Skip to main content

Full text of "Regimental nicknames and traditions of the British army"

See other formats




Field-Marshal His Majesty the King. 

Regimental Nicknames 


Traditions of the British Army 




Obtainable of all Booksellers. 





ICofiy right under the Act of 1911} 

Preface to 1st Edition 

WHEN the Territorial System was adopted 
in 1881, the old titles borne by our regi- 
ments were, in many cases, changed, and in other 
instances entirely lost. When the old titles changed, 
the Nicknames, by which nearly every corps was 
known, disappeared. These Nicknames often brought 
to mind some amusing event or memorable incident 
in the regiment's career, and in many cases originated 
from some peculiarity in the uniform, or, in the case of a 
cavalry regiment, the colour of the horses. There 
is no official record kept of these Nicknames, as they 
were wholly unrecognised by the "Army List"; it is, 
therefore, hoped that the record of the old names and 
titles as shown in this work will be appreciated. 



Alexandra Princess of Wales's Own 

(Yorkshire Regiment) ... ... 60 

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders 106 

Army Medical Corps, Royal ... 112 

Ordnance Corps .. ... 114 

Pay Corps ... .. ... 115 

Service Corps .. ... Ill 

Veterinary Corps .. ... 113 

Artillery, Field, Royal 34 

Garrison, Royal .. ... 35 

Horse, Royal 33 

Bedfordshire Regiment .. ... 57 

Berkshire Regiment, Royal .. ... 88 

Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)... 82 

Border Regiment ... ... ... 75 

Borderers, Scottish, King's Own ... 66 

South Wales ... ... 65 

Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire and, 

Light Infantry 83 

Buffs (East Kent Regiment) ... 44 

Cameron Highlanders ... ... 102 

Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) ... 67 

Canadians, Royal (Leinster Regiment) 1 07 

Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards)... 10 

Cheshire Regiment ... 63 

Coldstream Guards... ... ... 38 

Connaught Rangers... ... ... 105 

Derbyshire, Notts, and, Regiment... 85 

Devonshire Regiment ... ... 52 

Dorsetshire Regiment ... ... 79 

Dragoon Guards, 1st (King**) ... 5 

2nd (Queen's Bays) 6 
3rd (Prince of 

Wales's) ... 7 
4th (Royal Irish)... 8 
5th (Princess Char- 
lotte of Wales's) 9 
6th(Carabinier)... 10 


Dragoon Guards, 7th (Princess Royal's) 1 1 

Dragoons, 1st (Royal) ... ... 12 

2nd (Royal Scot* Greys) 13 

,, 6th (Innitkilling) 17 

Dublin Fusilier*, Royal 109 

Duke of Cambridge s Own Lancers 

(17th) ... 28 

Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middle- 
sex Regiment) ... ... ... 92 

Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry... 73 
Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire 

Regiment) 94 

Duka of Wellington's (West Riding 

Regiment) ... ... ... 74 

Durham Light Infantry ... ... 98 

East Kent Regiment ... ... 44 

Lancashire Regiment ... ... 71 

Surrey Regiment ... ... 72 

East Yorkshire Regiment ... ... 56 

Empress of India's Lancers (21st) ... 32 

Engineers, Royal ... ... ... 36 

Essex Regiment ... ... ... 84 

Field Artillery, Royal 34 

Flying Corps, Royal 1 

Fusiliers, Dublin, Royal 109 

I nnis killing, Royal ... 68 

Irish, Royal 104 

Lancashire ... ... 61 

Munster, Royal 108 

Northumberland 46 

Royal 48 

Scots, Royal 62 

Welsh, Royal 64 

Garrison Artillery, Royal ... ... 35 

Gloucestershire Regiment ... ... 69 

Gordon Highlander* ... ... 101 

Grenadier Guards ... ... ... 37 

Guards, Foot 37 




Guards, Horse, Royal 4 

.. Life 2.3 

Hampshire Regiment ... ... 77 

Highland Light Infantry 99 

Highlanders, Argyll and Sutherland 106 

Cameron ... ... 102 

Gordon ... ... 101 

Royal 82 

Seaforth 100 

Horse Artillery, Royal 33 

Horse Guards, Royal ... ... 4 

Hussars, 3rd (King's Own) ... 14 

4th (Queen's Own) ... 15 

7th (Queen's Own) ... 18 

8th (King's Royal Irish) ... 19 

10th (Prince of Wales'* 

Own Royal) 21 

1 1 th (Prince Albert's Own) 22 

13th 24 

14th (King's) 25 

15th (The King's) ... 26 

18th (Queen Mary's Own) 29 
19th (Queen Alexandra's 

Own Royal) 30 

20th 31 

Inniskilling Dragoons (6th) ... ... 17 

Fusiliers, Royal ... 68 

Irish Dragoon Guards, Royal (4th!... 8 

Fusiliers, Royal 104 

Guards 40 

Hussars, King's Royal (8th) ... 19 

Lancers, Royal (5th) 16 

Regiment, Royal 59 

Rifles, Royal 103 

Kent, East, Regiment 44 

West, Regiment, Royal ... 89 

King's Dragoon Guards (1st) ... 5 

Hussars (14th) 25 

Hussars (1 5th) 26 

Liverpool Regiment 49 

Own Hussars (3rd) 14 

Own (Royal Lancaster Regi- 
ment) 45 

Own Scottish Borderers ... 66 

, Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry) 90 


King's Royal Irish Hussars (8th) ... 19 

Royal Rifle Corps 93 

(Shropshire Light Infantry) ... 91 

Lancashire, East, Regiment ... 71 

Fusiliers ... ... 61 

North, Regiment, Loyal 86 

South, Regiment ... 80 

Lancaster Regiment, Royal ... 45 

York and, Regiment ... 97 

Lancers, 5th (Royal Irish) 16 

9th (Queen's Royal) ... 20 
12th (Prince of Wales's 

Royal) 23 

16th (The Queen's) ... 27 
1 7th (Duke of Cambridge's 

Own) f ... 28 

,, 21st (Empress of India's)... 32 

Leicestershire Regiment ... ... 58 

Leinster Regiment ... ... ... 107 

Life Guards... ... ... ... 2, 3 

Lincolnshire Regiment ... ... 51 

Liverpool Regiment ... ... 49 

London, City of. Regiment... ... 48 

Manchester Regiment ... ... 95 

Marines, Royal 117 

Middlesex Regiment 92 

Military Police, Carps of 116 

Munster Fusiliers, Royal ... ... 108 

Norfolk Regiment 

North Lancashire Regiment, Loyal... 86 

,, Staffordshire Regiment ... 96 

Northamptonshire Regiment ... 87 

Northumberland Fusiliers ... ... 46 

Notts. & Derby Regiment 85 

Orders and Decorations worn in 

British Army 118 

Ordnance Corps, Army ... ... 1 1 4 

Oxfordshire & Bucks. Light Infantry 83 

Pay Corps, Army ... 1 1 5 

Police, Military, Corps of 116 

Prince Albert's Own Hussars (1 1th) 22 

(Somerset Light Infantry) 54 

Consort's Own (Rifle Brigade) 110 

Prince of Wales's Dragoon Guards, 3rd 

.. Leinster Regiment 107 


Prince of Wales 't North Staffordshire 

Regiment ... 96 
Own Royal Hus- 
sars (I Oth) ... 21 
Own (Weil York- 

shire Regiment) 55 

Royal Lancers (12th) 23 
Volunteers (South 

Lancashire Regt). 80 
Princess Charlotte of Wales's Dragoon 

Guards (5th) ... ... ... 9 

Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal 

Berkshire Regiment) 88 

Princess Louise's (Argyll & Suther- 
land Highlanders) ... 106 
Royal's Dragoon Guards (7th) 1 1 
Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusi- 
liers) > 104 

Queen Alexandra's Own Royal Hu- 

sars(19th) 30 

Mary's Own Hussart (18th) 29 

Queen's Bays (2nd Dragoon Guards) 6 

Lancers (16th) 27 

,. Own Cameron Highlanders 102 

Hussars (4th) ... 15 

,, (7th) ... 18 
(Royal West Kent 

Regiment) ... 89 
Royal Lancers (9th) ... 20 
(Royal West Surrey Regi- 
ment) 43 

Rifle Brigade 110 

Corps, King's Royal .. ... 93 

Scots Fusiliers, Royal .. ... 62 

Greys, Royal... .. ... 13 


Scots Guards 39 

Royal 42 

Scottish Borderers, King's Own ... 66 

Rifles (The Cameronians)... 67 

Seaforth Highlanders 100 

Sherwood Foresters (Notts. & Derby 

Regiment) 85 

Shropshire Light Infantry ... ... 91 

Somerset Light Infantry ... ... 54 

South Lancashire Regiment ... 80 

,, Staffordshire Regiment ... 78 

Wales Borderers ... ... 65 

Staffordshire, North, Regiment ... 96 

,, South, Regiment ... 78 

Suffolk Regiment 53 

Surrey, East, Regiment 72 

West, Regiment, Royal ... 43 

Sussex Regiment, Royal ... ... 76 

Veterinary Corps, Army 113 

Wales, South, Borderers ... ... 65 

Warwickshire Regiment, Royal ... 47 

Welsh Fusiliers, Royal ... ... 64 

Guards 41 

Regiment ... ... ... 81 

West Kent Regiment, Royal ... 89 

West Riding Regiment ... ... 74 

Surrey Regiment, Royal ... 43 

West Yorkshire Regiment 55 

Wiltshire Regiment 94 

Worcestershire Regiment ... ... 70 

York and Lancaster Regiment ... 97 

Yorkshire, East, Regiment 56 

Light Infantry 90 

Regiment ... ... 60 

West, Regiment 55 



H.M. King George V. Frontispiece 

Royal Escort of Life Guards at St. James's Palace Facing Page xxiv. 

Types of Royal Flying Corps Aeroplanes ... ... ... 1 

The Standard and Uniforms of the 3rd Dragoon Guards ... 4 

The Drum Horse of the 7th Dragoon Guards 5 

Grenadier Guards Sergeant Diummer in State Dress ... 12 

Sergeant Ewart capturing the Eagle at Waterloo 13 

The Coldstreamers first meeting with th Monarch ... ... 16 

Scots Guards Piper in State Dress ... ... 17 

Irish Guards Officer of the Guard 20 

Welsh Guards Ceremonial Duty ... ... 21 

Charging with the Light Brigade at Balaclava 28 

Royal Engineers at Pontooning Work ... 29 

Royal Field Artillery in Review Order ... 32 

The Heroic Stand of "L" Battery, R.H.A., at Nery ... 33 

The Royal Fusiliers marching through the City of London... 48 

Presentation of Colours ... ... ... ... 49 

Colonel Ridge leading the stormers at Badajoz 52 

Types of old Infantry Uniforms ... ... 53 

Drums and Silver Mounted Drum-Major's Staff captured by 

2nd Battalion Border Regiment ... ... ... ... 60 

The Lancashire Fusiliers Returning from a Review ... 61 

L'entente cordiale ... ... ... ... ... ... 64 

Types of Uniforms worn by the Worcestershire Regiment ... 65 

Types of Uniforms worn by the Border Regiment ... ... 80 

The Colours of the Border Regiment ... ... ... 80 

British Infantry storming a village in modern warfare ... ... 81 

The Middlesex Regiment Drums and Fifes... ... ... 84 

A Review The March Past 85 

The Glorious Gallantry of the Middlesex Regiment at Albuhera 92 
The Manchester Regiment Commanding Officer, Adjutant 

and Sergeant-Major ... ... ... ... ... 93 

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Officers in Review Order 100 

Gordon Highlanders Officers in Review Order ... ... 101 

The Army Service Corps A Field Bakery ... ... ... 108 

Royal Dublin Fusiliers Officers with Colours... ... ... 109 





Title Abbreviated 


Title Abbreviated 

^ 1st Foot 

R. Scots 

33rd Foot ... 

1st Bn. W. Rid. R. v 


R. W. Surrey R. 

34th ... 

1st Bn. Bord. R. ^ 

v 3rd .. 

E. Kent R. 


1st Bn. R. Suss. R. V 


R. Lane. R. 


2nd Bn. Wore. R. v 


Northd. Fus. 


1st Bn. Hants. R. W 

v 6th 

R. War. R. 


1st Bn. S. Staff. R. 

v 7th 

R. Fus. 


1st Bn. Dorset R. ^ 

V 8th 

L'pool R. 


1st Bn. S. Lan. R. ^T^U 

V 9th 

Norf. R. 

41st ... 

1st Bn. Welsh R. 

v I Oth 

Line. R. 


1st Bn. R. Highrs. \S 


Devon R. 

43rd ., ... 

IstBn. Oxf. & Bucks L.I. *" 

v 12th 

Suff. R. 


1st Bn. Essex R. 


Som. L. I. 

45th ... 

1st Bn. Notts. & Derby R. ^ 

v 14th 

W. York R. 

46th ... 

2nd Bn. D. of Corn. L. I. '-"" 


E. York R. 


1st Bn. N. Lane. R. v 

v I6th 

Bedf. Reg. 


1st Bn. North'n R. ^' 

V 17th 

Leic. R. 


1st Bn. R. Berks R. ' 


R. Ir. Regt. 


IstBn. R.W.Kent R. 

v 19th 

York R. 


1st Bn. Yorks L. I. 

v 20th ,. 

Lane. Fus. 


2nd Bn. Oxf. & Bucks L. I. 

V 21st 

R. Sc. Fus. 

53rd ... 

1st Bn. Shrops. L. I. v- 

'22nd ., 

Ches. R. 

54th ... 

2nd Bn. Dorset R. *- 

v23rd ., 

R. W. Fus. 


2nd Bn. Bord. R. 


S. Wales Bord. 


2nd Bn. Essex R. v \ 


K. O. S. B. 


1st Bn. Midd'x R. ^ 

v 26th ., 

1st Bn. Sco. Rif. 


2nd Bn. North'n. R. 

V 27th 

1st Bn. R. Innis. Fus. 


2nd Bn. E. Lane. R. ^" 

u- 28th 

1st Bn. Glouc. R. 


K. R. R. C. ^ 


1st Bn. Wore. R. 


2nd Bn. Glouc. R. ^ 


1st Bn. E. Lane. R. 

62nd ... 

1st Bn. Wilts. R. ^ 


1st Bn. E. Surr. R. 


1st Bn. Manch. R. ^ r 

V 32nd 

IstBn. D. of Corn. L.I. 

64th ... 

IstBn. N. Staff. R. ^ 

FORMER TITLES continued 



Title Abbreviated 


Tide Abbreviated 

^ 65th Foot 

1st Bn. Y. and L. R. 

88th Foot... 

1st Bn. Conn. Rang. 

v 66th 

2nd Bn. R. Berks R. 


2nd Bn. R. Ir. Fus. */ 

* 67th 

2nd Bn. Hants R. 


2nd Bn. Sco. Rif. \S 

I/ 68th ., 

1st Bn. Durh. L.I. 


1 st BB. A. and S. Highrs. i- 

- *s 69th 

2nd Bn. Welsh R. 


2nd Bn. Gord. Highrs. ^ 

^ 70th 

2nd Bn. E. Surr R. 

93rd ... 2nd Bn. A. and S. Highrs. V^'.l 

u- 7l s t 

1st Bn. High. L. I. 


2nd Bn. Conn. Rang. 


1st Bn. Sea. Highrs. 


2nd Bn. Notts & Derby R. 

V 73rd 

2nd Bn. R. Highrs. 


2nd Bn. Manch. R. -" 


2nd Bn. High. L. I. 


2nd Bn. R. W. Kent R. * 

v 75th 

1st Bn. Gord. Highrs. 


2nd Bn. N. Staff. R. *-" 

- v 76th 

2nd Bn. W. Rid. R. 


2nd Bn. Wilts. R. V- 

v 77th 

2nd Bn. Midd'x R. 


1st Bn. Leins. R. ^' 

v 78th 

2nd Bn. Sea. Highrs. 


1st Bn. R. Muns. Fus. 

V 79th 

1st Bn. Cam. Highrs. 

102nd ... 

1st Bn. R. Dub. Fus. 


2nd Bn. S. Staff. R. 


2nd Bn. R. Dub. Fus. 

V 81st 

2nd Bn. N. Lan. R. 


2nd Bn. R. Muns. Fus. v 

* 82nd 

2nd Bn. S. Lan. R. 


2nd Bn. Yorks L. I. 

' V 83rd ,. 

1st Bn. R. Ir. Rif. 


2nd Bn. Durh. L. I. 

84th ,. 

2nd Bn. Y. and L. R. 


2nd Bn. R. Suss. R. 

85th .. 

2nd Bn. Shrops. L. I. 

108th ... 

2nd Bn. R. Innis. Fus. 

>x 86th .. 

2nd Bn. R. If. Rif. 


2nd Bn. Leins. R. 


1st Bn. R. Ir. Fus. 

Rifle Brigade 

Rif. Brig. "^ 


THE sudden expansion of the British Army to a strength 
undreamed of prior to August, 1914, brought in its 
train an ever-increasing desire on the part of the 
public for a better knowledge of the Army and of its glorious 
traditions, a subject that had previously attracted little or no 
attention outside military circles. Even among an average 
body of soldiers there is curiously enough a lack of know- 
ledge of military history outside that closely associated with 
their own regiment. Yet the history of the British Army 
is unequalled by any other in the world for splendid 
achievement, while the regimental histories and traditions 
teem with instances of devotion to duty, gallantry in the face 
of overwhelming odds, and self-sacrifice of the most glorious 
nature. These traditions are highly treasured in the regiments, 
and their preservation hai tended to build up and sustain in 
each unit that splendid esprit Je corps which has animated all 
ranks, and made almost the impossible possible to our gallant 
soldiers in the presence of hardships and danger, and has led 
them to face death with a courage and heroism unsurpassed 
in the history of the world. 

The traditions of the British Army stretch back over four 
centuries, during which it has been the acknowledged 
means of winning and building up the greatest Empire the 
world has ever known. The Army's deeds are a sealed book 
so far as the general public are concerned, for military matters 
except in times of actual war have never been a popular 
subject, the great heroes of the battlefield being far less known 
to the British public than popular performers on the football 
field or pampered professional boxers. 



The history of the British Army is full of romance and 
interest and many curious customs, incidents and observances 
are associated with most of the regiments. Each regiment 
has peculiarities of custom which it has made its own by 
long use, besides winning unofficial titles and nicknames 
commemorative of some deed of daring or peculiarity of dress 
or tradition. The following pages deal with these, and if in 
perusing them the reader is encouraged to learn more of the 
glorious history and traditions of the British Army, which 
he will do with increasing satisfaction and interest, the author 
will feel amply rewarded. 

Although outwardly all regiments or battalions of one branch 
of the service are alike to the ordinary observer, there are, 
however, many little differences distinguishing them. These 
little differences are for the most part the sole remaining links 
with those gallant regiments of the past from which they have 
descended, and whose glorious achievements are a subject of 
great pride to all ranks. For instance, in the Royal Artillery 
there may be no difference to be detected between the 
various batteries or companies, yet each has traditions and 
subtle differences highly prized, as for instance the Chestnut 
Troop, the Rocket Troop, and the Battleaxe Company, all 
reminiscent of glorious incidents in their history. 


The Household Cavalry are now the only British Cavalry 
still wearing the polished steel cuirass. Yet each of the 
regiments has little differences apparent only to the close 
observer. Thus, the 1 st Life Guards wear a red cord as their 
shoulder belts and black sheep-skins on their saddles, the 2nd 
Life Guards wearing a blue cord and white sheep-skins. The 
seven regiments of Dragoon Guards differ somewhat from 
each other in point of uniform. They, with the Royal 
Engineers, are the only regiments in the army to wear velvet 


facings. Their helmets are of brass, the helmets of the 
Household Cavalry and Dragoons being of white metal. 
The three regiments of Dragoons are representative of 
England, Scotland and Ireland, being the 1st Royal 
Dragoons, Royal Scots Greys and Inniskilling Dragoons, the 
Greys being distinctive by reason of the colour of their horses 
and their bearskin head-dress. 

Each of the twelve regiments of Hussars, introduced into 
the service in 1806 as Light Dragoons, has also certain 
distinctions of dress, as also have the six regiments of 
Lancers, the best known of which is perhaps the 
17th Lancers on account of its grim crest, a skull with 
crossbones, which, with its motto " Or Glory " has led to its 
popular name of "The Death or Glory Boys." It is an 
interesting fact that the 17th Lancers in 1795 provided a 
detachment for service on H.M.S. " Hermione " as Marines, 
and were promptly nicknamed " The Horse Marines." 
Lancer regiments were introduced into the British Army 
in 1816. 

Each regiment of Dragoon Guards carries a standard on 
ceremonial occasions, and Dragoon regiments carry a guidon 
(a swallow-tailed standard). Hussar and Lancer regiments 
do not carry standards, bearing their battle honours on their 


The regiments of Foot Guards, known as the Brigade 
of Guards, have many privileges and duties reserved to them 
alone. They claim the privilege of guarding the Royal 
Palaces and form part of the Household Troops of the 
Sovereign. The First Company of the 1st Battalion 
Grenadier Guards is known as the King's Company and is 
comprised of picked men of particularly fine physique, none 
under 6 feet in height being admitted to it. This company 
has the right to carry on parade on state and ceremonial 
occasions a colour of crimson silk, the gift of the Sovereign, 


being the only company in the Army so privileged. The 
First Company of the Welsh Guards, formed in 1915, is 
known as The Prince of Wales's Company, and is also 
composed of picked men. The Scots Guards is the only 
regular Scottish regiment to have drum and fife bands. 
The Quartermasters of the Brigade of Guards wear cocked 
hats with plumes, the Grenadier and Scots Guards, white ; 
the Coldstream Guards, red ; and the Irish Guard;, blue. 
The sergeant-majors of the Foot Guards wear an elaborate 
Royal Coat of Arms on their right sleeves above the elbow. 

No chevrons or badges are worn by staff-sergeant* of the 
Foot Guards in undress uniform. 

The Royal or King's Colour in regiments of Foot Guards is 
of crimson silk, and bears the distinctions conferred by Royal 
authority. The regimental colour of Foot Guards is the 
Union Jack, and battle honours are borne on both colours. 
The King's Colour of the Infantry of the Line is the Union 
Jack, with the regimental badge superimposed, but the 
regimental colour is distinctive in each regiment and the 
battle honours are borne on these alone. 


Regarding pipers it is a curious fact that the Regulations 
provide for an issue of fifes to Scottish regiments but not 
bagpipes, which have to be provided regimentally, although 
with the exception of the Scots Guards, the fifes are 
never drawn from stores. In the Royal Scots, Royal Scots 
Fusiliers, King's Own Scottish Borderers and Scottish Rifles, 
pipers are officially borne on the strength, but no clothing 
allowed for them, which has to be provided regimentally. 
The sergeant-pipers of the Scots Guards alone wear a crown 
and silver chevrons on their doublet sleeves, all other 
sergeant-pipers wearing gold chevrons without a crown. 

There are many interesting peculiarities connected with 
uniforms or accoutrements. The Kilmarnock bonnets worn 


by the Royal Scots and King's Own Scottish Borderers, 
which were designed and issued for wear after the South 
African War, are quite distinctive, as also are the chacos of 
the Scottish Rifles and Highland Light Infantry, the former 
having a plume in front and the latter a ball. The 
Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment is the only regiment 
in the Army wearing a sacred emblem as a badge, while the 
Buffs (East Kent Regiment) claim to have a far more 
ancient lineage than any other English regiment. 


The King's Own Royal Lancaster Rgiment wears the 
Lion of England for a badge, and it is interesting to note 
that many other regiments go to the animal kingdom for 
their crests, the Royal Warwickshire Regiment wearing an 
antelope as a badge ; the King's Liverpool Regiment, West 
Yorkshire Regiment and Royal West Kent Regiment, a 
horse; the Buffs, the Scottish Rifles, Royal Berkshire 
Regiment, North Staffordshire Regiment and York and 
Lancaster Regiment, a dragon ; the Gordon Highlanders, 
Royal Munster Fusiliers, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, Leicester- 
shire Regiment and Hampshire Regiment, a tiger ; the West 
Riding Regiment, Connaught Rangers, Seaforth Highlanders, 
and the Highland Light Infantry, an elephant ; the Royal 
Irish Fusiliers, an eagle ; the Argyll and Sutherland 
Highlanders, a cat ; and the Bedfordshire Regiment, a stag. 


The Light Infantry regiments wear a bugle or French horn 
as part of their badge, and together with Rifle regiments 
march with a much quicker step than do other infantry 
regiments. The regulation pace is 120 to the minute, but 
Rifle and Light Infantry regiments step much quicker, 140 
to 160, except when marching with other troops, then their 
pace is that laid down for the army generally. They have 
bugle bands instead of drum and fife bands. 


The Northumberland Fusilien are the only regiment to 
celebrate St. George's Day, and are looked upon as the 
representative English infantry regiment in the British Army 
and their crest of St. George and the Dragon is unique. 

All Fusilier regiments wear sealskin fusilier caps with 
distinctive plumes, and a grenade as a badge. The Royal 
Fusiliers is best known as the City of London Regiment, and 
has some peculiar privileges in consequence, one of these 
being the right to march through the City of London with 
fixed bayonets, colours flying, and drums beating, without 
first obtaining the permission of the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen. This privilege is shared by the Buffs, the 
Grenadier Guards and Royal Marines only. 

The Norfolk Regiment has a curious crest, being the 
figure of Britannia as it used to appear on the copper coinage, 
and is the only regiment not having a Royal title, of which 
His Majesty is Colonel-in-Chief. The Lincolnshire Regiment 
was for some years after being raised the only British regiment 
of infantry to wear blue coats. 


The Suffolk Regiment was one of the six regiments of 
British infantry that performed the remarkable feat of charging 
and utterly destroying a column of French cavalry, superior 
in numbers to themselves. This was at Minden, the other 
five regiments being the Lancashire Fusiliers, Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers, King's Own Scottish Borderers, Hampshire 
Regiment and the Yorkshire Light Infantry. The regiments 
passed to the battlefield through gardens of roses in full bloom, 
and the soldiers picked the blossoms and fixed them in their 
hats, and in commemoration of their victory they enjoy the 
right of wearing roses in their head-dress on the anniversary 
of the battle. 

The Prince Albert's Somerset Light Infantry has two 
peculiar distinctions, one being that it is the only regi- 
ment without a Royal title to wear blue for its facings, 


and the other being that the sergeants enjoy the right of 
wearing their sashes over the left shoulder the same as the 
officers, in commemoration of their devoted gallantry at the 
battle of Culloden, when the casualties among the officers 
were so numerous that the sergeants were left in command. 
The Cheshire Regiment also enjoys a peculiar privilege, 
that of wearing oak leaves in its head-dress and as a wreath 
on its colour staves on all Royal ceremonial parades, in 
commemoration of its rally round its Sovereign who took 
shelter at a critical moment beneath an oak tree during 
the battle of Dettingen. 


Among the peculiarities of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers is 
that of wearing a bunch of black ribbons fastened to the 
back of the collar. This is a survival of the patch of black 
leather which in former days was worn by all soldiers on 
the back to prevent the grease from the powdered pigtails 
from soiling the tunics. The regiment also enjoys the 
privilege, common to all Welsh regiments, of being led on 
parade by a goat, these animals being generally gifts from the 

The South Wales Borderers have a highly-prized 
distinction, that of bearing a silver wreath of immortelles 
fastened to their King's colour, in commemoration of the 
devoted bravery of the regiment in the Zulu War. 

All the Welsh regiments carry on their colours, or as 
badges, the device of the Plume of the Prince of Wales, the 
Rising Sun, and the Red Dragon of Cadwaladr. 

The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers were for many years the 
only regiment in the British Army using the old Irish war 
pipes, but now other Irish regiments have adopted the custom 
and possess full pipe bands. The Irish war pipe has but two 
drones, as distinctive from the Scottish bagpipes which 
have three. 



The Gloucestershire Regiment has a unique distinction, 
that of wearing a miniature replica of its badge at the 
back of its head-dress, bestowed for its gallantry at the battle 
of Alexandria, when being suddenly attacked front and 
rear simultaneously, the rear ranks of the regiment turned 
about and beat the enemy off. 

The Worcestershire Regiment has as its motto the word 
" Firm," bestowed for steadiness in the face of the foe, and 
naturally highly prized. 

The Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment enjoys 
two peculiar distinctions, the first that of being the only 
regiment in the British Army bearing the name of anyone 
except a Royal personage as part of its title, and also of 
being the only regiment to wear scarlet facings to its red 


The Border Regiment alone among the regiments of the 
Army bears the battle honour of " Arroyo dos Molinos," 
although a number of regiments took part in that great battle. 

The Welsh Regiment, like the Welsh Guards, has a 
motto in the Welsh language. The former served with 
distinction as marines on board the fleet under Lord Nelson. 

The Black Watch wears a red hackle or feather in its 
bonnets, a distinction won on the battlefield, and its pipers 
are the only ones in the army wearing feather bonnets instead 
of glengarry caps. 


The King's Royal Rifle Corps and the Rifle Brigade are 
known as the Greenjackets, from the colour of their full dress 
uniform, and like all Rifle regiments wear fur busbies. 
They do not carry colours, their battle honours being emblazoned 


on their appointment!. They do not carry their rifles at the 
slope but at the trail. There are two other Rifle regiments 
in the British Army, these being the Scottish Rifles (The 
Cameronians) and the Royal Irish Rifles. 


The Highland Light Infantry and Seaforth Highlanders 
enjoy the privilege of carrying a third colour on parade, this 
having been presented to them to commemorate their bravery 
at the battle of Assaye, and being emblazoned with an elephant 
is known as the Assaye or Elephant Colour. The Seaforth 
is the only regiment to have a Gaelic motto. 

The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders have a larger 
proportion of Gaelic-speaking soldiers in their ranks than any 
other, most of them hailing from the most northern part of 
the Highlands. 


Before the great war on the Continent the King's Royal 
Rifle Corps were credited with the highest number of battle 
honours, viz., 40, the Gloucester Regiment being second with 
34, then in order the Rifle Brigade 33, Highland Light 
Infantry 32, Black Watch and Gordon Highlanders 3 1 each, 
Royal Welsh Fusiliers, Royal Scots, South Staffordshire 
Regiment and South Lancashire Regiment 29 each, Oxford- 
shire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry 27, Sherwood 
Foresters, Seaforth Highlanders, Royal Munster Fusiliers, 
Northamptonshire Regiment and Royal Dublin Fusiliers 
25 each, and The Buffs, East Surrey Regiment and 
Grenadier Guards 24 each. The 16th Lancers have the 
highest number of honours amongst the Cavalry regiments, 
viz., 1 8, the 9th Lancers having 1 6, and the 1 4th Hussars 1 5. 

Many other matters of interest attaching to each regiment 
will be found in the following pages. 

Royal Escort of Lite Guards at St. James's Palace. 

Types o! Royal Flying Corps Aeroplanes and Anti-Aircraft Gun 

(Record Office, Aldershot) 
Uniform, Blue. Facings, Scarlet. 

Service Uniform, Khaki fold-over jacket, breeches, and putties 

with turndown cap. 
Motto : Pr ArJua ad Aitra (Through difficulties to th Stars) 

Qualified Pilot': Badge worn on left breast 


THE great European war brought out in startling 
fashion the remarkable efficiency of the military 
aerial service, which is embodied in the Naval 
and Military Wings of the Royal Flying Corps. The 
Naval Wing is concerned chiefly with airships, while 
the Military Wing is devoted to work with aeroplanes 
and man-carrying kites. The Corps has its foundation 
in the old Balloon Company of the Royal Engineers, 
which in 1911 was absorbed into the Air Battalion 
Royal Engineers, when the aerial service of the army 
was placed on a sound basis. The headquarters were 
placed at Aldershot. On April 1 3th, 1913, the Royal 
Flying Corps was organised and developed in remark- 
able manner in methods, material, and men. When 
war was declared against Germany in 1914 the 
members of the Corps quickly achieved fame by 
their efficiency and daring, many decorations being 
won, notably the V.C. by Lieut. Warneford, who 
was killed soon after in an accident near Paris. 
Nicknames: "The Hawks," "The Sky Pilots." 

"Dettingen," "Peninsula," "Waterloo," " Tel-el- Kebir," 
" Egypt, 1882," " Relief of Kimberley," " Paardeberg," 

" South Africa. 1899-1900." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Cloak, Scarlet. 

Head-dress. White metal helmet with white plume ; band 

and trumpeters, scarlet plume. 

Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

On State occasion* the band and trumpeters wear a special 

tunic of crimson heavily braided with gold. 
A crimson cord it worn in the centre of the shoulder belt. 
Two scarlet stripes arc worn down the side seams of the overalls. 
The Regiment carries three Squadron Standards in addition to 
the King's Standard. The Silver Kettle- Drums used in the 
Regiment were presented by King William IV in 1831. 


IN 1660, Charles II. before leaving Holland, 
formed into a troop a body of cavalier gentlemen 

who had rallied round him there, which he 
placed under the command of Lord Gerard. It 
was thus the Life Guards originated. The corps 
was styled "His Majesty's Own Troop of Guards." 

The Life Guards were nicknamed " Cheeses," 
from the old gentlemen of the corps declining to 
serve in it as remodelled in 1 788, saying " that it 
was no longer composed of gentlemen but of cheese- 
mongers." Also known as "The Tin Bellies." 

NOTE "A." In full dress N.C.O's of the Household 
Cavalry do not wear chevrons but aiguillettes. The titles 
of the ranks also differ from other regiments Corporal-Major 
(Sergeant.-Major), Quartermaster-Corporal-Major (Quarter- 
master - Sergeant), Squadron - Corporal - Major (Squadron- 
Sergeant-Major), Corporal of Horse (Sergeant), Corporal 

(Corporal), Trooper (Private). The Farrier- Corporals carry 
polished pole axes on ceremonial 
plumes and blue tunics. 

parades, and wear black 

" Paardeberg," 

'Dettingen," "Peninsula." "Waterloo," 
"Egypt, 1882," "Relief of Kimberley," 
" South Africa, 1899-1900." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Cloak. Scarlet. 
Head-dress, White metal helmet with white plume ; band and 

trumpeters, scarlet plume. 

Cat, Blue, with scarlet band. 

On State occasion! the band and trumptters wear a special 

tunic of crimson heavily braided with gold. 

A blue cord is worn in the centre of the shoulder belt. 

Two scarlet stripes are worn down the side seams of the overalls. 

The Regiment carries three Squadron Standards in addition to 

the King's Standard. 

The Silver Kettle- Drums used in the Regiment were presented 
by King William IV, in 1831. 


THIS Corps formed by Charles II was styled in 
1660 "The Duke of Albemarle's Troop of 
Guards," in 1670 "The Queen's Troop of 
Life Guards," and not till 1 788 the 2nd Life Guards. 
Life Guards were at one time known as " Cheeses," 
from the old gentlemen of the corps declining to 
serve in it as remodelled in 1 788, saying " that it 
was no longer^ composed of gentlemen but of 
cheesemongers." The name fell into desuetude, but 
was revived at the battle of Waterloo, when the 
officer in command shouted "Come on, Cheese- 
mongers, charge ! " Also known as " The Tin 



" Dettingen," " Warburg," " Beaumont," " Willems," 
"Peninsula," "Waterloo." " Tel-el-Kebir." " Egypt, 1 882," 
" Relief of Kimberley," " Paardeberq," " South Africa, 1899- 


Uniform, Blue. Facings, Scarlet. Cloak, Blue. 
Head-drew, White metal helmet with red plume. 

On State occasions the band and trumpeters wear a special 

tunic of crimson heavily braided with gold. 
A crimson cord is worn in ihe centre of the shoulder belt. 
A broad scarlet stripe is worn down the sides of the overalls. 
In addition to the four Standards carried by the Household 
Cavalry, the Royal Horse Guards have a crimson silk Standard 

presented by King William IV. 
The Silver Kettle Drums were piesented by King George III. 

(The Blues) 

THE Royal Horse Guards is the only cavalry 
regiment now in existence that formed part 
of the Parliamentary Army during the reign 
of Charles I. In the autumn of 1660, after the 
Restoration, its disbandment was ordered but not 
carried out, and King Charles " gave orders for 
raising a regiment of horse of eight troops, of which 
the Earl of Oxforde was to be Collonel, and also of 
a troop of horse guards." This was done under 
a Royal Warrant of 26th of January, 1661. In 
1690 the regiment was called "The Oxford Blues" 
to distinguish it from the Earl of Portland's (Dutch) 
" Horse Guards." During the campaign in Flanders 
(1742-1745) it was known as " The Blue Guards," 
and is now popularly called " The Blues." 

See Note "A," 1st Life Guards. 

The Drum Horse ol the 7th Dragoon Guards Raview Order 

(Depot, Dunbar.) 
On Standa/d, The Royal Cypher within the Garter. 

' Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquel," 

" Dettingen," " Warburg," " Beaumont," " Waterloo," 

" Sevastopol," " Taku Forts," " Pekin, 1 860," " South Africa, 

1879, 1901-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Brass helmet with red plume ; band, white plume. 

Forage cap, Blue, with blue band. 
Linked Regiment, 5th Dragoon Guards. 

The Sergeants are entitled to wear the Regimental badge on 
their chevrons. 

1st (King's) DRAGOON GUARDS 

THE 1st Dragoon Guard* were ityled "The 
Queen's Regiment of Horse " when first 
raised in 1685 on the accession of James 
II. When in Flanders with Marlborough, the 
regiment wore cuirasses, and had brigut yellow 
facings. In 1714, in recognition of its brilliant 
services, the title was changed to " The King's 
Regiment of Horse," and in 1746 to "The 1st 
(or King's) Regiment of Dragoon Guards." A 
detachment of the regiment captured the Zulu 
King Cetewayo after his defeat at the battle of 
Ulundi. The battlefields of Flanders figure in the 
regiment's history no less than four times, viz. : In 
1 695 under King William at the siege of Namur ; 
in 1704-9 under Marlborough at Schellenberg, 
Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, and Malplaquet ; 
in 1 759 when it fought at Minden and elsewhere ; 
and in the Great War, 1914. 

Nicknames : "The K.D.G.'i," also " The Trades 

CDepo/, Newport, Mon.) 

On Standard, the Cypher of Queen Caroline 
within the Garter. 

Warburg," " Willems," " Lucknow," " South Africa, 

Motto : " Pro Rege cl Pairia" (For King and for Country). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Buff. 

Head-dress, Brass helmets with black plume ; band, white 

Forage cap. Blue with buff band. 
Linked Regiment, 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants : " Bays " within a laurel 
wreath surmounted by a crown. 

(Queen's Bays) 

THE 2nd Dragoon Guards was raided in 1685, 
and in 1687 called " The 3rd Horse," then 
" The Princess of Wales's Own Royal 
Regiment of Horse," in 1 727 " The Queen's Own 
Royal Regiment of Horse," in 1 746 " The 2nd 
Queen's Bays, or 2nd Regiment of Dragoon 
Guards," and in 1 767 its present title of " Queen's 
Bays," from the circumstances of the corps being 
entirely mounted on bay chargers, the other heavy 
regiments (except the Scots Greys) having black 
horses. The regiment was much distinguished 
for its gallantry at the battle of Almanza, and in 
Flanders under King William. 

Nicknames : At one time known as the "^ Rusty 
Buckles," and more popularly as " The Bays." 

(Depot, Newport, Mon.) 

On Standard, The Plume of the Prince of Wales. 

The Rising Sun in second corner, and the Red Dragon of 

Cadwaller in the third corner. 

' Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
" Warburg/'^ " Beaumont," " Willeras," " Talavera," 
"Albuhera," "Vittoria," "Peninsula," "Abyssinia," 

"South Africa, 1901-02." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Factnga, Yellow. 

HeaJ-Jress, Brass helmet with black and red plume ; band, 
red and white plume. 

Forage cap. Blue with yellow band. 

Linked Regiment, 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers). 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Prince of Wales's Plume. 

3rd (Prince of Wales's) DRAGOON 

THE 3rd Dragoon Guards, originally "Cuiras- 
siers," was raised in 1685, and after the 
battle of Sedgemoor its six troops were 
incorporated into a regiment called "The 4th 
Horse." In 1 746 it was named " The 3rd Regi- 
ment of Dragoon Guards," and in 1 765 " The 
Prince of Wales's Regiment of Dragoon Guards." 
At Ramillies it captured the standard and kettle- 
drums of the Bavarian Guards. It was the only 
British Cavalry Regiment to take part in the 
Abyssinian campaign under Gen. Napier and formed 
part of the British column that made the memorable 
march on Magdala. 

Nicknamed the " Old Canaries," on account 
of its facings being yellow, or canary colour. 


(Depot, Newport, Mon.) 

On Standard, the Harp and Crown and the Star of the Order 

of St. Patrick. 

" Peninsula," " Balaklava," " Sevastopol," 
" Tel-el- Kebir," "Egypt, 1882." 

Motto : " Quit teftarabil ? " (Who will separate 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facing*, Blue. 

Head-dress, Brass helmet with white plume ; band, black plume. 

Forage cap. Blue, with blue band. 

Linked Regiment, 7th Dragoon Guards. 

Special arm badge for Sergeant*, Star of the Order of 

St. Patrick. 

4th (Royal Irish) DRAGOON GUARDS 

THE 4th Dragoon Guards raised in 1685, was 
originally known as " Arran's Cuirassiers," 
or the "6th Horse," and in 1788 "The 
Fourth Dragoon Guard*," and later on the words 
"Royal Irish" were added. Whilst on service 
in Ireland it obtained the name of the " Blue 
Horse," from its facings being of that colour. During 
the Crimean War the regiment took part in the 
famous charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava, 
a memorable feat which has hardly received the 
recognition it deserved. The regiment rode into the 
charge cheering madly and did terrible execution 
They are the only regiment of Dragoon Guards 
with an Irish title. 

Nicknames: "The Buttermilks" on account of their 
lengthened stay in Ireland, during which many of the 
men acquired farms ; and the " Mounted Micks." 


(Depot, Dunbar). 

On Standard, the Regimental device within a union wreath. 
" Blenheim," " Ramillits," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
' Beaumont," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Toulouse," 
" Peninsula," " Balaklava," " Sevastopol," " Defence of 

Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 
f^f Motto : " Vtstigia nulla retrorsum " (No going backward). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Dark Green. 

Head-dress, Brats helmet with red and white plume ; band, 

red plume. 

Forage cap, Blue, with dark green band. 

Linked Regiment, 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, White Horse of Hanover. 

At Salamanca it captured the staff of the drum-major of the 

French 66th Regiment. This is still carried on special parades 

by the trumpet-major. 

5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales'*) 

THK 5th Dragoon Guards was raised in 1685, 
and was then the " Seventh Horse." During 
Marlborough's campaigns it won fame on 
many fields, Led by General Cadogan in person 
they rode down the Bavarian Horse Grenadier 
Guards, and drove them through the French 
infantry in rear, capturing many standards. Its 
present full title, was given it in 1804, after 
the Irish rebellion of 1798. During this latter 
period it was familiarly known as the " Green 
Horse," from its facings, and the " Green Dragoon 
Guards." During the Crimean War the regiment 
took part at Balaklava in the famous charge of the 
Heavy Brigade, led by their Colonel, Yorke-Scarlett. 
Nicknames : " The Old Farmers " on account of 
their lengthened stay in Ireland, and the " Green 

(Depot, Newport, Mon.) 

" Blenheim,** " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 

"Warburg," "Willems," "Sevastopol." " Delhi, 1 857," 

" Afghanistan. 1 879-80," " Relief of Kimberley," 

" Paardeberg," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, White. 

Head-dress, Brass helmet with white plume ; band, red plume. 

Forage cap, Blue with white band. 

In 1851 the colour of the tunic was changed from scarlet to blue. 

Linked Regiment, 3rd (Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guard*. 

Allied Regiments, 1 st and 2nd Mounted Rifle* 
(Natal Carabineers of South Africa). 



THE 6th Dragoon Guards raised in 1685 as the 
" Queen Dowager's Regiment of Horse " and 
became the " Queen Dowager's Cuirassiers." 
William III gave the regiment its name of King's 
Carabiniers in 1691 as a title of honour in recognition 
of its distinguished services. The name is also 
derived from the fact that the men were armed with 
long pistols called " Carabines." Many regiments 
on the Continent at this time were called Carabiniers. 
Its present name was given it in 1 788. It greatly 
distinguished itself during Marlborough's campaigns, 
taking part in sieges and minor affairs without 
number. It was at Meerut on the outbreak of the 
Indian Mutiny and rendered the most valuable service 
throughout the campaign. The regiment has a very 
brilliant record of service. 

Nicknames: " Tichborne's Own," since the trial of 
Arthur Orton, Sir Roger Tichborne having served 
in the regiment ; and " The Carbs." 



(Depot, Newport, MOD.) 

On Standard, in the centre, the Coronet of Princess Royal. 

" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 

"Dettingen," "Warburg," "South Africa, 1846-7," 

" Tel-el-Kebir," " Egypt, 1 882," " South Africa, 1 900-02." 

Motto : Qjfo Fata Vocant (Where Fate calls). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Black. 

Head-dress, Brass helmet, with black and white plume ; band, 

white plume. 

Forage cap. Blue, with black band. 

Linked Regiment, 4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Ligonier's Crst. 

7th (Princess Royal's) DRAGOON 

THE 7th Dragoon Guards was raised in 1688 by 
the Earl of Devonshire, whose title it bore 
till 1 690, when from its Colonel's name it was 
called " Schomberg's Horse " ; in 1 742 " Ligonier's 
Horse," and then " The Black Horse," and became 
celebrated as a model for efficiency and discipline. 
In 1788 the present title, "The 7th (Princess 
Royal's) Dragoon Guards," was given to it at 
Dettingen. The 7th captured from the enemy a 
pair of kettledrums, which are now in the Officers' 
Mess. A Standard carried at the battle of Dettingen 
was presented by King George II to Cornet 
Richardson who bore it. He had received up- 
wards of thirty wounds, but he refused to surrender, 
and preserved the Standard which is still in the 
possession of his descendants. Nicknames : In the 
reign of George II, "The Virgin Mary's Body 
Guard," having been sent to assist the army of 
the Archduchess Mary Theresa of Austria, also 
" Strawboots," because the men wrapped straw 
round their legs in a wet campaign ; popularly known 
a. "The Black Horse." 

(Depot, Dunbar.) 

On Guidon, The Crest of England within the Gwter. 
"Tangier, 1662-80," " Dettingen," "Warburg," " Beaumonl," 
" Willems," " Fuentes d'Onor," " Peninsula," " Waterloo," 
" Balaklaya," " Sevastopol," " Relief of Ladysmith," " South 

Africa, 1899-1902." 
Motto : Spcctcmur Agenda (Let u b judged by our deeds). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facingi, Blue. 

HeaJ-Jr3, Whit* metal helmet with black plume ; band, 

white plume. 

Forage cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

Linked Regiment, 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys). 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, the Royal Crest. 

1st (Royal) DRAGOONS 

THE RoyaU originated in a troop of Cuirassiers 
formed in 1661, on the marriage of Charles 
II with the Infanta Catherine of Portugal, 
and which wa$ sent to garrison Tangier, whence 
they got the name of " Tangier Cuirassiers." In 
1684 it was styled "The Royal Regiment of 
Dragoons," and each troop was furnished with a 
crimson Standard with badges embroidered upon 
them of (1) The King, (2) The Black Prince, 
(3) Henry V, (4) Henry VI, (5) Henry VII 
(Queen Mary I), (6) Queen Elizabeth. Towards 
the close of the 1 7th Century it was known as the 
" English Horse." At the battle of Dettingen it 
captured the white Standard of the French Mous- 
quetaires Noirs. Its gallantry at the battle of 
Waterloo, where it formed part of the Union 
Brigade, is a matter of history. Nicknames : " The 
Birdcatchers," for the capture of a French Eagle at 
the battle of Waterloo, and " The Royals." 

Grenadier Guards. Sergeant-Drummer in State Dress. 

Sergeant Ewart capturing the Eagle at Waterloo. 

(Depot, Dunbar.) 
On Guidon, the Thistle within the Circle and Motto of the 

Order of the Thistle. 

" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," "Malplaquet/' 

" Dettingen." " Warburg," " Willems," " Waterloo," 

" Balaklava," " Sevastopol," " Relief of Kimberley." 

" Paardeberg," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 

Motto : Second to None. 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facing*, Blue. 

Head-dreu, Bearskin cap, with a ilver badge of a white hore 

at the back ; hackle or plume, white ; band, scarlet hackle. 

Forage cap, Blue, with white vandyked band. 

Linked Regiment, 1st Royal Dragoons. 
Special arm badge for Sergeants, an Eagle. 

2nd DRAGOONS (Royal Scots Greys). 

RAISED in 1678. In 1700 the corps^was known 
as "The Grey Dragoons," and "The Scots 
Regiment of White Horses." In 1707, 
" The Royal Regiment of North British Dragoons." 
In 1713, "The 2nd Dragoons." And in 1866, 
"The 2nd Royal North British Dragoons, Scots 
Greys." At Waterloo, the regiment with a shout 
of "Scotland for ever," charged the French 
infantry masses and almost annihilated them. In the 
charge the eagle of the 45th French Regiment was 
captured by Sergeant Ewart ; at Ramillies (1706) 
the Scots Greys captured the colours of the French 
"Regiment du Roi"and for this it was permitted 
to wear grenadier or bearskin caps. 

The men have the nicknames of " Bubbly Jocks," 
owing to their dress. " Bubbly Jock " being a Scottish 
name for a turkey cock ; " The Birdcatchers," in 
commemoration of the capture of an Eagle at 
Waterloo ; also " The Greys." 

(Depot, Bristol.) 

" Dettingen," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Toulouse," 

"Peninsula," "Cabool, 1842," " Moodkee," " Ferozeshah," 

"Sobraon," " Chillianwallah," "Goojeral," " Punjaub," 

" South Africa, 1902." 

Motto : Nee aspcra terrent (Nor do difficulties deter). 

Uniform, Blue. Collar. Scarlet. 

Head-dress, Busby with white plume and garter-blue busby bag. 
Hone-plume, White. Leopard skin saddlecloth. 

Forage cap, Red. 

Linked Regiment, 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, White Horse of Hanover. 

The regiment has an additional sergeant as kettle-drummer who, 

on ceremonial occasions, wears a silver collar which was presented 

by the wife of the Hon. Charles Fitzroy, afterwards Lord 

Southampton, on his being appointed colonel in 1772. 

3rd (King's Own) HUSSARS 

THE 3rd Hussars, raised in 1 685, was styled the 
"Queen Consort's Regiment of Dragoons." 
On the accession of George I it was called 
the " King's Own Dragoons." In 1861 the regiment 
became " Hussars." It was nicknamed " Lord 
Adam Gordon's Life Guards," from that officer 
detaining it for such a long period in Scotland when 
he commanded there, 

It was also known as " Eland's Dragoons." At 
Dettingen the regiment lost very heavily, and in the 
following year it was reviewed by the King, who 
remarked with some asperity on its attenuated 
appearance, and inquired whose regiment it was, and 
where were the rest of the men. " The regiment is 
mine, your Majesty," replied the gallant Col. Bland, 
" and I believe the rest are at Dettingen.* 

(Depot, Dublin.) 

" Dettingen," " Talavera," " Albuhera," " Salamanca," 

" Vittoria," " Toulouse," " Peninsula," " Ghuznee, 1 839," 

"Affghanistan. 1839," "Alma," " Balaklava," " Inkerman," 

" Sevastopol." 

Motto : Mente el Manu (With heart and hand). 

Uniform, Blue. 
HeaJ'dren, Busby with scarlet plume and yellow busby bag. 

Forage cap. Red. 

Hone plume, Scarlet. 

Linked Regiment, 8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars. 

4th (Queen's Own) HUSSARS 

ORIGINALLY raised in 1685 under the name of 
"The Princess Anne of Denmark's Regi- 
ment of Dragoons," became the 4th (Queen's 
Own) Hussars in 1861. As heavy cavalry the 
regiment fought in the Peninsular War, some 
brilliant exploits were performed. In 1818 the 
regiment became Light Dragoons, and the Regi- 
ment wore scarlet uniform with straw coloured 
facings, the uniform afterwards being changed back 
to light green. During the Crimean War it took 
part in the famous charge of the Light Brigade, 
under its Colonel, Lord George Paget, who led 
them with a cry of " Tally ho ! " as they charged 
the enemy's guns. When the regiment formed 
part of the " Army of the Indus " under Lord Keane 
it was nicknamed " Paget's Irregular Horse," in 
consequence of its loose drill, the result of long 
service in the field. 

" Blenheim," 
"Suakin, 1883," 

(Depot, Woolwich.) 

" Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet." 
" Defence of Ladysmith," " South Africa. 
! 899-1902. 

Motto : Qifit separabit ? (Who shall separate >) 
Uniform, Blue. Faclngt, Scarlet. 

Head-drtu, Lance cap of black leather with upper part and 
top of scarlet cloth. Green plume. 

Forage cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

Linked Regiment, 1 2th (Prince of Wales'* Royal) Lancer*. 
Special arm badge for Sergeants, Harp and Crown. 

5th (Royal Irish) LANCERS 

RAISED as the " Royal Irish Dragoons" in 1689, 
and in 1858 became "The 5th (Royal Irish) 
Lancers." In recognition of the prominent 
part it took in Marlborough's campaigns, and par- 
ticularly of its distinguished conduct at Blenheim, 
Marlborough directed that the captured kettle- 
drums should be borne at the head of the regiment, 
and that the establishment should be nine troops. 
At Ramillies, with the Royal Scots Greys, it cut 
off two battalions of the Grenadiers of Picardie, 
and almost annihilated a third battalion before a 
body of French horse galloped to the rescue. To 
this the regiment owed the privilege it formerly 
enjoyed of wearing Grenadier caps like the Royal 
Scots Greys. 

Nicknames : At one time called " The JDaily 
Advertisers." More popularly known as " The 
Redbreasts" or " Irith Lancers." 

_ , 

The Coldstreamers first meeting with the Monarch. 

Scots Guards Piper in State Dress. 

(Depot, Newport, MOD.) 
On Guidon, The Castle of Inniskilling, with the St. George's 

Colours, and the word " Inniskilling" underneath. 

" Dettingen," " Warburg," " Willems," " Waterloo," 

"Balaklava," "Sevastopol," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Primrose. 

Hcad-Jreu, White metal helmet, with white plume ; band, 

scarlet plume. 
Forage cap, Blue, with primrose band. 

Horse plume, White. 

Linked Regiment, 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays). 
Allied Regiment, 25th Brant Dragoons of Canada, Brantford, 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Castle of Inniskilling. 

6th (Inniskilling) DRAGOONS 

THE regiment was raised in 1689. In 1690 
the corps was styled the "6th, or The Innis- 
killing Regiment of Dragoons." Its brilliant 
conduct as part of the Union Brigade at the Battle 
of Waterloo is a matter of history. During the 
Crimean War it took part in the famous charge of 
the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava, a memorable feat 
which has hardly received the recognition it 
deserved. Of more recent years the regiment saw 
a great deal of active service in South Africa. 

About J715 it was known as "The Black 
Dragoons," from being mounted on black horses. 
It achieved a high reputation for gallantry in 

Nicknames : " The old Inniskillings," and " The 
Skilljngers." Popularly known as "The Innis- 
killings," from its badge " The Castle of Inniskilling." 


(Depot, Bristol.) 

" DettJngen,** " Warburg," " Beaumont," " Willems," 

" Orthe," " Peainsula," " Waterloo," " Lucknow," " South 

Africa, 1901-02." 

Uniform, Blue. 
Head-dress, Busby with white plume, and scat let busby bag. 

Forage cap. Red. 

Htrse-plume, White. Leopard skin saddlecloth. 
Collar Badge, the letter* " Q.O." interlaced, within the Garter. 

Linked Regiment, 3rd (King's Own) Hussars. 

The only cavalry regiment in which the Officers are permitted 

to wear white atrip collar* with the frock coat. 

7th (Queen's Own) HUSSARS 

THE regiment was raised in 1689 and called 
" Cunningham's Regiment of Dragoons." 
It was, during the Peninsular War, jocularly 
nicknamed " The Old Saucy Seventh," also " The 
Lily White Seventh," from its pale blue uniform 
and white facings, and also " Young Eyes." It 
was at first a Scotch Regiment, and it is the custom 
of its band to play " The Garb of old Gaul" when 
marching past, and " Hieland Laddie " when trot- 
ting. Also called the " Black Horse." It was the 
senior of the Light Dragoon Regiments when first 
connected with Hussars. It distinguished itself 
during the Indian Mutiny, particularly at the pas- 
sage of the Betwa, where it had a hand-to-hand 
fight with the enemy's cavalry in the bed of the 
river. The name of the " Old Straws," or " Straw- 
boots," originated at Warburg, 1760. The boots 
of the troopers being worn out, $trawband were 
substituted for them. 


(Depot, Dublin.) 

"Leswarree," " Hindoostan," "Alma,"' " Balaklava," 

" Inkerman," "Sevastopol," "Central India,' ' 

"Afghanistan, 1879-80," " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Motto : " 'Pristine: virtutit memores " (The memory of former 


Uniform, Blue. Collar Badge, The Harp and Crown. 

Head-dress, Busby, with red and white plume and scarlet 

busby bag. 
Forage cap. Red. 

Linked Regiment, 4th (Queen's Own) Hussars. 
Special arm badge for Sergeants, Harp and Crown. 

8th (King's Royal Irish) HUSSARS 

THE 8th Hussars was raised in Ireland in 1693 
and has always been closely associated with 
the Emerald Isle. It was known as "St. 
George's " from its Colonel's name in 1 740-55 ; also 
as the " Cross Belts " in 1 768 from the circumstance 
that it was permitted to wear the sword belt over 
the right shoulder, in place of round the waist as 
usual in dragoon regiments, for its gallant conduct at 
the battle of Saragossa, where it captured the belts 
of the Spanish cavalry. The regimental motto 
" Pristinoe virtutis memores," was specially con- 
ferred on their corps in commemoration of its brilliant 
gallantry at the battle of Leswarree in India. During 
the Crimean War it formed one of the regiments in 
the famous charge of the Light Brigade at the battle 
of Balaklava. The 8th Hussars and 17th Lancers 
have seen much service together, and they call them- 
selves from their numbers "The Twenty Fives." 
In the Indian Mutiny five Victoria Crosses were 
won by the regiment. 

(Depof. Woolwich.) 

"Peninsula," " Punniar," " Sobraon," "Chillianwallah," 
" Goojerat," " Punjaub," "Delhi, 1857," " Lucknow," 

"Charasiah," " Kabul, 1879." " Kandahar. 1 880," 

"Afghanistan, 1878-80," " M odder River," "Relief of 

Kimberley," " Paardeberg." " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, Scarlet. 

HeaJ-dreu, Lance cap of black leather, with the upper part 
and top of blue cloth ; black and white plume. 

Forage cop. Blue, with scarlet band. 
Linked Regiment, 21st (Empress of India's) Lancers. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Queen Adelaide's Cypher 
nd Crown. 

The Officers wear a gold instead of a silver pouch. 

THE regiment was originally raised in 1697, 
and re-embodied in 11715. They were 
known as "Wynne's Dragoons," and received 
their title in 1830 in honour of Queen Adelaide. 
Soon after its formation the regiment served con- 
tinuously in Ireland for 86 years. It has seen much 
service in India. It particularly distinguished itself 
in the first Sikh War at Sobraon, and in the second 
Sikh War at Chillianwallah and Goojerat. At the 
siege of Delhi the natives called them " The Delhi 
Spearmen," from the good use they made of their 
long lances against the rebels. During the Afghan 
War it took part in Lord Roberts's march to 
Kandahar. At one period in its history the troopers 
wore crimson overalls. 

Irish Guards. The Officer of the Guard. 

Welsh Guards. Ceremonial Duty. 

X.R. H. 

" Sevastopol," 
'Egypt, 1884," 
'South Africa 

(Depot, Scarborough.) 

" Warburg," " Peninsula," " Waterloo," 
"Ali Masjid." "Afghanistan, 1878-79," 
" Relief of Kimberley," " Paardeberg," 

Uniform. Blue. 
HeaJ-Jren, Busby with black and white plume and scarlet 

busby-bag. Forage cap, Red. 

Linked Regiment, 18th (Queen Mary's Own) Hussars. 

In Levee Dress the officers wear pantaloons of scarlet cloth. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Prince of Wales's Plume. 

In Review Order the saddlery of the officers' chargers is 
ornamented with cowrie shells. 

10th (Prince of Wales's Own Royal) 

ORIGINALLY raised in 1697, and in 1783, was 
known as the " Prince of Wales's Light 
Dragoons." In 1793 the Prince of Wales 
(afterwards George IV) was appointed " Com- 
mandant," and in 1796 "Colonel" of the regiment. 
In 181 1 the title " Royal" was conferred on it. 

The regiment performed good service during 
the Peninsular War, and at Waterloo. It was one 
of the regiments summoned from India during the 
Crimean War. Dressed in plain clothes, the officers 
and men were sent up the Red Sea and taken 
across the desert to Alexandria, thence to the seat 
of war. 

Nicknames : " Baker's Light Bobs ;" "The Chainy 
10th," from the pattern of the pouch belt. 

CDepot, Dublin.) 

The Sphinx superscribed " Egypt." 

" Warburg," " Beaumont," " Willems," " Salamanca," 
*' Peninsula," " Waterloo," " Bhurtpore," " Alma," 

" Balaklava," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol." 
Motto : " Treu und Feat " (True and Steadfast). 

Uniform, Blue. Ooeralh, Crimson. 

HeaJ-Jress, Busby with crimson and white plume, and crimson 

busby bag. Band, grey fur busbies. 

Horae plume. Black and white. 

Forage cap. Crimson. 
Linked Regiment, 13ih Hussars. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Crest and Motto of the late 
Prince Consort. 

llth (Prince Albert's Own) 

RAISED in 1697, and afterwards disbanded. 
Raised again in 1715 and later received the 
title of the " Prince Albert's Own," because 
it formed Prince Albert's escort, from Dover to 
Canterbury, on his arrival in England in 1 840, to 
be married to Queen Victoria. The regiment was 
present at the Alma and at Inkerman, and was one 
of the five regiments which, under the leadership of 
Lord Cardigan, its former Colonel, rode " into the 
jaws of death," at Balaklava. One of the regiment, 
Trooper Hope, also rode in the charge of the 
Heavy Brigade on the same occasion. He did so 
without permission and started without arms. 

Nicknames : " The Cherry Pickers," also " The 
Cherubims," from its crimson overalls, being the 
only regiment in the British Army entitled to wear 
overalls of that colour. Also Wown as " Lord 
Cardigan's Bloodhounds." 

("Depot, Woolwich.) 
The Sphinx superscribed " Egypt." 

" Peninsula," " Waterloo," > " South Africa, 1851-2-3." 

" Sevastopol," " Central India," " Relief of Kimberley," 

" Paardeberg," "South Africa. 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, Scarlet. 

Head-dress, Lance Cap, black leather, with upper part and top 
of scarlet cloth ; scarlet plume. 

Forage cap. Scarlet. 
Allied Regiment, 1 2th Manitoba Dragoons of Canada. 

Linked Regiment, 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Prince of Wales 's Plume. 

It has been the custom in this regiment for the band to play five 

hymns every evening at tattoo. One version of the legend is 

that it was a punishment for breaking into a monastery during the 

Peninsular War, the punishment to last a hundred yeart. 

Another version is that these hymns were presented to the 

officers by Pope Pius VI for the band to play. Whoever 

originated the custom we can all sympathise with the unfortunate 

bandsmen who have to carry out the bequest. 

12th (Prince of Wales's Royal) 

PE regiment was raised in 1715, and served 
uninterruptedly in Ireland for 76 years. It 
won high reputation during the Peninsular 
War. It subsequently fought gallantly at Quatre 
Bras and at Waterloo. It was one of the regiments 
summoned from India to the Crimea, proceeding 
there by way of the Red Sea and across the desert 
to Alexandria. It subsequently returned to India and 
bore a distinguished part in the operations in Central 
India under Sir Hugh Rose during the Mutiny. 

Nicknamed the " Supple Twelfth " at Salamanca, 
from its dash and rapidity of movement, in action. 

CDepot, Dublin.) 

"Albuhera," "Vittoria," "Orthes," "Toulouse," "Peninsula," 

" Waterloo," " Alma," " Balaklava," " Inkerman," 

" Sevaitopol," " Relief of Ladysmith," " South Africa, 


Motto : Viret in /Eternum (It flourishes for ever). 

Uniform, Blue. Collars, Buff. 

Head-dress, Busby, with white plume and buff busby bag. 

Forage cap, White, with blue band. Horse plume, White. 

Linked Regiment, 1 1th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussari. 
Th " Honours " are worn on the Officers' shoulder belt. 


RAISED in 1715 as " Munden's Dragoons"; 
was known as the " Green Dragoons " from 
its facings ; and in the Peninsular War 
nicknamed the " Ragged .Brigade " for its inability 
to keep a trim appearance owing to its hard 
and severe work during 32 actions, in which it 
lost 276 men and over 1,000 horses. It fought 
gallantly at Waterloo. It was present throughout 
the Crimean War, and was engaged at the Alma 
and at Inkerman. It was one of the regiments of 
the Light Brigade in the famous Balaklava charge, 
and afterwards served before Sevastopol. 

Known as " The Lilywhites," on account of its 
white collars on tunics and white striped down 
overalls. Also known as " The Evergreens," from 
the old green facings and motto ; and " The Ger- 
aniums," from the smart dress of the officers and men. 

CDepot, Scarborough.) 
The Royal Crest within the Garter. 

" Douro," " Talarera," " Fuentes d'Onor," " Salamanca," 

" Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Orthes," " Peninsula," " Punjaub," 

" Chillianwallah," " Goojerat," " Persia," " Central India," 

" Relief of Ladyimith." " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Blue. 
HeaJ-dreti, Busby, with white plume and yellow busby bag. 

Forage cap, Red. 
Linked Regiment, 20th Hussars. 

14th (King's) HUSSARS 

ORIGINALLY raised in 1697 and disbanded. 
Again raised in 1715. It fought with dis- 
tinction through the whole of the Peninsular 
War from first to last, and was engaged times 
without number. In the pursuit after the battle 
of Vittoria, the 14th came up with Joseph Buona- 
parte's carriage, from which he had but just escaped, 
leaving behind him a celebrated but indescribable 
silver trophy called The Emperor's Chambermaid, 
still widely renowned throughout the service- This 
is the corps of Charles O'Malley's choice, and 
mustered in its ranks the ever memorable Micky 
Free. In 1848 the regiment charged vastly 
superior numbers of the Sikh army at the battle of 
Ramnuggar, losing their Brigadier, their Colonel, 
and 40 officers and men, and have since been 
known as the Ramnuggar Boys the anniversary of 
that battle being still observed as a great day in 
the regiment. It fought in Persia in 1857, and was 
particularly distinguished in Central India. 

Nicknamed " The Emperor's Chambermaids." 

(Depot, Bristol.) 

The Crest of England within the Garter. 

"Emsdorff," " Villers-en-Cauchies," "Willems,^ 

" Egmont-op-Zee," " Sahagun." " Vittoria," " Peninsula," 

"Waterloo," "Afghanistan. 1878-80." 

Motto : Merebimur (We will deserve). 

Uniform, Blue. 

HeaJ-dreu, Busby with scarlet plume and busby bag. 

Forage cap, Scarlet. Hone flume. Scarlet. 

Allied Regiment, 1 5th Light Horse of Canada, Calgary, Alberta. 

Linked Regiment, 1 9th (Queen Alexandra's Own Royal) Hussars. 

The officers wear crossed flags, pointing downwards, on the 

leopard skin. 
Special arm badge for Sergeants, Royal Crest. 

15th (The King's) HUSSARS 

THE 1 5th Hussars was the first regiment of Light 
Dragoons raised for permanent service in 1 759 
by Colonel Eliott, the gallant defender of 
Gibraltar, afterwards Lord Heathfield. It was 
named after him " Eliott's Light Horse." In 1767 
the regiment was made " Royal " as a reward for 
its services in Germany, and in 1768 styled the 
" King's Light Dragoons." Its present title it 
received in 1 806. 

This regiment was authorized to bear on its helmets 
the following inscription : " Five battalions of Foot de- 
feated and taken by this regiment, with their colours, 
and nine pieces of cannon, at Emsdorff, 16th July, 
1760." In 1794, the 15th, at Villiers-en-Cauchies, 
charged enormously superior numbers of all arms. It 
succeeded in its object at a terrible sacrifice. In 1 799, 
the troopers had given them the honour of decking 
their helmets with scarlet feathers. 

Nicknamed "The Fighting Fifteenth." 

CDepot, Woolwich.) 

The Cypher of Queen Charlotte within the Garter. 
" Beaumont," " Willems," " Talavera," " Fuentes d'Onor," 
" Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Nive," " Peninsula," " Waterloo," 
"Bhurtpore." "Ghuznee, 1839." " Affghanistan, 1839," 
" Maharajpore," "Aliwal," "Sobraon," "Relief of Kimberley," 

"Paardeberg," " South Africa, 1900-02." 
Motto : Jlui cursu, out cominus armis (Either in the 

charge, or hand to hand). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Lance cap of black leather with upper part and 

top of dark blue cloth ; black plume. 

Forage cap, Scarlet, with blue band. 

Allied Regiment, 1 6th Light Horse of Canada, Regina, 


Linked Regiment, 1 7th (Duke of Cambridge's Own) Lancers. 

16th (The Queen's) LANCERS 

THE regiment was raised in 1759. It served 
with distinction throughout the Peninsular 
War, from Talavera to Toulouse, during the 
greater part of which time it was attached to the 
Light Division. Subsequently, it fought at Quatre 
Bras and at Waterloo, where it lost heavily. It 
was the first Lancer regiment to serve in India, and 
the first British Lancers to use the lance in action. 
During a tour of service in India extending over 
a quarter of a century it won great fame on many 
fields. At the battle of Aliwal (where Sir Harry 
Smith, with a force of 12,000 men with 32 guns, 
defeated 19,000 Sikhs with 68 guns) it specially 
distinguished itself. 

The 16th Lancers, being the only Lancer corps 
wearing the scarlet tunic, received the sobriquet of 
the " Scarlet Lancers." 

', Woolwich.) 
Death's Head " Or Glory." 

" Alma." " Balaklav.," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," 
"Central India," "South Africa, 1879. 1900-02." 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, White. 
Head-dress. L&nce cap of black leather with white cloth top, 

white plume. 

Forage cap, Blue, with white band. 
Linked Regiment, 16th (The Queen's) Lancers. 
Special arm badge for Sergeants, Death's Head. 

17th (Duke of Cambridge's Own) 

THE regiment was raised in 1759 and in 1876 
received its present title of " 1 7th (Duke of 
Cambridge'* Own) Lancen." It was present 
throughout the Crimean War and fought at the 
Alma, Inkerman and Balaklava, where it was one 
^f the five regiments that took part in the famous 
charge of the Light Brigade. It also fought in the 
Indian Mutiny. 

Popularly known as the " Death or Glory Boys," 
and " Skull and Crossbones," from the circumstance 
that its Colonel (Hole) chose its crest of a " death's 
head" and its motto "or glory," as he wished all to 
remember General Wolfe, with whom he happened 
to serve in the year on which his regiment 
wai first raised in Scotland by Lord Aberdour. 
Another nickname given them was that of 
" Bingham's Dandies," the uniform being of scarlet 
with white facings and overalls and black plume. 
The late Earl of Lucan, when Lord Bingham, was 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the corps, which was in his 
time remarkable for the well-fitting uniform* both 
of the officers and men belonging to it. 

Charging with the Light Brigade at Balaclava 

Royal Engineers at Pontooning Work. 

(Depot, Scarborough.) 

" Peninsula," " Waterloo," " Defence of Ladysmilh," 
" South Africa. 1899-1902." 

Motto : Pro Rege, pro Lege, pro Patria conamur 
(We strive for King, for Law, for Country). 

Uniform, Blue. 
Wea</-</reM,Busby with scarlet and white plume and blue busby bag 

Forage cap. Red. 
Linked Regiment, 10th (Prince of Wales 's Own Royal) Hussars 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Q.M.O. Monogram. 

The silver trumpets used by the regiment were provided out of 

proceeds of the tale of the captured horses at Waterloo. 

18th (Queen Mary's Own) HUSSARS 

ORIGINALLY raised in 1759 by the Marquis of 
Drogheda, and disbanded in 1821, after 
brilliant service in the Peninsular War and 
at Waterloo. The regiment served in the Maroon 
War and at San Domingo, 1759-60, and lost so 
heavily from war and disease that it returned to 
England under the command of the regimental 
surgeon. At one time the Dyke of Wellington 
served in the regiment, in command of a troop, 
before being transferred to the 33rd Foot as a 
field officer. The present regiment was raised at 
Leeds in 1858, and was perm tted to revive the 
honours, " Peninsula " and " Waterloo," borne by 
the old regiment. It wore Lincoln green busby bags 
and plumes, and scarlet pouches and sabretaches. 
Its present title was conferred in 1910. 

("Depot, Briitol.) 

The Elephant, superscribed " Assaye." 

" Mysore," " Seringapatam," " Niagara," " Tel-el- Kebir," 

"Egypt, 1882-84," "Abu Klea," "Nile, 1884-85," 

"Defence of Ladysmith," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Blue. 

Head-Jrest, Busby with white plume and busby bag. 

Forage cap, Red. Hone plume. White. 

Linked Regiment, 15th (The King's) Hussars. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, an Elephant. 

Queen Alexandra's crest is used as a collar badge. In 1914 

Her Majesty presented the regiment with a pair of beautiful 

kettle drum banners. 

19th (Queen Alexandra's Own Royal) 

ORIGINALLY raised in 1759 as the 19th Light 
Dragoons, and converted into Hussars in 
1807. The present regiment was formed 
in 1860 out of the late Hon. East India Company'i 
Bengal European Cavalry. It was subsequently 
permitted to assume the honours of the old 19th 
Dragoons (Lancers) : '" Assaye" and "Niagara." 
It fought with distinction during the Egyptian War, 
1882, Suakin, 1884, and in the Nile Expedition. 
Sir john French commenced his military career 
with the regiment. 

Nicknamed the " Dumpies," from the circum- 
stance of the men, originally taken over from the 
Blast India Company's 1st Bengal European 
Cavalry, being of diminutive size. The Indian 
history of the regiment is full of interest, for much 
hard service was seen and a good deal of heavy 
fighting, especially at Assaye, where, for its dis- 
tinguished conduct, the badge of the Elephant wat 

(Depot, Scarborough.) 

"Vimiera," "Peninsula," " Suakin, 1885," " South Africa, 

Uniform, Blue. 

Head-dress, Busby with yellow plume and crimson busby bag. 
Horse plume, Yellow. 

Forage cap, Red. 
Linked Regiment, 1 4th (King's) Hussars. 

20th HUSSARS. 

THE Regiment was originally raised in Ireland 
in 1 789 from the " Light Troop " of the 
6th (Inniskillmg) Dragoons, and wore a 
scarlet uniform, the facings being at first yellow 
and afterwards black. It is a curious fact that a 
detachment of the regiment under Sir Robert 
Wilson was present with the Russian Army in 
their operations against Napoleon in his famous 
capture of and return from Moscow in 1812 and 
in the subsequent campaign in Germany. The 
present regiment was raised in 1861 by volunteers 
from the late Hon. East India Company's 2nd 
Bengal European Light Cavalry. It was subse- 
quently permitted to assume the honours of the old 
20th Light Dragoons : "Vimiera" and "Peninsula." 
Part of the regiment was employed in the Suakin 
Expedition, 1885, and subsequently did good service 
with the Egyptian Frontier Force in 1 885-6. 
Nicknamed the " XV 

(Depot, Woolwich.) 

" Khartoum." 
Uniform, Blue. Facings. French grey. 

Head-Jreii, Lance cap of black leather with upper part and top 
of french grey cloth, white plume. 

Forage cap, Blue, with french grey band. 

Linked Regiment, 9th (Queen's Royal) Lancers. 

Special arm badge for Sergeants, Imperial Cypher and Crown. 

21st (Empress of India's) LANCERS 

FOUR British Cavalry regiments Have in succes- 
sion been numbered the 2 1 st ; the original 
regiment having been raised in 1760 as the 
21st Light Dragoons, by the famous Marquis of 
Granby. It was disbanded in 1763, re-raised in 
1 779, and again disbanded. In 1 794 it again ap- 
peared, and saw a great deal of service abroad, and 
served in St. Helena when Napoleon was imprisoned 
there. The uniform first was scarlet, and later blue, 
with pink facings, which was afterwards changed to 
black velvet. 

Raised in 1858 as the 3rd Bengal European 
Cavalry. In 1 862 it was transferred to the British 
establishment, and until 1 897 was known as the 2 1 st 
Hussars. In that year the title was changed to 
21st Lancers, and in 1898, in recognition of its 
brilliant services at the battle of Omdurman, its 
present Royal title was conferred upon it. 

Nickname : " The Grey Lancers." 

Royal Field Artillery in Review Order " Halt !" 

Mottoes : Ubique (Everywhere). 
Quo Fas et Gloria Jucunt (Where Duty and Glory lead.) 

Head-dress, Busby with white plume and scarlet busby bag. 
The R.A. Mounted Band wear scarlet plumes. 

Forage cap. Blue with scarlet band. 
Regimental March : " British Grenadiers." 

The R.H.A. take precedence next the Household 
Cavalry, but when on parade with their guns take the right 
of the line. 


ALTHOUGH the Royal Regiment of Artillery 
dates back to the reign of King Henry 
VIII, the Horse Artillery was first or- 
ganised in 1793. In 1794 the splendid service 
rendered by the Horse Batteries at Vaux led the 
Duke of York to direct it to march past the whole of 
the allied armies at a special parade. The famous 
Chestnut Troop (now "A" Battery) did equally good 
service in North Holland in 1 799, and the famous 
Rocket Troop was raised for special service in 
Flanders. The Royal Horse Artillery have won 
fame on many hard fought battlefields, notably at 
Fuentes d'Onor, in the Peninsular War, where 
Norman Ramsay charged with his battery (now "I" 
Battery) through the enemy's cavalry ; and in South 
Africa and France where "Q" Battery and " L" 
Battery won many Victoria Crosses. 

Nicknames : " The Right of the Line," " The 
Galloping Gunners," and "The Four-wheeled 

,fr\ i^ 

Mottoes : Ubique (Everywhere). 
Qyo Fat ti Gloria ducunt (Where Duty and Glory lead). 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, Scarlet. Girdle, Red and Blue. 
Head-dress, Helmet with brass ball on top. 

Forage cap. Blue with scarlet band. 

Regimental March, "British Grenadiers." 

Cap badge, A gun with motto. Collar badge, A grenade. 


THE Royal Regiment of Artillery, as it is now 
known, was formed in 1716, when two 
companies were permanently established at 
Woolwich, but, prior to that, artillery formed part 
of the King's Armies as early as the 1 5th century. 
The history of the Artillery is really the history of 
the British Army, for very seldom indeed has there 
been an action fought by British troops without 
some representatives of the Royal Regiment 
being present. The guns are looked upon as the 
standards of the regiment, and in the old days one 
of the guns was known as the colour gun, which 
was usually the heaviest piece in the field. All 
ranks are animated with the most intense bravery 
and devotion, which has been demonstrated on 
many fields, and won for the regiment many dis- 
tinctions. The Great War on the Continent has 
added greatly to the reputation of the regiment. 

Nicknamed " The Gunners." 

Mottoes : Ubique (Everywhere). 
Qyo Fa* et Gloria (Where Duty and Glory lead). 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, Scarlet. Belt, White. 
Head-dress, Helmet with brass ball on top. 

Forage Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 

Regimental JXCarch, " British Grenadiers." 

Cap badge, A gun with motto. 

Collar badge, A grenade. 


THE Garrison, or Heavy Gunner* can be con- 
sidered as the direct descendants of the 
ancient British Artillery, which wa originally 
formed for siege or defence purposes The more 
mobile Field and Horse Artillery was not formed 
till very many years later. The records of the 
Garrison Artillery show they have won glory in all 
parts of the world. The gallantry displayed during 
the two years defence of Gibraltar is among their 
most cherished traditions, and for distinguished con- 
duct at the reduction of Martinique, No. 1 1 Company 
received as a mark of honour a battle axe, which 
was directed to be carried by the tallest gunner at the 
head of the battery when on parade. The splendid 
achievements of the Heavy Artillery in the great 
war with Germany has added materially to the 
reputation of the regiment for gallantry and valour. 

Nicknamed the " Heavy Gunners." 


Mottoes : Ubique (Everywhere). 

Quo Fas el Gloria ducunt (Where Duty and Glory lead). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue velvet. 

Head-dress, Helmet with brass spike on top. 

Forage cap, Blue. 

Field Officers when attending Court or Levees wear the 
cocked hat. 

"Regimental March, " British Grenadiers." 
The band wear a bearskin cap in full dress. 


THE Corps can trace its history back as a distinct 
organization to 1717, but Engineers or artifi- 
cers were known before that. In 1722 the 
Corps was known as ' The Soldier Artificier 
Corps," and later as " The Corps of Military 
Artificers." In 1788, under Master-General the 
Duke of Richmond, the Officers were constituted 
" The Corps of Royal Engineers," the other ranks 
being " The Royal Line Artificers." The title of 
" The Royal Sappers and Miners " replaced them 
in 1813, and for their distinguished service in the 
Crimea all ranks were united under the title of 
' The Corps of Royal Engineers." Of the services, 
individual and collective, of the Corps during its 
history it would be impossible to treat in detail, for 
they have served with distinction in every battle and 
in all parts of the Empire, and have a glorious 
history of unusual valour. 

Nicknames : "The Sappers" ; "The Mudlarks"; 
" The Measurers " ; and " The Mounted Brick- 


(T^egimental Headquarters, Buckingham Gate, S.W.) 

"Tangier, 1680," " Namur, 1695," "Gibraltar, 1704-5/j 
" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
' Dettingen," " Lincelles," " Egmont-op-Zee," " Corunna," 
" Barrosa," "Nive," "Peninsula," "Waterloo,'' "Alma," 
" Inkerman," "Sevastopol," " Tel-el- Kebir," "Egypt, 1882," 
"Suakin, 1885," "Khartoum," " M odder River," "South 

Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Bearskin cap with white plume worn on left side. 

Forage cap. Blue with scarlet band. 

TtegimentalJXCarch, " British Grenadiers." 

Buttons on the tunic are placed at equal distance apart. 


THE Grenadier Guards were raised in the year 
1657, when the loyal English who shared King 
Charles's exile were formed into six regiments, 
the first of which was called the " Royal Regiment of 

For the first seventy years of its existence it saw 
much and varied service, and won fame on many 
fields, and also served on board the fleet. During 
the Peninsular War its good order and steady 
discipline were conspicuous. Its conduct at Waterloo 
is a matter of history, and its heroic bearing during 
the Crimean War is well known. 

The title of "Grenadiers" was given to the first 
Regiment of Foot Guards in 1815, in recognition of 
their having defeated the French Grenadier Guards 
at Waterloo. 

The Grenadier Guards have the nicknames of the 
" Sand-bags," the " Coalheavers," and " Old Eyes," 
and the 3rd Battalion " The Bill Browns." 

CRegtmental Headquarters, Buckingham Gate, S.W.) 
" Tangier, 1 680," " Namur, J 695," " Gibraltar, 1 704-5/; 
" Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," " Dettingen," " Lincelles," 
" Talavera," " Barrosa,' " Fuentes d'Onor," " Nive," 
" Peninsula," " Waterloo," " Alma," " Inkerman," 
"Sevastopol," " Tel-el- Kebir," " Egypt, 1 882." " Suakin, 
1 885," " Modder River," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 

Motto : Nulli Secundus (Second to none). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Bearskin cap 
with red plume on right side. Forage cap, Blue, with white band. 

f^eglmental March, " Milanello." 
Buttons on the Tunic are placed in twos. 


THE Coldstream Guards was originally formed 
from Sir A. Hesselrig's and Colonel Fenwick's 
Regiments of Foot, and obtained its title from 
Monck's celebrated march from Coldstream in 
January, 1660, to restore King Charles II. The 
regiment was also known as the " Nulli Secundus 
Club," and " The Coldstreamers." This is the only 
regiment of the Parliamentary Army that was not 
disbanded at the Restoration in 1660. Under 
Marlborough it shared in the great victories of 
Oudenarde and Malplaquet, and at many sieges and 
encounters down to the peace of 1713. It took 
part in most of the great battles of the Peninsular 
War. At Waterloo it was posted on the ridge 
above Hougoumont, and to it fell the honour of 
defending the Chateau of Hougoumont the key of 
the British position throughout that memorable 
day, and nobly was that duty performed. During 
the Crimean War the regiment fought splendidly, as 
it has on every subsequent occasion, and has worthily 
upheld its motto of Nulli Secundus. 



(Regimental Headquarters : Buckingham Gate, S.W.) 

" Nainur, 1695," " Dettingen," "Lincelles," " Talavera," 

" Barrosa," " Fuentes d'Onor," "Nive," "Peninsula," 

" Waterloo," " Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," 

"Tel-el-Kebir," "Egypt, 1882," "Suakin, 1885," 

" Modder River," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 
Motto : Nemo me impune lacessit (No one provokes me 

with impunity). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Bearskin cap. Forage cap. Blue, diced border. 

"Regimental ZXCarch, "Highland Laddie." 

Buttons on the tunic are placed in threes. 


THE origin of this distinguished corps is uncertain, 
the regimental papers having been destroyed 
by fire in 1841 ; but it was raised about 
1639, and was originally called by the same name 
it now bears, which, however, had been for a 
long time in disuse, and was only in 1877 restored 
to the corps by the late Queen Victoria. Previously 
it had been styled " The Scots Fusilier Guards " 
and the " 3rd Foot Guards." Throughout its long 
career it has ever been distinguished for its valour 
and discipline. At Namur it advanced without 
firing a shot, but exposed to the murderous fire of 
the enemy from the ramparts, close up to the 
palisades, when they poured in their volleys and 
put the enemy to confusion. It distinguished itself 
at Lincelles for its coolness, steady fire and gallant 
bayonet charge. During the Peninsular War it 
was constantly engaged, and there and at subsequent 
battles not only upheld the traditions of the regiment, 
but gained a reputation no troops could surpass 
Nicknamed " The Jocks." 


(Regimental Headquarters, Buckingham Gate, S.W.) 
Motto : Quit Scparabil (Who *hall separate). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Bearskin cap with blue plume on right side. 

Forage cap, Blue, with green band. 

Regimental March, " St. Patrick's Day." 

The Buttons on the Tunic are placed in fours. 


RAISED in 1900 by the late Queen Victoria to 
commemorate the bravery of the Irish Regi- 
ments in the South African War. All ranks 
have worthily upheld the high traditions of the 
Brigade of Guards in their first campaign, being dis- 
tinguished for conspicuous bravery in many of the 
frequent actions against the overwhelming German 
forces in France and Belgium. Many decorations 
have been won, among them being the Victoria 
Cross awarded to Sergeant Michael O'Leary whose 
great bravery has been widely extolled among the 

Nicknamed " Bob's Own," from the fact that 
the late Lord Roberts was the first Colonel of the 

(Regimental Headquarters, Buckingham Gate, S.W.) 
Motto : Cymru am Byth (Wales for Ever I ) 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Bearskin cap with white, green, and white plume. 

Badge, The Leek. The Red Dragon of Wales is emblazoned 
on the King's Colour. 

Regimental March, " Men of Harlech." 
Buttons on tunics are placed in sets of five. 


THIS regiment was raised in London in 1915 by 
the Royal Warrant of King George V, during 
the progress of the War with Germany, and 
the first Battalion of 1,100 of all ranks, under 
Lieut.-Col. W. Murray Threipland, was quickly 
completed, a second Battalion being then authorised. 
Major-General Sir Francis Lloyd was the first 
Colonel of the regiment, and Col. Lord Harlech, 
who commenced his military career in the Cold- 
stream Guards, was appointed to command the 
regiment and the regimental district. Hit Majesty 
in authorising the raising of the regiment directed 
that the leading company of the 1 st Battalion should 
be denominated "The Prince of Wales's Company," 
in the same way as the leading company of the 
1st Grenadier Guards is known as the "King's 


CDepot, Glencorie.) (Record Office, Hamilton.) 
The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

"Tangier, 1680." "Namur, 1695," "Blenheim," "Ramillies." 
" Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," " Louisburg," " Havannah," 
" Egmont-op-Zee," " St. Lucia, 1803," " Corunna," " Busaco," 
"Salamanca," " Vittoria," "St. Sebastian," " Nive," 
"Niagara," "Peninsula." "Waterloo." " Nagpore." 
" Maheidpoor," "Ava," "Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," 
" Taku Forts," " Pekin, 1860," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 
Metto : /Verne me impune lacessil (No one provokes me with 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Kilmarnock bonnet, with plume. 

Cap, Glengarry, with scarlet, white and green diced border. 

T^egimental JHCarch, " Dumbarton's Drums." 
Only th pipers wear the kilt of Royal Stewart tartan. The regi- 
ment wears the doublet, and trews of Hunting Stewart tartan. 


THE Royal Scots have the proud distinction of 
being the oldest regiment in the British 
Army, dating its present existence from 1 633. 
It was organised by Sir John Hepburn, and on hi 
death 37 years later the command was given to 
Lord James Douglas and became known as 
" Douglas's Regiment." Nobly has it sustained 
its reputation, and in every quarter of the globe, 
the roll of " Dumbarton's Drums " has been heard. 
" Pontius Pilate's Bodyguard " is the extra- 
ordinary nickname given to the regiment. This 
was on account of a dispute between the regiment 
(then the " Regiment de Douglas," or " Douglas 
Ecossais ") when in the French service, and the 
Picardy Regiment, as to the antiquity of the two 
corps. The Picardy Regiment laid claim to having 
been on duty on the night after the Crucifixion. 
To this the I st Foot wittily rejoined : "Had we 
been on duty, we should not have slept at our post." 


(Oepo/, Guildford.) (Record Office, Hounslow.) 

A Naval Crown, superscribed " 1 tt June, 1 794." 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

"Tangier, 1662-80," "Namur, 1695," "Vimiera," "Corunna," 
" Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Toulouse," 

"Peninsula," " Ghuznee, 1839," " Khelat," 

"Afghanistan, 1839." " South Africa, 1851-2-3." 

" Tku Forts," " Pekin, 1860," " Burma, 1885-87." " Tirah," 

" Relief of Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 
Mottoes : 'Pristine oirtutis me/nor (Mindful of its ancient 
valour). Vel exuoiat triumphant (Even the remnant triumph). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

T^egimcntal March, " We'll gang nae mair." 
The Regiment has a third Colour, carried on State occasions. 

THE QUEEN'S (Royal West Surrey 

THE regiment is the oldest English infantry unit, 
having been raised in 1661 by the Earl of 
Peterborough. Nicknamed "Kirke's Lambs," 
from its Colonel and badge in 1 682. Was raised to 
garrison Tangier, and received then the badge of 
the " Paschal Lamb," the crest of the House of 
Braganza. Was known when raised as the " 1st 
Tangerines." The title " Royal " and motto, 
Pristince oirtutis me/nor, was conferred for its 
brilliant conduct at Tongres in 1685, where for 
28 hours it gallantly maintained itself against 
40,000 of the enemy, and by its heroism saved the 
rest of the army from being taken by surprise. 

A detachment was on board the " Birkenhead " 
when that transport was wrecked, and in order to 
allow the women and children to be saved, stood 
firm in their ranks on the deck of the doomed ship, 
until the waves swallowed all but the deathless 
glory of their deed. 


(Depot, Canterbury.) CRccorJ Office, Hounslow.) 
Blenheim," " Raraillies," "Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
* Dcttingen," "Guadaloupe, 1759," "Donro," "Talavera," 
"Albuhera," " Vittoria." " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Nive," 
" Orthts," " Toulouse," " Peninsula," " Punniar," " Sevastopol, " 
"Taku Forts," " South Africa, 1879," "Chilral," " Relief of 
Kimberley." " Paardeberg," " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Motto : Veteri fronJescit honore (May it flourish by its ancient 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Buff. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cop, Blue. 

Regimental JKarch, "The Buffi." 

Allied Regiment, 2nd Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, 

THE BUFFS (East Kent Regiment) 

THE 3rd Foot (The Buffs) was so called first in 
1 708. Its previous title was " The Holland 
Regiment," having been in the Dutch Service 
from the time of Queen Elizabeth. It was raised in 
1 572 to the number of 3000 men by London Guilds, 
when the Dutch were in revolt against Spain. To 
this circumstance, the regiment owes the time- 
honoured privilege it enjoys of marching through the 
City of London with drums beating and colours 
flying without let or hindrance, the custom being 
derived from the privileges of the Train Bands of 
Elizabethan days. It was nicknamed the " Buff 
Howards " from the colour of its facings and Colonel's 
name, 1737 to 1749; also the "Old Buffs," to 
distinguish it from the 31st Regiment, which was 
the " Young Buffs." Other nicknames given were 
"The Nutcrackers," on account of its prowess in 
cracking tht heads of the enemy, and " The 
Resurrectionists," which was obtained at Albuhera 
where the regiment was dispersed by the Polish 
Lancers, and reappeared shortly after. 

(Depot, Lancaster.) (Record Office, Preston.) 

"Namur, 1695," ^'Gibraltar, 1704-5," "Guadaloupe, 1759/j 
" St. Lucia, 1 778," " Corunna," " Badajoz," " Salamanca," 
" Vittoria," " St. Sebastian," " Nive," " Peninsula," " Bladens- 
burg," " Waterloo," " Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," 
" Abyssinia," " South Africa, 1879," " Relief of Ladysmith," 
"South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-drcst, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 
"Regimental March, " Corn rigs are bonnie." 

THE KING'S OWN (Royal Lancaster 

THE regiment was raised in 1680 by the Earl 
of Plymouth. It gained great distinction at 
the siege of Namur, 1 695, and while serving as 
Marines in 1 704 it shared in the capture of Gibraltar. 
It has fought with distinction in all parts of the 
world, and has ever acquitted itself with credit to 
England and glory to itself. It was one of the few 
British regiments to make the famous desert march 
across Abyssinia, to the capture of Magdala. It 
also fought in the Zulu War and was one of the 
devoted battalions to climb and capture Spion Kop, 
holding that awful position throughout a day of dire 
disaster with unflinching courage. 

Nicknames : The " Lions," from its ancient badge, 
the Lion of England, given to it by the Prince of 
Orange, the regiment being the first to join his 
Standard after landing at Torbay in 1 688. " Barr ell's 
Blues," from William Barrell, Colonel of the regiment 
in 1 740, and its facings. The title of " The King's 
Own " was conferred by George I in 1715. 


(Depot, Newcastle-on-Tyne.) (Record Office, York.) 

" Wilhelmstahl," "St. Lucia, 1778," " Rolica," " Vimiera," 
" Corunna," " Busaco," " Ciudad Rodrigo,' 1 " Badajoz," 
" Salamanca," "Vittoria," "Nivelle," "Orthes," "Toulouse," 
"Peninsula," " Lucknow," "Afghanistan, 1878-80," 
" Khartoum," " Modder River," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Quo fata vacant (Whither the fates call). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Gosling green. 

Head-dress, Racoonskin cap. Plume, Scarlet, with white bate, 
worn on left side. Cap, Blue. 

"Regimental 3&arch, " British Grenadiers." 

A third Colour is carried on ceremonial occasions by the drum- 
mers to commemorate the capture of a colour at Wilhelmstahl. 



RAISED in 1 674 the regiment was in 1 764 nick- 
named the " Shiners " from its smart and 
clean appearance ; and whilst in the Penin- 
sula was called the " Old and Bold," " The 
Fighting Fifth," and also " Lord Wellington's 
Bodyguard." It formed part of a small force which 
beat off an overwhelming body of the enemy at 
El Boden in 1811, a performance which Welling- 
ton notified to the Army as " a memorable example 
of what can be done by steadiness, discipline, and 
confidence." ' A custom, which has long prevailed 
in this regiment, is for all ranks to wear roses in^ their 
caps on St. George's Day. Among the "men " who 
have served in the ranks was Phcebe Hassell, the 
famous female soldier, afterwards pensioned by 
George IV, and to whose memory there is a stone 
in the churchyard at Hove, Brighton. 


(Depot, Warwick.) (Record Office, Warwick.) 

"Namur, 1695," "Martinique, 1794," " Roli^a," " Vimiera," 
" Corunna," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Orthes," 
"Peninsula," "Niagara," " South Africa, 1846-7, 1851-2-3," 

"Atbara." "Khartoum," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-drets, Helmet 

Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 

Regimental tKCarch, "Warwickshire Lads." 

The regiment is one of the very few bearing a battle honour 

won in Canada, that of " Niagara." 


THE regiment has a very ancient history, having 
existed for some time before being brought 
on the British establishment in 1688. It 
fought at Namur in 1695, and in 1707 was one of 
the regiments cut up at the fierce battle of Almanza. 
It won much distinction at the battle of Saragossa, 
and Colonel Harrison, who then commanded, was, 
as a mark of honour to the regiment, sent home 
with thirty standards, taken that day, to lay before 
the Sovereign. Tradition has it that one was the 
standard belonging to a Moorish Regiment in the 
Spanish pay, bearing an Antelope, and that that 
badge was forthwith conferred on the regiment. 
It won great fame during the Peninsular War. In 
the action at Echalar, 2nd August, 1813, its 
conduct was described by Wellington as " the most 
gallant and the finest thing he had ever witnessed." 
The title " Royal " was conferred in 1 832. 

It was nicknamed " Guise's Geese," also " The 
Warwickshire Lads," and " The Saucy Sixth." 

(Depot, Hounslow.) (Record Office, Hounslow.) 

" Namur, 1695," " Martinique, 1809," " Talavera," " Busaco," 

" Albuhera," " Badajoz," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," 

" Pyrenees," *' Orthes," " Toulouse," " Peninsula," 

" Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," " Kandahar, 1 880," 

" Afghanistan, 1 879-80," " Relief of Ladysmith," 

"South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Racoonskin cap, with white plume on right side. 

Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 
Regimental 3arch, " British Grenadiers." 

Until after the Crimean War there were no 2nd Lieutenants or 

Ensigns in this regiment. The regiment has the priyilege of 

marching through the City of London with fixed bayonets, 

drums beating, and colours flying. 

London Regiment) 

RAISED in 1685. In the Peninsular War it took 
a glorious part, and no troops hazarded their 
lives more freely for their country's cause, than 
the Royal Fusiliers. At Talavera they met the storm 
of war with unshaken firmness, and captured seven of 
the enemy's guns, but the undying lustre of the glory 
they won at Albuhera, almost overshadows their other 
gallant exploits at this time. They had marched from 
Badajos at 2 a.m. the same day, and the night march 
of 20 miles, followed by the supreme effort which re- 
gained the lost heights of Albuhera, must rank as an 
unsurpassed feat of arms. During the Crimean War 
the conduct of the Royal Fusiliers won further glory. 
It was once known as " The Hanoverian White 
Horse," and also as the " Elegant Extracts " from the 
fact that the officers were selected from other corps. 

The Royal Fusiliers marching through the City of London. 

Presentation of Colours. 

CDepot, Seaforth.) (Record Office. Preston.) 

The Sphinx, supertcribed " Egypt." 

" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde." " Malplaquet," 
** Dettingen," " Martinique, 1809," " Niagara," " Delhi, 1857," 
" Lucknow," ' Peiwar Kotal," "Afghanistan, 1878-80," 
" Burma, 1 885-87," " Defence of Ladysmith," " South Africa. 


Motto : Nee aspera terrenl (Nor do difficulties deter). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cop, Blue with red band. 

Regimental JXCarch, " Here's to the maiden of bashful fifteen." 
Allied Regiment, 8th Australian Infantry Regiment. 


RAISED in 1685. It gained considerable repu- 
tation during Marlborough's campaign when 
it was known as the " Queen's," but on 
George 1's accession it became " The King's," 
a proud title which it still keeps and by which it is 
known. It fought at Dettingen in 1 743, memorable 
as being the last battle in which a British King led 
his army in person. It was stationed at Jullundur 
on the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny. A detach- 
ment of the regiment performed an important 
service by securing the fort and magazine at 
Phillour. They marched from Jullundur to Delhi, 
in fourteen days, and with bayonet and rifle helped 
to clear the city of the mutineers. They took part in 
the relief of Agra, where they defeated 8,000 
mutineers and captured all their guns. They then 
proceeded to the relief of Lucknow and took part 
in other operation?. 

Nickname : " The Leather Hats." 

(Depot, Norwich.) ('Record Office, Warley.) 

Havannah," " Martinique, 1794," " Rolic.a," " Vimiera, 
Corunna," " Busaco," " Salamanca," " Vittoria, 
St. Sebastian," " Nive," "Peninsula," "Cabool, 1842, 
Moodkee," " Ferozeshah," " Sobraon," " Sevastopol, 
Kabul, 1879," " Afghanistan, 1 879-80." " Paardetmrg, 
" South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Yellow. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 
Regimental March, " Rule Britannia." 
Allied Regiment : 9th Australian Infantry Regiment. 


FORMED in 1695. The" Figure of Britannia" was 
awarded as a regimental badge to commemorate 
its heroic struggle against overwhelming num- 
bers at the battle of Almanza. It won much glory 
during the Peninsular War. At Roleia it bore the 
brunt of the enemy's attack, and at Corunna, where 
the gallant Sir John Moore met a soldier's death, to 
the regiment fell the melancholy honour of placing 
him in a soldier's grave. In the Afghan War of 
1 842, and in the Sikh War of 1 845 its bravery was 
conspicuous. At Ferozeshah the Sikhs had 1 00 guns, 
which they served with great effect, repulsing the first 
attack ; but the Ninth restored the day, bayoneting the 
Sikhs at their guns, and driving the enemy before them. 
Nicknames : " The Holy Boys," a name given 
them by the Spanish during the Peninsular War, 
from the fact that they wore the figure of Britannia 
on their cross-belts, which the Spaniards took to 
represent the Virgin Mary ; also " The Fighting 
Ninth, ' and " The Norfolk Howards." 

(Depo/, Lincoln.) (Record Office, Lichfield.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
"Peninsula," "Sobraon," "Mooltan," "Goojerat," "Punjaub," 
" Lucknow," " Atbara," " Khartoum," " Paardeberg," 

" S Uth Africa> 190 - 2 -" 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

T^egimental ^fTrcA, " The Lincolnshire Poacher." 

When first raised was the only blue coated infantry regiment. 

Allied Regiment : 1 9th " Lincoln " Regiment of Canada. 


FORMED from an Independent Company in 1685. 
It fought with distinction during Marlborough's 
campaign. Of its conduct in the Sikh War 
the Brigadier said, "The glorious conduct of the 
regiment at Sobraon is beyond any praise I could 
give it was the corner stone of the victory." 

During the Indian Mutiny it assisted to save Benares 
and Dinapore from the Sepoys and to bring the 
final rescue to the heroic defenders of Lucknow. 
The regiment took part in the famous march on 
Khartoum and in the battle of Atbara and 
Omdurman which broke the power of the Mahdi 
and placed Soudan under British control. It was 
also in the South African War, and again added 
to its fine reputation. 

It was (with the 62nd) nicknamed " The 
Springers," during the American War, from their 
readiness for action. " The Poachers " in allusion 
to the famous old ballad, which is played as the 
Regimental March. 



(Depot, Exeter.) (Record Office, Exeter.) 

" Dettingen," " Salamanca," " Pyrenees," *' Nivelle," " Nive," 
"Orthes," "Toulouse," "Peninsula," "Afghanistan, 1879-80," 
" Tirah," " Defence of Ladysmith," " Relief of Ladysmith," 

" South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Semper Fidelia (Ever faithful). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Lincoln Green. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 

T^egimenial JKCarch, " We've lived and loved together." 

The Regimental March owes its origin to a circumstance 

prior to the Battle of Salamanca. The 1 1 th found itself marching 

in close proximity to a French regiment. As no order to 

attack was given, the officers on either side saluted by lowering 

their swords, and at parting the British bandsmen struck up, 

out of compliment to their adversaries, the tune in question. 


FORMED in 1685. It displayed splendid bravery 
but was cut to pieces at Almanza in 1707. 
During the Peninsular War it gained great 
distinction. At Salamanca, the fierce character of the 
struggle may be gathered from the fact that only four 
officers and sixty-seven men of the regiment could be 
mustered at the close of the action, to hear, how- 
ever, words of praise seldom addressed to an 
individual regiment. At Toulouse for the second 
time during the war it shared in the supreme effort 
which turned the tide of victory. No record of the 
Devons would be complete which omitted the supreme 
gallantry of the regiment in the desperate fighting at 
Wagon Hill during the South African War. 

Nickname : " The Bloody Eleventh," from the 
number of casualties at the battle of Salamanca. 

Colonel Ridge leading the stormcrs at Badajoz. 

CDepot, Bury St. Edmunds.) (Record Office, Warlcy.) 

The Castle and Key, superscribed " Gibraltar, 1779-83." 

" Dettingen," " Minden," " Seringapatam," " India," " South 

Africa, 1851-2-3," " New Zealand," " Afghanistan, 1878-80." 

" South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Yellow. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cop, Blue. 
"Regimental <9XCarch, " Speed the plough." 
Allied Regiment, 3rd (Auckland) Regiment (" Countess of 
Ranfurly's Own "), New Zealand. 


FORMED in 1685. At Dettingen, under King 
George II, it took part in the final charge 
which assured the victory the last occasion 
on which a British King personally commanded his 
troops in action. It was one of the six British Infantry 
regiments which at Minden shattered the French 
cavalry, and finally drove out of the field every body 
of troops opposed to them. The Duke of Brunswick 
who commanded the forces said : " It was here the 
British Infantry gained immortal glory." Its services 
in the defence of Gibraltar are commemorated by 
the Castle and Key and Motto. At the storming 
of Seringapatam it captured eight stands of colours. 
For this splendid behaviour during their two years' 
defence of Gibraltar was given the crest and motto 
they now wear. 

Nickname : The " Old Dozen." The men wear 
roses in their caps on August 1 st in commemoration 
of the Battle of Minden, 1 759. 

(Dtpol, Taunton.) {Record Office, Exeter.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

A Mural Crown, superscribed " Jellalabad." 

"Gibraltar. 1704-5," " Dettingen," " Martinique, 1 809," 

"Ava," "Ghuznee. 1839," " Affghanistan, 1 839," 

"Cabool, 1842," "Sevastopol" "South Africa, 1 878-9,' 

" Burmah, 1885-87," " Relief of Ladysmith." 

"South Africa. 1899-1902." ' 
Unifirm, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Hemd-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Dark green. 

f^egimental Jttarch, " Prince Albert's March." 

Allied Regiment, 1 3th " Royal Regiment " of Canada. 

The Sergeants wear the sash on the left shoulder in memory of the 

Battle of Culloden, where all the officers fell and the remnant ol 

the regiment was brought out of action by the surviving sergeants. 

This is the only regiment in the service not designated " Royal " 

wearing Royal Blue facings. 

Light Infantry) 

RAISED in 1 685. While fighting in Spain, 1 706- 1 3, 
the regiment fought as dragoons. It earned 
a brilliant record in Afghanistan, 1839-42. 
After storming Ghuznee it was ordered to Jellala- 
bad which detached post it gallantly held. The 
massacre of the Cabul force inspired the Afghans 
to fiercer efforts against Jellalabad ; but in spite 
of news of disaster, the enemy, and even nature 
itself, for over 100 shocks of earthquake shook 
the ruined walls the brave Somersets defied them 
all. At length they sallied out and decisively 
defeated the Afghans. This " Illustrious Garrison," 
as it was termed by the Government of India, was 
received on its return by special honours in all can- 
tonments through which it passed- For its services 
it received its present title, and a mural crown super- 
scribed " Jellalabad." Nicknamed " The Bleeders." 

(Defiol, York.) CRccird Office. York.) 

The Royal Tiger, superscribed " India." 

" Namur, 1 695," " Tournay," " Corunna," " Java," 

" Waterloo," " Bhurtpore," " Sevastopol," " New Zealand," 

" Afghanistan, ! 879-80," " Relief of Ladysmith," 

"South Africa, 1899- 1 902." 

Motto : Nee atpcra terrent (Nor do difficulties defer). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facingi, Buff. Head-dras, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

fyegtmentml Jttarch, " Ca ira." 
Allied Regiment, 1 6th ( Waikato) Regiment of New Zealand. 

(West Yorkshire Regiment) 

RAISED in 1 685. It shared in the defence of Gib- 
raltar in 1 727, and added very considerably to 
its laurels in the wars of 1 793-4. In an attack 
on the French camp at Famars, 23rd May, 1 793, it 
not only gained a victory, but also its regimental march. 
Among the pieces of music which fanned the fiery zeal 
of the French was " a ira," to the strains of which 
they hurled themselves with impetuosity on the British 
troops. The colonel however, with a magnificent 
inspiration called out to his men " Come along, 

my lads, we'll break them to theii own d d 

tune," and bade his drummers strike up " a ira." 
The effect was irresistible, and the French found them- 
selves flying from the sound of their own martial air. 
The regiment fought with characteristic bravery at 
Corunna, in Java, at Waterloo, in India, in the 
Crimea, New Zealand, and South Africa, reaping 
the highest commendation for gallantry and devotion 

Nicknames: " The Old and Bold " and " Calvert's 

CDepot, Beverley.) (Record Office. York.) 

" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 

" Louisburg," " Quebec, 1 759, " " Martinique, 1 762," 

"Havannah," "St. Lucia, 1778," "Martinique 1794. 1809," 

" Guadaloupe, 1810." " Afghanistan, 1 879-80," 

" South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. 

Head-dreta, Helmet 

Facings, White. 
Cap, Blue. 

Regimental tffiarch, * Yorkshire Lass." 

The officers wear a black line in the top and bottom of the lace, 
as a memento of General Wolfe's death. 


RAISED in 1685. The regiment went to Holland 
with Marlborough, and bore a distinguished 
part in all his campaigns. It was one of the 
five regiments which commenced the battle of Blen- 
heim by an attack on the entrenched village of that 
name, moving up steadily under a withering fire 
without returning a shot, until their leader, General 
Rowe, struck his sword into the palisades. It fought 
at Ramillies, at Oudenarde, and at Malplaquet, and 
bore an active part at Tournay. It went to Quebec 
with Wolfe, who specially commended the steadiness 
of the regiment. It fought in the great battle on the 
heights of Abraham, and after Wolfe's fall served in 
the conquest of Canada. Has a splendid record of 
bravery in many other battles- 
Nicknames : " The Snappers," from an incident in 
the American War, where, the ammunition having 
given out, they continued to snap their firelocks with 
undaunted determination. The enemy retired, misled 
by their aspect and bravery ; also called the " Poona 

(Depot, Bedford.) (Record Office, Warley.) 

"Namur, 1695," "Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," 

" Malplaquet," "Surinam," " Chitral," 

" South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 
Cap, Blue. 

T^eglmental JKarch, " Mountain Roie." 


RAISED in 1688. It served all through Marl- 
borough's campaigns, and its gallant conduct in 
no less than thirty-four successful battles and 
sieges firmly established its reputation. It was at 
the siege of Lille, where one of the sergeants, Littler, 
performed gallant service by swimming the river with 
a hatchet, and, in the face of the enemy single handed 
cut the fastenings of a drawbridge. It took part in the 
battle of Dettingen, where the French generously com- 
mended their bravery, and declared they saw them 
advancing, not like men, but devils, in the face of 
whole batteries, which fired directly into them, sweep- 
ing down all ranks without being able to break them. 
As part of the Chitral Relief Expedition it took part 
in the storming of the Malakand Pass. This expedition 
was an example of sturdy perseverance in the face of 
obstacles, which it is not possible for those who have 
not served on the Northern Frontier of India to realise. 

Nicknames : " The Old Bucks " ; also known as 
"The Peacemakers," from the ferocity with which 
it was wont to attack the enemy, who were generally 
glad to quickly make peace. 

("Depo/, Leicester.) (Record Office, Lichfield.) 

The Royal Tiger, superscribed " Hindootn." 

"Namur, 1695," "Louisburg." " Martinique, 1762," 

"Havannah," " Ghuznee. 1 839." " Khelat," "Afghanistan. 

1839." "Sevastopol," "AliMasjid," " Afghanistan, 1 878-79," 

" Defence of Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cop, Blue. 
"Regimental March, " Romaika." 

The officers wear a black line in their lace to commemorate the 
death of General Wolfe at Quebec, and the band always plays 
" Wolfe's Lament," immediately before the National Anthem. 


RAISED in 1688. It took part in the earlier 
portion of Marlborough's campaigns and 
then proceeded to Spain, where it fought at 
the battle of Almanza with desperate courage 
against overwhelming numbers. It also took part 
in the conquest of Canada. In 1804 it proceeded 
to India, where, during a period of 1 8 years, it took 
a distinguished part in building up our mighty Indian 
Empire. Its services were specially acknowledged 
by the grant of the badge of the " Royal Tiger" 
with the word " Hindoostan," as a lasting testimony 
of the exemplary conduct of all ranks during its 
service in India from 1804 to 1823. In 1838 it 
was with the army which forced its way through 
Scinde capturing Hyderabad and Kurrachee. 

Nicknames : " Lily Whites," from their facings ; 
also " Bengal Tigers," from it* badge, a Royal 

(Depot, Clonmel.) (T^ccorJ Office, Cork.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Ef ypt." 
The Dragon, superscribed " China." 

"Namur, 1695," "Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," 
" Malplaquet." "Pegu," "Sevastopol" " New Zealand," 
" Afghanistan. 1 879-80," " Tel-el-Kebir," " Egypt, 1 882." 

"Nile, 1884-85," " South Africa, 1900-02." 
Motto : Virtutii Namurcensia Prasmium (The Reward of 

Valour at Namur). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 
Regimental March, " Garry Owen." 

Allied Regiment, 7th (Wellington West Coast) Regiment of 
New Zealand. 


RAISED in 1 683. After serving afloat as Marines 
it went to Flanders, where its splendid valour 
at the assault on the Castle of Namur on 
20th August, 1695, won for it the admiration of the 
whole of the Allied army. This gallant feat, 
performed under the eyes of the King, won for the 
regiment the distinguished title of the Royal 
Regiment of Foot of Ireland, and the King con- 
ferred upon it the right of displaying the badge of 
the harp and crown, and that of the lion of 
Nassau, with the motto " Virtutis Namurcensis 
Prasmium." Was one of the Irish Regiments which 
fought so gallantly in South Africa and to whose 
bravery the Irish Guards were raised in 
commemoration. "The Royal Irish" is the only 
one now in existence out of nineteen regiments 
raised in Ireland from independent companies of 
musketeers and pikemen. 

Nicknames : " The Namurs," and " Paddy's 

(Depot, Richmond.) (Record Office. York.) 

" Malplaquet," " Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," 

" Tirah," " Relief of Kimberley," " Paardeberg," 

" South Africa. 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Grass green. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cop, Blue. 
T^egimenlal March, " Bonnie English Rose." 


WALES'S OWN (Yorkshire Regiment) 

RAISED in 1688. Its first services were in 
Flanders, where it fought at the siege and 
capture of Namur. It took part in the most 
sanguinary of Marlborough's victories, the battle of 
Malplaquet, besides engaging in several of the sieges 
which constituted the latter part of the campaign. 
The massacre in Ceylon of a detachment of the 
regiment, consisting of 1 78 officers and men, forms 
one of the most tragic episodes in military history. 
The remainder of the regiment was speedily in the 
field to avenge those slaughtered, and an ample 
retribution was exacted from the treacherous 
Candyans. During the Crimean war it nobly upheld 
its reputation, and the regiment fought with splendid 
bravery in the Tirah campaign, and in South Africa, 
being present at the relief of Kimberley, and the 
battle of Paardeberg. It added to its great name in 
the great war on the Continent. 

Nickname : " The Green Howards," from its 
facings, and the name of its first Colonel. 


(Depot, Bury.) (Record Office, Preston.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Dettingen," " Minden," " Egmont-op-Zee," " Maida," 
"Vimiera," " Corunna." "Vittoria," "Pyrenees." "Orthes," 
"Toulouse," "Peninsula," "Alma." " Inkerman," 
"Sevastopol," " Lucknow," "Khartoum," " Relief of Lady- 

smith," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Omnia Audax (Daring Everything). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. 

Head-dress, Racoon-skin cap with primrose plume on left side. 

Cop, Blue. 
Regimental 3&arch, " British Grenadiers." 


RAISED in 1688. It won lasting fame on the 
historic field of Minden. So heavy were its 
losses on that day that Prince Ferdinand 
directed the regiment to be excused from further 
duty. This they declined to accept, and a General 
Order records that " Kingsley's Regiment, at its 
own request, will resume its portion of duty in the 
line." In addition to the battle honour a laurel wreath 
was ordered to be worn on the colours and appoint- 
ments. These glorious memories are recalled by the 
regimental custom of wearing " Minden Roses " in 
the caps on each 1 st August. Its bravery through- 
out the Peninsular War was conspicuous, and the 
Duke of Wellington, when presenting it with Colours 
in 1 838, said : " I declare that of the many dis- 
tinguished regiments of the British Army, which I 
have had the honour to command, this, the best and 
most distinguished, is entitled to all the eulogiums 
I may have bestowed upon it." 

Nicknames : The " Two Tens " from its number, 
also " The Minden Boys," and " Kingsley's Stand." 

(Depot, Ayr.) (Record Office, Hamilton.) 
( " Blenheim," "Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet,** 
' Dettingen," " Martinique, 1 794," " Bladensburg," " Alma," 
"Inkerman." "Sevastopol," "South Africa, 1879," "Burma, 
1885-87," "Tirah," " Relief of Ladysmith," "South Africa, 

Motto : Nemo me impune laceuit (No one provokes me 

with impunity). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facingt, Blue. Trews, of Sutherland tartan. 

Head-dress, Sealskin cap with white plume on right side. 

Cap, Glengarry, with scarlet, white and green diced border. 

T^egimental March, " British Grenadiers." 


RAISED in 1678. It was one of the brave 
battalions which steadily marched to the 
attack on the village of Blenheim until the 
palisades were reached, without firing a shot in 
reply to the tempest of shot which greeted them. 
At Ramillies, at Oudenarde, on the red field of 
Malplaquet, the most fiercely fought of Marlborough's 
victories, and in numerous minor engagements, its 
conduct was ever conspicuous. Under the brave 
" Sheriff " Agnew, the Sir Andrew Agnew whose 
name is familiar to readers of Scott, it fought at 
Dettingen. The regiment delivered a volley, and 
charged the cavalry with the bayonet, nearly 
annihilating a French corps. King George II. 
witnessed the movement and its result, and praised 
all ranks for their great gallantry. The regiment 
has fought in all parts of the world since, and with 
equal distinction. 

Nicknamed : " Earl of Mar's Grey Breeks/'from 
the colour of the men's breeches at the time the 
regiment was raised (1678). 



(Depot, Chester.) (Record Office, Shrewsbury.) 

"Louisburg," "Martinique, 1762," "Havannah," "Meeanee," 
"Hyderabad," "Scinde," " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Buff. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 
Regimental March, " Wha wadna' fecht for Charlie." 


RAISED in 1689, and was present at the battle of 
Dettingen, where King George II. commanded 
in person. The King was at one time hotly 
pressed by the French cavalry, when a detachment 
formed round him under an oak tree and drove the 
enemy away. The King plucked a leaf off the tree 
and, handing it to the commander, desired the regi- 
ment to wear it in memory of their gallant conduct. 
The oakleaf is now worn in the head-dress, and on 
the colours on September 12th, and on ceremonial 
parades. In 1 795 it recruited its ranks with poor- 
house boys between the ages of twelve and sixteen. 
Amongst the boys who joined was John Shipp, 
an orphan, who performed the unique feat of 
twice winning a commission from the ranks before 
he was thirty years old, for conspicuous bravery in 
the field. In 1 843 it formed part of the force under 
Sir Charles Napier which destroyed the Indian 
desert stronghold of Emaun Ghur an enterprise 
characterised as one of the most curious and danger- 
ous military feats ever known. 
Nicknames : The " Two Twos " ; also in 1 795 the 
" Red Knights," from being served out with all red 
clothing ; also known as the " Lightning Conductors." 



(Depot, Wrexham.) (Record Office, Shrewsbury.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

'Namur, 1695." "Blenheim," " Ramillies," "Oudenarde." 
' Malplaquet," " Dettingen," " Minden," " Corunna," 
'Martinique, 1809." "Albuhera." "Badajoz," "Salamanca," 
' Vittoria." " Pyrenees." " Nivelle," " Orthes," "Toulouse," 
'Peninsula." "Waterloo," "Alma," "Inkerman," 
'Sevastopol," " Lucknow," " Ashantee, 1873-4," "Burma, 
1885-87," "Relief of Ladysmith," "South Africa, 

1899-1902," "Pekin, 1900." 
Motto : Nee aspcra terrcnt (Difficulties do nt dismay us). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Racoon-skin cap with white plume on right side. 

Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 

Regimental JXCarch, " British Grenadiers." 

All ranks wear "The Flash,*' a bow of broad black silk ribbon 

with long ends attached to the back of the tunic collar. 


RAISED in 1 689. In the Crimean War, at Alma 
it captured a Russian gun, which is now 
at the Depot, Wrexham. It wai during this 
action that Sergeant Luke O'Connor gained 
hit Victoria Cross and a commission, and lived 
to attain the rank of General. The regiment has 
(ought in all parts of the world and has a splendid 
roll of battle honours. 

Nicknamed " The Nanny Goats " and " The 
Royal Goats," from its custom of having a goat 
led at the head of the drums. Regimental custom 
prescribes that on St. David's night, the 1 st of March, 
every officer or guest who has never eaten a leek 
before, shall eat one, standing in his chair with 
one foot on the table, while a drummer beats a 
roll behind him. 


L'cntentc curdiale. 





K, \ 


-" 2 

(Depot, Brecon.) (Record Office, Shrew*bury.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

"Blenheim," " Ramillies," "Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
"Cape of Good Hope, 1806," " Talavera," " Busaco," 
" Fuentes d'Onor," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," 
"Nivelle," "Orthes," "Peninsula," " Chillianwallah," 
"Goojerat," " Punjaub," " South Africa, 1 877-8-9," "Burma, 

1885-87," "South Africa, 1900-02." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Grass green. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

T^egimental JXCarch, " Men of Harlech." 
A silver wreath is borne on the staff of the King's Colour of 
both battalions to commemorate the devoted gallantry of 
Lieutenants Melville and Coghill in saving that colour from the 
hands of the Zulus, after the Battle of Isandlwana, and as a 
tribute of appreciation of the gallant defence of Rorke's 
Drift. 1879. 


RAISED in 1689, the regiment has one of the 
most remarkable histories in the British 
Army, having twice being almost annihilated, 
at Chillianwallah, 1849, where 23 officers and 527 
men were killed and wounded, the regiment being 
brought out of action by the quartermaster ; and in 
1879 at Isandlwana, where hardly a man escaped 
death. The gallant defence of Rorke's Drift by 
one company roused the wonder and admiration of 
the whole civilised world. The losses of the regiment 
in killed alone reached the appalling total of 21 
officers and 590 men. It had the proud distinction 
of having won more Victoria Crosses than any other 
corps in the British Army. 

Nicknamed " Howard's Greens," from its facings 
and its Colonel's name from 1717 to 1737. 


(Depot, Berwick-on-Tweed.) (T^ecord Office, Hamilton.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Namur, 1695," " Minden," " Egmont-op-Zee," " Martinique, 

1809," "Afghanistan, 1878-80," "Chitral," "Tirah," 

" Paardeberg," " South Africa. 1900-02." 

Mottoes : Nit Domlnus frualra (Without the Lord all your 

efforts are vain) ; In Vtrilale. Rellgionii confido (1 trust in the 

truth of religion) ; Nee aspera terrent (Nor do difficulties deter). 

Uniform, Scarlet doublet, with trews of Leslie tartan, the 

pipers being kilted and wearing the Royal Stewart tartan. 

Head-dress, Blue Kilmarnock Bonnet, with black plume. 

Cap, Glengarry, with scarlet, white and green diced border. 

Regimental Jftarch, " Blue bonnets over the border." 


RAISED in 1 689, in the space of four hours, by 
the Earl of Leven, in Edinburgh. At the 
siege of Namur, one of the strongest fortresses 
in Europe, it lost 20 officers and 500 men by 
the explosion of one of the enemy's mines. The 
Borderers, however, quickly recovered and routed 
the enemy at the point of the bayonet. The 
regiment was also one of the gallant six to 
participate in the glorious victory at Minden. 
Acting as Marines it participated in Lord Howe's 
glorious victory of 1st June, 1794. It has also 
fought with great credit in other parts of the world. 
They were sometimes called "The Botherers," and 
commonly " K.O.S.B's." Also nicknamed the 
" Kokky-Olly Birds." This regiment has the 
exclusive privilege of beating up for recruits in the 
streets of Edinburgh at any time without asking the 
leave of the Lord Provost. 

(Depot, Hamilton.) Cftecr</ Office, Hamilton.) 
The Sphinx, upercribed " Egypt.''^ 
The Dragon, superscribed " China." 

"Blenheim," " Ramilliei," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
"Mandora," "Corunna," "Martinique, 1 809," " Guadaloupe, 
1810," "South Africa, 1846-7," "Sevastopol," " Lucknow," 
"Abyisinia," "South Africa, 1877-8-9," "Relief of 
Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 

Uniform, Dark green doublet with green facingi and trewt of 

Douglas tartan. 
Head-Jras, Green chaco with black plume. 

Cop, Green glengarry. 
T^egimental MCarch, " Within a mile of Edinboro* town." 


THE Cameronians date from the revolution of 
1688, twenty companies of sixty men being 
raised within the space of 24 hours. Pro- 
ceeding to Flanders it fought bravely and with 
much distinction during Marlborough's campaigns. 
It was engaged in the capture of Martinique and 
Guadaloupe, where among other trophies of victory 
it took an " Eagle," the regimental standard of the 
French. It bore a distinguished part in the Crimean 
War. It also took part in the hottest fighting in the 
Mutiny and in the march through Abyssinia, and 
fought with great gallantry in the Zulu and South 
African campaigns. Two of our most Distinguished 
Field-MarshalsLord Wolseley, V.C., and Sir 
Evelyn Wood, V.C., served in this regiment. 

Nicknames: 1st Battalion " The Cameronians," 
and the 2nd Battalion " Perthshire Grey Breeks," 
from the colour of the men's breeches. 



(Depot, Omagh.) (Record Office, Dublin.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

"Martinique, 1762," " Havannah." "St. Lucia, 1778, 1796," 
"Maida," "Badajoz," "Salamanca," "Vittoria," "Pyrenees," 
" Nivelle," "Orthes." "Toulouse." " Peninsula," "Waterloo," 
" South Africa, 1835. 1846-7," " Central India," " Relief of 

Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 
Motto : Nee aspera terrent (Nor do difficulties deter). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Racoon-skin cap with grey plume on left side. 

Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

Tiegimental JKCarch," British Grenadiers." 

The regiment was the first to introduce the Irish war pipe into 

the Army. 


FORMED in 1689. Proceeding to the West 
Indies it greatly distinguished itself at the 
storming and capture of the citadel of 
St. Lucia. In recognition of " the steady and 
intrepid bearing of the officers and men of the 
regiment," Sir Ralph Abercromby directed that the 
garrison on marching out should lay down their 
arms to the Inniskillings. During the Peninsular 
War, at Castella, a French officer advancing in front 
of the line, challenged anyone in the regiment to 
single combat. His wish was immediately complied 
with by Captain Waldron, who after a few passes, 
laid the Frenchman dead. The Inniskillings then 
dashed forward with the bayonet, and the enemy 
broke and fled before their irresistible onslaught. The 
regiment has reaped honour and glory in all parts 
of the world. 

The 2nd Battalion were nicknamed "The Lumps." 

CDepot, Bristol.) ('Record' Office, Warwick.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Ramillies," " Louisburg," "Guadaloupe, 1759," "Quebec, 
1759," "Martinique, 1762," " Havannah," "jSt. Lucia, 1778." 
" Maida," "Corunna," "Talavera," " Busaco," "Barrosa," 
"Albuhera," "Salamanca," "Vittoria," "Pyrenees," "Nivelle," 
"Nive," "Orthes," "Toulouse," "Peninsula," "Waterloo," 
"Chillianwallah," "Goojerat," " Punjaub," " Alma," 
" Inkerman," "Sevastopol," "Delhi, 1857," "Defence of 
Ladysmith," "Relief of Kimberley," " Paardeberg," 
" South Africa, 1899-1902." 

, Helmet. 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. 
Cap, Blue. 
Regimental ZXCarch, " Kynegad Slashers." 


RAISED in 1 694, and has fought with the highest 
credit in all parts of the Empire, during 
which it has won several peculiar and highly 
cherished distinctions. Of its conduct at Chillianwallah 
the Duke of Wellington said, " the 61 st were mainly 
instrumental in gaining the victory." 

The 28th Regiment was nicknamed " The Old 
Braggs " in 1 750, from its Colonel's name, General 
Philip Braggs. Also the " Slashers," from their 
gallantry at the battle of the White Plains, and 
passage of the Brunx river in 1 777. A badge is 
worn on the back of the head-dress by both battalions 
of this regiment, given for the bravery of the 28th at 
Alexandria in 1 80 1 . They were attacked by French 
cavalry while in line, and there being no time to form 
square, the Colonel ordered the rear rank to " Right 
about face," and they succeeded in beating off the 
enemy, 7,000 in number. 

Nickname : 1st Battalion "The Back Numbers." 

CDepot, Worcester.) (Record Office, Warwick.) 

A Naval Crown, superscribed " 1st June, 1794." 
"Ramillies," "Mysore." "Hindoostan," "Rolica," "Vimiera." 
" Corunna," " Talavera," " Albuhera," " Salamanca," 
"Pyrenees." " Nivelle." " Nive," " Orthes," "Toulouse," 
" Peninsula," " Ferozeshah," " Sobraon," " Chillianwallah," 
"Goojcrat," "Punjaub," " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Motto : Firm. 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 
Regimental Jttarch, " The Windsor." 


THE regiment was raised in 1694 and won in 
action one of the proudest mottoes ever 
bestowed on a regiment, that of " Firm." 
The 29th was the last of the regiments in the 
Peninsula to retain the queue, in which the men 
fought at Vimiera, the officers wearing the old 
fashioned and picturesque cocked hats. 

Nicknames : " The Ever-sworded 29th" owing to 
a peculiar custom, which demands that the captain 
and subaltern of the day shall dine with their 
swords on. Up to the fifties all the officers sat 
down to dinner wearing their weapons, the custom 
having originated in 1746, when a part of the 
regiment, stationed at the Leeward Islands, was 
surprised without its arms, and treacherously 
murdered by the Indians. The "Vein Openers," 
given on account of its being the first to draw blood, 
in 1770, when the disturbances, which preceded 
the outbreak of the American War, commenced. 
They are also known as the" Old and Bold,'^"The 
Star of the Line," and " The Saucy Greeni." 


(Depot, Preiton.) (Record Office, Preston.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Gibraltar, 1704-5," "Cape of Good Hope, 1806," "Corunna." 
" Java," " Badajoz," " Salamanca," '* Vittoria," "St. Sebastian," 
"Nive," "Peninsula," "Waterloo," " Bhurtpore." "Alma," 
" Inkerman," " Sevastopol," " Canton," " Ahmad Khel," 
"Afghanistan, 1878-80." "Chitral," "South Africa, 1900-02." 

W Motto : Spectamur Agenda (We are judged by our actions). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 
f^egimental JXCarch, " Lancashire Lads." 


RAISED in 1694. When first formed it saw 
much eventful service as Marines, and served 
in the capture of Gibraltar in 1704, and 
in the great sea-fight off Malaga which followed. 
In January 1816, a battalion of the 59th was 
wrecked while proceeding to Ireland, and nearly 
the whole of the men perished. At Waterloo, 
after the British squares reformed line to make the 
final advance, the regiment left its formation plainly 
marked on the ground it had occupied by the square 
of dead and dying comrades who had fallen in the 
grim opposition to the enemy's cavalry and artillery. 
It fought with great distinction in the Crimea, China, 
Afghanistan and South Africa, winning the highest 
commendations everywhere. 

Nicknamed : "The Triple Xs," also ' The Three 
Tens." 59th Foot, "Lily Whites," from its facings. 


(Depot, Kingston.) (f^ecord Office, Hounslow.) 

' Gibraltar, 1 704-5," " Dettingen," " Martinique, 1 794," 
'Tolavera," " Guadaloupc, 1810," " Albuhera," "Vittoria," 
'Pyrenees," " Nivclle." " Nive." " Orthes," "Peninsula," 
'Cabool, 1842," "Moodkee," " Ferozeshah." "Aliwal," 
'Sobraon." "Sevastopol." "Taku Forts," " New Zealand." 
'Afghanistan, 1878-79," "Suakin, 1885." " Relief of 
Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1 899- 1 902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

Allied Regiment, 4th (Otago) Regiment of New Zealand. 
Regimental Jtfarch, "A Southerly Wind and a Cloudy Sky." 

The officers wear a black line in their lace to commemorate the 
death of General Wolfe at Quebec. 


RAISED in 1702 as a corps of Marines and for 
many years did splendid service ashore and 
afloat all over the world. The burning of 
the " Kent," East Indiaman, with a wing of the 
31st Regiment on board, in the Bay of Biscay, on 
1st May, 1824, forms one of the most thrilling 
episodes of heroism at sea British regimental history 
affords. During a storm the vessel caught fire 
and was totally destroyed. The discipline of the 
men under these terrible circumstances was beyond 
all praise, and in a great measure owing to this fact 
over 550 people out of 637 were saved. In the 
Sikh War they captured four standards. 

Nicknames : The 1 st Battalion (3 1 st Foot) was 
known as " The Young Buffs," to distinguish it from 
the 3rd (Old Buffs). The 2nd Battalion (70th 
Foot) was nicknamed the " Glasgow Greys." 

(Depot, Bodmin.) (Record Office, Exeter.) 

" Gibraltar, 1 704-05," " Dettingen," " St. Lucia, 1 778," 
' Dominica," " Rolica," " Vimiera," " Corunna," 
"Salamanca," "Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Nive," "Orthes," 
"Peninsula," "Waterloo," "Mooltan," "Goojerat," 
4 Punjaub," " Sevastopol," " Lucknow," " Tel-el-Kebir," 
Egypt, 1882," "Nile, 1884-85." "Paardeberg," "South 

Africa, 1899-1902." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Green with green band. 
Regimental March, "One and All." 


RAISED in 1702. In its early history it saw 
much varied service as Marines. The 2nd 
Battalion (46th Foot) in 1 777 was called the 
" Red Feathers," from the following circumstances. 
The light company took part in an attack against 
General Wayne's Brigade, near Brandywine Creek, 
in which the Americans were surprised and utterly 
defeated. The Americans vowed vengeance and 
swore that they would give no quarter ; the soldiers 
of the light company stained their feathers red as a 
distinguishing mark, so that the enemy could easily 
see whom to attack. This badge is still preserved 
in the brass feather and red cloth of the helmet and 
cap badge. They are also called " The Lace- 
demonians." The heroic defence of the Lucknow 
Residency, and the tragic fate of the detachment 
under Captain Moore, at Cawnpore, are treasured 
memories. The 46th are also known as " Murray's 
Bucks," ' The Surprisers," and " The Doc's " (from 
the initials). 

CDepot, Halifax.) (Record Office, York.) 

The Elephant, superscribed " Hindoostan." 

" Dettingen," " Mysore," " Seringapatam," " Ally Ghur," 

"Delhi, 1803," " Lewarree," " Deig," " Corunna." 

" Nive," " Peninsula," " Waterloo," " Alma," " Inkerman," 

" Sevastopol," " Abyssinia," " Relief of Kimberley," 

" Paardeberg," "South Africa, 1900-02." 

Motto : Virtutis fortuna comet (Fortune accompanies honour). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facing*, Scarlet. Head-dress, Helmet. 
Cap, Blue. 

Regimental fftCarch. " The Wellesley." 

The only regiment in the British Army named after a subject 
not of Royal blood. 


(West Riding RegimenU 

RAISED in 1702 as the 33rd Foot, and in 1814 
nicknamed "The Havercake Lads," its recruit- 
ing sergeants preceding the recruits with a haver 
or oatcake stuck on their swords. From its earliest 
days the regiment was distinguished for bravery in the 
field, being commended in 1 705-6 at the storming of 
Valentia d' Alcantara, and nearly annihilated at the 
battle of Almanza in 1 707. The same bravery has 
marked it through the centuries, and to-day it is 
showing that its ancient courage is maintained undi- 
minished. The Duke of Wellington served in it and 
afterwards commanded it, and the regiment was 
named after him. 

The 2nd Battalion (76th Foot) became known in 
1806 as *' The Old Immortals," most of its men 
having been wounded or died in the ten or twelve 
years previously ; " The Old Seven-and-Sixpennies," 
from its number; "The Hindoostan Regiment.** 

v, < 

(Depot, Carlisle.) (Record Office, Preston.) 

A Laurel Wreath. The Dragon, superscribed "China." 
"Havannah," " St. Lucia, 1778," "^ Albuhera," f " Arroyo 
dos Molinos," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Nive," 
"Orthes," " Peninsula," "Alma," "Inkerman," "Sevastopol," 
" Lucknow," " Relief of Ladysmith," " South Africa, 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Yellow. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

Regimental JXCarch, " John Peel." 

The laurel wreath borne on the colours is to commemorate its 

heroic conduct at the battle of Fontenoy, and is the only regiment 

to wear the honour '' Arroyo dos Molinos.* 


RAISED in 1 702. During the Peninsular War, 
at Arroyo dos Molinos it performed one of 
the most brilliant feats of the whole war ; 
single handed the battalion cut off and made 
prisoners many French officers of distinction, 
besides an entire battalion of the French 34th of 
the Line, the brass drums and drum-major's staff 
of which are still in possession of the 1 st Battalion. 
The 1st Battalion (34th Foot) was one of the "boy 
regiments " reformed in 1 797 and sent to the Cape 
to be acclimatised. The 2nd Battalion (55th Foot) 
are known a " The Two Fives," from their number. 
The " Dragon " badge commemorates the services 
of the 55th in China, and it had the unique distinction 
for many years of wearing the red and white feather 
in their chacos, with red on top. Both battalions 
met in the Crimea, and did fine service before 

Nickname : " The Cattle Reeves," from the old 
traditions of the Scottish Border. 


CDepof, Chichester.) (Record Office, Hounslow.) 

The White (Rousillon) Plume. 

"Gibraltar, 1704-05," "Louisburg." "Quebec, 1759," 
"Martinique, 1762," " Havannah," " St. Lucia, 1778," 
"Maida," "Egypt. 1882." "Abu Klea," " Nile. 1 884-85," 

"South Africa, 1900-02." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Helmet 

Cop, Blue with Scarlet Band 

f^egimental JXCarch, " The Royal Sussex." 

The Badge of the Maltese Cross is in memory of the capture 

of Malta. 


RAISED in 1701. At Quebec, in 1759, in combat 
with the Grenadiers of the famous French 
regiment of Royal Rousillon, it won the tall 
white feather which was a distinguishing mark of 
the 35th until 1810. It is now commemorated in 
the Regimental Badge. It took part in the capture 
of Malta, where after the successful assault on Fort 
Ricasoli, the last post held by the French garrison, 
the King's Colour of the 35th was the first flag 
hoisted over the old stronghold of the Knights, 
destined thenceforward as an outpost of the British 
Empire. The 1 st Battalion (35th Foot) was named 
the " The Orange Lilies," from the colour of its 
facings, which it received as a mark of special favour 
from King William III. in 1701. It was called on 
its formation at Belfast " The Belfast Regiment," 
and afterwards "The Prince of Orange's Own 
Regiment," but its orange facings were relinquished 
and changed to blue in 1832, on the corps pro- 
ceeding to Ireland. The 2nd Battalion (107th Foot) 
was raised in 1760 as the Queen's Own Royal 
British Volunteers. 


(Depot, Winchester.) (Record Office, Exeter.) 

The Royal Tiger, superscribed " India." 

" Blenheim," " Ramillies," " Oudenarde," " Malplaquet," 
"Dettingen," "Minden," "Tournay," "Barrosa," "Peninsula," 
"Taku Forts," " Pekin, 1860." " Charasiah," "Kabul, 1879," 
"Afghanistan, 1878-80," "Burma, 1885-87," " Paardeberg," 
"South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Yellow. Head-dress, Helmet. 
Cap, Blue. 

Regimental JXCarch, " The Hampshire." 
The 37th was the first British Regiment to march across India. 


RAISED in 1 702, and within a year was in Holland, 
and bore a gallant part in Marlborough's cam- 
paigns. Few regiments can show a more 
eventful record of service during the whole of its 
career, and it has won fame in all parts of the world. 
The 37th is one of the six British infantry regiments 
which fought at the battle of Minden, 1 st August, 
1 759 ; still commemorated in the regiment by the 
wearing of roses on the anniversary. 

The 2nd Battalion (67th Foot) was raised in 
1 756 and after arduous service in the West Indies, 
the Peninsula, and elsewhere it went to India, where 
it served for twenty-one years and bore a distinguished 
part in the capture, after a siege of eleven days, of the 
fortress of Asseerghur, regarded as the Gibraltar of 
the East. For its gallantry in India the crest of the 
Royal Tiger was bestowed. In subsequent service 
in the East the 67th took part in the attack on the 
Taku Forts, where four Victoria Crosses were won 
by Hampshire men. 

Nickname : " The Hampshire Tigers." 

(Depot, Lichfield.) (T^ecord Office, Lichfield.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

'Guadeloupe, 1759," "Martinique, 1762," " Monte Video," 
' Rolis," " Vimiera," " Corunna," " Busaco," " Badajoz," 
'Salamanca," "Vittoria," " St. Sebastian," " Nive," 
' Peninsula," "Ava," "Moodkee," " Ferozeihah," "Sobraon," 

Uniform, Scarlet. 

Head -dress, Helmet. 

Facings, White. 

Cap, Blue. 
Regimental <!%Circh, " Come, Lasies and Lads." 


RAISED in 1702. In 1706, the 38th embarked 
for the West Indies, where it remained for 
nearly sixty years, most of the time in the 
island of Antigua. When the trouble arose in 
America, the 38th was one of the first regiments to 
be despatched thither and fought at Bunker's Hill. 
In 1805 it landed in South Africa and helped to 
re-capture the Cape of Good Hope from the 
Dutch. The 2nd Battalion has been shipwrecked 
no less than three times. On the first occasion 
when proceeding to take part in Abercromby's 
campaign in Egypt, when the mess-plate and 
all the regimental records were lost ; again 
when returning to India on completion of the 
campaign; and again when proceeding to India 
from Australia in 1 844. Lord Wolseley commenced 
his distinguished career in this regiment. The 
1st Battalion (38th Foot) was called the "Pump and 
Tortoise," and the 2nd^ Battalion (80th Foot), the 
"Staffordshire Knots," and previously "The 
Staffordshire Volunteers. 1 * 


(Depot, Dorchester.) (Record Office, Exeter.) 

The Castle and Key, superscribed "Gibraltar. 1779-83." 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Plassey," " Martinique, 1 794," " Marabout," " Albuhera." 
" Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," ** Nive," ** Orthe," 
" Peninsula," " Ava," " Maharajpore," " Sevastopol." 
"Tirah." " Relief of Ladyimith," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Primus in Indit (First in India). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facing, Grass green. Head-tlreu, Helmet. 
Cap, Blue. 

"Regimental JXCarch, " The Dorsetshire." 

The 1 st Battalion is the proud possessor of a remarkable silver 

headed Drum-Major's Staff, which was presented to it by the 

Nawab of Arcot for its gallantry at the Battle of Plawey. 


RAISED in 1 702, and was soon afterwards in action. 
The regiment wa called " Sankey's Hone," 
because at the battle of Almanza, 1 707, the 
men were mounted on mules to enable them to 
arrive in time for the battle. It was the first King's 
regiment landed in India in 1 754, hence its proud 
legend " Primus in Indis" In 1 742, from its " sad 
green" was christened the "Green Linnets." 
The 2nd Battalion (54th Foot) was specially 
commended by the Commander-in-Chief for its re- 
markable gallantry and resolution when on board the 
" Sarah Sands" when that vessel took fire at sea having 
a large quantity of ammunition on board. 

The 2nd Battalion derived the name of " Flamers " 
in 1 78 1 , from the part they took in destroying twelre 
privateers, and the town and stores of New London 
(U.S.), by fire. It also won for the regiment the proud 
crest of the Sphinx and the honour " Marabout " by 
great gallantry in Egypt in 1801. 


CDepft, Warrington.) (Record Office, Shrewsbury.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Louisburg," " Martinique, 1 762," " Havannah," " St. Lucia, 
1778," "MonteVideo," " Rolica," "Vimiera," "Corunna," 
" Talavera," " Badajoz," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," 
"Pyrenees," "Nivelle," "Orthes," "Toulouse," "Peninsula," 
"Niagara," "Waterloo," " Candahar, 1 842," "Ghuznee, 
1842," "Cabool, 1842," " Maharajpore," "Sevastopol," 
" Lucknow," " New Zealand," " Relief of Ladysmith," 

"South Africa, 1899-1902." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

Tlegimental JXtarch, "God Bless the Prince of Wales." 

Allied Regiment, 9th (Wellington East Coast) Regiment of 

New Zealand. 

(South Lancashire Regiment) 

THE regiment (1st Battalion is the old 40th Foot) 
was raised in 1717, being formed from certain 
companies of infantry which for many years 
had been on duty in the West Indies, and remained 
for some 46 years longer in the West Indies and 
America, taking part in most of the historical 
military operations in that wonderful continent. On 
returning home the regiment was quickly on active 
service again on the Continent and in Egypt, and 
then had another spell of hard service in America, 
returning just in time to join Wellington's Army on 
the eve of Waterloo where they lost 25 killed and 
142 wounded. The 1st Battalion has the proud 
distinction of being one of the three regiments which 
served uninterruptedly throughout the Peninsular 
War from 1808-1814. ^ The 40th Foot was nick- 
named " The Excellers," from its number XL., also 
" The Fighting Fortieth." 

Drummer, Grenadier, 

55th Regiment, 1792. 55th Regiment, 1767. 

(Depot, Cardiff.) (Record Office, Shrewbry.) 

A Naval Crown, uper*cribed " 12th April, 1782." 

" Martinique, 1 762." " St. Vincent." " India," " Bourbon," 

"Java," "Detroit," " Queenstown," "Miami," "Niagara." 

"Waterloo," " Ava," " Candahar, 1842," " Ghuznee. 1 842," 

"Cabool, 1842," "Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevatopol," 

" Relief of Kimberley," " Paardeberg," 

"South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto: Gvell angau na Chywilydd (Death before Dishonour). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-drets, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 
Tieglmental ZKCarch, " Ap Shenkin." 


THE 1 st Battalion (41 st Foot) was raised as a regi- 
ment of invalids in 1719, and it was for a long 
time known as the " 1st Invalids," and as such 
appears in most of the old "Army Lists." In the era 
of George II., it distinguished itself in Germany. 

The 2nd Battalion (the 69th Regiment) was known 
as " The Old Agamemnons,"so called by Lord Nelson 
at the naval battle of St. Vincent, from the name of 
his ship, the " Agamemnon," on which the regiment 
served as Marines ; also the " Ups and Downs" from 
the fact that their number can be read either way up. 

The regiment has fought with the greatest distinc- 
tion in many quarters of the world. The curious mili- 
tary arrangements which opened the door for abuse 
in bygone days are seen in the fact that Colonel Sir 
Henry Walton, K.C.B., who afterward? commanded 
the 23rd Regiment, received a commission on the day 
he was born, through the influence of his father, and at 
the age of four was gazetted Ensign in the 41st Foot 
on full pay, and at the age of thirteen was posted to 
the command of a company. 

Nickname : " Wardour's Horse." 

(Depot, Perth.) (Record Office, Perth.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed "Egypt." 
" Guadaloupe, 1 759," " Martinique, 1 762," " Havannah, 
" North America, 1763-64." "Mangalore." "Mysore, 
" Seringapatam," " Corunna," " Busaco," " Fuentes d'Onor.* 
" Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Nive," " Orthes." " Toulouse," 
"Peninsula." "Waterloo," " South Africa, 1846-7, 1851-2-3." 
"Alma," "Sevastopol," " Lucknow," "Ashantee, 1873-4," 
"Tel-el-Kebir," " Egypt, 1882. 1884," "Kirbekan." "Nile, 
1884-85," " Paardeberg," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Nemo me impune lacetsit (No one provokes me with 


Uniform, Scarlet. Fmcingt, Blue. Regimental Tartan. 
Head-drest, Feather bonnet, scarlet, white and green diced 
border, scarlet hackle. White sporran with five black tassels. 

Bine glmgarry cap. 

Regimental JKCarch. " Highland Laddie." 

The Pipers wear the feather bonnet the same as the men. 

being the only pipers to do so. 

Allied Regiments : 

5th Regiment " Royal Highlanders of Canada," and 1st Bn. 
New South Wales Scottish Rifle Regiment, Australia. 


(Royal Highlanders) 

THE 1st Battalion (42nd Foot) was raised in 1 730 
from six independent companies of Highlanders 
for the protection of Edinburgh, as a regi- 
ment of the watch. In 1751, it was numbered the 
42nd. On becoming amalgamated, the bright 
colours in the tartans were extracted, leaving only 
the dark green ground as a tartan, and from this 
circumstance rose the title "The Black Watch." 
In 1 794, for gallant conduct at the battle of Guilder- 
malsen, in Holland, it won the " red hackle " (on 
plume) which is worn in the men's feather bonnets. 
Known as the " Forty-Twas." 

(Depot, Oxford.) (Record Office, Warwick.) 

1 Quebec, f 1 759," " Martinique, 1 762," " Havannah," 
' Mysore,'* " Hindoostan," " Martinique, 1 794," " Viraiera," 
' Corunna," " Busaco," " Fuentes d'Onor," " Ciudad 
^odrigo," "Badajoz," "Salamanca," "Vittoria," "Pyrenees," 
' Nivelle," "Nive," "Orthes," "Toulouse," "Peninsula," 
Waterloo," ;; South Africa, 1 85 1 -2-3." " Delhi, 1 857," 
' New Zealand," " Relief of Kimberley." " Paardeberg," 
" South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Green with green band. 

l^egimenlal JXCarch, " Nachtlager in Granada." 

Allied Regiments, 52nd Regiment (Prince Albert Volunteer*) 

of Canada and 6th (Hauraki) Regiment of New Zealand. 

The Officers, alone among the infantry, have the privilege of 
wearing white (trip collars with the frock coat. 


RAISED in 1741 and was dispatched almost at 
once on active service, serving at Minorca, 
Canada (taking part in the capture of Quebec), 
Martinique, and Havannah. The 43rd and 52nd, 
with the Rifle Brigade, made up the famous Light 
Infantry Brigade trained by Sir John Moore at 
Shorncliffe, and so laid the foundation for many 
famous victories in the Peninsula. The splendid 
service rendered by the Light Infantry in subsequent 
years is a matter of history. The regiment was so 
often chosen for leading the storming parties, that a 
badge "V.S." (Valiant Stormer) was granted to 
the men. 

Nicknamed " The Light Bobs," a term that was 
applied generally to Light Infantry regiments. 

(Depot, Warley.) (RtcorJ Office, Warley.) 

The Castle and Key. superscribed "Gibraltar. 1779-83." 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." An Eagle. 
" Moro," " Havannah," " Badajor," " Salamanca," 
"Peninsula," " Bladensburg," "Waterloo/' "Ava," " Alma/| 
"Inkerraan," "Sevastopol," "Taku Forts," "Nile, 1884-85," 
" Relief of Kimberley, " Paardeberg," " South Africa, 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 

T^egimcnlal March, " The Essex." 

At the Battle of Salamanca, 1812, the Eagle of the 62nd 

French regiment of the line was captured by the 44th. Thi 

trophy is now in the Chapel of Chelsea Hospital. 


RAISED in 1 749 and during its long and eventful 
career has added lustre to the glory of the 
British Army. The 44th was the only British 
infantry regiment in Cabul, in the ill-fated 1 84 1 cam- 
paign, and with all the native troops perished while 
attempting to reach Jellalabad. The story of the 
heroism of all ranks in that great disaster is a 
proud tradition in the regiment. The 1 st Battalion 
(44th Foot) was known as the " Two Fours " from its 
number, also " The Little Fighting Fours." The 2nd 
Battalion (56th Foot) was nicknamed " The Pompa- 
dours," from the circumstance that, in 1 755, when 
the regiment was raised, its facings were a crimson 
or puce colour, called in those days, Pompadour, after 
the notorious French lady who patronised it. It 
formed part of the gallant garrison of Gibraltar who 
successfully withstood the ten years' siege by the 
French and Spanish forces. 

The Drums and Fifes. 

(Record Office, Lichfield.) 

"Louisburg," "Rolica," "Vimiera," " Talavera," " Busaco," 
" Fuentes d'Onor," " Ciudad Rodrigo," " Badajoz," 
"Salamanca," " Viltoria," "Pyrenees," "Nivelle," "Orthes," 
"Toulouse," "Peninsula," "Ava," " South Africa, 1846-7," 
" Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," " Central India," 
" Abyssinia," " Egypt, 1 882," " Tirah," " South Africa, 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Lincoln green. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 

T^egimental 3arch, " Young May Moon." 

The tradition concerning the regimental march is that the 
regiment, in order to be present at the storming of Badajoz, 
tet out on a long and arduous night march across some very 
rough country, the band playing "The Young May Moon," 
which the Colonel thereatter adopted as the regimental 



(Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regt.) 

RAISED in 1741, the regiment has rendered 
loyal service to King and country in all parts 
of the Empire, and has on more than one 
occasion received the thanks of General officers for 
their very fine fighting qualities. The 1 st Battalion 
has the proud distinction of being one of the three 
regiments which served uninterruptedly throughout 
the Peninsular War from 1808 to 1814. 

The 1st Battalion (45th Foot) was known as 
"The Old Stubborns" from their splendid bravery at 
the battle of Talavera, and " Sherwood Foresters," 
in reference to the traditions of the county of 
Nottingham. They claim descent from Robin Hood 
and his merry men. 


CDcpot, Preston.) (Record Office, Preston.) 

1 Louisburg." * Quebtc, 1 759," " Maida," " Corunna," 

1 Tarifa," " Vittoria." " St. Sebastian," " Nive." " Peninsula," 

1 Ava," " Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol." " AH Masjid," 

" Afghanistan, 1 878-79." " Defence of Kimberley," 

" South Africa, 1899-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 

"Regimental March, " The Red Rose." 


THIS, the only Regular Infantry in the Army 
entitled to the word " Loyal " as part of their 
proud title, was raised in 1 740 in Scotland, 
and was with Sir John Cope at Falkirk, and helped 
to defend Edinburgh Castle against the rebels in 
1 745. It afterwards went to America, was at the 
capture of Quebec, the capture of Martinique, and 
many other famous actions. The 2nd Battalion has 
added its quota to the splendid record standing to 
the credit of the Regiment, its work during the 
Indian Mutiny being specially brilliant. 

The 1st Battalion (47th Foot) was nicknamed 
" The Cauliflowers," from their facings, and " The 
Lancashire Lads." It was known at Quebec as 
" Wolfe's Own," and wears a black line in the lace 
as an expression of sorrow for his death. 

The 2nd Battalion (81st Foot) possessed a 
highly-prized title in that of the " Loyal Lincoln 


(Depot, Northampton.) (Record Office, Warley.) 
The Castle and Key, superscribed " Gibraltar^! 779-83." 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

Louisburg," "Quebec, 1759." "Martinique, 1762," 
'Havannah." " Martinique, 1794," "Maida," " Douro," 
' Talavera," " Albuhera," " Badajoz," " Salamanca," 
4 Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Orthes," " Toulouse," 
' Peninsula," " New Zealand," " Sevastopol," " South Africa. 
1879," "Tirah," " M odder River," "South Africa, 1899- 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 

"Regimental March, " The Northamptonshire." 

Allied Regiment: 15th (North Auckland) Regiment of 

New Zealand. 



THE two Battalions were raised in 1740 and 
1 755, and were brought together quite early 
in their careers, fighting side by side at 
Louisburg, at Quebec, and again at Salamanca, 
Vittoria, and in the Pyrenees. The regiment has 
seen active service in many parts of the world, and 
it is stated was the first to realise the value of 
modern musketry, through the bitter experience 
gained in the first Boer War. So impressed was 
the commanding officer by the terrible casualties 
suffered at the hands of the Boer marksmen, that 
he vowed he would make his battalion the best 
shooting unit in the Army, and after the war suc- 
ceeded in so doing. 

Nicknamed " The Steelbacks," so called from the 
unflinching manner in which the men took their 
floggings ; also called " The Black Cuffs." 

(Depot, Reading.) (Record Office, Warwick.) 

The Dragon, superscribed " China." 

"St. Lucia, 1778," " Egmont-op-Zee," "Copenhagen," 
' Douro," " Talavera," " Albuhera." " Queenstown," 
Vittoria," "Pyrenees,'^ " Nivelle," " Nive." " Orthes," 
"Peninsula," "Alma," " Inkerman," "Sevastopol," 
'Kandahar, 1880," "Afghanistan, 1879-80," "Egypt, 1882." 
Tofrek," "Suakin, 1885," "South Africa. 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

Regimental March, " Dashing White Sergeant." 

(Royal Berkshire Regiment) 

THE 1st Battalion (49th Foot) was raised in 1714, 
and had nearly eighty years West Indian and 
American service. On returning, the regi- 
ment was employed in subduing the mutiny in the 
Navy at the Nore, and then as Marines took part 
in the naval battle of Copenhagen. In 1803 the 
regiment again went to America, taking part in 
the operations against the United States. Active 
service in South Africa, China, and the Crimea 
added further to the good name of the regiment, 
the title " Royal " being bestowed for conspicuous 
gallantry at the action of Tofrek in the Sudan in 
1885. The 2nd Battalion (66th Foot) was raised 
in 1 755, and has an equally glorious record, being 
in 1814-16 reputed to be the finest and best 
disciplined regiment in Bengal. In the Afghan 
War the regiment fought at Maiwand, where 
their heroic stand, while suffering fearful losses, is 
remembered with pride in the Army. 

The regiment is sometimes referred to as " The 
Biscuit Boys " on account of their depot being at 



(Depot, Maidstone.) (Record Office, Hounslow.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Vimiera," " Corunna," " Almaraz," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," 
"Nive," "Orthes," "Peninsula," " Punniar," " Moodkee," 
' Ferozeshah." " Aliwal," " Sobraon," " Alma," " Inkerman," 
"Sevastopol," " Lucknow," "New Zealand," "Egypt, 1882," 
"Nile, 1884-85," " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Motto : 
Qyo Fas el Gloria ducunt (Where Duty and Glory lead). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 

Regimental ff&arch, " A Hundred Pipers." 
Allied Regiment : 1 st (Canterbury) Regiment of New 


The officers wear blue velvet facings, and on becoming a Royal 

Regiment, in 1831, it was specially authorised to adhere to the 

velvet for its officers' facings. 

(Royal West Kent Regiment) 

RAISED in 1 755, and given black facings, which 
were retained till the " Royal " title wai 
bestowed in 1 83 1 . No regiment has a more 
honourable record of service. The brunt of the 
battle of Corunna fell on the 50th, whom Sir John 
Moore congratulated during the battle, calling out 
" Well done, 50th ! well done ! " 

Nicknames : " The Blind Half-Hundred," and 
" The Dirty Half-Hundred," from the men in 
action and in " sweating " weather wiping their 
faces with their black cuffs ; also " The Devil's 
Royals." During the war in Spain, at the battle of 
Vimiera, 1 807, the 50th completely routed the enemy, 
and received the title of " The Gallant Fiftieth." 

The 2nd Battalion (97th Foot) nicknamed "The 
Celestials," from its former sky-blue facings. 


t, Pontefract.) (Reaord Office. York.) 

"Minden," "Corunna," " Fuentes d'Onor," "Salamanca," 
" Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Orthes," " Peninsula." 
" Waterloo," " Pegu." " Ali Masjid," " Afghanistan, 
1878-80," "Burma, 1885-87," " M odder River," "South 
Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Cede nullit (Yield to none). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Dark green. 
Regimental ZKCarch, " Jockey to the Fair." 

Allied Regiment, 105th Regiment (Saskatoon Fusilieri) of 

THE KING'S OWN (Yorkshire 
Light Infantry). 

THE 1 st Battalion (5 1 st Foot) was raised in 1 756 
and was "Yorkshire" from its birth, being 
intimately connected with the West Riding. 
It performed gallant service in all parts of the 
world, reaping with the 2nd Battalion (105th Foot), 
raised in 1839, a rich harvest of "honours," all of 
which, however, do not figure on the colours. Sir 
John Moore served as an ensign and a field officer 
in the regiment, and it came under his command in the 
famous retreat to Corunna, during which the Light 
Division rendered signal service in the rear guard. 
The 2nd Battalion was originally a regiment in the 
pay of the East India Company, and came to England 
for the first time in 1 874. 

Nickname : The " Kolis," that word being formed 
of the initial letters of the words which composed 
their regimental title King's Own Light Infantry. 


(Depot, Shrewsbury.) (T^ecord* Office, Shrewsbury.) 

"Nieuport," "Tournay." "St. Lucia, 1796," "Talavera," 
" Fuentes d'Onor," "Salamanca," " Vittoria," "Pyrenees," 
"Nivelle," "Nive," "Toulouse," "Peninsula," " Bladens- 
burg," " Aliwal," " Sobraon," " Gooierat," " Punjaub," 
"Lucknow," "Afghanistan, 1879-80, " Egypt, 1 882," 
"Suakin, 1885," " Paardeberg," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Auclo splendor e rcsurgo (I rise with increased 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Dark green, with green band. 
l^egimental 3KCarch, "OldTowIer." 

THE KING'S (Shropshire Light 

RAISED in 1 755. This regiment is the only one 
to bear the honour "Nieuport," on its colours, 
winning this in 1793 by gallantly defending 
that town against a surprise attack by the enemy. 
At Tournay the regiment, with the 1 4th and 37th, 
by a forced march reached the battlefield at a most 
opportune moment and decided the day in favour of 
the British. The regiment was in St. Helena 
during the time Napoleon was held captive there, 
and that great soldier spoke frequently in tones of 
high praise of its conduct. It has maintained that 
good name throughout its subsequent career. 

Nicknames: The 1 st Battalion (53rd Foot) "The 
Brickdusts," from their facings, which were red at 
one time ; also " Old Five and Threepences," from 
its number. The 2nd Battalion (85th Foot) 
" Elegant Extracts," it being re-formed with officers 
picked from other regiments. 

(Depot, Mill Hill.) (Record Offict, Hounslow.) 
" Mysore,' " Seringapatam," " Albuhera," " Ciudad Rodrigo," 
" Badjoz," "Vittoria," "Pyrenees," " Nivelle,"^" Nive," 
" Peninsula," " Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," " New 
Zealand," " South Africa. 1879," " Relief of Ladysmith," 

" South Africa, 1900-02." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Lemon yellow. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 

"Regimental Marche$, 1st and 3rd Battns.,"Sir Manley Power"; 

2nd and 4th Battns., " Paddy's Resource." 

Allied Regiments, 57th Regiment (Peterborough Rangers) of 

Canada ; 77th Wentworth Regiment of Canada ; and 

11th Regiment (Taranaki Rifles) of New Zealand. 

OWN (Middlesex Regiment). 

RAISED in 1755 chiefly of Londoners from the 
Middlesex Militia, and nicknamed the "Steel- 
backs," from being frequently flogged by the 
provost. From their extraordinary fighting propen- 
sities at Albuhera, they earned the more honourable 
and famous name of the " Die-Hards." In this action, 
out of 25 officers, they had 22 killed and wounded ; 
of 570 rank and file, killed and wounded 425. 
The King's colour was riddled by thirty bullets ; 
Inglis, the heroic colonel, cried out frequently : 
" Die hard, my men, die hard," and from that day 
the gallant 57th were recognised in camp and 
barrack as the " Die-Hards." At Inkerman the 
officer commanding the 57th inspired his followers 
at a critical moment by the thrilling words, " Die- 
hards, remember Albuhera." The 2nd Battalion 
(77th Foot) was called " The Pot-hooks," from the 
figure 7, and was one of the three regiments which 
stormed the breach at Ciudad Rodrigo. 


The Glorious Gallantry of the Regiment at Albuhera. 

Thc Manchester Regiment. 
CommandinU Officer. Adjutant & Sergeant-Major. 


CDcpot, Winchester) (Record Office, Winchester.) 

" Louisburg," "Quebec, 1759," "Martinique, 1762," 
'Havannah," "North America, 1763-64," " Rolica," 
"Vimiera," "Martinique, 1809," "Talavera," " Busaco," 
' Fuentes d'Onor," " Albuhera," " Ciudad Rodrigo," 
" Badajoz," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," 
" Nive," " Orthes," " Toulouse," " Peninsula," " Mooltan," 
"Goojerat." " Punjaub," " South Africa. 1851-2-3," "Delhi, 
1857." "Taku Forts," "Pekin, 1860," "South Africa, 1879." 
"Ahmad Khel," "Kandahar. 1880." "Afghanistan, 1878-80," 
"Tel-el-Kebir." "Egypt, 1882. 1884." "Chitral," "Defence 
of Lady smith," "Relief of Ladysmith," "South Africa, 

Motto : Celer et Audax (Alert and Intrepid). 

Uniform, Green. Facings, Scarlet. 
Head-dress, Busby, with black plume, with scarlet bast. 

Cap, Green, with green band. 

Regimental March, " The Wild Hunt." 

Allied Regiments, 60th Rifles of Canada ; 63rd Regiment 

"Halifax Rifles," of Canada. 


THE regiment was raised in New York in 1 755. 
The uniform was scarlet with blue facings. 
It became the first green-coated rifle regiment 
in 1797, having scarlet facings and black leathern 
helmets. The roll of honour shows how well the 
regiment has served in all the subsequent cam- 
paigns, and it has a reputation for bravery and 
discipline second to none in the Army. 

Nicknames : " The Greenjackets," from the 
colour of the uniform ; " The Jaegers " ; " The 
60th Rifles " ; and quite recently has been jocularly 
dubbed " The Kaiser's Own " from the fact that 
the regimental badge, a Maltese Cross, closely 
resembles the Iron Cross. 

(Depot, Devizes.) (T^tcord Office, Exeter.) 

" Louisburg," " Nive," " Peninsula," " New Zealand," 
" Ferozeshah," "Sobraon," "Sevastopol," " Pekin, 1860," 

"South Africa, 1879, 1900-02." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Buff. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 
Regimental JXCarch, "The Wiltshire." 

Allied Regiment : I Oth (North Otago) Regiment of New 


(Wiltshire Regiment) 

THE 1st Battalion (62nd Foot) was raised in 1756 
as the 2nd Battalion of the King's Own, and 
was soon afterwards formed as a separate 
corps. It quickly gained a name for itself when 
four companies made a gallant stand among the 
ruins of Carrick Fergus Castle against a thousand 
French troops with artillery, the 62nd maintaining 
their defence with bricks and stones after their 
ammunition was exhausted, and had even fired 
away their buttons as bullets. Their gallant conduct 
was commemorated by wearing a " splash " on their 
buttons for many years afterwards. In 1831 while 
on service in India, cholera carried off nearly the 
whole regiment, there being at one time only two 
men not on the sick list or in hospital. The 2nd 
Battalion (99th Foot) was raised in 1824. Both 
battalions have splendid records of war service. 

Nicknamed : " The Springers," from the rapidity 
of its pursuit of the American rebels after the 
action at Trois Rivieres, in Canada, 1 776 ; also 
" The Splashers " and " The Moonrakers." 

= =0? 

(Depot, Ashton-under-Lyne.) (Record Office, Preston.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

"Guadaloupe, 1759," " Egmont-op-Zee," "Peninsula," 

"Martinique, 1809," "Guadaloupe, 1810." " New Zealand," 

" Alma," " Inkerman," " Sevastopol," "Afghanistan, 1 879-80," 

" Egypt, 1 882, " ** Defence of Ladysmith," 

"South Africa, 1899-1902." ' 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. 

Head-drew, Helmet. Cap, Blue. 

T^egimental JXCarch, "The Manchesters." 

Allied Regiment : 8th (Southland) Regiment of New Zealand. 

v ; 


THE 1st Battalion was raised in 1 758, and after a 
brief spell of service on the Continent went to 
the West Indies and America, winning high 
praise for gallant conduct at the battle of Entaw. For 
very many years the regiment did splendid service in 
the West Indies, adding much territory to the British 
Empire, and was afterwards sent to Australia and 
New Zealand. Excellent service was rendered in 
the Crimea, India, and Afghanistan, the " Regimental 
Order of Merit " being founded with power to grant 
medals or badges, for specially gallant conduct. The 
regiment has served with honour in all parts of the 

The Officers of the 63rd previous to 1855 wore a 
fleur-de-lis in gold embroidery at the end of their 
coat-tails. At one time the whole regiment appears 
to have worn a fleur-de-lis badge, which was adopted 
in 1 8 1 5 for services rendered at Guadaloupe. 

The 1st Battalion (63rd Foot) nicknamed "Blood- 
suckers," at one time. The 2nd Battalion (96th 
Foot) was called "The Bendovers." 

(Depot, Lichfield.) (Rtcord Office. Lichfield.) 

The Dragon, superscribed " China." 

"Guadaloupe. 1759," "^Martinique, 1794," "St. Lucia. 1803." 
"Surinam," " Punjaub," " Reshire," "Bnshire," " Koosh-ab," 
"Persia," " Lucknow," " Hafir," "South Africa, 1900-02." 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 
T^egimental ff&arch, "The days when we went gipsying." 

Staffordshire Regiment). 

THE 1 st Battalion (64th Foot) was raised in 1 756, 
the facings being black. It took part in the 
hardest fighting in the West Indies and America, 
being engaged there off and on till 1815, reaching 
home just too late to take part in the battle of 
Waterloo. The regiment was on board the 
" Alert," when she was wrecked near Halifax, N.S., 
all ranks remaining below silent and under perfect 
discipline, while the vessel was run ashore. Had 
the men attempted to reach the deck the vessel 
would have foundered. By their discipline everyone 
aboard was saved, and the Duke of Wellington 
ordered that the details should be published 
throughout the Army as an example of discipline. 
The 2nd Battalion (98th Foot) was raised in 1 824 
and served in the Crimean War. The 98th was 
honoured with the title of " Prince of Wales's " in 
recognition of the duties performed by the Corps 
during the Prince of Wales's visit to Malta. 

Nicknamed : " The Black Knots " as distinct 
from ' The Staffordshire Knots" of the South 
Staffordshire Regiment. 

(Depot, Pontefract.) (Record Office, York.) 

Th Royal Tiger, superscribed " India." 

"Guadaloupe. 1759," "Martinique, 1794," " India, 1 796- 

1819." "Nive." "Peninsula." "Arabia," " New Zealand," 

"Lucknow," "Tel-el-Kebir." "Egypt, 1882. 1884," "Relief 

of Ladysmith," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, White. Hemd-drets, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue. 
Regimental March, " The York and Lancaster." 

Allied Regiment : 5th (Wellington) Regiment of New 


RAISED in 1 756 and was present at the capture 
of Guadaloupe. Active service in the West 
Indies reduced the ranks to such an extent 
that on its return it had to take large drafts of 
" parish boys." In 1801 the "boy" regiment was 
sent to the Cape to get acclimatised for service in 
India, where it arrived two years later, and where 
it stayed for over twenty years earning a high 
reputation for bravery and discipline. Later, 
another long spell of foreign service was put in, 
serving for no fewer than twenty years in Australia 
and New Zealand, a unique experience. The 2nd 
Battalion was raised as the 84th Foot in 1 793 at York, 
and saw a great deal of foreign and active service, 
part being among the small garrison of Lucknow 
during the Mutiny, the rest of the 84th being 
massacred at Cawnpore. The brilliant record of 
service of the regiment has been added to since 
those days. 

Nickname: "The Royal Tigers" and "The 
Twin Roses." 

(Depot, Newcastle.) (Record Office, York.) 

" Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Orthes," 

"Peninsula," "Alma," " Inkerman," "Sevastopol," "Reshire," 

" Bushire," " Koosh-ab." " Persia," " New Zealand," 

"Relief of Ladysmith," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Dark green. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Green with green band. 
Regimental fffcarch, " The Light Barque." 

Allied Regiments, 106th Regiment (Winnipeg Light Infantry) 
of Canada ; 2nd (South Canterbury) Regiment of New Zealand. 


NO regiment has earned a prouder title than the 
Durhams, that of " The Faithful Durhams " 
having been bestowed for devoted service on 
many a hard won battlefield and for years of 
arduous service faithfully performed, t The 1st 
Battalion (68th Foot) was raised in 1756 by 
General John Lambton of the Coldstream Guards, 
and was soon on active service on the Continent, 
followed by active service in the West Indies. For 
nine years, the 68th garrisoned Gibraltar, and 
afterwards took part in the capture of St. Lucia, 
1 795, and St. Vincent. In the Peninsula, it added 
to its already high reputation, which it has since so 
well enhanced on the Continent. The 2nd Battalion 
(106th Foot) was raised in India in 1826 by the 
East India Company as the 2nd Bombay European 
Regiment, serving with credit in many actions in 
India and Persia, coming to England for the first 
time in 1871. 

Nickname : " The Faithful Durhams." 





CDepo/, Hamilton.) (Record Office, Hamilton.) 
The Castle and Key, superscribed "Gibraltar, 1780-83." 

The Elephant, superscribed "Assaye." 

" Carnatic," " Hindoostan," " Sholinghur," " Mysore," 
" Seringapatam," " Cape of Good Hope, 1 806," " Roli^a," 
" Vimiera," " Corunna," " Busaco," " Fuentes d'Onor,* 
" Ciudad Rodrigo," "Badajoz," "Almaraz," "Salamanca," 
"Vittoria," "Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Nive," " Orthes," 
"Toulouse," "Peninsula," "Waterloo," "South Africa, 
1851-2-3," "Sevastopol," " Central India," " Tel-el-Kebir," 
"Egypt, 1882," "Modder River," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 
Uniform, Scarlet doublet with Mackenzie tartan trews. 

Facings, Buff. 

Head-dress, Blue chaco with green tuft and crimson, white and 

green diced border. Band, Feather bonnet with green, 

crimson and white diced border, and scarlet hackle. 

Cap, Green Glengarry. 
T^eglmenlul March, " Whistle o'er the lave o't." 


THE regiment has one of the most brilliant records 
in the whole army, a reputation it splendidly 
maintained against the Germans in France 
and Belgium. The 1 $t Battalion (7 1 st Foot) dates 
from 1 777 as Fraser's Highlanders, which after- 
wards became Macleod's Highlander!, fighting 
with distinguished bravery in India, South Africa, 
the Peninsula, Waterloo and elsewhere. The 
2nd Battalion (74th Foot) hat an equally brilliant 
record of Indian and foreign service, winning great 
glory at the battle of Assaye, where every officer 
was killed or wounded and the remainder of the 
regiment was brought out of action by the Sergeant- 

The 1st Battalion was so full of Glasgow men 
during the Peninsular War, that it was generally 
known as " The Glesca Keelies." 

(Depot, Fort George.) (Record Office, Perth.) 

The Elephant, superscribed " Assaye." 

"Carnatic," " Hindoostan," "Mysore," "Cape of Good 
Hope, 1806," "Maida," "Java," " South Africa. 1835," 
"Sevastopol," " Koosh-ab," " Persia," " Lucknow," " Central 
India," " Pciwar Kotal," " Charasiah." " Kabul, 1 879." 
"Kandahar, 1880." "Afghanistan, 1878-80." " Tel-el- Kebir," 
, "Egypt, 1882," "Chitral," " Atbara." "Khartoum," 
" Paardeberg," "South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Mottoes : Cuidtch'n T^igh (Help, to the King) ; Caber Feidh 

(Antlers of the Deer), the war cry of Seaforth ; Tulloch 

Ard (The high Hill), the slogan of Kintail. 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Buff. Mackenzie tartan. White 

sporran with two black tails. 

Head-dress, Feather bonnet, scarlet, white and green diced 
border ; white hackle, except bandsmen who wear scarlet. 

Cap, Glengarry, with scarlet, white and green diced border. 
T^egimental ZKCarch, " Highland Laddie." 

Allied Regiments, 72nd Regiment (Seaforth Highlander* of 
Canada) ; 78th Pictou Regiment (Highlander*) of Canada. 


(Ross-shire Buffs, the Duke of Albany's) 

THE 1 st Battalion (72nd Highlanders) was raised 
by the chief of the Clan Mackenzie in 1 778. 
The regiment gave early evidence of that 
great bravery which has ever marked it, especially 
in India and Afghanistan, and took part in the whole 
of the Egyptian and Soudan expeditions from the 
attack at Tel-el-Kebir to the final battle at Omdur- 
man. The 2nd Battalion (78th Highlanders) claim 
descent from the famous Fraser Highlanders of 1 756, 
being reorganized at Aberdeen in 1 793 as the Ross- 
shire Buffs and has an equally glorious record. 

Nickname : 1 st Battalion, " The Macraes " ; 
2nd Battalion, " King's Men," from the motto. 

Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders Officers in Review Order. 

Gordon Highlanders.-Officers in Review Order. 

CDpo/, Aberdeen.) (Record Office, Perth.) 

The Royal Tiger, superscribed " India." 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 

" Mysore," " Seringapatam." " Egmont-op-Zee," " Mandora," 
"Corunna," " Fuentes d'Onor," " Almaraz," " Vittoria," 
"Pyrenees," " Nive," " Orthes," "Peninsula," "Waterloo," 
"South Africa, 1835," "Delhi, 1857," " Lucknow," 
"Charasiah," "Kabul, 1879," "Kandahar, 1880," 
" Afghanistan, 1878-80," "Tel-el-Kebir," "Egypt. 1 882, 1884," 
" Nile, 1884-85." " Chitral," " Tirah," " Defence of Lady- 
smith," " Paardeberg," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Bydand (Watchful). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Yellow. Gordon tartan with 

yellow stripe. White sporran with two black tails. 
Head-drea, Feather bonnet, scarlet, white and green diced 

border with white hackle. 
Cap, Glengarry, with scarlet, white and green diced border. 

Regimental JXCarch, " Highland Laddie." 
Allied Regiment, 48th Regiment (Highlanders) of Canada 


THE Gay Gordons," as the regiment has always 
been known, are the lineal descendants of 
that famous regiment raised in 1 787, mainly 
by the beautiful Duchess of Gordon, who bestowed 
on each recruit a kiss. The regiment saw a great 
deal of service in India, notably the storming of 
Seringapatam. Service in the Mediterranean and 
South Africa followed, and the regiment was back 
in India in time to take part in some of the severest 
fighting in the Mutiny. Brilliant service in other 
parts of the Empire followed. The 2nd Battalion 
(92nd Highlanders) trace their history back to 
1794, and fought in India, the Peninsula and at 
Waterloo with great credit. Many famous officers 
nave commenced their military careers in the 
Gordon Highlanders. 


CDepo<, Inverness.) (Record Office, Perth.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed "Egypt." 

" Egmont-op-Zee," "Corunna," " Busaco," " Fuentes 
d'Onor," "Salamanca." "Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Nive," 
" Toulouse," " Peninsula," " Waterloo," " Alma," 
" Serastopol." " Lucknow." " Tel-el-Kebir," "Egypt, 1882" 
M:l- 1AA4-R4" " Atk.r, " Khartoum" "Sou 

NUe, 1884-85, 

1 Atbara," " Khartoum," 
Africa, 1900-02." 


Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Tartan, Cameron- Erracht. 

Black sporran, with two white tails. 

Head-dress, Feather bonnet, scarlet, white and green 

diced border and white hackle. 

Cap, Blue glengarry. 

Regimental MCarch, " Highland Laddie." 
Allied Regiment : 79th Cameron Highlanders of Canada. 


THE regiment (79th Foot) wa raised by Cameron 
of Erracht in 1 793 in Inverness-shire almost 
entirely from among his own kinsmen, and 
down to the present day the Clan Cameron is still 
very strong in the regiment. For many years the 
79th Highlanders was the only single battalion 
regiment in the army, the 2nd Battalion being raised 
during the South African War. A remarkable 
fact in connection with the regiment was that 
although they had over 700 officers and men down 
with typhus on returning from Corunna in 1809, 
they did not lose a single man, and six months later 
embarked for the ill-fated Walcheren expedition 
1 ,002 strong. They served in the trenches through- 
out the whole of that campaign without losing a man. 

(Depot, Belfast.) ('RtcorJ Office, Dublin.) 

The Sphinx, $uper*cribed "Egypt." 

"India. ""Cape of Good Hope. 1806," "Talavera," "Bourbon," 
"Busaco," "Fuentes d'Onor," "Ciudad Rodrigo," 
" Badajoz," " Salamanca," " Vittoria," " Nivelle." " Orthe*," 
"Toulouse," "Peninsula," "Central India," "South 
Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Quis separebit P (Who shall separate > ). 

Uniform, Green. Facings, Dark Green. 

Head-dress, Black fur busby, with black and green plume 

Cap, Green with green band. 
Tlegimentml JKarch, " Off, Off, said the Stranger." 


THE regiment was raised in 1793 in Dublin by 
Col. Fitch, and became known as " Fitch's 
Grenadiers," the title being bestowed in 
humorous allusion to the small stature of the men. 
They, however, soon showed they could fight as 
well as the finest grenadiers in the Army, reaping 
glory in many a hot engagement during the 
succeeding years. The regiment was converted 
into Rifles in 1881 when the 86th Foot was linked 
with the 83rd as sister battalion. The 86th 
regiment was raised in 1 792, as the Royal County 
Downs, and served for some years as marines, and 
later in Egypt. During the ten succeeding years 
the regiment travelled twice round Africa, served in 
India and the Red Sea, twice crossed the Egyptian 
Desert, served in South Africa, Ceylon, and 
elsewhere, the service being so strenuous that during 
five years in India over a thousand men laid down 
their lives. The fine physique of the ranks earned 
for them the name of the " Irish Giants." 

( foetal. An 

(Depo/, Armagh.) (T^ecorJ Office, Dublin.) 

The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 
"Montevideo," "TalaTera," "Barrosa," "Java," "Tarifa," 
"Vittori*," " Nivelle," "Niagara," "Orthes," "Toulouse," 
"Peninsula," " Ava," "Sevastopol," " Tel-el- Kebir," 
"Egypt, 1882, 1884" "Relief of Ladysmith," "South 

Africa. 1899-1902." 

Motto : Faugh-a-Ballagh (Clear the way). 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facingj, Blue. 

Head-dress, Racoon-skin cap with green plume on left side 

Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 
Rtgimental Jttarch, " British Grenadiers." 

Irish Fusiliers) 

THE 1st Battalion (87th Foot) was raised by 
General Doyle in Ireland in 1793 and was 
fighting in 1794 in Belgium and afterwards 
aw a great deal of rough service in South America. 
It was, however, in the Peninsular War that it 
earned undying fame, charging the enemy who 
were in greatly superior numbers, at Barrosa, with 
such fury as to overthrow them, and led to the 
capture of an eagle by Sergt. Patrick Masterman, 
whose grandson won a V.C. in South Africa. In 
recognition of its splendid bravery the regiment 
was given a Royal title and directed to display an 
eagle as badge. The regiment has exhibited the 
same high standard of bravery in all its subsequent 
campaigns. The 2nd Battalion (89th Foot), raised 
in 1 793, also made a splendid name for courage. 

Nicknames: 1st Battalion, "The Old Fogs," or 
the " Faugh-a-Ballagh Boys " ; 2nd Battalion, 
"The Rollickers" 



/, Gnlway.) ("Record Office, Cork.) 

The Elephant. The Sphinx, superscribed " Egypt." 
" Seringa patam," "Talavera," "Busaco," " Fuentes d'Onor," 
"Ciudad Rodrigo," "Badajoz," "Salamanca," " Vittoria,'' 
" Pyrenees," " Nivelle," " Orthes," "Toulouse/" " Peninsula," 
"Alma," "Inkerman," " Serastopol," " Central India," 
"South Africa, 1877-8-9," " Relief of Ladysmith," "South 
Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Quit scparabit (Who shall separate ?). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Green. Hcad-drat, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue with dark green band. 
Regimental March, " St. Patrick's Day." 


1 st Battalion (88th Foot) dates from 1 793, 
being raised in Connaught, and was known 
then by the same title it still bears. It 
has had a most adventurous career, being ship- 
wrecked and seeing hard service in India, Egypt, 
Ceylon, and South America, and subsequently 
joining Wellington in the Peninsula, winning high 
distinction in many battles, especially at the sieges of 
Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajos. In 1819 the regiment 
was given permission to create a regimental order 
of merit, the 1 st class being for those who had been 
in twelve or more general actions, and no fewer 
than 70 rank and file then serving qualified, there 
being nearly 130 who had been in from six to 
eleven actions, and over four hundred who had 
served in one to five actions. The 2nd Battalion 
(94th Foot) dates from 1823. 

Nickname : " The Devil's Own," called so by 
General Picton for their undaunted bravery in face 
of the enemy ; also " The Garvies." 

(Depol, Stirling .) (Record Office, Perth.) 

" Cap. of Good Hope, 1 806," " Rolica," " Vimiera," 
"Conmna," "Pyrenees," " NiYelle." "Nive," "Orthe, M 
"Toulouse," "Peninsula." "South Africa, 1846-7, 1851-2-3." 
"Alma," "Balaklaya," "Sevastopol." " Lucknow," 'South 
Africa, 1879," "Modder River," " Paardeberg," "South 
Africa, 1899-1902." 

Mottoes : 

Ne tlliotscarii (Forget not); Sans Peur (Without fear). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facingt, Yellow. Tartan, Sutherland. 

Black sporran, with six white tassels. 

HeaJ-drest, Feather bonnet, white hackle. 

Cap, Glengarry with scarlet and white diced border. 

T^egimenlal JKCarch, " Highland Laddit." 
Allied Regiment : 91 st Regt. (Canadian Highlanders) of Canada. 


(Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) 

THE 98th Highlanders (Argyllshire) was raised 
in 1 796 and renumbered the 9 1 st Highlanders 
in 1802, its constant war service being in 
South Africa where it helped to capture the Cape 
of Good Hope from the Dutch and took part in the 
first Kaffir War. It afterwards went to the 
Peninsula and fought in many of the battles there, 
winning great fame. Afterwards it served many 
years in the Mediterranean and in India, taking a 
full share in the fierce battles of the Mutiny- The 
2nd Battalion, raised in 1800 as the Sutherland 
Highlanders, won its greatest glory in the Crimea 
where in line, under the brave Colin Campbell, it 
received unsupported the full charge of the Russian 
Cavalry and drove them off in confusion. 

Known after the Battle of Balaklava as "The 
Thin Red Line," also called " The Rory's." 


CDcpot, Birr.) (Record Offict. Cork.) 

" Niagara," " Central India," " South Africa, 1900-02." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. Head-dress, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue with scarlet band. 
Regimental JWarcA, " The Royal Canadian." 

Allied Regiments : 1 Oth Regiment (Royal Grenadiers) of 
Canada ; 1 00th Winnipeg Grenadiers of Canada. 

REGIMENT (Royal Canadians) 

THE Leinster Regiment is the only British corps 
having a Colonial title. The 1st Battalion 
(1 00th Foot) was raised in Canada in 1 858, and 
has, by marked gallantry in India, South Africa and 
Belgium, added much to the glory of the British 
Army. The 2nd Battalion (109th Foot) was 
raised in India in 1853. The regiment has many 
curious nicknames, those applying to the 1 st Battalion 
being " The Crusaders," " The Centipedes," on 
account of its regimental number, the 1 00th, " The 
Beavers," the "Old Hundredth," and "The 
Colonials." At one time the colours used to be 
decorated with maple leaves on July 1 st (Dominion 
Day), the maple leaf being borne as part of 
the badge. The 2nd Battalion is known as "The 
Poonah Pets " from its birthplace ; " The Steel 
Heads" on account of withstanding the excessive 
heat of the sun in Central India, and " The Lily- 
whites " from its white facings. The regiment was 
the last British infantry unit to be quartered in 
Canada, and the whole country parted with them 
with regret. 

t. Tralee.) (f^ecorJ Office, Cork.) 

A Royal Tiger. 

"Plassey," " Condore," " Masulipatam," " Badara," "Buxar." 
"Rohilcund, 1774," " Sholinghur," "Carnatic," " Rohilcund, 
1794," "Guzerat," "Deig." " Bhurtpore." " Ghuznee, 1 839," 
" Afghanistan, 1839," " Ferozehah," " Sobraon," " Chillian- 
wallah." "Goojerat," " Punjaub," "Pegu," " Delhi. 1857," 
"Lucknow," "Burma, 1885-87," "South Africa. 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dress, Racoon-akin cap with white and green plume on 
left side. 

Cap, Blue, with scarlet band. 
"Regimental JfCarch, " British Grenadiers." 

Allied Regiments, 101st Regiment (Edmonton Fusiliers) of 
Canada ; 104th Regiment (Westminster Fusiliers) of Canada. 


THE 101st and 104th Regiments, combined to 
make up the Royal Munster Fusiliers, are both 
of Indian origin and have left their names 
deeply inscribed on the battles which gave that 
country to the Empire. The 101st was raised by 
Clive in India in 1756 as the Bengal European 
Regiment and shared in all the hard fighting from 
Chandernagore to Burmah, till the Mutiny brought 
them their crowning glory. After over one hundred 
years* campaigning the regiment came to England 
for the first time in 1868. The 2nd Battalion (the 
1 04th Regiment) was formed in 1 839 in Bengal and 
also did splendid service in the Mutiny and in the 
Burmah campaign. 

Nickname : " The Dirty Shirts," a cherished 
name given them a* a result of fighting in their 
shirt sleeves at Delhi, in 1857. 


'Royal Dublin Fusiliers Officers with Colours. 

CDepot. Naas.) (Record Office, Dublin.) 

The Roy*l Tiger, superscribed " Plassey," " Buxar." 

The Elephant, superscribed " Crnatic," " Mysore." 

" Arcot," " Condore," " Wandiwash," " Pondicherry," 

"Guzerat," " Sholinghur," "Nundy Droog," "Amboyna," 

"Ternate," "Banda," " Seringapatam," " Kirkee," 

" Maheidpoor," " Beni Boo Alii," "Ava," "Aden," 

" Mooltan," " Goojerat," " Punjaub," " Pegu," " Lucknow," 

" Relief of Ladysroith," " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Motto : Spectamur JJgendo (We are judged by our deeds). 
Uniform, Scarlet. Facings, Blue. 

Head-dreis, Racoon-skin cap, with blue and green plume 
on left side. 

Cap, Bright blue, with scarlet band. 
Regimental Jttarch, " British Grenadiers." 


THE regiment is the oldest of the old Indian 
regiments. It was raised in India in the reign 
of Charles I., but in 1748 it became the 
Madras European Regiment, and under Clive 
rendered splendid service at many famous Indian 
battles which gradually won that Empire for 
the British Crown. The 2nd Battalion (103rd 
Foot) has an equally glorious Indian record. After 
223 years of Indian service the 1 st Battalion came to 
England for the first time in 1 868, and in 1 870 the 
2nd Battalion came home for the first time after 
209 years service. 

Nicknames : " The Blue Caps." During the Indian 
Mutiny, Nana Sahib warned his men against those 
" blue-capped soldiers who fought like devils." "The 
Old Toughs," from the long period of hard service 
in India. 

CDepot, Winchester.) (Record Office, Winchester.) 

' Copenhagen," " Monte Video," " Rolic.a," " Vimiera." 
'Corunna," " Busaco," " Barrosa," " Fuentes d'Onor," 
' Ciudad Rodrigo," " Badajoz," "Salamanca," "Vittoria," 
'Pyrenees." " Nivelle," " Nive," "Orthes." "Toulouse," 
' Peninsula," " Waterloo/' "South Africa, \846-7, 1851-2-3." 
'Alma," " Inkerman," "Sevastopol," " Lucknow," 
' Ashantee, 1 873-4," " Ali Masjid," " Afghanistan.l 878-9." 
'Burma, 1885-87," "Khartoum," " Defence of Lady smith," 
" Relief of Ladysmith." " South Africa, 1899-1902." 

Uniform, Dark Green. Facings, Black 

Head-dress, Black fur busby with black plume. 

Cap, Dark Green with green band. 
Qegimenlal JXCarch, "I'm Ninety-five." 

Allied Regiment : 6th Regiment (The Duke of Connaught's 
Own Rifles) of Canada. 

Consort's Own). 

RAISED in 1 800 the regiment saw active service 
before a year was out in the attack on Ferrol. 
A detachment was on Nelson's flagship as 
marines at the battle of the Baltic. Their courage 
was favourably commented upon at Waterloo where 
they rendered particularly valuable service at a 
critical period. In all parts of the world the Rifle 
Brigade have rendered devoted service to King and 
Country, and have fully earned and maintained the 
reputation that won for them the eulogy of King 
William IV, who said " Wherever there has been 
fighting, there you have been, and wherever you 
have been you have distinguished yourselves." 

Nicknames: "The Greenj'ackets " and "The 



(RtcorJ Office. Woolwich.} 
Motto : Nil sine labore (Nothing without Labour). 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, White. 

Head-dress, Helmet. Cap, Blue with blue band. 

Regimental JKtarch, " Wait for the Wagons." 


THE Army Service Corps has no counterpart in 
any European Array, and has been evolved from 
years of warfare in all parts of the world. The 
result, as proved in the great war on the Continent, 
is to place the Corps in the forefront of any similar 
service among the Allies, and the Corps has been the 
wonder of the armies of the world. The Corps is 
the outcome of experience gained in the organisation 
of several corps which had been formed for special 
purposes and afterwards disbanded. The present 
high standard of efficiency of the Corps is due 
to the fact that it has been slowly but surely 
recognised by Generals in command of military 
expeditions that the ultimate success of their 
operations depended primarily on the efficiency 
of the supply and transport service, and so 
with the flight of years the Corps has been 
grudgingly given that degree of importance in the 
Army it has so well merited. It has gone through 
many transformations from the Commissaries of 
Muster, Royal Waggon Train, Land Transport 
Corps, Military Train, and Commissariat and Trans- 
port Corps to its present designation and duties. 

When it was the Military Train it was called 
" Moke Train." Popularly known as " The 


Motto : In Arduts Fidelit (Faithful in Danger). 
Uniform, Blue. Facings, Dull Cherry. Head-drets, Helmet. 

Cap, Blue, with cherry-red band. 
Regimental Jttarch, " Her Bright Smile." 


THE Corps dates its present organization from 1 873 
when the old regimental medical system was 
abolished, which had many weaknesses and 
was open to considerable abuse. The reorganisation 
has been greatly to the benefit of the whole Army 
for it has provided a medical service far superior in 
skill, organization and establishment to any medical 
service in the world. Not only is the professional 
skill of the medical officers and the nursing skill of 
the men the best that the nation can provide, but 
the sympathy and devotion to their humane duties 
evinced by all ranks is a theme of constant 
admiration, and one of the most glorious traditions 
of the Army. In the hottest and most dangerous 
areas of the battlefield, in the dread infectious wards 
of the hospitals, and in their care of the sick and 
wounded, the members of the Corps have shown a 
devotion and bravery that has reflected the utmost 
glory on the whole nation. Many of the Officers 
and other ranks have won the highest and most 
coveted decorations, on the field in discharging their 
splendid mission of saving life. 

Nicknames : " Linseed Lancers," and " Poultice 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, Maroon. Head-dress, Helmet. 
Cap, Blue, with maroon band. 


THIS humane service was brought into being in 
1796. Previously the treatment of equine 
diseases in the service had been entrusted to 
the farriers, zealous, but for the most part ignorant, 
men working by rule of thumb. The founding of 
the Royal Veterinary College, London, just prior to 
that period helped materially in putting the corps on 
a sound professional basis, and the diploma of the 
College was a sine qua non for a commission in the 
Corps. The first Veterinary Surgeon appears to 
have been Mr. John Ship, who was appointed to 
the 1 1 th Light Dragoons in June 1 796 and a few 
months later Professor Coleman of the Royal 
Veterinary College was appointed Principal 
Veterinary Surgeon to the Cavalry and Senior 
Veterinary Surgeon to the Ordnance. Under his 
energetic guidance the foundations of our splendidly 
efficient Veterinary service were laid. The service 
was re-organised in 1881, all regimental appoint- 
ments, except those in the Household Cavalry, 
being abolished, and in 1891 substantive military 
rank was conferred on the officers instead of relative 
rank. The South African war brought a further 
development in the inclusion of N.C.O.'s and men 
in the Corps, and now the Corps musters a very 
strong body of experts whose services have been of 
inestimable value in the great war on the Continent. 
Nicknames: "The Vets"; "The Horse Doctors." 

Uniform, Blue. 

Facings, Scarlet. 
Cap, Blue. 

Head-dress, Helmet. 


IT is a remarkable fact that the Ordnance Depart- 
ment has a greater antiquity than any other 
branch of the Array, its history being traceable 
to the earliest military organisation of England. At 
one time it was a civilian department, then a branch 
of the Artillery, then a branch of the Engineers, 
and so curiously interwoven that it is very difficult 
to establish its actual origin. The first official record 
of an Ordnance Department dates back to 1418, 
when John Louth was appointed "Clerk to the 
Ordnance." The Master Bowyer, Master Fletcher, 
Master Carpenter, etc., were styled Officers of the 
Ordnance, which about 1 455 became centralised at 
the Tower of London, where the Department con- 
tinued for four hundred years under " The Master of 
the Ordnance," until removed to Woolwich. The 
duties have been, as now, closely associated with the 
provision and care of war-like stores, especially arms 
and ammunition, and the designation of the Depart- 
ment has varied considerably, the efficiency of the 
Department being steadily increased and splendidly 
maintained in the face of great difficulties. 

Nicknamed " The Ordnance " and " The Sugar 
Stick Brigade" from the peculiar red and white 
piping of the braid. 

Uniform, Blue. Facings, Yellow. Head-dress, Helmet 
Cap, Blue with yellow band. 


BEFORE the establishment of the Army Pay 
Department in 1 878, the financial side of the 
soldier's service was administered almost with- 
out system, this being carried out for the greater 
part according to the whim or skill of each com- 
manding officer. So many people " had a finger in 
the pie " in handling the soldier's pay that the 
wonder is that any ever reached him at all, whilst 
the loss to the nation was enormous. After the 
abolition of the system under which each Colonel 
paid his men or did not, as he thought fit, Army 
Agents were made more or less responsible for 
paying the troops, and these appointed their own 
paymasters in each regiment. This system was 
open to abuse, and the troops suffered until the 
whole system of pay was taken over by the War 
Office and the Pay Department established. This 
Department also took over the payment for all the 
needs of the regiments and corps, and so well has it 
arranged its duties that every man in the army is 
now sure of every penny due to him, whilst the 
nation has been saved vast sums by preventing fraud 
and overcharging. 

Nicknames : " The Quill Drivers " and " The 
Ink Slingers." 


Uniform, Blue. 

Facings, Red. Head-dress, Helmet. 
Cap, Red. 


THE formation of this Corps is comparatively a 
recent one, for until the year 1880 police 
duties in times of peace were discharged 
regimentally, and in times of war by more or less 
haphazard detachments under selected officers 
known as Provost Marshals. The formation of the 
Military Mounted and Foot Police, however, placed 
this important work on more solid and organised 
foundations, and in war and peace the members of 
the Corps discharge, in a most efficient manner, a 
large variety of important duties few are aware of. 
The policing of camps, lines of communication, 
supply bases and other important centres is only 
part of their work, which include the custody of 
prisoners of war, the safeguarding of general 
officers, and the execution of spies and other 
condemned prisoners. 

Nickname : " The Red Caps.** 


" Gibraltar." 
Motto : Per Mare, per Terr am (By Sea or Land). 

Uniform, Royal Marine Artillery, Blue ; Royal Marine Light 
Infantry, Scarlet. 

Facings, Royal Marine Artillery, Scarlet ; Royal Marine Light 
Infantry, Blue. 


THE evolutions of the Marines as a separate force 
before the accession of Queen Anne are little 
known. The earliest mention of Marines as 
a distinct force occurs in 1664, being an Order : n 
Council for the formation of a body of 1 ,200 men 
for the sea service. Many infantry regiments have 
in their early days served as Marines, but the separate 
Corps seems to have had a corporate existence since 
the date mentioned above. Splendid service has 
been rendered on land and sea ever since, and the 
Marines are as justly considered as being among 
the best fighting men the Empire has. Their 
records show them to have taken important parts 
in many a famous battle on land, whilst contributing 
their share to every victory afloat. 

The Royal Marines were, by the French, nick- 
named " The Little Grenadiers," from the regiment 
wearing Grenadier caps. They are popularly 
known as " The Jollies." The Corps was originally 
raised for sea service alone. In 1 664 it bore the 
name^of " The Admiral's Regiment " in consequence, 
and " Neptune's Bodyguard." 


SEP 20 


The following are some of the principal medals, 
decorations and orders that have been worn, or are worn, 
by British soldiers : 

War Medals. 

General Service Medal, 1793 1814 

India Medal, 1799 1826. 

Waterloo Medal, 1815. 

First Burmah War, 1824 6. 

Capture of Ghuznee, 1839. 

Cabul Medal, 1843. 

China War, 1842 1860. 

Afghan War, 1843 3. 

Sutlej Campaign, 1845 6 

New Zealand, 1846 65. 

Punjaub, 1848 9. 

India General Service, 1853 95. 

South Africa, 185379. 

Crimea, 1854 56. 

Baltic, 18545. 

Indian Mutiny, 1857 8. 

Canada, 1 866 70. 

Abyssinia, 1868. 

Ashanti, 1879 94. 

Afghanistan, 1878 80. 

Roberts Star, 1879. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

Egypt, 188289. 

Khedive's Star, 1882 89. 

N.W. Canada, 1885. 

W. Africa, 1890 1900. 

Matabeleland, 1893. 

Central Africa, 1894 98. 

India General Service, 1895 


Ashanti Star, 1896. 
Sudan (British), 1896. 
Sudan (Khedive'i), 1896. 
East and Central Africa, 1897 99. 
China, 1900. 
S. Africa (Queen's), 18991902. 

Do. (King'f), 1901 3. 
3rd Ashanti, 1900. 
East African General Service, 

1900 1904. 

India General Service, 1901 02. 
Tibet, 1903 04. 

Orders and Decorations. 

Victoria Cross. 

Order of the Bath. 

Order of St. Michael and St. George. 

Royal Victorian Order. 

The Distinguished Service Order. 

The Military Cross 

Order of St. John of Jerusalem. 

Albert Medal. 

Territorial Officer's Decoration 

The Jubilee Decoration. 

The Coronation Decoration. 

Distinguished Conduct Medal. 

Meritorious Service Medal. 

Long Service and Good Conduct 


Militia Long Service Medal. 
Yeomanry Long Service Medal. 
Volunteer Long Service Medal. 
Territorial Force Efficiency Medal. 
Royal Humane Society's Medal. 
Order of Osmanieh. 
Order of Mejidie. 
Legion of Honour. 
St. George's Medal (Russian) 




the Admiralty 


Luminous 'Campaign' Watch 

This fine movement wristlet watch was first 
used in grtat numbers at Omdurman, and 
desert experience is the sevtrest test 

watch can have. 

During the last Boer War it renewed its 
high reputation for reliability under trying 

It is compensated and jewelled. In silver 

case with stout inner dome. 

It is fitted with a luminous dial, which shows 

the time on the blackest of nights. 

2 : 10 : 


Silnrtmutu lo Hi. M.pMy K Gorf, V, VfU 

158-162 Oxford Street 2 Queen Victoria Street 220 Regent Street 

Manufactory : The Royal Works, Sheffield 

British Army Medals and 

Handsome Plate, 30in. by 20in., in Colours, showing 

all medals both sides (1800 to present day), together 1 o 

with correct ribbons and bars. A ^ 

Regimental Ribbons and 
Buttons of the British Army 

Size, 33in. by 21in. In Colours, correct reproduction 

of silk ribbons and regimental crested buttons. j o 

116 designs. In handsome covers. AO 

Crests and Badges of the 
Regiments of Yeomanry 

in daily use. Size, 30in. by 20in. In Gold and 
Colours. New Edition, 56 designs. In handsome 1 o 
covers. A3* 

Contains a correctly coloured sketch from life of 

all Ranks and Ratings from an Admiral to a Boy, 1 o 

and other illustrations. A3 




Flags of the British Empire 
and National Flags 

Beautifully printed in correct Colours, including International 
Code Signal Flags ; Admirals' Flags of different Nations ; 
British Semaphore Signs and Significations ; Special Coast 
Flags ; Signals of Distress ; Flags of the Royal Yacht Clubs 
and where stationed ; International Code of Signals for 
Communication between Fishery Cruisers and Fishing 
Vessels in the North Sea ; Colonial Flags and Badges ; 
Morse Code and Signals for Pilots. Compiled in | o 
accordance with latest regulations. -LO 

Crests of the Royal Navy 

Size, 34in. by 21|in. In Gold and Colours. 108 
designs. In handsome covers. 

British Army Crests and 

in daily use. Size, 35in. by 23in. In Gold and "I c 
Colours. 108 designs. In handsome covers. JLo. 





say Officers on 
Active Service 

(or the simple reason that 
they are not waterproof. 
A Mackintosh is the only 
wear if you want to keep dry. 
The"SUWOROFF"i 8 a 
in weight, but very strong, 

Price 2 17 6 

Detachable Fleece 
Lining 110 

In this ooat, weighing about 2i !bs., 
is used nearly 1 J Ibs. of pure rubber 
which is protected from wear by beini 
faced on both sides with the cloth. 
The method adds immensely to the 
life of the coat. 

Medium weight, cut for 
riding if necessary 376 

Write for complete 
Illustrated Booklet. 


, L 

90-92 Cross Street. 

2 Conduit Street, W. 
359-361 Euston Road, N.W. 


72 St. Vincent St. 

SEP 2 3 1912