a great Cold, Ihe 
Town proceeded to bring in their Votes for another Moderator & 
upon sorting them it ai)peard, that the lion"''" Andrew Oliver Esq. 
was chosen. 

The Selectmen a Committee relative to Land on Boston [608.] 
Neck — Report — That agreable to a Vote of the Town at their 
Meeting the IS"" of August last tlie}' had received Proposals from 
CoU" John Hill and Samuel W'entworth Esq. in writing, which they 

lay before tlie Town for their Consideration 

M'" Hills Proposal is as follows 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston. 
Gentlemen 

As the Town of Boston at their last Meeting 
Voted, That you the Selectmen be desired '>o know of Mess" 
"VVentworth and Hill, what Sum they will quit their Leases of 
Boston Neck for, and to Re[>ort the same at next Town Meeting 
— the Sum I would quit my Lease for is Four hundred Pounds 
lawful Money, and if the Town please to accept thereof I oblige 

myself to give up the Leases 

Boston Septem'' IG. ITGi. 

John Hill — 
M'' Hills Proposal having been read and debate had thereon, the 
Question was put (Viz') Whether the Town will accept of ColP 
Hills Lease upon the Terms he has proposed — Passed in the 

Negative 

M' AVentworths Proposal was as follows 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston 

Gentlemen 

In consequence of our repeated Confcrrences 
relating my Lease from the Tow'n of Laud on Boston Neck, have 
concluded if Town will please to condescend to pay me Five hun- 
dred Pounds, and Vote the same at the ensuing Town Meeting, to 
give up my Lease — Boston Se[)' 12. 17G4. 

Samuel Wentwoutii — 

1\P Wentworths Proposal having l)een read and debate had 
thereon — the Question was put — Viz'. — ''Whether the T(jwn 
will accept of M"' Wentworths Lease upon the Terms [GOD.] He 
has proposed to deliver up the same — 

Passed in the Affermative. 

The Town having taken into consideration what would be the 
best Method for raising the Five hundred Pounds now granted 
Samuel Wentworth Esq. for the surrender of his Lease of Lands 
on Boston Neck — It was Voted, Tliat the Sum of Five hundred 
Pounds granted as aforesaid be added to the next Tax Bill that 
goes out. 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz') " To consider what is nec- 
essary for the Town to do on the Land on Boston Neck " was 
debated — whereipon Voted, That the Selectmen be desired to 
jcceive Proposals from any Persons who may incline to make them, 



128 City Document No. 8S. 

relative to Repairing, Leasing or Piirelia«;ing the Lan Is, lately 
Leased to Samuel Wentwortb Esq. whose Lease is now [xirehase'l 
by tlie Town : And that the}' Report the same 

That Article in the Warrant. (Viz'.) "To choose a Meet Per- 
son or Persons as Agents or Attorneys to prosecute for or defend 
the Town in such Cases wherein there is not yet any Person 
or Persons legally vested with Authority for that purpose" — ■ 
was considered ; and the Question then put — Whether any Agent 
or Agents shall now be chosen — Passed in the Affermative — It 
was further Voted that the Selectmen be and hereb}' are Appointed 
Agents for the Town, for the purposes mentioned in said Article 
of the AVarrant 

The Town having been served with a Copy of the Petition which 
Benjamin Hallowell Esq. has presented the Great and General 
Court, for an alteration of the run of Rread Street &" — the same 
was read, and after Debate had thereon, it was Voted tliat the 
Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take that 
INLntter under consideration, and Report at the Adjournment of 
this Meeting. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourn'd to Tuesday the ninth 
[GIO.] Day of October next 10 O'Clock, A : M : 

Tuesday the 9"' of October 10 O'Clock A : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

The Selectmen a Committee Appointed the 24* of Septem' last, 
to consider the Petition of Benjamin Hallowell Esq. to the General 
Court praying that Bread Street should cross Milk Sti'eet, and be 
continued up to his House &'' — Report — They have made all 
necessary enquiry into the Matter of it, and find that the present 
Sti'eet from Milk Sti'cet leading along said Hallowells Ship Yard 
into that part of Battery March Street which runs from Hallowells 
House to M"" Peck's, if enlarged according to the intention of the 
Committee of the General Court will be detrimental to said Hal- 
lowell, as he sets forth in his Petition, and that the Street which 
said Hallowell proposes, if it be run according to the Plan here- 
with exhibited, will accommodate the Town as well or better 
tlian the Street as it now runs : Therefore they advise the Town 
not to oppose the same : But by way of answer to said Peti- 
tion, they would propose all proper cautions might be suggested, 
that the Proprietors of private property, who are thereby endam- 
aged, may bo reasonably indemnified: That the Terms engaged in 
his Petition be fully complied with; and that he further engage to 
return the southerly end of the proposed Street full forty feet wide 
into that pait of Battery March Street which leads from his 
House to M" Pecks Corner at his own cost — Also that he make 
the whole of said new Street ; and the return above mentioned 
passable for Carriages, and take up the Pavement in the Old 
Street and deliver the Stones on the Spot towards paving the new 
Street at his own Charge. On such Terms the Select- .Men appre- 
hend it for the Interest of the Town to consent, that said rLdlowcIl 
should have the i-ight to all that part of Battery iMarch Street from 
the South side of Milk Street leading along said [611.] Hallowells 
Ship Yard to the North side of Battery JMarch Street which runs 



Boston Town Records, 17(U. 129 

East from said Hallowells House to IVP Pee-lvs CoruiT ; pit'soiving 
]Milk Street Forty feet wide down to the North East Corner of that 
part of Battery March Street wiiieh I'uns along said IIallowel!s 
Ship Yard, where Milk Street, was said Battery Mareh Street now 
rnn accordii g to the projection of the above mentioned Conuuittei', 
would have been hounded by M"" Hallowells Shi[) Yard and the 
Town Slip which runs in breadth Qfteen feet down to the Sea from 
the bottom of Milk Street — Which IJeport being read and debate 
had thereon — 'Die Question was put — NVhelher the Town will 
accept said Report — Passed in the Affermalive. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to draw up an 
answer to M'' Hallowells Petition agreeable to said Reports and 
that they Annex a I'lau <^f the Land, and a Copy of the Report to 
their answer 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honorable Andrew Oliver Ksq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally (jualified and warned in publick Towa 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Mondav 24"' of December 
A \). 1764. 

[612.] The Warrant for calling the Meeting . . . read. 

The Hon'''* Thomas Hubbard Esq. was chosen Moderator by a 
Hand Vote 

Tiie Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Collector. of Taxes 
for the present Year in the room of (lyles Harris Esq. who has 
resigned, and upon sorting them it a[)peard that there was no 
choice — The Inhabitants then withdrew and brousht in their 
Votes again for a Collector when AP Sampson Salter was chosen a 
Collector of Taxes for the present Year 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given (o 
the Honourable Thomas Hubbard 'Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting, for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then tlie Meeting was dissolved 



[013.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the 'I'own of Boston legally qualified and warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Mcmday the iP^ 
Daj'^ of jMareh Anno Domini. ITlj') 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. Samuel Cheekley Jun"". 

The Warrant for calliiiii tlie Meetin<r . . . read 



Sundry Laws enjoined to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

The Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen IModerator of this 
Meeting and took the Oaths respeeling the paying and rect'iving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments, of Connecticut New Hampshire 
and Rhode Island, as required by an Act of this Province 



130 City Document No. 88. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeard that 

Joshua Hensbaw 

Joseph Jackson 

Benjamin Austin 

Samuel Sewall 

Nathaniel Thwing 

John Ruddock 

John Hancock . . Esq". 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

John ScoUay Esq. one of the late Selectmen, before the above 
choice desired the Moderator to acquaint the Town that he was 
highly obliged to them for the Honor done him in choosing him a 
Selectman for Eleven Years successively ; but that his Affairs not 
permitting him to serve any longer in that Office, he was desirous 

that his Name might not be put into new List 

[614.] Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby arc given to the said John ScoUay Esq. for his faithful 

services as a Selectman a number of Yeais past 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeard that 

John Barratt Esq. 

The Hon*"«. Royal Tyler Esq. 

M^ Benjamin Dolbear 

Isaac Smith Esq. 

M^ Jonathan Mason 

M''. Henry Bromfield 

Meletiah Bourn Esq. 

Joseph Gardner Esq. 

M^ William Whitwell 

Cap*. Benjamin Hammatt 

M^ Henderson Inches 

M''. Ebeuezcr Storer 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Y^ear ensuing, and took 

the Oaths required by Law 

Upon a Motion made and, seconded it was Voted That it be 
determined by Yea's and Nay's at 4 O'Clock Afternoon Whether 
the Town will choose any Person to serve in the Office of Wardens 

the Year ensuing 

Voteil, That this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock 
P : M : 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournm' 

The Votes were brought in for Town Treasurer, and upon sort- 
ing them it- appeard that M''. David Jeffries was chosen and having 
taken the Oath relating to his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office for the faithful 
discharge of his duty, which Oaths were Administred [615. J To 
him by Richard Dana Esq. 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar* 

ket, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

McsV^ Benjamin Edes 
Edward Walker 



Boston Town Records, 1764. 131 

Joliu Cuniiinuham 
Tlioinus lii'owu 
Ezra Collins 

Joseph Tyler (all sworu) 

Edward Blanchard 
Ed\var>l Jackson 
Caleb Blanebard 
"William Bant 
Josei)li llendersoa 
James Perkins 
were chose Clerks of the Market, for the Year ensnini; 



The Town having determineil that the Qnesliou aiirced upon in 
the Forenoon to be put — Viz'. — "Whether the Town will 
choose Wardens for the Year ensuing " shall be desided by Yea's 
and Nay's the Votes were accordingly brought in when it appeard 
that there were 715 Votes. 437 whereof were Yeas and 278 

Nays 

The Inhabitants having been oi'dered to withdraw and bring iu 
their Votes for Twelve Wardens ; a referrence was called for — 
wliereupon the Question was put — " Whether the choice of 

Wardens shall now come on — Passed in the Affermative 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeard, that 

M^ John Winslow 

Deacon Benjamin Church 

Cap'. lIoi)estill Foster 

Richard Boynton Esq. 

M^ Thomas W^aldo 

M^ Samuel Whitwell 
[616.] M^ James Richardson 

M'. Francis Shaw 

Deacon Jonathan Brown 

M^ Alexander Hill 

M^ Thomas Crafts 

^P. Nathaniel Appleton 

were chose Waidens for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to Tuesday the 12 Instant 9 O'Clock Before 
Noon 



Tuesday Morning 9 O'Clock The Town Met according to Ad- 
journment 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for Seven 
Assessors, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess". William Fairfield 



John Kneeland - - - . 


- Sworn 


Benjamin Church 


d°. 


Belcher Noyes Esq 


d°. 


William Torrey 


d^ 


John Greenough 


excused 


Samuel Downe . . . . 


d". 


were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 





132 



City Document No. 88. 



M^ Joliu Gray was choseu Surveyor of Hemp for the Year en- 
suing 

Mess". William Nichols sworu 

Clement Collins d'\ 

Jacob Thayer ----- d". 

Joseph Edmunds ----- d°. 

John Grecnough ----- d°. 

Isaac Vergoose - - - _ _ d°. 
Henry Allen ------ d°. 

John Sergeant ----- d". 

[617.] Richard Walker ----- Sworn 

Andrew Symms ----- d°. 

William Payne d". 

Samuel Dyer ----- Excused 

were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year en- 
Buiug. 

Mess". Obediah Low ----- Sworn 

Heniy Allen ------ d". 

Samuel Dyer ----- d**. 

John Dyer d°. 

Benjamin Andrew Esq - - - - d". 
Onesip' Tileston Esq - - - - Excused 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess" Samuel Bangs 

William Andrews 
Isaac Bird 
AVilliam Scott 
P^benezer Mcintosh 

were chose Sealers of Leathei- for the Year ensuing 

Mess" Nathaniel Gardner 
Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess" Peter Cotta ------ Sworn 

Manasseh Masters - - - d°. 

Josepli Dyei- - - - - d°. 

John Ilarskins _ - . - 

David Si)ear - - - . 

Nathan Si)ear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Samuel Trent 

Robert Breck Jun' 

Job AYheel Wright - - - - Sworn 

Joshua Pico - - - - - 

[618.] Mess" Benjamin Salt - - - - Sworn 

Paul Baxter d°. 

John Owen ----- d". 
Thomas Knox - - - - d°. 
Samuel White - - . . d". 
Edward Cowell - - - - d°. 
Edward Potter - - . - d". 

Peter Ellis d". 

Timothy Pease . - - - d". 



Boston Town Records, 1764. 133 

Rol)ert Treat .... a°. 

were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Mess" David Simons ----- Swora 
Thomas Curtis ----- d". 
were chose llojireevcs for the Year ensuing 

M^ Edward Curtis d°. 

was chosen llayward for the Year ensuing 

Mess" David Wheeler ----- Sworn 
Alexander Edwards 

Benjamin Wheeler d". 

Levy Jennings d". 

Kobcrt Hews d°. 

Thomas Parker 
William Daws 
Thomas llitclilnirne 

Edward Winter - - - - - d''. 

Josei)h Nowell d°. 

Elias Thomas Jun'' d*. 

Richard Salter d^ 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that 
John Ruddock 
Thomas Marshall 
Foster Hutchinson. Y.sq. 
[619. J Be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider 
what farther provision is necessary to su[)port the Scavingers in 
a due Execution of tlieir Office — and that they Report next May 

Meeting 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the 
Ten Pound Fine, to such Persons as shall be chose into the 
Office of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline 

serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables; the 

Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 

Mess" Augustus Hail 

Nathaniel Thayer 
Francis Salmon 
Hezekiah Usher 
John Down 
Samuel Harris 
James Thomas 
Benjamin Clarke 
Joseph Fo^'c 
Benjamin Baibour 
Edward Baker 
Elisha Byles 
M^ Henry Bromfield chosen an C)verscer of the Poor for the 
Y''ear ensuing, having acquainted the Town that he could not 
serve them in that caDasity, as he was soon to remove from this 
Place — Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be 
and hereby are given to the said M''. Bromfield for his faithful 
services as an Overseer a number of Years past 



134 City Document No. 88. 

John Avery Esq. 
was chosen an Overseer of the Poor in the room of M'' Henry Brom- 

fiekl who has resigned 

630. Voted, that Thomas Gushing Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
M"" Edward Payne 
William Phillips Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a Vote re- 
specting the payment of the Collectors Premium &'' to Report as 

soon as may be 

Upon a Motion made and seconded the Question was put — 
Whether Constables and Collectors shall be chose sepporate — 
Passed in the Affermative — It was then moved and the Ques- 
tion accordingly put — " Whether Sis Collectors of Taxes shall 
be chose for the Year ensuing — Passed in the Negative — 

Agreable to a Report of the Committee respecting the payment 

of the Collectors Premium 

Voted, That the Sum of Six Pence on the Pound be & hereby is 
allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collecters of Taxes for 
the Year ensuing, for all such Sums, as they shall Collect, and 
that the further Sum of Thi'ee Pence on the Pound be allowed to 
said Collectors, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, provided 
they pay into the Province Town and County Treasuries one half 
of the whole Sum they are obliged to pay them respectively within 
Six Months from the Time they receive the Tax Books from the 
Assessors, and the remainder in Six Months after, and provided 
also that each of the said Collectors give Bond with sufficient 
Sureties to the satisfaction of the Select Men for the faithful dis- 
charge of their Duty in said Office 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 

Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 

M"" Samuel Adams -------- declines 

M"" John Graut -....--.- refuses 

M"" Sampson Salter 

were chose into that Office 

[6S1.] Voted that Thomas Cushing Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
M"" Edward Payne 
William Phillips Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Examine the State of 
the Town Treasury, and enquire into the Expences of the Town 
and whether any Savings can be made ; as also to consider what 
vSnm of Money it may be necessary- to raise to defrey the Charges 
of the Town the ensuing Year ; and that they Report at May Meet- 
ing 

The Town brought in tli»nr Votes for Sixteen Fire-AVards and 
upon sorting them it appeared that, 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

The Ilon"^'"^ Royal Tyler Esq. 



Boston Town TJkcords, 17G4. 13^ 

Newman Gronoiiirli Esq. 
Caj)' Soloinou Davis 
INF William Coo|)or 
M"" Samuel Austin 
I\P .Joseph Jackson 
John Rone Esq. 
M"^ John Mieo Wendell 
Thomas Maishall Esq. 
William Holmes Esq. 
M'' Joseph Tyler 
M"' Jonathan Williams 
M' Timothy Eiteh 
Cap' Adino Paddock 
M'' James Richardson 
were chose into that Office for the Year ensuinsf 



Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to John Scollay Esq. and M'' Henderson Inches for their faithful 
discharge of the Duty of Eire- Wards, a number of Years past. 
Adjourned to o O'clock P : M : 

[633.] 3 O'clock P : M : IMet according to Adjournment. 
John Ruddock Esq. 

William Story Esq. - . . . Sworn 
M' William Torrey 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. d" 

John Hancock E«q. 

M'' Ezekiel Price d" 

were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 

That Article in the Warrant, Viz' '' Whether any Measures shall 
be taken for the better regulation of the Grist Mills " was con- 
sidered ; whereupon Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to draw up a l>ill for the better regulation 
of the Grist Mills ; and that they lay the same before tiie Town 

next May Meeting 

The Selectmen were desired to examine the Records respecting 
the Titles of the Land Stream &'^ and that the}' Rei)ort their 

Opinion at said Meeting 

The Selectmen Reported on the Account of M"" John Eenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Account as entred 
in his Books (and on Eile in the Town Clerks Office) was read ; 
whereupon it was Voted that the same be accepted, and that AP 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 176 Bushels of Indian torn 
and 70 Bushels of Rye remaining unsold amounting to £ff ., 10/ 
and also for the Sum of £2Ho .. 1 ,, 2 ,, Cash now in his hands 
exclusive of the Sum of £2G ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary' & Assistance, 

as charged in his Account 

Coll" Josei)h .Jackson Esq. 
A\' illiam Phillips Esq. 
John Leveret Esq. 
were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing ; and they 
[033."] Are desired and Imi»o\vered to give all needful directions 
to the Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantitys of Grain to 



136 City Document No. 88. 

be sold and AfHxiug the price thereof from Time to Time as occa- 
sion shall require 

Voted, that Mess". Thomas Gray 
Ezekiel Price 
William Greculeaff 
William Coffin 
Edward Payne 
be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
counts of ]\P. Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to 
Inspect every particular Account of the Moneys expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered when they shall 
Audit said Accounts to allow such of the Overseers as shall 
Advance Mouys for the Relief of the Poor Interest on all such 
Sums from tlie Time so advanced, till they shall have Audited said 

Accounts 

Mess Martyn Gay 
John Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Warrant Viz'. 
"Whether a Committee shall be chosen to Examine the Accompts 

of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries " 

Voted that William Phillips Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Isaac Smith Esq. 
M^ Edward Payne 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for that purpose. 
John Tuder Esq. 
M"^ Joseph Man 

were chose Surveyors of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

[634.] Voted, that the Consideration of Schoolmasters 
Salarys, and all other Salarys and Grants be referred to next May 

Meeting 

Voted, that James Beauteneau Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
M''. Thomas Gray 
be and hereby are added to tlie Committee Appointed to Exam- 
ine into the Expcnces of the Town &*=. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to Act upon the List of Jurors 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To Consider the Terms upon 
which John Hill Esq. will give r.p to the Town his Lease of the 
Lands upon Boston Neck " — was read and debated — where- 
upon Voted that the Sum of Three hundred Pounds lawful 
Money be and hereby is Granted unto the said John Hill 
Esq. upon Condition of his delivering up his Leases and put- 
ting the Town in possession of said Premisses on or before the 
25"". of March Inst'. — And that the Three hundred Pounds 
granted as aforesaid be added to the next Tax that shall issue — It 
was further Voted that the Selectmen be desired upon receiving 



Boston Town Recoi^ds, 17(14. 1.17 

ColP Hills Leases to Rent or again Lease out those Lan-ls, as 
sliall appear to them most for the Interest of the Town. 

Tliat Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider the Piopo>;ils 
of INr. James Ih'vant relating to the Towns l^ands on tin; Nortli 
side of the Neck " was read — Avhereupon 

Voted, tliat the Selectmen be desired to Act thereon and in all 
Tilings relative to the Lands d*^. on Boston Neck as tliey shall 
Judge most advantageous for the Town 

The Petition of a number of Proprietors & Ldiabitants [G'~i5.] 
In and near Long Lane "■ 'I'hat a further Allowance may be made 
them towards defreying the Charge of Paving said Lane" was 
read and debated — whereupon Voted that the Sum of Twenty 
five Pounds be and hereby is Granted the Proprietors of Long 
Lane for the purpose aforesaid 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'— "What Methods shall be 
taken for the Repairing of the Towns Warehouse opposite the 
Golden P>all " was considered, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to make an Estimate of 
the Cost of Repairing the Towns Warehouse opposite the Golden 
Bull, and that the}- insert the following Article in thi' Warrant for 
the next General Town Meeting — Viz'. — ''To consider 
" whether the Towns Warehouse opposite the Golden Ball shall 
"be Repaired or sold for the most it will fetch" — It was 
further Voted that the Selectmen be desired in the mean Time 
to receive Proposals from any Persons disposed to make them 
relative to the Purchase of said Warehouse, and also the Store 
Adjoining 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. — " That the Sense of the 
Town may be taken respecting a Bill now pending in the General 
Court relative to Erecting Wooden Buildings, &'' in the Town of 
Boston," was read and considered — whereupon Voted, that the 
further Consideration thereof be referred to the General Town 
^Meeting in May next, and that in the intcrera the substance of 
said Bill be printed an;l distributed among the Inhaliitants 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for widening Joliffs 
Lane was read, and after consideral)le debate Voted that tlie same 
be dismissed 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and 
directed to sot for the abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday in 
April inclusive and no longer saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November, for the abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their [(ViG.] Being out of the 
Province ; at which Time they are aUo allowed and Impowere I to 
Abate the Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent or 
becomL' Bankrupts betvveen the said list Thursday in April and 
the last Day of November 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 25'^ of 
this Instant 9 O'Clock Before Noon 

Monday the I'.V" of ]\Iarch 9 O'Clock A : M : Met according to 
Adjournment 



138 City DocmIE^-T Xo. 88. 

The Committee Appointed the 12"^ of March last to Examiue 
the Accouuts of David JefTries Town Treji surer have attended that 
Service and find the same right cast and well Vouched, in which 
he Charges himself with sundry Fines Rents and other Incomes 
of the Town ; as also with the Tax of £7000 ,, — ,, — also v.-ith 
the Sum of Three thousand Pounds received of Harrison Gray 
Esq. Province Treasurer all which amount to the Sum of £1-1480 ,, 
H ,, 54 including £3500 ,, — ,, — lent liy tlie Province to the 
Town 175 7 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to £5^9 ,, '6 ,, 5^^ by Drafts 
made by tlie Selectmen amounting to £3357 ,, t) ,, 9i of which he 
has paid £2248 ,, 19 ,, G|, and by Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor which contain the Cliargcs of the Almshouse and their 
Expences in the late Small Pox amounting to £3505 ,, IG ,, 8 of 
which he has paid £2203 ,, 11 ,, 4^ and also with sundry Sums 
paid for Interest &'' amounting to £121 ,, 3 ,, f the whole 
amounting to £7573 ,, 13 ,, 0|- 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers for the amount of their Drafts, and every other branch 
of publick Charge all amounting as altove to the Sum of £7573 ,, 
13 ,, 0|- as by Account of Town Treasurys in the Town Treas- 
urers Books jjalance whereof being £(1906 ,, 15 ,, 5 is carried to 
the Credit of new Account 

[627.] AVhich Report and Account being read, Voted that 

the same be and hei'cl.y is accepted 

Mess" Nathaniel Waterman Sworn 

Jacob Williams d°. 

were chose Cullers of Hoops Staves <S:'^ for the Year ensuing 

M' John Skillins 
was chosen a Surveyor of Boards &c for the Year ensuing ■ 



The Hon"'''' Royal Tyler Esq. M' Joseph Jackson Cap' Solomon 
Davis & M"" Timothy Fitch having excused themselves from serv- 
ing as Fire Wards the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the said Gentlemen for the faiihful discharge of the Duty of 
Fire-Wards, a number of Years y^ast 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desiiid to Insert in the Warrant 
for the Geneial Town Meeting in INIay next the following Article. 
Viz' — To Consider some Method to get this Town exempted from 
the Province Law relative to the choice of Surveyors of the High 
Ways 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Fire Wards in 
the room of a like number who have resigned, and upon sorting 
them it appear'd that 

ColP William Tayler 
M"' Willinm Downe Cheever 
James Cunningham Esq. 
Cap' Benjamin Waldo 
were chose Fire- Wards for the Year ensuing 

List of Names returned the Selectmen by the Assessors were 



Boston Town Recouds, 17G4. 139 

laid before the Town, whereupon Voted, that the same bo ac- 
cepted, and left witli the .Selectinen, who were before chose to 

act thereon 

[G2S.] Tlie Committee Appointed to Examine the Ac- 
counts of y*^ Managers of Faneuil ilall Lotteries — Report tliat they 
had examined the Accompts of the Managers for Lottery N" 3. 

antl found the same right Cast 

Voted, that said Report be accepted, and that the following 
Sums be allowed and paid to said Managers in full of their 
Accounts — Viz' 

To Thomas Cushing Esq. - - - - - -£11, ,11,, — 

Samuel Hews Esq. - - - - - - - 9,, 10,, — 

John Scollay Esq. 12,, 9,, — 

Benjamin Austin Esq 12 ,, ,, — 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 12 ,, 9 ,, — 

^NP Samuel P. Savage - - - - - - 11,, o,, — 

Ezekiel Lewis Esq. 9 ,, 9 ,, — 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to procure a sufficient 
number of uew Hammers made in the best manner for the use of 
the Sealers of Leather — and that the same be properly num- 

ber'd 

The Committee Appointwl the IG"' Day of August last " to 
consider what steps shall be taken in order to comr)ly wiih the 
Condition upon which the late Hon'"'® Thomas Hancock E^(\. has 
left a Legacy to the Town of Boston, as also the most suitable 
INIethod in which the Town may testify the Sense they have of th3 
Goocbiess of tiiat Hon''''' Gentleman expre-sed b}' so truly chari- 
table and important a Donation — Report in the form of a Vote 

as follows Viz' 

Whereas the late Honourable Thomas Hancock Esq. in and by 
his last Will and Testament, among many other very generous 
and charitable Donations was pleased to give tlie Town of Boston 
the Sum of Six hundred Pounds lawful Money towards erecting 
and finishing a convenient House for the reception and more com- 
fortal)le keeping such unhappy Persons as it shall please God in 
his Providence to deprive of their Reason in any part of this 
Province, such as arc Inhabitants of Boston always to have 
[6!<JJ).] The preferrence" on Condition that if the said Thomas 
llancock Esq. did not in his lifetime build such House, which he 
seems to have had in his heart had it pleased God to have spared 
his life then the same sliould be built and finished in tlu-ee Years 

after his decease. 

Voted, that the Town of Boston gratefully accept and they 
hereby accor lingly accept of said Donation, and as a testimony 
of the gratitude of the Town, and as far as in them lyes to per- 
petuate the Memory of the late lion"'''-" Thomas Hancock E-;(]. it is 
further Voted, that t!ie Name of Hancock be Recordetl and enrolled 
anion j; those of luoienil and tlie other worthy Benefactors of 
t'lis City, and that such House when creeled shall l)e called and 
known by the name of Ha^co-ks IFoipital Thus wliile tlie poor 
Unfortunates therein provided for, shall be insensible from whose 
Han Is they derive the only possible alleviation of their miseriea 



140 City Documekt Ko. 88. 

in the power of hnaianity, those in all Ages who may eujoy 
the inestimable blessing of a sound mind shall rejoice iu tlie 
bouutiinl provision for the distressed 

Which Report benig read, the Question was put — "Whether 
the Town will accept thereof — Passed in the Affermative — N. C 
Voted, that the Hon'''^ Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Hon'''"'. Tliomas Elucker Esq. 
Hon'''^. James Otis Esq. 

Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
Hon'"^ Royal Tyler Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to open a Subscription 
for raising an adequate Sum for building and endowing a Hospital 
for tlie reception and more comfortable support of poor Idiots, 
Lunatieks and such other unhappy Persons Inhal)itants of this 
Town as it shall please almighty God in liis Providence to deprive 
of the use of their Reason. Such ITos|)ital when built to be under 
the direction and management of such Officers as the Town of 
Boston shall from Time to Time choose and appoint 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired at the Towns Expence 
[630.] To provide proper Rolls of Parchment, for entering a 
fair Catalogue of all such worthy Persons as have been or shall 
hereafter be Benefactors to the Town of Boston. And the Town 
Clerk is hereby directed to make out a Catalogue in Paper and to 
lay it before the Town for their inspection at the next May Meet- 
ing, and against each Name shall be entered the Estate or Sura 
given with a brief mention of the use, and when approved b}' the 
Town the same shall be by the Town Clerk fairly Engrossed and 
entered in the Rolls. And thence forward no Name shall be entered 
in the Roll but by special Vote or order of the Town. And the 
Town Clerk or Recorder for the Time being shall Annually at the 
Meeting of the Town in March or May la}" befoie the Town au 
account of all Donations for the Year preceeding, that the Town 

may take order thereon 

M'. Jonathan Brown (Sworn) 

was chosen au Assessor for the Year ensuing iu the room of m'. 
John Grenough who has resigned 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Report of a 
Committee respecting the late Hon'''^ Tliomas Hancock Esq. Do- 
nation be published in the several News Papers 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this IMeeting be and hereby are referretl over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next, to be then considered of and acted upon. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hou'^■^ James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
for dispatching the Business (hereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved 



[631.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick 



BosTox Town Records. 17 05. 141 

Town Meeting AssiMuhlcMl :it Faneuil ILill on Tuesday the 14"'. 
D:iy of May Anno Domini 17G5. 

I'rayer was nuuU' hy the Kev''. D' Sewall. 

Tlie Precept and Warrant, for calling the Meeting, read 

Sundry Laws -.-..._ ]\^ad — 

Joshua llensliaw Esc]. one of the Selectn)en proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Asseml)led to i)roceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent tiieni in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Ijostou upon Wednesday the 29"'. 
Day of May Current ; and in onter thereto to consider and ascertain 
the numlier of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it was Voted 
to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and then it was 
declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be received but such 
as are unlolded, and that they [)ropose the 1^)11 shall be closed at 
twelve O'clock 

The Votes being l)roug!it in the number of Voters were found 
to be G41 — and upon sorting them it ai)j)ear'd that the Four fol- 
lowiug Gentlemen wi're chose Viz'. 

The llon'^'^ James Otis Esq. - - - - 388 
Thomas Cushing Ksq. - - - o.'>8 
Oxenbrid<2;e Thatcher Esq. - - 427 
]\P. Thomas Gray - - - 570 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the luiiabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned iu 
the Warrant, accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew and brought in 
their Votes, and upon soiling them it appeared that the Ilon'''*^. 
James Otis Esq. was unanimously chosen. 

[63!^.] Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to o O'Cloclc. 

3 O'clock P: M : Met according to Adjournment. 

To the Freeholders and otiier lnhal»itants of Boston in Town 

Meeting Assembled May 14"'. HO") 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town (jf Bo.-.ton at their Annual 
Meeting the l.V'. of May 17(54 desiring the Selectmen to Visit the 
several publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Genllemen 
to accompany them therein as they should think proi)er. and to 

Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accoidingly attended that Service on Tui's- 
day the 10"'. of June last, accompanied bv the following Geutleuicu 

— Viz'. 

The Hon'''-' Thomas Hubbard llsq. 
Andrew Oliver I'^sq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
Harrison (iray Esq. 
Royal lyler Esq. 
The Rei)resentatives of the Town 
, The Overseers of the Poor 

Rev''. Ebenezer Pcniberton 
Samuel Mather 
IMatlier liyles 
Andrew Elliot 



142 City Document No. 88. 

Samuel Cooper 

Samuel Checkley Jua\ 

M"". Samuel P. Savage 

M'. Frauds Shaw 

Joseph Greeu Esq. 

Cap'. lehabod Jones 

Joseph Green Esq. 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

Josliua Wiuslow Esq. 
[633.] John Tuder Esq. 

Zachary Johonnott 

Coll". Whiting of Connecticut 

Samuel Fitch Esq. 

M'. Edward Foster 

JSr. Nathaniel Coffin 

Ezekiel Lewis Esq. 

Samuel Hews Esq. 

William Phillips Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

Samuel Went worth Esq. 

M^ Treasurer Jeffries 

D^ John Sprague 
And found the South Grammar School had 120 Scholars the 
North Grammar School 47 Scholars — the South Writing School 
230 Scholars the North Writing School 163 Scholars, the Writing 
School in Queen Street 148 Scholars, all in very good order 

.Joshua Henshaw ^ 
Joseph Jackson [ 

Benjamin Austin } Selectmen of 

Samuel Sewall 
Nathaniel Thwing 
John Ruddock 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To consider some Method 
to get this Town exempted from the Province Law relative to the 
choice of Surveyors of High VVays" — was read, and after de- 
bate had thereon — the Question wns put — Whether such Appli- 
cation shall be mnde to the General Court at their next Session 

— Passed in the Negative 

The Hon"'". Thomas Flucker Esq. - - - Sworn, was chosen 

a Selectman for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the 'I'hanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
Nathaniel Thwiiig P^sq. for his faithful services as a Selectman, 

several Years past 

[634.] Deacon Thomas Foster 

was chosen an Assessor for the Y^ear ensuing — declines 

Mess". Payson and Salter, chose Collectors for the Y''ear ensuing 
appear'd and informed the Town that they should not serve them 
in that Of lice at tiie Rates stated at their .Meeting in March 
last 



y 



Boston. 



Upon a Motion made and seconded -r- It was Voted that the 
further consideration of such Matters as relate to the choice of 



Boston Town Records, 17()'). 143 

Collectors be rcfrn-iHl over to the Adjournment of this INIeeting 

and that there I)e i)i"uite>d Notilications of the same 

The Committee ai^pointed tlie eleventh of March last to examiuo 
the state of Ihc Treasury &'' — Report — That the several Col- 
lectors of Taxes appear by the Treasurers Books lo be indebted to 

the Town the 21". of Manh last as follows — Viz'. 

John Ruddock Esq. for the Year 17(33 £1023,,0,,0 

M^ Samuel Adams for the Year 17i)'3 £1 1 11,,0,,0 
for the Y'ear 1764 £24.'>2,, - ,, - 



3563,,0,,0 
M'. Jonathan Pavson, for the Year 1763 £8-14., - ,, - 
for the Year 1764- 1201, ,-16- 



2046,,-,,- 
M^ John Grant - - for the Y'ear 1 764 - - - - 1764,,-,,- 
M^ Sampson Sailer - for the Y''ear 1764 - - - - 1482,,-,,- 



£9878,,0,,0 
Out of which is to be deducted the Sura of £18.')4 — being the 
amount of Premiums which will be due to them and of tlie Abate- 
ments made and lo be made for the Y^ear 1764. so that tiie Sura 
really due from them is £8024,, in which is included the Sum of 
£7000,, — ,, — the Town Voted to raise at their Meetinii in May 
last ; and which if the Vote theu passed with respect to the pay- 
ment of the same is strictly complyed with will be paid into the 
Treasury, one half of it sometime this present Month, and the re- 
mainder in August next; And when the Sura of £8024,, — afore- 
mentioned is received by the Treasurer he will be enabled to dis- 
charge every demand upon him to the 2P'. of March aforesaid, 
and there will be a balance left in favor of the Town of £4379,,- 
9,,li| as will more fully appear by a state of the Town [635.] 
Treasury herewith exhibited — That by Information from the 
Province Treasurer there is due to the Province for the Y^ear 1762 

and 1763. the following Sums — Viz'. 

From John Ruddock Esq. lor the Year 1763 - - - - £558,, 15, ,3 
From M^ Samuel Adams, for the Y^ear 1762 £l 140,, 1 ,,4 
for the Year 1763 1927,, 16,, 9 

3067, , 18, ,1 

From M^ Jonathan Payson for the Y'ear 176) - - - 7.71,, 1,,- 



£4397, ,14, ,4 
And the whole Tax for the Year 1764 from the ) ._^- , , 

Collectors - - - of that Year - - - - ( ^'^'^" '^"-^ 

\Yhich with the aforeuientioned Sum due to the 

Town of - - - 8024,,—,,- 



Makes in the whole the sum of £18126, ,18, ,6 
Which Sum is due from the underraentioned 

Collectors as follows, Viz' 

From John Ruddock Esq. al)out - - - - 1400 ,, — ,, — 
From M'. Samuel Adams d". - - - - 8000 ,, — ,, — 



114 City Document No. 88. 

From M^ Jonathan Paysou - - d". . - . . ;3;^>2G ,, — ,, — 

From M"". Sampson Salter (1°. - - - - 2440 ,, — ,, — ■ 

From M^ John Grant d". - - - - 2'JGO ,, — „ — 



£18120,, — ,,— 
£5705 ,, 4 ,, 2 of the last mentioned Sums according to the Vote 
of the Town ongiit to be paid one lialf of it in July next, and the 
other half in December following 

Your Committee are of Opinion it would be for the Interest of 
the Town to take some effectual Measures to have the Taxes Col- 
lected and paid into the Treasury by the Time fixed by the Town 
for the payment of the same, the Expcnce of the Town it is prob- 
able will bo thereby lessoned, for as the Town has a considerable 
balance in its favor, if the Mony Voted Annually for the service 
of the Year was seasonable Collected, it would be in the power of 
the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor to purchase what was 
wanted for the Towns nso at a much cheaper rate with the Cash 
then they can u[)on Credit, but it appears to be of little or no ad- 
vantage from Year to Year to raise a larger sum than is absolutely 
necessary for the service of the Year, with a view of preserving 
the Credit of the Town unless the Taxes are seasonably Collected ; 
And unless some Measures are taken for this purpose, the Com- 
mittee submit it to the consideration of the Town [G3G.] 
Whether it would not be most expedient not to raise any more than 
than £900 ,, — this Year which with the balance of £4o70 ,, 9 ,, If 
aforesaid would be sutflcient to defrey the Charges thereof — 
this will be one measure at least that will have a tendenc}' to 
expedite the payment of the outstanding debts : However if upon 
the whole the Town should determine to raise nearly the same sum 
as usual Your Committee are of Opinion that £50J0. — will 
be sufficient as that Sum together with only about £200. — of 
the ballance aforementioned will defrey the Charges of the present 
Year agreable to y* Estimate hereunto annexed ; there will be 
then left in the Treasury about £4100. — which the Committee 
are of Opinion should remain as a stock in the Treasuiy for a fund 
to be made use of by the Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor as 
they may find it for the advantage of the Town, and some eflTectual 
Measures taken that such Sums as they may from Time to Time 
draw from it, might be replaced out of the Moneys Annually 
raised by the Town — In the Estimate annexed provision is 
made for every Charge that it is probable will arise, excepting the 
Charge of Kcpairing (he Warehouse on the Dock the Dams upon 
each side of tlie Neck and the North IJattery which the Committee 
did not include in the P^stimate as it was uncertain what resolutions 
the Town would come into respecting the same 

The above Report being read and some debate had thereon, the 
further Consideration was referred over to the Adjournment of 
this Meeting 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz' — "Whether the Towns 
Warehouse opposite the Golden Ball shall be repaired or Sold for 
the most it will fetch" — was read — and the Selectmen having 
thereupon acquainted the Inhabitants that said Warehouse was a 



BosTox Town Records, 1705. 145 

Donation to tlie Towu and the Tnconu appropriated for the Main- 
tenance and sup[)()rt ol" the Pnbliek Schools — the Question was 
put — AVhether the Warehouse referred to shall l)e Uepaired — 
Passed in the AlTerniati>e 

It was then Moved, and Seconded that the Selectmen be desired 
if they shall -Judge proi)er to i^et said Warehouse on a Lease lor a 
term of Time not exceeding Seven Years provided the Leaser will 
undertake the Repairs at liis own Kxpence, the amount of the 
same to be [G°I7.] Repaid him out of said Rent or hire — and 
the Question being accordingly [)ut — Passed in the Aficrma- 

tive 

That Article in tlie Warrant Viz' — " To take the ocuse of the 
"Town respecting the Repairs of the Dam, on the East and West 
" side of the Neck which have been much damaged in the late 
"Storm" — was read ; after considerable debate had thereon — 
the Question was put — Whether the Town would at this Meet- 
ing proceed to raise any Moneys for said Service — Passed in the 
Negative — It was then Voted, that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Royal Tyler ICsq. 

]\P. Samuel Swift 

William Phillips Esq. 

Cap'. Ilopestill Foster 

James Beautineau Esq. 

Foster Hutchinson Esq. 

M"'. Solomon Kneeland 

John Avery Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Consider in what way 
or manner the Towns Interest on Boston Neck may 1)6 disposed of 
for their most advantage, and to Re[)ort their Opinion as soon as 
may be 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Thousand Pounds be raised by a 
Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for relief of the Poor 
and defreying other necessary Charges arising within the Town 

the ensuing Year 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed and p lid unto M"". John Lovel for his Salary as Master of 
the South Grammar S.'hool the ensuing Y^ear, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M"^ Peleg Wiswall for his Salary as Master of the North 
GraiTiar School for the ensuing Y'ear, the same to be paid him 
Quarteily as it shall [G;}8. ) Become due, and to commence at 
the expiration of the last (Jaarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of l*>ighty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
TNI"" Sanuiel Iloly<)!<e for his Salary as Master of the Writing School 
in Queen Street for tliv ensuing Year, t'le same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall l);-como due and to counuence at the expira- 
tion of the last (Quarter 

Voted, that the Stun of One Iluudn'd Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto IM'' John Procter for his Salary as a Master of the 



146 City Document No. 88. 

Writing School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly ns it shall become dne, and to commencs at 
the Expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, thot the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M"" Abia llolbrook for his Salaiy as Master of the 
Writing School in the Common for the ensuing Yeai-, tin; same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become dne, and to commence at 
the Expiration of the last Qunrter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M' John rilestone for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the Expira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of '"*iixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M"" James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him Quarterly, 
and to commence a,t the Expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M"'- Jnmes Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Year, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due and to com- 
mence at the Expiration of the last Quarter 

[639.] Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto M"" Ephraim Langdon for his Salary as Usher of the 
North Grammar School the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 

expiration of the last Quarter 

. Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M"" John Tileston Master of the North Writing School for 
providing an Assistant the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly as it becomes due antl to commence at the expiration of 
the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M"" Abinh Holbrook IMaster of the Writing School in the 
Common for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become duo, and to commence at 
the expir^Uion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M"" David Jeffries for his Ser- 
vices as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expences in that Office 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is directed and 
impowered to allow the several School Masters Interest on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants, to the Time of 
payment — 

Voted, that this Meeting he adjourned <o Monday the 27"" of 
this Instant May 9 O'clock Before Noon, and that printed Noty- 
fications of this Adjournment be dispersed among the Inhabitants. 

Monday the 27 Day of May D O'Clock A : M : Met according 
to adjournment 

[640,] The Selectmen appointed a Committee at a Meeting 
of the Town last March to enquire into the terms or tenor upon 



Boston Town Records, 1704. 147 

which the Mill Owikms hold tlie :\rill Pond .Alilis &^ And to con- 
sider what iiddilion or luiicndineut may be; made to the; Laws for 
regulating the (JristMill which wouhl tend to remedy the incon- 
veuieuces the Town now hiliours under for want of faithful 

management in said Mills — Report 

That the 31'' of .July KM."} the 'lown granted to Henry Simmons 
and others all that Cove whieh is now the Mill Pond on Condition 
they Erected one or more Corn Mills within three Years and main- 
tained the same forever, the Town also obliged the Pr<)i)rieters by 
said Grant to make and maintain for ever a Gate of ten feet in 
breath to open with the Fluod for the passage of Boats into said 
Cove, and to make & maintain sulfieient passal)le and safe Ways 
for Horse and Cart o\er the Trenches they had by said Grant 
liberty to dig. The Town further gave them One hundred Acres 
of Land at Braintree for the enfouragemeut of said Mill, and 
stipulate that no other Common ]Mill shall be allowed except the 
necessary occasion of the Town re(iuire it. It has been suggested 
by some that there was a more particular Covenant and Agree- 
ment between the Proprietors and the Town, but nolhing of it can 
be found in the Towns Books or Papers, and upon enquiry of 
some that have been Proprietors, and others, we are inclined to 
think it is a mistake, as they have been acquainted with the Origi- 
nal Grant before recited, but never heaid of any Covenant or 

other Agreement 

Your Committee having informed themselves of the present 
situation of said Cove and Mill, are of Opinion that there has not 
been any forfeiture, which subjects the Proprietors to the Town, 
except the not maintaining a Gate for the passage of Boats into 
the Cove up the Creek over which the Mill Bridge now passes is 
one ; For the Gate which was there lias been for sometime entirely 

ruined and the passage into the Cove that way 

As to any additions or amendments to the Laws for regulating 
the Grist Mills, which would tend to lesson the present ditlicultys, 
your Committee would advise that if an alteration in said Laws 
can be obtained, "A Clause in the late Law whi{;h subjects the 
Miller to a penalty of five Shillings in case he refuses ui)oudemand 
to wefgh the Grain brought to tliem, and Meal delivered out," 
should be [041.] Amended and explained, by a Law providing 
that the penaltv may be a c;Mtain sum upon och Bushel, and that 
the Miller should be' subjected to said penalty if he does not weigh 
Grain in & Meal out whi«tlier it b,; demanded or not — Which 
Re[)ort being read and considered, it was then Voted that the 

same be accepted 

The Committee chosen to consider in which way and manner the 
Towns hiterest on Boston Neck may be disposed of for their best 
advantage — Report — That having ciireliilly viewed the Dams 
aforesaid and the Towns Lands, on each side of said Neck, es- 
pecially those heretofore Leased to John Hill Esq. and toSanniel 
Weiitworth Esq. and having matu'-ely considered the quantity 
quality and situation thereof, an; fully of Opinion that it will not 
be for the Interest of said Town but to their great damage and 
loss either to repair or uphold eitlier of those Dams or to now 



148 City Document No. 88. 

build any Dam there or to keep any of the Lands Leased as afore- 
said in their hands ; but that it will be most for the benefit of the 
Town to sell I he same Lands on each side the High Way there as 
soon as may be reserving to the Town whensoever they shall Judge 
it needful liberty to set up and build maintain and uphold good 
Banks or .Sea \Valls adjoining to either side of said High Way, 
sufficient to preserve the Causeys and Pavemenls of the said Way 
from being washed away or broken up by the violence of the 
Winds and AVaves ; and likewise restraining the Purchaser or 
Purchasers of the same Lands their Heirs and Assigns for ever, 
from taking or carrying any of the Soil Clay or Earth from off the 
same Lauds 

The above Report being read and debate had thereon the fur- 
ther Consideration was referred over to the next Town Meeting. 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting 

Voted, that the Thanks of tlie Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon''''^ James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the Business thereof. 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[642.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the 'J'own of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday 27^^ of May 
Anno Domini 1765. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - read 

The Hou^'" James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator. 

The Bill pending in the General Court relative to Wooden 
Buildings, was read, and that the sense of the Town respecting the 
same might be the better taken it was considered Paragraph by 
Paragraph, when it appearetl that the Bill in General was agreable, 
— The Clauses disapproved of, and which the Representatives 
were desired to have out in their new Draft of a Bill to be offered 
by them to the General Court at the ai)i)ro;iching Session were as 
follows — Vizt. 

1*' u And if after the expiration of the said term of ten Days 
the Selectmen shall Judge it necessary that such House shall be 
Shingled, they may if they see cause with the approbation of three 
Justices of the Peac-e, Quorum unus within the said Town, signi- 
fied in writing under their hands, grant Lisence for Shingling such 
Roof, provided that the said Justices shall be such as shall be 
specially authorized for that pur[)Ose by the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief, with the advice and consent of the Council to act 
therein during pleasure : And in ease there shall not at any time 
hereafter li' tliree Justices specially appointed in manner afore- 
said, and the Govei'uor, and Council shall not u\h>u application 
from the Selectmen proceed to authorize such ; then the Court of 
General Session of the Peace for the County of Suffolk, may ap- 
point three such Justices for the purpose aforesaid; Audit shall 
and may be lawful upon Lisense thus had and obtained, for the 



Boston Town Records, 1705. 149 

Owner or Owners of siu-h Mouse to cause the same to be Shingled 
accordingly " 

2nd kt And every Carpenter or other Person who shall Erect or 
remove an3' Ilcmse or lUiilihng contrary to the true intent & mean- 
ing of this Act, or shall Shingle the Roof of any old Dwelling 
Mouse. [G43.] lu the Town of Uoston without License ob- 
tained as before-menlioned, such Carpeutt-r or other Person shall 
likewise forfeit and pay the sum of Fifty Pounds." 

3rd i.i.'i'[mt the Owner of any and every House of more than Seven 
P^eet in hight which shall be built in the said Town of Boston, 
after the publication of this Act, otherwise then with Stone or 
Brick as it is by Law provided shall forfeit and i)ay the further 
Sum of Fifty Pounds for every such Offence " 

4"' "• With the approbation of three .Justices of the Peace 
Quorum uuus, within the said Town appointed as aforesaid, and 
signified by them in manner aforesaid." 

5"' " And may likewise be recovered by Presentment Indict- 
ment or Information. And the Attorney General of this Province ; 
as also the Grand Jurors for the County of Suffolk, are hereby 
respectively required from Time to Time diligently to enquire into 
inform of and i)resent all Offences that shall be committed against 
the same " 

(3111 li Provided that nothing in this Act shall be construed or 
understood to exempt any Offenders from like penaltys already 
incurred for the breach of either of the Laws beforementioned " — 

M''. -lohn Winslovv 
was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing Sworu 

M-" Daniel Pecker 
was chosen an Assessor, for the Year ensuing. d°. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to -i O'Clock P.M. 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

That Article in the Wan-ant Viz'. — ''To consider what Measures 
may be proper for the preservation of Beacon Mill " was read, and 
after dcliate had thereon it appearing to the Town that said Mill 
is in very great danger of being destroyed by Thomas llodson & 
Others digging Gravel on his Lot on North side of said Hill, and 
there being no prospect of the Towns being able to [nu-chase 
his Land or to i)revent his digging, without [04-1.] The inter- 
position of the General Court, therefore 

Voted, that the liepresi-ntatives of the Town be and tliey hereby 
aie directed to use tlieir inlluenee in the; General Court at the next 
Session, that an Act may be i)i'ovided for the purposes afore- 
said 

iluit Clause in the Warrant Viz'. •' To consider what Measures 
may l;e proi)er to prevont the Loss of Deer Island Head by the 
iiieroachment of the Sea." was read, and thereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are Appointed a Com- 
mittee to Flxamine into the i)reseiit Ciicumstanees of Deer Island 
Mead and to make a true R'.'presentation thereof to the (leneral 
Court at their next Session ; at the same Time setting forth of 
what importance it is to the tradmg Interest of this Province that 
said Head Land and thereby this Harbour should be preserved 



150 City Document No. 88. 

from the Ruin that now threatens them, and praying that such 
speedy and effectual Measures may be taken for tins purpose, as 
tliie General Court in their great Wisdom shall think meet 

Upon Consideaation of that Clause in the Warrant Viz'. — ■ 
"What further Steps shall betaken to obtain relief I'roni the 
General Court respecting the great charge incurred by the Small 
Pox — Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to draft a 
Petition to the General Court, representing. That by means of the 
Small Pox which in the providence of God was permitted to 
prevail in this Town the Year past, the Inhabitants have been 
great Sufferers, as well by the extraoidinary Expence it hath 
occasioned as by loss of Business ; and therefore humbly praying 
that the General Court would afford us such relief under our dis- 
tress as they in tlieir groat Goodness shall think proper, and that 
the Selectmen hand said Draft to our Representatives who are 
desired by the Town to prefer the same at the next Session of the 
General Court 

Report of Committee relative to the Expences of the Town 
again read, and thereupon Voted, That the same be accepted 

[645.] That Article in the Wai-rant Viz'. — " To consider 
the Votes relating to Collectors past last March Meeting" was 
read, and the Question put Viz'. — Whether the Vote respecting 
the Collectors Premium shall be reconsidered, passed in the Nega- 
tive 

The Selectmen having laid before the Town Lists of Names for the 
Jury Boxes, the same were accepted by the Town, and the Select- 
men desired to place them in the Boxes accordingly 

The Vote respecting the number of Collectors passed hist March 
Meeting, and which confined the clioice to four only, was now re- 
considered, whereupon 

Voted, that there be Six Collectors of Taxes chose for the Year 
ensuing 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for Six 
Collectors of Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess". Samuel Adams - - - declines 
Jonathan Payson d". 

John Grant d". 

Sampson Salter d°. 

Samuel Ruggles 
Benjamin Edes 
were chose Collectors of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjouined to Fryday next 3 
O'clock P : M : 

Met according to Adjournment 

The Report of a Clommittee relative to the Towns Land on 
Boston Neck ; the further Consideration whereof being referred 
over to this Meeting ; was read — And after considerable debate 
had thereon, the Question was put. Viz'. — Whether said Report 
shall be accepted — Passed in the Negative — — 

Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that the Lands, 
[646.] On each side of the Neck be Leased in their present State 
and Circumstances at the best discretion of the Selectmen — It 



Boston Toavn Records, 1705. 151 

was further Voted, that the term of 'J'iiiie on whieh said Lauds are 
to l)e Leased, shall not exeeed three Years 

U|)on 11 Motion made and seconded — the Question was put Viz'. 
— Whether tlie Consideration of Ihc Repairs of the North liattery 
I hall be referred to another Meeting — Pas-ed in y". >s\'gative 

It was then Voted that 

The Ilon'''^ Samuel Wells Esq. 

James Beaut iueau Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Cap'. Natliariiel Greenwood 
M". Robert Peirpoint 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to enquire into the 
present state of the North Battery, and Report their Opinion, and 
what they apprehend will be the Sum necessary to put tlie same in 
proper Repairs — Report to be made at the Adjournment of this 
Meeting 

Jonathan Payson Esq. 
« M''. Sampson Sailer 
were again chose Collectors for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Eridav the 17"'. of 
June next 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Fryday June 1 7"'. 3 O'Clock P : M Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Collectors and upon 
sorting them it api)car'd that 

Mess" Edward Holly day 
Edward Chureh 
were chose Collectoi's of Taxes for the Year ensuing 

[(>47.] The absence of the Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed the 27"' of May last "to enquire into the present state of 
the North Battery antl what will be a sum sutlicient to put the 
same into proper lepair," having i)ievented said Committee from 
Reporting their Opinion at this Adj( urninent as was desired and 
intended — the CJuestion was put Viz' — "Whether the Con- 
sideration of this Malter shall now come on — passed in the 
Affermative — The Town was then informed that their Com- 
mittee were of Opinion when on the Premisses that the Battery 
and Wliarff should be repaired, and that the Charge thereof would 
not exceed £2.":)0 — after some debate it was 

Voted, That the Selectm', n l)C and hereby are desired to repair 
the North Battery and the Wharff adjoining, |)rovided nevertheless 
that the E-:p('nco thereof shall not exceed the Sum of Two hun- 
dred and thirty Pounds lawful Money ■ 

Voted, that all Matters and Things that remain uufinish'd at 
this Meeting be and hereby arc referred over to the next General 
Town Meeting, to be then considered and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, th:it the Thanks of tlie Town be and hereby 
are given to the lion''''' James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 

Meeting for dispatehing the Business thereof 

Then the Meetinir was dissolved 



152 City Document No. 88. 

At a legal Meeting of the Freeboldevs and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall August 27"^ Anno Domini 
176.5 

The Hon''''' James Otis Esq. was chosen Bloderator 

[048.] Tlie Town having an utter detestation of the extraor- 
dinary & violent proceedings of a number of Persons unknown 
against some of tlic Inhabitants of the same, tlic last Night — 
Vote unanimously that the Selectmen and Majestrates of the Town 
be desired to use their utmost endeavors agreable to Law to sup- 
press the like disorders for the future, and that the FieehokVrs 
and other Inhabitants will do every thnig in their power to assist 
them therein 

Voted, That the Inhabitants of this Town will be ready on all 
occasions to assist the Selectmen and Majestrates in the Suppres- 
sion of all Disorders of a like nature that ra:iy happen when calletl 
upon for that purpose 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Ilon'^''^ James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 

dispatching the Business tlicreof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Thursday the 12"' of 
Septem"" 1765. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 

The Hon'^''^ James Otis was chosen Moderator 

That Aiticle in the Warrant Viz' "To confer upon "such 
" Measures as shall appear necessary to be taken in consequence 
"of [(541).] The Stamp Act, and other Matters of Greiveance, 
"and to determine whether Instructions shall be given to the 
" Representatives of the Town in General Assembly for their Con- 
"duct at this very alarming Cricis" — was read, whereuix)n 
— Voted, unanimously that Instructions be given our Repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly 

Voted, that the llon'^'« Samuel Wells Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M'' Samuel Adams 
John Erving J"". Esq. 
Josei)h Green Esq. 
John Iiuddock Esq 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to consider of what In- 
structions are proper to l)e given the Representatives of the Town 
as to their Conduct in General Court for tlie remainder of the 

Year 

On a Motion made and seconded. Voted unanimously that 
The Ilon*"'" .lames Otis Es(i. the Moder.itor 
The Gentlemen the Selectmen & Town Clerk 
The Representatives of the Town, together with 



Boston Towx ItEcouDS, 1765. 153 

The Iloa'''-^ Siimnel Wells Esq. 
The Hon"'" lloyA Tyler Esq. 
The Hon''''' Thomas Eliicker Esq. 
The Hon''''' Thouiiis Iliiltbanl Esq. 
The Hon'"'" Harrison Gray Esq. 
The Hon''''' John Erving Esq. 
be and liereby are Appointed a Committee to -wait upon the Hon*"'® 
Lord Adam Gordon, a Member of the IJritish I'arlinment now 
making the Tour of Amei-ica, to Congratnhite his Lordship in the 
Name of the Town, upon his safe Arrival ; to express their Wishes 
for his Lordships Prosp^rit}' ; and to request his kind Representa- 
tions and Inlluenee in favor of this Town and Provinee as his 
Lordships Wisdom and Justice shall direct; iiarticularly with Re- 
gard to the new Parliamentar}' Regulations, that so nearly affect 
the Rights as well as Trade of the American CoUonies, and have 
created such universal uneasiness among his IMajestys loyal 

[G50.] Subjects on this Continent 

The Petition of Cap'. Onesiphorus Tileston and others Trades- 
men employed in repairing Faneuil Hall praying that the Town 
would grant them some Relief on account of the length of Time 
they have already and are still like to be out of the Mouy due to 

them was read and debated — whereupon 

Voted, that The Hon''''' Royal Tvler Esq. 
The Hon''"' Samuel Well Esq. 
John Bairett Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
ISIeletiah Bourn Esq. 
Samuel Grant Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to take into considera- 
tion the Accounts of the Managers of the Lotteries for the Repairs 
of Faneuil Hall so far as they have been drawn as also the Accounts 
of the several Tnidesmen concerned in said Repairs, and that they 

Report at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voled, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday next 3 
O'clock P : M : 

Wednesday the 18'" of September 3 O'Clock V : M : Met accord- 
ing to Adjournment 

The Committee Appointed by the Town to wait upon Lord 
Adam Gonien, with their address — Reported — that they had 
attended that s-.Tvice, and presented his L>rdshi[) with an attested 
Copy of the \'ote, to which he was ][)leased to return the followmg 
Answer in Writing 

Gentlemen 

I find myse-lf very sensibly obligeil to you for this 
r>Iark of Your Attention, and for the Honor you have done me by 
your unanimous Address (-f Yesterday, for which ami your good 
[(551.] Wishes expressed in il, I l»eg leave to return you my l)est 
Thanks. 

I have had unicli Satisfaction in the Tour I have made in Biitish 
America, and am extremelv sorry to understand, there slioiild at 



154 City Document No. 88. 

this Time subsist any Uneasiness among l>is Majestj's good Sub- 
jects there ; more particularly in the Antient and Loyal Province 

and Town of Boston 

What little Influence I may be sup[)osed to have, shall ever be 
chearfully employed where the Interest of Gr.'at Britian & Amer- 
ica are concerned, which to me seem inseperable : Having ever 
been of Opinion that any Man who could wisli to see a Distinction 
or endeavor to Create a Dift'erence between them, must l^e an 

Enemy to both 

I have the Honor to be with much Truth & Esteem 
Gentlemen 

Your Most Obedient and 
Most Iluralile Servant 
Boston September 13* 1765. Ad: Gorden • 

The Committee Appointed the 12"" Instant on the Petition of 
Onesip^ Tileston and others — Report — 

That the Accounts of the Managers of the Lotteries for repair- 
ing Faneuil Hall so far as they have been drawn are right cast. 
As to the Accounts of the Several Tradesmen concerned in said 
Repairs, the Committee api)rehend they have no Just cause to com- 
plain of the Town should they tarry for the Mony without Interest 
untill it is raised by Lottery, which is exactly conformable to their 
Agreement with tlie Selectmen, and which Contract concludes with 
these words Viz' '^Aud to wait for our pay untill the Mony is 
raised b}' Lottery " therefore the Committee are of Opinion that 
the Town do not at present make any provision or allowance 
towards discharging said Accounts or any part thereof 

The Committee beg leave to recommend to the Town that when 
the Accounts of these Tradesmen shall have been properly liqui- 
dated, and as sufficient Sums from Time to Time are raised by 
Lottery to discharge them, that at the then next Meeting of the 
Town, all the hardships they may have suffered by the length of 
Time they have laid out of their Moneys, or other ways may be 
maturolv weighed and such an Allowance made them by the Town 

as that Time may be Judged proper 

Royal Tyler p Order 

[652.1 Which Report being read and debate had thereon the 

Question was put Whether the same shall be accepted — 

Passed in ihe Affermative 

It was moved and seconded tiiat there be a reconsideration of 

the above Vote, and the Question being accordingly put 

Passed in the Negative 

On a motion made and seconded. Voted that 

M'' Samuel Adams 

M"" Thomas Gray 

John Rowe Esq. 

]\Ielatiah Bourn Esq. 

Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Liquidate the several 
Accounts of the Tradesmen concerned in the Repairs of Faneuil 
HaU. 



Boston Town Recokds, 17()5. 155 

The Committoe Apiioiiited to draw np Iiistrnctions for the Rc>p- 

rcsenttitives of tlie i'own reported the following Draft 

To the IIou''''' James Otis Ksq. Thomas Gushing Esq. and M'. 
Thomas Gray. 
Gentlemen 

At a Time when the British American Subjects are every where 
loudly complaining of arbitrary unconstitutional Innovations the 
Town of lioston can not any longer remain silent without Just 
Imputation and Inexcusable Neglect. We therefore the Freeholdei's 
and other Inhabitants being Itg.iUy Assembled in I-'aneuil Hall, to 
consider What ste[)S aie necessary for usi to take at this alarming 
Crisis, think it proper to communicate to you our united Senti- 
ments, and to give you our Instructions thereupon 

It fills us with ver}' great Concern to (Ind, that Measures have l)eeu 
Adopted by the British Ministry, and Acts of Parliament made, 
which press hard upon our invaluable Rights and Privileges and 
ten greatly to distress the Trade of the Province, by which we 
have heretofore been able to contribute so large a share towards 
the Inriching [(553,] Of the Mother Country — But we are more 
particularly alarmed and astonished at the Act called the Stamp 
Act, by which a very grievous and we ai)prehend unconstitutional 

Tax is to be laid upon the Colonies 

By the Royal Charter granted to our Ancestors the power of 
making Laws for our internal Government and of levying Taxes, 
is vested in the General Assembly : And by the same Charter the 
Inhabitants of this Province are entitled to all the Rights & Privi- 
leges of natural free born Subjects of Great Britain ; the most 
essential Rights of British Subjects are those of being represented 
in the same Body which exercises the power of levying Taxes upon 
them, and of having their Property tryed by Juries ; These are 
the very Pillars of the British Constitution, foundeil in the common 
Rights of INIankiud. It is certain we were in no sense represented 
in the Parliament of Great Britain, when this Act of Taxation was 
made : And it is also certain that this Law admits of our prop- 
ertys bciug tryed in Controversies arising from internal concerns 
by Courts of Admiralty without a Jury : It follows that at once it 
annihilates the most valuable Privileges of our Charter, deprives 
us of the most essential Rights of Britain and greatly w^eakens the 
best securities of our Lives, Liberties and Estates ; which may 
hereafter be at the disposal of Judges who may be Strangers to 
us, and perhaps malicious, mercinnry, corrupt and 0[)pressive. 
But admitting that we had no complaints of this Nature we should 
still have reason to except against the Iniquality of these Taxes : 
It is well known that the People of this Province have not only 
settled this Country, but enlarged and defended the British Do- 
minion in America with a vast Expence of Treasure and Blood ; 
they have exerted themselves in the most distinguished services 
for their King by which they have often been reduced to the great- 
est distress ; And in the late War more especially by their surpriz- 
ing Exertions, they have brought upon themselves a Debt almost 
insupportable ; And we are well assui ed if these expensive services, 
for which very little if any advantage bath ever accrued to them- 



156 City Document No. 88. 

selves, together with the necessary Charges of supporting & de- 
fending his Majestys Government here had been duly estimated, 
the IMoneys desigiid to be drawn I'roin ns by this Act, would have 
appeared greatly beyond our Proportion. We look upon it as a 
peculiar hardship, that when the Representative Budy of this 
Province had [jrepared and sent forward a [G34.] Decent Remon- 
strance against these Proceedings, while ihey were depending iu 
the Flouse of Commons, it failed of admittance there : And this 
we esteem the more extraordinary, in as much as l)eing unrepre- 
sented, it was the only Method whereby they could make known 
their Objections to Measures, in the Event of which their Con- 
tituents were to be so deeply niterested. Moreover this Act if 
carried into Execution, will become a further Grieveance to us as 
it will alTord a Precedent for the Parliament to Tax us in all 
future Time, and in all such Ways and Measures, as they shall 
Judge meet without our Consent. 

We therefore think it our indes[)ensible Duly in Justice to our- 
selves and Posterity, as it is our undoubted Privilege in the most 
open and unreserved, but decent and respectful Terms to declare 
our greatest Disatisfaction with this Law : And we think it incum- 
bent upon you by no Means to Join in any publick Measures for 
countenancing and assisting in the Execution of the same : But to 
use your best endeavors in the General Assembly, to have the In- 
herent unalienable Rights of tho People of this Province, asserted 
and vindicated, and left upon the pul)lick Records, that Posterity 
may never have reason to charge the present Times with the Guilt 
of tamely given them away. 

It affords us the Greatest Satisfaction to hear that the Congress 
proposed by the House of Representatives of this Province, is 
consented to by the Representatives of most of the other CoUonies 
on the Continent. — We have the warmest Expectations from 
the united Counsels of that very respectable Committee : And we 
may with the strictest Propriety enjoin upon M"" Otis, a Member 
of the same, being also one of the Representatives of this Town to 
contribute the utmost of his Abelity, in having the Rights of the 
Colonies stated in the clearest vein, and laid before the Parliament 
and in preparing a humble I'etition to the King our Sovereign and 
Father, under whose Gracious Care and Prot.'ction, we have the 
strongest Reason to hope, that the Rights of the Colonies iu 
General & the pjirticular Charter Rights of this Province will be 
conlirmed and i)eri)etuated. We further Instruct 3'ou to take 
particular (Jare that the best ^Economy niav be used in expending 
the publick Moneys, and that no una<-customed Grants may be 
made to those who serve the Government — And we iu general 
recommend to your Care, that the Monies of the Province drawn 
from the Individuals of the Pe()})le at a Time when almost [655.] 
Every Avenue of our Trade is Obstructed, may not be applyed to 
any other Purposes, under any Pretence of necessary Contingent 
Charges, but wliat are evidently intended in the Act for supplying 
the Treasury. 

The aforegoing Report having been read several Times, and put 
Paragraph by Paragraph : It was Voted unanimously that the 
same be accepted 



Boston Town Records, 1765. 157 

On a Motion niado and seconded it was unanimously. Voted, 
that, 

The IIon'"« James Otis Esq. the Moderator 
The Hon""- Samuel Wells Esq. 
The lion''''' Harrison Gray Esq. 
The lion"'" Royal Tyler Esq. 

Joshua llenshavv Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M"" Samuel Adams 
bo a Committee to draw up and transmit by the first Opportunity, 
to the Right Honourable General Conway, now one of his Majestys 
princiind Secretarys of Stat',% and to Coll" Isaac Barre a Member 
of Parliament several Addresses, humbly expressing the sincere 
Thanks of this Metro|K)lis of liis Majestys ancient and loyal 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, for their noble, generous, and 
truly patriotick Speeches, at the last Session of J^arliameut, in 
fiivor of the Colonies, tlieir Rights and Privileges: And that cor- 
rect Copies of the same be desired that they may be deposited 
among our most precious Archives. Also Voted, that those 
Gentlemens Pictures as soon as they can be obtained, be placed 
in Faneuil Hall as a standing Monument to all Posterity, of the 
Virtue and Justice of our Benefactors, and a lasting Proof of our 

Gratitude 

Voted, that the Instructions to our Representatives be printed 

in the Thursdays News Papers 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are Given to 
the Hon'''® James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis« 

patching the Business thereof 

Then the Meetinof was dissolved. 



[G66.] ' At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of tlie Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in Publick Town 
Meeting Asseml)led at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the "27"' Day of 
September 17G5 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. Samuel Checkley. 

The Warrant for calling the Meeling - - - - read. 

The Precept for Choosing One Representative in the Room of 
Oxenbridge Thatcher Esq. lately deceased, was read 

Voted, that the Town will proceed to the choice of a suitable 
Person to Represent them at the Great & (ieneral Court the re- 
maining part of the Vear in the room of the late Oxenbridge 
Thatcher Esq. deceased 

The SelectnT'ii having declared to the Inhabitants that the Poll 
would be cK)sed at FiO'Clock, the Inhabitants withdrew & brought 
in their Votes for a Representative, and upon counting and sorting 
them it appeared that the numlier of Votes were 072 of which John 
Ruddock Esq. had llO — John Kone Esq. i;>7 — John Han- 
cock Esq. 40 — and M' Samuel Adams '247 — there being no 
choice the Inhabitants wen^ desired to withdraw again, and bring 
in their Votes, which being accordiiigiy done, it was found that 

1 [The on<5uial pajrin^- liere skip< ten. W. II. W.] 



158 City Document No. 88. 

tlie number of Votes were 448. and that M'. Samuel Adams had 
2G") Votes: Whereupon it was declared by the Selectmen tluit the 

said M\ Adams was dul}' Elected 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 2*^ Day of Novem- 
ber A D 17G5 

[667.] Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

The Hon'''^ James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants that Measures may be 
taken to prevent the Disorders that sometime happen at this 
Season of the Year, was read and large debate had thereon ; but 
the Petitioners desire leave of the Town to withdraw their Peti- 
tion the Question was accordingly put, and passed in the Affer- 
mative. 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 
for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified and warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the lo"* of November 
AD 1765 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read 

The Hon''''' Samuel Wells Esq. chosen Moderator 

That Article in the Warrant. Viz'. " To determine whether they 
" will choose two Collectors of Taxes for the present Year in the 
" room of M"". Edward Church and Benjamin Edes who were 
" chose in May last but refuse to serv^e " and after Debate had 
thereon the Question was put . Viz'. Whether two Collectors 
shall now be chose in the room of the two who have declined 
serving — Passed in the Negative 

[668.] Voted, that the Gentlemen the Assessors bo and 
hereby are directed to deliver the Tax Books to the four Collectors, 
who were chose at a late Meeting, they having given Bond and 
qualified themselves as the Law directs 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby' are given to 
the Hon''''' Samuel Wells Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of (he Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
tlie Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 18"*. Day 
of Dtcember Anno Domini 1765 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

Tlie Hon'*"' James Otis Esq. chosen Moderator 



Boston Town Records, 17()5. 159 

The Petition of :i iininber of Inhabitants for calling this Meeting 
was read, and after Deltate luid tliereon 
Voted unanimously that 

^r. Samuel Adams 

John Ro\v(> Msq. 

'I'homns (!ushin<jj Esq. 

John Hancock Ksq. 

John Ruildock Es(j. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 
[060.] Be :in(l hereby are Appointed a Committee to sign and 
present the following Memorial to his Excellency the Governor in 
Council ; and that 

Jeremiah Gridley Esq. 

James Otis Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 
be applyed to as Council to a[)pear in behalf of th " Town in sup- 
port of said Memorial 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
To His Excellency the Governor in Council 



The Memorial of the Town of Boston Humbly Sheweth 



That your Memorialists having a Just Sense of the value of the 
British Constitution of Government, under which they have 
enjoyed all the Blessings of Civil Life, cannot but be deeply 
affected, when the Channels through which these Blessings are 
derived to us are obstructed ; which is at present our unhappy 
Case. The Courts of Law within the Province in which alone Jus- 
tice can be distributed among the People, so far as respects Civil 
Matti'rs are to all iutents and purposes shut up, for which your 
Memorialists a[)prehend no Just and legal Reason can be 
Assigned. 

We have always understood that the Law is the great rule of 
Right, the Security of our Lives and Propertys, and the best Birth 
right of Englishmen: Under the A|)prehensions we make our 
humble Applications to your Excellency in Council, with whom the 
executive Power within the Province is constitutionally lodged, 
that yon would be pleased tu give such Directions to the several 
Courts and then- Ollici'rs, as that under no Pretence whatever, we 
maybe any longer deprivdl of this invaluable Blessing: — And 
your Memorialists jn-av that tlioy may be heard upon this most im- 
portant Subject by tlieir Council learnetl in Law. 

And as in Duty bound, they ever pray &'' 

Adjourned to 3 OCiock I' : .M : 

3 : OClock P : I\I : Met according to A<ljournment 

[670.] Voted. th:it the Ci'muiiltee api)ointed to present the 
above Memorial to lli^ Excellency in Council, be desired to do it 
as soon as possil)le, and that the Town Clerk acquaint Jeremiah 
Gridley Escj. the Hon''''' James Otis Escj. and Mr John Adams of 
the Vote respecting tlieir being applv'd to sis Council to appear in 
behalf of the 'J'own in suppoit of s;.id Memorial 

Adjourned to Sattiirjay next 10 O'C : A : M : 



1()0 CiTK- Document No. 88. 

Saturday December 21. 1765. Met according to Adjournm'. 

M'' Samuel Adams Cliairmau of the Committee appointed to 
present the Petition of the Town to his Excellency in Council for 
opening the Courts of Law witliin this Province — Reported — 
That they had presented the same, and tiiat the Town had been 
heard thereon, by their Council Appointed for that purpose ; and 
that the Governor and Council had the Subject Matter of the 
Memorial now under consideration. 

Adjourned to 3 OClock P : M : 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 

M^ Adams again Reported — That the Honourable the Coun- 
cil had come into some Resolves relative to the Memorial of the 
Town to His Excellency in Council, a Copy of which had been 
handed him by the Deputy Secretary, which Resolves being read 
it was Voted that the same be entred upon the Town Records — 

And they are as follows Viz'. 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston upon Sat- 
turday the 21". Day of Decera^ 1765 

The Board proceeded to the Consideration of the Memorial of 
the Town of Boston, and came to the following resolves — 
Viz'. 

That a Question in Law necessarily arises from said Memorial, 
namely, Whether the Officers of the Courts of Law can be justified 
in proceeding in their respective Offices with unstamp'd [671.] 
Papers, and it is thereupon — Resolved that it is the Business 
of the Courts of Law to determine Points of Law, nor can the 
Board with any propriety direct or advise the said Courts in such 
Judgments or determination, and in this point of Law, under the 
present state of the Province the Board are desirous that the said 
Courts should be free in their JudgiMuenlfe', without any apprehen- 
sion of censure from the Board, It is therefore further 

Resolved, that the Subject Matter of this Memorial is not i>roper 
for the determination of this Board nor is it in the power of the 
Board to afford relief in the way and manner pray'd for, but the 
Board recommend it to the Justices of the Liferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for the County of Suffolk to determine the aforesaid 
Point of Law as soon as may be, and to the other Courts within 
the Province to determine it at or before their first respective 
Terms. 

A true Copy Att Jn° Cotton D Secry. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — the Question was put 
Viz' Whether the Town apprehend the above Resolves of Council 
in consequence of their Memorial to His Excellency, in Council to 
be satisfactory — Passed in the Negative unanimously 

Adjourned to Thursday next 10 O'Clock A : M : 

Thursday December '2G'^\ 1765. Met according to Adjournmen'. 

The Town being acquMinted l>y several Gentlemen present, that 
the Courts of Probnte within this Province would be oi)ened ; that 
the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk had served and was ready to 
serve all Writts brought to him, and that the Court of Common 



Boston Town Records, 1760. 101 

Pleas for said County next iu course to sit, would meet & proceed 
to Business; and tluit INr Sheriff Greaiileaff and W. William MuU 
lineux could give the Town further satisfaction relative to these 
particulars 

It was tlierefore Vot 'il, t'lat i\r. Sheriff and Mr Mullincux be 
desired to inform the Town r;'sp.'cting tliese Matters — I\r. Sheriff 
accordingly declared that he ha;l duly served all the Writts which 
liad been given him for siu'vicc to tliis Day And M^ INIullinenx 
that [67*-i.] Having discoursed the Judges of the Inferior Court 
he had no reason to d Jiibt l)ut that the aforesaid Court would at 
their next Term i)roceed to l>usiness as usual ■ 

Upon a IMotiou made and seconded — V^jted that when this 
Meeting be Adjourned, il shall be to Thursday the KJ"" Day of 
January next 

Stephen Greanleaf Esq. Sheriff of the County of Suffolk having 
informed the Town thaf he and his Deputy M^ Benjamin Cudworth 
had each of them Yesterday received a Letter tending to the Dis- 
order of the Town which being read at the desire of the Town, it 
was thereupon 

Voted, unanimously that said Letters were highly abusive and 
inflamiter}', and tending to the distructioa of all good Order and 
Government; that they abhor and detest them, and that they will 
be at all Times ready to assist the Civil Majestrate and support 
all Officers iu the execulion of their Trust according to the Laws 
and usage of this Land, and also properly to reward the Person 
or Persons who shall discover and detect the Author or Authors 
of said Letters or either of them upon Conviction 

Upon a Motion madt; and seconded — V^oted, unanimously 
That the Rei)resentatives of the Town be and they hereby arc In- 
structed and directed to apply to his Kxcellency Francis Bernard 
Esq. as soon as may be, humbly to desire that the General Assem- 
bly of this Province be not further prorogued 

Then the Question was put — Whether the Town would now 
Adjourn, which passed in the AtTerinative, and the Meeting was 
accordiuglv AdjonrneJ to Thursdav tlie IG"'. of January next 3. 
O'clock P^: M : 

Thursday the IG"' of January 17GG. Met according to Adjourn- 
ment. 

M^ Adams Chairman of the Committee appointed to Liquidate 
[673.] Tlie Accounts of the several Tradesmen who repaired 
Faneuil Hall, acquainti'd the Town that they were not then pre- 
pared to make Report thereon 

" Whereas the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the County 
together will) the Court of Proitate is now open and Business 
going on as nsiial — Voted, unanimously that the Representatives 
of the Town be and lieieby are Instructed to use their utmost 
endeavours with the General Assembly at the present Session; 
that Measures may be taken that Justice be also duly Administred 
in all the Countys throughout the Province and that enquiry may 
be made into the Reasons why the Courts of Justice in the Prov- 
iace has been in anv Measure obstructcl 



1(12 City Document No. 88. 

It is fiirllier Votecl unainraonsly, That the Representatives be 
also Instructed, to use their Influence in the Geaer:il Assembly 
that proper enquiry may be made into the behavior of any Person 
or Persons who by their misconduct have either contributed towards 
the DitBcultys we labor under respecting the Stamp Act, or have 
basely neolected to u^e their upright and best endeavors, to re- 
lieve us. from those Dillicultys " 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting 

for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meetino; was dissolved. 



[674.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in pub- 
lick Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil IJall on Monday the lO*"* 

Day of March Anno Domini 17GG 

Prayer was made by the Rev'* D"" Chauncy 

"Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read — 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting - read 

The Hon''''' James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meet- 
ing, and took the Oath respecting his paying antl reciving Bills of 
Credit of the Connecticut New Hampshire and Rhode Island 

Governments, as required by an Act of tliis Province 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath respecting the Receiving and Paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of OtBce 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which oaths were adminis- 

tred to him by John Avery P^sq 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 

Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 

Joshua Henshaw Esq - . - - excused 
Joseph Jackson Esq - . - - Sworn 
Benjamin Austin Esq - - - - excused 

Samuel Sewall Esq Sworn 

John Ruddock Esq ----- d° 
.John Hancock Esq ----- d" 

M"" John VVinslow excused 

were chose Si'lectmen, for the Year ensuing 

[675.] Joshua Henshaw & Benjamin Austin Esq" having 

excused themselves from sending as Selectmen the Year ensuing — • 

Voted unanimously that t!ie Thanks of the Town be and hereby 

are given to the said Joshua Henshaw & Benjamin Austin Esq''^ 

for their iaithful services as Selectmen some Years past 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Selectmen in the room 
of those Gentlemen that had excused themselves from serving, and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

William Phillips Esq. 
M"' Timothy Newell 
were chose Selectmen for the Y''ear ensuing 



Boston Town Kecords, 17GG. 163 

The Town brougiit in their Voles for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upou sorting tliem, it appeared that 
Jolin Barrett Esq. 
'i^ie Ilon'''*^ Royal Tyler Esq. 
iM"" Benjam'n Dolbcar 
]Metaliah I'xMM-n Esq 
Isaac Sniilli !"'.sq. 
M"" Jonathan JNIason 
Josepli Gardner Esq. 
M^ William Whitwell 
M"" Henderson Inches 
Capt Benjamin Haminett 
M'' Ebenezer Storer 

John Avery Esq (excused) 1 chose Page 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them it appeard that 

Joseph Scott Esq - - - excused 
M'' Thomas Ivers 
16'76,'] M' Thomas Trott 

M'' Josiah Torrey 
M"" Phillip Freeman 
M' Robert Gould 
Cap' Jeremiah Stimson 
M' Samuel Abbott 
M"" William Boardman 
M' Neal MTntyre 
M'' Benjamin Phillips 
M' Daniel Parker 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing — (all sworn) 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer & 
which were sealed up and delivered to IVP Constable Salmon to be 

returned to the Court of Sessions 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Register of Deeds &". 
for the County of Suffolk, which were sealed ui) and delivered to 

M'' Constable Salmon to be returned to the Court of Sessions 

The Town brougiit in their Votes for Sixteen Fire-Wards, and 
upon sorting them it a[)pear'd, that 

Newman (irenough. Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. - - - excused 
John Rowe Esq. 
M'. William Cooper 

M"". Samuel Austin - - - - excused 
M^ John Mico Wendell 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
M^ Joseph Tyler 
M^ Jonathan Williams 
Cap'. Adino Paddock 
[677.] M"". .lames Richardson 

AVilliam Taylcr. Esq. - - - (excused) 
Cap'. William Downe Cheever 



164 City Document No. 8S. 

James Cunuinghnm. Esq. 
Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 
were chose Fire-Wards for the Year ensuing — (all swoin) 

Joseph Jackson Esq. M''. Samuel Austin and William Tayler Esq. 
having excused themselves from serving the Town as Kire-Ward-s 

the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the said Joseph Jackson. Samuel Austin and William Tayler for 

their faithful services as Fire-Wards, some Years past 

The Votes were brought in for Town Treasurer, and upon sort- 
ing them it appeard that JNF. David Jeffries was chosen, and having 
taken the Oatli respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the other Governments, took the Oath of Office for the faithful 
discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were administred to him by 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — the Question was put 
"Whether Constables and Collectors shall be Chose sepperate — 

Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be remitted out of the Ten 
Pounds Fine, to such Person as shall be Cbose into the Oflice of 
Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 
Mess". Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
Peter Barbour 
[678.] John Mein 

Hugh Torbet 
Robert Gorden 
James Anderson 
John Stevenson 
George Lindsey 
James Charity 
William M<=. Alpine 
William Corbitt (2 more hereafter) 
Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3 O'Clock. 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

The Town brought in their Votes for One Selectman, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that 

John Rowe Esq. sworn 

was chosen a Selectman for the Year ensuing. 

The Petition of the Collectors of Taxes for 1765 was read and 
after Debate had thereon 

Voted, that said Petitioners be and hereby are allowed the Sum 
of Nine Pence on the Pound as a Pren)ium on the Monys by them 
Collected the hist Year ; a former Conditional Vote notwithstand". 

Voted, that (he Sum of Nine Pence on the Pound be and hereby 
is allowed to such Persons as sh:dl be chose Collectors of Taxes 
for the Year ensuing, for all such Sums as they shall Collect, pro- 
vided tiiey pay into the Town Treasury one half part of the whole 
Sum they are obliged to pay him, within four Months from the 
Time they receive the Tax Books from the Assessors, and the 
other half part in Three Months after; and also pay into the 



Boston Town Records, 1766. 



105 



Province and County Tiensuri(>s One half part of the whole Sinn 
they shall be obliged to pay them [(>7().] llespeetively in Sevt n 
Months from the Time tliey shall receive the Tax lioi;ks from the 
Assessors as aforesaid, and tlie other half part in Five Months 
after; and incase either of said Collectors sluiU fail paying in the 
manner aforesaid, the Collector so failing shall not be entitled to 
the aforesaid Allowance of Nint; Pence on the Pound ; but wlioUy 
forfeit the same; provided also that each of saitl Collectors give 
Bond with sullicient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen, 
for th(i faithful discharge of their Duty in said Oilice, and comply- 
ing with this Vote 

Voted, that the Selectmen shall have a discretionary Power as to 
the payment of the Collectors Premium for the Year ensuing any 

former Vote notwithstanding 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and u|)on sorting them it appear'd that 
Jonathan Paysou Esq. 
M^ Sampson Salter 
M^ lulward HoUyday 
M"". Samuel Ruggles. Jun^ (all Sworn) 

were chose into that Ottice 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, and 
upon sotting them it appeared that 

Mess". William Fairfield 
John Kueeland 
Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M'. William Torrey 
M^ Jonathan Brown 
M^ Daniel Pecker 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Petition of sundry Iiihal)itants "That some Measures may 
[680.] Be taken for the more effectually regulating of Bakers 
Bread " was read — After Debate had thereon it was moved that 
said Petition be dismist, and the Question being accordingly put 

■ — Passed in the Affermative 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Clerks of the 
Market, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". John Welch - - - - excused 
Paul Kevear - - - - d°. 

Adam Colson - - - - Sworn 
Thomas Crafts - - - - excused 
James Thompson - - - sworn 
Bartho. Kneelaud - . - d°. 

Joseph Webb ... - d". 

John Lovel ... - d". 

Nicholas Bowes ... excused 

Elisha Eaton - - - - d°, 

Thomas Synnns ... Sworn 

IJobert Jenkins Tertius - - d". 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing — 5 more 
M^ John Gray 



1G6 City Document No. 88. 



was chosen Surveyor 


' of Hemp for the Year ensuing - 




Mess". 


, William Nichols 
Andrew Symms 
Clemeut Collins 
Henry Allen 
Isnac Vergoose 
John Grenough 
Jacob Thayer 
Joseph Edmunds 
John Skillins 






[681.] 


John Sergeant 








Richard Walker 


Mem. all 


sworn. 




John Champney 






were chose Surveyers of Boards and Shingles for the Year enso 


ing 








Mess", 


. Samuel Dyer 
John Dyer 
01)ediah Low 


sworn 






John Joy 


sworn 






William Crafts 


d°. 




were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 




Mess", 


, Ebenezer M'^.Intosh 
Samuel Bangs 
William Andrews 
John Shepherd 
William Stevenson 






were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing, 


& all sworn 


Mess", 


, Nathaniel Gardner 
Samuel Whitwell 






were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing - 





Mess", 


. Peter Cotta 


- 


Sworn 




Manesseh Masters 




d°. 




Joseph Dyer 




d». 




John Harskins 








David Spear 








Nathan Spear 








Jonathan Jenkins 








Samuel Treat 








Robert Brick Jun''. 






[683.] 


Job Wlieelwright 
Joshua Pico 


■ 






Benjamin Salt - 


- 


Sworn 




Paul Baxter 








John Owen 








Thomas Knox 








Samuel White - 


- 


d". 




Edward Cowell 


- 


do. 




Edward Potter - 


- 


d°. 




Peter Ellis 


- 


d°. 




Timothy Pease - 


- 


d°. 




Robert'Treat - 


- 


d°. 




Nathaniel AVatcrman 


d°. 




Jacob Williams 


- 


d°. 



Boston Town Records, 17G6. 



167 



d°. 



Swora 
d". 
d». 
d». 
d». 
d». 
d°. 
d». 
d'. 



were chose Cullers of Staves &". for Year ensuing 
Mess". David Siinens 

Thomas Cm tis 

were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

J\P. Edward ( urtis 

was chosen Hay v aid for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Benjamin ICdes 

Thomas Chase - - - 

Benjamin llomans 

William Rogers 

Jolly Allen 

John Adams 

Nathaniel Col)l)et 

Jeremy Webb 

Andrew IJoardman 

Robert Williams 
[683.] Clement Jackson 

Daniel iMeleigh 

were chose Scavingers lor the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyors of High Ways for the Year ensuing 

Mess". John Creen and David Wheeler having at their own cost 
and charge, built and compleated a Fire Engine, which upon tryal 
does honor to the Country as well as the Constructors; the use 
thereof on all occasions b}^ means of Fire that may happen they 
now offer th(! Town, provided they will keep the same in good re- 
pair, and allow the Men belonging theieto, the Exemptions and 
Privileges indulged the other Fugine-Mcn — It is therefore Voted 
that the Town do accept of the said generous proposal, and 
that the said INInster and jNIen when a|)proved by the Selectmen, 
be and hereby are excused and exempted from all such Duty, and 
Entitled to all such J'rivileges and Allowances, as are the other 
Engine Men, and this so long as the Town shall be obliged and 
served with the use of said Engine 
Voted that Mess". John Muffatt 

Ezekiel I'rice 

Th(jmas Gray 

John Boylston 

Nicholas Boylston 
be and they hereby are a[)pointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accounts of M"". Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are injoin'd to inspect 
every particular Account of the Moneys expended ((;r the use of the 
Alms house; they are also impowered when they shall Audit said 
Accompts, to allow such of the Overseers as shall advance Moneys 
for the relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the Time 

so Advanced, till they shall have Audited said Ac(;om|)ts 

[684.] The Selectmen Re[)orted on the Accompt of M' John 
Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt as 
entred in his liooks (and on File mi the Town Clerks Office) was 
read — whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted, and 
that M^ Fenno be accountable to the Town for 300 Bushels of 



168 City Document No. 88. 

Indian Corn and forty Bushels of Rye Meal amounting to 
£51 ,, 13 ,, 4 and also for the Sum of £273 ,, 18 ,, 1^ Cash now 
in his Hands, exclusive of Ihe Sum of £26 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary 
and Assistance, as charged in his Accorapt which is hereby 

allowed him 

William rhillips Esq. 
Joscj^h Jackson Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing; and they 
are desired and impowoied to give all needful Diiections to the 
Keeper of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be 

sold and affixing the price 1 hereof from Time to Time 

Mess'^ Martin Gay 
John Skinner 
were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 
John Tuder Esq. 
M^ John White 

were chose Surveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Voted that the Consideration of Schoolmasters Salarys and all 
other Salarys and Grants, be referred to next May Meeting. 
Adjourned to Tuesday Morning 10. O'Clock. A M : 

Tuesday Morning 10 O'Clock A : M ; Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

[685.] A Letter froui the Town of Plymouth directed to the 
Town Clerk of Boston in order to be laid before the Town at their 
present Meeting was accordingly laid before them, and is as fol- 
lows — Vizt 

To the Respectable Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 
Gentlemen 

At a Time when the Rights and Liberties of this Country are 
invaded, and the Inhabitants threatned with the Loss of every 
Thing that is dear to them, when they are embarrassed with every 
distress that is the never failing consequence of Slavery and Pov- 
erty, no Man of Society of Men, who are Sharers in the common 
Calamity (unless totally destitute of every Spark of Public Virtue 
and Patriotism) can remain unfealing and inactive Spectators, but 
must be ready on all Occasions to bless the Hearts which feel, and 
the Hands that exert themselves to avert the Evils threatned, and 
to restore that happiness which constantly attends the full Enjoy- 
ment of Natural and Constitutional liights and Lil)erties 

We therefore the Inhabitants of the Town of Tlymouth, ani- 
mated with a S])irit, of publick Virtue and Love of our Country, as 
well as Gratitude to all our Benefactors, and more especially to 
such as have distinguished themselves in the Common Cause of 
their Country in this Day of Distress and Difficulty, and being As- 
sembled in Town Meeting for that purpose, as a publick Testimony 
of our Esteem and Gratitude, beg you to accept our united and 
general Thanks for the invariable Att'u-hment you have on all Oc- 
casions and particularly tlie present shown to the Principles of 
Liberty, and for the vigorous Exertions <;f your Loval and Legal 
Endeavours to secure to our Country the nninterruptul Enjoyment 



Boston Town Records, 11 (Uk 1G9 

of that Blessing, & to transmit tlic same intiro and pc^rfctt to the 
latest Poterity — Instances of this niucli to your llonor and the 
Interest of your Country, DislinfTnish'd by the uneriing ]\Iarks of 
Disinterestedness and Generosity crowd upon our Minds on tliis 
Occasion: But to avoid iho imputation of Prolixity permit us to 
single out a few whicli are recent, and must readily occur to every 
one Mind, and which are sutlicient of themselves to Justify our 
Sentiments and merit the Gratitude of every Well-wisher to his 
Country. 

[68(5.] The now Regulations witli Regard to Mourning which 
has not only saved this Country, a great and needless Expeuce, 
and in a manner abolished a rediculous Pagentr}', but produced 
Consequences in our Mother Country very bencQcial to us ; and all 
principally at your Expeuce, as your Merchants were the principal 
Imporiers and Venders of those Articles ; A Measure which at the 
same Time that it reflects a Luslre upon your Conduct shews by 
the Success of it, that the People of this Country have Virtue 
enough to prefer its Interests to any Fashion that may stand in 
compitiou with it, however establish'd by long Custom and very 
particula r Prejudices 

The Opposition you have at all Times made, both to the Forreign 
& Domestick Invasion of our Rights ; and particular the Legal & 
Warrantable Measures you have taken to prevent the Execution of 
the Stamp Act in this Province 

The Spirited and noble Application you have made to have the 
Custom Houses and Conns of Justice opened in this Province 
upon which our wellfare Peace and Tranquility so much 
depend 

The Testimony you have from first to last born against and the 
abhorrence you have expressed of all outrageous Tumidts and 
Illegal proceedings, and their Consequeucos, and the Measures 
very early taken to restore Tranquility, and the security of Prop- 
erty in your Town, the Capital of thi3 Province; and the good 
Example thereby given to the other Towns of that love of Peace 
and good order which influenced you, and which we think sufficient 
to destroy all those injurious reflections the work of some Peoples 
Imaginations ; and from which they affect to draw Consequences 
not only disadvantageous to you, but to the whole Country. 

To conclude, that \'ou and your Posterity may ever be possessed 
of the full Enjoyment of that Liboty you have so laudably 
asserted, and contended for; that your Trade and Commerce the 
Source of Uiches and Oppulence to this Country, maybe extended 
and flourish ; that you may ever continue to deserve and have the 
Justice done 3-on to be possessed of the Love and Esteem of your 
Fellow Country Men wli;) renouncing that Solecism in Politicks, 
which arise IVoai an unnatural Distinction between Landed and 
Commercial Interests shall exert themselves to encmirage your 
Hearts [687.] And strengtlten your Hands are the sincere 
Wishes and ardent Prayers of your Fellow Subjects to the best of 
Kings, your PVUow Sufferers in t!ie Calamitys of this Country, and 
your Fellow Labourers in the Vine Yard of Liberty 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Plymouth. 



170 City Document No. 88. 

The Town having Considered of the Subject Matter of the above 
Letter, it was Voted, that M"" .Samuel Adams 

John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq 
be a Committee to draw up a Letter of Thanks to the Town of 
Plymouth. 

That Article of the Wanant \"iz' " To consider of a Proposal of 
the Overseers of the Poor, that the Towns Land North of the 
Almshouse maj' be improved for the use of said House " was read, 
and the Question being })ut — Whether said Laud shall be im- 
proved by the Oversceis of the Poor for the use of tlie Alms- 
house — Passed in the Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — Vot(^d, that the Select- 
men be desired to Examine the Claims of those Persons that dis- 
pute the Towns Tittle to part of the Land near tlie Almsliouse ; 
and that they endeavor for an amicable Settlement of any such 
dispute. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz' — " To consider what is 
proper to be done relative to Land near the South Market, the 
use of which was granted to Cap' Thcophilus Frary, His Heirs &'^ 
for Seventy Years from the Year IGD") — which is now in the 
Occupation of M"" Robert Hews" — was read, whereupon Voted, 
that this Matter be lelt to tlie consideration of the Selectmen, who 
are desired to Report at the Adjournment 

The Petition of sundry Liliabitants for paving Bear Lane was 
read, — after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Town will pay One third part of the Expence 
of paving said Lane when^compleated to the satisfaction of the 
Selectmen 

[688.] The Petition of John Child late Sealer of Leather 
" that he may be Reimbursed by the Town the Charges incurred 
by sustainim^ several Suits at Law on Account of Shoes seized by 
him &" " was read — and after debate had thereon. 

Voted, that the said INP Ciiild's Loss be made good by the Town, 
after his Accompts siiall be Examined, and properly Liquidated 
by the Selectmen 

Voted, tliat the Assessors be and hereby' are impowered and 
directetl to set f(n" the Abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Tiiinsday till the first Thursday in 
April inchisive and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks in November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opijortuuity of ajjplying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their being out of the Province ; 
at which Time tliey are also alhjwed & impowered to abate the 
Taxes of such iVrsons as may liavc died Insolvent or become 
Bankrupts between the said last Tiuu'sday in Aprd and the last 
Day of November 

The Committee Appoin<-ed the Is"' of September last to Liqui- 
date the Accompts of tl e several Tradesmen concerned in the 
Repairs of Faneul Hall - - - Reported — That having care- 
fully Examined the Ibllow'-ig Accompts they are of Opinion that 
they are Just and reasouaole. and the several Persons are at this 



Boston Town Records, 1766. 171 

Time Entitled to the Payment of tlieir Respective Demands — 
Viz'. 

Onesiphonis Tileston Esq. £1287,, 6 ,, 2 

M'. Samuel RujTgles - - 451 ,, 14 ,, G 

M'. Temple Dccoster 31!) ,, 17 ,, 3 

Thomas Dawes Esq. 3.37 ,, 14 ,, 

M^ .James Orr 48 ,, 19 ,, 2^ 

I\P. Josiah Waters 170,, — ,,7 

]\r. Edward Winter 40 „ 10 ,, 9 

'^r. Moses Pitcher 130 ,, 10 ,, 4 

[G89.] INP. Joseph Shed 42 „ 4 „ Oi 

W. limothy Thornton 32 ,, 14 ,, 8 

Thomns Drowiie ---------- 12 ,, 18 ,, 5^ 

W. John McLean 82 ,, (5 „ 8 

Isaac Greenwood ---------- 6,, 5,, — 



£2963 „ 2 „ 43 

Besides which there is an Accompt of M''. 

Henry Christian Geyer amount" to £173 ,, 4 ,, 1 

Of M^ Ebenezer Messinf!;er - - 48 ,, — ,, — 

Of which the Committee have not had 

Opportunity of being satisfied 

And John ScoUay Esq. his Accompt 387 ,, 17 . 



609 



£3572 „ 3 „ 8 



Which being already fully discharged the Committee did not 
take under their Consideration 

After Debate had upon the above Report, it was Voted that the 
same be accepted 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, That the Trades- 
men concerned in the Repairs of Faneuil Hall, shall for the 
amount of tliat part of said Repairs, which is not included in their 
Contract with the Town, have their Drafts on the Treasury for 
tlie respective Sums due to them, and that they be allowed Inter- 
est theieon from the Date of said Drafts nntill the Time ot Pay- 
ment. — It was further Voted, that what appears to be now due 
to the several Tradesmen to balance their Accompts, they shall 
receive Interest for, and tiiat the INIoneys arising from the Rents 
of Faneuil Hall Market, shall be approi)riatcd to the discharge of 
the Principal and Interest of said Debts, nntill the whole be paid 
by the Mony raised by Lotterys, and by the Income of said 
Market. 

Voted, that the Committee Appointed to Liquidate said Trades- 
mens Accompts be desired to com|)leat the Business, by Liquidat- 
ing such of those Accompts as were omitted ; Their Ri'port to be 
laid before the Town at their Adjournment, and that M'. Edward 
Payne be added to [G90.] Said Committee in the room of John 
Rowe Esq. who declines serving. 

That Article in the Warrant Viz' — " To consider of the Desire 
of a number of the Inhabitants that some Agreement may become 



172 City Document No. 88. 

iuto not to purchase any Lamb before a particular Time affixed by 

the Town " was read — whereupon 

Voted, that M^ Nathaniel Holmes 

Samuel Swift Esq. 

M''. Samuel Demming 

M'^. John Pidgeou 

M'. Joseph Belknap 

Cap'. Daniel Maleomb 

M^ Robert Peirpoint 

M^ John Ruggles 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

Thomas Marshall Esq. 

M'-. John Ballard 

M^ John JMico Wendell 
be and hereby are Jippointed a Committee to draw up such an 
Agreement as the Petitioners desire, and to procure Subscriptions 

accordingly 

Adjourned to Monday 24*. Instant 10 O'Clock A: M: 

Monday March 24"*. Met according to Adjournment. 

Mess" John Simkins Sworn 

James Bridgham d". 

Benjamin Peirpoint 

Jonas Clarke -d°. 

Ziphion Thayer ---d°. 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

John Avery Esq. chosen an Overseer of the Poor, having 
[691.] Been excused fiom serving in that Office. 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the said John Avery Esq. for his faithful services as 

an Overseer of the Poor, the last Year 

The Town brought in their Votes for one Warden, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

John Leveret Esq. 
was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Three Fire- Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeard, that 
John liancuck Esq. 

M^ Samuel Adams Sworn 

INF. Francis Shaw d". 

were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in tiieir Votes for One Overseer of the Poor 
and upon sorting them it appear'd, that, 

M^ William Greanleaff 

was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

The Committee appointed to make answer to the Letter from 

the Town of Plyinonth, Rs[)orted the following Draft 

To the Inhabitants of the Town of Plymouth 
Gentlemen 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston legally assembled 
in Faneuil Hall have received witii singular |jleasure, your respect- 
ful Address of the IG"*. of January last: The warm Sentiments 



Boston Town Records, ITGG. 173 

of public Virtue which you therein express is a sufTicicnt Eviden e, 
that the most ancieut Town in New England to whose Predecs- 
sors tliis Province in a particuhir manner is so greatly indebt^'d 
for their necessarj' Aids in its original [GJ)^.] fSettlcmeul still 
retain the truly nol)lc Spirit of our renowned Ancestors — When 
we recollect the ardent love of IJeligeon :ind Liberty, which in- 
spired the Breasts of those Worthys ; which induced them at the 
Time when Tyranny had laid its oppressive Hand on Church and 
State in their Native Country, to forsake their fair Possessions 
and seel< a Retreat in ihis distant Part of the Earih — WIk'u 
we reflect upon their early care to lay a soiled Foundation for 
Learning, even in a Wilderness, as the surest if not tlic only 
Means of preserving and clierishing the Principles of Liberty 
and Virtue, :ind transmitting them to us their Posteritv, our 
]\lind is filled with deep Veneration, and we bless and revere 
their Memory. 

Wiieu we consider the immense Cost and Pains thej' were at in 
subduing, cultivating, and settling this Land, with the utmost 
Peril of their Lives ; and the Surprizing increase of Dominion 
Strength and Riches, which has accruetl to Great Britian by their 
Expence & Labour we confess we feel an honest Indignation to 
think there ever should have been any among her Sons, so un- 
grateful as well as unjust and Cruel as to seek their Ruin 

Instances of this too frequently occur in the past History of our 
Country: The Names of Randolph, of Andross and others are 
handed down to us with Infamy ; And the Times in which we live, 
even these very Times, may furnish some future Historian with a 
Catalogue of those, who look upon our rising Greatness with an 
envious F^ye ; and while we and our Sister Colonies, have been 
exerting our growing Strength in the most substantial services to 
the Mother Country, by Art and Intrigue have wickedly attempted 
to deceive her into jMea'^ures to enslave us — If then Gentlemen, 
the Inhabitants of this Metropolis, have discovered an invariable 
Attachment to the Principles of Liberty, when it has been invaded : 
If they have made the most vigorous Exertions for our Countiy 
when she has been threatned with the Loss of every Thing that 
has been dear: If they have used their utmost Endeavors that 
she may be relieved fiom those Diflicultie'*, with which She is at 
this Time eml)arrassed ; If they have taken the Legal and war- 
rantable INIeasures to prevent that [093.] Misfortune of all 
others the most to be dreaded, the Execution of the Stamp Act ; 
and as a necessary Means of pr^-venting it, have made any Spirited 
Applications for opening the Custom House and Courts of Justice ; 
If at the same Time they have bore their Testimony against out- 
I'ogeous Tumults and illegal proceedings, and given any Example 
of the Love of Peace & good order next to the consciousness of 
having done (heir Duty is the Satisfaction of meeting with the 
Ap])robation of any of their Fellow Countrymen 

That the Spirit of our venerable Forefathers, may revive and 
be defused through every Community in tiiis Land : That Liberty 
Civil and Religeons, the grand Object of their View, may still be 
felt etijoy'd & vindicated by the present Generation, and the fair 



174 City Document Xo. 88. 

Inheritance, transmitted to our latest Posterity, is the fervent wish 

of the Metropolis — Submitted by 

Samuel Adams 
John Rcddock 
JonN [Iancock 

Voted, that the same bo accepted, and that the Town Cleric be 
& he hereby is directed to transmit as soon as may be to the Town 
Clerk of Plymouth, a fair attested Copy thereof, in ordor to its 
being laid before said Town ; and that the same be pubUshed in 
the Publick Prints 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that there be two 
Persons chose as Constables for this Town in addition to the 
twelve already chose and sworn into that Office 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Constables, and upon 
sorting them it appear'd that 

Mess". Abiel Ruddock - - - Excused 
James Thomas - - - d°. 

were chose Constables 

Mess" Benjamin Clark 
John Kilbey 
were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

[694.] M^ Samuel Turner 

was chose a Surveyor of Boai-ds for the Year ensuing 

It was moved and seconded that the Town reconsider their 
Vote relative to M^ Childs Petition, and after some Debate had 
thereon it was Voted, that this IMotion be taken up and considered 
at the next General Town Meeting 

The Representatives of the Town having expressed their Desire 
of being Instiucted by their Constituents relative to the expe- 
diency of a Repeal or amendment of the Bankrupt Act, the Con- 
sideration of which is to come before the General Court at their 
next Session — It was 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to warn a Meeting of the 
Inhabitants that the Sense of the Town may be taken respecting 
this Matter, if it should appear to them that the General Assem- 
bly is like to meet at the Time to which they stand Adjourned ; or 
in case of a dissolution of the Court, that they have an Article in 
the Warrant for next May Meeting for this special purpose 

Voted that all Matters and Things that remain unfinish'd at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next, to be then considered of and acted upon 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of 
this Meeting, for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



A considerable Number of the Inhabitants of this Town Assem- 
bled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 1". Day of April Anno : 
Domini 1706 

Tiie Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of the 
Meeting 



Boston Town Records, 17 GO. 175 

The Moderator th"!i ticqtKiint"cl the Assembly, that the prob- 
rbility of very soon receiving auU)entic Accounts of the absohitc 
Kcpeal of the Stamp Act. had occasioned the present Meeting; 
and as tliis would be an Event in whicli the Inhabitants of this 
IMetropolis, as well as all Nortli America, would have the greatest 
Occasion of Joy, it was thought expedient by many, tliat this 
Meeting sliould come into Measures for fixing tlie Time when 
tliose Ivi'joicings should be made, and the manner in which they 
should be conducted — whereupon it was 

Voted, That the Selectmen be desired when they shall hear the 
■certain News of the Repeal of the Stanip Act. to fix upon a Time 
for general Rejoicings ; and that they give the Inhabitants season- 
able Notice in such Manner as they sliall ihink best 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston iegall}'' qualilied and warned in Publicic Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 2VK Day of 
April Anno Domini. ITGC 

The Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
[G06.] This Meeting, and took the Oaths required by an Act 
of this Province 

After the Warrant for calling the Meeting had been read — 
Some Resolves of the House of Commons relative to American 
Affairs, as also sundry Extracts from late Letters received froui 
England were also read 

After which the Town took into consideration the Article in the 
^Yarrant for calling the Meeting. (Viz') To agree on such Meas- 
ures of Conduct as may be proper when we shall receive certain 
advice of the Repeal of the Stamp Act — whereup 

Voted, That the Selectmen be desired when they shall have a 
certain account of the Repeal of the Stamp Act to Notify the In- 
habitants of the Time tliey shall fix upon for the general Rejoic- 
ings & to publish the following Vote — Viz*. 

Under the deepest Sense of Duty and Loyalty to our most 
gracious Sovereign King George, and in resi)ect and Gratitude to 
the present Patriotick Ministry, M"". Pitt, and the Glorious Major- 
it\- of both Houses of Parliament, by whose Influence under 
Divine Providence against a most strenuous Opposition, a happ}' 
Repeal of the Stamp Act so unconstitutional as well as grievous 
to his Majestys good Subjects of America is attained. wherel)y 
our incontestable Right of Internal Taxation still remains to us 
inviolate — Voted, that at the Time the Selectmen shall ap- 
point, every Inhabitant ])e desired to Illuminate his Dwelling 
House, and that it is the Sense of the Town, that the Houses of 
of the Poor, as well as those where there are sick Persons and all 
8uch parts of Houses as are used for Stores together with the 
Houses of those (if there are any) who from certain Religeous 
Scruples cannot conform to this Vote, ought to be i)rotected from 
all Injury- ; and that all Abuses and Disorders on the Evening for 



176 City Document No. 88. 

Rejoyeings by breaking Windows, or otherwise, if any should 

happen, be prosecuted by the Town 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted unanimously, [697.] 
That the Majestratts of the Town ; The Selectmen ; Fire- Wards ; 
Constables and Engine Men, be desired to use their utmost 
Endeavours to prevent any Bone-Fires being made in any part of 
this Town, also the throwing of Rockets, Squibs, and other Fire 
Works in any of the Streets of said Town except the Time that 
shall be appointed for general Rejoicings, and that the Inhabitants 
be desired for the present to restrain their Children and Servants 

from going abroad on Evenings 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, That for the Security 
of the Powder House on the Night of general Rejoicings the Select- 
men be desired to Order two of the Fire Engines into the Common 
to be placed near said ]\Ingazine ; and that the Roof thereof be 
well wet ; and that the Air Holes be stop't witli Mortar and Brick 

or otherwise as they may Judge proper 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 

Tlie llon'^'^ Jolm Erving Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

M''. Samuel Adams 

John Hancock Esq. 

The Hon"''". Royal Tyler Esq. 

Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take into Considera- 
tion and Report at May Meeting, what they think may be furtl)er 
necessary for the Town to do, in order to testify their Gratitude to 
those Patriots on the other side of the Water to whose Endeavors 
it is owing that the Liberties of America are secured, and Love 
and Harmony between his Majestys Subjects in Great Britain and 
the Colonies, is perpetuated, Iw the happy Repeal of the Stamp 

Act 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
[(>1)8,] are given to the Ilon'''^. James Otis Esq. the Moderator of 

this Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Tlien the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Tuesday the 6"'. Day of 
May Anno Domini. 17GG 



Player was made by the Rev**. M"". Pemberton 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - read 

Sundry Laws Read 

Coll". Joseph Jackson Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in 
their Name to the Inhnbitants Assembled to proceed to the choice 
of one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and 
General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston ni)on Wednesday 
the 28"*. Day of May Current ; and in order thereto to consider 



Boston Town Records, 1766. 177 

and ascertain the number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; nccordingly 
it was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Ilei)resentalives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will be re- 
ceived but such as are unfolded, & that they i)ropose the Poll bhall 
be closed at 12 OClock 

The V^otes beiuL!; brou<iht in the Number of Votes were found t j 
bo 74G, and upon sorting tlu'm it apijcaicd that the Four foUowiug 
Gentlemen were chose — Viz'. 

[G91>.] The Ilon'^'^ .lames Otis Esq. - - - - CA2 

Thomas Cusliing E-q. ------ (;7G 

W. Samuel Adams (J'.)l 

John Ibmcoek Esq. ------- -VM 

The choice of Uepresentatives being over, and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw, and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other AlTairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; aceoidingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought 
in their Votes and upon sorting them it appeared, that the Hon"*'^. 
James Otis Esq. was chosen 

M"". Thomaa Gray having excused himself from serving as a 
I?e|)resentative. Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town 
be and hereby are given to the said Gentleman for his faithful ser- 
vices as a Ifepreseutative of this Town in General Assembly, some 
Years past 

Voted, that this Me(4ing be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock. P: M: 

3 O'Cloek P: M : Met according to Adjourumi'nt. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants *•' for Paving the Street 
leading from Water Street into Milk Street" — was read, and 
after debate bad thereon 

V^oted, that the Town lie at the Expence of Forty Five Pounds 
tow^ards paving said Lane, the Land having been given by one of 
tha Petitioners, provided the rest is made up by Subscription, and 
the Paving com[)leated to the Satisfaction of the Selectmen 

The following is the Copy of a Letter from ColP. IJarrce, Mem- 
ber of Parliament to James Otis Esq. as Chairman of the Commit- 
tee aiqjointed to transmit him the Thanks of the Inhabitants of 
this ^Ietroi)t)lis, for [TOO.] Ilis Patriotick Speech at the last 
Session of Pailiameut in favor of the Colonies, which was laid 

before the Town by said M"". Oti:i 

Sir 

It is with the highest Sense of the Honor done me I acknowl- 
edge the Uecelpt of your Letter dated Boston New England 
Sei>tember 20"'. with the unanimous resolution of the connnittee 
inclosed containing ex[)ressi#>ns of approbation from the Mt'tro|)olis 
of His Majestys ancient and loyal Provinie of the 31assachuselts 
IJay, which are exceeding (lattering to nie — During the last 
war, the course of my profession gave me frequent and pleasing 
oi)portnnities of observing attentively the spirit, loyalty, and 
attachment of his Majestys Noi'th Anicrican Subjects, in support 
of a war begun in defence of the limits of North America, and 
continued to t!ie honor and immortal glory of this Nation in every 
part of the world. 



]7t5 City Document No. 88. 

My natural attachment to this country, a regard to its most 
solid interests, to its improveuients in time of ix?ace (which so 
greatly depends on the establishin'j; our late extended commerce 
up^'n tliose geuero-as and steady principles, which a happy experi- 
(•nce, and the information of those most materially concerned can 
suggest) and to the uniting of our strength in case of any future 
rupture, has ajid will ever make me desirous of promoting every 
measure that may contribute to those good effects, and of strongly 
deprecating those of a contrary tendency. My conduct in Parlia- 
ment so obligingly refe*'r'd to, being the rea) sentiments of my 
heart, was the natural result of those considerations. The terms 
in which they were delivered were such as the particular circum- 
stances of time and place fii-st suggested, and such as I cannot 
possibly at this distance charge my memory with. They were not 
premeditated, nor are they perhaps worthy to be remembred. I 
must therefore beg your meditation Sir, with the respectable body 
whose pen you hold, to excuse my troubling them with an imper- 
fect repetition of words in themselves of little use in North 
America. But if there should be any call for the like exertions in 
Europe. I beg leave thro. [701.] Your means to assure them 
that no consideration shall make me forget my duty, whensoever 
an occasion presents itself, of promoting to the utmost of my 
abilitys, the united interest of Great Britain and her Colonies 

As long as the Inhabitants of Massachusetts Bay will continue 
to regard the motives of my conduct, and not the consequences, I 
do not despair of retaining, what I shall ever esteem among the 
greatest rewards, their api>robation, of which I cannot have a 
more honourable or distinguishing mark than that contain'd in the 
last part of their resolution. A flattering request which I shall 
comply with as soon as possible 

My being abroad the w^hole summer prevented me from having 
the Honor of receiving your letter sooner than the end of december ; 
this circumstance ] beg may be communicated to the gentlemen of 
the committee and to your respectable fellow citizens : At the 
same time you will accept I hope of my sincere thanks, for your 
very polite manner of communicating to me their sentiments, and 
lor the trouble you have had on this occasion. 1 am with the 
greatest respect and personal regard 

Sir 

Your most obedient and 
most humble Servant 

London Jan^. 11. 176G Isaac Bakuee 

To the Hon'''*. James Otis Esq. 

M'". Otis also laid before the Town a^Letter he had Just received 
from the Riglit Honorable General Conway one of bis JMajestys 
principal Secretarys of State ; the following is a Coi^y thereof 

S'. James's November 10. 1765. 
Sir 

I had the favor of your Letter of 2i)^. of xSeptember last, trans- 
mitting to me the Thanks of the Town of Boston for a Speech 
made l»y me, last Session of Parliament, in favor of the Colonies. 
Though I am [70!^.] Persuaded, Sir, the Honor done me ou this 



Boston" Town Ixecords, ITGfi. 170 

Occasion is such as my fcoble Efforts in a Question, where the 
interest of the; Colonies were concerned, coiild give me litth; pre- 
tentious to ; I cannot however be Ujss sensible of this singular 
Mark of Distinction from the Inhabitants of Hoston : I must there- 
fore beg- thro' yon, Sir, to return them my humble Thanks for this 
extraordinary Honor, and to assure them that my sincere and 
earnest Endeavours shall never be \vantin<i; to j)romote the Well- 
fare of the British Colonies ; [)ersuaded that 1 can give no stronger 
Proof of Zeal for this Country, whose Interest I hold to be in- 
sepparable from those of her Provinces ; and that no true Fiiend to 
either can wisli to sow or to enco«in-age any Princii)les of Disgust 
or Division between them 

In regard to the Copy of my Si)eech which they do me the 
Honor to ask for, I must beg you, 8ir, to make my excuse, as it 
has never been my Custom to commit to writing any weak 
Thoughts, I may presume at any Time to offer to Parliament ; nor 
if it were [)0ssible at this Distance of Time, to recollect the 
Arguments I might have used could I think what I said on the 
Occasion tiiey alude to, by any means wo«'thy of their Attention 
or Acceptance. 

The Honor done to me by the (leutlemen of Boston, in their 
Inti'Ution of allowing my Picture a Place in the Faneuil Hall, is 
such that I cannot but acknowledge with much Gratitude, as a 
singular Proof of their favourable 0|)iuion : And since they are 
pleased to think it worth their Accei)tance, the}' may chpend upon 
my obeying their Commands upon that Subject 

I must beg leave to add to this my particular Thanks, for the 
very polite manner in which yon have been pleased to communicate 
to me the above Resolutions, and to assiu'e you of the greatest 

Esteem with which I am 

Sir 

Your most bumble 

and obed'. Servant 

H. S. Conway 

[703.] Upon considering t'liat Clause in the Wan-ant. (Viz'.) 
" To determine whether the Ground on the South Side and East 
End of the INIarket shall be leaved " It was 

Voted, ttiat the Seleetmeu be desired to Pave and Repair so 
much of the Ground within the Market Rails, at the South and 
East Side of the Market as they may Judge proper- 

The Committee appointed to open a Subscription for i-aising 
Moneys for Building and Endowing a Bedlam Reported — where- 
upon Voted that saiil Report lay upon the Table 

Ul)ou consideration of that Clause in the Warr'. (Viz' ) '"Tiiat 
the Sense of the Town may be known res[)ecting the late ^oll'^'^ 
Thomas Hancock Esq. D<jnation towards Building a Bedlam." 
Voted, tliat Foster Hntciiinson Es(j. 
Ezekicl (ioldtJnvait Esq. 
. John Ruddock Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
^leiatiah IWnn-n Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Commiitee to take this Matter into 



180 City Docoient No. 88. 

Cousiderntion, and Report what is proper to be doue by the Town, 

at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the AVarrant (Viz'.) " To 

determine what ste[)S shall be taken relative to the IJaukrupt Act" 

Voted, that it be an Instruction to the Representatives of this 

Town in General Assembly, that they move for a Repeal of ihe 

present Bankrupt Act 

Voted, that tlxi Representatives move that any Bill relative to 
Bankrupts, that shall be brought into the House, be laid before 
the Town before it sliall be passed into a Law — It was further 
[704.] Voted, that John Rowe Esq. 

]\T. William MuUineux 
William Phillips Esq. 
M^ Thomas Gray 
John Avery Esq. 
Nathaniel Bethune Esq. 
Richard Clark Esq. 
M'. Henderson Inches 
M'. Edward Payne 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to consider and Report 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting their Opinion of a proper 
Bankrupt Bill for this Province. 

Upon consideration of that Clause in the Wariant. (Viz'.) 
" Whether Instructions shall be given to the Representatives that 

may be chosen " 

Voted, that Richard Dana Esq, 

Edmund Quincy, Tertius 
M^ Thomas Gray 
Joshua llenshaw Esq. 
Samuel Grant Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up Instructions 
to the Representatives, and to Report tlie same at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting. 

M' Stephen Cleverly 
was chosen a Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 26"'. 
Instant, 10. O'Clock Before Noon 

Monday the 2G"'. of May. 10. O'Clock. A : M : 

[705.] Town met according to Adjournment. 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 17G6 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 14"\ of Ma}' 1764 — desiring the Selectmen to visit 
the several publick Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentle- 
men to accompany them therein, as they should think proper, and 
to Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service on 
Wednesday the 26. Day of June last accompanied by the follow- 
ing Gentlemen — Viz'. 

The Hon'''^ Thomas IIul)bard Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 



Boston Town Records, 1766. 181 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

James Bowdoin Esq. 

William Brattle Esq. 

Nathaniel Sparliavvk. Esq. 
The Representatives of the Towu 
The Overseers of the Poor 
The llev'i. Joseph Sewall D : I) : 

Charles C hainicy 1) : D : 

Jonathan May hew D : D : 

M'. Samnel Mather 

M\ Andrew Elliot 

M^ Samuel Checkley 

M"". Ebenezer Pemberton 

M^ Mather Byles 

M''. Samuel Checklc}' Jim'. 

M^ Samuel Cooper 

M"". Josei)h Jackson 

Coll°. Salstoiistall of New London 

Nathaniel Thwing Esq. 

James Pilts Esq. 
[706.] John Tuder Esq. 

D^ Phil : God : Cast 

M"'. Samuel Austin 

]M^ William Parkman 

Cap'. Ichabod Jones 

]\P. Alexander Hill 

M''. Jonathan Williams 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M^ Samuel Pemberton 

M^ Mansfield of Marblehead 

D^ Thomas Bullfinch 

D'. Nathaniel Perkins 

Cap'. Phillips of Castle William 

M^ John Mico Wendell 

The Survever General 

M'. John Smith 

M^ Peter Cherdoa 

Henry Lloyd Esq. 

James Beauteneau Esq. 

I\P. Edward Payne 
And found the Sou(h Grammar School had 119 Scholars 
the North Grammar School al)out - - - 47 Scholars 
the South Writinn; School ----- 250 Scholars 
tlie North Writing School ----- 2tG Scholars 
the Writing School in Queen Street - - 246 Scholars 

all in very good order 

Joshua IIensiiaw ^ 

JosKPii Jackson | 

Benjamin Austin ! Si'lectinca 

Samuel Sewall ( of Boston. 

John Ruddock | 

John Hancock J 



182 City Document No. 88. 

[707,] Voted, that the above Report bo accepted and that 
the Gentlemeu the Selectmen be desired to visit the pnblick 
Schools the Year ensuing, and that they desire sucli Gentlemen to 
accompany them therein, as they shall think proper, and con- 
venient, and that they Report thereon 

The Commiitee appointed to examine the Accounts of M^ 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that service, and 
find the same right Cast and well Vouched, in which he charges 
himself with sundry Fines, Rents and other Incomes of the Town 
as also with the Tax of £5000 — all which amount to the Sum of 
£129] 4 ,, 1 ,, 5i including the balance of old Account 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to £1145 ,, 15 ,, 3f by 
Drafts made by the Selectmen amounting to £3320 ,, 8 ,, 9 of 
which he has paid £2G17 ,, 16 ,, 11;^ and by Drafts made by the 
Overseers of the Poor, which contain the charges of the Alms 
house amounting to £2658 ,, 17,, Ti*^. of which he has paid £1464 ,, 
17 ,, lOi. Also b}' sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to 
£207 ,, "l7 ,, lOi — the whole amounting to £7338 ,, 19 ,, 6f 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner ; and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of publick Charge, amounting in all as above to 
£7338 ,, 19 ,, 6^ as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books, Balance whereof being £5575 ,, 1 ,, lOf is 
carried to the Credit of new Account 

Which Report and Account being read — Voted, that the same 
be and hereby is accepted 

The Committee appointed to draw up Instructions for the Repre- 
sentatives of the Town, Reported the following Draft 

To the Hon"^ James Otis Esq. Thomas Cushiug Esq. M'. 
Sanniel Adams, and Jolin Hancock Esq. 

[70S.] Gentlemeu 

The trust we your constituents have reposed in you, by chus'ng 
you to represent us in the approaching general assembly of this 
Province, is of so important a nature, that nothing short of an 
intire confidence in your wisdom and integrity, could have pre- 
vailed on us to have devolved it upon you. And although it is 
not customar}' for us to give Instructions to our representatives, 
for their conduct in all cases, or upon all occasions, yet we hold 
the right of so doing, whenever we think fit to be sacred and un- 
alienable. The present situation of this Province in particular, 
of North America in general, and of Great Britain and i)er Colo- 
nies, as a Nation, is such, that notwithstanding our confidence in 
your abilities, we appreliend it not im[)roper for us to give you our 
advice, and instructions upon some of tlae im[)ortant affairs wliicli 
may come before you in that assembly: And we expect that you 
regulate your conduct tlierein accordingly 

In the first place, as to this province in particular, it is our 
advice and instruction, that you endeavor as far as in you lieth, to 
support all the fundamental laws of our constitution, and maintain 
the authority of government upon ever\- occasion. — That 30U do 



Boston Town Jaccords, 17GG. 183 

all in yo-.ir power to prcvcut moiioy, or ir.iy pretence wh.itsoovor, 
being d;awu out of the publick Treasury, contrary to the ai);)ro- 
piiations thereof; and that if any such drafts fehoull ever be miide, 
you l)ear due testimony against it. 

That you be not persimonious in the support of executive olllcers 
of government, but at the same time use all your influence against 
any one olllcers holding two or more i)laces inconsistent or int;'r- 
fcreing with each other. — That you take particular care in your 
choice of councilors and other otllcers of the government for the 
ensuing year, that they bo men of integrity, and wisdom, lovers of 
liberty, and of our civil and ecclesiastical constitution ; not giving 
your suffrage for any whose characters are doubtfull. or who are 
of a timid or wavering disposition. — That you bring forward and 
promote such an order as shall make the clebates in the house of 
representatives as public as those in the House of Commons in 
Great Britain that you be very watchful over our -Just lights, 
liberiies and privileges [TOO.] And give us notice whenever you 
apprehend them ia danger; ancl for the total abolishing of slavery 
from among us ; that you move for a law, to prohibit the iniporta- 
tion and i)urchasing of slaves for the future. 

That yon support ai:d promote the commercial interests of this 
province on all occasions, as we apprehend the prosperity and 
increase thereof in a great measure depends upon the tlourishiug 
State of its trade : And thatv'ou by no means consent to the liying 
any unjust burden thereon, ever giving us the earliest notice of 
such an attempt. That you also encourage husbandry ia all its 
branches, and that spirit of industry, frugality and oeconomy, 
which we rejoice to find hath already taken place, and ^^o much 
increased among us of late. — That you oppose any grants for 
erecting, maintaining, or gai-risoning any useless or unnecessary 
Forts or fortresses, in any part of this province ; and if any sui-h 
fortresses be now garrisoned and niaintaiu'd at the public oxpeuee, 
that you do your utmost that sueli greieveances may be s[)eedily 
redressed. That you at the same time duly support and encourage 
our seminaries of learning, by a sui'.alile liberalit}' to the governors 
and instructors thereof, more agreablc to the importance of their 
odice than to tlio parsimony heretofore observed in giants for that 
purpose; since we apprehend that learning is the surest support 
of our constitution ; science being the handmaid of liberty, whil j 
ignorance is the nurse of slavery. 

In the next place with respect to North America in general, it 
is our advice and instruction, that you keep up a constant and 
friendly intercourse with the other English Governments on the 
Continent: That you conciliate divisions and differences if a:iy be 
now subsisting, or should hereafter arise ; ever preferring their 
friendship and confidence, to the demands of rigorous .lustieo 
without them. — In the last place as to Great Britain & her Colo- 
nies as a Nation — It is our advice and instruction, that oa all 
proper occasions you openly piofess our duty and lovaltv to the 
King ; and a constitutional subordination to parliament. That you 
treat his INIajestys Representatives, and all his other olfieers h?re, 
with due respect ; being at the same time vigilant and Jc.djus, of 



184 City Document No. 88. 

our Just rights liberties and privileges ; iu all [710.] Cases pro- 
testing against and counteracting, with decent firmness every 
attempt in the least to abridge or infringe them. That you 
endeavor to promote tljat harmony, which ought ever to subsist 
between Great Britain and her Colonies 

The aforegoing Report having been read several times, and 
duly considered: It was Voted, unanimously, that the same be 
accepted 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the Dona- 
tion of the late llououi-able Thomas Hancock Esq. for building an 
Hospital or Bedlam for the reception of such unhappy persons as 
it may please God in his providence to deprive of their reason — 
Kei)ort 

That they have met and considered of the same, and it appear- 
ing to the Committee that the Hon'''^ Gentleman deceased for 
some years before his death being fully convinced of the necessity 
of having such a House, generously laid a foundation for the same 
by the bequest of Six hundred Pounds lawful money, and it being 
the sense of the Town that such an House is much wanted, they 
accordingly by their Vote passed the 2.3"'. March 17G5 readily ac- 
cepted of said Donation — The Committee are therefore of Opinion 
that the Town immediately proceed to Erect or pi-ocure a Building 
suitable to answer the uoble Design of M'. Hancock ; but as the 
!Sum by him given is insufficient for effecting it, aud a very con- 
siderable additional Sum will be wanted tocompleat said Building, 
and supplying it with all Necessarys, the Committee would propose 
that the Town apply to the General Court for their assistance 
therein, and that this Meeting l)e Adjourned to some further Da3', 
iu order to know what the General Court shall have done in this 
matter, that so the Town may regulate its further proceedings 
accordingly ; the Committee being of Opinion that it is an affair of 
such imi)ortance and under such Circumstances as that it will not 
admit of any further delay. 

The above Report having been read and considered — Voted, 
unanimously, that the same be accepted 

It was further Voted, that, 

The Uon^^" Samuel Wells Esq. 
Samuel Sewall Esq. 

[111.] Benjamin Kent Esq. 

Foster Hutchinson Esq 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
William Pliillips Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to prefer a Petition to 
the General Assembly to obtain some addition to the Donation 
of the late ""°'^'^ Tlio'raas Hancock Esq. for building a Bedlam in 
order to effect the purposes intended by the noble design of the 
Beciuc'st 

The Committee appointed to consider and Report at this Ad- 
journini'nt, their Opinion of a pro^^er Bankrupt Bill for this 
Piovince, desired further Time to consider the same which was 
graiitjd a^'cordingly. 



EosTOx Towx I?ECor.DS, ITGf). 185 

Voted, that tlio Sum of Five Thousand Pounds be rnis;d l>v a 
Tux upon Polls and Estates within ihis 'J'own for relief of the 
Poor, and defreying other necessary Chargrs ai'ising witliin the 
Town tlie ensuing Year 

Voted, tliat the Sum of" One hundi-ed Pounds l)e aHowed and 
paid unto ftP. Peleg Wiswall for his Sahiry as Master of die North 
(Jramniar School for the ensuing Year, the same to l)e paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at tlii' ex[)ira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Vot(Hl, that tiie Sum of One hundred and twenty Pounds be 
allowed and i)aid unto JNP. John Lovel for his Salai-y as IMaster of 
the South Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
paid him quarteily as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M'. Samuel Ilolyoke for his Salary as Master of the Writing School 
[712. ] In Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, tluit the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto jNP. John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Y^ear, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M^ Abiah Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it sliall become due, and to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and ])aid 
unto M''. John Tilestou for his Salai'y as IMaster of the North Writ- 
ing School for the ensuing Y'ear the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it sIimH l)ecome due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds, be allowed and paid unto 
M^ James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Gi'annnar 
School for the ensuing Y^ear, the same to he paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due. and to commence at the expiration of the 
last (Quarter 

Voted, that the furtlier Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto I\P. James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain 
and exeit himself in the sei'vice of the Town tiic ensuing Year the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
menco at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Vot(>d, that the Sum of Sixty I'ounds be allowed and paid 
[713.] Unto M^ Josiah Langilon for his Salary as Usher of the 
IS'orth (irammar School the ensuing Y'ear the same to l)e paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of I he last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M"". James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the North Writing 
School the ensuing Y''ear, the same to be paid him quai terly as it 



186 City Document Xo. 88. 

sluill become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Qu:ir!er 

Voted, tliat the Sum of Forty Pounds he allowed and paid unto 
M"'. Abiah Ilolbrook Master of the Writing Scho!)l in the Common, 
— for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due and to commence at tlie 
t'Xpirntion of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M"". David Jeffries for his 
Services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 
Expence in that Oflice 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer l)e and he hereby is directed 
and impower'd to allow the several Schoolmasters InteresL on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Time 
of payment 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration and Report 
at this Meeting " what they shall apprehend may be further neces- 
sary for tiie Town to do in order to testify their Gratitude to tliose 
Patriots on the other side of the Water to whose endeavours it is 
owing that the Liberties of America are secured and Love & IL\r- 
niouy between his Mnjestys Subjects in Great Britain and the 
Colonies is perpetuated. by the happy Repeal of the Stamp Act " 
Reported accordingly, and upon a motion made by said Committee 
for leave to withdraw their Report — [714.] Leave was granted 

for that purpose 

Voted, that James Otis Esq. the Moderator 
Richard Dana Esq. 
Samuel Wells Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be added to the above Committee wlio are desired to make Report 
at the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the 2*^. 
Day of July next 10. O'Clock A : M : 

Wednesday the 2^ Day of July Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to act upon the List of Jurors 

Voted, that all INIatters & Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General Town 
Meeting to be then considered and acted upon 

Voted unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to the Hon'''''. James Otis P^sq. t!ie Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then tlic Meetiuo; was dissolved. 



[715.] At a INIeeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
INIeeting AssemMed at Faneuil llaW on Wednesday the b"\ Day of 
October Anno Domini 1 70(5 

Warrant for calling the Meeting . - - . read 



Boston Town Records, 17G6. J 87 

The Tnhabittmts withdrew and brought in their Votes foi- a 
Moderator of this Meeting, and upon sorting them it a|)i)eanl tluit 
llie Hon'''". James Otis Esq. was chosen by a great majority 

Upon a JMotion made and seconded the Ib'Iowiiig Vote was 
passed unanimously 

Whereas His Excellency the Governor has been pleased lately 
to Convene before him in Council Stephen (Jreanleaff Esq. .Sheriir 
of the County of Sul'bdk William Shealf Esq. Dei)uty Collector, 
and Benjamin Hallowell P^sq. Comptroller of His IMajcstys Cus- 
toms for the Port of Boston, ;uid sundry other Eersous Inhabittints 
of this Town, and to Administer Oalhs to the same Persons, and 
to take tlieir Depositions in Writing relating to the proceechngs of 
those Ollicers, and the behavior of a number of People, while those 
Oliicers were in search of Counterband Goods [)retended to be in 
the DweUing House of Cap'. Daniel Malcomb of this Town, which 
same Depositions it is said contain Opinions Representations and 
Assertions which taken by themselves and unaccompanied with a 
full and true Representation of that Affair may be construed in 
such a manner as greatly to effect and prejudice the Trade Com- 
merce and Reputation of this Metropolis and of the Province in 
general — And whereas it has been suggested that the same Testi- 
mony, contrar}' to the advice of his Majestys Council, are about 
to be transmitted home, although not sulfered to be Recorded, but 
kei)t from [)ublic view 

Voted, that the Hon'''«. James Otis Esq. 

Joseph .Jackson Esq. 

[71G.] John Hancock Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
M'. Timothy Newell 
John Rowe Esq. 
]\r. Samuel Adams 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
bo a Committee to wait upon his Excellency the Governor in behalf 
of the Town, and to desire he would be pleased to give the Secre- 
tary Orders to furnish the Town Clerk with Copies of all the 
Depositions relating to the Information given to the Custom house 
Ollicers, and the proceedings therein, that so the Town having 
Knowledge of their Accusers, and of the nature and design of 
the Testimonys taken, may have it in their power to rectify mis- 
takes, and counterwork the designs of any who would represent 
them in a disadvantageous Light to his Majestys Ministers 

The Town then took into Consideration the Clause in tlie War- 
rant Viz' — ''To determine whether they will give their Repre- 
sentatives Instructions relative to a Reimbursement being made 
those Gentlemen who suffered by the violences of Persons unknown 
in the Month of August 1765" — when the following Vote 
passed unanimously 

Whereas the Inhabitants of this Town have ever held the 
violent outrages of Persons unknown in the late Times of distress 
in the utmost detestation and abhorence, and from a sense of duty 
as well as .lust indignation at the ravages committed on the 
pi'operties of diverse of their EelL'W Subjects and Citizens on the 



188 City Documext Xo. 88. 

2 V' of Aufjnnt 17G5. took the cnrliost opportunity to exert their 
strenuous endeavors, in aid of the civil authority to lestore peace 
order and ti anqnility ; which were accordingly in one day restoi'ed 
!ind have been ever since preserved. And wherens his Majesty 
has been pleased ovly to recommend it to the General Assembly of 
tliis Province to make up the losses of the Sufferers in the late 
unhappy Times, although his Excellency tlie Governor has thought 
fit to interprit the same as a Reqiiisi'ion so peremptory & anthori- 
tioe as to preclude not ouly all controversy & debate, but even 
deliberation with regard to a compliance. 

[717.] From no regard to said interpretation^ but in dutiful 
respect to the mild recommendation of our most gracious Sover- 
eign, in humanity and generosity towards those Gentlemen who 
have suffered in a manner that no man ought, especially in a state 
of civil society 

Voted, that on application of such Sufferers to the General 
Assembly in a Parliamentary way, the Eepresentatives of this 
Town be directed, and they are accordingly directed in their best 
discretion to use their influence, that such losses be made up 
as far as may be, in a manner the most loyal and respectful with 
regard to his Majesty, the most constitutional and safe with regard 
to our invaluable rights & privileges aud the most humtine and 
benevolent with regaid to the Sufferers 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Met according to Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed in the Forenoon to wait upon his 
Excellency Reported, that they had accordingly waited upon his 
Excellency, and presented him with a copy of the vote of the 
Town — Whereupon his Excell^ was pleased to say, that by order 
of Council the Depositions mentioned were to be kept secret; 
but that he should take advice of Council, and if they should 
advise him he had in himself no difKculty, as to complying with 
the request of the Town 

After which the Town Clerk having received the following Vote 
of Council, together with the Copys of said Depositions, laid the 
same before the Town — The Vote of Council is as follows, Viz'. 

In Council OctoI)er 8 176(i. 

A Committee of the Town of Boston having laid before his Ex- 
cellency in Council the Copy of a Vote of the said Town passed 
this Day in Town Meeting desiring Copies of certain Depositions 
taken in Council relative to the proceedings of the Sheriff of the 
County of Suffolk, The Deputy Collector of the Customs, and the 
Comptroller for the Port of Boston, and the behavior [718.] Of 
a number of People while those OtHcers were in searcli of Coun- 
terband Goods ; His Excellency thereupon took the advice of 
Council, who advised that the Secretary have leave to give out the 
Copies aforesaid But in as much as it is suggested in the said 
Vote that the said Testiraonys contrary to the advice of his Maj- 
estys Council are about to be transmitted home, although not Suf- 
fered to be Pecorded, but kept from public view — Advised and 
Ordered that the Secretary acquaint the said Committee that the 
Coi.ncil have never given an}' tidvise either for or against the 



Boston Town Records, ITGH. 189 

said Testimonies bcini; transmitted, and that no Copies have as 
yet been taken out of llie Olliee 

A true Copy from the Council Minutes 

Att. John Cotton 1). Secretary 

The above Vote or order of Council together with the Deposi- 
tions being read, the Town came into the following Vote 

Voted, that the lion'*''' James Otis Esq. 

]\F. Samuel Adams 
John Rovve. Esq. 
John Hancock. Esq. 
M"'. Edward Payne 
]M^ Edwaid (iuincy Tertius 
Joshua llenshaw Esq. 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to take these Dep- 
ositions into consideration ; to procure such Evidences as ma}' be 
further necessary to set this matter in its true light, and Report 
the same at the Adjournment of this Meeting, together with their 
Opinion what may be further necessary to be done by the Town 
in order to i)reveut the ill consequonces that may arise by means 
of a partial representation 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the above 
Votes be published in the public Prints 

The Petition of Enoch Brown "that a small peice of Land on 
the North side of Boston Neck may be Leased to him lor a terra 
of Years" [719.] Was read — whereupon Voted, that the Select- 
men be and hereby are appointed a Committee to treat with 
him and to Lease said Peice of Land for a term of Time not ex- 
ceeding Seven Years 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants, " that some method 
may be come into to repair and secure the main Street leading to 
the Fortification, which has been much damaged by the Inroads of 
the Sea" was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to call upon the Pro- 
prietors of Land near the Fortification to fulfill the Conditions upon 
wiiich those Lands were granted them 

A motion was made and seconded that the Selectmen be desir'd 
as soon as the above Proprietors have done their part of the Re- 
pairs, to coinplcat the remainder, and the Question was accordingly 
put — but the Town apprehending that those Repairs lay wholly 
with those Proprietors it passed in the negative 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " that the Clock at 
Christ Churcli, might be Repair'd and kept so at the public Cliarge, 
for the conveniency of that part of the Town" was read, and alter 
Debate had thereon — Voted, that the Prayer of the Petition be 
granted 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " To consider what is further 
necessary to be done for the preservation of the Towns interest 
near the North Battery," was read and consiilered, whereui)on 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to take immediate care that 
the same be repaired ami secured for the benefit of the Town 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesdav the 22''. 
Instant 10. O'Clock A : M': 



190 City Document No. 88. 

W>-dncsclay October 22^. Met aceordiDg to Adjournment 

[73^.] The Committee appointed to consider the Depositions 
said to be taken in Council relative to Cap'. iNlalcoms affair, and to 
take such Evidences as were necessary to set that matter in its true 
light, laid the several Testimonys taken, before the Town, which 
were distinctly read — they also Reported the Draft of a Letter to 
be sent to such Gentlemen in London as they might Judge proper, 
which Draft being read and considered — Voted, that the same be 
accepted 

It was then moved and Voted, that the Report be Recommitted 
and the Committee desired to make an addition to their Draft in 
order to represent the suddenness of the Mob rising in the Night 
of the 2G"\ of August 1765, and tiie exertions immediately made 
by some of the Inhabitants, to suppress or quiet those People — As 
also the method not long since taken to misrepresent not only par- 
ticular Gentlemen, out even the whole Trading Interest by transmit- 
ing home Affidavits taken relative to a Couuterband trade in so 
private a manner, that the first notice thereof, was given us by our 
friends in England — And that the Town will Reimburse any Charge 
that may rise in tlie course of conducting our defence if there 
should be occasion — It was further Voted, that when the above 
additions are made the Committee are desired to forward fair Copys 
of said Letter and Depositions to Dennis Deberdt Esq. Merch'. 
in London, and Agent for our House of Representatives to midie 
such use of the same as he may Judge proper and expedient 

A Motion was made and seconded that the above Committee 
might also be desired to insert in their Letter some thing relative 
to what was mentioned and asserted by several Gentlemen, that 
the Affidavits relative to Cap'. Malcom were not properly taken in 
Council or to be sent home with consent of Council notwithstanding 
the Attestations thereto — but upon one of the Representatives 
rising up and declaring that as soon as the General Court met, he 
would make a Motion in the House of Representatives for a Par- 
liamentary enquiry into the conduct of the Council in this and sim- 
ilar Occasions ; the Person who made this JMotiou, desired that it 
might be withdrawn, which was accordingly granted 

[721.] It was moved and seconded and the Question accordingly 
put — Whether the Town will Reconsider their Vote passed at a 
late Meeting, relative to M"". Enoch Browns Lease of Land on 
Boston Neck, when it passed in the negative 

It was moved and seconded that the Town Treasurer have leave 
to pass his negotiable Notes to the Tradesmen concerned in the 
Repairs of Falaeuil Hall agreal)leto the tenor of a former Vote and 
in which the terms of payment are to be ascertained — the Question 
being accordingly put — Passed in the afferraative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — Voted, that the Selectmen 
have leave to issue the Affair of Hews Lilly & Company, respecting 
Laud formerly improved by JNP. Fraiy, and the Buildings lately 
Erected thereon, as they may Judge most for the Interest of the 
Town 

Voted, that all blatters & Things that remain unfinished at this 
Meeting, be aii(1herel)y are referred over to the next General Town 
Meeting to be then considex'ed & acted upon 



Boston Town Records, 1766. 191 

Voted, that the Thanks ot the Town be and hereby are given to 
the llonble James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business tiiereof 

Then the Meetinsc was dissolved. 



The following Letter was wrote Dennis Deberdt Esq. by order 
of tlie Town 

Sir 

The Freeholders & other 
Inhabitants [732.] Of the Town of Boston being legally assem- 
bled in Fancnd Hall have appointed as a committee to address yon 
on their behalf and to beg your friendly assistance as you shall 
Judge necessary in an affair in which they apprehend their rei)uta- 
tion and interest may be greatly concerned 

Before we proceed to the particular matter which is the occasion 
of our writing we beg leave to observe, that u[)on the hai)i)y repeal 
of the late ."Stamp Act, we were informed that our adversarys had 
even [)redicted that America would receive the news in a manner 
liaught}' and disrespectful to his Majesty and the Parliament — 
And we have seen with astonishment and indignation in the protest 
of some of the Lords against the repeal, that one reason of their 
Lordships protest was, that the}' had been made acquainted that it 
was the design of the Americans to bring the authority of Parlia- 
ment for the future into contempt. We have reason to believe that 
the decency which was observed l)y persons of every rank in all 
the Collonies in their public rejoicings upon that memorable occasion 
has convinced the sensible and impartial part of the Nation that 
such apprehensions and ])redictions were without Just grounds, and 
we Hatter ourselves that their lordships may by this time have reason 
to conclude that their information from this side the water was at 
least sudden and injudicious, and perhaps the effect of a deep rooted 
])rejudice against the colonies, a strong desire to have the act in- 
forced, and a determination at all hazards, to prevent its repeal: 
The truth is the Colonies who universally pride themselves in being 
briiish subjects, and have the warmest sense of the blessiugs of the 
britisli constitution, for ever consider the act as a violation of that 
happy constitution, and they have the satisfaction of being in- 
formed that this opinion was supported by a number of the most 
illustrious as well as respectable of both houses of parliament — 
In this view of the nature of the act the colonys first petitioned 
against it even when it was a bill, but without success, and after- 
wards came into resolution to transmit to posterity their sense of it 
with assurance that if it w^as finally put into execution it would not 
be with their consent. The people universally opposed the act but 
at the same time discovered the most zealous atttichmcut to his 
Majestys person and government, & the strongest affection to their 
fellow subjects the people of Great Britain — This we know some 
of our [7ti3.] Enemys have endeavoured to represent as a para- 
dox, and from an uneasiness or if they please an oi)positio!i to a 
single act upon apprehension of its being unconstitutional tli;n' 



192 City Document No. S8. 

woukl infer a settled design to bring the whole authority of parlia- 
ment into contempt as if it could not possibly he Su[)posed of an 
affectionate and dutiful son whose reverence for his fathers authority 
could never be impeached that yet iu a single instance might see 
the unreasonableness of his fathers command and with the deei)est 
regret be even ready to refuse obedience. An opposition to an act 
of parUameut merely from a regard to the constitution cannot sure'y 
be look'd upon as a contempt of the authority of government since 
government it self is built upon & circumscribed by the constitu- 
tion — or in other words to contend for the grand design and ends 
for which government was originally design'd and instituted is the 
best if not the only way to support its authority. The colony s 
were discontented at the act because they thought it over lap'd the 
bounds of the constitution — that it defeated one of the essential 
designs of government iu the security of property — if they were 
in an erior it was an error of their Judgement only of whicla how- 
ever they have never yet been convinced — to insinuate that the 
opposition to the act was mere pretence and that the design to the 
colonys was to weaken the Just authority of parliament and by de- 
grees to shake otf a constitutional dependence is insupportable by 
a single fact or the least shadow of reason it is base ungenerous 
& uujust 

This Town has always been very careful during the late times of 
calamity to preserve as much as possible good order among its 
inhabitants, of which they gave an early proof when a dangerous 
mob arose and some outrages were committed by persons ns yet 
unknown a good deal of mischief has been as all the world knows 
have been told, however after all the exaggerations the whole dam- 
age is short of £4000 — but it will appear the less surprizing 
that so much was done when it is considered that the mob was 
sudden and unexpected and appear'd so furious as to occasion a 
general consternation, & besides it being in the night it was not 
easy to distinguish between them and the innocent people. — Yet 
the inhabitants were far from being inactive in their endeavors to 
suppiess immediatel3^ they made diverse attempts and took every 
step that could be thought of amidst the confusion. A number 
went to the governors house to take his oxcellencys orders but he 
[7^4.] Was not in town — from whence one would conclude that 
he was no more apprehensive of such a tumult from auy appearances 
than others were. If there had been auy reason to suspect it we 
presume his Excell^'S care for the peace and order of the govern- 
ment would have procured the first intelligence, and that he would 
liave thoiigiit it his duty to have been present or at least that he 
would have taken the necessary precautions and given orders to 
have prevented it — but the Inhabitants were left to do the best 
they could, and there is no duubt but much more mischief would 
have been done if they had not made use of art and perswasion 
when they fortunately wanted the countenance of his Excellencys 
authority As a town thc}^ expressed their detestation of such pro- 
ceedings early the next day, and assured the civil majestrate that 
they were ready to assist to their utmost in restoring the peace of 
the town as you will see b}' the inclosed vote, and we may venture 



Boston Town flECORDS, 17G6. 193 

to ussui-c yon that the efforts of persons of every order & condition 
in town in consequence of this resohition was tlie princiiial means 
of supi)rcssing the mob which was done in one day Yet wo havo 
been iiniiratefull}' & i)iiblickly charged with being tame spectators 
of this outrage and have been told that our reputation suffeis mucli 
in the o[)iuion of tlie world on this account — lint whatever rei)re- 
sentatiou may have been made to our prejudice, which we think we 
have some good reason to suspect, our most inveturate enemy dare 
not openly assert that the civil authority in this county & even thru' 
the province has not as good reason to be assured of the assistance 
of the people in the legal exccrcise of power as in any country in 
England. 

This leads us to give you an account of some late oecurrances in 
this town whichis the particular occasion of our troubling you witli 
liis letter A lew weeks past the collector and comptroller of his 
JNIajestys custom for this port having as Ihoy said an informaiiou 
that goods illegally imported were lodged in the custody of one 
]M^ Mat ;omb an inhabitant of the town they accordingly repaired to 
liis house accompanied with the Sheriff of the county & there dc- 
manded an entry into his cellars M^ Malcomb admitted them into 
every Appartmcnt saving one which being let he told them the key 
was not in his jxjsession ['j;<io.J They threatued to enter by force 
vvhicli Ar. Malcomlt told them they nmst do at their peril — how- 
ever not having sufficient authority as they ap[)rehended, they then 
retired, M"". IMalcomb su])posing they would return, determined 
to fasten liis house that if they entrcd it should be forceably, being 
assured from the declaration of the person who hired the aforesaid 
cellar & his own knowledge of the other appaitment that no 
counteiband goods were there. — The office is returned in the aftci- 
noou & after some attempt tho' wiihoufc violence to get an entry 
they again retired and came no more. 

His Excellency our governor htis been pleased to sunnnon the 
officers and sheriff before mentioned, and some of the persons to 
give their depositions respecting this matter — The town tliinking 
it unreasonable tV; a grievance that evidences should be taken ex- 
porte touching the coniluct of any of their inhal)itants at their 
meeting appointed a committee to wait on the governor and 
pray his Excellency to give orders to the secretary to comu)unicale 
to the town clerk copys of the depositions which was tifierwards 
done. Uix>ii a perusal of thera the town apprehended tliat they 
contained a partial account of the behavior of the people who from 
mere curiosity had got together, that they tended to corroborate 
the designs of our enemies and might be made the groun's (^f 
further misrepresentations, and therefore directed their committee 
to take the depositions of <;ther persons of credit who were i)resent, 
copys of wiiich together with tljose taken before the governor in 
conucil are inclosed. 

It is apprehended that it is his excellencys design to transmit 
his account of this matter to the ministiy, and therefore the town beg 
the favor of you to make enquiry whether he has so done and in 
case he has that you would cause to be laid before the Ministry the 
whole slate of the matter — "We have the more reason to apprehend 



194 City Docibient No. 88. 

that this step will be taken as things of this sort liavo been lieroto- 
Jore done : There is a set of men in America who are continually 
transmitting to the mother countrj' odious and false accouuts of the 
coUonys ; which is a crime of the most dangerous tendency. It is 
probable it has already had its ill effect in exciting a groundless 
Jealousy in the Nation, one may if not checked [7^(5.] Too soon 
prove fatal to both countrys. It is not long since the clcpositions 
of a number of persons were clandestinely & illegally taken indirect 
terms, prejudicing the characters of some gentlemen of fortune and 
reputation in this town, and representing the merchants of the prov- 
ince in general as setting up in opposition to the acts of parliament 
for the regulation of trade, than which nothing can be more noto- 
riously false and injurious. One of their Deponents was a person 
of the most infamous character whose name is Richardson. This 
fellow has for a long time subsisted by the business of an informer 
& is Said to be such a one as was never encouraged under any ad- 
ministration but such as those Nero or Caligula — that the evidence 
of this detestible person might have its weight they gave him the 
addition of Esq. — We say those depositions* were clandestine be- 
cause they were taken exporte — the person injuied by them were 
never notified as law & common equity requires, and the first notice 
they had of them was fi'om their friends onyourside the water, after 
they had made the impression that was intended. If such manage- 
ments as these are allowed, what man or what corporation is secure 
from proscriptions. We must confess that the whole atfair in all its 
circumstances will appear too trifling to claim the attention of the 
governor or the town, but the hopes of defeating the designs of their 
enemy s, and an earnest desire to stand fair in the mind of their 
Sovereign and his ministry as well as their friends & all good men at 
home especially at this Juncture : they hope will excuse their giving 
you this trouble — I am 
Sir 

Your most humble servant 

James Otis 
P : S: The Town have passed P Order of the Committee 

a Vote to reiraburst any 
charge in your conducting 
this Affair 

[l;^'!.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhalntanfs 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Mall on Monday the V. Day of 
December Anno Domini 17(56. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read 

The Inhabitants withdrew and brought in their Votes for a 
^Moderator of this Meeting and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. was chosen by a great ma- 
jority 

That Clause in the Warrant. Viz*. — "That the Sense of the 
" Inhabitants n)ay be taken respecting a Bill now pending in the 
"House of Representatives, entitled. An Ad for granting vompen- 
'' s'ltion t'> the Snffrers and of free mid genercd jiordon ^ Indemnitfj 
" and Oblivion to the Offenders in the late Times" was read, and the 



Boston Towx Rkcords, 17()G. 105 

Bill laid before the Town for its consideration ; and the Town 
apprehending said Bill to be agreublc to his Majestys gracious 
lii'tomiaen'kition — Voted, that the llepiesenlativei* be and tiiey 
hereb}' are Instructed to use their Endeavors to the passing of said 
Bill into a Law for the several purposes therein mentioned 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — M"". Samuel Adams, 
Jolin Howe and John Hancock Esqrs. were tippointed a Coraiuittee 
to consider of an Address to Cap'. Lewis Gideon Esq. and having 
Reported the following Vote was come into 

Whereas John Lewis Gideon Esq Commander of His Majestys 
Ship Jamaica, has upon all occasions during bis station here, for 
about three Years past, discovered a readiness to do every thing 
in his power for promoting the Interest of the Province, and of his 
Town in particular, and by his behavior and good services has 
given great satisfaction to the Town, 

Voted, unanimously that tlie Tiianks of the Town bo and 
[728.] hereby are given to the said John Lewis Gideon Esq. for 
his afores*^. services during his Station here, and tlie Honourable 
James Otis Esq. John Rowe Esq. John Hancock Esq. M^ Samuel 
Adams Esq. Thomas Gushing Esq. are desired to wait upon him 
and in the Name of the Town present him w^ith their Thanks, and 
express tlieir good Wishes for his safe Voyage and Prosjxjrit}'. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 8"". Instant 
9 O'clock A : M : 

Monday December 8"^. 9 O'Clock A: M: Met according to 
Adjournment. 

The Committee appointed to i)rcsent John Lewis Gideon Esq. 
^he Compliments of the Town Reported his answer 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants ''That the Street near 
the Old Salutation Ferry may be widened " was read and considered 
— whereupon — Voted, that this Petition be referred to the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen, for them to act thereon as ihey may thuik 
pi oper 

The Moderator having received a Letter from a number of the 
IVIerchants of New York respecting tlie i)resent Incumbrances on 
Trade by means of some late Acts of Parliament and other Regula- 
tions, did agreable to tlieir desire lay the same before the Town, 
which was read to the Inhabitants by the Town Clerk 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and heroliy are given to 
the Hon'''''. James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the business thereof — 

Then the meeting was dissolved. 



[739.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and others Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in ptiblic 
Town Meeting at Faneuil Hall on Wednesday the 7"'. of January 
Anno Domini 17GG. 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 

The Inhabitants withdrew and broiight in their ^'otes for a 
Moderator of this Meeting, and upon sorliug thein it appeared that 
the Honourable James Otis, Esq. was chosen 



196 City Document No. 88. 

The Petition of Mess". Ephraim & El)enezer Perry setting forth 
That they are desirous of purchasing or otherwise of hireing a peice 
of the Town Land Just without the FortiOcation Gates on the 
South Eastern side of the Neck, uutill it conies to the Land Leased 
to RP. Sutton Byles, together with the Flatts so far as low Water 
Mark — also proposing to Erect a Dwelling House, Wharff and 
other Buildings upon said Land, provided it be Leased to them for 
a number of Years, on such terms and securitjs as may be agreed 
upon — was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that Thomas Daws Esq. 
M--. Ezekiel Price 
M'". Jonathan Amory 
John Hancock Esq. 
M^ John Ballard 
John Rowe Esq. 
"William Phillips Esq. 
be and hereby are ai^pointed a Committee to take the Petition 
under consideration and Report as soon as may be what they Judge 
will be for the Interest of the Town in this Matter 

That Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) " Whether the Town will 
appoint a Committee to treat with a Committee of the General 
Court, relative to the [730.] Disposal of the Towns Interest in the 
Court House," was read and considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a 
Committee for the purpose mentioned in said Clause 

That Clause in the Warrant Viz'. "• Whether the Town will be at 
the Expeuce of purchasing a new Clock Ibr the Old Brick Church, 
tlie present being represented as not worth reparing " - 
•was read and debate had thereon whereupon — Voted, th;it the 
Selectmen be and herel>y are appointed a Conmiittee to send to 
England for a Clock at the Expence of the Town 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " What shall be the Tenor 
of the Votes, Voted by the Town at their late Meeting to be given 
by the Treasurer to the Tradesmen who repaired Faneuil Hall for 
the balance of their Accounts " was read and considered — where- 
upon 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is impowerd and 
directed to give said Tradesmen negotiable Notes of the common 
Tenor, payable on demand, with lawful Interest uutill paid 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the rest of 
Faneuil Hall Tradesmens Accounts be drawn for so soon as liqui- 
dated 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 

End of Fourth Book of Town Records. 



Boston Town Records, 1767. 197 



[VOL. V. OF THE ORIGINAL BOOKS.] 

[1.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of tlie Town of Boston legally qualified and warned iu Public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the ninth 
Day of March Anno Domini 17G7. 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. M^ Mather. 
Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 
Sundry Laws eujoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ingly read. 

The Hon"''^ James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying; and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New Ham[)shire 

and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Province 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oath resi)ecting the receiving and paying 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of Ollice 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were Adminis- 
tred to liim by his Honor Foster Hutchinson Esq. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appear'd that 
ColP. Joseph Jacksoa 
Samuel Sevvall Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
William Phillips Esq. 
M^ Timothy Newell 
John Rowe Esq. 

were chose Selectmen for the Ye:ir ensuing 

[2 . ] The Town brought iu their Votes for twelve Overseers 
of the Poor and upon sorting them it ai)i)eared that 

The lion'''". James Pitis Esq. excused 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. d'\ 

Isaac Smith Esq. d°. 

M^ William Whitwell Sworn 

M"". Jonathan Mason excused 

M'. Henderson Inches d". 

M'. Ebenezer Storcr d°. 

M'. William Greanleaff Sworn 

William White Esq, d". 

M^ Edward Payne excused 

M^ Joseph Waldo Sworn 

Benjamin Austin Esq. excused 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing — — 



198 City Document No. 88. 

Isafvc Smith Esq. Melatiah Bonni Esq. and M'. Henderson 
Inches having excnscd themselves from serving as Overseers of 

thf Poor the Year ensuing 

Voted unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
axe given to the above named Gentlemen for their faithful services 

as Overseers of the Poor a number of Years past 

The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer which 
were sealed up and delivered to 'M'. Constable Barbour to be re- 
turned to the Court of Sessions 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve AVardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Joseph Scott Esq. 
Cap'. John Bradford 
W. Ephraim May 
[3.] M^ Nathan Spear 

M'. Nathaniel Wales 
M-". Joseph Waldo 
M^ James Barrick (excused) 
M^ John Preston 
M^ Edward Grant 
M'. Joseph How 
M''. Samuel Torrey 
]\P. Dauiel Hubbard (excused) 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing — & all sworn 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was accord- 
ingly put — Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes, shall be 

chose sepperate — Passed in the Affermative 

Voted that the Sum of Eive Pounds be Remitted out of the Ten 
Pound Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office of 

Constables for the Year ensuing and shall decline serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into tliat Office, and also sworn are 
Mess". Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
Peter Barbour 
Edward Baker 
Hezekiah Usher 
Benjamin Clark 
Benjamin Adams 
Lindsey George Wallis 
William Rogers 
Daniel Berry 
John Gabriel 
Edward Brazier 
[4.] Voted that this Meeting be Adjourned to Three O'Clock 
P :' M : 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 
The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire-Wards, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Newman Grenough Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M'. William Cooper 



Boston Town Eecordr, 1767. 109 

M'. John Mico Wendell 
Coll". Thomas Marshall 
William Homes V,sq. 
M^ Joseph Tyler 
Jonath;in Wiiliains Esq. 
Cap'. Adino Paddock 
M''. James Richardson 
Cap'. William Dowue Cheevcr 
Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 
Jolm Hancock Esq. 
M'. Samuel Adams 
BP. Francis Shaw (excused) 
Cap'. Martin Gay 
were chose Fire-Wards for the Year ensuim;. 



The Town brought in their Votes for twelve Clerks of the Mar- 
ket, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
Mess". Joseph Webb 

Steven Cleverly 
John Lowell 
Ziphion Thayer 
John Sirakins 
James Bridgliam 
[5.] Nathaniel Halch 

Thomas Knight 
Joseph Edwards Jun'. 
William I>aker Jun^ 
Tliomas Chase 
Joshua Gardner 

were chose Clerks of the INIarket for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Timothy Newell 
Gershon Flogg 

were chose AVardens for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, and 
upon sorting them it appeared that M''. David Jeffries was chosen, 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, took the Oath of OfHcc 
for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were adminis- 
tred to him l)y 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants respecting the Monys 
due to the Town from the present and late Collectors of Taxes, 
was read, and debate had thereon, whereupon 
Voted, that, M\ Edward Payne 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M^ Ezekiel Price 
M^ Nicholas Boylstone 
M'. John Amory 
bo a Committee to enquire of the Province Comity and Town 
Treasurers what Moneys are due to them from the present and 
late Collectors of Taxes for this Town, to Report as soon as may 

be 

Voted, that the Consideration of Scliool IMasters Snlarys. and all 
other Salarys and Grants, be referred over to next ^lay Meet- 
ino- 



200 City Document No. 88. 

[6.] The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " that a Master 
may be chosen for the North Grammar School" was read, and 
debate had thereon, whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee on behalf of the 
Town to make choice of a Gentleman out of the Cantlidates that 
shall offer themselves, as they may most approve of as a Master 
for said School 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. " Whether the Town will take 
any Measures for the relief of M''. Peleg Wiswell, late Master of 
the North Grammar School who has resigned on account of his 
Age and great Infermities " was read and considered, where- 
upon, 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be and hereby is 
granted M''. Peleg Wiswell, for his support the ensuing year 

Adjourned to Monday next Ten OClock A : M : 

Monday March 16 10 °'Clock P : M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

Major James Cunningham 
was chosen a Fire-Ward for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appear'd that 

The Hon'''^. Royal Tyler Fsq. Sworn 

John Barrett Esq. d°. 

M^ Benjamin Dolbear d". 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. Excused 

M^ Henderson Inches d". 

were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question [7.] Was put 
— viz'. " Whether the Town will adhere to that Clause in their 
Instructions given their Representatives in May last, Viz'. "And 
for the total abolishing of Slavery among us that you move for a 
Law to prohibit the Importation and pui'chasing of Slaves for 
the future " which Question passed in the Affermative, Nem. 
Con. 

The Committee appointed on the Ninth Instant to enquire of 
the Province, County and Town Treasurers what Moneys are due 
to them from the present and late Collector of Taxes for this 
Town — Report 

That having carefully examined the Accounts received from the 
several Treasurers there appears to be due from the Collectors of 
Taxes after deducting £231)€ ,, 2 ,, 4^ for Abatements made 
them in the years 1763 — 1764 — 1765 — the following Sums — ■ 

Viz'. 

John Ruddock Esq. to the Town Treasurer for 

1763 £2n4,,18 ,, 8^ 

Balance of the Street Tax 115 ,, 19 ,, 3 



From which when paid is to be deducted his 
Premium beina: - - - - £126 ,, 7 ,, 3 — 



£380,, 17 „ Hi 



BosTOX ToAvx Recotjd?:, 1707 
M^ Samuel Adams to tlie rrovinco Tieasurer for 



1 7(J3 
To diito for 



£291 ., 
17G4 2009 ,, 



201 



17 „ 3 



To the Town Treasurer 17G4 £1G33 ,, 13 ,, 4^ 
Balance of the Street Tax 94 ,, 8 ,, 6 



£2301 „ 5 ,, 11 
1728,, 1 „ lOJ 



From which when paid is to he deducted his 
rremium for Collecting 17G2 — 17G3 — & 
17G4 — being £382 ,, 10 ,, 1^ 



£4029 ,, 7 ,, 9^ 



Jonathan Payson Esq. to 
the Province Treasurer 
for 17G5 - - - 

To Ditto - - 17GG - 



£740 ,, 19 ,, 8 
1034 ,, 5 ,, 10 



To the County Treasurer 17G5 £55 ,, 15 ,, 10 



To Ditto 



17G6 123 ,, 15 ,, 10 



£1775 ,, 5 
179 ,, 11 



„ 6 

„ 8 



[8.] Brought over 
To the Town Treasurer 17G4 
To Ditto - - 17G5 

To Ditto - - 1766 



From which when paid is to 
be deducted his Premiums 
for 1 7G4 — 1 765 — 1 7G6 — 

M^ Sampson Salter to the 
Province Treasurer 1765 

To Ditto ~ - 17G6 

To the County Treasurer 1766 
To the Town Treasurer 1766 



£27 
1140 
1174 


,, ,, 
,, 17 ,, 
., 14 „ 


£1954,, 17,, 2 
£1954 „ 17 „ 2 

3— 

234 ■'> 11 3 










£4297., 8 ., 5 



£898,, 11 ,, 3 
1186,, 19 ,, 3 



£2085 , 


,10,, 


6 


200 , 


• •, 


— 


966 , 


. 12 „ 


9 



£3253., 3 ,, 3 



From which when paid is to 

be deducted his Premiums 

for 1765 & 1766 — 
M^ Samuel Ruggles to the 

Province Treas'. 1765 £3G0 ,. 5 ,, 1 

To Ditto - . 17G6 1195., 12,, 8 



£1555 ,, 17 ,, 9 



202 City Document No. 88. 

To the County Treasurer 1765 £18,, 8 ,, 10 
To Ditto - - 1766 245,, — ,,— 



263 ,, 8 ,. 10 
To the Town Treasurer 1766 - - - 1202 ,, 11 ,, — 



£3021 „ 17 ,, 7 



From which when paid is to 

be deducted Iiis Premiums 

for 1765 & 1766 — 
M^ Edward HoUyday to the 

Province Treasurer 1765 £281 ,, 1 ,, 8 
To Ditto - - 1766 1165 ,, 12 ,, 7 

£1446,, 14 „ 3 

To the County Treasurer 1766 - - - 241 ,, 7 ,, 2 

To the Towa Treasurer 1706 - - - 1222 ,, 2 ,, 9 



£2910,, 4,, 2 

From which when paid is to 

be deducted his Premium 

for 1765 & 1766 — 

[9,] These several Sums due from the Collectors amount to 
to £17891 ,, 19 ,, 2 from which may be deducted the Sum of 
£9958 ,, 14 ,, 1 for what remains unpaid of the Tax for 1766, and 
there will then remain in the following Collectors hands a balnrr 
of £7933 ,, 5 ,, 1 which by Law ought to have been paid 



John Ruddock Esq - 


for the taxes in 


1763 - 


£380 ,, 17 ,, ii •. 


M"". Samuel Adams - 


- Ditto - - 


1764 - 


4029 „ 7 „ 9i 


Jonathan Payson Esq. 


- Ditto - - 


1765 - 


19.J4 ,, 12 ,, 6 


M^ Sampson Salter - 


- Ditto - - 


1765 - 


898 ,, 11 ,, 3 


JNT. Samuel Ruggles - 


- Ditto - - 


1765 - 


378 ,, 13 „ 11 


W. Edward Holly day 


- Ditto - - 


1765 - 


281 ,, 1 ,, 8 



£7933 „ 5 „ 0^ 

N 3, Mess". Salter Ruggles and HoUyday have made - - con- 
siderable Payments to the Town Treasurer on Accounts of the 
Tax for 1766 

Since the above Accounts were received there has been paid into 

the Town Treasurer 

By Edward HoUyday .... £12 „ 9 ,, 3 
By Jonathan Payson Esq. - - - 2 ,, ., 7 

The above Report having been read and Considered it was 
Voted that the same be accepted 

It was then moved and seconded that the Bonds given by John 
Ruddock Esq. a late Collector of Taxes to M^ David Jeffries 
Treasurer for the faithful discharge of his Duty &•=. might be put in 
Suit and the Question being accordingly put - - - Passed in 
the Affermative 

A Motion of the like nature with the nbove was made and sec- 
onded respecting the Bonds given by M'. Samuel Adams a late 



BosTOx Town Records, 1767. 



203 



Collector of Taxes, and the Question being put — AVhothor snid 
Bonds shall be put in Suit - - Passed in the Affirma- 
tive 

It was also moved and seconded, that the Bonds given by 
[10.] Jonathan Payson Esq. a late Collector of Taxes to iP. 
David Jeffries Treasurer for the faithful discharge of his Duty t^". 

might be likewise put in Suit — Passed in the Atferinative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Suits 

against the several Collectors be put off to July term 

It was also Voted that the Town Treasurer do not prosecute any 
of those Collectors Bonds untill the 20'''. of May next ensuing, 

unless any of their Bondsmen should desire it 

Vuted, that Foster Hutchinson Esq. 
M^ Edward Pavne 
:^P. Ezekiel Price 
be a Committee to take into Consideration what Premium isfuxll be 
allowed the Collectors of Taxes, and tin; terms upon which they 

shall be entitled to the same — to Kei)ort tiiis JNIeeting 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seveu Assessors, 
and upon sorting them it appear'd that 
AJ. William Fairlield 
M''. John Kneeland 
M'. Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
AP. William Torrey 
M^ Jonathan Broun 
M^ Daniel Pecker 
were chosen Assessors for the Year ensuing. 
Mess'^ William A'ichols 

Andrew Symms sworn 

[11.] Clement Collins Sworn 

Henry Alline d**. 

Isaac Vergoose d". 

John Grenough d'^. 

Jacob Thayer d''. 

Joseph Edmimds d". 

John Skillins d". 

John Sergeant d'. 

Richard Walker d". 

John Champney d'\ 

Samuel Turner d". 

were chose Surveyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year ensu' 
lug. 

M'. John Gray 
was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Mess". Samuel Dyer ... Sworn 
John Dyer 

Obediah Low d**. 

John Joy 

William Crafts d\ 

were chose-Feuce Viewers for the Year ensuing ■ ■■ 
Moss". Ebenczer MTntosh 



204 City Document No. 88. 

Samuel Bangs 

William Andrews (all sworn) 

John Shepherd 

William .Stevenson 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Nathaniel Gardner 
Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

[12.] Mess". 



Peter Cotta 


Sworn 


Manesseh Masters 


d°. 


Joseph Dyer 




John Harskins 




David Spear 




Nathan Spear 




Jonathan Jenkins 




Robert Breck Jun'. 




Job Wheelwright 




Joshua Pico 




Benjamin Salt 


- d^ 


Paul Baxter 




John Owen 


d». 


Thomas Knox 


d°. 


Samuel White 


d". 


Edward Co well 


d°. 


Edward Potter 




Peter Ellis 


d^ 


Timothy Pease 


d°. 


Nathaniel Waterman 


d°. 


Jacob Williams 


d°. 



two more 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". David Simans 
Thomas Curtis 
were chose Hogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M'. Edward Curtis - - . . (Sworn) 

was chosen Hayward for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen 
were chose Surveyers of High Ways for the Year ensuing. 
[13.] Coll". Joseph Jackson 

William Phillips Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful Directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, and 
Affixing the price thereof from Time to Time as occasion shall re- 
quire 

Cap'. Martin Gay 
M'. Jolin Skinner 

were chose Assay Masters for the Year ensuing 

John Tuder Esq. 

M^ John White 

were chose Surveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 



Boston Town Records, 17G7. 205 

Adjourned to 3 O 'Clock T : M : 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according fo Adjournmeut 



The Selectmen Reported on the Accom[)t of M^ Benjamin 
Fenuo Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt 
as entered in his Books (and on file in the Town Clei'ks Office) was 
read ; whereupon it was Voted, the same be acce\)ted and 
that M^ Fenuo be acconntalile to the Town for O'SO Bushels of 
Indian Meal, and If) Bushels of Rye Meal amounting to £i)08 ,, 
II ,, <S, and also for the sum of £215 ,, 9 ,, 7 f Cash now in his 
hands exclusive of y* Sum of £32 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and 
Assistance as charged in his Accompt which is hereby' allov\ed 
him 

Voted, thatM'. Thomas Cray 

Ezekiel Goldlhwait Esq. 
M^ Moses Gill 

[14.] M^ John Boylstonc 

Jonathan AVilliams Esq. 
be and they hereby are Appointed a Committee to Audit the 
Accorapts of M''. Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the 
Overseers of the Poor, and the said Committee are enjoin'd to in- 
spect ever}' particular Accompt of the Moneys Expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also im powered when they shall Au- 
dit said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall Advance 
Moneys for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums 
from the Time so Advanced, till they shall have Audited said 
Accompts 

A Motion was made and seconded to reconsider the Vote of the 
Forenoon for putting John Ruddock Esq. Bond in Suit where- 
upon 

Voted, that M"". Ruddocks Bond, be not put in Suit for the present, 
but referred for further Considei-atiou untill the General Town 
^Mooting in May next, when the Comu)ittee are desired to Report 
again thereon 

Voted that Faueuil Hall be Illuminated on "Wednesday the 18"'. 
of this Instant March in coinmeuioration of the Repeal of the Stamp 
Act, on said 18"'. Day of March 17GG and that the Selectmen be 
desired to make provision for drinking his Majestys Health &" 

Voted, that the Inhabitants be desired to give Order to their 
Servants not to enkindle Bouliies in the Streets &." as it is the deter- 
mination of the Town that all Offenders of this sort shall be prose- 
cuted 

The Committee Appointed in the Forenoon to Consider what 
Premium shall be allowed the Collectors of Taxes, and the Terms 
upon which they shall be intitled to the same — Reported, where- 

Ul)OU 

[15.] Voted, that the Vote passed on Monday last relating the 
Premium to be Allowed the Collectors of Taxes for the pieseut 
Year be reconsidered, and that the Sum of Nine Pence on the 
Pound be and hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose 
CoUecters of Taxes for the present Year, provided they pay into 
the several Treasuries t^he whole Sum committed to them to Collect 
on or before the second Monday in March 1709, and in case the 



206 City Document No. 88. 

bame Collectors shall pay in one half of the Sums of INIoncy com- 
mitted to them to Collect for the lu'csent Year by the 10"'. Day of 
July 1768, that then the Sum of twelve Pence on the Pound be 
Allowed and paid to such of the Collectors as shall pay in that 
pro\)ortion of the said Tax. And in case the wdiole of the said 
Tax shall not be paid in by the said second Monday in March 
17G9. then and in that case only the Sura of Three Pence on the 
Pound be allowed and paid unto snch Delinquent Collectors of the 
said Tax. Provided also that each of said Collectors give Bond 
with sullicient Sureties to the satisfuctiou of the Selectmeu for the 
faithful discharge of their Duty, and complying with this Vote. 
And that the Assesors be directed not to deliver the 15ooks contain- 
ing the Tax fov the Year 17G7 to the Collectors unless they have 
discharged & paid into the several Treasurers the Tax for the 
Y^ear 17G5 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are Impowered and 
directed to set for the Abatements of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the first Thursday iu 
April inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set 
the two last Weeks iu November for the Abatement of the Taxes 
of such Persons as had not an Opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of their being out of the l^rovnnce ; 
at which Time they are also allowed and impowered to abate the 
Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent between the 
said last Thursday in April and the last Day of November. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for the paving that 
part of Leaveret Street leading from M/. Salters House into Water 
[10.] Street, was read and considered, whereupon Voted that the 
Town be at One third the Expence of paving said Street, provided 
the whole Pavement is compleated to the satisfaction of the Select- 
men 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz') "Whether that part of Water 
Street running from Leaveret Street into Kilby Street shall be 
rei)aird and paved was read & considered, whereupon 

Voted, that this Matter be laft to the Gentlemen the Selectmen 
to do therein as they may think proper ■ 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
M^ Sampson Salter 
M\ Edward Holly day 
M"". Samuel Ruggles 
Nathaniel Coffin Esq. 
were chose into that Office ■ 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz') "And in what manner the 
Town will acknowledge the Recci[)t of Coll" Barres Picture " was 
read whex'eupon 

Voted that the Hon'''* James Otis Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
John Howe Esq. 
Ezckic! Goldthwait Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Re- 
ported at the Adjournment • 



Boston Town Kecords, 17G7. 207 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz') " To know the Mind of the 
Ii)!i;ibitants with respect to the late Hon''''" Tliomas Hancock Esq. 

[17. J Donation for a B'.'cUam " was real — wherenpon 

Voted, that The IIon''''= IJoyal Tvler Esq. 
Foster Ilutcliinson I'-sq. 
Nicliolas Boylston Esq. 
JoliH Ervinii Ksq. 
John Barrett Esq. 
Ezckiel Goldthwait P^Isq. 
he a Committee to tixke this Matter into Consideration and Report 

at the Adjournment 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to M^ Ebenozer Storer for his faithful Services as an 

Overseer of the Poor a number of Years past 

Adjourned to Monday the ^S** of this In.st. March 10. O'C'lock 
A : 31 : 

Met according to Adjournment '23^ March 10 O'CIock A : M : 
The Committee relative to a Bedlam Reported and had leave to 

Report again at the Meeting in iNIay next 

The Counnitlee relative to Coll'' IJarres Picture Reported and had 
the leave of the Town to Report again at the General Town Meet- 
in May next 

Mess". Caleb Champney 
Nathaniel Cobbet 
John Wells ------- Sworn 

Richard Bradford d". 

"Joshua Davis ------- d". 

James Bavley ------- d°. 

[18.] William Warland 

John Marty n ------- Sworn 

Isaac Bird d". 

Andrew Boardman 

John Crosby ------- d**. 

Benjamin Jepson ------ d°. 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to M^ Joseph Gardner, and M^ Jonatiian Mason for their faithful 

services as Overseers of the Poor a number of Years Past 

The Town brought in their Votes for Four Overseers of the Poor, 

and upon sorting them it appered that 

John Leverett Esq. 
John Gore Esc}. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

1 more 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the year ensuing. 

The Petition of M'. Abiah Ilolbrook' Master of the Writing 
School in the Common '• that he may hv further Considered for 
his extraordinary services by an Allowance to the Person who 
Acts as Usher under him, also with respect to his Faxes " was 
read — whereupon 



208 City Document No. 88. 

Votc-d, that ]\r. Samuel Adams 

Hou''''=. Royal Tyler Esq. 
M''. Thomas Gray 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn P2sq. 
be a Committee to Cousulor the same and Report at the General 
Town Meeting in May next 

[19.] It was moved that the Vote passed by the Town the 
Ninth Instant respecting a Schoolmaster for the North Grammar 
Scliool may be reconsidered, and the Question being accordingly 
put — Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the choice of a Master for the North Grammar 
School be referred to May Meeting, and that the same be made an 
Article in the Warrant for calling said Meeting 

The Town brought in tlieir Votes for one Overseer of the Poor 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

was chosen an Overseer of the Poor for the Year ensuing 

INIess". Samuel iJernard 
John Newell 
were chose CuUei's of Staves for the Year ensuing. 

The Committee ap|)ointed to take into Consideration the Peti- 
tion of Ephraim and Ebenczer Perry — Reported, That having 
considered the same and view'd the Land mentioned in said Peti- 
tion, are of Opinion ; that the Town Lease to said Ephraim and 
Ebenezer for the term of Ninety nine Years, a peice of Land 
Just without the Fortification Gates on the South P]ast side of the 
Neck Throe hundred Feet in the Front on said Neck from the 
North East side of the Towns Lands leased to Sutton Byles, and 
three hundred feet in the Rear, the Depth to run on a Parrallel 
Line from the Land Leased to said Byles to the Point of the 
Bastian of said Fortification — They the said Ephraim and Eben- 
ezer to pay as Rent therefor One Pound Sterling p Annum — The 
Committee further Report that the Lessees be obliged to Erect a 
Dam or Whartf from the Land Leased to said Byles to the Point 
of said Bastian sufficient to keep out the Sea or Salt Water ; and 
that the Lessees he ol)liged to keep that part of said Dam or Wharfl[ 
which includes tlie Rear of their Land in good Repair during their 
Lease — Also that the [30.] Outside work of One Dwelling House 
two Story high, — also the Wharff or Dam aforesaid be ])uilt and 
finished within two Years from the <late of the Lease — And that 
the Lessees be obliged to keep the front Wall before said Land in 
good rei)air. The Committee are also of Opinion that the Co-^t of 
the Timber which shall be used in Erecting the Wharff or Dam 
which extends from the Northeast Corner of said Leased Land to 
the Point of said Bastian be paid by the Town. And leave the 
whole Premisses in tenantahle reptiir at the expiration of the 
Lease 

The above Rej'Oit having been Considered — the Question was put 
Whether the same be accepted — Passed in the Afferraitive 

Voted that Thomas Daws Esq. 
John Hill Esq. 



Boston Town Records, 17G7. 209 

M^ Ezekiel Pi ice 
M^ Hubert Picrpoiiit 
IM"', John Ballard 
be a Cominittt'O to view tbe Lands belonging to the Town on i*ach 
side of the Neck and if necessary cause a survey thereof to be 
taken and consider of the best inetlunl for the Town to take iu 
regard to said Lauds, and to iJeport to the iSelectnieu sometime 
I)efore the next I\hiy Meeting, that so the same may be inserted in 
the Warrant for calling said Meeting. 

Th:it Article in the'' Warrant (Viz'.) "Whether the Town will 
extend M^ Enoch Browns Lease of a small Peice of Land on Bos- 
ton Neck, beyoml the Time iimitted in a late Vote " was read, and 
after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the further consideration thereof be referred to the 
General Town Meeting iu May next 

On a Motion made and seconded — Voted, that the Selectmea 
be a Committee to request of M"". John Lovel Master of the South 
Grammar School, that he would take under his tuition, those 
Scholars of the North Grammar School who may be sent to his 
Sciiool by their Parents, untill a M;i&ter is provided for saitl 
School 

[31.] The Petition of M^ David Jeffries, " that he may be 
allowed for a peice of Land laid into the pul)lie Street, but 
omitted iu the admeasuresnent and Plan of Lands becoming >a- 

caut by Fire 17(30, was read, whereupon Voted that 

Tiiomas D;iws Esq. 
Onesip\ Tileston Esq. 
Cap'. Benjaiuin Andrews 
be a Committee to View said Lands and Report their Opinion of 
the value thereof next May Meeting 

That Article in the Warr'. Viz'. " To consider what is proper to 
be done with the Pavement near the Fortification " was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to order the necessary 
Repairs ou the part of the Town, so soon as the Proprietors of 
the Land abutting have fuKiUed their Obligation respecting the 
same 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that 
M"^. Rol)ert Pierpoint 
M'. P^phraim Mav 
M\ William Blake 
be a Committee to ol)S(rve and prosecule such Persons as may 
take Stones from the Town \\ all on the Neck. 

Six Petit Jurors were chose for April Court and their Names 
returned by one of the Constables 

Voted, that all ^Litters and Things which remain unfinished .it 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in jNIa}' next, to be then considered of and acted 
upon 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereiiy 
are given to the lion'"". James Otis Escj. the IMoilerator of this 
Meeting, for dispatching the Business thereof 



210 City Document No. 88. 

[33.] At a Mectmg of tlie Freeholders, and other Inhabi- 
tants of tlie Town of Boston legally qualilied and warned in pul)lic 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuii Hall on Tuesday' the 31^'. 
Day of March 1767. 

AVarvaut for calling the Meeting - - - read 

The Hon'''*. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
INIeeti^g by a Hand Vote, and also sworn according to Law 

Tli3 Petition of a number of the Inhabitants praying that a good 
Master nriy be inmiediately appointed for the North Gnimmar 
School ; and t'lat for his encoui-agement ho may have the same 
Salary' as the Master of the Soutli Grammar School " was read, 
and after debate had thereon 

It was moved and seconded that the choice of a Master for the 
North Grammar School be referred over to the Seleclmen, and 
that they be desired to malce choice of a proper Gentleman to 
supply that vacancy, and the Question being accordingly pnt — 
Passed in tlie Affermative 

It "was further Voted, that the Clause in the Petition wliich 
relates to flxing a Salary for the Master of the North Grammar 
Scliool, be referred over to May Meeting, then to be Considered 
and acted upon 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. '■'• To Consider what may be 
the proper Measures for regulaang Fnneuil Hall Market " was 
read and Considered whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to shut up such part of 
the Touns Land adjoining to Faneuii Hall Market as they shall 
Judge pi'oper, and not suffer any Person to enter within the liaiis 
for the Sale of any kind of Provisions unless they pay such an 
acknowledgement to the Town as the Selectmen may think reason- 
able — Also that it be recommended to the Inhabitants of the 
Town not to purchase any Provisions of such disorderly Persons 
as may presume to stand in Dork Square or the Streets round 
[33.] Faneuii Hall Market — and that the above Vote be printed 
and dispersd among the Inhabitants in hand bills 

The InhaUitants brought in their Votes for a Clerk of Faneuii 
Hall Market, when it ap[)eared that 

M' Abijah Adams 
was chosen Clerk of the Market for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and secondetl Voted, that tlie GentL'mcn 
the Selectmen l)e dasired to take such Order as has been usual to 
procure Collections for the Sufferers in the late Fire from the 
several Congregations in this Town 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to receive the several Sums 
that may be Collected for the Sufferers in the late Fire, and dis- 
tribute the same together which such other Dontitions as may be 
made among the Sufferers in such Proportions as they may Judge 
j;roper 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that the Selectmen 
be desired to give Orders that no Illegal Weights and Measures 
may be suffered within Faneuii Hall Market and its Limits ; and 
also t!>at they l)e desired to furnish the said Market with a suit- 
able number of true Weights and Measures for the use of anv 



Boston Town Tvecokds, 17G7. 211 

Inh:il)itant3 who may pureluise Provisions in stiid Market, during 
the iMarket Hours; and Ihat the Sek'Clmen be desired to consider 
what furtlier Regukitions, may he necessary, and Report at the 
Geneial Town Meeting in May next 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town Ixi and hereby are given 
to the lion'''". James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting iov 
dispatching the Business th;'reof 

Then the Meeting was tlissolved 



[34.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in ])ul)lic Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 8"* Day of May 
Anno Domini 17G7. 

Prayer was made by the Kev'^. M^ Andrew Eliot 

The Precept and Warrant lor calling the Meeting - - - read. 

Sundry Laws read. 

Samuel Sewall Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhaljitants Assembled to proceed to the choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wedn(\sday the 
27"' Day of May Current; and in order thereto tcJ consider and 
ascertain the Number of Gentlemen to be Elected ; accordingly it 
was Voted to proceed to the choice of Four Representatives, and 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Vote, will be 
received but such as are unfolded, and that they propose the Poll 
shall be closed at 12 O'Clock. 

The Votes being bi-ought in the Number of the same were 
found to be C18. — and upon sorting them it appeared that the 

Four following Gentlemen were chose Viz'. 

The IIon''''\ James Otis Esq. o7o 

The IIon'''^ Thomas Cushing Esq. 5")7 

M^ Samuel Adams 574 

John Hancock Esq. 018 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were direct;'d to withdraw, and bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of tirs Meeting in order that tiie Town 
may proceed in transacting tii,' other Affaiis mentioned in the 
WaVrant; according [33.] The Inhabitants withdrew and brought 
in their \^otes,and upon sorting them it appeared that the lIon'''^ 
James Otis Esq. was chosen 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjoui'ned to 3 O'Clock P: M : 

3 O'clock P: M : Met according to Adjournment 



To tlie Freeholders and other Inliabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May <S. 1707. 

Pursuant to a Vote' of tlie Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the G"'. of May 17GiJ. desiring the Selectmen to vist the 
several' public Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein as they shouhl think proi)er, antl to 
Rei)ort thereon 

^Ye the Subscribers accordingly attended tiiat service on Wednes- 



212 City Document No. 88. 

day the 25"\ Day of June last accompanietl by the following Gen- 
tlemen Viz'. 

The Hoa"^ Thomas IIubbai\l l':sq. 
Thomas Flacker Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
The Re[)reseututives of the Town 
The Overseers of the Poor 
The Rev'^. Joseph Sewall. D. D. 
Charles Chaimey D. U. 
M'. Samuel Mather 
M^ Andrew Elliot 
M"". Samuel Cooper 
M'. Samuel Checkley 
M"". Ebenezer Pemberton 
M'. ]\Iather Byles 
The Town Treasurer 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
A number of other Geutlomeu 
[256.] And found the South Grammar School had 145 Scholars ; 
the North Grammar School o4 Scholars ; the South "Writing School 
260 Scholars ; the North Writing School had 25G Scholars ; the Writ- 
ing School in Queen Street 222 Scholars, all in very good order 

The Consideration of that Clause in the Petition of a Number of 
Inhabitants presented the Town in March last, relative to the fixing 
a Salary for the Master of the North Grammar School, being re- 
ferred over to this Meeting, was accordingly taken up by the 
Town ; and the Question being put (Viz'.) " Whether said Master 
shall have the Sum of £120,, — allowed him as Salary for one 
Year, being the Same Sum which is allowed the Master of the 

South Grammar School " Passed in the Negative 

Two Letters from Dennis Deberdt Esq. Agent for the Town on 
Cap'. Malcombs Affair, were laid before the Town by the Hon""'". 
James Otis Esq. Chairman of the Committee for Instructing said 
Gentlem". 

The Committee relative to ColP. Barres Picture made a Verbal 
Report — whereupon Voted that those Gentlemen. (Viz'.) 
• James Otis Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
John Erveing Juu"". Esq. 
be and they hereb}'' are Appointed a Committee to write a Letter 
to the Ilon'''^. Coll°. Barr informing him of tlie receipt of his Picture, 
and that the same by tlie unanimous Order of the Town is placed 
in Faneuil Hall. And said Commiitee are impowcr'd and directed 
to engage some Person to write to his Correspondent in London to 
])ay to M"". Duncan Clark or the Painter, the Cost of drawing said 
Picture, and any other Expence that lias attended the same, which 
Sum the Inhabitants hereby oblige tliemselves to repay and reim- 
burse 

[37.] Voted, that tlie Sum of One hundred and twenty 
Pounds, be allowed and paid unto M^ John Lovel for his Salary as 



Boston Town Records, 17(J7. 213 

Muster of the South Giaminar School, for the ensuing Year, the 
same to bo paid him QnarterW as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at t!ie expiration of the last Quaiter 

Voted, that the Sum of Eighty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ Samuel Ilolyoiic for his Salary as Master of the; Wriiii;g 
Sch(^ol in (^iieen Street for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the cx- 
pira: ion of the labt Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One; hundred I'ouuds be allowed and 
paid unto M^ Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of North 
Grammar S; hool, for the ensuing Y'ear, the same to be ptiid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds bo allowed and paid 
unto M"". John Piocter for his Salary as IMasler of iho Writing 
School in Queen Street for the ensuing Year, the same t;) l)e paid 
quarterly ;;s it shall become due, and to commence at tie ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pound-; be allowed and paid 
unto AP. Abiah Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master of t!ie Willing 
in the Common for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to comraenco at the ex[)ira- 
tion of the last Quarter 

Vo!od, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed c'c paid 
unto M^ John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the Nor;!i 
Vv'riting School for the ensuing Y^car, the same to be paid liim 
quarterly as it shall i)ecome due and to commence at the ex[)iration 

of the l::st Quarter 

■ [2S.] Voted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed 
antl paid unto M^ James Lovcl for his Salary as Usher of the 
South Grammar School for tlie ensuing Y'ear, the same to be paid 
him (juarti-rly as it shall become duo, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of ti:o last (Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pound be allowi'd and paid 
unto M"". James Lovel as an cnconra;iemont for him to remain and 
exert himself in the service of the Town the ensuing Y'ear. the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last quarter 

\'oted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & jxaid unto 
M^ James Carter, for his Salary as Usher of the Tsorth Wiiling 
School the ensuing Y'eai', tlic same to be i)aid him quarterl}' as it 
shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds, be allowed and i)aid unto 
j\P. Abia Ilolbrook Master of the Writing Scliool in the Connnon 
for i)r. Aiding an Assistant the ensuing Y^ear, the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to counnence at the 

expira'.ion of the last Quarter 

V^oted, that the Sum of Thirteen Pounds, six Sliillings. and eiiiht 
Pence be allowed and paid unto Mess". John it James Lovel. as a 
consideration for tlieir trouble and services in the Nort!i (irauiinar 
School for aliout Six Weeks wiiile destitute of a Master 



214 City Document No. 88. 

Voted, that the Sum of One hiindied Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasury unto M^ David Jeffries for liis 
services as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his 

Expences in that Otnce 

j_29.] Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and hereby is 
directed and impowered to allow the several Schoolmasters Inter- 
est on the Sums due to them from the Dates of their AVarrants to 

the Time of payment 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Thousand Five hundred Pounds be 
raised by a Tax upon Polls and Estates within this Town for 
relief of the Poor and defreying other necessary Chai-ges arising 

within the Town the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted that the Town 
Treasurer be and he hereby is desired and impowered to borrow 
on Interest the Sum of One hundred thirty three Pounds six Shil- 
lings and eight Pence for the use of the Overseers of the Poor to 

purchase Grain &*=. for the Almshouse 

The Petition of a number of luhabitanis " for paving the High 
Way leading from Milk Street into Battery March," was read and 
considered whereupon, 

Voted, that the Selectmen be a Committee to take the same into 

Consideration, and Report at the next Meeting 

Mess". Cockran and Campbells Petition " That the Town would 
relieve them with respect to a loss they have sustained by supply- 
ing the Poor of the Town on the Order of M'". Benjamin Ham- 
mett late an Overseer " was read, and after debate had thereon a 
]Motion was made that the same be referred to a Committee, and 
the Question being accordingly )^ut — Passed in the Negative 
— It was then moved that said Petition be dismissed, and the 

Vote being put — Passed in the affermative 

The Petition of the Gentlemen who have been chose Collectors 
of Taxes " that the Vote passed at the March IMeeting respecting 
the Pi'emium to be allowed them may be reconsidered " was read 
[30. J And after debate had thereon. Voted that 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M''. Ezekiel Price 
John II ill l>sq. 
M^ Edward Payne 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 

as soon as may be 

The Petition of a number of It. habitants " that the same Sum 
may l)e alloweil for the widening the Street near the Salutation 
Tavern, as was granted for the widening Ann Street" was read 
& consider'd whereupon 

Voied, that the Sum of Forty Pounds b^ and hereby is graute<l 
said Petitioners, provided a Brick Wall be built on a Line with 
M\ Bradfoid and M"". Keuts Houses, and the Petitioners convey 
to the Town the several Peices of Land already laid unto the 

Street 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors 



Boston Town Records, 1707. 215 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. — " To Consider whether 
any Measures shall be taken for the helter sweeping the Ciiiinnics 
& prevention of Fires " being read Voted that, 
John Ivuddoek Ksq. 
Tliomas Daws Ksq. 
M^ John Ballard 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
lIon"'''^ Royal Tyler Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Re[)Oit 
at the next Mcetino; 

[31.] That iCrticle in the Warrant Viz'. — '• Whether the 
Town will eall for the Money lent the Manufactory Company the 
23**. March 17.')o" was read and Considered, whereupon Voted, 
that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed to call for 
said Money 

The Committee relative to the Towns Lands on Boston Neck 
not having linished their business were desired to make Report at 
the Town Meeting speedily to be called to receive the same, as 
also the Report of the Committee on the Petition of the Collectors 
of Taxes 

The Committee on the Petition of M'. David Jeffries '' that he 
may be allowed for a peice of Laud into the j^ublic .Street, but 
omitted in the Admeasurement and Plan of Laud becoming vacant 
1)}' Fire 17(50." Reported that tliey had viewed the above said 
Peice of Land, which they take to lie worth Ten Pounds, and said 
Re[)ort having been considered 

Voted, that the sum of Ten Pounds be allowed and paid out of 
the Town Treasury unto M''. David Jeffries as a consideration for 
the above said Piece of Land laid into the public Street 

Voted, that it appears to the Town that Jolni Hancock Esq. tlie 
Residuaiy Legatee of the late IJon'"''-'. Thomas Hancock Esq. has 
always publicly manifested his readiness to pay the Legacy left to 
the Town by his late worthy Uncle — said John Hancock Esq. 
having made several Applications to the Inhal)itnnts in puljlic 
Town Mee.ing that they would accept cf said Donation 

V^oted that all Matters and Things that remain uufinislied at this 
JNIeeting, be and hereby is referred over to the Town ^Meeting 
speedily to be called, to be then considered and acted ui)on 

Voted, unanimously tliat the Thanks of the Town [3*2.] Bo and 
hereby are given to the Honourable James Otis Esq. thf IModura- 
tor of this Meeting for dispatching the Busiuesa thereof 

Then the Meetiusf was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town .Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the lo"^. Day of July. 

Anno Domini 17G7 

Warrant for calling the Meeting road 

The Hon'"'-'. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 



216 City Document No. 88. 

Bills of Credit of the oLliei' Goveiuments as required by au Act of 
this Province. 

Tlie Committee relative to the Towns Lands on Boston Neck, 
Rep(jrted in the form of a Vote — Viz'. 

Whereas the Lands on Boston Neck lying on both sides of the 
Great Koad leading to Roxbiiry together with some Lands lying 
on both sides Orange Street, Just within the Fortification belong- 
ing to this Town ; which Lands if laid out in proper and con- 
venient Allotments [33.] Might be sold much for the Interest 
and advantage of the Town. 

And whereas a Plan of the same Lands, is now lodged in tlie 
Town Clerks Ollice whereon is marked and laid out proper and 
convenient Lotts of the said Lands for Sale ; therefore Voted that 

or the major part of them, be a Committee to make Sale of 

all or any of the said Lotts, as also the said Lands Just within the 
Fortification, for the most the same will fetch ; and that the said 
Committee or the major part of tliem, be and hereby are aulhor-. 
is'd and impowered to make execute and deliver, in the Name and 
on the behalf of the Town, good and suflicient Deed or Deeds of 
bargain and sale, of any Lott or Lotts part or parcel of said Land, 

to the Purchaser or Purchasers. 

Thomas Daws, p order 

The above Report having been read and considered — the Ques- 
tion was put " Whether tlie same be accepted — Passed in tlie 
Negative 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the Peti- 
tion of Sampson Salter and others chose to Collect the public 
Taxes for the Year 17G7. do Report — That they have met the 
Petitioners several Times and heard them fully relating to the 
Prayer of their said Petition, and having considered of the same, 
give it as our Opinion, that the Premium to be allowed for Col- 
lecting said Taxes be in the following manner — Viz'. — Twelve 
Pence on the Pound to each of the Collectors upon all such Sums, 
as they shall have actually paid into the Province County and Town 
Treasurers on or before the tenth Day of July 17G8 — Eiglit Pence 
on the Pound on all such other Sums, as they shall have so paid 
in to said Treasurers on or before the twentieth Day of December 
17GS. and Four Pence on "the Pound ujion the remaintler of the 
Sums they shall be obliged to Collect, provided such remainder 
shall be fully paid in on or before the second Monday of March 
Anno Domini 17G9, this Premium as above expressed appears to 
be Just and equitable, and an ample Allowance to the Collectors 
to encourage them to discharge their Duty with diligence and 
fidelity, and humbly sul»mit it to the Consideration of the Town 
— The Committee would beg leave Just to mention, that as 
every Inhabitant is sensible the Town for [34.] Many Yeais i)ast 
have laboured under great Ditficidties by reason of the Taxes not 
being paid into the respective Treasuries, and especially the Town 
Treasury, and that the Town Tax has thereby greatly increased, 
and that this has been principally occasioned liy the neglect of the 
Collectors, or some of them, and the backwardness of the Inhabi- 
tants to pay owing to the great lenity of the Collectors notwith- 



Boston Town Rfcokds, 1707. 217 

stamling ll)e gonorous Pr(Miiiinn tlint has .-ilways boon allowod for 
their Services: The Coininiltee are of Opinion these (lifliciilt\s 
may be in a great IMensurc prevented, if liie Town would eonie into 
the foUouing Resohitions. Viz'. 

That the Assessors be directed to take thi; List of the Names of 
all Persons lyahle to be taxed some time in the Month of June 
Annually, so as to compleat the same before the expiration of that 
Mouth ; And that said Assessors shall begin to make the Annnal 
Tax in seven Days at farthest after they have received the War- 
rants from the Province Treasurer, foi the Province Tax. and 
from the Court of Sessions for the County Tax and the Town 
Vote for the Town Tax, and that they compleat the said Tax & 
prepare the Tax Books, so as they may be delivered to the Ccjllect- 
ors annually on or before the first Day of October, that Time 
being much bettor than it formerly used to be, and the Committee 
are of Opinion, that this delay in the Assessors has not only been 
expensive to tiie Town, but the Cause of man}' of the Dilliculties 
the Town has met with 

The Committee also think that it would not only be a relief to 
the present and preceeding Collectors, but of (Jreat benefit to the 
Town, if they were directed to prefer a List of the Names of all 
Persons that have not paid their Taxes for any Years preceeding 
the Year 17G6, and that such Lists be distinctly read over, in a full 
Town iNIeeting to be called for that purpose, at such Time as the 
Town shall Judge i)roper, and that the Collectors for the Year 
1700 give in a like List of the Names of the Persons that shall 
not have paid their Taxes for that Year to be distinctly read over 

in Town Meeting in the j\Ionth of March 1769. 

Benjamin Kknt 
p order 

[35.] The Report on the other side having been road and 
del)ate had thereon — the Question was put — Whether the Town 
will accept the same — Passed in the Afformative 

M^ Nathaniel Coffin chosen Collector of Taxes for the ensuing 
Year having declined that Service was accordingly excused by the 
Town 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes, for a Collector of Taxes 
in the loom of Nathaniel Cotfin Esq. who has declined serving & 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

Jonathan Paysou Esq. 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion m;uleand seconded. Voted that the Selectmen l)o 
desired to do what is necessary relative to the repairing or en- 
lai'ging the Gun House in the Common for the reception of the 
Artillery lately given by the Province for the use of the Boston 
Regiment. 

The Conmiittoe relative to sweeping Chimnies &"=. not having 
compleated their Scheom, were disired to Hei)ort the same at the 
next Town Meeting 

The Hon^'" Thomas Cushing Esq. laid before the Town, 
the following Letter received from M\ Secret arv Couwav — 
Viz'. 



218 City DocmjENT No. 88. 

Loudon March IG. 17G7, 
Sir 



I am ashamed to have so long deferred sendhig m}' Picture, 
which tlie Assembly of Boston have done me tlie Ilouor to request ; 
but as this delay has been chiefly owiug to the dih^tariness of tlie 
I'ainter, who has been extremeW s'o\y in finishing it I hope it 
will not be imputed to any neglect on my p:irt, or to any want of 
the -lust scMise I ought ever to retain of the great distinction they 

were pleased to favor [36.] Me witli on that occa-ion 

I am with great regard 
Sir 

Your ODliged & Most Obed'. 

humble Servant 

II. S. CONAVAY. 

The above Letter having been read to the Inhabitants by the 
Town Clerk — Voted, that the same be handed to the Committee 
relalive to ColP. Barres Picture who are hereby desired to write a 
Letter to the Ilon'''^. H. S : Conway, informing him of the recietof 
his Picture, nnd that the same by the unanimous order of the 
Town is placed in Faneuil Hall — And said Committee are im- 
powered and directed to engage some Person to write to his Corre- 
spondent in London to pay the cost of drawing said Picture, 
and any other cxpence that has attended tlie same, which Sum 
the Inliabitants hereby olilige themselves to repay and reim- 
burse 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accompts of M''. 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service, & find 
the same riglit cast and well vouched in which ho charges himself 
with sundry Fines, Pents, and o! her Incomes of the Town, as also 
with the Tax of £5000 — All which amount to the Sum of 
£11577 ,, 16 ,, 11^ including the balance of old Account 

And the said Treasurer discharges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amonutiug to £GG1 ,, 3 ,, 4 by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to£3'202 ,, 10,, 1^ of which he 
has paid £2284 ,, 1 ,, 7, and by Drafts made by the Overseers of 
the Poor, which contain the Charge of the Almshouse amounting 
to £3057 ,, 18 ,, 1 of which he has paid £1433 ,, 7 ,, G^^ also l)y 
sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to £84 ,, 14 y, 7^ the 
whole amounting to £7009 ,, 4 ,, ]| 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very [37.] 
Particular manner, and have examined the V^ouchers produced by 
the Ovei'seers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts and every 
other branch of public Charge, amount in all as above to £7009 ,, 
4 ,, l^', as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town Treasurers 
Books, balance whereof being £45G8 ,, 12 ,, D^ is carried to the 
Credit of a new Account 

Which Ueport and Accompt being read, Voted that the same be 
and hereby is accepted 

In a Motion made and seconded Voted, tliat there be a Town 
IMeeting called on the 24"' Listant, jn-ovidetl M''. Adams produces a 
List to the St'lectmen of the Debts tine to him as Collector of Taxes 
from the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston and from v>hom b}' 



Boston Town Records, 17()7. 210 

the 20 Inst^ that the Town may act as thoy Judgo piopcr with 
resi)cct to the Suit < oiiimcii(-cd against him as Collector 

Voted that the Tlianks of tlie Town be and hercl)y arc given to 
the Hon'''*'. .I:imcsO;is Ksq. the Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
[)alehing the business tlu-reof 

Then the Meetinii was dissolved 



At a ^Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boslon legally qualified & warned in public 'l\)wu fleet- 
ing Assembled at Fanenil Hall on Frvday the D"' Dav of October 
A. D. 17G7 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 

[3S.] The lIon'''^ James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of 
this Meetin<4:, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the other Governments as required b}^ an 
Act of this Province. 

Tiiat Article in ihe Warrant Viz'. — " AVhether the Town will 
make any alteration in a late Vote respecting the Collectors 
of Taxes, they having declined Serving upon the terms therein 
stated ; or if the Town should think fit to adhere to said Vote, 
then to choose four new Collectors for the present Year" was 
read, and after debate had thereon — the Question was put — 
Whether the town will make any alteration in their late Vote 
respecting Collectors of Taxes — Passed in the Negative — It 
was then moved, and Voted that the choice of Collectors be 
referred over to o O'Clock P : M : 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " Wliether the Town will 
be at the Cliargc of a new Engine to su|)ply the i)lace of I^ngino 
Ko. 3 kept in 13ennet Street, which upon a thorough inspection is 
found to be unfit for service " was read and Considered where- 



upon 

^'otcd, that it be left to the Gentlemen Selectn)en either to 
repair said Engine or to procure a new one in its j-oom, as they 

niay Judge most for the Interest of the Town 

That Article in the Warrant ^'iz'. — ''Whether any Measures 
shall be taken to repair or render more respectable the entrance 
into this Town near the Fortification " was read — And the Q;ies- 
lion being put — "Whether such ^Measures shall b,' taken" — • 
Passed in the Aflfermative — It was further Voted that 
M^ Edward Payne 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Mela! iali Bourn Esq. 
[39.] Jonathan Williams Esq. " 

1\P. John Bovleston 
Coll". ,lohu Uill 
be and hereby arc appointed a Committee to carry said Measure 

into execution 

That Article in the Warrant Viz'. — "'Whether the Town will 
impower the Selectmen to make such other Building in addition t.j 



220 City Document No. 88. 

the Gnn House as is represented to be necessary for the use of the 
Train of Artillery" was lead, whereupon 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to act in 
this Matter as they may tliink proper and expedient 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

Met according to Adjournment. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the Question was put 
(Viz'.) " Whether the Vote passed in the Morning respecting Col- 
lectors of Taxes shall now- be reconsidered" — Passed in the 
Affermative 

It was further Voted, that the Vote passed the 13*. of July 
last relative to the Collectors of Taxes, by one Clause of which 
they are idlowed a Premium of twelve Pence on the Pound upon 
all such Sums as they shall have actually paid into the Province 
County and Town Treasurers on or before the tenth Day of July 
1768 — be so far reconsidered as that said Collectors be and they 
hereby are allowed the like Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound as 
Premium on all such Sums of Money as shall be paid into the 
several Treasurers as aforesaid on or before the tenth Day of 
August 17(58 any thing in a former Vote notwithstanding 

Three of the Gentlemen chose Collectors of Taxes for the pres- 
ent [40.] Year Viz'. — Mess". Sampson Salter, Edward Holly- 
day, & Samuel Ruggles consenting to serve in said Office, upon 
the alteration now made in the Vote passed the 13*. Day of July 
last respecting said Collectors — The Inhabitants were desired to 
withdraw, and briug in their Votes for one Collector in the room 
of Jonathan Payson Esq. who declines serving — their Votes being 
accordingly brought in upon sorting them it appeared that 

M''. Abraham Savage 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the present Year. 

The Petition of M". Mai-y Pratt Widow " that an abatement 
may be made her on the Rent of Deer Island for Reasons therein 
given " was read, and after debate had thereon 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be desired to make 
enquiry into the Circumstances of this Matter, and Report the 
same at the next Town Meeting 

Voted that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to 
the Hon"''*. James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatt-hing the Business thereof 

Then the Meetiuo; was dissolved. 



[41.'] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public Town 
Meeting Assembled at Fanenil Hall on Wednesday the 28*. Day 
of Octo\)er A. D. 17G7. 

Warrant for calling the Meeeting - - - - read 
The IIon'''^ James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
IMeetiug, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, as required by an Act 
of this Province 



Boston Town Records, 1707. 221 

An Acklrcss to the Freeholdeis aud other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston now Asseni]>led and subs -ribed Philo rutrUi rec- 
ouimeudiug OeeoiKnny and Mannfactnres which uas handed in to 
tlie Town this Morning, was by their order read to them by the 

'i'uvvu Clerk 

The Town took into consideration the Petilion of a Ninnbcr of 
Inhabitants " that some effectual JMeasures might be agreed upon 
to promote Industry, Oeeonomy, and Manufactures, therel>y to 
prevent tl»c unnecessary Importation of iMiropeau Commodities 
wliich threaten the Country with Poverty and Ruin" whereupon 
in a very large and full Meeting, the following Votes and Reso- 
lutions were passed unanimousl3\ 

Whereas the excessive use of Forreign Superfluities is the chief 
Cause of the present distressed state of this Town, as it is 
thereby drained of its Money, which Misfortune is like to 
be increased by means of the late additional burthens and impo- 
sitions on the Trade of this Province which threaten the Country 
Avith poverty and ruin — therefore Voted, that this Town will 
take all prudent and legal Measures to encourage the produce and 
Manufactures of this Province, and lo lesson the use of Super- 
fluities & particularly the following enumerated Articles Imported 
from abroad Viz'. [42.] Loaf Sugar — Cordage — Anchors — 
Coaches — Chaises & Carriages of all sorts — Horse Furniture — 
Men & Womeus Hatts — Men «fc Womens Apparel ready made 
— Household Furniture — Gloves — Men & Womens Shoes — 
Sole Leather — Sheathing aud Deck Nails — Gold & Silver 
Thread — Lace of all Sorts — Gold and Silver Buttons — Wrought 
Plate of all sorts — Diamond Stone aud Paste Ware — Snuff — 
Mustard — Clocks & Watches — Silver Smiths & Jewellers 
Ware — Broad Cloths that cost above ten shillings p Year — 
Muffs, Furrs & Tippetts — and all sorts of Millinary Ward — 
Starch — Women &. Children's Stays — Fire Engines — China 
Ware — Silk and Cotton Velvets — Gauze — Pewterers hollow 
Ware — Linseed Oyle — Glue — Lawns — Cambrick — Silk of all 
kinds for Garments — Malt Liquors, & Cheese. — Aud tliat a Sub- 
scription for this end be aud hereby is recommended to the several 
Inhabitants aud Householders of the Town, aud that 

John Rowe Esq. 

M'. William Greenleaff 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

M'. Samuel Austin 

M'. Edward Payne 

M^ Edmund Quincy Tertius 

John Ruddock Esq. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

M^ Henderson Inches 

M^ Solomon Davis 

Joshua Winslow P'sq. 

Thomas Gushing Esq. 
be a Committee to prepare a form for Subscription to Report the 



222 City Documknt No. 88. 

same as soon as possible, and also to procure Subscriptions to the 

same 

And whereas it is the Opinion of this Town that diverse new 
Manufactures may be set up in America to its great advantage, 
& some others carried to a greater extent, particularly those of 
Glass & Paper, therefore 

[43.] Voted, that this Town will by all prudent ways & 
means encourage the use and consumption of Glass and Paper 
made in any of the British American Colonies and more especially 
in this Province 

Adjourned to 3 O'Clock P : M : 
3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment. 
That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " To Choose a Committee to 
examine the Accompts of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries," 
was read, whereupon Voted, that 

John Hill Esq. 
Foster Hutchinson Esq. . 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M"". Ezekiel Price 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to examine the Accompts 
of the Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries, as also the Accompts 
of such other Lotteries as ma}' hereafter be di'awn by said Mana- 
gers 

The Petition of Nathaniel Heath " that the Selectmen may have 
orders to draw for the Forty Pounds due to him for taking down 
part and repairing the remainder of the Widow Crosby's House 
near the Salutation Tavern, in order to widen tl)e Street there, 
notwidistanding the Condition on wLiich the Town granted the 
said Sum was not wholly complyed with" being read and consid- 
ered 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed to give 
the said Heath an order on the Town Ti'easurer for the Sum of 
Forty Pounds, as pay for the Services set forth in his Petition, 

any former Vote, to the contrary notwithstanding. 

The Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) "To Consider of some Meas- 
ures [44.] For employing the Poor of the Town of Boston, by 
reviving the Linen Manufacture, and in such other Ways as shall 
be thought most beneficial," was read, whereupon 
Voted, that, John Barrett Esq. 
M''. Edward Payne 
Middlecot Cook Esq. 
M'. Henderson Liches 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee for the purpose afore- 
said, to Report as soon as maj' b ^ 

That Clause in the Warrant Viz'. — "That the mind and Reso- 
lution of the Town may be taken with respect to the expediency 
of a humble request to his Excellency the Governoi-, that he will 
Convene the General Assembly as soon as may be " was read and 
considered,- whereupon 



Boston Town Records, 1767. 223 

Voto'l, ini-i limoiisly, that the Reprcsentutivos of Ihe Town 
haviug already made hmublc a[)plication to his Kxeelleuey the 
Governor for the purpose above mentioned, the Town do approve 
of their Conduct therein ; hereb}- deehiring their sense of the iiu- 
poitanec of the Measure, and expressing their ho[)es tliat his 
Exeellency will be pleased to further it, by Convening the Gen- 
eral Assembly as soon as conveniently may be. 

The Committee appointed in the Fore-Noon to prepare a form 

for Subsei iptions, Rei)ort as follows 

AVhereas this Province labours nudcr a heavy debt incurred in 
the course of the late Warr, and the Inhabitants by this means, 
must be for some time subject to very burthensome Taxes ; And 
as our [45.] Trade has for several Years been on the decline, 
and is now particularly under great Embarrassments, and bnr- 
then'd with heavy Impositions, our Medium ver}' scarce, and the 

balance of Trade greatly against this Country 

We therefore the Subscribers being sensible that it is absolutely 
necessary, in order to extricate us out of those embarrassed & dis- 
tressed Circumstances to promote Industry, Oeconomy, & Manu- 
factures among ourselves, and by this Means prevent the unueces- 
sar3- Importation of European Commodities, the excessive use of 
which threatens the Countr}' with Poverty and Ruin, Do Pi'omise 
& Imgage to and with each other, that we will encourage the use 
aud cousum[)tiou of all Articles Manufactured in any of the 
British American Colonies, & more especially in this Province ; 
aud that we will not from & after the 31^'. — of December next 
tcsuing, purchase any of the following Articles, imported fvom 
ft broad 

Loaf Sugar 

Cordage 

Anchors 

Coaches Chaises & Carriages of all sorts 

Horse Furniture 

Mens & Womens Flatts 

Men & Womens Apparel ready made 

Household Furniture 

Gloves 

Meu & Womens Shoes 

Sole Leather 

Sheathing & Deck Nails 

Gold & Silver & Thread Lace of all sorts 

Gold & Silver Buttons 

Wrought Plate of all sorts 

Diamond Stone & Paste Ware 

Snuff 

Mustard 

Clocks an I Watches 
[4:6 ] Silver Smiths & Jewellers Ware 

Broad Cloths that Cost about 10/ p Yard 

Muffs: Furrs & Ti|)i)ets 

All sorts of Millinary Ware 

Starch 



224 City Document No. 88. 

Women and Childrens Stays 

Fire Engines 

China Ware 

Sillt; and Cotton Velvets 

Gauze 

Pewterers hollow Ware 

Silk & Cotton Velvets 

Linseed Ovle 
Glue 

Lawns 

Cambricks 

Silks of all kinds for Garments- 

Malt Liquors 

Cheese 
And we further Agree strictly to adhere to the late regulations 
respecting Funerals, and will not use any Gloves but what are 
Manufactured here, nor procure any new Garments upon such au 
Occasion but what shall be absolutely necessary 



John Kowe p order 

The above Report having been considered, the Question was 
put — Whether the same shall be accepted, whereupon 

Voted unanimously that said Report be & hereby is accepted, 
and that said Committee be desired to use their best endeavoi-s to 
get the Subscription Papers filled up as soon as may be — also 

Voted, unanimously that the forgoing Vote and Form of a 
Subscription, relative to the Enumerated Articles &''. be immedi- 
ately [47.] Published, and that the Gi'utlemeu the Selectmen be 
directed to distribute a proper Number of them among the Free- 
holders of this Town, and to forward a Copy of the same to the 
Selectmen of every Town in the Province, and also to the princi- 
pal City or Town OfHcers of the Chief Towns in the several Colo- 
nies on the Continent, as they may think proper. 

That Clause in the Warrant respecting " giving proper Instruc- 
tions to the Representatives of the Town for their Couduclat thi s 
very critical conjunction of our public Affairs" was read, where- 
upon 

Voted, that the consideration of this Matter be referred over to 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that the Town will 
take all proper Measures by keeping in their Children & Servants 
and other ways to prevent the disturbances which have sometimes 
happened on or about the Fifth Day of November 

At this Meeting several Samples of Starch called Poland Stnrch, 
and of the common sort of Starch ; Powder of best sorts for B ir- 
bers, Glue, and Snuff like Kippcns so called, all manufactured in 
this Town, were shewn to the Inhabitants and much approved 
of 

M"". John Baker who manufactures the Poland Starch so called, 
being present declared his readiness to Contract with the Inhabi- 
tants for two Thousand Barrels at the prime cost of that Article 
in London 

M'. Gelaspy the Manufacturer of Stock Snuff so called, offered 



Boston Toavn Eecords, 17G7. 225 

to furnish the Inhabitants with what may be wanted at the first 
Cost of that Article in North Britinn 

The Town were also informed that our Paper Manufactuicrs 
[48.] Had given assurance, that in case they can be supplyed 
with the Materials for Iheir use, usually burnt or thrown away in 
our great Towns, the}' could supply the Province with whatever 
sorts and quantity of Paper, they have occasion for, and have some 
left for the other Colonies 

V'oted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday *^^he 20'*'. of 
November next, 10 O'Clocii A : M : 

Fryday the 20*. of November. 10. O'Clock A : M .- Town M. t 
according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed on the 20"' of last Month " to Con- 
sider of some Measures for employing the Poor of the Town of 
Boston, by reviving the Linnen Manufacture, and in such otlier 
ways as shall be thought most beneficial" having desired a further 
Time — Voted, that said Committee be desired to maive Report 
at tlie Adjournment of this Meeting 

The Committee a[)pointed on the 20"* Ultimo relative to the 
Enumerated Articles, Reported, and also lianded in to the Town 
the Sul)scrii)tion Rolls, whereupon 

Voted, that said Rolls be left with the Town Clerk for such of 
the Inhabitants to Subscribe the same as may not as yet have 
done it 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of the 
Managers of Faneuil Hall Lotteries — Reported that they had 
examined the several Accompts of Lotteries N**. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. & 9, 
and found the same to be right east, which Report was accejited 
by the Town 

[49.] The Town being informed sundry scandalous and 
threatning Papers have been posted up in various parts of the 
Town, by some evil minded Person or Persons, Enemies to its 
peace, tending to excite Tumults & Disorders 

Voted, unanimously that the Inhabitants of this Town will be 
ready on all Occasions to assist the Selectmen and Majestratea 
in the suppression of all Disorders that may arise and that they 
will endeavor to preserve peace and harmony among the Inhab- 
itants 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, that Article in the Warrant 
relative to the giving proper Instructions to the Representatives 
of the Town for their Conduct at this very critical Conjuncture of 
our public Affairs, the Consideration whereof was referred to this 
Meeting was now taken up and the Question being put — 
" Whether tiie Town will Instruct their Representatives — Passed 
in the Affermative almost unanimously — It was further Voted 
that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

M''. Henderson Inches 

John Rowe Esq. 

M'. Edward Payne 

M'. Edmund Quincy tertius 



22fi City Document Xo. 88. 

M"". Ezekiel Price 
D\ Benjamin Church 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare lustructious 
accoidingly, and they are desired to Report at the Adjournment 
of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be and hereby is Adjourned to Tues- 
day the 22''. of December next 

Tuesday the 22^. Day of December 3. O'Clock P : M : Town met 
according to Adjournment 

[50.] A Petition of M^ John Trumbles of Chai'lestown rela- 
tive to the setting up the Pipe Manufacture in this Town was 
read, but the same not being an Article in the Warrant was not 
acted upon 

The Committee appointed the 28 of October last " to consider of 
some Measures for employing the Poor of the Town of Boston by 
reviving the Linuen Manufacture, and in such other ways as 
shall be thought most beneficial " Reported 

That they have had many Meetings about the Matters referred 
to them for their Consideration, have made a full enquiry into the 
steps taken by the late Society for carrying on the Linuen Manu- 
facture, and the method they pursued for establishing the same, 
Examined all their Books and Aceompts, and procured from 
several of the Gentlemen concerned all the information relative to 
their proceedings in that Business they were able to give, what 
encouragement was given for carrying it on, and the mnny difficul- 
ties that attended it, and conversed with some Persons best 
acquainted with the several branches of this Business, and also 
compared the Circumstances of those Times with the present, and 
after the most mature Consideration of the whole The Committee 
are of Opinion, that this Province has all natural Advantages for 
carrying on the Linnen Manufacture, and that a sufficient quantity 
of Flax may be raised for that purpose, if the Government would 
give encouragement. That the carrying on this Business in a 
Factory will be attended with greater Expeuce than in private 
Families (as by expeiience has been found in Scotland & Ireland 
as well as among ourselves) where the Spinning and Weaving are 
done when they have no other Employ, wliereas in a Factory they 
must be wholly supported by the Manufacture tlierefore cannot 
afford their work so cheap — That the profits arising from this 
Manufacture is not sufficient to induce any Persons to undertake 
it without some assistance [51.] From the pul)lic ; that in order to 
carry on and establish this Business in a Factory in Boston, the 
House, Looms, Wheels & other Utensils necessary for bleaching 
and Callendring must be provided at the public char<:e, and like- 
wise a Stock of Three thousand Pounds to be applyed for pur- 
chasing Flax and Yarn, paying the Weavers Spinners Bleaciiing 
&c. That this Stock must be lent to suitable Persons who are 
acquainted in all the Branches of this Manufacture, and will 
undertake to carry on the same on their own Account if such 
Persons can be found, who could give security for the said Stock, 
the Committee are of Opinion the Linnen Manufactuic may be 
established in this Town. The Comuiiltec have the pleasure to 



Boston Town Records, 1767. 227 

acquaint the Town, that from the sui-est advices they have obtained 
from many parts of this Province, the Woolen & Liiinou Manu- 
lactures are carried on to so great a degree, as tijat a very great 
part of the Iniiabitants in most Tjvvns supply themselves with 
tiu'ir own Cloathing — The Committee would further Report that 
they are informed by good Judges living in this Town, that Duck 
or Sail Clotli has been made in this Province of a superior quality 
to any commonly im|)orted from Russia, and they are of Opinion 
that the making this Article will be more advantageous than 
Jjinnen, as it is piobable suitable Persons may be found to carry 
on this Manufacture with pi()i)er Encouragement from the public, 
and a Bounty from the Governm' Tiiis Manufacture is not liable 
to so many accidents as the Linncn, nor so great an Expence to 
establish it, the Poor of the Town ma\' be employed to spin the 
Yarn for this, as well as the other, and the pounding & beating of 
the Hemp may bo done by those in the Workhouse At present 
the Comm*"^. are not able to Inform the Town so fully as to the 
making of Duck as they hope they soon shall, being in dayly ex- 
pectations of receiving answers to some Ix'tters they have wrote 
relative to this bead, and when they come to hand, the Committee 
doubt not but they shall be able to lay a Plan that may be equally 
beneficial to the Town & Province as the Linnen Manufacture 
would, if Persons could be found to uudertake that, on the afore- 
mentioned Terms 

[53.] The Question being put — Whether the Report on the 
other side shall b3 accepted — Passed in the AflTerinative — It was 
also Voted, that the said Committee be desired to set again for 
a further Consideration of what may bo ex[)edient for the Town 
to do relative to the Linnen Manufacture &'•■ and to Repoit as 
soon as may be 

The Committee appointed to prepare Instructions for the Repre- 
sentatives of the Town, Reported the following Draft 

Gentlemen 

We your Constituents the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
*he Town of Boston being legally Assembled in Faneuil Hall, and 
taking into mature Consideration the distressed Circumstances 
of this Town, by means of the amazing growth of Luxury, and 
the Embarrassments of our Tr;ide ; & having also the strongest 
a[)prehensions that our invalu;ible Rights & Lil)eitie3 as Men and 
British Subjects, are greatly affected liy a late Act of tlic British 
Parliament imposing Duties on sundry Commoditii'S to be levied 
& paid in the Colonies, have thought it ex|)edient to give you our 
united sentiments on those interesting sul.)jects ; that yoti may from 
thence take encouragement vigorously to pursue such Measines as 
may be best calculated to secure our safely t^ well fa re 

It is the pai't of every wise Community at all times to encourage 
Industry and Oeconomy among themselves. How great is the neces- 
sity when pressed with insui)portal)le Debts and Taxes which is 
the present unhappy state of this Town an<l Province? The late Just 
and necessary war, in which our Sovereign and the Nation liavr been 
engaged, being principally seated in North America rcndred it 
the incumbent Duty of his Majeslys fnitiiful Subjects of these 



228 City Document No. 88. 

Colonics, to exert the utmost of their strength and abilities iu de- 
fence of his Dominions in this part of the World, and reducing 
his Enemies to terms of peace. This Province hns [53,] Exhib- 
ited many repeated instances of their readiness to afford this aid 
to his Majesty which will be standing Monuments of their zeal for 
his Majesties service & their affection to the Mother State. It is 
needless to recnr to former Instances even in the Infancy of this 
Province ; the last War affords incontestal)le proofs ; when by their 
united exertions, they incurred a Debt which is now an almost in- 
supportable bnrden, and will so remain for Years to come. It is 
with concern that we are ol)liged to say, that under all this difficulty 
our private Debts to the British Merchants have been increasing ; 
and our importations even of Superduities as well as other Articles 
have been so much beyond Ihe bounds of prudence, that our utmost 
efforts it is to be feared, will not save us from impending ruin. At 
the Same Time our Trade by which alone we are enabled to balance 
onr Aeeompts with Great Bri:ain is in almost every branch of it 
burthened with Duties and Restrictions, whereby it is rendred un- 
profitable to us ; and is indeed in danger of being totally obstructed 
& ruined. In such a deplorable situation we warmly recommend to 
youGeutlemeu toexert your selves in promoting every prudent Meas- 
ure which may be proposed to put a stop to that profusion of Lux- 
ury, sothreatning to the Country ; to encourage a spirit of Industry 
and frugality among the People, and to establish Manufactures 
in the Province. We conceive that diverse Manufactures may be 
set up to great advantage, particularly tliose of Iron, Glass, Paper, 
Linuen &°. and therefore we think it highly neeessaiy that they 
should be encouraged by suitable Bounties. Hemp and Flax are 
the natural produce of our Lands, and many new discoveries maybe 
made of the Pioductions of the Countr3% whicli we have Just reason 
to expect you will attend to, as they will be the necessary Means 
of lessoning our Forreign Imports, enabling us to discharge the 
Debts we have already Contracted abroad, & freeing us from the 
Obligation of contracting at least so largely for Time to come. 
We cannot concUide this head without observing to you, that the 
excessive use & consumption of spirituou'^ Liquors requires your 
particular care to discountenance; as it is [54:.] Destructive to 
the INIorals as well as the Health and substance of th3 Peoj^le ; 
rendering them incapable of labor, and tending to err.C3 from the 
Mind, the sentiments of Virtue, and a disposition to ludustry. 

As wo have nothing more at heai t than to maintain a lasting 
and perpetual fiiendship & union with the People of Great Britain 
who are our Fellow- Subjects, we rely upon it th:it you will at all 
Times readily Join in any Measures tending to cultivate and estab- 
lish it. Using your best endeavors to circumvent & frustrate the 
designs of those who would create Jealousies and fomerit Divisions 
between us. At the same Time it is your incumbent Duty care- 
fully to inspect such Acts of Parliament as are or shall be passed 
to be binding on the Colonies; the prudence and cvm necessity 
of which will appear when it is considered that we are not and 
cannot be Represented in the Parliament which p:i-set!i such 
Laws; and consc(iucutly the only step that can be talc^'U by those 



Boston Town rjECOi^Ds, 1707. 220 

wilt) alone legnll}' Represent ns. is to jiointont snch inconveniences, 
as l)y reason of onr gi-cat distance from tlie .Sni)renie Leuislative 
of the Nation may and iu all prol)ability will sometimes arise from 
snch Laws, in order that they may be rcinidii'd. And we upon 
this Occasion strirtly enjoin upon yon to use your influence that 
the nature and tendency of the late Act of Parliament imposing 
Dutys upon Taper, Glass &''. may be the Sul)ject of enquiry in the 
House of Rei)resentatives. Th(i design of this Act we perceive is 
to raise a Kevenue (jut of the Colonies for the support of his 
Majestys Government, and to defend and secure his Majestys 
Territories, As this Revenue is to be raised out of our property, 
it is immaterial to us by what mode the Taxes are to be levied, or 
by what Name they are called. It is without controversy the 
natural right of every ]\tan. and the constitutional Right of every 
British Subject solely to dis[)i)se of his own property either by him- 
self iu Person, or by his Representatives of his own free Election. 
If therefore the People of [55.] This Province are by nature and 
by the Royal Charter entitle<l to all the Rights of natural born 
Subjects, as without doubt they are, it is certain that all Property 
taken from them, by any manner or way without their consent 
must be an infringement of their natural and Constitutional Rights, 
and it is a point of the utmost consequence to us ; For what 
Liberty could any Man be supposed to have, if anotlier have a 
right to demand of him any part of his earnings, ami by conse- 
quence the whole if he pleases? Besides the appropriation of the 
Moneys to be raised by tliis Act we humbly apprehend it to 1)6 
Just matter of grievance to us, in as much as we are thereby de- 
prived of that honor which is the pride of Biiti-h Subjects of 
testefying our alacrity in supporting his Majesties Officers iu the 
several Departments of Government, as well as of the privilege of 
taking into Consideration our own ability and the merit of their 
Services. Moreover the Act in its opperation will further dis- 
coui-age our Trade, already sinking under its pressures & difficulties. 
And it is worth your |)articular notice that it has ever been the 
policy of Great Britain to lay the Colonies under the necessity of 
purchasing her own Manufactures to the exclusion of all others, 
which obliges us to purchase such Articles as we have nead of at 
an advanced price : and this alone we apprehend would be sulli- 
cient to exempt us from any additional Charges or Unties upon 
them here, even it were not inconsistent with our natural and con- 
stitutional Rights ; especially when it is considered, that by our 
consumption of their M^^'mf^K^tures, the price of them is great'y 
advanced, the IManufactures increased in number and wealth and 
enabled to pay a larger i)roportion towards the public and National 

Charges, and the value of their l>ands is also greatly enhanced 

"We therefore upon the whole Instruct you to endeavor that in 
the most huml)le dutiful and loyal terms such representations may 
be made to our most gracious King, of our Con-titutional & 
Charter Rights — of our unrivalled l^oyalty & Affection to his 
Person, Family &, Government [5G.J Of our acknowledged Con- 
ptitutional subordination to the su[)remo Legislative povver of the 
Nation, and of the hardships & grieveanees wuich ly;> u[)mu .:3 



230 City Document No. 88. 

under the opperatiou of the said Act, together with such humble 
su[)i)licatioa to his INIajest}', as may prevail upon him graciously to 
recommend its Repeal 

The above Report having been duly Considered, it was Voted 
unanimously thnt the same be accepted. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — Voted, that the afore- 
going Instruclions be printed in the public News Papers 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town bo and hereby are given to 
the Hon'"'''. James (Dtis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assemble'd at Faueuil Hall on Wednesday tlie 13"". of 
January A.D. 176)^. 

[57.] Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read. 

.Samuel Grant Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, and 
took the Oath respecting his paying and receiving Bills of Credit 
of the other Governments, as required by an Act of this Prov- 
ince 

The Committee appointed the 28"'. of October last " to consider 
of some Measures for employing the I'oor of the Town of Boston, 
by reviving the Linnen Manufacture, and in such other ways as 
shall be thougiit most bcnelicial " — Report 

That having Reported their Sentiments to tlie Town on the 22'* 
December last as to the carrying on the Li. men Manufacture and 
therein suggested their Opinion as to the great probability there 
was, that the making of Duck or Sail Cloth upon suitable encour- 
agement given, would employ the Poor and be fully as beneficial 
to the Public as any other Manufacture whatsoevei' though they 
wer(! not then able to inform the Town as to the process in making 
Duck or Sail Cloth, but as they expected answers to Letters they 
had wrote relative to this Article, they were in hopes wlien they 
should them, tiiey should be able to lay a Plan before the Town 
for carrying this Manufacture on in such a manner as to answer 
the grand design of the Town, viz'. — Em[)loying tiie Poor of 
it — 

And as the Committee were then desired l)y the Town to con- 
tinue their good oflices for effecting this Plan, the Committee 
accordingly "beg leave to Report — That they have received 
answers to the Letters referred to, & had a long conversation with 
a Gentleman who has been concerned in this Manufacture and 
procured such other inrormation about it, that they are of opinion 
the manufacturing of Duck or Sail Cloth, may be set up and car- 
ried on, so as to employ all the poor Women and Children of the 
Town and render it very beneficial to the Community. And there 
is this peculiar advantage in this jNIanufactin-e, that Duck can be 
made either with Flax or Hemp of our own growth or Forreign 



Boston Town Records, 17fiS. 231 

Haiiip, whi(jh can at all (iine.-i be [5S.] riocured aul so not liable 
t.) fail Ity reason of a drought, whereas tlie Li men Mauufaetiu'e 
de[)eudod wholly on the growth of Flax, has by sorrowful experi- 
ence failed h"retofore on tiiat Accoiuit to tlie groat detriment of 
this Town. Ihit for the effecting this Phm, it will be necessary 
tiiat Saital)le encouragement be given by the Public to such Per- 
sons as shall appear lo undertake and carry on the same ; and for 
this end tlie Coinniitlce would humbly propose — Fir-.t That the 
Government shoidd grant the use of the Alanufactury House in 
Boston to the Undertakers, for so long time as they shall continue 
to carry on the Manufacturing of Duck, Check or plain Linnen — 
Sfcondhi That a Sinn be immediately raised by Subscription and 
given to the Undertakers, for tlie purchasing Looms, Wheels and 
other Utensils, necessary for carrying on said Business; learning 
of Spinners and paying such other incidental Charges as may 
arise — Third!;/ — That for purchasing such a Stock fur carrying 
on this IMannfacture as will answer the good purposes proposed it 
will be necessary for the Undertakers to hire a considerable Sum 
of Money, for wdiich they must give their own personal security 
and pay the Interest thereof. 

And as the pro-^pect of advantage is not sufficient to induce any 
to engage in it witliont some assistance from such as arc of al)ility 
to afford it; The Committee would pro[)ose that a Subscription be 
opened for the Annual payment of such a Sum as each Person 
should incline to give for the space of Five Years ; this is to be 
given to the Undertakers to enable them to pay the Interest of the 
Moneys they shall borrow 

With this encouragement the Committee are in hopes some Per- 
sons of Character & Resolution will appear to undertake this 
JManufacture ; wdiich if any do and success attends the same, it 
will be not only a constant Employ to the Poor, but be greatly 
advantageous to the Town in many other respects; and this 
encouragement as proposed, the Committee api)reliend none can 
have any objection to ; and doubt not such a spirit and disposition 
will prevail in the Inhabitants, as that tliis Plan may be prosecuted 
in such a manner as the good effects of it may be, & continued 
[oO.j With the Inhal)itants of this Town and their Posterity 
forever. 

The Committee beg leave further to inf(jrm the Town, that M^ 
John Drown who now lives in the Factory, did make a pn)[K)sal 
that he would engage on certain Conditions to manufacture and 
deliver them Linuens at the same price they are imported from 
London; which i)roposal the Committee have carefully examined 
and considered ; and it appeared to them a very considerable Sum 
must have been advanced, lo enal)le them to carry on the >Linu- 
facture, lor which he could give no security ; And it further 
ai)pcared to the Committee tiiat it was not practicable for liiin to 
comply witii the proposals he liad made ; therefore they cannot 
advise the Town to [)ursue it at present 

But the Committee would recommend it to the Gentlemen who 
may undertake the making of Sail Cloth, if it should appear to 
them that Check Linnen can be made to advantage, that they 



2.')2 City Document No. 88. 

would employ some part of the Money subscribed to encournge 
that branch 

In the Name and by Order of the Committee 

John Barret 

The above Report having been read and considered, Voted, 
that the same be aecei)tcd, and that the Thanks of the Town be 
given the Gentlemen ^■f the Committee for the Pains they have 
taken in the affair also — 

Voted, that the Gentlemen of the above Committee be desired 
to procure Undertakers for the Execution of the Scheme ; and 
when Undertakers shall appear, the Town recommend to the 
Inhabitants a Subscription for said purpose — It was further 

Voted, that the Gentlemen who Represent the Town in General 
Assembly, be and hereby are desired to countenance & forward 
all in their power any application that may be made to the Court 
by the Undertakers for their Assistance in said Undertaking 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given Samuel Grant 
Esq. Moderator 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[60.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick 
Town Meeting Assembled at Fancuil Hall on Monday the li^. 

Day of March Anno Domini 17GS 

Prayer was made by the Rev''. D"". Cooper 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - read. 
Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting, were accord- 
ing read 

The IIou'^'^. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut New Hampshire and Rhode 

Island Governments as required by an Act of this Province. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing, 
and having taken the Oath respecting his paying & receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut and other Governments, took 
tiie Oath of Office for the faithful discliarge of his Duty, which 

Oaths were Administred to him by M"". Justice Dana 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted, it appeared that 
Coll". Joseph Jackson 
Samuel Sewall Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. (all sworn) 

William Phillips Esq. 
I\r. Timothy Newell 
John Rowc Esq. 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

[61.] The Town biought in tlieir Voles for Twelve Overseers 
of I lie Poor, and upon sorting them it app(^ared, that 



Boston Town Records, 1768. 233 

John Barrett Esq. 

Tlie IIoll'^'^ Royal Tyler Esq. 

M"". Beujamin Dolbear 

M^ WilUam Whitwell 

M^ William Greaulcaff 

William White Esq. 

M". Joseph Waldo 

John Leaveret Esq. 

John Gore Esq. 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

Thomas Tyler Esq. 

Cap'. John Bradford 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for tiie Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Thanks ot 
the Town be and hereby are given to Jonathan Williams Esq. for 

his good Services the Year p:ist as an Overseer of the Poor 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens, and 
upon sorting them, it appeared that, 

Henry Loyd Esq. ------ excused 

Jonathan Simpson Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

William Blair Townsend - - - d°. 

Cap'. John Marston 

Cap'. William Downe Cheever 

M". Nathan Hancock 

M''. Samuel Barrett 

INP. John Sweetser Jun^ 

M^ Hopestill Capon 

M'. John Mav 
[62.] M^ Samuel Dyer 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing. 

2 more see after 
The Town brought in their Votes for Sixteen Fire Wards and 
upon sorting them it appeared that 

John ScoUay Esq. 

Newman Grenough Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

William Cooper 

M^ John Mico Wendell 

Coll''. Thomas I\Iarshall 

William Homes Esq. 

M'. Joseph Tyler 

Cap'. Adino Paddock 

BP. James Richardson 

Maj^ James Cnniiingham 

Cap'. Benjaniin Waldo 

John Hancock Es(|. 

M''. Samuel Adams 

Cap'. Martin Gay 

Thomas Daws Esq. 
were chose Fire Wards for the Year ensuing. 



234 City Document No. 88. 

Cap'. William Dowue Checver having cloclined Serving as a Fin 
AYard by reason of his ill state of Health. — V^oted, that th; 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given him for his gool 

services in that Office some Years past 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the Thanks of the 
Town be & hereby are given to Jonathan Williams Esq. for his 

good services as a Fire-Ward some Years past 

[63.] Ihe Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer, 
& upon sorting them it appeared, that M^ David Jeffries was 
chosen & having taken the Oath relating to his paying and receiv- 
ing Bills of Credit of the other Governments ; took the Oaths of 
Office for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which Oaths were 

Administred to him by M'. Justice Dana 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — the Question was put — 
" Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sep- 

perate," — Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be Remitted out of the 
Ten Pound Fine to such Person as shall be chose into the Office 

of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Clerks of the 
Market, and upon sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". Benjamin Clark - - - excused 
Samuel Barrett - - - - d°. 
Edward Lyde Sworn 
Jchn Avery Jun"". d°. 
Cap'. Thomas Brattle 
Cap'. William Wingfield d^. 
M^ John Gridley 
M^ George Green 
M^ Thomas Pitts 
M'. John Cushing 
M'. Robert Duncan 
M^ John Gore Jun'. 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 



see two more. 



M^ John Gray 
was chosen Surveyer of Mem|) for the Year ensuing. 
[64.] Mess". William Nichols 
Andrew Symms 
Clement Collins 
Henry Allen 
Isaac Vergoose 
John Grenough 
Jacob Thayer 
Joseph Edmunds 
John Skillens 
John Seriieant 
Richard Walker 
John Chtimpny 
Samuel Turner 
John Bulfinch 

one more 



Boston Town Records, 17()8. 235 

were chose Surveyors of Boards & Shingles for the Yeai ensu- 
ing 

Mess". Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

Obcdiah Low 

Jolui Joy 

WiUuim Craffis 

were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Nathaniel Ganhier 

Samuel Whitwell 

were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

Mess". Ebenezer Mcintosh 

Samuel Bangs 

Williiim Andrews 

John Shei)herd - - - - Sworn 

William Stevenson 

were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing 

[65.] Mess", Peter Cotta 

Mancssch Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Ilaskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Rol)ert Brick Jun'. 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John Newell 

Joseph Phillips 

see more 

were chose Cullers of Staves for tlie Year ensuing 

Mess". David Simens 

Thomas Curtis 

were chose Hogreeves for tlie Year ensuing 

M^ Edward Curtis was chosen II ay ward for the Year ensu- 
ing 

The Selectujcn 

were chose Survcyers of Iligli Ways for the Year ensuing 

[G6.] Coll''. Joseph Jackson 

William Pliillips Esq. 

William Homes Esq. 



236 City Document No. 88. 

were chose Purchasers of Gr.iin for the Year eusning, and they 
are desir'd and empowered to give all needful Direction to the 
Keeper o-f ihe Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, 
and affixing the price thereof from Time to Time as occasion shall 

require 

Cap'. Martin Gay 
M\ John Skinner 

were chose Assay Master for the Year ensuing 

Voted that M^ Thomas Gray 

Ezekiel Gollhwait Esq. 
M^ Moses Gill 
M"". John Boylston 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Accompts 
of M"". Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accompts of the Overseers 
of the Poor, and the said Committee are eujoyned to inspect every 
particular Account of the Moui'ys Expended for the use of the 
Alms-house, they are also impowered when they shall Audit said 
Accompts to allow such of the Overseers as shall Advance Money's 
for the Relief of the Poor, Interest on all such Sums from the Time 

so advanced, till they shall have Audited said Accompts. 

John Tuder Esq. 
M"". John White 

were chose Surveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made & seconded, Voted, that the choice of a 

Clerk for Faneuil Hall Market, be left with the Selectmen 

[67.] Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that 

one Scaviuger be chosen out of ever}'' Ward 

Mess". Nathaniel Baker Ward N°. 1 

After Stoddard ---- 2 

Benjamin Page ---- 3 

Zachary Fowle -- -- 4 

Isaac Greenwood -- 5 

Daniel Flagg 6 

Ephraim Copeland 7 

Timothy White 8 

Nathaniel Hurd 9 

Oliver Wiswell 10 

JohnBartlett 11 

Thomas Chase 12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to inforce the Duty of the 
Scavingers upon them, and if they should find any Defect in the 
Laws relative to those Officers, that they Report the same to tJie 
Town, that they may act thereon as they may Judge conven- 
ient 

Voted, that M^ Ezekiol Price 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
be a Committee to bring in a form of a Vote relative to a Pre- 
mium for the Collectors of Taxes 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that the Sum of 



Boston Town Records, 17G8. 2.37 

Thirty Pounds be and boroby is alluwetl to James Clcnimens for 

bis Salary as Clerk ofFancuil Hall Market 

Voted, tbat the Consideration of .School ^Masters Salarys and all 

other Salarys & Grants be referred over to next May JNIeeting 

[G8.] The Inhaltitants brought in their Votes for Seven As- 
sessors and upon sorting them it appeared that 

U\ William Fairlield 

M^ John Kneelatid, 

^V. Benjamin Church 

Belcher Noj'es Esq. 

M'. William Torrey 

M''. Jonathan Brown 

W. Daniel Pecker 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

The Selectmen Reported on Accompts of M^ Benjamin Fenno 
Keeper of the Granary for the Year past, which Accompt as cn- 
tred in his Books (and on file in the Town Clerks Office) was read, 
whcreu|)on it was Voted, that tiie same be accepted, and tbat M^ 
Fenno be accountable to the Town for 810. Bushels of Indian Corn 
and <34: Bushels of Rye amounting to £l 12,, 10,, 8, and also for the 
Sum of £loo,, y,, 2^ Cash n(;w in his hands exclusive of the Sura 
of £.')2,, i;;5,, 4 for his Salary and Attendance as charged in his 
Accompt wliich is hereby allowed him. 

Voted, tliat the Assessors be and hereby an; impowered and 
directed, to set for the Abatement of such Taxes as they shall 
Judge reasonable on every Thursday till the lirst Thursday in April 
inclusive and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November, for the Abatement of the Taxes of such 
Persons as had not an Opportunity of applying on the above limitted 
Time, by reason <>( their being out of the Province ; at which Time 
they are also allowed and impowered to Abate the Taxes of such 
Persons, as may have died Insolvent between the said last Thurs- 
day in April and the last Day of November 

The Selectmen as a Committee ap|)ointed by the Town to [OJ).] 
Consider Mary I'ratts Petition, praying that an Allowance for 
Reasons therein mentioned, might be made on a Debt due from 
her late Husband P^benezer Pratt deceased, for Rent of Deer Island, 

have attended that Business and Reported 

That the Petitioners Reasons for the al)Ove mentioned Allowance 
taken from the Circumstances of the two Yeais Drought ITGl & 
17G2 — however otherwise well fountled. loose their weight in the 
present application, when we recollect that the said Pratts Contract 
was at that Tim(! with Thomas Goldthwait Esq. who then Leased 
the said Island of the Town, And under the present Lease her Fleas 
for Abatement of Rent would be more directly in favor of her Pe- 
tition, was the said Island Leased to her Husband the said Ebenezer 
Pratt only ; but M'. Samuel Pratt her surviving Brother held the 
Lease Jointly with hira, shared the Protit and now stands answer- 
able for the Rent 

On the other hand it must be allowed that the Family have suf- 
fered much by the Sickness and Death of their Parent, as well as 
other Circumstances which occurred during their residence on said 



238 City Document Xo. 88. 

F:inn, and have since the said Petition was brought hi' fore the 
Town, been obhgod to sell their Stovk at a low i ate and quit the 
Farm at the api)roach of hist Winter, which Oecurronces we ap- 
prehend rendered them Objects worthy of tlie Towns compas- 
pionate Notice — Wherefore your Committee beg leave to recom- 
mend to the Town an allowance of such a Sum as shall be deemed 
meet for their relief to be paid to the said Mary for the use of her 
Family out of the Rent for said Island coming to the Town on 
the last mentioned Lease, when the same shall be received into the 
Town Ti'easurery 

The above Report being read & considered, Voted, that the 
same be accepted, and that the Sum of Thirteen Pounds six Shil- 
lings and eight Pence be paid to the said Mary Pratt for the use 
of her Family out of the Rent for snid Island coming to the Town 
on the last mentioned Lease, when the same shall be received into 
the Town Treasury 

Adjourned to 3. O^Clock. P : M : 

[70.] Town mot according to adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. — " Whether Interest shall be 
Allowed on the Moneys left unpaid of the Sums Voted the late 
Samuel Wentworth and John Hill Esq. for their Interest on the 
Neck 1764. " was read and Considered, whereupon 

Voted, that Interest be and hereby is allowed on said Sums, 
from the Time when they become due, untill they shall be paid 
and discliarged 

The Committee respecting Collectors Premium Reported where- 
upon 



Voted, That the Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound be and 
hereby is allowed to such Persons as shall be chose Collectors of 
Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums as they shall Col- 
lect, provided they pay into the several Treasuries, the whole 
Sum committed to them to Collect on or before the tenth Day of 
August 17Gt). Eight Pence on tiie Pound on all such other Sums, 
as they shall have so paid in to said Treasurers on or before the 
20 Day of December 1769, and Four Pence on the Pound upon 
the remainder of the Sum they shall be obliged to Collect, pro- 
vided such remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the second 
Mon(]ay in March 1770 — this Premium as above expressed ap- 
pears to be Just & equitable, and an ample allowance to the Col- 
lectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty with diligence 
and fidelity — provided also that such of said Collector.-s give Bond 
with sufficient Sureties to the satisfaction of the Selectmen for the 
faithful discharge of their Duty in said OfTice, and complying with 
this Vote 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — Voted that 

Foster Hutchinson Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

M^ Edwaid Payne 
[71.] P:zekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Jonathan Williams Esq. 

M'. Ezekiel Price 



Boston Town Kecords, 17G8. 239 

be a Committee to Exnmiiio into the state of the Town Treasury, 
and to consider of some IMelliod lor the better transaeliug the Money 
Affairs of the Town for the future, and to make Report of the same 

next May Meeting 

The Town brouglit in their Votes for Twelve Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office and sworn are 
Mess". AugiKtns Hail 

Francis Salmon 

Peter Barbour 

Edward Baker - - - - excused. 

llezekiah Usher 

Lindsey George Wallis 

Daniel Berry 

Benjamin Adams 

see more. 
The Town brought in their Votes for a County Treasurer, which 
were sealed up and delivered to M^ Constable Lindsey George to 

be returned to the Court of Sessions 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, aad upon sorting them it appeared that 

]\P. Sampson Salter 

JM^ Edward IloUyday 

M^ Samuel Ruggles 

M^ Abraham Savage 

were chose into that Otlice 

The Town taking into consideration that Article in the Warrant 
Viz'. — '' Of such Methods as may be Judged necessary to pro- 
mote [73.] The carrying on the Manufactory of Duck lately 
undertaken by John Barrett Esq. and others, and granting them 
such encouragement & assistance towards prosecuting the same, 
as shall be effectual for the good purposes thereby proposed " — 
Voted, that 

M^ Ebenezer Storer 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M^ William Whitwell 

Thomas Daws Esq. 

M^ Joseph Waldo 

M^ Moses Gill 

M'. Samuel Austin 

M^ William Greanleaff 

M^ AVilliam Gray 

Cap'. Samuel Partridge 

AP. Nathaniel Barbour 

]\r. John Ballard 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to take Subscrip- 
tions of such Persons as sliall incline to encourage the Under- 
taking, the same to be applyed for the purposes mentioned in the 
Vote of the Town at their last Meeting. And it is recommended 
to said Committee tiiat they exert themselves to the utmost of 
their power to obtain Subscriptions, as the Town appreiiend tl.at 
if suitable Encouragement be given in this Affair and it lie prose- 
cuted with Kesolution, it must Employ great numbers of ibe Poor 



240 City Document No. S8. 

Persons who arc a burthen and Expence to the Town, and be 

otherwise very beneficial to the Inhabitants 

The Article in the Wairant, Viz'. — "That souie Agreement 
may be come into not to purchase any Lamb before a particular 
Time affixed by the Town," was read & considered whereupon 
Voted that M"". Benjamin Harrod 

Cap'. Fortesque Vernon 
John Tuder Esq. 
Cap'. William Mnckay 
[73.] Cap'. Jonathan Carey 

M^ Samuel Fletcher 
M''. Samuel Emms 
M'. Thomas Jackson 
]VP. Christopher Clark 
M''. John Presson 
M^ Henry Hill 
M'. James Swift 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to obtain Subscriptions 
to an Agreement not to purchase any Lamb untill the First Day 
of July next, and the Town recommend to the Inhabitants to 

Subscribe to so salutary a purpose 

The Committee appointed to Examine the Accompts of M'. 
David Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that Service, and 
find the same right Cast and well vouched ; in which he charges 
himself with Sundry Fines, Kents, and other Incomes of tlie Town, 
as also with the Tax of £5500 — all which amount to the Sum 

of £11285 ,, 11 ,, 5i including the balance of Old Account 

And the said Treasurer discliarges himself by sundry Abate- 
ments made the Collectors amounting to £819 ,, 3 ,, 9, by Drafts 
made by the Selectmen amounting to £3000 ,, 3 ,, ^ oi' which he 
has paid £2595 ,, 11 ,, 2^, and by Drafts made by the Overseers 
of the Poor which contain the Charges of the Almshouse amount- 
ing to £3150 ,, 19 ,, 1 of which he has paid £1873 ,, 6 ,, 5^ — 
also by sundry Sums paid for Interest amounting to £61 ,, 3 ,, 

8^ the whole amounting to £7639 ,, 19 ,, 8:^ 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very par- 
ticular manner; and have examined the Vouchers produced b}' 
Overseers of the Poor, for the amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of public Charge amounting in all as above to 
£7639 ,, 19 ,, 8^ as l)y Accompt of Town Treasurer in the Town 
Treasurers Books balance whereof being £3645 ,,11 ,, 9^ is 
carried to the Credit of New Accompt — Which Report & 
Accompt being read. Voted, that the same be and hereby is ac- 
cepted 

[74.] That Article in the Warrant Viz'. — " That some 
Measures may be come into to prevent Frauds in the Measure of 

Indian Meal &c." was read and Considered, whereupon 

Voted, that AP. Samuel Blodget 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
M^ George Bethune 
Coll". John Hill 
Benjamin Hallowell Esq. 



BosTOx Towx Kkcouds, 17G8. 241 

be a Committee to ttike this jNIatter into further Considerutiou, 

and IJeport and the Adjournment 

1 he Artiele in the Warrant Viz'. — '-What ma}' be proper to 
be done for the preservation and improvement of the Towns 
Land on the Neck" was read and eonsiilered, whereupon 
Voted, that M'. James Richardson 
M'. Henderson Inches 
W. WilUam Whitwell 
INr, Edward Pavue 
M^ Thomas Walley 
be a Committee to Consider of this Matter, and Report at the 
Adjournment. 

The Article in the Warrant, Viz'. — " To enquire into the state 
of the Grist ]Mills, and the Re:isou why that near the Bridge has 
been so long unimproved " and determine what is necessary 
to be done relative to said Mills" was read and debated, 
whereupon 

V^oted, that John Tuder Esq. 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq*". 
John Barret Esq. 
be a Committee to Consider of tliis Matter, and Report at the 
Adjuurnm'. 

The Petiiion of M^ Samuel Adams a late Collector of Taxes 
praying. " that a further Time may be allowed him to Collect his 
Outstanding Debts, that he may be enabled thereby to compleat 
the Obligation [75.] Of his Bond " was read and largely debated, 
whereupon 

Voted, tliat the Prayer of the Petition be granted, and that a 
further Time of Six Months be allowed him for Collecting his 
Taxes, and that the Treasurer be directed to stay Execution untill 
that Time 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. — "To consider of the Re- 
quest of a number of the Inhabitants, that the Town would come 
into some Methods for the prevention of Frauds in the purchase 
of Hay and Wood ; and also wliether further Measures may not 
be taken for the Assistance of the Assessors rehitive to Dooming 
the Inhabitants" was read and debated whereupon, 
Voted, that M^ Samuel Blodgett 
S;imuel Swift Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
be a Committee to Consider of these blatters & Report at the 
Adjournment. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that the Thanks of 
the Town be given to the Author of a course of Letters lately 
published and signed A Farmer, and that . - - 
D^ Benjamin Church 
John Hancock Esq. 
M"'. Samuel Adams 
D^ Joseph Warren 
John Rowe Esq. 
be a Committee to prepare and publish a Letter of Thanks ac- 
cordingly 



242 City Document No. 88. 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourued to Thursday the 22**. 
Dny of March lust'. 1 O'Clock A : M : 

Tuesday the 22^ March 1768 — 10 O'Clock A:M: Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Constables, the 
Persons chose into that Office are 

[76.] Mess". Benjamin White 
Edward Hall 
Samuel Bernard 
Stephen Symms 
John Wells 

The Town brought in their Votes for two Clerks of the Market, 
and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
M^ Samuel Calf 
M^ Nicholas Bowes 
were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing 

The Committee on the Farmers Letters having Reported, had 
leave of the Town to Report again 

The Petition of M'. James Dalton " that he may be reimbuised 
the Sum he remains indebted for compleating the Pavement of the 
New Street leading from Water Street into Milk Street " was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that— M'. AVilliam Fairfield 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
be a Committee to take the same into Consideration and Report as 
soon as may be 

M"". Samuel Adams a late Collector of Taxes came into Meeting 
and informed the Inhabitants, that he should at the expiration of 
the term allowed by the Town for the Collecting /or Collecting his 
Taxes, by their Vote the 14 Instant lay a state of his Affairs 
before the Town 

The Petition of M'. James Carter Usher of the North Writing 
School "that a further Allowance be made him," was read, 
whereupon 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to take this Petition into Consideration, & Report as soon 
as may be [77.] Agreable to a printed Notification it was moved 
& seconded, that the Votes passed on Monday last on the Memo- 
rial of M'. Samuel Adams Viz'. — "That a further Time of Six 
Months be allowed him for Collecting his Taxes ; and that the 
Treasurer be directed to stay Execution untill that Time" be now 
Re-Considered ; and after considerable debate had thereon the 
Question was accordingly put, which passed in the Negative by a 
great majorit}- 

Adjourned 'to 3 O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

Jurors were drawn out of the Box for April Court, and a List 

delivered to ]\P. Constable Barbour 

M^ Abraham Howard 
was chosen a Surveyer of IJoards, for the Year ensuing 

The Committee appointed to enquire into the state of the Grist 



Boston Toavn Records, 17G8. 2-13 

Mills, Reported, and the Question being put — " Whether the 
same shall 1)C acrepted — Passed in the Negative 

The Town brought in their Voti's for Two Wardens, and upon 

sorting them it appeared, that 

James Murray - - - - excused 
M^ Thomas Leveret 
were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Connnittee relative to Frauds in Wood & Hay &c. made 
a Verbal Report, and had tlie leave of the Town to Report 
again 

The Town taking into further Consideration the Petition of M'. 
Samuel Adams a late Collector ''that a further Time may be al- 
lowed him [78.] To Collect his Outstanding l)el)ts," &c. 
Voted, that The Moderator M'. Otis 
Richard Dana E-q. 
John Hancock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be and hereby are appointetl a Committee to wait upon the Prov- 
ince Treasurer and I\P. Sheriff Greanleaff to desire that the War- 
rant of Distress or Execution issued by the Province Treasurer 
against the said M''. Samuel Adams a defective Collector for this 
Town 1704 may be stayed for Six Months 

The following Letter was Reported b}- the Committee appointed 
for that purpose — Viz'. 

To the ingenious Author of certain i)atriotick Letters, Subscribed 

a Farmer 

Much Res2)ected iSir 

When the Rights and Liberties, of the numerous and Loyal 
Inhabitants of this extensive Continent are in imminent Danger 
— when the inveterate Enemies of these Colonies are not more 
assideous to forge Fetters for them, then deligent to delude the 
People, and to persuade them to an indoL'nt Acquiescence : At this 
alarming Period, when to Reject is deemed to Revolt, and to op;;ose 
such Measures as are injudicious and destructive, is construed as 
a formal Attempt to subvert Order and (iovernment; when to 
Reason is to Rebel ; and a ready submission to the Rod of Power, 
is solicited by the Tenders of Place & Patronage, or urged by the 
menace of danger and disgrace ; Tis to you worthy Sir ! that 
America is obliged for a most seasonable, sensible loyal ct vigor- 
ous Vindication of her invaded Rights & Liberties : Tis to you the 
distinguished Honor is due ; that when many of the Friends of 
Lil)erty were ready to fear its utter Subversion : Armed with 
Truth, sup[)orted by the immutable Laws of Nature, the common 
Inheritance of Man, and leaning on tlu' Pillars of the British Con- 
stitution ; you seasonably l)rought your Aid. oi)posed impending 
Ruin [79.] Awakened the most indolent and inactive to a sense 
of danger, reanimated the hopes of those, who had before extn-ted 
themselves in the Cause of Liberty, and instructed America in the 
best means to obtain Redress. 

Nor is this Western World alone indebted to your Wisdom, 
Fortitude and Patriotism ; Great Britain also may be coniirmed 
by you, that to be truly great and successful she must be Just: 



244 City Document No. 88. 

That to Oppress America is to violate her own Ilouonrs, defeat 
her brightest Prospects, aod contract her spreading Empire 

To such eminent Worth and Virtue the Inhabitants of tlie Town 
of Boston, the Capitol of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in full Town Meeting Assembled, express their earliest Gratitude : 
Actuated Ihemselves by the same geneious Principles, which 
api)ear with so much Lustui-e in your useful Labours, tliey will 
not fail warmly to recoaimeud, and industriously to promote that 
Union among the several Colonies, which is so indispensal)ly 
necessary for the security of the whole 

Tho : such superior Merit, must assuredly in the closest Pecess, 
enjoy the divine satisfaction of having saved & possibly saved 
this People ; tho' vield from our view, you modestly shun the de- 
served applause of Millions; permit us to intrude upon your Re- 
tirement, and salute the Farmer as the Friend of Americans^ and 
the common Benefactor of Mankind 

The above Letter was read, and unanimously accepted by 
the Town, and ordered to be published in the several News 

Papers 

John Powell 
was chosen a Warden for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made by Coll" Jackson tlie Vote passed October 
9. 1767 relative to a Gun House was read — and the Question 
being put, viz' — Whether it be the sense of the Town that the 
Selectmen are by said Vote impowered to Erect another Building 
for said Service in such place as they shall think convenient — 
Passed in the Affermative 

[80.] M^ Henry Lucas 
was chosen a Culler of Staves for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the General Town 
Meeting in May next 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given to the Hon'''''. James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders ai.d other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town Meet- 
ing Assembled at Faueuil Hall on Wednesday the 4"^ Day of May. 

Anno Domini 17G8 

Praj'cr was made by the Rev''. Samuel Blair 

The Precept and Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - 
read 



Sundry Laws read 

[81.] Joseph Jackson Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed 
in their Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to the 
choice of one or more Persons to Reprcsf>nt them in the Great & 
General Court or Assembly to be held i;i Boston upon We Inesdav 
the 25 Day of May Current, and in order thereto to consider and 



Boston Town Kecords, 17(18. 245 

assertain tlic number of Gentlemen to l)o Elected ; accordingly it 
was Voted to i)rocecd to the choice of Four Hepreseutatives anil 
then it was declared by the Selectmen, that no Votes will bo 
received but such as are unfolded, aud that they propose the Poll 

shall be closed at 12. O'Clock 

The Votes being brought in the Number of the same were found 
to be -140. and upon sorting them it appeared that the Four fol- 
lowing Gentlemen were chose — Viz*. 

The Ilon'^'^ James Oiis Esq. 410 

The Hon''''". Thomas Gushing Esq. - - - - 433 

]\r. Samuel Adams 432 

John Hancock Esq. 414 

The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw aud bring in 
their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting, in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other Affairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought 
in their Votes, and u[)On sorting them it appeared, that the Hon''''. 
James Otis Esq. was chosen 

To the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Boston in Town 
Meeting Assembled May 4. 17G8 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual 
Meeting the 8. of May 17G7 desiring the Selectmen to visit the 
several public Schools in the Town, and to invite such Gentlemen 
to accompany them therein as they should think proper, and to 

Report thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that service OQ 
Wednesday the First Day of July last accompanied by the fol- 
lowing [8^.] Gentlemen, Viz'. 

The Hon'"''-'. James Bowdoin Esq. 

Nathaniel Sparhawk Esq. 

Andrew Oliver Esq. 

Thomas Hubbard Esq. 

Harrison Gray Esq. 

John Erving Esq. 

Thomas Flucker Esq. 

James Pitts Esq. 

The Representatives of the Town 

The Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev'*. Joseph So wall D. U. 

Charles Chausey D. D. 

Mather Byles D. D. 

M^ Samuel Mather 

M^ Samuel Checkley 

M''. Ebenezer Pemberton 

M^ Andrew Eliot 

M^ Samuel Cooper 

M'. Samuel Checkley 

M^ Samuel Blair 

M'. Penuil Bowen 

M^ Semion Howard 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 



246 City Document No. 88. 

Willinm Vassal Esq. 
W. Morctou 
M^ John Edwards 
M'. William D. Clieever 
M"". Loring 
M'. John Joy 
D"". John Sprague 
M^ Treasurer .Jeffries 
Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 
M^ Edward Payne 
[83.] M^ John Boylston 

Cap'. Nathaniel Greenwood 
Newman Grenongh Esq. 
M^ Thomas Grenough 
The Hon'''". James Otis Esq. 
And found the South Grammar School had 147 Scholars; the 

Writing 
North Grammar School 35 Scholars ; the South Orammar School 
270 Scholars the North Writing School 284 Scholars ; the 
Writing School in Queen Street 217 Scholars; all in very good 

order 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to visit the public Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 

may think proper 

Voted, th:it this Meeting be Adjourned to o O'Clock P : M : 
3. O'clock P : M : Met according to adjournment. 
Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be directed to assertain the Town of the Sums of Money 
which the}' have hired upon Interest, which was accordingly done 
by the Treasurer 

Voted, that the Snm of One hundred and twenty Pounds be al- 
lowed and paid unto M^ John Lovel for his Salary' as Master of 
the South Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be 
l)aid him quarterly, as it shall become due, & to commence at the 
expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voti'd, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed & paid 
unto M^ Samuel Hunt, for his Salary as Master of the North 
Grammar School, for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid him 
Quarterly, as it shall become due, and to commence at the expira- 
tion of tlie last Quarter 

[84:.] Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be al- 
low'd and paid unto M^ Abiah Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master 
of the Writing School in the Common for the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to 

commence at the expiiation of tlie last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allow'd and 
paid untoM^ John Procter for his Salary as Master of the Writing 
School in Queen Street for the Year ensuing, the same to be paid 
him Quarterly as it shall heeome due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hinidred Pounds be allowed and 



Boston Town Tvi-cords, 1708. 247 

paid unto M'. Jolm Tileston, for Ills Salnrv us Mristor of tliG 
North Writing ScIkk)! tlie ensiiiny; Year, the sain;' to ija paiil liini 
Quarterly as it siiall become due, ami to commence at the exidra- 
tiou of the last (Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum <tf Sixty Pounds be allowed and |)aid unto 
W. .lames Lovel for his Salaiy as Usher of the South (Jrainmar 
School, for the ensuing Year, the same to lie paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due and to commence at the expiration of the 
last (^uai ter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allow'd and paid 
unto M^ James Lovel as an encouragement for him to remain and 
exert himself in the Service of the Town the ensuing Y'ear ; the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due & to com- 
mence at the expiration of the lust (Quarter. 

That Article in the Wan-ant (Viz'.) " Whether the Town will 
take any measures to supply the vacancy at the School in Queen 
Street, occasioned by M^ Ilolyokes Death " was read & considered, 
wheieupon 

[85.] Voted, that M^ James Carter, who has for some 
I'ears past been an Assistant to M^ John Tileston, be and hereby 
is appointed an Usher to the Writing Lchool iu (^ueeu Street, of 
which M". John Procter is now Master. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid u ito 
M"". James Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in 
Queen Street the Y'ear ensuing, the same to be paid him Quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Twenty live Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto I\P. James Carter as an encouragement for him to 
exert himself in the Service in the Town the ensuing Y'ear, the 
same to be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sum of Fifty Pounds be allowed & paid unto 
M'. Abiah Holbrook Master of the AV riling School in the Com- 
mon for providing an Assistant the ensuing Year, the same to 
be paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at 
the ex[Mratiou of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid out of the Town Treasurer unto M'. David Jeffries for liis 
services as Treasurer of the Town the Y'ear iKist, and for all his 
Expenccs in that Ollice 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hei-cby is directed and 
impowered to allow the several School blasters Intei-est on the 
Sums due to them from the Date of their Warrants to the Tinu- of 
pa^'ment 

Voted, that the Sum of Six thousand Pounds ])e raised by a Tax 
upon Polls & Estates within this Town, for Relief of tin- Poor, tt 
defreying other necessai'V Charges arising within the Town the 
ensuing Y'ear 

[<S(>.] L'pon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that the 
Town Treasurer Ite, and ho hereby is desireil and imi)0\vered to 
borrow on Interest the Sum of One hundred thirl v three Pounds 



248 City Document No. 88. 

six Shillings and eight Pence, for the use of the Overseers of the 

Poor, to purchase Grain &°. for the Almshouse 

see further. — 
Th:3 Petition of a uuniber of Inhabitants " that application may 
be made to the General Assembly at the next Session, that the 
Town may be impowered by Law to choose an additional Number 
of Fire- Wards " — w:is read, and after Debate had thereon the 
Question being put, Whether the Prayer of the Petition shall be 

grantel — Passed in the Negative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded — Voted, that at the Annual 
Town Meeting in March next, there shall be One Lire-Ward chosen 
out of each of the Wards in this Town, the Number allowed by 

Law permitting it 

The Petition of William Cooper Town Clerk "that the Select- 
men may be permitted to allow him for his extra Services the Year 
past, as had been allowed him and the former Clerk in preceeding 
Years, a doubt having arisen in their Minds as to the propriety of 
their doing it without the permission of tlie Town" — was read 

and debate had thereon whereupon 

Voted, that The IIon'^'^ James Pitts, Esq. 
The Hon'''«. Royal Tyler Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
The IIon'"^ Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
The Hon'''". Thomas Flucker Esq. 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to take the same into 
Consideration, and they are desired to Report at tlie Adjourn- 
ment 

The Clause in the Warrant Viz'. " Whether a new Gun House 
shall be Erected of Brick, for the use of the Train of the Artillery 
belonging to the Regiment of Boston," was read, whereupon 

[87.] Voted, that the Selectmen be and herrby are directed 
and impowered to cause to be Erected as soon as may be a Gun 

House of Brick, for the use of the said Train of Artillery. 

The Clause in the Warrant (Viz'.) — Whether the Town will 
take any Measures to encourage the Erecting of the New JNlills on 
the Mill Creek as has been proposed," was read — whereupon 
Voted, that E-zekiel GokUhwait Esq. 
INF. Edward Payne 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
Joshua Heushaw Esq. 
John Barrett Esq. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration, and Re- 
port their Opinion at the Adjournment 

That Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) "To consid- r of some 
proper Representations to be made respecting the Difficulties the 
Trade labours under by means of the late -Regulations, and Methods 
to be taken for our Relief " was read — whereupon Voted, that 
M^ Henderson Inches 
Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 
The Hon*''^ James Otis, Esq. 
D'. Joseph Warren 
D^ Benjamin Church 



Boston- Towx Records, 1708. 24f) 

^^^ SnmiK 1 Ad:uns 
The Hon''"''. 'Ihoinas Cashing E3q. 
John Rowe Esq 
be and hereby tiro a[)p<)intc(l a Coininiitec to take the same into 
Consideration and lve[)ort at the Adjournment 

The Committee ai)])ointed the 14"\ Day of Marcli last, to procnre 
Snbseri|)tions from the Inhabitants of lliis Town for carrying on 
the JNIannlaeture of Dnck, or Sail Cloth, and for encouraging & 
assisting [88.] The Gentlemen who have undertaken the same 
— Report, that since their Appointment they have used their ut- 
most Endeavours to get .Subscriptions for the Sums that the Town 
Judged necessary to be raised for the Undertakers in order to 
enable them to begin and carry on said Manufacture, having m ide 
personal application to almost every Inhal:>itant that the Committee 
apprehended was of Ability to afford any Assistance ; but it is 
with concern that the Committee must inform the Town that their 
endeavours have not met with tliat success they expected, having 
been able to get Subscribed but about One hundred & (ifty Pounds 
being half the Sum thought necessary to be i)aid down for the 
purchase of Utensils, and about One hundred Pounds as an annual 
subscription for five and Seven Years, l)eing but a third |>artof the 
Sum Judged necessary to be raised Annu.dly for carrying on this 
Manufacture, and effecting the good end proposed by tlie Town. 

The above report having been read — V«)ted, lluit said Commit- 
tee be desired to use their best endeavours to obtain furtiier Sub- 
scriptions for the purposes aforesaid 

To the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Boston in Town 

Meeting Assembled May 4 : 17(58 

Gentlemen 

We the Subscribers having undertaken to carry on the Manu- 
facture of Duck or Sail Cloth in this Town on our own account 
and risque, upon the Pi'oposals and terms mentioned in the Report 
of the Town Committee, made the 13"'. of January la>t, which 
was unanimously accepted by the Town, and the Encouragement 
therein given to the Undertakers Judged by the Town to be nec- 
essary ; another Committee was then chose to obtain Subscriptions 
from the Inhabitanis for that pur|)Ose who wo are assureil have 
diligently ap[)ly'd themselves to this service, but it is with concern 
we find ])}■ their Report made this Day, that the whole of the Sub- 
scriptions they have been able to procure, are greatly short of the 
Sum Judged absolutely necessary for setting up and carrying on 
this Man\ifacture, so'^as to establish it in [8J).] The manner 
proposed, viz'. -^ that it might be a dayly and constant Employ- 
ment for the Poor. "We would isiform the Town that considering 
the good ends designed by this Manufacture, and no ways doubt- 
ing but the Encouragement proposed l)y the Selectmen would be 
obtained, we have since the said 13"'. of January sj^eut much 
Time, taking great pains and been at some expenee in our prep- 
arations for entring upon this new ■Manufacture, and we should 
have thought ourselves happy in being Instruments of establishing 
the s.ame,"as it would have been sucli a constant employ lor the 
Poor, and been a means of extricating the Town from the heavy 



250 City Document Xo. 88. 

Kx[)ence incurred iu suppoitiug them. We cnnt but express our 
surprize that :i Manufacture so beneficial to the Town in general, 
and the Poor iu particular should meet with so small encourage- 
ment especially from the most wealthy of lis Inhabitants, many 
of whom have refused contributing any thing to this Undertak- 
ing. It has been suggested by some that the profits arising to 
the Undertakers will be a sufTicicnt encou:agement to set up and 
carry on this Manufacture at their own Kxpence and risque, 
such Persons must be very ignorant of tliis Affair; our design in 
pursuing this Bus;iness is not to enrich ourselves, but for employ- 
ing the many Poor we have in the Town and giving them a Live- 
lihood. We do now openly propose that if any of these Gentlemen 
or others of the Inhabitants will in our stead undv^rtake & carry 
on this Manufacture, so as that the Poor may be Employed, 
we will now chearfully give up our right to the Manufactory House 
(generously granted us by the Genernl Court) and to all the 
Moneys Subscribed, and will be glad to be Subscribers ourselves. 
We think we have done everything in our power to employ the 
Poor, tho' it is like to fail of success, through the insufficiency of 

the Subscriptions 

John Barrett, 
ezekiel goldtiiwait 
Meletiah BoL'RN 
Edward Payne 
Henderson Inches 

[90.] Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are api)oiuted a Committee to act upon the List of Jurors. 

Samuel Swift and Thomas Daws, Esq", two of the Committee 
appointed on the 14 Day of March last "• To consider of the Re- 
quest of a number of the Inhabitants that the Town would come 
into some Methods for the prevention of Frauds in the purchase 
of Hay and Wood ; and also whether further Measures may not 
be taken for the Assistance of the Assessors relative to Doomiug 
the Inhabitants " having desired to be excused from that service, 
were accordingly excused by the Town, and M^ Joseph Henderson 
and W. James Richardson were appointed in their stead 

A Motion was then made and seconded to reconsider that part 
of the above Vote respecting the Assessors, and the Question 
being put it passed in the Negative. 

Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are directed to furnish 
the above Committee with the Books and Papers they may re- 
quire 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, Thai the Selectmen 
be directed to refuse the use of Faneuil Hall to his Excell^. the 
(Jovernor and Council on the Ensuing Election Day unless they 
shall be ascertained that the Connnissiouers of the Board of Cus- 
toms, or their Attendants aie not to be invited to dine there on 
said Day 

The Committee appointed the 22'^. of March last to consider the 
Petition of M'. James Dalton, praying, '" that he maybe reim- 
bursed the Sum he remains indebted for compleatiug the pave- 
meut of the new Street boding from Water Street to Milk Street." 



Boston Town Records, 1768. 251 

Reported — That tho}' had heard INP. Dalton and compared his 
Petition with the Town Grant, and apprehend there is nulliing 
fnlly due to him from the Town 

[91.] The Report on the other side having been read, the 
Qnestion was put, Whether the s:irae shall be accepted — Passed 
in the Affermativc 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjonrned to Monday the 23''. of 
May Instant 10 0"Ch)clc Before Noon 

May 2'^. 10. O'Clock A : IM : Met according to Adjournment 

The Committee to whom was referred the Consideration of the 
Petition of William Cooper Town Cleric — Report that having met 
and fnlly heard the wiihin named William Cooper in support of 
his wiihin mentioned Petition, with the OI)jectioiis of the -Seli-ct- 
jnen of Boston against it (excei)t two of them who appe.-ired & 
made no Obje<;tions) and after viewing the Selectmens Minute 
Books of many Years past, and enquiring of diverse of the Select- 
men of Boston, do find that it hath been the constant nsnge an 1 
praciise of tiie Selectmen in passing the Accounts of the Town Cleric 
to allow them from Fifteen to Seventeen Pounds lawful Money by 
the Year for tlieir Extraordinaiy Services over and above their 
particular Annual Accounts; that for several Years past tlie 
present Clerk has been allowed twenty Pounds a Year for such 
services, saving the two last Years, in which tliey have made him 
no Allowance at :dl for them ; That upon comparing the said M^ 
Coopers Accounts of particulars for those two Years with diverse 
of his former Accounts as well as of the Accounts of his imme- 
diate Predecessors, they can see no reason for denying him a meet 
reward for his extra services in those Years; especialh' consider- 
ing that besides the nsnal extra services in tho>e two Years, as 
well as in former Years, the drawing Orders Certificates Writing 
Letters, and drawing other Writings, attending on Subscribers for 
promoting Oeconomy the last Year, require considerable labour & 
expend much Time, besides his constant Personal attendance on the 
Selectmen at their Meetings, other than their stated ones &,'^. &.'. 
wliicii last Article of [93.] Attendance alone, at the rate of the 
Town Clerks allowance for their stated Meetings amounts in the 
last Year to above Eleven Pounds of lawful Money — Wherefore 
upon the whole the Committee are unanimously of Opinion, that 
the said lAP. Cooper deserves at least Seventeen Pounds of lawful 
INIoney a Year lor his extra services in each of the two Years 
past, amounting in the whole to Tliirty four Pounds of like Money 
over and above the amount of his Account of Particulars for each 
of those two Years, which have l)eeii already allowed him. All 

which is humlily submitted &*= 

James Pitts, p Order 

The above Report liaving been read, and very fully Considered, 
the Question was |Mit. Viz'. — Whether the above Report shall be 
acce|)ted — Pas-^ed in the Afferniative 

Voted, tliat all JNIattiMs and things which remain nnlinislied at 
this Meeting be and hereby are refened over to the next General 
Town Meeting, to be then Considered of, and acted upon at said 
Meetino: 



;52 City Docuiment No. 88. 

Voted, unauimoiisly, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
sre given to the Honourable James Otis Esq. the Moderator of 
ihis Meeting for dispatching the liusiness thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[93.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
)f the Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in public 
Town Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 23*^. 
Day of May. Anno Domini. 17G8 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read 

The Ilon*"'^. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut New Hampshire & Rhode Island 
Governments, as required by an Act of this Province 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Three O'Clock. P : M : 

3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment 

A letter from Samuel Sewall & William Phillips Esq". & M^ 
Timothy Newell late Selectmen was laid before the Town 

The Town took up the Clause in the Warrant relative to the 
choice of three Selectmen in the room of Samuel Sewall, & William 
Phillips Esq. and M''. Timothy Newell who have Resigned, and 
after some debate respecting the legality of choosing others in the 
I'oom of those who had Resigned, after having accepted and acted 
as Selectmen, since March last — the Question was put, Viz'. — 
Whether the Town will now proceed to the choice of three Select- 
men ; but a doubt arising respecting the Vote, a Poll was de- 
manded on the Question, by M^ Christopher Clark, and upon 
Polling it appeared that the Town was in the Affermative 

The Town proceeded to the Choice of Three Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in sort^'d, it appeared, that 

[94.] Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
M^ Henderson Inches 
were chose Selectmen for the remainder of the Year 

Tlie Clause in the Warrant Viz'. — "To take the Sense of the 
Town with Respect to an Excise on spirituous Liquors, and to 
Instruct the Representatives of the Town thereupon, if it should 
be Judg'd convenient, agreable to the recommendation of the 
House of Representatives to the several Towns in the Province at 
the last Session of the General Assembly — was read and debated, 
whereupon 

Voted, that it be and hereby is an Instruction to the Represen- 
tatives of this Town, that they use their influence in the General 
Assembly at the ensuing Session, that there may not be anj' 
Excise laid upon Spirituous Liquors in any shape whatsoever 

I\P. Blodgett. Chairman of the Towns Committee i-elative to 
Assessors, made a verbal Repoit, and also complained of the 
treatment they had received from the Assessors upon application 
made to them for the Tax Book's 

Moved and seconded, that there be a re-consideration of the 



Boston Towint Records, 17G8. 253 

Vote appointing a Committee to examine the Assessors Books &°. 
and the Question being accordingly put — Passed tlie Afferma- 
tive 

It was moved and accordingly put, That there be a reconsidera- 
tion of a late Vote enjoining the Selectmen to refuse the use of 
Faneuil Hall to his Excellency the (Governor & Council on the 
ensuing Election Day unless they shall be ascertained that tiie 
Commissioners of the Board of Customs or their Attendants are 
not to be Invited to dine there on said Day — which (Question 
passed in the Negative almost unanimously. 

[1)5.] Upon a motion made and seconded Voted, tliat the 
Town Treasurer be and he hereby is impowered to I)orrow on 
Interest the further Sum of Sixty six Pounds thirteen Shillings, 
and four I'ence for the use of the Overseers of the Poor, to pur- 
chase Graiu & for the Almshouse 

The Committee relative to Grist Mills not being ready to Report 
at this Time, were desired to Rei)ort, the next Town Meeting 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain untinislied at 
this Meeting, be referred over to the next Town Meeting to be 
then considered of and acted upon at said Meeting 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Ilon'''^ James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a legal Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhal)itant3 
of the Town of Boston at Faneuil Hall June 14"* : Anno. Dom : 



17G8 

The Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - Read 

The Hon'''*. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the usual Oaths, respecting paying and Re- 
ceiving Bills of the New England Governments 

[9G.] Faneuil Hall not being capacious enough to receive all 
the Inhal)itants assembled, and those within the Walls being in- 
commoded by the crowd — A IMotiou was made and it was accord- 
ingly Voted, that this Meeting be Adjoui-ned to Meet at the Old 
South Church ; at which place the Inhabitants Met according to 
Adjournm'. 

After ver^' cool and deliberate Debates upon the distressed 
Circumstances of the Town, and the present critical Situation of 
their Affairs, it was unanimously, Voted, that 

The Hon""'". .James Otis Esq. Moderator 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 

Josei)h Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M'. Henderson Inches 

D'. Thomas Youn^ 



254 City Document No. 88. 

D^ Joseph Warren 

The Hon'''^ Thomas dishing Esq. 

ISV. Samuel Adams 

D"". Benjamin Church 

Samuel Quiiicy Esq. 

M''. Edward Payne 

Cap'. Daniel Malcomb 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

The Hon'''^ Royal Tyler Esq. 

M"". Josiah Quiiicy 
be & hereby are appointed a Committee to wait on his Excellency 
the Governor of the Province, with the following Petition — 

Viz'. 

[97.] Province of "^ To His Excellency Francis Bernard 

the [ Esq. Governour and Commander 

Massachusetts [ in Chief, in and over said Prov- 

Bay J ince and Vice Admiral the same. 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston in Town Meeting legally 

Assembled 

Humbly Shew 

That your Petitioners consider the British Constitution as the 
Basis of their safety and happiness ; By that is established no 
Man shall be goveru'd nor taxed but by himself or Representative 
legally and fairly chosen ; and in which he does not give his own 
consent. In open violation of these fundamental Rights of Brit- 
ons, Laws & Taxes are imposed on us to which we have not only not 
given our consent but against which we have most firmly Remon- 
strated — Dutil'ul Petitions have been preferred to our most gracious 
Sovereign, which (though to the great consternation of the People, 
we now learn, have been cruelly and insiduously prevented reach- 
ing the Royal Presence) we have waited to receive a Gracious 
answer to, with the greatest attention to the publick ])eace, untill 
we find ourselves invaded with an armed force, Sioziug, impress- 
ing the Persons of our fellow Subjects contrary to express Acts 
of Parliament. Menaces have been thrown out, fit only for Barba- 
rians which already effect us in the most sensible manner, and 
threaten us with Famine & Desolation, as all Navigation is ob- 
structed, upon which alone our wliole support depends, and the 
Town is at this Crisis in a Situation nearly such, as if War was 
formally declared against it. To contend with our Parent State 
is in our Idea the most shocking and dreadful Extremity ; but 
tamely to relinquish the only security we and our Posterity retain 
of the enjoyment of our Lives & Properties, without one struggle 
is so humiliating and base, that we cannot supp(jrt the Reflection ; 
we apprehend Sir, [1)8.] That it is at your option, in your power, 
and we would hope in your inclination, to prevent this distressed 
and Justly incensed People, from effecting too much, and from 
the shame and re[)roach of attempting too little. 

As the Board of Customs have thought fit, of their own motion 
to relinquish the exercise of their Commission here, and as we 



Boston Town Records, 1768. 255 

canuot but hope, that being eouviuced of the irn[)ropriety and in- 
justice of the appoiiitnient of a Hoard, with such enoraious power, 
and the inevitable (Ustructiou which wonkl ensue from the exercise 
of their office, will never reasuine it. We flatter ourselves your 
Excellenc}' will iu tenderness to this People, use the best means iu 
3 our power, to remcn'e the other grieveauce, we so Justly com- 
plain of, and issue your immediate Order to the Commander of 
his Majestys Ship Komney, to remove from this Harbour, 'till we 

shall be ascertained of the Success of our Applications. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bouud & 
Upon a motion made and seconded, Voted, that 
John Koue Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
D^ Joseph Warren 
be a Committee to wait on his Excellency, to know when he would 

be pleased to receive the Towns Petition 

The above Counnittee having Reported, tliat liis P^xcellency was 
at his Country Seat ; it was Voted, that the Committee to preseut 
the Petition of this Town to the Governor be desired to proceed 
immediately to his Seat at Roxbury in order to present the 

same 

Upon a Motion made nnd Seconded, Voted, tliat 

The Hon'''". James Otis Esq. Moderator 
Joshua Henshaw Esq. 
Joseph Jackson Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
[99.] John Rowe Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M^ Henderson Inches 

D^ Thomas Young 

D'. Joseph Warren 

Tlie Hon'''''. Thomas Gushing Esq. 

M"^. Samuel Adams 

D^ Benjamin Church 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 

M^ Edward Payne 

Cap'. Daniel Malcorab 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Melatiah Bourn Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

TheTIon*'''"-'. Royal Tyler Esq. 

M"". Josiah Quincy. 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up a true state 
of some late Occurrances in this Town to be transmitted M^ Agent 
Deberdt. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that 
D"^. J()se|)h Warren 
D^ Benjamin Church 
M"^. Samuel Adams 
be a Committee to prepare the form of a Vote, to be laid before 
the Town at the Adjourumeut ; expressing their great dislike at 



256 City Document No. S8. 

the manner of proceedure in the Custom house Officers iu lately 
carrying off a Vessel from Hancocks Wharff ; and their sense of 
the ill consequences which mnst follow the methods made use of 
to introduce an armed force into this Town — to Re[)ort at the 
Adjournment 

A Letter of John Lane Esq. from London, was laid before the 
Town by John Rowe Esq. which informs that he had delivered the 
Letters to General Conway & Coll°. Barry in Person, and asked 
their [100.] Permission to defrey the Printers Charge for their 
Pictures, but was politely refused — It was then Voted, that the 
Tiianks of the Town be given John Lane Esq. for his trouble and 
Services in this Matter 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday next 4. 
O'clock. P : M : then to meet at the Old South Church. 

Wednesday the 15 of June 17G8 — 4. O'Clock. P: M: Met at 
the Old South Church according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to present the Towns Petition to the 
Governor, acquainted the Town with the maimer in which they 
had been received, and also Reported from his Excellency the 
following Answer. Viz'. 

Gentlemen 

My Office and station make me a very incompetent Judge of the 
rights yon claim against Acts of Parliament; and therefore it 
would be to no purpose for me to express my opinion thereupon. 
All I can say is, that I shall not knowingly infringe any of your 
Rights and Privileges, but shall religeously m:iintain all those 
which are committed to me as a servant of the King. 

In regard to the impressing men for the Service of the King in 
his Ships of war, it is practised in Great Britain, and all other bis 
Majestys Dominions and therefore I cannot dispute it in this part 
of them. But I shall use my utmost endeavors to get it regulated 
so as to avoid all the inconveniences to this Town, which you are 
apprehensive of ; and from the knowledge I have of Cap*. Comer, 
1 have no doubt of ray succeeding therein. 

I cannot pretend to enter into any dispute between you and 
your P.'ircnt State ; I desire to l)e a faithful servant in regard to 
both; and I shall think myself most highly honoured, if I can 1)e 
iu the lowest degree an Instrument in preserving a perfect [10 S.] 
Conciliation between them, I can assure you that if it was as 
much in power as it is in my will it would always be preserved. 

I am obliged by all kiuds of duty, by my general Instructions ; and 
by his Majestys special orders to protect aid and assist the Com- 
missioners of the Customs (ap[)ointed under the Great Seal of 
Great Britain iu pursuance of an act of parliament) and their 
Officers in their Persons and Offices. And whether they shall or 
shall not relinquish the exercise of their commission, I must not 
fail to give them all the protection aid and assistance in my power 
If in so doing I shall give offence, I shall be sorry for it, but I 
shall never regret the doing my duty. 

1 have no command over his Majestys Ships, and therefore can- 
not issue such orders as you desire nor indeed any order to the 
Commander of his M ijest\ s Ship the Romney. And it would be 



Boston Town Records, 1708. 2.37 

highly improper for mo to make a requisition to him to lemove 
fiom lliis Harbour, when I know he is stationed here by a sU|)crior 

OHicer, and cannot remove from hence but l)y his Orthrs 

Fha Bei;kaui) 



The Committee at the sam'j time rc'[)orted the Draft of a Letter 
to M''. Agent l)e Berdt, which was read and unanimously accepted, 
and tlie Committee were directed to make any alterations or 
additions they might think necessary, and to forward the same 
together with such Ad'ulavits as tliey should obtain, by the lirst 

Vessel 

The Committee appointed to i)repare the foiiu of aV^oto, relative 
to the carrying of a Vessol of John Hancock Esq. and an intro- 
duction of an armed force into this Town — Reported in tiie form 
of Resolves and after considerable del)ate thereon & the propriety 
<yf a Towns passing Resolves, Voted, that 
D^ Joseph Warren 
Rich.ird Dana Esq. 
D^ Benjamin Church 
[103.] ■ John Adams Esq. 

John Rowe Esq. 
M''. Henderson Inches 
INT. Edward Payne 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to prepare Instructions 
for our Representatives relative to those and other Matters, and 
that said form of Resolves be handed into them, for such use to 

i»e made of them as they may Judge proper 

Adjourned to Fry day next, 4. O'Clock : P : M : then to Meet at 
Faueuil Hall 

Fryday June 17. 4 O'Clock P : I\I : Town met according to 
Adjournment 

The Committee appointed to prepnre a Draft of Instructions to 
the Representatives of this Town in the (ieiierai Assembly — 
Reported as follows 

To the Hon'''*'. James Otis & Thomas Cushing Esq". W. Samuel 
Adams, and John Hancock Esq. 

After the Repeal of the late American Stamp Act, we were 
happy in the pleasing prospect of a restoration of that tranquility 
and unanimity among ourselves, and that harmon}' & affect ion be- 
tween our Parent Country and us, which had generally sut)sisted 
before that detestahle Act. But with the utmost grief and concern 
we find that we tiatter'd our.selves too soon, and that the root of bit- 
terness is yet alive Tiie principle on which that Act was h)unded 
continues in full force, & a Revenue is still demandctl fi-om 
America. 

We have tlie mortification to observe one Act of Parliament 
after another, passed for the express purpose of raising a Riveuue 
from us; to see our money continually collecting from us. without 
our consent, I)y an authority in the constitution of which we have 
no sliare, and over [103.] Which we have no kind of inlluence or 
controul ; to see the little circulating Cash that remained among 
us for the support of our trade, from time to time trans'iiitted to a 
distant Countrv, never to return, or what in our estimation is 



258 City Document No. 88. 

vrorse if possible, appropriated to the maintainance of swarms of 
Onicers and Pensioners in idleness and luxury, whose example has 
a tendency to corrupt our morals, and whose arbitrary disposi- 
tions will trample upon our rights 

Under all these misfortuues and afflictions, however, it is our 
fixed resolution to maintain our loyalty and duty to our most 
gracious Sovereign, a reverence and due subordination to the 
British Parliament as the supreme Legislative in all cases of ne- 
cessity, for the preservation of the whole Empire, and our cordial 
and sincere affection for our Parent Country, and to use our 
utmost endeavors for the preservation of peace & order among 
ourselves : Waiting with anxious expectation for a favourable 
answer to the Petitions and sollicitations of this Continent for 
Relief — at the same Time it is our unalterable resolution, at all 
times to assert and vindicate our dear and invaluable Rights and 
Libertys, at the utmost hazard of our lives and fortunes ; and we 
have a full and rational confidence, that no design formed against 
them will ever prosper. 

That such designs have been formed and are still in being we 
have reason to apprehend. A multitude of Placemen and Pen- 
sioners, and an enormous train of Underlings and Dopondants, 
all novel in this Country we have seen already : Their inju- 
rious temper, their rash inconsiderate & we.ak behavior, are well 
known 

In this situation of affairs several armed Vessels and among 
the rest his Majesty's Ship of War the Romney, have appeared in 
our Harbor; and the last as we believe by the express application 
of the Board of Commissioners with design to over awe and terrify 
tlie Inhabitants of this Town into base compliances, and unlim- 
itted submission, has been anchored within a Cables length of the 
Wharves. 

But passing over other irregularities, we are assured, that the 
last alarming act of that Ship — Viz'. — the violent and in our 
opinion illegal seizure of a Vessel lying at a Wharff, the cutting 
of her forts, & removing [104.] Her with an armed force in 
hostile manner, under the protection of the Kings vShips, without 
any probable cause of seizure that we know of, or indeed any 
cause that has as yet been made known ; no Lible or prosecution 
whatever having yet been instituted against her, was by the 
express Order or request in writing of the Board of Commis- 
sioners to the Commander of that Ship 

In addition to all we are continually allarmed, with rumors & 
reports of new revinue Acts to be passed, new importations of 
Officers and Pensioners to suck the life blood of the body politick, 
while it is streaming from the Veins ; fresh arrivals of ships of 
war to be a still severer restraint upon our trade ; and the arrival 
of a military force to dragoon us into passive obedience ; orders 
and requisitions transmitted to New York, Ilallifax and to Eng- 
land, for Regiments and Troops to preserve the public peace. 

Under the distresses arising from I his state of thinus, with the 
highest confidence in your integrit}' abilities & fortitude, 3'ou will 
exert yourselves Gentlemen on this occasion, that nothing may be 



Boston Town Records, 1708. 259 

left niuloiie (hat may conduce to our rcli(>f ; and in pnrticnlar we 
recommend it to your consideratiou and discretion in tlie first 
place to endeavor that Impresses of all kinds may if i)ossibie be 
prevented. There ia an Act of Parliament being which has never 
been repealed, for the cncourao-cment of the trade to America. 
AVc mean the : of Anne Chap. 87. Sect. 9. it is enacted. "That no 
" Marriner or other Person who shall serve on board or bo retained 
'* to serve on board, any Privateer or trading Ship or Vessel that 
" shall be implo\ed in an}' part of America, nor any Mariner or 
" other Person being on shore in any part thereof, shall be liable to 
"be impressed or taken away by any Oflicer or Ofticers of or be- 
" longing to any of her Majesty's Ships of War, impowered by the 
" Lord High Admii-al, or any other Person what soever, nnless such 
"Mariner shall have before disserted from such Ship of War bc- 
" longing to her Majesty, at any time aftc»r the 14. of February 
" 1707 upon pain that any Officer or Officers so im[)ressing or 
"causing to be impressed or taken away any Mariner or other 
" Person contrary to the tenor & true meaning of [105.] This 
" Act, shall forfeit to the Master or Owner or Owners of any 
" such Ship or Vessel twenty pounds for every Man he or they 
" shall so impress or take to be recovered with full costs of Suit 
"in au}' Court within any part of her Majesty's Dominions" so 
that any Impresses of any mariner, from any Vessel whatsoever, 
appears to be in direct violation of an Act of Parliament 

In the next place its our desire that yon enquire and use your 
endeavors to promote a Parliamentary enquiry for the Au- 
thors and propagators of such alarming rumoi-s and rei)orts as 
we h;ive mentioned before ; & wliether the Commissioners or any 
other Person whatever have really wrote or solicits'd for Troo[>3 
to be sent here fiom X York Ilallifax England or elsewhere, and 
for what end ; and that you forward if you think it expedient, in 
the House of Representatives resolutions that every such Person, 
who shall solicite or promote the importation of Troops at this 
time, is an Enemy to this Town and l^roviuce, and a disturber of 
the peace and good order of both. 

The above Report having been read and considered, the Ques- 
tion was put — " Whether the same shall be accepted " — Passed in 
the Affermative unanimously 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby are given to 
the lion""'". James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting for 
desi)atching the Business thereof 

Then the Meetiuii was dessolved. 



[106.] Ata INIeeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified &. warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 12"'. Day ot 

September A:D: 1708 

Prayer was made by the Rev'^. I)''. Coo[)er 

Warrant for calling the Meeting ------ read 

The Hou'''^ James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 



260 City Document No. 88. 

Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his pa3'ing and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Khode 
Island Governments. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants to the Selectmen for 

calling this Meeting re;id. 

Whereas it hath been Reported in this Town Meeting that his 
Excellency the Governor has intimated his apprehensions, that 
One or more Regiments of his Majestys Troops are dayly to be 
expected here. 

Voted, That the Hon*^'". Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

M^ Samuel Adams 

D'. Joseph Warren 

John Rowe Esq. 

John Hancock Hlsq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be a Committee to wait upon his Excellency if in Town, humbly 
requesting that he would be pleased to communicate to the Town 

the grounds and Assurances he may have thereof 

A Vote of the Hou'''*^. Board respecting a Tar Barrel, which was 
the other Night placed in the Skillet on Beacon Hill, by Persons 
unknown [107.] Was communicated to the Town but not acted 

upon 

Voted, that the following Petition be presented his Excellency 
the Governor 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq. Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief of His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 

Bay in New England 

May it please your Excellency 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Boston legally Assembled 
taking into Consideration the critical state of the publick Affairs, 
more especially the present precarious situation of our invaluable 
Rights & Privileges Civil and Religeous, most humbly request that 
your Excellency would be pleased forthwith to issue Precep'.s for 
a General Assembly to be Convened with the utmost speed, in 
order that such measures may be taken as in their wisdom they 
may think proper for the preservation of our said Rights and 

Privileges 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound &". 
Voted, that the Hon'*'®. Thomas Cushing Esq. 
Richard Dana Esq. 
M^ Samuel Adams 
D"'. Joseph Warren 
John Rowe Esq. 
John Hancock Esq. 
Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be a Committee to present the within Petition and to request of his 
Excellency, that he would be pleased to favor the Town with an 

immediate answer. 

Upon a Motion made and seco^ided, Voted, that 

The Hon'''''. .lames Otis Esq. the Moderator 
M'". Samuel Adams 



Boston Town Records, 17G8. 261 

[108.] John Ruddock Esq. 

The Hon'''^ Thomas Gushing Esq. 

Jolm Hancock Esq. 

Kichard Dana Esq. 

John l\o\vG Esq. 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 

D^ Joseph Warren 

M^ William Mulliiieux 

M^ John Bradford 

Cap'. Daniel Maleomb 

M'. William Greanleaff 

Cap*. Adiuo Paddock 

M'. Thomas Boylston 

Arnold Wells Esq. 
be a Committee to take the state of our pnblick Affairs into Con- 
sideration, and Report at the Adjournment the Measures the}' 

apprehend most salutary to be taken in the present emergency 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned unto the next Day. 10. 

O'clock. A : M : 

Tuesday the 13 of September 10. O'Clock. A:M: Town Met 

according to Adjournment 

The Committee appointed Yesterday to wait upon his Excel- 
lency with the Petition by request of the Town Reported from his 
Excellency the following answer in writing 

Gentlemen 

My apprehensions that some of his Majestys Troops are to 
be expected in Boston, arise from information of a private 
nature ; I have received no publick Letters notifying to me the 
coming of such Troops, and requiring Quarters for Ihem ; when- 
ever 1 do [109.] 1 shall communicate them to his Majestys 
Council. The Business of calling another Assembly for this Year 
is now before tlie King ; and 1 can do nothing in it, untill I receive 

his Majestys Commands. 

Francis BiiKNAKD. 

The Committee appointed to take the state of our pui)lic Aflairs 
into Consideration, Reported the following Declaration and Re- 
solves 

Whereas it is the first Principle in Civil Society, founded in 
Nature and Reason, that no Law of the Society can he binding on 
any Individuals, without his Consent, given by himself in Person, 
or by his Representative of his own free Election : And whereas 
in and by an Act of the Biitish Parliament passed in the Fir.>t Year 
of the Reign of King William and Queen Mary, of gloiious and 
blessed Memory, entitled an Act declaring the Rights and Liberties 
of the Subject, and Settling the Succession of the Crown ; the Pre- 
amble of which Act is in these words — viz'. "• Whereas the late 
King James the Second, by the assistance o( diverse evil Council- 
lors, Judges and Ministers em|)loyed In' him, did endeavor to sub- 
vert & exterpale the Protestant lieligeon, and the Liuvs and Liber- 
ties of this Kingdom " It is exprc ssly among (j'.her Things declai'cd. 
That the levying Moue}' for the use of the Crown, by Pretenc-' of 
Prerogative, without Grant of Parliament fur a longer IMuie or in 



202 City Document No. SS. 

other irannor thau the same is granted, is illegal. And tchereas 
iu the Third Year of the Reign of the same King William & Qiiceu 
Mary, Iheir Majestys were giaeiously pleased, by their Royal 
Charter to give antl grant to the Inhabitants of His Mnjestys 
Province, all tlie Territory' therein discribed, to be holden in free 
and common Soccage : And also to Ordain & Grant to the said 
Inhabitants certain Rights, Liberties and Privileges therein ex- 
pressly mentioned ; among which it is Granted established and 
Ordained, that all and every the Subjects of tliem their Heirs & 
Successors, which shall go to Inhabit within said Province and 
Territory, and every of their Children which shall happen to be 
born there, or on the Seas in going thither, or returning from 
thence, shall have & enjoy all Libertes and Innii unities of free and 
natural Subjects, within any of the Dominions of them, their Heirs 
and Successors, to all intents [110.] Purposes and Constructions 
whatever, as if they and every of them, were born within the 
Realm of England : 

And li-liereas by the aforesaid Act of Parliament made in the 
first Year of the said King William and Queen Mary, all and sin- 
gular the Premisses contained therein, are claimed demanded & In- 
sisted on as the undoubted Rights & Liberties of the Subjects 
born within the Realm : 

And tchereas the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of this Town 
the Metropolis of the Province in said Charter mentioned, do hold 
all the Rights & Liberties therein contained to be sacred & invio- 
lable At the same Time publickly and solemnly acknowledging 
their firm and unshaken Allegiance to their alone and rightful 
Sovereign King George the Third, the lawful Successor of the 
said King William and Queen Mary to the British Throne 

Resolved That the said Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston, will at the utmost peril of their Lives & Fortunes 
take all legal and constitutional measures to defend and maintain 
the Person Famil}', Crown and Dignity of our said Sovereign Lord 
George the Third ; and all and singular the Rights, Liberties, Privi- 
leges & Immunities granted iu the said Roj^al Charter, as Avell as 
those which are declared to be belonging to us as British Subjects 
by Birth right, as all others therein specially mentioned. 

And ivhereas by the said Royal Charter it is speciall}' granted to 
the Great & General Court or Assembly therein constituted, to 
impose and levy proportionable and reasonable Assessments, Rates 
& Taxes upon the Estates and Persons of all and every the Pro- 
prietors & Inhabitants of said Province or Territory, for the 
Service of the King in the necessarj' defence and support of his 
Government of this Province, & the protection and preservation of 
his Subjects therein, therefore 

Voted, as the Opinion of this Town ; that the levying Money 
within this Province for the use and service of the Crown, in other 
manner than the same is granted b}^ the Great & General Court or 
Assembly C)f this Province is in violation of the said Royal 
(barter; and the same is also in violation [111.] Of the un- 
doubted natural Rights of Subjects, declared in the aforesaid Act 
of Parliament, freely to give and grant their own Mone}' for the 



Boston Town Records, 17G8. 263 

service of the Crown, with their own eonsent, in Persoi, or hy 
Representatives of their own free Kle; tion 

And icher(?as in tlie aforesaid Act of rarliauieut it is cli'clared 
That the raising or keeping a stancUng Army, within the Kingdom 
in time of peace, unless it be with the consent of Parliament, is 
against L:iw ; It is the Opinion of this Town ; that the said Dec- 
laration is founded in the iudefeaseblc Right of the Subjects to be 
cojiauUed ; and to give their free Consent in Person, or by Repre- 
sentatives of their own free Election to the raising & keeping a 
standing Army among them; and tlie Inhabitants of this Town 
being free Subjects, have the same Right derived fiom Nature & 
confermed by the British Constitution, as well as the said Royal 
Chaiter ; and therefore the raising or keeping a standing Army, 
without their consent in Person or by Representatives of their own 
fi'ee Election, would be an infringement of their natural, constitu- 
tional and Charter Rights; and the emi)loying such Army for the 
enforcing of Laws made without the consent of the People, in 
Person, or by their Repx'esentativcs would he a Grievance. 

The aforegoing Report being diverse Times distinctly Read, & 
considered by the Town — The Question was put — AVhether the 
same shall be accepted & recorded ; — and passed unanimousl}' 
in the Atfermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, the following Votes was 
unanimously passed — Viz'. 

Whereas by an Act of Parliament of the First of King "William 
and Queen Wary, it is declared ; that for the Redress of all 
Grieveances, and for Amending Strengthning, and preserving the 
Laws, Parliaments ought to be held frequently, and in as mucli 
as it is the Opinion of this Town, that the People labour under 
man\' intoUerable Grievances, wliich unless s[)eedil3^ Redressed ; 
threaten the total distruetion of our invaluable natural, constitu- 
tional and Charter Rights. 

And furthermore As his Excellency the Governor has declared 
[113.] Himself unable at the Request of this Town to call a 
General Court, which is the Assembly of the States of this Rrov- 
iuce, for the Redress of such Grieveances ; 

Voted, that this Town will now make choice of a suitable 
number of Persons to Act for them as a Commiitee in Convention, 
■with such as may be sent to Join them from the several Towns 
in this Province, in order that such JMeasures may be consuked 
and Advised as his Majestys service, and the peace and safety of 
bis Subjects in this Province may require — whereupon 
The IIon'^'^ Jam'es Otis Esq. 
The Ilon''''^. Thomas Cushing Esq. 
M"". Samuel Adams — & 
John Hancock P^sq. 
were appointed a Committee for the said purpose — The Town 
hereafter to take into Consideration what recompence shall be 
made them for the service they may perform 

Voted, that the Selectmen l^e directed to write to the Selectmen 
of the several Towns within this Province informing them of the 
aforegoing Vote, and to propose that a Convention be held, if 



264 City Document No. 88. 

they shall think proper at Faueuil Hall, in this Town, on Tuesday 
the 2:^'^. Day of JSepteaiber Instant, at 10. O'Cloek Before Noon. 

Upou a Motion made and seconded, the following Vote was 
passed by a very great Mnjority — Viz'. 

Whereas, by an Act of Parliament of the First of KingWilHam 
and Queen Mary it is declared that the Subjects being Protestants, 
may have Arms for their Defence ; It is the Opinion of this Town, 
that the said Declaration is founded in Nature Reason and sound 
Polic}', and is well adapted for the necessary defence of the Com- 
munity 

And for as much as by a good and wholesome Law of this 
Province, every listed Soldier, and other Householder (except 
[113.] Troopers who by Law are to be otherwise provided) shall 
be always provided with a well fixed Fire Lock Musket Accoutre- 
ment and Ammunition as in said Law particularly mentioned, to 
the satisfaction of the Commission Officers of the Company ; and 
as there is at this Time a prevailing apprehension, in the Minds of 
many, of an approaching War with Franee : In order that the 
Inhabitants of this Town may be prepared in case of sudden 
danger; Voted, that those of the said Inhabitants who may at 
present be unprovided, be and hereby are requested duly to 
observe the said Law at this Time 

The Hon'^'^. Thomas Cushiug P^sq. communicated to the Town 
a Letter lately received fro-m a Committee of Merchants in the City 
of New York, acquainting him with their Agreement relative to a 
Non Im[)ortation of British Goods — Wliereupon the Town by a 
Vote expressed their high satisfaction therein 

The Town taking into serious consideration the present Aspect 
of their publick Affairs, and being of Opinion that it greatly be- 
hooves a People professing godliness to Address the Sui)reme 
Euler of the World, on all important Occasions, for that Wisdom 
which is profitable to direct 

Voted, unanimously, That the Selectmen be a Committee to 
wait upon the several Ministers of the Gospel within this Town, 
desiring that the next Tuesday may be set apart as a Day of 
Fasting and Prayer 

Ordered, that the Votes & proceedings of the Town in their 
present Meeting, be published in the several News Papers ; and 
also that a Number of Copys be struck off & sent to the several 
Towns in this Province p Expresses 

Voted, that the Thanks of the Town be given to the Hon"'*. 
James Otis Esq. the Moderator. 

Then the Meeting: was dessolved. 



[114.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick 'I'own 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 27 Day of 
January 1769 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

The Ilon'^'*'. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 



Boston Town Records, 1769. 265 

Bills of Credit of the Connecticut, New Hampshire & Rliode 
Island Governments. 

The Article in the AV arrant Viz'. — "To make choice of a 
Collector of Taxes in the room of M'. Edward Ilollyday, he not 
having given Bond with sufficient Sureties, to the satisfaction of 
the Select men for the faithful discharge of his Duty in said Trust 
agreable to the Vote of the Town" — was read and nfter much 
debate, it appeared tliat a new Collector, could not then be prop- 
erly chose ; AF. Ilollyday having accei)ted, and been sworn to the 
faithful discharge of his tiust as a Collector of Taxes, and at this 
Meeting offering sufficient Sureties wliii-h he was not able to do 
before — whcreniwn 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to the Gentlemen the Selectmen for their faith- 
fulness and attention to the Interest of the Town in requiring 
suflicieut Sureties from j\P. Ilollyday for the faithful discharge of 
the Duty of a Collector as enjoin'd upon them in the Vote of the 
Town the fourteenth of March last 

Whereas, M'. Edwaid Ilollyday has informed the [115.] Town, 
that since the calling of the Meeting, he has been able to procure 
Sureties for the faithful discharge of the Duty of a Collector of 
Taxes, which he believes will be to the satisfaction of the Select- 
men therefore 

Voted, that this Matter be referred to the Selectmen to act 
thereon as they shall Judge agreable to the Vote of the Town 
respecting Collectors 

Voted, That the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given 
to the Honourable James Otis Es(i. the Moderator of this Meeting, 
for disi)atching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warn( d in publick Town 
INIecting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13"^. Day of 
March Anno Domini 17G9 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read. 

Prayer was made by the Kcv*^. M'. Bowen 

Sundry Laws enjoin'd to be read at this Meeting were accord- 
ingly read 

[ilG.] The IIon'''^ James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator 
of this Meeting, and took the Oaths resi)ectiug his paying and re- 
ceiving Bills of Credit of the Governments of Connecticut New 
Hami^shire and Rhode Island as required by an Act of this Prov- 
ince. 

William Cooper was chosen Town Clerk for the Year ensuing 
and having taken the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the Connecticut and other Governments, took 
the Oath of Ofllce for the faithful discharge of his Duty, which 
Oaths were administred to him by ^P- Justice Dana. 



1^6 City Document No. 88. 

The Town proceeded to the choice of Seven Selectmen, and the 
Votes being brought in and sorted it appeared that 
Joshua Ilenshaw P.sq. 
Joseph Jaclison Esq. 
John Ruddock Esq. 
John Hancock Escj. 
Samuel Pemberton Esq. 
M'. Henderson Inches 
M"". Jonathan Mason 

were chose Selectmen for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Overseers of the 
Poor, and upon sorting them it appeared that 
John Barrett Esq. 
The E[ou''•^ Royal Tyler Esq. 
M''. Benjamin DoUiear 
M^ William Whitwell 
]NP. William Greanleafe 
William White Esq. 
]\P. Joseph Waldo 
John Leaveret Esq. 
John Gore Esq. 
[117.] Cap'. Samuel Partridge 
Thomas Tyler Esq. 

Cap'. Thomas Bradford - - excused, see 
were chose Overseers of the Poor for the Year ensuing. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Wardens and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

Mess'^ Daniel Marsh - ... - excused 
Joseph Belknap ----- d". 
Thomas Ilaud : Peck ... - d". 

John Ballard d''. 

William Mackay ----- Sworn 

Samuel May d°. 

William Powell ----- d'. 

Joseph Turell d°. 

Thomas Walley d°. 

Jouathau Snelling . - - - excused 

Benjamin Gooding - . - - Sworn 

Henry Hill d°. 

were chose Wardens for the Year ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for vSixteen Fire-Wards and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

John ScoUay Esq. 
Newman Grenough Esq. 
John Rowe Esq. 
M'. William Cooper 
M^ John Mico Wendell 
Thomas Marshall Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
M'. Joseph Tyler 
Cap'. Adino Paddock 
M'. James Richardson 



Boston Town Records, 1769. 267 

[118.] Cap'. Benjamin Waldo 
Jolin IJancoek Esq. 
M^ Samuel Adams 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
i\F. Alexander Hill 

were chose Fire- Wards for the Yeai ensuing 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Town Treasurer and 
upon sorting them it appeureil that M^ David Jeffries was chosen 
& having laUen the Oath respecting his paying and receiving 
P>ills of Credit of the other Governments took the Oath of Odice 
for the faithful discharge of his Dnty, which Oatlis were Admin- 

islred to him by M'. Justice 

Votes for a County Treasurer brought in and sealed up in Town 
Meeting, and delivered to the care of ConstaI)le Lindsey George 

Wallace to be returned to the Court of Session 

Ui)on a Motion made and seconded — the Question was put — 
Whether Constables and Collectors of Taxes shall be chose sep- 

perate — Passed in the Affermative 

Voted, that the Sum of Five Pounds be Remitted out of the 
Ten Pound Fine to such Persons as shall be chose into the Office 
of Constable for the Year ensuing, and shall decline serving. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Constables the 
Persons chose into that Office and swoin are 
Mess". Augustus Hail 
Francis Salmon 
.John AVells 
Peter Barbour 
Lyd : George Wallace 
Josiah Fessenden 
[119.] Stephen Symras 
Hezekiah Usher 
Benjamin Adams 
John Arnold 
George Thomas 
John i'circe 
The Town brought in their Votes for Twelve Clerks of the 
Market and upon sorting them it appeared that 
Mess". Fitch Pool 

Samuel Barrett excused 

John Singleton Copley 

Francis Green 

George Spooner 

Benjamin Andrews 

Elisha Hutchinson d". 

John Bernard 

Joseph Barrell 

Samuel Allen Otis 

Jonathan Clark d°. 

Bossinger Foster 

were chose Clerks of the Market for the Year ensuing— — see 

Voted, that the Sum of Twelve Pence on the Pound be and 
herebv is allowed to such Persons aa shall be chose Collectors of 



208 City Document No. 88. 

Taxes for the Year ensuing for all such Sums ns they shall 
Collect ; provided they pay into the several Treasuries the whole 
Sum committed to them to Collect on or before the 10"". Day of 
August 1770. Eight Pence on the Pound on all such other Sums, 
as the}' shall have so paid into said Treasurers on or before the 
20"^. l):iy of December 1770 and Four Pence on the Pound upon 
the remainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect pro- 
vided such i-emainder of the Sums they shall be obliged to Collect 
provided such remainder shall be fully paid in on or before the 
Second Monday in March 1771. This Premium as al)ove [130.] 
Expressed appears to be Just and equitable, and an ample allow- 
ance to the Collectors to encourage them to discharge their Duty 
with diligence and fidelity ; provided also that each of said Col- 
lectors give Bond with sufficient Sureties, to the Selectmen, as 
shall be satistactory for the faithful discharge of their Duty in 

said Office, and complying with this Vote 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Four Collectors of 
Taxes, and upon sorting them it appeared, that 
Mess". Sampson Salter 
Edward 1 1 oily day 
Samuel Ruggles 
Abraham Savage 

were chose Collecloi's of Taxes for the ensuing Year 

The Town by a Vote Assigned. 4 O'Clock P: M: for the Con- 
sideration of M^ Samuel Adams's Petition 

The Inhabitants brought in their Votes for Seven Assessors, 
and upon sorting them it appeared that 
M^ William Fairfield 
M^ John Kneeland 
M"". Benjamin Church 
Belcher Noyes Esq. 
M^ DanielPecker 
M'. Jonathan Brown 
Moses Deshon Esq. 

were chose Assessors for the Year ensuing 

M'. John Gray 
was chosen Surveyor of Hemp for the Year ensuing. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that [131.] The 
Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to John Rowe Esq. 

for his Services as a Selectman in Years past 

Mess". William Nichols 
Andrew Symras 
Clement Collins 
Henry Allin 
Isaac Vergoose 
John Grenough 
Jacob Thayer 
Joseph Edmunds 
John Skillins 
John Sergeant 
Richard Walker 
John Champny 



Boston Town Records, 17G9. 269 

Samuol Turner 

John Bulliinch 

Abraliain Howard 

.Iosei)Ii Ikitlor 
were chose Sm-vcyors of Boards and Shingles for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Samuel Dyer 

John Dyer 

Obcdiali Low 

John Joy 

William Crafts 
were chose Fence Viewers for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Nathaniel (Gardner 

Samuel Wliitwell 
were chose Informers of Deer for the Year ensuing 

JM"". Joseph Eyres 
was chosen a Surveyor of Boards for the Year ensuing — — 
[13^.] Mess". Samuel Bangs 

Benjamin Cooper 

David Loring 

Cornelius Thayer 

Tliomas Noland 
were chose Sealers of Leather for the Year ensuing. 
Mess". Peter Cotta 

Manesseh Masters 

Joseph Dyer 

John Ilarskins 

David Spear 

Jonathan Jenkins 

Robert Breck Jun'. 

Job Wheelwright 

Joshua Pico 

Benjamin Salt 

Paul Baxter 

John Owen 

Thomas Knox 

Samuel White 

Edward Cowell 

Edward Potter 

Peter Ellis 

Timothy Pease 

Nathaniel Waterman 

Jacob Williams 

Samuel Bernard 

John NowcU 

Joseph Phillips 

IL'ury Lucas 
were chose Cullers of Staves for the Year ensuing. 
[133.] Mess". David Simms 

Thomas Curtis 
were chose Ilogreeves for the Year ensuing 

M^ Edward Curtis 
was chose Hay ward for the Year ensuing ------ 



270 City Document No. 88. 

Upon a Motion made and seconded it was Voted, that one 
Scavinger be chosen out of every Ward. 

Mess". Nathaniel Barker - - - Ward N. 1. 

After Stoddard 2 

Benjamin Page ----- 3 

Joseph Hart 4 

Nicholas Gray 5 

Stephen Bruce ----- 6 
Benjamin Goldthwait - - - - 7 

Timothy White 8 

Nathaniel Ilurd 9 

Oliver Wiswell 10 

John Martin - - - - - 11 

Thomas Chase - - - - - 12 

were chose Scavingers for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that M^ John Pitts 

Nicholas Boj'lston Esq. 
M^ Thomas Gray 
Isaac Smyth Esq. 
M'. Samuel Alliu Otis 
be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to Audit the Ac- 
compts of M^ Treasurer Jeffries, and also the Accounts of the 
Overseers of the Poor ; and the said Committee are enjoined to 
inspect every particular Account of the Moneys Expended for the 
use of the Almshouse ; they are also impowered when ihey shall 
Audit said Accompts to allow such of the Overseers [134.] As 
shall advance Moneys for the Relief of the Poor ; Interest on all 
such Sums from the Time so advanced, till they shall have Audited 

said Accompts 

The Selectmen 

were chose Surveyers of the High Ways for the Year ensuing 

Coll". Joseph Jackson 
Nicholas Boylston Esq. 
William Homes Esq. 
were chose Purchasers of Grain for the Year ensuing, and they are 
desired and impowered to give all needful directions to the Keeper 
of the Granary respecting the Quantity of Grain to be sold, and 
aflixing the price thereof from Time to Time as Occasion shall re- 
quire 

John Tuder Esq. 
M^ John Lucas 

were chose Surveyers of Wheat for the Year ensuing 

Cap'. Martin Gay 
M^ John Skinner 

were chose Assay-Masters for the Year ensuing 

Adjourned to'3. O'Clock P:M: 
3 O'clock P : M : Met according to Adjournment — — 
Voted, that the Assessors be and hereby are impowered and di- 
rected, to set for Abatement of such Taxes as they shall Judge 
reasonable ou every Thursday till the Second Thursday in April 
inclusive, and no longer, saving that they be allowed to set the two 
last Weeks in November [125.] For the Abatements of tlie Taxes 



Boston Town Eecords, 17G!). 271 

of such Persons as lind not an Opportunity of applying on the 
above limitted Time, by reason of iheir being out of the Province ; 
lit wliich Time they are also allowed and impowcred to Abate the 
Taxes of such Persons as may have died Insolvent between the 
said last Thursday in April, and the last Day of November 

Voted, that the Selectmen be desired to inforce tlic Duty of 
Scavingers, upon such as have been chose ; and if they should find 
any delects in the Laws relating to those Officers, that they Re- 
port the same to the Town that tliey may act thereon as they 
may Judge convenient 

The Petition of Mess". Samuel Ilolbrook and Joseph Ward and 
James Carter each p'-aying to be appointed Master of the South 
Writing School in the room of the late INP. Abiah rio]l)rook 
deceased — were read — whereupon 

Voted, that the choice of a School master for the South Writing 
School be referred over to the Gentlemen the Selectmen, to act 
thereon as they may Judge for the Interest of the Town 

Voted, that the consideration of School Masters Snlarys and 
all other Salarys and Grants be referred over to next May Meet- 
ing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is impowered and directed to borrow upon 
Interest the Sum of Four hundred Pounds, for the use of the 
Overseers of the Poor, to purchase Grain &''. for the Alms-house. 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants " tiuit another Writing 
School House may be Erected in some convenient place at the 
South End at the Charge of the Town, and a JMaster appointed 
for the same " — was read, — whereupon — Voted, that the Con- 
sideration be referred over to next INInreh Meeting ; & the Select- 
men are desired to insert the Prayer thereof in [l*-iC] The Noti- 
fication for said IMeeting 

The Selectmen Reported on the Accompt of M'. P>enjamin 
Fenno Keeper of the Granary for the Year past which Accompts 
as entred in his Books (and on file in tiie Town Clerks Oilice) was 
read — whereupon it was Voted, that the same be accepted ; and 
that M^ Fenno be accountable to the Town for lOo Bushels of 
Rye & 82 Bushels of Indian Corn amounting to £27,, 3,, 3. and 
also for the Sum of £22;"),, 14/-:^ Cash now in his hiuids exclusive 
of the Sum of £32 ,, 13 ,, 4 for his Salary and attendance as charged 
in his Account which is hereby allowed him 

The Petition of M^ Samuel Adams a late Collector of Tuxes 
setting forth '' That he has exhiliited a List of his outstanding 
Taxes to the Selectmen to be laid before the Town ; and nl>o a 
state of his Accompts pi-aying that upon liis paying t!ie Balance 
thereof, the Town would or<lcr him a final discharge ; and at the 
same IMeeting made choice of a suitable Person to receive said 
List, and Collect the said Outstanding Taxes or otherwise to act 
upon his Petition as to the Town sh:dl seem meet" was again read 
according to order, & after a full and long debate had thereon ; it 
was moved & the Question accordingly put — That a Committee 
be appointed to talcc M'. Adams's PeU'tion into Considciation, and 
Report as soon as may be ; which passed in the Negative — Also 



272 City Document No. 88. 

moved that the List of Outstanding Taxes exhibited by said M'. 
Adams to the Selectmen be read in this Meeting ; which Question 
beino- put — Passed in the Negative — Then a Motion was made and 
seconded, that the Prayer of the Petition be granted, and that a 
Person be now chosen to receive the said List, and Collect the 
Outstanding Taxes, and the Question being accordingly put — 

Passed in the Affermative by a very great majority 

Tiie Town then by a full Vote made choice of M''. Robert 
[137.] Peirpoiut to receh^ the aforesaid List and Collect the 

Outstanding Taxes. 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are appointed a Com- 
mittee to Petition the General Court at the next Session thereof 
praying for a confermation of the choice now made of M'. Robert 
Peirpoint, and that he may be impowered to Collect all such Taxes 
as have been at any time committed to the said M^ Samuel 
Adams to Collect and now remains Outstanding ; the said Peirpoint 
to be accountable to the Town for such Sums as he shall Collect 

That Article in the "Warrant (Viz'.) '' To Consider what Meas- 
ures maybe proper to betaken for the preservation of the Common 
and preventing any Incumbrances being laid thereon " was read 

whereupon Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to take 

this matter into Considei-ation ; to enquire into the Title of the 
Iiands, and make Report as soon as may be, what may be proper 

to be done thereon 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. — "Whether the Town will 
take any steps in addition to what has been already done by the 
Selectmen for vindicating the Character of the Inhabitants, & 
obtaining the knowledge of such Representations as may have 
been made to their prejudice" — was read — whereupon the 
Selectmen being requested Reported to the Town, "That besides 
the several Addresses to his Excellency the Governor, which had 
been published in all the News Papers, they had wrote Letters to 
diverse Gentlemen of Character in London of the same import, 
praying their kind interposition in favor of the Town as occasion 
might require. It was then desired that a Copy of one of the 
Letters aforesaid be read to the Town, and the Letter sent to 

Dennis Deberdts Ksq. was read accordingly 

A Motion was tlien made that the Thanks of the Town be 
given to the Selectmen for the care they have taken for the 
support and [138.] Vindication of its Interest and Character, 
and in making a true & faithful Representation of the Conduct 
and state of the Tcnvn to Dennis Deberdt Esq. and other Gentle- 
men in London, and the Question being put — Passed unanimously 

in the Affermative 

It was then Voted, that 

The Ilon'''^ .James Otis Esq. Moderator 

M'. Samuel Adams 

The Hon^'^ Thomas Cushing Esq. 

Richard Dana Esq. 

D^ Joseph Warren 

John Adams Esq. 

Samuel Quincy Esq. 



Boston Town Hecords, 17G9. 273 

be anil hereby are apixjiiited a Comuiittee to consider what may 
be sLill necessary to be done for vhidicatiou of the Town, hi addi- 
tion to the Measures ah-eady taken b}- the Selectmen, and to 

lve|<ort as soon as m:iy be 

That Article in tlie Warrant Viz'. — •' To consider whether tlie 
Town will come into any Measures for su[)portinu, M^ reir[)oiut 
in his prosecuting those iVrsous who have l.itely trespassed upon 
the Lands which liave been Rented to him by the Town for many 
Years past; and also for preventing like Trespasses upon other of 
the Towns Lands," was read — whereupon Voted, that — 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Es(i. 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. 

Samuel Pembertou Esq. 

M^ Jonathan IMnson 
be a Committee to take this matter into Consideration and Report 

at the Adjournment 

Tlie Article in the "Warrant Viz'. — ''To Consider Whether 
[139.] A Committee shall be appointed to revise the By-Laws of 
the Towa" was read — whereupon Voted, that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

Josiah (Juincy Esq. 
be a Committee to i-evise said Laws and Report as soon as may be 
Tiiat Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) To Consider whetlu'r the 
Town will Lease the Land u[)on which the Gun House has been 
Erected, for a certain number of Years, to the Officers of the Train 
of Artillery, belonging to the Regiment of tlie Town of lioslon" 
was read — whereupon — the Question was put — Whether the 

Town will Lease the Lands — Passed in the Negative 

That Article iu tlie Warrant Viz*. — ''To Consider what steps 
can be taken to give a check to the progress of Vice and Immo- 
ralities in this Town, and to promote a Reformatiou of Manners " 
was read whereupon 

Voted, that John Ruddock Esq. 

M^ Moses Gill 

M^ David Jeffries 

William riiillips Esq. 

Ebenezer Storer. 
be a Committee to take this Matter into Consideration and Report 

at the Adjournment 

The Article in the Warrant Viz'. — "To Consider of ^^ome 
Suitable Methods employing the Poor of the Town, whose Num- 
bers and distresses are dayly increasing by the loss of its Trade & 
Commerce " — was read — whereupon Voted, that 

M'. William MuUineux 

M^ Jonathan Mason 

John Barrett Esq. 
[130.] Thomas Cushing Esq. 

]\P. William Cooper 

RP. AVilliam Whitwell 

M^ Thomas Brattle 



274 City Document No. 88. 

be a Committee to take this Matter into Considerutiou find Report 
!!t the Adjournment 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be and hereby is iiDpowered to give his Negotiable 
Notes on Interest to the Administrators or P^xecutors of the 
deceased School Masters, for the Balances respectively due to the 
said deceased Masters 

Voted, that tliis Meeting be Adjoui'ned to Tuesday the 4 Day 
of April next, 3 O'Clock T : M : 

Tuesday the 4 : Day of April 3 O'Clock P : M : Met according 
to Adjournment 

Tlie Committee to Consider what may be still neces&ary to be 
done in vindication of the Town, in addition to the Measures 
already taken by the Selectmen — Eeix>rted the Draft of a Peti- 
tion and Address to his Majesty — which being distinctly read & 
duly Considered 

Voted, unanimously that the same be accepted, and that a fair 
Diaft thereof signed by the Moderator of this Meeting be trans- 
mitted to the Hon^^^. Isaac Barree Esq. with the desire of the 
Town that he would be pleased to present the same as soon as it 
shall reach his Hands 

The Committee Appointed to Consider the steps proper to be 
taken to check the progress of Vice and Immoralilies, and [131.] 
Promote a Reformation of Manners — Report — That it appears 
to the Committee that for some Time past Vice and Immoralities 
have been very prevalent in this Town, and seem to be greatly in- 
creasing more especially Idleness, Druukenncss^profane Cursing & 
Swearing, Sabbath breaking &'^. to the great Grief of the more 
sober part of the Inhabitants — While the Committee observe with 
Concern the prevalence of these Vices, the>' at the same Time 
reflect with pleasure on the good and wholesome Laws of the 
Province against these & other Immoralities. 

The Committee are therefore humbly of Opinion that in order to 
prevent the growth of Vice, it be earnestly recommended to the 
Inhabitants of the Town in general, to keep their Children Ser- 
vants and young Persons under their care under proper restraint; 
and to the Majestrates and Officers of the Town iu particular to 
exert their utmost endeavors to put the Laws of the Province 
against these and other Disorders in execution 

The Committee are further of Opinion that to prevent the in- 
crease of Idleness, which is the Parent of all Vices some effectual 
method to employ the many poor who are now Objects of Charity, 
would be the most likely means to prevent the further spread of 
Vice and Immorality, and promote the Reformation of Manners 
so Justly desired — 

John Ruddock p Order. 

The above Report having been read and Considered — the 
Question was put — Whether the same shall be accepted — Passed 
in the Affermative 

The Committee relative to the Tresspasses upon the Towns 
Land asked leave to Peport thereon at the Town Meeting in May 
next which was accordingly granted them 



Boston Towx Records, 17G9. 275 

The Committee appointed to Consider of some suitable Methods 
for cmj)loying the Poor of the Town whoso IS'iirabers and distresses 
are dayly encreiising by the loss of its Trade & Commerce Kepoit 
— That they have conversed with some of the Overseers of [l.*>*^.] 
The I'oor, and find by their vVecoimts that there are almost '2:'0 
I'ersous in the Almshouse, and about 40 in the Work-house who 
are proper Subjects of llu; Almshouse, that the Overseers in the 
Year ITGT. paid away to l\'oi)le out of that House towards their 
sup[)ort and Relief not less than Six hundred pounds, and the last 
Year not less than £020 ,, — and th:tt ihey api)reheud from the 
great decay of Trade, and the eonseciuent want of employ that the 
Expellees of the present Year for the relief of the People out of 
the House, will be much larger, and must of necessity annually 
increase ; That the only way to lesson this Ex pence or prevent its 
increase is to pitch upon some way of employing those who occa- 
sion it. And your Committee find that since the Town have had 
in contemplation some method for this purpose ; that there above 
twt) hundred of the Poor of the Town who are now ready, and are 
desirous of being employed in Spinning and Carding and that their 
jSumbers are dayly increasing. 

Your Committee are therefore of Opinion, that it would answer 
a very valuable purpose if a number of Schools were set up at 
different parts of tlie Tcnvn and a suitable number of School 
Mistresses were procured and employed to learn such Children to 
Spin (free of Charge) as the Overseers shall from time to time 
Certilie are proper C)l)jects of such Charity. That for this purpose 
a nninber of suitable l\Ooms lie hired .-md School Mistresses pro- 
cured, and a number of Spinning \Yheels, and a quantity of Wool 
purchased for the immediate em|)lovment of such Children, which 
AVool when once converted into Yarn might be readily disposed of 
to several Persons lately arrived from abroad, and who liave been 
brought up and are INIaster Workmen in the Manufacturing of 
Shalloons Durants, Camblitts Callamancos Duro3's and Legntiiies 
and in general iVIens Summer Ware, and who we nncJersIaud are 
determined to carry on said P>usiness as soon as they can })e fur- 
nished with a sudicient number of Spinners to keep their Looms 
employed 

Your Committee are fully convinced that the execution of the 
Plan aforementioned would lie of unspeakable Advantage to the 
[13.'^.] Town, as it would in a few Years save a considerable part 
of the Exi)ence that arises fi'om the Ridief afforded to People out 
of the House ; it would annually lesson the numlier of those who 
are esteemed proper Subjects of the Almshouse; It would keep 
great numbers out of Idleness which as its the Parent of Vice so 
it i)roiiiotes intem[)erance and all the Deceases that are naturally 
produced by such a course of Life ; and moreover it will at tlie 
same Time have a happ}' tendency to habituate th.' People to In- 
dustiy, & preserve their Morals who instead of tlieir continuing a 
burden to Society will become some of its most useful Members — • 
The Committee at the same time are not insensible that the carrxing 
it into execution will be attendcMl with a great Expence, and have 
been apprehensive that it would be dillicult to prevail with any 



276 City Document No. 88. 

number of Gentlemeu to execute a trust that vvouM be atteuded 
with much trouble, yet they have reason to think that in ease the 
Town would Order and Impower the rieasurer to horrow & fur- 
nish the Overseers with the small Sum of Five hundred Poudds, 
they to be impowered to improve it for the relief of the Poor out 
of the House, by employing tliem in the Method aforesaid, a re- 
sponsible Gentleman might be prevailed upon, the Overseers 
granting him Two hundred Pounds and lending him the remaining 
Three hundred Pounds (for which he would give hisBoud payable 
in two Years) would on consideration of said Grant and Loan 
enter into an Obligation at his own charge to hire a suitable num- 
ber of Rooms for Schools, and hire a number of School Mistresses 
to teach as many Persons to spin as are desirous to learn, and 
would at his own cost engage to furnish them with spinning 
Wheels, and with a sufficient quantity of ^yool to keep them em- 
ployed till they were thoroughly acquainted with the Business, and 
would further engage after they were commenced good Spinners 
to keep them employed atsaitl Business for the space of two Years 
provided they will work upon reasonable terms, by which Time it 
is highly probable the Business will be so well established as to 
find them full Employ — Your Committee are also of Opinion that 
the Gentlemen we hope may be prevailed upon to carry the impor- 
tant employment of the Poor of the Town into Execution has in 
view the public good, and upon mature deliberation we apprehend 
that there is not any probability of his advantaging [1 34.] Him- 
self thereby, but on the contrary the Town will Annually save a 
Sum much larger than the Two Hundred Pounds, to be granted 
him for undertaking this Business — All which is humbly sub- 
mitted 

The above Report read and accepted, & Voted, That for pre- 
venting the increase of the Enormous Charge and Expcnce of 
supporting the Poor of the Towm, and for the le>sening the same 
if possible The Town Treasurer for the Town being be and he 
hereby is directed and impowered to borrow in behalf of the Town 
the Sum of Five hundred Pounds of lawful Money, and put it into 
the hands of the Overseers of the Poor who are hereby impowered 
to improve it for the relief of the Poor of this Town in the follow- 
ing manner that is to say, to emply them in Carding and Spinning 
of Wool according to the spirit & intention of the Report afore- 
said, and that Two hundred Pounds of the said Five hundred 
Pounds be given to M"'. Willi;im Mullineux to enable him to 
purchase Spinning Wheels, Cards, and to procure convenient places 
and Appartments for carrying on the Spinning Business, and a 
sufficient number of Spinning Mistresses well skilled and experi- 
enced in the Art and Mistery of spinning Wool into good Yarn he 
the said William Mullineux giving Bond to the Town for his find- 
ing a sufficient number of good Spinning Wheels and Cards, and 
having a sufficient number of Rooms or A[)partmeuts for teaching 
Learners in the Business afores*^. and a suflicient Number of 
Persons thoroughly skilled in the said Business to teach and in- 
struct such as are or shall be desirous to learn it, & for sui)plying 
tliem with sufficient Quantities of Wool fit for the purpose afore- 



Boston Town Records, 1769. 277 

said while loanung, all at the proper Cost & Charge of the said 
William MuUineux. And that the remaining Sum of Tliree hundred 
Pounds be lent to him the said William IMullineux for the space 
of two Years to enable him to purchase a suflicient Quantity of 
Wool to keep said Spinners constantly emyloyed upon reasonable 
terms, he to give Bond to the Town that he will keep said Spin- 
ners employed and pay them for the work at a reasonable rate for 
the term of two Years, and at the ex[)iratiou of said term will pa}- 
the said [135.] Three hundreil Pounds unto the Town Treasurer 

for the Time being for the use of the 'I own 

Mess". Samuel Calf 
John CtOic 
George Green 
were chose Clerks of the Market for tbe Year ensuing 

Voted, that the Selectmen be and hereby are directed and im- 
powered to take eflectual care to see the Common is inclosed, and 
kept Inclosed and also to bi'iug such Actions as they may think 
necessary to prevent or remove any Incumbrances upon the Towns 
Land, and for obtaining d:unages for the same 

The Town brought in their Votes for One Overseer of the Poor 
in the room of Cap'. John Bradford who has resigned and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

M'. Samuel Whitwell 
was chosen an Overseer for the Year ensuing 

Upon a Motion made and seconded, Voted, that the Thanks of 
the Town be and hereby are given to Cap'. John Bradford for his 
good services as an Overseer the Y'ear past 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which shall remain unfinished 
at this Meeting be referred over to the General Town Meeting in 
May next to be then Considered of and acted upon 

The Town brought in their Votes for Five Wardens, and upon 
sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". John Joy 

Benjamin Ilarrod 
Thomas Ilitchburne 

[136.] James Perkins 

Thomas Sherburne 
were chose Wardens for the Y''ear ensuing 

Voted, unanimously that the Thanks of the Town be & hereby 
are given to the lIon'''°. James Otis Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualilied and warned in i)ublic Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 5 Day of ^May 
Anno Domini 1 7()1) 

Prayer was made by the Kev''. M^ Lothrop. 

The Prece[)t & Wairant for calling the INIeeting - - rend 

Sundry Laws read 



278 CiTr Document No. 88. 

Upon ti INIotion made and Seconded 

[ISI.] Voted, That this Town before Ihey proceed upon the 
Business lualie and Order to be Entred upon their Records, the fol- 
low declaration of their Right to the freedom of Election — Viz'. 

The Selectmen having acquainted the Town that the^- had waited 
on General Mackay Commander of Majestys Forces Quarter'd here 
to inform him that the choice of Persons to Represent the Town 
in the General Assembly was coming on, and to Claim in behalf 
of the Town the full Right of British Subjects & Freeholders upon 
so important an Occasion founded in the Principles of the Consti- 
tution — The iSelectmen having also acquainted the Town that the 
General had declared it was not in his power to march the Troops 
out of this Town upon this Occasion, or any further to comply 
with their Claim, than by confining them to their Barracks which 
he engaged. The Town tho they receive this answer as a Conces- 
sion of tiie Rectitude of the Claim, vet as the Measure of confining 
the Troops to their Barracks and not removing tiiem out of Town 
is by no means adequate to the extent of their Constitutional 
Right, they cannot proceed to an Election without declaring their 
clear and full sense, that the Residences of Armed Forces in the 
Town, during an Election of so great Importance, is an high in- 
fringement of their Constitutional Rights ; Puotesting that their 
proceeding to an Election under such a Circumstance is wholly 
from necessity and not to be considered as a Precedent in any 
Time hereafter, or construed as a voluntary receeding from the 
incontestable Rights of British Subjects and Freeholders on so 

interesting an Occasion 

Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. one of the Selectmen proposed in their 
Name to the Inhabitants Assembled to proceed to tlie Choice of 
one or more Persons to Represent them in the Great and General 
Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon Wednesday the 31 
Day of May Currant, and in order thereto to Consider and Ascer- 
tain the Number of Gentlemen to be E^lected ; accordingly it was 
Voted, to proceed to the Choice of Four Representatives, and then 
it was declared by the Selectmen that no Votes will be received 
but such as are folded, and that they propose the Poll shall be 

closed at 12. O'Clock 

[138.] The Votes being brought in, the Number of the same 
were found to be Five hundred and eight and upon sorting thera 
it appeared that the Four following Gentlemen were chose — 

Viz'. 

The IIon'''^ James Otis Esq. - - - 502 
The IIou''*^ Thomas Gushing Esq. - - 502 

M^ Samuel Adams 503 

John Hancock Esq. ----- 505 
The choice of Representatives being over and declared by the 
Selectmen, the Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring 
in their Votes for a Moderator of this Meeting in order that the 
Town may proceed in transacting the other AtTairs mentioned in 
the Warrant ; accordingly the Inhabitants withdrew, and brought 
in their Votes & upon sorting them it appeared that the Ilon'''^. 
James Otis Esq. was chosen. 



Boston- Town Recouds, ITfiO. 279 

Tlie Article in the Warrant (Viz'.) " Wln'ther the Town will 
give Instructions to the Gentlemen thit may be chosen to lieijre- 
sent them in the next General Asseml)ly " — was read — whi-'r^'- 

npou 

Voted, That the Town will give Instructions to their Uepre- 
seutatives, and that 

Richard Dana Esq. 

John Adams Esq. 

John Euddock Esq. 

D^ Benjamin Church 

D^ Joseph Warren 

Joshua llenshaw Esq. 

]\r. William MuUineux 
he and hcreliy are Appointed a Committee to consider of & pre- 
pare proper Instructions, which Committee are desired to Keimrt 

as soon as possible 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'Clock P : M : 

3 O'clock. Met according to Adjournment 

[139.] The Committee Ap[)ointed tlie Fourth Day of May 
last relative to the Grist JNIills at the North part of Boston Report 
" Thai your Committee have diligently Searched into ihe state of 
the Facts & Records relative to tlie Affair committed to them, and 
they find that on the liflh of July in the Year lG-i3. there was 
grantetl to one Henry Simons and others; all that Cove on the 
North side of the tht^u Cause-way leading towards Ciiarlestuwu 
with all the Salt Marsh bordering thereon (not before Granted) to 
enjoy the said Cove and Marsh to them their Heirs & Assigns 
forever, but for this intent and on this Condition Viz'. — That 
within three Years they should make and Erect U[)on or near some 
part of the granted rremisses, one or mo:e Corn Mills and main- 
tain the same forever. And for their encouragement Thne hun- 
dred Acres of Land in Braintree was given to the said Sunons 
and others, and if they should carry the Mill Stream througii the 
Marsh on the North East end of Goodman Lows House they 
should have sixty feet in breadtii throughout the Marsh to them 
and their Heirs forever. Y'our Committee also find that by tiie 
said Grant the Town made their reservation, that no other Com- 
mon Mdl should be Erected without their Consent. Y'our Com- 
mittee further find that afterwards Viz'. — on the '27, Day of 
November following, was solemnly Agreed by and between the 
Town and the Grantees; that if the Grantees failed of periorm- 
ing the Conditions of their Grant, they shouM suffer the lo-^s of 
the Cove & Marsh and all other the granted Lands: That llic 
Grant aforesaid should be void: and the Cove Marsh & L:inds 
aforesaid should revert to the Town; as if no such Grant had 
ever been made. Moreover by the last uu^ntioned Agreement, 
thirty three feet of Land in breadth througii the ]\Iarsh was given 
to the Grantees in ad'iition to the former sixty feet, if they should 
set the Mill or Mills between John Gallops Point & Edward Ben- 
dais Cove. And that the Town may more perfectly see anil un ier- 
stand the matter here follows an exact Coi)y of the (i rants <Sc 
Agreements aforesaid (Viz'.) " The 3P'. of >. M°. 1013. ut a 



280 City Document No. 88. 

"Meeting this Dc\v of Jobu AVinth:op Esq. Governor, William 
" Tyng Treasurer Cap'. Gibbins, Valentine Hall, John Oliver, There 
"is Gran;ed unto Henry Simons, George Burden, John Button, John 
"Hill & other Partners, all that [140.] Cove already bounded) 
" on the North side of the Causeway leading towards Charles town, 
" with all the Salt Marsh bordering thereupon round about, not 
" formerly Granted to any otlier, (Reserving liberty from time to 
" time to make use of any part thereof for repairing the said Cau^ey) 
"to have and enjoy the said Cove and Marsh to them and their 
" Heirs and Assigns forever 

" Secondly the said Grant is for this intent and upon this Condi- 
" tion, that the said Grantees their Heirs and Assigns shall within 
" the space of three Years now next following Erect & make 
" upon or near some part of the Premisses One or more Corn 
" Mills & maintain the same forever 

" Thirdly that the said Grantees shall make & maintain for- 
" ever, a Gate of ten feet in breadth, to open with the Flood for 
" passage of Boats into the said Cove, at such Time as they may 
" arrive at, their ordinary landing Places 

" Fourthly, the Town doth Grant unto them their Heirs & As- 
" signs, Three hundred Acres of Land at Braintree for the use and 
" encouragement of the said Mill or Mills 

" Fifthly, that if they shall carry their Mill Stream thro*, the 
" Marsh on the North east end of Goodman Lows House, they have 
" sixty feet in breadth throughout the said Marsh Granted unto 
" them their Heirs and Assigns forever 

" Sixthly, they shall have liberty to dig one or more trenches in 
" the High Way, or Waste Grounds so as they make and maintain 
" sufficient passable & safe Wa3s over the same for Horse & 
"Cart 

" Seventhly, the Town will not allow any other Common Mill to 
" be Erected, except the necessary Occasions of the Town should 
" require it 

" Eighthly, the said Select Townsmen and their Successors shall 
" procure what free help they can (by perswasion) upon any i)ress- 
" ing Occasion of use of many hands about making the Banks or 
" Trenches &c. for the better furtherance of the work to be 
" speedily effected 

[141.] " The 27"". of 9*. M°. 1643 — John Button and John 
" Hill have now resigned all Claim of Interest in the Business of 
" the Corn Mills Agreed the 3P'. of 5'\ 1G43 

" At a Meetiug of the Selectmen on the 27*. of 9*. M°. 1C43. 
" The intent of the Agreement between the Town and the Gran- 
" tees of the Cove &c. for tiie Miln is as follows — ■ — 

" VK That the Grantees shall not be bound to reserve any 
" Marsh if they have occasion to cut it up, but in that case the 
" Towns liberty for repaiiing the Cause-way shall reach to such 
" Land as shall l)e left, be it up or neitiier spilt, 

" 2'^. The said Grantes shall not be bound cither to the making 
"or maintaining, of any such Miln or Milns upon any other penalty 
" than the loss of the said Cove & Marsh & other Land^ CJ ranted 
" return to the Town again, as if it had not been Granted 



Boston Town Records, 1709. 281 

" And for fuvtber explnnatiou it is now Agreed nnd doeKTred 
"between the Town and llio Giantees that if the said (Jrantees 
" shall not go forwaid, nor perfect the said work as it is intended, 
" or hnvini^ perfected the same in any measure, shall see good at 
"any time to give over and not continue to uphold :uid minulnin the 
" siimo. it shall l)e no breach of Covenant on their part only the 
" Giant to be void (& so forth) as before 

" Ard whatsoever Timber or <)tli<'r Materials they shall be at 
" Cost to Erect, or bring U[)on the Land Granted, it shall be law- 
" ful for them to sell off, unto any other Person within the space 
" of one Year, after they shall have left off to proceed in the said 
" work or to uphold & maintain the s:ime being made and finished, 
" provided that if the Town will give them for such Timber Work 
" or other Materials so much as another, they sh:dl have the same, 
" and one Months time for refusal. 

" Moreover there is thirty-three feet in breadth added to the 
" former Grant near Goodman Lows House and both upon Condi- 
" tion the Miln or Mdns may be set between John Gallops Point 
"and Kdward P>endalls Cove — What is contained in this and 
" the two forcg(jiug Pages are tine Copys as entred with the 
" Records of the Town of Boston [14!!^.] J^xamined by Joseph 
" Prout Town Clerk" — The Committee furtlxn' fuid that the 
Grantees soon after the Grant was made Erected the Mills by the 
Mill Bridge between Gallops Point and Bendalls Cove, and main- 
tained the same for many Years ; whereby they book to themselves 
their Heirs & Assigns not only the Cove and the Marsh, but the 
tliirty-three and sixty feet, on each side the Mill Ci'cek, and the 
three hundred Acres of Land in Braintree notwithstanding the 
Grant wns to be utterly void, upon their failing to maintain and 
keep up those Mills, which they h;id Erected as aforesaid and all 
was to revert to the Town. Therefore it appears cletirly to the 
Committee (in as much as those Mills for many Years last i)ast 
have been useless wholly unimproved, & for several Years past 
have been and now remain intirely demolished) that the Grantees 
have absolutely forfeited their Estate which they had i)y virtue of 
the Grant aforesaid ; and the same Estate is reverted to the 
Town 

The Committee are further of Opinion that it would not only be 
legal but Just and equitable as well as ex|)edient if not nece-sary 
for the Town (so far at least as concerns the place where the 
Mills stood by the Mill Bridge with the Mill Creek) to lake the 
forfeiture aforesaid, and take immediately the possession of tlie 
same, and as soon as may be Erect a ]\Iill or Mills in or near 
the place where the old Mills stood, for the following Keasons 
which to the Committee appear- important — Viz'. 

P'. It is much better to be on the defensive than on the offen- 
sive side to be in possession than out of it. 

2'*. Taking the Possession of a part only, when the whole is for- 
feited proves the clemency & moderation of the Town ; and may 
answer future good purposes 

3'^. As the Proprietors (so called) have not only neglected to 
Erect new Mills, when the old ones were rotted down, but they 



282 City Document No. 88. 

keep even the North Mills in such a wretched Condition ; that 
People, in Town cannot have their Grain ground, and it may be 
Nine [143.] Tenths of the Grain landed in Boston is carried to 
Chelsea Roxbury Dorchester Maiden and Charlcstown to the un- 
speakable damage of the Town of Boston 

4"'. Were good Mills Erected at the Mill bridge and Wheat man- 
ufactored into Flour, both for our home ^npply & shipping off, our 
Bread and Flour would be much better than what we now have and 
consequeiitly it would be cheaper, for the portage out of Town and 
in again costs considerable and must make our Bread & Flour 
dearer, and then our own Townsmen would be imployed in the 
stead of Strangers and the Inhabitants in general (especially the 
poorer sort) would be greatly relieved by having the Grist Mills in 
the middle part of the Town, but tliis design of our forefathers in 
the very generous Grant they made to the original Undertakers for 
many Years past, has been iutirely defeated by the present Occu- 
piers and will continue to be so unless the Town take said Mills 
into its own hands again, which the Committee are of O[)inion the 

Town have an undoubted right to do 

5"\ The Proprietors (so called) are a few of them poor & 
needy, — and disconcerted amongst themselves and it seems the 
Interest of some of them to carry Wheat out of Town, so that it is in 
vain to expect any relief from them, but things will certainly grow 
worse & worse with them as they have for many Years past ; 
whereby the Town has already suffered the loss of 'i'housands 
which may not only be preventecl for the future, but it will soon be 
an Estate of considerable early value and income to the Town if 
proper steps are taken for that purpose 

The above Report having been duly considered by the Town 
Voted that James Otis Esq. Moderator 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M"". Henderson Inches 

M^ Jonathan INIason 
[144.] Ezekiel GoldtUwait Esq. 

M'. Edward Payne 

Benjamin Kent. Esq. 

John Barret Esq 
be and hm-eby are Appointed a Committee who are desired & im- 
powered to take possession in behalf of the Town of such part of 
the Premisses as is specified and recommended to be done in said 

Report 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that the Town Treas- 
urer be and he hereby is directed and impowered to give his Negotia- 
ble Notes upon Interest to each of the Overseers of the Poor as are in 
advance for the relief of the Town, for such Sums as appear to be 
due them respectively upon the Audit of their Accounts in March 
last 

The Petition of W. Samuel Hunt Master of the North Lattin 



Boston Town Records, 17G9. 283 

School " that some addition may be made to his present Salary." 
read and considered whereu|)on moved that the Sum of TwtMiiy 
Pounds be added to his Salary ; und the Question beuig accordingly 
put — Passed in the Negative 

M^ Bejamin Dolbcar one of the Overseers of the Poor having 
acquainted the Town that the Roof of the Almshouse was old ami 
dc'fective, and the expence of Re[)air3 like to be con.sidfrable ; it 
would therefore be agreable to them to know the mmds of the inhal)- 
itants, respecting its being either shingled or slated, whereupon it 
was Voted that it be left to the Overseers to cover the Roof as 
Ihey shall Judge proper 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred & twenty Pounds be allowed 
& paid unto M"'. John Lovel for his Salary as Master of the South 
Grammar School for the ensuing Year, the same to be [115.] 
Paid him Quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the 
P2xpiraliou of the last Quarter 

Voted that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M"". Samuel Hunt for his Salary as Master of the North Gram- 
mar Sehool for the ensuing Year, the same to be paid liim (juar- 
terly as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of 
the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds lie allowed aul 
paid unto M^ John Procter I'or his SahuT as Master of the V^rit- 
ing in Queeu Street for the Year ensuing the same to be paid him 
quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the exi)iration 
of the last Quarter. 

Voted, that the Sura of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid untoM^ Samuel Ilolbrook for his Salary as Master ofthe Writ- 
ing School in the Common for the ensuing Year the same to be paid 
him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence at the ex- 
piration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and 
paid unto i\P. John Tileston for his Salary as Master of the North 
Writing School the ensuing Year the same to be paid him quarterly 
as it shall become due, and to commence at the expiration of the 
last Quarter 

\'oted, that the Sum of Sixty Pounds be allowed and paid unto 
M^ James Lovel for his Salary as Usher of the South Grammar 
School for the Year ensuing the same to be paid him Quarterly as 
it shall become due, and to connnence at the expiration of the last 
Quarter 

[14(>.] Voted, that a further Sum of Forty Pounds be allowed 
and paid unto M'. Jarai's Lovel as an encouragement for him to 
remain and exert himself in the Service of the Town the ensuing 
Year; the same to Ix* paid him quarterly as it shall become due, 
and to connnence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of £.';0 — be allowed and paid unto M''. James 
Carter for his Salary as Usher of the Writing School in (iueen Street 
the Year ensuing, the same to be paid him quarterly as it shall be- 
come due, and to commence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that a further Sum of Tweuty five Pounds be allowed and 
paid uuto M'. James Carter as an eucouragemcnt to him for to 



284 City Doctjment No. 88. 

exert himself iu the service of the Town the Year ensuing, the same 
to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to commence 

at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sura of Fifty Pounds be allowed and paid to 
such Persons as the Selectmen shall appoint an Assistant for the 
Master of the Writing School in the Coraraou the Year ensuing, the 
same to be paid him quarterly as it shall become due, and to com- 
mence at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Sum of One hundred Pounds be allowed and paid 
out of the Town Treasury unto IVP. David Jeffries for his Service 
as Treasurer of the Town the Year past, and for all his Expences 

in that Office 

Voted, that the Sum of Thirty four Pounds be allowed and paid 
unto M^ .John Tileston Master of the Writing School at the North 
End for providing an Assistant the Year ensuing [147.] The same 
to be paid him quarterly as it sliall become due, and to commence 

at the expiration of the last Quarter 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be and he hereby is directed and 
impowered to allow the several Schoolmasters Interest on the Sums 
due to them from the date of their Warrants to the Time of pay- 
ment 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Monday the 8. Day 
of May. 9. O'Clock A:M: 

May 8. 9 O'Clock A : M : Met according to Adjournment. 
To the Freeholders and othrr Inhabitants of Boston in Town 

Meeting Assembled May 5. 1769 

Pursuant to a Vote of the Town of Boston at their Annual Meet- 
ing the 4"". of May last desiring the Selectmen to visit the several 
publick Schools in the Town and to invite such Gentlemen to 
accompany them therein as they should think proper & to Report 

thereon 

We the Subscribers accordingly attended that Service on 
Wednesday the 6"". Day of July last accompanied by the following 
Gentlemen — viz*. 

The Hon'''*. James Bowdoin Esq. 
Thomas Hubbard Esq. 
Harrison Gray Esq. 
John Erving Esq. 
Thomas Flucker Esq. 
James Pitts Esq. 
James Otis Esq. 

The Representatives of the Town 
[148.] The Overseers of the Poor 

The Rev*'. Ebenezer Pemberton 
M'. Samuel Mather 
Mather Bjles — D : D : 
Andrew Eliot — D : D : 
Samuel Cooper — D : D 
M''. Samuel Blair 
M'. Peuuil Bowen 
M*". Simeon Howard 
M'. John Lothrop 



Boston Town Records, 1769. 285 

M^ John Walley 

]\F. Treasurer Jeffries 

Samuel Sewall Esq. 

M^ Timothy Newell 

William Phillips Esq. 

Benjamin Austin Esq. 

M^ William Coffin JuQ^ 

M^ John Edwards 

M'. James Perkins 

M"^ Jonathan Simpson Esq. 

D^ Myles Whitworth 

D"". Joseph Warren 

Cap'. Natiianiel Greenwood 

M^ William Davis 

John Seollay Esq. 

Samuel Grant Esq. 

Coll". Thomas Marshall 

]Maj^ James Cunningham 

William Homes Esq. 

Thomas Daw Esq. 

M^ John Mico Wendell 

Samuel Cjuiney Esx. 
And found the South Grammar School had 141 Scholars the North 
[149,] Grammar School ."lo Scholars; the South Writing School 
201 Scholars the North Writing School in Queen Street 200 

Scholars ; all in good Order 

Voted, that the above Report be accepted, and that the Gentle- 
men the Selectmen be desired to visit the publiek Schools the Year 
ensuing, and invite such Gentlemen to accompany them as they 

may think proper 

The Committee appointed for that purpose Reported the follow- 
ing Draft of Instruc!ions which was considered and Voted Para- 
graph by Paragra[)h — after which being several Times distinctly 

rca 1 was accepted by the Town, Nomine-Contradicente 

To the llon''''^. James Otis & Thomas Cushing Esq. ]\P. Samuel 
Adams, & John Hancock. Esq. 
Gentle7nen 

You have once more received the highest Testimony of t^he Con- 
fidence and Affeetion of your Constituents, which the Constitution 
has impowered them to exhibit ; The Trust of Representing them 
in the Great & General Court or Assembly of this Province. This 
important Trust is committed to you at a Time when your Country 
demands the exertion of all your Wisdom, Fortitude and Virtue; 
and therefore it is presumed a free Communication of our Senti- 
ments cannot but be agreable to you 

The first Object of your attention is the Privilege of that As- 
sembly of which you are now chosen to be Members. The Debates 
there must be free : You will therefore exert yourselves to remove 
every thing that may carry the least appearance of an Atterai)t to 
awe'or intimidate. As the Assembly is called to set in the u-^ual 
place, common Decency, as well as the Honor and Dignity of .a 
free Legislative, will require a removal of those Cannon and 



286 City Document No. 88. 

Guards, as well as that clamorous Parade wliieli has been dayly 
round the Court House since the arrival [150.] Of his Majest3-s 
Troops ; andat some times while the highest Courts of Judicature has 
been setting there on the tryal even of Ca[)itol Causes — When this 
Grievance shall be removed, and the Debates of tlic Assembly shall 
be free, it will be natural to enquire into all the Grievances we have 
suffered from the Millitary Power; Why they have been quartered 
in the Body of this Town, in contradiciion to the express words, and 
as we conceive the manifest intention of an Act of Parliment ; 
Why the Officers who have thus violated our Rigiits, have not l)een 
called to account, and dealt wilh as the Law required: Whether 
the Measui-e taken by the Governor of the Province in appointing 
an extraordinary Officer to provide Quarters for the Troops, was 
not an evasion of the Act of Parliament made for the Billeting 
and quartering his Majestys Troo[)sin America (the professed rule 
of their Conchict) and design'd to Elude the Clause of said Act 
purposely providing for the convenience of American Subjects and 
their Security against an excess of Military power : Why the re- 
peated offences and Violences committed by the Soldiery, against 
the peace, and in open Defiance and Contempt of the Civil Majtstrate 
and the Laws have excaped i)i;«iishment in the Courts of Justice: 
And whether the Attorney General has not in some late Instances, 
unduly exercised a power of entring "• Nolle prosequi" upon In- 
dictments without the Concurrance of the Court in obstruction to 
the course of Justice and to the great Encouragement of Violence 
and Oppression. 

And as the quartering of Troops here has proved the Occasion of 
many Evils, we do earnestly recommend to you to use 3'our utmost 
endeavours for a speedy removal of them. 

Should the Expence that has been incurred in providing Barracks 
for the Troops, and sn[)plying them with Necessaries, be required 
of the House of Representatives, we do in the most solemn and ex- 
press manner enjoin you, by no means to comply with such a Req- 
uisition. If the General Court is a free Assembly no Power upon 
Earth has Authority to compel it to pay this Money. Should it ever 
be deprived of its freedom, it shall never with our Consent be made 
[151.] An Engine to drain us of the little Money we have left. 
Another Object of great Importance, and which i-equires your ear- 
liest attention, is a late fragrant and formal Attack upon the Con- 
stitution itself : An Attempt not only to dei)rive us of the Liberteis 
Privileges & Immunities of our Charter, but the Rights of British 
Subjects. We have seen Copies of Letters published here authenti- 
cated l)y the Clerk of the Papers to the Hon'^'^ : House of Commons, 
the Contents of which must have awakened the Jealously of the 
Country — the Design of the Writer is sufficiently apparent: And 
considering his Station as Representative of the first Personage in 
the Empire, and the rank of the Minister to whom he Addressed 
himself, we cannot wonder that Credit has l)een given to his Letters 
in Great Britain and that they have already produced Effects 
alarming to the Colonies & dangerous to both Countrys. It is 
therefore requested that you use the whole Influence you may have 
that the injurious impressions which they have unhappily made, may 



Boston Town Eecords, 17G9. 287 

be removed and that an effectual Antidote may be Adminislred, 
h^'fore the Poison shall liave wrought tlie Ruin of the Constitu- 
tion. 

It is unnecessary for us at this TiuK' to repeat our well known 
vSentiraentsooncerning the Revenue, which is conlinuallvlovied upon 
lis, to our great Distress, and for no oth('r end than to support a 
great Numl)er of very unnecessary Placemen and Pensioners. We 
Lave only to add tliat our .Sentiments upon this Subject are in no re- 
spect changed ; and we expect that you pursue with lirm Resolution, 
and unremitted Ardor, every Measure that may tend to procure us 
Relief ; Never yeildiug your Consent to, or Connivance at the least 
encroachment on our Rights. 

Next to the Revenue iiself the late Kxteusicw of the .Jurisdiction 
of the Admiralty, are our greatest Grievance, The American Courts 
of Admiralty seem to be forming l\y Degrees into a .System that 
is to overturn our Constitution, and to (leprive us intirely of our 
be-t Inheritance, the Law of the Land. It would be thought in 
Engl-md a dangerous Innovation if the Tryal of any flatter v-iiou 
Ijand, w lis given to the Admiral: It would be thought more 
tlireatning still [152.] If the power of Confiscation, over Ships 
and Cargoes for Illicit Trade was committed to that Court — But 
if the Forfeitures of Ships & Cargo 'S, large Penalties upon Masters, 
and such exhorbitcnt Penalties as the treble value of Cargoes, 
u[)on every Person concerned in binding unaccustomed Goods, were 
by Act of Parliament a])pointe(l to be tryed by the Admiral, the 
Nation would think their Liberties irrecoverably lost. 

This however is the miserable Case of North America. In the 
41.8 of the Statute of the 4. of George 111 Chap^ 15. We find 
'• that aH the Forfeiture & PoiaUies injlected b;/ this or any o' her At 
'■' of Parliament, relating to the Trade and ReremuH (f the British 
" Colonies or Plantations in America, which .'•hall be incurred there 
'"'"man be presented, sued fur and recovered in any Court of 
'• A'Imircdiy in the said Colonies" — That those extraordinary Pen- 
alties & Forfeitures are to be heard and tryed — not by a .lury — 
not by the Law of the Land but by the Civil Law and a single 
Judge ! Unlike the Anti'-u'e Barrotis who answered with one voice 
" We will not that the Laws of England be changed which of old 
have been used and im[)roved, " the Pari-ons of Modern Times 
.seem to have answered, that they are willing those Laws should 
b;' changed with regard to America ; in the most tender point and 
fundamental Principle ! 

And this iiardship is the most severe as we see in the same Paae 
of the Statutes, and the Section innnediately [^receding '- that all 
Penalties and Foi'feitures which shall beincnired i:i Great I'ritain, 
shall be piosecuted Sued for and I'ccovered. in any of his Majcstvs 
Courts of Record in Westminster, or in the Court of ICxehcjuer in 
Scotland res[)ectively. " Here is a Contrast that stares us in the 
Face! A partial distinclion that is made between the Sid^jects in 
Great Britai)i and the Subjects in America! the Parliament in one 
Section guarding the People of the Reahn and securing to them the 
benefit of a tryal by Jury and the Law of tlie Land, and by the next 
Session depriving Americans of those important Rights — Is not 



288 City Document No. 88. 

this distinction a brand of disgrace upon every American a Deg- 
radation [153.] Below tlie Hanli: of an English Man? Is it not 
with respect to us a Repeal of the 29 Chap', of. Magna Charta "■ No 
Freeman shall be taken and Imprison e'l, or Deprired of his Freehold 
or Liberties^ or free Oustomfi, or Outlawed and exhiled, or any ctht^r- 
idse destroyed^ nor will ive pass ujion him nor condemn him, but by 
lawfuljudgment of his Piers or the Laic of (he Land F " Englishmen 
are inviolably attached to the Important Right expressed in this 
Clause, which for many Centeeris has been the noblest Monuments 
and fermest Bulwark of their Liberties. One proof of his Attaehe- 
meut, given us by a great Sage of the Law, we think proper to 
mention, not for your Information, but as the best expression 
of the sense of your Constituents. "■ Against this Ancient and 
Fundamentcd Ijaw, and in the Face ther< of says Lord Coke I find 
on Act of Parliament made, that as tvell Justices of Assize, asjustic?. 
of Peace, tcithout any ^finding or presentment of twelve Men, upon a 
bare Informrdion fir the King before them made, should hare fall 
power and Authority by their discretions to hear and try Men for 
Pencdtir? and Forfeitures." His Lordship after mentioning the Re- 
peal of this Statute, and the fate of I'Lrapson & Dudley, who received 
the full weight of the National Vengeance for acting under it, con- 
cludes with a Retlection which if well Considered, might be sufficient 
to discourage such Attacks upon Fundamental Principles. " The ill 
SuccessoflJds Statute and the J earful endof those two O/ircssors, should 
deter others from committing the like, and shozdd admoniJi Parlia- 
ments, that instead of this ordinary and precious Trycd by the Lata 
of the Land, they bring not in absolute & parti cd Trials by dis- 
cretion. — Such are the feelings and Reflections of an English Man, 
U[)Ou a Statute not unlike the .Statute now under Consideration, and 
upon Courts and Judges not unlike the Courts & Jutlgcs of Ad- 
niirality in America. 

The formidable power of these Courts and their distressing 
Course of Froceedings have been severely felt within the Year past ; 
many of your Fellow Citizins having been worn out with Attend- 
ance upon them, in defence against Information for extravagant 
& enormous Penalties. And we have the highest Reason to fear 
from [)ast Experiences [154. J Thr^tif no Relief is obtained for us, 
the Properties & Liberties of this unhappy Countiy, and its Morals 
too, will be ruined by these Courts, and the Persons employed to 
snp|)ort them . 

We therefore earnstly recommend to you, by every legal Meas- 
ure to endeavor that the power of these Courts may be con- 
fined to their j3ro/>er Element, according to the antient P^nglish 
Statutes; and that you Petition & Remonstrate against the late 
Extension of their Jurisdictions ; and we doubt not the other 
Colonies and Provinces who suffer with us under them, will cheer- 
fully harmonize with this in every Jnstiliable Measiu'e that may be 
taken for a Redress 

We need not here take Occasion to Instruct you, that while you 
in the most ample manner testify your loyalty to our gracious 
Sovereign, you will strenuously assert & maintain the Right of the 
Subject Jointly or severally to Petition the King ; or to declare 



Boston Town Records, 17G9. 2<?9 

it as our clear Opinion, that the House of Representatives in 
auy one Province has au undeniable Kight, whenever a .Just 
Occasion shall offer, to communicate their Sentiments ui)on a com- 
mon concern to the Assembly of any or all the other Colonies, and 
to unite with them in humble dutiful & loyal Tetilions for Kedress 

of a general Grievance 

Voted, that this Meeiing be Adjourned to 3, O'Clock P : INI : 

3 O'clock P : ]M : Met according to Adjournm'. 

Voted, unanimouely, that the Instructions given our Kepresenta- 
tives relative to their ("oudnct in tlie General Assembly be published 
in the several News Papers 

U|iou a Motion uiadc and seconded. 

[155.] Voted, that it gives high satisfaction to the Town to be 
informed that our Merchants have so strictly adhered to their 
Agreement relative to a Non Importation of European Meichandize 
and that it be and hereby is reconunended to the Inhabitants not to 
purchase any Goods of those few Persons who have imported any 
Articles in the Vessels lately arrived from Great Britain, not allowed 
of l»y said Agreement, and that on the contrary Ihey will use their In- 
fluence to promote in tliv; way of Trade the Interest of those Gentle- 
men, who have nobly preferre 1 the future wellfare of their Countrj' 
and all North America to any present advantages of their own 

Upon a Motion made and secondetl — Voted, that 
M^ William Whitwell 
Thomas Daws Ksq. 
]Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
M^ Alexander Hill 
M^ Ezekiel Price 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to examine the Town 
Treasurers Accounts now before the Town, and to make a full en- 
quiry into the state of the Town Trcasmy, and the Debts and 
Credits of the Town and also to Report the same at the Adjourn- 
ment together with what Sura (^r Sums may be necessary to be raised 
for the ensuing Year as a Town Tax 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjoui-ned to the 22''. Instant 9 
O'clock. A : M : and that Notifications be issued informing the In- 
liabitauts of the Business which will then come before them 

May 22''. — Town Met according to Adjournment 

The Petition of a number of Inhabitants for paving the \\\)[>t'V 
C4id of Long Lane was read — whereupon Voted, that the Town 
will pay One third part of the Expenee of paving the same [>vo- 
vided it be done to the satislaction of the Selectmen 

[15G. I Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and they 
hereby are appointed a Committee to act upon the LisL of 

Jurors 

Mess". Th:)mas Bayley 
John Gill 
we4"e chose Suvcyors of Boards for the Year enduing 

A Letter from the Gentlemen the Selectmen of Charlestown 
acquainting the Town with the Agreement cntred into l)y the In- 
habitants of that Town not to purchase any Lamb or suffer any to 



290 City Document No. S8. 

he Cooked in their Family's before the first Day of August 1 769 — 
aucl desiring the couciirrance of the Inliabitants of Boston in this 
Measure for Reasons mentioned in said Letter — was read — where- 
upon 

Voted, that Benjamin Kent Esq. 

M^ Ezekiel Price 

M^ Nathaniel Homes 

INP. Benjamin Ilnrrod 

W. Nathaniel Barber 

M^ Jonathan Amory 

M^ John Ballard 

M"". Peter Johonnot 

William Homes Esq. 

M^ William Baves 

]VP. William Boardman 

M'. Thomas Jackson 
be and hereby are appointed a Committee to draw up & procure 
Subscriptions to a Agreement not to purchase any Lamb for Family 

consumption 'till the first of July next 

The Committee appointed to examine the Accounts of M'. David 
Jeffries Town Treasurer have attended that service and find the 
same right Cast and well Vouched, in which he Charges himself 
with some Fines, Rents & other Incomes of the Town as also 
[157.] With the Tax of £()000 — all which amount to the Sum of 

£10744 ,, 10 ,, 5/2 including the Balance of old Accounts. 

And the said Treasurer discharges hinself by sundry Abatements 
made the Collectors amounting to £726 ,, 4 ,, 3. By Drafts made by 
the Selectmen amounting to £3060 ., 1 ,, 5. of which he has paid 
£219!) , 2 ,, 11/2 And l)y Drafts made by the Overseers of the Poor 
which contain the Charges of the Almshouse amounting to £2652 ., 
4 ,, 7/4 of which he has paid £1480 ,, 2 ,, 1/2 — Also by sundry 
Sums paid for Interest amounting to £206 ,, 13 ,, 3/2 the whole 

amounting to £74:"i3 ,, 13 ,, 7/4. 

The said Committee have inspected said Drafts in a very partic- 
ular manner, and have examined the Vouchers produced by the 
Overseers of the Poor for the amount of their Drafts, and every 
other branch of public Charge amounting in all as above to 
£7453 ,, 13 ,, 7/4 as by Account of Town Treasury in the Town 
Treasurers Books Balance whereof being £3290 ,, 16 ,, 10/4 is 
carried to the Credit of new Accounts " which Report and 
Account being read. Voted, that the same be and hereby is 

accepted. 

The Town brought in their Votes for Two Constables, and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

Mess". George Thomas 
John Peirce 

were chose Constables for the Year ensuing 

The Committee Appointed the 8 Instant to examine the Town 
Treasurers Account now before the Town, and to make a full en- 
quiry into the state of the Town Treasury and Debts and Credits 
of the Town, as also to I\ei)ort the same at the Adjournment 
together with what Sura or Sums of Money may be necessary to 



Boston Town Records, 1700. 291 

be raised for the ensuing Year as a Town Tax having attended 

that service, beg leave to lieport as follows. 

Debts due to the Province Treasury, from the Five following 
persons [158,] Collectors May 18 Instant — Viz'. 
Dim from Jon''. Payson Esq. a former Collector for 17()G-£575,,14,,G 

from M'. Sampson Sailer for 17G7 -rt71,,12,,;j 

from M'. Samuel Ruggles Jun^ - - - for 17G7 - G()3,.l(),,7 

from M^ Abraham Savage for 17G7 - 402,,19,,7 

from J\P. Edward IloUyday forl7G7- 7G.,lo.,8 

Balance duo to Province Treasury from the 

above Collectors £2530, ,18, ,7 

Due Irom Jonathan Pavsou Esq. a former Collector ) 

to the Town for 17G6 j £74G,, 7,, 9 

With the above Sum due to the Province Treasury 575, ,14, ,6 

£1322„2„3 
Deduct the Premium from said Sum when paid - - 190,, ,,- 

Leaves a Balance due from said Payson - - - - £1132, ,2, ,3 

Moneys due on interest 

To the Overseers of the I'oor for 1767. & 17G8 - £1011, ,14, ,10 
To the Sum borrowed for the Overseers to purchase 

Grain 400,, — ,, — 

To M'. Laziuhy and M^ Farmer Master of the Work ) rg- _ _ 

House and Alms House ) ^t •>■> 

To the several School Masters 1600,, — ,, — 

To sundry Persons borrowed - 2126,, — ,, — 

To Sum borrowed for M^ MuUiueux ----- 500,, — ,, — 

£G204,,14,,10 
Interest now due to School Masters and others - - 402,, — ,, — 
The Committee also find by Accounts from the "] 

Town Treasurer that the Moneys due to sundry j 

Persons who Kelmilt Faueuil Hall for which }■ 1452,, — ,, — 

the Town pays Interest amount to, as will 

- - - appear from the state of the Lottery hereto 

annexed ------------- 

As the Committee cannot with certainty ascertain 

the Towns part of the Sum on Interest for the 

new Court House and Goal, we suppose it to be 

about £1200,,—,,— 

As also the Charges already commenced for Rebuild- 

iug of the County Goal 900,, — ., — 

Total of the supposed Sum on Interest for the Towns 

part of y*. County Tax -£2100,, — ,. — 

[159.] The state of the Town Tri'asury by the Treastirers 
Accounts in INIarch last stood thus. Debts £851 1 ,, 16 ,, 7. Tlie 
Credits £8821 ,, The Committee would observe here that a jiait of 
the above Credit is under such Circumstances as to roiuler the 
same insuf^vient to disehnrge the Debts by the Sum of £1272 ,, — 



292 City Document No. 88. 

after the Tax of £6000 is paid iuto the Treasury for 1768 — 

Aud the Arrears due from M'. Payson for 176G. amouning to 
£746 ,, 7 ,, 9 — The Interest arising on the above Sum of £Gl'U4 ,, 
14 ,, 10 being £372 — It therefore appears to the Comm""^. necessary 
for the Town to raise the aforementioned Sums arauu:iting to 
£1644 ,, 16 ,, — over and al)Ove what is necessary to defrey the 
Charges of the present Year, which we would suppose to be 
£6355 ,, 4/. so that the whole Sum proposed to be Raised by the 

Town is £8000 provided some more effectual Measures be 

pursued for the payment of the Taxes in the Treasury, than lias 

heretofore been practised by the Town 

State of the Lottery ------ 

1767 — February 10"^. To M\ Temple De Coster - £230,,—,,— 

To Onesipherus Tileston - - 650,, — ,, — 
19: To Samuel Ruggles - - - 312,, — ,, — 

To Thomas Dawes - - - 2G0,, — ,, — 

Notes on Interest £1452,, — ,, — 

Due to John Hancock Esq. 20 

to Robert Gould 13,, 6, ,8 

Leanord Jarvis - - - - - - - - 13,, 6,, 8 



£1498, ,13, ,4 



1769 — May 20 £ 

By Cash in the bands of Thorn'. Gushing Esq. 171, ,10, ,8 

By Ditto in the hands of John Ruddock Esq. 128,, 2,,- 

By Ditto in the hands of Treasurer - - - - 307,, 12., - 



£607,, 4,, 8 
Ballance due 891,, 8, ,8 



£1498, ,13, ,4 



Your Committee are of Opinion it would be for the Interest of 
[160.] The Town to have the Tax for 1769 Collected and i)aid 
into the Treasury by the Time fixed by the Town for the payment 
of the same, the Expence of the Town it is probable w'ould be 
thereby lessoned, as it would be in the power of the Selectmen 
and Overseers of the Poor to purchase what was wanted for the 
Towns use at a much cheaper rate with the Cash then upon 
Credit 

Your Committee are also of Opinion that the Outstanding Debts 
due to the Town should be Collected and paid in forthwith, in 
order to discharge the Interest Money now due, as well as to 
lesson the Principle 

They also recommend to the Town to Choose Collectors to Col- 
lect the Town Tax the next Year sepperate from the Collectors 
for the Province and County, for by having the Taxes come out 
so late in the Year as formerly, the Town has for a considerable 
Time been One Year behind hand — To remedie this in part if the 
Town Tax was laid early and sepperate Collectors chosen, the 



Boston Town Records, 1760. 293 

same or the grciitor part may be Collected in the Year, and thereby 
save a great part of the Sum we otherwise must pay Interest for 
on IMoiiej-s borrowed 

The above Report having been re;id and considered — the Ques- 
tion was put — 'Whether the same shall be acce[)ted — Passed in 
tJic Affermative 

Upon a Motion made and seconded. Voted, that the Town 
Treasurer be directed that in case Major Jonatliun Payson a late 
Collector of Taxes does not pay in to the Town Trea-^urs' his Town 
Tax before July next, or give securit}' to the salisfactii)U of the 
Selectmen, to pay the Principal and Interest thereof — that then 
his Bonds be put in Suit next .luly Court. 

Voted, that the Town Treasurer be directed to call upon all the 
Collectors of Taxes to hasten the Collection of the Taxes com- 
mitted to them 

[1151.] And that if he finds any deficiency, he then call upon 
the I^rovince Treasurer to issue his Executions against them 

Voted, that ]\P. William Whitwell 
Thomas Daws Esq. 
Melatiah Bourn Esq. 
J\P. Alexander Hill 
M\ Ezekiel Price 
be a standing Committee to inspect the state of the Town Treasur}', 
and from time to time to Report U[)on that and other Money 
Matters, and if they see fit to Apply to the Selectmen for a Town 
Meeting to be called upon the same 

Voted, that the Sum of Eight Thousand Pounds be Raised Ity a 
Tax upon Polls and Instates witliin this Town, for Relief of tlic 
Poor and defreying other necessary Charges arising within the 
Town the ensuing Year 

Upon a Motion made and seconded Voted, that M\ William 
Whitwell and others a Standing Committee to inspect the State of 
the Treasury, be a Committee to call upon the late Manufactory 
Company for the Mone}' due from them to the Town and if they 
do not pay the same, that they then apply to the Town Treasurer 
to bring an Action against them for the same 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Warden in tlie room of 
]\P. William Powell, excused from serving on account of his 

Health — :ind upon sorting them it appeared that 

M^ John Cuiuiinghnm 

was chosen a "Warden for the Year ensuing 

Voted, that all Matters and Things which remain unfinished at 
this Meeting be and hereby are referred over to the next General 
Town IMeeting to be then Considered of and acted upon at said 
Meeting. 

[H>^.] Voted, unauiinonsly that the Thanks of the Town be 
& hereby are given to the Hon'''". James Otis Esq. the Moderator 

of this Meeting for dispatching the liusiness thereof 

Then the Meetinar was dissolved. 



204 CiTi' Document No. 88. 

At a Meeting of the Fi-eoholders and other Inhal)itants of the 
Towu of Boston legally qnalitied & warned in publiek Town 
Meeiiiig Assembled at Faueail Hall on Tuesday the 13"". Day of 
June Anno Domini 176'J 

Warrant for calling the Meeting read 



The Ilon'^''^. James Otis Esq. was chosen Moderator, but the 
Constable not being able to find him, the Town proceeded to the 
choice of another, and upon bringing in the Votes nppeared that 
Richard Dana Esq. was chosen, who took the Oaths respecting 
his paying and receiving Bills of Credit of the Governments of 
Connecticut, New Hampshire and Rhode Island as required by an 

Act of this Province 

[163.] The Committee Appointed on the 4 Day of May last 
relative to the Grist Mills at the North part of Boston — Report 
— That on the twenty-seventh Day of May A D: 1769 they did 
imrsuant to Appointment Repair to the Premisses mentioned in the 
Report of a former Committee made to the Town the fifth of said 
May, and there took some Possession and Seizon of that part of 
the Premisses — viz'. — The Land whereon tlie Grist Mills lately 
stood, and the Lauds Adjoining to and about the same, in the 
Name of the whole, this the Committee did in behalf of the In- 
habitants of the Town of Boston 

In the Name and by direction of the Committee 

James Otis 
We the Subscribers were present and saw the Committee aforesaid 
take Possession and Seizon of the Premisses aforesaid as above 
mentioned by Turf & Twig, and left them in quiet Possession of 

the same May 27. 1769 Jonas Bond, Thomas 

RoBBiNS, Jun"". 

The above Repoi t having been read — Voted, that the same be 

accepted 

The Article in the Warrant relative to the Grist Mills by the 
Mill Bridge was read and Considered, whereupon Voted that 

The Hon''''. James Otis Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

John Ruddock Esq. 

John Hancock Esq. 

Samuel Pemberton Esq. 

M''. Henderson Inches 

M^ Jonathan Mason 

Ezekiel Goldthwait Esq. 

M"". Edward P;iyne 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 

John Barrett Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to pursue what [164.] 
Steps may be necessary for recovering the actual Possession of the 
Dwelling House and Land near to the Grist Mills by the Mill 
Bridge, as also to prosecute in the Law such Suit and Suits as 
may be effectual for obtaining for the Towu quiet Possession of 
said Premisses, or any part thereof ; and to pursue the same untill 
final Juduement and Execution 



Boston Towx Rkcords, 17()9. 21)5 

John Tudor Esq. and some otli-rs of th" rroprictors of tlie 
Grist Mills near tlie Mill Bridge l)eing presjut were (nl lln-ir 
desire) heard Ih.; ^Matters relali\e to said ^lilLs now undi'r tlio 
Consideration of the Town, and aftrrwards upon a Motion made 
and seeonded. It was Voted, that the above Committee be and tin y 
hereby :ire Appointed a Committee, lo Confer with the Pro[)rietors 
of said Mills, the Major part of them, or such a Committee as they 
shall a[)point, relative to said Mills, & receive such Proposals as 
they shall give in Writing under their hands & Report the same to 
the Town at the Adjournment of this Meeting, that so the Town 
may proceed further thereon as shall be thought proper, an<l this 
the Committee are desired to do before any Suit is brought for 
possession of said i)remisses 

The Petition of Jonathan Payson Esq. a late Collector of Taxes, 
that three Months longer Time may be allowed him to Collect his 
Outstanding Debts and pay the Town — was read and Consitlered ; 
and the Question being put Whether the same shall be accepted — 
Passed in the AfTermaiive 

Adjourned to Tuesday the 4 July 3 0"Cloek P : M : 

Tuesday July 4 17G9. 3 O'Clock P: M: Met according to Ad- 
journment. 

[165,] The Committee relative to the Grist I\Iills Report — 
That they had met a majority of the Proprietors, who appeared 
for themselves & the other Proprietors absen'. and conferred with 
them relative to the ^Matters desired, and had also receiveil Pro- 
posals from said Proprietors iu Writing which they herewith 

present to the Town 

Joseph Jackson Chaiiman 

The Committee to conferr with the Proprietors of the Mills and 
to receive any proposals in Writing and hand in to the Town ;it the 
Adjournment, have Reported to the Town certain Proposals, which 
they had just received from the Proprietors, which Proposals being 
read and largely debated — the Question was put — Whether the 
Proposals shall be accepted — Passed in the Negative Nemine 
Contr 

Voted, imanimously that the Thanks of the Town be and hereby 
are given to Richard Dana Esq. the Moderator of this Meeting, 
for disi)atching the Business thereof 

Then the Meetinsr was dissolved 



At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned iu public Town ^Nleet- 
iug Asseml)led at Fanenil Hall on Tuesday the 4"* July Anno 
Domini 1 7G!). 4 O'Clock P : M : 

Warrant for calling the ^Meeting - read. 

[1(»(S.] Ivichard Dana Esq. was chosen ^Moderator of this 
Meeting, & took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments a.s required by an Act of 
this Province 



296 City Document No. 88. 

The Petition of a great uumber of respectable lubabitants set- 
ting forth — " That some Persons liave as they are informed from 
good Authority, petitioned or requested of his Excellency fSir 
Francis Bernard Barrunet, Commander in Chief of this Province, 
that the 14"' or some other other Kegiment m-dj be detained in this 
Town in order to protect their Lives and Properties, notwithstand- 
ing the Laws of the Land make ample provision for the Security 
of all his Majestys Subjects, without the aid of any Military force 
wliatever ; and fearing such Report may be Represented to Ad- 
ministration as the Sense of the Inhabitants, they pray that such 
steps may be taken as the Town shall think [)r(;per, to prevent the 
ill effects of such Representations, and to convince the World that 
the Residence of a Military Power in the Body of this Metropolis 
Is upon various Considerations; quite disagreable to the lubabi- 
tants " — was read and Considered — and the following Votes 
passed 

Whereas this Town have in diverse ways, more particularly in 
a late humble Petition to our most gracious Sovereign, expressed 
their Grief and astonishment to find Accounts liad been trans- 
mitted from hence to Administration representing this Town to be 
in a state of disorder and confusion, and in oj^position to the due 
restraints of Law and Constitutional Authority' thereby inducing 
the necessity of a military Power to aid the Civil Majestrate and 
preserve the Peace; And whereas in said Petition the Town de- 
clare these Accounts to be ill grounded which have i-epresented 
them as held to their Allegiance & Duty, only by the Band of 
Terror and the force of Arms, and at the same time humbly sup- 
plicate his Majest}^ to remove tiie Military power now among ns, 
which they were unanimous in their Opinion was a Power unnec- 
essary — a power nnfavourable to Commerce [1G7.] Des^tructive 
to Morals, dangerous to Law, and tending to ovcrtln'ow tlie Civil 
Constitution — therefore Voted, unanimously Tliat such Pei sons 
among us if any such there be as have Petitioned Governor Ber- 
nard, or in an}' other way signified tlieir desire, that some of the 
Troops may be detained for the preservation of their Persons & 
Properties have tlierein counteracted the declared Sense of the 
Town, discovered themselves ignorant of its true Interest, and 
highly inamical to its Peace and Prosperity — also 

Voted unanimously, that if on any Occasion it should become 
necessary, tlie Town are and always have been ready to Obey and 
Assist the Civil Majestrate in the due Execution of the good and 
wholesome Laws of this Laud, wliich they are -of Opinion will be 
sutHcient for the preservation of peace and good crder, without 
any Military and Ibireign aid whatever 

tjpon a Motion made and seconded — Voted, that the aforegoing 
Votes be printed in one of the publick News Papers, subject to 
the Corrections of the Moderator, he not to depart from the sense 
thereof 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanks of the Town be and 
hereby are given to Richard Dana Esq. the Moderator of this 
Meeting for dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



BosTOX Town Records, 17r)9. 207 

[168.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publieic Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faiieuil Hall on Wednesday the 4"' Day of 

October Anno Domini ITGD 

AVarrant for calling the Meeling read. 

The Hon'''''. Thomas Cnshing Esq. was chosen Modi'rator of this 
^Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting his paying and I'eceiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments, as required by an Act 

of this Province 

Agreable to the Notification of the Selectmen it was ordered 
that the authentick Copies of the several Letters Memorials &c. 
wrote by Governor Bernard, Commodoie Hood, the Commissioners 
of the Customs and others, to the Ministry, which were laid before 
the Parliament and transmitted to the Selectmen by WiUiam 
Bollan Esq. be read, so far as they relate to this Town : And they 

were read accordingly 

A Motion was then made, and it was unanimously Voted, Tliat 
the Thanks of the Town be and hereby are given to AV'illiam Bollan 
Esq. for his generous care in transmitting to th(! Selectmen 
authentiek Copies of Letti-rs wrote to his Majestys Ministers of 
State, by Governor Bernard, General Gage, Commodore Hood 
and others, and also of several Memorials of the Commissioners 
of the Customs in America — In which Letters and INIeraorials the 
Disposition and Conduct of the Inhabitants of the Town have 
been grossly misrepresented to their Sovereign, in Consequence 
whereof they have been sensibly affected with the Marks of his 
Majestys [l69.] Disi)leasure — And that the Moderator be 
directed to transmit this Vote of Thanks to M^ Bollan, for so 
seasonable and important a service. Also 
Voted, unanimously, that 

Tli^e IIon'''^ Thomas Gushing Esq. 

I\P. Samuel Adams 

John Adams Esq. 

The non''"^. .lames Otis Esq. 

D"". Joseph Warren 

Bichard Dana Esq. 

Joshua Henshaw Esq. 

Joseph Jackson Esq. 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be and hereby are Appointed a Committee to Consider what 
Measures are proi)er to be taken to vindicate the Character of tlie 
Town from the false and injurious representations contained in 
the Letters & Jlemorials afonsaid, and Report at the Adjourn- 
ment of this Meeting 

After whicli U[)on a Motion made the following Vote was unani- 
mously passed 

The iMerchants not only of tliis Metropolis but through the Con- 
tinent having nobly |)referred the pul)lick Good to theii' <iwn pii- 
vate Emolument: And with a View to obtain a Rcihess of the 
Grievances so loudly and Justly comi)laiued of, having almost 
unanimously engaged to suspcuid tlieir Importation from Great 
Britain : A' Measure ai)i)roved by all Orders as legal peaceable, 



298 City DocUxMent No. 88. 

and most likel}- of all other to effect the salutary design in view ; 
;md which will be regarded b}' Posterity with Veneration, lor the 
disinterested and truly publick Spirit appearing in it : The Town 
cannot but express their Astonishment and Indignalioii, that any 
of its Citizens should be so lost to the feelings of Patriotism, and 
the common Interest, and so thorouglily & infamously selfish as 
to obstruct tJtis very Measure, by continuing their Importation 
[110.] Be it therefore solemnly Voted, that the Names of those 
lV>rsons/(??y indeed to the Honor of the Town, viz' John 13eunai;d, 
Nathaniel Rogers Theophilus Little, James McMasteus and 
CoMrANY, John Mein, Thomas Hutchinson Jun"^. and Elisha 
Hutchinson — be entred on the Records of this Town, that 
J'osierily may know, who those Persons were that [)referred their 
little private advantage to the common Interest of all the Colonies, 
in a point of the greatest Importance ; who not only descried but 
opposed their Couutry, in a struggle for the Rights of the Consti- 
tution, that must ever doit honor: And who with a design to 
enrich themselves, basely took Advantage of the generous self 
denial of their Fellow Citizens for the Common Good. 

Ordered that the aforegoing Votes be printed in the Several 
publick News Papers 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Wednesday the 18 
Instant at 10 O'Clock in the Fore-Noon 

October 18 10 O'Clock A:M:Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

The non*"'^. James Otis Esq. Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed to transmit a Petition of the Town to the Ilon'^'". Isaac 
Barre Esq. of Loudon by him to be presented to his Majesty; 

received the following Letter which was read to the Town 

Bath July 20 17G9. 
Sir 

I had the honor of receiving your Letter with its Inclosures on 
the first of June. It gives me very great satisfaction to lind that 
my publick Conduct continues to meet with the apprc^bation of so 
respectable a Body of his Majestys loyal Subjects, and 1 feel my- 
self much llatter'd with receiving the Commands of the [171.] 
Inhabitants of Boston — I am now to acquaint you that the Day 
after your Letter reached my hand I bad the honor of laying at 
the Kings Feet, tlie Petition which you transmitted to me, ad- 
dressed to his Majesty. 

Your Fellow Citizens, Sir, may rest assured that their applica- 
tion to the Throne for Redress, has not upon this occasion been 
intercepted 

Their situation ami Grievances are stated by themselves, are 
ni>w fully known to their Sovereign, whose Princely Virtues give 
them abundant reason to be perswaded with me, that liis heart 
will feel and his own genuine wisdom will in due course of time 
dictate the most proper methods of alleviating the distresses of his 
faithful Subjects, however remote they may be from his Royal' 
Presence 

Permit me to add my sincere wishes that tiie future measures 
for the better governing of America may be of such a conciliating 



Boston Town Records, 1769. 299 

nature as will effectually restore that alTectiou and obedience 
■which formerly characterized all the tlependances of this great 

Nation 

I am 

with personal esteem and regard 
Sir 
Your most obedient & most 

humble servant 
Isaac L5aiu:ke 

The Committee appointed the 4 Instant " to Considei what 
INIeasures are proper to be taken to vindicati' the Character of the 
Town fiom the false and injurious Kcpresentations contained in 
the Letters & Memorials wrote by (Governor Bernard. Commodore 
Hood, the Commissioners of the Customs and othei s " Reported a 
Draft; And upon a Motion made and seconded, the Same was 
recommitted, and the Committee desired to Report ajjain in the 
Afternoon. 

Voted, that this IMeeting be Adjourned to 4 O'Clock. P : M : 

[173.] October 18'^ 4. O'Clock P:M: Met according to 
Adjournment 

'l"he Inhabitants brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes 
in the room of M^ Samuel Ruggles Juu''. who declined serving and 

upon sorting them it appeared that 

M^ Jacob Wendell 
was chosen into that Office 

The Committee according to Order, again Reported ? Draft 
relative to Governor IJeruard. Commodore Hood, General Gages 
& Commissioners Letters and Memorials, (see at tht' close of this 
Year the same recorded at large) — which Report l)eing read and 
coiisid.Tcd, was unanimously accepted, and Ordered to be pub- 
lished and the Committee were directly respectfully to transmit a 
printed Copy of the same to the following Gentlemen. Viz'. — 
The Uou^'^. Coll". Isaac Barree E^q. a Member of rarl..Vinent, 
Ills Excellency Thomas I-'otcnall E^^q. late Governor of th'.s Prov- 
ince, and a Memljer of rarliament, Benjamin Franldin Esq. 
Doctor of Laws. William Boll'in Esq. Agent for his Majestys 
Council of this Province, iJennis Deberdt Esq. Agent for the 
House of Representatives, and Barlow Trecothick li-q. Alderman 
of the Ciiy of Lomlon, and a Member of Parliament 

Then the Connnittcc made Report of tiie following Pcsolves 
Viz'. 

Resolved, That the Letters and INIemorials of Governor Bernard 
and the Commissioners of the Customs in Anierica, transmitted by 
them respectively to his Majestys Ministers, and laid before the 
Parliament of Great Britain, authentick Copys ot which are now 
before this Town, had a tendency to deceive the Ministry, and. lead 
tliem unavoidably to misinform his Majesty, with Regard to the 
Affections and "loyalty of his American Subjects in general: 
[17^».l And that' the' said Governor B^'ruard and the Commis- 
sioners have- perticularly in their Letters and Memorials before 
mentioned, discovered an implacable Enmity to this Town, and ihd 



300 City Docoiext No. 88. 

most virulent Endeavors to traduce it even to his Majosty himself, 
b}" Means whereof the Inhabitants very sensibly feel the Dis- 
pleasure of their gracious S«jvereign 

Resolved, Tliatthis Town have Reason to rejoice in the Measure 
taken by the Hon'''®. House of Representatives, in the last Session 
of Ihe General Assembly ; by so seasonably preferring their dutiful 
and loyal Petition to his Majesty, for the removal of Governor 
Bernard forever, from the Government of this Province : And the 
Town take this Oppoitunity to express their most ardent wish, 
that the Prayer of said Petition to his Majesty may be graciously 
heard and granted 

Resolved, That General Gage and Commodore Hood in their 
Several Letters to his Majestys Ministers and Servants, authentick 
Copies of which are now before the Town, have discovered an 
unreasonaI)le Prejudice against the Town. And the General in 
particular, in declaring in his Letter to the Right Hou'''^ the Earl 
of Hillsborough, one of his Majestys Secrataries of State that " in 
truth there was very little Government in Boston " and in making 
use of other Expressions alike severe, has done great injustice to 
the Town, and an irreparable injur\'. And it is moreover the 
Opinion of the Town, that the readiness he has discovered to 
receive unfavourable Impressions of it, and the publick Testimony 
he was prevailed on to bear against it, before he could have had 
Time to make an impartial Enquiry, betrayed a want of Candur 
unbecoming his Station and Character 

Resolved, That many of the Letteis & Memorials aforesaid are 
false scandalous and infamous Libels upon the Inhabitants of this 
Town, Province and Continent, of the most virulent and Malicious, 
as well as dangerous and pernicious tendency : And that the 
Selectmen be and hereby are directed, to apply and complain to 
proper authority, that the wicked Authors of these incendiary 
Libels, may be proceeded with [174.] According to Law, and 
brought to condign punishment. 

Voted, That Mess". Edes and Gill have the printing of the 
vindication of the Town of Boston from the many false and ma- 
licious Aspersions contained in Governor Bernard, and others 
Letters &c. as Reported by the Committee 

The Committee appointed by the Town to inspect the State of 
the Town Treasury, from Time to Time and make Report upon 
that and other Money Matters, now Report, That M^ Payson a 
late Collector has paid the Town Treasurer £2 ,, 12 ,, 8 since their 
former Report, and also the Province Treasurer £107 — So that 
there is still due to the Town Treasurer £743 ,, 15 ., 1. and to the 
Province Treasurer £448 ,, 4 ,, 6 lawful Money 

Upon a Motion made Voted, unanimously That the Thanks of 
this Town be and hereby are given to the Hon'''®. Isaac Barree Esq. 
a Member of Parliament for his singular Service to the Town in 
waiting upon our gracious Sovereign in Person, and presenting to 
his Majesty their humble and dutiful Petition for the Redress of 
Grievances, and that 

The Hon"'®. Thomas Cushiug Esq. 
M'. Samuel Adams 



Boston Town Records, 17G9. 301 

Joha Adams Esq. 

The Hon'"^ James Otis Esq. 

D^ Joseph Warren 

Richard Dana Esq. 

Joshua Uenshaw Esq. 

Josepli Jackson Esq. & 

Benjamin Kent Esq. 
be a Committee respectfully to transmit this Vote of Tliaidcs to 

Coll". Barree as soon as may be 

Voted, unanimously, that the Thanlcs of [175.] The Town be 
and hereby are given to the Ilon*^'*^. Thomas Cashing Esq. Mod- 
erator of this Meeting for dispatching tlie Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



At a Meeting of the Ereeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston legally qualified and warned in publick Town 
Meeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Monday the 13 Day of 
Is'ovember Anno Domini 17G9 

Warrant for calling the Meeting - read 



The Hon'''^. James Ot'S Esq. was chosen Moderator of this 
Meeting, and took the Oaths respecting ids paying and receiving 
Bills of Credit of the other Governments as required by an Act 
of this Province 

The Inhabitants were directed to withdraw and bring in their 
Votes for a Collector of Taxes fur the present Year; and upon 

sorting them it appeared that 

]\F. Benjamin Henderson 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year 17G9 



Voted, that this Meeting he Adjourned to 4 O'Clock P : M : 

4. O'clock ^let according to Adjournment 

[176.] M^ Benjamin Henderson who was chosen in the 
Fore-No'Mi a Collector of Taxes. ai)peared, and acquainted the 
Town, that having thoughts of removing into the Country, it 
would not be convenient for him to serve in that Ollice — And 
therefore desired the Town would be [)leased to excuse liis serving 
— whereupon 

Voted, that M'. Benjamin Henderson be excused from serving 
in the Otfice of a Collector of Taxes to which lie had been 
chosen 

The Town brought in their Votes for a Collector of Taxes, and 
upon sorting them it appeared tii:it 

Cai)'. Samuel Dashwood 
was chosen a Collector of Taxes for tlie Year 1 769 

Cap'. Samuel Dashwood chosen into the Office of a Collector of 
Taxes came into Meeting, and prayed t!ie T'-wn. that he might be; 
excused from serving in said Office — wlicreupon it was Voted 
that he be accordingly excused 

A Motion WMS made and seconded that the Town come into 
some Methods for pteveiiting the Forestalling of the Market, 
which is a great and growing evil, after some debate had thereon 



802 City Document No. 88. 

it was moved and carried, that the further Consideration of this 
Motion be referred over to the Adjournment 

Voted, that the Town Clerk be directed to procure Copys of 
such Dills as l)ave at au}' Time been presented to the General 
Assembly relative to forestalling of the Market, or any other 
Documents respecting this practise, to be laid before the Town at 
the Adjournment of this Meeting 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday the 17 of 
tills Instant 10 O'Clock. Before-Noon 

[177.] Fryday November 17. 10. O'CIock A : M : Town met 
according to Adjournment 

The Meeting being thin and the Weather very Cold, it was 
Voted, that the Meeting be Adjourned to the Selectraens Cham- 
ber 

The Town taking into Consideration the great loss the Inhabi- 
tants sustain by means of the pernitious practise of forestalling 
the Market, which is a growing Evil, and as detrimental to the 
Interest of the Landholder or Farmer as it is to the People of this 
Metropolis 

Voted, that the Gentlemen the Selectmen be and hereby are 
appointed a Committee to take thrj Matter into Consideration, and 
to consult the best methods that m:iy be taken to obtain at the 
next Session of the Great and General Assembly of this Province, 
such an Act as may be effectual to remedie the Evil complained 
of, and also to prevent the Incumbrances in the Streets near 
Market Square, by means of the Country People placing their 
Horses and Carts in said Street instead of bringing them with 
their Provisions into the Market Enclosures 

Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to Fryday next being 
the 24 Instant. 10. O'Clock^Befoie-Noou 

Fryday November 24 10. O'CIock — Before Noon Town met ac- 
cording to Adjournment 

Voted, that the Thanks of ihc Town be and hereby are given to 
the Moderator of this Meeting The IIon'''^ James Otis Esq. for 

dispatching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



[178.] At a Meeting of the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Boston legally qualified & warned in publick Town 
IMeeting Assembled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 8 Day of 
December Anno Domini 17G9 



Warrant for calling the Meeting - - - - read 



Joshua lionshaw Esq. was chosen Moderator of this Meeting, 
find took the Oaths respecting his paying and receiving Bills of 
Credit (>f the Governments of Connecticut, New Hampyhire and 
Rhode Island, as required l.)V an Act of this Province 

The Petition of M^ Hugh M^ Daniel, '' setting forth that he is 
nowa Prisioner in his Majestvs Goal for Non Payment of his Taxes 
for 17GG & 17G7. amounting in the whole to £22 ,, 12 ,, 8 as well as 
for other Suits ; and praying such relief as to the Town may seem 



Boston Town Records, 17(59. 303 

meet" — was read, and after considerable debate had thereon — 
n Motion was made, that the said Petitioner might have leave to 

withdraw his Petition 

JSP. Benjamin Henderson 

was chosen a Collector of Taxes for the Year 17G9 

Adjourned to Wednesday' December K». 4. O'Clock P : M : 

Deceml)er 13. 4. O'Clojlc P: M : Met according to Adjourn- 
ment 

[ITi).] Voted, that the Thanks of th^; Town be and hereby are 
given to Joshua Ilenshaw Esq. tlie Moderator of this Meeting for dis- 
patching the Business thereof 

Then the Meeting was dissolved. 



The Report of the Committee appointed to vindicate the Town 
of Boston from the many false and malicious Aspersions contained 
in certain Letters and Memorials, written by Governor Bernard, 
General Gage, Commodore Hood, the Commissioners of the Ameri- 
can Board of Cu><toms, and others, and by them respectively 
transmitted to the British Ministry, which was laid before the Town 
and accepted, at a General Meeting of the Freeholders and Inhab- 
itants, the 18. of October last, is as follows, — Viz'. 

Tlie Town of Boston having by the generous care of William 
BoUan Esq. formerly a very worthy Inh:d)itant in it, but now a 
Resident in London, received autlientick copies of Letters Memo- 
rials &*=. written by Governor Bernard, General Gage, Commodore 
Hood, the Commissioners of the American Board of Customs, and 
others, and laid before the Parliament ; which cont:iinmauy base iu- 
siuuations and virulent charges of an high nature against tlic Town : 
The Freeholders and Inhabitants in a legal Town Meeting assem- 
l)led for the purpose, have considered the same. As they have not 
yet been favoured with the particular vouchers : if indeed these 
Gentlemen have produced any to the Ministry [ISO.] Before whom 
they laid their accusations, it cannot be expected they should 1)6 
enabled to make so full a vindication of the Town as otherwise 
they might : Thej have however endeavoured to e.Ktract from those 
writings, so far as the Town is concerned in them, niid to Iny be- 
fore the publick their true spirit : From whence it will aijpear how 
re-^lless. Governor Bernard & his Associates have been in their 
malicious intriiiues to traduce not this Town and Province, alone, 
bii' the whole British American Continent. 

In his Letter to the Earl of Shelburne. dated March ID. 1 7GH he 
tells his Lordship that " he sees such an opi)ositioii to the Com- 
missioners and t'leir Officers, and such a defyaiice to the Au liority 
by which they are ai^pointed, continually growing, that he can no 
longer excuse his informing his Lordsliii> <.f the detail of facts, 
from whence the most dangerous consequer.ces are to be expected " 
— It is observable here, how artfully he connects an opposition to 
the Commissioners with a defiance of the authority by which they 
are appointed ; and this with an apparent design to represent this 
Town as disaffected to his Majestys Govenimeut in general, than 



304 City Document No. 88. 

which nothuig can be more false and raalieious. Thcit the People 
should entertain the highest disgust of a Board, instituted to 
superintend a Revenue to be raised from them without their con- 
sent, which was and still is exacted with the utmost rigor, is 
natural ; after they had so loudly as well as Justly complained of 
the Revenue itself, as depriving them of the very idea of liberty: 
But it cannot be said witii the least appearance of truth that they 
set at defiance the Kings authoiity, at the \evy time when they 
were actually yielding obedience to those Revenue Laws, under all 
the hardships of them, and were patiently waiting for the happy 
issue of their Just complaints, and their humble petitions to tiieir 
Sovereign for the redress of their Grievances — The Commissioners 
had liowever at that time surely no reasonable grounds to expect 
any injury to their Persons or interruption in their Office ; for they 
had been more than four months in the Town, without tlie least 
danger of this kind, although they had from tlieir first arrival dis- 
covered [181.] Such an arrogance an insolence of Office as let 
many Persons to apprehend that they aimed at nothing less than 
provoking the People to such a degree of intemperance as to make 
an appearance of it. But being disappointed in this, more shifts 
& pretensions are to be sought after ; and accordingly we lintl ]\P. 
Bernard beginiug his detail: to his Lordship with telling him 
there had been "'frequent reports of insurrections intended, in 
which it liad been said, the Houses of one or more of the Com- 
missioners were to be pulled down " The Governor it is to be 
observed relics much upon Reports in his Letters even to Ministers 
of State, while few if any among us ever heard of such Reports : 
He does not so much as attempt to make it appear to his Lordship 
that these frequent Reports were brought to him by Persons of 
credit, or that tliey were well grounded ; and it is very much to be 
questioned, whether he received his intelligence from any other 
Persons than the Commissioners themselves, their Dependents & 
Expectents, the number of whom are increaseij to an enormous 
degree, more than sufficient to devour the whole Revenue, and 
many of them are of the most abandoned characteis. But to give 
a colouring to these Ideas of an Insurrection, there must be some- 
thing more alledged than barely that there had been frequent Re- 
ports of its being intended ; and therefore his Lordship is told of 
an event which in fact took place as some few remember, but the 
story is wrought up by the Governor with all the strokes of 
masterly invention to serve the purpose " A number of Lads says 
he peraded the Town with a Drum and Hoin" And what possible 
harm could there be in that? Why among otlier Houses, "they 
passed by the Council Chamber when he was Sitting in Council" 
And did they stop to insult the Governor and Council? Such a 
circumstance' would doulitless have embellished his Excellencies 
Narrative. There passing by however carried the air of an insult, 
tho' in all likelihood the unlucky Boys might not know that his 
Excellency was there — But they had "'assembhxl before M\ Pax- 
tons House" and least it should be forgot iiis Lordship is reminded 
that M'. Paxton is a '' Commissioner " — And did they do M'. Pax- 
ton the Commissioner any injury, yess truly '' they huzzard " & 



Boston Town Records, 1709. 305 

went off then they " invested M'. Burchs House " And bis Lordship 
is also told [182.] That M^ Biirch is '• another Commissioner" 
— and " his Lady & Children were obliged to go out of the back 
door to avoid the danger that was threatned " bo that they were 
not threatned with mischief, bntwiih danger only. It has been 
usual for the Commissioners to affcet an apprehensiun of danger 
to themselves and their Families, to serve the purposes they had 
in view. There is indeed no accounting for the real fears of 
Women and Children : The Ladys however can sometimes vie with 
their Husbands in intrigue, ancl are thoroughly versed in I he art 
even of' political aijpeara.ice. And it is said tluit all arc Polilicians 
in this Country: Whether this Lady whom (iovernor Bernaid lias 
polUdy ushered into the view of the i)ul)lie, realhi tliought herself 
in danger or not, it is incumbent on liim to show that there were 
Just grounds for her ap|)rehensi')ns, that INP. Lurch's House was in 
fact •' iuve.>ted " and that '' the uio^t dangerous consequences wei-e 
to be expected ■' The World maybe assured there was not the 
Last appearance of this kind ; ami N^ct, these are M'. Bernards own 
declarations to his Majestys Minis:ers, gi'ounded upon vague and 
idle Reports, beneath oue t)f his rank and station t(j take any 
notice of, and especially with a design to misrepresent. He 
expresses a surprize and surely he must counterfeit it, that this 
matter of '' the [)ara(Ie with the Drum and Horn " was after all 
treated as the diversion of a few Boys, as it is still thought to 
have been by all who can reuiembcr so I riffling an occurrance, ex- 
cept the Governor and his Adherents — the diversion of a few 
tnn'icoU, tho' pcrh"')s vulgar Boys, who neither did nor intended 
to do the k'ast harm to them or any other persons, nor were tliey 
aide to effect it if they had such a design. But after this says M^ 
Bernard ''it was reported that the insnrrection was postponed till 
the 18"'. of March" the idea is still kept up of a (IcsUjaed insurrec- 
tion, how else could \t hii pnstponed and "two Persons says he, 
one of them INF. Paxton a Commissioner x^a.^ mentioned as devoti'd 
to the resentment of a Mob " It is strange no Person should 
have heard of all this l)nt the Governor and his Informers for he 
tells his Lordship that •• he took all the i)ains he could to discovi-r 
the truth of this Rejx)rt ; " and "on the very day l)efore he sjioke 
wi:h [1S.*5.] The most knowing Men he could procure," who had 
heard nothing about the matter. At length however " late in the 
ICvening he had certain advice that the Ltllgies were prei)aretl. imt 
it was too late to do any thing, & his information was of (Iiat 
na'ure, he could not make use of it in pablic " To induce his 
Lordship however to believe that the ltei)orts of Ihe lusurredioH 
which was postponed to the 18 of Mai'ch, with eveiy eiixannstanee 
as Just now related, were well grounded, he tells him as if it was 
design^^d to be the prelude to the whole, that " early in the Morn- 
ing 'the ShorilT inform, d him that the Klllgies of iVP. Paxt(Mi and 
M'. Williams were in truth hanging u[)on Libi-riy Tree ! " There 
w:u» in the time of it a strong siisoieian in the minds of many that 
their Ktligies W'ere hung up l>y so\m' j) irlicnlar jiersans on that day 
(which was to be observed as a day of festivity) with a design to 
giv^e a colouring to Just such a reprcseutation as Governor Bernard 



30(5 City Document No. 88. . 

now makes. There are persons here capable of pla3'ing such a 
game ; and there arc some circums^tances which make it apj)e:ir 
that such a suspician was not groundless Particularly it is dilticuit 
to account for Governor Beriiard-i neglecting to give orders to pre- 
vent their being hung up after he certainly knew it was intended : 
and that he should pretend it was too late the Evening beloro ; hut 
especially his not chusing to make use of his information, or it 
may rather be supposed his Informants name in public, unless it 
was thi'o'fear of discoveiing the plot, is dark and unaccountable — 
if there was a design of this nature it must have been truly 
mortifying to those who were in the street, that the design was t-o 
soon frustrated ; For before the Govcrn(jr could meet his Council, 
which he had prndenthj "• the day before summoned to meet " and 
while he was '' sending round to get them together as soon as 
possible it might be ; amidst all these careful preparations, the 
Effigies says the Governor " were taken down by some of the 
Neighbours without opposition " ! There being thus, perhaps unex- 
pectedly, taken down, is sufficient to evenco the good disposition 
of the Inhabitants in general : That they were not in the plan of 
an insurrection, whoever else might be, and that the Governor there- 
fore might with safety, if he had been .so inclined make use of his 
information in public — It might possibly indeed have totally 
overthrown his design in writing this very Letter to his Lord->hip. 
— [184.] But the best improvement is to be made of every 
appearance: Accordingly the Governor hastens to his C 'Uncil, 
who were then met agreable to his appointment the bay before, 
and there he tells his Lordship he '' set forth in strong terms the 
atrociousness of this insult ; the danger of its being followed by 
actual violence, and the necessity there was of providing for the 
peace of the Town " However attrocious the insult might be, 
where could be the danger of its being followed with actual 
violence, when some of the Inhal)itants lhems(>lves had takeu 
down the Effigies, with at least the tacit consent of the whole 
Community ; for it was done without the opposition expected, 
perhaps hop>ed for ; And what necessity of providing for the peace 
of the Town, when the people already discovered so peaceable a 
disposition. It would doubtless have pleased the Governor well, 
if his Council had advised to some severe measures ; such as might 
have afforded a former foundation for him to have represented tlu^ 
Town upon the eve of an insurrection, than groundless reports and 
informations, from his own pimps which it was not prudent for him 
to make use of in pul)lic. But '•' nil he could say" to that purpose 
tlio' he strove hard for it " made no impression on the Council '* 
They say he '•'• persevered in treating the atfair as of no conse- 
quence," as well they might ; for its questionable after all, whether 
there was the least apprehension then of any communication even 
in the mind of the Governor himself whatever was his pretensions. 
Tlie Commissioners however took this opportunity of "■setting 
forth the danger tJie}i apprehended ; " and the Governor, very 
readily no doubt, took the occasion to acquaint the Kings Minister, 
that he had received a Letter from the Commissioners " dedring 
the protection of the Government." 



Boston Town Records, 17()9. 307 

M'. Bernard proceeds in liis Narrative, and ontorlains hi.s 
Lordbhip with a very minute account of the celebration (;f the 
Anniversary of the repeal of the Stamp Act; and " the terrible 
night it i)roduced" — to INP. lUirch one of the Commissioners and 
his Lady & Children who had moved to his House for safety ; " to 
the Luivetenant Governor and the Shrriff of the County who were 
also with him" [185.] And iu fine to all "those who thought 
themselves Objects of the popular Fury.''' It may be here ob- 
served as iu general true, that no Man has reason to fear the 
popular fury, but he who is conscious to himself of having done 
that which has exposed him to their Just resentment — The Gov- 
ernor himself owns that " the Selectmen of the Town " and '' some 
others " and even the Gentlemen who dined at two Taverns near 
the Townhouse upon the occasion of the day " took gieat pains 
that the festivity should not produce a Riot." There is no reason 
to suppose this was mentioned for the sake of giving a credit to 
any of those Gentlemen, but rather to insinuate tiiat the People 
were so outrageously disposed as that they could not be restrained 
even by their own Leaders ; for most of those whom the Governor 
has honoured with that character were present. The truth is none 
of them were apprehensive that their festivity would produce a 
riot ; but they were careful to prevent the lightin*): a lionlire, 
because the Governor h:id constantly represented that as " tlie 
signal for a Mob ; " and th.e Joys of tlie Evening amo. g the lower 
sort which however innocent are stmietimes noisy, would of course 
be represented as riotous. And thus he did in fact ix'present it to 
his Lordship for he tells him that '' many hundreds of People of 
all kinds sexes and ages, paraded the streets with yells and out- 
crys" — That they "invested I\P. AVilliams House " — That "at 
two different times about midnight tliey made outcrys about AP. 
Paxtous house." And tho' after all he owns it was '• out of mere 
wantonness " yet he says the whole made it a terrible night." 
This is i)ainting indeed, much beyond the life: But ^AP. Bernard 
has the ait iu {)crfection. He could not however persvvade even 
General Gage, to give it such a colouring ; for the General in his 
letter to Lord Hillsborough dated Boston the ;5P'. of October 
17G^. tells his Lordship quite otherwise; and that "according to 
the best information he had been able to procure, the disturbance 
in March (which was this very instance) far from being " terrible 
as the Governor rei)resents it. was iu truth " trifTling." This being 
the account given b}' one of the principal servants of the Crown 
in America, and who has discovered himself far fiom being i)ar- 
tial infivor of the Town, it is needless to add any thing further 
on this head — Triffling as indeed this "disturbance" was, such 
im[)rovements were made of it by Governor Bernard & others, 
that it occasioned the ordering two. Regiments from ILallifax to 
this Town for a i)uri)ose for wiiich the military power was certainly 
never designed; [18(5.] A very dangerous purpose, and abhor- 
rent to the British Constitution and the sjjirit of a free (xovern- 
ment, namely to support the Civil Authority — A measure which 
has caused continual terror to his Maj.'stys peaceable sul)j 'cts 
here, and has been productive of more disturbance & confusion 



308 City Document No. 88. 

than has beea known in the memory of any now living, or than is 
recorded by any historian, even the most partial against this 

country. 

We shall now take notice of Governor Bernards Letter to the 
Earl of Hillsborough, dated Boston June 1 1 17G8, v/herein he gives 
his Lordship an account " of a great riot that happened in this 
Town the preceeding Evening." and it must le confessed there 
was a riot on that evening, which is by no means to be Jubtiiied. 
It was however far from being so great a one as the Governor 
represents it to be — The Collector and CoraptioUer of the Cus- 
toms indeed represent it as a "uumtrous M(jb " but they being 
particularly interested, their fears might deceive them. — It was 
not a numerous Mob ; nor was it of long continuance, neither was 
there much mischief done. It was occasioned by the unprecedented 
& lawful manner of seizing the Vessel by the Collector and Comp- 
trcjler : And CDusidering their illegal proceedings in making the 
seizure, attended with the most irritating circumstances which 
occasioned the Mob — the intolerably haughty- behavior which the 
Commissioners who ordered this seizure, had constantly before 
discovered toward the people — the frequent threats which had 
been given out, that the Town should be put under a military gov- 
ernment, aud the armed force actually iraployed as a prelude to it, 
it cannot be wondei'd at, that in a populous Town, such high 
provocations, and the sudden exertion of lawful power, shuuki 
excite the resentments of some persons beyond the bounds of 
reason, and caiiy them into excess. — We cannot state the circum- 
stances of this affair with greater impartialit}', than by reciting 
the Sentiments of his Majestys Council alter two days enquiry, and 
consideration, in their own expressions Viz'. — "Ilis Exc; llency 
having laid before the Board a representation of some tra::sactions 
relating to and in consequence of the disorders in the town of 
Bostown on the evening of the 10 of June last, the Board [187.] 
The Board think it necessai-y in Jitdice to the Town and Province, 
aud in vindication of themselves, to make some observations 
thereon, and to give a fuller Representation than is contained in 
the paper laid before the Board. •' With regard to the said dis- 
orders it is to ])e observed that they were occasioned by the mak- 
ing a seizure (in a manner unprecedented) in the Town of Boston 
on the said tenth of June, a little before Sunset when a Vessel was 
seized by several of the Officers of the Customs ; and immediatel}' 
after on a signal given by one of said Ofheers, in consequence of a 
preconcerted plan, several armed Boats from the lloraney M;in of 
War took possession of her, cut her fasts and carried her from the 
Whartf where she lav into the Harbour, along side the Romney 
which occasioned a number of i)eople to be collected, some of 
whom from the violence & unprecidentedness of the proceedure 
with regard to the taking awa}' of the said Vessel, & the rellec- 
tion thereby iraplyed upon the Inhabitants of the Town as disposed 
to rescue any seizure that might be made, took occasion to abuse 
& insult the said Officers, and afterwards to Ijreak some of the 
windows of their dwelling houses, and to commit other disorders. 
Now tho' the Board have the utmost abhorrence of all such disor- 



Boston Town Records, 17G9. 309 

derly proceedings, and would by no means altemi)t to Justify 
them, they are obliged to mention the occasion of them, in order 
to shew, that however cul[)able the said disorderly i^ersons wrre, 
the Officers who seized, or those by whose orders such unusual & 
violent measures as were i)ursued in seizing and tnking awa}- the 
said vessel, were not faultless : It being highly probable that no 
such disorders would have been committed if the vessel had not 
been witli an armed force, and with many circumstances of insult 
and threat'^, carried away fiom the wharff." 

The Council further say, " with regard to what happened on the 
10 of June it seems to have sprung wholly from t'.;e persons wlio 
comiilaiu of it. by the plan laid and the orders given for making 
the Seizure aforesaid ; and carrying it away by an armed force. 
^Vhich circumstances together with the time of day of seizing the 
Vessel, makes it seem probable that an U[)roar was hoped for and 
intended to be occasioned by the manner of proceedure in mtiking 
the seizure." 

From this impartial state of the matti-r. it must [18S.] E\ i- 
denth' appear to every candid mind, that tlie oi)position wns n)ade, 
not at all to the seizing of the Vessel by the Officers of the Cus- 
toms but wholly to the manner in which it was secured ; and that 
if it had been done in the usual manner as the Council afterwards 
gaid, " itwou'd have remained secure in the hands of the Officers" 
— this corresponds with the Commissioners own account ; for they 
sa}' in their letter to Governor Bernaid, June 12 that they received 
a verbal message from the people to the following purpose, " that 
if the Sloop seized was brought back to 'M'. Hancocks WhartT, 
upon securiiy given to answer the prosecution, the Town might be 
kept quiet." But this pacifick projjosal though brought to them as 
they acknowledge " l)y a person of credit," I hey expressly declare 
"appeared to them as a menace," and it was in fact one of their very 
reasons for requesting the Governor to give directions that they 
might be received into the Castle for protection — So totally 
regardless were they of the peace of the Town, and so excessively 
fond of being thought by others as important as they fancied 
themselves to be, tliat when this reasonable and timely proposal 
was brought to them even l)y a person of Credit in iheir mrn 
esteem, th;'y haughtily reply"cl " that they gave no answers to 
verbal mssagcs " which plainly indicated either a wantnmess of 
power in them beyond all bounds, or the hopes if not the intention 
of a further uproar. 

Ciovernor Bernard tells his Lordshi[) that this Riot "had very 
bad consequences," whieh is undoubtedly trui; : The exaggerated 
accounts which he and the Commissioners gave of it to the Min- 
istry, and their taking occasion to represent ihe Town itself as in 
a state of disobedience to all law and authority, and indeed the 
whole Continent as ripe of a revolt, were attended with tiie worst 
of consequences to the Town. The Cou.missioners say in plain 
terms that" there hadl)een a long and extensive plan of resistance 
to the authority of Great Britain" and that "the Seizure referred 
to" had hastened the people of Boston to the commission of 
actual violence sooner than was intended." Sucl lutlauiutory 



310 City Document No. 88. 

iv-^ljresentations as those had the effccis which they had long wished 
for ; and induced the Ministry to order two other Rewiments to this 
Town ; the consequence of which if the}' or any [189.] Of them 
are continued, it is to be feared, far from reconciling the people to 
the present measures of Administration, will only increase iheir 

discontent, and even alienate their Affections. 

The Governor in tlie Postscript to his Letter June 13 mentions 
his having intelligence from the Commissioners of some pa it iadars 
from whence they concluded, tliat they were immediately exposed 
to further violences, and desired protection at the Castle — This 
intelligence is contained in their letter of June 12 Just now 
mentioned, wherein they take upon themselves to charge the. Gov- 
ernment with having used no measures for securing the peace of the 
Town, alledging in general terms that " there was the strongest 
reason to expect further violences," and they further say, that "■ his 
Excellency himself had acquainted them that Bo ton teas no phice 
of safety for them." Hero we see that the intelligence which the 
Governor represents to his Lordship as having been received by him 
from the Commissioners, he first communicated to them ; and there- 
upon the}' grounded tiieir pretended fears in their Letter to him, and 
desire the protection of the Government. This is all of a peace, 
and may serve to exphiin the frequent rumors of an insurrection, 
mentioned in a former letter, and from what quarter these frequent 
rumours came. It shows the Combination, and the settled design, 
of the Governcr and the Commissioners to blacken the chaiacter 
of the Town ; and how dexterously they can play into each other 
hands — The Governor the next Day June V6 wrote to the Com- 
missioners, and acquainted them, that having communicated their 
Letter of the twelfth to the Council, they desired him to inform 
them that during the sitting of the Council on Satturday Morning, 
there was no reason at all given to expect further violences, and 
that there was no apprehension cither in the Governor or the 
Council of an immediate danger." It is incumbent on the Gov- 
ernor or his friend if he has any, to reconcile this with what lie 
had before told the Commissioners ''that Boston was no place of 
safety for them." It seems Governor Bernard was perpeliiully 
teizing the Council with the Commissioners vague leports of an 
insurrection, and of the danger they were in; and indeed it 
ai)peMrs to he the main point in view to perswade the Council if 
possible into the belief of it, or if not, to form a complaint to the 
Ministry that they were negligent of their duty in not advising to 
proper measures for the [190.] Protection of the Commissioners ; 
and from thence to enforce a necessity of military force to restore 
and support Government in Boston — Why did he not lay before 
the Governor the ixirticidars which he tells his Lordship he had 
received from the C ommissicaiers, from whence they concluded. 
that they were exposed to further violences? This we hear nothing 
of ; perhaps the intelligence, like that which he mentions in a 
former Letter "■ was ot such a nature as that he could not make 
use of it in publick." He indeed tells the Commissioners that he 
had informed the Council of i\\Q\v j^resent apprehensions of further 
violences, and that they were then taking the same into consider- 



Boston Town Records, 17 CO. 811 

atiou. " — But be should have fiurly rcprcsentiHl lliis niattor (o the 
Commissioners, and told Iheiu that tlie Coiuieil luid ahvady tnkin 
the same into consideration, and come to a com lusiou ;is in I'act 
they had; for by their own minutes we find that •• th ■ niatler 
being fully debated it appeared to the Board, that there was no 
immediate danger of fresh distni-bances" they at th.: same time 
advised tliat tlie matter should be laid before the (Jlciieral Co nt 
then silting, and postponed the consideration of it by them a-; of 
Coniicil to the Gorernor^ till the effect of such a proposal should bj 
known. All this the Governor knew ; how then could he consist- 
ently say th<'V were (hen taking into consideration? lie tells Lord 
IlillsburrongU that " he was against the business being laid before 
the General Court but was obliged to give it up'' ; and tliat 'die 
had many objections to the measure." We knew very well that 
the drawing this matter into open daylight, would effectually defeat 
his design; and that the intention of bringing the Council, if 
possible to Jo'n with the Governor in requiring the military force, 
or accusing them of negligence in case they did not, would then by 
be intirely frustrated — The removing the business to the General 
Court, he tells his Lordship was however, upon one roti^dderalioii 
not " intirely to his dissatisfaction" for he saN's it was not then in 
a great measure "■ taken out of his hands " ; and he concludes that 
" as hccainiot conduct this business as it ought to be, '' or rather 
as he chose it should be, "it may be best for him to have but 
little hand in it." — It may not be amiss here to I'ecite the declar- 
ation of his Majestys Council at a full Board on the 20'''. of July, 
six Weeks after the Commissioners vohmtari/ exile to the ( astle in 
consequence of these jjreieJic/ecZ apprehensions of [191.] Fnrtlur 
violences. The Council say " the Commissioners were ncjt obli;ied 
to quit the Town ; there never liad been any insult ever offeretl to 
them ; their quitting the Town was a voluntary act of their own ; 
we do not apprehend there was any sudicient ground for their 
quitting it, and when they had quitted it, and were at the Castle, 
there was no occasion for Men of War to lavtect them." Such an 
authority will no doubt be deemed sullicient to vindicate the Town 
from this aspersion ; especially as the Council had then had ti;. e 
cooly to ri'coUect the matter: As they had born their full testi- 
mony against the disorders, and taken every step wliich belonged 
U) their department, to bring the Offenders to condign i)unishu)ent : 
But more especially as that very Board hud always bel'ore Sup- 
l)orted the Governors measures to the utniost extent that their 
consciences would allow, and many times against the gener: 1 
sentiments of the people, for whicii they had gained the Governors 
ap|)lause, and his particular recommendation to his ]\L.jest\s 
Minister, and he himself could at tliis time have no other excei);ion 
to any part of their conduct, but their opposition to his ftcon'te 
plan to introduce a military Government int > tlie Town, witln ut 
the least colour of necessity, and therel)y to break through the 
mounds, and tear up the very foundation of the civil consti- 
tution. 

The Governor in his Letter to Lord IIillsl)urrough of the M"' 
June being resolved to give his Lordship an exact detail of every 



312 City Document No. 88. 

occurrance "from whence the most dangerous consequences are to 
be expected," take occasion to mention, "a paper stuck up on 
Liberty Tree" this paper he has said in his letter of the 13 con- 
tained " an invitation of the Sons of liberty to meet at six O'Clock 
to clear the land of the vermin which were come to devour them" 
A very innocent if not a laudable proposal, for which the Country 
should think itself obliged to them, to be sure if they could have 
effetted their design. But in this letter it is called " a violent and 
virulent invitation to rise that ru'gJit to clear the Country of the 
Commissioners and their Officers to avenge themselves of the Cus- 
tom house Officers, and put one of them to death ! " And still 
more alarming, " there were also some indecent threats against 
the Governor!" Could the Governor think that by the Vermin 
that were come to devour the land they meant his Excclkmcy and 
the Commissioners? But perhaps tlie miudof the [193.] Sheriff 
who brought this information to the Governor was some what 
agitated with the feais of an insurrection ; and moreover, we may 
presume that he had not seen the paper himself, but took it from 
report, in confoi'mity to the example of the Governor, who be- 
lieved or pretended to believe ever}' word of it, till he had the mor- 
tifying sight of the true contents of this very i^nportant paper ; of 
which the following as he at length tells his Lordship is ''an ex- 
act copy," viz'. — Boston June 13 17G8 The Sous of liberty 
request all those who in this time of oppression and distraction 
wish well to and would promote the peace, good order and security 
of the Towu and Province, to assemble at Libeity Hall under 
Liberty Tree on Tuesday the 14 Ins'., at 10 OClock precisely. — 
It might have been supi)o.sed that so harmless a thing would have 
given otTence to none. In the first place the matters alledged in it 
were confessedly true: That this was a time of opi)ression, the 
people all felt: That it was a time of distraction, the Governor 
and the Commissioners loudly pioclaimed : A design then at such 
a time to promote the peace g(jod order & security of the Town, 
was at least unexceptionable. But the Governor comjilains that 
" it was not considered as an implication of danger." Strange 
would it have been indeed if so salutary a proposal as the pro- 
moting the peace good order and security of the Towu had been 
thus considered. " Neither, says he, was the impropriety of the 
sons of liberty appointing a meeting to secure the peace of the 
town, when the governor and council were sitting upon that busi- 
ness, and xeemly to little jonrpo.-e, taken much notice of." but surely 
if the Governor and Council could be supposed to be setting upon 
smh i'HsinesH, :it such a tivie, and si-emly to little 2>'>i'>pose, there 
could be no great impropriety in other peoples undertaking But 
without adopting by any means the measure, is not here a striking 
instanc;' of the disposition of Governor Bernard, and some others 
to receive with the greatest avidity the most exaggerated accounts 
of every triffling occurrance that has happened, and without any 
enquiry, to paint them to the Ministiy in the deepest colours! 
Behold a Meeting the professed design of which was to promote 
the ijeace, good order and security of the Town, and that in open 
day light, represented to the Kings Minister as a Meeting de- 



Boston Town Records, ITHO. 813 

signed to bo held nt Six O'Clock, near Snn-Sot, in one letter ; und 
in another the next Day. " a most violent & virulent invitation 
to rise that night? and [193.] Clear the Country of the Commis- 
sioners, — threaten the Governor and eonimit murder" ! In eon- 
sequence of whieh he tells the Council, there is '' no time to en- 
quire into the particuhirs of the former riot." They are to be 
hurried to measures to provide for the peace "f the Town" and to 
prevent "new disturbances premeditated " and "immediately 
threatned;" and his Lordship is to be forthwith informed of 
it. — Certainly every candid person will from hence be inclined to 
believe all that Governor Bernard relates to the prejudice of this 
Town, or any particular persons, with great discretion. 

His Letter of the IG of June, for lie seemed to be almost every 
day emply'd in writing his '■ Detail " — of common rej) >rts, gives 
the Earl of Ilillsburrough an Account of " the {Meeting at Liberty 
Tree in pursuance of the printed notice." And after entertaining 
his Ix)rd.>hip with a particular tho' awkward and inconsistent de- 
scription of the Tree, the vast height of the flag staff, and the 
design of hoisting the flag st;iff, and the design of hoisting the 
flag, namely " for a signal," which to be sure must be a discovery 
quite new to his Lordship, he proceeds to say ; that " at least 4000 
Men assembled," that " the principal Gentleman attended to en- 
gage the lower people to concur in measures tor peace & quiet." 
which was the professed end of their meeting — that "one of 
the Selectman was chosen Moderator or Chairman" — that they 
adjourned to the Town Hall" for the accommodation of so large 
a number. And there it being " objected that they were not a 
legal meeting" they adjourned to the Afternoon," he should have 
said, broke up; and the Selectmen instead of "legalizing the 
Assembly" as it is odly expressed, called a Town fleeting agre- 
al)le to the directions of the law, to meet in the Afternoon. All 
this was certainly an innocent proceeding, and the Governor him- 
self, it is presumed did not think otherwise, for it happens for 
onci', that he makes no particular remarks upon it ; and if it 
should lie said of them, that they met seemingly to little purpose, 
it might be said truly enough ; but it is to be reraembred, that 
another Assembly, with their Chairman at their head, if the Gov- 
ernor's ludicrous account of the Meeting of that very respectable 
body C(Hdd be credited, might in that respect keep them in coun- 
tenance — But innocent as it was, the (Governor did not choose 
it should be thought that 7«e viewed it in that light, and therefore 
told the Council, & his Lordship afterwards that " had it been 
the first business of the kind, he should have asked their advice, 
whether he should not send to the (General for [194.] Troops: 
And to show his own excessive fondness for so arbitrary and 
violent a measure, he adds, that "he was ready to do it, if any 
one Gentleman would propose it" ! 

The Governor then proceeds to give a rJetdil of the Meeting of 
the Town in the Afternoon ; in which he tells his Lordship that 
" many wild and violent proposals were made." It ought here to 
be observed that Governor Bernard constantly represents bodys of 
Men, even the most respectal)le, by proposals made by Individuals, 



314 City Document ^o. 88. 

which have been misrepresented by Pimps and Parasites, aud per- 
haps aggravated by himself, instead of allowing them to stand or 
fall by their own conclusions — Can any thing be more base, more 
contrary to equity than this? — Whnt should we think of the most 
respectable Corporations at liome — What even of both Houses of 
Parliament, if they were to be Judged of by every motion that has 
1»eu made, or every expression that has dropped from In lividuals 
ia the warmth of debates? If it had been true that such proposals 
had been made, nay, if measures that could not have been alto- 
gether Justified, had been even adopted by the Town, at a time 
when every ait had Ijeen practised to irritate tlie people and inflame 
their minds, the candid part of mankind would have been rrady to 
overlook it. — The Governor has often been observed to discover 
an aversion to f ree Asserablys : No woud r then that he should 
be so particularly disgusted at a legal Meeting of the Town of 
Boston, where a noble freedom of speech is ever expected and 
maintained: An Assembly of which it may be Justly said, to 
borrow the language of the ancient Roman, with a little variation, 
^Sentire quae volent el quae sentivat cUcere licet, Thi-y tliink' as they 
please, and speak as they think. — Such an Assembly has ever 
been the dread — often the scourge of Tyrants — But these " wild 
and violent proposals," which no one can recollect but the 
Governor, and perhaps his Informers, it seems were " warded 
off," as the Governor is pletisod to express it, from whence it may 
be sup[)Osed that prudence, directed at this Meeting, "originated 
& composed as he says it was " — By these expressions it is con- 
ceived, he would intimate to his Lordship that it was both illegal 
and tumultuous ; and if that was his r,al intention, the insinuation 
was both false & injurious. — [195.] The INIeeting was " origi- 
nated " as the law directs, and nothing was there concluded upon 
according to the Governors own account, but the appoiniment of a 
Committee, which he himself says " in general was very respecta- 
ble," to wait on him " with a petition ; " the receiving his answer, as 
be is pleased to say, with " univc rsal approbation" ! writing a letter 
to a friend, & voting such Instructions as they thought proper to 
their representatives, after which he tells his Lordship they' broke 
U[) quietly and the Meeting ended." lUit notwithstanding this 
quiet and as may be concluded by the Governors account of it, 
ioalizing Town Meeting, which consistrd of so largea numbei-, and 
among whom he himself was so '' popular" that even the Moderator 
declared that he really l)elievcd he was a well wisher to the Prov- 
ince," (Thus saith Governor Bernard, but no one remembers or 
lieliev^es it) yet all this will not avail to soften his mind or alter his 
intention. And altho' he tells his Lordship " the Romney and a 
Sloop of 16 Guns Just come in will coini)lcat the command of all 
th' approaches to the Castle, and other Ships of War are expected, 
so that the security of the Coinmissioners is effectually provided 
for" ; yet t\\Q farorite 2')oint vi'xW not be carried, till the long wished 
for Troops arrive, to enforce his arbitrary Designs, and suppress 
the spirit of libert}'. And now is the time, if ever, to press the 
matter: Every hand therefore must beset to work, and nothing 
will serve the cause like continually holding up the Idea of an In- 



Boston Town Records, 1709. 315 

svrrection. Accordingly we fiiul one of the Auxiliaries, whose 
Letter tho' anonimous, has credit enough to a|)pear in the list laid 
before Parliament, says " It is rn}- opinion that the promoters of 
the present evils are ready to unmask, and op-'id}' to discover their 
long and latent design to Rkp.kl " — and — •' involve this C'oun- 
tr}' in blood and horror! Another anonimous writer, who is said 
to be " well acquainted with the state of the Town of Boston," 
says, that " He observes a sourness in the minds ot the people in 
general., and adds, he that runs may read, that without speed'/ 
interpo-<ition a great storm will arise." — The Collector and Comp- 
troller of the Customs mention loith deep concern, as they affect to 
express themselves " that a genrrcd spirit of Insurrection [irevails, 
not only in tlie Town, but throughout (he ichole Provinces," The 
Commissioners themselves in tlu;ir letter to General Cage tell him 
" that it is utterly impossible to carry on the business [19G.] Of 
the Revenue in Boston, from the outrageous l)ehavior of the 
People" They acquaint the General ''of the alarming st:ite of 
things in the Town and desire him to gire them protertion.'' And 
tho' (loveruor Bernard when n<.t so much on his guanl, or perhaps 
under some little compunction of mind in his letter to the Comniis- 
sioners, June 13 gently chides them for their ill grounded fears, 
and tells them '' he is very sorry tiiat they think themselves so 
much in danger in Boston .(which he had before said was no place 
of safety for them.) as to think it unsafe for them to reside there " 
notwithstanding all this, yet in the k tter we are now considering, 
which was written nearly at llie satne time, he jjossitively assures 
his Lordship that if there is not a Rkvolt, the Leaders must falsify 
their words & change their pur|)oses. Perhaps he would have 
hecn more consistent if he had imagined these letteis would ever 
have Seen the light. Hi! concludes his letter with mentioning a few 
more papers stuck up on the Town House. — No evidence how- 
ever appears to have accom[)anicd all these heavy charges upon a 
whole Community : But Governor Bernard au(l others seem to 
have conducted their proscriptions as if they could have even fore- 
seen, that the bold assertions of persons ai)parently inimical to a 
Country, anonimous Letters, Street conversation picked up by 
pimps and Si)ies, and Pai)ers stuck up by no one knows whom on 
a publick Building, would be of so much weight as to influence the 
measures of Administrations 1 Can any Person believe this a Just 
representation, when Governor l>ernard with all his Industry a:id 
aid has not been able to furnish proof that any Body or Coiul)iiiatioii 
of Men, or even a single Person had incurred a legal penalty, if we 
except the disturbances that happened on March and June already 

considered. 

The Governor in his letter of the 9 of July informs his Lord-hip 
of a manoem-re. as he calls it, of the Sous of Liberty ; a numb^n- 
of them going out of Boston at the close of a certain day in par- 
lies, and meeting on each side of a Hou-e in Roxbury, which M'. 
Robinson (and his Lordship must be infor?ned that he also was 
one of the Commissioners) had lately hired with an atteution to 
surprize liim and prevent his escape; but he being at the Castle. 
where the Commissioners had been driven for safety, they did 



31G City Document No. 88. 

nothing but plunder his Fruit Trees. This is a very solemn ac- 
count indeed [197.] But he never laid this " mauoovre of the 
Sons of Liberty," extraordinary as it was, before the Council, 
which he never failed to do on like occasions ; thinking possibly, 
that respectable Body might be of opinion, that a Gentleman of 
nny political party may be supposed to have his Orchtird or Fruit 
Gardens robbed by liqvor.'sh Buys, without making a formal rep- 
resentation before his Majcstys first Minister of State. As the 
Governor will still have it that "the Commissioners were dricen to 
the Castle for safety." we take occasion to observe liere, that it 
was notorious, that they frequently landed on the Main, and made 
excursions into the Country; visiting the Lieuv'. Governor and 
other Gentlemen at their Seats, where it would have been easy 
to have seized them if any injury had been intended them ; which 
as his Majestys Council very Justly have observed, " demonstrated 
the insincerity of their declarations," as it did those of the Gover- 
nor "that they immured themselves at the Castle for safety." 

Another part of the detail in this Letter is the Rescue of a 
Vessel which had been seized by the Custom house Olficers. It 
seems by Governor Bernards Account, it had been " thought 
proper to try an experiment " for says he, " When the Sloop was 
Seized whieh occasioned the Riot, and in consequence of which the 
Commissioners were obliged to leave the Town, the greatest part 
of the resentment was expressed against the putting her under the 
care of the Man of War " which was very true, and he might have 
also said, the making the seizure with an armed force, and there- 
fore he adds, "when the Schooner was seized it was left at the 
WhartT under no other care but two Custom house Officers," in 
hopeful, no doubt, if not certain expectation that the rescue would 
be made, from whence it might possibly be made to appear that 
the resentment against the proceedings of the Custom house 
Officers in the former instance, as being violent and illegal, was 
mere pretence. The Rescue was made, and it was universally 
displeasing to the Town. The Governor says, "this very Molasses 
was the next day returned" and tells his Lordship that "the 
Selectmen of the Town sent for the Master of the Schooner," and 
"ordered him to return it under pain of the displeasure of the 
Town ; " which is a gross misrepresentation of the matter, and 
artfully designed for to prepare for the subsequent ungenerous 
remark that " all Government is now in the hands of the People." 
A good IMajestrate would have rejoiced in this instance of the 
[198.] Peoples voluntarily affording their aid in the recovery of 
the Kings due which had been rescued from him, without torturing 
his invention to find an illnatured construction for it. But 
Governor Bernard is disturbed that " the humor of the people" 
which he says this was done " to please " should ever coincide with 
their duty to the Sovereign — The voluntary Association of the 
People to promote peace and good order, he had before said 
" carried an implication of danger" to the Government; and now 
when they seem to unite in taking measures for the execution of a 
law, although in its nature disagreable to the People, why truly 
" the Government is in the hands of the People, and not of those 



BoSTOx Town Rkcouds, 17(19. ."^l? 

doputed by the Kins, or uudor his aiiUK)ritv." But if the People 
had a view to save their own reputation in this peice of service to 
the Crown, as tlie Governor intiunites snrely lie will not say it was 
'• ill judged," or " ill timed." The truth is they had a particular 
view at this time to prevent Governor I>ernai'd, improving the 
rescue, which they were in no sort concerned in, to llie prejudice 
of the Town, as had been his constant practice in other cases and 
as it now evidently ap[)ears he intended : And it was certainly a 
wise precaution ; tho' a camlid mind will by no menus ex. hide tmy 
other good intentions. — We cannot forbear taking notice iicrewitii 
fi('edom of a very extraordinary assertion of Governor r>ernards — 
in this letter to his Lordship, that " every seizure made, cr at- 
tempted to be made on Lantl in lio^ton for these three Years past, 
before these two Instances had been violently rescued or pre- 
vented " — An assertion so notoriously false, tliat ^aw Men could 
have made it without blushing and we may suppose even Governor 
licrnard himself could not have made it had he apprehended it 
■would ever have become publick.* The Olficero of the Customs 
themselves will not venture to [1J)9.] Alfirm it. If the assertion 
is true, his Majestys Council must have been egregiously mistaken 
when they declare tliat " no instance can be Aleged of any Vessel 
seized, or any seizure whatever in the Town of I'oston being res- 
cued out of the hands of the Oflicers, except what took place here 
on the 8"\ of July Instant, wdien a quantity of Molasses (thisvei-y 
Molasses) having been seized, was taken away from the Ollk-ers 
who had charge of it; which unwarrantable proceeiling being uni- 
versally condemned, the Molasses was very soon returned," As 
this base story was inventi'd and told by Governor Bernard, with 
the sole intention of casting an odium upon the Town, we have 
reason to expect his retraction of it; or he must bear the re- 
proaches of an highly injureil Community, and the Just sensures 
of all impartial Men. After these false and injurious assertions, 
he thinks it a proper time to acquaint his Lordship, that the one 
Regiment which had the flattering expectation of, from a letter he 
had received from (ieneral Gage, *■' tho' it might secure the Castle 
would not be sufficient to aive the Town; which was in clfect ask- 
ing for more. Thus we see the means which Governor Bernard 
and his Confederates have been incessantly using to accomplish 
their designs ; and strange as it may in some better times hereafter, 
these means and these very Instruments at length prevail'd to in- 
troduce a military power into the Town — A po-.ver which is dayly 
trampling on our laws, contemning our Religeou, and invading the 
IxiglUs both of Persons and |)roperty — A power by which a tridy 
loyal & but long abused and highly provoked Community, is not 

* It is remarkable that Governor Bernard not Ion;; before these letters were made 
public, cvprcssed to a ecrtaiii (4eiHieman, bis caruc^t wish that v^. people oftliis Prov- 
inee could have a si;rht of all his letters to the Ministry, boinu' assured that they would 
thereby be fully convinced that he was a friend to the Province — Indeed he made a 
declaration to the same purpose in one of his publick ppccches in the House of Ifop- 
rescutatives. Upon y*-'. arrival of the letters however, ho discovered as some say a 
certain paleness, &, complain"tl of as a hardship that iiis letters wrote in confidence, 
should be exposed to the view of y*-'. Public — A striking proof t/f the lia>euess, m 
well as the pcrfidj' of his Heart.- ■ 



318 City Document No. 88. 

indeed awed but distressed — And were it not for the certain 
advice, that our humble and dutiful supplications have at length 
reached the Royal hand, we should be reduced even to a state of 
desperation ! 

Governor Bernard in his letter to Lord Hillsburrough of the 
IG"". Septem^ begins with acquainting his Lordship with the prudent 
methods he took, to communicate the expectation of the Troops 
gradually for fear of certain ill effects that mi.iht arise from their 
sudden arrival. And no wonder tliat the Man who had long 
been representing a whole Counti-y as Rebels ; & had been one of 
tho pr in cijyal Instruments in bringing such a curse upon it, should 
at that .Juncture be under some apprehensions of danger 

[200.] In his last letter he talks of his personal courage and 
tells Lord Hillsburrough that '•'• he did not feel his ov^n Jirmness of 
mind to fail" : lie also mentions "■ the spirited conduct of the 
Lieuf. Governor ; and wiih pleasure assures his Lordship that " he 
could depend upon his resolution and steadiness as much as he 
could upon his oicn" ; from whence he concludes that "there 
would be no want of a due enforcement of the laws to the correc- 
tion of the present abuses" — But now he seems to be conscious 
of fear! Happy was it for him, that he was in the hands of a 
People ; who attended to the dictates of sound policy, religeon and 
loyalty — He first opens this matter to one of the Council, and 
tells him that " he had private advice that Troops were ordered 
hither, but that he had no public orders about it himself" ; and he 
observes that " it was quickly very thoroughly circulated all over 
the Town " and the Faction immediately took the alarm " By this 
he would insinuate that the better sort of the People and even the 
generality of the Town were well enough pleased with it. If the 
Faction oidi/ took the alarm, the generality of the Town must have 
been included in the Faction: For in truth, he had the mortifica- 
tion of setting the whole Body of the People, saving his own very 
few adherents who were properly an implacable Faction, thoroughly 
awakened and alnrmed nt the sudden expectation of a military 
force, which had indeed been often threatned by this Faction, but 
few realized it before — And now the Pimps were all immediately 
sent out, who no doubt were rewarded in proportion to their suc- 
cess in the business ; and the Governor soon had intelligence 
b;ought to him of the conversation of "•private Companies" And 
that in one " it was the general opinion to raise the Country and 
0|)pose the Troops"; in another " it was resolved to Surprize & 
take the Castle." How ridiculously impertinent must he appear in 
the Eyes of Men of sense, after all to acquaint his Lordship that 
" he docs not relate these accounts as certain facts." To what 
purpose then did he relate them at all ! It seems that he was full 
as designing in communicating to Lord Hillsburrough, as he was 
in communicating to the People, tho' his disigns were different: 
For the People were not to be told the ivhole that the Governor 
knew to be true ; but his Lordship was to be induced to [201.] 
Believe more: — In either case if the purpose could be served, 
Sincerity was out of the question. Uncertain however as these 
Facts were, his Lordship was informed that they were yet 



Boston- Town Records, 1709. 319 

'^ believed" ! Strange as they were said to bo facts of yesterday, 
tliat no one, after all the pains that had been talven, could make 
them certain ; and if they were not to be made certain, stranger 
still that any in their senses should believe theiu. Some Men are 
very apt to believe what they ivish to be true : This no doubt is the 
present case — And besides we arc to remeinbcr, that more than 
two Regiments were want.d to aice the Toicn; and if the (Governor 
could boldly say, that these reports vague as ihey were, had 
obtained any credit here, no matter by whom believed, they 
would have some weight. But ho must be presumed to think very 
injudiciously of the head or tiie heart of a Minister of State, to 
suppose that such an undigested and ridiculous account of thintrs 
would influence bis measuies. Nothing we should think but the 
great candor which has ever appeared in Lord Ilillsburrough 
towards Governor Bernard, could have prevented his severest 
sensure — But admitting they were true, which was by no means 
the case, certainly the Town is not accountable for what one of his 
Excellencies Spies might have overheard in " a private Company." 
— Let us then consider the account the Governor gives of the 
puhlick conduct of the Town, at a Meeting legally called on Mon- 
day September 12. And first he says, "at the Hall the Faction 
appeared surrounded with all its Forces" ; and an appearance very 
decent at least, it seems they were cai)al)le of making according to 
the Governor's account. For he tells his Lordship, " a set of 
speeches, by the Chiefs of the Faction, and no one else followed in 
such order & method, that every thing both as to matter and order 
seemed to have been preconcerted ; " while alas! the "very few 
principal Gentlemen there," the better sort in the Governor's esti- 
mation, appeared "as curious perhaps anxious Spectators"! 
Where is now the little remains of au expiring Faction, which he 
had so often told the World of? The tone is wonderfully altered ; 
the Body of the People are now truhj represented as united Orm 
and regular in their opposition to his measure-^, while his own feio 
Partizans, [203.] Who yet must be stiled " the principal 6'e«^/e- 
?ne/<," tho' expecting every moment to be "surrounded with all 
their Forces." appeared inquisitive and anxious for the event ! But 
nothing was resolved u|)()U, says the Governor, bnt to put two 
questions to me, and api>oint a general Committee to (.'ousidcr 
and report." The innin question to the Governor was. Whether 
he ha<l certain expectation of the Troops? To which he answered 
with an artful ambiguity, that he had private advice, but no pub- 
lick orders about it. Ilis private advice might have been certain; 
or he might have had authenticJc public advice, without public 
orders about it, for General Gage was Comm:uuler in Chief of the 
Kinirs Forces. Being however somewhat pressed by the Com- 
mittee who waited on him, he discovered a duplicity for which he 
has a peculiar tallcnt, and said that he would not have the Ton-a 
certainly expect the Troo[)S ; altho' he then expected them himself, 
& fully believed they were on their passage from llallifax, and 
in this letter to Lord Ilillsburrough he tells him, that it was at 
that very time his attention to communicate these expectations of 
them (jradualhj His account of diverse speeches made in the 



320 City Document No. 88. 

Town Meeting is as uncertain, nnd with regard fo some of them as 
untrue, as the intelligence he had received of the pri rate conver.-<a- 
tiou : Perhaps it was carried to him by the same hands, as some of 
his principal Gentlemen were there. The Resolves and deter- 
minations of this Meeting, as the Governor says, were published 
to the World; and they remain on the Records of the Town that 
Posterity may Judge of them. The Town has Seen no reason 
since to revoke these Resolves, notwithstanding they have been 
sentenced as " very dangerous Resolves procured by mad Peojile." 
by so exquisite a Judge in matters which regird Civil Govern- 
ment, ns well as so polite a Gentleman as General Gage. The 
Governor himself has been since respectfully requested by the 
Selectmen, in behalf of the Town to shew in what respect the Re- 
solves & proceedings of this very Meeting had militated with law ; 
Init he declined it, because he wns notable to do it. Spirited in- 
deed they were, but not too spirited for the times — When the 
Constitution, threatned is the principles of the [S03.] Constitution 
must if ever be asserted and supported — the Govci-nor indeed 
takes notice of our claim to a certain clause in the Bill of Rights 
as "a large stride" But as we are free British Subjects, we 
claim all that security against arbitrary power, to which we are 
entitled by the Law of God, auil nature as well as the British 
Constitution. And if a standing Army may not be posted upon 
the Subject in one part of the P^mpire in a time of peace, without 
their consent, there can be no reason why it should in any other ; 

for all British Subjects are or ought to ^e alike free. 

The Governor in a former letter to Lord Hillsbnrrough men- 
tioned the Selectmens ordering the Arms belonging to the Town 
to be brought out and cleaned ; and to make something of the 
story, he told him that " that Ihey were exposed some hours at 
the Town House": In this letter he says '-these Arms were de- 
posited in Cliests, and laid upon the floor of the Town Hall to 
remind the Peoj^Ie of the use of them Could any one besides Gov- 
ernor Bernard, descend to so pittiful an artifice as to insinuate that 
these Aims were cleaned, ex[)Osed to the People, and linally laid on 
the floor of the Hall at this Juncture, to induce his Lordship to 
believe, that these were the Forces with which the Faction 
appeared ''surrounded," and that the Selectmen who are the 
principal City Majestiates, and the leading part of the Town 
itself, were actually in the plan which he had .Inst before men- 
tioned, as conceited in one of the private Meetings " to raise Ihe 
Country and oppose the Troops " ; And that these Arms deposited 
in Chests were laid on the floor of the Hall " to remind the People 
of the use of them" — , and inspii'it them for the purpose of 
opi)osing the Troops. Whereas the simple truth of the matter is, 
these Arms had Cor many Years been de})osited in Chests and laid 
on the floor of the Town Hall; but the Hall itself being burnt a 
few Years ago, the Arms were saved from the Ruins and carried 
to the Town House : After the Hall was Rebuilt the Town ordered 
their removal there ; anil tho' it happened to be done at a Juncture 
when the Governor and his Confederates talked much of the 
Towns revolting, there was no other thought in the minds of any, 



Boston Town Ki-x;ords, ITOO. 321 

except the Governor and a few more, and it is a question wlictlier 
even he, or they, really thoiioht otliciwise, but to lod<re tlieni in 
their usual & proper place [204.] We cannot help taking notice 
how very exact the Governor sometimes is even in the choice of 
words, iu his "detail of facts" to a Minister of a state: An in- 
stance of which we have now before us, wherein he mentions to 
his Lordship his inclosing '• a blank Copy of the Pmccpl (as he is 
l)!eased to call it) which the Selectmen have used," it is a wonder 
it was not issued, for that would have made it appear xmyvQ formal 
'•in calling together the Convention"; from whence he takes 
occasion to say it was "a daring assumption of the Koyal au- 
thority." Here then is the treason and misprision of treason, oi' a 
l)art of it at least, about which there has been such an eclat of 
late ; for which the Governor tells his Lordshii) in this detai of 
the Convention every well wisher of the Troviuce, of wiiom he is 
doul)tless one, " most devoutly desires the Charter may be fur- 
feitetl " — and some of the Leaders were to be sent to England to 
be tried there — Nay his Lordshii) or some one of his Majeslvs 
Servants is informed that they ex|)ected it themselves for Com- 
mander Hood in one of his short cV: pithy Epistles, says, " they 
werealarm'd and expected nothing less th:in a Voyage to England 
against their inclinations," but his Lordships de(q) penetration 
might have discovered that this " Precept to call a Convention " 
was nothing more tlian afriendb/ circular htter to the Selectmen 
of the several Towns in the Province dasiriur/ them to proj>ose to 
their res[)ective Towns the sending a Connnittees, to Join with 
those of the Town of Boston, in consulting measures to promote 
peace and gootl order ; which was so far from an assumption of 
the Koyal authority, that it assumed not the least shadow of any 
o«///0/<7^ whatever — This very innocent measure of the Town iu 
'• calling together a Convention " as tiie (iovernor expresses it, 
which he so highly sensures, and ui)on the promoters of wiiich 
he loudly calls for the National venegeance, was most certainly 
attended with all the happy effects for which it was proposed : 
For the general sentiments of the Province was thereby Colleeted. 
which could not otherwise have been done ; the Governor having 
arliitrarily dissolved the General Asseml)ly, and positively refused 
to call another, against the dutiful Petition of the Convention 
itself, as well as of the Town [205.] Even before they pro[)osed 
or thought of it — The Several Towns having an opportunit\ of 
conferring together by their Committees, had the same effects 
which followed a certain circidar letter, whicli formerly so per- 
plexed his Excellency ; fortlie People liecamc the more uuitetl in the 
measures pro[)er to be taken for the preservation of their ccMumon 
rights at so critical and alarming a Juuctui-e. And tho' the Gov- 
ernor says " at the Fountain head it was inteixled to i)rovoke 
resentment," yet to this very measure have been imputed, in some 
small degree very Justly or not, it becomes not this Town to say, 
that jrrudence as well as fernmess and perseverance in the cause 
of liberty, of which it is hoped this Country will ever avail itself, 
even Governor Bernard cannot but own that the Convention dis- 
covered '-moderation" and a •' temperate conduct," wh;ch is far 



322 City Document No. 88. 

from being inconsistent with time fortitude: But he is not willing 
that the Town of Boston should " assume the merit of it." They 
are very far from a disposition thus to assume : They are content 
to have that share of merit whici) their beloved Country Men are 
willing they should have. And tho' he would insinuate to his Lord- 
ship with his usual cunning, that there was at the Convention an 
essential difference of sentiments between the Town and the 
Country ; and that *■' man}^ of the Deputies came down with a 
disposition and Instructions to prevent the Bostoners (as he 
elegantly expresses himself) involving the Pi^ovince in the con- 
sequences of their own mad devises " ; and that many of them 
" were from the begining sensible of the impropriety and danger 
of this proceeding," his Lordship as they printed what they did, 
has no doubt been since convinced, that Lhey were united in their 
Sentiments of the common cause 

But this very peaceable pro[)Osal, the Governor thinks exceeded 
the " Great Rebellion when it was at the highest, and the con- 
fusion arising therefrom most urgent for some extraordinary 
measures." Here is the burden of the Song — extraordina^i/ 
measures! And surely his Lordship must propose some very 
extraordinary measures to chastise a greater than the great Rebel- 
lion, even when it was ;it the highest — Not content with pouring 
forth this torient of Zeal, the Governor still presses upon his 
Lordship; and assures him that " unless it is prevented by some 
])Ower without, not only the [306.] Crown OfQcers, will be 
excluded, but every ingredient of Royalty " in the Government of 
the Province will totally be destroyed — What Rhetorick ! to 
arrest his Lordships attention, and hurry him on to conclude with 
the Governor, that " the force already ordered by General Gage 
viz'. — two Regiments will not be sufficient." — In order still to 
heighten the Ideas of an intended Rebellion, the Governor adds 
" it is now a groat question whether the Kings Troops will be suf- 
fered to enter the Town or not." And " the design ngainst the 
Castle is now so well known that it is probable that the very 
names <tf the People who were enrolled for that service to the 
number of five hundred, or of the Chiefs of them will be dis- 
covered." It is pritty remarkable the Governor in the former 
part of this letter informed his Lordship, that he did not relate 
this very account as a certain fact ; his Spies must then make very 
quick rotations, aud the intelligence flow in very fast, to be so 
well assured of it befoi'e he concluded ; or the Governor must be 
so unfortunate, perhaps not having time in the multiplicity of his 
affairs, to keep a regular diary, as to forget what he had wrote, 
and as we now and then find it happens, in the "• overflowings" of 
his Zeale, to be inconsistent with himself. 

It would be an endless task to take i)articular notice of every false 
and injurious representation contained in the voluminous Letters.* 

*Inc^eed itmiji-ht be said f/te ivliole worhl would not contain all the i-emarks that 
miirht be Justly made upon them. One instance however seems to bo overlookVl by 
the Town, and as it is an instance of iinportauce, it is hoiked, its bcintr noticed in the 
marijin will not be thoiiLiht amiss. The Governor alter havinj? prevail'd on the 
Council, at a very thin Board, and by a majority of one only out of eleven. Gentlemen 
present, to advise to the cleariug of the Manufactory House in Boston, for the vecep- 



Boston- To^^^ Records, 17G9. 323 

No one can read them without being astonished at seeing a Person 
in so important a dei);irtnieut as Governor Bernard sustained, 
[207.1 Defending in his Letters to a Minister of State to 
such trifling Circumstances and sucli slanderous chit-chat: Boast- 
ing, as he does in one of his Letters of his over-reaching those 
with whom he was transacting public business ; and in order to 
prejudice the most respectable Bodys, meanly fehhinfj from 
individuals belonging to those Bodies, what had been drop'd 
in the course of Business or Debate : Journalizing every idle 
Report brought to him, and in short acting the part of a 

tion of A part of the two Irish Itcirimeiils then cxpcctcil, in iiis lottcr 1o Lord Iliils- 
burrough of Novcm'' 1*' he j;'ivcs liiiii auaccouut oftiie steps he iiacl ortlercd for ike 
removal of the Families out of the House. And it sceins that tlie (lovernor. hy a 
power wliich he had assumed, appointed the bheriiVand two of his Deputies, Baliffs 
for the Governor and Couneil for the purpose ; These Families however, refused to 
submit to such autiiority even Iho' the Chief Justice himself condescended, to tjjo with 
the Sheriff, and advised them to give up the House. The Sheriff upon the third 
attempt says the Governor, "finding the Window opened entred; upon wiiieh 
[tI07.] The People gathered about him and shut him up; he then Tnade a signal 
to an OfReer who was without, who brought a party of Soldiers, who took posses>ioa 
of the Yard of the Building, and relieved the Slierilf IVora his coufiucment " — This 
is the Governors account of the matter; but others give a very dill'erent account of it, 
and say that the Sherilf attempted ■i.forceable entry, and was resisted by the People 
within the house; and by them only: Certain it is tiiat one of them commenced an 
action of trespass against the Sherilf; but what became of the Action the Kecords of 
the Court of Common Pleas will best shew : It is also certain that an Officer a military 
Officer, was without and at hand; and upon a signal from the Sheriff, brought a 
party of Soldiers, the whole llcgiment being then incamped in sight on the Common 
and the Soldiers (not the Inhabitants as the Governor asserts) " kept the House 
l)lockaded all that Day anil best part of the next." It is further certain aud it may be 
attesteil by the oaths of several persons of credit that offers were made to the Sheriff, 
of sufficient aid in the legal execution of his Office, if he would dismiss the 'Jfoops ; 
illegal steps being at the same time excepted against — (ircat numbers of people dur- 
ing the Siege as it may be properly called, were collcctetl in the Street, which is as 
spacious as in any part of the Town, but the (Jovcrnor owns they did no mischief: 
He indeed represents it in his usual manner as a GitEAT Mon assembled with some of 
the Chifjs of the Faction, intimating thereby as in his former letters " an intended in- 
surrection;" The General on the other band says the matter "occasioned a little 
distui'bance of no consequence " ; but takes care to add, that " it served to show a 
most obstinate si)irit of opposition to every measure of Government" The Governor 
further says, the Inhabitants " were very abusive to the Soldiei's " : — The contrary 
is most certainly aud notoriously true. He says also that " the Soldiers were with- 
drawn ou the Evening of the second Day " : So far is this from truth, that the Guarii 
of .Soldiers, to whose custody the Sheriff committed the Cellar of the House, which he 
had got the possession of, i<ept their post a much longer time; and application was 
made to diverse of bis Majcstys .Justices of the Peace for their removed //// the force of 
law near three weeks after. And anaiu the (iovernor says, that " this IJuilding [208.] 
Was kept filled with the outcast of the workhouse, to prevent its l)eiii<^ used for the 
accommodation of the Kings Troops "; which is contradicted hy the Oaths ai iiW the 
Overseers of the poor, who must have known it had it been true, lor the care and tiov- 
crnment of the Woik-IIouse is by law vested in them. The truth is the people 
gathered upon thisextraonliiiary occasion, hut were very peaceable; some few it may 
be to cany intelligence to the'tioveriior, but by far the greater part, from a Ju.st 
abhorrence of this measure of liovernnunt, to l)orrow the general expression, and a:i 
anxiety for the event of this frst open, and arow'd elfort of Military Tykkany ! The 
( iover'nor declares, that the Council who were alarmed at the violence of this proceed- 
ing, must have known that the Entry "coukl not have Ijcen made without. /o/c«," and 
he -nffieieutly explain what *-or< of force be meant in the reason he gives why the 
Soldiers were withdrawn for that time, which was because " the Building was not ira- 
mcdiately wanted," the Irish Uegimeut for whom it was designed as was pretended Not 
[20;).] being yet arrived— Perhaps the Governor gives this circumstantial account to 
his Lordship to' eoulirm what he had before said, that " Two Heiriments were not suf- 
ficient to AWE TUli Town — This attack upon the security of tiie Peoples Pwelling- 
Ilouses, was as violent as has ever been known even under the most despotick (loyeru- 
mcuts, tho' happily it proved unsuccessful. This is one of the bright glories of 
Beknakds Administration : //e who with so much readiness & c\-dvt proprieti/ iitforded 
the aid of his adrice, aud puejodged the matter, claims however his share in the 
Annuls of fame. 



324 City Document Xo. 8S. 

Pimp rather than a Governor. — As these Letters being 
now made publick, will be a Monnm^'nt of disgrace to him, 
it cannot be supposed, that any honor c:in he derived from 
them, to those great Men to whom they were addressed, not- 
withstanding the Town have been obliged in Justice [208.] Jus- 
tice to thi-mselves ; to say this mucli in their own vindication, we 
should be yet be glad that the ancient and happy union between 
Great Britain and this Country, which Governor Bernard has so 
industriously laboured to interrupt, might be restored, ."^-ome have 
indeed flaiter'd themselves with the prospect of it; as i:it:^'lligouce 
is said to have been received from Atlministration, that nil the 
Revenue Acts would be repeated: But as it since ajipears by 
Lord Hillsburroughs own account, that noihing more i-> intended, 
than the taking off the(Uitys on Paper, Glass, and Painters colours, 
upon commercial principles only ; if that is all it will not giv^.- sai- 
isfaction : It will not even relieve the trade fiom the bu.dens it 
labours under; much less will it remove the grounds of the discau- 
tent, which runs thro' the Continent, upon much higher priiciples. 
Their Rights are invaded by these Acts; therefore untill they are 
all repealed, the caiise of their Just comi)laints cannot be removed : 
In short the Grievances which lie heavily upon us we shall never 
think redressed, till even/ Act passed by the British Parliament for 
the express purpose of raising a Revenue upt^u us without our con- 
sent is repealed ; till the American Boaid of Commissioners of the 
Customs is dissolved ; the Troops recalled, and things restored to 
the state they were in before the late extraordiuar\" measures of 

Administration took place. 

[309.] Besides these Letters of Governor Bernard, we find 
others written by General Gage and Commodore Hood. And we 
cannot but oliserve that aliLo' these Gentlemen were perfect 
Strangers in the Town, they have yet taken such extraordinary 
freedoms, and the General in particular has wrote in such a posi- 
tive strain, as must unavoidably give high disgust to every Keader 
of candor and impartiality. — If these Gentlemen received the 
character of the Town, or of any of its Individuals, from Governor 
Bernard as we are ready to think they did, they must have been 
long before convinced, if they knew any thing at all of the state 
of the Town, that the Governor was too deeply interested in 
mi-sreprese7iting, to be credited in a point of that importance ; and 
therefore conimon Justice would have dictated a suspension of 
their public testimony to the prejudice of a Community, till they 
could have had the opportunity of doing it upon impartial enquiry, 
or their own observation — The General seems to have early im- 
bib'd some sort of prejudice against a Town, that had been before 
prejudiced in his favor: For the Governor in one of his Letters to 
J^ord Ilillsburrough acquaints him, that the General ''' had sent 
Cap'. Mcntresor Irom New York to assist the Forces as Engim'er, 
and enable them to recover and maintain the Castle and such 
other Posts as they could secure," upon intelligence that the 
People in and about Boston had revolud. Now even the Gov- 
ernor himself declares this to be a mistake, and says that things 
were not " quite so bad as that came to." — As there are two con- 



Boston Town Records, 1769. 325 

stant and regular Posts between this Town & N York, each of 
which carrys inteUigence fi'om tlie one to the other in the course 
of a week; and more especially as he might reasonably expect 
authentick accounts of a matter of such importance^ by express in 
a shorter time ; it is strange if the Generals mind was unbi.-.ssed, 
that he should so strongly rely upon private advice, as to form his 
measures from them, which the Governor [210.] Asserts — It 
was a measure of importance, as it issued to the Town ; for Coll". 
Ualrymple who had the Command of the Regiments, from the 
authority of these new orders^ as the Governor declares, thonifht 
proper to alter the plan, which was to laud only one, and landed 
both the Regiments in Boston without loss of lime. Perhaps it 
was under the impression of these pru'tf^e adciises, and the Narra- 
tive of the proceedings of the Town Meeting, which the Governor 
also mentions as influential on the (jcnerals measures, and which 
possibly was a Nairative of the Governors own writinii, that so 
wrought upon the Generals imagination, as to induce him to give 
his opinion to his Lordship, that the "intentions of the Town 
were suspicious, and that he was happy the Troops from Ilallifax 
arrived at the time they did ! " These and n)any such like unpro- 
voked expressions are to be found in the Letters of both of these 
Gentlemen, and especially the Generals; but as they partake of a 
full portion of the spirit of Governor Bernards and as the sense of 
this Province fully appears in the late spirited Resolves of the 
House of Representatives, we shall avoid troubling the Publick 
with particular Remarks upon them, and to borrow an expression 
of great authority, "treat them with the contempt they de- 
serve 

[Note. — The volume is closed at this point, being the last date 
in the year 17G9. It will be noted that original pages 206, 207, 
208, and 209 contain a long foot-note, so arranged in the manu- 
script volume. — AV. H. W.] 



INDEX TO NAMES. 



Abbott, 1C3. 

Adams, 8, 19, 21, 23, 26, 33, 36, 
66, 67, 81, 92, 95, 97, 103, 
i:i4, 1-13, 150, 152, 154, 157, 
161, 167, 170, 17^, 174, 176, 
1S9, 195, 198, 199, 201, 2>i2, 
218, 233, 239, 241, 242,24:!, 
255, 257, 260, 263, 267, 268, 
271, 279, 285, 297, 300, 301. 

Alfonl, 100. 

{Allon, 19, 27, 39, 69, 132, 166, 
Alliu, 208. 
Alline, 203. 
Allyuu, 82, 108. 
Alley, Hog, 97, 99. 
Alliu, SCO Alkn. 
Alline, see Allen. 
Allyne, see .Mien. 
America, 153, 154, 155, 175, 176, 
243, 244, 257, 259, 
297, 29'*, 299, 307. 
British, 153. 
North, 175, 177, 178, 
287, 289. 
Amory, 18, 30, 196, 199, 290. 
Anderson, 164. 
Andrew, 132. 
Andrews, 82, 105, 109, 132, 100, 

267. 
Andross, 173. 
Appleton, 131. 
Arnold, 267. 
At-kin.-*, 36. 
Atkin.s, 15. 

AuL-hmutv, 2t, 26, 103. 
Austin, 2, 4, 10, 16, 17,31, 35, 
i>6, 69, 78, 79, 83, 96, 104, 
130, 135, 139, 142, 162, 16J, 
221, 239, 245, 285. 
Averv, 10. 48, 60, 78, 85, 87, 98, 
1(53, 172, 180, 234. 



Bacon, 83, 109. 

Baker, 90, 106, 133, 198, 199, 224, 236, 239. 
( Bailey, 3. 34. 
/ llaylcv, 18, 50, 82,207,289, 
Balch, 199. 
Ballard. 4, 19, 172, 196, 209, 214, 239, 206, 

290. 
Bangs, 1.32, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Bant, 131. 
( Barber, 290. 

} Barbonr, 133, 164, 198, 239, 242, 267. 
Barker, 2, 270. 

Barnard, 4, 19, 35, 36, 49, 50, 70. 
Baniitt, 117. 
Barr, 212. 
f Barrat, 32, 34, 47. 
Barratt, 18, 47, 56, 79, 105, 106, 130. 
Barret, 232, 241,282. 
■>. Barrett, 1, 7, 16, 82, 126, 153, 163, 2oO, 207, 
222, 233, 234, 239, 248, 250, 266, 267, 
273, 294. 
Barret, 06. 
I Barre, 157. 206, 207, 212, 218, 298. 
Barree, 177, 178, 274, 299, 300, 301. 
Barry, 256. 
Barrel!, 267. 
Barret, see Barrat. 



43, 50, 51, 59, 
108, 110, 116, 
158, 159, I6II, 
177, 182, 187, 
208, 210, 211, 
245, 249,254, 
271, 272, 273, 



167, 234. 



186, 191,194, 
286, 2S7, 288, 



182, 183, 22' 



204, 2U9, 235, 



44,47,48, 05, 
107, 112, 114, 
164, 181, 197, 

134, 145, 162, 



Barrett, see Barrat. 
IJarrick, 19S. 
Barrot, see Barrat. 
Barry, see Barree. 
Burtfett, 236. 
Battery March, 214. 
Battery, North, 144, 151, 189. 

•South, 42. 
Baves, 290. 

Ba.\ter, 19, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269, 
Bayley, see Bailey. 

j I'jeautineau, 85,"l36, 145, 151, 181. 

/ Boutineau, 7, 11, 23. 

Bi Ikiiap, 3, 18, 35, 5ii, 70, 82, 83, 107, 172, 266. 
Bell, 5. 

Bernard, 55, 161, 208, 235,242,257,260,261, 
267, 26.1, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 303, 304, 
305, 306, 307, ;',0-t, ,300, 310, 312, 31!, 314, 
315, 316, 317, 318, 319,320,321,323,324, 
325. 
Berry, 198, 239. 

Bethuue, 23, 85, 114, U5, 116, 126, 180, 2J0. 
Bill, II. 

Bird, 3, 70, SI, 132, 207. 
Blair, 244,245, 284. 
Blake, 35, 50, 96, 209. 
Bl.anchard, 70, 107, 131. 

) Blodget, 240. 

) Blodgelt, 241,252. 
Boardman, 81, 82, 161, 167, 207, 290. 
Bollan, 41, 43, 44, 297, 29J, 303. 
Bond. 294. 

f Bourn, 4, 32, 31, 45, 47, .53, 06, 80, 105, 130, 

I 153, 151, 163, 17 ', 197, 198, 199, 200, 208, 

■{ 219, 221 , 222, 236, 238, 250, 254, 255, 289, 

I 293. 

I, Bourne, 17, 47. 
Boutiueau, see Beautineau. 
Bowdoin, 78, 181, 245, 284. 
r.owen, 245, 265, 284. 
Bowes, 34, 49, 165, 242. 
Bowman, 50. 
Bos, 78. 
Boyer, 2, 69, 82, 96. 

( Boyleston, 219. 

I Boy Uton, 1 14, 1.54, 167, 207, 236, 246, 201, 270. 

( Boylstone, 7, 199, 205. 
Boyntou, 131. 
Bradford, 19, 21, 35, 51, 65, 68, 74, 81, 106, 

198, 207, 214, 233, 261, 266, 277. 
Bradley, 33. 

Braintreo, 147, 279, 280, 281. 
Br.attle, 95, 181, 234, 273. 
Brazier, !98. 
Breok, 83, 132, 204. 269. 
Brick, 109, 166, 235. 
Bridire, The, 241. 

Mill, 147, 2S1, 282, 294, 295, 
Neponsit. 46. 
.Swim:, 30, 68, 62. 
Bridt'ham, 172, 199. 
Britain. 122, 1.55. 
Britian, Xorth, 225. 

BroMilield, 47, 48, 66, 80, 105, 1.30, 133, 1,34. 
Brown, 18,34, 35, 51, 68, 81, 83, lilS, 131, 
140, 165, 189, 190, 203, 209, 231, 237, 263. 
Browne, 107. 
Bruce, 2to. 
Bryant, 137. 



328 



City Document No. 88. 



( Bultinch, 117, 234. 

I Bullfinch, 181, 209. 
Burcli, 305, 3u7. 
Burden, 280. 

Burial Place, South, 24, 27. 
Burt, 110. 
Butler, 2 .9. 
Butt, 70. 
Button, 280. 

Bvie:*, 22. 4/., 49, 66, 81, 84, 88, 90, 107, 109, 
114, 133, 141, 181, 196, 208, 212, 245, 284. 

Calf, 50, 70, 242, 277. 
Campbell, 214. 
Candish, 18. 

\ Capen, 108. 

) Capon, 233. 

I Carey, 210. 

I Cary, 4. 
Carues, 70, 83. 
Carolina, South, 31. 
Carter, 3, 185, 213, 242, 247, 271, 283. 
Cary, see Carey. 

J Casneau, 70. 

J Cazncau, 30. 
Cast, 181. 

Castle William, 181. 
Cazueau, see Casneau. 
Chamberlain, 46. 

I Champney, 160,203,207. 

f Champuy, 234, 268. 

iChancey, 78. 
Chausey, 114,245. 
Chauiicey, 65, 90. 
Cbauncy, 102, 181, 212. 
Chapman, 50, 55. 
Cliarity, 104. 

Charlestowu, 226, 279, 280, 282, 289. 
Chase, 107, 199, 236, 270. 
Chauncey, see Chancey. 
Chauucy, see Chancey. 
Checkley. 1, 40, 56, 78, 96, 114, 129, 142, 157, 

181,212,245. 
Chcevcr, 138, 163, 199, 233, 234, 246. 
Chelsea, 123, 2^2. 
Cherdon, 181. 
Child, 3, 170, 174. 

Church, 6,21, 35, 51, 68, 81,108,117, 131,151, 
l.")8, li;5, 203, 226, 237, 241, 248, 254, 255, 
•.;57, 268, 279. 
Church, Old Brick, 190. 

South, 253, 250. 
(Clnrk, 66, 95, 114, 117, 174, 180, 198, 212, 
{ 234, 240, 252, 267. 

( Clarke, 3, 11, 23, 45, 6'.>, 82, 133, 172. 
Cleirnieus, 237. 
Cleverly, ISO, 199. 
{ Cobbet, 167, 207. 
I Cobbit, 83. 
Cochrau, -'14. 

Collin, 136, 142, 200, 217, 285. 
CoLtswell, 8i. 
Cuke, 288. 
Colburu, 18. 
Collins, 2, 18, 34, 50, 51, 69, 82, 107, 108, 110, 

131, 132, 160, 203, 234, 268. 
Colonies, The British, 287. 
Colson, 165. 
Comer, 256. 

Common, The, 22, 24, 25, 42, 43, 59, 75, 94, 97 
110, 146, 176, 185, 186, 207, 213, 217, 246, 
247, 272, 277, 283, 284, 323. 
Coney, 3. 

( Connecticut, 1. 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 129, 142, 
\ 162, 197, 232, 252, 260, 265, 294,* 3o2. 

( Connecticutt, 10, 16. 
Conway, 157, 178, 179, 217, 218, 259. 
j Conk, 95, 222. 
( Cooke, 3. 

Cooper, 2, 5. 7, 10, 11, 17, 26, 33, 35, 45, 46, 48, 
00, 61,62, 65,68, 78,79, 83,96, 101, 1U7, 
113, 114, 135, 14J, 162, 163, 181, 197, 198, 
21.;, 23J, 233, 245, 248, 251, 259, 206, 269, 
273, :84. 



Copeland, 236. 

Copley, 267. 

Corbitt, 164. 

Cornish, 19. 

Cotta, 50, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 

Cotton, 160, 189. 

County of Suffolk, 61, 77, 89, 148, 149, 160, 
101, 163, 187, 188. 

Court. Moon, 115. 

Cove, The, 100, 147, 279, 280, 281. 
Beudall's, 279, 281. 

Coverly, 5, 17. 

Cowell, 36, 88, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 

Cradock, 45. 

I Crafl'ts, 235. 

( Crafts, 3, 69, 82, 108, 131, 165, 106, 203, 269. 

Creek, The, 147. 

Mill, 248,281. 

Cromby, 109. 

Crompston, 49. 

Crosby, 207, 222. 

Cross, 51. 

Cudworth, 161. 
\ Cummiugs, 78. 
} Cuinmius, 96. 

Curaston, 6. 

Cunningham, 82,107, 131,138, 164, 200,233, 
285, 293. 

Curtis, 3, 55, 70, 82, 83, 109, 133, 167,204,235, 
269. 

Cushini;, 1, 9, 10, 13, 16, 20, 23, 31, 44, 46, 47, 
57, 65, 72, 73, 78, 79, 88, 1)6, 105, 106, 1 12, 
120, 134, 13J, 141, 155, 159, 176, 177, 182, 
195, 211, 217,221,234, 245,249, 254,255, 
257, 260, 261, 263, 204, 272, 273, 278, 285, 
292, 290, 297, 300, 301. 

Cushmau, 113. 

Cutler, 3, 18,50, 70, 84, 110. 



r)alrymple, 325. 
Daltou, 242, 250, 251. 
Dana, II, 13, 23, 20, 29, 78, 95, 103, 116, 
130, 145, 152, ISO, 186, 225, 232, 231, 
248,254,255, 257, 200, 261, 265,272, 
279, 294. 295, 296, 2si7, 301. 
Darriiiuton, 07, 81. 
Dash\v7)od,301. 
Davis, 17, 35, 48, 53, 68, 83, 107, 135, 138, 

221, 285. 
( Daw, 285. 

I Dawes, 31,49, 60, 171,292. 
■!, Daws, 82, 87, 97, 110, U3, 172,106, 208, 
I 2 5, 216, 219, 233, 239, 241, 242, 250, 

I. 289, 293. 
Dawson, 19. 
Day, 112. 

De'berdt, 190, 191, 212, 255, 257, 272, 299. 
Deberts, 272. 
Decoster, 171, 292. 
Demmina, 80, 172. 
Denuie, 95. 
Deshou, 268. 
Dexter, 2, 33, 47, 66. 
Dock, The, 19, 48, 57, 58, 64, 65, 144. 
Town, 48, 58, 02. 
Dolbear. 47, 66, 79, 97, 105, 130, 103, 

233, 266, 283. 
Dolbeare. 2, 7, 17, 24, 32, 45. 
Dorchester, 40, 46, 282. 
Dorrington, 49. 
Doubt, 117. 
Down, 133. 

Downe, 2, 8, 9, 14. 18, 34, 74, 82, 108, 
131. 
Downing, 3. 
Dowse, 22, 95. 
Drowne, 171. 
Dudley, 288. 
Duncan, 234. 
Dunkerfield, 70. 
Dupee, 3, 12, 20. 

Dyer, 3, 70, 83, 103, 132, 166, 203, 204, 
235, 269. 



122, 
243, 
273, 



Index to Nam"s. 



329 



Eaton, 16). 
Enyvos, '2. 18. 

EtU'S, 34, 8i, 107, 130, 150, loS. 167, 300. 
EtlmimdR, 132, 166. 203, 234, 20S. 
Edwards, 6, 21, 3.5, 00, 51, OS, 74, 80, 96, 110, 
133, 199, 246, 285. 

J Eli )t, 23, 31, 45, 211, 245, 284. 

) Elliot, 7S,8», 96, 101,114,141,181,212. 
Ellis, 88, 109, 1.32, 163, 204, 235, 269. 
Emms, 84, 210. 
Empson, 288. 

England, 44, 175, 190, 193, 196, 258, 259, 202, 
287, .3^1. 

SErvciiig, 212. 
Erving, II, 26, 95, 152, 15.3, 176,206,207, 
245, 2S4. 
Enropo, 178. 
j Eiisticc, 18. 
) Eiislis, 69. 
EvoIoIkIi, 107. 
Evclcth, 2. 
Eyres, 209. 

Fairfifid, 6, 21, 24, 35, 51, 68, 81, 87, 108, 131, 

105,20.3, 237,242,208. 
Fallas, O'.i. 
Faneuil, 139. 
Farmer. >>3, 291. 
Fenno, 6, 1 ', 37, 52, 72, 85, 86, 112, 135, 167, 

205,237, 271. 
Ferry, Charlei^town, 8. 

Old iSaliiUJtion, 195. 
Fussenden, 267. 
Fisher, 03,96, 105. 
Fitch, 50, 107, 135, 138, 142. 
Flai'g, 19,230. 

Flans, The, 89, 99, 100, 101, 190. 
Fleet, 49, 69. 
Fletcher, 69, 105,240. 
Floi<sf, 199. 
Flovd, 86, 93. 
Fluckcr, 2, 7. 10, 10, 17, 23, .32, 36, 40, 45, 47, 

CO, 8'), 90, 114, 120, 136, 140, 141, 142, 153, 

130, 212, 245, 243, 284. 
Foot, 3. 

Ford, 2, 18, 34, 50, 69. 
For.svth, 3, 18, 34, 82. 
Foniiicalion, The, 68, 79, 189, 190, 208, 209, 

219. 
Fosler, 2, 17, 24, 35, 111, 131, 142, 145, 267. 
Fowlc, 236. 
Fovc, 133. 
Franklin, 299. 
Frary, 170, 190. 
Freeman, 163. 

(l.ahricl, 198. 

Ga>,'L', 297, 299, 309, 303, 307, 315, 317, 319, 

320,322,324. 
Gardner, 3, 0, 12, 18, 24, 35, .50, 51, 60, 66. 70, 

79, 52. 105, 109, 1 17, 130, 132, 163, 166, 199, 

204, 207, 2.35, 269. 
Gay. 3, 50. 70, 84, IK), 136, 168, 199, 204, 233, 

236, 270 
Oelaspy, 224. 
Gendall,33. 
George, 239. 
Geyer, 171. 
Gibbius, 280. 
Gibbs, 48. 
Gideon, 195. 

Gill, 35, 69, 205, 236, 239, 273, 289,300. 
Goal, The, 291. 

County, 261. 
Goldthwait, 1, 6, 1?, 31, 46, 48, 53, 54, 55, 07, 

76,78, 126, 136, 140, 142, 153, 179, 181, 

185, 20-., 200, 207, 212, 214, 222, 236, 237, 

238, 241, 248, 2.50, 270, 282, 294. 
Gooding, 260. 
Gordon, 96, 153,154, 104. 
Gore, 105, 207, 233, 234, 266, 277. 
Gould, 16', 292. 
Grainary, The, 4, 6, 84. 



Granary. The, 19, 22, 37. 38. 52, 71. 72,85, 
110, 112, 135, 107, 16S, 204, 205, 236, 237, 
270, 271. 
Grant, 1, 2, 4, 9, 13, 15, 21, 26, 36, 45, 51, 06, 
07, 81, 87. 101, 108, 114. 134, 143, 144, 150, 
153, 180, 198, 230, 285. 
Gray, 2, 3, II, 18, 20, 34, 35, 38, 50, .52, 53, 70, 
71, 80, 82, N4, 90,98, 103, 105, 106, lOX, 
110, 114, 125, 132, 136, 138, 14J, 153, 154, 
155, 157, 165, 167. 177, 180, 181, 203, 205, 
208, 212. 234, 236, 239, 245, 268, 2l0, 284. 
Greanleaf, 161. 
Greanleaff, 161, 172, 187, 197, 233, 239, 243, 

201 , 266. 
Orcanlcriffe, 111. 
Greenle;if, 11,26, 00. 
Green leal'e, 35. 
Grcenleair, 130, 221. 
.Oreenleaffe, 95. 
Great Brilaiu, 15, 33, 36, 37, 41, 41, 104, 120, 
121, 12.', 154, 155, 173, 170, IT-, 182, IS ;, 
184, 18i. 191,228,229.243, 2-50, 280, 287, 
289, 297, 299, 309, 324. 
Green. 48, 01, 02, 67. 09, 76. 84, 85, 90, 114, 
llli, 142, 152. 167, 23t, 267, 277. 
, Greene, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 19, 20, 23, 53. 
Greonliaf, t^ee Greanleaft". 
Greeuleaf'e, fee GreanlcaU'. 
GrecnIeatV, see Greanleafl". 
Greenl: aiVe, see Greanleaff. 
f Greenough, 2, 17, 34, .35, 48, 131, 132. 
J CJrenougli, 50, 08, 09, So, 82, 83, 105, 107, 
1 108, 135, 140, 163, 16 i, 198, 203, 233, 234, 

l 246, 200, 208. 

{;reenw/>od, 29, 33, 151,171, 230, 240, 285. 
Grenough, koo Greenoiigh. 
Gndley, 95, 159, 2J4. 
Grozier, 117. 



( nail, 5,133, 164, 198, 239, 267. 
( Hale, 17,33. 49, 07, 81,95, 106. 
Hall, 34, 80,93,242,280. 
Hall, Faneuil, 1, 10, 15, 16, 22, 28. 29. ."0, 31, 
40,53,51,59, 01, 7:), 87, 88, 93, 102, 
10», 111,112, 113,123, 125, l:0, 129, 
139, 141, 148, 15-', 153, 154, 155, 157, 
158, 101, 11.2, 170, 171, 172, 174, 175, 
170, 179, ISO, 190, 191, 194, 195, 196, 
197,205,210,211, 212, 215,218,219, 
220,222,225,227, 230, 232,244,250, 
2.)2, 253, 257, 259, 201, 205,277, 191, 
294, 295, ■«.)7, 3ul, 302. 
T.iberly, 312. 
Town," 313, 320. 
H.allifa.x, 258, 259, ;i07, 319, 325. 
lIallowell,41, 114, 12S, 129, 187, 2 !0. 
I llamniatt, 78, 80, 96, 105, 130. 
I Hamnictt, 3, 163, 214. 
Ilaniock, 46. 

Hancock, 10, 22, 45, 78, 85, 95, 114, 119. 126, 
130, 135, 13;l, 140, 1.57, 1.".9, 162, 170, 172, 
174, 176, 177,179,181,182,181,187, 189, 
195, 190, 197, 199, 200, 207, 211, 2 2, 215, 
232, 2 3, 23'*. 211, 243, 245, 253, -55, 257, 
260. 261, 203, 206, 207, 273, 278, 282, 285, 
292,291. 
Harris, 108, 129, 133. 
Harrod, 3, 18, .50, -40, 277, 290. 
riar.-ikins, 70, S3, 109, 132, 106, 204, 209. 
Hart, 27(r. 
Hase, 3, 83. 
Haski:i.s. 19. 50, 235. 
S Haw. '3, 70. 
/ Haws, 109. 
Hayes, 70. 

Head, Deer I.«land, 97, 140. 
Heath, 222. 
Helyer, 19, .30. 
Henchman, 18, 34, 49. 
Henderson, 17,34, 49, 09, 107, 111, 250, SOI, 

303. 
Ilenshaw, 1, 9, 10, 13, 16,22,31,40,44,46, 47, 
53, 61, 02, 7S, 87, 9-, 97, 99, 101, 104. 113, 
115, 119, 124, 130, 141, 112, 157, 15.', 162, 



330 



City Document Xo. 88. 



176, ISO, 181, 187, ISO, 221, 236, 246, 24<<, 
2i2, 253, 255, -im, 273, 278, 279, 282, 294, 
207, 301,302, 303. 
TIewos, 1, 2, 9, 10, 13, 16, SI, 35, 44. 
Hews. 47, 50, 65, 78, 79, 8J, 105, 112, 133, 
139, 142, 170, 190. 
^ Hughes, 53. 
Hicks, 12, 14, 24, 42, 56. 
Highway, The, 41, 68, 70, 79, 119, 148, 214, 

280. 
Hill, 1, 4, 9, 13, 26, 45, 69, 78, 86, 93, 95, 115, 
119, 123,126, 127, 131, 136, 137,147, 
181, 20S, 214,219, 222, 238,210, 200, 
267, 280, 289, 293. 
Hill, Beacon, 10, 14, 119, 124, 149, 260. 

Fort, 10. 
( nill.-hoioii^'h, 300, 307, 308. 
\ IlilUbiin-ough, 311, 313, 318, 319,320,323, 
( 324. 

llitchbui-QO, 83, 133, 277. 
Hobba, 4, 19, 36. 
Hncli,'<lcn, 70, 83. 
Hodson, 110, 140. 
llolbrook, 11,24, 42, 53, 59, 75, 94, 116, 146, 

185, 186, 207, 213, 216, 247, 271, 283. 
r^olill.^y, 20, 21, 34. 
J ll()lliJay,3,8, 11, 13. 

) llollyday, 50, 70, 151, 165,202, 206,220,239, 
i 200,268, 291. 
( Holtnui*, 82, 105, 107, 135,172. 
{ Homos, 163, 1(38, 199, 204, 233, 235, 26:5,270, 
( 285, 290. 

Holyoko, 12, 24, 43, 59, 75, 94, 115, 145, 185, 

213, 247. 
Ilomans, 167. 
Homes, see Holmes. 
Hood, 297, 299, 300, 303, 321, 324. 
Hooper, 11. 78. 
Hoskins, 4. 

Hospital, Haneock's.loO. 
Uou.se, Alms, 6, 7, 22, 25, 38, 39, 52, 08, 71, 
72, 74, 84, 85, 86, 87, 91, 98, 110, 
111, 118, 136, 167, 170,205, 2 3, 
218, 23(5, 253, 270, 271, 275, 283, 
291. 
Custom, 173. 
Court, 190, 286, 291. 
Gun, 217, 220, 273. 
M.mufiictory, 3J2. 
Meeting, Dr. Chauncev's, 05. 
Mr. Byles's, 71, 84. 
Old Brick Meeting, 71. 
Old North Meeliug, 02,71. 
Powder, 176. 
Town, 46, 49. 54,56, 60,61, 62, 63,65, 

09, 72, 315, 320. 
Work, 6, 24, 25, 27, 38, 87, 227, 275, 
291, 323. 
How, 193. 

Howard, 33, 242, 245. 269, 284. 
Hubbard, 5, 10, 15, 23, 28, 30, 31, 32, 39, 65, 
7-', 73, 70, 90, 102, 103, 101, 113, 114, l-'3, 
127, 1J9, 140, 141, 153, 180, 198, 2i2, 245, 
248, 234. 
Hudson, 14. 
Hui^lu's, see Hewes. 
Hunt, 10, 213,2lii, 282, 283. 
Hurd, 13, 31,49, 236,270. 
Hutchinson, 20, 30, 46, 79. 80, 85, 103, 133, 
134, 140, 145,179, 184,197, 203*207,222, 
233, 267, 208. 
Hyllier, 50. 

Inches, 30, 48, 06, 69, 80, 83, 87. 101, 105, 107, 
130, l:'5, 163, 180, 197, 198, 200, 221, 222, 
2.'5, 241, 248, 250, 252, 253, 255, 257, 266, 
282, 294. 

Ireland. 226. 

Island, Deer, 15, 220, 237. 
Noddles, 123. 

Islands, West India, 41. 

Ivers, 163. 

Jackson, 1, 2, 4, 9, 10, 13, 10, 17, 18, 19, 31, 34, 



35, 38, 40, 44, 46, 47, 48, n, 52, 53, 56, 01 , 
62,68, 70, 78,83,81. 104, lu5,107,lM, 114, 
117, 1 .O, 131, 134, 13">, i:'.8, 142, 162, 103, 
164, 167, 168, 176, 181, 184, 187, 107, 204, 
232, 235, 240, 244, 253, 255, 266, 270, 282, 
290, 294, 295, 297, 301. 

Jarvis, 292. 

JefFri.s, 2, 6, 7, 12, 17, 22, 25, 26, 33, 34, 38, 
43, 40, 47, .52, 57, .59, 66, 71, 74, 76, 78, 80, 
84. 85, 80, 95. 105, 110, 112, 114, 116, IIH, 
130, 136, 138, 142, 146, 164, 167. 182, 186, 
199, 202, 203, 205, 209, 214, 215, 218, 234, 
236, 240, 246, 247, 267, 270, 273, 234, 285, 
200. 

Jenkins, 10, ."^O, 51, 70, 83, 100, 132, 165, 166, 
204, 23'-. 200. 

Jennings, 133. 

Jepson, 207. 

Jervis, 114. 
I Johonnot, 290. 
I Johonnott, 142. 

Jones, 114, 142, 181. 

Joy, 166, 203, 235, 240, 269, 277. 

Kast, 117. 

Kert, 40, CO, 87, 103, 106, 153, 159, 184, 188, 
208, 214, 21,'), 217, 219, 240, 242, 243, 248, 
251, 255, 260, 282, 290, 204, 297, 3ul. 

Kilbey, 81, 174. 

Kinnn, 81, 106. 

Kneeland, G, 2), 21,35,50. .51, 6S, 81. 87, 94, 
98, 108, 131, 145, 165, 203, 237, 26S. 

Knight, 109. 

Knox, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235,269. 

Lane, 256. 
Lane Bear. 170. 
Jolifts, 137. 
Long, 73, 137, 289. 
Uawson'B.49. 
Langdon, 25, 43, 50, 75, 94, 116, 146, 1S5. 
Langley, .50. 69, 82, 108. 
Laziub^', 291. 

Leaveret, 52. 71, -•33, 266. 

Leveret, 100, 135, 172, 243. 

Leveretl, 2, 3, 17, 84, 107, 207. 
Lee, 18, 70. 
Leveret, see Leaveret. 
Lcverett, see Leavertt. 
Lewis, 54, 65, 78, 70, 00, 105, 112, 139, 142. 
Lilly, 100. 
Lindsey, 164. 
Lis well, 33. 
Little, 298. 

Lloyd, 131. 

Loyd, 117, 123,2.33. 

Loyde, 115. 
Loudon, 37, 41, 44, 190, 212, 218,224,231,256, 

272, 208, 299, 303. 
Longlev, 34. 
Lord, 117. 
Loring, 246, 269. 
Lolhrop, 277, 234. 
Louisbourg, 15. 

ri.ovel, 11.24, 42, 43, 58, 59, 75, 88. 92, 93, 
! 94. 115, 116. 125. 126, 145, 146, 165, 135, 

1 209, 212, 213. 246, 247, 283. 

[Lovell, 126. 

Low, 3, 17, 34, 132, 166, 203, 235, 269, 279, 
280, 281. 

Lowe, 2, 108. 
Lowder, 70. 

Lowell, IS. 34, .50, 110, 199. 
Loyd. see Lloyd. 
Loyde, see Lloyd. 
Lucas, 244, 260, 270. 
I.yde, 114, 2.34. 

Mackay, 240, 266, 278. 

I Malcom, 19U. 

j Malcomb, 172, 187, 193, 212, 254, 255, 261. 
Maiden, 232. 

I Man, 130. 

I Mann, 83. 



Index to Names. 



331 



Mnnsficld, 181. ' 

Marblobe.'id, 181. 

Markfl, The, 302. 

ilarUft, Fanuuil Hall, 3, 12, 16, 19, 20, 23, 27, 
28, 2'J, 30, 33, 43, 48, 69, 64, 90, 
110, 171, 210,236,237. 
Soutb, 170. 

Marsh, 266. 

ilarsh. The, 279, 280, 281. 
Salt, 279, 2S0. 

Marshall, 09, 83, 107, 133, 135, 163, 172, 199, 

233, 206, 285. 
Mnr.ston, 233. 

J Martin, lin, 270. 

} Martyn, 207. 

Masou, 33, 47, G !. 70, SQ, 105, 130, 163, 197, 

2j7, 206, 273, 282, 2'U. 
Masters, 83, 109. 132, 166, 204, 23"). 269. 
Mather, 10, 2f3, 79, 96, 114, 141, 181, 197, 212, 

245, 284. 
M.iy, 49, 6J, 198, 209, 233, 266. 
Mayes, HO. 
&lavhew,96, 114, 181. 
McAI[)iiic, 164. 
McClure, 40, 74, 81, 107, 124. 
McDaniel, 12, 13, 3;r2. 

} Mclntire, 17, 34. 

} Mcliityre, 49, 163. 
Mcintosh, 132, 106, 203, 235. 
Mcl.ano, 19, 171. 
McMastcrs, 298. 
Wcin, 164,298. 
Mcriot, CO. 
Messiiiirer, 171. 
Mill Pond, 147. 
Mill Stream, 279, 280. 
Mills, 33. 
Mills, North, 282. 

The Orist, 135, 147. 241, 253, 279, 2S2, 
294, 295. 
Minot, 30. 
Montressor, 324. 
Mooie, 18, 35, 49, 69, 106. 
Moretou, 246. 
Mnfl'itl, 110, 167. 
Mulliucnx, 119, 161, 180, 2G1, 273, 276, 277, 

279, 291. 
Murray, 243. 

Neck, The, 12, 20, 6S, 86, 93, 115, 119, 123, 
126, 137, 144, 145, 150, 196, 208. 209, 
241. 
Boston, 86, 87, 03. 125, 126, 127, 136, 
137, 145, 147, 150, 189, IwO, 209,215, 
216. 
New England, 32, 43, 173, 177, 2:)3, 260. 

Hampshire, 1, 10, 16, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 
117, 129, 162, 197, 232, 252, 260,205, 
2'J4, 302. 
London, 181. 

VorU, 25'<, 259.261, 324, 325. 
Newell, 30, 38, 52, 70, 110, 102, 187, 197, 199, 

208, 2 JJ, 235, 252, 285. 
Newman, lu3. 
Nichols, 2, 18, 31, 50, 63, 82, 108, 132, 166, 203, 

234, 208. 
Noland, 26'.t. 
Nowell, 133, 269. 

Noycs, 3. 45, 74, 7S, 82, 89, 108, 131, 105, 203, 
•.;22, 237, 268. 



Oliver, 1, 4, 6, 7, 10, 11, 16, 21, 23, 26, 31 
47, 78, 127, 129, 141, 245, 2S0. 

Orr, 171. 

Osborn, 11, 114. 

Otis, 40, 45, 43, .53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 67, 68, 73 
78, 79, 86, 88, 89, 97, 90, 102, 103, 104, 
115, 119, 120, 123, 124, 125, 120, 129, 
141, US, 151, 152, I5S 1,')6, 157, 158, 
162, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 1-2, 186, 
189, 191, 104, 195, 196, 197, 208, 209, 
211, 212, 215, 219, 220, 2)0,232,243, 
215, 246, 248, 252, 253. 255, 257, 259, 
263, 264, 265, 267, 270, 272, 277, 273, 
234, 285, 233, 294, 297, 298, 301, 302. 



,-44, 



113, 
110, 
159, 
187, 
210, 
214, 
260, 
282, 



Owen, S3, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 

Paddock, 19, 35, 50, 70, 82, 135, 163, 199, 233, 

201, 266. 
Pa£Cc, 163, 236, 270. 
f I'ain, 2, 18. 
I I'aine, 34, ,50. 
Payne, 82, 103, 132, 131, 1.30, 171, 180,181, 
189, 197. 199, 203, 214,219, 221,222, 2-.X5, 
238, 241, 246, 248, 250,254,255, 257, 282, 
294. 
Palfrev, 35. 

Parkei-, 5, 17, 33, 34, 49, 67, 60, 114, 133, 163. 
I'arkman, 181. 

Partridge, 105, 207, 233, 239, 206. 
Patten, 4, 5, 17. 
Paxton, 304, 305, 307. 
Payne, see Pain. 

Payson, 8, 21, 36, 51, 67, 81, 92, 108, 134, 142, 
143, 144,1.50, 151, 105, 201, 202, 203, 217, 
220, 291, 292, 293, 295, 300. 
Pease, 132, 106, 204, 235, 269. 
Peck, 2, 128, 129,206. 
Pecker, 1 17, 149. 105, 203, 237, 268. 
Peniberton, 10, 26, 72, 78, 96, 114,125,141, 

176, 181, 212, 245, 2.52, 253, 255, 206, 273, 
282, 284, 294. 

Peiree, 207 , 290. 

I Peirpoint, 20, 80, 151, 172, 272, 273. 
) Pierpoint, 20,1. 
Perkins, .34,49,78, 114, 117, 123, 131,181,277, 

285. 
PiTrv, 196, 208. 
'Phillips, 1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 16, 17, 22, 23, 28, 29, 
31, 32, 33, :'.4, 35, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 53, 
56, 57, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 09, 73, 79, 80, 
87,90, 104, 110, 111, 119, 134, 1.35, 13's 
14.', 145, 102, 103, 108, i:9, 180, 181, 181, 
187, 190, 197, 201, 2:'.2, 235, -uJ, 209,273, 
L 285. 

Pico, 36, 50, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166,204,235,269. 
( PIdueon. 172. * 

) Pi-eon, 80, 98, 111. 
Pierpoint, see Peirpoint. 
Pigeon, see Pidgeou. 
Pitcher, 171. 
Pitt, 175. 
Pitts, 2, 7, 17, 32, .33, 45, 181, 197, 234, 245, 

248, 251, 270, 284. 
Place, The Market, 55. 
Plvmoulh, 109, 170, 172. 
Point Gallop's, 279, 281. 

Shirley, 15, 103. 
Pool, 267. 

Potter, 4, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Powell, 241,266,293. 
Powuall, 26, 31, 38, 39, 44, 299. 
( I 'rat, 10, 23, .36, 46. 
) Pratt, 220, 237, 238. 
Presson, 240. 
Preston, 198. 
Price, 110, 135, 136, 167, 196, 199, 203, 209, 

214, 222, 226, 236, 238, 289, 290, 293. 
Prince, 3. 
Procter, 12, 24, 43, 59, 75, 94, 107, 115, 144, 

185, 213,240, 247, 283. 
Prout, 281. 
Province, Massachusetts Bay, 32, 65, 157, 1-59, 

177, 178, 244, 254, 260. 
Pynchon, 117. 



Quincy, ISO, 189, 221, 225, 254, 255, 261, 272, 
273, 285. 

■Randolph, 173. 

Ranstead, IS, 35. 

Kay, 3, 18, .34, 35,50, GO. 

Revear. 165. 

Rhode Mand, 1, 10, 16,31,46,65,79.104,129, 

102, 197, 232, 252, 230, 265, 294. 302. 
Rhodes, 3. 
Richardson, 3, 131, 136,163, 194, 169,233,241. 

250, '269. 



332 



City Document No, 88. 



Richie, 67, 74. 

Uid<5wny,18, 50, 106. 

River Napoiisit, 40. 

Koad, The Great, 216. 

liobbins, 204. 

Roberts, 117. 

Ruliinson, 315. 

Rogers, 17, 19, 33, 49, 66, 81, 167, 198, 298. 

Kowe, 2, 5, 7, 17, 22, 23, 24, 26, 31, 34, 35, P,8, 
48, 52, G8, 7 I, 83, 84, 85, 98, 104, 107, 115, 
126, 1.34, 135, 1.36, 140, 151, 152, 154, 1.57, 
159, 163, 164, 171, 176, ISO, 187, 189, 195, 
193, 197, 198, 206, 212, 221, 224, 2J5, 232, 
2.33, 241, 249, 253, 255, 256, 257, 260, 261, 
268, 268. 

Roxbiiry, 216, 255, 282, 315. 

Ruddoek, 8, 11,21, 23, 29. 36, 51, 53, 61, 62, 
67, 81, 92, 103, 105, 106, 111, 115, 116, 126, 
130, 133, 135, 142, 143, 152, 157, 159, 162, 
170, 174, 179, 181, 1-6, 197, 200, 202, 205, 
215, 221, 2.32, 253, 2-55, 261, 266, 273, 274, 
279, 282, 292, 294. 

Ruggles, 150, 165, 171, 172, 201, 202, 206, 220, 
239,268,291,292, 299. 

Ru.s.sell, 18, 49. 

Russia, 227. 

Salmon, 6, 17, 33, 49, 66, 81, 106, 133, 163, 164, 

193, 2.!9, 267. 
Salt, 70, 83, 109, 132, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Salter, 129, 133, 1-34, 142, 143, 144, 150, 151, 

165, 201, 202, 206, 216, 220, 239, 268, 291. 
Saltonstall, 181. 
Savage, 2, 3, 22, 38, 47, 50, 54, 65, 78, 79, 81, 

112, 114, 139, 142, 220, 239, 268, 291. 
School, North Gramar, 53, 115, 14>. 

Grammar, 11, 12. 13, 15,24, 25, 
26, 42, 43, 46, 59, 75, 78, 
94, 98, 114, 116, 142, 146, 
181, 185, 200,203, 209, 210, 
212, 213, 248, 283, 285. 
Lattin, 282. 

Writim.', 11, 12, 14, 24, 25, 26, 
43, 46, 56, 59, 75, 78, 94, 95, 
96, 114, 115, 116, 142, 146, 
181, 185,212, 213, 242, 246, 
247, 283, 285. 
South Gramer, 58. 

Grammar, 11, 12, 24, 26, 42,43, 
46, 59, 75, 78, 94, 96, 114, 
115, 116, 125, 126, 142, 145, 
146, 181, 185,209,210, 212, 
213,246,247,283, 285. 
"Writing, 11, 12, 26, 46, .53, 56, 
75,78, 96. 114,118,125,142, 
181, 212, 271, 285. 
Writing, 11, 12, 24, 25, 26, 43, 46, 59, 
75, 78, 94, 96, 114, 115, 116, 1-I2, 
145, 146, 181, 185. 186, 207, 212, 
213, 246, 247, 283, 284. 
ScoUay, 1, 2, 4, 9, 10, 13, 16, 17, 19, 31, 35, 38, 
44, 47, 48, 52, GO, 65, 68, 70, 78, 79, 83, 84, 
96, 98, 104, 107, 110, 112, 114, 130, 135, 13J, 
171,233,266,285. 
Sconce, The, 99. 
Scotland, 226, 287. 
Scott, 70, 84, 107, 110, 132, 163, 198. 
Scutt, 8, 15. 

Herge.iDt, 95, 108, 132, 166, 203, 2.34, 268. 
Sewall, 11, 26, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 65, 78, 79, 80, 
96, 102. 104, 112, 114, 123, 130, 135, 139, 
141, 142, 159, 162, ISI, 184, 197, 211, 212, 
232, 245, 252, 285. 
Shaw, 131, 142, 172, 199. 
5 Sheiff, 187. 
J Slieuffe, 100. 
Shed, C7, 171. 
Shclburac, 303. 
( Shepurd, 3. 
/ Shepherd, 1G6, 204,235. 
Sherburne, 1 19, 277. 
( SiniauH, 20 1. 
] Simens, lo9, 167, 235. 
( SiraoUB, 133, 279,280, 



( Sirakins, 172, 199. 
} Sirapkins, 17. 
Siraraous, 147. 
Simms, 83, 269. 
Simons, see Simans. 
Simpkins, see Sirakins. 
Simpson, 3, 233, 285. 
i Skillens,234. 

I Skilline, 82, 108, 138, 166, 203, 268. 
Skinner, 136, 168, 204, 236, 270. 

Smith, 2, 3, 7, 17, 32, 47, 48, 50, 66, 80, 105, 

l.iO, 136, 163, 181, 197, 198. 
Smyth, 270. 
Snelling, 266. 
SoUieu, 70. 
Sparhawk, 181, 245. 
Spear, 3, 19, 35, 60, 70, 83, 103, 109, 132, 166, 

198, 204, 235, 269. 
Spoouer, 85, 267. 
Sprague. 78, 117, 142, 246. 
Square, Dock, 30, 41, 54, 55, 62, 210. 

Market, 302. 
St. James, 178. 
Steel, 104. 

Stevenson, 164, 166, 204, 235. 
Stirasoa, 163. 

Stoddard, 18, 34, 50, 51, 70. 236, 270. 
Storer, 1, 7, 16, 32, 33, 45, 56, 64, 80, 105, 130, 

163. 197, 2u7, 239. 273. 
Storey, 9, 13. 22, 24. 26, 38, 52, 54, 55, CO, 61, 

62, 71, 85, 86, h7, 95, 110, 111, 135. 
Street, Ann, 20, 27, 39, 214. 
Back, 23. 
Bacon, 49. 

Battery March, 128, 129. 
Beunet, 219. 
Bread, 128. 
Cambridge, 115. 
Cross, 23. 
Fish, 111, 115. 
Kilby, 206. 
King, 41, 89. 
Leaveret, 206. 

Milk, 12^<, 129. 177, 214, 242, 250. 
Orange, 20,216. 
Prince, 8. 
Purcliaso, 57, 58. 

Queen, 11, 12, 24. 26, 43, 46, 59, 75, 78, 
94, 96, 114, 115, 142. 145. 146. 181, 
185, 212, 213, 246, 247, 283, 285. 
The Now, 242. 
Union, 23, 27. 

Water, 87, 94, 97, 98, 177, 206, 242, 
2.50. 
Sutten, 70. 
Sweetscr, 233. 

Swift, 24, 26, 4r,, 145, 172, 240, 241, 250. 
Symmes, 2, 18, 34. 
Symms 67, 69, 82. 108. 124, 132, 165, 166, 

203, 234, 242, 267, 268. 
Syms, 49, 50. 

Tavern, Golden Ball, 137, 144. 

Salutation, 214, 222. 
Taylor, 24, 26, 52, 87, 138, 163, 164. 

thacher, 9, 23, 26, 29, 33, 40, 46, 67, 76, 78, 

85. 86, 87, 88, 90, 95, 99, 101, 113, 120. 
Thixtcher, 141, 157. 
Thather, 60. 

Th.ayer, 2, 5, 17, 19, US, 34, 35, 49, 50, 66, 69, 
70, 81, 82, 106, 108, 109, 132, 133, 166, 
172, 199, 203, 234, 268, 269. 
Thomas, 5, 17, 33, 48, 49, 66, 81, 106, 133, 174, 

267, 290. 
Thomlinson. 41, 43, 44. 
Thompson, 165. 
Thornton, 171. 
Thwing, 79, 80, 88, 105, 111, 114. 130, 142, 181. 

iTilcBton, 25, 35, 43, 75, 108, 116, 132, 143, 
153, 154, 171, 185, 209, 213, 247,283,284, 
292. 
Tileston, 3, 12, 49, ,56, 59, 94, 95. 105, 146. 
Tylcston, G9. 
Tiuuey, 83, 110. 



Index to Names. 



333 



Torbet, 164. 

Torrey, 18, 35, 51, 68, 107, 108, 131, 135, 163, 
165, 198,203,237. 

Town Slip, 129. 

'I'ownseiiil, 18, 95, 2.33. 

Treat, 3, 36, .lO, 70, 8;;, 88, 109, 132, 133, 166. 

Treeothick, 299. 

Trott, 163. 

Tnimbles, 226. 

( Tuder, 86, 87, 88, 111,1.36, 142, 168, 181, 204, 
{ 236,240,241,270,295. 

( Tudor, 1, 7, 16, 32, 45, 47, 66, 103. 

Turcll,266. 

Turuc-r, 174, 203, 234, 269. 

Tyler, 1, 2, 5, 7, 11, 13, 16, 17, 20, 22, 23, 28, 
32, 35, 36, 40, 45, 46,' 47, 48, 57, 58, 60, 66, 
68, 73, 78, 7!", 8:{, S6, 87, 88, 97, 101, 104, 
105, 106, 107, 111, 113, 116, 120, 125, 126, 
130, 131, 134, 1,35, 138, 140, 141, 142, 145, 
1.53, 151, l.'>7, 161, 176, 199, 200, 207, 20(i, 
215, 2.33, 24S, 2-.4, 255, 266. 

Tylcston, sec Tileston. 

Tyng, 10, 23, 36, 280. 

Usher, 1.33, 198, 239, 267. 

V-issal, 246. 

( Vergooee, 3, 18, 34, 69, 82, 108, 1.32, 166,203, 

{ 234, 208. 

( Vergose. .50. 
Vernon, 240. 

( Vinal, 12, 25,43, 59, 75, 76,94,116,118,119. 

i Vinall, 56. 

Wakefield, 96. 

Waldo, 26, 80, 114, 131, 138, 164, 197, 198, 199, 

233, 239, 206, 267. 
Wales, 3, 18, 34, 35, 50, 69, 82, 198. 
Walker, 1, 7, 16, 23, 32, 45, 47, 66, 74, 82, 107, 
108, 130, 132, 106, 203, 234, 268. 

( Wallace, 17, 267. 

I Wallis, 33, 198, 239. 
Walley, 3, 82, 241, 266, 285. 
Ward, 271. 
Warland, 207. 
Warren, 117, 241, 248, 2.54, 255, 2.57, 260, 261, 

272, 279, 285, 297, 301. 
W.aterhou8e, 38, 48. 
Waterman, 138, 166, 204, 235, 269. 
Waters, 82, 171. 
Webb, 34, 110, 165, 167, 199. 

( Welch, 18, 34, 49, 82, 110, 165. 

I Welsh, 2. 



Weld, 17,49. 
Welds, 100. 
f Well, 153. 

Welles, 40, 45. 
■I Wells, 20, 61, 62, 66, 67, 76, 78, 81,88, 07, 
103, 104, 105, 106, 114, 1..], 1.52, 153, 157, 
[ 158, 184. ISO. 207, 242, 261, 277. 
Welsh. Sk' Welch. 
Wendell, 11, 2>!, 35, 48, 69, 80, 83, 107, 135, 

163, 172, 181, 199, 233, 266, 285, 299. 
(Weulworth, 78, 97, 98, 115, 119, 123,125, 
' 126. 127, 12*», 142, 147, 238. 

( Whentworth, 86, 93. 
Westminster, 287. 
Wharf, Lon'T, 89. 
Wharfe, Alford's, 100. 
Long, 90, 101. 
Longe, 98. 
Scarlets, '.'9. 
Wharff, Hancock's, 256, 309. 
Whe.ulv, 41. 
Wbce'er, 18, 133, 167. 
Wheelright, 97. 

Wheeiwi ighl, 2, 45, 70, 83, 98, 109, 132, 166, 
204, 2:!.>, 269. 
Whentworth. iSee Wentworth. 
White, 2, 6, IS, 21, 83, 109, 132, 166, 168, 197, 

204, 2,33, 23J, 236, 242, 266, 269, 270. 
Whitefield, 104. 
Whiling, 142. 

Whitwell, 74, SO, 82, 105, 109, 130, 131, 1,32, 
16i, 166, 197, 204, 233, 2,35, 239, 241, 266, 
269, 273, 277, 289, 293. 
Whitworth, 117,285. 

Williams, 05, Tl, 84, 88, 94, 107, 11.5, 135, 1.38, 

163, 166, 167, 181, 199, 204, 205, 207, 212, 

219, 2J1, 222, 233, 234, 235, 236, 238, 269, 

3«5, 307. 

Wingti(ld,2o4. 

Wiuslow, 2, 11, 26, 29, 64, 78, 131, 142, 149, 

162,221. 
Winter, 78, 110, 1,33, 171. 
Winthro]), 114,280. 

Wiswall, 11,18, 24, 34, 42, 43, 49,53,75, 94, 

115, 145, 185. 
Wiswell, 200, 236, 270. 

Young, 253, 255. 
Yougust, 117. 



Surnames Omitted. 



Limers, \ 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



Accounts, to examine, 5, 6, 7, 22, 34, 38, 52, 
84-5,86,91, 110,111,118,134,136, 
139, 153, 167, 170, 200, 205, 218, 
222, 236, 239, 251, 270, 289, 293, 
300. 
reports on, 6, 9, 13-14,19,25,37,38, 
44, 52, 57, 71-2,85-6, 90-3, 138, 
143-t, 154, 107, 182, 200-2, 218, 
237,240, 271, 290. 
to liquidate, 161, 170-1. 
Act, for takintc valuation of the Province, 63. 
application to court for, to remove per- 
sons spreadini^iufeetious disease, 118. 
to prevent destruction of Beacon Hill, 

119, 149. 
concerning erection of wooden building, 

149. 
Stamp. (>SVe Stamp Act.) 
"declaring the riglit and liberties of the 

subject," etc., 261, 262, 203, 264. 
concerning Court of Admiralty, 287. 
Bankrupt. {Sfe Bankiui)t Act.) 
Revenue. (See Revenue Acts.) 
37, Sec. 9. (See Anno, Queen, Act of.) 
Admiralty, Court of. (See Court.) 
Agriculture, 121, 183. 

Alford's wharf, 100. (See aho Wharves.) 
Almshouse, 6, 7, 25, 38, OS, 71, 72, 80, 87, 98, 
118,248,253, 271, 275, 2T6. 
to repair, 283. 
master of the, 74, 291. 
accounts of, 91, 218, 275, 290. 

to audit, 22, 38, 39, 52, 

71, 84, no, 118, 136, 

1.38, 167, 205, 2o6, 

240, 270. 

money advanced to town, for use 

of, 7, 22, 38, 52, 68, 71, 74, 84, 85, 

110, 111, i:;6, 167, 205, 236, 270. 

grain to purchase for, 214, 248, 

253, 271. 
pavement at, 91. 
town's land north of, 170. 

title of town's claim 
to, disputed, 170. (See 
a/so Lands, etc.) 
America, 153, 154, 155, 175, 176, 186, 191, 194, 
243, 244, 257, 259,2811, 287, 288, 297, 
298, 299, 307, 309, 324. 
British, 153, 222, 303. 
North, 175, 177, 178, 182, 183, 225, 

227, 287, 289. 
manufacturei's in, to encourage, 222, 
223-4. 
Anchors, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 
Anne, Queen, Act of, 259. 
Ann street, 20,27, 39, 214. 
Apparel, 221, 223, 224. (See also Imports.) 
Archives, 157. 
Armories, 220, 248. 
Arras a7id ammunition, 91, 264, 320. 

to be cleansed, 320. 
Army, standing, 263, 320. 
Artillery, 217, 220, 24S, 273. 

officers of, 273. (See also Ord- 
nance.) 
Artists, 212, 218. 

Assayers, 3, 18, 50, 70, 84, 110, 136, 168, 204, 
•r.6, 270. 



Assembly or Court, general, 8, 10, 14, 22, 24, 
26, 33, 36, 37. 39, 40, 41, 42, 
43, 54, 55, 57, 59, 62. 63, 67, 68, 
72, 77, 86, 88, 90, 97, 98, 100, 
102,104,110,112, 113, 117,118, 
119, 120, 121, 122, 125, 128, 
137, 141, 142, 148, 149, 150, 
152, 155, 156, 157, 161, 162, 
174, 176, 177, 180, 182, 184, 
188, 190, 196, 211, 218, 232, 
244, 248, 250, 252, 257, 260, 
261, 202, 203, 272, 278, 2 9, 
285, 286, 289, 300, 302, 311, 
321. 
petition to, to prefer, 54, 55, 62, 

08, 76, 128, 272. 
prorogation, 161. 
to convene, 222-3, 260. 263. 
Assessors, 2, 6, 7, 9, 21, 22, 28-9, 33, 34, 39, 
42, 51, .52, 58. 67, 68, 71, 74, 
81. 82, 84,91, 107-8,111, 118, 131, 
137, 149, 158, 164-5, 170, 203, 206, 
217, 237, 241, 250, 252-3, 268, 270. 
books, 5, 21, 34, 36, 51 , 67, 81 , 107-8, 
134, 158, 164-5, 206, 217, 250, 
252-3. 
to furnish list or valuation of es- 
tates, 29, 42.58. 
of names of per- 
sons taxable, 217. 
Attorney-General, 149. 



Back street, 23. 

Bacon street. (See Beacon street.) 

Bankrupt Act, 174, ISO. 

repeal of, to move, 180. 
Barbers' powder, etc., 224. 
Barracks, (.see Troops.) 
Battery, north, 144, 161, 189. 
south, 42, 99. 
wharf, 151. 
Battery March street, 128-9, 214. 
Beacon hill, preservation of, 10, 14, 119, 124, 
149. 
tar barrels at, 260. 
Beacon street, 49. 
Bear lane, to pave, 170. 
Bedlam. (See Insane, hospital for.) 
Bells, ringing of. '•!. 
Bend.al's Cove, 279, 281. 

Benefactors, public, names of, enrolled, 139. 
Rennet street, engine kept in, 219. 
Bequests, public, 126, 139, 179, 184, 207, 215. 
Bill concerning collecting of taxes, 98. 

copies of, to distribute, 98. (See also 

Taxes.) 
Bankrupt, to frame, 184. 
copy of, relating to forstalling market, to 
procure, 302. 
Bills of credit, 1, 2. 10, 10, 17, 31, 33, 46, 47, 
48, 65, 66, 79, 104, 129, 162, 197, 199, 
216, 21f, 220, 230, 232, 234, 252. 253, 
260, 265, 267, 294, 295, 297, 301, 302. 
to engross, 140. 
hand, 210. 
Board of Customs, commissioners of, 250, 

253, 254-5. 258. (Si-e also Custom.) 
Bonds. (See Sureties, bonds to be given as.) 



Index to Subjects. 



38:) 



Boston, 1,5,8,9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 10, 22, 25, 26, 28, 
29, ;',!, 32, 34, 30, 39, -10, 43, 44, 45, 40, 54, 
55, 56, 57, 61, 03, 04, 05, 72, 76, 77, 78, 79, 
88,90,95,90,102,104, 112, 113, il4, 120, 
122, 123, 124, 125, 120, 127. 12y, 139, 140, 
141,142,145,148,149, 152, 153, 154, 155, 
157, 158, 159, 100, 102, 108, 109, 172, 173, 
175,176,177,178,179, 1^0. 181, ISO, 187, 
ISS, 189, 190, 101, 192, 193, 194, 195, 197, 
210, 211, 215, 210, 2IS, 219,220,222,225, 
226-7, 230-1, 232, 244, 245, 249-50, 251, 
252, 253, 254, 256, 259, 260, 2-12, 204, 265, 
274, 277, 278, 279, 281, 282, 284, 290, 294, 
295, 297, 298, 300, 301, 302, 303,307,308, 
309, 310, 311, 312, 315, 317, 321, 322, 324, 
325. 

Bostou Haibor. (See Harbor, tlie.) 

Bostou Neck. (See Neck, the.) 

Bostou Kegiment, 217, 248. 

armory fur, to erect, 248. 

Br.iintree, grant of laud at, to mill owners, 
147,279-81. 

Brattle street church, 40, 61, 62. {See also 
ifeetinii; houses.) 

Bread wtreet, 128. 

Breadstutls, 4, 6, 19, 37, .52, OS, 71, 72, 84, 80, 
88, 91, 110, 112, 135, 130, 147, 165, 168, 
204, 205, 214, 236, 237, 240, 248, 253, 270, 
271, 282, 291. 

Brick and tiles, making of, 86-7, 93. 

Bridge, swinir, ;X), 58, 02. 

over Xeponsel river, to rebuild, 40, 40. 
mill, 147, 241, 282, 294, 295. 

Buildings, wooden, to erect, 137, 148. 

rules 10 be observed by 

carpenters, 149. 
license fur, 149. 
for hospital for insaue, to erect, 
184. (.SVc (//vo Insane.) 

Burial place, to repair wall in, 24. 
South, 24, 27. 

Butchers, 90. 

Buttons, gold and silver, 221 , 223. {See also 
Imports.) 

By-laws a?id Orders. {See Orders, town.) 

Cambridge street, paving part of, 115. 
Carpeuters, 59. 

rules to be observed by, in build- 
ing, 149. 
must have license, 149. {SeeaUo 
Trades.) 
Carts, trucks, etc., 77, 147. 280, 302. 
way ineumbered by, 55, 302. 
Castle, the, 309, 310,315, 310,317, 318, 322, 

.324. {See also Fortifications.) 
Cattle, 99. 
Charlestown, 226, 282. 

causeway leading toward, 279, 

280-1. 
Ferry, 8. {See aUo Ferries.) 
letter from seleetmeu of, cuu- 
cerning sale of lamb, 289. 
Charter, Royal, 155. 22:>, 202, 203, 321. 
rights, 156, 229, 202, 203, 280. 
Cheese. {See, Dairy produce.) 
Chelsea, 123. 282. 
Chiranics,99, 108. 

sweeping of, CO-1, 100, 123, 215, 
217. 
rales or charges for, 

123-4. 
hours appointed for, 
124. 
sweepers, 124. 
firing of, 97, 123. 

number of, and names of owners 
of, to submit, 124. 
China, 221, 224. {See. also Imports.) 
Christ church, clock on, to repair, 189. {See 

a/no Meeting houses.) 
Clock, town, 84. 

on Christ church, to repair, 189. 
for Old Hrick church, 190. 



Clocks and watches, 221, 223. {See also 

Imports.) 
Coaches, chaises, and carriages, 221, 223. 

(.SV^ also Imports.) 
Collectors. {See Taxes, rates, etc.) 
Colonies of North .America. 122,153,156,157, 
176, 177, 178, 1T9, 182, 183, 184, 186, 191, 
192,104,222, 223, 224, 225, 227,228,229, 
243, 244, 280, 2S7, 2S'J. 
Commerce, ,32, 121, 109, 178, 183, 273, 275. 
aflecUni;, 187, 290, 324. {See 
alxo Trade, interests.) 
Commissioners, 41 , 250 

Committees, reports of, 6, 7, 9, 10-11, 12, 13- 

14, 20-1, 2.5-6, 27, 36, 37,44, 

45, 46, ,52, 54, .55, 57, 58, 62, 03- 

4, 71-2, 77-8, 8.5-6, 90-2, 9.3^, 

98-9, 101-2, 103-4, 108-9, 112, 

119, 134, l:!5. 138, 14.3-4, 147, 

148,151, 154, 1.55, 107, 182,200- 

2,205,207,208,212.216-17,218, 

223, 224, 225, 2.30-1,237-8, 242- 

3, 24'.'-50, 251, 257, 271, 274, 

279-82, 285, 290, 291-3, 294, 

.300, 303-25. 

to audit accounts, 5, 6, 7, 22, 38, 

71, 84-5, 80, 110, 130, 13'1, 153, 

167, -.00, 205, 222, 236, 239, 270, 

289, 293. 

to present petitions to genoi il 

court, 23-4, 26, .54, 55, 02, 63, 

01, 07, 70, 117, 159, 184,272, 

285-9. 

to fr.iinebv-Iaws, .54-5, 60,71,86. 

to revi.se, 273. 

to act on list of jurors, 71, 85, 

111, 130. 
vacancies on, lo fill, 55-6. 
on increase of Watch, 01. 
on foreslalling the Market, 67, 

70, ilO. 
to visit .Schools, 71, 77-8, 95-6. 
to consiiler making of brick, etc., 

on Boston Neck, 87. 
encroachments on ciroular line, 
to consider, 87, 89, 90, 99, 100- 
1. 
on drains, 87. 
on lauds, etc., 87, 97, 98, 137, 

145. 
on iiinoculation, 106, 112. 

Bankrupt Hill. 180. 
as, in Convention, 203-4. 
Common, .323. 

to enclose, 277. 
granary on tlie, to repair, 22. 
scbooriiouse on the, 24, 25, .59, 7.5, 
94, 114, lie, 146, 185, 180, 207, 
213, 247, 283, 284. 
powder house on, 170, 217, 220, 

248, 273, 
preservation of, 272. 
passasie-way (Hog alley) from 
main street leading to the, nui- 
sance in, to abate, 97, 99. 
Commons, House uf, 150, 175, 1S3. 

copies of letters, au- 
theuticatcd by clerk 
of, 28r>. {See also 
Great Britain, Parlia- 
ment of.) 
Concord, 113. 
Connecticut, 1, 10, 16, 31. 46, 65, 79, 104, 129, 

142, 102, 197. 232, 252, 200, 205, 294, 302. 
Constitution, attack upon the, 286-7, 311. 
Cordage, 221, •.;23. {St-e also Imports.) 
Corn." (Sre BreadstulVs.) 
Corporations, Socielies, etc., 91, 226. (See 
also the following:) 
I.iuen Mauufacture, Society 

of. 
Manufactory Company. 
Correspondence, foreign, 41. {See Q,l»0 
Letters.) 



336 



City Document No. 88. 



Council, 190, 250, 253. 

members of, 55, 99, 110, 148, 159,160, 
187,188,261, 306, 308-9, 310,311, 
318,318,323. 
Chamber, 160, 304. 
Minutes, 189. 

vote of, concerning certain deposi- 
tions, 188-9. 
County, the. (,5fp Suffolk County.) 

Treasury, 5, 51, 07, 81, 107, 134. 
bridge, 40. 

Treasurer, choice of, 47, 48. 
Gaol. (cSVe Goal, county.) 
Tax. (5f« Taxes.) 
Court, general. {See Assembly.) 

of general or quarter sessions, 4,12, 
19,31, 37, 48, el, 66, 148, 163,198, 
239, 267, 272. 
Inferior, of Common Pleas, 160, 161, 

323. 
of Judicature, 280. 

admiralty, 155, 2S7, 288. 
law, 159, 160. 
Probate, 160. 
House, 196, 286. 
new, 291. 

cannon ami guard to remove 
from about, 285-6. 
Cowkeeper, choice of, 3, 18, 35, 50, 55, 70, 

103, 133, 107, 204, 235, 269. 
Cross street, 23. 
Custom House, 169, 173. 

oflioers, 187, 258, 308, 309, 
316. 
Comptroller of, 187, 188, 193, .308. 
Board of Customs, Commissioners of, 
250, 253, 254, 256, 258, 297, 299, 303- 
25. 

Dairy produce, 221, 224. (See also Im- 
ports.) 
Deeds, S9, 101, 216. 
of sale, 10. 
Registrar of, 163. 

titles of the Laud stream, 135. (See 
a/so LaudS; etc.) 
Deer, law for the preservation of, etc., breach 
of, informers agiiinst, 3,18,35, 50, 
70, 82, 109, 132, 163, 204, 235, 
269. 
Island, lease of, 15. 

head, to preserve from en- 
croachments of the sea, 97, 
149-50. 
rent of, to -abate, 220,237-8. 
Depositions, 189, 190, 193, 194. 
to t.ake, 187. 
to keep secret, 188. 
vote of Council on, 188-9. 
Disease, infectious, spread of, to prevent, 52, 
53, 102-:t, 101, 112, 117, 118, 122. (See 
also Small Pox.) 
Dock, the, 48, 57, 58. 64-5. 

watch house at head of, 62. 
warehouse on, to repair, 144. 
Square, 30, 55. 

town pump iu, 41. 
incumbrance, to remove, 54. 

petition concern- 
ing, 55. 
hucksters in, 210. 
Dorchester, 40, 46, 282. 
Dr.ains, 87. 

Duck or sail cloth, to manufacture, 227, 230, 
239, 249-5U. 

Eastern Frontier, garrison service on, to 

maintain, 121. 
Education, 183. {Seeaho Schools.) 
Effigies, hanged upon Liberty Tree, 305-6. 
Election, 250"253, 278. 
Election, decliration of rights to freedom of, 

278. 



England, 44, 190, 193, 196, 258, 259, 262, 287, 
321. 
letters from, 175. 
Europe, 178. 

not to import commodities from, 221, 

223-4, 289. • 
{See also Imports.) 



Faneuil Hall, 1, 10, 15, 16, 22, 28, 29, 31, 40,. 

79, 88,96,102,104,110-11, U3, 

123, 125, 129, 141. 148, 152,1.55, 

157, 158, 162, 170-1, 172, 174, 

175,176,186, 190,191,194,195, 

197,210,211,215,218,219,220, 

227, 230, 232, 244, 250, 2,52, 2-53, 

257, 2.-.9, 264, 265, 277, 294, 295, 

297,301, 302,313,319. 

Market, 3, 12, IB, 20, 27, 28, 29, 

30, 33, 43, 48, 59, 

64-5, !i0. 

clerk of, 3, 12, 19, 20, 

33, 43, 59, 110, 210, 

236, 237. 

shops on north side of, 

16, 19,23. 
rents of, 171. 
to regulate, 210-11. 
to furnish weights for, 
210. 
repairs, 54, 69, 61, 153, 154, 161, 

170-1,190, 196,291. 
cellar under, to dig, 61. 
lottery, 87, 136, 139, 153, 154, 

222, 225, 291. 
portraits to be placed in, 157, 
179, 212, 218. 
artist of portrait of 

Col. Barre, 212. 
artist of portrait of 
Hon. U. S. Conway, 
218. 
to illuminate, 205. 
Farmer, letters from a, 241 , 243-4. {See also 

Letters.) 
Fast Day, appointed, 264. 
Ferries : — 

Charlestown, 8. 
Old Salutation, 195. 
Fifth of November t^Ouy F(nokes') disturb- 
ances on, to guard against, 224. 
Fines, penalties, c/c, 4, 17,25, 30-1, 36,38, 
57, 1, 62,71, 76,86,106, 118,124, 138,147, 
149, 161, 165, 182, 198,218, 234, 240, 259, 
2G7, 287,288,290. 
Fire, water engines, 45, 58, 167, 219, 221, 224. 
repairs, 45. 
houses, 45, 58. 
men, 45, 167, 176. 

excused from other 

offices, 45, 167\ 
allowance, 107. 
bon-fircs, to prevent, 
176, 205, 307. 
works prohibited, 176. 
great (of Mar. 20, 1760), 40, 43, 104. 
relief for sufferers from, 41, 44, 
104,210. 
to prevent spread of, 40-1, 44-5, 60, 97, 

215. 
cleansing streets after, 41. 
concerning ladders fur, 54-5. 
meetings, 55. 
Firewards, 45, 98, 176, 234. 

choioo of, 2, 17, 35, 48, 68-9, 83, 
107, 134-5, 1.38, 163-4, 172, 198-9, 
200, 233, 248, 26(5-7. 
First Church, 65. (^f'? «/so Meeting Houses.) 
Fish house. (See Market.) 

street, paving of, 111, 115. 
Fisheries, 15. 
Flax, 226, 228, 230-1. 

Fortifications, 42, 144, 151, 208, 216, 309, 310, 
■:,:>, 316, 317,318, 324. 



Index to Subjects. 



337 



Fortifications, hlsihwav withiu, to repair, G8, 
7'.>, 1»'J, 219. 
gates of, to rebuild, 70. 

laiul near, to lease, 

I'.M), L'OS. 
"line of defence," 100. 
garrisoned uiinecesfarilv, to 

alxilisli. 1.S3. 
pavement near, to repair, '20'.'. 
Fourleenth Regiment, to «tation in HoMlun, 

■296. 
France, war with, 15, ]'21, 204. 
Frencli neutrals, support of, to consider, 

24. 
Funerals, regulations concerning, 224. 

gloves and other apparel worn at, 
224. 
Furniture, household, 221, 223. {Sef. also 

Imports.) 
Furs, 221, 223. {See also Importu.) 



Gallop's Point, 279, 281. 

Garrison, service on Eastern frontier, 121. 

Glass, raanufactiire of, 222, 228. 

duties upon. 229, 324. 
Gloves, 221, 223, 224. (.SVc iilso Imports.) 
Glue, 221, 224. (See alio Imports.) 

samples of, 224. 
Goal {Gaol or Jail) , 201. 

imprisoned in, 302-3. 
Golden Ball, the, 137, 144. {See. uUo Tav- 
erns.) 
Governor, the, 20, 31, 44, 78, 110, 114, 120, 
14S, ICO, 187, 188, 102, 193, 
2.')0, 2.')3, 2-').'), 200, 203, I'SO, 
2<0, 29t;, 299, 300, 303-25. 
residence of, 2.')5. 
address to, 31-2, 38, 5.5-0, 
1.59, 100, 254, 272. 
reply, 3S-9, 25tJ-7, 
26'l . 
application to, to convene 

tl;e Assembly, 222-:'.. 
letters from, ei all., '297, 000, 
303-25. 
Gnain, fi, OS, 147, 107-S, 214, 24S, '253, '271, 
•282. {Seealso Breadstuffs.) 

purchases of, 4, 19. .".S, 5'2, 71,84, 91, 

110, 135, 168, -204. •2.J6, '270. ■2'.M. 
price of, sale of, etc., 4, 19, 38, 52, 71, 
84, 110, 135-0, lOS, -201, '230, -270. 
Oranary on the Common, tr> repair, 22. 

keeper of, 4, 6, 19, 
38, 52, 72, 84, 85-0, 
HO, 112, 1G8, 204, 
205, 230, 237, 270, 
271. 
•icconntsof, 0, 19,.37, 
52, 72, 85-0, 112, 
135, lt;7-S,'205,'237, 
271. 
Great Britain, 15,44, 120, 121,122, 154, 155, 
173, 170, 178, 182, 183, 184, 
180, 191, -228, 243, -2.56, '286, 
•287, 289, 309, 324. 
Parliament of, 41, T20, 1.55, 
156,157,175,177-8, 
191,195, 2'27. '258-9, 
287, 299, 303, 314, 
315, .324, 
House of Commons, 

280. 
raembersof, 1.53, 157, 
175, 177, -274, 298, 
299, 300. 
Acts of, 155, 194,195, 
■2'28-9, 254,-250,257, 
259, -261, 202, 20:!, 
261, 280, -287, ^283. 
Session of, 178. 
Agent from the Province to, 
33, 36,37, 41, 44, 121, 1'22, 
190, 212, 235, •299,303. 



Great Britain, letter to, 43-4, 190, 191-4, 212, 
257, 272. 
from House of Repre- 
sentatives to, '299. 
Great Seal of, 250. 
money collected in, for suf- 
ferers from great fire of 
1760, 44, 104. 
Representatives from, 183. 
letters to the .Ministry of, 297, 

.303. 

importations from, 264, 289, 

•2y7-K. (.»P u/^o Imports.) 

Guard outside Court nouse,to remove, 285-6. 

Gun-house. {See Powder house. Armories, 

etc.) 

Halifax, 258, 259. 

rcL'iments from, 307, 319, 325. 
Hancock's Hospital, 139. 

wharf, 250, 303. {See alio 
Wharves.) 
Harbor, the, 97, 149. 

Man-of-War in, 258-9. 

to order, to 
leave, 255, 
250-7. 
{J^ee alxo Ships, Vessels, etc. 
Harness, etc., '221, '223. {See alio Imports.) 
Hals, etc., 221, 223. {See also Imports.) 
Hay,2>3. 

engrossing of, 28. 
purchase of, '241,2.50. 
Havward. {See Cow-keeper.) 
Heinp, ^227, 228. -r-O-l. 

hurvevors of, 3, 18, 35, 50, 70, 82, 108, 
l:!2," 160, '203, '2:4, '208. 
Hog alley, uuis.inec in, to abate, 97, 99. 
tviriipikes for, to provide, 99. 
lloffreeves. (.Si c Swine, regulating of.) 
llollis Street Church, 71, 84. {See alxo 

Meeting houses ) 
Hollow ware, 221 , 2.'4. {See iiUo Imports.) 
Hospital, iunoculating, propo.sal to erect, 
51-2, 123. 
for insane, to erect, 1'26, 139, 179, 
1S4,'207. 
to hi' called Il.ancock's 
Hospital, 139. 

Idio's. (.'>c^ Ins;ine, cti-.) 
Illuminations, 175-0, 205. 
ImnK^rality. (.s'dTriU'mperar.ce.) 
Imports, 109, 19::, 221-2, 22:i-t, 22'%. 

to curtail, list of, 221-2. 22;!-4. 
noii-iuiportalion of British goods, 

201, 2S9, '297-8. 
ships' e.-irgoes, 287. 
Impressment of sailors, 256, 259. 
Indian meal. {See Bread.stutts.) 

fraud in weight of, '240-1. 
Indians, 121. 
Inhabitants, '262. 284. 

French neutrals, support of, 42. 
aud freeholders of Boston, ad- 
dress to, •221-2, 249-50. 
to arm themselves, 264. 
petition oi", concerning troops 
quartered upon them, 290. 
Itmholders, not to sell liquors, (A-., to negroes 
or mulatto servants, •2i'. 
number of houses licensed, to re- 
duce, '20, 39. 
Iuno(nilallon. (ncc Small Pox.; 
Insane, 120, i;>9. 

bequest of /A>«. Thomas Hancock to 
erect hospital for the insane, 1'26, 
l:», 179, 184, '207. 
and idiots, 140. {See also Hospi- 
tals.) 
Insurrection (vo called) of Mar. 18, 1709, 

;iOI-10, 314-15, :«2. 
Intemperance, immorality, profanity, etc., 
273, 274, 275. 



338 



City Document No. 



Intemperance, tending to increase, 296. 
Ireland, 22(3. 

regiments from, 323. (.See also 
Troops.) 
Iron, 228. 
Islands: — 

Deer. 

Jamaica. 

Noddles. 

West India. 



Jackson's mills, 40. (See also Mills.) 
Jamaica, 195. (.b'ee alao Ships, Vessels, etc.) 
Jewelry, 221, 223. (iSVe also Imports.) 
JoUffs lane, to widen, 137. 
Journal of the Watch, to be kept by the 

head watchman, 62. 
Jury, petit, 2U9. 

men, 149, 155, 209. 

list of, 150, 242. 

committee on, 71, 85, 289. 
trial by, 287. 
Justices, 5, 76, 148, 149, 160, 323. 



Kilby street, 206. 
King street, 41. 

wharf at lower end of, I 



Lace, 221, 223. {See also Imports.) 
Lamb, time to fix for sale of, 172, 240. 

Charlestown's agreement concerning 
sale of, 289-90. 
Land or buildin<?s, town's, 12, 13, 30, 42, 58, 
00, 6J, SS, SJ, 92, 93, 99, 100, 101, 115, 
137 144, 145, 170, 189, 190, 196, •J20, 
222, 273. 
near Fort hill, to sell, 10. 
to authorize sale of, by town, 10, 20. 
leases of, 12, 13, 15-16, 145, 148, 150-1, 

273. 
on the neck, 12, 13, 85-7, 93, 115, 119, 
123, 125-6, 127, 130-7, 
144, 145. 147-8, 150-1, 
189, 208-9, 215, 216, 
2,8,241. 
lease of, 127, 128, 136-7, 
189, 190, 208, 209. 
north of Almshouse, 170. 
near South Market, 170. 
piircli.ase of, by town, 14. 
and shops on north side of Faneuil 

Hall iiwrket, 10, 19, 23. 
at South l?attcry, 42. 
repairs for town's estates, 91. 
grant of land at Braiutree, 147. 
near Fortiflcaliun Gates on Neck, to 

lease, 196, 20S. 
trespass ou, 273, 274. 
salt marsh toward Charlestown, 279-81. 
to revert to town, 281, 282. 
Lands or buildings — 

Owners: — 

Allen, -Jeremiah, h., 27, 39. 
Bendal, Edward, 1., 279. 

Bradford, , h., 214. 

Bromtield, , s.. 48. 

Burch, , h., 305. 

Burden, George, 1., 280. 
Button, Johu,^l., 280. 
Gallop, John, 1., 279. 

Gibbs, , s., 48. 

Hallowell, Beuj., 1., 41, 128, 

h., 128-9. 
Hancock, Thomas, 1., 119. 
mil, John, 1., 280. 
Hodson, Thomas, 1., 14, 119, 

149. 
Ilolliday, Edward, 1., and 
h., 8. 

Hudson, . (See Hodson.) 

Him', Alexander, 1., 10. 



Lands or buildings — 
Owners: — 

Hutchinson, lion. Eliakim, 

b.,30. 
Inches, Henderson, w. h., 
30. 

Jackson, , ni., 40. 

Jeffries, David, 1., 209, 215. 

Kent, , h., 214. 

Kneeland, Solomon, 1., 20, 
87, 94, 98. 

Low, , h., 279, 280, 281. 

Muliineus, William, I., 119. 

Taxtou, , h., 304, 307. 

Peck, , 1., 128-9. 

Salter, , h., 200. 

Simons, Henry, etali.,\.,2'%, 

280. 
Tyler, Joseph, sh., 58. 

W.aterhouso, , s., 48. 

Wheatley, John, 1., 41. 

Williams, , h., 307. 

Laws, 261, 263, 264, 287, 296. 

breach of, to prosecute, 31, 60, 149, 152, 
IGI, 205, 225. 
tending to, 296. 
to enforce, 271. 

doctor of, 299. {See also Orders, 
town.) 
Leases. {See Lands.) 

Leather, sealers of, 3, 19,35, 50, 70, 82, 96, 109, 
132, 166, 170,203-4,235, 
269. 
hammers for use of, 139. 
tanners, 70. 

dresser, 20. {See also 
Trades.) 
solo, 221, 223. ( See also Imports.) 
Letters, 230, 251, 201, 272, 286. 
fi'om selectmen, 252. 
to agents to Great Britain, 41, 43, 257. 
from Mr. Zachariah Hicks, 50. 
selertmeu of ClKlsca, 123. 
Doctors I'erkins and Loyd, 123. 
selectmen to selectmen of other 
towns within the IVoviace, 
263-4,321. 
to Hon. Thos. Cushing from mer- 
chants of New York, 264. 
from selectmen of Charlestown, 289- 

90. 
to Sheriff a/i^/ Deputy, 101. 
town clerk from lown of Plymouth, 

108-9. 
of thanks to town of Plymouth, to 
draw up, 170. 
reply to, 172-3. 
from England, 175. 

Col. Barree to Hon. James Otis, 

177-8, 298-9. 
Gcii. Conw.ay to lion. James 
Otis, 178-9. 
draft of, to persons in London, 190. 
to Dennis Deberdt, Esq., 190, 191-4, 

212, 272. 
Hon. James Otis, from merchants in 

New York, 195. 
to Col. Barre, 212, 250. 
from .Secy. Conway to Hon. Thomas 

Cushing, 217-1-*. 
from Committee to Hon. H. S. Con- 
way, 218. 
author of series of, signed " a farmer," 
to thank, 2(1.242, 243-4. 
letter from committee to, 243-4. 
from John Lane of London, 256. 

Gov. Bernard et all. to Ministry 
of Great Britain, 297-300,303-25. 
Leveret street, 206. 

Leveret's wharf, 100. {See also Wharves.) 
Liberty Tree, 313. 

notice posted on, 312. 
hanging of effigies upon, 305-6. 
{See also Effigies.) 



Index, to Sliwkcis. 



330 



Licenses, for siile of wiues, liquors, flc, pub- 
lic houses, vicluullcrs, etc., UO. 
houses licenseil, to reduce number 
of, 'JO, 39. (.SVe al.KO lunholders.) 
Line of defeneo. {See Forlilications.) 
Linen Miinufacture, Societj' of, <J1, 21Q. 

books ««(< accounts of, 
iin. (See a/.iit Corpo- 
rations, Societies), etc. 
to manufacture, 222, 225, 220-7, 228, 

2^0-1. 
to supply, 231. 
Liquors, ni:ilt, 221, 224. (See itho Imports.) 
e.-vcessivo use of, to discourage, 228. 
excise on, 2V2. 
Loaf sugar, 221, 22.i. (See also Imports.) 
London, 37, 41, 17S, 190, 21S, 221, 231, 272, 
29S, 303. 
Aldermen of the city, 290. 
Long lane, paving of, 73, 137, 2S9. 

wharf, 89, 90, yS, 101. {See also 
Wharves.) 
Lotteries, 59, 08, 171, 225, 291, 292. 
Boston, 2S. 
accounts of, to examine, 5, 11, 34, 44, 

136, 139, 153, 154,222. 
reports thereon, 9, 13, 44. 
.application to the general court, 54. 
"Faneuil Hall," 87, 111, 112, 13<), 
139, 153-4, 222, 225, 291. 
Louisbourg, 15. 

Mau'na Cliarta, 288. 
Maiden, 2S2. 

Manufactory Company, 215, 293. {See also 
Corporations, etc.) 
nou.^e, 231,250, 322-3. 
Manufactures, 121, 221, 223, 225, 220, 229, 230, 
231,275. 
to encourage, 222, 223, 228, 239, 
249-50. {See also Trade, 
interests of.) 
Maps 071(1 plans, 209. 

plan of the " line of defence," 100. 
cove, lUO. 

line of Milk street, 129. 
Marblehcad, 181. 

Market, 26, 47, 54, 77, 86, 90, 170, 179. 
places, 55. 

clerks of the, 2, 3, 12, 17-1>!, 20, .33, 

49,59, 09. 82, 90, 107, 110, 130-1, 

105, 172, 180, 199, 210, 234,230, 237, 

242, 207, 277. 

Faneuil Hall, 3, 12, 16, 20, 27, 28,29, 

30, 4 1, 48, 59, 04, 90, 

110,230, 237. 

shop-i on north side of, 

16, 23. 
to regulate, 210-11. 
fl.sh, .58, 65. 

forestalling the, .30-1, 67, 70, 80, 90, 
301-2. 
copy of bills relating to, 
31)2. 
South, 170. 
Market square, 302. 
Masons, 59. {See alio Trades.) 
Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 1,9, 10, 10, 
22, 29, 31,. 32, 31, 37,39, 42, 
46, 55, oS, 05, 71, 79, S4, 90, 
97, 104, 111, 112, 120, 121, 
122, 129, 138, l.;9,143, 149, 
153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 159, 
160, 161, 162, 109, 173, 175, 
177, 179, 182, 183, 1S4, 187, 
188, 193, 194, 195, 197, 200, 
200, 216,217, 219, 220, 221, 
222, 223, 224, 225, 220, 227, 
228,229, 230,232, 237, 24J, 
252, 254, 259, 200, 2i)2, 203, 
204,271,271, 2S5, 2S0, 291, 
295, 290,297, 299, 309, 301, 
.302, ,303, 308, 314, 315, 317, 
321, 322, 325. 



Mussiichu setts Bay, Agent to gri'at Britain 

from, 33, 30, .37, 41, 44, 

190, 122, 255, 299, .303. 

letter to,43-4, 190,191-4. 

Meeting houses : — 

Braltle Street Church {.Ur. Cooper's), 46, 

01, 62. 
Old .South {Uev. Dr. Sewall's) , 48, 49, 253. 

250. 
Old North, 02,71. 

First (Jhurch {lU'v. Dr. Chauncy's), 65. 
Old Brick, 71, 196. 
llollis Street Church {liev. Mr. Byles'), 

71, 84. 
Christ Church, ISO. 
Memoriaks. {See Letters.) 
Merchantmen. {See Ships, Vessels, etc.) 
Mercb.iiits, 41, 44, 122, 109, 194, 195, 228, 204, 
289,297-8. {See (r/.sY> Trade.) 
names of, non-concurring, 298. 
.Military, 217. 

Milk street, 12S-9, 214, 24 J. 250. 
-Mill bridge, 147, 241, 282, 294, 295. {See aluo 
Bridge.) 
creek {or stream), new mills on, to 

erect, 248,279, 281. 
Pond mills, 147. {See alto Mills.) 
Mills, .T,ick.M)u's, 40. 

grist, 253, 279-82, 294, 295. 

to re<;ulate, 135, 147, 241, 242. 
Mill Bond, 147. 

grant of land to owners of, 147, 279. 
to erect, 218, 279, 280-2. 
reversion of land at, to town, 294. 
North, 282. 

millers subject to fine, 147. 
Mobs. {See Riots.) 
Molasses, seizure of vessel laden with, 316, 

317. 
Moon coi:rt, paving of, 115. 
Mourning, regulations regarding, 169. 

apparel, 221. 
Mustard, 221, 223. {See alio Imports.) 

iVails, sheathing ami deck, 221, 223. {See 

also Imports.) 
Neck, the, 12, 13, 20, 93, 115, 119, 123, 125-6, 
127, 13f.-7, 150-1, 196, 215, 216, 
23S, 241. 
laud and house on, 12, 13. 

lease of, 127, 128, 130-7, 148, 
150-1, 189, 190,208-9. 
paving of, 20. 

making of brick at, 80-7, 93. 
damage at, from storm, 115, 119, 

145. 
dams on each side of, 144, 145, 

147-8. 
trespass at, to prosecute, 209. 
Negroes awl Mulaltoes, s.ile of liquor to, 

without written order, forbidden, 2i). 
Neponsct river, bridge over, 40, 40. {See 

also Brid^'e.) 
New Kii-land, 32, 43, 173, 177, 253, 26). 
New llamp-liire, 1, 10, 10, ;!l, 40, 05, 79, 104, 
129, 102, 197, 232, 252, 200, 205, 294, 302. 
New London, 181. 
New York, 258, 2.59, 324, 325. 

niercli.ints of, 195, 264. 

agreenn-nl of, as to 
non-importation of 
BritLsh g.)0.1s, 261. 
Newspapers, 58, 106, 112, 157, 174, 230,264, 
272, 2S9 296, 298. 
letter to publish in, 243-4, 272. 
Noddle's island, 123. {See also Islands.) 
North End, 279, 294. 

writing school at, 284. 
North Mills. (.SV^^ Mills.) 
Notes of common tenor, payable on demand, 

190. 
Oil, linseed, 221, 221. {See aim Imports.) 
Old Brick Cliiircb, 71. 296. {See uUo Meet 
ing houses.) 



340 



City Document No. 88. 



Old North meeting-house, watch house by, 
62. {See also Meetinghouses.) 
Salutation ferrv, I'Jo. (See also Ferries.) 
South, 48, 49, 253, 256. (See also Meet- 
ing houses.) 
Orange street, 20. 

lands on both sides, 216. 
Orders, town, 1, 9, 10, 12, 16, 22, 29, 30, 31, 
40,40, 71, 77,90,98, 122. 
to frame, 64-5, GO, 76, 8(5. 
to collect for printing, 9, 12. 
to revise, 273. 
Orders, town, concerning dirt in the streets, 
12. 
liquor, sale of, to 
negroes and mu- 
lalloes, 20. 
provisions, purchase of, 30-1. 
sweeping of chiinuies, 60-1, 

106, 123-4. 
firing of cliimnies, 123. 
regulating of swine, 71, 76-7. 
relating to wood, etc., 77. 
infectious diseases, 112. 
concerning grist mill, to 

atuend, 135, 147. 
additional Uules and, 29-30. 
Ordnance, 217, 220, 248, 285. 



Paint, duties on, 324. 

Paper, manulacture of, 222, 225, 228. 

duties upon, 229, 324. 
Papers. (.!>>« Records.) 
Parchment, Uolls of, to provide, 140. 
Parliament of Great Britain. {See Great Brit- 
ain, Parliament.) 
Perambulations or Surveys, 209. 

line of Bread street, to alter, 128. 
Milk street, to ru:i, 128-9. 
lands on the neck, 2ii8, 216. 
Pipe, manulacture of, jjroposed, 226. 
Plans. {Si'e Maps and Plans.) 
Plate, wrought, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 
Plymouth, 168, 169, 170, 172-3, 174. 
Point Shirley, 15. 
Polls a/irf Estates. (5ffl Taxes.) 
Poor, 8, 22, 26, 29, 84, 91, 106, 110, 136, 175, 
205, 214, 230, 2 .;6. 
support of, T, 42, 71, 110, 270. 
appropriation for, 7. 24, 42, 58, 93, 118, 

145, 1S5, 214, 247, 203. 

to be employed in manufacturing linen, 

222, 225, 22u-7, 230-1. 239-40, 24:i-50. 

employment for, to provide,273-4,27u-7. 

Overseers of the, 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 11, 16-17, 

22, 25, 26, 29, 32, 33, 

33, 42, 47, 52, 57, 

GO, 65-6, 68, 71, 72, 

74, 78, 79-80, 84, 85, 

87,90,91,93,95,98, 

105, 106, 110, 111, 

114, 116, 118, 1.30, 

133-4, 136, 138, 141, 

144, 163, 167, 170, 

172, 181, 182, 197, 

198, 200, 205, 207, 

208, 212, 214, 21S, 

232-3, 236, 240, 245, 

248, 253, 266, 270, 

271, 275, 276, 277, 

282, 283, 284, 290, 

291, 323. 

interest duo, for 

money advanced, 

7,22,38, 52, 71, 84, 

110, 111, 136, 282. 

Portraits : — 

Col. Isaac Barre, 157, 206, 207. 212, 218. 
//on. Gen. Conway, 157, 179, 218. 
Powder. {See Arras and Ammunition.) 

house, 176, 217, 243, 273. {See also 
Commou.) 
Prince street, 8. 



Printing, 264, 300. 

town orders to collect for, 9, 12. 
thanks for donations, put in, 40. 
advertisements in the newspapers, 
58, 106, 112, 157, 174, 230, 264, 289, 
296. 
adjournment of town meeting, to 

print, 1-16. 
hand-bills, to print, 210. 
copies of list of imports, to curtail, 

to publish .and distribute, 224. 
copy of draft relative to Gov. Ber- 
nard ct all., to print, 2y9-301. 
Privateers. (6Vi3 Ships, f<c-.) 
Protestant religion. {See Religion, Protes- 
tant.) 
Protestants may have arms for their defence, 

264. 
Province, the. {See Massachusetts Bay, 
Province of.) 
Treasury, 5, 51, 67, 81, 107, 134, 

291. 
Treasurer. {See Treasurer, 

Province.) 
Tax. (5tt' Taxes.) 
charge, 91. 
lauds, 121. 
law as to surveyors of highways, 

138, 142. 
laws, 264. 
Provisions, 90. 

to regulate price of, 30. 

purchase, 6S, 111. 
sale ol, 210, 211. 
Pump, town, 41. 
Purchase street, paving of, 57, 58. 

Queen street, II, 12, 24. 

school in, 11, 12, 24, 26, 59, 75, 
78, 94, 96, 114, 115, 142, 
145-6, 181, 185, 212, 213, 246, 
247, 283, 285. 

Rates, 6, 8, 9, 21, 25, 29, 42, 58, 63, 64, 66, 71, 
73-4, 86, 91, 92, 93, 98, 99, 101-2, 
110, 121. 122, 127, 136, 137, 144, 151, 
155, 170, 200-2, 206, 207, 223, 240, 
241, 242, 243, 262, 271-2, 287, 290-3, 
295, 299, 301,302,303. 
collectors of, 2, 4-5. 6, 7, 8, 15, 21, 25, 
29, 33, .36, 38, 39, 48, 49, 
51, 57, 67, 68, 71, 72, 73, 
80,81,85,86,91,92,98-9, 
101-2,107-8, 111, 118,129, 
134, 1.38, 142-3, 150, 151, 
158, 164-5, 182, 198, 199, 
2U0-3, 2U5-6, 214, 215, 
216-17. 218, 219, 220, 236, 
238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 
243, 265, 267, 268, 271-2, 
290-1, 292, 293-95, 299, 
301, 303. 
allowance, 4-5, 7, 13, 15, 
21,36,51,67,71,81,107-8, 
111, 134, 164-5,206,268. 
premiums, 51,67, 68, 81,91, 
92, lOS, 134, 143, 150, 165, 
200-1,202, 203, 20.5-6, 214, 
216-17, 220, 236, 238, 268, 
291. 
abatement of, 8, 9, 13-14, 20-1, 22, 
23-4, 33-4, 38, 39, 41-2, 52, 57, 71-2, 
84, 86, 91, 92, 111, 118, 137, 138, 143, 
170, 182, 200, 206, 218, 237, 240, 
270-1, 290. 
Rawson's lane, paving of, 49. 
Reception, public, tendered Lord Adam 
Gorden, 153. 
reply to an address, 153-4. 
Records, town's, 6, 38, 52, 60, 68, 72, 86, 89, 
99, 100-1, 112, 118, 135, 138, 143, 147, 156, 
160, 167, 182, 205, 218, 237, 250, 271, 278, 
279, 281, 290, 320, 
Religion, protestant, 261. 



Index to Subjects. 



341 



Kents, records of land, ■^■., n, 2i, '27. 3S, 57, 
71, 80, 91, 118, 145, Ivl, 2US, 218, 
240. 
to abate, Vl-\3, 220, 237-S. 
RepreBcntalives, 10, 2.'-:i, 2i-., 2S, :53, 36, 37, 
40, 03, OS, 73, 78, ^6, 90, 
9."), luO, 102, 113, 114, 116, 
118, 119, 122, 141. 149, 
ir)0, 1.V2, Ij.'i, 153, 101 , 102, 
174, 180, ISl, 1S8, 190, 
195, 200, 212, 223, 224, 
225, 232, 245, 252, 254, 
203, 279, 284. 
choice of, 10, 22, 23, 40, .57, 
72, 73, 88, 113, 125, 141, 
1.57-S, 170-7, 211, 244-5, 
278. 
address to, 36-7, 55-8, 
120-2, 155, 157, 182-4, 
227-30, 257-9, 28.5-9. 
House of, 03-4, 120, 156, 
ISO, 183, 190, 
194, 2'«, 252, 
2.59, 2Sb, 2*), 
299, 300, 317, 
325. 
Agent from, to 
Great Briu-iin, 
299. 
Rerenne, 287. 

Acts, 258-9. 

to repo.nl, 324. (See also 
Taxes.) 
Rhode Island, 1, 10, 10, 31, 46, 65, 79, 104, 
1^9, 102, 197, 2,32, 252, 200, 265, 294, 
302. 
Riots, 323. 

to suppress, 109, 173, 175-6, 187-8, 190, 

192, 225, 30S, 309, 316. 
papers posted tending to incite, 225. 
to prevent, 'M'. 
Rolls, subscription, 225. 

Romney (Man of War), 255, 256-7, 258-9, 
308,314,31,6. (See also Ships, Vessels, 
etc.) 
Roxbury, 255, 31.5-16. 

great road loading to, 216. 
Russia, 227. 
Rye. (See Breadstuffs.) 

Salaries or allowauoo, 71, 73, 74,84, 91,111, 
133, 130, 168, 199, 210, 212, 
2.37,271. 
John Fenno, 6, 19, 37, 72, 86, 

112. 108. 
Beni.imin Fenno, 205, 237, 271. 
Samuel Grant, 9, 13. 
Thomas Hill, 9, 13. 
Joshua IIensh.aw, 9, 13, 44. 
Joseph Jackson, 9, 13, 44. 
Thomas Gushing, 9, 13, 44, 112, 

139. 
Samuel Hewes, 9, 13, 44, 112, 139. 
John Scollav, 9, 13, 44, 112, 1.39. 
Peleg Wiswall, 11, 24, 42, 43, 58, 
75,91, 115, 145, 
185, 200. 
assistant for, 15. 
John Lovell, 11, 24, 42, 5S, 75, 94, 

115, 145, 185, 212-13, 240, 283. 
Abia Uolbrook, 11-12, 24. 42, 59, 
75, 94, 116, 146, 185, 186, 213, 246, 
247. 
James Lovel, 43, 59, 75, 94, 116, 

126,143, 185,213,247,283. 
Zacluariah Hicks, 12, 24, 42. 
Samuel Holvoke, 12, 24, 43, 59, 

75,94, 115.145, 185,213. 
John Proctor, 12, 24, 43, 59. 75, 

94, 115, 145, 1S5. 213, 246, 283. 
Nalhl. Gardner, 12, 24. 
John Vinal, 12, 25, 43, 59, 75, 76, 
94, 116, 119. 



Salaries, or allowance — 

John Tileston, 12, 25, 43, 59, 75, 

94, 95, 110, 146, 185, 213, 247, 
283, 2S4. 

David Jeffries, 12, 25, 43, .59, 76, 

95, 110, 140, ISO, 214, 247,284. 
Isaac Dupee. 12, 20. 

Hu','h .McDaniel, 13. 

Edward llolliaav. 20-1. 

Abijah Adams, 43, 59. 

Eplirin. Laimdon, 25, 43, 69, 75, 

94,110, 140. 
Ben). Austin, 44, 112,139. 
Andrew Oliver, 44. 
in lieu of land taken from Solomon 

KiM'eland, 98. 
Samuel Sewall, 112, 139. 
Saml. r. Savage, 112, 139. 
Ezekiel Lewis, 112, 139. 
James Day, 112. 
Josiah Langdon, 185. 
James Carter, 185, 213, 247, 283. 
Duncan Clark, 212. 
Samuel Hunt, 213, 246, 283. 
Nalhani.l Healli, 222. 
James Clemmens, 237. 
Mary I'ratt, 238. 
William Cooper, 251. 
S.unuel Uolbrook, 283. 
Assistants at writing school on 
the Common, 2S4. 
Salutation Tavern, 214, 222. (See also 

Taverns.) 
Scarlet's wharf, 99. (See also Wharves.) 
Scaveusers, work and duties, 230. 

to enforce, 236, 271. 
choice of, 3, 18, 34, 50, 69-70, 
83-4, 110, 133, 167, 207, 236, 
270. 
names of, 236, 270. 
Schools, 10-11, 14, 24-5, 26, 73, 145, 182, 207, 
245, 271, 284. 
masters. 11, 13, 14-15, 24, 54, 56, 58, 
71, 73, 74. 81, 88, 92, 93. 94-5, 111, 
115-16, 145-6, 185, 200, 212-13, 271, 
274,284,291. 
visitation of the. 10-11. 25. 45-6, 77-8, 
9.>-0, 113-15, 141-2, 180-1, 
211-12,24-5-6,284-5. 
Bt.alistics, 11,26, 46, 78, 96, 
114. 14>, 181, 212, 246, 
2H3-4, 2S5. 
ushers, 11, 13, 14, 24, 25, 43, .56, 59, 
75.94,116.118-19, 125,126, 
140. 185. 207, 213, 242, 247, 
271,274,284. 
pavmentof, 7, 11,42, .54, 71, 
74, 94-5, 168, 185-6, 199, 
207, 212, 237, 216-7, 274. 
crrammar. South, 11, 12, 24, 26, 42, 
43, 46, 58, 59. 75, 78, 94, 
96,114,115,110,125,126, 
142,145-0,181,185,209, 
210, 212, 213, 240, 247, 
283, 285. 
North, 11, 13, 15, 24, 25, 
26,42, 43,40, 5S 
59, 75, 78, 94, 
96,114,116,142, 
145-6, ISl, 185, 
209-10.212,213, 
246.247,283. 
master for, 200, 
208, 209, 
210. 
late, 200. 
writing, to erect at South end, 271. 
North. 11, 12. 14, 24. 2._., 26, 
43,40, .50,.')9,75, 7S,9.), 96, 
111, 110,142,146, 181,185, 
212,213, 247, 283,285. 
South, 11, V2, 26, 46, 75, 
78. 90, 114, 118, 142, 181, 
212,271. 



342 



City Document No. 8». 



BcboolB, writing, In Queen street, 11, 12, 04, 
26, 43, 46, 69, 75, 78, 94, 
96, 114, 115, 142, 145-6, 
181, 185,212,213, 246,247, 
283, 285. 
on the Common, 24, 25, 42, 
43, 59, 94, 116, 146, 185, 
186, 207, 213, 247, 283, 284. 
at North End, 284. 
Latin, North, 282-3. 
spinning, 275. 

mistresses for, 275, 276. 
Sconce, the. (5ec Battery, South.) 
Scotland, 226. 

Selectmen, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 20, 25-6, 
27, 28, 31, 38, 39, 40, 41, 46, 48, 
50, 67, 61, 62, 04, 67, 68, 71, 72, 
73, 70, 77-8, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 
95, 96, 09, 102-3, 104-5, 106, 108, 
111, 112, 113, 114, 117, 118, 122, 
123, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 130, 
135, 137, 138, i:'.0, 141, 142, 144, 
146-7, 148, 150, 152, 154. 157, 158, 
164,165, 167,170, 175,176, 177, 
180-1, 182, 186, 189,190, 195, 196, 
200,205, 2U6, 210, 211,214,217, 
218, 219, 220, 222, 225, 232, 235, 
236, 2 J7, 238, 240, 244, 245, 246, 
248, 2')0, 251, 252, 253, 260, 263, 
265, 2 .8, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 
277,278, 280, 284, 285, '.^89, 290, 
293,297, 300, 302,307,313, 316, 
320,321. 
choice of, 1, 4, 16, 31, 46-7, 52-3, 
65, 79, 104-5, l;-.0, 149, 162, 164, 
197, 252, 266. 
reports of, 6, 52, 112, 272. 
petition to, 64. 

as committee on lists of jurors, 
71, 180,214, 250, 2S9. 
committee to receive subscrip- 
tions and enroll names of 
benefactors, 140. 
minute Ijooks, 251. 
Ships, Vessels, efc., 15, 100, 256, 259, 287, 289, 
3U8, 30'.i, 316. 
loss of, to the French, 15. 
armed, 258, 314. 
Yard, l'.;8-9. 
Man-of-War, 255, 256-7, 258-9, 308, 

311, 314, 316. 
privateers, 259. 
merchantmen, 259. 
cargoes, 287. ( See also Imports.) 
Shoes, 221, 223. (iVe also Imports.) 
Slavery, to abolish, 183, 200. 

slaves, not to import, 183, 200. 
Slaves. (^V« Slavery.) 

Small Pox, 53, 102-3,106,110,112,113,116-17, 
IIS, 122, 123, 138, 150. 
hospital, Inuoculating, 123. 

proposal to erect, 52, 
10.'-3. 
inuoculating for, by physicians, 

106. 

persons not inhabitants of town to 

be refused innoc- 

ulationfor, 109. 

to reconsider, 112. 

Snuff, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 

saiBples of, 224. 
South burying place, 24, 27. ( See also Burial 
places.) 
Carolina, appointment of governor of, 

31. 
end. Watch-house at the, 62. {See also 
Watch.) 
writing school, to erect at, 271. 
(See also Schools ) 
market, land near, 1 70. (See a/so Mar- 
ket, — Land, etc.) 
Spinning. (See Schools.) 
wheels, 275, 276. 
Stamp Act, 152, 155-6, 162, 169, 173, 175. 



Stamp Act, repeal of, 176, 180, 191, 205, 257. 
rejoicings over repeal of, 175-d, 
307. 
notice thereof, 175-6. 
illuminations, 175-6, 205. 
Starch, 221, 223. (See also Imports.) 

Poland, 224. 
State, Secretary of (Great Britain) 157, 178, 

300. 
Statutes. (See Laws.) 

Streets, paving of, 8, 23, 28, 49, 57, 58, 73, 111, 
115, 128, 170, 177, 206, 214, 242, 250, 
289. 
Incumbrance of, 55, 302. 
cleansing of, 12, 41. 
widening, 39, 48, 195, 214, 222. 
repairing, 189, 206, 219. 
widening and repairing, 20, 27, 128-9. 
tax on, 71. 
land taken into street, 209, 215. 

(See also the following : — ) 
Bacon, Battery Marclt, Bear lane, 
Benuet, Bread, Cambridge, Cross, 
Dock square. Fish, Hog alley, 
Kilby, King, Leveret, Long lane. 
Market square. Milk, Moon court, 
Orange, Prince, Purchas-e, Queen, 
Rawson's lane. Union, Water. 
Suffolk County, 4, 48, 61, 77, 89, 148, 149, 160, 
103, 187, 199, 200. 
sheriff of, 160-1, 187, 188, 193, 

243, 307, 312, 323. 
Deputy Collector of, 1S7, 188. 
Suits, 277, 302. 

vs. Edward Holliday, 8. 

, Kneeland, 20. 

tax collectors, 203, 219, 243, 293. 
to obtain possession of house and 

land near grist mills, 294-5. 
choice of persons to prosecute, in 

behalf of town, 128. 
John Child, praying for reimburse- 
ment on account of, 170, 174. 
Sureties, bonds to bo given as, 5, 8, 20, 21, 36, 
51, 67, 74, 81, 85, 108, 124, 134, 158, 165, 196, 
202, 203, 205, 206, 231, 238, 265, 268, 276, 
277, 293. 
Swine, regulating of, 71. 

choice of liogreeves, 3, 
19, 35, 51, 70, 76, 83, 
109, 133, 167, 204, 235, 
269. 
by-law concerning. (See 
Orders, town.l 
Swing bridge, 30, 58, 62. (See also Bridge.) 

Tanners. (See Leather.) 
Taverns : — 

Golden Ball, the, 137, 144. 
Salutation Tavern, 214. 
near the 'i'own House, 307. 
Taxes, 6, 7, 8, 9, 21, 25, 29, 38,42, 58, 63, 64, 
71, 73-4, 86, 91, 92, 93, 98, 99, 101-2, 
110, 111, 121,122, 127, 136, 137, 144, 
151, 155, 170, 200-2, 2u6, 207, 223,227, 
229-30, 240, 241, 242, 243, 254, 256-7, 
262, 271-2, 287, 290-3, 295, 299, 301, 
303, 304, 315. 
bill relating to collection of, 98. 

copies of, to distribute, 98. 
collectors of, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 15, 21, 25, 
29, 33, 36, 38, 39, 48, 
49,51, 57,06, 67, 68, 71, 
72, 73, 80, 81,85, 86,91, 
92, 98, 101, 102, 107, 
111, 112, 118, 129, 134, 
138, 142-3, 150, 151, 
158,164-5, 182, 198,199, 
200-3, 205-6, 214, 215, 
216-17, 218, 219, 220, 
236, 238, 239, 240, 241, 
242, 243, 265, 267, 268, 
271-2, 290-1, 292, 293, 
295, 299, 301, 303. 



Index to Subjects. 



343 



Taxee, collectors of, allowance, 4, 5, 7, 13, 
If), 'Jl, 36, 01, 07, 71, 
81, 107-8, 111, 131, 
164-5, -^06, 268. 
books, &, 8, 21, 67, 81, 
92, 107-8, 134, 108, 
164-f), 206. 
premiums, 51, 67, 6S, 
81,91,92,93, 108, 134, 
143, 150, 165, 200-1, 
202, 203, 205, 214, 
216-17, 220, 236, 238, 
268, 291. 
abatement of, 8, 9, 13-14, 20-1, 22, 
23-4, 33-4, 38, 39, 42, 52, 57, 71-2, 
84, 86, 91, 92, 111, 118, 137, 138, 
143, 170, 182, 200, 206, 218, 237, 
240, 270-1, 290. 
polls an(i estates, 7, 24, 29, 33-4, 42, .58, 
73, 74, 85, 93, 101, 118, 145, 185, 214, 
247, 262, 293. 
on street!*, 71. 
Province, 74, 217, 292. 
County, 291, 292. 
non-payment of, 302-3. 

to sue, 101-2. 
excise, 120, 252. 
on liquors, 252. 
revenue acts, 258-9, 324. 

for use of tlie Crown, 261-3. 
on paper, .'524. 
on glass, 324. 
on j>aiDt, 324. 
Thread, jrold and silver, 221. (See also Ira- 
ports. 1 
Tombs, 77. 
Town (lock. {See Dock, the.) 

bouse, 46, 49, 54, 56, 60, 01, 63, 65, 69, 
72, 307, o20. 
watch house by the, 02. (See 

also Watch.) 
papers po-sted on the, .315. 
taverns near the, 307. {See 
also Taverns.) 
clock. (6>e Clock, town.) 
meetings, 1, 5, 9, 13, 15, 16, 22, 25, 28, 
29,30, 31,37, 39, 46, 54, .56, 
58, CO, 61, 62, 63, 65, 09, 71, 
72,77, 79,81, 85,87, 88, 89, 
90, 93, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 
102, 103, 104, 107, 108, 111, 
113, 115, 123, 124, 125, 128, 
129, 135, 137, 140-1, 146, 
148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 
157, 15S, 1.59, 160, 101, 162, 
168, 174, 175, 170, 177, 180, 
180, 190, 194, 195, 197, 108, 
200, 205, 207, 209, 210, 211, 
217, 218,219,220 222, 225, 
220,230,232,238, 212, 244, 
245, 246, 248,251, 252, 253, 
254, 257, 2.5it, 260, 261, 264, 
265, 267,270,271,274, 277, 
279, 284, 289, 293, 2;)4, 295, 
297, 299, 301, .302, 303, 313, 
314,319,320, 325. 
■warning to attend, 9-10, 15, 
16,22,29,31,39-40, 46,50, 
61, 63, 65, 72, 79, 96, 104, 
113, 123, 124, 129. 140-1, 
148, 152, 157,158, 162, 175, 
176, 186, 194, 195, 197,210, 
211, 219, 220, 230, 232, 244, 
252, 259, 264, 265, 277, 295, 
301. 
inhabitants, petition for, 159. 
notiflcalion of adjournment, 
to issue, 2S9. 
print, 146. 
warning to depart the, 117. 
ofBcere, 1, 2, 3. 5-6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 
17-18, 33, 35, .36. 46-7, 49, 57, 59, 60, 
61, 65, 66-7, 09. 71-2. 74. 79, 80-1, S.', 
86,88,91,92,95,96, 104, 105, 106-7, 



Town oflicers — 

108-9, 118, 124, 131-2, 140, 140, 152-3, 
159, 162-3, 164, Vi, 174, 170, 177, 
182, 186,187, 190, 195, 196, 197, 19H-9, 
200,201,202, 2i)3, 215,216,217, 218, 
220,221,224, 2:;2-3, 2.J4-5, 239, 240, 
242, 243, 244, 247, 251, 253, 259, 264, 
265, 206-7, 26;', 271, 274, 277, 281, 
282, 284, 290, 291, 293,300, 302, 323. 
grant of money to, 109-10, 113. 
jjeneral illmniiiation of the, 175-6. 
armed troops quartered upon, 278, 280. 
Trade, 32, 122, 150, 109, 227, 2.')8, 259, 273, 
274, 275, 287, 289. 
interests, 97, 120, 121, 140, 153, 155, 
169, 183, 187, 190, 221-2, 223-4, 
227-30, 257-9, 324. 
regulation of, 194, 248-9. 
illicit, 287. 
Trades, 8, 20, 41 , 44, .59, 70. 

men, 61, 153, 154, 161, 17&-1, 190, 
196, 224-5, 275. 
Treasurer, County, 199, 200, 201, 202, 210, 220. 
choice of, 2, 66, 163, 267. 
votes for, 4, 19, l'.<8, 239, 
267. 
Province, 91, 92, 110, 1.38, 143, 
1.19-200, 201, 202, 216, 217, 220, 
243, 300. 
Troope, armed, 258, 259, 260, 296, .307-8, 313, 
314, 317-18, 319, 320, 322, 
323, 324, 325. 
quartered on town, 278, 286. 
barracks, to provide for, 286. 
{See aluo Halifa.\.) 

Union street, 23, 27. 

Valuation. {SeeTaxcs.) 
Votes, sealed, 4, 19, 37, 48. 

War, debt contracted during, 223, 228-9. 
Wards or precincts, 236, 270. 

collectors for, 92. 
Warrants, 8,9,10,13, 15,10,20,22,23,27,28, 
29, 31, .33, 39, 40, 41, 42, 48, 53, 56, 57, 59, 
01, 6 !, 65, 67, 68, 72, 73, 74, 76, 79, 80, 87, 
8S, 89, 90, 95,90, 97,98, 102, 104, lOO, 110, 
113, 116, 117, 118. 119, 123, 1J4, 120, 
127, 12X, 129, 130, 137, 138, 141, 142, 144, 
145, 148, 149, 150, 1.-.2, 157, 15S, 162, 170, 
174, 175, 176, 179, 180, 186, 187, 189, 194, 
195, 196, 197, 200, 200, 207, 208, 209, 210, 
211,214,215,217.219. 220, 222, 224, 225, 
230, 232, 238, 239, 240-1, 243, 244, -47, 248, 
252, 2.53, 2.V.>, 261, 205, 272, 273, 277, 278, 
279, 294, 295, 2u7, 301, 302. 
Watch, 02. 

men, 8, 10, 61,62. 

number of, to reduce, 91. 
a;l(iw;ince, 10, 61, 62. 91. 
journal to be kept by liead, 62. 
houses, 58, 62. 
Water street, land belonging to Solomon 
Kueeland'iu, 87,94,98. 
Blip of land on north side of, 

to anne.x to, 97. 
leading from, to pave, 177, 
2 6,212. 
Ways, streets, etc., surveyors of, 30, .50, 70, 84, 
111, 135, 
167, 204, 
235, 270. 
law as to 
choice of, 
138, 142. 
cleansing of. 12, 41. 
repairing, 68, 79. 
t;ross street, to pave, 23. 
Union street, passage to, 

to open, 27. 
Dock square, incum. 
brance to remove, 54, 
55. 



344 



City Document No. 



Ways, Streets, etc., within Fortification, 68, 
79. 

Prince street, to pave, 8. 

frontlug on Orange street, 
20. 

Ann street, to widen, 20, 
27, 30. 

Nock, paving of, 20. 

Water street, leading 
from, to pave, 177, 206, 
242. 

Water street, land on 
north side of, to annex 
to, 97. 

Fish street, paving of, 111, 

passageway (Hog alley), 
leading from main street 
to the Common, nui- 
sance in, to abate, 97, 
99. 

Moon court, to pave, 115. 

Cambridge street, part of, 
to pave, 115. 

on Beacon Hill, to pre- 
serve, 119. 

leading to Roxbury, 216. 

Bread street, line of, to 
alter, 128. 

Milk street, line of, to run, 
128-9. 

Bear lane, to pave, 170. 

from ililk street toBattery 
March.lo pave, 
214. 

to Water, to 
pave, 177,242, 
250. 

highway near mills, 280. 

Long lane, to pave, 73, 
137, 289. 

streets near Market 
square, incumbrance to 
prevent, 302. 



Weights and Measures, illegal, to suppress, 

210. 
Wells, digging of, 58. 
West Boston, 103. 

West India Islands, 41. (^See aho Islands.) 
Wharves, 80, 00, 00, 100, 101, 208, 258, 308, 
309, 31G. 
Long, 89, 90,98, 101. 
at Lower end of King street, 89. 
Scarlet's, 99. 
Leveret's, 100. 
Alford's, 100. 
town slip, 129. 
Battery, 151. 
Hancock's, 256, 309. 
Wheat. {See Breadstuft'a.) 

surveyors of, choice of, 88, 136, 168, 
204, 236, 270. 
Wood, 6, 243. 

purchase of, 241 , 250. 

for building purposes, 281. 

surveyors of, 
2-3, 18, 34, 
50, 108. 
cord, 24, 26. 
sealers of, 77. 
measurement of, 24, 26, 77. 

allowance, 77. 
surveyors of boards, etc., 50, 69, 82, 
132, 166, 174, 203, 234-5, 242, 268-9, 
289. 
cullers of staves, 3-4, 19, 35-6, 50, 70, 
83, 88, 95, 109, 132-3, 166-7, 204, 
208, 235, 269. 
Wool, purchase of, for spinning-schools, 275, 

276, 277. 
Workhouse, 6, 25, 38, 87, 227, 275, 323. {See 
alio Almshouse.) 
burial place adjoining, 24. (See 

also Burial Places.) 
paupers of, to spin yarn, etc.227. 
master of the, 291. 
Writs, 160-1. 



I q?8 



.<=//