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Full text of "Records of the revolutionary war: containing the military and financial correspondence of distinguished officers; names of the officers and privates of regiments, companies, and corps, with the dates of their commissions and enlistments: general orders of Washington, Lee, and Greene, at Germantown and Valley Forge;"

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A 






Pr, 



M 



RECORDS 

OF THB 

REVOLUTIONARY WAR: 

oqhtahiiiio 

THE MILITAET AM) FDIANCIAL CORRESPONDENCE 
ov 

DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS; 

NAMES OF THB OFFIOBHS AND PRIVATES OF REOIMENT8, COMPANIES, 
AND CORPS, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR COMMISSIONS 

AND enlistments; 

GENERAL ORDERS OF WASHINGTON, LEE, AND GREENE, 
at oeemantown and yallet fobge; 

WITH A UST OF 

DISnNGinSHED PRISONERS OP WAR ; THB TIME OF THEIR 
CAPTURE, EXCHANGE, ETC. 

TO -WHICH IB ADDXCr 

TBI HALF-PAT ACTS OF IHB ODNTtoKNTAL OONQIUEM ; THI RSVOLimONABT FEN- 

aOH IAW8 ; ARB A LIBT OF THB OFFICSIta OF TIUB OONTIMBMTAL ABMT 

WHO AOQUZSID THK KIOHT TO HALF-PAT, OOMMUTATIOM, 

AND LANDS. 

BY W. T. R. SAFFELL, 

eOUHBXLLOB, AMD AOIMT FOB BBTOLUTIOIIABT OLAms. 



-|0rli: 

PUDNEY & RUSSELL, PUBLISHERS, 

No. 7» J0HN-8TEEET. 

1858. 



Cheeked 

Kay 19^^ 



rNo. 



33/ 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, 

By PUDNEY a RUSSELL, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United Statea for tlie Sonthem 
District of New York. 




V 



<- LlGHARYi 

(rll-7 

. Urv-> 'i.dTildtn^ 

FoondatioMi 



B. C. VALKMTIMR, 

STBKBOrrrBR and BLICTROTTrBK, 

81, 8S. and 86 C«ntre-itr«et, 
Nbw York. 



PUDNEY k RUSSELL, Pkintkks, 

No. 79 J0H»-8TKK»-.T. 



PREFACE. 



As great numbers of the descendants of Revolutionary 
officers and soldiers are, at this time, eagerly in search ot 
information relative to the service of their ancestors, for 
purposes of profit and satisfaction as well as of history ; 
and, as many of them reside at places where nothing of 
the kind can be had without considerable difficulty and 
expense, I have thought it my proper duty to place my 
collections within the reach of all interested. 

In so doing, I am not without a strong reason to induce 
a belief that they will be of some considerable historical 
interest in indicating the different locations and movements 
of the army, and in showing the whereabouts of individual 
officers, regiments, detachments, and corps, as well as in 
giving the precise dates of important events ; and as the 
financial difficulties of the infant Republic in 1780 has 
been a subject of great interest, both in history and in 
legislation, new light is thrown upon it by the correspond- 
ence dated in that year. 

As the Congress of the United' States, the Court of 
Claims, and the Executive Departments are constantly 



4: PSEFAOS. 

engaged in the legislatioii upon, and in the investigation 
and adjustment of, claims against the United States for mil- 
itary service, I am convinced that much of the matter in- 
cluded in my collections, especially the correspondence of 
officers, and the list of their deaths, will serve as an im- 
portant guide to individuals in assorting their claims, and 
as a protection of the interests of the government in adjust- 
ing them. 

They will, also, be found useful in answering at once, 
and without trouble, the thousands of letters to members 
of Congress from their constituents, asking information re- 
lating to military service, pensions, and the Pension and 
Bounty Land Laws of the Ee volution. 

Li preparing this work, I have availed myself of the free 
use of " Irving's Life of Washington,'' " Lossing's Field 
Book of the Revolution," and " McSherry's History of Ma- 
ryland," which, I am free to acknowledge, are the best and 
most accurate works extant, on their respective subjects, 
and should be owned by every reader in the land. 

W. T. R. S. 

BALiiMoas, Md., 1857 



CONTENTS 



Letters, 

WkQM 

Gen. Bichard Montgomery to Col. Timothy Bedel 17-27 

do. Proclamation to the Canadians 26 

Col. Benj. Hinman to CoL Bedel 18 

Gen. PhUlp Schnyler to do 17 

Aid. John Macpherson to do 20 

Com'y Noah Phelps to do 23 

Col. James livingston to do 24 

Gen. David Wooster to do 28 

Col. James Holmes to do 28, 29 

Col. Robert Troup to do 31 

do. to Johnston & Howell 36 

Gen. Horatio Gates to do. 88 

Sec'y Richard Peters to Col. Edward Antill 29 

do. to Commissioners of Accomits 82 

Capt, Jotham Drury to Col. John Lamb 80 

Col. Jonathan Trumbull to do 74 

€ren. David Waterbury to Continental Commissioners 31 

Com. Gen. Elias Boudinot to Capt. Alex. Graydon 32 

Col. Matthias Ogden to Lt. L. J. Costigin 83 

Pres. John Jay to Col. William Palfrey, P. M. Gen 33 

P. M. Gen. John Pierce to do. 65, 69, 70, 72, 74, 76, 77, 

78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84. 
do. to P. M. Gen. Jona. Burrall. . .88, 48, 46, 47, 62, 85 

do. to Continental Congress, 41, 66, 68, 99, 100, 103, 104 

do. to P. M. Gen. Thomas Reed 42, 44, 46, 48, 81 

do. to Gen. William Heath 43 

do. to Col. Jeduthan Baldwin 44 

do. to Col. Donald Campbell 44 

do. to P. M. Gen. Joseph Clay 48, 62, 69 

do. toCol. Udny Hay, Q. M. Gen 49, 71 

do. to P. M. Gen. William Bedlow 61 

do. to Board of Treasury, 64, 68, 61, 62, 64, 84, 86, 112 

do. to Col. R. H. Harrison 62 

do. to U. S. Lottery 73 

do. to Mr. Hubbard, of Conn 76 

do. to Hon. Thomas McKean 99 

do. to Col. Israel Shreeve 109 

do. to Thomas Harwood, Esq 109 

do. to John Noufville, E-nq 110 

do. to And. Joseph Howell 110 

do. to Gen Allen Jones 112 

Gen. Count Cassimir Pulaski to Auditors 33 

Col. Joseph Carleton to Auditors 84 



6 CONTENTS. 

Aod. James Johnston to Board of Treasury 84 

P. M. Gen. Jonathan BurraU to do. 88, 49, 61, 62, 64, 68, 61, 62, 64 

do. to P. M. Gen. John Boreman 89 

do. to do. John Pierce 89, 45, 61 

do. to do. Joseph Clay 40,46,65 

do. to do. Benj. Stelle 60 

do. to do. Thomas Reed 63 

do. to do. Benj. Harrison 68, 61 

do. to Gov. Richard Caswell 66 

Capt. J. Baldesqui to Continental Congress 85 

P. M. Gen. Thomas Reed to P. M. Gen. John Pierce 60 

Joseph Bullock to do. 73 

Sharp Delaney to do. 73 

Col. John Sherman to do. 93 

Hon. Hugh Williamson to do. 96 

Gen. Henry Jackson to do. 97 

Gen. George Partridge to do. 97 

Gen. Jedediah Huntington to do. 98 

Gen. Otho H. Williams to do. 104 

Gen. Mordecai Gist to do. 105 

Aud. Gen. Chris. Richmond to do. 100 

Col. John E. Howard to do. 101 

Col. Samuel Carleton to do. 106 

Gen. Lachlin Mcintosh to do. 107 

Capt. Geoi-ge L. Turherville to do. 107 

P. M. Gen. William Palfrey to do. 70 

do. to Board of Treasury 66, 68, 72 

do. to P. M. Gen. Thomas Reed 67 

do. to Mr. Jared Saxton 68 

do. to Major Clark 107 

Commissary Paul Woolfolk to Commissary William Porter 87, 88, 89 

Q. M. Gen. H. Morris to do. 87 

Commissar)' J. Pryor to do. 89,91 

do Edward Moore to do. 90 

Aid-de-Camp James Fairlie to do. 91 

Gen. Anthony Wayne and others to 93 

Q. M. Gen. Udny Hay to Col. Ehcnezer Stevens 94 

Com'y Gen. Samuel Hodgdon to do. 95 

Maj. Bartholomew Von Heel* to Col. Josiah Harmar 95 

Aud. Gen. John Nicholson to Aud. Joseph Howell 97 

Capt. Joseph Morrill to do. 98 

Aud. Gen. Edward Dunscomb to do. 112 

Comp. Joseph Dawson to do. 136 

Maj. John Stagg to do. 137 

Aud. Robert Denny to do. 130 

(^ol. William Barton to do. 139 

C^ol. Thomas F. Jackson to do. 140 

Lieut. Thomas H. Condy to Mr. Simmons 141 

Aud. Joseph Howell to Hon. James Madison 137 

do. to Wm. Simmons i 135 

do. to R. J. Vandcn Broeck 135 

do. to Secretiiry of War 136, 137 

John Deming, of Mass. , to 110 

John Wright, Es^j., to Comptroller 117 

Capt. ^bert Walker to Col. Eleazer Oswald lOG 

Cor. A. llirockmorUm to Aud. Gen. A. Dunscomb. . .*. K^o 

Capt. John Buchanan to Congress lOi 



ooMTBirre. 



cw 



. Joseph Cilley's New Hampshire Begiment 148 

William Douglass's Comiecticut do 152 

Christopher Green's Rhode Islaad do 158 

Israel Angell's do. do 164 

Ebeneser Steyens' New York ArtUIery Begiment 156 

Lewis Duhois' do. In&ntry do 161 

Peter Chmsevoort's do. do. do 168 

John Lamh's do. Artillerj do 171 

Arthur St. Clair's Penmnrlyania In&ntry do 183 

Joseph Wood's do. do. do 188 

Anthony Wayne's do. do, do .* 196 

William Irvine's do. do. do 202, 216 

Charles Armond's Legion 219 

Lewis Nicola's Invalid Regiment 222 

Otho H. Williams' Maryland Regiment 234 

235 

285 

286 

286 

287 



John Gunby's do. do. 

Peter Adam's do. do. 

Thomas Woolford's do. do. 

Benjamin Ford's do. do. 

Lewis Weltner's German do. 

Charles Q. Griffith's Flying-Camp Regiment 237 

Josiah d Hall's do. do 238 

Thomas Ewing's do. do 238 

William Richardson's do. do 289 

Moses Rawlings' Rifle Regiment 240 

Charles Harrison's Staff and Artillery Regiment 241 

_ ... 266 

268 
270 
276 
280 
285 



Daniel Morgan's 11th and 15th Virginia do. 
do. Rifle do. 

Alexander Spottswood's Virginia do. 

William Heth's do. do. 

John Gibson's Western Frontier do. 

Nathaniel Gists' Virginia do. 

Henry Lee's Legion (officers) 288 

Francis Marion's South Carolina Regiment 290 



s kt0 //A'iM^*^ Captaim^ Companies. 



/fy 



0i4>t. David Arrell, 

** Morgan Alexander, 

" Robert Adams, 

** John Alexander, 

"■ William Alexander, 

" John BlackweU, 

^ ** Reuben Briscoe, 

" Benj. :Kggs, 

** Thomas Bell, 

" Alex. Breckinridge, 

'' Richard Baker, 

" William Brown, 

«' Nathaniel Burwell, 

" Thomas Bay top, 

*' Peter B. Bruin, 

'* Samuel Booker, 

«' William Bntler, 



Virginia 

Pennsylvania 
do. 
do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
South Carolina 
Maryland ■ _ 
Virginia '" 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Pennsylyania 



Infantry 277 

do 270 

do 205 

do 218 

do 218 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



278 
279 
284 
286 
287 
290 



Artillery 227 

do 242 

do 261 

Infantry 262 

Artillery 265 

Infimtry 189 

''1 



8 



CONTENTS. 



PAoa 

Gapt Stephen Bayard, PetmsylTania Infieuottry 190 

** JohnBrisban, do. do 191 

** Lewis Bush, do. do 206 

•* Jacob Bauer, — do. do 221 

V Stephen Buckland, New York Artillery 156 ' 

^* Jonathan Brown, do. do 174 / 

" Rudolph Bunner, Pennsylvania Infontry 186 

" Thomas Blackwell, Virginia do 262 

** William Bratton, PennsylTania do 216 

" John C. Carter, Vh-ginia Artillery 249 

" Whitehead Coleman,-^ do. do 252 

*' James Calderwood, do. Infemtry 256 

" Thomas Craig, Pennsylvania do 187 

" Thomas Church, do. do 196 

*• Buller Claiborne, Virginia do 270 

** " Richard Dorsey, Maryland Artillery 280 

•^" Richard Davis, do Riflemen 240 — 

" John Dandridge, Virginia Artillery 247 . 

" Nathaniel DonneU, New York do 157 •^ 

" Thomas Dunbar, South Carolina In&ntry 293 

" Philip De Bofs Bevier, New York do 164 ^ 

" Jost Driesbach^ Pennsylvania do 219 

•* Amos Emerson, New Hampshire Infimtry 148 

*^ Samuel Eddens, Virginia Artillery 250 

" Ebenezer Frye, New Hampshire InliEUitry 149 

" Persifer Frazer, Pennsylvania do 198 

^* Isaac Farwell, New Hampshire do. 150 

*' Jeremiah Gflman, do. do 144 

** Henry Goodwin, New York do 166 r 

'*'" Philip Griffith. Maryland Kflemen. 240 

** Charles Gallahue, Virginia Infantry 257 

•* James Gray, do. do 266 

*" John Gregory, do. Artillery.. i^ v. *♦. \ ..s. . 366 

** David Grier, Pennsylvania Infantry 211 

" Philip GraybeU, do. do 221 

" John Gist. Virginia do 285 

** Peter Grey, South Carolina do 291 

" -^Saiiuel Haww, Virginia do 275 

" Thomas Hall, South Carolina do 292 

*' John Henry, Virginia Artillery 262 

** John Huling Pennsylvania Infantry 193 

** Samuel Hayes, do. do 203 

*' Nathaniel Hutcbina, New Hampshire do 151 

" Amos Hutchins. New York Artillery 163 ^ 

" John F. Hamtramck, do. Infantry 167 

" Cornelius T. Jansen, do. do. 169 • 

** William Johnston, Virginia do 268 

** Strother Jones, do. do 286 

** John C. JoneS) Maryland do 227 

** John Johnson, New York do 167 



OONTSNTS. 9 

Capt Thomas Leo, New York Infantry :.. 166 > 

** John Lacey, Pennsylvania do 197 

" *• Gabriel Long, Maryland Riflemen 268 

** Samuel Lapeley, Yirginia Infantry 286 

" Philip R. F.Lee, do. do 279 

** John McDowell, Pennsylvania • do 217 

'' Richard Mason, South CaFolina do. 294 

" Daniel Mazyck, do. do 294 

'* Everard Meade, Virginia do 271 

*' Moees McLean, Pennsyjvani* dot 

** John F. Mercer, Yirgiida do 276 

" FrandsMuir, do. do 287 

" Charles Motte, South Carolina do 291 

** Thomas Moultrie, do. do 292 

" John Marshall, Virginia do 267 

" Amos Morrill, New Hampshire do 146 

*• Andrew Moodle, New York ArtiUery 172. 

** Gershom Motte, do. do 178 . 

« Sunuel Montgomery, Pennsylvania Infiemtry 216 

" George Nicholas, ' Virginia do 278 

** Noah Nichols, New York Artillery Artificers 160 - 

** John Nelson, Pennsylvania Riflemen 181 

" Count de Ottendorff,""" do. Infimtry , 219 

•* Anthony Post, New Yorit Art. Artificers 175- 

" Valentine Peyton, Virginia Artillery 277 

•* Robert PowBU, do. Infentry 278 

*• John Peyton, do. do 279 

" Charles Porterfield, do. do 269 

" James Pt'ndleton, do. Artillery 246 

" Alex. Parker, Pennsylvania Infantry 217 

*• William Kerce, Virginia ArtiUery 242 

« Adrian Proveaux, South Carolina Infantry 290 

*' William Rippey, Pennsylvania do 208 

'* Thomas Robinson, do. do 194 

" John Reese, do. do 192 

** George Rice, Viiginia Artillery -264 

" Drury Ragsdale, do. do 245 

'* Bernard Romans, Pennsylvania do 178 

" James Rosekrans, . '^ New York lufSemtry 161 

" Albert Roux, South Carolina do 291 

— *• Winthrop Sargeant, Massachusetts Artillery 177 

" George Sytez, New York Infantry 168 

** James Stewart, do. Artillery 168 

** William Scott, New Hampshire Infantry 146 

" Simon Sartwell, do. do 148 

" William Smith, Virginia do 261r 

** Anthony Singleton, do. Artillery 244 

' *• Alex. L. Smith, Maryland Riflemen 240 

** Anthony Selins, Pennsylvania Infantry , 22Q 

** Abraham Smith, do. do 207 

•* Joseph Smith, Virginia jio 286 



10 OOHTKHT8. 





Vbginia 


Infimtry 


" Willijun SMiford, ^ 


X- do. 


do. 


•* JohnPknlSchott,"^ 


PennsylTania 


do. 


*' FirnDdt Tajlor, 


do. 


do. 


" Thomas Tebbs, 


do. 


do. 


" Jmrnea Taylor. 


do. 


do. 


•' Jeremiah Talbott, 


do. 


do. 


" Thomas Wmis, 


Viigniijk 


do. 


•' James A. Wilsoo, 


PennsrlTania 


do. 


•• Bobert Wilson, 


do. 


do. 


" JasonWait, 


New Hampshire 


do. 


*' John Winslow, 


New York 


AitiUery 


«< JosiahWool, 


do. 


do. 


** Samuel Watson, 


Pennsylrania 


Ixduktrj 


^/^Z- 


/X^' 





283 
274 
220 

278 
272 
200 
214 

268 
210 
215 
147 
159 
175 
188 



American Pritomen. 



y 



Qais^nan of Gen. Charles Lee 807 

** LwdStirling 807 

" JohnSulUvan- 808 

** Benjamin Lincoln 808 

" William Moultrie 308 

•• James Irrine 308 

• Col. Ethan Allen 308 

" Nicholas Lats.,^.' 809 

" MichaelSwope 309 

]fa|<Mr George Tudor 309 

•* Thomas L. Byles. 810 

" JohnPoulson 811 

Adjfc. John Johnson 811 

Daniel Kennedy 811 

Engineer Ferdinand J. 8. De Brahm 811 

Baron Charles De Fiey 812 

Oapt. Henry Bedinger 898 

•* William Crawford 812 

•• John Bichardson 312 

" BatemanLloyd 312 

" BobertSample 818 

" Thomas Hclntire 818 

*• Bobcrt CaldweU 313 

•* James Moore 818 

" MatthewKnox 814 

*• Samuel Culbertson 814 

" John McDonald 815 

" Alex. Graydon 815 

" John Stotesbury 815 

** BobertPatton 816 

" James EUiott 816 

Lieut Matthew Bennett 816 

" Bobert Brown 816 

" Lewis J. CosUgin 316 

*• Joseph Martin 817 

" WUliamYoung .^ 317 

" John V. Hyatt 817 

" Zacharias Shugart. 818 



OONTENT8. 11 

9AQm 

Captaie of lient. Heaekiah Davis 818 

*• ** Andrew Robertson 818 

•» »* John Irwin 318 

'« •« Thomas Wvnn 818 

•• ** Jonathan Smith 819 

" *' Robert Darlington 819 

♦* ** Samuel McClelland 819 

" ** Warner Wynn 820 

' ' ** Surgeon David Love 320 

** Endgn John Thompson 820 

Prisoners at Three Rivers. 297 

»» Long Island 297 

" Putnam's Retreat 297 

•* Fort Washington 298 

** Exchanged by John Adams 820 

*• " Abraham Skinner 821 



Notes on the Service of 



Capt. Dohickey Anmdell 889 

Col. George Baylor ^. . .f^ 388 

** Mordecai Buckner . .Wi^:. . 384 

Capt. Thomas Blackwell 386 

Lieut. Edmund Brooke 386 

Capt. George M. Bedinger-rTTT. 387 

** Peter Bernard, rrrr 889 

Maj. John Brent 389 

Laeut. Francis T. Brooke 389 

Capt. John Blair 889 

Ensign William B. Bunting 890 

lieut. Daniel Bedinger «-. 390 

** Isaac Bowman 394 

Ensign James Broadus 895 

Capt. Henry Bedinger 898 

Col. William Crawford 884 

'* Richard Campbell 384 

Dr. William Carter 386 

Capt. BuUer Claiborne 387 

lieut. Seth Chapin 887 

" Essra Chapman 395 

Capt. Mayo Carrington 397 

Kev. John Cordell 390 

Capt. John DeTreville 888 

Maj. Matthew Donovan 390 

C^pt. James Davis 390 

Maj. Edmund Dickinson 890 

Ciipt. William Davenport 395 

*• John Davis 396 

lieut. John Emerson 387 



-Col. Uriah Forest : 383 

lieut Henry Field 890 



Dr. Corbin Griffin 387 

Lieut. Robert Green 387 

'* Thomas Gordon 890 

Surg. David Gould 891 

Capt. William E. Godfrey 394 

Lieut. Edmund Gamble 394 

Dr. Francis L. B. Goodwin 396 

Rev. David Griffith 397 

Col. Robert H. Harriaoji 883 

lieut. Joseph Hold 891 

Capt. William Harrison 397 

** Abraham Hite 897 

•* Samuel Jones 894 

Lieut. Samuel Jones 396 

Col. Thomas Knowlton 385 

Com'y Henry King 394 

Capt. Reuben Lipscomb 391 

** Thomas H. Luckett 391 

Maj. Daniel Leet 391 

Capt. Jonathan Longdon 391 

** James Mayson 384 

Gen. Hugh Meroer 884 

Capt. Ambrose Madison 391 

' ' Joseph Micheux .,. » * ^* . . . 392 > 

Deut. Richard Muse 392 ^ 

Capt. John Morton 392 

Lieut. John McKinley 393 

" Michael McDonald 893 

'* James Morton 397 

Capt. Everard Meade 386 



Lieut. Richard Nowell 



12 



OONTKNT8. 



9AQM 

Capt. William Nelaon 388 

«» David Noble 896 

Col. Richard Parker 384 

** Charles Porterfield 386 

Lieut. WUliam Price 386 

" Eli Parsons 388 

Capt. Richard Pendleton 392 

Surg. Shubael Pratt 892 

Col. Isaac Reed 886 

Capt. John Roberts 885 

Surg. William Rumney 892 

Capt. Samuel Ranson 896 

Col. WiUis Reddick 896 

Capt. Hebard Smallwood 892 

Ac(jt. Simon Smnmers 898 



Ensign Clement Sewell 896 

Col. John H. Stone 396 - 

Capt. Nehemiah Stokeley 396 

Ensign John Spitiiathom 397 

Capt. John Spottswood 888 

Col. John Thornton 883 

*' William 'Miaferro 386 

lieut. John Taylor 886 

Comet William Teas 387 

Surg. Charles Taylor 892 

Capt. Benj. Timberlake 398 

lieut. Thomas Wallace 887^ 

** Thomas Wishart 888 

** John Wilson 898 

" Charles Yarborough .... 898 



Promises and Contracts of the Continental Congress, 



Land Act of August 14, 1776 .^ 400 

September 16, 1776 !: 402 

Half-pay Act of May 16,1778 402 

November 24, 1778 408 

May 22, 1779 408 

August 24, 1780 408 

October 3, 1780 404 

»* 24, 1780 404 

November 28, 1780 ". . 404 

January 17, 1781 406 

May 8, 1781 406 

May 26, 1781 : 406 

December 31, 1781 406 

eommutatlon Act of March 22, 1783 406 

'•" " May 16, 1783 407 

January 26, 1784 408 

February 11, 1784 408 

Interest Act of June 8, 1784 409 

Commutation Act of March 8, 1786 409 

August 11, 1790 409 

Officers entitled to half-pay 410-439 

Remarks on the half-pay acts, &c 440 

Court of Claims on half-pay, &c 464 

Congress on the half-pay 446 

PetiUons in 1810 for half-pay 444 

Senator Crittenden on the half-pay 449 

Senator Seward 461 

Chief-Justice Gilchrist. 468 

Baird's heirs m. U. S 464 

Wirt's opinion 448-468 

Commentaries on the half-pay bill 449 

Cincinnati Society. 

Description of. .• 467 

Constitution of 471 



OONTKRTB. 13 

TAam 

Officers of. 476 

Members of tiie New York Society 477 

" Pennsylvania ** 482 

Maryland ** 486^ 

Virginia Half-pay^ Landj <6c, 

Bemarks on 488 

Act of Congress, September 13, 1788 489 

Virginia Bomity Lands 492 

Act of May, 1779 492 

** October, 1779 498 

1780 494 

" May,1782 495 

" October, 1782 496 

•* ** 1783 496 

" ** 1784 496 

Governor's Proclamation 496 

Officers who received land from Virginia ^ 498 

Act of May, 1779 (half-pay) ^ 607 

" November, 1781 608 

" July 6, 1882 608 

Payments per act July 6, 1832 610 

EevoltUionary PeMum Laws, 

Act March 18, 1818 611 

" May 16, 1828 614 

" June 7, 1882 617 

" July 4, 1886 \ - 621 

" July 7 , 1838 622 

" July 29, 1848 623 

" February 3, 1868 624 

Bevolutumary Officers. 

Extensive list of deaths, with notes 626 

Pensioned officers 637 

Conclusion 663 



Om.< 



/ 6' (/ 



oTjij^i 



GENERAL INDEa 






Artin«7, of N. T., 1». 
• Allen, OoL Ethtn, 80, 808, 530. i^// T 

Arnold, Benedict, at Qaebeo, 29, 88, 76. 

Antill, CoL, 80. 

Amhaaeador, French, 88. 

Aud<ybert Philip, P. M. O., H. 

Arrangement of Light Dragoons, 93. 

Alexander. Wm. 8., 110, \Vt. 

Acree ofland, to offloerB,.^Mw 
- Armand, CoU 680. ^$W 
" Armstrong, Gen. John, 630. ^ J / 
' Ashe, Oen., 681. 

Brig. Gen. Starke at Bennington, 882. 
Brown, Mid., 19, 20, 22. 
rllle, 2S. 









rz4^ 



Bouchervlll 

BoDdinot, EHa^ Com. Gen. Pri&, 32, 807, 08L 
Beatty, John, do. 807. 

BronkB, John, Com. of Issaea, 807. 
Bradford, Thoma^ Com. of Priai, 807. 
Bradford, William, Com. of Masters. 681. 
Baldesqni. J., Capt, 8*2. 88, 84, 8t), 37. 
B«»ze, Lieut Col., killed, 83. 
Bahlwin, Col.'Jednthan, 45. 
Burrall, Jonathan, 4vS, 54. 
Blount, Mr., D. P. M. Gen., 49. 
Brook, George, Treasurer of Va., 61. 
Boronian, Jolin, D. P. M. Gen., 64. 
Bigham. Lieut. 77. 
Bcvins Lieut, 77. 
BanI, John. Capt, 38. 
Brown, William, Capt, 86, 86. 
Buchanan. John, Capt, 102, 104. 
Burk, William, laS. 
Bowdoln, James. 800. 
lijiskinridge, N. J., 801. 
British Prison-ships, 806. 
Bland. Col., 581. 
-Brooks. Col. Eleazer, 681. ^- 
Bnxter's Flying-Camp, 817. % ff 
Bullitt, Dept Adjt Gen., orden oi; 826. 
B<>nnlngton, Battle of. 882. 
Battle of Sept 19, 1777, 842. 
Bunroyne's Surrender, 847. 

- Brodhead, CoL Daniel, 227. 
Boundaries of Mil. Districts, 498. 
Brandon. Alex., tried for horse-stealing, 829. 

- Blcldle, Clement, i^polnted Cool of Forage, 

881. 
•' Black BulV 805. 

Cftughnawaga Castle, 19. 
Chainbli. 2,% 26. 
Campbell, Col., 26, 45, 69. 
Crane, Col. John, 80, 184. 
Costigin, Lieut Lewis J., 88. 
Carleton, Joseph, Sec of War, 84 
Coleman, Lieut Wyatt, 64 






Clay, Joseph. D. P. M. Genu, 66L 

Chase, Col., 69. 
Clark, Gen. Geo. B., 682. 
Corse, John, Capt, 82. 
Condy, T. H., 97. 
•i Cadwallader, CoL Lambert, 298L 
CadwalUder, Gen. John, 682. 
Cornwallis, Lord, 802. 
Commissaries of Prisoners, 807. 
Chesterfield Arrangement, Ya. Line, 88S. 
Colors of Ofllcers. 8i5. 
Claims against Virginia, 89a 
Commutation, officers entitled to, 410-489. 
Constitution of Cincinnati Society, 471. 
Cincinnati Society, officers of, 476. 
Commissions of Va. officers, 2S8. 
Court of Clalm^ 464 
Continental money, Aa, stolen, 869. 
Courtlandt, Col., superintends the sick, 864 
Clinton, Oen. James, 682. 



Dngan, Capt Thomas, 23, 24, 84 
Drury, Capt Jotham, 80. 
De Ka\h, Baron, 64, 65, 101, 105, 52a 
Dobb's Ferry, 76. 
DIrkes, Col., 82. 
De Pontiere, Lewis, 88. 
D'EstaIng, Count, 295. 
Do Heister, Gen., 297. 
Depreciation, Maryland list 282. 
Dates of Va. Commissions, 2SS. 
Discharged men of Stevens' Artillery, 16L 
do. Oan^Toort's Aegt, 171. 

Elmore, M^or, 19, 24, 26. 
Easton, Col., 21, 28. 
Elliott Mrs., '295. 
Elixahethtown. prisoners at, 820. 
Events in the Livee of Officers, 525. 

Frazer, Gen., slain, 847. 
Fossett Capt, 24 
Freeman, Capt Lieut, 8a 
Fanning, Charles. Lieut, 47. 
Fiuhugh, Perrlgrine, Cornet, 89. 
Flowers, Philip, 186. 
Flnley. Cnpt Ebenezer, 189. 
Fort Washington, 241, 29a 
Foreign Officers, 475. 
Flying-Camp of M<i , 287. 
Ford, Lieut, appointed Adit to Lamb's Beff 
iment, 854. 

Gat€«, Gen. Horatio, 81. /*>. i 
Graham, Col.. 44. / 

Greene, Oon. Nathaniel, 82, 92. 4*V^ 
God by, George, Wag. Master, 81 
Gilleland, James, Capt 






Lee, Col. Hcnnr, 688. 

Legislature of Ya., cenlon of lands, 499. 

LatterloUu Ueniy £., appointed D. Q. M. O., 



^^/ 



15 



Qritm^^ Orden. 84a 
Oermantown, BatileoC 84Si 
German Regiment, Md., 1287. 
Green, Williani. Capt, 82& 
Ganaevoort, CoL Peter, S89. /^f 
Gibson, Col. John, 682. 



Gibson, OoL George, 688. 

Htnman. Col, 17, la*^ ^ ^ 

Holmee, CoL JaaIe^ 88, 89. 

Heath. Gen. William, 44, 60, 61, 089. 

Hull, M^.. 44. 

Henderson. Mr., Pajmaster, 48. 

Harrison, Benjamin, D. P. M. Oea, 49, 68. 

Hodgdon, Samael, Q. If. Oen., 61. 

Hand, Brig. Gen., 68. 

Hlllegaa. Mr. 07, 6a 

Hall, CoL David. 88L 

Harriflon, CoL Cbarle^ and Staff, $6, Ml. 

Hay, CoL Udny, A. Q. M. Gen., 96. 

Hnghea, John, Lieutenant, 97. 

Haxen, Gen. Moeea, 117. 

Hawea, CoL Bamuel, 187. Xnf 

Horry, Major, 896. / 

How, SirWlIliam, 808. 

Howe, Lord George, 808. 

Harcoutt CqI., 807. 

Howard, ^r John B., 68a *- » «^ 

Howercrall, Sergeant, tent ot 871. 

Hallett's Independent Co., 880. 

Hull. Capt, trieil for gaming, 86a 

Hobley, CoL. tried, 8^. 

Huntington, jOen. Jedediah, 68& 

- IrvineVGAi. William, 68a %9X- 

' Johnston, CoL Franoi^ 58a i.x# 
Jarkson, Col. James, 68a 
Jagur, Snergeant, 8a 
Jay, John, President, Sa 
Jdhnston, Jainea, Auditor, 84. 
Jamea, Col., 98. 
Jasper, William, Sergeant, 896. 

Knox, Gen, 687. #V/ 
Kelly. Timothy, 889^ 
King's Creek, 885. 
Kennebec Rxpe<iltlon, 80. 

Do. Kiver, 27. 
Kennon, Mr., Paymaster, 8a 
Knox, Gan., 141. 
Kiipatrick, George, trial of, 881. 
Keene, Lawrence, appointed A D. C, 870. 

L'tnd Warrants nnlocated, 49a 
U Prairie, 17. 19, 81, 8:L 
Livingston, Jamea, Col., 80, 38) 84, lOa 
lA>ni;ueille., 88. 
La Come, t>t Luke, 8a 
Like George, 28, 29. 
- Lamb. Col. John. 80. ' 7/ 
Long Island, tories oi; 81. 
Lafayette, MarquU, 31, 68a 
Lenox. CafiL, 82. 
Lincoln, Oen., 46, 88. J««. ^t-J 
Lyman. Janie.'*, 47. ' 

lAwrence, John, Treasurer of Conn., 67. 
Livingston, CoL Henry B., 9a ^i^ U 
Lewis Brl«r. Gen., orders of; 824. , 

Lee. Gen. Charles, orders o^ 825. ^0^*^9-4 
L*cy, Gen. John, 68a ' 



881. y/^ 
Ludeman, Lieut, 88. 
Laurens, CoL John, 88. 

Montgomery, Gen. Blch'd, Proelamatioii, 8a 

McPherson, Ald-de-Camp, 90, 88. 

MontreaL 81, 88. 

Motte. CoL, 85-86.^ 

Mansfield, Capt^^V 

Moylan, Oul. Stephen, 48, 61. 

McDongall, Gen., 49, 58a 

Mifflin, Gen , 69, 580. 

Machln, Thomas, Capt, 71, 78. 

Mohawk Kiver, 71 

McMordle, Rer. Robert 7a 

M MM u^-f4, GiriK L'utwf, ^t, 91,664. 
M. l:..1,Prta, Mr. F. C M. H^ 9L 
M^ ! M^x^r. Jtwob, OkpU 1^ 
Mur-^lmlL LirtiL Bt-iueimlF^, V7. 
Ml L:in«. M^4ir AL]i-ti, im 
Mr burr, .J.wet>h. C«jit, 101, lOa 
Mi . .- : I u Oimrloti, Oo L, lOCk 
M- lie, A 11*1 row, r«pt, If^a 
M. ;■• . Ca^iV tJernhoin. 100. 



Ml 'iiir<., Capi. J^m4■^ I^h ' 

M;ltll^^ lr,i|.rliMiriva. IS^n. 

M 817. 

M .[u8ia 

M , i.^.83a 

M' ■ 'ti Hiiij, V'Anli ud* :i- 1. 

M 'ii..rv (vin^l lih.irici», ^^:;if^KT.,Tenn.,490. 

M..';.i.; Jmm.. i^; !...,.,iH.| J> Lf. ]iiG.,88U. 

Mv:kik^iwk C.^L, u ,1 iufijery, 86d. 

»MltteiiHi»len,878. 
Moultrie, Gen., &2a S^f 
Meigs, Col. R. J., 588. 
Morgan, Col. Daniel, 584. 
Marion, Gen. Francis, 58a 

Noarae, Joseph, Asot And. Gen., 44 
New York, prijMiners, 821. 
Nash. Gen., burlMl ot, 846.. 
Nagle, CoL, Tea Partv, 871. 
Nixon, CoL, family abused, 861 

OfpierK CoL' Matthias. 8a 

Ottendorfi; Mijor, 107. 

Orcndorli; Christian. Lieut, 14a 

Oflicers died in service, 410-489. 

Officers, foreign, 489. 

Order of march to Swedes* Ford, 841. 

Parsons. Gen. Sam. H., 684. 

Pholps, Noah, CoL Bedel's Commissary, 91, 

28,24,86. 
Prescott, Gen., 2a 
Peters, Richard, See of War, 80, 88. 
Pulaski, Gen., 82-87, 56, 5JM. 
Palfrey. Col. William, 83, 89, 40, 47, 60, 68, 56i 
Plckerinsr. Ck)L Timothy, 70, 83, 681 
Pryor, Mj^or J., 89. 
Pepin, Lieut, 1('4. 
Putnam, Gen.. 111,589. 
Pro<- tor's Artillery, 189. 
Petition of Revolutionary Martyrs. 80a 
Prisoners of Cadwalladers Regt, 810. 
Pay-table of Revolutionary Army, 874-87a 



^.^fyfU^ C. tf-h 



H^.^„rt4t,,U>C CAfL^'-tql* 



r-.:f. 



^. 



c^i^t 









16 



GBNBBAL INDEX. 



.,48.61. 



Prisoners taken by Col Brown, 848. 
Powell, WiUiam, Med, 881. 

Qaeen's Greek. 825. 

Bangers. New Hampebire, 17. 
River Onion, mouth ot, 17, la 
Robinson^s House, 88. 
River Sorel, Sa 
Redman, Capt, tried, 880. 
Reed, Thomas. IlT.K " 
Regnler, CoU 4i. 100. i 
••Ramsey, Nathaniel, OoL, i 
Roxbarg. Capt, lOo. 
Bossell, Thomas C, 110; 118. 
Bahl, CoL, 808. 
Roe, Gallv, 825. 

Russell, wm., Wag. Mr. Oen., 885^ 
Roe, Jesse, Capt, trial ot, 888. 
Recruiting in Pennsylvania, 28& 
Regiments of Blaryland, 88i. 
Report on Ylrginia lands, 489. 
R^ulations for guard, 88iS. 

Schuyler. Gen., 17, 88, 589. 
""^ehepherd, Ldent, 19. 
Smith, Capt, 19. 
Saokett Ckpt, 44. 
Smith, LieiA Larkin, 61. 
Scott Gen., 58, 58. 
Schott. Capt, 68. 
Stelle, Mr, D. P. M. Gen., 88. 
Spencer, Wm., Ensign, 88. 
Steuben, Baron, 89, 589. 
Swift, Gen., 94. 
Stewart Col.. 9a 
Small wood. Gen., 105, 584. 
SUriing, Lord, 140, 58a «7^ ^ 
Swope's Flying-Camp, 816. 'M^f 
Sn pern u merary offioars, 8S8. « 
Spy hanged, 8o7. 
Society of Cincinnati, 487. 
Soldiers tried for matiny, 88L 
Sobuylklll riot 849. 
Stray Horses, 850. 
Shanks, Thomas, « spy, hanged, 887. 






50;^^ ftri^P^ 



St CUir, Gen., 537. 
Spencer, Gen., 580. 
Starke, Gen., 580. 

Thomas, Gen. John, 5Sa 
Tinnis' House, 846. 
Ticonderoga, 22. 
Troap, Col. Robert, 81. 
Travera, Capt, Sa 
Tucker, Joseph, P. M., 44. 
Tnpper, Col. Benjamin, 51. 
TowTes, Col. Oliver, 58, 82, 187. 
Trumbull. Jonathan. P. M. Gen., 68. 
Turberville, John, lOT. 
Tudor, CoL William, 184 
TarMT of exchange, prisoners, 80& 
Thonrdike w. United SUtea, 467. 
Treaty of Hopewell, 497. 

Van Rensselaer, James, 87. 
Valley Forge, last days at, 877. 
Van Scbaick, Col. Gooss4, 584. 
Varick, ColTRichard, 585. 
Yarnom, Gen., 586. 

Warner, CoL Seth, 19, 87. 
Wooster, Gen. David, 26, 88, 689. 
Waterbury, Gen. David, 81. ^#T 
Williama, C«pt, 4<l 
Woolford, Gen., 4a 
Wbite, Mose^ P. M., 47. 
Washington, Gen.^, 184, 686. 
Washington, Col. William, 185, 686. f^ 
WashinglpTL Gen., orders of, 886 to ^ 
Woodson, Tarieton, Mai., 186. 
Watts' Flying-CampTSfa 
Weedon, Gen. George, orders oft 841. 
Wlloox, ^ward, Qr. Biaster, trial of; 88L 
White Clliy Creek, 88a 
Washington's clock-work, 346. 
Wavne, Gen., trial of, 847, 585. 
Walker, Jamea, deserts his wagon, 8601 
Webb, Lieut, tried, 867. 
Williams, Gen. O. EL, 585. t 8 ^ 
WiUett, CoL Marlnua, 6S6w 






jn^s^ 



PART I. 

COKRESPONDENCE 
or 

DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS 

OF THE 

REYOLUTIONART WAR, 

CX)MlISBrGlKe IN 1T70; 

SHOWING THB DITFXRKNT LOCATIONS AND M0TSMENT8 OP THB ABICT, ANP 
THS riNANOIAL CONDITION OF THK OOUNTBT IN 1780. 



TiooiTDnooA, August 19, 1*775. 
Sib: — ^I request you will cause the three companies of New 
Hampshire Rangers under your command to march with all dis- 
patch to the mouth of Onion River, taking care to give the General 
such timely notice as may enable him to furnish them with provis- 
ions and boats, and such further orders as he may judge expedient 
I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

Richard Montoomsrt, Brig'r Gen'l. 
Ck>1. Bkdsl, > 

Of the New Hampahire forces. ) 

TiooiTDKBOGA, Aogust 31, 1 77 5. 

Sir : — ^This will be delivered you by an oflBcer of Col. Hinman^s 

regiment, together with a boat, which I hope will \>e sufficient to 

carry you and his parties to Isle-aux-Noix, where you will join me 

without delay. Should the boat be insufficient to carry all the 



18 CORRESPONDENCE OF OFFICERS 

men, you will try to procure craft there ; and if none are to be had, 
yon will send a few men to this place to the commanding officer, 
acquainting him with what number of men may be left, that be 
may dispatch boats to you for their transportation. 
I an), sir, your humble servant. 

Ph. Schuyler, 
OoL Bkdel, Ooion Biver. 

TiooNDEBOOA, Sept 16, 1775. 

Sir : — I received yours of the 14th, informing me of your arrival 
at the Onion River with a number of mefT; also of the insufficiency 
of the boats, and your request for more from this place. 

I am obliged to inform you that it is not in my power at present 
to send them, as the whole of the boats went on from thence this 
day. Notwithstanding I do all in my power to furnish boats to 
forward the men as they come to hand, there are now about five or 
six companies lying here and a number at Fort George. How the 
General expects me to forward the troops I know not I should 
think best to send down to the army for boats, and send some craft 
for provisions ; otherwise I think the army must retreat for want, 
unless we send provisions instead of men. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Benjamin Hinman. 
OoL Bkdkl, at Onion, or elsewhere, ) 
on Lake Champlain. ) 

Camp near St. Johns, Sept 19, 1775. 
Sir : — I have this instant received yours. The party is now pre- 
paring to carry you some flour and intrenching tools. Young 
troops are not so expeditious as could be wished. I will send the 
money by the commanding officer. Somebody must be employed 
to act as commissary to purchase provisions. As far as my money 
will go, they shall be paid directly. If the Paymaster does not 
join us before that happens, they must give us credit, for I have but 
little. Have you a party at La Prairie ? 

In haste, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomery, Brig'r Gen'l. 
Ool. Bbdel^ northward of St Johns. 



OF THB RKVOLUnONABT WAB. 19 

Camp irsAn St. Jormb, Sept 20, l*J*J6, 

Sir : — ^I have the pleasure to acquaint you of the arrival of the 
New York Artillery Company, and every instant I look for a con- 
siderable reinforcenoent of other troops. The Paymaster-general 
has also arrived, with cash. 

Be so good as to send off a trusty Indian or Canadian to the 
Caughnawaga Castle with the string of wampum (which the bearer 
will deliver you) and the following message : 

** Brethren, when I had the pleasure of seeing your chie^ in my 
camp near St. Johns, after our treaty of friendship and neutrality 
was concluded, I told them there was a present from the twelve 
United Colonies for the Caughnawaga tribes, consisting of £400, 
York money; but that my treasurer was not arrived with the 
money ; that I expected him soon, and promised to let you know 
when he came. Conformable to my promise, I take the first op- 
portunity of acquainting you that the money is ready, and I desire 
to know when you will come to receive it." 

You have, I suppose, appointed a trusty Commissary. He must 
keep his accounts with the utmost exactness, and be upon his oath, 
as every ration of provisions must be accounted for. 

Should Colonel Warner want a little cash for his people, I can 
now give it to him. 

I hope there is the strictest discipline kept up, that our friends 
may have no reason to complain of us. 

I make no doubt that you have a good lookout towards La 
Prairie. Should regular troops venture into those roads, I think 
your woodmen will give a good account of them. Should you 
have any accounts of their bringing artillery with them, it will be 
necessary to fell timber across the roads. 

Tell Major .Elmore that I desire Lieutenant Sheppard, who acted 
as officer of marines on board of one of the vessels, may come this 
day to our camp — he being wanted here as an evidence with re- 
spect to Captain Smith. 

I would wish to see Major Brown, if he can be spared for a few 
days. 

I have taken your corned beef, which you shall be reimbursed 



30 €X>BRB8P0KDBN0£ OF 0FFIGKB8 

for, with tJianks. I wish for a return of the people under your 
command, particularly Major Brown's party, as, perhi^ there may 
be some missing. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

RiOHABD MONTOOMBRT. 

Col Bbdsl, north ride St. Johns. 



Camp south sms St. Johns, Sept 24, 1775. 

Sm : — ^It is impossible to send you a marqui. Perhaps, by ap- 
plying to some of the regiments you are acquainted with you may 
get one. 

Mr. fink will deliver you twenty half Johanneses, amounting to 
sixty-four pounds seven shillings, for which he has given his receipt. 

By the General's order, 

John Maophersok, Aid-de-Camp. 
CoL Bbdkl, north ride St. Johns. 



Gamp sooth side St. Johns, Sept 25, 1775. 

Sm : — ^I send to acquaint you that the garrison have a consider- 
able party bringing timber out of the woods not far from your ad- 
vanced guard. We judge they are preparing to lay the ways for a 
vessel ready to be launched. Pray, don't let them carry on this 
work undisturbed. Their covering parties are regulars, I think. I 
have information from a prisoner, who was taken attempting to go 
into the fort on your side, that he carried verbal orders for the 
garrison to attempt an escape to Quebec For God's sake, have an 
eye over them, and send an express to Allen, if he be not yet ar- 
rived. It might prevent the success of the Kennebec expedition, 
should this garrison get down safe. 

We have a battery of two twelve-pounders just ready to play on 
the ship-yards with hot shot Our raortar-battery will be ready 
before night 

I have just received yours by Mr. Livingston. I approve exceed- 
ingly of your plan, if it can be done without risk of weakening 



OF THK BEYOLUnONAitr WAIL 21 

your preoent poet» which might facilitate the escape of the ganrieoD. 

If yoa go to Montreal, pay the utmost attention to good order. 

I am, sir, with earnest wishes £or your success, 

Your obedient servant, 

Richard Montoomsbt. 
GoLBbdxl. 

Camp kkae St. Johns, Sept %B, 1775. 

Sm : — I have just been &?ored with yours. Tou do not tell me 
how many men you have. I should imagine you were sufficiently 
strong. However, I send you to-nK>rrow, according to your desire, 
Easton's regiment I shall send you money by that opportunity. 
Tou have nothing to do but send for money when you want it 
This I have told you before. 

I don't know which is the oldest officer, you or Colonel Easton. 

Should he be eldest, you will impart to him all such instructions as 

you have received. I would wish you to keep a good officer and 

party on the other side, to watch the garrison when they attempt 

to retire. It is much more probable they will march on that side 

than on yours, where the difficulties to encounter are much greater. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomsrt. 
CoL BxDXL, north side St. Jolms. 

Gamp mkab St. Johns, Sept 29, 1775. 

Sir : — ^The young gentleman who brought up the rum to your 
post some days since, promised to get a quantity of necessaries for 
our men. . When he arrives, or if they can be gotten at La Prairie, 
those who are absolutely in want of them must have them ; but it 
must be on credit for some time, or for Continental money, as the 
hard money must be kept to pay for provisions. 

Tou will please order your detached parties to send in their ac- 
counts soon, that I may see how money is laid out, for I think it 
goes away fast Cannot Mr. Phelps discharge the contractor's 
business at all the poets, that I may have accounts on this head 
only with one person ? 



22 CX>RBBBPOin>BNOB OF 0FFT0BB8 

I must obaerve to you that I understood from you, at Ticondero- 
ga, that your men were completely equipped for the field. I do 
not know what footing the troops of your province are on. I shall, 
therefore, be obliged to make a charge against New Hampshire for 
any money advanced to them, till I shall have received instrucfionB 
from the Continental Congress. 

If there are any stores still remaining of those taken by Major 
Brown let me have a return of them, that I may give orders for 
their distribution. 

I am, sir, with anxious wishes for your success. 
Your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montoombrt. 
Ck>L Bkdkl, north Bide St. Johns. 

(endorsed.) 
The Canadians complain that your Commissary treats them 
roughly. The General desires that they may be kindly treated, 
and those employed supplied with provisions. 

John Maopherson, Aid-de-Camp. 

Camp neab St. Johns, Oct 2, 1775. 

Sir : — ^Last night I received yours. The cannon shall be ready 
this evening, if you will send a party for them to go down in the 
boat, as also the ammunition. They may go down with the great- 
est safety from the enemy. We had a whale-boat with a few men 
landed the other night at Mr. Robinson's house, and brought away 
the glass-doors — a proof that they had no look-out on the water. 

The mutiny of the Canadians I treat as a joke, nor do I see how 
two pieces of cannon should change their minds, if it were so. I 
wait for a large mortar and a considerable reinforcement, to take 
post on a hill to the westward, with most of my artillery, in order 
to destroy their defences and make my approaches. The troops 
must now be on their way. 

The report of Arnold's arrival . at Quebec seems to gain ground. 
I think it extremely probable. I imagine it will throw a damp on 
the people of Montreal. 



OF THE BEVOLUnONABT WAB. 28 

Let a small party, if possible, be kept at LoDgueille. Do send 

me a hdg or two of wine. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Montoombrt. 
CoL Bkdxl, north aide St Johns. 

Camp sooth bids St. Johns, Oct. 4, 1775. 
Sir : — ^To the best of my recollection, I have already answered 
you on the subject of provision for the Canadians. Those who are 
our friends must certainly be supported. Any ^ns you can pur- 
chase you will deliver to such Canadians as may be depended upon, 
taking a receipt for the delivery of them. It will be necessary to 
be upon your guard against imposition, otherwise a man may sell 
you his own gun and obtain it from you again by the intervention 
of a friend* Ton must therefore consult Captain Dugan or Mr. 
Livingston, or some other person acquainted with the parties con- 
cerned. You may send the sick you mention when you please. I 
wish you would send some rum and some wine for the sick. The 
expedition against the schooner did not succeed. I hope you got 
the boat our people let go down the rapids. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgomxrt* 
CoL Bkdki^ north side St. Johns. 

La Peadub, Oct 4, 1776. 

Sm : — After due regards, I have found but one hogshead of rum 
at this place for sale, which costs ybur livrea per gallon by the hogs^ 
bead, which is the highest price I ever gave for rum in my life ; but 
knowing the necessity of the army, I have bought the same. You 
know that I had no money when I left your camp— I am stayed 
as a pledge for the same. Please to let the Gieneral know it, and 
send me some money by some good man, as I may never go off the 
ground until I pay for the same. Also our army there want some 
supplies, and our camp will soon want. I am going to LongueiUe 
to buy some more rum, if I can find it I shall be glad of haste in 
this affair, and you will oblige, 

Your humble servant at command. 

Col. BiDKL. Noah Phblpb. 



24 00SBB8F0HDBK0B OF 0FFI0EB8 

At Me. Hazxit's, oppoBm St. Johhb^ ) 
October 5, 1776. ) 

Dear Sir : — Just now arrived here a small reinforcement of Ca- 
nadians, but no provisions. Flour we can make but little use of 
here ; and if we mean to open an intrenchment here, it will require 
twenty men at least to furnish us with bread, rum, <kc., constantly. 
The Canadians are far from being content, and unless they can be 
supplied with provisions they will drop off by degrees, and all my 
art will not prevail to make them stay. I beg you will pay atten- 
tion to this and endeavor to furnish us with beef^ bread, <fec 

Tou must be sensible it would be a dishonor to me to begin an 

intrenchment, battery, <fec., and be obliged to quit it for want of 

provisions. Major Elmore promised me some camp-kettles, but has 

not been as good as his word. We have only two in the camp, 

and beg you will send us five or six, and you will oblige 

Tour most obedient servant, 

James Livingston. 
OoL BsDKL, below the rapids^ St Johns, 

Gamp mscra sms St. Johns, Oct 5, 1775. 
Sir : — I send you by Captain Fossett £212 17*. Id., York money. 
Tou will pay for what shoes and stockings I have not paid for (I 
paid for those purchased by Thomas Dugan), and furnish Mr. Phelps 
with whatever money may be wanting. As for the £60 you de- 
sire, I must tell you hard cash is very scarce, and I would, there- 
fore, be glad if you could defer giving your men any money. If 
they must have necessaries, supply them as sparingly as possible, 
until we get more cash; for if we have not ready money to pay for 
provisions, we shall be ill supplied. Take what you want on credit, 
if you can. I am surprised to hear the rum is expended. There 
was a great deal bought I am afraid it is used too freely a great 
deal. Our situation absolutely requires it, but I must confess I am 
uneasy at such an expenditure. Tou have not sent any wine for 
the sick or the officers here. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montoomert. 
OoL Bn>iL, north side St Johns. 



OF THB BKVOLXrnONABT WAR. 25 

Caup south mm St. Jobmb, Oet IS, 1778. 

Sm : — I have been just favored with yours, inclosing your re* 
turns, Ac I have great pleasure in telling you that your orders 
are those of an officer of experience and attention to his duty. It 
is not your fault, I believe, that you have been frequently obliged 
to repeat them. But I must again observe that in your letter of 
the 6th inst you have confessed that ^ several officers have refused 
giving an account of stores taken from the enemy." Those officers 
you should certainly have brought to justice. Your Commissary 
has also palpably disobeyed your order of the 26th September, 
where you forbid him to draw wine on any order but that of the 
commanding officer or doctor. It is to little purpose to give or- 
ders if offenders are not called to account. The ignorance of the 
common soldier may sometimes excite mercy, but the officer can- 
not plead in the same manner, and I am therefore of opinion you 
should begin with him. The Commissary must be answerable for 
a great part of the wine to the public. It has not been dbposed 
of according to your orders or my intentions. 

Be so good as to have the goard re-established at Chambli. It 
has not been taken away by my orders, as I recollect 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montgombrt. 

OoL Bbdbi^ north side St Johns. 

Gamp south sidb 9t. Johits, Oct. «6, 1776. 
Sir : — I have this instant been fevored with yours, and am 
pleased to hear the nine-pounder and royals are arrived at your 
post, with the gin. Have you a place to land the cannon ? Let 
them be monnted,if you think they can be drawn to the battery on 
their own carriages. If that is thought difficult, a large sled must 
be made for that purpose, and the cannon must be drawn on the 
•led to the battery and there monnted. Consult Col. Molt on this 
matter. I shall send almost everybody from hence to your post 
Indeed, I shall go myself. Mr. Phelps must be informed our num- 
bers to be victualled at your post will be doubled at least Some 
go to-day. Send some trusty Canadians to take down two twelve- 

2 



26 OORRESPONDSKGB Off 'FxICB«8 

pounders this night I would not choose to begin our works nntil 
we are well able to maintain them. You know the distance b 
unaU, and no obstacle in the way. The garrison can be with us in 
fifteen minutes. Let th^^ be plenty of fiiscines, plank for platfomos, 
and sleepers. In short, let Col. Mott take cate that nothing ia 
wanting. To-morrow I hope to send a consideraUe corps of troops. 
Let Col. Campbell's stores remain at your post tiU further ordera. 
I agree with you it will be expedient to disturb the enemy when 
we begin. 

K the works our people raised against Chambli be not already 
d^troyed, it should be done immediately. Write to the Com- 
mandant. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Richard Momt«ombrt. 
OoL Bkdkl, north side Si. Johna 

Camt soinH siBB Sr. Jowm, Oct. 27, 1770. > 

8ir: — I think it exceedingly necessary that General Wooster 

should be accommodated with a house. You will, therefore, be so 

good as to have one got ready for hfm. I am told that which 

Major Elmore occupies is the most suitable. Should any repairs be 

found necessary, do let them be done immediately, as the General 

will be there to-day. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montoomert. 
GoL BxDD^ north tide St Johaa. 

OBNBRAL MaNTGOMERT's PROCLAMATION. 

HoTcmber 15, 1776. 
The General embraces this happy occasion of making his ac- 
knowledgment to the troops for their patience and perseverance 
during the course of a fatiguing campaign. They merited the ap- 
plause of their grateful countrymen. He is now ready to fulfil the 
engagements of the public. Passes, together with boats and pro- 
visions, shall be {umished upon application, from the commanding 



or THIS RKVOLUTIONABT WAB. 27 

offioeiB of regimeDts, for snoh as ohooee to return home, yet be en- 
treatB the troops not to lay him under the neeessity of abandoning 
Canada ; of undoing in one day what has been the work of months ; 
of restoring to an enraged, and hitherto disappointed eneaoy, the 
means of earrying on a cruel war into the rery bowels of their 
country. Impressed with a just sense of the spirit of the tro(^ ; 
their attachment to the interests of the United Colonies ; and of 
their regard to their own honor, he flatters himself that none will 
leave him at this critical juncture but such whose affiurs or health 
absolutely require their return home. 

He has still hopes, notwithstanding the adyanced season of the 
year, should he be seconded by the generous yalor of the troops, 
hitherto highly fisivored by Proridenee, to reduce Quebec, in con- 
junction with the troops which have penetrated by the Kennebec 
River, and hereby deprive the ministerial army of all their footing 
in this important province. 

Those who engage in this honorable cause shall be furnished 
completely with every article of clothing requisite for the rigor of 
the climate, blanket-coats, coats, waistcoat and breeches, one pair of 
stockings, two shirts, leggins, sacks, shoes, mittens, and a cap, at the 
Continental charge, and one dollar bounty. The troops are only 
requested to engage to the 16th of April. They shall be dis- 
charged sooner if the expected reinforcement arrives before that 

tinoe. 

Jambb Van Rbnsselabb, Aide-de-Camp. 

HoNTRXAL, Nov. 16, 1776. 
Sir : — You will proceed down the river with Lieutenant-colonel 
Warner's regiment and your own corps, keeping as close to th« 
enemy as an attention to the safety of the troops under your com- 
mand will admit of. The circumstances and situation of things 
roust point out how you are to act. I have it much at heart to 
harass the enemy in their retreat, and if possible to get possession 
of any or all their vessels, especially that with the powder. All 
public stores, except ammunition and provisions, shall be given to 
the tro<^ who take them. Above all, I am anxious to secure the 



28 OORKESrONDENCK OF 0FFICEB8 

persoDs of the Governor and General Prescott, and also to release 
Mr. Walker, and any other prisoners who may be on board. 

Should the enemy be so fortunate as to pass the Sorel, you will 
attend them at a convenient distance until you join Colonel Arnold, 
if that can be done. I shall follow with the artillery and main 
body of the army as (asi as possible. 

If the enemy be passed the Sorel, Colonel Easton will embark his 
artillery and proceed along with you. I furnish you with cash for 
provisions, <fec., for thie use of the troops under your command. 
Your most obedient servant, 

Richard Montqombrt. 

Hbad-Qdabtbbs, Montrbal, December 4, 1776. 
Sir : — ^I am informed that St Luke La Come is exceedingly ill, not 
able to cross the lake, therefore you will permit him to return to 
Boucherville. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

David Woobter, Brig. Gen. 

TiooNDXRooA, December 16, 1775. 

Sir : — When General Schuyler left this post he gave me the fol- 
lowing instruction — " If the prisoners from St Johns should not 
be able to reach this place by water, you will send to them to come 
on by land, leaving the baggage, with an inventory thereof with 
the commanding officer at that post, to be forwarded as soon as it 
can." The above instruction related to the prisoners that have 
been already sent forward. To pursue the same method with those 
under your command, is as proper a mode as any I can recommend. 
Lake George is passable with boats. They are at present employed 
for important purposes. 

The committee from Congress left this post the first instant I 
shall afford you all the assistance in my power, consistent vrith or- 
ders from General Schuyler. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

James Holmes, Col. and Com, 
Ck>L TncoTHT Bsdbl. 



OF THE KEVOLUnONABT WAR. 29 

TioovDXBooA, D«Mmb«r 18, 1*776. 
Sir : — ^The batteanx are detained for the purpose of carrying the 
prisoners across Lake George, agreeable to your request; and other 
important business is omitted, which I have the General's express 
commands to prosecute, if you intend to tread the path the Gen* 
eral has chalked out. 

Rease to make all dispatdi possible, otherwise I cannot detain 
the boats, as I shall be answerable for disobeying the General's or- 
ders : not only so, the boats will be frozen in. Your answer is 
earnestly requested. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

Jambs Holmxs, 

CoL oommandiiig at this point 
CoL TnfOTHT Bkdsl, at Crown Point.) 

(By John Row, a sergeant) ( 

TiooHDnoGA, Dea 20, 1776. 

Sir : — ^Yours of the 18th instant I received yesterday afternoon^ 

The person who brought it tired his horse, is the reason why it 

came so late to hand. Three horse-sleds are all that are in my 

power. The roads are so bad that it is impossible for them to come 

till the lake is frozen over, that they can come on the ice. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

Jambs Holmes. 
GoL Bkdil, at OrowD Point 

Wab OmoE, Baltimobx, Feb. 84, 1777. 
Sir : — Congress having received intelligence of the enemy's being 
reinforced in New Jersey very considerably, it becomes absolutely 
necessary, both for the preservation of the army under General 
Washington, and to check the progress of our cruel and remorse- 
less invaders, that he be joined immediately by all the forces which 
can possibly be procured. You have the resolve of Congress on 
that bead, inclosed by direction of the Board of War, with which 
they request you will instantly comply, by sending all the men 
raised in your regiment Let them bring what arms, blankets, and 
clothes they have or can by any means obtain, and the deficiency 
will be supplied at Philadelphia or Head-quarters. Let nothing 



30 COBBESPOKDENCB OF OFFI0XB8 

delay your immediate march, either by companies or parts of com- 
panies, as you can get them together, as the safety of our country 
much depends on the exertions of its army at this trying period ; 
and it is hoped no care or pains of yours will be wanting, when all 
we hold dear and valuable demand them. 

I have the honor to be your very humble servant, 

BiOHABD Petbbs, Secretary. 
Lieut GoL Autill. 

BosToir, Aprfl 2Y. 1111. 

Sir : — I received your letter dated the 6th, which came to hand 
on the 20th, requesting a return of the company under my com- 
mand, to which, sir, I send the same inclosed. I have enlisted ten 
men at Boston, which you will see in the return, who have gone to 
Peekskill and received their States' bounty. Colonel Crane says he 
will exchange them for men his officers enlisted at Gorsey and York, 
as soon as his arrival at camp. I think it likely I can enlist a con^ 
siderable number more of men if I am furnished with money. I 
have received but six hundred dollars, and have borrowed one hun- 
dred and thirty since. My officers have received no money for re- 
cruiting. I let Captain-lieutenant Freeman have two hundred 
dollars of my recruiting money at Morristown, which makes me two 
hundred and twenty dollars out of my own money for recruiting. 

I have sent Mr. Jagur, one of my sergeants, with this return, and 
if you think proper I should tarry any longer on the recruiting 
business, send me your orders and four or five hundred dollars by 
him, and his receipt shall make me answerable for the money. 

I have not known of any appointment of one first-lieutenant and 
one second-lieutenant Your appointment of them will satisfy me. 

Captain Mansfield sends his compliments to you, and has not 
time to write, as the bearer is waiting. The clothing is almost 
ready, and he expects to march on Friday. If you can purchase 
any flannel for waistcoats it would be better, for we can't get but 
one hundred. 

Sir, I am your humble servant, 

JoTUAM Dbuby, Capt of Artillery. 

Ckd. John Lamb, N. Y. Artillery. 



OF THB BEVOLUnONART WAR. 81 

STAifroKD» Auguit 28, 1777. 

OsNTLSMEN I — It may be remembered that I sent tbe expense of 
my raising a regiment of men to go to Long Island to disarm the 
toriea by order of Congreea, and at the same time I desired you, 
gentlemeo, to let me know if there would be any wages allowed to 
the men that were raised for that purpose after engaged, until dis- 
charged by Congress; and Mr. Davenport told me it was your* 
minds for me to send the pay bounty in, and you would consider 
the same as you should find it right I have collected the pay-rolls 
in as good order as I could from the several captains, and have made 
out a regimental pay-roll from the same, and send both for your 
consideratioa. The time was but short they stood engaged ; but 
the temper of soldiers is to not lose any time, and they are often 
troubling me about their pay for that service, so I should like it as 
a fiavor if yon would let me know, as soon as you conveniently can, 
whether you allow any thing or not I thought it would not be 
worth while for me to come to Hartford, as yon, gentlemen, could 
consider it as well without me as with me ; and it would be some 
expense and trouble to come to Hartford ; and as for my own part| 
I want nothing for my time nor trouble while I was engaged 
I am, gentlemen, your moat obedient servant, 

David Watsbbubt, Jb 

ContiaeBtal CommiMioners at l 
Hartford, Cona. I 

Albamt, Feb. 28, 1778 
Deab Colonbl : — ^The Marquis de La Fayette, who is appointed 
to command aa eipedition into Canada, has something of import- 
ance to communicate to you, which he cannot do without seeing 
you. I am therefore in his name to request you would repair to 
Albany with ail expedition, that the public business may not suffer 
by any delay. 

I am, dear colonel, your humble servant, 

Robbbt Tboup, 
Aid-de-Oamp to Major-gen«ral Gates. 
OoL BlD■^ eommandiag at Ooos. } 
(By express.) i 



82 OOBBESPONDENOE OF 0FFI0EB8 

Camp,Vallkt Foboi, April 16, 1778. 
Sir : — ^Haviog had a personal interview with Capt* Lenox, joa 
may depend on his being among the first of those who are hereafter 
exchanged. I ought to have announced your exchange to yoii 
long ago, as it has taken place ever sinoe Janoary last, but my at- 
tention has been so taken up with the greater distresses of our im- 
happy prisoners, that it 8li|^>ed my memory, except patting it ia 
general orders. 

The inclosed will be the most convincing evidence of the tranaao- 
tion, on which I heartily congratulate yon. 

I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

EuAS BouDiNOT, Com. Gen. Prisoners. 

Oapt AUCZAITDBE GaATDON, ) 

Sd Pa. Reg't ) 

Wab Ofjtoi, November 9, 1778. 

Gbntlemen : — Capt Baldesqui, Paymaster to Pulaski's Legion, 
is very necessary to the General in carrying on the detail of his 
corps. He has written very pressingly for Capt. Baldesqui's joining 
him ; but this cannot be done, as he is waiting for the settlement of 
his accounts, which have been presented to you for that purpose. 

You will see by the resolve&^f Congress for raising this corps, 
what articles Gen. Pulaski was to find at a stipulated price. Hia 
Legion was received by order of Congress, and in general these arti- 
cles had been provided. If there are any papers in our possession 
which will be necessary for your information, they shall be sent to 
you ; and I am to request that, if not inconsistent with your oth^ 
engagements, you will be pleased to dispatch Capt. Baldesqui, who 
now makes a demand for another advance, which the Board do not 
think it right to recommend until they are satisfied by your certifi- 
cate of the expenditure of the sums already received, G^en. Pur 
laski says it was impossible for him, from the rapid rise of prices, 
to comply with his engagements to Congress ; and therefore pro- 
vided the articles enumerated at the current prices, and agreeably 
to this the accounts are made out. You will judge of the propn- 
ety of this. 

I am, with great respect, your obedient servant, 

Oomminioners of Aooounts. Richard Petkrs* 



OF THB EEVOLUnONABT WAB. 38 

EUIABETBTOWN, Dm. 80, 1778. 

Sir : — Mr. Lewis Johnston Coetigin, of the city of New Brans- 
wiek, N. J., was appointed a first-lieutenant in the first regiment of 
Jersey, in the year 1775, and served in said regiment until the new 
arrangement for the eighty-eight battalions, when he was again 
continued as first-lieutenant, and taken prisoner and remained so 
for upwards of two years, in which time he was left out in the new 
arrangement of the army. And I likewise certify that he haa not 
drawn either pay or rations in the first Jersey regiment from his 
last ]4>pointment, from the ISth day of November, 1776, to the 18th 
day of December, 1778, inclusive ; as witness, 

Mathias Oodbn, CoL Ist N. J. Reg't 

[KoaddreM.] 

Piin.ADW.wnA, Jan. tl, 1779. 
Sib : — You will receive, hersPirith inclosed, a copy of an act of 
Congress of the SOth inst., directing the Paymaster of the Board of 
War to transmit to you a certain sum of money for the current ex- 
penses of the army. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Jat, President 
CoL Wm. PjjjnxT. 

YoBKTowN, March 27, 1779. 
Gentlbmbn : — By a resolve of Congress, I am ordered to South 
Carolina with my Legion, and to leave Capt Baldesqui, Paymaster 
of the Corps, to settle my accounts with you concerning said corps. 
Some receipts were lost in the hands of Lieutenant-colonel Boze, 
who has been killed at Egg Harbor ; but I hope that will make no 
great difficulties, being persuaded you do depend enough on my 
honor to pass over such matter. I hope also you will be kind 
enough to dispatch Capt. Baldesqui as soon as you possibly can, 
and I will remain, with much gratitude and esteem, 

Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

C. Pulaski, General. 
To the Gentlemen Auditors of the ) 
Army, Esquires, at Camp. ) 



84 OOBBESPOHDENOB OF OFFICERS 

War OmcE, April 19, 1778. 

Sir : — At the request of Capt. Baldesqui, I now inclose for your 
inspection a copy of the payments made to Count Pulaski and him- 
self for the pay and other expenses of the Legion, amounting to 
133,500 dollars ; the charges in the abstract will show the purposes 
for which the sums respectively were advanced. The last sum of 
35,000 dollars was paid only a few days ago to General Pulaski 
for the recruiting services oi his L^on. It will therefore be out 
of the power of Capt Baldesqui to account at present for the above 
sum, he having had no returns ^m the General that show how it 
has been expended. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

Auditors of Accounts. JosBPH Carlston, Secretary. 

Philadklphia, May 16, 1779. 

Gbntlembn : — ^The accounts of General Count Pukski and Ci^t. 
Baldesqui have been carefully examined, amounting to 105,111^ 
dollars, and compared with as many vouchers as are produced ; but 
as many are wanting — such as muster-rolls and receipts for several 
articles, and some articles for large sums are guessed at, as will ap- 
pear by his remarks herewith — I find that I cannot settle said ac- 
counts, they not being agreeable to the resolves of Congress and 
orders of the Board of Treasury. It appears that the General and 
Paymaster have received at sundry times 181,286 dollars. The 
General, in a letter to the Auditors of the 27th of March, mentions 
that some receipts were lost by Colonel Boze, who was killed at 
Egg Harbor, but hopes that will make no difficulty, as he is per- 
suaded we shall depend on his honor to pass over that matter. 

The accounts of Captain Baldesqui, amounting to 44,706|^ dol- 
lars, are not agreeable to the resolves of Congress or Board of 
Treasury — he having not produced any receipts for either officer or 
private ; instead of which, he produces certificates at the bottom of 
each account, that the account is true and exact, and that the 
amount of each has been paid by his Paymaster — from all which 
it appeai-s that these accounts as rendered cannot be settled. 

James Johnston, Auditor. 
Board of Treasury. 



OF THB BKYOLUnONASY WAR. 86 

PHiLAiunrau, Jaly tS, 1779. 
Tke Honorable Qentlemen, Members of Congreas : 

I went to camp a few days after General Count Pnlaftki's de- 
parture for Sonth Carolina, for the purpose of settling the accoants 
of the L^on with the Auditors of the Army, according to the reso- 
lation of the honorable Congress. 

The Auditors told me they had so mach business in hands at 
that time that they did not believe they coald be able to look oyer 
aaid accounts before three weeks or a month ; in consequence 
whereof I determined to go to Boston, as I had some business there. 
I gave to said Auditors all the papers I received from Coant Pulaski 
concerning the Legion, together with all the payments made by me 
to the officers and privates, and told them we should settle at my 
coming back. 

I happened to be sick during my stay at Boston, which obliged 
me to be absent longer than I thought I should have been ; and 
found at my arrival at camp the Auditors had already visited the 
accounts, and made such report to the Treasury Board as to induce 
you, gentlemen, to pass a resolve, which has since been published 
in the newspapers, and which seems greatly to my disadvantage. 

General Count Pulaski had begun his expenses for his Legion 
three months before I was appointed in it, and at that time almost 
all the business had been done by him, or some of the officers of 
bis corps, who were so negligent as to lose several vouchers, which 
are now missing. This is a thing, gentlemen, I cannot help. Count 
Pulaski confesses it himself by a letter he wrote to the Auditors of 
the Army, which letter I delivered them ; and besides this, I add 
here a general receipt from Count Pulaski, by which he does ac- 
knowledge I have given him an exact account of all the sums 
whatever I received for him, by order of the honorable Congress, 
during all the time I have been appointed in his corps. 

This is, gentlemen, the present situation of the accounts of the Le- 
gion ; and though some of the vouchers have been lost, they are true 
and as exact and regular as I could possibly make them. I am fiir- 
diermore certain that Count Pulaski has laid out for the Legion at 
least fifty thousand dollars of his own money, which are not men- 



60 00BBE8P0NDBN0S OF OFFIOBBB 

tioned m his accounts. However, gentlemen, should the regularity 
with which public business ought to be transacted not permit you 
to fully trust Count Pulaski's honor, in respect of the vouchers 
which have been lost, please to order the accounts to be settled in 
the manner you will think it the most right and best ; and as to 
the deficiency, whatever that shall be found in the said accounts, I 
know Count Pulaski well enough to be certain that he will pay it 
as soon as he will be informed thereof. 

As to my own accounts concerning the payments made to the 
officers and privates personally by me, the Auditors of the Army 
pretend also they are not regular, because I did not take a re- 
ceipt f]X)m each of the privates to whom money was advanced. 
This might have been done very easily, but I did not think it was 
necessary nor very regular, because the greater part of them could 
not write their names. I therefore chose to keep their accounts as 
we are accustomed to do it in Franoe — that is, to pay the troops in 
presence of the captain of each company, and to make him certify 
the pay-rolls, together with the colonel and the general, which has 
been strictly done. 

I hope, gentlemen, you will consider that a foreigner cannot be 
acquainted with the customs of your country as well as yourselves, 
and you will please to take the necessary steps so as the Auditors 
of the Army may settle my accounts on the footing they now 
stand. 

I am in hopes, also, gentlemen, that by a future resolve of Con- 
gress the effect of the former may be annulled. I mean that of the 
10th of June, which I suppose was made through mistake, since it 
may induce the public to think I have misbehaved. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

J. Baldbbqui. 

Tkiasubt OmcB, Aug. 8, 1779. 
Gkntlkmen : — ^The Board have received your letters of the 29th 
May, and 10th and 14th of July last, with their several inclosures. 
In answer to them I am instructed to inform you that the ac- 
counts of Mr. Kennon, Paymaster to the 6th Virginia regiment, 



OF THS BSYOLUnOKABT W^B. 87 

must be settled with jou, as there are no Continental Auditors in 
Virginia. 

The Board are extremely sorry that any of the Regimental Pay- 
masters should be so lost to a sense of duty to the public and 
their own reputations as to resign before they have settled their 
accounts. You are to call upon them to join the army immedi« 
ately, in order to adjust them with you ; and if they neglect to 
attend for that purpose, their names will be reported to GoDgreea 
as de&ulters. 

The Board flatters themselyes that this evil will be preyented in 
future, as the Conmiander-in-chief will not accept their reagnationB 
without certificates from you of their accounts being settled. 

The inconveniences arising from the allowance granted to officers 
for purchasing drums, fifes, and cockades, are unavoidable. Justice 
requires that they should be reimbursed. The Board, therefore, 
think proper to leave you at liberty to make such allowances for 
those articles to officers whose accounts are adjusted, as particular 
circumstances may render expedient 

It is the opinion of the Board that the officers sent to superin- 
tend the hospitals are comprehended in the resolve of Congress 
allowing three dollars per day to officers on command, not inci- 
dental to their duty, and are of course entitled to the same allow- 
ance. 

The Board are desirous that the pay of the clerks in your office 
should be adequate to their services, but recommend it to them to 
wait till the first of October next, when it is hoped the value of 
the money will be more fixed, and a regulation take place upon just 
and equitable principles. 

As the expense of horses and forage at this time is enormous, 
applications for horses on long marches should be made to the 
Commander-in-chief. 

I inclose you an act of Congress of the 29th ult, and an order 
of the Board of this day, together with a copy of a memorial to 
Congress of Captain Baldesqui, respecting his accounts as Pay- 
master to Count Palaski^s Legion, and also the accounts of Count 
Pulaski for money he has advanced to the Legion — which sev- 



38 OOSBBSPONmCNOB GF OFFICEB8 

eral papers I transmit you for joar govemment in settling said 
accounts. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient and very bumble servant, 

Robert Troup, Secretary. 

limsn. Johnson and Howbli^ Auditors. 

Pbovidbng^ August 24, 1*779. 
Sir : — Captain Travers is returned from Philadelphia, and will 
soon be with you, after he shall have seen the new French Ambas- 
sador at Boston. I beg you will send him again into Canada, and 
endeavor that no private dissensions obstruct the service. 
. I am convinced of your zeal in our cause, and wish to have it in 
my power to prove to you that I am with sincerity, 

Sir, your most obedient humble servant^ 

Horatio Gatsb. 
To GoL BsDxi^ at Co(St. 

MoRiuBTOWN, Jan. 2, 1780. 
Dear Sir : — By this conveyance you have my monthly accounts 
for November and December. The balance is much less than what 
f^pears in the return — having advanced to several Paymasters and 
other persons, by the general orders, about 120,000 dollars, in part 
of warranto which I design not to charge before the whole are paid. 
This reduces the real sum on hand to about 150,000 dollars — a 
sum which makes but a small figure in this office, and evinces the 
necessity of a further supply, as the troops are now four months in 
arrears, three of which I design to pay on the arrival of the money 
I have lately requested. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

John Pierce, Dep. Pay. Gen. 
Jonathan Bubball, Asst Pay. Qen. 

Philadklphia, Jan. 8, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — I inclose you a copy of a warrant which the 

Board of War have this day drawn, for 150,000 dollars, which I 

cannot answer without a further supply. As I have not more than 

50,000 in hand, I should think it best that a warrant be granted 



OF TOB RBYOLUnOHABT WAJL 39 

for St least 200,000 dollan, as idie remainder will undonbtedlj be 

wanted before the end of the month. 

I haye the honor to be, gentlemen^ 

Your obedient servant, 

J. BuRBALL, Aast Paj. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treatfury. 

PaiLADELFBiA, JsB. 4, l78a 

Sir : — ^Yootb of the 14th of November to Colonel Palfrey came 
to Jikj hands in his absence. 

I sent you, under the care of Mr. Ooffing^ 150,000 dollars. Tou 
will be pleased to send Colonel Palfrey a receipt, as osuaL 

The many pressing demands on the treasury has prevented me 
from obtaining the money earlier. As there is but one man to 
carry the money, I cannot send the books you requested. I should 
think you would not need any, except one to enter the monthly 
returns in, as they are entered in this c^ce. On the receipt of 
your returns, it is not expected, and indeed there can be no advan- 
tage in your keeping a waste-book and ledger. The Deputy Pay- 
master-general at camp does not keep any. I have not yet received 
any returns from you. I shall expect them on the return of the 
bearer of this. 

I am your obedient servant, 

J. BUBRALL. 
J(«v BoBBXAM, Esq., ) 
Bep. Pay. Gen. at Fort Pitt ) 

Philadelphia, Jan. 5, 1780. 

Sir : — ^You will herewith receive one million of dollars, forwarded 
under the care of Messrs. White, Gray, and Hunt, escorts. The 
demands on the treasury have been so pressiug, and so many war- 
rants waiting, that I have not been able to procure the money 
sooner, although the warrant for it was granted the 12th Decem- 
ber. I likewise send you my account of advances in December. 

The discharged privates were paid in certificates from the Regi- 
mental Paymasters, and it is probable they will not be included in 
the rolls. K so, it will save you the trouble of making the stoppage. 



40 OOBSESPONBEETOB OF OFFI0EB8 

I have not yet received your return i(X November, and have con- 
cluded it must have miscarried. The Board of Treasury have or- 
dered Mr. Reed to repair to Peekskill or West Point They tell 
me they shall send a copy of the order to his Excellency or to you 
by this opportunity, to be forwarded to him. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. BUBBALL. 

JoBN PnacB, Eiq. 

F&ZLADSLPHiA, Jan. 1, 1*780. 

Sir : — ^I forwarded you two millions on the 22d ult, under the 
care of an escort, by whom I also send the Journals of Congress 
from the 1st of January to the 26th August, 1779, which I believe 
contain all the alterations of pay which concern your department 
since the established pay of the army, per resolves of Congress of 
May 27, 1778. 

I have since received yours of the 27th of September and lOth 
of November to Colonel Palfrey, inclosing a receipt from Mr. 
Lucas. The money he has not delivered, and your returns. 

As you are considered Deputy Paymaster-general for the southern 
army, it makes no difference what State you are in, and there can 
be no necessity for your keeping separate accounts. 

No pay is yet fixed for any person in the Paymaster-general's 
department We are assured it shall be honorable, and rely on 
the justice of Congress to make it so ; and expect, whenever it is 
fixed, it will commence from May last 

I now send you, per express, a draft on the Governor of South 
Carolina for two millions of dollars, which, together with the sum 
lately forwarded, I hope will be more than sufificient to pay all ar^ 
rearages. You will please acknowledge the receipt of the draft by 
the return of the bearer. I likewise inclose you an account of 
money advanced to the troops who are ordered to your department, 
which you will be pleased to stop if they make their next settle- 
ment with you. When the General grants a warrant for a sum to 
be advanced for any special purpose, there can be no occasion for 
the Auditors to inspect it; but it should be entered in their books, 



OF THfi BBYOLOnONAET WAK. 41 

as it is probable the person will aocount for the expenditure of it 
with them. 

The musters must always be delivered to you by the Regimental 
Paymasters with the pay-rolls, that you may compare Uiem, and 
certify the sums due. They afterwards go to the Auditors to be 
examined ; and are both left, and the warrant only (in which the 
purpose for which it is paid should be specified) left with yon. 
This is the practice in the main army. By a resolve of Congress a 
certificate is necessary from the Deputy Paymaster-general where 
they received pay last, specifying the time to which the re^ment 
has been paid ; but it has sometimes been dispensed with. Indeed, 
there cannot be much danger of a whole regiment drawing pay for 
the same month twice, as we cannot suppose all the officers who sign 
the different rolls would concur in it. With single persons, or small 
detadiments, it ought not to be dispensed with if it can be avoided. 

8ince writing the above, Ckuigress have drawn on the Commis- 
sioners of the Continental Loan Office in South Carolina for 200,000 
doUarS( to be transmitted to you, which draft I likewise inclose you. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

J. BuRRALL, Asst Pay. Oen. 
JoBKFH Clat, Esq., ) 

Dep Pay. Gen* Soathern Dep't. ) 

MoRKUTOwir, Jan. 8, 1780. 

Sir : — It is now seven months since I have had the appointment 
as Deputy Paymaster-general to the main army, and during that 
time have not mentioned to the Congress that no allowance has 
been giv^n me or my department 

It is hard to sacrifice the best part of a person's life in a service 
where he is not certain what reward he shall receive, or that it will 
be equal to the sacrifices he makes, the attention he pays to the 
business, or its importance in the general scale. Besides, in the 
choice of assistants, gentlemen whose abilities and character will 
.^nswer the importance of the trust, will rarely venture to leave a 
cei'tain income for one which is unknown ; which, perhaps, may 
be less than what they would have reason to hope in any other 
station — for which reasons, I would wish that the pay of my de- 



42 OOBBBBPONDBNOB OP 0FFI0BB8 

partEuent was stated, and that the advantages which shall accrue 
to us may be known, that I may be enabled to continue gentle- 
men already in the department, and engage others which shall be 
equal to the business. 

The variety which passes through my hands is too great for 
the few employed, and I wish to have sufficient assistance to trans- 
act every part of it with the greatest exactness. 

I have observed a resolve of Congress, of December the 28th, 
that all letters to officers of the line and general officers, which 
come by post, should be free. I would wish to know if the gentle- 
men who are in the staff of the army were designedly excluded. 

Iq the course of my business I am necessarily involved in con- 
siderable postage ; but independent of that, as I partake in conmion 
with the other officers in the public service, a distinction held out 
between us implies a demerit somewhere, which I should be unwil- 
ling to own, and which I do not believe the honorable Congress 
ever intended. 

Having the most perfect reliance in the justice of the Congress, 
who, I do not doubt, will give every encouragement to the depart- 
ment which they merit, I would beg leave to subscribe myself, with 
the most perfect esteem and respect, 

Your Excellency's most humble servaut, 

John Pibbox. 
To the President of Gongrefls. 

MosaiSTOWK, Jan. 9, 1780. 
Dear Sir : — ^You may see by the inclosed letters, that his Excel- 
lency has thought proper to have you pay the troops during this 
winter at West Point. It is supposed you have a sum of money 
on hand. I wonld be much obliged to know how much, as I am 
directed to furnish you with a small sum from my chest, to enable 
you to discharge the pay of the troops to the first of November. 
His Excellency particularly desires you to lose no time in coming 
to that post. The troops have suffered sufficiently, without the 
addition of want of money. I shall send you a number of war- 
rants in favor of Paymasters in that department, as also an account 
of stoppages, as soon as I hear of your arrival I have stopped 



OF THE BEVOLirnONABT WAB, 4S 

the money yoa desired, which I shall transmit to you at West 

Point. 

Your obedient servant, 

John Pibrok. 
Thomas Rekd, Esq, Albanj. 

lioBunowv, Jan. 12, 1780. 
Dkar Sir : — The money which I received the oth^r day was not 
sofficient to pay the troops fcH* a longer time than the first of Octo- 
ber — which payment has already exhausted the chest. His Excel- 
lency directed me to reserve 300,000 dollars for Mr. Reed, which I 
shall send him in a few days. Had the other million arrived with 
the last, it would have made the troops contented for a considera- 
ble time ; but now November and December must be paid together, 
and I am fearful that the contingencies of clothing, recruiting, <fec., 
will make it necessary that a larger sum than has been requested 
should be sent. I wish, however, to have that forwarded as sooa 
as possible, and to know when I may expect it, that the business 
may be regukted accordingly. 

I am, dr, your obedient servant, 

John Pusros. 
J. BuBRAiz^ Aflst Pay. Gen. 

Mobbhtowii, Jan. 16, 1780. 
Sir : — Bj his Excellency's direction, I have sent in the care of 
Lieutenant Sherman 250,000 dollars, for the use of the troops un- 
der your command, to be delivered to Thomas Reed, Esq., Deputy 
Paymaster-general, who, it is expected, by this time has arrived 
from Albany. If he has not, I should take it as a particular favor 
if the money could be lodged in your care until his arrival. Our . 
necessities are so great that a larger sum could not be sent from 
the depai-tment. It is hoped Mr. Reed has a sum on hand, which 
he wiU bring from Albany; and that both these will be suf- 
ficient to discharge the arrears of the army to the Ist of November, 
the time to which the troops are paid in this department. 
I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

John Poeros. 
Hajor-general Hxath. ) 
' (By lient tjherman.)) 



44 OOBaBBPOin>ENOB OF 0FFI0EB8 

MoausTOWir, Jan. 16, 1189. 

Dear Sib : — By Lieutenant Sherman you will receive 260,000 
dollars, which, with the sum you have already in hand, will enable 
you to pay to the 1st of November, the time to which the troops 
are paid in this department. 

I believe his Excellency expects you to pay on Major-general 
Heath's warrants. I waited on him for directions on that pointy 
and his secretary informed me that the General thought that the 
best mode of proceeding. 

You will note that the subsistence lately given to the army does 
not include militia, who remain yet at 10 dollars. For that reason, 
I have inclosed the abstract and pay-rolls of Colonel Graham's 
regiment, being made out at 100. 

I have advanced 700 dollars to Major Hull, of the 8th Massa- 
chusetts regiment : the order on the Paymaster is inclosed, which 
you will oblige me to receive. 

I have in my hands, for stoppages made for you from Lieutenant 
Betts, 110 dollars. Colonel Regnier, 290 dollars, and Captidn Sack- 
ett 260, which, when you receive Major Hull's, will remain a bal- 
ance of 60 dollars due me. 

I have advanced by his Excellency's warrant 10,000 dollars to 
Ensign Joseph Tucker, Paymaster of the 7 th Massachusetts regi- 
ment, on account of the pay of the regiment, which, when you stop, 
as well as any other money advanced by me, I should take as a par- 
ticular favor to be informed, so that I may^ve the necessary credit 
on my books. I have made a memorandum of the alterations on 
the abstracts of the regiments for which warrants are granted, and 
now inclosed you, that the Paymasters may be acquainted with 
them, and rectify their copies. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHK PlEBOS. 
Tbomas Rxbd, Esq. 

Pat Oftioi, Main Abmt, Jad. 18, l^SO. 
Sm : — I have received an order from Joseph Nourse, Assistant 
Auditor-general, dated the 17th of December, ultimo, wherein he 



OF THE BSTOLUnONAKT WAB. 45 

wniea that the Board of Treasory have directed him to inform the 
Pajmaster-general, that on the settlement of Colonel Donald Camp- 
bell's accounts, late Depnty Qoartermaster-general in the northern 
department, by the auditors at Albany, he stands indebted to the 
United States £553 5». lld^ New York currency, equal to ISSdj} 
dollars, which balance is charged by the Auditor-general to his ac- 
count 

The Board direct that the Paymaster-general forthwith demand 
the same, and make report thereof to the President of the Board : 
in compliance with which I would be much obliged for your an- 
swer, that I may communicate the same agreeable to the above. 
I am, sir, with sentiments of esteem, 

Tour most obedient servant, 

JoHH PixRoi, Dep. Pay. Gen. 
CoL JsDUTHAN Baldwin and ) 
CoL DoiULD Campbell. ) 

M oaaro w w , JtD. 81, 1780. 
Dear Sib : — Yours of the 1 1th I have received. I am sorry you 
have to meet with so many difficulties in procuring money, which 
18 much wanted here, as the chest is entirely empty, and a num- 
ber of regiments remain unpaid for September and October. I am 
now convinced that I shall want another sum forwarded to me be- 
fore November and December can be paid. 

I have made the requisition yon desire on Colonel Donald 
Campbell and Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin. The latter has frvored 
me with an answer, a copy of which I inclose. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pibrok. 
J. BoaaALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Pat Owncm, PmLADXLraiA, Jan. 21, 1780. 
Sib: — I received yours of the 12th inst., and forward you one 
million of dollars, agreeably to your request, under the care of Mr. 
Hunt and others, escorts, which I hope will be sufficient to pay the 
troops for November and December. Mr. Reed has yet a consider- 
able sum on hand, which he will undoubtedly carry to Peekskill 



46 OOSRBSFONDSNOB OF OFFICEB8 

with him. I am not certain how much, but I believe about 
300,000 ddlan. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

jr. BUMLAUU 

John Pdcboi^ Es^ 

MoRRisTowN, Jan. 28, 1*780. 

Sir : — ^Under the care of Captain Williams I send you 60,000 
dollars for the purpose of paying the Continental bounty to men 
enlisted during the war. 

The low state of the chest renders it impossible to part with a 
large sum. November and December being now due, I shall pay 
those months to this department in a few days. Perhaps it would 
be well for you to make an immediate return to Philadelphia for 
what money may be wanting to pay to that time, as you cannot be 
fdrttished with any more from this chest ; and the sum you now 
have, we are fearful, will not be sufficient to discharge all the de- 
mands in the department 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

^ John Pierob. 

Thoxas Ried, Esq. 

Pat Ofvioi, Philadblphia, Jan. 29, 1780. 

Sm : — I wrote you the 22d ult, per escorts, who carried 200,000 
dollars for your department ; and the 7th inst, per express, inclosing 
two drafts — one on the Governor of South Car6lina for 2,000,000, 
and the other on the Commissioners of the Loan Office for 200,000 
dollars ; and likewise an account of money advanced to the troops 
who are on their way to South Carolina. 

I now inclose you copies of two warrants for 360,000 dollare, 
advanced to General Woodford, for which he is to account with 
the Auditors in your department, as directed in the warrants. 

I beg the favor of you to give General Lincoln (or the Command- 
er-in-chief in the department) copies of them, and likewise the 
Auditors for their direction in making the settlement. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

•» ^ « -^ J. BURRALL. 

JoaWB Clay, Esq., Dep. Pay. Gen. 



OF THX BBFOLUnOVABT WAB. 47 

MouuffoWH, F<^ S, 1780. 

Sir : — Inclosed is my aooouDt for January, by which may be 
seen the low state of cash in the cheat There are sereral regi- 
ments yet unpaid^ which will require near 800,000 dollars to com- 
plete the payment, without taking in the addition of clothing and 
other occurrent demands. I wish therefore to haTe 600,000 dollars 
sent me, by which I shall be barely able to satisfy those which are 
the most necessary and most urgent, especially th^ recruiting ser- 
vice ; and, supposing an exchange takes place, some part of pay 
and subsistence of the oflBcers who are prisoners. As I am con- 
rinced the treasury is almost exhausted, it gives me pain to make 
so frequent and large demands for the department ; yet the neces- 
sities of the troops, their sufferings and services, at least claim this 
attention, which makes me hope that this sum- may be also granted 
and forwarded immediately, especially when we consider that it 
.must ^ve a dissatis&ction to one part of the army to remain so far 
behind when the others are paid. There have been several ad- 
Tances by Colonel Palfrey to a James Lyman of the 4th Pennsyl- 
Tania regiment On comparing the payments with each other, it 
appears he must have received twice for the same time. That it 
may be rectified, if a mistake has happened, I inclose you the ac- 
count as it stands on Colonel Palfrey's advances. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Pibbob. 

J. BusEALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

MoREiBTowx, Feb. 8, 1780. 

Sir: — A warrant (No. 4910) for 24,968|| dollars for the pay- 
ment of the 4th Connecticut regiment for November and Decem- 
ber, in favor of Lieutenant Charles Fanning, was lost by him and 
has never been found, since which he got another from his Excel- 
lency of the same tenor, which I have paid. I should be glad, as 
some villain may present it to you for payment, you would detain 
it in your hands. 

I credited the public 300 too much, the 28th of January, for 
money which was received of Captain Moses White, Paymaster to 



48 CX>BBBSPONDRN0B OF OFFIOBBS 

Ck)loDeI Hazen*8 regiment, whicH yon will please to notice, as I 
shall charge the public for it in my next account. 

I have made out an account of adrances against those regiments 
gone to the Southern department The stoppages were never made 
here, as they were never charged in the rolls. Will you super- 
scribe my letter inclosing the account, and forward the same to the 
deputy in that department? 

I wait with sOme impatience to hear from you if any more money 
is soon to be expected. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pisrob. 
J. BuRRALL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

MoBBiBTOWN, Feb. 8, 1780. 
Sir : — Inclosed I transmit you several advances against the regi- 
ments of the Virginia and North Carolina lines, who have lately 
joined your department, for which stoppages are to be made on the 
settlement of their respective accounts. I suppose there are other 
stoppages against those lines ; but as they were not prior to the 
department being placed on the present establishment, I am not 
furnished with the accounts. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, 

John Pibrob. 
Joseph Clat, Esq., Dep. Pay. Gen. 

MoEBiBTOWN, FeK 8, 1780. 
Sir: — I inclose you an account of advances against Colonel 
Moylan's regiment, which remain unsettled. Mr. Henderson, the 
Paymaster of the regiment, disputed the justness of the stoppage 
being made, as he had mislaid the pay-rolls, or left them at Phila- 
delphia, which I conclude by this time he has been able to obtain, 
and the difficulty removed. I have inclosed also an account of 
surplusage of clothing against the second Massachusetts regiment, 
for 1777 ; also a bundle of accounts I received from Mr. Burrall 
last spring for spirits delivered at West Point, and ordered to be 



OF THE EBVOLUnONABY WAB. 49 

stopped by General McDongal ; but as his Excellency never direct- 
ed it to be done, they remain unsettled. 

I remain your obedient servant, 

John Pisrob. 
Tboxab Rbid, £sq-> New Windsor. 

M0KRI8TOWN, Feb. 0, 1780. 

Sir : — ^As I conclude you are detained by business from giving 
us the pleasure of your company in this town, and possibly may 
not have an opportunity this winter, I could wish you would do 
me the favor to send the warrants you have taken up for me by 
8ome careful hand, to whom I will deliver your receipt 

I am about settling my accounts, and can proceed no furthei 
without those vouchers. The difficulty in obtaining money from 
the public treasury has occasioned my chest to be empty the greater 
part of the winter, for which reason I have been asked several times 
at head-quarters if that sum was returned. 

I make no doubt, sir, but yourself and Mrs. Hay are enjo3ring 
every happiness which results from integrity and virtue ; and can 
only add, that none among the circle of your acquaintance wishes 
more than myself for its continuance. You will please to present 
my best regards to your lady, and believe me to be, with sincerity, 

Your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
CoL Vdkwt Hat, Dep. Qr. Mr. OeD., ) 
PeekskilL ) 

Pat Oftiok, Pbiladelpiiia, Feb. 9, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — I inclose you a copy of a letter from Mr. Pierce, 
who requests a further sum of 600,000 dollars to complete the pay- 
ment of the main army to January Ist. I likewise inclose you a 
letter from Mr. Blount, Deputy Paymaster-general in North Caro- 
lina, who is out of cash. Benjamin Harrison, Deputy Paymaster- 
general in Virginia, informs me that his chest is also empty ; but 
the necessities of the two latter seem not to be very pressing. 
I am, gentlemen, with due respect, 

Your veiy humble servant. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. J. Burrall, Ass't Pay. QexL 

8 



60 ' OOBBBSPONDENOB OF OFTlOBSa 

New WorseoB, FtK 18, 1180. 

Dbar Piebcb : — I arrived here the Ist inst, and found at Gen 
eral Heath^s quarters 250,000 dollars, and a few days after I re- 
ceiyed per Lieutenant Williams 60,000 dollars. I have given Gen- 
eral Heath a receipt for the first, and to Lieutenant WUliams one 
for the latter sum. This 800,000 dollars, with what I brought with 
me, is not sufficient to answer all the demands in this quarter. 
However, I will do the best I can, I have made a return to Phila- 
delphia for the sum I think necessary to pay the troops their No- 
vember and December pay, which I expect along in about a fortnight. 

My business is very brisk, therefore you must excuse Uiis scrawl. 
The first leisure shall be more particular, only let me add, and I 
hope you will join me in my prayer, and that is, to implore the 
fates to blast the authors of my removal from Albany. Cursed at 
New Windsor is an equal curse, and I give it to them with all my 
heart 

In haste, I remain yomrs sincerely, 

Thomas Rbsd. 

JOBH PODtOBsEsq. 

Pat Offiob, PAxladkipbia, Feb. 12, 1780. 

Sir : — In the absence of Colonel Palfrey, who is gone to Boston, 
I have regularly received your returns to the last of December. 

I should have answered your questions concerning the subsist- 
ence of the staff of the army, state troops, militia, &c had Con- 
gress enabled me to do it ; but they have not yet extended the 
subsistence, allowed by the resolve of the 18th of Auguat, to any 
but those specified in that resolve, exc^t those mentioned in the 
inelosed list If by the state troops you mean thoee of the six- 
teen battalions, which were raised at the request of General Wash- 
ington, after the eight battalions formed, they are undoubtedly 
entitled to the same tubsistenee as the others. With regard to th« 
militia, I can give no answer. 

Your very humble servant^ 

J. BURRALL. 
'BmsjAMOi SoLLs, Esq. 



OV THE KETOLimOirABT WUL 61 

Pat OmoE, Philadklphta, FeK 14, 1780. 
Sir : — ^I send 70a 500,000 dollaie per Mown. Saxton and Hunt, 
escorts. I likewise send 75 qvrilk, some wax, and the Journals of 
Congress to December 81, 1779. I wrote you yesterday by Mr» 
Hodgdon. 

I am, sir, your obedient senrant, 

J. BimiULLu 
JoHM VsMMifm, Siq. 

Pat Omoi, Philadklphia, Feb. 21, 1780. 
Gentleiisn : — I inclose you a letter from Mr. Reed, Deputy 
Paymaster-general for the troops under the command of General 
Heath, who requests 500,000 dollars to enable him to pay off the 
liO(^ in that department 

I have the honor to be your obedient senrant, 

J. BURRALL. 
Honorable Board of Trwmuj, 

MoRBmowN, Feb. 27, 1780. 
Sir: — ^Yoars of the 18th ult and 6th inst are now before me. 
I am obliged to you fer att^iding to Colonel CampbelFs letter and 
the stoppages. The following expenses for recruiting men during 
the war, I believe you have never had transmitted to you : 

Sept 30, 1779 — ^Paid by Mr. Pierce to Patrick Bennett, for 
recruiting the 4th regiment of light-dragoons, to be ac- 
counted for by Colonel Moylan, $5,000 

Jan. 16, 1780 — ^Paid by ditto to Colonel Benjamin Tupper, 

11th Massachusetts regiment, for recruiting, . . 4,000 

Jan. 7, 1780 — ^Paid by Colonel Palfrey, Paymaster-general, 
to Lieutenant Henry Willis, of the 4th regiment of light- 
dragoons, for recruiting, ...... 4,000 

Jan. 7, 1780 — ^Paid by ditto to Lieutenant Larkin Smith, of 

the same regiment, for recruiting, .... 4,000 

Making in all, $17,000 

I am your obedient servant, 

John Pibrob. 
Wx. BsDLOw, Esq. 



62 OOBBBSPONDENOB OF OFFIOEBS 

MoERiBTOWN, Maroh 1, 1780. 
Sir : — Since mine of the 8th ultimo, I have advanced monej 
to the following persons in your department : 

Feb. 17, 1780 — James Legar, Ist North Carolina regiment, 
for pay and subsistence from March 1, 1779, to January 23, 
1780, being then discharged, $195 

Feb. 28, 1780 — Brigadier-general Hand, for Martin Medder 
and William Earles, privates in the 13th Virginia regiment, 
for pay and subsistence from May 1, 1778, to Nov. 1, 1779, 276 

Feb. 29, 1780 — ^Major Oliver Towles, 6th Virginia regiment, 

a prisoner on parole, on account, 1500 

Making in all $1971 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

John Pxsrob. 
Joseph Clat, Esq., Southern DepartmeDt 

MoRBisTOWN, Maroh 1, 1780. 
Sir : — "By this conveyance you will receive my account current 
for February. I am now preparing to pay the army the two last 
months, which will require 1,600,000 dollars. This sum I wish to 
have forwarded before the end of the present month — ^your particu- 
lar attention to which will oblige 

Your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
J. BuBiULL, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Pat Offioe, Pexlaoilphia, March 1, 1780. 
Gentlemen :— By a resolve of Congress of the 29th May last, it 
was directed that returns should be made to the Paymaster-gen- 
eral of all money which has been advanced for the pay, <kc., of the 
Continental army in the different departments, that the proper 
charges might be made in his books, in pursuance of which most 
of the accounts have been collected. But on examining the gen- 
eral account of payments made by Mr. Trumbull, late Paymaster- 
general in the Northern department, which is lodged in this office. 



OP THE BEVOLUnONABT WAB, 63 

I find it does not in every instance particular! j specify the purpose 

for which the payment was made. I cannot therefore proceed to 

enter them in the Paymaster-generaPs books until I can obtain the 

vouchers to his accounts, which are lodged in the CommiBsioners' 

office at Albany. I must therefore request that the Oonmussioners 

may be directed to forward them to this office as soon as possible. 

A further supply of cash is wanted for this office, as the chest is 

nearly empty, and there are demands on it daily. Two hundred 

thousand dollars will be sufficient. 

I have the honor, gentlemen, to be, with the greatest respect, 

your very humble servant, 

J. BuRRALL, Ass't Pay. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pat Omox, PniLADaLPHiA, March 2, 1780. 
Sir : — I received yours of the 6th ultimo about three weeks after 
the date, and made application to the Board of Treasury for the 
sum you request ; but the treasury being low, I could obtain only 
300,000 dollars, which I send you, under the care of Messrs. White 
and Ch-ay, escorts. I likewise send you some paper and sealing-wax. 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J, BXTBRALL. 

Thos. Bxid, Esq., New Winder. 

PmiADKLFHU, Maroh 14, 1780. 
Sir : — In the absence of Colonel Palfrey, who is gone to Bos- 
ton, I have regularly received your monthly returns to the 81st 
December, 1779, and duly noticed them. Your fevor of the 10th 
ult. to Colonel Palfrey, requesting a supply of money to pay the 
troops under the command of General Scott, did not come to hand 
till yesterday. I laid it before the Treasury Board this day, and 
have not yet had an answer ; but as the treasury is very much ex- 
hausted, and the troops for whose pay you requested it (they con- 
clude) have marched before this time, I rather think they will 
not spare any money for your department at present, as there are 
other demands more pressing. I will let you know as soon as I 
get their answer. 



54 OOBRESPONDSNCB OF OFnCSBS 

I have advanced to Lieutenant Wyatt Coleman, of the Ist Vir- 
ginia State regiment, eight hundred dollars, on aecoont of his pay 
and suhsistence, hj a warrant from the Board of War, which he, or 
the Paymaster of the regiment, is to repay into your hands. Yoo 
will please receive the same and place it to the credit of the United 
States. 

I am your obedient servant^ « 

J. BOBKALU 
Bbnjamih Haebibon, Esq., > 
Dep. Pay. Geo. in Yiiginia. ) 

MoBiOBTOWK, March 18, 1T80. 
GsvTLEMBN : — ^The military chest in the main army being almost 
exhausted, I have to request a further supply of 1,500,000 dollars 
for the purpose of paying the months of January and February, 
which are now become due. I could wish to have this supply as 
early as possible, and shall do myself the honor to wait on the 
Board this morning on the subject. 

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

John Pisrob. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

(endorsed.) 

At a council of war, March 17, 1780 — Resolved, That Jonathan 
Burrall, Esq., Assistant Paymaster-general, do immediately attend 
to the duties of his office in Walnut-street 



Pat Ofiios, Pexladklphia, Mareh 20, 1780. 
Gentlkmkn: — ^Mr. Pierce, Deputy Paymaster-general for the 
main army, informs me 1,600,000 dollars is wanting for the pay- 
ment of the troops for the months of January and February, which 
he requests may be forwarded to him as soon as possible. 
I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect. 
Your obedient servant, 

J. BURRAIX. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 



or TBB BSyOLirnONABT WAB. 6ft 

Pat Orwum, Pbiladblpuia, March 20, 1780. 

Sir : — ^I reoeived your fevor of the 29th January to Colonel Pal- 
frey, acknowledging the receipt of 2,000,000 dollars, and my letter 
of the 22d December, which accompanied it, and inclosing your 
retoTDB for November and December. I have since written you 
twice; one on the 27th of January, by express, inclosing two war- 
rants in your ftivor, and the othttr on the 29th^ by post, which I 
hope yoa have received. 

I now inclose you three warrants of Congress, which I have en- 
dorsed to you ; one of Qeorge Webb, Esq^ Treasurer of the State 
of Virginia, for 1,200,000, another of the Governor of North Caro- 
lina, and the third on the Governor of South Carolina — ^the two 
latter for 900,000 dollars each. The Board of Treasury inform me 
Ihat it k not expected that either of the States have sufficient 
money on hand to discharge the warrant immediately ; but it is 
their intention tiiat the money which is raised in those States for 
the use of the United States, should be applied for the use of your 
department as soon as collected, for which purpose it waa neces- 
sary that you diould have warrants ready ; but it will be useless to 
send for it until you can obtain information of its being ready, 
when you will take such methods to get it forwarded as you shall 
judge most expeifient 

I shall write to the €k>vemor of North Carolina and the Treasurer 
of Virginia, advising them of such warrants being sent you, and 
request them to give you the eariiest notice when the money may 
be obtained, and I should advise you to do the same on your re- 
ceiving the warrants. If any money is advanced by yon to officers 
or others, who are adang in another department, on account of 
their pay, it is expected you will transmit an account thereof to 
the Deputy Paymaster-general of the department to which they 
belong; that he may make the necessary stoppage. It is undoubt- 
edly expected that you should be accountable for the conduct of 
your assistants and clerks who are appointed by you. 

As to the pay that will be allowed them, I can say nothing, as 
no pay is yet fixed for any person in the Paymaster-general's depart- 
ment. As soon as Colonel Palfrey arrives from Boston, I expect. 



56 OOBRBSPONDBNOB OF OFBIOEBS 

this matter will be adjusted — I hope, to the satisfaction of all who 
are employed in the department In the mean time, jou can ad- 
vance your assistants some money on account of their present ne- 
cessities, but not include it in your monthly returns until the pay 
is known. I inclose you a letter from the Deputy Paymaster- 
general of the main army, with his account of money advanced to 
the Virginia troops, who are gone to your department. It is not 
probable that many of the persons charged in his account will 
settle, or be included in any settlement made with you. K any of 
them should, you will please to make the necessary stoppage, and 
credit it to the United States in your monthly accounts. It will 
be necessary to give the auditors an account of the money ad- 
vanced for recruiting. 

It is contrary to an express resolve of Congress that any officer 
should receive pay in two capacities, except additional pay to pay- 
masters, adjutants, quartermasters, brigade-majors, &c. ' 

The infantry of Count Pulaski^s Legion are to receive the same 
pay as cavalry. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 

Joseph Olat, Esq., Southern Department 

Pat Offioe, Philadblphia, March 21 » 1780. 

Sir : — A warrant on your Excellency for 900,000 dollars was 
issued by Congress on the 16th inst, payable to my order, which 
sum is to be transmitted to Joseph Clay, Esq., Deputy Paymaster- 
general for the army under the command of General Lincoln, for 
the use of the military chest in that department As I was in- 
formed by the Board of Treasury that there was not a probability 
of there being a sufficient sum in the treasury of your State to an- 
swer it immediately, I have endorsed the warrant and sent it to 
Mr. Clay, and must beg your Excellency to give him or General 
Lincoln the earliest information when the money or part of it may 
be obtained. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's most obedient servant, 

J. BuRRALL, Ass't Pay. Gen. 
His Excellency Richard Caswell, ) 
Governor of North Carolina. ) 



OF THB BBYOLUnONABT WAB. 67 

PmLADELPBiA, MaToh 25, 1780. 
To the CoDgrew of the United SUtee : 

That your memorialist has been in the service of the United 
States as an Assistant Paymaster-general from the 10th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1776, to 1st June, 1779, since which he has had the honor 
to serve, by an appointment of Congress, as Deputy Paymaster- 
general for the main army. Tour memorialist would beg leave to 
represent that, by reason of the depreciation of the currency, the 
pay, while he was an assistant, became very inadequate to his un- 
avoidable expenses, by which means he has been obliged to in- 
volve himself considerably in debt, and has greatly impaired his 
private fcMTtune ; that the pay and other allowances of his present 
appointments have never been stated either for himself or his as- 
sistants ; but he has served from that time, relying on the justice 
and generosity of Congress to give him the compensation which 
his services may be deemed to merit, taking from time to time 
such sums from the chest as were sufficient to support himself and 
his assistants in their expenses; by means of which he finds, as 
he is now closing the settlement of his accounts, the sum which 
he has taken is so large that he cannot compute the same without 
having the pay of his department stated, that it may be charged 
the public. Your memorialist would beg leave further to request 
that from the particular situation of private afifairs, as well as a 
willingness to retain in the service the gentlemen who have already 
assisted him in the business, a state of uncertainty at this time as 
to the allowances which are to be given the department, will be 
extremely disagreeable. 

Your memorialist would therefore request that the honorable 
Congress would take his case into their consideration, and grant 
him such allowance for his past services as they shall deem proper, 
and affix the pay and other allowances of his department, equal to 
the importance and weight of the business which passes through 
his hands. 

I have the honor to be your most obedient servant, 

John Pisros. 
8» 



88 OOKSBBPOirDBNOB 09 OVROEIS 

Pat Orncs, Philadklphia, March 29, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — I received a line from Mr. darkson, retarniog a 
letter from Benjamin Harrison, Deputy Paymaster-general in Vir- 
ginia, of the 10th of February, and directing me to make an esti^ 
mate of money wanted to pay the troops in Virginia. 

As I do not know how many regiments General SooUfs brigade 
consists o^ I have nothing cartaiB whereoA to found an estimale ; 
but by the best information I can get from the Board of War, it 
consists of three CoatineBtai reghnents ; besides which, tiwie are 
two State regiments, who, on their arrival in Vii^iiaiay were sn^eot 
to the orders of the Govemcur. 

The first of April there will be four months' pay due them, aad 
if the whole five regiments are to be paid by the Contmental Pay- 
masters, it will require 200,000 dollars. 

I have the honor to be your obedient serviuit, 

J* BuABALL, Aas't P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Phtladklfhia, April 6, 1*780. 
Gsntlbmsn: — Understanding that my memorial to Ck>ngre8s, 
which was referred to your Board, has not been reported on, and 
that there is some hesitation as to its being determined upon at 
this time, I thought it might not be improper to lay before you 
some reasons in addition to those in the memorial, which induce 
me to wish to have it settled now^ and the principles which may 
be adopted for that purpose. 

When the Congress made the appointmenta, they directed that 
the Board of Treasury should report the pay ; after which it was 
resolved it should be suspended until the Ist of October last, at 
which time Colonel Palfrey's was stated, and his allowances made 
without mine being fixed ; and having served almost a year vrithout 
any thing, I think it is reasonable that mine should be known. 

My assistants being in the same situation, and on some accounts 
worse, are determined to leave the service unless they can receive 
their pay ; and it is extremely hazardous for me to advance them 
what of right they ought to receive, because, in case it is not al- 



UP THB JIOnrOLUnONASY WAR. 59 

lowed, I most refund it ; and it is as hard for them to serve with 
less than what they ought to have, as they have families to main- 
tain, and their expenses run so high. Hitherto the fluctuation of 
our currency has rendered it improper that any establishment 
should take place ; but now the resolution of Congress of the 18th 
olt has ixed the standard, and the objection that the resolve has 
not yet been adopted by the several States^ I think has no force, 
because that the recommendations of Congress with regard to 
finattces at this time most be complied with, or our public credit 
ceases, and the comaion bond of our union will be dissolved. I 
hope, indeed, there is not a doubt in the mind of any person but 
Ibat it will be complied widi. We ought therefore to act and 
reason from so necessary a principle as granted. The department 
being disconnected from any other, an establishment of the pay of 
it cannot affect the others of the army, as the whole will soon be 
takea up on the same plan. They have, indeed, not the same 
reason to complain : theirs is, while mine never has been, stated. 
The campaign opening very soon, is an additional reason, because 
the duty of the office- will require my presence at camp, and I 
cannot give my attendance here at another time ; and it is ex- 
tremely disagreeable to confine one's self so constantly as the duty 
tf Ike office requires, undergoing the solicitude of mind insepar- 
ably attending tke payment of so much money without knowing 
what are the advantages he shall receive. Indeed, I have a right 
to expect it shall be determined. I think that as several States 
are to noake good the depreciation to their officers, or give some 
other equivalent satisfaction, or lose them, the same justice ought 
to begin to those under Congress, eq>ecially when they have been 
in my situation, who have been so long in the service on a simple 
pay, and had no oUier advantages for a maintenance). I am, in- 
deed, encouraged to expect this from the allowances already made 
to several of tiie officers of Congress. 

Witli regard to ray present pay, I think, as the duty of the de- 
partment is more than twice as large as nearly all the other Dep- 
uties together on the continent, and the same in every other cir- 
cumstance as belonged to the Paymaster-general prior to the 



60 OO&REaPONDENCK OF OFFICEBS 

present establishment^ which is now on a more extensive scale, 
that the pay and other allowances ought to be the same as given 
formerly to the Paymaster-general. 

In order that the fluctuation of the currency may not afiect 
either myself or the public, I believe the most just and proper 
method would be to establish my pay in hard money, which I 
ought to receive in the currency of the United States at the value 
at which the same passes in exchange, or at the rate which shall 
be affixed by Congress. I conclude the late act of Congress states 
it at 40 for 1, at which rate it is very reasonable I should receive 
my pay, though much below the current exchange, as the money 
is considered of that value, and will probably be really so as soon 
as that act shall have an operation. 

The rations of the Paymaster-general before the new arrange- 
ment, as well as of the several Deputies, were six per day. I do 
not apprehend any objection but that mine should be equal wiUi 
theirs. 

The pay and rations of my assistants I wish may go on the 
above principles, being the same reasons for both. I have here 
asked for only the same as has been given before. It is hard for an 
individual to suffer in his private fortune for a depreciation while 
he is in the service. The pay at best is small, but the depreciation 
has made it almost nothing ; and I desire to be placed on the same 
footing in my present pay as those who have gone before me in the 
business, the same service always deserving the same reward. 

The dignity of Congress requires that every c^cer of theirs should 
be on a respectable footing, and what I desire is nothing to what the 
Quartermaster's and Commissary's departments have received. 

I feel myself interested in the determination of your honorable 
Board. My love for the service, and my wishes to promote the 
public good as far as is in my power, make me wish to continue 
in the office, but I cannot, with justice to myself, unless I have a 
generous consideration for my services. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



OF THB BBYOLUTEONA&Y WAB. 61 

Pat Offiqk, Philadxlphia, April 6, 1780. 
Sir : — I have obtained a warrant on George Brook, Esq., treas- 
urer of the State of Virginia, for 100,000 dollars, which I inclose 
to you for the use of your department. I fear you will not be able 
to get the money immediately, but as there is none in the treasury, 
your chest cannot be supplied in any other way. You will please 
acknowledge the receipt of this warrant by the post 
I am, sir, your humble servant, 

J. Bu&RALU 
Beiuamin Harbison, Esq. ) 
Dep. P. M. Geo. in Yirgiida. ) 

Philadklfhia, April 6, 1780. 
Gbntlbmen : — I have received your favor of yesterday desiring 
an estimate of the expenses of the department in my care. There 
are three assistants necessary to transact the business under me. 
Their pay is forty dollars per month, and three rations per day when 
money was good. 

There are some contingent expenses in the department, which, 
as they are not the object of the present inquiry of the Board, are 
not necessary to mention. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

John Pierob. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pat Office, PeiLADBLPmA, April 7, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — I am under the necessity of requesting a supply 
of money for the military chest at West Point The troops in that 
department have pay due them from the 1st of November, and the 
last sum of 300,000 dollars which was sent there will be chiefly 
expended in paying the arrears of clothing and bounty to men 
who have enlisted " for during the war." 

It will require at least 800,000 dollars more to pay the troops to 
the last of February. 

I have the honor, gentlemen, to be your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



62 OOBKEBFOKDmKm OF OFFIOBB6 

Philadelphia, April 9, 1780. 

Gentlemen : — I imagine there will be about seven millions of 
dollars expended in my department for the present year. The 

army being diminished, it will not take so much hereafter. 

per cent will l)e little enough for the maintenance of myself and 
assistants, with two rations per day for myself and one for each of 
the assistants, and keeping for my horses. 

The public, I expect, will provide the incidental charges of the 

department, such as expenses, transportation, necessaries for the use 

of the office, ^. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

John Pie&os. 
Honorable Bo«rd of TroMory. 

Philadelphia, April 10, 1780. 

Sir : — I have unfortunately been detained here much longer 
than I expected, and without the consolation of success in my busi- 
ness. On my arrival, I made a return for a million and a half of 
dollars to pay the army for January and February, and have re- 
ceived only 600,000 dollars, being the whole that was in the 
treasmy I This sum I have now forwarded, as I am informed the 
Maryland division are marching, and will probably want their pay. 

I am sorry that I have no reason to expect a further sum in any 

short time. I shall have the pleasure to breathe camp air in a few 

days. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
GoL R. H. Haeboon. 

Pat OinoE, Philadelphia, April 12, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — Captain Schott, who commands an independent 
corps stationed at "Wyoming, is waiting in town for their pay, which 
is due from September last, and amounts to more than I have on 
hand. Having lent Mr. Carleton 40,000 dollars at the request of 
the Board of War, I have been in daily expectation of receiving it 
from him, which would have prevented this application, but he now 
informs me that there is no probability of his being able to repay 



Of THB BBVOLimONART WAR, M 

it soon. I must therefore request the honorable Board to grant a 
irarrant for 60,000 for the use of the chest at this place, there be- 
ing several other demands besides Captain Schott's. But if that 
sura cannot be spared, I should be glad of 20,000 dollars, which 
will be sufficient to pay him. I hope this last sam at least may 
be obtained, as Captain Schott's retnming without the money 
would occasion much uneasiness in the corps, who have six months* 
pay due ; aud the expense of another journey from Wyoming would 
be considerabte. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL, A. P. M. Qeju 
Honorable Bourd of Treasury. 

PmLAOELTBu, April 18, 178a 
Gentlbmen: — I would beg leave to obeerve to the honorable 
Committee of Congress that the pay of the Deputy Paymaster- 
generak at first was 50 dollars per month and 6 rations, equal to 
a ColoneFs; that in January, 1777, a ColonePs pay being raised to 
75 dollars, the Deputies were made the same. As the deprecia- 
tion continued in that year the pay was enlarged. The ideas of 
Congress, I conclude, were to keep the pay and other allowances equal 
to a Colonel's, and which is perhaps the most just and proper mode 
to be established now ; but as the office which I now hold was not 
then created, a new rule ought to be adopted in my case. On in- 
quiry into the duty and importance of the office, you will find it 
the same, in every circumstance, as formerly fell to the share of 
the Paymaster-general ; and I would ask if nearly the same allow- 
ances as were formerly given him ought not to be made me ? His 
pay at first was 100 dollars per month ; some time in 1777 it was 
raised to 150. Cannot that serve as a foundation to reason from ? 
And is it not reasonable that the same duty should receive the 
same reward ! 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, 

John Pisrob. 
Hon. Cknmnittee of Congreaa. 



64 OOBSB8PONDBNOB OF OFFIOEB8 

Philadklphia, April 22, 1780. 
Gbntlbmen : — If the regiments in the service will hereafter be 
as strong as they have been, their pay will be about 3,000 dollars 
a month, and their present subsistence about 7,600 dollars. The 
Maryland line being marched, there remains in the maine army 35 
regiments. As to the contingencies of the department, it is im- 
possible to determine the sum which will be paid, as they depend, 
except the pay of the General Staff, on unforeseen circumstances. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pubob. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pat Oftigi; Philadelphia, April 27, 1780. 

Gentlkmbn : — ^The Board of War have directed me to make ap- 
plication for 230,000 dollars to pay two warrants which they have 
drawn on me this day ; one in favor of Major-general Baron De 
Kalb for 200,000 dollars, for the purpose of defraying the expenses 
of the Maryland troops on their march to the southward, and the 
other in favor of Major Lee for 30,000, to defray the expenses of 
his corps. 

These warrants the Board of War desire may be paid as soon as 
possible, that the troops may not be delayed in marching. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 

Honorable Board of Treaanry. 

Pat Offiox, Philadxlphia, May 8, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — I have lately received a letter from Mr. Boreman, 
Deputy Paymaster-general at Fort Pitt, requesting a further supply 
of cash to pay the troops in his department. There are at that post 
two regiments and three independent corps, the monthly pay of 
which will amount to about 30,000 dollars. The troops are so 
much in arrears that 150,000 dollars will be necessary to pay them 
to the usual time, and I must request you will report a warrant for 
that sum. The Board will also be pleased to report a warrant in 
my favor for 600,000 dollars to answer the drafts of the Board of 



OF TUS BEVOLUnONASY WAR. 65 

War. There are now lying in my office two drafts fix)m them ; 
one in favor of the Baron De Kalb for 200,000 dollars, and another 
in favor of Major Lee for 30,000 dollars. These sums are greatly 
wanted to forward the march of the troops destined for Carolina. 

I would also beg leave to repeat my request that the Board would 
take some effectual measures that I may be furnished with the ac- 
counts and vouchers which have been settled by the Deputy Pay- 
master-general, and lodged in different offices, without which it will 
be impossible for me to complete the public books in the manner 
prescribed by the resolve of Congress passed May 29, 1*1*19. I am 
particularly in want of the vouchers of Mr. Trumbull's accounts, 
which were settled with the Commissioners at Albany, and lodged 
in their office. These gentlemen have been repeatedly applied to, 
but have constantly refused to send them, by which means the busi- 
ness of my office has been retarded and great loss may accrue to 
the public by the Auditors of the Army not being seasonably sup- 
plied with the proper accounts, which cannot be completed until all 
the vouchers necessary for forming them are deposited in my office. 

I would further beg leave to submit to the Board the propriety 
of continuing a Deputy at the two posts of Rhode Island and Boa- 
ton. There are no Continental troops at the latter place except a 
few invalids, and at the former only a few State troops. The distance 
between Providence and Boston being only forty-five miles, one per- 
son could certainly do the business of the whole. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant, 

J. BURRALL. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

HoBiuBTOWN, May 6, 1780. 

Sir : — I arrived here yesterday evening, nothing material occur- 
ring on my journey. I find the greatest want of money among 
the officers and soldiers, and could wish for the satisfaction that 
exertions may be made to obtain a supply. By the estimate an- 
nexed, you will see what sum will be sufficient to pay from the Ist 
of January to this day, being at least 1,500,000 dollars. 

Perhaps some favorable circumstance may enable you to obtain 
the money, which I would forward as soon as possible. 



66 OOBRE8POKDBNOB OF OFFIGKB8 

Estimate of paj and subeistenoe of the main army from Januarj 
1 to May 1, 1780. 

35 regiments at 11,000 fori months, . . . 1,640,000 
Contingencies will amount to 150,000 

1,690,000 
Balance remaining on hand, per acooont ren- ^ 

dered for April, 828,621 

Money paid to the Quartermasteivgeneral's 
department, by his Excellency's desire to 
be reiomed, 80,022 

19*^,699 

Wanting to pay the army « « « 1,492,301 

I am, sir, with respect and esteem, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce, 
Wk. PALnuET, Esq., P&yllla8te^g«ne^d. 

Pat OrnoM, Philadklphia, May 9, 1780. 

Gentleman : — Agreeably to the direction of the honorable Board, 
signified by the Secretary, I now inclose you an estimate of the sum 
necessary for the pay of the army to the period you mention, as nearly 
as I can ascertain it from the information I have received of their 
numbers. The Board perhaps are not informed that the returns of 
the army do not come officially before me, neither can I procure them 
fix)m the Board of War, unless by a positive resolve of Congress for 
the purpose. Therefore all estimates furnished by me must be very 
vague and uncertain. The order on the Loan Office in Boston 
cannot be procured in lees than three weeks or a month, even if 
the money should be ready there, and I should be very glad to be 
informed by your honorable Board in what manner and under what 
escort it is to be sent to camp. 

I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your obedient 
servant, 

William Palfkby, P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 



OF THE BUVOLUnOirABT WAB. 67 

Pat OmoB, PBiiJiDBLrmA, Maj 10, 1780* 

Sib : — ^Inclosed I send jon a draft on John Lawrence, Eeq^ tre«»- 
arer of the State of Connecticut, for 864,836 dollars, to pay the 
arrears of the troops in jour department The great difficulty of 
obtaining money has been the occasion of this supply being de- 
layed. I therefore hope you will lose no time in getting the 
amoBnt of this draft from Oonn^oticut. 

In the month of February you made a stoppage from the ?th 
Massachusetts regiment, the amount of which, nor the person by 
whom advanced, do not i^pear on your returns, which mode of 
stopping is directly contrary to your instructions. Instead of de- 
ducting from the pay-rolls and charging the balance, you should 
charge the whole pay-roll, and give credit for the stoppage made. 
This rule you will please strictly to observe in future. 

I am sorry that I am obliged to frequently to complain of your 
want of punctuality in forwarding your monthly returns. You are 
now in arrears for March and April, which I beg you will send by 
the first opportunity. I am very confident that the business of your 
office is not so great as to prevent you making your returns regu- 
larly at the end of every month. 

I beg you will present my compliments to Mr. Bedlow and his 
worthy family. It has not been in my power to send him the red 
eaJke-ink he requested. 

I am, sir, your most humble servant, 

WlIXIAM PAUrBXT. 
Thomas Rkbd, Esq, i 

Dep. P. M. Gen., New Windsor. J* 

Pat OFTias, Fwiladklphia, ICay 11, 1780. 

Gbntuembk: — Mr. Hillegas is indebted to me 10,000 dollars, 
balance of a warrant granted in my favor for the purpose of an- 
swering the drafts of the Board of War. He has just informed me 
that there are 16,000 in the hands of Mr. Smith, Continental loan 
officer, arising from the sale of bilk of exchange, which he cannot 
appropriate to the payment of my balance without the particular 
direetion of your honorable Board. 

As the money is extremely wanted for the purposes ht Irkich it 



68 OOBBESFOHDBNOE OF OFFI0EB8 

was granted, I must request you will be pleased to give Mr. Hille- 
gas directions accordingly, and I am, with the greatest respects, 
gentlemen. 

Your obedient servant, 

William Palfrby, P. M. Gen. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. ^, 

Pat Ofhob, Pheuldblphia, May 18, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — ^The Secretary of your honorable Board acquaint- 
ed me that warrants have been reported in my fevor for 2,000,000 
dollars, accompanied with a request that I would "• inform them 
when it shall be in my power relative to their payment." As thd 
Board have not acquainted me with the particular offices or States 
on which the warrants are drawn, it is out of my power at present 
to give a proper answer to the question. I will do myself the honor 
to wait on the honorable Board at 12 o'clock, and give them all the 
information in my power. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant^ 

William Paltret. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Pat Ofhox, Philadxlfhia, ICay 14, l^Sa 
Sir : — Inclosed you have sundry warrants, with which you are 
to immediately proceed to the several offices and apply for payment. 
When you receive the money, you are to return with the same to 
camp, and deliver to John Pierce, Esq., Deputy Paymaster-general 
there, one million of dollars. The remainder you are to deliver to 
me at this office. If you should not be able to procure payment 
for the whole of these warrants, you will get as much as you pos- 
sibly can, and proceed with it to camp, keeping a particular ac- 
count of what part you do receive, which must be endorsed on the 
warrants. You will take triplicate receipts from Mr. Pierce for 
whatever sum you pay him. 

As the army is greatly in want of the money, I would recom- 
mend to you to use all possible dispatch, and I am 
Your obedient servant^ 

Wm. Palfbst, p. M. Oen. 
Mr. Jaebd Saxxdn, esoort 



OF THB REVOLUnOHABT WAB. 69 

Pat Owwtxm, FlBiiADBnaA, lUj 15, 178a 
Sm : — ^I bare just received from the honorable President of Con- 
gress a draft on jonr office for the purpose of paying the army, 
which I shall forward to-morrow by an escort As the troops are 
greatly in arrears, and the money very much wanted, I thought it 
necessary to give you this notice, that seasonable provisions may be 
made, and the messenger meet with no detention. 

I am, sir, with great esteem, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrst. 
To John Lawkkxoi, Treftsnrer of CoDnecticut — 296,42I*Vh. 
Hkket OAEDicn, " Massacliosetts Bay-<-480,00a 
GotA&Dus BAifKKsa, " New York— 287,888. 
Joseph Clabk, Gommisnoner of the OontineDtal Loan Office, Rhode 

Island— 888,91 2*^/,o. 
His Excelleoey, Preeident of the Supreme Executive Ck>unoil of the 
CommoDwealth of Penneylvania — 847,888. 

Pat Omoi, Main Asmr, May 15, 1780. 

Sir : — ^Inclosed is a copy of an answer from Colonel Donald 
Campbell, to a reqaisition made by me in consequence of an order 
for that purpose from the Board of Treasury, for a balance due from 
him to the United States. 

I have waited on General Greene on the subject of wheelwrights' 
8t(H*e8, who altogether refuses to do any thing in the matter. He 
says the business, being transacted before his appointment, roust be 
settled with Colonel Chase, and included in his accounts while un- 
der General Mifflin. I have therefore inclosed the papers, as they 
will be of no further service here. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Fierce. 
Gol. Wx. Palfrst, P. M. Geo. 

Pat Ofnci, BIain Abxt, May 19, 1780. 
Sir : — The Maryland line and several other regiments having 
marched from the main army for the southward, I inclose you sev- 
eral charges against them, for which stoppages or settlements ought 
to be made. In case any of the regiments do not fall into your 



70 OOSI«U*QMraNOV OF OFFIOnS 

department) it may, perbafM, be proper for you to transmit the 
charges to the Deputy Paymaster^neral in whose department 
they are paid. 

I am, sir, your obedient senranti 

JOHK PlSBOX» 
Joseph Clat, Esq., \ 

Dep. Pay. Gen., South Carolina. ) 

Pat Omoi, Maw Abmt, May tO, I78a 
Sir : — ^In your absence, I transmitted to Mr. Clay an account 
against the Virginia regiments, and now inclose you a letter, in 
which is contained the charges against the Maryland line and the 
other regiments marched to the southward. I have left it open that 
you may give such directions with them as yon think proper, and 
would be obliged that you would seal and forward it. 

My presence with the army occasions me the unhappiness of my 
seeing and hearing their wants, and makes me urge the matter of 
money. There are gentlemen now waiting with warrants sufficient 
to take off the sum Colonel Pickering has negotiated, which I wish 
may come soon. I am tired of seeing their faces. The army be- 
ing so long in arrears, and the campaign about commencing, I hope 
will be deemed sufficient reasons to attend to us. I am convinced 
of the utter impossibility of getting more money ; but, however, 
hope that some unforeseen circumstances may enable you to do it 
I am, with respect, your most obedient servant, 

John Pibbob. 
CoL "WiL P^LTBiT, P. 11 Gen. 

Pat Omoi^ Pbiladklphia, May 24, 1780. 
Sir : — ^Tour several &vors of the 6th and 7th inst came duly 
to hand, and no time was lost in making the proper applications 
for a supply of money for the use of your department ; but such is 
the great scarcity of that now valuable article, that I have not been 
able to procure one farthing for the many warrants which have 
been passed by Congress in my favor. I have done every thing in 
my power to obtain it, and have sent expresses to the Eastern Stipes 
to collect all that can be got there, which I have ordered to be fc»^ 



OP THl WBVOfUmOKMXW WAB. 71 

warded on to joxl I have likewlte a proapect of oblaimiig 200,000 
doIlarB here in the course of ten days or a fortnight, but not sooner. 

It gives me real pain that any obstruction should arise in the 
supplies of my department; but such is the exigence of the times 
that it cannot be avoided. When the wheels of the new system 
lately adopted by Congress are set in motion, I am in hopes the 
pay and supplies of the army will run on as smoothly as hereto- 
fore. In the mean time, that patience and perseverance which has 
formed so shining a part of their character must be exercised a few 
weeks longer. 

I beg you will present my most respectful compliments to his 
Excellency, and acquaint him with the contents of this letter, and 
assure him at the same time that no exertions of mine shall be 
wanting to forward on the supplies the moment, they can be ob- 
tained. 

I am, with real esteem, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey, P. M. Qeiu 

JoHM PixBOB, Esq., D. P. H Gen. 

MoBBiBTOwir, May 29, 1780. 
Sir : — ^By the bearer, Captain Machin, you will receive one box, 
containing five smaller boxes, which I received from the Treasury 
Board, and by the advice of the Committee of Congress now send 
to your care, to be forwarded as speedily apd as safely as possible 
— you getting receipts for them on delivery. The boxes are di- 
rected to, — ^Mr. Lawrence, Loan OflSce, Hartford, Conn. ; Mr. Apple- 
ton, Loan Office, Boston, Mass. ; Mr^ Clark, Loan Office, Providence, 
R. I. ; Mr. Yates, Loan Office, Albany, N. Y. ; Mr. Gilman, Loan 
Office, Exeter, N. H. 

I am, sir, with esteem, your obedient servant, 

John Pikrok* 
CoL Udht Hat, j 

Bep. Qr. Mr. Gen., at FishkilL S 

MoBsiaTowir, May 29, 1780. 
Received of John Pierce, Deputy Paymaster-general, one box, 
centainii^ five smaller boxes, said to contain public books from the 
Treasury Office, which I am to deliver to Colonel Hay, Deputy 



72 0ORBE8PONDENOE OF OFFTOEHS 

Qaartennaster-general at Fishkill, having signed two receipts for 

the same. 

Thomas Machin. 

Pat Omoi, Philadklphia, May 80, 178a 

Gentlemen : — ^A friend of mine has written to me to procure him 
about 9000 dollars in bills of exchange on Spain — the money for 
which he will pay at ten days' sight ; and at the present rate of 
exchange will produce 360,000 dollars, and may be delivered in 
camp in thirty days after the bills are sent from here. In the 
present scarcity of cash and necessity of the army, I thought it my 
duty to communicate this matter to your honorable Board, and to 
request you will be pleased to report a warrant in my favor on the 
Continental Loan Office in this city, and direct that the same may 
be paid in bills of exchange on Spain. 

I am, with the utmost respect, your obedient servant, 

William Palfrey, P. M. Gen. 

Honorable Board of Treasury. 

MoBRiSTowir, Jane 1, 1780. 

Sir : — ^Yours of the 24th ult. I have received, and am sorry there 
are so many obstacles in obtaining money, which no exertions of 
ours, I am sensible, will be able to overcome. By this conveyance 
you will receive my monthly account for May. The balance which 
appears to be on hand has been paid to his Excellency's directions 
for discharged men, and to officers on account, in the manner as in 
inclosed memoranda, which I shall deduct from the warrants on 
payment. 

The 200,000 dollars you mention to be sent will be well not to 
have known to any person when it jcomes, as it will not answer in 
any measure towards the payment of the troops, and his Excellency 
will apply it to some particular purpose. 

We are fearful from the accounts from New York that Charleston 

is in the hands of the enemy. The country on the Mohawk River 

is destroyed by the Indians. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
CoL Palf»«t, p. M. Gen. 



OF THK SEVOLirnOKABY WAB. 73 

LomntT Offiox, PmuuyKLPHiA, June 26, 1780. 
Sir : — We are particalarly called upon by the Treasury for a 
state of the lottery, in order to ascertain the cash lodged in the 
different loan offices. 

We therefore request you will furnish us as soon as possible with 
a complete state of your account for all the three classes, inclosing 
us Youchers for tickets delivered the Governor and President, and 
for cash paid to the Loan officer, which will enable us immediately 
to comply with the above requisition of the Treasury. 

The prize lists will be furnished in a few days, when we shall, 
¥nthout loss of time, forward them, with the necessary directions 
for completing the fourth class, which we expect daily from Congress. 
Your obedient humble servants, 

Joseph Bullock, 



John Poboi, Esq. 



K, ) 



Pat Offiob, Main Abmt, July 18, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — ^Tours of the 26th ult, requesting me to furnish 
a state of my account for the three classes, and iuclose you the 
vouchers, I have received. In regard to the two first classes, I have 
already made a settlement in your office with Mr. French, and de- 
livered him my accounts and vouchers. The third class I send an 
account of inclosed. As those unsold were delivered to your office 
at Philadelphia, and the money I received for those credited by me 
in my account with the public, I have not forwarded you the vouch- 
ers. It will oblige the army to have Uie prize lists sent on as soon 
as possible. 

The Managers of the United States Lottery, 

In account ioith John Pierce, 

To 346 tickets unsold and delivered at their lottery, Mareh 

20, 1780, Dollars 10,380 

To cash received for sale of tickets, .... 42,542 

To 1 ticket, Na 4248, which drew 500 dollars in 2d class, 

taken in tickets io 3d class, ^00 

4 



74 OOBXESPONBBNOS OF OlVfOEBS 

To 12 tickets, which drew 80 dollan each in 2d class, re- 
newed in dd class, S60 

To ^ per oent fbr sale of 1454 iiek^ta^ .... 218 

Dollars 54,000 
ORKDrr. 

By 1800 tickets of the 8d class^ received for sale at 90 dollars, 54,000 

I am, gentlemen, with respect^ jonr obedient servant, 

John Pierob. 
Managers U. & Lottery. 

Ijaumm, Jaly M^ lltOc 
Sir : — Agreeably to yonr reqnest, I have examined my brother, 
the late Commissary-general's books, and find nothing charged to 
yon for rations due before the Ist of January, 1777. Without 
more formality, I suppose this will be a snfiScient certificate with 
the Paymaster-general. 

With much sincerity of regard, I am, dear sir, 
Tour inost obedient servant^ 

Jonathan Trumbitli^ Jr» 
CoL John Lamb, of Artillery^ FiaUdIL 

Pat Oftiob, Hain Axmt, July tO, ITMi 
Sir : — By this conveyance you wiU receive my account current 
for June, which, hj reason of our moving situation^ I was not able 
to send you sooner ; also my accounts &r March, April, May, and 
June, and a general account current from my appointment to the 
beginning of this month, which complete a year's vouchers delivered 
your office. I wish to have an examination and settlement of them 
entered into, and the necessary ac^mttsDce transmitted to me, if 
the whole are found just and proper. I have also inclosed a bundle 
of vouchers belonging to Mr. Reed, which I think unnecessary to 
kizard any bnger at camp. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant^ 

John Pierok. 
Wm. PaiiVrbt^ Es^ P:B1 Oen. 



or na BKyoLtrnoHAKT wab. 75 

Fmmxmeill, Angoflt 1, 1780. 

Sir : — I wrote you the 25th ult, since which I have received the 
last sum of money, and reoenpted fbr it to-day. I had not time to 
complete ooonting it before the march of the army. Some of it was 
witboat any bills, and very much confused. The General has al- 
ready taken between six and seven hundred thousand dollars from 
the chest for the use of the Quartermaster-general^s department. 
Nothing that could be said in the matter would have any effect 
The service, they said, at head-quarters required it, and Congress 
either would not or could not supply that department as they ought. 
Probably more will be taken from me for the same purpose. It yet 
appears to me that some part of the army may refuse taking the 
money. 

The Pennsylvania line desire to have their depreciation made up, 
and that at 60 instead of 40 for 1, and to receive money that other 
people will takejrom them^ and m 9uch quantities that it may an- 
9ioer some purpose. Nothing but the GeneraPs order would induce 
some of the regiments to take it. The 1000 I found as you say, 
I have included in my receipt You mention that some of this 
money is to be particularly appropriated for the subsistence of the 
army. I suppose it is intended to make out the abstracts as former- 
ly where the pay is included with it They are now made out in 
that manner, and cannot be separated ; and indeed I do not see the 
necessity of it 

All our Continental troops are now joined. The Jerseys and 
West Point are to be defended by militia. We are proceeding to- 
waitls New York, and probably may make an attack on it It is 
now but thinly garrisoned. If it is not attended with success, at 
least the march of our army that way will recall the enemy back 
from New England. I find the New England regiments are very 
much strengthened by recruits. 

We shall certainly want more money, and hope you will be able 
to obtain it The army being so large now, it will take a greater 
sum than was at first imagined. The importance of the campaign 
requires that the General should be supplied with money for exi- 
gencies, or perhaps operations may entirely, cease. 



76 OORBESPONDENOB OF OFFIOESB 

I am out of quills, and will be much obliged to have some for- 
warded me. 

I am, sir, jour most obedient servant, 

John Pderob. 
GoL WiL PiLRun, P. IL Gen. 

Tappan, August 11, 1780. 

Sir : — Our almost constant movement occasions a delay in my 
returns. I have at last made out the one for July, which is in- 
closed. By the returning escort, I send you some bundles contain- 
ing my own and Mr. Reed's vouchers, which I hope you have re- 
ceived. Our army arrived here on Tuesday last We are throwing 
up a work or fort at Dobb's Ferry, possibly to secure a communica- 
tion there, and fix one step further towards New York. 

General Arnold has a large garrison of militia at West Point ; 
and on the approach of the French towards New York, we shall 
undoubtedly have a very large army. This points out the neces- 
sity of being well supplied in cash. It would be better to have 
something valuable ; but as that cannot be the case, I wish to see 
the shadow of it 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pibbob. 
CoL WiL PALTEinr, P. IL Gen. 

Camp Orahoetown, Aug. 18, 1780. 

Sir : — My department being the only one in the staff composed 
by gentlemen from the State of Connecticut, and under circum- 
stances in which we cannot procure more supplies than what are in 
common with the army, at the same time partaking with them in 
the same service, with their discouragements and disadvantages, 
makes me desire to draw from the State a portion of those refresh- 
ments and supplies forwarded the army. In case no depreciation is 
made up to us by the State, I will refund the amount of what is re- 
ceived in the same proportion with other oflScers. This method, I 
conceive, will be attended with no ill consequences, as there is no 
other person with the army who can claim it as a precedent 

Jiustice points out the propriety of the States dealing out her 



OP THJB BKVOLUnONABY WAB. 77 

ben^ts with some liberality to all her children who are eqoaUj de- 
senriDg. 

By Mr. Lyttle's desire, I write you on the subject, who thinks 
yon will be able to give the necessary order for the purpose. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Jomr Pmos. 

Mr. HUBBABS^ ) 

State Steve-keeper, Oonneotioiit ) ^ 

Oamp, Sept 1, 1190. 

Sib : — ^Yonrs of the 4th ult came to hand yesterday, and I am 
much obliged for the quills, as I want them exceedingly. The 
money was taken for the Quartermaster-general when the British 
were gone eastward, and our moving for New York. The exertions 
of that department were then indispensably necessary, and having 
no other resource, his Excellency was obliged to draw from the 
cheat, or the army must have halted. 

In the list of payments made by you, I observe two advances 
said to be made in April, one to Lieutenant Bigham, and the other 
to Lieutenant Bevins — similar accounts of the same date I have re- 
ceived from you before. I suppose there has not been two advances 
of the same kind to them in this month. I wish Mr. Audibert 
would put down the regiments the persons belong to to whom yon 
make advances, as there are several in this last account that I can- 
not tell where charges ought to be made. 

I have paid the army as far as the money has gone for January, 
February, and March ; my cash is now exhausted, and I want about 
400,000 dollars to complete the payment The army would not 
receive it but on account, which was accordingly entered into the 
warrants to be so, agreeable to a resolve of Congress of the 10th of 
April last Many of the regiments being mustered for a longer 
time than the 1st of April in one roll, a separation could not be 
made. in this case. The General directed me to include the whole 
in one warrant, and give the Paymaster a certificate for the sum 
over the 1st of April to be paid with the rest of the army, which 
ia the reason that the balance in the inclosed account cnirent for 



7S OOBBESPOlfDEBrCB OF 0FVI0EB8 

August appears to be in my fa¥or. I hare called for the pay-rolls 
and abstracts of the army up to the Ist of August, for examinatioii, 
which will be completed for payment in a few days. 

I wish that there is a possibility the money may be obtained, as 
we shall then complete the time the army are to be paid in this 
money — and the army will now receive it Perhaps waiting a 
longer time will raise another broil, which will not be so easily 
appeased as the late one. 

I send you by Colonel Forrest 632| dollars of Maryland, Penn- 
sylvania, and Delaware money, which came with the last you sent. 
Ab it will not pass here, I would be obliged to you to reoeive or ex- 
change it for other money. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pisboe. 
To the FaymaBter-geDeraL 

Hagkevsaok, Old Bbidqb, Sept. 10, 1780. 

Bib : — ^With my last monthly account, I requested a further sum 
to complete my payments to the 1st of April, since which several 
unexpected demands have appeared, and will require more to dis- 
charge them than what I then imagined. Indeed, I hope no ob- 
stacle will arise to prevent your obtaining a sufficiency for the 
payment of the army to the 1st of August, when it seems the mil- 
lennium of our currency is to take place. 

Some time last year I received your orders not to pay Mr. 
McMordie, of the Pennsylvania troops, any longer, as Mr. Rogers 
was appointed Chaplain to the third brigade. Mr. McMordie, in 
July last, received an appointment to the first brigade, and now 
requests his pay as Chaplain to the 11th regiment, from the time 
his pay was stopped to his new appointment, which regiment I sup- 
pose he never saw during that time, nor indeed labored very much 
in any vineyard towards gathering into the sheepfold. I have not 
paid him until I can know where he was discharged from the regi- 
ment, or I have some frirther direction in the matter. 

Mr. Reed was with me to-day, who, being unable to maintain 
himsei^ wishes to leave the service. As the money which has yet 



OF THB SEYOLUTKUrABY WAB. 79 

ptased UuxMigh mj hands baa not been balf 8o£Scient to defray the 
charges of the department, much less must be coming to him. 
Nothing would have induced me to continue, but the hopes that 
the armj would be paid in better money, by which the per cent 
allowed me would be more valuable. K that is not the case, I must 
leave the department considerably in debt to the public. I wish 
OoBgveas thonght with me, that it is their interest to be generous 
to their honest and fidthful servants. Can there be a greater in- 
ducement to a person to be dishonest, than to find amidst his sacri- 
fices that ke is denied the Bieans of appearii^ in character^ and 
maintaining himself like a gentleman f 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOHM PllROS* 

OoL Wm. Paimbt, P. If. GUa. 

Haiw—sjcw, Oud Bsibgs, Sept 15, 1780. 

Sir: — Since the derangement of the Mustering Department there 
have been no pereons pointed out by Congress for the performance 
of that d«ty, aor any reward given the officers who have done it 
by the desire of the General ; the consequence of which is, that 
the troops have been mustered in a very irregular and imperfect 
manner, and the advantage arising from the musters, being a 
^eck to the pay-rolls, is almost wholly lost I wish, sir, that you 
would represent the matter, that some persons may be particularly 
pointed out by Congress, who wiH conuder it as theur inclination 
and duty to transact the business oi the department 

The army being to be paid in the new money after the 1st of 
last month, I am at a loss what allowance is to be given many of 
the officers, particularly the extra pay and subsistence to aides, 
brigade-majors, inspectocs, paymasters, adjutants, clothiers, quar- 
termasters, Ac ; also the pay of surgeons and surgeons' mates, all 
which has been stated after the Ist January, 1777. Indeed, I wish 
to have the pay of the whole army sent me, which I want now, as 
the pay-rolls and abstracts cannot be made out before this is known, 

I have sent Mr. Burrail all the receipts I have taken up of yours, 
amounting to 10,072 dollars ; the balimce due me is 5,472 dollars. 



80 00SBE8P0NDEN0E OF 0FFICBB8 

Money being so much wanted in the department, makes me wish 
you to pay him that sum on his delivering up the receipts. I have 
inclosed you a list of what remains behind. As some of the regi- 
ments are at the southward, it is impossible that I should be able 
to keep up the whole. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant^ 

John Pisbok. 
CoL Wjl PiLnm, P. M. Gen. 

OmAHGcrowir, Oet 8, 17 8a 
Sir : — Since that of the 11th of August I have not been honor- 
ed by any of yours. On my part I have written you the 11th of 
August, and the Ist, 10th, and 15th ult, which I should be happy 
at least to have acknowledged, that in case of failure I may ¥rrite 
again. Inclosed you have my accounts for September. My situa- 
tion is very unhappy, on account of the want of money in the 
army. 

I am, sir, with respect and friendship, yours^ 

John Pierok^ 
CoL WiL Palibxt» p. M. Gea 

Fat OFncx, liAor Aext, Nov. 1, 1780. 
Sir : — I returned yesterday from a short furlough, but unfortu- 
nately missed your letter which was forwarded for noe. I am sorry 
you meet with so many difficulties in obtaining the money for the 
army, and I can assure you their uneasiness increases, which will 
produce in a few days a remonstrance to Congress. I am happy, 
however, they do not think the blame lies in your department, but 
believe they attribute it to the right source. You will note thai 
there is due more than 400,000 dollars to several regiments for 
January, February, and March ; that the pay and subsistence of the 
whole army, as well as contingencies, are due in old money after 
that time to the 1st of August ; and that the army have some rea- 
son to expect that two months pay may be advariced in the new 
money after that time ; all of which, if received soon, will make 
them contented and happy, but the want of it will probably have a 



OF THE BEVOLUnONABT WAB. 81 

very contrary effect. I mentioned to jou, some time sinoe, a desire 
to have the pay of the army, as it stands since 1st of August, sent 
me, which I wish may be done soon, as well as any other directions 
in the making out of the rolls, that I may bring up my examina- 
tions since that time ready for payment. It is with pleasure I see 
the late arrangement of Congress adopted by the army with cheer- 
fulness, and am persuaded we shall be ready long before the Ist of 
January to drop into the settled form. The officers who retire will 
expect to receive their pay before they leave camp ; and it will be 
political to pay the soldiers also on their discharge. 

Tlie Assembly of Connecticut are apportioning their quota of 
troops into districts, who are each to raise a soldier for three years, 
or during the war ; and in case of refusal, one is to be hired, and 
the amount levied from the district, agreeable to their grand list. 
They will call in their own money, lay a tax on continental, and 
another on provisions, or hard mcMiey. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Puebok. 
GoL Wx. Paltbkt, P. M. Gen. 



Pat Officii Nov. 1, 1780. 
Sir : — I am to congratulate you on the situation in which I have 
just heard you have entered. Your immediate partner I am ac- 
quainted with, and wish each of you every happiness that arises 
from so tender and endearing a connection. 

Cannot you let me have your note from the Treasurer of Connect- 
icut ? I want money so much that I would do almost any thing 
for some. I have a friend at Hartford who can catch the money as 
fast as it comes to the treasury. K you want any of it, when I get 
some, I will let you have it; and any authority you desire shall be 
procured, for the transfer either from Colonel Palfrey, the treasury, 
or General Washington. If you will let me have the note it will 
oblige me to have it sent immediately, or if not, your answer. 
I am, dear sir, yours, sincerely, 

John Pisrcb. 
Thob. Read, Esq. 

4* 



83 (XXBOgSSPOSTDiKBOSt or OIVKSBa 

Pat Omci, Main Abmt, Not. 8, lIBO. 
Sir : — Since mine of the 19th May ult, I have received yonre of 
the 6th of the same month. The several advances since that time 
may require yonr attention, either in stopping or transmitting to 
some other department, which are as follows : 

Dec 81, 1779— Paid hy Col. Palfrey, to Lieut. Col. DiAee, 

his pay from Nov. 6, 1778, to Dec 81, 1779, • . 2,964 
Pay and subsistence for January, 1780, • . • 460 
Ditto, for February and March, 1780, .... 920 
Ditto, from March to June, 1780, .... 1^80 

April 5, 1780— Paid by Mr. Stelle, D. P. M. Gen., for the 
Rhode Island Department, to Lieut CoL Lewis Morris, 
Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Sullivan, now to Gen. Greene, 
on account, 120 

May 2, 1780 — Paid by myself^ to lieut. CoL Nathaniel 
Ramsey, of the Maryland Line, a prisoner on parole, 
on account, 2,500 

July 6, 1780 — ^Paid by myself to Lieut Col. Lewis Morris, 

Aid-de-Camp to Major Gen. Greene, on account, . 2,000 

July 11, 1780 — Paid by CoL Palfrey, to Lieut Ludeman, 

for pay and subsistence for March and April, • . 282 

July 11, 1780— Paid by CoL Palfrey, to Lieut CoL John 
Laurens, on account of his expenses when sent to 
Philadelphia by Gen. Lincoln 2,000 

July 26, 1780— Paid by CoL Palfrey, to Capt John Corse, 
of the Delaware regiment, for diflference of pay and 
subsistence between a Captain and Lieutenant^ from 
January 26, 1778, to March 1, 1780, . • . 1,107 

August 4, 1780— Paid by CoL Palfrey, to Comet Perre- 

grine Fitzhugh, of Baylor's Dragoons, . . . 2,700 

August 13, 1780— Paid by myself, to Ensign William 
Spencer, of the 8th Va. regiment, on account of his 
pay, per the hands of Mr. Williams, . . . 800 

August 14, 1780— Paid by myself, to Lieut CoL Oliver 

Towles, a prisoner on parole, on account, . . . 4,000 



OF THH BKVOLimOlsriLBT WAM. 88 

Auguit 22, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Col. David 

HalLy of the Delaware regiment, .... 4,000 

August 29, 1780 — Paid by myself to Capt John Bard, of 
the second Georgia battalion, a prisoner on parole, on 
account . . 1,&00 

August 30, 1780— Paid by Col. Palfrey, to Lewis De Pon- 
tiere, of Pulaski^s L^on, for pay and sabsistence 
from Feb. 1 to July 1 1,250 

October 2, 1780— Paid by myself, to Jacob Collins, a pri- 
vate in the 2d Maryland regiment, for two years' pay 
and one year's subsistence, while in the hospital at 

Albany, 280 

I am, sir, your obedient servant^ 

John Pisbob. 
JoBKPH Clat, Esq^ Southern Army. 

Pat Oifica^ Main Ammr, Nov. B, 1780. 
Sm : — Inclofied 1 transmit you my last month's account, and a 
letter of stoppages in the Soathem department, which I wish you to 
forward. 

Money ! money ! money 1 or rather the want of it, is the word. 
It will oblige me mudi to hear what prospects you have of obtain- 
ing any. 

I am, with much respect and friendship, yours, 

John Pisros. 
CoL PALiUET, P. M. Cha. 

Hb4xhidabtbkb, Nov. 17, 17B0. 

Sir : — Colonel Pickering has just informed me you wrote him 
yon design to resign, and that you are going to France. You are 
sensible, sir, of the delicacy of my situation, my length of servioo, 
and if I have any, my merit, and I could wish for your friendship 
and infuence to succeed you, if you think proper. 

I suppose I ought to take your place ; and if 1 fail in my at- 
tempt, I am determined to resign, which will be at this time dis> 
agreeable^ as I have sacrijiced so much that I had, perhaps, better 



84 00BBE8FONDEKCE OF 0FFICKB8 

give up the whole of my time to the public You will excuse my 

haste, and believe me to be, with sincerity, 

Your most obedient servant, 

John Pieeoe. 
CoL Wic PALnsT, P. M. Gen. 

Pat Offick, Nov. 18, 1780. 

Sir: — I feel a degree of regret in parting with so valuable a 
friend and principal, whose ability and inclination can never be re- 
placed by another. Should the person you mention be appointed, 
his exertions will not be wanting, however he may fall short in 
point of genius, I take this opportunity, sir, to acknowledge the 
many and repeated obligations I lay under to you, and can at 
present only return them by wishing you every happiness and 
prosperity. 

I cannot find that I ever received of you a million of dollars on 
the 11th of September, 1779, which you will perceive to be the case 
on the examination of my returns. The first was July 24th, the 
next, October 6th, and the next, November SOth. I have sent a 
blank receipt, which you will fill up properly, as I suppose you 
mistook the date in your letter. I have inclosed you the account 
you desired. I have taken up one receipt more, that from Thomas 
Dugan for 403j dollars, which I have sent Mr. Burrall. 

I have not money enough to ride out of camp, and cannot there- 
fore see you now ; but if the appointment takes place, I shall go 
immediately for Philadelphia. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 
CoL Wm. Palfkbt, p. M. Gen. 

Pat OwiOE, Nov. 28, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — I would beg leave to represent that the extra pay 
given officers of the line, who are aides-de-camp, brigade-majors, 
regimental-paymasters, clothiers, adjutants, and quartermasters, has 
been stated since the first of January, 1777, the time to which the 
resolution of Congress of the 12th of August last has retrospect in 
determining the pay of the army. In case this extra pay was fixed 



OF THB BXVOLUnONABT WAB. 85 

higher on accontit of the depreciation, it ought then to have a new 
stating; but if it was designed to be made up as good money, it 
ought then, perhaps, stand as it is. I am informed that some of 
the States have considered it as hard money, and made up the de- 
preciation accordingly. 

As the accounts of the army, since the first of August last^ are at 
a stand for this to be determined, I would be obliged, gentlemen, 
for your attention in the matter. 

I have the honor to be your obedient serrant, 

John Pikbos. 
Hon. Board of Treasary. 

Pnn.ADii.PHiA, Deo. 20, 1780. 

Sir : — ^Inclosed you have a warrant in my favor on the Treasu- 
rer of Connecticut, and another on the Treasurer of Rhode Island — 
both endorsed to you. 

As you are present at Hartford, I make no doubt of your being 
able to obtain the money there, and wish, after you have been in- 
formed where that fro^i Rhode Island can be had, you will send an 
express for it, if you cannot get it easier. You see I presume on 
your friendship, which I have experienced so often, and do not 
doubt but you will be happy to serve me. Mr. Reed has a note 
from the Treasurer of Connecticut for more than 800,000 dollars. 
I have written him to let me have it. He says I may, on deliver- 
ing him a part 

Will you ask the Treasurer how much of it he can advance, and 
when the whole can be paid ? If the sum is worth receiving, I 
will get the note and send it to you. 

I am, dear sir, yours sincerely, 

J.BuEEAmEsq. ) John PiBRCE. 

By Mr. McCaa ) 



Pay Offiob, Dec. 26, 1780. 
Gentlemen : — Captain William Brown, of Colonel Charles Har- 
rison's regiment of artillery, who has been stationed at Fort Schuy- 
ler, is now on his march with his company to join the Southern 
army. Not being furnished with money to defray his expenses^ he 



86 



0QBBE8POMIHEMCS OV OFflOEBS 



is obliged to call for the pay of the company, which is due since 
the Ist of January last, amounting to August Ist^ in the old money, 
to 12,375 dollars, and from that time to the 1st inst to 2,636 dol- 
lars in the new emissions, warrants for which the Board of War 
have granted on me. As I am unsupplied in cash, 1 thought it not 
improper to request, if the money can be obtained, that your honor- 
able Board will report in my favor on the Treasurer to enable me 
to pay him. 

I am, gentlemen, your obedient serranti 

John Pisroi. 
Honorable Board of TreaBury. 



The following is a list of Captain Brown's company who are to 
be paid: 



William Brown, CaptMiu 
James Smith, Captain-Ueatenant. 
James MoFaddon, First do. 
John CarsoD, Second da 
Thomas Stanley, Cadet 
John Stanley, Volunteer. 
John Staples, Sergeant 
(Giren him a oertifleate of pay to Dea M^ 
1780.) 

Henry Slack, Sergeant 
Thomas Barber, do. 
Charles Stewart, do. 
Patrick Cochran, do. 
Alex. A Mackay, do. 
(Deserted Oct 20, 178a) 
Arthur Cames^ CorporaL 
Tamolin Spencer, do. 
John Radcliff, da 

Thomas Fanning, da 
Michael Hawke, do. 
Samuel J. Kelme, do. 
Thomas Condron, Bombardier. 
Michael O'Brien, do. 

William Jones, do. 

PhUip O'Bryan, . da 



John Connolly, Ghmner. 
John Vaughn, da 
John Slack, do. 

James Welch, . do. 
James Whalen, do. 
James Brooks, Drummer. 
Peter Minor, jun., Fifer. 
Isaac Burton, Matroea. 
Thomas Brown, do. 
(October 1, 1780.) 
Ignatius Batler, Matrosa. 
Robert Campbell, da 
James Compton, do. 
James Cole, do. 

Hugh Champlin, do. 
John Evans, do 

John Fitzgerald, sen. da 
John Fitzgerald, jun. da 
Mark Gk>ldsboro*, do. 
Ignatius Griffin, da 
Jonathan Gill, da 

William Huckersen, do. 
Edward Hennissey, da 
Henry Higgs, da 

Daniel Harvey, da 



o» Tffli BsvoLuncnrAxr wam. 



87 



Waikm Hmrney, MatrcM. 
Francis Johnson, do. 
Peter Lawrence, do. 
Joahoa Lovely, do. 
Robert LiTiogston, da 
(Beeruited Not. 18, 1780, » ft»r during 
war.*) 

Pet«r Majnor, sen., Matroas. 
William Moran, da 

(Baonited Nov. 89, 1780^ Ibr diiris« 
war.) 

Mays NeTin, Matroas. 
Benjamin Palmore, da 
JPrands Popham, da 
Samuel Popham, da 
(OiTea him a oertifloate of paj to Dea 
1780.) 

Joseph Pogne, Matross. 
Peter Robinson, da 

KoTK. — ^This company 



the 



lbs 



llionias Smith, Matross. 
Reuben Scott, da 
John Saunders, do. 
(GWen him a eertlflcate otp§j to Dae. 90, 
1780.) 

James Simonda, Matroas. 
(Becmited Not. 18, 1780, for duringi tha 
war.) 

William Stalker, Matrosa 
Oaoroltad Nor. 18, 1780, for doriog the 
war.) 

James Taylor, Matross. 
David TouDg, da 
Michael Hawke, da 
(Bxehanged forTbomaa Brown, Oalobar 
1, 1780.) 

George Baker, Matroaa. 
CBxecated by aentaaoe of Coort Martial, 
Nov. «. 17Sa) 

belonged to the Maryland line. 



Cowpo'a Mills, Va., March 19, 1781 
Sm : — Mr. Bacon will deliver you sixty-three guns to be repaired. 
Some of them are very good guns, and may be made fit for service 
with very little labor. I think it would be most advisable to exam- 
ine all the arms, and have those got in order first which are in 
want of the least repairs. 

I received yours of the 15th respecting the box of flints. I have 
got them, but did not know what number the box contained. 

I hope you will be shortly able to furnish the army with a num- 
ber of guns. The wagon that brings the damaged arms may be 
left to transport the repaired anns to the different posts where they 
may be wanted. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, Cond. M. Stores. 
Mr. W. PoBXXB, at Broadwater. 

Babe's Fdclds, Va., April 2, 1781. 
SiH : — ^The bearer, Wagon-master George Godby, waits for a load 
of provisions. Dispatch him and the others as soon as possible. 



88 OOBBBBPONDBNOB OF OFFIOEB8 

I desired Mr. Adkins to give yoa a horse and let him have the 
order. 

I shall send you one quire of paper the first opportunity. At 
present every thing is packed up. 

I am yours obediently, 

H. Morris, Ass't Qr. Mr. Gen. 
W. PoBTiB, 0. M. Stores, Broadwater. 

Oamp NBAS Scott's, Va., April 10, l*IBl, 
Sir : — By a brigade of wagons and guard, you will receive a 
very considerable quantity of stores, that are given up by the mili- 
tia who have served their tours of duty. Tou will please to take 
them in and make out an exact inventory of what are delivered to 
you. On account of the large number received, and what I ex- 
pect to take in for several days, render it impossible for me to send 
a list of those articles at this time ; but when matters are in a more 
settled situation, I shall make out a just list of what you may from 
time to time receive. It is the General's desire that all the car- 
tridges which are in their boxes should be taken out and put in 
boxes which you will have made for that purpose. From the scar- 
city of cartridges, you cannot be too careful of those you will re- 
ceive. You will observe that nearly all the guns are loaded. 

In a few days the better half of our militia will be discharged, 
and I expect to see you at Broadwater very shortly, in company 
with the remaining part of our army. 

I am your friend and obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, Ass't Com. Mil. Stores. 

Mr. Wm. PORTEB, ) 

Oom. Mil Stores at Broadwater. ) 

Pbinok Qkobob Coubt-Hotoe, Va., April 18, 1781. 
Sir : — After much trouble with bad wagons, I have at length ar- 
rived at this place with all the stores taken from Broadwater and 
below. For fear cartridges should be wanted below, I have sent 
down one box containing 117 dozen. The wagons will get to 
Broadwater by Sunday evening. 



OF THB BKVOLITTIONAST WAS. 89 

I imagine the General has given you further directionB respect- 
ing the removal of the military stores. You will make yourself 
acquainted with his intentions relative thereto, and dispatch those 
wagons, and others you may have got^ with all expedition. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, A. C. M. Stores. 
Wx. PoBXBBy C. IL &, Broadwater. 

BLAn>'B Taverk, Va, April 21, 1181. 
Sib : — ^You will receive by four wagons a quantity of damaged 
arms, sent up from Broadwater. You will dispose of them agree- 
ably to the directions you receive from the Baron Steuben or Major 
Pryor. The number is not ascertained, being those you had an 
account of below. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul .Woolfolk, A, C. M. Stores. 
Mr. Wm. Pobixb, 0. M. Stores. 

• 
Chbtxbfixld Goubt-Houbk, Ya., April 25, 1781. 
Sib : — ^By two wagons you will receive 230 guns, which were 
taken from Petersburg yesterday. I believe them to be a part of 
the arms taken from Broadwater. You will charge me with two 
guns, which I furnished the militia with yesterday. Those are 
the whole left in Petersburg. On my way down, I met with 
General Muhlenburgb, Cabin Point, and returned again to Prince 
George. Mr. Robert Smith is sent down to remove all the stores 
remaining at Broadwater. I gave him your letters and instruo- 
tions for what you were in want of at that place. I am now on my 
way to Richmond. Mr. Edward Moore is appointed to act below 
in my place. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Paul Woolfolk, A. C. M. Stores. 



Mr. POKTBR, 

a K. Stares, Powhatan a H. 



\ 



CHESTKBiriKLD CousT-HousK, Va., April 25, 1781. 
Sir : — ^The bearer waits on you with a wagon for the followmg 



90 OOBBBBPOHDSNCB OF OIT1CIBK8 

ammanition, viz. : 100 sixth-rouDd cartridges, 50 six-pound canister 
cartridges, 24 port-fires, and 100 sixth tubes. 

You have not been explicit enough in your return. You men- 
tion 18 boxes of cannon cartridges, but do not mention the size, 
though I think there must be the sixth among them. If not, 
send express for those to Goochland Court-house. Tubes are at 
the last-mentioned place. Do not detain the whole for a deficiency 
of a part, but send off what you have immediately, and the balance 
will follow as soon as possible down the road leading to this place, 
or where you may hear the army is. 

There has been a pretty severe action this afternoon at Peters- 
burg. The enemy have possession of that place, and our army has 
retreated to a few miles below this, and are to march to-morrow 
morning at four o'clock up to this place, and further up the road if 
necessary. Our men behaved exceedingly well, but, overpowered by 
numbers, were obliged to retaie. Our loss was about fifty killed 
and wounded, and the enemy's considerably more by every account 

If you have any musket-cartridges^ send them also. Be as expe- 
ditioufl as possible, as we are nearly out of ammunition. 
I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

J. Pbyob, Field Com. Mil. Stores. 

Mr. WlL POETEB, 

Com. MIL Stores, Powhatan. 



i 



Camp, CJoaitPit, Va., April $0, 1781. 
Sib : — ^I received by the wagoner the articles mentioned in your 
letter, and have also sent you 59 muskets, 57 bayonets, 39 cartridge- 
boxes, part of a barrel of damaged cartridges and bullets, and two 
barrels of powder. The powder and bullets I received at Peters- 
burg, which you will receive. The bayonets, cartridge-boxes, and 
muskets are all damaged ; also some of them you sent are not fit 
for use. I have never seen Smith since I came down, but will make 
inquiry for pork, &c. I will speak to the General for the armorers, 
and I am, with esteem. 

Your obedient servant, 

Edward Moobe, C. M. Stores. 
Mr. W. PoBRBy 0. M. Stores. 



or THB MKVOUriKSBAXT WAS. 91 

OfflNTBEnBLD OouiT-Hoimi, Ya^ lifty 6, 1*781. 

Sib : — ^Yoa will take under your chaise five wagons, containiDg 

400 stand of' arms, complete with bayonets, <kc^ 200 leather car- 

tridgea, two hundred tin canisters, and two thousand flints, and you 

will proceed immediately to Suffolk. Immediately on your arrival, 

yoQ will acquaint General Muhlenbnrgh of it You will not by 

any meang deliyer any of the above articles without General Muh« 

lenborgh's particular order. Too will set out from this place this 

evoBing, or to-monrow-moniing very early, so that you may arrive 

at Snfiblk by the 8th instant. 

By order of Major-general Steuben. 

Jamss Faibus, Aid-de-Camp. 
Wx. PoBzn, a BL Stores. 

RicrafOND, lUy 6, 1781. 

&b: — ^YotiTS dated yeateiday, at Carter's Ferry, just came to 
hand. I am happy to hear you hav^ got a shop and set the ar- 
morers to work. As they are fixed, they may remain where they 
are tUl further orders, and continue to repair arms with all expedi- 
tion. Colonel Davis* orders, I think, were very proper, only I do 
not suppose he knew a large quantity of powder vnll be immedi- 
ately wanted for a battery of four 24-pounder8 and four 18-pound- 
ers, at Hood's Creek. 

I have called on Captain Brown for the balls and every other 
necessary that must be brought down immediately. I would wish 
you to send down all the cannon ammunition fit for service, musket 
ammunition, arms in repair with bayonets fitted to them, and an 
equal number of cartridge-boxes, sky-rockets, and port-fires, and 
tubes, if you have any, to Westham, addressed to Mr. McRoberts, 
Field Commissary of Military Stores, whom I have appointed as 
such, and I will direct some person to receive them. 

The loose balls are of no use in camp. You will therefore send 
them to the laboratory at Goochland Court-house, taking a receipt 
hr them ; and all the other military stores you will have carried 
up to Point of Fork, and deposited in some secure house, under the 
eye <^ some careful person who will take charge of them. Ton 
will send all the empty eartridge-boxes you may ha?e^ or can pro- 



92 OOBBBBPONDSETOB OF OFFIOEB8 

cure, to the laboratory, to pack cartridges in, to be sent down to 
the army, they being much wanted, barrels having been made use 
of for the want of them. 

After you have done what is above required, you will make Mr. 
Gray, who I suppose is at the head of the armory, responsible for 
the arms, &c., left in his care, and press him to push their repairs 
as much as possible — then you may go home to Broadwater, and 
have all the arms, <fec., in that quarter, brought immediately np-^ 
those in repair to be left with the new levies at Chesterfield Court- 
house, and the damaged ones carried up to Colonel James's or the 
armory for repairs. 

I did expect a complete return of all the stores you had in charge, 
as well as the horse-accoutrements I requested you to take charge 
of. You may re-deliver them to the Quartermaster, as they are not 
in your department, and render him an account of your issues of 
them, and show him your authority for so doing. 

You will please to be very particular in this, and send me a aiixi- 
ilar account of them. 

I am, sir, your obedient and humble Bervant, 

J. Pbyor, ConL Gen. MIL Stores. 

Mr. W. PoBTia, 0. M. a, Carter's Ferry. 

November 9, 1788. 
Sir : — Pursuant to the orders of Major-general Greene, of the 
2d and 3d days of November, 1782, we have formed the 1st and 
3d regiments of dragoons, now serving in the State of South Caro- 
lina, into five troops, agreeably to an order of the Secretary of War, 
to be commanded by the following o£Scers, viz. : 

George Baylor, Colonel, commissioned January 8, 1777. 

William Washington, Lieutenant-colonel. 

John Swan, Major, commissioned October 21, 1780. 



Churchill Jones, Captain, 


do. 


June 1, 1777. 


John Watts, do. 


do. 


April 7, 1778. 


William Barrett, do. 


do. 


May, 1779. 


William Parsons, do. 


do. 


November, 1779, 


icAm Hughes, do. 


do. 


March 81, 1781. 



OF THE BSVOLimONABT WAB. 93 

Ambrofle Gordon, 1st Lieut, comxniflflioned December, 1779. 

Jobn Linton, do. do. May, 1780. 

Henry Bower, do. 

Francis Whiting, do. 

Chas. Yarborough, do. 

James Merriweather, 2d lAeuL 

Jobn Harris, do. 

George Wbite, do. 

PbiJip Stewart, do. 

William Fitzhugh, do. 

Nelson, Pajrmaster. 

Charles Scott, Comet. 
Jasper Hnghes, do. 
Jobn Massey, do. 
John Perry, do. 
John Walters, do. 
Bobert Rose, Surgeon. 
- John Wallace, do. 
Vanghn, Sbrgeon's Mate. 

Doctor Eose being sick at present, and unable to do immediate 

duty. Doctor Wallace is arranged to do the duty of Surgeon to the 

raiment until the recovery of Dr. Rose. 

It is the opinion of the Board that a Court of Inquiry be, as 

soon as possible, ordered to determine the rank of the officers, to 

the end that the dates of their commissions may be inserted in the 

arrangement We have arranged the officers of the Ist and Sd 

regiments to a command in the five troops, in proportion to the 

number of troops in each corps, from the principle of their being 

entitled to promotion regimentally. 

Your obedient servants, 

Anthony Watntb, B. G. 

John Swan, Major L. D. 

Churchill Jones, Captain L. D. 
(Noaddren.) 

Nkw Havbc, Jan. 10, 1788. 

Sm : — ^The drcumstances of my business render it impossible foi 



94 OORBBSPCffllHSNGE OF OnriO£R8 

me to receive any part of the aecurities now to be issned to the 
army. The late 4th Connecticat regiment has no agent i4>pointed 
to receive theirs. I wish they might be delivered to Mr. Beers, as 
the principal part of the officers and men belong to this county. 

The 2d Connecticut regiment I suppose General Swift will re- 
ceive, as he is agent ; otherwise I should like them also delivered to 
Mr. Beers, in order that the several charges made against individ- 
uals might be rightly understood from my accounts. 

I shall, after the securities are issued to the several regiments, 
apply to your office with my accounts stated for settlement. 

I conclude that the accounts made out by Mr. Clark, for 1783, 
as well as those I handed you, are rightly understood, so that the 
securities can be issued to the two regiments at the time the other 
regiments in the Connecticut line receive theirs, as no advice has 
been received to the contrary. 

I send my account by Mr. JBeers for the extra pay as Paymaster, 
which was to be paid in Morris' notes, or money for those who at- 
tended to the settlement of accounts. Likewise, the amount due 
for subsistence, I should receive it as a particular favor to have it 
paid hiuL 

I am your obedient servant^ 

John Shbrmak. 
JoHH PixBoi, P. M. Gen. 

PouoHKXKPSiB, N. T., May 17, 1783. 
Sir : — I was honored with yours of the 8th inst I remember 
exceeding well having a bundle of papers from you, on account of 
expenses attending the transportation of cannon to Farmington, but 
cannot recollect the amount ; and as these vouchei's shared the same 
fate with almost the whole of my other papers, I do not esteem my- 
self at liberty to give any new vouchers until Congress has pointed 
out some general course by which my conduct ought to be regula- 
ted in all such cases. 

I am, with the greatest respect, sir. 

Your most obedient, humble servant^ 

TJdny Hay, D. Q. M. Gen. 

Ool SBBnsXR QtEVWM. 



cm THS SByOLUTKOrAKT WAB. 95 

PmLADBLPKU, Jim« S, 178S. 

Sir : — ^This moraing I received your letter relative to the mcHiey 
advanced yon to pay for the tran^rtatioii of the ordnaDoe and 
stores firom Albany to Farmington. 

I nanst inform yoa that immediately oo my retmn, I made up my 
aeconBt for every farthing received by me, and gave it you ; soon 
after which it was examined and improved by the Auditors at Al- 
bany, and referred to Colonel Hay, as being in his department, for 
settlement — ^at whidi time I delivered you every paper relative to 
the transaction, and have never since seen any of them. Having 
done with than entirely, the receipt given you was cancelled ; and 
you having delivered the papers to Colonel Hay, who also examined 
and admitted them, exonerates you from blame by his misfortune. 
He repeatedly offered you a discharge, and I always thought you 
had it, and that the whole matter was settled long since. Colonel 
Hay, upon application, will certainly certify that the whole was 
settled, which I suppose will be satisfactory. 

"With regard to the pay received by me and my department, you 
will find it by examining the abstracts ; but I will send you a copy 
of the account as it stands between us, from which you can extract 
any sums that ought to be charged the public which remain unac- 
counted for. 

You will see that I have accounted with you for all that I ever 
received, except the money for the transportation, which, having 
settled with you on my return, closed the transaction on my part — 
nor have I a scrap of paper on the jBubject Having done the 
business for you, and the examination having been made and ap- 
proved, I conceived myself as exonerated, and made no register of 
the matter. 

Brother Ben will sail in a few days for the Cape. He presents 

abundance of love. 

With affection, I remain yours, 

Samuel Hodgdok. 
CoL Ebenxzer Stkvbrs. 

Raxdivo, Decemper 24, 1788^ 
Dkir Sir : — I schold Dack it as a graet faver, you wold be so 



96 OOBBBSPONDSET OB OF 0FE10BB8 

Idnt and to Ender My Name and Capt Jacob Mytinger of ray 

Troop in the Boock of Sociedy of Sencinates for whech we have 

Laft a Monts Pay whet the Pay Master Generale of the arMy, and 

hafe encloset a Certificat from the Pay Master Generale, whech 

mentionet that the Money May be Trowen as San the order is 

Broedoset I schall be Blaesed to yoo, you will Rid me a Lader 

and Mentionet what Money must be send for Endrens, if der is any 

Oder Exbenses, you will be so Eint as to lad us Ejiow. My Seff 

and Capt. Mytinger will Comply whet what you schalle Tin proper^ 

Sir, I Remin whet the Gradest Estim 

Tour Efectiont frend and M. H. S. 

Barthw. Von Heer, 

Miyor light Dnigooos. 
OqL Hakmxr, at Mrs. Snmk's Tawem, ) 
Second Streed, Philadelphia. ) 

Ankapoub, Jan. 1, 1784. 

Sir : — About the time we adjourned from Princeton I received a 
line from you, to which you would probably have discovered before 
this time tbnt I had paid every attention possible ; but there have 
not since that time been nine States represented in Congress. Your 
concerns are delayed with the most important ones of the nation. 

On the application of some foreign o£Scers for some immediate 
pay, a committee was appointed some time ago, of which I am 
chairman. The journals ought to show what has and what has 
not been promised or done for the foreign officers who have been 
in our service; but there are many different opinions as to the 
manner in which our executive officers construe the meaning of 
those journals. 

Be so good as to inform me, whether in settling the accounts of 
foreign officers who have been in our service they have been al- 
lowed half-pay. If half-pay has been allowed to any of them, 
whether it has been indiscriminately allowed to those who had and 
to those who had not taken the oath of fidelity to the United States. 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

Hugh Williamson. 

JoBH Pxnoi^ Esq. 



OF THE BEVOLUnONAKT WAB. 97 

CoMPntoLLBE-asinaukL's Omcm, Jan. 80, 1784. 
Sm: — ^The State has paid to Lientenaots Benjamin Marshall, 

John Hagfaes, and Morrison, of the Pennsylvama line, the 

flom of one hundred and forty-six dollars and two-thirds of a dol- 
lar, each, being for 5^ months' paj, which jon will please to charge 
ihem with at the settlement of their aeoonnts. 

I am yovr friend and Terj hxmible serrant, 

John Nicholson, And. Gen. 
JoBBPH HowsLL, Esq. 

BoflfTON, Not. 18, 1784 
Sir : — ^Your favor of the 18tli September, by Captain Thomas H. 
Condj, I have received. I am exceedingly disappointed that Cap- 
tain Oondy was not able to settle my accounts, as he was fully em- 
powered by me for that purpose. I flatter myself tbi^t by this time 
you have been able to find my account, with the vouchers. K 
they are not already examined, I request you to have them taken 
up the first opportunity after the receipt of this, as I am very anx- 
ious to have them adjusted. A line from you, by the post, on this 
suL^t, will lay me under a particular obligation. 

I mm, with great esteeoi, your obedient servant, 

Henrt Jackson. 
John Pmoi^ Esq., P. M. Gen. 

Tbbnton, Dee. 11, 1784. 
Sir: — I should be very much obliged to you to inform me, 
whether, by the orders of Congress, the widow or children of a 
Msijor-general who lost his life in the service is entitled to the half- 
pay of a Major-general for seven years, or to that of a Colonel only. 
There is a dispute in the State of Massachusetts which is suspend- 
ed on the decision of this question. 

K you think the case clear, your opinion, with the grounds of 
it, win no doubt give satis&ction ; but if you are in any doubt, I 
flliall apply to Congress for an explanation of those acts. 

I am, with the highest esteem, your obedient servant, 

George Partridge. 

OoL JOBN PiBBOK, P. IL 0«n. 

f 



98 OOBBBBPONDKKOB OF 0FFICEB8 

KoEWioB, Deo. 16, 1784. 

Sib: — Since I wrote you last, respectiDg my ration accoanta 
(an answer to which I have not had the pleasure, although 
Mr. Brown tells me you wrote me by Mr. Lovell), I recollect 
that I signed them in a form that might answer for a discharge 
in full ; and should you leave the office, it might be concluded by 
your predecessor that the accounts were settled and paid. I pre- 
sume that the act of Congress of the 3d of June supersedes the 
necessity of Colonel Stewart's vouchers. 

If it appears so to you, I will be much obliged to you to pay 
the balance due me on those accounts to Mr. Pelatiah Webster, 
and beg the favor of him, in my behalf^ to send it to me by some 
convenient opportunity, or to bring it when he next comes to Nor- 
wich. 

I am, dear sir, with great regard, your humble servant, 

Jkdediah Huntinoton* 
JoHH TaaoE, P. M. Gen., FhOadelphia* 

Nbw Yom:, Dec 24, 1784. 

Sir : — I am under the necessity of requesting the favor of you 
to examine the muster-rolls of the Invalid Corps ; and in Captain 
Woelport's company you will find a man by the name of Simon 
Peterson, who was formerly a soldier in the 4th New York regi- 
ment, commanded by Colonel Henry B. Livingston. The said 
Peterson was sent to Simsbury Hospital when the regiment lay at 
Wyoming, in October, 1779, and he was invalided from that place 
the latter part of that year, or in 1780, on account of a bayonet 
having been run through his foot He served in the Invalid Corps 
until 1783, when he was legally discharged on pension, but unfor- 
tunately lost his discharge, and by that means was deprived of his 
depreciation, pension, and all other emoluments which are due to 
him from the State of New York, unless he can make it appear 
he served in the Invalid Corps after he left the New York line. 
After you have examined the rolls, you will be kind enough to 
send such a certificate back by Mr. Horton, the bearer^ as will 



OF THB BEVOLUTIONABT WAB. 99 

wsrre as a Yoncher for the Anditors of the State of New York, 
whioh 18 all thej require. 

Your obedient servant, 

JOSSPH MORRBLL. 
J06MPH HowxLi^ Esq^ Philadelphia. 

New YoBx, Angort 2, 1786. 
Sir : — ^The Commissioner for settling the army accounts, to whom 
was referred the petition of James Gilleland, late a Captain in the 
corps of Sappers and Miners, begs leave to report — that notwith- 
standing Captain Gilleland has stated in his petition that he served 
in the army to the end of the war, it appears by the returns of the 
corps and by the records of the War OflBce, that he resigned his 
commission on the 9th day of October, 1782 — ^which resignation, in 
the opinion of your Commissioner, debars him from the benefits 
of the resolution of Congress of the 16th September, 1776, grant- 
ing lands, and of October 21st, 1780, granting half-pay for life to 
such o£Scer8 as shall continue in service to the end of the war ; 
that there is still due to James Gilleland some arrears of pay and 
subsistence, certificates for which will be issued to him on his ap- 
plication. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pisrob. 
Preddent of Oongttm, 

Nkw Yobk, August 8, 1785. 
Sir : — In answer to your note respecting the specie paid to the 
ofBcers of the army in the years 1782 and 1783, I beg leave to 
iuform you that there has not been any advanced by a State to 
any of the lines to my knowledge on account of their pay, but the 
sum has been furnished by the United States under the arrange- 
ment of the Office of Finance, and I believe by no particular reso- 
lution of Congress. The sum intended to be advanced to the army 
under these regulations has been two months for officers of higher 
grades in 1782, and four months for the line in general in 1783, 
which was advanced in notes of the Superintendent of Finance, 
|Miyable in six months to the Northern army, and by bills at thirty 



100 OORBBSPOIXDBNOB OF OFFICERS 

and sixty days' sight for the Southern army. The Northern Ujiiea 

are completely paid, and there are considerable arrears, which I am 

endeavoring to ascertain with predbion, now due to the Southern 

troops. 

I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pxebpb. 
Hon. Thokas MdKiAif . 

Nxw ToBK, Angort 10, 1786. 
Sir : — The Paymaster-general, to whom was referred the peti- 
tion of Pierre Regnier de Rousse, late a Identenant-colonel in the 
fourth and second New York regiments, praying the depredation 
on his pay, begs leave to report that it i^pears the petitioner re- 
signed his commission on the 24th day of March, 1780 ; that by 
the resolutions of Congress of the lOth day of April and of the 
8th day of August, 1780, and of the 15th of May and 12th of Au- 
gust, 1783, this allowance appears to be altogether restricted to the 
officers in the service on the lOth day of April, 1780 ; that Mons. 
Regnier conceives himself entitled to claim his depreciation, par- 
ticularly as he was a foreigner previous to the war, expecting that 
a distinction would be admitted between foreign and domestic of- 
ficers ; which principle the Paymaster-general humbly conceives to 
be improper, and not justified by any usage or resolution of Con- 
gress. He therefore submits the following resolve : That Mons. 
Regnier, having resigned his commission prior to any promise of 
depreciation, cannot, agreeable to the principles adopted by Con- 
gress in such cases, be entitled to this allowance. 

John Pderob, P. M. C^en. 
President of Congreee. 

Annapous, August 16, 1785. 
Sir : — I had a letter from Major Allen McLane, late of Lee's 
Legion, in answer to one I wrote him on the subject of an advance 
by the State of Maryland, in which he requests the same may be 
charged to the United States, to be accounted for by him on final 
settlement; and although I have already transmitted the account 
to your office, I have thought proper to mention the matter again, 



OF THB BEYOLUTKSIAKr WAE. 101 

lest tiiftt mi^t brnve been mislaid. The snm charged to Major 
McLane is £187 10, new emission, received in March, 1781, at the 
rate of 8^ for 1, is £57 IS 10, specie, for which snm please to 
charge him, and give the State of Maryland credit therefor. The 
certificateB for horses taken, and purchased by Major McLane 
within this State, have all been taken np and liquidated by the 
State, and will be charged to the United States in general account. 

la answer to your letter of the 14th July, on the subject of the 
adTanoe to the Baron De Ealb, I have to inform you that I never 
reoeiyed any money from him, nor did I ever hear of his tiddng up 
any money for the purposes you mention until I received your let* 
ter. As soon as I receive answere to the inquiries I have set on 
foot touching this business, I will write to you again thereon. 
With highest regard, I am your obedient servant, 

C. EioHMOHD, Auditor-general. 

iowK Taum, Esq., New York. 

BiLTDioBX, August 18, 1786. 
Sib: — ^1 have delayed answering yours of the 14th July, expect- 
ing to be able to give you some information respecting the ex- 
penditure of the money received by the Baron De Ealb. I have 
not yet met with any person that can give me any information on 
the subject, more than that the Baron was known to have a large 
sum of money in his hands for the purpose of marching the troc^ 
to the southward, and that Captain Joseph Marbury, Quartermas- 
ter for the detachment, received part of it for the use of his depart- 
ment. I make no doubt but he has, or can account for what he 
received. He is now in Virginia. I will write to him on the sub- 
ject, if an opportunity offers. 1 think, from considering the circum- 
stances of the army, that but a small part of the money could have 
been expended. It soon became useless in procuring any thing 
whatever for the army, and recourse was had to other means for 
subsistence. With respect to arrearages of clothing, I doubt wheth- 
er the army ever received it. 

I am your most obedient servant, 

J. K HOWABD. 

JoBM ToRtm, Esq., P. M. Gen., Hew York. 



102 CX>HBBBFONDEN0E OF OFFIOEBS 

New York, August^ 19, 1786. 
Gentlembn : — ^The petition of John Buchanan, citizen of the 
State of New York, most respectfully showeth, that your petitioner 
was one among the first of the inhahitants of the State who avowed 
an opposition to the arbitrary measures of the British government, 
and was honored with the command of a company of his fellow- 
citizens upon the first arrangement of the militia in this city, in the 
year 1116; that early in the year 1776, your petitioner was em- 
ployed by the Commander-in-chie^ and by other Generals, in many 
confidential and difficult services, which he has had the happiness 
to execute to their satisfaction, and was in the yeai* 1777 appointed 
a superintendent of the water-craft on the Hudson River ; that in 
the month of January, 1778, your petitioner being, with the boats 
under his command, at Tarrytown, far advanced of the enemy, and 
stationed for their greater security in their winter cantonments, 
was apprised that a party of the enemy were approaching with an 
intent, among other objects, to destroy the boats and guard under 
his command, but he had the good fortune to either kill or make 
prisoners the whole of the party, although in the action he was 
wounded, and thereby not only disabled from service for a consider- 
able time, but has in a great measure lost the use of his right arm 
forever ; that as soon as your petitioner was able to withdraw him- 
self from the hospital, he again entered upon his duty, and on the Bd 
of February, 1779, was appointed by General McDougall to a very 
troublesome and confidential service, and stationed at the garrison 
at West Point, which appointment was afterwards confirmed by 
General Washington, and in this station your petitioner remained 
to the close of the war ; that all the pay and subsistence of your 
petitioner was equal to that of a Captain in the line of the army ; 
yet, from the frequent changes in the Quarterm aster-general's de- 
partment, or causes which he knows not, there is due to him his 
pay from the 21st of August, 1778, to the 4th of August, 1780, 
and his subsistence for the same space of time, except while he was 
in the hospital ; and there is also due to him the depreciation of 
his pay from the Ist of September, 1777, to the said 21st of Au- 
gust, 1778. 



OF THE BEVOLUnONABT WAB. 108 

Tour petiUoner is therefore constrained to present his case to 
your honorable body, not doubting but that he will meet with 
that justice and favor which those who have faithfully served their 
country are entitled to ; and in proof of the facts which he has 
herein set fordi, he is ready to produce the most substantial 
vouchers. 

John BucHAirAjr. 

HoDonbl« Googr«8i of the United BttAm. 

Nkw Yobx, Augiut 22, 1785. 

Qm : — On examination of the claims of Lieutenant Pepin for the 
five years' full pay in lieu of half-pay for life, I find that he held a 
r^uiar military commission in Colonel James Livingston's regi- 
Bient ; that he was returned with sundry other officers on the 2dd 
June, 1779, in the musters <^ the regiment, as a supernumerary, 
and furloughed under that idea for twelve months, which furlough, 
by a certificate of General Gates and Colonel Livingston, appears 
to have taken effect ; that his pay as 'a sapemuraerary officer was 
drawn as far as the rolls can be procured, which is up to January 
1, 1780 ; that in the year 1780 he received a pass from one of the 
Aides of the Commander-in-chief as a late Lieutenant of Living- 
ston's regiment ; that he did duty in Malcolm's regiment in Octo- 
ber, 1780, and was seen with the infantry in 1780; that he has 
settled his accounts of depreciation at the Treasury up to July 31, 
1780. On which evidence, I am of opinion his military oommissioA 
an the army of the United States was totally extinct on his becom- 
ing supernumerary ; that he has received in his settlement, and the 
money he has drawn in his regiment, more than to the amount of 
the year's pay promised to supemumersuries at that time ; and that 
therefore, as there was then no other promise, he can have no claim, 
as a late officer c^ Colonel Livingston's regiment, to any further al- 
lowance to half-pay or commutation. 

The certificates that he produces, that he did duty afterwards in 
other corps, cannot, in my opinion, be construed as conferring an- 
other appointment on him as an officer, such appointment being 
derived immediately from Congress. Tliey prove, indeed, that he 



104 OOBBBBPONDENOE OF OFFIOEB8 

served as a volanteer, and may entitle him to any allowances giTen 

to such characters ; but as the grant of commutation is founded 

entirely on actual appointments, it is necessary that he prove sach 

appointment was given to him again after leaving his late regiment. 

This opinion considers his right only as an officer, but should 

those of a Canadian be distinct from the rest of the army^ it may 

not be properly founded. 

I have the honor (o be your obedimit SMrrant, 

John Pisbob. 
Presideiit of Congreea 

Nxw YoBX, August 29, 178&. 
Sir : — ^The commissioner for settling the army accounts, to whom 
was referred the petition of John Buchanan, lately employed m the 
Quartermaster's department, begs leave to report — ^That his prayer 
for depreciation cannot at present be granted. Congress having Id 
no instance given it to officers in that department ; that his claim 
for pay and rations from Angnst 21, 1778, to August 4, 1780, ap- 
pears properly to come unddr the consideraticm of the commissioner 
appointed for settling the accounts of the Quartermaster's depart- 
ment, who is already invested with sufficient authority to finally 
liquidate the same ; that his claim for a proper allowance for his 
maintenance, in consequence of a wound received in battle, arises 
from simple testimony, produced by him, that he received this 
wound in his right arm and shoulder in meritorious service, wherein 
he, with eighteen boatmen under his command, killed and took 
prisoners a party of twenty-five British new levies ; and that this < 
wound has almost totally deprived him of the use of that right arm. 
Yoor commissioner therefore submits that he be considered as com- 
prehended within the benefits of the ordinance of Congress of June 
7, 1785, providmg for those that have been disabled in the service, 
in the same manner as if he had been a Captain in the line. 
I have the honor to be yoor obedient servant, 

John Pibrck. 
President of Congrees. 

Baltdcobe, Sept. SO, 178&. 
Sir : — I was from home when. your letter of the 14th July was 



OF THB SBYOLimOKAKT WAR. 105 

left at my office. It is not in my power to give yon any satisfac- 
tory account of the money received by the Baron De Ealb in the 
year 1780. Captain Marbury of the Maryland line acted at that 
time as Quartermaster to the Maryland division of the army, and 
probably received some part of it ; but I think it improbable that 
the regimental clothiers, forage-masters, or commissaries had much 
of it in their hands ; they were constantly with the troops, and we 
seldom encamped where there was any thing to purchase. In my 
opinion, the Baron expended the principal part of the mofiey, or 
left it in Philadelphia, for clothes and other artides to be forwarded. 
I am your obedient servant, 

O. H. Williams. 
loHH POBOi^ Eki., ^ew Yoik, 

Charlutok, a C^ Sept 15, 1785. 

Sib : — ^I have to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 
14th July, and am sorry I cannot furnish you with the information 
you wish, having none of the orderly books or papers relating to 
that campaign by me. I do not recollect the names of the staff 
officers you suppose the money might have been advanced to, but 
believe Captain Joseph Marbury was the Deputy Quartermaster 
and Captain Roxburg the Commissary, both of the Maryland line. 

General Smallwood is now in Maryland, to whom I would recom- 
mend you to apply for information, and make no doubt he can ac- 
quaint you fully on the subject. 

I have the honor to be, with respect, your obedient servant, 

MoRDECAi Gist. 

JoBH PlEBOB Esq., New York. 

Dtcxmbxr 15, 1785. 

Sir : — Some time last summer I inclosed a furlough given to me 

by Colonel Baylor, wherein he mentions I had one from General 

Greene, which I know he kept when he granted mine. Be pleased 

to be so very good as to say what can be done. Colonel Charles 

Magill will bring whatever you may honor him with. 

I am, sir, yours, 

Albion Tbbookmobton, 

Andabw Dunscomb, Esq., Richmond, Va. 

ft* 



106 OORRE8PONDENOB OP OFFICERS 

Stratfobd, April 18, 1786. 

Sir : — I received yours of the 8th inst. Agreeably to your re- 
quest, as also that of General Lamb's, I have forwarded to Mr. Bull 
a return of the men in my company who received the State bounty 
of £10, with my attestation thereon ; likewise I have inclosed a 
similar return to you with General Lamb's account on the back — 
that is, a copy, being taken from his account stated with me and 
balanced, as will appear. This contains the whole of the bounty 
received from State or Continent. I have all the men's receipts 
to show for the receipt of the same, except John Fite's, who, I am 
pretty positive, received said bounty of £10 of Lieutenant Hughes, 
but I do not find his receipt : said Hughes had the note of me for 
that purpose. That makes the twenty-five recruits which I paid 
said bounty to, agreeably to which General Lamb credited me at 
the time, as you will see. Also you will perceive I paid, or deliv- 
ered to Captain Andrew Mood^, four of said notes, for which he 
has credited me in his accounts. This, sir, comprehends the whole. 
I am inclined to believe that Captain Mott, as well as Moody, has a 
number of these notes. 

I am, dear sir, with respects to your family, your obedient servant^ 
EoBT. Walker, late Captain of Artillery. 

CoL Kr.KAZga Oswald, New York. 

Salem, July 21, 1*786. 

Sib: — Inclosed you will receive my account with the United 
States, and I must request your kind attention to it By reason of 
sickness, I have delayed my account to this time, but hope you 
will be able to settle it ; and if any vouchers are necessary, please to 
inform me. But I must inform you that as I lost my baggage on 
the retreat from Ticonderoga, my receipts were all lost I have 
the original minutes, which I then kept in my journal agreeable to 
each receipt Having the journal in my pocket at that time, I 
preserved it I have inclosed Paymaster Ebenezer Storer's certifi- 
cate. Please to bear in mind that by the act of Congress interest 
is to be allowed from April, 1779. 

I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

Samuel Carlton, Lieut Col. 

John PisaoB, Esq., P. M. Gen^ New York. 



<» THB BEVOLUTIONABT WAB. 107 

RiOHHOin^ July 28, 1786. 

Sir : — Understanding that your oflSce closes on Saturday, and 
finding that my claim as Aid-de-Camp to General Lee cannot be 
liquidated here, I have ventured to solicit the favor of you to ex- 
amine into its merits, and forward the result as speedily as possible. 

I was appointed as Aid to General Lee in May, 1778, and 
continued until his suspension. I was at that time a Captain in 
the 15th Virginia regiment. 

My &ther, John Turberville, has a claim for a wagon, team, and 
D^ro, which were impressed in 1778, and never returned to hhiL 
If this will serve to stay his claim, I will forward on the exhibits 
to prove the impressment, ^c^ which, if they were not at a dis- 
tance, should be forwarded by this post. 

I have the honor to be, widi much esteem, your obedient servant| 

George L. Tubbsbvulx. 

Jomr PiBi€B» Esq., P. IL Gen., New J^A 

July 81, 1786. 

Sib: — In consequence of orders received from the Board of 
Treasury, I settled Major OttendorflTs account, August 8, 1777, 
and paid him a balance of 516f^ dollars. After the account was 
settled, I received a charge against him of 200 dollars advanced 
him by Mease & Caldwell, which the Major promised to account 
for when the receipt was produced. I applied to Mease Sc Cald- 
well for the same, who told me these receipts were lodged witli the 
Treasury Board, and the matter still remains unsettled for that 
sum only. 

The Major says he has pay due him which will more than an- 
swer for t^at sum. You will please therefore to examine into the 
same, and if you think proper, settle with him accordingly. 

I am yours, 

WiLUAM Palfrey. 
Major Clark, 

Savannah, . 

Sir : — I am inclined to think you will find it extremely difficult, 
if not impo88iJ)le, to settle tj^e accpunjs of the Georgia line of the 



108 0ORRE8PONDBN0K OF OFFIOEBS 

late army, bo as to do equal justice to the individuals aud the TTuitod 
States, by the mode you have hitherto adopted, unless you take up 
the whole of their accounts from the beginning of their respective 
services, with those parts of the Quartermaster's and Commissary's 
departments, as each of them were entitled to, as they have already 
made them out themselves, and settled them in that manner with 
the Auditor of the State : for which I ofEer the following reasons, 
which I presume must justify you in any deviation you are obliged 
to make from your general instructions, and as yon will find cannot 
suit this State. 

First, Because, by the distance of this State from Congress the 
little attention paid to it for some time, the neglect of men in office, 
and the uncertainty of conveyance, the several resolves and recom- 
mendations of Congress did not reach it to be put into execution in 
due time, prior to the 29th of December, 17 78, when the State, 
and nearly the whole line of it, fell into the hands of the British^ 
and were chiefly lost ever after. 

Second, Because, that after the capture of Savannah, and while 
the State of Georgia continued in the hands of the enemy, there 
was no regular government existing in the State, and therefore im- 
possible they could take up any directions or recommendations 
fix)m Congress respecting regulations, recruiting, supplies, deprecia- 
tion of pay, (fee, for their line of the late army as other States have 
done, until July, 1*782, when the British evacuated Savannah ; and 
every officer, during that unfortunate period, who had been at large, 
or were released from imprisonment, being driven from their coun- 
try and property, took an active part in the other States, as they 
respectively found an opportunity : and they look to Congress alone 
to make good their engagements, as the State they belonged to was 
rendered incapable. 

And lastly. Because, by an act of the Legislature of Georgia, 
passed at Augusta, 29 th July, 1783, the first time they had leisure 
and opportunity to take up the business, all accounts of officers and 
soldiers of the Georgia line of the State, which were certified by any 
person authorized by Congress, or other authority under them, that 
such accounts as would be passed to the credit of the State with 



OF THE KEVOmnONABT WAK. 109 

the United States^ should be taken as cash in payment of all pub- 
lic sales, with an allowance of 12^ per cent in such payments, pro- 
vided they were tendered within twelve months after the date of 
the act; and was with some difBicnlty prolonged twelve months 
more the last session — therefore the individuals must be capital 
loeeis, without any benefit to the United Statea, unless their ac- 
counts are taken up immediately, and altogether prior to the first 
of August, 1780, when Clongreas took upon themselves to make up 
all deficiencies, as well as since that period — and as the State of 
Georgia was singularly unfortunate, though not for want of exer- 
tkma, and rendered inci^paUe of doing it before. 

I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant, 

Lachlik MoIvtosh, 
Late Brig. Gkn. Commanding the Oeoigia Line. 
JoHV PiXEGi^ Esq., P. M. Gen, i 
at Mrs. Minie's, Savannah, f 

Niw York, Jan. 8, 1*787. 

Sib : — I have delayed the gentleman who handed me your letter 
of the 30 th ult. until this day, in order that I might myself survey 
the whole muster-rolls of your regiment, and obtain a thorough in- 
formation of all the circumstances that attend the recruiting of it ; 
and have now, from a consideration of these and the statement con- 
tained in your letter, formed an opinion that I shall not be justi- 
fied, on the evidence before me, in making an allowance for your 
advances to your ofiScers beyond what you have received from the 
public, if even they can be admitted to that amount 

I hope, sir, that your knowledge of my character will lead you to 
believe, that in the decision I am influenced by no other principles 
but what I conceive to be my duty, and that there appears to me 
an absolute necessity, before your claim can be admitted^ that you 
obtain the approbation of Congress. 

I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pierce. 

CoL ISEAXL ShRK£VB. 

BiOHMOND, Va-, May 18, 1787. 
8iB : — ^There was a large sum of Maryland paper money, which 



110 0ORRB8PONDEN0B OF 0FFI0EB8 

was issued under the act of Congress of March or April, 1780, left 
by an accident, in the year 1781, in the hands of a Mr. William S. 
Alexander, who acted as Quartermaster at Hillsboro' in North 
Carolina ; after which, I am informed that it came into the hands 
of a Mr. Thomas Commander Russell, lately residing at Charleston. 
This latter man has been attempted to be found, but cannot. 
His wife says that he has gone a long way oflf — but where, she can- 
not tell. I am therefore of opinion he may be in Maryland, to dis- 
pose of the money. I give you this information, therefore, that 
you may be watchful, that in case any person should be known to 
be disposing of such money, you may inform me in this city, and 
also the Board of Treasury, as soon as possible, or take any other 
steps you may think advisable. 

I am your obedient servant, 

John Pisbob. 
Thomas Habwood, Esq., ) 
Maryland Loan Office. ) 

RioHMONP, Va., May 18, 1787. 

Sm : — I have but now received your letter of April 16th, and am 
much surprised at the intelligence it contains. 

I wish you to find if this Russell has not come this way, or into 

this State. From some circumstances I am led to suppose that he, 

or some agent for him, is now selling this money. If you can 

trace him out, and give me any information about him, you will 

oblige me by communicating the same at this place, where I shall 

remain imtil about the first of August. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pibrob. 
John Nsufvuu^ Esq. 

RiOBMOKD, May 18, 1787. 

Sir : — Your letter of the 7th inst, with its inclosures, has ar- 
rived. 

I am so much engaged in the State's business, that I have not 
attended to Dr. Bond's claim sufficiently to form an opinion on it. 
I am doing some other business for him with this State, and will 



OF THE REVOLUnONAET WAR. Ill 

write to him on both, when I have accomplished this. I rather 
think his pay ought to be extended to January, 1Y85. 

I do not well recollect what opinion I had formed respecting. 
General Putnam's demands ; but this I remember, that it appeared 
to me that he must be charged with the 3,000 dollars he gave his 
note for to Mr. Bedlow, or for so much of it as is unaccounted for. 
It did not appear to me clearly that he was entitled to his rations, be- 
cause he did no actual duty, and his pay and commutation appeared 
as sofficient compensation to him. Pay, I considered as equivalent 
to services, and rations, to expenses in that service, which he would 
not be at while at home. It occurs to me, however, that the idea 
struck me that his confinement by sickness might make a differ- 
ence, though I believe it did not in his case. You must take the 
opinion of the Treasury or Comptroller, and do as you think proper, 
remembering, in case the allowance is made, there must be clear 
proof that he drew no rations during the time. 

I conclude that the duplicates to General Huntington's papers 
are as good as originals. His case, I suppose, must be referred to 
Congress. 

I wish you to lay the copy of Mr. Neufville's letter before the« 
Board of Treasury, and request information from the Board if they 
have heard from Alexander, and where he is. In the mean time, 
as I am now but a little more than a hundred miles from the place 
where he acted as Quartermaster, I shall endeavor to find him 
out 

I want from you copies of his receipt to the express, and of Mr. 
Clay's attested account-current with him. You will find them in 
my letter to Mr. Neufville or to the Board of Tieasury, when I first 
informed them of this money. It is uncertain when my business 
here will be closed. My compliments to Mrs. Howell. 

Since writing the above, I imagine I have got a clue to find out 
where the man is who has, or has had, the public money in his hands 
which was lodged with Alexander. I wish you therefore to advise 
with the Board, and obtain such legal authority as will enable me 
to prosecute Alexander, in case I find it necessary. His originaJ re- 
ceipt is in Mr. Nourse's oflBce, among my vouchers. Clay's attested 



112 OOBBKSPONIHBNOfi: OF OFFK7EB8 

account is among his papers, in Mr. Noorae's office. Tour imme* 

diate attention to this may be of importance. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

John Pibbob. 
Joseph Howkll, Esq. 

RiOHMOND, May 21, 1787. 

Sir : — I take the liberty to request you to inform me if a Wil- 
liam S. Alexander, or a Thomas Conunander BusseU, can be found 
in your State, and where ? 

My reasons for troubling you on this occasion are, that I have 
good evidence that a large sum of the public money is in one or 
both their hands, and that they are appropriating it to their private 
purposes, and that in case they are found, it is essential that they 
are not alarmed by any notice of my pursuit of them. 

As Mr. Alexander may be known at Hillsboro', you will oblige 
the public very essentially, if you have a correspondent there, by 
writing to him for this information, which I wish to have commu- 
nicated to me, in this city, as soon as possible. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

' John Pibrok. 

Oen. Allen Jones. 

New Yobk, Sept 18, 1787. 
Gentlemen :;— In the letter which I did myself the honor to write 
to the Board, on the 3d inst, I informed the Board that Mr. Clay 
knew that the money which I there referred to was lodged in Alex- 
ander's hands for him, and that therefore it was his neglect that he 
did not secure it for the use of the public ; but having since exam- 
ined more minutejy into Mr. Clay's letters and returns, I find that 
he has not only received this money from Alexander, but acknowl- 
edges, in express terms, that he considers himself accountable for it 
I have the honor to be your obedient servant, 

John Pisrox. 
Honorable Board of Treasury. 

Richmond/ Feb 18, 1788. 
Sir : — Extreme hurry of business has prevented my sending you 



OF THB BEYOLUnONAfiT WAB. 



118 



the return desired until now — ^it most also plead for the manner in 
which it is drawn, as I had not time to give a more official look to 
the writing. 

I am, with much regard, your obedient servant, 

ANDREW DUNBOOMB. 
Joseph Howzll, Eeq. 

JUtmm of men belonging to and eomidertd a» part of the quota of the BiaU 
of Virginia in HazefCt^ Le^e, ArmamtTM, and Invalid eorpe, Thoee er^ 
titled to land art marked *. 



•John Taylor, llajor. 
♦Tarleton Woodson, Major. 
'Richard Edmonston, Sergeant. 
•William Easton, " 

•John Walden, Corporal 
•CJomelius Bearly, " 
•James McGeorge, Private. 
♦Ralph Moore, 



bazen'b corps. 

•John Percival, Corporal 
♦Edward Brooks, Priyate. 
♦WilUam CNeil. 
•Michael Hailstock, Drnmmer. 
•Michael McGomery, Lieutenaal 
•Reuben Taylor, Captain. 
•James Campbell, Private. 
•Charles Galloway, " 



LES B LEGION. 



•Mark Benton, Seigeani 
•Thomas Hogan, ** 

William Strother, " 
•John Alexander, ** 

Charles Bioorehead, " 
•Julius Hite, Corporal 

Richard Marshall, ** 

John Hopper, ** 

James White, " 

•Richard Johnson, " 
•Joseph Braun, ** 

Richard Hall, 
•Andrew Coon, Trumpeter. 

William Haynes, Private. 
•Ephraim Andrew, " 
•William Burke, 
•James Bland, ** 

•John Barber, " 

•Robert Furgesoa, '* 



John Fennel], FriTattL 

John Purcell, •• 

•James Swart, ** 

Joseph Tankersley, '* 

•Benjamin Tyler, ** 

John Walden, • 

•John Brannai^ ** 

William Groves, ** 

Charles Owens^ •* 

•William Halbert, « 

Joseph Owens, " 

Samuel Thompson, ^ 

•Thomas Almond, ** 

•John Green, " 

William Rogers, " 

•Andrew Brann, • 

George Foster, •• 

•William Binna, " 

William Hufl^ *• 



lU 



COERE8PONDENCB OF OFFICERS 



♦WillUm Hailey, Private. 

♦Thomas Thornhill, " 

♦William Lewis. " 

Randolph McDaniel, " 

William Loden, ** 

♦William Bransford, " 

♦WaUam Bigbee, 

William Demus^ ^ 

♦Daniel Gray, " 

John Fleace, " 

♦Brothers Thompson, " 

♦John Brett, «« 

♦John Wiggonton, • 

♦Silas Johnson, " 

♦John Gardiner, " 

♦Samuel Avery, • 

♦William Gamer, " 

Berry Shields, " 

David Partello, ** 

Robert Meydon, '• 

Robert Fishkin, " 

♦Green Robinson, " 

Andrew Tosh, ** 

•Robert Welch, «• 

Daniel Campbell, ** 

Thomas Chapman, " 

Richard Cooper, * 

♦Thomas Fisher, " 

Redman Cruze, ** 

Thomas Whitlook, « 

James Selcock, " 

James Hatchinson, " 

Jacob Lynn, " 

♦Wheedon Smith, " 

David Hambrich, " 

♦John Morris, " 

Richard Riely, '« 

Thomas Jones, " 



♦William Hunt, Private. 
♦Godfrey Smith, 

James Wood, " 

Tandy Holman, " 

Francis Ramsay, '• 

John Richmond, " 

Benjamin Jackson, '* 

Isaac Fanchaw, ** 

James Thompson, " 
♦Charles Bryan, " 

William Carpenter, " 

Daniel Hailey, ** 

Darien Henderson, Qr. Mr^a Ser* 
geant 

John Champe, Sergeant. 

Robert Paver, " 
>*John Mitchell, " 

Wm. B. Harrison, " 
♦John Briggs, Private. 

John Wheeler, " 

James Wheeler, '* 

Benjamin Strother, *' 
♦William Buckley, " 

George Newman, ** 

John Sorrell, " 

Joseph Davidson, * 

Peter Crawford, * 

Henry Aires, ** 

John Myers, *• 

John Zachary, ** 

Thomas Hattaway, ** 
♦Ranson Bridges, ** 

Elijah Walbrow, " 

Isaac Mooney, " 

John Johnson, ** 

Minor Smith, « 

Conrad Patterson, " 

Joseph Asberry, ** 



ARMAND'S CORPS. 

♦William Bawout, Sergeant I ♦Jacob Hiliff, Sergeant 
♦John Nuuelay, " | ♦Detrich Geisekos, " 



OF THE BEVOLUnONARY WAR. 



115 



*Je86e Farmer, CJorporaL 
•Lewis Bapont, ** 

♦Frederick Wattabach, " 
♦John Lloyd, Farrier. 
•Robert Teate, ** 
♦Gothiel Glass, Trumpeter. 
♦James Jenkins, Wagoner. 
•John Rock, Prirate. 

•Samuel Young, ** 

•William Aboor, " 

•Thomas Davis, " 

•John Collins, " 

•Thcnnas Somerset, " 
•William Thomson, " 
•Solomon Alexander, " 
•John Smith, 
•Richard PUes, " 

•Peter Walker, " 

•GodreU Lively, 
•Henry Brider, " 

•William Spencer, " 
•Jacob Lawrence^ '* 
•Nathan Glasby, 
•Robert Strahan, " 
•Joseph Gray, " 

•Samuel Wells, " 

•William Bennett, " 
•John Thompson, '* 
•John Smith, " 

•John Steele, " 

•James Busby, " 

♦William Dayifl^ « 

•Bowlin Coats, " 

•Kathan Farmer, ** 
•Henry Howard, ** 
•James Ramsay, " 

•James Nash, «* 

•Thomas Collins, " 
•John Watts, " 

•John Buzby, " 

•George Walker, " 
•Joseph HartoD, " 



•Presley Anderweek, Prirate. 

•John Baumaster, " 

•George Mayor, ** 

•Jones Jordon, ** 

•James Ramsay, •* 

•John Bryan, " 

•Lewis Langene, ** 

•Andrew Le Bom, ** 

•Matthew Dnohene, " 

•Lewis Bellbose, « 

•John Le Barre, ** 

•John Connor, jmL, " 
•John MiUs, 

•John O'Briant, " 

♦William Carr, «• 

♦Clement Green, " 

♦Thomas Dove, •* 

♦Henry Jacobs, " 

♦Edward Newton, " 

♦John Elliott, « 

♦Benjamin Toltman, ** 

♦John Calligan, " 

♦Peter Jackson, " 

♦John Bnrdoin, •* 

♦Mark Woods, •• 

♦Richard Chapman, " 

♦James Paul, *« 

♦James Key, " 
♦Michael La Rochelle, ** 
♦John ViUe, 

•Arnold La Rekaosance, " 

•John Conner, sen., " 

•Charles Brussell, " 

•John Mowit, ** 

•James Adams, " 

•George Doughty, ** 

•Michael Hardoflfer, " 

♦William Davis, " 

♦Barney Connor, *• 
♦William MarshaU, 

•James McClean, ** 

♦John Smith, ** 



116 



OORBESPONDSNCE OF OFFICERS 



♦Stephen GendeU, Private. 
♦John Goodwin, ** 

•Anthony La Rue, " 
♦Joseph De Court, ** 
•Peter Sans Quartier, " 
•John F. Slicker, " 

•William Dowlina, '* 
•Charles Millipfr " 



•Duncan Young, Private. 

♦Christian Shrawder, ** 

♦JohnNalton, " 

•JohnWright» " 

•Michael La Motte, *' 

•Nicholas Coquette^ " 

•Francis Flenry, ** 

I •John Waters, " 



GIBBS^ GUABDS. 



John Jones, Sergeant 
WUliam Roach, " 
William Jones, Priyate^ 
William Harris, " 
John Edge, ** 

Joseph Parker, " 

Shedraok Painstone, ** 
William Coram, " 
Frederick Young, Sergeant 
Henry Randolph, Corporal 
John Bell, Prirate. 

Robert Wadsworth, " 
Thomas Allen, " 

William Palmer, " 
John King, " 

James Timberlake, " 
James Johnson, " 

Pendleton Isbell, " 
John Bodine, * 



John Sterne, Priyate. 

Abram Yansickle, ** 

Spencer Hill, ** 

Henry Pullen, '* 

Raleigh Christian, '* 

John Smith, " 

Mleaps Mitchell. " 

WUliam O'Neale, " 

Williamson Place, " 

John Dawes, " 

Willmore Cooper, " 

Andrew Harrison, ** 

William Mclntire, " 
Thomas Howl, •• 

Lewis Flemiston, " 

Henry Perry, " 

John Stockdell, ^ 

Miles Brown, " 



TNTALID CORPS. 



•Miles Cardiff Corporal 
•John Massey, " 
•Wm. Bedwerth, « 
•Abram Levi, Private. 
♦Abraham NetUes, 
♦Archibald Rowan, 
♦William Woodford, 
♦Joseph West, 
♦Charles Lenox, 
•Luke Brady, 
•Michael Drake, 



•John Gorbett, PriyatOb 

•Bamhard MoGaw, " 

•Lewis Holmes, ** 

♦Smith Steven, *• 

♦Alex. Dukey, • 

♦Edward Harriss, " 

♦John Martin, «« 

♦Thomas Brown, •• 

♦James Shaw, ** 

•Dennis Diskill, ** 

•John Menrdngfa, ** 



OF THE EEVOLUnOirABT WAB. 117 



•Aadrew H eGuire, Private. 

•Edward Johnson, ** 

•Robert Beakham, " 

•James Wright, " 

•Patrick McCKoe, " 

•James Wheatoo, •* 

*James Gordon, " 

•William Posey, " 

•Joel Harlow, " 
•Peter CoUingB^ 



•Jamea Bodley, Prirate. 

•James Aaderson, " 

•William Morgan, *' 

•Samuel Hodgin, ** 

•Robert ClaA, " 
•Cornelius McCkunerj, • 

•Joseph Robnett> • 

•John Wilson, ** 

♦Heory LawsoD, «• 

♦John Smith, ** 



Those Bot msricsd tn thrss jasis msa. 

Jamvibt 8, 1790. 

Sir : — ^I haye carefuUj ezamiDed the accounts o€ General Moses 
Hazen against the United States, as stated and reported by the late 
Mr. Pierce, and find in that statement every allowance which the 
acts of Congress and the roles of the department will admit, and I 
might add, all that equity and good conscience require. 

The first material objection, I understand, made by General Ha- 
zen to the transit of his account in its present form, is the reduc- 
tion of a balance, unaccounted for in the old emissions of Continen- 
tal currency, at the rate of 20 for 1, the exchange in June, 1779, 
instead of a depreciation of 40 for 1, in January, 1780. 

The inclosed paper, No. 1, is an arrangement of the sums re- 
ceived by General Hazen in old emissions, and their subsequent ap- 
propriations, and shows that the adoption of the scale in June, 1779, 
is going as far in favor of the claimant as justice to the United 
States will admit, and proves that considerable sums remained in 
his possession at the time of his demands for further supplies. 

The next objection of consequence to the statement, is the liqui- 
dation of a payment made by him into the hands of the Deputy 
Paymaster-general in the year 1780, insisting that it should be op- 
posed to the charges for old emissions received. If, sir, this had 
been a payment of money, and it wcJUld appear even possible that 
it was a proportion of the sums received from the treasury of the 
United States, then justice might give her sanction to the demand ; 
but the inclosed paper, No. 2, will show that no part of it was 



. 118 OOBBBSPONDBNOB OF OFFI0BB8 

money, but, on the oontraiy, was warrants drawn bj the Command- 
er-in-chief in favor of sundry oflBcers for extra service in 1780, 
and those warrants dated nearly at the same time in which they 
were received by the Deputy Paymaster-general. 

General Hazen also insists on the propriety of opposing to the 
sums in old emissions charged him, the amount of a certificate 
granted by Clement Biddle, Esq^ in 1780, for forage doe him. 
Upon this I may add, sir, that Mr. Pierce's liquidation of it is in 
exact conformity with the rules and forms established in all the 
offices of the United States. Warrants drawn by the Commander- 
in-chief are reduced to specie by the scale of depreciation at the 
date of the warrant Quartermasters' and Commissaries' certificates 
are liquidated upon the same principles, without inquiry into the 
time of furnishing the articles, or performing the service for which 
these certificates issued. It will remain for the Comptroller of ihe 
Treasury to say whether Otseral Hazen's particular service to his 
country will authorize a departure from rules of office so long es- 
tablished, and which have received the approbation of so great a. 
variety of officers. 

The account in which there is the greatest difference between 
General Hazen's expectancy and Mr. Pierce's admissions, is for re- 
cruiting, he charging and insisting upon an allowance for 341 men, 
said to be recruited in 1781 and 1782, at 20 dollars for each. 

Upon the most exact and critical examination of the muster-roUs, 
only 186 of them appear mustered in those years. 

If, sir, the practice of the army had been that an officer produ- 
cing a man, and having him mustered, was sufficient to entitle the 
officer to the bounty of twenty dollars and the premium for enlist- 
ing him, then the same rule must consequently be applied to this 
claim ; but I believe, sir, that very different was the practice. 

The officer was required to produce the enlistments with the re- 
ceipt of the recruit for his full bounty. In case of the accidental 
loss of these enlistments and receipts, recurrence was had to the 
muster-rolls, which, with the officer's deposition to the truth of the 
several charges, were considered as sufficient to the passage of his 
account I am not sure that General Hazen has declared his having 



OF THK EEVOLUnONAET WAB. 119 

paid the bounty charged Id his account ; but if he does, the papers 
contain such a weight of evidence to the contrary, as must, in the 
opinion of every impartial and disinterested person, entirely invalid 
date his testimony. 

The method adopted by Mr. Pierce in ascertaining the bounty 
paid by General Hazen is shown in the papers. He had in posses- 
sion five accounts of General Hazen's officers, exhibiting the actual 
disbursements in recruiting 129 men. These amounted to nine 
hundred and fourteen dollars, averaging little more than seven dol- 
lars for each recruit, and would produce thirteen hundred and 
eighteen dollars for 186 men, calculating at the same rate. Al- 
though this cannot be positive for more than 129 men, yet the te»- 
timony of the officers affords the strongest presumptive evidence that 
no greater than a proportionate sum was paid for the remainder. 

There appears a charge against General Hazen of 26,692^ dol- 
lars, old emissions : included in the aeeount of Mr. Chinn, Paymas- 
ter to the regiment, a receipt of General Hazen's appears for 15,269 
dollars, dated in October, 1779. A part of the above sum, and the 
other payments, are stated by Mr. Chinn to have been made in 
1778. These, I am of opinion, remain to be debited to General 
Hazen, as they do not appear to have been introduced into the ao- 
oount-current stated by Mr. Pierce. 

It appears from the proceedings of Congress of 26th April, 1785, 
that the accounts of General Hazen were referred, for final adjust- 
ment, to the Board of Treasuiy. Although they did not formally 
report their decision upon the charges, yet I believe, upon inquiiy, 
it will be found there was an entire coincidence of opinion between 
that honorable Board and Mr. Pierce. 

The foregoing is a reference to papers and evidence, I suppose, 

most essential to the Comptroller in his examination of the account. 

John Wmght, 
To the Comptroller. 

Boston, May 9, 1791. 
Sir: — Your favor of the 18th of April, inclosing objections to 
some officers and soldiers charged by the State, as appears by the 
Commissioners of army accounts to be paid to men who were omit* 



120 OOBBESPOKDKNOB OF OFFICERS 

ted at a certaiii time in the retnros, or were never mustered, has 
been received. 

To the settlement with the Massachusetts line of the Continental 
army, I have been one of the Committee from the beginning, and 
can assert from my knowledge that the Committee were very care- 
ful and attentive that no officer or soldier should be considered in 
the line of depreciation for the first three years, or for their pay in 
1780, but those that, by the returns from the Colonels or Com- 
manders of regiments to the Committee, stood fair to be considered 
in respect of pay ; that no officer that was not by the return hon- 
orably discharged, or no soldier that was returned deserted, should 
ever be considered in the line of depreciation, or the same charged 
to the United States as receiving pay : and if any mistake took 
place in this respect, it did arise from the officer's returns, for the 
returns of the officers were the foundation on which the Commit- 
tee proceeded in making the settlement with officers or soldiers. 
You must note that the Committee, in settling with the army for 
the first three years, presumed that all officers and soldiers received 
from the United States the nominal sum of their wages in camp, 
and accordingly charged them with the real value, and this was 
deducted from the whole amount of their wages — whatever the bal- 
ance was after this deduction, was charged the United States. 

In the settlement for the year 1780, the General Court ordered 
the Committee to credit the officers and soldiers with the depre- 
ciation for their not receiving this nominal sum in camp in season, 
and as it became due with interest thereon, which, for a private 
soldier that served the whole of the first three years, amounted to 
£6 1 3, which sum be had credit for in the settlement for 1780, 
in addition to his pay for service in 1780, which was also chained 
the United States, with his pay for the time of service. 

I shall now proceed to give you the information respecting those 
officers and soldiers which you mention to me were objected to. 

The Firsty or Vos^s Begifnent. 
Jonathan Norton, private, returned in Capt Hancock's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole three years. 



OF THE BBVOLUTIONABT WAB. 121 

Banry RaBiior, private, returned in Oupt Haacock'B Co. as inva* 
lided, but made np in the regiment. 

Pierce Moran, private, returned in Capt. Hunt's Co. as invalided, 
but made up in the regiment 

Peter Lahare, private, returned in Capt Hunt's Co. as serving from 
May 17, 1777, to Dec 31, 1779. 

Arthur Day, private, returned in Capt Hont^s Co. invalided, but 
made up in the reg^iment 

Daniel Preble, private, retiurned in Major CoggBwelTs Co. m died 
July 16, 1779. 

Dani^ Bradley, ^mvate, retomed in Capt Coshing's Co. as died 
Nov. 11, 1777. 

Daniel Yicory, private, retomed in the Lieut Colonel's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

Daniel Dyer, private, returned in the Lieut ColonePs Co. as serv- 
ing the whole three years. 

Aaa Hatch, private, returned in the Lieut Colonel's Co. as des^led 
July 4, 1779, returned to his duty in 1780, per Col. Vose's cer- 
tificate. 

James Wesson, private, returned in Major Co^swelFs Co. as de- 
serted, but returned to his duty, and enlkted for during the 



The Second Begiment ^ 

Joaiah Blood, Corporal, returned in the ColonePs Co., discharged 

Feb. 1, 1779. 
William Waterman, private, returned in 3d Co. as died Feb. 16, 1777. - 
Enoch Stocker, private, returned in dd Co. as invalided. 
Abner Hall, private, returned as serving the whole time. 
Benoni Barrell, private, returned in 4th Co. as discharged May 12, 

1778. 

The Third RegimenU ' ' 

Ebenezer Priest, private, returned in Capt Summer's Co. as on com- 
mand with Qr. Mr. Gen. at Boston. 

Jnatin Day, private, returned in Capt Flower's Co. as serving the 
whole time from April 18, 1778. 

e 



122 OOBBBBPONDBNOB OF OFFICBB8 

Abel Hancock, private, returned in Oapt Cot4;oii^» Go. as mvalided. 
Joeiah Lyon, Sergeant, retomed in Capt Foster's Co. as invalided. 
Stephen Whitbg, Sergeant, returned in OapL Foster's Ga as killed 
July 22, 1777. 

The Fourth Beffiment f/^^ J ^^ ^-i/^X^ 

Ebenezer Brewster Goukl, Lieutenant, returned by CoL Sh^ftaid aa 

Ist-Lieut in his regiment, Jan. 1^ 1777, to April 12, 1778. 
Nathani^ Gale, private, returned in Gi^ Learnard'a Co. «a aervmg 

from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1778. 
Gershom Whiting, private, returned in Gapt Field's Go. as diod 

Nov. 20, 1777. 
Jacob Benard, private, returned in Gapi. Field's Go. diseharged after 

serving 26 days. 
John Herrick, private, returned in Gapt. Moore's Go. as serving the 

whole time. 
Moses Town, private, returned in Gapt. Moore's Go. as invalided. 
Charles Flacaty, private, returned as taken priscmer June 20, 1777., 
John Bowers, private, returned in Gapt. Pleld's Go. as died July 1, 

1777: his allowance ixx delay of payment makes the differe&oe. 

The Fifth BegimenU A -^"^f : • / - 

Benjamin Jacobs, private, returned in Capt. Gardner's Go. as dis- 
charged Oct. 24, 1777. 
Butler Everett, private, returned in Gapt Moseys Go. as discharged 

Oct. 15, 1777. 
Daniel Gilson, private, returned in Capt Mose's Co. as discharged 

Oct 24, 1777. 
Josiah Mills, private, returned in Gapt. Mose's Co. as discharged 

Oct 24, 1777. 
John Conn, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as transferred to 

Col. Smith's regiment May 16, 1777. 
James Gray, private, returned in the Colonel's Co^ as invalided, but 

made up in the regiment. 
Samuel Winship, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as dischai;ged 

Aug. 1, 1777. 



or m BEVOLunoir AKT war. 1S8 



BhRwj Rpai^ private, retonied n «ke Colonel's Go. Aom llaiok 80, 

1779, to Dec 81, 1779. 
nomM Whaling, private^ letwned ia CttpL Dbmob'b Co. at dia- 

charged Sept 5, 1777. 
Natbaniel Pease, priyate, ezdunged for JcteWebl^ Angvst 28, 

1777, in Capt Whipple's Co. 

T%e Sixth BegimmU v ^ 
Bakkn Daaferth, B urfg i i , rataraed in the 6lh regnaant aa NBignad 

March 1, 1779. 
B b s poaer Crane, priTalsv i^tomed in Capt Speed's Co. wdischarfsd 

Jan. 11, 1778. 
Uaumd Britt, priTate, retmed m Capt Hokku's Co. as serfjag 

the whole time from Jan. 1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1780. 
Jeka I>eaii, fnrivate, returned in Oqpt Holdea's Co. m died Jalj 

18, 1777. 
Danid Dalond, private, rafconied inCbpt. Holdei^sCo.as iayaKded* 
Jasie Ibwler, private, Tetamad in Capt flolden's Co. fer the whok 

time. 
Jacob Holliday, private, retmned in tlie Colonel's Co. as dis- 

chsigad 8^ 19, 1779. 
Benajah Woodbury, private, retomed in the Colonel's Co. as serving 

the wh<4e tnae to Deeember 81, 1779. 
Nathan Beard, private, retomed in 7th Co. as invalided. 
Bet^snia Baldwn, do^ do. do. do. 

Jonathan Frost, do. do. do. da. 

4 

The Seventh Begimmt. - • 
John Woodnma, Sergeant, wtnraed in Capt Lasses Oo. to Oct 10, 

1779, and then promoted to an officer. 
John Cole, private, latoraad la Ciqst Lane's C6. for the whole time. 
Charles Hudsom, private, retnraed in Capt Lane's Co. as taken 

prisoner Nov. 10, 1778, and charged with £50 8 10 as pay. 
Robert Pasco, private, returned as being in Boston jail May 12, 1777. 
Jaaepk i^leby, private, retomed ia Capt Laoa's Co. as serving 

from Feb. 28, 1778, to Dec 81, 1779. 



194r 00BBBBF0NDBN08 OF OFHOBBS 

Biohard Tilly, private, returned in the 3d Co. aa discharged Sept 

2, 1777. 
Daniel Dana, private, returned in Capt Da/s Co. aa taken prisoner 

July 31, 1777. 
Sylvanus Burke, private, returned in Capt Day's Ca as discharged 

Nov. 11, 1777. 
Luke Day, private, returned in Capt Day's Co. as discharged Nov. 

11, 1779, 
Jesse Cole, private, returned in Capt Day's Co. as discharged Nov. 

11, 1779. 
Abiger Richmond, private, returned in Capt Day's Co. as dis- 
charged Sept 15, 1777. 
Abijah Addition, private, returned in Capt Reed's Co. as serving to 

December 31, 1779. 
James Parmeter, private, returned in Capt Reed's Co. as serving to 

December 31, 1779. 

Thomas Ross, private, returned in Capt Reed's Co. as invalided. 

Edward Dascon, private, returned in Capt Lane's Co. as serving the 

whole time. ^ ;",•'> 

The Eighth Regiment. '-^ / ' ' 

David Hill, Sergeant, returned in Capt Bumam's Co. as died Sept 

C, 1778. 
James Kittle, private, returned in Capt Bumam's Co. as died Feb. 

16, 1778. 
William Bunton, private, returned in Ciq[>t Bumam's Co. as deswi- 

ed, after serving 9 months. 
Daniel Whailin, private, returned as a deserter, after 8 months' 6 

days' service. 
Michael McLaughlin, private, returned as a deserter, after serving 

12 days. 
Peter Ross, private, returned in Captain Bumam's Co. as a deserter, 

after 15 months' 18 days' service. 
Daniel Gray, private, retumed in Capt Bumam's Co. as died Aug. 

5, 1778. 
Lather Topliff» private, retumed in Capt Bumam's Co. as serving 

the whole time. 



OP THE BEVOLUTIONABY WAR. 126 

Stephen Yarnum, private, Tetnrned in Capt Cleveland'a Co. as died 

May 30, 1777. 
James Bailey, Sergeant^ returned in Capt Bancroft's Co, as serving 

the whole time. 
George Lord, private, returned in Capt Wiley's Co. as died Oct 8, 

1777. C i <•' 

Th/B Ninth £epimeni. ,^ ' ^ * - * ^' 

Stephen Elbridge, Qr. Mr's. Sergeant^ returned in the Major's Co. as 
serving the whole ^e. 

Joseph Gray, private, returned in Capt Watson's Co. as serving the 
whole time. 

John Matterson, private, returned in Capt Watson's Co. as dis- 
charged May 1, 1778. 

Samuel Maxfield, private, returned in Capt Dix's Co. as discharged 
Dec. 24, 1777. 

William Gordon, private, returned in Capt Blanchard's Co. as in- 
valided. 

Seth Sturdivant, private, returned in 2d Co. as serving the whole 
time. 

John Newcomb, private, returned in Capt. Carr's Co. as deserted 
March 1, 1778. 

The Tenth, or JfarshalPs JRegimenL 

Seth DeHno, Sergeant, returned in Lieut Colonel's Co. as taken 

prisoner. 
Henry Blasdell, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as died May 

7, 1777. 
Edmond Horton, private, returned in the Colonel's Co. as invalided. 
Ebenezer Bowman, private, returned in the 1st Co. as died April 

20, 1777. 
William Condell, private, returned in the Ist Co. for the whole time. 
Peter Franklin, private, returned in the Ist Co. as died April 21, 

1777. 
Abel Mood, private, returned in the Ist Co. as died April 1, 1777. 
Richard Barnard, private, returned in the 2d Co. as invalided. 



126 00BBE8P0NDEN0B OF OFFI0SB8 

Blisha Mooaell, prirate, reiorned in 2d Cki. as invalided* 

Silas Carter, private, returned in the 8d Co. as discharged June 20, 

1777. 
Levi Carter, private, returned in the SdCo. as hiring a man to take 

his place Qept 1, 1779. 
John Conway, private, returned in the 4th Co. as invalided. 
Samuel Payson, private, returned in the 4th Co. as taken prisoner 

July 6, 1777. 
Colbum Barrett, private^ returned in the 6\h Co. as died Nov. 80, 

1777. 
Esperana Ldtohfield, private^ returned in the 5th Co. as died May 1, 

1778. 
Joseph Yinal, private, setumed in the £th Co* fi>r the whole 

time. 
Nathan Crosby, private, returned in the Major's Co. as died July 6, 

1777. 

The Meventh, or Col, Benj. Tupper*8 Regiment. 

John Skilling% Captain, returned by Col. Tupper &r 1^ time he is 

made up. 
Peter Martin, private, returned in Capt Abbott's Co. as drafted into 

Gen. Washington's Life Guards. 
Sampson Faye, private, returned in Captain Abbott's Co. as serving 

from July 29, 1779, to Dec. 81, 1779. 
William Watkins, private, returned in Capt. Abbott's Co. as serv- 
ing from July 29, 1779, to Dec. 81, 1779. 
John Lovejoy, private, returned in Capt. Abbott's Co. as died Oct 

13, 1778. 
Amos Enowlton, private, returned in Capt Abbott's Co. as died 

June 30, 1778. 
Daniel Lampson, private, returned in Capt Porter's Co. (or the 

whole time. 
Riduffd Lee, private, returned in Capt Porter's Co. as died May 1, 

1777. 
John Smith, private, returned in Capt William Greenleaf s Co. ibr 

the whole time. 



OP THX BEYOLUnONAST WAB. 127 

Solomon Anbirc, private, retnrned in Oapt GreenleaTs Co. as died 

Oct 4, 1778. 
Daniel Collings, priyate, returned in Capt Greenleafs Co. as died 

Dec 7, 1777. 
Syphax Carey, private, returned in Capt. Greenleafs Co. as died 

Dec 15, 1777. 
Jaoob Lont, private, retnrned in Capt Gre^leaTs Co. fbr the whole 

time. 
William Lewis, private, returned in Capt. Greenleafs Co. for the 

whole time. 
Newport Richardson, private, returned in Capt Greenleafs Co. for 

the whole time. 
ichn Aflkins, private, returned in Capt Greenleafs Co. for the 

whole time 
John Annis, private, returned in Capt Greenleafs Co. for the whole 

time. 
John Fielding, private, returned in Ci^ Greenleafs Co. for the 

whole time. 
John Hut<^in8on, private, returned in Capt Greenleafs Co for the 

whole time. 
<^ver Page, private, returned in Capt Greenleafs Co. as discharged 

Nov. 16, 1777. 
Nathan Filburt, private, returned in Ciqpt. Page's Co. as died Jan. 

16, 1778. 
Abraham Dayle, private, returned in Capt Page's Co. as in- 
valided. 
William Rea, private, returned in Capt Page's Co. for the whole 

time. 
Jerome Hutchins, private, returned in Capt Page's Co. for the time 

he is made up for. 
William McEinney, Sergeant, returned in Capt Clark's Company 

as promoted to Ensign, April 3, 1777. 
Beuben Clough, private, returned in Capt Clark's Co. as died Oct 

1, 1777. 
J<mathan Lnmbard, private, returned in Capt Clark's Co. as taken 

prisoner July 7, 1777. 



128 OOBBBBPONDENOB OF OFFIOEBS 

Philander SmiUi, priyate, returned in Capt Clark's Co. as died Oct 
20, 1777. 

James Snow, private, returned in Ciqpt. Francis' Co. as discharged 
May 28, 1777. 

Joshua Hatch, private, returned in Capt Francis' Co« as disGhai]ged 
Jan. 21, 1778. 

John Whoston, private, returned in Capt Francis' Co. as discharged 
May 20, 1777. 

Tobias Pillsbury, private, returned in Capt Marbury's Co. as inva- 
lided, and discharged Dec 21, 1779. 

Reuben Libby, private, returned in Ci^t Maybury's Co. as inva- 
lided. 

Bartholomew Thompson, private, returned in Capt Maybury's Co. 
as discharged Jan. 19, 1778, by order of Maj. Gen. Heath. 

William Sayer, private, returned in Capt Maybury's Co. as died 
July 1, 1778. 

John Lombs, private, returned in Capt. Clark's Co. as died July ^ 
1777. 

James Ryon, private, returned in Capt Maybury's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Hannaniah Clark, private, returned in Capt. Maybury's Ca as takea 
prisoner, and died March 1, 1779. 

Ebeneaer Chase, private, returned in Capt Maybury's Co. as dis- 
charged May 28, 1778. 

John Miller, private, returned in Capt Maybury's Co» as discharged 
May 28, 1778. 

Thomas Jones, private, returned in Capt Maybury's Co. as died 
July 7, 1777. 

Benjamin Bailey, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Thomas Foot, returned in Ci^t White'a Co. as discharged January 
1, 1779. 

Jonathan Osburn, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as died 
Oct 16, 1779. 

Timothy Pratt, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as killed July 
7,1777. 



OF THB BEYOLUnOKABT WAB. 199 

Rkhard Poor, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as taken pris- 
oner July 7, 1777. 

John Shannon, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as killed July 
7, 1777. 

David Thompson, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

William Wilson, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Thomas Wilham, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as lolled 
July 7, 1777. 

John Stone, private, returned in Capt White's Co. as died May 10, 
1777. 

The Twelfth BegimmL ^ ^ '■ ' 

l^othy Whiting, Dep. Qr. Mr. General, made up in Sproat's Reg., 
agreeahle to his discharge signed hy Col. TJdny Hay. 

Jonathan Milbury, private, returned in the ColoneFs Co. as dia- 
charged Nov. 8, 1779. 

Benjamin Beary, private, returned in the Major's Co. as taken pris- 
oner July 6, 1777. 

Asa Hutchins, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as taken pris- 
oner July 7, 1777. 

Edward Davis, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as discharged 
July 1, 1777. 

John Godfrey, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as died April 
25, 1779. 

Joseph Keeter, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as taken pris- 
oner Dec. 1, 1777. 

Zacheus Nixon, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as died May 
18, 1777. 

Job Reamond, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as died Feb. 
6, 1777. 

Demp Squearis, private, returned in Capt Means' Co. as a prisoner 
Dec 7, 1778. 

Thomas Bickford, private, returned in Capt Hitchcock's Co. as ii>- 
yalide^. 



130 OOSKSaPONDENOfi OF OFFI0UB8 

Noah Taylor, private, returned in Capt. Hitchcock's Co. for the 
whole time, but sick in the hospital till he died Dec 1, 1780. 

Abel Whitney, prirate, returned in Capt. Sewell*s Co. as discharged 
Aug. 12, 1777. 

Richard Hines, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Ca as dis- 
charged July 16, 1778. 

Thomas Harmon, private, returned in Capt Burbank's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

Elias Starbird, private, returned in Capt Burbank's Ca as killed 
July 7, 1777. 

Jacob Smith, private, retimied in Capt Burbank's Co. as takeo 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Abraham York, private, returned in Capt. Burbank's Co. as taken 
prisoner July 7, 1777. 

Peter Pease, Sergeant, returned in Capt. Williams' Co. as dischai^;ed 
Dec. 1, 1779. 

Simeon Woodworth, private, returned in Capt Williams' Ca m 
died June 10, 1778. 

_ r /■> ^ '^"' / C 

The Thirteenth Regiment, cv ^^' c ' ^ < 

Isaac Burton, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Smith as serving in his 

regiment to Sept. 9, 1777, and then resigned. 
Joshua Chase, Surgeon's Mate, returned by CoL Smith as serving 

from Jan. 1, 1777, to June 23, 1777. 
John Storey, private, returned in the Colonel's Ca as serving the 

whole time. 
John Glass, private, returned in Capt J. K. Smith's Ca from Oct 

23, 1778, to Dec. 31, 1779. 
Peter Marshall, private, returned in Capt J. K Smith's Co. as dis- 
charged Nov. 6, 1778. 
Samuel Vose, private, returned in Capt Ebenezer Smith's Co. for 

the whole time. 
John Shaysbirck, private, returned in Capt Ebenezer Smith's Ca 

as exchanged March 15, 1779. 
John Millon, private, returned in Capt Ebenezer Smith's Co. from 

March 16, 1779, to Dec. 31, 1779. 



or THS BBYOLimONAAT WAB. 181 

Jonathan Hemmenway, private, retonied in Capt. Allen's Co. as 
serving the whole time. 

Abieser Washbnm, private, ntcumed in Capt Allen's Co. as died 
Nov. 17, 1111. 

John Hensell, private, netnniedin CapU Woodbridge's Ca as a de- 
serter. 

Joha Kent, private, seltuniad in Capi. Woodbridge's Co. as died 
June 1, 1778. 

WUliain Maoii, priviate, vetoised in Capt^ Woodbridge's Ca as serv- 
ing from May 16, 1779, to Dec 31, 1779. 

Btfqamin Ballard, Sergeant, returned in Capt Page's Co. fiur the 
whole time. 

WilMam Gould, private^ returned in Capt Page's Ca for the whole 
time. 

Gavenah Haskell, private, returned in Capt Page's Co. as died May 

20. 1777. 

Jaoeb Jones, private, returned in Capt Page's Ca as discharged 

Sept 1, 1777. 
Joshua Wiltham, private, returned in the Minor's Ca ae serving the 

whole time. 
Henry Leland, private, returned in the Minor's Ca as serving the 

whole time. 
'Hnioihy Nokea, private, retumed in tiie Major's Co. as died June 

18. 1778. 

Fortune Homer, private, retumed in the MiyOT's Ca as died A^ril 

18, 1777. 
Robert Murphy, private, retumed in the Minor's Co. as left sick at 

Albany, Oct 1, 1777. 
James Qarriah, private^ retumed in Capt Smart's Co. as died May 

29, 1777. 
Benjamin Robbina, private, returned in Capt Smart's Co. as died 

May 20, 1778. 
Samuel Wimble, private, retumed in Capt Smart's Co. as died 

May 20, 1777. 



189 00BBB8FONDBN0B OF OFFI0BB8 

The Fourteenth Eegimmt. Va.** ^ / ' ^ y ^r a^ 

Seth CotUe, Sergeant^ returned in Capt Turner's Co. as serving 
the whole time. 

Jonathan Elms, Corporal, returned in Capt Turner's Co. as spring 
the whole time. 

Samuel Bennet, Corporal, returned in Capt Bedding's Co. as dis- 
charged Dec. 1, 1Y78. 

Samuel Ellis, Corporal, returned in Capt Wadsworth's Co. for the 
whole time. 

William Shune, private, returned in Capt Bedding's Co. as serving 
from March 25, 1YT9, to Dec. 31, 1779. 

Asa Fuller, private, returned in Capt Wadsworth's Co. as died 
Sept 16, 1779. 

SjlvanuB Hall, private, returned in Capt Wadsworth's Co. as serv- 
ing the whole time. 

Samuel Newell, private, returned in Capt Wadsworth's Co. as died 
June 10, 1778. 

Joshua Finkham, private, returned in the dd Co. as dischaiged 
March 11, 1778. 

John Beake, private, returned in the dd Co. as died Jan. 1, 1778. 

William Allen, private, returned in the Sd Co. as died Jan. 31, 1778. 

Jonathan Ball, private, returned in the 4th Co. for the whole time. 

Zebedee Sears, private, returned in the 4th Co. as died Dec. 10, 1778. 

Jonathan Halioway, private, returned in the 4th Co. as killed June 
9, 1777. 

James Cole, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 

Jane Eeeler, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 28, 1777. 

Vernon Toby, private, returned in the 5th Co. as died May 14, 1777. 

Labor Linis, private, returned in the 5th Co. as discharged August 
20, 1779. 

Benjamin Lumber, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 

James McCibb, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalided. 

Joseph Nicholson, private, returned in the 5th Co. as invalid 

Jere Jae, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died May 28, 1777. 

George Shem, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died July 14, 1777. 



OV tSB BKVOLUnOHABT WAS. 188 

William HaskeH, priyate» retained in the 6th Co. as died May 2, 

1777. 
Moses Tob, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Dec 20, 1777. 
Richard Thomas, private, retomed in the 6th Co. as died Jan. 4, 

1778. 
Ansel Gbors, private, returned in the 6th Co. as died Dec. 3, 1777. 
Zechens Eddj, Sergeant, returned in the 6th Co. as died June 9, 

1777. 
Jonathan Sanders, Sergeant, returned in the 7th Co. as killed July 

7,1777. ' 
Nathan Fane, private, returned in the 7th Co. to June 18, 1777. 
Joseph Chamberlain, private, returned in the 7th Co. for the whole 

time. 
Lot Blj, private, returned in the 7th Co. as died March 1, 1778. 
Jabez Brooks, Sergeant^ returned in the 8th Co. as serving the 

whole time. 
John Strong, private, returned in the 8th Co. as died Feb. 10, 1778. 
Nathan Barry, private, returned in the regiment and made up by 

CoL Bradford's certificate. 

The Fifteenth BegimmU 

Timothy Calton, private, returned in Capt. Smithes Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
William Wyman, private, returned in Capt. Smith's Co. as serving 

the whole time. 
Daniel Cole, private, returned in Capt Smith's Co. as serving the 

whole time. 
Prentiss Bussell, private, returned in Capt Barnes' Co. as exchanged 

Oct 1, 1777. 
Silas Wyman, private, returned in Capt Barnes' Co. as killed Aug. 

6, 1779. 
Richard Wesson, private, returned in Capt. Monroe's Co. as died . 

Aug. 20, 1777. 
G^rge Enight, Drummer, returned in Capt. Ellis' Co. as invalided. 
Samuel Barret, private, returned in Capt Brown's Co. as serving 

from March 11, 171M), to Dec. 31, 1779. 



IM ooBBBffonMBraB or oi 



7%e Sixteenih RegimmU i// l^-^'^d 



Banc Brown, Sergeant, returned in Gapt. Brown's Co. as serving to 

Dec. 31, 1779. 
Allen Tamer, private, returned as serving in the Lieut. CoL's Co. 

the whole time. 
Asa Ware, private, returned in H. Jackson's regiment from CoL 

Lee's regiment, invalided, serving the whole time. 
John Gragg, private, returned in H. Jackson's regiment from CoL 

Lee's r^^iment, and invalided. 

Col. John Grants ArtiUery. 

Jere Niles, Lieutenant, returned by Col. Crane as Captain-lieutenant 

in his regiment from Jan. 1, 1777, resigned Sept. 9, 1778. 
Payne Downs, Sergeant^ returned in Capt. Cook's Co. made up by 

Col. Crane's certificate for the time of service, being to Feb. 

28, 1779. 
Martin Norwich, Bombardier, returned in Capt Donnell's Ca aa 

killed at Tarry Town, July 16, 1778. 
James Day, Gunner, returned in Capt Winslow's Co. as discharged 

by Gen. Gates, Deo. 81, 1777. 
Alexander Perkins, Matross, returned in Capt LiUie's Co. as serving 

to Dec. 31, 1778. 
Oliver Tidd, Matross, returned in Capt Treadwell's Co. as serving 

the whole time. 

Deranged Officer. 
William Tudor, Lieutenant-colonel, is returned as Lieut Col. of Col. 
Hendiey's raiment, as resigned April 9, 1778, per Gen. Heath's 
certificate. 

Major CHbb^ Corps. 

Michael Titcomb, Corporal, said to be in Gen. Washington's Lifo- 
Guards, and was made up for his depreciation by a special re- 
solve of court 

Charles King, Sergeant-major, made up for his depreciation by a 
certificate from William Wa^ington, Lieut Col. 



Of inpi MmwoujraomkMw WAit. 135 

^chael CttUfrell, Vifer, made up for his dejureciatioii by a diachai^ 

from William Washington, Lieut. Col. of Light Dragoons, 
Nathaniel Potter, private, returned by Major Qibbe aa commanding- 
general of Washington's Guards. 
The above is a true c<^y from the returns lodged in this office. 

John Dimino, 
One of the CkNmmittee for settling with the Mswechnietti 
Line of the Cootineiital Army. 
[Noaddreai.] 

Nov. % 1191. 
Sir : — ^You will receive by the hands of Colonel Israel Shreeve 
his account against the United States for recruiting the late Second 
Regiment of New Jersey, in the years 1777, '78, and '79. As Mr. 
Pierce made some objection to the passage of this account, I have 
been the more particular in the examination of the evidence in sup- 
port of the charges ; and am fully of opinion that the balances now 
reported are justly due to Colonel Shreeve. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howxll. 
Mr. Wm. &iacoim. 

Pat Office, Kov. 4, 1791. 

Sir : — I have attended to the several matters contained in your 
letter of the 2d inst 

On examining the muster-roll of the late Virginia line, I find 
Nathaniel Lucas was commissioned a lieutenant the 28th Septem- 
ber, 1776, and was deranged on the 1st of October, 1778. The 
musters are silent in respect to any promotion ; but as the musters 
of the Virginia Line are exceedingly impetfect, and as Colonel Wood 
was one of the senior officers of that line, I am of opinion that his 
evidence should be admitted. 

You will inform the Secretary of War, that Mr. Lucas has no 
credit on the books of this office for one year's pay as a supernu- 
merary officer, and that in consequence of delaying an application 
for this pay he is foreclosed by the act of limitation. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Joseph Howell. 

B. J. VAHDKf BaoaoK, Esq. 



136 OCmBBBFONIOKOB OF OFFI0BB8 

NoYBCBn 11, 1791. 
Sir : — On appealing to the muster-rolls of General Hazen's regi« 
ment, it appears that Major Tarleton Woodson was furloughed in 
December, 1781, the term not mentioned; and on the muster for 
March, 1782, taken on the Ist of April following, it is noted oppo- 
site his name, "ftwlough expired, March 1, 1782;" after which 
Major Woodson does not appear either on the musters, or in the 
accounts of the regiment The regiment consisted of ten compa- 
nies in 1782, and of eight in 1783. No promotion appears to have 
taken place in consequence of Major Woodson's leaving the regiment. 
I am, sir, your obedient senrant^ 

Joseph Howell. 
Hod. Secretary of War. 

Rboister's Office, Nov. 16, 1791. 

Sir : — ^Lieutenant Christian Orendorff, of the sixth Maryland re- 
giment, has made application at this office to know whether there 
is any charge against him on the books of the Treasury. I have 
examined the records of the Department, and cannot find that any 
settlement has taken place with him. He alludes to an arrearage 
of pay and rations due to him while he was a prisoner. 

If you can point out any particular reference which may be ob- 
tained in this office that will show light on the nature of his claim, 
it shall be attended to. 

I am your obedient senrant, 

Joseph Dawsok. 
J. Howell, Esq., Acting P. 11 Gen. 

Pat Office, Nov. 16, 1791. 
Sir: — ^The muster-rdls of the late German Regiment express 
that Philip Flowers was enlisted Nov. 1, 1776, for the war, and was 
killed Oct. 4, 1777. On reference to a list of balances paid by the 
Paymaster of this regiment, it appears the sum of 1^ dollars was 
returned to the Paymaster-general as due to Flowers, which sum is 
still due the estate at a depreciated rate, therefore not worthy of 
notice. The heirs of the deceased are not entitled, agreeably to 
the existing acts of Congress, to depreciation ; but I am deiurly of ' 
opinion they are to the proportion of lands. 



OF THE BByOLUnOlTABY WAR. 187 

I Have carefallj examined the record of the iPennsjlvaaia line, 
formed from the musters, and cannot find the name of Phineas 
Kuhn^ or Coon, I am apprehensiye, if th^re waa one of that name 
died in serrice, that he most have been in the ho^ital Ua some 
time, and was omitted in the mnstera, which was too frequently the 



I am jonr obedient servaDt^ 

Joseph Howni» 
Hon. Secretary of War. 

Pat Ofvtoi, Nor. 17, 1791. 
Sir : — It appears by the arrangement of the late line of Yhr 
ginia, that OHver Towles was a laenteoant-colonel in the fifth Vir- 
ginia regiment, and was arranged as such to the First R^ment in 
in the year 1783. But it is further remarked on this arrangement, 
that Lieutenant-colonel Oliver Towles retired, and that Lieutenant- 
colonel Samuel Hawes took his plactf. There being but one regi- 
ment) a settlement could only take place with one of them ; and in 
consequence of the application of Lieutenant-colonel Hawes, the 
Assistant Commissioner settled with him to Nov. 15, 1783. Lieu- 
tenant-colonel Towles now comes forward with a claim for his pay 
in 1783, whidi I presume cannot be granted. 

I am, sir, yonr obedient servant, 

J« HoWKLL. 
Bon. Seeretary of War. 

Wab OFnoB, Nov. 22, 1791. 

Sir : — ^I am directed by the Secretary of "War to transmit you 

the inclosed petition of Thomas Jenny and Andrew Dover, late 

officers in Colonel Magaw's regiment, and who were taken prisoners 

at Fort Washington in 1776. The Secretary requests you wifl 

please to examine their claims, and report your opinion accordingly. 

I am, sir, your humble servant, 

John Staog. 
Job. Howbu^ Esq. 

Pat OmoE, Not. 24, 1791. 
Sm : — Agreeably to your request I have examined the musters 



188 OORRBSFONDBNCOB OF OFUCmcS 

ci the kite Virginia line, imm whieh it i^npean tbst there was a Wil- 
Hmd Bark eoMeted in the Tliird Regiment on the 16th of Febnuffj, 
1778, f(X one jear, and was discharged from the Fifth R^ment 
FeK 16, 1779. lliere also appears a William Bark in the Seventh 
Regiflnent, who was mustered in that regimeat in Deeemher, 1778, 
for the war; and in the Eleventh R^ment there is also a William 
Bark, mustered in May, 1777, fbr the same term: the 11th regi- 
ment being incorporated with the 7th in or about November, 1778, 
it may be presumed that they are one and the same person. 

ib farther appears there was a William Burk in the Sixth R^- 
ment, who enlisted Dec. 7, 1776, and a William Burk in the Tenth 
Begimenti who appears to have been enlisted on the same day for 
ih» war. I believe the 10th r^pment was incorporated with the 
6th in 1778. It is therefore probable they are one and the same 
person* 

By the accounts of the State of Virginia for depreciation of pay 
to h& line, it i^pears that four of the name were settled with, viz. : 

William Burk, for 18 months' service, . . £36 

William Bark, from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 1777, . 103 19 8 

William Burk, do. do. . 102 8 11 

WiUiam Burk, from March 19 to Dec. 81, 1777, 19 1 10 ' 

I have also examined the settlements made by the Assistant Com- 
missioner of Army Accounts for Virginia, and find that he settled 
with one William Burk of Colonel Lee's Legion. This man, ex- 
clusive of certificates issued, had 16 dollars specie due him, which 
sum, with others, was put into the hands of John Hopkins, Esq^ 
and is probably the sum which is now claimed, and paid to his 
order or some one of the name. 

I wish to remark to you that, if the present applicant did not 
belong to Colonel Lee's Legion, he has no claim on the United 
States for specie or other pay, that I can find by any record in this 
office. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

JOSBPH HOWBLL. 

Hen. JAimJICAMMMr. 



or THB BKVOLUnOMABT WAB. 189 

AuMTOB^ OffiOB, AmtAVoui^ Nmt. W^ I'm. 

DsAR 8m : — ^I am Isrored with joure by John BeiiBetl of Lee's 
L^on, and bare made inquiry lespeodng bis finak Ifr. White 
has lodged none with the Execative, except such as have been 
issued to the Maryland line in Ik own name. If Mr. While exhib- 
ited no Yonchers for the setttement of the eertiioates from Mr. 
Dnnaeomb, I see no ehanoe at Hm time to oome al the certainty 
whether any part has been applied to Uie pnrpoees fer which it was 
iasaed. I imi^ne yon can famisli him with the aeconnt as stated 
by Mr. Dnnscomb to enable him to resort to Mr. White*^ estate. 
He alleges be never noeiYed his depreeiatioaw It has been paid 
here. Gannei yon refer to the yonchers and let him know to whom 
the same was paid ! The checks in my ofBca do Boi give the in- 
formation. 

I shall be much obliged to yon for a copy of Captain-lientenant 
Bbenezer Finley's accoimt as stated and settled in your office as an 
offieer of the Maryland Artillery, and also as Deputy Judge-advo- 
cate of the Sovthem army. Mr. White procured me a copy once 
for his executor, which I delivered ; but by some means the persons 
concerned in the adjustment of his estate cannot agree on the prin-' 
dplea, and the first copy cannot now be produced. 

Whatever charge may attend this business, I will direct some of 
my friends in your city to discharge the debt immediately. 

I am really sorry to hear <^ our friend Richmond's illness, I 

hope by this time he has recovered much. My compliments to him 

and Knapp, and believe me to be» 

Most sincerely, your friend and humble servant, 

RoBKET Dbnkt. 
Joseph Howsll, Esq. 

New York, Kot. 28, 1791. 
Bra : — The bearer hereof Lewis Bramer, says he was a private 
in Captain James McClure's company of artillery in Colonel Proc- 
tor's regiment, and that he was mustered as such and drew his ra- 
tioBs aeoordingly. Captain McClure, on the other hand, contends 
that Bramer was employed by him in the capacity of his servant, 



140 OOBBESPONDBNOB OF OFFICERS 

and that he, as his master, is entitled to the depreciation-oertificatea 
made oat for Bramer, and that he claims, in pursuance of some 
resolution of Congress which gives the servants' pay to their 
masters. 

You will greatly oblige me by letting me know how Bramer 
stands on the mu8ter^x>ll8, or by any other information with which 
you can favor me, that may enable me to determine how &r Bra- 
mer is entitled to his depreciation* 

Captain McClure has actually received the certificates which w«ro 

made out in Bramer^s name. 

I am, with great respect, your most obedient servant, 

W. Barton. 
JossPH HowsLL, Bsq. 

K«w Tom, Kov. 6, 1794. 

Sir : — ^Although I have not the honor of being personally ac- 
quainted with you, I take the liberty to ask a very particular 
favor, in which you may oblige me very much, being induced to 
make this request to you, as I presume it comes under your depart- 
ment in the War Office. 

Mr. McEwen will present you this, and attend to every thing 
necessary on my part. 

What I want is an official certificate that I was returned, and 
considered as part of the quota of New York in the British war. 
My commission is dated November 15, 1779, in the Second Regi- 
ment of Light Dragoons, as a Lieutenant Soon after, I was ap- 
pointed Adjutant to said regiment, and in 1781, Aid-de-camp to 
Major-general Lord Sterling, and was always with Captain Hoog- 
land and the several dragoons returned to the State of New York, 
where we had our depreciation of pay made up, until, by an ar- 
rangement of Congress, the whole cavalry was made legionary, and 
affixed to particular States. 

Respectfully, your humble servant, 

Thomas Frbdbriok Jacksok. 
Maj. HowiLL 



OF THE SEVOLUnOHABT WAS. 141 

Boerov, U§j 9, 1795. 
Snt: — ^In the jear 1786, General Enox granted me a warrant, at 
the War Office, for 350 dollars. There being no money to satisfy 
the demand at that time, it has remained in that office ever since. 
General Enox has assured md, that upon his arrival at this place, 
upon application through you, the demand would be satisfied. 
Tour attention to the business will much oblige, 

Your obedient) humble servant, 

Thomas H. Condt, 

Late lient Maai. linai 



A^ 



PART II. 



Names, Bavk, Dates ov Oommisbions, akd Tms or EvLisnoBiiT 
OF THE Officers aitd Privates of Cou Joseph Giujnr'B New 
Hampshire Regiment, from Nov. 8, 1776, to Jan. 1, 1779. 

Joseph Cilley, Colonel, oomnuMioned Apr. S, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Oeoige Bead, Lieuten«nt-ool<»keI. Transferred to 2d regiment. 

Jeremiah Gihnan, lieatenaoi-eokmel. Commiaaioned Septemhw 80, 1777« 

William Soott, Mi^or. 

Jeremiah Gihnan, do. 

Benjamin Kimball, Paymaster and lieutenant, 

Jerenuah Pritohard, Adjatant and Lieutenant. 

Joeiah JCunro, Qnartenaaater and lieatenant 

John Hale, Surgeon. 

Jonathaa Fool, Suigeoo's Mate. 

THE FIB8T OOMPANT. 

Simon fiutwell, Oaptaia. Oemmiaaiened as Lieatenant, VoTSBber S, 177f. 

Flromoted to Cq>tain, Deoember 1, 1778. 
Joehua Thompson, Lieutenant Commissioned ss EnaigB, November 8, 1776b 

Promoted to Lieutenant, Mardi 4, 1778. 

Jfon^ommisHoned Officers for Three Yeare, 

Hubard Carter, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 

Morris MiUet, do. do. do. 

John Jordan, do. do. do. 

Bipley Bingham, do. do. November 18, 1776. 

John Joiner, Qr. Mr. Sergeant, do. November 19, 1776. 

, James Cochran, Corporal. do. January 1, 1777. 

Daniel Sterna, do. ' do. May 1, 1777. 

Stephen Abbott, Drummer. do. January 1, 1777. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


de. 


do. 


Deoember 80, 1778. 


do 


January 1, 1778. 


do. 


August 81, 1778. 


do. 


May 8, 1777. 


do. 


• do. 



/K3 



PART II. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Deoember 80, 1778. 


do 


January 1, 1778. 


do. 


Angmt 21, 1778. 


do- 


Miqr a, 1777. 


da 


• do. 



Namkb, Baitk, "Dates ot Oommisbions, and Tims of Esustuewi 

OF THE OfVIOBRS AHD PmVATBB OF CoL. JoSlPH ClLLlT*8 NbW 

Hampshirb Bbgimsnt, fbom Nov. 8, 1776, to Jan. 1, 1779. 

Joseph CSUey, Colonel, oommiasioned Apr. 2, 1777. Servod to tho end of tiie war. 

Oeoige Reed, lieatenaot-ooloDel. Transfeired to 2d regiment. 

Jeremiah Oilman, lieutenant-eolonel. Commiaaioned September SO, 1777« 

WUliam Soott, Major. 

Jeremiah Oilman, do. 

Benjamin Kimball, Paymaater and lieutenant, 

Jeremiah Pritohard, Adjatant and Lieutenant. 

Josiah Monro, Quartannaater and lieutenant. 

John Hale, Surgeon. 

JonaUuB Pool, Surgeon's Hate. 

THl wast OOMPANT. 

Simon SutweU, Oafitaia. Oeoimiaaiened aa IieatODaDt» November 8» 177C 

Promoted to Captain, Beoember 1, 1778. 
Joshua Thompaon, lieutenant Commiaaioned is Enaigii, Nevembsr 8, 1776^ 

Promoted to lieutenant, Maieh 4, 177& 

Ifon-comnUsnoned Officers for Three Team. 

Hubard Carter, Sergeant. Appointed January 1, 1777. 
Morris Millet, do. 
John Jordan, do, 

Bipley Bingham, do. 
John Joiner, Qr. Mr. Sergeant. 
, James Coohran, Corporal. 
Daniel Sterna, do. 
Bt^hen Abbott, Drummer. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


November 18, 1776. 


do. 


November 19, 1778. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 


do. 


May 1, 1777. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 



lU 



0FBI0BB8 AND PBIYATBS 



Privates far Three Years, 











John Allen, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Samael Sanderson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


David Addoms, 


do. 


Ephraim Stevens, 


do. 


Uaao Addoms, 


Mar. 10,1778. 


Michael Silk, 


do. 


Benjamin Beavina, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


James Shall, 


do. 


Nathaniel BarUett, 


May 1, 1777. 


Loring Thompson, 


May 1, 1777. 


Thomas Bates, 


Mar. 18,1778. 


Jacob Taylor, 


Mar. 21,1778. 


John Clark, 


May 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Wellock, 


Feb. 16,1777. 


John Cowdry, 


April 21, 1777. 


William White, 


Jan. 1, 17T7. 


John Combea, 


April 11, 1777. 


JohnWillaoe, 


Mar. 27, 1778. 


Moses Chase, 


May 1, 1777. 


Ebenezer Williams, 


Mar. 10, 1778. 


Philemon Doset, 


do. 


Joseph Boriey, 


Mar. 16,1778. 


Thomas Davis, 


April 21, 1777. 


William Oowen, 


Mar. 1,1778. 


John Dole, 


May 18,1777. 


John Aids, 


Mar. 1,1778, 


William Darrah, 


Deo. 80, 1777. 


Samael Ayers, 


Mar. 10,1778. 


Balph EUenwood, 


April 8,1778. 


Samael Boyd, 


Mar. 1,1778. 


Ebenexer Hills, 


AprU 21, 1777. 


Samael Bates, 


May 16,1778. 


Thomas Eimbiill, 


Jnne 1,1778. 


Thomas Capren, 


AprU 11, 1778. 


John Millet, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


JoelBioe, 


May 1, 1777. 


William Man, 


April 1,1777. 


Jaoob Bioe, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Nathaniel Man, 


do. 


John Willsgrove, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Abel Merrill, 


do. 


Asa Stems, 


May 1, 1777. 


James Moore, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Abner Wise, 


do. 


John Matthews, 


do. 


Thomas MoNeal, 


do. 


William Pettigrew, 


Mar. 18, 1778. 


Samael Morrison, 


do. 


JoelBoyoe, 


May 1,1777. 


Thomas Whitlook, 


do. 



THB SSOOKD OOMPAKT. 

Jeremiah Oilman, Lleatenant-oolonel. Commissioned September 20, 17TT. 

Benjamin Kimball, lieatenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Made Pay> 
master, December 20, 1778. 

Daniel Clapp, Lieatenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. 

Thomas Blake, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, May 11, 1778. 



J^on-commisswned Officers for Three Years. 
Isaac Gibbs, Sergeant. Appointed March 10, 1777. 



Bobert MiUer, do. 


do. 


Febraary 17, 1777. 


Samael Hews, Corporal. 


do. 


April 8, 1777. 


Stephen Jennings, do. 


^do. 


May 12, 1777. 


Asa Lovejoy, Drammer. 


do. 


Febraary 1, 1777. 

Sick since Oot. 27, 1778. 



OF THB EEVOLUnOHABY WAB. 



146 



Privates far Three Tears. 



Nathuiiel Andrews, 


M»y 16,1777. 


Abel Loy^oy, 


Feb. I, 1777. 




April 10, 1777. 


Matthias MiUer, 


Feb. 17,1777. 




April 22, 1777. 


Bobert Mason, 


Mar. 17,1778. 


Bei:\i«iim Buniett, 


Feb. 17,1777. 




Mar. 1,1777. 


WiUiam Connick, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Nathaniel Patton, 


Feb. 1,1777. 


Jonathan Conant, 


April 8S, 1777. 


James Boos*, 


do. 


Xdward Garter, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


David Sanderson, 


do. 


NaUian Dmvia, 


Mar. 17, 1778. 


Beth Thompson, 


April 18, 1777. 


Lemuel Dean, 


Mar. 8,1777. 


Medad Taylor, 


Mar. 17,1778 


Balph Emerson, 


April 10, 1777. 


Jonathan Wright, 


April 22, 1777. 


Edward Evans, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


David Wright, 


do. 


Daniel Fuller, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Phinehas Wright, 


do. 


David Gibbs, 


Mar. 10,1777. 


Thomas Hardy, 


April 28, 1778. 


JoshiuGibbft, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Jonathan Morse, 


April 20, 1778. 


Simeon Goold, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Benben Blood, 


Unknown. 


WUliam Bale, 


April 10, 1777. 


Simon Blood, 


do. 


George Knox, 


May 10,1778. 


WUder Willsrd, 


do. 



THB THIRD OOMPANT. 

William Soott, Ci^tain and Migor. Commissioned September 20, 1777. 
Moody Dostln, First- Lieutenant. do. November 8, 1778. 

Basaleel Howe, Seoond-Lieatenant. do. November 8, 1778. 



NonrcomnUsdoMd Officers for Tkree Tears, 



Thomas Stickney, Sergeant. 
William Biohardson, do. 
Bobert Miller, do. 

William Lang, Corporal, 
Thomas Wbittook, Drummer. 



Appointed February 20, 1777. 
do. January 1, 1777. 
do. February 17, 1777. 
do. February 18, 1777. 



Privates for Three Tears, 



Samnel Ayree, 
David Bryant, 
Samnel Boyd, 
Samuel Bates, 
Aoner Bingham, 
John Cross, 
Ephrahn Cross, 
Thomas Capron, 
David Diokey, 



SnXMed 
Mar. 10,1778. 
Nov. 12, 177^. 
Mar. 1, 1778. 
Feb. 15,1777. 
Mar. 10,1777. 
Jan. 10,1778. 
April 25, 1777. 
AprU 11, 1778. 
do. 



Jaoob Downing, 
John Dorman, 
Noah Emery, 
Samuel Fugard, 
Nathan Olines, 
James Gilmore, 
Timothy Harrington, 
Walter Haios, 
John Hillsgrove, 



BnUHed 
Jan. 20,1777. 
Jan. 20, 1778. 
April 10, 1777. 
Nov. 18,1776. 
Jan. 9, 1777. 
April 24, 1777. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
May 15,1777. 
Unknown. 



146 



OFFIOEBS AND PBIVi 



Moeee Hntohins, 
Baurael Morris, 
Peter Jenkins, 
James Lamb, 
Thomas MoNeal, 
Jonathan M0K07, 
Nathaniel Powers, 
Jethro Pattingal, 
Jonathan Pattingal, 
fieuben Sobarts, 
Joel Boyoe, 



John Aklsy 
Hagh Jemerson, 
Francis Mitchell, 
Nathaniel Patton, 



Nov. 18,1776. 
Unknown. 
April 7,1777. 
Mar. 10, 1777. 
Unknown. 
Mar. 11,1778. 
Feb. 18,1778. 
Mar. 6, 1778. 
April 9,1777. 
Nov. 4, 177e. 
May 1, 1777. 



John Sead, 
William Shnson, 
Asa Steams, 
Thomas Severmnoe, 
James Simonds, 
Adam Thompson, 
John Vance, 
William Walker, 
Wilder Willard, 
Abner Wise, 
Daniel Yong, 



Privates/or Two Years. 



Mar. 1, 1778. 
April 19, 1778. 
April 18, I778w 
Jan. 1, 1778. 



Jonathan Palmer, 
Jacob Boyoe, 
Abiel Walton, 



May 18,1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
Mi^ 1, 1777. 
Mar. 21,1777. 
Unknown. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
April 28, 1777. 
May 8, 1777. 
April 21, 1777. 
Unknown. 
Jan. 27, 1778. 



April 20, 177a 
Jan. 1, 1778. 
July 1, 1778. 



THB FIRST CAPTAIN'S COMPANY. 

AmM Morrill, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1778. Pfomotod to Mijor. 

Served to the end of the war. 
Nathaniel MoColIey, First-Lientenant. Comnussioned November 8, 1776^ FuT' 

looghed for 60 days from November 4> 1778, by Gtoneral Poo?. 
Jonathan Willard, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned as Ensign November 8, 

1776. Promoted to Lieutenant January 10, 1778. 
Bazaleel Hower, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Bervecl 

to the end of the war. 



Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years. 

Samuel Wells, Sergeant. Appointed November 18, 1776'. 
Benjamin Cotton, do* do. April 1, 1778. 

Thomas Scott, do. do. July 81, 1778. 

Samuel Whidden, Corporal, do. March 8, 1777. 
Theophilus Cass, do. do. Unknown. 
Beigamin CTeorge, do. do. March 1, 1777. 

Privates for Three Years. 



John Ash, 
Joshua Blodget, 
Beigamin Butler, 
Cmar Barnes, 



Unknown. 
Mar. 14,1777. 
Dec 6, 1777. 
Unknown. 



Jonathan CiHey, Nov. 12, 177* 

Robert Cunningham, April 20, 1777. 
William Cook, May 17, 1777. 

Solomon Chapman, Unknownw 



■ BB BBTOLiniOirAKT WAB. 



147 



Bei^Jamin Bowe, 
James IHokey, 
Joshua Damford, 
Philip Flandsn, 
Thomas GeoTge, 
Isaac Oeoige, 
Nathaniel Grimes, 
Joseph Qrant, 
Joseph Hssselton, 
Jonathan Hessleton, 
£lisha Hatehinson, 
Levi Hatobinson, 
Moses Looks, 
Ssnmel Locke, 
Nathaniel Molton, 
Vlonnoe ICoGoUej, 



Unknown. 
Mar. 4,1777. 
Unknown. 

do. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 

do. 
Feb. 17,1778. 
Mar. 5, 1778. 
Feb. 12,1777. 
Unknown. 
April 80, 1778. 

do. 
Unknown. 

do. 

do. 

do. 



Timothy Martin, 
Andrew Molntire, 
John Molntire, 
William Nealy, 
James Orr, 
ZadocRead, 
John W. Bobertson, 
Samnel Sinkler, 
Joshua Sinkler, 
Peter Stevens, 
Alexander Smith, 
Ephraim Steyens, 
Peter Wells, 
Joseph Tork, 
Adam Thompson, 
Bezg. Pettingall, died 



Mar. 8,1777. 

do. 

do. 
Unknown. 
Mar. 8,1777. 
Uidmown. 

do. 
Jan. 91, 1777. 
Dec 1, 1777. 
Unknown. 

do. 
Mar. 1,1777. 
Unknown. 

do. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Deo. 8,1778. 



THB SBOOHD OAPTAIV 8 COMPANT. 

Jason Wait, Captain. Commissioned November 8, 1778. Furloughed by Gen. 

Poor for AC days from December Hi, 1778. 
Jeremiah Pritchsrd, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Fnr- 

looghed by Gen. Poor for 60 days from December 23, 1778. 
Jonathan Perkins, Ensign. Commissioned July 29, 1777. Promoted to Lieo- 
Served to the end of the war. 



Ifan-commiuioned Officers for Three Years. 



Josiah Burton, Sergeant 
Sylvester Wilkins, do. 
Bichard Boberson, do. 
Bipley Bingham, do. 

Robert Parker, Corporal. 
Hesekiah Clark, Drummer. 



Appointed, unknown. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



February 1, 1777. 
February 2, 1777. 
November 18, 1776. 
April 9, 1777. 
April 21, 1777. 



Privates for Three Years. 

WnU9t«d WnlitML 

Elijah Avery, April 9, 1777. Ebenezer Foigood, Jan. 7, 1777. 

Samuel Allen, Unknown. Henry Harris, Jan. 9, 1777. 

Elisha Addams, April 16, 1777. Simon Hatchins, do. 

William Brown, Nov. 22,1776. David JohnsoD, Feb. 16,1777. 

John Bishop, Unknown. Francis Joiner, Nov. 18, 1776. 

Joseph Davis, Dec. 16,1776. John Lapish, Unknown. 

Charles Dority, Unknown. William McGee, Dec. 10,1776. 



148 



OFFIOBBS AND PmiTATES 



John MoGoe, 
JohnMoClintook, 
James Merrill, 
EooohMoes, 
Kathamel Needham, 
Benjamiii Perkins, 
Bichsrd Riohardsoa, 
James Bider, 
Isaac Smith, 



Asaph Bntler, 
Walter Geers, 
Charles Geers, 
Thomas Hant, 
Eleazer Howard, 
Solomon Harris, 



Deo. 10,1776. 
Mar. 16,1777. 
NoY. 17, 1776. 
Feb. S. 1777. 
Mar. 1,1777. 
Feb. S, 1777. 
ApcU 8,1777. 
Unknofm. 
April 9,1777. 



l^eojamin Smith, 
Nathan Tattle, 
Benben Wheeler, 
Geoii^ Wilson, 
Bnftis Walton, 
Stephen Ward, 
Thomas Wilson, 
Lewis Wisao, 
Daniel Bitter, 



Prwates for Two Yean, 



Apra •.im. 

da 

Dec 1, 1777. 
Feb. S, 1777. 
Mar. 10,1777. 

do. 
Unknown. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
April 17, 1777. 



April 1,1778. 
Mac 16,1778. 
Feb. 19,1778. 

do. 
Jan. 22,1778. 
Biar. 22,1778. 



Alphens Kingsley, April 1,1778. 
Jedediah Bioe, Jan. 22,1778. 

Joseph Bight, April 1,1778. 

Heniy Stevens, Mar. 22, 1778. 

Tyler Spafford, Feb. 19, 1778. 

(Deserted Dec. 25, 1778.) 



THB THIRD OAPTAIn's OOMPANT. 

Amos Emerson, Captain. Commissioned, Noyember 9, 1776. 

Josiah Monro, Urst-Lientenant and Qaartermaster. Commissioned as lievt., 
November 8, 1776 ; appointed Qr. Mr., Angost 21, 1778. Promoted to Cap- 
tain and served to the end of the war. 

Simon Merrill, Second-Lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Pro- 
moted to Lientenant, September 19, 1777. 

^on-commissioned Officers /or Three Years. 



Jonathan Barrows, Sergeant. 


Appointed January 1, 1777. 


Israel Ingalls, do. 


do. 


Jannary 27, 1777. 


Sanders Bradbury, do. 


do. 


April 1, 1777. 


William Bichardson, do. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 




do. 


April 17, 1777. 


Jeremiah Towl, do. 


do. 


April 8, 1777. 


Nathaniel Batohelder, do. 


do. 


March 20, 1777. 


Paul Woods, Fifer. 


do. 


Unknown. 



Samuel Aiken, 
Noah BuBwell, 
John Barron, 
Simeon Botterfleld, 



Privates for Three Years. 



Charles Booles, 
Thomas Fuller, 
Thomas Grusb, 
Duncan Grant, 



April 8,1777. 
Jan. 81,1777. 
May 12,1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 



Feb. 2, 1778. 
April 2,1777. 
Mar. 28,1777. 
April 4,1777. 



OF THB SX70LUTI09AST WAS. 



140 



ScmnelHoili 
Charles Haosod, 
Peter Hone^, 
David Hant, 
Zeobeaa Hunt, 
BeabenHellf 
JeeeeHMth, 
John Kent, 
Biphelet Manning, 
Barnard ICeniU, 
John MoClellan, 



Mar. 14,1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
April 18, 1777. 
Jan. 1, 177& 
Feb. S, 1778. 
Mar. 14,1777. 
April Sj;, 1777. 

Feb. s, ma 

April 1ft, 1777. 
April 4,1777. 
April 1, 1777. 



Jonathan Nock, 
John Perry, 
Jonathan Powers, 
William Powell, 
John Bowe, 
Barid Smith, 
Bei^{amin Tajlor, 
Daniel ^ooda, 
Bei^Jamin Smith, 
Henry Tme, 
DanMShiilej, 



Mar. 10,1777. 
Feb. 19,1777. 
Jan. 1ft, 1777. 
June 1ft, 1777. 
April 1ft, 1777. 
Mar. 14,in7. 
April 17, 1777. 

do. 
Mar. 14,1777. 
April 8,1777. 

do. 



THX FOURTH CAPTAIN'S OOMPANT. 



r Frye, Oqitain. Gommiaeioned Norember 6, 1776. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Asa Senter, Lieutenant. Commiaeloned N o ve m ber 8, 1778. Served to the end 

•f the war. 
Joahna Tbompaon, Ensign. Commissioned November 8, 1776. Promoted to 

Lieutenant. Served to the end of the war. 



Non-commmioMd Officer 9 for Three Yean. 



Jeremiah Holtman, Sergeant. 


Appointed November 1ft, 1776. 


Samael Thompson, do. 


do. 


May 8, 1777. 


Bobert Hodgert, do. 


do. 


March S4, 1777. 


Thomas Stickney, do. 


do. 


February ft, 1777. 


William Leevy, Corpord. 


do. 


April 6, 1777. 


Jonas Catting, do. 


do. 


November 14, 1776, 


Joseph Marsh, do. 


do. 


April 7, 1777. 


Joseph Polly, Dmmmer. 


do. 


April 1, 1777. 



Privates/or Three Yean. 



James Boyea, 
Jsmea Brown, 
l^hop Coster, 
James Campbell, 
Thomas Col bom, 
Zebulon Colbie, 
Samuel Dalton, 
William Dickey, 
John Dooglasa, 
SaauMl Danfocd, 



Nov. 

April 

April 

April 

Jan. 

Jan. 

Feb. 

April 

April 

April 



14,1776, 
1,1777. 
9, 1777. 

Se, 1777. 

16, 1777. 

10. 1777. 
1, 1777. 
9, 17n. 

17. 1778. 
87,1778. 



SamnellEyers, 
Bobert Forrest, 
George Qalt, 
John Head, 
Thomas Haynea, 
John Hall, 
Ichabod Martin, 
Alexander MoMaster, 
John MoMniphy, 
Thomas Mathews, 



April 88, 1777. 
Mar. 16,1778. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
Nov. 18, 1776. 
April 1ft, 1777. 
Mar. 18,1778. 
Nov. 18, 1776. 

do. 
April 80, 1777. 
April 8ft, 1777. 



150 



OFFICERS AND PfilVATBB. 



John Mack, 
Thomas Muchemore, 
Daniel McCoy, 
Thomas McLaughlin, 
' Joseph McFariand, 
QeoTgQ McMurphy, 
Joseph Mack, 
Joseph Norris, 
John O'Brion, 
Nathan Plummer, 
Thomtt Biddle, 



May 2, 1777. 
Jan. 2«, 1777. 
Mar. 11,1778. 
Mar. 12,1778. 
April 28, 1777. 
April 7,1777. 
April 2,1777. 
Mar. 4, 1778. 
April 9,1777. 
April 7,1777. 
Mar. 28,1777. 



John Riddle, 
' Edward Smith, 
Bartholomew Stevens, 
John Sampson, 
Solomon Todd, 
James Thompson, 
Prince Thompson, 
Robert Wilson, 
Jamea Wiison, 
Samuel Walton, 



SnUBied 
Mar. 7,1778. 
April 17, 1777. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Nov. 18, 1776. 
April 28, 1777. 
Nov. 14, 1776. 
May 16, 1777. 
April 1,1777. 

do. 
April 9,1777. 



THB FIFTH OAPTAIK's OOMPANT. 

laaao FarweU, Captain. Commisuoned November 8, 1776. Served to the end 

of the war. 
William Hutchins, Lieutenant. Commiaaioned November 8, 1776. 
Jonathan Willard, Ensign. Commiaaioned November 8, 1776. Promoted lo 

lieutenant, January 10, 177B. ' 

N^on-wmmiasioned Officers for Three Years. 
Levid Adams, Seigeant. Appointed February 1, 1777. 



Ephraim Foster, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


GUbert Caswell, 


do. 


do. 


July 8, 1777. 


Ira Evans, 


CorporaL 


do. 


November 16, 1776. 


Abner Preston, 


Drummer. 


do. 


February 1, 1777. 


Thomas Dodge, 


Fifer, 


do. 


May 14, 1777. 



Privates/or Three Years. 



Joel Andrews, 


Jan. 


1, 1778. 


James Hawkley, 


Mar. 1, 1777. 


Jonas Adams, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


William Hewett, 


Feb. 1, 1778. 


David Abrahams, 


Unknown. 


Sylvanus Hastinga, 


Jan. 1, 1778. 


Joseph Burk, 


Feb. 


9, 1777. 


Page Harryman, 


May 19,1777. 


John Clark, 


Feb. 


8, 1777. 


GUes Eeley, 


April 18, 1777. 


Bunker Clark, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Jonathan Kelly, 


Nov. 27, 1776. 


Beigamin Critohett,* 


Feb. 


18, 1777. 


' William Leatten, 


Unknown. 


Moses Famsworth, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Ebenezer Mathews, 


Mar. 12,1778. 


Thomas Gilmore, 


Nov. 


14, 1776. 


Isaac Mitchell, 


Unknown. 


Silas QiU, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Hmothy Newton, 


do. 


Matthew Qreer, 


Mar. 


16, 1776. 


Thomas Osgood, 


Mar. 12,1778. 


John Grout, 


May 


1, 1777. 


William Pritohard, 


Nov. 16, 1776. 


Nathaniel Haya, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Samuel Phelps, 


Nov. 15, 1776. 



OF THB BEVOLiniOIIABT WAB. 



151 



Simeon Powers, 
Koah Porter, 
Philip Peten, 
JohD Pike, 
Lemael Boyoe, 
Paris BiobardBOD, 
Samnel Sisoo, 
William Siseo, 
John Simonds, 
SilM Simonds, 
Jj&fi&uaQDdBf 



Unknown. 
Jan. 1, 1778. 
May 1, 1778. 
Unknown. 
Feb. 4, 1777. 
Mar. 18,1778. 
Feb. 17,1777. 
May 1, 1778. 
Jan. 1, 1778. 

do. 
Feb. 18,1778. 



Abner Thurston, 
Joseph Taoker, 
William Taggert, 
Ithamar Wheelock, 
Aaron Adams, 
John Cross, 
Moaee Hntohins, 
Hathaniel Powers, 
James Simonds, 
John Pettengill, 



Unknown. 
Feb. 8, 1778. 
Feb. 4, 1778. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Mar. 12,1778. 
Jan. 1, 1778. 
Nov. 18, 1778. 
Mar. 18, 1778. 
Unknown. 
April 9,1777. 



TBS SIXTH CAPTAIN'S OOMPANT. 

Nathaniel Hatohins, Captain. Commiauooed April 8, 1777. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Daniel Clapp, Lieutenant. Commladoned November 8, 1777. 

Hanreommission&i Offieerw/br l%iw Yean. 
Hiphalet Qnlmby, Seigeant. Appointed April 5, 1777. 



Sanrael CaldweU, do. 


do. 


July 8, 1777. 


Gilbert CasweU, do. 


do. 


July 8, 1777. 


Amos Bams, do. 


do. 


January 21, 1778. 


William Lang, Corpond. 


do. 


February 18, 1777. 


John Chadwidk, do. 


do. 


April 8, 1777. 


Johntfaing Conner, do. 


do. 


April 8, 1777. 


Bei:gamin Williams, do. 


do. 


April 6, 1777. 


Samael Btooker, Drommer. 


do. 


April 10, 1777. 


ItaielCreeBy, Fifer. 


do. 


diu 



James Boles, 
William Bachelor, 
EnosCbelis, 
Samuel Cammet, 
Moses Colby, 
Thomas Cammet, 
Joshua Church, 
John Cooper, 
Stephen Dustln, 
James Dond, 
JameiEageriy, 



Privates for Three TearM. 



Thomas Sasman, 
Thomas Flanders, 
Jacob Flanders, 
EUJah Fairfield, 
WilFiam Frankfort, 
Thomas George, 
Antona Gil man, 
Charles Greenfield, 
William Hodskins, 
Enoch Hoyt, 
Jonathan Judkhis, 



July 14,1777. 
Jan. 10,1777. 
May 7, 1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 
May 11,1777. 
April 16, 1777. 
April 12, 1777. 

do. 
April 10, 1778. 
Unknown. 
April U, 1777. 



July 8,1777. 
Feb. 10,1777. 

do. 
April 17, 1777. 
July 9, 1778. 
April 17, 1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
April 1,1777. 
April 6,1777. 
July 8,1777. 
April 11, 117% 



162 



OFFIOEBS AND PBTVATES 



Stephen Lord, 
John Larabee, 
John Smart, 
John Swoet, 
Caleb Smart, 
Jonathan Stevens, 
Benjamin Sweet, 
James Sherer, 
Jonathan Sawyer, 
Joseph Sanbojrn, 
Henry Thompeon, 
Ezra Turner, 



JPnUtUd 
Feb. 24,1777. 
Nov. 26, 1776. 
April 7,1777. 
April 16, 1777. 
Apra 7,1777. 

do. 
April 16, 1777. 
April 6,1777. 
April 4,1777. 
Nov. 22, 17T6. 
Nov. 24, 1776. 
Mar. 6,1777. 



Jonathan Webster, 
Thomas Jamerson, 
Moses Sanborn, 
Ephraim Saiigfeant, 
William Powell, 
Samuel Powell, 
Asa Heath, 
Ephraim Cross, 
John Dorman, 
Thomas Severanoe, 
Senben Bobsrts, 



Mar. 7, 177T. 
Feb. 22,1778. 
April 27, 1778. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
April 26, 1778. 
Jan. 20,177& 
Mar. 21,1777. 
Not. 24, 1776. 



Names, Bank, and Dates or Commissions or the OmcsRS or 
Col. William Douglas* Connecticut Rboimsnt, raised bt the 
State in June, 1776, to join the Continental Army in New 
York. 

William Donglas, ColoneL Commissioned June 20, 1776. 
James Arnold, Lieutenant-bolonel. Commissioned Jane 20, 1776. 
Phinehas Porter, Major. Commissioned Jane 20, 1776. 
Beigamin Tmmball, Chaplain. Commissioned Jane 24, 1776. 
Samael Barker, Adjutant. Commissioned June 20, 1776. 
Jonah Clark, Quartermaster. Commissioned June 22, 1776. 
Jared Potter, Surgeon. Commissioned July 8, 1776. 
Witham Goald, Surgeon^s Mate. Commissioned July 8, 1778. 
Daniel Abbott, Armorer. Commissioned July 8, 1776. 



Captains Commimaned June 20, 1770. 



Nathaniel Johnson, 
Edward Russell, 
Samael Peeks, 
John Lewis, 



Jonas Prentioe, 
Jacob Brackett, 
Nathaniel Bunnell, 
Cornelias Higgins. 



NoTB.— The sum of £7,847 16«. ^\d, was paid by Ebenezer HuntingtOD, Dep- 
uty Paymaster-general, for the services of this regiment until the 29th Decem- 
ber, 1776, when they were disohAfged by Major-general William Heath. Jonah 
Clark, Quartermaster, acted aa Paymaster of the regiment for the time. It does 
not appear that any of those officers served after this, in the Continental Line, to 
the end of the war. 



OF TU KEFOLimOlIASY WAB. 



1» 



OjnosRs AVD Privatxs or Cou Christophxb Gsasn's Ehodb 
IsLAim BxaiMXMT, A8 IT STOOD Mat 1, 1779. 



Christoi^iMr Greene, Gotonel, 
John Holden, Acijate&i. 
Sarooel Went, Mi^. 
Peter Turner, Sugeoau 
John Periah, SaigMtt^MAte. 
John Cook, QiwHrmeetBr. 
Sbenexer Flaff, AjiMifftr. 



John 8. Dexter, 
ElgehLewii, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Sbenenr Flagg, 
Thomas Cole. 



ZepfaaDiah Brovn, 
Daniel Pieree, 
Eliaa Thompson, 
John Holden, 
David Johnston. 



Edward Slooom, 
Joseph OomeU, 
Charies Pierce, 
Cornelius Bnssell, 
Elias Thompson, 
John Cooke. 



Henry Davis, 
John Smith, 
Ssaniel West, 
George Sisson, 
Ebeneaer TrObert, 
Asa Lewis, 
Samuel Cranston, 
Seth Fisher, 
Joeeph Brown, 
William Hntton, 
William Eipp, 



Thomas T^qflor, 
James Boas, 
George Pepple, 
Eldridge Spink, 
Beni^Dftvku 

ooBrcauLi. 
Prinoe Simons, 
Thomas Stafford, 
Alexander Love, 
William Parks, 
David Potter, 
George Potter, 



ISdward Anthony, 
Benedict Aron, 
Bristol Arnold, 
Richard Allen, 
Joseph Boyer, 
Jack Borrows, 
Primus Babcook, 
Hampton Barton, 
Abram Bemon, 
Prinoe Bnoklin, 
Job Barton, 
Africa Bush, 
Frank Bomn, 
Csto Barrister, 
James Carpenter, 
Prinoe Childs, 
William Cooper, 
John CSiarles, 
Jack Coddingtoo, 
Newport ChampUn, 
JameaCUrk, 
Prince Case, 
Prinoe Gardiner, 
Perry Green, 
Thomas Miohols, 
CsBsar UpdikSi 



T* 



154 



OIVIOEBS AHD PBIYATHB 



^ohn WatBon, 
Jack Minthorn, 
Mingo Bodman, 
Jacob Hazzard, 
Peter Daily, 
Milford Diok, 
Cnaar Wheaton, 
Ichabod Northrop, 
Thomas Amoi, 
Cato Green, 
WUliam Green, 



Henry Tabor, 
Boston Wilbur, 
Beaben Roberts, 
Prince Bodman, 
Thomas Speneer, 
Josias Sonle, 
Primus Watson, 
James Daily, 
Gideon Harry, 
Landon Hall, 
John Pomp. 



Names and Rank of the Oftiobbs of Gol. Lsrabl Anoell's 
Rhode Island Continental Rsoiment in 1779, and otheb 
Officers of that State. ^ '. ^ 



Israel Angell, Colonel 
Jeremiah Olney, Lieutenant-ocrfond. 
Simeon Thayer, Mi^or. * 
Thomas Waterman, Lieutenant and 

A4jatant 
Samuel Tenny, Surgeon. 
Elias Cornelias, Surgeon's Mate. 

OAPTAXMB. 

William Allen, 
William Tew, 
Stephen Olney, 
Coggeehall Olney, 
William Humphrey 
William littlefleld, 
Thomas Hughes. 



Thomas Waterman, 
Dutee Jerauld, 
Joseph Wheaton, 
John M. Greene, 
David Sayles, 
Ebenezer Maoomber, 
Beig. L. Peokham, 
John Hubbard, 
Oliver Jenks. 

SMSIOMS. 

William Pratt, 
Joseph Masury, 
John B<^rs, 
Jeremiah Greenmaa. 



Other RegimenU. 



Christopher lippett, Colonel. 
Adam Comstock, Ideutenant-ooloneL 
William Tyler, Adjutant. 
Benjamin Bourn, Quartermaster. 

OAFTAINB. 

Arthur Fenner, 
Simeon Martin, 
David Dexter, 



Nathan Blackmar, 
Loring Peck, 
John Carr, 
Thomas Gtorton, 
Benjamin Hoppin, 
Christopher Dyer, 
Thomas Arnold, 
Lemuel Bailey, 
William Jones. 



OF THB BXYOUJTIOHABT WAB. 



156 



XiUUTUTiUtTB* 

Gilbert Richardson, 
Benben Hewitt, 
Thomas Noyes, 
Willism Belcher, 
Peleg Hozie, 
Abimm Tartelot, 
Jacob Williams, 
lohabod Prentice, 
Alexander Thooias, 
Gilbert Grant 



AmosGilson, 
David MelyiUe, 
Benjamin Bom, 
Philip Martin, 
John Holden, 
John Cowen, 
William PoUeB, 
Caleb Mathew% 
BrintonBUsa, 
Joseph Bead. 



Officert tii i^ Ewrly Fart of the War. 



Christopher Manchester, 
Caleb Gardner, 
Peter Choroh, 
Job Pierce, 
Thomas Wells, 
William Barton, 
James Wallace, 
Charies Dyer, 
Samuel PhiCpe, 
Josiah Gibbs, 
Benjamin Dimond, 
Benjamin Ftye. 



Malachi Hammet^ 
Angnstos Stanton^ 
Walter Palmer, 
Charles lippett, 
Paul Hannington, 
James Smith, 
Lemnel Bailey^ 



John Sogers, 
John Holden, 
Samuel Steyens. 



Namxb, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and Commbnobmknt of 
Sbrviob, of ths Officers and Priyatbs of Colonel Ebbnezsr 
Stkvxns' Companies of New Tore Artillery. 

Commissumed Officers. 

Ebenexer Stevens. Commissioned as Lieatenant of Inikntiy, May 8, IT76 ; aa 
Gaptdn of Artillery, December 6, 1776 ; as Mi^or of Aitillery, November 9, 
1776 ; and as Lieutenant-colonel of Artillery, April 80, 1778. 

Samael Hodgdon. Commissioned as Commissary of Military Stores, February 
1, 1777; and as Commissary-general of Military Stores, Febmaiy 11, 1778. 

Hexekiah Whetmore, Adjutant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. Besigned 
September 6, 1778. 

John Winslow, Paymaster and Captain. Commissioned as Captain^ June 8, 
1777 \ as Paymaster, June 1, 1778. BeBigne4 November 5, 1778. 



166 



OFFIOBBS AHD PBTVATKB 



William Wheeler^ Surgeon. CommissioDed September 4, 1777. Besigned Jon- 
nary 8, 1779. 

JoBiah Watrons, Snigeon's Mate. Commissioned September 4^ 1777. On com- 
mand at West Point from November 8, 1778, to Janoaiy 8, 1779, when he 
resigned. 

Benjamin Bartlett, Conductor. Commissioned January 9, 1777. On command 
in Conneoticat) August 8, 1778. 

Jasper M. Gidley, Conductor. Commissioned June 1, 1777. On oommand al 
West Point, August 8, 1778. 

James Boyer, Conductor. Commissioned April 24, 1778. 



FIRST COMPANY. 

Stephen Buckland, Caption. Commissioned November 9, 1778; fbrloughed by 

General Washington from October 80, 1778, for five weeks. On command 

in Connecticut, May, 1778 ; and at West Point, January, 1779. 
William Johnston, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. On 

command at West Point in January, 1779. 
Constant Freeman, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. On 

command at West Point, January 17, 1779. Served to end of the war in 

Crane's Artillery. 
Qeorge Ingersol, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776 ; joined 

Crane's Artillery in 1779 ; and served to the end of the war in Massachusetts. 
Isaac Barber, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 9, 1776. At West 

Point, January, 1779. Joined Crane's Artillery. 
David Deming, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned February 1, 1777. At West 

Point, January 17, 1779. 



Ncnrcommisnoned Officers for ike War. 


Alexander Campbell, Seiigoant-miyor. 


Appointed June 16, 1777. 


John Degrove, 


Sergeant. 


do. 


November 18, 1776. 


Edward Blake, 


do. 


do. 


January 8, 1777. 


Jeremiah Shea, 


do. 


do. 


March 19, 1777. 


Henry Morto, 


do. 


do. 


August 9, 1777. 


John Blunt, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Alexander Campbell, 


do. 


do. 


November 19, 1776. 


Boger Taylor, 


Corpora). 


do. 


January 8, 1777. 


James Tates, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William Anderson, 


do. 


do. 


Jannaiy 4, 177?. 


John Skerrett, 


do.' 


do. 


January 8, 1777. 


Anthony Kelly, 


do. 


do. 


August 9, 1777. 


Richard Northonrer, 


do. 


do. 


November 17, 1776. 


Samuel Denny, 


do. 


do. 


May 14, 1777. 


William Loudon, 


Drum-mfgor. 


do. 


November 11, 1776. 


Henry Crombie, 


Drummer. 


do. 


February 20, 1777. 


Bobert Sloan, 


Fifer. 


do. 


February 7, 1777. 



OF THE KKVOUmomAKT WAB. 



167 



Bombardiers for the War. 



Francis Kliuo, 
Keol McNeal, 
Henry Defreost, 



Edward Ahern^ 
John Ktten, 
John Granger, 
William Oortleji 
John Toao, 



Appointed 

Nov. 14, 1776. 
do. 
do. 



Edward Bird, 
Edward Brown, 
Benjamin Cleveland, 
Samuel Denny, 
William Dorkham, 
John Qreen, 
Henry Graham, 
Stephen Hays, 
John Harvey, 
William Honter, 
John Kenny, 
Peter Meredith, 
John Mclndoe, 
John Niclde, 
Gregory O^Brine, 
John Pewshew, 
James Bossell, 
Jahex Spencer, 
John Shobee, 
Jacob Visbee, 
George Wilson, 



Thomas Parker, 
William Balyer, 



App<fiHUd 
Ang. », 1777. 
May 10,1777. 



Gunners for the War. 



Nov. 17, 177«. 
Jan. 20,1777. 
May M,1777. 
May 10,1777. 
Aug. f^ 1777. 

Matrasses for 

Dec «0, 1776. 
Jan. »4,1777. 
Nov. 16, 1776. 
July 21,1777. 
Jan. W,1777. 
2, 1777. 
1, 1777. 
28, 1777. 
20, 1777. 
do. 
July 21,1777. 
Jan. 27,1777. 
1, 1777. 
4, 1777. 
2», 1777. 
18, 1777. 
18, 1777. 
Nov. 16, 1776. 
Jan. 18,1777. 
Jan. 4, 1777. 
Jan. 6, 1777. 



Jan. 
Aug, 
Jan. 
Jan. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



William Farden, Mar. 24,1777. 

(Taken prisoner July 6, 1777.) 
John Eenajr, Mar. M^ 1777. 

(BedttMd J«]jr 81, 1777.) 



the War. 

John Love, Dec 28, 1776. 

(Missing since Jnly 6, 1777.) 
Thomas Flemming, Nov. 14, 1776. 

(Missing sinoe July 6, 1777.) 
Henry Morto, July 81,1777. 

(Promoted to Serg. Aug. 8, 1777.) 
John Blunt, July 21, 1777. 

(Promoted to Seig. Aug. 8, 1777.) 
Anthony Kelly, May 14,1777. 

(Promoted to Corp. Aug. 8, 1777.) 
Thomas Parker, July 21, 1777. 

(Promoted to Bomh. Aug. 8, 1777.) 
John Teen, May 7, 1777. 

(Promoted to Qnn. Aug. 8, 1777.) 
Jeremiah Conghland, Feb. 4, 1777. 

(Deserted to the enemy, July 
fi, 1777.) 
Daniel Mcintosh, Jan. 6, 1777. 

(Deser'd to enemy July 6, 1777.) 
Enos Line, Nov. 15, 1776. 

(Deserted July 8, 1777.) 



TUB SECOND COMPANY. 



Nathaniel Donnell, Captain. Commissioned as Second-lieutenant in Captain 
Bernard Komans* Pennsylvania Artillery, March 25, 1776. Promoted to 
Firet-Iieutenant May 15, 1776, and promoted to Captain in Migor Stevens* 
corps November 8, 1776. Served to end of the war. 

Thomas Vose, Captain-lieutenant. Commissioned November 8, 1776, and served 
with Stevens and Crane to the end of the war. 

Joseph Perry, First-lieutenant Commissioned November 8, 1776. In aervioe 
at Pluokermin, January 17, 1778. 



168 



OFFIOBBS AND PBIYATEB 



Dtniel MoLane, Seoond-lienteiuuit CommiMioned Nov. 9, 1776. Wonnded 
in 1778, «Dd furloughed by Gea. Gates. On command at Springfield, Jan- 
nary 17, 1779. Served to the end of the war. (See Penn.) 

Joaepb Driskill, Seoond-lieatenant Commisaioned Nov. 9, 1776. On com- 
mand at Fifthkill in May, 1778, and on farloogh in Maryland, Jan. 17, 1779. 

Andrew H. Tracy, Second-lientenant. Commissioned Jane 1, 1777. Beaigned 
September 15, 1778. 



N^(m<ommi8sioned Officers far the War. 



Asa Copland, Seigeant-mijor. 
Nathaniel Champlin, Sergeant 



Silas Barber, 
John Cookel, 
James Wilsey, 
Lot Howse, 
Henri Sohineman, 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Wm. I.oadoD, Dmm-nujor. 



Benoni Harris, flfer. 
Miles Hubbard, CorpofaL 
Matthew Hopkins, do. 
Emanael Fokey, do. 
John Harwood, do. 
Ephraim Cook, da. 
JohnOartMe, da 



JBamhardmeJor the War. 



Joseph Hnokey, 
Oail Cole, 
Thomas Shepard, 



Jacob Whittsr, 
William ToUey, 
John McCormitt^ 



Gfunners/or the War. 



Alexander Brinton, 
George Wood, 
Peter Mooney, 
John A. Kemper, 



Bichard Vanorman, 
Matthew Green, 
James SinnijL. 



Matroesee/ar the War. 



Joseph Allen, 
l£atthew Asterman, 
Francis Bertho, 
Samael Brown, 
Patrick McDormitt, 
John McCoy, 
Hugh Jones, 
John Kransz, 
William Kelly, 
George Oglesby, 
Bobert Bobinson, 
Peter Vunth, 



John Bondinot, 
Pattrldas Band, 
Charles Barman, 
James Donley, 
John Dewitt, 
John Good, 
Michael Geer, 
John Kester, 
Emanuel Lewis, 
John MoMnrdongfa, 
James Sinniz, 
George Hanley, 



OF THB BE70LUTI0HlXr WAB. 159 



THIBD OOMPAKT. 

Jolin Winalow, Captain. CommiMioned Jane 8, 1777. Beiigned Novembar fi, 

1778. Lientenant Thomas Barr took his place. 
Tbomas Barr, Captain-lieiitenant. Commiaaioned aa Third-Ueatenant in Capt 

Bomana' Pennsylvania Artillery, March 88, 1776 ; promoted to Seoond- 

liei^enant. May 15, 1776 ; on oommand with Gen. Sohayler till November 

9, 1776, when he waa promoted to Captain-lieatenant in Mi^ Stevens* 

corpa. On duty January 17, 1779. 
Jacob Kemper, flrst-lieatenant Commiaaioned November 9, 1776. Served to 

the end of the war. (See N. J.) 
Jacob Welsh, Second-lieutenant. Conmiiaaioned November 9, 1776. Beaifned 

Novembers, 1778. 
Bichard Hannewell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Febmary 1, 1777. B*- 

aigned November 86, 1778. 
J<dm liswell, Seoond-lieatenant. Commissioned Febroary 1, 1777. On da^ 

Jannary 17, 1779. 

Non-€ommii$i<med Ojfieersfor the War. 

Epkraim Milton, Sergeant. Appointed March 81, 1777. 

Charies Newcomb, do. do. do. 

JohnJaokman, do. do. do. 

JohnPocook, do. do. do. 

Henry Stevena, do. do. do. 

George Barron, Corporal. do. do. 

William Hayden, do. do. March 88, 1777. 

Dennis Hogan, do. do. do. 

Jeremiah Smith, do. do. Aogost 15, 1777. 



Bombardiers far the War, 



AppoinUd 
Thomas McDowle, Aug. 15, 1777. 
Neal Campbell, do. 

Benjamin Cleveland, do. 



Appcinhd 
Benjamin Hunt, Ang. 15, 1777* 

John Bobinson, do. 

John McKay, do. 



Ounnerefcr the War. 

Bobert Hawkins, Ang. 15, 1777. I Matthew Thompson, Ang. 15, 1777. 
I 4iftiim^i Moore, do. | John MoKenaie, do. 

Matrosses/or the War. 

John Brown, Daniel Elmore, 

Lawrence Bdong, John Moore, 

Lewis Carey, Christian Moore, 

Peter Elino, James Murphy, 



160 



OmXMBM AUD FBIYATliB 



Ephnim Snfferanoe, 
John Simme, 
George ZimmermaDi 
Reese Pngh, 
(Taken prisoner July 7, 1777.) 
Anthony Franois, 
Dmvid Franks, 
Oharies Hewitt, 
J<^iB JoBes, 



CUrkLaoroix, 
Aronibald Nelson, 
Francis Pickard, 
Alexander Ross, 
J<^n Redinbacker, 
Christian Willing, 
John Cantlion, 
(Deserted Aagost 8, 1777.) 



Abitllbrt Artifioerb bblovoivo to Col. Ebskezeb Stsvskb* 

Corps, as it stood from Deo. 16, 1776, to Oct. 1, 1778. 

Noah Niohols, Captain. Commissioned November 9, 1776. 

Nftthaniel Call, Captain of Cartridge Makcra. Committioned December 19, 177T. 

Resigned September 10, 1778. 
Thomas Patton, Foreman of Smiths. Commissioned December 15, 1777. 
Bela Nichols, Quartermaster. CommissioBed July 11, 1778. 
Joseph Olmstead, lieutenant. Commissioned November 22, 1779. 





Privates/or 


Three Years. 










SnMUd 


Jonathan Bates, 


Feb. 2,1777. 


Augustus Pierce, 


Feb. 28,1777. 


Ebenezer Burrell, 


Mar. 6, 1777. 


Jenkins Palmer, 


Mar. 8,1777. 


Alden Burrell, 


do. 


Nathaniel Peck, 


Mar. 10,1777. 


Seth Radcock, 


Mar. 17,1777. 


James Stoddard, 


Feb. 2,1777. 


Samuel Bunn, 


Feb. 19,1777. 


Oliver Stetson^ 


Mar. 2,1777. 


Jonathan Bradford, 


Mar. 15,1777. 


John Sears, 


do. 


Charles Curtis, 


Mar. 2, 1777. 


Benjamin Stevens, 


Mar. 20, 1777. 


Sylvanua Cook, 


Mar. 15,1777. 


Samuel Stetson, 


Mar. 2,1777. 


Israel Cowing, 


Feb. 14,1777. 


Gershom Spear, 


Feb. 19,1777. 


Benjamin Colemore, 


Mar. 6, 1777. 


Peter Seara, 


Mar. 2, 1777. 


Edward Dammon, 


do. 


Thomas Wood, 


Jan. 9, 1777. 


Daniel Edwards, 


Mar. 20,1777. 


James Sutter, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


Samuel Freeman, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


(For two years.) 




Josiah Fuller, 


Mar. 15,1777. 


Boylston Potter, 


Dec 15,1776. 


Gershom Howe, 


Mar. 24, 1777. 


(For two years.) 




Abner Holmes, 


Mar. 15, 1777. 


Stephen Rogers, 


Jan. 22,1777. 


John Hutter, 


Mar. 8, 1777. 


(For during the war.) 


Lemuel Horton, 


Mar. 20,1777. 


John Thorp, 


Nov. 27, 1776. 


Ebenezer Jackson, 


Mar. 18,1777. 


(For during the war.) 


Melsor Joy, 


Feb. 2, 1777. 


WiUiam Smith, 


Feb. 22,1777. 


John Karkar, 


Dec 16,1776. 


(For during the war. Taken 


Levi Man, 


Mar. 6, 1777. 


prisoner July 6, 1777.) 



OF THB SEYOLUnOHABT WAB. 161 

Names of thk Disohabgbd Offiobbs and Privates of Cait. 
Ebbnezer Stevens' Company of Artillery in 1776, who left 
service at tloonderooa january 1, 1777. 



David Cook, Captain-IieatenAnt 
Samael Bogget, Lieatenant. 
Robert Carver, lieatenant and Quar- 
termaster. 
John Baker, Sergeant. 
Samael Walker, do. 
Thomas Chaffle, do. 
Isaac Jacobs, Corporal. 
Squire Howe, Bombardier. 
Bononi Simmons, do. 
Nathaniel Honae, do. 



James Fowler, Bombardier. 
Benjamin Wade, Gnnner . 
Jerod Joy, do. 

John Steward, da 
John Batterworth, Matroca. 
Elijah Brant, do. 

Peleg Damond, do. 

EUshaJoy, do. 

Ezekiel WaUis, do. 

Jacob MneUer, Dtummst. 



Names, Bank, Dates of Commission^, and Time of Enlistment 
OF THE Officers and Privates of Col. Lewis Dubois' New 
Tors Regimbnt, as it stood at White Plains, July 22, 1778. 

Lewis Dubois, Colonel. Commissioned June 25, 1776 ; on fnrlongh by General 
Gates in July, 1778 ; at the battle of Klock's Field In 1780 ; and at the cap- 
ture of Fort Montgomery the 6th October, 1777. 

Jaeobes Bruyn, Lieuteuant-colond. Commissioned June 26, 1776 ; taken pris- 
oner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Samud Logan, Major. Commissioned June 26, 1776 ; taken prisoner at Fori 
Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Henry Dubois, Adjutant. Commissioned November 21, 1777. 

K^emiah Carpenter, Quartermaster. Commissioned November 21, 1776; 
taken prboner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Samuel Townsend, Paymaster. Commissioned November 21, 1776; on fbr- 
lough by Captun Roeeorans. 

John Gano, Chaplain. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; promoted to Brigade 
Chaplfdn. 

Samael Cook, Surgeon. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to end of 
the war. 

El^nexer Hutchinson, Surgeon^s Mate. Commissioned June 12, 1778. 

FIRST company. 

James Bosekrans, Captain. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; promoted to 

M^jor, and served to the end of the war. 
Henry Dodge, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 

the end of the war. 



162 



OFFI0BB8 AND PKIVATB8 



Samuel Dodge, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776; taken 
prisoner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Henry Swartwout, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; taken prisoner 
at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Nanrcammimaned Officers for Three Years. 

Appointed January 1, 1777. 



Abraham Johnston, do. 


do. 


do. 


Eleazer Lusy, do. 


do. 


da 


Samuel Hull, do. 


do. 


do. 


James Bobhison, Qr. Mr's. Seigt do. 


do. 


Joseph Gleason, Dram-major. do. 


do. 


David Philips, Drummer. 


do. 


do. 


Abraham Goodwin, Fife-mijor 


do. 


do. 


Depuy Boeecrans, Fifor. 


do. 


do. 


William Waloott, Corporal. 


do. 


do. 


JohnJee, 


do. 


do. April 


4,1777. 




Privates for 


Three Tears. 












Jeremiah Bundy, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 




May 10,1777. 


Joseph Brooks, 


do. 


Timothy Riden, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Francis Be vine, 


do. 


William Bussell, 


do. 


John Cram, 


May 81,1778. 


George Robinson, 


do. 


Ezra Darling, 


Jan. 20,1777. 


John Southard, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


John Darling, 


do. 


Harmonicus Springsteen, do. 


John Delameter, 


do. 


Elyah Stansbuiy, 


May 18,1777. 


Christopher Decker, 


do. 


Beuben Smith, 


Feb. 12,1777. 


Mardnns Decker, 


do. 


Abner Smith, 


May 20,1778. 


Bichard Dodge, 


do. 


John Thayer, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Frost, 


Feb. 6, 1777. 


GtooTge Tenegar, 


May 26,1777. 


Henry Geraldeman, 


do. 


James Thornton, 


do. 


John Gibbons, 


do. 


Isaac Utter, Sen., 


Feb. 17,1777. 


Caleb Glean, 


do. 


Isaac Utter, Jr., 


Feb. 20,1777. 


Nathaniel Hollister, 


do. 


Gilbert Utter, 


do. 


John Harwood, 


do. 


Andrew Vantyning, Jan. 1, 1777. 


Griffin Jones, 


do. 


Peter Vermllyea, 


May 20,1778. 


Prince Johnson, 


May 1»,1778. 


Richard WUliams, May 11,1777. 


Thomas Johnson, 


do. 


Robert Waddel, 


May 26,1777. 


Joseph Johnson, 


do. 


Richard Williams^ do. 


Paul Kiesley, 


do. 


Josiah Ward, 


do. 


Joshua T^ake, 


Jan. 28,1777. 


Gilbert Edwards, dos. June 28, 1778. 


Evert Letz, 


April 18, 1777. 


Samuel Gardner, des. July 7, 1778. 


John Lonnsbury, 


do. 


John B. Keyser, < 


ies. June 80, 1778. 


Henry Lewis, 


do. 


John Storm, deserted July 9, 1778. 


Benjamin Meynema, May 10,1777. 







OF THB XByOLXrnOHABY WAB. 168 



SECOND COMPANY. 

James Stewart, Cmptain. Cominissioned November 21, 1776. Served to the 
end of the war. 

Alexander McArthnr, Lieutenant Commiaaioned November 21, 1776. Taken 
ptiaoner at Fort Montgomery Oetbber 6, 1777. 

John MeCSaoghrey, Enugn. Commiaaioned November 21, 1776. T^en pris- 
oner at Fort Montgomery, October 6, 1777. ^ 

John Beid, Sergeant. Appointed Janoary 1, 1777. 

Jblm LoTett^ Corporal. do. do. 

Prwatei who farmed the Company^ January 1, 1777. 



Walter Booker, 
Conrad Conite, 
Daniel Oarrigan, 
Volker Dow, 
Thomaa Fit^^erald, 
Jamea Qillaaby, 
Qeorge Haabrook, 
Samuel Hopper, 
Jamea Homphrey, 
Jamea Heller, 
Abraham Hepp, 



Daniel Moniaon, 
William MalcaU; 
Patrick Monow, 
Jeremiah Richie, 
Thomaa Roaaell, 
Robert RobertBon, 
John Stamp, 
Thomaa Smally, 
Joaeph Smith, 
laaaoSamaon. 



THIRD COMPANT. 

AmoB Hotohinga, Captain. I cannot get any information relative to the com- 
' miaaion of thia Captain, nor hia aervice ; bat it appeara he loat hia life in 
the aervice Jane 28, 1778. 

Fatton Jaokaon, Lieutenant Commiaaioned November 21, 1777. T^en pris- 
oner at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. 

Jf^in Farman, Second-lieutenant Commiaaioned November 21, 1776. Cap- 
tured at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Nim-conimiBtioned Offi/ctfrefar Three Tears. 

Seth Stalker, Sergeant Appointed February 12, 1777. 
Jamea Pride, do. do. August 12, 1776. 

Jaaper Allen, Drummer. do. January 1, 1777. 
JohnFac|pr, Fifbr. do. do. 

John Wilson, Corporal. do. do. 

Privates far Three Tears from January 1, 1777. 



Samnel Langdon, 
Roger Latimore, 
Peter Hopper, 



John Rhoada, 
Philip Richarda, 
Thomas Jonea, 



164 



OFinoasBS and pbiyatbb 



Joeeph Jones, 
Beqjftmin Latemore, 
John Seoor, 
MiOAtUh Weeks, 



John WUk, 
John Allison, 
Lawrenoe Bonker, 
Jehn Allison, Jan. 



FOUETH COMPANY. 

Philip De Bois Bevier, Csptain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Benrtd 

to the end of the war. 
Michael Connolly, First-lieatenant. Commissioned Noyember 21, 1776. On 

command at New Windsor in 1778. Served to the end of the war. 
Daniel Birdsall, Second-lieutenant. Commisuoned November 21, 1776. On 

command at Wallkill, in 1778, after olothing, Ae. 

N(m<ommis9umed Officers for Three Tears. 



Ebeneaer Bomett, Sergeant. 


Appointed December 10, 1776. 


James Hannah, do. 


do. 


April 6, 1777 




Henry Hombish, do. 


do. 


April 12, 1777. 


Jasper Prior 


do. 


do. 


March 12, 1777. 


Joseph Case, CorporaL 


do. 


July 26, 177£ 


. 


Nathan Tapper, do. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 


William Pembroke, do. 


do. 


February 7, 


1777. 


James Peresonus, do. 


do. 


February 27, 


1777. 


William Whitehead, Dnmimer 


. do. 


December 1, 


1776. 


William Cooke, fifor. 


do. 


July 1, 1777. 






Privates for Three Tears. 












WiM$Ud 


William Bloomer, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Silas Leonard, 


June 21, Vn%. 


John Blaws, 


Dec 1, 1776. 


John 


McAnamy, 


Aug. 2,1776. 


James Bishop, 


April 9,1777. 


John McLean, 


Dec 1, 1776. 


Asa Crawfoot, 


do. 


Bobert Milligan, 


do. 


Lemuel Chapman, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Joseph Mitchell, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Jacob Cline, 


Aug. 4,1777. 


William Nelson, 


Mar. 11, 1777. 


Nehemiah Cheshire, 


do. 


Daniel Osben, 


June 26, 1776. 


Moses Dimond, 


Jan. 26,1777. 


Jonathan Penny, uck at Newborg. 


William Dunond, 


do. 


WiUiam Buasell, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Daniel Flanagan, 


Aug. 28, 1777. 


William Biston, 


do. 


John Fulton, 


Mar. 81,in7. 


Thomas Shurkey, 


Dec 1, 1776. 


John Hendriokson, 


Deo. 1, 1776. 


David Smith, jun.. 


Feb. 7,1777. 


Wm. Hankerson, 


Jan. 6, 1777. 


David Smith, sen., 


do. 


William HoUet, 


Jan. 17,1777. 


John Slouter, 


April 18, 1777. 


George Hollet, 


Jan. 18,1777. 


Jesse Smith, 


do. 


Caleb Jewet, . 


Feb. 1,1777. 


Abraham Traverse, 


Jan. 1,1777. 


Andrew Kyser, 


Aug. 4,1777. 


Peter 


l^ton. 


Mar. 1,1777. 


John Kyser, 


do. 


Samuel Townsend, 


AfMil 16, 1777. 



OF THE MBVOUmomAXT WAB. 



165 



Absalom TowDsendf April IS, 1777. 
Oysbert VaadeiBAriE, Aug. 10, 1776. 
Ahraham Wilson, Aof. 12, 1776. 
Henry Wilsey, Jan. 80,1777. 



SdwtfdWdsh, Mmj 19,1777. 

Pfttriok Dirking, returned from 
mpAyitf July 28, 177S. 



warn oompakt. 

Thomas Lee, Captain. Commiaaioned Noyember 81, 1776. Serred to June 88, 

1778, and either died or reaigned. 
Heniy Pawling, ^iit4ientenant. Commiaaioned Norember 81, 1776; taken 

prisoner October 6, 1777; promoted to Captain Jane 88, 1778. Served to 

the end of the war. 
Samuel Zoglish, Second-lientenant Commiaaioned Norember 81, 1776. Serred 

to the end of the war. 
Jamee Johnson, Ensign. Commiaaioned November 81, 1776; promoted to 

lientenant. Served to the end of the war. 



Non-commissioned Officers for Three Years, 



COTnelea Tarbosh, SeigeanU 


Appointed December 26, 1776. 


laaaoLent, 


do. 


do.' 


December 28, 1776. 


Kiohard Hawkey, do. 


do. 


May 14, 1778. 


Comeles Vandermark, do. 


do. 


September 4, 1777. 


Peter Snyder, 


do. 


do. 


December 26, 1777. 


Francis Vantine, Corporal. 


do. 


June 1, 1777. 


Nathaniel Banker, do. 


do. 


June U, 1 


1777. 


Samuel Hawaii, do. 


do. 


September 4, 1777. 


David Gregg, 


do. 


do. 


January { 


), 1778. 


Sylea Horton, 


Drummer 


do. 


March 1, 


1778. 


El^ah Parker, 


Fifer. 


do. 


September 4, 1777. 




Privates for i 


Three Years. 












SmUftid 


Adam Brannon, 


April 6,1777. 


Joseph Geonee, 


April 20, 1776. 


Jeremiah Brigga, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


John Homer, 


Dec. 26,1777. 


Joeiah Baokby, 


do. 


Henry Hawkey, 


May 14,1778. 


Samael Corran, 


Nov. 16,1776. 


Philip Eerbenger, 


May 4, 1776, 


John Coleman, 


Jan. 20,1777. 


William Lane, 


Dec. 16,1776, 


Isaac Danielson, 


Dec. 86,1776. 


John Lockwood, 


July 1, 1777, 


Michael Fowler, 


May 6, 1778. 


Daniel Loder, 


do. 


Heiekiah Gregg, 


Dec. 86,1776. 


Ebenezer Landers, 


April 6,1777. 


Gideon Goodshed, 


Dec 26,1776. 


William Lawrence, 


Dec 26,1776. 


Miohael Gwin, 


Dec. 27,1776. 


John McClaming, 


do. 




July 1, 1777. 


Philip Muokeloony, 


April 27, 1778. 


Seth Gilbert, 


do. 


Jonathan Newman, 


May 4,1778. 



166 



OraiCKBS AHD PBTVATHS 





JWiftaf 






Joshua Philips, 


Dec. 16,1776. 


Abraham Shear, 


Feb. 20,1777. 


John Peok, 


Dec. 27,1776. 


Nehemiah Sheroden 


, April 21, 17t8. 


Matthias Bandai, 


Dec 28,1776. 


John Talladay, 


Deo. 15,1776. 


Daniel Bobinson, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Joshoa Tocker, 


do. 


Jaoob Bamson, 


June 20, 1777. 


Robert Vantine, 


Jan. 1,1777. 


William Strait, 


Deo. 25,1776. 


Qarret Vanhnser, 


Dec. 26,1777. 


Henry Strait, 


do. 


Joseph Vansant, 


June 25, 1777. 


Ezekiel Simmons, 


do. 


Isaac Vantine, 


May 15,1778. 


Evarts Slawter, 


do. 


Titos Vanderdank, 


May 18,1777. 


Marvel Slatt, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


Isaac Williams, 


Dec. 26,1776. 


Abraham Skeet, 


May 1, 1778. 


Samael Weed, 


do. 


Henry Soonten, 


Jan. 1, 1777. 


James Wood, 


do. 


Thomas Smith, 


Feb. 28,1777. 


John Whitehead, 


do. 


Abraham Sleet, 


Feb. 9y 1777. 


Jacob West, 


Jan. 1, 177T. 


GeoiiG^ Shafer, 


Deo. 26,1776. 







THS SIXTH OOMPAKT. 

Henry Goodwin, Oaptain. Commissioned November 21, 1776 ; captnred at Fori 
Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Solomon Pendleton, First-lientenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Cap- 
tared at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777, and was still a prisoner Decem- 
ber 1, 1780. 

Fbenezer Motte, Second-lientenant Commissioned Nov. 21, 1776; captnred 
at Fort Montgomery October 6, 1777. Served to the end of the war. 

Abraham Leggett, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776; captured at 
Fort Montgomery October 6, 1776. Served to the end of the war; was 
made Lieutenant 



N(m-c<mmi89%oned Officers for Three Yearn, 
Henrj Schoonmaker, Sergeant Betnmed from captivity July 82, 1778» 



Jonathan Baylis, 


do. 


Appointed March 4, 1777. 


John Alaben, 


do. 


do. do. 


John Christy, 


Corporal 


do. do. 


Daniel Johnson, 


do. 


do. do. 


Joseph Anderson, 


do. 


do. do. 


David Goodwin, 


Drummer. do. do. 


Privates for Three Tears. 


Joined March 4, 1111, 


Holmes Austin, 




Prince Danford, 


Lemuel Bartlott, 




Peter Holmes, 


Jacob Craft, 




James Hunter, 


Nathan Dubois, 




William Mo<mey, 


Abraham Delanoey, 




Abraham Mooney, 



or TB> VKVGLXmOSASr WAB. 



167 



John KiooUs, 
Stephen NlooUs, 
Jeremi&h Simpkinfi, 
fiiohard Stepheoa, 
Abraham Seymore, 



Eliaa Thompson, 
Jacob Tobias, 
Jacob Van Qelder, 
fMleiiek Wemire. 



THB SEVJEMTU OOMPANT. 

John F. Hamtramok, Oaptain« Commissioned November 81, 1776. 

the end of the war. 

Frsncis Hanmer, Lieutenant. Commissioned November 81, 1776. 

the end of the war. 

N<mr€omfMS9ioMd OjfieersfcT Three Tears. 

William Barken, Sergeant. 



Served to 



Served t« 



Beigamin Lawrence, 


do. 






do. 


Appointed April 88, 1777 


Joseph Pribble, 


do. 


Deserted Jnly 88, 1778. 


John W«z^ell, 


do. 




William Sole, 


do. 


Appointed June 14, 1777. 


John Hains, Drommer. 




do. do. 


Thomas Bossell, Fifer. 




do. Feb. 81, 1778. 


Privates far Nine 


Months from June 14, 1778. 


Bnssel Brockaway. 




Emanael Heneky. 


JohnBaboook. 




Elisha Millard. 


Sisha Berry. 




Ephraim Qoan. 


Elbenezer Cmnmins. 




John Bipley. 


Ephraim Eaton. 




James Slaven. 


Moses Gee. 




James Shaw. 


Joehoa Griffin. 




Obadiah Thorn. 


Jeremiah Griffith. 




William Selle. 


John Hasom. 




Joseph Vanote. 



THB SIOHTH COMPANY. 

John Johnson, Captain. Commissioned November 81, 1776. Served to the 

end of the war. 
Henry W. Vandebnrg, First-lieuteDant Commissioned Nov. 81, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
James Bett8, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 81, 1776. 
Henry J. Vandeburg, Ensign. Commissioned November 81, 1776. 

Non-commissioned Officers for Three Tears. 



John Fnrdon, Sergeant. 
Levi Watson, do. 

Versa! Dickinson, do. 
James Taller, do. 



Samuel Combes, Corporal. 
Peter Combes, do. 
Joshua Hunt, Drummer. 
James Bstnsom, FIfer. 



ics 



OmCBRS AHD PBIYAT88 



Privates far 

James Betts, Jr., 
AmoB Beaob, 
John Bonker, 
James Bishop, 
Ambrose Beoediot, 
Bartholomew Bonker, 
John Oulp, 
John Combes, 
Amos Denton, 
Jaoob Eakby, 
James Forgason, 
James Gready, 
William Hews, 
Henry House, 



Three Tears. 

Jonathan Oakley 
Thprnaa Palmerton, 
John Pepper, 
Jonathan Bose, 
James Bassell, 
Robert Sweet, 
George Thomas, 
Jaoob Wilbur, 
Stephen Wheder, 
Ichabod Wilbur, 
Stephen Smidi, 
John Chamberlain, Sergeant, return- 
ed firom captivity, July 22, 1778- 



Names, Rank, &o., of Colonel Petbb Gan8Bvooet*s Company in 
THE Third New York Regiment, as it stood in Winter Quar- 
ters, AT Albany, from Dec. 1, 1778, to March 15, 1779. 

Peter Gansevoort, Colonel. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to the 

end of the war, from 1781, under a oommission from the State of New York. 

Died July 2, 1812. 
George Sylez, Captain-lieutenant Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served 

during the war. 
Peter Magee, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Promoted to Lieu 

tenant Served to the end of the war. 

Noncommissioned Officers for Three Years, 

Robert Weldon, Sergeant-major. 

Francis Jackson, Quartermaster's Sergeant 

Conradt Friday, Drummer. 

Andrew Ghirdiner, Fife-major. Appointed January 1, 1777. 

Daniel Dawson, Fifer. 



Sylvanus Seely, Sergeant 
Jonathan Hanter, do. 
Samuel Gilbert, Corporal. 
Nathaniel Meeker, do. 
Daniel Owens, do. 



Appointed January 1, 1777. 
do. April 24, 1777. 
do. December 6, 1776. 
do. December 1, 1776. 
do. do. 



Privates for Three Years, 

Peter Anthony, j Nicholas Bovie, 

Jdui Anthony, I John Borden, 



OF THB BEVOXAjnOSABY WAB. 



168 



EBphalet CaasellB, 
Benjamin Cowdiy, 
Joseph Demont, 
Thomas Oregg, 
John Ooodoonnge, 
Adam Barter, 
William Barvi^, 
John Hurley, 
Frederiok Hoflher, 
Ohiiatian Kiesborg, 
Jamas Lighthail, 



John Borke, 
Sylvanas Craddook, 
William Ommsby, 
Hendrick Hines, 
Jonathan Elock, 
Baitlej Murray, 
Bdward Parker, 



June », 1777. 

July 6, 1777. 

Dea S, 177«. 

Jan. 6, 1779. 

Jan. 1, 1777. 

Dec 1, 1776. 

Deo. 89,1776. 



Lancaster Ughthall, 
John MoFarlin, 
James Pattenon, 
John Boss, 
Solomon Smith, 
John Thompson, 
John Van Sioe, 
Boger Wabby, 
Joseph White, 
Franois WiUet, 
ICchael Zeaster. 



Eli Pixley, 
Ohalken Ftatt, 
Bichard Bobertson, 
Samuel Shirts, 
Samuel Suller, 
William Whitham, 
Nicholas Loux. 



Jan. 1, 1777. 

Deo. 18,1776. 

Deo. 1, 1776. 

Jan. 1, 1777. 

Dec 17,1776. 

Jan. 1, 1777. 

Jan. 29,1779. 



Namks, Rahic, Dates of Comicissions, akd Terms of Sbrvios of 
THE Officbbs and Pbivates OF Captain C0RKELIC8 T. Javsen's 
Company, belonging to Colonel Peter Gansevoort's New 
Tore Regiment, from November 21, 1776, to Januart 1, 1781, 

WHEN IT ENOAMPED AT FoRT EdWARD. 

Cornelius T. Jansen, Oaptain. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Served to 
the end of the war. 

Nsnning Vanderheyden, First-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. 
At Fort Schuyler, June 1, 1778, on duty. 

Hoaes Yeomans, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Sent 
on the recruiting service ftt>m April 1, 1778. 

Beigamin Bogardus, Lieutenant Commissioned November 21, 1776. Trans- 
ferred to the Major's Company, August 1, 1780. 

Joeiah Bagley, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant, January 7, 1780. Transferred to the M%)or*s Company. Served 
during the war. 

John Spoor, Ensign. Commissioned November 21, 1776. On command at 
StiD water. May 18, 1779. 

Jeremiah Van Bensselaer, Ensign. CommiBBioned November 21, 1776. On 
furlough at Albany from January 9 to July 6, 1780. Acted as Paymaster in 
1780. Transferred to the Lieutenant-ooloner» Company. Promoted to 
lieutenant, and served to the end of the war. 

8 



170 



OFTIOBBS AKD PBIYATSB 



Nonrcommimoned Officers for DurtTig the War. 



Sftinael Abbj, Sergeant 

John Barkaiui, do. 

Alexander MoDongall, do. 
Jacob Sax, do. 

(Took the plaoe of John Bnrkane, whaw 
Beigamin Wearing, Corporal. 
Chriatian Shriver, do. 
Joeeph Ladd, do. 

Nathan Upright, Drainmer. 
John MoEinsey, Fifer. 



Appointed Febnuuy •, 1777. 

do. May 18, 1777. 

do. Febroary 26, 1777. 

do. November 87, 1777. 
M promoted to Ensign, Feb. 17, 17794 
Appointed November 27, 1776. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Febmary 16, 1777. 

do. November 29, 1776w 



Pfivateafor Durinp^ the War. 



Peter Adley, 
Henry Ademy, 
Joseph Bailey, 
Geoige Blawer, 
John Black, 
John BriggB, 
Nicholas Cassacfy, 
John Corragill, 
Francis. Crambory, 
Joseph Evans, 
'William Gifford, 
Thomss Herrett, 
John Limbaker, 
John MSes^ 



MMtied 
Feb. 19,1777. 
Nov. 29, 1776. 
Dea 10,1776. 
Nov. 12, 1776. 
Feb. 18,1776. 
Nov. 12, 1776. 
Mar. 18, 1777. 
April 8,1777. 
Mar. 8, 1777. 
Nov. 12,. 1776. 
Dec. 2, 1776. 
Nov. 28,1776. 
Feb. 26,1777. 
Dec. 2, 1776. 



Christopher Mentz, Jan. 6, 1777. 
CotneliuB MoDermott, Dec. 1 , 1776. 
Christopher Qoeen, Nov. 12, 1776. 
Albert Rose, April 4,1777. 

Joseph Rnssell, Nov. 12, 1776. 

Isaac Soamans, Nov. 28, 1776. 

Christian Shriver, Nov. 12, 1776. 
Jacob Shyler, Feb. 26, 1777. 

George Upright, April 19, 1777. 

John Wallace, Feb. 90,1777. 

Joel Freaze, Dec. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted Dec. 2, 1776.) 
JohnVandank, Feb. 16,1777. 

(Deserted Feb. 17, 1777.) 
JeneHoirt, Feb. 26,1777. 

(Deserted Feb. 26, 1777.) 



John McHenry, Feb. 26, 1777. 

(Deserted Feb. 27, 1777.) 
Joseph Haghes, Feb. 22, 1777. 

(Died Mar. 9, 1777.) 
Alexander Campbell, April 6, 1777. 

(Deserted April 18, 1777.) 
Ephraim Seamans, Dec 2, 1776. 

(Deserted April 26, 1777.> 
Adam Domberry, Jane 16, 1777. • 

(Deserted Jane 22, 1777.) 
Pervis Aastin, Feb. 28,1777. 

(Discharged Jaly 19, 1777, by 
General Sehuykr.) 
James Cansman, April 18, 1777. 

(Deserted April 26, 1777.) 
Stephen TuUle, Mar. 22, 1777. 

(Discharged by the Muster- 
master as unfit.) 
Bamhart Minnick, June 81, 1779. 
Uriah Owens, Mar. 21, 1779. 

Timothy Canfleld, April 18, 1778. 
James Fowls, Dec 8, 1776^ 

Arthur Hurley, April 8, 1778. 

Evert Lansing, Jan. 12, 1777. 

Moses Lent, April 26, 1778. 

Robert Byon, April 11, 1778. 

James Sheels, Feb. 28, 1777. 

Esan Wilbur, April 80, 1778. 

Henry Weaver, Nov. 26, 1776. 

John Forrigh, Nov. 27» 1777. 



OP THB BKyOQLDTIOiriLST WAB. 



171 



Heronles Lent» Mar. 27,1778. 

Bobeit Leonard, May 80,1778. 

Charlee Bennet, May 6, 1779. 



Perry Bennet, May », 1779. 

Sphraim BUwer, Mar. 17,1780. 



Discharged Mm^ ite. 

moholaa Oaaaady, disohaiged March 18, 1780. 

G«oige Upright, do. April 16, 1780. 

Joseph Evans, prisoner with the enemy April 16, 1780. 

John limbaker, wagoner with the army. 

Samuel Abby, died October 5, 1780. 

Jaoob Sax, disoharged November 97, 1780. 

Timothy Ganileld, on a horse-gnard in Dntohess oonnty, in December, 1780. 

Joseph Edea, in the Armory in Albany, December, 178a 

Henry Weaver, transferred to the Minor's Company July 18, 1780. 



Jamea Mnlholland, do. 

Isaac Yeomans, do. 

Eutn Wilbnr, died Angnst 7, 1780. 

John Pitman, died January 9, 1780. 

Evert Landng, discharged January IS, 1780. 

Jamea Sheets, do. February 8, 1780. 

Kathan Upright, do. 

John WaUace, do. 

Alexander MoDougall, do. 

G^Tge Blawers, do. 

William Gifford, do. 

Francis Crambury, taken prisoner August S4, 1778. 

Hercules Lent, dischaiged November 8, 1778. 



do. 
do. 



February 16, 1780. 
February 18, 1780. 
February 26, 1780. 
February 10, 1780. 
do. 



do. 
do. 



This company was at Fort Schuyler in 1777 and 1778, and bravely defended 
it against St Leger ; at Saratoga in March, 1770 ; at Albany from December, 
1778, to May, 1779 ; at Cane^oharie in June, 1779 ; at the camp near Morris- 
town in th^ winter of 1779 and spring of 1780 ; at the Highlands of the Hudson 
July, 1780 ; and in winter-quarters at Fort Edward, January 1, 1781. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and other Notes of Col. 
John Lamb's Regiment of New York Artillert, from Jan. 
1, 1111, to March 4, 1779. 

John Lamb, Colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Served to the end of 
the war. 

r Oswald, lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned January 1, 1777. Left the 
service in July, 1778, soon after the battle of Monmouth. 



172 



OnnOBBS AND PBITATHB 



) Habbell, A^Jatant CommissioiMd AptU 1, 1777. 

'William Fenno, QaartemiMter^ do. Mareh 5, 1777. 

John DattOQ Crimshier, PAymaitir. 
Caleb Austin, Suigeon^B Mate. 
Anthony Poat, Captain of Artifloen. 
Oarret Brower, Lieut of Aitifleen. 
SamuelJohnaon, Foreman. 



do. 


July 1, 1777. 


do. 


January 1, 1777. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



GoMPAinr No. 1. 

Andrew Hoodie, Captain. ComroiBsioned Januaiy 1, 1777. Served to the end 

of the war. 
Daniel Gano, Captain-lieutenant Commiaaioned January 1, 1777. 
Joaeph Ashton, Lieutenant Unknown. 
George Leoraft, do. do. 

Andrew McFarlane, Sergeant do. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Lieutenant Supernumerary in 1778. 



Thomas Eelton, Sergeant 


dnkn. 


Wm. Buchanan, Bombard*r. Unkn. 


Abel Pettie, do. 


do. 


John Hammond, do. 


do. 


Thomas Valla nvu, do. 


do. 


Hugh Crooast, do. 


do. 


Thomas Munro, do. 


do. 


Thomas Preston, Gunner. 


do. 


Moses Latta, do. 


do. 


Bobert English, do. 


do. 


Edward Hayno, do. 


do. 


John Sullivan, do. 


do. 


William Niohols, CorporaL 


do. 


Alexander McKoy, do. 


do. 


Israel Smith, do. 


do. 


John Patterson, do. 


do. 


James J. Slack, do. 


do. 


Cornelius Vanderhof^ Drum*r. 


do. 


HughLindaey, Bombardier. 


do. 


James Pembrook, Fifer. 






Matrasses, 




John Bhodes, 




Thomas Thorp, 




David Hanmore, 




Alexander Toung, 




Bobert Wigham, 




Samuel Miller, 




James Van Qarder 


. 


William Cunnifigham 


» 


Alexander Mofflt, 




Christopher Medler, 




John Donglas, 




James Brown, 




William Graham, 




David Pembrook, 




James Sherer, 




James Little, 




William Swan, 




John Decker, 




Thomas Griffith, 




William Darby, 




HughMcCaU, 




Hugh Pauley, 




John KeUy, 




JohnGamett, 




Francis Pestle, 




Gideon Chase, 




Patrick Connell, 




John Decker, 




David Corben, 




James Boyd, 





OF THB JCBVOLUnOlfABT WAB. 



178 



GOMPANT No. 2. 
Oenhom Mott, Oaptoio. Oommiadoned Janiuury 1, 1777. Served to the end 



of the war. 
Joseph Thomas, Captain-lieutenant. 
Isaac Habbell, laeatenant. 
Isaac Goion, do. 

Fiancia Bhaw, do. 

Peter Woodward, do. 
Jos. Van Smbnig, Seigeant. Unkn. 
Lewis Folton, Corporal. do. 

Samnel Lon^^ey, Dmmmer. do. 
Michael Bookfoid, Fifer. do. 

Jamee Johnston, Bombardier, do. 



CommiaakMied Jannaiy 1, 1777. 

do. do. 

do. Febroary 1, 1777. 

do. Febroary 1, 1777. Besi|pi- 
ed Febroary 10, 1779. 

do. Februaiy 1, 1777. 
John Bowen, Bombardier. Unknown. 
John Beyere, do. do. 

JohnMahony, Gunner. do. 

Joseph Emerson, do. do. 

Joshoa Kshop, do. do. 



M(Uro9m9for Three 

William BobertBon, 
Jesse Brown, 
Joseph VerSool, 
John Snndeiifaif 
Thomas Kemey, 
John Cogan, 
Bobert Fowler, 
Jacob WOsie, 
Jacob ffi^s, 
John DsTid, 



Tears. 

AbndiamMyen, 
John Tookse, 
John BosseU, 
Ambrose Laddow, 
George Bishop, 
Bobert BiohardsoD, 
David Storm, 
George Harris, 
Abraham Batcher, 
John Smith. 



CoMPANT No. 8, imoM Jakuabt 1, 1*1*1*1. 



Samuel Lookwood, Captun. 
Henry Waring, Gapt. Lieat. 
James Brewster, Lientenant. 
Stephen Ailing, do. 
Samnel Whiting, do. 
Jeremiah Flneh, Sergeant. 
Charles Knapp, do. 
Edward Bich, do. 

John Townd, do. 

Hijah Tilden, Corporal. 
Jared Lookwood, do. 



Joseph Travers, OorporaL 
William Waters, do. 
Thomas Winters, Bomburdier. 
Israel Henna, do. 

H^eales Wissells, do. 
Timothy Lookwood* Dmmmer. 
Joseph Fletcher, Gunner. 
Kedd. ICanhaH, do. 
Abraham Haise, do. 
Samuol Johnson, do. 



Matroeseefor Three Teare. 



Samo^ Knapp, 
Peter Betts, 
JohnBuriey, 
Jonathan Adams, 



David Lookwood, 
James Yiaeels, 
Ssmuel Finch, 
Theodoras PaiMQii 



174 



0FFI0BB8 AUD PBIVATBB 



JohnBeed, 
Jastaa Whitney, 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Mosee Lookwood, 
Eigah Whiting, 
El^ahMeed, 
David Slater, 

COMPANT No. 4, VBOM 

Bobert Walker, Captain. 
Samael Welb, Capt. Lieat 
Jamea Hughes, 8d Lieot. 
WiUiam Habbell, do. 
John Bexgamin, Seigeant 
Samael Stowe, do. 

John Smyth, do. 

SnoB Jones Prindle, CorponJ. 



Joseph Goreham, 
Samael Meed, 
Daniel Adams, 
Isaac Davis, 
William Townd, 
Edmund Swaney, 
Thomas Sanders, 

January 1, 1*1*1*1. 

John Peet, CwporsL 
Jeremiah Byne, Bombardier. 
Jesse Smyth, do. 

Biohard Williams, Qanner. 
Joehaa Hinkley, do. 
Samael Wakelin, do. 
John Wilooz, Drammer. 
Joseph Bansford, Fifbr. 



Matrasses far Three Tears, 

Sbeneser Hastings, Eliakim White, 

Matthew St. John, Benjamin Dean, 

Samael L. Brooks, Benoni Qardner, 

Peter Garrison, Stephen Mix, 

Eli mohols, Andrew Porter, 

Henry Gatler, John Clark, 

David Barlow, David Selliok, 

Bobert Simmons, Bobert Morris. 

CoMPAKT No. 5, FROM Januabt 1, 1777. 



Jonathan Brown, Captain. 

Bphraim Fenno, Capt Lieat. 

Caleb Brewster, First-lieatenant. 
Severely woanded in the service. 
Congress, per act 11th Aagast, 
1790, allowed him $848.67 for ex- 
penses, and $16Vt per month for 
pension, provided he reihnd his 
«<oommatation.*' 

Oliver Lawrence, Seoond-lieatenant. 



William Cebra, 


do. 


Timothy Mix, 


Sergeant 


David Clark, 


do. 


Oharies Veck, 


do. 


Isaac Fish, 


do. 


Hid Peck, 


do. 


Gabriel Leyerish, 


do. 



William Heaoock, CorporaL 
Solomon Barnes, do. 

Tale Todd, do. 

Elias Willoocks, do. 

Edmand Parker, do. 

Cornelias Brscket, Bombardier. 



Samael Pribble, 


do. 


Timothy Wihnot, 


do. 


Benjamin Smith, 


do. 


Abraham Bams, 


Gonner. 


Zebalon Benton, 


do. 


Isaac Foot, 


do. 


Walter Wilmott, 


do. 


David Stone, 


do. 


Obadiah Hill, 


do. 



Jesse Peck, Drammer and Filbr. 



OF THE BEYQLirnOKAST WAR. 



W6 



Matrosses/ar Three Tears, 

Isaao Cooper, Thaddens Barns, 

Samuel Champion, Thomas Rvmbloo^ 

Samael Frasier, Samuel Squires, 

Abel Jaeobs, Taber Smith, 

Ebenezer Lines, James Thomas, 

James Moody, John Twitehell, 

John Pierpont, Gideon Webb, 

Elmore Bussell, Stephen WhelUm, 

P«triok Snow, Abel MaUet, 

Samuel Tnmey, * Joel WUnoCL 

OoMPANT No 6, FROM Januaby 1, 1777. 



Josiah Wool, Captain. 
William Stevena, Capt. Lieut 
Eiisha Harvey, 2d lieot. 
Amariah y<ose. Sergeant. 
Cornelius Stagg, do. 
Samufil PMrsons, Gunner. 



William Thompson, Qonner. 
John Dajr, MatMMk 
James Silve, dOi 
WilMam Bacon, do. x 
Thomas Shehan, do. 
Amos Eastwood, da 



OoMPANT No. 7, FROM Januabt 1, 1777. 



Theodore Thomas Bless, Captain. 

Served to the end of the war. 
Thomas Maohin, Capt Lieut 
Thomas Gee, Sergeant 

JaoMs MeGuffle, do. 

John Buchanan, do. 

Joseph Halfltftad, do. 



James HcBride, CorporaL 
Daniel Thorn, do. 

WtUlom HoBride, Bombardier. 
Peter Statea, da. 

James Scofleld, do. 

John Murphy, Gunner. 
William Ockennan, do. 



George Clark, 

John fi iiTiwingliani 

Enos Hegerdy, 
Samuel Woodruff; 



Mdir^esBs. 



James Whitmore, 
Jeremiah BandaU^ 
Israel Coleman, 
John Nelson. 



Names and Rank of Captain Anthony Post's Abtifiokrs at^ 
TAOHED to Colonel John Lamb^s New York Artillery, by 
order of Brioadier-oeneral Knox, January 1, 1777. 

Anthony Post, Captain. 
Qtsm^ Brower, Lieutenant Samuel Johnson, Foreman. 



176 



OmOKBB AND PBITATEB 



PrivaUi. 



Dayid Shaddel, 
Abraham Brower, 
Thomas Dolphin, 
Thomas Harrison, 
Thomas Whitmon, 
Ebenezer Byrom, 
Joseph Clark, 
Abel Batigr^sa, 
Azariah WmiB, 
John Badielder, 
Benjamin Fuller, 
Oliyer Chapman, 
Jonathan Bills, 
Abner Barrows, 
Silas Hontington, 
Timothy White, 
Theodore Bomhara, 
Hoses Boynton, 
Eleaier Bomett, 
Nathan Borrows, 
William Walker, 
Hoses SamsoD, 
Consider Chapman, 
Job Eaton, 
Samuel White, 



Isaac Townson, 
Thomas Willys, 
Abiathar Ehnore, 
Ashbel Fox, 
Nathaniel Holmes, 
Woodbridge B«loher, 
Al»«ham Forster, 
Zeohariah Forster, 
Cotton Dickinson, 
Nathan Field, 
Sylvanus Waten, 
David Elnapp, 
Jeremiah Kandal), 
Amos Lockwood, 
Jonathan Chllds, 
John Pollard, 
Benjamin Hatch, 
JohnWiM, 
Benjamin Gilman, 
Eliha Cook, 
Amariah Cnshman, 
Ephraim Donlap, 
Edward Allen, 
Alexander Mills, 
Edward Lockwood. 



Names of Captain Gbrshom Moit's Company of Colonsl Jomr 
Lamb's Artillsrt, as it stood at Pujokamin, Maroh 4,1779. 

Ckrshom Mott, Captain. On furioogh. 

Joseph Thomas, Captain-lieatenant 

Isaac Hubbell, First-lieotemmt. 

Isaac Gion, Second-lieutenant 

Peter Woodward, do. do. On command. 

Joseph Van Emburg, Seigeant. Appointed March 18, 1777. 

Robert Britt, do. 

Nathaniel Higgins, do. 

Joseph Emerson, do. 

Jesse Brown, Corporal. 

William Nelnit, do. 

John Bevere, Bombardier. Appointed March 18, 1777. 

Joshua Bishop, Gunner. do. February 22, 1777. 



OF THB WBrnXmOISMMr WAB. 



m 



AVraham Bateher, 
John David, ^ 
Jacob Hicks, 
Ambrose Laddow, 
Abraham Myer, 
John BnsseU, 
Bobert Bichardaoni 
Jaoob Wiiftie, 
John Tnrkse, 
John Mahony, 
William BobeitMD, 
John Sonderlis, 
Joseph Yariool, 



Matroes. Appomted Fbhrnary 9S, 1777. 

do. dob September 8, 1777. 

do. do. September 28, 1777. 

do. do. Febniary 84, 1777. 

do. do. Febmaiy 26, 1777. 

do. do. February 24, 1777. 

do. do. do. 

dow do. Angoat 21, 1777. 

do. do. July 22, 1777. 

do, do. July 24, 1777. 

Samuel Langley, 
JohnCogaa, 
BichardDale, 
Joseph Hani. 



Naxbs, RAinc, &0., of Oaptaik Winthbop Sabobnt^b Oompakt 

OF AmiLLBBT BELONOING TO THB RsOIMBin' OOmCANDBB BT 

Colonel John Cranb of Massaohusetts, as it stood Not. 
1, 1778. 

Winthrop Sargent, Captain. Stationed on Quaker HilL 

Daniel Parker, Captain-lieutenant. Beaigned October 25, 1778. 

Jamea Hall, Urst-lleutenant. 

John Cooper, Second-lieutenant. 

Joseph Bliaa, Second-lieutenant Annexed to Capt Saigent Oct 1, 1778, and 

on command at Providence, B. I. 
Samuel Baaa, Second-lieutenant. Tranaferred to Capt. Euatia October 1, 1778. 
Beuben Jagger, Sergeant. 

William Young, do. Appointed May 19, 1778. 
John Tucker, Corporal. do. Hay 15, 1777. 

Nathaniel Bowen, Corporal. Almexed to Caplidn Saigent November 1, 1778. 

On command at Providence. 
John Busher, Corporal. Appointed November 28, 1777. Tranaferred to Capt. 

Eustis November 1, 1778. 
Nathan Fuller, Gunner. Appointed March 29, 1777. 
John Sanders, Drummer. do. June 7, 1777. 

Tdmple de Corata, Hfer. do. March 11, 1777. 



Matrosses. 



Comeliua Bei^gen, 
Thomas Bagnell, 



April 16, 1777. 
May 24, 1778. 



David Austin, 
William Burt, 



Unknown, 
do, 



178 



OFinOEBS AHD PBITATE8 



Justin Boioe. Annexed to Captain 


Michael KirUin, 


Unknown. 


Sargent Nov. 1, 


1778. 


Peter Le Bangh, 


Jan. 24,1778. 


Philip Brooks, 


Mar. 2, 1778. 


John Neale, 


Unknown. 


Lewis Carra, 


Jan. 18,1778. 


Ephraim Eidlen, 


May 18,1777. 


Nicholas Le Clair, 


Mar. 84,1778. 


Peter Bosier, 


Mar. 28, 1778. 


MarkLeCarra, 


Jan. 18,1778. 


John Diott, 


Jan. 18,1778. 


Peter David, 


Nov. 1,1778. 


Joseph Fiott, 


Nov. 1,1778. 


John Gillon, 


Unknown. 


Samael Vickoiy, 


Unknown. 


Jaoob Qermon, 


do. 


Elijah Viokory, 


do. 


John Oillard, 


do. 


William Young, 


do. 


Bartholomew Hurley, do. 




do. 


John Hooper, 


May 18,1777. 


John Stewart, 


do. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Oohmissions, and Time or Enubtmxnt 
OF THE Officers and Privates of Oapt. Bernard Romans' 
Pennstlyania Artilleet, from Feb. 8, 1776, to Nov. 28, 1776; 
when enoamped at tloonderooa. 

Bernard Bomans, detain. Commissioned Febmaiy 8, 1776. 

Gibbs Jones, Captain-lieatenant. Commissioned February 9, 1776. Plxunoted 
to Ci^tain Nov. 0, 1776, in Migor Stevens* corps, N. T. 

Matthew Whitlow, First-lieutenant. Commissioned February 14, 1776. B«- 
sig^ed May 15, 1776. 

Nathaniel Dounell, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned March 25, 1776; pro- 
moted May 15, 1776, to First-lieutenant ; promoted Nov. 10, 1776, to Ci^ 
tain in Major Stevens* corps. 

Thomas Barr, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned March 28, 1776. Promoted to 
8d lieutenant May 15, 1776, and ordered on command with Gen. Schuyler. 

John Druitt, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned May 15, 1776. Dismissed July 
80, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwdl, Third-lieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 6, 1776. 

John Druitt, Conductor. Appointed March 25, 1776. Promoted to Lieutenant 
May 15, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwell, Conductor. Appointed May 15, 1776. . Promoted to lieu- 
tenant November 6, 1776. 

Andrew Foster, Sergeant. Appointed February 9, 1776. 

Beigamin Whitlow, Sei^eant Appointed Feb. 9, 1776. Discharged May 27, 1776. 

John Melchoir Adam. Seigeant. Appointed Feb. 11, 1776. 

John Martin Ludwick, Sergeant. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. 

Adam Handell, Sergeant. Appointed May 27, 1777. Beduoed to Corpora 
August 24, 1776. 

James Turbett, Sergeant. Appointed August 24, 1776. 



OF THB BXVOLimOirABT WAB. 179 

Andrew Oddwel), Sergeant Appointed May 4^ 177«. 

Joseph Buffi Dgham, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 14, 1779. Deeerted Aprils, 1776. 

John Brookins, Ck>rporal. Appointed Feb. 80, 1776. 

Andrew Caldwell, Corporal. Appointed Feb. 90» 1776. Promoted to Sergeant 
May 4, 1776. 

Adam Handell, CorporaL Appointed Feb. 11, 1776. Promoted to Betgeaat 
May 27, 1776. 

Oeorge Moore, Corporal. Appointed April 8, 1776. Deserted to the enemy 
Jane 19, 1776. 

Isaac CoUard, Corporal. Appointed May M, 1776. 

John Chambera, CorporaL Appointed July 6, 1776. Died Aug. SO, 1776. 

Jamea Torbett, Corporal. Appointed Jnly 6, 1776. PMwioted to Sergeant An- 
gnst 6, 1776. 

James Hooper, Corporal. Appointed Aug. 84, 1776. 

Jamea Hooper, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 10, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
Aug. 84, 177«. 

John Harman, Bombardier. App(»nted Feb. 18, 1776. Joined Ci^ DonneU'a 
Company Nov. 81, 1776. 

Isaao CoUard, Bombardier. Appointed Feb. 19, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
May 29, 1776. 

Jamea Torbett, Bombardier. Appointed May 15, 1776. Promoted to Corporal 
July 6, 1776. 

John Chambera, Bombardier. Appointed Mardi 18, 1776. Promoted to Cor- 
poral July 6, 1776. 

John Creed, Bombardier. Appointed May 86, 1776. Drammed out Jnly 6, 1776. 

Jamea Wilteey, Bombardier. Appointed May 89, 1776. Joined Capt Donnell 
Nov. 11, 1776. 

Jededjah lippinoott, Bombardier. Appointed Aagoat 84, 1776. Siok in camp 
Nov. 88, 1776. 

Jamea Dowling, Bombardier. Appointed Oct 1, 1776. 

Philip Sollivan, Bombardier* Appointed April 8, 1776. Deserted to the ene- 
my Jane 19, I776u 

Jamea Creed, Conner. Appointed Feb. 15, 1776. Promoted to Bombardier 
May 26, 1776. 

William Dotton, Gxmner. Appointed Feb. 16, 1776. Deserted to the enemy 
Jane 17, 1776. 

William Stephens, Conner. Appointed Feb. 18, 1776. 

Jamea Torbett, Gonner. Appointed Feb. 80, 1776. Promoted to Bombardier 
May 15, 1776. 

John Neeselrode, Oonner. Appointed Feb. 80, 1776. Deserted May 80, 1776. 

Lodwick Hoofer, Conner. Appointed Feb. 20, 1776. 

Paol Haosman, Gunner. Appointed Feb. 22, 1776. Deeerted May 20, 1776. 

Wiakim Stoops, Ganner. Appointed March 1, 1776. 

Jedediah Lipplnoott, Gonner. Appointed March 8, 1776. Advanced to Bom- 
bardier Aug. 24, 1776. 

William Reynolds^ Ganner. Appointed March 7, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 



180 OBHOKBS ASD PBiyATBS 

Jamea DowliDg, Onxiner. Appointed March 26, 1776. AdTanood to Bombod- 

iar Oct. 1, 1776. 
Archibald McGinnia, Ganner. AH>oiDted April 18, 1776. 
John Cookie, Ganner. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. Joined C^>t Donnell Nov. 

11, 1776. 
Patrick McDermott, Ganner. Appointed Oct. 1, 1776. 

"William Campbell, Fifer. Appointed April 18, 1776. Deserted April 2S, 1776. 
John Spencer, Fifer. Appointed Maj 12, 1776. Taken away by CoL Maxwell 

June 20, 1776. 
John Barchell, Drammer. Appointed Feb. 10, 1776. 

James Simpaon, Drammer. Appointed Mardh 28, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 
William London, Dmmmer. Appointed May 11, 177.6. Joined Gapt. DauMll 

Nov. 11, 1776. 

Matrosses. 

Christopher Bogley, enlisted Hay 18, 1776. Taken away by Ci^ Beeee Jime 

1, 1776. 
Thomas Britt, enlisted March 25, 1776. Deserted April 9, 1776. 
James Campbell, enlisted May i, 1776. Died Nov. 26, 1776. 
John Carroll, enlisted May 7, 1776. Deserted Jane 4, 1776. 
John Clark, enlisted May 7, 1776. Deserted Jane 9, 1776. 
John Cockle, enlisted April 18, 1776. Advanced to Ganner Oot. 1, 1776. 
Bahos Collins, enlisted April 8, 1776. Discharged Sept. 1, 1776. 
Michael Conlon, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Killed or captared Jane 20, 1776. 
John Crone, enlisted March 4, 1776. Discharged Sept. 10, 1776. 
WiUiam Debow, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. Died Nov. 24, 1776. 
John Falkender, enlisted May 4, 1770. Missing Jane 6, 1776. 
Janiee Farrell, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. Killed or d^tared Jane 90, 1776. 
Geoige Gardiner, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Bichard Gesper, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. IMsoharged Oct. 1, 1776. 
John Granger, enlisted Bfay 5, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnell Nov. 18, 1776. 
John Green, enlisted May 4, 1776. Deserted Nov. 12, 1776, bat captured bj 

Col. Patterson. 
Adam Handoll, enlisted Angast 24, 1776. 
John Harris, enlisted March 8, 1776. Deserted April 5, 1776. 
William Halten, enlisted March 4, 1776. On command at Philadelphia. 
Martin Hemdler, enlisted April 8, 1776. Deserted Jaly 20, 1776. 
John Hindman, enlisted May 4, 1776. 
WiUiam Hollis, enlisted April 6, 1776. Died May 81, 1776. 
James Hariey, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. 

Cornelius Keaton, enlisted May 18, 1776. Died Sept. 16, 1776. 
Frank Leland, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Patrick McDermott, enlisted March 26, 1776. Advanced te Ganner Oct. 1, 1776. 
Archibald McGinnis, enlisted Feb. 25, 1776. Advanced to Ganner Apr. 18, 1776. 
John McCoy, enlisted Fob. 19, 1776. Joined Capt. Donnel Nov. 11, 1776. 
Michael MoNolty, enlisted March 26, 1776. 



OF 1HB KKvoi;[nioir«jnr wab. 181 

John PhiUpft, enlisted Mat S6, 177«. Drummed out July «, 1779. 

Frederick PoweU, enlisted April 6, 177«. Disohuired Sov. S5, 177t. 

James Powers, enlisted Feb. 15, 1779. 

Abraham Preble, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. Discharged Jane «, 1776. 

Hopkins Rice, enlisted March 24, 1776. Deserted April 2S, 1776. 

Hash Bobbins, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Benjamin Robinson, enlisted May 5, 1776. Deserted June 28, 1776. 

John Rode, enlisted March 25, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 

Daniel Shanlee, enlisted Feb. 16, 1776. Died July 6, 1776. 

Matthew Shipe, enlisted Feb. 25, 1776. 

Robert Smith, enlisted Feb. 20, 1776. 

John Sutherland, enlisted April 26, 1776. Died Sept. 24, 1776. 

Nicholas Thomas, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Heniy Welsh, enlisted March 7, 1776. 

Georige Weymer, enlisted March 26, 1776. Deserted April 22, 1776. 

Anthony Weaver, enlisted May 4, 1776. 

Martin Teost, enlisted, May 4, 1776. 

Michael Toong, enlisted Feb. 10, 1776. 



Names, Rank, Dates or Commissions, and Timx of Enustmxht 
OF THK Officers and Privates of Capt. John Nelson's Com- 
pany of Pennsylvania Riflemen in the Regiment command- 
ed BT Col. John Philip de Haas, as it otood from Jan. 80 
to Nov. 30, 1776. 

John Nelson, Captain. Commissioned January 80, 1776. 

William Oldham, flrst-lieatenant Commissioned January 80, 1776. 

Adam Ott, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 80, 1776. 

Sobert McCnllam, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 80, 1776. Re- 
signed July 12, 1776. 

Joseph Archer, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned July 12, 1776. 

Bichard Price, Sergeant. Appointed February 15, 1776. Died at Fort George, 
October 80, 1776. 



Tlioinas Hartley, 


Sergeant. 


Appcunted February 7, 1776. 


Andrew Smith, 


do. 


do. 


February 9, 1776» 


Robert McKown, 


do. 


do. 


February 7, 1776. 


John Carr, 


do. 


do. 


October 80, 1776. • 


Edward Preston, 


Corporal. 


do. 


February 16, 1776. Died Sept. 20, 17t«. 


Joseph Bonner, 


do. 


do. 


February 22, 1776. 


Jesse Brown, 


do. 


do. 


February 21, 1776. 


John Fngate, 


do. 


do. 


February 18, 1776. 



183 



oFncnss and pbivatbb 



John Cut, GorponL Appointed September 21, 1779. Promoted Ooto 

ber 81, 1776, to Seigeant. 
do. October 81, 177«. 



Thofl. Nebon, sen., do. 



Privates, 



Francis Bower, Feb. 19, 1776. 

ThomM Bird, Feb. 28, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Robert Brooks, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Edward Bradley, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Siok in hospital.) 
Bamet Campbell, Feb. 10,1776. 

(Siok in hospital) 
James CaldweU, Feb. 18,1776. 

John Canningham, Feb. 17, 1776. 

(Fnrloaghed by Qen, Qatee.) 
JohnCarr, Feb. 14,1776. 

(Promoted O)rporal Sept. 21, 1776.) 
Joseph Collins, Feb. 15,1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 15, 1776.) 
Isaac Coffman, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted April 1, 1776.) 
John Cox, Feb. 20,1776. 

Valentine Clipper, Feb. 21,1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
JohnCorbett, Feb. 28,1776. 

(Fuiioaghed by Qen, Gates.) 
William Campbell, Mar. 5, 1776. 
John Carmiokle, Bfar. 8, 1776. 
Thomas Downey, Feb. 10,1776. 
Morgan Davis, Feb. 12,1776. 

Jacob Deal, do. 

Philip Ditch, Mar. 12,1776. 

John Downey, Mar. 14, 1776. 

Charies Eastley, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
Christian Eversole, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Robert Edmnnston, Feb. 19, 1776. 
Nicholas Easter, Mar. 8, 1776. 

(Deserted March 18, 1776.) 
Henry Eakle, Feb. 17, 1776. 

Joseph Fitch, do. 

Samuel Fisher, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted March 27, 1776.) 



Qeorge Flack, Feb. 19, 1776. 

Abraham Forsyth, Mar. 11, 1776. 
Christian Fuller, Feb. 22, 1776. 

John Gowns, Feb. 18, 1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
Andrew Gutting,- Mar. 18,1776. 
Jasper M. Gidley, Feb. 15,1776. 

(Joined Donnell^s Artillery (^ 
Nov. 21, 1776.) 
Michael House, Feb. 6, 1776. 

George Harris, Feb. 7, 1776. 

Michael Harrigan, Feb. 10, 1776. 
Henry Holland, Feb. 11,1776. 

William Hand, Feb. 28, 1776. 

William Holt, Mar. 17,1776. 

James Johnson, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Samuel Jameson, Mar. 22, 1776. 
WiUlam Kirkpatrick, Feb. 17, 1776. 

(Furloughed to Maryland.) 
James Kelly, Feb. 9, 1776. 

Isaac Lemon, Feb. 19, 1776. 

(Deserted May 6, 1776.) 
William Love, Feb. 28,1776. 

(Deserted March 12, 1776.) 
Eobert Mullady, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted April 2, 1776.) 
Daniel McCulloh, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Killed at Fort Ann May 29, 1776.) 
Thomas MoGuire, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Daniel McGuire, Feb. 19,1776. 
Evan Morgan, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Arthur Murphy, Feb. 14,1776. 
John Mitchell, do. 

(Deserted April 14, 1776.) 
William McManus, Feb. 19,1776. 
Thomas Nelson, jun., Oct 25, 1776. 
Andrew Nelson, do. 

Thomas Nelson, sen., Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Promoted to Corp. Oct. 81, 1776.) 
Samuel Nixdorff, Mar. 7, 1776. 



OF THB BSVOLTmOHABY WAB. 



183 



Abnham OnBtQ, Feb. 10, 1776. 

John 0*Brian, Feb. 19, 177«. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 

Emanuel Phyfer, Feb. 16, 17T6. 

Tobias Pooder, Feb. 6, 1776. 

Horrid Boaoh, Feb. 12,1776. 

Junes BawlsloD, Feb. 7, 1776. 

Qeorge Benick, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Deserted March 14, 1776.) 

Thomas Beed, Feb. 20, 1776. 

John Stonemyer, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Ifichael Stookey, Feb. 19,1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 

William 8midi, Feb. 24, 1776. 



John Smith, Feb. 10,1776. 

(Deserted May 2, 1776.) 
John Slasoer, Mar. 6, 1776. 

(Furioaghed by Qen. Gates.) 
Geoi^e Tingle, Mar. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted April 22, 1776.) 
William Teel, Feb. 12,1776. 

John WiUiam^, Mar. 14, 1776. 

James Wallace, Feb. 12,1776. 

(Acting as botcher at Mount Inde- 
pendence.) 
John Wolf, Feb. 18,1776. 

Biohard Wells, Feb. 26, 1776. 

George Trippner, Feb. 21, 1776. 



Names, Rank, Datbs of Commissions, and timb of Enlistmbnt 
or THB Offigkbs of Capt. Samubl Watson's Company, in 
THS Battalion Commanded by Col. Arthur St. Clair and 
Col. Joseph Wood of Pennsylvania, from Jan. 5, 1776, to 
Nov. 26, 111B. 

Samuel Watson, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Died May 21, 1776. 

Thomas L. L. Moore, Captain. Commissioned May 21, 1776. 

John Chilton, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 6, 1776. Besigned Nov. 
11, 1776. 

Henry Epley, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Noy. 11, 1776. 

James Montgomery, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 6, 1776. Promo- 
ted to First-Iieutenant May 21, 1776. 

Benjamin Miller, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted to Second- 
lieutenant May 21, 1776. 

James Englis, Ensign. Commissioned Sept. 20, 1776. 

Morrb McMahon, Seigeant. Appointed Jan. 26, 1776. Deserted April 10, 



1776. 








James Anderson, 


Sergeant. 


Appointed Jan. 80, 1776. 


Bobert Gibson, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Watson, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 8, 1776. Disoh'ged Oct. 27, 1776. 


Bates Dorsey, 


do. 


do. 


June 12, 1776. 


Thomas Kelly, 


do. 


do. 


Oct, 12, 1776. 


John Toy, 


Corporal. 


do. 


Jan. 28, 1776. 


Bates Dorsey, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 1, 1776. Promoted June 12, 1776. 


William Smith, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 5, 1776. 


John Steel, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 8, 1776. 



184 



OFFICERS AND PRIVATR3 



Thomas EtUy, Coipontl. Appointed Jane IS, 1776. Promoted Oct S8, 1776. 
William Atchison, do. do. Sept. 10, 1776. 

Francis Grenades, Brommer. do. Mttnh 1, 1776. 

• Privates, 



1776. 
1776. 

1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 
1776. 

1776. 
1776. 

1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 

1776. 

i::6. 



James Arthur, Feb. 


2,1776. 


John Adams, Feb. 


12, 1776. 


William Adams, Feb. 


8, 1776. 


Parmer Adams, Jan. 


24,1776. 


Benjamin Adair, Feb. 


8, 1776. 


James Applegate, Feb. 


6, 1776. 


(Deserted April 10, 1776.) 


John Armour, Jan. 


24, 1776. 


(Missing Jane 8, 1776.) 




WUliam Atchison, Feb. 


8, 1776. 


• (Promoted Sept 10, 1776.) 


John Back, Feb. 


7,1776. 


John Battersby, Feb. 


18, 1776. 


John Book, Feb. 


18, 1776. 


(Deserted AprU 7, 1776.) 




Daniel Brown, Feb. 


6, 1776. 


(Deserted AprU 8, 1776.) 




Samuel Beatty, Jan. 


26, 1776. 


John Claig, Feb. 


9, 1776. 


John Clemens, Feb. 


5, 1776. 


(Deserted March 29, 1776.) 


John Carr, Feb. 


6, 1776. 


(Died Oct. 10, 1776.) 




John Clendennen, Feb. 


11, 1776. 


Allen Casada, Jan. 


28, 1776. 


James Chart, Feb. 


6, 1776. 


Waiiam Cannon, Jan. 


28, 1776. 


(Died July 11, 1776.) 




John Cooler, Feb. 


1, 1776. 


(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 





John Carmichael, 
Michael Dinger, 
Griffith Ford, 
Daniel Fallon, 
John Flesning, 
John Ford, 
John Forgey, 
John Finney, 
William Flanagan, 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Fob. 
Feb. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 



(Deserted April 8, l':6.) 



Thomas Gamer, Feb. 6, 
John Graham, Jan. 20, 

(Deserted April 6, 1776.) 
Archibald Geoige, Feb. 4, 

(Deserted April 6, 1776.) 
Michael Gorman, Mar. 8, 
Samuel Hunter, Feb. 7, 

Bichard Harper, Feb. 11, 

(Deserted March 14, 1776.) 
John Hutchinson, Feb. 8, 
Daniel Harley, Feb. 

(Died Oct. 28, 1776.) 
James Hagerty, Feb. 

Isaac Harley, Feb. 28, 

(Deserted March 10, 1776.) 
William Haney, Feb. 4, 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
Edward Jennings, Feb. 2, 
William Imky, Feb. 1, 

Thomas Kelly, Feb. 4, 

(Promoted June 12, 1776.) 
Timothy Kelly, Jan. 29, 

Joseph Kegan, Fob. 

Bichard Lovett, Feb. 

(Died July 9, 1776.) 
Thomas Luuny, Jan. 

John Montgomery, Feb. 
Daniel Martin, Feb. 

Henry Mustard, Feb. 

Thomas McKean, Feb. 
Thomas Mcllvaine, Feb. 
John McCnne, Feb. 

William Marrow, Feb. 
John Madole, Jan. 

Joseph Mathews, Feb. 

(Deserted March 22, 1776. 
Bobert McDonald, Jan. 21, 

(Discharged Sept. 25, 1776.) 
William Miller, Feb. 8, 

James McLaughlin, Jan. 22, 



1», 



1^1 
28, 

ir, 
1, 

12, 
18, 
28, 
29, 



or THE BETOLtrnOHABT WAB. 



185 



Darnel O'Brien, 


Feb. 


2, 1776. 


(Deaerted April 2 


1776.) 




George Porter, 


Feb. 


8, 1776. 


Henry Pemberton, 


Jan. 


22, 1776. 


(Died Oct. 2, ins.) 




jAinee Parker, 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


(Diwshaiged Oct. 7, 1776.) 


Edward Price, 


Jan. 


22, 1776. 


(Deaerted Ajwril 14, 1776.) 


John Qain, 


Feb. 


10, 1776. 


(Miaaing Jane 8, 1776.) 




Jamea Robinson, 


Feb. 


17, 1776. 


JohnBeed, 




do. 


Jamea Reed, 


Jan. 


28, in6. 


John Rankin, 


Jan. 


26, 1776. 


John Smith, 


Feb. 


8, 1776. 


Chriatian Smith, 


Feb. 


6, 1776. 


William Shehan, 


Feb. 


12, 1776. 



Matthew ThomaoD, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Benjamin Thomaon, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Died Oct 1, 1776.) 
Joaeph WorreU, Jan. 25,1776. 

(Deeerted April 26, 1776.) 
John Winalow, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Deaerted March 15, 1776.) 
William WiUiamaon, Feb. 16,1776. 

(With Dr. McCrae.) 
John Watkina, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Diachaiged Sept. 25, 1776.) 
Jamea Workman, Feb. 8, 1771. 

(l^eaerted April 8, 1776.) 
Jeaae Ward, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Samael Webb, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Deeerted April 8, 1776.) 
Joahna Teomana, Jan. 22,1776. 

(At Orown Point) 



Names, Rank, Dates ot OoMinssioNSy and Timx of Enubtmxnt 
OF THE Officers and Privates of Captain Rudolph Runner's 
CoMPANT IN Col. Arthur St. Clair's and Col. Joseph Wood's 
Pennsylvania Battauon, from Jan. 5 to Nov. 25, 1776. 

Rudolph Bnnner, (}aptain. (^mmisaioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to 0^>- 

tain Craig'a Oompany, November 11, 1776. 
Samuel M6ore, Captain. Commiaaioned November 11, 1776. 
Thomaa Moore, First-lieutenant Commiaaioned January 6, 1776. Promoted 

May 21, 1776. 
Jamea Montgomeiy, Ilrst-Iieutenant. Comnusaioned May 21, 1776. 
John Marshall, Second-lieutenant Commiaaioned November 11, 1776. 
Esra Bartleaon, Second-lieutenant Commisaioned January 5, 1776. Diaeharged 

June 19, 1776. 
George Bosa, Ensign. Commiaaioned January 5, 1776. Beaigned July 21, 1776. 
Jamea Armstrong, Ensign. Commisaioned May 21, 1776. Promoted November 

11, 1776. 
Abner Dunn, Ensign. Commissioned November 11, 1776. 
Jacob Pope, Sergeant Appointed February 11, 1776. Died June 18, 1776. 
Samuel Randecker, Sergeant Appointed January 20, 1776. Missing at Thrao 

Bivers, June 8, 1776. 
Henry Knight, Sergeant Appointed Jan. 18, 1776. Deserted April 17, 1776. 
WiUiam Wallace, do. do. Jan. 20, 1776. Qr. Mr.'a Sergeant 



186 



OFBIOBRS AND PBIYATSS 



Richard EUk, Sergeant. 
Lewis Qrant, do. 

Christy Patterson, do. 
Thomas Holmes, do. 
Richard Ellis, CorporaL 
Lewis Grant, do. 

Matthias Cline, do. 
Christo*r PatterBon,do. 
John Kerr, do. 

John Williams, do. 
Jaooh ThomaSf 
Jacob Clatter, 
Patriek Fox, 



do. 
do. 
do. 



Appointed Jane 18, 1776. 

do. March 1, 1776. 

do. June 8, 1776. 

do. April 17, 1776. 

do. Jan. 24, 1776. 

do. Feb. 26, 1776. 

do. Feb. 11, 1776. 
do. do. 

do. March 7, 1776. 

do. Oct 2, 1770. 

do. June 18, 1776. 

do. Jnly 1, 1776. 

do. March 8, 1776. 



Discharged Oct. 1, 1776, 
do. Nov. 28, 177S, 

Promoted Jane 18, 1776. 

do. Mar. 4, 1776. 
Redaoed Jaly 1, 1776. 
Promoted Jane 8, 1776. 



Drammer. 



Privatts. 



Joseph Banks, Jan. 28,1776. 

James Barber, Jan. 80, 1776. 

Martin Bender, Feb. 6, 1776. 

John Cole, Feb. 28,1776. 

(Missing Jane 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Joeeph Crafts, Feb. 15,1776. 

(Died Jttly 8, 1776.) 
James Carran, Mar. 9, 1776. 

(Missing Jane 8 at Three Rivers.) 
John Carran, Mar. 0, 1776. 

David Collins, Jan. 26,1776. 

Jacob Cleats, Feb. 14,1776. 

(Deserted AprU 8, 1776.) 
Israel Connolly, Feb. 15,1776. 

WiUiam Colston, Mar. 1, 1776. 
Thomas Cnrrin, do. 

(Missing Jane 8 at Three Rivers.) 
Matthias Cline, Jaly 1, 1776. 

Fenis Coons, Mar. 1, 1776. 

Owens Claney, ' do. 

Jacob Clatter, do. 

(Promoted July 1, 1776.) 
WiUiam Dixon, Feb. 26,1776. 

James Ellison, Feb. 16, 1776. 

Andrew ToBter, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 11 1776.) 
James Qorman, Jan. 80, 1776. 

Michael Grouse, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct 11, 1776.) 
Lawrence Grifly, Feb. 22,1776. 



Thomas Green, Feb. 18,1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 
David Green, Feb. 12,1776. 

(Died Jane 22, 1776.) 
David Gorman, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Deserted Mar. 8, 1776.) 
Thomas Henderson, Jan. 24, 1776. 

(Missing Jane 8, 1776.) 
William Harris, Feb. 24,1776. 

Jacob Hunter, Jan. 81, 1776. 

William Hoofhagle, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Died July 1,1776.) 
JoeiahHall, Jan. 80,1776. 

(Discharged Sept. 28, 1776.) 
Thomas Holmes, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Promoted April 17, 1776.) 
Samuel Hall, Mar. 8, 1776. 

Daniel Hannah, Mar. 5, 1776. 

(Died June 7, 1776.) 
Geoi^ Hansel, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Discharged Oct 16, 1776.) 
Thomas Isburter, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Missing at Three Rivers Jone 8.) 
Samuel Ireton, Feb. 14, 1776. 

John Kives, Jan. 28, 1776. 

John Keve, Mar. 7, 1776. 

(Promoted March 7, 1776.) 
Daniel Kooger, Mar. 7, 1778. 

Samuel Mellon, Bfar. 28, 1776. 

Thomas Morgan, Mar. 8, 1776. 



OF THB BEVOLUnOHABT WAB. 



187 



P«ter IGUer, Mar. 6, 177«. 

Joshua Morrin, Jan. 22, 1776. 

Abraham Moyer, Feb. 24,1776. 
Thomaa MoColly, Jan. 20,1776. 
John Morria, liar. 1, 1776. 

(IGaaing June 8 at Three Bivera.) 
Joseph Norman, Feb. 15,1776. 
Bichaxd Nixon, do. 

TSiomaa Owen, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(I^aohaiged Sept 80, 1776.) 
Peter Polar, Feb. 15,1776. 

(Deserted April 17, 1776.) 
JaoobPrioe, Feb. 18,1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 
Franoia Qoinn, Jan. 25,1776. 

Nsthsniri Bieharda, Feb. 4,1776. 
Thomas Boberti, Feb. 16,1776. 

(Died Jnly 28, 1776.) 
IHcholaa Smeal, Jan. 25,1776. 

Daniel Shnttte, Feb. 7,1776. 

John Stomp, Feb. 1,1776. 



George Smyth, Jan. 17,1776. 

(Discharged Oot. 16, 1776.) 
Aaron Smallwood, Mar. 12, 1776. 
Jacob Thomas, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Promoted Jane 18, 1776.) 
Jonathan Wright, Jan. 25,1776. 
John WflUaras, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Ptomoted Oct 2, 1776.) 
Obsdiah Wright, Feb. 14,1776. 

(Died July 81, 1776.) 
John White, Jan. 24,1776. 

(Died July 16, 1776.) 
Ifiohael Williams, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Missing Jane 8 at Three Bivers.) 
Syah Walter, Mar. 9, 1776. 

Beaben Wiley, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Died Sept. 21, 1776.) 
Kohard Willis, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Missing June 8 st Three Bivera.) 
JohnToang, Jan. 28,1776. 



Nambs, Bahk, Datbs of Commissions, anb timb of Enlibtmbnt 

OF THX OfFICBBS AND PjUVATSB OF CaFT. ThOHAS CrAIg's 

Company, Col. St. Clair's Pbnnstlyania Battalion, from 
Jan. 6 to Nov. 2S, 1116. 

Thomas Craig, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Sept. 7, 1776. 

Badolph Banner, Captain. Commissioned Sept 7, 1776 

Andrew Kachline, Urst-lieatenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. IMschaiged 

Jane 21, 1776. 
laaae Bodd Dunn, First-lieatenant. Commissioned Jnly 4, 1776. 
John Craig, Seoond-lieatenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Nov. 

11, 1776. 
James Armstrong, Seoond-Iieutenant. Commissioned Nov. 11, 1776. 
Thomss Park, Ensign. CoBRniasioned Jan. 6, 1776. Discharged Jane 20, 1776. 
Abraham Doll, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 25, 1776. 

Bobert Marshall, Sergeant. Appointed Jan. 7, 1776. Dischai^d July 18, 1776. 
Peter Smith, do. do. Jan. 16, 1776. Promoted Nov. 11, 1776. 

Abraham Horn, do. do. Jan. 5, 1776. 

Abraham Dnll, do. do. Jan. 19, 1776. Promoted Oct 25, 1776. 

Christian Shoose, do. do. Jnly I89 1776. 



188 



OFFIOEB8 AXfD PRIVATES 



John Ctxtjt Sergeant. 
John MoMiohael, do. 



John Minor, 


do. 


do. 


George Gangwar, 


do. 


do. 


Stephen Fuller, 


do. 


do. 


Christian Shonse, CorpoTBL 


do. 


John Carey, 


do. 


do. 


Peter BgU, 


do. 


do. 


Henry Powelaon, 


do. 


do. 


John MoMiohael, 


do. 


do. 


Robert Shearer, 


do. 


do. 


Jamea Somey, 


do. 


do. 


Samuel Mow, 


do. 


do. 



Appointed Oct. 26, 1776. Discharged Nov. 21, 1776, 
do. Nov. 21, 1776. 

Jan. 16, 1776. I>rummer. 

Jan. 18, 1776. Fifior. Redooed OoU 11, 

1776. 
Oct. 11, 1776. Fifer. 
Jan. 15, 1776. Promoted July 18, 1778. 
Jan. 6, 1776. Promoted Oct. 26, 1776. 
Jan. 17, in6. Deserted April 8, 1776. 
Feb. 10, 1776. Deserted April 12, 177«. 
April 8, 1776. Promoted Not. 21, 17Tf» 
April 12, 1776. 
Nov. 21, 1776. 
July 18, 1776. 



Privates. 



Anthony Assnr, Jan. 14, 1776. 
John Ackerd, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Boyer, Sept. 1, 1776. 

Adam Branthnver, Jan. 18, 1776. 
Peter Bowerman, do. 

Jacob B^el, Feb. 2, 1776. 

Alex. Canningham, Jan. 16, 1776. 
Batler Crist, Jan. 8, 1776. 

Joeiah Crane, Jan. 12, 1776. 

Thomas Dobbs, do. 

(Deserted AprU 12, 1776.) 
Peter DaUy, Jan. 10,1776. 

(Deserted March 17,1776.) 
Daniel Deyley, Jan. 22, 1776. 

John Davis, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Missing since the engagement at 
Three Rivers, Jane 8, 1776. 
Evan Evans, Jan. 10, 1776. 

Jacob Davenspeck, Feb. 17, 1776. 
David Darling, 



John Docher, 
Leonard Labar, 
Molchir Labar, 
Robert Morey, 
David Mlnon, 
Lawrence Marr, 
John Marr, 
John Mock, 



Feb. 8, 1776. 
Feb. 14, 1776. 
Mar. 12, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 19,1776. 
Jan. 8, 1776. 
Jan. 18,1776. 
Jan. 22,1776. 

do. 



John McMichael, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Promoted AprU 8, 1776.) 
Conzad Mingea, Jan. 10, 1776. 

Christian Miller, ^ Jan. 8, 1776. 
Samuel Mow, Jan. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted July 18, 1776.) 



Mathias Miller, 
Samuel Ney, 
Leonard Na^e, 
Henry Sharer, 
Peter Smith, 
John Shannon, 
Thomas Shaffer, 
Philip Smith, 
John Darling, 



Mar. 22, 1776. 
Jan. 18, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 24,1776. 
Jan. 10,1776. 
Jan. 28, 1776. 

do. 

Mar. 6, 1776. 

Feb. 8, 1776. 



(Deserted March 12, 1776.) 
Evan Davis, Jan. 7, 1776. 

(Missing since the engagement at 
Three Rivers, June 8, 1776.) 



Peter Fleck, 
Henry Freedly, 
Daniel Foulk, 
Philip Groob, 
Samuel Grimes, 



Jan. 8, 1776. 

do. 
Jan. 17,1776. 
Jan. 24,1776. 
Mar. 18,1776. 



(Missing since the battle at Three 
Rivers, June 8, 1776.) 
G^rge Gangwer, Oct. 4, 1776. 
I John Hlndman, Jan. 22, 1776. 



or TBB SBrOVOTBfKAXT WAB. 



189 



Fredariek Honi) 


Jan. 


iUtled 
8,1776. 


Jonathan Sichnda, 


Feb. 8, 1776. 


John HMm, 


Jan. 


17, 1776. 


(Deaerted Fab. 85, 


1776.) 


Loonard Haat, 


Jan. 


18, 1776. 


Timothy Bogata, 


Jan. 11,1776. 


Ladwick HooftMn, 


Fab. 


21, 1776. 


Abraham Binkar, 


Jan. 18,1776. 


Wm- Hiikio, 


Fab. 


88, 1776. 


Conrad Beiawiek, 


Feb. 8, 1776. 


HflitmJosty 


Jan. 


8, 1776. 


QeoigeStimary 


Jan. 18,1776. 


Geoige HnntaMtty 


Jan. 


88, 1776. 


Peter Standlejr, 


Jan. 15,1776. 


Geoiige KiiBS, 


Jan. 


18, 1776. 


David Stinaoo, 


Jan. 15,1776. 


(Died Aug. <, m«.) 




Bobert Shearer, 


Jan. 81,1776. 


IGohaelKaDih 




do. 


(Promoted April 18, 1776.) 


GharioiKiiig, 


Jan. 


17, 1776. 


James Bweei^, 


Fab. 8, 1776. 


(Deserted Mtfoh 18, 1776.) 


(Promoted Nov. 81, 1776.) 




Fabw 


10, 1776. 


James Thompaon, 


Jan. 16,1776. 


GeoTge PhMS, 


Feb. 


10, 1776. 


Jacob Wiae, 


Jan. 18,1776. 


Jacob Powels, 


Feb. 


14, 1776. 


Bobert Wilaon, 


Feb. 86,1776. 


Daniel Beylej, 


Feb. 


18, 1776. 


Faltey Telaly, 


Jan. 14,1776. 


Thomaa Bamiay, 


Jan. 


87, 1776. 


Stophel Prang, 


Jan. 18,1776. 



NAioSy Rank, and Dates of Commibsions of thb Offioebs of 
Capt. Wiujam Butler's Company of Col. St. Clair's and Col. 
Wood's Pennsylvania Battalion, with a List of the Pri- 
vates, FROM January 5 to November 25, 1770, as they stood 
at Ticonderooa. 

William Batler, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Got 7, 1776. 

James Chrystie, Captain. Commisaioned November 11, 1776. 

Thomas Batler, Fiiat-lieotenant. Commlasioned January 5, 1776. 

Charies Seitze, Second-lientenant Commissioned January 5, 1776. Dropped 
September 80, 1776. 

Geoige McCuIly, Ensi^. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to lieu- 
tenant September 20, 1776. 

Kathan McMilion, Ensign. Commissioned September 80, 1776. 

Serffeanti. 
Bobert McCoIly, i Hugh MoCkrren, 

Thomas Jack, | Thomas CarreU. 



Oeoige McEee, 
Abraham Bennet, 

John Brown, 
Eiyah Branch, 



Corporals. 



Privates, 



John Eelso, 
William Webb. 



John Conner, 
Jamee Calaghan, 



190 



OmOBBS AHD PBIYAHEB 



GhulMCoi], 
James Cimig, 
William Cowley, 
John Curothen, 
AmoB Davis, 
Bobert Davis, 
Bobert Dixon, 
Bryan Doyle, 
William Ewin, 
Bobert Fathy, 
Qeoige Fleming, 
Henry Fleming, 
James Forbes, 
Andrew Gordan, 
David Hanna, 
James Hamilton, 
John Henry, 
Patrick Heron, 
Hugh Jones, 
Garret Jordan, 
James Einsey, 
WilUam Kyle, 
James Kenedy, 
John lindsey, 
Patrick Laferty, 



WiniamLocas, 
Edward Lear, 
William Martin, Jan., 
James MoConnel, 
Matthew MoCord, 
Thomas McFaddon, 
James McGiU, 
Dennis MoCanel, 
William Mathews, 
Dennis Myre, 
John MoKenzie, 
William Martin, sen., 
John MoMillion, 
Edward Navel, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan BobertB, 
Isaac Boddy, 
Qeoige Baonit, 
James Sweeny, 
John Sutherland, 
John Slover, 
John Smith, 
Isaac Stimble, 
Bobert Vamer, 
Samael Wilson. 



Nambs, Rank, and Dates or Commisbioks of the Offioxrs or 
Capt. Stephen Bayard's Compant in Col. St. Clair's Pbnn- 
STLYAKiA Battalion, with a List op the Privates, from 
January 5, 1776, to November 26, 1776. 

Stephen Bayard, Captain. Commissioned Janoary 5, 1776. 
James Chrystie, first-lieutenant. Commissioned January 6, 1776. 
John Craig, do. do. November 11, 1776. 

Isaac Budd Dunn, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Pro- 
moted July 4, 1776. 
James Black, Ensig^. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted July 4, 1776. 



John Marshall, do. 


do. November 11, 1776. 


James Gates, do. 


do. do. 




Sergeants. 


John Shepherd, 




Joseph Points, 


Barney PhiUps, 




Thomas Boyd, 


Andrew Coagroove, 




Thomas Jones. 



OF TBB BBTOLiniOirABT WAB. 



191 



John Maxwell, 

Thomas Boyd, 
Thomas Jones, 
Thomas Wood, 

PaU Allen, 
John BaggB, 
James Bnrris, 
Benjamin Blaok, 
Patrick Brown, 
Alex. Campbell, 
William Cox, 
Andrew Cosgrove, 
Bo^rt Coyle, 
John DoAeld, 
William Dougherty, 
Patt Donohoe, 
John Hollis, 
John Holliday, 
Thomaa Harkins, 
Patt Johnson, 
Joseph English, 
George Greer, 



Drum and Fife. 

I 

CorparcUs, 



George Dooherty. 



Privates, 



James Barret, 
Fatri<dc Brown. 



PattLookey, 
William Leech, 
Charles HoKinley, 
William MoClair, 
Daniel MoElvoy, 
Thomas Mnrphy, 
Robert MoClennon, 
Andrew McConnell, 
William Martin, 
Connel MoFadin, 
Wm. MoCraoken, 
John Qoigg, 
James Bnttledge, 
James Thompson, 
Bobert Wiley, 
Aaron Work, 
John Weary. 



Names, Rank, and Datss of Commissions of ths Offiobrs of 
Captain John Brisban's Company, Col. St. Clair's Pknn- 
STLVANiA Battalion, with a List of thb Privates, from 
January 6 to November 26, 1776. 

John Brisban, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Fnrlonghed by Gen. 

Gates from November 26, 1776. 
John Gross, First-lientenant. CommisBioned January 5, 1776. 
Charles Seitze, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 
WHliam Chambers, Socond-lientenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Be- 

signed July 6, 1776. 
John Evans, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Died June 20, 1776. 
Geoige Bo:^, do. do. July 4, 1776. 

Serjeants. 
Joseph Goumie, I Daniel Bloom, 

James Hagan, | Joseph Biggs. 



192 



OFFI0EB8 AND FHIVATSS 



Corporals, 



William Oaman, 
EvaaEvaiiB, 

JoMphHall, 

Thomas Allen, 
Samuel Blair, 
Jacob Bayard, 
Bobert Bayley, 
John Boyd, 
Edward Commings, 
John Oraiger, 
George Campbell, 
Frederick Deamer, 
James Dority, 
Charies^FergoBOn, 
James Gwinn, 
Bominick Hand, 
Abraham Henry, 
John Hogan, 
Thomas Jones, 
Henry McLaughlin, 
Christopher Hannon, 
Neal MoKenzie, 
Alex. MoGugan, 
Constant MoMagan, 
John Holmes, 



Drum and Fifa. 

I 
Privates. 



William Peaoock, 
mrich Whitman. 



Chariee Haney. 

James Montgomery, 
Patrick McAnaDy, 
James MoPiok, 
John MoGiU, 
Barnabas McMagan, 
Adam Moore, 
James McCormiok, 
John Ogan, 
John Oxford, 
Christian Pemperton, 
James Boss, 
Patrick Bodgers, 
HughBeed, 
Bichard Short, 
Bobert Stewart, 
Hugh Shannon, 
Ludwig Shortley, 
Lawrence Sloan, 
John Sloan, 
James Stewart, 
William Ulit, 
Adam Wilhelm. 



Nambs, Rank, and Dates or Commissions of thb Offiokrs op 
Capt. John Rbbs' Company of Col. Wood's Pennsylvania 
Battalion, with a List of the Privates, from Jan. 5 to 
Nov. 26, 1776. 

John Beese, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Beomitdng from Noy. 25, 

1776. 
Samuel Moore, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 6, 1776. Promoted Ci^ 

tain Nov. 11, 1776. 
Boss Cnrrie, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Captured by the 

enemy June 8, 1776, at Three BiYcrs. 
Daniel St. Clair, Ensign. Commissioned Sept 90, 1776. <, On reomiting serrioe. 



OF THB BEYOLUnONAKT WAB. 



193 



Heniy Eppile, Ensign. OommisBion«d Jan. 5, 1T76. Promoted lieutenant Not. 

11, 177«. 
George Hoflher, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1779. Promoted Seoond- 

Ueatenant Nov. 11, 1779. 
Kordeeai Davis, Ensign. Ck>mmis8ioned Jan. 5, 1776. Died Aug. 1 9, 1776. 





Strffeants. 




Samnel Coulter, 




Methnsalah Davis, 


David FUson, 


OorparaU. 


Adam Hamilton. 


Michael Waite, 




Andrew Moore, 


ThomMMered^ 


PrivaUi. 


Michael MoMillan. 


James Akzander, 






John Johnson, 


James Bsggs, 






James Johnson, 


Christopher Bnokle, 






Mordecai James, 


Abraham Cooldren, 






William Marr, 


Hugh Divinney, 






Thomas McClosl^, 


Jacob Dramheller, 






John McManors, 


Edward Edwards, 






Abraham Nunn, 


Hugh Edwards, 






William Otty, 


George Forguer, 






Isaac Pearsel, 


John Faolkner, 






John Beese, 


Benjamin. Gilmore^ 






William Kamage, 


William Gallaher, 






William Bamsey, 


Daniel Gallaher, 






James Eobinson, 


Enos Graham, 






George Sanxtoo, 


George Gardner, 






Jonathan Scott, 


John Hall, 






George Scott, 


Patrick Hand, 






Philip Sheer, 


John Jordan, 






Thomas WiUiamA. 



Nambs, Rank, and Datbb or Commissioms of the Offiobbs of 
Cafp. John Hulings' Company, of Col. St. Clair's Pbnnbyl- 
YANiA Battalion, with a List of thb Privatbs from Jan. 5 
TO Nov. 25, 1116. 

John Holing, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Forioughed from Oct, 

1776, by Gen. Gates. 
William Bird, First-lieatonant Conunissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Captured by the 

enemy at Tliree Biyors, Jnne 8, 1776. 

9 



IM 



OIVX0I98 ASD FWJLTaB 



WiBiam Craig, BiiMgii. Oomnisaionad Jan. 6^ 1776. Promoled 6 >ocnd limk 

tenant July 4, 1779. 
Bobs Cunie, Seoond-lieatenimt. Oommiaaioned Jan. 6, 1774. Fromoted Kor. 

11, 1776. 
Oeoife HaflhMT, EnaifD. OonmiaaioiitdJal74» 1776. Fromoted Nor. 11, l7Tlw 



Ser^eanti. 


John Tonnff, 1 Jamaa Lviraa, 
Frederiok Fonki | Barney Farrili. 


(hrponds. 


Joseph Biddle, John Gordon, 


AllenNixott, VmiJaOumn. 


James IGtcheU, Drwnmer. 


Private*. 


Frederick AhnoBd, 


Jacob Sooh, 


PhUip Albright, 


MidiaelEaa, 


Moses Baldwin, 


PaulLarMn, 


William Blaok, 


Hugh MeCardel, 


Abraham Cooper, 


Edward MoKee, 




John Bandal, 


Nathaniel Diokey, 


Peter Betse, 


Peter Daniel, 


Michael Beed, 


liathias Bair, 


Henry Bork, 


John Evans, 


Bobert Bennet, 


Michael Pagan, 


Henry Shoap, 


John Fidr, 


Peter Stone, 


Joseph Gabel, 


Peter fiervey, 


John Oorley, 


J<*n Steel, 


John Goodman, 




John Hide, 


Herman Snndo^ 


John Hnsiok 


Peter WaHrariL 



Namss, Baitk, and Dates op CojooBaoNs oy the Ofpzobbb or 
Capt. Thomas Robiwson's Oompant, of Oou Antbokt Watkk'b 
Pknnbtlyania Battauon, wrra a List of thb P&iyatbs fbom 
Jan. 6 to Nov. 26, 1 776, as it stood at Tioqndbrooa. 

Thomas Bobinaon, Captain. Commiauooed Jan. 5^ 1776. Sick in PennsylvaDia. 
John Christy, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. 
WiUiam Moolder, Second-lieutenant. Oomraiaaienad Jan. 6» 1776. BesigiMd 
Oct 1, 1776. 



OF ram wmwauomuMr wab. 



196 



Jcb Yenoii, Beoond-lientoomnt. Commiaiioiied Oct 1, 1776. 

Thomas WdlAoa, EnaiirQ. GoBuaaiMioBed Jaa. 6, m«. SasjgBtd Oil. 1« m«. 

Geoige North, JBnaigiu CommiMioned OoL 1, 1776. 



1 



Thomaa MerohaDt, j JoMph Gmy, 

James Orabb, 1 MsthiM Amos, 

David YaDeaii, Ulled or eaptnred at Thrae BiYen, Jane 8, 1776. 



Biohard Matbew% 
Bobertj 



QMVaKol, 



CorparaU. 

I 

I>rwm4m4Jfye. 

I 



Pfivatei. 



George BoUook, 
OeorgeBowhi, 
Daniel Boms, 
Joseph Bryant, 
Christopher Beneh, 
William Crane, 
Samuel Casky, 
Ahraham Chapman, 
Biahord CbnridoB, 
James Deveoj, 
John Dsvsiiy, 
Isaao Dawson, 
Jeremiah Dawson, 
Casper DriTer, 
Samuel DkdDMA^ 
JohmDwm, 
Jacob DiB, 
WllUam Davioa, 
Geofge Xatoii, 
Httmphrey Edmundson, 
Alexander Fhiley, 
FMiek Green, 
Tbomss Glenn, 
Bdward GobUma, 
J<AnHm, 
Nsthan Homer, 
Thomas James, 
Timothy Eeriej, 



StawtLlODM, 



IftOllOk 



James Lord, 
Amos LongfeDow, 
William Lynch, 
William Lammy, 
John Looghrey, 
Nathan Motts, 
John Moder, 
John Moore, 
MoiysnMeOai talj !, 
Bei^jamfai MeMnrray, 
John Mathers, 
Joseph MdBride, 
Ge<^geNoz, 
Jonathan Ph^ 
Bobert Owens, 
William BusBali, 
Thomaa Biely, 
Peter Senear, 
JohnTanyard, 
John Talbott, 
Biohard Statton, 
Beq^amhi Smith, 
JohnTsgert, 
John Wilson, 
Bobert Webb, 
James Williams, 
Beigamin Webb. 



196 



OTHOEBS AHB FBITATEB 



NiJixfl, Rank, and Datbs ot OomoasiONS ov ths Officsbs of 
Captain Thomas Chuboh's Company of Col. Watnb's Pbnn- 

STLVANIA BatTAUON, WITH A LiBT OF THB PftlYATBS, FROM JaN- 
UABT 5, TO NOVXMBSB 26, 111 6. 

Thomas Chnroh, Captain. Commisaioiied January 6, 1776. 

James B. Beid, First-lientenant do. do. 

Charies C. Beatty, Seoond-lientenant do. do. 

Job Vernon, Ensign. Commissioned January 5, 1776. Promoted to lieutenant 

in Captain Sobinaon'a Company, October 1, 1776. 
Alexander Martin, Ensign. Commissioned Ootober 1, 1776. 



William Bigham, 
Bobert Low, 



Peter Fennakd, 
Jaoob Moyer, 

Adam Eibler, 

Peter Bitting, 
Jaoob Brindle, 
Laban Soger, 
Henry Bamhart, 
JarTis Borford, 
John Bmfiy, 
Qeorge Beavar, 
John ^ham, 
Heniy Craig, 
Henry Cripe, 
Jaoob Consil, 
Patrick Conner, 
Christian Coplin, 
John Craig, 
William Delany, 
Jaoob Derr, 
John Dieter, 
Malchom Forreat, 
John Qibeon, 
John Gimiand, 
Gotleib Hoffinan, 



Serffeamti. 



Corporals. 



Drum and Fife. 



Privates. 



Samnel Widner, 
John MoMakan. 



Thomas Bigham, 
Ererhart Ferrihan. 



Charies Leonard. 



Thomas HefRsmaoy 
Edward Hagan, 
Timothy Nowland, 
Connell Kenedy, 
Bichard Kelly, 
WiUiamKerr, 
Jolm Lankister, 
John Little, 
Michael MoCoithy, 
Beqjamin Ml cb acJ, 
Bobert Molntire, 
Michael MoGee, 
James MoKinley, 
John MoEonley, 
Daniel McLeroy, 
William MoQahey, 
Archibald MoNeU, 
Andrew MoFarran, 
William Morrow, 
Thomas Molntiney, 
Charles McGahan, 



OF THB jaS7<ajmOSASSY WAB. 



19T 



Bobert MeBonal, 
Robert Mutin, 
James MeOinnes, 
John MoCraary, 
Joseph Neftl, 
John Nidde, 
Bobert NeiO, 
Benjamin Pftokf 
Henry Penainger, 
JohnBegmej, 
WniiamBi^, 
Heniy Bhariaak, 



John Smith, 
G^rge Seeds, 
Charles Sample, 
Bobert Shepard, 
James Smith, 
Thomas Sharp, 
Bobert Wood, 
Jamea Woods, 
Bobert Wrifi^ 
Samnel Whitman, 
John Wooleber, 
John WilUanMon. 



Namks, Raitk, akd Datbb or Commibsionb of thi Offiokiis of 
Captain John Laobt's Comfant of Colonel Wayne's Penn- 
STLYANiA Battalion, with a Liar of the Pbitates, fbom Jan^ 
UABT 5, to Noyxmbeb 1, 1776. 

John Laoey, Captain. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

Samnel Smith, First-lieutenant Commissioned January 6, 1776. 

Miohaftl Byan, Seoond-lieutenant. Commissioned January 5, 1776. 

John Bartley, Snsign. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted Oct 1, 1776. 

Jamea Forbes, Ensign. Commissioned Ootober 1, 1776. 



William Hood, 
Andrew Oliphant, 



Stafford Graham, 
John Peter, 



John MoCowen, 

Jaoob Anderson, 
James Anderson, 
James Agnew, 
Moses Alkson, 
John Bodenham, 
William Camagy, 
Jamea Commings, 
Thomas Corbett, 



Serjeants, 



(hrporaU. 



Drum and Fife, 

I 

Privates. 



William Bandle, 
Samuel Elliot. 



John Bafley, 
Samuel Morris. 



DsTid Pakner. 



Henry Clotter, 
Arthur MoCrea^ 
Anthony MoClellan, 
Abednego Davis, 
Thomas IHokinson, 
Samuel Fegan, 
John Gibson, 
Thomas Gordon, 



Ids 



OWtlOBBti JCSf> nkliVA'liB 



Samuel Hare, 
Peter Jones, 
Franois Kelly, 
Bobert Lawrence, 
Aaron Loekard, 
Bobert Leason, 
John Lasehom, 
John May, 
Daniel Mmhnfl; 
ThottflaHaby, 
John Muy, 
Torreme MeManea, 
liaaoMeaaon, 
Biohard Moore, 
Bobert MoGandy, 
JohnNobla, 
Samuel Nief, 
David Nelson, 
Kkskolaa Badin, 



Bobert BedflMm, 
John Baadle, 
Qeoiige Sawyers, 
Thomaa Service, 
Benjamin Stagg, 
George Saville, 
John Smilli, 
Zecheus Smit^, 
WilUaoi Stoel, 
Jeremiah SvlHvui, 
Thomas ThompBon, 
James TliomaB, 
James Weady, 
William Welch, 
Philip WUliama, 
David Wesner, 
Charles Walllngton, 
Moses Whalen, 
John Bidden. 



Nambb, Raitk, Datks or OoMiassioirs, Ain> Tnis ov "Bmsspntxirr 
OF THE Officers and Privates of Captain Pbrsifoe Frazer's 
Company of Col. Wayne's Penhsylyania Battalion, from 
January 5 to Notbmber 26, 1776. 

Persiibr Franr, Captain. Commissioned Jan. 5, 1776. Promoted SepL S4^ 1779. 
Joseph Potts, Captain. Comnussioned October 12, 1776. 
Benjamin Bartholomew, Captain. Commissioned January S, 1776. 
Isaac Seely, SecoodrlkuteaBaat. Commissioned January 5, I77t. 
Levi Griflith, Bnsign. Commisaionod January 5, 1776. 



Sergeants, 



Edward Buckley, 
Daniel Harris, 



AppoktUd 
Jan. 16^1776. 
Jan. 81,1776. 



William McGca, 
Edward Vemer, 



Corporals, 



App&Med 
Joshua Davis, Jan. 19, 1776. 

(Drowned Aug. 1, 1776.) 
Evan James, Fob. 7, 1776. 



James Long, 
John Taylor, 
Abram Wood, 



Jppoimied 
Jan. td, 1776. 
Feb. S, 1776. 



Appotmua 

Feb. 8, 1776. 
Jan. 1», 1776. 
Aug. 1,1776. 



OF tBB WirOLimOMAmt WAB. 



199 



Drummers* 



▲bcahAm Butler, Jan. 21,1776. 

(Diaoharged April 19, 1776.) 
John MoCtfter, April 1», 1776. 

(Returned to rttki Jwij 1, 1776.) 



AppoinisA 

Bobert Molntire, July 1, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 1, 1776.) 
AbnmMoBkaH, Noy. 1,1776. 

WUliun Kline, Fifer, Jan. 22, 1776. 



Privates. 



James Adams, 


F^h. 


5, 1776. 


(Deserted Joly 10, 1776.) 




George AtkinsoD, 


Jan. 


17,1774. 


Joseph Be4Aet, 


April 


8, 1776. 


Pbifip Bolton, 


April 


6, 1776. 


James Beiry, 


Feb. 


17, 1776. 


Thomas BoniB, 


Jan. 


W, 1776. 


John Boyles, 


Feb. 


28,1776. 




Jan. 


22,1774. 


Jehn Bsrtholomew, 


Feb. 


12,1776. 


(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 




FhiUpBostol, 


Jan. 


•1,1776. 


John Biaekwood, 


Mar. 


21, 1776. 


Patrick Gomiec, 


Feb. 


22,1776. 


JLawrenoe Connolly, 


Feb. 


1,1776. 


Thomas Ooward, 


Feb. 


14, 1776. 


(Ked Feb. 15, 1776.) 




Patriok CWroll, 


Jan. 


16, 1776. 


William Craddicks, 


Feb. 


7, 1776. 



(Deserted Mar. 12, 1776.) 
JohnOorry, Feb. 20,1776. 

William Oane, Feb. 10,1776. 

JohnCligner, Mar. 17» 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
Charies Calhoun, April 22, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 20, 1776.) 
James Duley, Feb. 27,1776. 

John Dobbins, April 6, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
PaalEOis, Jan. 28,1776. 

Thomas Guin, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John Harvey, Feb. 15,1776. 

George Uerbeter, May 9, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
David Harris, Jan. 22,1776. 

(Disehaiged April 19, 1776.) 



John Harrington, Jan. 16, 1776. 
James Innia, Feb. 7, 1776. 

John Ingram, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Disohaiged May 1, 1776.) 
Thomaa Junkin, Jan. 22, 1776. 

(Disehaiged April 19, 1774.) 
Francis Jones, Jan. 21, 1776. 

(Discharged April 20, 1776.) 
Patriok Joyce, Mar. 21, 1776. 

Jaoob Kirrigaii, Feb. 1, 1774. 

(Disoharged April 1, 1776.) 
Peter King, Jan. 16,1776. 

Caleb Kenedy, Jan. 

(Died Jan. 18, 1774.) 
Timothy Kelly, Jan. 

Christopher Kelly, Jan. 
Patrick Ljnn, Feb. 

Waiiam Lyons, Jan. 

John McCuUoh, Feb. 

Joseph McCormick, Jan. 
Zebulon Morland, Feb. 

(Claimed by Col. MaxwelL) 
William McGnire, Jan. 25,1776. 
Charies MoGarrel, Jan. 81, 1776. 
John MoCarter, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted to Drummer April 19.) 



10, 1776. 

26, 1776. 
21, 1776. 
24, 1776. 
81, 1776. 

6, 1776. 
27, 1776. 

8,1776. 



James McDonald, Jan. 16,1776. 
Patrick Martin, Jan. 26,1776. 

Bobert Meroer, do. 

Samuel McCnlly, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Hugh McLaughlin, Feb. 8, 1776. 
John Murtland, Feb. 1, 1776. 

John MiUer, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(A servant, disehaiged.) 
Joshua Matin, Jan. 28,1776. 

(Disehaiged May 1, 1776.) 



aoo 



OFFKnmS AND FBIVATB8 



JPhUHed 
Samuel MoGowen, April 29, 1779. 
John McLaoghlin, April 22, 1776. 
Peter McDonald, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(A servant, discharged.) 
William Nelson, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 18, 1776.) 
JohnNuby, Feb. 16,1776. 

Joseph Norman, Kar. 21, 1776. 
Thomas Owen, Jan. 81, 1776. 

William O^Neal, Jan. 16,1776. 

(Discharged April 19, 1776.) 
Peter O'Brien, May 9, 1776. 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
John Parker, Jan. 29, 1776. 

David Powell, Jan. 26,1776. 

Samuel Pedrick, April 6, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 



William Rowb, 


Jan. 


80, 1776. 


Hezekiah Ragg, 


Jan. 


16, 1776. 


John Hamsey, 


Mar. 


26, 1776. 


Tobias Shields, 


Jan. 


21, 1776. 


Samuel Smiley, 


Jan. 


19, 1776. 


Michael Smith, 


Jan. 


18, 1776. 


John Steward, 


Mar. 


19, 1776. 



Daniel Swiney, April 1, 1776. 

(Deserted Oct 10, 1776.) 
John MoCarter, July 1, 1776. 

Bobert Molntire, do. 

William Toland, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Died Sept 26, 1776.) 
John Tanner, Jan. 19, 1776. 

William Trego, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Confined, and left with Qenend 
Washington's army.) 
David Thomas, April 17, 1776. 

John Wataon, Feb. 4, 177& 

(Deserted July 10, 1776.) 
Alexander Wright, Jan. 16, 1776^ 

(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 
Jobn Wilson, Feb. 1, 1776w 

John Wolf, Jan. 26,1776. 

Abraham Wood, April 6, 1776i. 

(Promoted Aug. 1, 1776.) 
James Young, April 18, 1776. 

(Deserted July 11, 1776.) 
John Young, April 22, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
John Walker, July 1, 1776. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and time of Enustmeot 
OF the Officers and Privates of Capt. James Taylor's 
Company, of Col. Wayne's Pennsylvania Battauon, from 
Jan. 5 to Nov. 26, 1776. 

James Taylor, Captain. CJommissioned January 6, 1776. 

Michael Kimmol, First-lieutenant. (Commissioned January 6, 1776. 

Thomas Boude, Seoond-lieutenant Commissioned January 6, 1776. 

Ezekiel Letts, Ensign. Commissioned January 6, 1776. Resigned Oct 11, 1776. 

John Harper, Ensign. Commissioned October 12, 1776. 



Francis Rutli, 
James McCnllock, 
Bobert Anderson, 



Sergeants, 

Appointed 

Jan. 20, 1776. 

Jan. 27,1776. 

Jan. 27, 1776. 



AppoimUi 
John Lindsey, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Deserted July 1, 1776.) 
Joseph Simeral, July 2, 1776. 



OF THB KBYOLUnOHAST WAB. 



901 



Corporals. 



AppoimUd 
Akfunder McHattOD, Jan. 87,1776. 
Kaihaiuel MoGill, Jan. 26,1776. 



BobertBoM, 
Samuel GUTen, 



AppoimUd 
Kar. 1, 1776. 
Feb. 10,1776. 



Drummers. 



EUasPeten, Jan. 80,1776. 

(Bednoed to ranks Jane 26.) 
John OmnoUy, June 25, 1776. 



Jamea Graham, Jan. 29,1776. 

(Dead Gen. HoapitaL) 



Privates. 



Jamea Andenon, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 


Humphrey Andrews 


, Jan. 


26, 1776. 


BaTid Armstrong, 


Feb. 


10, 1776. 


(Deserted July 1, 


1776.) 




Hiobae] Arthar, 


Jan. 


80, 1776. 


Thomas Baxter, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 




Jan. 


29, 1776. 


Zeoharias Boyoe, 


Jan. 


80, 1776. 


John Bowman, 


Jan. 


22, 1776. 


James Britain, 


Feb. 


1. 1776. 




Feb. 


14, 1776. 


Samuel Carson, 


Jan. 


26, 1776. 


James Coffleld, 


Feb. 


7, 1776. 


John Connolly, 


Mar. 


12, 1776. 


(Promoted Dmmmer, Jane 26.) 


James Conner, 


Feb. 


8, 1776. 


(Died Oct. 24, 1776.) 




James Cornelias, 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


John Cornelias, 


Jan. 


12, 1776. 


Kerry Copland, 


Mar. 


1, 1776. 


John DaUey, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 


James Dale, 


Jan. 


80, 1776. 


William Davidson, 


Mar. 


28, 1776. 


Daniel Denjel, 


Feb. 


6,1776. 


Cornelias Devinny, 


Jan. 


81, 1776. 


Joseph Dew, 


Feb. 


7, 1776. 


John Dieffenderffer, 


Jan. 


80, 1776. 


John Dobbins, 


Feb. 


8, 1776. 


Bobert Dobbins, 


Jan. 


25, 1776. 


Dennis Dougherty, 


Feb. 


7, 1776. 


John Dunn, 


Feb. 


1, 1776. 


James Dysart, 


Jan. 


27, 1776. 



ETan Svans, Feb. 7, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 
John Fisler, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 
John Fitzgerald, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deemed Jaly 6, 1776.) 
William Fleming, Jan. 81,1776. 
William Gibson, Jan. 27,1776. 

Byncer Gibbert, Jan. 12, 1776. 

John Gilbreth, Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Deserted Jane 29, 1776.) 



Paol Gilmore, Jan. 29, 

Thomas Gould, Jan. 27, 

Thomas Griffith, Feb. 6, 

Christian Grim, do. 

Christian. Hague, Feb. 10, 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 
David Hailey, Jan. 

Charies Hsnagan, Jan. 
David Hayes, Feb. 

(Died Nov. 20, 1776.) 



Samuel Hughes, Mar. 

John Jones, Feb. 

Thomss Kelly, Jan. 

William Leadly, Jan. 

James Letts, Jan. 

John Logan, Jan. 
(Deserted Feb. 18, 1776.) 

Joseph Mashman, Feb. 

Jacob Mayer, Feb. 

Jaoob Miller, Feb. 

Mioh^ Millar, Feb. 



1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776 
1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 



20S 



ovFicms jm> PBivAtvi' 



AprU 10, 



William Korgan, 

Bidiard Motris, Feb. 

William MoAy^ Jan. 

Thomas MoGaiBan, Jan. 

John MoCann, Jan. 

William Hoanakj, Jan. 

Joseph MoConneU, Feb. 

William McConnell, Jan. 

Geoige McCord, Feb. 

John McCowan, Jan. 

Maloom McDonald, Feb. 

William McDonald, Jan. 

John MoKlnney, Jan. 

John MoClelland, Jan. 

Samuel MoMurray^ Mar. 

Dani<d MoNeal, Feb. 

Bobert McPlke, F«b. 

Alexander Nelson, Jan. 

Felix O'Neal, Jan. 

Arthur Pattenon, Jan. 

EUasPetorB, Jona S5, 

Mi^diael Phink, Feb. <, 
Franda Porter, do. 

Patrick Riley, Jan. 81, 
(Discharged at Fort George.) 

James Bichardion, Jan. 24, 



1, 



177«. 
1776. 
1776. 
1774. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 

1776. 



James Bidings, 


Feb. 6, 1776. 


WiUiam Bogan, 


Jan. 80,1776. 


John Boss, 


Jmi. 26,1776. 


John BudioU, 


Feb. 10,1776. 


(Deserted Jan. », 1 


1776.) 


Thomas Scott, 


Jan. 28,1776. 


(Deserted Feb. SO, 


1776.) 


Christopher Sipe, 


Feb. 6, 1776. 


Archibald Shanks, 


Feb. 12,1771 


John Sharp, 


Jan. 25,1776. 


Mathew Sunpson, 


Feb. 16,1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 90 


» 1776.) 


AndiMT Siimet, 


Jan. 80,1776. 


Josei^ Simsral, 


Jan. 26,1176. 


(Promoted Sergeant, Jaly S.) 


J(^m Spear, 


Feb. 1, 1776. 


Walter St J<^ 


Feb. 8, 1776. 


Leonard Stons, 


Jan. 80,1776. 


(Deserted Feb. 20, 


1776.) 



Frands Taylor, itm. 29,1776. 

Samuel Vogan, Feb. 1, 1776. 

John Watson, Mar. 20, 1776. 

Andrew Wilson, Jan. 29, 1776. 

John Welt, Feb. 10,1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 19, 1776.) 

Michael Wise, Feb. 6» 1776. 



Nahbs, Rank, and Dates of Oombussions, of thb Field, Staff, 

AND OTHER OFFICERS OF COLONEL WiLUAM IrYINE'S PENHSTlr 

VANiA Regiment, with a List of the Privates, as it stood at 
Mount Independence, November 28, Vl*lQ. 

William Irvine, Colonel. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Captured by British 
troops under General Frazer, June 8, 1776, at Three Bivers, about forty-five 
miles down the St. Lawrenoe fVom the month of Sorel River. General 
Thompson, Colonel Irvine, and about two hundred men were captured here, 
and about twenty-five shun, by the enemy. 

Thomas Hartley, Lieutenant-colonel. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

James Dnnlap, Major. Commissioned January 10, 1776. 

David Greer, M^'or. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

John Brooks, Adjutant and Lieutenant Commissioned January 9, 1776. 



or THB BSTOLimOirAIET VAB. 



908 



Robert Jobiiflon, 8aig>eon. Oommisftioned January 9, 1776. 

John MoDowl, Sargeon^s Mate and Lientenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. 

James Calderwood, Qaarterraaster. Comnussioned January 9, 1776. Promoted 

to Lientenant on board the Fleet, Angost 1, 1776. 
^ilUam Nichols, Quartermaster. Commissioned August 1, 1776. Beaignod 

November 17, 1776. 
Robert Hopes, Quartermaster. Commissioned NoYomber 17, 1776, by order of 

QeneralQates. 



Company No, 1. 

Sftmnel Hay, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 

John Grier, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken priaoner 
July 24, 1776. 

Alexander Parker, Seoond-Ueutooant. Commisaioned January 9, 1776. Pro- 
moted June 1, 1776. 

8amuel Montgomery, 6eoond4ieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 

William Miller, Ensign. Commissioned Jaauary 9, 1776. 



Aifpoimted 
John Hughes, Jan. t9, 1776. 

(Promoted Jane S4.) 
JohnFaneet, Jan. 17,1776. 

(Captured at Three Bivera June 8, 
1776.) 



AppoMed 
John Foster, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Bivere, June 8.) 
John Parker, Jan. 28, 1776. 

William Boyd, June M, 1776. 

(Taken prisoner July 24, 1776.) 



Oorpar^. 



JohnHanna, JaiL 15,1776. 

Ezekiel Sample, do. 

Franois Bowdln, do. 

(Beduoed July 24.) 



WilUamBoyd, Jan. 95,1776. 

(Prom, to Serg't June 24, 1776.) 
William Bramer, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(July 24, 1776.) 



John Drnmond, 
John Henry, 



Jan. 20,1776. 
Jan. 15,1776, 



Drummers, 

Elias Mewnham, Fifer, 



Feb. 20, 1776. 



Privates, 



John Butcher, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Andrew Byers, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
John Boyle, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Taken on board the fleet. Got. 15, 
1776.) 
William Brimigin, Feb. 5, 1776. 
Patri^Bolden^ Jan. 25,1776, 



EnUdsd 
Feb. 21,1776. 
2, 1776. 



Bobert Brown, 

Abram Boyd, Feb. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Samuel Barclay, Jan. 80, 1776. 

William Bamer, Jan. 25,1776, 

(Promoted July 24, 1776.) 
Darby Bannon, Feb. 15, 1776. 

William ^ateon, Jan. 5, 1776. 



OFflOEBS AHD PBIYATIS 



George Batler, Feb. 20,1776. 

(Captured Jnne 8, 1776.) 
William Blair, Feb. 28,1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Samuel Cochran, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Promoted Jnne 9, 1776, to Ser- 
geant, but eick.) 
Charles Carlton, Mar. 1, 1776. 

James Cochran, Biar. 8, 1776. 

(Killed at Three Riven Jnne 8, '76.) 
Bobert Cnnningham, Jan. 28, 1776. 
Patrick Demsey, Jan. 25, 1776. 
Thomas Dyaa, Jan. 26,1776. 

John Dunwoody, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Edward Davison, Jan. 80, 1776. 
. Henry Freet, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Wounded.) 
John Flaverty, Jan. 28,1776. 

Abel Forsyth, Jan. 81, 1776. 

Bobert Forsjlh, Jan. 26, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
Arthur French, Jan. 80, 1776. 

James Graham, 1st, Jan. 26, 1776. 
James Graham, 2d, Feb. 27, 1776. 
Timothy Hariy, Jan. 81,1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Bobert Hughes, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Hastings, Jan. 81, 1776. 

Bobert Hamilton, Feb. 28, 1776. 
William Holliday, ' Jan. 29, 1776. 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Thomas Hanon, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
John Jamison, Feb. 10, 1776. 

(Deserted April 8, 1776.) 
James Eearns, Jan. 81, 1776. 

Archibald Kennedy, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Sergeant since Aug. 1.) 
Michael Kerr, Jan. 27, 1776. 

(Deserted Feb. 28, 1776.) 
William Leech, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 24, 1776.) 
Samuel Lowrey, Feb. 28, 1776. 

Edward Murphy, Feb. 1, 1776. 



Thomas Means, Jan. 25, 1776. 

Alex. Mwrs, Feb. 1, 1776, 

Edward McMullan, Feb. 15, 1776. 
James Mitchell, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John McMichael, Feb. 8, 1776. 
William Mclntyre, Feb. 6, 1776. 
Adam Martin, Feb. 12, 1776. 

((^ptured June 8, 1776.) 
Hugh McMillan, Feb. 21,1776. 

James MuUoy, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Charles McConnell, Jan. 26, 1776. 
William McCoy, do. 

James McCormick, Feb. 5, 1776. 

(Deserted Nov. 15, 1776.) 
William McQuown, Jan. 17,1776. 

(Appointed Sergeant, June 10. 
Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Patrick McCormick, Feb. 20,1776. 
James McClaine, Feb. 1, 1776. 
Buday McCoy, Feb. 4, 1776. 

Patrick Mo(Jalls, Feb. 20, 1776. 

(Died at (Carlisle April 1, 1776.) 
Daniel McGlaughlin, Feb. 1, 1776. 
William McKee, Feb. 27, 1776. 

William McKinley, Feb. 20,1776. 
William McDonald, do. 

(Killed at Three Bivers June 8.) 
Thomas Nelson, Jan. 28, 1776. 

(Captured At Three Bivers June 8.) 
Bobert Neal, Jan. 29,1776. 

Bobert Pendergrass, Mar. 14, 1776. 
Charles Biley, Jan. 5, 1776. 

David Boaoh, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 12, 1776.) 
John Boss, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Bobert Beah, Feb. 12,1776. 

(Deserted Nov 26, 1776.) 
Francis Bowain, July 24, 1776. 

Michael Trance, Jan., 26, 1776. 

Joseph Thompson, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Wouuded and captured July 24.) 
Alex. Thomas, Feb. 26, 1776. 

John Thompson, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted March 27, 1776.) 
Charles Wright, Jan. 22,1776. 



or TUB KETOLimOHABT WAB. 



206 



€hdTet Wagoner, 
Andrew Wilfion, 
Alex. Wilkins, 



Jan. 26, ir7e. 

Feb. 1, 1776. 

do. 



John White, Jan. 26,1776, 

(Died July 2, 1776.) 



Company No. 2. 



Robert Adams, Captain. Commissioned Jan. », 1776. Killed June 21, 1776. 

Lewis Bash, do. do. June 24, 1776. 

William Bratton, First-lieutenant Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. 

William Nichd, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned June 21, 1776. 

Samuel McFerran, Seoond-lientenant Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Ftomoted 

June 21 in Captain Wilson's Company. 
James Calderwood, Ensign. Commissioned May 1, 1776. Promoted Aug. 1, 

on board the Fleet. 
Thomas McCoy, Ensign. Conunlssioned Aug. 1, 1776. Taken prisoner Oct 

1, 1776. 
John King, Ensign. Commissioned Oct. 17, 1776. 



Sergeants, 

AppoimUa 
Jamea Swing, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Samuel Woods, do. 

(Beduoed June 2, 1776.) 
John MoLin, do. 



John Smith, Jan. 26,1776. 

(Beduoed May 16, 1776.) 
William Kyle, May 15,1776. 

John Orbison, June 2, 1776. 



CorpordU. 

William Beniok, 
Joaiah Wilson, 
Timothy O'Neal, 



Joseph Byars, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Thomas Lawson, do. 

(Beduced May 1, 1776.) 
Alex. Camaghan, do. 

Drummer and Fifer. 

JohnHaset, Jan. 80,1776. | John Wann, 

Privates. 



Jan. 26,1776. 
June 16, 1776. 
Sept. 26, 1776. 



Jan. 26,1776. 



Roj?er Bums, Jan. 26, 1776. 

William Bryan, do. 

John Burns, Feb. 14,1776. 

Andrew Bams, do. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
William Ba*kins, Feb. 14,1776. 
Richard Brannon, Jan. 26, 1776. 
(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
Walker Beatty, Feb. 8, 1776. 



JMMed 
Daniel Blue, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Waiting on Gen. Schuyler.) 
John Bucket, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted May 1, 1776.) 
James BuUain, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 10.) 
John Cachy, Jan. 80, 1776. 

Alex. Campbell, do. 

Amos Chapman, Feb. 8, 1776. 



906 



0FFIO8B8 Ain> PBIVATBB 



Robert Oatnmins, Jan. 80, 1776. 
John Conner, Feb. 1, 1776. 

Charles Dagan, Jan. 25, 1776. 

John Davis, do. 

(Captured at Three Bivers Jane 10.) 
William Drannon, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Edward Benny, Jan. 80, 1776. 

(Killed Jane 10, at Three Bivers.) 
George Drue, Feb. 14,1776. 

James DofPjr, Jan. 80, 1776. 

James Douglas, Mar. 1, 1776. 

(Captured Oct. 1, and on parole.) 
WiUiam Dyer, Mar. 1, 1776. 

John Dougherty, Jan. 80, 1776. 
James BUiott, Feb. U, 1776. 

Edward Edgarton, do. 

John Ewing, Feb. 6, 1776. 

Edward Gallaher, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Thomas GiUb, Feb. 17,1776. 

Thomas Greer, Jan. 80, 1776. 

William Hamilton, Jan. 96,1776. 

(Died Bept. 1, 1776.) 
James Hamilton, Jan. 96, 1776. 
Hugh Handbury, Jan. 80,1776. 
John Hamilton, Jan. 81, 1776. 

James Higgins, Feb. 14, 1776. 

David Hall, Feb. 4, 1776. 

George Wiseman, Jan. 21, 1776. 
William Bedstone, Jan. 21,1776. 
Thomas Lawson, May 1, 1776. 
(Captured June 10, at Three Bivers.) 
Solomon Isaac, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Captured Jane 10, at Three Bivers.) 
Bichard Joyce, Jan. 80, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Bivers.) 
James Kenedy, Jan. 80, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Bivers.) 
Thomas Killwell, Jan. 21,1776. 
WaiiamKyle, Jan. 80,1776. 

(Promoted Sergeant May 16.) 
James MaxweU, Feb. 14,1776. 

Thomas MoGee, do. 

John McGee, do. 

Thomas Mclntire, Jan. 21,1776. 



William May, Feb. 22, 1776. 

Gilbert McCoy, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Thomas McCoy, do. 

(Promoted Edsign May 1, 1776.) 
William McGowan, Jan. 80,1776. 
John McCartney, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Barnabas McGilUgan, Feb. 5, 1776. 
James Murkhey, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Deserted May 27, 1776.) 
Andrew McGee, Feb. 14, 1776. 
PaulMcNeal, Feb. 80,1776. 

Michael McConneU, Jan. 80,1776. 
(Captured June 10, at Three Bivers.) 
Thomas Morrow, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Taken on the Fleet Oct. 12.) 
Hugh McLane, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Biven.) 
William Mooney, Mar. 1, 1776. 
Timothy O'Neid, Feb. 8, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal Sept. 21.) 
John Olford, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John OUson, Jan. 80, 1776. 

(Promoted Sergeant, June 2.) 
William Polch, Jan. 80,1776. 

(Died Sept. 22, 1776.) 
Jacob Pitzer, Jan. 80, 1776. 

James Quigley, Jan. 21, 1776. 

William Standnp, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Joshua Smith, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Captured June 1*^, at Three Bivera.) 
Patt Shockney, Feb. 6, 1776. 

James Stenson, May 1, 1776. 

John Swany, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Deserted April 10, 1776.) 
James Thompson, Jan. 21, 1776. 
Evan Tomlinson, Feb. 8, 1776. 
Samuel Wood, Jan. 25, 1776. 

(Captured June 10, at Three Bivers.) 
William Waugh, Feb. 8, 1776. 
John White, do. 

Josiah Wilson, Jan. 80, 1776. 

(Promoted Corporal June 15.) 
John Ward, Feb. 2, 1776. 



OF im mfii^xmbnMMf wajel 



307 



Company No, 8. 

Abnliam Smith, Captftin. Commissioned Jannsiy 9, 1776. 

Bobert White, First-lieutensnt. Oommissioned Jantuuy 9, 1776. Sesigned 

Pebraaiy 9, 1776. 
John Alexander, Second-UenteiiaDt. Oommisekwed Jaanary 9, 1776. Promoted 

Febroaiy 10, 1776. 
Andrew Irvine, Seoond-Ueatensnt. Commissioned Febrnsry 9, 1776. 
Scunoel Montgomery, Ensign. Cosmu8el<med Jsnnary 9, 1776. Promoted June 

1, 1776. 
SasMiel Kennedy, £nsign» Commissioned June 1, 1776. 



Sergeants* 



Jolin Bestty, Jen. 97,1776. 

SsDuiel Hamilton, Jan. 80,1776. 
(Died July 11, 1776.) 



Hugh Foster, 
WilUam Boott, 
William Bark, 



Feb. 8, 1776. 
Feb. 11,1776^ 
July 11,1776. 



Corporals. 



WlIUamBark, Jan. S9, 1776. 

(Promoted July 11, 1776.) 
George Standley, Mar. 8, 1776. 

(Died in Oct, 1776.) 
John Moore, Feb. 18, 1776. 

(Died in Sept, 1776.) 
Wmiam Chmpbell, Feb. 8, 1776. 



Privates^ 



SnUtML 
David Armor, Feb. 9, 1776. 

(Deserted May 14, 1776.) 
John Brown, Feb. 8, 1776. 

Patrick Brown, Feb. 4, 1776. 

John Blakeley, Feb. 22,1776. 

John Brannon, Mar. 9, 1776. 

(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Philip Boyle, Mur. 9, 1776. 

Josiah Cochran, Jan. 29, 1776. 

Bobert Craighead, Feb. 6, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Rivers June 9.) 
Anthony Creevy, Feb. 19, 1776. 
William Cochran, Mar. 2, 1776. 

(Promoted Aug. 1, 1776.) 
James Dunlap, Feb. 2, 1776. 



Seth Biehey, 


Jnly 11,1776. 


William McCormiok 


, Sept 26, 1776. 


William Drennon, 


Oct 25,1776. 


John Fannon, 


Feb. 4,1776. 


(Drummer.) 




William Cochran, 


Aug. 1,1776. 


(Rfer.) 




€t. 


WiUUUA 


Thomas Drennon, 


Feb. 12,1776. 


William Downey, 


do. 


Hugh Drennon, 


Feb. 14,1776. 


Daniel Divinney, 


Feb. 20,1776. 


(Captured Oct. 12, 1776.) 


Patrick Flemming, 


Feb. 1, 1776. 


Williani Guin, 


Jan. 29,1776. 


Alex. Gordon, 


Jan. 27, 1776. 


Bobert Gregg, 


Feb. 22,1776. 


Thomas Higgins, 


Jan. 80,1776. 


(Captured Oct 12, 


1776.) 


James Holliday, 


Feb. 8, 1776. 


Thomas Holmes, 


Feb. 4, 1776. 


John Hendricks, 


April 8,1776. 


(Deserted May 28, 


1776.) 



OinOEBB AND PfiXVATES 



Robert Jarret, Feb. 8, 1776. 

Thomas Johnson, Feb. 12, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Bivers June 9.) 
Benjamin Ishmail, Feb. 12, 1776. 
Samael Love, Jan. 29, 1776. 

George Lucas, Feb. 10, 1776. 

Nicholas Little, Feb. 14, 1776. 

(Captured at Three Bivers June 9.) 
James Lowry, Feb. 14, 1776. 

Daniel MoKissock, Jan. 9, 1776. 
John MoCollam, do. 

William McCormiok, Feb. 1,1776. 

(Promoted Sept 26, 1776.) 
Michael McGarra, Feb. 1, 1776. 

(Deserted May 28, 1776.) 
Bryan McLaughlin, Feb. 2, 1776. 
John McFetridge, 
John Montgomery, 
Michael McMulIan, 
James McKissook, 
Adam McBrea, 



Alex. Moore, 
John McDowell, 
Bobert Miller, 
Hugh Milligan, 
Samuel MoBrea, 



do. 

Feb. 8, 1776. 

do. 

do. 

Feb. 4, 1776. 

do. 

6, 1776. 
do. 
7, 1776. 
12, 1776. 



Feb. 

Feb. 
Feb, 



(Died Aug. 10, 1776.) 
Bobert Mcllno, Feb. 25,1776. 

Alex. McKenny, Mar. 4, 1776. 

Moses Powell, Feb. 19,1776. 

(KiUed Sept. 6, 1776.) 



Nathaniel Points, 
John Banneil, 
Seth Bichey, 

(Promoted July 11, 1776.) 
Patrick Bogers, - Feb. 
John Banneil, jnn., Feb. 
Peter Buney, Feb. 

Alex. Beid (sick), 
Alexander Beid, 2d, 



Feb. 2, 1776. 

do. 
Feb. 4, 1776. 



4, 1776. 

5, 1776. 

9, 1776. 
Feb. 26,1776. 
Mar. 8, 1776. 



(Captured at Three Bivers June 9.) 



Mar. 

Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 



BarthoL Boharty, 
Thomas Smith, 
Patrick Silvers, 
Thomas Soott, 
George Simpson, 
Bobert Swime, 
John Stoops, 
Adam Sheaver, 
William Stitt, 
Peter Sheran, 

(Deserted May 14.) 
Charies Tipper, 
John Todd, 
Michael White, 

(Captured at Three Bivers June 9.) 
James White, Feb. 16, 1776. 

John MoEingham, do. 

(Captured at Three Bivers June 9.) 
John Wilson, Feb. 16,1776. 

John Young, Feb. 4,1776. 



9, 1776. 
29, 1776. 
6, 1776. 
7,17T«.. 
18, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
22,1776. 
do. 
do. 
Mar. 6,1776. 

Jan. 27,1776. 
Jan. 29, 1776. 
Feb. 10,1776. 



Company No. 4. 

William Bippey, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
William Alexander, First-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Pro- 
moted to Captain, June 1, 1776. 
Alexander Parker, First-lieutenant. Commissioned June 1, 1776. 
John Brooks, Second-lieutenant. do. January 9, 1776. 

William Lusk, Ensign. do. do. 



John Hughes, 
Bobert Watt, 



Sergeants, 

AppakUed 
Jan. 18,1776. 
do. 



John McClelland, 
William Anderson, 



AppolmUd 
Jan. 18, 1776. 
do. 



OF THE BSTOLUnOKABT WAB. 



209 



Ccrporcds, 



AppoinMl 
Wi]liam Gibb, Jan. 19, 1776. 

(Promoted in August to Capt. Wil- 
son's Co.) 
Jeremiah McKiblen, Jan. 26, 1776. 
Jamfis McCoUoogh, do. 



AppoM4d 
Qeorge Gordon, Jan. 26, 1776. 

Nathaniel Steyenson, Jan. 27, 1776. 
Daniel Peterson, Mar. 26,1776. 

(Dnimmer.) 
Wnx. Richards, Fifer, Jan. 18,1776. 



Privates, 



Feb. 12,1776. 
22, 1776. 
2, 1776. 



Jacob Anderson, 

Bobert Barddey, Jan. 

Bernard Boms, Feb. 

(Drammed out May 10.) 
Robert Caakey, Jan. 29,1776. 

Henry Caistweight, Feb. 2, 1776. 
Robert Cortney, do. 

Jac'bChriBtyardenger,Feb. 1,1776. 
Benjamin Cochran, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Captnred at Three RlTors, Jane 8.) 
HoghCaU, Jan. 24,1776. 

John CoUins, Feb. 2, 1776. 

(Died Nov. 22, 1776.) 
William Donoherty, Feb. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Jan. 



John Davison, 
Joseph Divin, 
Anthony Dawson, 
Thomas Dyoke, 
James Finerty, 
Hugh Forsyth, 
Hagh Ferguson, 
Terranoe Falls, 
William Gkorge, 
Henry Girven, 
Thomas Gill, 
Jacob Gloase, 
Nathan Hemphill, 
Robert Haslet, 

(Captured Jane 8, 1776.) 
John Hendry, Feb. 6, 1776. 

William Henderson, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Discharged April 18, 1776.) 
James Hervey, Jan. 18, 1776. 

(Died Aug. 10, 1776.) 
Camberiand Hamilton, Jan. 28, 1776. 



2, 1776. 
28, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
27,1776. 
26, 1776. 
12, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
do. 
Jan. 81,1776. 
29, 1776. 

8, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
81, 1776. 
22, 1776. 
29, 1776. 



Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 



Neal Harden, Jan. 25,1776. 

(Otptared at Three Rivers, June 8.) 

George Hewett, Feb. 6, 1776. 

Jaoob Jnstioe, Jan. 20, 1776b 

Robert Irvine, Feb. 29,1776. 

John Johnston, Feb. 1, 1776^ 

Christopher Keohler, Jan. 29,1776. 

Francis Kain, Jan. 81, 1776. 

(Died Oct. 24, 1776.) 



John Kelly, Jan. 

William Lowry, Feb. 

Daniel Lavery, Feb. 

David Linsey, Jan. 

James Lynch, Jan. 

John Mad4en, Jan. 

Josiah McCall, Feb. 

John McMichael, Mar. 

James McComb, Feb. 
William Mclntire, Jan. 

John Moore, Feb. 

James Mullan, Feb. 

Thomas McCall, Jan. 

Philip Melon, Mar. 
(Captured July 24, 1776.) 
Alexander McNichdls, Feb. 



James McCoy, 
James McCon, 
David MoClain, 
John McDonal, 
Daniel McClain, 
John McGaw, 
Charles Melons, 
George MoFenton, 
William Nicholson, 
John Ortman, 



Feb. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb, 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Mar. 



18, 1776. 

1, 1776. 
19, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
26, 1776. 
20, 1776. 

8, 1776. 

6, 1776. 

1, 1776. 
81, 1776. 

1,1776. 

8, 1776. 
29, 1776. 

1, 1776. 

8, 1776. 

1, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
18, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
26, 1776. 

8, 1776. 

6, 1776. 
19, 1776. 

1, 1776. 

6, 1776. 



210 



0FVIGBB8 JJXt> P&IVATBS 



John O'Neal, 

Thomas Pratt, Jan. 

(Captured Jane 8, 1776.) 

Thomas Parsons, Feb. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 

Aaron Patterscm, Mar. 

Charles Bosbrongh, Jan. 
John Boabrough, 
Jabez Rogers, 



Jan. 19,1776. 
18, 1776. 



1, 1776. 



6, 1776. 
42, 1776. 
do. 
Feb. 1, 1776. 



(Captured July 84, 1776.) 
Thomas Beed, Jan. 18, 1776. 

Robert Hobeeon, Jan. 27,1776. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Basil Regan, Jan. 18,1776. 

(Killed June 81, 1776.) 
John Storm, Jan. 28, 1776. 



Henry Scott, 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Alex. Stephenson, Feb. 

(Captured June 8, 1776.) 
Nathaniel Stephenson, Jan. 

(Promoted Nov. 10, 1776.) 



BiditUd 
Jan. 81,1776. 



James Smiley, 
William Thompsoo, 
John Tribel, 
Jacob Trash, 
John Van Kirk, 
John Winn, 
John Wright, 
Peter Toung, 



Feb. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Jan. 
Feb. 



12, 1776. 
27, 1776. 

6, 1776. 
19, 1776. 
18, 1776. 

1,1776. 
18, 1776. 

8,1776. 
81, 1776. 

2,1776. 



(Deserted AprU 7, 1776.) 



Company No 6. 
Commissioned January 9, 1779. 



Tak^ priaoBer, 



iwmm A. WiOson, Otptun. 

July 24, 1776. 
JjMrk Buah» FirBt4ieutettaiit. Commiasioned Januaiy 9, 1776. PromoUd in 

GaptaiB Adams* ConqMOiy, Jane 84. 
Samuel MoFerren, Flrst-lieuteiiaiit. Oommhaloned Jvinaiy 9, 177C Ttiam 

prisoner, June 21, 1776. 
William McClelland, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Resigned. 
Robert Wilson, Second-lieutenant Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
Joseph Culbertson, Ensign. Commissioned Jan. 9, 1776. Killed June 81,177C. 
John Bosh, Snsign. Commissioned June 84, 1776. 



Bobert Phillips, 
Bobert Morton, 



Francis Alexander, 
Jonathan Stilling, 



Thomas Neilson, 



Sergeants. 



ChrpordU. 



Drum and Fife, 

I 

Privates, 



John Morrison, 
WUIiam Oibb. 



Dennis Hughes, 
Thomas Caran. 



John McBroy. 



William Alexander, 
James Chambers, 
Christopher Chisar, 
Alexander Cook, 



Anthony Cochran, 
Dennis Dailey, 
William Fletcher, 
John Ferris, 



OF Ttm vafOLfm^vAsr wab. 



Sll 



BogerQoSf 
Alexander Graham, 
Winiam Hanna, 
Bobert Harris, 
Arthur HarMQ, 
Joeeph linkm, 
John Ha&B, 
James M«tUD, 
Henry ICeGhdn, 
Bdbert MeComMfey 
Dayid MeOor* 
Samael MeCidlMgl^ 
PattMeDosaki, 
James EirkpaMek, 
James MoGidre, 
Bamael MeSey, 
James MeKhiley, 
John MeOlm^bfaa, 



John MeFbrely, 
David MQler, 
George Mod:, 
Joseph Moore, 
John ICUer, 
Bobeit Marry, 
Daniel Mnrry, 
John OH efll, 
John Parker, 
Qeoi^e Patri^K, 
Joseph Pfaikerton, 
Charles Btnmg, 
John Thorapsoo, 
BobertTodd, 
Heotor White, 
MichMt Wieknd, 
WiUlam Wiggaos^ 
Joseph Wvea, 
JohnSnrilh. 



COKPANT No. 6. 

Bttfid Grier, Oaptain. Oommissioned Jaduary 9, 1776. Pyomoted M^, 
Jone 1, 1776. 

William Alexander, Captain* Commissioned Jane 1, 1776. 

John MoDowel, First-lieatenant Commissioned January, 9, 1776, 

Abdiel McAllister, Second-lieatenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Cap- 
tared Jane 21, 1776. 

William Niohols, Ensign. Commissioned Jannazy 9, 1776. Promoted to Capt 
Boshes Company, Jane SI, 1776. 

J<^m Hoghes, Ensign. Conmiasionad Jane SI, 1776. 



Andrew Walker, 
John Bnox, 

James Lawson, 
Felix Mollhenny, 
(Captared Jane 8, 1776.) 

James Hamilton, 



William Angoish, 
John Briaiij 



Sergeants. 

I 

Oofporak, 



Bobert JeflHes, 
John Hoyman. 



I David Lathen, 

Ezra Johnson, 
(Captared Jane 8, 1776.) 

Drum arid Fife, 

Mathias Wright, 
(Captared Jane 8, 1776.) 

rVinflfai 

Bobert Bond, 
James Berry, 



213 



OraiOBBS AND PBITATII8 



George Baker, 


John Pearcy, 


George Cooper, 


William Qnigley, 


ComeliuB Corrigan, 


James Robinson, 


John Clemmons, 


Joseph Bussell, 


Adam Conn, 


Patrick Booney, 


Arohibald CampbeU, 


Arohibald Shaw, 


John Doioe, 


James Stevenson, 


Charles Dongherty, 


Peter Swartz, 


David BaviB, 


George Swarti, 


Alexander Eaaoiif 


Philip Shive, 


Bobert Forayth, 


PaHiok Soollion, 


Joseph Gettis, 


Peter Sidle, 


James Herkins, 


Francis Shanley, 


Thomas Hoy, 


Michael Sholta, 


William Johnston, . 


Peter Seigh, 


Bobert Johnston, 


James Shaw, 


James MoMullin, 


Balxer Swank, 


Henry MoEissiok, 


Edward Spenoer, 


John McCall, 


John Snider, 


Lawrence Mealy, 


Jacob Trace, 


WillUm McCoy, 


Edward Welch, 


John McDonald, 


Joseph Wilson, 


Bamnel McGowan, 


Joseph Wead, 


Patrick O'Lean, 




Peter O'Neal, 


Adam Weaverling, 


James Price, 


George Worley, 


Prisoners captured j 


fh>m this Company. 


Captured 


CbgHmr^ 


George Conner, Jane 14, 1776. 


William Mason, June 8,1776 


John Dougherty, June 8, 177«. 


MatUas Wright, do. 


Thomas Delany, do. 


Lawrence Mealy, do. 


Charies Gyfinger, June 21, 1776. 


Dennis Murphy, do. 


Peter Grant, June 8, 1776. 


Jacob Mathews, do. 


Edw. Hickinbottom, June 14, 1776. 


Murtough Bedmond, do. 


Thomas Kelly, June 8, 1776. 


John Taylor, do. 


James Leison, do. 




CoMPAir 


T No. 1. 



Moses McLean, Captain. Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prisoner 

June 21, 1776. 
Bamed Eiohelberger, first-lieutenant. Commissioned January 9, 1776. 
John Edie, Second-lieutenant Commissioned January 9, 1776. Taken prii* 

oner June 8, 1776. 
Edward Stille, Second-lieutenant. Gommifisioned January 9, 1779. 



OF THE REVOLimORABY WAB. 



218 



Jolm Hbftt, Seeond-lieateiumt. CommiMioned Jaanaiy 9, 1776* TAken pris- 
oner June 8, 1776. 
Bobeit H(^eB, Ensign. CommiMrioned jMuuury 9, 1776. 

Johnfinf, 



BobertBataton, 
John Smith, 
James MmSgan, 



Henry TlbbonBy 
John Walker, 
Andrew Miller, 
Hugh Bradley, 

Fstriok Conner, 



(Promoted Oot. 17, 177«.) 

Bobert Alison, 
(Appdnted Oct 17, 1776.) 

CorpordU, 

John MoOee, 
(Appointed Oot. 18, 1776.) 

David Sloane, 
(Appointed Oot. 18, 1776.) 

Drum and F^ 

I BiohardStMk. 



John Adair, 
John Brown, 
Joseph Barclay, 
Geoige Blakely, 
John Blair, 
Wiliiam Coohran, 
William Eavan, 
Bobert Crawford, 
Thomas Chesney, 
James Conn, 
David Canningham, 
Patriok Canningham, 
William Dingley, 
Felix DniReld, 
Thomas Dill, 
John Danlap, 
William Entrioan, 
Alexander Faith, 
Thomas Graynor, 
Matthias Gerard, 
William Hughes, 
John Hargie, 
James Johnston, 
Bobert Alison, 
(Promoted Oct. 17, 1776.) 
Aaron Jayne, 
George Johnston, 
Bamoel Blinkald, 



Pfivatu* 



Patriok King, 
Wm. King, Artificer. 
Joseph Long, 
Patriok Limeriok, 
John MoGee, 

(Promoted Oct. 18, 1776.) 
WiUiam McDonald, 
John McBride, 
Neal MoGonagle, 
Patriok MoGnan, 
Charies Mahon, 
Eneas Murray, 
Owen MoKeeder, 
James Maxwell, 
John McWilliams, 
Jacob McFarland, 
Christian Morgan, 
Dennis O'Hara, 
John Patten, 
John Patterson, 
John Bobinson, 
John Simonton, 
William Semple, 
Peter Sollivan, 
David Sloane, 

(Promoted Oot. 18, 1776.) 
EUShngart. 



314 



omcBBB ian> pbitaxbi 



Ck>MPAirT No. 8. 

JeremiAh Talbott, Captain. Commltrioned January 9, 1V76. 
John MoDonald, Tlrnt liriiitnnirt Oogamissioned Janoary 9, 1776. 
Alexander Brown, Seooud-4ieateBan(. CommiBaioned Janoarj 9, 177C. 
WiUittn 6ra]um« Eailgtt. Commissioned January tt, 1774. 





Serjeants, 




John MoColIam, 


1 ■ 


James Cuppels, 


John Wilson, 


Samnel MitchdL 




0afyx>ral8. 




William Campbell, 




John Chain, 


Bohert Hnnter, 


Drum and JP^. 


John Benistoti. 


John MAlton, 


1 
PrmUes. 


JohnEHlin. 


Robert Asten, 






Charies MeKown, 


John Bradley, 






Archibald McDonald, 


William Blaok, 






Thomas Mitchell, 


John Chnroh, 






Charles Murray, 


George Coghren, 






Patrick Murray, 


Francis Clark, 






Matthew MoConneU, 


Bobert CamaliAB, 






Thomaa MoCreaiy, 


Charles Connor, 






lAwrence McCreary, 


John Campbell, 






Abel Morgan, 


Joseph ChambeiB, 






Charles McMullin, 


John Dinning, 






Archibald Nickel, 


William Bvans, 






Andrew Pinkerton, 


John Faolkner, 






Samuel Poww, 


HoghFairess, 






John Pollock, 


James Gardner, 






James Quarre, 


Dayid Gibson, 






William Shaw, 


William Heaslet) 






Mike Sesalo, 








John Shoemaker, 


Duke HandloB, 






James Sloan, 


JohnHiggins, 






John Totton, 


Kern Kelly, 






John Thompson, 


Stephen Lyon, 






Hugh Thompson, 


Jacob Lewis, 






WUUam White, 


Hugh LiUy, 


% 




John White, 


James MoFarlao, 






John Welch, 


John Marten, 






Bobert Watson, 


Bobert Mellon, 






Isaac WUey. 











OF fD BmV^fJBTItmAMY WAB. 



815 



Fbld and Stafv ov Cou Wiluam Ibyins's PnmrLYANiA Bbgi- 

MXirr, AS IT STOOD JULT 81^ 1777. 



WOliam Inrine, Colonel. 

David Oner, Lieutenant-ooloneL 

Samuel Hay, Migor. 

John Boee, SuigeoD. 

^beit BKott, Adjutant 



Jeremiah Talbott, 
WDIiam Alexander, 
Wnnam Bratton, 
John MoDoweU, 



John Knight, Paymaster. 
John Morrison, Sergeant-mi^or. 
William MoGriggar, Qoartermaater'a 

Seigeant. 
John Melton, Dnun-mi^or. 



John Alenmder, 
Alexander Parker, 
Bobert Willson, 
Samuel Montgomaiy. 



Capt. Bobkbv Willbon'b Gompaht, Ck>L. laynra^s Bmonam^ as 

IT STOOD NOTIMBKB SO, 1777. 



Bobert WiUson, Gaptein. 
John Bosh, lieatenant 
James Williamson, do. 
John O'Neal, Seigeant. 
James Eilpatriok, do. 

John Mann, 
Alex. Porter, 
John Parker, 
William Milm, 
John MoSorelj, 
Patrick Bla<^ 
Edward MoEillan, 
Daniel Mnrraj, 
James ChambMS, Ut, 



Primaie$. 



WflHam MoOrigger, Sergeant 
John Dagan, Drummer. 
Josiah GUbreath, Corporal. 
John Qibney, do. 

William MoMallan, do. 

Bi<diard Oomminsy 
Heotor White, 
Joseph Benn, 
John Collins, 
WilUam Wiggans, 
James Moore, 
James Chambers, 8d, 
Daniel Sullivan, 
John MoLaaghlin. 



Capt. Wiluam Brattok*8 Gokpaht, as rr stood Nov. 30, 1777. 



William Brattoo, Captain. 
Thomas MoCoy, Lieutenant 
William Armstrong, Ensign. 
Timothy O'Neal, Sergeant 

Francis Heniy, 
' Patrick Shookej, 
John Print, 



Privatei. 



Amos Chapman, Sergeant 
ThoDMS Oillis, do. 

Edward Steen, Dmmmer. 
John Wann, Fifer. 

Peter Martin, 
Peter Loyd, 
David HaU, 



216 



O0VIOEB8 AUD FUVAIBB 



Petor Booney, 
James Hliott, 
Junes SimontOD, 
Edward Edgarton, 
John Beatty, 
Daniel Dannivan, 



Patt. McDonald, 
John Hyan, 
John ICcKean, 
FergnaLee, 
John Taylor, 
GUbert MoCay. 



Capt. Samuel Montgomebt's Company, as rr stood Nov. 80, 1777. 



Samael Montgomery, Captain. 
Samuel Bryaon, lieutenant. 
John MoGee, Ensign. 
William Roberts, Seigeant. 
Josias WOson, do 



Frivate$. 



Darby Brannon, 
James Maloy, 
William McCoy, 
Rudy McCoy, 
Garret Wagoner, 
Samuel MoClane, 
Thomas Means, 
Charles Dongan, 
Thomas Johnston, 
Thomas Payne, 
Edward Davison, 
James Graham, 
Robert Allioe, 
WilliAm Molntire, 
Thomas Dyke, 
John Mellon, 
Andrew Grifly, 



James Maxwell, Sergeant. 
Robert Todd, do. 

Charies Riley, CorporaL 
Daniel Cogdail, Drummer. 
Christian Crow, Pifisr. 

Philip Brown, 
John Allen, 
Francis Curty, 
William McDonald, 
Charies McConnell, 
William Brinnagan, 
Edward MoMuUan, 
John Heathrington, 
James MoGuire, 
Joseph Chambers, 
Daniel McGarrigan, 
Lawrence Kerry, 
John Cavanagh, 
John Flinn, 
Samuel Peny, . 
William Roberta. 



Capt. Jeremiah Talbott'b Company, as it stood Nov. 80, 1777. 



Jeremiah Talbott, Captain. 
Andrew Irvine, Lieutenant. 
Joseph Torrance, do. 
John McCoIlam, Ensign. 
William Gibb, Sergeant. 

Jacob Weaver, 
Francis 0*Hara, 
Charies Conner, 
William Foster, 



Privatei. 



Robert Hunter, Sergeant. 
Thomas Whiteley, do. 
Hugh Thompson, do. 
John Smith, CorporaL 



Patt. Murray, 
Felix O'Neal, 
Charies Kelly, 
James Rswls, 



OF THB ESVOLimONAEY WAB. 



217 



Daniel MoCaitj, 
Joseph West, 
Hngh Casady, 
John McKinley, 
Michael Pitxler, 
Patt Boyle, 



Oapt. Albzandsb Parker's Oompaht, 

Alexander Parker, Captain. 
William Lnak, IaeQt«nant. 
John Blair, do. 

. John Hughes, Ensign. 
John Benniston, Seigeant. 
George Hewett, do. 

Privatei. 
John MoMiohael, 
Ctimherland Hamilton, 
Henry Gawin, 
John Carney, 
JohnDogan, 
William Intrican, 
Hugh Call, 
John Winn, 
Michael Shields, 
Peter Sheokel, 
Andrew Craley, 
William Carman, 
Thomas McCIain, 



Qeorge Coghran, 
James Lee, 
John Johnson, 
Andrew MoGrahy, 
Edward Hart, 
John Corray. 

A8 IT STOOD Nov. 80, 1111. 

James MoConn, CorporaL 
Michael Madden, do. 
George McPherson, do. 
Edward McGinnis, Drummer. 
William Price, Fifer. 



James Davidson, 
Bobert George, 
Bartholomew MoGnire, 
Joseph Cenney, 
Jacob Cloose, 
John Hoar, 
John Wright, 
John Johnston, 
Anthony Spinkhoos^ 
Bobert Elliott, 
Thomas Hunt, 
John Tribble, 
William Nicholson. 



Capt. John McDowell's Compant, as it stood Nov. 1, 1777. 



John McDowell, Captahi. 
William Miller, Lieutenant. 
Bobert McPherson, do. 
James Milligan, Ensign. 
Bogeir Gaff, 8eigeauU 

John Connolly, 
James Quin, 
Mariy SolliTan, 
James Welch, 
William Bradshaw, 
John Fanning, 
John McCaUoh, 
Edward Welch, 



Adam Linn, Sergeant, 
Thomas Gainer, do. 
William Manly, CorporaL 
Paul Conner, Drummer. 



Privatei. 



Pitt McEeehan, 
l^omas Chesney, 
PaU Keing, 
Dennis Murphy, 
Bartholomew MuUoy, 
Philip Duffleld, 
Edward Atchison, 
Henry Garman, 



10 



ai8 



OWnOfSS AHD PJBIVATEB 



Wmiam OunpbeD, 
Alex. McDuiiel, 
Daniel Connor, 
BMnnel Qilmora, 
HichAel Lenomgan, 



John Walofay 
Gooige Bbcklej, 
Neal MoOonnagle, 
James J<din8ton, 
MomonSilaa. 



Caft. Johk Albzakdsr'b Ck>iiPijrT, as it stood Kot. 1, 1777. 



John Alexander, Captain. 
Bobert Peebles, lieutenant. 
William Wilson, Ensign. 
WyCam MoCormie, Sefgeant. 

WiUiam Bnioe, 
John Benson, 
WiUiam ManliaU, 
John Smith, 
Philip Bojle, 
Alexander Beid, 
John Alexandei^ 
Andrew Pinkertoo, 
George Patrick, 
Thomas Johnston, 
John Collins, 
Bobert Craighead^ 



Privates. 



John Nicholson, Seigeant. 
Joshoa Cochran, CcMporaL 
Matthew MeOonneH, do. 
Bobert Origg^ da 

John Todd, 
Patrick McCoe, 
Jc^Ford, 
James Bonine, 
JohnHv>f 
Kiehael Hoga&y 
John Qnan, 
Henry Corman^ 
James Hamil, 
Thomas Pe^^ 
Beams Kelljr. 



Capt. Wm. Albxaitdsr^s Compakt, as It stood Nov. 1, 1777. 

KaUhew Waj, Seigeant. 
William €hay, do. 
George Brown, OorporaL 
Joseph Bawlings, do. 
James HanultoB, do. 
Joseph Templeton, do. 



William Alexander, Captain. 
Samuel Kennedy, Ist-iieutenant. 
Alexander Bussell, 2d do. 
Bobert Mo Wheeling, Ensign. 
John Smith, Sergeant. 
Joseph Wade, d^ 



PrivaUa. 



James Berry, 
John Bnuns> 
Adam Conn, 
John McCall, 
Patt Booney, 
Cornelius Conigan, 
Wifliam Wilkiso% 
Henry Frett, 
John Clemonds, 
David Davis, 
James Harkins, 
Jamea Donovan, 



Oeorge Worley, 
John MeGinnIs, 
William Courtney, 
Patt McCormick, 
Timothy Murphy, 
William Guthrie, 
Patt MoGonaghy, 
William Anguish, 
James Price, 
Biohard Henley, 
Thomas McConn. 



OV THX BKFOLDTKMffABY WAB. 



tt9 



Names, Rank, Batw of Oommissiohs, aitd Tim« o» Knjgnmn 

OW THE OfFIOXRS AND PwVATES OF CoL. ArMAND^S LeoION. 

Chariea Armand (Hwqnis de U Bonarie), OoImmI. CommiiiSoMd MnjlO, ITTT. 

GooBt de Ottendorff, Hi^. 

Jost DrMBbaok, Capteia. OoiBinissiimed Mirau7 1% 1777. 

Anthony Salin, do, do. BMMiber 1#, 1776. 

BNor, do. Jo. do. 

Lteotoiaal De Howelmaa, Qowtennaster. Coaunksioned Deo. », me. 
John PmI Sohott, Gapleiii. GoamiMioiied DeeemlMr 9, 1776. 

OOMPANT No. 1. 

JortDrieBbMk,C^>lain. OommiMioaed Maiek 8, 1777. 
Conrad Letor, Fint-Ueatenant. OoMmiaaioned March 8, 1777. 
Jaoob Glaeton, Lieutenant OomraiaBioiied Maroh 8, 1777. 
Heniy Beata, Sergeant. Commiaaioned Maroh 1, 1777. 
Daniel Woible, Seigeant. €k>inmiaBioned Febmaiy 16, 1777. 



Privates, 



Jaoob Amer, 
John Beity, 



Peter Gmber, 
Jacob Long, 
Jacob Beaa, 
Henry Eedc, 
Adam Brandheiw, 
Oliver Moiea, 
Christian Shiti, 
Jaoob Miller, 
Jaoob Fray, 



mauMi 

Feb. 21, 1777. 

do. 

do. 
Feb. 94,1777. 
Feb. S6,1777. 
Feb. «6,1777. 

do. 

do. 
Mar. 1,1777. 
Mar. 2, 1777. 
Mar. 8,1777. 
Mar. 16,1777. 



John Beaty, 
Daniel Shits, 
John Eeiaty, 
Jolm Koehler, 
John Wint, 
John mnkings, 
Oeotge Keam, 
Daniel Koad, 
Martin Breohel, 
John Amer, 
Bberhardt Hahl, 



Mar. 16,1777. 
Mar. 81,1777. 
April 1,1777. 
April 8,1777. 

do. 

do. 
April 6,1777. 
April 10, 1777. 
April SO, 1777. 

do. 
April 29, 1777. 



Count De Ottekdorff'b Compant. 



Johannea Mitohel, 
HanaOeorg Klein, 
Andreaa Stumbait, 
Christian Caaaenr, 
Bobert Stoart, 
Joseph Oatbridge, 
Jacob Hess, 
Johann G. Nennrich, 
Johannea fioflfaian, 



April 20, 1777. 
April 21, 1777. 
April 6, 1777. 
April 7,1777. 
April 2i, 1777. 
April 26, 1777. 

do. 
April 26, 1777. 
April 27, 1777. 



George Ste^Mr, 
Philip Weber, 
Henreioh Shafllv, 
Henry Beats, 
Jaoob Omer, 
Peter Gmver, 
Henrioh Donioh, 
Geo. Langhramer, 
Chariea Geiainger, 



April 27, 1777. 
April 28, 1777. 
Mar. 1, 1777. 

do. 
Feb. 21,1777. 
Feb. 24,1777. 

do. 
Jan. 28,1777. 
Jan. 18,1777. 



S20 



OFflOBBB AND FBIYATES 



MatthiM Qflnlaell, 
John Blum, 
Valentine Kejrser, 
Oeoige MarokB, 
Jeams Reiohway, 
John Philipa, 
John Booh, 
Samuel Morden, 
John Darrel, 
George Bex, 
Christopher Bagal, 
WUliam ToUver, 
Isaac Haal, 
John Walter, 
John Green, 
James DreiskoU, 
Andreas Bengell, 
Michael Bwry. 
John Bengell, 
George Fill, 



Mar. 1,1777. 
Jan. 14,1777. 
Jan. 17,1777. 
Jan. S4, 1777. 
Jan. 6, 1777. 
Jan. 17,1777. 
Jan. 86,1777. 
Jan. 27,1777. 

do. 
Jan. 80,1777. 

do. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Feb. 8, 1777. 
Jan. 88, 1777. 
Feb. 8, 1777. 
Feb. 10,1777. 

do. 

do. 
Feb. «0,1777. 
Feb. 22,1777. 



John Thomson, Feb. 

John Schuh, Jan. 

Henreioh Bartholome, Mar. 



^ John Hawkins, 
John Trow, 
Philip Grimm, 
Wilhelm Dom, 
^enrich Donich, 
Arnold Loos, 
Jacob Kern, 
Bdmond Lynch, 
John Moigin, 
James Sorfil, 
Jacob Femgold, 
Christian Fels, 
Pierre Triest, 
James Bracks, 
John Gebinger, 
Alexander Black, 
Adolph Grieslins, 



Jan. 
Mar. 
Mar. 
Mar. 
Deo. 
Dec. 
Dec 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 

Feb. 

Mar. 
Feb. 
Mar. 



17, 1777. 
20, 1777. 
1,1777. 
10, 1777. 
28,1777. 
11, 1777. 
22, 1777. 
10, 1776. 
21, 177«. 

88. 1776. 
10, 1777- 

19. 1777. 
28,1777. 

8,1777. 
do. 

7,1777. 
do. 
16, 1777. 

2,1777. 

1,1777. 



GoMPANT No. 2. 



Anthony Selins, Captdn. 
Lawrence Myers, Lieatenant. 
Christian Froeliok, do. 
Arnold Loose, Volanteer. 
Philip Stmbine, -do. 

Henridi De Gevricoort, do. 
Henrich Luders, Seigeant. 



Privates. 



Henrich Donig, 
Jeams Bigeway, 
John Philips, 
John Boge, 
Samnel Morden, 
Mathias Gengill, 
JohnDarrell, 
Michael Berry, 
William Dam, 
John Bengell, 



Henrich BaitolomiA, BargmaL 
John Blam, do. 

Valentine Keiser, do. 
George Marks, Corporal. 
John Walter, do. 
John Scha, Dnimmer. 
John Tomson, YHsr, 

George Bex, 
Isaac Haal, 
John Green, 
Thomas Driswall, 
Andrew Bengell, 
Daniel Klein, 
John Trow, 
George Deal, 
John Bberts, 
William Marks. 



CoMPAKT No. 8. 



John Paal Schott, Captain. 
Christian Mancke, lieatenant. 



George Schaflher, laeatenant. 
Fredrioh Liebe, Sergeant. 



or THB BSTOLUTHnrAST WAB. 



981 



George Dean, Seigeani. 
Geoige Langeamer, do. 
Fkvderioh Bargman, CorporaL 



Tni OromwaU, 
George Eearing, 
Peter Corbadc, 
Heniy Mineka, 
Tobias Bitter, 
Andony Leopard, 
John Haal, 



Privates, 



David Breokle, Corporal. 

John Gedeke, do. 

John Woodbridge, Dnunmer. 



Jacob PhaltMT, 
Jacob Beiner, 
John Pleech, 
Johnaon Benrell, 
Charles Weela, 
Gabriel Vilein, 
Nadaniel Johna. 



COMPAFT No. 4. 



Jacob Bauer, Captain* 
Baron De Wehtrita, lieot. 
John Bharp, do. 

Jacob Tonng, Sergeant. 



Olirer Molea, 
GcMgeSrig, 
John Sheperd, 
Godfrey Niemerioh, 
Jonathan Lynch, 
William Boak, 
John Geisel, 
John Pattia, 
Jacob Shaver, 



George Bambaig, Sergeant. 
John Manneraon, CorporaL 
Andrew Homberg, do. 
Ajfdrtw Banaier, Drummer. 



PfivaUa. 



John MitoheU, 
George Klein, 
Chaiiea Feidler, 
Andrew Beboaig, 
Peter Gmber, 
John Walsch, 
Charlea Butner, 
AdamSypert, 
Jacob Femoom. 



NaMXS AFD lUra 07 THE OfFIOXBB AND PHlYATIS 07 THB ThIRD 
VaOANT Ck>liPAKT or THX GsRMAN RbODOIVT 07 PnmSTLYANIA, 
COMMANDED BT OoL. LsWIS WbLTNSR, AS IT STOOD AT VALLKir 

FoRGs, IK March, 1778. 



Philip Graybell, Captun. Besigned 

March 12, 1778. 
William lUoe, First-lieutenant. 
Martin Sogart, Second-lieatenant 
William Bomelaon, Sergeant 



Frederick SoUars, Sergeant. 
George Stonffer, do. 

Joseph Hook, Corporal. 
Jacob Btter, do. 



2t8 



OffllCBBS AHD FBIVATBI 


Privates. 


Ferdinand Lonntai, 




Michael Crowley, 


Abraham Frants, 


Anthony Miller, 


George lighhiaer, 


John Schlife, 


David Mumma, 


JohnBiMil, 


Jamea Oapla, 


Michael KMiluiflr, 


Peter Bakar, 


John Harkj, 


Jacob MeOy, 


Fred. Wm. HftUir^ 


John 8«iif7oek, 


Jacob Myera, 


William Craft, 


John SohaffM*, 


Joseph Stiiber, 


Philip Shaoti, 


Paul Ealing, 


Wolgong Ebsbexger, 


George Cretho, 


Wendle Lanrenti, 


Pavid Finok, 


Henry Smith, 


John Smith, 




Heniy BtimiUt, 


BiidolphGrow«i^ 


MiahaelHoHng. 



Lewis Nicola, Colonel. 



Names akd Bamk of tbr Intaud Beoimbnt of PnmsTLYAinA, 
commanded bt oolombl lswis nioola, as it was di80habged, 
April, 1783. 

Talmadge Hall, lient. and PflTmaster. 
Samuel Gibbs, lientenant. 
Bobert Harnett, do. 

William Maynard, do. 
Philip Leibert, Captain. 
John D. Woelper, do. 
William Williams, do. 
Leonard Cooper, do. 
£31 Sterors, Sergeant-migor. 
David Hillyer, Qt. Mast's Sergeant 
Bobert Hunter, Drom-mijor. 



Captain, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Thomas Arnold, 

Moees MoFarland, 

John MoGowan, 

John Biely, 

Ebenezer Hills, 

William MoHatton, Capt Lieut 

Jonathan Pagh, Lieut and Adjutant 

Osgood Carleton, Lieut and Qt Mast 

Matthew Maus, Surgeon. 

Christopher Taylor, Surgeon's Mate. 



Privates and others. 



George Ceely, 
Andrew Dnnlap, 
John Sullivan, 
Andrew Deal, 
William Wear, 
James Hunter, 



Sergeant 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
CorporaL 



Stephen Chapman, do. 



Willard liaroe^ Corpond. 
Ichabod Coe, lifer. 
Thomas Abbott, 
Michael Bazel, 
Anthony Benfbrd, 
Luke Brady, 
Jeremiah Belcher, 



or THB Kerozrrtto»$aet wab. 



Ml 



iBnokett, 

Bobert Clark, 

John Campbell, 

Benjamin Cheshire, 

Alexander Dlckej, 

Donoan Fracer, 

Peter Fltzpatrick, 

Enoa Frankinson, 

Cato Fk^eman, 

Cash Finney, 

Robert Freemoolti 

JameaFoet^ 

John Grovea, 

Joaeph Harrop, 

JohnHflffte, 

Jonathan Hubsrd, 

Matthew Kelly, 

George Krottle, 

Peter Liddington, 

Henry LawBon, 

Bobert Lynn, 

John Leigher, 

Boger MoCnIloagilf 

Paid McTaH, 

John MoGangbey, 

William MeAIUatec, 

John MeConneH, 

John McEewing, 

Bazley Moifett, 

William Pinnard, 

William Byaa, 

John Bowlaad, 

BartleU Bobinaon, 

John Bobina, 

Lawrence Smidi, 

John Smith, 
) Nathan Stiles, 
^ Samael Thompeon, 

Edward Tobin, 

Peter Tbompaon, 

Edward Welch, 

Joseph Welch. 

Timothy Conner, Corporal. 

William Barkhill, Sergeant. 

Edward Franklin, do. 

Jonah Malting, Corporal. 



John Bally, Brammer. 
Bobert Baker, 
Jamee Barklor, 
Peter CoHins, 
John Di«mond, 
Joehna Gray, 
George Hansen, 
JohaHaekett, 
AsaHj^ra, 
Stephen Luddleton, 
John Murray, 
Mark Martin, 
Eliaha Mvnsell, 
John Owens, 
James Serdon, 
AsaSeyKKNtr. 
John Mnndln, Beigeant. 
Thomas Gerald, do. 
John Price, do. 

John Bristol, do. 

John Keating, Oerpond. 
John Mandin, Drammec 
Peter Mandin, do. 
Frederick Boardman, FUbr. 
Joel Been, 
William TomHnaen, 
MJehaeil Berry, 
Jadah BiOs, 
Nicholas Bartmm, 
Daniel BragdeM, 
JobaCorbett, 
Barnabas Dougherty, 
John Delagudn, 
Joseph Freeman, 
William Feagan, 
John Freelove, 
. Samael Hodgins, 
Sonthwick Hubbard, 
William Johnston, 
Martin Jordan, 
James Lipscomb, 
David Lincoln, 
Lawrence Morfee, 
James McCarapher, 
John McDonald, 
Peter McCoy, 



iS4 



OmCBEBS ASD FBtV ATMS 



PAtriok Marr, 

Bafos Newport, 

James Nicholas, 

John O'Neal, 

John Nutting^ 

Asa Porter, 

Samael Pike, 

William Pntrin, 

Francis Pollard, 

Philip Biohardson, 

James Rankin» 

Zabil Stone, 

JaxMs Taylor, 

Ebenezer Waterman, 

Caleb Woods, 

Mai^garet Ck>rbin, 

Peter WiUard. 

Gideon Noble, CorporaL 

William Kider, 

Moses Boardman, 

Edward Bates^ 

John Neal, 

Elijah Davis, 

Biohard Habbard, 

Thomas Langman, 

John Danuovan, 

Joseph Cbleney, 

John Cappj, 

Samael Davis, 
Isaac Ebbert, 
John Holden, 
Thomas Langman, 
Andrew McGuire, 
Elisha Molton, 
Samoel Pith, 
John Spencer, 
John Demmon. 
John Needham, Sergeant. 
Joseph Gongon, 
Samael Potter, Sergeant. 
John Heath, Corporal 
Samuel Whitney, do. 
James Eiley, Fifer. 
Ben Abro, 
Amos Barnes, 



John Beardsworth, 
Benjamin Bachelor, 
John Cannon, 
Gerahom Corwin, 
Michael Cambler, 
Timothy Chellae, 
Edward Crowell, 
John Davidson, 
Barnabas Davidson, 
James Fnller, 
Thomas Goldthraite, 
Thomas Glawson, 
Samael Hadlook, 
Bazaleel Hamlin, 
Bichard Hazard, 
Tower Hill, 
John Hatching, 
Baftis Harrington, 
Thomas King, 
John Enowlton, 
Isaac Lovejoy, 
William Measer, 
Seth Moore, 
William Morgan, 
William Osbam, 
William Pitts, 
Bobert Patterson, 
Lloyd Powell, 
John Perkins, 
Sieby Bichmond, 
John Bioh, 
John Taylor, 
Joseph Stacey, 
Oliver Simmons, 
John Spry, 
William Watroas, 
Joseph Waterman, 
Nicholas WeaseL 
Hiber Smith, Sergeants 
Jeremiah Howe, do. 
William Coombs, do. 
Gerard Craig, Corporal. 
Peter Alexander, 
Moses Bams, 
Peter Babb, 
Josiah Braman,'^ 



OF 



GLUnOVABT WAR. 



sas 



Danial Bvnett, 
WiUiAm Cambelly 
Joese Dftnforth, 
Kiobmel Drake, 
Timothy Howtfd, 
Samuel PotUge, 
Bobert Rifthardaon, 
Seth Warren, 
James Wraland, 
Thomas Niehols. 
Caleb Orontt, Beigeant 
Jeremiah Lord, dow 
James Nevioe, OovpciaL 
Baoiel MoDongall, do. 
Charies Peridns, do. 
Joseph Wheeler, do. 
John dough, do. 

Samael Sumner, Brammer. 
Mohael Greene, Fi^. 
Thomas Andrews, 
Oideon Allen, 
Joseph Bryington, 
John Brown, 
Thomas Class, 
EUsfaa Cole, 
John Cross, 
EnoohCnrtis, 
Stephen CalliiBE; 
John A. Dager, 
Zebuion Fuller, 
Elias Greenleaf, 
Ephraim Ooodenoogh, 
Clark Gibbs, 
Moses George, 
RiohardHill, 
Bamnel Holmes, 
William HaHcock, 



Bamnel Hunt, 

CasarHall, 

Matthew JamSsoD, 

£pes Jewett, 

EcraEing, 

Charies KUig, 

Thomas Loyebodi 

John Xiudaman. 

nyah Nutting, 

BusseQ OUyer^ 

Biohard Patten, 

Samuel Famr, 

Jonathan Goldthaits, 

John MoOoj, 

Christian PoweiB, 

Edward Powen, 

Thomas Beynolds, 

Owen Beeek, 

Bobert Smith, 

S^jahTaytor, 

Beigamin Ward, 

William Welsh, 

Csto Wayman. 

Elgah Bliss, Sergeant. 

Timothy Culvsr, dow 

Jonathan Andrews, OorponU* 

Joseph Bond, 

Jotham Wood, 

Henry MoNeal, 

John Brannon, 

Josiah Braokett, 

Phinehas C<dlar, 

Thomas Dakin, 

James Fuller, 

Stephen Ludlow, 

James PhilUps, 

Landon Sawyer, 



Names of Offiosrs of thb Pbnkstlvania Line xngaoxd ik the 
Rbcruitino Sbryiok, ths Nambs of the Regiments beobuitxd, 
AND THE Amount paid for Rboruitino. 

Nioholaa Housaker, Colonel German Begiment iB886 

Col. William Cook, 12th Pa. Begiment, reoruiting in 1776 S68I 

io» ■ 



omoKBs Asa> nswAtn 



Ii«at Colonel Qtorg9 Kagle, reoraitiDg €k»l. Irvine's Regiment in 1T79 .... 1000 

Opt Metthew Hendenon, do. seme Regiment in ITTI 76 

CoL Jos. Wood A Oept Hellingft, do. his Regiment in 1776 187 

Capt John Dsvis, do. do. do «. . 76 

CoL Thomas Hartley, do. 7th Regiment, doi. 1185 

Cd. Francis Johnston, do. 4th Regiment, do 875 

lieat. Amos WaUnaoB, do. OoL de Haas* ReginMBl In 17T6 ... fiOO 

Dent. Samuel Talbefft, do. do. do. ... 187 

lieat William M ft OW > do. do. do. ... 76 

CoL Eneas MoCoy, do. 8th i'a. Regiment, do. ... 80OO 

Capt Stephen B^rard, do. 8d Pa. RegtoMofe, do. ... 876 

Capt Robert ConiMily, do. 4th Pa. RegioMBt, do. ... lift 

Capt Stephen Bi^ywd, do. CoL Woed^ Regiment, do. ... 876 

Lieut Colonel Geoige 199^ do. CoL Irvine's RegiMsnt, do. ... 187 

lieat Thomas Bovda, do. CoL Wayne^ Regiment, do. ... 112 

Capt Robert CoBDoHy, do. CoL Gadw8ilader>s Begt, do. ... 586 

Col. William Cook, do. his own Regiment, do. ... 750 

Lieut Thomas B. BoirtB, do. servioe la 1777... 875 

Capt William Gray, do. CoL CadwaUadei^ Bagl, do. *.. 887 

Migor Francis Nioheb^ 'do. 1st Regiment, do. ... 75 

Capt James Parr, do. do. do*. •.« 75 

Lieut Colonel Hemy Beokir, do. 6tib Pa. Regiment, do. •«« 750 

Capt Benjamin Bird, do. CoL CadwaUader's Regl, do. ... S75 

Col. Samoel Cadwallader, do. his own Recent, do. ... 1500 

Capt Jeremiah TUbott, do. 7tii Pa. Regiment, do. ... 98 

Ci^ Francis Niehola, do. 9th Pa. Regiment, do. ... 187 

Mijor Persifor Fraier, do. 4th Pa. Regiment, do. ... 875 

Mi^or Samuel Beneiett, do. 6tli Pa. Regiment, do. ...1500 

Capt Caleb North, do. 4th Pa. Regiment, do. ... 875 

Capt John Pugh, do. fid Pa. Regiment, do. ... 558 

Capt Alex. Ramsey, do. his Independent Co., do. ... 112 

lieut Colonel Oavfid Grior, do. 7th Pa. Regiment, do. ...4500 

Lieut Colonel William Bnder, do. 4t^ Pa. Regiment, do. ...1500 

Mijor Meriam Lamar, do. do. dot •*• 987 

CoL Adam Hubley, do. 10th Pa. Regiment, do. ..» 987 

Capt James Lang, do. service, do. ... 875 

Capt William Oldham, do. 5th Pa. Regiment^ dew ... 875 

CoL Jamee Chambers, do. 1st Pa. Regiment, do. ... 1600 

Capt Michael Hoofhagle, do. Sth Pa. Regiment, do. ... 112 

CoL Thomas Craig, do. 8d Pa. Regiment, do. ... 281 

Lieut Archibald Campbell, do. 8th Pa. Regiment, do. ... 800 

Ci4pt John Riley^ do» service, do. ... 150 

Capt Jacob Humphreys, do. 6th Pa. Regiment, do. ... 187 

Migor Samuel Benezett, do. do. do. . . . 187 

Capt Samuel Williams, do. 18th Pa. Regiment, do. • . . 18 

Capt John Harris, do. 18th Pa. Regiment, do. ... 888 



OF TttS WBfKXLmxmAMT ITAB. liT 

]l4»rDeOtteBdorfl; forhispayasAdljatantinlTre 0!§ 

Lieut. B. Neilly, for recniiting service in 1779 $300 

Cspt. Van Bwearingen, do. do. S200 

Capk Samuel DawMHi, do. do 1760 

Paid by Colonel Daniel Srodhead* 

Jeeeph Skdton, his pay as Assist. Qnd. P«roh«ses in 1779 880 

Caleb Calvin, his pay as Indian Interpreter do 74 

John Montour, do. do. do 118 

Williani Cooper, Cnsign, fbr reomitinf, do. .r.. 8040 

Wittiam Brady, his pay as Indian Intc^reter, do 1100 

Chariaa Bradford, htofayiw IwlBftirH^.IIg., dc. 1100 



NiLMBB AND BANK OV THE OtFIOBBS AND PRITATSB OF OAPTAnr 

John 0. Joniuf Company of ths 7th Maryland Reoimsnt, oom 

MANDXD BT OOL. JoHN OuNBTf AS IT STOOD JuNE 1, 1778. 

Aichard BryBBf Corpond. 
^ James Johnson, do. 



John C. Jones, Capt»i». 
^KTm. Lamar, Fint-lienlenaat. 
Wm. Adams, 8eeoA4 4*. 
Ctoofge Ford, Sergeant 



Benjamin Fitsgefnld, 
Charles Barasey^ 
Joseph Hart, 
James MoGu^ 
Alexander Boss, 
Benjamin Anniiy 
Biohard Dixon, 
John Jeana, 



Biohard HarriaoD, Flte 



Privatei. 



Willi«n Farkar, 
Ignatius Wlieelar, 
^William Lova, 
Walter Maddos, 
William Barretti 
Samuel Furaell, 
Thomas Wright, 
Joaap^Slnoh. 



Names, Raiik, and Dates of Commissions of yhb Ofvioers of 
Oapt. Wiluam Brown's Maryland Artillery, with a List 
OF the Privates, as it stood from Nov. 22, 1777, to Feb. 
6, 1778. 

William Brown, Captain. Commissioned November 82, 1777. 
James Smith, Captain-lieiitenant Commissioned November 98, 1777. 
James McFadden, First-lieQtenant Cooumssioned November 88, 1777. 
Plement Skerritt, Seoond-lieutenant Commissioned February 6, 1778. Ap- 
pointed (^oartern^ler Depeml^r 9, 1779* 



ass 



OmOKBB ASD FBI7ATB8 



If(m-^ammi$8umed Officers who joined the Company JVop. 22, 1777. 

Sergeants/or Three Tears. 
ThomM CoUina, i Henry Sladc, 

John Btoples, I Thomas Barber, 

James Adama, I Patrick Concnn, 

Corporals/or Three Tears. 
Thomas Carpenter, l William Boeboek, 

Charles Sutton, I Hans Adams, 

Charles Steward, I William Beady. 

Drvm ani Fife for Tkm Tears. 
James Brooks, | John Carroll. 

Bomhardiersfor Three Tears. 
Arthur Cames, i George Baker, 

Thomas Fanning, I Ttoier Spenoer, 

John SadoUff, I Matthew Adams. 

Gunners for Three Tears, 
Michael Hawke, i Thomas Condrall, 

William Jones, I James Simmons, 

William Bright, I Michael O'Bryan. 

Matrossesfor Three Tears. 



John Evans, 
Thomas Smith, 
Darby Spelcy, 
William Hiokinson, 
Philip O^Brian, 
Miohael Hughes, 
James Moril, 
John Fearall, 
Bobert Campbell, 
Frands Popham, 
John Dixon, 
Jonathan GUI, 
JohnBrigham, 
Joeeph Poagne, 
Daniel Havey, 
Peter Lawrence, 
Patrick Conrsey, 
Henry Higgs, 
Benjamin Patmore, 
John Vaaghn, 
Jerrard 'Kppelt, 
Mays Neville, 



John Burke, 
John Connelly, 
James Carwin, 
John Bhodes, 
Joseph Deale, 
John Slack, 
John Sannders, 
Francis Johnson, 
IgnaUas Butler (negroX 
William Johnson, 
Beuben Scott, 
James Welch, 
Ignatius GriiBn, 
James Cde, 
Charles Dowde, 
James Whaling, 
Thomas Carter, 
James Boyston, 
James Compton, 
Hugh Champlain, 
David Young, 
Timothy Connolly, 



OF THB BBTOLDTtOHAST WAB. 



sm 



John Beynolds, 
Isaac Barton, 
William Dyer, 
John Walker, 
Charles Grooine, 
William Connolly, 
Bobert Smith, 
Marie Goldaboroogfa, 
John Fitzgerald, sen., 
John Fitigerald, Jnn., 
Charles Mnnt, 
JameaFordy 
William DaviSy 



Jbhn Lynch, 
Thomas Wilson, 
John Folks, 
John Head, 
Joshua Lovely, 
James Taylor, 
Edward Jefferson, 
Daniel Fraiitr, 
James Clark, 
John Trancr, 
Dennis Minor, 
Bichard Page, 
(Deserted Jan. i, 1778.) 



Gapt. WnuAM Browv'b Gompant of Martlakd Abtillert, A8 

IT STOOD OK THS HlOH HiLLB OF THE SaNTEB, AuO. 1, 1781, 

William Brown, Captain. On command at Camden. Snperintending the Hos- 
pital since Joly 18, 1781. 

James Smith, Captain-Uentenant. 

James McFadon, First-lientenant. 

Clement Skenitt, Seoond-lientenant. On Airlongh to Maryland. 

John Carson, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned May 1, 1779. Transferred to 
Captain Singleton Janoaiy 1, 1781. 

Serpeants. 



Henry Slack, 
Charles Steward, 
John Slack, 

Michael Hawke, 
Thomas Condron, 
James Boyston, 
John Baddiff, 

Michael O'Brian, 
Philip O'Brian, 

James Welch, 
Jsmes Morel, 

Peter Mayner, 



Chrporals. 



Bombardiers, 



Gunners. 



John Vaughn, 
Thomas Barber. 



Thomas Ftoning, 
Jjemuel J. Nehnes, 
Tamolin Spencer. 



'Vniliam Jonet. 



James Whalen. 



Dftem cmd Mfe. 
I 



James Brooks. 



Thomas Brown, 
Isaac Barton, 
Arthur Camee, 
John Fitzgerald, Jr. 
Jonathan Gill, 
Henry Higgs, 
Daniel Havey, 
Francis Johnston, 
Bobeit livingBton, 
Joshna Lovely, 
John Beynolds, 
Peter Lawrence, 
James Clark, 
John Evans, 
Joseph Pogae, 
Soberl Mysfs, 

(From Jso. 1, 1781.) 
JolmSellman, 

(Fmn Jan. 80, 1781.) 
William Stalker, 
Bobert Smith, 
David Toong, 
Beuben Soott, 



William Davis, 

Charles Groome, 

John Head, 

Charles Muret, 

Thomas Smith, 

Charles Satton, 

James Siroonds, 

Peter Robinson, 

Beigamin Patmoie, 

Jamea Navin, 

hLKys If evin, 

WilKam Moran, 

Edward Hennesey, 

John Fitigerald, sen., 

James Henry, 
(JeiMd Jan. 18, ViBL) 

John Qilman, 
(Joined Jan. 18, 1781.) 

Ignailftaa Bntler, 

Franeb Pophan, 
(KUled at AiifQsta.) 

Thomas Stanley, Qideli 
(DM Aig. 8, 1781.) 



TiaoChy GOBBAlly, 

NoTB.~<^tidn Brown's Company was looated at TaDey Forge nntfl Jane, 
1778; at White Plains, Joly, 1778; aft Fort Schnyler, Aagast and September, 
1780; at High HUls of the Santee, in Aagast, 1781 ; at CoL Soirvins, Janoaiy, 
1788 ; and at Baoon's Bridge, 8. C, in April, 1788. 



Nambs, Bank, Ain> Dates ov CoaniusioNS of the Offiobrs of 
Oapt. Biohard Dorset's Company of Martland Artillrrt, 
WITH A List of the Privates, as it stood at Valley Forge, 
June 3, 1778. 

Biohard Dorsey, Captain. Comn^wkmed Maj 4, 1777. 
Ebeneser Unley, Ci^tain-lieatenant. Commissioned Jaly 4^ 1777. 
Bobert Wilmott, FirsMieatenant. Commissioned November 84, 1777. 
Nicholas Bieketts, Seoond-lieatenant. Commissioned December 1, 1777. 
Toang Wilkinson, Seoond-lieatensnt. Commissioned Febraary 85, 1778. 

Sergeants far One Tear. 



Samael Thompson, 
"^^ John Howard, 
David Walsh, 



John Wheeler, 
James Bice, 
Bcbert ThompsoB. 



OF 



BBfOLOTiORAOT WAB. 



391 



Thomas Keileon, 
Philip Jones, 
David White, 



OorpordUfor One Year, 



WQliam Delsney, 
ThomsB Smith, 
John Wilkins. 



Dnmmisr, Henry Kelliker. 

Bombardiers for One Tear, 
John Flenon, i Alexander MolfnUMi, 

David Maroney, | J<^m GUrke. 

Ounmersfor One Tear. 

Timothy Donovan, i Thomas 

Daniel Donogae, I John Brady, 

John Tomer, f John Aoker^. 

Matroeeee/or One Tear. 



Dennis Fhumegan, 
Edward Conghlandf 
James Beny^ 
Patrick Shooghness, 
John Bryant, 
John JaUoHM, 
JohjiSaMlaU, 
HowelLswis, 
William Orimes, 
WUliattBeed, 
William Di^, 
William Wade, 
Frederidc Pine, 
Andrew Shrink, 
Boger 0*Donald, 
BobertBrHt, 
John Fhipatriok, 



Hngh McDowell, 
Biohard Wilkinsoa, 
Daniel Beddan, 
Freeman Newman, 
Matthew Kelly, 
Daniel NeB, 
James Jaek, 
Thomas Randall, 
Michael Connor, 
Thomas Pieroe, 
Mathew McMahan, 
John Tayior, 
Stephen Fennel, 
John Handlin, 
William Forbes, 
Bryan FerreL 



Capi. Richard Dorset's Cpmpant of Maryland Artillbrt, as 
IT stood in "Camp Coi* SdRvur's," Jan. 28^ 1782. 

^Biohard Dorsey, Oq^B. Prisoaer #f War, on parola in Maryiand. 
James Smith,Captain-lieatenan^ Joined from Captain Brow&*s Company, De- 
cember 24, 1781. 
Ebeneser Finley, Captsin-lientenaiit. 

Bobert Wilmott, Urst-lieatenant. On fnilongh in Maiyland. 
James Baoques, do. do. do. 

Nicholas Bicketts, Seeond-lieatenant. do. do. 



283 



0FF10KB8 Ain> PBITATBB 



Young WilkiDson, Seoond-lieateiuuit 8iok in hospital at Boon*a Plantatkm. 
Isaac BawlioB, do. On furlough in Maryland. 

JohnCheever, do. do. do. 

Serjeants for the War, 
Jesse Thompson, Samuel Garter, 

William Bawlins, Biohard Lewis, 

James Hatton, William Moigan. 

William Cornwall, 

Cforparak/ar the War. 
James Hammond, i Bawleigh Spinki. 

"^William Hatton, | 

Bombardiere Jbr the War. 



Dennis MoCormao, 
William Hillen, 



William Diz<m, 
John Clark, Ghinner. 



Drum and Fife. 



Thomas Williams, 
Elisha Redman, 



Thomas Patten, 
Peter Davis. 



Matroseet/ar the War. 



Perregrine Askew, 
Michael Connor, 
Thomas Oleeson, 
Cornelius Harling, 
John Ireland, 
Philip Masterson, 
James Neale, 
Michael O'Farrell, 
John Payne, 
Thomas Bowler, 
John Compton, 
Philip Jones, 
John Clark, 



John Prout, 
Thomaa Bedmaa, 
Thomas Bandall, 
Bennet Bayley, 
Andrew Shrink, 
John Sandall, 
Edward Berry, 
Benedict Johnson, 
John Stanley, 
John Smith, 
Daniel Bedden, 
Hugh McDowell, 
John Owens. 



Names akd Rakk op the Offiobrs and Pbiyates to whom di- 

PEEOIATIOK ON THSIB PAT WAS MADE UP BT THE StATE OP MaST« 
LAND, THE TIME PAID FOR, AND THE AM0I7NT PAID. 

John B. Ainsworthy, private April 28, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 81 10 4 

Bobert Britt, MatroBS Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780 104 5 8 

Mountjoy Bailey, Captain Jan. 1, 1777, to Sept 14, 1780. . . 906 Ifi 



OF THB BXVOLOnOVASY WAB. 

Jbr StrvUeJhm £ 9. d, 

Joshua Brooghton, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Dec. 81, 1779. . . tS 17 9 

Thomas Barrows, private Jan. 1, 1777, to April 4, 1777. .. . 8 S 4 

Thomas BoarmaD, private June 15, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 81 17 6 

Jamea Carvio, private Deo. 4, 1776, to Deo. 10, 1779... 69 11 6 

Nicholas CisaeU, private Jan. S7, 1780, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 15 1 8 

Mordeoai Cooley, private April 96, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 85 15 5 

Kobert Cooley, private May iO, 1778, to Oct 6, 1778.... 8 18 

WiUlam CanoU, private Mar. 80, 1777, to Jan. 80, 1779.. 40 9 1 

Philip Cnllooh, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Oct. 1, 1777 18 18 9 

Bartholomew Callahan, private Deo. 1776, to Dec. 6, 1779 68 8 

Michael Connor, Seigeant Jan. 89, 1777, to Jan. 89, 1780.. 88 14 11 

Cornelias Downey, Corporal Jan. 16, 1777, to June 88, 1778. . 80 15 6 

Hugh Doyle, Sergeant Deo. 6, 1776, to Deo. 9, 1779.... 84 4 8 

Thomas Davis, private Mar. 7, 1777^ to Aug. 1, 1780 . . . 84 16 8 

John Donent, private April 88, 1777, to April 88, 1780. 78 17 8 

Dennis Downey, private Mar. 18, 1777, to April 1, 1780. . 75 18 4 

Edward Edwards, Ensign Deo. 10, 1776, to Nov. 1, 1777... 48 5 

Beojamln Freshwater, private June 1, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 88 9 8 

John Gfll, private May 81, 1777, to Feb. 1, 1779... 88 5 4 

Leonard Gates, private. Jane 1, 1778, to Ang. 1, 1780... 58 8 4 

John HarUove, private Deo. 10, 1776, to Ang. 1, 1780... 86 

Samael Hamilton, Sergeant Deo. 10, 1776, to May 87, 1779. . 70 16 8 

Andrew Hagerty, Hfiar. Mar. 18, 1777, to Mar. 18, 1780. . 79 9 8 

Jacob Hazlewood, private Aug. 9, 1776, to Aug. 9, 1779 . . . 55 18 10 

WiUiam Harper, private. Mar. 19, 1778, to Jan. 9, 1779... 19 7 9 

John HaU, private Mar. 18, 1778, to Jan. 84, 1779.. 80 9 10 

Thomas Jones, private May 1, 1777, to Aog. 1, 1780. ... 81 11 8 

Benjamin Johnson, private Oct. 9, 1778, to Aog. 1, 1780. ... 50 1 4 

James Jones, Drammer April 80, 1779, to Aag. 1, 1780. . 89 19 6 

Lewis Jones, Fifer April 5, 1779, to Deo. 1, 1779... 19 16 7 

Benjamin Kidwell, private May 86, 1778, to Aog. 1, 1780. . . 58 16 

Patrick KeUy, OorporaL Jan. 1, 1777, to July 84, 1779... 64 15 

John KUne, private Oct. 18, 1776, to Oct. 18, 1779... 68 17 9 

Geoige KeUy, private Mar. 14^ 1777, to April 14, 1780. 74 18 4 

Robert Livingston, Matroes, Nov. 1, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 87 7 1 

Francis W. Lackett, Corporal Dec. 10, 1776, to April 16, 1778. 87 8 1 

John Lanham, private Dec. 10, 1776, to Dec 87, 1779. . 68 18 8 

David Lawler, private Feb. 6, 1777, to Aag. 1, 1780 86 8 

Murtin Madd, Sergeant May 10, 1777, to May 87, 1778... 87 1 8 

HonryMudd, Corporal May 81, 1777, to Nov. 1, 1777... 9 9 6 

Daniel Mclntire, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Aag. 1, 1780. . . 86 

Ennals Martin, Surgeon's Mate Jane 1, 1777, to Feb. 16, 1780.. . 476 10 9 

Jacob Miller, private July 80, 1776, to July 80, 1779. . 66 16 8 

John Mails, private July 1, 1777, to July 81, 1780... 78 11 8 

Frederick Mire, private Dec 10, 1776, to Deo. 87, 1779.. 68 18 2 



384 ' OFFICBW AKD PKITATK8 

For 8«rHeefirom 

Bftrney McMantiB, private Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . . 

Ignatius MartiD, private Mar. 18, 1777, to Aug. 27, 1777.. 

Moses MoNew, private Deo. 10, 1776, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 

Walter Maddoz, private Mar. 9, 1777, to June 28, 1778. . . 

James Murphy, private. Mar. 18, 1778, to Jaly 20, 1778. . 

Andrew Malone, private Jan. 10, 1777, to Jan. 10, 1780. . 

William Ormond, private May 1, 1777, to July 5, 1778. . . 

David Phinkett, Oapt of Dragoons. .Jan. tO, 1777, to Mar. 1, 1779. . . 

WilKara Parsons, private April 80, 1777, to Aug. 1, 1780.. 

Jolm Piekeriog, private Feb. 18, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 .. 

Jacob Palmer, private May 5, 1779, to Aug. 1, 1780.. . . 

Benjamin Posey, private. Oct 10, 1777, to Feb. 28, 1779 . . 

James Quay, private Feb. 19, 1778, to July 18, 1779. . 

Henry Quiggins, private. May 80, 1777, to Nov. 18, 1777. . 

John Biohardson, Drummer Mar. 15, 1780, to Aug. 1, 1780. . 

Jacob Strapp, private Feb. 24, 1777, to Feb. 84, 1780.. 

John Sheridine, private Mar. 8, 1777, te Mar. 2, 1780.... 

William Spaulding, private Jan. 1, 1778, te Nov. 88, 1778. . . 

Caement Sewell, £n^ Mar. 4, 1777, to Sept. 14, 1777. . 

William Spalding, private June 1, 1777, to Deo. 81, 1777.. . 

Alexander Soott, Sergeant Dec. 8, 1778, to Deo. 8, 1779.. . . 

EUsha Steel, private. Feb. 84, 1777, to Feb. 20, 1780.. 

Boger Skifflngton, private Jan. 10, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 

Daniel Skelly, Corporal Dec. 8, 1778, to Dec. 6, 1779 

Robert Tongue, private June 8, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. . . 

Thomas Tkylor, private Mar. 19, 1778, to Oct 1, 1778. . . 

William Taylor, Sergeant. Mar. 1, 1777, to Jan. 26, 1779. . . 

Samuel Taylor, Fifbr April 88, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780. 

Zephaniah Williams, private May 8, 1778, to Aug. 1, 1780 ... 

Thomas Tates, Matross Jan. 1, 1777, to Aug. 1,1780... 



£ 9. 


4 


86 





8 5 





86 





80 4 


4 


8 


% 


75 8 


I 


85 7 


'^ 


848 9 1 


82 1 




65 9 




85 1 




88 9 


n 


85 7 




9 8 




18 6 




78 




71 17 




81 10 




68 17 




U14 




98 18 




78 6 




67 15 




76 




58 10 


18 11 


4 


69 8 


8 


67 6 


9 


60 7 





88 t 


S 



UTamba, Bank, akd Datbs of Commissioks of ths Ofviobrs of 

TBB FiVB RSOIMXNTS OF MaBTLAKD, AS THXT STOOD JuNB 1, 

178L 

VIBST BBOIMSNT. 
Otho H. Willians, ColoneL Commissioned January 1, 1777. 
John Stewart, LieatsnantHX)loneL Commissioned Febrnuoy 10, 1781. 
John Eodeston, Mijor. Commissioned December 10, 1777. 

Captains. 

OommUHontA I OomnUttUmtd 

Jonadum Sellman, Jan. 10,1777. WiUiam Belly, Oct. 18,1777. 

Bdward Teall, June 10, 1777. I John Sprigg Belt, Dec 15, 1777. 



OF TBS SKTOLTJTIOHAXT WAB. 



28S 











Ghiistitt Onndorf, 


April 1,1778. 


lioyd BeiOl, 


Feb. 10,1781. 


IfiabtfdBird, 


Jane 1% 1780. 


ThomiM B. Hogo, 


Jone 18, 1781. 


Qogirvo ArmatroDg, 


Feb. 11,1780, 








Lieutenanti. 




wniSaoi Ijoiar, 


Nov. 18, im. 


Uesekuui yorfl. 


Aag. 16, 1780. 


June. Swing, 


Mmj 19,1778. 


John J. Lowe, 


Jan. 90,1781. 


J». John Skiimer, 


Sept. 18, 1778. 


Sdwnd M. Smith, 


Feb. 19,1781. 


IsMo Davall, 


April 10, vm. 


Sunael Edmieton, 


Mar. 14,1781. 


John Hamilton, 


Jane 1,1779. 


JohnTraman, 


Mar. 18,1781 




Sept. 11, ITTt. 


BkiwfdrindeU,Saigeon« 


WaUAm BaiBon, 


Jan. 98,1780. 


HeiekUh HayiM, Mate. 


Joahut Bnigeea, 


M«, U, 1780. 







John Qonby, Colonel. Commfarioptd April 17, 1777. 
VJohn Eager Howard, lieotenant-ooloneL CommiBsioned March 11, 1779. 
John Dean, Mi^or. CommlaBioned March 11, 1779. 

Captains^ 
AkundarlVaflman, Jan. 1,1777. 



Jonathan Morris, 
Walker Muse, 
Wmiam Wihnott, 
Jokn Jordan* 



April 14, 1777. 
Jane 10, 1777. 
Got. 16,177T. 
Dm. 98,1777. 



John Oaaaawttj, 
Adam Hooper, 



JniM 8, 1779. 
April 8,1780. 
Mar. 16,1781. 



Bamnel MoPhenon, April 85, 1781. 



Liiutenanti. 



Edward Dyer^ Sept. 10, 1780. 

John A. Hamilton, Feb. 1, 1778. 
Chaatop'r^ohmond,May 87,1778. 

WUUamAdama, Jane 8,1779. 
KioholaB OaasawVi 

Arthar Harria, Oct. 86, 1779. 

Thomas Price, Feb. 11,1780. 



William Mordock, April 1,1780. 



Zedekiah Moore, 

Mark MoPherson, 

Jacob Cmwford, 

William Smoot, 

James Arthar, 

Walter Warfield, Sorgeon. 



Sept 10, 1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 
Feb. 80,1781. 
Mar. 16,1781. 



THIRD BBOIMXNT. 

Peter Adams, I^entenant-eolonel. OommisBtoned Aognst 1, 1779. 

Henry Hardman, M^)op. Commissioned 99, 1779. 

Thomas Ijansdale, Mi^* Commiasloned Febmarj 19, 1781. 



(/M9W9l|g. 



HttiryDobson, 
Joseph Marbnry, 
lillMum Williams, 
Bohert Oheal^, 
John Smith, 



Jan. 10,1777. 
Jan. 1, 1777. 
AprU 16, 1777. 
Jane K), 1777. 
Nov. 9,1777. 



Jamea W. Gray, 
Edward Spurrier, 
Benjamin Price, 
Bichsrd Waters, 



Dec 86,1777. 
May 90,1779. 
Jaly 1, 1779. 
Apfffl 7,1779. 



286 



FranoiB Revelly, 
- Jamea Goald, 

James Winohester, 

Philip Beid, 
^ John HartBhorn, 
^ Begnal Hillary, 

Philip HiU, 



OnnOEBS AND PBIYATBB 
Lieutenants, 



Oommitiionsd 
April 16, 1777. 
Mar. 11,1778. 
May 27, 1778. 
Oct 13,1778. 
May ai,177». 
July 16,1779. 



Oommistiofud 
William Pendergast, Oct. 29, 1779. 
Heniy Baldwin, Feb. 11,1780. 



David Lucket, 
Walter Dyer, 
Nathan Wright, 
John Boone, 



April 7,1780. 
Sept. 6,1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 
April la, 1781. 



LsTin Denwoody Biixgeon. 



rouBTH BXODOirr, 

Thomaa Woolford, lientenant-ooloneL Oommiasioned October S8, 1779. 
Levin Winder, Migor. Commiaaioned April 17, 1777. 
Alexander Bozboig, Mijor. CommisaSoned Apfil 7, 1780. 



Captains. 



John Lynch, Jan. 1, 1777. 

Jacob Brioe, do. 

-=^enry Gaither, April 17, 1777. 

John 0. Jonea, Sept. 20, 1777. 

Biohard Anderson, Nov. 16, 1777. 



Geoige Hamilton, 
David Lynn, 
*^ John Mitchell, 
Jonathan Gibson, 



Lieutenants, 



Nicholas Mangers, 
Jamea Simmes, 
Peter Hartcastle, 
Becjamin Gku-nett, 
William Stoddert, 
Lavaftha De la Van 
(His widow was 

the act of July 

in 1887.) 



April 16, 1779. 

May 27,1778. 

Sept. 14, 1778. 

Oct. 18,1780. 

May 21,1779. 
Brunne. 

pensioned under 
4, 1886, and died 



Jan. 25,1778. 
May 82,1779. 
July 16,1779. 
May 1,1780. 



Nathan Smith, 
Edmund Compton, 
Joshua Rutledge, 

' JohnBrevett, 
John McCoy, 
Bobert Hatherston, 

^enry Gassaway, 
William Eelty, Surgeon. 



Sept 15, 17T9. 
Feb. 18,1780. 
May 1, 1780. 
Sept. 20, 1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 
April 26, 1781. 
May 12,1781. 



FIFTH KEODISNT. 
Benjamin Ford, Lieutenant-colonel. Oommiasioned - 



John Davidson, Migor. Commissioned January 12, 1781. 
Benjamin Brooke, Migor. Commissioned March 16, 1781. 



Oc^UUns. 



William D. Beall, 
John Smith, 
Edward Oldham, 
Horatio dagett, 
John Gale, 



Jan. 1, 1777. 

do. 
May 20,1777. 
Oct 10,1777. 
Dec. 10,1777. 



Peny Benson, Mar. 26, 1778. 

James Somerville, June 1, 1779. 

William Bruoe, Aug. 1,1779. 

Edward Edgtriy, BtipL 10, m% 



OV THB SKTOLTrnONABT WAB. 



987 



Lieutenants, 



Jmaam Brnfl; OoU 7, 1777. 

Oaaemway Watkins, Sept. 14, 1778. 



Jacob Norris, 
John Lyno, 
8«mael Hanson, 
Thomas Bonae, 
Sobert Denny, 



Not. 26, 1778. 
Jane 1, 1779. 
Aug. 1,177». 



Bei]Jamin Tiokle, 
BogerNelaon, 
Thomaa Boyd, 
John Sean, 
Henry dements, 
Adam JamieaoOf 



Oommimtomtd 
Feb. 19,1780. 
July 6, 1780. 
Jan. 1, 1781. 

do. 
April S5, 1781. 
Jane 1,1781. 



Jan. 8, 1780. 

Colonel Josiah Carvil Hall, Lieatenant-oolonel Kathaniel Bamaey, and Liea- 
tanant-oolonel Edwaid lillard, beoame snpemameniiy on the Ist of Jan. 1781. 



OraiosBS OF THi Ma&tland Past of thx GntMAK Battalion. 

Lodowick Weltner, lieat. OoloneL Gommlaaioned Aogoat 9, 1777 
Charies Baltnll, Captain. Commissioned May 10, 1777. 



Christopher Myers, do. 


do. 


March 12, 1778. 


Mi<diael Boyer, do. 


do. 


May 25, 1778. 


Martin Sogart, Dentenant. 


do. 


do. 


Jaeob Gomath, do. 


do. 


Janaary 4, 1778. 


Darid Morgan, do. 


do. 


April 8, 1778. 


Jaoob Beybold, Ensign. 


do. 


Jttly 24, 1778. 




do. 


Aogoat— ,1778. 



OmoBBB OF THS Martlahd Fltino Camp, in 1776. 
Besin Beall, Brigadier-general. 



VIB8T BATTAUOK. 



Charies 0. Qrifflth, CoIoneL 
Henry Shryodk, lieat. Colonel. | Peter Manti, M^or. 

Captains^ 



Edward Borgess, 
Leonard Deakins, 
Bei^amin Spiker, 
Philip Marony, 

John Gaither, 
Thomas Nowland, 

"^ Greenberry Gaither, 

"Elisha Beall, 
John B. Thompson, 



Lieutenants, 



Jacob Good, 
Eneas Campbell, 
John Beynolds, 
Henry Hardman. 



Adam Grosh, 
Clement HoUlday.. 
Moses Chapllne, 
Daniel Stull, 
^Thaddeas Beall, 



i88 



AMD PBITAXBi 



XUihA Wnilams, 
Riohard Andenon, 
John H«U«n, 
John GhSseUne, 

Thomas EdmnndMn, 
Johnarifll^ 
HiohobB Sakybirl, 
William Bea^jr, jnn., 
JohnSmiUi, 



JBmigmt. 



Peter Adams, 
John C. Jones, 
Christian Orendorf^ 
Peter C. Hanson. 



John BichaidsoQ, 
Diavid Lynn, 
Nathan WiUisBiy 
JohnSencb. 



8X00ND BATTAIJ09. 



Josiah GarvU Hall, ColoneL 
I B^rdi, Lieut OeloiieL 



^ John Craddook, Mi^. 
iMMMOiiestyi 



V. Zaohariah MoCabMn, 
"V John Eager Howard, 
John Stevenson, 

ThonuMTeitefti 
Thomas LsMdsl6| 
Edward Oldham, 
James Bond, 
John B. Hall, 
Joshoa Miles, 

Thomas Lingan, 
Robert Morrow, 
Joseph Lewis, 



{jQpUnnB, 



Lieutenants. 



Sneigne. 



JvDom Tomig, 
AqniUa Paoa, 
Bennet Bossy. 

Midiael Oaberty 
John ChriatSe, 
William Biely, 
James Oglebie, 
John Smith, 
Asahel mtohoook. 

James Tool, ^ 

John PatteiBoti, ^ 
AqniUa Amos* 



tHIBD BATTALIOir. 



Thomas Swing, Colonel. 
John Addison, Lieut. CcdoneL 
James Eden, Mijor. 



Uriah Forrest, 
Thomss Hanson, 
Belair Posey, 
John Brook, 
John H. Lowe, 
James Disney, 



Njohn Dorsey, Soigeon. 
William Parran, Qoartermaster. 



Coq>tains. 



^Robert Bowie, 
^Alezander H. Msgmder, 

Edward Norwood, 

Edward TiUard,. 
*^ Daniel Dorsey, 

Thomas Hammond. 



OF THB ESVOIiUnOHABT WAB. 



8S9 



Zieuietumts, 



Fradoiok Skinnar, 
John M. Baif^ess, 
BoDJamin Brooks, 
William S. Bowie, 
Samuel Godman, 
Samuel L. Chew, 
Joseph Borgess, 
Henry Bidgely, 
Thomas Majo, 

James SomervSlle, 
Horatio Clagett, 
William ShiroBi^ 
Alexander Tmeman, 
BiohardTklbott, 



.Ensiffm. 



Nathaniel Wmsoo, 
William Dnvall, 
William D. Beall, 
Benjamin Contee, 
John W. Dorsey, 
John S. Belt, 
John Loiah, 
Jonathan Sellman» 
Joshoa lieriken. 



John Kilty, 
Miehad Bnigess, 
Sdward Spurrier, 
Andrew Hammond. 



70UBTH BATTAUOK. 



William Biohardson, ColoneL 
Joseph Earie, lieik Oolonel. 
Bobeit OaapbeU, A4}otant. 



William Hopewell, Mi^. 
Samuel Bdttwaon, Qr. 



Captaim* 
Joshua Oeoige, 
Walter AlezaadM^ 
Isaac Perkina, 
Thomas Smydi, 
PhiUp Slddeman, 

Lieutenants. 
William Veasy, 
Andrew Portw, 
Andrew Falconer, 
James WilUaeMO% 
"^ohn Hawkins, 
Thomas L. Emory, 
Woolman Gibson, 
Thomas W. Loekennan, 
HeniyDewns^Jlik, 
Berkit Falcon, 



jSneiffne* 



Biohard Brd, 
George Hamilton, 
James Henry, 



JdmDsfln, 
JohnI>ames, 
^"^h^enberry QoMsboroughy 
Zabdiel Potter, 
Thomas Bnrk. 



John Stockton, 
Herman Arrants, 
Jesse Cosden, 
Natiianiel Eimiaid, 
John Neyille, 
Samuel W. Thomas, 
John Thomas, Jr., 
Levin Handy, 
John BeynoKii, 
John Lyneh. 



Josiah Johnston, 
Thomas Mason, 
Samuel Barle, 



240 



0FFIDEB8 AND PBIVATBB 



John Jacksoii, i Philip Omsoii, 

Perry Benaoii, | James W. Gray. 

Note.— The writer is indebted to the Hietory of Maryland by James MoSherry, 
Esq., for the foregoing Maryland oflioen—that gentleman, and Messrs. Morphy 
A Co., pablishers, of Baltimore, baring kindly permitted me to copy them. 



Names and Rank of thb Mabtland Bi7lb CoMPANisa under 
Lieut. Cou Moses Rawlinos, as thet stood Mat 81, 1777. 



FIRST OOMPANT. 



Alex. LawBon Smith, Captain. 
William Bradford, Lieutenant. 
John Thompson, Sergeant. 
Matthew Alexander, do. 



William Andrews, 
Josias Kimball, 
Samuel Power, 
John Cooper, 
Patriok MoCann, 
John Debmler, 
Charles Baker, 
John Coltman, 
Thomas Smith, 
Abraham WatBon, 
James Dennison, 



Joshua Saunders, Sergeant. 
Isaac Bose, Corporal. 
John Howe, do. 
Thomas Lively, Fifbr. 



lUJUnuiK 



Henry Bowlin, 
William Oitterill, 
John Leviston, 
William Pritchard, 
John Irons, 
William Cooper, 
Jesse Corbitt, 
Thomas Dearmott, 
Beuben Boas, 
John Crocket, 
Patrick Quinn. 



PhiUp <}rii&th. Captain. 
Adamson Tannehill, Lieutenant. 



SECOND OOMPANT. 

ElQah Srans, Lientmiant. 



MyUrMti* 



John Carr, 
Joshua Burton, 
John Johnston, 



Peter Dyohe, 
Patriok Lemon. 



THIBD OOMPANT. 



Biohard Bavis, Captain. 
John McBride, Drummer. 
Patriok Kirbyi Private. 



John Burk, Private. 
Jonathan Shepard, Privad. 



OF THE SEVOLUnONABY WAS. 241 

FOURTH OOMPANT. 

Thomas Bd], Oaptidn. WiUiam Batton, 

John Ford, Corporal. Peter Tmst, 

James Ferguson, do. Patriok Collins. 

Bryan Davenport, Priyate. 
Nois.— These rifle companies were present at the attack on Fort Washington, 
on the 16th November, 1776, by the English forces under Sir William Howe. 
For some considerable length of time, the deadly fire of these riflemen, aided 
by a three-gnn battery, kept the left column of the Hessians and Waldeckers, 
nnder General Knyphausen, entirely at bay. At length, their rifles becoming 
so fool fh>m incessant firing, they were compelled to give ground. The fort 
was, after a desperate resistance on the part of the Americans, surrendered to 
the British, who took about 2,800 Americans prisoners, among whom were 
many of these riflemen, which oironmstanoe so thinned their ranks, that in the 
summer of 1777 they were inoorporated into other oomponiee. 



Names, Rank, Dates of Commissions, and time of Enustmbnt 
OF THE Field, Staff, Non-oommissioned Officers, and Pri- 
vates of Col. Charles Harrison's Viroinia and Maryland 
Regiment of Artillert, as it stood from Nov. 30, 1776, to 
Aprii^ 1782. 

Charlee Harrison, Ck>lonel. Commissioned Nov. 80, 1776. Served to the end of 

the war. 
Edward Garrington, LieutenantKM)lonel. Ck>mmi88ioned Nov. 80, 1776. Served 

to the end of the war. 
Christian Holmer, Mi\)or. Commissioned Nov. 80, 1778. Served to the end of 

the war. 
Winiam Camp, Adjutant Commissioned March 16, 1778. 
Bichard Waters, Adjutant. Commissioned Sept. 21, 1778. Served as Lt. and 

Adjt to the end of the war. 
Ambrose Bohannon, Paymaster. Commissioned June 1, 1778. Served as Lt. 

and Paymaster to the end of tlie war. 
Jervis Adams, Quartermaster. Commissioned Nov. 21, 1777. 
Clement Skerrett, do. do. June 6, 1779. * 

Thomas Chiystie, Surgeon. do. April 1, 1778. 

Jonathan Calvert, Surgeon's Mate. do. Nov. 80, 1776. 

Alex. Lajoumade, do. do. Mar. 16, 1778. 

Thomas Parr, Kife-major. Appointed Nov. 80, 1776. 

Robert Hart, Drum-major. do. do. 

John Coale, Sergeant-migor. do. do. 

Griffith Evans, Qr. Mr.'s Sergeant. do. do. 

11 



242 



0F110EB8 AND PBIYATEB 



CoMPANT No 1, AS IT STOOD AT Vallby Forgb, Jukb 8, 1778. 



WmUm Piero^ 
Samoel Ck^eman, 
Thomaa Diz, 
William Fraber, 
Henry Punter, 



Captain. 
l8t lieat 

do. 
Capt. lient. 
Sergeant. 



Chrbtopher Stoakes, Corporal 



Commissioned Nov. 

do. Jane 

do. 

do. 
Appointed 

do. 



Francis Hatliff; 
William Elliott, 
John May, 
Hugh Bolunson, 
John Harris, 
WilUam Fleming, 
Isaao Freeman, 



do. 
Bomharditr. 

do. 
Qonner. 

do. 

do. 
Dmmmer. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Jan. 
Nov. 
Jane 
Jan. 
Deo. 
I>ec. 
Dec 
Deo. 
Nov. 
Deo. 
Deo* 



80, in«. 

16,177a. 
16, 1778. 
80,177*. 
17, 1777. 
80, 1777. 
80, 1776. 
80,1776. 
88, 1776. 
20, 1776. 
8,1776. 
98,1776. 
88, 1776. 



MalTotmfar Tkrte Twtk 



Holman Snead, 
Joeeph Eaton, 
Henry Shackelford, 
James Garland, 
Mag. ShacUeford, 
John Bishard, 
\ John Howard, 
John Lutredge, 
Bobert Belvin, 
William Hart, 
James Stewart, 
David Shelton, 
Presley Anderwig, 

Non.— The above 



Dec. 81, 
Jan. 6, 
Dec. 84, 
Deo. 81, 
Dec 88, 
Deo. 81, 
Jan. 16, 
Jan. 1, 
Mar. 88, 
Mar. 18^ 
Mar. 10, 
April 80, 
June 14, 



1776. 
1777. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1777. 
1777. 
1777. 
1777. 
1777. 
1777. 
1777. 



Thomaa FIgg, Deo. 80^ 1777. 

Biohard Jenkins, Jas. 15^ 1777. 
James Bray, Sept 4,1777. 

William Hartley, April 18, 177r- 
John Kelly, Sept 1», 1777. 

WiffiamEeUy, Jan. 18,1778. 

William Walker, deserted. 
James Moi^gan, siok in Yiigii^ 
John Hughes, Seig't, do. 
Jesse Hughes, do. 

James Alexander, Corp., do. 
Thomas Brooke, do. 

John Bosser, do. 



company was iaoorporated in Gapt. Saihaoel Edden^. 



Company No. 2, as it stood at Yalubt Foros, Junb 3, 1778. 

Nathaniel Bnrwell, Captain, and Aid-de-Camp to Biigadier-general Bobeit 
Howe. Commissioned November 80, 1776. Served to the end of the war. 
John Blair, Captain-lientenant. (Commissioned November 80, 1777. 
William Camp, First-lieutenant. do. November 80, 1777. 

William Stevenson, do. do. June 16, 1778. 

Thomas Orabbs, Sergeant. Appointed December 20, 177 



Samael Cross, do. do. 

William Emmons, Corporal. do. 

Edward Shaoklett, do. do. 

James Johnson, do. do. 

Borwell Bacon, Bombardier. do. 

Biohard Bonton, do. da. 



January 7, 1777. 
December 80, 1776. 
January 88, 1777. 
January 4, 1777. 
January 17, 1777. 
Febmaiy 9, 1777. 



09 IBS ttBTOUmOBtMMT WAB. 



943 



Lewis St. John, Gunner. Appointea March 4, 1777 


, 


Biehard SpratUfl; do. 


do. Beeember 80, 1778. 


Jeve Peal, Tiftr. 


do. Deoember 14, 1777. 


Thomas WeUs^ I>rmmmer. 


de. Deoember 84, 1777. 


MatrosHsfor 


Thnet Tears. 




Mtlithd 




MMUitd 


Thomas Chnning, Feb. 11, 1777. 


Charies Laiwrnaa, 


Jan. 10,1777, 


Thomas Groae, Jane 1, 1777. 


EBas Jones, 


Jan. 12,1777. 


Aaron Ball, 7eK 4,1777. 


John Jenkhis, 


Jan. 15,1777. 


Alexander Chlldreea, Feb. 6, 1777. 


SamnelDyeT, 


Jan. 2, 1777. 


JohnHarrifs Jan. 12,1777. 


Benjsmin Kidd, 


April 15, 1777. 


Thomas Elmore, Jan. 7, 1777. 


Mi^or Callahan, 


Nov. 22, 1777. 


WiHiam Halns,. Jas. 87,1777. 


Walker Williams, 


Jan. 88,1777. 


Thomas Alphin, Feb. 8, 1777. 


Edward Ck>nnoU7, 


Deo. 20,1778. 


Abraham PiekeCt, Feb. 9, 1777. 


John Spenoer, 


June 1, 1778. 


Benben Hughes, Jan. U, 1777. 


(Turned over to let Va. Beg't.) 


FranoU I>yer, Feb. 1, 1777. 


Thomas Addenon, 


Jan. 20, 1777. 


John Bnshiel, F^b. 9, 1777. 


(Deserted May 25, 177a) 


Chariee Gtinter, Feb. 7, 1777. 


Adam Smith. (Proved to be a de- 


Alennder Eeney, Kar. 8, 1777. 


serter ftom another regiment.) 



CaPT. NaTHAKUBL BuRWBLL's CoyPANT, AS IT STOOD AT &IIIB's 

Olovb, July 2, 1779. 

Nathaniel Burwell, Captain, and Aid to General Howe. 
John Blair, Captain-lieutenant. 
^ William Stevenson, Ilrst-lieutenant. 

luel Cross, Seigeant. Appointed November 80, 1777. 
illiam Emmons, do. do. September 1, 1778. 

iward Shaoklett, do. do. March 1, 1779. 

. ames Johnson, Corporal and Artificer, in Philadelphia, 
^ehard Bouton, Corporal. Appointed September 1, 1778. 
Borwick Bacon, Bombardier, do. do. 

Lewis St. John, do. 
Biohsrd Spratlifl; do. 
Benben Hughes, Gunner. 
Thomss Cross, do. 

John Jenkins, Gunner and Wagoner. Appointed Sept. 1, 1778. 
Jesse Peal, Flfer. Appointed Deoember 14, 1777. 

Matroases for Three Tears, 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



Thomas Chuning, Feb. 11,1777. 
Aaron BsU, Feb. 4, 1777. 

Nsthaniel Hughes, Feb. 14,1777. 



Alexander Childress, Jan. 8, 1777. 

(Wagoner.) 
Thomas Alphin, Feb. 8, 1777. 



244 



OinOEBS AHD PBIYATE8 



JohnHarriM, 

(Wagoner.) 
Richard Shearwood, 
Abraham Pigott, 
Abraham Smithey, 

(Wagoner.) 
Francis Dyer, 
Major CUtllahan, 
Walter Williams, 
Thomas Grabbs, 

(Wagoner.) 



Jan. 12,1777. 

Feb. 16,1777. 

Feb. », 1777. 

Jan. 14,1777. 

Feb. 1, 1777. 

Nov. 22, 1777. 

Jan. 28,1777. 

Dec 20, 177«. 



Edward Tkylor, 
John Bashell, 
(Jharles Gnnter, 
Frederick Hall, 
Alexander Kinsey, 
Charles Lawman, 
Elisha Jones, 
Samnel Dyer, 
Benjamin S^idd, 
Thomaa Elmore, 



JMUitd 
Dec 1<H177«. 
Ftob. 9, 1777. 
Feb. 7, 1777. 
Dec 22,1777. 
Mar. 8, 1777. 
Jan. 10,1777. 
Jan. 12,1777. 
April 16, 1777. 

dc 
Jan. 7, 1777. 



CoMPANT No. 8, AS IT STOOD AT Yallet Fobgb, Juve 3, 1778. 

Anthony Singleton, Gaptain. Conomissioned Feb. 1, 1777. Served to the eod 
of the war. 

Ambrose Bohannon, Captain-lientenant. Commissioned Janoary 18, 1777. Ap- 
pointed Paymaster Jane 1, 1778. Served to the end of the war. 

Wm. Miller, First-lieutenant. Commissioned Jan. 18, 1777. Sick in Viiginla. 

Henry Wallace, Second-lieutenant. Commissioned March 1, 1778. do. 



William Piggot, Sergeant. Appointed 


December 20, 1776. 




John Oliver, Corporal. do. 


do. 




Berish West, 


do. do. 


do. 




Bobert Finney, Bombardier. do. 


dc 




Elias Boyer, 


do. do. 


dc 




William Langham, Gunner. do. 


January 24, 1777. 




George Fritts, Drummer. do. 


December 20, 177«. 




Morris Bowers, flfer. do. 


September 8, 1777. 






Matrosusfor 


Three Tears. 












Master Adkerson, 


Feb. 10,1777. 


Thomas Tabor, 


July 16,1777. 


Richard Sanford, 


April 6, 1777. 


Edward Linegar, 


Mar. 24, 1777. 


John Randolph, 


Nov. 8,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




Charles Williams, 


April 1,1777. 


Philip Bowers, 


Feb. 4, 1777. 


Lewis Bowdry, 


April 4,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




John Webb, 


Aug. 24, 1777. 


Thomas O'Neal, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


Oliver Tamton, 


Feb. 12,1777. 


(Sick in camp.) 




James Sparham, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Cashell, deserted Apr. 26, 1778. 


Drury Wilkerson, 


Nov. 24, 1777. 


William Meacham, 


sick in Yiiginia. 


Benja'in Blankership, Feb. 17, 1777. 


Peter Jones, 


dc 


WUliam O'Neal, 


Jan. 11,1777. 


Thomas Jones, 


dc 


Jamea Chamberlain 


, Nov. 24, 1777. 


M. Rioherson, 


dc 


Artes Bennet, 


Feb. 8, 1777. 


Benjamin Hudson, 


do. 


Philip Evans, 


Feb. 1, 1777. 


John Cornelias, 


dc 



OF THB BSVOLUnONABY WAB. 



245 



TbonuMB S9iiA>rd, siok in YiiginUL 
Williun Sanford, do. 

Thomas Doleman, do. 



Beuben Atkinson, 
JoBii^ Ck>iii6liaB, 



siok in Viiginia. 
do. 



Captain Anthont Sinolbton's Company of Aktillbrt, as it 
STOOD AT Smith's Clovb, July 1, 1119, 

Anthony Singleton, C^>tain« Siok in qnarten. 

AmbroM Bohannan, Oaptain-lientonant and PiqrmaBtar. 

Samnd Bradibrd, FSnt-liontenani. CommiBsioned Jannaiy 18, 1777. 

Benjamin Moaely, 8eoond4iAntenant. Ckmimisaioned April 9, 1779. 

Williftm Piggot, Sergeant. Appointed Deoember 80, 1776. 

William Mitoliam, Sergeant. Appointed February 10, 1777. 

Griffith Evans, Seigeant Appointed Febraary 1, 1777. 

John Oliver, Sergeant. Appointed Deoember 20, 1776. 

Peter Jones, Sergeant and Wagoner. Appointed Deoember 20, 1776 

Beriah West, Sergeant. Appointed Deoember 20, 1776. 

Bobert Finney, Bombardier. Appointed Deoember 20, 1776. 

Bias Boyer, Bombardier. Appointed Deoember 20, 1776. 

William Langham, Bombardier and Wagoner. Appointed January 24, 1777. 

IComing Biohardson, Ounner. Appointed Febraary 19, 1777. 

Qeo(rge Fritta, Dnimmer. Appointed Deoember 20, 1776. 

Morris Bowers, Flfer. Appointed September 8, 1777. 

Matrossetfor Three Tears. 



Mijor Atkinson, 


Feb. 


10, 1777. 


Edward linegar, 


Mar. 


24,1777. 


Beuben Atkinson, 


Mar. 


4,1777. 


(SiokatPlnokemin.) 




(Wagoner.) 






Thomas O'Neal, 


Feb. 


1, 1777. 


Lewis Bowdree, 


Mar. 


4,1777. 


William O'Neal, 


Jan. 


11, 1777. 


BenJa'inBtankership, Sept 


17, 1777. 


Bichsrd Sanford, 


Mar. 


6, 1777. 


ArtesBennet, 


Feb. 


8,1777. 


Thomas Sanford, 


Feb. 


9, 1777. 


(Wagoner.) 






James Sparham, 


Feb. 


1, 1777, 


Philip Bowers, 


Feb. 


4,1777. 


(Siok at Plaokemhi.) 




Joeiah Cornelius, 


Mar. 


24, 1777. 


John Webb, 


Aug. 


14, 1777, 


James Chamberlain, 


Nov. 


21, 1777. 


Dmry Wilkinson, 


Mar. 


4,1777. 


'Hiomas Doleman, 


Mar. 


10, 1777. 


Oliver Yarrington, 


Feb. 


12, 1777. 


PbiUp Evans, 


Feb. 


4,1777. 


Frands Hooge, 


Dee. 


6, 1778. 


Thomas Evies, 


July 


8,1777. 


William Sanford, 


Mar. 


6, 1777. 



Company No. 4, as it stood at Pluokemin, July 16, 1779. 

Dmry Bagsdale, Captain. Commissioned Febraary 7, 1777. 
William Godman, Captain- lieutenant. Commissioned Jannaiy 1, 1778. 
Biohard Waters, First-Ueatenant. Commissioned January 18, 1777. Appointtd 
Adyotant, September 21, 1778. 



346 



OTFICEBS AKD PMTATfiB 



Wmiam Darrfl, Beeond-UMitenmnt. Oommissioned Febrauy 7, 1777. 

AlezMider Petrie, Sergeant. Appointed July 15, 1777. 

Migor Lipsoomb, do. do. Joly 80, 1777. 

John Cowels, do. do. August 28, 1778. 

John lipeooaili, OorponL do. Joly 21, 1777. 

Bamael Johnson, do. do. do. 

Johmn Flisbner, do. do. Unknown. 

Jamee Watera, do. do. do. 

Eliaa Langham, BoabvdlWk do. do. 

Jalioa Comer, do. do. Jtnnary 1, 1777. 

Notley ICaddox; do. do. Unknown. 

James McDorman, Gimnor. do. Jmnnary 1, 1778. 

WUUamLial, do. do. Augost 1, 1777. 

Jamea Barnes, do. do. Unknown. 

John Porter, Dnimmer, do. do. 

John Eeklar, Fifcr. do. do. 



Matrot$e$ for Three Teare. 



Gharies Broaohf 
John Grant, 
William Hagley, 
William Buss^ 
Thomas Bates, 
James Beavers, 
Joseph Ck^n, 



Dea 21,1777. 
Dea 90,1778. 
Sept. 21, 1777. 
Jan. 21,1777. 
Unknown. 

do. 

do. 



James Harding, Unknown. 

Edward Peek, do. 

James House, do. 

Thomas Ives, do. 

John Jones, do. 

John BQand, do. 



OOMPAHT No. 6, AS IT STOOD AT VaLIAT FoRGK, JunB S, 1778, 

James Pendleton, Captain. CommisBiooed Ftebraary 7, 1777. 
John Prior, Captain-lieutenant Comnussioned Febmaty 18, 1777. 
Biohard Waters, First-lieutenant Commissioned January 18, 1777 
James Didlake, Sei^geant Appointed December 20, 1776. 



Thomas Hood, Corporal, do. 

Thomaa Ward, Bombardier. do. 

James Bartley, do. do. 

John Jordan, Gunner. do. 

James Lloyd, do. do. 

Christian Bland, Dmmmor. do. 

Phil. Johnson, Fifer. do. 



do. 

do. 
February 28, 1777. 
December 20, 1778. 
Fsbruary 18, 1777. 
Manh 20, 1777. 
April 1, 1777. 



Matrasses for Three Years, 



Ed. Clark, 
WttHaaBams, 
Matthew AUen, 



Jan. 22,1777. 

do. 
Feb. 2, 1777. 



Beverly Spenoer, Jan. SO, 1777. 
George Ogden, Feb. 8, 1777. 

Samuel Sandiftr, April 8,1777. 



or THE BETOLUnONABT WAX. 



247 





'm 


nUaUd 


EmUtUd 


Bamael l^ilkins, 


jftii. 


8, 1777. 


James Fnrloagh, June 8, 1777. 


James Mosgrove, 


Jan. 


18,1777. 


(Wagoner.) 


Zeehariah Nance, 


Feb. 


i», in7. 


Peter Smith, Mar. 20,177$. 


laaae Kemmy, 


Mar. 


6,1777. 


(]>eeertBd Maj 1, 1778.) 


Fieldiii£f BaiT<)Bi, 


Feb. 


15, 1777. 





Capt. James Pendlxton's Compavt of Abtillsrt, ab ir stood at t 
'^Cahp ksar Chmtxb,^ Jult 9, 1*1*19. 

Jaznea Pendleton, Captdn. 

•John Prior, Captaia-lientenant, and Aid-de-Camp to Mig. Gen. Lord Sterling. 

i^aixi'Qei K. Bradford, First-lieatenant. Commissioned Jan. 18, 1777, and an- 
nexed to Capt. iSngleton's Company Jane 1, 1777. 

Jnatiniaa Cartwnght, Sergeant-major. Appointed Mar. 1, 1779. 

James Hines, Qr. Mr.'s Seigeant. do. Ang. 15, 1778. 

James DkUake, Sergeant do. Deo. 20,1771 

ThomMHood, do. do. do. 

Bobert Hart Hanter, Dram-m^or. do. Unknown. 

I Parr, Fii^migor. ite. do. 

PhiL Jolmsen, Drommer. do. do. 

llCatthew Allen, Corponl do. Kor. 1,1778. 

Thomas Ward, do. do. do. 

James Alexander, da. dOb Unknoiva. 

Jfatro99esjor Three Yean. 

WUiam Bamee, eolkted Jacrasy 22, 1777. 

ChristiaB Hand, do. March 20, 1777. 

JobnFariongh, do. June 8, 1777. (Wagoner to Cot Harrisoa.! 

Phil. Johnson. (Bedaoed from Drnmmer, Jane 1, 1779.) 

Isaac Kiaaaiey. (Driver to ammaDition-wagon.) 

John Eely, I (Sent to Providence, R. L, to join CaptiUn Pieroe's Onnpoij, 

WiUiam Kelly, f Jane 1, 1779.) 

James Sandifer, enlisted April 8, 1777. (Driver to a field-pieoe.) 

JBeveiiy Spencer, do. Jannaiy 80, 1777. (Wagoner.) 

Wflliam Powell, do. ia General Knox's Gottd. 



OOMPANT No. 69 AS IT STOOD AT VaLLIT FoROS, JuNS 4, 177S. 



John Daadridge, 
Michael McKemera, 
Walter Bichardson, 
William Meredith, 
Jostinian Cartwright, Sergeant. 
Bobert Scott, CorporaL 



Captain. Commissioned Feb. 7, 1777. 

Urst-lieatenant. do. Jan. 1, 1778. 

Qecond-lieatenant. do. Mar. 4,1778. 

Captain-lieutenant, do. Jan. 18, 1777. 

Appointed Dec. 20,1778. 
do. do. 



Elias Wingate, 



do. 



do. 



do. 



248 



OFFIOSBS AND FBITATES 



Thomas Bobimon, 
James Hines, 
Joseph Ball, 
William Freeman, 
Thomas Leigh, 
Thomas Coleman, 
Charies Nelmea, 
John Cottey, 
Thomas Wilkins, 



Corporal. 

do. 
Bombardier. 

do. 
Conner. 

do. 

do. 
Fifer. 
Bmmmer. 



Appointed 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



Deo. 90, me. 

do. 

Jan. 22, 1777. 

Dec 20,1776. 

Feb. 10,1777. 

Jan. 27,1777. 

Mar. 10, 1777 

Dec 20,1776. 

Mar. 28, 1777. 



Matro88e9f€T Three Tears, 



Thomas Carter, 
Joseph Look, 
John Fisher, 
8iU Welsh, 
Benj. Welch, 
George Walker, 
John Alexander, 
Bobert Bryron, 



Mar. 10, 1777. 

do. 
Feb. 1, 1777. 
Feb. 4,1777. 

do. 

do. 
Mar. 10,1777. 
Deo. 20,1776. 



vSamnel Henderson, Dec. 28,1776. 
William Fitahugh, Mar. 17,1777. 
Edward Dean, Mar. 1, 1777. 

James Sullivan, do. 

John Jones, Feb. 4, 1777. 

Peter Layland (deserted), do. 
John Gray, do. Feb. 2, 1777. 

William Dinny, do. Mar. 10, 1777. 



Gapt. John Dandridoe's Compant of Artillbbt, as it stood at 

Smfth's Clove, July 4, 1779. 

John Dandridge, Captain. Absent on leaye. 
Walter Biohardson, Seoond-lieatenant. 

Sergeants, 
Thomas Bobinson, | Charies Nelmes. 

Corporals. 



Bobert Soott, 
EUas Wingate, 

William Freeman, 

Thomas Carter, 

Thomas Wilkins, 

John Alexander, 
Bobert Bryron, 
James Snllivan, 
Edward Doans, 
John Fisher, 
William iltzhugh, 
Samuel Henderson, 



Bombardiers, 

I 

Ovnners. 

I 

Drum and Fife, 

Matrasses. 



Thomas Leigh. 

Thomas Coleman. 
Joseph Look. 
John Cottey. 

William Hutton, 
George Bice, (WagonerX 
George Walker, 
Michael Welch, 
Sill Welch, 
Benj. Welch, 
John Jones. 



OF THB BEVQLUnOHABT WAB. 



940 



CoMPAKT No. 7, AS IT STOOD AT Yallbt Fobox, Juvx 8, 1778. 

John Champe Carter, Captain. Commiasioned Oct 80, 1777. 

William Pojthreaa, First-lieatenant. do. Not. 80,1777. 



Bobert Dandridge, 


Seoond-lientonant. do. 


Oct 80,1777. 


Martin MoKennoo, 


Sergeant. 


Appohited 


Dec 20,1776. 


Jaoob IMener, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William SatUe, 


CorporaL 


do. 


do. 


William SnmmerB, 


Bombardier. do. 


do. 


William Cook, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Benben Griffith, 


do. 


do. 


Deo. 20,1776. 


KeO Brown, 


Qonner. 


do. 


Jan. 27,1777. 


JohnAdaoM, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 80,1777. 


Henry PoTBell, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Benjamin Shorles, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 27,1777. 


Uriah Brock, 


Flfer. 


do. 


Feb. 1, 1778. 


Charies McAllister, 


Brammer. 


do. 


Jan. 80,1777. 


Matroisei fi3T 


Three Tears. 




muitud 




JWMMi 


Lnke Ballin, Dec 


16, 177«. 


William SoUen, April 4,1777. 


Henry MiddleUm, Dec. 


22, 1776. 


William Shannon, Ang. 8, 1777. 


John Wren, Jan. 


11, 1777. 


William DiohU 


1, Jan. 6, 1777, 


Jeremiah Levy, April 1, 1777. 


IshamBama, 


Sept 4,1777. 


Bobert Kelly, Jan. 


28, 1777. 


Henry Haael, 


April 16, 1777 


William Chevia, Jan. 


27, 1777. 


David Wilson, 


Dec. 10,1776. 


Gideon Wing, Feb. 


10, 1777. 


(Died May 10, 1778.) 
T^ioholaa Dorsey, Jan. 1, 1777. 


William Powera, Feb. 


6, 1777. 



Oaft. Johk Cbamfb Carter's Comfant, as it stoop at '^Camp 

NEAR Chester,'' Jult 9, 1779. 

John C. Carter, Captain. 

Thomae Diz, Captain-lieutenant Commiialoned Jan. 16, 1778. 

William Poythrese, Firat-lientenant Commianoned Not. 20, 1777. 

Sergeants, 
Martin McEennon, I William Cook, 

Jacob Diener, I William Sommera, Corporal. 

Bombardiers, 
Neil Brown, I John Adams. 

Gunners, 
Henry MiddleUm, I Beigamin Shories, acting as Goa^ 

William Chevis, I to General Knox. 

Drum and Fife, 



WiDiam Shannon, 



I 
11» 



Uriah Brockf 



iso 



Bobert Brown, 
Joseph Bishop, 
laham Burnt, 
Lake BnlUni, 
"^icholM Donej, 
William Diohie, 
Williun Powen, 
WilliMu SoUen, 
John Wren, 



AMO ntIV IfflK 

Matrosdei. 



MatUiew EIliB, 
BenbenQriffl^ 
Bobert Kelly, 
Jeremiah Levej, 
Laorenoe McDonald, 
Charlea MoCalliatMB, 
William SnttkB^ 
Gideon Wing. 



Compact No. 8, as it 8tood at YAiunr Fobox, Jvm 8, If 78. 

Samuel Eddens, Ciqitaln. Commiiwioned January 1, 1778. 

Lewis Booker, Captain-lieutenant. CommisBioned January 18, iTft* 

Bichard Hill, First-lieutenanl Commiaaioned Ootober 90, 1Y77. 

Abraham Cole, Seoond-lieutenant. Commiaaioned November 80, 1777* Biek in 

Virginia. 
John Chick, Sergeant. Sick in Virginia. 
Chrietian Franda, CorponL Appointed Deoember SO, 1778. 



William Machie, 


do. 


do 


do. 




AuguBtine Lawless, 


Bombardier. 


do. 


February 10, 1777. 




Christian Cawthron, 


do. 


do. 


January 11, 1777. 




Charles Powell, 


do. 


do. 


January 9, 1777. 




James Qentry, 


do. 


do. 


January 11, 1777. 




Bichard Crozton, 


Gunner. 


do. 


February 10, 1777. 




Bichard Bogera, 


do. 


do. 


January 6, 1777. 




Geoige Anderson, 


Drummer. 


do. 


February 16, 1777. 




John Bneed, 


Fiftr. 


do. 


January 20, 1777. 






Mairotses/ar Three Tears. 






BiMtUd 






MMtttd 


Joseph Clark, 


Feb. 9, 1777 




William Vaughan, 


Feb. 10,1777. 


John Denton, 


Jan. 89,1777 




(Sick in camp.) 




Charles Lyle, 


Dec. 20,1776 




John WUds, 


Sept 24, 1777. 


Charles Moigan, 


Jan. 10,1777, 




(Sick in camp.) 




Isaac Wesson, 


Sept. 16, 1777, 




Bichard Parker, 


Feb. 10,1778. 


Beigamin Lawson, 


Sept. 24, 1777, 




(Sick in camp.) 




William Cremer, 


April 10, 1777 




William Bibb, 


Unknown. 


John Lyle, 


Jan. 81,1777 




(Sick in camp.) 




Jacob Peale, 


Jan. 27,1778 




Solomon Hall, 


do. 


BdwardSi«e, 


Aug. 1,1777. 




(SiokinoMiq[>.) 





OF rOA ^X^OLVtlGSAST WAR. 



251 



Caft. Samuel Eddkns' Comj Amr or Artillery, as it stood at 
Smith's Clovb, July 4, 1779. 



Samael Eddenss Captain. On oommand at Providenoe. 

Lewis Booker, Captain-Iieatenant. 

John Canon, Seoond-Heatenant Ck>mmiBaioned May 1, 177t. 

tatn Brown^B Maryland Company. 
Christian Cawthom, Seige&nt. Appointed October 1, 1778. 



JdaadOap- 



Chartes Powell, do. 


do. 


do. 


Chiit^pher Fraaois, Corporal. 


da 


December 90, 1774. 


Augnstine Lawless, do. 




Driver to a piece of Artlllety. 


William Miohie, do. 






Janes Gentry, do. 


do. 


Jamury 1, 1779. 


Riohard Sogers, Qoimer. 






John Sneed, Fiftr. 






George Anderson, Drsinmer. 






Matroisei. 




Zechariah Bowls, 




JaoobP^ 


Joseph Clark, 




Janes White, 


William Creimer, 




John Wells, 


Beigamin Laweon, 




Isaac Wesson, 


Charles Morgan, 




(Piece Driver.) 



CoicPANT No 9, as it stood at Vaixky Forox, June 8, 177S. 

Thomae Baytop, Captain. Commissioned FObmary 6, 1778. 
William Iteming Qaines, Captain-lieutenant. Coramissiened Oct 90, 1777. 
Holland Haynie, Ilrst-lieutenant. Commissioned November 80, 1777. 
....JV^illiam Stevenson, Second-lieutensnt do. September 80, 1777. 
James lyrie, do. do. April 28, 1778. 

Gawin Hamilton, Seigeant. Appointed December 26, 1778. 



John Cooper, do. 


do. 


February 15, 1777. 




James Tucker, do. 


do. 


May 1,1777. Furloughed to Vliginia, 


James Bailey, Corporal. 


do. 


February 8, 1777. 




James Sharpe, do. 


do. 


December 20, 1778. 




William Alexander, do. 


do. 


do. 




Jesse Dinon, Bombardier, do. 


do. 




William Foster, do. 


do. 


February 8, 1777. 




Bichard Carle, Dmmmer. 


do. 


April 28, 1777. 




JohnWiUiams, Fifer. 


do. 


May 11, 1777. 




Matroasea/or Three Tears, 








WMiiteg 


Jphn Hopper, Jan. 


81, 1777. 


John Boach, 


April 6,1777* 


ffrUliam Powel, Jan. 


8, 1777. 


HeniyLaoy, 


Feb. 22,1777, 



9sa 



OFFIOEBS AJS[D FBIYATES 



Dalo Garter, 
John Qraves, 
John Moiig^, 
Miohael SnlliTan, 



Aug, 22, 1777. 
Dec 20,1776. 
July 20,1777. 
Deo. 20,1776. 



Peter Springfield, 
William Gentry, 
Valentine Bethel, 



Jan. 19, 1777. 
Nov. 12, 1777- 
Jan. 9, 1777. 



OoMPxinr No. 10, as it stood at Vallet Foros, Juki 3, 1778. 

John Henry, G^ytain. Commiaaioned Febmaiy 7, 1777. 
William Meredith, Gaptain-lieatenant. Gommifisioned Jannaiy 18, 1777. 
Thomaa Fenn, Urat-lientenant. do. do. 

Matthew Drnry, Sergeant Appointed Deeember SO, 1776. 



Jamea Ghristian, 


do. 


do. do. 


William Smith, 


do. 


do. do. 


Warren Parker, 


Gorporal. 


do. do. 


Lemuel Garter, 


do. 


do. June 17, 1778. 


William MeTyre 


, Bombardier. 


do. February 6, 1777. 


John Dunn, 


do. 


do. January 20, 1777. 


John Jones, 


Gunner. 


do. January 27, 1777. 


Thomas Wotten, 


Drummer. 


dow January 6, 1778. 


Thos. Gampbell, 


lifer. 


do. July 16, 1777. 




Matroues for 


Three Tears. 




XiMbML 






Biohard Henson, 


Jan. 27,1777. 




Bartlett Leigh, 


George Gray, 


Jan. 7, 1777. 




Samuel Drury, 


William Ferrell, 


Feb. 1,1777. 




George Bicheraon, 


John Allen, 


Feb. 2,1777. 




Thomaa Smith, 


William Powel, 


Jan. 4, 1777. 







June 1, 1777. 
Jan. 19,1777. 
Jan. 81,1777. 
Feb. 9, 1777. 



The above Company, as it stood at '*Camp near Chester," 
July 9, 1779. 

Whitehead Goleman, Gaptain. Gommiasioned August 15, 1778. 

William Meredith, Gaptain-lieutenant. 

Thomas Fenn, First-lientenant. Promoted to Gaptain-lieutenant in Gaptain 

Pierce's Company in Bbode Island, June 18, 1779. 
Bobert Dandridge, Second-lieutenant. Gommiasioned October 80, 1777. 

Matthew Drury, Sergeant i Warren Parker, Gorporal. 

James Ghristian, do. I Samuel Carter, do. 

William Smith, do. | William McT^re, do. 



Bombardiers. 



John Dunn, 
John Jones, 
TThomas Wooton, Drummer. 



Thomas Campbell, Hibr. 

John Allen, Gunner. Enlisted Feb. 

2, 1777. 



OF THB BSVOLUnONABT WAB. 



358 



Matrottei. 



Biohard Henson, 
William Feirell, 
Oeoige Gimy, 
fielding Boirmm, 
BartloU Jjdlfh, 
Samnel Dnuy, 
John Lynoh, 
James Gla^ 
Hark Goldabeny, 
Barby 8pelcy, 
Timothy Conly, 
Charies MnniU, 
John Banden, 



John Bhodes, 
Chariea Groome, 
John FiUgerald, 
John Aapinwally 
Thomaa Carter, 
John Beynolda, 
James Taylor, 
John Folkes, 
JohnHeadf 
Bobert Smith, 
Ignatina Giiflhi, 
Jamea Oompton. 



LiBT or THE Offiosrs ahi) Pritatbs of Ck)L. Charlbs Harbison's 
Bkoimsnt of Artillxry, who wxrx Disoharobd and Fur- 



1780. 

Nathaniel Harwell, 


Captain. 


On fhrlongh. 


John BUir, 


lieutenant. 


do. 


—William Stevenson, 


do. 


do. 


William Pierce, 


Captain. 


do. 


Samuel Coleman, 


Lieutenant. 


Absent-siok. 


Walker Bichardson^ 


do. 


Onfhriongh. 


Lewis Booker, 


do. 


do. 


Brary Bagsdate, 


Captain. 


On fhrlough to Vliginia. 


Whitehead Coleman, 


do. 


do. 


William Meredith, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


Bobert Dandridge, 


do. 


do. 


John C. Carter, 


Ci4>tain. 


do. 


Thomas Dix, 


Lieutenant. 


do. 


William F. Gaines, 


do. 


do. 


Holland Hainey, 


do. 


do. 


Anthony Singleton, 


Captain. 


do. 


Ambrose Bohannan, 


Lieut A P.M. 


do. 


Samoel K. Bradford, 




do. 


Martin McKennon, 


Sei^geant 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


John Boach, 


Cori>ora]. 


Discharged April 10, 1780. 


George Fritts, 


Drummer. 


do. do. 


Thomas Neal, 


Matross. 


Furionghed to Virginia. 


^'~ James Chamberlain, 


do. 


do. 


Bichard Sandford, 


do. 


Disohaiged Mar. 10, 1780. 


Thomas Poleman, 


do. 


do. do. 



254 



OmOKBB AHD PUIVATIB 



Edward Lenegar, 


MatKMt. 


Fnrlonghed 


to Virginia. 


LewiA Bowdry, 


do. 


Discharged 


Mar. 10, 1780. 


Josifth Coraelins, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Beab«ii Atkinson, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Samael Sandford, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Brary WiUUmton, 


do. 


Forioughed 


to Viiginia. 


Gideon Wing, 


do. 


Deserted April 1,1780. 




do. 




Peter Springfield, 


do. 




James Hinee, 


Sergeant. 


Dischai^ April 10, 1780. 


BobertHnrty 


I>ram-mij*r. 


Fnrioughed 


to Viiginia. 


^Thomas Ptfr, 


Fifa-mijor. 


Deserted April 1, 1780. 


Chariea Kelmea, 


Sergeant. 




James Stewart, 


Gonner. 


do. 


do. 


Thomas Garter, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


WiUiamHart, 


Matrosa. 


do. 


do. 


Joseph Lock, 


Gonner. 


do. 


do. 


Bobert Belvin, 


Matrosa. 


do. 


Mar. 28,1780. 


Ds¥id Skriton, 


do. 


do 


April 10, 1780. 


John Alexander, 


do. 


do. 


Mar. 10, 1T80. 


Lewis St. John, 


Bombardier. 


do. 


do. 


Alexander Kersey, 


Matrosa. 


do. 


do. 


Benjamin Kidd, 


do. 


do. 


April 10, 1780. 


James MoDormaa, 


Qnnner. 


do. 


do. 


John Fleshner, 


Matrosa. 


do. 


do. 


Isaac Eimmey, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Samuel Sandifbr, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William Johnson, 


do. 


Furionghed 


to Maryland. 


SimnelDniry, 


do. 


Furioughed to Viiginia. 


John Lynch, 


do. 


Sick at Pluokemin. 


James Harding, 


do. 


do. 




Fielding Barrom, 


do. 


Fnrioughed 


to Virginia. 


John Eittler, 


do. 


Sick at Pluokemin. 


Christopher Stoakes 


Sergeant 


Discharged 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


James MoGariand, 


Matroaa. 


do. 


do. 


SJohn Howard, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


William Hartley, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 7,1780. 


Samnel Cross, 


Sergeant. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 


Edward Shaoklet, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Barwon Bacon, 


Corporal 


do. 


do. 


Richard Booton, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Beuben Hoghes, 


Bombaidier. 


do. 


do. 


Thomas Cross, 


Gunner. 


do. 


do. 


Thomas Chewning, 


Matroaa. 


do. 


Feb. M, 1780. 


Aaron Ball, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 7,1780. < 


Nathan Hughes, 


do. 


do. 


Jan. 10, 1780. 



OF THK lUSrOLtfrtOifAXt WAR. 



25S 



Alezftnder Childrau, ICatron. 

John "BarnB^ do* 

Biolurd Sbarwood, doi 

Thomas Alphin, do. 

Abraham Piirs»*^ do. 

Robert Smithey, do. 

fVanoia Dyer, do. 

Walter Williams, do. 

John Bnshell, do. 

Charles Gnnter, do. 

Elisha Jones, do. 

John Elmore, do. 

Charles Lorman, do. 

Samuel Dyer, do. 

Thomas Colemaiiy Bombardier. 

John Fisher, Matroae. 

Oeor^^ Walker, do. 

SiU Welch, do. 
Christopher Cawthron, Beiyeant. 

Charles Powell, do. 

Jamea Gentry, CorporaL 

Richard Croxton, Bombardier. 

William Baof han, do. 

Richard Rogers, Onnner. 

John Sneed, ?lfer. 

Zeehariah Bowles, Matrosa. 

Joaeph Clark, do. 

Jeremiah Claric, do. 

John Lyle, do. 

Charles Morgan, do. 

Charles Lyle, do. 

Thomas Barber, Sergeant. 

Roger O'Donald, Matross. 

Reuben Scott, do. 

Matthew Adams, Corporal. 

James Adams, Sergeant 



Diaohaiged Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Jan. 18, 1780. 

do. Feb. 28, 1780. 

do. Feb. 7,1780. 

do. Feb. 88, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Feb. 4,1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Feb. 88, 1780. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Fnrionghad to Virginia. 

do. 
Discharged Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. Feb. 7,1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Feb. 88, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. Jan. 10, 1780. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Furlonghed to Viiginia. 
Acting Com. Mil. Stores. 
Furloughed to Pluckemin. 
Wagoner of forage. 
Transferred to N. T. ArtUleiy. 

do. do. 



NonB.— The Maryland Artillery, under Captaina Brown and Dorsey, were 
joined to Colonel Uairison'a regiment in 1778, and contiooed to do duty in thia 
regiment to the dose of the war. These oompanies are given in a former place. 



266 



0¥B1CKBB AND PBIYATEB 



Namss and Bank of thb Fixld, Staff, and othbb ComiisBioNXD 
Officers and Privates of Col. Daniel Morgan's 11th and 
15th Virginia Regiments, incorporated, as thet stood from 
May 31, 1777, to November 80, 1778. 

Daniel Morgan, Colonel. 

Abraham Bufbrd, Ck>lonel, Arom May 
16, 1778. 

John Cropper, Lieut Colonel, from 
May 15, 1778. 

OcwtaTna B. Wallace, laeut ColoneL 
kvid Stephenson, Mijor. 

Philip Slaughter, Captain, and Pay- 
master from June 1, 1778. 

Bamnel Jones, Dent, and Paymaster. 

Albridgeton Jones, Adjutant. 



Bobert Porterfleld, lienL and Adja- 

tant. 
John Barnes, Lieot. and Qr. Master. 
Maoe Clements, Surgeon. 
Joseph Davis, do. 
John Crute, Quartermaster's Sei^L 
William Death, do. 

Charles Erskine, Sergeant-mijor. 
Thomas PoUook, do, 

Bobert Sharman, Fife-migor. 



Company No. 1, as it stood in May, 1777. 

James Calderwood, Captain. Conmaissioned January 19, 1777. 
Thomas Lucas, First-lieutenant. do. January 38, 1777. 
Thomas Burd, Second-lieutenant, do. do. 



WUliam Hood, Ensign. 


do. do. 




Elijah Bippey, Sergeant Appointed February 11, 1777. 


James Weir, do. 


do. February 20, 1777. 


William Kane, do. < 


io. May 6, 1777. 




John Foster, Drummer. 


do. March 20, 1777. 




John Shields, Fifer. 


do. May 4, 1777. 




Privates. 




Swiided 




MtOUUi 


John Brittain, Mar. 14,1777. 


Joseph Bates, 


May 8,1777. 


John Haines, do. 


George Cotton, 


April 29, 1777. 


WaiiamHoweU, Mar. 19,1777. 


John Byan, 


May 4, 1777. 


,Peter Mitchell, Mar. 20,1777. 


Bernard Gorman, 


do. 


John Dempsey, April 1, 1777. 


Thomas Sheridan, 


April 26, 1777. 


Thomas Nevines, April 94, 1777. 


Daniel Halley, 


May 4,1777. 


Daniel Bobinson, April 20, 1777. 


James Barton, 


April 27, 1777, 


John Davis, A^iM 4,1777. 


WiUiam Fiely, 


April 80, 1777. 


Thomas Neyland, April 1,1777. 


Joseph Ellerton, 


April 18, 1777. 


Matthias AbeU, Feb. 16,1777. 


John McDowell, 


Feb. 20,1777. 


Samuel King, Feb. 17,1777. 


John Doyle, 


Feb. 6, 1777. 


John McKay, Feb. 26,1777. 


James Byan, 


Feb. 28,1777. 


William Bichison, Feb. 20, 1777. 


Bichard Mudd, 


Fob. 10,1777. 


Bichard Hutchison, Mar. 29,1777. 


John Connolly, 


Feb. 14,1777. 



OF THS BEVOLUnONABY WAS. 



267 



Philip Bassett, 
WUKam Lucas, 
George Oi^by, 



Feb. 28,1777. 
Mar. 26,1777. 
April 26, 1777. 



Joseph Bimmford, 
Michael Qrew, 



Feb. 16,1777. 
May 4, 1777. 



Company No. 2, as it stood is May, 1Y77. 



CharieB GaUahne, Captain. Died 

Mmy S4, 1777. 
Joseph Dftfia, lieutenant. 



Bobert Young, Lieutenant 
Ghariea lyier, Bnaign. 



Thomas BoberaoDy 
Vhuida Langfitt, 

Biehard Manhall, 
John Quint, 

John FaireU, 



8erp $€mi 9 . 



CorporaU, 



Drum €md Fife. 

I 

Privates, 



Isaac Davis, 
Benjamin Gffi^, 
Moses WiokUflb, 
Benjamin Widdiire, 
William Suddoth, 
Terrance Conner, 
James Brower, 
Arrington WioklifliB, 
Stephen King, 
John Mattingly, 
William Qrant, 
Boger MoMahon, 
William Cotrell, 
Peter FuUam, 
James Evans, 
James Clerk, 
George White, 
Henry Dogan, 
Zephaniah Posey, 
James Ebb, 
Geoige GUmore, 
Charles Cunningham, 
John Dickerson, 
Joseph Boberts, 
Amos Spencer, 
William Bird, 



John H. Johnson, 
BobertMiUsw 



AquOla Naryel, 
Yelverton Beardon. 

Bobert Shearman. 

WniiamTrusileld, 
William Smith, 
James Thompson, 
Thomas Bryan, 
Edward Wilson, 
George Whately, 
John Bobertson, 
George Winter, 
William Henry, 
William Pope, 
Bobert Holliday, 
Bobert Clark, 
Peter Lowry, 
Duncan Cowen, 
John Armond, 
Leander Murphy, 
Thomas Skinner, 
John H. Croson, 
Samuel Guy, 
Daniel Bioh, 
James Gilbert, 
David Mason, 
John Harley, 
Francis Gray, 
Geoige Mariow. 



S58 



OFliUKBS AHD FBTVATIfiB 



COMPANT No. 8, AS IT StOOD JuNK 1, llll. 



William Johnston, Captun. 
WiUiun PoweU, lieutenant. 
Bobert Porterfield, do. 

PeytoaPoweU, 
Aiohibald Botto, 

Join IEmiib, 
Williani Fdmef^ 
Shadraok Header, 

JohnCahiU, 
Andrew Harrison, 
John Stanton, 
John Hariey, 
William Hont, 
JolmPasgoe, 
James NiohoIlB, 
NittKnaB Whit^ 
Thom» Weldi, 
Ghrtroan Fltrirmnopa, 
Thomas Organ, 
Biohard Woodham, 
Matthew Donnovan, 



John Townea, Ensign, from Nov. 

85, me. 



Serff0tuU$^ 



Ml^pdftNV* 



Privatei. 



William Oldrid, 
lOflliad Loysett 



John BEflnsB, 



John Winder, 
FranoisNlz, 
Biohard Conner, 
JohnBeavan, 
Bichard Matthews, 
John Feagan, 
Beatofl Bearieyi 
SanraelHan, 
HMiolas Loyde, 
John Martin, 
ThoDMM MUler, 
John Thomas, 
PsterBead. 



ThB ABOVS CoMPANT, as It STOOD NoVXMBtR 1, 1778. 

John Crittenden, Lieutenant 



William Johnston, Captain. 
Robert Porterileld, lieutenant, and Timothy Feely, 

Adjutant in the lif ht-hoise. 

Serg^nts, 
Peyton PoweA, | 

John Bmoe, I 

John Lyon, | 



JohnMeana, 
Shadrack Beader, 
John Godbolt, 

Samuel Sparks, 
James Thompson, 



Chrpondi, 



Prifotei. 



do. 



Miohael Loysett, 
Samuel Flaugheily, 
Arohibdd Botts. 



JohnEeams, 
JohnMoCart, 
John Harris, Drummer, 

moholas White, 
John Stanton, 



OF THE EEVOLtfrtOHABT WAB. 



288 



Miohmel McEnnoUy, 
William Bark, 
David PhiUipa, 
James Nieholaa, 
'niomaa Jeib, 
G«orgB Hanshaw, 
Qeorf^ Shabkdty, 
JobnSmitli, 
Sdwafd MaitOW, 
Jo)m MoXntttti, 
Job Jenldna, 
WaHton Htmi, 
PatarOilham, 
Biohard Addiaoii, 
John Johnson, 
IGchaelShea, 
Benjamin Bogan, 
Robert Stakes, 
James Heatly, 
Alexander Strickland, 
Joseph Fox, 
ThooMS Sheiry, 
WimamQambl^ 
Thomas Miller, 
Thomas Walsh, 
JohnBartley, 



John Thomas, 
William Campbell, 
John Bead, 
Thomas Smith, 
M&ohael DonnoTin, 
HnghQUna, 
John KahiU, 
Joseph White, 
Jaaes Lynch, 
John Halflpain, 
Patrii^ Welch, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Thomas Jones, 
Bobert Blair, 
Timothy Shain, 
Thomas Boberti, 
Biohard Ck>nnor, 
James Maloy, 
ThotnasOi^, 
John Feagan, 
Daniel Dolin, 
Biohard Woodham, 
James Bowing, 
...Bobert IGteheU^ 
John Lovell, 
William GroT«a» 
Daniel Kent. 



CoufAirr No. 4, as rr stood Juki 1, 1111 



Obaiks Porterileld, Captain. 



Ser^eanti. 
WiUitnXdmondaM^ I 

Qeoige Greenway, I 

Chrporalt. 
wattMiJ«dmM» 
Anthony Maidy, Dnunmer. | 

Prk mi$ t4 
John Heth, Cadak 
DaiddCole, 
Michael Bedman, 
John Qnaintance, 
Biohard Evans, 
John Hickey, 
Jaona 0*Bryan, 



James Danbar, 
Solomon Htspatriok. 



Dmein Meid, Fifer. 

John Boberts, 
Abraham Brewer, 
John Melons, 
Joshua HaycrofW 
William Hodge, 
Joaeph HaiTiSi 
Johni^oinn, 



360 



OFFIOEB8 AND PBIYATfB 



John Tomlin, 
WUliam Hiods, 
jinthony Madden, 
James Bomaine, 
John Holly, 
Nathaniel Harper, 
Jeremiah Connell, 
Abel Somaine, 
Christopher Buly, 
Bamnel Johna, 
George Harria, 
Moeea Plain, 
Jamea Caaaenhoiy, 
James Allenwoith, 
Robert SeTere, 
John Kelly, 



Thomas Stntherdf 
Patrick Daily, 
John Phillips, 
Lewis Stump, 
Andrew Everhart, 
Andrew Drake, 
Baptist Boaaell, 
Aaron Redman, 
John Alright, 
Wmiam AtolOaon, 
John Ooaly, 
David Pngb, 
Archibald Finley, 
Alexander Dwaadell, 
JohnC<aiett. 



Col. Morgan's Riflemen, who webb inoobporated and 
WITH Capt. Portebfield's Gompant. 



Elias Toland, Corporal 

Dai^el Davies, 
Humphrey Beoket, 
Solomon Veal, 
Christopher Dnnoan, 
Absalom Crown, 
John Anderson, 
Bichard Boonsifer, 
Edward Clevinger, 
Jacob Stomp, 



I 
PriwUei, 



Boly Jacobs, CorporaL 

WSUiamBirtktt, 
David B17, 
John Adams, 
John BoMnson, 
Samuel Middleton, 
Abraham Groves, 
John Hopewell, 
James GUes, 
William Jacobs. 



The above Company of Capt. Porterfield, as n btood Not. 

80, Ills. 
Charles Porterfield, Captidn. 
Philip Slanghtar, lieutenant, and Paymaster. 
David Williams, Lieutenant. 

SerffeanU. 

William Edmundson, 



James Dunbar, 
Tobias Bourk, 
Barnard Bogers, 

John Campbell, 



Oorporali. 
I 



Isaac ftrown, 
William Jenkins, 
John CoOctt 



Bei^amin Sutton, 



OF THE BETOLVnOHABT WAB. 



S61 



Thomas Oaines, 
Mnthony Kftdden, 
JohnPottB, 

John Wood, 
Augustas Beny, 
Clement Biohards, 
Adam Sheets, 
Thomas Hemly, 
Bowland Satton, 
James Holmes, 
Sylvester Hurly, 
Jonathan Potti, 
David Potts, 
James Noland, 
Arehihald Flnley, 
Alex. Dindell, 
Peter Barrand, 
John Tomlin, 
Jeremiah Connell, 
Nathaniel Henper, 
Edwin devenger, 
John Kelly, 
Joshua Hayoraft, 
George Wolf; 
Zaohary Batts, 
William Eoe,i>^ 
Thomas Lee, t- 
2* fc,. 



PrwaUi. 



WiBiam Gopeland, 

THUiamHogg, 

Anthony Byrom, Brommer. 

Henry Tinohman, 
John BeU, 
James Htq^erald, 
Thomaa Statherd, 
JohnCowgUl, 
Felty Fish, 
Bohert Green, 
Thomas MitoheU,^ . 
John Strickland, 
Lewis Stomp, 
Michael Morphy, 
John Phillips, 
William Elohesoo, 
William Bills, 
Daniel Collett, 
Moses Plain, 
William Hinds, 
Andrew Everhart, 
William Whiteall, 
John Dempsey, 
Aaron Bedman, 
William Beason, 
William Hicks, 



Company No. 5, as rr stood Junb 1, 1777. 
William Smith, Captain. 



Isaiah Larks, Lientenant 

SergeanU. 
Isaac Brown, 
Jonathan Owsly, 
Thomas Owsly. 

Timothy Kennedy, 
Thomas McDonald, 
David Phillips, 
Thomas Roberts, 
WiUiam Copeland, 
David Potts, 



I 



Privates. 



Thomas Thomas, Ensign. 

Corporals, 
John Brace, 
Sandall Moigan, 
Matthew Byram. 



Joseph Thornton, 
Henry Parcel, 
James M. Warren, 
Edward Holmes, 
William Whitehall, 
Edward Marlow, 



m 



OFtTCi-gpS AKD PRIVATES 



Tobiaa Bai^gh, 
iBaao Fleetwood) 
Jonatban Potto, 
Joseph Daniels, 
John Nugent, 
J<^nMoMaUao, 



Benjamin Eock, 
Gteoige Spenoer, 
John Olvaaon, 
Anthony Forrest, 
(Discharged May 21, 1777.) 



CoMPAirr No. 6, as jt btood Jfnb 1, 1711. 



Thomas BaokweU, C^tain. 
John Marshall, Ist Ltont. 



James Wii^^t, Sd limA. 
Thomw Bapadell, «d LieoL 



John ICoi^gaiiy 
Samu/eLPhillipa» 

Sdwavd Fleldhig, 
Thomas Lawler, 



Serjsfeanti. 

I 

CcrforaU. 



John Andenoo, 
Joseph Garner. . 



Thomas Byerolt, 
WilUam Snddntb. 



John Bates, Drammer. 
Prwates. 



John Lawless, 
John WilUama, 
Spenoer Edwards, 
John Lee, 
Benjamin Kepton, 
John Grant, 
Daniel Grant,, 
^ John MitoheU, 
John Laws, 
John Hasty, 
aement Hasty, 
Mach. Bobinson, 
James Ash, 
Bayles Stone, 
Biohard Harvey, 
Edward Bansdelly 



Biehard Broados, 
William ShnmaU, 
John Stranghn, 
Charles Gainer, 
John Phillips, . 
William Denniat 
Thomas Batea, 
William Heally, 
David Harris, 
Samuel EUiott, 
Charles Morgan, 
Charles Dnnoan, 
William Eeams, 
JohnCrytser, 
Simon Barry. 



Company No 7, as rr stood June 1, 1111. 



Peter Bryn Bmin, Captain. 
Geoige Calmes, 1st Lient. 



Charles MagiU, Sd lient. 
Timothy Feely, Ensign. 



James Flaherty, 
William Death« 



John Early, 
Daniel Carson. 



James Dowdle, Cadet. 



OF THB BBVOLUnONABT WAS. 



903 



Prwatei. 



Benjamin Bogan,, 
'WiUiam Burk, 
John Bartley, 
Job Jenkins, 
Bobert BUir, 
John Halfpenny, 
Jamee Beetlj, 
Bichard Addison^ 
Curtis HUl, 
James Bowen, 
George Hsndiduni% 
John Kearij, 
James MoUojy 
John Bark, 
JohnCarej, 
John Campbell, 
Dennis Jarrel, 
WilUam Gamble, 
Hugh Glass, 
William Legget) 
John Cromm, 
William Caatle, 
Christian Bo<my, 
Michael MoAnaUy, 



Aaron Paul, 
Bobert Stokee, 
Timothy Shehan, 
Michael Shoe, 
Samnel Sparks, 
John Skerry, 
€koige Sheokehjf 
James Thompson, 
Josei^ White, 
Charles Wiltshire 
TbomM JejBb, 
John Johnston, 
John Meade, 
John Lovell, 
William Grores, 
Bichard Black, 
John McGaiie, 
Samnel Glynn, 
James Davis, 
Mathew Bevins, 
JameaTalmao, 
Joseph Vanoe, 
Feter Kaiiand, 
John Lyon. 



Co^Ainr No. 8, ab if stood Not. 80, 1778. 
Thomas Wills, Csptain. | Luke Cannon, Lieutenaat* 



Henry Fmdon, 
William Tiabiie, 

Benjamin Books, 
Bradford Cox, 

Thomas Gale, 

Cornelias Bind, 
Joshaa Perkins, 
Samuel Moifiey, 
Benjamin Ash, 
Dsniel Jones, 
Charles MoBntire, 






I John Moifr^. 



Drum and Fife. 

I 

PritaieB, 



Charles Broadileld. 

Mnrdock McEinsey 
John Edwards, 
Bichard Johnson, 
James Casey, 
David Tamer, 
Obadiah BoUook, 



264 



0FFE0BB8 AND PBIVATES 



William Morm, 
Jease Kelly, 
Aaron Woosley, 
John Ereratt, 
William Boee, 
Bobert IMaon, 
Walter Sand, 
Daniel Goii; 
AJeiander Soario<d^ 
Borwell Flood, 
John Morria, 
William Creaton, 
Claibome Andrews, 
John Gonnant, 



George Blankenlhip, 
laham Qrow, 
William Beloher, 
James Crook, 
Lawrenoe Ward, 
John Toles, 
Williftm Gay, 
Charles Iinoas, 
Joseph Handlej, 
Stephen I>7Bon, 
Peter Maginnis, 
Daniel Mnllan, 
James Walden, 
Bartholomew Cjna. 



COMPANT No. 9, AS IT STOOD NOT. 80, l778. 



George lUoe, Captain. 
James Wright, 1st lient. 

David Parker, 
William Davis, 

Benjamin Wiokliflis, 
William Waller, 
John Paikson, Fifbr. 
Joseph MoMshon, do. 

Geoige MoMahon, 
William Henry, 
WUliam CottreU, 
John Bolden, 
William Lewis, 
John Mathews, 
John Critohfield, 
Thomss Shores, 
Thomas Shivers, 
James Evans, 
Geoige Winter, 
Samnel Gay, 
Bobert Holliday, 
Michael Malone, 
Charles Canninghsm, 
Leander Murphy, 



I John Barnes, 2d Lieut, and Qr. Mr. 
I mohaid Marshall, Sei^'tMi^. 



Serjeants. 



OcrpordU. 



Pfivakt, 



Aqnilla Nanrell. 



Henry Shangh, 

John Ferrill, Dmmmer. 

John Welch, do. 



William Cole, 
Terrance Conner, 
Thomas Biyan, 
John Melvin, 
John Mattingly, 
Moses WickUffe, 
William SnddoUi, 
James Brown, 
James Parks, 
William Gibbs, 
Philip Freeman, 
John Midson, 
Henry Clung, 
William Grant, 
John Armond, 
James Thompson, 



OF ran KBvoLxmosAxr wab. 



265 



Bobflrt Yojmgf 
Ptniel Rich, 
Henry Dogan, 
Zephaniah Poeey, 
James Clark, 
Matthew Martin, 
John Svsm, 
Joseph StlUwen, 
Amos Spencer, 
Thomas Ashley, 
Thomas Parsons, 



John Sfeephans, 
James Lack, 
£noe Lyon, 
Thomas Cmmley, 
George White, 
Benjamin Gray, 
Edward Wilson, 
John Quint, 
Peter Fullam, 
Francis Gray. 



CoMPAHT No 10, AS IT STOOD Nov. 80, 1778. 
Samael Booker, Captain. ) Lawrenoe Batler, Lientanant. 

Ser^eanta. 
^D«ni«lVaai«r, | WilliamCock. 

Chrparaii. 
James RyaUs, ] Samnel Byalls. 

John Lewis, Dnunmer. 



Privates. 



' Joel Yasser, 
James Hinds, 
Lewis Pogh, 
Thomas ^idgeman, 
Littleton Gaskins, 
John Spenoe, 
Levin Clark, 
Joshna Hundly, 
Benoni Lipscomb, 
Bennet McGery, 
Andrew Pable, 
Joseph Bobison, 
John Dunaway, 
Matthew Webb, 
John Brawner, 
John McKinsey, 
WilKam Buford, 
John Tinoiy, 
Henrjr Bird, 
MoU Wilday, 
Henry Spenoe, 
Israel Singleton, 
Abraham Davis, 



Elisha Wyatt, 
Beig. Bartlett, 
John Algood, 
Isaac Proctor, 
John Eem, 
Jesse Gaskins, 
William Jeffrace, 
Matthew Jackson, 
Elijah Blandell, 
John Parris, 
Joseph Singleton, 
John Lawrence, 
James Fnuder, 
John Webb, 
William Cartifls, 
William Sebra, 
John Kelson, 
Jeffrey Palmer, 
Charles Edwards, 
John Deny, 
Peter Howard, 
James Spenoe, 
Robert Ord. 



12 






OVF1GBB8 AHD PBTTAIBB 



OoMPAirr No, 11, as it stood Nov. 80, lIlB, 

James Onj, Captain. 
Samael Jones, Dent and Paymaster. ( Thomas Davis, Enugn. 



Bobeit Graddoflk, 
WUlis Wilson, 
SpTstley Simmons, 

Mioi^H<^ 
Benjamin Snblett, 

James Cnrtis, 

Henry Craddook, 
WiUiamNeaL, 
James Leagae, 
Lewis Story, 
Morning Lipsoomb, 
John Speed, 
Anthony P. Walter, 
Jerry Basham, 
Edmund Clements^ 
Jerry Bentley, 
Ctoorge Belober, 
Edward Beloher, 
Edmund Absalom,. 
Kirby Portia, 
Francis Smith, 
Jesse Bryant, 
David Maiden, 
Biohard Day, 
Joseph Oovender, 
Kobert Bolcher, 
Thomas Lipsoomb, 
William Jenkins, 
John Barker, 
Wil&m Woosley, 
William Madison, 
Daniel Story, 



Serjeants. 



Cbrporait. 



Bioluson Boc^Esr, 
HeniyTillar. 



Thomas Tk«nt. 



Drum and F^ 

r 

PfivaUB. 



Thomas Weotfaerfy. 

Bartlett Hohnes, 
ThomaaPopSy 
Asa Cawley, 
John NunnaOy, 
George LoveU^ 
Moore Lumpkin, 
Biehard Taylor, 
Moses Woosley^ 
Stephen Staoey, 
Stephen Freeman, 
Benjamin Newton^ 
John Ghaffln, 
Isham Whitt, 
Joseph Whitaker, 
laaao Morris, 
Bobert White, 
Bobert Harrison^ 
Caleb mu, 
William Shett, 
John Quinn, 
Bobert Mush, 
David Evans, 
Jesse Hall, 
John Redwood, 
Bandall Beese, 
Edmund Massey. 



Company No. 12, as it btood Nov. 30, 1778^ 

Thomas Holt, Tiienfcsaant. 



John Gregory, Captain. 
David Mason, do. 



I 



OV IBB rnKVOUOTKOKAmr WAB. 



967 



BunraUWIUn, 
Jacob Pfein, 
lahamFdto, 
Lewis Beit, 

Joseph ^WB, 
Thomas Goodmrn, 
Beraard Wilkinson, 
John HendeiBon 



Thomas Butter, 
William Pearoe, 

JohnPearoe, 
William Qreen, 
John Cleveland, 
Ben. Wharton, 
Chris. James, 
Fennel Baker, 
John Early, 
Stephen Tomer, 
William Tomlinson, 
John MoKenny, 
Jerry Ingram, 
John Williams, 
Kichaal Booth, 
Hart. Barham, 
John Hunter, 
Jesse Kirkland, 
James Dick, 
Thomas Wilkerson, 
William Whaley, 
Michael Upchnroh, 



8$tjl60MUt 



CorpofQU. 



DrWMMTB, 



PfivaUt, 



WilHamPTyor, 
George Hant, 
John Walters. 



John Slate, 
PatridE Ljnch, 
John NewelL 



DsTid Maiignm, 
Edmnnd Edwards, Fiftr. 

JohnSoden, 
JsmesOsst, 
SoL Einsey, 
Henry Williams, 
David Dnnn, 
Jesse Nichols, 
Matthew Russell, 
Geoi^ Sossell, 
Bmry Tompkins, 
Biohard Edmonds, 
WiliiamAon Simmons, 
Jsmes Simmons, 
William Ward, 
John Singleton, 
Bei^min Matthews, 
Peter Lynch, 
Job Gaskins, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Tarlton Oldmond, 
John Toder. 



Ldbut. Col. John Oroppxr's Cohpant of Col. Morgan's Rboi- 

MENT, ATTAOHED TO GbNSBAL WoODFOBD*S BrIOADE, AS IT STOOD 
NOVKMBBR 30, 1778. 



John Cn^>per, Lient. CdoneL 
John Marshall, Ci^>tain. On fhrloogh. 



Thomas Bansdell, flrst-lieotenant. 
John Townes, Second-lieotenant. 



968 



SuawAPhSmf^ 




HiomM T ■wiWy 




WUlUmOnc, 


John AadeiMO.. 


Carparali. 


Edwaid FUldiog, 


Bobert Watterson, 




Simoo Batt, 


J«iiiMD«ifl»7^ 




PfivaUi. 




George Bose, 


KedarDobhs, 


Henry Simmons, 


WtUkm Bokad, 


Biduvd Hanrvy, 


TfaMtby W094, 


JohsPfaiUipa, 


James BaUey, 


John Pagg, 


Jesse Jones, 


John Lee, 


GeoigeLong, 


William Hardy, 


John Hnftnan, 


David Harris, 


Abden Duff, 


Joshua Stafford, 


WnUam Healy, 


Adam Cormack, 


Alexander Synalds, 


Levi Whitehorst, 


Biohard Broados, 


John Bibbey, 


William ShniAate, 


George Sampson, 


William Dolbey, 


Thomas Banks, 


Henry Matthias, 


Joseph Carter, 


Matthew MoDoogle, 


Seth Williams, 


Joseph Davis, 


Isaiah Symes, 


HoDiday Rival, 


Daniel Haily, 


Howell Underhill, 


Abraham Hill, 


Alexander Campbell, 


Nathan Millington^ 


William Levoreage, 


John Lawless, 


Charles Dann, 


John Ore, 


William Creamore, 


John Mitchell, 


John Hastey, 


JohnCrytser, 


John Laws, 


Samael Elliott, 


William Keams, 


Wtniam Flora. 



GoL. Morgan's Gompavibs ov RnrunoH, as thkt wbri ikoobpo- 

RATSD, AND AS THST STOOD JuNK 1, 1777. 



Gabriel Long, Captain. 
^ Philip Slaughter, Lieutenanfc. 



James Harrison, Lientenaat 
Banben Long, Enaign. 



OF 



Corporals. 



John Oftmpbelli 

Evans Long, 
JohnHarriBon, 
John Wood, 
AngMtiM BMty,' 
Jamm Hoobmb,^^ 



PrtMrfw. 



Thomas Csrrier, 
Ssmnel MoCnrUe, 
George Wolf, 
Bowknd Sutton, 
Benjamin Sutton, 
Clark Wise, 
BobertQreen, 
James Ndand, 
JohnCowgiU, 
Isaiah CorliOny 
William Tkndy, 

Capx» SHsnnBB's RnrunoBK, Juvb 1, l?Yt. 
Bert Hogtod, Seigeant. 

PrivaUi. 

Biohard Evans, i FeltyFritl^ 

Thomas Mitoh^ | Adam Bheeti. 

Capt. Wsst's Oompakt of RnxBMiN, JuNS 1, 1*1*!*!. 
WiDiam Dayis, Seigeant. 



DMiiel Hartiej, 
Kl^oUsLoBg. 

William Roe, 
Thomas Gaines, 
Antibony Gamett, 
wilHaiB HoweH, 
Vlneent HoweU, 
Boiren noore, 
^Thomas Wright, '^ 
John Thomas, 
Jesse WUhita, 
James Harris, 
9 Jaoob Smithy 
Isaac Miller, 
Henry Holdway, 
WUUaMLoyd, 
James WUson, 
Fi4cMcHacriMiiu 



Henry Tinohman, 
Gkneai BIsiiaids, 
James Bryan, 



Martin Murphy, 
Paniel Wiffiams^ 
Joeeph Sampson. 



Capt. Brady's Bifli Gompakt, Jukb 1^ 1777, 
John Barnes, Ensign. 
Ser^eagUf. 



Bobert Bankin, 

William Cole, 
William Lewis, 
Charles Bealer, 
MiAhaelMalone, 



Privates, 



JohnBnrrias. 

John Evans, 
John Bolden, 
John Striokland, 
Bobert Stelds. 



370 



OmOBBS AHD FXIYAnB 



Names and Bahk or the Fdeij>, Statf, and othsb Commis- 

BIONKD OmOBBS AND PrTVATES OF GoLONEL ALEXANDER SpOTTS- 

wood's 2d Virginia Rboimbiit, as it stood from January to 
June, 1777. 



Alexander Spottswood, OoloneL 
Bichard Parker, Lieat OoloneL 
Benjamin Daj, A4jiitaat 
Ambrose Madiaon, Pajmaster. 
Bobert Bell, Qnartermaaler. 



Bobert Andrewa, explain. 
John Markham, Major, 
James Wallaoe, Soigeon. 
WilUam Graham, Sugeoii'a 



CoMPANT No. 1, ab rr stood March 1, 1777. 

Boiler Claibome, Captain. 
John Wonham, First-lienteflint | John Eennon, Second-lieutenant. 

Serjeants. 

JobnCSole, 



George Barrongfaa, 
Joseph Crook, 
Lorell Harrison, Corporal. 

Bichard Bonner, 
Bowland Ejirkland, 
Isham Browder, 
John Stacy, 
John Parker, 
Frederick Toong, 
Beape Mitchell, 
Alexander Eear, 



I 
Privata. 



John Crawibrd. 
Patrick CHara, Drommer. 

JameaTeafee, 
Henry Barker, 
Barney Sykes, 
Joseph Harrison, 
Thomas Fisher, 
Frederick Hobbs, 
James Gordon, 
Frederick Hobbs. 



Company No. 2, as r stood March 1, 1777. 

Morgan Alexander, C^^ain. t Thomas Catlett, Sd lisqt. 

Marquis Calmes, 1st Lieut. | Daniel Bagin, Ensign. 

Sergeanii. 



Bichard Patridge, 
Patrick Hagerty, 

John McCullook, 
Ledfbrd Puller, 



Vaughn Jump, 
John Ashby, 



Uofpofws, 



Privata. 

I 



John Thompson, 
Thomas Trapp. 

Heniy Parrish, 
PhUip Bagin. 



Priesly Loyen, 
Ephraim Doughrah, 



OF THB BEVOLirnONABT WAS. 



371 



Moses Baaer, 
Aaron O^Bannon, 
Samuel Trivet, 
Alexander Keith, 
George Blaokmore, 
Joseph Drinker, 
Michael Monohon, 
Thomas Bishop, 
James Oastowaj, 
Moses Johnson, 
BriceBafin, 
Staey Wilson, 
.Jphn Bowen, 
AdamByas, 
William Ckde, 
John Breedlove, 
Daniel MdGowan, 
3>onard JohaaeK, 
Thomas Simmonii 



Arthur Fenton, 
Francis Nichols, 
John Corking, 
John Oassaway, 
John Reid, 
James Brown, 
Jesse Bailee, 
John Brent, 
James Thomai^ 
Jerenuah Harrigan, 
William Beed, 
Solomon Bishop^ 
WUnam Dollar, 
William MoKentree, 
George Smith, 
Thomas Blaokmore^ 
Jaooh Antin, 
CkariesBoaflL 



CoMPAinr No. S, ab it svood Maboh 1, l7fY. 



Brerard Meade, Capitain. i 

Wood Jones, 1st lienL J 

Sergeants. 



John Ogilbj,8d Lieut. 
Henry Moss, Ensign. 



Woodlief Thomas, 
Bobeit Jones, 






Francis Mallory, 
MUesGibbs. 


WilTiam Porter, 
Borwell JwAEam, 


Oorporali. 

1 

PrimtM. 


John Forter. 


Philip Dnnnavant, 
Leonard Duma^mit, 
dlaibome Dnnnavant, 
fidwardGibbs, 






J«hn Sadler, 
Beuben Compton, 
William Garrett, 
Thomas Belcher, 


WiUiam Maiden, 
8hednwk Clay, 






James Seay, 
Edward Booker, 


Solomon Clay, 
Heaekiah Seay, 
Joeiali Lossy, 
Jaoob Davis, 
Joseph Boaoh, 
Thomas Webster, 






Jaby DestoB, 
Joshua Worsham, 
Thomas Elmore, 
Jaoob Belcher, 
Archibald Oompton, 
John Tucker, 


baaoBeleber, 






Thomas Bowers, 



S7S 



OfHOEBB ASD fSIYAZB^ 



Samuel Hunt, 
Thomas BobeitBOD, 
Sichard Aldenon, 
John SpmiMur, 
Thomas Brooks, 
Oooige Deaton, 
Edward Belcher, 
Joshua Hood, 
Bobert Mann, 
Sichard Wray 
Bobert Bradshaw, 
John Hood, 
Barnard Boberta, 
Henry Wonham, 

^^ George Vasser, 
James Chappel), 
Joel Shelton, 

Joseph Stubbs, Drummer. 



I 



Herod Qlbbs, 
Oeoige Moody, 
Peter Dyer, 
Bobert FergnsoD, 
Thomas Burton, 
James T. Carr, 
Joel Beloher, 
William Belofaer, 
Jose^ EsiEridge, 
Joseph PoUard, 
James Taylor, 
Nathan DavieSy 
John Caveuder, 
Obediah Hubbard, 
Edward Hobeon, 
John CoBsens, 
Shedraok Lussy. 
Thomas Ifanafleia, Kftr 



COMPANT No, 4y AS IT STOOD ApRH. 30, 1777. 

Thomas Tebbs, Captain. 

Peyton Harrison, Lieutenant. CommmsioBed February S5| 1777» 

Valentine Harrison, Lieutenant. 

Erasmus Gill^ appointed Sergeant Aug. 28, 1776, and Ensign Not. 28, 177fw 



John Hall, 




1 




Simon Horn, 


1 

Corporah. 




Levy Talbert, 


1 


AdamG«ff, 


James DoUar, 


Alex. Smith, Drummer. 




Privates. 




Henry Palmer, 






JameaFarron, 


William Eniott, 






William Denny, 


George Williams, 






Bichard Bradley, 


John CcK, 






Thomas Hughea, 


William Bhodes, 






Evan Thomas, 


James Dawson, 






Thomas Pennell, 


John Price, 






Samuel Dunlap^ 


Biohard Price, 






Thomas Splaune, 


Charles Land, 






Cattesly Farron, 


Thomas Hoatherly, 






Henry Bush, 


James Hardy, 






John Carroll, 


Bobert Preston, 






Bobert MoWUliama, 



ouoaoi 



'VHB. 



Frauds Drishell, 
Adonyah DavidflODt 
Philip Oofl; 
William Haller, 
John Waraer, 
John Hildnip, 
Patrick MotTaff, 
James Kld4, 
JoteSaardoBy 
JohnDvnlap, 
Elijah Hoiwoodi 



COMVAVT ¥o. 5y 18 IT 0TOOD 

George Nicholas, Kjjor. l 

John Holder, Lieateoimt | 

Serffevnts. 
Jerea^ Parker, 
NatharialBo h MtiWi^ 



James DuTlin, 
William Dawhin, 
John MoKenaej, 
Bichard Fryer, 
William Harris, 
William Mclntoah, 
William Cannaiy, 
Thomaa CoBner, 
John ftaondeiB, 
William Farreir, 
JohaOaddeU, 
Thonaa Forbes. 

Aful 1, iWt. 

Samuel Cobbs, lientenant. 



Bichard OlaJboina, 
JohaBarina, 



James Hix, 
Frsneia MerrymaD, 

John Cbikfreaa, 
VJesse Bowiing, 
Nathan Gemmela, 
Jacob Seaj, 
Jamea Harper, 
BobertLowe, 
William Booton, 
James Bobertsoo, 
Thomas Menyman, 
Bobert Diokerson, 
Henry Claiborne, 
James Slate, 
William DiBon, 



Oorparalt. 

I 

PriimUs. 



Biohard Jenkins. 



Jamea Morgan, 
William Waters, 
David Harfleld, 
Uriah Coulter, 
Henry Hiz, 
Zeohariah King, 
William Jonea, 
George Williama, 
John Moss, 
James Strother, 
Peter Dean, 
Dudley BaUard, 
WaUam Woody. 



COMPANT No. 8, A8 IT 0TQ9D ApRIL 1, 1111, 

Frands Taylor, Cftptain. i Francis Cowherd, Seoond-iidiiteoant 

William Taylor, First-lieatenant | Jamea Barton, Ensign. 

Serjeants, 
Samuel Clayton, I James Welch, 

James Broados, | Bobert Dawsoii. 

12* 



374 



AHD FBITAnBB 



James Quin, I Thomas Sheltoo, 

Evan Bramham, | John Boam. 

Jeremiah Coz, Dnimmtr. 



PrivaU$. 



AohlUea Foster, 
Henry Buasell, 
George Brooks, 
BanadeU Abbott, 
William Medley, 
William Ward, 
Thomas McClenahan, 
Bobert White, 
Andrew Harrison, 
Stephen Ham, 
Elijah Deer, 
Leonard Sale, 
John Almand, 
Qerard MorUm, 
^^isha Hawkins, 
Bobert Chandler, 
James Brown, 
John Chowning, 
John Gillodc, 
Samuel Warren, 
William Morris, 
Joseph Thomas, 
James Long, 
Henry Bamett, 
Tomer Thompson, 



Jos^ Henrey, 
Shedraok HiU, 
Bei^amin BawBon, 
Tliomas Monii, 
JohnHnnet^ 
Thombeny BowUuf^ 
James Dearing, 
Tliomas Breedlove, 
Jaoob Borrows, 
BlishaEstes, 
Perry Patterson, 
William Davis, 
Homphrey Shay, 
William Martin, 
John Snow, 
Thomas Flennan, 
Lewis Pines, 
Joel Foster, 
James Jackson, 
Thomas Ballard, 
James Beadey, 
William Tomer, 
Edward Broados, 
James Gibbons, 
John Johnson. 



COMPAHT No. f , AS IT STOOD MaBOH 1, If 7t. 

William Sanford, Captain. . Joseph Archer, Lieotenant 

Alexander Parker, Lieotenant. I Thomas Parker, Ensign. 



William Eskridge, 
James Sanford, 



Jesse Brewer, 

George Williams, 
William Chilton, 
Daniel MoChinney, 



I 
Privates, 



Presley Sanders, 
Richard Sanibrd. 



Joseph Smith. 

Bowly Harris, 
Tarpley Nash, 
Henry ChiltOD, 



OF THB KtrcixrnoaAxr wab. 



976 



John Andenton, 
William Silence, 
John Oftre, 
Bobeit Sisaon, 
Biohard Murry, 
John Dnnnaway, 
Vinoent MoEinney, 
George Davis, 
William Hudson, 
Fran<ns Moore, 
William Hohnes, 



John Holmes, 
John White, 
John Jaokson, 
Griffy Matthias, 
George Allison, 
WiUiam Marshall, 
William Gowden, 
John Marvel, 
James Johnson, 
GeoigeHill, 
BeadHatt. 



COMPANT No. 8, AS FT STOOD JwJt 1, l7t7. 

Samaei Hawes, Osptain. 
nomas Jones, Fint-lientenant. | James Upshnr, Seoond-UentMnnt. 



Thomas Downer, 
Michael Long, 

Jeremiah Long, 
James Cronoher, 

Thomas Bamsey, 
Sylvester Hnghes, 
Virgil Poe, 
John Vanghn, 
Jesse Poe, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Bichard Key, 
John Snllinger, 
iUohard Chewning, 
John Yarboro*, 
Thomas Livingston, 
Beaben Allen, 
Willism GrifBn, 
John Carter, 
Willender Biddle, 
Bichard Bidle, 
Obadiah Garter, 
Bosh Hadson, 
Benjamin Bobertson, 
William Davis, 
Humphrey Davis^ 
Andrew^ lAug, 



ChrporaU. 



PriwUes, 



Thomas Psrker, 
John Gravatt. 



Samuel BontweD, 
George Mnse. 

George Mnrran, 
Charles Brown, 
Samuel Ti^lor, 
Francis Golman, 
James Baxter, 
Cager Chapman, 
Mark Bowler, 
Benjamin Hemdon, 
James Saorey, 
Isaac Sacrey, 
John V. Smith, 
Harden Tuning, 
George Marshall, 
Claybom Dnrret, 
Joseph Flipper, 
Landon Carter, 
Jesse Woodruff^ 
Presley Cox, 
William Marshall, 
William Carter, 
William Coates, 
WiUiam Scandie. 



276 



CNPFiaB9B Ain> FBiYATlB 



Namxs and Rank of thb Field, Staff, and othkr Gommissionxd 
Officers, and thb Privates of the Sd Virginia RsoniBirr, 

COMMANDED BT LlEUT. CoL. WiLLIAM HeTH, AS IT STOOD FROM 

September, 1777, to Mat, 1778. 



Thomas MAnhaU, Colonel. 
William Heth, Lieut. Colonel, from 

April 1, 1777. 
Chas.West, Mi^or, fh>m FeK 1, 1777. 
John Hawkins, Adjutant. 
William Moun^oy, Paymaster. 
Hexekiah Tamer, do. 

James Hansbrongh, Qnartermtrtw. 
Thomas Lawler, d». 



DaTid Griffith, Chaplain. 
David Griffith, Surgeon. 
Charles Land, Surgeon's Mate. 
James Primm, Qr. Mr.'s SeigesBL 
Charies Whiteman, do. 
Arthur Xind, Sergeant-nugor. 
Bichard Beal, do. 

Xdward Harris, Dram-migor. 
Dndel MoOsrtj, Filb-mi^or. 



Company No. 1, as it stood Feb. 1, 1778» 



John F. Meroer, Capiani. 



James Prim, 
Geoige Jones, 
George Patten, 

Thomas Burris, 
Bum Harris, 
William Oliver, 

Samuel Young, 
Charles Lambert, 
James Holliday, 
William Bland, 
John Tate, 
John Ethrington, sen., 
John Ethrington, Jan., 
Edward MoGinnis, 
James Templar, 
John Bridges, 
Malleroy Adams, 
James -Keams, 
Thomas Moss, 
Michael Eogers, 
George Collop, 
James Sbepard, 



BergeanU. 



CorpordU. 



Prwates. 



Jeremiah Thindall, 
Daniel James, 
J<^m£ing. 

David Prioe, 
JohnBogers, 
John NiohoIsoD. 



Aaron Beynolds, 
James Lee, 
Bobert Bum, 
William Spender, 
Francis Hughes, 
William Southerland, 
William Sagars, 
Daniel Mathews, 
John Soott, 
John Wells, 
John Ayres, 
John Thrailkill, 
George Armstrong, 
William Posey, 
George Smith, 
Bobert Alvey, 



OF THE BITOLUTIOMABT WAR. 



2T7 



CoMPANT No. 2, AS ir STOOD Maroh 1, Ills. 



Bsrid AxraU, obtain. 

TfaonMsCUak, 

WOliam Wright, , 
James Orimet, 

JolmBaftM, 



I 
Serjeants. 

I 
Corporals. 



Arthnr lind, EDsign. 
Gfoiye Oordon. 
Ptal Tanner. 



Drum and Fife. 



I 
Privatei. 



John Salter, 
Benjamin MoFariand, 
William SotlerBi 
George Johns, 
James AlverBon, 
Geoige Joflirey, 
John Mnnroe, 
WUIiam WUUams, 
John Kelshaw, 
John Athineon, 
Andxew Monroe, 
William Kent, 
Denida Shea, 
Dennis McGnhre, 
Bobert Godfrey, 
Sobert Bowling, 
William Gihbs WaUaoe, 



Abraham Hammen^* 

John Brewers, 
Samuel Mason, 
Daniel Hayley, 
John Lawler, 
Daniel Wright, 
James Dnkins, 
^ Thomas Beed, 
Joseph Bowen, 
Bobert Allen, 
William RusseU, 
Thomas Holland, 
William Bryant, 
James WUkes, 
An^^w Alexander, 
Miohael Drake, 
Arthnr Stephenson, 
WiUiam Williamson. 



COMPAKT No. 3, AS IT STOOD MaB€H 1, l778. 



' iTalentine Peyton, Captain. 
Isham Keith, Lieatenant. 
Hick Crosby, Sergeant. 

Thomas Bntherford, 
John Goley, 

McBector, 

Samnel Cox, 
James White, 
Bichard Sheerer, 
William Elsmore, 
Alexander Patten, 



Privates, 



William Gimber, Corporal. 
Walter Young, Kfer. 
William Bell, Drummer. 

Geoige Gully, 
Thomas Fox, 
John Coppage, 
James Fleming, 
William Jones, 
Edward Riley, 
Charles Barker, 
Jaoob Pool, 



278 



OFFIOESS AND FUVAIBB 



JeremUh SUoey, 
John King, 
Nftt Coleman, 
Moses Elmore, 
John Felkins, 
Wiliitm DogADi, 



JeeseRoee, 
William King, 
Nat. Laoey, 
John Haddocks, 
Christian Bam, 
John Hastings. 



Company No. 4, as it stood Apul 1, 1778. 



John HaokweU, Captain. 
Joaeph BiaokweU, lientenaot. 
William Moore, Ensign. 



Eobert MoMioken, 
ThomM MoClain, 
James TofheU, 
John Thomaa, 
William MoObtt, 
William Bndford, 
Stephen Tomlin, 
^Bamuel Madden, 
Daniel Dennington, 
William Davis, 
William BaUey, 
Conner MoGnira, 
William Tnrvey, 
John Wilkinson, 
Monis Blenningham, 



Pnvotet. 



William Bawont, SeigeanL 
Moses Allen, Corporsl. 



John Walker, 
Jonathan Crook, 
Benjamin Hamriok, 
John Walton, 
George Bossell, 
William Davidaoiiy 
Bobert Doyle, 
JohnLegg, 
Bobert Wood, 
John Biley, 
James Mitohell, 
Thomas Oliver, 
Henry Garrett, 
Geoige Cowling, 
Peter Dearon. 



COMPAKT No. 5, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



Bobert Powell, Captain. 
James Davis, lientenant. 
Beverly Boy, Ensign. 



Privates. 



John Miller, 
Bichard Lee, 
Charles Blander, 
Biohard Jones, the taller, 
Bichard Jones, the less, 
Thomas Brown, 
Joseph Team, 



Thomas Keane, Sergeant 
James Armstrong, CorporaL 



WiUiam Feris, 
Archibald MitcheU,. 
John Salter, 
Lystra Vaaghn, 
William Breedlove, 
Beaben Artbar, 
Thomas Rice. 



OF THE RKVOLUnONARY WAB. 



279 



COMPAKT No. 6, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



Benben Brisooe, Captain. 
ThomM HoDgerfordf laeafc. 

John Hinee, 
WIttiMn OoUiiM, 
I)iiii«l PfesUm, 
PhiL Conner, 



PrivaUt. 



Thornton Taylor, Ensign. 
John Ebmore, Seigeant. 

Miohael Linton, 
Aug. McDonald, 
John Thompson. 



Mm did^ujHT^ from tkii Company. 



Peter Benham, Seigeant 
\ Lander, do. 

Bren Thomas, 
Andrew Baoe, 
Charles l^ler, 
George May, 
James Murray, 



Frivatei. 



John Sidebottom, CorporaL 
John Moreland, do. 

William Bmton, 
William Adams, 
Sebastian Lush, 
James MoKinnie. 



COMPANT No. 7, AS IT STOOD APRIL 1, 1778. 



John Peyton, Captain. 
John Tbbbs, Lientenant. 

James Coates, 
Lnke Brady, 
John Wood, 
William Lent, 
William Baily, 
William Connerd, 



Privates. 



Henry Mioon, ] 
John Copin, Sergeant. 

John Mathews, 
John Towers, 
Lewis Marphy, 
Zealy Colbert, 
Jonathan Williams, 
Henry Garvey. 



Discharged Men, 
William Matthews, Sergeant. | John Collins, Sergeant. 

COMFANT No. 8, AS IT STOOD F«B. 14, 1778. 
Philip Kchard F. Lee, Captain. | Samuel Love, Sergeant. 



Bei\jamin Tinnel, Lieutenant 

Henry Webb, 
William Thurman, 
Patrick Dorothy, 
John Young, 



Privates, 



John Athey, CorporaL 

John Bussell, 
Peter Larru, 
Obadiah Philbert, 
John Norman, 



280 omosBS and pbiyatbb 

WilljAm Oroyes, | John Alva, 

Fnnois KendiO], j Jokn TUlii, 

George FLorenoe, I Abrahiun Line. 



Names and Bank of the Fiku), Staff, and otBxs ComaBsiONKD 
Offiobrb or Col. John Gibson's Dstaohmbnt, who abbykd ih 
THE Western Department, from January 1, 1*780, to Decem- 
ber 6, 1781, THE TIME lOI 8IJBtETffl>Emi> THE COMMAND OF THAT 
DEPARTMENT TO BrIO. OeN. WiLUAM IrVINE, WITH A Ll9T OF 

THE Resigned, DisoHARaED, and Dead for the whous Tmat f 

John Gibson, Colonel. 

Biohard Taylor, M^or. 

Jacob Colman, Ensign and Adjutant, and lieutenant and A4ji^«i^ ffom Deo. 

1, 1780. 
Joftiah TannehiU, Ensign, Fftymaster, and Gothier ; and lientenant, FHqanister, 

and Clothier, ft-om January 1, 1781. 
Henry Dawson, Ensign and Quartennaster, and lieutenant and Quartennaster, 

from February 22, 1780. 
David Holmes, Surgeon. 
John Knight, Burgeon's Mate. 
Thomas Woods, Sergeant-mi^. 
James Lane, Quartermaster's Sergeant. 
John Bmith, Drum-major. 
William Cozon, Fife-migor. 
Lewis Thomas, Lieutenant. On detached service. 
Lawrence Harrison, do. do. 

William Conner, Ensign. do. 

John Beck, Ensign. On detached service. Promoted to Lieutenant Mar. 1, 1780. 
Uriah Springer, Captain. 



Benjamin Biggs, do. 






Bobert Beall, Captain. 


Beaigned 


December 81, 1780. 


Robert Vance, do. 


do. 


do. 


George Berry, do. 


do. 


do. 


Ephraim Belph, lieutenant, do. 


February 16, 1780. 


John Dent, do. 


do. 


November 20, 1780. 


Thomas HoUiday, Sergeant. 


Discharged March 7, 1780. 


William Dowell, do. 


do. 


March 1, 1780. 


Henry Bowen, do. 


do. 


January 1, 1780. 


Thomas Everett, do. 


do. 


November 1, 1780. 


John Hays, do. 


do. 


April 10, 1780. 


Benjamin Goodwin, do. 


do. 


March 18, 1780. 



OF THK jaCVOLXmWjLST WAB. 



281 



John Chambera, Sergeant. Dieohaiged Miffoh 1, 1780. 


Joseph Lemasten, do. 


do. do. 




William Jenkine, do. 


do. do. 




Caleb Hale, 


do. 


do. do. 




Thonuta Chamben, do. 


do. Ootober 14, 1780. 




Privaies. 










IHMkw0$4 


Jamea KoEioney, 


Kar. 1,1780. 




Jnoa 2,1789. 


Beigamin Dane, 


do. 


Thwnaa Bobinson, 


Oat. 28,178^ 


William GiUaapy, 


do. 


John Woods, 


40. 


Edward Stoker, 


do. 


John Dixon, 


do. 


John Shaver, 


Kar. 18, 1780. 


John Alexander, 


do. 


John Haley, 


liar. 15,1780. 


Edward Cratohlow, 


Oct 81,1780. 


Jamea Salter, 


do. 


George Lefler, 


Nov. 1,1780. 


George Emmett, 


do. 


WUliamOrr, 


Nov. 2,1780. 


Jamea Bankina, 


do. 


Arnold Evans, 


Nov. 1,1780. 


Jaoob Poisal, 


Mar. 87, 1780. 


John Allford, 


Deo. 8,1780. 


WiUiam Boberta, 


Mar. 28,1780. 


Patrick MoGwr^ 


Jan. 2, 1781. 


JeaaeCla^ 


Mar. 7,1780. 


James Manly, 


Nov. 2,1780. 


PhiUp Fmn, 


April 18, 1780. 


James Murphy, 


do. 


WiUiam Brown, 


do. 


Bidiard Carty, 


Jan. 1, 17^. 


Bartholomew Nedley, April 19, 1780. 


William Oakman, 


Mar. 1, 178ft. 


Comelipa Downey, 


April 27, 1780. 


John Campbell, 


Nov. 10, 178a 


John MoCntohen, 


do. 


Elijah Yeatoh, 


Jan. 15^17801. 


Daniel Leany, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


Hezekiah Linsey, 


da 


Daniel Ryanbart, 


Oct 28,1780. 


Edward Wood, 


Mar. 1, 178a 


Jamea MoMollan, 


Nov. 18,1780. 


John Brisby, 


do. 


Christopher Baker, 


Jan. 8, 1781. 


Jamea KeUy, 


do. 


ThomaB Bendnre, 


do. 


John Smith, ' 


do. 


John Lisk, 


do. 


Jaoob Weatherholt, 


do. 


James Shaw, 


do. 


WiUiam Wood, 


do. 


^oseph Blaokbum, 


Mar. 1,1780. 


Wmiam Honter, 


do. 


•lamee Wataon, 


Mar. 9,1780. 


Henry Thomas, 


dow 


'^njamin Aroher, 


Mar. 1,1780. 


Freeman BattersheU, 


do. 


Thomaa Bicketta, 


Mar. 8,i780. 


Hezekiah Uark, 


do. 


Abraham Booker, 


do. 


John Castard, 


Mar. 8,178a 


Nioholas Diokert, 


Mar. 10,178a 


John Aldridge, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


WiUiam McElroy, 


April 27, 1730. 


Joseph Hiveler, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


Peter Parchment, 


Dec 22,1780. 


Anthony Coon, 


Mar. 20,1780. 


Simon Bailey, 


Jan. 1, 1780. 


John Lefeve^ 


Jan. 15,1780. 


William Bagly, 


do. 


Thomas Bavensoroft, 


Jan. 28,1780. 


Joseph Thomas, 


Mar. 1,1780. 


James TitUe, 


May 18,178a 


Elijah Thomas, 


do. 


Bladen Asliby, 


do. 


William Owens, 


Mar. 8,1780. 


Th<»nas Brownlee, 


June 2,1780. 


Jamea Hicks, 


Mar. 1, 1790. 


James Gray, 


Sept. 20, 1780. 



OmOEBS AVD FRIVATBi 











Samuel Calloway, 


Oct. 16,1780. 


John Meriok, 


July —,1780. 


JohnMaina, 


do. 




JKilbd 


William Owena, 


do. 


Francis Johnaton, 


Mar. —,1781. 


Samael Hatohiaon, 


Oct 12, 1781. 


Thomas Eady, 


do. 


John Knapp, 


Oct. 14,1781. 


John Michell, 


July 18,178L 


Jaraea M. Chriaty, 


do. 


John Evana, 


Nov. 12, 1781. 


Bobeit Peneiy, 


Mar. 1,1780. 




JHaeharg^ 


Thomaa Whitaker, 


Mar. 2,1780. 


John Cowen, 


Mar. 28,1780. 


Pelar Springer, 


Mar. 1,1780. 


Andrew Donn, 


July 6, 1780. 


John HamUton, 


do. 


WiUiam CoUis, 


do. 


John Wheeler, 


do. 


Edward Evans, 


Sept. 10,1780. 


Thomaa KeUy, 


do. 




April 89, 1780. 


Jeremiah Archer, 


do. 


Thomas Mosely, 


July 18,1788. 


John Stackhooae, 


Mar. 2,1780. 


John Drommond, 


do. 


Peter Cartwright, 


Mar. 10,1780. 


Charles Harvey, 


Sept 19, 1780. 


laaaoRoaa, 


Mar. 18,1780,-^ 


- John Watson, 


do. 


John Brown, 


do. 


Harman Eakle, 


Feb. 17,1780. 


John Brown, 


Mar. 16,1780. 


John Allington, 


Mar. 4,1780. 


Jaooh Walter, 


Apri 8,1780. 


Balph Morrow, 


do. 


Peter Walter, 


do. 


John WaDaoe, 


Mar. 29, 1780. 


William White, 


Mar. 1,1780. 


Joshua Still, 


Jan. 6, 1780. 


Jeraniah Simpson, 


Jnne 2,1780. 


Philip Boxan, 


Jan. 10,1780. 


Gharlea Bodkin, 


Sept. 10, 1780. 


PstrickKeUy, 


Mar. 29,1780. 


Simon Coghrao, 


Sept. 28, 1780. 


David Smith, 


Oct 1, 1780. 


John Smith, 


Mar. 18,1781. 


Daniel Murray, 


May 18,1780. 


WiUiam English, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


Thomaa Winn, 


May 1, 1780. 


Cornelias Johnson, 


do. 


JohnKinard, 


April 1,1780. 


Levid Bridgewater, 


Mar. 2,1780. 


John Cheany, 


May 11,1780. 


Thomas Philips, 


Mar. 10,1780. 


George Fitzgerald, 


May 24,1780. 


Geoige Harling, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


Henry Irons, 


May 28,1780. 


Jamea Qnnner, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


John Gilbert, 


June 16, 1780. 


Samuel Streets, 


do. 


Patrick Rogers, 


do. 


Henry Scott, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


John Sullivan, 


July 18,1780. 


John Colbert, 


do. 


Thomaa Duggan, 


July 20,1780. 


Thomas Walker, 


do. 


Joseph White, 


July 1, 1780. 


Jamea Colvin, 


Mar. 18,1780. 


James Gray, 


Aug. 18, 1780. 


Biiohael Poock, 


Sept. 80, 1780. 


William Canard, 


Mar. 1, 1780. 


John Pratt, 


Nov. 10,1780. 


Joseph Fuller, 


Aug. 1,1780. 


Thomaa James, 


do. 


Brice Bagon, 


Mar. 14,1781. 


Robert Beckett, 


do. 


Robert Broad, 


do. 


Bichard BUby, 


Nov. 24, 1780. 


Peter Parker, 


do. 


Kchard Chorchfleld, 


do. 


John Smith, 


Feb. 1, 178L 


John Cowen, 


do. 


John Clark, 


May 1, 1781 


Adam Bust, 


Jan. 1, 1780. 


James Dawson, 


do. 


William Walker, 


Mar. — , 1780. 


William Dou^aas, 


July 20, 1781. 



OF THB REVOLirafOHAXT WAR. 



2>i$ekarg^ 
Jcvendah Tork, July 80,1781. 

Andrew Andenoii, Aug. 15, 1781. 
G^oige Satdi, Aug. 1, 1781. 

Veliz M^Snney, Jiue 4,1780. 



John PeftTBon, 
Lndwiok Hart, 
GhariM Crawford, 
John Needham, 



Mar. 1, 1780. 
Aug. 1,1780. 
Mar. 80,1781. 
July 16, 1781. 



Oapt. Uriah Sp|Ungxb*b Company. 



John Hankon, Lteatenaafc. 
JoMph Winlook, Bnaign. 
John Gibson, do. 

John WBUanu, Beigeanl. 
Thomas Tannehlll, do. 
Thomas Moore, do. 
WflHam Syana, GorporaL 

James Camb«rfbrd, 
John Bomett, 
Qnmt GaTener, 
William Barr, 
JohnBritton, 
Thomas Hailey, 
Alexander Mdnloah, 
William Herbert, 
Biohard Boaoh, 
Hyatt Lasier, 
Boderick MoDaniel, 
Biohard Garter, 
William Smith, 
James Beynolds, 
William Craig, 
Bei^Jamin Bioomes, 
Philip Henthom, 
Edward Paul, 
Samuel Smith, 
James Seavell, 
Nicholas Garter, 
Bobert Hughes, 
Henry Squires, 



James Adama, Corporal. 

John Hagerty, Corporal, from Jan. 

1, 1781. 
Isaac Horsileld, GorporaL 
John Smith, Drummer. 
Thomas Whealy, do. 
John Hinds, Hfer. 



PrivaU9. 



John Boss, 
Pat Baity, 
William Hansford, 
Xdward McDonald, 
James Smith, 
Jacob Conrad, 
Henry Venn, 
Samuel Osbum, 
Thomas Craigg, 
James Duify, 
John Oossett, 
Gharies Evans, 
Michael Kaims, 
William Bailey, 
Biohard Sparrow, 
David Dunnagan, 
Chriatopher Carpenter, 
John Finney, 
Bobert McCamey, 
Matthew Hurley, 
Francis Smith, 
Michael Smith, 
Joseph Bow. 



Those who joined thie Company Jan. 1, 1781. 



Kioholas Hagerty, 
James Whealy, 
Bobert Crawford, 
John Lookhart, 
LadUin MoLane, 



Patrick Finnagin, 
Eneas McCoy, 
Christopher Carpenter 
William Hansford, 
Michael Hainy, 



284 



OFFIOBB0 MS9 VCnrAI 



WUlkun Hlokook, 
IsaAoSloU, 
John Tonng, 
Geoig<e Phelpe, 



Brytti Oownn, 
Charies Brooks, 
Bobeii Hogbes, 
Fiaiiois Mains. 



Captain Benjamin Biggs* Compant. 



Jacob Sprinfer, lieutenant. 
John Biills, Ensij^. 
Alexander Fraser, Sergeant. 
John Hnll, do. 

Moaes Wm^ do. 

Samoel Gmswell, OorporaL 

Jonathan Welsh, 
Samael MoCord, - 
William Overline, 
John Booke, 
BobertBaoon, 
Thomas Jackson, 
John Gnttery, 
Samuel Lemon, 
James Amberson, 
James Carr, 
John Bobeson, 
Thomas Suite, 
Stephen Winters, 
John Shea, 
Pat. Thornton, 
James Stackpole, 
liichael Murphy, 
John Wlejy 
Alex. McAdams, 
John Book, 
Peter MoCartny, 
James Low, 
John Eng^h, 
William aoyd, 
Henry Skinner, 
Charles Bobinson, 
Joseph Fowler, 
John Conner, 
William Brumagem, 
John Morrison, 
William Connolly, 
William Martin, 



Privates. 



John Bamett, Sergeant 
(Joined Feb. 1, im.) 

WilliMn Johannes, Coipenl 

Edward Sheppaitl, do. 
(Joined Jan. 1, 1781.) 

Thomas MoIlw«Sn, Fitbr, 

DaTidClaik, 
John Phimps, 
SamnelBeaTes, 
aement OflUhan, 
Joseph Woods, 
John Godftey, 
James Hooririi, 
Jacob Adams, 
Jdm 0ard<Hia8, 
WUUam Love, 
IsaacBevore, 
John Biteliie, 
Jacob Boher, 
Jacob Bfaodes, 
Charles Moigan, 
John Bean, 
Thomas Jones. 
John Dougherty, 
JohnVilet, 
John Bicheson, 
William Woods, 
Joseph Dei^Bon, 
Isaac HidQ>enny, 
Dennis SeiaTan, 
John Beny, 
James Johnson, 
James Pallor, 
Beuben AbbeM, 
James Beham, 
Edward Walker, 
William Bram, 
John Woodman. 



01^ ml WMTXaLlfriMAXT WAB. 



985 



M'ambs ow im GmAiHS and Priyatbs or Coloitbl Nathanol 
Gist's Yiroinia Bxodbkt, in 1777. 

FIRST eOMPANT. 
John Oitt, Captain. 



David LuolEett, 
Sherwood Yanglin, 
Jamee MoEagan, 
Edward Joyce, 
Dennis Coriy, 
William Ha^ 
WiUiam Welch, 
MiehaelllAddMH 
JohnOnneUyi 
ArohibaM Baitlitt, 
Williaoi Knowlei, 
WiWamSyaBf 
MatOmrMaBnifh, 



Privates. 



John Lewin, 
ThomaaWatBOli,^ 
John Tnbba, 
Joseph LoTett, 
Joseph Neal, 
Walter Hartlett, 
Thomas GrifBn, 
PetarCWbioT, 
BUsha Darriofloi, 
Jamee Johnaon, 
Joseph WilseA, 
OMialSprBtt, 
SamvelBant 



SECOND OOMPANT. 
Samuel Li^ej, Captain. 



PrivcUet. 



LyMoAaglfai, 
AbfWn GntUp, 
Edward ^omaa, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Martin, 
John Carpenter, 
Thomas Kinsey, 
John Arnold, 
James Smith, 
JohnHanna, 
Elias Boberts, 
Thomas Ermin, 
John MoElhenny, 
Jnlios Blaokbam, 
Hn^ Hughs, 



Charles Wymer, 
James Gibson, 
James Simpkins, 
Thomas Price, 
James Squires, 
John Tnrbatt, 
Solomon Brundage, 
William Simpliins, 
(Garret Simpkins, 
John Lee, 
James Harris, 
John Freeland, 
Bobert Martin, 
Bobert Ogleavy, 
Humphrey Montgomery. 



THIRD COMPANY. 

Strother Jones, Captain. 



»86 



▲HD PWABB 



Prwaiu. 



John Nalton, 
TfaomM Harrison, 
JoaUs Stone, 
Jftoob Johnson, 
Qeoige Speak, 
Henry Weet, 
Wilson Gray, 
Edward Clements, 
Aaron Simmons, 



WimamSpeaka, 
William Basey, 
Joshna Poor, 
John Howard, 
Matthew Coflbr, 
Heaekiah Speakd, 
OwenScolMd, 
Nehemiah Crawford, 
Alexander Wallaoe. 



FOURTH OOMFANT. 
Joeei^ Smith, Captain. 

Privates. 



Alexander Monroe, 
Patriok Coleman, 
Edward Harrey, 
John Hilller, 
William MitoheUy 
James Taylor, 
Charles Hagan, 
John Parrott, 
Daniel Chumly, 
JeiA^y Baadell, 
Thomas Johnson, 
Jamea Solomon, 
William Jaoo, 
Franoia Sogers, 
DanniaShay, 



WiUSamJ. 
Peter Pole, 
George Moon, 
Thomas Ti^lor, 
Jonathan Tinalej, 
Miebael Tewlflsa, 
Michael I>olin, 
Emanael Ebbs, 
Nightingale Biohardsoo, 
John O. Brisn, 
Thomas Henry, 
Eobert MoAdams, 
John Wooster, 
HoghBarthom, 
JoaiahDa^M. 



TIFTH OOMFANT. 
Thomas Bell, CaptioB. 



Patrick Shannon, 
Thomas Chapman, 
James Tate, 
Sampson Archer, 
David Chambers, 
John Stephens, 
John Mitchell, 
William Kingore, 
William McGowan, 
John Brown, 



Privates. 



James Shields, 
James Wilson, 
Bartholomew Bigan, 
Bonsy Merritt, 
John Locke, 
John Forehand, 
Thomas Foster, 
Dennis MoKinney, 
Gordon Kelly, 
George Wecileld, 



OF TBS BBrOLOnOMABT WAB. 



S87 



Joseph Hood, 
Miehael MdCMtaCB, 
Jmmea Lookhart, 
Lndwiok Miller, 
Junes O^Brian, 



Abell ArmstroDg, 
Thomas Conwaj, 
Joseph Kenny, 
Martin Satton. 



SIXTH OOMPAVT. 
Alexander Breokenridge, Oaptain. 



PrivateB. 



y 



Alexander Battngr, 
HeaeUah Bmdy, 
Peter Pariah, 
Joseph Smithy 
Ambrose Jones, 
Smith Thompson, 
John WilHama, 
Hugh McLaughlin, 
Biofaard Sinndler, 
Thomas OiUaspy, 
Benjamin Dawson, 
Thomas Snead, 
Bamnel San^ie, 



Thomas Omrtls, 
Daniel White, 
Thomas Miller, 
Christopher O'BriaB, 
Oeofge TomRnson, 
Biohard Peaile, 
Hani MoWilliams, 
John Sweepstone, 
Oeoige Lambert, 
Thomas Smith, 
Thomas Bhodes, 
John Cidn, 
James SqnireSk 



SBVBHTH OOMPAVT. 



ftaneis Mnir, Gaptdn, and Paymaster of the Begiment. 



John Linton, 
Edward Bineker, 
John Spitftithom, 
Dnrret Covey, 
Charles Mdton, 
Tbomaa HopeweU, 
John Sale, 
John Wynn, 
Daniel Feignson, 
Waitman Beynolds, 
Isaae Arties, 
Luke O'Keal, 
Caleb Baldwin, 
Henry Orem, 
Daniel Qniider, 



Frivates. 



John McDaniel, 
WilUam Crosby, 
William Haley, 
John Omttage, 
Jesse Bineker, 
Francis Bavensorofti 
Peter Kittare, 
WiUiam Noaa, 
Thomas Flood, 
James Thompson, 
Lake Metheny, 
Thomas Memny, 
Samuel Patterson, 
Timothy Kelly, 
John Kirk. 



0FV10EB8 Ain> PfilVATSB 



THB BiaHTH, OB THE MAJOB's OOMPABT. 



Prwates. 



James MoGee, 
Jacob Bump, 
John Crook, 
Thomas Steysos, 
Joseph Williams, 
Bobert Beynolds, 
Christian Hobinatook, 
Joshua CUfEIwi, 
Levi PoweU, 
Israel Peterson, 
James OliTer, 
Fred^ck Myara, 
Benjamin DawaoBi 



Henry Binglespaoaer, 
Bamael Jones, 
Bei^amin B&oQ, 
Thomas Verdin, 
John Knight, 
Biohard HUl, 
Perrigrine Brady, 
Jose^ Brady, 
JameaBaioa, 
Henry BaiBS, 
^William Foster, 
Jesse Davis, 
Morris] 



Offiokbs of Lisut. Col. Lsk's Lboion of Cayalbt. 



Henry Lee, Lieut. Colonel (Light- 
horse Harry). 

Henry Peyton, Migor. Died in ser- 
vice. 

Joseph Eggleston, Mqor. 

Alexander Skinner, Burgeon and 
Lieutenant. 

Wm. Winston, Adjutant and lieu- 
tenant. 

Patrick Cames, Captain. 

Ferdinand O'Neal, do. 

James Armstrong, do. 

Matthew Irwin, Surgeon. 

Michael Budolph, Captain. 



George Handy, Captain. 

Lawrence Manning, lieutenant. 

Peter Johnson, do. 

George Carrington. 

Geoige Guthrie. 

William Lewis, lieutenant. Vied in 

service. 
Bobert Power, Comet. 

John Jordan, do. 

William Middleton, do. 
Albion Throckmorton, do. 
William B. Harrison, do. 
Clement Carrington, Bnsign. 
John Champa, SergeanVmigor. 



A List of YiBonnA Offioxbs, with thx Datks of thxib Commis- 
sions, IN 1776. 



Jamea Johnson, 
Oliver Towles, 



Capkuns, 
CommimUmsd 
Feb. 1«, in«. 
do. 



Thomas Patterson, Feb. -34,1776. 
William Gregoiy, Feb. 86,177$. 



OF TBB BSTOLUnOHABT WAB. 



289 



8ftma«l Hopkins, 
Suniiel Cabell, 
Thomas Baffin, 



O ommii t io nt d 

Fob. 26, m«. 
Mar. 4, 177«- 
Mar. U, m«. 



Thomas Massie, 
Thomas Hntohins, 
John Jones, 



(kmimii$ion§d 
Mar. 11,1776. 
Mar. 21, 1776. 
April 9,1776. 



Lieutenants, 



Nicholas Hobeon, 
Nathaniel Foz, 
Joseph Curd, 
Peter Dunn, 
Abiah Clay, 
Alexander Sose, 
BiUy H. Avery, 
John Hockaday, 
Henry Williams, 
Peter Jones, 



John Stokes, 
Joseph Holliday, 
John Barksdale, 
John BeU, 
William Dawson, 



?eb. 16, 
do. 
Feb. 24, 
Feb. 16, 
Feb. 26, 
Mar. 4, 
Mar. 11, 
do. 
Mar. 21, 
April 9, 



1776. 

1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 
1776. 

1776. 
1776- 



Peter Garland, 
Charles Tntt, 
James Bamett, 
John Oregoiy, 
Hntohins Burton, 
Benjamin Talliaftrro, 
William Murray, 
Bichard Appuson, 
James Conway, 
William Stark, 



Feb. 16,1776. 

do. 
Feb. 24,1776. 
Feb. 26,1776. 

do. 
Mar. 4,1776. 
Mar. 11,1776. 

do. 
Mar. 21,1776. 
April 2,1776. 



Eneigne. 



Feb. 16,1776. 

do. 
Feb. 20,1776. 
Feb. 26,1776. 

do. 



James Bamett, Mar. 4, 1776. 

CoUinCock, Mar. 11,1776. 

William Armstead, do. 

Harden Perkins, Mar. 21, 1776. 
Dinwiddle Goodwin, April 2, 1776. 



Cadets. 



Beveriy Stubblelleld, Capt. Towiea' Co. 


Approved Feb. 10, 1776. 


T^rlrin Smith, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Chew, 


do. 


do. 


Feb. 14,1776. 


Beigamin Patterson, Capt Patterson's Co. 


do. 


Feb. 27,1776. 


John Baynham, 


Capt. Towles' Co. 


do. 


Feb.* 28, 1776. 


William Parsons, 


Capt. Fox's Co. 


do. 


Mar. 26,1776. 


WillUm Hill, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


Edward Irwin, 


do. 


do. 


do. 


John Jordan, 


Capt Cabell's Co. 


do. 


Mar. 26,1776. 


John Clay, 


Capt Hopkins' Co. 


do. 


Mar. 80,1777. 


James Dillard, 


Capt Cabell's Co. 


do. 


do. 


PhiUp Holliday, 


Capt Maasie's Co. 


do. 


July 17,1776. 


Samuel Buokner, 


do. 


do. 


Aug. 26, 1776. 


Larkin Stanard, 


do. 

IS 


do. 


Sept 1,1776. 



S90 



OFRGEBS AMD PiffVATWI 



lAim AKD Rake OF TH. OFFIO«U^ AKD A LiBT OF THE PBITAm, 
OF LdIW CouFmlHW MaRIO^ SoUTB CABOUHABMWli 
AB II STOOD NoVBMWttt 1, 11*19. 



Adrian ProTQMtz, CapteiD. 
Josiah K«lb, LieutMiaoi 
Bobert Matthewa, Seigoant. 

(KiUed.) 
Jolin Burton, Sugeant 



VUm OOMPAHT. 

Hoble Bamett, Baigwnt 
John MIHb, Corporal. 
Solomon Long, do. 
Enoch Boolk, Drummer. 
Jacob Qwga,Fifcr- 



Pri9 mt$ 9 . 



G«orge Hngha, 
Alezandar Btoina% 
Jamaa MoDanial, 
^ John Hawkina, 
Isaac Chinnara, 
WQlSam Normao, 
Arohy M. Daniel, 
Fradeiiok Hngha, 
JohnBad6rd» 
JohnHarpar, 
William Johnston, 
David Vanghn, 
Walkinaheer Thompadn, 
Samnal Cortney^ 



Bt^BawUna, 
Edward George, 
J<Jui TbompaoiH 
Philip Thomaa, 
John White, 
John Perry, 
L«wia Patrick, 
Jacob Benh<Mat, 
John Caddy, 
AaioaTabba, 
Jamaa Gaskey, 
William Philip 
8amu4 Blackford. 



Biohard Baker, Captain. 
Alexander Home, Lieutenant. 

(KilledOct. », m>.> 
John Boberta, Sergeant. 
Alexander McDonald, do^ 

Solomon BUpleton, 
Benjamin Webster, 
Didkerson Green, 
John Fenwiok, 
John Biohardaon, 
Henry Taylor, 
Bobert Clyatt, 
Andrew Adams, 
Samuel Horn, 
Thomas Hagarthy, 
William Connell, 



SBOONB COHPAinr. 

Joseph WiUdna, CatpciA 
Daniel Andrews, dow 
Levi Brown, do. 

ffikaa Gibson, Tikt, 



Privcn^. 



James Castello, 
MoaesMaoe, 
Hathaniel Swobb, 
Timothy Downing, 
Geoige Tayf or, 
James BnsseH, 
Jonathan CollittS» 
Adam Meek, 
William Waites, 
Joshua Morgan, 
IjewisDomaa. 



OF THB BEVOLUnONAST WAB. 



S91 



THIRD COMPANY. 



OhaileB Motte, Gaptaiii. KiUed Oct 

•, 1779. 
Albert Boaz, Lieatenant. Gaptida 

from Oct », 1779. 
Alexander Petrie, lieatenanft. 
Christopher Bogers, do. 
William Murphy, Sergeant 



Benjamin HoggiaB, 
James Htdmmons, 
Thomas Borbridge, 
Matthew Anderson, 
John Bnrbridge, 
Jonathan Bnrbridge, 
James Stanton, 
Oswald Hackle, 
Nathaniel Bogers, 
Homphrey Haines, 
Bobert Penhom, 
William Easton, 
Maloohn MoFttlan, 



QeoTge Brewton, Seigeant 

William Jones, Corporal. 

William Oliver, CorporaL Killed Cot 

9, 1779. 
William Lyon, Corporal. 
William Borbridge, Drummer. 
Peter Area, Slfer. 

PrivaU9. 

John Taylor, 
Cornelias Constantine, 
Balph Ingram, 
Joseph Cooper, 
Samael lUnney, 
Lewis Powell, 
Oeoige McCormaok, 
Francis Farrell, 
William Willis, 
Thomas Milb, 
Hugh Newman, 
John Godbolt, 
Vincent MaronL 



FOXTRTB OOMPANT. 



Peter Qray, Captain. 
John Wiokom, lieutenant 
James Gray, do. 

(Killed Oct 9, 1779.) 
John McDowell, Sergeant 
Jaaonee Feast, do. 

Bichard Clark, 
John Campbell, 
Ambrose Bray, 
Alexander Fergoson, 
Joseph Pain, 
Isaac Withersford, 
Bartholomew SUne, 
Henry Martin, 
Joshua Hall, 
William Winford, 
John Biley, 
Abraham Berleao, 



Privatei, 



Joseph Tomer, Sergeant 
Abraham Bearsliok, CorporaL 
Thomas Galloway, do. 
Samael Brown, do. 

Lewis MoClendall, Drommer. 
Frederick Lamb, Fifer. 

Hendrick Kiler, 
Jesse Simmons, 
Charles Hotton, 
William Martin, 
Charles Skipper, 
Benben Wales, 
Charles Bentley, 
John Hyme, 
William Hnghes, 
John Bewly, 
Edward Bambrick, 
William Simpson, 



292 



0FFI0EB8 AND PRIVATES 



WillUm Leaton, 
Moses Childs, 
John Peter Allen, 



Benjamin Stone, 
Thomas Jones, 
Bobert Laonoe. 



FIFTH OOMPAKT. 

Thomas Hall, Captain. 
John Hart, Lieutenant. 
(Promoted Ang. 6, 1779.) 
James Legare, 2d Lieutenant. 
William Henderson, Sergeant. 
Beuben Minor, do. 



Privaiei. 



James Reed, 
John Croford, 
Thomas Crozer (killed), 
John Catou, 
Thomas Welch, 
Daniel McFarling, 
Francis Simson, 
Rapes Going, 
Enoch Andrews, 
William Hasemon, 
Benjamin Owens, 
Dempher Oldfield, 
««^oIomon Mitchell, 
Hugh Holland, 
John Proby, 



William Harvey, Sergeants 
Robert Raine, CorporaL 
George Valley, do. 
John Dabose, do. 
Philip Fry, Dmmmer. 
Conrad Fitner, Fi&r. 



Edward Fry, 
Samuel Moet, 
Nehemlah Watt, 
Thomas Faulder, 
Needham Gunter, 
John Clements, 
Henry Dishes, 
Thomas Goodson, 
Thomas Davis, 
Samuel Henderson, 
Thomas Bowan, 
James Fitzpatrick, 
Benjamin Sei^nor, 
William Linsey, 
John Marlow. 



SIXTH COMPANY. 



Thomas Moultrie, Captain. 
Peter Foissin, Lieutenant. 
Stephen Roberts, Sergeant 
Douglass O'Neal, do. 
Daniel Green, do. 



William Cade, 
Frederick Gowin, 
James Grubbe, 
Edward Gainey, 
Archibald Lamb, 
William McAllister, 
James Grover, 
William Russell, 



Privates, 



William Rogers, CorporaL 
David Manly, do. 

Samuel Murray, do. 
Robert Logan, Drummer. 
Archibald Robertson, Flfer. 



Abraham Boggett, 
Francis Bridges, 
-> Edward Wainwright, 
James Hain, 
Richard Lackey, 
Henry McCaJl, 
John Friday, 
Robert Cox, 



OF THB KBVOUJnONABT WAR. 



John Bently, 
Moees Groom, 
EUflha Tomplat, 
James Hoaston, 
Peter Deviney, 



Junes McOowin, 
Edward Murphy, 
Nicholas Baiger, 
John Steel) 
(KUled Oct. 9, 1770.) 



8EYBNTH OOMPANT. 



Thomas Dnnhar, Captain. 

William Capers, Ist Lieatenant. 

Cornelias Van Vleiland, Sd Lieuten- 
ant KUled Oct. 9, 1779. 

Alexander McDonald, Sergeant-ma- 
jor. 

William Jasper, Qr. Master's Sergt 
Killed while attempting to plant 
the American colors on the para- 
pets of Spring Hill redoubt, at the 



storming of Savannah, October 9, 

1779. 
Henry Webb, Sergeant. 
John McDonald, do. 
Benben Dewitt, do. 
Harris Dewitt, CorporaL 
William Manning, do. 
James Sparrow, do. 
James Newton, Corporal and Fifer. 
Jesse Martin, Drammer. 



Privates. 



Bamaby Brian, 
Joseph Davis, 
John Dins, 
Aaron Harris, 
William Henson, 
John Hampton, 
John Holmes, 
William Mimma, 
James Moody, 
Bichard Bichardson, 
Bobert Whiley, 
James Oliver, 
James Leaton, 
Bobert Gamble, 
James Ford, 
John Batler, 
Frederick Simmons, 
Daniel Jordan, 
Nicholas FUnn, 
John CliaviB, 
John Martinsharp, 
William Chanoelly, 
Hezekiah Heath, 
James Clark, 



Kindred HolBsman, 

James Jones, 

Barrel Jones, 

William Wilkinson, 

John Francis, 

George Carriok, 

Thomas Oliver, 

William Cook, 

Thomas Note, 

David WhUy, 

Christopher Gamond, 

John McBride, 

James Scurry, 
.^ David Stuart, 

John Smith, 

Shedrack McClindens, 

John Sparrow, 

William Cade, 

John M. Cade, 

John Whitely, 
^ Thomas Stafford, 

Joseph Hughes, 

Thomas Windsor, 

William Churk. 



294 



OmOEBS AND FBIVATE8 



SIOflTH OOHPANY. 



Biobard Mason, Captain. 
Paul Wariey, Lieatenanft. 
John Taylor, Sergeant. 
John Davis, do. 

John Conner, 
William Brown, 
Samael Botler, 
Joseph Beeves, 
Bei^amin Beeves, 
Matthew Skipper, 
Isaac Herring, 
Thomas Bawlins, 
William T. Jones, 
Matthew Kenedy, 
Jeremiah Peters, 
Hugh Berberry, 
John Thompson, 
Anthony Hinds, 



PrivaU$» 



James aatworthy, Sergeant. 
Thomas Kidwell, CorporaL 
William Crapps, Drummer. 
Moses Newton, Fifer. 

Adam Smith, 
Peter Bosman, 
Michael Peters, 
William Byan, 
Charles Bnmham, 
Stephen Irons, 
William Enochs, 
Philip Newton, 
Thomas Baybold, 
William Chaney, 
William Dalton, 
Henry Savage, 
Timothy Green. 



NINTH OOMPANT. 



Daniel Mazyok, Captain. 
John Martin, 1st lieutenant. 
Gooige Ogiere, 2d do. 
William Wood, Sergeant. 
Benjamin Stone, do. 
Jaoob Ealkoffor, do. 

Hugh Davis, 
Bowland Walker, 
John Carter, 
Bei^amin Breeler, 
Thomas Boston, 
John Smith, 
Arthur Colson, 
Drury Smith, 
John Keith, 
WiUiam MoCuUook, 
John Breeler, 
James Beard, 
William Hyde, 
Joseph Mallery, 
William Clay, 



Privates. 



William MoCnllopgh, CorporaL 

Marmaduke Sthridge, do. 

Samuel MoMillian, do. 

David Parrish, Fifer. 

Be^j. Booth, do. 

John Bohinson, Drummer. 

William Pawling, 
John Dubose, 
Thomas Cowen, 
Bobert Marker, 
Blake Caloott, 
William Gunter, 
John Skipper, 
Bdward Brown, 
Hector McLane, 
Jacob Heigle, 
Abram Debraudy, 
Christopher Gallingtoi 
John Teague, 
Charles Caves,— 
Frederick Bowland. 



OF THB BEVOLUnONARY WAR. 

Nont.— This Sonth C«roliiut Regiment wm at the itorming of the enemy's 
works at Savannah, by the Amerioan troops under General Lincoln, and the 
French under Count D'Estaing, on the 9th October, 1779. Captain Motte, of 
the Third Company, and Lieutenant Gray, of the fourth, were killed ; also Ser- 
geant Matthews, Sergeant Oliver, and Lieutenant Hume, and others. 

Count D*Eitaing was wounded, and the noble Pulaski was killed. Here, also, 
Seigeant William Jaaper, of Captain IHinbar's Company, so renowned for his 
ftats of daring bravery, while planting the Amerioan odors on the parapets of 
Spring Hill redoubt, was pierced with a ball, and fell into the ditch. Before he 
died he said to Migor Horry, <* Tell Mra. EUiott I lost ray lift in supporting tb» 
mIoisb she presented to onr regimenL'' 



BRITISH PRISONS AND AMERICAN PRISONERS. 



Caftueb of Ambbioans bt thb Bbitish — ^British Prison Housbs 
AMD Prison Ships — A List of distinquibhbd Ambrioan Pris- 
ONBRS OF War — Tuts of Capturb, Ezohangb, bto. 

In the early part of the Reyolutionary war, it happened that the 
British were often victorionsy and successful in the capture of many 
of the undisciplined Americans. On the 8th, 9th, and 10th of 
June, 1776, General Frazer, of the British forces, oTercame the 
Americans under General Thompson, Colonel St. Clair, Colonel Ir- 
vine, and others, at the battle of the Three Rivers, during the inva- 
sion of Canada. In this unfortunate skirmish, General Thompson, 
Colonel Irvine, of Pennsylvania, and about two hundred others, 
were made prisoners, and the rest pursued through a swamp for 
several days in great confusion. 

At the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, General Sullivan 
was taken prisoner, and at the same battle Lord Stirling surren- 
dered himself to the Hessian General De Heister, with about 1100 
men, as prisoners of war. Generals Sullivan and Stirling were con- 
fined on board the British ship ^ Eagle,'* and the men were confined 
on Long Island, and on board the enemy's vessels in the Sound. 
They were subsequently sent to the loathsome prisons in New York 
city and to the prison-ships at the Wallabout 

At General Putnam's retreat from New York, on the 16th of 
September, 1776, about three hundred of his men were captured, 
and on the 11th of October following. General Waterbury, of the 
Washington Galley, and his crew, were made prisoners by the crew 
of the British ship " Inflexible.*' 



298 FOBT WASHINGTON SUBRENDEKED. 

On the 16th of November, lYTO, Fort Washington, on the east 
bank of the Hudson, near the city of New York, after a desperate 
resistance on the part of the Americans, was surrendered bj Ck>Io- 
nel Magaw of the Pennsylvania line. Mr. Lossing, in his Field 
Book, says : 

^On the 15th, Howe was informed of the real condition of 
the garrison and works at Fort Washington, by a deserter from 
Magaw's battalion, and he immediately sent a messenger with a 
summons for the commander to surrender, or peril his garrison 
with the doom of massacre. Magaw, in a brief note, promptly re- 
fused compliance, and sent a copy of his answer to Washington at 
Hackensack. Howe, confident of success, ordered a cannonade to 
be opened upon the American outworks from two British redoubts, 
situated on the east side of the Hari^n, a little above the High 
Bridge. The cannonade commenced early on the morning of the 
16 th, to cover the landing of troops which croased l^e Harlem 
there, preparatory to a combined attack at four different points. 
Expecting this, Magaw made a judicious disposition of his little 
force. Colonel Rawlings, with his Maryland riflemen, was posted 
in a redoubt (Fort George) upon a hill north of Fort Washington, 
and a few men were stationed at Uie outpost, called Cock-hill 
Fort Militia of the Flying Camp, under Colonel Baxter, were 
placed on the rough wooded hills east of the fort along the Har- 
lem River, and others, under Colonel Lambert Cadwallader, of Penn- 
sylvania, manned the lines in the direction of New York. Magaw 
commanded in the fort 

^ The plan of attack was well arranged. Enyphausen, with five 
hundred Hessians and Waldeckers, was to move to the attack on 
the north simultaneously with a division of English and Hessian 
troops under Lord Percy, who were to assail the lines on the south. 
At the same time. Brigadier Matthews, supported by Comwallis, 
was to cross the ELarlem River with the guards, light-infantry, and 
two battalions of grenadiers, and land above Fort Washington un- 
der cover of the guns on the Westchester Hilb, just mentioned, 
while Colonel Stirling, with the 42d regiment, was to cross at a 
point a little above the High Bridge. These arrangements were 



VORT WABHIKGTOH mRBXSVSI^fSD. 999 

carried out Knyj^ausen divided his forces. One diTision under 
Ck>lonel Ralil (killed at Trenton seventy dajs afterwards), drove 
the Americans from Cock-hill Fort, while Enyphansen with the 
remainder penetrated the woods near Tubby Hook, and, after clam- 
bering over felled trees and other obstructions, attacked Ttawlings 
in Fort Tryon. The fort was gallantly defended for some time, 
and many of the Hessians were slain. Rawlings was finally forced 
to yield, and returned to Fort Wa^ington, under cover of its guns, 
when Enyphansen planted the Hessian flag upon Fort Tiyon. In 
the mean while Percy had crossed near Harlem, swept over the 
plain, drove in the American pickets at Harlem Cove (Manhattanr 
ville), and attacked Cadwallader at the advanced line of intrench- 
ments. Percy^s force was eight hundred strong ; Cadwallader had 
only one hundred and fifty men and one eighteen-pounder. Both 
parties fought bravely, and Percy, yielding, moved towards the 
American left, behind a wood, and the combat ceased for a while. 

^ While Rawlings and Cadwallader were keeping the assailants 
at bay, Stirling and Matthews landed. The latter pushed up the 
wooded heights, drove Baxter's troops from their redoubt (Fort 
George) and rocky defence, and stood victor upon the hills over- 
loddng the open field around Fort Washington. Stirling, after 
making a feigned landing, dropped down to an estuary of the river, 
landed within the American lines, and rushing up the acclivity by 
a sinuous road, attacked a redoubt on the summit, and made about 
two hundred priaaners. Informed of this, and perceiving the peril 
of being placed between two fires, Cadwallader retreated along the 
road nearest the Hudson, closely pursued by Percy, and battling 
all the way. When near the upper border of Trinity Cemetery 
(155th-8treet), he was attacked on the flank by Colonel Stirling^ 
who was pressing across the ishuid to intercept him. He contin- 
ued the retreat, and reached the fort^ after losing a few killed and 
about thirty made prUonen. On the border of the Cemetery, and 
near the fort, severe skirmishes took place, and many of the Hessian 
pursuers were slain. The defence was gallant ; but pike, ball, and 
bayonet, used by five thousand men, overpowered the weakened 
patrio|;9, and at meridian they were nearly all gathered within the 



800 asN. lbb'b oobbbbponbenob. 

rAmparts of the fort General Howe now sent another Bommons 
to surrender. Perceiving resistance to be in vain, Magaw complied, 
and at half past one o'clock the British flag was waving where the 
Union banner was unfurled defiantly in the morning. The garri- 
son, amounting to more than two thousand men, were made prison- 
ers of war, and with these the JaiU of New York toere speedily 
gwgedr 

Washington, who had been all the time an anxious spectator o€ 
the battle from the other side of the Hudson, wept like a child on 
beholding the retreat to, and surrender o^ the fort He wrote to 
General Charles Lee, informing him of the surrender of the fort^ 
and of his future plans of operation. Lee replied, and all that he 
said with respect to the surrender of Fort Washington, was : " Oh, 
General, why would you be persuaded by men of inferior judgment 
to your own f It was a cursed affair." Lee was second in com- 
mand to the Gommander-in-Chie^ whose speculations as to the 
future were full of gloomy anticipations. 

To James Bowdoin, President of the Massachusetts Council, Lee 
writes as follows : ^ I hope the cursed job of Fort Washington 
will occasion no dejection — the place itself was of no value. For 
my own part, I am persuaded that if we only act with common 
sense, spirit, and decision, the day must be our own. Indecision 
bids fair for tumbling down the goodly &bric of American freedom, 
and, with it, the rights of mankind. 'Twas indecision of Congress 
prevented our having a noble army, and on an excellent footing. 
Twas indecision in our military councils which cost us the garrison 
of Fort Washington, the consequence of which must be fatal, un- 
less remedied in time by a contrary spirit Inclosed I send you an 
extract of a letter from the General {y^ashingion)^ on which you 
will make your comments ; and I have no doubt you will concur 
with me in the necessity of raising immediately an army to save 
us from perdition. Affairs appear in so important a crisis, that I 
think the resolves of Congress must no longer too nicely weigh 
with us. We must save the community in spite of the ordi- 
nances of the Legislature. There are times when we must com- 
mit treason against the laws of the State for the salvation of the 



OEN. leb'b oorrespohdenob. 801 

State. The present crisis demands this brave, virtnons kind of 
treason."* 

In December, 1776, our "decisive'* General Lee was snugly 
quartered at a tavern at Baskinridge, N. J., about three miles from 
his own armj, and about twenty miles from the British encamp- 
ment at Brunswick. Supposing himself perfectly safe, Lee wrote 
to General Gates about Fort Washington, and rapped the Ck>m- 
mander-in-Chief over the knuckles in the following strain : " The 
ingenious manoeuvre of Fort Washington has completely unhinged 
the goodly fabric we had been building. There never was so 
damned a stroke ; entre turns, a certain great man is most damnably 
deficient. He has thrown me into a situation where I have my 
choice of difficulties : if I stay in the province I risk myself and 
army ; and if I do not stay, the province is lost forever."f 

We will now see what became of our impetuous and " decisive" 
Lee. He had just signed his femous letter to General Gates, doubt- 
less presuming he had uplifted a thunderbolt sufficient to demolish 
General Washington, when suddenly General Wilkinson, who was 
with him, exclaimed, " Here, sir, are the British cavalry!" " Where?" 
replied Lee. "Around the house," said Wilkinson. "Where is 
the guard ? Damn the guard — why don't they fire ? Do see what 
has become of the guard," said Lee. Poor Lee, the guards had 
fled I Colonel Harcourt's dragoons entered the house and took Lee, 
and conveyed him a prisoner of war to the British camp. They 
boasted of having taken the " American Palladium," for they con- 
sidered Lee the most scientific and experienced of the rebel generals.^ 

On the 26th September, 1775, Colonel Ethan Allen, of " Conti- 
nental Congress" renown, and Damons as the captor of Ticonderoga, 
WAS himself captured at Montreal, and sent to England to be tried 
for treason. He was confined there in Pendennis Castle, and, with- 
out a trial, he was returned to New York in 1776, a prisoner of 
war, and was not exchanged until May 6, 1778. 

On the other hand, by way of retaliation, the Americans were 
successful in making some wholesale captures of the British forces. 



* Irving*8 Life of Washington, f ^^^ t ^^' 



302 

At the battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776, the AmericanB, un- 
der General Washington, succeeded in capturing about 1000 Hes- 
sians under Colonel Rahl, among whom were about thirty-two 
GSHoen. Colonel Rahl was mortally wounded in the confused 
skirmish with the Americans, and soon after died. 

On the lYth October, 1777, General Burgoyne, of the British 
forces, and his whole army, surrendered to the Americans under 
General Gates; and on the 19th October, 1781, Lord Comwallis 
and his army surrendered to the Americans under General Wash- 
ington, at Yorktown, Va. The particulars of the above capitula- 
tions are too well understood by the American people to require 
explanation here, but the captives of those two armies were not 
confined by the Americans in loathsome dungeons, like the vohr 
mous British prisons in New York. 

On the ISth of January, 1777, General Washington wrote to Sir 
William Howe as follows: ^I am directed by Congress to propose 
an exchange of five of the Hessian field ofSoers taken at Trenton 
for Major-general Lee; <»*, if this proposal should not be accepted, 
to demand his liberty upon parole within certain bounds, as have 
ever been gpranted to your officers in our custody. I am informed, 
upon good authority, that your reason for keeping him hitherto in 
a stricter confinement than usual, is, that you do not look upon him 
in the light of a common prisoner of war, but as a deserter from 
the British service, as his resignation has never been accepted, and 
that you intend to try him as such by a court-martiaL I will not 
undertake to determine how fiir this doctrine may be justifiable 
among yourselves, but I must give you warning that Major-general 
Lee is looked upon as an officer belonging to, and under the pro- 
tection of the United Independent States of America, and any vio- 
lence you may commit upon his life and liberty, will be severely 
retaliated upon the lives and liberties of the British officers, or those 
of their foreign allies in our hands. I would beg that some certain 
rule of conduct towards prisoners may be settled ; and if you are 
determined to make captivity as distressing as possible, let me know 
it, that we may be upon equal terms, for your conduct shall regu- 
late mine.'' 



WASHINOTON^S OOBB&BPC»n>SlfOS ABCnrt PBIBONSBS. 908 

^I am sorry," writes he to Lord Geoi^e Howe, on the subject of 
the naval prisoners, ^ that I am under the disagreeable necessity of 
troubling your lordship with a letter, almost wholly on the subject 
of the cruel treatment which our officers and men in the naval 
department, who are unhappy enough to &11 into your hands, re- 
ceive on board the prison-ships in the harbor of New York. From 
the opinion I have ever been taught to entertain of your lordship^s 
humanity, I will not suppose that you are privy to proceedings of 
so cruel and unjustifiable a nature ; and I hope that, upon making 
the proper inquiry, you will have the matter so regulated, that the 
unhappy persons whose lot is captivity, may not in future have the 
miseries of cold, disease, and £»mine, added to their other misfor- 
tunes. Tou may call us rebels, and say that we deserve no better 
treatment, but remember, my lord, that, supposing m rebels, we 
still have feelings as keen and sensible as loyalists ; and will, if forced 
to it, most assuredly retaliate upon those upon whom we look as 
the unjust invaders of our rights, liberties, and properties. I should 
not have said thus much, but my injured countrymen have long 
called upon me to endeavor to obtiun a redress of their grievances, 
and I should think myself as culpable as those who inflict such 
severities upon them, were I to continue silent." 

Both Lord Howe and Sir William Howe, in their answers, affect- 
ed to believe that the American prisoners were not severely treated, 
and appeared ignorant of the brutal tyranny of Cunningham, the 
provost marshal, over the unfortunate but firmly patriotic pris- 
oners. 

Some difficulties and misunderstandings arose relative to the case 
of General Lee, which put an end to operations with respect to ne- 
gotiations for the exchange of prisoners, and those on both sides 
had to suffer on in consequence, and with them, the brave and ec- 
centric captor of Ticonderc^a, Ethan Allen. 

A tariff for the exchange of prisoners was fixed upon by Major- 
general Phillips on the pai-t of the British, and a committee of offi- 
cers, prisoners at New York, on the part of the Americans, in 1779, 
in which a sergeant was reckoned equal to two privates, an ensign 
to four, a lieutenant to six, a captain to sixteen, a major to twenty- 



304 H0BR0B8 OF THE FSIB0N8. 

eight, a lieutenant-colonel to seventy-two, a colonel to one hundred, 
A brigadier-general to two hundred, a major-general to three hun- 
dred and seventy-two, a lieutenant-general to a thousand and forty- 
four, an adjutant and quartermaster to six, each, a surgeon to six, a 
surgeon's mate to four, a surgeon of hospitals to sixteen, deputies 
and assistants to six, each, and all other officers in proportion, to be 
r^ulated by their rank in the line. 

Prom September 16, 1776, to November 26, 1783, nearly the 
entire period of the revolutionary war, New York remained in the 
hands of the British, and was made the head-quarters of the foulest 
tyranny over helpless prisoners ever known in the darkest ages of 
the world. The bastiles of Europe never furnished such a picture. 
Jerusalem within, besieged by the Romans without, never felt the 
horrors of the New York prisons ; the fear of which stimulated the 
American nerve to fight with desperation, and die, if he could, 
rather than be doomed to this awful incarceration. The bones of 
the martyrs washed, naked and exposed, on the shores of the Walla- 
bout, brought forth fruit unto liberty and constituted a prominent 
pillar in the glorious fabric of American freedom. These bones 
inspired the living patriot. Let a monument over them be erected 
to the skies ! 

** The new jail,^ says Mr. Lossing in his Field Book, " was made 
a provost prison, where American officers, and the most eminent 
whigs, who fell into the hands of the British, were confined. Here 
was the theatre of Cunningham's brutal conduct towards the vic- 
tims of his spite. The prisoners were formally introduced to him, 
and their name, age, size, and rank, were recorded. They were 
then confined in the gloomy cells, or to the equally loathsome up- 
per chamber, where the highest officiab in captivity were so closely 
crowded together, that when, at night, they laid down to sleep on 
the hard plank floor, they could change position only by all turn- 
ing over at once, at the words, right — UfL Their food was scanty 
and of the poorest kind, oflen that which Cunningham had ex- 
changed at a profit for better food received from their friends or the 
commissariat. Little delicacies, brought by friends of the captives, 
seldom reached them ; and the brutal Cuniiinghain would some- 



HOBBOBS OF THB PRISONS. 305 

times devoar or destroy such offerings of affection in the presence 
of his victims, to gratify his cruel propensities. 

^ Thus for many months gentlemen of fortune and education, who 
had lived in the enjoyment of the luxuries and refined pleasures of 
elegant social life, were doomed to a miserable existence, embittered 
by the coarse insults of an ignorant, drunken Irish master. 

'' The prison-ships were intended for seamen taken on the ocean, 
yet some soldiers were confined in them. These lay in Gravesend 
Bay, and there many of the prisoners taken in the battle near 
Brooklyn were confined until the British took possession of New 
York, when they were removed to prisons in the city. In 1778 the 
hulks of decaying ships were moored in the Wallabout, a sheltered 
bay on Long Island shore, where the present Navy-yard is. There, 
in succession, the Whitby^ Good Hope, Scorpion^ Prince of Wdie9^ 
Falmouth^ Hunter, StromboUy and half a dozen of less note were 
moored, and contained hundreds of American seamen captured on 
the high seas. The sufferings of these captives were intense, and 
at the dose of 1779 they set fire to two of them, hoping to secure 
either liberty or death. 

"In 1780 the Jersey was placed in the Wallabout, and used as a 
prison-ship till the close of the war, when she was left to decay on 
the spot where her victims suffered. 

^ The name and character of each prisoner were registered when 
he first came on board. He was then placed in the hold, frequently 
with a thousand others, a large portion of them covered with filthy 
ags, often swarming with vermin. Every morning the prisoners 
brought up their bedding to be aired, and, after washing the decks^ 
they were allowed to remain above till sunset, when they were or- 
dered below with imprecations, and the savage cry, * Down^ rebeU, 
down P The hatches were then closed, and in serried ranks they 
lay down to sleep, if possible, in the putrid air and stifling heat, 
amid the sighs of the acutely distressed and the groans of the dying. 
Each morning the hai^h order came below, * EeheU^ turn out your 
dead J The dead were selected from the living; each sewed in his 
blanket, if he had one, and thus conveyed in a boat to the shore by 
his companions, under guard, and hastily buried. 



806 HORBOB8 OF THB PKIB0N8. 

^ So shallow were the graves of the dead on the shores of the 
Wallahout, that while the ships were yet sending forth their vic- 
timsy the action of the waves and the drifting qf the loose sand often 
exposed the bones of those previously buried. Tear after year this 
revolting exhibition might be seen, and yet no steps were taken to 
preserve the remains <^ the martyred patriots until 1803, when 
Samuel L. Mitchell presented a memorial to Congress, in behalf of 
the Tammany Society of New York, soliciting a tomb for the mar- 
tyrs. The prayer of the petitioners was not granted, and no further 
l^rislative action was had.'* 

At the second session of the twenty-seventh Congress, in 1642, 
as shown by Report No. 1026, the Common Council of the city of 
Brooklyn again took this subject in hand, and petitioned the Na- 
tional Legislature to bury, and erect a monument over, the bones of 
the revolutionary patriots who perished in the Briti^ prisons and 
prison-ships in New York. The bones are now deposited in tiie 
ground owned in 1842 by Benjamin Romaine, Esq., on Long Island. 
The committee of Congress to whom this petition was referred, 
made an adverse report, for fear of establishing a precedent for 
other similar petitions 1 Will not this rich, powerful, and inde- 
pendent nation, even at the sacrifice of her last dollar, reconsider 
the matter, grant the petition, and erect the monument ? 

The imprisoned, emaciated, and dying patriots, in the dark 
hours of 1 780, when nearly all hope of independence had fled for- 
ever, and when the deserter, tory, and traitor stalked over the land 
in fearful combination, reached forth their skeleton handa, wrote, 
and bequeathed this task to their countrymen in th^ dying hours : 
** K you are victorious, and our country emerges free and independ- 
ent from the contest in which she is now engaged, but the end of 
which we are not permitted to see, bury us in her soil, and engrave 
our names on the monument yon shall erect over our bones, as vic- 
tims who willingly surrendered their lives as a portion of the price 
paid for your liberties, and our departed spirits will never murmur, 
or regret the sacrifice we made to obtain for you the Ueesings you 
enjoy." 



PSBOHSBS or WAB. 307 

ThA following is a List of the PrindjHd American Commissaries of 
Prisoners^ with a List of Cultured and Imprisoned Officers. 

Elias Boudinot, Commissary-general of Pnsoners, appointed in 

1776. 
John Bbattt, Commissary-general of Prisoners. 
Abraham Skinner^ do. do. 

John Adams, Assist do. do. 

John Bbooks, Assist Com. of Issues. 
Thomas Bradford, Com. of Prisoners, 
Lbwis Pintabd, Agent for the prisoners at New York. 
Thomas Franklin, Agent for the prisoners at Philadelphia. 

Charles Lsb, Major-gbnxral, 

Seeond in command to the Commander-in-Chie( was captured at 
Baakinridge, N. J., in December, 1776, by Colonel Harcourti of the 
British drago<Mi8. A tory had visited the quarters of General Lee, 
to complain of the loss of a horse taken by his army, and on learn* 
ing the whereabouts of the particular quarters of General Lee, the 
tory rode e%hteen miles in the night to inform the British. Lee's 
quarters were three miles from the encampment of his army. At 
the time of his capture his guards had stacked arms, and were sun- 
ning themselves by the south side of the house, when the British 
dragoons galloped up, scattered the guards^ took Lee, without hat, 
and in his slippers and blanket-coat, and triumphantly clattering off 
to the British camp at Brunswick, delivered up their queer-looking 
specimeo of a prisoner. He was exchanged for General Prescott| 
oa the 6th <tf May, 1778. 

Maj. Gen. Lord Stirling 

Was taken prisoner at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, 
by the Hessians, under General De Heister, and was confined on 
board the British ship ^ Ei^e** for about one month, when he was 
exdianged for Governor Brown, of Providence Island, who had been 
captured by Commodore Hopkins. 



808 PBIB0NSB8 OF WAB. 

Maj. Gbm. John Sullivan 
Was also captared at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, 
by the Hessians, under the immediate command of Count Donop, 
and confined in the ^ Eagle,** with Lord Stirling ; but was paroled 
by Lord Howe, and sent by him to the Continental Congress with a 
verbal message, desiring a conference with a committee of that 
body. He remained a prisoner on parole for about three monthsi 
and was exchanged for General Prescott 

Maj. Gbn. Benjamin Lincoln 

Surrendered himself a prisoner of war to Sir Henry Clinton, at the 
fiftll of Charleston, May 12, 1780. He remained a prisoner on pa- 
role until November of the same year, when he was exchanged, aiui 
in the spring of 1781 joined General Washington. 

Maj. Gsn. William Moultrds 

Was the second in command at the fieg^ and &11 of CharleBt(«« 
He was, with General Lincoln, taken prisoner May 12, 1780, at the 
surrender of Charleston. He remained a prisoner on parole for 
about eighteen months, and returned to Charleston in 1782. 

CoL. Eh^HAN Allbn 

Was captured in his attack on Montreal, Sept 26, 1775, and car- 
ried to General Prescott, the commandant of the British post at 
that place. General Prescott asked him if he was that same Alloi 
who captured Ticonderoga. On being told he was the very man, 
Prescott shook his cane over his head, put himself in a great rage, 
called him a rebel, and threatened his neck with a halter. He was 
exchanged May 6, 1778, as before observed. 

Brio. Gbn. James Irvinb, 

Of the Pennsylvania militia, was captured in his attack on the 
British camp on Chestnut-Hill, near White Marsh, on the 6th of 
December, 1777. After a short skirmish, all his men fled, and left 
him wounded on the field. General Irvine was sent to Philadel- 



PBI80NSB8 OF WAB. 809 

pbia, and put in confinement there. He received fifty dollars from 
Thomas Franklin, the agent for the prisoners in that city, to cheer 
him in his dnngeon. In January, 1778, he was removed to New 
York. On the 8d December, 1780, Mr. Skinner, the ConmiiBsary- 
general, advanced him 4000 continental dollars, which, at the enor- 
mons rate of depreciation then existing, profited him bat little. He 
was exchanged June 1, 1781. General Washington, before he was 
properly acquainted with him, called him Ewing^ which gave rise 
to many errors among historians about his name. To settle this 
question, he will be again referred to in a future page. 

Col. Nicholas Lutz, 
Of tiie Pennsylvania flying-Camp, was captured at the battle of 
Long Island, August 27, 1776. On the 16th April, 1777, he was 
admitted to parole within certain bounds, and was exchanged Sep- 
tember 10, 1779. He returned to his home at Reading, Pa., where 
he must have died shortly after, for it does not appear that he 
ever called on the conmiissaries of prisoners for any thing that may 
have been due him during his imprisonment and parole. 

Col. Michael Swops, 
Of the Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, a Fort Washington prisoner, 
was captured November 16, 1776. He was released on parole 
June 23, 1778, but again called into New York on the 8th of Au- 
gusty 1779, where he had to endure the confinement of his fellow- 
prisoners, martyrs for patriotism. He was exchanged at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., on the 26th of January, 1781, and returned home to 
Yorktown, Pa., on foot, a distance of 170 miles. He was very well 
supplied by Mr. Pintard, at New York, with " Continental dollars," 
which he readily sold at the rate of seventy-five for one in specie 
in the spring of 1780! The current exchange of the day was 
forty for one in specie, but the poor prisoners, robbed of liberty, 
money, and life, could not get the advantages of the money market. 

Major George Tudor, 
Of the dd Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded by Colonel Lam- 



810 



PKISONKBS OF WAR. 



heart Oadwallader, was oaptnred at Fort Waahingtoiu At the tame 
of his capture he was a captain^ and the following soldiers of his 
company were taken prisoners with him on the memorahle lOth of 
November, 1116 : 



Oharlee Fleming, 
John Wright, 
Jamea McEinnej, 
Bbeneser StiUe, 
Jftoob Leinhart, 
Abrmham Van Gorden, 
Peter Danbert, 
William Carbnrj, 
John MoDowelly 
William McEagne^ 
Henry Parker, 
Jamee Barni^ 
Henry Kepler, 
BaltuB Weigh, 
Charles Beaeon, 
Leonard Huber, 
John McOirroll, 
Jaoob Goiger, 



John May, 
Daniel Adanu^ 
George McCormiek, 
Jacob Kettle, 
Jaoob Miller, 
George Neaaon, 
James Kearney, 
David Sutor,* 
Adam Bridel, 
Christian Moll, 
Daniel MeEnight, 
Cornelios Westbrook* 
Luke Murphy, 
Joseph Conklin, 
Adam Dennis, 
Edward Ogden, 
William Sooonorer, 
James Bosenoranta. 



Those unfortnnate and devoted patriots endnred tiie horrors of 
the prison-ships and prison-houses of New York ; nor is it known 
that they were ever exchanged by a kinder inteiposition than death. 
They lived to inscribe their names high up on the sombre walls of 
their prison, and died martyrs for the cause of American fieedom, 
i^pealing with their fellow-prisoners to their countrymen that in 
case American Independmice should ever be achieved, « moniiroent 
would be erected over their bones, which were washed and exposed 
on the shores of the Wallabout. 

Major Tudor was exchanged May 10, 1778, and repahed quickly 
to jdn his regiment, t^en at Schoharie, N.T. 

Major Thomas L. BvLSff, 
Of Colonel Lambert Oadwallader's dd Pennsylvania Regiment, was 
another of fJie prisoners of Fort Washington, captured November 



PB160NEB8 OF WAB. 811 

16, 1776. He was Captain from the Itt of Angnst, 1776, to June 
8, 1777, when he was promoted to Migor. He was ezchaoged 
Mareh 1, 1778, and hastened to join his regiment at Valley Foige. 
He died in service <m the first day of February, 1779. 

Major Johit Poulsoh, 
Of the 8th Virginia Regiment, was captured October 5, 1777. He 
was Captain from July 1, 1777, to May 12, 1779, when he was 
promoted to Major. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, at 
Elixabethtown, N. J., and returned to his home in Accomack coun- 
ty, Va, He subsequently j<MBed the army, and served to the end 
of the war* 

Abjutakt John Johnbok, 
Of Oolond Baxter^s ¥lying-Camp, was ci^tured at Fort Washing' 
ton, November 16, 1776. He received 3650 Continental dollars 
and £204 while imprisoned. He was exchanged Novembw 2, 1780, 
and returned to his home in Buckingham township, Buck's county. 
Pa., when his militaiy career seems to have ended. 

Adjutavt Davisl Exnnxdt, 

Of the 6th Pennsylvania Beginoent, was captured April 17, 1778. 
He was Sergeant from September 1, 1776, to February 16, 1777, 
when he was promoted to lieutenant, and to Adjutant the 15th of 
June, 1777. Prisoners always received promotion according to rule 
as though they were in active service. M^r Samuel Benexet 
kindly supplied Adjutant Kennedy with money and provisions. It 
iq>pear8 that he spent most of the time of his captivity in Phila- 
delphia, and received the special attention of Colonel William Pal- 
frey, Paymaster-generaL He was exchanged August 1, 1780. 

Fbrdimand J. S. Db Brahm, 
Major of Engineers, was captured at the surrender of Charleston, 
May 12, 1780. He was confined a prisoner in that city, and re- 
ceived cash and supplies to the amount of about 3000 Continental 
doll«a from John Sanford Dart, Deputy Paymaster-general for the 



812 PBIB0NEB8 OF WAB. 

Southern Army, and Mr. Fisher, OommiBeary of Prisoners. He 
was exchanged April 22, 1781, and appeared in Philadelphia on 
the I7th of July of that year, where he succeeded in selling his 
** Continental dollars" at the rate of forty for one in specie. 

Barok Charles Dx Fret, 

Captain of light-dragoons in Coont Pulaski's Legion. He was 
captured February 1, 1778, and released July 1, 1778. 

Captaik WnxiAif Crawford, 
Of the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania, another Fgrt Washington 
captive, taken November 16, 1776. He was Lieutenant from Sep- 
tember 1, 1776, to May 1, 1777, when he was promoted to Cap- 
tain. He received supplies from Lewis Pintard, agent for the New 
York prisoners, and was exchanged December 18, 1780. He re- 
turned to Philadelphia, and subsequently returned to his r^ment^ 
and served to the end of the war. 

Captain John Richardson, 
Of the 6th Regiment of Pennsylvania, another Fort Washington 
prisoner, taken November 16, 1776. He received supplies from 
Lewis Pintard, agent of the prisoners at New York, and was ex- 
changed October 81, 1778. He became a supernumerary on the 
new arrangement of the army in 1778, received "half-pay Novem- 
ber 1, 1778, to May 22, 1779, agreeable to a resolve of Congress of 
November 24, 1778," and "one year's pay allowed to supernumer- 
ary officers, agreeable to a resolve of Congress May 22, 1779." 

Captain Batsman Llotd, 
Of the 2d Regiment of New Jersey, was captured February 27, 
1778. He received his supplies from Lewis Pintard, at New York, 
and Thomas Franklin, at Philadelphia. He was exchanged at Eliz- 
abethtown, N. J., on the Ist of April, 1781, and made his way, 116 
miles on foot, to his place of abode in Salem, in that State. All the 
imprisoned officers were offered their liberty in case they would en- 
list in the British cause, and the inhuman keepers of their prisons 



PBI80NBK8 OF WAB. 313 

always held this temptation before them. Foul sabomatioii of 
treason ! Lord Howe, where was thy blush ? 

Captain Robert Sample, 

Of the 10th Regiment of Pennsylvania, was captured March 7, 
17*78. He received his supplies from Thomas Franklin at Phila- 
delphia, and Lewis Pintard and John Adams at New York. He 
was eiv)hanged*Nov%mber 4, 1780, at Elizabethtown, N. J., and re- 
tamed to his home, 170 miles, to Bucks county, Pa.^ but- returned 
to the army, and served to the end of the war. Captain Sample 
was a fine scholar and a meritorious officer. 

Captain Thomas McIntire 

Commanded an independent company. The circumstances of his 
capture and imprisonment appear nowhere on record, yet his name 
is among the prisoners of 1780. Ho was Ensign from August 1, 

1777, to January 1, 1778, when he was promoted to a Lieutenant; 
and on the 8th of March, 1779, he was made Captain of an Inde- 
pendent Company, and some part of his time harrassed the con- 
federated savages in the valley of the Wyoming. 

Captain Rob^t Caldwell, 
Of Colonel Samuel L Alice's Regiment. Captain Caldwell and Col- 
onel Atiee were both Fort Washington prisoners. I have met with 
DO particulars of Colonel AtWs imprisonment and exchange. Cap- 
tain Caldwell was Lieutenant from September 1, 1776, and was 
promoted to Captain November 16, 1776, the same day of his cap- 
ture. He received supplies from Lewis Pintard and Elias Boudinot 
at New York, and was exchanged April 15, 1779, at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., and made his way to Philadelphia, a distance of eighty 
miles. I have no account of his return to the service. 

Captain James Moore, 
Of Colonel HalPs Delaware Regiment, was captured January 20, 

1778. Lewis Pintard to Colonel Hall, under date of March 4, 1781, 
states that Captain Moore received from him, by order of JohL 

14 



314 PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Beatty, Commissaiy-geDeral of Prisoners, £107 *!$, 6d^ while a 
prisoner in New Yoric ; and Thomas Franklin says that he ad- 
vanced him £8 Is. 4^. at Philadelphia ; and John Adams at Elb* 
abethtown says he advanced him 276 Continental dollars. He was 
exchanged December 7, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and made bis way 
to Dover, in the State of Delaware, a distance of 170 miles. He 
soon joined his regiment, and dealt oat hot revenge on his re- 
morseless captors until the close of the war, ^^Ca^ /^^ • ^*^ 

Captain Matthbw Knox, 
Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader and Colonel John Shee's 3d Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, was another of the ill-starred Fort Washington 
prisoners, captured November 16, 1776. He was commissioned as 
Lieutenant January 5, 1776, and promoted to a captaincy October 
11, 1776, in the place of Captain West, promoted to Major. Lewis 
Pintard advanced him £72 7«. 8^. while a prisoner in New York. 
He received "half-pay from October 28, 1778, to May 22, 1779, 
agreeable to a resolution of Congress of the 24th of November, 
1778,** and '^one year's pay allowed to supernumerary officen, 
agreeable to a resolve of Congress of May 22, 1779." He was 
exchanged October 22, 1778, at Elizabethtown, and returned to his 
home in Philadelphia, a distance of eighty mites^ which appears to 
have closed his military career. 

Captain Samubl Cttlbertsok, 
Of Colonel Montgomery's Regiment of Flying-Camp, a Fort Wash- 
ington prisoner, was captured November 16, 1776. He was a 
prisoner, within certain bounds on Long Island, until August 16, 
1779, when he was ordered into the city prisons of New York. 
Lewis Pintard and Colonel Palfrey si^plied him in 1776 and 1777 
with money. He was exchanged November 2, 1780, at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., and made his way, 110 miles, to his place of abode 
at Yellow Springs, Pa. Captain Culbertson was posaeeaed of fine 
literary abilities, and military talentSb 



PKISOKEBS OF WAB. 815 

Captain John McDonald, 
Of Colonel Swope's Regiment of Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was 
another Fort Washington prisoner, captured November 16, 1*1*16, 
He was paroled on Long Island June 28, 177*7. I have no ac- 
connt of his place of confinement from the time of his capture to 
the time of his parole. He was ordered into the New York pris- 
ons on the 9th of August, 1779, and received supplies from Lewis 
Pintard, Agent, John Beatty and Abraham Skinner, Commissaries- 
general of Prisoners, and John Brooks, Assistant Commissary of 
Issues. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, N. J., November 2, 
1780, and made his way to his home in Torktown, a distance of 
170 miles. 

Captain Alszandbr Gratdon, 

Of Colonel Lambert Cadwallader's 3d Regiment of Pennsylvania, 
was also captured at Fort Washington, November 16, 1776. Cap- 
tain Graydon was confined on Long Island until July 7, J 777, when 
he was admitted to parole by the enemy, and visited General Wash- 
ington's camp at Morristown. Colonel Cadwallader kindly supplied 
Mrs. Graydon, at Reading, with money to the amount of £293 Qs. 
during her husband's imprisonment Captain Graydon was ex- 
changed by Elias Boudinot, Commissary-general of Prisoners, on 
the 15th of April, 1778, at Elizabethtown, from whence he returned 
to his place of abode at Reading, Pa., a distance of 136 miles. I 
have no accounts of his return to the service. He was a gentle- 
man of high literary attainments, and was the author of an ex- 
ceedingly interesting work entitled "Graydon's Memoirs of the 
Revolution." 

Captain John Stotesbury, 
Of the 11th and 6th Pennsylvania Regiments, was captured March 
10, 1778, and confined in Philadelphia until the 10th of June of 
the same year, when he was admitted to parole. On the 1st of 
January, 1779, he was called into New York, and confined there. 
He was supplied with money, &c, by Thomas Franklin, John 
Beatty, Lewis Pintard, Thomas Bradford, and John Adams. He 



816 PJUSONE{lS OF WAB. 

was exchanged December 81, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and made 
his way home to Philadelphia. Captain Stotesbory was a well- 
educated gentleman, and an efficient officer. 

Captain Robert Patton, 
Of the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment, was captured in a skirmish on 
the 27th October, 1776. He was supplied by Lewis Pintard, John 
Beatty, and Abraham Skinner, and was exchanged at Elizabeth- 
town, January 3, 1781, and went to his home at Yorktown. He 
soon returned to the army, and served to the end of the war. 

Captain Jambs Elliott 
Commanded an independent company in Pennsylvania. His name 
is found among the prisoners, but nothing as to the particulars of 
his capture and exchange. He was Lieutenant from February 27, 
1778, and Captain from March 8, 1779. No traces of his senrice 
are found beyond August 1, 1780, but circumstances warrant the 
presumption that he served to the end of the war. 

Lieutenant Matthew Bennett, 

Of Colonel Baxter^s Regiment of Flying-Camp, was another Fort 
Washington prisoner, captured November 16, 1776. He was im- 
prisoned in the city of New York, and received supplies from Lewis 
Pintard, and afterwards from John Adams, at Elizabethtown, and 
was exchanged at the latter place, December 8, 1780. He returned 
to his place of abode, in Bucks county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Robert Brown, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Washing- 
ton, November 16, 1776. He was confined in New York, and re- 
ceived supplies from Mr. Pintard, and from the Com. Gen., Mr. 
Skinner. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, January 25, 1781, 
and returned to his home in Northampton county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Lewis Johnston Costigin, 
Of the 1st Regiment of New Jersey, another Fort Washington pria- 



PRISONKIIS OF WAR. 317 

oner, was captured in a skirmish November 18, 1776, three days 
prior to the memorable 16th, He was confined in the New York 
Sugar-house, and received no supplies from the Commissaries. He 
seems to have been a special object of hate for his royal captors. 
He received " half-pay, agreeable to a resolve of Congress Novem- 
ber 24, 1780," and "one year's pay allowed tp supernumerary offi- 
cers by a resolve of Congress of May 22, 1779." He returned to 
his place of abode at New Brunswick, N. J., and it appears never 
afterwards took the field, — all of which is given as stated by a 
Thomas Lowry of those times. 

LiSUTBNAKT JoSEPH MaRTIN, 

Of Colonel Baxter's Flying-Camp, was another Fort Washington 
prisoner, captured November 16, 1776, and confined in New York 
city. He was supplied by Mr. Pintard and Mr. Bradford with spe* 
de and Continental currency, and was exchanged November 2, 
1770, at Elizabeth town. He returned to his place of abode, a dia* 
tance of 150 miles, in Northampton county. Pa. 

LiBUTSNANT WiLLIAM YoUNa, 

Of Colonel McAllister's Flying-Camp, a Fort Washington prisoner, 
captured November 16, 1776. He received his supplies from Mr. 
Boudinot, Com. Gen. of prisoners, and from Mr. Adams and Mr. 
Bradford. He was exchanged December 8, 1780, at Elizabeth- 
town, and returned to his home in Chansford township, York 
county. Pa., a distance of 166 miles. 

LiBUTEiffANT John Vano« Hyatt, 
Of Colonel Hall's Delaware Regiment, was captured by the British 
April 25, 1778. John Beatty, Commissary-general of Prisoners, 
supplied him with £107 5s. 2d.j through the hands of Lewis Pin- 
tard, agent for prisoners in New York. Mr. Skinner advanced him 
cash for 96 weeks' board, and Mr. Bradford, in June, 1781, forked 
over to him 1000 Continental dollars, which he sold at the rate of 
75 for 1 in specie. He was exchanged March 31, 1781, at Eliza- 
bethtown, and returned to his home, 140 miles, into the State of 



318 PRIfiONKBS OF WAR. 

Delaware, but subsequently joined his regiment, and served to the 
end of the war. 

LiBDTENANT ZaCHARIAS ShUOART, 

Of Colonel Swope's Pennsylvania Flying-Camp, was captured at 
Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in the city of 
New York. He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and Mr. Brad- 
ford : exchanged December 31, 1780, and returned home to Tork- 
town. 

LiSUTBNAKT HsZSKIAH DaVIS, 

Of Colonel Montgomery's Regiment of Flying-Camp, was captured 
at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and imprisoned in New 
York. He received from Mr. Pintard £64 lbs, 2d^ from Mr. 
Beatty, £143 7«. 4cf., eighty weeks' board from Mr. Skinner, 266 
ddlars from Mr. Adams, and 1469 dollars from Mr. Bradford. He 
was exchanged December 8, 1780, at Elizabethtown, and returned 
to his home in Chester county, Pa. 

Lieutenant Andrew Bobikson, 

Of the 11th Pennsylvania R^ment, commissioned September 13, 
1776, was captured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and 
confined in New York. He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and 
others, and a warrant for 1000 dollars from General Washington* 
He was exchanged January 4, 1781, and returned to his h<»ne in 
Yorktown, Pa. 

Lieutenant John Erwin, 
Of Colonel Baxter's Regiment of Flying-Camp, was captured at 
Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in New York. 
He received supplies from Mr. Pintard and Mr. Beatty, and was ex- 
changed at Elizabethtown February 18, 1781, and returned to his 
home in Bucks county. Pa. 

Lieutenant Thomas Wtnn, 
Of C<^onel Montgomery's Regiment t>f Flying-Camp, was also cap- 



PHiaONEBS OF WAB. 819 

tured at Fort Washington November 16, 1776, and confined in 
New York. He received some supplies from the agent for the 
prisoners in New York ; was exchanged at Elizabeth town January 
1, 1781, and returned to his home, a distance of 120 miles, in 
Chester county, Pa. 

Ldsutenabt Jonathan Smith, 

Of Colonel Bowman's 8th Virginia Regiment, was captured Octo- 
ber 1, 1777. He was Ensign until April 4, 1778, when he was 
promoted to a Lieutenant ' He was confined in New York, and 
received the attention of Mr. Pintard ; was exchanged December 
15, 1780, at Elizabeth town, and returned to his home at Fredericks- 
burg, Ya., a distance of 860 miles, but returned to his regiment^ and 
served to the end of the war. 

LiBUTSNANT BOBBRT DaRUNOTON, 

Of Colonel Watts* Regiment of Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort 
Washington, November 16, 1776, and was confined on Long Island. 
He was admitted to parole May 26, 1777, but was ordered into the 
New York city prisons on the 17th of August, 1779, where he was 
supplied by Mr. Pintard and Mr. Beatty, and was honored, on the 
6th of June, 1777, with a warrant for 167 dollars from his Excel- 
lency General Washington. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown 
on the 14th of May, 1781, and returned to his home in Chester 
county, Pa. Lieutenant Darlington was an ^able officer, a ripe 
achobuv and polite gentleman." 

Ldeutbnant Samuel MoOlellan, 

Of Colonel Montgomery's Flying-Camp, was also captured at Fort 
Washington, November 16, 1776, and confined on Long Island. 
He was admitted to parole on the 20th of May, 1777, but was on 
the 29th of September, 1779, ordered into the prisons in New York. 
He received the attention of Mr. Pintard, Mr. Skinner, and Mr. 
Adams, who furnished him with supplies. He was exchanged 
Dea 7, 1780, and returned to his home in Chester county. Pa. 



PBISONEBS OF WAB. 

Lieutenant Warner "Wynn, 

Of Colonel Montgomery's Flying-Camp, was captured at Fort Wash- 
ington, November 16, 1776, and confined in New York, where Mr. 
Pintard advanced hira £10 10s. Sd. There appears no account of 
his exchange, and the time of his imprisonment cannot be ascer- 
tained beyond May 1, 1777. It would appear that he escaped from 
the British and joined the Americans in his former company. 

David Love, Surgeon 

To the North Carolina Brigade, appears among the New York pris- 
oners, yet no account of his capture nor exchange can be found* 
He served as Surgeon from 18th August, 1779, to August 1, 1781, 
and received 76 dollars per month pay. 

Ensign John Thompson, 
Of Colonel Morgan's Pennsylvania Militia, was captured January 3, 
1777, and confined in New York, where Mr. Pintard advanced him 
£64 and 300 dollars. He was exchanged at Elizabethtown, August 
26, 1778, and returned to his place of abode in Philadelphia coun- 
ty. Pa. 

The foUawing List of American Prisoners were released from cap- 
tivity at Elizahetktowny N, t/l, by John Adams, Commissary of 
Prisoners, at the date vjritten opposite their names, 

John Harper, Brigade Miyor, Pa., Nov. 4, 1780. 

John Wells, Major, 2d Va. Regt., Nov. 8, 1780. 

William B. Giflbrd, Lieutenant, 8d N. J. Regt., Nov. 22, 1780. 

Gabriel Blakenej, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Nov. 22, 1780. 

John Riley, Lieutenant, Col. Webb's Conn. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

William Robertson, Adjutant, 9th Va. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

Joseph Payne, Ensign, 9th Va. Regt., Deo. 8, 1780. 

Asa Lay, Lieutenant, Col. Meigs' Conn. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

Abraham Stout, Lieutenant, 2d N. J. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

Ebenezer West, Adjutant, Col. Ely's Conn. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 

William Martin, Lieutenant, Col. Proctor's Pa. Artillery, Dec. 4, 1780. 

James Smith, Lieutenant, Col. Proctor's Pa. Artillery, Doc 4, 1780. 

John Cozens, Captain, N. J. Regt., Dec. 8, 1780. 



PEISONBBS OF WAB. 321 

Samuel MoElhatton, Ensign, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

John Crawford, Lieutenant, Cd. Watts* Flying-Camp, Deo. 8, 1780. 

Ephraim Hunter, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Deo. 8, 1780. 

Henry Clayton, Lieutenant, Col. Swope's Flying-Camp, Deo. 8, 1780. 

Benjamin Davis, Lieutenant, Col. Montgomery's Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Hugh King, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Dec. 8, 1780. 

Jacob Mnmme, Ensign, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Deo. 8, 1780. 

Thomas Warman, Lieutenant, Col. Bawling's Md. Begt., Deo. 8, 1780. 

Samuel Fisher, Captain, 2d Begt. Northumberland Militia, Deo. 8, 1780. 

Joseph Thompson, Lieut. Col. of Massachusetts, Dec 8, 1780. 

Henry Lyles, Lieutenant, 8d Md. Begt., Deo. 22, 1780. 

James Winchester, Lieutenant, 8d Md. Begt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
-> Abraham Watson, Captain, 8d Mass. Begt., Dec. 22, 1780. 
— Jonathan Maynard, Lieutenant, 7th Mass. Begt., Deo. 22, 1780. 

Stephen Townsend, Ensign, 6th Mass. Begt., Deo. 22, 1780. 

Thomas Parker, Lieutenant, 9th Va. Begt, Dec. 22, 1780. 

Thomas Paine, Lieutenant, 9th Va. Begt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

James Anderson, Lieutenant, Col. Hazen's Begt., Dec 22, 1780. 

Ebenezer Carson, Lieutenant, 10th Pa. Begt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Jacob Weaver, Captwn, 10th Pa. Begt., Dec. 22, 1780. 

Levi Bradley, Ensign, 4th Mass. Begt, Deo. 22, 1780. 

James Whitlock, Lieutenant, Monmouth Militia, Dec. 22, 1780. 

Samuel Culver, Ensign, Col. Cook's Begt, Dec 22, 1780. 

J. Brainard, Lieutenant, 4th Begt. State Troops, Dec. 22, 1780. 

John Smith, Lieutenant, Col. Walker's Va. Begt., Dec 22, 1780. 

William Ellis, Major, N. J. Militia, Dec. 22, 1780. 

John Weidman, Lieutenant, German Begt., Pa., Deo. 80, 1780. 

John Ecdeston, Major, 5th Md. Begt., Dec 80, 1780, 

William Hill, Lieutenant, 2d Maryland Begt., Dec 80, 1780. 

Aquilla Giles, Major and Aid-do-Camp to Maj. Gen. St Clair, Nov. 10, 1780. 
^ Biohard Dorsey, Captain, Md. Artillery, a prisoner on parole from the spring 
of 1781 to the end of the war. 

Capt. John Reid acted as escort of the British prisoners from Fort 
Frederick, in Maryland, to Elizabethtown, N. J., the place of ex- 
change. 

The following List of American OfficerSy prisoners at New Torky 
were exchanged by Abraham Skinner^ Commissary-general of 
Prisoners^ on or abont the dates opposite their names, ' 

John Ely, Colonel, Connecticut, Dec. 5, 1780. 

Nathaniel Bamsay, Lieut Colonel, Maryland line, Dec. 14, 1780. 

Luke Marbury, Colonel, Maryland Militia, March 26, 1781. 



822 PBI80NERS OF WAB. 

James Abbott, Eii»ign, Ely's Conn. Rcgt, Dec 17, 1781. 

Willism Andrews, Lieutenant, Crane's Mass. Artillery, March 19, 1781. 

Richard Andrews, Lieatenant, 2d N. C. Begt, March 26, 1781. 

George Blewer, Lieatenant, 4th Pa. Begt., Jan. 29, 1781. 

Henry Brewster, Lieutenant, Allison's N. Y. Begt., Dec. 17, 1780. 

Edward Bulkley, Lieutenant, Webb's Conn. Begt, Dec 17, 1780. 

Qabriel Blakeley, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Not. 88, 1780. 

Charles Clark, Lieutenant, Col. Watts' Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 

Joseph Cox, Deutenant, 6th Fa. Begt, Jan. 29, 1781. 

Charles Croxall, Lieutenant, 11th Pa. Begt., Nov. 28, 1780. 

John Craig, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Mar. 19, 1781. 

Ephraim Douglass, Quartermaster, 8th Pa. Begt., Nov. 27, 1780. 

John Duguid, Lieutenant, 8d Pa. Begt., Nov. 10, 1780. 

John H. Finley, Lieutenant, 5th Pa. B^, Jan. 22, 1781. 

William Ferguson, Captain, Col. Proctor's Pa. Artillery, Dec 1, 1780. 

Samuel Finley, Lieutenant, Pa. Artillery, Nov. 2, 1780. 

James W. Gray, Captain, 5th Md. Begt., Feb. 10, 1781. 

Jesse Grant, Lieutenant, Col. Webb's Conn. Begt, Dec. 17, 1780. 

George Gilchrist, Captain, 9th Va. Begt., Nov. 2, 1780. 

William George, Lieutenant, Bawling's Md. Begt, Nov. 2, 1780. 

Erasmus Gill, Lieutenant, 4th Pa. Begt of Dragoons, Got 22, 1780. 

John Green, Ensign, Pa. Militia, Mar. 26, 1781. 

Elisha Hopkins, Adjutant, Col. Webb's Conn. Begt, Dec 17, 1780. 

Henry Hambright, Captun, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Edward Hall, Lieutenant, 16th additional regiment Md., Nov. 5, 1780. 

James Janney, Lieutenant, 5th Begt Pa., Jan. 29, 1781. 

James Jones, Lieutenant, Pa. Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 

Daniel Jamison, Lieutenant, Col. Baxter's Flying-Camp, Mar. 26, 1781. 

James Kronkhite, Captain, Col. Drake's N. T. Begt, Dec. 17, 1780. 

Isaac Eeeler, Lieutenant, Col. Drake's N. Y. Begt, Mar. 19, 1781. 

Thomas H. Luoket, Lieutenant, Md. Line, Nov. 2, 1780. 

Samuel Logan, Mi^'or, N. Y. Militia, Dec. 21, 1780. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, Lieutenant, 2d S. C. Begt, April 18, 1781. 

Henry Murfits, Lieutenant, Pa, Flying-Camp, Jan. 29, 1781. 

George Mathews, Colonel, 9th Va. Begt, Dec. 5, 1781. 

John Mercer, Lieutenant, Ist N. J. Begt, Nov. 6, 1780. 

Sands Niles, Ensign, Col. Ely's Conn. Begt., Mar. 19, 1781. 

Solomon Pendleton, Lieutenant, Col. Dubois' N. Y. Begt, Feb. 8, 1781. 

William Preston, Captain, Pa. Militia Artillery, Jan. 29, 1781. 

David Poor, Lieutenant, Col. Hutchinson's Mass. Regt, Dec. 17, 1780. 

Nathaniel Pendleton, Lieutenant, C^l. Bawling's Md. Begt, Oct 18, 1780. 

Abraham l*ar8on8. Lieutenant, N. J. Militia, Mar. 26, 1781. 

Thomas Bouse, Ensign, 2d Md. Begt., Feb. 10, 1781. 

Thomas Beed, Ensign, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Samuel Butberford, Ensign, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 

Cornelius Swartwout, Captain, N. Y. Artillery, Dec. 17, 1780. 



PSISONJCBSL OF WAB. . 

Henry Swiutwoat, Lieutenant, Col. Dubois* N. T. Regt, Deo. 17, 1780. 
Roger Staynor, Captain, Pa. Flying-Camp, Nov. 4, 1780. 
Smith Snead, Captain, 9th Va. Kegt., Nov. 2, 1780. 
Andrew ThomptH>n, Ensign, Col. Spenoer^s Begt., Deo. 17, 1780. 
Edward Tillard, Major, Congress Begt., Nov. 2, 1780. 
John Willis, Captain, 8th Va. Begt., Jan. 29, 1781. 
^benezer West, Adjutant, Col. Ely^s Conn. Begt, Deo. 8, 1780. 
^ Bobert Walker, Lieutenant, Col. Brewer^s Begt, April 4, 1761. 

Note.— The preceding list includes all the principal captive officers of the 
Continental army who> remuned in prison any considerable length of time. 
Many others were captured, but soon exchanged. We have no account of the 
naval prisoners Arom which any thing like a complete list could be made. 

If there is any class of patriots more deserving of the gratitude of a nation 
than another, it is these captives, who dwelt in dungeons for their country's 
sake. Their names should be quickly snatched from the verge of oblivion, and 
inscribed in letters of gold upon the loltieet monument ever erected to perpet- 
Tiate the memories of a nation's birth. 



GENERAL ORDERS AND COURTS MARTIAL 



GOMMANDER-IN-OHIEF, AND OTHER DISTINGUISHED OFFICEBS^ 
IN 1176, im, AND 1178. 



W1LLIAM8BUBO, April 1, 1116. 

For the future, the Quartermaster-general, the Commiaeary, and 
Wagonmaster, will attend regularly at head-quarters at 10 o'clock, 
unless detached on public business — a return to be given in of am- 
munition, ordinance, &c. 

The General has observed that detachments of troops march into 
and out of town without the least ceremony, contrary to all mili- 
tary customs and regulations. The Adjutant-general will post a 
sufficient number to prevent such irregularities in future. The field- 
officers of the day will be responsible that no party enter in or 
march out of the town without previously acquainting the General 
or commanding officer of the place. Field-officer for to-morrow — 
Colonel Bucknor. On guard — Captain Massie, Lieutenant Talie- 
ferro. Lieutenant Avery, Lieutenant Curd. 

By order, 

A. Lewis, Brig. (Jen. 

W1LLIAM8BUR0, April 4, 1116. 
The Continental Congress has appointed Thomas Bullitt Deputy 
Adjutant-general, with the rank of Lieutenant-colonel. He is to be 
obeyed and respected as such. The 6th regiment to be under arms 
to-morrow at 10 o'clock. Major Green is the field-officer to-mor- 
row. 

A. Lewis, B. G. 



ADJT. OEN. BULLITT^ ORDEBS. 825 

WiLUAicsBURG, April 4, 17*76. 
A subaltern and twenty-five men will take the guard at the point 
of Queen's Creek (now consisting of only a Sergeant and twelve 
men). The subaltern is to detach from his guard a Corporal and 
six men to the point of King's Creek, below Mr. BurwelPs house. 
Sentinels must be placed on the point, to give notice of any tenders 
or enemy's vessels. This subaltern guard to be released weekly. 

Thomas Bullitt, D. A. Gen. 

Willi AM8BUE0, May 8, 1776. 

As General Lee will remain here but a few days, all returns of 
guards, fatigues, and duties of every kind, will be given to General 
Lewis. The Captains of the dififerent companies are desired to 
consign over to Captain William Green, Lieutenant Timothy Kelly, 
and Josiah Singleton, mate of the Roe galley, whatever men they 
• have in their respective companies for sea and river service. 

William Russell is appointed Wagonmaster-general until the 
pleasure of Congress is known. 

It was established by General Washington, as a mark of distinc- 
tion, that the general officers, aides-de-camp, and brigade-majors 
might be known to tlie soldiers, that a Major-general should wear a 
purple or blue ribbon, a Brigadier, a pink or light red, the Staff* and 

Adjutant-general, a green, Ac, 

Thomas Bullitt, D. A. Gen. 

WiLLiAMSBUBO, May 12, 1776. 

As the office of Quartermaster-general in all armies is an office 

of the highest trust and dignity, and generally honored with a rank 

in proportion to the trust ; and the present Quartermaster-general 

of the Continental army in Canada having the rank of Colonel, 

General Lee thinks he shall not do justice to Mr. Finney, whose real 

activity and abilities, from his short acquaintance, gives him the 

greatest reason to recommend him to the Congress as a subject on 

whom they ought to confer some respectable rank. Mr. Finney, 

until further action of the Congress, is to hold rank as youngest 

Lieutenant-colonel in the army. 

Charles Lbb. 



336 0BDBB8 FOB OUAJBD. 

MiDDLiBEOOi; June 12, 17Y7 
The General thinks it necessary to establish the following regu- 
lations for guard, and hopes that ojQficers will consider them as 
the rule of practice, and make themselves well acquainted with 
them : 

When any guard arrives at the post assigned it, the officer*s first 
care must be to place his sentinels properly, according to circum- 
stances. The guard should remain under arms while this is doing, 
and if it be at an outpost, or anywhere near the enemy, temporary 
sentries should be placed at a small distance to avoid surprise while 
the conmiissioned officer reconnoitres the situation of the post to 
know where his sentries should be placed for a continuance. This 
is to be done in case the ground has not been beforehand exam- 
ined, and particular direction given about the matter, or in case 
he does not relieve some other guard ; but if he relieves another, 
he is to receive all the orders given to the officer of the old guard, 
on receiving which, together with those he received from the brig- 
adier and field-officers of the day, he is punctually to observe. If 
any difference between them arises, he is to obey the latter in pref- 
erence. He is inounediately to send a party under a trusty officer 
of the old guard to relieve the sentries thereof who are to return 
to the guards they belong to. If the guard be of such a nature, 
as other matters, other than the security of the post, may be in- 
trusted to it, they must be contained in a written report^ and an 
officer of the new, accompanied by an officer of the old, must be 
sent to take them in charge, comparing the things themselves with 
the report, and seeing all is right. 

The sentries of the old guard having joined it, the officer is to 
march it back whence it came in the greatest order and decorum, 
then send off the detachments, under an officer to each, to join their 
corps, observing regularity on the way. After placing his sentries, 
the officer of the new guard is to make the men lodge their 4Uins, 
first giving them the orders necessary to govern their conduct. 
Care must be taken to lodge their arms in such a manner that each 
man may have recourse to his own in a moment In most cases 
it is best the arms should be grounded on the guard parade during 



OBDSR8 FOS GUABD. 827 

the day. No man to put off his accoutrements on any pretence 
whatever. 

This done, the commanding officer, attended by a couple of men, 
18 to visit all his sentries, to see that they are posted right, and in- 
struct them in the line of their duty. His next care is to take 
such precaution for the security of his post by forming abatis, 
digging ditches, and raising parapets, as circumstances require. To 
guard against a surprise, or repel any sudden attack, he will make 
himself acquainted, not only with all the great roads leading to the 
enemy, or army he belongs to, but he should search out every by- 
path and avenue, by which he may the more easily send his par- 
ties to reconnoitre the enemy, and make his retreat good in any 
emergency. He should have scouting parties all day and patrols 
all night, going towards the enemy in his rear and on his flanks, 
to give intelligence of their motions, and timely notice of any at- 
tempts they may be making. If the notice can be given without 
firing, it will be best ; if not, it must be done by firing — the scouts 
and patrols retreating by way of the sentries to alarm them. 

Visiting rounds should be going all night to see that the sentries 
are at their posts, alert, and acquainted with every particular of 
their duty. 

The break of day being the most favorable time for an attack or 
surprise of a guard, officers will be careful not to turn out his guard 
until an hour after sunrise, and to have his visiting rounds and pa- 
trols going more than ordinary. From watching through the 
night, they towards morning grow drowsy and listless, and are the 
more liable to a surprise. An officer's reputation calls for him to 
guard against this evil. 

A guard is bound to maintain their post as long as possible ; 
hut if likely to be overpowered with numbers, it is best to make a 
skirmishing retreat, filing all the way it goes to give the alarm, 
and taking advantage of every defile, morass, wood, and every ad- 
vantageous spot it can find, ta delay the enemy. If the enemy do 
not pursue, but return after having dislodged the guai-d, it is to re- 
sume the post, first taking measures to be sure all is safe. 

If two guards are so placed as to have the same object in view, 



OKDEBd FOB GUARD. 

and depend npon each other, they must be attentive to every thing 
that befall one another, and act in concert If either is attacked, 
the other must not only put itself in a posture of defence, but must 
keep patrols continually going, to bring intelligence of what is do- 
ing. If the one attacked retreats, the other must retreat also ; if it 
returns, the other must in like manner. These things depend on 
circumstances, and the orders of the Brigadier-general and field- 
officers of the day ; and parties of whatever kind coming towards 
the outward are to be stopped by the out-sentries, and notice 
given to the guard, which in most cases is to be turned out, and the 
officer in most cases to send a proper person to examine such par- 
ties, and give his orders accordingly. All flags must be stopped 
at the out-sentries, and the officer of the guard to meet them 
there. If they are charged with letters, or any matters that can 
be communicated to them, he is to receive them, and transmit 
them immediately to the Major-general of the day, and his orders 
receive. 

No officer or soldier is to sleep a moment on guard, and no cook- 
ing to go on while on guard. The men must either carry their 
provisions ready dressed, or have them sent to them — the former 
is preferable. No man is to presume to be out of call without per- 
mission from the officer, who is not to suffer more than two to be 
absent at a time, nor those at the outposts. 

In cases of desertions from the outposts, the officer from whose 
party it happens is to immediately change the countersigns, adver- 
tising the other out-guard, who are to conform thereto. He is also 
to send instantly to acquaint the Brigadier-general and field-officers 
of the day, and except the out-guards paying them honors due them 
according to their rank and the usages of war, the out-guards to 
turn out to the Brigadier-general and field-officers only. The hon- 
ors with the drum never to be paid by them. All guards to turn 
out to receive the Grand Rounds — the officer of each to prepare an 
evening report for the officer of the rounds. All guards when re- 
lieved to make a report of every occurrence that may have hap- 
pened to one of the field-officers of the day, who is to attend at or 
near the grand parade to receive it when it comes. Arms after this 



MODES OF PEOMOnON. 329 

wet weather to be carefally inspected, and put in the best possible 
order for use. 

Brigade Commissaries are to receive their orders from the Com- 
missary-general respecting the mode of supplying their respective 
brigades in case of a sudden move. The Assistant Quartermasters 
are to do the same with Colonel Biddle, that no complaint may 
arise on a march. Instead of delivering spare ammunition to each 
brigade, €^eneral Knox will furnish the divisions with it In order 
to lessen the number of carriages and to convoy it more securely, if 
the Quartermaster could furnish each brigade with a proper num- 
ber of scythes for foraging, the horses might be better provided for. 

George Washington. 

June 13, 1111, 
At a Court Martial, held the 9th instant, whereof Colonel Mar- 
shall was president. Captain Jesse Roe was tried for insulting and 
ill-treating Mr. Coleclough, Conductor of Wagons, on the march 
from Morristown. Acquitted and justified by the Court The Gen- 
eral approves the decision, and orders Captain Roe to be released 
from his arrest with honor. 

He also approves the sentence of the same Court Martial, held 
the 11th instant, before which Alexander Brandon, of the 1st Penn- 
sylvania Regiment was tried for horse-stealing and acquitted. The 
prisoner to be immediately released from his confinement. 

Different modes of promotion having prevailed in the army, pro- 
ductive of disorder and confusion in many instances, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief thinks it necessary to establish the following gen- 
eral rule, to prevent all further disputes and inconveniences on this 
head. All commanding o£Qcers to rise regimentally, and according 
to seniority, until they arrive at the rank of Captain ; and from that, 
in the line of the State they belong to, by seniority also, until they 
obtain the rank of Colonel. This rule, however, to admit of excep- 
tions, when particular officers signalize themselves by a conduct of 
extraordinary merit, or when others prove themselves unworthy of 
preferment by the want of, or neglect of cultivating, any quality 
requisite to constitute the good officer. 



330 DIYINB SEBYIOE IN CAMP. 

The following men belonging to Captain HoUett^s indepeodeni 
company having been sent to camp some time ago and annexed to 
some corps, the officer commanding the corps in which these men, 
or any of them, are now doing duty, is required to send a return of 
them to the Adjutant-general to-mon'ow morning, viz., Thomas 
Booker, Samuel Brown, Joseph Petitt, Isaac Green, Charles Clair, 
Laban Condon, William Caldwell, John Coddington. 

GfiORas Washikgton. 

Jdhe 28, im. 
Major-general for to-morroW| • • • Stevens. 
Brigadier-general do. ... Woodford. 

( Lieut Col. Nelson, 
Field^fficers do. . . • -j Major Richardson. 

The osnal regiments are to send for their tents, and pitch them 
where they are now posted. An Orderly Sergeant to attend at 
head-quarters, as usual. 

All chaplains are to perform divine service to-morrow, and on 
every other succeeding Sunday, with their respective brigades and 
regiments, when their situations will admit of it, and the command- 
ing officers of corps are to see that they attend. The Commander- 
in-Chief expects an exact compliance with this order, and that it be 
observed in future as an invariable rule of practice, and every 
neglect will not only be considered a breach of orders, but a disre- 
gard to decency, virtue, and religion. 

In future, when orders are received at General Weedon's quarters, 
the orderly-drum will beat the Adjutant's call, that the issuing them 
to the regiments may not be delayed. 

Gborgb Washington. 

Juint 80, 1777. 
A special Court Martial will set to-morrow at 9 o'clock, at the 
usual place, near General Wayne's quarters, for the trial of Major 
Stewart, of the 2d Maryland Regiment Colonel David Hall is ap- 
pointed president of the court. Jonathan Mifflin and Henry Eman- 



8ENTEN0BB OF CX>nBTB ICABTIAL. 331 

uel Lutterloth are appointed Deputy QuartermaBters-general, and 
Clement Biddle, Commissary of Forage. 

Gboroe Washington. 

Heajhiuaetkbs, August 19, 1777. 

The following Bentences of general Conrts Martial, held the 7th, 
12th, and 16th inst, of which Colonel Sheldon was president, Ed- 
ward Wilooz, Quartermaster to Captain Dorsey's Troop, charged 
with desertion, taking a horse belonging to Colonel Moylan's Regi- 
ment, and a trooper with his accoutrements, found guilty, and sen- 
tenced to be led round the regiment he belongs to on horseback, 
with his face towards the horse's tail, and his coat turned wrong- 
side outwards, and that he be then discharged from the army. The 
Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to be put 
into execution immediately. 

George Eilpatrick and Charles Martin, Sergeants, Lawrence 
Bame and Enoch Wells, Corporals, Daniel McCarty, Patrick Le- 
land, Philip Franklin, Jacob Baker, Thomas Cries, Adam Rex, 
Frederick Gaines, Daniel Kainking, Christian Longspit, Henry 
Winer, and Nicholas Walner, privates in Colonel Moylan's Regi- 
ment of light Dragoons, charged with mutiny and desertion, and 
adjudged worthy of death — the court esteeming the prisoners, ex- 
cept Sergeant Eilpatrick, objects of compassion, and as such recom- 
mend them to the Commander-in-Chief, the General is pleased to 
grant them his pardon ; and the like reasons which led the court to 
recommend to mercy, joined with others, induces the General to 
grant this pardon to Sergeant Eilpatrick also. At the same time, 
the prisoners are to consider their crimes are of a very atrocious 
nature, and have by the Articles of War subjected themselves to the 
penalty of death. The remission of their punishment is a signal 
act of mercy in the Commander-in-Chie( and demands a very great 
and full return of fidelity, submission, and obedience, in any future 
military service which he shall assign them. The prisoners are to 
quit the horse, and enter into the foot-service, in the corps to which 
they shall be assigned. 

Tliomas Farshiers and Gecx^ House, of Colonel Moyhm's Begi- 



383 BATTLE OF BENNINGTON. 

ment, tried by same court, being charged with mutiny and deser- 
tion, are found guilty, but some favorable circumstances appearing 
in their behalf, were sentenced to receive twenty-five lashes on their 
naked backs, and to be dismissed from horse-service; the Com- 
mander-in-Chief approves the sentence, but for the reasons above 
referred to, and with the like expectations of amendment, remits the 
penalty of whipping. They will be disposed of in the foot-servioe. 

Thomas Runnals, of Colonel Moylan's Regiment, tried by the 
same court, being charged, is found guilty, and sentenced to suffer 
death ; the Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, but the ex* 
ecution of the prisoner is respited till further orders. 

Colonel Lawson having already had the command of the Fourth 
Regiment of Virginia, is to continue in the same command. 

Colonel Elliott is appointed to the command of the Sixth Vir- 
ginia Regiment 

General Greene's Division is to relieye the Provost's and Quarter- 
master-general's guards this afternoon. The guards to parade by 
the cross-roads, at 5 o'clock. 

George Washinoton. 

BMjjyqvARTEBSf AvigUBt 22, 17*77. 
The Commander-in-Chief has the happiness to inform the army 
of the signal victory obtained to the northward. A part of General 
Burgoyne's army, about 1500 in number, were detached towards 
New Hampshire, and advanced with a design to possess themselves 
of Bennington. Brigadier-general Starke, of the State of New 
Hampshire, with about 2000 men, mostly militia, attacked them. 
Our troops behaved in a very brave and heroic manner. They 
pushed the enemy from one work to another, thrown up on advan- 
tageous ground, and from different posts, with spirit and fortitude, 
until they gained a complete victory over them. The following is 
a list of the prisoners, killed, and wounded, viz. : one Lieutenant- 
colonel, one Major, five Captains, twelve Lieutenants, four Ensigns, 
two Cornets, one Judge Advocate, one Baron, two Canadian officersi 
and three surgeons, thirty-seven British soldiers, three hundred and 
ninety-eight Hessians, thirty-eight Canadians, and one hundred and 



KABOH THBOUGH PHILADBLPHIA. 883 

fiflj-one Tories taken prisoners. The nnmber of the wonnded, ex- 
clusive of the above, is about eighty. The number of the enemy 
who had been slain had not been ascertained, but supposed to be 
about two hundred. Their artillery, consisting of four brass field- 
pieces, with a considerable quantity of baggage, likewise fell into 
our hands. 

Our loss consisted of about twenty or thirty killed, and perhaps 
fifty wounded. 

The army is to march to-morrow, if it should not rain, in the or- 
der appointed — General Greene first, then General Stevens, &c 

Gboros Washinoton. 



HbAD-QUAETBIS, StAXTON, NXia GnMAMTOWH, i 

August 28, 1777. ) 

Major-general to-morrow, Lord Stirling. 

Brigadier-general do Scott. 

( Col. Grayson, 
Field-office« do Ut Col. Genny. 

Brigade-major do Johnson. 

No officer or soldier is to leave the encampment this evening 
without leave in writing from the Major or Brigadier under whom 
he acts, and they are desired not to give such leave unless there is 
apparent cause for it. The army is to move precisely at 4 o^clock 
in the morning, if it should not rain. The Division commanded by 
General Wayne is to join its proper place in the line, between Lord 
Stirling's and General Stevens' Divisions, and it is strongly and 
earnestly enjoined upon the commanding officers of corps, to make 
all their men who are able to bear arms, except the necessary 
guards, march in the ranks, for it is so great a reflection when all 
orders are disobeyed, and to see such a number of street-rollei-s 
(for they cannot be called guards) with the wagons, that it is really 
shocking. 

The army is to march in one column through the city of Phila- 
delphia, going in at and marching down Front-street to Chestnut, 
and up Chestnut to the Common. A small halt is to be made 



884 MABCfB THROUGH PHILADELPHIA. 

about a mile this side of the city until the rear is clear np and the 
line in proper order. 

The divisions will march as follows : 

Greene's, Stevens', Lincoln's, and Lord Stirling's. 

The horse to be divided upon the two wings. Bland's and 

Baylor's Regiments on the right, and Sheldon's and Moy- 

lan's on the left 

The following order of march is to be observed, viz. : 

First, a subaltern and twelve light-horse. 

Two hundred yards in the rear, a complete troop. 

Two hundred yards in the rear of the troop, the residue of 

Bland's and Baylor's Regiments. 
One hundred yards in the rear of these, a company of pioneers 

with their axes, <fec., in proper order. 
One hundred yards in the rear of the pioneers, a regiment from 

General Muhlenberg's Brigade, and close in the rear of 

that regiment all General Muhlenberg's Field Artillery. 
This brigade followed by Weedon's, Woolford's, and Scott's in 

order, with all their field artillery in their respective fronta. 
Park of artillery, and the artificers belonging thereto, in the 

centre. 
Lincoln's and Lord Stirling's Divisions following, with all their 

brigade artillery in the rear of their respective brigades. 
A regiment from Lord Stirling's Brigade for a rear guard, and 

to be 150 yards from General Maxwell's Brigade. 
Sheldon's and Moylan's Horse, 150 yards in the rear of this 

regiment 
One troop, 150 yards in the rear of this regiment of horse. 

The whole line is to march by sub-divisions at half-distance, the 
ranks six paces asunder, which is to be exactly observed in passing 
through the city, and great attention given by the oflScers to see 
that their men carry their arms well, and are made to appear as 
decent as circumstances will admit. 

It is expected that every olQficer without exception will keep his 



MABOH THBOUOH PHILADELPHIA. 885 

post in passing through the city, and under no pretence whatever 
leave it ; and if any soldier shall dare to leave his ranks he shall 
receive thirty-nine lashes at the first halting-place afterwards. The 
officers will be particularly careful of the men, not only in their 
own divisions but in others also, if they should see an attempt of 
the kind. They are also to prevent the people from pressing on 
the troops. 

There is to be no greater space between the divisions, brigades, 
and regiments than is taken up by artillery, and is just sufficient to 
distinguish them. 

That the line of march through the city may be as little encum- 
bered as possible, only one ammunition wagon is to attend the field- 
pieces of each brigade and every artillery park. All the rest of the 
baggage wagons ana spare horses are to file off to the right, to avoid 
the city entirely, and move on to the bridge at the middle ferry and 
then halt, but not so &r as to impede the march of the troops by 
preventing their passing them. 

Not a woman belonging to the army is to be seen with the troops 
on their march through the city. 

The Wagonmaster-general with all his assistants, together with 
the Division, Brigade, and Regimental Quartermasters, are to attend 
the wagons, and assist the field-officers appointed to that duty in 
preventing any men who are allotted to the wagons from slipping 
into the city. As the baggage will be but a little time separated 
from the column, a very few men will be sufficient to guard it, and 
the General wishes to have as many of them appear in the ranks in 
the line of mai^ch as are able. 

The baggage and spare artillery wagons of each brigade, together 
with the wagons of the artillery park, are to move with the same 
orders that the brigades, <fec., do in the fine, that they may more 
easily unite again when we have passed the city. 

The soldiers will go early to rest this evening, as the General ex- 
pects the whole line will be on their march at the hour appointed. 
That this may be the case, each brigadier is to appoint' patrols to 
take up nil the stragglers from the camp, and all others of the army 
who do not obey this order. 



886 BKEMT^S DB8IONS OK PHILADELPHIA. 

The Director of the Hospital will order when the sick are to be 
sent 

The drums and fifes of each brigade are to be collected in the cen- 
tre of it, and a tune for the quick-step played, but with such mod- 
eration that the men may step to it with ease, and without dancing 
along, or totally disregarding the music, as has been too often the 
case. 

The men are to be excused from carrying their camp-kettles to- 
morrow. Geobob Washikoton. 

HIkad-quab'rbs, Sept. 6, 1777. 

The Commissary-general of Prisoners informs the commanding 
officers of regiments and other corps, that notwithstanding the or- 
ders heretofore issued for the purpose, he has received but one small 
return of prisoners taken by the enemy since his appointment; in 
consequence of which neglect it will be impossible for him in case 
of exchange, to pay proper attention to the orders of the different 
captains at the time. 

He further informs them that in future the prisoners will be ex- 
changed according to the return made to him. 

As the baggage wagons are at all times a great encumbrance to 
the army, and would be particularly in a day of battle, they are in 
the latter case to be drawn off the field, that the army may not be 
in the least incommoded by them. It is besides a measure which 
common prudence dictates ; and whenever an action is expected, the 
Quartermaster-general will immediately wait on the Conmiander-in- 
Chief to receive his directions respecting them. 

From every information respecting the enemy's designs, and from 
their movements, it is manifest their aim is, if possible, to possess 
themselves of Philadelphia. This is their capital object It is 
what they last year strove to effect, but were happily disappointed. 
They made a second attebapt at the opening of this campaign, but 
after vast preparation and expense for the purpose, they abandoned 
their design and totally evacuated the Jerseys. They are now ma- 
king their last effort. To come up the Delaware, it seems, was 
their first intention ; but from the measures taken to annoy them 



387 

in the river, they judged the enterprise that way too hazardous. 
At length they landed on the eastern shore of Maryland, some little 
way in the country, but the General thinks they will be again dis- 
appointed in their views. Should they push their designs on Phil- 
adelphia by this route, their all is at stake. They will put the con- 
test on the event of a single battle. If they are overthrown they 
are utterly undone — the war is at an end ! 

Now is the time for our most strenuous exertions. One bold 
stroke will free the land from rapine, devastation, and burning ; and 
female innocence from brutal lust and violence. 

In every other quarter the American arms have of late been rap- 
idly successful. Great numbers of the enemy have fallen in battle, 
and still greater numbers have been taken prisoners. The militia 
to the northward have fought with that spirit which would have 
done honor to old soldiers. They bravely fought and conquered ! 
Glory attended them! Who can forbear to emulate their noble 
^irit? Who is there without ambition to share with them the ap- 
plauses of their countrymen and of all posterity, as the defenders of 
fiberty, and precursors of peace and happiness to millions in the 
present and future generations? Two years we have maintained 
the war and struggled with difficulties innumerable, but the pros- 
pect has since brightened and our affairs put on a better face. Now 
is the time to reap the fruits of all our toils and dangers. If we be- 
have like men, the third campaign will be our last Ours is the 
main army. To us our country looks for protection. The eyes of 
all America and Europe are turned upon us as those by whom the 
event of the war is to be determined ; and the General assures his 
countrymen and fellow-soldiers that he believes the critical, the im- 
portant moment is at hand which demands their most spirited ex- 
ertions in the field. There glory waits to crown the brave ! Peace, 
freedom, and happiness will be the rewards of victory ! Animated 
by motives like these, soldiers fighting in the cause of innocence, 
humanity, and justice will never give way, but with undaunted res- 
olution press on to conquest ! This the General assures himself is 
the part the American forces now in arms will act, and thus acting, 
he will insure their success. Georgb Washinotov. 



888 Washington's appbal. 

Hbad-quarkbs, Sept 6, 1771 

Major-general to-morrow, Lord Stirling. 

Brigadier-general do. Scott 

Field-officer do. Col. J. Parker. 

Brigade-major do. Day. 

The General has no donbt that every man who has a due sense 
of the importance of the cause he has undertaken to defend, and 
who has any regard to his own honor and the reputation of a sol- 
dier, will, if called to action, behave like one contending for every 
thing valuable. But if^ contrary to his expectation, there shall be 
found any officers or soldiers so far lost to all shame as basely to 
quit their posts without orders, or shall skulk from danger, or offer 
to retreat before order is given for so doing from proper authority 
from a superior officer, they are to be instantly shot down as a just 
punishment to themselves, and for example to others. This order, 
those in the rear and those in the corps of reserve are to see duly 
executed, to prevent the cowardly from making a sacrifice of the 
brave, and by their ill exan^ple and groundless tales calculated to 
eover their own shameful conduct, prevent them from spreading 
' terror as they go. That the order may be well known and strongly 
impressed on the army, the General positively orders the command- 
ing officer of every regiment to assemble his men and have it read 
to them, to prevent the plea of ignorance. 

The General begs the officers to be attentive to all strange fiices 
and suspicious characters who may be discovered in camp ; and i^ 
upon examination of them, no good account can be given why they 
are there, to carry them to the Major-general for further examina- 
tion. This is only a necessary precaution, to be done in a manner 
the least offensive. 

The general officers are to meet at five o^^Iock this afternoon at 
the brick house by White Clay Creek. 

GbOROK WASHINOTOir. 

Brioabb Hkai>-quartxb8, Sept 6, 1777. 
Notwithstanding the repeated orders against plundering and 



/. 



BATTLE OF BRANDYWINE. 

burniDg fences, that abominable practice is still continned, to the 
eternal shame of ihe brigade. 

Complaints are made that the corn-fields are pillaged without 
restraint, the fence-rails burnt up, and many other outrages com- 
mitted by soldiers. To prevent this in future, the officers are once 
more requested to attend more particularly to the behavior of the 
men under them, and to punish such as they may see with green 
com, unless they can make it appear they bought it; and any 
fence-rails they may see burning, the mess to which the fire belongs 
is to be made answerable. The suttlers are ordered to remove im- 
mediately from the front of the encampment to some other 
place. 

. The Quartermaster's Sergeant will immediately parade the C. C. 
men of their regiments, and cover up all the filth and nastiness in 
their respective fronts, and soldiers depositing any more but in the 
proper place will receive ten lashes on their bare backs. 

Gborob Wkbdon, Brig. Gen. 

HsAiH)UABTKBa, Gkbmantown, Sept. 18, 111*!. 

Major-general for to-morrow, Sullivan. 

Brigadier-general do. Weedon. 

^. , , «. , < ^1' Martin, 

Field-officers do. l ^r • tt 

( Major Hay. 

Brigade-major do. Barber. 

The General, with peculiar satisfaction, thanks those gallant offi 
cers who on the 11th inst. {battle of Brandywine) bravely fought in 
their country's cause. If there are any whose conduct reflects dis- 
honor on soldiership and their names not pointed out to him, he 
must for the present leave them to reflect how much they have in- 
jured their country, how unfaithfully they have proved to their 
fellow-soldiers; but with this exhortation, that they embrace the 
first opportunity which may oflfer to do justice to both and to the 
profession of a soldier. 

Although the events of that day, from some unfortunate cir- 
cumstances, were not so ^vorable as could be wished, the General 



840 GBEBirB's THANKS. 

has the aatisfactioii of aseuriDg the troops that from every aocoont 
he has been able to obtain the enemy^s loss vastly exceeded oon, 
and he has full confidence that in another appeal to Heaven, with 
the blessing of Providence, which it becomes every officer and sol- 
dier to supplicate, we shall prove sncoeesfiil. 

The honorable Congress, in consideration of the gallant beha- 
vior of the troops on Thursday last, their fatigue since, and from a 
full conviction that on every future occasion they will manifest a 
bravery worthy of the cause they have undertaken to defend, hav- 
ing been pleased to order thirty hogsheads of rum to be distributed 
among them, in such manner as the Commander-in-Chief diall di- 
rect, he orders the Commissary-general of Issues to deliver one 
gill per day to every officer and soldier while it lasts. 

The commanding officer of each brigade, without delay, to send 
a number of .active officers into the city and its environs to pidc up 
and bring to camp all the straggling soldiers whom they may find, 
as well those belonging to other brigades as their own. Like- 
vrise a sergeant from each brigade to the brigade over the Schuyl- 
kill to direct the soldiers as they cross where to find their respective 
brigades. 

At roll-calling this afternoon the men are to be charged not to 
be out of drum-call of their respective brigades, under pain of death, 
nor the officers, as they value their service and dread cashiering. 

Gboros Washinotok. 

HBAiHyjABms^ Sept 18, 1777. 
The General takes the earliest opportunity to return his warmest 
thanks to the officers and soldiers of General Weedon's brigade en- 
gaged in the late action for their spirited and soldierly behavior and 
conduct so worthy, under so many disadvantages, and cannot fail 
of establishing to themselves the highest military reputation. He 
thinks himself also under obligations to return his thanks to all 
other officers and soldiers of his division for their firmness and 
alacrity which they have discovered upon every occasion, in the 
course of the day, to engage with the enemy. Though we give 
them the ground, the purchase has been at much blood — ^this be- 



KARGHrNa ORDEB8. 341 

iog by far the greatest loss they ever met with since the commence- 
ment of the war. 

The General recommends an immediate attention to be paid to 
the state of the arms and ammunition ; and that the arms be put 
in the best possible order, and the troops be furnished with a full 
supply of armsy and not less than forty rounds of cartridges per man. 

Nathaniel Gbxsme. 

Beioadb H. Q., Sept 18, 1111, 
From the motions of the enemy it appearing to his Excellency 
that our service will for some time contiDue to be full as active as 
that we have lately experienced, he has, from that noble spirit 
which actuates his every movement, by which he wishes to share 
part in every hardship to which his army is exposed, divested him- 
self and family of every species of baggage, save his blankets. 

The Brigadier therefore requests that, though the baggage of 
the brigade has now joined it, the officers will not think of carry- 
ing any more clothing, <l;c., than they have hitherto had with them, 
as he is determined to follow the laudable example of his Excel- 
lency. 

Georgs Weedon, Brig. Gen. 

HxAIHiUASTBRB, QtMMAWtOWV, Sept. 14, 1117. 

The troops are to march to Swedes' Ford in the following order, 
by subdivisions from the right, viz. : 

First, two-thirds of the Light Dragoons, from which their com- 
manding officer wiU detach small parties in front, to re- 
connoitre on the flanks to a considerable distance. 
Second, a Captain's command from General Smallwood's 

Brigade, 800 yards in their rear. 
Third, one regiment from same brigade, 200 yards in their. 
Fourth, the main body of the army 600 yards in their rear, 
in the following order, viz. : 

1st. General Sullivan's Division. 
2d. Lord Stirling's •* 

8d. General Wayne'a ** 



842 bu^ooynb's subbendeb. 

4tli. Park of Artillery. 
5th. General Nashua Brigade. 
6th. General Stevens' Division. 
(Tth. General Greene's " 
Fifth, the wagons with stores, hospital stores, and commis- 
saries' stores. 
Sixth, a rear goard of two regiments from Weedon's Brigade. 
Seventh, a Captain's command from 'these two regiments, at 

the distance of 200 yards. 
Eighth, the remaining third of the Light Dragoons, 500 yards 

from the foot 
Ninth, a subaltern's command from these Dragoons, at the 
distance of 500 yards. 

The guards in front and r^ar, and each brigade, to send out 
small flanking parties on their left. The rear guard of foot, and 
the Light Dragoons, to pick up all stragglers. 

Gborgb Washinqtok. 

HsAD-QUABTEBSy Sept 15, IT??. 

Li future, whenever the men are formed for action, the Sergeants 
are to be placed in the ranks on the flanks of subdivisions, that 
their fire may not be lost 

The Brigadiers, or ofiicers commanding regiments, are also to 
post some good ofiScers in the rear, to keep the men in good order. 

I( in any time of action, any man who is not wounded, whether 
he has arms or not, turns his back on the enemy, and attempts to 
run away or retreat before orders are given for it, those officers are 
instantly to put him to death. The man does not deserve to live 
who basely flies, breaks his solemn engagement, and betrays his 
country. Gborge Washington. 

EbEAD-QUABTBBS, OaMP AT PkNNTBACKSb's MiLL» ) 

September 28, 1777. f 

The Commander-in-Chief has the happiness again to congratu- 
late the army on the success of the Americans to the northward. 
On the 19th inst an engagement took place between General 



OOL. BBOWN OAPTUSBS THE BBTITSH. 848 

Bnrgoyne's army and the left wing of ours, under General Gates. 
The battle began at 10 o'clock, and lasted till night — our troops 
fighting with the greatest bravery, not giving an inch of ground. 
Our loss is about 80 killed, and 200 wounded and missing. The 
enemy's is judged to exceed 1000 killed, wounded, and taken pris- 
oners, and deserters declare that General Burgoyne, who command- 
ed in person, was wounded in the left shoulder. The 62d Regi- 
ment was cut in pieces, and the enemy «uffered extremely in every 
4}uarter where they were engaged. Such was the ardor of our 
troops, that wounded men, after being dressed, returned to action. 

The OommandeiHu-Ohief has further occasion to congratulate 
the troops on the success of a detachment of the northern army, 
under Ck)lonel Brown, who attacked and carried several of the ene- 
my's poets, and had got possession of several of the old French lines 
at Ticonderoga. 

Colonel Brown, in those severe attacks, has taken 293 prisoners 
of the enemy, with their arms, retaken more than 100 of our men, 
and taken 150 batteaux below the &il in Lake Champlain, and 50 
above the falls, including 17 gun-boats, and one armed aloop, be- 
sides cannon, ammunition, &c^ Sec. 

To celebrate this success, the General orders that at 4 o'clock 
this afternoon all the troops be paraded and served with a gill of 
rum per man, and that at the same time there be discharges of 13 
pieces of artillery from the paik. 

Major-general for to-morrow, Sullivan. 

Brigadier-general do. Scott 

Brigade-major do. Peers. 

Picket-major do. Dorson. 

Kdd-office» do. iSJ-M^k 

Gborqb Washington. * 

Head-quastebs, Oct 6, 17*77. 
The Commander-in-Chief returns his thanks to the generals and 
other officers and men concerned yesterday in the attack on the 
enemy's left wing, for their spirit and bravery, shown in driving the 



344 BBIOADB OBDBBS. 

enemy from field to field,* and althongh an onfortnnate fog, joined 
with the smoke, prevented the different brigades from seeing and 
supporting each other, or sometimes even from distingaishing their 
fire from the enemy's, and some other causes, which as yet cannot 
be accoanted for, they finally retreated, they nevertheless see ^t 
the enemy is not proof against a vigorous attack^ and may be put 
to flight when boldly pnshed. This they wiH remember, and as- 
sure themselves that on the next occasion a proper exertton of the 
powers Qod has given them, and mspired by the cause ef freedom 
in which they are engaged, they will be victorious. 

The Commander-in-Chie^ not seeing the engagement with the 
enemy's right wing, desires the general officers to thank those 
ofScers and men who behaved with bravery. 

George Washington. 

HKAD-QUASTZBa, Oct 6, iW. 

The commanding ofiicers of regiments are, without delay, to send 
to the Provost for such of their men as have been tried and their 
sentences have been published. 

The battalion of militia from Virginia, commanded by Colonel 
. Runna, is to be attached to General Scott's Brigade. 

Brigadier-general Pulaski will make returns of the horse as soon 
as possible. 

John Lawrence, Esq., appointed on the 6th of September as ex- 
tra Aid-de-Camp to the Commander-in-Chiefi is now appointed Aid- 
de-Camp to him, and is to be obeyed and respected as such. 

Thomas Mullans, Esq., appointed on the 3d inst to act as Brigade- 
major to General Conway, is now, for his gallant behavior on the 
4th inst., appointed Brigade-major to General Conway, and is to be 
respected and obeyed as such. 

The commanding officers of corps are every morning to report 
their strength to the brigadiers or officers commanding, that it may 
be known daily what stragglers have joined. 

Buck-shot shall be put into all cartridges that shall be made 
hereafter. George Washington. 



* Battle at and noar Chew^B House, or the Battle of Oermantown. 



BATnX or 0S3BKAMTOWN. 84$ 

Hkad-quabtkbs, Oct 7, W1. 

"Hie State flegiment from Virginia is to supply the plaoe of the 
9th Virginia Regiment in General Muhlenberg's Brigade, and do 
duty there till further orders. 

John Fardon, of Colonel Hartl^'s Regiment, found guilty of the 
crime of desertion, and sentenced, by the general Court Martial, 
held 25th September last, to suffer death, is- to be executed to- 
morrow at 12 o'clock. 

The situation of the army frequently not admitting of Divine 
Service on Sunday, the Chaplains of the army are forthwith to 
meet and agree upon some method of performing it at some other 
time, which method they will make known to the Commander-in- 
Chie£ GsoBOB Washington. 

Camp at Peekioiidio, Oct *l, 1777. 

The General returns his sincere thanks to the officers and sol- 
diers in general of his division for their behavior at the batUe of 
German town. Nevertheless, he has the mortification to hear some 
few behaved ill, who are arrested and reported to his Excellency. 
The General has the highest confidence in his division, and in the 
spirit and good conduct of the officers. 

He, from the best information, has the mortification to assure 
the troops that they fled from victory ; and he wishes most ai^ 
dently that the troops may be convinced of the necessity of retreat- 
ing and rallying likewise, and a partial retreat to change a position 
is often necessary, and therefore a particular retreat is not to be 
considered general without the order as such. 

Notwithstanding the fog deprived us of the opportunity of see- 
ing how to conduct our own approaches at the enemy's confusion, 
and giving them a complete rout, which beyond a doubt we should 
have done if the weather had been clear, nevertheless he has the 
satis&ction to assure the troops that the enemy suffered very se- 
verely. 

The arms and ammunition are to be put in order as soon as pos- 
sible, and every thing got in readiness for attack or defence. 

Nathaniel Grsbne. 
16» 



340 wabhimgton's olookwobx. 

HkAIH)UABTKS8, ToAXENBDia, Oct 9, 1777. 

Brigadiei^general Nash will be interred at 10 o'clock this fore- 
DOOD, with military honors, at the place where the road where the 
troops marched on yesterday comes into the great road. All of- 
ficers, whose circumstances will admit of it, will attend and pay this 
respect to a brave man who died in defence of his country. 

The execution of John Fardon is postponed till to-morrow at noon. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Brodhead was presi- 
dent, is to sit to-morrow morning at 8 o'clock, at the Horseman's 
tent, by the park of artillery. 

Gborob Washzngton. 

Hkad-quastebs, ToAXKNsma, Oct. 10, 1777. 

The Chaplains of the army are to meet to-morrow at 12 o'clock, 
in the rear of the park of artillery, for the purpose mentioned in 
general orders of the 7th inst. 

The Paymaster-general will attend to the business of his depart- 
ment at General Weedon's quarters at Mr. Tinnis' house. 

A Court of Inquiry, consisting of four members and Major-gen- 
eral Lord Stirling, is to sit at 12 o'clock to-day at the President's 
quarters, to examine into the conduct of Major-general Sullivan, in 
the expedition commanded by him against Staten Island in the 
month of August last Major Taylor and other officers who can 
give information of this* matter are to attend. But if the Court 
see cause to postpone the examination for want of evidence, after 
hearing what Major Taylor has to urge on that head, they are to do 
it accordingly. Gen. McDougall, Gen. Knox, Col. Spencer, and 
Col. Clark are the members. 

It is not for every officer to know the principles upon which 
every order is issued, and to judge how they may and may not be 
dispensed with or suspended, but their duty to carry them into ex- 
ecution with the utmost punctuality and exactness. They are to 
consider that military movements are like the working of a clock, 
and will go equally, regularly, and easily, if every officer does his 
duty ; but without it, be as easily disordered, becau«e neglect from 
any one, like the stopping of a wheel, disorders the whole. The 



SUBBENDEB OF BUBGOTNB. 347 

GeDeral therefore expects that every officer will duly consider the 
importance of the observation, their own reputation, and the duty 
they owe to their country. He claims it of them, and earnestly 
calls upon them to do it. 

George Washington. 

HxAD-gUAimS, TOAXKMBINO, Oct 11, 1111. 

The Court of Inquiry, of which Lord Stirling is president, now 
sitting at the President's quarters, is to inquire into the conduct of 
Brigadier-general Wayne, viz. : that he had timely notice of the 
enemy's intentions to attack the troops under his command on the 
night of the 20th ulL ; and notwithstanding that intelligence he 
neglected making a disposition until it was too late either to annoy 
the enemy or make a retreat without the utmost danger and con- 
fusion.* The President will give notice when the Court can enter 
on the inquiry, and when the parties and evidence are to attend. 

George Washington. 

Head-quaktebs, Oct. 15, 1111. 

The General has the repeated f>leasure of informing the army of 
the success of the troops under the command of General Gates over 
General Borgoyne'a army on the ^th inst 

The action commenced at three o'clock in the afternoon, between 
the pickete of the two armies, which were reinforced on both sides. 
The contest was warm, and continued till night with obstinacy, 
when our troops gained the advanced lines of the enemy, and en- 
camped on that ground all night. The enemy fled and left behind 
them 330 tents, with kettles boiling with com, 8 brass field-pieces, 
2 twelve and 6 six pounders, upwards of 200 dead, and the baggage 
of their flying army. General Frazer is among their slain. Our 
troops took 550 non-^commissioned officers and privates prisoners, 



♦ The Court pronotinoed the conduct of General Wayne, on the occasion of 
the attack referred to, '^ as every thin^f that was to be expected f^om an aotiTe, 
brave, and vigilant officer,^* and seemed to attach the blame to Colonel Hamp- 
ton, who, by delay or misappneliension of orders, and an unskilftil posftion of 
the troops, had exposed thepi to massacre.— /mn^> Hfg qf WathHHf^ 



848 KBSOLYBS OF 00KGBEB8. 

besides Sir Francis Caralback, Aid-de-Camp to General Buigoyne, 
and a Quartermaster-general, said to be Carleton's, the Command- 
ing OflBcer of a Foreign Brigade, and an Officer of the British Gren- 
adiers. George Washington. 

HxAD-QUASTEBs, Vallct Fosge, Mfty 18, 1718. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Cropper. 

Major, Conway. 

Brigade-major, Marvin. 

Inspector, from Learned's Brigade. 
The Commander-in-Chief has the pleasure to inform the army, 
that the Honorable Congress have been pleased to come to the fol- 
lowing resolutions : 

" In CkmoBUs, May 15, 177a 
*^ Resolved unamnumsly, That all military officers commissioned 
by Congress, who now are, or hereafter may be, in the service of 
the United States, and shall continue therein during the war, and 
shall not hold any office of profit under these States, or any of 
them, after the conclusion of the war shall be entitled to receive for 
the term of seven years, if they live so long, one- half of the present 
pay of such officers, — ^Provided, that no general officers of the cav- 
alry, artillery, or infantry, shall be entitled to receive more than 
half the pay of the Colonel of such corps respectively ; and provided 
this resolution shall not extend to any officer in the service of the 
United States, unless he shall have taken the oath of allegiance to, 
and shall actually reside within some one of these United States. 

''^Resolved unanimously, That every non-commissioned officer 
and soldier, who hath enlisted or shall enlist into the service of the 
United States for and during the war, and shall continue therein to 
the end thereof^ shall be entitled to receive the further reward of 
80 dollars at the expiration of the war." 

The whole army are directed to prepare, in the best manner pos- 
sible, for an immediate and sudden movement. 

George Washington. 



QUABrrBBMABTBB-aBNBBAL'B KETUBN8. 849 

Hbad-quabtkes, Yallet Forob, May 19, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Colonel, Greene. 

Lieutenant-colonol, Ballard. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 

Conmianding officers of regiments are to make retnms to the 
Quartermaster-general of the nmnber of tents absolutely wanting in 
each, for such men as cannot be accommodated consistently with 
their health and comfort in huts. It will be relied upon, in these 
returns, that none will make a larger demand than the real situation 
of their respective regiments requires. The Quartermaster-general 
will issue his orders on these returns. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Bauman was pred- 
dent, held the 19th inst, John Reynolds, artificer in Major Pollard's 
corps, tried for striking Lieutenant Hemmet, found guilty and sen- 
tenced to receive 100 lashes, the Commander-in-Chief approves the 
sentence and orders it executed on the grand parade to-morrow 
at guard-mounting. 

Samuel Raymond, at the same court, tried for presenting a load- 
ed musket at Lieutenant Hemmet; upon due consideration the 
court are of opinion that he is guilty of the charge exhibited against 
him, but the extreme and unpardonable warmth with which the of- 
ficers conducted themselves, renders the actions of the prisoner in 
some measure excusable, and operates with the court so strongly 
in his favor, that they only sentence him to be reprimanded by the 
commanding officer of the company to which he belongs. 

Also John Coffin, tried for abusing Captain Gowerly when at- 
tempting to repress a riot on the other side of the Schuylkill, ibund 
not guilty and acquitted. 

The General approves the sentences, and orders them to take 
place immediately. 

The Brigade and Sub-Inspectors, Majors of Brigade, and Adju- 
tants of the army, will assemble at the Baron Steuben's quarters, at 
10 o'clock precisely, where they will receive particular orders. 



860 

A stray bone taken up in General Scott's Brigade. Inquire of 
Captain Eillpatrick. Another in General Poor's Brigade. Inquire 
of Lieutenant Cherry. 

Also a number in Colonel Van Scbaick's New York Regiment, 
at Cuckoldstown. George Washington. 

Vallkt Fobob, H. Q., May 21, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Vamum. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Reed. 

Major, Mooro. 

Brigade-major, McCormick. 

The Inspectors, d^c, will attend at Baron Steuben's quarters to- 
morrow, at the hour appointed in the orders of the 19th inst 

K there are any persons in the army who understand making 
thin paper, such as bank-notes are struck upon, they are desired to 
apply immediately to the orderly office, where they will be shown 
a sample of the paper. Officers commanding regiments are to pub- 
lish this in r^mental orders. 

Mr. Vowles, Adjutant in the 9th Virginia Regiment, is appointed 
to do the duty of Brigade-major, in General Woodford's Brigade, 
until further orders. 

At a general Court Martial, the 15th inst, whereof Colonel Bow- 
man was president. Captain CleaveUnd of Colonel Michael Jackson's 
Regiment, tried for behaving in an unofficer-like manner in refusing 
to do a tour of duty when duly notified, found not guilty of the 
charge exhibited against him, and acquitted with honor. Althoogh 
Captain Cleaveland ought not to have been warned for duty when 
returned sick, yet the General cannot applaud the spirit which ac- 
tuated him in refusing obedience to a positive order, and declining 
a tour of duty of such a kind as might have been in all appearance 
easily performed by Captain Cleaveland in his circumstances. Cap- 
tain Cleaveland is released from his arrest. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-colouel Cropper 
was president. Captain Edward Hull, of the 15th Virginia Regi- 
ment, tried for gaming, when he ought to have been on parade, 



8ENTENOE8 OF OOUBIB MABTIAL. 351 

the 12th lost, unanimously found guilty of that part of the charge 
exhibited against him relative to gaming, but acquitted of non-at- 
tendance on parade, and sentenced to be reprimanded by the com- 
manding officer of the brigade, in presence of all the officers thereof 

At the same court, Lieutenant Thomas Lewis, of the same regi- 
ment, upon a similar charge, found guilty, and sentenced the same 
as Captain Hull. 

The Commander-in-Chief, however, unwilling to dissent from the 
judgment of a Court Martial, is obliged to utterly disapprove these 
sentences, the punishment, in his opinion, being entirely inadequate 
to the offence. A practice so pernicious in itself as that of gaming, 
so prejudicial to good order and military discipline, so contrary to 
positive orders, carried to so enormous a height as it appears, and 
aggravated certainly, in the case of Lieutenant Lewis, by an addi- 
tional offence of no trifling military consequence — absence from 
parade — demanded a much severer penalty than simply a repri- 
mand. 

Captain Hull and Lieutenant Lewis are to be released from arrest. 

Georob Washingtok. 

H. Q, Yallkt Foboi, May 22, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Bigadier-general, Scott 

Brigade-major, Berrien. 

Colonel, Brewer. 

Major, Hopkins. 

The Auditor's office is removed to James Cloyd's, within a mile 
and a half of the Paymaster-general's quarters. 

At a general Court Martial, the 16th inst, of which Colonel 
Bowman is president, Lieutenant Edison, of the German Bat- 
talion, tried for behaving in a manner unbecoming a gentleman and 
an officer, in abusing Colonel Nixon's family, unanimously found 
guilty of the charge exhibited against him, being a breach of Art. 
21, Sec. 14, Articles of War, and sentenced to be discharged from 
the service. The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and 
orders it to take place immediately. 



862 OBHBBAL OBDSB8. 

At a Brigade Oonrt Martial, the 18th inst, Major WaDis p r ea i - 
dent, Lieutenant Mario, of the 11th Virginia Regiment, tried for 
not attending the parade on the 18th inst^ and unanimously ac- 
quitted of the charge with honor. 

Likewise, Lieutenant Willilun Powell, tried upon the same 
charge, and acquitted in like manner. 

The General observes, that sickness or indisposition is certainly 
a sufficient excuse for not attending the parade, but it ought to be 
an established rule, to signify it either personally or in writiDg, 
through the Adjutant to the commanding officer of the raiment to 
which the officer concerned shall belong. These gentlemen, in not 
doing this, were deficient in the line of regularity and propriety. 
Hereafter the excuse shall not be admitted unless this rule be ob- 
served, except where any particular circumstances render the ob- 
servance impracticable, which can rarely happen. 

Qborgk Washinotok. 

H. Q., Vallst Foeob, Hay 28, 1776. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Colonel, . • • Dayton. 

Brigade-major, 3tagg. 

'nil some further arrangement of the army is made. Major-general 
Lee is to take charge of the division lately commanded by Major- 
general Greene, and in case of action, or any general move of the 
army, the three eldest Major-generals present fit for duty, are to 
command two wings and the 2d line, according to seniority. 

Commanding officers of regiments and corps will immediately 
apply to the Commissary of Military Stores for all the arms and 
accoutrements wanting for their men. 

The Quartermasters of brigades will also make out returns, and 
apply for orders for ammunition to complete each man with forty 
rounds and two flints. 

All officers are called upon to see that their' mens' arms and ac- 
coutrements are put in the best order possible. They will likewise 
take particular care that their men have wooden drivers fixed in 



BBIGADS OOUBT MAKTIAL. 363 

their pieces at the hours of exercise, to prevent an unnecessary 
waste of flints. They are not to be absent from camp on any pre- 
tence whatever, but be in actual readiness to march at a moment's 
warning. George Washington. 

H. Q., Yalukt Foros, May 24^ 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Colonel, . Patton. 

Major, Sumner. 

Brigade-major, Bannister. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Bowman is pren- 
dent, is dissolved. Another is ordered to set to-morrow morning 
at 9 o'clock, to try all such prisoners as shall be brought before it 
Colonel Chambers will preside. 

Each brigade will give a Captain for the court. All persons con- 
cerned will attend. 

At a Brigade Court Martial, May 22, 1778, Lieutenant-colonel 
Cropper president, Lieutenant Davis, of the 11th Virginia R^- 
ment, tried for encouraging a soldier to stay away from his regi- 
ment, for refusing, when the soldier was sent for by a guard, to let 
bim go to his regiment, and for speaking disrespectfully of the offi- 
cer who sent the guard a second time ; upon mature deliberation, 
the court are of opinion that he is not guilty of speaking disrespect- 
fully of the officer who sent the guard for Lieutenant Davis, though 
they are of opinion that his detaining the Sergeant was unwarrant- 
able. Bat, considering that his error seems to have arose from 
what he thought was doing his duty, do acquit him. 

Lieutenant Davis is ordered to be released from his arrest 

George Washington. 

a Q.. Valley Foeqe, May 26, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Colonel, Swift 

Lieutenant-colonel, Hubley. 

Brigade-major, Haskell. 



354 8BNTBN0BB OF OOUBTB MABTIAL. 

Inspector to be taken from Mcintosh's Brigade. 

The Regimental Surgeons will apply to the Flying-hospital store 
for hog's lard and sulphur. They are to make their returns nnore 
punctually on Mondays. 

Several guns, packs, and cartridge-boxes, belonging to some sol- 
diers in the army, are left at the orderly office. 

The Mustermaster-general and Commissary of Prisoners have re- 
moved their quarters to Mr. Evans' house, half a mile north oi Sul- 
livan's Bridge, near Perkioming Creek. 

The Regimental Paymasters will give in their abstracts to the 
Paymaster-general immediately for examination for the month of 
April. 

At a general Court Martial the 1st of May, of which Colonel Fe- 
biger was president, Lieutenant Adams of the 10th Pennsylvania 
R^ment, tried for ^ nngentlemanly behavior in propagating a re- 
port that an officer of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment had behaved 
eowardly in the action of Germantown, and when desired by Col- 
onel Hubley to name the officer, for refusing to do it in an unbe- 
coming manner," unanimously found guilty of the charge exhibited 
against him, being a breach of Art 21, Sec. 14, Articles of War, and 
sentenced to be dismissed the service, the Commander-in-Chief ap- 
proves the sentence, and orders it to take place immediately. 

Signals will be given this afternoon in manoeuvering by a small 
field-piece. This notice is given to prevent an alarm. 

Lieutenant Ford is appointed to do duty as Adjutant in Colonel 
Lamb's Regiment of New York Artillery, and is to be respected 
and obeyed accordingly. 

George WASHiNOToif. 

H. Q., Yauet Fobgb, Hay 26, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Colonel, Grayson. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Weisenfels. 

Brigade-major, Learned. 

Inspector to be taken from Woolford's Brigade. 



BEGIHENTAL SETUSN8. 355 

The Commander-in-Chief, perceiving that the regimental returns 
materially differ in the number of sick cibsenij from the hospital re- 
ports, notwithstanding these were' lodged with the Adjutant-general 
that the regimental returns might be rectified and adjusted by them, 
calls upon the commanding officers of regiments to make returns 
to-morrow to the Adjutant-general, specifying the names of all their 
sick absent, the places where they are, and the times they were sent 
to them, that the difference above mentioned may be satisfactorily 
accounted for. In doing this, the strictest regard is to be paid to 
the hospital reports. 

An Independent Corps, commanded by Captain Selin, are imme- 
diately to bury the offal and carrion near the Black Bull. 

The Commissary-general of the Staff will in future apply to the 
commanding officer of that corps for a party to bury any offal 
which may be near his stall. 

A subaltern, sergeant, corporal, and eight men, with the Commis- 
miasary of each brigade, are to be sent immediately into the vicin- 
ity of their respective brigades to seize the liquor they may find in 
the unlicensed tippling-houses. 

The Commissaries shall give receipts for the liquor they seize, 
and notify the inhabitants, or persons living in the vicinity of camp, 
that an unconditional seizure wiU be made of all liquors they shall 
presume to sell in future. 

A flag goes to PhOadelphia to-morrow. 

GsoRas Washington. 

H. Q., Yalubt Foegs, May 27, WB. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Vamum. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Bead. 

Major, Murray. 

Brigade-major, Ten Eyck. 

Inspector, from Scott's Brigade. 

The conunanding officers of regiments are to make returju > on 
Friday next of the arms that were in possession of their respective 
corps on the 1st November last, of all they have since delivered in, 



356 COL. OSWALD PRKSIDmrr. 

of thoee they have since drawn, and of those now in actoal 
sion. It is expected they always have exact accounts kept of arms, 
clothing, camp utensils, &:c^ furnished their men, as they mnst be 
responsible for their due application. 

Major-general Mifflin, having been permitted by Congress to re- 
pair to, and serve in this army, is to take the command of the di- 
vision late Lincoln's. 

The field-officers of regiments who have drawn money from any 
of the public offices for recruiting their respective corps, are de- 
sired as soon as possible to furnish the Auditors of the Army with 
lists of money advanced by them to their officers for that service. 

Captain Turberville is appointed Aid-de-Camp to Major-general 
Lee till further orders, and is to be respected accordingly. 

Officers are to see that the mud plastering around the hate be 
removed, and every other method taken to render them as airy as 
possible. They will also have the powder of a musket cartridge 
burnt in each hut daily to purify Uie air, or a little tar if it can be 
procured. The Commissary of Military Stores will provide blank 
cartridges for that purpose. 

GsoRox Washington, 

a O, Vallw PoaoE, May 2T, 1778. 
A general Court Martial, of which Lieutenant^iolonel Eleazer Os- 
wald is appointed president, will sit to-morrow at 9 o'clock at the 
President's quarters, for the trial of such prisoners as shall be 
brought before them. Captains Wilkerson, Eustis, Von Heer, 
Kingsbury, Captain-lieutenant McClure, two subalterns fix>m Colo- 
nel Crane's Regiment, two from Colonel Lamb's Regiment, and two 
from Col. Proctor's Regiment, are appointed members; and Cap- 
tain-lieutenant Ebenezer Finley, Judge-Advocate. 

George Washington. 

H. Q., Yallbt Forgb, May 28, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Soott 

Colonel, . • Irvine. 



367 

Lieutenant-colonel, Bassett 

Brigade-major, Johnson. 

Inspector^ from Ist Pennsylvania Brigade. 

Commanding officers of brigades, in pursuance of former orders, 
to hold themselves in readiness to march, are to apply immediately 
to the Quartermaster-general for a sufficient number of wagons to 
transport their baggage, and are to have their respective brigades 
supplied as completely as possible with camp utensils and neces- 
saries of every kind requisite towards taking the field. 

The Commissary will have a quantity of hard-bread and salt 
meat prepared to issue to the army when called for. As we may 
expect at every moment to march the army, it is to be prepared in 
all respects for that purpose. 

Guards of every kind are constantly to hold themselves in a col- 
lected state with their accoutrements on, and ready to act at a mo- 
ments warning. The General forbids all exercise and diversions, 
such as cause them to disperse and put off their accoutrements, 
which is equally inconsistent with their safety and good dis- 
dpline. 

A Board of general officers is to set to-morrow morning at 10 
o'clock, at General Lee's quarters, to examine into Lieutenant- 
colonel Regnier's claim of rank in the New York Lane, and re- 
port their opinion thereon. The other Lieutenant-colonels of that 
line are to attend. The Commander-in-Chief will lay before the 
Board the memorial presented by Lieutenant-colonel Regnier, with 
other papers. 

A Court of Inquiry will set to-morrow, to examine into the con- 
duct of Lieutenant-colonel Parks, reported to have been absent 
from camp without leave, and to have been negligent in his duty. 
AH persons concerned will attend. Colonel Johnson is appointed 
president. Colonel Parker, Lieutenant-colonel Bunner, Lieutenant- 
colonel Starr, and Major Fenner, will attend as members, at the 
President's quarters, at 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 

George Washington 



858 8ENTBN0E8 OF 0OUBT8 MARTIAL. 

H. Q^ Vallw Forge, May 29, It'Tfi. 

Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, HuntiogtoQ. 

LieuteDant-Golonel, Burr. 

Major, Stelle. 

Brigade-major, Seely. 

Inspector, from 2d Pa. Brigade. 

The commanding officers of regiments and corps are not, under 
any pretence whatever, unless duty requires it, to permit tiieir offi- 
cers or men to be absent from camp, that they may be ready to 
march at an bourns warning. 

At a general Court Martial, Colonel Chambers president, the 
25th inst, Captain Medaras, of the North Carolina Brigade, tried 
for forgery. After mature deliberation, the court are of opinion 
that Captain Medaras is guilty of the charge exhibited against him, 
but as he could not have been actuated by motives self-interested 
or injurious to Captain Jones, the gentleman whose name he sign- 
ed, and as he had been before perfectly acquainted with Captain 
Jones' sentiments, the court thinking his crime, though he is yet 
truly blameworthy, alleviated by these circumstances, do sentence 
him to be reprimanded in general orders. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and is much 
concerned to find that an officer in this army should presume to 
sign a brother officer's name without his permission. Captain 
Medaras is ordered to be released from his arrest 

At the same court, William Whiteman, wagoner, tried for de- 
sertion, and sentenced to receive sixty lashes, is approved, and or- 
dered to be put into execution to-morrow morning on the grand 
parade, at guard-mounting. 

Also, John Clime, of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment, tined for 
desertion and attempting to escape to the enemy, and for stealing a 
horse, found guilty of both charges, and sentenced to receive 200 
lashes, 100 for each crime. The General approves the sentence, 
and orders it put into execution this evening at roll-call, at the head 
of the regiment to which he belongs. 

Also, John Wood, Sergeant in the 8th Pennsylvania Reghnenti 



A BEWABD OFFEBED. 859 

tried for desertion and attempting to fly to the enemy, acquitted, 
and ordered to be released from confinemeDt. 

On the night of the 27th inst^ James Barry, an inhabitant, was 
robbed of £160, Continental money, thirteen hard dollars, a dia- 
mond ring, silver spoons, baddes, gold buttons, a sword, and some 
valuable mens' and womens' wearing apparel, and many other 
articles. 

FiFTT Dollars Reward 

Will be given to any person that will discover the robbers, that the 
owner may recover his articles. All officers are desired to order 
the strictest inquiry to be made, that the villains may be broughl 
to justiGe, as it is supposed they belong to the army. 

Georqx Washikoton. 

H. Q^ Yallst Fokgs, May 80, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, ..••••..*. Patterson. 

Colonel, Bradley. 

Brigade-major, Marshall 

Inspector, from Poor's Brigade. 

The commanding officers of brigades are to appoint a sufficient 
number of proper officers to be left in charge of the sick, and such 
others of their respective brigades as will be unable to march with 
them, in case the army moves from the present camp. 

The Regimental Surgeons will make out and lodge with the Sur- 
geon-general of the Flying Hospital, exact returns of the sick be- 
longing to their regiments who shall be left in camp when the army 
marches. 

The Board of general officers, held agreeable to the general or- 
der of the 28th inst., have made the following report, viz. : The 
claims of Lieutenant-colone] Regnier and the other Lieutenant- 
colonels of the State of New York, respecting their standing in rank, 
being considered, the Board are of opinion that Lieutenant-colonel 
Regnier will take rank of those gentlemen on Courts Martial de- 
tachments on all duties from the line, but that the command as^ 
aigned him must be in the line of the State, for notwithstanding 



360 8BNTEN0S8 OF OOUBT MABTIAL. 

Lieatenant-colonel Regnier's rank an lientenant-colonel was anteoe- 
deDt to theirs in the line, yet his appointment in that State was 
posterior. The Commander-in-Chief approves the above report 

At a Brigade General Court Martial, May 27, 1778, Lieutenant- 
colonel Cropper president, Captain Hall, of the 15th Yirginia 
Regiment tried, first, for being so fax elevated with liqnor when 
on the parade for exercising on the 14th inst, as rendered him in- 
capable of doing his duties with precision ; 2dly, for accusing lien- 
tenant Samuel Jones of not deposing the truth when called on oath 
to depose against him on the 18th inst, — acquitted of the first 
charge, but found guilty of the second, and sentenced to be repri- 
manded by the commanding ofi&cer of the brigade, in presence of 
all the officers therein. Captain Hull is ordered to be released 
from his arrest 

At a general Court Martial, May 28, 1778, Colonel Chamben 
president, Ensign James Walker, of Colonel Gist's Regiment, fried, 
first, for deserting a wagon he had in his charge at the appearance 
of one of our Light Horse, and losing his party in his flight ; 2d]y, 
for telling several falsehoods in relating the event, when returning 
to camp : unanimously found guilty of the charges exhibited against 
him, being breaches of Art 5, Sec 18, and Art 21, Sec. 14 of the 
Articles of War, and sentenced to be cashiered. The CommaIlde^ 
in-Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to take place imme- 
diately. 

At the same court, John Lewis, of Colonel AngeFs Regiment, 
tried for threatening to take the lives of several officers of that regi- 
ment, found guilty, and sentenced to receive 60 lashes — approved, 
and ordered to be put into execution at roll-call this evening, at the 
head of the regiment he belongs to. A quantity of Continental 
currency, lately found in the hands of Lieutenant Dexter of Colonel 
Angel's Regiment The owner may receive the same by proving 
his property. 

Colonel Crane's Regiment of Artillery is to be mustered on Mon- 
day next at 10 o'clock. Colonel Lamb's and Colonel Prootor^s at 
the same hour on Tuesday, and Colonel Harrison's on Wednesday. 
The officers will be careful to have their muster-rolls ma k oat oor- 



OBNEBAL 0BDEB8. 861 

rectlj, and see that their men have their blankets neatly rolled up, 
as they must parade with them on. 

Captain Brown's and Captain Dorsey's Companies of Maryland 
Artillery are annexed to Colonel Harrison's Regiment, with which 
they are to do doty till further orders. Gboroe Washington. 

H. Q., Yalixt Fob«b, May 81, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Livingston. 

Do. do Miller. 

Brigade-major, Maryin. 

Inspector, from Glover's Brigade. 
The Second State Regiment of Virginia is for the present to be 
annexed to General Muhlenberg's Brigade ; and Col. Van Schaick's 
R^ment, till further orders, is in like manner to be joined to the 
Second Pennsylvania Brigade, in lieu of the Eighth Pennsylvania 
Regiment, which is to be detached on other service. 

A Surgeon from each brigade is to remain in camp to attend the 
sick which shall be left behind, under the direction of Dr. Hut- 
chinson, till relieved by surgeons from the General Hospital, when 
they are to immediately join their respective regiments. 

Men with the small-pox, or under inoculation, are to be compre* 
hended in the number of the sick. 

Commanding officers of regiments will assist the regimental sur- 
geons in procuring as many women of the army as can be prevailed 
on to serve as nurses to them, for which they will be paid the usual 
price. Orderlies are also to be left, one to every 20 sick men, who 
are to be such as, for want of clothing, from lameness, and the like, 
are least fit to march with the army, but at the same time capable 
of this duty. A commissary is likewise to be left to supply the 
sick with provisions. A commissioned officer to every 50 men is 
to remain, and a field-officer to superintend the whole. 

The arms of the sick in each regiment are to supply, as &r as ne- 
cessary, the deficiency of those unfit for duty. If any remain, tiiey 
are tc\ be left in care of the officer who stays with the sick. Th£ 

16 



86S BENTENCnS OV OODBT MABTIAL. 

yaalU are to be well oovefed before ihe Inigades leaTe tte 
grouDd. 

Comraanding officen of diyieioiiii and all otben, aie to paj tlie 
strictest atteDtion that no woman be enffeiedy on any prei^icei to 
get into the wagons <^ the army on the march. 

Some hospital tentrpoles were delivered at the Qoartermaster- 
general'* store Uirovgh mistalDe. Those who hare them in poseee- 
sion are desired to return them immediatelj» 

At a Brigade Conrt Martial, whereof Lieutenast-oolond Oswald 
was president, the 28th, 29tb, and 30th inst, S^geant John !Nevil, 
of Colonel Lamb's Regiment, tried for losing a bullock bj n^led, 
when Sergeant of the commissary's guard, was by them nnanimona- 
ly acquitted. 

Jonathan Gill, of Capt Brown's Company, tried for dmalennesa 
at his post, plead guilty and was sentenced to teoeive 60 laahea. 

James Whaling, Drummer of Colonel Proctor's Regiment, tried 
for desertion and attempting to get into Philadelphia, plead guilty. 
The court, in cousideration of his youth, and his having received no 
pay or bounty except some clothes, as appeared from CoL Pioctor's 
evidence, do sentence him to receive only 30 lashes. 

Michael Nash, of Captain Eangsbory's Company, tried for drunk- 
enness on duty and absenting himself from his guard, plead guilty, 
and sentenced to receive 50 lashes, 

John Gibbons, of Col. Proctor's Regiment, tried for absenting him- 
self from camp without leave^ was sentenced to receive 50 lashea^ 

The General approves the sentences, and orders Sergeant Nevill 
to be released from his confinement 

Some circumstances appearing in favor of James Whaling, the 
30 lashes are remitted. The punishment ordered the others is to 
be inflicted to-morrow morning at guard-mountings at the head of 
the regiments to which they respectively belong. 

The Court Martial, whereof Lieutenant-oolonel Oswald is piesi- 
dent, is dissolved* Osonoi Washikotow. 



OlDBB OF MABOH. 883 

H. Q., Yallst FoBQi, June 1, 17*78. 
Ojficen for dntj Uy-mcTrow : 

Brigadier-general, Muhlenberg. 

Colonel, WigglesworUi. 

Major, Church. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 

Inspector, from Leamed's Brigade. 

Oolonel CoorUandt is i^pointed to tarry in camp to soperintend 
the 8i<^ left on the ground when the army movee, and to send on 
the recovered men properly officered to join their respective corpe ; 
and Migor Marvin will repair to the Yellow Springs and the hospi- 
tals near camp, and superintend the sick there. They will apply to 
thft orde^ officer to-morrow for written instructions. 

The following will be observed as a standing model for the order 
of march, whether of the whole army, a division, brigade, or battal- 
ion. It may happen that some changes may be necessary in the 
strength and number of the advanced, rear, and flank guards, and 
in the relative distances to each other and to the main body, <ko., 
which are to be determined according to particular drcumstances, 
and which the officers oommanding will judge of; but the general 
principles and rules here laid down, are in all cases to be practised, 
only with such variations in applying them as different situations 
may require. 

When a battalion receives orders to march, each company forms 
befc^e its own quarters; the Captain, having inspected into their 
arms and accoutrements, conducts it to the regimental parade, where 
the field-officers inspect the whole, form each battalion into ei^t 
platoons for charging, agreeable to instructions given, and march it 
by platoons to the rendezvous. When only one battalion marches, 
the Colonel orders out an advanced and rear guard, each consisting 
of one lieutenant, three non-commissioned officers, one drummer, 
and twenty privates. 

A brigade composed of several battalions, has an advanced and 
rear guard, each consisting of one captain, two subalterns, six non« 
eommisBioned officers, and forty or fifty privates. 



364 OBDEB OF MABCH. 

WHen several brigades march together, each brigade furnishes a 
proportionate number for the advanced and rear guards. 

When the whole army marches, the new guards of the daj form 
the advanced guard, and the old ones the rear guard. The new 
guards being assembled on the grand parade, the Brigadier of the 
day forms them into a battalion of eight platoons, and the eldest 
field-officer of the day takes the command of it and marches at the 
head of the column. The Brigadier of the preceding day, having 
assembled the old guards, forms them in the same manner, the eld- 
est field-officer taking the command and marching in the rear of the 
column. The advanced guard should be from 50 to 200 paces in 
front of the column ; each advanced guard should send forward a 
detachment to serve as an advanced guard to itself and this de- 
tachment should also send out a patrol in front of the others, thus : 
one captain, two subalterns, six non-commissioned officers, one 
drummer, and fifty men, will send out a non-commissioned officer 
and twelve men, and that non-commissioned officer will also advance 
four men in his front An advanced guard of one lieutenant and 
twenty men, will advance one non-commissioned officer and eight 
men, who will also advance two men in his front The rear guard 
will also observe the same rules, sending its detachments in the rear 
as the advanced guard does in front 

, When a brigade, division, or the whole army marches by the 
right, it is supposed the enemy is on the left, and the contrary. 
Each battalion will therefore send out on the flank exposed to the 
enemy one subaltern, two non-commissioned officers, and sixteen 
men, as a flank-guard, who will march in a platoon by files from 
the right opposite the centre of the battalion, at the distance of 
eighty or one hundred yards from the column. 

When the army marches in two columns, the right column has 
its flank-guard on its right, and the left column on its left 

When the array marches in oue column, and the position of the 
enemy is uncertain, guards must be sent on both flanks. The ad- 
vanced, rear, and flank guards must always have their bayonets 
fixed. 

Whenever the ground will permit, the battalions must march by 



OBIffiB OF MABOH. 366 

platoons. During the march, each colonel mast stay before his bat- 
talion, and each captain and subaltern before his platoon : the inter- 
vals between the battalions and platoons must be strictly observed 
during the march. 

When there is a creek or defile to pass, the brigadiers must stop 
till their brigades have passed, and the colonels till their respective 
battalions have passed. They will take care that the men pass with 
as large a front and as quick as possible. 

The advanced guards having passed, the defile should take such 
a situation as to be able to see all around, and shall send out pa- 
trols 500 paces around. The head of the column will halt before 
it enters the defile, to let the platoons get half-distance, and when 
half the column gets through, it halts till the whole has passed, and 
then continues its march. 

When the road will not permit marching by platoons, the march 
is to be made by four in front, in the following manner, viz. : £ach 
officer will divide his platoon into sections ; for example, a platoon 
of sixteen files makes four sections. They will break off by the 
right or left, each section two paces from the other, and continue 
the march. If a platoon has fifteen files, the last section will have 
three files ; if fourteen, the last will have four men in one rank ; if 
thirteen files, the last will have ^yq files. 

When marching in this order by the right, the officers command- 
ing platoons will be on the left of the first section ; the sergeant 
stays in his place on the right, and the officers and non-commis- 
sioned officers who were in the rear will be on the right flank. If 
they march in this order by the left, the commissioned officer of 
the platoon remains on the right of tHe first section, and the others 
on the left flank, so that by wheeling the sections the platoons will 
be formed, and each officer and non-commissioned officer will be in 
his place. 

Daring the march each officer must keep his platoon in order ; 
the officers and non-commissioned officers in the rear must prevent 
the soldiers from leaving the rank on any account If the soldiers 
have occasion for water, the officer must send a non-commissioned 
officer with some men to fill their canteens, and the non-oommis* 



366 8ENTBN0B OF OOtTST ICIXTIAL. 

sioned officer must bring them back to tbeir platoons immediateljr. 
The flank-gaard will never suffer any non-commissioned officer or 
soldier to pass them during the march, and the rear-guard will take 
care to bring up all stragglers. 

A bri^rade Court Martial is to sit to-morrow morning at nine 
o'clock, at a tent near the Oeneral's house, for the trial of such pria- 
oners as shall be brought before them. Lieut O^onel Da Plisna 
is appointed president, Captain Cook, Capt. Lieut Powers, Capt 
Lieut Coltman, two Captain-lientenants from Colonel Harrison'a 
Regiment, two subalterns from Colonel Crane's, one fr<»n Colonel 
Lamb's, one from Colonel Proctor's, and two from Colonel Harri- 
son's R^ments, are the members of the court ; and Capt Lieut. 
Duflpjr, Judge-advocate. 

AfUt Order. — ^The order for a general Court Martial, of which 

Lieutenantrcolonel Du Plissis waa appointed president this day, is 

coontermanded. 

Gkobqs Wabhihotok. 

H. Q., Yallbt Foiai, June S, 1778. 
Officttv for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, ••.••••. Poor. 

Colonel, « • Bowman. 

Lieutenant-oolonely Beauford. 

Brigade-major, Claiborne. 

Inspector, from Patterson's Brigade. 

At a general Court Martial, of which Colonel Chambers was prea- 
ident^ May 29, 1778, Lieutenant-colonel Gray, of the 12th Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment, tried for ungentlemanlike behavior in entering into 
private contracts with the soldiers of hit regiment for the defi- 
ciency of rations, by which means, and other unwarrantable prac- 
tices, the soldiers are defrauded of a considerable sum of money, 
found guilty of the charge exhibited against him, being a breach of 
Art 21, Sec. 14 of the Articles of War, and sentenced to be cash- 
iered ; and agreeable to Art 22, Sec. 14, his name, place of abode, 
crime, and punishment, be published in the newspapers in anu 
tfoond camp, and of that particular State from which he oama, or 



A gPT TO BB nAVOBJK 867 

ill which he usnallj resides. The Oommuider-in-Chief approves 
the sentence, and orders it to take place. 

At the same coart, Lieutenant Webb, of the 7th Virginia Regi- 
ment, was tried for *^ disobedience of orders, for going on dutj in a 
hnnting-shirt, after confessing he had a coat ; and being desired 
that if he had no regard to his own appearance to have some for 
the credit of his regimenti and therefore to not 'appear in an unof- 
ficerlike manner," found guilty, and sentenced to be reprimanded 
by the officer commanding the regiment to which he belongs, in 
presence of the officers thereof 

The General approves the sentence, and orders it to be put into 
€zeciitaoa to-morrow momiiig at roli-calL 

Gbobox Washinotov. 

Hi Q, Vailkt FoBOi^ Jane S, lYVS. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Vamnm. 

Lieutenant-colonel, •••••«•• Begmer. 

Major, •««•««, Porter. 

Brigade-major, • • • • McCormick. 

Inspector, from Weedon's Brigade. 
Thomas Shanks, on full conviction of his being a spy in the ser- 
vice of the enemy, befote a Board of general officers held yesterday, 
by order of the Commander^in-Chie^ is adjudged warthy of death. 
He is therefore to be hanged to-morrow morning at guard-mount- 
ing, at soBie convenient place near the grand parade. 

At a general Court Martial, the 1st iast, Colonel Chamben pren- 
dent, Lieutenant Toomy, of Colonel Gist's Regiment, attached to the 
Third Maryland Brigade, tried for disobedience of orders, found 
guilty, and sentenced to be reprimanded by the commanding officer 
of the brigade, in presence of the officers of the brigade to which 
he belongs. The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and 
orders it to take place to-morrow morning at roll-call. 

When commissions shall be issued to fill the vacancies in the 
corps of artillery, they will be dated at the time the vacancies hap- 
pened, according to the usual method. 



368 BE80LTB OF 00NGBBB8. 

Officers commanding pieces of artiUery are to be yerj carefiil 
that no wagoners are, on any pretence whatever, suffered to lodge 
in their wagons. Any one found sleeping in a wagon will be pun- 
ished, and the officer to whom such wagon shall belong shall be 
called to a severe account 

George Washington. 

H. Q, Yallmy Fobos, June 4^ 17781 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Soott 

lieutenant-colonel, North. 

Major, Hawes. 

Brigade-major, Berrien. 

Inspector, from Muhlenberg's Brigade. 
The following resolve of Congress, the operation of which has 
heretofore been prevented by the particular circumstances of tiie 
army, is in future to be punctually observed : 

" In Onorebb, Nov. 19, 177e. 
^ Mesolved, That on any sick or disabled non-commissioned officer 
or soldier being sent to any hospital or sick quarters, the captain or 
commandant of the troop or company to which he belongs^ shall 
send to the suigeon or director of the said hospital, or give to the 
non-commissioned officer or soldier, so in the hospital or quarters, a 
certificate countersigned by the paymaster of the regiment (if he be 
with the regiment), of what pay is due to such non-commissioned 
officer or private at the time of his entering the hospital or quar> 
ters, and the captain or commandant of the troop or company shall 
not receive the pay of the said soldier in hospital or quarters, or 
include him in any pay-abstract during bis continuance therein. 
And in case any non-commissioned officer or soldier shall be dis- 
charged from the hospital or quarters as unfit for further service, a 
certificate shdll be given him by the surgeon or director of what 
pay is then due to him, and the said non-commissioned officer or 
soldier so discharged shall be entitled to receive his pay at any pay 
office, or from any paymaster in the service of the United States — 
the said paymaster keeping such certificate to prevent impositions, 



UBUTENAKT-OOLOIIEL FLEUBT. 869 

and giving the non-commissioned officer or soldier his discharge, or 
a certified copy thereof mentioning at the same time that he has 
been paid. That this resolution be transmitted to the Commanders- 
in-Chief in the several departments, to be by them given out in or- 
ders, and then delivered to the directors of the hospitals in each 
department, who are to cause the same to be fixed up in some con- 
spicuous place or places in every military hospital, for the informa- 
tion of all concerned.** 

The commanding officers of regiments are immediately to make 
returns to the Commissary of Military Stores, of the arms actually 
vranting in their respective corps to complete the number of men 
fit for duty in each, agreeable to which the Commissary is further 
to issue the arms now in store. 

All persons whatever are forbid selling liquor to the Indians. If 
any sutler or soldier shall presume to act contrary to this prohibi- 
tion, the former will be dismissed from camp, and the latter receive 
severe corporeal punishment. 

On the march, Lieutenant-colonel Fleury will be attached to 
General Lee's Division, Lieutenant-colonel Davis to General Lord 
Stirling's, Lieutenant-colonel Barber to General Mifflin's, Major 
Ternant to General Marquis De Lafayette's, Lieutenant-colonel 
Brooks to General Baron De Kalb's, and as they will not be em- 
ployed on the march in exercising or manoBuvering the troops, they 
are to fill the office of Adjutant-general, each in his respective 
division. 

. George Washington. 

H. Q., Yallbt Fobob, June 6, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Huntington. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Vose. 

Major, Peters. 

Brigade-major, Stagg. 

.Inspector, from late Conway's Brigade. 

A Court of Inquiry, whereof Colonel Wigglesworth is appointed 
president, will set to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock, at the President's 



870 

qoarten, at the request of Lieutenmnt-eolonel Da I^asia, to inqahe 
into his conduot^ on the different occasions mentioned in a letter 
from the Commander-in-Chief to Congress in his behalf^ and into 
the troths of the facts on which the representations contained in it 
were founded, and of the several matters nrged by the officers of 
artillery to the contrary, in a letter from th^m to tiie Commander- 
in-Chief. All persons concerned will attend. Lieutenant-colonel 
Dearborn, Lieutenant-colonel Butler, Major Hay, and Mi^or Camp- 
bdl, are the members of the court. 

Captain Lawrence Eeene, of the regiment late Pktten% it ap- 
pointed Aid-de-camp to Major-general Mifflin, and is to be obeyed 
as such. 

A Captain from Weedon's Brigade and a subaltern from the lat 
Pennsylvania Brigade, are to repair immediately to the hospitals at 
the Tellow Springs to relieve Captain Wallace and lieutenant 
Swearinger. They will call at the orderly office for instructions. 

At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Chambers was pren- 
dent, the 27th ult. Lieutenant McDonald, of the 3d Pennsylvania 
Regiment, tried for ^unofficer and ungentlemanlike behavior, in 
taking two mares and a barrel of carpenter's tools on the lines, 
which mares he conveyed away, and sold the tools at private sale — 
and with insulting behavior, in refusing to comply with his arrest" 
After mature deliberation, the court taking into consideration sev- 
eral circumstances, are unanimously of opinion, that although Lieu- 
tenant McDonald is guilty of the facts alleged in the first ohaige, 
they do not amount to " unofficer and ungentlemanlike behavior," 
and do acquit him of it, and likewise of the second. 

The Commander-in-Chief is far from being satisfied of the pro- 
priety of Lieutenant McDonald's conduct He knows of no au- 
thority under which he had a right to seize the horses in question, 
and to apply them in the manner he did. He approves still less of 
the measures taken with respect to the tools. 

If the probability of their being carried into the enemy by a dis- 
affected person justifies the seizure, nothing can justify the applying 
them, as appears to have been intended, to private emolument, to 
the injury of the right owner, who was an absent and innocent per- 



OOLOKSL HAOLB's Tmi-PARIT. 871 

•on who liad only lodged them in Uie enre dt the other during his 
absence. They ought immediately to have been reported to, and 
lodged with, the Quartermaeteivgeneral. Lieutenant McDonald is 
released from his arrest 

General Poor's, Vamum's, Huntington's, Ist and 8d Pennsylva- 
nia, and late Conway's Brigades, and the Artillery, will receive their 
pay for the months of February and March this day. Woodford's, 
Scott's, and the North Carolina Brigades, to-moiTow. Glover's, 
Patterson's, and Leamed's, the 7th inst; Weedon's, Muhlenbeig's, 
and the 1st and 8d Maryland Brigades, the 8th inst 

A general Court Martial in the corps of artillery, of which Col. 
Harrison is hereby appointed president, will sit to-morrow morning 
at 9 o'clock, at the President's tent, for the trial of all sach persons 
as shall be brought before them. Captain Rice, Captain Wells, one 
Ci^itain, one Captain-lieutenant, and two Lieatenants from Colonel 
Harrison's Regiment, two Lieutenants from Colonel Crane's, one 
tmok Colonel Lamb's, and two from Colonel Proctor's RegimentH| 
•ie the members ; and Ci^iain-lieatenant Powars, Judge-advocate. 

GsoRGB Washington. 

H. Q., Yixxsr Foio^ June t, 1778. 
Officers for duty to-morrow: 

Brigadier-general, Patterson. 

Lieutenant-colonely ••••»•»• Coleman. 

Major, • . • » Moore. 

Brigade-major; » • Bannister. 

Inspector, frt>m Huntmgton's Brigade. 
At a general Court Martial, whereof Colonel Chambers was pres- 
ident, the 2d inst, Captain Stake of the 10th Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment was tried for '^propagating a report, that Colonel George 
Nagle was seen, on the 15th of May, drinking either tea or coffee in 
Sergeant Howercraft^s tent, with his lady, her mother, the said 
Howercraft, and his fiunily, to the prejudice of good order and mil- 
itary discipline." 

The court having considered the charge and evidence, are unan- 
imously of opinion that Captain Intake's justification in relation to 



872 8BNTEN0BB OF OOUBT MABTIAL. 

the report of Colonel Nagle^s having drunk tlie tea or caSee as 
aforesaid is sufficient, and do acquit him of the charge exhibited 
against hi in. The General approves the acquittal. 

At the same court, Lieutenant Samuel Jones, of the 15th Virginia 
Regiment, was tried for " concealing, and denying that he had in 
his possession, a pair of mittens belonging to Captain Hull ; 2dly, 
for gaming on the 12th of May, and sundry other times; ddly, f<»' 
behaving in a manner unbecoming an officer and gentleman in 
treating Capt Hull with abusive language while under arrest, and 
endeavoring to incense the officers of his r^ment against him.'' 

The court, having considered the charge and evidence, are of 
opinion that Lieutenant Jones is guilty of the charge exhibited 
against him, and do sentence him to be discharged from the service. 

The General is entirely disposed to believe from the representa- 
tions he has received in favor of Lieutenant Jones, that he was in- 
capable of having retained the gloves with a fraudulent intention ; 
but as he has been clearly proved to have been guilty of the perni- 
cious practice of gaming, which will invariably meet with every 
mark of his disapprobation, he confirms the sentence of dismissing 
Lieutenant Jones. 

At the same court. Lieutenant John Roberts, of the 2d Northi Car- 
olina Regiment, was tried for behaving in a scandalous and infa- 
mous manner, and absenting himself from camp without leave. 
The court, having considered the charges and evidence, are unani- 
mously of opinion that Lieutenant John Roberts is not guilty of the 
charge exhibited against him, and do acquit him. 

The General approves the acquittal^ but is sorry to see little per- 
sonal bickerings between officers, which cannot with propriety be 
drawn into military offences, made the subjects of Courts Martial. 

At a Brigade Court Martial held this day, whereof Col. Harrison 
is president, George Deloney, of Colonel Crane's Regiment, was 
tried for desertion, plead guilty, and was sentenced* to receive 100 
lashes. Also, John Gill, of Colonel Harrison's Regiment, was tried 
for being drunk on his post, plead guilty, and was sentenced to re- 
ceive 50 lashes ; but many circumstances appearing in &vor of the 
prisoner, the court recommends him to mercy. 



OOUSTO HAJmAL. 373 

The General approves the above sentencee, remits the punish- 
ment ordered Gill, and forgives Deloney also, in vrhose favor some 
particular circumstances have appeared. 

Georgb Washington. 

H. Q., Yaluby Foege, June 1, 1778. 
OflScers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Wayne. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Haskell. 

Major, Mentges. 

Brigade-major, Haskell. 

Inspector, from Yamum's Brigade. 

The general Court Martial, whereof Col. Chambers is president, 
is dissolved, and another ordered to sit at the usual place to-morrow 
for the trial of all such prisoners as shall be brought before it Col. 
Livingston will preside. Each brigade will give a captain for the 
court. 

A general Court Martial will sit to-morrow at the Gulf Mill, to 
try all such persons as shall be brought before them. Lieutenant- 
colonel Smith will preside. Four captains and eight subalterns, 
from Colonel Jackson's detachment, will attend as members. 

The Court of Inquiiy, whereof Colonel Johnson was president, 
the 29th ult., report as follows : The court duly considering the 
charge exhibited against Lieutenant-colonel Park, and his defence, 
are of opinion that he is guilty of having been absent from camp 
without leave, but that he is not guilty of negligence of duty while 
in camp. The court taking into consideration the peculiar circum- 
stances of Lieut. Colonel Park's absence, and the punishment he 
has already endured in consequence of his arrest and suspension 
from duty, beg leave to recommend him to his Excellency as worthy 
of acquittal. The General restores Lieut Col. Park to his command. 

The Honorable the Congress have been pleased to come to the 
following resolutions respecting the establishment of the army, viz. : 



8TA 



PAT T. 



Iv OoMUM, May fl, mt. 
Ebtablishmbnt or thb Amkrioan Armt. 
The If^aaiUry. 
Resolved^ That each battalion of infantry ahall consist of nine 
companies— one of which shall be of light-infantry; the light- 
infiintry to be kept complete by drafb from the battalion, and or- 
ganized during the campaign into corps of light-infantry. That 
the battalion of in&ntry shall consist of — 



Fayp4rwnmiK 

lColon«l DoUtft 76 1 Fife-mi^or DoUan 9 

1 LieateiMOt-«oloiieL €0 18 Drams and Fifes «aah Vft 

IMi^or. ....50 jrCorponOa each 7V» 

^Captains eaoh 40 477 Privates eaoh SVa 

1 Captain-lieatenant 2^a 

8 LientenantB eaoh 28Va 

SEoaigiiB each 80 

1 Soigeon 60 

lSargeon*B Mate 40 

1 Seri^eant^iiii^or 10 

1 Quartermaster's Sergeant. . 10 

S7 8eigeanU eaoh 10 

1 Dmm-mi^or 9 

Each of the field-offioen to command a company. The Liem- 

tenant of the Colonel's ccmqpany is to have the rank of Ci^pUift- 

lieutenaot 

The Artillery. 

That a battalion of artillery shall consist of — 



iFife-mi^or DoUan 

18 Drams and FU<BS each 

87 Corporals each 

477 Privates eaoh 

1 Paymaster to be taken from 
the line, and to receive in 
addition to his pay in the 

line, per month SQ 

1 Adjutant, taken as above, 

and additional pay per mo. 18 
1 Qr. Master, taken as above, 
aid additional pay par mo. 18 



Pofpermonik, 

1 Colonel Dollars 100 

1 Lientenant-oolonel 75 

iM^or 68>A 

laCi^tainB each 50 

18 CaptiuD-lieatenants, eaoh 88% 

18 First-lieotenantB . . . eaoh 88>/a 

88 Secood-lieatenants, eaoh 8a>/a 

1 Surgeon 75 

1 Surgeon's Mate 50 

1 Sergeant-major H'Vm 

1 QuarterraaBter's Sergeant ll**/fo 

1 Fife-m^jor. 10»%. 

1 Drum-nu\jor 10**/m 

78 Sergeants eadi 10 



Jgyjxr t wsa ft . 
78 Bombardiers . . . eaoh, Dolls. 9 

78 Corporals eaoh 8 

786annen eaoh 8S 

84 Drums and Fifes each 8% 

888MatroS8e8 each 8Va 

1 Paymaster to betaken from 
the line, and to reoeive in 
addition to his pay in the 

line, per month 85 

1 A<yutant from the line, ad- 
ditional pay per month.. . 18 
1 Quartermaster from the line, 
additional pay per month 18 



PAT TASUi. 



875 



7%e Cavalry y or Dragoons. 



That a battalion of cavalry shall 

J*9fp^ month. 

1 Colonel DoUara ftSY. 

1 Lieotenant-oolond 76 

IMigor 60 

6 Captains each 60 

ISL LieotenantB aaoh SS>^ 

CCometB «aoh S^a 

1 Sorgeon....* $0 

1 Soigeon's Mate 40 

1 Saddler 10 

1 Trampet-migor , , 11 

i Farriers each 10 

$ Qnartermast. Seigts, each 16 



consiflt of — 

Pmif p«r matUk. 
6 Trumpeters..,. each, Dolls. 10 

18 Sergeants each 16 

aoCorporsls each 10 

874 Dragoons each S^/t 

1 Pi^master ftom the line, 
and to reoeive in addition 
to his pay in the line, per 

month 96 

1 Adjutant Arom the line, ad- 
ditional pay per month. . . 16 
1 Quartermaster firom the line, 
additional pay per month. 16 



Provosts. 
That a provoet be eetablished to coiudst of-* 



BavpermoiUK 
9 Sergeants. . . . each, Dollars 15 

6 Corporals each 10 

48 Provosts or privates. . . each 8 Vt 
4 Ezeontioners each 10 



l^p^rmonih. 
1 CapUdn of Provosts, Dollars 60 

4 Lieotenanta each 88Va 

IClerk. 88V« 

1 Qr. Maater's Sergeant . 16 

STnunpeters each 10 

This corps is to be mounted on horseback, and armed and accou- 
tred as light-dragoons. 

That in the Engineering Department^ three companies be estab- 
lished, each to consist of — 

Pay p0r fntmSh. 

1 Captain Dollars 50 

8 Lieotenanta each 88Vt 

4 Sergeants each 10 



Paiff per month, 

4 Corporals each, Dollars 8 

80 Privates each 8Va 



That two Aides-de-Camp be allowed to each Major-general, who 
shall for the future appoint them out of the captains and subalterns. 
That in addition to their pay in the line there be allowed to — 

An Aid-de-Camp, per month Dollars S4 

A Brigade-major, " 94 

A Brigade Qoartermaster, ** 16 



876 



PAY TABLB. 



60 
40 
75 
40 



Note.— The paj of th« flowing offloere was at different times daring tiiei 

fixed as foUowa : 

PaypermoniK 

Mi^or-general Dollara 166 

Aid-de-Camp 50 

Brigttdier-genenil of cavalry . . 166V« 

Brigadier-general of infkntry. 125 

Brigade Chaplain 50 

Quartermaater-general 166Va 

Deputy Qr. Mr. Gen. Southern 
Army 126 

Deputy Qr. Mr. Gen. Main 
Army 75 

Assistant Qr. Mr. Generals. . . SO 

Wagonmaster 60 

Dep. Wagonmaster, Southern 
Army.. 50 

Wagon Conductor 20 

Adjutant-general 126 

Deputy Adjutant-general 75 

Assistant Adj u tant-general ... 60 

Clerk *to Adjutant-general .... 40 

Inspector-general 800 

Paymaster-general, in the cur- 
rency of the day 1166^1 

Deputy Paymaster-general ... 75 

Assistant Paymaster-general.. 70 

Director of Hospital 102 

All officers will be particular to make themselves well acquainted 
with the establishment, and govern themselves accordingly. The 
Commissaries will be particularly observant of what relates to their 
department until the regiments shall be arranged agreeable to this 
establishment. The nomination of regimental staff-officers, accord- 
ing to the mode here pointed out, is to be suspended. 

Georos Washington. 

H. Q., Yallst Fobqs, Jane 8, 17'7& 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, ........ Muhlenberg. 

lieutenant-colonel, Ramsey. 

Major, Talbott. 

Brigade-major, Alden. 

Inspector, from North Carolina Brigade. 



Depoty Director of Hospital. . 100 

Sorgeon of Hospital 90 

Apothecary and Purveyor .... 92 

Stewards of Hospitals 81 

Commissary-gen. of Mil. Stores 88Va 
Field Commissary Mil. Stores. 
Deputy Field Com. Mil. Stores 

Commissary of Prisoners 

Asst Commiaeary of Prisonen 

Geographer to the Army 60 

Assistant Geographer SO 

Judge Advocate 76 

Deputy Judge Advocate 60 

Clothier-general 250 

Deputy Clothier-general 75 

inspector of BaUons 166Va 

Biding-master of Cavalry .... 8SVa 

Geographical Chain-bearer. ... 15 

Conductor of Artillery 40 

Forage-master 80 

Director of Artificers 40 

Brigade Inspector, in addition 

to pay in the line 80 

Quartermaster-generaL 80 

Dep. Quartermaster-general... 60 



LAST DAYS AT VALLEY FOBGB. 8Y7 

Captain John Mercer, of the 3d Virginia Regiment, is appointed 
Aide-de-Camj) to Major-general Lee, and is to be accordingly re* 
spected. 

Brigade officer of the day, Captain-lieutenant Meredith. Colonel 
EQirrison gives the orderly to head-quarters, and Colonel Crane \o 
the brigade. Georob Washington. 

H. Q., Valuet Foacn, June 9, 17*78. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Woodford. 

Colonel, • . Smith. 

Major, Pauling. 

Brigade-major, Johnson. 

Inspector, from Woodford's Brigade. 

After the dismission of the old guards, the Brigadier and field- 
officers of the preceding day are to assemble at the provost-guard, 
and examine into the charges against the several prisoners there, 
and the circumstances attending them, and to discharge all such as 
shall appear to be improperly confined, or the length of whose im- 
prisonment may be deemed a sufficient punishment for their crimes, 
or whose offences are so trifling as to make the process of a general 
Court Martial unnecessary. They are to send to their brigades and 
regiments all those who are to be tried by Brigade or Regimental 
Courts. 

Three Captains and nine Lieutenants are wanted to officer the 
company of sappers. As this corps will be a school of engineering, 
it opens a prospect to such gentlemen as enter it, and will pursue 
the necessary studies with diligence, of becoming engineers, and 
rising to the important employments attached to that profession, 
such as the direction of fortified places, d^. The qualifications re- 
quired of the candidates are, that they be natives, and have a knowl- 
edge of the mathematics and drawing, and are disposed to apply 
themselves to these studies. They will give in their names at head- 
quarters. 

The army is to take a new camp to-morrow morning at 8 o*clock. 
The whole is to be in readiness accordingly, and to march to the 



878 LAST DATS AT VALLEY FOBOE. 

reepectiye grounds of encampment, which will be pointed oat for 
each division by the Quartermaster-general. 

At a Division Court Martial, the 7th inst, lieutenant-colonel 
Badlam president, Adjutant Allen, of Colonel Michael Jackson's 
Regiment, tried for repeated disobedience of orders, and abusive 
language to Major Hull, and refusing to leave his hut when order- 
ed, was unanimously found guilty of the charges exhibited against 
him, and sentenced to be discharged from the service. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence, and ordera it to 
take place* Georob Washihotoh. 

H. Q., Yaluet FoaoB, June 10^ iTlt, 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Brigadier-general, Poor. 

Lieutenant-colonel, • • « Harmar. 

Major, . . % Cbekins. 

Brigade-mi^, Marsh a ll . 

Field-officers for detachment: 

Lieutenant-colonel, Heath. 

Major, Ellison. 

For fatigue : 

Colonel, Brewer. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Miller. 

Mijor, Hq>kin8. 

Cdonel Crane gives the orderiy to head-quarters, and Coloiiel 
Harrison to the brigade. Gsoboe Washihotoh. 

H. Q., VAZunr Foioa, June 11, 117S. 
Officers for duty to-morrow : 

Major-general, Lee. 

Brigadier-general, Scott. 

Lieutenant-colonel, Brent 

Major, Tubbs. 

Brigade-major, Minnis. 

Some misunderstanding, and mistakes in oonsequence, having 



LA8T DATS AT VALLBT FOSOB. 879 

amen, with respect to the Major-general's command, the Com- 
maD<ier-in-Chief directs, that till a more perfect arrangement can 
be made ander the new establishment, or till further orders on this 
head, each Major-general is to command the division heretofore as- 
flogned him, previous to the late disposition for a march ; but in case 
of an alarm, or any other general movement of the army, the three 
eldest Major-generals pesent and fit fbr duty, are, during the occa- 
sion, to command the right and left wings and second line of the 
army, agreeably to the general order of the 28d May last The 
North Carolina Brigade is to supply the place of General MaxwelFs 
and Lord Stirling's Divisions till f^irther orders. 

Upon firing the signal-guns for an alarm, the troops are to form 
immediately in fh>nt of their respective brigades, and are to be 
marched by the senior Majorgenerals, as above, to their respective 
alarm-poets. 

Tbe 1st and 2d Maryland, and Yamum^ Brigades, are to draw 
up in front of their respective encampments, and send to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief for orders. 

A Major^neral is to be appointed for the day, who, with the 
Brigadier and field-officers on that duty, are carefully to attend to 
the police and good order of the camp. They are always to be on' 
the grand parade at guard-mounting, and when the guards are 
marched ofi^, the Major-genend will make a distribution of the sev- 
eral duties of the day among the field-officers of it. He is to re- 
ceive and report to the Commander-in-Chief the remarkable occur- 
rences which happened during his tour of duty, and will attend in 
an especial manner to the order of the 9th inst., respecting prison- 
ers, as tiiere is reason to believe that many of them are improperly 
detained in the provost 

All unnecessary waste of timber is to be avoided. The com- 
manding officers will know that their Quartermasters attend partic- 
ularly to this business. 

The Commander-in-Chief having received ample testimony of 
the general good character and behavior of Lieutenant Jones, who 
was sentenced to be dismissed the service by a general Court Mar- 
tial, which sentenoe was approved by him on the 6th inst, and being 



380 LAST DATS AT VALLEY FOBOB. 

further satisfied by Generals Woodford, Scott, and other officen, 
that that gentleman is not addicted to the vice of gaming, reslora 
him to his rank and command in the regiment he belonged to, and 
in the line of the army. 

At a. Brigade general Court Martial, June 2, 1778, lieutenant- 
colonel Adams president. Captain Norwood was tried for refusing 
to comply with a general order issued expressly for the relief of the 
troops on picket, founded on the necessity of the case, which at that 
period could not be otherwise remedied, found guilty of the charge 
exhibited against him, and sentenced to be privately reprimanded 
by the officer commanding the regiment to which he belongs. 

The Commander-in-Chief utterly disapproves the sentence as al- 
together inadequate to the offence. The mutinous and dangeroos 
spirit which actuated Captain Norwood, merited, in his opinion, die 
most exemplary punishment He is to be released from his arrest. 

At a general Court Martial, the 5th inst., CoL Chambers prea- 
dent. Lieutenant-colonel Hubly, of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment, 
was tried for ^ malicious behavior in being the occasion of C(^<Hiel 
Nagle's signing a M&e return, to the injury of his honor and oon- 
trary to good order and military discipline, in the case of Captain 
Liang, who, as Colonel Hubly told Colonel Nagle, was absent with- 
out leave, though he had Colonel Hubly^s and General Wayne's 
orders to remain at Lancaster until the business he was sent on was 
perfected." After mature deliberation, the court are unanimously 
of opinion that Lieutenant-colonel Hubly is not guilty, and do ac- 
quit him with honor. 

The Commander-in-Chief confirms the opinion. 

At the same court, Captain Redman, of the late Colonel Patten's 
Regiment, was tried for " misconduct on the night of the 1 1th of 
last April, in neglecting to guard the passes, by which means Capt. 
* Humphreys was surprised, and not coming to Captain Humphreys' 
assistance when he was attacked by the enemy." The court are 
unanimously of opinion, that Captain Redman is not guilty of the 
first charge exhibited against him, and do acquit hinu They are 
of opinion that Captain Redman is guilty of the second chiHge, but 
think that his reasons for not marching to the assistance <^ Captain 



LA8T DATS AT VALLEY FOBGB. 881 

Humphreys are sufficient, imd do nnanimously acquit him with 
honor. 

The Commander-in-Chief confirms the opinion of the court. 

At the same court, William Powell, soldier in Colonel Angell's 
Regiment, was tried— Ist, for desertion ; 2d, for re-enlisting ; 3d, 
for perjury : found guilty, and sentenced to receive 800 lashes, 100 
for each crime, and return to Colonel Angell's Regiment. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence so far as it ex- 
tends to 100 lashes. 

Likewise Edward Connolly, soldier in Col. Harrison's Regiment 
of Artillery, was tried — 1st, for deserting to the enemy ; 2d, for re- 
enlisting h\'i^ Col. Weltner's Regiment: found guilty of the charges 
exhibited against him, and sentenced to receive 200 lashes, 100 for 
each crime. 

The Commander-in-Chief approves the sentence the same as Pow- 
elPs. These sentences to be put into execution to-morrow morning, 
at the head of the regiments to which they belong. 

The grand parade is assigned in front of late Conway's Brigade. 

Georos Washington. 

Nora. — About this time it appeared evident that Sir Henry Clinton was about 
to evacuate Philadelphia, and General Washington and his army at Valley Forge 
were busy in watching his movements, and preparing, if possible, to take any 
advantage that circumstances might dictate. The American troops under 
Washington, during their encampment at Valley Forge, had acquired a consid- 
erable proficiency in tactics under the Baron Steuben. On the I8th of June, 
Clinton with his whole army evacuated Philadelphia. Washington sent General 
Arnold with a force to take possession of the city, broke up his encampment at 
Valley Foige, and pursued Clinton's army through New Jersey, hoping to 
strike some blow upon the enemy that would repay him to some extent for his 
long, inactive, and dreary encampment at Valley Forge. He overtook Clinton's 
army at Monmouth, on the 28th of June, and engaged in a battle which resulted 
in the fall of Colonel Monokton, of the Boyal Grenadiers, and covered the 
American arms with glory. 



SUPERNUMERARY OFFICERS 

AT THE CHESTERFIELD ABBANGEMENT OF THE VIBGINIA LUTl^ 

FEBBUAKT, 1781 ; AND NOTES ON THE SEBVICES OF 

DIFFERENT OFFICERS. 



OoL WiUiam Heatii, supemainerary bj jaoiorifcy. 

CkL Levin Jcine&f 

OoL Boif(«M Ball, 

Lieut CoL John Webb, 

Lient CoL Richard Taylor, 

lient CoL Richard C. Anderson, 

Major Thomas Ridley, 

Major John Hays, 

Major Andrew Waggoner, 

Major John Gilchrist, 

Major Thomas Hill, 

Major William Taylor, 

Major William Mosely, 

Major Peter B. Bruin, 

Capt Lieut William Eppes, 

Capt Lieut John Crittenden, 

Capt Lieut Arthur Lind, 

Captain Richard Stephens, 6th ] 

Captain William Vance, 8th 

Captain John Steed, 4th 

Lieut David Williams, 8th 

Lieut Edward Smith, Yth 

Ensign Thomas Holt, Ist 

Ensign Philip Coartney, 1st Regiment, subjected to a court of 

inquiry. 
Ensign Wm, Scott, 4th Regt, subjected to a court of inquiry. 
Ensign Spencer Morgan, 7th Regt, da da 

Ensign Wm. Baylis, 8th do. do. da 



do. 


da 


da 


da 


d<K 


da 


da 


da 


da 


da 


da 


by dioioe. 


da 


da 


da 


by JDniority. 


da 


by cboica 


da 


by juniority. 


da 


da 


da 


da 


^da 


da 


da 


b/chokw. 


da 


da 


da 


do. 


«gimeni 


t, BDperseded. 


do. 


da 


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da 


da 


da 


do. 


da 


do. 



^ 



XOTIB OH THB BBBYIOBB OF OFnOKBB. 888 



Robert H. Haioubok 

Entered the army as Aid-de-Camp to GeDeral Washington, but 
soon became his private secretary. On the 5th June, 1776, Con- 
gresB resolved that R H. Harrison, Esq^ have the rank of Lieuten- 
ant-colonel in the Continental army. He continued in the family 
of Washington until the spring of 1781, when he left on account of 
ill health, and was appointed Chief-justice of the General Court of 
Maryland, March 10, 1781, and held said o&ce until his death, in 
1790. 

CoL. Gso&OB Batlob, 
Of the Virginia Dragoons. By a special act of Congress, May 25, 
1882, Mrs. Ann D. Baylor, repMsentadve, received $19,950.44 ae 
the commutadoQ pay of a oolonel of dragoons. Cdonel Bayloi 
served to the end of the war, waa an officer of peat merit, and 
died in the island of Barbadoea in 1784, wheM he went fer the 
benefit of his health. 

The reader will recoUect that on the 27th September, 1778, Gen. 
Gray, a famous British marauder, surprised Baylor's dragoons while 
ileeping in a bam at old Tappan, N. Y., and out of one hundred 
and four persons, unarmed and asleep, sixty-seven were murdered 
in cold blood, and the rest captured. Seventy horses wera also 
butchered, and Colonel Baylor made a prisoner. The trial and 
execution of Major Andr6 also occmxed at Tappan. 

Col. Johk Thornton 

Was appointed a Captain in the third Virginia Regiment, February 
12, 1776, was promoted to Major March 20, 1777, and in the same 
year to Lieutenant-colonel. On the invasion of Virginia by Com- 
wallis in 1781, he commanded a regiment of militia as a Continen- 
tal officer by order of General La Fayette. 

Ceo*. Ubiah Fobbbst, 
Of the Maryland Continental Line, was severely wounded in the 
battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, which caused the loss otf 
one of his legs. This disabled him from active service, and on 



384 K0TE8 ON THB SBBYIOBB OF OFFICEB8. 

the 2dd Febroary, 1781, be resigned bis commission, and died in 
April, 1805. 

Col. James Matson, 
Of a Regiment of Rangers, raised in tbe State of Sontb Carolina. 
By a resolution of Congress of tbe 24tb July, 1776, bis regiment 
was taken into Continental pay. His service cannot be traced be- 
yond tbe siege of Cbarleston in 1780. 

CoL. MORDEOAI BUOENSR 

Was commissioned Colonel of tbe 6tb Virginia Raiment, Febroarf 
18, 1776, and was casbiered February 9, 1777. 

\y 
CoL. RicHABD Campbell 

Was commissioned as Captain February 19, 1776, and afterwards 
promoted to Lieutenant-colonel. He was kiUed at tbe batUe of 
Eutaw Springs, in Soutb Carolina, September 8, 1781. His beirs 
received 1114 acres of land. 

Col. William Crawford 

Entered tbe service in 1776, and resigned February 10, 1781. Aft^ 
tbis be entered tbe service against tbe Indians on tbe western fron- 
tier, and was killed by tbem. 

Gen. Hugh Merger, 

Of tbe Virginia Line, was appointed Colonel to tbe 8d Virginia 
Regiment, February 18, 1776, and promoted to Brigadier-general 
June 5, 1776. He was a brave and accomplisbed officer, and died 
January 12, 1777, of wounds received at tbe battle of Princeton. 
His heirs received 10,000 acres of land from tbe State of Virginia, 
June 24, 1783. 

Col. Richard Parker, 
Of tbe Virginia Line, was commissioned Captain in tbe second Vir- 
ginia Regiment, January 24, 1776, and afterwards became Colonel 
of the 8th Regiment He died at the siege of Charleston, April 24, 
1780. His beirs were allowed 6666f acres of land by the State of 
Virginia, June 4, 1788. 



/ 



H0TE8 OK THB SEBVIOES OF OTFIOBBB. 885 

Col. Charles Pobtbbfibld 
Was commissioDed Captain of the 11th Virginia Regiment, Febru- 
ary 18, 1776, and served till August 14, 1779, when he was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-colonel of the State Garrison Regiment, and was 
killed at the battle of Camden, August 16, 1780. His heirs re- 
ceived 6000 acres of land from the State, Nov. 18, 1782. 

CoL. Ibaao Rbsd, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant-coloQel of the 4th 
Regiment, February 13, 1776, was promoted to Colonel August Id, 
1776, and died in service in September, 1778. His heirs received 
6666} acres of land from the State. 

Colonel William Taliaferro, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain of the 1st Regiment, 
September 2, 1775, and was soon promoted to Major. He was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-colonel, February 1, 1777, and died in service, 
February 1, 1778. His heirs received 6000 acres of land from the 
State. 

Colonel Thomas Enowlton 
Entered the service 1775, and was very busy at the bombardment 
of Boston in February, 1776. While the British were playing a 
theatrical farce called ** Boston Blockaded,^' Major Knowlton and 
party crossed the mill-dam from Cobble Hill, and set fire to some 
houses in Charlestown occupied by British soldiers, and the fieut^ 
suddenly ended in reality. He was commander of the Congress 
Regiment at the battle of Hariem Plains, September 16, 1776, and 
was there killed. Oeneral Washington said, ^ He would have been 
an honor to any country." 

Captain John Roberts 
Was appointed Captain January 11, 1779, it the Regiment of Con- 
vention Guards. The captives of General Burgcgrne's army, sur* 
rendered at Saratc^a October 17, 1777, were called the "Conven- 
tion Troops.^ These were marched fh>m the north to Charlotte* 

17 



S86 VOm ON THB SEBYIOBS OP 



YiUe, Virginia. On the 5th of Marcli, 1779, he was promoted to 
Major, and served till May 1, 1Y81. 

CAPTAnr Thomas BtACfKwtix 

Became supemnmerary on the arrangement of the army at White 
Plains in September, 1781 ; and on the 16th of May, l783,reeeiyed 
his pay as Captain to November 1, 1778. 

LiSUTlVART WlLUAM PrIOK 

Served as Sergeant in the 1st Virginia Regin^ent from 1779, and, in 
the spring of 1779, was promoted to k lieutenancy, and served to 
the end of the war. He was discharged at Point of Foito m 1789. 
His commission was stolen from him while in service. He received 
his commntation per act 22d March, 1783, and was allowed 2,666{ 
acres of land. 

DocTon WiLUAH Caktsr 

Was a Surgeon in the Continental Hospital at Wilhamslmrg frt>m 
July, l776y to the close of the war. He died in the city of Rick- 
mond, Virginia, in 1798. 

LiSUTSNAKT EdMUKD BrOOK 

Was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Harrison's Vii*ginia Artilferj 
in February, 1781, and served till the siege of Yoiktown, when he 
kft camp on account of sickness, by advice of Captain ColesHOL 

LiBUTBNaKT JOBN TaTLOR 

Served as Lieutenant in the Convention Quards from Jannaiy 18^ 
1779, to June 15^ 1781^ when the r^ment waa ^shanded on mo 
count of the general eichange of prisonera. He received 2y660{ 
acres of land November la, 18S2. 

Captain Etbkaiud Mkabs 

Was commissioned as Captain in tiie 2d Virginia R<^naent, MvA 
8, 1770, and served to May 1, 1780. He was then appointed Aid^ 
de-Camp to Major-general Lincoln, with the rank of M^r, and 
■erred to near the end of the war. 



.^SOIBB OK THK BVBTIOBS OF OFFlOlAti. 887 

Cornet Wiluam Teas 

Served from 1779 to 1781 in Colonel William Washington's Car- 
airy, and died in 1824. Received no pension. 

Captaik Bulleb Claiborne, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in Spottswood's 2d Viiginia Regiment 
from the spring of 1776, to 27th of July, 1777. He alleged ser- 
vice as Brigade-major, aad Aid^e-Camp to Geoend Lincoln. In 
1834 his heirs T«oeivod 5Md^ acres of land. 

LlEtTTSNANT JoHN EmERSON 

Was a Lieutenant in the Idih Virginia Regiment up to April, 1778. 
On the 16th of June, 1820, he received 2666f acres of land ibr 
services. 

Lieutenant Thomas Wallaoe, 
Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned November 23, 1779, as a 
Lieutenant in the 8th Virginia Regiment, and served to November 
19, 1781, when he received marching orders to join the southern 
army in the Carolinas. 

DooTOR Corbin Orhtin 
Was a Sui^geon in the hospital at Yorktown, and continued to serve 
to the end of the war. 

Captain Gboroe M. Bsdinobr ' 

Served as Captain and Indian spy, at Boonsboro', Maryland, from 
1776 to 1781. 

Lieutenant Robert Green 

Was Snsign from 1776, to September 1, 1780; and Lieutenant 
from July 10, 1781, to December 31, 1781. 

Lieutenant Sbth Ohapin, 

Commissioned as Lieutenant, July 9, 1776, in the 1st Company of 
Massachusetts Militia, under Colonel Ezra Wood and Capt Samuel 
Cragin, and also served in the Continental Line. 



888 K0TB8 ON THE SERVICES OF OFB10BB8. 

Captain John Spottswood 
Was commissioned as Captain in tbe 10th Regiment of Virginia 
February 20, 1111, and continued to serve till the Chesterfield ar- 
rangement, February 12, 1781, when he retired from service as an 
invalid. He was pensionedi by the State of Virginia, at $200 per 
annum. 

LnEUTENANT ThOMAS WiSHART 

Was a lieutenant in the 15th Virginia Regiment, served to the 
surrender of Torktown, and became supernumerary. 

Captain Wiluam Nelson 
Was C^tain of Militia January 25, 1111, September 6, 1779, and 
June 21, 1781 ; and was an active, meritorious, and patriotic officer. 

Lieutenant Richard Nowell 
Was Sergeant of Cavalry at the battles of Brandywine and Ger- 
mantown, and was under General Wayne at Stony Point. He re- 
ceived £90 lOs, 9rf. from the State of Virginia as a Sergeant of 
Cavalry, was at Morristown with the army in 1780, and promoted 
to Lieutenant of Cavalry. In 1781 he was an express rider from 
Greneral Washington to General Greene, and with Colonel Wash- 
ington's Cavalry at the battle of the Cowpens. For his gallant 
services he was promoted to Bngade-major, and served to the sur- 
render of Comwallis. On entering service he was a student at 
William and Mary College. He was presented with a sword by 
General Washington for his gallant services. He died January 17, 
1800, leaving a widow and five children. 

Captain John De Treville 
Was a French gentleman, and was Captain in the 4th South Caro- 
lina Artillery under Colonel Owen Roberts, and was taken prisoner 
at the surrender of Charlestown, May 12, 1780. He was included 
in the general exchange of prisoners June 15, 1781. 

Lieutenant Eli Parsons 
Was commissioned in 1776 as Lieutenant, in Colonel James Clin- 



N0TK8 ON THE SEBYIOBS OF OFFIOEBB. 389 

ton's New York Regiment, was subsequently made a Lieutenant in 
Colonel Crane's Artillery, and was severely wounded at the battle 
of Germantown, which disabled him from holding rank in the line. 
He was appointed Commissary of Issues in 1778, and attached 
to General Knox's Brigade until he received permission to retire, 
from General Washington, in May, 1779. Colonel Charles Stewart 
induced him to remain in service^ and take charge of a magazine 
of provisions at Wyoming for the supply of General Sullivan's ex- 
pedition against the Indians. He died September 25, 1830. 

Captain Dohiokbt Abitudbll, 

Of the Continental Artillery of Virginia, entered the service Feb- 
ruary 5, 1776, under General Lewis, as Captain of Artillery, and 
was killed in the engagement at Gwinn's Island, in the Chesapeake 
Bay, July 8, 1776, by the bursting of a mortar, while attempting 
to dislodge Lord Dunmore from the island. 

Captain Pstsr Bernard 
Served two years and two months, ending September 1, 1779, and 
then resigned. 

Major John Brbnt 
Was commissioned Captain in the Virginia Line February 26, 1776, 
and resigned as Major May 4, 1778. His commission, with his re- 
signation written on it, is among the Washington papers in the 
Department of State. 

Franois T. Brooks 
Was a Lieutenant and Deputy Quartermaster in Colonel Harrison's 
Artillery from 1781 to the close of the war. He received 6888J 
acres of hind from Virginia. 

Captain John Blair 
Was appointed Lieutenant in Colonel Harrison*s Artillery January 
18, 1777, was promoted to CapUin, and was mortally wounded at 
the battle of Camden, and died August 18, 1780. His hein r^ 
onved 4000 acres of land from Virginia. 



390* NOntS OH THB BEBYKOS OF OFTIOUHU 

Ensign William B. Bunttno 
Was commisBioDed as ensign in the 9th Virginia Regiment Febra« 
ary 14, 1776, and died in service April 1, 1777. His heirs re- 
ceived land from Virginia. 

LiSDTBNANT DaKISL BeDINOBR, 

Of the Virginia Line on Continental establishment, and entered the 
service in July, 1776, and continaed in actnal service ^ the d]»- 
mission of the army in South Carolina in 1783. 

Rev. John Cordbll 
Was appointed Chaplain of the 11th Virginia Regiment February 
16, 1777, and served to January 1, 1779, and was allowed 6006 
acres of land by the State of Virginia. 

Majoe Matthew Donoyak, 
Of the 9th Virginia Regiment, died in service in 1777. His hein 
were allowed 6898 acres of land by the State of Virginia. 

Captain Jambs Davis, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed August 7, 1776, and became 
supernumerary S^tember 30, 1778. 

Majob Edmund Dickinson, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Captain in 1776, became Ma* 
jor by promotion, and was killed at the battle of Monmouth June 
28, 1778. His heirs received 5333}- acres of land from the State 
of Virginia. 

Libutsnant Hbn&t Fibld, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant in the 8th Regi- 
ment January 26, 1776, and resigned August 8, 1776. He was al- 
lowed 2666| acres of land by the State. 

Libutenant Thomas Gordon, 

Of the Maryland I^ne, was appointed February 20, 1777, and w* 
signed July 1, 1778. 



I¥0X|» OS THS gSRYiPES OF OFWUXB$. 89]. 

SusaBON David Oould 

Wm a Suigeon of the Geu^fd Ho^iUly and senred from Septem* 
ber 8, 1777, to July 11, 1781. 

LnuTSNANT Joseph Hold, 
Of the Virginia Line, waa nppointod in the 10th Regiment Janoary 
12, 1777, Md roHgned AfA 1, 1778. He waa allowed 2664 
nei^pf land bj die Stale. 

Captain Rbitbsn Lipsooiib, 
Of the Vii^ia Line, waa appointed in the Sd Regiment November 
UBi 1776, ajid died in aenrice October 3, 1778. His heirs receiftd 
4000 acns of land from the Slate. 

Captain Thomas H. Luokktt, 
Of Colonel Rawltngs Riflemen, attached to Colonel Moigan's Vir- 
ginia Riflemen, received (500 aores of land from the Sti^ of Vir- 
ginia for a senrioe of eight years and foor months. He served to 
(he end of the war and received ^ commutation.'* 

Bbioaos-haiob Danisl Lbit 

Aeted as Qoartermaster from January 1, 1777, to October 1, 1777, 
and as Paymaster from this latter date to September 21, 1778, then 
aa Brigade-m^or for three months, (o December 21, 1778. He re- 
cieived S999^ acres of laad from the State of Virginia. 

Captain Jonathan Langdon, 

Of the Virginia Line^ was eoaimissioned as Captain in the 12th 

Regiment September 30, 1776, and resigned November 14, 1776, 

as appears among the Washington Papers in the department of 

State. 

Captain Ambrose Madison, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in the dd R^riment as Paymaster from 
February 1, 1777, to August 1, 1778, and as Captain of the Con- 
vention Guards, from January 18th to September 23, 1779, and re- 
ceived 4000 acres of land from the State. 



892 h0tr8 on thb bebviobs of offiosbs. 

Captain Joseph Micheux, 

Of the Virginia Line, served in the 14th Regiment from February 
24, 1777, and resigned December 24 of the same year. He sub- 
seqaently entered the service, and received 4000 acres of land. 

Lieut. Richard Muse, 

Of the Yn^nia Line, was appointed Lieutenant in the 15th Regi- 
ment December 22, 1776, and resigned May 14, I77i^. His hem 
received 2666f acres of land from the State. 

Captain John Morton 

Was appointed Captain of the 4th Regiment of the Yirgima Line 
February 19, 1776, and resigned March 12, 1777. He reeeivad 
4000 acres of land frx)m the State. 

Captain Richard Pendleton, 
Of the Yii^nia Line, received 4000 acres of land from the State 
on the 18th February, 1839, for three years' service. 

Surgeon Shubael Pratt, 
Of the Yirginia Line, received pay as Surgeon from March 12, 1778, 
to June 12, 1779; and on the 6th June, 1838, his heirs received 
6000 acres of land from the State for three years' service. 

Surgeqn William Rumnet, 

Of the Yirginia Line, served from March 12, 1778, to March 12, 
1780, and received 6000 acres of land. 

Captain Hebard Smallwood, 

Of the Yirginia Line, was appointed Captain in Colonel Grayson's 
Regiment March 4, 1777, and resigned October 6, 1778. He re- 
ceived 4444 acres of land from the State. 

Surgeon Charles Taylor 
Served from October 26, 1779, to May 15, 1780, in the Virginia 
Line, and on the 30th June, 1783, received 6000 acres of land from 
the State. 



sons OH THE SER V WEH OF OfFIOMM, 

Captain Bknjamin Timbkrlakb, 
Of the Virginia Line, served as Captain of the Convention Gnards 
at Charlotteville, from January 13, 1779, to October 12th of the 
same year, and received 4000 acres of land from the State. 

LnuTXKANT John Wiiaon, 

Of the Virginia Line, was commissioned Lientenant in the 4th Re- 
giment March 12, 1^177, and was killed at the battle of the Entaw 
Springs, September 8, 1781. His heirs received 2666} acres of 
land from the State. 

Ldeutenant Charles Tarborouoh, 
Appointed Lieutenant in Colonel William Washington's Virginia 
Cavalry, Oct 16, 1780, and served to the end of the war. 

LiKUTiNANT John MoEinlet, 
Of the Virginia Line. Captain Uriah Springer, of Colonel John 
Gibson's Frontier Detachment, swears that McEinlej entered the 
army early in 1776 as Sergeant in Captain Stephen Ashby's Com- 
pany of State troops, and served till December following, when he 
was commissioned as Lieutenant in the 13th Continental Regiment, 
and served till early in 1778. He joined Colonel Crawford's expe* 
dition against the Indians in 1782 and was killed. (2. 27. 1064.) 

Lieutenant Michael McDonald 

Served as a Lieutenant in the British navy. He deserted and en-^ 
tered the Continental service with the same rank, March 28, 1777, 
and served to January 1, 1781, in Putnam's and Nixon's Regiments 
as a private soldier, for fear the British would see him as an officer, 
(2. 27. 1079.) 

Adjutant Sdcon Summbbs, 
Of the Virginia Line, was appointed Lieutenant and Adjutant in 
the 6th Virginia Regiment on the 2l8t March, 1776, and was paid 
for services as such to the lOth February, 1781. His service ex- 
tended to the end of the war, and he was pensioned under act 15th 

17* 



894 warn oa the au rf wa or 



Maj, 1828, as Lieutenant, and oador aot 7th June, 1832, as Adju- 
tant 

Captain William R Qodpbbt, 

Of the Pennsylyania Line, was taken prisoner by the British and 
carried to New York, where he remained seven months. He was 
Captain in Colonel Flower's C<»ps of Artillery Artificers from July 
1, 1777, to Jan. 1, 1782, when he became supemumeiary* 

LisuTBNA^T EDinnn) Gambia 
Of the North Carolina State Cavaby, was conuniesiondd by Gov; 
Caswell, and served to the end of the war. 

Captain Augustus Willktt, 
Of the Pennsylvania lane, served in Montgomery's expedition i^nsl 
Canada in 1775, and on the 10th May, 1780, he was commissioned 
a Major in the 4th BattaHon of Pennsylvania Militia, and was made 
a Lieuienantpcolonel of the same May 1, 1783. 

Captain Samuel Jonbs, 

Of the Yii^nia line, served in the 11th Regiment as lieutenant 
from September 1, 1777, to January 1, 1780; and as Captain from 
January 1, 1780, to January 1, 1781. 

Henry E^ing, 

Of the Maryland Line, enlisted as Sergeant May 25, 1778, and 
served as such to the 20th of October of the same year. He served 
as Commissary's Clerk from October 21 to December 31, 1778, and 
as the same from this latter date to April 19, 1780 ; and as Assist- 
ant Conunissary of Issues from May 10, 1780, to Septmaber 10, 
1781, in General Smallwood's Brigade. 

LixumrANT Isaac Bowman 
Served as Lieutenant and Quartermaster in Col. George R. Clark's 
^ Dlinois" Regiment from May, 1779. He was taken prisoner and 
kept as such from November, 1779, to April, 1780, and was sold 
by the Indians to a trader named Tumbull, who carried him to 



ON THB BBvnoflB OF oFnon3. 895 

New Orleans and Cuba. He escaped, and made bis way home to 
Virginia. 

LiSUTENAKT EzRA GhAPMAN, 

Of the Oonnectiout Line, entered the service in Captain Hortcm's 
company of Colonel Baldwin's Artificers, Angast 6, 1777, and died 
in service September 1, 1778. 

Bvai«H CumBHT Sinrxix, 

Of the Mar}4and Line, entered the service in March, 1777, in Cap- 
tain Ford's Company, of the 1st Maryland Regiment. He was pro- 
moted to Ensign S^tember 12, 1777. He received a severe wound 
in the leg at the battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, which dis- 
abled him from field service for a long time. His services were re- 
cognized to the end of the war, and a pension was granted him, per 
act 15th May, 1828. 

Captain William Davsnpokt, 
Of the Virginia Line, entered the service as Lieutenant, and resign- 
ed his commission as sach in December, 1779. Brigadier-general 
Muhlenberg, under date July 24, 1783, certifies that William Dav- 
enport served upwards of three years as Lieutenant, and lastly as 
Captain, in (he Virginia Line. He reedved 4000 acres of land 
fiom the State. 

EKsioir jAMas BnoADua, 
Of the Vhfginoa Line, entered the service as a private Fabmary 1, 
1776, was prooMted to Sergeant and Ensign, and served to the sur- 
reiid^ of Comwalln at Torktown, October 19, 1781, but held his 
CGOBmiaiion to the dose of the war, subject to duty. 

Colonel John H. Stone, 
Of tfie Maryland Line, was appointed a Captain in January, 1770, 
and in December of the same year he was appointed Colonel. He 
was severely wounded at the battle of Oermantown, and by reason 
of his disability he was obliged to resij^ August 1, 17'79. He 
gli^d Oeiober 5^ 1804^ 



/ 



896 vons on thb sBsyiofBB of offiobbb. 

Captain John Davis, 
Of the Pennsylyania Line, was appointed Captain November 15, 
1776, in the 9th Pennsjlvania Regiment, and was in service aa such 
in Soath Carolina Janoarj 11, 1782. His service has been accred- 
ited to the end of the war. 

Nbhsmiah Stokxlt, 
Of the Pennsylvania line, entered the service as Captain, in the 
8th Pennsylvania Regiment, nnder Colonel Bradshaw, in 1778, and 
became sopemumerary in April, 1779. 

Captain David Noble, 
Of the Massachusetts Line, raised a company in 1775, and entered 
into the service in Colonel Patterson's Regiment, attached to G^- 
eral Sullivan's Brigade, and died in the service in July, 1776. 

Lieutenant Samuel Jones, 

Of the Virginia Line. There were two of this name, one of the 
11th and the other of the 15th Regiment The one of the 15th 
Regiment was dismissed from the service Jane 6, 1778, and restored 
by Greneral Washington on the 11th of the same month (see Wash- 
ington's orders of those days, and Report No. 12, 1st Session 34th 
Congress). 

Captain Samuel Ranson, 

Of the Pennsylvania Line, was Captain of a company raised by Con- 
gress for the defence of Westmoreland, per act August 23, 1776. 
He continued. to act in concert with the Continental army till the 
threatened invasion of Wyoming by the British and Indiana, in 
1778. He was killed in the bloody battle of Wyoming, Julj 9, 
1778. 

Colonel Wilus Reddiok, 

Of the militia of Nansemond county, Va. His house, containing 
military stores, was burnt by the British in 1779, 

Doctor Francis Le Baron Goodwin 
Was Surgeon of Colonel Henry Jackson's 9th Massachusetts Regi- 



KaiBB ON THK SESVIOBB OF 0FFICBB8. 397 

ment, and seryed from 1779 to the close of the year 1782, which 
eeryice entitled him to the benefits of the act of January 17, 1781. 

Captain William Harrison 
Was appointed in 1776 a Lieutenant in Captain £dward Veasey's 
Company, of Colonel Smallwood's Maryland Regiment Captain 
Veasy was kiUed at the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, 
when Lieutenant Harrison succeeded to the command of the com- 
pany, and died in 1777, of wounds received in serrice. 

Rsv. David Grivfith, 
Of the dd Virginia Regiment, served as Surgeon and Chaplain of 
the Regiment from February 28, 1776, to March 18, 1779, as cer- 
tified by Brigadier-general George Weedon, under date of Septem- 
ber 25, 1780. 

Captain Abraham Hits 

Served as Paymaster to the 8th Virginia Regiment from January 
1, 1779, to the reduction of Charleston, May 12, 1780, when he 
was made a prisoner. No one was appointed in his place, and his 
service is accredited to the end of the war. 

Captain Mato Carrington 
Was appointed Assistant Quartermaster-general in the Virginia 
Line December 10, 1779, and acted in that capacity till the 27th 
March, 1781, and hkewise acted as Quartermaster to General Wood- 
ford's Brigade from July 16 th to December 10, 1779. 

LlSUTENANT JamBS MoRTON 

Was appointed Quartermaster to the 4th Virginia Continental 
Regiment April 1, 1778, and so continued till January 1, 1782. 

Ensign John Spitfathom 
Was in service at the battle of Great Bridge, December 12, 1775, 
and continued in active service in the northern campaigns until De- 
cember 17, 1780, when he was made Ensign, and so continued un- 
til the arrangement of the army in 1782. 



898 A Lurr or OLAiifB AOAnrsT YiBamA. 

Captain Hshrt Bbdinobr, 

Of the Virginia Line, entered the service in June, 1775, in Cap- 
tain Hugh Stephenson's Company of Riflemen, and was appointed 
Sergeant before he left the recruiting rendezvous at Shepherdstown, 
Va. He marched with his company to the siege of Boston, and 
served till his company was discharged, in June, 1776. He was, 
July 9, 1776, made a Lieutenant in Captain Abraham Shepherd's 
Company, in Colonel Hugh Stephenson's Regiment of Riflemen. 
In August, 1776, Colonel Stephenson died, and Colonel Moees 
Rawlings assumed the command of the regiment Captain Bedin- 
ger was with his regiment at the defence of Fort Washington, No- 
vember 16, 1776. He was there captured and detained a prisoner 
of war ** four years wanting sixteen days." His service is accredited 
to the end of the war, and he received a pension in Bei^eley county, 
Va., under act May 15, 1828, as a captain, to which he had been 
promoted while a prisoner. 



A List or Claims BRouaBT AOAmsr thb Statb or Virozhia bt 

OmOSRS OF HBR LuTB OK CoVTIirXNTAL EsTABUBHllBirT. 

Lieutenant-coloneU, 
ThomM Poeey, for pay from September 11, 1782, to Maroh 10, 1788, and 

of snbeiBtenoe from January 1, 1782, to Maroh 10, 1788. 
Samuel Cabell, olaim referred to John Pierce, Poetmaster-general. 
John Webb, for depreciation of his pay, and hia aoeoont for commntatioo. 
Oliver Towlea, for pay and commntiOion. 

Meters. 
Samuel Finley, claim for pay in 177§, 1782, and 178S. 
William Taylor, deranged in 1781, olaim for commutation. 
Joseph Crocket, daim for twelve months* pay as a supemumeraiy Oqytain. 
William Groghaa, sundry accounts. 

Captaini. 
Abraham Kilpatrick, old money account. 
Cloagh Skelton, recruiting account 
Francis Minnis, for pay in 1788. 
Erasmus Gill, ration aooonnt. 

John Moantjoy, twelve months* pay as supemnmenuy* 
James Williams, subsistence account. 



▲ LIST OF CXAWS AGAINBT TIBOmA. 



399 



Nttthui Beid, subsistence soooont. 
Btrother Jones, aoooont for oommatation. 
John B. Johnson, aoooont for pay, Ao. 
Presley Nevill, do. do. 

liOwis Thomas, for pay and sabaistenee in 1768. 
John Fitzgerald, do. do. in 1788. 

Simon Moigan, aoooani fbr pay, Ac 

Lieutenants. 
William Brownlee, for commutation. 
Charles Jones, aooount as Paymaster up to 178S 
Ifioholas Taliaferro, reomitini^ aooooBt 
William Triplett, ibr oommntation. 
John Gordon, for pay in 1782 and 1788. 
William Patterson, for sundry expenses. 
Christopher Qreenup, recruiting account. 

Charles Erakine, ibr pay in 178S and 1788 aa liaotanant of Diagoooa. 
William Stevenson, for pay in 1782 and 1788 as lieutenant of Artilleiy. 
Albion Throckmorton, for pay in 1788 as Comet in Lee^s Legion. 
James Wallace, for pay in 1782, and commutation. 
Qeoige Bbkemore, for expenses as Lieutenant. 



James Bedfbrd, Sergeant, recruiting 

account. 
William Dinsmore, ibr pay as private 

in 1782 and 1788. 
A. McMahan, for pay as Sergeant of 

Dragoons. 
John Bogers, ibr pay aa private in 

1782 and 1788. 
James Bowser, for pay as private in 

1782 and 1788. 
Biaa Honey, pay as Matross in 1782 

and 1788. 
Henry Craddock, balance due as Ser- 
geant. 
George GiUaspie, pay as Musician. 
Daniel Wilkinson, pay as private. 
Bobert Brown, do. do. 
Lewis Peyton, do. do. 
James Brook, do. do. 

Samuel Horton, pay as Dragoon. 
Joseph €k>oker, pay as Matross. 
Spencer Cooper, do. do. 
Thomas Smith, pay as Dmm-mijor. 
Nicholas Neil, pay as Sergeant 
John Ayres, pay as private. 



Zadoc Bobertson, pay as Matron. 
Martin WhitscU, do. do. 

Jacob Shoemaker, do. do. 

Daniel Carn, do. do. 

James Dixon, pay as Dragoon. 
Charles Neal, do. do. 

William Smothers, pay as Matross. 
George Moxley, pay as Corporal of 

Dragoons. 
Joseph Timberlake, pay as private of 

guards. 
Nathan Fortune, pi^ as Dragoon. 
Jacob Gore, pay as Serg. of Dragoons. 
John Plodd, pay as Dragoon. 
Adam Andrew, do. do. 

John Demoea, pay as private. 
John Beaaoner, do. do. 

John Trotler, do. do. 

John McDowell, do. do. 

Alexander Scott, pay as Matross. 
Elisha Diokerson, pay aa Dragoon in 

1782. 
William Wood, pay as Corporal of 

Artillery. 



PROMISES AND CONTRACTS 

OF THE CONTINENTAL CONGBESS WITH THE 0FFICEB8 OF THE 
BEVOLUTIONABY ARMY. 

4>» 



Ih Congbbs, Aagast 14, 1776. 
Whereas it has been the wise policy of these States to extend the 
protection of their laws to all those who should settle among them, 
of whatever nation or religion they might be, and to admit them to 
a participation of the benefits of civil and religions freedom ; and 
the benevolence of this practice, as well as its salutary effects, have 
rendered it worthy of being continued in future times : and where- 
as his Britannic majesty, in order to destroy our freedom and hap- 
piness, has commenced against us a cruel and unprovoked war ; and 
unable to engage Britons sufficient to execute his sanguinary meas- 
ures, has applied for aid to foreign princes, who are in the habit of 
selling the blood of their people for money, and from them has pro- 
cured and transported hither considerable numbers of foreigners. 
And it is conceived that such foreigners, if apprised of the practice 
of these States, would choose to accept of lands, liberty, safety, and 
a communion of good laws and mild government, in a country 
where many of their friends and relations are already happily set- 
tled, rather than continue exposed to the toils and dangers of a long 
and bloody war, waged against a people guilty of no other crime 
than that of refusing to exchange freedom for slavery ; and that 
they will do this the more especially, when they reflect that after 
they have violated every Christian and moral precept, by invading 
and attempting to destroy those who have never injured them or 
their country, their only reward, if they escape death and captivity, 
will be a return to the despotism of their prince, to be by him again 
sold to do the drudgery of some other enemy to the rights of man- 
kind. And whereas the parliament of Great Britain have thought 
fit, by a late act, not only to invite our troops to desert our service, 



PROMISES AND OONTRAOTS OF CONORB88. 401 

but to direct a compulsioD of our people, taken at sea, to senre 
against their country : 

Resolved^ therefore^ That these States will receive all such foreign- 
ers who shall leave the armies of his Britannic majesty in America, 
and shall choose to become members of any of these States, and 
they shall be protected in the free exercise of their respective reli- 
gions, and be invested with the rights, privil^es, and immunities 
of natives, as established by the laws of these States, and moreover, 
that this Congress will provide for every such person fifty acres of 
unappropriated lands, in some of these States, to be held by him 
and his heirs in absolute property. 

Congress proceeding to take into further consideration the expe- 
diency of inviting, from the service of his Britannic majesty, such 
foreigners as are engaged therein, and expecting that among the 
officers having conmiand in the said foreign corps there may be 
many of liberal minds, possessing just sentiments of the rights of 
human nature, and of the inestimable value of freedom, who may 
be prompted to renounce so dishonorable a service by the feelings 
of humanity, and a just indignation at the office to which they are 
devoted by an in&mous contract between two arbitrary sovereigns, 
and at the insults offered them, by compelling them to wage war 
Against an innocent people who never offended them, nor the nation 
to which they belong, but are only contending for their just rights; 
and willing to tender to them also, as they had before done to the 
soldiers of their corps, a participation of the blessings of peace, lib- 
erty, property, and mild government : 

Bewlved, That this Congress will give to all such of the said 
foreign officers as shall leave the armies of his Britannic majesty in 
America, and choose to become citizens of these States, unappro- 
priated lands, in the following quantities and proportions, to them 
and their heirs in absolute dominion : to a colonel, 1000 acres ; to 
a lieutenant-colonel, 800 acres ; to a major, 600 acres ; to a cap- 
tain, 400 acres ; to a lieutenant, 300 acres ; to an ensign, 200 acres; 
to every non-commissioned officer, 100 acres ; and to every other 
officer or person employed in the said foreign corps, and whose office 
or employment is not here specially named, in the like proportion 



402 PBOmBBB AND OOVTBAOTB 09 OOKOBBSS. 

to their rank or pay in the said corps ; and moreover, that where 
any officers shall bring with them a number of said foreign sol- 
diers, this Ck)ngre6S, besides the lands before promised to the said 
offioefs and soldiers, will give to such officers further rewank, 
proportioned to the number they shall bdng over, and sniU^ to the 
nature of their wants: provided that such foreign nifi.-ua-s or sol- 
diers shall oome over from the armies of his Liiititmic migesty 
belbro theee offers shall be ncatted. 

Iv CeaeBBM^ September 16« lV7€u 
Besolvedj That, in addition to a m<mey b(mDty of twenty doUaa 
to each non-oommissioned officer and private ac^ier, Congress make 
provision for granting lands, in tiie following pix^)ortioBs, to the 
officers and soldiers who shall engage in the service, and oonttnne 
th^iein to the close of the war, or until dischaiged by CongrsM, 
and to the r^resentatives of such (Mc&n and soldiers as shall be 
dain l^ the enemy. Such landa to be provided by the United States^ 
and whatever expense diall be necessary to procare such land; the 
said expense shall be paid and borne by the States, in the same 
proportion as the other expenses of the war, via. : to a colonel, 600 
acres ; to a lieutenant-colonel, 450 acres ; to a major, 400 acres ; to 
a captain, 300 acres ; to a lieutenant, 200 acres ; to an ensign, 150 
acres ; each non-oommissioned officer and soldier, 100 acres. 

In Covgebm, May 16, 1778. 
Betolvedj unafdnumsly, That all military officers, commisBioBed 
by Congress, who now are, or hereafter may be, in the serviee at 
these United States, and shall continue therein during the war, and 
not hold any office of profit under these States, or any of them, shall, 
after the conclusion of the war, be entitled to receive annually, for 
the term of seven years, if they live so long, one-half of the present 
pay of such officers : Provided^ That no general officer of the cav- 
alry, artillery, or in&ntry, shall be entitled to receive more than the 
one-half part of the pay of a colonel of such corps respectively : 
And provided. That this resolution shall not extend to any officer 
in the service of the United States, unless he shall have taken an 



AHD OOSnAOlB OF OOBPeBBBa 408 

oftA of aliegianee to, and shall actually reside within, some one <^ 
the United States. 

Betolifed^ unanknauily. That ererj non-commissioned military 
o£9oer and soldier who hath enlisted, or shall enlist, into the service 
of these States for and daring the war, and shall continue therein 
to the end thereof shall he entitled to receive the further reward of 
•ighty dollars at the eziNTation of the war* ^ 

Ih OoMOBaBB, Novemher 24> 1V78. 
Whereas, from the alteration of the estahlishment, and other 
causes, many yaluahle offieen have been, and may be, omitted in 
the iMw anrnngeBMOit as being enptraumerary, who, from ^mt con- 
duct and services, Me eslitled to tbe iioiotable notioe of Ooi^rees, 
aud to a auitable pro^aioBf until they can return to civil life with 
advantage : JU$dv§dj ihiyfort^ That Oongress gcatefuUy acknowl-t 
edge the faithful servioes of such <^9oers, and that all superaumer^ 
aiy affioers be entitled to one year's pay of their commissions re« 
spectively, to be computed from tlie time such officers had leave of 
absence from the Commander-in-Chief on this account ; and Con- 
gress do earnestly recommend to the several States to which such 
i^ken belong, to make such further provision for them as their 
fespei^e drcumstaiiQee and merit may entitle them ta 

Lr CoHOBW, May 2^ \n*t9. 
Suoliftd, That all Continental officers who are or may be ex* 
diaoged, and not continued in the service, be, after such exchange, 
eonsidered as supernumerary officers, and entitled to the pay pro* 
vided by the resolution of Congress of the 24th <^ November hst 

J» CoNMBM^ August 24, 1780. 
Resolved^ That the resolution of May 16, 1778, granting seven 
years' half-pay to the officers of the army who should continue in 
the service to the end of the war, be extended to the widows of 
those (dicers who have died, or shall hereafter die, in the service ; 
to eommenee fh>m the time of such officer's death, and continue fer 
tbe term of seven years ; or if there be no widow, or, iu case oi 



404 PBOMI8S8 AND OONTKAOT8 OF OONOXEn. 

her death or intermarriage, the said half-pay be given to the orphan 
children of the ofScer dying as aforesaid, if he shall have left any ; 
and that it be recommended to the legislatures of the respective 
States, to which such ofScers belong, to make provision for paying 
the same on account of the United States; that the restricting 
clause in the resolution of May 15, 1778, granting half-pay to the 
officers for seven years, expressed in these words, ''and not hold any 
office of profit under these States, or any of them,'' be, and the 
same is hereby, repealed. 

Lr Ck>ifOBXM, October S, 178a 
Whereas, by the forgoing arrangement (reform of iht airmy^ to 
take effect January 1, 1781), many deserving officers must become 
supernumerary, and it is proper that regard be had to them : Re^ 
solved. That, from the time the reform of the army takes place, 
they be entitled to half-pay for seven years in specie, or other cur- 
rent money equivalent, and also grants of lands at the dose of the 
war, agreeably to the resolution of September 16, 1776. 

Lv CkweiBBS, October 21, 178a 

JResolvedj That the Commander-in-Chie^ and commanding officer 
in the Southern department, direct the officers of each State to 
meet and agree upon the officers for the regiments to be raised by 
their respective States, from those who incline to continue in U^ 
service, and where it cannot be done by agreement, to be deter- 
mined by seniority, and make return of those who are to remain ; 
which is to be transmitted to Congress, t<^ther with the names of 
the officers reduced, who are to be allowed half-pay for life. 

Resolved^ That the officers who shall continue in the service to 
the end of the war shall also be entitled to half-pay during life, to 
commence from the time of their reduction. 

In Congrbss, November 28, 1780. 
Eesolved^ That the said half-pay for life be extended to all Ma|or^ 
generals and Brigadier-generals who shall continue in service to the 
end of the war. 



AND (X»rrBA(TI8 OF OOBTOBm. 406 

lU^oihed^ That ihe reeolution of October 21 was so meant and 
intended. 

In OmoBns, January 17, 1*781. 

.Resolved, That all officers in the hospital department and medi- 
cal stafi^ hereinafter mentioned, who shall continue in service to the 
end of the war, or be reduced before that time, as supernumeraries, 
shall be entitled to, and receive, during life, in lieu of half-pay, the 
following allowance, viz. : The director of the hospital equal to the 
half-pay of a Ueutenant-colonel. 

Chief physicians and surgeons of the army and hospitals, and hos- 
pital physicians and surgeons, purveyor, apothecary, and regimental 
surgeons, each equal to the half-pay of a Captain. 

Ill OoNouBBB, May 8, 178L 
Besclved, That every chaplwn, deemed and certified to the Board 
of War to be supernumerary, be no longer continued in service, 
and be entitled to have their depreciation made good, and to the 
half-pay of Captains for life. 

Ill CoHoaaM, May 26, 1781. 
JUtolvedy That the officers of the Flying-Camp, lately returned 
from captivity, be allowed depreciation by their respective States in 
the same manner as officers in the line of such States : That in set- 
tling the accounts of officers returned from captivity, and who are 
entitled to the benefit of the resolutions of November 24, 1780, and 
May 22, 1 779, the auditors allow the year's pay mentioned in said 
resolutions in bills of the new emission. 

In Conoubbb, Deoember 81, 1781. 

lUsolved^ That all officers of the line of the army below the 
rank of Brigadier-general, who do not belong to the line of any par- 
ticular State, or separate corps of the army, and are entitled by acts 
of Congress to pay and subsistence, shall have the same, with the 
depreciation of their pay made good to January 1, 1782. 

Betolved, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby direct- 
ed to make returns to Congress, on or before the 20th day of Jann- 



406 WOMMM Amy OOSTICiCTTS OF 



tfy, 178f , of the names and I'anic of all tke offioeiB b^c^esaly be 
retained in service, that are included in the preceding resolutioBb 

Resolved^ That all officers included in the fbr^^ing description, 
and whose names shall not be inserted in the returns directed to be 
made by the preceding resolution, shall be conaidered as retiring 
from service January 1, 1782 ; provided always, that nothing con- 
tained in these resolutiona shall be construed so as to prevent Gt 
hinder any officer that aliall retire as aforesaid from enjoying all the 
emoluments that he may, upon retiring, be entitled to by any foi^ 
mer acts of Congress. 

Lv GovGBBBS, Msrdi 28, 178S. 

Whereas, the officers of the several lines under the immediate 
command of his EzceUency, Oenerai Washington, did, by their late 
memorial, transmitted by their committee, represent to Congress 
that the half^y granted by sundry resdutions was rcfgarded in an 
un&vorable light by the citizens of some of these States, who would 
prefer a compensation for a limited term of years, or by a sum in 
gross, to an establishment for life ; and did, on that account, wcAkaX 
a commutation of their half-pay for an equivalent, in one of the two 
modes above mentioned, in order to remo7e all subject of diwatisfac- 
tion from the minds of their fellow-dtieens : and whereas, Congress 
are denrous, as well of gratifying the reasonable expectations of the 
officers of the army, as of removing all objections which ma3^exis^ 
in any part of the United States to the principle of the half-pay es- 
tablishment, for which the futh of the United States hath been 
pledged ; persuaded thiit these objections can only arise from the 
nature of the compensation, not from any indisposition to compen- 
sate those whose services, sacrifices, and sufferings have so just a 
title to the approbation and rewards of their country. Therefore, 

Hesolved, That such officers as are now in service, and shall ooa- 
tinue therein to the end of the war, shall be entitled to receive the 
amount of five years' fiill pay in money, or securities on interest at 
six per cent per annum, as Congress shall find most convenient, in- 
stead of the half-pay promised for life by the resolution of October 
fit, 1780 ; the said securities to be such as shall be given to oHm 



AHD OOdfTBAOTS OF OO HUJMUl . 407 



canedfton of the TTnited States: Providfd, It be at the option of the 
lines of the re^etive States, and not of officers individoally in 
those lines, to accept or refuse the same: And provided^ aho, 
That their election shall be ngnified to Oongress throngh the Oom- 
maader-in-Chie^ from lines nnder his immediate command, within 
two months, and throog^ the commanding officer of the Southern 
armj from those under his command^ within six months from ^e 
date of this resolution : That the same commutation shall extend 
to the corps not belonging to the lines of any particular States, and 
who are entitled to half-pay for life as aforesaid ; the acoeptsnce or 
Tefrisal to be determined by corps, and to be signified in the same 
manner, and within the same time, as above mentioned : Hiat all 
officers belonging to the hospital department, who are entitled to 
iialf-pay by the resohidoQ of Jannacry lly llBlj may cdlectirely 
«gree to accept or refrise tiie aforesaid oommntatiefn, signifying the 
same, through the Commander-in-Chie( within six months from 
this time : That such officers as have retired at different periods, 
entitled to half-pay for life, may collectively, in each State of which 
they are inhabitants, accept or refuse the same ; their acceptance 
eir refusal to be signified by agents authorized for that purpose, 
widUn six months from this period : That with respect to such re^ 
tiiii^ offices, the commutation, if accepted by them, ^all be in 
lieu of whatever may be now due to them since the time of their 
Ntiring from service, as well as of what might hereafter become 
doe ; and that, so soon as their acceptance shall be signified, the 
Sttp^ntendent of Finance be, and he is hereby directed to take 
measures for the settlement of their accounts accordingly, and to 
issue to them certificates bearing interest at six per cent : That all 
officers entitled to half-pay fbr Hfo, not included in the preceding 
lesohition, may also colleotively agree to accept or refuse the afore- 
said commutation, signifying the same within six months from this 
time. 

In CoNGBxaa, liay 16, 1788. 

Be^ohedf That the commutation in lieu of half pay, as well to 
ehapkiBs as to the officers of the hospital departments and medical 



408 PBOMIBES AND GONTBAOTB OF OOHOBIBB. 

Biaff, shall be caloalaied by what they are respectively entitled to 
agreeably to the resolutions of the 17th Jan. and 8th May, 1781. 

Iir CoNOBOB, JanuAry 26, 17S4b 
jResolved, That half-pay cannot be allowed to any officer, or to 
any class or denomination of officers, to whom it has not heretofore 
been expressly promised. 

I Iv OoMCttESB, February 11, 1784. 

Remjlvtd, That Congress agree to the following Report : 
^ That, by a resolve of November 24, 1778, it was provvied that 
all deranged officers should be entitled to one year's pay ; and it 
was further provided, that (^cers who had been prisoners with the 
enemy, and then were, or thereafter might be exchanged, should, 
if appointed by authority of the State, be entitled to return into the 
service in the same rank they would have had if they had not been 
captured, under certain restrictions, and that they should receive 
half-pay till the time of their entering again into the service. Un- 
der this act^ certain officers claim half-pay to the end of the war, 
and the commutation for half-pay from that period during life ; on 
which the committee observe, that the half-pay first mentioned was 
promised as a temporary support to such officers as should be re- 
appointed by their respective States, and to none besides ; and that 
all other Continental officers who have been prisoners with the en- 
emy and deranged, are entitled to one yearns pay, and nothing be- 
sides. That such was the intention of Congress is explained by the 
subsequent acts of May 22, 1779, and May 26, 1781. There is no 
act under which those officers can claim the commutation for half- 
pay. It is provided by a resolve of June 28, 1782, that Hherc 
shall be such additional pay and emoluments to the pay of Captains 
and subalterns serving as Aides-de-Camp to Major and Brigadier 
Generals, and to Brigade-majors, as shall make their pay and emol- 
uments equal to the pay and emoluments of a Major in the line of 
the army.' Under these resolutions certain Aides and Brigade-majors, 
who are Captains or subalterns in the line, claim commutation 
equal to that of a Major in the line. This claim appears for sundry 



PBOMISBB Aim OONTRAOTB OF OONGBESS. 409 

reasons to be ill-foanded. The offices which these gentlemen held 
out of the line were temporary, and the additional pay and emolu- 
ments were certainly promised to them while they continued to 
serve in those offices, and no longer. If they are supposed to found 
their claim to the commutation of a Major, under the head of ad- 
ditional emoluments, their claim must be ill-founded, for it is clear, 
from the terms of the resolution, that pay and emoluments do not 
signify the same thing, but the commutation is the substitute for 
pay alone, or half-pay, and not for rations, nor any other emolument 
On the whole, the Committee are of opinion that the Paymaster- 
general, in settling the accounts of the army, in all claims which 
may be brought for half-pay or commutation, should be determined 
by the Act of the 26th January, 1784.'' 

In Oonobbbs, June 8, 1784. 
Eesdved, That an interest of six per cent per annum be allowed 
to all creditors of the United States for supplies furnished or services 
done, from the time the payment becomes due. 

Lf CoHosns, March 8, 1785. 
Sesolvedy That the officers who retired under the resolve of De- 
cember 81, 1781, are equally entitled to the half-pay or commuta- 
tion with those officers who retired under the resolves of the 8d 
and 21st October, 1780. 

In Congrbss^ August 11, 1700. 
And be it further enacted^ That Caleb Brewster, lately a lieuten- 
ant, who was wounded and disabled in the service of the United 
States, be allowed three hundred and forty-eight dollars and fifty- 
seven cents, the amount of his necessary expenses for sustenance 
and medical assistance, while dangerously ill of his wounds, inclu- 
ding the interest to the 1st of July, 1790. And that the said 
Brewster be allowed a pension, equal to his half-pay as Lieutenant, 
from the 3d of November, 1783, he first having returned his com- 
mutation of half-pay. 

18 . 



410 



omnxmm simrLED to half-fat. 



A List of Offiokrs of the Continkftal Army of thb RxYour- 
noN, who wbbs eitber kiixed is service, beoame supebntj^ 

MERART, OR SERYED TO THE END OF THE WAR, AND ACQIIXRED THE 
RIGHT TO HALF-PAT, COMMUTATION, AND BOUNTY LAND UNDEB THE 

PRECEDING Acts of CoNGRSSa 



-Allmi, Etbao, Oolcniel, N. B. 
Angell, lumel, do. B. I. 
Adams, Peter, Lieat. C<^., Md. 
Anderson, Bichard C, Lt. Ck>l., Va. 
ArmatroDgy Jamas, Colonel, N. C. 
AnnatroDg, Jobn, Lieat. Cok, H. G. 
--JUlen, Ichabod, Ck>l., Mass. Kmed 

hy the Indians at Cherry Vallej, 

Nov. 11, 1778. 
Adana, Winbom, lient. Col., N. H. 

Died Sept 1», 1777. 
Allen, David, Surgeon's Mate, N. H. 
Addriok, Qeorge, Captain, do. 
Adams, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Adams, Samuel, do. do. 

Ashley, Moses, M^jor, Mass. 

Allen, Noah, do. do. 

Allen, Nathaniel C, Captain, do. 
> Abbott, Stephea, do. da 

Ames, Jotham, Lietttanant, do. 
Andrews, William, do. do. 

Aostin, John, do. do. 

Adams, Henry, Sorgeon, do. 
Adams, Samnel, do. do» 

Adams, Levi, Ensign, do* 

Abbott, Josiah,. do. do. 

Allen, Jacob, Captain, Mass. Died 

Sept. 19, 1777. 
Andrews, Joseph, Lieatenant, Maaa. 

Died Sept 11, 1780. 
Arnold, Noyes, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Died A«g. Sa, 1778. 
Andrews, Joseph, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Died Dec. 1, 1777. 
Arnold, Thomas, Captain, B. I. 
Allen, William, do. do. 
Allen, Timothy, dow Conn. 
Adama, David, Snjigeon, do. - . 



Andeiaon, ThouMs, Lieut., Cona. 
Avery, Simeon, dok dow 

Allen, Bobert, do. do. 

AJden, Jadah, Captain, Coaii, Ditd 

Aug. 81, 1777. 
Aonon, Aaroa, d^tm, 1^. T. 
Adams, Jonas, Lwatenant, da 
Anspaek, Peter, do. do. 
Appleton, Abraham, do. N. J. 
Anderson, James, da do^ 
AndMBon, William, do. do. 
Anderson, Joseph J., Captain, N. J, 
Anderson, Ephraim, A^jotant, do. 
Adams, WilKara, Sovgeon, Penn. 
ABisoo, Bi^Murd, Mate, do. 
Armstrong, John, Major, da 
Alexander, Wiffiam, do. do. 
Armstrong, James, da do. 
Armstrong, John, ImoL, da 
- Ashton, Joseph, do. do. 
Allison, Bobert, do. do. 
Anderson, Thomas, da Delaware. 
Adams, William, do. Maryland. 
Anderson, Biohard, Captain, do. 
Anderson, John, Captain, Viiginia. 
Allen David, Tjentenant, da 
Archer, Peter F., da do. 

Archer, Biefaaid, da do. 

Ashby, Be»jarain, da do. 

Armstrong, Wm., Captain, N. Oar. 
Armstrong, Thomas, do. do. 
Ashe, Samuel, da do. 

Akxander, Wmw, Lieut., do. 
AlesEander, Nafth'l, Sorg. Mate, 3. C. 
Axon, Samoel J., do. da 

Allison, I^nry, Lient, Oeorgia. 
Ashe, John B., Lieatenant-odonel, 

North Carolina. 



QBVI0XB8 ENTITLKD TO HAL9-PAT. 



411 



▲cUmt, KathaD, Captun, Delaware. 

Died March 27, 1776. 
AnderBOD, , Migor, Maryland. 

Killed at Guilford CoartrHoaae, 

March 15, 1781. 
Armstrong, Mark, Capt., Mu^laod. 

Killed at the siege of ** Ninety- 
Six," June 18, 1781. 
Arondell Dohickey, Captain, Yiiginia. 

Killed July 8, 1776. 
Avebing, Pbillippe, Lieut Dragoons, 

Pennsylvania. 

Baron De Kalb, Mig. Gen. Killed at 
the batde of Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 

Banner, Budolph, CoL, Penn. Killed 
at Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 

Biyles, Thomas L., Mi^or, Peniiayl- 
vania. Died Feb. 1, 1779. 

Bosh, John, Lieut., South Carolina. 
Killed at the siege of Savannah, 
Oct. », 1779. 

Barron, John, Lieut., Mass. Killed 
at Concord, April 19, 1775. 

BeaUy, Wm., Captain, Md. Killed 
at Hobkirk's Hill, April 24, 1781. 

Beall, Zaohariah, Captain, N. Hamp- 
shire. Died Oct. 27, 1777. 

Bell, Frederick M., Captain, New 
Hampshire. Died Oct. 8, 1777. 

Bryant, David, Captain, Massaoha- 
settB. Died Sept. 11, 1777. 

Bond, William, Colonel, Massachu- 
setts. Died Aug. 81, 1776. 

Bragdon, Josiah, Lieut, Massachu- 
setts. Died April 80, 1778. 

Brown, Stephen, Capt, Connecticut 
Died Nov. 16, 1777. 

Barber, David, Lieut., Connecticut, 
Died Dec 25, 1777. 
- Baker, Francis, Colonel, New Jersey. 
Died Jan. 6, 1788. 

Barron, William, Lieut, Virginia. 
Died March 26, 1778. 

Blair, John, Lieut, Va. Died Aug. 
18, 1780. 



Banting, William B., IJ«at,ViTgiiiia. 

Died AprU 1, 1777. 
Bell, Wm. M., Capt, N. Hampshire. 
Bi^ley, Monntjoy, Capt, Maryland. 
Brownaon, Gideon, Mi^, N. H. 
Blodget, Caleb, Lieutenant, do. 
Blanchard, James, do. do. 
Beach, Samoel, do. do. 
Blake, Thomas, do. do. 
Butterfield, Jonas, do. do. 
Blaokwell, Thomas, Captain, Va. 
Brooke, Edmund, Lieut, do. 
Boynton, Joseph, do. N. H. 
Bacon, Oliver, do. do. 

Barrett, Oliver, do. dow 
Bamett, James, do. Virginia. 
Bigelow, Timothy, Colonel, Mass. 
Baldwin, Jeduthan, do. do. 
Bailey, John, do. do. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, do. do. 
Baasett, Beraohiah, do. do. 
Brooks, John, do. do. 

Baird, Absalom, Surgeon, Penn. 
Baylisi, Hodijah, Miyor, Masa. 
Ballard, William H., do. do. 
Bumham, John, do. do. 
Bradford, William, do. B. Island. 
Barton, William, Colonel, do. 
Buxton, James, Captain, Mass. 
Bannister, Seth, do. do. 
Borbeck, Henry, do. do. 
Bowman, Phinehas, do. do. 
Blanchard, John, do. do. 
Benson, Joshua, do. do. 
Bailey, Adams, do. do. 

Bailey, Luther, do. do. 

Bradford, Robert, do. do. 
Burley, William, do. do. 
Bates, Joseph, do. do. 

Bogart, NichoUs N., Sur. Mate, B. I 
Butler, Zebulon, Colonel, Conn. 
Bradley, Philip B., do. do. 
Ballard, Aj«a, Lieutenant, Mass. 
Boloom, Joseph, do. do. 
Brown, Kbenezer, do. do. 
Bancroft, James, do. do. 



412 



OVFIGEB8 ENTni«ED TO HALF-PAT. 



Brown, Eaekiel, Sorgeon, Mass. 

Bftitlett, DftDiel, do. do. 

BallentiDe, Eben., Sar. Mate, do. 

Brighmm Origen, do. do. 

BiHs, Jabes, lieatenant, do. 

Benjamin, Samuel, do. do. 

Bailey, Thomas, do. do. 

Boflsey, Isaiah, do. do. 

Bnffington, Samuel, do. do. 

BltSH, Joseph, do. do. 

Bowles, Balph H., do. do. 

Bariow, Joel, Chaplain, do. 

Baruet, John, do. do. 

Blake, Edward, Lieutenant, do. 

Bowman, Samuel, do. do. 

Bradley, Ixjvi, do. do. 

Brown, Zephaniah, Captain, B. L 

Burlingame, Chandler, Lieut., do. 

Bugbee, Edward, do. do. 

Bushnell, David, Captain, Conn. 

BettB, Stephen, do. do. 

Bulkley, Edward, do. do. 

Buel, John H., do. do. 

Benton, Selah, do. do. 

Bernard, John, do. do. 

Bates, David, do. do. 

Baldwin, Caleb, do. do. 

Billings, Stephen, do. do. 

Baldwin, Abraham, ChapPn, do. 

Branson, Isaac, Surg. Mate, do. 

Beekman, Jerrick, Captain, N.York. 

Bowman, Nathaniel, Major, N. J. 

Bnll, Aaron, Lieutenant, Conn. 

Bennet, James, do. do. 

Beach, David, do. do. 

Bradley, Daniel, do. do. 

Bergamiu, Aaron, do. do. 

Beers, Nathan, do. do. 

Belding, Simeon, do. do. 

Beaumont, William, do. do. 

Barn am, Eli, do. do. 

Ball, John, do. do. 

Brooks, David, Asst. Clothier-gen- 
eral, New York. 

Barrall, Jona., Dep. P. M. Gen., New 
YOTk. 



Burr, Aaron, Lieut C<douel, N. T. 
Bruin, Jacobns, do. do. 

Banman, Sebastian, Mi^or, do. 
Bless, Theodore T., Captain, do. 
Bevier, Philip D., do. do. 
Blecker, Leonard, do. do. 
Bull, William, do. do. 

Browne, Joseph, Su/geon, Penn. 
Bard, John, Captain, Georgia. 
BaiT, John, Ensign, New York. 
Bradford, James, Lieut., do. 
Burnett, Robert, do. do. 
Brewster, Caleb, do. do. 
Brewster, James, do. do. 
Bagley, Josiah, do. do. 

Bowen, Prentice, do. do. 
Barret, James, do. do. 

Brindley, Francis, do. do. 

Belknap, William, do. do. 
Barber, William, Major, N. Jersey. 
Burrows, John, do. do. 

Bunnell, James, CapUun, do. 
Barton, William, do. do. 
Ballard, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Burnett, Wm., Surgeon, do. 
Bumel, Wm., do. do. 

Blair, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Borrows, Eden, do. do. 

Bonham, Absalom, do. do. 

Buck, Joseph, do. do. 

Bishop, John, Ensign, do. 

Broolu, Almarin, do. do. 

Brodhead, Daniel, Colonel, Penn. 
Botler, Bichard, do. do. 

BuUer, William, Ueut. Col., do. 
Bayard, Stephen, do. do. 
Beatty, Beading, Surgeon, do. 
Binney, Barnabas, do. do. 
Bark, Edmand, Captain, do. 
Bartholomew, Benj., do. do. 
Butler, Thomas, do. do. 

Banner, Jacob, do. do. 

Bush, John, do. do. 

Bowen, Thomas B., do. do. 

Boudo, Thomas, do. do. 
Bicker, Henry, do. do. 



OFFIOEBS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



413 



Brady, Satnnel, Captain, Penn. 

Bankson, John, do. do. 

Boweo, Jacob, do. do. 

Bosh, George, do. do. 

Bryoe, John, do. do. 

Boyer, Peter, do. do. 

Bond, Tbomaa, Jr., Surgeon, do. 
Bennet, Caleb P., Lieat., Delaware. 
Bryson, Samuel, do. Penn. 

Bntler, Edtrard, do. do. 

Beatty, Eaknries, do. do. 

BaU, BlaokaU W., do. do. 

Batler, Peroival, do. do. 

Blaaer, George, do. do. 

Bevins, Wilder, do. do. 

Barclay, .Tohn, do. do. 

Boyd, John, do. do. 

Benstead, Alez., do. do. 
Beall, William L., Mi^or, Maryland. 

Brown, William, do. do. 

Brook«, Benjamin, do. do. 

Belt, John Sprigg, Captain, do. 

Brioe, Jacob, do. do. 

Braff, James, do. do. 

Benson, Perry, do. do. 

Beall, Doyd, do. do. 

Boyer, Michael, do. do. 

Baltzell, Charles, do. do. 

Brace, William, do. do. 
Bonhara, Malaohi, Lieut. do. 

Buiigess, Hazel, do. do. 

Britton, Joseph, do. do. 

Burgess, Joshua, do. do. 
Beal Samuel, do. do. 

Boyd, Thomas, do. do. 

Baqnes, James, do. do. 
Beatty, Thomas, do. do. 
Baldwin, Henry, do. do. 
Baker, Henry, do. do. 

Brevitt, John, do. do. 

Baylor, George, Colonel, Virginia. 
Bufibrd, Abraham, do. do. 

BaU, Burgess, Lieut. Col., do. 
Brain, Peter B., Major, do. 

Belfield, John, do. do. 

Bedinger, Henry, Captain, do. 



Biggs, Benjamin, Caption, Virginia* 

Breckenridge, Alez., do. do* 

Butler, Lawrence, do. do. 

Beale, Bobert, do. do* 

Boyer, Michael, do. do. 

Breckenridge, Bobt. do. do^ 

Blackwell, Joseph, do. do. 

Bell, Thomas, do. do. 

Barrett, William, do. Virginim« 

Burwell, Nathaniel, do. do^ 

Bowne, Thomas, do. do(. 

Barbee, Thomas, do* dOi 

Booker, Samuel, do. do* 

Blackwell, John, do. do. 

Bentley, William, do. doi 

Bnckner, Thomas, do. do. . 

Bowyer, Thomas, do. do. 
Baldwin, Coraelins, Surgeon, do. 

Belmain, Alez., Chaplain, do. 
Bradford, Samuel K., Lieut., do. 

Baskerville, Samuel, do. do. 

Ball, Daniel, do. do. 

Bohannon, Ambrose, Lieut, and Pay- 
master, Virginia. 
Beck, John, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Bowyer, Henry, do. do. 

Bell, Henry, do. do. 

Bradford, Charles, do. do. 

Brown, Jacob B,, do. do* 

Bowen, John, do. do. 

Brooke, Francis T. ,do. do. 

Brooke, John, do. do. 

Booker, Lewis, do. do^ 

Bedinger, Daniel, do. do. 

Baylis, Henry, Ensign, do.- 
Blyth, JoBsph, Surgeon, N. CarcdinA. 

Boyd, Adam, Chaplain, do. 

Blount, Beading, Major, do. 

Brevard, Alez., Captain, do. 

Ballard, Kedar, do. do* 

Baoott, Peter, do. do. 

Budd, Samuel, do. do. 

Bradley, Gee, do. do. 

Baily, Benjamin, do. do. 

Bell, Bobert, Lieutenant, do. 

Brevard, Joseph, do. do. 



414 



OFnCEBS ENTITLKD TO HALT-PAT. 



Bash, WUliam, lient, N. Carolina. 
Brownaon, Nath., Purveyor, 8. Car. 
Br6wnfleld, Robt Sor. Mate, do. 
Beekman, Bernard, Colonel, do. 
Baker, Sichard, Captain, do. 
Buchanan, John, do. do. 

Baker, Jesse, do. do. 

Beekman, Sam. lieutenaat, do. 
Bradwell, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Budd, John S., do. do. 

Brown, Charles, do. do. 

Booker, Gideon, Captain, Geoigk* 
Broeaard, Celeron, do. do. 

Catlibert, Alex., Capliin, Geoigiab 

Cook, Parris, do. do. 

CoUlna, Com., Lientenaoti do. 

Cowan, Edward, do. do. 

Came, John, Apothecary, S. CaroUm. 

Cooper, Leonard, Captain, do. 

Clarke, Thomas, Colonei, N. Carolina. 

Carter, Bei^jamin, Captain, do. 

Child, Franoia, do. da 

Coleman, Benjamin, da do. 

Craddock, John, do. do. 

Callender, Thomaa, do. do. 

Clark, Thomaa, Lientenant, do. 

Croucher, Anthony, da do. 

dendennin, John, do. da 

Campbell, John, do. do. 

Campen, James, do. do. 

Caldwell, James, Chaplain, New Jer- 
sey. Shot by a sentinel at SUaa- 
bethtown Point, Nov. M, 1781. 

Colbum, Andrew, Lieut. Col., New 
Hampshire. KiUed at the baUle of 
Stillwater, Sept 19, 1777. 

Cranston, Abner, Mi^or, Massaoha- 
setts. Killed May 89, 1777. 

Carpenter, Benigah, Captain, Rhode 
Island. KiUed at the battle of Long 
Island, Aug. 87, 1776. 

Coon, James, Lieut., Connecticut. 
KiUed Sept 6, 1780. 

CainpbeU, Biohard, Col., Va. Killed 
at SMaw SprincB, Sept 8, 1781. 



Chronicle, William, Major. KiUed M 

the battle of King's Mountain, Oct 

7, 1780. 
Calderwood, Janes, Capt, Virginia. 

KiUed Sept 11, 1777. 
Carson, John, Lieutenant, Maryland. 

Killed Sept 18, 1781. 
Casey, Benjamin, Captain, Viiginia. 

KiUed Sept 1, 1777. 
Cooper, ApoUoB, Lieutenant Virginia. 

KUled Sept 11, 1777. 
Conway, Jamee, Deut., Va. Killed 

Dec. 88, 1776. 
Caruthers, John, Lieut, Pa. KiUed 

Oct 4, 1777. 
Carmiobael, Alexander, Lieut, Pa. 

KiUed Sept 11, 1777. 
Campbell, John, Capt, Va. KiUed 

at Moore's Creek, Feb. 8<, 1776. 
CabeU, Samuel J., Lt Col., '^^rginia. 
Carrington, Edward, da do. 
Clark, Jonathan, do. da 
Croghan, WiUiam, Mi^or, do. 
CaU, Richard, do. da 

Cowherd, Francis, Captain, do. 
Carter, John C, do. do. 

Carrington, Mase, da do. 
Cocke, Colin, do. da 

Curry, James, do. do. 

Coleman, Whitehead, do. da 
Caraes, Patrick, Captain, Viigiida. 
Craike, James, Physician, do. 
Clements, Mace, Surgeon, do. 
Chrystie, Thomas, do. do. 

Claiborne, Richard, lieot, da 
Carrington, George, do. do. 
Clay, Matthew, do. do. 

Crate, John, da do. 

Cannon, Luke, da do. 

Coleman, Jacob, do. da 

Clark, Edmond, do. do. 

Coleman, Samuel, do. do. 
Crawford, John, do. do. 

Coverly, Thomas, da do. 
Clayton, PhiUp, do. do. 

Crittenden, John^ da da 



tmCtBB ENTITLBD TO HAJLP-PAT. 



415 



Cunpbell, Archibald, Lieot.,Virgmia. 
Conway, Joaeph, do. do. 
Oraddook« Robert, do. do. 
Chideraon, Riohard, Captain, Md. 
Carlisle, John, do. do. 

Oagett, Horatio, do. do. 

Coates, John, d«. do. 

Campbell, WiUiaM, do. do. 
Cheever, John, lievrtenant, do. 
Clements, Henry, do. do. 
CroM, Joeeph, do. do. 

Chapman, Henry H., do. do. 
ComptoQ, Edmund, do. do. 
Carey, Joha D., da do. 

Crawford, Jaool>, 60, dei 
Cox, Daniel P., Captain, Delaware. 
Ontting, John R, Apothecary, do. 
Campbell, James, Lieatooaot, do. 
Conway, John, lient OoL, N. J. 
Camming, John N., do. do. 
Cape, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Cox, Siehard, Migor, do« 

Campfleld, Jabez, Surgeon, do. 
Com, Samael, lieotenant, do. 
ChambeiB, James, Colonel, Penn. 
Craig, Thomas, do. do. 

Craig, Isaac, Migor, do. 

Chnreh, Thomas, do. do. 
Craig, John, Captain, do. 

Craig, Samuel, do. do. 

Camahan, James, do. do. 
Christie, James, do. do. 

Campbell, Thomas, do. da 
CUypoole, Abra'm G«, do. da 
Coltman, Robert, da da 
Cobea, John, do. da 

Carberiy, Henry, do. da 
<3iri8tie, John, do. da 

Clark, John, do. do. 

Crosley, Jesse, lieutenant, do. 
Cramer, jAoob, do. do. 

Collier, Joseph, da do. 

Crawford, Edward, da do. 

Campbell, Jamea, da da 

Crawford, John, do. da 

Ctocikner, Christian, da da 



Coventry, John, Hos. Mate, Penn. 
Cowel John, do. do. 

Coohran, John, Director Gen., N. Y. 
Clinton, James, Brig. Oen., do. 
Cortlandt, Philip, Colonel, do. 

Cochran, Robert, Lieut. Cot, do. 
Clarkflon, Matthew, Migor, do. 

Codwise, Christopher, Deut, do. 
Clinton, Alexander, do. do. 
Colbroath, Wm., Lt. A Qr. Mr. do. 
Crimshier, John D., Lt. d^ P^y^r, do. 
Crosby, Ebenezer, Surg*n of Quards^ 

New York. 
Cunningham, Henry, Lieut, K. Y. 
Conine, Philip, da do. 

Connolly, Michael, do. do. 

Cady, Palmer, do. do. 

Cragie, Andrew, Apothecary, do. 
Cook, Samvel, Surgeon, da 

Campb^ George, do. da 

Carpenter, Nehemlah, Lieut, do. 
Chapman, Albert, Mi^or, Conn. 

Cn/t, Wilis, do. da 

Chamberlain, Ephraim, Captain, da 
Comstook, Samuel, do. do. 

dift, Samuel, da do. 

Chapman* Elgah, da da 

Chipman, John, do. da 

Converse, Thomas, do. da 

Coleman, Noah, Surgeon, do. 
Crosby, Ebenexer, do* do, 

Cam^ll,Joha, Uesilemmt, da 
Cunniflgham, Henry, do. da 
Colfiuc, William, do. do. 

Chapman, Joseph, do. da 
Curtis, Giles, do. da 

Colton, George, Ensign, da 

Clark, Joseph, do. do. 

Cole Abner, do. do. 

Cleveland, John, do. da 

Crane, John, Colonel, Masaaohnsetta. 
Cobb, David, Lieut. Col., do. 
Carr, Samuel, Major, do. 
Cogswell, Thomas, do. do. 

Cogswell, Amos, Oaptain, do. 
Cookf David, do. do. 



416 



OFFIOEBS ENTITUED TO HALF-PAY. 



Coburn, Asa, Captaini Haas. 

Clark, Silas, do. do. 

Cooper, ^xekiel, do. do. 

Clapp, Caleb, do. do. 

Clayes, Peter, do. do. 

Chambers, Matthew, do. do. 

Cashing, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Crane, John, Surgeon, do. 

Choever, Abgah, do. do. 

Coggswell,Win.,Surg'n'BMate, do. 
Carleton, Moaes, Lieatenant, do. 
Carleton, Osgood, do. do. 

Castaing, Peter, do. do. 

Cogswell, Samuel, da do. 

I'i Condy, Thomas H.j ' ' ; do. «t77 da 
Crane, John, da da 

Cole, Thomas, da do. 

Clapp, Joshua, do. da 

Carey, Jonathan, do. do. 

Callender, John, do. do. 

Cooper, Samuel, do. da 

Crawley, Florence, do. do. 

Cnshing, Thomas, do. da 

Crook, Joseph, do. do. 

Chapin, Samuel, da da 

Cilley, Joseph, Colonel, New Hamp. 
Carr, James, Major, do. 

Cherry, Samuel, Captain, do. 
Cass, Jonathan, do. da 
Cilley, Jonathan, Lieut. do. 
Clapp, Daniel, do. do. 

Church, Reuben, Ensign, do. 

Davidson, John, Major, Maryland. 
Dorsey, Richard, Captain, do. 
Dyson, Thomas A., Lieut., do. 
Davis, Resin, Captain, do. 

Denny, Robert, Lieutenant, do. 
Denwood, Levin, Surgeon, do. 
Dearborn, Henry, Colonel, N. H. 
Dunston, Moses, Captain, do. 
Dennitt, John, do. do. 

DuBtin, Moody, do. do. 
Dunning, Michael, do. do. 

Duponceau, Peter S., Captain. Steu- 
ben's Staff. 



Davidson, William, Qeneral, N. Car. 

Killed at Cowan's Ford, Febmaiy 

1, 1781. 
Dimon, David, Lieut. Colonel, Conn. 

KUIed Sept 17, 1777. 
Douglass, William, Colonel, Cjpnn. 

Killed May 27, 1777. 
Davis, laaMS, Captain, Mass. Killed 

April 19, 1776. 
Dickinson, Edmund B., Mi^r, Va» 

Killed at the battle of Monmouth, 

June 28, 1778. 
Dye, Jonathan, lieutenant, Virginia. 

Killed Sept 11, 1777. 
Drake, Thomas, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Killed Jan. 21, 1777. 
Dunn, Peter, Captain, Va. Killed 

Sept 26, 1777. 
Donovan, Richard, Adjutant, M«L 

Killed at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
Dobaon, Henry, Captain, Maryland. 

Killed Sept 8, 1781. 
Duvall, Edward, Lieut, Md. Killed 

at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
De Hart, Jacob, Aid-de-Camp, Penn. 

Killed July, 21, 1780. 
Davis, Joseph, Captain, Penn. Killed 

April 28, 1779. 
Durkee, John, Colonel, Conn. Died 

at "Bean Hill," March 1, 1782. 
Davenport, Hezekiah, Lieut, Conn. 

KUlcd April 27, in7. 
Dunham, Silas, Lieutenant, Conn. 

KiUed Deo. 7, 1777. 
Dill, James, Deut, Penn. Killed 

Sept 11, 1777. 
Darby, Samuel, Major, Maas. 
Drew, Seth, do. do. 
Dix, Nathan, Captain, Mass. 
Daniels, Japhet, do. do. 
Day, Luke, do. da 

Day, Elijah, Lieutenant, do. 
Dean, Walter, do. do. 

Davis, John, do. do. 

Danforth, Joshua, do. da 

Dodge, Levi, do. da 



onncKxj EHTrn.KD to hajlf-pat. 



417 



Dana, Bepjatnin, laeutenant, Mass. 
Baffield, John, Surgeon, do. 
Davis, Jamea, Lieutenant, do. 
Davis, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Dexter, John S., Major, U. Island. 
Dexter, Daniel S., Captain, do. 
Durkee, John, do. Conn. 
Dagget, Henry, do. do. 

Douglass, Richard, do. do. 

Durranoe, David, do. do. 

Dole, James, Lieutenant, do. 
De Forrest, Sam'l, do. do. 

Denslow, Martin, do. do. 

Dimmick, Benj., do. do. 

Doming, Pownal, do. do. 

Draper, George, Surgeon, New York. 
Davidson, Jas., Commissary, do. 
Davis, John, Miyor, do. 

Dunscomb, £dw*d, Captain, do. 
De Witt, Sim., Geographer, do. 
Doughty, John, Captain, do. 
Doughty, Edward, Miyor, do. 
Dodge, Henry, Lieutenant, do. 
Dodge, Samuel, do. do. 

Denniston, Daniel, do. do. 

Demler, Henry, do. do. 

Denniston, Geo. L, do. do. 

Dubois, Henry, Captain, do. 
D'Anrler, Charles, do. do. 

De Rousso, Pierre Begnier, Lt. Colo- 

nel. New York. 
Dayton, Elias, Brig. Gen., N. Jersey. 
Dayton, Jonathan, Captain, do. 
De Hart, Cynes, do. do. 

Darby, Ephraim, Lieut.,' do. 
Donnel], Nathaniel, CapUun, Penn. 
Dunn, Isaac B., do. do. 

Davis, John, do. do. 

Doyle, John, do. do. 

Douglas, Thomas, do. do. 
Duncan, James, do. do. 

Davidson, James, Surgeon, do. 
Daroy, John, Surg. Mate, do. 
Detrick, Michael, do. do. 

Doty, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 
De Marcellin, Anth., do. do. 



18» 



Davis, liewellyn, Lieut, Penn. 
Doxon, Sankee, do. do. 
Dover, Andrew, do. do. 
Dunn, Abner M., do. do. 
Driskill, Joseph, do. Delaware. 
Davis, William, Colonel, Virginia. 
Dabney, Charles, Lt. Col., do. 
Darke, William, do. do. 

Dandridge, John, Captain, do. 
Dandridge, Robert, do. da 
Dandridge, Alex., Lieut., do. 
Davenport, Opie, Captain, do. 
Delaplane, Jamee, do. do. 
Dix, Thomas, do. do. 

Dickerson, Edmund, do. do. 
Dick, Alexander, Lieat, do. 
Dobeon, Robert, do. do. 

Elbert, Samuel, Colonel, Georgia. 
Eju'bert, Jacob V., Surg. Mate, do. 
Elliott, Bernard, Captain, S. Carolina. 
Evans^ George, Lieut., do. 

Evans, Thomas, Capt, N. Carolina. 
E^gleston, Joseph, M^or, Virginia. 
Eaton, , Major, Georgia. Killed. 

at Augusta, Ga., May 21, 1781. 
Ellut, Paul, Captain, Mass. Killed at 

Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 
Eno, Martin, Ensign, Conn. KiUed 

Oct. 11, WdOf- 
Eppes, Francis, Lieut. Col., Virginia. 

Killed at the battle of Long Island, 

Aug. 27, 1776. 
Eddins, Samuel, Captain, Virginia. 
Edwards, Le Roy, do. do. 
Edmunds, Thomas, do. do. 
Eppes, William, Lieutenant, do. 
Eskridge, William, do. do. 
Eastin, Philip, do. do. 

Erskine, Charles, do. do. 
Evans, William, do. do. 
Eustace, John, do. do. 

Ecdeston, John, Major, Maryland. 
Edgerly, Edward, Captain, do. 
Ewing, James, do. do. 

Evans, Elijah, do. do. 



«IS 



OVflDSBB JCNTI'IIjSD TO KLL^TMT* 



Bbert, John L., Sargwrn, Mtfyloid. 
Edmbton, Samuel, Lieat., d<K 
Edwards, Evan, Migor, Penn. 
Eames, Worlej, Captain, do. 
Eveiiy, Michael, Lieat., do. 
Erwin, James, do. do. 
Elmer, Moses G., Bar. Mate, N. J. 
Elmer, EbeneaMr, Sargpeon, do. 
Edgar, David, Captain, do. 

EUiott, John, Sargr^ MaU, N. Yoi^ 
Eogliah, Samuel, Lieut., do. 
Ellsworth, Peler, do» do. 

Ellis, John, Chaplain, Conneotkat. 
EUs, Edward, Captain, do. 
Ennis, Wm., do. Rhode Island. 
Eostis, William, Surgeon, Maaa^ 
Emerson, Nebemiah, Capt., do. 
Englis, Andrew, do. do. 

Baton, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 
Eggleston, Azariah, do. do.. 
Everett, Pelatiah, do. do. 
Essenden, William, do. do. 
Edwards, Thomas, do. do. 
Eldridge, Samuel, do. do. 
Emery, Bphraim, do. do. 
Evans, Israel, Chapl'n, N. Hampshire. 
BUia, Benjamin, Captain, do. 

Fish, Nicholas, Mi^or and Inspector, 

New York. 
Fairlie, James, Lieut and Aid-de- 

Camp, New fork. 
Flemming, George, Captain, N.York. 
Fowler, Theodooius, do. do. 
Fink, Andrew, do. do. 

French, Abner, do. do. 

Frelick, Joseph, lieutenant, do. 
Furman, John, do. do. 

Fondy, Duoy, Ensign, do. 

Fondy, John, do. do. 

Farwell, Isaac, Captain, N. H. 
FoRiTi Jeremiah, do. do. 

Fryo, IsuMc, do. do. 

Frost, George P., do. do. 

Femald, Tobias, Colonel, Mass. 
Fisk, Joseph, Suigeon, do. 



Flnley, Samuel, Surgeon, 
Finley, James E. B., do. do. 
Felt, Jonathan, Captain, do. 
Francis, Thomas, do. do. 

Frost, Samuel,, do. do. 

Fox, Joseph, do. do. 

Fuller, John, do. do. 

Fowles, John, do. do. 

Fenno, Ephr., Lt AQr. Mr., do. 
Frye, Nathaniel, Lieutenant, do. 
Freeman, Tbos. D., do. do. 
Freeman, Const. V., do. do. 
Foster, Thomas, do. do. 

French, Elijah, Ensign, do. 
Frink, Samuel, do. do. 

F!oyd, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Frye, Frederick, do. do. 

Foster, Elisha, do. do. 

Fitch, Andrew, Captain, ConneotSouk 
Fanning, Charles, Lieut., do. 
Farmer, Thomas, do. do. 
Frothingham, Eben., do. do. 
Forman, Jonathan, Lt. Col., N. J. 
Faulkner, Peter, Ensign, do. 
Fishboume, Benjamin, Aid-de-Oamp 

and Captain, Penn. 
Franks, David S., Aid-de-Camp and 

Major, Penn. 
Fontleroy, Moore, Mfgor, Penn. 
Finney, Walter, Captain, do. 
Finley, John, do. do. 

Unley, Joseph L., do. do. 
Freeman, Jeremiah, do. do. 
Ferguson, William, do. do. 
Fullerton, Richard, Dent., do. 
Fiok, David, do. do. 

Forrest, Uriah, Lt. Col.,' Maryland. 
Fumival, Alex., Captain, do. 
Finley, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Fickle, Benjamin, Lieut., do. 
Ford, Hezckiah, do. do. 

Febiger, Chrititian, Colonel, Va. 
Finnic, William, do. do. 
Flemming, Thomas, do. do. 
Flemming, Charles, Lt. Ool. do. 
Finley, Sainaol, Mfgor, do. 



OrWHOMB BVmLBD TO HALF-PAT. 



419 



Fitidivt^ P«RigriB«, Capt, Vs. 
Fitzgtndd, John, do. do. 

Field, Keuben, do. do. 

Fox, ThomM, do. do. 

Fitzhagb, William, Cornet, do. 
FeoD, Thomas, Deutenant, do. 
^•^oster, John H., Ensign, do. 
Fawn, WiUiam, Captain, N. Carolina. 
Feuner, Robert, do. do. 

Fergus, Jamea, Snrgeon, do. 
Fenner, Kiehard, Lieut., do. 
Ford, Joha, do. do. 

Finney, Thomaa, do. do. 

Flagg, Henry C, Apothecary, S. 0. 
Faysonz, Peter, Soigeon, do. 
Farrar, Field, do. do. 

FrierMm, John, UeateaaBt, do. 
Field, Jamea, do. do. 

Ford, Tobiaa, EnsigB, do. 

Fraaer, John, LieatenaaC, Geoigia. 
Fitspatriek, PaL, do. do. 

Flagg, £beneaer,Mi^r,B.L Killed 

by the Tories nnder Col. Delaney, 

in Weetcheator eounty, K. T., Mi^ 

IS, 1781. 
Fleming, , Captain. Killed at 

the battle of Prineeton, Jan. 8, 1777. 
Forbes, John, Captain, S. a Killed 

sAthebattleof Gmilford, Mar. 1ft, 

1781- 
Ford, Bei^Jamin, Lievt. CoL, Md. 

Killed at the battle of Hobkirk b 

HiU, April S6, 1781. 
Francis, Ebeneser, Colonel, Maas. 

KiUed at the battle of Habbard- 

town, July 7, 1777. 
Faey, Joeeph, Ensign, N. Hampshire. 

KiUed 8epU 19, 1777. 
Foster, Ebenexer, Ensign, liassaehw- 

setts. Killed at Semis's Heighte, 

Oct. 19, 1777. 
Fellows, David, Ehsign, Connecticut. 

KiUed Dea 10, 1779. 

Greene, Christopher, Lt Col, B. L 
Killed i^ Weetoh^ester Co., N^ y.. 



hy Col. Dehmcy's Tories, Kay 18, 

1781. 
Goodwin, Nathaniel, Captain, Conn. 

Killed May 1, 1777. 
Grimes, WiUiam, Captain, Viiginia. 

Killed Aug. 1, 1777. 
Gould, David, Sorgeon, Ya. Died 

July 12, 1781. 
Gardiner, Thomas, CdoneL KiUed 

at the battle of Banker HiU, June 

17, 1776. 
Goodrich, Esekiel, Lieutenant, Mass. 

KiUed Oct. 7, 1777. 
Gray, Hugh, Lient, Mass. KUled 

Ang. 8, 1777. 
Glenny, WiUiam, Lient., New York. 

KiUed Oct. 80, 1781. 
Greene, Ebenexer, Captain, N. H. 
GiUman, Nicholas, do. dow 
Gookin, Daniel, Lieut, dou 

Gfeatoo, John, Brig. Gen., Mass^, 
Glover, John, do. do. 

Goodwin, Francis L. R, Surgeon's 

Mate, Mass. 
Graham, Isaac G., Surgeon'a Mate, 



Gibbs, Caleb, Um^ot, 
Goodale, Nathan, Captain, do. 
Green, Francis, do. do. 
Greenleaf, WiUiam, Lient, do. 
Garret, Andrew, do. do. 
Greea, John, do. do. 

Gardner, James, do. do. 
Gordon, WiUiam, do. do. 
Givena, Bobert, do. do. 

GUbert, Bei^amin, do. do. 
George, John, do. do. 

Gridley, John, do. do. 

Graves, Asa, Ensign, do. 
Gk«aton, John W., do. da 

Greaton, Eieh. H., do. 
Greene, Nathaniel, M^j. Gen., B. L 
Greenman, Jeremiah, lient, do. 
Green, Morley J., do. do. 

Grosvenor, Thos., Lt Col., Conn. 



Qny, Ebene^ieir, 



do. do. 



430 



OFFIOSB8 vjsrrmjsD to half-pat. 



Gibbs, Samuel, Lient., Conn. 
Griawold, Andrew, do. do. 
Olenny, William, do. do. 
Gorham, Nehemiah, do. do. 
Grover, Phineaa, do. do. 
Goodell, Silas, do. do. 

Gore, Obadiah, do. do. 

Gregory, Matthetr, do, do. 
Grant, Benoni, do. do. 

Goodrich O&as, Enaign, do. 
Gansevoort, Peter, Ck>lonel, N. York. 
Giles, Aqniila, Lieut. Col. and Aid- 

de-Camp, New York. 
Graham, John, Mi^or, N. York. 
Gano, John, Chaplain, do. 

Gano, David, Captain, do. 
Gray, Silas, do. do. 

Goodwin, Henry, do. do. 

Graham, Charles, do. do. 

Gregg, James, do. do. 

Giles, James, Lieutenant, do. 
Graham Steph., Hospital Mate, N. Y. 
Gnion, Isaac, Capt. Lieut, do. • 
Gildersleeve, Finch, Lieut., do. 
Grier, James, Lieut. CoL, Penn. 
Gill, £rasmus. Captain, ^dor *l < 

Gray, William, do. do. 

Goamer, Peter, do. do. 

Gnthrey, George, lieut., do. 
Grier, Henry, do. do. 

Gamble, James, do. do. 
Griffith, Levi, do. do. 

Glentworth, James, do. do. 
Gilchrij^t, James, do. do. 
Gilder, Beuben, Surgeon, Delaware. 
Gist, Mordeoai, Brig. Gen., Md. 
Gun by, John, Colonel, do. 

Gibson, Jonathan, Captain, do. 
Gassaway, John, do. do. 
Gaither, Henry, do. do. 

Gist, John, do. do. 

Gale, John, do. do. 

Gray, James W., do. do. 
Gerry, Kobert, Lieut, do. 
Gassaway, Nicholas, do. do. 
Gassaway, Henry, do. do. 



Goldsboro', Wm., lient, Maryland. 
Grometh, Jacob, do. do. 
Gates, Horatio, Mij. Gen., Virginia. 
Gist, Nathaniel, Colonel, do. 
Gibson, John, do. do. 

Green, John, do. do. 

Gaskins, Thomu*, do. do. '^ 

Grayson, William, do. do. 

Gilehrist, George, Major, do. 
Gunn, James, Obtain, do. 
Gamble, Bobert, do. do. 

Gillison, John, do. do. 

Gaines, Wm. Fleming, LieuL, do. 
Green, Gabriel, do. dow 

Glascock, Thomas, do. do. 
Gray, William, do. dow 

Green, Bobert, do. do. 

Gray, Francis, do. do. 

Gordon, Ambrose, do. do. 

Gkmett, Benjamin, do. do. 
Gibson, John, Ensign, do«. 

Gibbs, Churxshill, Lieut., do. 
Green, James W., Suigeon, N. Gkr. 
Gerard, Frands, Lieutenant, do. 
Graves, Francis, do. do. 

Grimke, John F., Lieut Col., 8. Oar 
Gadsden, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Gk>odwin, Uriah, do. do. 

Goodwin, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Grayson, John, do. do. 

Houston, James, Suigeon, Georgia. 
Habersham, John, Migor, do. 
Hondley, George, Captain, do. 
Hicks, Isaac, do. do. 

Hillary, Christopher, Lieut, do^ 
Hayes, Arthur, do. do. 

Huger, Isaac, Brigadier-general, S; 0. 
Henderson, Wm., Lieut OA^ do. 
Harleston, Isaac, Migor, do. 

Hyme, Fdmund M., do. do. 

Hart, Oliver, Surgeon's Mate, do. 
Hixt, William, Captain, do. 

Hart, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Hamilton, John, do. do. 

Hazzard, Wiliiara, do. do. 



GFFlCBSa ENTTTLKD TO HALF-PAY. 



4S1 



Howe, Bobert, Mig. Oen., N. Ctr. 

Hamey, Shelby, ColoDel, do. 

Hoggy Thomas, Mi^r, do. 

Hadley, Joehna, Captain, do. 

Hall, Clement, do. do. 

Holling, Solomon, Surgeon, do. 

Hill, John, Lientenant, do. 

Hays, Bobert, do. do. 

Holmes, Hardy, do. do. 

Hargraye, Wm., do. do. 
Harrison, Charles, Colonel, Virginia. 

Heth, William, do. ' do. 

Hawes, Samnel, do. do. 

Hopkins, Samnel, Lient CoL, do. 

Holmer, Christian, Mijor, do. 

Hopkins, David, do. do. 

Hill, Thomas, do. do. 

Hayes, John, do. do. 

Hogg, Samuel, Captain, do. 

Holt, Thomas, do. do. 

Heth, Henry, do. do. 

Hng^ee, John, do. do. 

Hite, Abraham, do. do. 

-Hord, Thomas, do. do. 

Holmes, David, Snigeon, do. 

Hnghes, Jasper, Comet, do. 

Heth, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Holt, James, do. do. 

Harris, John, do. do. 

Hamilton, James, do. do. 

Hunt, John, do. do. 

Haokley, John, do. do. 

Hite, Oeoiige, do. do. 

Harrison, Lawrence, do. do. 

Harrison, John, do. do. 

HifTgins, Peter, do. do. 

Hull, Josiah Carvel, Colonel, Maxy'd. 
Howard, John Eager, do. do. 
Hardman, Henry, Mi^or, do. 

Hanie, Ezekiel, Surgeon, do. 

Hoops, Adam, Captain, do. 
Hugo, Thomas B., do. do. 

Hamilton, George, do. do. 

Hamilton, John A., do. do. 

Handy, George, do. do. 

Hanson, Isaac, Lieutenant, do. 



Hanson, Samuel, Lieutenant, Md. 
Hanson, William, do. do. 
Hill, Philip, do. do. 

Harris, Arthur, do. do. 

Hamilton, John, do. do. 

XHawkins, Henry, do. do. 
Hartshorn, John, do. do. 
Halkerstone, Bobert, do. do. 
Hamilton, Edward, do. do. 
HaU, David, Colonel, Delaware. 

Hosman, Joseph, Lieutenant, do. 
Hyatt, John V., do. do. 

Hand, Edward, Brigad'r Gen., Penn. 
Hampton, Bichard, Colonel, do. 
Hay, Samuel, Lieut. Colonel, do. 
Harmar, Josiah, do. do. 

Hubley, Adam, do. do. 

Hamilton, James, Mi^r, do. 

Humphrey, Jaoob, Captun, do. 
Hubley, Bernard, do. do. 

Heard, John, do. do. 

Hopkins, David, do. da 

Henderson, William, do. do. 

Harris, Bobert, Surgeon's Mate, do. 
Henderson, Gustavus, do. do. 
Hnghes, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Hicks, Jaoob, do. do. 

Hallet^ Jonah, do. do. 

Honeyroan, William, do. do. 

Humphreys, John, do. do. 

Howell, Ezekiel, do. do. 

Huston, William, do. do. 

Henderson, Andrew, do. do. 

Herbert, Stewart, do. do. 

Harper, John, do. do. 

Hammond, David, do. do. 

Henley, Henry, do. do. 

Hunter, Andrew, Chaplain, N. Jer'y. 
Harris, Jaoob, Snigeon, do. 

Holmes, John, Captain, do. 
Holmes, Jonathan, do. do. 

Holmes, William, do. do. 

Howell, John, do. do. 

Heard, James, do. do. 

Hendry, Samuel, do. do. 

Halsey, Luther, Lieutenant, do. 



^2 



OVFIOBBS BMTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



HeyTB, Jacob, Ensign, New Jemey. 
Hopper, John, do. do. 

Hamilton, Alexander, Lt Col., N. T. 

Hay, Udny, do. do. 

Hay, Samael, do. do. 
Hnbbell, Isaac, Captain, Lientenaat, 

and Paymaster, New York. 

Hanson, Dirok, Captain, N. T. 

Hoghes, James Milea, do. d6. 

Hallett, Jonathan, do. do. 

Hamtramek, J<)htk F., do. dd. 

Hioks, Benjamin, do» do. 

Hardy, Joaef^ do. dd. 
HnUon, Chiisk^Jler, Liealatt't» do. 

Harvey, EUaha, do. do. 

Hardenburgr, Abraham, do. do. 

Hardenbnig, John L., do. do. 

Hyatt, Abraham, do. do. 

Hunt, Thomas, do» do. 

Hanmer, Fnuuns, do. do. 

Hammond, Abijah, do. do. 

Henry, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Herring, Benjamin, Ensign, do. 

Huntington, Jedediah, Brig. Gen., 

Connectieat. 
Huntington, Ebeneaer, Lt. CoL, Conn. 

Humphreys, David, do. do. 

Holdridge, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Haite, Joseph, do. do. 

Haite, Samuel, Captain, do. 

Hogeland, Jeronimus, do. do. 

Hill, Ebeneaer, do. do. 

Hall, Stephen, do. do. 

Hinckley, Ichabod, do. do. 

Humphrey, Elijah, do. do. 

Hodge, Asel, do. do. 

Hopkins, Elisha, do. do. 

Heart, Jonathan, do. do. 
Howley, Oideon, Lieutenant, do. 

Hobart, John, do. do. 

Haite, Samuel, do. do. 

Holt, Silas, do. do. 

Hubbard, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Hosmer, Timothy, Surgeon, do. 

Hosmer, Prentice, Lieutenant, do. 

Hall, Tulmadgo, Paymaster, do. 



Heath, Peleg, Ltenfeuumt, Conii. 
•-Higgins, William, do. do. 

Hall, Philemon, do. da 

Hubble, Solomon, do. do. 

Henshaw, William, do. do. 

Hyde, James, do. do. 

Harraan, James, Ensign, do. 

Heart, John, do. do. 

Holden, John, Ciq»tain, Rhode I. 
Hughes, Thomas, do. do. 
Hnmphrey, William, do. do. 
Hubbart, John, lieutenaat, dou 
Hunter, Robert, Ensign, dow 

HeaiJi, William, Mi\j. Qon., Mmi. 

Hull, William, Lieut. Col., do. 
Uolbrook, David, Ci^tain, do. 

HoUister, Jesse, do. do. 

Hastings, John, do. do. 

Holden, Aaron, do. do. 

Hondin, Michael G., do. do. 

Hunt, Thomas, do. do. 

Henley, Samuel, do. do» 

Heywood, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hobby, John, do. do. 

Hartshorn, Thomas, do. do. 

Haskell, Elnathan, do. do. 

Hastings, Walter, Suigeon, do. 

Hart, John, do. do. 

Holland, Park, Lieutenant, do. 

Hooker, Zlbeon, do. do. 

Hammond, Abijah, do. do. 

Hunt, Ephraim, do. do. 

Hiwell, John, do. do. 

Holbrook, Nathan, do. do. 

Hill, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Haskell, Jonathan, do. do. 

Holden, Levi, do. do. 

Holden, John, do. do. 

HoUidge, John, do. do. 

Holland, Ivory, do. do. 

Hildreth, William, do. do. 

Hoey, Benjamin, do. do. 

Hull, James, do. do. 

Howe, Richard S., Enaign, do. 

Hortou, Elitiha, do. do. 

Hamlin, Africa, do. do. 



OVtlCEBS KNTITLBD TO HAI.P-PAT, 



4S8 



Bxtr^f John, Etarign, MaM. 
Henty, Robert R., Surgeon, N. H. 
Hatehins, Nathaniel, Capt, do. 
Hanrey, John, Lieotenant, do. 
Howe, Bazaleel, do. do. 

Herkimer, , General, N. York. 

Killed at the battle of Oriskany, 

Aug. 6, 1777. 
Hnger, Benjamin, Mi^, 8. OaroHna. 

Killed at Charleston Neck, May 11, 

1TT». 
Hilton, William, Lient., North €aro>^ 

lina. KiHed July 15, m». 
Hawkins, Moses, Oaptehi, Yiiytnia. 

Killed at Germantown, Oct 4, 1777. 
Humphries, John, Captain, Virginia. 

Killed at Quebec, Deo. 81, 1775. 
Harrison, James, lieutenant, Va« 

KiUed Oct. 7, 1777. 
Hardman, John, Captain, Maryland. 

HUledBept 1,1780. 
Hendrioks, William, Captain, Peno. 

Killed Deo. 81, 1775. 
Haston, Alexander, Captain, Penn. 

Killed at Bimudy?rine, September 
-^ 11,1777. 

>Qainmond, Benjamin, Lieut., Penn. 

KiUed Feb. 20, 1778. 
Hopes, Robert, Captain, Penn. Killed 

at Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777. 
Holliday, James, Lieut., Penn. Kill- 
ed at Brandywine, Sept 11, 1777. 
Hume, Alexander, Lieut, South Car- 
olina. Killed at the storming of 

Savannah, Oct 9, 1779. 
Holmes, David, Surgeon, Connecti- 
cut Died March 20, 1779. 
Howe, Solomon, Suigeon, Connect!- 

out Died June 10, 1778. 
Harris, John, Lieut., Connecticut 

Died Dec. 7, 1777. 
Hopkins, Weigh, Captain, Sheldon's 

Horse. KUled July 15, 1779. 
Hale, Nathan, Captain, Connecticut 

Sent by Geu. Wabhington to reoon- 

n^tre the British on Long Island 



in 1776. He was captured by ihem 
and hanged as a spy Sept. 82, 1776. 

Haslett, John, Colonel, Del. Killed 
at the battle of Princeton, January 
8, 1777. 

Holland, Thomas, Captain, Delaware. 
Killed at Germantown, Oct 4, 1777. 

Henley, , Migor, Aid to Gen. 

Heath. KUled at Montressof*s lal- 
and, Sept. 24, 1776. 

Hale^ , Colonel. Died a pris- 
oner on Long Island, in 1780. 

Irwin, Henry, Colonel, North Caro- 
lina. Killed at Germantown, Oet 
4, 1777. 

Ingersoll, Geoige, Lieutenant, Mass. 

Inrine, William, Brig. Gen., Penn. 

Irvine, James, do. do. 

Irvine, Andrew, Captain, do. 

Irwin, John, do. do. 

Irvine, Matthew, Surgeon, do. 

Inglia, John. Captain, N. Carolina. 

Ivey, Curtis, Lieutenant, do. 

Irish, Nathaniel, Captain of Artifi- 
cers, Pennsylvania. 



Jackson, Ephraim, Colonel, 

Killed Dec. 19, 1777. 
Johnson, Philip, Colonel, N. Jersey. 

Killed at the battle of Long Island^ 

August 27, 1776. 
Jouett, Matthew, Captain, Virginia. 

Died Nov. 15, 1777. 
Jackson, Henry, Colonel, Mass. 
Jackson, Michael, do. do. 
Jackson, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Jackson, Simon, do. do. 
Jackson, Daniel, Lieut, do. 
Jackson, Ebenezcr, do. do. 
Jackson, Michael, do. do. 
Johnson, William, do. do. 
Jeff^ed, Samuel, do. do. 
Jenkins, Joel, do. do. 

Jackson, Amasa, Ensign, do. 
Jackson, Charles, do. do. 



424 



OFFICERS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAT. 



Johnson, Jonathan, Lt. Col., Conn. 
Jackson, Thomas P., Lieut, Adja- 

tant, and Aid, Conn. 
Jndd, William, Captain, Conn. 
Judson, David, do. do. 
James, Elijah, Lient, do, 
Jansen, Cornelias T., Capt., N. Y. 
Johnson, John, do. do. 

Johnson, Bobert, Surgeon, do. 
Johnston, James, lieut., do. 
Johnston, Francis, Colonel, Penn. 
Jackson, Jeremiah, Captain^ do. 
Jones, James, Surgeon, do. 
Jones, David, Chaplain, do. 
Jones, James M., Lieut, do. 
Janney, Thomas, do. do. 
Johnston, Andrew, do. do. 
Jaquette, Peter, Captain, Delaware. 
Jennifer, Daniel, Surgeon, Maryland. 
Jordan, John, Capt of Cav., do. 
Jones, John C, Captain, do. 
Jamison, Adam, Lieut, do. 
Jameson, John, Lieut Col., Virginia. 
Joinee, Levin, do. do. 

Johnston, William, Captain, do. 
Jones, Churchill, do. do. 
Jones, Strother, do. do. 

Johnston, John B., do. da 
Jones, Albrighton, Lieut, do. 
Johnston, Peter, do. do. 
Jones, Charles, do. do. 

Jones, Samuel, Captain, N. CaroHna. 
Jones, Philip, Lieutenant, do. 
Jackson, William, Captain, S. C. 
Jordan, William, Lieut, Georgia. 

Knox, Henry, Kigor-general, Mass. 
Knapp, Moses, lieut Col., do. 
King, Zebulon, Captain, do. 

Killam, Joseph, do. do. 

Eindry, William, Lieut, do. 

Eirby, Ephraim, do. R. Island. 
Kimberly, Ephraim, Captain, Conn. 
King, Joshua, Lieutenant, do. 
Keeler, Isaac, do. do. 

Keeler, Thaddeus, do. do. 



Keeler, Aaron, Ensign, Coim, 

King, John, do. do. 

Knapp, Joshua, do. do. 

Kingsbury, Jacob, do. do. 

Keese, John, Asst Deputy Quarter- 
master-general, New York. 

Kemper, Daniel, Dep. Clothier-gen- 
eral, New York. 

Kemper, Jacob, Captain, New York. 

Kirkpatrick, David, lieut, do. 

Kenney, Abraham, do. N. Jersey. 

Kersey, William, do. do. 

Kennedy, Samuel, Captain, Penn. 

Keene, Lawrence, do. do. 

Eirkwood, Robert, do. Delaware. 

Kidd, Charles, lieut, Maryland. 

Kilty, William, Surgeon, do. 

Kilty, John, Captain, do. 

Keene, SamU Y., Sur. Mate, do. 

Kirkpatrick, Abraham, Captain,ya. 

Kendall, Kurtis, do. do. 

Kays, Robert, do. do. 

King, Elisha, lieutenant, do. 

Kirk, Robert, do. do. 

Kingsbury, John, Captidn, North 
Carolina. 

Knapp, John, Lieut, 8. Carolina. 

Kolb, Josiah, do. do. 

Kennedy, James, do. do. 

Knowlton, Thomas, Colonel, Conn. 
KiUed Sept. 16, 1776. 

Kingman, Edward, Ensign, Mass. 
Killed Sept 26, 1777. 

Kirkland, Nathaniel, Lieut, Conn. 
Killed Oct. 12, 1777. 

Kennedy, Samuel, Surgeon, Penn. 
Killed June 28, 1778. 

Laurens, John, Lieut Col., 8. Caro- 
lina. Killed in a skirmish on tho 
Combahee, Aug. 27, 1781. 

Ledyard, William, ColoneL Massa- 
cred by Migor Bl cornfield, a tory, 
under the command of Arnold, the 
traitor. Sept 6, 1781, at Fort Gria- 
wold. 



OFFICERS KNTITLBD TO HALF-PAT. 



425 



Locke, Francis, Colonel. Killed at 

Charlotte, 8. C, Sept 25, 1780. 
Lewis, Bobert, Capt., Conn. Killed 

Mar. 22, 1777. 
Lamar, Marian, Mi^or., Penn. Killed 

Sept. 21, 1777. 
Lemon, James, Lieut., Penn. Killed 

Sept. 11, 1777, at Brandywine. 
Lucas, Thomas, Lieutenant, Penn. 

Killed Oct i, 1777, at Oermantown. 
Leitch, Andrew, Migor, Va. Killed 

at Harlem Plains, Sept. 28, 1776. 
Lewis, William, Lieut, Va. Killed 

Sept 14, 1779. 
Livermore, Daniel, Capt, N. H. 
Lyon, Thomas, Lieut, do. 
Lightall, William, do. do. 

Lyford, Thomas, do. do. 

Leavitt, Nehemiah, do. do. 

Lincoln, Benj., Mij. Gen., Mas. 
Littlefield, Noah M., Lt Col., do. 
Lincoln, Bufus, Captain, do. 
Lunt, Daniel, do. do. 

Lee, Daniel, do. do. 

Learned Simon, do. do. 

Lord, Simeon, do. do. 

Loughton, Wm., Sur. Mate, do. 
Lovejoy, Obadiah, Lieut., do. 
Ligwoll, John, do. do. 

Lunt, James, do. do. 

Lilly, Beuben, do. do. 

Leland, Joseph, do. do. 
Lilly, John, do. do. 

Lyman, Cornelius, Ensign, do. 
Lord, Jeremiah, do. do. 
Leonard, Jacob, do. do. 

Lewis, Elijah, Captain, B. Island. 
Leavenworth, Eli, Mi^or, Conn. 
Lyman, Daniel, do. do. 
Liiy, Asa, Captain, do. 

Lee, Noah, do. do. 

Loouiis, Lcbbeus, Lieut, do. 
Lyon, Asa, do. do. 

Lord, William, do. do. 

Lynn, William, do. do. 

Lord, James, do. do. 



Lamb, John, Colonel, N. York. 
Livingston, James, do. do. 
Livingston, Henry B., do. do. 
Lawrence, Judge-advoaate General, 

New York. 
Lewis, Morgan, Colonel and Qr. Mr., 

New York. 
Livingston, Brokolst, Lt Cd., N. Y. 
Lutterloh, Henry £., Col., N. York. 
Ledyard, Isaac, Snr. Mate, do. 
Logan, Samuel, Mi^or, do. 

livingston, Abraham, O^t, do. 
Livingston, Bobt H., do. do. 
Lewis, Samuel, Lieut, do. 
Leycraft, William, do. do. 
Leycraft, George, do. do. 
Lansing, Gktrret, G., do. do^ 
Leggett, Abraham, do. do. 
Lawrence, Jonathan, Capt, do. 
Lane Derrick, Capt., N. Jersey. 
Leonard, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Doyd, Bichard, do. do. 
Luce, Francis, Enugn, do. 

Lusk, William, Captain, Peni.. 
Lambert, Le Chevalier, Lt, do. 
Lee, Andrew, Lieut., do. 
Leroy, Geoi^e, do. do. 

Lytic, Andrew, do. do. 

Lodge, Beqjamin, do. do. 

lioyd, James, do. do. 

Latimer, Henry, Surgeon, Delaware. 
Learmouth, John, Captain, do. 
Lansdale, Thomas, Major, Marylaod. 
Lucket, Tho9. H., do. do. 
Lynch, John, do. do. 

Lingan, James M., Captain, do. 
Lamar, Abraliam, da do. 
Lamar, William, do. do. 
Lynn, David, do. do. 

Lowe, John T., Lieut, do. 

Lynn, John, do. do. 

Lee, Henry, Lieut Col., Virginia. 
Lawson, Kobert, General, do. 
Lee, Philip B. F., Captain, do. 
Long, Gabriel, do. dow 

Lewis, William, Mijor, do. 



426 



OFFICEBfl EimTLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Lapaley) Samael, Captiun, Virginia. 
Loveley, Wm. L., do. do. 
Lind, ArthnFf Lieut., do. 

Lawson, Benj., do. do. 

Ludeman, John W., do. do. 
Linton, John, do. do. 

Long, Reuben, do. do. 

Lovell, Jamea, do. do. 

Lamb, Qideon, Colonel, N. CaroUna. 
Lytle, Archibald, Lt Col., do. 
Lytle, William, Captain, do. 
I«ewis, Mici^ah, do. do. 

Lawrence, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Lamb, Abner, do. do. 

Lookman, Chaa., Bar. Mate, 8. Car. 
Liddell, George, Captain, do. 
Lining, Charles, do. do. 
Legare, James, do. do. 

Lloyd, Edward, Lieut, do. 
Liston, Thomas, do. do. 
Uoyd, Benjamin, do. do. 
Langfbrd, Daniel, do. do. 
Lowe, Philip, Mqjor, Georgia. 
Lane, Joseph, do. ^o. 

Lucas, John, Captain, do. 

Mercer, Hugh, Brig. Gen., Va. Killed 

at Princeton, Jan. S, 1777. 
MoPherson, John, Aid-de-Camp to 

Gen. Montgomery. Killed at Que- 
bec, Dec. 81, 1776. 
Mattocks, John, Captain. Killed at 

King's Mountain, Oct 7, 1780. 
Montgomery, Eichard, Brig. Gen., 

New York. Killed at Quebec, Dec 

81, 1775. 
Mumford, Augustus, Mi^or, R. I. 

Killed at Plowed Hill, Aug. 27, 

1775. 
Morris, Joseph, Mf^or, N. J. Killed 

at Princeton, Jan. 8, 1777. 
McMyers, Andrew, Captain, N. J. 

Killed at Gennantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 
Miller, John, Captain, Penn. Killed 

at Fort Washington, Nov. 16, 1776. 
Motte, Charles, Mi^or, S. C. Killed 



at the storming of Savannah, Got 

», 1779. 
Moore, Willard, Migor, Mass. Killed 

at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
McCIary, Andrew, Major, N. Hamp- 
shire. Killed at Bunker Hill, June 

17, 1775. 
Munroe, Edmund, Captain, Mass. 

Killod at Monmouth, June 28, 1778. 
MoCanley, Nathaniel, Lieut., N. H. 

KiUed Aug. 80, 1779. 
Martin, Peter, Lieut, Penn. KiDed 

at Brandywine, Sept 11, 1777. 
Morris, Benj., Ensign, Penn. Killad 

at Brandywine, Sept 11, 1777. 
Mason, Caleb, Ensign, Md. Killed 

at Camden, Aug. 16, 1780. 
McClintock, Alex., lieut. Pa. Killed 

at Brandywine, Sept 11, 1777. 
Magee, William, Ensign, Pa. KlOed 

Sept 20, 1777. 
McLain, Robert A., Ensign, Penn. 

Killed Sept 27, 1777. 
Morrill, Amos, M^jor, N. Hampslirou 
McGregor, David, Captain, do. 
Munroe, Josiah, do. do. 

Morrow, Joshua, laeut, do. 
Mason, Lemuel, do. do. 
Mills, Joseph, do. do. 

McGalfey, Neal, do. do. 
McLowry, Alex., Ensign, do. 
Marshall, Thomas, Colonel, Mass. 
Maxwell, Hugh, Lt Col., do. 
Millen, James, do. do. 

Marshall, Chris., Capt, do. 
Maynard, Jonathan, do. do. 
Means, James, do. do. 

MoFarland, Moses, do. do. 
Mills, William, do. do. 

Mills, John, do. do. 

Miller, Jeremiah, do. do. 
Moore, William, do. do. 

McLane, Darnel, Lieut., do. 
Morton, Silas, do. do. 

Marble, Henry, do. do. 

Maynard, William, do. do. 



OFFIOEB8 ERTrrUED TO HAU'-PAT. 



427 



MaeOD, Dayid, Lient.) Mass. 
Merriok, Samael, do. do. 
Mellbh, Samuel, do. do. 
Haynard, John, do. do. 
Miller, Joseph, do. do. 
Morgan, Bei^., 8nr. Mate, do. 
McKay, Daniel, Ensigrn, do. 
Maoomber, Sben., Capt., R. Island. 
Masory, Joseph, Lieat., do. 
Meigs, Return J., Ck>loneI, Conn. 
Mather, Timothy, Sargeon, do. 
Mnnson, Eneas, Snr. Mate, do. 
Mnnson, Theophilus, Capt, do. 
Mnnson, WilHam, do. do. 
Moolton, William, do. do. 
Morris, James, do. do. 

McOregor, John, do. do. 

Mix, John, Lieot., do. 

Mix, Timothy, do. do. 

Maniftald, John^ do. do. 

Meigs, John, do. do. 

Miller, Chariaa, do. do. 

McDoagall, Alex., Mij. Gen., N. Y. 
MoDongail, B«nald 8., Mi^or, do. 
Morris, Lewis, do. do. 



McEnight, Chas., 


Surgeon, 


do. 


Menema, Daniel, 


do. 


do. 


Moore, Henry, Hoe. Mate, 


do. 


Maohin, Thomas, 


Captain, 


do. 


Marshall, Bihn, 


do. 


do. 


Motte, Qershom, 


do. 


do. 


Moodie, Andrew, 


do. 


do. 


Mansfield, SamueL 


, do. 


do. 


Morris, Wm. W., 


Lieut, 


do. 


Magee, Peter, 


do. 


do. 


Monty, Franois, 


do. 


do. 


Miles, John, 


do. 


do. 


Maxwell, Anthony, da 


do. 


Mott, Ebenezer, 


do. 


do. 


Marsh, John, 


Ensign, 


do. 


Morrell, Joseph, 


do. 


do. 



Mason, John, Chaplain, N. Jersey. 
^'Mitchell, Alex., Captain, do. 
Martin, Absalom, do. do. 

Meade, Giles, do. do. 

Meeker, Usal, Lieutenant, do» 



McEwen, John, Ensign, N. 


Jersey. 


Moylan, Stephen, Colonel, 


Penn. 


Magaw, Robert, 


do. 


do. 


Murray, John, Lieut. Col., 


do. 


Mentges, Francis, 


do. 


do. 


Mans, Matthew, Surgeon, 


do. 


Magaw, William, 


do. 


do. 


Martin, Hugh, 


do. 


do. 


MoCatla, Thomas, 


do. 


do. 


McDoWeU, John, 


do. 


do. 


McCoskey, Alex., 


do. 


do. 


MoCofflrey, Sam. A., 


do. 


do. 


McMordie, Robt, Chaplain, 


do. 


MoClure, James, Captidn, 


do. 


MoCurdy, Wm., 


do. 


do. 


Molntire, Thomas, 


do. 


do. 


MoConnell, Matthew, do. 


do. 


McMurray, William, 


do. 


do. 


MoKey, WUliam, 


do. 


da 


MoCuny, George, 


do. 


do. 


MoCaellan, John, 


do. 


da 


MoGowan, John, 


do. 


da 


Miller, WUliam, 


do. 


do. 


Martin, WiDiam, 


do. 


da 


Montgomery, Sam., 


do. 


da 


Marshall, John, 


do. 


da 


MoCttllom, John, 


Lieut, 


da 


McPherson, Jas. F., 


do. 


do. 


McGuire, Matthew, 


do. 


da 


McDowell, William, 


do. 


da 


MoKnight, David, 


do. 


da 


MoEinney, John, 


do. 


da 


McMichael, James, 


do. 


do. 


MoElhatton, Wm., 


do. 


da 


McLean, James, 


do. 


da 


MoFaiiane, James, 


do. 


do. 


Marshall, David, 


do. 


do. 


MUligan, James, 


do. 


da 


Markland, John, 


do. 


da 


Moore, William, 


do. 


do. 


Martin, Robert, 


do. 


da 


Mahon, John, 


do. 


da 


Murrin, William, 


do. 


do. 


Mytinger, Jacob, 


do. 


da 


MaroeiUn, ChevaUer 


, do. 


da 


Manning, Lawrence, 


do. 


da 



428 



OFFIOER8 ENTITLKD TO HALP-PAT. 



Marehall, Benjamin, Lieut, Penn. 

Morrison, James, £nslgn, do. 
McLean, Allen, Major, Delaware. 

Mitchell, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Moore, James, Captain, do. 

McKennou, Wm., do. do. 
McWillianis, Steph., Lieut., do. 

McHenry, James, Major, do. 
McAllister, Archibald, Capt, do. 

MoFaddon, James, do. do. 

Myers, Christian, do. do. 

McPherson, Samuel, do. do. 

Muse, Walter, do. do. 

Marberry, Joseph, do. do. 

Mason, Thomas, do. do. 

Morris, Jonathan, do. do. 

Mitchell, John, do. do. 

Morgan, David, Lieut., do. 

McCoy, John, do. do. 

McPherson, Mark, do. do. 

Myers, Lawrence, do. do. 
Muhlenbei^, Peter, Brig. Gen., Va. 
Morgan, Daniel, do. Virginia. 

Mathews, George, Colonel, do. 

Marshall, Thomas, do. do. 

MoClenahan, Alex., do. do. 

Mathews, Thos., Lt. Col., do. 

Montgomery, John, do. do. 

Meade, Richard, K., do. do. 

Mosely, WiUiam, Major, do. 

Minnis, Holman, Captain, d*» 

Minnis, Callowhill, do. do. 

Minnis, Francis, do. do. 

Mallory, Philip, do. do. 

Moi^n, Simeon, do. do. 

Muir, Francis, do. do. 

Moss, Henry, do. do. 

Morrow, Robert, do. do. 

Morton, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Mabin, James, do. do. 

Meredith, William, do. do. 

Meade, Everard, do. do. 

Mercer, John F., do. do. 

Minor, Thomas, do. do. 

Mosely, Benj., (1) Lieut., do. 

Mosely, Benj., (2) do. do. 



Meriwether, David, Lieat., Viiginia. 

Meriwether, James, do. do. 

Miller, Thomas, do. do. 

Mills, John, do. do. 

Miller, Jarran, do. do. 

Morton, James, do. do. 

Miller, David, do. do. 

Miller, William, do. do. 

Martin, Thomas, da do. 

McOuire, William, do. do. 

Massey, John, Comet, do. 

Middleton, Baziel, Surgeon, do. 

Munroe, George, do. do. 
Murfree, Hardy, Lieut. CoL, N. C. 

MoRae, Griffith I., Migor, do. 

Mills, James, Captain, do. 

Monfort, Joseph, do. do. 

Moore, Elijah, do. do. 

McNees, John, do. do. 

MoClure, William, Surgeon, do. 
McLain, William, Sur. Mate, do. 

Marshall, Dixon, Lieut., do. 

Moore, James, do. do. 

Moultrie, Wm., Maj. Gen., S. C 

Marion, Francis, Colonel, do. 

Mayzick, Daniel, Major, do. 

Mitchell, Ephraim, do. do. 

Mason, Richard, Captain, do. 

Milling, Hugh, do. do. 

Martin, John, do. do. 

V Mitchell, James, do. do. 

Martin, James, Surgeon, do. 

MoGuire, Merry, Lieut, do. 

Moore, Henry| do. do. 

Mayzick, Stephen, do. do. 
Mcintosh, Laohlin, Brig. Gen., G«. 
Mcintosh, John, Colonel, Geoi^guu 

Moore, Francis, Major, do. 

Mosby, Littlebury, Captain, do. 

Milton, John, do. do. 

Melvin, George, do. do. 

Mcintosh, William, do. do. 

Mcintosh, Lachlin, Lieut, do. 

Meanly, John, do. do. 

Mitchell, John, do. do. 

Morrison, John, do. dOb 



OFFICEK8 ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



429 



Mosby, Bobert, 
Maxwell, Josiah, 



Lieat, Gtoorgia. 
do. do. 



Neil, Daniel, Captain, New Jersey. 
Killed at Prinoeton, Jan. 8, 1777. 

Nash, Francis, Brig. Gen., N. Caro- 
lina. Killed at G^ennantown, Oct. 
4, 1777. 

NeufviUe, William, Sorgeon, S. C. 

Nelson, John, Major, do. 

Nelson, John, Captain, Virginia. 

Nevil, John, Colonel, do. 

Nelson, William, Lieat. Col, do. 

Nevil, Presley, do. do. 

Norvell, Lipscomb, Captain, do. 

Nixon, Andrew, do. do. 

Nelson, Boger, Lieutenant, do. 

Norria, Jacob, do. Maryland. 

Nichola, Lewis, Colonel, Penn. 

North, Caleb, Lieut. Col., do. 

North, George, Lieutenant, do. 

Nice, John, Captain, do. 

Neely, Benjamin, do. do. 

Nestell, Peter, do. N. York. 

Newkirk, Charles, do. do. 

Niven, Daniel, do. do. 

Norton, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Nidiolson, Geo. C, do. do. 

Neely, Abraham, do. do. 

Noyee, John, Burgeon, Connecticut. 

Norton, Ber^amin, Lieut., do. 

Nixon, John, Brig. Gen., Mass. 

Nixon, Thomas, Colonel, do. 

Newell, Ezra, Lt. Colonel, do. 

North, William, Captain, do. 

Nason, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Nelson, Henry, Lieut, do. 

Olney, Jeremiah, Colonel, B. Island. 
Olney, Coggeshall, Major, do. 
Oliver, Robert, do. Mass. 

Oliver, Alexander, Lieut., do. 
Olmstead, James, do. do. 
Ogden, Mathias, Colonel, N. Jersey. 
Ogden, Aaron, Captain, do. 

Otto Bodo, Surgeon, do. 



Orr, John, Lieutenant, N. J. 
Osman, Benjamin, do. do. 
Oldham, Edward, Captain, Maryland. 
Oldham, Conway, do. Virginia. 
Oliver, William, do. do. 
O'Neal, Ferdinand, do. do. 
Overton, John, do. do. 

Oliphant, David, Surgeon, S. C. 
Orgive, Geoige, Lieut., do. 
Ousby, Thomas, do. do. 

Putnam, Bufns, Brig. Gen., Mass. 

Patterson, John, Colonel, do. 

Peters, Andrew, do. do. 

Pope, Isaac, Migor, do. 

Porter, William, do. do. 

Perkins, William, do. do. 

Pettingill, Joseph, do. do. 

Pillsbury, Daniel, Captain, do. 

Pray, John, do. do. 

Pike, Benjamin, do. do. 

Pieroe, Silas, do. do. 

Pritchard, Thomas, do. do. 

Porter, Benj. J., Sur. Mate, do. 
Porter, Moses, Lieutenant, do. 

Phelan, Edward, do. do. 

Price, William, do. do. 

Pardee, Aaron, do. do. 

Phelan, John, do. do. 

Phelan, Patrick, do. do. 

Pierea, Benjamin, do. do. 

Pratt, Joel, do. do. 

Parker, Elias, do. do. 

Herce, John, do. do. 

Parker, Bei^jamin, do. do. 

Parker, Levi, do. do. 

Potter, Joseph, Captain, N. H. 

Page, Moses, lieutenant, do. 

Perkins, Jonathan, do. do. 

Payne, Francis, do. do. 

Penny man, Adna, do. do. 

Plumb, William, Chaplain, B. I. 

Peck, William, Major, do. 
Peckham, Benj. L., Captain, do. 

Patton, Thomas, do. do. 

Pratt, William, Lieutenant, do. 



4£0 



OFFIOBSS ENTITLED TO HiJLF-PAY. 



Putnam, Iinel, ICi^. Gen., Conn. 

ParBons, SaniQel H., do. do. 

Prior, Abner, Mi^or, do. 

Potter, Stephen, Captain, do. 

PhelpH, Seth, do. do. 

Parsons, Dand, do. do. 

Pendleton, Daniel, do. do. 
Perry, Sylvanna, Lieutenant, do. 

Pike, William, do. do. 

Pomeroy, Ralph, do. do. 

Pinto, Solomon, do. do. 

Pride, Beaben, do. do. 

Pickering, Tunothy, Colonel, N.Y. 

Piatt, Bichard, Mi^r, do. 

Popham, William, Captain, do. 

Pemberton, Bobert, do. dou 

PeU, Samuel T., do. do. 

Pawling, Henry, do. do. 

Parsons, Chariea, do. do. 

Prior, Abner, Suig. Mate, do. 

Peek, Hiel, Lieut, do. 

Provoet, Robert, Ensign, do. 

Peters, William, do. do. 
Phillips, Jonathan, Captain, K. J. 

Piatt, William, do. do. 

Parrott, Silas, Lieutenant, do. 

Paul, James, do. da 

Peck, John, do. do. 

Porter, Andrew, Ueut. Col., Penn. 

Perea, Peter, Surgeon, do. 

Piatt, Samuel, Surg. Mate, do. 

Proctor, Francis, Lieut. Col., do. 

I'arr, Jamea, Mi^jor, do. 

Power, William, Captain, do. 

Prye, Thomas, do. do. 

Paul lent, Autoine, do. do. 

Patterson, John, do. do. 

Patton, Robert, do. do. 

Pieraon, John, do. do. 

Parker, Alexander, do. do. 

Pike, Zebulon, do. do. 

Power, William, do. do. 

Puroell, Henry D., Lieut., do. 

Pugh, Jonathan, do. do. 

Peaaely, Zaoheua, do. do. 

Piercy, Henry, do. do. 



Pettigrew, James, lientenaoi^ Penn. 
Pratt, John, do. do. 

Peebles, Robert, do. do. 

Peterson, Qabriel, do. do. 

Porter, Robert, da do. 

Parker, Robert, do. do. 

Purvis, Geoige, Captain, N. Jersey. 
Patten, John, do. da 

Piatt, John, Lieutenant, da 
Pratt, Edward, Captain, MaryUnd. 
Price, Benjamin, do. do. 

Price, Thomas, jr., Lieut, da 
Pendergaat, William, do. da 
Pindell, Richard, Suigeon, da 
Porterfleld, Chariea, Lt. CoL, Yiig'a. 
Posey, Thomas, da do. 

Powell, Levin, do. do. 

Pelham, Charies, Mfgor, do. 

Poulson, John, da da 

Pendleton, Nathaniel, Captain, da 
Pierce, William, da do. 

Parsons, William, do. do. 

Pemberton, Thomas, da do. 
Pendleton, James, do. do. 

Parker, Thomas, da do. 

Parker, Alexander, do. da 
Payne, Tarleton, da da 

Porterfleld, Robert, do. da 
Payne, Thomas, do. da 

Powell, Peyton, Lieutenant, do. 
Pryor, John, do. da 

Parsons, Thomas, da da 

Porter, William, do. da 

Perkins, Archelaus, do. do. 

Power, Robert, Comet, da 

Perry, John, do. do. 

Payne, Josiah, Ensign, da 

Patton, John, Colonel, N. Carolina. 
Pearl, James, Captain, do. 
Pinckney, Charles C, Colonel, 8. C 
Pinckney, Thomas, Lieut Cd., da 
Puroell, Henry, ChapUin, da 

Prescott, Joseph, Surgeon, do. 

Pollard, Richard, Captain, da 

Proveaux, Adrian, do. da 

Poyas, John E., Has, Mate, da 



OFnCEBS KtrnTLBD TO BALT-PAT. 



481 



Pajne, ThoxnaM, Lievtenant, Oeorgxa. 
Parre, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Parker, Moeee, Lt Col., Mass. Killed 

. at Banker Hill, Jane 17, 1776. 
Patton,WiUiain, Iieat,Peiin. KUled 

at Oermantown, Oct. i, 1777. 
Pejton, Robert, lieat, Ya. KiUed 

at Bnuidywine, Sept 11, 1777. 
Phillips, Koah, Ensign, ConneoUcnt. 

Killed March 1«, 1778. 
Parmelie, Josiah, Capt, ConnMtient 

Killed Maroh 84, 1778. 
Pieroe, Timothy, Lieutenant, Penn. 

KiUed July 8, 1778. 
Pngb, Willis, Enugii, Tug**. Silled 

May 1, 1777. 

Qoarles, Jamee, C^piain, Yiigima. 
Qoarles, Thomas, do. do. 

Quarles, Wm. P., Lieutenant, do. 
Qoarles, Sobert, do. do. 
Uuirk, Thomas, do. do. 

fi^, Geoiige, Lient Col., N. Hamp. 
Bobinson, Caleb, Major, do. 

Sobinsoo, Noah, Captain, do. 
Bowell, WiUiam, do. do. 

Sice, Nathan, M^or, Masaaohasetts. 
Ronse, Oliver, Captain, do. 
Benniok, Timothy, do. do. 
Kichardson, Abiah, Baigeon, do. 
Kioe, Oliver, Lieutenant, do. 
Bipley, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Beab, Oeoige, do. do. 

Bichards, William, do. do. 

£^^JU>w, John, Ensign, do. 

Bawson, Jedothan, do. do. 
Bogers, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Russell, Thomas, do. do. 
Biley, John, Captain, Conn. 
I Beed, Enoch, do. do. 

Bobinson, Peter, do. do. 

Bose, John, do. da 

Bodgers, Hezekiah, do. do. 

Bichards, William, do. do. 

BogeiB, Jedediah, do. do. 



Bie6, Kehemiah, Captain, C<am. 
Boseell, Cornelius, Lieut, do. 
Bansom, Elijah, do. do. 

Bhea, Aaron, do. do. 

Biehards, Samuel, do. do. 

B<A>inson, EUas, do. do. 

Sogers, Joseph, Ensign, do. 
Bose, John, Surgeon, do. 

Soaecrans, James, Mi^, New York 
Bandall, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Bobeoheau, James, do. do. 
Seed, Jacob. do. do. 

Seed, John, do. do. 

Seed, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
Syokman, Wilhekn, Lient, do. 
Boss, John, M^or, NewJenqr. 
Beading, Samuel, do. do. 

Bookies, Anthony, Lieat, do. 
Seed, John, do. do. 

Benoastle, John, do. do. 
Bhea, Jonathan, do. do. 
Bead, John, Ensign, do. 

Bobinson, Thomas, Lt Col., Penn. 
Bogers, John S B., Suigeon, do. 
Bogers, William, Chaplain, do. 
Bogue, John, Surgeon^a Mate, do. 
Seid, James B,^ Major, do. 

Bose, John, do. do. 

Biely, John, Captain, do. 

Biee, William, do. do. 

Beeves, Enoe, Lieutenant, do. 
Bobinson, Andrew, do. do. 

Beed, Samuel, do. do. 

Bobbins, John, do. do. 

Beed, Archibald, do. do. 

Boohe, Edward, do. Delaware. 
Bamsey, Nathaniel, CoL, Maryland. 
Bawlings, Moses, Lt Col., do. 
Siohmond, Christopher, Capt, do. 
Soxburg, Alexander, do. do. 
Beed, Philip, do. do. 

Sevelly, Francis, do. do. 

Sadolph, Michael, do. do. 

Belly, William, do. do. 

Bioketts, Nicholas, Lieut, do. 
Beybold, Jacob, do. do. 



432 



OmCESS ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Bawlings, Tsaao, Lient, MarylAnd. 
Batledge, Joshaa, do. do. 

Bas'iD, William, do. do. 

Bous^ Thoinas, Ensign, do. 
RoftMll, William, Colonel, Vtrginia. 
Read, Isaac, do. do. 

Btohardson, Holt, Lt. Col., do. 
Bose, Robert, Surgeon, do. 

Bidley, Thomas, Major, do. 

Beid, Nathan, Captain, do. 
Bagsdale, Dmry, do. do. 

Bansdell, Thomas, do. do. 

Boy, Beverly, do. do. 

Bossel, Albert, Lieat, do. 

Boney, John, do. do. 

Rankin, Bobert, do. do. 

Bodder, Epaphroditns, do. do. 
Bhea, Matthew, do. do. 

Bobertson, William, do. do. 
Bobertson, John, do. do. 

Beed, Jesse, Captain, N. Carolina. 
Baiford, Bobert, do. do. 

Bead, James, do. do. 

Bhodes, Joseph T., do. do. 

Bead, William, Suigeon, 8. Car. 
Bamsay, Jesse H., Soiig. Mate, do. 
Bonx, Albert, Captain, do. 

Boberts, Biebard B., do. do. 

Bassell, Thomas C, Dent, do. 
Bothmaler, Erasmus, do. do. 
Boberts, Moses, Captain, Maasaciha- 

setts. Killed Feb. 11, 1780. 
Biker, Abraham, Lieutenant, N. T. 

Killed May 7, 1778. 
Beinick, Christopher, Snigeon, Penn. 

Died Sept 21, 1777. 
Bedpith, John, Lieutenant, N. Car. 

Killed Oct. 18, 1777. 
Bamsey, John, Surgeon, Penn. Died 

Nov. 4, 1776. 
Boberts, Owen, Colonel, S. Carolina. 

Died June 20, 1779. 



Soammell, Alexander, Colonel, N.H. 
Shot by the Hessian Cavalry, at 



Yorktown, Va., Sept. 80, 1781, and 
died Oct 6, 1781. 

Stirling, Lord, Mij. Gen., N. York. 
Died at Albany, Jan. 15, 1783. Hia 
proper name was Wm. Alexander. 

Shubriok, Biohard, Captain, S. Caro- 
lina. Killed Nov. 8, 1777. 

Smith, William, Lieut., Va. Killed 
at Qermantown, Oct. 4, 1777. 

Smith, Samuel, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
May 27, 1777. 

Shile, Peter, Lieut., Penn. Killed 
Nov. 6, 1777. 

Stoddard, Nathan, Captain, C(mn. 
Killed May 27, 1777. 

Stoddard, Joeiah, Captain, Conn. 
Killed Aug. 24, 1779. 

Shaw, Sylvanus, Captain, B. Island. 
Kifled Oct. 22, 1777. 

Shortridge, Benj., Captain, N. Hamp- 
shire. KiUed July 8, 1776. 

Skillings, John, Capt., Mass. Killed 
April 2, 1777. 

Steele, Aaron, Lieut, Mass. ffilled 
Nov. 24, 1777. 

Starke, John, Brig. Gen., N. Hamp. 

Safford, Samuel, Lt Col., do. 

Stockton, Ebon., Suigecm, do. 

Scott, William, Major, do. 

Senter, Asa, Captain, do. 

Smith, Simeon, do. do. 

Starke, Aj-ohibald, Lieut, do. 

Stevens, Ebenexer, do. do. 

Sheppard, Wm., Colonel, Maa». 

Sproat, Ebenezer, Lt Col., do. 

Stacy, William, do. do. 

Smith, Calvin, do. do. 

Sumner, Job, Mi^r, do. 

Spurr, John, do. do. 

Scott, William, do. do. 

Shute, Daniel, Captain, do. 

Sargeant, Winthrop, Captain and 
Aid, Mass. 

Sewall, Henry, Captain, Mass. 

Smith, Josiah, do. do. 

Smith, Sylvanus, do. do. 



OFF10KB8 EZmTLED TO BALF'P AY, 



48S 



Smith, John E., Captain, Maaa. 

Smith, Ebenexer, do. do. 

Satterlee, William, do. do. 

Slumao, John, do. do. 

Stratton, Aaron, do. do. 

Storrey, William, do. do. 
Storer, Ebeneier, Captain and Pay- 

maater, Masa. 

Shaw, Samuel, Captain, Maaa. 

Stone, Jonathan, do. do. 

Seward, Thomas, do. do, 

Sloan, Sturgeon, do. do. 

Stevens, William, do. do. 

Savage, Joseph, do. do. 

Stnrdivant, Isaac, Lieat, do. 

Smith, John, do. do. 

Smith, Joseph, do. do. 

Smith, Josiah, do. do. 

Stooker, Ebenezer, do. do. 

Selden, Charles, do. do. 

Sampson, Crockett, do. do. 

Spring, Simeon, do. do. 

Stone, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Savage, Henry, do. do. 

Sheppard, William, do. do. 

Sawyer, James, do. do. 
Scammon, Sam. L., Ensign, do. 

Scott, James, do. do. 

Sever, James, do. do. 

Swan, Caleb, do. do. 

Stafford, John R., do. do. 
Sherburne, Henry, Col., R. Island. 

Sayles, David, Captain, do. 
Sherman, Henry, Lieutenant, do. 

Sherburne, Benjamin, do. do. 

Sheldon, Elisha, CoU of Dragoons, 

Conn. 

Swift, Heman, Colonel, Conn. 

Starr, Josiah, do. do. 

Sumner, John, do. do. 
Sherman, Isaac, Lieut. Col., do. 
Skinner, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 

Simpson, John, do. do. 

Storra, Justus, do. do. 

Smith, David, Mijor, do. 

Sill, Biohard, Captain, do. 
1» 



Shumway, John, Captain, Conn. 

Starr, David, do. do. 

Savage, Abijah, do. do. 

Stevens, John, do. do. 

Strong, David, do. do. 

Stanton, William, do. do. 

Stevens, Aaron, do. do. 

Simon, Spaulding, do. do. 

Sanford, Samuel, do. do. 
Smith, Ezra, Lieutenant, do. 

Smith, William, do. do. 

Sherman, John, do. do. 

Shipman, Benoni, do. do. 

Starr, Thomas, do. do. 

Shutliff, Beigamin, do. do. 

Seymour, Horace, do. do. 

Smith, Joel, Ensign, do. 

Stevens, Ebenexer, Colonel, do. 
Steuben, Baron De, Mbj. Gton.,do. 

Smith, Wra. 8., Lt. Col., do. 
Sweet, Caleb, Surgeon, N. York. 

Schuyler, Nioh., do. do. 
Smith, Wm. P., Snrg. Mate, do. 

Santford, John, Captain, do. 

Smith, Israel, do. do. 

Stewart, James, do. do. 

Swartwout, Corn., do. do. 

Sytez, George, Major, do. 

Straohan, William, Lieut, do. 

Schuyler, Dirck, do, do. 

Soudder, William, do. do. 

Shaw, John, do. do. 

Smith, Isaac, do. do. 

Smith, John, do. do. 

Snow, Ephraim, do. do. 

Stagg, John, do. do. 

Stake, John, do. do. 

Steddiford, Gerard, do. do. 

Swartwout, Henry, do. do. 
Swartwout, Barnard, Ensign, do. - 
Spencer, Oliver, Colonel, N. Jersej. 

Shreeve, Israel, do. do. 

Seely, Samuel, Lieutenant, do. 

Stout, Abraham, do. do. 

Snowden, Jonathan, do. do. 

Sears, Peter, do. do. 



4S4 



OFFtCEBS KNTTTLKD TO HALF-PAY. 



Bhvte, Samuel M., lient^ N. Jersey. 
Stout, WesseU, T., do. do. 
Sproal, Moeeft, do. do. 

Shute, William, EnsigD, do. 
Sedam, OomeliuB, do. dow 
St Clair, Arthur, MaJ. Gen.,Peiiii. 
Stewart, Walter, Colonel, do. 
Stewart, ChristopV, Lt. Col, do. 
Stewart, Alex., Surgeon, do. 
Smith, Wm. H., Suig. Hate, do. 
SteveuAon, George, do. do. 
Stoteebury, John, Captain, dow 
Stevenaon, Stephen, do. do. 
Simonde, Jonas, do. do. 

Sproat, William, do. do. 
Simpson, Mi<4iael, do. do. 
Steele, John, do. dow 

Sample, Bobert, da do. 

Smith, Samuel, do. do. 

Stake, Jacob, do. do. 

Seely, Isaac, do. do. 

St. Clair, Daniel, Lieutenant, do. 
Smith, Peter, do. do^ 

Smith, NakhMuel, do. do. 
Smith, James, do. do. 

Stewart, William, do. do. 
Shrader, Philip, dow da 

Strieker, John, do. da 

Sullivan, John, do. da 

Spear, Edward, do. do. 

Stoy, John, do. do. 

StedSford, Gerard, do. do. 
Skillington, Elijah, do. Delaware. 
SmaUwoodfWm., Maj. Gen., Md. 
Stone, John H., Colonel, da 
Smith, Samuel, Lt. Col., do. 
Swan, Jno., Mi^ of Dragoon8,do. 
Bellman, Jonathan, Mf^'or, do. 
Smith, Joseph, Captain, da 
Spurrier, Edward, do. da 
Smith, John, do. do. 

Somerville, James, do. do. 
Smith, James, da do. 

Smith, John, do. do. 

Smith, Alex., Surg. Mate, do. 
Shngart, Martin, Lieutenant, do. 



Sears, John, Lieutenant, Maryland < 

Smith, Edward M., do. do. 

Smoote, William, do. do. 

Skerritt, Clement, do. do. 

Stoddard, Wm. T., da do. 

Sewell, Clement, Ensign, da. 
Seott, Charles, Brig. Gen., Virginia. 

v^ Stephenson, David, Major, da 

Snead, Smith, do. do. ^ 

Skelton, Clough, Captain, do, 

Stith, John, do. do. 

Sansum, Philip, do. do. 

Springer, Uriah, do. da 

Singleton, Anthony, do. do. 

Stribling, Sigismund, do. do. 

Stubblefleld, Beverly, do. do. 

Stokes, John, da do. 

Swearingen, Joseph, do. do. 

Sayres, Bobert, do. da 

—Scott, Joseph, do. do. 

Slaughter, Philip, do. da 
Summers, Simon, Lt. & Adj^, do. 

Stockley, Charies, Lieut., do. 

Springer, Jacob, do. do. 

Selden, Samuel, da dow 

Smith, James, do. da 

Smith, Jonathan, do. da 

Scarborough, John, do. do. 

Southall, Stephen, da da 

Stevens, William, da do. 

Starke, Bichard, do. da 

Smith, Francis, da da 

Smith, William S., do. da 

Steele, John, do. do. 

Stewart, Philip, do. dow 

Smith, Ballard, do. da 

Sayres, Thomas, da da 

Stribling, Erasmus, do. do. 

Smith, Larkin, da da 

Skinner, Alex., Sui^geon, do. 

Smith, Nathan, do. do. 

Savage, Joseph, do. da 

Southall, Stephen, Lieut., do. 

Settle, Strother, do. do. 

Scott, Charles, Comet, do. 
Sumner, Jethro,.Brig.Gen.,N. C. 



OFFH3BB8 ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



485 



Sliarpe, Anthony, Captain, N. C 
Stewart, Charies, do. do. 
Bammers, John, do. do. 
Slaoghter, John, do. do. 
Blade, Stephen, Lieutenant, do. 
Steed, Jesse, do! do. 

Shaw, Daniel, do. do. 

Scarlock, James, do. do. 
Saunders, William, do. do. 
Scott, William, Lieut. Col., S. C. 
Shubriok, Thomas, Captain and Aid, 

South Carolina. 
Smith, John C, CapUin, 8. Carolina. 
Sunn, Frederick, Surgeon, do. 
Springer, Sylves., Sur. Mate, do. 
Stevens, William S., do. do. 
Smith, Bobert, Chaplain, do. 
Smith, Aaron, Lieut, do. 

Sharpe, Jamea B., Sui^geon, Georgia. 
Steadman, James, Lieut., do. 
Shick, Frederiok, do. do. 

Scott, William, Captain, do. 

ThreadgUl, Thonuus, Captain, Ga. 
Templeton, Andrew, do. do. 
Tetard, Benjamin, Surgeon, do. 
Tennell, Francis, Lieut, do. 

Tucker, Thomas T., Surgeon, S. C. 
TheuB,- Simeon, Ci4>tain, do. 

Turner, George, do. do. 

yftktd, William, do. do. 

Tatum, Howell, do. N. C. 

Thaxton, James, lieut. Col., do. 
Tatum, Jamea, Lieutenant, do. 
Towles, Oliver, Lt Colonel, Virginia. 
Taylor, Richard, do. do. 

Temple, Benjamin, do. do. 

Trczvant, John, Surgeon, do. 
Trant, Lawrence, Captain, do. 
Tulliaferro, Benjamin, do. do. 
Terry, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Thomas, Lewis, do. - do. 

Throckmorton, Alb., Comet, do. 
TannehiU, Josiah, Lieut, do. 
Talliaferro, Nicholas, do. do. 
Tatum, Zechariah, do. do. 



Trabue, John, Ensign, Virginia. 
••Tabb, Augustine, do. do. 

Tilghman, Tench, Lt Col., Maryland. 
Tillard, Edward, do. do. 
TillotRon, Thomas, Surgeon, do. 
TannehiU, Adamson, Capt., do. 
Trueman, Alexander, do. do. 
Trneman, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Towson William, do. do. 
Tilton, James, Sui^eon, Delaware. 
Taylor, Christopher, Surg. Mate, Pa. 
Thompson, Joseph, do. do. 

Tudor, George, Mi^or, do. 

Talbott, Jeremiah, do. do. 

Tumbull, Charles, Captain, do. 

Talbott, Samuel, do. do. 

Thombury, Frauds, Lieut, do. 

Tilden, John B., do. do. 

Thompson, William, do. do. 

Tunison, Garrett, Surgeon, N. J. 
Tharp, John, Lieutenant, do. 
Thomas, Edward D., do. do. 
Tuttle, William, Ensign, do. 
Troup, Robert, Lieut Col., N. York. 
Trumbull, John, Dep. Adjt General, 

New York. 
Ten Eyok, John D., Captain, N.Y. 
Ten Broock, John C, do. do. 
'ntus, Jonathan, do. do. 

Taulman, Peter, do. do. 

Tiebout, Henry, do. do. 

Thompson, Alexander, Lieut, do. 
Tappan, Peter, do. do. 

Ten Eyok, Abraham, do. do. 
Thompson, Andrew, do. do. 
Talmadge, Samuel, do. do. 
Tuthill, Azariah, do. do. 

Tapp, William, do. do, 

Trumbull, Jona., Lt Col., Conn. 
Talmadge, Benjamin, Major, do. 
Throop, Benjamin, do. do. 
Ten Eyck, Henry, Captain, do. 
Taylor, Timothy, do. do. 
Trowbridge, John, Lieut, do. 
Thompson, Isaiah, do. do. 
Throop, John R., do. do. 



486 



OF1I1CEB8 ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



Turner, Ebeneier, lieat, Coim. 
Tifihny, laMth, do. do. 

TappcTi BeDJamin, Colonel, Mass. 
Thompson, Joseph, Lt. CoL, do. 
Tresoott, Lemael, Migor, do. 
Tftylor, Othniel, Gsptain, do. 
Thomas, Joseph, do. do. 

Thorp, Eliphslet, do. do. 

Trotter, John, do. do. 

Turner, Jonathan, do. do. 

Treadwell, Wm., do. do. 

Tisdale, James, do. do. 

Thatcher, James, Snrgeon, do. 
Thomp8on,Thaddeiis, do. do. 
Thomas, John, do. do. 

Townsend, David, do. do. 
Tapper, Anselem, Lieut., do. 
Tacker, Joseph, do. do. 

Trowbridge, Lather, do. do. 
Thatcher, Nathaniel, do. do. 
Taylor, Tertios, do. do. 

Tafts, Francis, do. do. 

Thayer, Bartholo., do. do. 
Town, Jacob, do. do. 

Torrey, William, do. do. 
Taylor, William, do. do. 
Tomer, Thomas, Captain, do. 
Tamer, Malbra, Lieutenant, do. 
Titcomb, Benjamin, Lt. Col., N. H. 
Tftulman, Thomas, Lieut., do. 
Tsylor, Nathan, do. do. 
Thompson, Joshua, do. do. 
Thomas, John, Major-general, Mass. 

Died at Chambli, May 80, 1776. 
Thomas, Joseph, Lieut. Colonel, New 

Hampshire. Killed at Bemis's 

Heights, Sept. 19, 1777. 
Turner, Jacob, Captain, N. C. Killed 

at German town, Oct. 4, 1777. 
Templeman, Andrew, Captain, Geo. 

Killed at the siege of Charleston, 

May 12, 1780. 



Vose, Joseph, Colonel, 
Vose, Elijah, Lieut Col., do. 
Vose, Thomas, Captain, do. 



Van Schaiok, Gooss^ Colonel, N.T. 

Variok, Richard, Lieut. Col. and Mas. 
Mr. Gen., New York. 

Van Dyck, Cora., Lt. Col, N. York. 

Van Woert, Henry, Lt and Qr. Mr., 
New York. 

Vosburg, Peter J., OapUin, N. Y. 

Van Rennselaer, Nicholas, do. do. 

Vandeburg, Henry, do. do. 

Van Bennselaer, Jeremiah, Lt, do. 

Vaoher, John F., Surgeon, do. 

Van Wolkenbarg, Barth., Lieut, do. 

Van Hovenbaraoh, Rudolph, Lt, do. 

Van Wagener, Tunis, Lieut, do. 

Vandeburgi Bartholomew, do. do. 

Van Home, David, Captain, do. 

Van Wagener, Garret, Surgeon, Pa. 

Van Lear, William, Captain, do. 

Van Home, Isaac, do. do. 

Vernon, Frederick, Major, do. 

Von Heer, Bartholomew, do. do. 

Vernon, Job, Captain, do. 

Van Court, John, Lieutenant, do. 

Vaughan, Joseph, Lieut. Col., Del. 

Vaughan, Joseph, Captidn, do. 

Vaughan, Cluborae, Surg. Mate, Va. 

Vanderwall, Marks, Lieutenant, do. 

Van Metre, Joseph, do. do. 

Vance, Robert, do. do. 

Vance, John, Lieutenant, N. Car. 

Viokers, Samuel, Surgeon, S. Car. 

Van Brunne, John De La, lieuten- 
ant, Md. Killed Sept 12, 1781. 

Voorhees, Peter, Captain, N. Jersey. 
Killed Get 26, 1779. 

Vaughan, William, Lieut, Delaware. 
Killed March 22, 1777. 

Van Vleiland, Cornelius, Lieutenant, 
Killed at the storming of Savan- 
nah, Oct 9, 1779. 

Warner, Seth, Colonel, N. Hampsh*e. 
Wheatoomb, Bonj., Major, do. 
Washburn, Azel, Surgeon, do. 
Walcott, Giles, Captain, do. 
Weare, Nathan, Lieutenant, do. 



OFFIOBKS ENTTTLKD TO HALF-PAY. 



487 



Wilkins, Robert B., lieak, N. H. 
Weason, James, Colonel, Mass. 

Whitney, Daniel, Lt. Col., do. 

"Whiteweil, Sam., Snrgeon, do. 

Warren, John, do." do. 

Winslow, Nathaniel, Mi^or, do. 

Wiley, John, do. do. 

Walker, Bobert, Captain, do. 

Woodbridge, Chris., do. do. 

White, Hatfield, do. do. 

Williams, Abraham, do. do. 

Williams, John, do. do. 

White, Moses, do. do. 

Webb, George, do. do. 

Wattles, Mason, do. do. 

Williams, Joseph, do. do. 

Wataon, William, do. do. 

Wade, Abner, do. do. 

Wiggles worth, Wm., do. do. 

Whitney, John, laeatenant, do. 

White, Solomon, do. do. 

White j Edward, do. do. 

Whlto, Henry, do. do. 

Warren, Adriel, do. do. 

Wells, James, do. do. 

Williams, Bobert, do. do. 

Williams, Eben., da do. 

Warren, John, do. do. 

Walker, Edward, do. do. 

Willtngton, Eliaha, do. do. 

Webber, Daniel, do. do. 

Wales, Joseph, do. do. 

Wilds, Ebenecer, do. do. 

Wells, Benjamin, do. do. 

Wing, Jonathan, Ensign, do. 

Wardell, Joseph, do. do. 

Waterman, Jedediah, do. do. 

Ward, Samuel, Lt. Col., B. Island. 

Wheaton, Joseph, Lieut., do. 

^eloh, John, do. do. 

Webb, Samuel B., Colonel, Conn. 

Wyllis, Samuel, do. do. 

WatrouA, John B., Surgeon, do. 
Woodbridge, Theod., Migor, do. 

Wyllia, JohnP., do. do. 

Waldridge, Amos, do. do. 



Wright, Joseph A., Major, Conn. 
Warner Robert, do. do. 

Webb, John, Captain, do. 
Wadsworth, Elijah, do. do. 
Walker, Joseph, do. do. 
Webb, Nathaniel, doi do. 
Weed, Thaddeus, do. do. 
Wells, Boger, do. dow 

Williams, Sam. W., do. doi 
Wooleut, Eraatns, do. do. 
White, John, Lieut, do. 

Wiloox, Joseph, do. do. 
Whiting, Nath. H., do. da 
Woodward, Peter, do. do. 
Whiting, Fred. J., do. do. 
WetseU, Michael, do. do. 
Williams, Henry, A., do. do« 
Wales, Ebenezer, da da 
Whitney, Joshua, do. do. 
Walmeley, William, Ensign, do. 
White, Anthony Walton, Col., N. T. 
Weisenfels, Frederick, Lt. Col., da 
Willett, Bfarinus, do. do. 

Wendell, Jacob H., Lt and A^j., da 
Woodruff, Samuel, Surgeon, do. 
Woodruff, Henlock, do. da 

Wendell, John H., Captain, da 
Wright, Jaoob, do. do. 

Welp, Anthony, da do. 

Wright, Jotham, Lieutenant, do. 
Woodruff, Epbraim, do. do. 
Weisenfels, Charles F., do. do. 
Willson, Bobert, Ensign, do. 

White, Andrew, Lieutenant, do. 
Wetherby, Benj., Captain, N. J. 
Weyman, Abel, do. da 
Walker, George, Lieut., do. 
Whitlock, Ephiaim, do. do. 
Wayne, Anthony, Brig. Gen., Penn. 
Weaver, Jacob, Captain, do. 
Woelper, John D., do. do. 
Wilkins, Bobert, do. do. 

Wilson, James, do, do. 
Walker, Andrew, do. do. 
Wilson, William, do. do. 
Wilklna, John, Snr. Mate, do. 



438 



OFFI01CB8 ENTITLED TO HALF-PAY. 



"Whmrry, Robt, 8ur. Mate, Penn. 
Weidman, John, Lieut, do. 
Weitzell, Jacob, do. do. 

Wigton, John, do. do. 

White, Franois, do. do. 

"Ward, John, do. do. 

Webster, John B., do. do. 
Wilson, John, Captain, Delaware. 
Williams, Otbo H., Brig. Gen., Md. 
Weltner, Lodowiok, Colonel, do. 
Woolford, Thomas, do. do. 
Winder, Levin, Lieut. Col., do. 
Williams, Lylbom W., Capt, do. 
Watkins, Gassaway, do. do. 

Winchester, James, do. do. 

Waters, Biohard, do. do. 

Warfield, Walter, Surgeon, do. 
Wilkinson, Toung, Lieutenant, do. 
Ware, Fraucis, do. do. 

Wilmott, Eobert, do. do. 

Wright, Nathan, do. do. 

Winchester, George, do. do. 
Waring, Bazel, do. do. 

Weedon, Geo., Brig. Gen., Virginia. 
Woodford, Wm., do. do. 

Wood, James, Colonel, do. 
White, Anthony W., do. do. 
Washington, Wm., Lt. CoL, do. 
Wallace, Gustavus B., do. do. 
Warmook, Frederick, do. do. 
Webb, John, do. do. 

Wagoner, Andrew, Major, do. 
Willis, John, do. do. 

Wallace, James, Surgeon, do. 
West, Charles, Migor, do. 
Woodson, Tarleton, do. do. 
Wright, James, Captain, do. 
Watts, John, do. do. 

Woodson, Robert, do. do. 
Warman, Thomas, do. do. 
White, William, do. do. 
Williams, James, do. do. 
Wallace, James, Lieutenant, do. 
White, John, do. do. 

Worsham, Richard, do. do. 
Washington, Geo. A., do. do. 



Walters, Richard, Lieut, Virginia. 
Walker, David, do. do. 

Winlock, Joseph, do. do. 
Whiting, Francis, do. do. 
Wilson, Willis, do. do. 

Wallace, William B., do. do. 
Williams, David, do. do. 
WhitUker, William, do. do. 
Walton, William, Captain, N. Car. 
Williams, William, do. do. 

Williams, Nathaniel, do. do. 

Williamson, John, do. S. Oar 
Warley, George, do. do. 

Warley, Felix, do. do. 

Warley, Joseph, do. do. 

Wickley, John, do. do. 

Ward, John P., Lieutenant, do. 
Ward, William, do. do. 

Withers, William E., Ensign, do. 
Wright, John G., Surgeon, Georgia. 
Wagnon, John P., Lieut, do. 
Warren, Joi^eph, Major Gen., Mass. 

Killed at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
Wooster, David, Mi^'or Gen., Conn. 

Mortally wounded at the invasion 

of Danbury by Tryon's forces, Apr. 

27,1777. Died May 2, 1777. 
Wilmott, William, Captiun, Mary'd. 

Killed by a British foraging party 

in a skirmish on John^s Island, 8. 

C, Nov. 14, 1782. The blood of 

Capt Wilmott was the last spilled 

in battle in the Revolution. 
Woodhull, Nathaniel, General, N. Y. 

Died Sept. 20, 1776, from a wound 

received in battle on Long Island. 
Wilson, Jonathan, Captain, Mass. 

Killed at Concord, April 19, 1775. 
Walker, Benjamin, Captain. Killed 

at Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
Wise, Samuel, M^or, S. Car. Killed 

at Savannah, Oct 9, 1779. 
Witherspoon, James, Brigade-migor. 

Killed at Germantown, Oct 4, 1777. 
Williams, Nathan, Lieut, Maryland. 

Killed at Camden, ^ag. 16, 1780. " 



FOBEIOH OFFI0SB8. 



439 



Wallace, Andrew, Captdn, VirfpnU. 

Killed at the battle of Gailford, 

March 15, 1781. 
Wilson, John, Lieutenant, Virginia. 

Silled at Eataw Springs, Sept. 8, 

1781. 
Wait, Joseph, Lieutenant Col IMed 

Sept. 28, 177«. 
Webster, Aoms, Lieutenant. B&ed 

Oct. 7, 1777. 
Whiting, Charles, Captain. Killed 

July 16, 1779. 



Teomans, John, Lieutenant, ] 
Tonng, Joseph, Surgeon, New York. 
Toung, Guy, Captain, do. 

Young, Marcus, Lieutenant, Penn. 
Yates, George, Surgeon^s Mate, Va. 
Yanoey, Leighton, Captain, do. 
Yanoey, Robert, do. do. 

Yoong, Henry, do. do. 

Yarborough, Charles, Lieut., do. 
Tarboroogk, Edward, Captain, H. C. 



Foreign Officers in the Bbyolutionart Seryiob of thk United 

States. 



Baron DeKalb, of Germany. KlUed 
at Camden, 'Aug. 16, 1780. 

Connt Caaimir Pulaski, of Lithuania 
in Polaad. Killed at Savannah, 
Oct 9, 1779. 

Lieut CoL Baron De Boze, of Pulas- 
ki's Legion. Killed at Egg Harbor, 
in 1778. 

Ferdinand J. 8. De Brahm, Miyor «f 
Engineers. 

Thaddeus Kosdusko, of Poland. 

Lewis Du Pontier, Captain. 

Le Bnu De Belleoeur, Captain. 

Chevalier De Fontiveaox, Lieutenant 

James Decatours, do. 

James MoDougall, Comet 

Peter Baffenoau, do. 

CharlMBotfa,: 



Felix Tezier, Surgeon. 
Marquis De La Fayette, Major Gen. 
Oeont De Beohambeau, General-in- 
Chief. 
Count Deuxponts, Col. of Infaptiy. 
Duke De Lavel M<mtmoren<^, CoL 
Count Caustine, Colonel. 
Duke De Lauzum, Col of Cavahry. 
General Choisy. 
Viscount Viomenil. 
Marquis De St Simon. 
Count Fersen, Aid-de-Campu 
Coont Charles Dataaa. 
Marquis De Chastellux. 
Baron De Viomenil. 
Count De Grasse, Admind. 
Count De Barras, do. 
Count De Estaing, do. 



REMARKS ON THE HALF-PAY ACmr-THE RISE AND PROOSB3S 
OF THE REVOLUTION.— THE END, ETC 



On reference to the act of October 21, 1780, and other subse- 
qoent acts, it will be perceived that the Continental Congress cre- 
ated a national debt for the purpose of carrjring on a war waged 
against the country for the purpose of bringing it into uncondition- 
al subjection to a foreign tyrant. This national debt was made due 
and payable to all military officers who would espouse the cause of 
the country, engage in the war, and continue therein to the end. 

The Revolutionary war, in opposition to the encroachments of 
Great Britain on the civil rights of the American Colonies, com- 
menced on the 19th April, 1776, by the shedding of human blood 
at Lexington, in the State of Massachusetts, and finally closed with 
the evacuation of New York by the British, on the 25th November, 
1783. As the news of war spread with the velocity of the hurri- 
cane, it roused the energies of the soul to the highest tone of feel- 
ing, and to deeds of the most lofty action. The lawgiver left the 
senate-house, the lawyer the court, the judge the bench, the me- 
chanic his shop, the husbandman his plough, and rushed forward to 
the seat of danger ; while the wild war-cry of vengeance took the 
wings of the tempest 

The time bad come when all must " hang together*^ in one com- 
mon cause, or else ^^hang separately ^ They hung together, ce- 
mented by the great principle, that, " Whenever any form of gov- 
ernment becomes destructive of its ends, it is the right of the people 
to alter or abolish it." The bright star of victory led them onward 
and onward, through the dark shades of war, casting light and 
hope athwart the path of the war-worn American soldier. 

On the 6th July, 1775, the Provincial Congress announced its 
intention to resist Great Britain in the following words : " We are 
reduced to the alternative of choosing an unconditional submission 



cat TH« HALF-PAT ACTS, ETO. 441 

to tbe tyrannj of wicked ministers, or resistance by force'. The 
latter is our choice. We have counted the cost of this contest, and 
find nothing so dreadful as voluntary slavery." 

On the 4th of July, 1776, the same Congress, within hearing of 
the fierce thunders of war, declared that these United Colonies 
are, and of right ought to be, free and independent. But where 
now was the revenue of the country t How shall this infant nation 
procure the means of driving from her soil her cruel invaders ? A 
weU-fed, numerous, and powerfal foe were about taking possession 
of the strong-holds of the country to awe into subjection the patriot 
anny. Commerce had already been driven from her harbors, and 
her vessels captured and plundered on the high seas. *' Appealing 
to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of her inten- 
tions,'' she sent forth Commissioners ^in the name and by the 
authority of the good people of these United Colonies" to negotiate 
loans from friendly powers, to replenish the military chests of the 
country, and provide the means of war. Means were provided, plans 
of operation were matured, the war went on, and patriots flocked 
to the standard. 

On the 16th September, 1776, Congress promised land. Hiis 
encouraged enlistments, increased the ranks, and new light enlight- 
ened the cause. This land, however, was promised for services to 
the end of the war ; but distant as the reward appeased, thousands, 
hoping to realize it, left private fortunes to sufier at home, and came 
up to the aid of the nation. 

The war progressed. Dark clouds often hung over and obscured 
the American cause. The patriot army were often found fleeing 
before a dark and powerful British host, yet sullen and dangerous 
in its flight By deeds of daring, sanguinary battles, and miracu- 
lous escapes from destruction, the American army, still bearing her 
cause in characters of blood on her banners, reached the eventful 
period of 1780. 

In the spring of this year, a great portion of the army, whose 
terms of enlistment for three years had expired, were about to leave 
the array, and abandon the cause of liberty as hopeless. Time had 
not yet obliterated the remembrance of the gloomy encampment at 

19» 



448 GK THB HALF-PAT ACFB, Eia 

Valley Forge. Traitors were abroad in the land, who, with the in- 
sidious tory, conducted fearful conspiracies against the cause of 
liberty. Officers could not maintain themselves with proper de- 
cency in the service, and resignations, actual and threatened, were 
frequent, much dreaded, and deplored. The enemy, ever vigilant 
and active, conspired to weaken and thin the American ranks by 
encouraging desertion. The arch-traitor and prototype of the infa- 
mous Catiline, had raised his arm to blast forever, with one fell 
swoop, the struggling germ of liberty in America ; but that ^ Su- 
preme Judge of the world," to whom the voice of patriotism had 
ascended for the justice of its intentions, in mercy averted the blow, 
and hurled the fiend and his foul instrumentality in fury down, and 
the same army, which had been made the devoted object of de- 
struction, halted at Tappan, and suspended between heaven and 
earth the deluded instrument by which the downfall of liberty had 
been attempted. 

Amid those impending evils, the Commander-in-Ohie^ prolific in 
expedients, suggested a remedy as follows : " I have no scruple in 
declaring that I most firmly believe the independence of the United 
States never will be established till there is an army on foot /or the 
war," 

On the 2l8t of October, 1780, seventeen days afker those words 
were penned. Congress resolved : ^ That the officers who shall con- 
tinue in service to the end of the war shall be entitled to half-pay 
during life, to commence with the time of their reduction." Here 
Congress entered into a solemn contract with the officers of the 
army, and on the feith of the Colonies therein represented, created 
a national deht^ which could not be annulled, or discharged by any 
subsequent legislation, except by an act giving a full and perfect 
equivalent for the half-pay for life. As the value of an annual sal- 
ary cannot be calculated in the lifetime of the annuitant, no equiv- 
alent therefore can be rendered for it Some officers did by their 
memorial solicit a commutation of their half-pay for an equivalent^ 
but Congress, by its act of March 22, 1*783, reserved to itself the 
power of determining that equivalent ; and as no equivalent could 
be equitably calculated, the memorial of the officers should have 



OH THB HALF-PAY AOfB, ETO. 448 

been rejected, as a proposition admitting of no equitable groands of 
action. The officers asked for a JUh, bat Congress gave them a 
*tone. They received as the commutation of their half-pay securi- 
ties on interest, which they supposed to be a fish, but when offered 
for sale, brought only the price of a stone, and therefore must have 
been the equivalent of a stone. It is true the officer thankfully re- 
ceived his commutation certificate, thinking that in the worst view 
of the case he ought to get for it the full value, less the interest, 
that would accrue. But Congress fixed no time for the payment of 
those certificates. The officer carried about in his pocket a certifi- 
cate from the Continental treasury stating that ^y^ years' full pay, 
with interest, from November 4, 1783, was due him, which he of- 
fered for sale. But, says the capitalist, when is it to be paid, and 
by whom 9 Some military leader may spring up and plunge the 
country into another war. The stock is unsafe. 

These certificates, immediately after their issue, sank in value, 
and at once reached a depreciation of eight dollars for one in spe- 
cie; and from the close of the war in 1788 to the organization of 
the government under the new constitution in 1787, no man could 
tell how or when those certificates were to be redeemed. In 1790 
and 1791, they were funded in a stock bearing three per cent in- 
terest, and were finally paid in full by the government, but not until 
the officer had lost all his interest in ihem, by circumstances brought 
about by the condition of his country, over which he could have 
no control. 

As the commutation act of March 22, 1783, was a failure, and 
did not discharge any legal obligations entered into by Congress, 
it therefore becomes the duty of the country to revive the half-pay 
acts of the Continental Congress, and restore to the revolutionary 
officer, his heirs, or legal representatives, the benefits of the origi- 
nal contracts. Petitions for the revival of these half-pay acts have 
been before Congress ever since 1790. Congress having restored 
some officers to the benefits of the act of October 21, 1780, by spe- 
cial acts of August 11, 1790, and subsequently, a precedent is 
formed for the others. But it may be said that the act of August 
11, 1790, was a pension act alpne. Tlfis coi^ld not have been the 



444 OH 'fHlB HALF-PjLT AdB, STC. 

case with respect to officers who served to the end of Uie war, lor 
all officers, as well as privates, under the namerons general acts 
prior to the act of 1790, were entitled to pensions for wounds re- 
ceived in the service according to their degree of disahility, and no 
special legislation was therefore necessary, except to revive the act 
of October 21, 1780, and require the recipient of its benefits to re- 
fund the amount of commutation awarded him bj the provisions of 
the act of March 22, 1788. 

Many officers and privates, per ^)ecial acts from 1790 to 1800, 
and subsequently, were placed on the pension-rolls, but it will be 
observed at once that officers who served to the end of the war, 
were not, by the spirit of the law, really pensioned, but restored to 
their half-pay by refunding their commutation. This was done be- 
cause ihe degree of disability of the officer would not, under the 
existing invalid pension laws of the day, entitle him to an annual 
rate of pension equal to his half-pay. He therefore petitioned to 
be restored to his half-pay by refundiDg his commutatioD, because 
this was more beneficial to him than would have been the pension 
to which he would have been entitled under existing laws. 

It, of course, is admitted that to invalids alone the acts of 1790 
restored the half-pay, but it must be seen that the invalid officer 
had pension laws in his favor, and sometimes sums of money grant- 
ed him, while the other officers had nothing to lean upon for the 
least aid. The invalid officer, therefore, while pension laws existed 
in his favor, had no more right to a restoration of his half-pay than 
another who had not been wounded in the service. AH the officers 
and privates were seriously disabled in the service, and were dis- 
qualified from returning to the pursuit of peaceful occupations afkr 
the hardships of an eight years* war, with any of ihe advantage and 
success which they previously enjoyed. 

In the luring of 1808 the subject of the revival of the half-pay 
acts of the old Congress was earnestly agitated. Circulars were 
sent through the country, bearing the signatures of distinguished 
Eevolutionaiy officers, which formed the basis of a general petition 
to Congress in 1810, from which the following is gathered : "By a 
resolution of Congress, passed the 11th of August, 1779, it was o^ 



ON TH» HALF-PAY ACTPS, HTPO. 445 

dained, ^That the half-pay provided by the resolution of the 15th 
May, 1778, be extended to continue for life ;' and on the 2 2d March, 
1783, it was resolved, 'That such officers as are now in service, and 
shall continue therein to the end of the war, shall be entitled to re- 
ceive the amount of five years' full pay in money or securities on 
interest at six per cent per annum, as Congress shall find most con- 
venient, instead of the half-pay promised for life.' 

''The circumstances under which the proposal of commtftation 
originated and was partially acceded to, the desperate state of pub- 
lic credit, and the imperious Decessity which compelled many of the 
holders of certificates of public debt to part with them at a price fi&r 
below their nominal value, are too well known to require a lecapit- 
Illation. 

"That the benevolent intentions of the Congress of 1779 have 
not been realized, that many meritorious (^cers bowed down with 
infirmities and advanced in years are now struggling with adversity, 
are facts so notorious as of late to attract the public attention. 

" So equitable is the claim on the honor and fiiith of Oovemment 
to make good the original promise ; so great the zeal latterly dis- 
played in Congress on this interesting subject, and so ample are the 
means of full remuneration, that it has been deemed proper by a 
number of Revolutionary officers, to call the attention of their breth- 
ren in the several States, and to suggest the expediency of a memo- 
rial on the subject being prepared in each State, circle, or district, 
during the recess of Congress, to bfr presented to the Senate and 
House of Representatives as soon as circumstances will permit after 
their next meeting." 

This language bears the signatures of no less distinguished offi- 
cers than Colonel Stephen Bayard, Colonel Isaac Craig, and Surgeon 
William Magaw, of the Pennsylvania Line, and Captain Adamson 
Taunehill, of Maryland, and speaks forth a true history of the times 
not to be misunderstood. 

There has not been a session of Congress in the history of the 
Government under the New Constitution, at which the subject of 
the restoration of the half-pay acts of the old Congress has not been 
brought up in some shape or other ; and at the first session of the 



446 ON THE HALF-PAT ACTS, JCTC. 

thirty-fourth Congress, the following bill in substance, for the resto* 
ration of the half-pay for life, passed the House of Bepresentatiyefl^ 
but was lost in the Senate at the second session : 

" An Act to provide for the Settlement of the Claims of the Officers 
of the Revolutionary Army, and of the Widows and Orphan 
Children of those who died in the Service. 

^£eit enacted by the Senate and House of Bepresentatwee cf the 
United States of America in Congress assembled^ That the officen 
of the army of the Revolution, who were entitled to half-pay for 
life under the resolutions of Congress of the dd and 21st of October, 
1780, the 17th of January, 1781, the 8th of May, 1781, and the 8th 
of March, 1785, shall be entitled to receive the same, although such 
officer may have received, in lieu thereof the conmiutation of full 
pay for five years, under the resolution of Congress of the 22d of 
March, 1783. 

""Sec. 2. And be it /urther enacted, That it shall be the duty of 
the proper accounting officer of the Treasury, when applied to for 
that purpose by any one who by this act is entitled to receive, or 
his or her guardian, to ascertain what is due to such officer, from 
the time he became entitled to the said half-pay until his death, if 
that occurred before the 8d day of March, 1826; but if he died af- 
ter that time, then up to the 8d day of March, 1826. 

Seo. 8. And be it further enacted. That it shall be the duty of 
the Secretary of the Treasury, when the amount due to an officer 
has been ascertained, as aforesaid, to pay the same, as hereinafter 
directed, after deducting therefrom the amount received for com- 
mutation, under the resolution of the 22d of March, 1783. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the benefit of the resolu- 
tion of the 24th of August, 1780, shall be extended to the widows 
and orphan children of all officers who died in the service at any 
period during the war of the Revolution, whether such officers be- 
longed to the Continental Line, or to any volunteer corps called 
into service under the authority of any State, but no payment shall 
be made under this clause, except to the widows and orphan chil* 
dren of such deceased officers. 



ON THE HALF-PAY A0T8, ETO. 447 

^ Sso. 5. And he it further enacted, That SorgeoDs' Mates shall 
be entitled to the benefit of the resolution of the 17th of January, 
1781, and receive the same pay as hospital physicians and sur- 
geons. 

** Seo. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the dnty of 
the Secretary of War, under the direction, and with the approba- 
tion of the President of the United States, to prescribe such rules of 
evidence as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of 
this act, according to its true intent and meaning. 

*^ Seo. 7. And be it Jurther enacted. That all payments made by 
authority of this act shall be without interest 

** Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That in every case the said 
accounting officer, before he shall order any claim to be paid, shall 
require satisfactory proof that the person or persons, in whose name 
the same may be presented, is or are the bona fide owner or owners 
thereof, and that the claim has not been sold, transferred, pledged, 
or mortgaged, or any part thereof, to any person or persons, whom- 
soever ; and all sales, transfers, mortgages, or pledges of any such 
claims are hereby declared void, and of no effect whatever. 

^ Seo. 9. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not ex- 
tend to the case of any officer, or his representatives, who have re- 
ceived half-pay for life under any special act of Congress. 

** Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That all persons who ap- 
ply and receive the benefit of this act, shall receive the same in 
full satisfaction of all claims under any of the resolutions of Con- 
gress hereinbefore recited, and for all losses alleged to have been 
sustained by depreciation in the value of the certificates received 
as commutation under the resolution of Congress of the 22d of 
March, 1788. 

Sxc. 11. And be it further enacted, That all claims which shall 
be allowed under the 1st and 5th Sections of this act shall be paid 
to the officer, if alive, and if he be dead, to his widow and children 
equally, and if there be no widow living, then to his child, children, 
or grand-children — the issue of any deceased child taking among 
them the share of their deceased parent — and to no other persons. 

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted. That this act shall continue 



448 OH THS HACF^AT ACn, VSO* 

and be oi force for the term of ten years, and no longer, and aU 
claims not presented, with the evidence, for their adjndicadon withr 
in that time shall be forever barred*" 

On reference to the preceding list of Continental officers who 
died in service, and who continued in service to the end of the war, 
the names of those officers whose heirs are entitled to the benefits 
of the preceding bill will be seen ; and should the bill pass Con- 
gress and become a law, they, or any other persons int^ested lor 
tiiem, may determine their clakn, on reference to the rank of the 
officer, and to the pay-table of the Continraital army, given in a 
preceding page. 

The acts of the Continental Congress to which the Ist, 4th, and 
6th Sections of this bill refer are given in this work ; and in order 
to understand the 2d Section, it will be necessary to quote an act 
of Congress approved May 15, 1828, which is as follows: 

" Be it enacted by the Senate and ffouae of BepresentaUves of ike 
United States of Americoy in Congress assembled^ That each of the 
surviving officers of the army of the Revolution, in the Continental 
lane, who was entitled to half-pay by the resolve of October 21, 
1780, be authorized to receive, out of any money in the treasnry 
not otherwise appropriated, the amount of his full pay in said line, 
according to his rank in the line, to begin on the dd day of March, 
1826, and to continue during his natural life : Provided^ That un- 
der this act no officer shall be entitled to receive a larger sum than 
the full pay of a captain in said line.'' 

Attorney-general Wirt, in his opinion under date of the 12th of 
February, 1825, fixes the close of the Revolutionary war at the 
ratification of the definitive treaty of peace, April 23, 1788 ; but in 
the adjustment of commutation claims under act March 22, 1788, 
originating in the act of October 21, 1780, the war is considered 
as having closed with the final disbanding of the troops, November 
3, 1783, and consequently the five years' full pay referred to in the 
act of March 22, 1783, commenced November 4, 1 783. Five years* 
full pay being equal to ten years' half-pay, the officers by their 
commutatiim certificates received their ten years' half-pay from Nov. 



ON THB HALP-PAT ACTS, ETO. 449 

4, 1788, to November 4, 1798, therefore the half-pay bill pending 
in Congress proposes to give the officer his half-pay from November 
4, 1793, where the commutation certificate dropped him, to March 
8, 1826, where the act of May 16, 1828, took him up — or it pro- 
poses to give him his half-pay from November 4, 1788, to March 
8, 1826, deducting his five years' fiill pay or ten years' half-pay per 
act March 22, 1783. It must, however, be recollected, that where 
the officer died before March 8, 1826, his heirs will only receive his 
half-pay from November 4, 1 798, to the day of his death ; and 
when the officer died between November 4, 1788, and November 4, 
1798, his heirs will receive nothing, because the commutation cer- 
tificate has covered the whole period. But it is the meaning and 
spirit of the pending bill, as expressed in the report which accom- 
panies it, that the half-pay of the officer shall commence from the 
time of his reduction^ which means the time he quit the service. 
Many officers were reduced and retired from the service, or became 
supernumerary under the various arrangements of the army from 
1778 to 1788, so that, if the officer died at any period within ten 
years after the time of his reduction, his heirs are not now entitled 
to any thing, for, as before stated, the commutation certificate has 
covered the ground. 

Section 4 of the bill will be almost, if not entirely inoperative, 
for there are at this day but few relicts of officers who lost their 
lives prior to 1782. Some children may be found. This section, 
it will be seen, is not confined to Contthental officers alone, like the 
others, but gives the pay to the officers of any corps called into ser- 
vice by the authority of any State, such as militia, d;c. 

If any officer, living at the passage of the act of May 15, 1828, 
was not entitled to pension under that act, his heirs will have no 
claim under this bill should it become a law ; because the said bill 
and the act of 1828 both have their foundation in the half-pay acts 
of the Continental Congress. But should Congress, instead of the 
whole amount of the commutation certificate, determine to deduct 
what it sold for only, then all will get something 

Senator Crittenden, of Kentucky, on the subject of the bill in 
question, and relative to the act of March 22, 1788, remarks : 



460 OH THE HAU^PAT AOIB, ETTO. 

^ What was the condition of the government when it made this 
proposition to the officers ? They came out of the war victorious 
and naked. They came out of the war triumphant and penniless. 
The government was in no condition to execute its obligations- 
Promises of half-pay they could not satisfy. They sought for them- 
selves some little exemption and procrastination of this obligation 
by giviDg the promise of full pay for five years, the payment of the 
principal to be postponed for ten years. By these hopes your 
needy, naked, and hungry officers, as many of them were, were 
tempted to accept the terms. They have received the commutation. 
K they give credit for that on the account, when you become able 
and prosperous, where is there any restraint in the Constitution to 
prevent your satisfying your sense of moral obligation by paying 
the full balance ? Is it no debt, because it is not recoveraUe by 
law ? No national debt is recoverable by law. The creditor must 
depend on the sovereignty and on the gratitude of the government. 
It is to measure its own obligation. There is no legal tribunal be- 
fore which you could go and drag this nation to answer. Yowr 
courts of lav have decided thai, as to a deht barredy and which is no 
longer ome of legal obligation, if the party promise to pay it, the pre- 
vious debt, barred though U be, is an ample consideration for the sub- 
sequent promise. That was your condition. You were unable to 
pay, as you had promised, half-pay for life ; you gave something 
like security for a smaller sum. Your honest creditor accepted it 
You have paid that ; and if you feel any moral obligation to do 
80, you are able to pay the balance. Will you do it ? It is not a 
case of mere gratuity, certainly, nor a case of a mere debt of grati- 
tude. That is not it ; it is a money obligation, which, under your 
invitation, your creditor departed firom, and took for it that whidi 
was not an ample consideration — that which was not a fair equiva- 
lent Half-pay for life was given up for full-pay for five yeats. 
Now, when the government is rich and prosperous, and abundantly 
able to pay, the House of Representatives, at least, have said, * We 
will settle with these men fairly ; we will credit them for the sum 
they received as full pay for five years, and if there be any of the 
half-pay for life due to any of them, we will pay that' I say this 



f 



ON THB HALF-PAY ACTS, ETO. 451 



IB not a gratuity. There was a moral obligation, a high obligation, 
to satisfy this debt of the RevolntioD. It was oat of that we de- 
rived oar Yery being as an independent and sovereign government. 
We may well look back on all the transactions of that day as some- 
mrhat more hallowed than the ordinary transactions of life, or even 
the ordinary transactions of government It was a sacred genera- 
tion ; a day sacred to liberty. Every thing belonging to it ought 
to be sanctified in our view and to our feelings. 

^ I beg gentlemen to recollect that it was under a resolution of 
1783 that this commutation of five years' full pay was accepted ; 
and it was ten years fi^m that time before the principal became due. 
What was the condition of those certificates during that time ? 
The country was under the government of the Confederation, a 
weak and feeble government, impoverished, without power and 
without means. What was to be its destiny the wisest men could 
not tell — ^the wisest could not foresee ; and the humblest and the 
most uninformed might well dread its termination — ^its falling to 
pieces from mere inability and want of cohesion at any time. They 
accepted these certificates, payable ten years afterwards. Of credit 
it had none. What was the value of a certificate payable ten years 
afterwards upon such a security ? Could prompt payment be cal- 
culated upon at the time it fell due f Was it calculated upon, or 
did iheae certificates depreciate to a mere nominal value ? They 
did so depreciate. What was the needy soldier to do ? He was 
no longer in the army ; his means consisted in his certificate, per- 
kaps nothing or little else. What was he to do with it, and what 
did he in point of hct do with it? Nine out of ten sold these 
certificates for a nominal price. They were afterwards funded by 
the government, to be sure, after the adoption of the present Con- 
atitution ; but during that term of ten years they depreciated day 
by day, and were sold for what the poor officer could get for thera.^ 

** George Washington," says Senator Seward, of New York, ** by 
temper, knowledge, and impartiality, was qualified to be witness, 
advocate, and umpire between the officers of the army of the Rev- 
olution and the American government and people. In all human 
history, he is the only man who could acceptably fill and discharge 



469 OS THK II ALP-PAT ACT8, ETC. 

the duties of these conflicting characters. I have therefore ab* 
stained from drawing into the case any facts or arguments, or an* 
thorities, other than those derived from his own immortal words. 
Standing on them, I claim that the half-pay for life pledged to the 
officers was a debt, a just debt, a constitutional one, with ail the 
attributes of a common debt ; and that it was more than a cammon 
debt — a debt of honor and of gratitude, the equivalents of which 
were the blood of the officers and the ind^>endence of the country; 
that it was a perpetual debt, thereibre, which could never be can- 
celled until it was fully and fiiirly paid. It was not fully and fairly 
paid by the promise of commutation ; which promise was new 
executed, nor attempted to be executed, until after nine yeairs' {hv- 
crasdnation, in no degree resulting from any &ult of the officen, 
but solely from the misfortunes and embarrassments of the oountry 
which was the debtor ; and that when the attempt to execute it 
was then made, the payment made reached only those brokers who 
had speculated in the rain of the officers, and not the officers them- 
selves, who were the creditors. 

" I reject &e idea of a contract or bargain between the crediton 
and the country in the transaction of commutation, for there was 
no equality of position or advantage between the parties. Their 
relations were reversed. The army had been the defenders of the 
country — the country had now become the protector and guardian 
of the army. I agree that the embarrassments of the country ex- 
cused it from paying or sustaining the commutation certificatet 
nine years, and that it did wisely and well in then paying them to 
the holders ; but the debt being one of gratitude and honor, it re- 
mained, nevertheless, and remained due to the officers who, under 
the pressure of poverty, resulting from the pubUc distress — not any 
fault of their own — ^bad sold their certificates for nominal values. 
The obligation to pay the officers, or to reimburse them to the ex- 
tent of their annuities for life, revived with the renewe<^or reetored 
ability and strength of the country. In the blaze of the revolu- 
tionary light now thrown upon the subject, the subtilties and re- 
finements which have obscured and perplexed it disappear ; such m 
this, that equal debts are due to other dasees of officers more meii* 



ON THIB HALF-PAT ACTS, BTC. 498 

torioiM than those now to be paid; that equal debts are due 
to the militia and to the common creditors of the conntry ; that it 
(mgbt to be paid, not to the children of the officers, but to the offi- 
cers themsdvee ; and if to children, then equally to grandchildren, 
when children do not survive ; and that it ought to be paid neither 
to tiie officers nor to the children, but to the creditors ; and that 
some persons who are rich and great will be made richer by an act 
whose general operation will be to benefit and bless the poor and 
lowly, and that some of the officers who, in the persons of their 
children, will be the recipients of this benefaction, were personally 
unworthy, and that agents and speculators will profit by it The 
bill stands <m the policy estabUshed by Washington, after a full trial 
rf opposing theories and speculations. 

'^ So far as practicable, consistently with reconciling conflicting 
Directions, the bill is guarded against alleged abuses and dangers. 
£ither these claims stand on the basis of a moral obligation which 
imperatively requires the assumption of Congress, or they stand on 
the basis of a debt actually existing, but needing provision for its 
payment In either case Congress may rightfully direct the dis- 
charge of the obligation or the debt in the manner most agreeable 
to equity and good conscience. To those, if there be any, who 
cannot consent to pay these claims, amounting in the aggregate to 
two and a half millions, because they fear that many others will re- 
main unpaid, I recall the sorrow of Lord Bacon on a similar occa- 
sion : * Would to God that I were hooded, that I saw less, or that 
I could perform more, for now I see occasion of service, but cannot 
fly, because I am tied to another fist* To those, if any, who shall 
object the lapse of time, I reply, in the language of one who, 
though he had served his king too well, and was starving on his 
unperformed engagements, was rebuked for unreasonable importu- 
nity : ' Your good promises sleep, which it may seem now no time 
to awaken, but that I do not find any general calendar of observa- 
tion of time serveth for a court.' To those, if there be such, who 
know no policy in the finance of a free country always prosperous 
and rich because always at peace, but that parsimony which unjust- 
ly confiscates in civil administration that it may have the necessary 



464 THE XTNTTBD STATES COVKT OF CLAIMS. 

means for war and oppression, I beg leave to say, that it was justlj 
held in Rome that a State was contained in two words, praemiuM 
and poena, and that this principle has come to be a part of our own 
religion by our acceptance of the precept which teaches iJiat gor- 
emors are sent by the Supreme Ruler for the punishment of evil 
doers, and for the praise of them that do well. 

** Mr. President, we have framed statues of brass and iron which 
present Washington to the beholder as a general, as a statesman, as 
a magistrate, and as a citizen. We have pierced the skies with 
monuments of marble and of granite in honor of his name. We 
have imposed it upon villages, towns, cities, a State, and a c^xital 
that is becoming the glory of the world ; but, if I do not altogether 
mistake his genius, the fulfilment of his predictions and promises^ — 
made when he was taking leave of the companions of his labors 
and sufierings, that this country would be just, and would ultimate- 
ly redeem the pledges it had given them, — will be more acceptable 
to his serene and awful shade than all the tributes which have been 
paid, and all that are yet to be paid, by a redeemed nation Imd a 
grateful world." 



4*» 



THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

Half-pat claims, under the various resolutions of the Continental 
Congress have been, and now are being prosecuted in the United 
States Court of Claims, sitting at Washington, ever since its estab- 
lishment by Congress, and interest is charged by the claimants per 
act June 3, 1784, on each annual payment of the half-pay for life, 
as it fell due during the life of the officer, and on tho whole thus 
due at the time of his death up to the present time, or until pay- 
ment is made by the government 

The first case tried in this court on this principle, was that of the 
heirs of Surgeon Absalom Baird, of Pennsylvania, who was a sur- 
geon in Colonel Jeduthan Baldwin's Corps of Aitificers, and fur- 
nishes the most interesting and important information to the hein 



THE UNITKD STATKS COURT OF CLAIMS. 456 

of all the officers of the medical department and the different corps 
of artificers of the Revolutionary army, and establishes an impor- 
tant precedent relating to the great question of Revolutionary half- 
pay, which is at this time engaging the attention of the whole 
country. 

The facts in the case, found among the papers filed in the court, 
are as follows : 

That Absalom Baird was a commissioned surgeon in the army 
of the Revolution, and by acts of Congress, particularly that of 
January 17, 1781, became entitled to half-pay for life and other 
emoluments. 

That his regiment was dissolved, and he was discharged firom 
service on the 29th of March, 1781 ; and his stipulated annuity 
commenced running on that day. 

That, as amounts became due, he made immediate and frequent 
applications to the proper officers for payment, and was denied. 

That, by the laws and regulations of the old Congress, interest 
was allowed on all claims and to all creditors of the United States, 
from the time that sums became due. 

That Dr. Baird, therefore, ought of right to have received his 
accruing half-pay, and interest upon any amounts refused or with- 
held. 

That, by the commutation act, passed March 22, 1788, it was 
provided that the officers shall have, at the end of the war, five 
years' full pay, in lieu of half-pay for life, in money or securities. 

That, by this new contract Dr. Baird became entitled, not only to 
the arrears of half-pay then due him, but also to five years' full pay, 
being the granted commutation of his half-pay for life. 

That he was denied the benefit of this substitution. Payment 
was refused, and after repeated demands, and continued efforts with 
the accounting officers, he at length, on the 28th of January, 1794, 
presented his petition to Congress for relief. The case was con- 
tinued without action by the House until December 21, 1796, when 
it was ordered that Dr. Baird have leave to withdraw his petition. 

That the claim was never abandoned, nor was there any la€he$ 
or unreasonable delay in the prosecution of it. 



456 TH£ UNITED STATES OOUST OP CLAIXB. 

That Dr. Baird removed to Western Peniisylvaiiia, and there 
diedf in October, 1805. 

That the claim was ccmtinned to be prosecuted by his diildren, 
but no action could be had until June 28, 1836, when an act was 
passed granting five years' fiill pay as commutation^ but without in- 
terest 

That under this law $2400 were paid, but the petitaoners believ- 
ing that a large sum was still due, on the 12th of December, 1837, 
presented themselves again to Congress, praying further and ffoHii 
relief. 

That on the 9th of February, 1855, a bill granting the heirs of 
Dr. Baird the sum of $16,230, in full of arrears of pay due to them 
for the services of their said ancestor, was reported in their favor. 

That the said bill did not pass into a law, and has been referred 
by a resolution of Congress to this honorable court, for the purpose 
of an examination into the merits cmd legal validity <if the -claim. 

That the half-pay of Dr. Baird was the sum of $240 per annum, 
receivable at the end of every year. If not discharged upon de- 
mand, at the time when payable, interest upon the amount due was 
the legal compensation to the creditor. Not only universal custom, 
but positive law, in all commercial countries, has established this 
principle. 

That the proper distinction between gracing usury and fixed 
interest is well settled and understood. 

That the first act of Parliament limiting the rate per cent, in 
England, was passed in 1546, near the close of the reign of Henry 
VIII. Since that time, with a short interval, in which superstition 
revived, the whole matter has been subject to statutory r^ulations. 
In fact, it may be considered doubtful, whether always, at common 
law, compensation for the ^ detainer'^ of money was not allowed as 
damages. One authority (2d Blackstone's Reports, page 761) may 
be referred to as most brief in its terms : '' Interest is due upon 
all liquidated sums from the time the principal becomes due and 
payable." 

That the revolutionary government has always acted upon this 
just basis ; and the United States since, in the case of the Virginia 



• THE UNITED STATES COURT OF OLAHIB. 457 

officers, gave a pertinent example, in the act of July 5, 1832, by 
directing " to 6e paid to those officers^ or their representatives, 
interest upon each yearns half-pay, from the time the same became 
duer 

That, assuming this rale of justice and upright policy to be clear- 
ly established, the following exhibit is made : From March 29, 1781, 
to October 20, 1805, the day of Dr. Baird's death, the total of his 
half-pay then due would amount to more than $5280, and the in- 
terest accrued on the yearly deferred payments would be $4150 ; 
making an aggregate of debt, at that time, of $10,030, by the terms 
of the gOYemment contract, expressed in the resolutions, and ac- 
cording, to the settled rules of computation. 

That death closed this annuity on the 20th October, 1805 ; and 
at the date of that event, the representatives of Dr. Baird had an 
immediate right to this sum, by the laws of the land. With merely 
simple interest current, up to June 23, 1836, it would amount to 
$28,485 ; and deducting $2400, allowed by the act of that date, 
would still leave $2^85 then ffiirly due. 

That in Thomdike vs. United States, Justice Story observes : " If 
the present were a contract between private citizens, there can be 
no doubt that the court would be bound to give interest upon the 
contract up to the time of payment ; and if by law the amount 
due on the contract could be pleaded as a tender or a set-off to a 
private debt, it would be a good bar in the full extent of the prin- 
cipal and interest due at the time of such tender or set-off. Nay, 
more ; if the note or promise were made by a citizen to the gov- 
ernment, the latter might enforce its claim to the like extent Can 
it make any difference, in the construction of the contract, that the 
government is the debtor instead of the creditor 9 In reason and 
equity it ought to make none, and there is not a scintilla of law to 
justify any. If a suit could be maintained against the government, 
I do not perceive why it would not be as much the duty of the court 
to render judgment in such suit, for the principal and the interest, 
in the same manner and to the same extent as it would in the case 
of a private citizen. The United States have no prerogative to claim 
^ne law upon their own contracts as creditors and another as dolors, 

20 



458 THX UNTnCD BTATBB OOUBT OF CLADC 

If^ at ereditars^ ihey are entitled to intereetj as debtare theff are h&und 
aleo to pay it.^ 

That AUorney-general Wirt says : ^ Interest is hi the Batme of 
damages for withholding money which the party ought to pay, and 
wonid not or could not f and in this brief sentence is contained 
the main point of the case now piesented to this honorable court. 

That it is claimed, that from and after March 29, 1781, the day 
on which he was reduced. Dr. Baird was entitled by goyemmental 
contract to half-pay during his life, payable at the end of eyery 
year; and according to the rule directed by the act of July 6, 1632, 
in the case of the Virginia officers or Uteir repreeenta^Tes^ with 
interest on each year's half-pay from the time the same became dve. 

In the above light the case came up before the court for a trial, 
the Solicitor of the court, on the part of the United States, at the 
same time filing his opposing brie^ and after the arguments on both 
sides, the case was submitted, and Chief-justice Gilchrist delivered 
the following opinion of the court : 

The petitioner alleges that his father^ Dr. Absalom Baird^ wis a 
commissioned surgeon in the army of the Revolution, and in that 
capacity was entitled by kw to baM-pay for life, and other emohi- 
ments. 

Whether this allegation be true, is the first inquiry in the case. 

It is not denied that he was a surgeon of a foment of artificers, 
and waa discharged from the service, upon the reduction of his re- 
giment, on the 29th of March, 17S1. 

Whether this corps constituted a part of the army, so as to en- 
title the surgeon, upon its reduction, to half-pay hr life, is a point 
to be determined by an examination into the manner in which it 
was considered by the legislative authority at the time, and into 
the language of the resolution upon the sulject. 

The resolution of September 30, 1780, provides for "'the pay 
and establishment of the officers of the Efospitai Department and 
Medical Staff,'' and specifies the pay of the director, chief physi- 
cians, and surgeons of the army and hospitals, purveyor and apoth- 
ecary, physicians and surgeons of the hospitals, assistant pmveyors 
aad apothecaries, regimental soi^geona, eurgeoos' mates in the hoe- 



TBE UNITED STATES COUBT OF GLAIliS. 459 

pitals, sorgeons' mates in the army, and steward and wardmaster 
for each hospital. As Dr. Baird rendered medical services to the 
United States, and in their employ, in a position, at least, connected 
with the army, and as this was the only provision for the payment 
for medical services, and as he was entitled to compensation, he 
would seem to be necessarily included in the class of ^ regimental 
surgeons,'' particularly if there be any thing to corroborate this view 
of the case. 

We think it cannot be denied that Dr. Baird was an ** officer," 
and the resolution of the 21st October, 1780, provides that the 
"* officers reduced" shall be entitled to *" half-pay for life." Hiis 
veeoludon had regard to the reform of the array, which was to take 
place on ^e 1st of January, 1781. Subsequent to this date, on the 
I7th of January, a resolution was passed, the preamble to which h 
as follows : ^ Whereas, by the plan for conducting the hospital de- 
partment, passed in Congress the SOth day of September last, no 
proper establishment is provided for the officers of the medical staffs 
after their dismission from the public service, which, considering 
the customs of other nations, and the late provision made for the 
officers of the army, after the conclusion of the war, they appear 
to have a just claim to ; for remedy whereof, and for amending sev- 
eral parts of the above-mentioned plan," it was provided that all 
officers in the hospital department and medical staff, hereinafter 
mentioned, who shall continue in service to the end of the war, 
or be reduced before that time as supernumeraries, shall be entitled 
to receive during life, in lieu of half-pay, the following allowance, 
dsc. It was then provided that *^ regimental surgeons" should re- 
ceive an allowance equal to the half-pay of a captain. It is not at 
all probable that Congress intended to exclude from the benefit of 
this resolation the surgeon of the corps of artificers. Still, in order 
to entitle Dr. Baird to half-pay for life, he must be brought fairly 
within the class of regimental surgeons by reason of his connec- 
tion with this corps. On the 12th of November, 1779, Congress 
resolved "that the eleven companies of artificers raised by the 
Quartermaster-general be reformed and incorporated and arranged 
IB such a manner as the Commander-in-Chief shall deem proper." 



460 THE UNITED STATES OOUET OF CLAIMS. 

On the Sd of October, 1780, a resolution was passed providing for 
the redaction of certain regiments on the first of January then next^ 
and that after that day the regular army of the United States 
should consist of ** four regiments of cavalry or light-dragoons, four 
regiments of artillery, forty-nine regiments of infantry, and one re- 
giment of artificers;'' and that the regiment of artificers should 
consist of eight companies, and each company of sixty non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates. 

These resolutions appear to us to be entirely conclusive. We do 
not see how any doubt can remain on the subject This body of 
artificers is called a regiment, and is declared to be a part of the 
regular army. The surgeon of it, therefore, is a regiment^ surgeon, 
and if any thing more be necessary in order to constitute him such, 
we are at a loss to understand what it can be. 

If these views be correct, as we think they are, when the r^ment 
was reduced on the 29th of March, 1781, the surgeon of the regi- 
ment had a right to half-pay for life, which no subsequent l^^la- 
tion by Congress could, upon any principle of justice or legal rea- 
soning, take away from him. It was a right earned by meritorious 
services, and conferred upon him in consideration of the sacrifice of 
his time and his talents for the good of the cause all had at heart 
To say that any subsequent or declaratory legislation by Ckmgress, 
as to the character of this corps, could deprive Dr. Baird of his half- 
pay to which he was entitled, would be to declare, not only that the 
precedents which a sense of justice had established in regard to the 
binding force of contracts might properly be disregarded — not only 
to maintain that the opinion and interest of one. party to a contract 
might be substituted for the assent of both — but to assert, that not- 
withstanding all that had been said and done, there was no con- 
tract between Dr. Baird and Congress. 

But we think that an analysis of the action that has been had 
apon the subject will show that there has not even been any decla- 
ratory law or resolution of Congress, which tends to the conclusion 
that Dr. Baird was not entitled to half-pay. 

On the 19th of March, 1790, General Knox, the Secretary of 
War, reported a resolution to Congress, "That the petition of the 



THE UNITED STATES OOUBT OF CLADCB. 461 

late officers of the artillery artificers for the commutation of the 
half-pay cannot be granted, the United States in Congress assem- 
bled having decided against the same on the 19th October, 1785.** 
He says that the principles upon which this decison was founded, 
wiH appear by the reports of the late Commissioner of Army Ac- 
counts, and a Committee of Congress, which he submits. 

The report of the Commissioner was in consequence of the peti- 
tions of John Jordan and Thomas Willey, late Captains in the 
Pennsylvania Corps of Artillery Artificers, for a commutation in 
lieu of half-pay for life. The substance of the report is, that Con- 
gress confined the promise of half-pay to military officers only, and 
that the officers of artificers were not military officers. 

It may be remarked of this report^ that it does not even by im- 
plication controvert Dr. Baird's claim, because it was made in rela- 
tion to a class of officers to which confessedly he did not .belong. 
No one ever supposed that a surgeon, either in the army or the 
navy, was in the strict sense of the word a militaiy officer ; and it is 
not upon that ground the present claim rests. The duty of a sur- 
geon is to attend upon the sick and wounded, to employ his skill as 
well upon those who are enfeebled by disease, as upon those who 
are wounded in battle. The surgeon is no more a military officer 
when attached to an infantry regiment, than when on duty in the 
regiment of artificers, and he is as much a military officer in the 
latter case as when he is on duty at a garrison, or on a recruiting 
station. We are aware of no reason why Dr. Baird might not 
properly have been ordered upon any duty which any regimental 
surgeon might have been required to perform. 

The report of the Committee of Congress, to which General Knox 
refers, denies the claim of Captains Jordan and Willey upon the 
same ground, that they were not military officers, and the same re- 
marks are applicable to it. 

General Knox also refers to a former report of his, dated on the 
30th of July, 1788, in which he states, that the artificers were a 
part of the civil branch of the Ordnance Department; and also, 
that when the officers of this corps were commissioned as officers of 
^ artillery and artificers," the manner of filling up the conmuasioua 



462 THE UNITED STATES COURT OF CLAIMS. 

must have been an error, as it was not authorized by anj act of 
Congress. It is true, that there may have been no act of Congress 
pointing out the manner in which the commissions should be filled 
up ; but it is not so clear that the mode in which they were filled 
up was authorized. His report states, that ^* the artificers did not 
in any instance act in the field as artillerists ;" but it states, also, 
that ^ they were mostly stationed at the arsenal at Carlisle, and em- 
ployed in making cartridges of various kinds for the use of the ar- 
tillery in the field." It is not, then, a forced construction of their 
position which induced them to regard themselves as officers of 
** artillery and artificers," although whether they were properly so 
regarded or not has no bearing on the present case, as we shall 
hereafter have occasion to remark. 

We are not called upon to decide whether Captains Jordan and 
WiUey were or were not " military officers" in a sense which would 
entitle them to a commutation of half-pay. Whatever the decision 
might be, it could not have the slightest efiect upon the question 
whether Dr. Baird was or was not a commissioned surgeon in the 
army of the Revolution. It may, however, be remarked, that as 
the resolution of October 8, 1780, provided that the r^ular army 
of the United States should consist of certain regiments of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry, and " one regiment of artificers," it is extremely 
difficult to understand how any thing like logical reasoning can lead 
to the conclusion that the officers of the re^ment, forming a part 
of the regular army, were not military officers, so as to entitle them 
to commutation. The ** cotemporaneous construction," on which 
stress was laid in the argument^ and which led the committee to de- 
cide that they were not military officers, is entitled to just so much 
weight as its intrinsic merits deserve, and no more. Mankind are 
as competent now to judge of the meaning of words as they were 
then ; and the executive and military departments of that day did 
not assume to possess any superior knowledge. 7%ere is no more 
mystery in the acts of Congress passed seventy years ago than in 
those of the present day, nor is any greater skill required to construe 
them. But, at any rate, the case of Captains Jordan and Willey 
has no bearing whatever on the case of Dr. Baird. 



THB UNITKD STATES COURT OF OLADIB. 468 

For these rea9<m8 we are (^ opinion that Dr, Baird was entitled 
to half-pay for life^ from the time of the redtiction of his regiment^ 
on the 29th of March, 1781. 

The next question in the case is^ whether the claimant is entitled 
U>imiere9t 

On the dd of June, 1784, Congress passed the following resolu- 
tion : ^ That an interest of six per cent per annum shall he allowed 
to all creditors of the United States for supplies furnished or ser- 
vices done from the time that the payment became due.** No lan- 
^age oould be more express or free from doubt than this. It is 
directly applicable to the present case. Dr. Baird had rendered 
services to the United States, for which he was entitled to half-pay 
for life. His kalfpay became due at the expitreUiom of a year from 
the time of his reduction, and eU the end of each successive year there- 
after. The resolution was passed, from a feeling that it was just 
and right that interest should be paid from the time the half-pay 
became due, and it was a voluntary contract on the part of the Uni- 
ted States, constituting a legal claim against them, which no sub- 
tsequent legislation could release without the assent of the other 
party. It may be added, that up to the year 1837, there was piud 
interest on 1510 claims of widows and orphans, and claims of oflfi- 
cers for personal services, the statutes of limitation as to such claims 
having been suspended. The proceedings in relation to the claim 
for commutation do not appear to be very material in relation to 
the case in its present position. On the 23d of March, 1783, a 
resolution was passed providing that the officers and others entitled 
to half-pay for life, ^ shall be entitled to receive at the end of the 
war their five years* full pay, in lieu of half-pay for life, in money — 
that is, specie—or in securities on interest, as Congress should find 
most convenient" On the 28th of January, 1794, Dr. Baird ap- 
plied for the benefit of this provision, but died in the year 1805, 
having, as is said in the report of the Committee of Claims of the 
5th of February, 1855, ** become wearied and disheartened with de- 
lay." In the year 1818, his son, Thomas H. Baird, having become 
of age, petitioned Congress for relief, and on the 3d of March, 1835« 
the committee reported that^ ^ Dr. Absalom Baird was entitled to 



464 THB UKITED BTA.TBS CX)URT OF CLAIMS. 

the benefit of the proTision of the resolution of Januiuy 17, 1781, 
extending the grant of half-pay for life to the officers of the hos- 
pital department and medical staff." No action was had upon the 
resolution until the 22d June, 1886, when an act was passed grant- 
ing ^ve years' full pay as commutation, under the resolution of 
1783, but without interest. 

Now this claim does not depend for its validity upon any admis- 
sion contained in the act of 1836. But the Congress which passed 
that act must have considered that Dr. Baird had a l^al claim of 
some kind, otherwise their conduct in granting him five years' fuU 
pay was wholly indefensible. It is, however, relied upon as a final 
settlement of the claim. Upon any principle known to the law, 
this position is wholly untenable. It is easy enough to declare, ex 
cathedra^ that it was a final settlement ; but it is extremely difficult 
to imagine, in the absence of all evidence, what reasons can be uiged 
for holding that the payment of a sum of money is of itself a dis- 
charge of a debt for a larger amount A plea of payment of a small 
sum in satisfaction of a larger j is bad even after verdict. This prin- 
ciple is familiar to every lawyer. A debt may be paid by a fail 
and well-understood compromise, carried faithfully into effect ; but 
here there was no compromise. If it were a case between individ- 
uals, no one would dream of applying such a term to it. The Uni- 
ted States are either bound by principles of law applicable to them, 
or they are not so bound. If they are not bound, there is an end 
of the discussion, for then all reasoning is fruitless. If they are 
bound by principles of law, it is impossible to regard the payment 
of five years' full pay without interest as a satisfaction o( this 
claim. There is no evidence that either party so regarded it, 
and unless we set at defiance every principle of law, we cannot 
hold that one party to a contract, without the assent of the other, 
can discharge his debt by the payment of a smaller sum than the 
amount due. 

If A owes B a thousand dollars by his promissory note, payable 
in ten years, with interest, and if, when the note becomes due, A 
pays five hundred dollai-s, but refuses to pay the remainder and the 
interest, upon the principle here contended for, the payment of five 



THE TTNITKD STATES COURT OP CLAIMS. 465 

hundred dollars discharges the debt. Such a proposition, to be re- 
futedf needs only to be stated. 

If Dr. Baird was entitled to commutation under this resolution, 
he should have received either the money or securities, as Congress 
should find most convenient. They did not find it convenient to 
pay the money at the time, and of course he was entitled to inter- 
est. He asked either for tbe money or securities on interest, but 
Congress permitted fifty-three years to elapse after the passage of 
the resolution, and then gave him merely the sum of $2400, to 
which he was entitled in the year 1783. Mr. Ready's report, of 
the 5th of February, 1855, considers only the question whether in- 
terest should be allowed on the ^ve years' full pay as commutation 
from the end of the war, the time when it became due, and the 
committee decided that interest was due. But as our opinion is 
that Dr. Baird was entitled to half-pay for life, from the 20th of 
March, 1781, the matter relating to the commutation need not be 
frirther inquired into. 

The evidence in the case proves, that Dr. Baird was surgeon of 
the regiment of artificers from the 20th of March, 1780, and served 
in that capacity until the regiment was reduced, on the 29th of 
March, 1781. It is admitted by the solicitor, and the evidence 
proves, that the case does not come within any of the acta or resolu 
lions in the nature of acts of limitation, which requires claims to be 
presented within a specified period, and is not barred by any of 
them. It is admitted that Dr. Baird died on the 27th of October, 
1805; and it is proved that the claimant, Thomas H. Baird, was 
appointed administrator of his estate on the 9th day of March, 1819. 

The amount of Dr. Baird's half-pay was $240 per annum, payable 
at the end of every year, ffe was entitled to this sum up to the 
2^th of October, 1805, the day of his death, and interest on tlie pay- 
ments as they became due, according to the express provisions of the 
resolution of June 3, 1784. 

There was, therefore, due hi in at the time of his death the sum 
of Il0,074i%*^. Upon this sum interest is due from the 2lth of 
October, 1805, until the Ut of June, 1856, deducting therefrom the 
sum of $2400, paid under act of June 23, 1836. 

20* 



466 , THE mriTED states oovrt of claimb. 

It will be seen that the accounting officei-s of the Grovernment, 
cotemporaneous with the commutation act of 1783, decided that, 
from the nature of the corps in which Dr. Baird served, and on the 
ground that he was not a *' regimental surgeon,*' he was not entitled 
to the benefits of that act. 

His title to commutation was nerer admitted until the second 
session of the 23d Congress, when a favorable report was made; 
and it was not until June 23, 1836, that a Inll passed granting him 
this commutation. 

Every one will agree that, inasmuch as Dr. Burd did not receive 
his commutation of half-pay until June 23, 1836, interest was justly 
due on it from the Revolutionary period up to that time, as has been 
allowed in nearly every similar case from 1794 to the present day. • 

But the difference between Dr. Baird's case and that of the other 
officers of the Revolutionary army is, that the other officers received 
their commutation at the time it was first made due, and therefore 
were not entitled to interest for time delayed in the issuing of their 
ocHumutation certificates, while Dr. Baird did not receive his till 
1836, and therefore wa$ entitled to interest for time delayed from 
1783 to 1836. 

And Dr. Baird has been restored to his half-pay from March 29, 
1781, to October 27, 1806, when he died, with interest on each an- 
nual payment to the day of his death, and has been allowed interest 
also on the whole sum, thus accumulated at the time of his death, 
up to June 1, 1856, when paj^ment was made, deducting from the 
whole amount the sum of $2400, as commutation received in 1 836. 

To this restoration of the half-pay for life with interest, Dr. Baird 
has no better right than the other officers, who now claim the action 
of Congress and the Court of Claims in his case as a precedent for 
their own. 

For the information of the many thousands of the heirs of Revo- 
lutionary officers and others in the United States interested, a great 
many of whom may have, as yet, heard little or nothing of the pro- 
ceedings, we have reported the action of Congress and the opinion 
of the Court of Claims on these half-pay cases somewhat at length, 
for our limits, and may further remark that, from what has been 



80CIETT OF THE CINCINNATI. 147 

admitted on all sides, and assuming the opinion of Attorney-general 
l^rrien, under date of October 2, 1880, in the case of Colonel Har- 
rison, to be correct, viz., "JTo interest is due unless the claimant 
^fhall have paid interest; in which case^ indeed^ interest becomes 
strictly a portion of the principal of his claim^'' the right of the of- 
ficers to a restoration of their half-pay, and an allowance of interest 
on the deferred payments from tlie Revolutionary period, cannot be 
disputed ; for the officers, in the sale of their securities, did pay a 
heary interest in depreciation, equal in amount, in a minority of 
cases, to seven-eighths of the /ice of their certificates. 



♦ >» 



THE SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

This institution is so intimately connected with affairs at the 
close of the Revolution, and with preparations for the return of the 
countiy to the pursuits of peace, after emerging from the conflicts 
of an eight years' war, that some account of it, in this connection, 
may be proper, and to many instructive. 

It was in the period of the government of ancient Rome by the 
** Tribunes of the People," before the appointment of the Decemviri, 
that Coriolanus, an eloquent and powerful senator, was expelled 
from the commonwealth, and took shelter with Tullus Attius, a dis- 
tinguished Volscian leader, who espoused his quarrel. In conse- 
quence, the league between this country and the Romans was bro- 
ken, and a powerful Volscian army was sent to invade Rome, head- 
ed by the expatriated Coriolanus, who, yielding to the tears and 
entreaties of Yeturia hjs mother and Volumnia his wife, withdrew 
his army from Rome. 

But a restoration of peace to the commonwealth, and a cessation 
of hostilities without, only gave opportuqity for intrigue and dissen- 
sion within. Spurius Cassius, fired with wild ambition, and wanting 
to make himself despotic by means of the people, was found guilty 
of a number of conspiracies against the Constitution of the State^ 



468 BOonrrT of the Cincinnati. 

and was thrown headlong from the Tarpeian Rock by the very per- 
sons whose interests he represented. 

The Agrarian law, a measure for dividing the lands of the com- 
monwealth equally among the people, now agitated the coxintry, 
and Manlius and Fabius, consuls of a former year, accused of making 
unjustifiable delays in putting it off^ were summoned by the Tri- 
bunes to appear before the people. 

This law was a grant the Senate could not think of giving up to the 
people, and the many excuses and delays made about it, incensed 
the people so as to threaten the destruction of the commonwealth. 

In this alarming state of things, they were obliged once more to 
have recourse to a dictator, and Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus, an 
illustrious Roman, who had given up all views of ambition, and re- 
tired to his little farm, was waited upon by the deputies of the Sen- 
ate, who found him at his plough, dressed in the mean attire of a 
laboring husbandman. He appeared but little elevated at the ad- 
dress of ceremony and pompous robes they brought him, and upon 
declaring to him the Senate's pleasure, he testified a natural prefer- 
ment of the charms of a country retirement to the fatiguing splen- 
dors of office, and said to his wife, as the deputies were leading him 
away, " I fear, my Attilla, that for tiiis year, our little fields must 
remain unsown.'' Thus, taking a tender leave, he departed to the 
city, where both parties were inflamed against each other. By strict 
attention to the interests of his country, instead of gaining the con- 
fidence of factions, he won the esteem of all ; and by prevailing on 
the Tribunes to put off the Agrarian law for a time, restored tran- 
quillity to the people, and again retired from the splendora of power 
to his « little farm." 

" The -^ui and the Volsci," writes Goldsmith, ** who, though 
still worsted, still were for renewing the war, made new inroads into 
the territories of Rome. Minutius, one of the consuls who suc- 
ceeded Cincinnatus, was sent to oppose them ; but being naturally 
timid, and rather more afraid of being conquered than desirous of 
victory, his army was driven into a defile between two mountains, 
from which, except through the enemy, there was no egress. This, 
however, the -^ui had the precaution to fortify, by which the Ro- 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 469 

man army was so hemmed in on every side, that nothing remained 
but submission to the enemy, famine, or immediate death. Some 
knights, who found means of getting away privately through the 
enemy's camp, were the first who brought the account of this dis- 
aster to Rome. Nothing could exceed the consternation of all ranks 
of the people when informed of it : the Senate, at first, thought of 
the other consul ; but not having sufficient experience of his abili- 
ties, they unanimously turned their eyes on Oincinnatus, and again 
resolved to make him dictator. Oincinnatus, the only person on 
whom Rome could now place her whole dependence, was found, as 
before, by the messengers of the Senate laboring in his little field 
with cheerful industry. He was at first astonished at the ensigns 
of unbounded power with which the deputies came to invest him, 
but still more at the approach of the Senate, who came out to 
meet him. A dignity so unlooked for, however, had no efiect on 
the simple integrity of his manners. 

" Upon entering the city, the dictator put on a serene look, and 
entreated all those who were able to bear arms to repair before 
sunset to the Campus Martins with the necessary provisions for five 
days. He put himself at the head of these, and marching all night 
with great expedition, arrived before day within sight of the en- 
emy. Upon his approach he ordered his soldiers to raise a loud 
shout, to apprise the consul's army of the relief that was at hand. 
The -^ui were not a little amazed when they saw themselves be- 
tween two enemies, but still more when they perceived Oincinnatus 
making the strongest intrench ments beyond them to prevent their 
escape, and inclosing them as they had inclosed the consul. To 
prevent this, a furious combat ensued ; but the JEqm being attacked 
on both sides, and unable to resist or fly, begged a cessation of arms ; 
they offered the dictator his own terms ; he gave them their lives, 
but obliged them, in token of servitude, to pass under the yoke. 
Their captains and generals he made prisoners of war, being re- 
served to adorn his triumph. As for the plunder of the enemy's 
camp, that he gave entirely to his own soldiers, without reserving 
any part for himself, or permitting those of the delivered army to 
have a share. 



470 eOdETT OF THE CINCINNATI. 

^ Thus, haviDg rescued a Roman army from inevitable destrac- 
tion, having defeated a powerful enemy, having taken and fortified 
their city, and still more, having refused any part of the spoil, he 
resigned the dictatorship, after having enjoyed it but fourteen days. 
The Senate would have enriched him, but he declined their offers, 
choosing to retire once more to his farm and cottage, content with 
temperance and fame." 

It has been beautifully said that ^Providence moves through 
time as the gods of Homer through space — it takes one step and 
ages have rolled away ;" and though it has rolled twenty-three cen- 
turies between the illustrious farmer of Rome and our own immor- 
tal fiarmer of Mount Vernon, yet, in the night-march of the former 
to the aid of the despairing army of Minutius, and in that of the 
latter, over the storm-lashed and icy billows of the Delaware, on the 
Hessian encampment at Trenton, the same ^ Arcturus, Orion, Plei- 
ades, and the chambers of the South," known also in the days of 
the patient man of Uz, still perpetuated by the same moving Prov- 
idence, enlightened both armies ; and the gaze of both generals has 
rested upon the same constellations, so that time, by similitude of 
circumstances and character, seems to have been so &r annihilated 
as to bring the two to stand contemporaneously on the great plat- 
form of human liberty, and to a personal recognition of each other 
in the great Society of Peace, bearing the name of the one and 
presided over by the other, whose valedictory proclaimed, that, 
"^ Having finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great 
theatre of action, and bidding an affectionate farewell to this august 
body, under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my 
commission, and take leave of all the public employments of life" — 
and of whom it was said, when the "clods of the valley" were 
about to cover all of him that was mortal : " Our virtuous Chief, 
mindful only of the common good, in a moment of tempting per- 
sonal aggrandizement, hushed the discontents of growing sedition ; 
and, surrendering his power into the hands from which he had 
received it, converted his sword into a ploughshare, teaching an 
admiring world that to be truly great, you must be truly good," 



SOCIETY OF TIIK C?raOINNATI. 471 

The /ollovnng is the Constitution of the Society of the Cincinnati^ 
' agreed upon at the ** Cantonment of the American Army, on Hud- 
son Biver, May 13, 1783." 

It having pleased the Supreme GU>Yeraor of the Universe, in the 
disposition of human afifairs, to cause the separation of the Colonies 
of North America from the domination of Great Britain, and after 
a bloodj conflict of eight years, to establish them free, independent, 
and sovereign States, connected, by alliances founded on reciprocal 
advantages, with some of the greatest princes and powers of the 
earth. 

To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance of this vast 
event, as the mutual friendships which have been formed under the 
pressure of common danger, and in many instances cemented by the 
blood of the parties, the ofScers of the American army do hereby, 
in the most solemn manner, associate, constitute, and combine them- 
selves into one Socibtt of Friends, to endure as long as they shall 
endure, or any of their eldest male posterity, and in failure thereof, 
the collateral branches, who may be judged worthy of becoming its 
supporters and members. 

The officers of the American army, having generally been taken 
from the citizens of America, possess high veneration for the char- 
acter of that illustrious Roman, Lucius Quintus Cinoinnatus ; 
and being resolved to follow his example, by returning to their citi- 
zenship, they think they may, with propriety, denominate them- 
selves The SociETr of the Cincinnatl 

The following principles shall be immutable, and form the basis 
of the Society of the Cincinnati : 

An incessant attention to preserve inviolate those exalted rights 
and liberties of human nature, for which they have fought and bled, 
and without which the high rank of a rational being is a curse in- 
stead of a blessing. 

An unalterable determination to promote and cherish, between 
the respective States, that union and national honor so essentially 
necessary to their happiness, and the future dignity of the American 
empire. 



472 BOOXETT OF THE CINCINNATI. 

To render permanent the cordial affection subsisting among the 
officers. This spirit will dictate brotherly kindness in all things^ 
and particularly extend to the most substantial acts of beneficence, 
according to the ability of the Society, towards those officers and 
their families who unfortunately may be under the necessity of re- 
ceiving it. 

The General Society will, for the sake of frequent communica- 
tions, be divided into State Societies, and those again into such dis- 
tricts as shall be directed by the State Society. 

The societies of the districts to meet as often as shall be agreed 
upon by the State Society ; those of the State on the fourth day 
of July annually, or oftener, if they shall find it expedient; and 
the General Society on the first Monday in May annually, so long 
as they shall deem it necessary, and afterwards, at least once in 
every three years. 

At each meeting the principles of the institution will be fully 
considered, and the best measures to promote them adopted. 

The State Societies will consist of all the members resident in 
each State respectively ; and any member removing from one State 
to another, is to be considered, in all respects, as belonging to the 
Society of the State in which he shall actually reside. 

The State Societies to have a president, vice-president^ secretary, 
treasurer, and assistant treasurer, to be chosen annually by a majors 
ity of votes, at the State meeting. 

Each State shall write annually, or oftener, if necessary, a circu- 
lar letter to the other State Societies, notiug whatever they may 
think worthy of observation, respecting the good of the Society, 
or the general union of the States, and giving information of the 
officers chosen for the cunent year. Copies of these letters shall be 
regularly transmitted to the secretary-general of the Society, who 
will record them in a book to be assigned for that purpose. 

The State Society will regulate every thing respecting itself and 
the societies of the' districts, consistent with the general maxims 
of the Cincinnati ; judge of the qualifications of the members who 
may be proposed ; and expel any member who, by conduct incon- 
sistent with a gentleman and a man of honor, or by an opposition 



SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 473 

to the interests of the community in general, or the Society in par- 
ticular, may render himself unworthy to continue a member. 

In order to form funds which may be respectable, and assist the 
unfortunate, each officer shall deUver to the treasurer of the State 
Society one month's pay, which shall remain forever to the use of 
the State Society ; the interest only of which, if necessary, to be 
appropriated to the relief of the unfortunate. 

Donations may be made by persons not of the Society, and by 
members of the Society, for the express purpose of forming perma- 
nent funds for the use of the State Society ; and the interest of 
these donations appropriated in the same manner as that of the 
month's pay. 

Moneys, at the pleasure of each member, may be subscribed in 
the societies of the distincts, or the State societies, for the relief of 
the unfortunate members, or their widows and orphans^ to be ap- 
propriated by the State Society only. 

The meeting of the General Society shall consist of its officers, 
and a representation from each State Society, in number not exceed- 
ing five, whose expenses shall be borne by their respective State 
Societies. 

In the general meeting, the president, vice-president, secretary, 
assistant secretary, treasurer, and assistant treasurer-general, shall 
be chosen, to serve until the next meeting. 

The circular letters which have been written by the respective 
State Societies to each other, and their particular laws^ shall be read 
and considered, and all measures concerted which may conduce to 
the general intendment of the Society. 

It is probable that some persons may make donations to the Gen- 
eral Society, for the purpose of establishing funds for the further 
comfort of the unfortunate ; in which case such donations must be 
placed in the hands of the treasurer-general, the interest only of 
which is to be disposed of, if necessary, by the general meeting. 

All the officei*s of the American army, as well those who have 
resigned with honor, after three years' service in the capacity of 
officers, or who have been deranged by the resolutions of Congi-ess, 
upon the several reforms of the army, as those who shall have con* 



474 BOCiETT OF the: oincinnati. 

tinued to the end of the war, have the right to become parties m 
this institution ; provided that they subscribe one month's pay, and 
sign their names to the general rules, in their respective State so- 
cieties, — those who are present with the army immediately, and 
others within six months after the army shall be disbanded, extra- 
ordinary cases excepted. The rank, time of service, resolutions of 
Congress by which they have been deranged, and place of resi- 
dencQi must be added to each name ; and as a testimony of affec- 
tion to the memory and the offspring of such oflScers as have died 
in the service, their eldest male branches shall have the same right 
of becoming members as the children of the actual members of the 
Society, 

Those officers who are foreigners, not resident in any of the 
States, will have their names enrolled by the secretary-general, and 
are to be considered as members in the societies of any of the States 
in which they may happen to be. 

And as there are, and will at all times be, men in the respective 
States, eminent for their abilities and patriotism, whose views may 
be directed to the same laudable objects with those of the Cincin- 
nati, it shall be a rule to admit such characters as honorary mem- 
bers of the Society, for their own lives only : Provided always^ that 
the number of honorary members in each State does not exceed a 
ratio of one to four of the officers or their descendants. 

Each State Society shall obtain a list of its members, and, at the 
first annual meeting, the State secretary shall have engrossed, on 
parchment, two copies of the institution of the Society, which every 
member present shall sign ; and the secretary shall endeavor to pro- 
cure the signature of every absent member ; one of those lists to be 
transmitted to the secretary-general, to be kept in the archives of 
the Society, and the other to remain in the hands of the State sec- 
retary. From the State lists, the secretary .general must make out^ 
at the first general meeting, a complete list of the whole Society, 
with a copy of which he will furnish each State secretary. 

The Society shall have an Order, by which its members shall be 
known and distinguished, which shall be a medal, of gold, of a 
proper size to receive the emblems, and suspended by a deep-blue 



sociitrrY OF the Cincinnati. 475 

ribbon, two inches wide, edged with white, descriptive of the union 
of America and France, viz. : 

Hie principal figure, Cincinnatus ; three senators presenting him 
with a sword and other military ensigns : on a field in the back- 
ground his wife standing at the door of their cottage ; near it a 
plough and implements of husbandry. Round the whole, Omnia 
reliquit aervare JRempublicam, On the reverse : Sun rising ; a city 
with open gates, and vessels entering the port; Fame crowning 
Cincinnatus with a wreath, inscribed Virtutis Prcemium. Below, 
Hands joined, supporting a Heart, with the motto, Esio Perpetua, 
Round the whole, Societas Oincinnatorum Instituta, A. D. 1783. 

The Society, deeply impressed with a sense of the generous assist- 
ance this country has received from France, and desirous of perpet- 
uating the friendships which have been formed and so happily sub- 
sisted between the officers of the allied forces, in the. prosecution of 
the war, direct, that the President-general transmit, as soon as may 
be, to each of the characters hereafter named, a medal containing 
the order of the Society, viz. : 

His Excellency the Chevalier De La Luzerne, Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary ; 
His Excellency the Sieur Gerard, late Minister Plenipotentiiu} ; 
Their Excellencies the Count D'Estaing, 

the Count De Grasse, 

the Count De Barras, 

the Chevalier De Touches, 

Admirals and Commanders in the Navy ; 
His Excellency the Count De Rochambeau, Commander-in-Chief ; 
And the Generals and Colonels of his army, and acquaint them 
that the Society does themselves the honor to consider them as 
members. 

Resolved^ That a copy of the -foregoing institution be given to 
the senior officer of each State Line, and that the officers of the re- 
spective State Lines sign their names to the same, in the manner 
and form following; viz., 



476 



80CIKTY OF THE CINOINNATI. 



We, the subscribers, oflScers of the American army, do hereby 
voluntarily become parties to the foregoing institution, and do bind 
ourselves to observe, and be governed by, the principles therein 
contained. For the perlocmance whereof we do solemnly pledge to 
each other our sacred honor. 

Done in the Cantonment on Hudson River, in the year 1783. 

General Heath, General Baron De Steuben, and General Enoz, 
were appointed to wait on His Excellency General Washington, 
with a copy of the Institution, and request him to honor the Society 
by placing his name at the head of it. 

The following are the names of the different ofScers of the Gen- 
eral Society from its fbrmation, with the dates of their election : 



FtatlDMSTB. 




VlOE PBXSmXMTB. 




George WaehingtOD, 


1788. 


Horatio Gates, 


1784. 


Alexander Hamilton, 


1800. 


Thomas Mifflin, 


1787. 


Charies C. Pinckney, 


1805. 


Charles C. Pinckney, 


1800. 


Thomas Pinckney, 


1826. 


Henry Knox, 


1806. 


Aaron Ogden, 


1889. 


J.Brooks, 


1811. 


Morgan Lewis, 


1889. 


Aaron Ogden, 


1825. 


William Popbam, 


1844. 


Morgan Lewis, 


1829. 


Henry A. 8. Dearborn, 


1848. 


William Sohute, 


1889. 






Horace Binney, 


1844. 






HamUton Fish, 


1848. 


Henry Knox, 


1788. 






William Jackson, 


1800. 


AaSlSTAMT SxOBETABiaB. 


Alexander W. Johnston, 


1829. 


Otho H. WiUiama, 


1784. 






George Turner, 


1787. 


Trxasdssbs. 




William McPheraon, 


1790. 


AJexander McDougall, 


1788. 


Nathan Dorsey, 


1800. 


William McPherson, 


1800. 


Thomas McEwen, 


1829. 


Allen McT.ane, 


1825. 






John Markiand, 


1882. 






Joseph W. Scott, 


1888. 







The following form of subscribing to the State Societies was 
adopted in 1783, and following it we will give the names of the 
original members in some of the State Societies, viz. : 



SOCIKXr OF THE CINCINNATI. 477 

''To John Pubob, Esq., Paymaster Gen. to the anny of the tJnited States. 

" Sir : — Please pay to , Treasurer for the State 

Association of the Cincinnati, or his order, one month's pay of oar 
several grades respectively, and deduct the same from the balance 
which shall be found due to us on the final liquidation of our ao- 
counts ; for which this shall be your warrant 



List or Original Mbubbrs of thb New York Statb Sooibtt 
OF THE Cincinnati. 

Jonas Addoms, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, New Tork Artillery. 

Peter Anspaoh, do« do. do. do. 

Aaron Aorson, Captain, 1st Begiment New Tork. 

Joeiah Bagley, Lieatenant, do. do. 

John Bard, Captain, 2d Begiment, Geoi^ia. 
-^ Sebastian Bauman, Major, 2d Begiment, New York Artillery. 

Jerrick Beekraan, Lieutenant, do. do. do. 

William Belknap, Lieutenant, Livingston's Begiment. 

Walter Bicker, Captain, Patton^s Begiment 

Leonard Bleeker, Captain, Ist New Tork Begiment. 

James Bradford, Lieutenant and Adjutant, New Tork Artillery. 

James Brewster, Captain-lieatenant, do. do. 

David Brooks, Assistant Clothier-general. 

Joseph Browne, Surgeon, 7th Pennsylvania Begiment 

Bobert Burnett, Lieutenant, New Tork ArtiQery. 

Jonathan Burrall, Deputy Paymaster-general. 

Caleb Brewster, Captain-lieutenant, New Tork Artillery. 

Aaron Burr, Lieutenant- oolonel, Maloom's Begiment, New Tork. 

Duncan Campbell, Lieutenant-colonel, Livingston's Begiment, New Tork. 

John Cape, Lieutenant, 1st Begiment, New Jersey. 

Nebemiah Carpenter, Ensign, New Tork Artillery. 
, James Chrystie, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment 
'^ Matthew Clarkson, M^jor. 

James Clinton, Brigadier-general. 

George Clinton, Honorary Member. 

Alexander Clinton, Lieutenant, New Tork Artillery. 

Christopher Codwise, Lieutenant, do. do. 

Bobert Cochran, Lieutenant-colonel, 2d Begiment, New Tork. 

John Cochran, Director of Hospital. 

William Colbreuth, Lieutenant and Quartermaster, 2d Begiment, N. T. 

Michael Connolly, Lieutenant, 2d Begiment, New Tork. 

John Conway, Lientenant-oolouel, Ist Begiment, N. J. 



478 600IRT7 OF THE CINOIJNKATI. 

• Samuel Cooper, LieuteniDt, CitmeV Artillery. 
. Andrew Cragie, Sargeon, General Hospital. 

John D. Crimshier, Paymaster, Lambda New York Artillery. 

Ebenezer Crosby, Sargeon, Washington's Life Guards. 

Henry Cunningham, New York Artillery. 

James Davidson, Commissary, Hospital Department. 

Henry Demler, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Daniel Denniston, do. do. do. 

George J. Denniston, Lieutenant, 8d New York Begiment. 

Pierre Begnier De Bonsse, Ijentenant-oolonel, 2d Begiment, New York. 

Simeon De Witt, Geographer. 

Samuel Dodge, Lieutenant, 2d Begiment, New York. 

Samuel Dodge, Ensign, do. do. 

John Doughty, Captain, New York Artillery. 

Henry Dubois, Captain, 2d New York Begiment 

Edward Dunscomb, Captain, 4th do. do. 
- Baron Charles D'Aurier, French officer. 

John Elliott, Surgeon's Mate, 1st Begiment, New York. 

Andrew English, Captain-lieutenant, 1st Massachusetts Begiment 

James Fairlie, laeutenant, 2d New York Begpment, and Aid-de-Camp to 
Mi^r-general Baron Steuben. 

Ephraim Fen no. Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery 

Nicholas Fish, Major and Brigade Inspector, New York. 

George Fleming, Captain, New York Artillery. 

John Fondy, Ensign, 1st New York Begiment 

Duoy Fondy, do. do. do. 

Joseph Foote, Lieutenant, 1st Massachusetts Begiment 

TheodociuB Fowler, Captain, 2d New York Begiment 

Joseph Frelick, Deutenant^ do. do. 

John Furman, Lieutenant, Ist New York Begiment 

John Gano, Brigade Chaplain, New York. 

David Gano, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Peter Gansevoort, Colonel, 8d New York Begiment 

Benjamin Gilbert, Lieutenant, 1st New York Begiment 

James Giles, Lieutenant, 2d Begiment New York Artillery. 

Aquilla Giles, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 

John Graham, Major, 1st New York Begiment 

Charles Graham, Captain, New York Line. 

Stephen Graham, Hospital Mate. 

Silas Gray, Captain, 4th New York Begiment 
- John W. Greaton, Captain, Massachusetts Line. 

John Green, Naval Captain. 

James Gregg, Captain, 1st New York Begiment. 

James Grier, Lieutenant-colonel, Pennsylvania Line. 

John Grier, Lieutenant, 6th Pennsylvania Begiment 

Isaac Quion, Captain-lieutenant, Lamb's Artillery. 



BOOIETY OF THE OINOINNATI. 479 

Hoysted Hacker, Naval Captain. 

Mordecai 'Hale, Surgeon's Mate. ^ 

Jonathan Hallett, Captain, 2d Begiment, New York. 

Lather Halaey, Captain, New Jersey Line. 
' Alexander Hamilton, Lieatenant-oolonel and Aid-de-Camp. 

Abijah Hammond, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
• John F. Hamtramck, Captain, 2d Regiment, New Tork. 

Francis Hanmer, Lieatenant, 5th New Tork Begiment. 

Abraham Hardensbarg, Lieatenant, Ist New York Begionent. 

Joseph Hardy, Captiun of Marines. 

Samuel Hay, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Line. 

Nathaniel Henry, Lieutenant, 2d New York Begiment. 

Benjamin Herring, Ensign, Ist New York Begiment. 

Abel Holden, Captain, 6th Massachusetts Begiment. 

Sazaleel Howe, Ideatenant, New Hampshire Lhie. 

Isaac Hubbell, Captain-lieutenant and Paymaster, N. Y. ArtiOary. 

James Miles Hughes, CapUun^ Maloom*s Begiment, and Aid-de-Oamp to 
General Gates. 

Thomas Hunt, Lieutenant, 4th New York Begiment. 

Christopher Hutton, Lieatenant and Adjutant, 2d N. Y. Begiment. 

Ephraim Hunt, Lieutenant, 4th Massachusetts Begiment. 

Abraham Hyatt, Lieutenant, New York Line. 

Thomas T. Jackson, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Cornelius T. Jansen, Captain, let New York Begiment. 

James Johnston, Lieutenant, 2d New York Begiment. 

Bobert Johnson, Physician, General HospitaL 

John Eeese, Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-general. 

Jacob Kemper, Captain-lieutenant, Stevens' Artillery. 

Daniel Heraper, Deputy Clothier-general. 

John Lamb, Cdonel, 2d Begiment Artillery. 

Garret Lansing, Ensign, Ist New York Begiment. 

John Lawrence, Judge-advooate-general. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, Lieutenant, 2d North Carolina Be^menk 

Jonathan Lawrence, Captain of Sappers and Miners. 

George Leycraft, Lieutenant, Lamb's Artillery. 

'William Leycraft, do. do. do. 

Benjamin Ledyard, Major, New York Line. 

Isaac Ledyard, Surgeon's Mate. 

Morgan Lewis, Colonel and Quartermaster-general. 

Brokoltst Livingston, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Henry B. Livingston, Colonel, 4th New York Begiment 

Samuel Logan, Major, 5th New York Begiment. 

Lebbens LooraiB, Lieatenant and Adjutant, Col. Swift's Conn. Begt. 

Henry E. Lutterloh, Colonel, New York Line. 

Abraham Leggett, Lieutenant, 5th New York Begiment. 

Alexander McDoagall, Major-general. 



480 SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI. 

Benald S. MoDongall, Major and Aid-de-Camp. 
Oharies McKnigbt, Surgeon. 
Daniel MoLane, Lieuteuantf MasMohnsetts Dne. 
Thomas Machiu, Captidn, 2d Regiment, New York. 
Peter Magee, Lieutenant, Ist New York Regiment. 
Samuel Mansfield, Captain of Artillery. 
John Marsh, Ensign, lat New York Regiment. 
Elihu Marshall, Captain, New York Line. 
Daniel Menema, Sui^eon, 2d New York Regiment. 
Andrew Moodie, Captnin, Lamb's Artillery. 
Joseph Morrell, Ensign, 1st New York Regiment. 
William W. Morris, Lieutenant, 2d Regiment, Artilleiy. 
Ebenezer Maoomber, Captain, Rhode Island Line. 
Peter Nestell, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Charles Newkirk, Captain-lientenant, 2d Regiment, New York. 
James Nicholson, Naval Captain. 
Daniel Niven, Captain of Engineers. 
* William North, Captain, Mass. Line, and Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Steuben. 
Nathaniel Norton, Captain, New York Uue. 
Daniel Parker, Captain- Lieutenant, Crane's Artillery. 
Charles Parsons, Captain, 1st New York Regiment. 
Henry Pawling, Captain, 2d New York Regiment 
Samuel T. Pell, do. do. do. 

Robert Pemberton, Captain, Connecticut Regiment. 
Nathaniel Pendleton, Capt., Va. Line, and Aid-de-Camp to Qen. Greene. 
William Peters, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment. 
Richard Piatt, Major and Aid-de-Camp. 
William Popham, Captain and Aid-de-Camp. 
Henry Pray, Captain, 1st Massachusetts Regiment. 

- William Price, Lieutenant, Massachusetts ArUllery. 
Abner Prior, Surgeon's Mate, 2d New York Regiment. 

- Thomas Baudall, Captain of Artillery. 

John Reed, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Jacob Reed, Captain, do. do. 

John R. B. Rogers, Surgeon, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 

Wilhelmus Ryckman, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment. 

Baron De Steuben, M^or-general. 

John Santford, Captain, Spencer's Connecticut Regiment. 

Derick Schuyler, Ensign, 2d New York Regiment 

Philip Schuyler, Major-general. 

William Scudder, Lieutenant, Ist New York Regiment 

John Shaw, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Israel Smith, Captain, 2d New York Regiment 

William S. Smith, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Isaac Smith, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 

Ephraim Snow, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment 



600IETT OF THE CINCINNATI. 481 

John Stagg, Lientonant, Spencer's Begiment 
John Stake, Lieotenant of Light Dragoons. 
Jehoeaphat Starr, Ensign, Colonel Webb's Begiment 
Gerard Stediford, lieotenant, 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Ebenezer Stevens, Lieutenant-colonel, New York Artillery. 
James Stewart, Captain, New York Line. 
William Strachan, Lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Caleb Swan, Ensign, Massaehosette line. 
Bemardns Swartwout, Ensign, 8d New York Regiment. 
Cornelius Swartwout, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artiilery. 
Caleb Sweet, Surgeon, Ist New York Regiment. 
George Sytez, Captain, do. do. 

William Stewart, Captain, Hazen's Regiment. 
Ebenezer Storer, Lieutenant and Paymaster, Brewer's Regiment. 
Silas Talbott, Lieutenant-colonel, Pennsylvania Line. 
Samuel Tallmadge, Doutenant, 2d New York Regiment. 
Wflliam Tapp, Lieutenant, Sd New York Regiment. 
Peter Taalman, Captain-lieutenant, Sappers and Miners. 
John C. Ten Broeck, Captain, Ist New York Regiment. 
Adam Ten Broeek, Ensign, do. do. 

Alexander Thompson, Lieutenant New York Artillery. 
Henry Tiebout, Captain, let New York Begiment. 
Thomas Tillotson, Physician and Surgeon-general. 
William Torrey, Lieutenant, Massachusetts Line. 
Robert Troup, Lieutenant-colonel and Aid-de-Camp. 
John Trambutl, Colonel and Deputy Adjutant-generaL 
Thomas Turner, Captain, Massachusetts Line. 
John F. Vacher, Surgeon, New York Line. 
Philip Van Courtlaadt, Colonel, Sd New York Regiment. 
Cornelius Van Dyck, Lieutenant- colonel, 1st New York Regiment. 
Henry Vandeburg, Captain, 2d New York Regiment 
Bartholomew Vandeburg, Ensign, 8d New York Regiment. 
John Van Dyok, Oaptain-lientenAnt, New York ArtUlery. 
Rudolph Van Hovenbuigh, lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment 
David Van Home, Captain Pennsylvania Line. 
Jeremiah Van Rennselaer, lieutenant and Paymaster, Ist N. Y. B^gt 
Gooss4 Van Sohaick, Colonel, 1st New York Regiment 
Garret Van Wagenen, Surgeon, 8th Pennsylvania Regiment 
Tunis Van Wagenan, Lieutenant, 2d New York Regiment 
Richard Varick, Lieutenant-colonel and Deputy Mus. Mr. GeneraL 
Veter Vosborough, Captain, Livingston's Regiment 
Nicholas Van Rennselaer, Lieutenant, 1st New York Regiment 
John Waldron, Captain-lieutenant, New York Artillery. 
Benjamin Walker, Captain, Sd New York Regiment 
Jedediah Waterman, Ensign, 8th Massachusetts Regiment 
James Wafibn, Captain, New York line. 
21 



483 SOCIETY OF THB CINOIMNATI. 

Binmel B. Webb, Colonel, 8d ConneoUont Begiment. 

Chmiies F. WeiMnfels, Lieatenmnt, 8d New York Regiment 

Frederick Weieenfels, Deatenmiit-oolonel, New York Line. 

Jacob H. Wendell, Lieutenant and A^jatant, let New York Begunent. 

John H. Wendell, Captain, do. 

Michael Wetaell, IJeatenant, New York Artillery. 

Andrew White, Lieatenant, Sd Begiment, New Yoric 

Anthony Walton White, Colonel, let Begiment Light Diagoouw 

Marinas Willett, Lieatenant-col<mel, 6th New Yoric Begiment. 

Bobert Wilson, Eneign, let New York Begiment. 

Jacob Wright, Captun, 8d New York Begiment. 

'^hraim Woodmff, Lieatenant, do. 

Peter Woodward, lieutenant, Conneotiout Line. 

MXMBIRS OF THB P&ITKSTLTANIA SOOISTY OF TBI ClKOIKHATI, IB 
THB OBDBR IN WHICH THBT SUBSOMBBD, IK DbOBMBBR, 1788. 

John Armstrong, Lieutenant, 8d Foinsyl^tania Be^ment. 
Thoe. WyliB, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery Artificers. 
Frauds White, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 
James McLean, Lieatenant of Invalids. 
8am. Doty, Captain4ieatenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
W. Ferguson, Captain, do. 

David Zeigler, Captain. 

F. Mentges, Lieutenant-coloBol and Inspector, Southern Army. 
J. Pratt, Ideutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
Bichd. Fullerton, Lieatenant and Adjutant, 1st Penn. BagimeBl. 
Geo. Bush, Captun, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
John StridEcr, Lieutenant, do. 

Erkuries Beatty, Lieutenant, do» 

Wm. Moore, lieutenant, 1st Begiment Dragoons. 
Bobt. McConnell, Captain-lieutenant of Artillery. 
Jab. Weitxel, Lieutenant, let Pennsylvania Be^ment. 
Wm. Wilson, Captain, do. 

James Armstrong, Captain, Lee's Legion. 
Jno. Bankson, Captun, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 
J. McFariane, Dentenant, do. 

Jno. Markland, lieutenant, do. 

Jno. Bush, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment 
Thoe. Doyle, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 
^ Joe. Harmar, Deutenant-colonel, do. 

B. Allison, Surgeon's Mate, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment 
Andw. Lytle, Lieutenant, Ist Pennsylvania Begiment. 
' T. Sody, Captain, Sd Pennsylvania Begunent * 
John Doyle, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment 



600IBTT OP THE OtNOINNATI. 488 

Jas. F. HoPheraon, Lientenant, Ist Pennsylvftnia BeghiMiit. 

William Magaw, Sargeon, do. 

Anty. Wajne, Brigadier-general, Pennsylvania Line. 

William MoHatton, Captain of Invalids. 

C. De Maroellin, Lientenant, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Le Boy, laentenant, do. 

Le Chevalier De Lambert, Lieutenant d'Artillerie. 

H. Henly, Lleatenant, Ist Pennsylvania Begiment 

Andrew Henderson, Ideatenant, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Joseph Ashton, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Edward Speer, Lieatenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Bobt. MoMordie, Chaplain, 1st Pennsylvania Brigade. 

John Stoy, Captain-lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
^^ Walter Stewart, Colonel, and Inspector of Northern Army. ^ 

&IOS Beeves, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment 

James Morris Jones, Lieutenant, do. 

Jno. McDowell, Surgeon, Pennsylvania Line. 

B. Edwards, Migor, 4th Pennsylvania Be^ment 

P. Peres, Surgeon, Qerman Begiment 
*^ Andrew Porter, Lieutenant-ocdonel, Com*t Pennsylvania Begt. Artillery. 
' Francis Nichols, Lieutenant-colonel. 

Francis Proctor, Major of Artilleiy. 

William Murrin, Lieutenant 2d Pennsylvania Begiment 

Hen. D. Pnrcell, do. do. 

Andw. Walker, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment 

Stewart Herbert, Lieutenant, do. 

J. Maokinney, do. do. 

Francis Johnston, Colonel, Pennsylvania. 

Ja : Chiystie, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment 

Henry Bicker, Captain, 11th Pennsylvania Begiment 

Wilder Bevins, Lieutenant 

Beig. Lodge, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment 

Thomas Dungan, Lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment 

T. Bobinson, Lieutenant-colonel, do. 

Jas. Gkunble, lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Henry Piercy, lieutenant, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment 

Alezr. Parker, Captun, do. 

Jas. Chambers, Colonel, Pennsylvania. 

Matthew Mans, Surgeon, Invalid Begiment 

Fredk. Vernon, Major, 1st Pennsylvania Be^ment 

J. Orier, Major, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment 

John B. Webster, Captain-lieutenant 

J. Moore, Major, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment 

A. G. Claypoole. Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment 
*— Daniel Brodhead, Colonel, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment 

Matthew McConnell, Captain of Invalids. 



484 BOCIETY'OF THE CTNCIKXATI. 

James Qtentwortli, Lieatenmnt, 2d Peniisylvuiia B^glmtnt. 

J. Stake, Captain, Sd Pemwylyania Begiment. 

W. Van Lear, Captain, Uh Peimayivania Begiment. 

T. B. Bowen, Captain, lit Penssylvania Begiment. fkA^ ^ ' ' 

W. Maqxbenen, Kijor. 

Davd. 8. Franks, Mi^or. 

Jesse Crosley, Gaptainrfientenant, Pennsyhrania Artillery. 

Jno. Strieker, Captaan^ientenaat, 4tli PennsyiTania ArtiHery. 

Stephen Me^an, Colonel, 4tlL Begiment light Dragoons. 
— Zebn. Pike, Captain, do. do. 

John Davis, Captain. 

Isaao Craig, Mi^r, Pennsylvania ArtiUeiy. 
^ Stephen Bayard, lientenant-eolonel, Sd Pennsylvania Begiment. 

W. Finney, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 

8. Montgomery, Captain, 8d Peims^vania Begiment. 

John B. B. Bogers, Sargeon, do. 

Wm. McCordy, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Jno. Beily, Captain, Invalid Begiment, Penneyivania. 

Thoe. Proctor, Colonel, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Cfaas. Tomball, Captain, do. 

James Lloyd, Captain-lieutenant, Artillery. 

James Hamilton, Major, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Ph. Liebery, Captain of Invalids. 

Jean Aug. De Florat, Captain, and Assistant Engineer. 

Jno. Wigton, Lieutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Be^ment 

John Harper, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Begiment. 

John Christie, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Benj. Bartholomew, Captain, 5th Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Saml. A. MoCofE^y, Sui^geon, Pennsylvania ArtiU^y Artifloen. 

John Jordan, Captain, do. do. 

Isaao Van Home, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Js. Campbell, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Jno. MoClelan, Captain, do. 

J. MoCulIam, Lieutenant and Adjutant, 4th Pennsylvanis Begiment. 

Beading Beatty, Surgeon, Pennsylvania ArtUleiy. 

Wm. Sproat, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment 

Bichd. Butler, Colonel, do. 

Isaao B. Dunn, M^jor, do. 

W. McDowell, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Edw. Crawford, Lieutenant, 8d Pennaylvania Begiment. 

John Bose, do^ do. 

Wm. Martin, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 

John Marshall, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Jas. Parr, Migor. 

C. North, Lientenant-oolonel, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment. 

Ln. Davis, Lieutenant, Sd Pennsylvania Begiment. 



SOOIBTr OF THE CINOINNATL 485 

Franois Mamy, Lieatenant-ooloneL 
Wm. Bogers, Chaplain, 8d Pennsylvania Brigade. 
James B. Beid, Migor. 
John Patterson, Captain. 

John Van Court, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Jno. Stotesbury, Captain. 

Jas. Pettigrew, Lieutenant, Sd Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Peter Smith, Lieutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
John Armstrong, jr., Mf^r. 

Edmund Bonrke, Captain, 1st Pennsylvania Begiment. 
T. Boude, do. dow 

George Stevenson, Hospital Mate. 
Bobt Parker, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Jas. MoMiohael, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Bc^^ent. 
Levi Griffith, Lieutenant, 6th Pennsylvania Begiment. 
James Montgomery, Captain. 
Thomas Douglas, Captain of Artilleiy. 
Barnabas Binney, Hospital Surgeon. 
Thoe. Bond, jr., Purveyor. ^ 
£dwd. Hand, Major-generaL 
T. Campbell, Captain. 
Wm. Lusk, do. 
Geoige North, Lieutenant. 

Andw. Irvine, Captun, Ist Pennsylvania Begiment. 
~^John Nevill, Colonel, 4th Virginia Begiment. 
John Boyd, Captain-lieutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
Jacob Mytinger, Lieutenant, Von Heer^s Cavalry. 
Jno. Miohon, Lieutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
Bobt Sample, Captain, 10th Pennsylvania Begiment. 
Alex. Benstead, Lieutenant, do. 

Wm. Henderson, Captain, let Pennsylvania Begiment. 
Bobert Wilkin, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Begiment. 
Adm. Hubley, jr., Lieutenant-colonel, 11th Pennsylvania Begiment 
Worsley Ernes, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Nat. Irish, Captain, Pennsylvania Artillery Artifloen. 
Thomas M. MoCalla, Suigeon, 4th Begiment Light Bragoontt. 
Ezekiel Howell, Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
Bobt. Cdtman, Captain, do. do. 

John Bryce, do. do. do. 

Matthew- MoGuire, do. do. do. 

Bobert McGaw, Colonel, 6th Pennsylvania Begiment 
James G. Heron, Captain, Hazen^s Begiment 

Wm. Sade, Captun, 11th Penn. Begiment, and Assistant Ge<^graph«r. 
Wm. Wilkius, Captain of Invalids. 
James Gilchrist, Lieutenant, 5th Pennsylvania Begiment 
Thoa. Molntire, Captain. 



486 800IETT OF THE OINCINNATL 

BUokall Wm. Ball, Lieuteoaiit, 8d Pennflylvania Regiment. 
John Humphrey, Lieutenant, 4th PennBylvania Regiment. 
William Power, Captain of Artillery. 
James Smith, Captain-lieutenant, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
L. Keene, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Beig^ment, and Aid-de-Camp. 
A. 8t. Clair, Migor-general. 
Jer. Jackson, Captain. 
Job Vernon, do. 
Robert Patton, do. 
SamU Smith, do. 

BobH Martin, Lieutenant, Ist Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Philippe Avabing, Lieutenant of Dragoons. 
John Craig, Captain of do. 

Ber'd Eibley, Ci^tain, German Regiment 
James Davidson, Surgeon, 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
J. Tslbott, Migor, eth do. ~ do. 

George Tudor, do. 6th do. do. 

SamU Bryson, Lieutenant, 4th do. do. 

Wm. Price, Captain, German Regiment. 
Jonah Hallett, Lieutenant, Partisan Legion. 
Wm. Williams, Captain of Invalids. 
Philip Shrawder, Captain, German Regiment. 
Samuel Talbott, Captain, 2d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
BsrtholV Von Heer, Mijor, Light Dragoons. 
SamM Reed, Lieutenant, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Gabriel Peterson, Lieutenant, 8d Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Daniel St. Clair, do. do. do. 

John Weidraan, Lieutenant, German Regiment. 
William McMurmy, Captain of Sappen and Minen. 
Jeremiah Freeman, Captidn, Pennsylvania Artillery. 
. Hugh Martin, Suigeon, 8th Pennsylvania Regiment. 
Joseph L. Finley, Captain, 8d Pennsylvania Re^^ent 
Jdo. Nice, do. 6th do. do. 

Will. Mackey, do. 9th do. do. 

John Hughes, Lieutenant, 4th do« do. 

J. B. Illden, do. ^ 

Richard Humpton, ColoneL 
J. Simonds, Captain, Pennsylvania ArtOleiy 
Jacob Bower, do. 

Members of the Maryland Sooistt of the Cincinnati. 



W. Smallwood, Mijor-general. 
M. Gist, Brigadier-genend. 
O. H. Williams, do. 
N. Ramsey, Lieutenant-coloneL 



John Ecdeeton, Mi^. 
Joshua Barney, Captain, Navy. 
John Nicholson, do. do. 
H. Hardman, Mi\|or. 



BOOIXTT OF THB OIHCmilATI. 



487 



John Davidson, Migor. 
WilUani D. Beall, do. 
William Brown, do. 
John Cotes, CapUun. 
Bichard Dorsey, do. 
David Morrow, Surgeon. 
Ecekiel Hayne, do. 
Thomas Boyd, Lieatenant 
Samuel Morrow, Sorgeon. 
James Armstrong, Chaplain. 
Thomas Mason, Captain. 
Samuel MoPherson, da 
Henry Baldwin, lieutenant. 
James Brocco, do. 

J. Hamilton, Captain. 
William Campbell, do. 
George Hamilton, da 
John L. Elbert, Surgeon. 
N. Bicketts, Lieutenant. 
David Hopkins, Captain. 
Basil Buigese, Lieutenant. 
Thomas Frioe, do. 
James Smith, Captain. 
Jonathan Morris. 
Edward Hall, lieutenant 
Isaac Bawlings, da 
Bdward Oldham, Captain. 
WiUiam Beily, 4a 

John Kilty, do. 

John Jordan, da 

Ferry Benson, da 

iioyd Beall, do. 

Abraham Iiamar, da 
Michael Boyer, do. 

John J. Jacobs, Dentenaot. 
Edward Dyer, Captain. 
Philip Reed, do. 
Samuel Hanson, Lieutenant. 
Arthur Harris, do. 

Samuel B. BeaU, do. 
Edward Spurrier, Captain. 
James Peale, do. 

J. Brevitt, Lieutenant. 

WiUiam Pendeigast, da 
Thomas Bous^ do. 

William Eilt^, Surgeon. 



Francis Bevelly, Captain. 
Thomas Bealty, Lieutenant. 
Mark MoPherson, do. 
Henry Gaither, Captain. 
John Sears, Lieutenant. 
Christopher Bichmond, Captain. 
Edward Compton, Lieutenant. 
Jno. H. Stone, Colonel. 
Samuel F. Keene, Surgeon's Mate. 
John Sprigg Belt, Captain. 
Samuel Smith, Lieutenant-odonaL 
John Qunby, Colonel. 
Jamea Craike, Physician. 
John Hughes, Captain. 
Benjamin Price, do. 
James Bruf^ da 

William Bruce, da 
Elisha Harrison, Surgeon's Mate. 

A. Tuinehill, Captain. 
J. D. Carey, LieutenanL 
James Mann, Surgeon. 
John Gassaway, Captain. 
Thomas A. Dyson, LieutenauL 
Henry Clements, do. 
Samuel Edmiston, da 
Joho T. Lowe, ^a 
WiUiam Smoote, da 
Elihu Hall, da 
Malaohi Bonham, do. 
Heaekiidi Ford, da 
Gerard Wood, Surgeon's Mjite. 
Henry H. Chapman, Lientenantb 
Isaac Hanson, da 
Bei^jamin Fickle, da 

B. Anderson, Captain. 
John Smith, do. 
James W. Gray, do. 
John Mitchell, do. 
Nathan Wright, Lieutenant. 
William Goldsborough, da 
Walter Muse, Captain. 

James Baques, LieutenanL 
Clement Skerrett, do. 
Henry Gassaway, da 

Bobert Gerry, da 

Edward Pratt^ Captain. 



488 



A018 OF THE LEGISLATUBE OF VIRGINIA. 



Horatio Clagett, Captain. 
John Swan, Major. 
James M. Lingan, Captain. 
Beadu Davis, do. 

James McFadon, Lieutenant. 
Mountjoy Bailoy, Captain. 
Paul Bentalon, do. 

John Cariisle, Major. 
B. MeAUuter, Captain. 
John Gale, Migor. 
Biohard Waters, Captain. 
Moses Bawlings, Colonel. 
George Handy, Caption. 
John Tmeman, Lientenani. 
Cfassaway Watkins, CaptaxB. 
Joseph Smith, do. 

Levin Denwood, Surgeon. 
Alexander Truemon, Captain. 
Joseph Cross, Lieatenant. 
John Smith, Captain. 
James Somerville, do. 
Bobert Denny, Lieatenant 
James G. Heron, Captain. 
Daniel Jennifer, Surgeon. 



John E. Howard, Cdonel. 
J. C. Hall, do. 

B. Pindell, Sorgeon. 
J. Sellman, Major. 

Tench 'nighman, Lieiiteiuuit-«oIoiML 
Levin "Winder, do. 

Walter Warfield, Soi^geon. 
Thomas Woolford, Lieut. CoL 
Benjamin Brooks, Mi^r. \^^ 
Thomas Lansdale, do. 
L. W. WiUiama, Captus. 
James Swing, do. 

Biohard ChideisoHy do. 
James Winchester, do. 
Samnel T. Wright, do. 
G. Winchester, LieotenaiKt. 
D. Lnokett, do. 

Osbom Williams, do. 
John Lynn, do. 

Joshsa Btttledge, d^ 
Philip Hill, dow 

P. Fitzhngh, Captain. 
Nathan Wright, Lientenaul. 
John Lynoh^ Miyor. 



ACTS OF THE LEGISUTURE OF VffiCmiA 



Relating to Bountt Lands, Half-Pat and Commutation, ahi^ 
TO THB Assumption of thb Patmbnt of the Half-Pat Claims 

OF Virginia bt the General Government, per Act of Con- 
gress, approved Jult 6, 1882. 

Congress, by Rcts of tJbe 16th and IStb of September^ 177G, 
and others sabseqaent thereto, stipulated grants of land to the ofli- 
cers and soldiers of the Continental army, and to certain officers of 
the medical department At that period. Congress had no land at 
its disposal, for all of it belonged to the States ; and it would have 
been compelled to purchase lands to make good its contracts, had 
it not been for the liberality of the States. 



JkOn OF THB UBGIBLATUBB OF yiBOIRIA. 480 

In €k>ifOEnB, September 18, 178S, 

The committee, consisting of Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Ellsworth, Mr. 
Bedford, Mr. Gorham, and Mr. Madison, to whom was referred the 
act of the Legislature of Virginia, of the 2d of January, 1781, and 
the report thereon, report that they haye considered the several 
matters referred to them, and obserye that the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia, by the act of the 2d of Januaiy, 1781, resolved that they 
would yield to the Congress of the United States for the benefit of 
the said States, all right, title, and claim which the said common- 
wealth hath to the lands northwest of the river Ohio, upon the fol- 
lowing conditions, viz. : 

1. That the territory so ceded should be laid out and formed 
into States, containing a suitable extent of territory, not less than 
one hundred nor more than one hundred and fifty miles square, or 
as near thereto as circumstances will admit ; and that the States so 
formed should be distinct republican States, and admitted members 
of the federal Union, having the same rights of sovereignty, free- 
dom, and independence as the other States. 

2. That Virginia should be allowed and fully reimbursed by the 
United States her actual expenses in reducing the British posts at 
the Easkaskias, at St Vincent's, the expenses of maintaining gar- 
risons, and supporting civil government there since the reduction 
of the said posts, and, in general, all the charges she has incurred 
on account of the country on the northwest side of the Ohio River 
since the commencement of the present war. 

8. That the French and Canadian inhabitants, and other settlers 
of the Easkaskias, St Vincent's, and the neighboring villages, who 
have professed themselves citizens of Virginia, should have their 
possessions and titles confirmed to them, and should* be protected in 
the enjoyment of their rights and liberties; for which purpose 
troops should be stationed there, at the charge of the United States, 
to protect them from the encroachments of the British forces at 
Detroit or elsewhere, unless the events of the war should render it 
impracticable. 

4. As Colonel George Rogers Clarke planned and executed the 

2J* 



490 AOTB OF THE LEQI8LATUBB OF YIROIBIA. 

secret expedition by which the British posts were reduced^ and was 
promised, if the enterprise sacceeded, a liberal gratuity in lands in 
that country, for the officers and soldiers who first marched thither 
with him ; that a quantity of land, not exceeding 150,000 a&eB^ 
should be allowed and granted to said officers and soldiers, and the 
other officers and soldiers that have since been incorporated into 
the said regiment, to be laid off in one tract, the length of whkh 
n<^ to exceed double the breadth, in such place on the northwest 
side of the Ohio River as the majority of the officers should choose, 
and to be afterwards divided among the said officers and s<^diei8, 
in due proportion, according to the laws of Virginia. 

5. That in case the quantity of good lands on the southeast side 
of the Ohio, upon the waters of the Cumberland River, and be- 
tween the Green River and Tennessee River, which have been re- 
served by law for the Virginia troops upon Continental establish- 
ment, should, from the North Carolina line bearing in further upon 
the Cumberland lands than was expected, prove insufficient for their 
legal bounties, the deficiency should be made up to the said troops 
in good lands, to be laid off between the rivers Scioto and Little 
Miami, on the northwest side of the Ohio, in such proportions as 
have been engaged to them by the laws of Virginia. 

6. Hiat all the lands within the territory so ceded to the United 
States, and not reserved for, or appropriated to, any of the befixe- 
mentioned purposes, or disposed of in bounties to the officers and 
soldiers of the American army, should be considered as a common 
fund for the use and benefit of such of the United American States 
as have become, or shall become, members of the confederation or 
federal alliance of the said States, Virginia inclusive, according to 
their usual respective proportions in the general charge and ex- 
penditure, and ^ould be faithfully and bona Jlde disposed of for 
that purpose, and for no other use or purpose whatever. 

7. And therefore, that all purchases and deeds from any Indian 
or Indians, or from any Indian nation or nations, for any lands within 
any part of the said territory which have been, or should be, made 
for the use or benefit of any private person or persons whatsoever, 
and royal grants within the ceded territory, inconsistent with the 



ACTS OP TUB LEGISLATURE OF YIBGINL^. 491 

chartered rights, laws, and customs of Virginia, should be deemed 
and declared absolatelj void, and of no effect, in the same manner 
as if the said territory had still remained subject to, and part o^ 
the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

8. That all the remaining territory of Virginia, included between 
the Atlantic Ocean and the southeast side of the river Ohio, and 
the Maryland, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina boundaries, should 
be guarantied to the Commonwealth of Virginia by the said United 
States. 

Whereupon your conunittee are of opinion, that the first con- 
dition is provided for by the act of Congress of the 10th of October, 
1780. 

That in order to comply with the second condition, so fiu* as has 
been heretofore provided for by the act of October 10, 1780, it is 
agreed that one commissioner should be appointed by Congress, one 
by the State of Virginia, and another by those two commissioners; 
who, or a majority of whom, should be authorized and empowered 
to adjust and liquidate the account of the necessary and reasonable 
expenses incurred by the said State, which they may judge to be 
comprised within the true intent and meaning of the said recited 
act. 

With respect to the third condition, the committee are of opinion 
that the settlers therein described should have their possessions and 
titles confirmed to them, and be protected in the enjoyment of their 
rights and liberties. 

Your committee are fiirther of opinion that the fourth, fifth, and 
aixth conditions, being reasonable, should be agreed to by Congress. 

With respect to the seventh condition, your committee are of 
opinion that it would be proper for Congress to declare the pur- 
chases and grants therein mentioned, absolutely void and of no effect ; 
and that the sixth condition, engaging how the lands beyond the 
Ohio shall be disposed of, is sufBicient on this point 

As to the last condition, your committee are of opinion that Con- 
gress cannot agree to guarantee to the Commonwealth of Virginia 
the land described in the said condition, without entering into a 
discussion of the right of t^e 9t&te of Vii|rinia to the said land ; 



482 YIBOINIA BOUKTT LANDS. 

and that, bj the acts of Congress, it appears to have been their in- 
tention to avoid all discnasion of the territorial rights of individual 
States, and only to recommeDd and acoept a cession of their claims, 
whatsoever they might be, to vacant territory. Your committee 
conceive this condition of a guarantee to be either unnecessary or 
unreasonable ; inasmuch as, if the land above mentioned is really 
the property of the State of Virginia, it is sufSciently secured by 
the confederation ; and if it is not the property of that State, then 
is no reason or consideration for such guarantee. 

Your committee, therefore, upon the whole, recommend, that if 
the Legislature of Virginia make a session conformable to this re- 
port, Congress accept such cession. 

The Legislature of Virginia did, at their session commenced Oc- 
tober 20, 1783, cede to the United States the said territory, on the 
principles recited in the aforesaid act of S^>tember 13, 1783. 

Virginia Bounty Lands. 

Virginia, holding immense tracts of nnapprof»iated land^ very 
soon adopted the idea suggested by Congress, of granting land 
bounties to her officers and soldiers, both in the SkUe and Conti- 
nental establishments ; and having it more in her power, she was 
more liberal than Congress in tiiose grants. 

By act of May, 1779, chapter 6, concerning officers, sddiefs, sail- 
ore, and marines, a bounty of one hundred acres is allowed to each 
private at the end of the war ; and to the officers, the like quan- 
tity as is aUowed to officers of the same rank in the Virginia regi- 
ments on Continental establishment By the same law, two hon- 
dred acres are given to each volunteer soldier who served under 
Colonel George Rogers Clarke, until the reduction of the poets in 
the Illinois country, and to each soldier who should re-enlist for 
the protection of the Illinois country, one hundred acres, and the 
like quantity to each trooper of cavalry who should enlist for the 
war, for the defence of the eastern frontier. 

A quantity of land not exceeding 150,000 acres, was reserved to 
satisfy the officere and soldiers under Col. George Rogers Clark% 
in the cession of the northwestern territory to the United States^ 



VIRGINIA BOUMTY LAimS. 493 

The act of May, 1779, chapter 13, prescribed the evidence on 
which warrants for land buonties shall issue, and by the same 
chapter, a tract of country, bounded by the Green River, the Cum- 
berland Mountains, the North Carc^ina Line, the Tennessee River, 
and the Ohio River, was reserved for the officers and soldiers. A 
considerable part of this territory having fallen into North Caro- 
lina, by the extension of the boundary Hue between that State and 
Virginia, a further tract of land, included within the rivers Missis- 
«ppi, Ohio, and Tennessee, and the Cardina boundary line, was 
Bubetituted by the act of November, 1781, chap. 19, in lieu of that 
80 fallen into North Carolina. By the same act, section 9, a provi- 
sion is made for surveying their lands ; section 12 declares that the 
bounties in lands given to the officers in the Virginia line in Con- 
tinental service, and the regulations for surveying, shall be extended 
to the State officers ; section 13 gives the cavalry the same advan- 
tages as the in&ntry ; and section 14 entitles the officers and sea- 
tnen of the navy to the same advantages as those in the land service. 

But the act of October, 1782, is more explicit as to the navy, and 
declares that the ^ officers, seamen, and marines, and their repre- 
sentatives, shall be entitled to the same bounty in lands and other 
emoluments as the officers and soldiers of the Virginia line on 
Continental establishment." 

Act OoTOTia, 1779» CHAPTxa 9. 

Be it enacted by the General AesemUy^ That every person act- 
ing as chaplain, surgeon, or surgeon's mate, to any regiment or 
brigade of officers and soldiers raised in this Commonwealth, and 
upon Continental establishment, and who hath or shall hereafter 
sei-ve in that office the space of three years^ or during the war, shall 
be entitled to and have the like quantity of lands as is by law al- 
lowed to commissioned officers receiving the same pay and rations. 

Chapter 21 of the act of October, 1779, fixes the quantity of 
land referred to in chap. 9, as follows : 

Be it enacted, That the officers who shall serve in the Virginia 
Line on Continental establishment, or in the army or navy on State 
establishment, to the end of the present wary and the non-commis- 



494 VmOINIA BOCMTY LANDS. 

Bioned officers, soldiere, and sailors, upon either of the said estab- 
lishments, their heirs or legal representatives, shall respectively be 
entitled to and receive the proportion and quantities ot land fol- 
lowing : that 18 to say, every Colonel^ 5000 acres ; every Lieuten- 
ani-cohnel^ 4500 acres ; every Major, 4000 acres ; every Captainj 
8000 acres ; every subaltern, 2000 acres ; every ncn-^ommunoned 
officer, who, having enlisted for the war, shall have served to the 
end thereof, 400 acres ; and every soldier and mUor, under the like 
circumstances, 200 acres ; every nonrComnUssioned officer, who, hav- 
ing enlisted for the term of three years, shall have served out the 
same, or to the end of the present war, 200 acres ; and every sol- 
dier and sailor, under the like circumstances, 100 acres ; every 
officer of the navy, the same quantity of land as an officer of equal 
rank in the army. And where any officer, soldier, or saUor, ^all 
have fallen or died in the service, his heirs or legal representatives 
shall be entitled to and receive the same quantity of land as would 
have been due to such officer, soldier, or sailor respectively, had 
he been living. 

Aor OoroBSE, 1780, OHAPTsa 8. 
And each recruit, and also all our soldiers, now in service, that 
have already enlisted, or may hereafter enlist, by the first day of 
April next, to serve during the war, and who shall continue to serve 
faithfully to the end thereof, shall then receive a healthy sound negro, 
between the ages of ten and thirty years, or sixty pounds in gold or 
silver, at the option of the soldier, in lieu thereof, to be paid for or 
procured by equal assessment on property ; and, moreover, be en- 
entitled to 300 acres of land, in lieu of all such bounties given by 
any former laws. 

OoTOBUL, 1780, Chaftbr 27. 

Be it enacted. That there shall be allowed to a Major-general 
15,000 acres of land, and to a Brigadier-general, 10,000 acres of 
land, to be reserved to them and their heirs, in the same manner 
and on the same conditions, as is by law heretofore directed for 
the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line in Continental ser- 



VIKOINIA BOUNTT LANDS. 496 

yice ; and there shall be, moreover, allowed to *all the officers of 
this State, on Continental or State establishments, or to the legal 
representatives of such officers, according to their respective ranks, 
an additional bounty in lands, in the proportion of one-third qfahy 
former bounty heretofore granted them. 

And he it further enacted^ That the legal representatives of any 
officer on Continental or State establishments, who may have died 
in the service before the bounty of lands granted by this or any 
former law, shall be entitled to demand and receive the same, in 
like manner as the officer himself might have done when living, 
agreeable to his rank. 

Act Hat, 1782, Ohafteb 47. 
And be it further enacted^ That any officer or soldier who bath 
not been cashiered or superseded, and who hath served the term of 
three years successively, shall have an absolute and unconditional 
title to his respective apportionment of the land i4>propriated as 
aforesaid ; and for every year which every such officer or soldier 
may have continued, or shall hereafter continue in service, beyond 
the term of six years, to be computed from the time he last went 
into service, he shall be entitled to one-sixth part in addition to the 
quantity of land appropriated to his rank respectively. 

Act Octobxb, 1782, Chapter 86. 
And that all officers, seamen, and marines, or their representa- 
tives, shall be entitled to the same bounty in lands and other emol- 
uments as the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line on Conti- 
nental establishment. 

Act Octobeb, 1783, Chafteb 4. 
And be it further enacted, That the surveys under the direction 
of the superintendents, and the claimants having a right to survey 
from the priority of their numbei's, shall proceed in the first place 
to survey all the good lands, to be judged of by the superintendents, 
in that tract of country lying on the Cumberland and Tennessee 
rivers, as set apart by law for the said officers and soldiers, and then 
proceed in like manner to survey on the northwest side of the Ohio 



496 VIBOINIA. B0I7HTT LAITBS. 

River, between the riven Scioto and Little Miami, until the defi- 
ciency of all military bounties in lands shall be fully and amply 
made up. 

Act Ootobkb, 1784, Ohaptkb 16. 

Be it enacted, That the Governor, with the advice of the Council, 
shall be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered to suspend, 
for such time as he may think the tranquillity of the government 
may require, the surveying or taking possession of those lands that 
lie on the northwest side of the river Ohio, or below the mouth of 
the river Tennessee. 

In consequence of this last act the Governs of Yiiginia issued 
two proclamations, suspending surveys, the latter of which is as 
follows : 

PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas, in pursuance of the act of the General Assembly en- 
titled ^ An act authorizing the Governor, with the advice of the 
Council, to suspend, when necessary, the surveying of certain lands 
in the western country," his Excellency the Governor, with the ad- 
vice of the Council of State, on the 6th day of January, in the year 
of our Lord 1785, did suspend the taking possession and surveying 
of any lands on the northwest side of the Ohio, or below ^e mouth 
of the river Tennessee, until authority for that purpose shoiiald here- 
after be given, it appearing that the tranquillity of the government 
did at that time require such suspension ; but whereas the United 
States in Congress assembled, on the 9th day of May, in the year of 
our Lord 1786, did resolve ''that the surveyors, appointed pursuant 
to the ordinance for ascertaining the mode of disposing of lands in 
the western territory, should proceed in the execution thereof, with- 
in the east and west lines therein mentioned,'' and the superintend- 
ents of the surveys to be made on the lands allotted to the Virginia 
Line on Continental establishment, have requested that so much of 
the said proclamation as relates to the lands on the northwest side 
of the Ohio, should be annulled, and I have therefore thought fit, 
with the advice of the Council of State, hereby to annul so much 
of the said proclamation as relates to the lands on the northwest 
side of the Ohio. Edmund Randolph. 



YIBGINIA BOUHTT LANDS. 497 

In the year 1784, the superintendent appointed hy the deputa- 
tion of officers, proceeded to Kentucky for the purpose of laying 
off and surveying the lands in the military districts of the Kentucky 
reserve, hut found them in the possession of the Indians, and claimed 
by them. The settlers in the country earnestly r^resented to the 
Legislature of Virginia, that, if the surveys were persisted in, the 
infant and defenceless settl^nents in Kentucky would be involved 
in all the horrors and calamities of an Indian war. Aocctfdingly, 
at the October session of 1784, the Legislature authorized tke Gov- 
ernor of Virginia to suspend, for such time as he may think the 
tranquillity of the government may require, the surveying or taking 
possession of those lands which lie on the northwest side of the 
Ohio River, or below the mouth of the Tennessee Riv^, and whick 
have been reserved for the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line, 
and the Illinois Regiment. In pursuance of this authority, the 
Governor of Virginia, on the 6th of January, 1785, issued his pre- 
clamation suspending the surveys. Thus Virginia, by her own act, 
put it out of the power of her officers and soldiers, afiter the 6th of 
January, 1785, to locate their warrants. This inhibition by the 
State authority continued until the 10th of January, 1786, when 
the prohibition was continued by the act of the General Govern- 
ment. 

At that date, the treaty of Hopewell was concluded between the 
United States and the Chickasaw Indians, guaranteeing to the In- 
dians, as part of their habitation and hunting^ound, all the lands 
below the Tennessee River, and providing that if any citiaen of the 
United States, or any person not being an Indian, shall attempt to 
settle in any of the lands thereby allotted to the Chickasaws to live 
and to hunt on, such person shall forfeit the protection of the Uni- 
ted States of America, and the Chickasaws may puni^ him or not, 
as they please. 

The treaty of Hopewell remained in force until 1818, when the 
Indian title was extinguished. After that period Kentucky would 
not permit the location of military warrants to be made. 

"From 1792 to 1800, that portion of Kentucky,** says the Aud- 
itor of that State, ^ east of the high lands between the Tennessee 



498 



OFFIOEBS BBOEIVINQ LAND WARRANTS. 



and the Cumberland rivers, and reserved for the officers and soldiers 
of the Virginia State and Continental Lines, was not held in much 
estimation by the early land speculators and settlers, owing to the 
fact of the fear of Indian hostility, and likewise a belief that all the 
good lands on the riyers and creeks had been appropriated by the 
military claims, and the remainder thereof was poor and barren. 
Kentucky valued them thus: In 1795, at $30 per 100 acres; in 
1796, at $40 per 100 acres; and in 1800, at $20 per 100 acres. 

Owing to all these difficulties, military warrants in vast numbos 
have remained unlocated, and Congress at different times have ap- 
propriated vast quantities of western lands to satisfy the demand, 
but so enormous has been the quantity required, that up to 1844 
650,000 acres of warrants still remained unsatisfied and unlocated 



A List of Offickbs for whosb Rbyolutionart Skrtices Yn- 

GIKIA MlUTART LanD WaB&ANTS WBBE IsSUED PRIOR TO Dl- 

OUBKR 81, 1784. 

OtneraU. 



G«orge Rogers Clarke, 
HonOio Gates, 
Bobert Lawson, 
Hugh Mercer, 
Daniel Morgan, 



Geoige Baylor, 
^ Theodorio BUnd, 
William Brent, 
Abraham Buford, 
Bicbard Campbell, 
William Crawford, 
William Davis, 
Christian Febiger, 
Willi«n Finnie, 
Thomas Fleming, 
Nathaniel Gist, 
William Bossell, 
Gregory Smith, 
Hugh Stephenson, 



ChioMli. 



Peter Mohlenbeig, 
ChariesSoott, 
Baron Steuben, 
George Weedon, 
William Woodford. 



John Gibson, 
John Green, 
William Grayson, 
Charles Harrison, 
William Heth, 
Thomas Marshall, 
Geoige Mathews, 
Alexander MoClenahan, 
Geoige Muter, 
John Nevill, 
IsaaoBeed, 
Oliver Towies, 
Jamea Wood. 



OFTIGEBS BBOEiyiNO LAND WARRANTS. 



499 



lAeuienant-colonels, 



John AJliBon, 
Richard K Andenon, 
Robert Ballard, 
OkwayBird, 
Saronel J. Cabell, 
Edward Carrington, 
Jonathan Gark, 
Nathaniel Cooke, 
Joseph Crocket, 
John Cropper, 
Charles Dabney, 
William Darke, 
Eliaa Edmunds, 
Charles Flemming, 
Thomas Oaskins, 
Samuel Hawes, 
Samuel Hopkins, 
John Jameson, 
Levin Joiues, 



Other Ofieeri. 



Alexander, George, 
Allen, David, 
Allen, Edward, 
Allen, John, 
Anderson, John, 
Anderson, Robert, 
Archer, Joseph, 
Archer, Peter P^ 
Armistead, Thomaa, 
Armistead, Williain, 
Ashby, Stephen, 
4^by, Benjamin, 

Ballard, William, 
Barbee, Thomas, 
Bal m ai n , Alexander, 
Baylor, Walker, 
Baskerville, Samuel, 
Barron, James, 
Ball, Burgees, 
Baynham, John, 
Barbour, James, 
Bowyer, Thomas, 
Bowyer, Michael, 



Henry Lee, 
Thomas Mathews, 
Richard K. Meade, 
John Montgomery, 
Presley Nevill, 
William Nelson, 
Charles Porterfield, 
Levin Powell, 
Thomas Posey, 
Holt Richardson, 
Charles Simms, 
William B. Taliaferro, 
Richard Taylor, 
Benjamin Temple, 
Gustavus B. Wallace, 
Frederick Wamock, 
William Washington, 
John Webb. 



Banks, James, 
Baytop^ James, 
Baytop, John, ^^^^ 

Ballard, William|^^^ 
Baytop, Thomas, 
Baylis, William, 
Baylis, Henry, 
Bamett, William, 
Bamett, Chiswell, 
Barksdale, John, 
Ball, Daniel, 
Bailey, John, 
Baldwin, Cornelius, 
Bentley, William, 
Beale, Robert, 
Bedinger, Henry, 
Bell, Thomas, 
Bernard, William, 
Bennett, William, 
Beck, John, 
Beale, Robert, 
Beny, George, 
Bilfleld, John, 
Bell, Henry, 



600 



0FFI0BB8 BaOEmSQ LAVD WASRASTO. 



Biggs, BenJAinin, 
Blackwell, Joseph, 
Blaokwell, John, 
Black well, Samoel, 
BUckmore, George, 
Blanden, Seth, 
Blair, John, 
Browne, Thomas, 
Booker, Samuel, 
Booker, Lewis, 
Bohannan, AmbroM, 
Bowyer, Henry, 
Boush, Charles, 
Bo wen, John, — • 
Boewell, Meacham, 
Brodie, Ladwick, 
Browne, "Windsor, 
Brookes, Walker, 
Bradford, Samael E., 
Breckinridge, Alexander, 
Brown, Jacob, 
Brownlee, William, 
Brown, William, 
Brown, John, 
Brittain, John, 
Breckinridge, Bob«i\^ 
Brain, Peter B., 
Brooke, Edmand, 
Brooke, Francis, 
^ Brooke, John, 
Brown, Robert, 
Broados, James, 
Broadas, William, 
Bradley, James, 
Brashier, Richard, 
Bradley, Ghristophar, 
Butler, Lawrence, 
Burton, Hutchins, 
Burfort, Thomas, 
Buoker, Thomas, 
Butler, Samuel, 
Bullock, Rice, 
Burwell, Nathaniel, 

Christie, Thomas, 
CampbeU, WUliam, 



Campbell, Samuel, 
Campbell, Archibald, 
Carrington, Mayo, 
Carrington, George, 
Carrington, Clement, 
Callender, Eleazer, 
Carter, John C, 
Calmes, Marquis, 
Cannon, Luke, 
Casey, Beigamin, 
Carney, Martin, 
Carey, Samuel, 
Catlett, Thomas, 
Cames, Patrick, 
Call, Richard, 
Calvert, Joseph, 
Chamberlayne, Geoige, 
Chapman, John, 
Chilton, John, 
Cherry, William^ 
Chaplin, Abraham, 
Clay, Matthew, 
Clements, Maes, 
Clayton, Philip, 
Clay, Thomas, 
Clark, Ri^ard, 
Dark, William, 
Clark, Edmund, 
Clark, John, 
Claiborne, Riohaid, 
dererius, James, 
Coleman, Samuel, 
Coleman, Jacob, 
Coleman, Whitebsttdy 
Coleman, John, 
Coleman, Richard, 
Coleman, Wyatt, 
Cowherd, FranoiB, 
Cowne, Robert, 
Coveriey, Thomas, 
Cotterill, William, 
Conway, Joseph, 
Coke, Calvin, 
Coke, Pleasant, 
Cooper, Leonard, 
Croghan, WilliMD^ 



OFFfOEBS BBubiyiaO LAHD WAKBAVTB. 



mi 



Onddook, Bobert, 
CrAwforu, Johiif 
Cnmipi Abncfy 
Orittanden, John, 
Cnune, James, 
Cnlgy James, 
Orate, John, 
Ommingham, William, 
Gabberton, James, 
Cixrry, James, 

Dandridge, John, 
Dandridge, Bobert, 
Dandiidge, Alexander, 
Davis, Joseph, 
Dawson, Henrj, 
Darby, Nathaniel, 
Dade, Francis, 
Davenport, Opie, 
Dedham, Archibald, 
Delaplane, James, 
Diz, Thomas, 
Digges, Dudley, 
Dickerson, Edmonds, 
Dixon, Anthony F., 
Diok, Alexander, 
Dioklawman, Christopher, 
Dobson, Bobert, 
Drew, Thoms H., 
Drew, John, 
Draper, George, 
Dadley, Henry, 
Dudley, Bobert, 
Duff, Edward, 
Durall, Daniel, 
Dye, Jonathan, 

Easton, Philip, 
Easton, Biohard, 
Edmonds, Thomas, 
Eddins, Samuel, 
Edwards, Leroy, * 
Edmonson, Bei^amin, 
Eggleston, Joseph, 
Eggleston, William, 
^pes, William, 



A 



Xrskine, Charles, 
Eppes, WiUiam, 
Sskridge, William, 
Xustaoe, John (1), 
Eustaos, John («), 
Evans, Gkorge, 
Evans, William, 
EweTl, Ohsries, 
Ew^, Thomas, 
Ewing, Alexander, 

Fontleroy, Henry, 
Fontleroy, Griflln, 
Finn, Thomas, 
Findley, Samnel, 
Ferguson, Bobert, 
fields, Beaben, 
Fitqforald, John (1), 
Fitzgerald, John (8), 
Fltzhugh, William, 
Fltshngh, Perigrine, 
Fleet, John, 
Fleet, Henry, 
Flemming, John, 
Fowler, William, 
Fox, Thomas, 
Fox, Nathanid, 
Foster, James, 
Foster, Bobert, 
Foster, John, 
Frazey, Falvy, 

Oanh, Patrick, 
Gauh, John M., 
Oaines, William F., 
Gariand, Peter, 
Gamble, Bobert, 
George, William, 
Geranlt, John, 
George, Bobert, 
Gibson, John, jun^ 
Gilchrist, George, 
Gill, Samuel, 
Gibbs, Churchill, 
Gillison, John, 
Giles, John, 



0OS 



OFFK«B8 KEOtmSQ LAHI^ WASRAH1B. 



^Moook, Thomas, 
OordoDY Arthur, 
Gordon, Ambrose, 
Ooodwin, Dinwiddie, 
OreoD, John, 
Green, Bobert, 
Green, Samnel B^ 
Green, Gmbriel, 
Gmvee, WiUiam, 
Gray, GodfVey, 
Gray, WUliam, 
Griffith, DaTid (1), 
Graham, Walter, 
Gratton, John, 
Gray, Franoia, 
Gray, James, 
Gray, George, 
Griffith, David (S), 
Greer, Charles, 
Gnthrie, Geoige, 

ffM^^nnfff , John, 
Hayes, John, 
Harrison, John P^ 
Harrison, John, 
Harrison, Valentine, 
Harrison, Charles, 
Harrison, James, 
Hsrrison, Biohard, 
Harriscm, Willism B^ 
Harper, Jsmes, 
Haokley, John, 
Hamilton, James, 
Hsys, Thomas, 
Harcam, Bhodsm, 
Harris, John (1), 
Hsrris, Jordan, 
Harris, John (2), 
Haney, Holland, 
'Hawkins, John, 
•- Hawkins, Moses, 
Harvie, John, 
Heth, John, 
Heth, Henry, 
Healy, Martin, 
Henderson, David, 



Herbert, Thomas, 
Hin, Thomas, 
mil. Bailor, 
Hits, George, 
Hite, Abraham, 
Hite, Isaac, 
Higgins, Peter, 
Higgins, Bobert, 
Holmes, Benjamin, 
Hoomes, Thomas O^ 
Hoomes, David, 
Hoomes, Isaae, 
Holt, John H., 
Holt, Thomas, 
Holt, James, 
^ourd, Thomss, 
Hoffler, William, 
Holdoombe, John, 
Hockaday, Philip, 
Holland, George, 
Howell, Vinoent, 
Hogg, Samuel, 
Holmer, Christian, 
Hnghes, Pratt, 
Hnghes, John, 
Hughes, Jasper, 
Hughes, Henry, 
Hudson, John, 
Humphreys, John, 
Hurt, John, 
Huffman, Philip, 

Inniss, James, 

James, Michael, 
Jennings, John, 
Jones, Ssrauel, 
Jones, Strother, 
Jones, Lewis (1), 
Jones, Lewis (2), 
Jones, Charles, 
• Jones, Peter, 
Jones, Albrighton, 
Jones, Churchill, 
Jones, Cadwalader, 
Jonett, Matthew, 



V 



V 



OFFIOBBS BBCBITINa LAND WARRANTS. 



508 



Jonett, Robert, 
Johnson, Gideon, 
JofansoD, Willimm, 
Johnson, John B., 
Johnson, Willism, 
Johnson, Peter, 
JolifliB, John, 
Jordan, John, 
Jones, Gsbriel, 

Ksys, Robert, 
Esatsman, John, 
Kenedj, James, 
Kemp, Peter, 
Kemp, James, 
Kelly, Thaddy, 
Kemy, John, 
Kinley, Benjamin, 
Kennon, John, 
Keith, Isham, 
Keller, Abraham, 
Kendall, Costis, 
Kirk, Robert, 
King, Elisha, 
King, MUes, 
Kiriqpatri<^ Abraham, 
Knight, John, 
Knox, James, 

Lapsley, Samnel, 
Lapeley, John, 
Lawson, Bei\jamin, 
Langham, Elias, 
Larty, John, 
Lavfton, Claiborne, 
Lewis, WiHiam, 
Lewis, Geoige, 
Lewis, Addison, 
Lewis, Stephen, 
Lewis, Andrew, 
Lee, John, 
Lee, John, 

Lee, Phil. Francis F., 
Leigh, John, 
Leitcfa, Andrew, 
Lipsoomb, Bernard, 



Llpsoomb, Reuben, 
Lindsey, William, 
Lightbom, Richard, 
Livingston, Jostiee, 
Linton, John, 
Lilley, Thomas, 
Lipscomb, Tanoey, 
Lovely, William L., 
Long, Wniiam, 
Long, Renben, 
Longworth, Bwgess, 
Long, Gabriel, 
Longsford, William, 
Lndiman, William J^ 
Lnoas, James, 
Lnoas, Nathaniel, 
Lynd, Artluur) 

Marks, John, 
MarshaH, John, 
Marshall, Thomas, 
Marshall, Hamphrey, 
Marshall, James M., 
Mallory, Philip, 
Maury, Abraham, 
Mabin, James, 
Mann, David, 
Marston, John, 
Massey, Thomas, 
Marks, Isaiah, 
Markham, James, 
Martin, Thomas, 
Masaret, John, 
Magill, Charles, 
McDowell, John, 
McWilliams, Joshna, 
MoMahon, William, 
McClnng, James^ 
MoClong, Walter, 
MoGaire, William, 
MoAdam, Joseph, 
MoCarty, Richard, 
McAdams, John, 
MoElbany, John, 
Meriwether, Thomas, 
Meriwether, David, 



504 



OPnOBBS RVOBimfO LIKD WARRAITIB. 



M«riw«ai«r, JoiMS (1), 
lUriwether, JamM (8), 
MMiw«tber, Janm (8), 
Umd; Evenrd, 
- MeroMT, John F., 
Meradhh, WiUimi, 
Milli, John, 
MUler, Dmvkl, 
MiU«r, Jamm, 
MilUr, Thomw, 
lCm«r, WUliam, 
Minnk, Fmno)*, 
HitiDis, HoliiMii, 
Ifiimis, Cidlowhm, 
Hiddl«ton, BmO, 
Moody, Edward, 
Moodj^Jamea, 
Morton, Jamaa, 
Moaelj, Bai^jamitt (1), 
Moady, William, 
Moaaly, Benjamin (2), 
Moon, Alexandar, 
Moore, William, 
Moore, John, 
Moore, Peter, 
Moore, Eison, 
Moee, Henry, 
Morrow, Bebert, 
Morton, Hesekiah, 
Morgan, Simeon, 
Morgan, Spenoer, 
Montague, Biohard, 
Montgomery, Jamee, 
Moxley, Bhodam, 
Moontjoy, WiUiam, 
Mnir, Fraacia, 
Monroe, Jamee, 
Moir, John, 
Morray, Alnraham, 
Monroe, George, 

Ndson, John (1), 
Nekon, John (2), 
Nelaon, Boger, 
Nixon, Andrew, 
Noryell, Lipaoomb, 



Noland, Pleree, 
Nvttall, Iveraon, 

Oldham, Conway, 
Oliver, William, 
O'Neal, Ferdinand, 
Overton, Tfaomaa, 
Overton, John, 

Payne, Thomas, 
Payne, Tarltoo, 
P^fne, Joseph, 
Payne, Joaiah, 
Parker, Thomaa, 
Parker, Riebard, 
Parker, Nidiolas, 
Parker, WHliam H., 
Parker, Alexander, 
Parker, Joaiah, 
Parker, Thomas, 
Parsons, William, 
Patterson, Thomas, 
Payton, Dade, 
Page, Garter, 
Peyton, John, 
Peyton, Valentine, 
Peyton, Henry, 
Peyton, (George. 
Peyton, Bobert, 
Pendleton, Jama . 
Pendleton, Nathai ' 
Pelham, Charles, 
Pemberton, Thomaa, 
Pearson, Thomas, 
Perry, John, 
Pettos, John B., 
Peraolt, Michael, 
Perkins, Arohelans, 
Philips, Samuel, 
Pieroe, William, 
Porterfleld, Robert, 
Pointer, William, 
Poulson, John, 
Powell, Bobert, 
Powell, Thomas, 
Powell, Peyton, 



OFFIOBB8 SBOEiyiNa LAND WASBANT8. 



•606 



Powell, FranoiB, 
Powers, Sobeit, 
Poythress, Willkni, 
Porter, WUliam (1), 
Porter, WilliMn (2), 
Pope, Matthew, 
Prior, John, 
Pride, WiUiam B., 
Pagh, Willig, 
Purvis, James, 

Qnarles, James, 
Qoarles, Heniy, 
Qnarles, Thomas, 
Qoarles, Robert, 
(^oarles, WiUiam P., 
Qsarles, John (1), 
Quaries, John (2), 
Quirk, Thomas, 

Bagsdale, Dmiy, 
Randolph, Robert, 
Rankin, Robert, 
Ransdeil, Thomas, 
Read, Nathaniel, 
Read, Edmand, 
Read, Clement, 
Renner, John, 
Reddiok, Jason, 
Reddiok, Willis, 
Rhea, Matthew, 
Rice, Qeorge, 
Rioe, Nathaniel, 
Richardson, Walker, 
Ridley, Thomas, 
Rickman, William, 
Robertson, William, 
Robertson, James, 
Robins, John (1), 
Robins, John (2), 
Roberts, John, 
Rose, Robert, 
Robinson, John, 
Roane, Christopher 
Rogers, John, 
Rogers, William, 
22 



Roy, Beveriy, 
Rooney, John, 
Roasell, John, 
Rassell, Albert, 
Russell, Charles, 
Russell, Andrew 
Rust, Benjamin, 
Ruoker, Angus, 
Rudder, Epaphroditus, 
Rjdman, John, 

Saunders, William, 
Saunders, Joseph, 
Saunders, Celey, 
Savage, Joseph, 
Savage, Nathaniel, 
Sansum, Philip, 
Sayres, Robert, 
Soott, Charies, 
Scott, Walter, 
Soott, Joseph, jr., 
Soott, John (1), 
Soott, John (2), 
Soott, Joseph, sen^ 
Sayers, Thomas, 
Settle, Strotber, 
f Seldon, Samuel, 
, Shepherd, Abraham, 
Shearman, Martin, 
Skelton, Clongh, v 
Shield, John, 
Shackelford, William, 
Singleton, Joseph, 
Singleton, Anthony, 
Skinner, Alexander, 
Slaughter, John, 
Slaughter, Philip, 
Slaughter, William, 
Slaughter, Lawrenoe, 
Slaughter, Geoige, 
Slaughter, Augustine, 
Smith, Obadiah, 
Smith, William, 
Smith, Granville, 
Smith, Nathan, 
Smith, Francis, 



606 



OVnCXBS ftBOBIYINO LAKD WABBARTB* 



Smith, Oregorj, 
Bmith, Jonftthaiiy . 
Smith, Winiftm 8^ 
Smith, BaUm^ 
Smith, LarlriD, 
Smart, Biohard, 
Snead, Smithy 
Soothall, Stephen, 
SpottBwood, John, 
Speeoer, William, 
SpeDoer, John, 
Spiller^ William, 
Springer, Jaoob, 
Springer, Uriahs 
Stith, John (l\ 
Stith, John (8)v 
,^ Stephenson, David, 
Steele, John, 
Steele, William, 
Stokely, ChasleBv 
Steed, John, 
Stribling, Sigetmnnd, 
Stribling, ErasmnSy 
BlnbUeffekl, George^ 
Stnbblefleld^ Beverly^ 
Stoakee, John, 
Stephens, William^ 
Stephens, Edward^ 
Stnaft, PhUip, 
£tarke, William, 
Starke, Richard, 
Stott, William, 
Sommers, Simon, 
Ssmmerson, Oavin^ 
8wo<^, John, 
Swearingen, Joseph,. 
Swan^ John, 

— Tabb, Angiifltine, 
Tdiaferro, Be^jamin^ 
* Taliaferro, Nicholasy 
Taylor, Benjamin, 
Taylor, Siohard, 
Titykr, Reaben, 
Taylor, Francis^ 
TAylor, Isaao^ 



Taylor, Winiam, 
Taylor, Thoraton, 
Titem, Zeebariah, 
TsnaehiU, Joaiab^ 
Tsrfy, Nathaniel, 
ThompBoo, William, 
Thompson, Geoige, 
Thornton, Proeley, 
Thomas, Lewis, 
Throokmorten, Albion, 
Thweatt, Thomas, 
Tebbs, Thomas^ 
Tinaley, Samael, 
Tompkim, Soberty 
Tompkins, fieniy, 
Tompkins, Christopher, 
Tompkins, Daniel B., 
Townes, John, 
Todd, Bobert, 
Trant, Lawrence^ 
Trssrant, John, 
Trabne, John, 
Travia, Edward, 
Triplett, Geoige, 
Tntt^Oharies, 
Tamer, John, 
Tupman, John, 
^ler, John, 

Upshnr, lliomas, 
Upshur, James, 

Tan Metre, Josq^b, 
Vanoe, Robert, 
Vanse, WHUaas^ 
Yaughan, Claiborne, 
Vaoghan, John, 
Valentine, Edwiird, 
Valentine, Jaoob^ 
Vanderwall, Marks, 
Volloson, Armand, 
Vawtera, William, 
Vowles, Charles, 
Vowles, Ueury, 
Vowles, Waltsr, 



VntOlHU. HALF-FAT. 



507 



Wsmmi, TlioiiMs, 
WaUaoe, William B., 
Wallace, James (1), 
Wallaoe, James (2), 
Wallace, Adam, 
Wallaoe, Andrew, 
Walker, Jacob, 
Walker, David, 
Walker, Levin (1), 
Walker, Levin (8), 
Waggoner, Andrew, . 
Waltere, Richard C, 
Watte, John, 
Walk, George, 
Washington, Oeorg«, 
Waddy, Sharpleigh, 
Welch, Nathaniel, 
Webb, Isaac, 
West, Charles, 
White, Robert, 
White, John (1), 
White, John (2), 
White, Tarpley, 
White, William (1), 
White, Thomas, 
White, William (2), 
White, William (8), 
Whittaker, William, 
Whiting, Henrj, 
Whiting, Francis, 



Wilson, Willis (1), 
Wilson, Wmis (2), 
Winston, Bei^amin, 
Winston, John, 
Winston, William, 
Williams, James, 
Williams, Edward, 
Williams, David, 
Williams, Jarrett, 
Winiams, John, 
Willis, John W., 
Willis, Henry, 
Winlook, Joseph, 
Woodson, Frederick, 
Woodson, Hughes, 
Woodson, Tarieton, 
Woodson, Robert, 
Worsham, John, 
Worsham, Richard, 
Worsham, William, 
Wright, Wesoott, 
Wright, James, 
Wright, Patrick, 
Wyatt, Carey, 



Tarborongh, Charles, 
Yancey, Leighton, 
Tancey, Robert, 
Young, Henry. 



Non. — After the Revolution, the greater part of these officers emigrated te 
the military land districts in Ohio, Eentnoky, and Tenncesee, where their rep- 
resentatives now reside. 



YiBGiNiA Half-pat. 

Aor Mat Session, 1779. 

Be it enacted^ That all general officers of the armj, being citizens 
of this (Gomroon wealth, and all field-officers, captains, and subal- 
terns, commanding, or who shall command in the battalions of this 
Commonwealth, on Continental establishment, or serving in the 



608 VIEGINIA HALF-PAY. 

battalions raised for the immediate defence of this State, or for .the 
defence of the United States ; and all chaplains, physicians, sur- 
geons, and surgeons' mates, appointed to the said battalions, or any 
of them, being citizens of this Commonwealth, and not being in {he 
service of Georgia or of any other State, provided Congress do not 
make some tantamount provision for them, who shall serve hence- 
forward, or from the time of their being commissioned, until the 
end of the war ; and all such officers who have or shall become 
supernumerary on the reduction of any of the said battalions, and 
shall again enter into the said service, if required so to do, in tiie 
same or any higher rank, and continue therein until the end of the 
war, shall be entitled to half-pay during life, to conunence from the 
determination of their command or seiVice. 

Act NoymcBXE SmsioN, 1781. 
Be it enacted^ That the officers and seamen of the navy of this 
State, as they stand arranged by a late regulation, shall be entitled 
to the same advantages as the officers belonging to this State in 
the land service, agreeable to their respective ranks. 

The officers of Virginia under those acts prosecuted their claims 
" for half-pay to judgment in the courts of the State, and Congress 
assumed the payment of those judgments, d^c, by the following 

AOT, APPBOIVSO JULT 6, 1883. 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the United States of America^ in Congress assembled^ That the 
proper accounting officers of the Treasury do liquidate and pay the 
accounts of the Commonwealth of Virginia against the United 
States, for payments to the officers commanding in the Virginia 
Line in the war of the Revolution, on account of the half-pay for 
life promised the officers aforesaid by that Commonwealth, the sum 
of one hundred and thirty-nine thousand five hundred and forty- 
three dollars and sixty cents. 

Skc. 2. And he it further enacted^ That the SecretAry of the 
Treasury be, and he is hereby, required and directed to pay to the 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAT. 509 

State of Virginia the amount of the judgments which have been 
rendered against the said State for and on account of the promise 
contained in an act passed by the General Assembly of the State of 
Virginia, in the month of May, a. d. 1779, and in favor of the offi- 
cers, or representatives of the officers, of the regiments and corps 
hereafter recited, and not exceeding in the whole the sum of two 
hundred and forty-one thousand three hundred and forty-five dol- 
larS) to wit : 

1. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regiment 
commanded by the late Colonel George Gibson, the amount of the 
judgments which they have obtained, and which are now unsat' 
isfied. 

2. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regiment 
denominated the Second State Regiment, commanded, at times, by 
Colonels Brent and Dabney, the amount of the judgments which 
they have obtained, and which are now unsatisfied. 

8. To the officers, or their legal representatives, of the regiments 
of Colonels Clarke and Crockett, and Captain Rogers' troop of cav- 
alry, who were employed in the Illinois service, the amount of the 
judgments which they have obtained, and which are now unsatisfied. 

4. To the officers, or their legal representatives, serving in the 
regiment of State Artillery commanded by the late Colonel Marshall, 
and those serving in the State Garrison Regiment commanded by 
Colonel Muter, and those serving in the State Cavalry, commanded 
by Major Nelson, the amount of the judgments which they have 
obtained, and which are now unsatisfied. 

5. To the officers, or their legal representatives, who served in 
the navy of Virginia during the late war of the Revolution, the 
amount of the judgments which they have obtained, and which are 
now unsatisfied. 

Sko. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the 
Treasury be, and he is hereby, directed and required to adjust and 
settle those claims for half-pay of the officers of the aforesaid regi- 
ments and corps, which have not been paid or prosecuted to judg- 
ment against the State of Virginia, and for which said State would 
be bound on the principles of the half-pay cases already decided in 



510 



VIRGINIA HALF-PAT. 



the Supreme Court of Appeals of said State ; which seyeral smut 
of money herein directed to be settled or paid, shall be paid out of 
any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated by law. 



On the 12th of August, 1848, Congress appropriated a fhrther 
sum of $81,273.17, for the payment of those Virginia half-pay 
claims, and made it the duty of the agent of the State to first de- 
posit authenticated copies of the acts or judgments under which 
the money was paid by the State of Virginia. 

By act of Congress, approved March S, 1835, the adjustment of 
those ciaiDM was transferred from the Secretary of the Treasury to 
the Commissioner of Pensions. 

We will add a few cases showing the large sums paid to the 
heirs or legal representatiyes of oflScers entitled to half-pay under 
this act: 



John Allison, Lieatenant-colonel 

William Armistead, CapUun of Cavalry. 
Thomas Armistead, Capt. of Artillery.. 

Bobert Andrews, Chaplain 

John Archer, Lieutenant, Navy 

John Applewhaite, Surgeon, Navy .... 

John Allen; Captain of Artillery 

William Armistead, Paymaster 

William Broad us, Lieutenant 

Bioe Bullock, Lieutenant 

Samuel Butler, Lieutenant of Artillery. 

John Baily, Captain 

lUdiard Bmshears, Captain 

Maohin Boswell, Captain 

Wm. Ballard, Lieutenant of Artillery. . 

Samuel Barron, Captain, Navy 

James Bradley, Captain of Artillery . . . 

William Brent, Colonel 

laaao Browning, Lieutenant. 

James Banks, Sailing-master 

John Brittain, do. 

Wm. Bennett, do. 

Thomas Bonewell, do. 

John Baytop, Lieutenant 

Laban Baily, Sailing-master 

Charles S. Bouch, Lieutenant, Navy. . . 



1860 per annum . 


... $7,289.04 


800 " 


... 8,987.58 


MO " 


... 4,1^-^ 


840 «* 


... 7,284.88 


182.60 - 


... 2,168.00 


182.50 " 


... 9,188.70 


800 « 


... 6,270.41 


180 " 


... 7,862.88 


160 " 


... 6,146.08 


160 " 


... 7,057.68 


200 " 


... 6,860.00 


240 •* 


... 10,648.16 


240 «• 


... 9,697.81 


240 " 


... 8,081.86 


200 « 


... 4,646.00 


248.88 " 


... 6,906.40 


800 " 


... 1,407.12 


460 *« 


... 1,960.27 


160 " 


... 6,606.90 


162.08 " 


... 1,880.42 


162.03 " 


... 2,258.42 


162.08 " 


... 2,982.92 


152.08 " 


... 1,680.81 


160 " 


... 2,704.65 


162.08 " 


... 2,021.20 


182.60 " 


... 6,066.00 



RI-VOLUTIONARY PENSION LAWB. 811 

PhDip Bartlett, Surgeon $182.50 per annaxn 14,779.50 

WUliam Booth, Sailing-maeter 152.08 ** 4,549.48 

Robert Brown, Lieutenant of Artillery... 200 " 6,579.73 

James Barron, Commodore 82,882.50 

Bicliard Barron, do. 11,215.78 

Jameri Banks, do. 5,784.12 

John Baily, Captain, Bardstown, Ky 9,480.68 

Gideon Johnson, Qonrtermaster, Worrenton, Va. 4,808.82 

£dward Worthington, Captain, Shelby ooonty, Ey 7,149.60 

Chnrchill Gibba, Lieutenant, Madison* Va. * 7«981.5S 

Oorbin Grifin, Captain* WilliaDubarg, Va. 10,980.19 

John Cax, Ca|>Uttn, Norfolk, Va. .,.. 18,715.22 



4»» 



REVOLUTIONARY PENaON LAW& 

Prior to the year 1818, Congress passed no pension laws except 
€[>r the relief of those officers and soldiers who were disabled in the 
service ; consequently, all those who were not disabled, and died 
between the close of the Revolutionary war and the year 1818, 
oould leceive no pension, for all the pension laws require that the 
soldier shall be living at the date of the passage of the law. 

The pension acts now in force are as follows : 

Aflv Mabch 18, 1818. 

8io. I. Be it enacted hy the Senate and Bouse of Eepreeemlkt^/pee 
of the United States^ in Congreee aesemhled^ Thai every commis- 
sioned officer, non-commissioned officer, mnsician, and private sol- 
dier, and dl officers in the hospital department and medical stafl^ 
who served in the war of the Revolution to the end thereof^ or for 
the term of nine numtkSy or longer, at any period of the war, on the 
Continental establishment, and every commissioned officer, non- 
commissioned officer, mariner, or marine, who served at the same 
time, and for a like term, in the naval service of the United States, 
who is yet a resident citizen of the United States, and who is, or 
hereafter, by reason of his reduced circumstances in life, shall be 
in need of assistance from his country for support, and shall havs 



612 HBVOLUnONARY PENSION LAWS. 

sabfttaDtiated his claim to a pension in the manner heieinafter di- 
rected, shall receive a pension from the United States : if an officer, 
of twenty dollars per month daring life ; if a non-commissioned of- 
ficer, musician, mariner, marine, or private soldier, of eight dollars 
per month during life : Provided^ no person shall be entitled to the 
provisions of this act until he shall have relinquished his claim to 
every pension heretofore allowed him by the laws of the United 
States. 

Sio. 2. And be it further enacted, That, to entitle any person to 
the provisions of this act^ he shall make a declaration, under oath 
or affirmation, before the district judge of the United States of Uie 
district, or before any judge or court of record of the county. State, 
or territory in which the applicant shall reside, setting forth, if he 
belonged to the army, the company, regiment, and line to which he 
belonged ; the time he entered service, and the time and manner of 
leaving the service ; and, in case he belonged to the navy, a like 
declaration, setting forth the name of the vessel and particular ser- 
vice in which he was employed, and the time and manner of leav- 
ing the service, and shall offer such other evidence as may be in his 
power ; and on its appearing, to the satisfaction of the said judge, 
that the applicant served in the Revolutionary war as aforesaid, 
against the common enemy, he shall certify and trausmit the testi- 
mony in the case, and the proceedings had thereon, to the Secretary 
for the Department of War, whose duty it shall be, if satisfied the 
applicant comes under t^ provisions of this act, to place such offi- 
cer, musician, mariner, marine, or soldier, on the pension list of the 
United States, to be paid in the same manner as pensions to inva- 
lids who have been placed on the pension list are now paid, and 
under such restrictions and regulations, in all respects, as are pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That every pension, by virtue 
of this act, shall commence on the day that the declaration under 
oath or affirmation, prescribed in the foregoing section, shall be 
made. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted. That, from and after the pas- 
sage of this act, no sale, transfer, or mortgage, of the whole, or any 



KEV<)LUriONARY PENSION LAWS. 613 

part, of the peosion in pursuance of this act, shall be valid ; and 
any person who shall swear or affirm falsely in the premises, and 
he be thereof convicted, shall suffer as for willful and corrupt 
perjury. 

The above act relates to the Continental army alone, or those 
forces raised by Congress and serving in the regular army of the 
United Colonies, and those serving in the Continental navy. 

Soon after the passage of this act, applications for pensions num- 
bering about eight thousand had accumulated, so that on the 1st 
May, 1820, Congress appears to have been alarmed into the pas- 
sage of an act to the effect that after March 4, 1820, no person 
shall be entitled to the farther benefits of this act '* until he shall 
have exhibited to some court of record, in the county, city, or 
borough in which he resides, a schedule, subscribed by Atm, contain- 
ing his whole estate and income." Being poor, yet possessing too 
much of the spirit of '76, to permit their "goods and chattels" to 
be exposed to the gaze of the public, many refused a compliance 
with the provisions of this act ; and others possessed of some estates 
could not affirm that they stood in ^need of the assistance of their 
country fur a support." Many of those who had been admitted to 
pension prior to the passage of the act of May 1, 1820, made out 
their schedules as required, but in the opinion of the Secretary of 
War a large number of them were not entitled to the " assistance 
of their country for a support," and wene consequently dropped 
from the rolls and ceased to be pensioners. 

The provisions of this act of May 1, 1820, as the government af- 
terwards discovered, operated strongly on some as an invitation to 
squander their property, so as to bring themselves fairly within the 
povisions of the act of 1818; and for this purpose many were 
known to make over their property to friends or children for mere 
imaginary considerations. 

The knowledge of these facts brought forth from Congress an- 
other act, approved March 1, 1823, authorizing the Secretary of 
War ** to restore to the list of pensioners the name of any person 
who may have been, or may hereafter be, stricken therefrom, if 

22* 



514 BEYOLUnONASY PENSION LAWS. 

sach person has heretofore famished, or hereafter shall fdmiBh, eri- 
dence that he is in such indigent circomstances as to be unable to 
support himself without the assistance of his country, and that he 
has not disposed o^ or transferred his property, or any portion 
thereof^ with a view to obtain a pension f and enacting, ^ that no 
pension hereafter to be allowed on claims at schednles heretofore 
filed under the act or acts to which this act is a supplement, or un- 
der the provisions of this act, shall commence before the passage 
thereof; and all other pensions hereafter to be allowed, under the 
acts aforesaid, shall commence from the time of completing the 
proof." 

After the passage of this act of 1823, and after so many of the 
old soldiers had been ^driven off the field" by the act of 1820, and 
allowed a little more time to die, the Secretary of War became 
more liberal in his opinions with respect to the ** schedules," and 
large numbers of them were by degrees restored to the rolla — 
but not until they were deprived of from three to five years' pension 
by Cottgreas legislating in a state of ^ alarm." 

Aot, Appbovbd Mat 16, 1828. 

Sbo. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Bepresentatives 
of the United States of America^ in Congress assembled^ That eadi 
of the surviving officers of the army of the Revolution, in the Con- 
tinental line, who was entitled to half-pay by the resolve of Octo- 
ber twenty-first, seventeen hundred and eighty, be authorized to re- 
ceive out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, 
the amount of his full pay in said line, according to his rank in the 
line, to begin on the third of March, one thousand eight hundred 
and twenty-six, and to continue during his natural life : Provided^ 
That under this act no officer shall be entitled to receive a larger 
sum than the full pay of a captain in said line. 

Seo. 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever any of said 
officers has received money of the United States, as a pensioner, 
since the third day of March, eighteen hundred and twenty-six, 
aforesaid, tlie sura so received shall be deducted from what said 
officer would otherwise be entitled to under the first section of thie 



BKYOLUnONAST PEVSIOH LAWS. 615 

act ; and every pension to which wd officer is now entitled shall 
cease after the passage of this act. 

Seo. 3. ATid be it further enacted^ That eyery saryiving non-com- 
missioned officer, musician, or private, in said army, who enlisted 
therein for and during the war, and continued in service until its 
termination, and thereby became entitled to receive a reward of 
eighty dolUrs, under a resolve of OongresB, passed May 15, 1778, 
. ahall be entitled to receive his full monthly pay in said service, out 
of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated ; to begin 
on the third day of Mardi, 1826t, and to continue during his natural 
life: Pnnnded^ That no non-commissioned officer, musician, or 
private, in said army, who is now on the pension list oi the United 
States, shall be entitled to the ben^ts of this act 

Seo. 4. And he it further eruuted^ That the pay allowed by this 
act shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, be 
paid to Uie officer or soldier entitled thereto, or to their authorised 
attorney, at sudi places and days as said Secretary may direct ; and 
that no foreign officer shall be entitled to said pay, nor shall any 
officer or soldier receive the same, until he furnish to said Secretary 
satisfactory evidence that he is entitled to the same in conformity 
to the provisions of this act ; and pay allowed by this act shall not, 
in any way, be transferable, or liable to attachment, levy, or seisuie, 
by any legal process whatever, but shall inure wliolly to the per- 
sonal benefit of the officer or soldier entitled to the same by thia 
act. 

Ssa 5. And he it further macted^ That so much of smd pay at 
acoraed by the provisions of this act, before the third day of March, 
1828, shall be paid to the officers and soldiers entitled to the same, 
as soon as may be, in the manner and under the provisions before 
mentioned ; and the pay which shall accrue after said day shall be 
paid semi-annually, in like manner, and under the same provisions. 

This act was passed without r^ard to any " property qualifica- 
tion," and being founded on the half-pay acts of the Continental 
Congress and the "Gratuity Act" of May 15, 1778, no one could 
elaim its provisions^ unless he was adjudged to be entitled to ^ coqi- 



516 BEYOLimONABT PENSION LAWS. 

mutatioQ'* per act March 22, 1783, or to the gratuity of $80 per 
act May 16, 1*7 7 8. Though precisely a half century had rolled be- 
tween the passage of the acts of May 15, 1778, and May 15, 1828, 
yet several hundreds of the time-worn and old ^ non-commissioned 
officers, musicians, and privates" came forth to receive the last token 
of their country's regard under the latter act ; many of whom had 
been " dropped" by the ** alarm'* act of May 1, 1820. 

Invalid pensioners, placed on the rolls by the proyisions of former 
acts of Congress, were required to relinquish their pensions before 
they could be entitled under this act, and because the provisions of 
this act were, in a majority of instances, more beneficial to them 
than their pensions, they received its benefits, deducting therefrom 
the amount of their pensions, which had been received by them 
since March 8, 1826. 

But, on the 31st May, 1830, Congress passed an act declaring 
that the 2d section of the act of May 15, 1828, *' shall not be con- 
strued so as to embrace invalid pensioners ; and that the pension of 
invalid soldiers shall not be deducted firom the amount receivable 
hj them under the said act" 

But the act of May 31, 1830, was not construed by the Execu- 
tive to restore the soldier to his invalid pension from March 3, 1826, 
the time from which it had been deducted, but only from the date 
of the passage of the said act of May 31, 1830 ; so that he was 
allowed to enjoy his two pensions only from the date of this latter 
act; which circumstane* gave rise to numerous applications to 
Congress for a restoration of the invalid pension, which had been, 
contrary to the spirit of the law, deducted frx>m his full pay be- 
tween the periods of March 3, 1826, and May 31, 1830. Congress 
by special acts restored the invalid pension thus deducted in a num- 
ber of cases. 

The act of May 31, 1830, related to invalid officers alone, and 
on the 14th of July, 1832, Congress passed an act making the same 
provision for the soldier; both of which acts were, by the Attorney- 
general, declared to be altogether prospective, so that the soldier 
did not enjoy his two pensions until after July 14, 1832. 

All staflf (Mcen were excluded from the benefits of the act of 



EKVOLUnONABT PENSION LAWS. 517 

May 15, 1828, except they, at the same time, held a commission in 
the linCy in which case the amount of their pay, under said act, is 
determined by their rank in said linSy without regard to their pay 
in the sta£f. 

Aor Afpbotxd Junk 7, 1882. 

Sbc. 1. £e it enacted by the Senate and House of Bepresentathei 
(f the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That each 
of the surviving officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, sol- 
diers, and Indian spies, who shall have served in the Continental 
line, or State troops, volunteers, or militia, at one or more terms, a 
period of two years, during the war of the Revolution, and who are 
not entitled to any benefit under the act for the relief of certain 
surviving officers and soldiers of the Revolution, passed the fif- 
teenth day of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-eight, be author- 
ized to receive, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise 
appropriated, the amount of his full pay in the said line, according 
to his rank, but not exceeding, in any case, the pay of a captain in 
the said line ; such pay to conmience from the fourth day of March, 
eighteen hundred and thirty-one, and shall continue during his 
natural life ; and that any such officer, non-commissioned officer, 
musician, or private, as aforesaid, who shall have served in the Con- 
tinental line, State troops, volunteers, or militia, a term or terms in 
the whole less than the above period, but not less than six months, 
shall be authorized to receive, out of any unappropriated money in 
the treasury, during his natural life, each according to his term of 
service, an amount bearing such proportion to the annuity granted 
to the same rank for the service of two years, as his term of ser- 
vice did to the term aforesaid ; to commence from the fourth day 
of March, one thousand eight hundred any thirty-one. 

Sec. 2. And he it farther enacted, That no person, receiving any 
annuity or pension under any law of the United States providing 
for Revolutionary officers and soldiers, shall be entitled to the ben- 
efits of this act, unless he shall have relinquished bis further claim 
to such pension ; and in all payments under this act, the amount 
which may have been received under any other act, as aforesaid, 



518 SBVOLUnONABY PSMaiON LAWS. 

since the date at which the paymeatB under this act shall com- 
mence, shall fii'st he deducted from such payment 

Sac. 3. And be it further enacted^ That the pay allowed hy this 
act shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, be 
paid to the officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, 
entitled thereto, or his or their authorized attorney, at such places 
and times as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct ; and that 
no foreign officer shall be entitled to said pay, nor shall any officer, 
non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, receive the same 
until he fiimish the said Secretary satisfactory evidence that he is 
entitled to the same, in conformity to the provisions of this act ; 
and the pay hereby allowed shall not be in any way transferable, 
or liable to attachment, levy, or seizure, by any legal process what- 
ever, but shall inure wholly to the personal benefit of the office, 
non-commissioned officer, musician, or soldier, entitled to the same. 

Sbo. 4. And he it further enacted, That so much of the said 
pay as accrued before the approval of this act, shall be paid to the 
person entitled to the same as soon as may be, in the manner and 
under the provisions above mentioned ; and the pay which shall 
accrue thereafter shall be paid semi-annually, in the manner above 
directed ; and in case of the death of any person embraced by the 
provisions of this act, or of the act to which it is supplementary, 
during the period intervening between the semi-annual payments 
directed to be made by said acts, the proportionate amount of pay 
which shall accrue between the last preceding semi-annual payment 
and the death of- such person, shall be paid to his widow, or if he 
leave no widow, to his children. 

Sbc. 5. And be it further enacted, That the officers, non-commis- 
sioned officers, mariners, or marines, who served for a like term in 
the naval service, during the Revolutionary war, shall be entitled 
to the benefits of this act, in the same manner as is provided for 
the officers and soldiers of the army of the Revolution. 

This act grants a pension to the officers, soldiers, and sailors, of 
every grade, who were engaged in military service during the Rey- 
olution for a period of two years, or for any period not leas than 



RSyOLUnOKABY PER8IDK LAIVS. 519 

Biz months ; bat excludes privateers. To those who served for a 
time less than six months, nothing has been given, though for four 
or five months they may have been in the most meritorious service 
and in the fiercest engagements. 

All staff officers whose claims were rejected under act May 15, 
1828, are admitted under this. Thus: assume the case of a per- 
son who has served for two years as lieutenant and adjutant, the 
act of 1828 only gave him $320 per annum ; but he could have, 
at any time since the passage of the act of 1832, applied, or his 
children can now apply, for the benefits of this act for his services 
as adjutant, and receive pension from March 4, 1831, to tiie day the 
officer died, at $480 per annum. 

By this act and that of May 15, 1828, the act of March 18, 1818, 
has been rendered disadvantageous, and consequently inoperative ; 
and though, to a private soldier, the act of 1818 grants a pension 
of $96 per annum, and the act of 1832 only $80, yet the provisions 
of the latter act since its passage are more beneficial than those of 
the former ; because, on the day of the passage of the said act of 
1832, the sum of one year's pension by enactment was made to 
have accrued and become due, from March 4, 1831, to March 4, 
1832, which the pensioner could receive as soon after the lih cTay 
of June, 1832, as he could establish his claim — and at the time of 
the passage of the act of 1828, the sum of two years' pension was 
declared to have accrued and become due, from March 3, 1826, to 
March 3, 1828, which the annuitant couM also receive as soon after 
the 15th day of May, 1828, as he could establish his claim. 

On the contrary, let it be assumed that on the 15th day of May, 
1828, a person applies under the act of 1818 for a pension at $96 
per annum, his pension, then, by law, could only commence on the 
day of the *^ completion of the proof," and no back pay will have 
accrued to him. 

The same is true with respect to the act of 1832, which gives 
the one year's back pay, consequently after May 15, 1828, and 
June 7, 1832, all applications under the act of 1818 ceased to be 
made. 

Again, let it be assumed that a private applies in 1850 for a pen 



520 BE70LUTI0NABY PENSION LAl^B. 

Bion under the act of 1818 at $96 per annum, his pension can onlj 
commence from the time he completes his testimony in 1850, while, 
on the contrary, if he or his heirs apply in the said year of 1850 for 
pension under the act of 1828 or 1832, at the lower rate of $80 per 
annum, he or they will then receive the whole amount of back pen- 
sion from March 3, 1826, or from March 4, 1831, as the case may 
be, which is far more beneficial than the pension under act 1818, 
to commence only in 1850. 

The second section of the act of 1832 requires the reduction oi 
all invalid and other pensions, and a total relinquishment thereof 
before receiving its benefits ; but Congress, on the 19th of February, 
1833, removed this restriction; so that, since that time, invalids 
have received two pensions where their service has been