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OSMANIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 

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This book should be returned on or before the date last marked below 



UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON PUBLICATIONS 

IN 
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 



Volume 9 November, 1935 

A REFERENCE GUIDE TO THE 
LITERATURE OF TRAVEL 

Including Voyages, Geographical Descriptions, Adventures, 
Shipwrecks and Expeditions 

BY 

EDWARD GODFREY COX 



VOLUME ONE 

THE OLD WORLD 




REPRINTED BY LITHOGRAPHY. 1948 



PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, SEATTLE 
NOVEMBER, 1935 



PREFACE 

"Old men and travellers lie by authority " Ray's Proverbs 

When Imlac was about to bubble over with vain eloquence on the high func- 
tion of a poet, Rasselas interrupted with: "Enough ! thou hast convinced me that 
no man can ever be a poet !" When I read of the exacting minutia demanded of a 
bibliographer, the lofty pretensions ruling the indexing of even a single book 
identifying first editions, first issues, succeeding editions, dates and places of 
publication, describing imprints, formats, variants, errors and corrections then 
I hold with Rasselas and declare: "Enough! I am convinced that no man can ever 
be a bibliographer!" But what I mean to say is that the present work is no such 
bibliography. Rather, it is better described by the more modest and therefore the 
more honest title of "A Reference Guide to the Literature of Travel," as being 
more truly descriptive of its nature and material. 

What I have endeavored to do in these two volumes is to list in chronological 
order, from the earliest date ascertainable down to and including the year 1800, 
all the books on foreign travels, voyages, and descriptions printed in Great Britain, 
together with translations from foreign tongues and Continental renderings of 
English works that is to say, so far as they have come to my notice. Many titles 
must of necessity have escaped my net. In fact new ones have cropped up since 
this work has gone to press. But I can well believe that what is missing will be 
found to have little renown. Small fry, such as tracts and pamphlets, were al- 
lowed to slip through, save such as turned up with the more substantial catch. 
Despite my vigilance a sufficient number of these have crept into the company of 
more legitimate titles as to endanger the integrity of my original purpose and give 
a tinge of ana to the collection. I resisted, however, the temptation to admit the 
numerous contributions to the Royal Society volumes, as well as the individual 
voyages printed in Hakluyt and Furchas. Inclusion of the latter would make 
these volumes altogether too bulky ; besides, the indexes to those works are bibli- 
ographies in themselves. No consistent attempt has been made to exhaust the list 
of modern reprints ; what is given of these is to be looked upon as an overflow of 
generosity on my part. The Addenda takes care of first printings of earlier works 
done in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The notes, which are of a varied 
assortment, are, like the titles, the cullings from many sources, and are duly ac- 
credited to their rightful owners. The geographical sections under which works 
are listed are not and cannot be sharply dividing. It will be evident sometimes 
that a given title could just as well have been placed elsewhere. The dates stand- 
ing in the outermost margin are presumably those of the first printings unless 
otherwise stated in the text. 

Accuracy and finality are the eternal worries of a bibliographer. But when 
that "Corrector of Public Morals" and impeccable corrector of proofs, Alexander 
Cruden, could feel misgivings over the perfection of his Concordance to the Bible, 
what right has a mere bibliographer to hope for unqualified acquittal? "Though 

(v) 



it be called on the title page A Complete Concordance, poor sinful man can do 
nothing absolutely perfect and complete/' is his acknowledgment of frailty. And 
with head bowed still lower I murmur, M Quoque. 

Finally, let it be noted that even if this compilation were "perfect and com- 
plete," it represents but a small portion of the record of man's restlessness, for 
the same lure of gold, the same drive for power, the same urge of travel, adven- 
ture, and to see the sights drove Frenchmen and Germans, Spaniards and Italians, 
Scandinavians and Slavs, Turk, Christian, heathen, Jew, to say goodby to family 
and fireside and sail out into the unknown towards the clouded glories of the 
West and tramp the dust of caravan routes to the ancient East. And a reading of 
the narratives themselves leaves one puzzled over which is more a matter of 
wonder man's indomitable spirit, his power to endure and his willingness to re- 
peat, or his capacity for cruelty, his insatiate greed, and his readiness to deny 
the claims of justice, pity, and peace. However that may be, this work is com- 
mended to all fireside travellers. 

EDWARD GODFREY Cox 

University of Washington 
Seattle, Washington 
November 4, 1935 



(vi) 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE 

Chapter Page 

I. COLLECTIONS t 

II. CIRCUMNAVIGATIONS 36 

III. GENERAL TRAVELvS AND DESCRIPTIONS. . . 69 

IV. CONTINENTAL EUROPE 87 

V. WEST EUROPE 93 

VI. NORTH EUROPE 177 

VII. EAST EUROPE 189 

VIII. NEAR EAST 201 

IX. CENTRAL ASIA 246 

X. EAST INDIES 260 

XI. FAR EAST 319 

XII. SIBERIA 350 

XIII. AFRICA 354 

ERRATA 403 



(vii) 



A REFERENCE GUIDE TO THE 
LITERATURE OF TRAVEL 



Collections 

1553 EDEN, RICHARD. A Treatyse of the Newe India, with other New 
Founde Landes and Ilandes, as well eastwarde as westwarde, as they 
are knowen and found in these oure Dayes, after the Description of 
Sebastian Munster in his Boke of vniuersall Cosmographie : where the 
diligent Reader may see the good Successe and Rewarde of noble and 
hoiieste Enterpryses, by the which not only worldly Ryches are ob- 
taynecl, but also God is glorified, & the Christian Fayth enlarged. 
Translated out of Latin into Englishe. By Richard Eden . . . Thus end- 
eth the Fyfth Boke of Sebastian Munster, of the Landes of Asia the 
Greater, and of the newe founde Landes, and Ilandes. Woodcut. 
London. 

Eden was reprinted by Edward Arber in his The First Three English Books 
on America, Birmingham, 1885. The original was the Cosmographia Universalis of 
Sebastian Munster published in Basel, 1544. 

Munster occupies a peculiar position as a cartographer ; he far surpasses most 
of the map-drawers of his time in his exertions to get access to the latest informa- 
tion regarding the history, ethnology, and geography of the countries he describes. 
His bulky cosmography will therefore always remain an important source for the 
history of the civilization of the period in which he lived. Nordenskiold, quoted 
by Maggs, No. 519. The original of this book (Eden's) was a popular universal 
cosmography of small modern value or interest, and merely served to introduce 
Eden's name to the British public. Waldman. Though this work is more of a 
cosmography than a collection of travels, it is listed here because it contains an 
account of voyages from Columbus to Magellan. 

1555 EDEN, RICHARD. The Decades of the Newe Worlde or West India, 
Conteyning the Nauigation and Conqnestes of the Spanyeardes, with 
the particular Description of the moste ryche and large landes and 
Ilandes lately founde in the west Ocean perteyning to the Inheritance 
of the Kinges of Spayne. In the which the diligent Reader may not 
only consider what Commoditie may hereby chaunce to the hole Chris- 
tian World in Tyme to come, but also learne many Secreates touchynge 
the Lande, the Sea, and the Starres, very necessarie to be knowne to 
al such as shal attempte any Nauigations, or otherwise haue delite to 
beholde the strange and wonderfull woorkes of God and Nature. 
Wrytten in the Latine Tounge by Peter Martyr of Angleria, and 
translated into Englysshe by Rycharde Eden. 4to. London. 

Republished by Willes, with additions, London, 1577. See below. Reprinted 
by Arber in his The First Three English Books on America, 1885. Latin 
original of Martyr's Decades (first complete edition), Alcala de Henares, 1530. 
See below. For a translation by Lok see below under 1612. 

This is the earliest Collection of Voyages in the English language and the 
third English book relating to America. It is of great historical importance. Be- 
sides the first Three Decades of Peter Martyr, it contains a translation of that 
author's writings on the recently discovered islands "Dc nuper sub D. Carolo re- 
pertis Insulis," first printed in 1521. It also contains the Bull of Pope Alexander 
VI, in Latin and English, by which the world was divided between Spain and 

(1) 



A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Portugal, as well as translations of the most important parts of the works of 
Oviedo, Maximilian of Transylvania, Vespuccius, Gomara, and others, pertaining 
to the maritime discovery of the New World. Quoted by Maggs, No. 585. Pietro 
Martire Anguiera, better known by his Latinized name of Petrus Martyr, was the 
first historian of America. He is believed to have been the first writer to notice 
in his works the discovery of America by Columbus, as he is the first to publish 
a treatise descriptive of the natives of the new world. He was the friend and 
contemporary of Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Cortes, Magellan, Cabot, and Ves- 
puccius. Robinson, No. 26. From personal contact with these discoverers as well 
as from his official position as a member of the Council for the Indies, which 
afforded him free inspection of documents of undoubted authenticity, he was en- 
abled to gain at first hand much valuable information regarding the discoveries 
of the early navigators. Maggs, No. 465. Eden's Decades is a direct forerunner 
of Hakluyt's Voyages and did much to stimulate English maritime effort. Wald- 
man. 

1530 MARTYR, PETER. De Orbe Novo Petri Martyris ab Angleria Mediol- 
anensis Protonotarii Cesaris Senatoris Decades. Alcala de Henares. 

This is the first complete edition of the eight Decades. Numerous 
subsequent editions appeared in Europe. The second complete edition in 
Latin was that published by Hakluyt in Paris, 1587. 



1577 DEE, JOHN. The Great Volume of Famous and Rich Discoveries, 
wherein also is the History of King Salomon every three years; his 
Ophirian Voyage ; the Originals of Presbyter Joannes ; and of the first 
great Cham and his Successors for many years following; the descrip- 
tion of divers Wonderful Isles in the Northern Scythian, Tartarian 
and other Northern Seas, and near under the North Pole, by Record 
written 1200 years since with divers other rarities. London. 

Reprinted London, 1580. 

Dee was a famous character in Elizabethan days. He was versed in mathe- 
matics but was especially associated with astrology and the search for the philos- 
opher's stone. He was a much travelled man, even going as far as St. Helena. 
On one occasion he made a trip to Germany to consult physicians regarding the 
Queen's health. At Elizabeth's request he wrote a description of the newly dis- 
covered portions of the world. 

EDEN, RICHARD. The History of Travayle in the West and East In- 
dies, and other Countreys Lying either way, towardes the fruitfull and 
ryche Moluccaes. As Moscouia, Persia, Arabia, Syria, Aegypte, Eth- 
iopia, Guinea, China in Cathayo, and Giapan. With a Discourse of 
the Northwest Passage. Gathered in parte, and done into Englyshe 
by Richarde Eden. Newly set in order, augmented and finished by 
Richard Willes. Woodcuts. 4to. London. 

This work is not exactly a reprint of the edition of 1555, though, like that, 
the larger portion is taken up with Peter Martyr's Decades of the Newe Worlde 
and Oviedo 's History of the West Indies. In this edition are included for the 
first time : Fourth Decade of Peter Martyr ; Instructions by Willes for Frobisher, 
then starting on 'his voyage for the discovery of the Northwest Passage; Reports 
on China and Japan (chiefly drawn from the Jesuit Letters) ; Accounts of Persia 
(chiefly from information supplied by English merchants in 1561-68) ; Varthema's 
Navigation and Voyages, translated by Eden in 1576; A brief rehearsal of the 
contents of Peter Martyr's Decades 1-3; An abridgement by Willes of the De- 
cades 5, 6, 7 and 8; Otherwise the contents of the work agree with those of the 



COLLECTIONS 3 

1555 edition, save that some extracts from Corsali, Cadamasto, and Biringuccio 
were omitted as well as a translation of Vespucci's Latin letter. Robinson, No. 41. 

1885 EDEN, RICHARD. The First Three English Books on America, ... be- 
ing chiefly Translations, Compilations, etc., by Richard Eden, from the 
Writings of, Maps, etc., of Pietro Martire, Sebastian Munster, and 
Sebastian Cabbot. Edited by Edward Arber. 4to. Birmingham. 

1580 DEE, JOHN. Navigations ad Cathayam . . . delineatio hydrographicsu 
London. 

This may be the 2nd edition of Dee's work listed under 1577 above. 

1582 HAKLUYT, RICHARD. Divers Voyages touching the Discouerie of 
America, and the Hands adjacent vnto the same, made first of all by 
our Englishmen, and afterward by the Frenchmen and Britons: And 
certaine Notes of Aduertisements for Obseruations, necessarie for 
such as shall heereafter make the like Attempt. With two mappes an- 
nexed heereunto for the plainer vnderstanding of the whole Matter. 
16mo. London. 

This work was reprinted by the Ilakluyt Society, London, 1850. See below. 

This small collection was Hakluyt's first book. In it appears for the first 
time the Patent granted by Henry VII to John Cabot and his sons, and the Ver- 
razano voyage, thereby becoming the first book in English to refer to any part of 
what is now the United States. It is the rarest of all Hakluyt items. Waldrnan. 
All the items of the Dii'ers Voyages, except the last the list of American com- 
modities were reprinted separately in the final Voyages. This last item was in- 
corporated in the Discourse on the Western Planting, 1584. Parks. 

1850 HAKLUYT, RICHARD. Divers Voyages touching the Discovery of 
America, And the Islands adjacent, collected and published by Richard 
Hakluyt, Prebendary of Bristol, in the year 1582. Edited with Notes 
and an Introduction by John Winter Jones, Principal Librarian of the 
British Museum. 2 maps and 1 illus. Hak, Soc., ser. I, vol. 7. London. 

1589 HAKLUYT, RICHARD. The Principal! Navigations, Voiages and Dis- 
coveries of the English Nation, made by Sea or oner Land, to the most 
remote and farthest distant Quarters of the earth at any time within 
the compasse of these 1500 yeeres : Deuidcd into three seuerall parts 
. . . The first . . . vnto ludea, Syria, Arabia . . . India . . . Africa . . . 
Promontorie of Buona Esperanza. The second . . . towards the 
North and Northeast by Sea . . . The Third and last . . . The Vaste 
and New World of America . . . Whereunto is added the last most 
renowned English Nauigation round about the whole Globe of the 
Earth. By Richard Hakluyt, Master of Artes . . . Fol. London. 

2nd edit, revised and enlarged by Hakluyt, 3 vols., London, 1598-1600. See 
the next item. 

For an analysis of the contents of this volume see Parks. Six leaves of Drake's 
Voyage round the World were suppressed and do not appear in all copies, as is 
also true of Sir Jerome Bowes' Relation of Russia. Concerning the former Hak- 
luyt says in his preface that he had taken more than ordinary pains, and he \vas 



4 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

therefore grieved to be obliged to omit it because someone else was preparing the 
narrative for publication. He must, however, have put it into type for some 
copies. Concerning the first issue of the latter item, it is to be noted that the 
narrative is written in the first person as if by Bowes himself, while in the sec- 
ond issue it is given entirely in the third person as if written by a member of his 
suite Quaritch, It has been pointed out by Parks how far Ramusio's Collection 
(published in the 1550's) served as a model and the extent that Hakluyt went be- 
yond this work, particularly in the matter of getting first hand narratives and in 
including documents of various kinds. Beazley considers this edition of 1589 to be 
constantly superior in clearness of arrangement and judgment of selection to any 
later stage of this memorable work. 

1598-1600 HAKLUYT, RIC A HARD. The Principal Navigations, Voyages, 
Traflfiques and Discoveries of the English Nation, made by Sea or 
ouerland to the Remote and Farthest Distant Quarters of the Earth at 
any time within the compasse of these 1600 yeres ; Diuided into three 
seueral volumes . . . The first Volume containeth the worthy Discou- 
erics ... of the English towards the North and Northeast by Sea . . . 
the second Volume comprehendeth the principall Nauigations ... to 
the South and Southeast parts of the World . . . the Third and last 
Volume of the Voyages ... TO ALL PARTS OF THE NEW- 
FOUND WORLD OF AMERICA . . . together with the two re- 
nowned and prosperous voyages of Sir Francis Drake and M. Thomas 
Candish round about the Circumference of the whole earth . . . By 
Richard Hakluyt, Preacher, and sometime student of Christ-Church 
in Oxford. 3 vols. Fol. London. 

Vol. 1 appeared in 1598, vol. 2 in 1599, and vol. 3 in 1600. A number of re- 
prints and selections have been issued in the 19th and 20th centuries : In 5 vols., 
4to, London, 1809-1812; selected portions edited by Goldsmid, 4 vols., 8vo, Edin- 
burgh, 1884-86; again, with a 5th vol. added, Edinburgh, 1890; 12 vols., Glasgow, 
1903-05; in Everyman's Library, 8 vols., London, 1907; 1 vol., edited with an In- 
troduction by Masefield, London, 1927. For some of these see below. 

In the ten years between 1588 and 1598 Hakluyt tapped every source available 
to him witness the story of his two-hundred-mile ride to seek out the only living 
survivor of a Labrador expedition of 1536; he studied his material as no man 
had done before him, and achieved a masterpiece which, despite many criticisms 
leveled at various parts, puts the name of Richard Hakluyt beyond those of all 
other men who had written of voyages and discoveries. Waldman. Froude de- 
scribed it as "the prose epic of the modern English nation " How much labor 
entered into the collecting of his material is confessed in his Dedication to the 
Lord High Admiral : "For the bringing of which into this homely and rongh- 
hewen shape which here thou seest ; what restelcss nights, what paincfull dayes, 
what heat, what cold I have endured ; how many long and chargeable journeys 
I have travailed ; how many famous libraries have I searched into ; what varietie 
of ancient and modern writers I have perused; what a number of old records, 
patents, privileges, letters, etc., I have redeemed from obscuritie and perishing; 
into how many manifold acquaintance I have entered, what expcnces I have not 
spared; and yet what fairc opportunities of private gaine, preferment, and ease 
I have neglected." At the time of the publication of this work, the Earl of 
Essex had been disgraced by Quec-n Elizabeth and by desire of the Queen and of 
his friends, the record of Essex's expedition to Cadiz was suppressed. Hakluyt, 
however, reprinted a number of copies a short time later for those of his friends 
who wished to include it. Maggs, No. 549. Most of the original copies of the 
book are found with these leaves cut out. When the second issue was published in 
1599, a new title was inserted in vol. 1. without mention of the Cadiz voyage. 
As is well known, Hakluyt's work was completed by Purchas. Sec below under 
1613 and 1625. 



COLLECTIONS 5 

1809-1812 HAKLUYT, RICHARD. The Principal Voyages, etc. Reprinted 
from the edition of 1598, with Additions, selected and edited by G. 
Woodfall. 5 vols. 4to. London. 

A scarce and valuable set. 

1903-05 HAKLUYT, RICHARD. The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traf- 
fiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation, Made by Sea or Over- 
land to the remote and farthest Quarters of the Earth at any Time 
within the Compasse of these 1600 yeeres. . . . With an Essay on the 
English Voyages of the Sixteenth Century, by Walter Raleigh, Profes- 
sor of the English Language in the University of Oxford. Index by 
Madame Marie Michon and Miss Elizabeth Carmont. 12 vols. Hak. 

Soc., extra ser., 1-12. Numerous maps and plates. Glasgow. 

This reprint, also known as the MacLehose edition, is the best edi- 
tion of modern times. 



1601 GALVANO, ANTONIO. The Discoveries of the World from their 
first Original vnto the Yeere of our Lord 1555. Briefly written in the 
Portugall tongue by Antonio Galvano, Gouernour of Ternate and 
chiefe Island of the Malucas : Corrected, quoted, and now published 
in English by Richard Hakluyt, sometime student of Christchurch in 
Oxford. 16mo. London. 

Reprinted by Hakluyt Society, London, 1862. Portuguese original, Lisbon, 
1563. See below. In Osborne II, 352-402. 

According to Parks this work was translated by an unknown hand from the 
Portuguese. Hakluyt never saw the original text. Galvano was Governor of Ter- 
nate in the Moluccas Hakluyt, in his dedication to Sir Robert Cecil (dated Oct. 
29, 1601), gives high praise to Galvano both for his intrinsic worth and for his 
"restoring and settling the decayed state of the Isles of Moluccas." He also states 
that the above work had been translated by some unknown person many years 
back and that he had had it by him for twelve years, but he had been unable to ob- 
tain the original of it. The book gives a good summary of the geographical ex- 
plorations of the Portuguese. 

1563 GALVANO, ANTONIO. Tratado que compos o nobre notauel capitano 
Antonio Galvano, dos diversos e desuayrados caminhos por onde nos 
tempos passados a pimenta e especaria veto da India . . . 8vo. Lisbon. 

1862 GALVANO, ANTONIO. The Discoveries of the World From their first 
Original unto the Year of our Lord 1555. By Antonio Galvano, Gov- 
ernor of Ternate. (Edited by F. de Sousa Tavares.) Corrected, quoted, 
and published by Richard Hakluyt, 1601. Now reprinted, with the orig- 
inal Portuguese text (1563), and edited by Admiral Charles Ramsay 
Drinkwater Bethune, C.B. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 30. London. 

1612 MARTYR, PETER. De Nouo Orbe, or the Historic of the west Indies, 
Contayning the actes and aduentures of the Spanyeardes, which haue 
conquered and peopled those Countries, inriched with varietie of pleas- 
ant relation of the Manners, Ceremonies, Lawes, Gouernments, and 
Warres of the Indians. Comprised in eight Decades Written by Peter 
Martyr a Millanoise of Angleria, Cheife Secretary to the Emperour 
Charles the fifth, . . . whereof three haue beene formerly translated 
into English by R. Eden, whereunto the other fiue, are newly added 



6 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

by the Industrie, and painefull Trauaile of M. Lok. Gent. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

Another edition of the 1612 edition was issued identical with it exceot that 
the Dedication was suppressed and a new title supplied. Quaritch. A 2nd edit, 
was published in London, 1628. Parks gives a tentative date of 1625 to another 
edition. It was reprinted in vol. V of the 1809 edition of Hakluyt's Principal Nav- 
igations; and a retranslation published by F. A. McNutt, 2 vpls., 1912. 

This is the first complete edition of Peter Martyr in English. These Decades 
were the first, and, for many years, the only history of the New World. Hence its 
important position in American literature; this being in many respects the sole 
source of information concerning the discovery and conquest of America. Robin- 
son, No. 22. It was translated at the suggestion of Hakluyt from his Paris edi- 
tion. Michael Lok or Lock travelled through almost all the lands of Christendom. 
He was governor of the Cathay Company and consul for the Levant Company at 
Aleppo. He had been treasurer of the Frobisher undertaking, "from which he 
reaped enormous debts." Parks. See Eden under 1555 above. 

1613 PURCHAS, SAMUEL. Purchas His Pilgrimage, or Relations of the 
World and the Religions observed in all Ages and Places discovered, 
from the Creation unto this Present. ... a Theologicall and Geograph- 
icall Historic of Asia, Africa and America, with the Hands adiacent; 
declaring the Ancient Religions before the Floud, the Heathenish, 
Jewish, and Saracenicall in all Ages since. Fol. London. 

2nd edit., fol., much enlarged with Additions, London, 1614; 3rd edit., 
much enlarged, fol., London, 1617; 4th edit., London, 1626. 

This work is not to be confused with the Pilgrvmes of 1625. As Parks points 
out, it is a sort of religious geography. It draws largely upon Ramusio and Hak- 
luyt, and the historians and political geographers of all ages. It is included here 
that it may be distinguished from the later Collection of Voyages. For Purchas's 
relations with Hakluyt see Parks. 

1625 PURCHAS, SAMUEL. Purchas His Pilgrimes. In Five Bookes. The 
first, Contayning the Voyages and Peregrinations made by Ancient 
Kings, Patriarkes, Apostles, Philosophers, and others. . . . The second, 
A Description of all the Circum-Nauigations of the Globe. The Third, 
Nauigations and Voyages of English-men, alongst the Coasts of Africa, 
. . . The fourth, English Voyages beyond the East Indies, to the Hands 
of lapan, China, Cauchinchina, the Philippinae with others . . . The 
fifth, Nauigations, Voyages, Traffiques, Discoueries of the English 
Nation in the Easterne parts of the World ... 4 vols. Fol. London. 

No reprint of this work until 1905-07, when the Hakluyt Society edition ap- 
peared published by MacLehose at Glasgow. See below. 

This great geographical collection (known also as Hakluytus Posthumus, 
from the engraved title in vol. I) is a continuation and enlargement of Hak- 
luyt's Principall Navigations. At the death of Hakluyt there was left a large col- 
lection of voyages in manuscript which came into the hands of Purchas (as a sort 
of legacy), who added to them many more voyages and travels of Dutch, Spanish, 
and Portuguese explorers as well as of English travellers. He also incorporated 
many translations from early books of travel which were becoming scarce even 
in his day. Quaritch. Purchas followed the general plan of Hakluyt, but he 
frequently put the accounts into his own words, instead of allowing the narrator 
to speak for himself, thereby incurring much adverse criticism from later editors 
of collections. The main divisions of the work fall into two parts the first cover- 



COLLECTIONS 7 

ing the world known to Ptolemy, the second coming down to his own day. Thus 
he brought Hakluyt up to date. Purchas died in 1628, at the age of 51, much dis- 
tressed in circumstances in consequence of the losses sustained by him in the 
publication of this work, for which he consulted, he stated, "above thirteen hun- 
dred authors of one or another kind." On Purchas, whose name by the way 
seems to have been pronounced as if spelled Purkas, see Sir William Foster, "Pur- 
chas and his Pilgrimes," in Geographical Journal, vol. 68, pp. 193-200. 

1905-07 PURCHAS, SAMUEL. Hakluytus Posthumus or Purchas His Pil- 
grimes. Contayning a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Landc 
Travells by Englishmen and others. By Samuel Purchas, B. I). Maps 
and illus With an Index by Madame Marie Michon. 20 vols. Hak. 
Soc., extra sen, vols. 14-33. Glasgow. 

This is also known as the MacLehosc edition. It is an exact re- 
print of the 1625 edition with the original m:ips and plates. 

1653 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. Sir Francis Drake Revived. Who is or may 
be a Pattern to stirre up all Heroicke and active Spirits of these Times 
to benefit their Countrey and eternize their Names by like Noble 
Attempts. Being a Summary and true Relation of foure severall 
Voyages made by the said Sir Francis Drake to the West-Indies, viz., 
His dangerous adventuring for Gold and Silver with the gaining there- 
of ... His Encompassing the World. His Voyage made with Chris- 
topher Varleill, Martin Frobusher, Francis Knollis and others . . . 
His last Voyage (in which he dyed) being accompanied with Sir John 
Hawkins, Sir Thomas Baskerfield, with others . . . Collected out of 
the Notes of the said Sir Francis Drake . . . With Notes of divers other 
Gentlemen (who went in the said Voyages) carefully compared to- 
gether. Portrait of Sir Francis Drake. 4to. London. 

This is the first collected and the most complete edition of Drake's voyages, 
It comprises, with separate title pages, Sir Francis Drake Reiwed (the voyage of 
1572-73) ; The World Encompassed (the voyage of 1577-1580) ; A Summarie and 
True Discourse of his West Indian Voyage (1585-86) ; and A Full Relation of 
Another 1'oyage into the West Indies (the voyage of 1595-96, during which he 
died). These voyages are listed elsewhere individually under their proper headings 
with more detail. 

1674 EVELYN, JOHN. Navigation and Commerce, Their Original and Prog- 
ress. Containing A succinct Account of Traffick in General ; its Bene- 
fits and Improvements: Of Discoveries, Wars and Conflicts at Sea, 
from the Original of Navigation to this Day ; with Special Regard to 
the English Nation ; Their several Voyages and Expeditions, to the 
Beginning of our late Differences with Holland ; In which His Majes- 
ties Title to the Dominion of the Sea is asserted, against the Novel, 
and later Pretenders. . . . 8vo. London. 

This book was suppressed at the demand of the Dutch Ambassador, as it 
contained malicious statements concerning 1 Holland Evelyn, in his Diary under 
19 Aug., 1674, writes: "His Majesty told me how exceedingly the Dutch were 
displeased at my treatise of the 'History of Commerce'; that the Holland Am- 
bassador had complained to him, etc., and desired thai the hook be called in ; 
whilst, on the other side, he assured me that he was exceedingly pleased with 



8 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

what I had done, etc. The noise of this book's suppression made it presently 
to be bought up. It was no other than the preface prepared to be fixed to my 
History of the Whole War ; which I now pursued no further." From Robinson, 
No. 19. Evelyn gives an interesting account of the discovery of America by Colum- 
bus, and of subsequent voyages by Vesputius, John Cabot, etc., and treats also of 
the exploits of Drake, Hawkins, Cavendish, Frobisher, Hudson, Raleigh, etc. 
From Maggs, No. 594. 

1693 LAS CASAS, BARTHOLOMEW DE. Account of the first Voyages 

and Discoveries in America. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. See Las Casas under date 1583, WEST INDIES. 

RAY, JOHN. A Collection of Curious Travels and Voyages, in Two 
Tomes. The First containing Dr. Leonhart Rauwolff's Itinerary into 
the Eastern Countries, as Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Mesopotamia, 
Assyria, Chaldea, etc., translated by Nicholas Staphorst ; the Second 
taking in many parts of Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, Ethiopia, the 
Red Sea, Arabia, etc., from the Observations of Mr. Belon, Mr. Ver- 
non, Dr. Spon, Dr. Smith, Dr. Huntingdon, Mr. Greaves, Alpinus, 
Vestingius, Thevenot's Collections and others : to which are added 
Three Catalogues of such Trees, Scrubs, and Herbs, as grow in the 
Levant, by John Ray. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, 8vo, London, 1705; again in 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1738. 

This volume was printed at the request of Sir Hans Sloaiie. Its importance 
lies chiefly in Ray's catalogue of eastern plants "Stirpium Orientalium Rariorum 
Catalog! III." See Ray under 1673, WEST EUROPE. 

1694 ROBINSON, TANCRED. An Account of the Several Late Voyages 

and Discoveries to the South and North. Towards the Streights of 
Magellan, the South Seas, the vast Tracts of Land beyond Holiandia 
Nova, . . . also toward Nova Zembla, Greenland or Spitsberg, Groyn- 
land or Engrondland, . . . By Sir John Narborough, Captain Jasmen 
Tasman, Captain John Wood, and Frederick Marten of Hamburgh. 
To which are Annexed, a Large Introduction and Supplements, giv- 
ing an Account of other Navigations to those Regions of the Globe. 
18 copperplates (some folding) of natural history, etc., and large fold- 
ing map of the Arctics. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., 2 vols. in 1, 8vo, London, 1711. See below. 

This collection, which sometimes goes under the name of Narborough, was 
dedicated to Samuel Pepys. According to Churchill (Introduction), it had gen- 
erally a good reputation and seemed very well to deserve it. Narborough's charts 
were used by Bulkeley and Cummins in their remarkable navigation from the coast 
of Chile through the Straits of Magellan to the east coast of South America. See 
Narborough and Bulkeley under dates 1694 and 1743 respectively, SOUTH AMER- 
ICA. The work contains a full description of the fauna and flora as well as of 
the whaling industry of the Arctic. 

1711 NARBROUGH, SIR JOHN. An Account of several late Voyages and 
Discoveries: I. Sir John Narbrough's Voyage to the South-Sea, by 



COLLECTIONS 9 

Command of King Charles the Second. ... II. Capt. J. Tasman's Dis- 
coveries on the Coast of the South Terra Incognita (Australia). III. 
Capt. J. Wood's Attempt to Discover a North East Passage to China. 
IV. Frederick Marten's Observations made in Greenland, and other 
Northern Countries. To which are Added, . . . Supplement, containing 
short Abstracts of other Voyages into those Parts ... 3 folding maps 
and 18 plates. 2 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 

1698 ACUNHA (and others). For a collection of voyages in South Amer- 

ica see this date under SOUTH AMERICA. 

1699 HACKE, WILLIAM (Captain). A Collection of Original Voyages; con- 

taining: I. Capt. Cowlcy's Voyage round the Globe. II. Capt. Sharp's 
Journey over the Isthmus of Darien and Expedition into the South 
Seas, written by himself. III. Capt. Wood's Voyage through the 
Streights of Magellan. IV. Mr. Roberts' Adventures among the Cor- 
sairs of the Levant; his Account of their way of Living; Description 
of the Archipelago Islands, Taking of Scio, . . . with several maps and 
Draughts. 8vo. London. 

Cowley's voyage is the same as that printed in Dampier, Wood's is that given 
in Robinson, Sharp's was written by himself, and the last piece is not regarded 
very highly. The collection can therefore lay little claim to originality or im- 
portance. 

1703 COMMELIN, ISAAK. A Collection of Voyages undertaken by the 
Dutch East India Company, for the Improvement of Trade and Nav- 
igation, containing an Account of several Attempts to find out the 
North East Passage, and their Discoveries in the East Indies and 
South Seas. Together with an Historical Introduction, giving an Ac- 
count of the Rise, Establishment and Progress of that Great Body. 
Maps. 8vo. London. 

This collection was translated from the Dutch into French by Renneville and 
thence into English. It includes Pontanus' ."Dissertation on a North-West Pas- 
sage," a short account of Hudson's first attempt to find the North West Passage, 
and an "Account of the Five Rotterdam Ships which sailed June 27, 1598, to the 
Streight of Magellan," and accounts of various voyages to the East Indies, notably 
to Java and Sumatra. Maggs, No. 479. Little can be said in behalf of this work, 
being no more than what is to be seen in several other collections. Churchill, In- 
troduction It is sometimes found listed under the name of Renneville. Dutch 
original, Amsterdam, 1646. See below. 

1646 COM M KLIN, ISAAK ttegin ende Voortgangh van de Vereenighde Ned- 
erlandtsche Geoctroyeerde Oost-Indische Compagnie. Vervatcnd de 
voornaemste Reysen, by dc Inwoonderen der selver Provintien der- 
waerts gedaen. Alles nevcns de Beschryvingen der Rycken, Eylanden, 
Havencn, Rcvicren, Stroomcn, Reeden, Winden, Diepten en Ondicpten ; 
mitsgaders Religien, Manieren, Aerdt. Politie, en Rcgeeringe der Vol- 
kcren ; oock mcde haerder speed-yen, Droogen, Geld en anderc Koopman- 
schappen met vdc Disconrscn verrijckt: Nevens eenige Kopere Platen 
vcrcuTt, Nut en dienstigh alle curieusc, en andere Zeevarendc Liebheb- 
bers. Met drie besondcrc Tafels ofte Registers in twee Deelen verdeelt : 
Vaer van 't eerste begrijpt Veethk-n Voyagien den mecren-deelen voor 
descn noyt in 't licht geweest. 2 Dcelcn in 21 pts. Obi 4to. Am- 
sterdam. 



10 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1704 CHURCHILL, AWNSHAM, and JOHN. A Collection of Voyages and 

Travels some now first Printed from Original Manuscripts, others 
Translated out of Foreign Languages, and now first Published in Eng- 
lish. To which are added some few that have formerly appear'd in 
English, but do now for their Excellency and Scarceness deserve to 
be Re-printed. Including Nieuhoff, Smith, La Peyrere, Thomas James, 
Backhoff, Columbus, Del Techo, Ten Rhyne, Pelham, Gemelli Careri, 
etc. With a general Preface; giving an Account of the Progress of 
Navigation, from its first beginning to the Perfection it is now in, 
. . . Numerous maps and illus. 4 vols. Fol. London. 

Reprinted 6 vols., fol., London, 1732 (the edition always cited in this bibli- 
ography), with two more added in 1745, known as the Oxford Collection or after 
the name of its editor Osborne (so cited in this bibliography). The six volumes 
republished, London, 1744-46; again the whole in 8 vols., London, 1752. Accord- 
ing to Arber the Preface is by John Locke. This is a very valuable collection, 
both for its range and for the fact that it gives the original accounts. It well 
lives up to the claims made for it by its editors. 

1705 HARRIS, JOHN. Navigantium atque Itinerantium Bibliotheca: A Com- 

plete Collection of Voyages and Travels, consisting of above 400 of 
the most authentick Writers. Frontispieces, numerous plates, and fold- 
ing maps. 2 vols. Fol. London. 

Revised and enlarged editions in 1744-48, 2 vols., fol., London (the one always 
cited in this bibliography) ; again 2 vols., fol., London, 1764. 

This great collection appears to have been got up in competition with 
Churchill's, but it differs from that work in being a history of all the known 
voyages and travels, whereas Churchill's is a collection of particular relations. 
Maggs, No. 442. The first edition is valuable for the original impressions of the 
fine series of maps by Herman Moll, including a very good one of America, a 
current chart of the Channel from observations by Edmund Halley, and a map of 
the West Indies on Mercator's projection. Sotheran. Among the maps there is 
a new one of the world according to Mercator's projection, with improvements 
by John Seller and Charles Price, showing the northern coast line and part of the 
west and south coasts of Australia, together with parts of Van Dieman's Land 
and New Zealand. In the second volume is given a "Retrospective View" of his 
whole collection in which its particular advantages are explained and an account 
of the uses its contents could be put to. Harris "edits" these voyages by pruning, 
rearranging, "digesting" in his own words with quotations interspersed taken from 
the originals. He adds some valuable and useful historical accounts of the growth 
of trade, habits of commerce, growth of Companies with exclusive rights, etc. As 
is usual with editors of collections, he has little good to say of his rivals. 

1764 HARRIS, JOHN. A Complete Collection of Voyages and Travels. Con- 
sisting of above 600 of the most authentic Writers, beginning with Hak- 
luyt, Purchas, Ramusio, Thevenot, De Brye, Herrera, Oviedo, and the 
voyages under the Direction of the East-India Company in Holland. 
With others, whether published in English, Latin, French, Dutch, . . . 
Containing whatever has been observed in Europe, Asia, Africa, and 
America in respect to the Situation, Soil, Produce, Manners of the 
Inhabitants, their Arts, Buildings, . . . With an Introduction comprehend- 
ing the Rise and Progress of the Art of Navigation. Revised with large 

additions and Continuations, including particular Accounts of the Man- 
ufactures and Commerce. 2 vols. Fol. London. 



COLLECTIONS 11 

1708 MISCELLANEA CURIOSA. A Collection of Some of the Principal 

Phaenomena in Nature . . . being Discourses (eleven by Halley, by 
Collins, Craig, Gregory, De Moivre, Wallis, and many others) read to 
the Royal Society. 2nd edit. 19 folding plates. 3 vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

3rd edit., 3 vols., 8vo, London, 1726. 

This is a small collection of exceedingly miscellaneous tracts, vol. Ill of 
which is made up of a collection of "Curious Travels, Voyages," etc. It includes 
John Clayton's (the botanist) Account of Virginia, and Dr. Wallace's Journal 
kept on his voyage from Scotland to New Caledonia in Darien, with an Account 
of that Country. 

A New Collection of Voyages and Travels, with historical Accounts of 
Discoveries and Conquests in all Parts of the World, for the Month of 
December, 1708. Containing the Discovery and Conquest of the Spice 
Islands. 4to. London. 

See under 1709 below for a Continuation. 

PERIER, M. DU. A General History of all Voyages and Travels through- 
out the Old and New World. Copperplates. 8vo. London. 

Republished with a new title, London, 1711. French original, Paris, 1707. 

This work promises much more than it fulfills. The title page says it is 
going to give a Catalogue of all authors that have ever described any part of the 
world and a criticism of their works. But all that has appeared is apparently the 
above volume, which relates almost wholly to America and the West Indies. In 
the 1711 edition the name of Bellegarde was substituted for that of Du Perier. 

1711 (PERIER, M. DU.). A Complete Collection of Voyages made into North 
and South America, in due order as they happen'd, beginning from 
Christopher Columbus and Americus Vespucius and descending to this 
present Time. Accurately describing each Country; its Natural His- 
tory and product; the Religion, Customs, Manners, Trade, ... of the 
Inhabitants, with whatsoever else is curious and remarkable in any kind. 
. . . The whole extracted from the Works of considerable Travellers. 
By M. L'Abbe Bellegarde. Translated from the French version printed 
at Paris. Cuts and 5 plates. 8vo. London. 

1707 PERIER, M. DU. Histoire universelle des voyages faits par Mer et par 
Terre dans 1'Ancien et dans le Nouveau Monde; pour eclarir la Geog- 
raphie ancienne et moderne. Par M. Du Perier. 12mo. Paris. 

1709 A New Collection of Voyages and Travels; with Historical Accounts of 

Discoveries and Conquests in all Parts of the World. None of them 
ever printed before in English. Being now first translated from the 
Spanish, Italian, French, Dutch, Portuguese, and other Languages. 
Continued monthly from December. Cuts. London. 

See also next item. 



12 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1709-1710 A Collection of Voyages and Travels. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

This was probably collected from the monthly issues cited above, and was 
perhaps published in opposition to Churchill. 

1710 A View of the Universe; or, A New Collection of Voyages and Travels 
into all Parts of the World. None of them ever before printed in 
English. Maps. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

This work has been attributed to John Stevens, who may have been its edi- 
tor. It seems to have some connection with the item listed under 1709 above. Its 
titles include : Molucca and the Philippines ; A New Voyage to Carolina ; The 
Travels of P. dc Cieza ; The Travels of the Jesuits in Ethiopia digested by Bal- 
thazar Tellez ; The Travels of the Sicur Mouette in Fez and Morocco ; The Trav- 
els of Peter Teixeira from India to Italy by Land; A Voyage to Madagascar by 
Francis Cauche. 

1714 The Travels of several Learned Missioners of the Society of Jesus into 

divers Parts of the Archipelago, India, China, and America. Trans- 
lated from the French. Index and plates. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1713. 

For a full account of these Annual Letters forwarded by the Jesuit mission- 
aries to the central Bureau, see below under 1554-1586, ADDENDA II. See also 
Lockman, 1743 below. 

1715 CAMPBELL, JOHN. A Collection of Voyages, originally published by 

John Harris, much enlarged. 2 vols. London. 

Another edition, 2 vols., London, 1744. See below. For Harris's Collection 
see under 1705 above. 

1744 CAMPBELL, JOHN. Voyages and Travels containing all the Circum- 
navigations from the time of Columbus to Lord Anson ; a complete His- 
tory of the East Indies, Historical Details of the several Attempts made 
for the Discovery of the North-East and North- West Passage ; the 
commercial History of Chorea and Japan; the Russian Discoveries by 
Land and by Sea; a distinct Account of America. 2 vols. London. 

1729 DAMPIER, WILLIAM (Captain). A Collection of Voyages, contain- 
ing: I. Captain William Dampier's Voyage round the World. II. The 
Voyages of Lionel Wafer, giving an Account of his being left on the 
Isthmus of America, amongst the Indians, and of their treatment of 
him, with a particular Description of the Country, . . . also the Nat- 
ural History of those Parts, by a Fellow of the Royal Society; and 
Davis's Expedition to the Golden Mines. III. A Voyage round the 
World, containing an Account of Capt. Dampier's Expedition into the 
South-Seas in the Ship St. George, by W. Kunnell, Mate to Capt. 
Dampier. IV. Capt. Cowley's Voyage round the Globe. V. Capt. 
Sharp's Journey over the Isthmus of Darien, and Expedition into the 
South-Seas. VI. Capt. Wood's Voyage through the Streights of Ma- 



COLLECTIONS 13 

gellan. VII. Mr. Roberts' Adventures and Sufferings amongst the 
Corsairs of the Levant; his Description of the Archipelago Islands, 
. . . Numerous maps and plates. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

Another edition chronologically arranged was published in 27 Nos. to form 
2 vols., 8vo, London, 1776. 

This is generally considered the best edition of Dampier's Voyages, although 
it contains much that Dampier not only had no hand in writing but also much 
against which he protested.- Quoted by Maggs, No. 465. Dampier seems to have 
been at the mercy of his publisher, Knapton, who used the author's saleable vol- 
umes as mules for carrying off his unsaleable stock, . . . Vols. I and II of this 
edition are reprints of the earlier editions, page for page, with the same plates 
and maps, except that in the first volume the publisher has suppressed Dampier's 
Dedication to Charles Mountague, President of the Royal Society, to make room 
for a second title, "A New Voyage round the World," etc. The "Seventh Edi- 
tion, Corrected," which takes up vol. II, is a reprint of Dampier's third volume 
(London, 1703) but in a broader page and paged continuously. . . . The plates 
are the same as those used in the previous editions. The latter half of the third 
volume consists of a reprint of Wafer's Voyage which is here called the third 
edition (for Wafer see under date 1699, CENTRAL AMERICA). . . . Vol. IV 
contains Funnell's Voyage (see under date 1707, CIRCUMNAVIGATIONS) ex- 
actly as described in that work, which was the occasion of a protest from Dampier. 
To this are added reprints of the voyages of Cowley, Sharp, Wood, and Roberts 
(see Hacke above, 1699). . . In some copies, however, Funnell's Voyage is reprinted 
with the same plates and maps but in a closer type. With these facts in view it 
seems better to have Dampier undented, and therefore the best editions of Dampier 
are his three volumes as originally published. From Puttock & Simpson. See 
Dampier under 1697, CIRCUMNAVIGATIONS. 

1730 Stories of popular Voyages and Travels; with Illustrations. Containing 
abridged Narratives of Travels in South America. New edition. Maps 
and 3 plates. 12mo. London. 

1735 BARCLAY, PATRICK. The Universal Traveller: or, a Complete Ac- 
count of the most Remarkable Voyages and Travels of the Eminent 
Men of our own and other Nations to the present Time. Containing 
a Relation of the Successes or Misfortunes that attended them in their 
various Attempts and many entertaining Descriptions of the Curiosities 
in Art and Nature, the Manners, Customs, . . . observable in the 
Countries they visited. Collected from the best Authorities, Printed 
or Manuscript. Fol. London. 

Issued also at Dublin, 1735. 

This work contains copious accounts of the Spanish colonies in North Amer- 
ica, planting of Virginia, New England, etc., the travels of Columbus, Cortez, 
Pizarro, etc. Sabin. 

1741 COXE, DANIEL. A Collection of Voyages and Travels, in Three Parts. 
Part I. The Dangerous Voyage of Capt. Thomas James, in attempting 
to discover a North-west Passage to the South-Sea ; with an Account 
of their passing the Winter in an uninhabited Island, . . . With a map. 
Part II. The Sieur Pontis's Voyage to America ; Also an Account of 
the taking of Carthagena by the French in 1697. Also an Account of 



14 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

the several Engagements they had with the English in their return to 
Brest. To which is added, a new and accurate map. Part III. A De- 
scription of the English Province of Carolina; by the Spaniards call'd 
Florida, and by the French La Louisiane, viz., A Description of the 
People, Animals, Vegetables, Metals, Minerals and other rich and 
valuable Commodities this Province naturally produces. With a Large 
and Judicious Preface, proving the Right of the English to that Coun- 
try ; the Manner of the French usurping great Part of it ; and the great 
Danger our Colonies will be exposed to, if not timely prevented; 
With many useful Remarks regarding our Plantations in general. 
Collected from authentick Journals, Travels, etc., of the English in 
that Country ; the Originals of which are now in the Possession of Dr. 
Coxe. ... By Daniel Coxe, Esq. . . . Map of Carolina. 3 parts. Lon- 
don. 

This is, in fact, a collection of three separate pieces, with a new general title. 
Sabin. 

1742 The Curious Traveller. Being a choice Collection of remarkable Histories, 

Voyages, Travels, . . . designed into Familiar Letters and Conversa- 
tions. Copperplates. 8vo. London. 

This includes Spanish Cruelties in the West Indies ; The Commonwealth of 
Bees ; Mock Sea Fight on the River Thames, and such like. 

1743 LOCKMAN, JOHN. Travels of the Jesuits, into Various Parts of the 

World : compiled from their Letters. Now first attempted in English. 
Intermixed with an Account of the Manners, Government, Religion, 
... of the several Nations visited by those Fathers. 6 folding maps and 
plates, including a map of California. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit, corrected, 2 vols., 8vo. London, 1762. (This edition includes an Ac- 
count of the Spanish Settlements in America.) 

A work so entertaining and curious, that it has been translated into most of 
the languages of Europe. In the Letter from Father le Gobien is described "the 
Manner how our Missionaries discovered very lately that California Joins to the 
Continent of America ; and is not an Island, as our modern Geographers had al- 
ways imagined." From Maggs, No. 442. For a full account of these Annual 
Letters see below under 1580-1661, ADDENDA II, and 1819-1854, ADDENDA II. 

1745 OSBORNE, THOMAS. A Collection of Voyages and Travels, consist- 
ing of Authentic Writers in our own Tongue, which have not been be- 
fore collected in English, or have only been abridged in other Collec- 
tions and continued with others of Note that have published Histories, 
Voyages, Travels, Journals or Discoveries in other Nations and lan- 
guages, relating to any part of Asia, Africa, America, Europe, of the 
Islands thereof, from the earliest account to the present Time. Many 



COLLECTIONS 15 

cuts, maps, etc. Compiled from the curious and valuable Library of 
the late Earl of Oxford. 2 vols. Fol. London. 

This valuable collection is sometimes called the Harleian Collection as well as 
the Oxford Collection. It forms the Supplement to Churchill's Collection of Voy- 
ages. The Introduction is of the usual omnibus type designed to give universalized 
information. The work includes the Instructions for Travellers gathered from 

Robert, Earl of Essex, Sir Philip Sidney, and Secretary Davison, and a Geograph- 
ical Description of Europe. 

1745-47 ASTLEY, THOMAS. A New General Collection of Voyages and 
Travels, consisting of the most Esteemed Relations which have been 
hitherto published in any Language; comprehending every thing re- 
markable in its kind, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. Numer- 
ous maps and plates. 4 vols. 4to. London. 

The contents of these volumes have been translated three times, twice into 
French and once into Dutch. Maggs, No. 502. Astley, whose name usually ap- 
pears with this work, was but the publisher, whereas Thomas Green was the 
real editor. The work originally appeared in weekly numbers. Its matter was 
largely appropriated by the Abbe Prevost and was published by him in French as 
the Histoire generate des voyages (18 vols., Paris, 1746-1768; see Prevost below 
under this date, FOREIGN COLLECTIONS). In his Preface, Astley scores 
Purchas for his omissions, compressions, and mutilations, and Churchill for pub- 
lishing what he thought was nothing but an assemblage of about fifty particular 
authors, whose journies took in but a few parts of the world, and therefore 
was not entitled to be called a General Collection. He takes Harris to task for 
giving only the shadows of a general collection and the skeletons of authors in- 
stead of the substance. He then states his own virtues to be: That he inserts the 
Relations from Hakluyt and Purchas omitted by Harris as well as those taken 
from them ; that he restores all the authors "castrated" by Harris as well as those 
"maimed" by Purchas, so far as he has been able to come at the originals ; that 
he includes some travellers left out of Purchas and some published since his day 
and neglected by Harris ; that he has added the travellers of note which have ap- 
peared in English since 1705; that he has enriched the collection with a consider- 
able number of foreign itineraries, which were never published before. His own 
method (which sins as greatly as that of any of his predecessors) is to substitute 
for the plan of giving each author entire the plan of separating the Journals and 
Adventures from the Remarks on the various countries. The former he lets stand 
by themselves, and the latter he incorporates with the Remarks of other travel- 
lers to the same regions. His aim is to make his Collection a System of Modern 
Geography and History, as well as a body of Voyages and Travels, exhibiting 
the Present State of all Nations. After all Churchill and Harris are much to be 
preferred. 

1752 OSORIUS, JEROME. The History of the Portuguese, during the reign 
of Emmanuel : containing all their Discoveries, from the Coast of Af- 
rick to the farthest Parts of China ; their Battle by Sea and Land, their 
Sieges, and other memorable Exploits. Including also their Discovery 
of the Brazils, ... 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Latin original, Lisbon, 1571. See below. 

In this important classical history the author has inserted a most valuable ac- 

count of the discoveries of the Portuguese navigators, such as Cabral, Cortereal, 
Magellan, Vasco da Gama and Caspar de Lemos. . . . The work of Osorius be- 
longs to the classics of Portuguese Colonial history in Africa and India. It details 
the events under the rule of King Manuel (1495-1521). He also occupies him- 
yourself with the history of the Missions. From Maggs, No. 519. Osorius is 
called by some the Cicero of Portugal. His library was taken by Lord Essex 



16 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

at the siege or plunder of Cadiz in. 1596, and by him given to the Bodleian Library, 
then only recently founded. From Lowndes. He was Councillor in India just 
after the Conquest. 

1571 OSORIO DA FONSECA, JERONIMO. De rebus Emmanuelis regis 
Lusitaniae gestis libri duodecim. 4to. Lisbon. 

1754 A New Universal History of Voyages and Travels collected from the most 
authentic Authors, everything worthy of Observation in the Four 
Quarters of the Globe, and Lives and Exploits of the most Eminent 
Admirals, Captains and Seamen of all Nations. 8 maps and plates. 
3 vols. 8vo. London. 



1755 BARROW, JOHN. A Collection of Authentic, Useful and Entertaining 

Voyages and Discoveries ... by the following celebrated Commanders, 
viz., Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Sir Francis Drake, the 
Sufferings of eight Seamen, George Spitbergen (and many others). 
Digested in a chronological Series. Folding map of the world, plans of 
Louisbourg, Cartagena, Havana, and Portobello. 2 vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

Another edition in 3 vols., 8vo, London, 1765. Translated into French, Paris, 
1766; into German, Leipzig, 1767. For the French version see below. 

In addition to many other voyages related, this work also includes the story 
of Alexander Selkirk. Sabin gives this work as of the date 1756 with the 
title: A Chronological Abridgement or History of Discoveries made by Euro- 
peans in different parts of the World. 3 vols. 12mo. It was republished with 
the title listed above. 

1766 (In French.) Abrege de la collection des voyages ou histoire des dccou- 
vertes faites par les Europeens dans le differentes parties du monde. 
Extrait des relations les plus exactes et des voyageurs les plus veri- 
diques. Traduit de 1'anglois par M. Targe. 12 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

1756 SMOLLETT, TOBIAS. A Compendium of Authentic and Entertaining 

Voyages digested in a chronological Series, the whole exhibiting a clear 
View of the Customs, Manners, Government, Commerce and Natural 
History of most Nations in the known World. . . . Charts, maps, plans, 
heads, etc., engraved. 7 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., in 7 vols., 8vo, London, 1766; with addition of 2 more volumes, 
London, 1784. 

1760 The Naval Chronicle: or, Voyages, Travels, Exploits of English Naviga- 
tors and Commanders to 1759, 15 portraits and maps. 8vo. London. 

This includes the Conquest of Quebec, Siege of Louisbourg, Anson's Voyage, 
the taking of Guadaloupe, etc. 



COLLECTIONS 17 

A New and Complete Collection of Voyages and Travels, comprising what- 
ever is valuable of this kind in the most celebrated English, Dutch, 
French, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish and Danish Writers, . . . 
exhibiting the Commerce, Produce, Manufactures, ... of the Inhabi- 
tants. 52 engraved plates, maps, etc. 4to. London. 

1760-61 NEWBERY, JOHN. The World Displayed: or, a Curious Collection 
of Voyages and Travels, selected from the Writers of All Nations. 
Folding maps and plates. London. 

This doubtless appeared in several volumes. 2nd edit., London, 1767; 3rd edit., 
20 vols. in 10, London, 1774-78; 4th edit., 16mo. London, 1790. Translated into 
German, Stuttgart, 1764. See below. 

This Newbery was the well known publisher and originator of books designed 
especially for children. He also published some of Johnson's and Goldsmith's 
works. 

1764 (In German.) Schauplatz der Welt, oder merkwiirdige Sammlung von 
See- und Landreisen. Aus dem Englischen iibersetzt. Stuttgart. 

1761 MULLER, SAMUEL. For voyages between Asia and North America 
see this date under NORTH PACIFIC. 



1763 DERRICK, SAMUEL. A Collection of Voyages. 2 vols. Dublin. 

Pinkerton XVII cites an edition of 2 vols., London, 1779. 
The editor is probably the Samuel Derrick who got out an edition of Dryden's 
works. 

1766-68 CALLANDER, JOHN. Terra Australis Cognita; or, Voyages to the 
Terra Australis, or Southern Hemisphere, during the Sixteenth, Sev- 
enteenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Containing an Account of the 
Manners of the People, and the Productions of the Countries, hitherto 
found in the Southern Latitudes ; the Advantages that may result from 
further Discoveries on this great Continent, and the Methods of es- 
tablishing Colonies there, to the Advantage of Great Britain. 3 en- 
graved folding maps. 3 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

The source of this work is the French collection of voyages by President de 
Drosses, Paris, 1756. See below. 

As De Brosses had proposed that France settle Australia with her unwanted 
inhabitants, so Callander advises that the foundation of a colony be made in the 
island of New Britain as a suitable spot for the further exploration and settle- 
ment of the vast continent of New Holland. . . . He claimed that Australasia must 
fall to Great Britain because of her possession of sea power. . . . Some of the 
forty-one relations appear for the first time in English. From Maggs, No. 491. 
Calender's manner of handling his material is as follows : He prefaces each ar- 
ticle with a short introduction containing a description of the material of which 
it is composed and an account of the writer He omits many things that do not 
pertain to what immediately concerns Australia, as well as nautical observations, 
anchorages, declinations of the needle, except when he can relegate them to short 
tables. But important journals, such as Magellan's, Drake's, Tasman's, and some 



18 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

others he gives entire. The first book treats of geography, natural history, and 
commerce as is closely related to the subject. The three following comprehend 
the history of the Antarctic world during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, from 
the first discovery of Terra Australis in its Magellanic quarter by Vespucci in 
1502 down to the middle of the 18th century, with an account, in each separate 
narrative, of the advances made in this discovery by each successive navigator. The 
work is valuable both for its narratives and for its editorial comments. 

1756 BROSSES, PRESIDENT CHARLES DE. Histoire des navigations aux 
Terres Australes, contenarit ce que Ton scait des moeurs et des pro- 
ductions des contrees decouvertes jusqu'a ce jour, et cm il est traite 
de 1'utiiite d'y faire de plus aniples decouvertes, et des moyens d'y for- 
mer un etablissement. 7 maps. 2 vols. 4to. Paris. 

This collection contains an account of all the voyages, beginning 
with the second expedition of Vespucci and ending with 1747, in which 
navigators touched upon the supposed southern continent of Magel- 
Innica, which is now represented by Australia and some scattered islands 
in the Antarctic regions. This work is dated 1754 by Sabin. 

1767 DALRYMPLE, ALEXANDER. An Account of the Discoveries made 

in the South Pacific Ocean Previous to 1764. Part I. Containing, I. 
A Geographical Description of Places. II. The Examination of the 
Conduct of the Discoverers in the Tracks they pursued. III. Investi- 
gation of what may be further expected. 7 folding plates. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

In his "Historical Collections," printed in 1770, Dalrymple states that only 
a few copies of this work were printed, and that it was not published until some 
time after, when it was reported that the French had discovered the Southern 
Continent, the great object of all his researches. From Sabin. 

KNOX, JOHN. A New Collection of Voyages, Discoveries and Trav- 
els, containing whatever is worthy of Notice, in Europe, Asia, Africa 
and America, in respect to the Situation and Extent of Empires, King- 
doms and Provinces, their Churches, Soil, Produce, . . . consisting of 
such Foreign Authors as are in most Esteem, including the Descrip- 
tions and Remarks of some late celebrated Travellers, not to be found 
in any other Collection. Maps, plans, and engravings. 7 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

A capital collection, containing well-digested narratives of the voyages and 
discoveries of Columbus, Ulloa, Dampier, Kolbe, Rogers, Drake, Pocock, Nieu- 
hoff, etc. Quoted by Maggs, No. 502. Vol. Ill includes an account of the coun- 
try and constitution of Great Britain in general and England in particular, togeth- 
er with a short general description of London and of the kingdom of Scotland 
and its laws. 

1768 DRAKE, EDWARD CAVENDISH. A New Universal Collection of 

Authentic and Entertaining Voyages and Travels from the earliest 
Accounts to the present Time. . . . The whole forming a History of 
whatever is most worthy of notice in Europe, Asia, Africa and Amer- 
ica. . . . Maps and plates. Fol. London. 

Republished, London, 1770 and 1771. 
Held in little estimation. Lowndes. 



COLLECTIONS 19 

1770-71 DALRYMPLE, ALEXANDER. An Historical Collection of Several 
Voyages and Discoveries in the South Pacific Ocean, Being chiefly 
a Literal Translation from the Spanish Writers. 18 engraved plates 
and folding maps. 2 vols. in 1. 4to. London. 

Another edition, 4to, London, 1775. Translated into French, Paris, 1774. 
See below. Into German, Hamburg, 1786, Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 
1775, II, 112. 

This is an important collection of voyages, relating entirely to the discoveries 
made between South America and New Guinea, the narratives being literal trans- 
lations from the original Spanish authors. Vol. It contains the early Dutch voy- 
ages. Maggs, No 491. Among the voyages included are those of Magellan, 
Mendana, Juan Fernandez, Quiros, Le Maire, Schouten, Tasman, Roggewein, etc. 
This collection was published to bolster up the editor's claim to the advantages 
accruing from securing the trade to the South Sea islands. Dalrymple is also 
to be remembered for some unpleasant associations with Cook's first voyage to the 
South Seas in 1768. This voyage was undertaken upon the recommendation of 
the Royal Society to George III for the purpose of observing the transit of Venus, 
and, as Dalrymple was a member of that Society and well versed in hydrography 
and astronomy, he was at first selected to head the expedition. But the Admir- 
alty preferred to place a naval man in charge and offered it to James Cook, then 
a lieutenant. Dalrymple refused to serve in a subordinate capacity and so re- 
mained at home. He was a strong believer in the existence of the fabulous South- 
ern Continent and located it a short distance west of South America. Cook, how- 
ever, relegated it to the limbo of dreams by his failure to discover it on his sec- 
ond circumnavigation. 

1774 (In French.) Voyages dans le mer du Sud, par les Espagnols et les Hol- 
landois. Ouvrage traduit de 1'Anglois de M. Dalrymple, par M. de Fre- 
ville. 3 folding maps. 8vo Paris. 

1772-79 BONWICK, JAMES. Bonwick's Transcripts. A Collection of Ex- 
tracts from the Monthly Review, dealing with works on Cook and 
Accounts of Botany Bay, 1772-79. London. 

1773 HAWKESWORTH, JOHN. An Account of the Voyages undertaken 
by the order of his present Majesty for making Discoveries in the 
Southern Hemisphere, and successfully performed by Commodore By- 
ron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook (1764-1771). 
Drawn up from the Journals which were kept by the several Com- 
manders and from the Papers of Joseph Banks, Esq. By John Hawkes- 
worth. 29 charts, maps, and views of islands, etc., and 23 plates of 
general views, incidents, and objects, etc., 3 vols. 4to. London. 

Another issue of the 1st edit, appeared in 3 vols., the same year, London. 
It is distinguished from the 1st issue by the fact that in the latter the paging be- 
ginning with vol. II runs on continuously to the end of vol. III. Another edition, 
2 vols., 8vo, Dublin, 1775; again 4 vols., London, 1785; 4 vols. in 2, Perth, 1789. 
Translated into French, 4 vols., Paris, Lausanne, Amsterdam, 1774; again into 
French, including- the later voyages of Cook's, together with those of Byron, Car- 
teret, and Wallis, 14 vols., with numerous maps and plates, Paris, 1774-1789; into 
Dutch, Rotterdam, 1774; into German, Berlin, 1774; into Italian, with Cook's 
later voyages, 13 vols., Naples, 1784. Practically all later collections contain Cook's 
voyages. See below for titles of translations. 

Hawkes worth wrote the official account of only Cook's first voyage, for 
which he received 6,000 pounds from the Government. How he came to be se- 
lected by Lord Sandwich as editor of this work is related by Fanny Burney in 



20 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

her Early Diary, September 15, 1771. In his hands were placed all the journals 
of Byron, Wallis, Carteret, Cook, and Banks ; he received some personal contribu- 
tions from Dr. Solander and had access to the Admiralty records. Being a lit- 
terateur he was expected to grace the narratives with sentiments and remarks of 
his own appropriate to the moment. He was probably stirred to emulate the 
style of the account by Chaplain Walter of Anson's voyage. He wrote the journals 
in the first person and so put sentiments into the mouths of the captains suited 
to the refinements of the age of the Noble Savage. Consequently the unique per- 
sonal clement of each commander is totally wanting. However, the work was one 
of the literary triumphs of the day. But it aroused envy and calumny. One of the 
charges against it was that it exhibited Free Thought, as when he omitted to re- 
gard a fortunate escape from danger as a special interposition of Providence. He 
shocked the delicacy of the age by failing to throw a veil over certain incidents. 
Garrick quarrelled with him because he did not give the bookseller Beckett the 
option of publishing the work Cambridge men pointed out errors in his astron- 
omy and mathematics ; and even Cook refused to affirm the accuracy of the work. 
"Dr. Hawkesworth dined here the same day; ... he has had very bad health 
lately. Indeed I believe that the abuse so illiberally cast on him, since he obtained 

6,000 pounds by writing the Voyages round the World, has really affected his 
health, by preying upon his mind. It is a terrible alternative, that an author must 
either starve and be esteemed, or be villified and get money." . . . "The world has 
lost one of its best ornaments a man of letters who was worthy and honest." 
From the Early Diary of Fanny Burney. Hawkesworth died Nov. 17, 1773. See 
also Smith's Life of Sir Joseph Banks. For remarks on the individual voyages see 
under CIRCUMNAVIGATIONS, 1773. 

1774 (In Dutch.) Reizen rondom de wereld van Byron, Wallis, Carteret en 
Cook. Uit het Engl. vert. Rotterdam. 

1774 (In French.) Relations des Voyages entrepris par ordre de S. M. Brit- 
annique, pour faire des decouvcrtes dans 1'hemisphere meridional, et suc- 
cessivement executes par le Commodore Byron, le Capitaine Carteret, 
le Capitaine Wallis et le Capitaine Cooke dans les vaisseaux le Dauphin, 
le Swallow, et 1'Endeavour. Traduit de 1'anglais par J. B. A. Suard. 
4 vols. Paris; Lausanne; Amsterdam. 

1774-1789 (In French.) Trois Voyages traduites de 1'anglais, par Suard et 
Demeunier. Avec la vie de Cook par Kippis traduite par Castera. 207 

maps, plates, and portraits. 14 vols. 4to. Paris. 

This collection contains the two later voyages of Cook as well as 
those of Byron, Carteret and Wallis. 

1774 (In German.) Geschichte der See-Reisen und Entdeckungen im Siid-Meer, 
unternommen von Byron, Wallis, Carteret und Cook. Aus dem Eng- 
lischen des Hawkesworth von J. Fr. Schiller. 66 plates and maps. 
3 vols. 4to. Berlin. 

1784 (In Italian.) Storia de' Viaggi intrapresi per ordine di S. M. Brittannica 
dal Capitano Giacomo Cook. Ricavata dalle autentiche relazioni del 
medesimo, e osservazioni, con una Introduzione Generate, . . . Por- 
trait and atlas containing 52 engraved plates and charts. 13 vols. 8vo. 
Naples. 

1773-75 HENRY, DAVID. An Historical Account of all the Voyages round 
the World, performed by English Navigators ; the whole faithfully Ex- 
tracted from the Journals of the Voyagers. 5 vols. 8vo. London. 

The contents include the voyages of Drake, Cavendish, Cowley, Dampier, 
Cooke, Rogers, Clipperton and Shelvocke, Anson, Byron, Wallis, Carteret, Cook, 
Parkinson, Bougainville, Phipps, and Lutwidge. There is an account of Henry 
in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 62, stating that he compiled only the first two 



COLLECTIONS 21 

volumes of the four, to which he added in 1775 a fifth volume containing the 
Journal of Cook's voyage in the Resolution, 1772-75, and that of the Adventure, 
1772-74. In 1786, a sixth volume was printed making complete the record of 
Cook's three voyages. It was translated into German, Leipzig, 1775-1780. See below. 

1775-1780 (In German.) Historischer Bericht von Sammtlichen durch die Eng- 
lander geschehenen Reisen um die Welt, in cinem getreuen Auszuge 

aus dem See-fahrer-tagebiichern. Aus dem Englischen. 6 vols. Leipzig. 

1774-78 The World Displayed : or, A Collection of Voyages and Travels, selected 
from the Writers of all Nations. In which the Conjectures and Inter- 
polations of several vain Editors and Translators are expunged: . . . 
Numerous engravings. 20 vols. 12mo. London. 

1775 DALRYMPLE, ALEXANDER. A Collection of Voyages, chiefly in the 
Southern Atlantic Ocean. Published from Original MSS. 4 maps. 
4to. London. 

This contains Dr. Edmund Halley's two voyages in 1698 and 1700; Voyage 
fait aux terres Australes par M. der Loziere Bouvet en 1738-39; Journal de nav- 
igation pour un voyage de la Mcr du Sud fait par S. Ducloz Guyot, en 1753-56; 
Journal of winds, weather, etc., at the Falkland Islands, in 1767-77, by Captain 
Macbride. Sabin. 

1776-77 LOWNDES, . Lowndes' Modern Traveller, a Collection of Use- 
ful and Entertaining Travels, exhibiting a view of the Manners, Re- 
ligion, Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce of the Known World, 
abridged from Maundrel, Keysler, Norden, Hasselquist, Thicknesse, 
Johnson, Anson, and other famous Travellers. 5 maps and 16 cop- 
perplates. 6 vols. 8vo. London. 

1777 The Modern Traveller. 6 vols. London. 

So cited in Pinkerton XVII. See also. 1800 below. 

1778 New Discoveries concerning the World and its Inhabitants, comprehending 

all the Discoveries made in the several Voyages of Commodore Byron, 
Captains Wallis, Carteret, and Cook, together with those of Bougain- 
ville, . . . also the Voyage of Constantine John Phipps. 2 maps and 3 
plates. 8vo. London. 

1780 MOORE, JOHN. A New and Complete Collection of Voyages and Trav- 
els. Fol. London. 

Another edition, 2 vols., fol., London, 1785. 

1782 PICKERSGILL, RICHARD. A Concise Account of the Voyages for the 
Discovery of a North-west Passage undertaken for finding a way to 
the East Indies. London. 



22 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1784 ANDERSON, GEORGE WILLIAM. A New, Authentic and Complete 
Collection of Voyages round the World by Capt. Cook, 1st, 2nd and 
3rd Voyages, together with Drake's, Byron's, Carteret's, Wallis's and 
other Voyages. . . . The Whole now publishing under the immediate 
direction of George William Anderson, assisted by a principal Officer, 
who sailed in the Resolution Sloop, and by many other Gentlemen. 
Numerous maps and plates. Fol. London. 

Another edition in 6 vols., London 1790, has been listed, but in view of the 
fact that the original edition and one of 1798 are in 1 vol. fol., the correctness 
of the citation may be doubtful. 

Anderson gives rehashes instead of the original accounts. 

1786 FORSTER, JOHN REINHOLD. The History of the Voyages and 
Discoveries made in the North, translated from the German of John 
Reinhold Forster. New and Original maps. 4to. London. 

A learned account of the various expeditions for discovering the North-West 
and North-East Passages. Maggs, No. 502. This work contains a good deal of 
useful information, much hypothesis and conjecture, as well as some mistakes, and 
many peevish and ill-natured reflections, particularly on the English. Lowndes. 
Forster had some grievances hanging over from his connections with Cook's voy- 
ages. 

The Voyages and Travels of Columbus, Magellan, Drake, Cavendish, 
Dampier, Cowley, Cook, Clipperton, and Shelvocke. With an Account 
of the Discovery of Easter Island and Davis* Land. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

1788 ADAMS, JOHN. The Flower of Modern Travels, being elegant, enter- 

taining, and instructive Extracts, selected from the Works of the 
most celebrated Travellers. 12mo. London. 

Reprinted, 12mo, Boston, 1797; and 3 vols., 12mo, London. This is so cited 
in Sabin. Sec also Adams under 1790 below. 

1789 BANKES, T. (Rev.). For a Collection of Travels see his Modern Au- 

thentic and Complete System of Universal Geography, under GEOG- 
RAPHY. 



RICHARDSON, W. A General Collection of Voyages and Discoveries 
made by the Portuguese and Spaniards during the Fifteenth and Six- 
teenth Centuries, containing the interesting and entertaining Voyages 
of the celebrated Gonzalez and Vas, Gonzalez Zarco, Lanzerota, Diego 
Gell, Cada Mosto, Pedro di Sintra, Diego d'Azambuza, Bartholomew 
Diaz, Vasco da Gama, Voyages to the Canary Islands, Voyages of Co- 
lumbus, Nino and Guierra, Ojeda and Vespusius Cortereal, Alvarez 
Cabral, Francis Almeed, Albuquerque, Andrea Corsali, Voyage to St. 
Thomas, Voyage of de Solis, Pinzon, . . . Voyage of John Ponce, Gri- 



COLLECTIONS 23 

jalva, Nieuessa, Cortes, Ojeda and Ocampo, Magellan, the West In- 
dies, Round the World, . . . Plates and maps. 4to. London. 

Richardson was the publisher of this work. 

1790 ADAMS, JOHN. Modern Voyages : containing a variety of useful and 
entertaining Facts, respecting the Expeditions and the principal Dis- 
coveries of Cavendish, Dampier, Anson, Byron, ... 2 vols. 8vo. 
Dublin. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1800. See below. 

1800 (In French.) Choix de Voyages Modernes pour 1'Instruction et 1' Amuse- 
ment des Deux Sexes. Traduit de 1* Anglais par J. F. Andre\ Folding 
map. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris. (An VIII.) 

COOK, JAMES. Voyages round the World, for Making Discoveries in 
the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The First performed in the 
Years 1768-1771. The Second in 1772-75. The Third and Last in 
1776-1780. Containing a Relation of all the interesting Transactions 
which occurred in the course of the Voyages. Including Captain Fur- 
neaux's Journal of his Proceedings during the Separation of the Ships. 
Portrait and numerous engraved maps and plates. 3 vols. Newcastle. 
8vo. 

Included in vol. II are Phipps' and Lutwidge's Voyage towards the North 
Pole. To which is prefixed an Account of the several Voyages undertaken for 
the Discovery of a Northeast Passage by Forster. A Description of a Man-of- 
War, tracing the Art of Shipbuilding from its Commencement to its present de- 
gree of perfection. (Governor) Phil(l)ips' Voyage to Botany Bay, etc. From 
Maggs, No. 442. The narrative is written partly in the first person, following 
Cook's Journal, and partly in the third, paraphrased from the official account. 
Cook Bibliography. 

Curious and Entertaining Voyages undertaken either for Discovery, Con- 
quest, or the Benefit of Trade; commencing with the Earliest Dis- 
coveries promoted by Prince Henry of Portugal, and 58 different Port- 
uguese and Spanish Voyages, exhibiting various Scenes of Cruelties, 
Hardships, Misfortunes and Discoveries, particularly on Columbus's 
Conquest of Mexico, etc., with Magellan's Voyage round the World. 
4to. London. 

HOGG, (Captain). A Collection of Voyages round the World: per- 
formed by Royal Authority. Containing a complete Historical Account 
of Captain Cook's First, Second, Third and Last Voyages, undertaken 
for making new Discoveries. To which are added those of Byron, 
Wallis, Carteret, Mulgrave, Anson, Parkinson, Lutwidge, Ives, Mid- 
dleton, Smith, . . . Portrait and numerous engraved plates and maps. 
6 vols. 8vo. London. 



24 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

A curious and uncommon edition of Cook's voyages, originally issued in 80 
weekly parts. Maggs, No. 491. Captain Hogg was the editor of the collection. 
The title asserts that this is the most elegant and perfect work of its kind. In 
Sabin it is listed as appearing in five volumes in 1785. 

An Interesting Account of the Early Voyages made by the Portuguese 
and Spaniards, ... to Africa, East and West Indies, the Discovery of 
numerous Islands, with Particulars of the Lives of those Eminent 
Navigators, including the Life of Columbus ; to which is added the Life 
of Captain Cook (extracted from Kippis). 7 plates and maps. 4to. 
London. 

1791 Discoveries of the French in 1768-69 to the South-east of New Guinea with 
the subsequent visits to the same Lands by English Navigators who 
gave them new names, with an historical Abridgement of the Voyages 
and Discoveries of the Spaniards in the same seas by M. (for- 
merly a captain in the French Army). 12 charts. 4to. London. 

Among its contents are the discoveries of Mendana in 1567 and 1595, de 
Quiros in 1606, Carteret in 1767, de Bougainville in 1768, de Surville in 1769, 
Lieut. Shortland in 1788, etc. Bookseller's Note. 

1791-92 HERON, ROBERT. The New Universal Traveller: Travels in Af- 
rica and Asia (Vaillant, Sparrman, Niebuhr, etc.). Map and numer- 
ous engraved plates. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

The title of this item suggests that it includes more than two volumes ; but the 
above listing is all that has come to the notice of the editor. 

1796-1802 MAYOR, WILLIAM. An Historical Account of Voyages, Travels, 
and Discoveries from the Time of Columbus to the Present Period. 
Portrait, plates, and maps. 26 vols. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., 28 vols., London, 1810; 3rd edit, 28 vols., London, 1813-15. 
This work is but a compilation, which gives the substance and "the most in- 
teresting parts of the most popular books of travel." 

1800 The Modern Traveller, containing compressed Travels of Mungo Park 
and others in Africa. 4 vols. 12mo. London. 



COLLECTIONS 25 

ADDENDA I. 

1806 PHILLIPS, SIR RICHARD. A Collection of Modern and Contempor- 
ary Voyages and Travels. 6 vols. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, 11 vols., London, 1820-23. 

This contains Peron's Voyage to the Southern Hemisphere; Keith's Voyage 
to South America and the Cape ; Bolinbroke's Voyage to Demerara ; Ashe's Trav- 
els in America; Sarytschew's Voyage to North East Siberia; Voyage to India 
and China in H. M. S. Caroline; and many European travels. 

1806-1814 PINKERTON, JOHN. A General Collection of the best and most 
interesting Voyages and Travels in all Parts of the World. Numerous 
plates and maps. 17 vols. 4to. London. 

Vol. XVII contains a Bibliography of Voyages (255 pp.) and a general Index 
(472 pp.). The bibliography has to be used with much caution, as it turns out to 
be full of errors in dates and names, and is often unsatisfactory because of the 
brevity of the wording of titles and the lack of information needed to place a 
given work. The collection is of great value for its texts, which it sometimes 
gives entire and sometimes abridged and digested, with as much use as possible of 
the traveller's own language, 

1811-1824 KERR, ROBERT. A General History and Collection of Voyages 
and Travels, arranged in Systematic Order, forming a Complete His- 
tory of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery and Com- 
merce, by Sea and Land, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time. 
Maps and charts. 18 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

Vol. XVIII of this work contains, besides Stevenson's ''Historical Sketch of 
the Progress and Discovery, Navigation and Commerce, from the earliest records 
to the beginning of the Nineteenth Century," a biographical Catalogue of Voyages 
and Travels. The work contains a great variety of very curious and interesting 
early voyages of rare occurrence only to be found otherwise in expensive and 
voluminous collections. Bookseller's Note. 

1813 A General Collection of Voyages and Travels including the most interest- 
ing Records of Navigators and Travellers, from the Discovery of 
America, by Columbus in 1492, to the Travels of Lord Valencia. Maps 
and engravings. 28 vols. 12mo. London. 

1817 MURRAY, HUGH. An Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels 
in Africa, by the late John Leyden, Enlarged and completed to the 
present Time. 9 maps. 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 



1831 The Lives and Voyages of Drake, Cavendish, and Dampier, including an 
Introductory View of the earlier Discoveries in the South Sea, and 
the History of the Buccaneers. Portraits. 8vo. Edinburgh. 



26 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1848 WRIGHT, THOMAS. Early Travels in Palestine, comprising the Nar- 

ratives of Arculf, Willibald, Bernard, Saewulf, Sigurd, Benjamin of 
Tudela, v Sir John Maundeville, de la Broquiere, and Maundrell. 8vo. 
London. 

In Bohn's Library. 

1849 Narratives of Voyages towards the North- West, In search of a Passage 

to Cathay and India, 1496 to 1631. With selections from the early 
Records of ... the East India Company and from MSS. in the British 
Museum. Edited by Thomas Rundall. 2 maps. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 
5. London. 

1856 A Collection of Documents on Spitzbergen and Greenland, Comprising a 
Translation from F. Martens' Voyage to Spitzbergen, 1671 ; a Trans- 
lation from Isaac la Peyrere's Histoire du Greenland, 1663, and God's 
Power and Prorndence in the Preservation of Eight Men in Greenland 
Nine Moneths and Twelve Dayes, 1630. Edited by Adam White. 2 
maps. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 18. London. 

1858 India in the Fifteenth Century, Being a Collection of Narratives of Voy- 

ages to India in the century preceding the Portuguese discovery of the 
Cape of Good Hope; from Latin, Persian, Russian, and Italian Sources. 
Translated into English and edited by Richard Henry Major, F.S.A. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 22. London. 

1859 Early Voyages to Terra Australis, Now called Australia. A Collection of 

documents, and extracts from early MS. Maps, illustrative of the his- 
tory of the discovery of Australia from the beginning of the sixteenth 
century to the time of Captain Cook. Edited by Richard Henry Major, 
F.S.A. 5 maps. Ilak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 25. London. 

1902 BEAZLEY, C. RAYMOND. Voyages and Travels, mainly during the 
16th and 17th Centuries. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

This was reprinted with very slight alterations from the English Garner, 8 
vols., 1877-1890, London, by Edward Arber. The texts are in the main reprinted, 
with occasional compression, from Hakluyt's Principal Navigations, either of the 
edition of 1589 or that of 1598-1600. 

1902-06 CAMDEN MISCELLANY. Vols. 10 to 14; containing Hoby's Book 
of Travaile, 1547-66; Journal of Sir R. Wilbraham, Solicitor General 
in Ireland, 1593-1616; Spanish Narratives of Santo Domingo, 1655; 
English Conquest of Jamaica, 1655-56; Life of Sir John Digby, 1605- 
1645, etc. Edited by S. R. Gardiner, W. Cunningham, C. L. Kingsford, 
etc. 5 vols. 4to. London. 



COLLECTIONS 27 

1904-07 THWAITES, R. G. For a collection of early western travels in 
North America from 1748-1846, see under NORTH AMERICA. 

1923 NEVINS, ALLAN. American Social History as Recorded by British 
Travellers. 8vo. New York. 

This work illustrates the American scene by selections from the diaries and 
journals of British travellers in the eastern United States of the early 19th cen- 
tury. Each selection is prefaced by an interesting introduction. 



1924 Colonising Expeditions to the West Indies and Guiana, 1623-1667. Edited 
by Vincent T. Harlow, B.A., B. Litt., F.R. Hist. Soc. 6 maps and 2 
plates. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 56. London. 

These narratives hitherto unpublished, record the early efforts of English Ad- 
venturers to explore and occupy regions in the New World, made famous by the 
buccaneers of the 16th century. They thus form a vital link between the voyages 
of Hawkins and Raleigh and subsequent colonial history. Hakluyt Society. 

HARLEIAN MISCELLANY. Among the selections is Travels in the 
East. 8vo. London. 



1929 KOMROFF, MANUEL. Contemporaries of Marco Polo. Consisting of 
the Travel Records to the Eastern World of William of Rubruck 
(1253-1255) ; The Journey of John of Pian de Carpini (1245-1247) ; 
the Journal of Friar Odoric (1318-1330) ; and the Oriental Travels of 
Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela (1160-1173). Edited by Manuel Komroff. 
8vo. London. 



1930 ADLER, ELKAN. Jewish Travellers, from the Ninth to the Eighteenth 

Century. Edited and translated with an Introduction, by Elkan Adler. 
Plates and map. 8vo. Broadway Travellers series. London. 

The literature of medieval travel has been greatly enriched by this latest addi- 
tion to the Broadway Travellers. The Jew was from the earliest times a wan- 
derer, and when his wanderings were due not to persecution but to the spirit of 
adventure and scientific enquiry, they yielded narratives full of interesting and 
curious information. From the Manchester Guardian. 

1931 LAWRENCE, A. W. and YOUNG, JEAN. Narratives of the Discov- 

ery of America. Edited by A. W. Lawrence and Jean Young. 8vo. 
London ( ?). 

This volume contains translations of the principal documents of both periods 
of America's discovery, the Sagas, which describe the Viking expeditions to Green- 
land, and the coasts of North America, as well as accounts of the better known 
voyages of Columbus and Cabot. New and complete translations have been made 
from the Icelandic and Spanish originals, except in the case of Columbus' Journal, 
where an early American version has been thoroughly revised Bookseller's Note. 



28 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

ADDENDA II 

On account of their importance in the history of travel literature some 
foreign collections are here listed and described. Most of these items have 
not been turned into English, at least in their entirety. 

1507 VESPUCCI, AMERIGO. Paesi novamente retrovati e Novo Mondo. 
4to. Milan (?). 

2nd edit., Milan, 1508. Translated into Latin, Milan, 1508. 

This work is the first collection of voyages ever compiled. It contains the 
Italian version based on Giocondo's rendering of Vespucci's famous third voyage 
(the first under the Portuguese flag) . . . This voyage lasted from May 10, 1501, 
to September 7, 1502. Maggs, No. 479. In notes to the Latin version Maggs goes 
on to say : After the letters of Columbus, it is the most important contribution to 
the early history of American discovery. It commences with the navigations of 
Alovisc de Cadamosto in Kthiopia, etc, which appeared for the first time in this 
work, followed by the voyages of de Cintra in 1462, of Vasco da G.ima in 1497- 
1500, of Cabral in 1500-1501, of Columbus 1492-1498, of Alonso Negro and the Pin- 
zons, of Vespucci's Third Voyage, 1501-1502, of Cortercal, 1500-1501, etc. It also 
contains the narrative of Joseph, the converted Indian, brought to Portugal by 
Cabral, and letters relating to the Portuguese Voyages. Its chief value consists in 
its containing the voyages of Columbus and Vespucci. The actual author. ot the 
compilation is not definitely known. 

1532 GRYNAEUS, SIMON. Novtis Orbis Regionuin ac Insularum vetcribus 
incognitarum, uria cum tabula cosmographica, & aliquot aliis consimilis 
argument! libellis. Fol. Paris. 

This work, which may be considered as the first General History of Travels, 
was the compilation of John Huttich Grynaeus only wrote the preface Maggs, 
No. 429. Its chief articles are the Voyages of Cadamosto, Columbus, the four 
Voyages of Vespucci, Vincente Yancz Pinzon, Marco Polo, Haiton, etc. 

1554-1586 RAMUSIO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA. Dclle Navigation* et Viag- 
gi, raccolte da M. Gio. Batt. Ramusio, in tre volumi clivisi. Maps. 3 
vols. Fol. Venice. 

This work, which served as a model to Hakluyt, was the first great system- 
atic collection of voyages that had so far appeared. For its contents see Sabin, 
Dictionary of Books relating to America. Vol. Ill is given over entirely to Amer- 
ica. It contains translations from works that had been published in Spanish, 
French, and Latin, and some from manuscripts thai had never yet been published. 
It was compiled during the latter part of Ramusio's life and is carefully and in- 
telligently done, as he had devoted his mature years to historical and geographical 
study, in which he gave instruction in a school which he carried on in his own 
house. He left material for a fourth volume, but the manuscript was destroyed 
in a fire which burned the printing-house of the publisher not long after his 
death in 1557. John Locke, the English philosopher, held the highest opinion of 
the work, asserting that it was free from that "great mass of useless matter which 
swells our English Hakluyt and Purchas, much more complete and full than the 
Latin De Bry, and in fine is the noblest work of this nature." Maggs, No. 519. 

1580-1661 ANNCJAE LITTER AE SOCIETATIS JESU. Annual Utters 
from Brazil. Philippines, Cochin-China, Tibet, Japan, China, East In- 



COLLECTIONS 29 

dies, South America, Canada, etc. Printed in various cities and towns 
and under various editors. 

Under the above dates Maggs, No. 429, lists a collection of 40 vols., printed in 
18 and 12mo. Quaritch, No. 415, lists 24 vols. out of 33, of the dates 1583-1658. 
Then there were the Jesuit Relations, as the phrase is generally used, sent in from 
Canada, which comprise the Cramoisy series, as published annually by Sebastien 
Cramoisy in Paris. Just how many make up this series is probably not known. In 
1858, the Canadian Government had this series reprinted at Quebec in 25 vols., 
under the editorship of John G. Shea. For this edition and the later one issued in 
a greatly enlarged form by the Burrows Brothers, Cleveland, in some 73 vols., see 
under date 1 858- 1868.- NORTH AMERICA. See Lockman under 1743 above; also 
under 1819-1854 below. 

These annual reports from Jesuit missionaries stationed all over the world 
constitute a most vital source of historical, geographical, political, and social in- 
formation. Whether there is a complete set in existence anywhere on earth is 
commonly doubted. Their regular appearance dates from the accession of Rudolf o 
Acquaviva to the generalship of the order. The system as worked out is thus 
described by Maggs, No. 429. Those laboring in the outposts sent in reports to 
their superiors on all matters relating to the Society; the Superiors and Rectors 
of all houses and colleges in Europe had to make a weekly report to their Provin- 
cial ; the Provincial in his turn made a monthly report to the General of the 
Society. According to Quaritch, there was no report in 1615, the year that Acqua- 
viva died, nor for several years afterwards. Shortly after 1650, by the same au- 
thority, reports ceased altogether. 

1590-1634 DE BRY, THEODORE. Collections Peregrinationum in Indian 
orientalem et occidentalem XXV partibus comprehensae ; opus illus- 
tratum figuris Fratrum de Bry et Meriani ; Americae partes 13, Indiae 
orientalis 12. Frankfort. 

These are better known as the Grands et Petits Voyages. Originally the de- 
sign was to publish them in English, Latin, French, and German, but after the ap- 
pearance of the first volume the plan was abandoned and the remainder were is- 
sued in Latin and German. De Bry died in 1598, leaving his work to be carried 
on by his widow and two sons-in-law. The intermittent character of the publish- 
ing and the overlapping of new parts with reissues of old ones make the problem 
of arranging the editions in their proper order most baffling, and in consequence 
these voyages have been made the subject of a large number of bibliographical 
studies, without an agreement being reached on the right contents of a complete 
set. The titles of the various lists and comparisons are given in the Bulletin of 
the New York Public Library, VIII, 230, introductory to a "Catalogue of the 
De Bry Collection of Voyages in the New York Public Library/' a collection made 
by James Lenox and held to be the finest in existence. There is an account of 
the De Bry Collection in the Library of E. D wight Church, printed in the Church 
Catalogue. The most complete comparative study of the Voyages is that of the 
Earl of Crawford, published in 1894. See Biblwtheca Lindensiana, Collations and 
Notes, No. 3, London, 1884. The series in the John Carter Brown Library, which 
fills sixty-one pages of the Catalogue, ranks among the first in extent, condition, 
and completeness. The Catalogue of this last named Library makes mention also 
of a study of the contents of the various parts and the sources from which they 
are derived, viz., the Memoir sur la Collection des Grands et Petits Voyages by 
Armand Gaston Camus, published in 1802. The Grands Voyages deal with Amer- 
ica and the Petits Voyages with Africa and Asia. An analysis of the contents of 
the American voyages is to be found in Maggs, No. 442, and of the whole col- 
lection in Robinson, No. 41. De Bry undoubtedly had the assistance of Hakluyt 
in the publication and arrangement of some of the material for the first volume. 
A brief account of De Bry's work is given in Waldman, 97-100. 



30 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1598-1660 HULSIUS, LEVINUS. Sammlung von 26 Schifffahrten in ver- 
schiedene fremde Lander durch Leo Hulsium und einige andere aus 
dem Hollandischen ins Deutsch ubersetzt und mit allerhand Anmer- 
kungen versehen. 25 Thiele. Nurnberg, Francfurt und Hanover. 

For a description of this series in its various editions see the John Carter 
Brown Catalogues and Wilber force Eames' Contributions to a Catalogue of the 
Lenox Library Hulsius was born in Ghent, but in 1594 he settled at Frankfort 
on the Main as a publishing bookseller. Before his death in 1606 eight parts of 
his Voyages had appeared. His -widow and successors continued to publish parts, 
some in connection with the De Brys, until the 26th part was issued in 1663. Less 
ambitious than the DeBrys, Hulsius contented himself with translations into Ger- 
man, only Parts IV and V appearing in Latin, in 1599, and with doubtful success, 
as the experiment was not continued. Hardly two sets will agree in detail. 
From John Carter Brown. 

1612 Descriptio ac delineatio Geographica Detectionis Freti, sive, Transitus ad 
Oceanum, supra terra Americanos, in Chinam alque Japonem ducturi, 
Recens investigati ab M. Henrico Hudsono Anglo. Narratio . . . super 
tractum, in quinta Orbis terrarum parte, cui Australiae Incognitae no- 
men est, recens detecto, Per Capitanum Petrum Ferdinandez de Quir. 
4to. Amsterdam. 

This is a hitherto unrecorded variant of the first edition of the most remark- 
able Collection of Voyages of Discovery of this period. The editor has collected 
together in this book a relation of the three most marvellous discoveries of the 
previous years in the most unknown parts of the world, viz., the Discovery of the 
Northwest Passage to America, by Henry Hudson, including the Hudson River 
and Hudson's Bay, etc. The Discovery of the Northern Coasts of Australia by 
Fernandez de Quiros. The Voyage of Isaac Massa to Siberia. For Hudson this is 
the first news printed concerning the voyage to the northern parts of America. 
For De Quiros it is the first edition in Latin of his report to the King of Spain. 
And for Isaac Massa it is also the first edition of his Relation of Siberia. Maggs, 
No. 479. 

1648 HARTGERTS, JOOST. OosMndische Voyagien door dien Begin en 
Voortgangh, van de Vereenighde Nederlandsche Geoctroyeerde Oost- 
Indische Compagnie. Vervatende de voornaemste Reysen, be de In- 
woonderen der selver Provintien derwaerts ghedaen, . . . Engraved 
plates and shipping vignettes. 16 parts in 1 vol. 4to. Amsterdam. 

This extraordinary Collection of Voyages is sometimes called the "Dutch De 
Bry" or the "Dutch Hulsius"; for in beauty of execution and intrinsic interest it 
rivals both of those famous collections. In point of rarity there is no comparison ; 
this being scarcely known to bibliographers. How many parts Hartgerts published 
is even now uncertain, although the most active research has been made by col- 
lectors of voyages and travels for many years. The parts were probably issued 
and sold separately, and their collection into sets, with a collective title, preface, 
etc., was an afterthought. This collection has an advantage over De Brys' and 
Hulsius', in that many of the voyages are in the language in which they were 
originally written, while most of those by De Bry and Hulsius are translations. 
Quoted by Maggs, No. 479. Maggs also lists the contents of the Collection. 



COLLECTIONS 31 

1666-1672 THEVENOT, MELCHISEDEC. Relations de divers Voyages cur- 
ieux, qui n'ont point este publiees, ou qui este traduites . . . et de 
quelques Persans, Arabes et autres . . . Plates and maps. 4 vols. Fol. 
Paris. 

The importance of Thevenot's Collection needs no comment. When complete 
its scope is universal, as it includes accounts from nearly all parts of the world 
Japan, China, Philippines, Siam, Tartary, Mongolia, India, Egypt, Abyssinia, Per- 
sia, Arabia, Asia Minor, and Russia. Of American interest are the Voyage du 
Sicur Acarete a Buenos Aires, Voyage dans la riviere de la Plate, Histoire de 
I'empire mexicain. To Australia relates the Voyage de Bontehoe with a large 
map of Australia and the Expedition of Alvara de Mendano to the Solomon Is- 
lands. From Hiersemann. It also contains the first account of the discovery of 
the River Mississippi by Father Marquette in 1673, and its folding map of that 
river, which is believed to be the first extant; a map, with explanations, of the 
discovery of the countries near the North Pole, by the Dutch ; a Description of an 
overland Journey from Russia to China in 1653 ; and the most important, and one 
of the very earliest, maps (Tasman's) of Australia, Tasmania, and New Zeal- 
and. Maggs, No. 502, Thevenot was born about 1629, and as a young man trav- 
elled about Europe considerably, although he left no narratives of his journeys. 
He later settled down in Paris, and devoted himself to scientific studies. He 
made the acquaintance of all who had travelled in distant lands and published the 
accounts of their travels in the above Collection. Maggs 

1674 JUSTEL, HENRI. Recueil de Divers Voyages Faits en Afrique et en 
TAmerique. (Including) Histoire des Barbados, par R. Ligon; Ex- 
trait de Thistoire d'Ethiopie de Telles ; Relation des Caraibes, par de 
Laborde; Description de I'empire de Pretre-Jean; Jamaique, Colonies 
Anglaises, ... 8 folding maps and plans and 8 plates. Fol. Paris. 

Ligon was translated from the English. See under date 1657, WEST IN- 
DIES. Some of the voyages herein contained had not been published before. 

1691-93 ANZI, CONTE A. DEGU. II Genio Vagante Biblioteca Curiosa di 
cento e piu Relazioni di Viaggi Stranieri de'nostri tempi Raccolta dal 
Conte Aurelio degli Anzi. 4 folding maps and 7 plates. 4 vols. 
12mo. Parma. 

This work is composed of extracts, private letters, etc., from Italian, French, 
English, and Spanish travellers. 

1702 Recueil des Voyages qui ont servi a 1'Establissement et aux Progres de la 
Compagnie des Indes Orientales formee dans les Provinces Unies des 
Pays-bas. 11 folding maps and plate. 12mo. Amsterdam. 

1706-08 AA, PIETER VAN DER. Naaukeurige Versamling der Gedenk- 
waardigste Zee en Land-Reyen na Ooost en West-Indien. Hundreds 
of engraved plates and maps. 127 vols., bound in 29. 8vo. Amster- 
dam. 

Good complete sets of these Voyages are very uncommon. All of them were 
issued as separate works. Maggs, No. 502. In this catalogue Maggs lists sep- 
arately the contents of each volume. 



32 ./ AWTtf/LVCV: GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1715 BERNARD, J. F. Recueil de Voyages au Nord, contenant divers Me- 
moires tres-utiles au Commerce et a la Navigation. 4 vols. 12mo. 
Amsterdam. 

Another edition in 10 vols.. Amsterdam. 

The contents of this work go beyond the title ; it is rather a universal collec- 
tion, containing the voyages of a number of English explorers. Noticed in the 
Journal des Scarans, 1716, I, 278; 1718, II, 302; 1720, I, 614. 

1717 Memoires des Missions dans le Levant. 9 vols. Paris. 

1729 Recueil de divers Voyages curieux en Tartarie, ... 2 vols. Leyden. 
Sammlung von Reisen in Europa. 2 vols. Hamburg. 

1734 LAFITAU, J. F. Histoire des Decouvertes et Conquestes des Portugais 

dans le Nouveau Monde. 10 plates. 3 vols. Paris. 

This is a general work on the history of Portuguese navigations in both hem- 
ispheres. Bookseller's Note. 

1735 Bergeron, P. Voyages faits principalement en Asie dans les XII, XIII, 

XIV, et XV siecles, par Benjamin de Tudele, Jean du Plan-Carpin, N. 
Ascelin, Guillaume de Rubruquis, Marc Paul Venitien, Haiton, Jean 
de Mandeville et Ambroise Contarini, accompagne de 1'Histoire des 
Sarasins et des Tartares, et prccedez d'une Introduction concernant les 
voyages et les nouvelles decouvertes des principaux voyageurs. 4to. 
The Hague. 

1746-1768 PREVOST, A. K. (Abbe). Histoire generate des voyages, ou nou- 
velle collection de toutes les relations de voyages par mer et par terre, 
qui ont ete publiees jusqu'a present dans les differentes langues de 
toutes les nations connues. Folding plates and charts. 18 vols. 4to. 
Paris. 

Vol. 17 forms the Supplement and vol. 18 is the first volume of the Contin- 
uation, of which two more volumes were published. This work is much indebted 
to Astlcy's Collection. See above under date 1745-47. 

1747-1774 Allgemeine Historic der Reisen zu Wasser und zu L,ande, oder 
Sammlung aller Reisebeschreibungen, welche bis jetze in verschiedenen 
Sprachen von aller Volkern herausgegeben worden, . . . Aus dem Eng- 
lischen iibersetzt. 2 Maps and plates. 21 vols. 4to. Amsterdam 
(some copies bear the imprint Leipzig.) 

This valuable repository contains translations of many of the early voyages 
and travels in America, and some Indian vocabularies, etc., mostly by J. J. 
Schwabe. A detailed list of the contents is given in the supplement to the index 
of Books in the Bates Hall of the Public Library, Boston. Sabin. 



COLLECTIONS 33 

1749-1770 DIDOT, . Histoire Generate des Voyages ou Nouvelle Collec- 
tion de toutes les Relations de Voyages par mer et par terre. Numer- 
ous maps and views. 76 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

See Prevost under 1746-1768 above. 

1750 Almindelig Histoire over Reiser til Lands og Vande, eller Samlung af 
alle Reisebeskrivelser oversat af Engelsk. 5 vols. Copenhagen. 

This Danish coKection is likewise probably based on Astley. 

1750-1764 Sammlung neuer und merkwiirdiger Reisen zu Wasser und zu 
Lande. 11 Theile. Gottingen. 

1756 BROSSES, PRESIDENT CHARLES DE. For his Histoire des navi- 
gations see above under Callander, 1766-68. 

1768 ADELUNG, J. C. Geschichte der Schitffahrten und Versuchen zur Ent- 
deckung des nord-ostlichen wegs nach Japan und China. Halle. 

1769-1771 DELAPORTE, (Abbe). Le Voyageur Francois, ou la connoissance 
de 1'ancien et du nouveau monde, mis au jour par M. 1'Abbe Delaporte. 
22 vols. 8vo, Paris. 

1780-06 LA HARPE, JEAN FRANCOIS DE. Abrege de 1'Histoire Generate 
des Voyages. Numerous engravings of views, curiosities, manners and 
customs, costumes, etc. 32 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

1784 FORSTER, JOHANN REINHOLD. Allgemcine Geschichte der Ent- 
deckungen und Schifffahrten im Norden. Mit neuen Original-Karten. 
Frankfurt a. O. 

1785-86 TRASSLER, J. G. Sammlung der besten Reise-Beschreibungen. 
(Vols. ?.) Troppau. 

1786 FABRI, JOHANN ERNST. Sammlung von Stadt-, Land- und Reise- 
beschreibungcn. Karten. 2 Theile. Halle. 

Nouveau Recueil des Voyages au Nord de 1'Europe et de TAsie. Paris ( ?). 

Among the references to English travellers is Dr. Johnson's Account of the 
Journey through Scotland and the Hebrides. Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 
1786, II 387. 



34 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1787-1794 PONZ, ANTONIO. Viage de Espana. Tercera Edicion, corregeda, 
y augmentada. 18 vols. Madrid (?). 

1788 Voyages intere^santes dans differentes colonies francaise, espagnoles et 
anglaises. Observations importantes, relative a ces contrees, avec un 
memoire sur les maladies les plus communes a Saint-Domingue avec 
une explication des remedes, Memoires diverses sur Curacao, Tile de 
la Grenade dans les Antilles anglaises, la Martinique, Puorto-Rico, . . . 
Paris. 



1788-89 PERTHES, J. L. HUB. SIMON DE. Histoire des Nauf rages, ou 
recueil des relations les plus interessantes des naufrages, hiverniments, 
delaissement, ... sur mer depuis le 15. siecle jusqu'a present, par 
M. Duromesnil. 3 vols. Paris. 

1789 KREBEL, G. F. Die vornehmsten Reisen durch Italien. Hamburgh. 

1791 FORSTER, J. G. A. Geschichte der Reisen, die seit Cook an der Nord- 
west und Nordost-Kiiste von Amerika und in dem Nordlichsten Amer- 
ika selbst von Meares, Dixon, Portlock, Coxe, Long, u.a.m. unternom- 
men worden sind. Aus dem Englischen mit Zuziehung aller anderweit- 
igen Hiilfsquellen ausgearbeitet von Georg Forster. 4 maps and 27 
plates. 3 vols. 4to. Berlin. 

1795 BERENGER, J. P. Collection de toutes les voyages faits autour du 

monde. 9 vols. Paris, 

1795-96 GRASSET, SAINT-SAUVER, J. Encyclopedic des voyages, conten- 
ant 1'Abrege historique des moeurs, usages, habitudes domestiques, 
religions, . . . 432 colored plates. 5 vols. Paris. 

1796 COOK, JAMES. Premier, second et troisieme voyage autour du monde 

fait en 1768-1780, precede des relations de Byron, Carteret, Wallis, . . . 
Traduit nouvellement par Breton. 2 atlases containing 50 maps. 12 
vols. Paris. 

1797 GRASSET, SAINT-SAUVER. J. Histoire abrege des decouvertes des 

Capitaines Cook, Wilson, La Perouse, . . . Paris. 



COLLECTIONS 35 

1800-1835 SPRENGEL, M. C. Bibliothek der neuesten und wichtigsten Reis- 
ebeschreibungen zur Erweiterung der Erd- und Volkerkunde, heraus- 
gegeben von M. C. Sprengel und fortgesetzt von T. F. Ehrmann. 115 
Theile. Weimar. 

1808 RICHARDERIE, G. BOUCHER DE LA. Bibliotheque universelle des 
Voyages, ou Notice complete et raisonnee de tous les voyages anciens 
et modernes dans les differentes parties du monde classes par ordre des 
pays dans leur serie chronologique, ... 6 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

1819-1854 Lettres edifiantes et curieuses, ecrites des missiones etrangeres, avec 
les Annales de la Propogation de la foi. 40 vols. Lyons. 

These celebrated letters cover the activities of the Jesuit missions in various 
parts of the world from 1702-1776. Several editions of them, ranging from 
1702-1776 to 1875-77, have appeared in various lands and various languages. For 
some of these see below. The collection relating to French Canada in particular 
is known as the "Jesuit Relations" (see Shea under 1858-1868, NORTH AMER- 
ICA) ; for the "Annual Letters" see under 1580-1661, this Addenda. In addition 
there are other collections, especially those concerning the eastern part of the 
world. Lockman's Collection under 1743 above is a translation from the Let- 
tres edifiantes. 

1753 Cartas Kdificantes, y Curiosas, cscritas de las Missiones Estrangeras, por 
algunos Missioneros de la Compania de Jesus: traducidas del Idioma 
Frances por el Padre Diego Davin, de la Compania de Jesus. Plates 
and Maps. 16 vols. 4to. Madrid. 

1753 Lettres edifiantes. 34 vols. 12mo. Venice. 

1829 NAVARRETE, DON MARTIN FERNANDEZ DE. Coleccion de los 
Viajes y Descubrimientos que hiceron por mar los Espanoles desdc 
fines del Siglo XV. Madrid. 

2nd edit., in 5 vols., Madrid, 1837, and later. 

1837-1841 TERNAUX-COMPANS, H. Voyages, relations et memoires orig- 
inaux pour servir a 1'histoire de la decouverte de rAmerique. 8vo. 
20 vols. Paris. 



1854-1857 CHARTON, EDOUARD. Voyageurs anciens et modernes, ou 
choix des relations de voyages les plus interessantes et les plus instruc- 
tives depuis le cinquieme siecle avant Jesus-Christ jusqu'au dix-neu- 
vieme siecle, avec biographies, notes et indications iconographiques. 
4 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

1904 BOHME, M. Die Grossen Reisesammlung des 16 Jahrhunderts und ihre 
Bedeutung. Strassburg. 



II. 

Circumnavigation 

1510-1520 RASTELL, JOHN. New Interlude and a Merry of the Nature of 
the Four Elements. 

Rastell was the publisher of this play. It has an account of how men could sail 
"plain eastwards and come to England again." See under GENERAL TRAVELS. 

1555 PIGAFETTA, FRANCISCO ANTONIO. A Brief e Declaration of the 
Voyage of Nauigation made abowte the Worlde. In Eden's The De- 
cades of the Nrwe Worlde or West India. See under COLLECTIONS. 

An English translation was made by Richard Wren (probably from the Ital- 
ian), London, 1525. Reprinted in Harris I, 6-14; in Callandcr (drawn out of sev- 



raphy is appended to the 1906 edition. 

There are two distinct accounts of Magellan's famous voyage, the first cir- 
cumnavigation of the globe this, the best and longest by Pigafctta, who accom- 
panied Magellan on the expedition, and the second one contained in a letter by 
Maximilianus Transylvanus, which was translated into Italian from the Latin 
This last is also found in the 1542 edition of Boemus's Omnium Gentium Mores, 
etc. (See Boemus under date 1611, GENERAL TRAVELS.) According to Cal- 
lander, the first history of this epoch-marking voyage by Peter Martyr was lost 
in the sack of Rome by the Constable Bourbon. And the original Italian version 
of Pigafetta's is likewise lost but a French abridgement of it was made by Fabre 
and published by him in Paris, 1525. From this translation another Italian version 
was made and published at Venice, 1536. A fairly long detailed account of this 
voyage is contained in Herrera's Ifistoria General of 1601 (sec Herrera under 
date 1725-26, WEST INDIES). See also Argensola's Discovery and Conquest of 
the Moluccas under date of 1708, SOUTH SEAS. 

Magellan's voyage* was the first circumnavigation of the globe, and on it was 
based the Portuguese claim to the discovery of Australia in 1521. (The voyage 
lasted from Sept. 20, 1519, to Sept. 6, 1522). Magellan himself was killed by the 
natives of the Philippine Islands, and his vessel arrived home under the command 
of Sebastian del Cano. The voyage resulted in the discovery of a route to the 
Pacific Ocean around South America. Various small islands in the South Seas, 
including the Island of Amsterdam, were discovered, and the expedition visited 
the Philippines, Molucca Islands, and the Ladrones, etc. Maggs, No. 491. Magel- 
lan succeeded where Columbus failed. He had proved that the world was round ; 
he had also demonstrated the possibility of its circumnavigation. As a sailor, a 
geographer, an explorer, Magellan was a great man, greater perhaps than either 
Columbus or Da Gama, perhaps even, as has been suggested, "the greatest of an- 
cient and modern navigators." Baker, A History of Geographical Discovery and 
Exploration. 

1744-48 MAGELLAN, FERDINAND. The Voyage of Ferdinand Maglianes or 
Magellan, from the South Seas to the East-Indies. In Harris I, 6-14. 

1808-1814 PIGAFETTA, FRANCISCO ANTONIO. Voyage round the World. 
Effected in the Years 1519-1522, with the Squadron of Magellan. With 
an Extract from the Treatise on Navigation by the same Author; Some 
Observations on the Chevalier Behaim, and a Description of his Ter- 
restrial Globe (Paris, 1800). With an historical Introduction by the 
French Editor. In Pinkerton XI, 288-420. 



(36) 



CIRCUMNA V1GA T10NS 37 

1874 The First Voyage round the World by Magellan (1518-1521). Translated 
from the Accounts of Pigafetta and other contemporary writers. Ac- 
companied by original Documents, with Notes and an Introduction, by 
Lord Stanley of Alderlcy. 2 maps and 5 illus. Hak. Soc , ser. I, vol. 52. 

1906 PIGAFETTA, ANTONIO. Magellan's Voyage round the World, by An- 
tonio Pigafetta. The original text of the Ambrosian MS. with Eng- 
lish Translation, Notes and Bibliography, Edited by James Alexander 
Robertson. Portraits and facsimiles of charts and plates. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Cleveland. 

1536 MAXIMILIJANUS TRANSYLVANUS and PIGAFETTA, F. A. II 
Viaggi Fatto da gli Spagniuoli Atorno al Mondo. 4to. Venice. 

The first Italian edition. It was doubtless intended as a continua- 
tion or fourth part of the collection of voyages printed at Venice in 1534. 

The preface of five pages is a noteworthy review of all the latest 
advances in geography. From Maggs, No. 479. 

1588 IGNAC1O, FRIAR. For his voyage round the world see Mendoza, The 
History of the great and mighty Kingdome of China, under FAR 
EAST. 

1598 CAVENDISH, THOMAS. The admirable and prosperous Voyage of 
the Worshipful Master Thomas Candish of Trimley in the Countie of 
Suffolke Esquire, into the South Sea, and from thence round about 
the Circumference of the whole earth, begun in the Yeere of our Lord 
1586, and finished 1588. Written by Master Francis Pretty, lately of 
Ey in Suffolke, a gentleman employed in the same Action. In Hakluyt, 
vol. III. Fol. London. 

This relation was added to an account of Drake's Voyage in an edition of the 
latter of 1741. It is printed in Harris I, 23-31; in Callander I, 424-494; in Beazley 
I. This voyage is mentioned in Linschoten (see under 1598, EAST INDIES). 
There is a Dutch account, Amsterdam, 1598 and 1617. See below. According to 
Callander, the journal of this voyage by Francis Pretty, who was one of Caven- 
dish's companions, was first printed in Latin, Frankfort, and next in English in 
Hakluyt, vol. Ill, whence Callander gives it verbatim. 

Cavendish was the first, and for many years the only, Englishman to follow 
Drake in circumnavigating the globe. His voyage, which ran from 1586 to 1588, 
was, however, comparatively barren in geographical results, being largely a series 
of raids on Spanish colonies and shipping. The mere duplication of the feat was 
no small thing and his account of the disastrous attempt of Sarmiento to found 
a colony in the Straits of Magellan is not without interest. For his unfortunate 
second voyage, which had to turn back at the Straits of Magellan, see in Hakluyt, 
vol. III. 

1617 CAVENDISH, THOMAS. Beschrijvinge vande overtreffelijcke endc 
wydtyermaerde zee-vaerdt vanden Edelen Heer ende Meester Thomas 
Candisch met drie Schepen nytghewarcn end 21 Julij, 1586, ende met 1 
schip wederom ghekeert in Pleymouth, den 9 Sept., 1588. . . . Hier noch 
by ghevoecht die Voyagie van Siere Francoys Draeck, en Siere Ian Hau- 
kens, naar West-India, anno 1595. Fol. Amsterdam. 



38 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1600-08 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The famous Sir Francis Drake's Voyage 
into the South Sea and there hence about the whole Globe of the 
Earth in the years 1577, 1578, 1579, 1580. London. 

This is the version by Francis Pretty, which Hakluyt printed privately for 
some copies of his 1589 edition of the Principal Naisigations. It was reprinted in 
1618. It is not regarded as highly as is the version by Francis Fletcher (see be- 
low). French versions are reported for 1613, 1627, and 1641. See below. 

When Drake broke into the South Seas, he utterly wrecked the complacent 
security with which the Spaniards had regarded the Pacific Ocean as a Mare Nos- 
trum. His exploits, the terror he created among the Spanish colonists, the wealth 
he brought back, and. the favors be received from Queen Elizabeth are all too 
well known to call for detail. 

1613 (In French.) Le Voyage de I'illustre seigneur et chevalier Francois Drake, 
admiral d'angleterrc, a 1'entour du monde. Publiee par F. de Louven- 
court, sieur de Vauchelles. 12mo. Paris. 

A French version with the same title as that above is cited by 
Chavanne for Paris, 1627, and a second edition of this for 1641, with 
an English translation, London, 1761. See below for the 1641 edition. 
This last is referred to by Wagner (The Spanish Southwest}, who says : 
"The translator's, or perhaps merely editor's, name was F. de Louven- 
court, as we find it subscribed to the Dedication to St. Simon Baron de 
Courtomer. He had received the narrative from the Baron, one of 
whose tenants had been among Drake's crew in this voyage, and his 
own labor may not have been a translation, but merely an improvement 
of the French sailor's text. The narrative is certainly not identical with 
the English The World Encompassed, although it goes over the same 
details, yet the navigator is always styled 'nostre General,' just as he 
is 'our general' in the English account." Quoted by Maggs, No. 491. 
"The map, however, is the most curious feature of the book, and is 
extremely rare. It was by a Dutchman, 'Nich Sype/ and exhibits Nova 
Albion, that is, the coast of California, and nearly all the interior of 
North America." Quoted from Wagner by Maggs, No. 479. Possibly 
this work is a translation of Pretty's volume. 

1641 DRAKE, FRANCIS. Le Voyage curieux faict autour du monde par 
Francois Drack, admiral d'Angleterre, traduit en francois par le Sieur 
de Louvencourt. 12mo. Paris. 

1626 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. Sir Francis Drake Revived. Calling upon this 
Dull or Effeminate Age to follow his Noble Steps for Gold and Silver. 
By this Memorable Relation of the Rare Occurrences ... in a third 
Voyage made by him into the West Indies, in the Yeares 72 and 73 
. . . Faithfully taken out of the Report of M. Christopher Ceely, Ellis, 
Hixom, and others ... by Philip Nichols. Reviewed by Sir Francis 
Drake himself. . . . Set forth by Sir Francis Drake, baronet. 4to. 
London. 

2nd edit., London, 1628; again in the collected edition of 1653; with the title 
of "The English Hero; or Sir Francis Drake Revived," 1687, 1695, 1719, 1726, 
173, 1757, 1762. Some of these together with some other accounts are noted below. 

The version of the voyage of 1577-1580 was published by the nephew of the 
navigator and, according to Lowndes, is the best and earliest. It contains the in- 
tended dedication of Sir Francis Drake to Elizabeth, which is not found in the 
subsequent edition of 1653. It also has the dedication to Charles I not printed in 
that of 1653. It was stated by Callander that the original journal of this voyage 
was written in English by a native of Picardy, published at London in 1600 (per- 
haps the one listed under Francis Pretty's name). But in 1599 De Bry had pub- 



CIRCUMNA VIGA TIONS 39 

lished an account in Latin at Frankfort. The original journal was translated into 
French, and published at Paris in 1627. A Portuguese pilot, Nuno da Silva, who 
was taken prisoner by Drake at the Isles of Cape Verd, wrote an account, which 
was included in Hakluyt. Hakluyt also inserted in his collection the journal of 
Cliffe, who was aboard the ship of Captain Winter, which became separated from 
the squadron after it passed the Straits of Magellan. It is also to be found in the 
Latin collection of Barlacus, John de Late's America, lib. xiii, cap. 5; in Sir Wil- 
liam Monson's collection of Naval Tracts; in Argensola's Discovery and Conquest 
of the Moluccas, and in the piece called Drake Redevivus. See also Purchas His 
Pilgrimes, I, lib. 2, cap. 3, and IV, lib. vi., cap. 5. There is an account in Harris 
I, 16-22, and in Callander I, 283-362, besides other write-ups of a more or less 
floating nature, which are noted below. For scholarly work on the subject one 
needs to consult the volumes put out by the Hakluyt Society, 1855 and 1914, the 
edition of the Argonaut Press, 1926, and the monumental edition of Henry R. 
Wagner, 1926. A companion work to Sir Francis Drake Revived is The World 
Encompassed, of 1628 and later. See below. 

1652 (?) DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The Voyages and Travels of that Re- 

nowned Captain, Sir Francis Drake, into the West Indies, and Round 
about the World : Giving a perfect Relation of his strange Adventures, 
and many wonderful Discoveries, his Fight with the Spaniard, and 
many barbarous Nations ; his taking St. Jago, St. Domingo, Carthagena, 
St. Augusta, and many other Places in the Golden Country of America, 
and other Parts of the World ; His Description of Monsters, and Mon- 
strous People. With many other remarkable Passages not before Ex- 
tant: Contained in the History of His Life and Death; both pleasant 
and profitable for the Reader. Woodcut. London. 

This work is listed without date but is put under 1652 by John Car- 
ter Brown. 

1653 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. Sir Francis Drake Revived. Who is or may 

be a Patterne to stirre up all Heroicke and active Spirits of these 
Times to benefit their Countrey and eternize their Names by like Noble 
Attempts. Being a Summary and true Relation of foure severall Voy- 
ages made by the said Sir Francis Drake to the West Indies, . . 4to. 
London. 

This is the collected edition. See under COLLECTIONS. 

1671 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The Life and Death of the valiant and re- 
nowned Sir Francis Drake; his Voyages and discoveries in the West 
Indies and about the World with his noble and valiant Action. By 
Samuel Clarke, late Minister of Bcnnet, Finck, London. 12mo. London. 

1683 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The Voyages of the ever renowned Sir Francis 
Drake to the West Indies, viz., his Great Adventures for Gold and Sil- 
ver, the surprising of Nombre de Dios, his encompassing the World, 
and taking the Towns of St. Jago, S. Domingo, Carthagena. His last 
Voyage, in which he died. To which is added, His Exploits in the 
Spanish Invasion. 8vo. London. 

1687 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The English Hero: or, Sir Francis Drake 
Reviv'd. Being a full Account of the dangerous Voyages, Admirable 
Adventures, Notable Discoveries and Magnanimous atchievements of 
that Valiant and Renowned Commander. Engraved portrait. 12 mo. 
London. 

This work is by Richard Burton (Robert in Sabin). It was fre- 
quently reprinted, to as late at least as 1762. 

1708 The Life and Glorious Reign of Queen Elizabeth. Likewise An Account of 
Sir Francis Drake's Voyage round the World. Also An Account of 
the Destruction of the great Fleet, call'd the Spanish Armada. . . (16 
pp. ) 8vo. London. 



40 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1741 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The famous Voyage of Sir Francis Drake, 
with a particular Account of his Expedition in the West Indies against 
the Spaniards, being the first Commander that sailed round the Globe; 
to which is added, The Prosperous Voyage of Thomas Candish round 
the World. 8vo. London. 

1766-68 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. Voyage to Magellanica and Polynesia. Ab- 
stracts from several accounts, in Callander I, 283-362. London. 

1628 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The World Encompassed by Sir Francis 
Drake. Being His next Voyage to that to Nombre de Dios ; Carefully 
collected out of the Notes of Master Francis Fletcher, Preacher in 
this imployment, and divers others his followers in the same . . . 
4to. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1735; included in Sir Francis Drake Revived, of 1653; re- 
printed in Osborne II, 434-478; Hakluyt Society, 1855; Argonaut Press, London. 
1926; see also Hakluyt Society, New Light on Drake, 1914, and Wagner's Drake's 
Voyage round the World, San Francisco, 1926, cited below. 

This work was based on the notes of Francis Fletcher, chaplain to Drake, 
who, according to Waldman, has given an authoritative presentation oi a great 
adventure. 

1745 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The World Encompassed by Sir Francis 
Drake. Offered now at last to publick View, both for the Honour of 
the Actor, but especially for the stirring up of heroick Spirits, to ben- 
efit their Country, and eternize their Names by Like Noble Attempts. 
Collected out of the Notes of Mr. Francis Fletcher, Preacher in this 
Employment, and compared with divers others Notes that went in the 
same Voyage. In Osborne II, 434-478. 

1855 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. The World Encompassed by Sir Francis Drake, 
Being his next Voyage to that of Nombre de Dios (by Sir Francis 
Drake the Younger). Collated with an unpublished Manuscript of 
Francis Fletcher, Chaplain to the Expedition. With Appendices illus- 
trative of the same Voyage and Introduction, by William Sandys Wright 
Vaux, F. R. S., Keeper of Coins, Brit. Mus. Map. Hak. Soc., ser. 
I, vol. 16. London. 

1914 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS. New Light on Drake. Spanish and Portuguese 
Documents relating to the Circumnavigation Voyage. Discovered, 
translated, and annotated by Mrs. Zelia Nuttall 3 maps and 14 illus. 
Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 34. London. 

1926 DRAKE, SIR FRANCIS, The World Encompassed and Analogous Con- 
temporary Documents concerning Sir Francis Drake's Circumnaviga- 
tion of the World, with an Appreciation of the Achievement by Sir 
Richard Carnac Temple, edited by N. M. Penzer. Maps and illus. 4to. 
Argonaut Press. London. 

WAGNER, HENRY R. Sir Francis Drake's Voyage round the World: 
Its Aims and Achievements. 73 portraits, facsimiles of maps, and 
other illus. 4to. San Francisco. 

The main object of this work is to bring together in one book the 
principal narratives and documents bearing on the expedition, and with 
the aid of these, to rewrite the account of the voyage. Particular atten- 
tion has been paid to the identification of such places as he visited. An 
extended examination has been made of some recent theories about the 
object of the voyage, and it is believed that a correct solution has been 
found to this much discussed problem. . . It has seemed advisable for 
readier reference to reproduce the English contemporary accounts of the 
voyage and such of those of Spanish origin as contain anything of real 
value. An analysis of the cartographical documents illustrating the 
course of the voyage is included. From Bookseller's Notes. 



C1RCUMNA VIGATIONS 41 

1619 SCHOUTEN, WILLIAM CORNELISON. The Relation of a Won- 
derfull Voiage made by William Cornelison Schovten of Home. Shew- 
ing how South from the Streights of Magellan in Terra Del-f uego : he 
found and discouered a newe passage through the great South Sea, 
and that way sayled round the World. Describing what Islands, Coun- 
tries, People, and strange Aduentures he found in his saide Passage. 
(Translated from the Dutch by William Philip.) 8 maps and plates. 
4to. London. 

The maps and plates have French legends, with page numbering taken from 
the Paris issue by Gobert. The Dutch original appeared at Amsterdam, 1618. It 
was translated into Latin by De Bry, Frankfort, 1619. It also appeared in Pur- 
chas II, 1625. A second narrative of the voyage was published in French at Am- 
sterdam, 1622. Other relations were printed, the most noteworthy being "Navi- 
gation Australe par Jacques le Mair et par Corn. Schouten," said to have been 
compiled from the Journal of Adrian Claesz, and published in the Recueil dcs 
Voyages a Etablissemcnt de la Compagnie des Indes Orientates, (1702). There 
is also a Latin edition, Amsterdam, 1619. The account was reprinted in abstract 
in Harris I, 51-63; and that of Claesz in abstract in Callander II, 217-269; in 
Dalrymple II, 1-64; in Moore I, 49-53. See also Burney's Chronological Historical 
Discoveries II, 360. 

This was one of the most remarkable voyages ever undertaken and contributed 
much to the science of cartography, while the numerous versions in other languages 
attest its popularity, indicating how much the new passage into the South Seas 
was appreciated. The voyage was designed to open up the way for trading expedi- 
tions into those lands thought to lie south of those monopolised by the Dutch East 
India Company, which had been granted exclusive rights to the region east of the 
Cape of Good Hope and west of the Straits of Magellan. Merchants and other 
interested persons, of the town of Hoorn, fitted out the expedition under the plan- 
ning of Isaac Le Maire, whose son Jacob sailed in command of one of the ships. 
William Cornelius Schouten, who had made several trips to the East Indies, was 
cpmmander-in-chief. The Straits of Le Maire, which were traversed for the first 
time, received its name from the patron of the expedition, and Cape Horn its name 
from the town of Hoorn. The discovery of this passage through the Straits of Le 
Maire and around Cape Horn, though entered in the log, were branded as infamous 
forgery by the Dutch officials at Tcrnate, and the ship's goods and the ship itself 
confiscated. Le Maire died at Mauritius on the way home. Later his rights and 
those of his companions to their discovery were recognized and the East India 
Company was ordered to return the confiscated vessel and its cargoes to its own- 
ers, and to pay all costs and interest from the day of the illegal seizure. See the 
Introduction to Hakluyt Society edition of Speilbergen, The East and West Indian 
Afirrour, under date 1906 below. Schouten sailed from the Texel June 24, 1615, 
and returned home July 1, 1617. 

1618 SCHOUTEN, WILLIAM CORNELISON. Jounal ofte Beschryvinghe 
van de wonderlike rcysc, Rhedaen door Willem Corneliez Schouten van 
Hoorn, hide Jaren 1615, 1616, en 1617. Hoe hy Bezuyden de Strate van 
Magellancs een nieuwe Passagie tot inde groote Zuyz Zee ondeckt, en 
voort den gheheelen Aerdkloot omgheseylt, heeft. Wat Eylanden, 
vreemdc volvken en wonderlicke avontueren hem ontmoet zijn. 4to. 
Amsterdam. 

1622 HERRERA, ANTONIO DE. Novvs Orbis, sive Descriptio Indiae Occi- 
dentalis . . . metaphraste C. Barlaco, Accesserunt . . . aliorum Indiae 
Occidentals Descriptiones & Navigations omnium per Fretum Magel- 
lanicum succincta narratio. With Mexican figures and maps of Amer- 
ica, etc. Amsterdam. 

This volume is highly valuable as containing the first edition of the 
genuine Voyage of Le Maire (also issued in Latin and Dutch the same 
year) as distinguished from that which had been, through the Dutch 
East India Company's jealousy of Le Maire, published by Blaeu under 
the name of Cornelius Schouten, the Commander of one of Le Maire's 
vessels. Quoted by Robinson, No. 20. 



42 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1690 CROW, FRANCIS. A Voyage round the World, or, A Pocket Library 
divided into several volumes, in such a method never made by any 
Traveller before; the work intermix'd with Essays historical, Moral 
and Divine ; and other kinds of Learning. London. 

The author, a non-conformist divine, lived a while in Jamaica. This work is 
probably not his own voyage but a compilation. 

1697 DAMPIKR, WILLIAM. A New Voyage round the World, describing 
particularly the Isthmus of America, several Coasts and Islands in the 
West Indies, the Isles of Cape Verde, the Passage by Terra del Fuego, 
the South Sea Coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico, the Isle Guam, one 
of the Ladrones, Mindanao, and the Philippine and East India Islands, 
near Cambodia, China, Formosa, Laconia, Celebes, . . ; New Holland, 
Sumatra, Nicobar Isles; the Cape of Good Hope and Santa Helena. 
Their Soil, Rivers, Harbours, Plants, Fruits, Animals, and Inhabitants; 
their Customs, Religion, Government, Trade, . . . Maps and plates. 
8vo. London. 

This is called vol. I. The other two follow immediately. 

1699 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. Captain Dampier's Voyages and Descriptions. 
Vol. II in Three Parts. I. A Supplement of a Voyage round the 
World, describing the Countries of Tonquin, Achin, the Malacca, . . . 
their Products, Inhabitants, Manners, Trade, Policy, ... 2. Two Voy- 
ages to Campeachy; with a Description of the Coasts, Products and 
Inhabitants; Logwood-Cutting, Trade, ... Of Yucatan, Campeachy, 
New Spain, ... 3. A Discourse of Trade-Winds, Breezes, Storms, 
Tides, and Currents, of the Torrid Zone throughout the World; with 
an Account of Natal in Africa, its Product, Negroes, ... To which is 
added, An Index to both Volumes. Maps. 8vo. London. 

1703 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. A Voyage to New Holland, . . in 1699, wherein 
is described the Canary Islands, the Isles of Mayo and St. Jago, the 
Bay of All Saints, with the Forts and Town of Bahia in Brasil, Cape 
Salvadore, . . their Inhabitants, Manners, Customs, Trade, Soil and 
Natural History. Maps and Plates. 8vo. London. 

This makes up vol. III. 

1709 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. A Continuation of a Voyage to New Holland, 
. . in the Year 1699; wherein are described the Islands of Timor, Rotes, 
and Anabao. A Passage between the Islands Timor and Anabao ; Co- 
pang and Lephao Bays. The Islands Omba, Fetter, Bande and Bird. 
A Description of the Coast of New Guinea. The Islands Pulo Sabuda, 



C1RCUMNA yiGATIONS 43 

Cockle, King William, Providence, Garret, Dennu, Ant, Laves, and 
St. John's; also a New Passage between New Guinea and Nova Brit- 
ania. The Islands Ceram Bonao, Bouro, and several Islands before 
unknown. The Coast of Java and Streights of Sunda. Author's Ar- 
rival at Batavia. The Cape of Good Hope, St. Helena, Ascention, . . 
Their Inhabitants, Customs, Trade, . . Harbours, Soil, Birds, Fish, . . 
Trees, Plants, Fruits, . . Also Rivers, Birds, Fishes, . . not found in 
this part of the World. Maps, draughts, plates. 8vo. London. 

This makes up Part II of vol. III. The chronology of the various issues of 
these separate volumes is not easy to keep straight. For bibliographical informa- 
tion concerning Dampier's works, see Sabin, Bibliothcca Americana, V, 188-195. 
Vol. I had the following issues: 2nd edit., 1697; 3rd, 1698; 4th, 1699; 5th, 1703. 
Vol. II, 2nd edit., 1700; 3rd, 1705. Vol. Ill, part 1, 2nd edit., 1709. The three 
volumes came out together in 12mo, London, 1717. They were published in 4 vols., 
London, 1729, with the addition of the Voyages by Wafer, Sharp, Funnell, etc., 
but over Dampier's protests. See Darnpicr, 1729, under COLLECTIONS. His 
first voyage was reprinted in Harris I, 84-130, and again, London, 1776. A 
number of modern reprints testify to the interest of the present day in the per- 
formances of this indefatigable navigator, as well as the numerous translations into 
various European languages. For some of these see below. Of the several trans- 
lations into French the following may be noted: Vol. I, Amsterdam, 1698; vols. 
I and II, Amsterdam, 1701; the three volumes, Amsterdam, 1701-05; the same, 
with the inclusion of those of Wafer, Wood, Cowlcy, Roberts, and Sharp, in 5 
vols., 1711-12. And into Dutch, with that of Woodes Rogers, Amsterdam, 1715. 

Of the famous group of buccaneers that tormented the Spaniards in the "South 
Sea" from 1680 to 1720, Dampicr was the best known and probably the most in- 
telligent. His industry in taking careful notes of everything he saw was equalled 
by his assiduous pains in preserving them from destruction. His first voyage in 
the Cygnet started from Virginia, August 23, 1683, and ended Sept. 16, 1691, when 
he reached England. It was on this voyage that the first English landing was made 
on Australian shores, at the entrance of King Sound. His published report, which 
was anything but favorable, stirred Lord Or ford and Lord Pembroke, of the Ad- 
miralty, to consider the possible advantages of a settlement in Australia. His next 
voyage in 1698 makes the second expedition of the English to Australia. From 
Maggs, No. 491. Concerning the problem of Australia's being a continent, Dam- 
pier says that "It is not yet determined whether it is an Island or a Main Con- 
tinent; but I am certain that it joyns neither to Asia, Africa, nor America." It 
is evident that on his first visit he knew nothing of what Tasman had discovered ; 
but on his second expedition he used one of Tasman's charts. He furnished ac- 
curate information on the various islands in the Pacific, but he really added little 
to geographical discovery. Nevertheless his books are very readable. His remain- 
ing voyages were rather of the nature of buccaneering adventures. 

1776 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Wil- 
liam Dampier. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

This edition contains only the three volumes written by Dampier 
himself and is without maps and plates. In the Preface the editor 
says : "The first edition of Dampier's voyages was published by himself, 
but not in the same order they were performed, which has a little per- 
plexed the narrative; the language has now become partly obsolete, 
which renders the perusal more difficult to common readers; and the 
edition is now also extremely scarce. To remedy these inconveniences, 
the chronological order wherein the series of events happened is ob- 
served in this Edition ; all old phrases and expressions are modernized ; 
(names of things are also changed in keeping with modern usage)." 
Quoted by Puttock & Simpson. 

1906 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. Voyages : consisting of a New Voyage round 
the World, Two Voyages to Campeachy, Discourse of Winds, a Voyage 
to New Holland, and a Vindication in Answer to the Chimerical Rela- 
tion of William Funnell. Edited by John Masefield. Portrait, 5 maps, 
and 18 illus. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



44 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1927 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. A New Voyage Round the World. With an 
Introduction by Sir Albert Gray. Portrait, 2 facsimiles, and 4 maps. 
4to. Argonaut Press. London. 

1931 DAMPIER, WILLIAM. Voyages and Discoveries; with an Introduction 
by Blennell Wilkinson, and a Note on the Discourse of Winds by A. C. 
Bell. Folding maps. 4to. Argonaut Press. London. 

This is the second volume of Dampier's Voyages and includes his 
Voyage to Tonquin ; his voyages to Campeachy, in which he describes 
in detail his early adventures among the logwood cutters and buccan- 
eers of the West Indies. 

1698 (In French.) Nouveau voyage autour du monde ou Ton decrit en particu- 
lier I'isthme de I'Amerique, plusieurs cotes et isles des Indes Occiden- 
tales, . . 1'isle de Guam, Mindanao, et des autres Philippines. . . Enrichi 
de cartes et de figures, et traduit de 1'Anglois. 2 vols. in 1. 16mo. 
Amsterdam. 

1701 (In French.) Nouveau Voyage autour du Monde; Suite du Voyage au- 
tour du Monde, avec Traite des Vents ; Supplement du Voyage autour 
du Monde. Maps and plates. 3 vols. 8vo. Amsterdam. 

1715 (In Dutch.) Nieuwe Reize naa de Zuidzee van daar naa Cost Indk-n en 
verder rondom de Waercld begonnon in 1708 en goeyndigd in 1711. 
Folding maps 4to. Amsterdam. 

1699 COWLEY, AMBROSE. Voyage round the Globe in 1683. In Hacke's 
Collection. See under COLLECTIONS this date. 

Reprinted in Harris I, 77-84. Given in abstract in Callander II, 528-556. 

Cowley did his own publishing without the aid of any assistant. Its deficien- 
cies are therefore excusable. But it has the merit of honesty and freedom ; it 
openly avows his intentions of taking the ships of any nation he can master. His 
account of the Galapagos are considered to be very accurate, and his remarks 
on the designs of the Dutch at this period were pertinent to the situation at the 
time. He sailed from Virginia, August 23, 1683, and returned home October 12, 
1686. He was one of the buccaneers, who with John Cooke did mobt damage to 
the Spaniards in the West Indies. After plundering the west coast of South 
America, they sailed back by way of the East Indies. From Batavia they went 
home in a Dutch ship. Strange to say, they were hospitably entertained by the 
Spaniards at Guam. 

1707 FUNNELL, WILLIAM. A Voyage round the World: Containing an 
Account of Captain Dampier's Expedition into the South Seas, in the 
Ship St. George, in the Years 1703 and 1704. With his various Ad- 
ventures, Engagements, . . and a particular and exact Description of 
several Islands in the Atlantick Ocean, the Brazilian Coasts, the Pas- 
sage round Cape Horn, and the Coast of Chili, Peru, and Mexico. 
Together with the Author's Voyage from Anapalla on the West Coast 
of Mexico, to the East India. His passing by Three unknown Islands ; 
and through a new discovered Streight, near the Coast of New Guinea. 
His Arrival at Amboyna ; with a large Description of that and other 
Spice Islands ; also of Batavia, the Cape of Good Hope, . . Their Rivers, 



CIRCUMNA VIGA TIONS 45 

Harbours, Plants, Animals, Inhabitants, . . with clivers Maps, Draughts, 
Figures of Plants and Animals. 8vo. London. 

This work is generally taken as the fourth volume of Dampier's Collection, 
although there is no indication of its having been so intended at the time of pub- 
lication Puttock Simpson. Reprinted in Harris I, Ul-150, and in Callander 
1I1 V 145-227. 

Funnell sailed as mate to Captain Dampier, and it was he, not Dampier, who 
really circumnavigated the globe on this voyage, as Dampier proceeded only as 
far as the South Seas. The purpose of the expedition was to harass the Spaniards 
and take plunder from vessels and towns of South America. Its failure was due 
to differences that arose between them. "Funnell arrived in England before Dam- 
pier and seized the 'opportunity to compose a relation of his voyage, a task for 
which he was ill-qualified, and which he performed with disadvantage to the public. 
His narrative contained much that was disapproved by Dampier, who immediately 
after published a 'Vindication of his Voyage* (see Dampier under date 1709, 
above), pointing out the misrepresentations of Funnell. This brought out 'An 
Answer' from John Welbe, a midshipman on board Dampier's ship, in which he 
charged the Captain with barbarous treatment of his crew." Quoted by Maggs, 
No. 491. 

1712 COOKE, EDWARD. A Voyage to the South Sea and Round the World, 
Perform'd in the Years 1708, 1709, 1710, and 1711. ... Wherein an 
Account is given of Mr. Alexander Selkirk, his Manner of living and 
taming wild Beasts during the four Years and four Months he liv'd 
upon the uninhabited Island of Juan Fernandes. Cuts and maps. 
London. 

The actual first edition of Cooke's Voyage was this one volume edition. . . 
Apparently there was considerable rivalry between the publishers of Cooke's ac- 
count of this voyage and the publishers of Woodes Rogers' account to be the first 
to get their edition on the market. Cooke's work came out first, but only in this 
single volume, the latter part of the voyage being related in a few compressed 
pages at the end. The publishers almost immediately reprinted the work and ex- 
tended it to two volumes, the latter part of the voyage (after leaving California) 
occupying the whole of Vol. II. From Maggs, Nos. 491 and 549. The introduc- 
tion to vol. II gives further information regarding Alexander Selkirk. Cooke 
was second captain on board the Dutches* on the privateering expedition of Woodes 
Rogers. His journal and charts are said to be inferior to those published by 
Rogers. Maggs, No. 491. See below for the two volume edition. 

1712 COOKE, EDWARD. A Voyage to the South Sea and Round the World, 
1708-1711. Containing (vol. I) a Journal of memorable Transactions 
during the said Voyage ; the Winds, Currents, and Variation of the Com- 
pass, the Taking of the Towns of Puna and Guayaquil, and several 
Prizes, one of which a rich Acapulco Ship, A Description of the Amer- 
ican Coasts, from Tierra del Fuego to California. . . An Historical Ac- 
count of all those Countries from the best Authors. With a new Map 
and Description of the mighty River of the Amazons. Wherein an Ac- 
count is given of Mr. Alexander Selkirk, his Manner of Living and 
taming Wild Beasts during the four Years and four Months he liv'd 
upon the uninhabited Island of Juan Fernandez; and (vol. II) a Con- 
tinuation of the Voyage from California, through India, North about 
into England. The Description of all the American Coasts along the 
South Sea, . . with a Table of Latitudes and Longitudes, and an In- 
troduction, wherein, besides other material Particulars, is an Account 
of the Cargo of the Acapulco Prize. 20 copperplates of natural history, 
views, etc., 5 folding maps, and 3 folding tables. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



46 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1712 ROGERvS, WOODES. A Cruising Voyage Round the World: First to 
the South-Seas, thence to the East Indies, and homewards by the Cape 
of Good Hope. Begun in 1708 and finished in 1711. Containing a 
Journal of all the Remarkable Transactions; particularly, Of the Tak- 
ing of Puna and Guayaquil, of the Acapulco ship, and other Prizes; 
An Account of Alexander Selkirk's Living alone four Years and four 
Months in an Island; and a brief Description of several Countries in 
our Course noted for Trade, especially in the South Sea. . . And an In- 
troduction relating to the South-Sea Trade. Maps of all the Coast 
from the best Spanish Manuscript Draughts. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., corrected, 8vo, London, 1718. Another edition, London, 1722; again 
London, 1726. In Harris I, 150-184; in Callander III, 231-379. A modern edition, 
with a different title, London, 1889 and 1894; again in the Seafarers' Library, 
London, 1928. Translated into French, Amsterdam, 1716. See below. 

This book has been called a "buccaneering classic." It is a work of great 
interest and possesses a quaint humor that renders it delightful reading. In many 
respects the voyage was a notable one, but in none more than this, that with a 
mongrel crew, and with officers often mutinous, good order and discipline were 
maintained throughout. The original edition is extremely rare. D. N. B. It has 
interest for students of literature in that from Rogers' and Cooke's accounts of 
Selkirk, Defoe found material for his Robinson Crusoe, who in the person of 
Selkirk had been left on the Island of Juan Fernandez by Captain Stradling some 
four years before. It is interesting to note that the Island of Guam, which treated 
Captain Cowley so handsomely, did likewise with Rogers. Although a Spanish 
colony, it was sufficiently distant from Asia and America to consider itself neutral 
in the disputes affecting other parts of the Spanish Empire. Rogers was one of 
the few fortunate adventurers to make a prize haul of the plate ship which sailed 
annually from Manila to Acapulco, Mexico. 

1894 ROGERS, WOODES. Life Aboard a British Privateer in the Time of 
Queen Anne: being the Journal of Captain Woodes Rogers, with 
Notes. Illustrations and maps by Robert C. Leslie. 4to. London. 

1928 ROGERS, WOODES. A Cruising Voyage Round the World. Edited by 
G. E. Manwaring, F. R. Hist. Soc. With Introduction and Notes. 8 
plates. 8vo. Seafarers's Library. London. 

1716 (In French.) Voyage autour du Monde, commence en 1708 et fini en 1711, 
Ou Ton a joint quelque pieces curicuses touchant la Riviere des Ama- 
zones et la Guiane. 7 folding maps, a very large one of South Amer- 
ica, and 16 engraved plates. 3 vols. 12mo. Amsterdam. 

The 3rd volume contains as additional matter (not in the English 
original) Acuna's Account of the Amazon, translated by Gomberville. 
Maggs, No. 546. 

1725 DEFOE, DANIEL. A New Voyage round the World by a Course 
never Sailed before : being a voyage undertaken by some Merchants, 
who afterwards proposed the setting up of an East-India Company in 
Flanders. Plates. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1787. See below. 

This rare book is doubtless one of Defoe's clever deceits, as much so as his 
Captain Singleton, and is probably based on Dampier. 

1787 DEFOE, DANIEL. A Voyage Round the World, by a Course never sailed 
before, to which is prefixed the Life of the Author, by William 
Shields. 3 vols. 12mo. London. 



C1RCUMNA V1GATIONS 47 

1726 SHELVOCKE, GEORGE. A Voyage round the World by the way of 
the great South Sea, Performed in the Years 1719, 20, 21, 22, in the 
Speedwell, of London, of 24 Guns and 100 Men (under His Majesty's 
Commission to cruize on the Spaniards in the late War with the Span- 
ish Crown) till she was cast away on the Island of Juan Fernandez, 
in May, 1720; and afterwards continued in the Recovery, the Jesus 
Maria and Sacra Familia, . . . Folding map of the world and engraved 
plates. 8vo. London. 

Republishcd by Shelvocke's son, George, somewhat purged and refined, Lon- 
don, 1757. Reprinted in Harris I, 198-240; with a supplement from Betagh's ac- 
count in Callander III, 502-583. A modern edition, London, 1928. Translated into 
German, Bremen, 1787. See below. See also for the general circumstances of this 
voyage Clipperton under date 1766-69 below. 

Shelvocke sailed under a privateer's commission, but his activities were more 
those of a pirate ; he was afterwards charged with piracy but got off on technical 
grounds and fled the country. Gosse. His account is an apology for his conduct 
in consequence of a lawsuit started against him by the proprietors. The issue of 
this voyage gave the public a bad idea of all expeditions to the South Sea. Against 
the ill success of this voyage may be set the good fortune of Rogers' expedition. 
'Two histories were published of this voyage. . . The other was written by one of 
his officers, William Betagh (see below under 1728), who was roughly treated in 
Shelvocke's narrative, and who wrote his account with the design of exposing Shel- 
vocke. Both narratives were written with plenty of spirit." Quoted by Maggs, 
No. 502. The connection of this Voyage with Coleridge's "Ancient Mariner" is 
well known. On getting round Cape Horn, Shelvocke caused an albatross to be 
shot. Wordsworth, who had been reading Shelvocke, suggested to Coleridge to 
use this incident with expiatory consequences. It has also been pointed out that in 
this work is the first printed intimation of gold in California. 

1757 SHELVOCKE, GEORGE. A Voyage round the world by Way of the 
Great South Sea: Performed in a Private Expedition during the War, 
which broke out with Spain in the year 1718. . . Maps and 4 plates. 
8vo. London. 

1787 (In German.) Rrise um die Welt. 8vo. Bremen. 

1728 BETAGH, WILLIAM. Voyage round the World: Being an Account 
of a remarkable Enterprize begun in 1719, chiefly to cruise on the 
Spaniards in the Great South Ocean. Relating the True historical 
Facts of the whole Affair; Testifyed by many imployed therein; and 
confirmed by Authorities from the Owners. Folding map of the world 
in planisphere. 8vo. London. 

The author was captain of the marines in Shelvocke's voyage. His book is an 
attack on Captain Shelvocke, "written chiefly to undeceive mankind in the spurious 
account of a voyage round the world published by Captain George Shelvocke, 
which account is not only injurious to me, but is intirely the most absurd and false 
narrative that was ever deliver'd to the publick."- Quoted by Sotheran. Betagh 
tells his own story very differently and his lively manner gives to his narrative 
much beauty and spirit. This was about the last of the buccaneering expeditions. 
Maggs, No. 429. 



48 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1732 CARERI, JOHN FRANCESCO GEMELLI. A Voyage Round the 
World : of Turkey, Persia, India, China, Philippine Islands, and New 
Spain, translated from the Italian. Maps and plates. In Churchill 
IV, 1-572. London. 

In Pinkerton XVII there is listed an Italian edition in 7 vols., 8vo, Naples, 
1699, under the title Giro del Mundo. Another Italian edition, 9 vols., Venice, 
1719. See below. 

This author's account of his travels is very voluminous. He started out on 
his journies June 13, 1693. 

1719 CARERI, GIOVANNI FRANCESCO GEMELLI. Giro del Mondo. 
Nuova edizione accresciuta, ricorretta, e divisa in novo volumi. Con 
un indice de' viaggiatori, e loro opere. 9 vols. 16mo. Venice. 

1744 ANSON, GEORGE (Commodore). An Authentic Journal of the last 

Expedition under the Command of Commodore Anson. Containing a 
Regular and Exact Account of the whole Proceedings and several 
Transactions thereof : particularly at Madeira, St. Catherine's, St. Jul- 
ian's, St. Juan Fernandez ; their Manner of Living there upon Sea- 
Lions, Sea-Dogs, . . . their taking the rich Spanish Galleon, . . . their go- 
ing to Canton in China, . . To which is added, A Narrative of the ex- 
traordinary Hardships suffered by the Adventurers in this Voyage. 
London. 

Reprinted, 8vo, London, 1767. 

This rare account of Anson's voyage was done by John Philips, a midshipman 
on the Centurion It antedates the official account by four years. 

ANSON, GEORGE. An Authentic Account of Commodore Anson's 
Expedition : containing all that was remarkable, curious and entertain- 
ing, during that long and dangerous Voyage. . . Taken from a Private 
Journal. London. 

Another edition, Dublin, 1745. Another surreptitious work. 

ANSON, GEORGE. A Voyage to the South Seas, and to many other 
Parts of the World, 1740-44, by Commodore Ansori in his Majesty's 
Ship the Centurion. . . The Second Part of a Voyage to the South- 
Seas. . . By an Officer of the Fleet. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

The Second Part is undated. This is a curious and very rare chap-book edi- 
tion, with crude woodcut portraits and other woodcuts. Bookseller's Note. 

1745 ANSON, GEORGE (Commodore). A True and Impartial Journal of 

a Voyage to the South Seas, and round the Globe, in His Majesty's 
Ship the Centurion, under the Command of Commodore George Anson. 
By Pascoe Thomas, Teacher of the Mathematics on board the Cen- 
turion. Together with some historical Accounts of Chili, Peru, Mexico, 



C1RCVMNA VIGATIONS 49 

and the Empire of China, . . and lastly, several curious Observations 
on a Comet seen in the South-Seas on the Coast of Mexico. 8vo. 
London. 

The abstracts and extracts in Harris I, 337-368, and Astley must be derived 
from some of the above acounts, since these Collections antedate the official vol- 
ume Of 1748. 

1748 AN SON, GEORGE (Commodore). A Voyage Round the World in the 
Years 1740, 1, 2, 3, 4; compiled from Papers and other Materials of 
the Right Honourable George Lord Anson, and published under his 
Direction by Richard Walter, M.A., Chaplain of His Majesty's Ship 
the Centurion in that Expedition. 42 plates. 4to. London. 

Of this important work there were many subsequent editions and translations. 
Four came out the same year as the original, and by 1781 there were 16. Dublin, 
as usual, was not far behind with editions, which were probably for the most part 
pirated ones. Of the two first issues published in 1748, one was for the author 
himself, which is the genuine first, and the other, often called the first, was for 
the publishers. The first French translation appeared in Amsterdam and Leipzig, 
1749; a Dutch translation at Amsterdam, 1749; a German, Leipzig and Gottingen, 
1749; an Italian, Livorno, 1756. Modern reprints are the ones in Everyman's Li- 
brary, with an Introduction by John Mascfield, London, 1911, and another, London, 
1928. Some of the later editions are listed by title below. 

The account by Chaplain Walter, which is written in an admirable style, is 
the official one. This work was sometimes attributed to Benjamin Robins, F. R. S., 
author of Mathematical Tracts, London, 1761, but there appears to be no decisive 
evidence for Robins' claims. For the question see James Wilson, Preface to the 
Mathematical Tracts; Nichols, Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century II, 
206; and the Biographia Britannica, under Anson, and the Corrigenda and Ad- 
denda to that article in vol. IV of that work. Edinb. Cab. For a list of the 
original writers on the subject of this voyage, see Gent Mag., 1780, vol. L, 322. 
It was noticed in the Journal dcs Scavans, 1750, I, 76; II, 158. 

This famous and unfortunate expedition, consisting at the start of eight ships, 
was sent under the command of George Anson at the beginning of the war with 
Spain, to harass the Spaniards on the western coast of South America. Seven 
ships were lost around Cape Horn and on the coast of Chili and out of 900 men 
who left England on board more than 600 perished. As usual scurvy took an ap- 
palling toll. The primary object of the expedition was not attained, but by the 
capture of the Manila Galleon near China, Anson and the surviving members of 

his crew reached England much the richer. As with many a ship before and 
after, the island of Juan Fernandez proved a blessing in restoring scurvy-stricken 
men to health. Among the ships wrecked was the Wager, whose story is told by 
Lieutenant Byron and Btilkeley and Cummins (see under dates 1743 and 1768, 
SOUTH AMERICA). Walter's account of the voyage is a model of what such 
literature should be. The mournful beauty of the passage describing their approach 
to Cape Horn compares well with that of Masefield's in his poem Dauber. Anson 
left St. Helens Sept. 9, 1740, and got back June 15, 1744. 

1751 ANSON, GEORGE. An affecting Narrative of the Unfortunate Voyage 

and Catastrophe of His Majesty's Ship Wager, one of Commodore An- 
son's Squadron in the South Sea Expedition. Containing a full account 
of its being cast away on a desolate Island, . . Compiled from Authen- 
tic Journals . . . from an Eye- Witness. London. 

For the loss of the Wager and the divided action of the crew see 
the accounts by Bulkeley and Lieut. Byron, under dates 1743 and 1768 
respectively, SOUTH AMERICA. 

1752 COYER, GABRIEL FRANCOIS (Abbe). A Supplement to Lord An- 

son's Voyage round the World. Containing a discovery and descrip- 



50 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAl'EL LITERATURE 

tion of the Island of Frivola. By the Abbe Coyer. To which is pre- 
fixed an introductory Preface by the Translator. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1752; Dublin, 1752. 

This is a very clever skit on Alison's famous voyage, written as a 
satirical romance on the French nation. "A burlesque publication, . . . 
it lias met with universal applause, not only in France, but in almost 
every country upon the Continent where it has followed the book upon 

which it is founded." Quoted by Maggs, No. 502. 

1766-68 ANSON, GEORGE. Voyage round the World. Extract in Callander 
III, 644-654. London. 

As a supplement to this voyage is given a letter from Captain Mur- 
ray, Commander of H. M. S. Pearl, which got separated from Anson 
during the voyage. 

1785 ANSON, GEORGE. Voyage Round the World, 1740-44, compiled from 
his Papers and Materials By Richard Walter. 2 vols. in I. 8vo 
Kilmarnock. 

This edition has claim to fame because it was printed at the same 
press as the first volume of Burns's poetry. 

1928 ANSON, GEORGE. Anson's Voyage round the World. New edition with 
Prefatory Notes by G. S. Laird Clowes. Original plates and charts and 
numerous additional illus., etc. 8vo. London. 

1749 (In French.) Voyage autpur du monde fait dans les annees 1740 a 1744 
par Lord Anson envoye par sa Majeste Britanique dans la Mer du Sud; 
tire des journaux et autres papiers de ce seigneur, et public par Rich- 
ard Walter, Maitre des arts et Chapelain du Centurion dans cette ex- 
pedition. Traduit de 1'anglais. Maps and plates. 4to. Amsterdam and 
Leipzig. 

1749 (In Dutch.) Reize rondom de Werreld, 1740-1744, Opgesteld uit Journalen 
en andere Papier en van . . . G. Anson . . . door Richard Walter. 
Tweede Druk. Portrait, maps and plates. 4to. Amsterdam. 

1749 (In German.) Reise um die Welt Zusammengetragen von Richard Walter. 
Aus dem Englischen iibersetzt von Eobald Tore. Maps. Leipzig and 
Gottingen. 

1749-51 (In French.) Voyage autour du monde, fait dans les annees 1740 et 1744 
(redige par Benjamin Robins) public par Richard Walter; traduit de 
1'anglais par Ellie de Joncourt. 2 vols. Amsterdam. 

For claims of Robins see under 1748 edition above. 
1756 (In Italian.) Viaggio ottorno el mondo, fatte negli anni 1740-44. Livorno. 

1772 (In German.) Reisen in das Siidmeer, als Beytrag zu Anson's Reisen 
nebst dessen Lebensbeschreibung. Aus dem Englischen. Niirnberg. 

1744.48 CLIPPERTON, JOHN. The Voyage of Captain John Clipperton 
round the World, from an authentic Journal. In Harris I, 184-198, 
London. 

Also in Callander III, 444-502. See below. 

Clipperton was one of the buccaneers associated with the exploits of Shel- 
vocke and Woodes Rogers in the early part of the eighteenth century. Foreseeing 



CIRCUMNA VIGATIONS 51 

a break with Spain and hoping to duplicate, the success of Woodes Rogers, some 
merchants resolved to fit out two ships for the South Seas and the coasts of 
South America. At first Shelvocke was selected for commander, but he was re- 
placed by Clipperton. The plan of using Flemish soldiers was abandoned when 
it was discovered that such a procedure would soon make for trouble aboard the 
vessels. The two ships had to lie at anchor at Plymouth for three months awaiting 
the right winds Factions which developed during the delay increased in severity 
during the voyage. The start was finally made in February, 1719. There exists 
no separate and distinct relation of Clipperton's voyage. But there are two histories 
extant one by Shelvocke and the other by Betagh (see above 1726 and 1728 re- 
spectively). As has been noted above, Shelvocke's account is an apology for his 
conduct; the other an acrimonious attack on Shelvocke. Clipperton certainly 
showed great inclination to do justice to his proprietors and to maintain the honor 

of his country under the circumstances. 

1766-68 CLIPPERTON, JOHN. Voyage to Magellanica and round the World. 
In Callander III, 444-502. London. 

LE HERMITE, JACQUES. Voyage of the Nassau Fleet round the 
Globe, under the Command of Jacques Le Hermite. In Harris I, 66-77. 
London. 

Le Hermite, or L'Heremite, sailed from Goree April 29, 1623, and returned 
home January 21, 1626. This voyage did little to increase geographical knowledge. 
Some futile attacks were made on Spanish possessions of the west coast of South 
America. 

ROGGEWEIN, JACOB. Commodore Roggewein's Expedition with 
three Ships, for the Discovery of Southern Lands under the Direc- 
tion of the Dutch West India Company. From an original Journal. In 
Harris I, 256-320. London. 

In Callander III, 584-641; in Dalrymple, 1770-71. A Dutch account, Dort, 
1728. See below. Another account in German, Leipzig, 1738; in French by Charles 
Frederick Behrens, who was sergeant and commander of troops in Roggewein's 
fleet, printed at the Hague, 1739. Both accounts were translated by Dalrymple. 

Roggewein sailed from the Tcxel, August 21, 1721, and returned home Au- 
gust 11, 1723. The father of the navigator proposed to the Dutch West India 
Company a project for discovering something of the vast continent and its islands 
supposed to be lying in the southern portion of the globe. Dying before it could 
be executed, he entrusted the expedition to his son Jacob, who performed the voy- 
age. In their return they touched at Batavia, where their ships were seized by the 
Dutch East India Company. However, the States General ordered the latter to 
make restitution with two new ships fully rigged, pay the full value of the cargo, 
and pay the crew their wages and all costs. Roggewein's is the first certified 
account of contact with Easter Island and its great stone images, as well as the 
last of the great Dutch circumnavigations. 

1766-68 ROGGRWEIN, JACOB. Voyage to Polynesia and Australasia. In 
Callander III, 584-641, London. 

1728 ROGGEWEIN, JACOB. Twee Jaarige Reyze rondom de Wereld. Dort. 

This work appeared without the author's name and is therefore of 
doubtful worth. The original journal came to light in the early part 
of the nineteenth century and was reprinted at Middleburg, 1838. 
Quoted. 



52 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

SPILBERGEN, JORIS. The Voyage of George Spilbergen in quality 
of Admiral of Six Dutch Ships, round the World. In Harris I, 44-50 
London. 

The first version of this voyage in English appeared in Purchas, 1625 (gath- 
ered out of the "Latine Journall"). An account in Callamler II, 191-217. The 

original Dutch version edited by the Hakluyt Society, 1906. Dutch original and a 
Latin edition, Leyden, 1619. See below. 

Spilbergen sailed from the Texel Aug. 8, 1614, and returned home July 1, 
1617. He wrote two journals. The first is an account of an expedition to the 
East Indies equipped by Balthazar de Moucheron, who was one of the first to 
send out ships both east and west (before the establishment of the Chartered 
East India Company of Holland) to direct a fleet to the East. This expedition 
set out in May, 1601. The second relates his adventures, trading and exploring 
activities as a servant of the East India Company. He included in his second 
journal the account (also published under the name of Cornelisz Schouten in Eng- 
lish, 1619) of the voyage of Jacob Le Maire, who discovered a new strait south 
of the Straits of Magellan. According to Callander, the original journal of this 
voyage was written by John Cornclitz de Maye, in Dutch, whence it was translated 
and published in Latin by Theodore de Bry. Purchas inserted it in his Pilgrimes, 
vol. I. It is also found in the Collection of Dutch East India Voyages, Amsterdam, 
1716. For the confusions clinging to the question of its authorship and to various 
editions, see the Introduction to the Hakluyt Society edition. It was one of the 
most successful voyages ever undertaken by the Dutch It resulted in the conquest 
of the Moluccas by the Dutch and greatly increased the power and the reputation 
of the Dutch East India Company. 

1906 SPEILBERGEN, JORIS VAN. East and West Indian Mirror. By Joris 
van Speilbergcn. An Account of his Voyage Round the World in the 
years 1614 to 1617, including the Australian Navigations of Jacob Le 
Maire. Translated from the Dutch edition, "Cost cnde West Indische 
Spiegel, &c," Nicolaes van Geelkerckcn: Leydcn, 1619, with Notes .Jiid 
an Introduction, by John A. J. de Villicrs, of the Brit. Mus. With a 
Bibliography and Index by Basil H. Soulsby, F. S. A. 26 illus. and 
maps. Hak. Soc., ser, II, vol. 18. London. 

1619 SPEILBERGEN, JORIS VAN. Oost ende West-Indische Spiegel der 
nieuwe Navigatien, Daer in vertoont werdt de leste reysen ghedaen door 
Joris van Spcilbergen, Admirael van dese Vloote ; in wat manieren hy 
de Wereldt rontsom gheseylt heeft. 25 plates. By Nicolaes Gcelkerck- 
en: tot Leyden, Anno 1619. obi. 4to. Leyden. 

SPEILBERGEN, JORIS VAN. Oost ende Wcst-Indische Spiegel Der 
2 lest Navigatien, ghedaen in den Jaeren 1614, 15, 16, 17, ende 18, daer 
in vertoont wort, in wat gestalt Joris van Speilbergen door de Magel- 
lanes de werelt rontom geseylt heeft, met eenighe Battalien so te water 
als te lant, ende 2 Historien de een van Oost ende de andcr West-Indien, 
het ghetal der forten, soldaten, schepen, ende gheschut. Met de Aus- 
tralische Navigatien, van Jacob le Maire, die int suyden door een nieuwe 
Straet ghepasseert is, met vcel wonders so Landen, Volcken, ende Na- 
tien, haer ontmoet zijn, in 26 coperen platen afghebeelt. By Nicolaes 
van Gcelkercken: tot Leyden. obi. 4to. Leyden. 

SPILBERGEN, GEORGE. Speculum Orientalis Occidentalisque Indiae 
Novigatipnum ; Quarum una Georgij a Spilbcrgen classis cum potcstate 
Praefecti, altera Jacobi le Maire auspicijs impcrioque directa, Annis 
1614, 15, 16, 17, 18. Exhibens Novi in mare Australe transitus, incog- 
nitarumque hactenus terrarum ac gentium invcntioriern ; praelia aliquot 

terra marique commissa expugnationesq ; urbium: una cum duabus 
novis utriusque Indiae Historijs, Catalogo munitionum Hollandicarum 
ducum et reliqui bellici appararus, Fretisque quatuor : quaeque figur- 
is ac imaginibus illustrata. Apud Nicolaum a Geelkerckcn. 26 plates, 
obi. 4to. Leyden. 



CIRCUMNA V 1C AT ION 5 53 

VAN NOORT, OLIVIER. The Voyage of Oliver Van Noort round the 
World. In Harris I, 31-36. 

The first version of this voyage in English appeared in Purchas's Pilgrimes, 
1625 ; it purports to have been extracted out of the "Latine Diane." Dutch orig- 
inal at Rotterdam, 1602. See below. 

Van Noort was the first Dutch navigator to sail round the world, and the 
fourth in all. He started from Goree Sept. 13, 1598, and returned home Aug. 
26, 1601. His voyage made little addition to general geographical discovery, but 
it opened up the way to the establishment of the Dutch in the East Indies. 

1602 VAN NOORT, OLIVIER. Beschrijving van de Voyagie om den ge- 
heelcn Wereldt Cloot, ghcdacn door Olivier van Noort, . . to zeylen 
door de Strate Magellanes. 4to. Rotterdam. 

1766-68 NODAL, GARCIA DE. Voyage to Magellanica. Abstract in Cal- 
lander II, 269-273. London. 

A Spanish edition, Madrid, 1621. See below. 

This is the first account of the voyage in English. It is taken from De 
Brosses, Voyages aux Terre Australrs, torn. 1. DC Brosses is of the opinion that 
there were two accounts of this expedition, one by a Spaniard, and one by a 
Dutchman, in the two languages respectively. An imperfect extract from the 
Dutch account is found in Barlaeus and the Spanish account in Laet's America. 
(The references here are probably to Barlacus's Rerutn in Brasilia et alibi 
nupcr Gcstarum Historia, Amsterdam, 1647, and Laet's book on America, which 
appeared sometime before 1642). The King of Spain, hearing of Schouten's ex- 
ploit of the new passage of the Straits of Lc Maire determined to explore this 
passage to sec if it could be fortified against use by other navigators. The ships 
sailed on this eriand from Lisbon Sept. 27, 1618, under the command of Nodal. 
They reached the Straits in question and sailed through and round by Cape Horn 
and back to Spain, taking in all but little over nine months. The King was so 
pleased with the celerity of the passage that he ordered the fleet of eight ships 
about to sail for the Philippines to use this route. From Callander. 

1621 NODAL, BARTH. GARCIA Y GONCALO DE. Relacion del viage, . . 
8vo. Madrid. 

1767 BYRON, JOHN (Commodore). Voyage round the World, in the years 
1764-66, in his Majesty's Sloop the Dolphin, commanded by the Hon- 
ourable Commodore Byron, containing a minute and exact Description 
of the Straits of Magellan and the gigantic People called the Patagon- 
ians. Together with an accurate Account of Seven Islands lately dis- 
covered in the South Seas. By an Officer on Board the said Ship. 
8vo. London. 

In Callander III, 673-714, London ; the official account in Hawkcsworth, 1773 
(see tinder COLLECTIONS this date), and in most later collections. Trans- 
lated into French, Paris, 1767; into Italian, Florence, 1768; into German, Frank- 
fort and Leipzig, 1769; into Spanish, Madrid, 1769. See below. 

Early in 1764 the Hon. John Byron ("Foul-Weather Jack"), was appointed 
in command of the Dolphin Frigate, the first English vessel to be sheathed with 
copper, and ordered to proceed to the East Indies, with secret instructions, how- 
ever, to sail to the Pacific Ocean on an exploring expedition. The vessel sailed 
westward across the Pacific from the Straits of Magellan and managed, almost 
miraculously, to avoid discovering any islands except in the northern part of the 
Low Archipelago, where seven islands were discovered. . . He completed the 
circumnavigation of the globe in twenty-two months, an easy record up to that 

time, but a record which should not have been made on a voyage intended for dis- 



54 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

covery From Maggs, No. 491. For Byron's association with the loss of the 

Wager on the coast of Chili, see Bulkeley, 1743, and Byron, 1768, under SOUTH 
AMERICA. 

1767 (In French ) Voyage autour du monde fait en 1764 et 1765, sur le vaisseau 

de guerre anglois Le Dauphin, commande par le chef d'escadre Byron; 
dans lequel on trouvc une description exacte du detroit de Magellan et 
geans appeles Patagons, ainsi que de sept Isles nouvellement decou- 
vertes dans la Mer du Sud. Par un officier qui etait au bord de ce meme 
vaisseau. Traduit de 1'anglois par Suard. 12mo. Paris. 

1768 (In Italian.) Viaggio intorno al mondo, fatto dalla nave inglese il Delfino, 

con descrizione di varii luoghi, nazioni, plante, animali, dello Stretto Ma- 
gellanico e della gigantesca nazione de'Patagoni. Con un ragguaglio 
de sette isole ultimamente scoperte nel Mar del Sud. Tradotto dal In- 
glese. Frontispiece. 4to. Florence. 

1769 (In German.) Reise um die Welt in den Jahren 1764 und 1765 nebst einer 

genauen Beschreibung der magellanischen Strasse, der Patagonischen 
Riesen und der gans neu entdeckten sieben Inseln in der Siidsee. Mit 
Anhange (des Ubersetzers) worinnen eine Beschreibung der patagon- 
ischen Kiiste ; ubersetzt von Christ. Heinrich Korn. Maps. Frank- 
fort and Leipzig. 

1769 (In Spanish.) Viage del comandante Byron alrededor del Mundo, hecno 
ultimamente de orden del almirantazgo de Inglaterra; . . traducido del 
Ingles, e illustrado con notas . . . por Casimori de Ortega. 2nd edit, en 

que se anade cl Resuraen historico del viage emprendido por Magellanes 
y concluido por al capitan espanoi Juan Sebastian del Cano (su autor C. 
de Ortega). Folded map. 2 vols in 1. 12mo. Madrid. 

1767 JOHNSON, SAMUEL. Life of Sir Francis Drake. 12mo. London. 

Probably Johnson did no more than write the preface to this work, if he had 
anything at all to do with it. 

1771 A Journal of a Voyage Round the World, in His Majesty's Ship En- 
deavour, in the years 1768-1771 ; undertaken in Pursuit of Natural 
Knowledge, at the Desire of the Royal Society : containing all the vari- 
ous Occurrences of the Voyage, with Descriptions of several new dis- 
covered Countries in the Southern Hemisphere ; and Accounts of their 
Soil and Productions ; and of many Singularities in the Structure, Ap- 
parel, Customs, Manners, Policy, Manufactures of their Inhabitants. 
To which is added, A Concise Vocabulary of the Language of Ota- 
heite. 4to. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1772; into German, Berlin, 1772. See below. 

This volume, which is the earliest printed account of Cook's voyage, is an 
extremely important work, published anonymously and surreptitiously two months 
after the return of the navigator, and nearly two years before Hawkesworth's 
eagerly awaited Account. Robt. Watt, in his Bibliotheca Brittanica, 1819-1824, 
ascribed it to Sir Joseph Banks, but neither he nor Hawkes worth nor Solander 
could have been its author. It was probably the journal of one of the civilians 
who died at Batavia. Wood, in his Discovery of Australia, ascribes it^to James 
Magra or Matra, the American midshipman, who made the voyage. It is a short 
but interesting narrative of Cook's first voyage. From Maggs, No. 491. It was 
probably written by B. I^auragais or Dr. John Hawkesworth. Though purporting 

to be the actual journal of one who made the voyage, it is a compilation; the 



CIRCUMNA V1GAT1ONS 55 

first half indeed is mostly a paraphrase of parts of Sydney Parkinson's journal, 
which was not printed in full until 1773. Parkinson's name, however, is not men- 
tioned at all. Quaritch. This work was published by Thomas Beckett, bookseller 
in the Strand, who was also its editor. . . . Whoever the author was, he did not 
comply with Cook's request that all journals kept of the voyage be handed over 
to him. Of these ten were delivered. Perhaps the writer of this journal was B. 

Lauragais, who wrote to Sir Joseph Banks in the spring: of 1772 to the effect that 

he was expecting reproaches for giving publication to the French Galanteries at 
Otaheite. Of the ten journals turned in, seven have been reprinted in the Histor- 
ical Records of New South Wales, vol. I. Lauragais' book appeared in French 
by A. F. J. de Freville: Supplement au Voyage de Bougainville, Paris, 1772. 
From Edward Smith : Life of Sir Joseph Banks. 

1772 (In French.) Journal d'un voyage autour du monde en 1768, 1769, 1770, 
1771, . . traduit de 1'anglois par M. de Freville. 8vo. Paris. 

The same entitled, Supplement au voyage de M. de Bougainville; ou, Journal 
d'un voyage autour du monde, fait par MM. Banks & Solander, en 
1768, 1769, 1770, 1771. Traduit de 1'anglois par M. de Freville. 8vo. 
Paris. 

(In German.) Nachrichtcn von den neucsten Entdeckungen dor Englander 
in dcr Siid-See: oder Auszug dem Tagebuch des Koniglichen Schiffs 
The Endeavour, welches in den Jahren 1768 bis 1771, eine Reise urn 
die Welt gethan, und auf derselben verschiedene bisher unbekannte 
Lander in der Siidlichen Hemisphere entdcckt hat, nebst einer kurzen 
Beschreihung dieser Lander, deren verzuglichen Seltenheiten, Be- 

schaffenheit der Einwohner, und einer Kleinen Probe von der Sprache 
die in jenes Theil der Welt iiblich ist. 12mo. Berlin. 

1772 BOUGAINVILLE, LOUIS ANTOINE DE. A Voyage Round the 
World, performed by Order of His Most Christian Majesty, in the 
Years 1766-69. By Lewis de Bougainville, Colonel of Foot, and Com- 
modore of the Expedition, in the Frigate La Boudeuse, and the Store 
Ship 1'Etoile. Translated from the French by John Reinhold Forster. 
5 engraved folding charts and 1 plate. 4to. London. 

Another edition, Dublin, 8vo, 1772. 2nd edit., London, 1773. French original, 
Paris, 1772. See below. 

The expedition here described had to do with the delivery of the Falkland 
Islands to Spain (see Bougainville under date of 1771, SOUTH AMERICA). 
After having performed this duty he was ordered to proceed across the Pacific 
Ocean to the East Indies and thence back home. This was the first French expe- 
dition to sail around the world. . . The expedition visited the Island of Tahiti, 
which was annexed for France and called La Nouvelle Cythere. . . Several other 
South Sea islands were also visited. It is most remarkable that Bougainville lost 
only seven men out of a crew of 200. (Compare this with Anson's loss of over 
600 men out of 900.) His account is written with simplicity and some humor. 
From Maggs, No. 491. Among the objectives of the voyage was the collecting of 
all kinds of natural history curiosities, etc. 

1772 BOUGAINVILLE, LE COMPTE LOUIS ANTOINE DE. Voyage au- 
tour du monde par la fregate du roi la Boudeuse et la flute 1'Etoile de 
1766 a 1769. Maps. 3 vols. 4to. Paris. 

There appeared another edition, with the addition of the Voyage 
round the World, by Banks and Solander, translated from the English 
by de Fr6ville, in 3 vols., Paris, 1773. The Banks and Solander Voyage 
here referred to is probably the item listed under 1771 above. 



56 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1773 BYRON, JOHN (Commodore). For his Voyage round the World, 1764- 
66, in the Dolphin, see under Hawkesworth, 1773, below, which con- 
tains the official account. For an unofficial account see Byron, 1767, 
above. 

CARTERET, PHILIP (Captain). For his Voyage round the World, 
1767-69, in the Swallow, see under Hawkesworth, 1773, below. 

Carteret sailed as lieutenant in Byron's voyage noted above. His own expe- 
dition was the most interesting as well as the most hazardous of the three here 
grouped together. Possessed of the spirit of the real adventurer, he cruised about 
looking for places which were dubious in their reported positions. He found for 
instance that Davis Land did not exist, at least where it had been located. He 
discovered Pitcairn Island, later to hecome famous as the refuge of the survivors 
of the Bounty mutiny. He visited the Society Islands, Queen Charlotte Islands, 
New Britain, New Ireland, and Mindanao. Instead of following the well travelled 
courses to the Ladrones in crossing the Pacific, he steered west south of the 
Equator. Like other navigators of the period he suffered much from scurvy. He 
retired as Rear- Admiral in 1794. 

WALLIS, SAMUEL, (Captain). For his Voyage round the World, 1766- 
68, see under Hawkesworth, 1773, below, 

Wallis spent four months in getting through the Straits of Magellan. He 
discovered the Society Islands, among them the famous Tahiti. Then he made for 
the Ladrones and so missed discovering other groups. Like most sailors he pre- 
ferred the known routes. 

DALRYMPLE, ALEXANDER. A Letter from Mr. Dalrymple to Dr. 
Hawkesworth, occasioned by some groundless and illiberal Imputa- 
tions in his Account of the late Voyages to the South. 2 parts. 4to. 
London. 

This is Dalrymple's Observations on Dr. Hawkesworth's Preface to the Sec- 
ond Edition of the Voyages. For other criticisms of Hawkesworth see the latter 

under this date, COLLECTIONS. 

HAWKESWORTH, JOHN (Dr.) An Account of the Voyages under- 
taken by the order of his present Majesty for making Discoveries in 
the Southern Hemisphere, and successfully performed by Commodore 
Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook (1764- 
1771). Drawn up from the Journals which were kept by the several 
Commanders and from the Papers of Joseph Banks, Esq. By John 
Hawkesworth. 20 charts, maps, and views of islands, etc., and 23 
plates of general views, incidents, and objects, etc. 3 vols. 4to. 
L,ondon. 

This official account of these four voyages has already been described under 
COLLECTIONS. The bibliography of Cook is very lengthy and decidedly con- 
fusing. The interested reader should consult the admirable Bibliography of Captain 
James Cook, put out by the Public Library of New South Wales, Sydney, 1928. 

Cook's own log was not printed until recent times : see below under 1893. A com- 



CIRCUMNA V 1C ATI ON S 57 

plete and definitive edition of his three voyages taken from his own MSS. ap- 
peared in London, 1931. Banks's journal was published at London, 1896. Both of 

these are listed below. Translations or versions in French and German are found 
published in 1774 and later. See below. 

Captain James Cook was the most intrepid and resourceful navigator of the 
century, if not of all time. Thoughtful of the health of his men, just in his deal- 
ings with the natives, and strict in his discipline, he most amply justified the 
Admiralty in their choice of him as commander of the three voyages that go under 
his name. This, his first voyage to the South Seas, had for its immediate objective 
the observation of the transit of Venus across the sun. For this purpose the island 
of Tahiti had been chosen upon the advice of Captain Wallis. An able body of 
scientists accompanied the expedition, among whom were Banks the botanist, af- 
terwards President of the Royal Society, Dr. Solander, his assistant, Green the 
astronomer, and Parkinson the draughtsman. After completing their astronomical 
duties, they took up in earnest the problem of settling questions long waiting so- 
lution of what lands and land connections existed in the great southwest area of 
the Pacific. The chief results were these : No large land mass occupied that 
area; New Zealand was circumnavigated for the first time and found to consist 
of two large islands; the greater portion of eastern Australia was explored; no 
connection existed between New Holland and New Guinea; and the Great Barrier 
Reef was successfully navigated. In addition cattle and vegetables indigenous to 
Europe were introduced to many islands. The success of this voyage determined 
the Government to send Cook out again on further voyages of pure exploration. 
Probably the return of no voyager was more eagerly awaited by the British public 
than this one of Cook's. Naturally the book publishers were all agog to get out 
the first account of the voyage. Despite Cook's efforts to preserve all accounts 
for the use of the Admiralty, some few private journals found their way to the 
press. 

1774 (In French.) Relation d'un voyage autour du monde, dans les annees 1769, 
1770, 1771, par le lieutenant Jacques Cook, commandant le vaisseau 
1'Endeavour. 2 vols. Paris (?). 

(In German.) Des Lieutenant Cook's Reise urn die Welt in den Jahren 
1768, 1769, 1770, und 1771. In vols. 2 and 3 of Geschichte de See- 
Reisen. Berlin (?). 

See also Trassler, Sammlung der besten Reisebeschreibungen, 
Troppau, 1785-86. 

1891 KING, PHILIP G. (Hon.). Comments on Cook's Log (H. M. S. En- 
deavour, 1770). Charts and Sketches. 4to. Sydney. 

1893 COOK, JAMES. Extract from the Log-book of Lieutenant James Cook, 
during part of his first Voyage round the World. New South Wales 
Government Printed Historical Records, vol. I, pt. 1, pp. 1-174. 

This consists of the private and official log-book. The private log- 
book is in Cook's own handwriting, and is not a complete account of the 
whole voyage. It begins on Feb. 12, 1770, and ends on Sept. 23, 1770. 
In the official log-book, extending from May, 1768, to July, 1770, the 
transactions of the entire voyage are recorded, probably by the Chief 
Officer. Both copies are in the British Mus. Cook Bibliography. 

COOK, JAMES (Captain). Captain Cook's Journal during his first Voy- 
age round the World made in H. M. Bark Endeavour, 1768-1771 : a lit- 
eral transcription of the original MSS., with Notes and Introduction. 
Edited by W. J. L. Wharton. Facsimiles, maps, and portrait. 8vo. 
London. 

The preface gives the history of the original triplicate journals, of 
which this volume is edited from the Corner copy, with additions from 
the Admiralty copy. None of these journals are in Cook's own hand- 
writing. Cook Bibliography. 



58 A /?E/7iA7:/V( R 67///>/< TO TRAl'RL LITF.RATVRR 

18% BANKS, SIR JOSKPH. Journal . . . during Captain Cook's first Voyage 
in H. M S Rndcai'our, in 1768-71, to Terra del Fuego, Otaheitc, New 
Zealand, Australia, the Dutch East Indies, . . Edited by Sir J. D. Hook- 
er. Portrait and charts. 8vo. London 

Banks contributed largely to the scientific findings of the expedition. 
He seems to have been a favorite with the natives of Tahiti. There 
were numerous poems and skits published on him and Queen Oberea 
in England. "That wild man Banks, who is poaching in every ocean for 
the fry of little islands that escaped the drag-net of science," is a 
characteristic sneer of Horace Walpolc at the man of science. Dr. 
Johnson confessed he had some desire to go on the trip with Banks and 
Solander in the Resolution and the Adventure (of the second voyage) 
but that he soon laid it aside, saying, "there is very little of intellectual 
entertainment in the course. Besides I see but a small distance. So it 
was not worth while to go to see birds fly which I should not have 
seen fly ; and fishes swim which I should not have seen swim." Bos- 
well. 



PARKINSON, SYDNEY. A Journal of a Voyage to the South Sea in 
His Majesty's Ship the Endeavour. Faithfully transcribed from the 
Papers of the late Sydney Parkinson, draughtsman to Joseph Banks, 
Esq. . . embellished with views and designs delineated by the Author. 
Fol. London. 

Another edition, with added matter, London, 1784. Reprinted in David Henry, 
vol. Ill, 165-470, and vol. IV, 1-222, London. Abstract in Pinkerton XI, 498-563, 
London. Translated into French, Paris, 1795. Sec below. 

Parkinson was the draughtsman for the collection of natural history under 
the direction of Banks. He died at Batavia of dysentery on Jan. 26, 1771, on 
the homeward voyage. His brother Stanwick, to anticipate Hawkcsworth's ac- 
count, hurriedly published this journal. After a few copies had appeared, the 
further issue was stopped by an injunction in Chancery, on the ground of infringe- 
ment of Hawkcsworth's rights and of material belonging to Banks. Dr. Fother- 
gill, a friend of the Parkinsons, afterwards bought the remainder, which appeared 
in 1784 as the reissue, with an Appendix. Cook Bibliography 

1784 PARKINSON, SYDNEY. A Journal of a Voyage to the South Sea in 
His Majesty's Ship the Endeavour . . . To which is now added, Re- 
marks on thr Preface, hv the late John Fothergill, and an appendix con- 
taining an account of the Voyages of Commodore Byron, Captain Wal- 
lis, Captain Carteret, Monsieur Bougainville, Captain Cook, and Captain 
Clerke. 4to. London. 

1795 (In French.) Voyage autour du monde attache a M. Banks; precede 
d'un discour en forme d' Introduction par les principaux navigateurs an- 
glais et francais qui ont precede 1' Endeavour. Traduit de 1'anglais par 
P. F. Henri. 2 vols. Paris. 

1775 COOK, JAMES. Journal of the Resolution's Voyage in 1772, 1773, 1774 
and 1775, on Discovery to the Southern Hemisphere, by which the 
non-existence of an undiscovered Continent between the Equator and 
the 50th Degree of southern Latitude is demonstratively proved; also a 
Journal of the Adventure's Voyage in the years 1772, 1773, 1774, with 
an Account of the Separation of the two Ships, and the most remark- 
able Incidents that befel each, interspersed with historical and geo- 
graphical Descriptions of the Islands and Countries discovered in the 



CIRCUMNA V1GATIONS 59 

course of their respective Voyages. Folding chart with the tracts of 
both vessels accurately laid down, and 5 engraved plates. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

Another edition, 8vo., Dublin, 1776. 

Hocken states : "This is the very rare account of Cook's second voyage, pub- 
lished surreptitiously and anonymously about eighteen months before Cook's own 
account. Probably John Marra or Mara, one of the gunner's mates, supplied ma- 
terial from his private journal, which was put into shape by some literary person 
in the pay of the publisher Newbery." On page 325 it is stated: "Some who had 
kept memorials by way of exercise, reserved their labours to gratify their friends. 
Of this kind is the journal now submitted to the public." The preface discloses 
considerable knowledge of private matters connected with the voyage and gives 
an account of the causes which led Mr. Banks and his staff to withdraw from the 
expedition at the last moment. Cook Bibliography 

1776 COOK, JAMES. A Second Voyage Round the World, in the years 

MDCCLXXII, LXXIII, LX.:iV, LXXV; by James Cook, Esq., Com- 
mander of His Majesty's Bark, the Resolution, undertaken by the 
order of the King, arid encouraged by a Parliamentary Grant of Four 
Thousand Pounds. Drawn up from authentic Papers. 4to. London. 

A surreptitious account of Cook's second voyage, from the journal of one of 
the officers, published a year before the official account. Towards the end of this 
volume the writer states that, after Captain Cook had announced the Admiralty's 
orders that all journals, etc., should be sent to the Admiralty Office, "a search 
was immediately made, and all the journals and papers that could be found were 
put into a box to be sent to the Admiralty Office by the first opportunity that 
offered." The italics here used, considered in conjunction with some satirical re- 
marks that follow on the probable manner of publication of the official account, 
are a fair indication that this one is written up from a journal that could not be 
found. Cook Bibliography. Another edition signed "by an Officer on Board," 
London, 1781. 

1777 COOK, JAMES. AVoyage towards the South Pole and round the World, 

performed in his Majesty's Ships, the Resolution and Adventure, in 
the Years 1772-75, written by James Cook, Commander of the Reso- 
lution. In which is included Captain Furneaux's Narrative of his 
Proceedings in the Adventure during the Separation of the Ships. 
Maps, charts, portraits and views. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

This is the official account of the second voyage. 2nd edit., London, 1778; 
3rd, London, 1779; 4th, London, 1784; abstract in Pinkerton XI, 564-638. Trans- 
lated into French at Amsterdam and Paris, 1777; again with added matter, Paris, 
1778; and later. Into Dutch, Rotterdam, 1778. See below. 

This voyage of 1772-75 settled the age-long question of the existence of an- 
other continent, the Terra Australis Incognita, in the negative. It was also the 
first scientific exploration of the South Polar Regions. Maggs, No. 491. Banks 
gave up the idea of accompanying this voyage and in his place was selected a nat- 
uralist of prodigious energy, of German extraction, John Reinhold Forster. The 
most meticulous pains were taken to insure scientific success of the voyage. This 
was the first time in history that the Antarctic Circle was crossed by white men, 
as well as the latitude 70 degrees south. The two ships were separated in a fog 
but were rejoined in New Zealand. This voyage brought to light many islands and 
island groups, and besides circumnavigated the globe in sufficiently high latitudes 
as to bring to an end the dreams of philosophers of an early day. Owing to dietary 
precautions, only one man died during the voyage. 



60 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1778 COOK, JAMES. New Discoveries concerning the World, and its Inhab- 
itants. In two parts. Part I. Containing a circumstantial Account of 
all the Islands in the South-Sea, that have been lately discovered or 
explored ; . . Part II. Containing a Summary Account of Captain 
Cook's attempt to discover a Southern Continent, in 1773-75. 2 folding 
maps and 2 folding plates. 8vo. London. 

1777 (In French.) Journal du second voyage du Capitaine Cook, sur les vais- 

seatix "la Resolution" et 'TAdventure" ; entrepris par ordre dcs S. M. 
Britannique, dans les annees 1774 et 1775. Traduit de 1'anglais par A. 
F. L. de Freville. 1 map. 8vo. Amsterdam and Paris. 

1778 (In French.) Voyage second dans l'hemisphere austral ot autour du monde, 

fait sur les vaisseaux du roi, 'TAdventure" et "la Resolution" en 1772- 
75, ecrit par Jacques Cook, dans lequel on a insere la relation du Capi- 
taine Furneaux et celle de M. Forster. Traduit de 1'anglais par J. B. 
Antoine Suard. Ouvrage enrichi de plans, de cartrs, dc planches, dc por- 
traits et de vues de pays dessincs pendant 1'expcdition par M. Hodges. 
65 plates. 5 vols. Paris. 

The translator Suard explains in his introduction that he has used, 
as well as Cook's account, the account in two volumes, 4to, published 
by the younger Forster. He has drawn from the latter material that 
is not included in Cook, and has indicated the Forster extracts by in- 
verted commas. These dovetailed accounts occupy four volumes, The 
fifth volume has a separate title page as follows: "Observations faites, 
pendant le second voyage de M. Cook, dans l'hemisphere austral . . . 
par M. Forster, pere." His introduction to this volume states that it 
serves as an appendix to the four preceding ones, that it forms, in Eng- 
lish, a separate work from the account of the voyage published by the 
Captain and also from that by the younger Forster, and that he has 
omitted from it the material already given in those two accounts, save 
for a very few repetitions. Cook Bibliography. 

1778 (In Dutch.) Rcis naar de Zuidpool en rondom de weereld, gedaan op bevel 
van Zijne Brittannische Majesteit met de schepen, de "Resolution" en 
de "Adventure" in 1772, 1773, 1774, en 1775, waarbij gevoegd is, Fur- 
neaux's verslag van de "Resolution" was af geraakt. Uit het Kngelsch 
vertaalt. Rotterdam. 

FORvSTER, JOIIANN GEORG ADAM. Voyage round the World in 
His Britannic Majesty's Sloop Resolution, commanded by Captain 
James Cook, during the Years 1772, 3, 4, and 5. Map. 2 vols. 4to. 
London. 

An edition in Dublin, 2 vols., 8vo, 1777. An edition in German, Berlin, 1779- 
1780. See below. 

Forster' s account contained numerous and offensive attacks upon the conduct 
of the officers and the crew of the Resolution, which produced replies from Wales 
and counter replies from Forster. For these see below. Forster was but seventeen 
years old when the voyage started. His account is written in "a pompous and in- 
flated style and the reflections are for the most part in a very false taste." Bos- 
well liked the work, but Dr. Johnson remarked that "there is great affectation of 
fine writing in it, . . he makes me turn over many leaves at a time." Boswell. 
This is a very important work and a necessary adjunct to Cook's Voyages, which 
it anticipated by several months. Humboldt said that he was indebted to it more 
than to any other work for his early love of nature and tropical beauty. . . It was 
originally intended that Forster senior should write the official record. However, 
on his return, he had a dispute with the Admiralty over his emoluments, etc., and 
he was forbidden to publish an account. He then got his son, George, to issue it, 
and in consequence was dismissed by the Admiralty. He returned to Germany, 
where he published the volume "Observations made during a Voyage, etc.," fol- 
lowing the publication of the official account. From Maggs, No. 491. For this 
work see Forster, 1778, below. 



CIRCUMNA VIGATIONS 61 

1779-1780 (In German.) Reise urn die Welt. Aus dem Englischen iibersetrt 
vom Verfasser, mit Zusatzen fur den deutschen Leser vcrtnehrt. 12 

Tafeln. Berlin. 

1778 WALES, WILLIAM. Remarks on Mr. Forster's Account of Captain 
Cook's Last Voyage round the World in the years 1772-75. 8vo. London. 

FORSTER, GEORGE. Reply to Mr. Wales' Remarks on Mr. Forster's 
Account of Captain Cook's last Voyage round the World. 8vo. London. 

1778 FORSTER, GEORGE. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of 
Sandwich, first Lord Commissioner of the Board of Admiralty, . . . 
from George Forster, F. R. S. 4to. London. (25 pp.) 

In this the writer complains of the bad treatment he and his father had re- 
ceived after their return from their voyage round the world. Sabin. 

WALES, WILLIAM, and BAYLY, WILLIAM. Original Astronomical 
Observations made in the Course of a Voyage of Captain Cook and 
King towards the South Pole and round the World in his Majesty's 
Ship the Resolution and Adventure in 1772-75. With plates; published 
by order of the Commissioners. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1784. Translated into French, Paris, 1778. See below. 

1778 (In French.) Extrait de 1'ouvrage intitule: Observations astronomiques 
recueillies pendant le voyage dans rhemisphere austral, en 1772-1775, 
par M. Wales et M. Bayly. (In the French translation, Paris, 1778, of 
Cook's second Voyage.) 

Wales and Bayly were the astronomers on this expedition. 

1778 FORSTER, JOHN REINHOLD. Observations made during a Voyage 
round the World on Physical Geography, Natural History and Ethical 
Philosophy, especially on 1. The Earth and its Strata; 2. Water and 
the Ocean; 3. The Atmosphere; 4. The Changes of the Globe; 5. Or- 
ganic Bodies ; 6. The Human Species. 4to. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1778; into Italian, Venice, 1784-85. See below. 

For the most part this work concerns the South Sea Islands, but there are 
numerous remarks and observations on America, more especially Tierra del Fuego, 
New Georgia, and parts of South America. Maggs, No. 442. It also contains a 
folding comparative table of South Sea languages, chiefly Polynesian. This ac- 
count was published shortly after the appearance of the official account. Forster 
and his son were employed as naturalists on this voyage. His fiery temper con- 
tinually involved him in broils with his shipmates. For further details concerning 
him see remarks under the 1777 account of the younger Forster. 

1778 (In French.) Observations faites dans un voyage autour du monde, sur 
le geographic physique, 1'histoire naturelle et la philosophic morale; 
traduit de I 1 Anglais par Pingeron. Impr. a la suite du cinquieme vol. 
de 1'edit. francaise du second voyage de Cook. Paris. 

1784-85 (In Italian.) Osservazioni naturali fatte da Rcnaldo Forster nell' em- 
isfero Australe. In the Italian edition of Cook's Voyages : Storia de 1 
viaggi, tomo 9-10. Venice. 



62 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

(Listed below are some other accounts of Cook's second voyage, none of 
them of any importance.) 

1778 COOK, JAMES. Captain Cook's Attempts to discover a Southern Con- 

tinent in 1772-75. In Nnv Discoveries Concerning the World. See un- 
der COLLECTIONS. 

1779 COOK, JAMES. An account of this second voyage in Campbell, J. : Lives 

of the British Admirals, vol. IV. London. 

1784 COOK, JAMES. A Compendious History of Captain Cook's first and 

second Voyages, the first ... in 1768, 1769, 1770 and 1771 in the En- 
deavour; the second in 1772, 1773, 1774 and 1775 in the Resolution and 
Adventure, including an abridgement of Captain Furneaux's Narrative 
... to which is added, A Narrative of Commodore Phipps' (now Lord 
Mulgrave) Voyage to the North Pole; also an Extract from Forster's 
Introduction to his History of Northern Discoveries on the Progress of 
Navigation. 12mo. London. 

This was edited by G. Kearsley. It was adapted and abridged from 
the quarto edition published by the Admiralty of the first and second 
voyages of Cook. 

1785 SPARRMAN, ANDRE. For an account of a portion of this voyage see 

his Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope and round the World, under 
AFRICA. 

Sparrman joined the expedition, at Forster's request, at the Cape 
of Good Hope. He was to assist in the work of natural history. He 
soon returned to the Cape to pursue his own interests. 

1781 COOK, JAMES. Journal of Captain Cook's last Voyage to the Pacific 
Ocean on Discovery, performed in the Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779. 
Cuts and charts showing the tracts of the Ships employed in this Ex- 
pedition. Faithfully narrated from the original MS. 8vo. London. 

A new edition, compared with, and corrected from, the voyage published by 
authority, London, 1784. An edition was also published by Ledyard at Hartford, 
1783, on his return to his native country, America. Translated into French, Paris, 
T782. See below. 

This is a surreptitious and anonymous publication, anticipating the authorized 
account by more than two years. Probably it was written by John Ledyard, a 
sergeant of marines on the Resolution. Cook Bibliography. For Ledyard see un- 
der 1785, NORTH PACIFIC 

1782 (In French.) Troisieme voyage de Cook; ou Journal d'une expedition 
faite dans la Mer Pacifique du Sud et du Nord, en 1776, 1777, 1778, 
1779, et 1780. Traduit de 1'Anglois. 2nd edit. Map and frontispiece. 
8vo. Paris. 



FORSTER, JOHANN REINHOLD. Tagebuch einer Entdeckungsreise 
nach der Sudsee in den Jahren 1776 bis 1780 unter Anfuhrung der 
Captains Cook, Clerke, Gore and King. Mit einer verbesserten Karte 
und Kiipfer nach der originellen Handschrift getreulich beschrieben. 
Eine Uberschauung nebst Anmerkungen. Map and plate. 8vo. Berlin. 

This seems to be an independent German account, antedating the official pub- 
lication. 



CIRCUMNA VIGA TIONS 63 

1781 RICKMAN, (Lieutenant). Journal of Captain Cook's last Voyage 

to the Pacific Ocean, on Discovery; performed in the Years 1776-79. 
Folding map and 5 engraved plates. 8vo. Dublin. 

1782 ELLIS, WILLIAM (Surgeon). For his account of Cook's last voyage 

see his An Authentic Narrative of a Voyage performed by Captains 
Cook and Clerke, under NORTH PACIFIC. 

1784 COOK, JAMES, and KING, JAMES. Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, un- 
dertaken by the Command of His Majesty, for making Discoveries in 
the Northern Hemisphere, to determine the Position and Extent of 
the West Side of North America, its Distance from Asia, and the 
Practicability of a Northern Passage to Europe, performed under the 
Direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, in His Majesty's Ships, 
the Resolution and Discovery, in the years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779 and 
1780. 3 vols: vols. I and II written by Captain J. Cook, vol. Ill by 
Captain J. King. . . Published by order of the Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty. 87 plates, of which 26 are charts, etc. 4to. London. 

This, the official account, was edited by Dr. Douglas, Bishop of Salisbury. 
2nd edit., London, 1785, and the 3rd the same year. In vol. Ill of this last are 
the arguments advanced by Wm. Wales against the existence of Cape Circumcision. 
An abridgement in 4 vols., London, 1784; a Compendious History, edited by G. 
Kearsley, 2 vols., London, 1785 ; a compilation, 4 vols., Perth, 1785 ; another abridge- 
ment in 4 vols., London, 1793 ; abstract in Pinkerton XI, 639-738, London. Trans- 
lations of the official account into French, Paris, 1785; the same abridged in Italian, 
1794-95; in Dutch, Rotterdam, 1787; in German, 1787-88; in Russian, St. Peters- 
burg, 1788. An independent German account, 1781, Mannheim. Sets of the three 
voyages with and without the Life by Kippis are found. A set of the three in 
French, 14 vols. 8vo, and 3 vols. atlas 4to, Paris, 1785-17%. Some of the above 
described editions are listed below. Numerous articles and sections of books deal- 
ing with this voyage are to be found in Cook Bibliography See also under 
NORTH PACIFIC under corresponding dates. 

This third voyage differed from the other two in that the scene of discovery 
shifted from the South Seas to the North Pacific and the west coast of North 
America, and had as one of the objectives the attempt at a Northwest Passage 
to Europe, On the way to the North Pacific the voyagers touched at the Sandwich 
Islands, so named after Lord Sandwich but later called the Hawaiian Islands, 
where Cook met his death on his return from the North. This group was un- 
doubtedly visited by the Spaniards in the sixteenth century but they had become 
lost to European view. Despite the hostilities between America, England, and 
France, the scientific nature of the expedition caused the various governments to 
exempt these vessels from capture. For further details of this voyage see under 
NORTH PACIFIC. 

1784 COOK, JAMES. A Compendious History of Captain Cook's last Voyage 
... in which all the interesting transactions are recorded, particularly 
those relative to his unfortunate Death, (with) Abridgement of Cap- 
tain Cook's last Voyage . . . his Life, by ... King. 2 vols. 12mo. 
London. 

This work is a new edition. An Account of the last Voyage, adapted 
and abridged from the quarto edition published by the Admiralty in 
1784. From Cook Bibliography. 



64 A REVERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1785 COOK, JAMES. Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, undertaken by Command 

of His Majesty, for making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere 
. . . Compiled from the various Accounts of that Voyage hitherto pub- 
lished. Illus. and maps. 18mo. London. 

COOK, JAMES Beauties of Captain Cook's Voyages: or, A Selection 
of interesting Narratives. London. 

1786 SAMWELL, DAVID. A Narrative of the Death of Captain Cook; to 

which are added, Some Particulars concerning his Life and Character ; 
with Observations respecting the Introduction of Venereal Diseases into 
the Sandwich Islands. 4to. London. 

1787 COOK, JAMES. A New authentic Collection of Captain Cook's Voyages 

round the World, undertaken by order of His Majesty, for making new 
Discoveries ; the first undertaken and performed in the Endeavour, 
1768-1771, for observing the transit of Venus, and making Discoveries 
in the Southern Hemisphere; the second in the Resolution and Ad- 
venture, 1772-75, for making further Discoveries toward the South 
Pole, and round the World; the third and last, in the Resolution and 
Discovery, to the Pacific Ocean, in 1776-1780, for making new Discov- 
eries in the Northern Hemisphere, . . comprehending the Life and 
Death of Captain Cook. Together with Captain Furneaux's Narrative 
in the Adventure, during the* Separation of the Ships in the Second 
Voyage, during which period several of his people were destroyed by 
the Natives of Queen Charlotte Sound. Written by the principal Offi- 
cers who sailed in the various Ships. 8vo. London. 

1788 (In Russian.) Poslednee putesestwie kapitana Cook'a okolo sweta s ob- 

stojatelstwami ego zizni i smerti. 8vo. St. Petersburg. 

KIPPIS, ANDREW. The Life of Captain James Cook. Portrait. 4to. 
London. 

This was printed uniform with the quarto editions of the voyages. 
Another edition, 8vo, Dublin, 1788; again, London, 1791. Translated 
into French, Paris, 1789; into German, Hamburg, 1789. See below. 

This work contains an admirable precis of the three voyages, with 
valuable information from the original sources. It introduces most of 
Samwell's Narative of Captain Cook's Death, and also gives accounts 
of the various tributes to Cook's memory, . . it also includes the biog- 
raphies of Green the astronomer, Ledyard, the American seaman, and 
Captain Clerke; as well as a notice of the various medals which were 
struck. Maggs, No. 491. 

1789 (In French.) Vie du Capitaine James Cook pour servir de suite a ses 

trois voyages. Traduit de 1'anglais par J. Castera. 2 vols. Paris. 

(In German.) Leben des Capitan James Cook. Engraved portrait. 2 vols. 
in 1. Hamburg. 

1799 COOK, JAMES. Cook's Voyages Round the World for Making Discov- 
eries towards the North and South Poles, with an Appendix (on the set- 
tlements at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island). Portrait 8vo. Man- 
chester. 

1931 COOK, JAMES. The First and Complete (and Definitive) Edition of the 
Three Voyages of James Cook in 8 volumes. Edited by Lieutenant- 
Commander R. T. Gould. 4to. Argonaut Press. London. 

The text is taken from Cook's original MS. journals, supplemented 
where necessary by those of his companions. With the original illus- 
trations, maps, and charts, and in addition . . . many unique items, 
hitherto unpublished. This edition also includes a new Life of Cook 
and a Selection of his Letters. From Bookseller's Announcement. 



CIRCUMNA VIGATIONS 65 

1781 ZIMMERMANN, HEINRICH. Reise urn die Welt mit Captain Cook. 
8vo, Mannheim. 

This seems to be an independent account. Translated into English, 
Wellington, 1926. See below. 

1926 ZIMMERMANN, HEINRICH. Account of the third Voyage of Captain 
Cook, 1776-1780; translated by U. Tewsley, under the Direction of J. 
C. Anderson, with a few explanatory Notes. With facsimile of the 
title-page of the Mannheim, 1781, edition, from which the translation is 
made. Illus. 8vo. Wellington. 

1785 (In French.)- Troisieme Voyage de Cook; ou, Voyage a 1'Ocean Pacifique, 

ordonne par le Roi d'Angleterre, pour faire des Decouvertes dans 1* 
hemisphere nord, pour determiner la position & 1'etendue de la cote 
ouest de I'Amerique septentrionale ... & resoudre la question du pas- 
sage au nord. Execute sous la direction des Capitaines Cook, Clerke & 
Gore, sur Ics vaisseaux la Resolution & la D 6 convert e t en 1776, 1777, 
1778, 1779 & 1780. Traduit de 1'Anglois par M. D(emeunier). Ouv- 
rage enrichi de cartes & de plans, d'apres les relevemens par le Lieu- 
tenant Henry Roberts, sous 1'inspection de Capitaine Cook, & d'une 
multitude de planches . . . dessines . . . par M. Webber ... 4 vols. 
4to. Paris. 

1784-85 (In Italian.) Storia de' Viaggi intrapresi dal Capitano Giacomo Cook. 
13 vols. 8vo., and 1 vol. 4to. Naples. 

Besides the three voyages of Cook, this contains those of Byron, 
Carteret, Wallis, and Bougainville. 

1786 (In German.) Neueste Rcisebeschreibungen, oder Jakob Cook's dritte und 

letzte Reise, . . in den Jahren 1776 bis 1780. Illus. and maps. 2 vols. 
Niirnberg. 

1787 (In Dutch.) Reis naar den Stillen Oceaan, ondernomen op bevel van zyne 

Brittannische Majesteit, George de Derde, tot het doen van ontdekkin- 
gen in het noorder halfrond, ter uitvoer gebragt onder't bestuur van 
de Bevclhebhers Cook, Clerke en Gore in de Jaaren 1776, 1777, 1778, 
1779 en 1780, met de schepen de Resolution en Discovery en beschreven 
door den Commandeur J. Cook, en door Kapitein J. King. Uit het 
Engelsch vertaald. 4to. Rotterdam. 

1794-95 (In Italian.) Terzo Viaggio. In Bcrenger, J. P.: Raccolta di tutti i 
viaggi, tomo 6, 293-359 ; tomo 7. Venice ( ? ) . 

1795-1809 (In Dutch.) Reizen rondom de waereld; vertaald door J. D. Pasteur. 
Maps and plates. 13 vols. Leyden. 

1789 PORTLOCK, NATHANIEL, and DIXON, GEORGE. For their voy- 
ages around the world see under NORTH PACIFIC. 

1792-93 PAGES, PIERRE MARIE FRANCOIS DE. Travels round the 
World in the Years 1767-1771. Together with the Supplementary 
Volume III, relating the Author's Voyages toward the South and 
North Poles. From the French. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit, of vols. I and II, corrected and enlarged, London, 1793. An edition, 
Dublin, 1791. French original, Paris, 1782. See below. 

Volume III contains an account of two voyages; the first in 1773-74 towards 



66 A REFERENCE GVIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

the South Pole; the second in 1776 towards the North Pole. Lowndes. The first 
voyage contains an account of dc Pages journey from France to New Orleans, 
and a long relation of his journey through Louisiana up the Mississippi, along the 
Rt-d River, and up to Nachitiches, with his stay in that place. His journey across 
Texas . . to San Antonio. His visit to the Adaisse Indians ... on to Acapulco. 
From here the author sails to Guam, the Philippines, and back to France via Bom- 
bay, Mesapotamia and Palestine From Maggs, No. 442. Pinkerton XVII re- 
gards this as a forged account of a voyage never performed. At least de Pages 
did not circumnavigate the globe by water. 

1782 PAGES, PIERRE MARIE FRANCOIS DE. Voyage autour du monde 
et vers le dexix Poles, par terre et par mer, pendant les annees 1767, 

1768, 1769, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1774 et 1776. 3 vols. in I. 8vo. Paris. 

1793 HAMILTON, GEORGE (Surgeon). A Voyage round the World, in his 
Majesty's Frigate Pandora. Performed under the Direction of Cap- 
tain Edwards, 1790-92. With the Discoveries made in the South-Sea; 
and the many Distresses experienced by the Crew from Shipwreck in 
a Voyage of 1 100 miles in open Boats. Portrait. Berwick. 

This is the rare first edition. It was reprinted with an Introduction and Notes 
by Sir Basil Thomson in 1915. Robinson, No. 20. Translated into German, Ber- 
lin, 1794. See below. 

The Pandora was sent out under command of Captain Edwards in search of 
the mutineers of the Bounty, the majority of whom were long since gone from 
Tahiti. But several were captured and taken to England, where they were tried 
by court martial, except the four who perished in the wreck of the Pandora on 
the Great Barrier Reef. 

1794 (In German.) Reise um die Welt in der Fregatte Pandora unter Kapitain 

Edwards 1790-92. Nebst Entdeckungen in der Sudsee. Aus dem Eng- 
lischen. Mit Anmerkungen von J. R. Forstcr. Berlin. 

1795 PARKER, JOHN. A Voyage Round the World, in the Gorgon Man of 
War. Performed and written by Captain John Parker, his Widow, for 
the Advantage of a numerous Family. London. 

"It is a rare circumstance to see a female in the list of Circumnavigators ; 
and when we consider that it is a disconsolate Widow who details the particulars, 
we are sorry for the immediate occasion. In the spring of the year 1791, Mrs. 
Parker, at the pressing request of an affectionate husband, embarked with him 
on a voyage, . . for the new Colony at Port Jackson, erroneously called Botany 
Bay. Of the occurrences which principally attracted her notice during the voyage, 
both outward and homeward, she has given a plain, unvarnished, but not unenter- 
tabling recital." Quoted by Nichols, Literary Anecdotes, IX, 158, from the 
Monthly Review, N. S. XX, 112. This account was published after Captain Park- 
er's death. 

1798 LA PEROUSE, JOHN FRANCIS GALAUP. A Voyage round the 
World in the years 1785, 1786, 1787, and 1788, with the Nautical 
Tables, arranged by M. L. A. Milet-Mureau ; to which is prefixed a 
Narrative of an Interesting Voyage from Manilla to St. Blaise, and 
annexed travels over the Continent, with the dispatches of La Perouse, 
by M. de Lesseps, translated from the French. Portrait, numerous 
folding maps and plates. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



C1RCUMNA V1GAT1ONS 67 

This is the edition printed for John Stockdale ; a second one came out in 1799. 
Two other translations were issued in 1798 and 1790 by two different publishers 
J. Johnson, whose first appeared in 1798, and second in 1799; and J, Robinson, whose 
first appeared in 1799. There is also an edition printed at Edinburgh, 1798, with 
added matter. Original French edition, Paris, 1797. See below. 

On the unexpected publication of this famous voyage at Paris in the previous 
year (1797), there was considerable competition among English publishers to bring 
out the English translation. Three different translations were made and published 
during 1798-99, and different engravers were employed for making the plates. 
Stockdale's (the one listed above) edition appeared first, in June, 1798. . . Robin- 
son's edition of 1799 is the most esteemed edition in English, later editions being 
usually based on it. "The narrative of the enterprising but ill-fated La Perouse 
is full of inteiest in all portions, but his relations of the peculiarities he observed 
in the natives of the North West Coast of America are especially valuable. . . 
The above account was transmitted from Botany Bay. After leaving this place 
for the South Sea Islands, the expedition was never heard of again." The expedi- 
tion visited and gave accounts of Easter Island, Sandwich Islands, Navigator's 
or Samoan Islands, the Friendly or T onga Islands, Norfolk Island, and Botany 

Bay. In December, 1787, twelve members of the expedition were murdered in the 
Samoan Islands. It was not until 1825 that Captain Dillon discovered what was 
evidently the wreckage of La Pcrousc's vessels, the Astrolabe and the Boussole, 
on the reefs of Vanikoro, an island to the north of the New Hebrides. Maggs, 
No. 491. In 1791 the French Government sent out an expedition in search of him. 
See under Labilliardicrc, 1799, below. For his discoveries on the Northwest coast 
of North America, see under NORTH PACIFIC this date. 

1798 LA PEROUSE, J. F. G. DE. A Voyage round the World, in 1785, 1786, 
1787 and 1788, published conformably to the Decree of the National 
Assembly, on the 22nd of April, 1791, and edited by M. L. A. Milet- 
Mureau. Translated from the French. Portrait, nautical tables, and the 
full series of 41 folding charts, maps and engraved plates. 3 vols. 
8vo. London. 

This is the edition published by J. Johnson. Claims have been made 
for its priority over its rivals. 

1798 LA PEROUSE, J. F. G. DE. Voyage Round the World, 1785-88, to 

which are added, A Voyage from Manilla to California, by Don. A. 
Maurelle, and an abstract of the Voyage and Discoveries of Ca.pt, G. 
Vancouver. Map and View of Easter Island. Edinburgh. 

1799 LA PEROUSE, J. F. G. DE. A Voyage round the World, performed in 

the Years 1785-88, by the Boussole and Astrolabe. Engraved portrait 
arid folio atlas of 69 engraved plates and charts. 2 vols. 4to, and 1 fol. 
London. 

This is the edition published by J. Robinson. The Atlas bears the 
date 1798 in the imprint. Maggs, No. 491. 

1797 LA PEROUSE, JEAN FRANCOIS DE GALOUP, COMTE DE. Voy- 
age autour du monde (pendant les annees 1785-88), publie conforme- 
ment au decret du 22 avril 1791 et redige par M. L. A. Milct-Mureau. 
4 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

The 4th vol. is an atlas fol. containing 69 plates, of views, costume, 
objects of natural history, maps, etc. Other French editions soon fol- 
lowed, of which one was printed in London, 1799. There is also a mod- 
ern French edition based on all the MSS. of the author, in 4to, 1931. 

1800 LABIIJvARDlERE, J. J. H. DK. Voyage in Search of JUa Perouse, 
performed by order of the Constituent Assembly, during 1791-94. 
Folding map and 45 plates. 4to. London. 

French original, Paris, 1799-1800. See below. 

After three years had passed by without any news of the ill-fated expedition 



68 A REPERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

under La Perouse, the French Government sent out to the South Seas two ves- 
sels under the command of D'Entrecasteaux and Kermadee to search for him. 

Among the scientists on board was the naturalist Labilliardiere. Although entirely 
unsuccessful in its search, the voyage was of considerable importance. Labilliar- 
diere gives the first scientific description of the New Zealand flax, and brought 
back several New Zealand plants. He describes the visits paid by the expedition 
to Tasmania, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, etc. Maggs, 
No. 491. 

1799-1800 LABILLIARDIERE, J. J. H. DE. Relation du voyage a la recherche 
de la Perouse, fait par ordre de I'Assemblee Constituante, pendant les 
annees 1791, 1792, et pendant la Premiere et la seconde annee dc la 
Republique Francoise. Par le citoyen Labillardiere . . . Tun des na- 
turalistes de 1'expedition. 2 vols. 4to, atlas fol. An VIII. Paris. 

1798 VANCOUVER, GEORGE. For his circumnavigation see his Voyage of 
Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean, etc., under NORTH PACIFIC. 



ADDENDA 

1801 MARCHAND, ETIENNE. A Voyage Round the World, 1790-92. Pre- 
ceded by an historical Introduction and illustrated by charts, etc. 
Translated from the French of C. P. Claret Fleurieu. 2 vols. 4to. 
London. 

French original, Paris, 1798-1800. See below. 

The narrative here recorded was drawn up by Fleurieu from the journal by 
Captain Chanal, the second in command of the expedition. Marchand's voyage 
has never been published in full. 

1798-1800 MARCHAND, ETIENNE. Voyage autour du monde, pendant les 
annees 1790, 1791 et 1792, par Etienne Marchand. Precede d'une intro- 
duction historique, auquel on a joint des recherches sur les Terres Aus- 
trales de Drake, et un Examen Critique du Voyage de Roggeween. 

Avec cartes et figures. Par C. P. Claret Fleurieu. 4 torn. 4to. Paris. 

1834 FANNING, EDMUND. Voyages round the World to the South Seas, 
North and South Pacific Oceans, China, . . 1792-1832. Plates. 8vo. 
London. 

This work contains the report of the Commander of the first American ex- 
ploring expedition sponsored by the U. S. Government. 



III. 

General Travels and Descriptions 

1480 GOUSSOUIN OF METZ (?). The Mirrour of the world or thymage 
of the same. Translated and printed by William Caxton from the 
French prose version of the French rhymed Image du Monde. London. 

Reprinted 1490 and 1527. Parks. Edited by O. H. Prior in E.E.T.S., extra 
ser., 110, 1913. The. original version is supposed to have been written at Metz 
in 1245, and has been ascribed to Vincent of Beauvais. The date 1480 above is 
the date of the translation ; that of the printing is uncertain. The original of this 
work is a poem consisting of 6594 rhymed couplets, and is evidently a compila- 
tion from various sources. Its most interesting feature is its descriptions of 
strange countries, peoples, and animals, which are frequently mentioned in med- 
ieval literature. From Prior's Introduction. 

1499 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. For his travels through various countries 
of the East, see under FAR EAST this date. 

1503 Arnold, . The Copy of a Carete Cumposynge the Circuit of the 

Worlde and the Cumpace of every Yland. (In the so-called "Arnold's 
Chronicle"). Printed by John of Doesborowe. Antwerp (?). 

Reprinted London, 1521. Modern edition, London, 1811. Parks. Accord- 
ing to the same authority, the date 1503 is dubious. 

151O-1520 RASTELL, JOHN. New Interlude and a Merry of the Nature of 
the Four Elements. 

Edited by James Halwell, Percy Society, vol. 22, London, 1858. Reprinted by 

J. S. Farmer in his Six Anonymous Plays, London, 1905. 

Rastell was only the publisher of this work. In this play Expcryence dis- 
courses at large with Studyous Desire on strange lands and marvels. 

1511 Of the Newe Landes. Printed by John of Doesborowe. Antwerp ( ?). 

Reprinted by Arber in his The First Three Books on America, Birmingham, 
1885. 

This work is not really concerned with the new lands. It deals mainly with 
Prester John and other medieval items. It may be the "printed sheet of paper" 
which stirred Eden to his work of translation. From Parks. 

1555 BOEMUS, JOANNES. The Fardle of Facions. Conteining the aun- 
ciente maners, customes, and Lawes, of the peoples enhabiting the two 
partes of the earth, called Affricke and Asie. (Translated by William 
Watreman ) . 1 2mo. London. 

Latin original, Antwerp (?), 1520. For the title of the Latin edition of 1542 
see below. Another translation, London, 1611. Reprinted in Hakluyt, vol. V of 
1812 edition. 

(69) 



70 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

This is the first scientific approach to ethnology, portraying a "pleasant vari- 
ety of things and yet more profit in the pith." Parks. Watreman, in his dedi- 
catory preface to the Earl of Arundel, tells how he had come across the work of 
Boemus and had decided to translate it, and how on finishing the first two parts 
published it forthwith. Maggs, No. 519. ft is only in the edition of 1542 that the 
exceedingly important letter of Maximilianus Transylvanus which describes Ma- 
gellan's Voyage is found. Maggs, No. 491. 

1611 BOEMUS, JOANNES. The Manners, Lawes, and Customes of all Na- 
tions. Collected out of the best Writers by Joannes Boemus Aubanus, a 
Dutchman. . . With many other things of the same Argument, gathered 
out of the Historic of Nicholas Damascen. The like also out of the 
History of America, or Brasil, Written by John Lerius, The faith, 
religion and manners of the Aethiopians, and the deploration of the 
people of Lappia, compiled by Damianus a Goes. With a short Dis- 
course of the Aethiopians, taken put of Jospeh Scaliger. Written in 
Latin and now newly translated into English. By Ed. Ashton. 4to. 
London. 

For Latin original of this version, Lyons, 1611, see below. 

1542 BOEMUS, JOANNES. Omnium Gentium Mores, Leges, & Ritus. Ac- 
cessit libellus de Regionibus Septentrionalibus, carumque. Praeterea, 
Epistola Maximiliani Transsylvani lectu perquam iucunda, ad R. Card. 
Saltzburgen, De Moluccis Insulis, & aliis pluribus mirandis. 8vo. 
Antwerp. 

1611 BOEMUS. JOANNES. Mores, Leges, et Ritvs omniym Gentivm, Per. I. 
Boemum Aubanum, Teutonicum, ex multis clarrissimis rerum scriptor- 
ibus collecti. Ex Nicol. Damasceni historia exccrpta quaedam ejusdem 
argumenti. Itidem & ex Brasiliana I. Lerij historia. Fides, religio, & 
mores Aethiopum, ac deploratio Lappiamae gcntis, Daminao a Goes auc- 
tore. De Aethiopibus etiam nonnulla ex los Scaliger i lib. VII de Emen- 
datione temporum. Cum Indice locupletissimo. Lyons. 

1566 PLINY. A vSummarie of the Antiquities and wonders of the Worlde, 
out of the sixtene first bookes. Translated out of the French of P. 
de Changy by I. A. London. 

Reprinted 1585 and 1587 as "The Secrets and Wonders of the Worlde." The 
complete Pliny was translated by Philemon Holland in 1601. Parks. 

1595 DAVIS, JOHN. For his The World's Hydro graphical Description see 
under GEOGRAPHY this date. 



1599 ABBOT, GEORGE. A Briefe Description of the whole Worlde. Lon- 
don. 

New editions in 1600, 1605, 1608, 1617, 1620, 1624, 1634, 1636. Parks. The 
title of the 1608 edition is printed below. 

This author, who was also Archbishop of Canterbury, wrote this work from 
the comfortable seclusion of one of his many palaces, wherein he enunciates some 
curious conclusions about America, as, for instance, that "the Indians had amongst 
them no good or wholesome food, for even that Mais, whereof they make their 
bread, had in the root thereof a most venomous kind of liquor, which is no better 
than deadly Poyson." From Waldman. 

1608 ABBOT, GEORGE. A Briefe Description of the Whole World, wherein 
are particularly described all the Monarchies, Empires, and Kingdomes 



GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 71 

of the same, with their Academies, newly augmented and enlarged, with 
their severall Titles and situation thereunto adioyning. 4to. London. 

This work, which, according to Anthony a Wood, was known as 
''Abbot's Geography/' contains a curious account of the Discovery of 
America by the Welsh Maggs, No. 429. Its chapters include: Of 
America, or the New World; Of those parts of America toward the 
North; Of Peru and Brasile ; Of those Countries that lie about the two 
Poles, This work as well as many other general histories and descrip- 
tions of the day could also be listed under GEOGRAPHY. 

1601 BOTERO, GIOVANNI. The Travellers Breviat, or an historicall De- 
scription of the most famous Kingdomes and Common-weales therein. 
Relating their Scituations, Manners, Customs, ciuill Gouernment, and 
other memorable Matters. Translated into English (by Robert John- 
son) and inlarged. 4to. London. 

Other editions in 1603, 1610, 1611, 1630. Pollard. An edition in 1616 is cited 
by John Carter Brown. An Italian version, Venice, 1600. See below. 

This is probably the work entered in the Stationers' Registers, April 20, 1601, 
under the title, "The Travaylers Breviate. Or the Description of the world." 
Arber, quoted by J. C. B. The titles of the issues of 1610, 1611, and 1616 are al- 
tered but the paging remains the same. J. C. B.. Such works as this were intended 
for the entertainment of those who stayed at home and the instruction of those 
who desired to widen their experience by travel. Cam. Hist IV, v. The countries 
described are Poland, Turkey, Spain, Netherlands, England, France, Japan, China, 
etc. In the edition of 1616, Book VI deals with "America, commonly called, 
West-India," and Book VII with "America Magellanica, or Peruana." John 
Carter Brown. 

1611 BOTERO, GIOVANNI. Relations of the Most Famovs Kingdoms and 
Common- Weales thorovgh the World Discoursing of their Scituations, 
Manners, Customes, Strengthes and Policies Translated into English 
and enlarged with an Addition of the Estates of Venice, Saxony, Gen- 
eva, Hungary, and the East-Indies, in any language never before im- 
printed. 4to. London. 

1630 BOTERO, GIOVANNI. Relations of the most famovs Kingdomes and 
Common-wealthe tliorowout the World; . . Translated out of the bet 
Italian Impression of Boterus. And since the last Edition by R. I. 
(Robert Johnson). Now once againe inlarged according to modernc 
Observation; With Addition of new Estates and Countries. Wherein 
many of the oversights both of the Author and Translator, arc amended. 
And unto which a Mappe of the whole World, with a Table of the 
Countries, are newly added. London. 

The map, engraved by Robert Vaughan, is that used in Drake, The 
World Encompassed, 1628. John Carter Brown. 

1600 BOTERO, GIOVANNI. Le Relationi Univcrsali 4 engraved folding maps. 
4to. Venice. 



1603 ORTEUUS, ABRAHAM. For his Epitome of the Theater of the 
Worlde, see under GEOGRAPHY this date. 



72 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1614 LITHGOW, WILLIAM. The Totall Discourse of the Rare Adventures 

and Paineful Peregrinations of the long nineteen Yeares Travayles 
from Scotland to the most Famous Kingdomes in Europe, Asia, and 
Africa. 4to. London. 

A 2nd impression, London, 1616. The 1st collected edition, London, 1632; later 
1640; in 8vo, London, 1682; the 10th edition, with a slightly changed title, 8vo, 
London ; Edinburgh, 1692. MacLehose edition, Glasgow, 1906. Translated into 
Dutch, Amsterdam, 1653. See below. 

Lithgow claimed that his "paynefull feet traced over (besides my passage of 
Seas and Rivers) 36,000 odde miles, which draweth neare to twice the circumfer- 
ence of the whole Earth." He set out on the first of his three journies March 7, 
1609. On the third of these he was imprisoned in Spain on the charge of being a 
spy and tortured by the Inquisition, of which he gives an account that makes pain- 
ful reading. His attempts to get redress from James I on his return were only 
feebly rewarded. After his exhibition of his "martyred anatomy" to the whole 
court, "from the King to the Kitchin," he was sent, at Royal expense, to Bath. 
Here his health was restored but his crushed bones were incurable. According to 
Maggs, No. 521, his book is probably one of the earliest authorities for coffee- 
drinking in Europe, Turkish baths, a pigeon-post between Aleppo and Bagdad, the 
long Turkish tobacco pipes, artificial incubation, and the importation of currants 
from Zante to England, "where some liquorous lips forsooth can now hardly digest 
bread, pastries, broth, and bag-puddings, without these currants." 

1692 LITHGOW, WILLIAM. Travels through the most Eminent Places in the 
Habitable World, containing an Account of the Tortures he suffered 
under the Spanish Inquisition by Racking and other Inhumane Usages 
for his owning the Protestant Religion. 8vo. London. 

1655 (In Dutch.) Willwm Lithgouws 19 Jaarige Lant-Reyse, uyt Schotlant nae 
de vermaerde deelen des Werelts Europa, Asia en Africa. 4to. Am- 
sterdam. 

1615 AVITY, PIERRE D'. The Estates, Empires, and Principalities of the 

World, represented by ye Description of Countries, Maners of Inhab- 
itants, Riches of Prouinces, Forces, Gouernment, Religion and the 
Princes that haue gouerned in euery Estate, with the beginning of all 
Militarie and Religious Orders, translated out of French by Edw. Grim- 
stone, Sargeant at Armes. . . . Fol. London. 

1620 Description of the World. London. 

1621 HEYLYN, PETER. For his Microcosmus, or a Little Description of the 

Great World, see under GEOGRAPHY this date. 

1630 SMITH, JOHN (Captain). John Smith's Travels in Europe, Asia, and 
Africa, and America ; with a Continuation of the History of Virginia. 
London. 

A 2nd edit., with slightly changed title, London, 1664; a portion in Churchill 
II, 328-366. A modern reprint, Edinburgh, 1910. See below. 

This biography of Captain John Smith was not written by Smith himself ; 
the substance of it had appeared in Purchas in 1625. It is a highly imaginative 
account of his life, not improbably influenced by Shakespeare's Othello. . . Smith 



GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 73 

died a year after its appearance, and for nearly three hundred years successive 
biographers have gone on trying to prove what every om* knew in 1631 that he 

could not possibly have done all the things his first biographer said he did. 
Waldman. 

1664 SMITH, JOHN. The true Travels, Adventures, and Observations of John 
Smith, in Kurope, Asia, Africa, and America, from the year 1593 to 
1629; the accidents which happened to him in the Straits of Gibraltar; 
his services and Strategems in Hungary, . . ; how he was made Pris- 
oner by the Turks, sold as a Slave and sent to Tartary ; his Descrip- 
tions of the Tartars, and of their strange Customs and religious Creeds. 
London. 

1910 SMITH, John (Captain). Travels and Complete Works. 12 facsimile 
maps and plates. 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

A Complete and Definitive Edition of Capt. John Smith's Travels 
and Adventures, comprising all the illustrative and contemporary docu- 
ments, introduction, and notes contributed by Prof. Edward Arber to 
his edition, with a new Critical and Biographical Introduction by A. G. 
Bradley, a Bibliography by Thomas Seccombe, and a detailed index. 
Reprinted verbatim from the original editions. Maggs, No. 442. 

1631 SPEED, JOHN. For his Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the 
World, see under GEOGRAPHY this date. 

1636 RALEIGH, SIR WALTER. Tvbvs Historicvs: an Historicall Perspec- 
tive, discovering all the Empires and Kingdomes of the World, as they 
flourished respectively under the foure Imperial Monarchies. 4to. 
London. 

1654 CAMPANELLA, THOMAS. A Discourse touching the Spanish Mon- 
archy, wherein also we have a Political Glasse, representing each Par- 
ticular Country, Province, Kingdom and Empire of the World, with 
Wayes of Government, . . Newly translated (by Edmund Chilmead). 
4to. London. 

FLECKNOE, RICHARD. A Relation of Ten Years Travells in Eu- 
rope, Asia, Affrique arid America. All by way of Letters occasionally 
written to diverse noble Personages, from place to place; And contin- 
ued to this present year, with divers other Historical, Moral and Poet- 
ical Pieces of the same Author. 8vo. London. 

The date of the 1st edit, is given as 1654 by Maggs, No. 465. D.N.B. gives 
it as 1656. 

This is the most interesting and most scarce of all the author's productions. 
. . . From his own account of his travels, it appears that he went abroad in 1640 
and spent three or four years in the Low Countries, . . was at Rome in 1645. . . . 
From Rome he went to Constantinople about 1647, and afterwards to Portugal, and 
from there paid a visit to Brazil in 1648. At Rome he was visited by the famous 
poet Andrew Marvel!, who describes him as "Fleckno, an English Priest at Rome," 
(he was said to have been an Irishman), and gives a quaint description of his 
extreme leaness, his narrow lodgings, . . . and his appetite for reciting his own 
poetry. lie is the subject of Dryden's satire "MacFlecknoe." Flecknoe's own 
works were printed for private circulation, and are therefore very rare Maggs 
No. 465. 



74 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1660 LE BLANC, VINCENT. The World Surveyed : or, the Famous Voyages 
and Travailes of Vincent Le Blanc or White, of Marseilles: who from 
the Age of Fourteen years, to Threescore and Eighteen, Travelled 
through most parts of the World. Viz.: the East and West Indies, 
Persia, Pegu, the Kingdom of Fez and Morocco, Guinny, and through 
all Africa. From the Cape of Good Hope into Alexandria, by the Ter- 
ritories of Monomotapa, of Preste John and Aegypt, into the Med- 
iterranean Isles, and through the principal Provinces of Europe. Con- 
taining a more exact Description of several parts of the World, than 
hath hitherto been done by any other author. Enriched with many 
authentick Histories. Originally written in French, and faithfully 
rendered into English by F(rancis) B( rooks), Gent. With the en- 
graved portrait of Le Blanc. Fol. London. 

French original, Paris, 1648. See below. 

1648 LE BLANC, VINCENTE. Les voyages fameux qu'il a fails depuis 1'age 
de douze ans ju&qucs a soixante aux quatres parties du monde: A 
scavoir aux Indes Orientals et Occidentals, en Perse et Pegur, et 
dans les royaumes de Fez, de Maroc ct de Guinee et dans toute 1'Af- 
riquc interieure, depuis le cap de Bonne Ksperance, en Alexandrie, par 
les terres de Monomotapa, du grand Caire ct de 1'Egyptc, aux Isles de 
la mediterranee et aux prouinces de 1'Europe, . . . Redigez fidellement 
sur les Memoires et registres tirez de la Bibliotheque de Monsieur de 
Peiresc, par Pierre Bergeron. 4to. Paris. 

Part III has some interesting accounts of Brazil, Mexico, Canada, 
West Indies, etc. Quoted. 

1670 HUSSEY, G. Memorabilia Mundi; or, Choice Memoirs of the History 
and Description of the World. 12mo. .London. 



1671 MERITON, GEORGE. A Geographical Description of the World. With 
a brief Account of the several Empires, Dominions, and Parts thereof; 
As ,-iJso the Natures of the Peoples and Customs, Manners and Com- 
modities, of the several Countries: with a description of the Principal 
Cities in each Dominion. Together with a short Direction for Trav- 
ellers. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., 1673; 3rd edit., 12mo, London, 1679. 

1679 Narrative and Deduction of the several Remarkable Cases of Sir William 
Courten, Sir Paul Pyndar, William Courten, and others, Adventures 
to the East-Indies, China and Japan, and divers other parts of Asia, 
Europe, Africa, and America: Recollected out of the Original Writ- 
ings and Records. Fol. London. 



GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 75 

1681 MELTON, EDWARD. Zee en Land Reisen door Egypten, West-Indien, 
Fersien, Turkien, Oost-Indien, . . Translated from English into Dutch. 
Flates. Amsterdam. 

Cited by Pinkerton XVII with the English title in parenthesis: Travels by 
Sea and Land in Egypt, the West Indies, Persia, Turkey, the East Indies, etc 

1684 STRUYS, JANS. The Voiages and Travels of John Struys through Italy, 
Greece, Muscovy, Tartary, Media, Persia, East-India, Japan, and oth- 
er Countries in Europe, Africa and Asia; containing Remarks and Ob- 
servations upon the Mariners, Religion, Polities, Customs and Laws of 
the Inhabitants ; and a Description of their several Cities, Towns, 
Forts and Places of Strength, together with an Account of the Authors 
many Dangers by Shipwreck, Robbery, Slavery, Hunger, Torture, and 
the like, and Two Narratives of the Taking of Astracan by the Cos- 
sacks, sent from Capt. D. Butler. Illustrated with copperplates designed 
and taken from Life by the Author. Done out of the Dutch by John 
Morrison. 4to. London. 

Dutch original, Amsterdam, 1670. See below. 

Struys, whose real name was Jans Janszoon Strauss, made his voyages be- 
tween 1647 and 1672. He recounts in full the revolt of Stenko Radzin, chief of 
the Cossacks, against the Czar of Russia He asserts that he saw in Formosa a 
race of men with tails. 

1670 STRUYS, JANS. Gedonkwaerdigc Keisen door Italic. Gnekenland, Liv- 
land, Moscovien, Tartanc, Medien, Persien, Turkien, Japan, en Oostin- 
dien. 4to. Amsterdam. 

1689 A New Description of the World, or, A Compendious Treatise of the Um- 

pires, Kingdomes, States, Provinces, Countries, Islands, Cities, . . of 
Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, in their Scituation, Products, 
Manufactures and Commodities, Geographical and Historical; and an 
Account of the Natures of the People, their Habits, Customs, Wars 
Religion, Policies, . . as also of the Wonders and Rarities of Fishes, 
Beasts, Birds, Rivers, Mountains, Plants, . . . 12mo. London. 

1690 PERISTOT, A. Itinera Mundi sic dicta, netnpe Cosmographia, autorc A. 

Peristot, cum Notis per Th. Hyde. Oxford. 

This interesting' work will also be found in the first volume of Hyde's Syn- 
tagma Lowndes. Hyde was an orientalist, librarian of Bodley, 1665-1701, and 
Laudian Professor of Arabic in 1691, and Regius Professor of Hebrew in 1698, 
at Oxford. He was also the government interpreter of oriental languages arid as- 
sisted in editing the Persian and Syriac versions of the Polyglot Bible. D.N B. 

1693 AVRIL, PHILIPPE (S. J.)- Travels into divers Parts of Europe and 
Asia, undertaken, by the French King's Order, to discover a new way 
by Land into China ; containing many curious Remarks in Natural Phil- 



76 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

osophy, Geography, Hydrography and History : together with a descrip- 
tion of Great Tartary, and of the different peoples who inhabit there. . . 
Done out of French. To which is added, A Supplement extracted from 
Hakluyt and Purchas ; giving an Account of several Journeys over Land 
from Russia, Persia, and the Mogul's Country to China ; together with 
the Roads and Distances of the Places. 12mo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1692. See below. 

Consisting of travels in Armenia, Tartary, China, Russia, and Moldavia (Ru- 
mania) . Sotherati. 

1692 AVRIL, PHILIPPE (S. J.). Voyage en divers etats d'Europe et d'Asie, 
entrepris pour decouvrir un nouveau chemiii a la Chine, contcnant pin- 
sieurs remarques curieuses de physique, de geographic et d'histoire. 
Avec une description de la grande Tartarie et des diflferens peuples qui 
1'habitent. Illus. 4to. Paris. 

1695 CARR, WILLIAM. The Travellour's Guide, and Historian's faithful 

Companion ; giving an Account of the most remarkable matters relat- 
ing to the Religion, Government, Customs, Manners, Laws, Policies, 
Trades, . . in all the principal Kingdoms, States, and Provinces, not 
only in Europe but (in) other parts of the world: more particularly 
England, Holland, Flanders, Denmark, Sweden, the Principal Cities 
of Germany, Italy, . . ; as to their Rivers, Cities, Pallaces, Fortifica- 
tions, Churches, Antiquities, with Remarks on many of them. Instruc- 
tions for Travelling, Prices of Land and Water Carriages, Provisions, 
. . A Catalogue of the Cities, with the Number of Houses in them; 
with many other things worthy of Note. Being the sixteen years Trav- 
els of William Carr, sometime Consul at Amsterdam. 12mo. London. 

4th edit., 12mo, London, 1697. 

A Description of the Four Parts of the World. . . How America was 
First Discovered by the Europeans, and what Purchases they have 
made therein. Collected from the Writings of the best Historians. 
(23 pp.) 8vo. Edinburgh. 
Reprinted, 1695. 

1696 MOCQUET, JOHN. Travels and Voyages into Africa, Asia, and Amer- 

ica, the East and West-Indies ; Syria, Jerusalem, and the Holy-Land. 
Performed by Mr. John Mocquet, Keeper of the Cabinet of Rarities, 
to the King of France, in the Thuilleries. Divided into Six Books, 
and Enriched with Sculptures. Translated from the French, by Na- 
thaniel Pullen, Gent. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1617 (1616 according to Hiersemann). See below. 

For so many travels the relation is too short, however, there are things in it 
worth observing, Churchill, Introduction Mocquet is one of the earliest French 
travellers. He started on his journies in 1611. 



GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 77 

1617 MOCQUET, JEAN. Voyages en Afrique, Indes orientates & occidentales. 
Faits par Jean Mocquet, Garde du Cabinet des singularitez du Roy, aux 

Tuilleries. Divisez en six livres & enrichiz de Figures, Dediez av Roy. 
8vo. Paris. 

1699 The New Atlas, Or Travels or Voyages in Europe, Asia, Africa, and 
America, through the most renown'd parts of the World, viz., from 
England to the Dardanelles, thence to Constantinople, Aegypt, Pales- 
tine, Syria, Mesopotamia, Chaldea, Persia, East India, China, Tartary, 
Muscovy, and Poland; the Roman Empire, Flanders and Holland, to 
Spain and the West Indies; with a brief Account of Ethiopia, and 
the Pilgrimages to Mecca and Medina in Arabia: containing what is 
worthy of Remark in those vast Countries, relating to Building, An- 
tiquities, Religion, Manners, Customs, Princes' Courts, Affairs military 
and civil, . . performed by an English Gentleman (with Preface signed 
by T. C.). 8vo. London. 

A little volume that seems to be made out of some collections of books and 
travels rather than any real voyage. Churchill, Introduction. 

1701 COLLIER, J. The Great Historical, Geographical, Genealogical Diction- 

ary, being a curious Miscellany of Sacred and Prophane History, con- 
taining the Lives and Remarkable Actions (of famous Men of all 
Countries and Ages), the descriptions of Empires, . . . collected out of 
the best Historians, Chronologers, and Lexicographers, ... 3 vols. 
Fol. London. 

The author is probably Jeremy Collier, who wrote the well-known "Short 
View of the Immorality and Profaneiiess of the English ^ Stage." D. N. B. 
puts the date of the publication of the Great Historical Dictionary in the years 
1705-1721, and states that it was an adaptation from Louis Moreri. 

1702 The Present State of the Universe; or, and Account of the . . . Present 

Chief Princes of the World, their Coats of Arms, . . . Chief Towns, 
Revenues, Power and Strength, ... 12 copperplate portraits and 70 
engravings of the ensigns, colors or flags of ships at sea, belonging to 
the several Princes and States of the World. 12mo. London. 

1705 PUFFENDORF, SAMUEL. An Introduction to the History of the 
Kingdoms and States of Asia, Africa, and America both ancient and 
modern, according to the Method of Samuel Puffendorf , Counsellor of 
State to the late King of Sweden. 3 parts in 1. 8vo. London. 

Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1708, IV, 240. 

1723 MOTRAYE, AUBRY DE LA. Travels through Europe, Asia and into 
Part of Africa: containing a Great Variety of Geographical, Topo- 



78 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

graphical, and Political Observations on those Parts of the World, 
especially on Italy, Turkey, Greece, Crim and Noghaian Tartaries, 
Circassia, Sweden, and Lapland. Remains of ancient Cities and Col- 
onies, Inscriptions, Idols, Medals, Minerals, . . Revised by the Author. 
Translated from the French. Maps and copperplates. 2 vols. Fol. 
London. 

This translation was made from the author's manuscript and appeared four 
years ahead of the French version. See below. Another edition in 3 vols., London 
and the Hague, 1730-33. See below. 

Veracity and exactness, particularly so far as regards the copying of inscrip- 
tions, characterise these travels. They are valuable also for information respect- 
ing the mines of northern Europe. Lowndes. Some of the cuts were engraved by 
Hogarth. 

1730-33. MOTRAYE, AUBRY DE LA. Travels through Europe, Asia, and 
into Part of Africa. Plates and maps. 3 vols. Fol. London and 
the Hague. 

Vols. I and II were printed and published at London, and vol. Ill 
printed for the author at the Hague. The text is in English and 
French in parallel columns. 

1727 MOTRAYE, AUBRY DE LA. Voyages du Sieur A. de la Motraye, en 
Europe, Asie & Afrique. Ou Ton trouve une grande variete de Recher- 
chcs gcographiques, historiques, & politiques, sur 1'Italie, la Grece, . . . 
Maps and illus. 2 vols. The Hague. 

1726 URING, NATHANIEL (Captain). The History of the Voyages and 

Travels of Captain Nathaniel Uring. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1727; 3rd edit., 1749. Except for the insertion of sixteen 
errata, which appeared in the first edition, these texts arc identical. Reissued ver- 
batim from the first edition in the "Seafarer's Library," edited by Captain Alfred 
Dewar, with 8 half tone plates, London, 1928. 

Captain Uring was a merchant skipper in the time of Queen Anne. "A stirring 
life enough too, for he had known the slave trade, had been at the battle of 
Copenhagen, had landed to help the soldiers at Cadiz, had seen the Torbay crash 
through the boom at Vigo had carried mails from Falmouth to the West Indies, 

had been a prisoner in France, had been wrecked on the Mosquito Coast, had cut 
logwood up the Belsize, had walked the streets of Boston and spoken with Gov- 
ernor Dudley, and had finally been a Governor himself." From the Introduction 
to the 1928 edition. 

1727 SALMON, THOMAS. The Modern History, or the Present State of 

all the Nations (Asia and Europe). Maps and plates. 3 vols. 4to. 
Dublin. 



1735 ATKINS, JOHN (Surgeon R. N.). A Voyage to Guinea, Brasil, and 
the West-Indies, in His Majesty's Ships the Swallow and Weymouth. 
Describing the several Islands and Settlements, viz., Madeira, the 
Canaries, Cape de Verde, Sierra Leon, Sesthos, Cape Apollonia, Cabo 
Corso, and others on the Guinea Coast ; Barbadoes, Jamaica, . . in 
the West-Indies. The Colour, Diet, Languages, Habits, Manners, and 



GENERAL TRA VELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 79 

Religions of the Natives and Inhabitants, with Remarks on the Gold, 
Ivory and Slave Trade; and on the Winds, Tides and Currents of 
the several Coasts. 8vo. London. 

Abstract in Astley, II, 445-457. 

This volume, which chiefly consists of the personal adventures of the author, 

will, however, afford some insight into the manners and habits of the people. 
Lowndes. This describes the voyage of the Swallow and the Weymouth, and is 
full of interesting information about the slave trade, and the natural history of 
the Gold Coast. He describes the manatee accurately, and tells much about fetish 
worship. He shows that there was no evidence of a general cannibalism in any 
negro tribe, but mentions how an English captain made one slave eat the liver of 
another as a punishment. He gives full accounts of the winds and currents, and 
leaves the impression that he was intelligent and truthful. Sir Norman Moore, 
quoted by Bookseller. The author published "The Navy Surgeon" in 1732. 

1739 CAMPBELL, JOHN. The Travels and Adventures of Edward Brown, 

Esq. ; formerly a Merchant in London. Containing his Observations 
on France and Italy; his Voyage to the Levant; his Account of the 
Isle of Malta . . . his Journies thro' Egypt ; together with a brief De- 
scription of the Abyssinian Empire. . . 8vo. London. 

Another edition in 2 vols., London, 1753. 

Edward Bevan is sometimes given as the name of this fictitious traveller. 

1740 FRANSHAM, JOHN (of Norwich). The World in Miniature: or, the 

Entertaining Traveller. Containing America, and the Isles thereof, etc., 
in the Second Volume. Large folding plate, containing 18 engravings 
depicting various people of the World, etc. 2 vols. London. 

2nd edit., 12mo, London, 1741; again, London, 1745, 1752, and 1767. 

1744 LADE, ROBERT (Captain). Voyages en differentes parties de 1'Af- 
rique, de 1'Asie et de I'Amerique contenant 1'histoire de sa fortune et 
ses observations sur les colonies et le commerce des espagnols, des An- 
glois, des hollandois, . . Ouvrage traduit de 1'Anglois. 2 maps. 2 vols. 
Paris. 

No English original is listed. Hiersemann. The French translator was Pre- 
VOSt. 

THOMPSON, CHARLES. The Travels of the Late Charles Thomp- 
son, containing his Observations on France, Italy, Turkey in Europe, 
the Holy Land, Arabia, Egypt, and many other parts of the World, 
giving a particular and faithful Account of what is most remarkable 
in the Manners, Religion, Polity, Antiquities and Natural History of 
those Countries, with a curious Description of Jerusalem, as it now 
appears, and other Places mentioned in the Holy Scriptures: the 
whole forming a complete View of the ancient and modern State of 
great Part of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Published from the Author's 



80 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

original Manuscript, interspersed with the Remarks of several other 
Travellers, and illustrated with Historical, Geographical, and Miscel- 
laneous Notes by the Editor. 13 copperplates (mostly folding) by 
Hulett, etc., of views and plans, and 7 colored folding maps. 3 vols. 
8vo. Reading. 

Another edition in 4 vols., Dublin, 1744; later editions: 3 vols., London, 1748; 
2 vols., 12mo, London, 1754; 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1767. 

This is a rare work, and was unknown to Watt, Lowndes, and Allibone. In 
his preface the editor states that "as soon as the Proposals for printing it were 
published, great enquiry was made concerning its Author, as is usual on such Oc- 
casions; and some Persons not meeting with the information they expected, were 
pleased to insinuate, that this Name was fictitious, and that no such Gentleman 
ever travell'd or existed. . . . For my part, I would willingly give the inquis- 
tive Reader all the Satisfaction in my Power concerning the Author; but I am 
restrain'*! from doing it by his own dying Injunction." The supposed author is 

not in D.N.B., and the likelihood is despite the editor's protestations that he never 
existed. Of special interest are the folding views of Pans, Rome, and Jerusalem. 
Sotheran. Not being listed in the D.N.B. is sometimes a proof of negligence on 
the part of the editors of that work, as has been too frequently experienced by 
the editor of this Bibliography. 

1744-48 BENJAMIN OF TUDELA. The Travels of Rabbi Benjamin of 
Tudela through Europe, Asia, and Africa from Spain to China in the 
Year of Our Lord 1160-1177. From the Latin Version of Benedict 
Ariaz Montanus, and Constantin 1'Emperour, compared with other 
Translations into different Languages. In Harris I, 546-555. 

This is a much abridged version. Its earliest appearance in English is to be 
found in Purchas, where it is also abridged. Another version, London, 1784. An 
abridgement in Pinkerton VII, 1-21. Later editions, 2 vols., London, 1840; in 
Thomas Wright's Early Travellers in Palestine, Bohn Library, London, 1848; in 
Komroff's Contemporaries of Marco Polo, London, 1928. See below. Hebrew 
original published in 1178. A Latin translation, Antwerp, 1575. It was also in- 
cluded in various French collections. See below. 

This famous traveller set forth in 1159/60 from Tudela in Spain to traverse 
the great part of the world then known, and returned home in 1177. In addition 
to accounts of such cities as he visited in Europe, Greece, Asia Minor, Upper Asia, 
Egypt, and other African lands, he gives observations on the manners and com- 
merce of the various nations he came in contact with. But the chief object of his 
inquiries was the political situation of his fellow Jews. It has been charged that 
he only collected reports from the latter and that his work was full of absurdities 
and falsehoods. But according to Komroflf, his descriptions are quite accurate while 
his love of the marvellous invests his relation with color and romance. He named 
the principal Jews of the congregation in each city that he visited, and made notes 
of commerce and trade. The information he collected agrees in the main with 
the writings of contemporary Arabian geographers. His travel narrative, unlike 
many of the early period, is one of medieval peace and culture rather than of 
primitive force and ignorance. He may be said to be the first of medieval trav- 
ellers, for he journied farther into the eastern world than any of his predecessors. 
From Komroff's Introduction to The Contemporaries of Marco Polo 

1784 BENJAMIN OF TUDELA. The Travels of Benjamin, Son of Jonas of 
Tudela, through Europe. Asia, and Africa, from the ancient Kingdom of 
Navarre to the ancient Frontiers of China; faithfully translated from 
the original Hebrew, and illustrated with a Dissertation, and Notes 
Critical, Historical, and Geographical, in which the true Character of 
the Author and his Intentions are impartially considered, by the Rev. 
B. Gerrans. 8vo. London. 

This translation is rather indebted to the French version of Bar- 

atier (Amsterdam, 1784), whose mistakes it reproduces. Delbosc- 
Foukhe. 



GENERAL TRA VELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 81 

1840 BENJAMIN OF TUDELA. The Itinerary of Rabbi Benjamin of Tu- 
dela, translated and edited by A. Asher : Text, Bibliography, Trans- 
lation, Notes, and Essays. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1746 SIMPSON, SAMUEL. The Agreeable Historian, or Complete English 
Traveller. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

1748 BICKHAM, GEORGE. The British Monarchy, or A New Chorograph- 
ical Description of all the Dominions Subject to the King of Great 
Britain, comprehending the British Isles, the American Colonies, the 
Electoral States, the African and Indian Settlements, and enlarging 
more particularly on the respective counties of England and Wales ; 
to which are added Alphabets in all the hands made use of in this book. 
Maps and tables and other embellishments. Fol. London. 

1751 LAMBERT, (Abbe). Curious Observations upon the Manners, Cus- 

toms, Usages, Languages, Government, Mythology, Chronology, An- 
tient and Modern Geography, Ceremonies, Religion, Astronomy, Med- 
icine, Natural History, Commerce, Arts, and Sciences, of the Nations 
of Asia, Africa, and America. Translated from the French (by John 
Dunn). 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1755, and 1760. French original, Paris, 1749. 
A somewhat scarce and very interesting privately printed book, chiefly re- 
lating to the aboriginal inhabitants of America. Sabin. 

1752 An Entertaining Account of all the Countries of the known World, de- 

scribing the different Habits, Customs, ... of their Inhabitants. 15 
plates, depicting the first landing of Columbus, costumes of the Chinese 
and Tartars, etc. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1752. 

Included in this work are the discovery of the West Indies by Columbus, a 
voyage to Virginia by Col. Norwood, A voyage round the world by Anson in 
1740-44, etc. 

SALMON, THOMAS. The Universal Traveller, or a Complete Descrip- 
tion of the Several Nations of the World, . . illustrated with Charts 
and Maps, Prospects of the Sea Coast, Harbours and Towns. Cuts 
of the Habits of the several Peoples, and of the most Remarkable An- 
imals and Vegetables. Numerous folding and other copperplates. 2 
vols. Fol. London. 

1753 HOUSTON, James (M. D.). The Works of James Houston, M. D., con- 

taining Memoirs of his Life and Travels in Asia, Africa, America, 
and most parts of Europe, . , giving a particular Account of the Scot- 



82 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

tish Expedition to Darien in America, . . the Rise, Progress, and Fall 
of the Two great Trading African and South-Sea Companies ; the late 
Expedition to the Spanish West-Indies ; the Taking and Restitution of 
Cape-Breton. . . 8vo. London. 

1759-1764 MARTIN, BENJAMIN. For a Geographical and Natural History 
Description of America, Asia, etc., see the author's Miscellaneous Cor- 
respondence, under NORTH AMERICA this date. 

1763-64 The Beauties of Nature and Art displayed in a Tour through the World. 
Many engravings. 14 vols. 12mo. London. 

1766 THOMPSON, EDWARD (Lieutenant). Sailor's Letters Written to his 
Select Friends in England during his Voyages in Europe, Asia, Africa, 
and America, in 1754-59, 2 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 

Another edition in 2 vols., 12mo, London, 1767. 

1768 GOLDSMITH, OLIVER. The Present State of the British Empire in 

Europe, America, Africa, and Asia, containing a Concise Account of 
our Possessions in every Part of the Globe. 8vo. London. 

1769 POIVRE, M. LE. The Travels of a Philosopher, or, Observations on the 

Manners and Arts of various Nations in Africa and Asia. Translated 
from the French. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, 12mo, London, 1769; 12mo, Glasgow, 1770; Dublin, 1770. 
A curious and interesting little work, containing remarks on the arts and 
people of Asia, Africa, and America, Lowndes. 

1772 BRUCE, PETER HENRY. Memoirs of a Military Officer in the Ser- 
vices of Prussia, Russia, and Great Britain, with an Account of his 
Travels and several very interesting private Anecdotes of the Czar 
Peter I, of Russia. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, Dublin, 1783. 

1774 ENTICK, JOHN. The Present State of the British Empire in Europe, 
Asia, Africa, and America. Maps. 4 vols. 4to. London. 



1777 KINDERSLEY, (Mrs.). Letters from the Island of Teneriffe, Brazil, 
the Cape of Good Hope, and the East Indies. 8vo, London. 



GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 83 

1779 CARVER, JONATHAN. The New Universal Traveller, containing a 
full and distinct Account of all the Empires, Kingdoms, and States 
in the known world, delineating their Situation, Climate, Soil and Pro- 
duce, the whole intended to convey a clear Idea of the Present State of 
Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. Numerous maps, plates, views, 
etc. Fol. London. 

This compilation the widow of Captain Carver denied to be the work of her 
husband Lowndcs. It is not probable that ('apt. Jonathan Carver, the early 
patriot of Still water, Conn., had any share in this compilation. His name appears 
at large on the title-page, as above; there are separate headings to each district 
and State of North America, but no very special knowledge is exhibited by the 
writer, nor reference to Carver's adventures and travels. . . . The costume plates 
are interesting. Bookseller's Note. For his Travels through the Interior Parts 
of North America, see under 1778, NORTH AMERICA. 

1782 MACKINTOSH, WILLIAM. Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa, de- 
scribing Characters, Customs, Manners, Laws and Productions of Na- 
ture and Art, containing various Remarks on ... Great Britain and 
delineating a new System for the Government and Improvement of 
the British Settlements in the East Indies. Begun in the year 1777, 
and finished in 1781. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

For remarks on this work see Joseph Price this date below. Translated into 
French, London and Paris, 1786. See below. The original was published anony- 
mously. 

1786 (In French.) Voyages en Europe, en Asie et en Afrique, contenant la 
description des moeurs, coutumcs, loix, productions, manufactures de ces 
contrees, et 1'etat actuel des possessions angloises dans 1'Inde. Com- 
mences en 1777, et finis en 1781. Suivis des voyages du colonel Cap- 
per ; dans les Indes, au travers de 1'Kgypte et du grand desert, par 
Bassora, en 1779. Traduit de 1'anglois et accompagncs de notes sur 
1'original. 2 vols. 8vo. London and Paris. 

PRICE, JOSEPH. Some Observations and Remarks on a late Publica- 
tion entitled Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa; in which the real 
Author of this new and curious Asiatic Atlantis, his Character and 
Abilities, are fully made known to the Public. 8vo. London. 

1784 SULLIVAN, SIR RICHARD JOSEPH. Philosophical Rhapsodies, or 
Fragments, containing Observations on the Laws, Manners, Customs, 
Religion of sundry Asiatic, African, and European Nations. 3 vols. 
London. 

1788-1797 TRUSLER, JOHN. The Habitable World Described; or, the Pres- 
ent State of the People in all Parts of the Globe, shewing the Extent, 
Climate, Productions, Animals, Religion, . . of the different Kingdoms 
and States, . . including all the new Discoveries. Numerous plates. 20 
vols. 8vo. London. 



84 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

According to the D.N.B. the author was an eccentric divine, literary compiler, 
and medical empiric. He was better known for his moral interpretations of Ho- 
garth's works. 

1790 MACDONALD, JOHN. Travels in various Parts of Europe, Asia, and 

Africa, during a Series of thirty Years and upwards. London. 

Reissued in the Broadway Travellers' Series, London, 1927. See below. 

The author was a cadet of the family of Keppoch. His adventures have to 
do in the main with his services as footman to various masters until his marriage 
with a Spanish woman. They are extremely interesting for the backstairs com- 
ment on individuals and affairs. His well-turned leg seemed to exercise its tradi- 
tional fascination upon the ladies. 

1927 MACDONALD, JOHN. Travels (1745-1779). Memoirs of an 18th Cen- 
tury Footman. Edited by John Beresford. 8 plates from photographs. 
Broadway Travellers' Series. London. 

1791 Lettres sur divers endroits de 1'Europe, de 1'Asie, et de 1'Afrique, par- 

courus en 1788-89. 8vo. London. 



1792 STEWART, JOHN. Travels over the most interesting Parts of the 

Globe, to discover the Source of Moral Motion, in the year of Man's 
retrospective knowledge, by astronomical calculation 5000 (1792?). 
8vo. London. 

The works of this eccentric philosophical visionary ("Walking Stewart") 
were mostly printed for private circulation. De Quincy says, "he was a man of 
extraordinary genius. He has been generally treated by those who have spoken 
of him in print as a madman. But this is a mistake . . ." Thomas Taylor, the 
Platonist, attended Stewart's philosophical soirees. Bookseller's Note. Stewart 
had a varied career, being at one time prime minister of the Nabob of Arcot. On 
his return trip from India to England he walked a good part of the way through 
Spain and France. His longest jaunt on foot was from Calais to Vienna in 1784. 

1793 BISANI, ALEXANDER. A Picturesque Tour through Part of Europe, 

Asia, and Africa, containing many New Remarks on the Present State 
of Society, Remains of Ancient Edifices, . . Plates after "Athenian" 
Stuart's designs. 4to. London. 

1794 THUNBERG, CARL P. Travels in Europe, Africa, and Asia. Per- 

formed between the years 1770 and 1779. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

An edition including Journies into Caffraria, in 4 vols., 8vo. London, 1795. 
See under FAR EAST. 

1798 THOMSON, ALEXANDER (M. D.). Letters of a Traveller on the 
various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa, containing Sketches of 
their Manners and Customs, . . 8vo. London. 



GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS 85 

1800 MACPHERSON, CHARLES. Memoirs of his Life and Travels in 
Asia, Africa, and America; written by Himself, chiefly between 1773 
and 1790. London. 

MOORE, MORDAUNT. Sketches of Life, Characters and Manners in 
various Countries. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 



ADDENDA 

1810-1823 CLARKE, EDWARD DANIEL. Travels in various Countries of 
Europe, Asia, and Africa, 1790-1800. Maps and many plates. 6 vols. 
4to. London. 

1829 IBN BATTUTAH. The Travels of Ibn Battutah, translated from the 
abridged MS. copies preserved in the Public Library of Cambridge, 
with Notes illustrative of the History, Geography, Botany, Antiquities, 
etc., occurring throughout the work. By S. Lee. Published by the 
Oriental Translation Fund. 4to. London. 

A modern edition, London, 1929. Sec also Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 36-37, 1866. 

This traveller, \vlio was contemporary with Sir John Mandeville, began his 
travels in 1325 at the age of 21. He returned to Fez in 1353 at the command of 
the sultan then reigning. He lived until 1377-78. The history of his travels were 
committed to writing under the Sultan's orders but not by his own hand. As 
he told his story his amanuensis wrote it down adding some embellishments of 
his own. The work was finished in 1355 and was entitled "A Gift for the Ob- 
serving wherein arc set forth the Curiosities of Cities and the Wonders of Travel." 
From the Hak Soc , ser. I, vols. 36-37. This is a lively narrative and often 
entertaining. Battuta is guilty of inaccuracies at times and his account of China 
is so confusing that some of his critics have doubted whether he ever reached that 
region. Hut others have strongly upheld his veracity. He started from Tangiers, 
visited Egypt and other Moslem countries, such as Palestine, Syria, Arabia, Per- 
sia, proceeded down the coast of Africa to Quilos, then north to the Crimea and 
up the Volga, to Constantinople, back to the Crimea, and then cast through the 
intervening countries of central Asia to India, where he remained eight years, to 
Ceylon, the Malay Archipelago to China. He then returned home in 1349, only 
to set out again, this time to Spain and to Central Africa, to the Niger and Tim- 

btictoo and through the Sahara Desert back to Fez. 

His travels and adventures reveal an interesting characteristic of Moslem so- 
ciety during the Middle Ages, viz., the enterprise shown by merchants and trav- 
ellers in going such enormous distances and the facilities which their co-religion- 
ists provided for those who braved the perils of such arduous journics. Commerce 
enjoyed a high respect among the Moslems, due in part to the injunctions of the 
Koran, for Mohamet had been a merchant himself. Under these circumstances it 
is not surprising to find a very considerable mass of geographical literature in 
the Arabic languages The elaborate system of posts prevailing in the territories 
controlled by the Caliphs and the obligation to go on pilgrimages furthered such 
a performance as this of ISatttila's. From Travels in the Middle Ayes, ch. V, 
"Arab Travellers," by Sir T. W. Arnold, edited by A. P. Newton. See also this 
chapter and ch. VI, "Routes to Cathay/' by Eileen Power, for descriptions of 
other eastern travellers, Moslem and Christian. 



86 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1866 Cathay and the Way Thither, Being a Collection of medieval notices of 
China, previous to the Sixteenth Century. Translated and edited hy 
Colonel Henry Yule, R.E., C.B. With a preliminary Essay on the 
intercourse between China and the Western Nations previous to the dis- 
covery of the Cape Route. Maps. 2 vols. Hak. Soc , ser. I, vols. 36- 
37. London. 

1929 1BN BATTUTA. Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325-1354. Translated and 
selected by H. A. R. Gibb. With an Introduction and Notes. Maps and 
plates. Broadway Travellers. London. 

1878 SCHIJUTBERGER, JOHANN. The Bondage and Travels of Johann 
Schiltberger, a Native of Bavaria, in Europe, Asia, and Africa, from 
his capture at the battle of Nicopolis in 1396 to his escape and return 
to Europe in 1427. Translated by Commander John Buchan Telfer, 
R.N., F.S.A. With Notes by Professor P. Bruun, and a Preface, 
Introduction and Notes. Map. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 58. London. 

1905-1924 MUNDY, PETER. The Travels of Peter Mundy in Europe and 
Asia, 1008 1067. Edited by Lieut. -Col. Sir Richard Carnac Temple, 
Bart., C.I.E. 4 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 17, 1905; vol. 35, 1014; 
vols. 45-46, 1919; vol. 55, 1924. London. 



IV. 

Continental Europe 

1576 ROWLANDS, RICHARD. The Post of the World. Wherein is con- 
tained the Antiquities and Originall of the most famous Cities in Eu- 
rope, with their Trade. London. 

1617 MORYSON, FYNES. An Itinerary Written By Fynes Moryson. Gent. 
. . . Containing His Ten Yeeres Trauell Through the Twelve Domin- 
ions of Germany, Bohmerlarid, Sweitzerland, Netherland, Denmarke, 
Poland, Italy, Turky, France, England, Scotland, and Ireland . . . 
Woodcut maps and plans. Fol. London. 

Reprinted by MacLchose, 4 vols., 8vo., Glasgow, 1907-08 Unpublished chapters 
have appeared under the title, Shakrspcarc's Europe, London, 1903. See below The 
whole work was written originally in Latin and was made Knglish by Morjsoii 
himself. 

The first part supplies a journal of his travels through Europe, Scotland, and 
Ireland, with plans of the chief cities and full descriptions of their monuments, 
"as also the rates of hiring coaches and horses from place to place with each 
day's expenses for diet, horse-meat and the like " 1 he second part is a history 
of Tyrone's rebellion, . . The third part consists of essays on the advantage*} of 
travt-l, on the geography of the various countries of Kurope, and on the differences 
in national costume, character, icligion and constitutional practice. Moryson is a 
sober and truthful writer. He delights in statistics respecting the mileage of his 
daily journeys, and the varieties in the value of coins he encountered His de- 
scriptions of the inns in which he lodged, of the costume and the food of the 
countries he visited, render his work invaluable to the social historian. Maggs, 

No, 505. 

1903 MORYSON, FYNKS Shakespeare's Europe. Unpublished Chapters of 
Fyncs Moryson's Itinerary, Being a Survey of the Condition of Ku~ 
rope at the end of the 16th Century. With an Introduction and an 

Account of Fyncs Moryson's Career by Charles Hughes. 2 facsimiles. 
4to. London. 

1907-08 MORYSON, FYNES. An Itinerary, containing his Ten Yeeres Trav- 
ell through the Twelve Dominions of Germany, Bohmrrland, Swcitz- 
erland, Netherland, Denmarke, Poland, Italy, Turkey, France, England, 
Scotland and Ireland, now reprinted in full for the first time since its 
publication in 1617. 17 facsimiles and illustrations. 4 vols. 8vo. Glas- 
gow. 

1632 LITHGOW, WILLIAM. For travels over Europe generally see his The 
Totall Discourse of the Rare Adventures and Paine (id Peregrinations, 
under GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

1638 MAYERES, RANDULPH. His Travels, containing a true Recapitu- 
lation of all the remarkable Passages which befell in the Author's Per- 
egrinations and Voyages, in severall employments in the space of 
Forty Years. Woodcuts. 16mo. London. 

The author's "employments"' were a voyage to Ireland for Queen Elizabeth, to 
Breda, to Cales, to the Isle of Rhe r etc. ; the details are given in verse and prose. - 
Lowndes. 



88 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1670 A Review of the Characters of the principal Nations of Europe. 2 vols. 
London. 



1673 BROWNE, EDWARD (M. D.). A Brief Account of Travels in Hun- 
garia, Servia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Thessaly, Austria, Styria, Carin- 
thia, Carniola, and Friuli, through a great part of Germany and the 
Low-Countries, through Marca Trevisana, and Lombardy, on both 
sides of the Po ; with some Observations on the Gold, Silver, 
Copper, Quicksilver Mines, and the Baths and Mineral Waters in 
those Parts. Copperplates. 4to. London. 

Reprinted, 4to, London, 1679 ; collected edition with title, Travels in divers 
Parts of Europe, fol., London, 1685; sections in Harris II, 741-759, 759-764 See 
also Browne under 1676, 1836, and 1923, WEST EUROPE. Translated into 
French, Paris, 1674. See below. 

These travels extended from 1668 to 1673. The author was the son of the 
distinguished physician, Sir Thomas Browne, and like his father was also a physi- 
cian. As he had recommendations to people of the highest rank and learning, he 

had opportunities for observation superior to those of the ordinary traveller, who 
was generally in a hurry. He gives details of the manner of travelling usually 
omitted by the average man ; he describes the sights to be seen in the light of 
their historical background The workings of the Hungarian and Austrian mines 
were then practically unknown to England, as were also some of the countries 
themselves he visited. 

1674 (In French ) Relation de plusieurs voyages faits en Hongric, Serbie, Bul- 
garie, Macedoine, Thessalic, Austriche, Styrie, Carinthie, Carniole, et 
Friuli. Enrichie de plusieurs observations taut sur les mines d'or et 
d'argent, de cuivre et de vif argent quc des bains ct eaux mincrales 
qui sont dans ces pais. Traduit de Tanglois. 4to. Paris 

1680 PITT, MOSES. The English Atlas ; containing the Description of Mus- 
covy, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, and the Netherlands. 4 vols. Oxford. 

Another edition, Oxford, 1683, 

1693 Travels through Flanders, Holland, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, contain- 
ing an Account of what is most remarkable in those Countries . . . 
with necessary instructions for Travellers, and a List of Common Pas- 
sage Boats in Holland, with the Hours oi their going out, written by 
an English Gentleman who resided many Years in Holland in a Pub- 
lick Capacity. Folding plates. 12mo. London. 

This work was unknown to Watt and Lowndes. At the end is a list of the 
number of houses in each of the cities described. Bookseller's Note. 

1693-94 FERR, DE LA. Voyages and Travels over all Europe, from the 

French (of M. de la Ferr). 3 vols. 8vo. London. 



CONTINENTAL EUROPE 89 

1702 NORTHLEIGH, JOHN. Topographical Descriptions; with Historico- 
political and medico-physical Observations, made in two several Voy- 
ages through most parts of Europe. 1 plate. 8vo. London. 

The portion dealing with France reprinted in Harris II, 727-740. See under 
WEST EUROPE. 

Several Years' Travels through Portugal, Spain, Italy, Germany, Prussia, 
Sweden, Denmark, and the United Provinces. By a Gentleman. 8vo. 
London. 

1705 The Present State of Europe, or a Genealogical, Political Description of 
all the Kingdoms, States, and Principalities thereof, the Ministers, 
Archbishops, Bishops, Civil and Military Great Officers; the various 
Revolutions, . . . Published in High Dutch, 1704; and now Englished. 
To which is added, Guicciardin's Account by what means the Pope 
usurped the Temporal Power : which is expung'd out of all the Editions 
. . . printed in Roman Catholic Countries ; except the one translated out 
of Italian. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1706. 

1707 A Description of all the Seats of the Present Wars of Europe, in the 
Netherlands, Piedmont, Lombardy, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Spain, 
and Portugal ; being a particular Survey of all those Countries, setting 
forth the Situation and Distances of their Provinces, Cities, Towns, 
. . . with Historical Remarks upon the Places of Note, . . . With an 
exact Delineation of the March of the Germans from Lower Lombardy 
to Piedmont ; . . . The whole illustrated with 9 new and exact maps, 
done by Mr. Moll ; . . . With a large Alphabetical Table. Very useful 
for all that read the publick Transactions. 2nd edit. London. 

3rd edit., London, 1707. 

1714 CHANCEL, A. D. A New Journey over Europe, with Observations. 8vo. 
London. 

Another edition, London, 1717. 

Human nature interested him exceedingly, especially the Women. Of the Span- 
ish ones he writes : "They are handsome and well-shaped, witty and much given to 
gallantry." Bookseller's Note. 

1737 POLLNITZ, CHARLES-LEWIS, BARON DE. The Memoirs of 
Charles-Lewis, Baron de Pollnitz. Being the Observations he made in 
his late Travels from Prussia through Germany, Italy, France, Flan- 
ders, Holland, England, ... In Letters to his Friend. Discovering not 



90 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

only the present State of the Chief Cities and Towns, but the Char- 
acters of the Principal Persons of the Several Courts. 4 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

The same in 2 vols., London, 1737; 2nd edit., 4 vols., London, 1739; 3rd edit., 
5 vols., London, 1745. A French version, Amsterdam, 1737. See below. 

The English translator was S. Whatlcy. The work is mainly concerned with 
political matters and includes the principal German and Italian courts as well as 
those of France, Holland, and Poland. 

1737 POELLNITZ, CHARLES-LEWIS, BARON DE. Lettres et Memoires 
du Pollnitz, contenant les Observations qu'il a faites dans ses Voyages, 
et le caractere des Personnes qui composent les principales Cours de P- 
Europe. 3rd edit., Augmentee de deux Volumes, et d'une Table des 
Matiercs. 5 vols. Amsterdam. 

1743-45 POCOCKE, RICHARD. For his travels over parts of Europe see 
his Description of the East, under NEAR EAST. 

1752 CAMPBELL, JOHN. The Present State of Europe, explaining the In- 

terests, Connections, Political, and Commercial View of its Several 
Powers. 8vo. London. 

5th edit., revised, London, 1757. 

1753 Letters from several Parts of Europe and the East, 1750, ... In these are 

contained, the Writer's Observations on the Productions of Nature, 
Monuments of Art, and Manners of the Inhabitants. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

Another edition, 3 vols., London, 1788. 

1763 MONTAGUE, LADY MARY WORTLEY. For descriptions of her 
travels in Europe see her Letters written during her Travels in Eu- 
rope, Asia, and Africa, under NEAR EAST. 

1770 TOTZE, M. E. The Present State of Europe, translated from the Ger- 
man by Thomas Nugent. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

1772 MARSHALL, JOSEPH. Travels through Holland, Flanders, Germany, 
Denmark, Sweden, Lapland, Russia, the Ukraine and Poland, in the 
years 1768, 1769, and 1770. In which is particularly mentioned the 
present State of these Countries, respecting their Agriculture, Popu- 
lation, Manufactures, Commerce, the Arts, and Useful Undertakings. 
3 vols. London. 

A 4th volume was published in 1776 dealing with travels in France and Spain. 
See this date under WEST EUROPE. Another edition, London, 1792. 



CONTINENTAL EUROPE 91 

1777 WILLIAMS, J. The Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Northern 
Governments, viz., United Provinces, Denmark, Sweden, Russia, and 
Poland, or Observations on the Nature, Constitution, Religion, Laws, 
Policy, Customs, and Commerce of each Government, . . . and on the 
Circumstances and Conjunctions which have Contributed to Produce 
the Various Revolutions which have happened to them. 2 vols. 4to. 
London. 

1779 DUTENS, M. L. Itineraire des Routes les plus frequentees, ou Journal 
d'un Voyage aux Villes principals de 1'Europe, En 1768, 1769, 1770, 
et 1771. 8vo. London. 

Distances are given in English miles. The work has to do with produce, 
population, interesting features en route, etc. 

1783 The American Wanderer through various parts of Europe, in a Series of 

Letters to a Lady; interspersed with a Variety of interesting Anec- 
dotes on Virginia. 12mo. London. 

Another edition, 12mo, Dublin, 1783 (signed by a Virginian). 

1784 RANDOLPH, . Observations on the Present State of Denmark, 

Russia, and Switzerland. London. 

1787 ZIMMERMAN, E. A. W. A Political Survey of the Present State of 
Europe in Sixteen Tables. Commerce, Government, Finance, . . . 
8vo. London. 



1788 BORUWLASKI, JOSEPH. Memoirs of the celebrated Dwarf, Joseph 
Boruwlaski, a Polish Gentleman, containing a faithful and curious 
Account of his Birth, Education, Marriage, Travels and Voyages, 
written by himself, translated from the French by Mr. des Carrieres. 
8vo. London. 

A modern edition, London, 1902. See below. 

This Polish dwarf created a great stir in England (where he finally settled) 
and on the Continent of Europe because of his unusually small height of three 
feet and three inches, which was offset by wit and perfect manners. He lived 
from the proceeds of his concerts, but his pride led him to keep up the fiction 
that he did not exhibit himself for hire people merely paid a shilling to his valet 
to open the door. From D.N.B. The text is in English and French on opposite 
pages. The book closes with the pathetic statement: "My stature has irrevocably 
excluded me from the common circle of society : Nay, but fe-w people only seem 
to take notice of my being a man, an honest man, a man of feeling." Parson 
Woodforde mentions in his Diary having seen him at Norwich. 

1902 BORUWLASKI, JOSEPH. The Life and Love Letters of a Dwarf: 
being the Memoirs of the celebrated Dwarf, Joseph Boruwlaski, a Pol- 
ish Gentleman, written by himself. Edited by R. H. Heatley. Illus. 
8vo. London. 



92 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1792 ANDREWS, . Plans of the most celebrated Capital Cities of Eu- 
rope, and some remarkable Cities in the other three parts of the World ; 
with a Description of their most remarkable Buildings. ... 42 folding 
colored plans. 4to. London. 

WATKINS, THOMAS. Travels in 1787-89, through Switzerland, Italy, 
Sicily, the Greek Islands, to Constantinople; through part of Greece, 
Ragusa and the Dalmatian Isles. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit , 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1794. 

1798 HUNTER, WILLIAM. Travels in 1792, through France, Turkey, and 
Hungary, to Vienna; concluding with an Account of that City. 2nd 
edit., corrected and enlarged. Map and portrait of Selim III. 2 vols. 
London. 

1800 KARAMSIN, . Briefe eines reisenden Russen. Translated by Rich- 

ter (into German). 6 vols. Riga. 

An English translation of these letters has appeared; they are disfigured 
with a false sentimentality little to be expected from a Russian. Pinkerton XVII. 
Pinkerton gives no date for the English version. Hence 1800 as a date is prob- 
lematical. 



ADDENDA 

1926 TAFUR, PERO, Travels and Adventures, 1435 to 1439, translated from 
the Spanish, and edited with an Introduction, by Malcolm Letts. 
Broadway Travellers. London. See under NEAR EAST. 



V. 

West Europe 

1522 LANGTON, ROBERT. The Pylgrimage of M. R. Langton clerke to 
Saynt James in Compostell. London. 

Cited by Parks. Langton was a divine and a traveller. 

1549 THOMAS, WILLIAM. The Historic of Italic, a Boke excedyng prof- 
itable to be redder because it intreateth of the Astate of many and 
diuers Common Weales, how thei haue ben, and now be gouerned. 
4to. London. 

There is an edition listed without indication whether the first or second, in 
4to, London, 1561. 

This book was suppressed and publicly burnt. Lowndes. It was "formerly 
held in the highest esteem for its comprehensive account of the chief Italian states, 
All his works are remarkable for their methodical arrangement, his style is al- 
ways lucid, and his English shows much better orthography than that current at 
a later period." Quoted by Bookseller. The author was an Italian scholar and 
clerk of the council to Edward VI ; he lived much abroad, returning to England 
in 1549, where he received ecclesiastical preferments during Edward's reign only 
to lose them all as well as his life when Mary came to the throne. In 1551 he 
issued a translation of Barbaro's Voyages to the East. See under 1873 CEN- 
TRAL ASIA. 

1552 ASCHAM, ROGER. A Report and Discourse of the affaires and state 
of Germany, and the Emperor Charles, his Court, duryng certaine 
yeares (1550-52), while the said Roger was there. 4to. London. 

There are two other editions, one of 1570, and the other without date. 

This account is stated by Dr. Campbell to be one of the most delicate pieces 

of history that ever was penned in our language, evincing its author to have been 
a man as capable of shining in the cabinet as in the closet. Lowndes. 

1566 The Great Wonders that are chaunced in the Realme of Naples. Trans- 
lated out of Frenche by J. A. 8vo. London. 

1575 TURLER, JEROME. For his description of the realm of Naples see 
his The Traveller of Jerome Turler, under DIRECTIONS FOR 
TRAVELLERS. 

1579 A Discourse of ye Lowe Cuntries since Don Jhons Deathe with ye estate 
and particularities of ye last yere there. With A briefe Declaration of 
ye commynge of Duke Casimyr thither, and his honourable enterteyn- 
merit in England. London. 

So entered in the Stationers' Register. 

(93) 



94 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1586 The Historic of the Citie of Antwerpe since the Departure of Phillip 
King of Spain out of Netherland, till 1586. 4to. London. 

1588 HURAULT, MICHEL. A Discourse upon the present Estate of France, 

Translated by E. A(ggas). 4to. London. 

"A more correct translation," London, 1588; again London, 1592. 

1589 A Comparison of the English and Spanish Nation, composed by a French 

Gentleman. Translated by R(obert) A(shley). 4to. London. 

DEVIRELTX, ROBERT (Second Earl of Essex). A True Copie of a 
Discourse written by a Gentleman employed in the late Voyage oi 
Spaine and Portugale. 4to. London. 

1591 B., G., and F., A. A Discourse of the great Subtilitie and wonderful 

Wisdome of the Italians, whereby they beare Sway ouer the most 
Part of Christendome, and cunninglie behaue themselues to fetch th* 
Quintessence out of the People's Purses. By G. B. and A. F. 4to 
London. 

1592 ELIOT, JOHN. The Survey or Topographical Description of France 

with a new Mappe. . . . Collected out of sundry approved Authors 
very amply, truly and historically digested for the pleasure of those 
who desire to be thoroughly acquainted in the State of the Kingdom* 
and Dominion of France. London. 

Eliot lived a rambling life on the Continent until the assassination of Henry 
III in 1589. Pie then returned to England and took up literary hack work. 

FIGUEIRO, VASCO. The Spaniards Monarchic. Englished by H. O 
4to. London. 

1593 GUICCIARDINI, LODOVICO. The Description of the Low Coun- 

treys, . . . gathered into an Epitome (by Thomas Danett). 16mo 
London. 

Reprinted, London, 1596. 

1594 The Present State of Spaine, translated out of French (by Richard Ser- 

gier). 4to. London. 

So cited in the Short Title Catalogue. Lowndes gives the translator's name 
as Sir Lewis Lewkenor, and adds that this was a surreptitious edition, against 
which the author (in another work) warns the public. Possibly there were two 
editions the same year. The book is very rare. 



WEST EUROPE 95 

1595 PISTON, WILLIAM. The Estate of the Germaine Empire. 4to. Lon- 
don. 



HASLETON, RICHARD. The Strange and Wonderful Things hap- 
pened to Richard Hasleton, borne at Braintree in Essex, in his ten 
yeares Trauailes in many Forraine Countries. Penned as he delivered it 
from his own Mouth. Woodcuts. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Beazley II, Voyages and Travels. 

1597 The Discription or Explanacon of the Plott (map or plan) of Cadiz. Lon- 
don. 

So entered in the Stationers' Register. 

1599 A brief Discourse of the Voiage and Entrance of the Quene of Spayne into 

Italy, with the Triumphes and Pompes shewed as well in the Cities of 
Ostia, Ferrara, Mantua, Cremona, Milan, as in other Boroughes and 
Townes of Italye. Also the Report of the Voiage of the Archduke Al- 
bert into Almany (i. e., Germany). London. 

So entered in the Stationers' Register. 

1600 CONESTAGGIO, GIROLAMO. The Historic of the uniting of the 

Kingdom of Portugall to the Crowne of Castill. . . . The Description 
of Portugall, their principall Townes, . . . Translated by Edward Blunt. 
London. 



A True Description and Direction of what is most worthy to be seen in 
all Italy. London. 

In Harl Misc. XII, 73-130.- Parks. The date 1600, with a question mark, 
is given by Parks ; but in Vol. 57, ser. I, of the Hakluyt Society Series, it is 
stated that this work is undated but is later than 1584, and from internal evidence, 
it seems to have been written shortly after 1610. 

1602 SHERLEY, SIR THOMAS (the Younger). A True Journall of the 
late Voyage made by the Right worshipfull Sir Thomas Sherley the 
younger knight on the Coaste of Spaine. London. 

So entered in the Stationers' Register 

1604 DALUNGTON, SIR ROBERT. A View of Fraunce. London. 

There was a second issue of the first edition, with a slightly different title, 
London (before 1610). See below. 



% A REFERENCE GVWE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1605 (?) DALLINGTON, SIR ROBERT. A Method For Trauell. Shewe< 
By Taking The view of France. As it stoode in the yeare of oui 

Lord 1598. 2 folding plates. 4to. London. 

This very early and interesting guide-book was originally printer 
in 1604 . . and was entered in the Stationers' Register under the dat< 
of 27 March 1603 (i. e. 1604, new style). The sheets of the text wen 
later republished with the title transcribed above and the addition ol 
a preface and six leaves of directions for travellers. On a fly-leai 
at the end of the volume (i. e., of Quaritch's copy) are some note; 
by a contemporary date "The thyrd of July 1610." Though it is ex 
tremely unlikely that this issue was produced later than 1605, this not< 
affords direct evidence that it appeared before the year 1610. Ther< 

is no copy of this issue in the British Museum. Quaritch. 

DALLINGTON, SIR ROBERT. A Survey of the great Dukes State 
in Tuscany, in 1596. 4to. London. 

TACITUS. The Annales, The Description of Germanie, translated by R 
Grenewey and Henry Savile. Fol. London. 

TRESSWELL, ROBERT. A Relation of such Things as were observec 
to happen in the Journey of Charles Earle of Nottingham, Ambassa- 
dour to the King of Spain. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in flarl. Misc. Ill, and in Somers' Collection of Tracts. II. 
Lowndes. 

1607 PETIT, JOHNE FRAUNCIS LE. The History of the Lowe Cuntrie* 

conteininge first a Description of Holland, Zealand and west frezelanc 
with ye discentes, genealogies, and memorable actes of ye Erles anc 
princes . . . With a narracon of ye warres and troubles in ye 17 Prou- 
inces for 40 yeres and still contynuinge. Doune in French by Johm 
Frauncis Le Petit and Englished by Edward Grymston. London. 

So cited in the Stationers' Register. See Grimston under 1609 below. 

1608 HERBERT, EDWARD, LORD (of Cherbury). Of Travellers: Fron: 

Paris. London. 

This satiric picture of English travellers in France is in verse and is ad- 
dressed to Ben Jon son 

"Ben Jon son, travel is a second birth 
Unto the Children of another earth." 

Lord Herbert eventually became English Ambassador at Paris. He was fond 
of travelling and soldiering, and proficient in learning and the fashionable accom- 
plishments. 

1609 GRIMSTON, EDWARD. A Generall Historic of the Netherlands, with 

the Genealogie and Memorable Acts of the Earls of Holland, Zeeland 
and West Friesland, from Thierry of Aquitaine the first Earle, sue- 



WEST EUROPE 97 

cessively unto Philip III, King of Spaine, continued unto this present 
year of 1608. Numerous engraved copperplate portraits. Fol. Con- 
don. 

This is apparently the same item that is entered under Petit, 1607, above. See 

also the following item. 

GRIMSTON, EDWARD. The Low Countrey Commonwealth, conteyn- 
inge an Exact Description of the Eight United Provinces. Now made 
free. Translated out of French. 4to. London. 



1611 CORYAT, THOMAS. Coryats Crudities. Hastily gobled vp in five 
Moneths trauells in France, Sauoy, Italy, Rhetia commonly called the 
Grisons country, Heluetia alias Switzerland, some parts of high Ger- 
many, and the Netherlands ; Newly digested in the hungry aire of Od- 
combe in the County of Somerset, and now dispersed to the nourish- 
ment of the trauelling Members of this Kingdome, Portraits and cop- 
perplates. 4to. London. 

The two following titles are also connected with this work: 

Three Crvde Veincs as presented in this Booke following (besides the 
aforesaid Crvdities) no lesse flowing in the body Booke, then the 
Crvdities themselves, two of Rhetoricke and one of Poesie, first writ- 
ten in the Latine tongue by H. Kirchnervs . . . then in the posterne of 
them looke and thou shalt find the posthume Poems of the Author's 
Father (Posthvma Fragmenta Poematvm Georgii Conjatii). 

Coryats Cramb, or his colwort twise sodden, and now served with other 
Macaronicke dishes as the second course to his Crudities. 

Another edition, London, 1776, (with added matter) ; a modern reprint (the 
MacLehosc edition), 2 vols., Glasgow, 1905. See also Coryat under 1616, EAST 
INDIA. 

Notwithstanding the novelty of this strange expedition and the very large 
amount of valuable information which he had gathered in his travels, Coryat found 
it hard to get a bookseller who would undertake the publication of his Journal. . . . 
He applied therefore to every person of eminence he knew, and many whom he 
can scarcely have known at all, to write commendatory verses upon himself, his 
book, and his travels, and by his unwearied pertinacity and unblushing importunity 
contrived to get together the most extraordinary collection of testimonial which 

have ever been gathered in a single sheaf. More than sixty of the most brilliant 
and illustrious litterati of the time were among the contributors to this strange 
farrago, the wits vying with one another in their attempts to produce mock heroic 
verses, turning Coryate to solemn ridicule. Ben Jonson undertook to edit these 
amusing panegyrics, which actually fill 108 quarto pages. . . . The book seems to 
have had a large sale. In fact it was the first, and for long remained the only, 
handbook for continental travel. . . . Perhaps of no (other) book in the English 
language of the same size and of the same age is it possible to say there are not 
two perfect copies in existence. Canon Jessopp, in D N.B. ; quoted by Sotheran. 
The European travels chronicled above ended in 1608; in 1612 he resumed his 
roaming, largely again on foot, and finally reached India, where he died of a 
"flux." 



98 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1776 CORYAT, THOMAS. Crudities; reprinted from the edition of 1611. To 
which are now added, his Letters from India, . . . and Extracts relating 
to him, from various Authors : being a more particular Account of his 
Travels (mostly on foot) in different Parts of the Globe, than any 
hitherto published. Together with his Orations, Character, Death, 
. . . Plates. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

1612 FOUGASSE, THOMAS DE. The General! Historic of the Magnificent 
State of Venice. From the First Foundation thereof untill this Pres- 
ent, collected out of all Authors, both Ancient and Moderne, that have 
written of that subject, Englished by W. Shute. Portraits. Fol. 
London. 

A Short Reporte of the honorable Journey in Brabant by his excellency 
Graue Maarice lord generall of the United Netherlandishe provinces 
from the 26th of June, 1602, to the 19th of July followinge. Together 
with the takinge of Helmont and of his marchinge to the town of 
Graue. London, 

So entered in the Stationers' Register. 

1615 A Discourse of the Prosperitie of the United Provinces. 4to. London. 

SANDYS, GEORGE. For a description of Italy and the islands adjoin- 
ing see his A Relation of a Journey begun An. Dom. 1610, under 
NEAR EAST. 

1617 TAYLOR, JOHN (the Water Poet). Taylor's Travels in Germanic, or 
Three Weekes, three Daies and three Houres Observations, and Trav- 
el from London to Hamburgh. 4to. London. 

In prose, with a ludicrous dedication to Thomas Coryat. -Lowndes. 

1621 Observations concerning the present Affaires of Holland. 8vo. London. 
2nd edit., augmented, London, 1622. See below. 

1622 More excellent Observations of the Estate and Affaires of Holland. Trans- 
lated out of the Dutch Copie. 4to. London. 

This is sometimes attributed to W. Usselincx. Short Title Cat- 
alogue. 

1623 A Journal of the Voyage of Prince Frederick Henry (of Orange) from 
Prague to Luerden. 4to. London. 

A Trve Relation and lornall, of the Manner of the Arrivall, and Mag- 
nificent Entertainment, giuen to the High and Mighty Prince Charles 



WEST EUROPE 99 

(afterwards Charles I), Prince of Great Britaine, by the King of 
Spaine in his Court at Madrid. London. 

A Continvation of a former Relation concerning the Entertainment giuen 
to the Prince His Highnesse by the King of Spaine in his Court at 
Madrid. London. 

The loyfull Returne, of the Most illustrious Prince, Charles Prince of 
Great Britaine, from the Court of Spaine. Together with a Relation 
of his Magnificent Entertainment in Madrid, and on his way to St. 
Anderas, by the King of Spaine. The Royall and Princely Gifts inter- 
changebly giuen. Translated out of the Spanishe Copie. His most 
wonderfull dangers on the Seas, after his parting from thence ; Mir- 
acvlovs deliuery, and most happy-safe Landing at Portsmovth on the 
5. of October. . . . London. 

The purpose of Charles' visit to Spain was to attempt to arrange a marriage 
between himself and the Infanta Maria, but, owing to religious difficulties, the 
plan miscarried. Quaritch. 

1626 HYNDE, S. Iter Lusitanicum, or the Portugal Voyage, with what mem- 

orable Passages intervened at the Shipping and in the Transporting of 
her most Sacred Majesty Katherine Queen of Great Britain, from 
Lisbon to England. Exactly observed by him that was Eye-witness of 
the same, Who though he published this, conceals his name. 4to. 
London. 

Reprinted, Edinburgh, 1626 (?). 

OVERBURY, SIR THOMAS. His Observations in his Travailes vpon 
the State of the XVII. Provinces as they stood, A.D. 1609, the Treatie 
of Peace being then on foote. 4to. London. (15 leaves.) 

This curious tract was licensed ten years before it was published. Reprinted, 
with the addition of the State of France, 12mo, London, 1651. Reprinted in Os- 
borne I, 251-261 ; in Harl Misc.,\o\. VII. 

The author was an accomplished gentleman, who fell a victim to the resent- 
ment of Frances, the wife of Robert, Harl of Essex, for interfering with her 
amour with Robert Viscount Rochester. He was committed to the Tower and died 
there by poison, Sept. 15, 1613 His observations display much political penetration 
and varied knowledge of the countries he describes. 

OWEN, LEWIS. The Running Register Recording a True Relation of 
the State of the English Colledges, Seminaries and Cloysters in all 
forraine Parts. London. 

1627 SINCERI, JODOCI. Itinerarium Galliae . . . cum appendices de Burdi- 

gala. 12mo. London (?). 



100 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1628 DIGBY, . Voyage to the Mediterranean. London. 

No other reference to this work has come to the notice of the editor. 

1629 WADvSWORTH, JAMES. The English Spanish Pilgrime, Or, a New 

Discoverie of Spanish Popery, and lesviticall Stratagems. With the 
Estate of the English Pentioners and Fugitiues vnder the King of 
Spaines Dominions, and else where at this present. Also laying open 
the new Order of the lesuitrices and preaching Nunnes. Composed 
by James Wadsworth Gentleman, newly conuerted into his true moth- 
ers bosome, the Church of England, with the motiues why he left the 
Sea of Rome ; a late Petitioner to his Maiesty of Spaine, and nominated 
his Captaine in Flanders: Sonne to Mr. James Wadsworth, Bachelor 
of Divinity, sometime of Emanuell Colledge in the Vniversity of Cam- 
bridge, who was peruerted in the yeere 1604, and late Tutor to Donia 
Maria Infanta of Spaine. Published by Authority. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., corrected and amended, 4to, London, 1630; another edition, London, 
1650. Reprinted as Memoirs and Travels of Mr. James Wadsworth, 8vo, London, 
1674, and 1684. See below. 

Wadsworth made two visits to Spain, the first in 1600-1618 to Madrid and 
Seville; the second in 1622 to Madrid. He had a variegated career, being educated 
in Spain, taken prisoner to Algiers in 1623, becoming a government spy in England 
in 1625, and in Brussels and Paris, 1626, and a common informer against Roman- 
ists from 1630 on. From D.N.B. 

1630 WADSWORTH, JAMES. Further Observations of the English Spanish 
Pilgrime concerning Spain. 4to. London. 

1636 CROWNE, WILLIAM. A True Relation of all the Remarkable Places 

and Passages Observed in the Travels of the right honourable Thomas, 
Lord Howard, Earle of Arundell and Surrey, Primer Earle, and Earle 
Marshall of England, Ambassadour Extraordinary to his sacred Ma- 
jesty Ferdinando the second, Emperour of Germanic, Anno Domini 
1636. 4to. London. 

This book is of some importance to the medical historian, as it gives an ac- 
count of a journey in which William Harvey (who discovered the circulation of 
the blood) took part. "In the course of this journey Harvey had an opportunity 
of visiting several of the principal cities of Germany, and of making the acquain- 
tance of many of the leading medical men of the time." Robinson. A work full 
of imperfections and errors. Oldys, quoted by Lowndes. The Earl of Arundel is 
he who formed at Arundel House the first considerable art collection in England, 
later presented to Oxford University. 

1637 The Particular State of the Government of the Emperour Ferdinand the 

Second, as it was at his decease in the yeere 1636, translated out of 
Latin by R. W. Part II: The State of the Imperial-Court of the 
Emperour Ferdinand the Second: wherein is treated of all the higher 
and lower Officers; and principally of the several Jurisdictions of the 
foure Chiefe Court Officers: of Ambassadours, Residents, and Agents, 



WEST EUROPE 101 

Artificers, Tradesmen, and Musicians of the Court. Translated out of 
Latin by R. W. The 2 parts. 4to. London. 

Specially interesting for its description of Vienna (with an estimated popula- 
tion of 60,000), and the manners and customs of the court. Sotheran. 

1640 CARVE, THOMAS. Itinerarium ex Hibernia per Poloniam, Germaniam, 
et Bohemiam. Mentz. 

The modern edition, in 3 parts, London, 1859, is the only complete one. See 
below. The date 1640 and place given above are taken from Pinkerton XVII. 

The author's name was really Carue, i. e., Carew. He was an army chaplain 
in the imperial service in Germany from before 1626 to 1643. His book was pub- 
lished abroad. 

1859 CARVE, THOMAS. Itinerarium, mainly in Germany, but also the Low 
Countries, England, and Ireland, during the Thirty Years' War. Lon- 
don. 

HARSDING, S. Sicily and Naples. London. 
So cited in the Short Title Catalogue 

1645-1655 HOWELL, JAMES. Epistolae Ho-Elianae: Familiar Letters, Do- 
mestic and Forren, divided into sundry Sections, partly Historicall, 
Politicall, Philosophicall. 3rd edit., with . . . New Letters never pub- 
lished before. 8vo. London. 

The 1st vol of these letters came out in 1645; the 2nd in 1647; the 3rd in 1650; 
and the collected edition in 1655. The work "was frequently reprinted, the 10th 
edition, which is said to be the best, appearing in 1737, and the llth in 1754. A 
modern reprint of the 10th was published in 1892. See below. 

These letters relate to the reigns of James I and Charles I. They were written 
for the most part in the Fleet prison, where Howell was imprisoned as a Royalist 
from 1642 to 1651, and were generally addressed to imaginary correspondents. 
Some of the subjects were the political conditions and historical developments of 
particular countries or communities ; others were general matters of interest. How- 
ell was a great traveller; he made visits to Holland, France, and Italy, and was 
twice in Spain. He was an intimate friend of Ben Jonson's and was the first 
to hold the post of royal historiographer. 

1892 HOWELL, JAMES. The Familiar Letters of James Howell. Reprinted 
from the 10th edition of 1737. Edited by Joseph Jacobs. Numerous 
portraits inserted. London. 

1648 FELTIIAM, OWEN. A Brief Character of the Low Countries under 
the States, being Three Weeks Observations of the Vices and Virtues 
of the Inhabitants. London (?). 

This is said to be a pirated edition. That of 1652 is listed by D.N.B. as 

though it were the first published. Reprinted 1659, 1660, 1661, 1662, 1675, and 1832. 
See below. 

Feltham is better known as the author of a scries of moral essays called "Re- 
solves." 



102 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1675 FELTHAM, OWEN. Batavia : or, the Hollander Displayed. Being Three 
Weeks Observations of the Low Countries, especially Holland. In 

Brief, Characters and Observations of the People and Country, the 
Government of their State and private Families, their Virtues and 
Vices. Also a Perfect Description of the People and Country of Scot- 
land. Amsterdam. 

RAYMOND, JOvSEPH. An Itinerary contayning a Voyage made 
through Italy in the Years 1646 and 1647. Illustrated with divers fig- 
ures of Antiquities never before published. 12mo. London. 

In Hak. Sex:., ser. II, vol. 57, this work has the following title and date. 

1647 RAYMOND, JOSEPH. II Mercurio Italico, communicating a Voyage 
made through Italy in the years 1646 and 1647. London. 

1649 What Will You Have? A Calf with a White Face; or, a Relation of his 
Travailes from England into Ireland, Scotland, Poland, Holland, Am- 
sterdam, and other places, and is now newly arrived in the Citie of 
London, where he means to abide. Curious woodcut on title of a 
Cavalier, a calf with a white face, and three Puritans. 4to. London. 

1651 HO WELL, JAMES. A Survey of the Signorie of Venice, of her admired 

Policy, and Method of Government, with a Cohortation to all Christian 
Princes to resent her dangerous Condition at present. Portrait and 
frontispiece. Fol. London. 

1652 EVELYN, JOHN. The State of France as it stood in the ninth Year of 

this present Monarch, Louis XIIII. written to a Friend by J. E. 8vo. 
London. 

Evelyn was a student and a virtuoso, rich, intelligent, and an enlightened lover 
of books. During the Civil War he sided with King Charles; then he travelled 
abroad with the poet Waller, and studied anatomy at Padua. He made several visits 
to France, where he was much charmed with the attractions of the country. He is 
well known as the author of Sylra and his still more famous Diary, which, how- 
er, was not published until 1818-19. See below for the edition of 1879. 

1879 EVELYN, JOHN. Diary. Edited by H. B. Wheatley. 4 vols. London. 
The Globe edition, London, 1908. 

1654 CAMPANELLA, THOMAS. A Discourse touching the Spanish Mon- 
archy, laying down Directions and Practices whereby the King of Spain 
may attain to an Universal Monarchy, wherein also we have a Political 
Glasse, representing each particular Country, Province, Kingdom, and 
Empire of the World, newly translated into English. 4to. London. 

Tomaso Campanella aimed like his contemporary, Lord Bacon, at a reform 
of philosophy. He was charged with conspiracy against the Spanish Government 
of Naples. Bookseller's Note. 



WEST EUROPE 103 

HOWELL, JAMES. Parthenopoeia ; or, the History of the Most Notable 
and Renowned Kingdom of Naples. Portraits and cuts. Fol. Lon- 
don. 

1655 Topographia Galliae, sive Descriptio et Delineatio Famosissimorum 

locorum in potentissimo Regno Galliae ; partim ex usu et op- 
timis Scriptoribus diversarum Linguarum, partim ex Relationibus fide 
dignis per aliquot annos Collectis, in ordinem redacta et publico data, 
per Martinum Zeillerum. Numerous folding plates. 4 vols. Fol. 
London ( ?). 

This contains a fine old folding map of Paris, large folding view of Paris 
in Shakespeare's day, large folding view showing the principal churches, street 
views, Notre Dame, La Sorbonne, Bastile, Gardens, Louvre, the Seine, Chateaux, 
St. Cloud, Fontainebleau, Renncs, Bordeaux, Soissons, Troye, Dijon, etc. 

1656 HEYLYN, PETER. A Survey of the Estate of France and of some 

of the adjoyning Hands: taken in the Description of the Principal Cit- 
ies and Chief Provinces, with the Temper, Humor and Affections of 
the People Generally, and an exact Accompt of the public Government 
in reference to the Court, the Church, and the Civill State. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

The 6th book consists of the second journey, containing a survey of the Es- 
tate of the islands Guernsey and Jersey. Another issue of his work, under a dif- 
ferent title, London, 1656; 2nd edit, of this latter, London, 1657; editions with still 
other titles, London, 1673 and 1679. See below. 

His journey to France was written in a satirical vein to show that he had no 
French leanings. But the manuscript, which had been circulating from hand to 
hand, was published without his consent. Pic thereupon issued the work himself 

under the title given above. Heylyn was an ecclesiastical writer who was always 
engaged in the religious controversies of the day. He helped in the prosecution 
of Prynne for the publication of the "Histriomastrix." He also wrote works on 
geography. See under 1621, GEOGRAPHY. 

1656 HEYLYN, PETER. France painted to the Life. 8vo. London 
This is the work that was published surreptitiously 

1673 HEYLYN, PETER. A Full Relation of Two Journeys; the one into the 
Mainland of France. The other into some of the Adjacent Islands 
(Guernsey and Jersey). Performed and digested into Six Books. 
London. 

1679 HEYLYN, PETKR. The Voyage of France, or a complete Journal of 

France, with the Character of the People, and the Description of the 
principal Cities, Fortresses, Churches, Monasteries, Universities, Pal- 
aces, and Antiquities. London. 

A Relation of the Life of Christina Queen of Sweden: with Her Resig- 
nation of the Crown, Voyage to Bruxels, and Journey to Rome. Where- 
unto is added, Her Genius. Translated out of French, by I. H. Lon- 
don. 

"Her Genius" was written by Urbain Chcvreau, and the translation is attrib- 



104 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1660 The Character of Italie; or the Italian anatomiz'd. 12mo. London. 

A Relation in Form of a Journal, of the Voiage and Residence which the 
most Excellent and most Mighty Prince Charles the II. hath made in 
Holland, from the 25th of May to the 2 of June, 1060, rendered into 
English out of the original French, by Sir William Lower, Knight. 
Seven folding plates, including portrait of Charles II. Fol. London. 

French original, the Hague, 1660. See below. 

1660 Relation en forme de Journal du Voyage et Sejour que le serenissime et 
tres-puissent Prince Charles II, Roy de la Grand Bretagne, ... a 
fait en Hollandc depuis le 25 May, jusques a 2 Juin, 1660. Portrait of 
Charles II in armor and 3 plates. Fol. The Hague. 

A handsomely printed work, containing many curious particulars, 
drawn up from public documents with great care. Lowndes. 

WARCUPP, EDMUND. Italy in its Original Glory, Ruin, and Revival : 
being an Exact Survey of the whole Geography and History of that 
Famous Country, with the Adjacent Islands of Sicily, Malta, . . . and 
whatever is Remarkable in Rome (the Mistress of the World). Fron- 
tispiece and folding plates. Fol. London. 

1662 HOWELL, JAMES. La perambulacion de Espana y de Portugal ; En ub 
Discurso entre Carlos y Felipe. The perambulation of Spain and Port- 
ugal; In a Discourse 'twixt Charles and Philip: Which may serve 
for a Director How to Travel through those Countreys. London ( ?). 

1664 Rome exactly described as to the Present State of it, under Pope Alex- 
ander the Seventh in Two curious Discourses written originally in 
Italnn and translated into English, i. e., A Relation of the State of 
the Court of Rome, made in 1661 by Angelo Corraro translated by 
J. B. Gent., and A New Relation of Rome as to the government of 
the City, . . . taken out of one of the Choicest Cabinets of Rome. Fron- 
tispiece. 12mo. London. 

Elsewhere the initials of the translator arc given as J. T. 

1668 GAILHARD, J. The Present State of the Princes and Republicks of 
Italy ; with Observations on them, and useful Directions for those that 
travel thorow that Countrey. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., corrected and enlarged, with a Character of Spain, 8vo. London, 
1671. See also (iailhard under 1669 below. 



WEST EUROPE 105 

1669 AGLINSBY, WILLIAM. The Present State of the United Provinces of 
the Low Countries, as to the Government, Laws, Forces, Riches, Rev- 
enue, ... of the Dutch. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., 12mo, London, 1676. 

FINCH, HENEAGE (2nd Earl of Winchelsea). A True and Exact 
Relation of the late Prodigious Earthquake and Eruption of Mount 
Aetna, or Monte-Gibello ; as it came in a Letter written to His Majes- 
ty from Naples by the Right Hon. the Earle of Winchelsea, His Ma- 
jestie's late Ambassador to Constantinople, who in his Return from 
thence, visiting Catania in the Island of Sicily, was an Ey- Witness of 
that Dreadfull Spectacle. Together with a more particular Narrative 
of the same, as it is collected out of severall Relations sent from Cat- 
ania. Folding copperplate. 4to. London. 

Reprinted, 8vo, London, 1775. 

This is the first English account of the eruption and \* said to be remarkable 
for the vivid description it gives of the event. Sotheran. 

GAILHARD, J. The Present State of the Republick of Venice, as to 
the Government, Laws, Forces, Riches, Manners, Customes, Reve- 
nue and Territory, of that Commonwealth ; with a Relation of the pres- 
ent War in Candia. 12mo. London. 



1670 BRUNEL, ANTOINE DE, and AERSSEN, FRANCOIS VAN. A 
Journey into Spain. 8vo. London. 

A free and abridgd translation. French original, Paris, 1665. See below. 

1665 BRUNEL, ANTOINE DE, and AERSSEN, FRANCOIS VAN. Voyage 

cl'Espagnc cvricux, Historiqvc et politiqve. Fait en 1'annee 1655. Paris. 

For a fuller title see the edition of 1666 below. 

1666 BRUNEL, ANTOINE DE, and AERSSEN, FRANCOIS VAN. Voyage 

d'EspaKiie, contenant entre plusieins particularitez de ce Royaume, 
Trois Discours Politiques sur les affaires du Protectetir d'Angleterre, 
la Reine de Suede, et due dc Lorraine. Revue Corrige et Augmente 
sur le MS. Avec Une Relation de 1'estat et Gouvernment de cette Mon- 
archic ; une Relation particuliere de Madrid. Cologne. 

LASSELS, RICHARD. The Voyage of Italy; or, a Compleat Journey 
through Italy. With the Characters of the People, and the Description 
of the Chief Towns, Churches, Monasteries, Tombs, Libraries, Pal- 
laces, Villas, Gardens, Pictures, Statues and Antiquities. As also, of 
the Interest, Government, Riches, Force, ... of all the Princes, with In- 
structions concerning Travel. 2 parts in 1 vol. Frontispiece. 16mo. 
London. 



106 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Another edition, 8vo, London, 1686; and 8vo, London, 1698. The work was 
translated into French. 

The author was a Roman Catholic priest, professor of classics at Douay, "who 
travelled through Italy five times as Tutor to several of the English Nobility and 
Gentry." "The celebrated John Wilkes made me a present of this book, assuring 
me, at the time, that it is one of the best accounts of the curious things of Italy 
ever delivered to the world in any book of travels." Edward Harewood, quoted 
by Sotheran. 

The Present State of France ; containing the Orders, Dignities, and 
Charges, of that Kingdom. Written in French ; and faithfully Eng- 
lished. 12mo. London. 

1671 SANTOS, FRANCISCO DE LOS (O. H. S.). The Escurial, or a De- 

scription of that Wonder of the World, built by Philip II., and lately 
consumed by Fire, translated by a Servant of the Earl of Sandwich. 
4to. London. 

An edition (perhaps another translation), London, 1760. See below. 

The Escurial burned in 1671. The Earl of Sandwich referred to was Edward 
Montagu, who perished with his ship when it was blown up in a surprise attack by 
the Dutch in Solebay, 1672. Pepys, of Diary fame, was his secretary. 

1760 SANTOS, FRANCISCO DE LOS (Frey). A Description of the Royal 
Palace and Monastery of St. Laurence, called the Escurial, and of the 
Chapel Royal of the Pantheon, translated from the Spanish of Frey 
Francisco de los Santos, by George Thompson. Folding plates. 4to. 
London. 

1672 CLARKE, SAMUEL. A Description of the Seventeen Provinces, com- 

monly call'd the Low Countries. London. 

W., T. An Exact Survey of the LTnited Provinces of the Netherlands, of 
their Cities, Castles, Fortresses, and other of their Dominions there; 
witli some Remarques of their Government, Antiquities, and memor- 
able Actions : with an exact Map of the seventeen Provinces. Col- 
lected by T. W, 8vo. London. 

1673 RAY, JOHN (F.R.S.). Observations (Topographical, Moral, and Phys- 

iological) made in a Journey through Part of the Low Countries, Ger- 
many, Italy and France, with a Catalogue of Plants not natives of Eng- 
land found spontaneously growing in those Parts ; with a brief Account 
of Francis Willoughby, Esq., his Voyage through a great Part of 
Spain. Portrait and 3 plates. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, improved, 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1738. Reprinted in Harris II, 
641-693. See below. Vol. II of the 1738 edition contains Rauwolf s Travels in the 
Eastern Countries, with Extracts from those of other Travellers, and Catalogue of 
Plants. See also Ray under 1718 below. 

Ray gives a brief yet ingenious description of everything that he saw, and 
curiously lays before us anything that is rare. Locke, quoted by Sotheran. The 



WEST EUROPE 107 

author was the famous naturalist, known to the world of botanists for his Flora 
(1660), which is the first really systematic catalogue of the plants of a given local- 
ity. He also made a complete Flora of the British Isles (1697), which became the 
pocket companion of every botanist of Great Britain for generations. With Lin- 
naeus, he was the chief founder of the science of systematic botany. He com- 
menced his botanical tours in 1658 in company with Philip Skippon and Francis 
Willoughby, undertaking as his share of the enterprise the attempt to fit into a 

comprehensive whole the entire organic world. Wherever he went he made copious 
notes on things usually passed over by other travellers. His researches and pub- 
lications have caused him to be regarded as the father of natural history in Great 
Britain. 

1744-48 RAY, JOHN. Travels through the Law Countries, and Germany to- 
wards Italy. Interspersed with curious Observations, Natural, Topo- 
graphical, Physiological, Philological. In Harris II, 641-658. 

RAY, JOHN. The Travels of the Reverend John Ray through the Domin- 
ions of the State of Venice, Lombardy, Tuscany, Kingdom of Naples, 
Islands of Sicilly and Malta, the Ecclesiastical States, Bishoprick of 
Trent, the Country of the Grisons, Switzerland, . . . Interspersed 
throughout with Historical, Political, Philosophical, Physical, and Mor- 
al Reflections, together with an Account of the Abundance of Curios- 
ities seen and examined in the Course of the Author's Voyages and 
Travels, and many other entertaining and instructive Particulars. In 
Harris II, 658-693. 

TEMPLE, SIR WILLIAM. Observations of the United Provinces of 
the Netherlands. London. 

Many subsequent editions, the 7th appearing in 12mo, corrected and enlarged, 
London, 1705. In his Works, 2 vols., fol., 1720; and Works, 4 vols., 8vo, London, 
1770. 

The author was the well known statesman who brought about the marriage of 
William of Orange and Mary, the instigator of the quarrel in England over An- 
cient and Modern Learning, and the patron of Swift, who wrote his "Battle of the 
Books" in behalf of the Ancients. 



WILLOUGHBY, FRANCIS. A Brief Account of Francis Willoughby, 
Esq., through the Kingdom of Spain. See Ray above, in whose work 
this account is extant. 

Reprinted in the 2nd edit, of Ray, 1738; abridged in Harris II, 694-705; 
705-714. See below. 

1744-48 WILLOUGHBY, FRANCIS. The Travels of Francis Willoughby, 
Esq., through the Kingdom of Spain; with Observations on the Climate 
and Soil, as well as Produce of the Country ; Accounts of Natural Cur- 
iosities, remarkable Inscriptions, principal Commodities and Manufac- 
tures, and of the Temper, Genius and Customs of the Spanish Nation. 
Interspersed with Remarks by another Hand In Harris II, 694-705. 

WILLOUGHBY, FRANCIS. Travels through Portugal and Spain, with 
a distinct Description of the principal Cities in both Kingdoms; par- 
ticularly Lisbon, Coimbra, Porto, and Braga, in the former; Madrid, 
Valentia, Alicant, ... in the latter : with a curious and correct Detail of 
the Curiosities in the Escurial, and a succinct Description of the other 
Royal Palaces of their Catholick Majesties By an English Gentleman. 
In Harris II, 705-714. 

Willoughby parted from Ray to make this visit to Spain. Up to 
this time there were not many accounts of this country. But the dis- 



108 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

courses of Charles II on his travels in Spain excited the desire of 
Knglishmen to see for themselves the land and people of the Spanish 

peninsula, and thus gradually the prevailing dislike and contempt for 
things Spanish were dissolved. 

WILSON, ELIAS. vStrange and Wonderful News from Italy, or a True 
and impartial Relation of the Travels, Adventures, and Martyrdome of 
four eminent Quakers of York-shire, who in 1672 travelled through 
France, Italy, and Turkey to propagate their Religion, also of their 
Voyage to Constantinople, and of their most barbarous, cruel and 
bloody death, related by Elias Wilson. 4to. London. 

W., F. News from the Channel : or, the Discovery and perfect Descrip- 
tion of the Isle of Serke. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Harl. Misc. III. 

1674 BOCCO, PAULUS. Icones et Descriptions rariorum Plantarum Sici- 
liae, Malitae, Galliae et Italiae. 4to. Oxford. 

A Discourse of the Dukedom of Modena ; containing the Origins, Antiqui- 
ty, Government, Manners, and Qualities, of the People : As also the 
temperature of the Climate, with the Nature and fertility of the Soil. 
4to. London. 

1676 BROWNE, EDWARD (M.D.). An Account of several Travels through 
a great Part of Germany. In four Journeys. I. From Norwich to 
Colen. II. Colen to Vienna, with a particular Description of that Im- 
perial City. III. From Vienna to Hamburg. IV. From Colan to Lon- 
don. Wherein the Mines, Baths, and Other Curiosities of those Parts 
are treated of. Illustrated with Sculptures. (Being a Continuation of 
a former Book of Travels.) 4to. London. 

See Browne under 1673, CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 

CLENCHE, JOHN. A Tour in France and Italy made by an English 
Gentleman (J. C), 1675-76. London. 

Reprinted in Osborne I, 408-474. 

This work aims to inform the traveller what he may expect to see on his way 
from Dieppe to Venice, in the way of buildings, religion, revenue, trade, and other 
various matters of interest The author gives especial attention to Rome, with its 
churches, relics, monuments of antiquity, palaces, villas, etc. 

DU-MAY, L. The Estate of the Empire, or, An Abridgement of the 
Laws and Government of Germany, now faithfully rendered into Eng- 
lish. 8vo. London. 



WllST EUROPE 109 

SAMBER, ROBERT. Roma Illustrata, or a Description of the most 
beautiful Pieces of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture at and near 
Rome. Fol. London. 

1678 The Painter's Voyage of Italy. In which, all the famous Paintings of the 

most eminent Masters are particularised, as they are preserved in the 
several Cities of Italy; chiefly relating to their Altar-pieces, and such 
other Paintings as are ornamental in their Churches. And also many 
choice Pictures, kept as Jewels, in the Palaces of particular Persons. 
Whereunto is added, That exact Collection of Signior Septale, in his 
Closet at Milan. Illustrated with the Heads of some of the most re- 
nowned Painters. (Translated from the Italian) By William Lodge. 
8vo. London. 

1679 Popery and Tyranny, or, The Present State of France, in relation to its 

Government, Trade, Manner of the People, and Nature of the Coun- 
try. In a lyetter from an English Gentleman abroad to his Friend in 
London. 4to. London. 

1681 The Present State of Geneva ; with a brief Description of that City, 
and several Changes and Alterations it hath been subject to, from the 
first Foundation thereof until this present year 1681. 8vo. London. 

1683 A Description of the City of Vienna, in its ancient and present State; with 
an exact and compleat Account of the Siege thereof. (In one sheet.) 
London. 

PONTIER, G. A new Survey of the present State of Europe; containing 
Remarks upon several Sovereign and Republican States, as Italy, 
France, Lorrain, Germany, Spain, . . . With Memoirs Historical, 
Chronological, Topographical, Hydrographical, Political, . . . brought 
down to the Year 1683, by R. Pontier, chief Prothonitor of Rome. 
Translated by W. Beaumont. 8vo. London. 

The Present State of the German and Turkish Empires, with Remarks 
thereupon ; as also some Reflections on the Interest of the Christian 
Princes ; with Memoirs of the Siege of Vienna, by an eminent Officer 
in that City. With a true Account of the great success of the Christian 
Forces in taking Barkan, Gran, . . . Also an historical preface of the 
Rise and Growth of the Turkish Empire. London. 

For other accounts of (he siege of Vienna see from 1683 on, under MILI- 
TARY EXPEDITIONS. 



110 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

SALGADO, JAMES. A Description of the Plaza, or Market-Race of 
Madrid, and the Bull-baiting there. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Harl. Misc VII. 

The author was a Spanish priest who had turned Protestant. 

1684 SALGADO, JAMES. The Manners and Customs of the principal Na- 
tions of Europe (in Latin and English). Fol. London. 

This tract, consisting of 14 pages, displays great discrimination of character 
in the various manners and peculiarities of the German, Englishman, Frenchman, 
Italian and Spaniard. Lowndes. 

1686 BURNET, GILBERT. Some Letters, containing an Account of what 
seemed most remarkable in travelling through Switzerland, Italy and 
Parts of Germany, . . . 1685-86. Written by G. Burnet, D.D., to the 
Honble. R(obert) B(oyle). 8vo. Rotterdam. 

2nd edit, corrected and altered, 8vo, Rotterdam, 1687; a Supplement to the 
same, 8vo, Rotterdam, 1688; 12mo, London, 1689; London, 1708; 8vo, with 
an Appendix, London, 1724; in Harris II, 590-640; London, 1750 and 1758. Trans- 
lated into French, Rotterdam, 1687. See below. 

The author was the 51st bishop of Sarum, probably better known for his His- 
tory of his Own Times (1723-1734). He met with many ups and downs in his 
ecclesiastical career, being in and out of favor with Charles II, James II, and 
William III. 

1687 BURNET, GILBERT. Some Letters, Containing an Account of what 

seemed most Remarkable in Travelling through Switzerland, Some 
Parts of Germany, ... in the years 1685 and 1686. Written by G. Bur- 
net, D.D., to the Hon. R(obert) B(oyle). The 2nd edition, Corrected 
and Altered in some places by the Author. To which is added, an Ap- 
pendix, containing some Remarks on Switzerland and Italy, writ by a 
Person of Quality, and communicated to the Author. Together with a 
Table of Contents of each Letter. 8vo. Rotterdam. 

At the close of the preliminary matter of this edition is the follow- 
ing note : "The Printing of the First Edition . . . falling into the hands 
of such workmen, as did not understand the English, and the Author, 
living at distance from the Press, there Hap'ned so many and great 
Faults in it, as marr'd the sence in divers places ; which are all well 
corrected in this Edition, by the Care of an Englishman. . . ." Quoted 
by Quaritch. Concerning the work as a whole Lowndes remarks : "This 
curious and entertaining narrative surpasses everything in its kind ex- 
tant, in the style, sentiments, matter, and method. The observations 
upon the corruptions and impostures of popery will afford pleasure to 
every consistent Protestant." 

1688 BURNET, GILBERT. Three Letters concerning the Present State of 

Italy, written in the year 1687 (by Gilbert Burnet). I. Relating to the 
Affair of Molinos, and the Quietists. II. Relating to the Inquisition, 
and the State of Religion. III. Relating to the Policy and Interests of 
. . . the State of Italy. Being a Supplement to Dr. Burnet's Let- 
ters. 8vo. Rotterdam. 

1689 BURNET, GILBERT. Travels in Two Volumes. I. Containing his Trav- 

els into Switzerland, Italy, and Germany, with an Appendix; Animad- 
versions on the "Reflections" upon the Travels; three Letters of the 
Quietists, Inquisition, and State of Italy. II. His Translation of Lanc- 

tantius, ... 2 vols. 12rno. London. 



WEST EUROPE 111 

1687 (In French.) Voyage de Suisse, d'ltalie, et de quelques cndroits d'Alle- 
magne et de France en 1685-86. Rotterdam. 

A New Description of Paris ; Containing a particular Account of all the 
Churches, Palaces, Monasteries, Colleclges, Hospitals, Libraries, Cab- 
inets of Rarities, Academies, Paintings, Medals, Statues and other 
Sculptures, Monuments, and publick Inscriptions. With all other re- 
markable matters of that great and famous City. Translated out of 
French. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., with map added, 12mo, London, 1688; reprinted, London, 1698. 

The Present State of Hungary, or, A Geographical and Historical Descrip- 
tion of that Kingdom : giving an Account of the Nature of the Coun- 
try, Inhabitants, Governments, Policy, Religion, and Laws ; its Division 
of its Towns, Castles, Rivers, Lakes, Mountains, Product, Mines, Min- 
erals, and other Rarities ; with the memorable Battels and Sieges. To 
which is added, A Short Account of Transylvania. 12mo. London. 

1687 SPON, ISAAC. The History of the State and City of Geneva, from its 

first Foundation to this present Time. Faithfully collected from several 
Manuscripts of Jacobus, Gothofredus, Monsieur Chorier, and others. 
Fol. London. 

For other works of Spon see Whcler and Spon under 1682, NEAR EAST. 

WOLLEY, R. The Present State of France, containing a General De- 
scription of that Kingdom, translated from the latest Edition of the 
French, with Additional Observations and Remarks of the New Com- 
piler and Digested into a Method Conformable to that of the State of 
England. 8vo. London. 

Wolley was a hack writer for John Dun ton the bookseller, and seemingly has 
done here a typical piece of hack work. 

1688 CARR, WILLIAM. Remarks of the Government of several Parts of 

Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, Hambourg, Lubeck, and Hanseatic 
Towns ; but more particularly of the United Provinces ; with some few 
Directions how to travel in the States' Dominions. Together 
with a List of the most considerable Cities in Europe ; with the num- 
ber of Houses in each City. 8vo. Amsterdam and London. 

Another edition, London, 1690. 

Carr was the "Late Consul for the English Nation at Amsterdam." From the 
title. 



112 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

A True and Exact Relation of the most dreadful Earthquake which hap- 
pened in the City of Naples, . . . June 5th, 1688. Whereby about forty 
Cities and Villages were either wholly ruin'd or extreamly damnified; 
Eight thousand Persons destroyed, . . . Translated (by J. P.) from the 
Italian Copy, by an Eye-witness of those miserable Ruins. 4to. Lon- 
don. (27 pp.) 

1689 A Modern View of such parts of Europe that have lately been, and still 

are, the places of great Transactions, viz., Italy, with all its particulars ; 
France, with all Provinces and Bishopricks ; Germany, with the Duke- 
dom of Lorraine, and all the Electorates and Lordships of the Empire; 
Spain, with all its Dominions, . . . wherein is shewed the present State 
of all those Countries ; with curious Remarks of Antiquity interwoven. 
8vo. London. 

WHITTIE, J. An Exact Diary of the late Expedition of the Prince of 
Orange from his Palace at the Hague to his landing at Torbay, and 
from thence to Whitehall. Folding map. 4to. London. 

1690 The Present State of Germany, or, An Account of the Extent, Rise, Form, 

Wealth, Strength, Weaknesses and Interests, of that Empire. The Pre- 
rogatives of the Emperour; and the Privileges of the Electors, Princes, 
and free Cities. Adapted to the present Circumstances of that Nation. 
By a Person of Quality. 4to. London. 

STRUTTON, RICHARD. A True Relation of the Cruelties and Bar- 
barities of the French upon the English Prisoners of War ; being a 
Journal of their Travels from Dinan in Britany to Thoulon, and back 
again. With a Description of the Situation and Fortifications of all 
the eminent Towns on the road; of their Prisons and Hospitals; the 
numbers and names of them that died ; with the Charity and Sufferings 
of the Protestants (by "an Eye-witness"). 4to. London. 

1691 An Accurate Description of the United Netherlands ; and of the most con- 

siderable parts of Germany, Sweden, and Denmark. Containing a 
succinct Account of what is most remarkable in those Countries, and 
necessary Instructions for Travellers ; together with, An exact Relation 
of the Entertainment of his most Sacred Majesty, King William, at 
the Hague. Illus. with figures. 8vo. London. 

See 1725 below, Trwcls through f' landers. 



WEST EUROPE 113 

ACTON, WILLIAM. A New Journal of Italy; containing what is most 
remarkable of the Antiquities of Rome, Savoy, Naples: with Obser- 
vations on the Strengths, Beauty, and Scituation, of the other Towns 
and Forts in Italy, and the Distances ; together with the best Painting, 
Carving, Limning, and other both natural and artificial Curiosities, 
taken notice of by William Acton. 12mo. London. 

1691 D'AULNOY, MARIE-CATHERINE (Countess of). The Ingenious 
and Diverting Letters of the Lady 's Travels into Spain ; describ- 
ing the Devotions, Nunneries, Humours, Customs, Law, Militia, Trade, 
Diet, and Recreations, of that People, in several Letters. Intermixt 
with Great Variety of Modern Adventures, and surprising Accidents: 
Being the Truest and Best Remarks Extant, on that Court and Coun- 
try. 8vo. London. 

Frequently reissued. Foulche-Delbosc lists some 16 editions before 1800. 2nd 
edit., 3 parts in 1 vol., 12mo, London, 1692; 4th edit., complete in 3 parts, 8vo, 
1697; 7th edit., with an Additional Letter concerning the State of Spain in 1700, 
by an English Gentleman, 8vo, 1708; 12th edit., 2 vols., with additional matter, 
12mo, 1774; modern reprint edited by Foulche-Delbosc, London, 1930. The French 
original, Paris, 1691. See below. 

The name is variously spelled, viz., D'Aulnoy, D'Aunoy, Dunois, and Danois. 
In Arbcr, Term Catalogues, III, Nov. 1698, there is an item purporting to be the 
Life of Countess Dunois. See below. 

1698 The Life of the Countess Dunois, Author of the Ladies Travels into Spain. 
Written by herself, by way of Answer to Mon. Saint Evremond; con- 
taining withal a Modest Vindication of the Female Sex, . . . Made Eng- 
lish from the Original. 8vo. London. 

This was really written by the Countess Henriette J. de Murat. 
Arbcr. 

1701 D'AULNOY, MARIE-CATHERINE JUMELLE DE BERNEVILLE, 
COMTESSE. Memoirs of the present State of the Court and Council 
of Spain . . . done into English by T. Brown. 8vo. London. 

1740 D'AULNOY, MARIE-CATHERINE. A Brief Account of Spain: with 
a general View of the Nature and Manners of the Spaniards. Being a 
Collection of several Curious Particulars relating to that People. In 
Four Letters. 8vo. London. 

1774 D'AULNOY, MARIE-CATHERINE. The Lady's Travels into Spain, or, 
A Genuine Relation of the Religion, Laws, Commerce, Customs, and 
Manners of that Country. Written by the Countess of Danois, in a 
Series of Letters to a Friend at Paris. A new Edition, Improved. To 
which is added, A Description of the present King of Spain, his Man- 
ner of Living; the Characters of his Ministers, and other Officers of the 
Court of Spain, . . . With Instructions how to travel in Spain, and an 
Accurate Account of the Roads of that Country. 2 vols. 12mo. Lon- 
don. 

The three appendices in vol. II consists of extracts from Baretti's 
Travels. Foulche-Delbosc. 



114 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1930 D'AULNOY, MADAME. Travels into Spain, being the Ingenious and Di- 
verting Letters of the Lady. Translated in the year of its publication 
1691, and now published with an Introduction and Notes by R. Foulche- 
Delbosc. Broadway Travellers. 8vo. London. 

1691 D'AULNOY, MARIE-CATHERINE. Relation du Voyage d'Espagne, 
3 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

Many subsequent editions in French and translations into other lan- 
guages. 

EACHARD, LAURENCE. The Duke of Savoy s Dominions most accur- 
ately described; with some adjacent parts, shewing the Bounds, Di- 
mensions, Rivers, Riches, Strength, Religions there practiced, Lan- 
guages, Dioceses, Universities ; the Scituation of the principal Towns, 
their Distances; also a Table of all the Towns here mentioned. Neces- 
sary for understanding these Wars. London. 

EACHARD, LAURENCE. Flanders, or the Spanish Netherlands de- 
scribed; shewing the several Provinces, their Bounds, Dimensions, 
Rivers, Riches, Strength, Traffick, Religion, Languages, Dioceses, Uni- 
versities, and a large Description of the Cities; with a useful Index 
of all the Cities, Towns, Ports, Rivers, ... so as it may serve for a 
Geographical Dictionary. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, with a map of the ten provinces, London, 1692; 12mo, London, 1693. 

EMILIANE, GABRIEL D'. Observations on a Journey to Naples; 
wherein the Frauds of Romish Monks and Priests are further discov- 
ered. By the Author of a late Book entituled, "The Frauds of Rom- 
ish Monks and Priests." 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1692; in 2 vols., London, 1704. A French version, 2 vols., 
Rotterdam, 1727. See below. 

The real name of the author was Antonio Gavin. He studied in Spain, but 
having hecome a Protestant, he fled to England. His Master-Key to Popery, full 
of "mendacious revelations," apeared in Ireland, 1724. 

1727 (In French,) Voyage en Italic, 2 vols. Rotterdam. 
Augmented to 3 vols., London, 1727. 

A Late Voyage to Holland, with brief Relations of the Transactions at 
the Hague : also Remarks on the Manners and Customs, Nature and 
Comical Humours of the People . . . Written by an English Gentleman, 
attending the Court of the King of Great Britain. In Harl Misc. II. 
London. 



WEST EUROPE 115 

1692 BROMLEY, WILLIAM. Remarks made in Travels through France and 

Italy. With many Publick Inscriptions. Lately taken by a Person of 
Quality. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1705. 

The first edition was bought up by Bromley's political opponents and reissued 

in 1705, with the addition of a burlesque table of contents. Lowndes. Bromley 
was then a candidate for the office of Speaker of the House of Commons. He won 
to this position in 1710, and in 1713-14 he became Secretary of State. See Hearne's 
Reliquiae Hcarnianae I, 46-47. For further tours see under 1702 below. 

Relation of a Journey to Spain. London. 
So cited in Pinker ton XVII. 

S., J. A Description of France in its several Governments; together with 
the most Considerable Cities, Sea-ports, and Rivers of that Kingdom ; 
as also the Distances, with the Longitudes and Latitudes of each Place, 
. . . by J. S. Folding map. 12mo. London. 

1693 The Second Volume of Historical Voyages and Travels over Europe ; con- 

taining all that is most curious in Spain and Portugal. Done out of 
French. London. 

It is stated that the first volume deals with France but the title has not come 
to the notice of the editor. 



1694 LA CROZE, JEAN CORNANN DE. An Historical and Geographical 

Description of France; shewing its Government both in Church and 
State, Policy, Strength, Riches and Revenues, both in its Prosperity 
and during the War; Power of the Parliaments, State of the Nobility, 
. . . The Description of its Climate, Rivers, Lakes, Mountains, Sea- 
Ports, and other Towns and places; with their distances from each 
other. Necessary for the right Understanding of the present Affairs 
of that Kingdom. 12mo. London. 

The Third Volume of Historical Travels over Europe ; containing the most 
select Curiosities of Italy; the various Constitutions of Government 
under several Sovereign Princes and States; their Strength, Riches 
and Revenues ; the Customs, Manners, Coyns, and Trade of the Peo- 
ple. Together with a particular Description of the City of Rome, the 
Conclave, the Election of the Pope and Promotion of the Cardinal ; 
accompanyed with a great number of Remarks never before imparted 
to the World. Done out of French. 12mo. London. 



116 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1695 LE VASSOR, MICHEL. Letters written by a French Gentleman, giving 
a Faithful and Particular Account of the Transactions of the Court of 
France relating to the Publick Interest of Europe: with Historical 
and Political Reflections on the Ancient and Present State of that 
Kingdom. London. 

MISSON, MAXIMILIAN. A New Voyage to Italy, with a Description 
of the Chief Towns, Churches, Tombs, Libraries, Palaces, Statues, and 
Antiquities of that Country, together with useful Instructions for those 
who shall travel thither. Done into English. Numerous folding and 
other plates of views, costume figures, etc. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., enlarged above one-third, 2 vols., London, 1699 (the succeeding is- 
sues contained the additions) ; 4th edit., 4 vols., 8vo, London, 1714; in 8vo, Lon- 
don, 1739; in Harris II, 521-590. French original, the Hague, 1691, with many 
subsequent repriritings. See below. 

This work was highly praised by Addison. It was the first general account of 
Italy that had appeared of its kind, but it has been charged with errors and prej- 
udices. Pinkerton (XVII) says, "At the time these travels appeared, they were 
in great request, . . . They are, however, out of date at present, besides being 
replete with the grossest misrepresentations of the religious state of Italy." These 
travels were made in 1687 and 1688. Misson was tutor to the Earl of Arran and 
travelled as well with several other noblemen and gentlemen. He is better known 
for his account of England as he saw it in Queen Anne's day. 

1699 MISSON, MAXIMILIAN. A New Voyage to Italy, with Curious Ob- 
servations on several other Countries as Germany, Switzerland, Savoy, 
Geneva, Flanders and Holland. Together with useful Instructions for 
those that shall travel thither. Done out of French. 2 vols. London. 

1744-48 MISSON, MAXIMILIAN. The Travels of Mr. Maximilian Misson 
through Part of Holland, the Spanish Low Countries, Germany, Tyrol, 
and the Bishoprick of Trent, on his Way to Italy, containing a distinct 
Account of whatever appeared to him remarkable in the Places through 
which he passed, together with Political, Historical, and Critical Re- 
marks upon Persons and Things, as he has Occasion to mention them. 
The Greater Part of Italy to his Departure out of Italy. In Harris II, 
521-590. 

1691 MISSON, MAXIMILIAN. Nouyeau Voyage en Italic; avec une Mem- 
oire, contenant des avis utiles a ceux qui voudront faire le meme Voy- 
age. Avec figures. The Hague. 

PENN, WILLIAM. An Account of William Penn's Travails in Holland 
and Germany, Anno MDCLXXVI. For the Service of the Gospel of 
Christ, by way of Journal. London. 

A 2nd impression, London, 1695, Corrected by the Author's own Copy, with 
Answers to some of the Letters, not before Printed. Maggs, No. 580. 

16% DU MONT, SIEUR JEAN. For an account of some things in Germany, 
France, Italy, and Malta see his A New Voyage to the Levant, under 
NEAR EAST. 



WEST EUROPE 117 

The Fourth Volume of Historical Travels over Europe ; containing a De- 
scription of Holland and the rest of the United Provinces ; the Grounds 
of their Union, and altering their Religion; also their Growth under 
the House of Orange; their Government, Laws, Religion, Policy, 
Strength, Trade, Fishing, and Bank ; with a particular Account of 
Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Hague, . . . Done out of French. London. 

KENNETT, BASIL. Romae Antiquae Notitia : or the Antiquities 
of Rome, I : Rise, Progress, and Decay of the Commonwealth, II : 
Description of the City. London. 

2nd edit., with large additions, London, 1699 ; 13th edit., 8vo, London, 1763 ; 
15th, Bvo, London, 1776. Sec below. 

The author was the first chaplain of the English Factory at Leghorn, where 
he was bothered by the Inquisition. Sotheran. Later he became president of 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He did considerable miscellaneous writing and 
translating. 

1763 KENNETT, BASIL. Romae Antiquae Notitia, or the Antiquities of Rome: 
Short History of the Rise, Progress, and Decay of the Commonwealth ; 
Description of the City, Account of Religion, Government, War, Cus- 
toms, . . . with Essays on Learning and Education. Views of principal 
buildings, etc. 8vo. London. 

MOUNTAGUE, WILLIAM. The Delights of Holland, or a Three 
Months Travel about that and the other Provinces, with Observations 
and Reflections on their Trade, Wealth, Strength, Beauty, Policy, . . . 
together with a Catalogue of the Rarities in the Anatomical School at 
Leyden. 8vo. London. 

PATIN, CHARLES (M. D.). Travels through Germany, Bohemia, 
Swisserland, Holland, and other parts of Europe, . . . Made English 
and illustrated with copper cuts and a map. Portrait by Van der Gucht. 
London. 

Reprinted, London, 1697. French original, Paris (?), 1673. 

For those who are curious in medals this piece will be most acceptable ; yet 
this does not lessen the value of the descriptions and other relations. Churchill, 
Introduction. Patin was a French physician and numismatic. He was more fa- 
mous for his work in the latter profession than in the former. 

1698 FARIA Y SOUSA, MANUAL. The History of Portugal from the first 
Ages of the World to the Year 1640. Continued down to the Year 
1698 by Capt. John Stevens. 8vo. London. 

Faria is considered one of the most celebrated historians and poets of Port- 
ugal. Lowndcs. See also Faria under 1695, EAST INDIES. 

A Trip to Holland ; being a Description of the Country, People, and Man- 
ners ; as also some select Observations on Amsterdam. London. 



118 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

An Answer to a late ill-natured Libel, call'd A Trip to Holland; being a 
real Description of the Country; the Bravery, Wisdom, and Industry, 
of its Inhabitants ; and the several Vertues which have their Growth 
and Encouragement in the Seven United Provinces. By a Dutch Mer- 
chant. London. 

1699 DORINGTON, C. Observations concerning the present State of Re- 
ligion in the Romish Church, with some Reflections upon it ; made in a 
Journey through some Provinces of Germany. London. 

HARRIS, W. (Dr.). A Description of the King's Palace and Gardens 
at Loo ; with a Short Account of Holland ; in which are some Obser- 
vations relating to their Diseases. London. 

Harris was physician-in-ordinary to William III. 

LISTER, MARTIN, (Dr.). A Journey to Paris in 1690. 6 plates. 8vo. 
London. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton IV, 1-76; another edition, edited by G. Henning, Lon- 
don, 1823. Translated into French by E. de Sermizelles, Paris, 1873, A satire upon 
the book appeared at London, 1699, bound up with the original. See this date below 
under A Succinct Description, etc. 

This work contains learned observations on Science, Art, and Natural History, 
with interesting descriptions of the houses and people the author visited, their 
libraries, gardens, collections, etc., besides the manners and conditions of the 
French people. Sotheran. Lister, who was a physician, passed six months in 
Paris in 1696. Being an acute and interested observer, he took particular notice 
of the way people lived. He met many famous men, among them Le Notre the 
architect of Versailles, Readers who remember Moliere's strictures on the med- 
ical profession of Paris will find here a defense of the apothecaries and doctors, 
besides a good word for the hygienic conditions of the French capital. 

MARIANO, JOHN DE. The General History of Spain, from the first 
peopling of it by Tubal till the Death of King Philipp III. To which 
are added Two Supplements . . . the whole translated from the Spanish 
by Capt. John Stevens. Fol. London. 

Spanish original, Toledo, 1601. See below. 

Another notice of the book has "translated from the Spanish of Ferdinand 
y Salcedo." The work is of considerable American interest, as it contains: The 
Discoveries and Conquests of the Spaniards in the West Indies ; Controversies be- 
twixt the Crowns of Spain and Portugal concerning their Discoveries; the Sending 
of Vasco da Gama to Discover the India Sea ; Death of Christopher Columbus, 
etc. Bookseller's Note. 

1601 MARIANO, JUAN DE. Historia general de Espafia. Toledo. 

A Succinct Description of France ; wherein is a Character of the People ; 
their Religion, Customs, ... of that Kingdom. Writ by a Gentleman 
now Travelling there, to his Friend in England. Dedicated to that Emi- 
nent and Learn'd Physitian, Dr. Martin Lister; and may serve as a 
Supplement to his Journey to Paris. 8vo. London. 



WEST EUROPE 119 

1700 A Pilgrimage to the Grand Jubilee at Rome in the Year 1700, by an English 

Gentleman lately return'd from thence. As also, The English Nun, 
or a Comical Description of a Nunnery ; . . . London. 

The first part was reprinted, London, 1701. 

1701 A Short Account of and Character of Spain: in a Letter from an Eng- 

lish Gentleman now residing at Madrid to his Friend in London. 

The letter is signed C. T. Foulche-Delbosc. 

VERYARD, ELLIS (M.D.). For a journey through the Low Countries, 
France, Italy and Part of Spain see his An Account of divers Choice 
Remarks, Geographical, etc., under NEAR EAST. 

A View of Paris and Places adjoining, with an Account of the Court of 
France and of the late King James, to which is added, the Present 
Posture of Affairs in that Kingdom, . . . written by a Gentleman lately 
residing at the English Ambassador's at Paris. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1706. 

1702 BROMLEY, WILLIAM. Several Years Travels through Portugal, 

Spain, Italy, Germany, Prussia, Sweden, Denmark, and the United 
Provinces. Performed by a Gentleman. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in the 1705 edition of Harris II, 762-783; an abridged version of 
the travels in the Spanish and Portuguese regions in Harris II, 706-714, 1744-48 

edition. 

A Curious Survey of France ; describing their Government, Laws, Religion, 
Policy, and Strength; their Customs, Manners, Riches, . . . with a 
particular Description of Provence, Dauphine, Languedoc, Gascoigne, 
Lions, Burgundy, Berry, Anjou, Britain, Normandy, . . . Map of the 
whole country. 12mo. London. 

FANSHAW, SIR RICHARD. Original Letters of his Excellency Sir 
Richard Fanshaw, during his Embassies in Spain and Portugal : which, 
together with divers Letters and Answers from the Chief Ministers 
of State of England, Spain and Portugal, contain the whole Negocia- 
tions of the Treaty of Peace between those Three Crowns. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

Reprinted, 2 vols., London, 1724. 



120 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

DE WITT, JOHN (and other Great Men of Holland). The True Inter- 
est and Political Maxims of the Republick of Holland and West Fries- 
land . . . treating of Liberty in General, of Manufactures, Fisheries, 
Traffick, Navigation, . . . Portrait. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1743. 

A New Description of Spain and Portugal ; containing an Account of 
their Government, Laws, Religion, Policy, and Strength ; their Cus- 
toms, Manners, and Riches ; their Trade : with a Description of the 
City of Madrid, the Palaces of Aranjoux and the Escurial ; the King- 
doms of Leon, Galicia, and Austria (Asturias?) ; likewise of the King- 
doms of Arragon, Catalognia, and Valentia; as also of the City of 
Lisbon and other places remarkable in Portugal. 12mo. London. 

NORTHLEIGII, JOHN. For France see his Topographical Descriptions 
under CONTINENTAL EUROPE. The portion dealing with France 
reprinted in Harris II, 727-740. See below. 

1744-48 NORTHLEIGH, JOHN, Travels through France interspersed with 
historical, political, and medical Observations, made with great Care 
and Circumspection, in two different Journeys through that Kingdom, 
the last of which was compleatecl in the Year 1702, and the Whole re- 
vised by the Author a little before his Death. In Harris II, 727-740. 

In this description occurs the remark: "We are come now to Paris 
the Metropolis of France, that would compare with ours in England for 
extent and Dimension, for its Buildings and Inhabitants, but fails in 
all." Bookseller's Note. The author was a physician of the Royal Col- 
lege of Physicians. He travelled through a good part of Europe for the 
sake of improvement and information. 

SAVAGE, JOHN. The Antient and Present State of the Empire of 
Germany, containing the Respective Histories of the Electorates, Prin- 
cipalities, . . . and an Account of the Empire and all its Dependencies. 
Map. 8vo. London. 

1703 A Compleat History of the Cevennes, giving a Particular Account of the 

Scituation, Strength, and Antiquity of the People and Country : to- 
gether with several Treaties and Stipulations made since Charles IX. 
to this Present King Lewis XIV. ; wherein the Cevennois have ob- 
tain'd many Large Privileges, both Civil and Religious, by a Doctor 
of the Civil Laws. 8vo. London. 

1704 The Frenchman and Spaniard displayed in lively Characters: Being a 

brief Description of the Customs and Manners of those two Nations ; 
shewing the great Antipathy that is between them, and the conse- 
quences that may ensue on the Arrival of Charles III. 4to. London. 



WEST EUROPE 121 

A Trip to Portugal, or a View of their Strength by Sea and Land, an Exact 
List of their Forces; with the Names of their Regimental Officers, the 
Situation of their Frontier Towns, and the Prospect of their Fortifi- 
cations. To which is added, A Catalogue of their Kings, ... In a Let- 
ter from a Volunteer at Lisbon to his Friend in London. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 



1704-05 A Trip to Spain, or, a True Description of the Comical Humors, Ridic- 
ulous Customs and foolish Laws of that lazy improvident People the 
Spaniards, in a Letter to a Person of Quality, from an Officer in the 
Royal Navy. Fol. London. 

This is a general sketch of Spain, but is principally concerned with Madrid. 
Foulche-Delbosc. 

1705 ADDISON, JOSEPH. Remarks on several Parts of Italy, in the years 
1701, 1702, 1703. 8vo. London. 

3rd edit., London, 1726; another, London, 1761; reprinted in Moore's Collec- 
tion, London, 1785, Translated into French, Paris, 1722. See below and also Le 
Clerc under 1715 below. 

Thomas Hcarne, the Jacobite antiquarian of Oxford, says of this book, under 
date of Nov. 28, 1705: "Mr. Addison's Travells is a book very trite, being made 
up of nothing but scraps of verses, and things which have been observed over and 
over, without any addition of things not discovered before; . . . though it must be 
acknowledged, that the book is written in a clean style, and for that reason will 
please novices and superficial readers." Later under Jan. 12, 1705-06, he says that 
Mr. Thwaites told him, "Mr. Addison's Book of Travells, which he has read all 
over, is not so contemptible as most would make it, being (he says) writ not only 
in a very clean handsome style, but with good skill, and contains several curios- 
ities, which are not so clearly told by other authors." Reliquiae Hcarnianae I, 
pp. 73, 88. It should be noted, however, that Addison the Whig could not expect 
warm commendation from this uncompromising Tory. Boswell quotes Johnson as 
saying, "It is a tedious book, and if it were not attached to Addison's previous rep- 
utation, one would not think much of it." 

1722 (In French.) Remarqucs sur divers endroits d'ltalic par Mr, Addison, 
pour servir au voyage de Mr. Minou. 12mo. Paris. 

Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1725, I, 56. 

TOLAND, JOHN. An Account of the Courts of Prussia and Hannover 
sent to a Minister of State. London. 

Another edition, London, 1714. See below, and also under 1723 below. 
The author is chiefly remembered for his pamphlet Christianity Nat Myste- 
rious (1696), which opened up the Deist controversy, 

1714 TOLAND, JOHN. An Account of the Courts of Prussia and Hanover 

sent to a Minister of State, (with) the Ordinances, ... of the Royal 
Academy of Berlin, and the Declaration of the Elector Palatine in fa- 
vour of his Protestant Subjects. 8vo. London. 



122 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1706 The Ancient and Present State of Portugal ; containing the Description of 
that Kingdom, its former and present Division, the manner of the 
Cortes or Parliament, its several Names, Forts, Rivers, Lakes, Baths, 
Plants, Minerals, and other Products; Religious and Military Orders, 
Prelates, . . . Also a Curious Account of the Inquisition ; and of all 
the Towns and Rivers in the Kingdom; besides some of the Chiefest 
on the Frontiers of Spain; with an Index and a map of Portugal and 
Spain. 8vo. London. 

A Geographical and Historical Account of the Principality of Catalonia 
and Earldom of Barcelona ; containing the Description of that Coun- 
try and City, and all other places of Note; its principal Rivers; Succes- 
sion of its Princes ; and all notable Revolutions . . . 4to. London. 

The Travels of an English Gentleman to Rome. London. 
So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

1708 The History of the Government of Venice: Wherein the Policies, Coun- 

cils, Magistrates and Laws of that State are fully related ; and the Use 
of the Balloting Box exactly described. 8vo. London. 

1709 Letters to a Nobleman, from a Gentleman Travelling through Holland, 

Flanders, and France ; with a Description of Ghent, Lisle, . . . and the 
Courts of Versailles and St. Germain. 8vo. London. 

MONTAGUE, RALPH (Duke of). Life, containing his Travels abroad ; 
his Marriages, Children, and other Actions at Home, with his Death, 
. . . 8vo. London. 

1711 BAUDRIER, SIEUR DU. A New Journey to Paris: Together with 
some Secret Transactions between the Fr***h K**g, and an Eng**** 
Gentleman (Matthew Prior). By the Lieut, du Baudrier (pseudonym 
for Jonathan Swift). Translated from the French. 8vo. London. 

HOTOMAN, FRANCIS. Franco-Galliae ; or an Account of the Ancient 
Free State of France and Most other Parts of Europe, before the Loss 
of their Liberties, written originally in 1574; and translated into Eng- 
lish (by Robert Molesworth). 8vo. London. 

The translator was the Molesworth who incurred the displeasure of the Danish 
King for his Account of Denmark. Sec under 1694, NORTH EUROPE. 



WEST EUROPE 123 

LEONHARDI, JOHN. An Account of the Orisons; or a Description of 
the Free and Independent Common-Wealth of the three Rhaetish 
Leagues. 8vo. London. 

An interesting and scarce tract on Communities. Bookseller's Note. 

1712 BROME, JAMES. Travels through Portugal, Spain, and Italy. 8vo. 
London. 

Thes>e travels took place in about 1708. 

MONTFAUCON, BERNARD DE (Father). The Travels of the 
Learned Father Montfaucon from Paris thro' Italy, containing an Ac- 
count of many Antiquities at Vienne, Aries, Nismes, and Marseilles, 
the Delights of Italy and Rome viz., Libraries, Statues, Paintings, 
Temples, Churches, . . . Illus. Translated from the Latin original. 
8vo. London. 

2nd edit., with a slightly different title, revised, fol , London, 1725 Latin orig- 
inal, Paris, 1702. See below. 

1725 MONTFAUCON, BERNARD DE. The Antiquities of Italy, being his 
Travels from Paris through Italy in 1608-99, Translated from the Latin 
Original, revised by J. Henley. Fol. London 

1702 MONTFAUCON, BERNARD DE. piarum italicum sive monumcntorum 
veterum bibliothecarum notitiae singulares itinerario italico collectac. 
4to. Paris. 

A Particular Description of the Famous Town and Cittadel of Dunkirk, 
with all its Fortifications, viz., Rice-Bank, Forts, Harbour, Peere, the 
Bason, Number of the Ships, . . . (also) Churches, Nunneries, . . . 
4to. In Harl Misc., II, 329-337. London. 

1714 STANYAN, ABRAHAM. An Account of Switzerland, written in the 
Year 1714. Vignette of Shakespeare on title. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, Edinburgh, 1756. Translated into French, 1756. 

The author was educated at Christ Church, Oxford He became Under Sec- 
retary of State 1715-16, and Clerk to the Privy Council in 1710. The book was 
"destined to enlighten the profound darkness which he found prevailing as to the 
constitution, religion, and manners of the Federated Cantons . It was used by 
William Coxe in his Sketches ... of Swisserland (see under 1779 below). It was 
commended by Lord Chesterfield to his son." I) N P> , quoted by Sotheran. "I 
have often wondered that a Country situated almost in the Middle of Europe, as 
Switzerland is, should be so little known, that not only the Generality of People 
have scarce any idea of it, but that even some Men bred up to Foreign Affairs 
hardly know the Names of the several Cantons, or what Religion they are." 
Preface, quoted by Sotheran. "The Swiss," said Dr Johnson in 1778, "admit that 
there is but one error in Stanyan." 



124 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1715 LE CLERC, J. Observations on Mr. Addison's Travels through Italy. 
London. 

See Addison under 1705 above. 

A New Journey to France; with an exact Description of the Sea-Coast 
from London, to Calais, . . . London. 

The Present State of His Majesty's Dominions in Germany, containing 
an exact Description of the same. Map and folding genealogy of the 
Brunswick line traced from Woden. 8vo. London. 



1716 The Antient and Modern History of the Balearick Islands, or of the King- 

dom of Majorca, which comprehends the Islands of Majorca, Minorca, 
Yvica, Formentera, and others, with their natural and geographical De- 
scription. Translated from the original Spanish, by Colin Campbell. 
Maps. 8vo. London. 

DRYDEN, JOHN. A Voyage to Sicily and Malta, written when he ac- 
companied Mr. Cecill in that Expedition in the Years 1700 and 1701. 
8vo. London. 

The author was the second son of John Dryden the poet and dramatist. He 
translated Juvenal's Fourteenth Satire tor his father's version, and wrote one med- 
iocre comedy. D.N.B. 

1717 CHANCEL, A. D. A New Journey over Europe. London. 

Relation d'un Voyage nouvellement fait par la France. London. 

1718 RAY, JOHN, and WILLOUGHBY, FRANCIS. Philosophical Letters 

between the late Learned Mr. Ray and . . . Correspondents, Natives, 
and Foreigners ; to which are added those of Francis Willoughby, Esq., 
consisting of Curious Discoveries in the History of Birds, Insects, 
Plants, Fossils, . . . edited by W. Derham. 8vo. London. 

See Ray under 1673 above. 

Travels from London to Rome on Foot. 8vo. London. 

Such a mode of travelling, which is equivalent to our modern hiking, was 
rare in this century. So must Goldsmith have travelled, as did Wordsworth and 
Jones in 1790. 



WEST EUROPE 125 

1721 A Letter from an English Traveller at Rome to his Father, of the 6th May 

(8 pp.)- 4to. London. 

1722 RICHARDSON, JONATHAN. An Account of the Statues and 

Bas-reliefs, Drawings and Pictures in Italy, PVance, . . . with Remarks, 
. . . London. 

This is probably tbe elder Richardson, the painter, who won some distinction 
for his treatise, Theory of Painting (1715) lie succeeded Kneller in public favor 
as a portrait painter. 

1723 TOLAND, JOHN. An Historical Account of the Life and Writings of 

the late Eminently Famous Mr. John Toland, containing a faithful ac- 
count of his travels in Germany, Holland, . . . An Account of the Con- 
troversies wherein he was engaged . . . an exact Catalogue of his 
Writings, by one of his most intimate Friends. 8vo. London. 

See Toland under 1705 above. 

Vertot's Miscellanies: Consisting of Disertation upon the true Original 
of the French by a Parallel of their Manners with those of the Ger- 
mans ; Salique Laws ; On the Sainte Ampoulle ; Antient Form of 
Oaths, . . . Done from the French by John Henley. 8vo. London. 

1723-26 BREVAL, JOHN DURANT. Remarks on several Parts of Europe: 
relating chiefly to the History, Antiquities, and Geography of France, 
the Low Countries, Lorrain, Germany, Savoy, Tyrol, Switzerland, 
Italy, and Spain. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

Vol I appeared in 1723, and vol. II in 1726. Reprinted in 2 vols., fol. Lon- 
don, 1738 

Hreval was a hackwriter for the "unspeakable Curll " For some ridicule which 
he cast on Pope the latter put him in the Punciad. 

1725 MACKY, JOHN. A Journey through the Austrian Netherlands, Contain- 
ing the Modern History and Description of all the Provinces, Towns, 
Castles, Palaces, ... of that Fruitful, Populous Country, so long the 
Scene of Wars and dreadful Ravages, till it was by the Treaty of 
Utrecht yielded to the Emperor of Germany. With an Account of all 
the Remarkable Battels and Sieges; taken from the most authentick 
Narratives. To which is prefixed, An Introduction, containing the 
Ancient History of the whole Seventeen Provinces. London. 

2nd edit., 8vo. London, 1732. 



126 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Travels through Flanders, Holland, Germany, Sweden, and Denmark ; con- 
taining an Account of what is most remarkable in those Countries, par- 
ticularly a Description of those fortified Towns in Flanders and Hol- 
land, with exact Draughts of Dunkirk, Maastricht, Charleroi, Gent, and 
Ath, together with necessary Instructions for Travellers. 5th edit, 
much enlarged. Written by an English Gentleman, who resided many 
years in Holland in a publick Capacity. 

This may be the same work as that listed under 1691 above: An Accurate 
Description of the United Netherlands. 

1726 BROCK WELL, C. Natural and Political History of Portugal, ... To 
which is added, The History of Brazil, and all other Dominions sub- 
ject to the Crown of Portugal in Asia, Africa, and America. Maps 
of Portugal and Brazil and 1 plate. London. 

Letters describing the Character and Customs of the English and French 
Nations, with a curious Essay on Travelling; and a Criticism on Boi- 
leau's Description of Paris. Translated from the French. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 



Versailles Illustrated. Plates. London. 

1728 BURRISH, ONSLOW. Batavia Hemstuata, or, A View of the Policy 
and Commerce of the United Provinces, Particularly of Holland, with 
an Enquiry into the Alliances of the States general with the Emperor, 
France, Spain and Great Britain. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1731, with title, Batavia Illustrata 

Part I describes the country and its government; part II the fisheries, man- 
ufactures and commerce, including the East and West India Companies ; part 
III the alliances with foreign states. 

1730 BEHRENS, GEORGE HENNING. The Natural History of Hartz For- 

est, in Germany, translated by John Andres. 8vo. London. 

WRIGHT, EDWARD. Some Observations Made in Travelling through 
France, Italy, ... in 1720-22. 42 folding plates by Van der Gucht. 
2 vols. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., 4to, London, 1764 (without the plates). 

1731 Some Short Reflections on the Situation of Gibraltar, and its Importance 

to the Trade and maritime Force of this Kingdom, with a Proposal 
for rendering the late Works of the Spaniards near that Fortress, in- 
effectual. (16 pp.) 4to. London. 



WEST EUROPE 127 

1732 HOLLAND, RICHARD (Captain). A Draught of the Streights of Gib- 
raltar, with some Observations upon the Currents thereunto belonging. 
In Churchill IV, 7S2-784. 

This "draught" was made in July, 1675. 

CARERI, JOHN FRANCIS GEMELL1 (Dr.). Travels through Eu- 
rope in several Letters to the Counsellor Amate Danio. In Churchill 
VI, 41-142. 

1st letter dated Venice, Jan. 25, 1686 It covers parts of Italy, Savoy, Paris, 
England, the Low Countries, and Germany, and is concerned w r ith matters of his- 
torical interest and general information. The last letter is dated Vienna, July 14. 
1686. See also Careri under 1732, FAR EAST. 

MERIN, JOHN BAPTIST (M.D.). A Journey of John Baptist Merin 
to the Mines of Hungary: with an Account of his Observations made 
there, in relation to them, and subterraneous Passages in general. In 
Churchill IV, 762-767. 

This journey was made in 1615. 

SKIPPON, PHILIP. An Account of a Journey made Thro' a Part of 
the Low Countries, Germany, Italy, and France. In Churchill VI, 
359-736. 

Abstract in Harris II, 715-727. See below. 

The author travelled in company with Ray, Willoughby, and Bacon. They 
set out from London, April 17, 1663. He was Ray's companion from the time 
he left Kngland until he separated from the latter at Paris to return to Rutland. 
Being an inquisitive traveller, he kept an exact account of everything he saw, 
and what he missed was not likely to be observed by other travellers. But he 
gave little or no personal narrative. 

1744-48 SKIPPON, SIR PHILIP. The Travels of Sir Philip Skippon and 
the Reverend John Ray through the best Part of the Kingdom of 
France ; interspersed with a great Variety of historical and political, 
philosophical and mechanical Remarks and Observations. Collected 
from the Journals of those ingenious Persons. In Harris II, 715-727. 

1735 FRANK, THOMAS. Tour through France, Flanders, and Germany. 
London. 



1737 DE VEIL, HANS. Les Amusemens de Spa, or the Gallantries of the 
Spaw in Germany, containing the Virtues of every Spring, Nature 
and Uses, the Reasons why frequented by Persons of the first Distinc- 
tion, the various Diversions and Amusements, many entertaining His- 
tories of Persons resorting to Spaw, intermix'd with several others of 
Wit, Humor, Gaiety, ... 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



128 A REVERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1738 LEDIARD, THOMAS. The German Spy. In Familiar Letters from 

Munster, Paderborn, Osnabrug, Minden, Bremen, Hamburg, Gluck- 
stadt, Helgoland, Stade, Lubeck, and Rosrock. Written by a Gentle- 
man on his Travels, to his Friend in England. With a Prefatory Ac- 
count of these Letters, and Explanatory Notes, by Thomas Lediard. 
London. 

An edition in 1740 cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

Lcdiard was a miscellaneous writer of historical and biographical works. He 
was attached to the staff of the Duke of Marlborough and accompanied him 
on his visit to Charles XII of Sweden. He also wrote an English opera, 
"Britannia." D.N.B. 

1739 CAMPBELL, JOHN. For his travels in France, Italy, Malta, see his 

The Travels and Adventures of Edward Brown, under GENERAL 
TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

DE TOT, C. DE FERRARE. Political Reflections upon the Finances 
and Commerce of France, shewing the Causes which formerly ob- 
structed the Advancement of her Trade, . . . Translated from the 
French. 8vo. London. 

WHATLEY, ROBERT (Rev.). Three Letters giving an Account of 
his Travels into Germany, ... in 1721-22. 

The author was a prebendary of York. 

1740 RIPPERDA, DUKE DE. Memoirs of the Duke de Ripperda: first Em- 

bassador from the States-General to his Most Catholick Majesty, then 
Duke and Grandee of Spain ; afterwards Bashan and Prime Minister 
to Muly Abdulla, Emperor of Fez and Morocco. Containing a succinct 
Account of the most Remarkable Events which happened between 1715 
and 1736. Interspers'd throughout with several Curious Particulars 
relating to the Cardinals Del Guidice and Alberoni, the Princess of 
Ursino, Prince Cellamere, the Marquis Beretti Lancli, M. De Santa 
Cruz, ... As also a Distinct and Impartial Detail of the Differences 
between the Courts of London and Madrid. To which is annexed an 
Appendix, containing some Papers on the Balance of Europe, the 
Present State of Spain, and the Consequences of a War in the West 
Indies. 8vo. London. 

1741 A Short Account of a late Journey to Tuscany, Rome, and other Parts 

of Italy. London. 

1742 An Inquiry into the Revenue, Credit and Commerce of France. 8vo. 

London. 



WEST EUROPE 129 

POOLE, ROBERT (M.D.). A Journey from London, to France and 
Holland; or, The Traveller's Useful Vade Mecum. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

Reprinted, London, 1746, the second volume of which appeared in 1750. 

In 1741 Poole set out for France to get a degree in medicine from the 
University of Rheims, but he returned in three months. The above account con- 
tains a minute journal of his travels with interesting remarks on Paris hospitals. 
The bulk of the book is taken up with a French grammar, a sort of gazetteer of 
Europe, and other information for travellers. See his Beneficent Bee under 1753, 
WEST INDIES. 

1743 A Description of Holland and the United Provinces. London. 

1743.45 BLAINVILLE, M. DE. Travels through Holland, Germany, Switzer- 
land and other Parts of Europe, but especially Italy. Translated from 
the French by Turnbull and Guthrie. Maps. 3 vols. 4to. London. 

Reprinted, 3 vols., 4to, London, 1749. 

These travels, though praised by Dr. Johnson, are now held in little esteem. 
Low tides. 

1744 M ARTEL, PETER. An Account of the Glaciers, or Ice Alps in Savoy. 

In Two Letters, One from an English Gentleman to his Friend at 
Geneva; the other from Peter Martel, Engineer, to the said English 
Gentleman. 2 folding plates. 4to. London. 

The English Gentleman was W. Windham and the Friend at Geneva was 
the miniature painter, M. Arlaud, a friend of Sir Isaac Newton. This account 
of Windham' s is reproduced in de Beer's Early Travellers in the Alps. De 
Beer points out that the honor of discovering Chamonix as the goal for tourists 
belongs to a group of Englishmen who were staying at Geneva in 1741. This 
letter produced results at once. The first to be lured thither was Peter Martel 
who describes his journey in the letter to Windham cited above. His account is 
of interest in that it makes the first known mention of Mont Blanc. The Alps, 
especially in the region of Mont Blanc, were now to become a really fashion- 
able resort. De Beer states that in the eighteenth century more than a hundred 
accounts of journeys through the Alps appeared. 

THOMPSON, CHARLES. The Travels of the late Charles Thompson, 
containing his Observations on France, Italy, ... 3 vols. Reading. 

Another edition, London, 1748. 

1744-48 Travels through Hungary into Thessaly; a Description of the City of 
Larissa, and of the Grand Seignor's Court there, with other curious 
Particulars ; together with a Description of other Parts of Hungary, 
more especially of the Gold Mines, and some Remarks upon the ad- 
jacent Countries, then and now making Part of the Hereditary Domin- 
ions of the House of Austria. In Harris II, 765-789. 

The writer was a student of physics, botany, anatomy, natural history, and 
"chymistry." He travelled for the sake of extending his knowledge of things so 
he tells us. 



130 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Travels through Portugal and Spain, with a distinct Description of the 
principal Cities in both Kingdoms ; particularly Lisbon, Coimbra, Por- 
to, and Braga, in the former; Madrid, Valubra, Alicant, ... in the lat- 
ter; with a curious and correct Detail of the Curiosities in the Escuriel, 
and a Succinct Description of the Royal Palaces of their Catholick Ma- 
jesties. By an English Gentleman. In Harris II, 705-714. 

The author embarked for Portugal in 1693. He comments on the large spec- 
tacles fastened to the ears of many young and old people of Portugal. 

1745 DAVIS, WILLIAM. A True Relation of the Travels and most miser- 
able Captivity of William Davis, Barber-Surgeon of London, under 
the Duke of Florence. Wherein is truly set down the Manner of his 
Taking, the long Time of his Slavery, and Means of his Delivery, 
after Eight Years and Ten Months Captivity in the Gallies. Discov- 
ering many Main Lands, Islands, Rivers, Cities and Towns, the Con- 
dition of the People of the Christians and Infidels, ... In Osborne I, 
476-488. 

The victim of these hardships set out from England, January 28, 1597. Taken 
prisoner by one of the Duke of Florence's ^allies, he was made to toil several 
years at the oars. His description of the Italian character and his animus against 
papists both English and Italian are justifiably bitter. 

Flanders Delineated : or, A View of the Austrian and French Netherlands, 
... By an Officer of the Allied Army now in Flanders. To which is 
prefixed a Summary of the History of the Low Countries in general. 
Maps and a folding plate. 8vo. Reading. 

The Theatre of the Present War in the Netherlands and upon the Rhine, 
containing a Description of all the Divisions, Fortified and other Towns 
in the Provinces, South-West Germany, Frontiers of France and Lor- 
rain. Also Introduction to the Art of Fortification and Military Dic- 
tionary. Map and plates. 8vo. London. 

1749 CAREW, GEORGE. A Relation of the State of France with the Char- 
acter of Henry IV, and the Principal Persons of that Court. London. 

This is probably Sir George Carew (d. 1612) who was an envoy to France 
in 1605-09. 

Letters on the French Nation, by a Sicilian Gentleman, translated from 
the French. 8vo. London. 

NUGENT, THOMAS. The Grand Tour; Or, a Journey through the 
Netherlands, Germany, Italy and France. Containing : I. A Descrip- 



WEST EUROPE 131 

tion of the principal Cities and Towns, their Situation, Origin, and 
Ancient Monuments. II. The public Edifices, the Seats and Palaces 
of the Princes of the Nobility, their Libraries, Cabinets, Paintings, 
and Statues. III. The Produce of the Countries, the Customs and 
Manners of the People, the different Coins, their Commerce, Manu- 
factures, Learning, and present Government. IV. An exact List of the 
Post-Routes, and of the different Carriages by Water and Land, with 
their settled Prices. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., corrected and considerably improved : To which is added, The Eu- 
ropean Itinerary, 4 vols., London, 1756; a later edition, 4 vols., London, 1778. 

Nugent was a voluminous translator of French works. His Grand Tour has 
become a source book for all studies in this field. It is one of the chief wit- 
nesses to the seriousness with which the young Knglish gentleman was supposed 
to regard his travels abroad. 

The Present State of Holland, or a Description of the United Provinces ; 
wherein is contained a Particular Account of the Hague, and the 
Principal Cities and Towns of the Republick. 12mo. The Hague. 

RHYS, UDALL (Price). An Account of the most Remarkable Places 
and Curiosities in Spain and Portugal. 8vo. London. 

1750 CLANCY, Michael (M.D.). Memoirs, containing his Observations on 

many Countries in Europe. 2 vols. Dublin. 

RUSSELL, JONATHAN. Letters from a Young Painter Abroad to his 
Friends in England. Folding copperplate engravings. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

A scarce and valuable art book, by some ascribed to Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

Bookseller's Note. 

A Trip to the Jubilee, by a Gentleman that was at the late Grand one at 
Rome. Containing a Diverting Account of his most remarkable Trav- 
els through France, Milan, . . . 8vo. London. 

Voyage en Hollande et sur les frontiers occidentales de rAllemagne, tra- 
duit Tanglais par Cantwel. (Place and date?). 

What is the English original? D.N.B. cites an Andrew Cantwell, an Irish- 
man, who studied medicine on the Continent and practiced surgery at Paris from 

1742 on. 

1751 CLEGHORN, GEORGE. Observations on the epidemical Diseases in 

Minorca, in the years 1744 and 1749; to which is prefixed a short Ac- 



132 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

count of the Climate, Productions, Inhabitants, and endemical Distem- 
pers of the Islands. London. 

A Description of the City House of Amsterdam. Amsterdam. 

1752 ARMSTRONG, JOHN. The History of the Island of Minorca, Trade, 

Customs, Antiquities, . . . Map and plates. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., with large additions, 8vo, London, 1756. Translated into French, 
Amsterdam and Paris, 1769. See below. 

1769 (In French.) Histoire naturelle et civile de 1'Isle de Minorque. Traduit 
sur la 2e edit, angloise. 12mo. Amsterdam and Paris. 

1753 BELLICARD, . Observations upon the Antiquities of Herculaneum. 

42 plates. 8vo. London. 

An ingenious work, containing some particulars which escaped the observations 
of former writers. Lowndes. Herculaneum and Pompeii came to the notice of 
the curious in 1738 and 1748 respectively, though it was not until 1763 that exca- 
vations were begun at the latter place. 

A Brief Account of the Vaudois, His Sardinian Majesty's Protestant sub- 
jects in the Valleys of Piedmont, in a letter from a Gentleman on his 
Travels in Italy. London. 



HANWAY, JONAS. For an account of his travels in Germany and 
Holland see his An Historical Account of the British Trade over the 
Caspian Sea, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

The Traveller's Companion and Guide through France, Flanders, Brabant 
and Holland. London. 

1754 DRUMMOND, ALEXANDER. For accounts of the cities of Germany 
and Italy see his Travels through different Cities of Germany, Italy, 
Greece, under NEAR EAST. 



DUCAREL, ANDREW COLTEE. A Tour through Normandy, de- 
scribed in a Letter to a Friend. 4to. London. 

Another edition, considerably enlarged, fol., London, 1767. Sec below. 

Though born in Normandy, the author was educated in England and be- 
came an enthusiastic student of antiquities, George North, an antiquarian, to 
whom Ducarel submitted his Account of his tour, criticises it for having "too 
many repetitions appear in it, especially of the words, there are, which render 
the narrative flat and unenliveninR, and make too many breaks in it. With these 
expunged, and the sentences made to run off a little more roundly in a more 



WEST EUROPE 133 

continued flow, the pleasure would be greatly heightened to the reader, etc." 
From Nichols, Literary Atiecdotcs Ducarel made this tour into Normandy to in- 

spect its antiquities. Lowndcs characterises it as a meagre composition, with 
wretched plates. 

1767 DUCARRL, ANDREW COLTEE. Anglo-Norman Antiquities consid- 
ered in a Tour through Part of Normandy. 27 copperplates. Fol. 
London. 

MAJOR, THOMAS. The Ruins of Paestum, otherwise Posidonia in 
Magna Graecia. 25 copperplates. Fol. London. 

2nd edit, fol., London, 1768. Translated into French, with additions (by 
Thomas Major), London, 1768; again by Dumont, \vith his additions, and other 
plates of Herculaneum and antiquities of Naples, in all 18 plates, Paris, 1769. 

Major was an engraver who lived and woiked for some time in Paris. He 
was the first engraver to be elected R.A. D.N.B. 

1755 FIELDING, HENRY. Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon. 12mo. London. 

Other editions: 12mo t Dublin, 1756; London, 1785; a modern reprint, Lon- 
don, 1892; edited for the Oxford Classics by Austin Dobson, Oxford, 1907. 
Translated into German, Altona, 1764. See below. 

This work as originally printed contained some libelous matter relating to 
the conduct of the captain of the ship. The whole edition was withheld and a 
revised one printed. The book is a most readable account of a voyage by sea in 
the days when ships had to wait for "fair winds" before they could leave port. 
Fielding was suffering from dropsy and made this voyage in the hope of regaining 
his health. Both hopes and remedy, however, proved vain, for, as is well known, 
Fielding died shortly after reaching Lisbon and was buried there. 

1756 FIELDING, HENRY. Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon. With a Frag- 
ment of a Comment on Lord Bolingbroke's Essays. 12mo. Dublin. 

1764 (In German.) Herrn Heinrich Fieklings, Esq Reise nach Lisbon. Von 
ihm sclbst beschrieben. Aus dem Englischen ubersetzt. Nebst einer 
Nachricht von dem Lebensumstanden dieses beruhmten Schriftstellers. 
Altona. 

1917 DICKSON, F. S. The Early Editions of Fielding's Voyage to Lisbon; 
The Chronology of Tom Jones; 2 items. 8\o. Reprinted from the 
Library, January and July, 1917. London. 

1756 The Importance of the Island of Minorca and Harbour of Port Mahon, 

with a History and Description of both. In a Letter from a Merchant 
to a Noble Lord. 8vo. London. 



KEYSLER, JOHANN GEORG. Travels through Germany, Bohemia, 
Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, and Lorraine, giving a True Description 
of their Present State. (Translated from the German.) 7 engraved 
plates. 4 vols. 4to. London. 

3rd edit., London, 1760. German original, Hanover, 1740. See below. 
This work, though heavy, is interesting from the picture it exhibits of Ger- 
many, etc., in the middle of the 18th century. The author's judgments on antiquities 



; TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 



have been questioned Lowndes. The volumes deal with the natural history, 
iriannrrs, comrncice, manufactures, laws, antiquities, etc, and close with an ap- 

peridix of roads, post stages, etc. 

1740 KEYSLER, JOHANN GKORG. Neueste Reise durch Teutschland, Boh- 
men, Ungarn, die Schweitz, Italien und Lothringen. 3 copperplates and 
a map of central Europe. 4to. Hannover 

STEVENS, SACHEVERELL. Miscellaneous Remarks made on the 
Spot, in a late Seven Years' Tour through France, Germany and Hol- 
land. London. 

Reprinted in the World Displayed, XIX, London, 1761. 

The author was in Paris in 1738 and 1739. He had many complaints to make 
of the exorbitant prices of inns, the rapacity of the sailors, the had faith of 
French valets, the insolence of beggars in Paris, and such like. The English trav- 
eller, like the modern American, was always supposed to be rich and hence was 
much imposed upon. Stevens was full of prejudices but was often an original 
observer. The people of France he found combined the utmost gaiety with the 
greatest poverty. 

1757 CAMPBELL, JOHN. The Present State of Europe; Interests, Political 
and Commercial Views, Constitutions, . . . 8vo. London. 

CARLETON, SIR DUDLEY. Letters from and to Sir Dudley Carle- 
ton, Knt., during his Embassy in Holland, from January, 1615-16, to 
December, 1620. 4to. London. 

1761 JEFFERYS, THOMAS. A Description of the Maritime Parts of France, 
containing a particular Account of all the Fortified Towns, Forts, Har- 
bours, Bays and Rivers, with their Tides, Currents, Soundings, Shoals, 
... 88 maps and plans. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

Another edition, 2 vols., London, 1774. 

KEATE, GEORGE. A Short Account of the ancient History, present 
Government, and Laws of the Republic of Geneva. Map. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

Keate is better known through his Account of the Pclew Islands See under 
1788, SOUTH SEAS. He also wrote poems on the Alps and on Italy. 

TAYLOR, JOHN (Chevalier). The History of the Travels and Adven- 
tures of the Chevalier John Taylor, Ophthalmiater Pontifical Imperial 
and Royal, to the Kings of Poland, Denmark, Sweden, The Electors 
of the Holy Empire, . . . Author of 45 Works in different languages; 
the Produce for upwards of thirty Years, of the greatest practice in the 
Cure of distempered Eyes, of any in the Age we live Who has been 
in every Court, Kingdom, Province, State, City, and Town of the least 



WEST EUROPE 135 

Consideration in all Europe, without Exception. Written by Himself. 
This Work contains all the most worthy the Attention of a Traveller. 
. . . 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

The full title of this curious work is set forth in Nichols, Literary Anecdotes 
VIII, 410. Taylor was a quack oculist, of much notoriety in his day. Though he is 
allowed by Dr. King, in his Political and Literary Anecdotes, to have possessed 
professional talents, yet his strange farrago, which he calls the History of his 
Travels, shows him as a charlatan and coxscomb. The work is now very scarce, 
being bought up by some descendant or connexion of the family. Lowndes. He 
was the subject of many satires and the author of treatises on the eye and a bom- 
bastic autobiography. D.N.B, 

1762 GOLDSMITH, OLIVER. See the Bee No. 2, in which he traces the 
character and the manners of Frenchmen in several satirical sketches. 
See also the Citizen of the World, ch. Ixxviii, and the Traveller. For 
the most part Goldsmith had a keen appreciation and sympathy for 
France, its life and taste. 



VENUTI, R. Collection of some of the Finest Prospects in Italy, with 
Short Remarks on them, engraved hy various celebrated Engravers at 
Rome. 2 (?) vols. 8vo. London. 

Letterpress descriptions are given in English, Italian, and French. 

1763 ANTONINI, (Abbe). A View of Paris, describing all the Churches, 

Palaces, Public Buildings, and fine Paintings, by the Abbe Antonini, in 
French and English. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

CLARKE, EDWARD (Rev.). Letters concerning the Spanish Nation, 
written at Madrid during the Years 1760 and 1761. 4to. London. 

An abridged version in Knox V, 389-433, 1767. Translated into German, 
Lemgo, 1765; into French, Paris, 1770. See below. 

The author was chaplain to George William, Karl of Bristol, Ambassador 
Extraordinary to Spain. During his two years' residence there he collected much 
information, hints, and materials relative to the existing state of Spain, as might 
"either gratify the curiosity of his friends, or prove of some utility to the publick 
in general." Nichols, Literary Anecdotes. Several letters describe celebrated li- 
braries, but mostly they have to do with various aspects of local life of the time 
in Spain. 

1765 (In German.) Brief e von dcm gegcnwartigen Zustande des Konigreichs 
Spanien geschrieben zu Madrid in den Jahren 1760 und 1761 von Ed- 
ward Clarke, Magister der Weltwcisheit, Mitglied des St. Johann 
Collcgii zu Cambridge und Rektors zu Pepperharrow in der Graf- 
schaft Surry damaligen Gesandtschaftsprediger bey dem Grossbritann- 
ischen Gcsandtcn dem Grafcn von Bristol. In das Deutsche ubersetzt 
und hin und wieder erlautert von Johann Tobias Kbhler, Professor zu 
Gbttingen und Mitglied der Churmannzischen Gesellschaft der Wib- 
senschaften zu Erfurth. 8vo. Lemgo 



136 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1770 (In French ) Etat present de 1'Espagne et de la nation espagnole, ou Let- 
tres ecrites a Madrid pendant les aimccs 1760 et 1761 par le Rev. Ed- 
ouard Clarke. Traduit de 1'anglois. 2 vols. Paris. 

The translator is said to be Guillaume Imhert. The French ver- 
sion was prohibited in France, because possibly the criticism of Charles 
III could appear to be addressed to Louis XIV. From Foulche-Del- 
bosc. 

CONDAMINE, M. DE LA. Journal of a Tour to Italy. 8vo. London. 

This work contains, among many other interesting and curious particulars, 
accounts of the Leaning Towers of Pisa and Bologna, Eruptions of Mount 
Vesuvius, Detection of the Impositions used in the pretended liquefying of the 
Blood of St. Januarius, Parallel between the Horse-Races at Rome and New- 
market, etc. Bookseller's Note. 

MAIHOWS, (Dr.). Travels in France, Italy and the Archipelagus, 

or Letters written from several Parts of Europe in 1750. 4 vols. 
London. 

Translated into French, 4 vols., Paris, 1763; and again in 1767. See below. 
Pinkerton XVII gives the name of the writer as Matthews. 

The first volume is given up entirely to a description of France. The author 
crossed France in 1750 on his way to the Near East He describes conscientious- 
ly but without originality the priacipal monuments of a city. 

1767 (In French.) Voyage en France, en Italic et aux iles de 1'archipel. Tra- 
duit de P. F. de Puisieux. 4 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

MONTAGUE, LADY MARY WORTLEY. For her letters from vari- 
ous parts of Europe see her Letters written during her Travels in 
Europe, Asia, and Africa, under NEAR EAST. 

1764 An Account of the Southern Maritime Provinces of France, representing 
the Distress to which they arc reduced at the Conclusion of the War 
in 1748, with Supplement, and Remarks on the Marine of France. 2 
folding plans of Toulon. 4to. London. 

ADAM, ROBERT. A Picturesque Journey in Istria and Dalmatia. 
London. 

Adam was the famous architect, one of four brothers in the same profession, 
whose best known work was the Adclphi Terrace in London. This trip to Dal- 
matia led to a study of the palace of Diocletian, which resulted in a finer use of 
Greek architectural style for domestic purposes in England. 

1766 NORTHALL, JOHN (Captain). Travels through Italy. Containing New 
and Curious Observations on that Country. London. 

These travels took place in 1752. The author was a captain in the army service 



WEST EUROPE 137 

SHARP, SAMUEL (M.D.). Letters from Italy, describing the Customs 
and Manners of that Country, in the Years 1765 and 1766; to which 
is annexed, an Admonition to Gentlemen who pass the Alps, in their 
Tour through Italy. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1767. 

Sharp was surgeon to Guy's Hospital and an eminent writer on surgery. 
These Letters are the outcome of a journey to Italy for his health. They were 
attacked by Barctti, between whom and Sharp arose a great "book fight/' as 
Fanny Burney called it, over some opinions expressed. Baretti followed his 
first attack in his Frustra Letteraria with his Account of the Manners and Cus- 
toms in Italy (1768). Sharp replied in the same year with his Views of the Cus- 
toms, Manners, Drama, . , . of Italy See 1768 below. Dr. Johnson remarked of 
these Letters (1776), "I read Sharp's Letters from Italy over again when I was 
at Bath. There is a great deal of matter in them." Modern opinion regards them 
as rather superficial. 



SMOLLETT, TOBIAS (Dr.). Travels through France and Italy, con- 
taining Observations on Character, Customs, Religion, Government, 
Police, Commerce, Arts and Antiquities, With a particular Descrip- 
tion of Nice. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

An edition, 2 vols., Dublin, 8vo, 1766; another, London, 1778; edited for the 
World's Classics by Thomas Seccombe, Oxford, 1907, 1919. Reprinted in various 

collected editions of his works. 

Smollett was probably the most embittered and cantankerous Englishman that 
ever travelled abroad. Everything and everybody conspired to excite his irasci- 
Sility. The food and the inns were bad, the accommodations were damp, dirty, 
and dark; the postillions, innkeepers, and the whole crew of caterers to travellers 
combined to irritate him with their sharp practices and outrageous extortions. 
Sterne met him at Turin and has left this memorable account of him: 'The 
learned Smelfungus travelled from Boulogne to Paris, from Paris to Rome, and 
so on, but he set out with the spleen and jaundice, and every object he passed 
by was discolored or distorted. He wrote an account of them, but 'twas noth- 
ing but the account of his miserable feelings " But Smollett was sick when he 
left England and still sick when he returned home. He realized himself that the 
cause of his discomforts lay largely in his poor health as well as in his inability 
to adapt himself to foreign ways. Nevertheless, being an acute observer, he saw 
much more than he was given credit for. 



THICKNESSE, PHILIP. Observations on the Customs and Manners 
of the French Nation ; in a Series of Letters in which that Nation is 
vindicated from the Misrepresentations of some late Writers. Lon- 
don, 

2nd edit., London, 1779; 3rd, London, 1789, with considerable additions, to- 
gether with the routes through Germany, Holland, Switzerland, differences of 
money, etc, 

Thicknesse travelled widely and encountered a variety of experience. He went 
out with Oglethorpe to Georgia in 1735, became Licut.-Governor of Landguard 
Fort in 1766, was a patron of Gainsborough, and thought he had discovered the 
author of the Letters of Juttius in the person of Home Tooke. See also under 
1769, 1777, and 1788 below. 



138 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1766-1773 NUGENT, THOMAS. The History of Vandalia, containing the 
Ancient and Present State of the County of Mecklenburg; its Revo- 
lutions under the Vandals, the Venedi, and the Saxons; with the Suc- 
cession and memorable Actions of its Sovereigns. $ vols. 4to. Lon- 
don. (See under 1768 below.) 

1767 CORIAT, JUNIOR. Another Traveller; or, Cursory Remarks and Triti- 

cal Observations made upon a Journey through Part of the Nether- 
lands in 1766 by Coriat Junior. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

The author was Samuel Paterson, the celebrated auctioneer and bookseller. 
His talent for cataloguing was unrivalled. . . . Few men of this country had so 
much bibliographical knowledge; and perhaps we never had a Bookseller who 
knew so much of the contents of books generally; and he was particularly well 
acquainted with our English Poets. From Nichols, Literary Anecdotes Of this 
work Dr. Johnson said, "This book was in imitation of Sterne and not of Coriat, 
whose name Paterson had chosen as a whimsical one." Paterson, in a pamphlet 
entitled "An Appeal," etc., by Coriat Junior, 12mo, produced some evidence to 
show that his work was written before Sterne's Sentimental Journey appeared. 
Bookseller's Note. 

STEPHENS, P. 150 Views in Italy, etched by various Artists and Ama- 
teurs on the Spot. 4to. London. 

1768 BARETTI, JOSEPH. An Account of the Manners and Customs of 

Italy, with Observations on the Mistakes of some Travellers with Re- 
gard to that Country. 2 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., corrected, with notes and appendix, 2 vols , 8vo, London, 1769. 

For his controversy with Samuel Sharp, sec the latter under 1766 and 1768. 
Baretti was one of the best known Italian literati of his day. He resided a long 
time in London, where he became quite intimate with the Johnson circle He 
made a name for himself in England with his Italian Dictionary. For his Travels 
in Spain and Portugal see under 1770 below. 

BOSUULL, JAMES. An Account of Corsica: the Journal of a Tour 
to that Island, and Memoirs of Pascal Paoli. Folding map. 8vo. 
London. 

2nd edit., 8vo, London and Glasgow, 1768; 4th Irish edit., 8vo, Dublin, 1768. 
Translated into French, German, Dutch, and Italian. See also Gentlemen's Maga- 
zine, June, 1795. For the Italian and French versions see below. A modern reprint, 
edited by S C. Roberts, Cambridge, 1923 

This work made Boswcll famous. It is a lively account of his Quixotic ad- 
ventures in Corsica and his associations with General Paoli, whom he later ex- 
hibited in London, and for whom he endeavored to get official British assistance. 
His childish pleasure in being the chief sponsor of this wild island struggling to be- 
come a nation led him to wear a Corsican costume at Garrick's anniversary cele- 
bration in honor of Shakespeare held in 1769 at Stratford-on-Avon. Dr. Johnson 
praised his Tour in these words: "Your History is like other histories, but your 
Journal is in a very high degree curious and delightful . . . Your History was 
copied from books, your Journal rose out of your own experience and observa- 
tion." 



WEST EUROPE 139 

1768 (In Italian.) Osservationi di un Viaggiatore Inglese sopra ITsola de 

Corsica, scritte in Inglese sul luogo, f tradotte in Italiano London. 

1769 (In French.) Relation cle 1'Isle de Corse, Journal d'un Voyage dans cette 

Isle, et Memoir cs dc Pascal Paoli. Par Jacques Boswell, Ecuyer. En- 
richie d'une nouvelle et tres exacte Carte de la Corse. . . . Traduit de 
1'Aiiglois. Sur la secondc Edition. Par J. P I. Dti Bois. Folding map. 

8vo. The Hague. 

This is the first edition of the second French translation. 

NUGENT, THOMAS. Travels through Germany ; with a particular Ao 
count of the Court of Mecklenburgh. 2 vols. London. 

See Nugent under 1766-1773 above. 

SHARP, SAMUEL. A View of the Customs, Manners, Drama, ... of 
Italy, as they are described in the Frustra Litteraria and in the Ac- 
count of Italy in English, written by Mr. Baretti ; compared with the 
Letters from Italy, written by Mr. Sharp. 8vo. London. 

Baretti's Frustra Litteraria were written at Venice in 1763-1765, while he was 
carrying on a paper there. See Baretti under 1768 and Sharp under 1766 above. 

STERNE, LAURENCE. A Sentimental Journey through France and 
Italy. By Mr. Yorick. 2 vols. in 1. 12mo. London. 

This work is too well known to need description. Sterne, unlike Smollett, 
found amiability, courtesy, urbanity, dignity, cordiality, and sentiment everywhere 
and among all classes of Frenchmen. At the same time he was not blind to their 
defects, such as the abuses of power, for the Bastile was too obvious a fact to be 
ignored. This work was very popular in France. For a "Continuation" of the 
book sec Stevenson under 1769 below. 

TALBOT, SIR R. (?). Journey through France. Amsterdam. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

WOLF, JOHN. Sketches and Observations taken in a Tour through a 
Part of the South of Europe in 1757. London. 

1769 GROSLEY, PIERRE JEAN. New Observations on Italy. Translated 
by Thomas Nugent. 2 vols. London. 

French original, London and Paris, 1764. See below. 

Since the publication of Misson, this work met with great success, till it 
was superseded by those of Lalande and Richard Pinkerton XVII. This work is 
chiefly political and anecdotal; and in some parts of doubtful authority. Lowndcs. 

1764 GROSLEY, PIERRE JEAN. Nouveaux Memoires sur r Italic ct les 
Italiens, par deux Gentilhommes Suedois: traduit du Suedois. 3 vols. 
London and Paris. 



140 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Letters concerning the present State of the French Nation . . . With a 
cornpleat Comparison between France and Great Britain. London. 

STEVENSON, JOHN HALL. Yorick's Sentimental Journey, contin- 
ued. To which is prefixed some Account of the Life and Writings of 
Mr. Sterne. 2 vols. in 1. London. 

Stevenson was a friend of Sterne and the "Eugenius" of the Sentimental 
Journey. Quaritch. 

THICKNESSE, PHILIP. Remarks on the Character and Manners of 
the French, in a Series of Letters written during a Residence of twelve 
Months in Paris and its Environs. London. 

Reprinted, 2 vols., London, 1770. 

1770 An Account of the Character and Manners of the French, with Occasional 
Observations on the English. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

BARETTI, JOSEPH. A Journey from London to Genoa through Eng- 
land, Portugal, Spain and France. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

Two other editions appeared the same year. Italian original, Milan, 1761. 
See below. 

This work was suggested to Baretti by Dr. Johnson, who advised him on the 
method he should adopt. "It was he," says Baretti in his preface, "that exhorted 
me to write daily, and with all possible minuteness : it was he that pointed out 
the topics which would most interest and most delight." Bookseller's Note. The 
greater part of these travels have to do with Portugal and Spain. The personal 
adventures and observations of people and incidents are delightful reading. Ac- 
cording to some critics the original Italian version has a freshness and vividness 
that is not quite reproduced in the English. In his Memoirs Raretti says that the 
English version is not merely a simple translation of the Italian, but is almost a 
new work. It contains an appendix which lists several itineraries in the interior 
of Spam and gives a brief recital of what he had observed during a new voyage 
he had made in December, 1768, to February, 1769. According to Foulche-Del- 
bosc, the Italian edition contained only 47 letters, whereas the English had 89. 

1761 BARETTI, JOSEPH. Lettere familiari di Giuseppe Baretti ai suoi tre 
fratelli Filippo, Giovanni e Amadco. 2 vols. Milan. 

Many later editions of this work were published. 

BOCAGE, MADAME DU. Letters concerning England, Holland, and 
Italy. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

An entertaining work. Lowndes. 

MILLARD, JOHN. The Gentleman's Guide in his Tour through France, 
wrote by an Officer in the Royal Navy, with a correct Map of all the 
Post-Roads. Distances of Towns, Expence of Travelling, . . . 8vo. 
London. 

The 9th edit., with additions by T. Martyn, London, 1787. 



WEST EUROPE 141 

WILKINSON, J. L. Excursions in France. London. 
Reprinted, 2 vols., London, 1775. 

1771 ARMSTRONG, JOHN (Dr.) A Short Ramble through France and 

Some Parts of Italy. London. 

For an account of his personality, see Fanny Burncy's Diary under date of 
Sept. 15, 1771. She reports him as being past the age of enjoying foreign coun- 
tries and foreign manners. He travelled with the painter Fuseli. As is usual with 
travellers in pairs, they quarreled and parted at Genoa. He used the pseudonym 
"Lancelot Temple." To students of eighteenth century literature Armstrong is 
known for his didactic poem, "The Art of Preserving Health." 

BURNEY, CHARLES (Dr.). The Present State of Music in France 
and Italy : or, The Journal of a Tour Through Those Countries, Un- 
dertaken to Collect Materials for a General History of Music. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1773. Translated into German by Ebeling, Hamburg, 1772. 
For further details see his Tour under date of 1773 below. 

JAMES, THOMAS (Lieut.-Colonel). The History of the Herculean 
Straits, now called the Straits of Gibraltar; including those Parts of 
Spain and Barbary that lie contiguous thereto. 2 vols. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

TALBOT, SIR R. Letters on the French Nation. 2 vols. London. 
See Talbot under 1768 above. The two items may be the same. 

WINCKELMAN, JOHN (Abbe). A Critical Account of the Situation 
and Destruction by the First Eruption of Mount Vesuvius, of Her- 
culaneum, Pompeii and Stabia ... in a Letter to Count Bruhl. (Trans- 
lated with notes from the German.) London. 

1772 HAMILTON, SIR WILLIAM. Observations on Mount Vesuvius, 

Mount Etna, and other Volcanos, with explanatory Notes by the Au- 
thor, hitherto unpublished. 5 copperplates of volcanoes and folding 
map. 8vo, London. 

2nd edit., 8vo, London, 1773; 3rd and last, 8vo, London, 1774. Translated into 
German, Berlin, 1773. See below. For another account of volcanoes see under 
1776-79 below. 

The author was the well known British envoy at the Court of Naples, art 
enthusiast and collector. "Two points in his description are of especial interest, 
one referring to the changes which occurred in the central cone, the other to the 
actual outbreak of the great lava-flood to which he was a witness." Prof Bon- 
ney, quoted by Sotheran. His works are in high and merited repute among the 
learned; as were for many years the hospitalities of himself and Lady Hamilton 
to every British Traveller of Distinction. Their services to the publick in assist- 
ing the immortal Nelson will never be forgotten. From Nichols, Literary An- 
ecdotes. 



142 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1773 HAMILTON, SIR WILLIAM. Observations on Mount Vesuvius, Mount 
Etna, and other Volcanoes ; in a Series of Letters, addressed to the 

Royal Society, from the Hon. Sir W. Hamilton, to which are added 
Explanatory Notes by the Author. Plates. 8vo. London. 

1773 (In German.) Beobachtungen tiber den Vesuv, den Aetna und andere Vul- 
kane, nebst neuen erlauterndeti Anmerkungen des Herrn Verfassers. 
5 copperplates and folding map. 12mo. Berlin. 

A Tour of Holland, Dutch Brabant, the Austrian Netherlands and Part 
of France; in which is concluded a Description of Paris and its En- 
virons. Folding map. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1788. 

WRAXALL, NATHANIEL WILLIAM. A Tour through the Western, 
Southern, and Interior Provinces of France. London. 

Another edition, with added matter, 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1777 ; again in 1785. 
Translated into French, Paris, 1777. See below. 

Wraxall is almost the only modern traveller who has visited any large por- 
tion of France, except Young; but his observations are generally too much con- 
fined to the history of the parts he visited. Pinkerton XVII. He followed routes 
usually neglected by his compatriots. He admired the country more than the cities, 
which he generally found poorly built. He noticed the poverty and the oppres- 
sion of the inhabitants, which seem to consort ill with the appearance of happiness 
he observed prevalent among the peasants. 

1777 WRAXALL, NATHANIEL WILLIAM. Memoirs of the Kings of 
France of the Race of Valois, with a Tour through the Western, 
Southern and Interior Provinces of France. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

This work was reissued in 1785 as The History of France . . . 
from the Accession of Charles V ', etc. 

1777 (In French.) Tournee dans les provinces occidentals, meridionales et 
interieures de la France, faite par M. N. Wraxall, junior. Traduite de 
l'anglais. 12mo. Paris. 

1773 Antiquities of Herculaneum; translated from the Italian by Thomas Mar- 
tyn and John Lettice. 4to. London. 

Only this volume, containing the pictures, was published. Lowndes. 

BRYDONE, PATRICK. A Tour through Sicily and Malta, in a Series 
of Letters to William Beckford. Folding map. 2 vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

2nd edit., corrected, 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1774; another edition, London, 1790. 
Translated into French, Amsterdam, 1775; London and Paris, 1776. A Supplement 
in French by Comte dc Bolch, Turin, 1782. See below. Noticed in the Journal des 
S caverns, 1776, II, 7. 

Liveliness of description of manners and scenery, couched in an easy and 
elegant style, has rendered these volumes extremely popular, notwithstanding they 
3o not display much learning or knowledge and are even sometimes superficial 
and inaccurate. Lowndes. Fanny Burney, in her Diary, under date of March 3, 
1773, speaks highly of this work: "I have received very great pleasure from this 



WEST EUROPE 143 

book. ... It discovers throughout a liveliness of imagination, and insatiate curios- 
ity after knowledge and the most vehement desire of instruction." This last 
quality may have been its chief merit in her eyes. Boswell criticises it because, 
though entertaining, it introduces an "anti-mosaical remark," having to do with 
the age of the earth as calculated from evidences of volcanoes. Dr. Johnson 
thought Brydone would have been a great traveller, if he had been more atten- 
tive to the Bible. These travels were made in 1765-1771. 

1776 (In French.) Voyage en Sicile et a Malthc, traduit de 1'anglais par De- 
meunier. 8vo. London. 

1782 BORCH, COMTE DE. Lettrcs sur la Sicile et 1'Isle de Malte, pour 

servir de Supplement au Voyage de Brydone. 2 vols. 8vo. Turin. 

BURNEY, CHARLES (Dr.). Travels through the Low-Countries, Hol- 
land and Germany. London. 

Those portions of his journals concerned with his musical experiences have 
been selected and edited by C. H. Glover, London, 1927. This 2nd tour translated 
into German by Bode, Hamburg, 1773; into Dutch, with notes, by J. W. Lustig, 
Groningen (?), 1786. 

Burney states that his object in travelling was to get what information he 
could relative to the music of the ancients, "and to judge with my own eyes the 
present state of modern music in the places through which I should pass, from 
the performance and conversation of the first musicians in Italy." His journals 
of his first tour to France and Italy (see under 1771 above) and the present one 
here cited contain interesting records of meetings with noted men of his day, and 
of his adventures on his travels, of the discomforts he endured on the road, and 
of the devastations wrought by the Seven Years' War. Among the famous 
musicians finding mention in his books are Bach, Handel, Tartini, Boccherini, Gal- 
uppi, Scarlatti, and the boy prodigy Mozart whom he had heard play in London. 
His descriptions of the various orchestras attached to the petty courts of Germany 
and of the unsatisfactory performance of the woodwind instruments have some 
bearing on the practice of modern conductors in enlarging the orchestration of 
eightenth century compositions. 

1927 BURNEY, CHARLES, (Mus. D.). Continental Travels, 1770-72; com- 
piled from his Journals, . . . Edited by C. H. Glover. 8vo. London. 

CORKE AND ORRERY, JOHN, EARL OF. Letters from Italy in the 
Years 1754-55, published from the Originals, with explanatory Notes 
by Rev. John Dunsconibe. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., 8vo, London, 1774. 

RIEDELSEL, JOHANN HERMANN, BARON VON. Travels through 
Sicily and that part of Italy called Magna Graecia; and a Tour through 
Egypt. Translated from the German by J. R. Forster. 8vo. London. 

German original, Zurich, 1771. See below. 

1771 RIEDELSEL, JOHANN HERMANN, BARON VON. Reise durch Sic- 
ilien und Grossgriechenland. 8vo. Zurich. 

1774 The Roads of Italy, engraved on 26 copper-plates from the MS. Drawings 
of a Nobleman of Distinction, wherein are found all the Cities, Towns, 
Villages, Rivers, . . . Map and plates. 8vo. London. 



144 A REEERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1775 BOURRIT, MARC THF.ODORE. Relation of a Journey to the Glaciers 
in the Duchy of Savoy, translated (from the French) by C. and F. 
Davy. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit, 12mo, London, 1776. A French edition, embodying later journies, 
Geneva, 1785. See below. 

The author, who was precentor of the Cathedral of Geneva, made innumer- 
able trips in this region of the Alps, attempting on several of them to achieve the 
ascent of Mont Blanc. In 1787 he all but accomplished his ambition. There is 
a good account of his efforts and explorations in dc Beer's Early Travellers in 
the Alps 

1785 BOURRIT, MARC THEODORE Nouvelle Description des Glacieres 
de Savoye, partieulicrement dc la vallee de Chamount et du Mont-Blanc. 
Map and 4 plates. 8vo. Geneva. 

A Brief Account of the Roads of Italy for the Use of Gentlemen who trav- 
el with the Post, with a full Description of the Cities, Towns, Villages 
and Rivers, . . . London. 

See The Roads of Italy under 1774 above. 

E., W. B. A Letter to the late Lord Lyttleton, containing a Description of 
the Last Great Eruption, ... of Mount Aetna, A. D., 1766. (With an 
etched plate of a new view of the Simplon by J. T., 1775.) London. 



TIMBERTOE, TIMOTHY. A Trip to Calais. London. 

Cited in Ponton's Catalogue. 

TWISS, RICHARD. Travels through Portugal and Spain, in 1772 and 
1773. With ... an Appendix. Map and plates. 4to. London. 

Issued also in 2 vols , 12mo, Dublin, 1775. Translated into French, Berne, 
1776; into German, Leipzig, 1776. See below. 

Fanny Burney records meeting Twiss at the Burney house under date of 
March 17, 1774. In 1776, Twiss wrote, "I ha\e now visited the greatest part of 
England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany, Bohemia, Italy, Portugal and Spain, and 
including sea voyages, have journeyed about 27,000 miles, which is 2000 more 

than the circumference of the earth." He gives very fair reasons against travelling 
with companions, or tutors, and seems to have been by no means extravagant in 
his expenses. Note by the editor of the Rurney Diary Of these Travels Dr. 
Johnson remarked, "They are as good as the first book of travels that you will 
take up. They arc as good as those of Keysler or Blainville: nay, as Addison's, 
if you except the learning. They are not as good ai> Brydone's, but they are bet- 
ter than Pococke's." 

1776 (In French.) Voyage en Portugal ct en Espagne fait en 1772 et 1773, par 
Richard Twiss, Kentilhomme anglois, Mcmbre dc la Societe Royale. 
Traduit de I'anglois et orne d'une carte des 2 royaume^. 8vo. Berne. 

1776 (In German.) Reisen durch Portugal und Spanien in den Jahren 1772 und 
1773. Aus clem Englischon von Christoph Daniel Ebelmg. 8vo. Leipzig. 



WEST EUROPE 145 

1776 FERBER, J. J. Travels through Italy in the years 1771 and 1772, De- 
scribed in a Series of Letters to Baron Bern on the Natural History, 
particularly the Mountains and Volcanoes of that Country. Translated 
by R. E. Raspe. 8vo. London. 

German original, Prague, 1773. 

For Raspe on volcanoes see this date below. See also under Born, 1777, below. 

MARSHALL, JOSEPH. Travels through France and Spain, in the 
years 1770 and 1771. In which is particularly minuted the present 
State of those Countries, respecting their Agriculture, Population, 
Manufactures, Commerce, the Arts and Useful Undertakings. 8vo. 
London. 

This is vol. IV of Travels through Holland, Flanders, etc., published in 1772. 
See Marshall under 1772, CONTINENTAL EUROPE. Translated into German, 
Danzig, 1778. See below. 

1778 (In German.) Reisen durch Frankreich und Spanien . . . 8vo. Danzig. 

PALMER, JOSEPH. Four Months' Tour through France. London. 
The author was Dean of Cashel, Ireland. 

RASPE, RUDOLPH ERICH. An Account of some German Volcanoes, 
and their Productions, with a new Hypothesis of the Prismatical Ba- 
saltes ; established upon Facts : being an Essay of Physical Geography. 
. . . Folding plates. 8vo. London. 

Raspe was one of the first geologists to adopt the view that basalt was of 
volcanic origin. This work, unknown to Poggendorff, is also of interest for the 
personality of the author, a German Professor at Cassel, who fled to England in 
1775 to avoid punishment for theft. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 
but was expelled when his antecedents became known. He was the author of the 
original "Baron Munchausen," and a swindler of a most interesting type, on whom 
the character of "Dousterswivel" and the incidents connected with him, are based 
in Scott's Antiquary Sotheran. 

RIGGS, ANNA (Lady Anne Millar). Letters from Italy, Describing the 
Manners, Customs, Antiquities, Paintings, ... of that Country, in the 
Years 1770 and 1771. London (?) or Bath (?). 

This, the first edition, was published anonymously. 2nd edit , revised and cor- 
rected, 2 vols., 8yo, London. 

The author is the Lady Anne Millar who instituted the literary salon at her 
place in Batheaston, where each guest was invited to contribute an original poem, 
the winner being appropriately crowned. An amusing account of one of her as- 
semblies is to be found in Madame D'Arblay's Diary She was also the butt of 

Horace Walpole's wit. 



146 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1776-1779 HAMILTON, SIR WILLIAM. Campi Phlegraei : Observations on 
the Volcanoes of the Two Sicilies (with Supplement to the Campi 
Phlegraei). 59 plates, colored like drawings, of ships, volcanoes, views, 
geological specimens, etc., and one double page colored map of the 
Bay of Naples. 3 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 

The supplementary volume was added in 1779. The text is in French and 
English. 

For his observations on Mount Vesuvius, etc., see under 1772 above. His 
leisure was chiefly m'cupied in the study of volcanic phenomena, and in the for- 
mation of his remarkable collection of antiquities. Within four years he had as- 
cended Vesuvius twenty-two times, more than once at great risks, making himself 
or causing Fabris, an artist trained in the work by him, to do numberless sketches 
at all stages of the eruptions. He witnessed and described the eruptions of 1776 
and 1777. DN.B. 

1777 BI^ANKETT, JOHN. Letters from Portugal, on the late and present 
State of that Kingdom. London. 

Translated into French, London and Paris, 1780; into German, from the 
French edition, Leipzig, 1782. See below. The date of the original English edition 
is in doubt. 

According to Barbier, the author of these Letters was a Miss Philadelphia 
Stevens (or Stephens), of whom one finds no mention in English bibliographies. 
Halkett and Laing attribute them to Lieutenant (later Admiral) Blankett, as 
seems more likely. Foulche-Delbosc. 

1780 (In French ) Lettres ecrin-s de Portugal, Sur 1'etat ancien ct actuel de ce 
Royaumc Traduites dc 1'anglois. Suivies du portrait historique de M. le 
Marquis de Pombal. 8vo. London and Paris. 

The translator is H.-J Jansen, to whom has been attributed the 
"Portrait." Foulchc-Dclbosc. 

1782 (In German.) Briefe ubcr Portugal ncbst cinem Anhang iiber Brasilien. 
Aus dem Franzosischen. Mit Anmerkungen herausgegeben von Mat- 
thias Christ. Sprengel, Professor der Geschichte in Halle 8vo. Leip- 
zig. 

BORN, BARON INIGO. Travels through the Bannat of Temeswar, 
Transylvania and Hungary, in 1770. To which is added, J. J. Fer- 
ber's Mineralogical History of Bohemia. Translated from the German, 
with some explanatory Notes, and a Preface on the Mechanical Arts, 
the Art of Mining and its present State and future Improvement, b> 
R. E. Raspe. 8vo. London. 

A very valuable mineralogical tour, likewise containing some curious notices 
respecting the tribes inhabiting Transylvania and the adjacent districts. Lowndeb. 

CARTER, FRANCIS. A Journey from Gibraltar to Malaga; with a 
View of that Garrison and its Environs; a Particular Account of the 
Towns in the Hoya of Malaga; the Ancient and Natural History of 
those Cities, of the Coast between them, and the Mountains of Ronda. 



WEST EUROPE 147 

Illustrated with medals of each municipal town ; and a chart, per- 
spective and drawings, taken in the year 1772. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

A volume of plates was sold separately. Reprinted in 1778 with the plates 
inserted. ^Nichols, Literary Anecdotes 2nd edit., 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1780. 
Translated into German, Leipzig, 1779. See below 

"A very curious Journey from Malaga to Gibraltar, through the Moorish 
part of Spain, by a Mr. Carter, is printing with all speed, and correcting by 
Arabic Jones (doubtless Sir William Jones). Much is expected of it." From 
Richard Gough to Rev. Michael Tyson, Mar. 6, 1776, quoted by Nichols, Liter- 
ary Anecdotes The many coins engraved in this work were from the Collection 
of the celebrated Spanish medallist Flores, whose cabinet Mr. Carter purchased on 

his death, and disposed of the duplicates to Dr. Hunter. Nichols. 

1779 (In German ) Reise von Gibraltar nach Malaga im Jahr 1772. Aus dem 
Englischen. 2 vols. 8vo. Leipzig. 

CAYLEY, CORNELIUS. A Tour through Holland, Flanders and Part 
of France (in 1772). Leeds. 



DALRYMPLE, WILLIAM (Major). Travels through Spain and Port- 
ugal, in 1774; with a Short Account of the Spanish Expedition against 
Algiers in 1775. Map and frontispiece. 12mo. Dublin. 

Printed in London the same year. Translated into German, Leipzig, 1778; 
Berlin, 1784; into French, Paris, 1783; Paris and Brussels, 1787 See below. 

1778 (In German.) Reisen durch Spanien und Portugal im Jahr 1774; nebst 
einer Kurzen Nachricht von der spanischcn Unternchnumg auf Algier 
im Jahr 1775. Aus dem Englischen ubcrsetzt mit einiger Anmerkungcn 
und Zusatzcn. 8vo. Leipzig. 

1783 (In French.) Vo>age en Kspagne et en Portugal dans Tannce 1774. Avec 
une Relation de TExpedition des Espagnols contre les Algeriens en 
1775. Par le Major W Dalrymple. Traduit de 1'Anglois par un Ofn- 
cier Francois. 8vo. Paris. 

The French translator was the Marquis Germain Hyacinthe de 

Romance de Mesmon. 

The Englishman's Fortnight in Paris, or the Art of Ruining Himself there 
in a few Days. By an Observer. Translated from the French. 8vo. 
London. 

The French original seems to have been attributed to Sterne Sec below. 
"This work may he had of the booksellers in French printed from the Paris 
edition, which was suppressed in that country." Quoted by Bookseller. 

1776 STEARNE, DOCTEUR. La Quinzaine Annloise a Paris cm L'Art de 
S'y Ruiner en Pen de Terns. Ouvrage posthume du Docteur Stearne, 
traduit de 1'Anglois par un Observateur 8\o. Londres 

Is this another hoax of this century of hoaxes? 

FERBER, JOHN JAMES. Mineralogical History of Bohemia. See 
Born, Travels through the Bannat of Temeswar, under this date above. 



148 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

FOURMONT, . Travels in France. London. 

So cited hy Pinkerton XVII. 

HOWARD, JOHN. The State of the Prisons in England, Wales . . . and 
an Account of some foreign Prisons and Hospitals. Plates. Warring- 
ton. 

2nd and 3rd editions, with additions, 4to, Warrington, 1780 and 1784. Subse- 
quent observations were embodied in a volume called An Account of the Princi- 
pal Lazarettos in Europe, Warrington, 1789. A second volume of this was pub- 
lished in 1791, and a 4th edit, of the State of the Prisons, a reprint of the 3rd, in 
1792. Modern edition in Everyman's Library, somewhat abridged, London, 1929. 

The author is the well known prison reformer and philanthropist, whose 
wealth and position as Sheriff of Bedfordshire enabled him to effect considerable 
improvement even during his own lifetime in the management, sanitation, and 
treatment of prisoners. Before he put his investigations into print he visited every 
English prison two or three times, and then toured Europe twice, "conjecturing 
that something useful to my purpose might be collected abroad." In all he made 
five journies abroad He died in far off Crimea on an errand of mercy and was 
buried at Chersoii, fifteen hundred miles away from his home in Bedfordshire. 
Compassion like his for the miserable and the outcast was seldom met with in 
his century In 1780, while he was yet alive, Burke described his mission in these 
words: "To dive into the depths of dungeons and plunge into the infection of 
hospitals ; to survey the mansions of sorrow and pain ; to take the gauge and 
measure of misery, depression, and contempt ; to remember the forgotten, to at- 
tend to the neglected, to visit the forsaken, and compare and collate the miseries 
of all men in all countries." See the Introduction to the edition in Everyman's 
Library. 

JONES, WILLIAM (Rev.). Observations in a Journey to Paris, by Way 
of Flanders, in the month of August, 1776. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

MELMOTH, COURTNEY. Travels for the Heart, written in France. 
2 vols. London. 

Author's real name was Samuel Pratt ; he will be remembered as being the 
object of Dr. Johnson's derision He was an acquaintance of Mrs. Thrale's at 
Bath. He also translated some Pliny and Cicero. 

SANDBY, PAUL. Sixteen Views in Naples and other Parts of Italy. 
Fol. London. 

Sandby was a well known water color painter and engraver. He introduced 
the aquatint process of engraving into England, which was so largely used in 
illustrated books of scenery at the time. 

THICKNESSE, PHILIP. A Year's Journey through France and Part of 
Spain. Engravings. 2 vols. 8vo. London arid Bath. 

2nd edit., with additions, 2 vols., London, 1778; 3rd edit., with plates and 
music, 2 vols., London, 1789. Translated into German, Leipzig, 1778. See below 
and also under 1766 above. 

Disappointed in the expectation of falling heir to some property, in 1775, 
"driven out of his own country with eight children in his train," he removed 
himself to Spain, where he thought he could live more cheaply than in England. 



WEST EUROPE 149 

This trip employed him until November, 1776, and produced the above book. 
Boswcll records under April 3, 1778: "Johnson. I have been reading Thicknesse's 

Travels, which I think are entertaining. Boswcll. What, Sir, a good book? 
Johnson. Yes, Sir, to read once ; I do not say that you are to make a study of it, 
and digest it." Fanny Burncy notes some unfavorable comments by Johnson on 
Thicknesse. 

1778 (In German.) Reisen durch Frankreich und einen Theil von Katalonien. 
Aus dem Englischen. 8vo. Leipzig. 

1778 AYSCOUGH, GEORGE. EDWARD. Letters from an Officer in the 

Guards to his Friend in England, containing some Accounts of France 
and Italy. 8vo. London. 

The author was a dramatist who produced a version of Voltaire's "Semi- 
ramis" at Drury Lane, in 1776. 

FORTIS, ALBERTO (Abbe). Travels into Dalmatia: containing Gen- 
eral Observations 011 the Natural History of that Country and the 
Neighboring Islands: The Natural Productions, Arts, Manners and 
Customs of the Inhabitants ; in a Series of Letters to the Earl of Bute, 
the Bishop of Londonderry, John Strange, ... to which are added by 
the same Author, Observations on the Islands of Cherso and Osero, 
translated from the Italian, with an Appendix and Other Additions. 
20 copperplates. 4to. London. 

This work treats principally of the geology, natural history and antiquities of 
the country with notices of the singular races which inhabit it ... His work is 
very erroneous Lowndes 

The Grand Tour, or a Journey through the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, 
and France. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

HULL, THOMAS. Select Letters between the late Duchess of Somer- 
set, Lady Luxborough, Miss Dolman, Mr. Whistler, Mr. R. D. Dodsley, 
Wm. Shenstone, Esq., and others. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

In these volumes will be found a sketch of the manners, laws, etc , of the 
republic of Venice. Lowndes. 

1779 BOURGET, JOHN (Dom.). History of the Royal Abbey of Bee, near 

Rouen in Normandy. Translated from the French (by Dr. Ducarel). 
Plates. 8vo. London. 

This work is usually appended to Cough's Alien Priories. Ixnvndes 

COXE, WILLIAM. Sketches of the Natural, Civil and Political State 
of Swisserland ; in a Series of Letters to William Melmoth, 8vo. 
London. 



150 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Translated into French, Paris, 1781, and 1787, with additions by the trans- 
lator (Ramond de Carbonnieres) Sec below. For his later account of Switzer- 
land sec under 1791 below, and for general travels over other parts of Europe 
under 1784, NORTH EUROPE. 

Archdeacon Coxe made four trips to Switzerland in 1776, 1779, 1785, and 
1780, which are all combined as one account in the second and succeeding editions 
of this book. While his chief interest was in the political constitutions of the Swiss 
cantons, he did a great deal of sight-seeing, visited many shrines, and observed 
acutely the disposition of the inhabitants. At Zug his curiosity was much piqued 
by discovering that the patron saint of the church was the old Northumbrian 
king, Oswald. One concludes from a reading of this tireless traveller that Switzer- 
land must have been a most baffling complexity of boundaries, languages, faiths, 
and localisms. 

1781 (In French ) Lettres de M. W. Coxe a M. W. Melmoth sur 1'etat politique, 
civil et naturel de la Suisse. Traduit de 1'anglois augmentee des obser- 
vations faites dans le mcme pays, par le traductcur (Ramond de Car- 
bonnieres). 12mo. Paris. 

Ramond made a visit to Switzerland in 1777. This remarkable man, 
one of the founders of French geology, was Counsellor to the Cardinal 
de Rohan and was employed by him in his relations with the extra- 
ordinary charlatan, Balsamo or Cagliostro, and was sent on a mission 
to England to trace the Queen's necklace, immortalised by Alexander 
Dumas. . . . His translation of Coxe was utilised by Wordsworth in his 
Descriptive Sketches From de Beer, Early Travellers in the Alps. 

MOORE, JOHN (Dr.). A View of Society and Manners in France, 
Switzerland and Germany : with Anecdotes relating to some Eminent 
Characters. By a Gentleman who resided several years in those Coun- 
tries. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Several editions followed, the 4th being in 3 vols., Dublin, 1792; 9th edit , 2 vols., 
London, 1800 Translated into French, Geneva, 1781. See below. For his View 
of Italy sec under 1781 below. Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1779, VI, 517. 

The author was a surgeon and a man of letters He served as surgeon's mate 
in the Duke of Argyll's regiment in Holland in 1747; took his medical degree at 
Glasgow in 1770; travelled with Douglas, 8th Duke of Hamilton, in 1772-78; and 
was the friend, physician, and editor of Smollett. D.N.B He carried with him 
many preconceptions, such as the belief that the lower classes of France lived 
in a state of oppression. But he was forced to admit that the condition of the 
people, especially in Paris, was superior to what he found in several other coun- 
tries of Europe. He pays tribute to the universal politeness of the French and 
to their gaiety. Of the cities he saw only Paris, Lyons, and Strassburg. 



1781 



(In French.) Lettres d'un voyageur sur la France, la Suisse et 1'Alle- 
magne. Traduites de 1'anglais. 2 vols. 8vo. Geneva. 



SHERLOCK, MARTIN (Rev.). Letters from an English Traveller, 
written from Berlin, Dresden, Vienna, Rome, Naples, and France, in 
1776, 1777, and 1778. Translated from the French by the Rev. John 
Dunscombe. London. 

Revised by the author, London, 1780. Reissued, with New Letters, London, 

1780; these republished, London, 1781. French original, Geneva, 1779; another 
French version, London and Paris, 1780. See below. 

The first English edition contained 27 letters, "the quintessence of 200 which 
this lively Traveller had written ; originally published in French, that the con- 
noisseurs 011 the Continent might not be deprived of the pleasure of perusing them. 
They are dated in the years 1776, 1777, and 1778, from Berlin, Dresden, etc. . . . 



WEST EUROPE 151 

He describes every object in a striking point of yiew, which gives an air of nov- 
elty to observations that would otherwise be familiar to many readers." He was an 
eccentric and original writer, very solicitous of fame and report about himself. 
From Nichols, Literary Anecdotes. He enjoyed the theaters and the society of 
French men of letters, and was much struck with the amiability of the French 
people. 

1780 SHERLOCK, MARTIN (Rev.). Letters (with New Letters) from an 

English Traveller. Translated from the French Original, . . . with 
Notes. New Edition, revised and corrected. 8vo. London. 

1781 SHERLOCK, MARTIN (Rev.). New Letters from an English Travel- 

ler, written originally in French, and now translated into English by 
the Author. 8vo. London. 

This collection contains 44 letters, which were as well received in 
all the foreign journals as the author seems to have been in foreign 
courts. From Nichols, Literary Anecdotes. 

1779 SHERLOCK, MARTIN. Lettres d'un voyageur anglais. 12mo. Geneva. 

A French version, London, 1780. What is called a 2nd edit., 8vo, 
Paris, 1780. 



SWINBURNE, HENRY. Travels through Spain, in the Years 1775 and 
1776. In which several Monuments of Roman and Moorish Archi- 
tecture are illustrated by accurate Drawings taken on the Spot. 4to. 
London. 

2nd edit., with additions, 2 vols., London, 1787; an edition 2 vols., 8vo, Dub- 
lin, 1783-86. Translated into French, Paris, 1787. See below. Noticed in the 
Journal des Scavans, 1780, II, 219. 

The plates are of great excellence. His drawings were faithful to fact and 
elegant in design. D.N.B. "Henley has announced to me Swinburne's Travels, to 
which he performed the part of midwife. This circumstance, together with my 
fondness for the principal subject of the Travels (the Architecture), has made 
me purchase the book. ... I am much pleased with his plates of that wonderful 
building, the Alhambra; but I draw a different conclusion from them. Swin- 
burne thinks our Goths borrowed nothing from them ; I think even the leading 
feature, the Pointed Arch, was taken from the Saracen." Rev. M. Tyson to 
R. Gough, dated March 29, 1779; quoted by Nichols, Literary Anecdotes For 
the author's travels in the Sicilies see under 1783-85 below. Swinburne also made 
several trips to France from 1771 to 1791. Being a Catholic he was educated in 
France. These trips were preserved in letters and published in London, 1841, un- 
der the title, The Courts of Europe at the Close of the last Century. He was 
a somewhat superficial man of the world, but he observed a great variety of things 
and for this is interesting. He cared little for the countryside or for French 
peasant life. He is best in describing cities and society. 

1787 SWINBURNE, HENRY. Travels through Spain, in the Years 1775 and 

1776. In which several Monuments, . . . To which is added, A Journey 

from Bayonne to Marseilles. 2 vols. London. 

1787 (In French.) Voyage de Henri Swinburne en Espagne en 1775 et 1776, 
traduit de 1'anglais. 8vo. Paris. 

The French translator was Jean-Benjamin de la Borde, 



152 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1780 A Collection of the most remarkable Ruins of Lisbon, as they appeared 

immediately after the Great Earthquake and Fire which destroyed 
that City November 1, 1755, by Messieurs Paris and Pedagache. Col- 
ored and plaiti plates. Fol. London. 

DILLON, JOHN TALBOT. Travels through Spain, with a View to 
illustrate the Natural History and Physical Geography of that King- 
dom, in a Series of Letters. Including- the most interesting Subjects 
contained in the Memoirs of Don Guillermo Bowles, and other Spanish 
Writers. Interspersed with historical Anecdotes. Adorned with Cop- 
perplates and a new Map of Spain. With Notes and Observations rel- 
ative to the Arts, and descriptive of modern Improvements. Written 
in the Course of a late Tour through that Kingdom by John Talbot 
Dillon, Knight and Baron of the Sacred Roman Empire. Map of the 
Peninsula. Plates. 4to. London. 

Later editions: 8vo, Dublin, 1781 and 1782; 4to, London, 1783. Translated 
into German, Leipzig, 1782. See below. 

For his volume dealing with Spanish poetry see under 1781 below. 

1782 (In German.) Dillon's Reise durch Spanicn welche wichtige Beobachtung 
auf der Naturgeschichte, iiber den Handel, die Fabriken, den Ackerbau, 
nebst einem Auszug der merkwurdigen Sachcn aus Don Guillermo 
Bowles Kinleitung in die Naturgeschichte und physikalische Erdbes- 
chreibung von Spanicn enthalt Aus dem Englishchen iibersetzt und 
mit tibrigen Nachrichteri des Herrn Bowles vermehrt. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Leipzig. 

The translator's preface is signed J. A. Rngelbrecht. Foulche- 
Delbosc. The original was noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1780, 
VII, 215; 449. 

1781 DILLON, JOHN TALBOT. Letters from English Traveller in Spain, 

in 1778, on the Origin and Progress of Poetry in that Kingdom; with 
occasional Reflections on Manners and Customs; and illustrations of 
the Romance of Don Quixote. Adorned with Portraits of the most 
Eminent Poets. 8vo. London. 

The greater part of this work is borrowed from Origines de la Poesia castel- 
lana of Velasquez and from Sarmiento and Sedano. Foulche-Delbosc. 

PARKER, GEORGE. A View of Society and Manners in High and Low 
Life: being the Adventures in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, 
France, ... of Mr. G. Parker: in which is comprised a History of the 
Stage Itinerant. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

Republished under the following title: Life's Painter of variegated Colours 
in public and private Life, to which is added, A Dictionary of Modern Flash or 
Cant Language. London, n.d Another edition, 18mo, London, 1789. Lowndes. 

Parker was a soldier, actor, lecturer, and sergeant in the Seven Years' War. 
As an actor and lecturer he was not a success. Though patronized by Goldsmith, 
Johnson, and Reynolds, he sank into poverty. His autobiography is not regarded 
as trustworthy. D.N.B. 



WEST EUROPE 153 

RICHARD, (Abbe). For his account of Italy see below under the 

French title. 

This work was published in English, London, 1781, according to Pinkerton 
XVII. But this is the only mention of the work that has come to the notice of 
the editor. 

1768 RICHARD, M. L'ABBE. Description historique et critique de Tltalie, ou 
nouveaux memoires sur Tctat actuel de son gouvernement, des sciences, 
des arts, du commerce, de la population, et de 1'histoire naturelle. 6 
vols. Paris. 

This is the 2nd edition. These travels were performed about the 
year 1764 and the first edition appeared in 1766, but it was much en- 
larged in that of 1768. Notwithstanding several omissions and some 
ill-judged descriptions of works of art, the work met with great suc- 
cess. Pinkerton XVII. 

1782 CHARINGTON, LORD. Memoirs of the late Right Honourable Lord 
Charington; containing a genuine Description of the Government and 
Manners of the present Portuguese. London. 

Danverian History of the Affairs of Europe for 1731. With the Present 
State of Gibraltar and an Exact Description of it, and of the Spanish 
Works before it; Also of Dunkirk, and the Late Transactions there. 
Folding plates of both these places. 8vo. London. 

, J. Travelling Anecdotes through Various Parts of Europe, Vol. I 

(all published). 6 plates, one folding. 8vo. Rochester. 

See Douglas under 1785 below. Written much in the manner of Sterne; the 
humorous plates are drawn by the author. Bookseller's Note. 

Letters from Minorca ; describing the Constitution, Government, Produce, 
Antiquities and Natural History, of that Island ; with an accurate De- 
scription of the Town, Harbour, and Fortifications of Mahon ; and the 
Trade, Customs, and Manners, of the Minorquins. Map. Dublin. 

PEYRON, JEAN-FRANCOIS. Nouveau voyage en Espagne fait en 
1777 et 1778 ; dans lequel on traite des Moeurs, du Caractere, des Mon- 
uments anciens et modernes, du Commerce, du Theatre, de la Legis- 
lation des Tribunaux particuliers a ce Royaume, et de 1'Inquisition; 
avec de nouveaux details sur son etat, et sur une Procedure recent et 
fameuse. 2 vols. 8vo. London and Paris. 

Another edition, 2 vols., 8yo, London and Liege, 1783. This work appeared 
first under a slightly different title at Geneva, 1780. For an English rendering of 
portions of this work, see Bourgoing under 1789 below. 

Bourgoing states that the description of the kingdom of Granada is the most 
interesting part. Foulch-Delbosc. 



154 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

RIVERS, LORD. Briefe von und an denselben wahrend seines zweiten 
Aufenthalts in Deutschland, . . . Translated from his original Papers. 
Leipzig. 

So cited by Pinkcrton XVII. 

The Traveller's Vade Mecum through the Netherlands, and Parts of 
France and Germany, Designed principally for those who visit the Con- 
tinent by way of Margate and Ostend. Canterbury. 

1783 BARRAL, . Memoire sur 1'histoire naturelle des Corses. London 

(Paris). 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

The Female Spy, Or Mrs. Tonkins' Journey through France in the late 
War, undertaken by the express Order of Rt. Hon. Chas. Jas. Fox. 
London. 

1783-85 SWINBURNE, HENRY. Travels in the Two Sicilies, in the Years 
1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., 4 vols, 8vo, London, 1790; a new edition, London 1795. Translated 
into French, Paris, 1785. See below. 

"The warmth and animation of his descriptions discover an imagination highly 
susceptible of every bounty of Nature or Art; and, if he had a fault, it was the 
being too apt to relinquish simplicity for profusion of ornament, but, from this 
fault what Traveller is free?" Nichols, Literary Anecdotes. 

1785 (In French.) Voyages dans les deux Siciles de M. Henri Swinburne, 

dans les annces 1777, 1778, 1779, & 1780, traduits de 1'Anglois par Mile, 
de Kcralio. 8vo. Paris. 

Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1786, I, 285. 

1784 An Accurate Description of the Island and Kingdom of Sicily. 8vo. Fal- 

kirk. 

Another edition, with slightly enlarged title, appearing as a translation, Lon- 
don, 1786. See below. 

1786 An Accurate Description of Sicily : Provinces, Towns, Public Roads, . . . 

with a Narrative of Sardinia. Translated by D. Macnab. 8vo. London. 

THICKNESSE, PHILIP. A Year's Journey through the Pais Bas and 
Austrian Netherlands. Vol. I (all published). London. 

2nd edit, London, 1786, with considerable additions, such as the routes 
through Germany, Holland and Switzerland, differences of money, etc. 



WEST EUROPE 155 

1785 ANDREWS, JOHN (LL.D.). A Comparative View of the French and 

English Nations in their Manners, Politics and Literature. London. 

Andrews also wrote a work called Remarks on French and English Ladies. 
London, 1783. 

DOUGLAS, JAMES. Travelling Anecdotes through several Parts of 
Europe. Frontispiece. 8vo. London. 

This may be the 2nd edition of the work listed as Travelling Anecdotes under 

1782 above. 3rd edit., 8vo, London, 1786. 

HERVEY, CHRISTOPHER. Letters from Portugal, Spain, Italy and 
Germany, in the Years 1759 to 1761. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

1786 FLEURIOT, JEAN-MARIE-JEROME, (dit Marquis de Langle). A 

Sentimental Journey through Spain; written in French, by the Marquis 
de Langle, and translated from the Paris Edition, That was burnt by 
the common Hangman. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1st French edit., 12mo, Saint-Malo, with the title, The Voyage de Figaro, en 
Espagne, 1784. The edition which first bears the imprint of Paris was that of 
1796. Probably the one referred to in the English version was the 3rd, of 1785 
which has no place of publication designated. For the numerous French editions 
of this work and its history, see Foulche-Dclbosc, under No. 188. French original, 
1785. See below. 

Concerning the burning of his book, the author observes, "The reader loves 
a burned book; so does the bookseller, and so does the author." The work was 
very sarcastic in its criticisms of the manners and customs of the Spanish nation, 
and aroused the repercussion noted. Ticknor says of it, "A poor imitation of 
Sterne's Sentimental Journey, and as immoral and irreligious as its date may seem 
to imply." For Flcuriot's description of Switzerland see under 1791 below. 

1785 FLEURIOT, JEAN-MARIE-JEROME. Voyage en Espagne, par M. 
le Marquis de Langle. 2 vols. 8vo. (No place.) 

RUSvSELL, FRANCIS (5th Duke of Bedford). A Descriptive Journey 
through the interior Parts of Germany and France, including Paris, 
by a young English Peer of the highest Rank. 12mo. London. 

SHAW, J. Sketches of the History of the Austrian Netherlands, with 
Remarks on the Constitution, Commerce, Arts, and General State of 
the Provinces. 8vo. London. 



A Trip to Holland ; containing a Sketch of the Character of the People. 

2 vols. London. 



156 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1787 COST1GAN, ARTHUR WILLIAM. Sketches of Society and Manners 
in Portugal. In a Series of Letters from Arthur William Costigan, 
Esq., late a Captain of the Irish Brigade in the Service of Spain, to 
his Brother in London. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

The work bears no date on the title page, but the preface, written by the 
author's brother, Charles Costigan, gives 1787. Another edition, 2 vols., 8vo, 
London, 1788. Translated into German, Leipzig, 1788-89; into French, with addi- 
tions from other writers, Paris, 1804. See below. 

According to Francisque Michel, this work was composed by the brigadier 
Ferriere. Foulchc-Dclbosc. 

1788-89 (In German.) Captain Costigan. Skizzen der Sitten und dcs gesell- 
schaftlichcn Lebens in Portugal. Aus dem Englischen. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Leipzig. 

MARTYN, THOMAS. The Gentleman's Guide in his Tour through 
Italy. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, with a different title, London, 1791. Translated into French, (place 
?), 1791. See below. 

In 1778, Martyn, who was the son of the professor of botany at Cambridge 
and himself somewhat proficient in that science, started on a tour of the Continent. 
He visited Germany, Flanders, and Holland, but spent most of his time in Italy. 
He kept a journal of his travels, part of which he published anonymously under 
the above title. His name appears on the title-page of the 1791 edition. 

1791 MARTYN, THOMAS. A Tour through Italy; containing full Directions 
for travelling in that interesting Country ; with ample Catalogues of ev- 
ery Thing that is curious in Architecture, Painting, Sculpture, . . . 
Some Observations on the Natural History, and very particular Descrip- 
tions of the four principal Cities, Rome, Florence, Naples, and Venice, 
with their Environments. Colored chart. 8vo. London. 

1791 (In French.) Guide du Voyageur en Italic. Traduit de 1'anglais de M. 
Thomas Martyn. 2 parts in 1. (Place ?.) 

MARTYN, THOMAS. Sketch of a Tou, through Switzerland, with an 
accurate map. London. 

POWNALL, THOMAS. Notices and Descriptions of Antiquities of the 
Provincia Roniana of Gaul, now Provence, Languedoc ind Dauphine: 
With Dissertations on the Subjects of which those art Exemplars. 
And an Appendix, describing the Roman Baths and Thermae discov- 
ered in 1784, at Baden weiler. 7 engraved plates. 4to. London. 

This work professes to give a particular account of such monun ents of 
Roman Antiquity as are yet remaining in so fine a part of the Roman Empire, 
so cultivated and improved, but which have remained nondescript, or imperfectly 
and wrongly described till now, at length, a spirit of literary curiosity has ai isen 
in the country itself. From Gent. Mag. LVII, 990, quoted by Nichols, Literary 
Anecdotes Pownall was Governor of Massachusetts in 1757. 



WEST EUROPE 157 

RIESBECK, BARON. Travels through Germany, in a Series of Letters, 
translated by Paul Henry Maty, Assistant Librarian, British Museum. 
3 vols. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton VI, 1-292. 

In the German original the author assumed the character of a French trav- 
eller to secure himself from the probable effects of his severe remarks on the 
government, manners and customs of Germany. Lowndcs. The date of the first 
letter is April 3, 1770. 

A Tour through Part of the Austrian Netherlands, and great Part of Hol- 
land, ... in 1785. By an English Gentleman. London. 

WALKER, ADAM. A Hasty Sketch of a Tour through Part of the Aus- 
trian Netherlands, . . . London. 

This may be identical with the item just preceding. It was issued anony- 
mously. 

1788 BOWDLER, THOMAS (F.R.S.). Letters written in Holland, in Sep- 
tember and October, 1787; with other Papers relating to the Journey 
of the Princess of Orange, on the 28th June, 1787. Maps. 8vo. 
Bath. 

The author is the famous "Bowdleriser" of Shakespeare. 

JARDINE, ALEXANDER (Lieut. -Colonel). Letters from Barbary, 
France, Spain and Portugal, ... by an English Officer. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

An edition, 2 vols., 8vo, Dublin, 1789 (probably pirated) ; 2nd edit., corrected, 
2 vols., 8vo, London, 1790; again in 1793 and 1794. Translated into German, Leip- 
zig, 1790. See below. 

The author had been sent on a mission to Morocco. 

1790 (In German.) Bemerkungen ubcr Maroko, desgleichen uber Frankreich, 
Spanien und Portugal!. Von einem cnglischen Offizier wahrend semen 
Reisen (lurch diese Lander. Ein gedrangter Auszug aus dem Englischen. 
Leipzig. 

PECKAM, . Travels through Holland and Brabant. London. 

ST. JOHN, JAMES. Letters from France to a Gentleman in the South 
of Ireland written in 1787. 2 vols. Dublin. 

THICKNESSE, PHILIP. Memoirs and Anecdotes of Philip Thicknesse, 
late Lieutenant-Governor of Land Guard Fort, and unfortunately fath- 
er to George Touchet, Baron Audley. 8vo. London. 

See under 1766 and 1777 above. 



158 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1788-1791 GARDNOR, JOHN (Rev.). Views taken on and near, the River 
Rhine, at Aix-la-Chapelle, and on the River Maese, by the Rev. J. 
Gardner. Engraved in Aqua Tints by William and Elizabeth Ellis. 
32 large plates. Fol. London. 

Another edition, 4to, London, 1792. 

An elegant work, . . . There are proofs before the letters. Some copies are 
colored. Lowndes. 

1789 BOURGOING, JEAN-FRANCOIS DE. Travels in Spain: containing 
a new, accurate and comprehensive View of the Present State of that 
Country. By the Chevalier de Bourgoanne. To which are added, Co- 
pious Extracts from the Essays on Spain of M. Peyron. 12 copper- 
plates. Translated from the French. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

Several reprints appeared in various collections after 1800, one of which is 
in Pinkerton V, 298-639, taken from the French of the 3rd edition of 1803. The 
French original, Paris, 1788. See below For full details of various editions and 
an analysis of the nature of the work, see Foulche-Delbosc, item No. 189. 

Bourgoing was twice in Spain, from 1777 to 1785, and from 1792 to 1793. 

1788 BOURGOING, JEAN-FRANCOIS DE. Nouveau Voyage en Espagne, 
ou Tableau de 1'ctat actucl de cette monarchic ; Contenant les details 
les plus recens sur la Constitution, Politique, les Tribunaux, 1'Inquisi- 
tions, les Forces des terres et de mer, le Commerce et les Manufactures, 
. . . enfin, sur les Moeurs, la Litterature, les Spectacles, sur le dernier 
siege de Gibraltar et le voyage de Monseigneur Comte d'Artois ; Ouv- 
rage dans lequel on a prescnte avec impartialite tout ce qu'on pent 
dire de plus neuf, de plus avere et de plus interessant, sur 1'Espagne, 
depuis 1782 jusqu'a present; Avec une carte enluminee, des Plans et des 
Figures en taille douce. 3 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

According to Foulchc-Dclbosc, it was not in 1782 but in 1777 that 
Bourgoing made his visit to Spain. The later date was given to con- 
ceal the authorship. 

COXE, WILLIAM. Travels in Switzerland and in the Country of the 
Grisons, in a Series of Letters to W. Melmoth. Plates, some folding. 
3 vols. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1791. In Pinkerton V, 640-992. See also under 
1779 above. 

DU PATY, J. T3. MERCIER (President). Travels through Italy, in a 
Series of Letters written in 1785, translated by an English Gentleman 
from the French. 8vo. Dublin. 

Another translation, by J. Povoleri, entitled Sentimental Letters on Italy, 
appeared in 2 vols., 12mo, London, 1789. French original, Rome and Paris, 1788. 
See below. 

1788 DU PATY, J. B. MERCIER (President). Lettres sur 1'Italie en 1785. 
2 vols. 8vo. Rome and Paris. 



WEST EUROPE 159 

PIOZZI, HESTER LYNCH. Observations and Reflections made in the 
Course of a Journey through France, Italy, and Germany. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

Another edition, 8vo, Dublin, 1789. 

An agreeable and amusing tour. Lowndcs. Mrs. Piozzi wrote wittily, de- 
scribing scenes vividly, relating anecdotes with humour and point, never allowing 
her English prejudices to interfere with her judgment or spoil her enjoyment of 
the scenes so new to her. Her book remains a most valuable record of Italian 
society in the 18th century. M. S. Stillman, quoted in Bookseller's Note. She 
will be remembered as the former Mrs. Thrale, whose marriage to the Italian 
musician Piozzi so highly scandalised the Johnson circle. 

SAINT-NON, RICHARD DE. According to Pinkerton XVII an Eng- 
lish version of the following French item was printed at London in 
1789. See below. 

1781 SAINT-NON, RICHARD DE. Voyage pittoresque, ou Description des 
Royaumes de Naples et de Sicile; ornees de cartes, plans, vues, figures, 
vignettes, et cul-de-lampes. 5 vols. Fol. Paris. 

The French edition of this work, when compleat and containing 
the 14 plates of medals of the ancient Sicilian cities, is worth 600 
francs and upwards. A copy of great magnificence was even sold for 
1650 francs. The traveller visited these kingdoms in 1777, accompanied 
by several artists, and engaged others resident in them. Quoted by 
Pinkerton XVII. 

A Tour to Ermonville ; containing besides, an Account of the Palace, Gar- 
dens, and Curiosities of Chantilly; a particular Description of the 
Tomb of Rousseau. London. 

The magnificent gardens at Chantilly were soon to suffer utter destruction 
during the French Revolution. 

VILLIERS, JOHN CHARLES (3rd Earl of Clarendon). A Tour 
through Part of France, Containing a Description of Paris, Cher- 
bourg, and Ermonville. London. 

1790 GARDNOR, JOHN (Rev.). A Picturesque Tour by Manheim, Mentz, 
Aix-la-Chapelle, Brussels, . . . Plates. London. 

Probably issued in 1790. 

IRELAND, SAMUEL. A Picturesque Tour through Holland, Brabant, 
and Part of France made in the Autumn of 1789. Aquatint plates. 2 
vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., with additions, 2 vols. in 1, 8vo, London, 1796. 

A series of these picturesque tours were published in detached volumes, 
and were formerly in great request. This Ireland was the father of the forger 
of Shakespearian texts. He was an engraver and issued views of his tours etched 
from his own works. 



160 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

MACDONALD, JOHN. For his account of Spain see his Travels in va- 
rious Parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa, under GENERAL TRAV- 

ELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

PUTTER, JOHN STEPHEN. An Historical Development of the pres- 
ent political Constitution of the Germanic Empire, translated from the 
German, with Notes, ... by Josiah Dornford. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

A valuable work. Lowndes. 

WALKER, ADAM. Ideas suggested in an Excursion through Flanders, 
Germany, Italy and France. 8vo. London. 

The author, a self-taught man, was for a while a mathematical tutor in the 
North of England, and later became a travelling lecturer on physics. D.N.B. 

1791 FLEURIOT, JEAN-MARIE-JEROME (Marquis de Langle). A Pic- 
turesque Description of Switzerland, translated from the French. En- 
graved view. 12mo. London. 

There is some question of the exact dale of publication of this work. Mar- 
quis de Langle is a pseudonym. See also Fleuriot under 1786 above. 

JENNER, MATTHEW. For his route through France, Germany, Hun- 
gary, etc., to India, see his Route to Indiv, under NEAR EAST. 

TOWNSEND, JOSEPH (Rev.). A Journey through Spain in the years 
1786 and 1787; with particular Attention to the Agriculture, Manu- 
factures, Commerce, Population, Taxes, and Revenue of that Country ; 
and Remarks in passing through a Part of France. 3 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

2nd edit., London, 1792. Translated into German, Leipzig, 1791. See below. 
This work has been highly commended. 

1791 (In German.) Jos. Townsend's Kcise durch Spatiicn und cinen Theil von 
Frankreich in den Jahrcn 178C und 1787. Aus dem Englischen uber- 
setzt. 3 vols. Leipzig. 

1791-92 GARDENSTONE, LORD. Travelling Memorandums, made in a 
Tour upon the Continent of Europe, 1786-88. 2 vols. 8vo. Edin- 
burgh. 

2nd edit of \o1 I, Edinburgh, 1792; after the author's death in 1793, a 

3rd vol. was printed, containing his life. Lowndes. 

The author was Francis Garden, a Scottish judge. Among the well known 
men he met whose acquaintance he enjoyed was the Abbe Raytial. See Raynal 
under 1776, WEST INDIES. 



WEST EUROPE 161 

1792 BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. An Historical and Picturesque Descrip- 
tion of the Country of Nice. 12 etchings finished in water colors. Fol. 
London. 

A French version, probably the original, Geneva, 1787. See below. 
The author was an engraver and landscape painter, born in Piedmont. For 
later publications of travels and views see 1794-95 and 1800 below. 

1787 BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. Voyage Historique et Pittoresque du 
Comte de Nice. Map and 12 colored engravings. Fol. Geneva. 

BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. Travels through the Rhetian Alps in 
1786, from Italy to Germany, through Tyrol. Map and 10 large aqua- 
tint views by C. Apostool, printed in sepia, after drawings by the au- 
thor. Fol. London. 

HILL, BRIAN (Rev.). Observations and Remarks in a Journey through 
Sicily and Calabria in the year 1791. 8vo. London. 

With a postscript containing some account of the ceremonies of the last 
holy week at Rome and of a short excursion to Tivoli. Lowndes. 

WALKER, ADAM. An Excursion to Paris in 1785. (In A Tour from 
London to the Lakes of Westmoreland and Cumberland, 1791.) 

See Walker under 1790 above. 

WESTON, STEPHEN. Letters from Paris during the Summer of 1791. 
London. 

The author was an antiquarian and man of letters. He published notes of 
travel, classical texts and annotations, notes on Shakespeare, scriptural annota- 
tions, and translations from the Arabic, Chinese, and Persian. D.N.B. 

YOUNG, ARTHUR. Travels during the years 1787, 1788 and 1789, un- 
dertaken more particularly with a View of ascertaining the Cultivation, 
Wealth, Resources, and National Prosperity, of the Kingdom of 
France. To which is added, the Register of a Tour into Spain. 2 vols. 
4to. Bury St. Edmunds. 

2nd edit., 2 vols., with maps, 4to, Bury St. Edmunds, 1794; 3rd edit., edited 
by Matilda Bctham Edwards, London, 1890, with several editions since, among 
them one in Everyman's Library. An edition, probably pirated, Dublin, 1793. 
Translated into French, 6 vols., Paris, 1793. See below. The Voyage to Italy 
published separately in French, Paris, 1796. Reprinted in Pinkerton IV, 77-676. 

Young's accounts of his travels are deservedly anionj? the most famous that 

the century produced. He made three trips to the Continent, the first to the 
Pyrenees in 1787, the second to France in 1788, and the third, which included Italy, 
in 1789. He is unexcelled in relating personal adventures, in observations of the 
agricultural situation, and in descriptions of the many friends he met. He was 
near enough to the outbreak of the French Revolution to perceive that some- 
thing unusual was astir, and even experienced some personal contacts with the 



162 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

disordered state of affairs. He was known in England and France as the chief 
authority on aK r 'cuIturc, yet, as has often heen pointed out, his own farming was 

a failure. He was often consulted by "Farmer George" (George III). In 1793 
he was made Secretary to the Board of Agriculture, and worked tirelessly pub- 
lishing articles on the subject. He also wrote accounts of his tours in England 
and Ireland in the interest of agriculture. His Autobiography, edited by Matilda 
Betham Edwards (London, 1808), is an absorbing account of his life and of the 
century in which he lived. Especially pathetic is the story of the distressful mental 
aberration which darkened the close of his days. 

1793 (In French.) Voyage en France pendant les annees 1787-1790 entrepris 
plus particuliercment pour s'assurer de 1'etat de ragriculture, des rich- 
esses, des resources et de la prospcritc de cette nation. Traduit de 
1'anglais par F.-S. Francois Soulcs. 6 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

Vols. I-III contain the journey in France, with notes by M. de 
Casaux ; vol. IV the voyage to Italy; vols. V-VI the voyage to Ire- 
land. 

1796 (In French.) Voyage en Italic pendant 1'annce 1789, traduit par Fran- 
cois Soulcs. 8vo. Paris. 

1792-% SMITH, JOHN. Select Views in Italy. 72 engraved plates by Land- 
seer and others after John Smith. Topographical and Historical De- 
scriptions in Knglish and French. (Also 6 uncolored aquatint views 
of South Wales by Smith.) 2 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 

1793 BEAWES, W. A Civil, Commercial, Political and Literary History of 
Spain and Portugal. 2 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 

Includes chapters on the military orders, governors, etc., in Europe and Amer- 
ica, on Spaniard's dress, customs, diversions, etc., also on the Atlantic Islands be- 
longing to Portugal. Bookseller's Note. 

BISANI, ALEXANDER. A Picturesque Tour through Part of Europe, 
. . . London. 



DRINKWATER, JOHN. A History of the late Siege of Gibraltar; with 
a Description and Account of that Garrison, from the Earliest Periods, 
and a copious Table of Contents. Frontispiece and folding plate. 8vo. 
Dublin. 



Letters from Paris, during the Summers of 1791 and 1792, with Reflec- 
tions. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

MOORE, EDWARD (M.D.). The Journal of a Residence in France, 
from the Beginning of August to the Middle of December, 1792. 
2 vols. London. 

This very interesting production has been translated into French, German, 
Dutch, and other Languages. Pinkerton XVII. 



WEST EUROPE 163 

A Ramble through Holland, France, and Italy, 1793. 2 vols. London. 

SMITH, SIR JAMES (M.D.). A Sketch of a Tour on the Continent in 
the Years 1786 and 1787. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

A Tour through Germany, containing full Directions for travelling in that 
interesting Country, . . . Chart. London. 

A Tour through the Theatre of War (i. e., France) in the Months of No- 
vember and December, 1792, January, 1793, with Curious Military 
Anecdotes; also Accounts of the Death of Louis XVI. 8vo. London. 

TWISS, RICHARD. A Trip to Paris in 1792. London. 

See Twiss under 1775 above. 

WESTON, STEPHEN. Letters from Paris during the Summer of 1792. 
London. 

See Western under 1792 above. 

WORDSWORTH, WILLIAM. Descriptive Sketches in verse taken 
during a Pedestrian Tour in the Italian, Grison, Swiss, and Savoyard 
Alps by W. Wordsworth, B.A., of St. John's, Cambridge. London. 

A poetical record of a pedestrian tour with Robert Jones in France and 

Switzerland during the summer of 1790. Their way of touring was rather un- 
precedented in that each had only twenty pounds in his pocket and his baggage 
tied up in a pocket handkerchief This tour is in part described in Book VI of 
the Prelude and more fully in a letter to his sister Dorothy. Sec Harper's Words- 
worth, I, 93-94. 

1793-% WILLIAMS, HELEN MARIA. Letters written in France in 1790, 
1793, and 1794, to a Friend in England, containing Anecdotes relative 
to the French Revolution ; concerning important Events, particularly 
relating to the Campaign of 1792; A Sketch of the Politics of France 
during 1793-4, and Scenes in the Prisons of Paris. 7 vols. in 3. 12mo. 
London. 

See under 1796 below. 

1794 ASTLEY, PHILIP. A Description and Historical Account of the Places 
now the Theatre of War in the Low Countries. Frontispiece and plans 
of the principal fortified places. 8vo. Dublin. 



164 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. A Picturesque Tour from Geneva to 
the Pennine Alps, Translated from the French. 12 plates. Foi. 
London. 

French original, Geneva, 1787. See below. 

This is a companion volume to the Description of the Country of Nice. See 
under 1792 above. 

1787 BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. Voyage Pittoresque aux Alpes Pennines, 
precede de quelques observations sur les hauteurs de montagnes, gla- 
ciers, & des differens villages, qui se trotivent sur cette route. . . . Gen- 
eva. 

COGAN, THOMAS. The Rhine; or, a Journey from Utrecht to Frank- 
fort, 1791-92. Map and views. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

The style of the work is lively and interesting; the pictures of manners and 
scenery good; and it contains a learned dissertation on the origin of printing. 
Lowndes. 

ESTE, C. A Journey in the year 1793 through Flanders, Brabant, and 
Germany to Switzerland. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1795 and 1800. 

Este states that half of the inhabitants of the Palatinate had emigrated to 
Pennsylvania to escape the excessive taxes and other unbearable conditions of life. 

GRAY, ROBERT. Letters during a Journey through Germany, Switz- 
erland, and Italy, in the years MDCCXCI, and MDCCXCII. 8vo. 
London. 

MAJOR, J. H. Two Letters on Norman Tiles, stained with Armorial 
Bearings. 8vo. London. 

The work contains engravings of 16 painted tiles from the pavement of the 
palace of the Dukes of Normandy at Caen. 

A Peep into Paris : amusing and incidental French Anecdotes, with a De- 
scription of the Parisian Theatres, and a comparative View of the 
French and English Actors, by the Author of TANCRED. London. 

1794-95 BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. Travels (in 1794) through the Mar- 
itime Alps from Italy to Lyons across the Col de Tende, by Way of 
Nice, Provence, and Languedoc, with topographical and historical De- 
scriptions. 19 plates, all but one being aquatint in brown. Select Views 
of the Antiquities and Harbours in the South of France. IS plates, of 
which 13 are in aquatint. 2 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 



WEST EUROPE 165 

1795 FREDERICK, (Colonel of the late Theodore, King of Corsica). De- 
scription of Corsica ; with an Account of its Union to the Crown of 
Great Britain, including the Life of General Paoli, and the Memorial 
presented to the National Assembly of France, upon the Forests, . . . 
London. 



A History and Description of the Royal Abbaye of Saint Denis, with an 
Account of the Tombs of the Kings and Queens of France, . . . 8vo. 
London. 



MURPHY, JAMES. Travels in Portugal; through the Provinces of En- 
tre Douro e Minno, Beira, ... in the Years 1789 and 1790. Con- 
sisting of Observations on the Manners, Customs, Trade, Public 
Buildings, Arts, Antiquities, ... of that Kingdom. Illustrated with 
24 plates of views, characters, antiquities, etc., by James Murphy, 
Architect. 4to. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1797. See below. 

Murphy was an architect who studied Moorish architecture at Cadiz, He also 
wrote on Arabian antiquities. D.N.B. For another work on Portugal see under 
1798 below. 

1797 (In French.) Voyage en Portugal a travers les provinces d'entre Douro et 
Minno, de Beira, d'Estramadure et d'Alenteju, dans les annees 1789 
et 1790. Contenant des observations stir les moeurs, le commerce, les 
edifices, les antiquites, . . . Traduit de 1'anglais. 23 engraved copper- 
plates. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

The French translator was Lallemant. 



PRATT, SAMUEL JACKSON. Gleanings through Wales, Holland and 
Westphalia. 3 vols. London. 

RADCLIFFE, ANN. A Journey made in the Summer of 1794 through 
Holland and the Western Frontier of Germany, with a Return down 
the Rhine, with Observations during a Tour to the Lakes of Lanca- 
shire, Westmoreland, and Cumberland. 4to. London. 

This is by the author of the Mysteries of Udolpho. Her travels were under- 
taken after she had written the novels whose romantic settings in forests and 
mountains of Italy so delighted her readers. Though she had not visited Italy, yet 
she, like her audience, was sufficiently familiar with the paintings of the "savage 
Rosa" and the "gentle Claude" and with the general requirements of the pictur- 
esque as to know what was called for in recreating visions of foreign lands. 
Concerning her account of her travels Dr. Garnett says, "(It) is rich in pictorial 
description, and also in political and economic observations, probably contributed 
by her husband." Quoted by Sotheran. 



166 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

SPALLANZANI, LAZZARO (Abbe). Tour to Vesuvius, Oetna, . . . 
8vo. London. Bound up with the 1795 edition of Este's Journey in 
1793 through Flanders, etc. See Este under 1794 above and Spallan- 
zani under 1798 below. 



WILKINSON, JOSHUA LUSCOCK. The Wanderer: or, a Collection 
of Anecdotes and Incidents, with Reflections, political and religious, 
during two Excursions, in 1791 and 1793, in France, Germany, and 
Italy. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

Reprinted, 2 vols., London, 1798. 

17% GIBBON, EDWARD. Autobiography. Edited in Miscellaneous Works, 
by Lord Sheffield. London. 

Gibbon's Memoirs were edited by G. Birkbeck Hill, London, 1900. The Auto- 
biography is reprinted in the Oxford Classics, Oxford, 1923. 

This work contains interesting descriptions of the region around Lausanne, 
where Gibbon lived while writing his Decline and Fall. 

Journal du voyageur neutre, depuis son depart de Londres pour Paris, le 
18 Nov., 1795, jusqu'a son retour a Londres, le 6 Fevr., 17%. London. 

MERIGOT, J. Views and Ruins in Rome and its Vicinity, recently ex- 
ecuted from drawings made upon the Spot in 1791. Description in 
English and French. 62 aquatint plates of architecture and scenery. 
Fol. London. 

Another edition, London, 1797-99. 

OWEN, JOHN (Rev.). Travels into different Parts of Europe in the 
years 1791-92, with Familiar Remarks on Places, Men, and Manners. 
2 vols. 8vo. London. 



Select Views in Italy, with Topographical and Historical Descriptions in 
English and French. With india proof engravings drawn by J. Smith. 
8vo. London. 



TENCH, WATKIN. Letters written in France to a Friend in London, 
1794-95. London. 

For his Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay see under 1789, AUS- 
TRALIA. Tench was made a prisoner twice, once by the Americans in 1778, 
during the American Revolution, and again by the French in 1794. 



WEST EUROPE 167 

WILLIAMS, HELEN MARIA. New Travels in Switzerland, contain- 
ing a Picture of the Country, the Manners and the actual Government. 
2 vols. London. 

Another edition, London, 1798. See below. 

Miss Williams was the poetess to -whom Wordsworth addressed some of his 
early poems. After 1788 she lived largely in France, where she took up the cause 
of the Girondists and narrowly escaped execution at the hands of Robispierre. See 
also under 1793-96 above. 

1798 WILLIAMS, HELEN MARIA. A Tour in Switzerland; Or, a View of 
the Present State of the Governments and Manners of those Cantons; 
with Comparative Sketches of the present State of Paris. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

1796-97 STOLBERG, FREDERICK LEOPOLD, GRAF VON. Travels 
through Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and Sicily, translated by Thomas 
Holcroft. Folding map and 18 plates of views. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

German original, Konigsberg, 1794. See below. 

The translator was Holcroft the dramatist and novelist. He performed the 
remarkable feat of memorising the Marriage of Figaro, after having seen it a few 
times in Paris, and so bringing it home to London audiences. 

1794 STOLBERG, FREDERICK LEOPOLD, GRAF VON. Reisen des Graf- 
en von Stolberg im Deutschland, Italien, und Sicilien. 4 vols. Kon- 
igsberg. 

1797 GIFFORD, JOHN. A Residence in France, during the Years 1792-95. 
Described in a Series of Letters from an English Lady. With general 
and incidental Remarks on the French Character and Manners. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

The real name of the author was John Richard Green, who assumed the 
pseudonym of GifFord to deceive his creditors. Notwithstanding, he became a 
London police magistrate. He also edited the Anti-Jacobin Revieiv in imitation of 
Wm. Ginord's Anti- Jacobin. 

LUMISDEN, ANDREW. Remarks on the Antiquities of Rome and its 
Environs; being a classical and topographical Survey of the Ruins. 
Numerous plans, engravings, and views, some in aquatint. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

Sometimes this work is illustrated with Merigot's Views in Rome, consisting 
of 60 plates in aquatint. Lowndes. Lumisden was a Jacobite who became private 
secretary to Prince Charles Edward. He was at the battle of Culloden but escaped 
to France. In 1773 he was allowed to return to England. 

REYNOLDS, SIR JOSHUA. Works . . . containing his Discourses, 
Idlers, A Journey to Flanders and Holland (now first published), and 
his Commentary on Du Fresnoy's Art of Painting: printed from his 
Revised Copies (with his corrections and additions) . . . To which is 



168 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Prefixed an Account of the Life and Writings of the Author, by Ed- 
mund Malone, Esq. (First collected edition.) Portrait, 2 vols. 4to. 
London. 

Reprinted in Bohn's edition of Reynolds' works, London, 1852. 
This journey, which took place in 1781 and lasted not quite two months, was 
made largely for the purpose of inspecting the paintings of these countries. 

Sketches and Observations made on a Tour through various Parts of 
Europe, in the years 1792-94. London. 

SOUTHEY, ROBERT. Letters written during a Short Residence in 
Spain and Portugal, with some Account of Spanish and Portuguese 
Poetry. 8vo. Bristol. 

2nd edit., Bristol and London, 1798. 

TOWNSON, ROBERT. Travels in Hungary, with a Short Account of 
Vienna in the year 1793. 16 copperplates and map. 4to. London. 

This is the best English work respecting Hungary. It has been translated 

into both French and German. Pinkerton XVII. A work valuable to the nat- 
ural historian, particularly the mineralogist; it also contains a very particular ac- 
count of the Tokay wines. Lowndes. Townson was the author of a work called 
the Philosophy of Mineralogy (1798). 

1798 CLUBBE, WILLIAM. The Omnium; containing the Journal of a late 
three Days' Tour into France ; curious and extraordinary Anecdotes, 
Critical Remarks and other Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose and Verse. 
8vo. Ipswich. 

The author was vicar of Brandeston in Suffolk, and a writer of minor verse. 

MURPHY, JAMES. A General View of the State of Portugal; contain- 
ing a Topographical Description thereof. In which are included, an 
Account of the Physical and Moral State of the Kingdom ; together 
with Observations on the Animal, Vegetable, and Mineral Productions 
of its Colonies. The Whole compiled from the best Portuguese Writ- 
ers, and from Notices obtained in the Country by James Murphy. 16 
plates. 4to. London. 

See also Murphy under 1795 above. 

A Sketch of Modern France in a Series of Letters to a Lady of Fashion, 
written in the Years 17% and 1797, during a Tour through France by 
a Lady. London. 

It is stated that these Letters were edited by C. L. Moody. 



WEST EUROPE 169 

SPALLANZANI, LAZZARO (Abbe). Travels in the Two Sicilies, 
and some Parts of the Appennines, translated from the original Italian. 
11 plates. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

A translation from the original Italian version of 1788 is printed, with some 
omissions, in Pinkerton V, 1-272 An Italian version, Pavia, 1792-97. See below. 

The author was a scientist of note, greatly interested in volcanoes and their 
geology. He was also known for his experiments in spontaneous generation. He 
did considerable travelling for the purpose of collecting material for the Public 
Imperial Museums of Natural History in the University of Pavia. See also under 
1795 above. 

1792-97 SPALLANZANI, LAZZARO (Abbe). Viagge alle due Sicilie ed in 
alcime parte degli Apennini. Pavia. 

1799 CROKER, RICHARD. Travels through several Provinces of Spain and 

Portugal. 8vo. London. 

MATTHISON, FREDERICK. Letters written from various Parts of 
the Continent (Germany, Switzerland, the South of France, etc). 
Translated by A. Plumptree, from the German. 8vo. London. 

In the Appendix are included three letters of the poet Gray never before pub- 
lished in this country. Lowndes. 

1800 An Account of the Republic of Geneva. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

BEAUMONT, SIR ALBANIS. Travels from France to Italy through 
the Lepontine Alps : or, an Itinerary of the Road from Lyons to Turin 
by way of the Pays de-Vaud, the Vallais, and the Monts Great St. 
Bernard, Simplon, and St. Gothard, with topographical and historical 
Descriptions, the Natural History, and Remarks on the Course of the 
Rhone. 27 aquatint views, printed in brown, after the author. Fol. 
London. 



HAGER, (Dr.). Pictures of Palermo: Translated by Mrs. Robin- 

son. London. 

German original, Berlin, 1799. See below. 
1799 HAGER, (Dr.). Gemalde von Palermo. Berlin. 

MERCIER, . New Pictures of Paris, translated from the French. 

2 vols. 8vo. London. 



170 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

MOORE, JOHN (Mordaunt). Sketches of Life, Characters and Man- 
ners in various Countries, including the Memoirs of a French Lady of 
Quality, by the Author of Zeluco and Edward. 3 vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

Apparently the name Mordaunt was used to indicate the authorship of this 
work. 

RENDER, . Tour through Germany. 3 vols. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. Possibly the author is William Render, a 
German who came to London in 1790. He was a grammarian and a translator of 
Goethe and Kotzebue. 

SALMON, J. An Historical Description of ancient and modern Rome; 
also of the works of Art, particularly in Architecture, Sculpture, and 
Painting ; to which is added, a Tour through the Cities and Towns in 
the Environs of that Metropolis, and an Account of the Antiquities 
found at Gabia. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



STARKE, MARIANA. Letters from Italy between the Years 1792 and 
1798. 2 vols. London. 

STARKE, MARIANA, Travels on the Continent for the Use and Par- 
ticular Information of Travellers. London. 

STOCKDALE, JOHN. A Geographical, Historical, and Political De- 
scription of the Empire of Germany, Holland, the Netherlands, Switz- 
erland, Prussia, Italy, Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia, with a Gazetteer 
of Reference to the principal Places in those Countries ; to which are 
added, Statistical Tables of all the States of Europe. Folding maps. 
4to. London. 

WALSH, EDWARD. Narrative of the Expedition to Holland in the 
Autumn of 1799. Map and 7 views by Heath, after the author. 4to. 
London. 

WRAXALL, NATHANIEL WILLIAM. Memoirs of the Courts of 
Berlin, Dresden, Warsaw, and Vienna, 1777-79. 2 vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

See also Wraxall under 1815 below. 



WEST EUROPE 171 

ADDENDA 

BROOKE, . A Journey from Naples into Tuscany before the French 

Invasion of Italy. London. 

Cited by Pinkerton XVII without date. 

1803 MUIRHEAD, LOCKHART. Journals of Travels in Parts of the late 
Austrian Low Countries, France, ... in 1787 and 1789. London. 

1805 BECKFORD, PETER. Familiar Letters from Italy in 1787. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

The author published several works on hunting and fox hounds. 

1808-1814 DE SAUSSURE, HORACE BENEDICT. An Account of the At- 
tempts that have been made to attain the Summit of Mont Blanc. Writ- 
ten in the Years 1786, 1787. Translated from his Voyages dans les 
Alps, II, 556 f f. In Pinkerton IV, 677-709. 

French original, Neuchatel and Geneva, 1779-1796. See below. 

De Saussure has been called the greatest of all Alpine tourists. Of the numer- 
ous journies he made in the Alpine regions, seven are narrated in his book. He 
was interested in everything he saw : the rocks of the earth's crust, the nature of 
electricity and heat, why the tops of mountains and the bottoms of lakes are 
cold, why the inhabitants of some valleys suffer from goitre, etc. On the summit 
of Mont Blanc, which he reached on his fourth trip in 1787, he made all sorts of 
experiments : the readings of the barometer, thermometers, hygrometers, and 
electrometers, the temperature at which water boiled, the variation of the mag- 
netic needle, the beat of the pulse, etc. On other trips he measured the heights of 
various mountains, investigated the various dialects of different valleys, and pro- 
posed explanations of glacial phenomena. The modesty of the scientist is fitly ex- 
pressed in his own words : "Placed on this planet since yesterday, and only for 
one day, we can but desire knowledge to which, seemingly, we shall never attain." 
Taken from De Beer, Early Travellers in the Alps 

1779-1796 DE SAUSSURE, HORACE BENEDICT. Voyages dans les Alps. 
Neuchatel and Geneva. 

DOLOMEN, DEODATUS DE. A Dissertation on the Earthquake in 
Calabria Ultra, which happened in the Year 1783. Translated from the 
Italian of 1784. In Pinkerton V, 273-297. 

1809 COLERIDGE, SAMUEL TAYLOR. Satyranes Letters. London. 

A selection from the letters he wrote home from Germany (1798-99), which 
he thought likely to be most interesting and at the same time most pertinent 
to the title of his Bioyraphia Litcraria, in which he included them. They were 
first published in the Friend, Nov.-Dec , 1809. 



172 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

PENNINGTON, THOMAS (Rev.). Continental Excursions, or Tours 
into France, Switzerland and Germany in 1782, 1787 and 1789. 2 vols. 
London. 

1813 RERESBY, SIR JOHN. Travels and Memoirs, the former exhibiting a 
View of the Government and Society in the principal States and Courts 
of Europe, during the Time of Cromwell's Usurpation; the latter con- 
taining Anecdotes, and Secret History of the Courts of Charles II 
and James II. 40 portraits and plates, some in colors. 8vo. London. 

A modern reprint, London, 1904. See below. 

Rcrcsby travelled on the Continent at the time of the Commonwealth, and in 
1675 he entered Parliament His Memoirs appeared in 1734 and together with 
his Travels in 1813. 

1904 RERESBY, SIR JOHN. The Memoirs and Travels of Sir John Rcresby, 
Bart., edited by Albert Ivatt, M.A. In Dryden House Memoirs Series. 
Reprint of the 1813 issue. London. 

1815 WRAXALL, SIR NATHANIEL WILLIAM. Historical Memoirs of 
My Own Time, from 1772 to 1784. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1815. A modern reprint, in the Dryden House Memoirs 
Series, edited by Richard Askhan, London, 1904. 

This work was severely criticised in the Edinburgh Review, vol. 25, the Quar- 
terly, vol. 13, and other reviews, and the author was prosecuted and imprisoned 
for a libel on Prince GortschakefT. Wraxall published two answers to the at- 
tacks made on him. The first edition contained passages that were afterwards 
suppressed. Lowndes. This work gives the reader a good introduction to the 
most important personages of the period. 

1820 DOUGLAS, JOHN (Bishop of Carlisle and later of Salisbury). Journal 
of a Tour through Germany, Holland and France, July 5, 1748 to Oc- 
tober, 1749. Printed in Select Works. Edited by Ed. W. Macdonald. 
Salisbury. 



1834 BECKFORD, WILLIAM. Italy; with Sketches of Spain and Portugal 

By the Author of Vathek. 2 vols. London. 

A modern reprint, 2 vols., edited by Guy Chapman, London, 1928. 

Beckford made three visits to the Spanish Penninsula: the first in 1787-88; 
the second in 1791-%; and the third in 1798-99. The volumes listed above do not 
contain the details of his last visit, during which time he resided in Portugal en- 
tirely. Foulche-Delbosc. 

1835 BECKFORD, WILLIAM. Recollections of an Excursion to the Monas- 

teries of Alcobaca and Batalha. By the Author of Vathek. London 



WEST EUROPE 173 

1836 BROWNE, EDWARD. Journal and Letters of Edward Browne in Sir 
Thomas Browne's Works, vol. I. Edited by Simon Wilkin. London. 

See also Browne under 1673, CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 

1844 BRERETON, SIR WILLIAM. Travels in Holland, United Provinces, 
England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1634-35. Edited by S. Hawkins, Chet- 
ham Society, vol. I. Manchester. 

1857 BUSING, HORATIO. Journey from Venice to London, 1617. Record 
Office, Venetian Transcripts, vol. CXLII, 1-46. 

The translation was made by Rawdon Brown. Sec Quart, Rev , Oct., 1875, and 
Lett's abstract in Notes and Queries, 2nd ser., I, 61 fF. 

1867 The Stacions of Rome (in verse from the Vernon MS., c. 1370, and in 
prose from the Porkington MS., c. 1460-1470), and the Pilgrims Sea- 
Voyage and Sea-Sickness (from the Trinity College Library MS. R, 
about the time of Henry VI). Edited for the Early English Text So- 
ciety by F. J. Furnivall, original series, no. 25. London. 

1880 RIGBY, EDWARD (Dr.). Letters from France, ... in 1789. Edited 
by his daughter, Lady Eastlake. London. 

Rigby was the exact opposite of Smollett in temperament, being an optimist, 
but at the same time an intelligent and sincere witness of things and events. His 
book makes a good supplementary volume to the travels of Arthur Young (see 
under 1792 above). 

1884 CALDERWOOD, MRS. (of Polton). Letters and Journals from Eng- 

land, Holland, and the Low Countries in 1756. Edited by Alex. Fer- 
guson. 5 illus. 8vo. London. 

Vigorous in speech and pawky in her observations, she writes a very enter- 
taining account of her experiences in Catholic lands. Her language preserves 
many Scottish idioms of her day. 

1885 TEMPLE, HENRY (2nd Viscount Palmerston). Diary in France dur- 

ing July and August, 1791. Printed as an Appendix to the Dispatches 
of Earl Gower, English Ambassador at Paris, 1790-92. Edited by O. 
Browning. Cambridge. 

1888 ESSEX, JAMES. Journal of a Tour through Part of Flanders and 
France in August, 1773. Edited by W. M. Fawcett, Cambridge Anti- 
quarian Society, No. XXIV, pp. 12 ff. Cambridge. 



174 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1889 FRASER, (Major). Fraser's Manuscript; his Adventures in Scotland 
and England; his Mission to, and Travels in, France in Search of his 
Chief; his Services with Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat, 1697-1737; edited 
by A. Fergusson. 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

1894 PERKIER, RICHARD, F. E., and JOHN H. II. The Journal of Major 
Fcrrier, M. P., while travelling in France in the year 1687. With a 
brief Memoir of his Life. Camden Society, vol. IX. London. 

1900-1912 GRAY, THOMAS. Letters of Thomas Gray. Edited by D. C. 
Tovey. 3 vols. London. 

The poet travelled on the Continent with Horace Walpole in 1739-1740, but 
the two parted company because of incompatibility. As a letter writer Gray ranks 
high, and his descriptions of wild mountain scenery with its sounds of falling waters 
marks the turning point in the romantic appreciation of mountains. After return- 
ing from his visit to Scotland, he said that one ought to visit the Highlands once 

a year. 

1902 PARMINTER, JANE. Extracts from a Devonshire Lady's Notes of 

Travel in France in 1784. Edited by Rev. O. Reichel for the Devon- 
shire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature, and 
Art, XXXIV. Plymouth. 

1903 MONTAIGNE, MICHEL EYQUEM, SEIGNEUR DE. Journal of 

Montaigne's Travels in 1580 and 1581. Translated and edited with an 
Introduction and Notes by W. G. Waters. Illus. 3 vols, 8vo. Lon- 
don. 



1905 KNIGHT, LADY PHILIPPINA. Letters from France and Italy, 1776- 
1795. Edited by Lady Eliott-Drake. 8vo. London. 

1908 WALPOLE, HORACE. Letters on France, 1774-1796. London. 

See also his Letters, edited by Peter Cunningham, 9 vols., London, 1891. 

Walpole made several visits to France. Being free from the prejudices of 
Smollett and Moore, perfectly at home among people of taste, and a thorough 
adept in the social graces, he opens to us the doors of the salons and lets us see 
for ourselves what it was that made Paris the capital of Society. 

1909 CUST, MRS. HENRY. Gentlemen Errant, being the Journeys and Ad- 

ventures of Four Noblemen in Europe during the Fifteenth and Six- 
teenth Centuries. Illus. 8vo. London. 



WEST EUROPE 175 

1923 BROWNE, EDWARD. Journal of a Visit to Paris, 1664. Edited by 
Geoffrey Keynes in Si. Bartholomew's Hospital Reports, vol. LVI. 
Reprinted separately. London. 

1925 BOWREY, THOMAS. The Papers of Thomas Bowrey, 1669-1713. 
Part I, Diary of a Six Weeks Tour in 1698 in Holland and Flanders ; 
Part II, the Story of the Mary Galley, 1704-1710. Edited by Lieut.- 
Col. Sir Richard C. Temple, Bart., C.B., C.I.E., F.B.A., F.S.A. 5 maps 
and 9 plates. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 58. London. 

The Diary is of especial interest for its accounts of Amsterdam and other 
cities of the Low Countries at the end of the seventeenth century, and of the 
monetary system of the time. Quoted from Notice of the volume. 

BUTLER, ALB AN (Rev.). Travels through France and Italy, and part 
of the Austrian, French, and Dutch Netherlands, during the year 
1745-46, by the late Rev. Alban Butler, Author of the Lives of the 
Saints. (Place and date ?.) 

The notes of these tours left by the author were collected and published by a 
nephew, Charles Butler, probably before 1800. The existence of this work is men- 
tioned by Robert Bracey, together with an account of Alban Butler, in his Eight- 
eenth Century Studies, Oxford, 1925. Butler was guide and tutor to the Earl 
of Shrewsbury's sons, and professor of philosophy and divinity at Douay. 

MORTOFT, FRANCIS. Francis Mortoft: His Book. Being his Trav- 
els through France and Italy in 1658-59, from a manuscript at the 
British Museum. Edited by Malcom Letts, F.R. Hist. S. 2 maps and 
1 plate. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 57. London. 

A lively journal by a typical tourist of the period containing, among other 
items of interest, a detailed description of Rome in the seventeenth century. 
Quoted from Notice of the volume. 

1928 GARRICK, DAVID. The Diary of David Garrick: being a Record of 
his memorable Trip to Paris in 1751. Edited by R. C. Alexander. 8vo. 
London. 

This visit was one of the triumphs of Garrick's career. It made French actors 
sadly realise the difference of social status obtaining among the acting profession 
in England as compared with that of France. The Diary had been lost for a long 



1931 BLAIKIE, THOMAS. The Diary of a Scotch Gardener, 1775-1792. Ed- 
ited, with an Introduction, by Francis Birrell. 8vo. London. 

His experiences in France, where he was professionally employed, and his 
couthy observations on French gardens and gardening ways make this volume of 
great interest. 



176 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

COLE, WILLIAM (Rev.). A Journal of my Journey to Paris in the 
Year 1765. Edited from the original MS. in the British Museum by 
Francis Griffin Stokes, with an Introduction by Helen Waddell, 8vo. 
London. 

Cole was rector of Bletchley, and a friend of Horace Walpole. His Diary 
makes a good guide to the older Paris of the eighteenth century. 



VI. 

Nor tli Europe 

1561 NORTH, GEORGE. The Description of Swedland, Gotland, and Fin- 
land, the auncient estate of theyr Kynges, the moste horrible and in- 
credible tiranny of the second Christiern, kyng of Denmarke, agaynst 
the Swecians, the poleticke attaynyng to the Crowne of Gostane, wyth 
hys prudent prouidyng for the same. Collected and gathered out of 
sundry laten Aucthors, but chieflye out of Sebastian Mounster. By 
George North. Set forth accordyng to the order in the Queues Maies- 
ties Iniunction. 4to. London. 

For Sebastian Munster see under 1572, GEOGRAPHY Apparently this is 
the only edition and is extremely rare. Quaritch. It is mainly historical in con- 
tent. Parks. 

1658 MAGNUS, OLAUS (Archbishop). A Compendious History of the 
Goths, Swedes, and Vandals, and other Northern Nations, written by 
Olaus Magnus, Archbishop of Upsall and Metropolitan of Sweden. 
Fol. London. 

Latin original, Rome, 1555. See below. 

This work long remained for the rest of Europe the chief authority on Swed- 
ish matters, and is still a valuable repository of much curious information in 
regard to Scandinavian customs and folk-lore. Quoted by Maggs, No. 442. It was 
a favorite work of Sir Walter Scott, who described in his Pirate the Udaller in- 
specting this curious volume. It is the most remarkable work published on Scan- 
dinavia, full of curious matter, embracing manners, customs, occupations, weapons, 
legends, myths and superstitions ; a detailed description of the birds, animals and 
fish, and interspersed with historical anecdotes and some quaint stories ; together 
with "horrid apparitions of divels, the antick prestigation of conjurors and Mag- 
ical Inchantments." Bookseller's Note. Olaus Magnus \vas at the Council of 

Trent, and distinguished himself by opposing the Reformation in Sweden. 
Maggs, No. 505. The translator was J. Streater. 

1555 MAGNO, OLAO. Historia de Gentibvs Septentrionalibvs, earymque di- 
versis statubvs, conditionibvs, moribvs, ritibvs, svperstitionibus disci- 
plinis exercitiis regimine victu, bellis, structuris, instrumentiis, ac min- 
eris metallicis, & rebus mirabilibus, necnon vniuersis pene animalibus in 
Septeritrione de gentibus eorumque natura. Opus ut yarivm plvrimarvm- 
qve rervm cognitione rcfertvm atqve cvin exemplis cxternis turn ex- 
pressis rerum internarum picturis illustratum. cum indict-. Many wood- 
Cuts and initial letters. Fol. Rome. 

1674 MARTINIERE, PIERRE MARTIN DE LA. Travels into the Northern 
Countries ; being a Description of the Manners, Customs, Superstitions, 
Buildings, and Habits of the Norwegians, Laponians, Kilops, Boran- 
dians, Siberians, Samoiedes, Zemblans and Icelanders ; with Reflections 
upon an Error in our Geographers, about the Situation and Extent of 
Greenland and Nova-Zembla. 12mo. London. 

Later edition, with additions, 8vo, London, 1706. French original, Paris, 1671. 
See below. 

(177) 



178 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1706 MARTINIERE, PIERRE MARTIN DE LA. A New Voyage to the 
North, containing a full Account of Norway, the Laplands, ... of Bpr- 

andia, Siberia, Samojedia, Zembla, and Iseland, with the Description 
of the Religion and Customs of these several Nations ; to which is 
added, a Particular Relation of the Court of the Czar, of the Religion 
and Customs of the Muscovites, and a short History of Muscovy, now 
done into English. Folding frontispiece containing 20 figures. 8vo. 
London. 

1671 MARTINIERE, PIERRE MARTIN DE LA. Voyage des Pays septen- 
trionaux dans lequel se voit les moeurs, maniere de vivre et superstitions 
des Norweguiens, Lappons, Kiloppes, Borandiens, Syberiens, Sam- 
oyedes, Zembliens et Ii>landois. 11 copperplates. 12mo. Paris. 

La Martiniere est, selon toutes les apparences, ne a Rouen. Cest 
le premier Francais qui ait public un voyage maritime le long des 
cotes boreales de 1'Europe. Bookseller's Note. 

SCHEFFER, JOHN. The History of Lapland ; wherein are shewed the 
Original Manners, Habits, Marriages, Conjurations, Employments, . . . 
of that People. Map and a large number of woodcuts, Fol. Oxford. 

Another edition, with additions, London, 1703; again, London, 1751. Latin 
original, Upsala, 1670. See below. 

Portions of this work are translated into verse. The author, a German by 
birth, wandered to Sweden in 1648, where he was hospitably received by Queen 
Christina, who was already acquainted with his works, and loaded with honors. 
This history long remained the main source of information on Lapland. 

1703 SCHEFFER, JOHN. The History of Lapland; containing a Geographical 
Description, and a Natural History, of that Country; with an Account 
of the Inhabitants, their Original, Religion, Customs, Habits, Marriages, 
Conjurations, Employments, . . . Written by John Scheffer, Professor 
at Upsalla in Sweden, Translated from the last Edition in Latin : and 
illustrated with 28 Copper Cuts. To which is added, The Travels of 
the King of Sweden's Mathematicians into Lapland. The History of 
Livonia, and the Wars there. Also a Journey into Lapland and Finland, 
. . . Written by Dr. Olof Rudbeck, in the Year 1701. 8vo. London. 

1751 SCHEFFER, JOHN. The History of Lapland, shewing the original Man- 
ners, Habits, Religion, and Trade of that People, with a particular Ac- 
count of their Gods and Sacrifices, Marriage Ceremonies, diabolical 

Rites, . . . 8vo. London. 

1670 SCHEFFER, JOHN. Lapponia id est, regionis Lapponum et gentis nova 
et verissima descriptio. In qua multa de origine, superstitione, sacris 
magis, victu, cultu, ncgotiis Lapponum, item animalium, metallorumque 
indole, in terris eorum proveniunt, hactenus incognita produntur, et 
eiconibus adjectis cum cura illustrantur. Upsala 

1676 DEBES, LUCAS JACOBSON. Faeroae et Faeroa reserata: that is, a 
Description of the Islands and Inhabitants of Foeroe, being seventeen 
Islands subject to the King of Denmark, lying under 62 degrees 10 
min. of North Latitude. Wherein several Secrets of Nature are 
brought to Light, and some Antiquities hitherto kept in Darkness, dis- 
covered. Englished by J(ohn) S(terpin). 12mo. London. 

1675 is the date given in the Term Catalogues. Danish original, Copenhagen, 
1673. See below. 



NORTH EUROPE 179 

1673 DEBES, LUCAS JACOBSON. Faeroae et Faeroa reserata. Det er: 
Faeroernes oc Faeroeske Indbyggeres Beskrifvelsc, udi hvilkcn foris 
til Liuset adskillige Naturens Hemeligheder, oc nogle Antiqviteter, som 
her til Dags udi Morcket hafve vaeret indelugte, oc nu her opladis, 
Alle curieuse til Velbehagelighcd. 8vo. Copenhagen. 

1683 MIEGE, GUY. The Present State of Denmark. 12mo. London. 

French original, Rouen, 1670 

The author was a native of Lausanne, who settled in England and became 

a member of the household of Charles Howard, Karl of Carlisle, and Ambassa- 

dor Extraordinary to Russia, Sweden, and Denmark. 

PIERREVILLE, G. The present State of Denmark; and Reflections 
upon the ancient State thereof. Together with a particular Account 
of the Birth, Education, and Martial Achievements of his Royal High- 
ness Prince George, only Brother to his present Majesty of Denmark. 
8vo. London. 

The author was secretary to the King's Minister to Denmark. 

1691 For travels to Sweden and Denmark see An Accurate Description of the 
United Netherlands, under WEST EUROPE. 



1694 KING, WILLIAM. Animadversions on a Pretended Account of Dan- 
mark. 8vo. London. 

This probably refers to Molesvvorth's account. See following item, which 
provoked a number of replies. 

MOLES WORTH, ROBERT (First Viscount). An Account of Den- 
mark, as it was in the year 1692; more particularly of the Form of 
Government, how it became hereditary and absolute ; the Conditions, 
Customs, and Temper of the People; of the Revenue, Army, Fleet, 
Fortresses, Court; Disposition and Inclination of the King- of Denmark 
towards his Neighbors ; the manner of disposing and restoring the 
Duke of Holstein Gottorp ; the Interest of Denmark with other States ; 
of the Clergy, Laws, Learning, . . . 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 16Q7; 4th edit., with added matter, London, 1738; 
abbreviated reprint in Harris II, 501-507. See below. 

This book so much exasperated the Danish sovereign that he demanded the 
punishment of the author, who had been ambassador at his court. On being told 
that English laws did not permit reprisals of this kind, he said, as we are informed 
by Count Suhm, that if such a work had been published in his dominions against 
England, the author should have been executed for it. Quoted. Moles worth re- 
sided in Denmark during the reign f William III. He explains how the great 
revolution took place by which the Danish kings, hitherto elected and limited, be- 
came hereditary and absolute monarchs. The observation is made that this is the 
only legal absolute monarchy in the world, the King having been declared such 
by the States of that Kingdom, which had such power under the Constitution. 
Hence the Danish Government is represented as being arbitrary and tyrannous, 



180 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

and is held up as an object lesson to men of enlightenment. Being anti-clerical 
in tone, the book at once obtained popularity and distinction. It was highly ap- 
proved by Shaftsbury and Locke. See Maggs, No. 594. 

1738 MOLES WORTH, ROBERT (First Viscount). An Account of Den- 
mark as it was in the year 1692. An Account of Sweden as it was 
in 1688. A Short Narrative of the Life and Death of John Rhinbald, 
Count Patlml. . . . 8vo. London. 

Said by Lowndes to be the best edition of this work. 

Denmark Vindicated; being an Answer to a late Treatise, called An Ac- 
count of Denmark as it was in the year 1692. Sent from a Gentleman 
in the Country to his Friend at London. (By Jodocus Crull.) 8vo. 
London. 

This is a criticism of Molesworth's book above. 

ROBINSON, JOHN (Bishop of London). An Account of Sueden, with 
an Extract of the History of that Kingdom. 8vo. London. 

The author spent more than 25 years at the Swedish court as chaplain to the 
English embassy. This little work is stored with useful information set forth in 
a style not unlike that of a modern consular report, and its value was recognized 
in diplomatic circles both in England and abroad. Marlborough wrote of Robin- 
son's excellent influence at the Swedish court in 1704, and in 1707 thought of em- 
ploying him to appease the Swedish King, who cherished grievances against the 
Allies. TXN B , quoted by Sotheran. 

1695 CARR, WILLIAM. For western and northern Europe see his Travel- 
louSs Guide, under GENERAL TRAVELvS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

1697 Travels through Denmark and some Parts of Germany : translated from 

a Manuscript in French. London. 

1698 BILBERG, JOHN. A Voyage of the late King of Sweden, and another 

of Mathematicians sent by him; in which are discovered the refrac- 
tion of the Sun, which sets not in the northern Parts at the Time of 
the Summer Solstice, Variation of the Needle, Latitude of Places, 
Season, ... of those Countries. By the Command of the most serene 
Charles XI, King of Sweden, . . . Faithfully Englished. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

1699 ALLISON, THOMAS. For his voyage from Archangel to the North 

Cape see under EAST EUROPE. 

1702 BROMLEY, WILLIAM. For an account of travel in Denmark and 
Sweden see his Several Years' Travels through Portugal, under WEST 
EUROPE. 



NORTH EUROPE 181 

1703 RUDBECK, OLOF. For a journey into Lapland and Finland see under 
Scheffer, 1674 above. 

Swedish original, Upsala, 1701. 

1707 Travels through Denmark and some Parts of Germany. By way of a 
Journal in the Retinue of the English Envoy in 1702. With Extracts 
of several Laws, relating to the absolute Power of the King. Religion 
and Civil Government of the Country. Including the Military and 
Maritime State thereof: the whole illustrated with divers curious Re- 
marks. 8vo. London. 

1714 WHITELOCK, BULSTRODE. Account of his Embassy to Sweden, 
delivered to the Parliament in the year 1654: together with the De- 
fensive Alliance concluded between Great Britain and Sweden in the 
year 1700, under the reign of the late King William. 8vo. London. 

This is a short pamphlet of 24 pp., and is probably not by Whitelocke. For 
his own journal see under 1772 below. 

1720 LEOPOLD, J. F. Relatio epistolica de Itinere suo Suedico 1707 facto, 
ad J. Woodward. London. 

1725 For an account of Sweden and Denmark see Travels through Flanders, 
Holland, Germany, etc., under WEST EUROPE. 

1732 (?) A Description of the Islands and Inhabitants of Faeroe, Written in 
Danish and translated into English. 12mo. London ( ?). 

Cited in Churchill's Introduction, which goes on to say: The description is 
very particular and curious and indeed more than could be expected of those mis- 
erable northern islands ; but the author was provost of the churches there, and 
had time to gather such an account, . . . His character of the people is very favor- 
able and savours more of affection than sincerity; but the worst part of this small 
book, is first a collection of some romantick stories of the ancient inhabitants of 
Faero; and in the next place, what is yet worse, a parcel of insignificant tales 
of spectres and illusions of Satan, as the author calls them It is apparent that 
the editor of Churchill was no folk lorist. No date is assigned to this work. 
Perhaps it is Debes's. See 1676 above. 

PEYRERE, ISAAC DE LA. An Account of Iseland sent to Monsieur 
de la Mothe de Vayer. In Churchill II, 383-395. 

This account is dated Dec. 8, 1644, Copenhagen. It may have been abstracted 
by the editors of Churchill from Peyrere's Relation du Grocnland, which was 
published at Paris, 1647. See the Hakluyt Society volume under 1850, ARCTIC 
REGIONS. 



182 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1738 An Account of Sweden as it was in the year 1688. See under Molesworth, 
1694 above. 



1744-48 A Succinct Account of the Kingdom of Sweden, with respect to its 
Climate, Soil and Produce; as also of the Temper, Genius, Customs, 
Policy, Form of Government, Force, and Trade of its Inhabitants. 
Collected from the Writings of an English Minister residing there. 
In Harris II, 493-501. 

This is a generalised account. The minister was one sent by William III 
to Charles XI of Sweden. 

A Voyage to the North, containing an Account of the Sea Coasts, Mines 
of Norway, the Danish, Swedish, and Muscovite Laplands ; Borandia, 
Siberia, Samojedia, Zemilla and Iceland ; with some very curious Re- 
marks on the Norwegians, Laplanders, Russians, Poles, Circassians, 
Cossacks, and other Nations. Extracted from the Journal of a Gentle- 
man, employed by the North Sea Company, at Copenhagen ; and from 
the Memoirs, of a French Gentleman, who, after serving many years 
in the Armies of Russia, was at last banished into Siberia. In Harris 
II, 457-492. 

The occasion of this voyage was the desire of the North Sea Trading Com- 
pany to extend its commerce by voyages of discovery. For this purpose a peti- 
tion was presented to Frederick III, King of Denmark, Feb., 1653. Permit was 
secured and several ships were fitted out. The author, being of a curious mind 
and residing at Copenhagen at the time, took a fancy to the voyage and went as 
surgeon to the ships. It is an interesting narrative given generally in the first 
person. 

1745 STORY, JOHN. Travels through Sweden: Containing a short Survey 
of that Kingdom ; and a Brief Description of all its Provinces : as also 
Their Riches, Antiquity, Nature, and Manners ; together with the Gov- 
ernment of this Realm, Might and Power of this great King, as well 
by Sea as Land, his great Officers, Customs, and Revenues of the 
Crown : Likewise a Catalogue of many of the Kings of Sweden . . . 
In Osborne I, 209-237. 

This account comes down "to the present year 1632." There is no narra- 
tive ; the contents could have been compiled from books. The author was obliged 
to travel ''to avoid the persecutions of the iniquitous court of Star-Chamber." 
Quoted from Osborne. 

1748 An Historical Abridgement of the Present State of Sweden. 2 vols. 
12mo. London. 

This treats of the interval between 1680 and 1743. Very concise, but not al- 
ways correct, and of small esteem. Pinkerton VI. 



NORTH EUROPE 183 

1755 PONTOPPIDAN, ERIC (Bishop of Bergen). The Natural History of 
Norway. Folding map and 28 plates. 2 vols. Fol. London. 

Danish original, Copenhagen, 1752-54. See below. 

Notwithstanding Pontoppidan is occasionally betrayed into error by his cred- 
ulity, his account of the country and its natural history is very valuable, and in 
general correct. Pinkcrton XVII. 

1752-54 PONTOPPIDAN, ERIC. Forsog til Norges naturlige Historie. 2 vols. 
30 plates. Copenhagen. 

1758 HORREBOW, NIELS. The Natural History of Iceland; containing a 
Particular Account of the different Soils, Burning Mountains, Miner- 
als, Vegetables, Metals, Beasts, Birds and Fishes, with the Disposition, 
Customs, and Manner of Living of the Inhabitants. Interspersed with 
an Account of the Island by Mr. Anderson . . . Translated from the 
Danish Original (by Mr. Anderson). Large folding map. Fol. 
London. 

Danish original, Copenhagen, 1750. See below. 

Boswell reports that Bennet Langton had said to him that Johnson could re- 
peat a complete chapter from this work, "the whole of which was exactly this: 
Chap. LXXI1. Concerning Snakes. There are no snakes to be met with through- 
out the whole Island.' " 

1750 HORREBOW, NIELS. Tilforladclige efterretninger om Island. 8vo. 
Copenhagen. 

1770 MALLET, PAUL HENRY. A Description of the Manners, Customs, 
Religion, and Laws of the Ancient Danes, and other Northern Nations, 
including those of our own Saxon Ancestors ; with a Translation of 
the Edda, or System of Runic Mythology, and other Pieces from the 
Ancient Islandic, with Additional Notes and Goranson's Latin Version 
of the Edda. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

An edition in Bonn's Library, 2 vols., London, 1847. See below. French orig- 
inal, Copenhagen, 1755-56. See below. 

This work is a translation from the French by Bishop Percy, editor of Rcli- 
ques of Ancient English Poetry, It contributed to the nourishment of romantic 
longings for the distant in time and place, and continued the interest in Norse 
mythology and literature of which Gray's "Runic Poems" are the finest expres- 
sion in the literature of the day. Mallet was tutor to Christian VII of Denmark. 
During his residence in that country he was engaged by Frederick II to write a 
history of Denmark in French. The above work was intended as a prefatory 
volume to the History, but it has merit as an independent work. 

1847 MALLET, PAUL HENRY. Mallet's Northern Antiquities; or, an His- 
torical Account of the Manners, Customs, Religions and Laws, Mar- 
itime Expeditions and Discoveries, Language and Literature of the 
Ancient Scandinavians Translated by Bishop Percy. New edition, re- 

vised by I. A. Blackwcll. 8vo. Bohn'i> Library. London. 

This work is considerably enlarged with a translation of the Prose 
Edda from the original old Norse text, with notes To this is added 
an abstract of the Eyrbyggja Saga, by Sir Walter Scott. 



184 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1755-56 MALLET, PAUL HENRI Introduction a 1'histoire du Danemarck ou 
Ton traitc de la religion, dcs moeurs, dcs lois, et dcs usages des ancicns 
Danois. (Part II.) Monuments de la mythologie et de la poesie de 
Celtes, et particulierement des anciens Scandinaves. 2 parts. Copen- 
hagen. 

1772 MARSHALL, JOSEPH. For travels in Denmark and Sweden in 1768, 

see under CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 

WHITELOCK, BULSTRODE. A Journal of the Swedish Embassy in 
1653 and 1654 from the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and 
Ireland, with Appendix of Original Papers. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

This was published by Charles Morton from the original manuscript. It was 
revised and reprinted by Henry Reeves, 2 vols , 8vo, London, 1855. Sec also Mem- 
oirs, Biographical and Historical, by R. H. Whitelock, Ix>ndon, 1860. 

Whitelock, the English Ambassador to Sweden, 1653-54, was appointed to 
many commissions during the Protectorate and served on all kinds of committees. 
Sweden was then at the height of its power. The pictures he gives us of its great 
personalities Christina, Oxcnstierna, and others, his conversations with Crom- 
well, are all highly interesting and of permanent value. The book has also been 
translated into Swedish. From D.N.B. By modernising the spelling in his edi- 
tion of 1855, Henry Reeves destroyed the original flavor of the work. Sotheran. 

1773 Letters from an English Gentleman during his Travels through Denmark. 

London. 



OROSIUS. The Anglo-Saxon Version from the Historian Orosius by 
Alfred the Great. This together with an English Translation from 
the Old English by Daines Harrington. 8vo. London. 

Also in Hakluyt's Principal Voyages, said to be by Dr. Caius. Not regarded 
as accurate and considered to be of little value. Pinkerton XVII. 

Among the men whom King Alfred gathered around him in the cause of 
learning were the Norseman Ohthere and the Dane Wulfstan, whose voyages to 
the White Sea and the region of Archangel and to the eastern part of the Baltic 
respectively were used by the great king in his translation of Orosius' General 
History. The discoveries of these men enabled him to rectify the geography of 
the Germanic, Baltic, and Northern regions. The title of Orosius' work was His- 
toriae adversum Paganos. It was suggested to him by St. Augustine, and was 
the first attempt to write the history of the world as a history of God guiding 
humanity. Nearly 200 MSS. are extant. Alfred's version is a free, abridged trans- 
lation. The Old English text with the Latin original was edited by Henry Sweet 
in 1883. Daines Harrington's eighteenth century version is evidence of the grow- 
ing interest the age was manifesting in Old English language and literature. 

1775 WRAXALL, NATHANIEL. A Tour through some of the Northern 
Parts of Europe, particularly Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Peters- 
burgh, in a Series of Letters. Map. 8vo. London. 

3rd edit., corrected, London, 1776. 

Wraxall covered a distance of 2000 miles around the Baltic Sea in five 
months' time. He was a tireless traveller. See under date 1800, WEST EUROPE. 



NORTH EUROPE 185 

1777 WILLIAMS, JOHN. For a generalized description of Denmark and 
Sweden, see under CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 



1780 BANKS, JOSEPH (and Others). Letters on Iceland. See under Uno 
von Troil this date below. 



COXE, WILLIAM. An Account of the Prisons and Hospitals in Russia, 
Sweden, and Denmark. With occasional Remarks on the different 
Modes of Punishments in those Countries. 8vo. London. 

TROIL, UNO VON. Letters on Iceland: containing Observations on 
the Civil, Literary, Ecclesiastical, and Natural History; Antiquities, 
Volcanoes, Uasaltes, Hot Springs ; Customs, Dress, Manners of the In- 
habitants, . . . Made during a Voyage undertaken in the Year 1772, 
by Joseph Banks, Esq., P.R.S., assisted by Dr. Solander, F.R.S., Dr. 
J. Lind, F.R.S., Dr. Uno von Troil, and several other Literary and 
Ingenious Gentlemen. . . . Map and 1 plate. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1780; the whole revised and corrected by E. Mendes da 
Costa, with map, Dublin, 1780; this again, London, 1783. In Pinkerton I, 621-734, 
with additions. Swedish original, Upsala, 1777. See below. 

According to Pinkerton, the most valuable version of the^e letters is the 
French translation by Lindholtn, Paris, 1781, for which the Swedish original was 
revised by von Troil, and to which he added notes from the English and German 
editions. Banks and Solander will be remembered as members of Cook's first expe- 
dition to the South Seas. 

1808-1814 TROIL, UNO VON. Letters on Iceland, . to which are added, the 
Letters of Dr. Ihre and Or. Bad to the Author, concerning the Edda, 
and the Elephantiasis of Iceland; also Prof. Borgman's curious Obser- 
vations and Chemical Examination of the Lava and other Substances 
produced on the Island. In Pinkerton I, 621-734 

1777 TROIL, UNO VON. Bref rorende en Resa til Island in aaren 1772. 
Upsala. 

1782 SHERIDAN, T. R. A Full and Genuine Account of the Revolution in 
the Kingdom of Sweden . , . to which is added Facts concerning the 
Extent, Power, Government, Religion, Literature, and Manners of the 
Swedish Nation. Folding maps and plate (view of Stockholm). 8vo. 
London. 



1784 COXE /WILLIAM. Travels into Poland, Russia, Sweden, and Denmark, 
with Historical Relations. Maps, plans, portraits, and other engraving's. 
2 vols. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in 5 vols., London, 1787-1791 ; again, London, 1792. Sections on 
Sweden and Denmark reprinted in Pinkerton VI, 293-372. Translated into French, 
Geneva, 1786. See below and also this date under EAST EUROPE. 



186 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1786 (In French.) Voyage en Pologne, Russie, Suede, Dannemarc, . . . Tra- 
duit de 1'anglais par P. H. Mallet. Map, plans, and portraits. 2 vols. 
4to. Geneva. 

1789 CONSETT, MATTHEW. A Tour through Sweden, Swedish Lapland, 

Finland, and Denmark; in a Series of Letters. Engravings. 4to. 
London. 

Translated into German, Nurnberg, 1790. 

Consett accompanied Sir H G. Liddell, Bart., and Mr. Bowes on this trip. 

Lowndes considers it to be a hasty tour containing, however, many amusing ob- 
servations, anecdotes, and little descriptive sketches. 

1790 A Voyage in Sweden, containing the State of its Population, Commerce, 

Finances, with several particulars concerning the History of Denmark, 
by a Dutch Officer. Translated into English by W. Radcliffe (with 
additions of particulars concerning the life of Count Struensee). 
London. 

French original, the Hague, 1789. See below. 

These travels contain an accurate and interesting account of Sweden. Pin- 
kerton XVII. 

1789 Voyage en Suede; con tenant un etat de sa population, de son commerce, 
des ces finances, avec quelques particularites concernant 1'histoire du 
Dannemarck, par un Officier Hollandais. The Hague. 

1792 SWINTON, ANDREW. Travels into Norway, Denmark, and Russia, 
1788-1791, with Vocabulary. Dublin. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1798. See below. 

This work contains a variety of amusing information, written in rather a flip- 
pant style. There is an Appendix of words common to the Scotch, Icelanders, 
and Danes. Lowndes. 

1798 (In French ) Voyage en Norvege, en Dannemarck et en Russie. Traduit 
par P. F. Henry. 2 vols. Paris. 

1796 Letters from Scandinavia, on the Past and Present State of the Northern 
Nations of Europe. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

A valuable and authentic work. Lowndes. 

WOLLSTONECRAFT, MARY. Betters written during a short Resi- 
dence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. 8vo. London. 

This is by the famous author of the Vindication of the Rights of Women, 
later to become the wife of William Godwin. "She appears to have been grossly 
irreligious, indelicate and dissolute." London Gentleman's Magazine, June, 1836. 
Quoted by Bookseller. 

1800 A Journey through Sweden. London. 
So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 



NORTH EUROPE 187 

ADDENDA 

1802 ACERBI, JOSEPH. Travels through Sweden, Finland and Lapland, to 
the North Cape, in the years 1798 and 1799. Folding map and en- 
graved plates (natural history plates in color). 2 vols. 4to. London. 

Translated into German, Berlin, 1803; into French, 3 vols., Paris, 1804; into 
Dutch, 4 vols., Haarlem, 1804-06. 

The accounts of Finland, which has been little visited by travellers, and the 
additional information respecting Lapland contained in this work, bestow a great 
value on it. Pmkerton XVII. 

1805 OLAFSEN and POVELSEN. Travels in Iceland 1800-01. Voyages and 
Travels. A Collection II. 

So cited in Chavanne. 

1808-1814 EHRENMALM, ARWID. The Travels of Arwid Ehrenmalm 
into the Western Nordland and the Lapland Province of Asehle, or 
Aughermanland, in the Month of June, 1741. Translated from the 
Histoire Generate des Voyages, XXV, 464 f f. In Pinkerton I, 337-375. 

FORTIA, M. Travels in Sweden. Translated from the French Voyage 
de deux Francais en Allemagne, Danemarck, Suede, Russie, et Po- 
logne fait en 1790-92 (Paris, 1796). In Pmkerton VI, 373-569. 

KERGUELEN-TREMAREC, IVES JOSEPH DE. For his voyage 
along the coasts of Norway see his Relation of a Voyage in the North 
Sea, under ARCTIC REGIONS. 

LEEMS, KNUD. An Account of the Laplanders of Finmark, their 
Language, Manners and Religion. By Knud Leems, Professor of the 
Laplandic, with the Notes of Gunner, Bishop of Drontheim, and a 
Treatise by Jessen, on th* Pagan Religion of the Finns and Laplanders. 
Originally in Danish and Latin, Copenhagen, 1767. New translated 
into English. In Pinkerton I, 376-490. 

Danish original, Copenhagen, 1767. See below. 

1767 LEEMS, KNUD. Bcskrivelse oefwer Finmarkens Lapper. 4to. Copen- 
hagen. 

MAUPERTUIS, PIERRE-LOUIS MOREAU DE. Memoir read be- 
fore the Royal Academy of Sciences, Nov. 13, 1737, on the Measure of 
a Degree of the Meridian at the Polar Circle. With his Journey to the 
Polar Circle and his Journey to the Extremity of Lapland for the 



188 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

purpose of finding an ancient Monument. Newly translated. In Pin- 
kerton I, 251-258. 

French original, Paris, 1738. See below. 

The other half of this project was the measurement of a degree of the 
meridian in the equatorial region, which was carried out in La Condamine's Voy- 
age (see under 1747, SOUTH AMERICA). In company with Maupertuis were 
Outhier (see below), Clairault, Camus, and Monnier, assisted by the Swedish as- 
tronomer Celsius. 

1738 MAUPERTUIS, PIERRE-LOUIS MOREAU DE. Sur la figure de la 
Terre. 12mo. Paris. 

OUTHIER, REGNAULD (Abbe). Journal of a Voyage to the North 
in the Years 1736 and 1737. Newly translated from the original. In 
Pinkerton I, 259-321. 

French original, Paris, 1744. See below. 

This is the same voyage as that reported on by Maupertuis. 

1744 OUTHIER, REGNAULD (Abb*). Journal d'un voyage au Nord en 
1736-37, par M. Outhier, pretre du diocese de Besancon. Illus. 4to. 
Paris. 

1811 LINNAEUS, CARL. Lachesis Lapponica; or A Tour in Lapland, now 
first published from the original Manuscript Journal of the celebrated 
Linnaeus ; by James Edward Smith. Proof portrait of Linnaeus and 
various cuts in the text. 2 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 

An important and interesting work on Lapland and parts of Norway and 
Sweden. Maggs, No. 499. This famous botanist was himself the instigator of 
a large number of scientific voyages. 



VII 

East Europe 

1568-69 TURBERVILLE, GEORGE. Certaine Letters in Verse. Written by 
Master George Turheruile, out of Moscouia, which went as Secretare 
thither with Master Tho. Randolph, her Maisties Embassadour to the 
Emperor, 1568, to certain friends of his in London, describing the 
manners of the Country and People. London. 

Referred to in vol. 10, Hakluyt Society, 1851. See under this date, ADDENDA. 

1591 FLETCHER, GILES. Of the Russe Common Wealth. Or Maner of 
Gouernemeiit by the Russe Emperour . . . with the manners, and fash- 
ions of the people of that Countrey, . . . 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Hakluyt, 1599; in Purchas, 1625; 18mo, London, 1643. Edited 
for the Hakluyt Society, London, 1857. See below. 

This, the first edition, is very rare. The dedication to the Queen is omitted 
in subsequent reprints. From it \\e learn that Fletcher, who had been sent on a 
speeial embassy to Russia in 1588, prepared his notes during his sojourn in that 
country, and whiled away the time on the return journey by putting them into 
the above shape. He had to endure many indignities from the Russian authorities 
and, although he obtained several concessions for English merchants, he expressed 
his bad opinion of Russia so strongly that the Kastland merchants were alarmed. 
They accordingly petitioned Lord Burghley, and the book was suppressed. It was 
so much esteemed, however, that with the omission of several passages it \vas 
reprinted in Hakluyt and Purchas. From Quaritch. 

1857 Russia at the Close of the Sixteenth Century, Comprising the Treatise, 
"The Russe Commonwealth" by Dr. Giles Fletcher, and the Travels 
of Sir Jerome Horsey, Knt., now for the first time printed entire from 
his own MS. Edited by Sir Edward Augustus Bond, K.C B., Principal 
Librarian of the Brit. Mus. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 20. London. 

1602 A Lamentable report of the miserable State of Liuonia or Lyffeland con- 
cerninge great Dearth and famine by reason of the Warres there. 
With newes of the Ouerthrowe of the Turkes by the Persians this 
yere 1602. London. 

So entered in the Stationers' Register. 

1605 SMITH, SIR THOMAS. Sir Thomas Smithes Voiage and Entertain- 
ment in Russia. With the tragicall ends of two Emperors and one Em- 
presse . . . And the miraculous prcseruation of the now raigning Em- 
peror, esteemed dead for 18. yeares . . . 4to. London. 

Very rare. The author is unknown. From reading it one would suppose that 
he was one of Sir Thomas Smith's suite, but in the address to the reader he 
says : "But I taking the truth from the mouths of diuers gentlemen that went in 
the lourney, and having som good notes bestowed upon me in writing, wrought 
them into this body, because neither thou shouldst be abused with false reports 
nor the Voyage receiue slaimder." He was evidently a man well acquainted with 

(189) 



190 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

the literary London of his time, for he mentions Sir Philip Sidney, Fulke Greville, 
and Ben Jonson ("our Lawreat worthy Bcniamen") by name; and there is an 
allusion to the play of Hamlet, suggested by the supposed sudden poisoning of 
the Czar Ivan. Quaritch. Smith was apparently much interested in trade and 
discovery. 

1662 OLEARIUS, ADAM. For his travels in Russia see his Voyages and 
Travels of the Ambassadors, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

1669 HOWARD, CHARLES (First Earl of Carlisle). The Earl of Carlisle's 
Relation of three Embassies from his Majesty Charles II to the Duke 
of Muscovy, the King of Sweden, and the King of Denmark, in 1663 
and 1664. 8vo. London. 

Translated into French, Rouen and Amsterdam, 1669-1670. See below. 
This was written by an attendant on the Embassies ; and published with his 
Lordship's approbation. Pinkerton XVII. 

1669-1670 (In French.) Relation des trois ambassades de M. le comte (Ch. 
Howard) de Carlisle de la part de Charles II, roy de la Grande-Bre- 
tagne, vers le grand due de Moscovie, le roy de Suede et le roy de 
Danemark, de 1663-65, avec une description de la Moscovie. Traduit 
par Guy Miege. 2nd edition (made on that of Rouen). 12mo. Amsterdam. 

1671 COLLINS, SAMUEL. The Present State of Russia, in a Letter to a 

Friend at London ; written by an Eminent Person residing at the Great 
Tzars Court at Mosco for the space of nine years. Copperplates, in- 
cluding a portrait of Czar Alexei Michailovitch. 12mo. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1679. See below. 

This is a very entertaining account of life in the Russian court, . . . Dor- 
man Newman, the original publisher, according to his own statement, received 
the manuscript from "a gentleman that attended upon the learned Dr. Collins all 
the time of his being with the emperor of Russia." D.N.B., quoted by Sotheran. 
Collins was physician to the Czar of Russia. 

1679 (In French.) Relation de la Russie, par un Anglais qui a ete neuf ans 
a la cour du grand Czar. Avec figures. Paris. 

The name of the author of this work is catalogued as Antoine 
Desbarres. But the wording of the title suggCvSts that it is evidently a 
translation of Collins' work. 

1672 CHEVALIER, PIERRE. A Discourse of the Original, Countrey, Man- 

ners, Government and Religion of the Cossacks, with another of the 
Procopian Tartars. And the History of the Wars of the Cossacks 
against Poland. (Translated from the French by Edward Browne.) 
8vo. London. 

The translator was a son of Sir Thomas Browne and a traveller himself. 
See Browne under 1673, CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 



EAST EUROPE 191 

1682 MILTON, JOHN. A Brief History of Muscovia; and of other less 
known Countries lying Eastward of Russia, as far as Cathay. Gath- 
ered from the Writings of several Eye Witnesses. By John Milton, 
before he lost his Sight. London. 

1689 BOUVET, J. (Father). The Present Condition of the Muscovite Empire 
till the Year 1689. 8vo. London. 

1697 The Ancient and Present State of Poland drawn out of their best Histor- 

ians. London. 

1698 CONNOR, BERNARD. The History of Poland, in several Letters to 

Persons of Quality; giving an Account of the ancient, and present, 
State of that Kingdom, Historical, Geographical, Physical, Political, 
and Ecclesiastical, viz., Its Origin and Extent, with a Description of 
its Towns and Provinces ; the Succession and remarkable Actions of 
all its Kings, . . . the Election, Power, and Coronation of the King; 
the Diet and Form of Government. The Privileges of the Gentry ; 
their Religion, Learning, Language, Customs, Habit, Manners, Riches, 
Trade, and military Affairs; together with the state of Physick and 
natural Knowledge : . . . With sculptures, and a new Map after the 
best Geographers ; with several Letters relating to Physick ... 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

Reprinted in part in Harris II, 508-515. 

Connor lived for some time in Poland as physician to King John Sobieski. 

CRULL, JODOCUS. The Antient and Present State of Muscovy. 8vo. 
London. 

DE HAUTEVILLE, . An Account of Poland; containing a Geo- 
graphical Description of the Country; the Manners of the Inhabitants, 
and the Wars they have been engaged in; the Constitution of that Gov- 
ernment, . . . with a brief History of the Tartars. . . . To which is 
added, A Chronology of the Polish Kings. . . . The whole comprehend- 
ing whatsoever is curious and worthy of remark in the former and 

present State of Poland. London. 

De Hauteville is a pseudonym for Caspars de Tende, "who resided about 
25 Years in that Kingdom." 

An Historical Account of Russia; containing the Customs and Manners 
of the People, and a Description of the vast Dominions subject to His 
Imperial Majesty the Czar of Muscovia. 8vo. London. 



192 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

LUDOLF, H. W. Curious Observations concerning the Products of Rus- 
sia. 12mo. London. 

This account is found added to Adam Brand's Journal of the Embassy from 
their Majesties John and Peter Alexievits, Emperors of Muscovy. See Brand 
this date under FAR EAST. 

1699 ALLISON, THOMAS. An Account of a Voyage from Archangel in 
1697; also, Remarkable Observations of the Climate, Country and In- 
habitants. 2 charts. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton I, 491-521. 

This voyage extended from Archangel to the neighborhood of the North Cape. 

NEUVILLE, FOY DE LA. An Account of Muscovey, as it was in the 
Year 1689, in which the Troubles that Hapned in that Empire, from 
the present Czar Peter's Election to the Throne to his being firmly set- 
tled in it, are particularly related. With a Character of Him and his 
People. 8vo. London. 

This is an interesting personal account of the primitive conditions then pre- 
vailing in Russia, and of the early years of the Czar Peter the Great before he 
left on his European tour and introduced reforms into Russia. Sotheran. The 
author lived at Moscow at the time of his writing his report. 

1701 BLOMBERG, DE. An Account of Livonia, with a Relation of the 

Rise, Progress, and Decay of the Marian Teutonick Order, the Revo- 
lutions that have happened there, Account of the Dukedoms of Cour- 
land, Semigallia, and Provinces of Pilten ; to which is added the Au- 
thor's Journey from Livonia to Holland in 1698, sent in Letters to his 
Friend in London. Frontispiece. 8vo. London. 

1703 RUDBECK, OLOF. For Livonia and its Wars see under NORTH EU- 
ROPE. 

1706 MARTINIERE, PIERRE MARTIN DE LA. For an account of the 
Czar of Russia and his court see his Travels into the Northern Coun- 
tries, under 1674 (the 1706 edition), NORTH EUROPE. 

1716 PERRY, JOHN (Captain). The State of Russia, under the present Czar. 
In Relation to the several great and remarkable Things he has done . . . 
particularly those Works on which the Author was employ'd with the 

Reasons of his quitting the Czar's Service after having been Fourteen 
Years in that Countrey. . . . Also an Account of those Tartars, and 
other People who border on the Eastern and extreme Northern Parts 
of the Czar's Dominions, their Religion and Manner of Life: to which 



EAST EUROPE 193 

is annexed, a more accurate Map of the Czar's Dominion than has 
hitherto been extant. Folding map by Moll. 8vo. London. 

"This ingenious officer and mechanic" was engaged by the Russian Ambassa- 
dor, at a salary of 300 pounds a year, to superintend in particular a communication 
then making between the Volga and the Don. In an introduction to this work Perry 
gives an account of the many disappointments he experienced during fourteen 
years of residence in Russia, which he was finally forced to quit without receiving 
his expected remuneration. Of the country itself, and of the various plans of the 
Czar for its improvement, a pleasing account is given From Nichols, Literary 
Anecdotes 

1717 SOUTH, (Dr.). Travels into Poland with the Earl of Rochester, 
in the year 1674. London. 

This work is referred to in Hearne's Remains 

1720 LE BRUN, CORNELIUS. For his travels in Russia see his Voyage to 
the Levant, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

1722-23 WERER, F. C. The Present State of Russia, heing an Account of the 
Government of that Country, Civil and Ecclesiastical, . . . being the 
Journal of a Foreign Minister who resided in Russia at that Time, 
with a Description of Petersburg and Cronstot, and other Pieces re- 
lating to the Affairs of Russia, translated from the High Dutch. Maps. 
2 vols. 8vo. London. 

This work contains also Lange and Lc Brim, Travels throuyh Russia to 
China and Siberia See Lange this date under FAR EAST. 

1729 CON SETT, T. The Present State and Regulations of the Church of Rus- 
sia, established by the late Tsar's Royal Edict; also a Collection of 
several Tracts relating to Fleets, Expeditions to Derbent, . . . trans- 
lated from the Originals in the Slavonian and Russian Languages, 
with an accurate map of the Caspian Sea. 2 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 

1732 BEAUPLAN, GUILLAUME LEVASSEUR, SIEUR DE. A Descrip- 
tion of Ukraine, Containing several Provinces of the Kingdom of 
Poland, Lying between the Confines of Muscovy, and the Borders of 
Transylvania. Together with their Customs, Manner of Life, and 
how they manage their Wars. (Translated from the French.) In 
Churchill I, 515-551. 

Abstract in Harris II, 516-520. French original, Paris, 1660. See below. 

The author served 17 years in the Ukraine as engineer to the King of Poland. 
He gives interesting pictures of the ways of life among the Cossacks and Tar- 
tars. He states that the Crimean Tartars do not open their eyes for several days 
after they are born. The period of his stay in the country was in the middle of 
the 17th century. 



194 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1660 BEAUPLAN, GUILLAUME LEVASSEUR DE. Description de 1'Uk- 
raine, qui sont plusieurs provinces du royaume de Pologne contenuas 
depuis les confins de la Moscovie jusques aux Hmites de la Transyl- 
vanie, ensemble les moeurs, facon de vivre et de la faire le guerre. 4to. 
Paris. 

MOTRAYE, AUBRY DE LA. Travels in several Provinces of ducal 
and royal Prussia, Russia, and Poland. The Hague, London, and 
Dublin. 

So cited in Pinkerton XVII. For Motraye's general travels through Europe, 
Asia, and Africa see under 1723, GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIP- 
TIONS. 

1734 A Particular Description of the City of Dantzick, its Fortifications, Extent, 
Trade, Government, Religion, . . . with many other remarkable Curios- 
ities. By an English Merchant, lately resident there. 8vo. London. 

1736-38 STRAHLENBURG, PHILIP JOHANN VON. Historico-Geograph- 
ical Description of the North and Eastern Parts of Europe and Asia, 
but more particularly of Russia, Siberia and great Tartary, translated 
from the original German into English. Maps and plates. 2 vols. 
4to. London. 

An edition in 1 vol. is listed under 1738. German original, Stockholm and 
Leipzig, 1730. See below. 

The author was a Swede who had fallen prisoner to the Russians after the 
defeat of Charles XII. The name he bore first was Philipp Johann Tabbert ; he 
later adopted the name listed above after he had been ennobled upon his return 
to Sweden. Together with the Prussian naturalist Messerschmidt, he explored 
the lower basins of the Obi and Yenesei river systems. His map of Northern 
Asia for a long time served as the chief guide to this region. 

1730 STRAHLENBURG, PHILIP JOHANN VON. Das Nord- und Oestliche 
Theil von Europa und Asia, insoweit solches das ganze Russische Reich 
mit Siberien und der grossen Tartarey in sich begreiffet. Copperplates. 
2 vols. Stockholm. 

1739 JUSTICE, ELIZABETH. A Voyage to Russia: Describing the Laws, 
Manners and Customs, of that Great Empire, as govern'd, at this pres- 
ent, by the Excellent Princess, the Czarina. Shewing The Beauty of 
Her Palace, the Grandeur of Her Courtiers, the Forms of Building at 
Petersburgh, and other Places : With several Entertaining Adventures, 
that happened in the Passage by Sea, and Land. ... To which is added, 
Translated from the Spanish, A Curious Account of the Relicks, which 
are exhibited in the Cathedral of Oviedo, A City of Spain. Numerous 
woodcuts. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1746. 



EAST EUROPE 195 

1742 SPILMAN, JAMES. For his travels in Russia see his Journey through 
Russia into Persia, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

1744-48 For an account of the Russians, Poles, Circassians, and Cossacks see 
A Voyage to the North this date under NORTH EUROPE. 

1745 A Description of Moscovy: Containing I, Its ancient and modern State, 
Situation, Extent, Latitude, Division into Provinces, . . . II. Its Cities 
and Towns, Fortification, and Manner of Building ; the first Discovery 
made by the English, . . . III. Their Religion, Marriages, Obedience 
of the Women to their Husbands, their Diet, . . . IV. The Government 
of the Provinces, ... V. Their Military Affairs, ... VI. Strange Fish, 
Beasts, Fowl, and other Rarities of Moscovy. VII. The Succession of 
the Royal House of Moscovy, ... In Osborne I, 239-250. 

1745.47 JENKINSON, ANTHONY. For his travels in Russia see The Voy- 
ages and Travels of Anthony Jenkinson from Russia to Boghar, under 
CENTRAL ASIA. 



1753 HANWAY, JONAS. For his voyage down the Volga see his An His- 
torical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea, under 
CENTRAL ASIA. 

1758 WHITWORTH, LORD CHARLES. An Account of Russia as it was 
in the Year 1710. 8vo. London. 

The introduction was written by Horace Walpole and the work printed at 
the Strawberry Hill Press. The author served as Minister at the courts of Poland 
and St. Petersburg. 

1763 BELL, JOHN (of Auchtermony). For his travels in Russia see his 

Trowels from St. Petersburgh in Russia to several Parts of Asia, un- 
der CENTRAL ASIA. 

1764 Anecdotes russes ou Lettres d'un officer Allemand a un gentilhomme Liv- 

onien, ecrites de Petersbourg en 1762, terns du rcgne et du detrone- 
ment de Pierre III, . . . et publics par C.F.S. de la Marche. 8vo. 
Londres. 

1770 CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, JEAN (Abbe). For an account of the 
manners and customs of the Russians see his Journey into Siberia, un- 
der SIBERIA. 



196 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

COOK, JOHN (M. D.) Voyages and Travels through the Russian Em- 
pire, Tartary, and part of Persia (made in 1739 and 1750). 2 vols. 
8vo. Edinburgh. 

MANSTEIN, CHRISTOPH HERMANN VON (General). Memoirs 
of Russia, Historical, Political, and Military, 1727-1744, a period Com- 
prehending many Remarkable Events, in particular the Wars of Russia 
with Turkey and Sweden, . . . the State of the Military, Marine, Com- 
merce, . . . Translated from the original Manuscript. Maps and plans. 
4to. London. 

2nd edit., corrected and improved, London, 1773. 

A work of authority. The recommendatory advertisement was written by 
David Hume. Lowndes. CTcst tin morccau d'histoire aussi prcieux par la sin- 
cerite de Tecrivain, temoin dcs faits qu'il raconte, qu'interessant par rapport aux 
faits eux-memes. Bioy, Gen., quoted by Sotheran. 

1772 BRUCE, PETER HENRY. For an account of his travels in Russia see 
his Memoirs of Peter Henry Bruce, under GENERAL TRAVELS 
AND DESCRIPTIONS. 



1773 LIND, JOHN. Letters concerning the Present State of Poland. 8vo. 
London. 

The author was tutor to Prince Stanislaus Poniatowski, and was appointed 
governor of an institution for the education of four hundred cadets. He returned 
to England in 1773. D.N.B. 

MARSHALL, JOHN. For his travels through Russia and Poland see 
his Travels through Holland, Germany, Russia, Sweden, Poland, under 
CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 



1775 VIGOR, (Mrs.) WILLIAM. Letters from a Lady who resided many 
years in Russia, to her Friend in England ; with Historical Notes. 8vo. 
London. 

The writer, whose third husband was William Vigor, was first married to 
Thomas Ward, Esq., consul-general of Russia in 1731. Her second husband was 
Claudius Rondeau, Esq., resident of that court. There she wrote these highly in- 
teresting and entertaining letters, which were published by DodvSley. Her account 
of the court of Russia is extremely curious, and the secret history of it quite 
new; and nowhere else, perhaps, so exactly pictured. From Nichols, Literary 
Anecdotes. 

WRAXALL, NATHANIEL. For an account of St. Petersburg see his 
Tour through some of the Northern Parts of Europe, under NORTH 
EUROPE. 



EAST EUROPE 197 

1778 KING, JOHN GLEN. A Utter to the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of 
Durham; containing some Observations on the Climate of Russia and 
the Northern Countries. London. 

The author was chaplain to the English Factory at St. Petersburg. 

1780 COXE, WILLIAM. See his Account of the Prisons and Hospitals in 
Russia, Sweden, and Denmark, under NORTH EUROPE. 

RICHARD, JOHN. A Tour from London to Petersburg and Moscow, 
and Return to London by the way of Curland, Poland, Germany, and 
Holland. London. 

Another edition, 12mo, Dublin, 1781. 

1780-83 GEORGI, . Russia: or, A Complete Historical Account of all 

the Nations, which compose that extensive Nation. (Translated from 
the German.) 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

Vols. 1-3 appeared in 1780; vol. 4 in 1783. German original, Frankfurt, 1777. 
See below. See also Tooke under 1799 below. 

The translator, Rev. William Tooke, was for many years chaplain to the 
English Factory in Russia. 

1777 GEORGI, . Merkwiirdigkeiten verschiedener unbekanntcr Volker des 

russischen Reiches. Ein Auszug auf den Bemerkungen desselben. 
Frankfurt. 

1784 COXE, WILLIAM. For his travels in Poland and Russia see his Trav- 
els into Poland, Russia, Sweden, and Denmark, under NORTH EU- 
ROPE. The sections dealing with Russia are reprinted from the 1802 
edition in Pinkerton VI, 570-913. 



RANDOLPH, . For Russia see his Observations on the Present 

State of Denmark, Russia, and Switzerland, under CONTINENTAL 
EUROPE. 



RICHARDSON, WILLIAM. Anecdotes of the Russian Empire in a 
Series of Letters written from St. Petersburgh. 8vo. London. 

1789 CRAVEN, LADY ELIZABETH (Margravine Anspach). A Journey 
through the Crimea to Constantinople in a Series of Letters written 
in the Year 1786. Map and plates. 4to. London. 

Reprinted, Dublin, 1789. A modern edition, London, 1914, Translated into 
French, London and Paris, 1789. See below. 

Lady Craven is said to have been the first woman that descended into the 



198 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

grotto of Antiparos. "She has, I fear, been infinitamente indiscreet, but what 
is that to you or me?" Horace Walpole, quoted. She was the author as well of 
several dramas which were produced at Drury Lane and Covent Garden theaters. 

1914 CRAVEN, LADY ELIZABETH. The Beautiful Lady Craven, the Orig- 
inal Memoirs of Elizabeth Baroness Craven, afterwards Margravine 
of Anspach and Bayreuth and Princess Berkeley of the Holy Roman 
Empire (1750-1828), edited with notes and biographical and historical 
introduction, containing much unpublished matter, by A. M. Broadley 
and Lewis Melville. Portraits. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1789 (In French.) Voyage en Crimea et a Constantinople, en 1786. Traduit de 
1'anglois par Guedon de Berchere. Map and 6 plates. 8vo. London 
and Paris. 

1792 PLESCHEEF, F. A Survey of the Russian Empire, translated, with Ad- 
ditions, by James Smirnove. Folding map and large colored plates. 
8vo. London. 

SWINTON, ANDREW. For his travels in Russia see his Travels in 
Norway, Denmark, and Russia, under NORTH EUROPE. 

1794 CHANTREAU, P. N. Philosophical, political and literary Travels in 

Russia, 1788. Translated from the French. 2 vols, 8vo. Perth. 

Another edition, London, 1794. French original, Paris, 1794. See below. 
Replete with curious and original information. Lowndes. 

1794 CHANTREAU, P. N. Voyage philosophique, politiquc, et literaire fait 
en Russie dans les annees 1788 et 1789: ouvrage dans le lequel on trouve 
avec beaucoup d'anecdotes, tout ce qu'il y a de plus inte*ressant, et dc 
yrai sur les moeurs des Russes, leur population, leurs opinions, relig- 
ieuses, leurs prejuges, leurs usages, leurs institutions politiques, leurs 
forces de terre et de mer, et le progres qu'ils ont faits dans les sci- 
ences: traduit du Hollandais, avec des augmentations considerables. 
2 vols. 8vo. London. 

A great part of this pretended translation from the Dutch is mere- 
ly copied from Coxe. Pinker ton XVII. 

1795 JONES, STEPHEN. The History of Poland, from its Origin as a Na- 

tion to 1795, with its Geography and Government, and Customs of its 
Inhabitants. Map. 8vo. London. 

1799 TOOKE, WILLIAM (Rev.). A View of the Russian Empire during 
the Reign of Catherine II, and to 1798: Manufactures, Commerce, . . . 
Map. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., 3 vols., 8vo, London, 1800. This last edition translated into French. 
Paris, 1801. 



EAST EUROPE 199 

1800 GUTHRIE, MARY. A Tour performed in the years 1795 and 1796, 
through Tauridia or Crimea, and all the other Countries on the North 
Shore of the Euxine, ceded to Russia by the Peace of Kaidnarga and 
Jaffy. Map and engravings. 2 vols. London. 

MASSON, CHARLES F. P. Secret Memoirs of the Court of Peters- 
burg, particularly towards the End of the Reign of Catherine II, and 
the Commencement of that of Paul I. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



ADDENDA 

1802-03 PALLAS, PETER SIMON. Travels through the Southern Provinces 
of the Russian Empire, in the years 1793 and 1794. Translated from 
the German of P. S. Pallas. 25 full paged colored plates, 14 colored 
vignettes, and 3 maps. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

German original, Leipzig, 1799-1801. See below. 

These travels of Professor Pallas into the Crimea and to the Caucasus are 
less confined to scientific objects and therefore are more generally interesting than 
his former work. Pinkerton XVII. Pallas was one of the savants chosen by the 
St. Petersburg Academy to carry on the work of examining the resources of the 
far distant parts of the Russian Empire. He left St. Petersburg in 1768 and 
spent full six years investigating various districts of Siberia the Urals, the Cas- 
pian, Tobolsk, Lake Baikal, the Lower Volga, etc. His reports on the geology, 
fauna and flora are of great scientific value. 

1799-1801 PALLAS, PETER SIMON. Bemerkungen auf einer Reise in der 
siidlichen Statthalterschaften der Russischen Reiche, 1793-94. Plates 
and maps. 2 vols. 4to. Leipzig. 

1851-52 HERBERSTEIN, BARON SIGISMUND VON. Notes upon Rus- 
sia, being a Translation from the earliest Account of that Country, 
entitled Rerum Muscoviticarum Commentarii, by the Baron Sigis- 
mund von Herberstein, Ambassador from the Court of Germany to 
the Grand Prince Vasiley Ivanovich, in the years 1517 and 1526. 
Translated, with Notes and Introduction, by Richard Henry Major, 
F.S.A., Keeper of Maps, Brit. Mus., Sec. R.G.S. 2 illus. 2 vols. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 10 and 12. London. 

1854 HAMEL, JOHN (Dr.). England and Russia compared: comprising the 
Voyages of John Tradescant the Elder, Sir Hugh Willoughby, Richard 
Chancellor, Nelson, and others to the White Sea. Translated by J. 
S. Leigh. Portrait and plates. 8vo. London. 

1857 HORSEY, SIR JEROME. Travels of Sir Jerome Horsey, Knt. See 
Hakluyt Society edition this date, under Fletcher, 1591, above. 



200 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1886 CHANCELLOR, RICHARD. Chancellor's Voyage to Muscovy; being 
Clement Adam's Anglorum Navigatio ad Muscovitas taken from Res- 
publica Muscoviae (1630). To which is added a very rare tract De 
Moneta Russica, Elzevir, 1630, with English Translation by J. M'Crin- 
dle. 8vo. London. 

Chancellor was "pilot-major*' of an expedition of three ships, which was sent 
out, under the instigation of Sebastian Cabot, to make discoveries and trade con- 
nections with the East by way of the Northeast Passage. The preparations were 
most elaborate; the ships sailed in May, 1553, amid salutes, salvoes and prayers. 
But the attempt turned out most disastrously, for two ships were lost in the ice 
and the crews starved to death. Among those who never returned was Sir Hugh 
Willoughby. Chancellor's ship managed to make the mouth of the River Dvina. 
He and his men finally reached Moscow and became the instruments for the de- 
velopment of trade between England and Russia. Chancellor was drowned on a 
later voyage. His account is the earliest first-hand report of Russia to English- 
men. The story is well told in Hakluyt. 

1919 BADDELEY, JOHN F. See his Russia, Mongolia, and China, under 
FAR EAST. 



VIII 

Near East 

1511 GUYLFORDE, SIR RICHARD. This is the begynnynge of the Pyl- 
grymage of Sir R. Guylforde Knyght. 4to. London. 

Printed by Pynson. A modern reprint issued by the Camden Society, London, 
1851. See below. 

This was a pilgrimage made to Palestine in 1506 at a time when such expedi- 
tions were generally in decline. The latest journey of this kind is believed to be 
Sir Richard Torkington's to Jerusalem in 1517. See below under 1883. The author 
of the above work, Whose name is unknown, was. chaplain to Sir Richard. The 
latter died in Palestine and was buried on Mount Sion. 

1851 GUYLFORDE, SIR RICHARD. The Pyl^rymage of Sir Richard Guly- 
ford (^tr) to the Holy Land A D 1506, from a copy believed to be 
unique from the press of Richard Pynson. Edited by Sir Henry Ellis. 
4to. Camden Society, vol. 51. London. 

1529 HAYTON (HATTO, HAITON, HAYCON, AITHON), NIC. Here 
begynneth a lytell cronycle translated and imprinted at the cost and 
charge of Richard Pynson, by the commandement of the right high 
and mighty Prince Edward duke of Buckingham, yerle of Gloucestre, 
Staffarde and of Northampton. Fol. London. 

It is stated in the colophon that this chronicle was translated out of French. 
According to Ibrahim-Hilmy the English version was made in 1520 by Alexander 
Barclay, the translator of Brant's Narrcnschiff. The date of the supposed French 
original is given as 1300 and that of the first Latin translation as 1307. The preface 
to the Latin edition of 1529 says that this work was composed by Haytho, adding, 
"Which I, Nicholas Salconi, by command of Pope Clement V, first wrote in the 
French language ... as the said Friar Haytho dictated it to me, without note 
or copy, and from the French I have translated it into Latin in the year 1307." 
Various editions in French and Latin followed, of which that in French of 1529 
is cited below. Hayton, whose name is variously spelled, was king of Little 
Armenia or Cilicia from 1224 to 1269 He became a monk and abdicated, lived 
on good terms with the Mongol Princes Batu, Kuyuk, Hulugii, and Mangu, and 
travelled extensively in central and western Asia. He finally came to Poictiers in 
France, where at the request of Pope Clement V, he dictated in French the his- 
tory of the East from the time of the appearance of the Mongols down to his 
day. Part VI tells of Syria and the towns on the sea coast, Egypt, the desert 
of Mt. Sinai, Arabia, and the Holy Land. See Hak. Soc. ser. I, vol. 7, and the 
Encyclopedia Britannic a, 14th edit. 

1529 HAYTON, NICHOLAS. L'Hystoire merveilleuse, plaisante et recreative 
du grand empereur de Tartaric, seigneur des Tartares, nomme le grand 
Can. Pour Jehan S. Denys (a la fin) ; Cy finist I'histoire merveilleuse 
. . . Fol. Paris. 

Ce livre est une traduction du Latin, fait en 1351, par Jehan de 
Longdit, ne a Ypres, moine de 1'abbaye de Saiiit-Bertin, a Saint-Omer, 
de 1'ordre de S. Benoit. Bookseller's Note. 

1542 The Order of the Create Turckes Courte, of the Menne of Warre, and 
of all hys Conquestes, with the Summe of Mahumetes Doctrine. Trans- 
lated out of Frenche (by Richard Grafton). 16mo. London. 

Grafton was the King's Printer. Together with Edward Whitchurch he 
issued in 1539 the "Great Bible," which was suppressed in Paris but ordered to 
be purchased by every parish in England. He also put out the Prayer Book of 1549. 

(201) 



202 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1577 NEWTON, THOMAS (the Elder). A Notable Historic of the Saracens. 
Briefly and faithfully descrybing the originall beginning, Continuance 
and Successe as well of the Saracens, as also of Turkes, Souldans, 
Mamalukes, Assassines, Tartarians and Sophians. With a Discourse of 
their Affaires and Actes from the Byrthe of Mahomet their first pee- 
uish Prophet and Founder for 700 yeeres space. Whereunto is an- 
nexed a Compendious Chronycle . . . from . . . Mahomets time tyll 
. . . 1575. Drawn out of Augustine Curio and sundry other Authours 
by Thomas Newton. 4to. London. 

Apparently this is the only edition of this rare book. It is dedicated to 
Charles Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham, in an address which plainly shows 
that Newton had no love for "Saracens, Turks, and other Reprobates of the 
same stamp and Lyuery." Quaritch. 

VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DI. For his travels in Arabia, Syria, and 
other parts of the Near East, see under EAST INDIES. 

In this part of his travels he visited Alexandria and Cairo, Damascus, Me- 
dina, Mecca, Yemen, and Aden. He was the first European to visit Mecca with 
a caravan and write an account of the journey. Bookseller's Note. 

1584 SAUNDERS, THOMAS. A most lamentable Voyage made into Tur- 

kye. Compiled by Thomas Saunders, Captyve. London. 

Cited in the Stationers' Register. 

1585 NICHOLAY, NICHOLAS DE, SIEUR D'ARFEVILLE. The Naviga- 

tions, Peregrinations and Voyages, made into Turkic by Nicholas Nich- 
olay, . . . conteining sundry singularities which the Author hath there 
scene and observed ;Deuided into foure Bookes, With threescore figures, 
naturally set forth as well of men as women . . . with divers faire 
and memorable Histories, happened in our Time. Translated out of 
French by T. Washington, the younger. 60 woodcut figures. 4to. 
London. 

2nd edit, of the French original, Anvers, 1576. See below. Reprinted in Os- 
borne I, 553-708 (pp. 631-698 not in this volume, but their lack may be due to 
an error in pagination). 

The occasion of this voyage was an embassy from the French king to the 
Sultan at Constantinople. Part I relates the adventures on the voyage thither, 
in which occurs the usual set-to with the Barbary corsairs ; the other books de- 
scribe the cities, countries, states, natives, dress, etc., of the inhabitants of the Turk- 
ish empire. The woodcuts, which have been attributed to Titian, are said to give 
a graphic idea of the inhabitants of the East. 

1576 NICOLAY, NICOLAS DE. Lcs Navigations, Perigrinations et voyages, 
faicts en la Turquie, par Nicholas de Nicolay, Daulphinoys seigneur 
d'Arfeuille, valet de chambre ct geographe ordinaire du roy f . . . 4to. 
Anvers. 



NEAR EAST 203 

1587 The Policy of the Turkish Empire. 4to. London. 
Pollard cites this as of the date 1590. 

1590 WEBBE, EDWARD. The rare and most wonderful thinges which Ed- 
ward Webbe an Englishman borne, hath scene and passed in his trouble- 
some trauailes, in the Citties of Jerusalem, Dammasko, Bethelem and 
Galely ; and in the Landes of Tewric, Egipt, Grecia, Russia, and in the 
Landes of Prester lohn. Wherein is set foorth his extreame slauerie 
sustained many yeres togither, in the Gallies and wars of the great 
Turk against the Landes of Persia, Tartaria, Spaine and Portugal!, 
with the manner of his releasement, and comming into Englande in 
May last. 4to. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1590; 2nd edit., enlarged and corrected by the author, 
London, 1590. Another edition, London, 1600. Reprinted in Arber Reprints, Lon- 
don, 1895. 

One closes Webbe's account doubting whether to wonder more at the brutal- 
ities of man or at the indomitableness of his spirit. 

1594 GLEMHAM, EDWARD. Newes from the Levant Seas. Discribing the 

. . . voyage of E. Glemham, Esquire, made . . . 1593 into the Levant 
Seas. By H. R. 4to. London. 

The name is spelled Glenham by Parks. The author afterwards made a 
second voyage. His adventures are described in black letter pamphlets, which 
were reprinted in 1829 and 1866. D.N.B. 

1595 ADRICHOMIUS, CHRISTIANUS. A Brief Description of Hierusalem 

and of the Suburbs thereof, as it florished in the time of Christ, with 
a Short Commentarie, translated out of Latin, by T. Tymme. Map. 
4to. London. 

The Estate of the Christians living under the Subjection of the Turke; 
also the Warres between the Christians and the Turke, 1592-93. 4to. 
London. 



MINADOI, GIOVANNI TOMMASO. The History of the Warres be- 
tweene Turkes and the Persians. Translated by A. Hartwell. 4to. 
London. See under EAST INDIES. 

1598 BUNTYNGE, HENRY. Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae that is a Voy- 
age of the whole Travelles of the Holy Scriptures devided into twoo 
Bookes. In the ffirst is conteyned all the Travelles of the Patryarches, 
Judges, Kinges, Prophets, prynces, . . . collected into Dutche myles 
together with the Landes, Townes, Waters, Hilles, and Vallies that 



204 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

are mencioned and sett dowrie with the Scriptures, with the Hebrewe 
and Greeke Names translated into Inglishe, with diverse brief Allegor- 
ies and Spiriluall. The seconde concerneth the newe Testament wherein 
is Declared howe the Virgin Marye, Joseph, The Three Wise Men, 
that came out of the East, our Saviour Jhesus Christ and all the 
Apostles have travailed, collected out of the most credible and worthiest 
wryters, calculated in a geoinetricall proporcion. . . . 

So cited in the Stationers' Register Another edition, 4to, London, 1619; still 
later, 8vo, London, 1636. German original, Magdeburg, 1585. See below. 

1619 BUNTING, HEINRICH. Itinerarium totius Sacrae Scripturae; or the 
Travels of the Holy Patriarchs, Prophets, Judges, Kings, our Saviour 
Christ, and his Apostles, as they are related in the Old and New Tes- 
taments. With Descriptions of the Towns and Places to which they 
travelled. . . . Also a short Treatise of the Weights, Monies and Meas- 
ures mentioned in the Scriptures. . . . Collected out of the works of 
H. Bunting, and done into English (with a preface) by R B. 4to 
London. 

1585 BUNTING, HEINRICH. Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae: das ist, Ein 
Reisebuch uber die ganzte heilige Schrifft, in zwey Biicher getheilet . . . 
Auffs new widerumb iibersehen und vermehret, Sampt angehengten 
Buchlin, 13 e Monetis et mcnsuris . . . Mit einer Vorrede . . . M Chem- 
nitii. 3 Parts. Fol. Magdeburg. 

1600 The Mahumetane or Turkish Historic containing three bookes ; translated 
from the French by R. Carr. 4to, London. 

1603 KNOLLES, RICHARD. The Generall Historic of the Turkes, from the 
first beginning of that Nation to the rising of the Ottoman Familic, 
with all the notable Expeditions of the Christian Princes against them, 
together with the Lives and Conquests of the Ottoman Kings and 
Emperours ; faithfullie collected out of the best Histories, both auntient 
and moderne, and digested into one continual Historic until this pres- 
ent yearo 1603. Fol. London. 

Successive editions as follows: 1610, 1621, 1631, 1638, 1687, and 1700, all 
folios, London, some with continuations. See below, and also Rycaut, under 1666 be- 
low. 

This book long continued to hold high repute, by reason of the fact that it 
was written in excellent prose and opened a new field to the English student. 
Cam. Hist. IV, v. It was lavishly praised by Dr. Johnson in his Rambler No. 122. 
Byron said it was an early favorite of his and that it influenced him greatly in his 
desire to visit the Levant. He admitted that it "gave perhaps the oriental colour- 
ing which is observed in my poetry." 

1631 KNOLLES, RICHARD. The Generall Historic of the Turkes, . . . 
With a new Continuation, from ye yeare of our Lord 1621, vnto the 
yeare 1629, faithfully collected. Numerous portraits. Fol. London. 

1638 KNOLLES, RICHARD. The Generall Historic . . . With a new Contin- 
uation, from the yeare of our Lord 1629 unto the yeare 1638. . . . Fol. 
London. 



NEAR EAST 205 

1687-1700 KNOLLES, RICHARD, and RYCAUT, SIR PAUL. The Turkish 
History, fiom the Original of that Nation to the growth o f ^he Otto- 
man Empire, with the Lives and Conquests of their Princes and Emper- 
ors, by R. Knolles. With a Continuation to 1687, whereunto is added 
the Present State of the Ottoman Empire by Sir P. Rycaut. 2 vols. 
1687. Together with the third \olnrne: Th< History of the Turks, be- 
ginning with the Last Troubles in Hungary, with the sieges of Vienna, 
and Buda, and all the Battles both by Sea and Land, between the 
Christians and the Turks, until the Peace, 1700 3 vols. Pol London. 

1603 TIMBERLAKE, HENRY. A Trvc and straunge Discourse of the Tra- 
uailes of two English Pilgrimes: what Admirable Accidents befell 
them in their Journey towards Jerusalem, Gaza, Grand Cairo, Alexan- 
dria, and other Places. 4to. London. 

By 1629 this work had run through six editions. Further issues followed in 
1631, 1683, 1692, 1744 (Hat I Misc.}, and 1759. This item, together with The Trav- 
els of Fourteen Englishmen (1672), and other matter, printed in one volume, 1683. 
See this date below. 

The two pilgrims were Timberlake himself and John Burrell. 

1608 MUNDAY, ANTHONY. The admirable Deliverance of 266 Christians 

by J. Reynard (i. e., J. Fox), Englishman, from the Turkes. 4to. 
London. 

Pollard cites Munday as the author of this anonymous work. 

1609 BIDDULPH, WILLIAM. The Travels of certaine Englishmen into 

Africa, Asia, Troy, Bythinia, Thracia, and the Blacke Sea, and into 
Syria, Cilicia, Pisidia, Mesopotamia, Damascus, Canaan, Galile, Sam- 
aria, Judea, Palestina . . . to the Red Sea, and to sundry other places. 
Begunne in 1600 and by some of them finished this yeere 1608. Edited 
by Thcoph. La vender, B.L. 4to. London. 

Another edition, 4to, London, 1612, with the change "and by some of them 
finished in the yeere 1611, and others not yet returned." Reprinted in Osborne I, 
761-830, with the statement, ''Begun in the Year of Jubilee, 1600, and by some 
of them finished in the Year 1611 Very profitable for the help of Travellers." 
Here the opening sentence runs, "The Travels of Four Englishmen and a Preach- 
er." This is likewise the opening phrase of the title of the 1612 edition. 

These five travellers were Wm. Biddulph, preacher to the company of Eng- 
lish merchants at Aleppo, Jeffery Kirbie, merchant, John Elkin, gentleman, Ed- 
mond Abbot, merchant, Jasper Tyon, jeweler, all men of learning, "sound judg- 
ment and veracity." The book consists of four letters, two from Constantinople, 
one from Aleppo, and one from Jerusalem. The subject matter is the history, 
antiquities, buildings, voyages, country-side, manners, customs, government, etc., 
of the places visited. 

1611 CARTWRIGHT, JOHN. The Preachers Travels. Wherein is set downe 
a true lournall to the Confines of the East Indies, through the great 
Countreyes of Syria, Mesopotamia, Armenia, Media, Hircania, and 
Parthia. With the Authors returne by the way of Persia . . . and 
Arabia . . . also a true Relation of Sir Anthony Sherley's Entertainment 



206 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

in the Court of the King of Persia. Description of the Port in the 
Persian Gulf commodious for the East-India Merchants of England. 
Rehearsal of some gross absurdities in the Turkish Alcoran. Penned 
by I. C. sometime student in Madgalen Colledge in Oxford. 4to. 
London. 

Reprinted in Osborne I, 709-752. 

This is one of the most interesting and valuable accounts of old English trav- 
els in, the East that we possess. The occasional Christian comments on Moham- 
medan darkness are not accompanied by any prejudices in the narrative, which is 
especially circumstantial concerning the Persian Empire, then very powerful. It 
is not clear why the title runs, "The Preachers Travels," as Cartwright, who 
went to Ispahan, and his companion John Mildenab, who travelled on to Lahore, 
seem to have been merchants. See Collier, Rarest Books in the English Language, 
vol. I. Robins.on, No. 19. 

1615 SANDYS, GEORGE. A Relation of a Journey begun An. Dom. 1610. 
Foure Bookes. Containing a Description of the Turkish Empire, of 
Egypt, of the Holy Land, of the Remote Parts of Italy and Hands 
adioyning. Plates. Fol. London. 

2nd edit., fol., London, 1621 ; other editions 1627, 1632, 1652, 1658, 1670, 1672, 
some with slightly different titles; see below. Translated into Dutch, Amsterdam, 
1653; into German, Frankfurt, 1669; into Latin, London, 1645. See below. 

Sandys was equally well known for his translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses, 
1621-26. He also travelled to Virginia and became treasurer to the Virginia Com- 
pany. 

1670 SANDYS, GEORGE. Travels : containing an History of the Original of 
the Turkish Empire ; their Laws, Government, Policy, Military Force, 
Courts of Justice and Commerce, the Mahometan Religion, and Cere- 
monies ; a Description of Constantinople; the Grand Seignor's Seraglio, 
and his manner of living ; also of Greece, with the Religion and Cus- 
toms of the Grecians of Egypt; the Antiquity, Hieroglyphicks, Rites, 
Customs, Discipline, and Religion of the Egyptians ; a Voyage to the 
River Nilus, of Armenia, Grand Cairo, Rhodes, the Pyramides, Colos- 
sus ; the former flourishing and present State of Alexandria ; a De- 
scription of the Holy Land, . . . Italy described, and the Islands adjoin- 
ing, as Cyprus, Crete, Malta, the Aeolian Islands, of Rome, Venice, 
Naples, . . . and other Places of Note. 50 engraved maps and plates. 
London. 

1653 (In Dutch.) Voyagien behelsende een Historic van de oorspronkelycke 
. . . Standt dc Tirkscn Rijks . . . als mede van Aegypten; d'Antiquiteyt 
. . . Costuymen . . . Religie der Aegyptenaren, enz. (Translated from 
the English by J. Glazemaker.) 4to. Amsterdam. 

1669 (In German.) Reisen, inhaltende : die Historic von dem Stand des Turk- 
ischen Reiches, die Beschreibung von Constantinopel. Zugleich einer 
Reisebeschrcibung des gelobten Landes. . . . Endlich eine Beschreibung 
Italicns. Copperplates. 12mo. Frankfurt. 

1618 HAGA, CORNELIUS. A true Declaration of the Arrival of Cornelius 
Haga, Ambassador for the General States of the United Netherlands 
at Constantinople. . . . Translated from the Dutch. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Hart, Misc., London, 1744. 



NEAR EAST 207 

1628 ROBSON, CHARLES. Newes from Aleppo. A Letter . . . Containing 
many remarkable Occurences observed by him in his Journey hither. 
4to. London. 



1633 MARSH, HENRY. A New Survey of the Turkish Empire and Govern- 
ment . . . with their Laws, Religion and Customs. . . . London. 

Another edition, 12mo, London 1663; followed by a 2nd part, 12mo, London, 
1664. See below. 

1663 MARSH, HENRY. A New Survey of the Turkish Empire and Govern- 

ment, in a brief History deduced to the present Time, with their Laws, 
Religion and Customs, also an Account of the Siege of Neuhausel. Por- 
trait of Mahomet IV, and plate of slaves ploughing. 12mo. London, 

1664 MARSH, HENRY. The Second Part of the New Survey of the Turkish 

Empire, History and Government compleated. Being an Exact and ab- 
solute Discovery of what is worthy of Knowledge, or any way satisfac- 
tory to Curiosity in that mighty Nation. With several Brass Pieces 
lively expressing the most eminent Personages concerned in this subject. 
2 engraved portraits and 2 other plates. 12mo. London. 

The Epistle to the Reader is signed II. M. (Henry Marsh), for 

whom the work was printed. This does not mean, however, that Marsh 
was not the author of the volume. 

1635 BAUDIER, MICHEL. The History of the Imperiall Estate of the Grand 

Seigneurs: Their Habitations, Lives, Titles, Qualities, Exercises, 
Workes, Revenues, Habits, Discent, Ceremonies, Magnificence, Judge- 
ments, Officers, Favourites, Religion, Power, Government and Tyr- 
anny. Translated out of French by E(dward) G(rimstone), S(ergeant 
at) A(rms). 4to. London. 

Bound up with this work is, The History of the Court of the King of China. 
Written in French by the Seigneur Michael Baudier of Languedoc. Translated 
by E. G. French original, Paris, 1626. See below. 

1626 BAUDIER, MICHEL. Histoire generate du serail et de la cour de I'em- 
pereur des Turcs. Paris. 

1636 BLOUNT, HENRY. A Voyage in the Levant, being a brief Relation 

of a Journey from England to Great Cairo, through Venice, Dalmatia, 
Croatia, Slavonia, Bosnia, Hungary, Macedonia, Thessaly, Thrace, the 
Isle of Rhodes, and Egypt; with Observations on the Present State of 
the Turks, and other Subjects of that Empire. 4to. London. 

There were eight editions of this work between 1636 and 1671 ; reprinted in 
Osborne I, 511-552, and in Pinkerton X, 222-27 '1. Translated into German, Hclm- 
stadt, 1687; into Dutch, Leyden, 1707. See below. 

The worth of this work is variously estimated Of little value or authority. 
Lowndcs. The whole is very concise, and without any curious observations, or 
any notable description ; . . . the language mean, and not all of it to be relied upon. 
Churchill, Introduction The voyage at once established Blount's fame as an au- 
thor and traveller. Altogether it occupied over eleven months, he having journied 



208 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

above ftOOO miles. Maggs, No 519. Rlount sailed from Venice for the Levant, May 
7, 1634. The power of the Turkish empire at that period excited tremendous interest 
in the lands and peoples subject to the Sultan. The author was held in high esteem 
by his countrymen for his native talents and good judgment. 

1087 (In German ) Morgenlandischo Rcise dtirch Dalrnatien, Sklavonien, Thra- 
zien und Aegypten ... in welcher die Grundfeste dcs Turkischcn Staates 
genatisichtig untersuchet wird, crstlich von ihm in Knglisch verzeich.net, 
nun aber in die Reine hochteutschc Sprache iibersetzt von G.C.S A.T. 
Nebst einem Bedcnken uber dk'se Betrachtungen, worinnen zngleich 
die Ursachen des jetztigen Unfals dieses machtigen Reiche gesucht wer- 
dcn. 4to. Hclmstadt. 

1707 (In Dutch.) A Dutch version of this work is included in Picter van der 
Aa's Naahcurif/e f'ersamcling der Zee en Land-Rcyscn scdcrt hct jaar 
If>l6 tot lf)31 ' Lcyclen. 

1648 BEND1SH, SIR THOMAS. Newcs from Turkic, or, A True Relation 
of the Passages of the Right honourable Sir Tho. Bendish, Baronet, 
Lord Ambassadour with the Grand Signeur at Constantinople, his 
Entertainment and Reception there. Also a true Discourse of the un- 
just Proceedings of Sir Sackville Crow, former Ambassador, and Sir 
Sackvilles Imprisonment, and in his Returne,his wretched betraying the 
Captain of the Ship, and some English Merchants, at Alicant in Spain, 
to the Inquisition ; Lastly his Comitment to the Tower of London, 
where he now is. 4to. London. 

The tract throws some interesting sidelights on the state of English trade in 
the Near East at that period. Robinson, No. 48. 

1650 FULLER, THOMAS. A Pisgah-Sight of Palestine and the Confines 
thereof, with the History of the Old and New Testament acted thereon. 
Folding maps and plates. Fol. London. 

Another edition, London, 1662. 

A curious book, containing many things relating to Jewish antiquities, and to 
the manners and customs of the People. Bookseller's Note. 

GREAVES, JOHN. Descriptio Chorasmiae et Mawarolnohrae (i. e., re- 
gionum extra Oxum), Arabic! cum versione J. Gravii. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Geographiae veteris Scriptores Graeci Minor es, 1698-1712, Ox- 
ford. Sec Hudson under 1698 below. 

Greaves was a mathematician, oriental traveller, and collector of gems, coins, 
oriental manuscripts, and the author of various scientific works. 

LEO MODENA. The History of the Rites, Customes, and Manner of 
Life, of the Present Jews throughout the World. Written in Italian, by 
Leo Modena, a Rabbine of Venice. Translated into English by Edmund 
Chilmead. 12mo. London. 



NEAR EAST 209 

WITHERS, ROBERT. A Description of the Grand Signer's Seraglio, 
or Turkish Emperour's Court. 12mo. London. 

The title of this -work is almost an exact translation of a French work at- 
tributed to Michel Baudier. See Baudier under 1635 above. 

Withers lived for some years in Turkey, and through the favor of the Eng- 
lish Ambassador he was able to procure admission to the Seraglio. Maggs, No. 
519. 

1651 GREGORII ABUL-PHARAGII. Specimen Historiae Arabum, seu de 
origine et Moribus Narratio; Arab. et. Lat. in Linguam Latinam con- 
versa, et notis ilhistrata, opere Edward Pococke. Oxford. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

1656 MACHIAVEZ, NICOLAS. Political Reflections upon the Government 
of the Turks. The King of Sweden's Descent into Germany . . . 12mo. 
London. 



1661 ABU-ISMAEL. Carmen Tograi, una cum versione Latina et Notis, Op- 
era Edv. Pocockii. Accessit Tractatus de Prosodia Arabica. 12mo. 
Oxford. 

Translated into English, Cambridge, 1758. See below. 

1758 ABU-ISMAEL. The Traveller; an Arabic Poem, intitled Tograi, written 
by Abu-Ismael ; translated into Latin and published with Notes in 1661, 
by Edward Pocock, D.D. Now rendered into English in the same Iambic 
Measure as the Original; with some additional Notes to illustrate the 
Poem, by Leonard Chappelow, B.D. 4to. Cambridge. 

Pococke was an oriental scholar of European fame. He collected 
many eastern manuscripts and edited numerous Hebrew and Arabic texts. 

FINCH, HENEAGE (2nd Earl of Winchelsea). A Narrative of the 
Successe of his Embassy to Turkey. 4to London. 

Finch was Ambassador to Turkey from 1661 to 1669. 

1665 VALLE, PIETRO DELLA. For an account of Arabia Deserta see his 
Travels of Signor Pietro delta Voile, noble Roman, into Bast India, 
under EAST INDIA. 



1666 PALMER, ROGER (Earl of Castlemaine). An Account of the Present 
War between the Venetians and Turks ; with the State of Candia (in 
a Letter to the King, from Venice). Portrait, map and plans. 8vo. 
London. 

The Earl of Castlemaine was a linguist, mathematician and political pamph- 
leteer, who was mixed up in a number of intrigues under Charles II, at Rome, and 
under William III, at home. He was indicted for treason in 1695, but was re- 
leased without trial on condition of sroine overseas. D.N.B. 



210 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

RYCAUT, SIR PAUL. The History of the Present State of the Otto- 
man Empire, containing the Maxims of the Turkish Politic, the most 
material Points of the Mahometan Religion, their Sects and Heresies, 
their Convents and Religious Votaries, their Military Discipline, with 
an exact Computation of their Forces by Land and Sea. Fol. London. 

Subsequent editions in 1668, 1670, 1675, 1680, 1682, 1686, and 1700, all London 
imprints. The last one listed is combined with Knolles, The Turkish History; 
see under Knolles, 1603, above. Translated into French, Rouen, 1677. See below. 

Rycaut, from his long residence and connexion with the Embassy, was well 
qualified to delineate Levantine customs. It is faithful but dull. Dalrymple. This 
work is regarded as one of the best of its kind with respect to the religious and 
military state of Turkey. According to the D.N.B., it long proved a useful com- 
panion to Richard Knolles' History, while the writer's impartiality renders it of 
interest to the modern reader. It was quoted by Gibbon in his account of the rise 
of the Ottomans. The author was secretary to Heneage Finch, Earl of Winchelsea, 
during his embassy at Constantinople, and consul of the Levant Company at Smyr- 
na in 1668. 

1687-1700 RYCAUT, SIR PAUL, and KNOLLES, RICHARD. The Turkish 
History, from the Original of that Nation, to the Growth of the Ot- 
toman Empire : with the Lives and Conquests of their Princes and 
Emperors, with a Continuation to 1687, and an Account of the Present 
State of the Ottoman Empire, 6th edit., 2 vols. ; also The History of 
the Turks beginning with the year 1679, being a full relation of the Last 
Troubles in Hungary, the Sieges of Vienna and Buda, . . . until the End 
of the years 1698 arid 1699, by Sir P. Rycaut; together 3 vols. Fol. 
London. 

1670 A Description of Candia, in its Ancient and Modern State: with an Ac- 
count of the Siege thereof, begun by the Ottoman Emperour, in the 
Year 1666, continued in 1667 and 1668, and surrendered the latter end 
of 1669. The most Part collected from private Letters, during the 
Siege, sent by one in the Services of the Republique (of Venice). . . . 
12mo. London. 



A Relation of the Siege of Candia, etc. See under MILITARY EXPE- 
DITIONS. 



1671 BURBURY, JOHN. Relation of a Journey of the Right Honourable 
My Lord Henry Howard, from London to Vienna, and thence to Con- 
stantinople ; in the Company of his Excellency Count Lesley . . . Coun- 
cellour of State to his Imperial Majesty, . . . and to the Grand Signior, 
Sultan Mahomet Hau the Fourth. Written by John Burbury. 12mo. 
London. 



1672 A Journey to Jerusalem, or, A Relation of the Travels of Fourteen Eng- 
lishmen, in the year 1669, from Scanderoon to Tripoly, Joppa, Ramab, 
Jerusalem, Bethle(he)m, Jeric(h)o, the Dead Sea; and back again to 



NEAR EAST 211 

Aleppo. With an exact Account of all the remarkable Places and 
Things in their Journey. London. 

This work contains remarks on the antiquities, monuments, and memorable 
places mentioned in the Scriptures; on the Jewish nation, the Holy Land, the cap- 
tivities of the Jews, the fate of the Ten Tribes, etc. 

1673 BROWNE, EDWARD. For an account of his travels in northern Greece 

see his Brief Account of Some Travels, under CONTINENTAL 
EUROPE. 

1674 SMITHII, THOMAE. Epistolae de Moribus et Institutis Turcarum ; 

accessit brevis Constantinopoleos Notitia. Oxford. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. See Smith under 1678 below. 

1675 ADDISON, LANCELOT. The Present State of the Jews; wherein is 

contained an Exact Account of their Customs, Secular and Religious 
. . . London. 

3rd edition, 12mo, London, 1682. Relates particularly to those of Barbary. 

1676 GUILLATIERE, M. DE LA. An Account of a late Voyage to Athens; 

containing the Estate, both Ancient and Modern, of that famous City, 
and of the present Empire of the Turks. The Life of the now Sultan 
Mahomet IV; with the Ministry of the Grand Vizier. Also the most 
remarkable Passages in the Turkish Camp at the Siege of Candia. . . . 
By Monsieur de la Guillatiere. Now Englished. 12mo. London. 

This work is dated 1677 by Lowndes. French original, Paris, 1675. 

The aim of the author was to present the popular life of Greece as it was 
lived from day to day, intermixed with numerous anecdotes about the Turks. 
lorga, Les Voyageurs Francois 

1677 The History of the Grand Viziers, Mahomet and Achmet Coprogli, of the 

three last Grand Signors, their Sultans* chief Favourites ; with the most 
sacred Intrigues of the Seraglio. Besides several other particulars of 
the Wars of Dalmatia, Transylvania, Hungary, Candia, and Poland. 
Englished by John Evelyn, Junior. 8vo. London. 

1678 GEORGIRENES (Archbishop of Samos). Description of the State of 

Samos, Nicaria, Pathmos, and Mount Athos by ... now living in 
London; translated from the vulgar Greek (by Henry- Denton). 12mo. 
London. 

This prelate long resided as Archbishop at Samos and saw Nicaria as a de- 
pendance of his diocese, but being weary of that function, he retired to Patmos, 
where he remained for some time. Later he visited Mt. Athos. So that all he de- 
livers of these places is as an eye-witness, and indeed the most particular account 
of them we have . . . The Preface to the Reader, it must be observed, is the 



212 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

SMITH, THOMAS. Remarks upon the Manners, Religion, and Gov- 
ernment of the Turks ; together with a Survey of the Seven Churches 
of Asia as they now lye in their Ruines, and Brief Description of 
Constantinople. 12mo. London. 

This may be a translation or English version of the Latin item cited under 
Smithii, 1674, above. 

WHELER, GEORGE, and SPON, JACOB. A Journey into Greece by 
George Wheler, Esq., in company of Dr. Spon, of Lyons. In Six 
Books. Containing: I. A Voyage from Venice to Constantinople; II. 
An Account of Constantinople and the Adjacent Places; III. A Voy- 
age through Lesser Asia; IV. A Voyage from Zant through several 
Parts of Greece to Athens; V. An Account of Athens; VI. Several 
Journies from Athens into Attica, Corinth, Boeotia, . . . Numerous 
maps and engravings. Fol. London. 

Subsequent editions : London, 1688 ; in Ray's Collection, 1693. Sppn's account 
was published in French, Lyons, 1678. Wheler's work was translated into French, 
Amsterdam, 1689. See below. 

This was the first antiquarian expedition into those parts of which careful 
record has been kept. After the two parted company, Wheler continued his trav- 
els, directing his attention to other matters besides antiquarian, which had been the 
chief pursuit of Spon. 

1689 (In French.) Voyage de Dalmatic, Grece et du Levant, avec la description 
des coutumes, des villes, rivieres, ports de mer, et de ce que s'y trouve 
de plus remarquable. Traduit de 1'anglois (de 1682). 2 vols. 12mo. 
Amsterdam. 

1678 SPON, JACOB. Voyage de Dalmatic, du Grece, et du Levant, fait aux 
annees 1675 et 1676, par Jacob Spon et George Wheler ; avec le portrait 
de 1'Auteur, et plusieurs plans, gravures et medailles. 2 vols. Lyons. 

1683 CAOURSIN, GULIELMUS, and AFENDY, RHODIGA. The History 
of the Turkish War with the Rhodians, Venetians, Egyptians, Persians, 
and other Nations. . . . Written by W. C. . . . and Rhodiga (Khodiga) 
Afendy. 8vo. London. 



GRELOT, WILLIAM JOSEPH. A Late Voyage to Constantinople con- 
taining an exact Description of the Propontis and Hellespont, with the 
Dardanels, and what else is remarkable in those Seas; as also of the 
City of Constantinople, wherein is particularly described the Grand 
Seraglio and Chief Mosquees. Likewise an Account of the Ancient and 
Present State of the Greek Church with the Religion and Manner of 
Worship of the Turks, . . . Illustrated with maps and curious and 
exact Draughts of the Hellespont, Propontis, Seraglio and other chief 
Mosquees, . . . with the Several Postures of the Turks in Prayer Time 
in fourteen copperplates. The Like never done before. Published by 



NEAR EAST 213 

Command of the French King by Monsieur William Joseph Grelot. 
Made English by J. Philips. Engraved frontispiece of Mahomet IVth. 
8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1680. See below. 

Grelot disguised himself as a Turk and thus attired travelled over the greater 
part of the Turkish Empire. He even pretended that he had been in Paris in the 
suite of Mustapha-Aga. Knowing the language of the Turks he was enabled to 
wander about the city of Constantinople as he pleased, to mingle with the inhab- 
itants, and to make sketches of interesting objects. He did not gain admission to 
the Seraglio, for he affirmed that it would cost more than "the Empire of the 
Grand Signior." Anyway it cannot compare with the Tuilleries or Versailles or 
Fontainebleau. By judicious bribing he gained entrance to St. Sophia, of which 
he made sketches. The work has been reckoned to be one of the best books of 
travel. From lorga, Les Voyageurs Francois. 

1680 GRELOT, WILLIAM JOSEPH. Relation nouvelle d'un voyage * Con- 
stantinople, enrichie de plans levcz par I'auteur sur les lieux, et des fig- 
ures de tout ce qu'il a de plus remarquable dans cette ville. 12 plates. 
4to. Paris. 

The original edition was much sought after on account of the ac- 
curate views made on the spot. 

Historical and Political Observations upon the Present State of Turkey; 
describing the Policy, Religion, Manners, Military Discipline of the 
Turks; with an Account of the Battels, Sieges, and other remarkable 
Transactions which have hapned from the beginning of the Ottoman 
Empire to this present Grand Seignior. To which is added, His Life, 
and the material Occurences of his Reign; with the present State of 
Hungary, and the History of these Wars there. 12mo. London. 

This may be an edition of Rycaut. See under 1666 above. 

The History of the Turks from the first Founders to the Year 1683. Por- 
trait of the Sultan. 8vo. London. 

This may likewise be an edition of Rycaut. 

The Present State of the German and Turkish Empires, with Reflections 
thereupon; as also some Reflections on the Interest of the Christian 
Princes ; with Memoirs of the Siege of Vienna, by an eminent Officer 
in that City. With a true Account of the great Success of the Christian 
Forces in taking Barkan, Gran, . . . Also an historical preface of the 
Rise and Growth of the Turkish Empire. London. 

Two Journies to Jerusalem : containing, I. A Strange Account of the Trav- 
els of two English Pilgrims, and what Accidents befel them in their 
Journey to Jerusalem, Grand Cairo, Alexandria, . . . With the Won- 
derful Manner of hatching thousands of Chickens at once in Ovens. II. 
The Travels of fourteen Englishmen in 1669, from Scanderoon to 



214 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Tripoly, Joppa, Ramah, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Jericho, the River Jor- 
dan, the Lake of Sodom and Gommorrah ; and back again to Aleppo. 
... To which is added, A Relation of the great Council of the Jews 
assembled in the plains of Ajayday in Hungary, 1650. By S(amuel) 
B(rett), an Englishman there present. . . . Beautified with Pictures. 
8vo. London. 

Other editions, London, 1684 and 1^92, with the addition: The Delusion of the 
Jews concerning a Messiah in 1668, . . . Collected by R. B. Thomas Hearne cites 
the title, Two Journies to Jerusalem, in a list of "Cheap Books," with the dates, 
1683, 1685, 1692, 1730, 1738, 1759. See Remains of Thomas Hearne, vol. Ill, app. 
viii, 234-5. 

The first part of this work is by Timberlake. See under 1603 above. The sec- 
ond part is cited under 1672 above; the "Council of the Jews" by Samuel Brett; 
and the "Delusion'* by Richard Burton. 

1686 RANDOLPH, BERNARD. The Present State of the Morea, called an- 

ciently Peloponnesus : which hath been near Two Hundred Years under 
the Dominion of the Turks ; and is now very much Depopulated. To- 
gether with a Description of the City of Athens, Islands of Zant, 
Strafades, and Serigo. 4to. London. 

3rd edit., London, 1689. 

The work by Randolph cited under 1687 below, though printed a year later, is 
a companion volume to the above, thus making two volumes. These two volumes 
contain an admirable account of the state of the country about the Aegean Sea, and 
are valuable for the light they throw on the Ottoman Empire in the early stages 
of its decadence. D.N.B., quoted by Sotheran. 

1687 CORONELLI, P. M. An Historical and Geographical Account of the 

Morea, Negropont, and the Maritime Places, as far as Thessalonica. 
. . . Written in Italian by P. M. Coronelli. . . . Englished by R. W. f 
Gent. 42 maps and plates. 12mo. London. 

RANDOLPH, BERNARD. The Present State of the Islands in the 
Archipelago (or Arches), Sea of Constantinople, and Gulph of Smyr- 
na, with the Islands of Candia and Rhodes, with Index of the Longi- 
tude and Latitude of the Places in the New Map of Greece. Map and 
plates. 4to. London. 

THEVENOT, JEAN. The Travels of Monsieur de Thevenot into the 
Levant. In Three Parts. Viz. into I. Turkey. II. Persia. III. The East 
Indies. Newly done out of French. ... 3 vols. in I. Portrait and 
plates. Fol. London. 

The Near East portion of these travels are to be found in Harris II, 790-841. 
See below. French original, Paris, 1674. 

The author was of the same family as Melchizidec Thevenot, who published a 
large collection of Travels, Paris, 1663. The elder Thevenot travelled extensively 
in Europe but printed nothing about his Journies. The younger Thevenot was 



NEAR EAST 215 

equally curious about seeing the sights and travelled much farther afield. He be- 
came particularly fascinated by the Orient through his acquaintance with the fa- 

mous orientalist Herbelot whom he met in Rome. He left this city for the East 
May 1, 1655. As a traveller he was quite free from the prejudices of the day, 
and has left very interesting observations on the mentality of the Turks. He is 
said to have introduced coffee into France. See also under CENTRAL ASIA and 
EAST INDIES. 

1744-48 THEVENOT, JEAN. The Voyages and Travels of the celebrated Mr 
John Thevenot, from Italy to Constantinople, including very curious and 
extraordinary Descriptions of the several Places he touched at in his 
Passage ; a most exact View of Constantinople, at the Time he visited 
it. Interspersed with a great variety of Historical and political Remarks, 
equally instructive and entertaining Extracted from the last Edition 
of the Author's Travels, printed at Amsterdam, 1727. In Harris II, 
790-822. 

1744-48 THEVENOT, JEAN. An Account of several of the most remarkable 
Cities of Asia, of various Islands in the Archipelago, and of Things 
most observable in them, both with respect to their ancient and present 
Condition ; with Remarks Historical, Physical and Geographical. In- 
termixed Accounts from Wheler and Lebrun. In Harris II, 822-841. 

1688 DU VIGNAU, . A New Account of the Present Condition of the 

Turkish Affairs, with the Causes of the Decay of the Ottoman Power. 
Portrait of Soliman III. 12mo. London. 



1689 HELIOGENES DEL EPY. For an account of part of Greece and Tur- 
key see his A Voyage into Tartary, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

OSBORNE, FRANCIS. Reflections on the Government of the Turks, 
... In Works. 8vo. London. 



1693 ALPINUS. Travels in Greece, Asia Minor, ... In Ray's Collection. 
London. 



BELON, PIERRE. Travels in Greece, Asia Minor, ... In Ray's Collec- 
tion. London. 

French original, Paris, 1550. See below. 

Bclon was a French physician and an industrious herbalist who travelled ex- 
tensively in the Near East. He was an accurate observer, and reported faithfully 
on the manners, the government, and particularly the natural history of the coun- 
tries he visited. His remarks have generally been found reliable by subsequent 
travellers. 

1550 BELON, PIERRE DU MANS Les observations de plusieurs singularitez 
et choses memorables, trouvees en Greco, Asie, Judec, E^ypte, Arabic, e. 
a. pays etranges, redigecs, en trois livres. 8vo. Paris. 

The edition published in 4to in 1558 is considered more desirable for 
its two large maps of Lcmnos and Mount Sinai. 



216 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1693 RAUWOLF, LEONHART (Dr.). Itinerary into the Eastern Countries, 

as Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Mesopotamia, . . . translated by Nicholas 
Staphorst. In Ray's Collection II. 

German original, Augsburgh, 1581. See below. 

This account makes up vol. II of John Ray; Travels through the Loiv Coun- 
tries, Germany, Italy, 1738 edition. See Ray under 1673, WEST EUROPE. 

1581 RAUWOLF, LEONHARD. Aigentliche Beschreibung dcr Reise, so er 
yor dieser Zeit gegen Aufgang in die Morgenlander, furnemlich Syr- 
iam, Juclaeam, Arabiam, Mesopotamia!!!, Babyloniam, Assyriam voll- 
bracht. 4to. Augsburgh. 

VENNER, . Travels in Greece, Asia Minor, ... In Ray's Collection. 

I/ondon. 

1694 BUSBECQ, OGIER GHISELIN DE. Travels into Turkey: Containing 

the most accurate Account of the Turks and neighboring Nations, 
Their Manners, Customs, Religion, Superstition, Policy, Riches, Coin, 
. . . Translated from the Latin. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1744; 3rd edit., (translated from the original Latin), 
Glasgow, 1761. Modern editions : 2 vols., London, 1881 ; Oxford, 1927. See be- 
low. Latin original, 1633. The Latin edition contains the Baron's account of his 
embassy to France as well as to Turkey. Earlier editions, Antwerp (the first Let- 
ter), 1581; Paris, 1589 (complete four Letters). 

1881 BUSBECQ, OGIER GHISELIN DE. The Life and Letters of Ogier 
Ghiselin de Busbecq, Seigneur of Bousbecque, Knight, Imperial Am- 
bassador, by C. T. Forster and F. H. Blackburne Danicll. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

This contains a bibliography of the various editions and translations. 

1927 BUSBECQ, OGIER GHISELIN DE. The Turkish Letters of Ogier 
Ghiselin de Busbecq, Imperial Ambassador at Constantinople 1554-1562. 
Newly translated from the Latin of the Elzevir Edition of 1633, by 

Edward Seymour Forster. Illus. and maps. 8vo. Oxford. 

1695-97 HALIFAX, WILLIAM (Rev.). A Relation of a Voyage from Al- 
eppo to Palmyra in Syria; sent by the Rev. Win. Halifax to Dr. Edw. 
Bernard (late) and by him communicated to Dr. Thomas Smith. In 
Philos. Trans, of the Royal Society, XIX, 83-110; 129-160. Edin- 
burgh. 

Reprinted separately, London, 1705; and in Misc Curiosa, London, 1708. See 
below. 

1705 HALIFAX, WILLIAM. Travels to Tadmor (Palmyra). London. 

1708 HALIFAX, WILLIAM (Rev.). A Relation of a Voyage from Aleppo to 
Palmyra in Syria. . . Also an Extract of the Journals of two several 
voyages of the English Merchants of the Factory of Aleppo to Tadmor, 
anciently call'd Palmyra. In Misc Cnriosa, vol. Ill, 84-110, 120-160. 
London. 



NEAR EAST 217 

1696 DU MONT, SIEUR JEAN. A New Voyage to the Levant; containing 

an Account of the most Remarkable Curiosities in Germany, France, 
Malta and Turkey; with Historical Observations relating to the Pres- 
ent arid Ancient State of those Countries. Done into English, and 
adorn'd with Figures. L,ondon. 

Another edition, London, 1702; 4th edit, London, 1705. French original, the 
Hague, 1699. See below. 

I)u Mont was present at the reception of the new French Ambassador Chat- 
eaimeiif, and witnessed the formal entrance of the Sultan His account is richer 

in historical details of the day than in the relics of antiquity. lorga, Les Voy- 
agcurs J : ranfais. 

1699 DU MONT, SIEUR JEAN. Voyage de M. Du Mont en France, en Italic, 
en Allemagne, a Malthe et en Turquie, con tenant les recherches et 
observations curieuses qu'il a faites en tous ces pais, tant sur les 
moeurs, les coutumes dcs peuples, leur diffcrens gouvernements et 
leurs religions, que sur 1'histoire ancienne et modernc, la philosophic 
aricienne ct moderne, la philosophic et les monuments antiques. 4 vols. 
12mo. The Hague. 

SELLER, ABRAHAM. The Antiquities of Palmyra; containing the 
History of the City and its Emperors, from its Foundation to the 
present Time ; with an Appendix, of critical Observations on the Man- 
ners, Religion, and Government of the Country, and a Commentary on 
the Inscriptions lately found there. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., 8vo, London, 1706. 

Far outdoing this work in thoroughness and importance is that of Robert 
Wood. See his Ruins of Palmyra under 1753 below. 

1697 POTTER, JOHN. Archaeologiae Graecae, or the Antiquities of Greece. 

Plates. 8vo. London. 

A 2nd vol. appeared, London, 1698. Another edition, 2 vols , London, 1764. 

The work deals with the invention and different sorts of ships, marriage 
ceremonies, etc. The author became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1737; he was 
the editor of several Greek texts. 

1698 DANDINI, GIROLAMO. A Voyage to Mount Libanus ; wherein is an 

Account of the Customs, Manners, ... of the Turks. Also a Descrip- 
tion of Candia, Nicosia, Tripoly, Alexandretta, . . . with curious Re- 
marks upon several Passages relating to the Turks and Maronites. 
Written originally in Italian. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Osborne I, 831-873; in Pinkerton X, 272-304. Italian original, 
Cesana, 1656. Sec below. 

The author was teaching philosophy at Perugia when he received word that 
he had been appointed (1586) papal nuncio by Clement VIII to the sect of Mar- 
onites living in the Mount Lebanon region of Syria. He was to investigate the 
charges of errors in belief and dogma attributed to them and to determine who 
should be sent to the college at Rome and what employment could be found for 
these on their return. Pinkerton regards the account of the Maronites to be the 
only valuable portion of the book. 

1656 DANDINI, GIROLAMO. Missione apostolica al Patriarca a Maroniti 
del Monte Libano. Cesana. 



218 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1698 HUDSON, JOHN. Descriptio Peninsulae Arabiae. Printed with De- 

scriptio Chorasmiae, in vol. III. of Geographiae veteris Scriptores 
Gracci Minores. 8vo. Oxford. 

Hudson was a classical scholar and editor of several Greek texts. He be- 
came Bodleian librarian in 1701. The editing of the Geographiae took him until 

1712 to complete. See the same under GEOGRAPHY. See also Greaves, under 
1650 above. 

1699 ROBERTS, . Adventures among the Corsairs of the Levant ; his Ac- 

count of their Way of Living; Description of the Archipelago Islands, 
Taking of Scio, . . . Maps and draughts. In Hacke's Collection. 

1701 SAVAGE, JOHN. The Turkish History, abridged from Knolles and 
Rycault. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

See Rycaut unnder 1666 above. 

VERYARD, ELLIS (M.D.). An Account of divers Choice Remarks, as 
well Geographical as Historical, Political, Mathematical, Physical and 
Moral ; Taken in a Journey through the Low-Countries, France, Italy, 
and Part of Spain ; with the Isles of Sicily and Malta. As also, A 
Voyage to the Levant : A Description of Candia, Egypt, the Red-Sea, 
the Deserts of Arabia, Mount-Horeb, and Mount-Sinai ; the Coasts of 
Palestine, Syria, and Asia-Minor ; the Hellespont, Propontis, and Con- 
stantinople ; the Isles of the Carpathian, Egean, and Ionian Seas. 
Wherein, Their present State, Interest, Customs, Manners, and Relig- 
ion ; their Learning and Learned Men ; with the most celebrated Pieces 
of Sculpture, Painting, . . . are more accurately set forth, than hath 
hitherto been done. With an Account of divers Sorts of Shell-like 
Bodies found at great Distances from the Seas ; with Remarks thereon, 
in a Way to discover their Original. And what else occurr'd Remark- 
able in Thirteen Years Travels. Illustrated with divers figures. Fol. 
London. 



1702 LE BRUN, CORNEILLE. A Voyage to the Levant, translated out of 
French into English by W. J. Map and plates. Fol. London. 

Later editions: 3 vols., London, 1720, where it is combined with his travels 
in Moscovy, Persia, and the East Indies; 2 vols., fol., London, 1737. French 
original, Delft, 1700. See below. 

The name of the author is also spelled Le Bruyn and Lebrun. His book is 
said to be one of the best illustrated works on the Levant; although Dalrymple, a 
traveller to the East in the late eighteenth century, denies that the views are ac- 
curate representations. The illustrators were two painters, one a Fleming, the 
other an Italian. These travels were begun in 1674. 

1720 LE BRUYN, CORNEILLE. Voyage to the Levant and Travels into 
Moscovy, Persia, and the East Indies. Numerous plates. 3 vol*. 
London. 



NEAR EAST 219 

1700 LE BRUN, CORNEILLE. Voyage au Levant, c'est a dire dans les 
principaux endroits de 1'Asie mineurc, dans les Isles de Chio, de 
Rhodes, de Chypre, . . . de meme que dans les plus considerables villes 
d'Egypte, de Syrie et dc la Terre Sainte Numerous plates. Fol. 
Delft 

This French version is a translation from the Dutch. It bears the 
name of Lcbrun. 



1703 MAUNDRELL, HENRY. A Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, at 

Easter, 1697, with Appendix. Plates. 8vo. Oxford. 

3rd edit., with additions, 8vo, Oxford, 1714; again in 1721, 1732, 1740, 1749, 
Oxford; in Harris II, 841-861, and in Pinkerton X, 305-385. Translated into 
French, Utrecht, 1705, and into German and Dutch. See below. It was noticed 
in the Journal des Scai*ans t 1706, I, 306. 

Bishop Newton observes of the work and its author, "whom it is a pleasure 
to quote as well as to read, and whose Journal from Aleppo to Jerusalem, though 
a little book, is yet worth a folio, and is so accurately and ingeniously written, that 
it might serve as a model for all writers of travels." Quoted by Maggs, No. 505. 
The antiquarian Hearne (Remains II, 59) refers to it as "a very gx>od book, 
written in a good plain style, which shews the author to have been a clear-headed, 
rational man, and a very good scholar." Maundrell was so eager to travel that 
he seized the opportunity to become chaplain to the English Factory at Aleppo. 
He set out from that city with fourteen other English gentlemen, Feb. 26, 1697, 
to visit the Holy Land at the coming Easter, the ceremonies of which greatly 
interested him. 

1714 MAUNDRELL, HENRY. A Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, at 
Easter, 1697. Third edition, with an Account of the Author's Journey 
to the Banks of the Euphrates at Beer, and to the Country of Mesopo- 
tamia. Folding plates and other illustrations. 8vo. London 

1744-48 MAUNDRELL. HENRY. A Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, 
containing a curious and accurate Description of the Holy Land and 
City, interspersed throughout with a Great Variety as well of Phil- 
ology, Physics, and Philosophy ; as Historical and Critical Remarks. In 
Harris II, 841-861. 

1705 (In French.) Voyage d'Alep a Jerusalem (1697) par Henry Maundrell, 
Membrc du College d'Exetcr et Chapclin de la Facture Anglois a 
Alcp. Traduit de 1'Angloib. 12mo. Utrecht. 

1704 PITTS, JOSEPH. For a description of Mecca, Medina and Mahomet's 

Tomb, see his A Faithful Account of the Rdiyion and Manners of the 
Mahometans, under AFRICA. 



1707 DANIEL, SAMUEL. A Voyage to the Levant, giving an Account of 
each Place, their Inhabitants, Language, Coins, Weights and Measures ; 
their Provisions and Prices, ... In the Monthly Misc., or Memoirs for 
the Curious, May, 1707, London. 



220 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1708-1718 OCKLEY, SIMON. The Conquest of Syria, Persia, and Egypt, 
by the Saracens. 2 vols, London. 

3rd edit., Cambridge, 1757. Translated into French, Paris, 1748. See below. 

The author was an orientalist and professor of Arabic at Cambridge. This 
history was the main source of the general notions of Mohammedan activities for 
generations. D. N. B. 

1757 OCKLEY, SIMON. The Conquest of Syria, Persia, and Egypt by the 
Saracens. To which is prefixed, An Account of the Arabians or Sara- 
cens, of the Life of Mahomet and the Mahometan Religion, by Dr. 
Long; with a plan of the Ca'aba or Temple of Mecca, from a MS. in 
the Bodleian Library. 2 vols. 8vo. Cambridge. 

1748 (In French.) Histoire des Sarrazins et de lours Conquetes sous les cmze 
premiers Califs, par Fr. Jault. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

1709 HILL, AARON. A Full and Just Account of the Present State of the 
Ottoman Empire in all its Branches of the Government, Policy, Relig- 
ion, Customs and Way of Living of the Turks in General ; faithfully 
related from serious Observations taken in many years' Travels 
through those Countries. Portrait and plates. Pol. London. 

Another edition, London, 1733. Noticed in the Journal dcs Scavans, 1710, I, 
548. 

This poet and dramati s st was also a traveller. He is better known for Pope's 
attacks on him and his counter-attacks, and the rather unusual amicable relationship 
existing between them later. 

1714 RELAND, HADRIAN. Palaestina ex monumentis veteribus illustrata. 
Maps and plates. 2 vols. 8vo. London (?). 

The same work is also cited as having been printed at Utrecht, 1714. 

1718 D'ARVIEUX LAURENT (Chevalier). Travels in Arabia the Desart; 
written by Himself, and Published by Mr. De la Roque : Giving a 
very accurate and entertaining Account of the Religion, Rights, Cus- 
toms, Diversions, ... of the Bedouins, or Arabian Scenites. Under- 
taken by Order of the late French King. To which is added, A Gen- 
eral Description of Arabia, by Sultan Ishmael Abulfeda, translated 
from the best MSS. ; with Notes. Done into English by an Eminent 
Hand. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1723; again, 12mo, London, 1732. French original, Paris, 
1717. See below. 

At the commencement of these travels in 1653, the author was not more than 
eighteen years old. He was subsequently charged with missions to the Porte and 
appointed consul to Aleppo, Tripoli, and other places in the Orient. -According to 
lorga, he gives a good description of Adrianople and Constantinople, of the Turk- 
ish army when engaged in warfare against Poland, and of the Sultan Mo- 
hammed, then thirty-three years old, towering high amid his jannisaries and spahis, 
with "his dark, very large eyes almost darting from his head." His residence in 
Barbary and among the Bedouin Arabs enabled him to give a reliable account of 
those regions and peoples. Dalrymple, however, with his usual depreciation, char- 
acterises his work as "multifarious and amusing but not infallible." 



NEAR EAST 221 

1718 D'ARVIEUX, LAURENT (Chevalier). Voyage fait par ordre du roy 
Louis XIV. dans la Palestine, vers le grand emir, chef des princes 
Arabes du Desert. . . . Avec la description generate de 1'Arabie, faite 
par le Sultan Ismael Abulfeda, traduitc en Francois avec des notes. 
Par Monsieur D. L. R. (De la Roque). 12mo. Paris. 

TOURNEFORT, JOSEPH PITTON DE. A Voyage into the Levant: 
the State of the Islands, Constantinople, Armenia, Georgia, the Fron- 
tiers of Persia, . . . Numerous maps and engravings of views, costumes, 
plants, etc. With "Life by Lauthier. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

Another edition in 3 vols., 8vo, London, 1741. French original, Paris, 1717. 
See below. 

Dalrymple discounts the praise given to this work with the remark, "His 
botanical discoveries and researches are justly commended, but the other descrip- 
tions are a mere collection from his predecessors." Tournefort's objectives are 
set forth in his opening sentence : "The Count de Pontchartrain, Secretary of 
State, to whose care the Academies are committed, and who is ever intent upon 
promoting the Sciences, moved his Majesty, towards the end of the year 1699, 
to send abroad into foreign Countries some Persons that were capable of making 
pertinent Observations, not only upon the Natural History, old and new Geography, 
of those parts, but likewise in relation to the Commerce, Religion, Manners of the 
different people inhabiting those." He took with him a physician and a painter, 
Aubrict, to enrich the collections of the king and those of the Academy. His rigid 
determination to stick closely to his scientific aims prevented him from noting many 
things that a more naive traveller would have described. 

1717 TOURNEFORT, JOSFPH PITTON DR. Relation d'un voyage du Le- 
vant fait par ordrc du Roy: contenant I'histoire ancicnne et moderne 
dc plusieurs Isles de 1'Archipel, de Constantinople, des Cotes de la Mer 
Noire, de I'Armenic, de la Georgia, des Frontieres des Perse et de 
1' Armenia, de la 1'Asie Mincure, avec les Moeurs, le Commerce et la 
Religion des differcns Peuples. Numerous illustrations, views, costumes, 
characters, and natural history, plans, etc. 2 vols. 4to. Paris. 

1719 The History of the Turks. Maps and portraits. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 

1721-25 MONTFAUCON, BERNARD DE. Antiquity explained, and repre- 
sented in Sculptures. Translated into English by D. Humphreys. 5 vols. 
Supplement, 5 vols. 4to. London. 

French original, Paris, 1719-1724. See below. 

1719-1724 MONTFAUCON, BERNARD DE. L'Antiquitc expliquee et repre- 
sentee en Figures. Plates. 15 vols. Fol. Paris. 

1725 MOTRAYE, AUBRY DE LA. For an account of Turkey, Greece 
Crimea, Noghai Tartary, Circassia, see his Travels through Europe, 
Asia, and into Part of Africa, under GENERAL TRAVELS AND 
DESCRIPTIONS. 

Motraye's close association with the unfortunate Charles XII of Sweden, 
whom he met in 1714 at Bender, makes him an authority of the first rank on the 
Scandinavian king's sojourn in Turkey. The life of the miserable king of Hun- 
gary, Tokoly, whom Motraye sought out in Nicomedia, could be rewritten with 
the aid of this tireless reciter's account. Besides he was a good witness of all 
that went on in Turkish society at Constantinople and elsewhere. From lorga, 
Lcs Voyagcurs Pranfais. 



222 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

SAINT-MAURE, C. DE. A New Journey through Greece, Egypt, Pal- 
estine, Italy, 1721-23, ... by a French Officer. Translated from the 
French. 8vo. London. 



1726 LA ROQUE, JEAN DE. A Voyage to Arabia the Happy, by the East- 
ern Ocean and the Streights of the Red Sea, performed by the French 
for the first Time, 1708-1710, with a Journey from Moka to the King 
of Yemen, 1711-13; also an Account of the Coffee-Tree, with an His- 
torical Treatise of Coffee. Map and 3 folding copperplates of the 
coffee-plant. 12mo. London. 

Other editions: 8vo, London, 1732; 8vo, London, 1742, with added matter. 
French original, Paris, 1715. See below. 

The travels are particularly full respecting the history of coffee in Asia and 
Europe. Lowndes. 

1742 LA ROQUE, JEAN DE. A Voyage to Arabia Felix. ... To which is 
added, An Account of the Captivity of Sir Henry Middleton at Mokha 
by the Turks, in 1612. 8vo. London. 

1715 LA ROQUE, JEAN DE. Voyage de 1'Arabe heureuse par 1'Ocean Orien- 
tal, et le Detroit de la Mer Rouge, 1708-1710. Avec la relation d'un 
voyage fait du Post de Moka a la cour de roy d'Y&nen 1711-13. Un 
Memoire concernant 1'arbre et le fruit du Cafe. 3 plates and 1 map. 
Paris. 

Quaritch gives the date as 1716. There was another French edition 
printed at Amsterdam in 1716. 

1729 GYLLIUS, PETRUS. The Antiquities of Constantinople. With a De- 
scription of its Situation, the Conveniences of its Port, its Public 
Buildings, the Statuary, Sculpture, Architecture, and other Curiosities 
of that City. With Cuts explaining the chief of them. In Four Books. 
Written originally in Latin by Petrus Gyllius, a Byzantine Historian. 
Now translated into English, and enlarged with an antient Description 
of the Wards of that City, as they stood in the Reigns of Arcadius and 
Honorius. With Pancirolus's Notes thereupon. To which is added, 
A Very curious Passage of Nicelas Choniat, relating to the Statues of 
that City, which were demolished by the Latins, when they took Con- 
stantinople, taken out of a MS. in the Bodleian Library; and an ex- 
planatory Index. 8vo. London. 

Latin original, Lyons, 1561. See below. 

The translator was John Ball, formerly of Christ Church College, Ox- 
ford. Gyllius was a French physician said to have been commissioned by Francis 
I to collect manuscripts at Constantinople early in the sixteenth century. He com- 
piled during his residence there two treatises on antiquities, Topographia Con- 
stantinopoleos and De Phosophora, chiefly collected from a poem by Dionysius of 
Byzantium. Dalrymple. "This book is beautifully adorned with cuts of the Build- 
ings, the Statuary, and Sculpture of that City. The whole impression being near 
disposed of, the remainder may be had, ... at the Oxford Arms in Warwick 
Lane." Evening Post, Aug. 16, 1729. Quoted by Nichols, Literary Anecdotes. 
Gyllius may well be counted among the representative spirits of the Renaissance at 



NEAR EAST 223 

that epoch. He has given us the first circumstantial account of the antiquities of 
Constantinople and may be considered the founder of Byzantine archaeology. From 
lorga, Les Voyageurs Francois. 

1561 GYLLIUS, PETRUS. De topographia Constantinopoleos et de illius 
antiquitatibus. Lyons. 

1732 BAUMGARTEN, MARTIN. The Travels of Martin Baumgarten, a No- 
bleman of Germany, Through Egypt, Arabia, Palestine, and Syria. In 
3 Books. Giving an Account of the Situation, Nature, Monuments 
and Ruins of those Countries ; and of the Islands, Cities and Temples 
therein; of their Manners and Customs; of the Rise, Increase, and 
Actions of some foreign Princes; And of the Properties of several 
Animals, with other added things. In Churchill I, 382-452. 

Reprinted in Moore II. A Latin version, Nuremberg, 1594. See below. 
The knight died in 1532, aged 62 years. The account of his travels was com- 
piled from his diary and that of his servant. 

1594 BAUMGARTEN, MARTIN. Peregrinatio in Aegyptum, Arabiam, Palaes- 
tinam et Syriam, . . . Nuremberg. 

ROLAMB, NICHOLAS. A Relation of a Journey to Constantinople; 
giving an Account of divers Occurrences ; . . . being a Report made 
to the most Potent Prince Charles Gustavus, King of the Swedes, 
Goths, and Vandals, by ... Nicholas Rolamb, formerly Envoy Extra- 
ordinary to the Ottoman Porte. Translated from a Copy printed in 
Swedish at Stockholm. In Churchill V, 669-716. 

The author, a Swedish nobleman, was sent to Constantinople to remove the 
fears of the Porte over the Swedish successes in Poland. 

1734 CANTEMIR, D. The History of the Growth and Decay of the Othman 
Empire, Portraits. Fol. London. 

This was a translation into English by N. Tindal. Bookseller's Note. 

1736 GREEN, J. A Journey from Aleppo to Damascus in 1725; with a De- 
scription of those two Capital Cities, and the neighboring Parts of 
Syria. Engraved map. 8vo. London. 

Pinkerton XVII lists an anonymous work of the same date and title with 
the addition : To which is added, An Account of the Maronites inhabiting Mount- 
Lebanon. 

1738 SHAW, THOMAS. For his travels in the Levant see his Travels, or Ob- 
servations relating to several Parts of Barbary, under AFRICA. 



226 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1751 DALTON, RICHARD. Antiquities and Views in Greece and Egypt, 
with the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants, from Drawings 
made on the Spot, A.D., 1749. 52 plates. Fol. London. 

This is a series of engravings representing views of places, buildings, antiqui- 
ties, etc., in Sicily, Greece, Asia Minor, and Egypt. Dalton was a draughtsman, 
engraver and librarian, and keeper of pictures and antiquities to George III. He 
accompanied Lord Charlemont to Greece in 1749, where he made several drawings 
of Athenian antiquities. They are said to possess little value, however, either 
for art or archeology. See also Dalton under dates 1781 and 1790, AFRICA. 

1751-58 CLAYTON, ROBERT (Bishop of Clogher). Journal of a Voyage 
from Grand Cairo to Mount Sinai and Back: translated from a Man- 
uscript written by the Prefetto of Egypt with Remarks on the Origin 
of Hieroglyphics. 2 plates. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit, corrected, 4to, London, 1753. Reprinted in Pinkerton X, 386-405. 
Translated into German, Hanover, 1754; into French, Amsterdam, 1759. See below. 

To the Society of Antiquaries, to whom this work was inscribed, Bishop Clay- 
ton observes, "that as the Journal particularly describes many places in the Wil- 
derness, where great numbers of antient characters are hewn in the rocks; if a 
person was sent to live some time among the Arabs, he might get copies of the 
characters, and some help, by which the antient Hebrew characters, now lost, may 
be recovered." These characters, which were cut in the solid rock twelve and 
fourteen feet high, were examined by Wortley Montagu in 1765, and appeared 
to be nothing more than the work of Christian converts, pilgrims to Mount Sinai. 
Niebuhr declared them to be only the names of persons that had passed that way. 
From Nichols II, Literary Anecdotes 

1808-1814 CLAYTON, ROBERT (Bishop of Clogher). A Journal from the 
Grand Cairo to Mt. Sinai and back again in Company with some Mission- 
aries de propoganda fide at Grand Cairo. Translated from a MS. by the 
Prefetto of Egypt by Right Rev. Robert Clayton, Bishop of Clogher. 
(The MS. was mentioned by Richard Pococke in his Travels through 
the East; see 1743-45 above.) In Pinkerton X, 386-405. 

The Prefetto set out from Cairo Sept. 1, 1722. 

1754 (In German.) Tage-Reisen von Gross-Kairo nach dem Berge Sinai und 
wieder zuriick. Aus einer Handschrift des Prafektus dcr Franciskaner 
in Egipten. Mit Anmerkungen uber den Ursprung der Hieroglifen und 
Mythologie der alten Heiden, . . . von . . . R. C. 8vo. Hanover. 

1759 (In French.) Journal d'un voyage du Grand Cairo au mont Sinai, et re- 
tour, en 1722, par un envoye du prefet d'Egypte : copie d'un MS. con- 
tenant en outre des rcmarques sur 1'origine des Hieroglyphes et des 
notions fabuleuses des anciens peuples, traduit de F Anglais de (Robert) 
Clayton, par J. J. Dusterhopp, en Hollandais. 8vo. Amsterdam. 

1753 FALCONER, DAVID. A Journey from Joppa to Jerusalem in May, 
1751. 4to. London. 

An amusing narrative. Lowndes. 

Letters from Several Parts of Europe and the East, written in the years 
1750, ... on the Productions of Nature, the Monuments of Art, and 
the manners of the Inhabitants. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



NEAR EAST 225 

et generalement sur toutes les curiosites de la nature et de Tart qui s'y 
trouvent ; traduits de TAnglais sur seconde edition, par une societe de 

gens de lettres (rediges par De la Flotte, ou Ant. Eidous). 7 vols. 
12mo. Paris. 

1776-1786 (In Dutch.) Beschryving van het Oosten, en van eenige andere Lan- 
den. 3 deelen in 6 stukken. Uit het Engelsch overgezet en met aante- 
kingen voorzien door E. W. Cramer. Maps and plates. 4to. Utrecht. 

1744 THOMPSON, CHARLES. For his observations on the Near East see 
his Travels, containing his Observations on France, Italy, Turkey, etc., 
under GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 



1745 A General Account of the Turkish Empire. In Osborne I, 502-510. 

This is probably by the editor of this collection. It is used as an introduction 
to the voyages to the Near East which follow in this volume. 

USHER, JAMES (Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland). A 
Geographical and Historical Disquisition touching the Asia properly so 
called, the Lydian Asia (which is the Asia so often mentioned in the 
New Testament), the Proconsular Asia, and the Asian Diocese. In 
Osborne I, 490-500. 

This deals largely with Roman Asia, with a few remarks on the modern state 
of this part of the continent. 

1745-47 ABU 'LFEDA. A Description of the Sea of Kolzum commonly called 
the Arabic Gulf, or Red Sea: from Abu 'Ifeda's Geography. In Ast- 

ley I, 130-132. 

Abu wrote this geography in 1321. It consists of Tables of the Longitude and 
Latitude of places (in imitation of Ptolemy), with their descriptions under the 
title of Takwim al Boldan. Part of the Tables were published in Thevenot's Col- 
lection ; part with Latin translation by Dr. Greaves in 1650 (see this date above) ; 
and more in Hudson's Lesser Geographers in 1612 (see under GEOGRAPHY). 

1747 CHISHULL, EDMUND. Travels in Turkey and Return back to Eng- 
land. Fol. London. 

The author, who had antiquarian interests, was chaplain to the Factory of 
the Worshipful Turkey Company at Smyrna, 1698-1702. During his residence at 
Smyrna he made various expeditions in Asia Minor and Turkey, which make up 
the matter of the above volume. His account is said to have been of value to later 
explorers in those regions. 

1750 VENUTI, DON MARCELLO DI. A Description of the first Discover- 
ies of the ancient City of Heraclea, translated from the Italian by 
Wickes Skurray. 8vo. London. 



224 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1739 CAMPBELL, JOHN. For travels in the Orient see his The Travels and 

Adventures of Edward Brown, under GENERAL TRAVELS AND 

DESCRIPTIONS. 

1740 ROE, SIR THOMAS. The Negotiations of Sir Thomas Roe, in his 

Embassy to the Ottoman Porte, from the years 1621 to 1628 inclusive; 
Containing a great Variety of curious and important matters relating 
not only to the Affairs of the Turkish Empire, but also to those of the 
other States of Europe, in that Period. Portrait. Fol. London. 

This was printed by Samuel Richardson, the novelist, with a special dedica- 
tory epistle by him to the King. Maggs, No. 521. See also Rice, English Trav- 
elers in Greece, for an account of the Arundel Marbles. 

1743 PERRY, CHARLES (M. D.). A View of the Levant: particularly of 
Constantinople, Syria, Egypt and Greece, in which their Antiquities, 
Government, Politics, Maxims, Manners and Customs (with many 
other Circumstances and Contingencies), are attempted to be described 
and treated on. Numerous plates and map. Fol. London. 

Another edition, 3 vols., London, 1773. 

This work, which has been twice translated into German, is much less known 
than it deserves to be. Lowndes. It is curious that no French translation was ever 
made. 

1743_45 POCOCKE, RICHARD. Description of the East, and some other 
Countries: Egypt, Palestine, Mesopotamia, Cyprus, Candia, Greece, 
Asia Minor, ... 178 large plates of views, plans, details, plants, etc. 2 
vols. Fol. London, 

2nd edit., London, 1771 ; reprinted entire in Pinkerton X, 406-770, and XV, 
163-402. Translated into German, Erlangen, 1754-55; into French, Paris, 1772-73; 
into Dutch, Utrecht, 1776-1786. See below. 

Pococke was a great traveller and visited many other places 'besides the East. 
He toured the British Isles as well, but his account of these journics was not pub- 
lished until 1888-1891. He visited Egypt in 1737-38, ascending the Nile as far as 
Philae, and then passed into Palestine and the other places mentioned above, in 
1738-1740. The work attained great celebrity. Hallam regarded Pococke as the 
equal of any oriental scholar. Gibbon (Decline and Fall LI, note 60) described his 
book as of "superior learning and dignity," though he objected to the confusion 
between what the author saw and what he heard. He became bishop of Ossory 
in 1765. 

1754-55 (In German.) Beschrcibung des Morgcnlandes und einiger andern 
Lander, iibersetzt von (Christ. Ernst von) Windheim Plates. 3 vols. 
4to. Erlangen. 

1772-73 (In French.) Voyages dans 1'Egypte, 1'Arabie, la Palestine, la Syrie, 
la Grece, la Thrace, . . . cpntenant une description exacte de 1'Orient 
et de plusieurs autres contrees : comme la France, 1'Italie, I'Allemagne, 
la Pologne, la Hongrie, . . ct des observations interessantes sur les 
mocurs, la religion, les lois, le gouvernement, les arts, les sciences, le 
commerce, la geographic et Thistoire naturelle et civile de chaque pays, 



NEAR EAST 227 

WOOD, ROBERT. The Ruins of Palmyra, otherwise Tadmor, in the 
Desert. 57 large engraved plates of architecture and inner decorations, 
and large panoramic view, by P. Fourdrinier and T. M. Miiller, after 
G. B. Borra. Fol. London. 

No new edition of this work was published until 1827. There was a French 
translation printed in 1753. 

"The beautiful editions of Baalbec and Palmyra, illustrated by the classic 
pen of Robert Wood, supply a nobler and more lasting monument, and will sur- 
vive those august remains." Horace Walpole's inscription on Wood's monument, 
quoted by Sotheran. Wood was a member of the Society of Dilettanti, which 
took a great interest in the progress of the work and its publication. He and 
Dawkins set out on their journey of exploration through the western portion of 
Asia Minor in 1750. His exact measurements of the ruined columns, arcades, 
architraves, and other details of classic architecture at Palmyra provided his 
countrymen at home with examples of a purer Hellenic style than they had hith- 
erto obtained through Roman copies. 

1754 DRUMMOND, ALEXANDER. Travels through different Cities of Ger- 
many, Italy, Greece, and several parts of Asia as far as the Banks of 
the Euphrates. 34 maps and curious copperplates. Fol. London. 

The illustrations include three large folding maps of Cyprus, part of Syria 
and Aleppo to the Euphrates, and a large folding view of the city and Castle of 

Aleppo. The author was consul at Aleppo, 1754-56. 



1756 RUSSELL, ALEXANDER (F.R.S.)- The Natural History of Aleppo, 

and Parts adjacent, with the Climate, Inhabitants, and Diseases, par- 
ticularly the Plague, with Methods used by Europeans for their Pres- 
ervation. Folding and other copperplates of Eastern customs, natural 
history, etc. 4to. London. 

2nd edit, (considered the best), London, 1794. See below. 

Russell was physician to the English Factory at Aleppo, and afterwards phy- 
sician to St. Thomas's Hospital. This work, which has been described as "one 
of the most complete pictures of Eastern manners extant," was reviewed by Dr. 
Johnson in the Literary Magazine, and was translated into German by Gronovius. 
D. N. B, Speaking of the Arabian Nights, the author says, "It is a scarce book 
at Aleppo, I found only two volumes, containing two hundred and eighty nights, 
and with difficulty obtained liberty to have a copy taken/' Quoted by Sotheran. 
For a description of Russell, see Fanny Burney, Early Diary, for April 3, 1775. 

1794 RUSSELL, ALEXANDER. The Natural History of Aleppo, ... by 
Patrick Russell, the Author's half-brother, with the same illustrations, 
also a folding plate of Aleppo and two other plates. 4to. 2 vols. Lon- 
don. 

1757 ELIOT, - (Captain). Directions for passing over the Little Desart, 

from Busserah, by way of Bagdad, Orsa and Aleppo. 12mo. London. 

This is appended to Plaisted's work listed just below. Probably it should 
read the Great Desart instead of the Little Desart. 



228 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

PLAISTED, BARTHOLOMEW. Journal from Calcutta, by Sea, to 
Busserah, from thence Across the Great Desart to England in 1750. 
Map of Bengal. 12mo. London. 

See the same under EAST INDIES, for further details and editions. 

WOOD, ROBERT. The Ruins of Balbec, otherwise Heliopolis in Coelo- 
Syria; taken from Botra, Bouverie, and Dawkins. 46 plates. Fol. 
London. 

See Wood under 1753 above. 

1758 MARIGNY, DE (Abbe). The History of the Arabians under the 

Government of the Caliphs, from Mahomet, their Founder, to the 
Death of Mostazem, the Fifty-sixth and last Abassian Caliph, trans- 
lated from the French, with Additional Notes by Nugent. 4 vols. 
8vo. London. 

French original, Paris (?), 1750. See below. 

1750 MARIGNY, DE (Abbe). Histoire des Arabes sous le Gouvernemcnt 

des Califes, ... 4 vols. 8vo. Paris (?). 

1758 Travels in Egypt, Turkey, Syria, and the Holy-Land by an English Mer- 

chant ; with Notes by a Gentleman of Oxford. 8vo. London. 

1759 EGMONT, J. AEGIDIUS VAN, and HEYMANN, JOHN. Travels 

through Part of Europe, Asia Minor, the Islands of the Archipelago; 
Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Mount Sinai, . . . Giving a particular Account 
of the Most remarkable Places, Structures, Ruins, Inscriptions, . . . 
in these Countries. Together with the Customs, Manners, Religion, 
Trade, Commerce, Tempers, and Manners of Living of the Inhab- 
itants. By the Honourable J. Aegidius van Egmont, Envoy Extraor- 
dinary from the United Provinces to the Court of Naples; and John 
Heymann, Professor of the Oriental Languages in the University of 
Leyden. Translated from the Low Dutch. Plates. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

Another edition, London, 1772. Dutch original, Leyden, 1757-58. See below. 

1757-58 EGMONT VAN DER NYENBERG, J. AEGIDIUS VAN, and HEY- 
MANN, JAN. Reyzen door een gcdcelte van Europa, Klein Asia, 
verscheyde Eylanden van t'Archipal, Syrien, Palaestina in het H. Land, 
Egypten, den Berg Sinai, nyt beider nagelaatcn Schriften (from the 
years 1700 to 1709 and 1720) samen gestelt door Jon. Wilh. Heymann. 
11 Deele. 4to. Leyden. 



NEAR EAST 229 

ROY, . The Ruins of Athens, with Remains and other valuable 

Antiquities in Greece. (Translated into English by Robert Sayer.) 
Plates. Fol. London. 

Le Roy had been led to undertake an expedition to Athens in the interest of 
France in rivalry with that of Wood's and Dawkins's. Le Roy left Rome for Ath- 
ens in 1753. Sayer's translation was also intended to anticipate the projected work 
of Stuart and Revett. See below. 

1762-1794 STUART, JAMES, and REVETT, NICHOLAS. The Antiquities 
of Athens, measured and delineated by James Stuart, F.R.S., and 
Nicholas Revett. Over 200 large folding and full page engravings of 
views, architecture, sculpture, antiquities, etc., and numerous head and 
tail pieces, all by the best artists of the time, letter press historical and 
descriptive. 3 vols. Fol. London. 

An additional volume was published in 1814, edited by Jos. Wood, containing 
biographies of Stuart arid Revett, and numerous extracts from their notes and 
journals ; and a fifth volume appeared in 1830. 

In preparation for this work the authors spent six or seven years at Rome in 
the study of painting. Their labors were much indebted to the Society of Dilet- 
tanti, who both financed the expedition and went to the expense of engraving a 
great number of plates from original drawings in their possession. Several of the 
members of the Society interested themselves individually in promoting the pub- 
lication of the volumes. For the story of this fascinating expedition one should 
consult The History of the Society of Dilettanti compiled by Lionel Cust and 
edited by Sir Sidney Colvin (London, 1914). After his return from Greece, Stuart 
became generally known as "Athenian Stuart." As a result of the publication of 
his work London saw an increase in the number of houses built in the Greek style. 

1763 BELL, JOHN. For his journey from St. Petersburg to Constantinople 
(in 1737-38) see his Travels from St. Petersburg in Russia, to Diverse 
Parts of Asia, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

MONTAGUE, LADY MARY WORTLEY. Letters written during her 
Travels in Europe, Asia and Africa. 8vo. London. 

Later editions: London, 1767; London, 1769; London, 1789. Translated into 
most of the European languages: German, Leipzig, 1764; French, Amsterdam, 
1763, Paris, 1764. See below. 

Lady Mary accompanied her husband, Edward Montague, on his diplomatic 
mission to Constantinople, making the journey overland. When she left Vienna 
she received as many admonitions as though she were journeying to the ends of 
the earth. The letters she wrote back home are justly ranked among the most cel- 
ebrated of their kind in a century richly endowed with excellent letter writers. It 
has been hinted that she expected at the time of writing to see them in print later. 
But in this respect she was not an exception in the eighteenth century. Her part in 
introducing the practice of inoculating against small-pox is well known. 

1769 MONTAGUE, LADY MARY WORTLEY. Letters . . . containing among 
other curious Relations Accounts of the Policy and Manners of the 
Turks. 3 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 

1789 MONTAGUE, LADY MARY WORTLEY. Letters written ... to Per- 
sons of Distinction, ... A New Edition with Poems by the same Au- 
thor. Portrait. 12mo. London. 



230 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1763 (In French.) Lettres ecrites pendant ses voyages en Europe, en Asie et en 

Afrique, . . . traduites de 1'anglais sur la seconde edition. 12mo. Am- 
sterdam, 

It is stated that there were five translations of these letters into 
French. The one above was made by Father Jean Brunet, a Dominican 
Friar. 

1764 (In French.) Lettres de milady Worthley Montague, ecrites en diverses 

parties du monde, traduites de 1'anglois, troisieme partie pour servir de 
supplement aux deux premieres. On y a joint une reponse a la critique 
que le Journal encyclopedique a fait des deux premieres, par P. J. 
Brunet. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

1764 (In German.) Brief e wahrend ihrer Reise durch Europa, Asien, und Af- 
rika. Aus dem Englischen iibersetzt. 8vo. Leipzig. 

1765 LYTTLETON, CHARLES. An Account of the Plague at Aleppo. 

London. 

Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1765, III, 257. 

1766 CARMICHAEL, JOHN. A Journey from Aleppo over the Desert to 

Basserah, Oct. 21, 1751. 

This is printed as an Appendix to John Henry Grose's Voyage to the East 
Indies, 2nd edit. See the latter under 1757, EAST INDIES. An abridged version 
of Carmichael appeared in the Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc., LVII, 38 ff., 1791-%. 

HASSELQUIST, FREDERICK (M.D.). Voyages and Travels in the 
Levant, 1749-1752: Natural History, Physick, Agriculture, . . . Map. 
8vo. London. 

Original Swedish, Stockholm, 1757. See below. 

The author was one of that zealous band of students who, fired by the gen- 
ius of Linnaeus, scattered over different parts of the world in pursuit of natural 
history. Like many others, Hasselquist died while on, the quest. His own profes- 
sion was medicine. The first part of this work is a journal of travel and corres- 
pondence, the second observations on mineralogy, botany, zoology, diseases, com- 
merce, etc. He visited Smyrna, Magnesia, Alexandria (remaining a year in Egypt), 
the Holy Land, Cyprus, but omitted Constantinople on account of the plague raging 
there. He died in 1752 at Smyrna, His work is uncommonly interesting and val- 
uable to the natural historian. 

1757 HASSELQUIST, FREDERICK. Iter Paloestinense, . . . forroetad ifran 
1749 til 1752. 8vo. Stockholm. 

1767 BRYANT, JACOB. Observations and Inquiries relating to various parts 

of Ancient History, containing Dissertations on the Wind Euroclydon 
and on the Island Melite, . . . Folding maps. 4to. Cambridge. 

Bryant comes in for a scathing remark in Byron's Don Juan. 



NEAR EAST 231 

CALVERT, FREDERICK (Sixth Baron Baltimore). A Tour in the 
East in years 1763 and 1764, with Remarks on the City of Constanti- 
nople and the Turks, by the Lord Baltimore. Plates and a colored fold- 
ing plan of Constantinople. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, Dublin, 1768. 

1768 PORTER, SIR JAMES. Observations on the Religion, Laws, Govern- 

ment and Manners of the Turks. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd (and best) edit., London, 1771. Translated into French, London, 1768. 
See below. 

The author was ambassador at Constantinople, 1746-1762. 

1771 PORTER, SIR JAMES. Observations on the Religion, Laws, Government 
and Manners of the Turks, to which is added, the State of the Turkey 
Trade from its Origin. 8vo. London. 

1768 (In French.) Observations sur la Religion, les Loix, le Gouvernement, les 
Moeurs des Turcs. Traduit de 1'Anglois. 2 vols. 12mo. London. 

Noticed in the Journal des Scavans, 1770, IV, 291. 

1769 CHANDLER, RICHARD. Ionian Antiquities : published by order of the 

Society of Dilettanti. 

A second volume was published as a continuation, London, 1797. 

This work, together with Inscriptions Antiquae (1774), were the published 
results of Chandler's archaeological expedition to Greece and the adjacent regions 
made under the auspices of the Society of Dilettanti. For an account of his 
travels see under 1775. 

1772 BOS, LAMBERT. Antiquities of Greece, with the Notes of Frederick 
Leisner, translated by Percival Stockdale. 8vo. London. 

This is a work intended principally for the use of schools. Lowndes. 

GUYS, PIERRE-AUGUSTIN. A Sentimental Journey through Greece, 
in a Series of Letters ... to M. Bourlat de Montredon, translated 
from the French. 3 vols. 12mo. London. 

The author was a physician of Lyons who with his family made a long stay 
in the Orient. His aim was to show that in order to know the life of the ancient 
Greeks it was necessary to attire oneself in the costume of the modern Greek. 
Probably this was the first and also the last time that such an idea was bruited in 
the eightenth century. He possessed an admirable knowledge of Greek antiquity as 
well as a familiarity with the modern Greek and Turkish languages. In his book 
he included specimens of songs from both those peoples. He may be said to have 
been the first folklorist who directed his attention towards the Orient. His work 
is written in such an agreeable style, his observations so delicate and his compar- 
isons so subtle that it makes excellent reading even today. From lorga, Les Voy- 
ageurs Pranfais. 



232 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1775 CHANDLER, RICHARD. Travels in Asia Minor, or an Account of a 
Tour made at the expense of the Society of Dilettanti. Map. 4to. 
Oxford. 

The 2nd part of his Travels came out, Oxford, 1776. Reprinted, Dublin, 1775 
and 1776 No French translation appeared until 1806. The work was noticed in 
the Journal des Scavans, 1776, I, 542. 

Chandler, who was a good Greek archaeologist, was sent to Greece in' 1764 
by the Society of Dilettanti to copy inscriptions and to finish the task left uncom- 
pleted by Stuart. He returned to England in 1774. He was a neighbor and cor- 
respondent of Gilbert White, author of the History and Antiquities of Selbourne. 

1777 RICHARDSON, JOHN. Dissertations on the Languages, Literature, and 
Manners of Eastern Nations. 8vo. Oxford. 

1780 IRWIN, EYLES. A Series of adventures in the Course of a Voyage up 
the Red Sea, on the Coasts of Arabia, and of a Route through the 
Desarts of Thebais, hitherto unknown to the European Traveler, in 
the year 1777, in Letters to a Lady. Maps and plates. 4to. London. 

Later editions: London, 1781, with additions; 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1784; 2 
vols., 8vo, London, 1787. Translated into German, Leipzig, 1781 ; into French, 
Paris, 1792. See below. 

This work is chiefly valuable for the information which his personal adven- 
tures necessarily give of the manners, etc., of the Arabians. Lowndes. The author 
was superintendent of Madras, 1771 ; dismissed for protest against the deportation 
of Lord Pigot, he was returned to India, 1780, on being reinstated, and filled other 
positions afterwards. D. N. B. 

1781 IRWIN, EYLES. A Series of Adventures in the course of a Voyage up 
the Red Sea, . . . with a Supplement of a Voyage from Venice to Lat- 
ichea, and of a Route through the Desarts of Arabia, by Aleppo, Bag- 
dad, and the Tygris, to Busrah, in the years 1780 and 1781, in Letters 
to a Lady. Plates. 4to. London. 

1781 (In German.) Begebenheiten einer Reise auf dem Rothen Meere, und auf 
der Arabischen und Aegyptischen Kiiste, ingleichen durch die The- 

baische Wuste. Aus dem Englischen von J. A. Engelbrecht. Map and 
plates. 8vo. Leipzig. 

1792 (In French.) Voyage a la Mer Rouge, sur les cotes de 1' Arabic, en Egypte 
et dans les Deserts de la Thebaide suivi d'un Voyage a Bassorah, . . en 
1780 et 1781. Traduit de 1'anglais, sur le 3me edition, par J. P. Parraud. 
2 vols. Maps. 8vo. Paris. 

WALKIN, . Travels to Constantinople and in the Crimea. 2 vols. 

London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVIL Both the name and the date are in doubt. 

1782 BRUCE, PETER. For his travels in Turkey see his Memoirs of Military 
Service in Prussia, Russia, etc., under GENERAL TRAVELS AND 
DESCRIPTIONS, 



NEAR EAST 233 

1783 CAPPER, JAMES. Observations on the Passage to India (in the year 

1779) through Egypt; also by Vienna through Constantinople to Alep- 
po, and from thence by Bagdad, and directly across the Grand Desert 
to Bassora. Maps. 4to. London. 

Another edition enlarged, 4to, London, 1784. Translated into French, London 
and Paris, 1786. See below. 

Capper was also the author of several works on meteorology. 

1786 (In French.)- Voyages du Colonel Capper dans les Indies, au travers dc 

1'Egypte et du grand desert, par Suez, en 1779. Traduits de 1'Anglots, 
et accompagnes de notes sur I'original et des cartes geographiqucs. 2 
vols. 8vo. Londres et Paris. 

This translation appeared in the same volume with the French ver- 
sion of James Mackintosh's Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa. For 
the latter see under 1782, GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIP- 
TIONS. 

LUSIGNAN, S. For a description of Palestine and Syria, and the Jour- 
nal of a Gentleman who travelled from Aleppo to Bassora, see his 
History of the Revolt of AU Bey, under AFRICA. 

ROOKE, HENRY. Travels to the Coast of Arabia Felix, and from 
thence, by the Red Sea and Egypt, to Europe, containing a short Ac- 
count of an Expedition undertaken against the Cape of Good Hope; 
in a series of Letters. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., with additions, 8vo, London, 1784. Translated into German, Leipzig, 
1787; into French, Paris, 1788. See below. 

1787 (In German.) Reisen nach den Kiisten des gliicklichen Arabiens und von 

da iiber das Rothc Meer und Aegypten nach Europa zuruck ; worin ein 
kurzer Bericht von einem gcgcn das Vorgebirge der guten Hoffnung 
unternommen Scezuge geliefert wird. In einer Reihe von Briefen. 
Nach der 2 verm. Eng. Ausgabe uberset2t. 8vo Leipzig. 

1788 (In French.) Voyage sur les Cotes de T Arabic Hcureuse, sur la Mer 

Rouge et en Egypte, . . . ; avec une Notice sur 1'Rxpedition de M. 
Suffrein au Cap de Bonne-Esperance. Traduit de I'Anglois (par M. L. 
M. Langlcs). 8vo. Paris. 

1784 EVERS, SAMLJEL (Lieut.). A Journal kept on a Journey from Bas- 

sora to Bagdad, through the Little-Desert, to Aleppo, Cyprus, Rhodes. 
Zante, Corfu, and Otrante, in the year 1779 by a Gentleman. Horsham. 

HABESCI, ELIAS. The Present State of the Ottoman Empire ... in- 
cluding a particular Description of the Court and Seraglio of the 
Grand Signor. Translated from the French Manuscript of Elias Ha- 
besci. 8vo. London. 

Habcsci was for many years resident at Constantinople, in the service of the 
Grand Sicrnor. Lowndes. The real name of the author, who assumed th* titl* nf 



234 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1785 TOTT, FRANCIS, BARON DE. Memoirs of Baron de Tott, contain- 

ing the State of the Turkish Empire and the Crimea during the late 
War with Russia, with numerous Anecdotes, Facts and Observations 
on the Manners and Customs of the Turks and Tartars. Translated 
from the French by an English Gentleman at Paris, under the immedi- 
ate Inspection of the Baron. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., with Strictures subjoined by M. Peyssonnel, London, 1786. French 
original, Amsterdam, 1784. See below. 

Eton asserts Baron Tott's Account of Turkey, and of its inhabitants, to be 
the best and most exact. There are, however, several exaggerations and inaccur- 
acies in the work, as may be easily conceived from the character of the author. 
The description of the Crimea, and its inhabitants, is, perhaps, the most interesting. 
Pinkerton XVII. The account is marked by sprightly egotisms, an apparent dis- 
regard for truth and a love of exciting surprise. This depreciates in the public 
eye the value of that singular nation with which he was so intimately conversant. 
Dalrymple. This odd traveller was the son of an Hungarian refuge in the suite 
of the pretender Rakoczy, but owing to a sprightliness of disposition and a French 
education, he became essentially French in spirit. He passed some time among the 
Tartars and in the Crimea, traversed Moldavia and Wallachia, and finally reached 
Constantinople, where he undertook a very peculiar mission. At that time Selim 
III was desirous of introducing the European dress, hoping by a reform, especially 
in the army, to win out in the struggle with Russia. Despite bickerings with the 
Turks, De Tott managed to impart something of western military technique. His 
book went through three editions. From lorga, Les Voyageurs Franfais. 

1784 TOTT, FRANCIS, BARON DE. Memoires sur les Turcs et les Tartares. 

3 parts in 2 vols. 8vo. Amsterdam. 

Dans cet ouvrage, Tott preceda Anquetil-Duperron, Savary et Vol- 
ney. II est le premier qui ait debrouillc avec exactitude et impartialite 
le chaos de notions fausse sous lequel restait voile pour 1'Europe cette 
partie du monde. Camber. 

1785 PEYSSONNEL, CHARLES DE. Lettres de M. Peyssonnel a le Marquis 

. . . contenant quelque observations relatives aux Memoires qui ont 

paru sous le nom de M. le Baron de Tott. Paris. 

Peyssonnel resided some time at Constantinople from 1735 on and 
there carried on the practice of law. His archaeological and commercial 
studies of the Tartars, of the Isle of Crete, the Black Sea, Smyrna, 
and Candia are of great value for the period, From lorga, Les Voy- 
ageurs Frangais. 

1786 A Description of the Holy Places of Jerusalem and the Objects visited by 

Pilgrims in Judea and Galilee, by the Reverend Fathers of the Latin 
Convent at Jerusalem. Translated from the Latin by W. Witman. 
London. 

The date given is a guess based on Pinkerton, who, however, is often unre- 
liable. Wittman travelled in Turkey, Syria, and adjacent places during the years 
1799, 1880, and 1801, in company with the Turkish army and the British military 
mission. It is probable that this translation is the result of contacts made during 
those years and hence would be of a much later date. See Wittman under 1803 
below. 



NEAR EAST 235 

1787 VOLNEY, CONSTANTINE FRANCOIS CHASSEBOEUF, COMTE 

DE. Travels through Syria and Egypt 1783-85, containing Observa- 
tions on their Commerce, Arts, Politics, . . . Maps and plates. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

Another edition, 2 vols., 8vo, Dublin, 1788. French original, Paris, 1787. Two 
volumes were made up in the French edition by the addition of matter concerning 
the war between the Russians and the Turks. This appeared at Paris, 1788. See 
below. 

One of the most exact and valuable works of the kind ever published, all per- 
sonal details being eliminated "to economise the time of readers." Chambers, quot- 
ed by Sotheran. Volney was a member of the States General and later of the Con- 
stituent Assembly. He had a varied career during the Revolution, once narrowly 
escaping the guillotine. He won the favor of Napoleon, who made him a count 
and put him in the Senate. His chief work was Lcs Rumes, ou meditations sur les 
revolutions des empires, known in English as The Ruins of Empires, which ap- 
peared first in Paris, 1791. He tried to put his political philosophy into practice 
on an estate which he bought in Corsica. He died in 1820. 

1787 VOLNEY, CONSTANTIN FRANCOIS CHASSEBOEUF, COMTE 
DE. Voyage en Syrie et en Egypte, pendant les annees 1783, 1784, et 
1785. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

1788 ELLIS, GEORGE. Memoir of a Map of the Countries comprehended 

between the Black Sea and the Caspian ; with an Account of the Cau- 
casian Nations, and Vocabularies of their Languages. 4to. London. 

HOWEL, THOMAS (M. D.). Journal of a Passage from India by 
a Route partly unfrequented through Armenia and Natolia or Asia 
Minor. Map. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, 8vo, London, 1790. Translated into French (with Capper's 
Voyage), Paris, 1797. See below. 

For this overland journey from India the author recommends a very miscel- 
laneous equipment, including "a small tin tea pot" and "a Broad Sword." Sotheran. 

1790 HOWEL, THOMAS. Journal of a Passage from India, by a Route partly 
unfrequented, through Armenia and Natolia, or Asia Minor, with In- 
structions for those who intend to travel, either to or from India, by 
that Route. Large folding map. 8vo. London. 

1797 (In French.) Voyage en retour de 1'Inde par une route en partie inconnue 
jusqu'ici, suivi d'observations sur le passage dans 1'Inde par TEgypte 
et le grand desert, par James Capper. Traduit de 1'anglois, par Th. 
Mandar. Impr. de la Republique an V. Plates. 4to. Paris. 

Les pp. 328-385 sont occupees par 1'itincraire de 1* Arable deserte, ou 
lettres sur en voyage de Bassora a Alep par le Grand et le Petit Desert, 
public en 1750 par MM. Plaisted et Eliot. Bookseller's Note. 

LUSIGNAN, S. Letters addressed to Sir William Fordyce, F.R.S., con- 
taining a Voyage from England to Smyrna ; from thence to Constan- 
tinople, and from that Place over Land to England; likewise an Ac- 
count of the Cities, Towns, and Villages, through which the Author 



236 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

passed, . . . With a short Answer to Volney's Contradictions on AH 
Bey's History and Revolt, and Appendix on the Holy Land. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

For Lusignan's account of Ali Bey see under 1783, AFRICA. 

SAVARY, CLAUDIO ESTEBAN. Letters on Greece, translated from 
the French. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1788. See below. 

This French orientalist left for Egypt in 1776 and spent three years there 
studying costumes and monuments. For his Letters on Egypt see under 1786, 
AFRICA. 

1788 SAVARY, CLAUDIO ESTEBAN. Lettres sur la Grece. Paris. 

1789 CRAVEN, LADY ELIZABETH (Margravine Anspach). For her jour- 

ney from the Crimea to Constantinople, see under EAST EUROPE. 

1790 SUTHERLAND, DAVID (Captain). A Tour up the Straits, from Gib- 

raltar to Constantinople, with the leading Events in the present War 
between the Austrians, Russians, and the Turks, to the Commencement 
of the Year 1789. 4to. London. 

1791 ANACHARSIS THE YOUNGER. Maps, Plans, Views, and Coins il- 

lustrative of the Travels of Anacharsis the Younger in Greece, during 
the middle of the Fourth Century before the Christian Era. 4to. 
London. 

See Barthelemy under 1793-94 below. 

DALRYMPLE, RICHARD. Antiquities and Views in Greece and Egypt, 
with the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants, from Drawings 
made on the Spot. Fol. London. 

Held in little esteem. Lowndes. A similar judgment was passed by Dal- 
rymple himself on most of his predecessors in the same field. 

JENNER, MATTHEW. The Route to India through France, Germany, 
Hungary, Turkey, Natolia, Syria, and the Desert of Arabia. London. 

LE CHEVALIER, (Citizen). Description of the Plain of Troy, by Cit- 
izen Le Chevalier, translated from the French. Maps. 4to. London. 

2nd edit, of French original, Paris, 1799. See below. 

The author was secretary to the prince of Moldavia; he disappeared during 
the war between Russia and Turkey, begun in 1788. The above work is a labor- 
ious effort to identify ancient localities in the Troad. He also describes the Turk- 



NEAR EAST 237 

ish monuments in Constantinople, the manners and customs of the inhabitants, the 
defenses of the city, the Greek churches, etc From lorga, Les V oyagcurs JFran- 
fais The date given above is taken from Pinker ton and is open to suspicion. 

1799 LE CHEVALIER, (Citizen). Voyage dans le Troad, ou Tableau de la 
Plaine de Troie dans son Etat actuel. 2nd edit. Map and plates. Paris, 
An VII. 

MARITI, GIOVANNI (Abbe). Travels through Cyprus, Syria, and 
Palestine, with a general History of the Levant (translated from the 
French). 3 vols. London. 

This is a literal translation of the French translation (Paris, 1791), which is 
anything but literal. Another version asserted to be a translation from the Italian 
original (vol. I only), Dublin, 1792. A modern edition made from the Italian 
original, Cambridge, 1895; 2nd edition of the same, Cambridge, 1901. Italian orig- 
inal, Lucca, 1769. See below. 

The Ottoman conquest of Cyprus in 1571 found a goodly number of chroni- 
clers, some of them eye-witnesses. In Cobham's volume are included two of them. 
Mariti, who was an official of the Imperial and Tuscan consulates, gives an excel- 
lent account of the condition of Cyprus during the third quarter of the eighteenth 
century, which is based mainly on his own observations. See the preface to Cob- 
ham's edition. 

1909 COBHAM, C. B. (C. M. G.). Travels in the Island of Cyprus, 1760-67, 
translated from the Italian of Giovanni Mariti, with contemporary Ac- 
counts of the Sieges of Nicosia and Famagusta by Conterini and Mar- 
tinengo, with prefatory Notes and Index. 2nd edit., enlarged. 8vo. 
Cambridge. 

1769 MARITI, GIOVANNI (Abbe). Viaggi per 1'isola di Cipro, . . . Lucca. 

1791 MARITI, GIOVANNI (Abbe). Voyage dans 1'isle de Chypre, la Syrie et 
la Palestine, avec Thistoire generale du Levant. Tome 1-2 (tout ce 
qu'il a paru). Paris. 

1792 EMIN, JOSEPH. Life and Adventures, 1726-1809. 8vo. Condon. 

The author, an American, was a great friend of Lady Mary Montague. He 
spent some time in Armenia. 

NIEBUHR, CARSTEN. Travels through Arabia and other Countries in 
the East: Hedjas, Yemen, Oman, . . . Translated by Robert Heron, 
with Notes and illustrated with engravings and maps. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Edinburgh. 

Another edition, 2 vols., London, 1799. Abridged in Pinkerton, X, 1-221. Ger- 
man original, Copenhagen, 1772, and 2nd Part, Copenhagen, 1774-78. See below. 

This is a justly famous and popular work. Niebuhr, though German born, 
took part as astronomer and naturalist in the Royal Danish expedition to Arabia, 
1763-67. His accounts are probably the best and most authentic of their day. 
Though Arabia was his chief concern, his travels extended into Egypt, Persia, 
and Hindustan. His translator, Robert Heron, was one of the early biographers 
of Burns. 

1772 NIEBUHR, CARSTEN. Beschreibung von Arabien, aus eigenen Bco- 
bachtungcn und im Lande selbst gesatnmelten Nachrichten. Copenhagen. 



238 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1774-78 NIEBUHR, CARSTEN. Reisebeschreibung nach Arabian, und andern 
umliegenden Landern. Copenhagen. 

1792 WATKINS, THOMAS. For his travels to Constantinople and the Gre- 
cian Isles, see his Travels in 1787-89, under CONTINENTAL, EU- 
ROPE. 



1792-% Dissertations and miscellaneous Pieces relating to the History and An- 
tiquities, ... of Asia. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

This is a selection of essays from the Asiatic Researches. Lowndes. 

1793-94 BARTHELEMY, JEAN JACQUES (Abbe). Travels of Anacharsis 
the Younger in Greece during the Middle of the Fourth Century be- 
fore the Christian Aera, translated (by William Beaumont). 2nd edit., 
enlarged. 7 vols. Atlas, containing numerous plates of views and 
coins, plans and maps. 4to. Together 8 vols. London. 

Date of 1st edit, may be 1791; see Anacharsis under 1791 above. Another 
edition, 5 vols., 8vo, Dublin, 1795; abridged to 1 vol., 8vo, London, 1797; 3rd 
edit., abridged, 8vo, London, 1800. French original, Paris, 1784. Another edition 
in French, London, 1796. See below. 

Anacharsis the Younger was the name assumed by the author. This very pop- 
ular work describes Greece as seen by a barbarian Scythian, who commits the 
anachronism of visiting Athens a few years before the birth of Alexander the 
Great and of conversing with Phocion, Epaminondas, Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, 
and Demosthenes. In his travels through the provinces he makes note of the man- 
ners, morals, and customs of the inhabitants and takes part in their festivals. The 
work furthered contemporary knowledge of ancient Greece and gave rise to many 
imitations. The Monthly Review insinuated that the author borrowed largely from 
the Athenian Letters (Cambridge, 1741), but Barthelemy denied knowledge of that 
work. 

1784 BARTHELEMY, JEAN JACQUES (Abbe). Voyage du jeune Anachar- 
sis en Grece, dans le millieu du quatrieme siecle avant 1'ere vulgaire. 
Plates. 4 vols. 8vo. London. 



1794 PAUSANIUS. The Description of Greece by Pausanius; translated from 
the Greek, with Notes, by Thomas Taylor. Maps and views. 3 vols. 
8vo. London. 

Taylor was a well known Platonist and translator of many Greek works. He 
is also remembered for some interesting associations with Wordsworth. 

1796 CAMPBELL, DONALD. For his journey to India by way of Aleppo, 
Mosul, Bagdad see his Journey overland to India, under EAST 
INDIES. 



NEAR EAST 239 

1797 DALLAWAY, JAMES. Constantinople, ancient and modern, with Ex- 

cursions to the Shores and Islands of the Archipelago and to the Troad. 
10 colored aquatint views. 4to. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1799. See below. 

This very excellent and circumstantial account of Constantinople has been 
reproached with a want of arrangement approaching confusion. A great share of 
the work refers to Asiatic Turkey. Pinkerton XVII. 

1799 (In French.) Constantinople ancienne ct moderne, et description des cotes 
et isles de 1'Archipel et de la Troade; traduit de 1'anglais par Andre 
Morellet. An VII. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris. 

1798 ETON, WILLIAM. A Survey of the Turkish Empire; its Government, 

the State of the Provinces, the Causes of the Decline of Turkey, the 
British Commerce with Turkey. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit., 8vo, London, 1799. See below. 

A work remarkable for nothing but the enthusiasm with which the author 
maintains the necessity of bringing about the restoration of the Greeks. Lowndes. 

1799 BROWNE, WILLIAM G. For his travels in Syria see his Travels in Af- 

rica, Egypt, and Syria, under AFRICA. 

JACKSON, JOHN. A Journey from India to England in the year 1797, 
by a Route commonly called Overland, through Countries not much 
frequented and many of them hitherto unknown to Europeans, partic- 
ularly those between the Euphrates and the Tigris, Curdistan, Diarbe- 
kir, Armenia, and Anatolia in Asia; and Romelia, Bulgaria, and Tran- 
sylvania in Europe. London. 

LANTIER, E. F. The Travels of Antenor. Translated from the French 
of E. F. Lantier. With additional Notes by the English translator. 
3 vols. 8vo. London. 

6th edit, of French original, Paris, 1802 See below. 

1802 LANTIER, E.F. Les Voyages d' Antenor en Grece et en Asie, avec des 
notions sur TEgypte ; manuscript Grcc trouvc a Herculanum, traduit 
(or rather written) par E. F. Lantier. 6th edit, 5 vols. 16mo. Paris. 

1800 FRANCKLIN, WILLIAM (Captain). Remarks and Observations on 

the Plain of Troy, made during an Excursion in June, 1799. 4to. 
London. 



240 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

ADDENDA 

1803 WITTMAN, WILLIAM (M. D.). Travels in Turkey, Asia-Minor, 

Syria, and across the Desert into Egypt, during the years 1799, 1800, 
and 1801, in company with the Turkish Army and the British Military 
Mission ; to which are annexed Observations on the Plague, and on the 
Diseases prevalent in Turkey, and a meteorological Journal, by Wil- 
liam Wittman, M. D. Many colored plates of Turkish and Egyptian 
costumes, 4to. London. 

1804 CALDWELL, ANDREW. An Account of the extraordinary Escape of 

James Stuart, Esq. ("Athenian Stuart"), from being put to Death by 
some Turks, in whose Company he happened to be travelling. Fol. 
London. 

Privately printed. Lowndes. 

1805 ARRIAN. Voyage round the Euxine Sea translated; and Accompanied 

with a Geographical Dissertation, to which are added three Discourses : 
I. On the Trade to the East Indies by means of the Euxine Sea; II. On 
the Distance which Ships of Antiquity usually sailed in 24 Hours; III. 
On the Measure of the Olympic Stadium. Maps. 4to. London. 

1807 BROQUIERE, BERTRANDON DE LA. Travels to Palestine, and Re- 
turn from Jerusalem overland to France, during the years 1432 and 
1433, translated by Thomas Johnes, from a MS. in the National Li- 
brary at Paris. Map of Tartary. 8vo. Hafod Press. 

Reprinted in Wright's Early Travels in Palestine, London, 1848. 

1829-1836 MACARIUS. The Travels of Macarius, Patriarch of Antioch, writ- 
ten by his attendant Archdeacon Paul of Aleppo, in Arabic. Trans- 
lated by F. C. Bel four. 9 parts in 7 vols. 4to. London. 

Published by the Oriental Translation Fund. 

1843-49 FARRI, FELIX. Fratris Felicis Fabri Evagatorium in Terrae Sanc- 
tae, Arabiae et Egypti Peregrinationem. Edidit C. D. Hassler. 3 
vols. 8vo. London. 

A modern edition in English, London, 1892-93. A German version (place?), 
1556. See below. 

1892-93 FABRI, FELIX. Book of the Wanck-riiiRs of Brother Felix Fabri (to 
the Holy Land, . . . circa 1480-83). Translated by A. Stewart. 4 vols. 
8vo. London. 

1556 FABRI. FELIX. Eiirentliche Beschreibuntr der Hin nnrl Wiederfahrtrn 



NEAR EAST 241 

1848 WRIGHT, THOMAS. Early Travels in Palestine. Comprising the Trav- 
els of Bishop Arculf, in the Holy Land, towards A. D. 700; The Trav- 
els of Willibald, 721-727; The Voyage of Bernard the Wise, 867; The 
Travels of Saewulf, 1102 and 1103; The Saga of Sigurd the Crusader, 
1107-1111; The Travels of Rabbi Benjamin, Tudela, 1160-1173; The 
Book of Sir John Maundeville, 1322-1356; The Travels of Bertrandon 
de la Broquiere, 1432 and 1433; The Journey of Henry Maundrell, 
from Aleppo to Jerusalem, 1697. 8vo. Bohn's Library. London. 

Although this work is a collection of travels, it is put here because its con- 
tents have all been selected for their bearing on the Near East. In his Introduc- 
tion Wright accounts for the sources of his texts. 

1857 WEY, WILLIAM. The Itineraries of William Wey. Edited for the 
Roxburghe Club. London. 

This pilgrim to Palestine left a pretty full account of the routes he followed 
on his way to the Holy Land in 1458 and 1462. He advises others how to travel 
and describes various places he passes by, but he has no interest in relics of 
classical antiquity. Among his aids to travellers is a vocabulary of useful phrases 
in the Greek of the day. From Rice, English Travellers in Greece. 

1862 WRATISLAW, BARON WENCELAS (of Mitrowitz). Adventures of 
Baron Wencelas Wratislaw : What he saw in the Turkish Metropolis, 
Constantinople, Experiences in his Captivity, and after his happy Re- 
turn to his Country, committed to Writing in 1599. Literally translated 
from the original Bohemian by A. H. Wratislaw. London. 

1870 BORDE, ANDREW. Fyrst Boke of the Introduction of Knowledge, 
made by Andrew Borde, a Physycke Doctor. Edited by F. J. Furnivall. 
Early English Text Society. New Sen, vol. 10. London. 

Reprinted by the same, London, 1893. Original printing, London, 1547. 

Furnivall, in his Introduction, discusses at some length the probable date of 
printing, and concludes that the dedication to Princess (later Queen) Mary was 
written in 1542, but that the book was not published until 1547. Like Wey's 
Itineraries cited above, it is more of an aid to travellers than a description of a 
journey. 

1883 TORK1NGTON, SIR RICHARD. Ye Oldest Diarie of Englysshe Trav- 
ell: being the hitherto unpublished Narrative of the Pilgrimage of Sir 
Richard Torkington to Jerusalem in 1517. Edited by W. J. Loftie. 
12mo. London. 

This purports to be an account of a journey made to Jerusalem in 1517; but 

its author has copied the largest portion of his "diary" verbatim from Guylforde's 
Pylgrymage, . . . Rice, English Travellers in Greece. 



242 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1890 LE STRANGE, GUY. Palestine under the Moslems. A Description of 
Syria and the Holy Land from A. D. 650 to 1500, translated from the 
works of the medieval Arab Geographers. Maps and illus. 8vo. 
London. 

The object of the author was to translate, systematise, and bring into com- 
parison and chronological order, all the various accounts given by Arab geog- 
raphers, of the cities, Holy Places, and districts of Palestine and Syria. Book- 
seller's Note. 

1890-97 Palestine Pilgrims' Text Society Publications. 14 vols. Numerous 
maps and illus. 8vo. London. 

This valuable and unique collection of early descriptions of the Holy Places 
and of the topography of Palestine from the earliest times to the period of the 
Crusades consists of about thirty-four accounts of pilgrimage, translated from the 
Greek, Latin, Arabic, Old-French, and Old-German originals. Heffer. For par- 
tial contents see below. 

1897 The Churches of Constantin at Jerusalem. The Bordeaux Pilgrim. The 
Pilgrimage of S. Silvia' to the Holy Places. The Letter of Paula and 
Eustochium to Marcella. The Pilgrimage of Holy Paula, by S. Jerome. 
Vol. I. 1897. 

1897 The Epitome of S. Eucherius. The Breviary or Short Description of Jeru- 
salem. Theodosius on the Topography of the Holy Land. The Build- 
ings of Justinian by Procopius. The Holy Places visited by Antoninus 
Martyr. Vol. II. 

1897 The Pilgrimage of Arculfus. The Hodieporicon of S. Willibald. Descrip- 
tion of Syria and Palestine by Mukkadasi. The Itinerary of Bernard 
the Wise. Vol. III. 

1897 Journey through Syria and Palestine by Nasir-i-Khusrau. The Pilgrimage 

of Saewulf to Jerusalem. The Pilgrimage of the Russian Abbot Daniel. 
Vol. IV. 

1892 Early Voyages and Travels in the Levant. I. The Diary of Master Thomas 
Dallam, 1599-1600. II. Extracts from the Diaries of Dr. John Covel, 
1670-1679. With some Account of the Levant Company of Turkey 
Merchants. Edited by James Theodore Bent, F.S.A., F.R.G.S. Illus. 
Hak. Soc. ser. I, vol. 87. London, 



1893 Information for Pilgrims into the Holy Land, edited by E. Gordon Duff. 
4to. London. 

A facsimile reproduction of the unique copy of 1498. 

This book was first printed in 1498. As its title implies, it was intended to 
serve as an aid to travellers to the Holy Land. To this end it includes useful 
directions and a set of phrases needed by travellers. See Rice, English Travellers 
in Greece. 



NEAR EAST 243 

1897 COSMAS INDICOPLEUSTES. The Topographia Christiana of Cos- 
mas Indicopleustes. Translated from the Greek and edited by John Wat- 
son McCrindle, M.A. 4 illus. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 98. London. 

An edition under a different editor, London, 1909. See below. 

This work was written about the year 547. It was termed by Professor Beaz- 
ley "systematic nonsense," a label it seems to deserve, for it is a curious mixture 
of theological argument for a flat earth with Jerusalem at its center and Cosmas' 
own knowledge of geography. It had little bearing on the progress of geography 
of the time. See Baker, Geographical Discovery. 

1909 COSMAS INDICOPLEUSTES. The Christian Topography of Cosmas 
Indicopleustes, edited with geographical notes by E. O. Winstedt. 8vo. 
London. 

1900 LE STRANGE, GUY. Baghdad during the Abbasid Caliphate from con- 

temporary Arabic and Persian Sources. 8 plans. 8vo. London. 

1901 TEIXEIRA, PEDRO. The Journey from India to Italy by Land, 1604- 

05 ; With his Chronicle of the Kings of Ormus. Translated and Edited 
by William Frederick Sinclair, late Bombay C.S., with additional Notes, 
etc., by Donald William Ferguson. Hak. Soc., ser, II, vol 9. London. 



1902 BODENHAM, ROGER, (Captain). Voyage to Scio, 1551. In Beazley, 
Voyages and Travels, vol. I (from Hakluyt, 1599-1600). London. 

CAMPION, JASPER. The English Trade to Scio in 1539-1570. In 
Beazley I (from Hakluyt, 1599-1600). London. 

1907 CASOLA, PIETRO (Canon). Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the year 1494. 
Translated, with Introduction, by M. M. Newett, 8vo, London. 

A later edition, London, 1929. See below. 

1929 The Casale Pilgrim, a Sixteenth-Century Illustrated Guide to the Holy 
Places, reproduced in facsimile, with introduction, translation and notes, 
by Cecil Roth. Illus. in color. 4to. London. 

IBN JUBAYR. Travels. Edited from a MS. in the University of Leyden 
by W. Wright. 2nd edit., revised by M. J. De Goeje. 8vo. London. 

This is the best edition of the Arabic text of this famous Moslem traveller 
of the 12th century. Bookseller's Note. 



244 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1911 BREYDENBACH, BERNHARD VON. Bernhard von Breydenbach 
and his Journey to the Holy Land, 1483-84. A Bibliography. Com- 
piled by Hugh W. Davies. 60 pp. of reproductions. 4to. London. 

Latin original, Mainz, 1486. See below. 

This book, one of the earliest accounts of travel that have come down to us, 
gives the salient facts and fancies of a voyage undertaken by Bernhardus de Brey- 
denbach, an official of the Archbishop of Mainz, with two other knights to the 
Holy Land. Reuwich went with them as artist to the expedition and designed the 
drawings of the places they visited, besides smaller ones of costumes, etc. On ac- 
count of the length of some of the cuts the Venetian panorama measuring over 
five feet, and one of the Palestine over fourcopies of this book with the cuts 
quite complete are of the greatest rarity. The illustrations mark a new era in the 
history of wood-engraving and book illustration, and their designer, Erhard Reu- 
wich of Utrecht, ranks with the first of his time. The engraver, whose name is 
unfortunately unknown, is entitled to equal credit. They are the best illustrations 
in any medieval book, being among the first woodcuts in which shading is used in 
masses and not merely to help the outlines, . . . being the first definite attempt to 
represent places and persons in a life-like way, and drawn from the life. From 
Bookseller's Notes. The book was frequently translated. 

I486 BREYDENBACH, BERNHARDUS DE. Sanctarum Peregrinatium in 
Montem Sinai ad venerandum Christi Sepulcrum atque in Montem Sinai 
ad divam Virginem et Martyrem Catharinam : opusculum Bernh. de 
Breydenbach. Mentz. 

1920 ABBOTT, G, F. Under the Turk in Constantinople, a Record of Sir 
John Finch's Embassy, 1674-1681. Illus. 8vo. London. 



1926 TAFUR, PERO. Travels and Adventures, 1435-1439. Translated from 
the Spanish, with Introduction by M. Letts. 3 plates. Broadway 
Travellers. 8vo. London. 

Spanish original, Madrid, 1874. See below. 

Tafur was a Spanish knight who travelled as far east as Constantinople and also 
visited the great trading centers of medieval Europe, such as Antwerp, Ghent, etc., 
when these towns were at the height of their commercial supremacy. He greatly 
admired the Venetians and the Flemings. At the time of his visit Constantinople 
was very much in decay. 

1874 TAFUR, PKRO. Andangas e viajes de Pcro Tafur por diversas partes 
del mundo avidos. Madrid. 

No complete translation had hitherto appeared, though portions had 
been translated into German earlier. Only one manuscript is known to 
be extant, and that one is some centuries later than the time of the 
travels themselves. 



1928 The Desert Route to India, being the Journals of four Travellers by the 
great Desert Caravan Route between Aleppo and Basra, 1745-1751. 
Edited by Douglas Carruthers. Map and plates. Hak. Soc. ser. II, 

vol. 63. London. 



NEAR EAST 245 

1931 MAKHAIRAS, LEONITOS. Recital concerning the Sweet Land of 
Cyprus entitled "Chronicle/' edited with a translation by R. M. Daw- 
kins. Map. 2 vols, 8vo. London. 

The Chronicle of Leonitos Makhairas deals with the history of Cyprus to the 
year 1458 and principally with the hundred years immediately preceding that date. 
It was last edited, with a F reach translation, in 1881 ; the present edition offers a 
text based upon a fresh collation of the two existing manuscripts, and provides 
it for the first time with an English translation and notes. The first volume con- 
tains text and translation, the second, the Introduction, Commentary, Glossary and 
Indexes Bookseller's Note. 

SANDERSON, JOHN. Selections from the Papers of John Sanderson, 
Levant Merchant, 1560-1627, including his Travels in Palestine, etc. 
Edited by Sir William Foster, C.I.E. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 68. 
London. 



IX 

Central Asia 

1577 VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DI. For his account of Persia see his Nav- 
igation and Vyages of Lewes Vertomannus, under EAST INDIES. 

1580 FRAMPTON, JOHN. A Discourse of Tartaria, Scithia, . . . 12mo. 
London. 

The Region of Tartaria and of the Lawes and Power of the Tartares, of 
the Cuntrey of Scithia and the Manner of the Scithians, of the Cuntrey 
called the other side of Gange, of Cataia and the Region of Sina, a 
cuntrey of the Great Cham and of the mervulous wonders that haue 
ben scene in those Cuntreyes, London. 

Taken from the Stationers' Register. This work may be that listed under 
Frampton above. 

1590 BEROALDUS, MATTHAEUS. A Short View of the Persian Mon- 
archic and of Daniels Weekes. Translated by H. Broughton. 4to. 
London. 

1595 MINADOI, GIOVANNI THOMASCO. The History of the Warres be- 
tween the Turks and the Persians. Containing the Description of all 
such Matters, as pertaine to the Religion, to the Forces, to the Gov- 
ernment, and to the Countries of the Kingdome of the Persians. . . . 

And last of all, a Letter of the Authors, wherein is discoursed, what 
Cittie it was in the old time, which is now called Tauris. Translated 
into English by Abraham Hartwell. Folding map of Persia. 4to. 
I_ondon. 

Italian original, Venice, 1594. See below. 

Minadoi was an Italian doctor of medicine attached to the Venetian Consulate 
in Constantinople and Syria. He was able to gain much valuable information on 
the war between Turkey and Persia during the years 1576-1588. Maggs, No. 519. 

1594 MINADOI, GIOVANNI THOMASCO. Historia della Guerra fra Tur- 
chi et Persiani, divisa in libri none. Folding map of Persia and Turkey. 
4to. Venice. 

1601 SHERLEY, SIR ANTHONY. A New and large Discourse of the Trav- 
els of Sir Anthony Sherley, Knight, by Sea, and over L,and, to the Per- 
sian Empire. Wherein are related many Straunge and wonderfull ac- 
cidents ; and also, the Description and Condition of those Countries and 

(246) 



CENTRAL ASIA 247 

People he passed by ; with his returne into Christendome. Written by 
William Parry, Gentleman, who accompanied Sir Anthony in his Trav- 
els. 4to. London. 

Sir Anthony published his own Relation in 1613. Parry's account reappears in 
Anthony Nixon's The Three English Brothers, London, 1607. Reprinted in Col- 
lier's Reprints, Red Series. The Travailes of the three English Brothers drama- 
tised by John Day, 1607. Translated into Dutch, Leyden, 1706. Sec below. 

Parry's account is an exceedingly scarce work, being much rarer than Sher- 
ley's. It is a most interesting and well-written little volume. Among one of the 
wonders that Sherley hardly expects people to believe is that Turkish merchants 

make use of a pigeon post from Mecca to Aleppo and train their pigeons to carry 
letters concerning the state of the markets from places three months' camel journey 
away. He gives a curious description of the manners and customs of the Per- 
sians. Among the interesting items is his relation concerning petroleum found at 
Baku. The Shah took a great liking to him and sent him as ambassador to Mos- 
cow, where, however, he was given a bad reception by the Russians. Maggs, No. 
519. His career was one of travels, adventures, dangers and varying fortunes. 
He ended his days in poverty at Madrid. 

1607 NIXON, ANTHONY. The Three English Brothers. Sir Thomas Sher- 
ley his Travels, with his three Yeares Imprisonment in Turkic. Sir 
Anthony Sherley his Embassagc. Master Robert Sherley, his Wars 
against the Turkes, and Marriage to the Emperor of Persia's Niece. 
4 to. London. 

1607 DAY, JOHN. The Travailes of the three English Brothers, Sir Thomas, 
Sir Anthony, and Mr. Robert Shirley. As it is now play'd by her 
Maiesties Seruantes. 4to. London. 

This play is dedicated "To honours fauorites, and the intire friends 
of the familie of the Shcrley's," by John Day, William Rowley and 
George Wilkins. Lowndes. 

1706 (In Dutch.) Opmerkelyke Reystogten van den heer Anthony Sherley, 
gedaan in den Jare 1599, na Persien. Map and plates. 12mo. Leyden. 

1611 CARTWRIGHT, JOHN. For an account of Sir Anthony Sherley f s En- 
tertainment at the Court of Persia, see The Preachers' Travels, under 
NEAR EAST. 



1613 SHERLEY, SIR ANTHONY. Relation of his Travels into Persia, the 
Dangers and Distresses which befell him in his Passage . . . his Mag- 
nificent Entertainment in Persia ... 2 portraits. 4to. London. 

Reviewed by Collier in his Rarest Books in the English Language. Modern 
edition, London, 1933. 

1933 Sir Anthony Sherley and his Persian Adventure. Including some Con- 
temporary Narratives relating thereto. Edited by Sir E. Denison Ross. 
8 plates and 2 maps. London. 

1625 ROE, SIR THOMAS. For an account of Persia see his The Embassy of 
Sir Thomas Roe to the Court of the Great Mogul, under EAST 
INDIES. 



248 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1634 HERBERT, SIR THOMAS. A Description of the Persian Monarchy 
Now beinge : The Orientall Indyes, lies, & other part's of the Greater 
Asia, and Africk'. (Second title.) A Relations of some Yeares Trav- 
aile, hegynne Anno 1626. Into Afrique and the greater Asia, especially 
the Territories of the Persian Monarchic: and some parts of the Orien- 
tall Indies, and lies adiacent. . . . Fol. London. 

Four English editions appeared during the author's lifetime : the 2nd in fol., 
London, 1638, revised and enlarged by the author ; the 3rd, London, 1665 ; the 4th, 
London, 1677, further amplified, with a chapter on the discovery of America by 
the Welsh Prince Madoc in the twelfth century. This last edition, much pared 
down, was published in the Broadway Travellers' Series, edited by Sir William 
Foster, London, 1928. Translated into Dutch, Dordrecht, 1658; into French, 
Paris, 1663. See below. 

Herbert's narrative "is of considerable importance from an historical point of 

view, as giving us the only detailed account available of the first English Em- 
bassy to Persia, to say nothing of the information afforded concerning the re- 
doubtable Shah Abbas and his chief servants." From Sir William Foster's Intro- 
duction. He commenced Ins travels in 1626/7 and returned to England m Decem- 
ber, 1629. He went out to Persia in the train of Sir Dodmore Cotton, ac- 
credited as Ambassador to the Shah of Persia. He also vi.sited the Cape of Good 
Hope, Madagascar, and Surat, and coasted the eastern shores of North America 
on his return to England. His account of these travels is written in a lively and 
agreeable style. To prove that the Welshman Madoc ap Owen discovered Amer- 
ica, he quotes the Welsh bards in evidence. It is amusing that he points to the 
name of Cape Breton as a proof that his countrymen were there in the ninth 

century. From Robinson, No. 20. 

1638 HERBERT, SIR THOMAS. Some Yeares Travels into Divers Parts of 
Asia and Afrique. Describing especially the two famous Empires, the 
Persian, and the great Mogull . . . As also, many rich and spatious 

Kingdomes in the Orientall India, and other parts of Asia; Together 
with the adjacent Isles. . . With a revivall of the first Discoverer of 
America. Revised and Enlarged by the Author Fol. London. 

1658 (In Dutch.) Zee-en Laiit-Reyse Na verschcyde Deelen van Asia en Africa 
Beschryvende Voornamelijck de twee bevremde Rijcken van den Per- 
siaen, en den Grooten Mogul . . . BenefTens een Verhael van den 
eersten Vinder van America. Uyt het Engcls in dc Ncde landtsche 
Tale vvergeset door L(ambert) van den Bosch. 4to. Dordrecht. 

1663 (In French) Relation du Voyage de Perse et des Indes-Orientales : tra- 
duit de 1'anglais de Thomas Herbert (par Wiquefort) ; avec le Revolu- 
tions arrivees au Royaume de Siam 1'an 1647 ; traduites du Flammand 
dc Jeremie van Vliet (par le meme). 4to. Paris. 

1662 MANDELSLO, JOHANN ALBRECHT VON. For his travels in Per- 
sia see his The Voyages and Travels of, under EAST INDIES, and 
also Olearius below. 

OLEARIUS, ADAM. Voyages and Travels of the Ambassadors to the 
Great Duke of Muscovy and the King of Persia, rendered into Eng- 
lish by J. Davies. Portraits and maps. Fol. London. 

2nd edit., fol., London, 1669. German original, Sleswick, 1647. See below. 

The occasion of this journey was an embassy sent by the Duke of Holstein 
to the Duke of Moscovy and the King of Persia in the years 1633-1639. Olearius 
was its secretary. For further detail see under the edition of 1669 below. Moscow 
was reached in the first expedition, 1633-35 ; and Persia in the second, 1635-39. 



CENTRAL ASIA 249 

1669 OLEARIUS, ADAM. The Voyage and Travells of the Ambassadors sent 
by Frederick, Duke of Holstein, to the Great Duke of Muscovy and 
the King of Persia, containing a compleat history of Muscovy, Tar- 
tary, Persia and other adjacent Countries ; whereunto are added the 
Travels of John Albert de Mandelslo from Persia into the East Indies, 
containing a particular description of Indosthan, the Mogul's Empire, 
the Oriental Islands, Japan, China, . . . Portraits and folding maps. 
2nd edition, corrected. Fol. London. 

The work is of importance cartographically (especially for its map 
of the river Volga), and contains moreover many valuable magnetic and 
orographical observations. The Portion dealing with Mandelslo has a 
separate title and pagination. Bookseller's Note. Goethe described the 
work as "hochst erfreulich und belehrend." Olearius and Mandelslo 
parted at Ispahan, the latter proceeding on to India. 

1647 OLEARIUS, ADAM. Muskowitische oft begehrte Beschreibung der neu- 
en orientalischen Reise an den Konig yon Persien : item, ein Schreiben 
des J. A. Mandelslo, worinn eine Ostindianische Reise uber Oceanum 
enthalten. Fol. Sleswick. 

1665 VALLE, PIETRO DELLA. For a description of Persia see his The 
Travels of, under EAST INDIA. 

1673 OGILBY, JOHN. Asia, the first part, being an Accurate Description of 
Persia, the Vast Empire of the Great Mogul, and other Parts of India. 
. . . London. (See under EAST INDIES.) 

1678 TA VERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTE. The Six Voyages of Jean Baptiste 
Tavernier, Baron of Aubonnc, through Turkey into Persia and the 
East Indies, for the space of forty years; giving an Account of the 
Present State of those Countries, viz., of the Religion, Government, 
Customs, and Commerce, of every Country; and the Figures, Weights, 
and Value of the Money current all over Asia. To which is added, A 
New Description of the Seraglio; made English by J(ohn) P(hillips). 
With a Description of the Kingdoms which encompass the Euxin and 
Caspian Seas, ... by an English Traveller: never before printed. 
Fol. London. 

For further detail see under EAST INDIES. A modern French edition of 
the portion relating to Persia, published by Pascal Pia, 4to, Paris, 1931. 

1684 STRUYS, JEAN. For his travels through Tartary see his Voyages and 
Travels through Muscovia, etc., under GENERAL TRAVELS AND 
DESCRIPTIONS 

1686 CHARDIN, SIR JOHN. Travels into Persia and the East-Indies, the 
first volume containing the Author's Voyage from Paris to Ispahan : to 
which is added, the Coronation of this Present King of Persia, Soly- 
man the Third. Portrait, map, and numerous plates. Fol. London. 



250 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Later English editions: 2 vols., 4to, London, 1711; London, 1724; the portion 
on Persia in Harris II, 862-876; reprinted in abstract in Pinkerton VIII, 138-167; 
Argonaut Press, London, 1925. In French, 2 vols., London, 1686 ; 2 vols., Amster- 
dam and Lyons, 1686; these editions contain only the journey from Paris to Is- 
pahan. Other parts of his travels were published entire in the edition of Am- 
sterdam, 10 vols., 1711; 10 vols., Paris, 1723. An enlarged edition, 4 vols., Amster- 
dam, 1735 For some of these see below. 

Chardin was a Huguenot who was forced to emigrate to England. He was 
knighted by Charles II and on his death was buried in Westminster Abbey. His 
first visit to the East was made in 1665, at the age of twenty-two, when he both 
gratified a love of travelling and carried on his trade as a dealer in jewels. His 
more important voyage was made in 1671. His route differed from that usually 
taken by travellers to the East Indies in that he proceeded by way of the Black 
Sea and the countries bordering thereon. His account of the Persian court and 
of his business transactions with the Shah are of great interest. Sir William Jones 
regarded his narrative as the best yet published on the Mohammedan nations. 

1744_48 CHARDIN, SIR JOHN. The Travels of Sir John Chardin, by the 
Way of the Black Sea, through the Countries of Circassia, Mingrelia, 
the Country of the Abcas, Georgia, Armenia, and Media, into Persia 
Proper ; with a very curious and accurate Account not only of the Coun- 
tries through which he travelled but of the Manners and Customs, Re- 
ligion and Government, Commerce and Inclinations of the several Na- 
tions that inhabit them ; Relations so much the more curious, as these 
Countries, and the People, dwelling in them, had not been tolerably de- 
scribed before by any Author. In Harris II, 862-876. 

1686 (In French.) Journal du Chevalier Chardin en Perse, et aux Indes-Orien- 
tales, par la Mer-Noire. Londres. 

1723 (In French.) Voyages en Perse et autres lieux de 1'Orient. 77 plates and 
1 map. 10 vols. Paris. 

1687 THEVENOT, JEAN. For his travels in Persia see his Travels into the 
Levant, Part II, under NEAR EAST. 



1689 HELIOGENES DEL EPY. A Voyage into Tartary ; containing a curious 
Description of that Country, with part of Greece and Turkey ; the Man- 
ners, Opinions, and Religion, of the Inhabitants therein; with some 
other Incidents. London, 1689. 

The date 1688 is also given for this work. 

1695 SANSON, . The Present State of Persia; with a faithful Account 

of the Manners, Religion, and Government of that People. Illus. 
Done into English by John Savage. 12mo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1695. See below. 

In his preface the author says : "I was sent to Persia in 1683 to work in the 
Missions. ... I had access to the Palace such as was not accorded to the great 
Lords of Persia ; I assisted at all the audiences that the king gave, and I had my 
place at the festivals." Quoted. 

1695 SANSON, . Voyage ou Relation de 1'Etat Present du Royaume de 

Perse. Avec une dissertation curieuse sur les Moeurs, Religion et Gouv- 
ernement de cet Etat. 6 copperplates of views and costumes. 12mo. 
Paris. 



CENTRAL ASIA 251 

1698 FRYER, JOHN. For his travels into Persia see his New Account of 
Bast-India <md Persia, under EAST INDIES. 

1715 STEVENS, JOHN (Captain). The History of Persia, containing a curi- 
ous Account of India, China, Tartary, Kermon, Arabia, . . , and the 
Manners and Customs of those People, Persian Worshippers of Fire. 
... To which is added, An Abridgement of the Lives of the Kings of 
Harrnuz, or Ormuz. The Persian History written in Arabick, by Mir- 
kond, . . . that of Ormuz, by Torunxe, . . . both of them translated 
into Spanish, by Antony Teixeira, . . . and now rendered into English 
by Captain John Stevens. Frontispiece, 8vo. London. 

For Teixeira see also under 1901, NEAR EAST, and Stevens, 1708-1710, 
EAST INDIES. 

1720 LE BRUN, CORNELIUS. Voyage to the Levant and Travels into Mos- 
covey, Persia and the East-Indies. Numerous cuts. 3 vols. London. 

The edition of Le Brim of 1702 contained his travels into the Levant. See 
under NEAR EAST, this date. An edition limited to his travels in Persia and 
the East Indies in 2 vols., London, 1737; another edition, fol., translated by M. 
Powis, London, 1759. The French original of these travels, Amsterdam, 1718. 
See below. 

1737 LE BRUN, CORNELIUS. Travels into Muscovy, Persia, and part of 
the East-Indies. Containing an accurate Description of whatever is most 
remarkable in those Countries. To which is added, An Account of the 
Journey of Mr. Isbrants, Ambassador from Moscovy, through Russia 
and Tartary to China ; together with Remarks on the Travels of Sir 
John Chardin and Mr. Kaempfer, and a Letter written to the Author 
on that Subject. Translated from the original French. Portrait, 3 
maps, 131 plates, and numerous engravings in the text. 2 vols. Fol. 
London. 

1759 LE BRUN, CORNELIUS. A new and more correct Translation than has 
been hitherto published of Mr. Cornelius Le Brun's Travels into Mus- 
covey, Persia and divers parts of the East-Indies. Portrait and 47 
illus. Fol. London. 

This translation is by M. Powis. 

1718 LE BRUN, CORNEILLE. Voyage de Corneille Le Brun par la Mos- 
covie, en Perse, et aux Indes Orientales. 2 vols. Fol. Amsterdam. 

This edition also contains Isbrant's route as welt as the remarks 
on Chardin and Kaempfer. 

1722-23 LANGE, LAURENCE. For an account of Tartary see his Travels 
through Russia to China and Siberia, under FAR EAST. 

1723 CHEREFEDDIN ALL The History of Timur-Bec, known by the Name 
of Tamerlain the Great, Emperor of the Moguls and Tartars : being 
an historical Journal of his Conquests in Asia and Europe. Written in 



252 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Persian by Cherefeddin All, his Contemporary. Translated into French 
by Petis de la Croix, now rendered into English. Maps. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

1727 An Historical Account of the Revolutions in Persia in the Years 1722-25. 
. . . Together with a Relation of the Miseries occasioned by the Siege 
of Ispahan. . . . Written by a French Missionary . . . , To which is 
prefix'd a Genealogical Account of the Royal Family of Persia by the 
Translator. 8vo. London. 

1729-1730 General History of the Turks, Moguls and Tatars, vulgarly called 
Tartars; together with a Description of the Countries they Inhabit. 
2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1730 ABU'L GHAZI. The Genealogical History of the Tatars. Translated 
from the Tatar manuscript written in the Mogul Language by Abu'l 
Ghazi Bahader, Khan of Khowarazm, containing the Antiquities of 
the Moguls and Tatars from Adam. A curious description of all the 
Tribes into which the Turkish Nation is divided, the Life of Zinghiz 
Khan the Great and his successors. With a complete History of the 
Uzbek Khans, the Khans of Great Bukharia from the first Conquest of 
those countries to the Death of Abu'l Ghazi in 1663. The whole made 
English. Map. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

The author dying in 1663, his son and successor, Anusha Mahomet, supplied 
what \\as left to he done in 1665. This history, he tells us, was extracted from 
books on the subject and partly from particular Memoirs of divers Mogul tribes. 

1736 KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT. Travels in Persia, and other Countries 
of the East. 2 vols. London. 

Cited by Pinkerton XVII, who adds, "these are both works of great merit 
and scarcity." 

1736-38 STRAHLENBURG, PHILIP JOHANN VON. For his account of 
Great Tartary see his Historic o-Geo graphical Description of the North 
and Eastern Parts of Europe, under EAST EUROPE. 



1739 Persepolis Illustrata; or, Account of the Ancient and Royal Palace of 
Persepolis in Persia, destroyed by Alexander the Great ; with partic- 
ular Remarks concerning that palace, and an Account of the ancient 
authors ; illustrated and described in 21 copper-plates. Fol. London. 



CENTRAL ASIA 253 

1742 FRASER, JAMES. The History of Nadir Shah, formerly called Tham- 
as Kuli Khan, the present Emperor of Persia; to which is prefixed a 
short History of the Moghol Emperors. Map. 8vo. London. 

SPILMAN, JAMES. A Journey through Russia into Persia; by Two 
English Gentlemen, who went in the Year 1739, from Petersburgh in 
order to make a Discovery how the Trade from Great Britain might 
be carried on from Astracan over the Caspian. To which is annexed, 
A Summary Account of the Rise of the famous Kouli Kan (i. e., Na- 
dir Shah), and his Successes, till he seated himself on the Persian 
Throne. 8vo. London. 



A Copious and circumstantial Description of the Great Empire of Persia, 
its Situation, Extent, Distribution of its Provinces, Climate, Rivers, 
Seas, Soil, Produce, and the chief Cities throughout the Country, so as 
to afford a perfect Idea of its Condition, in past and present Times. 
Collected from the Writings of the most famous Travellers, particular- 
ly from those of Herbert, Chardin, Tavernier, Thevenot, Le Brim, and 
others, their several Remarks and Observations being all digested into 
a regular and easy Method. In Harris II, 876-891. 

1744-48 Of the Disposition and Temper of the Persians, their Persons, Habits, 
Manner of Living, their Artifices and Mechanicks, the Respect paid to 
Merchants, the Methods in which their Inland Trade is carried on, 
the past and present State of the English Commerce, and other Par- 
ticulars, together with some curious Observations on the Nature of 
the silk Trade, and a Computation of the annual Balance in Favour of 
Persia. Collected as well from private Memoirs, as from Accounts 
that have been published. In Harris II, 891-897. 

Containing an Account of the Government and Constitutions of Persia, the 
Nature of the Shah's Power, the Distribution of Civil, Ecclesiastical 
and Military Offices, the interior Policy of the Empire, the regular 
Forces kept there, both Horse and Foot, and the Nature and Amount 
of the publick Revenues. The Whole digested into Order from the 
Best Authorities. In Harris II, 897-906. 

A succinct View of the Persian History from the earliest Accounts down to 
the present Time ; in which is contained a concise Representation of the 
several remarkable Revolutions in that Empire, ancient and modern, 
the Conquests thereof by several Nations, and the Succession of their 



254 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

respective Monarchs, so as is necessary to illustrate what has been de- 
livered in the foregoing sections. Collected as well from the Oriental 
Writers, as from the Greek and Latin Historians. In Harris II, 907- 
917. 



1745-47 Accounts of Independent Tartary. Abstract in Astley IV, 476-514. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton VIII, 310-385. 

ASCELIN, Friar. The Travels of Friar Ascelin and his Companions, 
towards the Tartars in 1247. Generalized account in Astley IV, 550-552. 

This relation is taken from the Memoirs of Friar Simon de St. Quintin, in- 
serted in the 32nd Book of Speculum Historiale of Vincent of Beauvais. Purchas 
has also made an abstract of it. These friars were sent on an embassy from the 
Pope to solicit more mercy from the Tartars towards the Christians. But their 
embassy was fruitless; even they themselves were subjected to maltreatment. 

A General Description of Tartary, subject to China. Taken from various 
sources. In Astley IV, 348-362. 

A General Description of Western Tartary. Taken from various sources, 
some of them freely translated from the French. In Astley IV, 367- 
449. 

A General Description of Turkestan, taken from various sources. In Ast- 
ley IV, 536-541. 

A generalized Description of Great Bukharia from various sources. In 
Astley IV, 514-525. Followed by a brief description of Little Bukharia, 
or the Kingdom of Kashgar. In Astley IV, 526-536. 

A generalized Description of the Kingdom of Karazm from various 
sources. In Astley IV, 476-514; 552-580. 

JENKINSON, ANTHONY. The Voyages and Travels of Anthony 
Jenkinson from Russia to Boghar, or Bokhara in 1577. Abstract in 
Astley IV, 632-642. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton VIII, 386-394. Published by the Hakluyt Society for 
1885. Translated into French in Thevenot's Collection, Part I. See below. Also 
found in Hakluyt and Purchas. 

Jenkinson, an intelligent merchant, was sent by the Muscovy Company, by 
way of Russia, to discover the road to Bokhara and to settle a trade, if conven- 
ient and advantageous, in that country. He left Gravesend in 1557. Sailing around 
Norway he arrived at St. Nicholas in Russia and proceeded thence to Moscow. 
Having obtained letters from the Czar to several princes, he travelled on with 



CENTRAL ASIA 255 

three servants to Bokhara. He afterwards made three voyages to Russia, on one 
of them as Ambassador from Queen Klizabeth to the Russian Court. 

1885 JENKINSON, ANTHONY. Early Voyages and Travels to Russia and 
Persia. By Anthony Jenkinson and other Englishmen, with some ac- 
count of the first Intercourse of the English with Russia and Central 
Asia by way of the Caspian Sea. Edited by Edward Dclmar Morgan 
and Charles Henry Coote. 2 maps and 2 illus. 2 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. 
I, vols. 72-73. London. 

1666 (In French.) Voyage d'Antoine Jenkinson, pour dccouvrir le Chemin de 
Catay par la Tartarie, ccrit par lui-meme aux Marchands Anglais de 
la Compagnie de Moscou, qui 1'aboient de faire ce voyage (en 1558). 
In Thevenot. Paris. 

RUBRUQUIS, WILLIAM DE. For the Travels of William de Ru- 
bruquis to Tartary and to China see under FAR EAST. For those of 
Carpini see likewise this date under FAR EAST. 

1746 CEREAU, J. K. DU. Nadir-Shah (Vely Neamen: formerly called Tha- 
mus Kuli Khan: usurper of Persia). The Compleat History of, I. 
Containing a Description of the Persian Empire, the Lives of Cyrus 
and his Dcscendents (sic) ; II. Containing a Description of the Empire 
of Indostan, some Account of all the Great Moguls from Tamerlane, 
. . . written in French (by J. K. du Cereau), and rendered into English. 
2nd edit., with Appendix. Portrait of Nadir-Shah by Boitard and 
map. 12mo. London. 

Published in the year preceding the death of this terrible murderer, blinder 
of his own son, and massacrer of the people of Delhi, where he captured booty 
amounting to 20,000,000, and including the Koh-i-nur diamond. Sotheran. 

1753 HANWAY, JONAS. An Historical Account of the British Trade over 
the Caspian Sea, with the Author's Journals of Travels through Rus- 
sia into Persia, and back through Russia, Germany and Holland, to 
which are added, the Revolutions of Persia during the Present Century, 
with the History of Nadir Kouli. Numerous plates of views, por- 
traits, and maps. 4 vols. in 3. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., revised, 2 vols., 4to, London, 1754; also in Dublin, 1754; 3rd edit., 
revised and corrected^ 2 vols, 4to, London, 1762. A Life by John Pugh, London, 
1787. Translated into German, Hamburg, 1754 See below. 

Hanway was a well known traveller and philanthropist, popularly remembered 
as the pioneer user of the umbrella. Readers of Boswell will recall Johnson's 
severe criticism of his essay attacking tea-drinking. As a partner of a St. Peters- 
burg merchant, he made a journey in 1743 down the Volga and by the Caspian Sea 
to Persia with a caravan of woolen goods, and returned in 1745 by the same 
route after many perilous adventures. He reached London in 1750. He later filled 
several public positions, and had a street named after him in London and a monu- 
ment erected to him in Westminster Abbey. Dr. Johnson said of him, "that he 
acquired a reputation travelling abroad, but lost it all by travelling at home." 
This was in reference to his "Eight Days' " trip in England. There is a pleasant 
essay on him by Austin Dobson in Eighteenth Century Vignettes. 



256 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1754 HANWAY, JONAS. An Historical Account of the British Trade over 
the Caspian Sea, with a Journal of Travels from London into Persia 

and back, with an Account of the Revolution of Persia, containing 
the Reign of Shah Sultan Hussein, the Invasion of the Afghans, the 
Reigns of Sultans Mir Maghmud and Ashreff, the History of the 
celebrated Nadir Shah, and of Adil Shah, and a Chronological abridge- 
ment of the Persian Monarchy from its foundations. Maps, plates 
and vignettes. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

1787 PUGH, JOHN. Remarkable Occurrences in the Life of Jonas Hanway, 
comprehending his Travels in Russia and Persia, with several Anec- 
dotes. 8vo. London. 

1754 (In German.) Beschreibung seines Reisen von London durch Russland 
und Persien und wieder zuriick durch Russland, Deutschland und Hol- 
land, 1742-1750. Worinnen die Gross brittanische Handlung liber die Cas- 
pische See und iiberhaupt das Handlungenswesen von Russland, Persien, 
von Tartarey, Turkey, von Armenien, China, . . . beschrieben. 2 Teile 
in I Band. 8 maps, 5 plates, and 9 vignettes. 4to. Hamburg. 

1763 BELL, JOHN (of Auchtermony). Travels from St. Petersburg in Rus- 
sia, to divers Parts of. Asia. Folding map. 2 vols. 4to. Glasgow. 

Later editions: 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1764; 2 vols., 4to, Glasgow, 1788; re- 
printed in Pinkerton VII, 271-516. Translated into French, Paris, 1766; into 
German, Hamburg, 1787. See below. 

This work contains a Journey to Ispahan in 1715-18, in the suite of Artemy 
Petrovich Valaisky, Russian Ambassador to the Shah Hussein ; to Pekin in 1719, 
with the Ambassador sent by Peter the Great to Kang-Hi, emperor of China; to 
Defbent in Persia in 1722 with the Russian army, commanded by the Czar in per- 
son ; and to Constantinople in 1737-38, at the order of the Chancellor of Russia 
and the English Ambassador at the Court of Russia. The 1788 edition includes the 
Journal of De Lange in 1721-22 at Pekin. 'This work is the best model for travel- 
writing in the English Language." Quarterly Review, quoted by Lowndes. 

1766 (In French.) Voyages depuis St. Petersbourg en Russie dans diverses 
contrees de 1'Asie. On y a joint une description de la Sibene. Traduit 
de 1'anglais par M , . . 3 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

1787 (In German.) Reisen von Petersburg in verschiedene Gegenden Asiens. 
Aus dem Englischen. Hamburg. 

1770 COOK, JOHN (M.D., of Hamilton). Voyage and Travels through the 
Russian Empire, Tartary and Persia. 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

1772 BRUCE, PETER HENRY. For an account of his travels in Tartary, see 
Memoirs of Peter Henry Bruce, under GENERAL TRAVELS AND 
DESCRIPTIONS. 



1773 IVES, EDWARD. For his journey from Persia to England see his A 
Voyage from England to India, under EAST INDIES. 

1787 HAMILTON, C. Historical Relation of the Rohillas, the Afghans, and 
Persia. London. 



CENTRAL ASIA 257 

1790 FRANKLIN, WILLIAM. Observations made on a Tour from Bengal 
to Persia; with a short Account of the Remains of the celebrated Pal- 
ace of Persepolis, in the years 1786-87. London. 

Extracts from this work relating to the northern part of Persia in Pinkerton 
VIII, 279-309. 

1792 NIEBUHR, CARSTEN. For his travels in Persia and Hindustan see his 
Travels through Arabia, under NEAR EAST. 

1798 FORSTER, GEORGE. For his travels through Afghanistan, Persia, and 

into Russia by the Caspian Sea, see his A Journey from Bengal to 
England, under EAST INDIES. 

1799 Concise Account of some natural Curiosities of Malharn (in Persia). 

London. 



1800 EBN HAUKAL. The Oriental Geography of Ebn Haukal, an Arabian 
Traveller of the tenth Century. Translated by Sir William Ouseley. 
4to. London. 

The translator, an orientalist, was secretary to his brother, Sir Gore Ouse- 
ley, Bart , Ambassador Extraordinary to the Court of Persia. 



ADDENDA 

1808-1814 An Account of the Government and Constitution of Persia from va- 
rious sources. In Pinkerton VII, 212-236. 

The Disposition and Temper of the Persians, . . . from various sources and 
Memoirs. In Pinkerton VIII, 199-211. 

A General Description of Persia from various writings, "their several Re- 
marks and Observations being all digested into a regular and easy 
Method." In Pinkerton VIII, 168-198. 

1860 CLAVIJO, RUY GONZALEZ DE. Narrative of the Embassy of Ruy 
Gonzalez de Clavijo to the Court of Timour, at Samarkand, A.D. 14O3- 
06. Translated for the first time with Notes, a Preface and an Intro- 



258 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

ductory Life of Timour Beg, by Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B., 
F.R.S., ex-Pres. R.G.S. Map. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 26. London. 

A modern edition, London, 1928. Spanish original, Seville, 1582. See below. 

The account of the journey of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo, in his embassy to the 
court of Timour, at Samarkand, is the oldest Spanish narrative of travels of any 
value ... It is interesting as the first of a long series of chronicles of Spanish 
voyages and travels in every quarter of the globe, when Spain was at the height 
of her glory. Sir C. R. Markham, Preface to the Hakluyt Society edition. 

1928 CLAVIJO, RUY GONZALEZ DE. Embassy to Tamerlane, 1403-06. 
Translated from the Spanish by G. Le Strange, with an Introduction, 
Maps. Broadway Travellers. London. 

1582 CLAVIJO, RUY GONCALEZ DE. Historia del Gran Tamorlan e Itin- 
rario y Enarracion del Viage y relacion de la Embaxada que Ruy 
Goncalez de Clavijo le hizo, por maiidado del muy poderoso Scnor 
Rey Don Henrique el Tercero de Castilla. Y un breve discurso fecho 
por Goncalo Argato de Molina, . . . Fol. Seville. 

1870 SALIL-IBN-RAZIK. History of the Imams and Seyyids of 'Oman, by 
Salil-Ibn-Razik, from A.D. 661-1856. Translated from the original 
Arabic, and edited, with a continuation of the History down to 1870, 
by the Rev. George Percy Badger, F.R.G.S. Map. Bibliography. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 44. London. 

1873 BARBARO, JOSAFA, and CONTARINI, AMBROGIO. Travels to 
Tana and Persia. By Josafa Barbaro and Ambrogio Contarini. Trans- 
lated from the Italian by William Thomas, Clerk of the Council to Ed- 
ward VI, and by E. A. Roy, and Edited with Introduction by Lord 
Stanley Alderley ... A Narrative of Italian Travels in Persia, in the 
Fifteenth and Sixteenth centuries. Translated and edited by Charles 
Grey. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 49. London. 

According to D. N. B. Thomas's translation of Barbaro, dedicated to Edward 
VI, was published in 1551. There is an Italian edition put out at Venice in 1543. 
See below. 

1543 BARBARO, JOSAFA, and CONTARINI, AMBROGIO. Viaggi fatti in 

Tana in Persia, in India, et in Cons tan tinopoli, con la dcscrizione par- 

ticulare di citta, luoghi, siti, costumi, e della Porta del Gransuo, e della 
ultima impresa contra Portughesi. In Vinegia, nell* anno M.D. XLIII 
nella Casa di Aldo. 8vo. Venice. 

According to Pinker ton, this small collection is very scarce. It was 
subsequently inserted in the large collection of Ramusio, and trans- 
lated into Latin in the Scriptores Rerum Persicarum, Frankfort, 1607, 
by Antonio Minutio. The work contains the travels of Gasparo Con- 
tarino, who in 1473 visited Mingrelia, Georgia, Persia, Tartary, and 
Russia; two journies of Giuseppe Barbaro, two of Alevigi, and two 
anonymous travels. 

1902 HAMD-ALLAH MUSTAWFI. Description of Persia and Mesopotamia 
in the year 1340 A.D. from the Nuzhat-al-Kulub of Hamd-Allah Mus- 
tawfi. By G. Le Strange. 8vo. London. 



CENTRAL ASIA 259 

1924 WESSELS, C. Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia (1603-1721). 
Folding map and 5 plates. 8vo. The Hague. 

1926 DON JUAN OF PERSIA (a Shi'ah Catholic, 1560-1604). Translated 
and edited, with an Introduction, by G. L,e Strange. 3 maps. 8vo. 
Broadway Travellers. London. 

An edition in Spanish in 3 vols., 4to, Valladolid, 1604. 

A translation of the Relaciones of Don Juan, formerly Uruch Beg, a Shi'ah 
Moslem. He was one of the secretaries to the Persian Ambassador whom Shah 
Abbas sent to the princes of Europe under the guidance and personal conduct of 
Sir Anthony Sherley. The book described Persia and its Government, the wars 
between Persians and Turks, and the Journey from Ispahan into the countries of 
the west. Bookseller's Note. 

1929 ANDRADA, RUY FREYRE DE. For the coast of Persia and Arabia 
see under 1664, EAST INDIES. 



X 

East Indies 

1499 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. For his asserted description of the "mar- 
veyles of Inde," see under FAR EAST. 

In his Travels and Travellers in India A.D 1400-1700, Oaten quotes Sir George 
Birwood : "He speaks of 'the marvyles of Inde,' but it is certain he was never 
there. He may be described as the father of English sensation writers, and is 
not to be trusted even when he may be telling the truth." 

1577 EDEN, RICHARD. For a description of the "Countreys lying eyther 
way towardes the fruitfull and ryche Moluccaes," see his The History 
of Travayle in the West and Bast Indies, under COLLECTIONS. 

VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DL The Navigation and Vyages of Lewes 
Vertomannus Gentleman of the Citie of Rome, to the Regions of 
Arabia, Egypte, Persia, Syria, Ethiopia, and East Indies, both within 
and without the River Ganges, ... in the Yeere 1503. Conteyning many 
notable and straunge thinges, both hystoricall and natural!. Translated 
out of Latine into Englyshe by Richard Eden in the Yeere 1576. 4to. 
London. 

This translation is included in the History of Travayle of Eden's listed above 
as finished by Richard Willes. An abridged version appeared in Purchas, 1625. 
Modern reprints: Hakluyt Society, London, 1863; Aungervyle Society, London, 
1884; Argonaut Press, London, 1928 Italian original, Rome, 1510, and many 
later translations in Spanish, French, German, and Italian, besides being included 
in various collections. See below. 

Varthcma \vai> a real traveller whose driving purpose was to see the sights. 
His reports on the social and political conditions of the various lands he visited 
are reliable as being gathered from personal contact with places and peoples, and 
are rich in the personal adventures of the author. His account of the overland 
trade is of great value in that we are made to see it before it had begun to give 
way to the all-seas route. He left Europe in 1502 and India in 1507. He returned 
home in a Portuguese ship commanded by Tristan d'Acunha. Among the places 
he visited in his East Indian voyage were Cambay, Calicut, Vijayanagar, Ceylon, 
Pegu, Malacca, Sumatra, and Borneo He even heard of a southern continent 
and of a region of intense cold and very short days, being the first European 
probably after Marco Polo to bring back the rumor of Terra Australts. See 
Oaten, Early Travels and Travellers in India. 

1863 VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DI. The Travels of Ludovico de Varthema 
in Egypt, Syria, Arabia, Persia, India, and Ethiopia, A.D. 1503 to 1508. 
Translated from the original Italian edition of 1510, with a Preface 
by John Winter Jones, Esq., F.S.A., and edited, with notes and intro- 
duction, by George Percy Badger, late Government Chaplain in the 
Presidency of Bombay. Map. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 32. London. 

1884 VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DI. Reprint of Eden's Edition, privately 

printed for the Aungervyle Society. 8vo. London. 



(260) 



EAST INDIES 261 

1928 VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DI. The Itinerary of Ludovico di Var- 
thema of Bologna, from 1502 to 1508, as translated from the original 
Italian Edition of 1510, by John Winter Jones, F.S.A., in 1863, for 
the Hakluyt Society, with a Discourse on Varthema and his Travels 
in Southern Asia by Sir Richard Carnac Temple, Bt. 4to. Argonaut 
Press. London. 

1510 VARTHEMA, LUDOVICO DI. Itinerario de Ludovico di Varthema nel- 
lo Egypto, nella Suria, nella Arabia Deserta et Felice, nella Persia, 
nella India et nella Ethiopia . . . 4to. Rome. 

1579 POLO, MARCO. Polo has something to say on India. See his Travels 
under FAR EAST. 



1582 CASTANHEDA, FERNANDO LOPEZ DE. The First Booke of the 
Historic of the Discouerie and Conquest of the East Indies, enter- 
prised by the Portingales, in their daungerous Nauigations, in the Time 
of King Don John the Second . . . Set foorth in the Portingale language 
by Hernan Lopes de Castanheda. And Now Translated into English 
by N(icholas) L(ichfield), Gentleman. 4to. London. 

Portuguese original, Coimbra, 1552-54. See below. 

Castanheda, unlike Varthema, was an historian rather than a traveller. He 
states in his prologue that he had been in the Indies, and while there had taken 
pains to inform himself of everything relating to the new discoveries. He also 
declares that there were no more than four persons living (among them himself) 
who had any knowledge thereof ; and that had those persons died, the memory of 
those great achievements might have been buried in oblivion. The above is the 
first book only of Castanheda's History, but it is the only part published in Eng- 
land. Lichfield, who dedicates his translation to Sir Francis Drake, professes to 
have translated it from the Portuguese, which he certainly did not do. As the text 
of the first volume existed already in a Spanish and a French version, he may 
have used either. The author's prologue as given in the Spanish is an abridge- 
ment of the Portuguese prologue, and it agrees closely with Lichfield's English. 
Quaritch. Although relating principally to the East Indies, it contains interesting 
particulars of the Portuguese conquests in Brazil. Maggs, No. 479. 

1552-54 CASTANHEDA, FERNANDO LOPEZ DE. Historia do descobri- 
mento e conquista da India, pelos Portuguezes, feyta por Fernando Lo- 
pez de Castanheda, e approvada pelos senhores deputados da sane t a 
Inquisicao. 4to. Coimbra. 

1588 FREDERICI, CESARE. The Voyage and Travaile of M. C. Frederici, 
Merchant of Venys into the Easte India and Indyes and beyond the 
Indyes, . . . Translated by T. Hickok from the Italian original of 1587. 
4to. London. 

Reprinted in Hakluyt and in Purchas. Italian original, Venice, 1587. Sec 
below. 

Caesar de Federici, as his name is rightly spelled, set out from Venice for 
the East Indies in 1563 and arrived home again in 1581. He visited the chief 
trading cities of the Portuguese as well as the established centers of Hindu power 
and commerce. The great capital of the southern Hindus, long a bulwark against 
the Moslem invasions, namely, Vijiyanagar, which he called "Bezeneger," had 
been practically destroyed by the Mohammedans on their last assault two years 
before. After touching at Ceylon, he went up the east coast of India and on to 



262 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

other places outside of India. His description of the practice of suttee is one of 
the best of the early accounts. From Oaten, Early Travels and Travellers in 
India. 

1587 FEDERICI, CAESAR DE. Viaggio nell' India Orientale. Venice. 

1598 An addition to the Sea Journall ; or Navigation of the Hollanders into Java, 
with a Vocabulary of Words used at St. Laurence (i. e., Madagascar). 
4to. London. 



An information of the Kingdomme and State of the great King of Mogor, 
. . . London. 

Entered in the Stationers' Register under date of 1597, 

HOUTMAN, CORNELIUS. The Description of a Voyage made by cer- 
taine Ships of Holland into the East Indies. With their Adventures 
and Successe : Together with the Description of the Countries, Townes, 
and Inhabitants of the same. Who set forth on the second of April 
1595, and returned on the 14 of August 1597. Translated out of Dutch 
into English by W. P(hillip). Woodcut maps and illus. 4to. London. 

There is a date of 1597 cited in the Stationers' Register for this item. Re- 
printed in Hakluyt and Purchas ; in Osborne II, 393-431 (with some errors in 
pagination), whose account differs from that printed by Purchas and Harris; in 
Harris I, 925-926. A Dutch version, Amsterdam, 1598, is listed by Pinkerton XVII 
under the name of Houtman. See below and also the Introduction to the Hak. 
Soc., ser. I, vol. 54. 

Sometimes this work is cited under the name of Bernardt Langhenez, the 
Dutch publisher. Lowndes calls him the writer of the work. Langhenez, who at 
any rate was not the voyager, states that as this description fell into his hands 
"wherein is contained the first voyage of the Low-countrymen into the East-Indies, 
with the adventures happened unto them ... I thought it good to put it into 
print, with many pictures and cards," etc. From the Osborne version. This is 
one of the rarest of the Elizabethan travel books, containing the account of the 
first Dutch voyage to the East, which, as the author states on his second page, 
was undertaken in emulation of the famous English navigators Sir Fraunces Drake 
and Mr Candish. Visits were made to the Cape of Good Hope, Madagascar, Su- 
matra, Java, and the Moluccas. Only a few copies of this work are now known 
to exist. Maggs, No. 519. The failure of the Barents expedition to open up a 
route to the East by way of the North East Passage led the Dutch to attempt 
reaching the East by way of the Cape Route. The expedition consisting of four 
ships under the command of Cornells Houtman arrived at Bantam in Java in 1596, 
where they tried to get a cargo of spices. But hostilities with the Portuguese 
arose and the fleet was compelled to sail on. The circumnavigation of Java was 
the first recorded attempt of this kind by any European vessel. Much knowledge 
of the regions later to become the exclusive territory of the Dutch resulted from 
the voyage. 

1598 HOUTMANN, CORNELIUS. De erste Schep-vaert gedaen van de Hol- 
landers naar Oost-Indien. 4to. Amsterdam. 



EAST INDIES 263 

LINSCHOTEN, JOHN HUYGHEN VAN. His Discours of Voyages 
into ye Easte and West Indies. Deuided into Foure Bookes. Engraved 
title and 12 folding maps with English inscriptions. 4to. London. 

Reprinted by the Hakluyt Society, London, 1884 ; a portion in Beazley's Voy- 
ages and Travels, vol II, London, 1903. Dutch original, Amsterdam, 1595-96. 

See below. There was a German translation in 1598, two Latin versions in 1599, 
and one in French in 1610, with numerous subsequent editions in various languages. 

The title-page was designed and engraved by William Rogers, of London, the 
first Englishman known to have practiced the art of engraving on copper. John 
Carter Brown It is extremely difficult to get perfect copies of this work. It was 
of such great value to navigators at the time of its publication that it was used on 
many vessels as a log-book, with the consequence that maps became missing, and 
the work soiled and torn. Quaritch. 

The comprehensive and useful nature of the work can best be judged from a 
detailed description of its contents The first book gives Linschotcn's relation of 
his starting for the peninsula in 1579, his taking service in 1580 with a German 
nobleman travelling through Spain, his joining the Portuguese service for India 
in April, 1585, and his voyage to India, where he arrived in September of the 
same year The second book gives The True and perfect Description of the whole 
coast of Guinea, Manicongo, Angola, Monomotapa, and right ouer against them 
the Cape of S Augustin in Brasilia, with the compasse of the whole Ocean Seas, 
together with the Hands, as S. Thomas, S. Helena, and the Ascention, with all 
their hauenes, channels, depths, shallows, sands and grounds. Together with diners 
strange voyages made by the Hollanders: also the description of the inward partes 
of the same landes. Likewise a further Description of the Cards of Madagascar ; 
otherwise called the Hand of St. Laurence, . . . also the voiages that the Portin- 
gall Pilots haue made into all places of the Indies Extracted out of their Sea 
Cardcs, bookes, and notes of great experience. And translated into Dutch by I. 
Hughen van Linschoten. And now translated out of Dutch into English by 
W(illiam) P(hillip). The Thirde Booke. The Nauigation of the Portmgales 
into the East Indies, and from the East Indies into Portingall, also from the Por- 
tingall Indies to Malacca, China, lapon, the Hands of laua and Sunda, both to 
and fro, and from China to the Spanish Indies, ... as also of all the coast of 
Brasilia, and the Hauens thereof. With a Description of the Firme land and the 
Hands of the Spanish Indies lying before it, called Antillas, together with the 
Nauigation of Cabo de Lopo Gonsalues to Angola, in the coast of Ethiopia, with 
all the courses, Hauens, Hands, Depthes, Shallowes, . . . also the times of the 
yeares when the winds blow, with the true tokens and knowledge of the tides and 
the weather, water, and streames, in all the Orientall coasts and Hauens as they 
are obserued and set downe by the Kings Pilots, in their continuall and dayly 
Viages. . . . The Fourth Bookc. A most true and certaine Extract and Summarie 
of all the Rents, Demaines, Tollcs, Taxes, Impostes, Tributes, ... of the King 
of Spaine, throughout all his kingdoms, lands, Proumces, and Lordships, as they 
are collected out of the originall Registers of his Chamber of accompts. Together 
with a briefe and cleere description of the gouernmcnt, power and pedegree of 
the Kings of Portingall. Translated out of Spanish into Low Dutch by lohn 
Hughen of Linschoten. And out of Dutch into English by W. P. 

These surveys of commerce and trade routes, along with the translations of 
original Spanish and Portuguese documents on geography, statistics, navigation, 
etc., made this work of supreme importance to other nations. By showing the 
rottenness and inner weakness of the Portuguese administration of the East Indies, 
the work also stimulated the Dutch and English to attempt to gain advantages for 
themselves. 

1884 LINSCHOTEN, JOHN HUYGHEN VAN. The Voyage of John Huy- 
ghen van Linschoten to the East Indies. From the English translation 
of 1598. The First Book containing his Description of the East. In 
Two Volumes, edited, the First Volume, by the late Arthur Coke Bur- 
nell, Ph.D M C.I.E. ; the Second Volume, by Pieter Anton Tiele. Hak. 
Soc., ser. I, vols. 70-71. London. 

1903 LINSCHOTEN, JOHN HUYGHEN VAN. Voyage to Goa and back, 
1583-1592, with his Account of the East Indies. In Beazley, Voyages 
and Travels, vol. II. London. 



264 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1595-% LiNSCHOTEN, JOHN HUYGHEN VAN. Itinerario. Voyage ofte 
schipvaert van J. H. van Linschoten naer Cost- ofte Portugaels In- 
dien, inh. een beschryvinghe der landen ende zee-custcn. Met aanw. 
van de voorn. havens, revieren, enz. tot noch toe van de Portugesen ont- 
dckt, waer bij ghevoecht contcrfeytsels van de habyten, drachten, tern- 
pels . . . boomen, vruchten, . . . verhalinge van de coophandclingcn enz. 
Reysegeschrift vande navigation der Portugaloysers in Orienten. 
Bebchnjvinghe van de gantsche custe Guinea, Manicongo, . . . ende 
tegenover de Cabo S. Augustijn in Brasilien. . . . Mitsg. de beschrijy- 
inge op de caerte van Madagascar, . . . Portrait, maps, etc. 3 vols. in 
1. Amsterdam. 



1599 A True Report of the gainefull, prosperous and speedy voiage to Java in 
the East Indies, performed by a fleete of eight Ships of Amsterdam, 
. . . 4to. London. 

An edition with another title, London, 1601. See below. 

This work describes the second voyage of the Dutch East India Company to 
the East Indies, made in 1598-99, under the command of Jacob van Neck, Wy brand 
van Warwijck, and Jacob Heemskerck. Maggs, No. 519. In 1598 a number of 
expeditions were fitted out by the merchants of various cities to secure the profits 
of the East India trade. This one under van Neck was financed by the merchants 
of Amsterdam. It reached Banda, Amboina, and the Moluccas, besides circumnav- 
igating Java. On the return trip some of the ships touched at the Island of 
Mauritius, which received its name on that occasion. A garden was planted there 
and fenced in for the benefit of future voyagers. From Heawood, Geographical 
Discovery in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. 

1601 NECK, JACOB VAN. The loyrnall, or dayly Register, contayning a 
trve Manifestation and historicall Declaration of the Voyage, accom- 
plished by eight Shippcs of Amsterdam, vndcr the Conduct of Jacob 
Corneliszen Neck Admirall, and Wybrandt van Warwick Vice-Admirall, 
which say led from Amsterdam the first day of March, 1598. Shewing 
the Covrse they kept, and what other notable Matters happened vnto 
them in the sayd Voyage. 4to. London. 

This was translated at the instance of Hakluyt by William Walker 

from the Dutch account of van Neck to the East, 1598. Reprinted in 
vol. V of the 1809-1812 edition of Hakluyt's Voyages. Parks. 

1603 A True and large Discourse of the Voyage of the whole Fleete of Ships 
set forth the 29th of April, 1601, by the Governor and Assistants of 
the East Indian Merchants of London, to the East Indies. Wherein 
is set down the order and manner of their Trafficke, the Description of 
the Cuntrey, the Nature of the People and their Language, with the 
Names of suche men as Died in the Voiage. 4to. London. 

This must be the first expedition sent out by the newly incorporated English 
East India Company under the command of Captain James Lancaster. Its object 
was to secure pepper by direct trading and thus circumvent the rise in price of 
this article which the Dutch had arbitrarily doubled. Only an indifferent amount 
was secured, but agents were left at Bantam and others dispatched to the Moluc- 
cas to establish a factory against the arrival of the next fleet from England. 
From Heawood, Geographical Discovery. 



EAST INDIES 265 

1604 ACOSTA, JOSEPH DE. The Natural and Morall Historic of the East 
and West Indies. See same under SOUTH AMERICA. 

SCOTT, EDMUND (Traveller). An Exact Discourse of the Subtilties, 
Fashi-shions, Pollicies, Religion, and Ceremonies of the East Indians, 
as well Chyneses as Javans, there abyding and dweling, Together with 
the manner of trading with those people, as well by us English as by 
the Hollanders : as also what happened to the English Nation at Ban- 
tam in the East Indies, since the 2. of February, 1602 untill the 6. of 
October, 1605. Whereunto is added a brief e Description of Java Ma- 
jor. Written by Edmund Scott, resident there, and in other places 
neere adjoyning, the space of three years arid a halfe. 4to. London. 

1606 MIDDLETON, SIR HENRY. The Last East-Indian Voyage. Contain- 
ing mvch varietie of the State of the seuerall Kingdomes where they 
haue traded : with the Letters of three seuerall Kings to the Kings 
Maiestie of England, begun by one of the Voyage: since continued 
out of the faith full obseruations of them that are come home. 4to. 
London, printed for Walter Burre. 

The early East India voyages made their first and only appearance in Pur- 
chas His Pilqrimes, with the exception of this one, which is misplaced and mu- 
tilated This edition of 1606 is practically the sole unmutilatcd specimen of Early 
East India voyages. Editor Hakluyt Society edition. Reprinted by the Hakluyt 
Society, London, 1856. Sec below. 

This is the original edition of Sir Henry Middleton's voyage to Bantam and 
the Molucca Islands. It is an account of the second voyage set forth by the 
Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies. . . . 
It includes letters from the Kings of Ternate, Tydore and Bantam. Walter Burre, 
for whom the book was printed, may be regarded as the writer of the work, as 
he seems to have taken the imperfect MS. of the original author, whose name he 
withholds, and to have completed it by means of information supplied to him by 
other members of the voyage Robinson, No. 19. The same vessels took part as 
were used in the first voyage of 1601-03. . . . "The returns nearly doubled the 
capital, a result which was rather due to successful privateering than to honest 
trading." From Maggs, No. 519. 

1856 MIDDLETON, SIR HENRY The Voyage of Sir Henry Middleton to 
Bantam and the Maluco Islands, Being the Second Voyage set forth 
by the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into 
the East Indies. From the edition of 1606 Annotated and edited by 
Bolton Corney, M.R.S.L 3 maps and 3 illus. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 19. 
London. 

1608 MATELIFF, CORNEL1S. An Historicall Description of the Voiage of 
the Admirall Cornelis Mateliff the yonger toward the East Indyes who 
Departed in May 1605. Item of the Siege before Malacca and the 
Sea Battell against the Portuguese Armada and other Discoveries. 
Translated out of the Dutch copie printed at Roterdam by John John- 
son Anno 1608. 4to. London. 

Dutch original, Rotterdam, 1608. See below. 



266 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1608 MATELIEF, CORNELIS. Historiale ende ware Beschrijvinge vande Reyse 
des Admiraels Cornelis Matelief . . . naer de Oost-Indien ; uytghetrocken 
in Mayo 1605. Mitsgaders de belagheringhe voor Malacca, . . . 4to. 
Rotterdam. 

1612 COVERTE, ROBERT (Captain). A True and Almost Incredible Report 
of an Englishman, that being cast away in the good Ship called the 
Ascension, in Cambaye, travelled by Land through many unknown 
Kingdoms, and great Cities. With a particular Description of all those 
Kingdoms, Cities and People ; As also a Relation of their Commodities, 
and Manner of Traffique; and what Seasons of the Year they are most 
in use; Faithfully related. With the Discovery of a great Emperor 
called the Great Mogul, a Prince not until now known to our English 
Nation. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Osborne II, 237-266; in Astley I, 336-344. Translated into Latin, 
Dutch, and German. For a Dutch version, Leyden, 1706, sec below. 

Coverte, who was steward on the Ascension and apparently had no right to the 
title of Captain, sailed from Plymouth March 31, 160/. His ship struck the bar 
going into Surat and foundered, but the crew escaped ashore in boats. When they 
arrived at Surat an English merchant assisted them to travel to the court of the 
Great Mogul at Agra. Coverte started for home from Agra in January, 1610, in 
company with several other Englishmen. Travelling by way of Candahar, Ispahan, 
and Bagdad (where one of them quitted the party), they reached Aleppo in 
December, and thence got by sea to England, arriving there in April, 1611. A 
long journey forsooth. There is another account of the voyage of the Ascension 
the fourth expedition sent out by the East India Company written by Thomas 
Jones and printed in Purchas. This voyage of Coverte's lays claim to two dis- 
coveries, one of the Great Mogul's country, the other of the Red Sea; it is full 
of mistakes, but contains some interesting details. See Introd. to John Jour damn's 
Journal, Hakluyt Society, under 1905 below. 

1706 (In Dutch.) Gedenkwaardige reys te lande door Indostan of Opper-Indien, 
Persien, Arabien, Asiatisch Turckyen, . . . Uyt het Engels. 1 map and 
2 plates. 8vo. Leyden. 

1615 MONFART, HENRY DE. An exact and curious Survey of all the East 

Indies, even to Canton, all duly performed by Land. Wherein also arc 
described the huge Dominions of the great Mogor. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Somer's Collection of Tracts, vol. III. Lowndes. This work is 
also listed under the name of Henri de Feynes. 

1616 CORYATE, THOMAS. Thomas Coriate. Traueller for the English 

Wits : Greeting. From the Court of the Great Mogvl, Resident at 
the Town of Asmere (Ajmir), in Eastern India. Woodcuts. 4to. 
London. 

This work has another title : Mr. T. Coriat to his Friends in England sendeth 
Greeting : from Agra, October, 1616. The book is extremely rare. 

This oddest of travellers is better known for his journies through Europe 
called Coryat's Crudities, published in 1611. See WEST EUROPE under that 
date. His presence in India was extremely embarrassing to Sir Thomas Roe, the 
English representative in India, who feared that his countryman would injure the 
prestige of the English by some unconventional performance. Roc's fears were well 



EAST INDIES 267 

founded, for it was not long before Coryat delivered an oration to the Great 
Mogul, who threw him a hundred rupees. Another time he nearly met death at 
hte hands of a native mob by proclaiming, when the muezzin called to prayers, 
that Mohammed was an impostor. He in turn was greatly vexed when he heard 
that King James had remarked, on learning that Coryat was in India, "Is that 
fool yet living?" Coryat died in Surat in 1617 from an over-indulgence in sack. 
As he performed most of his journies in Europe on foot, so he proceeded in the 
same manner from Aleppo to Ajmir, His prodigious quantity of notes, which 
Roe tells us were too great "for portage," were lost and only some letters make 
up this account. From Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India 

1622 A Covrante of Newes from the East Indies : A True Relation of the tak- 
ing of the Islands of Lantore and Polaroone in the parts of Banda in 
the East Indies by the Hollanders, which Islands had yeelded them- 
selues subject vnto the King of England. Written to the East India 
Company from their Factors there. 

No place or printer cited. Extremely rare. Robinson, No. 19. 

The Hollanders Declaration of the Affaires in the East Indies, or A True 
Relation of that which passed in the Hands of Banda, in the East 
Indies, faithfully translated according to the Dutch Copie. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

This may be the same item as that listed just above. For a reply see the fol- 
lowing item. 

An Answer to the Hollanders Declaration, concerning the Occurrents of 
the East-India. The First Part. Written by Certaine Marriners lately 
returned from thence into England. (Followed by) The Examination 
of Thomas Hackwell the 25. of January, 1621 (upon certain Articles 
relative to the English Merchants trading to the East Indies). The 
Coppie of a letter sent unto the Dutch . . . from Monoboca . . . and 
delivered unto Captayne William Johnson (Commander of the Angcll). 
An Answer to Objections . . . the cause of the first breach in the East 
Indies. 4to. London. 



A true Relation of the Kingdom of the great Magor or Mogul. 4to. Lon- 
don. 



1624 A True Relation of the Vniust, Cruell, and Barbarous Proceedings against 
the English at Amboyna In the East-Indies, by the Netherlandis Gouer- 
nour and Councel there. Also the coppie of a Pamphlet, set forth first 
in Dutch and then in English, by some Neatherlander ; falsely entituled, 
A True Declaration Of The Newes that came out of the East-Indies, 
with the Pinace called the Hare, which arriued at Texel in lune, 1624. 



268 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Together with an Answer to the same Pamphlet. By the English East- 
India Companie. 2nd impression. 3 parts. 4to. London. 

3rd impression, London, 1632. Another edition of Part 2, London, 1624. 

The authorship of this Relation has been attributed to Sir Dudley Digges, 
who had been sent to Holland in 1620 to endeavor to effect a settlement of the 
points in dispute between the English East India Company and the Dutch. Quar- 
itch. The massacre of the English on trumped-up charges by the Dutch author- 
ities at Amboyna was typical of the ruthlcssness of the Dutch East India Com- 
pany when it deemed its monopoly of the Archipelago was encroached on. The 
event called forth many tracts. In Osborne are six such pamphlets. Dryden 
based a play upon the incident. See below. 

1673 DRYDEN, JOHN Amboyna : a Tragedy as it is enacted at the Theatre- 
Royale. 4to. London. 

1745 A True Relation of the Unjust, Cruel, and Barbarous Proceedings against 
the English at Amboyna, in the East-Indies, by the Netherlandish Gov- 
ernor and Council there. 4th edit, in Obborne II, 278-292. London. 

A True Declaration of the News that came out of the East -Indies With the 
Pinnace called the Hare, which arrived in the Texel in June, 1624. Con- 
cerning a Conspiracy discovered in the Island of Amboyna, and the 
Punishment following thereupon, according to the Course of Justice, 
in March, 1624. Comprehended in a Letter-Missive; And sent from a 
Friend in the Low-Countries, to a Friend of Note in England, for In- 
formation of him in the Truth of those Passages. In Osborne II, 
293-300. London. 

An Answer unto the Dutch Pamphlet, made in Defence of the Unjust and 
Barbarous Proceedings against the English, at Amboyna, in the East- 
Indies, by the Hollanders there. In Osborne II, 301-312. London. 

A Remonstrance of the Directors of the Netherlands East-India Company, 
Presented to the Lords States-General of the United Provinces ; in 
Defence of the said Company, Touching the Bloody Proceedings against 
the English Merchants, Executed at Amboyna. Together with the Acts 
of the Process against the said English. And the Reply of the English 
East-India Company, to the said Remonstrance and Defence. Published 
by Authority. In Osborne II, 313-324. London. 

An authentick Copy of the Confessions and Sentences against Mr. Tower- 
son and Accomplices, concerning the bloody Conspiracy enterprised 
against the Castle of Amboyna: The which, by the manifest Grace and 
Providence of God was discovered the 23rd Day of February, in the 
Year 1623. As also the Resolutions of the Governor Van Speult, and 
of the Council, taken in the Business. Translated out of the Copy de- 
livered to the English East-India Company, from the Dutch. In Os- 
borne II, 325-336. London. 

A Reply to the Remonstrance of the Bewintherbers or Directors of the 

Netherlands East-India Company, lately exhibited to the Lords States- 
General, in Justification of the Proceedings of their Officers at Am- 
boyna, against the English there. In Osborne II, 337-352. London. 



EAST INDIES 269 

1625 ROE, SIR THOMAS. The Embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the Court 
of the Great Mogul 1615-1619. In Purchas His Pilgrimes, vol. I. Lon- 
don. 

Purchas did a poor piece of editing, cutting the work down to a third and 
carelessly mutilating important passages. He included in his account some notes 
by Edward Terry, Roe's chaplain in India, which were later expanded into a 
small volume published in 1655 (see Terry this date below). This work has fre- 
quently been confused with Roe's own Journal. Purchas's version appeared in 
Dutch, Amsterdam, 1656. In Harris's Collection of 1705 is printed an inaccurate 
and much compressed paraphrase of Roe's Journal derived from Purchas. But 
in the 1744-48 edition the narrative is suppressed and a short account of its con- 
tents is substituted with a general history of the Company's trade. In Churchill's 
Collection of 1704 is printed the first volume of Roe's own manuscript; but this 
account is really inferior to that of Purchas's, being a piece of hackwork with 
much omission and mishandling of Roe's own words. Versions were published in 
Knox's New Collection VI, 1767, and in other later English collections, such as 
Pinkerton's, VIII, 1-56. It appeared in French in Thevenot (see under 1687, 
NEAR EAST), with additions from his original manuscripts and some extracts 
from his letters. It was included in Pietro della Valle's Travels into East India 
(see under 1665 below). It was edited for the Hakluyt Society, 1899, and a revised 
edition, 1926. Translated into Dutch, Amsterdam, 1656. See below. 

The complete victory of Captain Best, of the "tenth voyage," over an im- 
mensely superior Portuguese fleet at Swally, the harbor of Surat, in 1612, opened 
this port again to English traders. In consequence an attempt was made to es- 
tablish a factory at this city, but the representatives sent there failed to make 
sufficient impression, and Sir Thomas Roe, an experienced traveller, a polished 
courtier, and an excellent debater, was despatched to the court of Jehangir, the 
Great Mogul, to rehabilitate the dignity and respect of the English nation. A bet- 
ter man apparently could not have been chosen. His three years' stay was one 
prolonged combat with oriental cunning and treachery, but in the main he suc- 
ceeded by dint of an unswerving integrity in winning concessions for English 
trading rights. His journal concerns itself more with details of court life than 
with the manners of the people, but even so it is a valuable commentary on the 
administration of the Mogul Empire during the reign of its effeminate, debauched 
ruler, Jehangir. More than any one else he prepared the way for the future British 
empire in India. See Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India 

1732 ROE, SIR THOMAS. The Journal of Sir Thomas Roe, Embassador 
from his Majesty King James the First of England, to Ichan Guire 
(Jehangir), the Mighty Emperor of India Commonly called the Great 
Mogul. Containing an Account of his Voyage to that Country, and his 
Observations there Taken from his own Original Manuscript. In 
Churchill I, 687-737. London. 

1899 ROE, SIR THOMAS. The Embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the Court 
of the Great Mogul, 1615-19. Edited from Contemporary Records by 
William Foster. Portrait and 2 illus. 2 vols Hak. Soc. ser. II, vols. 

1-2. London. 

1926 ROE, SIR THOMAS. Embassy to India, 1615-19, from his Journal and 
Correspondence. Edited by Sir William Foster. Revised edition. 11 
illus. 8vo. London. 

1656 (In Dutch.) Journael van de Reysen, ghedaen door den Ed. Heeren Rid- 
der Sr. Thomas Roe . . . Afgevaerdicht naer Oostindien een den 
Grooten Mogol, endc andere ghewesten in Indien. Newen Verscheyde 
Aenmerckens en ghedenckwaerdighe gheschicdcnissen, en ecu be- 

schrijvinghe van de volckeren, Stcden, Landen, ende Druchten. Uyt het 
Engels vertaalt. 4to. Amsterdam. 



270 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1630 LORD, HENRY. A Discoverie of the Sect of the Banians, containing 
their History, Law, Liturgie, Casts, Customes and Ceremonies, as the 
particulars were comprized in the Booke of their Law, called Shaster; 
also (separate title-page) The Religion of the Persees as it was com- 
piled from a Book of theirs called their Zundavastaw. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Churchill VI, 299-342; in Pinkerton VIII, 523-572. Translated 
into French, 1667. See below. 

Lord was sometime resident in India at Surat and Preacher to the Honourable 
Company of Merchants trading to East India. 

1732 LORD, HENRY. A Description of Two Forreigne Sects in the East- 
Indies, viz., The Sect of the Banians, the Antient Natives of India, and 
the Sect of the Persees, the Ancient Inhabitants of Persia ; together 
with the Religion and Manners of each Sect. In two parts. In Church- 
ill VI, 299-342. London. 

1667 (In French.) Histoire de la Religion des Banians. 12mo. (Place?). 

1633 FAREWELL, CHRISTOPHER. An East India Collation, or a Dis- 
course of Travels in a Voyage to the East Indies. 16mo. London. 



1634 HERBERT, SIR THOMAS. For his travels into India see his Descrip- 
tion of the Persian Monarchy, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

Herbert paid a short visit to Surat and the regions adjacent. His book 
gives a very fair account of the closing years of Jahangir's reign and the sub- 
sequent events. Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India. 

1638 BRUTON, WILLIAM. Newes from the East-Indies: Or, A Voyage 
to Bengalia, one of the greatest Kingdomes under the High and Mighty 
Prince Pedesha Shassallem, usually called the Great Mogul, with the 
State of the Court of Malcandy. Written by William Bruton, now 
resident in the parish of S. Saviours, Southwark, who was an eye and 
eare witnesse of these following Descriptions . . . 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Osborne II, 267-279. 

Bruton and another Englishman were sent from the Coromandel Coast to Ben- 
gala to negotiate trade agreements. They reached the court of the Nabob at 
Cuttack, who was so impressed by the independent attitude of his English guests 
that he granted them perfect freedom of trade and even leave to coin money. 
Bru ton's experiences in Bengal were very pleasant and he has good words to say 
for the ingenuity and intelligence of the Bengalese. From Oaten, Early Trawllers 
and Travels in India. 



1651 DARELL, JOHN. East India Trade first discovered by the English. 
4to. London. 



EAST INDIES 271 

1652 DARELL, JOHN. Strange News from th'Indies ; or, East-India Pas- 
sages further discovered . . . some peradventure may apprehend from 
this briefe, uncouth, and unpolished Discourse, . . . the Regulation of 
the hitherto much abused East-India Trade, so vast, spacious, neces- 
sary, ... to enrich and advance Kingdomes and Commonwealths, being 
the Trade of trades, the Magazeen of Merchandizers, the honour of 
Nations, the Glory of this world. . . . 4to. London. 

An account of the losses of William Courten, \vhosc two ships, the Bona Es~ 
peransa and the Henry Bonavcntura, had been seized by the Dutch. Courten's 
father, Sir William, was the founder of the East India Trade. 

1655 TERRY, EDWARD (Reverend). Voyage to the East Indies; wherein 
some things are taken Notice of in our Passage thither, but many 
more in our Abode there, within that rich and most spacious Empire 
of the Great Mogul. Folding map and plates. 12mo. London. 

Reprinted slightly condensed without Terry's name in folio, London, 1665 ; re- 
printed in full, London, 1777. See Sir Thomas Roe under 1625 above. Translated 
into Dutch, Leyden, 1706. See below. 

Terry became chaplain to Sir Thomas Roc in 1616, remaining in this office 
until 1619, and accompanied the latter home. His journal is a valuable complement 
to Roe's and despite its constant sermonising is entertaining reading. Being a 
tent- fellow for a while with Coryat, he records some interesting anecdotes con- 
cerning that eccentric traveller. Terry's "requiescat" on the occasion of Coryat's 
death is worth quoting. "Sic exit Coryatus. Hence he went off the stage, and so 
must all after him, how long soever their parts seem to be: For if one should go 
to the extreme part of the world, East, another West, another North, and another 
South, they must all meet at last together in the Field of Bones, wherein our 
traveller hath now taken up his Lodging, and where I now leave him." From 
Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India 

1706 (In Dutch.) Schceps-togt van Edward Terry, Capellaan van den Ambas- 
sadeur Thomas Roe, na Oost-Indien, 1615. Map and 2 folding plates. 
12mo. Leyden. 

1662 MANDELSLO, JOHANN ALBRECHT VON. The Voyage and Trav- 
els of J. Albert de Mandelslo into the East Indies, 1638 to 1640, con- 
taining a particular Description of the Great Mogul's Empire, the 
kingdoms of Deccan . . . Zeilon, Coromandel, Pegu, . . . Japan . . . 
China . . . Rendered into English by John Davies of Kidwelly. Fol. 
London. 

2nd edit., fol.. London, 1669. Printed with Adam Olearius' I'oyatjcs and 
Travels of the Ambassadors See this date under CENTRAL ASIA. The Eng- 
lish version and the French translation of 1719 contain material not found in the 
original German. For the German edition of 1658, see below. Modern edition, 
Bombay, 1931. 

Mandelslo was a friend of Olearius and a formci page, to the Duke of Hol- 
stein, who sent in 1633 an embassy to the Persians to negotiate trade. The am- 
bassadors remained in Persia but MandcLsIo having 1 obtained permission to pro- 
ceed to India, sailed from Ormuz in 1638 and landed at Surat, whence he jour- 
nied on to Agra, Goa, and Ceylon, coming back home by way of the sea route. 
His letters were edited by Olearius and published in 1647 as a supplement to the 
latter's own description of the East. His account gives a vivid picture of the 



272 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

luxury, vice, cruelty, and utter disregard of life obtaining under the despotic tyr- 
annies of the Mogul empire. See Heawood, Geographical Discovery, and Oaten, 

Early Travellers wid Travels in India. 

1931 MANDELSLO, JOHANN ALBRECHT VON. Mandelslo's Travels in 
Western India, 1639. By M. S. Commisseriat. 6 plates. 8vo. Bombay. 

1658 MANDELSLO, JOHANN ALBRECHT VON. Des Johan Albrechts von 
Mandelslo Morgenlimdische Reyse-Beschreibung. Herausgegeben durch 
Adam Olearium. Mit dessclben unterschiedlichen Notis oder Anmerck- 
ungen wie auch mit viclen Kupffer Platen geziert. Fol. Schleszwig. 

1663 PINTO, FERDINAND MENDEZ. For a description of part of India 
and the Archipelago see his Voyages and Adventures, under FAR 
EAST. 



1664 ANDRADA, JACINTO FREYRE DE. The Life of Dom John de Cas- 
tro, the Fourth Vice-Roy of India. Wherein are seen the Portuguese's 
Voyages to the East-Indies ; Their Discoveries and Conquests there, 
the Form of Government, Commerce, and Discipline of War in the 
East, and the Topography of all India and China ; containing also a 
particular Relation of the most famous Siege of Diu. Translated by 
Sir Peter Wyche. Engraved portrait by W. Faithorne and 2 plates. 
Fol. London. 

First issue of the 1st edition; 2nd edit., fol., London, 1693. Modern edition, 
Broadway Travellers, London, 1929. Portuguese original, Lisbon, 1651 See below. 

Dom John de Castro (1500-1548), the great Portuguese leader in India and 
Ceylon overthrew Mahmoud, King of Cambodia, relieved Diu, defeated the great 
army under Adhel Khan, captured Broach, subdued Malacca, and invaded Ceylon. 
He was the friend of St. Francis Xavier, and died in his arms. Maggs, No. 519. 

1929 ANDRADA, RUY FREYRE DE. Commentaries of Ruy Freyre dc An- 
drada, in which are related his exploits from the year 1619, in which 
he left this Kingdom of Portugal as General of the Sea of Ormuz, and 
Coast of Persia, and Arabia until his Death. Edited, with an introduc- 
tion, by C. R. Boxer. Illus. and maps. 8vo. Broadway Travellers. 
London. 

Andrada was a brave, hot-headed, and chivalrous Portuguese Com- 
mander who saw much service at the beginning of the seventeenth cen- 
tury in the Persian Gulf at a time when his countrymen controlled 
those waters. The main interest of this most vivacious chronicle lies 
in the account it gives of the siege and capture of the island-fortress of 
Ormuz, which was the Portuguese Gibraltar. Spectator, quoted by Pub- 
lishers. 

1651 ANDRADA, FREYRE DE. Vida de don Joanno de Castro quarto viso- 
rey da India. Li*bon. 

A Treatise touching the East-Indian Trade: or, A Discourse (turned out 
of French into English) concerning the Establishment of a French 
Company for the Commerce of the East-Indies ; to which are annexed 
the Articles, and Conditions, whereupon the said Company for the 
Commerce of the East-Indies is Established. 4to. London. 



EAST INDIES 273 

1665 GAL AT A PALL ADI US. De Gentibus Indiae et Brakmanibus, ex Grae- 
co Latine vert it et Notis illustravit ; adjectis Ambrosio de Moribus 
Brakmanorum, et Anonymo de Brakmanibus; Edwardus Bissoens ed- 
itit. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

VALLE, PIETRO BELLA. The Travels of Signer Pietro della Valle, 
a Noble Roman, into East India and Arabia Deserta. In which the 
several Countries, together with the Customs, Manners, Traffique, and 
Rites both Religious and Civil, of those Oriental Princes and Nations 
are faithfully described (translated by G. Havers from the original 
Italian). Whereunto is added, A Relation of Sir Thomas Roe's Voy- 
age into the East Indies. Fol. London. 

Extracts from this work in Pinkerton IX, 1-137; reprinted by the Hakluyt 
Society, 2 vols., London, 1891. Translated into French, German, and Dutch. Ital- 
ian original, Rome, 1650-58. See below. 

This work is divided into three parts, Turkey, Persia, and India. Only the 
first part was published during the author's life time. The whole is made up of 54 
letters addressed to a Neapolitan physician, M. Schipano, written in the years 
1614-1626. Delia Valle's travels were limited in extent as far as India was con- 
cerned, but the record of his wanderings is of the utmost value, for they were the 
product of a mind well trained in observation and well stored with general knowl- 
edge. Sir Henry Yule, the editor of the Hakluyt Society reprint, remarks of him, 
"The Prince of all such travellers (i. e., of those who travel for curiosity's sake 
alone) is Pietro della Valle, the most insatiate in curiosity, the most intelligent in 
apprehension, the fullest and most accurate in description." He embarked for Con- 
stantinople in 1614, visited Egypt, Palestine, and Bagdad, where he met an Ar- 
menian woman of the Christian faith whom he married and took with him. She 
died near the Gulf of Ormuz but he carried her body with him until he returned 
to Rome in 1624, where he gave her burial. The fact that foreigners could travel 
in India with their womenfolk points to a comparatively high state of civilization. 
Della Valle also bears witness to the tolerance in some of the states of India of 
different religions. For acuteness of observation and interest of narrative this ac- 
count is hardly surpassed. Gibbon pays him high tribute. 

1891 VALLE, PIETRO DELLA. The Travels of Pietro della Valle to India. 
From the English Translation of 1664, by G. Havers. Edited, with a 
Life of the Author, by Edward Grey. 2 maps and 2 illus. 2 vols. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 84-85 London. 

1650-58 VALLE, PIETRO DELLA. Viaggi di Pietro della Valle il Pellegrino 
con minuto ragguaglio di tutte le cosi notabili ossueruate in essi, des- 
critto da lui medesimo in 54 Lettere familiari da diversi luoghi della 
intrapresa pcregrinatione, mandati in Napoli all' erudito e fra piu cari, 
di molti anni suo amico Mario Schipano, diuisi in tre parti, cioe la 
Tvrchia, la Persia e 1'India. 4 vols. 4to Rome. 

1671 BERNIER, FRANCOIS. The History of the Late Revolution of the 
Empire of the Great Mogol, with the most considerable Passages for 
five Years following in that Empire, with a Letter to the Lord Col- 
bert, touching the Extent of Indostan ; the Circulation of the Gold and 
Silver of the World, to discharge itself there; as also the Riches, 
Forces, and Justice of the same : and the principal Cause of the Decay 



274 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

of the States of Asia, English'd out of the French. Map. 12mo. 
London. 

A Continuation appeared the same year. 2nd edit., London, 1676; both parts 
reprinted in Osborne II, 103-236; in Pinkerton VIII, 57-234; translated by Irving 
Brock, London, 1826; Brock's edition revised, London, 1891; an edition, Calcutta, 
1909. French original, 2 vols., Amsterdam, 1659. See below. 

A more curious and entertaining work than Bernier's Travels can hardly be 
imagined ; the lively style of the author, combined with his intelligence, and the 
extraordinary nature of the scenes he witnessed render his work altogether more 
like a glowing romance than a detail of real events. Lowndes. Bernier, a French 

physician, was one of those travellers like della Valle who was lured abroad for 

the sake of gratifying curiosity. Of much learning, especially in the philosophy 
of Gassendi, whose opinions and discoveries he inherited, capable of penetrating to 
the ultimate causes of an event, he proved to be a political and social historian of 
the first magnitude. His work is particularly valuable for its record of the strug- 
gle of the four sons of Shah Jahan to secure the throne, which finally fell to the 
fourth, Aurangzib. At the court of this Mogul, with whom he was a favorite, 
he spent twelve years. He notes in detail the weakness inherent in the Mogul 
system of inheritance, whereby the most vigorous and unscrupulous son succeeded 
to the rule ; the rapacity of the governors ; the corruption of its military leaders ; 
and the rottenness of the land system, together with the miserable state of the 
lower classes. "The ancestors of Aurungzeb," says Sir William Hunter, "were 
ruddy men in boots. The courtiers among whom Aurungzeb grew up were pale 
persons in petticoats." Quoted by Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India, 
to whom the above comment is indebted. 

1891 BERNIER, FRANCOIS. Travels in the Mogul Empire, 1656-68, edited 
by A. Constable. Revised and Improved Edition, based on Brock's 
Translation (1826). Frontispiece and plates. 8vo. London. 

1909 BERNIER, FRANCOIS. Bernier's Voyage to the East Indies, contain- 
ing the History of the late Revolution of the Empire of the Great 
Mogul. 8vo. Calcutta. 

1670 BERNIER, FRANCOIS. Voyages de Francois Bernier, contenant la des- 
cription des ctats du Grand Mogol de 1'Indoustan, du royaume de Cach- 
emire, . . . ou il ebt traite, des richesses, des forces, de la justice et des 
causes principales de la decadence des Etats de 1'Asie, et de plusieurs 
evenemens considerables, et ou Ton voit comment Tor et 1'argent apres 
avoir circule dans le monde, passent dans 1'Indoustan d'ou ils ne re- 
viennent plus. 2 vols. 12mo. Amsterdam. 

A Continuation of the Memoirs of Monsieur Bernier concerning the His- 
tory of the Great Mogul, Wherein is contained, 1. An exact Descrip- 
tion of Delhi and Agra, the Capital Cities of the Empire of the great 
Mogul : together with some particulars making known the Court and 
Genius of the Mogols and Indians; as also the Doctrine of Extrava- 
gant Superstitions and Customs of the Heathen of Indostan. 2. The 
Emperour of Mogul's Voyage to the Kingdom of Kachemire in the 
Year 1664. 3. A Letter written by the Author to Mr. Chappelle, touch- 
ing his design of returning, after all his peregrinations, to his Studies. 
English by H. O. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 



EAST INDIES 275 

1673 OGILBY, JOHN. Asia: the First Part, being an Accurate Description 
of Persia, and the several Provinces thereof, the Vast Empire of Great 
Mogol, and other Parts of India; the Cities, Customs, Religions, Lan- 
guages, Government . . . also the Plants and Animals peculiar to each 
Country. Maps, many folding and other copperplates of views, por- 
traits of natives, depicting their manners and customs. Fol. London. 

Although the title page reads "First Part/' this volume is complete in itself. 
The Second Part treats of China and is listed separately. See under FAR EAST. 

1675 The Empire of the Great Mogul ; with the rest of the East Indies, Pales- 
tine or the Holy Land, the Empire of Russia. I/ondon. 



1678 TAVERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTS. The Six Voyages of Jean Baptiste 
Ta vernier, Baron of Aubonne, through Turkey into Persia and the 
East Indies, for the space of forty years; giving an Account of the 
Present State of those Countries, viz., of the Religion, Government, 
Customs and Commerce, of every Country; and the Figures, Weight, 
and Value of the Money currant all over Asia. To which is added, A 
new Description of the Seraglio; made English by J(ohn) P(hillips). 
With a Description of the Kingdoms which encompass the Euxine and 
Caspian Seas, ... by an English Traveller: never before Printed. Fol. 
London. 

Other editions: London, 1680, 1684, 1688, 1690 (with translation of the Sup- 
plement); extracts in Harris I, 810-852; and in Pinkcrton VIII, 235-257. The 
1684 edition in 2 vols. gives the first volume to Tavermer and the second to Ber- 
nier. Modern editions, London, 1889, rcedited, London, 1925 French original, 

Paris, 1676-77, and its supplement in 1679. Sec below. 

Tavernier, though not equal to Chardin and Bernier, will always continue 
among the most valuable travellers in the Kast. His account of Turkey, which 
he did not visit himself, is formed on the memoirs of his brother, and is full of 
errors. Pinkerton. But see Harris : Ho is more copious, and at the same time 
no less exact, than any of the authors who have attempted to point out the ad- 
vantages derived from our commerce in the East. . . . We discover in his writings 
a greater compass of thought and a more masterly turn in his observations than 
in almost any other book of the kind, which is owing to his having considered 
these things over and over in consequence of the several voyages he made to the 
Indies. The interest in Tavernier's travels lies in the personal experiences and 
adventures he relates Though he was unfairly treated by his fellow travellers, 
such as Bernier and Thevenot, both of whom he met in India, he does not return 
ill for ill. He successfully combined his business as jeweler with his travels. 
Towards the end of 1663, on his sixth and last voyage, he took with him 30,000 
worth of stuff, the most of which he sold at Ispahan to the Shah of Persia. He 
also disposed of some jewels to the Great Mogul Aurangzib. His financial trans- 
actions on the whole must have been very profitable, for when he returned to 
Paris in 1668 he was a man of wealth, and like a wise fellow proceeded to stay 
home and enjoy it. Some of his fellow travellers charged him with being a dupe, 
but modern scholars agree that in the main he was accurate in his statements of 
facts. His work is especially valuable at the time for its information on trade and 
trade routes, diamonds and mines. See Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in 
India. 



276 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1680 TAVERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTE. A Collection of several Relations and 
Treatises Singular and Curious, not Printed among his first Six Voy- 
ages. I. A New and singular Relation of the Kingdom of Tunquin. 
II. How the Hollanders manage their Affairs in Asia. III. A Relation 
of Japon, and the Cause of the Persecutions of the Christians in those 
Islands. IV. A Relation of what passed in the Negotiation of the Dep- 
uties which were at Persia and the Indies, as well on the French 
King's as the Company's behalf, for the Establishment of Trade. V. 
Observations upon the East India Trade, and the Frauds there subject 
to be committed. Large folding map of Japan with inset map of Ton- 
quin and 7 copperplates. Fol. London. 

This is the Supplement to Tavernier's Six Voyages. Concerning 

the persecutions of the Christians in Japan, he says that "from 1613 to 
1629 the Christians were so multiply 'd, that they were above 400,000, 
but in the year 1649 . . . Christianity was utterly extirpated out of the 
Island." His information on the Far East was derived from reading 
and reports, not from actual observation. 

1684 TAVERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTE. Collections of Travels through Tur- 
key into Persia and the East Indies ; giving an Account of the Present 
State of those Countries : as also a full Relation of the five years 
War between Aureng-Zebby and his Brothers. And a Voyage made by 
the Great Mogull with his Army from Denly to Lahor, from Lahor to 
Dember, and from thence to Kachemire called The Paradise of the 
Indies. Together with a Relation of the Kingdom of Japan, Tunkin, 
their Manners and Trade. To which is added, A New Description of the 
Grand Signior's Seraglio, and the Kingdoms encompassing the.Euxine 
and Caspian Seas. Being the Travels of Monsieur Tavcrnier, Bernier, 
and other great men. Numerous copperplates. 2 vols. in 1. Fol. 
London. 

1889 TAVERNIER, J. B. Travels in India. Translated from the original 
French edition of 1676, with a Biographical Sketch of the Author, 

Notes, Appendices, etc., by V. Ball. Maps, portraits, and plates. 
2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1925 TAVERNIER, J. B. Travels in India. Translated by V. Ball New edi- 
tion, by W. Crooke. Illus. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1676 TAVERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTE. Six Voyages de Jean Tavernier en 
Turquie, en Persie, et aux Indes, pendant 1'espace de quarante ans 
par toutes les routes qu'on peut y tenir, accompagnes des observations 
particuheres sur les qualites, la religion, le gouvernement, et le com- 
merce du chaque pays, avec les figures, les poids, et la valeur des mon- 
noies. Enrichis des cartes, plans, et figures. 3 vols. 4to. Paris. 

1679 TAVERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTE. Recueil de plusieurs relations et trai- 
tcz singuliers et curicux qui n'ont point ete mis dans les six premiers 
voyages. Divisc en 5 parties: 1. Une relation du Japon et de la cause 
de la persecution des Chretiens dans ses Isles. 2. Une relation de ce 
qui s'est passe dans la Negociation des deputes qui out ete en Perse et 
aux Indes. 3. Observations sur le Commerce des Indes Orientates. 4. 
Une relation singuliere du Royaumc de Tunquin. 5. Histoire de la con- 
duite des Hollandais en Asie avec la relation de 1'interieur du Serail. 
5 cartes et de 15 grandes planches. 4to. Paris. 

1681 KNOX, ROBERT. Historical Relation of the Island of Ceylon, in the 
East Indies : together with an Account of the Detaining in Captivity 
the Author and divers other Englishmen now living there, and of the 



EAST INDIES 277 

Author's Miraculous Escape. Folding map and 15 plates, and portrait. 
Fol. London. 

A new edition, 12mo, London, 1818; reprinted in Bcazley, Voyages and Trav- 
els, vol. II, London, 1903. Reprinted, 8vo, Glasgow, 1911. Translated into French, 
Lyons, 1684, again, Amsterdam, 1693; into Dutch, 1692; into German, 1747. See 
below. 

Knox was a Scotch commander in the service of the East India Company. In 
1657 he sailed with his father to Fort George, and on the return journey was 
forced by a storm into the harbor of Cottiar Bay, Ceylon, where he and his father 
and fourteen others were made prisoners and carried into the interior. He re- 
mained a prisoner at large for nearly twenty years, travelling about as a hawker. 

When the opportunity offered he escaped to the Dutch settlement of Aripo on 
the N. W. Coast. From there he was sent to Batavia and thence to England, where 
he wrote an account of his adventures. He afterwards had a very successful 
career with the East India Company. "His book, which is both delightful and 
trustworthy, is the first account of Ceylon in the English language." Maggs, No. 
521. 

1818 KNOX, ROBERT. Relation of the Island of Ceylon . . . New Edition, 
with Sketch of the Geography, Civil and Natural History, Commerce, 
... of Ceylon, brought down to 1815 (by Robert Fellowes). 12mo. 
London. 

1911 KNOX, ROBERT. An Historical Relation of Ceylon, together with 
somewhat concerning severall Remarkable Passages of my Life that 
hath hapned since my Deliverance out of my Captivity. Portrait and 
21 engravings and map. Reprint of the rare edition of 1681. 8vo. 
Glasgow. 

1684 (In French.) Description de Tile de Ceylon, traduit de 1'Anglois (de 1681). 
Lyons. 

1682 GLANIUS, . Relation of an unfortunate Voyage to the Kingdom 

of Bengal ; describing the deplorable Condition and Accidents of those 
who undertook it; how, after the Loss of their Ship, they were forced 
to reside in a Desert and Barren Island . . . 8vo. London. 



GLANIUS, . A New Voyage to the East Indies; containing an Ac- 
count of several of those Rich Countries, and more particularly of the 
Kingdom of Bantam. Giving an Exact Relation of the Extent of that 
Monarch's Dominions, the Religion, Manners and Customs of the In- 
habitants ; their Commerce, and the Product of the Country, and like- 
wise a faithful Narrative of the Kingdom of Siam, of the Isles of 
Japan and Madagascar, and of several other Parts, with such New 
Discoveries as were never yet made by any other Traveller. To which 
is added, the Effigies of the Bantam Ambassador at length. 12mo. 

2nd edit., 16mo, 1682. 

The work gives a very full account of Bantam, which did not get incorporated 
with the Dutch possessions in Java until 1808, and a description of Formosa. If 
this had been read the forgeries of Psalmanazaar would not have met with the 
success they did Sotheran. 



278 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

A True Account of the Burning and Sad Condition of Bantam in the East- 
Indies ; in the War begun by the Young King against his Father and of 
the great and imminent Danger of the English Factory there in a Letter 
from a Member of the Factory, to a Friend in London by the last ship; 
which arrived on Saturday the 23rd of this instant September, 1682. 
(2pp.)- Fol. London. 

A British factory or trading station was established at Bantam by Captain Lan- 
caster in 1603, but the English were driven from their factories by the Dutch in 
1683. Maggs, No. 521. 

1684 STRUYS, JEAN. For his travels through India see his Voyages and 
Travels through Moscovia, Tartary, India, under GENERAL TRAV- 
ELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 



1685 B., R. (Robert Burton ?). A View of the English Acquisitions in Guiana 
and the East-Indies; with an Account of the Religion, Government, 
Wars, Customs, Beasts, Serpents, Monsters, and other Observables 
in those Countries. With a Description of the Island of St. Helena, 
the Bay of Soldania ; intermixt with pleasant Relations, and enlivened 
with Pictures. 12mo. London. 

1687 THEVENOT, JEAN. The Travels of Monsieur Thevenot into the Lev- 
ant. In Three Parts. Viz., into, I. Turkey. II. Persia. III. The East- 
Indies. Newly done out of French ... 3 vols. in 1. Portrait and plates. 
Fol. London. 

For the Near East portion of these travels see under NEAR EAST. French 
original of the East India volume, Paris, 1684. See below. 

"Tavernier, Bernier, Thevenot," says Mr. S. Lane-Poole, "were all in India 
in the year 1666. ... Of the three Thevenot is much the slightest. . . . His 'Travels' 
are necessarily more or less hurried first impressions, but he had access to some im- 
portant native authorities, and his statistics are peculiarly valuable." -Quoted by 
Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in- India. But according to Oaten, if we were 
writing a history of India we should prefer the aid of Thevenot; if we were 
seeking a combination of pleasant and instructive reading, we should turn to 
Tavernier. 

1684 THEVENOT, JEAN. Voyages de M. Thevenot. Contenant la relation 
de I'lndostan des nouveaux Mogols et des autres peuples et Pays des 
Indies. 4to. Paris. 

1692 An Account of the famous Prince Giolo, son of the King of Gilolo, now 
in England, with an Account of his Life, Parentage, . . . with a De- 
scription of the Island of Gilolo, and the adjacent Isle of Celebes, their 
Religion and Manners, written from his own Mouth. Portrait. 4to. 
London. 



EAST INDIES 279 

1694 GEDDES, MICHAEL. The History of the Church of Malabar, from 

the Time of its being first discover'd by the Portuguezes in 1501, giv- 
ing an Account of the Persecutions and Violent Methods of the Roman 
Prelates, to Reduce them to the Subjection of the Church of Rome, to- 
gether with the Synod of Diamper in 1 599. 8vo. London. 

1695 FARIA Y SOUSA, MANUEL DE. The Portuguese Asia: or, the His- 

tory of the Discovery and Conquest of India by the Portuguese : con- 
taining all their Discoveries from the Coast of Africk, to the farthest 
Parts of China and Japan ; all their Battles by Sea and Land, Sieges 
and other Memorable Actions ; a Description of those Countries, and 
many Particulars of the Religion, Government and Customs of the 
Natives. Translated by Capt. John Stevens. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

This version is somewhat compressed Portuguese original, Lisbon, 1666. 
See below. 

At the end is a list of authorities used, which comprises some 21 books and 
13 MSS. The author was a celebrated Castillian poet and historian The account, 
which is esteemed for its veracity and impartiality, extends down to 1628. From 
Maggs, No. 479. 

1666 FARIA Y SOUSA, MANUEL DE. Asia Portugueza. 3 vols., Lisbon. 

He also wrote on Portugal in Europe, 3 vols., and Portuguese 
Africa. 

1696 DUQUESNE, . A New Voyage to the East Indies in the Years 

1690 and 1691. Being a full Description of the Isles of Maldives, 
Cocos, Andamants ; and all the Forts arid Garrisons now in possession 
of the French, with an Account of the Customs, Manners and Habits 
of the Indians. To which is added, a New Description of the Canary 
Islands, Cape Verd, Senegal, and Gambia, . . . Illus. and maps. Done 
into English from the Paris edition. 8vo. London. 

French original, Brussels, 1692. See below. 

Of the French factories in those parts we have no such account ; and few 
better for the bulk, of all other places the author undertakes to speak of Church- 
ill, Introduction The second part comprises the Voyages of Le Maire to the Can- 
ary Isles, etc. 

1692 DUQUESNE, . Journal du Voyage de Duquesnc aux I tides Orien- 

tales, par un Card- Marine de son Escadrc. 12mo Brussels. 

A Letter to a Friend, Concerning the East India Trade. 4to. London. 

OVINGTON, JOHN. A Voyage to Suratt, 1689, giving a large Account 
of that City, and its Inhabitants, and of the English Factory there; 
likewise a Description of Madeira, St. Jago, St. Helena, Johanna, Bom- 
bay, the Cape of Good Hope, . . . with Appendix, containing the His- 



280 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

tory of a Late Revolution in the Kingdom of Golconda, . . . and 
Observations concerning the Nature of Silk- Worms. Numerous fold- 
ing plates and a table of currency. 8vo. London. 

A modern edition, London, 1929. Translated into French, Paris, 1725. See 

below 

The author was an English clergyman, who sought exile at the same time 
as his Royal Master, James II. He embarked for the Indies in 1689. After reach- 
ing Suiat, he was interned for three years by the Great Mogul Aurangzib. Ac- 
cording to Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India, Ovington makes claims to 
have described far more of India than he could have visited, seeing that he hardly 
went beyond Bombay and Surat. Most of his information came from other sources, 
which, however, were reliable. His remarks on the methods and results of Mogul 
administration are not to be neglected. 

1029 OVINGTON, JOHN. A Voyage to Surat in the Year 1689, edited by II. 
G. Kawlinson. lllus. 8vo. London. 

1725 (In French.) Voyages de Jean Ovington, faits a Surate, et en d'autres 
licux dc 1'Asie et de 1'Afrique, avec 1'histoire de la Revolution du Roy- 
aume de Golconde; et des observations sur les vers a soye Traduit 
dc 1'anglois. 12mo. Paris. 

The translator was N. Barnabite. The work was noticed in the 
Journal des Scavans, 1726, I, 55. 

1698 FRYER, JOHN. A New Account of East-India and Persia, in eight 
Letters, Being Nine Years' Travels, Begun 1672, and Finished 1681. 
Containing Observations made of the Moral, Natural and Artificial Es- 
tate of those Countries, namely, of their Government, Religion, Laws, 
Customs, of the Soil, Climates, Seasons, Health, Diseases, of the Ani- 
mals, Vegetables and Minerals, Jewels, Housing, Cloathing, Manufac- 
tures, Trades, ... of the Coins, Weights and Measures used in the 
Principal Places of Trade in those Parts. Portraits, maps, and geo- 
graphical and botanical plates by Sturt. Fol. London. 

Reprinted with Sir Thomas Roe's travels, London, 1873 ; published by the 
Hakluyt Society, London, 1909-1915. Translated into Dutch, 's Gravehage, 1700. 
See below. 

Fryer was a surgeon in the service of the East India Company for nine years 
and travelled extensively on the Coromandel and Malabar coasts. He describes 
well the cities of Surat and Bombay, the. life and trade there as well as at Madras. 
Nearly sixteen years elapsed hefore he could be persuaded to publish the story 
of his wanderings. At length piqued at the frequent appearance of translations of 
foreign, especially French, books of travel, in which English industry and enter- 
prise were decried, he issued a handsome folio. From D. N. B. His book is of 
great value in its account of the struggle of the Mahrattas under Sivaji to resist 
absorption into Aurangzib's empire, and in its analysis of the political state of the 
kingdom of Bijapur. From Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India. He was 
well versed in the learning of the day and very curious in all questions connected 
with natural science. 

1909-1915 FRYER, JOHN (MI).). A New Account of East India and Per- 
sia. In eight Letters, being Nine Years' Travels, begun 1672, and fin- 
ished 1681. By John Fryer, M.D., Cantabrig , and Fellow of the Royal 
Society Edited with Notes and an Introduction, by William Crooke, 
B.A, Bengal Civil Service. 3 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 19, 1909; 
vol. 20, 1912; vol. 39, 1915. London. 



EAST INDIES 281 

1700 (In Dutch.) Negenjaarige Reyse door Oost-Indien en Persien ... In 
agt Bricven hcschrevcn door d'Heer Johan Freyer, M. P. 's Gravehagc. 

1699 DELLON, CHARLES (M. D.). A Voyage to the East Indies: giving 
an Account of the Isles of Madagascar, and Mascareigne, of Suratte, 
the Coast of Malabar, of Goa, Cameron, Ormus, and the Coast of 
Brazil, with the Religion, Customs, Trade, ... of the Inhabitants, as 
also a Treatise of the Distempers peculiar to the Eastern Countries. To 
which is Annexed an Abstract of Monsieur de Rennefort's History of 
the East Indies, with his Propositions for the Improvement of the 
East-India Company (translated by Jodocus Crull, M. D.). 8vo. 
London. 

A French edition, Amsterdam, 1699. See below. The Appendix contains Ren- 
ne fort's proposals for a French settlement in Madagascar. This latter work was 
printed at Leyden, 1688. 

While on his travels the author was denounced to the Inquisition at Goa, 
where he was imprisoned for two years and frequently tortured to extract a con- 
fession of heresy. As he would not confess, he was condemned to the galleys for 
five years and had his property confiscated. The work contains a realistic des- 
cription of suttee as well as of tropical diseases Sotheran. The author travelled 
in southern India from 1669 to 1676. 

1699 DELLON, CHARLES (M.D.). Nouvelle Relation dun voyage faits aux 
Indes-Orientales ; contenant la description des lies de Bourbon et de 
Madagascar, de Surate, de Malabar, de Calicut, de Timor, de Goa, . . . 
12mo. Amsterdam. 

1699 MARIANO, JOHN DE. For Spanish and Portuguese affairs in India 
and the East, see his General History of Spain, under WEST EU- 
ROPE. 



ZIEGENBALG, BARTHOLOMEW. An Account of the Religion, Man- 
ners and Learning of the People of Malabar, in the East Indies ; iti sev- 
eral Letters written by some of the most learned Men of that Country 
to the Danish Missionaries. Translated from the German of Barthol- 
omew Ziegenbalg by J. T. Phillips. Map. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1717. There are several accounts of the activities of 
these Danish missionaries under slightly different titles. The date of the above 
translation is the one listed by Pinkcrton XVII. See below for the later accounts. 

The Danish missionaries seem to have been quite zealous in the East Indies, 
for by 1805 sixty-one volumes of their Acts had appeared. Ziegenbalg founded 
the missionary enterprise for Frederick IV of Denmark. He died in the Indies 
in 1719. 

1711 Propagation of the Gospel in the East. Being an account of the Success of 
two Danish Missionaries, lately sent to the East-Indies for the Conver- 
sion of the Heathens in Malabar. In several Letters to their Corres- 
pondents in Europe. Containing a Narrative of their Voyage. 2nd 
edit. 8vo. London. 



282 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1715 A Brief Account of the Measures taken in Denmark for the Conversion 
of the Heathen in the East-Indies. 12mo. London. 

1719 Thirty-Four Conferences between the Danish Missionaries and the Mala- 
barian Bramans in the East Indies, translated out of the High Dutch 
by Mr. Philipps. 8vo. London. 

1700 FRYKE, CHRISTOPHER, and SCHWEITZER, CHRISTOPHER. A 

Relation of Two several Voyages Made in to the East Indies. The 
whole containing an exact Account of the Customs, Dispositions, Man- 
ners, Religions, ... of the several Kingdoms and Dominions in those 
Parts in general; but, in particular, describing those Countrys which 
are under the Government of the Dutch. Done out of the Dutch by S. 
L. 8vo. London. 

Separate German versions are given in Pinkerton XVII. Modern editions in 
English, London, 1929, and in German, the Hague, 1931. See below. 

There is nothing extraordinary in them. Churchill, Introduction A most inter- 
esting work relating to the Cape of Good Hope, Mauritius, Java, Formosa, Japan, 
and Ceylon. Maggs, No. 521. 

1929 FRYKE, C, and SCHWEITZER, C. Voyages to the East Indies. With 
Introduction and Notes by C. E. Fayle. 8 plates. 8vo. London. 

1688 SCHWEITZER, CHRISTOPHER. Journal und Tagebuch seiner sechs 
jahringen Ostindianischen Reise (from Dec. 1, 1675 to Sept. 7, 1681). 
4to. Tubingen. 

1692 FRIKEN, CHRISTOPHER. Ostindianische Reisen und Kriegsdienste 
(from 1680 to 1685). 8vo. Ulm. 

1931 SCHWEITZER, CHRISTOPHER. Reise nach Java und Ceylon 1675- 
1682, Neu herausgegeben nach der zu Tubingen im Verlag von J. G. 
Cotta im Jahre 1680 erschienenen Originalausgabe. 8vo. The Hague. 

1701 An Historical Description of the Kingdom of Macassar in the East Indies, 

in Three Books; giving a particular Account, 1. Of the Scituations of 
the Country, the Product and Principal Towns in it. 2. The Manners 
and Customs of the Inhabitants ; their Government, Trade, Recrea- 
tions, Habits, and Marriages. 3. The ancient Idolatry of the Macas- 
sarians ; the Progress of the Christian Religion among them, and the 
Establishment of the Mohametan ; with the Circumcision of Women, 
particular to those People. Together with a particular Account of the 
Acts and Cruelties used by the Batavians to establish themselves in, 
and exclude all other European Nations from that Country. 8vo. 
London. 



1702 DANIEL, WILLIAM. A Journal or Account of William Daniel, his late 
Expedition from London to Surat in India, giving a short, but impar- 
tial Relation of the Dangers, Distresses, Fatigues, and Hindrances, 



EAST INDIES 283 

happening to him during the said Expedition till his Return to England. 
8vo. London. 

The author got no farther than Mocha. He gives accounts of the various 
places he visited on the Red Sea and Egypt. Maggs, No. 521. Only a few copies 
of this work were printed. 

1703 BALDAEUS, PHILIP. A True and Exact Description of the most cel- 
ebrated East India Coasts of Malabar and Coromandel, as also of the 
Island of Ceylon, with all the adjacent Kingdoms, Principalities, Prov- 
inces, Cities, Chief Harbours, Structures, Pagan Temples, Products 
and Living Creatures, and the Manners, Habits, ... of the Inhabitants. 
Maps and plates. Fol. London. 

Apparently the only edition of the only English translation. Reprinted in 
Churchill III, 501-822. Dutch original, Amsterdam, 1672. See below. 

The author was a Dutch missionary in the Malabar and Coromandel districts. 
His narrative gives considerable information on the Dutch settlements in Southern 
India. He bears witness to the ravages of the dreaded Malabar pirates who still 
infested the western coasts of India. Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India. 

1672 BALDAEUS, PHILIP. Beschryving der Oostindischen Landscapen Mal- 
abar, Coromandel, Ceylon, . . . 4to. Amsterdam. 

1705 TOLAND, JOHN. The Agreement of the Customs of the East Indians 

with those of the Jews. To which are added, Instructions to Young 
Gentlemen that intend to Travel. 4 plates. 8vo. London. 

This is the celebrated Deist, author of Christianity Not Mysterious, which 
precipitated the Deist controversy. 

1706 FINCH, WILLIAM. Travels in India in 1605. Bound up with Hawk- 

ins' Voyagie door Oost-Indien, 1608. 12mo. Leyden. 

This account first appeared in Furchas, 1625. This Leyden version is probably 
the Dutch account published in Pieter van der Aa's collection. Reprinted in Kerr, 
VIII. See under 1921 below. 

Finch was a merchant and agent to an expedition sent out in the reign of 
James 1 to obtain trading privileges from the Great Mogul Jahangir for the 
East India Company's factory at Surat. He gives interesting information about 
Jahangir's method of holding daily levees and confirms other travellers' stories 
of the Mogul's delight in bloody spectacles. From Oaten, Early Travellers and 
Travels in India. Finch died at Babylon on his way back, from drinking poisoned 
water. 

1708 ARGENSOLA, BARTOLOME LEONARDO DE. The Discovery and 
Conquest of the Molucco and Philippine Islands, containing their His- 
tory, Laws, Customs, . . . with an Account of many other adjacent 
Islands, and several Remarkable Voyages through the Streights of 
Magellan, translated by Capt. John Stevens. Map and 2 plates. 4to. 
London. 



284 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Spanish original, Madrid, 1609. See below. 

Few narratives are written with so much judgment and elegance as Argen- 
sola's History of the Conquest of the Moluccas. Quoted by Maggs, No. 519. 
One of the most important works for the history of the Philippine Islands. Rob- 
inson, No. 26. The book also contains matter relating to Sir Francis Drake and 
American voyages, and to the history of Spanish and Portuguese exploration 
in the Indies. 

1609 ARGENSOLA, BARTOLOME LEONARDO DE. Conqvista de las Islas 
Malvcas al Rey Felipe III. Escrita por el Licendo Bartolome Leonardo 
de Argensola capellan de la Magestad de las Emperatriz y Retor de 
Villahermosa. Fol. Madrid. 

The English Acquisitions in Guinea and the East Indies. London. 
So cited in Pinkerton XVII. 

UEGUAT, FRANCOIS. A New Voyage to the East-Indies by Francis 
Leguat and his Companions. Containing their Adventures in Two Des- 
ert Islands, Accounts of remarkable things at the Cape of Good Hope, 
the Island of Mauritius, at Batavia, the Island of St. Helena and other 
places on their Route . . . Numerous plates and maps. 8vo. London. 

Republished by the Hakluyt Society, London, 1890 It appeared in French, 
London and Amsterdam, 1708; also in Dutch, Utrecht, 1708. See below. 

The adventures of this person and his companions in the two desert isles are 
rather suspicious, but there is no reason to impeach his accounts of the Cape, the 
Isles of St. Helena and Mauritius, and the East-Indies. Pinkerton XVII. The 
claims of this work to be a genuine voyage, as it has been so accepted by critics, 
bibliographers, and editors, including the editor of the Hakluyt Society edition, have 
been completely disproved by Geoffroy Atkinson in his Extraordinary Voyage in 
French Literature, 1700-1720, (Paris, 1922). Here he demonstrates that this work 
is neither a story of personal adventure, true and original in all its essential de- 
tails, nor a story of personal experience, embroidered somewhat by an ingenious 
editor or collaborator, but a fiction in which the element of first-hand experience 
is negligible. In short, it is "an Extraordinary Voyage, a desert island novel, 
written in 1707 upon sources which are exclusively French. . . . After excluding 
the incidents and descriptions evidently borrowed from earlier writers, not even 
the shell of a story is left." And furthermore the author is not Francois Leguat, 
but Francois Maximilicii Misson. For details of the story and its subject matter 
and their relation to social theories of the day, see Atkinson, op. cit. 

1890 LEGUAT, FRANCOIS. The Voyage of Francois Leguat, of Bresse, 
1690-98, To Rodriguez, Mauritius, Java, and the Cape of Good Hope. 
Transcribed from the First English Edition, 1708. Edited and Anno- 
tated by Capt. Samuel Pasfield Oliver, (late) R.A. Maps and illus. 
2 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 82-83. London. 

1708 LEGUAT, FRANCOIS. Voyages et aventures de Francois Leguat et de 
ses compagnons en deux isles dcscrtcs des Indcs Orientales. Avec la 
relation des choses les plus remarquables qu'ils out observees dans 
Tlsle Maurice, a Batavia, au Cap de Bon Esperance, dans 1'Isle de 
Saintc Helene, et en d'autre endroits dc leur route. Le tout enrichi de 
cartes et dc figures. 2 vols. in 1. 12mo. Londres et Amsterdam. 

1708-1710 TEIXEIRA, PEDRO. The Travels of Pedro Teixeira with his Ac- 
count of the Origin, Descent, and Succession of the Kings of Persia 
and Hormuz, . . . Translated by Capt. John Stevens. London. 



EAST INDIES 285 

Stevens published at first only the author's account of his two journies in 
1600-01 and 1603-05, which was included in A New Collection of Voyages and 

Travels, issued in monthly parts, 4to, London, 1708-1710. The whole was reis- 
sued in 2 vols., with a new general title page in 1711. Stevens translated the 
rest of Teixeira in 1715 under the title, The History of Persia, . , . See under 
1715, CENTRAL ASIA. Edited by the Hakluyt Society, London, 1901. Spanish 
original, Amberes, 1610. See below. 

Teixeira was a careful observer and a valuable witness Editor Hakluyt So- 
ciety edition. Capt. Stevens was an antiquary and translator of wide range. Among 
his other translations was Bede's Ecclesiastical History. 

1901 TEIXEIRA, PEDRO. The Journey of Pedro Teixeira from India to 
Italy by Land, 1604-05, With his Chronicle of the Kings of Ormus. 
Translated and edited by William Frederic Sinclair, with additional 
Notes by Donald William Ferguson. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 9. London. 

1610 TEIXEIRA, PEDRO. Rclacioncs de Pedro Teoxea (sic) d'el Origen De- 
scendencia y Succession de los Reyes de Persia, y de Harmuz, y de yn 
Viage hecho por elmismo Avtor desde la India Oriental hasta Italia 
por tierro. 8vo. Amberes. 

1709 CATROLJ, FRANCOIS. The General History of the Mogul Empire, 
from its Foundation by Tamerlane, to the Late Emperor of Orangzeb. 
Extracted from the Memoirs of M. Manouchi, a Venetian, and Chief 
Physician to Orangzeb for above Forty Years. Folding map of North- 
ern India. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1705. See below. 

Niccolao Manucci's book, from which Catrou drew much of his material, 
was not printed until 1907, when it was translated by William Irvine (the Indian 
Text Society), of the Bengal Civil Service, for the reason that it had disappeared 
from view until it turned up in Berlin a few years ago. Its title was Storia do 
Mogor, and it was written partly in Italian, partly in French, and partly in 
Portuguese. Historians have long bewailed its disappearance, for hitherto they 
have been unable to check the statements of Catrou. Manucci practically spent 

his life in India and witnessed so many things and records them so fully and 
delightfully that he is almost second to none as an historian of Aurangzib's reign. 
For its political and social information, this Venetian's book is "destined to be 
of more ultimate value to the historian of India." From Oaten, Early Travellers 
and Travels in India. For a modern edition of Manucci's book see below. 

1705 CATROU, FRANCOIS. Histoire generate de 1'Empire du Mogol, depuis 
sa Fondation, sur les Memcires de M. Manouchi, Venetien, par le 
P. Catrou, Jesuite. 4to. Paris. 

1907 MANUCCI, NICCOLAO. Storia do Mogor or Mogul India, 1653-1708. 
Translated with Introduction and Notes by Wm. Irvine. Numerous 
plates. 4 vols. 8vo. Indian Texts. London. 

1711 LOCKYER, CHARLES. An Account of the Trade in India, containing 
Rules for good Government in Trade, Price, Courants and Tables, with 
Descriptions of Fort St. George, Acheen, Malacca, Condore, Canton, 
Aujerigo, Muskat, Cape of Good Hope, St. Helena, . . . their Inhabi- 
tants, Customs, Religion, Animals, Fruits, . . . with an Account of the 
Dutch Affairs. 8vo, London. 



286 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1712 HALL, R. The History of the Barbarous Cruelties and Massacres, com- 
mitted by the Dutch in the East Indies; to which is added the Pro- 
ceedings of the Council of Amboyna. Frontispiece depicting horrible 
tortures. 8vo. London. 

For the Amboyna Massacre see above under 1624. 

1714 VAUGHAN, WALTER. The Adventures of Five Englishmen from 

Pulo Condoro, a Factory of the New Company in the East-Indies. 
Who were shipwreckt upon the little Kingdom of Jehore, not far dis- 
tant, and being seized on by the Inhabitants, were brought before the 
King, and detained for some Months; with the many Accidents that 
befel them during their Abode in that Island. . . . Written by Mr. 
Vaughan, one of the Adventurers. 12mo. London. 

1715 SYMSON, WILLIAM (Captain). A New Voyage to the East-Indies, 

viz., To Suratte and the Coast of Arabia, containing a Compleat De- 
scription of the Maldivy Islands, their Product, Trade, ... To which 
is added, a Particular Account of the French Factories. ... 3 plates 
and 1 folding map. 18mo. London. 

2nd edit., 12mo, London, 1720. See below. 

1720 SYMSON, WILLIAM (Captain). A New Voyage to the East-Indies 
(in the Mackles field Frigate, 1701), to Suratte and the Coast of Arabia 
. Maldivy Islands, . . . with a Voyage to the East Indies, by the 
Sieur Luillicr. Engravings. 12mo. London. 

1719 BEECKMAN, DANIEL (Captain). A Voyage to and From the Island 

of Borneo, in the East-Indies. 7 engraved plates and maps. 8vo. 
London. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton XI, 96-158. 

An unusually interesting and well-written volume of travels. On the way from 
Borneo the author visited the Cape of Good Hope, and gives a lengthy account 
of the country and the Hottentots. In his description of Borneo he speaks of the 
"Oran-Ootan," the most remarkable animal there : "These grow up to be six 
foot high; they walk upright, having longer arms than men, tolerable good faces, 
handsomer, I am sure than some Hottentots I have seen." Maggs, No. 580. An 
interesting work, even at this distance of time. Lowndes. 

1720 CORNWALL, HENRY (Captain). Observations upon several Voyages 

to India, out and home. Fol. London. 

LE BRUN, CORNEILLE. For his travels in East India see his Voyage 
to the Levanl under 1702, NEAR EAST. 



EAST INDIES 287 

1727 HAMILTON, ALEXANDER (Captain). A New Account of the East 

Indies ; being Observations and Remarks of Capt, Alexander Hamilton 
who spent his time there from 1688 to 1723, Trading and Travelling 
by Sea and Land, . . . between the Cape of Good-Hope and the Island 
of Japan. Maps and plans. 2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

Another edition, London, 1737; Edinburgh, 1739; London (?), 1744. Re- 
printed in Pinkerton VIII, 258-522. Edited for the Argonaut Press, London, 1930. 
See below. 

Hamilton's adventures are told in a most interesting manner. His work, in 
the charm of its naive simplicity, perfect honesty, with some similarity of subject 
in its account of people little known, offers a closer parallel to Herodotus than 
perhaps any other in modern literature. From D.N.B., quoted by Robinson, 
No. 19. Being both trader and traveller, Hamilton had occasion to visit "most of 
the countries and islands of Commerce and Navigation between the Cape of Good 
Hope and the Island of Japon." Quoted by Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels 
in India. 

1930 HAMILTON, ALEXANDER (Captain). A New Account of the East 
Indies. Now edited with Introduction and Notes by Sir William Fos- 
ter. Numerous maps, illus. Facsimile of the only known letter of Alex- 
ander Hamilton. 2 vols. 4to. Argonaut Press. London. 

1728 SALMON, THOMAS. Modern History of the Present State of all Na- 

tions, Vols. 1-4 (China, Japan, Philippine Islands, Amboyna, Moluccas, 
Borneo, Java, Sumatra, India, Ceylon, Persia, and Turkey). Folding 
maps. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted, London, 1739. 

The author travelled many years abroad and was with Anson on his voyage 
around the world in 1740-45. He published many historical and geographical works. 

1729 ARRIAN. Arrian's History of Alexander's Expedition, translated from 

the Greek, with Notes historical, geographical and critical, by Mr. 
Rooke. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Sec also McCrindle under 1896 below. 



1731 FORBIN, COUNT DE. Memoirs, containing his pleasant Narrative of 

the Voyages he made to the East Indies, his particular Account of the 
Battle at La Hogue and other Fights, and his Secret History of Chev- 
alier de St. Georges Expedition from Dunkirk to Scotland in 1708, 
translated from the French. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1732 An Historical Relation of the Island of Ceylon in the East-Indies, ... Il- 

lustrated with cuts and a map of the Island. Fol. 

Mentioned in Churchill with no place and no date. 

The author who lived long in that country gives a general description of it, 
referring the reader to the map; and then the whole natural history. Churchill, 
Introduction. 



288 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

The Idolatry of the East India Pagans. A true and full Account of the 
Religious Worship of the Indostans, the Inhabitants of Coromandel, 
the Malabars, arid Ceylon, with a Description of their Idols. In Church- 
ill III, 753-821. 

NIEUHOFF, JOHN. The Voyages and Travels into Brasil and the 
East Indies (two separate voyages). Containing an exact Description 
of Dutch Brasil and divers Parts of the East Indies : their Provinces, 
Cities, Living Creatures, and Products; the Manners, Customs, Hab- 
its and Religion of the Inhabitants; with a particular Account of all 
the Remarkable Passages that happened during the Author's Stay 
of Nine Years in Braril; especially in Relation to the Revolt of the 
Portuguese and the Intestine Wars carried on from 1640, to 1649. 
As also a most ample Description of the most famous City of Batavia 
in the East Indies. In Churchill II, 1-326. 

Dutch original, Amsterdam, 1682. See below. See also Nieuhoff under 1669, 
FAR EAST. 

Nieuhoff, who was in the service of the Dutch East India Company, gives 
detailed and explicit news of the unsettled condition of the districts on the Malabar 
coast. He characterises the inhabitants of that region as "cither Merchants or 
Pirates." The lower castes inhabiting the Malabar towns he shows to have been 
living under horrible conditions. Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India. 

1682 NIEUHOFF, J. Gedenkweerdige Brasiliaense zee- en lantreize benefens 
een beschrijving van gaiitsch Neerlandts Brasil, zoo van lantschappen, 
steden, gewassen, enz. en inzonderheit een verhael der merkwaardigste 
voorvallen die zich van 1640 tot 49 hebben toegedragen. Zee- en lant- 
reize door verscheidc gewesten van Oost-Indien . . . benefens een 
beschrijving van lantschappen, steden, diercn, gewassen, draghten, zeden, 
enz., een verhael van Batavia. 4 maps and 45 plates, etc. Fol. Am- 
sterdam. 

Some Reasons for the Unhealthfulness of the Island of Bombay. In 
Churchill VI, 358. 

1733 RENAUDOT, EUSEBIUS (Abbe). For an account of India in the 9th 
century see his Ancient Accounts of India and China, under FAR 

EAST. 

1737 DOWNING, CLEMENT. A History of the Indian Wars, 1715-1723, 
with an Account of the Life and Actions of John Plantain, a notorious 
Pyrate at Madagascar, his Wars with the Natives on that Island, 
where having continued eight years he joined Angria and was made 
his chief Admiral. London. 

Reprinted, with Introduction and Notes by William Foster, 8vo, Oxford, 1924. 

A rare volume of adventures by one of the sailors on the early 18th century 
"East Indiamen" whose career included also a captaincy of artillery in the Mogul 
empire; work in fighting Marathas ; and help in a famous expedition under 
Commodore Matthews, hunting for European pirates, at Madagascar. Booksell- 
er's Note. 



EAST INDIES 289 

1740 WITHINGTON, NICHOLAS. Travels of Nicholas Withington, a Fac- 
tor in the East Indies. See Cockburn, John: A Faithful Account of 
the Distresses and Adventures with Five other Englishmen on an Un- 
inhabited Island, under CENTRAL AMERICA. 

1744-48 BEAULIEU, COMMODORE. The Expedition of Commodore Beau- 
lieu to the East Indies ; containing a curious and accurate Description 
of the Sea Coasts ... as also Abundance of curious Observations on 
the Manners of the People, the Nature of their Governments, and the 
Means of establishing Colonies amongst them. Written by himself and 
published by Thevenot in his large Collection of Voyages. In Harris 
I, 717-749. 

Beaulieu left Honfleur Oct. 2, 1619, and returned Dec. 1, 1622. 

A Compleat History of the Rise and Progress of the Portuguese Empire 
in the East-Indies ; their Discoveries set forth in their natural Order, 
the Form of their Government in those Parts explained; the Causes 
of the Declension of their Power examined, and the present Posture 
of their Affairs, in those Parts of the World, truly stated. Collected 
chiefly from their Writings. In Harris I, 662-700. 

A Generalized Account of the Discovery, Settlement, and Voyages, Zool- 
ogy, Animals, Commerce, ... of the East Indies from earliest Times 
down. In Harris I, 370-520. 

An account treating, in true eighteenth century style of generalised summar- 
ies, of Egyptian, Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine, Portuguese, English, Dutch, 
and French discoveries. 

An Historical Account of the Intercourse between the Inhabitants of 
Great Britain and the People in the East-Indies; containing likewise 
a compleat History of the East India Company, from its Erection un- 
der Queen Elizabeth, of glorious Memory, and of the several Alterations 
that have been made down to the present Reign. In Harris, 873-924. 

A long account of the affair at Amboyna. 

The History of the Danish Commerce to the East Indies, and their Estab- 
lishment there, the Decay of their Old Company, and the Motives 
which induced them to set up a new One. Interspersed with Original 

Papers and Memoirs. In Harris I, 976-980. 



290 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

PYRARD DE LAVAL, FRANCOIS. The Voyage of Pirard de Laval to 
the East Indies ; his Shipwreck among the Maldives, and his copious 
Account of that Archipelago, translated from the Original Voyage 
published by himself in French. In Harris I, 701-707. 

Edited for the Hakluyt Society, London, 1887-89. French original, Paris, 1611 ; 
another edition, Paris, 1613. See below. 

Pyrard's travels covered the years between 1601 and 1611, and have crowded 
into them a welter of shipwrecks, imprisonments, and other adventures such as 
seldom falls to a man without leaving him permanently scarred. He sailed out on 
the Corbin, one of the two ships fitted out hy some French merchants in a belated 
endeavor to open up trade relations with the East. The ship was wrecked on one 
of the Maldive Islands and the crew imprisoned. Pyrard, who quickly learned the 
language of the natives, was taken into favor by the king, who kept the Frenchman 
by him until five years later when the place was raided by a hostile group from 
Chittagong, India, and Pyrard, with his three companions, were carried off to the 
latter place. He then travelled to the Malabar Coast, where he was for a time a 
prisoner to the Portuguese, who sent him on some expeditions to the Moluccas. 
Along with other foreign residents he was shipped to Europe on some Portuguese 
vessels and was wrecked again, this time on the coast of Brazil. But Europe saw 
him safe at home at last. His first-hand experiences and acquaintance with vari- 
ous parts of the mainland of India and the islands of the Archipelago make his 
record a valuable repository of geographical and historical knowledge of the 
East. Especially has it been commended for his account of the Maldive Islands, 
which almost up to the present day have been a Terra Incognita. See Heawood, 
Geographical Discoveries. 

1887-89 PYRARD, FRANCOIS (of Laval). The Voyage of Francois Pyrard, 
of Laval, To the East Indies, the Maldives, the Moluccas and Brazil. 
Translated from the third French edition of 1619, and edited by Albert 
Gray, assisted by Harry Charles Purvis Bell. Maps and illus. 2 vols. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 76, 77, 80 (part II of vol. 76). London, 

1611 PYRARD DE LAVAL, FRANCOIS. Discours du voyages des Francois 
Pyrard de Laval aux Indes Orientales, Maldives, Mpluques, et au 
Brasil depuis 1601 jusqu'en 1611. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

A Succinct History of the Empire of the Great Mogul, from its Founda- 
tion by the Great Tartar Conqueror Timur Bee, or Tamerlane, to the 
present Time. Taken chiefly from Oriental Writers. In Harris I, 629- 
662. 



A Succinct History of the Rise, Progress and Establishment of the Dutch 
East India Company, with a View of the Immense Profits arising from 
that Commerce, and a Prospect of their Affairs, and the Manner in 
which they are conducted as well at Home, as on their extensive Set- 
tlement Abroad. Collected chiefly from their Writings. In Harris I, 

924-975. 

A very competent historical view of the growth of the Company. 

A Succinct History of the Swedish East India Company. Including an 
Extract of the Royal Charter. In Harris I, 980-983. 



EAST INDIES 291 

1745 GALVANO, ANTONIO. The Discoveries of the World from their 
Original, unto the Year of our Lord 1555. Briefly written in the 
Portugal Tongue . . . Corrected, quoted, and now published in English 
by Richard Hakluyt, Sometime Student of Christ-Church, Oxford. In 
Obsorne II, 352-402. 

Hakluyt' s translation was made in 1601 (or according to Parks in 1603). 
Edited for the Hakluyt Society, 1862 Portuguese original, Lisbon, 1563. See below. 

Galvano was Governor of Ternate in the Moluccas. Hakluyt, in his dedication 
to Sir Robert Cecil (dated Get 29, 1601), takes occasion to give high praise to 
Galvario both for his intrinsic worth and for his "restoring and settling the 
decayed state of the Isles of Moluccas " He also states that this work had been 
translated by some unknown person many years back, and that he had the work 
by him for twelve years, but he was unable to obtain the original copy. The book 
gives a good summary of the geographical exploits of the Portuguese. 

1862 GALVANO, ANTONIO. The Discoveries of the World, From their first 
original unto the year of our Lord 1555. By Antonio Galvano, Gov- 
ernor of Ternate. (Kdited by F. de Sousa Tavares ) Published in Eng- 
land by Richard Hakluyt, 1601. Now reprinted, with the original Por- 
tuguese text (1563), and edited by Vice- Admiral Charles R. Drink- 
water Bethune, CB. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 30. London, 

1563 GALVANO, ANTONIO. Tratado que compos o nobrc notauel capitano 
Antonio Galvano, dos diversos e desuayrados cammhos por onde nos 
tempos passados a pimenta e espccaria veto da India. . . 8vo. Lisbon. 

1745-47 An Account of the Portuguese Possessions from the Cape of Good 
Hope to China. In Astley I, 85-88. 

ALBOQUERQUE, AFONSO DE. Exploits of Alboquerque, while Vice- 
Roy of India from 1510-16. Abstract in Astley I, 71-76. 

Taken from his Commentaries, which were collected from his own letters to 
King Don Manuel. The Commentaries were printed in Lisbon, 1557, with later 
reprints. An edition was published by the Hakluyt Society, 4 vols., 1875-1883. See 
below. 

In 1709 the great Viceroy Alboquerque assumed charge of Portuguese affairs 
in the East Indies and by his practical genius greatly extended the po\ver and trade 
as well as the territorial possessions of the Portuguese. 

1875-1883 DALBOQUERQUE, AFONSO. The Commentaries of the Great 
Afonso Dalboquerque, Second Viceroy of India. Translated from the 
Portuguese edition of 1774, and edited by Walter de Gray Birch, F.R.S. 
L. Maps and illus. 4 vols Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 53, 55, 62, 69. 
London. 

1557 ALBOQUERQUE, AFONSO DE. Commentaries do Grande Afonso d'- 
Alboquerque, capitan general que foy das Indias Orientales, em tempo 
do muito poderoso Rey dom Manuel, o primciro deste nome. 4to. 
Lisbon. 

AL,MEYDA, DON FRANCISCO DE. Exploits of the Portuguese in the 
year 1507 under Don Francisco de Almeyda, first vice-roy of India 
Generalized account in Astley I, 58-70. 



292 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

CABRAL, PEDRO ALVAREZ. Voyage in 1500, being the second voy- 
age of the Portuguese to the East Indies. Chiefly from Castanheda, in 
Grynaeus' Latin Collection. Generalized account in Astley I, 40-48. 

In sailing to the East Indies Cabral avoided the perils of the Guinea Coast of 
Africa and headed far to the westward. In so doing he reached the coast of Brazil 
and so paved the way for the Portuguese colonization in South America. 

CASTRO, DON JUAN DE. The Voyage of Don Stefano da Gama, 
from Goa to Suez, in 1540, with Intent to burn the Turkish Galleys in 
that Port. Written by Juan de Castro, then a Captain in the Fleet, 
afterwards Governor and Vice-Roy of India. Translated from the 
Portuguese and abbreviated. In Astley I, 107-130. 

Castro was one of the great viceroys in the Portuguese East Indies. 

CASTRO, DON JUAN DE. The Second Siege of Diu by Mahmud King 
of Cambaya, in 1545, under the government of Don Juan de Castro. 
Abstract in Astley I, 132-137. 



DA GAMA, VASCO. Voyage to India in 1497, being the first performed 
by the Portuguese round Africa. Generalized Account in Astley I, 21- 
40. Second Voyage in 1502, being the fourth made by the Portuguese 
to the East Indies. Generalized Account in Astley I, 50-54. 

Da Gama's famous voyage to India was related by several authorities, such 
as Juan de Barras, Ramusio, Massi, Faria y Sousa, and Castanheda, and others. 
It also formed the subject of Camoens' famous epic poem Os Lusiads, which was 
published at Lisbon, 1572, and translated into English in 1655 by Sir Richard 
Fanshawe. This version was superseded by William J. Mickle's translation of 
1778. Edited for the Hakluyt Society, 1898. See below and also under 1869. 

In making for the tip end of Africa Da Gama sailed a middle course and 
eventually succeeded in rounding the Cape of Good Hope. Progressing up the east 
coast of Africa he encountered the favorable monsoon wind and reached Calicut, 
May 23, 1498. The famous greeting with which the Portuguese were received has 
often been quoted: "May the devil take thee. What brought you hither?" Well 
might these Moorish traders from Tunis be dismayed. And well might the voy- 
agers be surprised on hearing themselves addressed in Castilian. After loading 
up with spices they set out for the return voyage, and with fleet and crew reduced 
in numbers and strength, they arrived at the Tagus on July 10, 1499. The effect 
of this discovery on the history of Europe is too well known to be recounted. 
What is generally overlooked is the tragic consequences to the East when "the 
Portuguese burst into the Indian Ocean like a pack of hungry wolves upon a 
well-stocked sheep-walk." The Portuguese Empire in Asia has been referred to 
as a tragedy ; it was also a satire on human nature. From Oaten, Early Travel- 
lers and Travels in India. 

1898 DA GAMA, VASCO. A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama, 
1497-99. By an unknown Writer. Translated from the Portuguese, 
with an Introduction and Notes, by Ernest George Ravenstein, F.R. 
G.S, Maps and illus. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 99. London. 



EAST INDIES 293 

NUEVA, JUAN DE. Voyage to India, being the third performed by the 
Portuguese to the East Indies. Chiefly from Castanheda. Brief ab- 
stract in Astley I, 49-50. 

SOAREZ, MDPE. A brief Account of the Portuguese Transactions in 
India, from 1516-1521, under the government of Lope Soarez. Ab- 
stract in Astley I, 76-79. 

SOLEYMAN, BASHA. The Voyage of Soleyman Basha, from Suez 
to India, in his Expedition against the Portuguese at Diu, in 1537. 
Written by an Officer of the Venetian Galleys (who was pressed into 
the Turkish service), and now first translated from the Italian. To- 
gether with the Siege of Diu by Soleyman Basha of Egypt. In Astley 
I, 88-107. 

Transactions and Discoveries of the Portuguese in India from 1521-1537 
and from 1537-1542. In Astley I, 79-85. 

Voyages and Transactions of the Portuguese in India from 1503-1507, with 
the Exploits of Pachuco, from various sources. In Astley I, 54-58. 

(See Astley, Vol. I, Bk. Ill, for abstracts of the following English Voy- 
agers taken from Purchas.) 

The Voyage of Captain James Lancaster, in the Year 1600, being the first 
made on Account of the East India Company. 262-279. 

See A True and Large Discourse under 1603 above. 

The Voyage of Captain (afterwards Sir) Henry Middleton, in 1604, being 
the second set forth by the East India Company. 279-283. 

See Middleton under 1606 above. 

An Account of Java, and the first Settlement of the English at Bantam. 
With a Journal of Occurrences there ; particularly in Regard to what 
passed between them and the Dutch, as well as the Natives, from 1602, 
to 1605 inclusively. Extracted from the larger Relation, written by 
Edmund Scot, chief Factor. 284-305. 



The Voyage of Sir Edward Michelburne, to Bantam, in 1604. 306-312. 



294 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

The Voyage of Captain William Keeling, in 1607, to Bantam and Banda; 
being the third set out by the India Company. Written by the Captain 
himself, and abbreviated. 312-332. 

The Voyage of Captain David Middleton to Bantam, and the Molukkos, 
in 1607. 332-335. 



The Voyage of Captain Alexander Sharpey, in 1608 ; being the fourth set 
out by the East India Company. Written by Captain Robert Coverte. 
336-344. 

See Coverte under 1612 above. 

A brief Account of the same Voyage of the Ascension. Written by Thomas 
Jones. 344-348. 

The Voyage of Captain Richard Rowles to Priaman, in the Union ; being 
a Continuation of the fourth Voyage. 348-351. 

The Voyage of Captain David Middleton to Java and Banda, 1609; being 
the fifth Voyage set out by the Company. Extracted from a Letter writ- 
ten by himself to the Merchants. 351-360. 

The Voyage of Sir Henry Middleton to the Red-Sea, and Surat, in 1610 ; 
being the sixth Voyage set out by the East India Company. Written 
by himself. 360-389. 

The Journal of Captain Nicholas Dounton, Lieutenant-General, in the same 
Voyage of Sir Henry Middleton. 390-429. 

The Voyage of Captain Anthony Hippon to the Coast of Koromandel, Ban- 
tam, and Siam, in 1611 ; being the seventh set forth by the East India 
Company. Written by Nathaniel Marten, Master's Mate. 429-435. 

The Journal of Mr. Peter Williamson Floris, Cape-Merchant in the same 
Voyage of Captain Hippon. Translated from the Dutch, and con- 
tracted. 435-446. 



The Voyage of Captain Samuel Castleton to Priaman, in 1612. Written by 
John Tatten, Master. 446-451. 



EAST INDIES 295 

The Voyage of Captain John Saris to the Red-Sea, the Molukkos, and 
Japan, in 1611 ; being the eighth Voyage set forth by the East India 
Company. Collected out of the Captain's own Journal. 451-496. 

Occurrences at Bantam, and other Parts of the East Indies, from October 
1605, till October 1609; with an Account of the Marts and Commod- 
ities of those Parts. By Captain John Saris. 496-508. 

1746 CEREAU, J. A. DU. For his description of Indostan and an account of 
the Great Moguls, see his Nadir-Shah, under CENTRAL ASIA. 

1750 BOSCAWEN, EDWARD (Admiral). Journal, or Narrative of the Bos- 
cawen's Voyage to Bombay in the East-Indies, Benjamin Braund, 
Commander, with Remarks on her Remarkable Quick Passage thither, 
and some Surprising Events that occurr'd during the same anno 1749, 
by a Young Gentleman; also Thoughts on Trade, Duties, Smuggling, 
Shipwrecks, . . . 8vo. London. 

Another edition, 4to, Edinburgh, 1756. 

This naval expedition was sent against the French at Pondicherry. It was 
unsuccessful, owing to bad weather and the incapacity of the engineers, and cost 
the lives of 1965 British and about 200 French soldiers. In these operations Kn- 
sign Clive, afterwards Lord Clive, gained his firbt military distinction. Maggs, 
No. 534. 

1754 Explanation of the Map of the Seat of War on the Coast of Choromandel ; 
with an Account of the War. Folding map. 4to. London. 

1757 GROSE, JOHN HENRY. Voyage to the East Indies. 2 vols. London. 

Later editions, 2 vols., London, 1766; 2 vols, London, 1772 (said to be the 
best one). Translated into French, London and Paris, 1758 See below. 

The author was the brother of the more celebrated antiquarian, Francis Grose, 
author of the Antiquities of England and Wales, immortalised by Burns as the 
"chiel amang you takin' notes." 

1766 GROSE, JOHN HENRY. Voyage to the East Indies, 1750-1764: Obser- 
vations on the Deccan and Bengal Viceroyalties, Religion, Trade, Eu- 
ropean Settlements, . . . Revised edition. Six etched views 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

1758 (In French.) Voyage aux Indes Orientates, traduit de 1'anglois par M. 
Hernandez. 12mo. London and Paris. 

Noticed in the Journal dcs Scavans, 1758, IV, 401 ; VI, 39. 



296 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

A New History of the East Indies, Ancient and Modern, containing the 
Chorography, Natural History, Religion, Government, Manners and 
Customs, Revolutions, Commerce, ... of those Countries. Folding 
maps. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

This work is composed of a translation of the Abb Guyon's History and of 
a supplement taken chiefly from other writers. Bookseller's Note. 

PLAISTED, BARTHOLOMEW. A Journal from Calcutta in Bengal 
by Sea, to Busserah, from thence through the Great Dessert to Aleppo ; 
and from thence to Marseilles, and through France to England, in the 
Year 1750. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., with additional chapters, London, 1758. See below. Translated into 
French in 1758. 

A useful, entertaining, sensible little work. Lowndes. 

1758 PLAISTED, BARTHOLOMEW. A Journal from Calcutta, by Sea, to 
Busserah, from thence across the Great Desert to Aleppo, and from 
thence to Marseilles, and thro' France to England, in the year 1750, 
to which are added, Capt. Elliot's Directions for passing over the Lit- 
tle Desert, from Busserah, by the way of Bagdad, Orsa and Aleppo. 
Folding map. 8vo. London. 

1760-61 CAMPBELL, JOHN. Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, 1757. 
Complete History of the War in India, 1749-1761. Reflections on the 
Government of Indostan. 3 vols. in 1. 8vo. London. 



1762 A Voyage to the East Indies in 1747 and 1748: Java, Batavia, the Dutch 

Government, Canton and China. . . . Interspersed with many useful 
and curious Observations and Anecdotes. 11 engraved plates, including 
a view of St. Helena, and a folding view of Batavia. 8vo. London. 

This work is ascribed rather doubtfully to a C. F. Noble. 

WYNNE, JOHN HUDDLESTONE. History of the East Indies, an- 
tient and modern. 2 vols. London. 

Wynne was a miscellaneous writer in the employ of the East India Company 
from 1759 to 1761. 

1763 SCRAFTON, LUKE. Reflections on the Government of Indostan, with 

a short Sketch of the History of Bengal, from the year 1739 to 1756; 
and an Account of the English Affairs in 1758. 12mo. London. 

Another edition, 8vo, London, 1770. 



EAST INDIES 297 

1763-1778 ORME, ROBERT. A History of the Military Transactions of the 
British Nation in Indostan, from the Year 1745. To which is prefixed a 
Dissertation on the Establishments made by Mahomedari Conquerors 
in Indostan. 34 large engraved maps and views, including the large 
view of Calcutta, and plans of Calcutta, Madras, Pondicherry, etc. 
3 vols. 4to. London. 

A portion of this work was translated into French, Amsterdam, 1765. See 
below. See also Orme under 1782 below. 

This valuable historical work occupies so vast a field that every future his- 
torian of India must unavoidably trench in a greater or less degree upon his 
premises. The large engraved view of Calcutta should alone be worth the value 
of the entire work. Quoted by Maggs, No. 521. Orme was for many years 
connected with the affairs of the East India Company, and was the historiographer 
of the Company. 

1765 (In French.) Histoire des guerrcs cle 1'Inde ou des evenemens militaires 
arrives dans 1'Indoustan depuis 1'annee 1745, traduit de 1'anglois de 
Robert Orme par J.-H. Targe 2 vols. 12mo. Amsterdam. 

1764 HOLWELL, JOHN ZEPHANIAH. Indian Tracts ; including the Nar- 
rative of the Black Hole at Calcutta, Defense of Vansittart, East 
India Company Affairs, 1752-1760. 4to. London. 

The Narrative of the Black Hole was first published in 1758. Holwell was 
surgeon to the East India Company, 1732-1749, and one of the survivors of the 
Black Hole. He later became temporary Governor of Bengal but was dismissed 
for protesting Vansittart's appointment. He was also the first European to study 
Hindu antiquities. See Holwell under 1766-1771 below. 

1766 VANSITTART, HENRY. A Narrative of the Transactions in Bengal 
during the Government of Vansittart, 1760-64, by Himself. 3 vols. 

8vo. London. 

The work includes manners and customs of the Hindus and other odd matters. 
The author took service with the Kast India Company in 1746. In the years 1760- 
64 he was Governor of Bengal. His efforts to weed out corruption in the affairs 
of the East India Company only made him enemies. On his return to England he 
was coldly received by the Company and by Lord Clive. However, in 1769 he 
became one of the directors of the Company. On his return \oyage to India 
his ship, after touching at the Cape of Good Hope, disappeared from all knowl- 
edge. From D. N. B. 

1766-1771 HOLWELL, JOHN ZEPHANIAH. Interesting historical Events 
relating to the Provinces of Bengal, and the Empire of Indostan, with 
a seasonable hint and perswasive to the Honourable the Court of Di- 
rectors of the East India Company as also the Mythology and Cos- 
mogony, Fasts and Festivals of the Gentoos, followers of the Shastah. 
3 parts in 1 vol. 9 plates. 8vo. London. 

Translated into French, Amsterdam, 1768. See below. 

1768 (In French.) Evenemens Historiques et interessants Relatifs aux Provinces 
de Bcn^ale et Indostan par J. Z. Holwell. Traduit de 1'Anglois. 4to. 
Amsterdam. 



298 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1768 DOW, ALEXANDER. The History of Indostan: translated from the 
Persian. 3 vols. London. 

2nd edit., London, 1770; again, London, 1792. 

The dissertation on the religion and philosophy of the Bramahs contains many 
particulars relative to India and the inhabitants in their present state Pinkcrton 
XVII. This history is chiefly made up from Bernier's Travels, without acknowl- 
edgement. Lowndes. As a matter of fact this work is a translation, according to 
later pronouncements, of Ferishta's History of Hindustan. Dow was an historian 
and dramatist who served in the British military forces in India. 

1770 ELLIS, JOHN. Directions for bringing over Seeds and Plants from the 

East Indies. London. 

The Importance of the British Dominion in India, compared with that in 
America. 16mo. London. 

1771 OSBECK, PETRUS. Voyage to China and the East Indies, with a Voy- 

age to Suratte by Olof Toreen, and Account of the Chinese Hus- 
bandry by Capt. C. G. Eckeberg, translated by J. R. Forster ; to which 
is added, a Faunula and Flora Sinensis. Plates. 2 vols. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

Swedish original of Osbeck's voyage, Stockholm, 1756. See below. See also 
this date under FAR EAST. 

1756 OSBECK, PETRUS. Dagbok oeswer en Ostindisk Resa, med Anmerk- 
ninger af Naturkundigheten, med Torene's Resa til Suratc och Ostin- 
dien. 8vo. Stockholm. 

TOREEN, OLOF. For his Voyage to Surat see under Osbeck this date 
above. 



1772 BOLTS, WILLIAM. Considerations on India Affairs; particularly re- 
specting the Present State of Bengal and its Dependencies. 2nd edi- 
tion, with Additions. Map. 4to. London. 

Bolts was a Dutch adventurer who entered the Bengal civil service, and got 
into trouble for private trading in the name of the East India Company. After 
bein^ deported to England in 1768, he published this work attacking the govern- 
ment in Bengal. From D. N. B. 

PATULLO, . Essay on the Cultivation of the Lands and Improve- 
ment of the Revenues of Bengal. London. 

VERELST, HARRY. View of the Rise, Progress and Present State of 
the English Government in Bengal; including a Reply to the Misrep- 
resentations of Mr. Bolts, and other Writers. 4to. London. 



EAST INDIES 299 

1773 BOLTS, WILLIAM. Civil, political, and commercial State of Bengal. 
2 vols. London. 

Translated into French, the Hague, 1775. See below. 

1775 (In French.) Etat-civil, politiquc et commercant du Bengale, ou histoire 
des coiiquetes et de ^administration de la Compapnie Angloise dans ce 

pays. Traduit de TAnglois (par M. Demeunier) de M. Bolts, juge de 
la Cour du Mai re de Calcutta. 2 vols. 8vo. The Hague. 

IVES, EDWARD. A Voyage from England to India, in the year 1754; 
interspersed with some interesting Passages relative to the Manners, 
Customs, ... of several Nations in Indostan ; also a Journey from 
Persia to England by an unusual Route. . . . An Historical Narrative 
of the Operations of the Squadron and Army in India, under the Com- 
mand of Vice-Admiral Watson and Col. Clive, in the years 1755, 1756, 
and 1757; including the Correspondence between the Admiral and the 
Nabob Seraja Dowla. Chart, map, and 13 plates. 4to. London. 

Ive's presence at many of the transactions which he describes and his per- 
sonal intimacy with Watson give his historical narrative an unusual importance, 
and his account of the manners and customs of the countries he visited, are those 
of an enlightened and acute observer. Sir J. K. Laughton, quoted. The appen- 
dix contains an "Account of the Diseases prevalent in Adml. Watson's squadron, 
a description of most of the Trees, Shrubs, and Plants of India, with their medi- 
cinal virtues." Ivc's interest in the medicinal qualities of plants was professional 
as he was a surgeon. 

The State of the British Empire in Bengal. London. 

1776 RAYNAL, GUILLAUME THOMAS FRANCOIS (Abbe). Philosoph- 

ical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Euro- 
peans in the East and West Indies. See under WEST INDIES. 

1777 KINDERSLEY, (Mrs.). For an account of India see her Letters from 

Teneriffe, under AFRICA. 

1779 DALRYMPLE, ALEXANDER. Journal of a Voyage to the East Indies 
in the Grenville, 1775. 4to. London. 

Dalrymple will be remembered for his association with the project sponsored 
by the Royal Society in 1769 to send out expeditions to observe the transit of 
Venus. See Dalrymple, under 1770-71, COLLECTIONS. In 1795 he was made 
Hydrographer to the Admiralty. 

FORREST, THOMAS (Captain). Voyage to New Guinea and the Mo- 
luccas, including an Account of the Magindano, Sooloo, and other Is- 
lands, during the years 1774-76. Vocabulary of the Magindano Ton- 
gue. Portrait and plates. 4to. London. 



300 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

An edition, 8vo, Dublin, 1779. 

Sec Forrest under \77 { ), SOUTH SEAS This work supplies what is wanting 
in Sonnerat, as it is full of the physical and moral character of the inhabitants, 
and of their language, mode of life and trade. Lowndes. Was this valuable 
work of Sonnerat's never translated into English? 

SULLIVAN, SIR RICHARD JOSEPH. An Analysis of the Political 
History of India. London. 

1781 MACKINTOSH, WILLIAM. For remarks on the British settlements in 

India see his Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa, under GENERAL 
TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

PECHEL, SAMUEL. An Historical Account of the Settlement and 
Possession of Bombay by the East India Company, and of the Rise and 
Progress of the War with the Mahratta Nation. 8vo. London. 

Never published: only a few copies given away by the author. Halkett and 
Laing. 

1782 MARSDEN, WILLIAM. The History of Sumatra; containing an Ac- 

count of the Government, Laws, Customs and Manners of the Na- 
tive Inhabitants, with a Description of the natural Productions, and a 
Relation of the ancient political State of the Island. Map. 4to. 
London. 

2nd edit., London, 1784; 3rd edit., with roy. fol. Atlas containing 19 plates, 
London, 1811. 

This book gave Marsden a reputation that still holds today. He was an orien- 
talist, in the service of the East India Company, and resided in Sumatra in 1771-79. 
He studied everything that came under his notice, including the difficult Sumatran 
tongue. He was one of the coterie of scientists that gathered around Sir Joseph 
Banks, President of the Royal Society. 

ORME, ROBERT. Historical Fragments on the Mogul Empire and the 
Marattas. 2 vols. London. 

See Orme, 1763-1778, above. 

1783 CAPPER, JAMES (Colonel). Observations on the Passage to India 

through Egypt and across the Great-Desert. Map. 4to. London. 

Later editions, London, 1785 and 1788. 

Capper was the author of several works on meteorology, such as Observations 
on the Winds and Monsoons, etc. 

FORREST, THOMAS (Captain). Journal of the Esther Brig . . . from 
Bengal to Quedah. London. 



EAST INDIES 301 

1785 FORSTER, GEORGE. Sketches of the Mythology and Customs of the 
Hindoos. 8vo. London. 



GOUGH, RICHARD. Comparative View of the Ancient Monuments of 
India, chiefly those in the Island of Salset, described by different 
Writers. Plates. 4to. London. 

Gough was the best known antiquary in Great Britain. He was never in 
India himself. 

HUNTER, WILLIAM. Concise Account of ... Pegu. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1793. See below. 

Hunter was a surgeon as well as an orientalist, who went to India in 1781 and 
settled at Agra. He accompanied Palmer's expedition in 1792-93 to Oujein, of 
which he published an account in Asiatic Researches. He also got out a Hindustani- 
English Dictionary in 1808. According to Pinkerton the information of Hunter 
respecting the Birman Empire was the best till the appearance of Symes' val- 
uable work. 

1793 (In French.) Description de Pegu et de Tile Ceylon; renfermant des de- 
tails exacts et neufs sur le climat, le productions, le commerce, le gouv- 
ernment, les moeurs et usages de ces contrees, par W. Hunter, Jean 
Christophe Losef , et Eschelskroon ; traduit de 1'Anglais et de 1'Alle- 
mand. 8vo. Paris. 

WOLF, JOHANN CHRISTOPHER. Journey to Ceylon, with an Ac- 
count of the Dutch Rule at Jafnapatam. Translated from the Ger- 
man by Erkelskrom. London. 

German original, Berlin, 1785. See below. 

It is a question whether Erkelskrom or Eschelskroon is the correct spelling 

of this name. The former is given by Pinkerton XVII. 

1785 WOLF, JOHANN CHRISTOPHER. Reise nach Zeylon, nebst Bericht 
von der Hollandischen Regicrung zu Jafnapatam. Berlin. 

1786 ERADUT KHAN. Memoirs of Eradut Khan; with Anecdotes of Aur- 
ungzebe, Shaw Aulum and Jehaunder Shaw, translated by Jonathan 
Scott. (Included with Capper's Observations on the Passage to India, 
in a volume whose leading work is RenneH's Memoir of a Map of Hin- 
doostan; see Rennell under 1788 below.) 

HASTINGS, WARREN. Memoirs relative to the State of Bengal in 
India. London. 

An enlarged edition in 8vo, London, 1787. 



302 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1787 ROBSON, FR. Vie d'Haider-Aly-Khan precedee de 1'histoire de 1'usur- 

pation en pays de Maissour, et autres pays voisins, par ce prince suivie 
d'un recit authentique des mauvais traitements qu'ont eprouves les an- 
glais qui furent faits prisonniers de guerre par son fils Tippon Khan. 
Traduit de 1'anglais. 12mo. Paris. 

The English original of this translation has not come to the notice of the 
editor. 

1788 An Account of the Prince of Wales' Island, or Pulo Peenang in the East 

Indies. (From a Collection of Tracts.) London. 

FULLARTON, W. A View of the English Interests in India; and an 
Account of the Military Operations in the Southern Parts of the Pen- 
insula during the Campaigns of 1782-84. With a plan. London. 

HOWEL, THOMAS. Journal of the Passage from India by a Route 
partly unfrequented through Armenia and Natolia or Asia Minor. 
Map. 8vo. London. 

See the same under NEAR EAST. 

RENNELL, JAMES (Major). Memoirs of a Map of Hindoostan or the 
Mogul Empire, with Introduction on the Geography and Present Divi- 
sion of the Country, and Account of the Ganges and Burrampooter 
Rivers. 4 maps and plans. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., with considerable additions and a supplementary map, 5 maps in all, 
4to, London, 1792; 3rd edit., enlarged with a second supplementary map, London, 
1793. To this edition was added, Memoir of the Map of the Peninsula, with a 
new title for the whole. Maggs, No. 521, cites an edition, with a slightly different 
title, under the date 1783. Translated into French, Leipzig, 1800. See below. 

James Rennell, the famous geographer, spent a great part of his life in India, 
or occupied in Indian affairs. His maps were of the greatest importance. His 
survey of Bengal, commenced in 1764, when he was only 22, was the first ever 
prepared. His second great work was the construction of the first approximately 
correct map of India. Maggs, No. 521. He was a close friend of Sir Joseph 
Banks, the eminent naturalist. Admiral Markham remarks of him that he was the 
greatest geographer that Great Britain has yet produced. His maps of Africa and 
especially those prepared for Mungo Parks' Travels were the first to put the 
geography of that continent into intelligible shape. From Smith's Life of Sir 
Joseph Banks. 

1800 (In French.) Description historique et geographique de 1'Indostan traduite 
de 1'anglais par J.-B. Boncheseiche sur la septieme et derniere Edition, 
& laquelle on a joint dcs melanges d'histoire et de statistique sur 1'Inde, 
traduits par J. Cast^ra. 3 vols. 8vo. Leipzic. 

An Atlas in 4to with 11 maps is added. 

1789 A Description of several artificial Caverns in the Neighborhood of Bom- 

bay. (Calcutta, 1788.) London. 



EAST INDIES 303 

A Letter from a Gentleman on board an Indiaman, giving an Account of 
the Island of Joanna, in 1784. From a Collection of Tracts. London. 

MUNRO, INNES. A Narrative of the Military Operations on the 
Coromandel Coast, against the combined Forces of the French, Dutch, 
and Hyder Ally Cawn, from 1780 to the Peace in 1784; in a Series of 
Letters, in which are included many useful Cautions to young Gentle- 
men destined for India ; A Description of the most remarkable Man- 
ners of the East Indians; and an Account of the Isle of France, illus- 
trated with a view of Port Louis in the Isle of France, and correct 
plans, upon a large scale, of the Fortifications at Trinquamallee, and 
of all the Battles fought by the Army under Lieut. -Gen. Sir Eyre Coote, 
and other Commanders, during that War. 4to. London. 

1790 CRAUFORD, QU1NTON. Sketches chiefly relating to the History, Re- 
ligion, Learning, and Manners of the Hindoos ; with the present State 
of the Native Powers of Hindostan. 8vo. London. 

2nd edit , enlarged, 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1792. Translated into French, 

Dresden, 1791. See below. 

The author states that his intention was to draw the attention of the public, 
for a moment, from the exploits of Mahomedans and Europeans, and direct it to 
the original inhabitants of the country. He was in the service of the East India 
Company until 1780. He afterwards settled in France. 

1791 (In French.) Esquisses de Thistoire, de la religion, des sciences et des 
moeurs des Indiens. Avec un expose tres court, de 1'etat politique ac- 
tuel des puissances de 1'Inde. Traduit de 1'anglais (par Ic Citoyen de 
Montesquiou-Fescnzac ) . Plates. 2 vols. Dresden. 

FRANCKLIN, WILLIAM (Captain). Observations made on a Tour 
from Bengal to Persia, in the Years 1786-87. 8vo. London. 

Original edition published in 4to at Calcutta, 1788. See under CENTRAL 
ASIA. 

LE COUTER, JOHN. Letters chiefly from India, translated from the 
French. 8vo. London. 

An impartial account of the military transactions on the coast of Malabar dur- 
ing the late war; together with short descriptions of the religion, manners, and 
customs of the inhabitants of Hindostan. Lowndes. 

PENNANT, THOMAS. Indian Zoology. 16 plates, chiefly ornitholog- 
ical. 4to. London. 



1791 RENNELL, JAMES (Major). A Bengal Atlas; containing Maps of the 
Theatre of War and Commerce on that Side of Hindostan. Folio map. 

A.tr\ T r\r\rtf\ift 



304 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. An Historical Disquisition concerning the 
Knowledge which the Ancients had of India; and the Progress and 
Trade with that Country, . . . With Appendix. 2 maps. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

Another edition, 8vo, London, 1799. Translated into French, Paris, 1792. See 
below. 

1792 (In French.) Rcmarques historiques sur la connoissance que les anciens 
avoicnt de 1'Inde, et sur les progrcs de commerce avec cette partie du 
monde avant la decouverte du passage par le cap de Bonne Esperance. 
Traduit de 1'anglais. 8vo. Paris. 

1792 FORREST, THOMAS (Captain). Voyage from Calcutta to the Merguy 

Archipelago, on the Coast of the Bay of Bengal ; also an Account of 
the Islands of Junk-Seylan, Poulo-Pinang, and the Port of Quedas ; 
the present State of Achem, and Account of the Island of Celebes, and 
a Treatise on the Monsoon of the East-Indies. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

See Forrest under 1783 above. This work is justly of great authority, for its 
details in maritime geography. Lowndes. 

RENNELL, JOHN (Major). The Marches of the British Armies in the 
Peninsula of India, during the campaigns of 1790-91 ; illustrated and 
explained by reference to a map, compiled from authentic Documents, 
transmitted by Earl Cornwallis from India. Folding map. 8vo. 
London. 

STAHL, WILLIAM (Dr.). The Authentic Memoirs and Sufferings of 
Dr. William Stahl, a German Physician, containing his Travels, Ob- 
servations, and Interesting Narrative, during four years' Imprisonment 
at Goa. 12mo. London. 

1792-93 JONES, SIR WILLIAM (and Others). Dissertations and Miscellan- 
eous Pieces relating to the History and Antiquities, Arts, Sciences, and 
Literature of Asia, by Sir William Jones, W. Chambers, Gen. Carnac, 
and others. Vols. I-IV. Plates. 8vo. London. 

This contains: On the Coins of Mavalipurum ; Journey to Tibet; On the 
Indian Festivals and the Sphinx ; Short Account of the Maratta State ; On the 
Mystical Poetry of the Persians and Hindus, etc. 

1793 British India Analysed. 3 vols. London. 

HODGES, WILLIAM. Travels in India, during the years 1780-83. Map 
and plates. 4to. London. 
See also below under 1794. 



EAST INDIES 305 

KOCHON, ALEXIS (Abbe). Voyage to Madagascar and the East 
Indies. 

See under AFRICA. 

1793-1814 BARTON, SIR E. (General). A Collection of 92 water-colour and 
pencil Drawings, of India Views, mostly round Delhi, Benares and 
Lucknow, executed by General Sir E. Barton, or presented to and col- 
lected by him. 2 vols. Oblong Fol. 

1794 HODGES, WILLIAM. Choice Views in India, after designs executed 
on the spot, and engraved in aqua-tint, with a French and English des- 
cription, and forty engravings. London. 

HOME, ROBERT. Select Views in Mysore, the Country of Tippoo Sul- 
tan ; from Drawings taken on the Spot by Mr. Home ; with historical 
Descriptions. 5 maps and 29 engraved plates, 4to. London. 

See Plume under 1796 below. 

JOHANSEN, ANDREW. A geographical and historical Account of the 
Island of Bulam, with Observations on its Climate, Productions, . . . 
8vo. London. 



SCOTT, JONATHAN. Ferishta's History of the Dekkan from the first 
Mahummedan Conquests, with a Continuation to the present Day: 
and the History of Bengal from the Accession of Aliverdee Khan to 
the Year 1780. 2 vols. 4to, Shrewsbury. 

Another edition, 2 vols., 4to, London, 1800. 

Scott was an orientalist, who served as secretary to Warren Hastings; he did 
considerable other work in oriental fields, especially translations, among which was 
a revised translation of Galland's French version of the Arabian Nights, which 
he published in 1811. See also Dow under 1768 above. 

1794-1800 MAURICE, THOMAS. Indian Antiquities: Dissertations on the 
Geography, Laws, Government, Literature, ... of Hindostan. 30 en- 
gravings of views, idols, gods, etc. 7 vols. 8vo. London. 

Maurice was an orientalist who was one of the first to popularise Eastern 
history and religions. D. N. B. See also under 17^5-1803 below. 



306 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1795 CAMPBELL, DONALD (of Barbreck). A Journey overland to India, 
partly by a Route never gone before by any European, in a Series of 
Letters to his Son, comprehending his Shipwreck and Imprisonment 
with Hyder Ali and Transactions in the East. 4to. London. 

Aho dated 1796. An abridgement in 12mo, London, 1796; an edition, 12mo, 
with slightly different title, London, 1798. Translated into German, Altona, 1796. 
See below. 

1796 (In German.) Landreise nach Indien. Altona. 

SULLIVAN, JAMES. Tracts upon India; written in the years 1779, 
1780, and 1788. With subsequent Observations by him. 8vo. London. 

1795-1803 MAURICE, THOMAS. The History of Hindostan, its Arts and 
Sciences during the most Ancient Periods. 2 vols. ; The History of 
Modern Hindostan. 2 vols. Maps and engravings. 4 vols. in all. 4to. 
London. 



1795-1808 DANIELL, THOMAS and WILLIAM. Oriental Scenery. 144 col- 
ored plates. 6 vols. Fol. London. 

These consist of views of landscape, antiquities, excavations in India, done in 
aqua-tint and colored in imitation of drawings. Lowndes calls them the finest 
specimens of their kind ever published in England. William was the nephew of 
Thomas Daniell. 

17% HAMILTON, ELIZA. Translation of the Letters of a Hindoo Rajah 
written previous to and during his Residence in England, with a Dis- 
sertation on the History, Religion, and Manners of the Hindoos. 2 
vols. 8vo. London. 



HOME, ROBERT. Description of Seringapatam, the capital of Tippoo 
Sultan, intended to accompany the six following Views drawn by Mr. 
Home, and engraved by M. Stadler. 4 pp. and 6 plates. Fol. London. 

1796-1801 RUSSELL, PATRICK. An Account of Indian Serpents, collected 
on the Coast of Coromandel; containing Descriptions and Drawings 
of each Species; together with Experiments and Remarks on their 
several Poisons. 3 plain and 43 colored plates. 1796. A Continuation 
of an Account of Indian Serpents. Portrait, 3 plain and 42 colored 
plates. 2 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 

This is said to be one of the rarest books on the fauna of India. 



EAST INDIES 307 

1797 JAMES, SILAS. Narrative of a Voyage to Arabia, India, ... in the 

years 1781-1784. 8vo, London. 

VINCENT, WILLIAM. The Voyage of Nearchus from the Indus to 
the Euphrates, collected from the original Journal preserved by Arrian, 
and illustrated by authorities ancient and modern. Maps. 4to. London. 

Alexander the Great in his retreat from India sent a detachment by sea under 
command of Nearchus, with instructions to observe closely the details of the 
route. So carefully were the instructions carried out by Nearchus that many of 
the places can still be identified. The voyage started from somewhere near modern 
Karachi and took five months to reach the Tigris. The fact that a native pilot was 
employed showed that the trip had been made before From Baker, History of 
Geographical Discovery. See also McCrindle, 1879, below. 

1798 CAMPBELL, . An Account of the Island of Ceylon. London. 

FORSTER, GEORGE. A Journey from Bengal to England through the 
northern Parts of India, Kashmire, Afghanistan and Persia, and into 
Russia by the Caspian Sea. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

An edition of the first volume was published at Calcutta, 4to, 1790. The 
work was translated into French, with additions, by M Langles, 3 vols., 8vo, 
Paris, 1802. 

FRANCKLIN, WILLIAM. The History of the Reign of Shah Aulum, 
the present Emperor of Hindostaun, containing the Transactions of the 
Court of Delhi, and the neighboring States, during a period of thirty- 
six years. Large folding map. 4to. London. 

PENNANT, THOMAS. View of Western and Eastern Hindoostanr 
History, Natural History, Antiquities, People, ... 23 full-page and 
head piece engravings. 2 vols. 4to. London. 

This tireless naturalist and antiquary reached out to the ends of the world 
to gather in knowledge. 

STAVORINUS, J. SPLINTER (Admiral). Voyages to the East Indies, 
translated from the Dutch by P. H. Wilcocke; comprising a full Ac- 
count of the Possessions of the Dutch in India and at the Cape. Maps. 
3 vols. 8vo. London. 

In Pinkerton XI, 159-215; 216-287. Dutch original, Leyden, 1793. See below. 

1793 STAVORINUS, J. SPLINTER (Admiral). Reise van Seeland, over de 
Raap de Goede-Hoop, naer Batavia, Bantam, Bengalem, enz. dcdaen in 
de jaarcn 1768 bis 1771. 2 vols. 8vo. Leyden. 



308 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1798-1801 Asiatick Researches, or Transactions of the Society instituted in Ben- 
gal for inquiring into the History and Antiquities, Literature, ... of 
Asia. Vols. I-VI. 8vo. London. 

Among some of the articles are: Narrative of a Journey from Agra to 
Oujcin, by W. Hunter; Account of the Inhabitants of the Poggy or Nassau Is- 
lands, off Sumatra, by John Crisp; On the Religion and Literature of the Burmas, 
by Francis Buchanan; Description of the Caves at Ellora; Antiquities on the 
West and South Coasts of Ceylon. 

1799 ANBUREY, THOMAS. Hindostan Scenery, consisting of 12 Select 

Views in India, drawn during the Campaign of the Marquis of Corn- 
wallis, showing the difficulty of a March through the Gundecotta Pass. 
Collection of 12 aquatints, engraved by Francis Jukes. London. 

JACKSON, JOHN. A Journey from India towards England, 1797; by 
a Route commonly called Over-Land. Map and engravings. 8vo. 
London. 

Jackson, in addition to travelling, was also interested in antiquarian researches. 
He did some excavating at Carthage and Udena. See under NEAR EAST. 

TAYLOR, JOHN (Major). Travels to India in 1789 by way of Scan- 
deroon, Aleppo, and the Great Desert to Bussora. 2 maps. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. (With Instructions for Travellers.) 

TOWNE, WILLIAM. Illustrations of some Institutions of the Maratta 
People. London. 

1799-1804 JONES, SIR WILLIAM. Memoirs of the Life, Writings and Cor- 
respondence of Sir William Jones. By Lord Teignmouth. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

This celebrated jurist and oriental scholar was a many-sided man, but his 
chief fame rests upon his editing and translations of Persian poetry and other 
oriental texts. He deserves especial commendation for his unravelling the in- 
tricacies of Hindu law, which he published under the title of Institutes of Hindu 
Law. His letters contain many descriptions of the country, life, and manners of 
the Hindus. 

1800 PAOLINO DA SAN BARTOLOMEO, (Fra). Voyage to the East In- 

dies: Manners, Customs, ... of the Natives, 1776-89. Notes by J. 
Reinhold Forster. Plate. 8vo. London. 

Italian original, 4to, Rome, 1796. See below. 

1796 PAOLINO DA SAN BARTOLOMEO (Fra). Viaggio alle Indie Orien- 
tali (1776-1789). Plates and portraits. 4to. Rome. 



EAST INDIES 309 

A Journal of an Embassy from the Government of Madras to the King 
of Candy, in Ceylon, in the Year 1782. In vol, II of the Miscellaneous 
Works of Hugh Boyd. London. 



LECKIE, DANIEL ROBINSON, Journal of a Route to Nagpore, by 
the way of Cuttac, Borosumbher, and the vSouthern Bunjare Ghaut, in 
the year 1790; with an Account of Nagpur, and a Journal from that 
Place to Benares, by the Suhaji Pass. Map. 4to. London. 

MAURICE, THOMAS. India Antiquities; or, Dissertations relative to 
the Geography, Civil Laws, Government, Commerce and Literature of 
Hindustan, compared with Persia, Egypt and Greece. Large folding 
maps and plates. 7 vols. 8vo. London. 

SYMES, MICHAEL (Lieut.-Col.). Account of an Embassy to the King- 
dom of Ava from the Governor-General of India, in 1795. Maps, 
views, and plates of costumes, natural history, etc. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., 3 vols., 8vo, with volume of plates in 4to, 4 vols. in all, London, 
1800. In Pinkerton IX, 426-572, with some chapters omitted. Translated into 
French, Paris, 1800; into German, Hamburg, 1800. See below. 

According to Pinkerton this is the only satisfactory account of Burma till 
then published Symes's embassy resulted in leave being given by the "Emperor of 
Ava" for a British Resident to reside at Rangoon to protect British subjects 
Sotheran. 

1800 (In French.) Relation de Tambassadc anglaisc envoyee en 1795 dans le 
royaume d'Ava on 1'empire dcs Birmans. Suivi d'un voyage fait en 
1798 a Colombo, dans Tile de Ceylan et a la Baie de Da Lagoa, sur la 
cote orientale de 1'Afrique, de la description de j'lle de Carnicobas et 
des ruincs de Mevalipouram. Traduit de 1'anglais avec des notes par 
J. Castcra. 3 vols. in 8vo and an atlas in 4to. Paris. 

1800 (In German.) Gesandtschaftsreise nach der Konigreich Ava, 1795. Trans- 
lated by Hager. 1 map and 8 plates. Hamburg. 

WHITE, WILLIAM. Journal of a Voyage from Madras to Columbo, 
and Da Lagoa Bay, on the East Coast of Africa, 1798. With Account 
of the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants of Da Lagoa Bay, 
and a Vocabulary of the Language. 2 illus. 4to. London. 

For French translation see French version of Symes above. 



310 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

ADDENDA 

1801 Voyage dans 1'Inde, en Perse, . . . Avec la description de Tile Poulo-Pinang, 
nouvel etablissement des Anglais, pres de la cote de Coromandel. Par 
differents officiers au service de la Compagnie anglaise des Indes Orien- 
tales. Traduit de 1'anglais par les C * * * (L.-M. Langles et F.-J. 
Noel). 8vo. Paris. 

This work contains : Voyage de 1'Inde a la Mekke ; Voyage du Bengal & 
Chyraz (Dans cette partie, on trouve de nombreux details sur la Perse) ; La 3e 
partie renferme la description de Poulo Pinang avec plusieurs details tire's de voy- 
ages de Farrets et de Le Gentil. Bookseller's Note. 

1806 GOLD, CHARIyES (Captain). Oriental Drawings. Sketched between 

the years 1791 and 1798. 49 colored plates and 1 woodcut. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

The subjects are expressive of the usual dress and appearance of the different 
Castes, and portray the general costume of India. Bookseller's Note. 

1807 BUCHANAN, FRANCIS (M. D.). A Journey from Madras through 

the Countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar. 3 vols. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

In Pinkerton VIII, 573-776, with omission of agricultural and commercial 
details. 

CORDINER, JAMES. A Description of Ceylon, with the Narrative of 
a Tour round the Island in 1800, the Campaign in Kandy in 1803, and 
Journey to Ramisseram in 1804. Map, plan, and 23 aquatints and 
other engravings by Madlard and others. 2 vols. London. 

1808-1814 BALBI, GASPARO. Voyage to Pegu. Reprinted from Purchas in 
Pinkerton VIII, 395-405. 

Italian original, Venice, 1590. See below. 

Balbi travelled to Pegu by way of Aleppo, Babylon, Ormuz, Diu, and Goa, fol- 
lowing the orthodox route to India. Anna and Sion are his names for Ava and 
Siam. 

1590 BALBI, GASPARO. Viaggio dell' Indie-Orientali, nel quali si contiene 
quanto egli in detto Viaggio ha veduto per lo spatio di IX anni con- 
sumato in esso del 1579 fin' as 1588: con la rclazione di dazzu, pesi e 
mesure di tutti le citta : con suo viaggio, e del governo del re del Pegu, 
e dclla guerra fatta da lui con altri re d'Anna e de Sion, con tavola delle 
cose piu notabili. 8vo. Venice. 

DE CHASTE, (Commander). Voyage to Tercera, Undertaken by 

the Commander De Chaste, Gentleman in Ordinary for the King's Bed 



EAST INDIES 311 

Chamber and Governor for his Majesty of the Towns and Castle of 
Dieppe and Arquis. Translated from the French of Thevenot's Col- 
lection, Vol. IV. In Pinkerton I, 833-851. 

FITCH, RALPH. Voyage of Ralph Fitch (merchant of London) to Or- 
muz, and so to Goa in the East Indies. Begun in the Year 1583 and 
ended in 1591. In Pinkerton IX, 406-425. 

Modern edition, London, 1889. See also under Foster, 1921, below. A Dutch 
translation, Leydcn, 1706. See below. 

Fitch was practically the first Englishman to follow in the footsteps of Portu- 
guese and Italian travellers and see with his own eyes the state of India the glory 
of Akbar's court, the commercial possibilities of trade, the practice of suttee, the 
worship of cows, the marriage ceremonies of the Bengalcse, and other customs 

peculiar to India. He roamed far and wide, from Diu to Goa, where he and his 
two companions were imprisoned by the Portuguese on the charge of being spies. 
Agra, Fatepur, Benares, Hugli, Pegu, Macao, Malacca, Ceylon were among many 
other places visited. His observations, as recorded in Purchas, are not of great 
worth, but his adventure was of consequence to Englishmen. Oaten, Early Trav- 
ellers and Travels in India. 

1899 FITCH, RALPH. Ralph Fitch, England's Pioneer to India and Burma, 
his companions and contemporaries, with his remarkable narrative told 
in his own words. By J. H. Ryley. 8vo. London. 

1706 (In Dutch.) Aanmerklyke Keys, 1583-1591, na Ormus, Goa, Cambaya, 
Bacola, Chonderi, Pegu, Siam, Malacca, Ceylon, Cochin, . . . Map and 
10 plates. 12mo. Leyden. 

1811 KIRKPATRICK, WILLIAM (Colonel). An Account of the Kingdom 
of Nepaul, being the substance of Observations made during a Mission 
in that Country in 1793. London. 

1817 FAY, ELIZA. Original Letters from India, 1779-1815. Calcutta. 
Edited by E. M. Forster, London, 1925. 

1858 India in the Fifteenth Century, Being a Collection of Narratives of Voy- 
ages to India in the century preceding the Portuguese discovery of 
the Cape of Good Hope; from Latin, Persian, Russian, and Italian 
Sources. Now first translated into English. Edited with an Introduc- 
tion by Richard Henry Major, F.S.A., Keeper of Maps, Brit. Mus. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 22. London. 

1863 JORDANUS, FRIAR. Miribilia Descriptio. The Wonders of the East. 
By Friar Jordanus, of the Order of Preachers and Bishop of Colum- 
bum in India the Greater, circa 1330. Translated from the Latin Orig- 
inal, as published at Paris in 1839, in the Rccueil de Voyages et de 
Memoirs, of the Societe de Geographic. With the addition of a Com- 
mentarv. bv Col Sir Henrv Yule. K.C.S.I.. R.E., C.B. Hak. Soc.. 



312 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1865 BARBOSA, DUARTE. A Description of the Coasts of East Africa and 
Malabar In the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century, by Duarte Bar- 
bosa, a Portuguese. Translated from an early Spanish manuscript in 
the Barcelona Library, with Notes and a Preface, by Lord Stanley of 
Alderley. 2 illus. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 35. London. 

This account appeared in Ramusio I. The choice of authorship seems to lie 
between Barbosa and Magellan. The latter returned to Europe from India in 1512 
and the former in 1517. The editor of the Hakluyt Society edition is inclined to 
favor Magellan and thinks that the work may be a compilation from several sour- 
ces, as it was impossible for one person to visit all the places he mentions. Even if 
the book is not a record of personal observation, it is valuable for the information 
it supplies. See Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India See also Barbosa, 
1918-1921 below and under 1873, CENTRAL ASIA. 

1869 DA GAMA, VASCO. The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama, And his 
Vice-royalty, from the Lendas da India of Caspar Correa; accom- 
panied by original documents. Translated from the Portuguese, with 
Notes and an Introduction, by Lord Stanley of Alderley. 3 illus. Hak. 
Soc., ser. I, vol. 42. London. 

See Da Gama, 1745-47 above, and 1898 below. 

1871 CUNNINGHAM, A. The Ancient Geography of India. I. The Buddhist 
Period, including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of 
Hwen Thsang. 13 maps. 8vo. London. 

See also Watters 1904-5 below. 

1877 The Hawkins' Voyage During the reigns of Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth, 
and James I. Second edition. Edited by Clements R. Markham, C.B., 
F.R.S. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 57. London. 

The portion that concerns India is the Relation of the Occurents ... in India, 
1608-1613. In 1606 the East India Company "set forth" their third voyage, which 
was the first to have dealings with the Mogul's dominions. In command of one 
of the ships was William Hawkins, who landed at Surat, whence, after countless 
difficulties with the Portuguese and risks of assassination, he proceeded to Agra 
Here he was presented to the Great Mogul Jahangir, to whom he handed the letter 
from James I. Learning that Hawkins spoke Turkish, Jahangir gave him a pri- 
vate audience which Hawkins used to further his complaints against the extortions 
of the Portuguese and the natives and to plead for permission to erect an English 
factory at Surat. Two years he stayed there, even marrying an Armenian woman 
to please Jahangir, but finding the promised trading privileges not forthcoming, he 
left Agra in 1611 for England and on the way home died. He gives a good account 
of many things the system of "life-peers," military state, and especially of the 
nightly debauches of Jahangir, as well he might, for being able to take his grog 
along with the best, he sat up as companion with the Mogul many a night. 
See Oaten, Early Travellers and Travels in India. His place as ambassador was 
taken by Sir Thomas Roe, who was furnished with more pretentious credentials. 

LANCASTER, SIR JAMES. The Voyage of Sir James Lancaster, Knt., 
to the East Indies, with Abstracts of Journals of Voyages to the East 
Indies, during the Seventeenth century, preserved in the India Office, 



EAST INDIES 313 

and the Voyage of Captain John Knight, 1606, to seek the North- West 
Passage. Edited by Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B., F.R.S., ex- 
Pres. R.G.S. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 56. London. 

This expedition of 1591 was a complete failure. 

McCRINDLE, J. W. Ancient India as described by Megasthenes and 
Arrian, being a translation of the fragments of the Indika of Megas- 
thenes collected by Dr. Schwanbeck, and of the first part of the Indika 
of Arrian. 8vo. London. 

See also McCrindle under dates 1879, 1882, 1896, 1901, and 1927 below. 

1879 McCRINDLE, J. W. The Commerce and Navigation of the Erythraean 
Sea, being a translation of the Periplus Maris Erythraei, by an anony- 
mous writer, and of Arrian's Account of the Voyage of Nearkhos, from 
the mouth of the Indus to the head of the Persian Gulf, with Intro- 
duction, Commentary, Notes and Index. 8vo. London. 

The famous Periplus was apparently written about the year A. D. 60 for the 
use of merchants. It displays considerable knowledge of the coast of Africa 
beyond Cape Guardafui and to a less degree of the west coast of India. The au- 
thor seems to have known also of Ceylon, the Malay Peninsula, and China. His 
reference to the overland trade to and from China suggests that the Roman mer- 
chants did not yet know of the route by sea. From Baker, Geographical Discov- 
ery. See also Schoff under 1912 below. 

1882 McCRINDLE, J. W. Ancient India as described by Ktesias the Knidean. 
8vo. London. 



1886 The Dawn of British Trade to the East Indies as recorded in the Court 
Minutes of the East India Company, 1599-1603, containing an account 
of the formation of the Company, the first Adventure, and Way- 
mouth's Voyage in search of the North- West Passage, now first print- 
ed from the original manuscript by Henry Stevens of Vermont, with 
an Introduction by Sir George Birdwood. 4to. London. 

1886-88 HEDGES, WILLIAM. The Diary of William Hedges, Esq., After- 
wards Sir William Hedges, during his Agency in Bengal ; as well as 
on his Voyage out and Return Overland (1681-1687). Transcribed 
for the Press, with Introductory Notes, etc., by R. Barlow, and Illus- 
trated by copious Extracts from Unpublished Records, etc., by Col. 
Sir Henry Yule, K.C.S.I., C.B., LL.D. Vol. 1. The Diary, with Index. 
Vol. 2. Notices regarding Sir William Hedges, Documentary Memoirs 
of Job Charnock, and other Biographical and Miscellaneous Illustra- 
tions of the time in India. 18 illus. (1886.) Vol. 3. Documentary Con- 



314 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

tributions to a Biography of Thomas Pitt, Governor of Ft. George, 
with Collections on the Early History of the Company's Settlement 
in Bengal, and on Early Charts and Topography of the Hugli River. 
Map, illus., Index to Vols. 2, 3. (1888.) Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 74, 
75, and 78. London. 

Selections from the Letters, Despatches, and other State Papers preserved 
in the Foreign Department of the Government of India, 1772-1785, ed- 
ited by Geo. W. Forrest. 3 vols. Fol. Calcutta. 

1893 TWINING, THOMAS. Travels in India a Hundred Years Ago with A 

Visit to the United States. Portrait and map. 8vo. London. 

1894 VESPUCCIUS, ALBERICUS. The Voyage from Lisbon to India, 1505- 

06; being an Account and Journal of Albericus Vespuccius, translated 
from the Contemporary Flemish and edited with Prologue and Notes, 
by C. H. Coote. 8vo. London. 

1896 McCRINDLE, J. W. The Invasion of India by Alexander the Great as 
described by Arrian, Q. Curtius, Diodorus, Plutarch and Justin, being 
translations of such portions of the works of these and other Classical 
Authors as described Alexander's Campaigns in Afghanistan, the Pun- 
jab, Sindh, Gedrosia and Karmania, with an introduction containing 
the Life of Alexander, copious notes and indices. New edition bringing 
the Work up to date. Maps and illus. 8vo. London. 

1896-1902 FOSTER, W. Letters received from the East India Company from 
its Servants in the East. Transcribed from the "Original Correspond- 
ence" Series of India Office Records. Edited by W. Foster, with Intro- 
duction by F. C. Danvers, 1602-1617. Complete set, 6 vols. 8vo. 
London. 

1898 DA GAMA, VASCO. A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco de Gama, 
1497-99, by an unknown writer. Translated from the Portuguese, with 
an Introduction and Notes, by Ernest George Ravenstein, F.R.G.S. 
8 maps and 23 illus. Hak. Soc,, ser. I, vol. 99. London. 

See Da Gama under 1745-47 above. 

1901 McCRINDLE, J. W. Ancient India as described in Classical Literature, 
being a collection of Greek and Latin texts relating to India, extracted 
from Herodotus, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, Pliny, Aelian, Philostratus, 



EAST INDIES 315 

Dion Chrysostum, Porphyry, Stobaeus, the Itinerary of Alexander 
the Great, the Periegcsis of Dionysius, the Dionysiaka of Nonnus, the 
Romance History of Alexander and other works, translated and co- 
piously annotated, with Introduction and Index. 8vo. London. 

1903 BOWREY, THOMAS. The Countries round the Bay of Bengal. Edited, 
from an unpublished MS., 1669-1679, by Thomas Bowrey, by Col. Sir 
Richard Carnac Temple, Bart., C.I.E. 19 illus. arid 1 chart. Bibliog- 
raphy. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 12. London. 

ELDRED, JOHN, and Others. The First Englishman who reached India 
overland, 1583-89. In Beazley, Voyages omd Travels, vol. I. London. 

Taken from Hakluyt, 1598-1600. 

STEVENS, THOMAS. His Voyage to India by the Cape Route. In 
Beazley, Voyages and Travels, vol. I. London. 

Taken from Hakluyt, 1589. 

This is a letter written by Stevens from Goa to his father. The Jesuit Thomas 
Stevens is the first known Englishman to have visited India. He went to Goa in 
1579 and became Rector of the Jesuits' College in Salsette. His own accounts arc 
contained in letters arid concern themselves with Goa alone. He was instrumental 
in getting Ralph Fitch and his companions released from prison From Oaten, 
Early Travellers and Travels in India 

1904-05 WATTERS, T. On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India, 629-645 A. D. 
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids arid S. W. Bushell. Reprint. 2 vols. 
8vo. London. 

This is one of the publications of the Royal Asiatic Society. 

1905 JOURDAIN, JOHN. John Jourdain's Journal of a Voyage to the East 
Indies, 1608-1617. (Sloane MS. 858, Brit. Mus.) Edited by William 
Foster, B.A., of the India Office. With Appendices A-F, and a Bib- 
liography, by Basil H. Soulsby. 4 maps. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 16. 
London. 

MUNDY, PETER. For his travels in India see under GENERAL 

TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

Mundy made his first visit to India as a servant of the East India Company 
in 1628 and his third and last in 1655. Vol. V of his travels is being: prepared for 
the press by the Hakluyt Society. Vols. II and III deal with his travels In Asia. 

1909 MALLESON, . History of the French in India from the founding 

of Pondicherry 1674 to the Capture of that Place in 1761. 2 maps. 
London. 



316 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1910 ALBIRUNI, . Tarikhu'1-Hind. Alberuni's India. An Account of 

the Religion, Philosophy, Literature, Chronology, Astronomy, Cus- 
toms, Laws and Astrology of India about A. D. 1030. English Trans- 
lation by E. Sachau. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

1912 SCHOFF, W. H. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Travel and Trade 
in the Indian Ocean by a Merchant of the First Century. Translated 
from the Greek and annotated. 8vo. London. 

See McCrindle, 1879, above. 

1918-1921 BARBOSA, DUARTE. The Book of Duarte Barbosa. An Account 
of Countries bordering on the Indian Ocean. . . . 1518 A. D. A New 
Translation by Mr. Longworth Dames. 2 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vols. 
44, 49. London. 

See Barbosa, 1865, above. 

1921 FOSTER, W. Early Travels in India, 1583-1619, edited by W. Foster. 
Map and illus. 8vo. London. 

Contains the travels of Ralph Fitch, John Mildenhall, William Hawkins, W. 
Finch, N. Withington, Thos. Coryat, etc. 

1923-1931 OLAFSSON, JON. The Life of the Icelander, Jon Olafsson. Vol. 
1, translated and edited by Dame Bertha Phillpotts, D.B.E., Litt. D. 
2 maps and 4 illus. Vol. 2. edited by the late Sir Richard Temple, 
Bart., C.B., C.I.E., and Lavinia Mary Anstey. 1 map and 2 illus. Hak. 
Soc., ser. II, vols. 53, 68. London. 

These are the memoirs of an Icelandic farmer's son, who took service under 

Christian IV of Denmark. After voyages to the White Sea and to Spitsbergen 
(see vol. 1), he volunteered for service in India (see vol. 2), and in 1623-24 made 
a stay at the Danish fortress Dansborg on the Coromandel Coast. From Book 
Notice. The above translation was made from the Icelandic edition of Sigfus 
Blondal of 1908-09. 

1926-27 MANRIQUE, SEBASTIEN. Travels of Fray Sebastien Manrique, 
1629-1643. A translation of the Itinerario de las Missiones Orientates, 
with introduction and notes by Lieut.-Col. C. Eckford Luard, C.I.E., 
M.A., assisted by Father H. Hosten, S J. 2 vols. Maps and illus. Hak. 
Soc. ser. II, vols. 59, 61. London. 



1927 McCRINDLE, J. W. Ancient India as described by Ptolemy; being a 
translation of the chapters which describe India and Central and East- 
ern Asia in the treatise on Geography, written by Klaudios Ptolemaios. 



EAST INDIES 317 

Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Surendranath Majumdar 
Sastri, M.A. 2 maps. 8vo. London. 

A word for word reprint of the rare original edition with the addition of notes 
designed to bring the work up-to-date and to prove that the peoples of Central 
Asia were known to Sanskrit writers. HefTer. 

1928 For the Desert Route to India see this date under NEAR EAST. 

DE LAET, J. The Empire of the Great Mogol. Translated by J. S. 
Hoyland. With critical Notes and Introduction by Professor S. N. 
Banerjee. 8vo. London. 

Latin original, Leyden, 1631. See below. 

This is the only translation of De Lact's De Itnperio Magni Mogolis, 1631. 
The work long ranked as the best general account of India and is a valuable au- 
thority for the history of Akbar's reign. The first part is a good compilation from 
the works of Sir Thos. Roe, Purchas, Peter Teixeira and others. The second 
is a genuine chronicle of the Empire. Heffer. 

1631 DE LAET, J. De Impcrio Magni Mogolis sive India Vera Commentarius 
e variis auctoribus congestus. 16mo. Leyden. 

1929 BONTEKOE, WILLEM Y. Memorable description of the East-Indian 

voyage, 1618-1625. Translated from the Dutch by C. B. Bodde-Hodg- 
kinson and P. Geyl. 10 plates. 8vo. Broadway Travellers. London. 



930 GUERREIRO, F. Jahangir and the Jesuits with the Travels of Benedict 
Goes and the Mission to Pegu. Translated from the original of Fernav 
Guerreiro, S. J., with an Introduction and Notes by C. H. Payne. 4 
plates. 8vo. Broadway Travellers. London. 

LOCKE, J. COURTENAY. The First Englishmen in India. Letters and 
Narratives of sundry Elizabethans written by themselves and edited 
with an Introduction and Notes by J. Courtenay Locke. 8vo. Broad- 
way Travellers. London. 

Contains letters and relations of Newberry, Stevens, Eldred, Queen Elizabeth. 
In this book the stories of the first Englishmen in India are told in their own 
simple but dramatic words. Book Notice. 

Relations of Golconda in the early Seventeenth Century. Edited by W. H. 
Moreland, C.S.I., C.I.E. Maps. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 66. London. 



318 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1931 HALL, BASIL (Captain). Travels in India. Edited and selected, with 
an Introduction, by Professor H. G. Rawlinson, Indian Educational 
Service. Illus. 8vo. Broadway Travellers. London. 

Selections from Hall's best and most abiding work, Fragments of Voyages 
and Travels (1831-33). In these selections the reader will find graphic and en- 
tertaining pictures of life in the Royal Navy, a wonderful panorama of India and 
Ceylon, including Elephants' Caves, the jungles, and, above all, events at a rajah's 
court. Book Notice. 

1933 BURNELL, JOHN, Bombay in the Days of Queen Anne, Being an Ac- 
count of the Settlement, written by John Burnell. With an Introduc- 
tion and Notes by S. T. Sheppard, to which is added Burnell's Narra- 
tive of his Adventures in Bengal, with an Introduction by Sir W. Fos- 
ter and Notes by Sir E. Cotton. Maps. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 72. 
London. 



XI 

Far East 

1499 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. Here begynneth a lytell treatyse or book 
named Johan Mandevyll, Knight, born in Englonde in the towne of 
Saynt Albone, and speketh of the wayes of the Holy L,onde towarde 
Jherusalem and of marveyles of Ynde and of other dyverse countrees. 
Woodcuts. 8vo. Emprinted at Westmynster by Wynken de Worde 
London. 

Many subsequent editions with some variations in title, and many versions 
abroad. In English: 4to, 1503; 4to, 1568; 4to, 1618; 4to, 1657; 4to, 1670; 4to, 1677; 
4to, 1684; 4to, 1692; 4to, 1722; 8vo, 1725; 8vo, 1727; and among more recent edi- 
tionsin Wright, 1848; fol., 1889; 8vo, 1900; 8vo, 1923; 8vo, 1928. In French, 
Lyons, 1480; in Italian, Mediolani, 1480; in German, Augsburg, 1492; in Dutch, 
Amsterdam, 1650, etc. For a bibliography of editions and translations up to 
1840, see Schornborn, De C., Bibliographische Untcrsuchungcn iibcr J. Maunde- 
inlle, Breslau, 1840. There is an undated edition in the Grenville Library printed 
by Pynson in 4to, which Grenville and Dibdin believe to be earlier than that of 
Wynken de Worde's. Pynson was appointed King's printer on the accession of 
Henry VIII. See below. 

This was a very popular book in its day and illustrated the general equipment 
of geographical ideas of the late fourteenth century. Long accepted as an authen- 
tic and valuable record of travel, we know now that it was a spurious relation com- 
piled from various sources by one Jehan d'Outremeuse, a citizen of Liege, and 
laid on the doorstep of a fictitious knight, "Sire Jehan de Mandeville." The stories 
which filled his work were such as appealed to the credulity and love of the mar- 
vellous dear to the Middle Ages. From Professor A. P. Newton, Travel in the 
Middle Ages, chap. VIII, "Travellers' Tales." Mandeville is said to have set out 
on his travels in 1322, and after visiting Egypt, Palestine, Tartary, India, the 
Indian isles, etc., returned home in 1355. His death is set at 1371. 

1677 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. The Voyages and Travels of Sir John 
Mandeville, Knight ; wherein is set down the way to the Holy Land 
and to Jerusalem, as also to the lands of the Great Cham and of Pres- 
ter John, to India, and divers other Countries. Together with many and 
strange marvels therein. 4to. London. 

1725 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. The Voiage and Travaile of Sir John Man- 
deville, Kt, which Treateth of the Way to Hierusalem; and of Mar- 
vayles of Inde, with other Hands and Countreys. Now publish'd entire 
from an original MS. in the Cotton Library. 8vo. London. 

This is the completest edition up to date. 

1889 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. The Buke of John Maundeuill, being the 
Travels of Sir John Mandeville, 1322-1357; a hitherto unpublished Eng- 
lish version from the unique copy (Egerton MS. 1982) in the British 
Museum. Edited, together with the French text, Notes, and Introduc- 
tion, by George F. Warner. Colored frontispiece and 28 plates. Fol. 
Roxburghe Club. London. 

1923 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. The Travels of Sir John Mandeville. The 
Version of the Cotton Manuscript in modern spelling. With three 
Narratives, in illustration of it, from Hakluyt's Navigations, Voyages 
and Discoveries. 8vo. London. 

The three narratives are the Voyage of Johannes de Carpini, the 
Journal of Friar William de Rubruquis, and the Journal of Friar Odoric, 
from the 1598-1600 edition of Hakluyt. 

(319) 



320 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1480 MANDEVILLE, SIR JOHN. Ce liyre est appelle Mandeville, et fut fait 
et compose par Jehan de Mandeville, Chevalier, natif d'Angleteere, de 

la ville de St. Alain, et parle de terre de promission, c'est a scavoir, de 
Jerusalem, et de plusieurs autres isles de la mer ; et les diverses et 
stranges choses qui sont en dite isles. Fol. Lyons. 

1480 (In Italian.) Tractate delle piu maravigliose cosse e piu notabili, che si 
trovano in le parte del mondo vedute ... del cavaler J. da Mandavilla. 
4to. Mediolani. 

(In Latin.) Itinerarius a terra Angliae in partes Jhcrosolimiyanas et in 
ulteriores transmarinas . . . translates in hanc formam latinam. (No 
place or date, but according to Ibrahim-Hilmy, at Venice.) 

1650 (In Dutch.) De wonderlijke Reize van Jan Mandevyl beschrijvende de 
Reize en Geschied, van den Lande van Egyptcn, Syrien, Arabien, enz. 
4to. Amsterdam. 

1577 Newes lately come from the great Kingdome of Chyna. (Translation by 
Thomas Nicholas of a letter in Spanish from Mexico to Spain.) Lon- 
don. 

1579 BERNARDINO DE ESCALANTE. A Discourse of the Nauigation 
which the Fortugales doe make to the Realms and Prouinces of the 
East partes of the Worlde, and of the Knowledge that growes by them 
of the great thinges which are in the Dominions of China. Written 
by Barnadine of Escalanta, of the Realme of Galicia Priest. Trans- 
lated out of Spanish into English, by lohn Frampton. 4to. London. 

The dedication of Frampton to the Right Worshipful Edward Dyer, Esq., is 
dated Oct. 1, 1579. Parks. Reprinted in Osborne II, 25-91. Spanish original, Se- 
ville, 1577. See below. 

1745 BARNADINE, FATHER. An Account of the Empire of China: Where- 
in is Describ'd The Country of China, with the Provinces and States 
subject to that Extensive Empire. Also an Account of the Climate, 
Prochict, Navigation, Cities, Temples, Buildings, Letters, Figures, 
Genius . . . and of the Complexion, Apparel and Conditions of the 
People. To which is prefix'd, A Discourse of the Navigation which the 
Portuguese do make to the Realms and Provinces of the East Parts of 
the World. Written by Barnadine of Escalanta, of the Realm of Gali- 
cia, Priest. Translated out of Spanish into English, by John Frampton. 
With several Appendixes. In Osborne II, 25-91. 

1577 BERNARDINO DE ESCALANTE. Discorso de la Navigacion que los 
Portugueses hacen a nos reinos y provincias de del Reino de China. 
Seville. 

POLO, MARCO. The most noble and famous Travels of Marcus Paulus. 
Translated by John Frampton from Rodrigo de Santaelle's Spanish 
version, Seville, 1503. 4to. London. 

Following is the list of English editions down to 1871, as outlined by Parks 
(Introduction to his edition of 1927), with the exception of the versions in Harris 
and Pinkerton: 1579, Frampton's from a Spanish translation of an Italian trans- 
lation, corrupt and incorrect; 1625, Purchas His Pilgrimes, an abridged and incor- 



FAR EAST 321 

rect paraphrase of Ramusio's account; 1744-48, Harris I, 592-629, "taken chiefly 
from Ramusio, compared with an anonymous manuscript in his Prussian Majesty's 
Library, and with most of the translations hitherto published"; 1808-14, Pinkerton 
VII, 101-178, apparently a reprint of Harris; 1818, Marsden's, a full translation of 
Ramusio done before the original texts were edited ; 1844, Murray's, well trans- 
lated with some collation of texts; 1871, Yule's, the classic translation, with the 
best commentary on the book in any language. Of this last work there was a sec- 
ond edition in 1875, and a third in 1903, revised in the light of recent discoveries, 
by Henry Cordier, who also issued in 1Q20 his Scr Marco Polo, with Notes and 
Addenda to Henry Yule's edition, containing the "Results of Recent Research and 
Discovery." Yule's third edition was reprinted in 1926, 2 vols. In 1926, the Broad- 
way Travellers edition, an authorized English translation of the text of L. F. Ben- 
edetto ; and in 1929, the Argonaut Press edition, a reissue of Frampton's version, 
together with the Travels of Nicolo de' Conti, done in the light of the most recent 
researches in Polian history. This list does not exhaust the ninetenth century edi- 
tions. 

The early bibliography of Marco Polo is full of nice questions which can well 
be left to experts. It is curious that so few editions appeared in English before 
the nineteenth century. The history of the work, as sketched by George B. Parks 
(see above), seems to be this: After the defeat of the Venetian fleet by the Gen- 
oese, Polo, who was taken prisoner in the battle, spent about a year in jail at 
Genoa. While thus lodged, he dictated his story to a fellow prisoner, one Rusti- 
cian by name, who wrote it down in French as the one language common to them 
both. After his release Polo took the manuscript with him and later gave it to 
the French ambassador. What the latter did with it is not known, but copies of 
it were made with or without Polo's knowledge. It was translated into Italian and 
then into Latin much corrupted. The first printed edition appeared in German in 
1477, followed by versions in Italian, Latin, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and 
finally English. Ramusio included it in an enlarged form in his Collection. "This 
is the last stage of the book." 

Nicholas and Maffeo, of the Polo family, made their first journey to the Far 
East in 1250 and returned to Venice in 1269, when Nicholas found his wife dead 
and a son nineteen years old. They set out again in 1271/2, this time accompanied 
by young Marco, and were received with high honors, especially Marco, at the 
court of Kubla Khan. They returned to Venice in 1295, looking more like Tar- 
tars than Italians. No one knew them. The famous dinner they gave on their 
return is a well known story. Polo and Rubruquis give us the most complete and 
remarkable accounts of all early travels into Tartary and Mongolia. The latter 
made known Northern Tartary and the former the Southern. Furthermore Polo 
travelled by sea from China to India, being the first known traveller, ancient or 
medieval, to use such a route. Travelling by the Khan's orders and with his armies, 
he had advantages accorded no one else. The territory he reported on covered 
Turkey in Asia, Persia, Tartary, India, China, Japan, the Asiatic islands, Siberia, 
and parts of Africa. 

1903 POLO, MARCO. The Book of Ser Marco Polo, the Venetian, concern- 
ing the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East. Translated and Edited, with 
Notes by Colonel Sir Henry Yule. With a Memoir of H. Yule by his 
Daughter. 3rd edit, revised in the light of recent discoveries, by Henri 
Cordier. Portraits and a large number of maps and illus. 2 vols 8vo. 
London. 

1926 POLO, MARCO. The Book of Ser Marco Polo. Translated into English 
from the text of L. F. Benedetto by Professor Aldo Ricci. With an 
Introduction by Sir Denison Ross. 8vo. Broadway Travellers. Lon- 
don. 

In 1924 Professor Benedetto of Florence, having discovered a MS. 
hitherto unknown, brought out a new version containing much new and 
exceedingly interesting material. 

1929 POLO. MARCO. The Most Famous and Noble Travels of Marco Polo. 
Together with the Travels of Nicolo de' Conti. Edited from the Eliza- 
bethan Translation of John Frampton. With Introduction, Notes and 
Appendices by N. M. Penzer, M.A. With 11 new maps and a colored 
frontispiece from a MS. in the Bodleian, Oxford. 4to. Argonaut 

Press. London. 



322 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1588 MENDOZA, JUAN GONZALEZ DE. The Historic of the great and 
mightie Kingdome of China, and the situation thereof, togither with 
the great riches, huge Citties, politicke gouernement and rare inuentions 
in the same. Translated out of Spanish by R. Parke. 4to. London. 

Edited for the Hakluyt Society, London, 1854. Spanish original, Rome, 1585. 
See below. 

This work is mainly a compilation from the narratives of Caspar da Cruz, 
Martin de Rada (Herrada), and Pedro de Alforo, missionaries, to which is added 
the Itinerary of Father Martin Ignaxio. Library of Congress. In his dedication 
to Thomas Candish (Cavendish), who had just returned from his first voyage to 

the Philippines and China, Parke states that he undertook the translation "at the 
earnest request of his worshipfull friend, Master Richard Hakluyt/' and urges 
Cavendish to make further attempts to find a North- West Passage . . . Ortelius, 
in his Atlas, says that he received more information from Ignacio's Itinerary than 
from any other single book. Robinson, No. 26. The History is the earliest de- 
tailed account of China published in English. Eden's account in his History of 
Travayle in the West and East Indies is interesting but shorter. 

1854 MENDOZA, FATHER JUAN GONZALEZ DE The History of the 
Great and Mighty Kingdom of China and the Situation thereof. Com- 
piled by Padre Juan Gonzalez de Mcndoza, and now reprinted from 
the Early Translation of R. Parke Edited by Sir George Thomas 
Staunton, Bart., M.P , F R.S. With an Introduction by Richard 
Henry Major, F.S.A., Keeper of Maps, Brit. Mus., Sec. R.G.S. 2 vols. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 14-15. London. 

1585 MENDOZA, JUAN GONZALEZ DE. Historia de las cosas mas notables 
y costumbres del gran reyno de la China . . . Con vn itinerario del Nuevo- 
Mundo. Rome. 

1609 UNION, ANTHONY. Newes of the Complement of the Art of Nav- 
igation and of the mightie Empire of Cataia, together with the Straits 
of Anian. 4to. London. 

1612 Relation of an Englishman shipwrecked on the Coast of Camboya. 4to. 
London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. 

1619 A Briefe Relation of the Persecvtion lately made against the Catholike 
Christians in the Kingdome of laponia, deuided into Two Bookes, 
Taken out of the Annuall Letters of the Fathers of the Society of lesvs, 
and other Authenticall Informations. Written in Spanish, and printed 
first at Mexico in the West Indies, the yeare of Christ 1616, and newly 
translated into English by W(illiam) W( right) Gent. The First Part 
(all published). 12mo. London. 

This book was secretly printed and is extremely rare. It was probably printed 
abroad for import into England. A second part was promised containing the events 
which succeeded the departure of the Jesuits from Japan, but there is little doubt 
that this never appeared. The translator in a note to the reader says that he had 
not yet seen the second part himself. Quoted from Bookseller's Note. 



PAR EAST 323 

1633 BORRI, CHRISTOFORO. Cochin-China ; Containing many admirable 
Rarities and Singularities of that Countrey, Extracted out of an Italian 
Relation lately presented to the Pope, by Christoforo Borri, that lined 
certaine yeeres there. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Churchill II, 721-765; in Pinkerton IX, 771-828. Italian original, 
Rome, 1631. See below. 

Father Borri or Burrus was one of the earliest missionaries to Cochin China, 
and after his return to Europe taught mathematics at Coimbra and Lisbon, and 
made various improvements in the compass His work is most important for the 
early history of Cochin China, as he Rives much information concerning that coun- 
try apart from the usual account of the progress of the missions. His account is 
in two parts, first, on the temporal state of the country its boundaries, climate, 
soil, manners and customs of its inhabitants, elephants, etc., government, com- 
merce, and wars. Secondly, its spiritual state. Maggs, No. 519. 

1631 BORRI, CHRISTOFORO. Rclatione della Nuova Missione delli PP. 
della Compagnia di Giesu, al Regno della Cocincina. 12mo. Rome. 

1635 BAUDIER, MICHEL. The History of the Court of the King of China. 
Written in French by the Seigneur Michael Baudier of Languedoc. 
Translated by E(dward) G(rimstone). 4to. London. 

Sec this date under NEAR EAST. Reprinted in Osborne II, 1-24. 

The author finds here a government where virtue is rewarded, bribery un- 
known, flattery punished, and royal favor constant. Swift should have sent Gul- 
liver on a voyage to Qiina. 

1655 SAMEDO, ALVAREZ. The History of that Great and Renowned Mon- 
archy of China, wherein the particular Provinces are accurately de- 
scribed, as also the Dispositions, Manners, Learning, Laws, Militia, 
Government, and Religion of that Country, by Father Alvarez Samedo, 
a Portuguese, of late Resident twenty-two years at the Court and 
other famous Citties of the Kingdom. Now put into English by a Per- 
son of Quality. To which is added, The History of the late Invasion 
by the Tartars. Portrait of the author, 2 maps and 2 plates. Fol. 
London. 

Another edition, London, 1670. Whether the original of this translation is the 

Spanish edition, Madrid, 1642, or the Italian edition, Rome, 1643, is not known 

to the editor. See below. 

This work gives a long account of China, its various provinces, inhabitants 
and their manners and customs, Government and Military Art, the propagation of 
the Gospel, and more particularly an account of the labours of the Jesuits there, 
written by the Procurador General of China and Japan. Maggs, No. 519. 

1642 SEMEDO, FR. ALVARO (Jesuit). Impcrio_ de la China, i cultura 

evangelica en el, por los Religios de la Compania de Jesus 4to. Madrid. 

1643 SEMEDO, ALVARO. Rclatione della Grande Monarchia della Cina. 

Engraved portrait of Semedo. 8vo. Rome. 

1662 MANDELSLO, JOHANN ALBRECHT VON. For his description of 
Japan and China, see his Voyage and Travels into the East Indies, 
under EAST INDIES. 



324 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1663 CARON, FRANCIS, and SCHOUTEN, JOOST. Description of the 
Kingdoms of Japan and Siam, translated from the Dutch by Sir Roger 
Manley. 12mo. London. 

Another edition, with map, London, 1671. Given in substance in Pinkertqn 
VII, 607-641, to which is added an Extract from Hagenaar's Voyage to and in 

the East Indies; modern edition, London, 1925. See below. The Dutch original is 
as early as 1636 at least, for in that year appeared the edition listed below. 

1925 CARON, FRANCOIS, and SCHOUTEN, JOOST. A True Description 
of the Mighty Kingdoms of Japan and Siam, written originally in 

Dutch by Francois Caron and Joost Schouten, and now rendered into 
English by Capt. Roger Manley, London, 1663. Edited with an Intro- 
duction, Notes, Bibliography and Index by C. R. Boxer. 11 plates and 
7 maps. 4to. London. 

1636 CARON, FRANCIS. Bcschryving van het Konikryke van Japon, bestaende 
in verscheydcnc vragen beantwort in den jare 1636, . . . 4to. The Hague. 

PINTO, FERDINAND MENDEZ. The Voyages and Adventures of 
Ferdinand Mendez Pinto, a Portugal, during his Travels, for the Space 
of one and twenty years, in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, 
Cauchinchina, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan and a great Part of 
the East-Indies, with a Relation and Description of the most of the 
places thereof, their Religion, Laws, Riches, Customs, and Govern- 
ment in the time of Peace and War, where he five times suffered 
shipwreck, was sixteen times sold, and thirteen times made a slave. 
Done into English by H(enry) C(ogan). Fol. London. 

2nd edit., corrected and amended, London, 1663 ; 3rd edit., London, 1692. Mod- 
ern edition in the Adventure Series, London, 1891. Portuguese original, Lisbon, 
1614. See below. 

This work contains an "apologetical defence" of Pinto, consisting of refer- 
ences to every Portuguese work, and many Latin ones, confirmatory of those cir- 
cumstances mentioned by him. And well was this needed, for poor Pinto has been 
stigmatised by Cervantes as the "Prince of Liars," and by another (but constant- 
ly misquoted as Shakespeare) as a "Liar of the first Magnitude." Modern travel, 

however, has done much to recover for Pinto and other early travellers their long- 
forfeited reputation. Lowndes. (It may be mentioned here that the epithet "Liar 
of the first Magnitude" is used in Congreve's Love for Love.) The original was 
regarded as one of the finest books of travels that had ever been written, and 
prompted translators to render it in various foreign languages. It is, moreover, 
a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Euro- 
peans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were 
practically unknown. He was indeed the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), 
seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies.- Maggs, No. 
519. Pinto's account of the Portuguese cruelties in the East Indies and their in- 
human lust for blood is too horrible to believe. Oaten, Early Travellers and 
Travels in India, His travels covered the years 1537-1558. 

1891 PINTO, F. MENDEZ. Voyages and Adventures of F. Mendez Pinto, 
Done into English by Henry Cogan, with an Introduction by M. Vam- 
bery. Adventure Series. London. 

1614 PINTO, FERNAO MENDEZ. Peregrinacam, em que da conta de muytas 
y muyto estranhas chosas, que vio e ovvio no reyno da China, no da 
Tartaria, no da Sornam, que vulgarmente se chama Siam, no da Cal- 



PAR EAST 325 

aminharn, no da Pegu, no da Marlavan, e em outros muytos reynos e 
senhorios das partcs orientalcs. Lisbon. 

The first account of his travels is to be found in a collection of 
Jesuit letters published in Venice in 1565, but the best is his own Pere- 
grinacao. Catholic Encyclopedia, quoted by Maggs, No. 519. 

1669-1671 NIEUHOFF, JOHN. The Embassy (of Peter de Goyer and Jacob 
de Keyzcr) from the (Dutch) East-India Company (1655) to the 
Grand Tartar Cham Emperour of China. Englished from the Dutch 
of John Nieuhoff. Also Atlas Chineiihis : Second Part of a Relation 
of Remarkable Passages in Two Embassies from the Dutch East-India 
Company. Translated from A. Montanus. Portrait, 2 maps, and 58 
large engravings . . . and hundreds of copperplates in the text. 2 vols. 
Fol. London. 

The full title of the Atlas Chincnsis of Montanus follows under 1671 below. 
Both works were translated by John Ogilby. In 1671-73 appeared a second edition 
of NieuhofTs work, 1 vol., together with that of the 1671 edition of Montanus's 
in 2 vols., in all 3 vols., fol , London. An abstract of the first embassy in Astlcy 
III, 399-431; of the second in Astley III, 431-483; in Pinkerton VII, 231-270. 
Dutch original, Amsterdam, 1665. Sec below. Astley says that Ogilby's transla- 
tion agrees in title more with the Leiden edition than with the Amsterdam. He 
states further that the general description seems to have been taken from Martini's 
Atlas C'hincnsis, and the account of the manners and customs of the Chinese from 
a variety of authors. 

The Dutch being at the height of their power, having supplanted the Portu- 
guese, desired to gain access to China and a portion of the Chinese trade. After 
much opposition the Government succeeded in sending certain merchants to try the 
pulse of the Chinese at Canton. Upon their rrport it was determined to despatch 
ambassadors from Batavia to the Court of Peking to solicit liberty to trade. This 
is the embassy written up by Nicuhoff, who was steward to the ambassadors. Its 
failure led the Dutch to send other embassies These are the ones written by 
Montanus. 

1665 NIEWHOF, JAN. Gesandshap der Neederlandische Oost-Indische Com- 
pagnie aen den grooten Tartarischen Cham, den Keyzer von China Fol. 
Amsterdam. 

1670 MONTANUS, ARNOLDUS. Atlas Japancnsis: being Remarkable Ad- 
dresses by way of Embassy from the East India Company of the Unit- 
ed Provinces to the Emperor of Japan. Containing a Description of 
their Territories, Cities, Temples, and Fortresses ; their Religion, Laws, 
and Customs ; their Prodigious Wealth, and Gorgeous Habits ; the Na- 
ture of their Soil, Plants, Beasts, Hills, Rivers, and Fountains. With 
the Character of the Ancient and Modern Japanners. Collected out of 
their several Writings and Journals by A. Montanus. Englished by J. 
Ogilby. Map, plates, folding and full page. Fol. London. 

Combined with the Atlas Chincnsis, 2 vols., fol., London, 1670-73. An abstract 
of part of this work in Astley III, 483-491. Dutch original, Amsterdam, 1669. 
See below. 

Exceedingly rare. The plates to this work represent a high-water mark in 
book illustrations of the 17th century. Apart from these, this book remains one 
of the most curious of the numerous works of travel in the Orient during the 
17th century. Among the subjects discussed are the following: Murder in Japan, 



326 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Japanese wrestlers. Japanese baths, jugglers and necromancers, burning of widows, 
women-raping by baboons, blood-baths, Japanese tortures, boiling waters of Sin- 
gok, gardens, Japanese wines, whaling in Japan, etc. From Booksellers' Note. 

1669 MONTANUS, ARNOLDUS. Gedcnkwaerdige Gesantschappen der Oost- 

indischc Maetschappy in't Vereenigde Nederland, aen de Kaisaren van 
Japan' Vervactende Wonderlijke voorvallen op tc Togt der Neder- 
landsche Gesanten: Beschryving van de Dorpen, Sterkten, Steden, 
Landschappen, Tempels, Godsdiensten, Dragten, Gebouwen, Dieren, 
Gcwasschen, Bergen, Fonteinen, vereeuwde en nieuwe Oorlogs-daden 
der Japanders. Map, 24 folding plates, and many illustrations in the 
text. Fol. Amsterdam. 

1671 MONTANUS, ARNOLDUS. Atlas Chinensis, being a Second Part of a 
Relation of remarkable Passages in two Embassies from the East- 
India Company of the United Provinces to the Vice Roy Sing La 
Mong, and General Taysing Lipovi ; and to Ka-Konchi, Emperor of 
China and East Tartary. With a Relation of the Netherlanders assist- 
ing the Tartars against Koxinga and the Chinese Fleet, who till then 
were Masters of the Seas. And a more exact geographical Descrip- 
tion than formerly both of the whole Empire in general, and in par- 
ticular of every one of the fifteen Provinces. Collected out of their 
several Writings and Journals by Arnoldus Montanus. Englished and 
adorned with several Sculptures by John Ogilby. Fol. London. 

PALAFOX Y MENDOZA, JUAN DE. The History of the Conquest of 
China by the Tartars ; together with several remarkable things concern- 
ing the Religion, Manners and Customs of both Nations, but especially 
the latter. First written in Spanish by Seignior Palafox (y Mendoza), 
Bishop of Osma and Viceroy of Mexico, and now rendered into Eng- 
lish. 8vo. London. 

A Spanish edition, Paris, 1670. See below. 

1670 PALAFOX Y MENDOZA, JUAN DE. Historia de la conquista dc la 

China por el tartaro. Paris. 

1673 VARENIUS, BERNARD. Descriptio Regni Japoniae et vSiam. Item, 
De Japoniorum Religione et Siamensium. De diversis omnium Gen- 
tium Religionibus. Quibus, Praemissa Dissertatione de variis Rerum 
publicarum generibus, adduntur quaedam de Priscarum Afrorum fide 
excerpta ex Leone Africano. 8vo. Cantab, (i. e., Cambridge). 

Latin original, with same title, Amsterdam, 1629. 

This work is divided into three parts. The first contains a general description 
of Japan, and reviews its products, climate, minerals, commerce, war. finance, man- 
ners and customs. The second is a translation from the Dutch of Schouten and 
contains a general account of Siam. The third is an account of the Religions of 
the Japanese, their Gods and Priests, and the introduction of Christianity. Robin- 
son, No. 20. 



FAR EAST 327 

1675 China and France, or Two Treatises, The One of the present State of 
China, as to the Government, Customs and Manners of the Inhabi- 
tants thereof ; never yet known to us before in Europe. Written and 
published by the French King's Cosmographer ; and now Englished. 
The other containing the most remarkable Passages of the Reign and 
Life of the present French King, Lewis the XIV; and of the Valour 
of our English in his Armies. 8vo. London. 

1680 TAVERNIER, JEAN BAPTISTS. A Collection of several Relations 
and Treatises Singular and Curious, not printed among his first Six 
Voyages. T. A new and singular Relation of the Kingdom of Tun- 
quin. II. How the Hollanders manage their Affairs in Asia. III. A 
Relation of Japan, and the Cause of the Persecution of the Christians 
in those Islands. IV. A Relation of \\hat passed in the Negotiation 
of the Deputies which were at Persia and the Indies, as well on the 
French King's as the Company's Behalf, for the Establishment of 
Trade. V. Observations upon the East India Trade, and the Frauds 
there subject to be committed. Published by Edmund Everard. Plates 
and folding map of Japan, with inset map of Tonquin. Fol. London. 

French original, Paris, 1670. For title and observations see Tavernier under 
1678, EAST INDIES 

1682 GLANIUS, . For an account of Siam and the Isles of Japan see 

his A New Voyage to the East-Indies, under EAST INDIES. 

The History of the Court of China. Done out of French (by A, G.). Lon- 
don. 



1686 CHAUMONT, MONSIEUR DE (Knight). A Relation of the late Em- 
bassy of Monsieur cle Chaumont, Knight, to the Court of the King 
of Siam. With an Account of the Government, State, Manners, Re- 
ligion, and Commerce, of the Kingdom. 12mo. London. 

A French version, Paris, 1687, cited by Pinkcrton XVII. See below. 

1687 (In French ) Relation de 1'Ainbassaflc du Chevalier de Chaumont a la 
Cour a Siam. 12mo. Paris. 

This presumably is the original edition 

DE SOTO, HERNANDO. Two Journics of the present Emperour of 
China into Tartary in the years 1682 and 1683. (In his Relation of 
the Invasion of Florida, to which it is subjoined. See the same under 
NORTH AMERICA.) 



328 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1688 MAGAILLANS, GABRIEL. A New History of China, containing a 

Description of the most considerable particulars of that Vast Empire: 
Language, Government, Manufactures, . . . done out of French (by 
W. Ogilby). Folding plan of Pekin. 8vo. London. 

Lowndes attributes the translation to John Ogilby, but that King's Cosmog- 
raphcr is ruled out by the fact that he died in 1676. A "French translation," Paris, 
1688 (Pinkerton XVII), 1690 (Maggs, No. 521). Sec below. 

The above work, written by Magaillans, was never printed in Portuguese; 
nevertheless, there exists this French translation of it. The work was the fruit 
of his residence in China for 29 years. Gabriel de Magulhaes, a Jesuit, was born 
in Pedrogao in 1609. He left Portugal for the East in 1634, penetrated into the 
Chinese Kmpire, and died in Pekin May 6, 1677. There is a curious description of 
his funeral, towards which the Emperor contributed, with a donation of 800 frs. 
and ten bales of damask. Maggs, No. 521. 

1688 MAGELLANS, GABRIEL DE. Relation nouvdle dc la Chine, contenant 
la description des parties les plus remarquables de cet empire ; compose 
en Tannce 1668 par le R. P. Gabriel de Magellan*, de la Compagnie de 
Jesus, et traduite du Portugais par le Sr. B. 4to Paris. 

TACHARD, CAJY (Father). A Relation of the Voyage to Siam, Per- 
formed by six Jesuits, sent by the French King to the Indies and China, 
in the Year 1685. With their Astrological Observations, and their Re- 
marks of Natural Philosophy, Geography, Hydrography, and History. 
Published in the Original by the express Order of His most Christian 
Majesty; and now made English and illustrated with Sculptures. 8vo. 
London. 

The French original of this voyage, together with that of the second, was pub- 
lished in 2 vols., Paris, 1686 and 1689. See below. 

A large part of the above work relates to the kindly reception given the 
Jesuit Fathers by the Dutch at the Cape of Good Hope. Java, Sumatra, and Ban- 
tam were also visited and described Maggs, No. 521. Pinkerton, who in com- 
mon with most of the editors of English collections, had a keen eye for Jesuit 
failings, describes the account as a pretty accurate work as to geography, but dis- 
figured with the author's credulity. 

1686-89 TACHARD, GUY (Father). Premier yoyage de Siam des PP. Jesu- 
ites, envoyees par le Roi aux Indes et a la Chine avec leurs observa- 
tions astronomiqucs, et leurs rcmarques de physique, de geographic, d'- 
hydrographie, et d'histoire (rcdige par le P. Tachard). Second voyage 
du P Tachard et des Jesuites, envoyees par le Roi an Royaume de 
Siam ; contenant diverscs remarques d'histoire, de physique, de geog- 
raphie, et d'astronomie. Avec figures. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

1689 A New History of the Empire of China; containing a description of the 

Politick, Government, Towns, Manners and Customs of the People, 
. . . newly clone out of French. 8vo. London. 



PAR EAST 329 

1690 A Relation of the Revolution of Siam. Being the Substance of several 
Letters writ in October 1688, and February 1689, from Siam and the 
Coast of Coromandel. Never before published in any Language and 
now translated into English. 4to. London. 

Reprinted in Oshornc II, 95-102 See below. There was a French account of 
this Revolution published in 2 vols., 16mo, Lyons, 1602, by Father Marcel Le Blanc. 

1745 A Full and True Relation of the Great and Wonderful Revolution that 
happened lately in the Kingdom of Siam in the Kast-Indies. Giving a 
particular Account of the Sej?ing and Dtath of the late King, and of 
the Setting up of a new One. As also of the putting to Death of the 
King's only Daughter; his adopted Son who \\as a Christian; his two 
Brothers; and of Monsieur Constance, his great Minister of State, and 
Favourer of the French. And of the Expulsion of the Jesuits, Mission- 
ary Priests, Officers and Soldiers of the French Nation out of that 

Kingdom, that endeavoured to bring it under the French Domination. 
Being the Substance of several Letters writ in October 1688, and of 
February 168-, from Siam, and the Coast of Coromandel. Never be- 
fore published in any Language, and now translated into English. In 
Osborne II, 95-102. 

This Constance was originally a Greek Christian, who after spend- 
ing some time in England -\\ent out to the Fast Indies, where he was 
employed by the English as their factor in Siam. His business abilities 
and talents brought him into favor with the court. He used his influence 
to bring the country under the domination of the French and the king 
to the Catholic faith with the aid of the Jesuits. The revolution related 
above frustrated these designs. 

1693 LOUBERK, vSIMON DE LA. A New Historical Relation of the King- 
dom of Siam, by M. de la Loubere, envoy extraordinaire from the 
French King to King of Siam in the years 1687, 1688, . . . wherein 
a full and curious account is given of the Chinese Way of Arithmetick 
and Mathematick Learning. Done out of the French, by A. P., F.R.S. 
Numerous maps and plates. 2 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 

French original, Amsterdam, 1691. See below. 

In addition to the interesting account of Siam and the Siamese, this work con- 
tains many curious matters of information: The Life of Thevelat, Siamese Alpha- 
bet, Smoaking Instrument, Chess-Play of the Chinese, Relation of the Cape 
of Good Hope, with four cuts, Siamese Astronomy, Problem of Magical 
Squares according to the Indians, Manners of the Chinese.- From Maggs, No. 
521. This embassy was one of the several sent from Louis XIV to Siam, all of 
which were accompanied by priests of the Jesuit orders. Tachard made his sec- 
ond voyage (sec 1688 above) with La Louhcrc French interest in Siam seems 
to have declined after this embassy. La Loubere must have been busy with his eyes 
to note so much in a three months' stay. 

1691 LOUBERE, SIMON DE LA. Description dn Royaume de Siam, par M. 
de la Loubere, Envoye extraordinaire du Roi auprcs du Roi de Siam, 
ou Ton voit quclles sont les opinions, les moeurs, et la religion des 
Siamois ; avec plusienrs remarques de physique touchant les plantes et 
les animaux du pays. Amsterdam. 2 vols. 

1697 LE COMTE, LOUIS. Memoirs and Observations Topographical, Phys- 
ical, Mathematical, Mechanical, Natural, Civil, Ecclesiastical, Made 
in a late Journey through the Empire of China ; and published in sev- 



330 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

eral Letters. Particularly upon the Chinese Pottery and Varnishing, 
the Silk and other Manufactures, the Pearl Fishing, the History of 
Plants and Animals. Description of their Cities and publick Works ; 
number of People, their Language, Manners, and Commerce; their 
Habits, Oeconomy, and Government; the PhylobOphy of Conf usius ; 
the state of Christianity ; with many other curious Remarks . . . Trans- 
lated from the Paris edition; and illustrated with Figures. 8vo. Lon- 
don. 

2nd edit, London, 1699; 3rd, corrected, London, 1699; again, London, 1737, 
and this one reprinted, London, 1738; abstract in A.stlcy III, 514-545 French 
original, Paris, 1696 See below 

The author was a Jesuit, confessor to the Duchess of Burgundy, one of the 
Royal Mathematicians, and later missionary to the Far Fast. This work, according 
to the Bioymphie Generate, is "reprehensible pour les paradoxes qu'il renferme; 
c'est tin panegyriqne outre dc la civilisation chinoise." Quoted by Sotheran. 

16% LF COMTE, LOUIS. Nouvraux Mcmoircs sur 1'Ftat de la Chine. Avec 
figures. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

This work was burnt by order of the Parliament of Paris. 

1698 BRAND, ADAM. Journal of the Embassy from their Majesties John and 
Peter Alcxievitz, Emperors of Muscovy, . . . over Land into China, 
through the Provinces of Ustiugha, Siberia, Dauri, and the Great Tar- 
tary, to Peking . . . By Evcrard Isbrand (Ides), their Ambassador in 
the Years 1693, 1604, and 1695. Written by Adam Brand, Secretary 
of the Embassy. Translated from the Original in High-Dutch, Printed 
at Hamburgh, 1698. To which is added, Curious Observations con- 
cerning the Products of Russia. By H. W. Ludolf. Portrait and 2 
plates. 12mo. London. 

German original, Frankfort, 1697. See below. 

The relation of Brand's anticipated that of Ides' (see 1706 below.) On the 
appearance of the latter's account, this one showed itself to be full of inconsis- 
tencies and improbabilities. 

16 f ->7 BRAND, ADAM. Reschreibung seiner grossen Chinesischen Reise, wclchc 
er anno 1693, 1694, 1695, in dcr suite des Herrn Everharrd Isbrand 
Ides, von Moscou iibcr Siberien, Daurien, und durch die Grosse-Tar- 
tarey, bis in China gethan. Frankfort. 

1706 IDES, EVERARD YSBRANTS. Three Years' Travels from Moscow 
overland to China ; through Great Ustiga, Siriana, Permia, Daour, 
Great Tartary, ... to Peking ... to which is annexed an Accurate 
Description of China by a Chinese Author (Dionysius Kao) . . . and 
now faithfully done into English from the Dutch of Witzen. Map and 
numerous plates. 4to. London. 

Abridged extracts from the description of his reception at the court of Peking 
in Astley III, 566-575; reprinted more fully in Harris II. 918-961, in three sec- 
tions. See also Lc Brun, Voyaqe to the Levant and Travels into Moscovey. Persia 
and the East-Indies, under 1720, CENTRAL ASIA. 



FAR EAST 331 

This was no easy journey in those days. Ides, who was a Dane in the service 
of Peter the Great, set out from Moscow March 14, 1692. Travelling as a public 

character, he had leisure to observe anything of note. The entire trip took two 
years and ten months. He composed his journal for the information and satisfaction 
of Peter the Great who was well pleased with the results and rewarded the author 
with the post of Privy Councillor. The Russian embassy had less trouble with the 
enormous self-esteem of the Chinese than many earlier and later embassies. Before 
the Tartars became masters of China, it was almost impossible for foreigners to find 
admittance to the Imperial Court. Under the emperor then ruling, Kang-hi, min- 
isters were courteously received and enabled to transact their business as at any 
other court. This accommodation was contrary to the temper and traditions of 
the old Chinese, who opposed it as much as they dared. Kang-hi was desirous of 
preventing Russian encroachments upon his territories and the Czar was anxious 
to establish a regular commerce with China. The expedition added considerable 
geographical knowledge to the little that was known about northern Manchuria 
and China. 

1744-48 IDKS, EVERARD YSBRANTS The Travels of his Excellency E. 
Ysbrants Ides, Ambassador from Peter the Great to the Emperor of 
China ; through Great Ustiga, Sinana, Permia, Siberia, Daour, ... to 
the Frontiers of China, containing an exact Description of the Extent 
and Limits of those Countries, the Nations by which they are inhab- 
ited; with a curious and copious Account of their Religion, Government, 
Marriages, Dwellings, Diet, daily Occupations, . . . Faithfully trans- 
lated from the Author's Original Journal, printed under the Direction 
of the Burgomaster Witzen, the gieatcst Critick of his Time in Hol- 
land, and dedicated to the late Czar Peter the Great. In Harris II, 
918-944 

The Author's Reception at the Court of the Imperial Palace, the Ceremonies 
of a Publick Audience ; the Person and Manners of the Emperor de- 
scribed An Account of the Curiosities of the City of Peking; the 
grand Establishment of the Jesuits there; . . his Return from China 
by Land ; the Accidents attending his Journey ; the many and great 
Hardships, he sustained therein notwithstanding his Interests in both 
E.tnpires, and his safe Arrival, after so many Hazards, and enduring 
so great Fatigues, at Moscow. In Harris II, 944-951. 

A very copious and no less curious Account of the North-East Part of 
Asia; comprehending a distinct, particular, and authcntick Description 
of all that hitherto passed under the general Name of Siberia, Shewing 
the Extent, and Situation of the several Districts thereof, their Climate, 
Soil and Produce, the Rise arid Course of the principal Rivers, Descrip- 
tion of all the great Cities upon their Banks, of the several Barbarous 
Nations that inhabit near these Rivers ... To which is added, a succinct 
Recapitulation of the State of the Chinese Empire towards the Close of 
the last Century. In Harris II, 951-961. 

1715 TEIXEIRA, PEDRO. For an account of China see his The History of 
Persia under 1715, CENTRAL ASIA. 

1722 LA CROIX, P. DE. History of Genghizcan the Great, First Emperor of 
the Antient Moguls and Tartars; with the Manners, Customs and 
Laws of the Moguls. 8vo. London. 



332 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1722-23 LANGE, LAURENCE. Travels through Russia to China and Siberia. 
London. 

Abstract in Astlcy III, 575-581. Another translation, based probably on a 
corrected original, London, 1763. A French version, Leyden, 1726. See below. 

In August, 1717, Czar Peter I of Russia sent Lange, accompanied by one 
Garwin, an English physician, as envoy to Kang-hi, Emperor of China. His 
journal, which he wrote on the road, he communicated, on his return, to F. C. 
Weber, the author of The Present State of Russia (see under 1723, EAST EU- 
ROPE), who published it at the beginning of the second volume of his own 
work printed in German. This, the English translator informs us, Lange was not 
pleased with, because the journal was an imperfect piece which he intended to 
improve and publish himself. So after his second return from China, where he 
had been in 1723, he sent to the press a more complete relation. This second piece 
is presumably the one translated and published by John Bell, 1763, Glasgow. 
See below. 

1745-47 LANGE, LAURENCE. The Travels of Laurence Lange, the Russian 
Envoy in China, in 1717. Translated from the High Dutch. In Astlcy 
III, 575-581. 

1763 LANGE, M. DE. Journal of M. de Lange, Resident of Russia at Pekin, 
1721-22. Translated by John Bell. Glasgow. 

1727 KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT. The History of Japan, giving an Account 
of the ancient and present State and Government of that Kmpire, of 
its Temples, Palaces, Castles and other Buildings, of its Metals, Min- 
erals, Trees, Animals, Birds and Fishes, of the Chronology and Suc- 
cession of the Emperors, of the original Descent, Religions, Customs 
and Manufactures, . . . and of their Trade and Commerce with the 
Dutch and Chinese, together with a Description of Siam, translated by 
J. G. Scheuchzer, with a Life of the Author. Numerous copperplates 
and maps. 2 vols. in 1. Fol. London. 

In some copies will be found at the end of the second volume a second Appen- 
dix containing an account of a Voyage to Japan, by an English Vessel in 1673, con- 
sisting, with Scheuchzer's preface, of seven leaves. This was issued in 1728 and 
added to the work by Woodward, with mention made of it in the new titles 
printed by him in 1728. Scheuchzer's translation was apparently made from the 
manuscript. According to Lowndes, the Lcmgo edition of 1777-79 in 2 vols con- 
tains several things not to be found in the English translation. Extracts reprinted 
in Pinkerton VII, 652-821. A modern reprint, Glasgow, 1906. A French translation 
published at the Hague, 1720 See below. 

Kaempfer was a well known German physician and naturalist with a passion 
for travelling. Before his arrival in Japan, he had accompanied the Swedish em- 
bassy under Louis Fabricius to Persia (see under 1736, CENTRAL ASIA), then 
engaging as surgeon with the Dutch fleet, visited India and Batavia, and at length 
reached Japan, where he stayed three years collecting material for his work. Here 
he secured the good will of the authorities so completely that he was allowed to 
travel where and as he pleased. He returned to Europe in 1693 and published an 
account of his travels under the title of Amoenitatcs Exoticae. His History of 
Japan has long been recognized as the most authoritative account of that country 
published at that time. 

1906 KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT. The History of Japan, together with a 
Description of the Kingdom of Siam, 1690-92. Translated by J. G. 
Scheuchzer. Portrait of Sir Hans Sloane and reproductions of the 
original plates of the 1727 edition. 3 vols. 8vo. Glasgow (MacLehose). 



FAR EAST 333 

1729 (In French.) Histoire naturelle, civile et ecclesiastique de 1'Empire du Ja- 
pon, cotnposce en allcmand. Et traduite en francois sur la version an- 
gloise de Jean-Gaspard Scheuchzer. 2 vol&. Fol. The Hague. 

SALMON, THOMAS. For accounts of China and Japan see h4s Modern 
History of all Nations, under GENERAL TRAVELS AND DE- 
SCRIPTIONS. 

1732 BACKHOFF, FEODOR ISKOWSKY. An Account of Two Voyages. 
The first of Feodor Iskowsky Backhoff, the Muscovite Envoy into 
China. The second of Mr. Zachary Wagener, a Native of Dresden, in 
Misnia, through a great Part of the World. As also into China. Trans- 
lated from the High Dutch. In Churchill II, 489-500. 

An abstract of the latter item was communicated to the editors by the au- 
thor's brother-in-law. The original was printed at Berlin. Wage-tier left Dresden 
in 1633. 

BARON, SAMUEL. A Description of Tonqueen by S. Baron, a Native 
thereof. In Churchill VI, 1-40. 

Reprinted in Pmkorton IX, 636-707. 

Dated at Fort George at Madras Pa tain, on the coast of Coromandel, Aug. 
25, 1685. The design of the author \\as at first to cotrect the mistakes of Taver- 
nier (see under 1678, KAST INDIA), but the work passed beyond that intention 
to a full description of the region. Illustrated by a native "Tonqueener of eminent 
ability." 

BREWER, HENRY. For a description of Formosa and China see his 
Voyage to the Kingdom of Chili in America, under SOUTH AMER- 

ICA. 

CANDIDIUS, GEORGE. A Short Account of the Island of Formosa in 
the Indies, situated near the Coast of China ; and of the Manners, Cus- 
toms, and Religions of its Inhabitants. In Churchill I, 472-479. 

The writer was a minister of the Gospel in Formosa. 

CANDIDIUS, GEORGE. Some Curious Remarks upon the Potent Em- 
pire of Japan. In Churchill I, 480-485. 

CARRRI, JOHN FRANCIS GEMELU (Dr.). Travels in China in 
1695, being the Fourth Part of his Voyage round the World (see under 
CIRCUMNAVIGATIONS). In Churchill IV. 

Abstract of this portion in Astley III, 546-566. 

The author was a Neapolitan Doctor of Civil Law, who set out on a voyage 
of Europe in 1683, of which he published the first volume. As a result of the 
unjust persecutions and undeserved outrages put upon him, he started out on 



334 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

his travels round the world. He observed that the whole course of his life was 
interwoven with such strange accidents that the very remembrance of them ter- 
rified him. His book (Venice, 1719) went through several editions in Italian and 
was translated into other languages. 

HAMEL, HENRY. An Account of the Shipwreck of a Dutch Vessel on 
the Coast of the Isle of Quelpaert. Together with the Description of 
the Kingdom of Corea. Translated out of French. In Churchill IV, 
573-595. 

Reprinted in Astley IV, 329-347; in Pinkerton VII, 517-540. A French ver- 
sion, 12mo, Paris, 1670. Dutch original, Rotterdam, 1668. See below. 

The author of this account, who calls himself the secretary of the ship, was 
one of the survivors of the wreck. After a captivity of thirteen years in Corea, 
he managed to get back to Holland (July, 1668). Though probably more educated 
than the ordinary seaman, as a writer he has no sense of style, and a long resi- 
dence in Corea should have furnished him with more matter. Churchill. 

1668 HAMEL, HENRY. Journal van de ongelukige Voyagie von t' Jacht de 
Sperwcr, gedestineert na Fayovan in t'jaar 1653; hoc t'selve Jacht, op 
t'Quilpaarts Kyland is gestrant : als mede een pertinente beschryvinge 
dcr Landcn, Provintien, Steten, ende Fortcn leggende in t'Coningryk 
Corec. 4to. Rotterdam. 

NAVARETTE, DOMINGO FERNANDEZ. An Account of the Empire 
of China, Historical, Political, Moral and Religious. A short Descrip- 
tion of that Empire, and Notable Examples of its Emperors and Min- 
isters. Also an ample Relation of many Remarkable Passages, and 
Things worth observing in other Kingdoms, and Several Voyages, . . . 
In Churchill I, 1-380. 

Abstract from the 6th Book in Astley III, 498-512. Spanish original, Madrid, 
1676 See below. 

The author was a Spanish Dominican friar, who was sent put by his Order 
to the Philippine Islands in 1646 and became divinity professor in the College of 
St. Thomas, Manila and procurator-general at the Court of Madrid for the prov- 
ince of the Rosary in the Philippines. He was in Manila probably from 1648 to 
1656. Finding no great encouragement to remain in the Philippines, he ventured 
over to China, where he spent several years in the Mission. Having learned the 
language, he read the histories of that country, and studied the manners and cus- 
toms of the natives. In all he was twenty-six years travelling in Asia and Amer- 
ica. On his arrival in Europe in 1673 he went to Rome, where he was treated with 
due regard and after returning to Spain, he was promoted to the archbishopric of 
Hispaniola. Pressure was brought to bear on the Inquisition at Rome to suppress 
part of the book as it apparently reflected on the conduct of the Spanish missions 
in China. 

1676 NAVARETTE, DOMINGO FERNANDEZ Tratados Historicos, Politi- 
cos, Ethicos y Religiosos de la Monarchia de China . . . y cosas sin- 
gvlares de otras Rcynos y Diferentes Navegaciones que hizo el Autor 
a la Nueua Espana, a Mexico, las Philipincs, Macasar, Golocondar, . . . 
Fol. Madrid. 



FAR EAST 335 

1733 RENAUDOT, EUSEBIUS. Ancient Accounts of India and China, by 
two Mohammedan Travellers, Who went to those Parts in the 9th 
century. Translated from the Arabic by the late learned Eusebius Ren- 
audot. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Harris I, 521-530, m Pinkerton VII, 179-230. French original, 
Paris, 1718. See below. 

This is a translation of a portion of Masudi's Moruj uz Zahab Doubts have 
been expressed of the authenticity of these travels ; but M. de Guignes has dis- 
covered the original Arabic MS. in the Imperial Library. They contain many 
absurdities, but much of what relates to China was confirmed by Marco Polo, and 
by more modern travellers. Pinkerton XVII. Besides the extensive remarks 
elucidating the "Ancient Accounts" the following essays are included : An Inquiry 
into the Origin of the Christian Religion in China; An Inquiry into the Time 
when the Mohammedans first entered China ; An Inquiry concerning the Jews 
discovered in China ; A Dissertation on the Chinese Learning. HefTer. 

1718 RENAUDOT, EUSEBIUS. Anciennes Relations des Indcs et de la Chine 
de deux voyageurs Mahometans qui y allerent dans Ic ncuvieme siecle; 
traduitcs d'Arabe, avec des remarques sur les principaux endroits dc ces 
Relations. 8vo. Paris. 

1736 DU HALDE, JEAN BAPTISTE. General History of China, Chinese- 
Tartary, Corea, and Thibet, including an exact Account of their Cus- 
toms, Manners, Ceremonies, Religion, Arts, and Sciences (translated 
by R. Brookes). Numerous copperplates by Van der Gucht, and maps. 
4 vols. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, 2 vols , fol , London, 1738-1741 ; a brief abstract in Astlcy 
III, 513-514. French original, Paris, 1735. See below. 

This work was first published in English by Edward Cave in weekly num- 
bers. Erom this account Samuel Johnson was to make selections "for the embel- 
lishment of the Gentleman's Magazine." Johnson, in writing to Cave about them 
said, "The Chinese Stories may be folded down \vhen you please to send, in which, 
I do not recollect that you desired any alterations to he made." Boswell asked 
Johnson if he should read this work. "Why, yes, as one reads such a book; that 
is to say, consult it." All of the first volume of 678 pages and more than half 
of the second relates to China. The whole is, for the most part, a collection of 
pieces on several subjects, transmitted by the Jesuits residing in China to those 
of their order at home in France, and is reduced into one body by I)u Halde, who 
added what he saw fit from other Relations and printed works. Lowndes asserts 
that Du Halde failed lo exercise a sound judgment and a scrupulous examination 
into the truth of many facts and opinions which he* admitted into the work. Others 
have regarded it as the cornpletcst and most valuable history of the Chinese Em- 
pire which had appeared up to the time of its publication 

1735 DU HALDE, JEAN BAPTISTE. Description g^ographique, historique, 
chronologique, politique, et physique de V Empire de la Chine et de la 
Tartarie Chirioise; enrichie des cartes gcnerales et particulieres de ce 
pays, de la carte generalc et particuhere clu Thibet et de la Corea, et or- 
nce d'im grand nombre dc figures ct de vignettes. 4 vols. Fol. Paris. 

1741 A General History of China, Chinese Tartary, Corea and Thibet, drawn 
from the celebrated work of Du Halde, in which are comprised all the 
authentic Accounts formerly published by Louis Lecomte. 4 vols. 
8vo. London. 



336 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1743 LOCKMAN, JOHN. Travels of the Jesuits into various Parts of the 
World, particularly China and the East Indies (see under COLLEC- 
TIONS). 

1744-48 ADAMS, WILLIAM. A succinct Account of the Adventures of Mr. 
William Adams, an Englishman who resided many years in the Empire 
of Japan, and was the Person who introduced both the English and 
Dutch to trade thither. Collected, as well from his own Letters as 

Portugueze and Dutch Writers. In Harris I, 856-873. 

His Letters reprinted by the Hakluyt Society, London, 1850 A Dutch edition 
of two Letters, Lcydcn, 1706. Sec below. Adams is the subject of an historical 
novel called The Needle Watcher, by Richard Blaker, London. 1932. 

Adams had one of the most remarkable careers that ever befell a shipwrecked 
mariner. As navigator for the Dutch East India Company he was wrecked with 
his ship in 1600 on the coast of Japan. After a short imprisonment he was released 
and taken into high favor by the Shogun, who made him a two-swordcd Daimio. 
He rose to a high position in Japanese affairs and married a Japanese woman by 
whom he had a son and a daughter. He was an invaluable go-between in the ne- 
gotiations carried on with the English and Dutch in matters of trade. He was 
never allowed to leave Japan, and died there about 1620. 

1850 Memorials of the Empire of Japonia In the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Cen- 
turies. (The Kingdome of Japonia, Harl. MSS. 6249.) The Letters of 
Wm. Adams, 1611 to 1617. With a Commentary by Thomas Ruridall. 
1 map and 5 illus. Hak. Soc , ser. I, vol. 8 London. 

1706 ADAMS, WILLIAM. Twee Brievcn van William Adams; wagens sijn 
Keys uyt Holland na Oost-Indien, 1598, en wat ontmoetingen hem in 
Japan overgekomen zijn. Map and plate. 12mo. Leyden. 

BENJAMIN OK TUDELA (Rabbi). His travels are more concerned 
with the Near East and Central Asia, but he did reach the borders of 
China. See under this date, GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIP- 
TIONS. 



CUNNINGHAM, JAMES (Dr.). Observations and Remarks made 
during his Residence on the Island of Chusan, on the Coast of China, 
by Doctor James Cunningham, Physician to the English Factory of 
that Place. From his own Accounts. In Harris I, 852-855. 

The author was in the service of the East India Company. His account was 
written in Sept., 1701, to a member of the Royal Society. The Factory established 
at Chusan broke up in 1701. He was then removed to another settlement at Pulo- 
Condore, near the River Cambodia. This was destroyed by the natives because of 
broken contracts on the part of the Director. 

A Curious and Concise Description of the Country, History of the Inhab- 
itants, and Account of the Present State of the Kingdom of Corea, 
together with some Hints of the Ease with which Commerce might be 
established in its Ports, the Benefits that might be expected from 



FAR EAST 337 

thence, the great Likelihood of gaining an Entrance from thence into 
Japan, or at least an Intercourse with the Japonese ; and many other 
entertaining and instructive Particulars relative to this Subject, and 
the Trade that is or might be carried on in the Dominions and Depen- 
dencies of the Empire of China. Collected chiefly from the Memoirs 
hitherto published, and compared with all the printed Histories and 
Travels, in which any Mention is made of this Country, its Commerce 
or Inhabitants. In Harris II, 1000-1015. 

By this time hope of discovering a North-East Passage had been laid aside, 
but speculation was not yet dead. 

KAO, DIONYSIUS. A Geographical Description of the extensive Em- 
pire of China, and of the sixteen Provinces into which it is divided. In 
which is contained a succmct View of the Situation, Bounds, Produce, 
remarkable Curiosities, and whatever else is worthy of Notice in each 
Province, taken entirely from the Writings of the Chinese themselves, 
and more especially from their authentick Records and natural His- 
tories penned by Direction of the State ; with such incidental Accounts 
of their Antiquities and of the personal Histories of most of the famous 
Emperours, Heroes, Statesmen, and Philosophers, as have been born 
or flourished in any of those Provinces through the Course of many 
Ages. By Dionysius Kao, a Native of China. Illustrated with many 
curious Observations and Remarks drawn from the best Authors who 
have treated of the Affairs of the Empire both ancient and modern. 
In Harris II, 961-975. 

This work was penned about 1694. It was translated into Latin, German, and 
Dutch, with remarks by Witzen. What the language of the original was and how 
the account pot to western Europe is not known to the editor. The author had 
studied "physick," practiced as a surgeon, and had travelled from province to 
province for many years among the Christians, and so had had ample opportun- 
ity to collect material for his work Ides judged liis descriptions to be among the 

best he had seen. The following item is a continuation of the above. 

KAO, DIONYSIUS. A Copious, accurate, and authentick Account of 
whatever is most remarkable in regard to Persons or Things through- 
out the whole Empire of China ; more especially the number of In- 
habitants in general; the Rivers, Shipping, Lakes, Bridges, . . . The 
different Religions that prevail, and have prevailed amongst the People; 
their Manners, Ceremonies, and extraordinary Politeness. Of the re- 
markable Trees, rich Fruits and valuable Drugs in this Country, to- 
gether with a succinct Account of those Kingdoms, that either now 
depend, or formerly depended upon it. In Harris II, 976-999. 

1745 SA, PEDRO DE. A Description of Siam, translated from the Portuguese 
Original MS. By Pedro de So. In Osborne II, 92-94. 



338 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1745-47 CARPINl, JOHN DE PLANO DE (PViar). The Journey of Friar 
John de Piano de Carpini to the Court of Kuyuk Khan, 1245-47, as 
narrated by himself. Abstract in Astley IV, 544-550. 

First printed in English by Hakluyt in 1589, together with the abstract taken 
from the 32nd hook of the Speculum llistorialc of Vincent de Beauvais. It has 
received several editings in the 19th century, viz., by the Hakluyt Society, Lon- 
don, 1900, and again in 1903 ; and by Manuel KomrofT in his Contemporaries of 
Marco Polo, London, 1928. Sec below 

What would have become of Europe had not Ogotay Khan died when he 
did in 1241 is a real speculation, for his death recalled to Asia the conquering 
Batu and his hordes just as they were about to descend on Hungary. In the 
respite that followed Pope Innocent IV sent two missions to the Mongols to 
acquaint them with the wrath of God and to find out what they intended to do 
to Europe. Carpini, a monk of the Dominican order, was a member of one of 
these missions. He arrived at the court of the Mongols in time to witness the 
elevation of Kuyuk Khan as the supreme ruler of the vast domains of Ghengis 
Khan. He presented his letters from the Pope and received one in return to take 
back This last was recently uncovered in the archives of the Vatican. It sug- 
gested that the Pope go to him and offer him service and submission In Car- 
pini's account, which is accurate and trustworthy, we have a most interesting 
story of incredible hardships and a first-hand description of the Mongol way of 
life at the height of their power. 

1900 The Journies of William de Rubruquis and John de Piano Carpini To 
Tartary in the 13th century. Translated and edited by the Hon. Wm. 
Woodville Rockhill. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. 4. London. 

1903 The Texts and Versions of John dc Piano Carpini and William de Rubru- 
quis. As printed for the first time by Hakluyt in 1598, together with 
some shorter pieces. Edited hy Charles Raymond Beazley, M.A., F.R. 
G S. Hak. Soc., Extra ser., vol. 13. Cambridge. 

A Description of China: Containing the Geography, with the civil and 
natural History. In Astley IV, 1-318. 

A generalised account drawn from many sources. 

DESIDERI, HYPOLITO. Travels into Tibet in 1714. Now first trans- 
lated from the French. Abstract in Astley IV, 655-658. 

Modern edition, London, 1932. Sec below. 

This account was originally written in Italian for the perusal of Ildebrand 
Grassi. another Italian missionary in India. It is dated Lhasa, April 10, 1716. 
In company with Manoel Freyre, a brother Jesuit, Desideri made the difficult 
journey from India to Tibet by way of Kashmir and the high passes of Leh to 
Lhasa, where they remained from 1716 to 1729. He gave a lively account of the 
terrors of the journey, the recollection of which, he said, still made him shudder. 
From Heawood, Geographical Discovery. 

1932 DESIDERI, IPPOLITO. An Account of Tibet. The Travels of Ippolito 
Desideri of Pistoia, S. J., 1712-1727. Edited by Filippo de Fillipi. 
With an Introduction by C. Wessels, S. J. Map and 16 plates. 8vo. 
London. 

A Generalised Account of Tibet from various Sources. In Astley IV, 
449-476. 

See also Pinkerton VII, 541-576. 



FAR EAST 339 

GAUBIL, ANTHONY. The Journey of Anthony Gaubil, Jesuit, from 
Kanton to Peking, in 1722. Translated from the French. Abstract in 
Astley III, 581-584. 

This journal is included in a collection of Tracts and Observations, published 
by Souciet, a Jesuit French original, Paris, 1729. See below. 

1729 GAUBIL, ANTHONY. Observations inathemntiques, astronomiques, peo- 
graphkjues, chronolo^iqucs, et physiques, tirees des Ancicnnes Livrcs 
Chinoises, au Faites nouvcllement, aux Indes et a la Chine, par les 
Peres de la Compagnie de Jesus 4to Paris 

GERBILLON, JOHN. Travels into Western Tartary, by Order of the 
Emperor of China, or in his Retinue, between the Years 1688 and 
1698. Abstract in Astley IV, 004-751. 

The author, a Jesuit, made eight journies from Peking into different parts of 
Manchuria and Western Tartary by order of the emperor Kang-hi or in his 
retinue. Like most of his brother Jesuits, who had been selected for missionary 
enterprise on the basis of their skill in mathematics, astronomy, etc., he was 
a good mathematician, and so set down with care the exact bearing of every place 
he visited. He gave copious accounts of the inhabitants, produce of the soil, etc 
These journies were published by Du Halde (see under 1736 above) in his De- 
scription of China and Tartary The above extract is taken from this work. 

GOEZ, BENEDICT. The Travels of Benedict Goez from Lahore in the 
Mogol's Empire to China in 1602. Abstract in Astley IV, 642-649, 
taken chiefly from the original. 

Reprinted in Pinkcrton VII, 577-587. A Latin version, Lyons, 1700. See below 
Goes was a lay Jesuit and coadjutor to Jerom Xavier, superior to the 
Mission in Akbar's realms. He spoke Persian, was acquainted with Mohammedan 
customs, and had the good will of the Great Mogul Akbar. He was sent on a 
newly conceived mission to the "Kathayans," as a result of a rumor that the Km- 
pire of Cathay and that of China might be the same and that the Kathayans were 
Christians who might be in error or in danger of conversion to Mohammedanism. 
He travelled disguised as an Armenian merchant, accompanied by an Armenian 
servant named Isaac, who wrote the account of the journey A further objict of 
the journey was the discovery of a road to China through Bokhara. He passed 
through countries not traversed for the last two centuries and a half by Europeans, 
and not to be visited again by westerners until the nineteenth century. He left 
Agra in 1602 or 1603 and reached Souchou in 1607, where he died of an illness. 
His journal was unfortunately lost in the seizure of his goods by the Mohamme- 
dans. The account we have was published in Ricci's Commentaries, book V, ch. 
xi-xiii, which Nicholas Trigautius or Trigault. a Dutchman, translated out of 
Italian into Latin and published at Rome in 1618. For an account of the labors 
of the learned Father Ricci see Fulop-Miller, The Power and Secret of the Jes- 
uits, translated by F. S. Flint and D F. Tait, Garden City, N. Y., 1930. 

1700 GOES, BENEDICT. Itinerario ex India in Sinarum Regnum. 4to. Lyons 

GROBER, JOHN. Travels from China to Europe in 1661. Abstract in 
Astley IV, 651-655. 

In Pinkerton VII, 587-606. 

What relates to his travels is contained in five letters, all written in Latin 
by the author except the first one, which was written in Italian by one anonymous 
virtuoso to another setting forth the substance of a conversation which he had 



340 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

had with Griiber. The fifth one by Gruber to Athanasius Kircher, the famous 
Dutch Jesuit scholar, furnishes the particulars of his journey from China to 
India. These letters were published by Thevenot in his Collection (see under 
1666-1672, COLLECTIONS ADDENDA FOREIGN) ; by Kircher in his China 
Illustrata, Amsterdam, 1667. Others of his letters were published in a small vol- 
ume at Florence in 1687, but all are included in Thevenot. This journey of 
Father Gruber and his companion Dorville by the overland route from Peking 
through Tibet to India was a remarkable feat. They left Peking in 1661 and 
reached Agra eleven months after their departure from China. See Hcawood, 
Geographical Discovery. 

HORACE DE PENNA. An Account of the Commencement and present 
State of the Capuchin Mission in Tibet, and two other neighboring 
Kingdoms, in the year 1741. Abstract in Astley IV, 658-664. 

Italian original published at Rome in 1742, apparently doctored up by the 
Procurator-General from an oral account by Penna. This priest had been sent 
to Tibet by Pope Clement XI with eleven others to inquire into the state of that 
kingdom and to see how a mission might be introduced there. See below. 

1742 HORACE DE PENNA, FRANCISCO. Rclazione del Principio e Stato 
presente della Missione del vasto Regno del Tibet, ed altri due Regni 
Consinanti, raccommandata alia Vigilanza, e zclo de Padri Cappucini, 
dclla Provincia della Marca nello Stato della Chiesa. 4to. Rome. 

MESSA-BARBA, J. AMBROZIO. The Legation of Kz , titular Patri- 
arch of Alexandria, from the Pope to the Emperor Kang Hi, in 1720. 
Written in Italian by P. Viani. And now first rendered into English. 
Abstract in Astley III, 584-605. 

An Italian edition published at Paris, 1739. See below. 

Besides the Italian narrative of this memorable embassy which preceded the 
expulsion of the Missionaries and the complete ruin of the ecclesiastical structure in 
China, there is an abstract of it in the Bibliotheque Ruissonnee, which is the source 
of Ast ley's account, Tom 25, 1st and 2nd Parts (dcs Ouvrages dcs Savans de 
I' Euro pc), Amsterdam, 1740. 

1739 MESSA-BARBA, J. AMBROZIO. Istoria delle Cose operate in China 
4to. Paris. 

REGIS, JEAN-BAPTISTE. Geographical Observations and History of 
Korea. Abstract in Astley IV, 319-329. 

Few ships ever touched on this coast and scarcely any western man ever 
landed to get information from the natives. Rej^is never set foot in Corea ; he 
merely traversed the northern borders. His knowledge of the inland parts of the 
country was derived from a Tartar lord. 

RUBRUQUIS, WILLIAM DE. Travels into Tartary and China. Ab- 
stract in Astley IV, 552-580. 

Hakluyt published a part of Rubruck's Journal from the MS. of Lord Lum- 
leys. This Purchas republished complete, 1625, from the MS. in Corpus Christi 
College, Cambridge, which, according to him, had never appeared before in any 
language. Bergeron translated it from the English towards the middle of the 
17th century, after comparing it with two Latin MSS. copies, and the same was 
inserted in Thevenot's Collection, 1666-1672. It was reprinted in Harris I, 556- 



PAR EAST 341 

592. Astley's abstract was reprinted by Pinkerton VII, 22-100. It was edited for 
the Hakluyt Society, 1900 and again 1903. Both of these editions contain Carpini's 
Journal. It was included in Komroff's Contemporaries of Marco Polo, London, 
1928. The latter editor draws upon Hakluyt and upon Guillaume de Rubrouck by 
Louis de Backer, Paris, 1877, to complete his version Roger Bacon first gave notice 
of this work in his Opus Major (see the edition by John Henry Bridges, Ox- 
ford, 1897). 

Rubruquis, a Frenchman of the Order of the Minor Friars, was sent in 1253 
by St. Louis, of France, to the Far East on hearing that Sartach, son of Batu 
Khan, the conqueror of Russia, was a Christian, with the idea of establishing 
communication with the prince. Rubruquis had to tra\el on to the court of Mangu 
Khan in Mongolia, a journey of some five thousand miles. He returned in 1255, 
after experiencing some extraordinary adventures. H< wiote his report in Latin at 

Acre and sent it on to St. Louis, who had just got home from his pilgrimage to 
the Holy Land. It is an amazing record and added much to the geographical 
knowledge of the day. Komroff regards it as important an historical record as 
Marco Polo's. 

SHAH RUKH. The Embassy of Shah Rukh, son of Tamerlan, and other 
Princes, to the Emperor of Katay, or China. Translated from the Per- 
sian into French, and now first done into English. Abstract in Astley 
IV, 621-632. 

Given by Thevenot in French, vol 4 of his Collection He says it was writ- 
ten in Persian but does not tell by whom it was translated The embassy took 
place in 1419. 



VAN RECHTEREN, SEYGER. The Voyages of Seyger van Rechteren 
to the East Indies. Abstract dealing with the first Attempts of the 
Dutch to trade in China, . . . Now first translated from the French. 
In Astley III, 492-498. 

Dutch original published in 4to at Zwolle in Overyssel, 1630 Translated into 
French and included in vol. V of the Dutch Collection of Voyages to the Bast 
Indies (probably Commclin's Collection; see under 1703, COLLECTIONS). A 
French version, Amsterdam, 1705. See below. 

The author spent the years from 1628 to 1633 in this part of the world On 
board his ship were some officers who had been taken prisoners at the unfortunate 
attempt of the Dutch to capture Macao in 1(>22 From them he received his ac- 
count of China and of the posture of Dutch affairs there, which he has inserted 
in his Voyage. 

1705 VAN RECHTEREN, SEYGER. Voyage de Van Rechteren aux Indes- 
Oricntales, avec le Voyage de Langes a la Chine. 12mo. Amsterdam. 



VERBIEST, FERDINAND, A Journey into Eastern Tartary, in 1682. 
Abstract in Astley IV, 362-366. 

Verbicst later made a journey into Western Tartary. These two journies 
to Manchuria and Mongolia were both made in the train of the Emperor Kang-hi, 
and were written up in two letters and sent to Europe, where they were translated 
from Latin into French and thence into English. They were printed at London in 
1686/7 and added to De Soto's account of Florida in the 1686 edition (see De Solo 
under 1609, NORTH AMERICA). They were included by Du Halde in his 
General History of China (see under 1736 above). Reprinted by the Hakluyt So- 
ciety, 1855. A French version, Paris, 1683, is cited by Pinkerton XVII. See below. 

Verbicst was another Jesuit missionary who had won favor with the Chinese 
court because of his knowledge of mathematics. He it was who persuaded the 



342 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Emperor to recall the Jesuit missionaries to Peking, whence they had been ban- 
ished during the minority of Kang-Hi. Sec Heawood, Geographical Discovery. 
His account of his journey to Manchuria is short but interesting, and, according 
to Astley, is the only piece of travel extant performed expressly into the heart 
of Eastern Tartary, as Ides had only passed by the western skirts of that country. 

1855 The History of the Two Tartar Conquerors of China, Including the two 

Journeys into Tartary of Father Ferdinand Verbiest, in the suite of 
the EmptTor Kang-Hi. From the French of Pere Pierre Joseph d'- 
Orleans, 1688. To which is added Father Pereira's Journey into Tar- 
tary. From the Dutch of Nicolaas Witsen. Translated and edited by 
the Earl of Ellesmere, with an Introduction by Richard Henry Major, 
F.S.A. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 17. London. 

1683 VERBIEST, FERDINAND. Relation d'un Voyage de 1'Empereur de la 
Chine, en 1682 et 1683, dans la Tartarie, par le P. Verbiest. 12mo. 
Paris. 

Also in Bernard's Recucil de Voyages au Nord, 1715. (See under 
1715, COLLECTIONS.) 

1752 SPENCE, JOSEPH (Rev.). A particular Account of the Emperor of 
China's Gardens near Pekin, in a Letter from F. Attiret, a French 
Missionary now employed by that Emperor to paint the Apartments in 
those Gardens, to his Friend at Paris. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Dodslcy's Fugitive Pieces. This piece may be one of those fic- 
tions to which the century was well accustomed. 

1762 NOBLE, C. F. For an account of China see his Voyage to the East Indies 

in 1747-48, under EAST INDIES. 

1763 BELL, JOHN. For his journey from Russia to Peking (1719) see his 

Travels from St. Petersburg in Russia to Diverse Parts of Asia, under 
CENTRAL ASIA. 

LANGE, LAURENCE. Journal at Pekin, 1721-22. Included in the 
above work of Bell's. 

Lange was Resident of Russia at Peking during 1721-22. See Langc under 
1722-23 above. 

1771 OSBECK, PETER. For his voyage to China see his Voyage to China 
and the East Indies, under EAST INDIES. 

Osbcck was a Swede, rector of Haslocf and Wextorf, Member of the Acad- 
emy of Stockholm, and chaplain to a Swedish East-Indiaman. 

ECKEBERG, CHARLES AUGUSTUS (Captain). An Account of 
Chinese Husbandry. Included in the above work of Osbeck's. 



FAR EAST 343 

1772 The Chinese Traveller; to which is prefixed, the Life of Confucius. Maps 
and plates. 12mo. London. 

2nd edit., 2 vols., 12mo, with large additions, London, 1775 

Collected from Du Halde, Le Comte, and other later travellers Lowndes. 

1788 GROSIER, J. G. B. (Abbe). A General Description of China, containing 
the Topography of the Fifteen Provinces, of Tartary, the Isles, and 
other Tributary Countries, with an Account of the Natural History, 
Government, Religion, Customs, Arts, ... of the Chinese. Translated 
from the French. Map and plates. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Another edition, 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1795 French original, Paris, 1785. 
See below. 

1785 GROSIER, J. G. B. (Abbe). Description Reneralc de la Chine; conten- 
ant, Imo, La description geographiquc des tjumze provinces qui com- 
posent cct empire, cclles de la Tartarie, des lies et antres pays tribu- 
taires qui en dependent, la nombre et la situation de ses villes, 1'etat, 
de sa population, les productions variees de son sol et les principaux 
details dc son histoirc naturelle ; 2do, Un precis des connoissances le 
plus recemment parvenucs en Kuropc, sur le gouvernement, la religion, 
les moeurs ct les usages, les arts et les sciences des Chinois. Avec 
cartes et figures. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris. 



1789 GILBERT, THOMAS (Commander). Voyage from New South 

to Canton in 1788, with Views of the Islands discovered. 4 folding 
plates. 4to. London. 

This voyage was made through a track many degrees more to the eastward 
than was pursued by any of the circumnavigators on their return to Europe, by 
way of the Indian seas ; as, during it several islands, hitherto unknown, were 
fallen in with; and as it may become in time an established passage between our 
new settlements in that part of the \\orld and the eastern coast of Asia, I trust 
I shall stand excused for thus laying the particulars of it before the public. 
From the Preface, quoted. 

1793 DONOVAN, E. Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of China ; 
comprising Figures and Descriptions, . . . Colored plates. 4to. Lon- 
don. 



1794 THUNBERG, C. P. Travels in Europe, Africa, and Asia. Performed 
between the years 1770 and 1779. 6 plates. 4 vols. Svo. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII. Swedish original, Upsala, 1788. See below. 
His account of the Cape of Good Hope in Pinkerton, XVI, 1-147. See also un- 
der GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

These travels, relating principally to Japan, are exceedingly \aluable with re- 
spect to the natural history. Pinkerton XVII. 

1788 THUNBERG, K. P. Resa uti Europa, Asia, Africa, forroetad i aaren 
1770 a 1779. 4 vols. Svo. Upsala. 



344 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1795 ANDERSON, AENEAS. A Narrative of the British Embassy in China, 
in 1792-94; containing the various Circumstances of the Embassy, 
with an Account of the Customs and Manners of the Chinese. 8vo. 
London. 

This narrative of Karl Macartney's embassy is of little value in comparison 
with that of Sir G. L. Staunton (see Staunton under 1797 below). An abridge- 
ment also appeared in 1795. Lowndes. 

WINTERBOTHAM, WILLIAM. An historical, geographical, and phil- 
osophical View of the Empire of China; to which is added, a Copious 
Account of Lord Macartney's Embassy: compiled from original com- 
munications. London. 



1797 ALEXANDER, WILLIAM. Sketches from Nature, made in China. 
8vo. London. 

This ingenious artist was draftsman to Earl Macartney, during his embassy 
to China. Lowndes. 

CHAPMAN, WILLIAM. Observations on the various Systems of Can- 
al Navigation, with Inferences Practical and Mathematical; in which 
Mr. Fulton's Plan of Wheel-Boats, and the Utility of Subterraneous 
and of Small Canals are particularly investigated. Including an Ac- 
count of the Canals and Inclined Planes of China. 4 engraved plates. 
4to. London. 

Largely based on the suggestions and proposals of the great American in- 

ventor, Robt. Fulton. Maggs, No. 521. 

STAUNTON, SIR GEORGE LEONARD. An Authentic Account of 
an Embassy to China, chiefly from the Papers of Lord Macartney and 
Sir E. Gower. Portraits of Macartney and the Emperor Tchien Lung, 
and atlas of 44 large plates. 2 vols. 4to and atlas fol. London. 

2nd edit., corrected, 3 vols., 8vo, London, 1798. See also Anderson, 1795 
above; Holme, 1798; A Complete View of the Chinese Empire, 1798; Barrow, 
1804; Helen Robbins' account, 1908. Translated into French, Paris, 1798; into 
German, Halle, 1798, and Zurich, 1798-99. See below. 

The account of this famous embassy was prepared at Government expense. 
Apart from its Chinese importance, it is of considerable interest owing 1 to the 

descriptions of the various places en route which were visited, including Madeira, 
Teneriff, Rio de Janeiro, St. Helena, Tristan d'Acunlia, Amsterdam Island, Java, 
Sumatra, Cochin-China, etc Maggs, No. 521. Great Britain was anxious to es- 
tablish formal diplomatic relations with China and thus open the way for unim- 
peded trade relations. But the pall of Chinese reserve and self-sufficiency, which 
for many centuries seldom admitted penetration, still hung over this empire and 
effectually resisted Lord Macartney's arguments and gifts. In 1793 China was 
as thoroughly China as it was before the days of Kang-hi. His visit was not in 
vain, however, for it gave us a most interesting account of Chinese manners and 
customs at the close of the eightenth century. 



PAR EAST 345 

1798 STAUNTON, SIR GEORGE LEONARD. Authentic Account of an 
Embassy to the Emperor of China, with Travels through that Ancient 
Empire and a Relation of the Voyage to the Yellow Sea and the Re- 
turn via South America and St. Helena, selected from the Earl of 
Macartney's Papers. 3 vols. 8vo. London. 

1908 MACARTNEY, GEORGE (Earl of). Our First Ambassador to China. 
An Account of the Life of George Earl of Macartney. With Ex- 
tracts from his Letters, and the Narrative of his Experiences in China, 
as told by himself, 1737-1806 From hitherto unpublished Correspon- 
dence and Documents by Helen Robbins. Illus. 8vo. London. 

1798 (In French.) Voyage dans rintencur de la Chine et en Tartarie fait dans 
les annees 1792, 1793 et 1794 Redigc stir les papiers de Lord Macart- 
ney, sur ceux du Commodore Eiasme Gowor et des autres personncs 
attaches a 1'Ambassade, par sir Georges Staunton. Traduit dc 1'anglais 
avec des notes par S. Caste ra. Sec. ed. ang. d'un precis de I'bistoire 
de la Chine, par le tradncteur du voyage en Chine, et en Tartarie de 
J.-C. Huttner, trnduit de rallemand par meme traducteur. Plates and 
maps. 5 vols 8vo. Paus. 

1798 (In German ) Reise der Englischcn (iesandtschaft an dem Kaiser von 
China, 1792-93. Ubersetzt von M C. Sprengel. 2 parts in 1 vol. 
Halle. 

The same translated by J C Huttner 2 vols. Zurich. 

1798 A Complete View of the Chinese Empire, exhibited in a Geographical De- 
scription of that Country, a Dissertation on its Antiquity, and a gen- 
uine and copious Account of Earl Macartney's Embassy. Portrait of 
Kien Long, Emperor of China. 8vo. London. 

In this work will be found an account of Lotd Macartney's Embassy, patched 
up in London from the meagre journal kept by a menial servant of the Ambassa- 
dor. Lowndes. 

HOLME, SAMUEL. A Journal during his Attendance as one of the 
Guard on Lord Macartney's Embassy to China and Tartary. 8vo. 
London. 

Holme may be the "menial servant" contemptuously referred to by Lowndes 
in the note to the preceding item. 

VAN BRAAM, ANDRE EVERARD. An Authentic Account of the 
Embassy of the Dutch East-India Company, to the Court of the Em- 
peror of China, in the years 1794 and 1795, containing a Description 
of several parts of the Chinese Empire, unknown to Europeans. Chart 
of the route. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

Pinkerton cites an edition in French published at Philadelphia, 1797. The au- 
thor was a member of the embassy. Lo\\ndes describes it as a clumsy produc- 
tion, containing, however, some valuable facts. 



346 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1800 TURNER, SAMUEL (Captain). An Account of an Embassy to the 
Court of the Teshoo Lama in Tibet, describing a Journey through 
Bootan, and Part of Tibet ; with Views taken on the Spot by Lt. Sam- 
uel Davis ; and Observations, Botanical, Mineralogical, and Medical, 
by Robert Saunders. Folding map and 13 plates of scenery, buildings, 
etc. 4to. London. 

Translated into French, Paris, 1800; also into German. See below. 

This is without comparison the most valuable work that has yet appeared 

on Thibet ; but it is to be regretted that the author could not advance further into 

the country. Pinkertdn XVII. Turner was a captain in the East India service. 
He led an expedition into Tibet in 1783-85, of which the above is an account. 

1800 (In French.) Ambassade au Thibet et ail Boutan, contenant des details 
tres curieux sur les moeurs, la religion, les productions ct le com- 
merce du Thibet, du Boutan et des etats voisins, et une notice sur les 
evenements qui s'y sont passes jusqu'en 1793, traduit de 1'anglais avec 
des notes par J. Castera. 2 vols. in 8vo, and 1 of views in 4to. Paris. 



ADDENDA 

1800-01 MASON, GEORGE HENRY (Major). The Costume and Punish- 
ments of China, 82 colored plates after the drawings of Pu-Qua of 
Canton, with Descriptions in English and French. 2 vols. Fol. Lon- 
don. 

1804 BARROW, JOHN (F.R.S.). Travels in China, containing Descriptions, 
Observations, and Comparisons, made and collected in the Course of 
a short Residence at the Imperial Palace of Yuen-min-yuen, and on 
a subsequent Journey through the Country from Pekin to Canton. 
IIlus. with several engravings. 4to. London. 

2nd edit., with added matter, London, 1806. 

The author was private secretary to Lord Macartney, and was in China with 
the embassy under the latter. 

1806 BARROW, JOHN. A Voyage to Cochin-China, in the years 1792 and 
1793; containing a general view of the valuable Products and political 
importance of this flourishing Kingdom, and also of such European 
Settlements as were visited on the voyage, ... to which is annexed, 
An Account of a Journey made in 1801 and 1802, to the Residence of 
the Chief of the Boesjesmans Nation in Southern Africa. Plates. 
8vo. London. 

1808 DE GUIGNES, - . Voyages a Peking, Manille, et Tile de France, 
faits dans Tintervalle de 1784 a 1801. 3 vols. 8vo and fol. atlas. 
Paris. 



T ^^^., 



According to Pinkerton XVII this work was translated into English, 4to, 

^^., 1QAH 



PAR EAST 347 

1808-1814 RICHARD, (Abbe). The Natural and Civil History of Ton- 

quin. In Pinkerton IX, 708-771. 

French original, 2 vols., 12mo, Paris, 1788. See below. 

1788 RICHARD, (Abbe). Histoire naturelle ct ci\ile du Tunkin. 2 vols. 

12mo. Paris. 

TURPIN, . History of Siam. Translated from the French. In Pin- 
kerton IX, 573-655. 

French original, 2 vols, 12mo, Paris, 1771 See below 

This work was based on some MSS which were communicated by the bishop 
of Tavolca, the apostolic vicar of Siam, and by other missionaries of that kingdom. 

1771 TURPIN, . Histoire civile et naturelle du Royaumc de Siam, et des 
Revolutions qui out boulcverse cet Empire jusqu'en 1770, publiee par 
M. Turpin, sur les manuscrits qui lui ont etc communiques par M. 
rEvcque dc Travolca, Vicare-apostolique de Siam, et d'autres misskm- 
aircs de ce royaume. 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 

1821 COX, H. (Captain). Journal of a Residence in the Burhman Empire, 
more particularly at the Court of Amarapoorah (in 1796). Edited by 
C. M. Cox. Colored plates. 8vo. London. 

1855 PEREIRA, (Father). Journey into Tartary, in the suite of the 

Emperor Kang-Hi. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 17. London. See the full 
title of this item under Verbiest, 1745-47, above. 

1866 Cathay and the Way Thither. Being a Collection of medieval notices of 
China, previous to the Sixteenth Century. Translated and Edited by 
Colonel Sir Henry Yule, K.C.S.I., R.E., C.B. With a preliminary 
Essay on the intercourse between China and the Western Nations pre- 
vious to the discovery of the Cape Route. 3 maps and 8 illus, 2 vols. 
Hak. Soc., ser. I, vols. 36-37. London. (See under 1913-16 below.) 

1869 BEAL, S. Travels of Fah-Hian and Sung Yun, Buddhist Pilgrims, from 
China to India (400 A. D. to 518). Translated from the Chinese. Map. 
8vo. London. 



1882 COCKS, RICHARD. The Diary of Richard Cocks, Cape-Merchant in 
the English Factory in Japan, 1615-1622, with Correspondence (Add. 
MSS. 31,300-1. Brit. Mus.). Edited by Edward Maunde Thompson. 
2 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. I, vol. 66-67. London. 



348 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1900 SARIS, JOHN (Captain). The Voyage of Capt. John Saris to Japan 
in 1013. Edited by H. E. Sir Ernest Mason Satovv, G.C.M.G. Map 
and illus. Hak. Soc., ser. II, vol. f^. London. 

1913-10 Cathay and the Way Thither. Being a Collection of Medieval Notices 
of China. Translated and Edited by Col. Sir Henry Yule, K.C.S.I., 
R.E., C.B. New Edition revised throughout by Professor Henri Cor- 
dier, tie ITnstitute de France. Maps and illus. 4 vols. Hak. Soc., ser. 
II, vols. 33, 37, 38, 41. (1st vol. is 38; 2nd vol. 33 ; 3rd vol. 37; 4th vol. 
41.) London. 

1919 BADDELEY, JOHN F. Russia, Mongolia, China: some Record of the 
Relations between them from the Beginning 1 of the XVIth Century to 
the Death of the Tsar Mikhailovich, A. D. 1602-1676; rendered mainly 
in the form of Narratives dictated or written by the Envoys sent by the 
Russian Tsars, or their Voevodas in Siberia to the Kalmuck and Mon- 
gol Khans and Princes, and to the Emperors of China, with Introduc- 
tions, historical and geographical, also a Series of Maps showing the 
Progress of Geographical Knowledge in regard to Northern Asia dur- 
ing the XVIth, XVIIth, and early XVIIIth Centuries; the Text taken 
more especially from MSS. in the Moscow Foreign Office Archives, 
with extensive Indexes. 27 maps, numerous illustrations in the text, 
facsimiles, and tables of pedigrees. 2 vols. Fol. London. 

This is regarded as one of the most remarkable books of its kind in existence 
and of immense historical worth. 

1923 FA-HSIEN. Travels of Fa-hsien, 399-414 A.D., or Records of the Budd- 
histic Kingdoms. Retranslated by H. A. Giles. 8vo. London. 

1928 BOXER, C. R. A Portuguese Embassy to Japan (1664-1667). 8vo. 
London. 



1929 ODORIC (Friar). The Journal of Friar Odoric, 1318-1330. In Kom- 
roff, Contemporaries of Marco Polo. London. 

His relation was drawn up from his own mouth by Friar William of Solanga 
in 1330. Ramusio has inserted it in Italian in vol. II of his Collection; Hakluyt 
included it in vol. II of his work, in Latin and English. 

In about the year 1318 Odoric was sent on a missionary journey to the Far 
East. He reached western India in about 1321, and from there proceeded to China, 
where he stayed three years. He visited Sumatra and Java and coasted Borneo, 
and travelled overland to Peking. He came back by way of Tibet, Persia and the 
country of the Assassins, and finally reached his home in Udine, where he died in 
1331. After Marco Polo he vvas the first traveller to describe the lands mentioned. 
From Komroff's Introduction to this text. 



FAR EAST 349 

1931 CH'ANG-CH'UN. The Journey of the Taoist Ch'ang Ch'un from China 
to the Hindukush at the summons of Chingiz Khan. Translated (from 
the Chinese), with an Introduction, by Arthur Waley. Map. 8vo. 
Broadway Travellers. London. 

Chingi? (or Ghengis) Khan seems to have been particularly interested in the 
religions of the world. Perhaps, as Mr. Waley suggests m his extremely interest- 
ing introduction to this book, he believed that a great monarch should be able to 
count upon the support of a great sage. At any rate, at the beginning of the 
thirteenth century, \vheu he was at the height of his power, he summoned to his 
court Ch'ang Ch'un, the head of a Taoist sect, whose travels are here related. 
From the Publisher's Note. 



XII 

Siberia 



1706 IDES, EVERARD YSBRANTS. For an account of Siberia see his 
Three Years' Travels from Moscow overland to China, under FAR 
EAST. 

The portion dealing with Siberia reprinted in Harris II, 951-961. 

1722-23 LANGE, LAURENCE. For an account of Siberia see his Travels 
through Russia to China and Siberia, under FAR EAST ; and F. C. 
Weber, Present State of Russia, under EAST EUROPE. 

1736-38 STRAHLENBURG, PHILIP JOHANN VON. For his travels in 
Siberia see his Historlco-Geographical Description of the North and 
Eastern Parts of Europe and Asia, under EAST EUROPE. 

1744-48 A distinct Account of that Part of the North-east Frontier of the Rus- 
sian Empire, commonly called the Country of Kamschatka or Kam- 
schatska, including the Voyage of Captain Behring, for Discovery to- 
wards the East with many curious and entertaining Circumstances re- 
lating to those distant Countries and their Inhabitants ; as also an En- 
quiry into the Probability of the Country which he described being 
connected with North America, with a Variety of other Points of 
great Consequence in Relation to designs now on foot in various Parts 
of Europe for making a thorough Discovery of the Superior Parts of 
the Northern Hemisphere, which would be of utmost Consequence to 
Trade and Navigation . . . Collected from the best Authorities both 
Printed and Manuscript. In Harris II, 1016-1041. 

For an account of Bering's voyages, with those of his predecessors and fol- 
lowers, and a history of the conquest of Siberia by the Russians, see William 
Coxe, under 1780, NORTH PACIFIC. A modern edition of Bering's voyages, 
New York, 1922. See below See also the section NORTH PACIFIC for a 
number of works relating to discoveries on the east coast of Siberia. 

By 1697 the Russians had arrived in Kamchatka; ten years later they readied 
the southern end of this region and sighted the nearest islands of the Kurilcs chain. 
Various later expeditions brought to light new regions for mapping. In 1728 Vitus 
Bering sailed from Kamchatka north to discover whether the shores of Asia joined 
with those of North America. This voyage and that of 1741, which gave him a 
sight of Mount St. Elias in Alaska, belong to the section NORTH PACIFIC. 

1922 BERING, VITUS Bering's Voyages (vol. I). An Account of the Ef- 
forts of the Russians to determine the Relation of Asia and America 
(vol. II). By F. A. Golder. 2 vols. Amer. Geog. Research Series, 
No. 2. New York. 

(350) 



SIBERIA 351 

1752-57 GMELIN, JOHANNES G. Travels through Siberia, between the 
years 1733-1743; containing a Description of the Manners and Cus- 
toms of the People ; the principal Rivers, . . . Plates. 4 vols. Harlem. 

German original, Gottingcn, 1751-52. Sec below. 

When the eighteenth century opened the Russians had become acquainted with 
the main geographical features of Northern Asia. The next forty years were to 
see many of the gaps filled in, particularly on the cast and north coasts of Siberia 
as well as in the interior. Assisting in this work was the Academy of Sciences, 
(of St. Petersburg) among whose members participating in the actual work of 
discovery were Gmelin the naturalist, De la Croyere the astronomer, and Miiller 
the historian This widely planned series of land and sea journies took form in 
1733 and was practically completed by 1745. Gmelin and Mullcr explored the re- 
gion east of Lake Baikal in 1735 and in 1736 the upper reaches of the Lena basin. 
They returned to St. Peterburg in 1743. See Heawood, Geographical Discovery 

1752-57 GMP:LIN, JOHANNES GECKO. Reise durch Sibirien, von den Jahren 
1733-1743. 4 theile. 4 Karten. Gottingen. 

1763 KRASHEN1NNIKOF, H. The History of Kamtschatka and the Kuril- 
sky Islands, with the Countries adjacent, illustrated with maps: pub- 
lished at St. Petersburg!! by order of His Imperial Majesty ; and trans- 
lated into English, by James Grieve. London. 

Another edition, Gloucester, 1764. Russian original, St. Petersburg (Lenin- 
grad), 1754. See below. 

It is to the student Krasheninikof that we owe the first scientific account of 
the country. Heawood, Geographical Discovery The work deals with details of 
the morals, customs, religion of the inhabitants of this peninsula, as well as the 
power exercised by the magicians or shamans. It also treats of the differences 
between the dialects of the Kamchatkans and of those of the Korsacs and of the 
Kuriles islanders. 

1754 KRASHENINIKOF, H. Opisanie Zemli Kamtschatki sotschenennoja 2 
vols. St. Petersburg. 

1770 CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, JEAN (Abbe). A Journey into Siberia, 
made by order of the King of France. By M. 1'Abbe Chappe d'Au- 
teroche, of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris in 1761. Contain- 
ing an Account of the Manners and Customs of the Russians, the 
present State of their Empire; with the Natural History, and Geograph- 
ical Description of their Country, and Level of the Road from Paris 
to Tobolsky. Illus. with cuts. Translated from the French with a 
Preface by the Translator. 4to. London. 

French original, 3 vols., (4 with atlas), Paris, 1768. See below 
The last volume of the French edition contains the Description of Kamt- 
schatka by Krasheninikof, translated from the Russian. See preceding item. Some 
of the unfavorable remarks on the Russians drew forth some lively criticisms 
from the Empress Catherine II and the Count Chouvalof. These appeared first 
in 1771 at Amsterdam under the title. Antidote. CM examcn du mauvais lirre en- 
titnles: Voyage dc I' Abbe Chappe. Quoted by Sotheran. For this Antidote see 
below. Dr. Johnson used this author to correct Lord Kames's Sketches of the 
History of Man, who took the incident in question from Chappe d'Auteroche. 



352 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

1768 CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, JEAN (Abbe). Voyage en Siberie fait par 

ordre du Roi en 1761 ; contenant les moeurs, les usages des Russes, et 

I'&at acttiel de cette puissance; la Description geographique et le Niyel- 
lement de la route de Paris a Tobolsk; 1'Histoire naturellc de la merne 
route ; des Observations astronomiques et des Experiences sur 1'Elec- 
tricite naturelle; cnrichi de Cartes Geographiques, de Plans de Profils, 
de Terrain ; de Gravures qui representent les usages des Russes, leurs 
moeurs, leurs habillements, les Divinites des Calmouks, et plusieurs, 
morceaux d'histoire naturelle. 3 vols. and atlas, together 4 vols. Fol. 
Paris. 

Lowndes says that the French edition deserves attention for its 

splendid and accurate engravings and its powerful description of man- 
ners and character. 

1772 The Antidote, or an Enquiry into the merits of a Book, entitled a Journey 
into Siberia, 1770. Translated into English by a Lady. London. 

This translation was made by a Lady at St. Petersburgh, and dedi- 
cated to the Empress Catherine, who was generally reported to have 
taken an active share in the original "Antidote." Pinkerton XVII. 

1780 COXE, WILLIAM. For an account of the Russian conquests of Si- 
beria see under this date, NORTH PACIFIC. 

1790 BENYOWSKY, MAURITIUS AUGUSTUS, COUNT DE. The Menv 
oirs and Travels of Mauritius Augustus, Count de Benyowsky, in Si- 
beria, Kamchatka, Japan, the Liukiu Islands and Formosa. Translated 
from the original Manuscript (by W. Nicholson). 2 vols. 4to. Lon- 
don. 

An edition, Dublin, 1790. See below. Pinkerton cites an edition, 2 vols., 4to, 
London, 1794. Modern reprints, edited by Capt. Pasficld Oliver, 8vo, London, 
1893 ; edited with Introduction and Notes, by Capt. Oliver, Dryden House Mcm- 

oirs, London, 1904, from the text of the 1790 Dublin edition. Translated into 
German, Tubingen, 1790; into French, Paris, 1791; into Dutch, Haarlem, 1793. 
See below. 

Pinkerton observes very rightly that some portions of the journal of this 
adventurer are of very doubtful authority. How far the falsification of dates and 
facts, voyages and adventures was carried by the writer has been set forth by 
Capt. Oliver in the Introduction to his 1904 edition. The journal ends with his 
departure from Madagascar in 1776, but his adventures continued until his death 
on his return to that island in 1784. 

1790 BENYOWSKY, MAURITIUS AUGUSTUS, COUNT DE. The Mem- 
oirs and Travels of Mauritius Augustus, Count de Benyowsky, Mag- 
nate of the Kingdoms of Hungary and Poland, one of the Chiefs of 
the Confederation of Poland, . . . consisting of his Military Operations 
in Poland, his Exile into Kamchatka, his Escape and Voyage from 
that Peninsula through the Northern Pacific Ocean, touching at Japan 
and Formosa, to Canton in China, with an Account of the French Set- 
tlement he was appointed to form upon the Island of Madagascar. Writ- 
ten by himself. Translated from the original manuscript. In 2 vols. 
8vo. Dublin. 

1790 (In German.) Reise durch Siberien und Kamtschatka, uber Japan und 
China nach Europa, nebst einem Auszug seiner iibrigen Lebensbe- 
schreibung. Aus dem Englischen ubersetzt von Dr. Mary Liebeskind. 
Mit Anmerkungen von J. R. Forster. Tubingen. 



SIBERIA 353 

1791 (In French ) Voyages et Memoires flu comte Bcnjowsky contenant ses 
operations en Pologne, son exile an Kamtschatka et son Voyage a 
travcrs 1'Occun Pacifiquc au Japon, a. J'onnosa, . . . Tradutt de 1'ang- 
lais. 2 vols. Paris. 

1793 (In Dutch.) Gcdcnkschrifter en reizen. Naar het Knglisch. Haarlem 

LESSEPS, J. B. B. DE. Travels in Kamtschatka, 1787-1788, translated 
from the French. 2 vols. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1790. See bt low 

This narrative gives a lively picture of the inhabitants of the northern parts 
of Asiatic and European Russia Lowndes. De Lesscps was a member of the 
expedition sent out by Louis XVI to explore more accurately the north-eastern 
eoast of Siberia under command of La Pcrouse lie was left at Petropavlovsk to 
carry despatches overland across Siberia to I'Vance, a journey he successfully ac- 
compli >hed. 

1790 LESSEPS, G. B. B. DE. Journal bistoriquc /lu Voyage de M. de Les- 
scps, Consul de France, employe dans 1'Expedition de M. de la Peyrouse 
en (juahtc d'Interprete du Rot, drpuis 1'instant ou il a quitte Ics frcg- 
ates Franchise au Port Saint Pierre et St Paul en Kamtschatka. Maps 
and plates. 2 vols. Paris. 

1800 BILLINGS, JOSEPH (Commodore). An Account of a geographical and 
astronomical Expedition to the Northern Parts of Russia for ascer- 
taining the degree of latitude and longitude of the Mouth of the River 
Lena; of the whole Coast of the Tshutski to East Cape; and of the 
Islands of the Eastern Ocean, stretching to the American Coast. 
Performed by Command of her Imperial Majesty Catherine II, by J. 
Billings in the years 1785-1794. The whole narrated from the original 
Papers (by Martin Sauer). 4to. Chart. London. 

This date is given by Chavanne 1802 is the date usually cited with this work. 
Translated into French, Paris, 1802; into German, Berlin, 1802. See below. 

A valuable work, although deficient in natural history . . . Another account 
was published in Russian by Captain Saretschewya Lowndes. This expedition 
was the outcome of a suggestion made by Dr. William Coxe, the English historian 
of many voyages and travels. Billings was an officer in the Russian navy, and 
Sauer, under whose name the above work is sometimes listed, was his secretary. 
He it was who wrote up the fullest account of the \oyage. Billings left Lenin- 
grad (St. Petersburg) in 1785, but he did not actually sail until 1789. He visited 
Kodiak, Montague Island, Prince William Sound, and caught sight of Mt. St. 
Elias. Scarcity of food caused him to return the same year to Petrapavlovsk. The 
expedition accomplished little and marks the close of the Russian surveys on 
the eastern coast of Siberia. 

1802 (In French ) Voyage fait par Ordre de 1'imperatrice de Russie Catherina 

II, dans le Nord de la Russie asiatique, dans la mer glaciale . . . deptiis 
1785-1794 par le Commandcur Billings Traduit de 1'anglais avec des 
notes par Castera. 2 vols. avec 1 atlas. 8vo. Paris. 

1803 (In German.) Rcise zur Untersuchung der Kiisten des Eismeeres, oder 

geographisch-astronomische Reise nach den nordlichen Gegenden Russ- 
lands 1785-1794. Herausgegeben von Martin Sauer. Aus dem Rnglisch- 
en. Maps and plates. 8vo. Berlin. 



XIII 

Africa 

1554 BOEMUS, JOHANNES. The Description of the Contrey of Aphrique. 
Translated by Wyllyam Prat of London from the French. London. 

The original of Boemus's work is Omnium gentium mores (1520). See 
Boemus, 1555, under GENERAL TRAVELS AND DESCRIPTIONS. 

1577 VARTHEMA, LUDOVICOS DI. For an account of Egypt see his The 
Navigation and Vyages of Lewes Vertomannus, under EAST INDIES. 

1583 A Pleasant Description of the Fortunate Ilandes, called the Ilandes of 
Canaria, with their straunge Fruits and Commodities, verie delectable 
to read, to the Praise of God. Composed by the poor Pilgrime. 12mo. 
London. 

In Hakluyt, Principal Navigations (1599), it is stated that this work was 
"composed by Thomas Nicols, English man, who remained there the space of 
seven yeares together." 

1586 SAUNDERS, THOMAS (Captain). A True Description and breefe 
Discourse of a most lamentable Voyage made lately to Tripolie in Bar- 
barie ; with the barbarous Vsage of our Men there. 4to. London. 

1590 WEBBE, EDWARD. For an account of his adventures in Egypt see 

his Rare and most wonder full Thinges, under NEAR EAST. 

1591 HORTOP, JOB. The Rare Trauales of an Englishman, who was not 

heard of in three and twcntie Yeercs Space. 4to. London. 

"Wherein is declared the dangers he escaped in his voyage to Gynnic, where 
after he was set ashore in a wilderness necre Panico, he endured much slauerie 
and bondage in the Spanish Galley." Lowndes. See also under WEST INDIES 
this date. 

1597 LOPEZ, DUARTE. A Report of the Kingdome of Congo, a Region of 
Africa. And of the Countries that border rounde about the same. 
1. Wherein is also shewed, that the two Zones Torrida and Frigida, 
are not onely habitable, but inhabited, and very temperate, contrary 
to the opinion of the old Philosophers, 2, That the blacke colour 
which is in the skinnes of the Ethiopians and Negroes, etc,, proceed- 
eth not from the Sunne. 3. And that the River Nilus springeth not out 
of the mountains of the Moone, as hath been heretofore beleeved: 

(354) 



AFRICA 355 

Together with the true cause of the rising and increasing thereof. 
4. Besides the description of divers Plants, Fishes and Beastes, that 
are found in those Countries. Drawen out of the writinges and dis- 
courses of Odoardo Lopez a Portingall, by Philippo Pigafetta. Trans- 
lated out of Italian by Abraham Hartwell. 4 engraved folding maps 
of Southern Africa, the Congo Basin, and the Nile Basin; ten full 
page woodcuts of the inhabitants, the animals, and trees of Africa. 
The two title pages before and after the introductory matter. 4to. 
London. 

Reprinted in Osborne II, 519-583; an abstract in Astley III, 132-135. A mod- 
ern translation by Margarite Hutchinson, London, 1881. Italian original, Rome, 
1591. See below. 

Lopez left Portugal for the Congo in April, 1578. After a stay of some years 
he was appointed the King of Congo's ambassador to the Pope and to Philip II 
of Spain, to tell them of the Congo's need for missionaries, to show various speci- 
mens of minerals, and to offer the Portuguese the advantages of free trade. On 
his return he was shipwrecked on the American coast (of Venezuela) and spent 
a year there before reaching home. He got no help from either the Pope or King 
Philip In the meantime one Philip Pignf<tta had orders to collect all the infor- 
mation he could from Lopez concerning the Congo and other parts of Africa. The 
result was this work, which up to the middle of the nineteenth century was one 
of the chief sources for authentic information concerning central Africa. As was 
usual with travellers, Lopez spoke more of the things he had heard than of the 
things he had seen. In 1589 he returned to the Congo, and nothing more was 
heard of him. From Maggs, No. 519. The "Epistle to the Reader" tells that 
this translation was undertaken at the request of R. Hakluyt. It was afterwards 
translated into Latin by Augustiri Cassiadore Reinius and placed by the De Brys 
at the head of their Collection of Voyages to the Host It has been pointed out 
that this narrative was used by Defoe for his Captain Singleton. 

1591 PIGAFETTA, FILIPPO. Relatione del reame di Congo et delle circon- 
vicine contrade tratta dalh scritti & ragionamcnti di Odoardo Lopez 
Portoghese. Con dissegni vari di Gcografia, di plante, d'habiti, d'animah, 
& altro. Maps and plates. 4to Rome. 

1598 UNSCHOTEN, JAN HUYGENS VAN. For descriptions of the west 
coast of Africa see His Discours of Voyages into ye Haste and West 
Indies, under EAST INDIES. 

1600 LEO AFRICANUS. A Geographical Historic of Africa, written in Ara- 
bicke arid Italian by John Leo a More, born in Granada, and brought 
up in Barbaric. Wherein he hath at large described, not onely the 
Qualities, Situations, and true Distances of the Regions, Townes, 
Mountaines, Riuers, and other places throughout all the north and 
principal Paries of Africa; but also of the Descents and Families of 
their Kings, the Causes and Euents of their Warres, with their Man- 
ners, Customcs, Religions, and ciuile Government, and many other 
memorable Matters. . . . Before which, out of the best ancient and 
moderne Writers, is prefixed a generall Description of Africa, and 
also a particular Treatise of all the maine Lands and Isles ondescribed 
by John Leo. And after the same is annexed a Relation of the great 



356 A REFERENCE GVWE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Princes, and the manifold Religions in that Part of the World. Trans- 
lated and collected by John Pory, lately of Goneuill and Caius College 
in Cambridge. Folding map of Africa, Fol. London. 

Included in great part in Purchas His Pilgrimes, 1625. Edited for the Hak- 

luyt Society, 1895. Sec below. 

Leo Africanus, whose real name was Alhassan ibn Mohammed Alwazzan, was 
carried off to Rome by Venetian corsairs and converted to Christianity under Leo 
X, but escaping to Africa after twenty years at the Papal court, naturally re- 
verted to Islam. For a long time his work was the chief authority on the geog- 
raphy of Africa, and the main source of information on the Sudan. Sotheran. It 
was probably first written in Arabic. After having learned Italian he seems to 
have rewritten it in that language. Ramusio obtained the MS. (dated Rome, 1526) 
in 1550 and published it that year in his Collection of Voyages and Travels The 
Latin edition of Florianus was published at Antwerp, 1556. John Pory, the 
translator, used the Latin version (with perhaps some reference to the French 
edition). Sec the Introduction to the edition published hy the Hakluyt Society for 
further details. The map shows the Nile, the Congo, and the Zambesi all orig- 
inating from the same source, a lake that is situated in what is now called the 
Belgian Congo. Pory's translation was well esteemed by his contemporaries ; 
though it is said to be wanting in literal accuracy, it is more faithful than that 
of Florianus. His translation is set after an account of the part of Africa not de- 
scribed by Leo compiled from various authorities and of value as a fair view of 
the knowledge of that continent possessed by the English in the closing years of 
Queen Elizabeth's reign. Nearly the whole of Leo was retranslated as an Ap- 
pendix to Francis Moore's Travels into the Inland Parts of Africa. This version 
pretends to have been made from the original Italian, though it may have utilized 
the Latin version frequently. See Moore under 1738 below. 

1895 LEO AFRICANUS. The History and Description of Africa, And of the 
Notable Things Therein Contained. Written by Al-Hassan Ibn-Mo- 
hammed Al-Wezaz Al-Fasi, a Moor, baptized as Giovanni Leone, but 
better known as Leo Africanus. Done into English in the year 1600 
by John Pory, and now edited, with an Introduction and Notes, by Dr. 
Robert Brown. 4 maps. 3 vols. Hak. Soc. ser. I, vols. 92, 93 and 94. 
London. 

1603 TIMBERLAKE, HENRY. For his visits to Alexandria and the Grand 
Cairo see his A True and Straunge Discourse of the Trauailes of two 
English Pilgrimes, under NEAR EAST. 



1608 WILKINS, GEORGE. Three Miseries of Barbary: Plague, Famine, and 

Civill Warre. With a Relation of the Death of Mahomet the late 
Emperour; and a briefe Report of the now present Wars betweene the 
three Brothers. 4to. London. 

1609 BIDDULPH, WILLIAM. For his travels in Africa see The Travels of 

certaine Englishmen, under NEAR EAST. 

C., RO. A True Historicall discourse of Muley Hamets rising to the 
three Kingdomes of Moruccos, Fes, and Sus. The disvnion of the 
three Kingdomes . . . The Religion and Policie of the More. . . . The 



AFRICA 357 

aduentures of Sir Anthony Sherley ... in those Countries. With 
other Nouelties. 4to. London. 

The dedication is signed Ro. C. (possibly Robert Coverte?). For Sir Anthony 
Sherley see A New and large Discourse of the Travels of under 1601, CEN- 
TRAL ASIA. 

1613 Late Newes out of Barbary. In a Letter written from a Merchant there, 
to a Gentleman not long since imployed into that Countrie from his 
Maiestie, containing some strange Particulars of this new Saintish 
Kings Proceedings: as they have been credibly related from such as 
were eye-witnesses. 4to. London. (22 pp.) 

1615 SANDYS, GEORGE. For some descriptions of Egypt see his Relation 
of a Journey begun An. Dom. 1610, under NEAR EAST. 

1623 JOBSON, RICHARD. The Golden Trade, or a Discovery of the River 
Gambia and the Golden Trade of the Aethiopians ; also the Commerce 
with a Great Blacke Merchant, called Buckor Sano, arid his report of 
the houses covered with gold, and other strange observations for the 
good of our own Count rey. 4to. London. 

An abstract of the Captain's Journal, which was never published before, and 
an Abridgement of the Narrative are to be found in Pure has His Pilgrimes. The 
above work is given in abstract in Astlcy II, 174-189; a modern reprint, edited 
by C. G. Kingsley in 4to f London, 1904; and another, Penguin Press, London, 1932. 

There are two works extant relating to this voyage one, a Journal contain- 
ing an account of Jobson's Passage from England to the Gambia and up that 
river to Tenda, with descriptions of the places he visited, is the one cited above. 
The other is a narrative of his transactions during his stay on the Gambia, and 

includes an account of the inhabitants and the natural history of that country. 
This is the Abridgement included in Purchas. Jobson was appointed in 1620 to 
command an expedition to explore the river Gambia, in the interests of "the gen- 
tlemen adventurers for the countries of Guinea and Benin." Former attempts 
in 1&18 and 1619 had failed, in consequence of the hostility of the Portuguese and 
the unhealthful climate. Sailing from England Oct. 25, 1620, he arrived at the 
mouth of the Gambia Nov. 17, and succeeded in ascending the river as high as 
Tenda, though he did not meet with the gold for which he was mainly looking. 
He gives interesting accounts of the natives, till then unvisitcd by Europeans, 
though they had already an overland trade with the Moors of the North coast. 
D.N.B., quoted by Maggs, No. 519. 

1634 HERBERT, SIR THOMAS. For an account of parts of Africa see his 
Some Y cares Travail e into A f rick and the Greater Asia, under CEN- 
TRAL ASIA. 



1637 The Arrivall and Intertainements of the Embassador, Alkaid Jaurar Ben 
Abdella, with his Associate, Mr. Robert Blake. From the High and 
Mighty Prince, Mulley Mahamed Sheque, Emperor of Morocco, King 
of Fesse and Suss. With the Ambassadors good and applauded com- 



358 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

mendations of his royall and noble entertainments in the Court and 
the City. Also a Description of some Rites, Customes, and Lawes of 
those Affrican Nations . . . 4to. London. 

This concerns the release also of 302 British subjects from Sallee, the 
stronghold of the Moorish pirates and sea-rovers. Maggs, No. 580. 

1640 HAMMOND, W. A Paradox, proving that the Inhabitants of the Isle 
called Madagascar or Saint Laurence (in Tempo rail Things) are 
the Happiest People in the World . . . with most Probable Arguments 
of a Hopeful and Fit Plantation of a Colony there in respect of the 
fruitfulnesse of the Soyle, the benignity of the ayre, and the Relieving 
of our English Ships, both to and from the East Indies. London. 

For a similar argument see Boothby under 1646 below. 

KNIGHT, FRANCIS. A Relation of seaven Years Slaverie under the 
Turkes of Argeire, whereunto is added, a Second Booke containing a 
Description of Argeire, its originall, . . . Frontispiece and plates. Lon- 
don. 

Reprinted in Osborne II, 466-489. See below. 

Knight arrived in Algiers, Jan. 16, 1631. He had to serve in the Aljrcrine 
galleys and relates many interesting passages at sea with the ships of the Euro- 
peans. He effected his escape after the battle of Vollonia where the Venetians 
defeated the Turkish fleet. 

1745 KNIGHT, FRANCIS. A Relation of Seven Years' Slavery under the 
Turks of Algier, Suffered by an English Captive Merchant. Wherein 
is also contained All memorable Passages, Fights, and Accidents, which 
happened in that City, and at Sea with their Ships and Gallies during 
that Time. Together with a Description of the Sufferings of the mis- 
erable Captives under that merciless Tyranny. Whercunto is added, A 
Second Book, containing a Description of Algier, with its Original, 
Manner of Government, Increase, and present flourishing Estate. In 
Osborne II, 466-489. London. (Paging is wrong in some copies.) 

1642 ROBINS, J. Relief to the English Captives in Algiers. 4to. London. 

1646 BOOTHBY, RICHARD. A Briefe Discovery or Description of the 
most Famous Island of Madagascar or St. Lavrence in Asia neare 
unto East-India. With Relations of the Healthfulnesse, Pleasure and 
Wealth of that Country ... a very Earthly Paradise: a most fitting 
and desirable place to settle an English Colony and Plantation there, 
rather than in any other part of the knowne world, ... it being the 
fittest place for a Magazine or Storehouse of Trade between Europe 
and Asia, farre exceeding all other Plantations in America or else- 
where. . . . London. 

Reprinted in Osborne II, 625-663, London. Sec Hammond, 1640, above. 

The author suggests the plantation of an English colony in Madagascar with 



AFRICA 359 

Prince Rupert as Viceroy. The work also treats of the cruelty of the Dutch (a 
frequent complaint) against some English traders at Amboyna in the Dutch East 
Indies (see under 1624, EAST INDIES) ; the loss of Ormus in Persia by the 
Portuguese, and the importance of that port ; various matters of Indian trade ; 
Invention, Guns, and Printing in China, etc. Robinson, No 19. The author was 
an English merchant interested in the East India trade, who had spent some 
months on the island and was moved to writing this work by the fact that some 
Englishmen had gone to Madagascar. He comments in his preface to the reader 

on the fact that some had objected to his placing the island in Asia instead of 
Africa, but he remained "unresolved, some mariners accounting it in Asia." He 
admits into his text "Remarks by Francis Lloyd," an East India merchant. 

GREAVES, JOHN Pyramidographia, or, a Description of the Pyramids 
in Egypt. Folding plate. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Churchill II, 625-674. 

Greaves was professor of astronomy at Oxford. He went to Egypt in 1637. 
Here he spent some time visiting and measuring the objects he describes. He pub- 
lished, with a Latin translation, the tables of latitude and longitude of the Red 
Sea by the Arabian geographer Abu 'Ifeda, in 1650 (see Abu 'Ifeda under 1745-47, 
NEAR EAST). 

1650 HUNT, ROBERT (Lieut.-Col.) The Island of Assada, near Mada- 
gascar Impartially defined; being a Succinct, yet Plenary Description 
of the Scituation, Fertility, and People therein Inhabiting. Cleerly 
demonstrating to the Adventurer or Planter the right way for disposing 
his Adventure to his most commodious advantage ; Advising People of 
all degrees, from the highest to the lowest, how suddenly to raise their 
Estate and Fortunes. 4to. London. (8 pp.) 

A curious and scarce little work. Hunt refers to his having been Governor 
of Providence Island (i.e., New Providence Island in the Bahamas which had been 
settled in 1629, although Spain retook it in 1641), since when he had been wait- 
ing for an opportunity of making a similar settlement elsewhere, for the glory 
of God and his native country. He had decided on the Island of Assada, near 
Madagascar, which he compared with Barbadoes as to situation, but considers 
the cost of planting to be only about a tenth of what it would be at the latter. 
Assada was situated near the northern extremity of Madagascar, about nine 
miles off the western coast. He considered it a much more favorable position 
than the settlement which had previously been attempted at St. Augustin's Bay 
in the southwest of the Island, and a good point of call for English shipping be- 
tween England and India. Maggs, No. 580. 

1663 THORNHILL, . Account of Upper and Lower Egypt. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII 

1664 A Brief Relation of the Present State of Tangier, And of the Advantages 

which . . . the Earle of Tiveot Has Obteyned against Gayland. . . . 
4to. London. (8 pp.) 

1665 The Golden Coast; or, A Description, of Guinncy. 1. In its Air and Sit- 

uation. 2. In the Commodities imported thither, and exported thence. 
3. In their Way of Traflick, their Laws and Customes, . . In Four 



360 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

Rich Voyages to that Coast, with a Relation of such Persons as got 
Wonderful Estates by their Trade thither. 4to. London. 

A very scarce and interesting volume, mentioning America, Peru and Brazil; 
also referring to Sir Thomas More's Utopia, and Sir Francis Bacon's New At- 
lantis Maggs, No. 572. 

1666 D'ARANDA, EMANUEL. The History of Algiers, and its Slavery, 
with many remarkable Particularities of A f rick. Written by the Sieur 
Emanuel D'Aranda, Sometime a Slave there. English'd by John 
Davies of Kidwelly. 8vo. London. 

A Latin version, the Hague, 1657. See below. 

1657 D'ARANDA, EMANUELIS. Historia Captivitatis Algericnsis, Hispan- 
ice conscripta. 12mo. The Hague. 

1669 TAFILETTA. A Short and Strange Relation Of some part of the Life 
of Tafiletta, the Great Conqueror and Emperor of Barbary. By one 
that hath lately been in His Majesties Service in that Country. En- 
graved portrait. 4to. London. 



A Short Relation of the River Nile, of its Source and Current, of its over- 
flowing the Campagnia of Egypt, and of other Curiosities (Reason 
why the Abyssine Emperour is called Prester John, etc.). Written by 
an Eye-Witnesse, who lived many years in the Chief Kingdoms of the 
Abyssine Empire. Translated out of a Portuguese Manuscript, at the 
desire of the Royal Society (by Sir Peter Wyche). 12mo. London. 

Other editions: 12mo, London, 1673; with a new preface, 8vo, London, 1791; 
London, 1798. A French version made from the English, Paris (?), 1674. A 
Latin version, London, 1669, cited by Pinkerton XVII. See tHow. 

James Bruce was greatly indebted to this work evidently. Lowndes. Ac- 
cording to Churchill, Introduction, this is only a translation of an account by a 
Portuguese Jesuit who lived for some years in Ethiopia, being the same as that 
which is given by F. Alvarez, and others of the Society of Jesus, who lived 
there, and no doubt is very authentic as coming from an eye-witness, who was a 
person of probity. 

1669 WINNE, . Brevis Relatio de Origine, Natura, Cursu et Incremento 

Nili. Per Winne. London. 

So cited by Pinkerton XVII, Pinkerton's general inaccuracy leads 
one to suspect that WINNE should be WYCHE, and that this work 
may be a Latin version written at the same time or perhaps first. 

1674 (In French.) Relation de la riviere Nil de sa source; . . . traduit de 
1'original Anglois. In Recucil de divers voyayes faits en Afriquc ct en 
VAmcrique. 4to Paris (?). 

1670 BARATTI, GIACOMO. The Late Travels of S. Giacomo Baratti, an 
Italian Gentleman, into the remote Countries of the Abissins, or of 
Ethiopia Interior. Wherein you shall find an exact account of the 



AFRICA 361 

Laws, Government, Religion, Discipline, Customs, ... of the Christian 
people that do Inhabit there. . . . Translated by G. D. 12mo. London. 

In the Encyclopedia Italians (1930) there is cited an English translation of the 
date 1650. No Italian original is given. 

DAPPER, OLFERT. Africa, being an Accurate Description of the Re- 
gions of Egypt, Rarbary, Lybia and Billedulgoria, etc. London. 

This draws much on Leo Africanus. It is valuable historically for its plans 
of Tangier which was then occupied by the English. See Hak. Soc. ser. I, vol. 92. 
A German version, whether original or translation not indicated by the title, ap- 
peared at Amsterdam, 1670. See also Ogilby this date below. 

1670 DAPPER, OLFERT. Beschreibung von Africa und denen dazu gehorigen 
Konigreich und Landschaften als Egypten, etc. Fol. Amsterdam. 

A Letter from a Gentleman of the Lord Ambassador Howard's Retinue to 
his Friend in London dated at Fez, Nov. 1, 1669, wherein he gives a 
full Relation of the most Remarkable Passages in their Voyage thither, 
and of the present State of the Countries under the Power of Taffa- 
letta, Emperor of Morocco, with brief Account of the Merchandizing 
Commodities of Africa, and the Manners and Customs of the People 
there. 4to. London. 

This letter is signed S. L. Robinson, No. 19. 

1670 OGILBY, JOHN. Africa : being an Accurate Description of the Regions 
of Aegypt, Barbary, Lybia and Billedulgerid, the Land of the Negroes, 
Guinee, Aethiopia, and the Abyssines, with all the adjacent Islands, 
either in the Mediterranean, Atlantick, Southern or Oriental Sea, be- 
longing thereunto, with the several denominations of their Coasts, 
Harbours, Creeks, Rivers, Lakes, Cities, Towns, Castles and Villages, 
their Customs, Modes and Manners, Languages, Religions, and inex- 
haustible Treasure; with their Governments and Policy, Variety of 
Trade and Barter, and also of their wonderful Plants, Beasts, Birds 
and Serpents, collected and translated from most authentick authors, 
with notes and maps. Fol. London, 

Probably this was in the main translated from Dapper (cited above this 
date). Ogilby, the author of many geographical works, was "Cosmographer" to 
King Charles II. He also set up a printing establishment and published many 
works. He became the butt of ridicule on the part of Dryden and Pope, though 
the latter found him useful. He is said to have lost books to the value of 3,000 
in the London Fire. In the preface to the above work he gives an entertaining 
account of his own writings. 

ROBERTS, A. For his description of Algiers see the following work. 



362 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

SMITH, T. The Adventures of (Mr. T. S.), an English Merchant, taken 
Prisoner by the Turks of Argiers, and carried into the Inland Coun- 
tries of Africa, with a Description of the Kingdom of Argiers, of all 
the Towns and Places of Note thereabouts ; whereunto is added, a Re- 
lation of the Chief Commodities of the Countrey, and of the Actions 
and Manners of the People, written first by the Author, and fitted for 
the Publick View by A. Roberts; whereunto is annex'd an Observation 
of the Tide, and how to turn a Ship out of the Straights Mouth, the 
Wind being Westerly, by Richard Norris. 12mo. London. 

Churchill, Introduction, adds more detail to the title: "Containing a short 
account of Argier in the year 1648 . . . and more particularly of the city Tremizen, 
where the author resided three years, going abroad with several parties which 
his master commanded, and relates some love intrigues he had with Moorish 
women, as also very strange metamorphoses of men and other creatures turned 
into stone." 

VILLAULT, SIEUR DE BELLEFOND. A Relation of the Coasts of 
Africk Called Guinee; with A Description of the Countreys, Manners 
and Customs of the Inhabitants. . . . Being Collected in a Voyage By 
the Sieur Villault ... in the years 1666, and 1667. . . . 2nd edit. 12mo. 
London. 

Translated from the French original which was published in the preceding 
year. Another edition of the above, London, 1709. 

1671 ADDISON, LANCELOT. West Barbary, or a Short Narrative of the 
Revolutions of the Kingdoms of Fez and Morocco. With an account 
of the present Customs, Sacred, Civil and Domestick. 8vo. London. 

Reprinted in Pinkerton XV, 403-441. 

The author was the father of Joseph Addison, the essayist. He was chaplain 
to his Majesty in Ordinary at Tangier in 1662. See also Addison under 1685. 

1671 FREJUS, ROLAND. The Relation of a Voyage made into Mauritania, 
in Africk ... in the Year 1666. To Muley Arxid, King of Tafiletta, 
etc. For the Establishment of a Commerce in all the Kingdom of Fez. 
. . . Englished out of French. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1670. See below. 

Bound up in the same volume is : "A Letter, in answer to divers Curious 
Questions Concerning the Religion. Mariners, and Customs, of the Countrys Of 

Muley Arxid . . . Also their Trading to Tpmbotum for Gold. ... by Mons. A**** 
who lived 25 years in ... Morocco. Englished out of French. London, 1671. 

1670 FRKTUS, ROLAND Histoire de Muley Arx ; d, Roy dc Tafilete, Fez, 
Maroc, ft Tarudent Avec la Relation d'un Voyage fait cri 1666 vers 

ce Prince, pour Festablissement du Commerce en ces Estats. Et tine 
Lettre en reponse do diverscs Questions curieuses faites sur la Re- 
ligion, Moeurs, ct Coiitumes de son Pa'is ; avec diverses particularitez 
rtmarquabk's. . . . Ecrite par Monsieur ***** 2 vols. 12mo. Paris. 



AFRICA 363 

1672 MURTADI IBN GAPHIPHUS. The Egyptian History treating of the 
Pyramids, the Inundation of the Nile, and other Prodigies of Egypt, 
according to the Opinions and Traditions of the Arabians. Written 
originally in the Arabian tongue by Murtadi the son of Gaphiphus, 
rendered into French by Monsieur Vattier, Arabic Professor to the 
King of France, and thence faithfully done into English by J. Davies 
of Kid welly. 8vo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1666. See below. 

This work treats of the history, legends, antiquities, places, monuments, etc., 
of Egypt. 

1666 MURTADI IBN GAPHIPHUS. L/Egypte <*e Murtadi dc Gaphiphie, ou 
il est traite des Pyramidcs, du debordement du Nil, et des autrcs mer- 
uillcs de cette prouince, selon les opinions et traditions des Arabes, 
traduite de 1'Arabique par Pierre Vattier, sur un mariuscrit arabe tire 
de la bibliotheque de feu Mgr. le Cardinal Mazarin. 12mo. Paris. 

A True Relation of the Murders of Negroes or Moors, committed on three 
Englishmen in Old Calabar in Guinny. 4to. London. 

1675 ADDISON, LANCELOT. The Present State of the Jews, more partic- 

ularly relating to those in Barbary ; wherein is contain'd an exact ac- 
count of their Customs, secular Religion ; to which is annexed, A sum- 
mary Discourse of the 'Misna/ 'Talmud/ and 'Genmara.' 8vo. London. 

Reprinted 12mo, London, 1675; 3rd edit., 12mo, London, 1682. 

OKELEY, WILLIAM. Eben-ezer: or, a small Monument of Great Mer- 
cy, appearing in the Miraculous Deliverance of William Okeley, Wil- 
liam Adams, John Anthony, John Jephs, John , Carpenter, from 

the Miserable Slavery of Algiers, with the wonderful Means of their 
Escape in a Boat of Canvas ; the great Distress, and utmost Extremeties 
which they endured at Sea for Six Days and Nights ; their safe Arrival 
at Mayork : With several Matters of Remarque during their long Cap- 
tivity, and the following Providences of God which brought them safe 
to England. By me William Okeley. Frontispiece in compartments, 
showing various modes of punishment and execution. 16mo. London. 

This is one of the earliest accounts of victims of the Algiers pirates, then 
unusually active. There are commendatory verses at the beginning and the end. 
Sotheran. 

1676 ALCAFARADO, FRANCISCO. An Historical Relation of the First 

Discovery of the Isle of Madera. Translated out of French. 4to. 
London. 

Another edition, London, 1680. 

This is a discovery before it was peopled, and it continued lost again for 
several years, and has little of certainty. Churchill, Introduction, This is a lit- 



364 A REFERENCE GUIDE TO TRAVEL LITERATURE 

The Present State of Tangier. In a Letter to his Grace the Lord Chan- 
cellor of Ireland, and one of the Lords Justices there. To which is 
added, The Present State of Algiers. 12mo. London. 

Another edition, London, 1680. 

1678 BLOME, RICHARD. For an account of Algiers see his Description of 
the Island of Jamaica, 2nd edition of the 1672 issue, under WEST 
INDIES. 

1678 VANSLEB, JOHN MICHAEL. The Present State of Egypt ; or, a New 
Relation of a Voyage into that Kingdom in 1672-3. Wherein you have 
an exact and true Account of many Rare and Wonderful Particulars 
of that Ancient Kingdom. Englished by M. D. 12mo. London. 

French original, Paris, 1677. See below. 

This relates to his second voyage. The first one was performed in 1663, and 
was published in Italian at Paris, 1671. The real name of the author was Wans- 
leben. This work, according to Allg. Deutsche Biographic, contains not only an 
excellent description of Egypt, its inhabitants and most important animals and 
plants, all based on original observations, but also valuable information concerning 
its Christian antiquities. Sotheran. 

1677 VANSLEB-EN, JOHANN MICHAEL. Nouvelle relation en forme de 
Journal, d'un (Second) Voyage fait en Egypte, en 1672 et 1673. 12mo. 
Paris. 

1680 A Discourse Touching Tanger : In a Letter to a Person of Quality. To 
which is added, The Interest of Tanger: By another Hand. 4to. 
London. 



An Exact Journal of the Siege of Tangier, from the first sitting down of 
the Moors before it on March 25, 1680, to the late Truce, May 19, 
following: in three Letters written by three Eye Witnesses of the 
whole Transaction. Fol. London. 



A Letter from the King of Morocco to His Majesty the King of England 
Charles I. For the reducing of the Sally, Algiers, etc. The first 
of which was taken, by the assistance of the English Forces, with an 
account of the execution of the Pyrats and the Number of Christian 
Captives sent to His Majesty. London. 

The Moors baffled : being a discourse concerning Tangier, especially when 
it was under the Earl of Teviot ; by which you may find what meth- 
ods and Government is fittest to secure that place against the Moors. 
Written by a learned person long resident in that place. London. 



AFRICA 365 

1682 GLANIUS, . For an account of Madagascar see his A New Voyage 

to the East Indies, under EAST INDIES. 

LUDOLPHUS, JOB. A New History of Ethiopia; being a Full and 
Accurate Description of the Kingdom of Abessinia, Vulgarly though 
Erroneously called the Empire of Prester John. Made English by J. P. 
Gent. In Four Books. Many large engraved plates of animals, plants, 
etc. Fol. London. 

2nd edit, fol., London, 1684, to which is added a map of the country. A ver- 
sion in Latin, Frankfort on the Main, 1681. See below. 

Still a valuable work, and of especial interest for its account of Ethiopic lit- 
erature. The English translation Lowndes characterizes as "a work full of recon- 
dite and important information on the origin of the Abyssinians, the climate, soil, 
productions, etc." Quoted by Sotheran. 

1681 LUDOLFUS, HIOB. Historia Aethiopica, sive brevis et succincta De- 
scriptio Regni Habessinorum, quod vulgo male Presbyteri Johannis yo- 
catur ; cum Indicibus. Large engraved map, and copperplates, including 
the fat-tailed sheep. Fol. Francofurti ad Maenum. 

1685 ADDISON, LANCELOT. A Discourse of Tangier under the Govern- 
ment of the Earl of Teviot; written by Dr. Addison, Dean of Lich- 
field; who was Minister of the Engli