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Full text of "Register [containing a list of persons employed in the department and in the diplomatic, consular and territorial service of the United States, with maps showing where the ministers and consuls are resident abroad : also a list of the diplomatic officers and consuls of foreign countries resident within the United States] : corrected to .."

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REGISTER 



OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



NOVEMBER 10, 1913 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1913 



REGISTER 



OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF STATE 



NOVEMBER 10, 1913 




WASHINGTON 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1913 

C/ 



6>^ 



/ 



* <9 3rj,/^i^ 



/f/o" 



'i/^. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

I. Secretaries of State ; 7 

II. Counselors for the Department of State g 

III. Assistant Secretaries of State g 

IV. Second Assistant Secretaries of State 10 

V. Third Assistant Secretaries of State 10 

VI. Chief Clerks of the Department of State 11 

VII. Officers and Clerks of the Department of State 12 

VIII. Organization of the Department of State 18 

IX. Diplomatic Service of the United States 22 

X. Clerks in the Diplomatic Service of the United States 25 

XI. Classification of Consulates-General and Consulates 26 

XII. Consular Districts 28 

XIII. Tariff of United States Consular Fees 32 

XIV. Compensation of Consular Agents 33 

XV. Consular Service of the United States 34 

Consuls-General at Large 34 

Consular Officers in Abyssinia, 35; Argentina, 35; Austria-Hungary, 35; • 
Belgium, 35; Brazil, 35; Chile, 35; China, 36; Colombia, 37; Costa 
Rica, 37; Cuba, 37; Denmark and Dominions, 37; Dominican Re- 
public, 37; Ecuador, 37; France and Dominions, 37; German Empire, 
3g; Great Britain and Dominions, 40; Greece, 44; Guatemala, 44; 
Haiti, 45; Honduras, 45; Italy, 45; Japan, 45; Kongo, 46; Liberia, 46; 
Mexico, 46; Morocco, 47; Netherlands and Dominions, 47; Nicaragua, 
48; Norway, 48; Oman, 48; Panama, 48; Paraguay, 48; Persia, 48; 
Peru, 48; Portugal and Dominions, 48; Roumania, 49; Russia, 49; 
Salvador, 49; Servia, 49; Siam, 49; Spain and Dominions, 49; Sweden, 
50; Switzerland, 50; Turkey and Dominions, 50; Uruguay, 51; Vene- 
zuela, 51; Zanzibar, 51. 

Consular Assistants 52 

Interpreters (promoted from Corps of Student Interpreters) 52 

Student Interpreters in China 53 

Student Interpreters in Japan 53 

Student Interpreters in Turkey 53 

XVI. Biographical Statement Respecting Persons Serving Under Appointment of the 

Department of State, at home or abroad 5^ 

XVII. Biographical Statement of Diplomatic Officers and Consuls-General, Consuls, 
Consular Assistants, Interpreters, and Student Interpreters who have died or 

retired from the Service since January i, igo6 114 

XVIII. Regulations Concerning Precedence of Diplomatic Agents 132 

XIX. Regulations Governing Appointments and Promotions in the Diplomatic Service 

and for the Improvement of the Personnel of the Department of State 132 

Information for Applicants Desiring Appointment to Secretaryships of Em- 
bassy or Legation, 134; Posts in the American Diplomatic Service, 
135; General Information Regarding Secretaries in the Diplomatic 
Service, 135; Information Regarding Clerical Appointments in the 
Diplomatic Service, 136; Sample Examination for the Diplomatic 
Service, 136. 

3 



REGISTER OE THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 



I SECRETARIES OF STATE (1789-1913). 



Presidents. 



Secretaries of State. 



George Washington ' 1 homas Jefferson, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties March 22, 1790. 



Retired December 31, 1793. 



Do Edmund Randolph, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties January 2, 1794. Retired August ig, 1795. 



Date of commission. 



Do.. 



Do 

John Adams.. 



Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania (Secretary of War) 

Ad interim August 20, 1795, to December 9, 1795. 

Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania 

Entered upon duties December 10, 1795. Retired May 12, 1800. 

Charles Lee, of Virginia (Attorney-General) 

Ad interim May 13, 1800, to June 5, 1800. 

Do ' John Marshall, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties June 6, 1800. 



Do.. 



Retired February 4, 1801. 

Do John Marshall, of Virginia (Chief Justice of the United States).. 

Ad interim February 4, 1801, to March 4, 1801. 

Thomas Jefferson Levi Lincoln, of Massachusetts (Attorney-General) 

Ad interim March 4, 1801, to May i, 1801. 

Do James Madison, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties May 2, iSoi. 

James Madison Robert Smith, of Maryland 

Entered upon duties March 6, 1809 



Retired March 3, i8og. 
Retired April i, 1811. 



Do James Monroe, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties April 6, 1811. Retired September 30, 1814. 

Do James Monroe, of Virginia (Secretary of War) 

Ad interim October i, 1814, to February 28, 1815. 

Do James Monroe, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties March 



1815. Retired March 3, 1817. 



James Monroe | John Graham (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim March 4, 1817, to March g, 1817. 

Do Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania (Attorney-General). 

I Ad interim March 10, 1817, to September 22, 1817. 



Do John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts 

! Entered upon duties September 22, 1817. 



Retired March 3, 1825. 



John Quincy Adams 1 Daniel Brent (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim March 4, 1825. to March 8, 1825. 



Do Henry Clay, of Kentucky 

Entered upon duties March 9, 1825 



Retired March 3, 1829. 



.\ndrevv Jackson James A. Hamilton, of New York 

Ad interim March 4, 1829, to March 27, 1829. 



Do Martin Van Buren, of New York 

Entered upon duties March 28, 1829. Retired May 23, 1831. 

Do I Edward Livingston, of Louisiana.. 

Entered upon duties May 24, 183: 



Do ' Louis McLane, of Delaware 

; Entered upon duties May 29, 1833. 

Do J 

,, . ,r n H John Forsyth, of Georgia 

Martin Van Buren f | Entered upon duties July i, 1834. 

William H. Harrison J. L. Martin (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim March 4, 1841. 

Do j 

TohnTvler ' Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts. 



Retired May 29, 1833. 

Retired June 30, 1834. 

Retired March 3, 1841. 



Entered upon duties March 5, 1841. Retired May 8, 1843. 



Do Hugh S. Legare, of South Carolina (Attorney-General) 

Ad interim May g, 1843, to June 20, 1843. Died June 20, 1843. 

Do William S. Derrick (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim June 21, 1843, to June 23, 1843. 



September 26, 1789. 
January 2, 1794. 

December 10, 1795. 

May 13, 1800. 

March 5, i8oi. 
March 6, 1809. 
April 2, i8n. 

February 28, 1815. 

March 5, 1817. 

March 7, 1825. 
March 4, 1829. 
March 6, i82g. 
May 24, 1831. 
May 29, 1833. 
June 27; 1834. 

March 5, 1841. 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Presidents. 



Secretaries of State. 



John Tyler 

Do 

Do 

Do 

James K. Polk 

Zachary Taylor j 

Millard Fillmore \ 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Franklin Pierce 

Do 

James Buchanan 

Do 

Do 

Abraham Lincoln j 

Andrew Johnson ) 

Ulysses S. Grant 

Do 

Rutherford B. Hayes 

James A. Garfield j 

Chester A. Arthur ( 

Do 

Grover Cleveland 

Benjamin Harrison 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Grover Cleveland 

Do 

Do 

William McKinley 

Do 

Do 

Do (^ 

Theodore Roosevelt I 



Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia (Secretary of the Navy) 

Ad interim June 24, 1843, to July 23, 1843. 

Abel P. Upshur, of Virginia 

Entered upon duties July 24, 1843. Died February 28, 1844. 

John Nelson, of Maryland (Attorney-General) 

Ad interim February 29, 1844, to March 31, 1844. 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 

Entered upon duties April i, 1844. Retired March 10, 1845. 

James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania „ 

Entered upon duties March 10, 1845. 



Retired March 7. 1849. 



John M. Clayton, of Delaware 

Entered upon duties March 8, 1849. Retired July 22, 1850. 

Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts 

Entered upon duties July 23, 1850. Died October 24, 1852. 

Charles M. Conrad, of Louisiana (Secretary of War) 

Ad interim September 2, 1852, to November 5, 1852. 

Edward Everett, of Massachusetts 

Entered upon duties November 6, 18 



Retired March ^, i8s 



William Hunter, jr. (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim March 4, 1853, to March 7, 1853. 

William L. Marcy, of New York 

Entered upon duties March 8, 1853. Retired March 6, 1857. 

Lewis Cass, of Michigan 

Entered upon duties March 6, 1857. Retired December 14, 18 

William Hunter, jr. (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim December 15, 1S60, to December 16, i860. 

Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennsylvania 

Entered upon duties December 17, li 



William H. Seward, of New York.. 
Entered upon duties Marcli 6, i8i 

Elihu B. Washburne, of Illinois 

Entered upon duties March 5, i8( 



!6o. Retired March 5, i? 

Retired March 4, 1869. 

Retired March 16, 1869. 



Hamilton Fish, of New York 

Entered upon duties March 17, 1869. 

Recommissioned 

Retired March 12, 1877. 

William M. Evarts, of New York 

Entered upon duties March 12, 1S77. Retired March 7, 1881. 

James G. Blaine, of Maine 

Entered upon duties fvlarch 7, 1881. Retired December 19, 1881. 

Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 

Entered upon duties December 19, 1881. Retired March 6, 1885. 

Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware 

Entered upon duties March 7, iS 

James G. Blaine, of Maine 

Entered upon duties March 7, i£ 



Retired March 6, 18 



Retired June 4, 1892. 

William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (Assistant Secretary) 

Ad interim June 4, 1892, to June 29, 1892. 

John W. Foster, of Indiana 

Entered upon duties June 29, 1892. Retired February 23, 1893. 

William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts (Assistant Secretary) 

Ad interim February 24, 1893, to March 6, 1893. 

Walter Q. Gresham, of Illinois 

Entered upon duties March 7, 18 



Died May 28, 18 



Edwin F. Uhl, of Michigan (Assistant Secretary).. 
Ad interim May 28, 1895, to June 9, 1895. 

Richard Olney, of Massachusetts.. 
Entered upon duties June 10, i8c 



Retired March 5, 1897. 



John Sherman, of Ohio 

Entered upon duties March 6, 1897. Retired April 27, 18 

William R. Day, of Ohio 

Entered upon duties April 28, i£ 



Retired September 16, 1898. 

Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia (Second Assistant Secretary).. 
Ad interim September 17, 1898, to September 29, 1898. 

John Hay, of the District of Columbia 

Entered upon duties September 30, 1898. 

Recommissioned 

Recommissioned 

Died July i, 1905. 



Date of commission. 

July 24, 1843- 

March 6, 1844. 
March 6, 1845. 
March 7, 1849. 
July 22, 1850. 

November 6, 1852. 

March 7, 1853. 
March 6, 1857. 

December 17, i860. 

March 5, 1861. 

March s, 1869. 

March 11, 1869. 
March 17, 1873. 

March 12, 1877. 

March 5, 1881. 

December 12, 1881. 

March 6, 1885. 

March 5, 1889. 

June 29, 1892. 

March 6, 1893. 

June 8, 1895. 
March 5, 1897. 
April 26, 1898. 

September 20, 1898. 

March 5, 1901. 
March 6, 1905. 



ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Presidents. 



Secretaries of State. 



Date of commission. 



Theodore Roosevelt Francis B. Loomis, of Ohio (Assistant Secretary) ] 

Ad interim July i, 1905, to July i8, 1905. i 

Do Elihu Root, of New York ' July 7, 1905. 

Entered upon duties July 19, 1905. Retired January 27, 1909. 

Do Robert Bacon, of New York ' January 27, 1909. 

Entered upon duties January 27, 1909. Retired March 5, 1909. 

William H. Tait Philander C. Knox, of Pennsylvania '. March 5, 1909. 

[ Entered upon duties March 6, 1909, Retired March 5, 1913. 

Woodrovv Wilson William Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska March 5, 1913. 

I Entered upon duties March 5, 1913. 



II.— COUIVSEI.ORS FOR THE DEPARTIflEIVT OF STATE (1909-1913). 



Counselors for the Department of State. 



Date of commis- 
sion. 



Henry M. Hoyt, of Pennsylvania 

Entered upon duties August 27, igog. Died November 20, igic. 

Chandler P. Anderson, of New York 

Entered upon duties December 16, igio. Retired April 22, 1913 

John Bassett Moore, of New York 

Entered upon duties April 23, 1913. 



August 21, igog. 
December 16, 191c 
April 21, 1913. 



Ill — ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF STATE (1853-1913). 



Assistant Secretaries of State. 



Ambrose Dudley Mann, of Ohio 

Retired May 8, 1855. 

William Hunter, jr., of Rhode Island (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim May 9, 1855, to October 31, 1855. 

John A. Thomas, of New York 

Entered upon duties November i, 1855. Retired April 3, 1857. 

John Appleton, of Maine : 

Entered upon duties April 4, 1857. Retired June lo, i860. 

William H. Trescot, of South Carolina 

Entered upon duties June 11, i860. Retired December 20, i860. 

William Hunter (Chief Clerk) 

Ad interim March i, 1861, to March 5, 1861. 

Frederick W. Seward, of New York 

Entered upon duties March 6, 1861. Retired March 4, 1869. 

J. C. Bancroft Davis, of New York 

Entered upon duties April i, 1869. Retired November 13, 1871. 

Charles Hale, of Massachusetts 

Entered upon duties February 19, 1872. Retired January 24, 1873. 

J. C. Bancroft Davis, of New York 

Entered upon duties January 25, 1873. Retired June 30, 1874. 

John L. Cadwalader, of New York 

Entered upon duties July i, 1874. Retired March 20, 1877. 

Frederick W. Seward, of New York 

Entered upon duties March 21, 1877. Retired October 31, 1879. 

John Hay, of Ohio 

Entered upon duties November i, 1879. Retired May 3, 1881. 

Robert R. Hitt, of Hlinois 

Entered upon duties May 4, 1881. Retired December 19, 1881. 

J. C. Bancroft Davis, of New York 

Entered upon duties December 20, 1881. Retired July 7, 1882. 

John Davis, of the District of Columbia 

Entered upon duties July 8, 1882. Retired February 23, 1885. 

James D. Porter, of Tennessee 

Entered upon duties March 21, 1885. Retired September 10, 1887. 



Date of commis- 
sion. 



March 23, 1853. 
May 8, 1855. 
November i, 1855. 
April 4, 1857. 
June 8, i860. 
March i, 1861. 
March 6, 1861. 
March 25, 1869. 
February ig, 1872. 
January 24, 1873. 
June 17, 1874. 
March 16, 1877. 
November i, 1879. 
May 4, i88i. 
December ig, i88i. 
July 7, 1882. 
March 26, 1885. 



lO 



ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF STATE. 



Assistant Secretaries of State. 



George L. Rives, of New York 

Entered upon duties November 21, 1887. Retired March 5, 1889. 

William F. Wharton, of Massachusetts 

Entered upon duties April 11, 1889. Retired March 20, 1893. 

Josiah Quincy, of Massachusetts 

Entered upon duties March 21, 1893. Retired September 22, 1893. 

Edwin F. Uhl, of Michigan 

Entered upon duties November 11, 1893. Retired February u, 18 

William Woodville Rockhill, of Maryland 

Entered upon duties February 14, 1896. Retired May 10, 1897. 

William R. Day, of Ohio 

Entered upon duties May 11, 1897. Retired April 27, 1898. 

John B. Moore, of New York 

Entered upon duties April 28, 1898. Retired September 16, 1898. 

David J. Hill, of New York 

Entered upon duties October 25, 1898. Retired January 28, 1903. 

Francis B. Loomis, of Ohio , 

Entered upon duties February 9, 1903. Retired October 10, 1905. 

Robert Bacon, of New York 

Entered upon duties October 11, 1905. Retired January 27, 1909. 

John Callan O'Laughlin, of the District of Columbia 

Entered upon duties January 28, 1909. Retired March 5, 1909. 

Huntington Wilson, of Illinois 

Entered upon duties March 6, 1909. Retired March ly, 1913. 

John E. Osborne, of Wyoming 

Entered upon duties April 21, 1913. 



Date of commis- 
sion. 



November 19, 1887. 

.•\pril 2, 1889. 
March 20, 1893. 
November I, 1893. 
February 11, i8g6. 
May 3, 1897. 
April 27, 1898. 
October 25, 1898. 
January 7, 1903, 
September 5, 1905. 
January 27, 1909. 
March 5, 1909. 
April 21, 1913. 



IV SECOIVO ASSISTAI^IT SECRETARIES OF STATE (1866-1913). 



Second Assistant Secretaries of State. 



Date of commis- 
sion. 



William Hunter, of Rhode Island July 27, 18 

Entered upon duties July 27, 1866. Died July 22, 1886. 



Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia i Augusts, i 



Entered upon duties August 6, 1886. 




V.-THIRD ASSISTAI^T SECRETARIES OF STATE (1875-1913). 


Third Assistant Secretaries of State. 


Date of commis- 
sion. 



John A. Campbell, of Wyoming [ February 24, 1875. 

Entered upon duties February 24, 1875. Retired November 30, 1877. 

Charles Payson, of New York June 11, 1878. 

Entered upon duties June 22, 1878. Retired June 30, 1881. 

Walker Blaine, of Maine July i, 1881. 

Entered upon duties July i, 1881. Retired June 30, 1882. 

Alvey A. Adee, of the District of Columbia July iS, 1SS2. 

Entered upon duties July 18, 1882. Retired August 5, 1886. 

John B. Moore, of Delaware I August 3, i886. 

Entered upon duties August 6, 1886. Retired September 30, 1891. 

William M. Grinnell, of New York February 11, 1892. 

Entered upon duties February 15, 1892. Retired April 16, 1893. 

Edward H. Strobel, of New York ' April 13, 1893. 

Entered upon duties April 17, 1893. Retired April 16, 1894. 

William Woodville Rockhill, of Maryland 1 April 14, 1894. 

Entered upon duties April 17, 1894. Retired February 13, 1896. 

William Woodward Baldwin, of New York ] February 24, 1896. 

Entered upon duties February 29, 1896. Retired April i, 1897. , 

Thomas Wilbur Cridler, of West Virginia April 8, 1897. 

Entered upon duties April 8, 1897. Retired November 15, 1901. 



CHIEF CLERKS. 



I I 



Third Assistant Secretaries of State. 



Date of commis- 
sion. 



Herbert H. D. Peirce, of Massachusetts November 15, 1901. 

Entered upon duties November 16, igoi. Retired June 22, 1906. 

Huntington Wilson, of Illinois , June 22, 1906, 

Entered upon duties July 2, 1Q06. Retired December 30, 19 

January 11, 1909. 
September 25, 1909. 
April 21, 1913. 



William Phillips, of Massachusetts 

Entered upon duties January 11, igog. Retired October 13, 1909. 



Chandler Hale, of Maine 

Entered upon duties October 14, 1909. Retired April 21, 1913. 

Dudley Field Malone, of New York 

Entered upon duties April 22, 1913. 



VI.— CHIEF CI.ERKS OF THE DEPAKTMEWJT OF STATE (1789 1913). 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Henry Remsen, jr 

Roger Alden 

Henry Remsen, jr 

George Taylor, jr 

Jacob Wagner 

John Graham 

Daniel Brent 

Asbury Dickins 

Aaron Ogden Dayton 

Aaron Vail 

J. L. Martin 

Daniel Fletcher Webster 

William S. Derrick 

Richard K. Cralle 

William S. Derrick 

Nicholas P. Trist 

Williain S. Derrick 

John Appleton 

William S. Derrick 

William Hunter, jr 

Robert S. Chew 

William Hunter, jr 

Robert S. Chew 

Sevellon A. Brown 

James Fenner Lee 

Sevellon A. Brown 

Robert S. Chilton, jr 

William W. Rockhill 

Edward I. Renick 

William H. Michael 

Charles Denby.. 

Wilbur J. Carr 

William McNeir 

Ben G. Davis 



N. Y. 
Conn 
N. Y. 
N. Y. 
Pa.... 
Va.... 
Va.... 
N. C. 
N. J. 
N. Y. 
N. C. 
Mass 
Pa.... 
Va.... 
Pa ... 
Va.... 
Pa.... 
Me... 
Pa.... 
R. I... 
Va.... 
R. I... 
Va.... 
N. Y. 
Md... 
N. Y. 
D. C. 
Md... 
Ga ... 
Nebr 
Ind... 

Ohio I May 

Mich Nov. 

Nebr Apr. 



Date of 
appointment. 



Jan. 

Sept. 

Apr, 

Feb. 

July 

Sept. 

Aug. 

Dec. 

June 

July 

Mar. 

Apr. 

Apr. 

Mar. 

Aug. 

Apr. 

Jan. 

Apr. 

May 

May 

Nov. 

July 

Aug. 

Feb. 

Feb. 

Feb. 

Apr. 

Apr. 

May 

Nov. 



I, 1790 

—,1790 

1,1792 

8,1798 

1,1807 

22,1817 

23.1833 

13.1836 

26,1838 

16,1840 

6,1841 

27,1843 

10,1844 

11,1845 

28,1845 

15.1847 

26,1848 

26,1848 

17.1852 

8,185s 

1.185s 

27,1866 

7.1873 

1,1888 

II, 1890 

IS. 1893 
14,1893 
17,1894 
20,1897 
16,1905 
8,1907 
30,1909 
23,1913 



Date of 

retirement. 



Dec. 

July 
Mar. 
Feb. 
Mar. 
July 
Aug. 
Dec. 
June 
July 
Mar. 
Apr. 
Apr. 
Mar. 
Aug. 
Apr. 
Jan. 
Apr. 
May 
May 
Oct. 
July 
Aug. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Apr. 
Apr. 
May 
Nov. 
Apr. 
Nov. 
Apr. 



789 
790 
792 
798 
807 
817 
833 
8^6 
838 
840 
841 
843 
844 
845 
845 
847 



852 
8S5 
855 
866 
873 



893 
894 
897 

905 
907 
909 



12 OFFICERS AND CLERKS. 

VII. OFFICERS AIVD CI.FRKS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE. 



Names, offices, and salaries. 



Where Whence 

born. appointed. 



Nebr. 



Secretary of State {$12,000). 

William Jennings Bryan 

Counselor for the Department of State ($7,500). 

John Bassett Moore ! Del ! N. Y. 

Solicitor {$5,000). 

Joseph W. Folk 

The Assistant Secretary oj" State {$5,000). 
John E. Osborne i N. Y. 



Ill 



Tenn. 



Mo. 



Wyo. 



Second Assistant .Secretary of State {$4,500). 

Alvey A. Adee 

Third Assistant Secretary of State {$4,500). 

(With the added duty of Chief, Division of Western European 
Affairs.) 
Dudley Field Malone 

Director of the Consular Service {$4,500). 
Wilbur J. Carr 

Chief Clerk {$3,000). 



N. Y D. C. 



N. Y. 



Ohio. 



Date of appointment. 

March 5, 1913. 
April 21, 1913. 
September 22, 1913. 
April 21, 1913. 
August 3, 1886. 



N. Y ■ April 21, 1913. 



N. Y. 



Ill, 



Wis.. 



Nebr. 



Mont. 
Ky... 



Ben G. Davis 

Foreign Trade .Advisers {$4,500). 

Robert F. Rose 

William B. Fleming j Ky . 

Chief of the Division of Latin-.4>nerican Affairs {$4,500). 
Boaz W. Long Ind N. Me.x. 

Chief of the Division of Far Eastern A /fairs {$4,500). \ 

1 
Ransford S. Miller N. Y N. Y 

Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs {$5,000). \ 

Albert H. Putney i Mass ' 111 

Chief of the Di/>loinatic Bureau {$2,250). 

Sydney Y. Smith 

Chief of the Consular Bureau {$2,250). 

Herbert C. Hengstler 

Chief of the Bureau of Appointments {$2,100). 

Miles M. Shand N. J N. J. 

Chief of the Bureau of Citizenship {$2,100). 

Richard W. Flournoy, jr 

Chief of the Bureau of Indexes and Archives {$2, lod). 

John R. Buck 

Chief of the Bureau of Accounts and Disbursing Clerk {$2.joo). 

William McNeir 



D. C. 



Ohio. 



D. C. 



Ohio. 



Va. 



Me, 



D. C. 



Md. 



Me, 



Mich. 



Chief of the Bureau of Rolls and Library {$2,100). | j 

John A. Tonner 1 Ohio ■ Ohio. 



November 30, igog. 
April 23, 1913. 

June s, 1913. 
August 29, 1913. 

May 14, 1913. 
August 31, igog. 
September 12, igi3. 
April 8, 1897. 
May g, igoj. 
November 2, igo8. 
November 27, igo8. 
July 2, 1906. 
April 23, 1913. 
November 30, 1909. 



OFFICERS AND CLERKS. 



13 



Names, offices, and salaries. . 



Chief of the Division of Information (Ss,ooo). 
John H. James 

Translators {$2^100). 

John S. Martin, jr 

Wilfred Stevens 

Assistant Solicitors {$3^000). 

Frederick Van Dyne 

Lester H. Woolsey 

Edwin M. Borchard 

Private Secretary to the Secretary of State (S3,^00). 

Manton M. Wyvell 

Assistant Chief of the Division of Latin- A inerican A ff'airs{$s,ooo). 

Calvin Milton Hitch 

Assistant Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs (Sj^ooo). 
Percival Heintzleman 

Law Clerks ($2 ^^00). 

Henry L. Bryan 

Fred K. Nielsen" 

Clerk to the Secretary of State (S/,Soo) 

William F. Kelley 

Assistant Law Clerk {$i^soo). 
Charles H. Miller t. 

Clerks of the fourth class {$l,Sod). 



Where Whence r«-.. c • . 

born. .appointed. Date of appointment. 



Ohio ! Ohio August 30, 1913. 



Pa 

Minn . 



Pa 

Minn. 



June 25, 1900. 
February n, 1904. 



N. Y 



N. Y I June 22, igio. 



N. Y. 
N. Y, 



N. Y. 
N. Y., 



August I, 1913. 
September 2, 1913. 



N. Y ! N. Y i March 12, 1913. 

Ga Ga , July 2, 1913. 

Pa Pa June27, 1911. 



Julian Taylor 

T. John Newton " 

Edward L. Whitehouse 

John T. Coughlin 

Ward A. Fitzsimmons , 

Charles H. Campbell , 

David A. Salmon 

Wallach A. McCathran 

George L. Brist 

Charles Lee Cooke 

William Robert McDowell 

Charles B. Welsh 

Joseph R. Baker 

VVallace J. Young 

Edward C. Stewart 

Leonard A. Merritt 

Elisha J. Babcock , 

Clerks of the third class ($1 ,bod). 

Thomas Griffin" 

Margaret M. Hanna 

George H. Schultze" 



D. C ] D. C November i, 1909. 

Denmark..! Nebr August i, 1913. 

Ohio Nebr October i, 1913. 

D. C D. C December 17, igoQ. 

Va Va October I, 1887. 

England... D. C May 11, 1893. 

Me Me.... 

Md ! Mich.. 

Pa Pa I June 15, 1904. 

D. C D. C May 24, 1905. 

Conn Conn March 4, 1907. 

D. C D. C July r, 1908. 



November 4. 1895. 
June 25, 1900. 



Wis... 
D. C. 
111.... 
Pa.... 



Iowa November 2, 1908. 

D. C August 2, 1909. 

S. Dak December i, 1909. 

Pa June 27, 1911. 



N. Y j Okla.. 

Pa Ill 

D. C D.C.. 

Wis Minn. 

N. Y D. C. 



November 20, 1911. 
February 7, 1912. 
March i, 1912. 
August 22, 1912. 
August 24, 1912. 



Ireland D. C 1 October n, 1901. 

Mich Kans March 4, 1907. 

Germany J R. I ' March 4, 1907. 



H 



OFFICERS AND CLERkS. 



Names, offices, and salaries. 

Clerks of the third class — Continued. 

John D. Johnson 

Paul Webster Eaton 

Henry G. Crocker 

Worthington E. Stewart 

Maitland S. Wright 

Edward B. Russ 

Percy F. Allen 

Aloysius Wenger" 

Otis G. Stanton 

Jacob A. Metzger 

James L. Duncan 

Charles M. Barnes 

Frank N. Bauskett 

Thomas Morrison" 

Howard R. Barnes 

Seth E. Tracy 



Where 
•born. 



Whence 
appointed. 



Date of appointment. 



Clerks of the second class {$1^400). 

Andrew P2. Marschalk 

Mary Greer 

Wilbur Underwood 

James S. Skinner 

Maud M. Crane 

Clarence E. Sisler 

Marianna Davis 

George B. Stambaugh 

Stephen H. Quigley 

Charles Jenkinson 

Ethel L. Lawrence 

Roger S. Drissel 

Charles L. Wade 

J. Hubbard Bean 

Bert L. Hunt 

Charles W. Williams 

Herbert P. Middleton 

Walter W. Le Mat 

Clinton E. MacEachran 

Arthur J. Decker 

John H. Prince 

Robert S. Clayton 

Harry A. Havens 

James A. O'Keefe 

Bertha S. Davis 



Vt 

Me 

Wis 

Mich ..., 
Minn .... 

Mo 

Md 

Switz.... 

Ind 

Ohio 

Conn .... 

Va 

S. C 

Canada 

Ohio 

Tex 

Ga 

D. C 

D. C 

Tex 

D. C 

D. C 

Ohio 

Pa 

Md 

R. I 

N. Y 

Pa 

D. C 

W. Va.. 

Pa 

D. C 

Mo 

Md 

Mass .... 

D. C 

N. C 

Mo 

N. Y 

N.J 

Va 



Vt June I, iQOQ. 

D. C June 23, igog. 

Cal December i, 1909. 

I 

Ohio I Januarys, 1910. 

Wash October 21, 1910. 

Pa ! December 31, 1910. 

P. R June 27, 1911. 

La June27, 1911. 

Ind I November 20, 1911. 

I 

Ohio March i, 1912. 

Conn ' August 22, 1912. 

Va 

S.C 



August 24, 1912. 

April I, 1913. 

N. Y I April 23, 1913. 

N. H I June 4, 1913. 

Tex I August I, 1913. 

D. C I May 24, 1905. 

Ohio I July 2, 1906. 

i 
D. C I March 4, 1907. 

Tex ....: March 4, 1907. 

D. C j Octobers, 1907- 

D. C ! July I, 1908. 

1 
Ohio ' July I, 1908. 

Pa I July I, 1908. 

Md \ June 23, 1909. 

R. I j June 23, igog. 

Kans : December i, igog. 

Pa I December I, 1909. 

D. C ! Januarys, igio. 

D. C I October 11, igio. 

N. Y ! December 23, 1910. 

Pa I December 31, igio. 

N. Y 1 November 20, igii. 



Md November 20, igii. 

Mass March I, 1912. 

D. C I January 21, igi3. 

S. C I April I, 1913. 

N. J I June 4, 1913. 

N. Y August I, 1913. 

D. C I September 10, 1913. 

Va I October i, igi3. 



OFFICERS AND CLERKS. 



15 



Names, offices, and salaries. 



Where 



Clerks of the first class {$1,300). 

Mary W. Goss N. Y.. 

Lucy E. Abbot I Ohio.. 

Mary D. Moore D. C.. 

Gilbert F. Randolph N. J... 

Edna K. Hoyt Mich . 

David Stuart Waters D. C. 

Frank H. Peabody ; • Ohio.. 

Nina G. Romeyn Kans. 

Laura R. Cramer...., Md .... 

Frances R. Hough j Ohio.. 

Jennie Cook Bopp ■ i N. Y.. 

Owen F. Mullen , Pa 

Frances M. Marsh | Pa 

Emily S. Morrison N. Y.. 

Glenn A.Smith Tenn . 

Albert W. Willard \ Me 

Archibald S. Pinkett ! Ya 

Dora \. Coddington Iowa . 

Edwin Tarrisse Pa 

Donald A. De Lashmutt Md .... 

Edgar A. Shreve Va 

Dwight W. Fisher Ohio.. 

Clinton R. Whitney : I D. C. 

Duane E. Washburn Ohio.. 

William J. Kavanagh , N. Y.. 

Thomas Griffin, jr D. C 

Edward T. Hynes D. C... 

Henry P. Dugan Pa 

Richard C. Tanis» I Neth.. 

Humphrey D. Howell \ D. C. 

Joseph W. McMahon \ Conn . 

J. Ross Tilford I N. Y.. 

Roger B. Piatt N. Y.. 

Caroline S. Larner ! D. C.. 

W. Ford Cramer D. C. 

Lilla L. Page Ky .... 

Lucy S Fitzhugh Ky .... 

Winfield S. Byars Ill 

Alice M. Blandford , D. C. 

John F. Doyle j N. Y.. 

William H. Smith | R. I.... 

Rutherfurd Bingham ! Mo .... 

Ada Mixon i Ark.... 



Whence 

appointed. 


Date of appointment. 


N. Y 


November 4, iSi^s- 


Ohio 


January 6, 1896. 
October i, igoi. 


Va 


D. C 


July I, 1902. 


Mich 


July I, 1904. 


D. C 


December 4, 1905. 


Ohio 


July 2, igo6. 


Ind 


March 4, 1907. 


Md 


March 4, 1907. 


D C 


May 13, 1907. 
July I, 1908. 


Iowa 


Pa 


July I, 1908. 
April 16, 1909. 
June I, 1909. 
December i, 1909. 


Pa 


N Y 


Tenn. 


Conn 


December 20, 1909. 


Pa 


January 3, 1910. 


Iowa 


July I, igio. 


D. C 


September i, 1910. 


D. C 


October 11, 1910. 


Ya 


October 21, igio. 


D. C 


April I, 1911. 
April I, igii. 


Conn 


N. C 


May I, 1911. 


N. Y 


May 26, 1911. 


D. C 


June 27, igii. 


Va 


June 27, rgii. 


D. C 


July I, 1911. 


N.J 


October 5, ign. 


D. C 


October 6, igii. 


Conn 


November 13, 1911. 


D. C 


August 8, 1912. 


N. Y 


August 22, 1912. 


D. C 


August 24, 1912. 
August 24, 1912. 
January 21, 1913. 
April 1, 1913, 


N. Y 


Md 


Ky 


Ill 


April 22, 191 3. 


D. C 


June 11, 1913. 


Ill 


August I. 1913. 


R.I 


September 10, 1913. 


D. C 


September 20, 1913. 


Ark 


October i, 1913. 



i6 



OFFICERS AND CLERKS. 



Names, offices, and salaries. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 
appointed. 



Date of appointment. 



Clerks of the Si ,000 class. 
Alfred Cammack" England... D. C March 6, 1900. 



Edwin G. Balinger D. C 

William F. Marshall I R. I 

Arthur A. Chenay" , Canada.. 

Frank X.Ward Pa 

James E. McKenna ! Mass 

Margaret H. Went worth [ Ohio 

Alton R. Hodgkins | Me 

I 

James M. Durant , Miss 

Frances S. Osborne Pa 

John L. Mitchell i Pa 

Winifred Mallon I N. Y 

Ethel G. Christenson Ind. 



Russell C. Jones Kans. 

Stephen Latchford Md .... 

Annie S. Renick | Va 

Jordan Herbert Stabler '• Md .... 

Jeanette Klees j Md .... 

Clerks 0/ the $qoo class. 

Harvey E. Fenstermacher I Pa 

Harry G. Reigner Pa 

Daisy Loomis Le Flohic 1 Conn. 

Milo E. Henry Ill 

Bertin F. Toulotte D. C. 

Jane B. Bassett Conn . 

Franklin E. Vestal | 111 

Albert V. Caffee Ohio... 

Basil B. Postlethwaite Ind.... 

Thomas C. Malone j N. J .. 

Harvey B Otterman ! Pa 

Herbert O. Yardley 1 Ind.... 

Ralph H. Ackerman I N. J .. 

Walter B. Jernigan N. C.. 

Stedman S. Hanks j Mass . 



Va April i, ign. 

R.I June 27, 1911. 

Tex October 6, igii. 

Pa November 13, ign. 

Mass March 29, 1912. 

N. Y ' June 7, 1912. 

Me August 22, 1912. 

Md August 24, 1912. 

Pa August 24, 1912. 

Pa October 22, 1912. 

N. Y i December 30, 1912 

Ind.... 
Kans. 
D. C. 



January 21, 1913. 
May I, 1913. 
August I, 1913. 



D. C j September 17, 1913. 

Md September 20, 1913. 

D. C October i, 1913. 



Pa June 17, ign. 

I 
Pa I June28, 1911. 

Conn , July II, 1911. 

Ill : October 30, 1911. 

D. C I January 26, 1912. 

Conn I March 29, 1912. 

Ill ' June 7, 1912. 

Ky ; Junei3,i9i2. 

Ind August 27, igi2. 

N. J November i, 1912. 

Pa December 6, 1912. 

Ind ' December 9, 1912. 



Francis L. Albert Iowa , 

Albert W. Bryan Md.... 

Fred M. Rose Mo .... 

Mark J. Ryan 

Chief messenger {S/,000). 



Edward A. Savoy.. 



William Freer 

John S. Butler 

Richard H. Hawkins. 

Lloyd Sharps 

Charles M. Pugh 



Messengers ($840). 



N. Y. 
D. C. 



N. J.. 
N. C. 
Mass . 
Iowa . 
Md.... 
Mont. 
N. Y.. 



D. C. 



Md.... 
Md .... 
Md.... 
Nebr 
Pa 



Md 

D. C. 
D. C. 

Nebr, 
Pa 



January 9, 1913. 
February 14, 1913. 
May 20, 1913. 
July I, 1913. 
August 20, 1913. 
September 8, 1913. 
October 31, 1913. 

November 30, igoi. 

December 5, 1901. 
July I, 1902. 
November i, 1906. 
July I, igo7. 
July 13, 1909. 



OFFICERS AND CLERKS. 



17 



Names, offices, and salaries. 



Where Whence 
born. appointed. 



D. C. 
D. C. 

Md ... 
111.... 
Va.... 



Date of appointment. 



August I, 1893. 
July I, 1902. 
July I, igo2. 
July 21, 1902. 
July I, 1903. 



Assistant inessengers {S720). 

Russell N. Boyd j Ga 

John Barry" I Ireland. 

.\lbin F. Fairall : Md 

Edwin P. Walker ! HI 

Robert P. Leftridge Va 

Levi Austensen " I Norway ... Minn , November i, 1905. 

Howard Sangston I D- C D. C November i, 1905. 

Colbert S. Sypha.x | D. C j D. C | July 2, 1906. 

Isaac Edwards j Pa I D. C July 2, 1906. 

Frank Johnson | Va 1 Va July 12, 1906. 

James O. Holmes j D. C D. C December i, 1906. 

Carothers H. Smith 1 Va 

Charles E. Dyson ! N. Y 

George Scott ! Md 

Samuel Cole" 1 England. 

Irving Jackson I D. C 

Daniel L. Reed Te.x 

Charles Reeder Colo 

.\. Russell Wooding Mo 

Thomas Sayers I Pa 

John L. Butler j Md 

William D. Evans j D. C 

John L. Hargreaves | Tex 

Guy B. Booth | Pa 

Augustus Lee 



V^a July I, 1907. 

D. C October 15, 1907. 

D. C March 2, 190S. 

D. C I December 14, 1908 

D. C July 13, 1909. 

Tex August II, 1909. 

D. C February 10, 1910. 

Mo May 7, 1910. 

N. Y July I, 1910. 

D. C August 24, 1912. 

D. C August 24, 1912. 

Tex I August 24, 1912. 



D. C August 24, 1912. 



D. C Pa November 5, 1912. 



Packer ($726). 



Md. 



James S. Swann 

Telephone switchboard operator ($726). 

Bella Hargreaves 1 N. Y. 

Assistant telephotie switchboard operator {Sdoo). 

Alice M. Covel 1 N. V. 

Laborers ($600). 
William VV'. Havvlev Va.... 



Md. 



Tex. 



October 16, 1907. 
August 13, 1907. 



George Webb ; Va.... 

William H. Dorsey i Md ... 

Louis S. Myers i D. C. 

Messenger boy ($420). 1 

Hvman Goldstein N. Y. 



N. Y , September 25, 1907. 

D. C August 22. 1907. 

Va August 13, 1910. 

Md I November 24, 1911. 

D. C April 6, 1912. 



Md. 



February 3, 1912 



S 1 1 70- 



15 ORGANIZATION. 

VIII ORGA.IVIZATIOIV OF THE UEPARTIflEI^T OF STATE. 

CHIEF CLERK. 

General supervision of the clerks and employees and of departmenia! matters; charge of the 

property of the Department. 

Ben G. Davis, Chief Clerk. 

Howard R. Barnes. Duane E. Washburn. Alice M. Blandford. 



DIPLOMATIC BUREAU. 

Diplomatic correspondence and miscellaneous correspondence relating thereto. 

Sydney Y. Smith, Chief of Btireau. 

Julian Taylor, Assistant Chief of Bureau. 

Wallach A. McCathran. Frank N. Bauskett. Mary W. Goss. 

Elisha J. Babcock. Frances M. Marsh. Ada Mixon. 

Paul Webster Eaton. Dora I. Coddington. Winifred Mallon. 

Worthington E. Stewart. Edwin Tarrisse. Russell C. Jones. 
Edward B. Russ. 



DIVISION OF LATIN-AMERICAN AFFAIRS. 

Diplomatic and consular correspondence, on matters other than those of an administrative charac- 
ter, in relation to Mexico, Central America, Panama, South America, and the West Indies. 

Boaz W. Long, Chief of Division. 

Calvin Milton Hitch, Assistant Chief of Division. 

Jordan Herbert Stabler. Rutherfurd Bingham. 

John T. Coughlin. Charles Jenkinson. Richard C. Tanis. 

Caroline S. Earner. Clinton E. MacEachran. Stephen Latchford. 



DIVISION OF FAR EASTERN AFFAIRS. 

Diplomatic and consular correspondence, on matters other than those of an administrative charac- 
ter, in relation to Japan, China and leased territories, Siberia, Hongkong, French Indo- 
China, Siam, Straits Settlements, Borneo, East Indies, India, and, in general, the Far East. 

Ransford S. Miller, Chief of Division. 

Percival Heintzleman, Assistant Chief of Division. 

Jacob A. Metzger. 



DIVISION OF NEAR EASTERN AFFAIRS. 

Diplomatic and consular correspondence, on matters other than those of an administrative charac- 
ter, in relation to Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Roumania, Servia, Bulgaria, Monte- 
negro, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Abyssinia, Persia, Egypt, and colonies belonging to countries 
of this series. 

A USER r H. Putney, Chief of Division. 

Roger B. Platt. 



ORGANIZATION. 1 9 

DIVISION OF WESTERN EUROPEAN AFFAIRS. 

Diplomatic and consular correspondence, on matters other than those of an administrative charac- 
ter, in relation to Great Britain (Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and British colonies not 
elsewhere enumerated), Portugal, Spain, France, Morocco, Belgium, the Kongo, Switzerland, 
Norway, Sweden, the. Netherlands, Luxemburg, Denmark, and Liberia. 

Supervised by the Third Assistant Secretary of State. 

Charles Lf.k Cooke, Assistant Chit'/ of Division. 

Charles W. Williams. Francis L. Albert. 



CONSULAR BUREAU. 

Consular correspondence and miscellaneous correspcmdence relating thereto. 

Herbert C. Hengstler, Chief of Bureau. 

Edward L. Whitehouse, Assistant Chitf of Bureau. 



Charles H. Campbell. Arthur J. Decker. James M. Durant. 

lohn D. Johnson. Harry A. Havens. John L. Mitchell. 

George L. Brist. Mary D. Moore. Albert V. CafYee. 

Clarence E. Sisler. Owen F. Mullen. Harvey B. Ottermar 

Maud M. Crane. Glenn A. Smith. Walter B. Jernigan. 

Ethel L. Lawrence. Albert W. Willard. 

Charles L. Wade. Humphrey D. How 



lowell. 



BUREAU OF APPOINTMENTS. 

Custody of the Great Seal and applications for office, and the preparation of commissions, exequa- 
turs, warrants of extradition, Department Register, diplomatic and consular lists, and con- 
sular bonds: correspondence and other matters regarding entrance examinations for the 
foreign service. 

Miles M. Shand, Chief of Bureau. 

Wallace J. Young, Assistant Chief of Bureau. 

Percy F. Allen. William J. Kavanagh. Milo E. Henry. 

Stephen H. Quigley. Edward T. Hynes. 



BUREAU OF CITIZENSHIP. 

Examination of applications for passports, issuance of passports and authentications; receiving 
and filing duplicates of evidence, registration, etc., under act of March 2, 1907, in reference to 
expatriation of citizens and their protection abroad; keeping of necessary records thereunder; 
conduct of correspondence in relation to the foregoing. 

Richard W. Fi.our.\oy, Jr., Chief of Bureau. 

Walter W. Le Mat, Assistant Chief of Bureau. 

Jennie Cook Bopp. Albert W. Bryan. Basil B. Postlethwaite. 

Bertha S. Davis. Lilla L. Page. Alfred Cammack. 



20 



ORGANIZATION, 



BUREAU OF INDEXES AND ARCHIVES. 

Recording and indexing the general correspondence of the Department; custody of the archives; 

telegraph and cipher communication. 

John R. Buck, Chief of Bureau. 

T. John Newton, Assistant Chief of Bureaii. 

Nina G. Romeyn. 
Edgar A. Shreve. 
DwightW. Fisher. 
Henry P. Dugan. 
Joseph W. McMahon. 
Winfield S. Byars. 
John F. Doyle. 
Margaret H. Wentworth. 
Arthur A. Chenay. 
Frank X. Ward. 



David A. Salmon. 
Edward C. Stewart. 
George H. Schultze. 
James L. Duncan. 
Wilbur Underwood. 
James S. Skinner. 
Roger S. Drissel. 
J. Hubbard BeanT 
James A. O'Keefe. 
Frank H. Peabodv. 



James E. McKenna 
Ethel G. Christenson. 
Annie S. Renick. 
Harvey E. Fenstermacher. 
Daisy Loomis Le Flohic. 
Franklin E. Vestal. 
Herbert O. Yardley. 
Mark J. Ryan. 



BUREAU OF ACCOUNTS. 

Custody and disbursement of appropriations and indemnity funds, and correspondence 

relating thereto. 

William McNeir, Chief of Bureau. 
Ward A. Fitzsimmons, Assistant Chief of Bureau. 
Leonard A. Merritt. Andrew E. Marschalk. Emily S. Morrison. 

Maitland S. Wright. George B. Stambaugh. W. Ford Cramer. 

Thomas Morrison. Herbert P. Middleton. Frances R. Hough. 



BUREAU OF ROLLS AND LIBRARY. 

Custody of the rolls, treaties, etc.; promulgation of the laws, treaties. Executive orders, and procla- 
mations; care and superintendence of the library and public documents; care of papers relating 
to international commissions. 

John A. Tonner, Chief of Bureau. 

William Robert y[cT>o\VKLi., Assistant Chief of Bureau. 

Otis G. Stanton. Lucy E. Abbot. Lucy S. Fitzhugh. 

Thomas Griffin, jr. Laura R. Cramer. Alton R. Hodgkins. 



DIVISION OF INFORMATION. 

The preparation and distribution to the foreign service of diplomatic, commercial, and other cor- 
respondence and documents important to their information upon foreign relations; editing 
"Foreign Relations" of the United States. 

John H. Jame.s, Chief of Division. 
Charles B. Welsh, Assistant Chief of Division. 
Aloysius Wenger. Mary Greer. David Stuart Waters. 



OFFICE OF THE TRANSLATOR. 
John S. Martin, Jr., 



Wilfred Stevens, \ 
Edna K. Hoyt 



Translators. 



ORGANIZATION. 2 1 



Private Secretary to the Secretary of State. — Manton M. Wyvell. 

Clerks to the Secretary of State. — William F. Kelley, John H. Prince. 

Clerk to the Counselor. — Jane B. Bassett. 

Clerk to the Assistant Secretary. — J. Ross Tilford. 

Clerk to the Second Assistant Secretary. — Margaret M. Hanna. 

Clerks to the Third Assistant Secretary. — Bert L. Hunt, Stedman S. Hanks. 

Clerk to the Director of the Constilar Service. — Clinton R. Whitney. 

Stationery Room. — Thomas Griffin, Gilbert F. Randolph. 

Afail Clerk. — Robert S. Clayton. 

Lithographer. — Walter Scott. 



OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR. 

Determination of questions of municipal and international law, claims of citizens of the United 
States against foreign governments, claims of subjects or citizens of foreign governments 
against the United States, applications for the extradition of criminals, and matters relating 
to international arbitrations. 

Joseph W. Folk, Solicitor. 
Frederick Van Dyne, "1 

Lester H. Woolsev, > Assistant Solicitors. 
Edwin M. Borchard, J 

Fred K. Nielsen, Law Clerk. 

Joseph R. Baker. Donald A. De Lashmutt. William F. Marshall. 

Henry G. Crocker. William H. Smith. Bertin F. Toulotte. 

Seth E. Tracy. Jeanette Klees. 



OFFICE OF FOREIGN TRADE ADVISERS. 

Robert F. Rose, ) „ . ^ , 

„, x, ■ T- -poreip-n Trade Advisers. 

William B. Fleming, \ ^ 

Marianna Davis. Edwin G. Balinger. Harry G. Reigner. 

Charles M. Barnes. Frances S. Osborne. Fred M. Rose. 



OFFICE OF THE LAW CLERK. 

Editing and indexing the laws, resolutions, public treaties, and proclamations for publication in 

the Statutes at Large. 

Henry L. Bryan, Law Clerk. 

Charles H. Miller, Assistant Law Clerk. 



22 



DIPLOMATIC SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



IX.— DIPLrOHIATIC SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



To what 
country ac- 
credited. 



Name and rank. 



Residence. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 



Argentina.. 



Austria-Hungary. 



Belgium 



Bolivia ... 
Brazil... 

Bulgaria 



Chile. 



Colombia ... 
Costa Rica. 
Cuba 



Dominican Re- 
public. 

Ecuador 



France 



German Empire. 



John W. Garrett, E. E. & M. P 

(ieorge L. Lorillard, Sec. of Leg 

Lt. Ciuy Whitlock, Nav. Att 

Maj. James A. Shipton, Mil. Att 

Frederic Courlland Penfieid, Amb. E. & P 

U. Grant-Smith, Sec. of E,mb 

Arthur Hugh Frazier,(i<; 2d Sec. of Emb... 
Lt. Com. Richard Drace While, Nav. Att.. 

Capt. Allan \.. Briggs. Mil. Att 

Theodore Marburg, E. E. & M. P 

b'red Mdiris Dcaring, Sec. of Leg 

Col. John S. Parke, Mil. Att 

John D. O'Rear, E. E. & M. P 

Charles E. Stangeland, ' Sec. of Leg 

Edwin V. Morgan, Amb. E. & P 

J. Butler Wright,'-' Sec. of Emb 

Franklin Mott Gunther,'' 2d Sec. of Etnb.. 

Nav. Att... 

Maj. I-'refk'rick R.Johnston, Mil. Att 

Charles J. Vopicka," E. E. & M. P.'i 

Charles Campbell, jr., c Sec. of Leg. & C.G.. 

ist Lt. Sherman Miles, Mil. Att 

Henry P. Fletcher, E. E. & M. P 

Roland B. Harvey, f Sec. of Leg 

Lt. Com. Alfred W. Johnson, Nav. Att 

Capt. Earl Biscoe, Mil. Att 

Paul S. Reinscb, E. E. & M. P 

John Van A. MacMurray.c" Sec. of Leg ... 

Willys R. Peck,".'/ Chinese Sec 

George T. Summerlin, 2d Sec. of Leg 

Raymond P. Tenney,« a Asst. Chinese Sec. 

Alexander Krisel, Stud. Int 

Carl D. Meinhardt, Stud. Int 

Lt. Com. Lyman A. Cotten, Nav. Att 

Lt. Com. Irving V. Gillis, Att 

Maj. Albert J. Bowley, Mil. Att 

Capt. Thomas Holcomb, jr., Att 

Thaddeus Austin Thomson, E. E. & M. P 

Leland Harrison,'" Sec. of Leg 

Edward J. Hale, E. E. & M. P 

M. Marshall Langhorne, Sec. of Leg 

William E. Gonzales, E. E. & M. P 

Hugh S. Gibson,'- Sec. of Leg 

Francis Travis Co.xe, ' 2d Sec. of Leg 

Cnl. Herbert J. Slocum, Mil. Att 

Maurice Francis Egan, E. E. & M. P 

Alexander R. Magruder," f Sec. of Leg... 

Capt. Guy Cushman, Mil. Att 

James M. Sullivan," E. E. & M. P 

William W. Smith,' Sec. of Leg. & C. G.. 

Charles S. Hartman, E. E. & M. P 

William P. Cresson,'' Sec. of Leg 

Mil. Att... 

Myron T. Herrick, Amb. E. & P 

Robert Woods Bliss, Sec. of Emb 

Sheldon Whitehouse,t: 2d Sec. of Emb 

\yarren D. Robbins, « 3d Sec. of Emb 

Maj. Spencer Cosby, Mil. Att 

Com. Henry H. Hough, Nav. Att 

James W. Gerard, Amb. E. & P 

Joseph C. Grew," Sec. of Emb 

Willing Spencer, s 2d Sec. of Emb 

Albert B. Ruddock,* 3d Sec. of Emb 

Lt. Com. Walter R. Gherardi, Nav. Att... 
Maj. George T. Langhorne, Mil. Att 



Buenos Aires Md 

Buenos Aires R. I 

Buenos Aires Minn 

Buenos Aires Ohio 

Vienna Conn 

Vienna Pa 

Vienna Ger 

See Italy Mo 

Vienna 1 Conn 

Brussels Md 

Brussels • Mo 

Brussels Tenn 

La Paz Mo 

La Paz Iowa 

Rio de Janeiro N. Y 

Rio de Janeiro... N. V 

Rio de Janeiro... N. Y 

Rio de Janeiro... 

Riode Janeiro...: Iowa 

See Roumania... Boliemia 

See Roumania... Mo 

Sofia I). C 

Santiago Pa 

Santiago Md 

Santiago 1 Pa 

Santiago ' D. C 

Peking Wis 

Peking I N. Y 

Peking '• China 

Peking La 

Peking China ... 

Peking N. J 

Peking N. Y 

See Japan ; N. C 

Peking | Pa 

Peking Cal 

Peking | Del 

Bogota Tex 

Bogota I N. Y 

San Jose | N. C 

San Jose I Va 

Habana S. C 

Hahana 1 Cal 

Habana I Pa 

Habana ; Ohio 

Copenhagen ' Pa 



Md 

R.I 

Navy.. 
Army. 

Pa 

Pa 

Pa 

Navy.. 
Army.. 

Md 

Mo 

Army.. 

Mo 

Wash.. 
N. Y... 
Wyo... 
Va 



Dec. 
Feb. 
Mar. 
Sept. 
July 
Sept. 
Aug. 
Apr. 
.Tuly 
Nov. 
July 
May 
■ June 
Feb. 
Jan. 
July 
Aug. 



Copenhagen 

See Sweden 

Santo Domingo 

Santo Domingo. 

Quito 

Quito 

See Peru 

Paris 

Paris 

Paris 

Paris :.., 

Paris 

Paris 

Berlin 

Berlin 

Berlin 

Berlin 

Berlin .' 



France 

R.I 

Irelajid . 

K-y 

Ind 

Del 



Army.. 

Ill 

Va 

Army.. 

Pa 

Md 

Navy.. 
Army. 

Wis 

D. C... 

Cal 

La 

Mass .. 
N. Y... 
N. Y... 
Navy.. 
Navy.. 
Army.. 
Navy.. 
Te.x ... 

Ill 

N. C... 

Va 

S. C ... 

Cal 

Pa 

Army.. 
D. C... 

Md 

Army.. 
N. Y... 
Ohio... 
Mont.. 
Nev ... 



Nov. 

I Sept. 
Mar. 
Mar. 
Dec. 
June 
Feb. 
June 
Aug. 
Sept. 

I Sept. 
July 
Sept. 
Mar. 
Mar. 
Dec. 
May 
Nov. 
Dec. 
June 
Feb. 
June 
Feb. 
June 
July 
Sept. 
Sept. 
June 
May 
Dec. 
Aug. 
Nov. 
July 
Aug. 



Ohio 

Mo : 

N. Y 

N. Y j 

Md 

Miquernj 

N. Y 

Mass 

Pa ' 

111 ! 

Hawaii.. 



Berlin ' Ky 



Ohio... 
N. Y... 
N. Y... 
Mass .. 
Army.. 
Navy.. 
N. Y... 
Mass.. 

Pa 

Ill 

Navy.. 
.\rmy.. 



Feb. 15, 
Feb. I, 
Mar. 2, 
Mar. 2, 
Aug. 7, 
Nov. 8, 
July 28, 
Sept. 12, 
Aug. ig, 
Feb. I, 
May 14, 
Aug. 12, 



913 
913 

9J3 
912 

909 
gi2 
912 
Q12 
913 
913 
913 

QII 

912 
912 
911 
911 
911 
911 
913 

gi2 

913 

912 

913 
911 
912 
912 
907 
913 
912 

913 
913 
913 
913 



Corn- 



Date of 

r.^fZ'.A 1 commission. Pf."^^" 
pointed. , tion. 



912 
912 
911 
gii I 
913 
gio I 

913 ' 

912 

gii 

912 

913 

913 



DIPLOMATIC SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



23 



To what 
country ac- 
credited. 



Name and rank. 



Residence. 



Where 
born. 



Great Britain. 



Greece. 



Guatemala . 



Haiti 

Honduras. 



Italy 



Japan 



Liberia . 



Luxemburg 
Mexico 



Montenegro . 



Morocco 

Netherlands.. 

Nicaragua 

Norway 



Panama .. 
Paraguay . 



Walter Hines Page, Amb. E. & P 

Irwin H. Laughlin, Sec. of Emb 

Edward Bell,' 2d Sec. of Emb 

Hallett Johnson,' 3d Sec. of Emb 

Com. Powers Symington, Nav. Att 

Lt. Col. George O. Squier, Mil. Att 

E. E. & M. P.m... 

Frederic Ogden de Billier,c Sec. of Leg... 

ist Lt. Sherman Miles, Mil. Att 

William Hayne Leavell, E. E. & M. P 

Hugh R. Wilson,' Sec. of Leg 

Mil. Att... 

Madison R. Smith, E. E. & M. P 

John Ewing, E. E. & M. P , 

Perry Belden, '' Sec. of Leg 

Thomas Nelson Page, Amb. E. & P 

Post Wheeler,"; Sec. of Emb 

Alexander Benson, <" ."d Sec. of Emb .....'.... 

Lt. Com. Richard Drace White, Nav. Att.. 

Col. George M. Dunn, Mil. Att 

George W. Guthrie, Amb. E. & P 

Arthur Bailly-Blanchard, Sec. of Emb 

Charles Jonathan Arnell,!/ Japanese Sec. 
and Int. 

Ralph B. Strassburger, '■ 2d Sec. of Emb... 

Frank D. Arnold, t' 3d Sec. of Emb 

John K. Caldwell, » .\sst. Japanese Sec 

Henry B. Hitchcock, Stud. Int 

Eugene H. Dooman," Stud. Int 

Lt. Com. Lyman A. Cotten, Nav. Att 

Col. James A. Irons, Mil. Att 

Maj. George H. R. Gosman, Att 

Capt. George M. Brooke, Att 

ist Lt. Orlando C. Troxel, Att 

ist Lt. Charles Burnett, Att 

ist Lt. Ralph S. Keyser, Att 

George W. Buckner, Minister Resident &C.Q... 

Richard C. Bundy,' Sec. of Leg 

Maj. Charles Young, Mil. Att. 

Henry Van Dyke, E. E. & M. P.o 

James G. Bailey, Sec. of Leg 

Amb.E.&P...| 

Nelson O'Shaughnessy, Sec. of Emb 

2d Sec. of Emb... 

3d Sec. of Emb... 

Capt. William A. Burnside, Mil. Att 

E. E. & M. P.m... 

Frederic Ogden de Billier,cSec. of Leg... 

ist Lt. Sherman Miles, Mil. Att 

E. E. 4 M. P.. 

Sec. of Leg... 

Henry Van Dyke, E. E. 4 M. P. » 

James G. Bailey, Sec. of Leg 

Lt. Com. Walter R. Gherardi, N^v. Att... 

Benjamin L. Jefferson, E. E. 4 M. P 

Arthur Mason Jones,' Sec. of Leg 

Albert 0. Schmedeman, E. E. 4 M. P 

Francis Munroe Endicott,^ .Sec. of Leg... 

Capt. Guy Cushman, Mil. Att 

William J. Price, E. E. 4 M. P 

Cyrus F. Wicker, ■-• Sec. of Leg 

Nicolay A. Grevstad," E. E. 4 M. P.P 

H. F. .\rthur Schoenfeld, '' Sec. of Leg 

Mil. Att... 



London N. C. 

London Pa 

London N. Y.. 

London N. Y.. 

London Md .... 

London Mich 

Athens 

Athens N. Y.. 

See Bulgaria D. C.. 

Guatemala S. C... 

Guatemala Ill 

Guatemala 

Port au Prince Mo.... 

Tegucigalpa Ala.... 

Tegucigalpa N. Y.. 

Rome Va 

Rome N. Y.. 

Rome Pa 

Rome Mo.... 

Rome Ind.... 

Tokyo Pa 

Tokyo La 

Tokyo 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



N. Y... 

Pa 

N. Y... 
N.J... 
Navy.. 
Army.. 



Date of 
commission. 



Com- 
pensa- 
tion. 



D. C... 
Army- 
Miss... 
Ill 



Apr. 21 
Sept. 12 
Sept. 4 
Aug. 22 
Aug. 24 
Mar. 12 



July 28 
Feb. 17 
Oct. i6 
Feb. I 



Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Tokyo 

Monrovia 

Monrovia 

Monrovia 

See Netherl'ds... 
See Netherl'ds... 

Mexico 

Mexico 

Mexico 

Mexico 

Mexico 

See Greece 

See Greece 

See Bulgaria 

Tangier 

Tangier 

The Hague 

The Hague 

See Germany 

Managua 

Managua 

Christiania 

Christiania 

See Sweden 

Panama 

Panama 

See Uruguay 

See LVuguay 

See Uruguay 



Pa 

Pa 

Ohio... 
Conn .. 
Japan. 
N. C... 

Pa 

N. Y... 

Ya 

Ill 

Tenn .. 

Va 

Ky 

Ohio... 

Ky 

Pa 

Ky 



Mo 

La 

N. Y... 

Va 

Wash.. 

Pa 

Navy.. 
Army.. 

Pa 

La. ... 
Wash.. 

N. Y... 

Pa 

Ky 

N. Y... 
N. Y... 
Navy.. 
Army.. 
Army.. 
Army.. 
Army.. 
Army.. 
Navy.. 

Ind 

Ohio... 
Army.. 
N. J... 
Ky 



Aug. 15 
Sept. 10 
Feb. I 
June 21 
Feb. I 
Aug. 22 
Apr. 24 
Nov. 29 
May 20 
Feb. I 
Sept. 7 

Mar. I 
Aug. 22 
Dec. 4 
Mar. 12 
Mar. 12 
Dec. 30 
Nov. 8 
Mar. 25 
Sept. 18 
Mar. 25 
j Mar. 25 
! Dec. 16 
Sept. 10 
Mar. 31 
Dec. II 
June 27 
Feb. I 



N. Y N. Y. 



1913 
igi2 
1913 
1912 
1912 
1912 



igio 
1913 

1913 
1912 



$17,500 
3pOOO 
2,000 
1 ,200 



1913 
1913 
1912 
1913 
1912 
1912 
1912 
1911 

1913 
1912 

1909 

1913 
1912 
1909 
1912 
1912 
1911 

1913 
1911 

1913 
1911 
1911 
1911 

1913 
1910 
1911 

1913 

1912 



Mar. 



Ohio Army Dec. 2, 



N. Y. 
D. C. 



D. C... 

Army.. 



Pa 

Ky 

Hawaii.. 

Ga 

N. Y 

Wis 

N. Y 

R.I 

Ky 

Mich 

Norway 
R. 1 



N. J... 

Ky 

Navy.. 
Colo... 
N. Y... 

Wis 

Mass .. 
.A.rmy.. 

Ky 

N. Y... 

Ill 

D. C... 



July 28, 
Feb. 17, 



1910 
1913 



June 27, 
Feb. 1, 
May 14, 
June 21 
Feb. I, 
July 21, 
Feb. I, 
Dec. 19, 
Aug. 20, 
Mar. I, 
June 30, 
Aug. 12, 



1913 
1912 
1913 
1913 
1912 
1913 
1912 
1912 

•9'3 
1913 
1911 

1913 



10,000 
2,000 



10,000 

2, 000 



10,000 
10,000 
2,000 
17 • 500 
3,000 
2,000 



17,500 
3,000 
3,600 

2,000 
1,200 
2,000 
1,000 
1,000 



5, 000 
2,000 



12,000 
2,625 

17.500 
3,000 
2,000 
1,200 

10,000 
2,000 

10,000 
2,000 

12,000 
2,625 

10,000 
2,000 

10,000 
2,000 

io,ooo 
2,000 

10,000 
2,000 



24 



DIPLOMATIC SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



To what 
country ac- 
credited. 



Name and rank. 



Persia I Charles W. Russell, E. E. & M. P 

Craig W.Wadswonh, 'Sec. of Leg.& C.G.. 

Ralph H. Bader,!/Int 

Peru Benton McMlllin, E. E. & M. P 

Richard E. Pennoyer, ' Sec. of Leg 

Mil.Att... 

Portugal Thomas H. Birch, E. E. & M. P 

William \V. Andrews. ' Sec. of Leg 

Roiimania Charles J. Vopicka," E. E. & IW. P.'i 

Charles Campbell, jr., c Sec. of Leg. &C.G.. 

ist Lt. Sherman Miles, Mil. Att 

Russia Amb. E. & P.. 

Charles S. Wilson, Sec. of Emb 

Frederick A. Sterling,! ^d Sec. of Emb 

Fairman R. Furness, ' 3d Sec. of Emb 

i Com. Henry H. Hough, Nav. Att 

Mil. Alt... 

Salvador William Heimke," E. E. & M. P 

Thomas Hinckley,' Sec. of Leg. & C. G... 

Servia Charles J. Vopicka," E. E. & M. P.3 

Charles Campbell, jr.,'- Sec.of Leg.cScC.G.. 

ist Lt. Sherman Miles, Mil. Att 

Siam Fred W. Carpenter, E. E. & IW. P 

Sheldon L. Crosby,' Sec. of Leg. «& C. G.. 

Leng Hui, Int 

Spain Joseph E. Willard, Amb. E. & P 

Gustave Scholle,'-' Sec. of Leg 

Capt. Norton E. Wood, Mil. Att 

Sweden Charles H.Graves, E. E. & M. P 

Jefferson Caffery, ' Sec. of Leg 

Capt. Guy Cushman, Mil. Att 

Switzerland Pleasant A. Stovall, E. E. & M. P 

Sec. of Leg... 

Maj. Edward P. Lawton. Mil. Att 

Lt. Feli.\ X. Gygax, Att 

Turkey ; Henry Morgenfhau," Amb. E. & P 

Hoffman Philip, Sec. of Emb 

Turkish Sec... 

G. Cornell Tarler,'" .;d Sec. of Emb 

3d Sec. of Emb... 

Arthur H. Leavitt,ff Asst. Turkish Sec 

A. Van Hemert Engert," Stud. Int 

I Montefiore Judelsohn, Stud. Int 

' Maj. John R. M. Taylor, Mil. Att 

Egypt OIney Arnold, Agl. & C.G 

Uruguay Nicolay A. Orevstad," E. E. & M. P. P 

H. F. Arthur Schoenfeld,' Sec. of Leg 

i Mil. Att... 

Venezuela Preston McGoodwin, E. E. & M. P 

Henry F. Tennant,' Sec. of Leg 



Residence. 



Where 

born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Com- 
pensa- 
tion. 



Teheran 

Teheran 

Teheran 

Lima 

Lima 

Lima 

Lisbon 

Lisbon 

Bucharest 

Bucharest 

Sec Bulgaria . 



W. Va... D. C. 

Pa N. V. 

Va Va 

Ky Tena. 

Cal Cal.... 



Dec. 21,1909 $10,000 

Aug. 22,1912 2,000 

July i,iQi2 1,000 

July 2, 1Q13 10,000 

Aug. 12,1913 I 2,000 



N.J N. J.... 

Ohio Ohio... 

Bohemiai 111 

Mo I Va 

D. C Army.. 



Sept. 10,1913 
Aug. 22, 1912 
Sept. 1 1 , 1913 
Mar 1,1913 
Mar. 28,1912 



10,000 
2,000 

10,000 
2,000 



St. Petersburg. 

St. Petersburg..., 
St. Petersburg... 
St. Petersburg... 

See France 

St. Petersburg... 

San Salvador 

San Salvador 

-See Roumania... 
See Roumania... 

See Bulgaria 

Bangkok 

Bangkok 

Bangkok 

Madrid 

Madrid 

Madrid 

Stockholm 

Stockholm 

Stockholm 

Berne 

Berne 

Berne 

Berne 

Constantinople 



Me Me .... 

Minn 1 Tex.... 

Pa Pa 

Miquel'n Navy. 



France .. 

D. C 

Bohemia 

Mo 

D. C 



Feb. 1,1912 
Aug. 22,1912 
Aug. 22,1912 
Nov. 8,1910 



Kans.. 
D. C... 

Ill 

Va 

Army. 



Minn ! Cal 

N. y N. Y... 

Siam j Siam .. 

D. C Va 

Cal : Minn.. 

Me 1 Army.. 

Mass ! Minn .. 

La La 

R. I Army. 

Ga Ga 



Aug. 5, 
Feb. I, 
Sept. II, 
Mar. I , 
Mar. 28, 
Sept. 12, 
Aug. 22, 
Aug. 27, 
Sept. 10, 
Mar. 2, 
May 17, 
Mar. 8, 
Sept. II , 
Dec. 19, 
June 21 , 



1909 
1912 
1913 
191.^ 
iqi2 
1912 
1912 
1901 

i9'3 
1911 

1913 
190S 
1913 
1912 

1913 



Constantinople.. 
Constantinople. 
Constantinople., 
Constantinople. 
Constantinople. 
Constantinople. 
Constantinople. 
Constantinople. 

Cairo 

Montevideo 

Montevideo 

Montevideo 

Caracas 

Caracas 



Ga j Army. 

Kans I Navy . 

Ger N. V... 

D. C i N. Y... 



Nov. 1,1913 
May 15, 1913 
Sept. 4,1913 
Aug. 22,1912 



N. Y. 



N. Y. 



Feb. 



I , 1912 



Mass N. H 

Austria..! Cal.. 

N. Y 

D. C 

R.I 

Norway 
R.I 



N. Y.. 
Array. 
R. I.... 

Ill 

D. C. 



Aug. 5,1912 
Mar. 12,1912 
Mar. i2,iqi2 
Apr. 20, 191 1 
Sept. 2,1913 
June 30, 1911 
Aug. 12,1913 



Ky ... 

N. Y. 



Okla. 

N. Y. 



Sept. 18,1913 I 
Aug. 2,1913 j 



17.500 
3,000 
2,000 

I,200 



10,000 
2,000 

10,000 
2,000 

10,000 
2,000 

Soo 

17.500 
2,625 

io,ooo 
2,000 



10,000 
2,000 



17.500 
3,000 
3,600 
2,000 
1,200 
2,000 
1,000 
1,000 

6,500 

10,000 
2,000 



10,000 
2,000 



DIPLOMATIC SERVICE OF THK UNITED STATES. 25 

X.— CliERKS IN the; DIPI.OMATIC SERVICE OF THE UI^ITED STATES. 



Post. 



Name. 



Where l)orn. 



Country. 



Whence ap- 
pointed. 



Argentina 

-\ustria 

Belgium 

Bolivia 

Brazil 

Chile 

China 

Do 

Colombia 

Costa Rica 

Cuba 

Denmark 

Dominican Republic. 

Ecuador 

France 

Do 

Do 

Germany 

Do 

Great Britain 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Greece 

Guatemala 

Haiti 

Do 

Honduras 

Italy 

Japan 

Do 

Liberia 

Me.xico 

Do 

Morocco 

Do 

Netherlands 

Nicaragua 

Norway 

Panama 

Persia 

Do 

Peru 

Portugal 

Roumania 

Russia 

Do 

Salvador 

Spain 

Do 

Sweden 

Switzerland 

Turkey 

Do 

Uruguay 

V'enezuela 



Buenos Aires 

Vienna 

Brussels 

La Paz ! 

Rio de Janeiro... 

Santiago 

Peking 

do 

Bogota 

San Jose 

Habana 

Copenhagen 1 

Santo Domingo..! 

Q«ito , 

Paris 

do 

do 

Berlin 

do 

London 

do 

do 

do 

Athens 

Guatemala 

Port au Prince... 
do 

Tegucigalpa 

Rome 

Tokyo 

do 

Monrovia 

Me.vico 

do 

Tangier 

do 

The Hague 

Managua 

Christiania | 

Panama j 

Teheran 1 

do 

Lima 

Lisbon 

Bucharest 

St. Petersburg... 
do 

San Salvador 

Madrid 

do I 

Stockholm [ 

Berne 

Constantinople ..1 
do 

Montevideo 

Caracas 



George S. Mella Argentina . 

Andrew W. Pentland I D. C 

Alexander Pendleton Cruger i Tex 



Argentina . 
Va 

N. V 



Date of 
appointment. 



June 
Oct. 
June 



Joseph E. Ponte Venezuela ! Bolivia June t, 



Wilber Jacob Eller ' Md 

William J. Cannon N. V 

Charles L. Morgan Va 

Frederick L. Rockwood Me 

Ethel Clarke ' Mass 

John J. Keyes« Ireland 

Joseph G. Groeninger 1 Md 

Ram<)n I. Janer ] Porto Rico. 

Isidoro Valencia | Ecuador.... 

Augustus Biesel" ! Germany... 

Ann Singleton i La 

Victor S. Frank | Mass 

Laurence H. Hoile England.... 

Charles B. Dyar Mass 

William L. Fairbanks | Mass 

Francis Hodson | England.... 

Emily F. Bax ; England.... 

Edward J. Hodson ] England.... 

Frank E. Masson ! Greece 

Carlos M. Palma Jamaica .... 

Charles A. Moore \ Pa 

Edgar Furbush 

Lynn W. Franklin 

William A. Newcome 

Harry F. Hawley 

M. Mdchizuki 

Guy B. Robbins 

Louis d'Antin" 

Charles B. Parker 



Ohio 

N.J 

N. Y 

N.J 

Japan .... 

Ind 

France ... 

^ Vt 

Ernest J. Dempster [ England. 

Joseph R. Cazes" ! Morocco. 

J. J. Helsdon Rix I England. 

Leonard Blake Modica '' N. H 

Norway . 

Peru 

Va 

India 

Mo 

Pa 

Ohio 

N. Y 



Alexander C. Wilse 

Louis A. Clausel" 

Ralph H. Baderff 

Feriborze B. Irani 

William W. Lewis 

Mary Kirk 

Frank A. A. Couche 

Francis Schlerath 

Alice M. Cave I Russia. 

Antony J. Perrone | N. Y 

Willis J. Plummer ' Va 

Enrique Trigueros j Spain 

Harry Alexander Hellgren ; 111 

John R. Weber \ Switzerland 

Frederick Wirth, jr i N. Y 

Hagop S. Andonian Turkey 

Francis B. Elvvell Del 

Richard J. Biggs, jr Md 



Md I Dec. 

N. V ' Oct. 

Ohio I May 

Cal Sept. 

Mass Aug. 

Ga , Sept. 

Md : Dec. 

D. C Oct. 

Ecuador Dec. 

N. Y June 

Fla I Sept. 

Mass j Aug. 

Germany Jan. 

Mass Dec. 

Mass Jan. 

England Oct. 

England Oct. 

England June 

Greece Sept. 

Guatemala Feb. 

Pa May 

Ohio July 

Md Jan. 

Cal Feb. 

N. Y Nov. 

Japan Dec. 

Nebr Aug. 

Tex Oct. 

Vt Oct. 

Morocco Nov. 

N. Y July 

Netherlands... July 

111 Dec. 

Norway ' Dec. 

D. C Aug. 

Va j Mar. 

Persia ; Mar. 

Tenn Aug. 

D. C Dec. 

N. Y Apr. 

N. Y Sept. 

Russia Sept. 

N. Y Apr. 

Va July 

Spain 

Ill 

Switzerland ... 

N. Y 

Turkey Nov. 

Conn Aug 

Md I Jan. 



Mar. 
Apr. 
Aug. 



903 
9'3 
qi3 

909 



912 
912 
912 
910 
912 
909 
911 
912 
901 
872 
gi2 
911 

903 
906 
911 
886 
902 
906 
902 



912 
gii 
909 
912 

913 
901 
911 
gi2 

905 
890 
912 
910 
912 
912 
912 

913 
911 
911 
909 
911 
912 
912 
896 

9'3 
898 
910 
909 
912 
912 



26 



CLASSIFICATION OF CONSULATES-GENERAL AND CONSULATES. 



XI CLASSIPICATIOIV OF COIVSUI^/lTES-GEIVERAIi AND COIVSUI.ATES. 

The act of May ii, igo8, amending the act for the reorganization of the consular service of the 
United States, approved April 5, 1906, provides: 

That the classification of consuls-general and consuls in section two of an Act entitled "An Act 
to provide for the reorganization of the consular service of the United States," approved April 
fifth, nineteen hundred and six, be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to read as follows: 

CONSULS-GENERAL. 

C/ass /. — Salary^ $l3,ooo (3 in all). 

London, Paris. 



Berlin, 
Habana, 



Hamburg, 
Hongkong, 



Cl.tss n.— Salary, $S,ooo (6 in all). 
Rio de Janeiro, 



Shanghai. 



Calcuiia, 
Cape Town, 



Class 11/.— Salary, 



\ooo is in all). 



Constantinople, 
Mexico City, 



Montreal, 
Ottawa, 



Vienna, 
Yokohama. 



Antwerp, 

Barcelona, 

Brussels, 



Auckland, 
Beirut, 
Boma, 

Buenos Aires, 
Callao. 



Adis Ababa, 

Bogota, 

Budapest, 

Athens. 



Class IV.— Salary, $3^00 {iz in all). 

Canton, Moscow, 

Frankfort, Panama, 

Marseille. Rotterdam, 

Class /-'. — Salary, $4,500 (17 in all). 

Coburg, Hankow, 

Dresden, Mukden, 

Genoa, Munich, 

Guayaquil, Singapore. 

Halifax, Vancouver, 

Class VI. — Salary, Ss^oo (9 in all). 

Guatemala, Monterey, 

Lisbon, Smyrna, 

Class V//. — .Salary, Sj,ooo (j in all). 

Christiania, Copenhagen. 



Seoul, 

Sydney (Australia), 

Tientsin. 



Winnipeg, 
Zurich. 



Stockholm, 
Tangier. 



CONSULS. 

Class /.—.Salary, SS,ooo. 

Liverpool. 

Class I/.— Salary, $6,000, 
Manchester. 



Amsterdam, 

Belfast, 

Bremen, 



Amoy, . 
Birmingham, 
Chefoo, 
Cienfuegos, 



Bahia, 

Bombay, 

Bordeaux, 

Colon, 

Dublin, 

Dundee, 



Class I//. — Salary, $j,ooo {q in all). 

Dawson. Johannesburg, 

Havre, Kobe, 

Class /v. — Salary, $4^00 (14 in all). 



Foochow, 
Glasgow, 

Kingston (Jamaica), 
Newchwang, 



Nottingham, 
St. Gall. 

Santiago (Cuba), 
Southampton, 



Class v.— Salary, $4,000 (22 in all). 

Harbin, Para, 

Leipzig, Pernambuco, 

Milan, Plauen, 

Nanking, Reichenberg, 

Naples, Santos, 

Nuremberg. Stuttgart, 



Lourenco Marques, 
Lyon. 



Valparaiso, 
Vera Cruz. 



Toronto, 
Tsingtau, 
Victoria, 
Warsaw. 



CLASSIFICATION OF CONSULATES-GENERAL AND CONSULATES. 



Class I'!. — Sit/nry, SSoOO {J4 in all). 



Alexandria, 

Apia, 

Barmen, 

Barranquilla, 

Basel, 

Berne, 

Bluefields, 

Bradford, 

Chemnitz, 



Aix la Chapelle, 

Aleppo, 

Barbados, 

Batavia, 

Belgrade, 

Burslem, 

Calais, 

Calgary, 

Carlsbad, 

Catania,* 

Colombo, 

Corinto, 

Dunfermline, 

Florence, 



Chungking, 

Cologne, 

Dalny, 

Durban, 

Edinburgh, 

Fiume, 

Geneva, 

Georgetown, 

Guadalajara, 



Mannheim, 

Montevideo. 

Nagasaki, 

Odessa, 

Palermo, 

Port Elizabeth, 

Prague, 

Quebec, 

Rangoon, 



Clasa VII. — Salary^ Sj,ooo (jj in a 



Frontera, 

Ghent, 

Hamilton (Ontario), 

Hanover, 

Harput, 

Huddersfield, 

Iquique, 

Iquitos, 

Jerusalem, 

Karachi, 

Kehl, 

La Guaira, 

Leghorn, 

Liege, 



://). 



Madras, 

Malaga, 

Managua, 

Melbourne, 

Nantes, 

Nassau, 

Newcastle (England), 

Newcastle (N. S. W.), 

Port Antonio, 

Port au Prince, 

Progreso, 

Punta Arenas, 

Riga, 

St. John (N. B.), 



Reims, 

Rimouski, 

Rome, 

St. Petersburg, 

Saloniki, 

Sherbrooke, 

Vladivostok. 



St. Michael's, 

St. Thomas (West Indies), 

.Sandakan, 

San Jose (Costa Rica), 

Seville, 

Sheffield, 

Swansea, 

Sydney (Nova Scotia), 

Tabriz, 

Tampico, 

Tansui, 

Trieste, 

Trinidad. 



Class VIII. — Salary, $2.joo {,bo in all). 



.\capulco, 

Aden, 

Algiers, 

Antung, 

Batum, 

Belize, 

Bergen, 

Breslau, 

Brunswick, 

Cardiflf, 

Chihuahua, 

Ciudad Juarez, 



Curajao, 

Erfurt, 

Gibraltar, 

Goteborg, 

Hamilton (Bermuda), 

Hull, 

Jerez de la Frontera, 

Kingston (Ontario), 

Leeds, 

Limoges, 

Madrid, 

Magdeburg, 



Ciudad Portirio Diaz(Piedras Malta, 

Negras). Maracaibo, 

Cognac, Martinique 

Cork, Matamoros, 



Mazatlan, 

Mersina, 

Nice, 

Nogales, 

Nuevo Laredo, 

Orillia, 

Owen Sound, 

Plymouth. 

Port Limon, 

Prescott, 

Puerto Cortes, 

Rosario, 

Roubaix, 

St. Etienne, 

St. John's (N. F.), 

San Luis Potosi, 



Class IX. — Salary, $2,ooo (^j in all). 



Aguascalientes, 

Asuncion, 

Bagdad, 

Bristol. 

Campbellton, 

Cape Gracias a Dios, 

Cape Haitien, 

Cartagena, 

Ceiba, 

Charlottetown. 

Cornwall, 

Durango, 



Ensenada, 

Fernie, 

Fort Erie, 

Goree-Dakar 

Grenoble. 

Guadeloupe, 

Hermosillo. 

Hobart, 

La Paz, 

Manzanillo, 

Maskat, 

Moncton, 



Sarnia, 

Sault Ste. Marie. 

Stettin, 

Swatovv, 

Tamatave, 

Tegucigalpa, 

TenerifTe, 

Trebizond, 

Tripoli (North Africa). 

Valencia, 

Windsor (Ontario). 

Yarmouth, 

Zan/il.ar. 



Niagara Fall.s, Sierra Leone, 

Patras, Sivas, 

Port Louis, Stavanger, 

Puerto Cabello, Suva, 

Puerto Plata, Tahiti, 

Rouen, Tapachula, 

Saigon. Turin, 

St. John's (Quebec), Turks Island, 

St. Pierre. Venice. 
St. Stephen. 
Salina Cruz, 
Saltillo, 
* Bv the Act of Congress approved February 3, iqoq, the Consulate at Messina was transferred to Catania. 



28 



CONSULAR DISTRICTS. 



XII.- COIVSUKiAR DISTRICTS. 



ARGENTINA. 
Buenos Aires. 

The Federal Capital and the Province of Buenos Aires. 
The Territories of Pampa Central, Meuquen, Rio Negro, 
Chubut, Santa Cruz, and Tierra del Fuego. 

Rosario. 

The Provinces of Santa Fe, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Cor- 
rientes, San Luis, Santiago de Estero, Tucuman, Mendoza, 
San Juan, Rioja, Cataraarca, Salta, and Jujuy. 

The Territories of Misiones, Formosa, Chaco, and Los 
Andes. 

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 
Budapest. 

The Kingdom of Hungary, except Croatia and Slavonia. 
Carlsbad. 

All political districts under the Eger Chamber of Com- 
merce and Industry (except the Laun district), and the 
districts of Dux and Teplitz under the Reichenberg Cham- 
ber of Commerce and Industry. 

Piutne. 

The uhole of Croatia and Slavonia. 

Prague. 

All political districts under the Chambers of Commerce 
and Industry of Budweis, Prague, and Pilsen, the district 
of Laun under the Chamber of Commerce of Eger. and 
the district of Raudnitz under the Reichenberg Chamber 
of Commerce and Industry. 

Reichenberg. 

All political districts under the Chamber of Commerce 
and Industry of Reichenberg, except the districts of Dux, 
Teplitz, and Raudnitz. 

Trieste. 

The provinces of Carinlhia, Camiola, Littorale, and 
that portion of Styria lying south of the Drave River; 
also Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Dalmatia. 

Vienna. 

The provinces of Bukowina, Galicia, Silesia, Moravia, 
Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol, and that 
portion of the Province of Styria lying north of the Drave 
River. 

BRAZIL. 
Bahia. 

The States of Piauhi, Sergipe, and Bahia. 

Para. 

' The States of Amazonas, Para, and Maranhao. 

Pernambuco. 

The States of Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Parahyba, 
Pernambuco, and Alagoas, 

Rio de Janeiro. 

The States of Rio de Janeiro, Espirito Santo, Minas 
Geraes, Goyaz, and Matto Grosso. 

Santos. 

The States of Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catharina, and 
Rio (jrande do Sul. 

CHINA AND ADJACENT TERRITORY. 
Amoy. 

That portion of the Province of Fukien comprised in 
the prefectures of Ting-chou-fu, Chang-chou-fu, and 
Chuanchowfu, and the independent subprefecture of 
Lung-yen-chou. 

Antung. 

This district corresponds to the intendency of the three 
Eartern Marches, and consists of that portion of the Prov- 
ince of Shengking south and east of a line starting from 
thesea westof Chuanghoting, thence north about 30 miles, 
thence northeast, crossing the Antung Mukden Railway 
a little north of Feng-huan-cheng and continuing in the 
same direction to the boundary of Shengking and Kirin, 
thence following this boundary southeast to the Korean 
frontier. 

This will give to the consular district of Antung the 
following places opened to trade, viz: Feng-huang-cheng, 
Antung, and Tatungkow. 

Canton. 

The Provinces of Kwangsi, Kweichow, and Vunnan 
and that portion of the Province of Kwangtung west of 
longitude 115°. 



CHINA AND ADJACENT TERRITORY Continued. 
Cbefoo. 

The Province of Shantung south of the Yellow River, 
exclusive of the German leased territory of Kiaochow. 

Chungking. 

The Provinces of Szechwan and all of Tibet south of 
the Kokonor region, 

Dalny. 

The Japanese leased territory of Kuantung. 
Foochow. 

The whole of the Province of Fukien except the four 
prefectures forming the consular district of Amoy. 

Hankow. 

The Province of Honan south of the Vellow River 
and the whole of the Provinces of Hupeh, Hunan, Ki- 
angsi, Shensi, Kansu, the Kokonor region, Sinkiang 
(Turkestan), and that portion of Mongolia not included in 
the Tientsin district. 

Harbin. 

The Province of Heilungkiang and all that part of the 
Province of Kirin lying to the north of a line drawn between 
the cities of Kuanchengtzu (Changchun) and Kirin (which 
are included in the consular district of Mukden), and con- 
tinued thence eastward to the Russo-Chinese frontier. 

It will include the following places opened to trade: 
Manchuria, Khailar, Tsitsihar, Aigun, Sansing, and Har- 
bin. 

Hongkong. 

The British colony of Hongkong. 
Mukden. 

All the remainder of the Province of Kirin and a por- 
tion of Shengking Province, bounded as follows: 

Beginning at the junction of the Chihli boundary with 
the Sira Muren and following that river to its junction 
with the Liao, but leaving the newly opened town of Tung- 
Chiang-tzu within the Newchwang district; following the 
Liao until near the old town of Newchwang, thence south 
to the west of Hai-ch'eng, whence the line will follow the 
western border of the Japanese railway zone until north 
of Ta-Shih-Chiao, when it will cross to the eastern border 
of the railway zone, and follow this to the boundary of 
the neutral zone, thence east to the sea. 

Less that portion of the Province forming the Antung 
consular district. 

This will give to the consular district of Mukden the 
following places opened to trade: Kuanchengtzu (Chang- 
chun), Kirin, Hunchun, Tiehling, Mukden, Liaoyang, 
Suifenho, and the four towns in the Chientao district, 
namely, Lung-Ching-T'sun, Chii-Tzu-Chieh, Tou-tao- 
kou, and Pai-Ts'ao-kou. 

Nanking. 

The whole of the Province of Anhwei and all of the 
Province of Kiangsu north of the Yangtze River, and 
two prefectures south of the same (Chiangning and Chui 
Kiang). 

Newchwang. 

All the remainder of the Province of Shenking includ- 
ing the following places open to trade: 

Tung-chiang-tzu, Fakumen, Hsinmintun, Yin-kow. 
Newchwang will also have jurisdictionover Shanhaikuan. 

Saigon. 

All of French Indo-China. 
Shanghai. 

The whole of the Province of Kiangsu with the excep- 
tion of that part which is included in the Nanking district, 
the Island of Tsungming, and the whole of the Province 
of Chekiang. 

Swatow. 

That portion of the Province of Kuangtung east of 
longitude 115°. 

Tientsin. 

The whole of the Provinces of Chihli and Shansi, and 
that portion of the Provinces of Honan and Shantung north 
of the Yellow River, together with all of Eastern Mongo- 
lia, including the Ordos country and the territory inhabited 
by the eastern and southern Khalkhas. 

Tsingtau. 

The German leased territory of Kiaochow. 



CONSULAR DISTRICTS. 



29 



GERMANY. 
Aix la Ctaapelle. 

1. Regierungsbe/.irk of Aix la Cliapelle (Rhine Prov- 
ince, Prussia). 

2. Kreise of Cleve, Geldern, Miirs, Keiupen, Ciefeld 
city and township, Miinchen-Gladbach city and township 
(Regierungsbe/.irlc of Dlisseldorf, Rhine Province, Prus- 
sia*. 

Barmen. 

1. Kreise of Rees, Dinslaken, Duisburg, Miihllieini, 
Essen city and township, Dlisseldorf city and township, 
Mettmann, Solingen city and township, Grevenbroich, 
Neuss, Barmen, Elberfeld, Lennep, Remscheid, Ober- 
Hausen, and Rheydt (Regierungsbezirk of Dlisseldorf, 
Rhine Province, Prussia). 

2. Regierungsbezirke of Miinster and Ariisherg (Prov- 
ince of Westphalia, Prussia). 

Berlin. 

1. Province of Brandenburg. 

2. Kreise of Griinberg, Freystadt, Sagan, Sproiiau, 
Rothenburg, Hoyerswerda, and Gorlitz city and town- 
ship (Province of Silesia). 

Soma (Consular Agency). 

1. Kreise of Ziillichau, Krossen, West Sternberg 
Guben city and township, Sorau, Kottbus city and 
township, Spremberg, Calau, Liibben, and Luckau. 
Kreis of the city of Frankfort a / O. (Regierungsbezirk 
of Frankfort, Province of Brandenburg). 

2. Kreise of Griinberg, Freystadt, Sagan, Sprottau, 
Rothenburg, Hoyerswerda, and Giirlitz city and town- 
ship (Pri)vince of Silesia). 

Bremen. 

1. Free city of Bremen. 

2. Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, excepting principalities 
of Birkenfeld and Liibeck. 

3. Regierungsbezirk of .-Zurich and Osnabriick (Prov- 
ince of Hanover). 

4. Kreise of Syke, Diepholz, Sulingen, Hoya, Nienburg, 
Stolzenau (Regierungsbezirk of Hanover, Province of 
Hanover), 

5. Kreise of BremerviJrde, Blumenthal, Osterholz, 
Zeven, Achim, Lehe, Geestemiinde, Rotenburg, and Ver- 
den (Regierungsbezirk of Stade, Province of Hanover). 

6. Helgoland. 

Brake (Consular Agency). 

Amter of Brake, Elsfleth, and Butjadingen (Grand 
Duchy of Oldenburg). 
BrevierJui7'cn (Consular Agency). 

1. Amt of Bremerhaven (State of Bremen). 

2. Kreise of Lehe and Geestemiinde (Regierungs- 
bezirk of Stade, Province of Hanover). 

Breslau. 

1. Regierungsbezirk of Posen. 

2. Province of Silesia, with the exception of the Kreise 
of Griinberg, Freystadt, Sagan, Sprottau, Rothenburg, 
Hoyerswerda, and Gorlitz city and township. 

Brunswick. 

1. Kreise of Ulzen, Isenhagen, Gifhorn, and Liichow 
(Regierungsbezirk of Llineburg, Province of Hanover). 

2. Kreise of Peine, Marienburg, Duderstadt, Zeller- 
feld, Goslar, Osterode, and Ilfeld (Regierungsbezirk of 
Hildesheim, Province of Hanover). 

3. Duchy of Brunswick (Kreise of Brunswick, Wolf- 
enbiittel, Helmstedt, Blankenburg, Gandersheim, and 
Holzminden). 

4. Kreise of Grafschaft Hohenstein, Worbis, Heiligen- 
stadt, Miihlhausen city and township (Regierungsbezirk of 
Erfurt. Province of Saxony). 

5. Exclave of Volkenroda (Duchy of Saxe-Coburg- 
Gotha). 

6. Amtsgerichtsbezirke of Sondershausen, Ebeleben 
and Greussen (Unterherrschaft of Schwarzburg-Sonders- 
hausen). 

Cbemnltz. 

1. Kreishauptmannschaft of Chemnitz. 

2. Amtshauptmanschaft of Rochlitz (Regierungsbezirk 
of Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxgny). 

Coburg. 

I. Bezirkslimter of Ebern, Gerolzhofen, Hassfurt, Hof- 
heim, Kissingen, Kiinigshofen, Mellrichstadt, Neustadt 
a 'S., Schweinfurt, with the chartered cities of Schwein- 
furt and Kissingen (Regierungsbezirk of Lower Fran- 
conia, Bavaria). 



GERMANY -Continued. 

Coburj! -Continued. 

1. Bezirksiimter i and 2 of Bamberg, Berneck, Eber 
mannstadt, Hof, Kronach, Kulmbach, Lichtenfels, MUnch- 
berg, Naila, Rehau, Stadtsteinach, StafTelstein, Teusch- 
nitz, with the chartered cities of Hof, Bamberg, and Kulm- 
bach (Regierungsbezirk of LTpper Franconia, Bavaria). 

3. Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen, excepting Exclave of 
Camburg. 

4. Exclave of Kranichfeld (Grand Duchy of Saxe- 
Wei mar-Eisenach). 

5. Kreise of Kiinigsee and Rudolstadt (Principality of 
Schvvarzburg-Rudolstadt). 

6. Amtsgerichtsbezirk of Gehrcn (Principality of 
Schwarzburg-Sondersliausen). 

7. V'erwaltungsbezirk of Dermbach (Grand Duchy of 
Sax e- Weimar- Eisenach). 

8. Kreise of Schleusingen, Ziegenriick (Regierungsbe- 
zirk of Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia). 

9. Duchy of Saxe-Coburg. 

10. Kreis of Schmalkalden (Regierungsbezirk of Cas- 
sel. Province of Hesse-Nassau, Prussia). 

Sonneberg (Consular Agency). 

Sonneberg (Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen). 
Cologne. 

I. Regierungsbezirk of Cologne (Rhine Province, 
Prussia). 

2 Regierungsbezirk of Coblenz f Rliine Province, Prus- 
sia), with exception of the Kreise of Wetzlar, Kreuznach, 
Zell, and Simmern. 

3. Regierungsbezirk of Treves (Rhine Province, Prus- 
sia ). 

Dresden. 

Kreishauptmannschaften of Dresden and Fiautzen 
(Kingdom of Saxony). 

Erfurt. 

1. Duchy of Saxe-Gotha, with the exception of the Ex- 
clave of Volkenroda. 

2. Verwaltungsbezirke of Eisenach, Apolda, and Wei- 
mar, with the exception of the Exclave of Kranichfeld 
(Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach). 

3. Kreise of Erfurt city and township, Langensalza, 
Weissensee (Regierungsbezirk of Erfurt, Province of 
Saxony, Prussia). 

4. Amtsgerichtsbezirk of Arnstadt (Principality of 
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen). 

5. Kreis of Frankenhausen (Principality of Schvvarz- 
burg-Rudolstadt). 

Frankfort on the Main. 

1. Regierungsbezirk of Cassel, excepting the Kreise of 
Rinteln and Schmalkalden (Province of Hesse-Nassau, 
Prussia). 

2. Kreise of Wetzlar, Kreuznach, Zell, and Simmern 
(Regierungsbezirk of Coblenz, Rhine Province, Prussia). 

3. Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, with the excep- 
tion of the Kreise of Worms, Bensheim, Heppenheim, and 
Erbach. 

4. Bezirksiimter of Briickenau, Miltenberg, Gemiinden, 
Hammelburg, Alzenau, Aschaffenburg, Lohr, Markthei- 
denfeld, Karlstadt, Obernburg, and the chartered city of 
Aschaffenburg (Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia, 
Bavana). 

5. Regierungsbezirk of Wiesbaden (Province of Hesse- 
Nassau, Prussia). 

6. Kreise of Paderborn, Btiren, Warburg, Hiixter, and 
Wiedenbriick (Regierungsbezirk of Minden, Province of 
Westphalia, Prussia). 

7. Principality of W.aldeck. 

8. Principality of Birkenfeld (Grand Duchy of Olden- 
burg). 

C(i.vj-c/ (Consular Agency). 

1. Regierungsbezirk of Ca.ssel, excepting the Kreise 
of Hanau city and township, Gelnhausen, Schliichtern, 
Schmalkalden, and Rinteln. 

2. Kreis of Biedenkopf ( Regierungsbezirk of Wies- 
baden, Province of Hesse-Nassau, Prussia). 

3. Kreise of Paderborn, Biiren, Warburg, HJixter, 
and Wiedenbriick (Regierungsbezirk of Minden, Prov- 
ince of Westphalia, Prussia). 

4. Principality of Waldeck. 

M'iesbaden (Consular Agency). 

Kreise of Wiesbaden city and township, Oberwester- 
wald, Unterwester wald, Unterlahn, Limburg, Oberlahn, 
St. Goarshausen, Rheingau, Untertaunus, and Wester- 
burg (Regierungsbezirk of Wiesbaden, Province of 
Hesse-Nassau, Prussia). 



30 



CONSULAR DISTRICTS. 



QERMANY-Continued. 
Hamburg. 

1. Province of Schleswig-Holstein. 

2. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Scliwerin. 

3. Principality of Ratzeburg (Grand Duchy of Meck- 
lenburg-Strelitz"). 

4. Free cities of Hamburg and Liibeck. 

5. Principality of I.ii beck (Grand Duchy of Oldenburg). 

6. Kreise of Hadeln, Neuhaus, Kehdingen, Stade, and 
jorck (RegierunCTsbezirk of Stade, Province of Hanover). 

7. Harburg city and township, Kreise of Winsen, Sal- 
tan, Liineburg city and township, Kreise of Bleckede and 
Dannenberg (Regierungsbezirk of Liineburg, Province 
of Hanover). 

A'/V/ (Consular Agency). 

Kreise of Apenrade, Hadersleben, Sonderburg, 
Flensburg city and township, Kreise of Tondern, Hu- 
sum, Eiderstedt, Schleswig, Eckernfiirde Rendsburg, 
Kiel, city district of Neumiinster, Kreise of Pliin and 
Oldenburg (Province of Schleswig-Holstein). 

Liibeck (Consular Agency). 

City of Liibeck and Principality of Liibeck (Grand 
Duchy of Oldenburg), Principality of Ratzeburg. 

Hanover. 

1. Kreis of Neustadt a / R., Hanover city and township, 
Linden city and township, Kreise of Springe and Hameln 
(Regierungsbezirk of Hanover, Province of Hanover, 
Prussia). 

2. Hildesheim city and township, Gronau, Alfeld, Ein- 
beck, Uslar, Northeim, Miinden, Giittingen city and town- 
ship (Regierungsbezirk of Hildesheim, Province of Han- 
over, Prussia). 

3. Kreise of Fallingbostel, Celle city and township, 
Kreis of Burgdorf (Regierungsbezirk of Loneburg, Prov- 
ince of Hanover, Prussia). 

4. Kreise of Minden, Liibbecke, Herford, Halle, and 
Bielefeld city and township (Regierungsbezirk of Minden, 
Province of Westphalia, Prussia). 

5. Principality of Lippe. 

6. Principality of Schaumburg-Lippd. 

7. Principality of Pyrmont. 

8. Kreis of Rinteln (Regierungsbezirk of Cassel, Prov- 
ince of Hesse-Nassau, Prussia). 

Kebl. 

Amt of Rastatt and the Grand Duchy of Baden south 
of the Amt of Rastatt. 

Leipzig. 

1. Kreishauptmannschafft of Leipzig, e.\cepting the 
Amtshauptmannschaft of Rochlitz (Kingdom of Saxony). 

2. Regierungsbezirk of Merseburg (Province of Sa,\- 
ony). 

3. Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg. 

4. Landratsamtsbezirk of Gera (Principality of Reuss, 
younger line). 

5. Verwaltungsbezirk of Neustadt i,Grand Duchy of 
Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach). 

6. Exclave of Camburg of the Duchy of Saxe-Mein- 
ingen. 

Gera (Consular Agency). 

1. Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg. 

2. Landratsamtsbezirk of Gera (Principality of 
Reuss, younger line). 

'3. Verwaltungsbezirk of Neustadt (Grand Duchy of 
Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach). 

4. Exclave of Camburg of the Duchy of Saxe-Min- 
ingen. 

Magdeburg. 

1. Duchy of Anhalt. 

2. Regierungsbezirk of Magdeburg (Province of Sax- 
ony). 

Mannheim. 

1. Amt of Etllingen and the Grand Duchy of Baden 
north of the Amt of Ettlingen. 

2. Kreise of Worms, Bensheim, Heppenheim, Erbach 
(Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt). 

3. The Bavarian Palatinate. 

Neustadt-an-der-Hardt (Consular Agency). 

The Bavarian Palatinate, excepting the Bezirks- 
iimter of Frankenthal, Ludvvigshafen, Speyer, and 
Germersheim. 



GERMANV-Continued. 
Munich. 

1. Regierungsbezirke of Schwaben and Neuburg (Ba- 
varia). 

2. liegierungsbezirk of Upper Bavaria (Bavaria). 

3. Regierungsbezirk of Lower Bavaria (Bavaria). 

Nuremberg. 

I. Regierungsbezirk of Middle Franconia (Bavaria). 
?.. Regierungsbezirk of Upper Palatinate (Bavaria). 

3. Bezirksiimter of Wiirzburg, Kitzingen, Ochsenfurt, 
and the chartered cities of Wiirzburg and Kitzingen 
(Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia, Bavaria). 

4. Bezirksiimter of HiJchsta'dt, Forchheim, Pegnitz, 
Bayreuth, Wunsiedel, and the chartered cities of Forch- 
heim and Bayreuth (Regierungsbezirk of Upper Fran- 
conia, Bavaria). 

Plauea. 

1. Kreishauptmannschaft of Zwickau (Kingdom of 
Saxony). 

2. Principality of Reuss, older line. 

3 Landratsamtbezirk of Schleiz (Principality of Reuss, 
younger line). 

Markneukirchen (Consular Agency). 
.. Southern half of the Amtshauptmannschaft of 
Olsnitz and southern third of the Amtshauptmann- 
schaft of Auerbach (Kingdom of Saxony). 

Stettin. 

1. Province of Pomerania. 

2. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, excepting 
the Principality of Ratzeburg. 

3. Regierungsbezirk of Bromberg (Province of l-'osen). 

4. Province of West Prussia. 

5. Province of East Prussia. 

Diinzig (Consular Agency). 

Province of West Prussia. 
Konigsberg (Consular Agency). 

Province of East Prussia. 
S-ivineviiinde (Consular Agency). 

Kreise of Usedom, Wollin, and Riigen (Province of 
Pomerania). 

Stuttgart. 

1. The Kingdom of Wiirttemberg. 

2. Hohenzollern Land. 

ITALY. 
Catania. 

The Provinces of Me.ssina, Catania, Syracuse, in the 
island of Sicily, and the Department of Calabria. 



Department of Emilia and the Provinces of Florence 
and Arezzo in the Department of Tuscany. 

Genoa. 

Department of Liguria, and Libya. 

Leghorn. 

Department of Tuscany, except the Provinces of Flor- 
ence and Arezzo. 

Milan. 

Department of Lombardy. 

Naples. 

The Departments of Campania, Apulia, and Potenza 
(Basilicata). 

Palermo. 

The island of Sicily, with the exception of the Prov- 
inces of Messina, Catania, and Siracusa. 

Rome. ' 

The Departments of Rome, Perugia (Umbria), Marches, 
Abruzzi e Molise, and the island of Sardinia. 

Turin. 

Department of Piedmont. 

Venice. 

Department of Venetia. 



CONSULAR DISTRICTS. 



RUSSIA. 
Batum. 

The Caucasus. 
Moscow. 

Governments of Moscow, Tver, Varoslav, Smolensk, 
\'ladimir, Nizhni Novgorod, Kazan, Ufa, Orenburg, Mo- 
hilev, Kaluga, Tula, Riazan, Tambov, Penza, Simbirsk, 
Samara, Tchernigov, Orel, Kursk, Voronesh, and Saratov. 

Odessa. 

Governments of Kherson, Bessarabia, Podolia, Kief, 
I'oltava, Kharkof, Ekaterinoslav, Taurida, Don Cossacks 
district, and .\strakhan. 



RUSSIA— Continued. 
Riga. 

Govt^rnments of Livonia, Couronia, Kovno, Vitebsk, 
and Vilna. 

St. Petersburg. 

Governments of St. Petersburg, Finland, Esthonia, 
Novgorod, Pskov, Olonetz, Archangel, Volgoda, Kos- 
troma, Viatka, and Perm. 

Warsaw. 

Governments of Poland, Grodno, Minsk, and Volliynia. 



32 



TARIFF OF UNITED STATES CONSULAR FEES. 



XIII — TARIFF OF UNITED STATES COIVSUIiAR FEES. 
[Revised to take effect November i, igo6; amended by Executive order of June 7, 1909.] 

Tariff of fees prescribed by order of the President to be charged by consular officers of the 
United Slates. All consular charges must be in strict accordance with this tariff, and be collected 
in gold or its equivalent. No fee or compensation will be collected for any service not covered by 
this tariff. 

(The fees in this tariff are not prescribed for American vessels and seamen, because thev are 

"exempted by law from the payment of consular fees. Consular agents will make the fees in this 

tariff the basis of collection from the Treasury for services to such vessels. Foreign-built vessels, 

unregistered, owned by American citizens, are not exempt from the payment of the fees prescribed 

herein.) 



Nature of service. 



Miscellaneous services. 

Certificate to invoice, including declaration, 
in triplicate or quadruplicate, covering 
either importations or transit shipments, 
including any additional declaration or 
certificate not otherwise provided for which 
is required by law or regulations for use 
in connection with the entry of the wares 
or the forwarding of the same in bond 

Invoice of returned American goods 

Extra certificates and declarations as above 
described, including immigrant's oath 
(Form No. 128) or declaration for books 
and household effects under f 100 in value 
(Form No. 215), when issued without an 
invoice certificate, each 

Certificate to extra copies of invoices, 
each 

Certificate of disinfection, in triplicate or 
quadruplicate 

Landing certificate, including oaths of mas- 
ter and mate, and the complete execution 
of the certificate 

Sealing cars coming from Canada or Mex- 
ico, for each manifest in quintuplicate 
with the consul's certificate, including 
sealing of each car, vessel, bale, barrel, 
box, or package 

Issuing a passport — Form No. g — or extend- 
ing a passport 

Visaing a passport — Form No. 10 

Visaing a Chinese passport or certificate 

IVIarriage certificate, in duplicate. Form No. 



87. 



For taking into possession the personal es- 
tate of any citizen who shall die within 
the limits of a consulate, inventorying, 
selling, and finally settling and preparing 
or transmitting, according to law, the bal- 
ance due thereon, $ > for each $ioo of value 
or fraction thereof. If part of such estate 
shall be delivered over before final settle- 
ment, $1 for each $100 of value or fraction 
thereof to be charged on the part so deliv- 
ered over as is not in money, and $2 for 
each $100 of value or fraction thereof on 
the gross amount of the residue. If among 
tlie effects of the deceased are found cer- 
tificates of foreign stock, loans, or other 
property, $1 for each $100 of value or frac- 
tion thereof on the amount thereof. No 
charge will be made for placing the official 
seal upon the personal property or effects 
of such deceased citizen, or for breaking 
or removing the seals. 

For each certificate of protection, semsar, or 
certificate of employment issued at Tan- 
gier 

Services to vessels and seamen. 

Bill of health, in duplicate* 

Supplemental bill of health, in dupli- 
cate* 



$2.50 
1 .00 



1. 00 I 
2.50 



1 .00 
1 .00 
1. 00 



5.00 
2.50 



Services to vessels and seamen — Continued. 

16. For receiving and delivering ship's register 

and papers, including consular certificates, 
as prescribed in Forms Nos. 13 and 14, $i 
for each 100 tons or fraction thereof, regis- 
tered measurement (net), of the vessel for 
which the service is performed, if under 
1,000 tons; but for American vessels run- 
ning regularly by weekly or monthly trips, 
or otherwise, to or between foreign ports, 
this tonnage fee will not be charged for 
more than four trips in a year; and ton- 
nage fees shall not be exacted for any 
vessel touching at or near ports in Canada 
on her regular voyage from one port to 
another within the United States, unless 
some official service required by law shall 
be performed. 

17. And for every additional 100 tons net or 

fraction thereof 

18. Shipping or discharging seamen, including 

the certificates thereof attached to crew 
list and shipping articles and given to sea- 
men 

ig. Authentication of copies of protests or other 
necessary documents for vessels or sea- 
men not otherwise provided for 

20. Preparation and acknowledgment for ves- 

sels or seamen of any oath or declaration 
for which a form is given in the Consular 
Regulations, or a similar necessary serv- 
ice not otherwise provided for 

21. Preparation and execution for vessels or 

seamen of any certificate for which a form 
is given in the Consular Regulations, or 
similar necessary service not otherwise 
provided for 

22. Orders or letters for vessels or seamen for 

which forms are given in the Consular 
Regulations, or other similar necessary 
service not otherwise provided for 

23. Recording, when necessary, for vessels or 

seamen any document covered by the pro- 
visions of the Consular Regulations, for 
every hundred words or fraction thereof... 

24. Noting marine protest — Form No. 37 

25. Extending marine protest — Form No. 38 

If it exceed two'hundred words, for every 

additional one hundred words 

26. Protest of master against charterers or 

freighters — Form No. 39... 

27. Clearance when issued by the consul, as at 

free ports 

28. .^ttendingan appraisement of vessel's goods 

or effects, for each day's attendance 

29. Attending sale of vessel's goods, for each 

day's attendance during which the sale 
continues 

30. Attendance at a shipwreck, or for the pur- 

pose of assisting a ship in distress, or of 
saving wrecked goods or property, over 
and above traveling expenses, whenever 
the consul's interposition is required by 
the parties interested, for each day 



' Foreign war vessels are exempt from the payment of fees for bills of health. 



COMPENSATION OF CONSULAR AGENTS. 
TARIFF OF UNITED STATES CONSULAR FEES— Continued. 



33 



Nature of service. 



Notarial and other services. 

Administering an oath and certificate there- 
of* 

Administering oath and preparing passport 
application 

Acltnowledgment of a deed or power of at- 
torney, or similar service, including one or 
more signatures, with certificate thereof, 
for each copy 

Administering any and all oaths required to 
be made by pensioners and their witnesses 
in the execution of their pension vouchers, 
or by persons presenting claims for pen- 
sions or Increase of pensions and their 
witnesses, or certifying to the competency 
of a local official before whom the same 
were executed 

Acknowledgments connected with the trans- 
fer of United States bonds 

.Administering oaths to or taking acknowl- 
edgments of officials or employees of the 
United States Government, in connection 
with their official business or accounts 

For rendering notarial services to officials 
of foreign governments who render gra- 
tuitously reciprocal courtesies to American 
diplomatic and consular officers 

Certifying to official character of a foreign 
notary or other official 

For taking depositions, executing commis- 
sions or letters rogatory, where the record 
of testimony, including caption and cer- 
tificate, does not exceed 500 words 

For each additional 100 words or fraction 
thereof 

The foregoing fee shall cover the adminis- 
tration of the oath and all services of the 
consul as commissioner, but shall not in- 
clude services of clerk, stenographer or 
typewriter, which shall be additional at 
the rate prescribed herein for copying. 



Fee. 



I2.00 
1. 00 



No fee. 
No fee. 



No fee. 
2.00 



10.00 
• 50 



Nature of service. 



Notarial and other services — Continued. 

Copies (carbon copies to be charged for at 
the same rate as originals): 

For the first hundred words or fraction... 

For every additional hundred words or 

less 



Translations; for every one hundred words 
or fraction 



Additional fee for all services contemplated 
by fees numbered 31, 32, 33, 38, 39 when 
rendered elsewhere than at the consular 
office at the request of the interested par- 
ties, for each hour or fraction thereof 

In connection with any service rendered out- 
side of the consular office at the request of 
private individuals, the exact amount of 
the expenses actually and necessarily in- 
curred by the person rendering the service 
shall be collected from the persons for 
whom the service is performed in addition 
to the fee or fees prescribed therefor and a 
note of the amount shall be made on the 
margin of the fee book and fee return 
opposite the entry of the service and 
fee; but no amount in excess of the fee 
or fees prescribed and such actual and 
necessary expenses shall be charged or 
accepted. 

Recording unofficial documents in consulate 

upon request: 

For the first hundred words or fraction... 

For every additional hundred words or 

less 



Any and all services indicated in the above 
tariff and performed upon written orders 
of the Department of State for the official 
use of the Government of the United 
States 



Fee. 



$0.50 
■ 25 



•so 
■25 



No fee. 



* Executive order of December 21, 1906, prescribes that no fee shall be charged for the affidavit of temporary stay 
of owner of sealskin garment entering the United States from Canada. 



XIV. COMPEIVSATIOIV OF OOIVSUI.AK AGENTS. 

The act for the reoganization of the consular service of the United States, approved April 5, 
igo6, provides: 

"Sec. 8. That all fees, official or unofficial, received by any officer in the consular service for 
services rendered in connection with the duties of his office or as a consular officer, including fees 
for notarial services, and fees for taking depositions, executing commissions or letters rogatory, 
settling estates, receiving or paying out moneys, caring for or disposing of property, shall be 
accounted for and paid into the Treasury of the United States, and the sole and only compensation 
of such officers shall be by salaries fixed by law; but this shall not apply to consular agents, who 
shall be paid by one half of the fees received in their offices, up to a maximum sum of one thou- 
sand dollars in any one year, the other half being accounted for and paid into the Treasury of the 
United States. And vice-consuls-general, deputy consuls-general, vice-consuls, and deputy 
consuls, in addition to such compensation as they may be entitled to receive as consuls or clerks, 
may receive such portions of the salaries of the consul-general or consuls for whom they act as 
shall be provided by regulation." 

s II 70 3 



34 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



XV.— COIVSIJ1.AB SERVICE OF THE UIVITED STATES. 

CONSULS-GENERAL AT LARGE, 



Name. 



For North America, including Mexico, and the Bermudas. 
George H. Murphy/ 

For eastern Asia, including the Straits Settlements, Australia, 
Oceanica, and the islands of the Pacific. 

Charles C. Eberhardt 

For South America, Central America, the West Indies, and 
Curasao. 

Alfred L. JVl. Qottschalk & 

For European Russia, the Balkan States, Greece, Asia Minor, 
Persia, India (as far as the western frontier of the Straits Settle- 
ments), and Africa. 

James E. Dunning & 

For Europe, excepting European Russia, the Ballcan States, and 
Greece. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 
appointed. 



N. C. 



N. C. 



May 23,1906 
Kans ..' Kans i Jan. 12,1910 



Date of 
commission. 



Salary. 



$5,000 
S.ooo 

5,000 



N. Y ! N. Y. 



Me 



Mar. 16,1908 



Aug. 22,igi2 



CONSULAR SERVICE OP^ THE UNITED STATES. 



ABYSSINIA-CHILE. 



Place. 



Name and title. 



ABYSSINIA. 

Adis Ababa C G. 

Do J V. & D. C. G. 

ARGENTINA. 
Buenos Aires Richard M. Bartleman C. G. 

Do I Eli Taylor V. & D. C. G. 

Do I Geo. R.Wendlintf, jn.V.&D.C.G. 

Rosarlo C. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Do Thomas B. Van Home, V. & D. C. 

Santa Fe. George C. Norman Agt. 



AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 
Budapest, Hungary William Coffin <' C. 0.. 

Do i Frank E. Mallett...V. & D. C. G.. 

Do \ Hugh Kemeny D. C. G.. 

Do John J. Ronton D. C. G.. 

Carlsbad, Austria Charles L. Hoover^. C. 

Do Henry B. Albright V. & D. C. 

Fiume, Hungary Samuel H. Shank C. 

Do Attilio J. Clement! V. & D. C. 

Prague, Austria Frank Deedmeyer*'" C 

Do John L. Bouchal V. & D.C.. 

Relchenberg, Austria William J. Pike?' C. 

Do I August Oosterman V. & D. C. 

Trieste, Austria Ralph C. Busserf' C. 

Do I Orestes De Martini V. C. 

Do Vincent Bures D. C. 

Vienna, Austria Charles Denby <" C. G.. 

Do j Robt.W.Heingartner..V.&D.C.G.. 

BELGIUM. I 

Antwerp Henry W. Diederich C. G.. 

Do Harry Tuck Sherman..V.&D.C.G.. 

Brussels Elhelbert Watts '> C. G.. 

Do CharlesRoyNasmith,'*V.&D.C.G.. 

Ghent Henry Abert Johnson C. 

Do Julius A. V'an Hee V. & D. C. 

Liege Alexander Heingartner'> C 

Do Victor H. Duras V. &. D. C. 

BRAZIL. 

Bahia David R. Birch b C.. 

Do Edward P. W. Duder...V. & D. C. 

Para George H. Pickerell'' C. 

Do Edward C. Holden V. & D. C. 

Do William R. Cox D. C 

Manaos j Frederic H. San/ord Agt.. 

Maran/iao foaquiiit M. A. dos Santos Agt.. 

Pernambuco I P. Merrill Griffith '> C. 

Do Enrique Bachilleres V. & D. C. 

Cfara Antonio E. da P'rota Agt.. 

Rio de Janeiro Julius G. Lay C. G.. 

Do i Albro L. Burnell....V. & D. C. G.. 

Do Richard P. Momsen D. C. G.. 

Do Samuel W. Honaker D. C. G.. 

l^ictoria | Jean Zinzen Agt.. 

Santos Jay White C. 

Do William H. Lawrence V. C. 

Do James W. Reeves V. & D. C 

Gustav C. Feddersen Agt..; 

William E. Lee Agt.. 



Mass I Mass... 

N. Y N. v.... 

Ill i W. Va. 



Ohio 

Urug'y 



Ky 

Mass ..... 
Hung ... 
Hung ... 

Iowa 

Ohio 

Ind 

Hung 

Ger 

Nebr 

Pa 

Holland 

Pa 

N. Y 

Austria.. 

Ind 

Ohio 



Ohio.... 
Argen . 



Ky 

Me 

Hung .. 

N. Y 

Mo 

Ohio 

Ind 

Hung.... 

Ala 

Nebr .... 

Pa 

Austria. 

Pa 

N. Y 

Austria. 

Ind 

Ohio 



Date of 
commission. 



Salary. 



$3,500 



Jan. II 
June 18 
Nov. 3 



Oct. i.s 
Dec. 24 

Sept. 18 
Aug. 10 
July 25 
Aug. 4 
Aug. 22 
Oct. 23 
Aug. 20 
Sept. 2 
Sept. 18 
Aug. 
June 
Aug. 
Sept. 
May 
May 
May 
Feb. 



Pa D. C June 22 

Me i Me May 10 

Pa Pa Apr. 25 

N. Y X. Y i May 29 

D. C D. C j Aug. 19 

Ind Iowa Feb. i 

N. Y ,i Ohio Aug. 19 

Nebr N. Y Aug. 5 



Rio Grande do Sul.. 
SHo Paulo 



CHILE. 

Iquique 

Do 

Anlo/agasta 

Arica 



Pa 

Brazil ... 

Ohio 

D. C 

England 

1^. Y 

Brazil ... 

Ohio 

Argen ... 
Brazil ... 

D. C 

Me 

Wis 

Fla 

Belgium 

Mich 

Ill 

Pa 

Brazil.... 
P. R 



Percival Gassett'/ C. 

Edward E. Muecke V. & D. C. 

Agt.. 

Arthur F. Lee Agt.. 



Pa 

Brazil .. 

Ohio 

Mass 

Brazil ... 

N. Y 

Brazil ... 

Ohio 

Brazil ... 
Brazil ... 

D. C 

Me 

Wis 

Te.\ 

Brazil ... 

Mich 

Ill 

Pa 

Brazil.... 
Brazil ... 



Aug. 22 
Oct. 28 
May 29 
May 9 
May 5 
Aug. 20 
Oct. 17 
Jan. 10 
May 24 
June 17 
May 2 
Jan. 8 
Feb. 7 
July 19 
Mar. 29 
Aug. 27 
Mar. II 
Jan. 21 
Jan. 8 
June 18. 



Mass D. C ' Apr. 15 

Cal j Oreg I Mar. 13 



England! Chile ' Dec. 10 



3,000 
3 . 500 



3.S00 
4,000 



3,000 



6,000 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913- 



$391 



1 ,309.00 
129.00 



4,000 




352-50 


8,000 .. 



1,627.25 



61.00 

536.00 



I. 123. 50 

2 1 2 . 50 



36 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



CHILE— CHINA. 



Place. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 
1 ap- 
! pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



jFees, year 
Salary, ending 
June 30, 
I 1913- 



N. C N. C Aug. ig.ig^i I $3,000 



Punta Arenas Charles L. Lathaiii<2 .C. 

Do Thomas Smith Boyd V.&D.C' Scotlandj Chile July 19,1913 

Valparaiso Alfred A. Winslow 6 C Ind Ind June 22,1906 

Do : Alfred Hamilton West..V.& D. C. N. Y N. Y July 19,1913 

Chile July 27,1908 

Chile Feb. 29,1912 



Caldera John Thomas Morotig;. Agt.. 

Coquimbo H. Vernon Kerr Agt.. 

Talciihuano Joseph O. Smith Agt..' R.I ! Chile 



Cal 

Scotland 



Sept. 27,i8q5 



CHINA. 



Amoy 

Do 

Do 

Antung 

Catiton 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Chefoo 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Tsittan ... 
Chungking... 

Do 

Foochow 

Do 

Do 

Hankow 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Harbin 

Mukden 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Nanking 

Do 

Newcbwang. 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Shanghai 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Swatow 

Tientsin 

Do 

Do 

Do 



Lester Maynard <■ C. 

Charles F. Brissel V. & D. C. 

Charles F. Brissel Man. 

Edwin L. Nevillev C. 

Fleming D. Cheshire CO.. 

John K. Davisaff...V. & D. C. G... 
Wilfred H. Webber.V. & D. C. G.. 

Horace J. Dickinson Mar.. 

John K. Davisf'f/ Int.. 

Julean H. Arnold C. 

George C. Hansons/ V. & D. C. 

Crawford M. Bishop .7.. .V. & D. C. 

Reginald F. Smith D. C... 

Reginald F. Smith Mar.. 

George C. Hansons' Int.. 

Crawford M. Bishop!/ Int.. 

Agt.. 



Cal 

N. Y... 
N. Y... 
Ohio... 
N. Y... 
China. 



Ark 

China. 

Cal 

Conn .. 

Md 

Mass .. 
Mass.. 
Conn . 
Md 



Cal.... 

N.J.... 

N.J 

Ohio.. 
N. Y.., 
Ohio... 

Cal 

Ark 

Ohio.. 
Cal.... 
Conn. 
Md.... 
Mass . 
Mass . 
Conn . 
Md.... 



Aug. 20,1912 I 
Apr. 29,1910 
Apr. 29,1910 
Sept. 18,1913 
Aug. 22,1912 
Sept. 16,1913 
Nov. 7,1912 
July 6,1909 I 
Sept. 16,1913 I 
Mar. 8,1912 
May 13,1912 
June 7,1913 
Aug. 4,1913 
Aug. 4,1913 
May 13, 1912 
June 7,1913 



1,000 
2,500 
5.S00 



1,000 
1,500 
4.500 



1 ,000 
1,650 
1,650 



E. Carleton Baker'' C. 

V. & D. C, 

John Fowler C, 

Thomas P. Thompson. .V. & D. C, 

Thomas P. Thompson Mar. 

Roger S. Greene C. G., 

J. Paul Jameson 9 V. & D. C. G.. 

Horace Remillard ^..V. & D. C. G. 

John Holliday D. C. G... 

John Holliday Mar.. 

J. Paul Jamesons' Int.. 

Horace Remillard ff Int.. 

Southard P. Warner C. 

Fred D. Fisher .'....C. Q.. 

Myrl S. Myers g V. & D. C. G.. 

M. G. Faulkner Mar., 

Myrl S. Myers £/ Int. 

C, 



Cal... 

N. Y. 



Cal I Aug. 19,1911 3,500 



Mass . 
D. C. 
Mass . 
Ohio.. 
Ohio.. 
D. C. 
Mass . 
D. C. 
Oreg. 

Pa 

Mo.... 
Pa 



Alvin W. Gilbert V. & D. C. 

William P. Kent <• C. 

George F. Bickford!/...V, & D. C 

Mar.. 

George F. Bickford '.1 Int.. 

Amos P. Wilder <= C. G.. 

Clarence E. Gauss. .V. & D. C. G.. 
Nelson T. Johnsonf/..V. & D. C. G.. 

Mahlon Fay Perkins 3 D. C. G., 

Charles P. McKiernanfl'...D. C. G., 

Charles H. Williams Mar. 

Nelson T. Johnsonff Int.. 

Mahlon Fay Perkins? Int. 

Charles P. McKiernanC Int. 

Charles L. L. Williamsf/ C. 

Samuel S. Knabenshue C. G.. 

Paul R. Josselyn!/ V.& D.C.G.. 

Otto E.Vongehr" Mar.. 

Paul R. Josselyn 3 Int.. 



la 

Va 

Wash. 



Mass . 
N. Y.. 
N. Y.. 
Mass . 

Pa 

Mass . 
Ohio.. 
Ohio.. 

Pa 

Mass . 
Md.... 
Oreg. 

Pa 

Mo.... 
Pa 



Mar. 13, 
Jan. 21, 
Jan. 21, 
Aug. ig, 
Dec. 2, 
July 21, 
Oct. I, 
Mar. II, 
Dec. 2, 
Oct. 15, 
Aug. 22, 
Aug. 27, 
July 25, 
Mar. 27, 
July 25, 



191 2 
1911 
1911 
1911 
1911 
1913 

1913 
1912 
1911 
1912 
1912 
1909 
1911 
1908 
igii 



1,000 
4.500 



1 ,000 
1,650 
1,500 
4,000 

4,500 



1 ,000 

1,650 
4,000 



Nebr.. 

Va 

Wash. 



July 7, 
May 2, 
June 17, 



1910 
igio 
19 '3 



Wash .. 

Me 

D. C... 
D. C... 
Mass .. 
Conn .. 
China. 
D. C... 
Mass.. 
Conn .. 
Ohio... 
Ohio... 
Iowa... 
Ger — 
Iowa... 



Wash. 
Wis.... 
Conn . 
Okla.. 
Cal.... 
N. Y.. 
N. Y... 
Okla.. 
Cal.... 
N. Y.. 
Ohio.. 
Ohio.. 
Iowa.. 
Cal .... 
Iowa.. 



June 17, 

May 17, 

Dec. 16, 

Dec. 2 

1 May 13, 

I June 30, 

I Feb. I, 

I Dec. 2, 

\ May 13, 

Oct. 4. 

June 24, 

: Aug. 27, 

Nov. 23, 

Dec. 14, 
1 Mar. I, 



1913 

1909 I 

1912 I 

1 1911 

igi2 

1913 

1913 

igij 

1912 

i9'3 

igio 

igog 

1912 

1912 

1913 



1 ,000 
1 , 500 
8,000 



1,000 
2 , 500 
1.500 
1,500 
2,500 
5,500 



$90.00 
3'3-oo 
390.50 



1 ,000 
1,500 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES, 



o7 



COLOMBIA— FRANCE AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



COLOMBIA. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 

commission. 



Barraaqullla 

Do 

CUi 

Mf dell in 

Quibdo 

Santa Malta. . 

Bogota 

Cartagena 

Oo 



Isaac A. Manning'^ C. 

Julius A. Freund V.&D. C. 

Eiiivard If. Mason Agt- 

Silas H. Wright Agt. 

Louis G. Drey/us,jr.(»') Agt. 

William A. Trout Agt. 

CO. 



Ind.... 
Mich 
111 

N. y.. 

Cal.... 
Ill 



Oreg : Aug. 19,1911 



Salary. 



$3,500 



Mich 

111 

Mich., 
Cal... 
Ind..., 



Jan. 20,1913 
Nov. 18,1910 
Apr. 16,1908 
July 5.i9'3 
Aug. 10,1900 



COSTA RICA. 
Port Llmon 

Do 

San Jose 

Do 



CUBA. 

Clenfuegos 

Do 

Of i/ut fien 

Sagna la Grande 

Habana 

Do 

Cardenas 

Matanzas 

.Vue7'a Gerona, Isle 0/ Pines. 

Santiago de Cuba 

Do 

Antilla 

Baracoa 

Manzanillo 

Nu evitiis 



Henry P. Starretf C. 

Charles W. Doherty V. & D. C. 

Chester Donaldson b C. 

Henry O, Easton V.& D. C. 

Samuel T. Lee" d c.. 

F. Percy Scott« V. & D. C. 

John Saxe Agt.. 



Max J. Baehr " '> C. 

Buenaventura Carbo....V. & D.C.. 

P. B. Andfrson{n) Agt.. 

Joliti F. Jova{n') Agt.. 

James Linn Rodgers C. G.. 

Joseph A. Springen.V. & D. C. G.. 

iniliain 11: Claris Agt.. 

Alfred Heydrich (") Agt.. 

I'ervie P. Sutherland Agt.. 

Ross E. Holaday C-. 

Harry C. Morgan V. & D. C. 

George Bayliss(n) Agt.. 

A ngiisto Soler y Moncs Agt-. 

Francis B. Bertot{n) Agt- 

Denn R. Wotxl Agt,. 



Mass I Fla ' Sept. 15,1913 

Miss I Miss Aug. 13,1913 



N. Y I N. Y ! Nov. 25, 1905 

Pa Pa Sept. 30,1905 

Englandi Mich ' May 31,1909 

Nic N.J Mar. 2,1912 

N. Y N. Y [July 19,1913 



Ger Nebr , 

Cuba 1 N. Y.. 

Sweden..! Pa 

Cuba I N. Y.. 



DENMARK AND DOMINIONS. 

Copenhagen 

Do 

St. Thomas, West Indies 

Do 

Frederi k-sted, St. Croi.x 

Island. 

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. 



Edward D. Wlnslow'^' CO.. 

A.\el Permin V. & D. C. G.. 

Christopher H. Payne '' C. 

De Witt W. Perdue V. & D. C. 

Robert L. Merivin Agt.. 



June 6,igo2 
Apr. 2,1907 
June 9,1903 
May 9,1903 

Ohio 1 Ohio j Apr. 15,1907 

Me Me ' June 23,1902 

Ohio ; Ohio Aug. 1,1912 

Cuba N. Y July 22,1905 

Mich Minn July 6,1910 

Ohio Ohio June 6,1902 

111 Ill ; June 13,1912 

England Cal ; Jan. 29,1907 

Cuba j Cuba ! July 19,1913 

Cuba I N. Y I Mar. 16,1905 

N. Y \ N. Y ! June 25, k 



111 [ 111 I Aug. 19,1911 

Den I Den i July 19,1913 

Va I W. Va...l May 1,1903 

Va I W. Va... July 7,1911 

N. Y Conn Apr. I'.igoi 



Puerto Plata Charles M. Hathaway, jr.rf C. 

Do ..._ Jose Man'a Esteva V. & D. C. 

Monte Christi j Isaac T. Petit Agt.. 

Samana Federico La>iifile Agt.. 

Sanchez /. Enrique I.eroiix Agt.. 

Santo Domingo William Walker Smith (' A:C.G.. 

Do Charles H.Albrccht "..v. &D.C.G.. 

Do Ramon I. Janer D. C. G.. 

.-izua John Hardy{n) Agt.. 

San Pedro de Mncoris Hubert U'atson Agt.. 

ECUADOR. 

Quayaquil Frederic W. Qoding'' C. 0.. 

Do Charles F. Baker.. ..V.& D. C. G.. 

Bahia de Caraquez , Alberto Santos Agt.. 

Esiueraldas ' George D. Median Agt.. 

FRANCE AND DOMINIONS. 

Algiers, Algeria Dean B.Mason/ C. 

Do Rene L. J. Boisson V. & D. C. 

Oran, Algeria Albert H. Elford. Agt.. 



N. Y., 



Pa Aug. 19,1911 



D. R.. 

St. Tho.. D. R.. 

Cuba D. R. 

D. R 1 D. R.. 

Ohio.. 

Pa 

D. C-. 



k'y.. . 
Pa.... 
P. R., 
England] Mass. 
N. F I D. R.. 



Dec. 21 ,1909 
May 27,1895 
Oct. 26,1904 
Aug. 29,1908 
Nov. 6,1913 
Oct. 28,1913 
June 11,1913 
Aug. 11,1885 
July 19,1913 



Mass I III Sept. 18,1913 

Ky Okla July 20,1912 

Ecuador; Sept. 10,1900 
N. Y Feb. 19,1908 



Ecuador 
Pa 



Ohio i Ohio Dec. 18,1911 

France.. Algeria.. Mar. 21,1910 
England: Algeria.. Nov. 7,1906 




3.500 
2,000 




8,000 



$35.00 
84. 00 



,029.00 
,071.50 



1,330-50 

[,615.50 

491 .00 





2,028.00 






I, 142.50 

939.00 




3,000 




3,000 








206.15 










155-50 

391-50 

1,982.50 


















357-00 
797.00 




1 

4,500 






537-50 
427-50 




2,500 






364.00 



38 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



FRANCE AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Bordeaux 

Do 

Do 

Bayonne 

Calais 

Do 

lionlogyie-SHr-tiier .... 

Cognac 

■ Do 

Goree-Dakar, Senegal 

Grenoble 

Do 

Guadeloupe, West Indies. 

Do 

Havre 

Do 

Ch erbonrg 

Limoges 

Do 

Lyon 

Do 

Do 

Dijon 

Marseille 

Do 

Do 

Bast ill , Corsica 

Cftte 

Ton/on 

Martinique, West Indies... 

Do 

Nantes , 

Do 

Brest 

Nice 

Do 

Paris , 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Reims 

Do 

Roubalx 

Do 

Do 

Dunkirk 

Rouen 

Do 

A miens 

Diepfit 



Name and title. 



Alfred K. Moeb C. 

John Douglas Wise V. & D. C. 

William P. Shockley D. C. 

Burtiett Mason Agt. 

James B. Milnerfe C. 

Wm. McKone Milner..V. & D. C. 

William Wliitnian Agt. 

George H. Jackson & C. 

Ehsce Jouard " V. & D. C. 

C. 



Where 
born. 



Saigon, Cochin China 

Do 

Do 

St. Etienne 

Do 

St. Pierre, St. Pierre Island . 

Do 

Tahiti, Society Islands 

Do 

Tamatave, Madagascar 

Do 



Thomas W. Murton V. & D. C. 

Frank Anderson Henryd C. 

Joseph (). Floraadin...V. & D. C. 

John Bali Osborne C. 

John Preston Beecher..V. & D. C. 
A iignste Lanicce Agt. 

Eugene L. Belisie'K- C. 

John J. Ernster" V. & D. C. 

Carl Bailey Hurst" C. 

Clarence Carrigan V. & D. C. 

Marin \'achon D. C. 

NiiO/as Chaf>uis Agt. 

Alphonse Gaulin C. G. 

Paul H. Cram V. & D. C. G. 

Allan Macfarlane D. C. G. 

.Simon Paniiani {n) Agt. 

Carl 1). i-lao-elin Agt. 

Francis M. Mansfield. Agt. 

Thomas R. Wallace'' C. 

Jacques D. Schnegg V. & D. C. 

Walter H. Schulz' C. 

Hiram D. Hennetl V. C. 

Alfred Pitcl Agt. 

William Duiany Hunter/ C. 

Harry A. Lyons V. & D. C. 

Alexander M. Thackara C. G. 

Ely E. Palmer •••• V.& D.C.G. 

Charles P. Pressly... V. & D. C. G. 

Hanson C. Co.xe D. C. G. 

William Bardel nb C. 

Walter Stanford V. & D. C. 

Joseph E. Haven '' C. 

Charles H. Bellamy V. & D. C. 

Alfred C. Harrison D. C. 

Benjamin Morel Agt. 

Lucien Memminger/ C. 

Rene C. Reitenbach... V. & D. C. 

Charles Tassencourt Agt. 

Walter P. S. PalinerSamhome, 

Agt. 
C. 



N. Y 

Pa 

Del 

Conn 

Ind 

Ind 

England 
Mass...... 

France .. 



Hubert G. Baugh(7" V. & D. C. 

Miller Joblin V. & D. C, 

William H. Hunt C. 

William W. Brunswick..V.& D. C. 

John K. Baxter'' C. 

George H. Frecker V. & D. C 

James H. Goodier'' C. 

Walter J. Williams V. & D.C.. 

James Q. Carter'' C. 

Gustave StreuU V. & D. C. 



England 

N. Y 

St. Bart.. 

Pa 

N. Y...... 

France.. 
Canada.. 
Luxem .. 

Ger 

Cah 

France.. 
France .. 

R.I 

Me 

England 
Corsica.. 
Sweden.. 

Mass 

Pa 

France.. 

N. Y 

N. Y 

France.. 

D. C 

N. Y 

Pa 

R. I 

S. C 

Md 

Ger 

England 

111 

England 
England 
France.. 

Fla 

Mass 

France.. 
England 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



N. J 

Va 

Del 

N. Y 

Ind 

Ind 

France. 
Conn.... 
N. Y 



France.. 

Del 

Guad 

Pa 

N. Y 

France.. 

Mass 

N. Y 

D. C 

Cal 

France.. 

N. Y 

R.I 

Me 

France.. 

U. S 

France.. 

N. Y 

Iowa 

Mart 

Okla 

France.. 
France.. 

Minn 

U. S 

Pa 

R. I 

Ga 

N. Y 

N. Y 

France .. 

Ill 

France .. 
France .. 
France .. 

S. C 

Pa 

France.. 
France.. 



Date of 
commission. 



Mar. 3,1909 
Apr. 5,igo7 
Oct. 3,1913 
Oct. 28,1913 
Mar. 1,1898 
Dec. 8 1908 
Oct. 21,1903 
June 10,1908 
June 17,1908 



India 

Ark 

Tenn 

N. Y 

Tenn 

St. Pierre 

N. Y 

Canada.. 

Ga 

Switz 



Cal 

Va 

N. Y 

Kans 

Tenn 

St. Pierre 

N. Y 

Tahiti.... 

Ga.. 

Madag .. 



Jan. 24 
Aug. 23, 
Oct. ir 
Aug. 22 
Sept. 22, 
Jan. 6, 
Apr. 2, 
Oct. 12, 
Dec. 14, 
Feb. 27, 
Nov. 17, 
July lo. 
May 31, 
Apr. 15 
Feb. 6, 
Dec. 30, 
Dec. 20. 
July 2, 
June 24, 
June 12, 
Sept. 15, 
Dec. 23, 
Apr. 2s, 
Mar. 30 
June 8, 
Sept. 18, 
Jan. 8, 
Sept. 19, 
July 18, 
June 10, 
July 29, 
June lo, 
July 19, 
Aug. II, 
July 25, 
Sept. 18, 
Nov. 29, 
Jan. 8, 
Dec. 13, 



1902 
1912 
1901 
1912 
1899 
igii 
1906 
rgii 
igio 
1912 
1911 
1906 
1909 
1909 
1903 
1886 
1901 
1909 
igio 
1903 

1913 
1885 
igio 
1907 
1908 
19^3 
1913 
1913 
1904 



1913 
i8gg 
1883 

1913 
1911 
1904 
1907 



Feb. 27, 
Mar. 24, 
Nov. I, 
Dec. 21, 
Apr. 9, 
Feb. 16, 
Sept. 18, 
Oct. 18, 
Nov. I, 
Apr. 3, 



1913 
1909 
1906 
1912 
1912 
1909 
1913 
1909 
1906 
1912 



I Fees, year 

Salary. 1 f"'''"^ 
■' June 30, 

1913- 



$4,000 



$448.00 



2,000 
2,000 



2,500 
5,000 



1,687.50 



106.50 

I , 105.00 

743.00 



872.50 



85-50 
156.00 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



39 



GERMAN EMPIRE. 



Place. 



GERMAN EMPIRE. 



Aix la Chapelle, Prussia 

Do 

Apia, Samoa 

Do 

Barmen, Prussia 

Do 

Berlin, Prussia 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Soran, Prussia 

Bremen 

Do 

Brake, Olilenburg. 

Bremerhaven, Bremen.. 

Bresiau, Prussia 

Do 

Brunswick, Brunswick 

Do 

Chemnitz, Saxony 

Do 

Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.. 

Do 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Henry Quadflieg V. & D. C, 

Mason Mitchell b C. 

Norman H. Macdonald..V. & D.C.. 

George Eugene Eager c C. 

Julius Festner V.&D.C. 

CO., 



Sonneberg^ .Saxe-Meiningen. 

Cologne, Prussia 

Do 

Do 

Dresden, Saxony 

Do 

Do 

Erfurt, Prussia 

Do 

Frankfort on the Main, Prussia ... 

Do 

Do 

Cassel, Prussia 

Wiesbiii/en, Prussia 

Hamburg 

Do 

Do 

CuxhaTen 

Kiel, Prussia 

Ltibeck 

Hanover, Prussia 

Do 

Kehl, Baden 

Do 

Leipzig, Saxony 

Do 

Gera, Reuss Schleitz 

Magdeburg, Prussia 

Do 

Mannheim, Baden 

Do 

.Veustadt-a n-iier- Ha rdt, 
Bai'aria. 

Munich, Bavaria 

Do 



De WiuC. Poole, jr.«..V.& D.C.G.. 

Frederick von Versen" D. C. G.. 

Alfred R. Thomsons D. C. G.. 

Harold B. Quarton •" D. C. G.. 

George A. Makinson Agt., 

William T. Fee& C. 

Fredk. Hoyermann" V. & D. C. 

Wilhelin Clemens Agt. 

Joseph F. Buck Agt.. 

Herman L. Spahr<^ C. 

Gustav Wiese V. & D. C, 

Talbot J. Albert & C, 

Julius Seckel V. & D. C, 

Thomas H. Norton '' C. 

E. Kilbourne Foote V.&D.C, 

Joseph I. Brittainb C.G.. 

Wm. Herbert Murphy," V. & D. 

C. G. 
Prederick J . Dietziua n Agt.. 



Do 



Charles Lesimple V. & D. C.. 

Louis Vandory D. C. 

Leo Allen Bergbolz C. 0.. 

James L. A. BurrelL.V. & D. C. G.. 

Paul Arras D. C. G.. 

Graham H. Kemper'' C. 

Alfred Hoffmann V. & D. C. 

Heaton W. Harris'' C. G.. 

William Dawson, jr.,V. & D. C. G.. 

Simon W. Hanauer" D. C. G.. 

Gustav C. Kothe(n) Agt.. 

John B. Breuer(n) Agt.. 

Robert P. Skinner'' CO.. 

E.H.L.Mummenhoff..V.&D.C.G.. 

Francis R. Stewart D. C. G.. 

Francis Ii. .Ste-Mart Agt.. 

Paul H.J. Sartori. Agt.. 

Woljgang Gaedertz Agt.. 

Albert H.Michelson C. 

Arthur J. Bundy V.&D.C. 

Milo A. Jewett" C. 

V. &D. C. 

Nicholas R. Snyder'' C. 

Rudolph Fricke V. & D. C. 

Charles Neuer (»i) Agt., 

Alfred W.Donegan/ C. 

Ernest L. Ives V. & D. C. 

William C. Teichmann<' C 

Samuel Bergcr \'. & D. C. 

Leopold Bluiu Agt. 

T. St. John Gaffney" C. G.. 

Abraham Schlesinger, " V. & D. 

C G. 
Arthur V. W. Cotter D. C. G. 



Ger.... 
N. Y.. 
N. Z.. 
Mass . 
Nebr. 



Wash. 

Ger 

Md 

Iowa.. 

Cal 

Ohio.. 

Ger 

Ger 

Mich.. 

Ga 

Ger 

Md 

Ger 

N. Y.. 
Ohio.. 

Pa 

Ger.... 



Mass . 



Ger 

Roum 

Vt 

Pa 

Ger 

W. Va 

Ger 

Ohio... 
Minn.. 

Ger 

Ger 

Ger 

Ohio... 
England 

Ind 

Ind 

Ger 

Ger 

Md 

Ohio.... 
Turkey 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Ger 

N. Y.... 
Samoa. 

Ill 

Nebr ... 



Ill 

Md.... 
Md.... 
Iowa. 
Cal.... 
Ohio.. 

Ill 

Ger.... 
Mich. 
S. C. 
Ger.... 
Md.... 
Ger.... 
Ohio- 
Ohio.. 
Ohio.. 
N. C 



Date of 
commission. 



Oct. 17,1912 
May 1,1908 
Mar. 25,1910 
Mar. 29,1906 
Dec. 5,1912 



Mar. II, 
Dec. 5, 
Feb. 21, 
May 27, 
Dec. 23, 
June 22, 
Aug. 25, 
Nov. 13, 
Apr. 23, 
June 30, 
Dec. 12, 
Oct. 12, 
Sept. 8, 
July 25, 
Dec. 5, 
Sept. 18, 
Oct. 10, 



1912 
1894 
igi2 
1912 
1909 
1906 
1904 
1885 
1912 
1906 
1912 
1897 
1893 
1906 
1912 

1913 
1912 



Mass Jan. 30,1909 



Ger 1 Apr. 29, 



Ger 

N. Y 

Md 

Ger 

Ky 

Ger 

Ohio 

Minn 

Pa 

Kans 



Dec. 9, 
Sept. 18, 
July 31. 
Nov. 2, 
Sept. 18, 
Nov. 18, 
Aug. 22, 
Sept. 26, 
Dec. 1, 
Mar. 15, 

N. Y Aug. 26, 

Ohio June 10, 

Ger I Mar. 18, 

N. Y ] Jan. 24, 

N. Y I Aug. 12, 

Ger [Jan. 3, 

Ger Mar. 23, 

Mass Aug. 22, 

Ind Oct. II, 

Mass Dec. 20, 



1901 

iqoq 
1913 
1912 
1908 
1913 
1911 
1912 
1910 
1900 



1903 
1912 
1913 
1899 
1903 
1912 
1911 
1911 



Salary. 



$3 , 000 



3.S00 

3.500 
8,000 



2,500 
2,500 



3.S00 
4.500 



2,500 
S.500 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913- 



8,000 



3,000 
3,000 



Pa Pa Aug. 22,1912 

Ger Ger June 30,1911 

Ger N. Y Dec. 20,1904 

Ala Ala June 24,1910 

Va Va Nov. 17,1910 

Mo Mo Apr. 9,1912 

Minn ! Va | Aug. 13,1913 

Ger Ger June 30,1893 

Ireland..! N. Y ' Sept. 18,1913 

Switz I N. Y Oct. 10,1904 

Ireland..! Ger Aug. 29,1910 



4,000 




^2,433.83 



007.00 
1,710.50 



1.735-50 
2,278.50 



4 II . 00 
1,233-50 



1,126.00 



40 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



GERMAN EMPIRE— GREAT BRITAIN AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Name and title. 



Nuremberg, Bavaria George N. Ifft* C. 

Do Ralph W. Dox V. & D. C. 

Do Oscar Bock D. C. 

Plauen, Saxoay Robert Brent Mosher C 

Do I Arthur C. Roth V. & D.C.. 

Markneukirchen^ Saxony.. ■ //'. Bruce M'allacf Agt.. 

Henry C. A. Damnt'' C. 

Emil Schmidt V. & D. C. 

Ernst A. Claaszen Agt.. 

Alexander Eckhardt (») Agt.. 

Wilhehn Potenherg. Agt.. 

Edward Higgins 6 C 

Do ' Ernest Entenmann " V.& D. C. 

Tsingtau, China James C. JVlcNaily " C. 

Do i John A. Bristow f/ V. & D. C. 

Do ' John A. BristovvS' Int.. 




Stettin, Prussia 

Do 

Da nzig-y Prussia 

Konigsberg^ Prussia — 
Sivineiniinde, Prussia. 

Stuttgart, Wurttemberg 



Date of 
commission. 



Idaho 
N. Y... 

Ger 

D. C... 



Pa... 
N. Y 
Ger.. 
D. C 

Pa Pa j June 2 

Iowa I Iowa ' June i 



Jan. ai.igog 
Oct. ii.igio 
July 24,1912 
Aug. ig.igii 
1912 



Wis. 
Ger. 
Ger. 
Ger. 
Ger. 

Mass I Mass 

Ger I N. Y. 

England Pa.... 
Iowa Iowa 



Tenn Apr. 

Ger.. 
Ger.. 
N. Y 
Ger.. 



g, 1912 
Sept. 1,1909 
Dec. 23,1902 
Mar. i3,i8gg 
Mar. 16,1907 
Apr. 2g, igo7 
Mar. i8,igo7 
Apr. 15, igio 
Oct. 9,igi2 



Fees, year 

Salary. f^'^'^Sr 
' ' June 30, 

! 1913- 



Iowa Iowa ! Mar. io,igi3 



GREAT BRITAIN AND DO- 
MINIONS. 

Aden, Arabia 

Do 

Hodeidci, Turkey 

Aucltland, New Zealand 

Do 

Chris/church, A'. Z. 

Du nedin , A'. Z 

Wellington, N. Z 

Barbados, West Indies 

Do 

Kcyseau, Doviinica, //'. / 

St. Lucia, IV. r. 

St. I'incent., iV. I. 

Belfast, Ireland 

Do 

Do 

Londonderry , Irela nd 

Belize, British Honduras 

Do 

Birmingham, England 

Do 

Do 

Kidderminster, England 

Redditch, Efigland 

Bombay, India 

Do 

Bradford, England 

Do 

Do 

Bristol, England 

Do 

Burslem(Stoke-on-Trent\ England 

Do 

Calcutta, India 

Do 

Chittagong, India 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada 

Do 

L ethhridge, Canada 

Campbellton, New Brunswick 

Do 

Paspebiac, Quebec 

Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope. ... 

Do 



Felix Willoughby Smithed C. 

Paul Nalin V. & D. C. 

Erich Lindenineyer Agt.. 

William A. Prickitt h C. 0.. 

Leonard A. Bachelder V. C. G.. 

Frank Graham Agt.. 

Frederick O. Bridgeman Agt.. 

.Arthur Edward Il'hyte -Agt.. 

Chester W. Martin ?> C. 

James E. A. Ince V. & D. C. 

Henry A. Fram/>to7i Agt.. 

Charles GabrieH»} Agt.. 

Ernest .4. Richards Agt.. 

Hunter Sharp C 

Hugh H. Watson V. & D. C. 

Edward Harvey D. C. 

Philip O' Hagan Agt.. 

William L. Avery'' C. 

Jolin H. Biddle V. & D. C. 

Albert Halstead ■■ C. 

Arthur Y. Blakemore V. C.. 

Ernest Harker D. C.. 

James Alorton Agt.. 

IVilliam b\ Brewer Agt.. 

C. 



Russia... 
France .. 

Ger 

N.J 

Mass 

England 
England 
Scotland 

Mich 

Barba ... 
England 
S.Lucia. 
St.Vin... 

N. C 

Vt 

Ireland.. 
Ireland.. 

N. Y 

N. Y 

Ohio 

England 
England 
England 
Pa 



N. Y 

Arabia .. 
Arabia .. 

N.J 

Mass 

N. Z 

N. Z 

N. Z 

Mich 

Barba ... 
Domin... 

N. Y 

St.Vin... 

N. C 

Vt 

Ireland. 
Ireland.. 

Mont 

N. Y 

D. C 

England 
England 
England 
Pa 



Sept. 18, 
Dec. 10, 
Mar. 16, 
Nov. 6, 
July IS, 
Mar. 13, 
Oct. 30, 
Aug. 4, 
June 10, 
Nov. g, 
Nov. 24, 
Aug. 4, 
Feb. 26, 
Dec. 14, 
Aug. 8, 
June 20, 
June 8, 
Mar. 9, 
July 27, 
Apr. 3, 
June 21, 

Nov. IS; 

Mar. 10 
Mar. 13 



Selby S.Coleman V.& D. C. 

Augustus E. Ingram/ C. 

Thomas L. Renton \ . & D. C. 

Richard B. Nicholls D. C. 

Roger Culver Tredweli/ C. 

Richard Castle V. & D. C. 

Robert S. S. Bergh " '' C. 

John H. Copestake V.& D.C.. 

James A. Smith'' C. Q.. 

John Stuart Hunt...V. & D. C. G.. 

.\ustinj. A. CraTen Agt.. 

Samuel C. Reat'' C. 

H. Edgar Anderson V. & D. C. 

.Matthew P. Johnston .'\gt.. 

Theodosius Botkin '' C. 

Francis F. Matheson V. C. 

Daniel Bissau Agt.. 

C.Q.. 

William A. Haygood..V.& D. C.G.. 



Ind 

Pa 

England 
England 

N. Y 

England 
Norway 
England 

Mich 

Tex 

India 

Ill 

Minn 

Iowa 

Ohio 

N. B 

Canada.. 



La 

Cal 

England 
England 

Ind 

England 
N. Dak.. 
England 

Vt 

Tex 

India 

111: 

S. Dak... 

Iowa 

Utah 

N. B 

Canada.. 



Jan. 4, 
June 2, 
Oct. 23, 
Aug. 2, 
Sept. 29, 
Jan. 9, 
Dec. 20, 
Jan. 22, 
Sept. 18, 
June 30, 
July 19, 
Sept. 18, 
Sept. 12, 
Feb. 18, 
Mar. 30, 
July I, 
Apr. 17, 



912 j 
909 
883 j 
893 I 

913 I 
906 I 
gii 
913 
913 
913 
913 
913 
go6 
913 
907 



$4,000 







4,000 








$2,743.00 


2 , 500' 






321.50 

4,o8g.oo 






4,000 











4,000 

1,500 













234-50 


4,500 






708 . 50 





Ga 



Ga. 



Aug. 



3.500 


















3,000 






6,000 








5.00 


3,000 






1,085.50 










593-50 









CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



41 



GREAT BRITAIN AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Cardiff, Wales 

Do 

Charlottetown, Prince Edward 
Island. 

Do 

Sinninersidey P. E. I 

Colombo, Ceylon 

Do 

Cork (Queenstown), Ireland 

Do 

Do 

Liine)-!ck, Ireland 

Cornwall, Ontario 

Do 

Dawson, Yukon Territory 

Do 

Dublin, Ireland 

Do 

Galwa}\ Ireland 

Dundee, Scotland 

Do : 

A berdeen , Scotia nd 

Dunfermline, Scotland 

Do 

Durban, Natal 

Do 

Edinburgh, Scotland 

Do 

Fernie, British Columbia 

Do 

Fort Erie, Ontario 

Do 

Georgetown, Guiana 

Do 

Care»nr, French Guiana 

FaJaiiuiriho, Dutcli Guiana 

Gibraltar, Spain 

Do 

Glasgow, Scotland 

Do 

Do 

Greenock^ Scotia nd. 

Troon , Scotia nd 

Halifax, Nova Scotia 

Do 

Do 

Bridgeivater^ N. S 

Liverpool^ N. S 

Lunenburg. N. S 

Hamilton, Bermuda 

Do 

.S7. George, Bermuda 

Hamilton, Ontario 

Do 

Gait, Ontario 

Hobart, Tasmania 

Do 

Hongkong 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Huddersfield, England 

Do 

Hull, England 

Do 



Name and title. 



Lorin A. Lathrop C. 

Albert S. Phillips V. & D. C.I 

Wesley Frost ft C. 

Charles Lee. Strickland. .V. & D.C.. 

Neil Sinclair Agt.. 

Charles K. JVloser<' C. 

V. & D. C. 

George E. Chamberlin'' C. 

Herbert K. Cruikshan k..\'. & D. C. 

George B. Dawson D. C.. 

Ed in u nd L itdloiv Agt.. 

Giles R. Taggartd C. 

William Gibbens V. & D. C. 

George C. Cole C. 

Georg-e M. Faulkner ...V, & D. C. 

Edward L. Adams C. 

Arthur Donn Piatt V. & D. C. 

Robert A. Tennant Agt.. 

E. Haldeman Dennison '' C. 

Allan Baxter V. & D. C. 

William P. Quann^n) Agt.. 

Howard D. Van Sant^ C. 

V. C. 

Stuart J. Fullerd C. 

Hugh S. Hood V. & D. C. 

Rufus Fleming'' C. 

Frederick P. Piatt V. & D. C. 

Frank C. Denison '' C. 

John R. Pollock V. C. 

Horace J. Harvey & C. 

James B. Curtiss V. & D. C. 

Rea Hanna'' C. 

Lester W. Collins V. & D. C. 

Louis Henry Rene Didier Agt.. 

Henry L: Hirsch/eld. Agt.. 

Richard L. Sprague" C 

Arthur D. Hayden V. & D. C. 

John N. McCunn " '< C. 

Laroy Weber V. & D. C. 

Alfred Middleton D. C. 

James A. Love Agt.. 

Peter H. Waddell. Agt.. 

Evan E. Young '• C. 0.. 

Eugene M. Lamb...V. & D. C. G.. 

Harry S. Hill D. C. G.. 

William //. Owen Agt.. 

Jason M. Mack Agt.. 

Daniel J. Rudolf Agt..j 

W. Maxwell Greene'' C. 

William H. Allen V. & D. C. 

William //. Potter .-Vgt.. 

James M. Shepard '' C. 

Richard Butler" V. & D. C. 

James Ryerson Agt.. 

George M. Hanson <i C 

Charles Ernest Webster V. C. 

George E. Anderson C. G.. 

Algar E. Carleton..V. & D. C. G.. 

John B. Sawyer V. & D. C. G.. 

James Chue Int.. 

Franklin D. Hale'' C. 

David J. Bailey V. & D. C. 

Lewis W. Haskell ^ C. 

James Fisher V. & D. C. 



Where 
born. 



Ohio. 
N. Y., 
Ohio. 



Me... 
P. E. 
Va ... 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Cal. 

Ill .. 
Ky.. 



N. Y June 6 

P. E. I... Oct. 
V^a i Aug. ig 



Date of 
commission. 



Aug. 15 
Dec. 28 
Apr. 5 



Conn 

N. Y 

Ireland.. 
England 

N.J j 

England 
W. Va...' 

Pa 

N. V 

D- c , 

Scotland 

Ohio 

Scotland 
Ireland.. 
N.J 



N. Y 

Ill 

Ireland.. 
Ireland.. 

N. J 

Canada.. 
W. Va... 

Wash 

N. Y 

Ohio 

Ireland.. 

Ohio 

Scotland 

Minn 

N.J 



June 24 
July 24 
Aug. 28 
Nov. 7 
Mar. 13 
Oct. II 
June 22 
Aug. 27 
Mar. I 
May 6 
May 4 
Dec. ig 
June 23 
Aug. 18 
Jan. II 



Iowa 

Ohio 

Ind 

Ohio 

Vt 

Cal 

N. Y 

N. Y 

Ill 

Conn 

Mart 

Guiana.. 
Gibral... 

Mass 

Scotland 

N. Y 

Scotland 
Scotland 
Scotland 

Ohio 

D. C 

N. S 

N.S 

N.S 

N. S 

R. I 

N. Y 

Pa 

Mass 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Utah 

Tasm 

Ill 

Vt 

Wis 

Austral.. 

Vt 

England 

Ark 

England 



Wis 

Tenn 

Ohio 

Ohio 

Vt 

Oreg 

N. Y 

N. Y 

Cal 

Conn 

Guiana.. 
Guiana.. 

Mass 

D. C 

Wis 

N. Y 

Scotland 
Scotland 
Scotland 
S. Dak .. 

D. C 

N.S 

N.S 

N.S 

N. S 

R. I 

N. Y 

Pa 

Mich 

Ill 

U. S 

Utah .... 

Tasm 

Ill 

Vt 

Oreg 

China ... 

Vt 

England 

S. C 

England 



Sept. 18 
Dec. II 
Oct. 5 

July 5 

June 10 
Aug. 5 
July . 
July 24 
Dec. 20 
Nov. IS 
Nov. g 
Aug. II 
July 18 
May 17 
Jan. 14 
July 19 
May 25 
Mar. 27 
Mar. 5 
June. 5 
Jan. 15 
Sept. 20 
Apr. 18 
Dec. 28 
June 13 
Jan. 14 
May 20 
Dec. 21 
July 17 
Feb. i6 
Feb. 23 
Aug. 23 
July 13 
May 4 
Apr. 6 
Aug. 23 
May g 
Aug. 22 
July 26 
Feb. 26 
Mar. 23 



Salary. 



$2,500 



2,000 



gii 

907 

gii 3,000 



gio 

911 
gii 
896 
gi2 
gog 
906 
913 
gog 
893 
go I 
gio 
894 
go6 

QIC 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913- 



$331.50 



480.50 









^ 


2 






^ 















ft 12.50 
983.50 



4.500 












200.50 
1,581.00 




4.500 










614.00 
417.00 

550.00 




2,500 






igi.oo 


3,000 






1,436.00 






















3,000 






2,500 







42 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Jobaanesburg, Transvaal 

Do 

Do 

Bloeiit/ontein^ Oratige 
River Colony. 

Karachi, India 

Do 

Kingston, Jamaica 

Do 

Mont ego Bar., J a ma ica 

Fort Moranty Jafnnica 



Name and title. 



Edwin N. Gunsauius & C. 

Charles B. Henderson..V. & D. C. 

Albert Smith D. C. 

Arthur E. Fichardt Agt. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



I Fees, year 

Salary, f"'^'"^ 
■' June 30, 

1913. 



Ohio.... 

Ill 

N. Y 

So. Af. 



Ohio.... 

Ill 

N.Y.... 
So. Af. 



St. Anns Bay, Jamaica 

Kingston, Ontario 

Do 

Trenton, Ontario 

Leeds, England 

Do 

Llverpooi, England 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Holyhead, Wales 

St. Helens, England 

London, England 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

DoTer, Engl a nd 

Madras, India 

Do 

Malta, Maltese Islands 

Do 

Manchester, England 

Do 

Do 

Melbourne, Australia 

Do 

Adelaide, .4 tistralia 

Fremantle, Western Aus- 
tralia. 

Moncton, New Brunswick 

Do 

Newcastle, N. B 

Montreal, Quebec 

Do 

Hem tn ingford , Quebec 

Nassau, N. P., Bahamas 

Do 

Newcastle, N. S. W., Australia... 

Do 

Brisbane, Queensland 

Toivnsville, Queensla nd 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, England 

Do 

)K«/ Harile/ool, England.. 

Niagara Falls, Ontario 

Do 

Nottingham, England 

Do 

Do 

Derby, England. 

Leicester, Engla nd. 



Stuart K. Lupton r; C. 

Edward L. Rofjers V. & D. C. 

Thomas Willing Peters C. 

V.& D.C. 

Harry M. Doubleday Agt. 

Charles Evait Hal man Beard, 
Agt. 

A nthony B. D. Rerrie Agt. 

Felix S. S. Johnson C. 

Howard S. Folger«...V. & D. C. 

Stephen /. ]'oung Agt. 

Homer M. Byington.f C. 

Charles E. Taylor V. & D. C. 

Horace Lee Washington C. 

William Force Stead V. & D. C. 

William Pierce D. C. 

Hugh Watson D. C. 

Richard D. Roberts Agt. 

Ernest L. Phillips Agt. 

John L. Griffiths C. G. 

Richard Westacott s..V.& D.C. G. 

Carl R. Loop D. C. G. 

Herbert D. Jameson D. C. G. 

Tracy Lay s D. C. G. 

Frederick Crundall -Agt. 

Jose de Olivares'- C. 

V. & D. C. 

James Oliver Laing'^ C. 

James A. Turnbull V. & D. C. 

William H. Robertson'' C. 

John W. Thomas V. & D. C. 

Ernald S. Moseley D. C. 

William C. Magelssen C. 

Charles Hartlett V. & D. C. 

George II. Prosser Agt. 

Udolpho W. Burke Agt. 



Michael J. Hendrick ,...C. 

Chipman A. Steeves V. & D. C. 

Byron N. Call. Agt. 

William Harrison Bradley C. G. 

Patrick Gorman V. & D. C. G. 

Martin />'. Fisher Agt., 

Henry D. Baker'' C. 

Eric V. Solomon V. & D. C, 

George B. Killmaster" C. 

John K. Foster V. & D. C. 

Jaines W. Collins Agt.- 

Joseph Botten Agt., 

Walter C. Hamm'' C, 

Hetherington Ni.xon V. & D. C. 

Hans C. Nielsen Agt.. 

Edwin W. Trimmer C 

George Mortimer V. & D. C. 

Samuel M. Taylor C 

Lewis R. Decker V. & D.C. 

Thomas H. Cook D. C. 

Charles K. Eddoives Agt.. 

Samuel S. Partridge Agt.. 



Tenn ' Tenn. 

England India. 
Pa 1 D. C. 



N. Y 

St. Chris- 
topher 
Jamaica i 

D. C 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

D. C 

England 

D. C 

D. C 

England 
England 
Wales ... 

Pa 

N. Y 

Mass 

Ind 

England 

Ala 

England 
Cal 



N. Y 

Jamaica 

Jamaica 

N. J 

U. S 

Canada. 

Conn 

England 

D.C 

D. C 

England 
England 
Wales ... 

Ill 

Ind 

Mass 

Ind 

England 

Ala 

England 
Mo 



June lo 
Mar. I 
Sept. 16 
Feb. 26 

Aug. 27 
June 2Q 
Sept. 18 



June 3 
Jan. 2 

Oct. 22 
Jan. 10 
Apr. 6 
June 2 
Sept. 18 
June 10 
May 31 
Mar. 2g 
Apr. 28 
Oct. 14 
Aug. II 
Apr. 9 
May 31 
May 24 
Aug. 24 
Aug. 12 
May 27 
Dec. 9 
Jan. 27 



Kans 

Malta ... 

Va 

England 



Mo I 

Malta ...1 

Va 1 

England 



England England 
Minn Minn j 

Austral.. 

S. Aust.. 

Austral.. 



Austral.. 
S. Aust... 
N. Y.. 



N. Y.. 

Canada.. 

Canada. 

Ill 

Canada. 
Canada.. 

Mass 

Baha 

Canada.. 

N. Y 

N. S. W.. 
Austral.. 

N. Y 

England 
England 

N. Y 

Canada.. 

Ohio 

N. Y 

England 
England 
England 



N. Y 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Ill 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Ill 

Baha 

Mich 

N. Y 

Queens.. 
Queens.. 

Pa 

England 
Englaind 

N. Y 

Canada.. 

Ohio 

N. Y 

England 
England 
England 



Aug. 2 
Aug. 8 
June 5 
Dec. 12 
Dec. 12 
Aug. 19 
Mar. 23 
Aug. 10 
Jan. 10 

June 10 
June 30 
Feb. 19 
Aug. 15 
Feb. 18 
Sept. 20 
Aug 22 
Nov. 19 
Jan. 
Jan. 14 
Jan. 8 
Nov. 19 
Feb. 12 
July 2 
May IS 
Aug. 19 
Dec. 15 
May 2 
Apr. 7 
Oct. 26 
Oct. 13 
June I 



1908 I $5,000 

1911 

igi3 

1907 

1909 3,000 



1913 4.500 



1907 
1913 

1902 
1910 
1912 
1891 

1913 

1909 

1909 

1913 

1894 

1909 , 

1909 

1908 

1909 ; 

1897 

1909 

191I 

1912 

1908 

191I 



2.500 
8,000 



191O 
1906 
1913 
1907 
1907 
1911 
1909 
1907 
191I 

1908 
1906 
1904 
1907 
1886 
1912 
1912 
1912 
1908 
1907 
1909 
19IO 
igi2 



1911 
1910 
1910 

1913 
1900 



6,000 



6,000 



2,000 
4.500 



CONSUT.AR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 
GREAT BRITAIN AND DOMINIONS. 



43 



Place. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Orlllla, Ontario 

Uo 

Midland, Ontario 

North Bay, Ontario 

I'arry Sound, Ontario 

Ottawa, Ontario 

Do 

Arnprior, Ontario 

Owen Sound, Ontario 

Do 

Plymouth, England 

Do 

Port Antonio, Jamaica 

Do 

Port Ma ria , J a ina ica 

Port Elizabeth, Cape of Good Hope.. 

Do 

East London, Cape of Good 
Ilopc. 

Port Louis, Mauritius 

Prescott, Ontario 

Do 

Quebec, Quebec 

Do 

/ 'iLtoriaville, Quebec 

Rangoon, India 

Do 

Rlmouskl, Quebec 

Do 

Cabana, Quebec 

Edinundston, N. B 

St. John, New Brunswick 

Do 

Frederic ton, X. B 

St. John's, Newfoundland 

Do 

Bay of Islands fBircky 
Co7'e), Neivfojindland. 

St. John's, Quebec 

Do 

St. Stephen, New Brunswick 

Do 

Sandakan, British North Borneo... 

Do 

Sarnia, Ontario 

Do 

Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario 

Do 

Sudbury, Ontario 

Sheffield, England 

Do 

Do 

Sherbrooke, Quebec 

Do 

Beebe function, Quebec 

Cooksh ire, Quebec 

Megantic, Quebec 

Waterloo, Quebec 

Sierra Leone, West Africa 

Do 

Singapore, Straits Settlements 

Do 

Penang, Straits Settlements., 



Harry P. Dill C. 

Bertram A. S . Webber.... V. & D. C. 

Ronald F. White Agt. 

Kdgar C. Wakefield Agt. 

Walter K. Foot Agt. 

John G. Foster '- C. G. 

Horace M. Sanford..V. & D. C. G. 

William B. Murphy Agt. 

North Winshiprf C. 

Joseph H.Hiint V. & D. C. 

Joseph Q. Stephens'! C. 

John I. Stephens V. & D. C. 

Julius D. Dreher f C. 

Daniel H.Jackson V. & D. C. 

Henry T. Wilco.v Agt. 

Ernest A. Wakefield '' C. 

V.&D.C. 

Willia,!, 11. Fuller Agt. 



Me 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Me : 

Ireland.. 

V' 

Conn I 

N. c ; 

Ga i 

Canada..! 
England 
Pa 

S.C 

Jamaica 

N. C 

Me 



Me 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Me 

Canada.. 

Vt 

Conn 

N. C 

Ga 

Canada.. 

Ind 

Ind 

S.C 

Jamaica- 

N J 

Me 



Date of 
commission. 



June ID, 
Nov. g, 
Oct. 14, 
Oct. I, 
Nov. 2, 
June 18, 
Sept. g, 
Aug. 24, 
July 14, 
Nov. 13, 
July 15. 
Oct. 7, 
June 24, 
June 30, 
June 13, 
Jan. II, 



igog 
igo7 
1906 



igog 

'913 
igii 
i8g7 
iSgq 
1910 
igo6 
igi2 
igio 



CapeCol CapeCoI Mar. 28,18 



Martin R. Sackett h C. 

James Buckly V. & D. C. 

Gebhard Willrich "b C. 

Joseph F. Fitzgibbon....V. & D. C. 

John H. Gray Agt. 

Maxwell K. Moorhead-'' C. 

Howard B. Osborn V. & D. C. 

Frederick M. Ryder" C. 

Michel Ringuet, jr V. & D. C. 

Henry C. Hainel Agt. 

Luther O. Keeton -"^gt. 

Henry S. Culver ?> C. 

Lewis C. Thompson.. ..V. & D. C. 
;/ illiain W. Heard Agt. 

James S. Benedict C. 

Henry F. Bradshaw V. C. 

Ozro C. Gouldi'^) Agt. 



John Donaghy V. & D. C. 

Charles A. McCullough t> C.. 

Charlie N. Vroom V. & D. C. 

C. 

John Nimmo Wardrop V. C.. 

FredC. Slater»f' C. 

Arthur J. Chester V. & D. C. 

George W. Shotts '' C. 

James Dawson V. & D. C 

Dai'id .M. llrodie Agt.. 

Robert J. Thompson c C. 

Rice K. Evans V. & D. C. 

Luther J. Parr D. C. 

Charles N. Daniels >> C. 

George E. Borlase V. <^ D. C. 

Hoel S. Beebe Agt.. 

Arthur L. Wooldridge Agt.. 

Henry W. Albro Agt.. 

Arthur S. Neivell. Agt.. 

William J. Yerby C. 

Charles Perinaux \'. & D. C. 

Edwin S. Cunningham'' C. G.. 

Caspar L. Dreier V. & D. C. G.. 

Joseph Heiin Agt.. 



N. Y 

Canada.. 

Ger 

N. Y 

Tenn 

Pa 

N. J 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Mass 

Miss 

Ohio 

Va 

Md 

N. Y 

N. F 

Minn 



Canada.. 

Me 

N. B 



England 

Ger 

Canada.. 

Ohio 

Canada.. 
Scotland 

Iowa 

Ohio 

England 

N. Y 

Canada.. 

Vt 

Mo 

Canada.. 

Ill 

Ark 

France .. 

Tenn 

Iowa 



N. Y 

Canada.. 

Wis 

N. Y 

Tenn 

Pa 

N. J 

Conn 

Canada., 

Me 

Miss 

Ohio 

Va 

Md 

N. Y 

N. F 

Minn 



June 5,1903 
Apr. 5,1876 
June 9,1909 
July 19,1913 
July 2,1913 
Apr. 15, igio 
Aug. io,igii 
June io,igo8 
June 30, 1906 
Oct. 22,1913 
Sept. ir , 1913 
June 24, 1910 
June 13, 1912 
June 13, 1912 
Mar. 30,1907 
May 1,1897 
Nov. 7,1912 



Salary. 



6,000 



Fees, year 
ending 
June 30, 

, 1913- 



Canada.. 

Me 

N. B 



Feb. 26,1890 
July 17,1897 
Aug. 26,1895 



B. N. B.. 

Kans 

Canada.. 

Mich 

Canada.. 
Canada.. 

Ill 

Ohio 

England 

Conn 

Canada.. 

Vt 

Minn 

Canada.. 

Ill 

Tenn 

S. Leone 

Tenn 

Iowa 

S. S 



Apr. 21, 1909 
July 16,1909 
May 18,1900 
June 22,1906 
Aug. 28,1909 
Feb. 1,1907 
Aug. 22,1912 
Apr. 26,1909 
July 31,1902 
Aug. 22,1912 
Feb. 4,1899 
Oct. 15,1909 
Feb. 20,1913 
Oct. 28,1898 
Aug. 29,1910 
June 28,1906 
Sept. 16,1913 
Aug. 22,1912 
Feb. 7,1913 
Dec. 2,igi2 



2,000 
2,500 



$1,154.50 

2,660.00 

206 . 00 



2.34-85 



4.931-50 
4.023.50 





4,360.00 


2,500 






"40.5U 
















3,000 









1 











2,440.00 

2,138.50 

932.00 

2,588.00 



44 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



GREAT BRITAIN AND DOMINIONS— GUATEMALA. 



Place. 



Southampton, England 

Do 

Jersey^ Channel Islands.. 

II 'evinouiJi^ England 

Suva, Fiji islands 

Swansea, Wales 

Do 

Sydney, Australia 

Do 



Name and title. 



Albert W. Swalm C. 

John A. Broomhead'i...V. & D. C. 

E. B. Kenouf. Agt. 

Frederick 11'. Fuller Agt. 

C. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Fees, year 

Salary, .^"'^'"er 
■^ I June 30, 



Sydney, Nova Scotia. 

Do 



C. Ludlow Livingston '' C. 

William D. Rees V. & D. C. 

John P. Bray C. Q. 

Elliott VerneRichardson,V.& D. 

C. G. 
Charles M. Freeman C. 



Pa I Iowa Mar. ig,igo9 

England; N. Y July le.igog 

Jersey ...j Jersey ...I Dec. i,i8q2 

England England July 17,1902 



N. Y Pa Jan. 10,1910 

Wales.... Wales.... Oct. 29,1897 

Minn , N. Dak... I June io,igo8 ' 

Mass I N. Y I Mar. 25,1910 



Canso, N. S. 

Lo^tisburg, N. S 

Port l/nivkesbiiry. A'. .9., 

Toronto, Ontario 

Do 

Peterborough, Ontario.... 

Trinidad, West Indies 

Do 



George A. R. Rowlings, V. & 
D. C. 

Alfred II'. Hart Agt.. 

Henry C. r. Le I'atte Agt.. 

Alexander Bain Agt.. 



Me... 
N. S. 



N. H [ Aug. 19,1911 

N. S I May 2,1910 



N. S. 

N. S. 

N. S., 



N. S. 
N. S. 
N. S. 



Brighton, lsla>id of Trini- 
dad. 

Grenada, W. I 

Turks Island, West Indies 

Do 

Cockhiirn Harbor, 11'. 1 

Matthew Toivn, Bahamas.. 
Salt Cay, W. I 

Vancouver, British Columbia 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Nelson, B. C 

IVkite Horse, Yukon Ter- 
ritory. 

Victoria, British Columbia 

Do 

Ciiniberland, B, C 

Nanaiino, B. C. 

Windsor, Ontario 

Do 

Winnipeg, Manitoba 

Do 

Fort ll'illiain, Ontario 

Kenora, Ontario 

Yarmouth, Nova Scotia 

Do 

Annapolis Royal, N. S 

Digby,N..S. 



David S. Tovell V. & D. C. 

Charles F. Leonard Agt. 

Andrew J. McConnico'^' C. 

Edward B. Cipriani »f..V. & D. C. 
IVilliam E. Daly Agt. 

F.J. Dean Agt. 

Charles Forman'' C. 

W. Stanley Jones V. & D. C. 

Cleophas Hunt Durham Agt. 

John T. Sargent Agt 

Alexis W. Harriott Agt. 

Robert E. Mansfield b CO. 

G.Carlton Wood ward, V.&D.C.G. 

Joseph B. Colvard D. C. G. 

John S. Armstrong, ir.«..D. C. G. 

Walter .S. Riblet Agt. 

Elmer J. White Agt. 

Abraham E. Smith " '' C. 

Earl K. Hoynton V. & D. C. 

George ir. Clinton Agt. 

Joseph H. Pashley Agt. 

Harry A. Conant C. 

Daniel Chater V. & D. C. 

Frank Dillingham'' C. G. 

James J. McBridc.V. & D. C. G. 

George H . Fri-rman Agt. 

Rupert H. Moore Agt. 

Alfred J. Fleming^ C. 

George P. Waller, jr...V.& D. C. 

Jacob M. Owen Agt. 

William B. .Stewart Agt. 



Canada..' Canada.. 

Vt Iowa 

Miss , Miss 

Trinidad! U. S 

P. R Trinidad 



England 

La 

Turks I.. 
Turks I.. 

Baha 

Turks I.. 

Iowa 

Pa 

N. C 

Ariz 

Wis 

Ohio 



Grenada 

La 

Turks I.. 
Turks I.. 

Baha 

Turks I.. 

Ind 

Pa 

N. C 

N. C 

Wash 

Wash 



England 111 

Wis 1 Wash 

Pa 

N. Y I U. S 

Mich ! Mich .... 

Canada..; Canada 



July 23,18 
Nov. 3,18 
Oct. 26,18 



Dec. 6,1904 
Oct. 11,1910 
Sept. 18,1913 
May 8,1912 
Dec. 13,1911 

Dec. 16,1891 
Aug 23,1912 
Sept. 24,1909 
July 1,1896 
Dec. 7,1910 
Mar. 2,1911 
Sept. 29,1913 
Sept. 3,1910 
Dec. 2,igi2 
Dec. 12, 1912 
Aug. 19, 1902 
Apr. 7,igii 



Vt 

Ohio 

N. Y 

England 

Mo 

Ala 

N. S 

N. S 



GREECE. 

Athens William H. Gale '■ C.G.. 

Do i Bernard Melissinos V. C. G.. 

Do I Constantine M. Corafa"..D. C. G.. 

Kalamata 1 Ripley Wilson ('<) Agt.. 

Patras Arthur B. Cooked C.. 

Do ' Adalbert B. C. Kuhn...V. & D. C 



N. Y 

Greece . 
Greece . 

Ill 

Va 

Turkey . 



GUATEMALA 

Guatemala 

Do 

Champerico 



George A. Bucklin, jr.'' CO.. Mo ... 

William Owen V. & D. C. G..: D. C 

Agt.. 

Livingston Edward Reed. Agt.. Cal ... 

Sanjos^ de Guatemala ' Agt 



July 2,1897 
Aug. 20, 1912 

Pa I Nov. 10, 1898 

Mar. 26,1906 
Apr. 18,1905 
June 13,1904 

Cal Sept. 18,1913 

Ohio Aug. 24,1909 

Tenn Feb. 8,1913 

Canada.. Mar. 6,1909 

Mo Mar. 30,1907 

Ala Feb. 18,1913 

N. S Apr. 8,1872 

N. S Jan. 16,1873 



Va 

Greece . 

N. Y 

Ill 

S. C 

Greece . 



Okla. 

Md... 



Cal. 



Jan. 11,1910 
Sept. 13,1906 
Feb. i3,igii 
Mar. 3,igi3 
Mar. 7,igio 
June 12,1913 



June 24, igio 
June 28,igo4 



Apr. 6,1901 



$4,500 



2,000 
3,000 



$133-50 
344 -so 



167.50 
6 1 2 . 00 

464.50 



764.00 





52-50 






42.50 


4 . 500 













2,766.50 

552.00 



221 .50 
502.50 



774-50 

2,105.50 

525.00 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



45 



HAITI— JAPAN. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Jan. 14,1 
Jan. 27,1 
Sept. 8,1 



HAITI. 

Cape Haitien ' Lemuel W. Livingston'' C.i Fla Fla... 

Do j Polydor Czaykowski...V. & D. C.j Haiti ! Haiti 

Gonaives 1 /. William H'oeH.") Agt..l Haiti Mass 

Pott de Fai.r.... ! Carl Abfg;g^{n) Agt..' Switz N. Y j June 12 

Port au Prince John B. Terres C. N. C \. V May 5 

Do .-Vlexander I^attiste V, & D. C. Ga Haiti 

Aux Cayfs I Adolph Strohvi Agt..! Ger Haiti 

Jacmel Louis I^iial {») Agt..' Haiti Conn 

Jeremie : Sit. Charles ]'ilU<{ro!ii>t (").... .\gt..' Haiti N. V. 



Salary. 



July 30, 
Dec. I, 
Feb. 6, 
June 15, 



Petit Godvf.. 



Georo Bohne A&t--| Ger Haiti i Jan. 



HONDURAS. 

Ceiba Harold D. Clum'' C. 

Do I Leopold Eden Scott V. & D. C. 

Bonacca I Sandy Kirkcottnell Agt.. 

Roatan Oliver L. //ard.^raiw Agt.. 

Tela li'allace C. 1 1 titcliinson Agt.. 

Puerto Cortes David J. D. Myers'' C. 

Do V. & D. C 

Sa>i Pedro Siila J. .M. .Mitchell, jr Agt.. N.J Pa Jan 

Tegucigalpa Armlnius T. Haeberle'' C. Mo Mo Jan. ii 

Do Benjamin D. Guilbert..V. & D. C. Cal Cal Sept. ir 

Amn/<ala Agt 

San Jiiancito ' Louis F. I'aletitivea Agt. Hond..... N. Y Sept. 5 



N. Y N. Y Mar. 13, 

W.I Hond : June 20, 

Hond Hond June 20, 

Arlv- Fla May 28, 

Vt N. Y Apr. 12, 

Ga (;a Aug. 24, 



1904 
1904 
igo6 
1904 
1903 
1912 



1912 
igi2 
1906 
1910 

igi2 



6,1891 

I , igio 

1905 



ITALY. 

Catania Alexander W. Weddellt' C. 

Do Robert Y. Barldey V. & D. C. 

Florence Leo J. Keena'^' C. 

Do William Wright Burt<>..V. & D. C. 

Genoa John Edward Jones C. G. 

Do James B. Young-'...V. & D. C. G. 

Do .'Vngelo Boragino " D. C G. 

Leghorn Benjamin F. Chasei^ C. 

Do LeonBohmdeSauvanne,V.&D.C. 

Carrara Felix .4 .Dahlias Agt. 

Milan Nathaniel B. Stewart^ C. 

Do Ilo C. Funk'* V. & D. C. 

Do N. Lyle Robb D. C. 

Naples William W. Handley C. 

Do Herbert C. Biar s V.& D. C. 

Bari ; Max .4 made us I\Iiescher Agt. 

Capri Thomas Spencer Jerome Agt., 

Palermo Hernando de Sotof/ C. 

Do Nicholas Paterniii V. & D. C. 

Rome Chapman Coleman C. 

Do I'lysses J. Bywater"...V. & D. C. 

Do Vincenzo de Masellis D. C. 

Tripoli, Libya John Q. Wood rf C. 

Do Arthur E. Saunders \'. & D. C. 

Turin Charles B. Perryrf C. 

Do Piero Gianolio Y. & D. C, 

Venice James Verner Long C. 

Do I Alexander Thayer Y. & D. C. 



Va 

D. C 

Mich 

Italy 

D. C 

D. C 

Italy 

Pa 

Ger 

Pa 

Ga 

Colo 

.1 Kans 

D. C 

Ill 

Italy 

Mich 

Ger 

Italy 

Ky 

England 

Italy 

Me 

England 

Nebr 

Italy 

Pa 

Mass 



Va 

D, C 

Mich .... 

N. Y 

D. C 

Pa 

Cal 

Pa 

Italy 

N. Y 

Ga 

Colo 

Te.x 

N. Y 

Ind 

Italy 

Mich 

Cal 

Italy 

Ky 

Mass 

Italy 

Hawaii. 
Tripoli . 

Nebr 

Italy 

Pa 

Mass.... 



Aug. 22 
Sept. 27 
Dec. 14, 
June 3 
Sept. 18 
Aug. 29 
May 10, 
Sept. 18 
Jan. 4, 
May 2, 
July 14, 
Aug. 29 
Nov. 3, 
Dec. 14, 
Dec. 5, 
June I, 
Jan. 23 
June 24, 
June 6, 
June 10 
July 27, 
Nov. 14, 
Aug. 2, 
Apr. 28, 
Aug. 22, 
Mar. 6, 
Aug. 2, 
Sept. 5, 



igi2 
iq'3 
1910 
igio 
1913 
1913 
igog 
1913 
1913 
igio 
1913 
1913 
i9'3 
igio 
igi2 
1912 
1901 
1910 
1911 



JAPAN. 

Dalny, Manchuria Albert W. Pontius ff C. Minn Minn Aug. 

Do V. & D. C. 

Kobe George N. Wesl& C. 

Do Walter Gassett V. & D. C.j 

Do J. Preston Doughten D. C. 

Do Walter Gassett Int.. 

Yokkaichi Willardde L. Kingsbury Agt.. 



Me D. C 

Mass Hawaii.. 

Del .' Del 

Mass Hawaii.. 

Cal Cal 



Aug. 26,1910 
Nov. 2g, 1905 
Aug 23,1910 
Nov. 29, 1905 
Aug. II , igog 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

i9'3- 



$327.50 ( 
317.00 



379.00 
420.50 
409.50 
326.00 



301.00 
4 1 8 . 00 
549.00 



3,000 






4,500 








3,000 








2>335-oo 


4,000 








4,000 








1,80c 



1,832.50 



46 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



JAPAN-MEXICO. 



Place. 



Name and title. 



Nagasaki Carl F. Delchman'j C. 

Do ' Harold C. Hugrginscr...V. & D. C. 

Do Harold C. Huggins!/ Int., 

Seoul, Chosen George H.Scidmore/ CO.. 

Do Raymond S.Curtice6',V.& D.C.G., 

Do Raymond S. Curticeff Int.- 

Tansui, Taiwan Adolph A. Williamsons C. 

Vokobama Tbomas Sammons C. 0., 

Do Hasell H. Dick ■-• V. & D. C. G. 



Where 
born. 



Do 
Do. 



Joseph W. Ballantineaff...D. C. G.. 

Gustave J. Barrett D. C. G.. 

Do Max D. Kirjassoffff'i D. C. G.. 

Do i Joseph W. HallantineaflF Int., 

Do .1 Max D. Kirjassofffl"" ....Int., 

Hakodate Edivard Julian Kin^. Agt., 



KONGO. I 

Boma C. G.. 

Do '• Harry A. McBride s..V. & D. C. G.. 



Mo 

Oreg.... 
Oreg.... 
Iowa.... 
Conn... 
Conn... 
D. C... 
N. Y.... 

S.C 

India... 

Md 

Russia. 
India... 
Russia. 
N. Y.... 



Mich , 



LIBERIA. 

Monrovia George W. Buckner iC. G.. Ky , 

Do John H. Reed V. C. G.. La.. 



MEXICO. 



Acapulco, Guerrero 

Do 

Aguascallentes, Aguascalientes 

Do 

Chihuahua, Chihuahua 

Do 

Parral, Chihuahu,, 

Cludad Juarez, Chihuahua 

Do 

Cludad Porflrio Diaz (Pledras 
Negras), Coahuila. 

Do 

Durango,Durango 

Do 

Tofiia, Durango 

Tor 7- ton, Cea h ti ila 

Ensenada, Lower California 

Do 

Do 

Frontera, Tabasco 

Do 

Guadalajara, Jalisco 

Do 

Hermoslllo, Sonora 

Do 

Guityinas, Sotwia 

La Paz, Lower California 

Do 

Manzanlllo, Collma 

Do 

Matamoros, Tamaullpas 

Do 

Mazatlan, Sinaloa 

Do 

Los Mochis, Sinaloa 



Clement S. Edwards^ C. N. Y 

Harry K. Pangburn V. & D. C. Iowa 

Gaston Schmutz'< C 

Harold G, Bretherton'L.V. & D. C. 

Marion Letcher'' C. 

Edward A. Powers V.& D. C. 

/antes f. Long Agt.. 

Thomas D. Edwards '» C. 

Guillermo Zoeller V. & D. C. 

C. 



La 

Canada. 

Ala 

Conn .... 

Pa 

N. Y 

Tex 



William P. Blocker V. & D. C. 

Theodore C. Hamm^' C. 

V. & D.C. 

T/ioiii as J. Lawrence Agt. 

George C. Caroihers Agt. 

C. 



Tex 

Vt... 



Colo. 
Tex . 



Claude E Guyant V. & D.C. 

Frederick R. Sawday 'i..V. & D. C. 

Alpbonse J. Lespinasse C. 

Edward M. Watson V. & D. C. 

C. 



Ill 

England 

N. Y 

Ind 



William B. Davis V. & D. C. 

Louis Hosteller b C. 

Robt.S.Van R.Gutman..V.&D.C. 

Charles /). Taylor Agt. 

Lucien N. Sullivanrf.t C. 

J. C. Ingram V. & D. C. 

Milton B. Kirk/ C. 

Richard M. Stadden V. & D. C. 

Jesse H. Johnson '> C. 

EmilioJ. Puig V.& D.C. 

William E. Alger C. 

A. Gordon Brown V.&.D.C. 

Agt. 



Tex 

N. Y 

N. Y 

N. Y 

Ind 

Cal 

Ill 

Ill 

W. Va.. 

Tex 

Mass [ Mass 

Va I Va.... 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Salary. 



Mo May3i,igog $3,500 

Oreg i Dec. 5,1912 

Oreg Dec. 5,igi2 

Wis ' Aug. 27,1909 

Pa 

Pa 

D. C... 
Wash.. 

S.C 

Mass.., 

Md 

Conn.. 
Mass.. 
Conn. 
N. Y... 



Mich , 



Ind.. 
Tex 



Minn..., 

Ky 

La 

Mont..., 

Ga 

Ill 

Pa 

S. Dak. 
Tex .... 



Tex 

Va .. 



Nev 
Tex 



111 

Cal.... 

N. Y.. 
Kans. 



Colo 

N. Mex. 

N. Y 

N. Y , 

Pa 

Cal 

Ill 

Fla 

Tex 

Tex :. 



July 5,1913 



Sept. 10, 1913 
June 15, 1908 



Mar. 2,igii 
Sept. 1,1908 
Aug. 19,1911 
Nov. 8,1910 
Jan. 10,1911 
July 24,1912 
Apr. i,'i8g5 
June 30, 1905 
Oct. 4,1910 



July 18,1913 
Aug. 19, igii 



June 18, igio 
Jan. 8,igo2 



Oct. 15,1913 I 
Mar. 1,1911 
June 10,1908 
Apr. 27,i9ro 



Sept. 30, igo8 
May i,igo5 
Aug. 24,igo5 
Oct. ii,igo6 
May 3i,igog 
July 17,1912 
Aug. I9,igii 
Oct. ii,igo6 
Jan. i2,igio 
Apr. 2g,igi2 
Dec. i6,igog 
Feb. 7,igi2 




CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



47 



MEXICO-iVETHERI.ANDS AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Mexico, Mexico 

Do 

Do 

Guanajuato, Guanajuato 

Oaxnca, Oaxaca 

Pufbin, Puebla 

Monterey, Nuevo Leon 

Do 

Do 

Nogales, Sonora 

Do 

Do 

Cananea, Sonora 

Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas 

Do 

Progreso, Yucatan 

Do 

Salina Cruz, Oaxaca 

Do 

Puerto Mexico, Vera Cruz... 
Saltillo, Coaliuila 

Do 

San Luis Potosi, San Luis Potosi. 

Do 

Tampico, Tamaulipas 

Do 

Do 

fuxpiiin. Vera Cruz 

Tapacbula, Chiapas 

Do 

Vera Cruz, Vera Cruz 

Do 



MOROCCO. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Arnold Shanltlin C. G.. 

Henry M. WoIcott..V. & D. C. G.. 

John D. Van Horn D. C. G.. 

John B. Glenn Agt.. 

Agt.. 

Agt.. 

PhilipC. Hanna C. G.. 

T. Ayres Robertson..V. •& D. C. G.. 

John C. Allen D. C. G.. 

C. 



Mo.... 
Vt.... 
Tex . 
N. C 



Salary, 



Iowa 
Mo... 

N. Y.. 



Mo Jan. 11,1909 $6,000 

N. Y j May 14,1912 j , 



Tex . 
N. C 



Dec. 21,1912 
Feb. 27,1912 



Frederick Simpich V. & D. C..! 

Thomas D. Bowman ...V. & D. C.. 

George A. H'iswatl Agt.. 

Alonzo B. Garrett '' C. 

Shelby J. Theriot V. & D. C. 

Wilbur T.Qracey C. 

William P. Young V. & D. C. 

C. 



Ill 

Mo 

Ill 

W. Va. 

Te.x 

Mass ... 
Pa 



Warren W. Rich V. & D. C. 

Agt.. 

C. 



N. Y. 



John R. Silliman V.&. D. C. 

Wilbert L. Bonneyd C. 

Frank A. Dickinson V. & D. C 

Clarence A. Millerd C. 

Neill E. Pressly V. & D. C, 

Thomas H. Bevaii -f V. & D. C. 

Arthur C. Payne Agt.. 

c. 



Ala 

Minn ..., 
Mexico , 

Mo 

S. c 

Md 

N. I 



Iowa . 
Mo.... 



Nov. 
Feb. 



1,1899 3.500 
8.1905 I 



N. Y I Apr. 28,1911 



Wash j Oct. 15,1913 

Mo I Dec. 2i,igii 

111 ' July 29,1909 

Sept. 21,1901 
June 10,1911 
Mar. 13,1912 
Feb. 17,1910 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913- 



W. Va... 

Tex 

Cal 

Pa 



N. Y ; Nov. 20,1912 



Tex 

111.. 



Charles A. Lesher V. & D. C. 

William W. Canada C. 

Ernesto Lux V. & D. C. 



Mo.. 
Ind.. 
Gen. 



Tangier Maxwell Blake'" C. G..' Mo 

Do Arthur Gassett V. & D. C. G.. Mass 

Do Michael A. El Khazen Int..' Syria 

Casa Blanca Agt 

Mogador George Broome Agt.. England 



NETHERLANDS AND DO- 
MINIONS. 



Amsterdam 

Do 

Batavia, Java 

Do 

Macassar, Celebes 

Pail a ng, Su niatra 

Saerabaya, Jaz'a 

Curasao, West Indies 

Do 

Bonaire, IV. I 

Rotterdam 

Do 

Do 

Flush ing, Neih erla nds 

Luxemburg, Luxemburg..... 
Sell even ingen , Net her la nds. 



Frank W. Mahinb C. 

Dirk P. De Young V. & D. C. 

Bradstreet S. Rairden .C. 

Percy W. Rairdena \- . & D. C. 

]\'iebe P. de Jong Agt.. 

Agt.. 

Benjamin A". Powell Agt.. 

Elias H. Cheney C 

Christoffel S. Gorsira V. C. 

Got t lob IV. Hellmund. Agt.. 

Soren Listoe '> C.G.. 

Gerhard H. Krogh ...V.& D.C.G.. 

Martin Baker D. C. G.. 

Pieter F. Auer Agt.. 

Desire Derulle Agt.. 

Anders C. .Velson (») Agt.. 



Iowa . 
Kans . 

La 

Java... 
Java . 



Dec. 13,1907 
June 24, igio 

Tex j Sept. 30, 1908 

Mo j Jan. 11,1910 

N. C I Jan. 28,1909 



Md .. 
N.J 



Cal 

Ind 

Mexico.. 



Mo 

Wyo 

Morocco 



June 27,1912 
May 16,1912 



Sept. 20, 1909 
June 7,1897 
Nov. 28, 1903 



Dec. 14,1910 I 3,500 

May 21,1912 i 

; 1,200 



Morocco Sept. 17,18 



Iowa 

N. Mex. 

Me 

U. S 

Celebes. 



England Java 

N. H I N. H 

W. I j W. I 

Bonaire.! Bonaire. 

Den j Minn.... 

N. Dak..l S. Dak.. 

Md 1 Md 

Neth I Neth 

Lux Lux 

Den ' 111 



May 
Dec. 
Oct. 
Aug. 
May 



, IQIO 
,1909 
, 1900 
,1911 
,1906 



Oct. 
Feb. 
June 
Jan. 
May 
Nov. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Apr. 



29, 1897 



, igo6 
, I goo 
, igo2 
,1911 
.1913 I 
,1899 , 
.1913 I 
,1910 I 



$200.00 
166.00 
852.00 



987.50 



87.00 



300.00 

569.50 

1 ,382.50 



150.50 



120.00 

265 . 50 

3,106.50 



48 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



NICARAGUA— PORTUGAL AND DOMINIONS. 



Place. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



NICARAGUA. 

Bluefields Arthur J. Clare" C. Barba 

Do William A, Deverall..A'. & I). C. N. Y. 

Cape Gracias a Dios C. 

Corinto C. 

Do ! Henry H. Leonard V. & D. C..! Ind 

Matagalpd ' Williain H. De 5rtr'7>«j' (n)..Agt..! Canada. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



D. C. 

N. Y. 



Date of 
commission. 



Salary, 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913. 



Jan. 
Oct. 



!I , I9II 

2, iqii 



13,500 



San Juan del Sur Charles HohiianM Agt. 

Managua C 



NORWAY. 

Bergen Bcrtil M. Rasmusen C 

Do , Alfred O. Tittmann V. & D. C. 

Do I Tliorvald K. Beyer D. C. 

Cbristiania Charles A. Holder''. C. Q.. 

Do Haakon K. Dahr. jr...V.& D.C.G.. 

Do j Martin E. Guttormsen D. C. G.. 

Christ iansaiid I Borre Rosenkilde Agt.. 

rrondhjeiii 1 Halldor O. 0/>pedal Agt.. 

Stavanger Walter A. Leonard'* C. 

Do Frithjof C. Sigmond...V. & D. C. 

OMAN. 

Maskat C.. 

Do Mahomed Fazel V. & D. C. 

PANAMA. 

Colon James C. Kellogg C. 

Do Lindsey L. Jewel V. & D. C. 

Kocas del Toro Paul Osterhout Agt.. 

Panama Alban G. Snyder C. G.. 

Do j Daniel .1. Waters V. & D. C. G.. 

Saniiaso Nathaniel I. Hill. Agt.. 



Ger.. 



Ind.... 
Minn . 
Nic... 



Iowa 

Mo 

Norway. 

N. Y 

Norway. 
Norway. 
Norway. 
Norway. 

Iowa 

Minn 



India . 



July 1,1908 
Jan. 24,1905 
Apr. 10,1886 



Iowa Jan. 12,1910 

N. Me.x.. Jan. g, 1912 
Norway. Aug. 3,1908 

Colo Aug. 22,igi2 

Norway. Oct. 12,1900 
Norway. Feb. 27,1912 
Norway. Mar. 5,1910 
Norway. Nov. 22, 191 2 

111 ! Aug. 23,1912 

Oreg '• Aug. 16,1911 



Oman ...I June 26,1907 



La May 27,1905 

Va Sept. 26,1913 

Tex I Dec. io,igo8 

W. Va... Jan. 11,1909 

D. C D. C I Feb. 8,1913 

U. S I June 3,1904 



Miss 

Va 

Tex 

W. Va.. 



PARAGUAY. \ 

Asuncion : Cornelius Ferris, jr.d C.j Mich 

Do 1 Maximo F. Croskey V. & D. C. Paraguay 



PERSIA. 

Tabriz j Gordon Paddock C. 

Teheran | Craig W. Wadsworth ' '-C. Q.. 

Do i Ralph H. Badercr V.& D. C. G.. 

Do ''' Ralph H. Bader!/ Int.. 

PERU. i 
Callao C, 0... 



Do 

Cerro de Pasco 

Mollendo 

Paita 

Salaverry 

Iqultos 

PORTUGAL AND DOMINIONS. 



Luther K. Zabriskie V. & D. C. 

Harry Christiansen Agt.. 

Thomas Orams j Agt.. 

Charles B. G. Wilson Agt.. 

John P. Brof'hy Agt.. 



N. Y. 
Pa.... 
Va.... 
Va.... 



Conn 

Ill 

England 

Peru 

Canada.. 



Lisbon 

Do 

Funchal^ Madeira 

Oporto^ Portugal. 

Sao Vicente, C. V. I 

Lourenco Marques, East Africa.. 

Do 

St. Michael's, Azores 

Do 

Fay a /, A zores 

Terceira, Azores 



Will L. Lowrie^' C.G.. 

Kenneth S. Patton s..V. & D.C.G.. 

John Correia Agt.. 

William H. Stiive Agt.. 

/. B. Guimaraes Agt.. 

George A. Chamberlain « C. 

James Owen Spence V. & D. C.. 

Edward A. Creevey t> C. 

Wm. W. NichoUs" V. & D. C. 

jl/oyses Benarus Agt.. 

Thoviede Castro Agt.. 



Mich 

Va 

Ill 

Portugal 
C. V. I... 
Brazil ... 
England 

N.J 

England 
Azores... 
Azores... 



Colo ' May 31,1909 

Paraguay Aug. 22,1911 



N. Y., 
N. Y. 
Va.... 
Va.... 



Conn , 

111 

Peru.. 
Peru.. 
Peru.. 



July 5,1913 
Oct. 28,1913 
July 17,1912 
Aug. 1,1908 
Dec. 28, loii 



111 

Va 

Ill 

Portugal 
C. V. I... 
N. Mex.. 
L. Marq. 

Conn 

Mass 

Azores... 
Azores... 



Aug. 22,1912 
July 25,1912 
Nov. 25,1912 
Jan. 2,1908 
Jan. 23,1895 
May 31,1909 
Mar. 5,1910 
June 10,1908 
Sept. 5,1899 
June 10,1899 
Jan. 4,igo8 



2 ,000 
3,000 



June 24,1910 I 3,000 

Aug. 22,1912 I 

July 1,1912 

July 1,1912 1,000 



$10.00 
451.00 



3,000 






. 




440.00 

581.00 




2,000 

















5>5oo 










2,000 





12.00 

519.00 

1,381.50 

637-50 



1,206.50 

I, 353-50 
257.00 



300.50 
460.7s 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 
ROUMANIA— SPAIN AND DOMINIONS. 



49 



Place. 



ROUMANIA. 

Bucharest 

Do 

So/in, Stt/^iifia 

RUSSIA. 

Batum 

Do 

Moscow 

Do 

Oiiisk^ Sibeyiii 

Odessa 

Do 

Rosioff-on-Don 

Riga 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Charles Campbell, jr.c- fcC. G.. 

Wm. G. Boxshall...V. & D. C. G.. 
Acene C. Kerinekichieff. Agt.. 



Leslie A. Davis-' C. 

Emerio Mattievich V. C.. 

John H. Snodgrass C. Q.. 

Alfred W. Smith a.. .V. & D. C. G.. 

Ailolph F. Reinecke Agt.. 

John H. Grout C 

David John Howells...V. & D. C. 

George R. Martin Agt.. 

William F. Doty b C.. 

Do ; V. & D. C. 

l.ihau I Alfred Seligmann Agt.. 

St. Petersburg ' Jacob E. Conner rf C 

Do Paul Bartlett V. & D. C. 

Do H. Custis Vezey V. & D. C. 

Helsing:fprs, Finland Victor Ek Agt.. 

Reval Rustan Erich Albert Radaii..Agl.. 

Vladivostok, Siberia John F. Jewell'' C. 

Do , Harold F. Nevvhard V. & D. C. 

Warsaw Thomas E. Heenan C. 

Do Witold Fuchs V. & D. C. 

SALVADOR. 

San Salvador Thomas Hinckley ' fcC. G.. 

Do Antony J. Perronc.V. & D. C. G.. 



Mo 

England 
Bulgaria 



N. Y 

Russia... 
W. Va... 
Russia... 

N. Y 

Mass 

England 
Russia... 
N. Y 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Va I Mar. i.igis 

Roum.... Mar. 23,1908 
Bulgaria Jan. 10,1912 



N. Y 

Russia... 
W. Va... 

Vt 

N. Dak.. 
Mass..... 
Russia... 
Russia... 
N. J 



Mar. 13,1912 
June 13, 1907 
May 31,1909 
June 20, 1912 
June S.1908 
Jan. 9,1908 
Sept. 18,1912 
Oct. 23,1903 
June 24,1910 



Sept. 19,1908 
Aug. 27,1909 
Aug. 22,1913 
Aug. 24,1908 
June 30, 1906 
July 9,1912 
Aug. 19,1911 
Oct. 2,1909 
Pa { Minn Jan. 22,1909 



Ger Russia. 

Ohio Iowa ... 

Mass I 111 

Pa 

Russia... 
Russia... 

Ill 

Pa 



Fla 

Russia... 
Russia... 

Ill 

Pa 



Salary. 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913- 



J,2,500 

5.500 



Ger I Russia... 



D. C. 

N. Y.- 



D. C. 

N. Y. 



Mar. 16,1911 



Feb. 1,1912 
July 21,1913 



SERVIA. 

Belgrade Maddin Summers./ C.. Tenn Tenn Dec. 20,1911 

Do Samuel Weiss" V. & D. C. Hung N. Y July 16,1909 

Do Elie Yeffremovitch D. Ci Servia... Servia... Sept. 16,1913 



SIAM. 



Bangkok. 
Do . 



Sheldon L. Crosby '' fcC. 0., 

Carl C. Hansen ",..V. & D. C. G.. 



SPAIN AND DOMINIONS. 

Barcelona Henry H. Morgan CO.. 

Do , V.& D. C.G.. 

Do j William J. Takes D. C. G.. 

Bilbao I James S. Bour/ce(") Agt.. 

Palanios Junius H. Stone Agt.. 

Palina de Mallorca Juan Morey y Cabanellas Agt.. 

Turragona Louis J. Agostini{>t) Agt.. 

Jerez de la Fronlera W.Roderick Dorsey' C 

Do Albert H. Fernandez..V. &. D. C. 

Madrid Frederick T. F. Dumonft C. 

Do Jose Maria Gay V. & D. C. 

Corunna Enrique Fraga Agt.. 

Vigo Enrique Mulder Agt.. 

Malaga Robert Frazer, jr.f' C. 

Do Thomas R. Geary V. C. 

Do Albert S. Troughton D. C. 

Almeria Bartley F. )'ostl,»'i) Agt.. 

Seville Charles S. Winans C 

Do Harris N. Cookingham..V. & D. C. 

Cadiz Jatnes Sanderson Agt.. 

Huehui William J. Alcock Agt.. 

Tenerlffe, Canary Islands Homer Brett""' C. 

Do Cesar Perasa y Martin. .V. & D. C.. 

GrandCanary^ C. /. Peter Swanstoii Agt.. 



N. Y. 
Den . 



La. 



Holland 
Ireland.. 

N. Y 

Spain 

Italy 

Md 

Gibral... 

N.J 

P. I 

Spain 

Neth 

Pa 

Spain 

Spain 

Switz 

N. Y 

N. Y 

England 
Ireland.. 

Miss 

Canaryl. 
Canary!. 



N. Y., 
Cal... 



La. 



Spain 

Conn 

Conn 

Spain 

Cal 

Md 

Spain 

Pa 

P. I 

Spain 

Spain 

Pa 

Spain 

Spain 

Kans 

Mich 

N. Y 

Spain 

Spain 

Miss 

Canaryl. 
Canaryl. 



Aug. 22,1912 
Apr. 2,1909 



May II, igio 5,500 



Mar. 
Oct. 

Sept. 

Jan. 

Oct. 

Aug. 

Nov. 

Aug. 

Dec. 

Nov. 

Apr. 

Aug. 

July 

Jan. 

Mar. 

May 

Jan. 

May 

Apr. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Jan. 



1 1912 
>i9'3 
.'913 
,1909 
,1899 
,1912 
,1911 
,1912 
,1910 
, 1906 
,1900 
1912 
,1899 
. 1903 

1909 , 
1911 
1908 
1901 I 

1913 
11912 
,1900 



$6.00 



1,436.50 



687.50 
56.00 



I ,623.50 
805.50 



494 . 00 
884.00 



1,426.00 



1 , 894 . 00 
1.374-50 



s 1 1 70- 



50 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



SPAIN AND DOMINIONS— TURKEY AND DOMINIONS. 



Name and title. 




Valencia Claude I. Dawson^ C, 

Do James A. Chesney V. & D. C.. 

Alicante ! Henry IV. Carey Agt., 

Denia j Ltiis Tono Agt. 



Iowa 

England 

Spain 

Spain 



SWEDEN. , 

Goteborg Douglas Jenkins^J C..[ S. C 

Do ; Wilhelm Hartman V. & D. C' Sweden 

Maliiio ; JoseJ'h U'esterbergCn) Agt.. Sweden.. 

Stockholm Ernest L. Harris C. Q.. 

Do Per Torsten Berg" V. C. G.. 

Do Jacob Macdonald Baggc.D. C. G.. 

SundsTall Ernst H. Ainneiis Agt.. 



Iowa 

Sweden.. 

Sweden. 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Date of 
commission. 



Salary. 



S.C I Aug. 22,igi2 $2,500 

Spain June 20,1912 I 

Spain Feb. 25,1903 , 

Spain Nov. 2,1906 



S. C ' Mar. 8,1912 

Sweden.. Sept. 12,1907 

111 I Sept. 24,1913 

111 Jan. 20,1911 

Pa I June 18,1909 

Sweden..! July 13,1912 



Sweden..' Sweden.. Mar. 9,1908 



SWITZERLAND. 



Philip Holland'' Ci Ky 



Basel 

Do Arnold Zubcr V. & D. C..| 

Berne George Heimrod" C 

Do I Leo J. Frankenthal V. & D. C..] 

Geneva Francis B. Keene '' C 

Do ; Louis H. Munier V. & D. C. 

;V7v_)' [ Theodore F. Divighi Agt.. 

St. Gall ! Dominic I. Murphy C. 

Do I Eugene Nabel " V. & D. C.. 

Zurich David F. Wiiber?' C. Q.. 

Do Frank Bohr ■'^ V.&D.C.G..' 



Switz.. 
Ger ... 
Mass. 

Wis 

Switz. 



Tenn .. 
Switz.. 
Nebr. 
Mass.. 
Wis ... 
Switz.. 



N. Y Mass. 



June 26, 1913 
Oct. 11,1913 
May 1,1908 
June 30,1908 
Mar. 23,1905 
May 10,1899 
Mar. 28,1904 



Do 

Lucerne . 



TURKEY AND DOMINIONS. 



Aleppo, Syria 

Do 

Ale.raniireiia, Turkey 

Alexandria, Egypt 

Do 

Do 

Port Said, Egypt 

Suez, Egypt 

Bagdad 

Do 

Bassorah 

Beirut, Syria 

Do 

Do 

Damascus, Syria 

Haifa, Syria 

Tripoli, Syria 

Cairo, Egypt 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Assioot, Es^ypt 

Constantinople 

Do 



Carl Gubler D. C. G.. 

E. P. Frazer Agt.. 



Pa 

Ger.... 
N. Y.... 
Kans .. 
Switz. 
Ga 



Jesse B. Jackson C 

Lorenzo Y. Manachy...V. & D. C. 

John T. Peristiany Agt.. 

Arthur Garrels'i C. 

Francis L. Romeo V. & D. C. 

S. Pinkney Tuck D. C. 

Ediifard Lyell Bristo7v .Agt.. 

Frederick T. Peake Agt.. 

EmilSauerrf C. 

James Scott Levack V. & D. C. 

Arivid Kon»ff Agt.. 

W. Stanley Hollis C. G.. 

Ralph F.Chesbrough,3V.&D.C.G. 

Ralph F. Chesbroughff Int.. 

Agt.. 

Theodore J. Struve Agt.. 

Ira Harris Agt.. 

Oiney Arnold ?C. Q.. 

Paul Knabenshue...V. & D. C. G.. 

Louis Belrose *. D. C. G.. 

Frank B. Rairden" Stud. Int.. 

George W'issa Bey Agt.. 

Gabriel Bie Ravndal " h C. G.. 

Oscar S. Heizer V. & D. C. G.. 

Lewis Heck £7 D. C. G.. 

George W. Youngff D. C. G.. 

Oscar S. Heizer Mar.. 

Oscar S. Heizer Int.. 

Lewis Heck 9" Int.. 

George W. Youngff Int.. 

Alfred R. Grech Agt., 

Harput William W. Masferson C. 

Do ' William E. D. Ward...V. & D. C 



Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Dardanelles. 



Ohio 

Syria 

Cyprus.. 

Mo 

Turkey.. 

England 
England 
Tex 

Russia... 

Mass 

R.I 

R.I 



Kans.. 
Switz.. 
Ga 



Ohio 

Syria .... 
Turkey. 

Mo 

Egypt.. 

N. Y 

Egypt... 
Egypt... 

Tex 

Turkey . 
Turkey .. 

Mass 

Wis 

Wis 



Aug. 29,1913 
Mar. 4,1911 
June 24, 1913 



June 
Nov. 
July 
Aug. 
Feb. 
Sept. 
Sept. 
July 
Aug. 
June 
July 
Dec. 
Sept. 
Sept. 



1912 
1909 
1913 
1913 
1905 
1911 
1910 
1912 
igio 
1913 
1913 



N. Y 


N. Y 


N. Y 


N. Y 


R. I 


R.I 


Ohio 


Ohio 


D. C 


D. C 


Java 


N. Y 


Egypt.... 


Egypt... 


Norway 


S. Dak... 


Iowa 


Iowa 


Pa 


Pa 


Iowa 


Md 


Iowa 


Iowa 


Iowa 


Iowa 


Pa 


Pa 


Iowa 


Md 


Turkey.. 


Turkey.. 


Ky 


Ky 


Mass 


Mass 



Mar. 

Mar. 
{ Sept. 
I July 
:july 
1 Mar., 

June 

Dec. 

Jan. 
: Aug. 
j Sept. 
j July 
I May 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Nov. 

June 

Nov. 



2i,igo6 



1913 
1911 
1Q08 
191 1 
1903 
1910 
1908 
1912 

1913 
1911 
igo6 
1912 

1913 



Fees, year 

ending 

June 30, 

1913- 



C I Feb. 18,1909 4,500 

I I July 1,1908 



N. Y ! Sept. 18,1913 i 4. 



,107.50 
297.50 



453-48 



3,000 






462.00 


3.SOO 










634.00 
633-50 






2,000 






136.50 


4.S00 




1,500 





390.00 
78.00 

324 • 50 













1,000 




8.00 


6,000 














I ,oco 
Soo 

1,650 
1,500 












3,000 







CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 



51 



TURKEY AND DOMINIONS— ZANZIBAR. 



Name and title. 



Where 
born. 



Jerusalem, Palestine | C. 

Do I Samuel Edelman a V. & D.C. 

Do , John D. Whitingi D. C. 

Do Samuel Edelman!/ Int. 

Ai/frt, Fu/rsthie I Jacob Harden^. Agt. 

.^ersina ' Edward I. Nathan'' C. 

Do John Debbas V. & D. C. 

Saloniki John E. Kehl^ C. 

Do I Leland B. Morris(7 V. & D. C. 

Do ' Leland B. Morris!/ Int. 

C. 



Pa 

Syria .... 

Pa 

Ger 

Pa 

Turkey. 

Ohio 

Tex 

Te.K 



Whence 

ap- 
pointed. 



Sivas 

Smyrna George Horton C. G. 

Do John W. Dyes V.&D.C.G. 

Do , James W. Wilkinson D. C. G. 

Mityifiie ! A/'osto/os P. //adji Ch>-isto/a..kgt. 

Trebizond Alfred S. Northruprf C. 

Do Isaiah Montesanto V. & D. C. 

Do Isaiah Montesanto Int. 

Samsun Williavt Peter Agt. 



URUGUAY. 

Montevideo I Ralph J. Tottenrf C. 

Do ' Albert G. Ebert V. & D. C. 



N. Y 

Minn .... 
Turkey. 
Turkey. 

Ill 

Turkey. 
Turkey. 
Switz.... 



Pa 

Ill 

Pa 

Turkey.. 

Pa 

Turkey.. 



Date of 
commission. 



Aug. 26,1912 
Nov. 6,1908 
Aug. 26,1912 
Sept. 20,igio 
May 4,1909 
June 20,1908 

Ohio ! Aug. 19,1911 

Pa Oct. 25,1912 

Pa • Aug. 4,1913 



III 

Minn 

Turkey.. 
Turkey.. 

Ill 

Turkey.. 
Turkey.. 
Turkey.. 



Aug. 19,1911 
Dec. 13,1911 
July i,igo8 
Feb. 27,1912 
Mar. 8,iqi2 
June 22,igri 
Sept. 27,1906 
Sept. 19,1906 



Tenn Tenn Sept. 18,1913 

Pa Pa I July 15.1913 



U. S.... 

Md 

Venez . 



VENEZUELA. 

La Guaira j Thomas W. Voetlerd C.., Ohio N. Mex. 

Do Cyrus N. Clark V. & D. C. 

Caracas | Richard J. Biggs, jr Agt.. 

Carupano I Jose Blasini Agt.. 

Ciudad Bolivar , William D. Henderson (a) Agt.. 

IMaracaibo John A. Rayrf C. 

Do ; Werner J. Leitner Y. & D. C. 

Puerto Cabello [ Herbert R.Wright'' C. Iowa 

Do ; Lodewyk J. Verhelst....V. & D. C. Curasao 



N. Y.... 

Md 

Venez . 
Venez . 
Tex .... 
N. Y.... 



ZANZIBAR. 

Zanzibar Perry C. Hays'* C. Ohio 

Do I Frank W. Viningn V. & D. C. Canada.. 



Aug. 19,1911 
Nov. 23,1912 
Jan. 24,1912 
July 8,1904 
Venez ...\ Dec. 7,1910 

Tex ' Aug. 19,1911 

N. Y j Dec. 30,1910 

Iowa I Jan. 13,1909 

Venez ...[ Aug. 11,1909 



Fees, year 

Salary.! ending 
•' June 30, 

1913- 



Mont I Aug. 23, 1912 

N. J Feb. 16,1909 



$3 , 000 

1,500 

2,500 

3.500 

1,500 
2,000 
3.S00 



$71.00 



651.00 



667.00 
210.50 

845-50 



52 



CONSULAR SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 
CONSULAR ASSISTANTS. 



Place. 



London 

Washington 

Smyrna 

Bay of Islands (Birchy Cove).. 

Almeria 

Zurich 

Lisbon 

Washington 

Do 

Do 

Genoa 

Kalamata 

Berlin 

Paris 

Quibdo 

Berlin 

Voltohama 

Santo Domingo 

Naples 

Vancouver 

London 

Berlin 

Tampico 

Boma 

Milan 

Brussels 



Name. 



Where 
born. 



Richard Westacott j Mass.. 

Frederic W. Cauldwell N. Y... 

John W. Dye Minn.. 

Ozro C. Gould i Minn .. 

Switz.. 

Kans .. 

Va 

Mass.. 

Ind 

Va 

D. C... 

Ill 

Wash. 

R. I.... 

Cal.... 

Md 

S. C... 

Pa 

Ill 

Ariz ... 

Ala 

Iowa.. 

Md 



Whence 
appointed. 



Bartley F. Yost" 

Franlc Bohr 

Kenneth S. Patton 

Charles Lyon Chandler? 

Ross Hazel tineff 

Charles C. Broy 

James B. Young 

Ripley Wilson 

De Wilt C. Poole, jr 

Ely E. Palmer 

Louis G. Dreyfus, jr 

Alfred R. Thomson 

Hasell H. Dick 

Charles H. Albrecht 

Herbert C. Biar 

John S. Armstrong, jr 

Tracy Lay 

Harold B. Quarton 

Thomas H. Bevan 

Harry A. McBride | Mich 

Ilo C. Funk I Colo. 

Charles Roy Nasmith j N. Y. 



Mass . 
D. C. 
Minn . 
Minn . 
Kans . 
Kans. 

Va 

Mass . 
Ind.... 

Va 

Pa 

Ill 

Ill 

R.I.... 
Cal.... 
Md.... 
S. C. 

Pa 

Ind.... 
N. C. 
Ala.... 
Iowa.. 
Md .... 
Mich . 
Colo .. 
N. Y.. 



Date of com- 
mission. 



'•Nov. 

•Mar. 
■July 

'•Dec. 
June 
June 
June 
Aug. 
Mar. 
July 
July 
Jan. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Mar. 
Mar. 
July 
July 
July 
Mar. 
Mar. 
Apr. 
Sept, 
Sept, 
Nov. 



21, IH 

3°. '903 

21, 1906 

30,1907 

24,1908 

24,1908 

24,1908 

I , 1908 

3.1909 

19,1909 

19,1909 

3.1910 

20, 1910 

20. 1910 
20,1910 
10,1911 
10,1911 
12,1911 

12. 1911 
I2,igii 

12. 1912 
12,1912 
24, 1912 

. 3.191^ 
• 3.1912 
27,1912 



INTERPRETERS. 
(Promoted from Corps of Student Interpreters.) 



Place. 



Peking 

Do 

Canton 

Chef 00 

Do 

Hankow 

Do 

Mukden 

Newchwang 

Shanghai 

Do 

Do 

Tientsin 

Tsingtau 

Tokyo 

Do 

Nagasaki 

Seoul 

Yokohama 

Do 

Teheran 

Constantinople. 

Do 

Do 

Beirut 

Jerusalem 

Saloniki 



Name. 



Willys R. Peck 

Raymond P. Tenney 

John K. Davisf 

George C. Hanson 

Crawford M. Bishop 

J. Paul Jameson 

Horace Remillard 

Myrl S. Myers 

George F. Bickford 

Nelson T. Johnson 

Mahlon Fay Perkins 

Charles P. McKiernan.. 

Paul R. Josselyn 

John A. Bristow 

Charles Jonathan Arncll 

John K. Caldwell 

Harold C. Huggins 

Raymond S. Curtice 

Joseph W. Ballantine 

Max D. Kirjassoffn 

Ralph H. Bader 

Arthur H. Leavitt 

Lewis Heck 

George W. Young 

Ralph F. Chesbrough ... 

Samuel Edelman 

Leland B. Morris 



Date of com- 
mission as 

Student 
Interpreter. 



Oct. 8, 
June 2, 
Mar. 12, 
June 2, 
Apr. I , 
Aug. 27, 
June 2, 
Aug. 27, 
Mar. 10, 
Aug. 27, 
Jan. 14, 
Mar. 10, 
Apr. 20, 
Apr. I, 
Sept. 14, 
Oct. 8, 
Apr. I, 
Apr. 1, 
June 2, 
Mar. 10, 
Apr. I, 
June 2, 
June 2, 
Mar. 10, 
Apr. I, 
June 2, 
Apr. I , 



igo6 
1909 
1912 
1909 
1910 
1907 
1909 
1907 
igii 
1907 
1909 
1911 
1910 
191C 
1906 
1906 
1910 
igio 
1909 
1911 
1910 
1909 
1909 
1911 
1910 
1909 
1910 



Date of ap- 
pointment to 
present 
post. 



Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

May 

June 

Dec. 

Oct. 

July 

June 

Dec. 

May 

Oct. 

Mar. 

Mar. 

Sept. 

Dec. 

Dec. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Feb. 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Aug. 

Aug. 



11.1913 

11.1913 

16,1913 

13,1912 

7,1913 

2,1911 

15.1912 

25,1911 

17.1913 

2,1911 

13,1912 

4,191.3 

1.1913 

10,1913 

7 , 1909 

4.ig 

5,1912 

7,1913 

7,1913 

29.1913 

8,1912 

5,1912 

26,1912 

13.1913 

13,1913 

26,1912 

4,1913 



Tokyo.. 
Do. 



CONSULAR .SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES. 

STUDENT INTERPRETERS IN CHINA. 



Place. 


Name. 


Where Whence 
born. appointed. 


Date of com- 
mission. 


Compen- 
sation. 






N T 


N Y 


Mar. i2,igi2 
Mar. 12,1912 


$1,000 


Do 


Carl D. Meinhardt 


N. Y 


N. Y 










,00 



STUDENT INTERPRETERS IN JAPAN. 



Henry B. Hitchcock Conn.. 

Eugene H. Dooman" Japan. 



N. Y. 

N. y. 



STUDENT INTERPRETERS IN TURKEY. 



Cairo..! Frank B. Rairdena 

Constantinople A. Van Hemert Engert". 

Do I Montefiore Judelsohn 



Java , 

Austria. 

N. Y 



N. Y. 
Cal... 

N. Y. 



Mar. 12,1912 
Mar. 12,1912 



$1 , 000 
1,000 



Mar. 


10 


1911 


Mar. 


12 


1912 


Mar. 


12 


igi2 



$1 , 000 
1 ,000 
1 ,000 



54 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



XVI.—BIOGRAPUICAL, STATEmENT KESPECTIIVG PERSONS SERVIIVG UIVDER 
APPOII\Tl»IEI\T OF THE I>EPART1»IE1\T OF STATE AT HOME OR ABROAD. 



Abbot, Lucy Elizabeth Horn in Zanesville, Ohio; educated 
in private schools and in a pubHc higli school; appointed 
clerk in the Department of the Interior September i, 1881, 
and served until December 26, 1886; cleric in the Depart- 
ment of State at $900, under Civil Service rules, December 
27, 1886; at |i ,000 August 8, iSgs; class one January 6, 1896. 

Abegg, Carl — Born in Switzerland, 1864; naturalized in 
New York August 23, 1900; clerk; appointed Consular 
Agent at Port de Paix June 12, i8q6. 

Ackerman, Ralph Henry Born in West Hoboken, N. J., 
July 23, 1892; educated in the public schools of Union Hill 
and in business schools; clerk and stenographer in various 
law offices and business concerns, 1907-1913; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State, at $900, under Civil Serv- 
ice rules, January 9, 1913. 

Adams, Edward Le Grand— Born in Clarence, N. Y., Janu- 
ary 3, 1851; home, Elmira, N. Y.; attended the Clarence 
Academy and the University of Rochester; graduated 
from the State Normal School at Brockport, N. Y.; on 
editorial staff Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 1873- 
1880; oil producer, Pennsylvania, 1880-1883; editor Elmira 
Daily Advertiser, 1893-1898; deputy collector United States 
Internal Revenue, 1890-1894; New York State tax commis- 
sioner, 1895-1898; appointed Secretary of the Legation and 
Consul-General at Stockholm June 2, 1902; Consul-General 
June 23, 1906; Consul at Dublin March i, 1909. 

Adee, Alvey Augustus — Born in Astoria, N. Y., November 

27, 1842; educated by private tutors; appointed Secretary 
of the Legation at Madrid September 9, 1870; Charge 
d' Affaires at different times; transferred from Madrid and 
appointed clerk class four in the Department of Stale July 
9, 1877; Chief of the Diplomatic Bureau June 11, 1878; 
Third Assistant Secretary of State July 18, 1882; Second 
Assistant Secretary of State August 3, 1886. 

Agostini, Louis J.— Born in Italy May 10, 1845; naturalized 
in San Francisco November 2, 1868: educated under pri- 
vate tutors; shipping agent and teacher of languages 
twenty-four years; appointed Consular Agent at Tarra- 
gona October 19, 1899. 

Albert, Francis Lee— Born in Elma, Iowa, March 31, 1894; 
graduate of Elma high school and Cedar Valley Seminary; 
employed as subcarrier, post office at Osage, Iowa, and as 
a stenographer in Chicago; appointed clerk in the Depart- 
ment of State at $900, under Civil Service rules, July i, 
1913- 

Albert, Talbot J.— Born in Baltimore, Md., February 16, 
1847; attended private school; graduated from Harvard 
University in i863; practiced law in Baltimore, 1870-1897; 
appointed, after examination (October 11, 1897), Consul at 
Brunswick October 12, 1897. 

Albrecbt, Charles Hahn — Born in Philadelphia February 
22, 1885; home, Philadelphia; graduate of Central High 
School, Philadelphia, A. B. (1902); University of Pennsyl- 
vania, A. B. (1905), LL. B. (1908); has since taken graduate 
courses; employed in auditor's office, Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Co., 1906; practiced law in Philadelphia, 1908-igii; 
appointed, after examination (January 30, 1911), Con- 
sular Assistant July 12, 1911; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Barcelona February 21, 1912; detailed for duty 
in the Department of State March, 1913; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Santo Domingo October 

28, 1913. 

Albright, Henry Babbitt Born in Columbus, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 17, 1882; graduate of Columbus high school, and stud- 
ied at Ohio State University two and a half years and in 
business college; private in Ohio National (iuard; farming 
and clerk for three years; appointed Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral at Yokohama June 8, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Carlsbad October 23, 1912. 

Albro, Henry W. — British subject, born in Canada; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Megantic September 7, 1891; 
retired June, 1898; reappointed October 28, 1898. 

Alcock, William J. — Born in Ireland in 1861; merchant; 
appointed Consular Agent at Huelva April 4, 1901. 



Alger, William E.— Born in Boston, Mass., September i, 
1856; attended public school in fioston and graduated 
from the English high school; appointed Consular Agent 
at Puerto Cortes January 9, i8gi; Consul March 31, 1902; 
Consul at Tegucigalpa November 10, 1904; Consul at 
Puerto Cortes May 31, iqog; Consul at Mazatlan Decem- 
ber 16, 1909. 

Allen, John C— Born in Black Creek. Allegany Co., N. Y., 
August ig, i86y; educated in the public schools of Black 
Creek; railroad station agent in Mexico, 1888-1S98; trav- 
eling auditor and representative of oil company, 1898- 
igo2; manager of transfer company, 1904-1906; editor and 
publisher of a magazine in connection with bureau for 
handling trade from the United States to Latin America; 
was for eight months clerk in the Consulate at Monterey; 
appointed Deputy Consul-General at Monterey April 28, 

IQlI. 

Allen, Percy F.— Born in Allen, Md., February 11, 1879; 
attended the public schools of Maryland and graduated 
from Goldey Commercial College of Wilmington, Del.; 
bookkeeper and cashier for various business houses, 1897- 
1902; clerk and bookkeeper, department of education, 
Porto Rico, 1902-1904; assistant to disbursing officer, Porto 
Rican teachers' study trip to United States, 1904; head 
bookkeeper, disbursing office, insular government of Porto 
Rico, 1905; resigned August i, 1905; appointed clerk at 
$840 in the Civil Service Commission September 9, 1905; 
at $goo October i, igos; clerk at I500, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, in the Department of State July 3, igo6; 
permanently at same salary January 3, 1907; classone May 
I, 1907; class two November 2, igo8; class three June 27, 
igii. 

Allen, William Henry— Born in Belmont, N. Y., January 

6. i86r; commission merchant; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Hamilton, Bermuda, May 20, 1909. 

Amneus, Ernst H. — Swedish subject, born August 2, 1872; 
engaged in the lumber-export and timber business; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Sundsvall March 9, 1908. 

Anderson, George Everett— Born in Normal, III., August 20, 
1869; home, Springfield, 111.; educated in the public schools 
and high school of Springfield, and in Shurtleff College, 
Alton, 111.; took law course at Wesleyan University; 
was managing editor of the Peoria Journal and editor 
and general manager of the Springfield News; appointed 
Consul at Hangchow April 6, 1904; Consul at Amoy J^eb- 
ruary 4, 1905; Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro February 
13, 1906; Consul-General at Hongkong May 4, igio. 

Anderson, Herbert Edgar— Born in Austin, Minn., Febru- 
ary 26, 1872; high-school graduate; for fourteen years 
real-estate and bank clerk in South Dakota; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Calgary September 12, 1906. 

Anderson,ParB.— Born in Sweden March 27, 1868; natural- 
ized in Delaware, Ohio, 1893; attended public schools in 
Sweden, and a graduate of Ohio Wesleyan University 
(A. B.), 1885; lawyer; city solicitor in Kane, Pa., 1898; deputy 
collector of customs at Caibarien, Cuba, 1900-1902; steam- 
ship agent and manager sugar warehouses since 1902; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Caibarien June 9, 1903. 

Andonian, Hagop S. — Turkish subject, born in Constanti- 
nople January 21, 1887; assistant manager in a cotton- 
yarn importing firm in Constantinople, 1906-1909; ap- 
pointed clerk in the American Embassy at Constantinople 
November i, iqoq. 

Andrews, William Whiting— Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Oc- 
tober 17, 1875; graduate of Vale University (A. B ), 1898; 
member of Iroop B, First Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, April- 
August, 1898; engaged in management of financial affairs 
and in travel, 1898-iqii; home, Cleveland, Ohio; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 16, igii). Secretary of 
the Legation at Panama March 2, igii; Secretary of the 
Legation at Lisbon August 22, igi2. 

Armstrong, jr., John Samuel— Born in Tempe, Ariz., Septem- 
ber 1 1, 1888; home, Wilmington, N. C; attended Woodbury 
Foust School, Orange, Va. (1904-5'), Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy (igo5-6), and L'niversity of North Carolina (igo6-igo8); 
clerk in bank, Wilmington, N. C, five years during summer 
months; appointed clerk in the Consulate at Cork March 
4, igog; Deputy Consul at Cork September 13, igog; Vice 
and Deputy Consul January 25. igii; appointed, after ex- 
amination (January 30, igii), Consular Assistant July 12, 
igii; Vice and DepuU' Consul at Naples September 27, 
igii; Deputy Consul-General at Vancouver December 12, 
igi2. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



55 



Arnell, Charles Juiiathan Born at sea of American parents 
July I, 1881; home, Seattle, Wash.; high-school graduate; 
took a partial college course; also courses in commercial 
and normal training; clerk in law office, 1902; with Opium 
Investigating Committee, 1903 1905; librarian in Philip- 
pine civil service, 1905; private secretary to the Ambassador 
to Japan, 1906; appointed, after examination (September 
12, 1906), Student Interpreter and Vice-Consul-General at 
Mukden September 14, 1906; retired as Student Interpreter 
and appointed Interpreter March 20, 1907; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General September 19, 1907; Assistant Japanese 
Secretary to the Embassy to Japan June 25, 1908; Japanese 
Secretary and Interpreter to the Embassy to Japan Sep- 
tember 7, 1909. 

Arnold, Frank Dundore — Born in Reading, Pa., May 24, 
1881; graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, (B. S.) 
1902, (LL. B.) 1905; spent one year in the University of Mu- 
nich; admitted to bar of Reading; appointed, after exami- 
nation (May 17, 1909), Secretary of Legation at Guatemala 
City August 4, 1909; Third Secretary of the Embassy at 
Mexico City August 12, 1910; Third Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Tokyo August 22, 191 2. 

Arnold, Julean Herbert— Born in Sacramento, Cal., July 
19, 1876; educated in the public schools and the California 
State University; engaged in teaching; appointed, after 
examination (July, 1902), Student Interpreter in China 
July 18, 1902; also Vice and Deputy Consul at Dalny Feb- 
ruary 4, 1904; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Shang- 
hai July 13, 1904; Vice and Deputy Consul at Foochovv 
March 7, 1906; assigned to duty in the Consulate-General 
at Shanghai May 5, 1906; appointed Consul at Tansui 
June 22, 1906; Consul at Amoy May i, 1908; Consul at 
Chefoo March 8, 1912. 

Arnold, OIney — Born in Cumberland, R. I., September 8, 
1861; home. Providence, R. I.; educated at Mowry & 
Goff's private school, Providence; secretary of the Ameri- 
can Screw Co.; treasurer and general manager of the 
Rogers Screw Co., 1899-1913; president of the Angell 
Land Co.; member of the House of Representatives of 
Rhode Island, 1908; Democratic candidate for governor 
of Rhode Island, 1908-9; appointed Agent and Consul- 
General at Cairo, Egypt, September 2, 1913. 

Arras, Paul— Born in Germany June 29, 1863; clerk in Dres- 
den Consulate-General since October 11, 1891; appointed 
Deputy Consul-General at Dresden November 2, 1908. 

Auer, Pieter Francois- Born in the Netherlands in 1866; 
shipbroker; appointed Consular Agent at Flushing Janu- 
ary 5, 1899. 

Austensen, Levi — Born in Norway February 13, 1873; natu- 
ralized; enlisted August i, 1894, in Company H, Twen- 
tieth Infantry; honorably discharged July 31, 1897; reen- 
listed August 6, 1897; wounded at El Caney, Cuba, July i, 
1898; honorably discharged February 14, 1899; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State July i, 1905; assistant 
messenger November i, 1905. 

Avery, William Lester— Born in New York City February 
17, 1853; educated in private and public schools of Lee, 
Mass.; at sea 1869-1883; from 1876 to 1883 was a shipmas- 
ter; employed as agent of the Northern Pacific Express 
Co. at Butte and Miles City, Mont., 1884-1897; appointed, 
after examination (February 20, 1898), Consul at Belize 
March 9, 1898. 

Babcock, Elisba J. — Born in Albany, N. ¥., February 28, 
1844; educated in public schools of Albany; served for 
three years in the Forty-fourth New York Volunteers 
during the Civil War; secretary to the Secretary of the In- 
terior, the Attorney-General, the Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, and clerk to Senate committees; appointed private 
secretary to the Secretary of State March 6, 1897; Consul- 
General at Tangier May 23, 1910; clerk of class four in the 
Department of State June 22, effective July 1, 1910; reap- 
pointed August 24, 1912, under the provisions of Executive 
order of August 24, 1912. 

Bacbelder, Leonard A. — Born in Salem, Mass., in 1855; in 
business in Auckland since 1891; appointed Consul at Zan- 
zibar April 23, 1880; Vice-Consul April 24, 1880; retired 
February 3, 1883; appointed Vice-CTonsul at Auckland 
October 10, 1891; Vice-Consul-General July 15, 1903. 

Bachilleres, Enrique— Citizen of the Argentine Republic, 
born in Mercedes, Argentine Republic, September 27, 1858; 
educated in England; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Pernambuco May 24, 1902. 



Bader, Ralph Hedrick -Born in McGaheysville, Va., June 
8, 1888; graduated from the Washington and Lee University 
(A. B.iaiul the George Washington University; appointed 
Student Interpreter in Turkey April i, 1910; Interpreter 
to the American Legation and Consular Agent at Teheran 
February 8, 1912; Interpreter to the American Legation 
and Consulate-Cieneral to Persia and Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Teheran July i, 1912. 

Baebr, Max Joseph— Born in Germany August 2, 1858; 
naturalized August 24, 1884; educated in the public and 
Latin schools; employed as bookkeeper and traveling 
salesman for many years; manager and vice-president 
of a wholesale jewelry and musical-instrument busi- 
ness in Omaha, Nebr.; clerk of the district court of 
Howard County, Ncbr., and abstractor of titles; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July 21, 1898), Consul at Kehl 
July 21, 1898; Consul at Santos October 26, 1899, but did 
not serve; appointed Consul at Magdeburg March 13, 
1900; Consul at Cienfuegos June 6, 1902. 

Bagge, Jacob Macdonald — Swedish subject, born in Gote- 
borg July 9, 1S64; clerk, 1882-1899; merchant; appointed 
Deputy Consul-General at Stockholm July 13, 1912. 

Bailey, David James — British subject, born in England 
June 12, 1859; solicitor; appointed Vice and Deputy Com- 
mercial Agent at Hudderstield June 9, 1890; Vice and 
Deputy Consul July 26, 1893. 

Bailey, James G. — Born in Salyersville, Ky., April 7, 1868; 
home, Salyersville; educated at Lebanon University; 
studied law at Northern Indiana University of Law; 
member of Kentucky legislature, 1895-1897; practiced law; 
in United States Census Office, 1900-1901; appointed Sec- 
retary of the Legation to Guatemala and Honduras June 
22, 1901; Secretary of the Legation to Nicaragua, Costa 
Rica, and Salvador June 5, 1903; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Stockholm August 6, 1907; Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Mexico City August 4, 1909; retired August, 1910; 
appointed Secretary of the Legation at Berne March 2, 
1911; Secretary of the Legation to the Netherlands and 
Luxemburg February i, 1912; Honorary Delegate to the 
adjourned meeting of the International Congress for the 
Purpose of Promoting Uniform Legislation Concerning 
Letters of Exchange held at The Hague June, 1912. 

Bailly-Blanchard, Arthur — Born in New Orleans October i, 
185s; private secretary to Minister to France, 1885-1889; 
assistant to the special agent of the Department of State, 
French Spoliation Claims; secretary. United States Com- 
mission to Paris Exposition, 1889; an American juror at 
exposition; private secretary to Minister to France, 1890- 
1893; a secretary, Bering Sea Tribunal of Arbitration; a 
secretary, bimetallic mission to France; secretary to Hon. 
John W. Foster, Special Ambassador to Russia; attache, 
American Peace Commission, Paris, i8g8; a secretary, 
Hague Peace Conference, 1907; appointed Third Secretary 
of the Embassy at Paris July 9, 1900; Second Secretary 
June 17, 1901; Secretary of the Embassy at Paris August 4, 
1909; representative to the International Conference for 
the Discussion of the Suppression of the International 
Traffic in Obscene Literature, Paris, April, 1910; Dele- 
gate, with the personal ranTv of Minister Plenipotentiary, 
to the International Sanitary Conference at Paris Novem- 
ber 7, igii; Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo February 
I, 1Q12. 

Bain, Alexander — British subject, born on Cape Breton 
March 5, 1839; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at 
Port Hawkesbury October 26, 1886. 

Baker, Charles Fleming— Born in Cherokee Nation, Okla- 
homa, June 22, 1872; graduate (A. B.) of Presbyterian Col- 
lege, Emporia, Kans.; taught school in Kansas one year 
and in Santiago, Chile. 1903-1908; appointed clerk in Val- 
paraiso Consulate September i, 190S; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Valparaiso November 21, 1908; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Guayaquil July 20, 1912. 

Baker, Edward Carleton— Born in Alameda, Cal., July u, 
1882; attended the grammar and high schools of Alameda 
and graduated from the University of California with de- 
gree of B. S.; was assistant in economics department, 
University of California; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul and also Marshal at Foochow January 5, 1906; reap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul May 5, 1906; retired as 
Marshal June 30, 1906; reappointed Marshal August 28, 
1907; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul and also Marshal 
at Amoy October 21, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul and 
also Marshal at Foochow May 20, iqoS; transferred to the 
Department of State as assistant to the Chief of the 
Division of Far Eastern Affairs February i, 1909; ap- 
pointed, after examination (November 10, 1908), Consul at 
Antung November 10, 1909; Consul at Chungking August 
ig, 1911. 



56 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Baker, Henry Dunster- Born in Attleboro, Mass., February 
26, 1873; home, Chicago, 111.; educated in the public 
schools of Chicago and the Harvard School of Chicago; 
graduated from Vale in i8q6; employed as reporter 
on the Chicago Tribune and several years financial 
editor; assistant financial editor of the New York Evening 
Post; associate editor of the Commercial West of Minne- 
apolis until 1904; since iqo4 engaged in special literary 
vvorkand as correspondent of the Financial Times of Lon- 
don and other papers; appointed, after examination (July 
7. 1907), Consul at Hobart August 15, 1907; detailed as 
Vice-Consul-General in charge at Sydney, Australia, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1910; detailed for special duty in Nevvf Zealand 
to investigate trade conditions February 10, 1911; Consul 
at Nassau August 22, 1912; on special detail to investigate 
the opportunities for the extension of the commerce of 
the United States in India February 15, 1913. 

Baker, Joseph Richardson— Born in New Hartford, N. Y., 
February 11, 1872; graduated from Utica Free Academy, 
i88g; Hamilton College (A. B.), 1893; admitted to New 
York State bar, i8g6; appointed law clerk at $1,500 to Com- 
mission to the Five Civilized Tribes, Department of the 
Interior, February 1, 1902; clerk at $1,000 in the Post- 
Office Department, under Civil Service rules, June 26, 
1903; at $1,200 February 10, 1904; transferred and appointed 
clerk in the Department oif Slate class one August 6, 1906; 
class two July 1, 1908; class three June i, 1909; special 
agent of the Department of State to investigate the claims 
of American citizens in Samoa April 15, 1911; also Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Apia April 25, 1911; services in 
Samoa ceased August 25, 1911, and returned to the De- 
partment of State; appointed clerk class four November 
20, T911. 

Baker, Martin— Born in Baltimore, Md., February 22, 1878; 
educated in the public schools of Maryland and by private 
tutors; served as a private and noncommissioned officer in 
the Thirty-sixth Infantry, United States Volunteers, July 
12, i8gS, to March 16, igoi; sailor seven years; clerk in the 
American Consulate-General at Rotterdam since May i, 
1910; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Rotterdam 
January 20, 1913. 

Balinger, Edwin Guthrie- Born in Washington, D. C, Jan- 
uary 3, 1887; educated in the public schools and Linthicum 
Institute, Washington, D. C; employed in the Washing- 
ton office of the Southern Railway and various business 
offices; appointed clerk at $1,000 per annum, on probation, 
in the Bureau of Yards and Docks, Navy Department, 
July I, 1909; resigned December 8, igog; appointed, on pro- 
bation, clerk in the Department of State at Igco per an- 
num December 8, 1909; permanently at same salary June 
g, 1910; at $1,000 April i, igii. 

Ballantine, Joseph William— Born in India of American 
parents July 30, 1888; graduate of Amherst College (A. B.), 
igog; appointed, after examination (May 5, igog). Student 
Interpreter in Japan June 2, igog; detailed for duty at the 
Consulate at Kobe July 25, igii; appointed Interpreter at 
Kobe August 31, igti; also Deputy Consul December 18, 
igii; Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Yoko- 
hama June II, igi2; V'ice and Deputy Consul and Inter- 
preter at Tansui November 6, igi2; Deputy Consul-General 
and Interpreter at Yokohama October 7, igi3. 

Bardel, William — Born in Germany September 20, 1846; 
naturalized in Philadelphia October 22, 1872; home, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y.; educated at the State Commercial College in 
Nuremberg, Germany; engaged in the wholesale jewelry 
business in New York; appointed, after examination (De- 
cember 15, igoo). Commercial Agent at Bamberg Decem- 
ber 15, igoo; Consul December 16, igo2; Consul at Rheims 
June 10, 1908. 

Berkley, Robert Yates — Born in Washington, D. C, March 
3, 1889; attended the Montclair (N J.) high school four 
years and the New England Conservatory of Music two 
years; clerk with wholesale steel and iron company, 
Lowell, Mass., ten months; vocalist; cleik in the Ameri- 
can Consulate at Milan May to September, 1913; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Catania September 27, 1913. 

Barnes, Charles Maurice— Born in Winchester, Va., Feb. 
ruary 14, 1879; graduated from the Staunton (Va.) high 
school, 1897; attended Washington and Lee University, 
Lexington, Va., iSgy-iSgg and 1903-4, and graduated from 
George Washington University, College of the Political 
Sciences(A. B.), 1910; teacher In public and private schools 
in Virginia, Alabama, and Tennessee; principal. New 
Hope Graded School, New Hope, Va., iSgg-igoo; instructor 
in (jreek, Latin, and German, Starke's University School, 
Montgomery, Ala., igQo-1903 and 1904-5, and in Clay Hill 



Academy, Millwood, Va., 1905-6; instructor in Latin, Eng- 
lish, and history, Baylor's University School, Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., 1907; special agent in the Bureau of Labor, 
Department of Commerce and Labor, 1907-8, and in the 
United Slates Immigration Commission, igog; clerk in the 
Bureau of the Census, igog~igi2; appointed clerk of class 
three in the Department of State January 5, 1912; reap- 
pointed .\ugust 24, igi2, under the provisions of Executive 
order of August 24, 1912. 

Barnes, Howard Russell— Born in Marietta, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 17, 1877; educated at Dean Academy, in public schools 
of Washington, D. C, and Georgetown University; clerk 
in a mill; an architect; private secretary and stenogra- 
pher; appointed stenographer and typewriter at $900, tem- 
porarily, in the Civil Service Commission, July i, igo8; 
clerk at $goo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, in 
the Department of State July 15, igo8; permanently at 
same salary January 15, igog; at $1,000 April 24, igog; class 
one December i, igog; class two June 27, ign; class three 
June 4, 1913. 

Barrett, Gustave J. — Born in Baltimore, Md., August 5, 
1886; attended the public schools of Baltimore six years, 
Loyola College two years, business college one year, and 
took private course in French; clerk and stenographer in 
various business offices in Baltimore five years; stenogra- 
pher in the office of the Public Printer six months: ste- 
nographer in the office of the superintendent. Naval 
Academy, Annapolis, four years; appointed Deputy Con- 
sul-General at Yokohama July 29, 1013. 

Barry, John — Born in Ireland in August, 1851; naturalized; 
appointed laborer in the Department of State February i, 
1879; assistant messenger July i, 1902. 

Bartleman, Richard M. — Born in Boston, Mass., June 9, 
1863; home, Boston; educated in public and private 
schools; was secretary of the Massachusetts Humane So- 
ciety; engaged in civil engineering; appointed Secretary 
of the Legation at Caracas June 14, 1890; Consul at An- 
tigua November 14, 1895; Consul at Malaga June 11, 1896; 
retired April, 1898; reappointed Consul at Malaga June 
27, 1899; appointed Consul at Geneva May 8, 1900; Consul 
at Valencia October 31, igoo, to take effect January i, 
igoi; Consul at Cadiz February 12, igo3; Consul at Se- 
ville May 7, igo4; Consul-General at Large May 14, 1906, 
to take effect July i, igo6; Consul at MadridAugust 15, 
igo7; Consul-General at Buenos Aires January 11, igog. 

Bartlett, Paul — Born in Taunton, Mass., July 8, 1881; 
attended the Phillips E.xeter Academy four years and 
Harvard University four years (A. B.); author and illus- 
trator; held temporary positions with business firms in 
Chicago several years; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at St. Petersburg August 22, 1913. 

Bassett, Jane Bartholomew Born in New Britain, Conn.; 
educated in the high school at New Britain and bu,siness 
college at Hartford, Conn.; stenographer for manufac- 
turing and law firms in New Britain and New York City 
from 1893 to 1907; appointed clerk in the Office of Naval 
Intelligence, Navy Department, under Civil Service rules 
October 16, 1907; stenographer for Tariff Board October, 
1910, to April, 1912; transferred to the Department of 
State and appointed clerk at$goo March 29, 1912. 

Battiste, Alexander— Haitian citizen, born in Georgia Feb- 
ruary 2, 1840; clergyman; appointed Deputy Consul at 
Port au Prince December 19, i8gi; Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul July 30, 1904. 

Baugb, Hubert Gordon— Born in India July 4, 1880; came to 
the L'nited Slates when five years of age; graduate of 
University of California, A. B. (1903) and A. M. (1905); ap- 
pointed, after examination (December 6, 1904^ Student 
Interpreter in China December 22, 1904; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Canton October 8, 1906; retired as Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Canton February, 1908; ap- 
pointed Interpreter to the Consulate-General at Tientsin 
June 30, igo8; also Vice and Deputy Consul-General Au- 
gust 24, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul and also Interpre- 
ter at Chungking Novemtier 27,igo8; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General and also Interpreter at Hankow Febru- 
ary 17, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Mukden 
December 8, 1910; also Interpreter December 16, 1910; In- 
terpreter at Tientsin February 24, 1911; also Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General April 20, 1911; Consul at Saigon 
August 19, 1911; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Singapore July 19, 1912; reappointed Consul at Saigon 
November 14, 1912; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Saigon February 27, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



57 



Bauskett, Frank N,--Born in Columbia, S. C, November 
i6, 1875; attended private and public schools and South 
Carolina College; studied law in private oftice; stenogra- 
pher in railroad oftice; private secretary to general su- 
perintendent of railroad company; timber-purchasing 
agent for railroad company; private secretary to a United 
States Senator; appointed clerk in the Department of 
State at $900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
March 28, 1904; permanently at same salary September 28, 
1904; at $1,000 December 4, 1905; class one July 2, 1906; 
class two March 2, iqoS; class three April i, 1913. 

Bax, Emily Florence— British subject, born in London, 
England; stenographer and typewriter; appointed clerk 
in the American Embassy at London October 2, 1902. 

Baxter, Allan— British subject, born in Scotland Septem- 
ber 4, 1857; solicitor; appointed Vice-Consul at Dundee 
March 5, 1892; Vice and Deputy Consul November 30, 
1892; Deputy Consul October 6, 1893; Vice and Deputy 
Consul June 23, 1894. 

Baxter, John Kirkman— Born in Nashville, Tenn., June 4, 
1882; home, Nashville; attended a private school in Dres- 
den and studied under private tutors in Dresden and Paris; 
graduated from Harvard (A. B.), 1903; employed in a bank 
in Nashville during summer months of igoo-1901; clerk in 
the United States Civil Service Commission, 1903-1905; sec- 
retary of the Isthmian Civil Service Board, 1905-1912; 
chief of the Correspondence Division, Office of the Gov- 
ernor of the Canal Zone, 1906-7; chief clerk of the Depart- 
ment of Civil Administration, Isthmian Canal Zone, 1907-8; 
assistant chief clerk. Office of the Chairman, Isthmian 
Canal Commission, 1908-1912; appointed, after examina- 
tion (June 27, 1910), Consul at St. Pierre April 9, 1912. 

Bayliss, George — Born in England March 5, 1870; natural- 
ized in San Francisco December 14, i8g6; educated in pub- 
lic schools, England; served in United States Army five 
and a half years; with United States military government 
in Cuba, 1898-1902; appointed Consular Agent at Gibara 
June 2, 1903; Consular Agent at Banes October 26, 1903; 
Consular Agent at Antilla January 29, 1907. 

Bean, J. Hubbard — Born in Shepherdstown, W. Va., Febru- 
ary I, 1881; educated in public schools of Washington, D. C; 
telegraph operator; appointed clerk in the Department 
of State at I900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
October 18, 1907; permanently at same salary April iS, 
igo8; class one July i, 1908; class two October 11, 1910. 

Beard, Cbarles Evan Halman — Born in St. Christopher, West 
Indies, February 16, 1878; employed in various capacities 
by fruit companies in Jamaica several years; appointed 
Consular Agent at Port Morant January 2, 1913. 

Beebe, Hoel S.— Born March 4, 1851; received an academic 
education; in mercantile business; appointed Consular 
Agent at Lineboro June 1, 1893; Consular Agent at Stan- 
stead Junction March 31, igo8; Consular Agent at Beebe 
Junction October 15, 1909. 

Beecher, John Preston— Born in New York City January 
6, 1867; attended schools in New Hampshire, London, and 
Paris, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New 
York; appointed clerk at the Consulateat Bordeau.t March 
I, 1890; Vice and Deputy Consul at Bordeaux April 21, 
1893; Consul at Cognac May 13, 1893; resigned and reap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Bordeaux June 29, 
1894; appointed Consular Clerk March 21, i8g6; resigned 
as Consular Clerk June 5, i8g6; resigned as Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul at Bordeaux August 7, iSg7; appointed Deputy 
Consul at Havre September 16, 1897; Vice and Deputy 
Consul September 22, 1899. 

Belden, Perry— Born in Syracuse, N. Y., July 11, 1885; 
home, Syracuse; educated in public and private schools 
of Syracuse, at Lawrenceville School and Groff School, 
and at Princeton University two years; reporter on Syra- 
cuse Herald two years; served as private secretary to 
the Ambassador to Austria-Hungary for nine months; 
appointed, after examination (March i, igio). Third Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Berlin March 31. igio; Secretary 
of the Legation at Tegucigalpa February i, igi2. 

Belisle, Eugene L. — Born in Canada March 15, 1859; home, 
Worcester, Mass.; educated in public and commercial 
schools; newspaper publisher for eight years; appointed, 
after examination (March 21, 1906), Consul at Limoges 
April 2, igo6. 



Bell, Edward- Born in New York City August 9, 1882; 
graduate of Harvard University (B. A.), 1904; in broker's 
oliice, 1904-5; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Cairo 
July 3, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Cairo 
November 18, igog; appointed, after examination (Janu- 
ary 16, 191 1 ), Secretary of the Legation at Teheran March 
2, 1911; Second Secretary of the Legation at Habana 
February; 15, 1912; clerk in the Department of State under 
the provisions of Executive order of December i, 1910, 
October 14, igi2; detailed to accompany the special repre- 
sentatives of the President at the inauguration of Gen. 
Mario G. Menocal as President of Cuba at Habana May 
20, 1913; appointed Second Secretary of the Embassy at 
London September 4, 1913. 

Bellamy, Charles Hargreaves— British subject, born in Hull, 
England, November ig, 1854; managing director of the 
factory of an English tirra in Roubaix, France; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Roubaix July 19, 1913. 

Belrose, Louis — Born in Washington, D. C, January 21, 
1887; educated in Preston's University School, Washing- 
ton, D. C; bank clerk; appointed Deputy Consul-General 
(and clerk) at Cairo July 10, igo8. 

Benarus, Moyses — Portuguese subject, born in Terceira, 
Azores, October 17, 1859; member of commercial firm; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Fayal January 5, 1895; 
retired September, 1897; appointed Consular Agent at 
Fayal, Azores, June 10, 1899. 

Benedict, James S.—Born in Aurelius, N. Y., March s, 1856; 
home, Auburn, N. Y.; educated in private and public 
schools of Washington, D. C; employed as draftsman and 
clerk in architect's office four years; temporarily employed 
in the Engineer's Office, War Department; appointed 
Consular Agent at Stratford March 8, 1879; Commercial 
Agent at Moncton September 10, 1887; Commercial Agent 
at Campbellton January 25, 1897; Consul June 22, igo6; 
Consul at St. John's, N. F., March 30, 1907. 

Bennett, Hiram D.— Born in Constableville, N. Y., Novem- 
ber 14, 1844; attended public schools and graduated from 
the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery in i86g; 
practiced dentistry' at Nantes since 1870; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Nantes April 18, 1872; retired 1876; appointed 
Vice-Commercial Agent at Nantes January 23, i87g; Vice- 
Consul December 23, 1885. 

Benson, Alexander— Born in Philadelphia June 23, 1873; 
home, Philadelphia; graduate of Princeton University 
(A. B., i894)and University of Pennsylvania (LL. B., 1898); 
admitted to the Philadelphia bar June, 1898; appointed, 
after examination(May 17, igog). Secretary of the Legation 
at La Paz, Bolivia, August 4, 1909; Second Secretary of the 
Embassy at St. Petersburg March 2, 1911; Second Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Rome August 22, 1912. 

Berg, Per Torsten— Born in Sweden July 30, 1853; natural- 
ized in Pittsburgh, Pa , July ii, 1885; educated in public and 
technical schools in Sweden; employed in the Carnegie 
Steel Company; chief engineer at the Homestead Steel 
Works; engineering representative of the L^nited States 
Steel Corporation in Europe; appointed Vice-Consul-Gen- 
eral at Stockholm June 18, igog. 

Berger, Samuel — Born at Minneapolis, Minn., November 

16, 1891; home. Moss Neck, Va.; graduate of Williams 
College (A. B.), 1913; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Mannheim August 13, 1913. 

Bergh, Robert S. S.—Born in Norway in 1852; home. Grand 
Forks, N. Dak.; high-school and university education; 
druggist; appointed, after examination (January 18, i8g8). 
Consul at Goteborg January 21, 1898; Consul at Mainz 
March 30, 1907; Consul at Belgrade June 10, igo8; Consul 
at Burslem December 20, igii. 

Bergholz, Leo Allen— Born in Burlington, \^t., November 10, 
1857; home. New Rochelle, N. Y.; attended public school; 
studied in Germany, 1872-1876; graduated from Wesleyan 
University, Middletown, Conn. (B. A.), 1882; appointed 
private secretary to the Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to China May 15. 1882; took charge 
of the Consulate at Chinkiang June 13, 1883; appointed 
Vice-Consul August 18, 1883; in charge of Consulate from 
June 13, 1883, to January 25, 1884, from June 30, 1884, to 
October 2g, 1884, and from April g, 1885, to February 28, 
1887; retired February 28, 1887; appointed Consul at Erze- 
rum April 25, i8g6; Consul at Three Rivers June 26, 1903; 
Consul at Dawson City May 5, 1904; Consul-General at 
Beirut June 5, 1905; Consul-General at Canton May 25, 1906; 
Consul at Kingston, Jamaica, August 22, 1912; Consul- 
General at Dresden September 18, igi3. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Bertot, Francis B. — Born in Cuba August 29, 1845; natu- 
ralized Marcli 18, 1877; educated in Cuba and Spain; Vice- 
Consul at Manzanillo for Sweden and Norway, 1898-1900; 
employed by American military government in Cuba, 1898 - 
1900; commission merchant; appointed Consular Agent 
at Maitzanillo March 16, 1905. 

Bevan, Thomas Horatio — Born in Baltimore, Md., January 
2q, 1887; liome, Arlington, Md.; attended Marston's Uni- 
versity School, Baltimore, six years and Johns Hopkins 
University two years; employed by the United States 
Geological Survey during the summer of 1906; stenog- 
rapher to a United States Senator, 1908-1912; appointed, 
after examination (January 31, 1912), Consular Assistant 
April 24, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul at Tampico June 
27, 1912. 

Beyer, Tborvald K. — Norwegian subject, born in Bergen, 
Norway, August 11, 1858; engaged in publishing, station- 
ery, and printing business, and management of a tourists' 
bureau; appointed Vice-Consul at Bergen April 14, igoo; 
retired June, 1908; appointed Deputy Consul August 3, 
1 90S. 

Biar, Herbert Carlson— Born in Chicago September 22, 1884; 
studied in Stockholm and Lausanne, 1895-1903; student in 
George Washington University, igoq-io; employed in 
offices of various concerns in Berlin, Stockholm, London, 
Chicago, and Indianapolis, 1903-1909; clerk. Library of 
Congress, 1910-11; appointed, after examination (June 27, 
1910), Consular Assistant July 12, igii; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Naples December 5, 1912. 

Bickford, George Fremont— Born in Seattle, Wash., August 
12, 1889; educated in the public schools of Washington and 
the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania; clerk in 
post-office at Chehalis, Wash., 1908-1910; home, Chehalis, 
Wash.; appointed, after examination (January 30, 1911), 
Student Interpreter in China March 10, igii; Vice and 
Deputy Consul and Interpreter at Newchwang June 17, 
1913- 

Biddle, John Henry —Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., May 26, 1871; 
educated at Fort Lee Military Academy; in mahogany- 
exporting business in Belize since 1888: appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Belize July 27, 1907. 

Biesel, Augustus— Born in Saarbrucken, Germany, April 
7, 1843; naturalized in New York, 1864; attended the pub- 
lic schools and Cooper Institute, New York; employed 
with father in saddlery business in New York several years; 
employed in various capacities in Paris prior to 1871; em- 
ployed by the Alabama Claims Commission, 1871-72; ap- 
pointed messenger in the American Embassy at Paris 
June 4, 1872, and later promoted to clerk. 

Biggs, jr., Richard James — Born in Baltimore, Md., Sep- 
tember 18, 1876; graduate of Wake Forest College, A. B. 
(1897), A. M.(i8q8); studied at the University of Berlin six 
months and at Johns Hopkins University as graduate stu- 
dent of French, Spanish, and German one year; teacher, 
1898-1905; Spanish correspondent for New York firms, 1906-7; 
clerk in the Department of Commerce and Labor, 1909; clerk 
in the Post Office Department, 1909-1911; appointed clerk in 
the American Legation at Caracas January 16, 1912; Con- 
sular Agent at Caracas January 24, 1912. 

Bingham, Rutherfurd Born in St. Louis, Mo., August 30, 
1884; educated in various schools and graduated from the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B. S.), 1907; lieu- 
tenant. Twelfth Infantry, National Guard, New York; 
captain. Eighteenth Infantry, National Guard, Pennsyl- 
vania; engaged in personal business, Pittsburgh and New 
York City, i9o_7-i9ii; home, Washington, D. C; appointed, 
after examination (January 16, 1911), Secretary of the 
Legation at Quito March 2, iqii; clerk. Department of 
State, September 8, 1913, under the provisions of Executive 
order of December i, 1910. 

Birch, David Robert— Born in Philadelphia March 15, 1876; 
educated in Friends' Central School, Philadelphia, and 
Ardmore high school; newspaper reporter; appointed, 
after examination (August 18,1902), Consul at Malaga Au- 
gust 29, 1902; Consul at Genoa April 29, 1907; Consul at 
Alexandria June 10, igo8; detailed as Vice-Consul-General 
at Genoa July i, 1908; in charge July i to September 12, 
1908; Consul at Bahia August 22, 1912. 

Birch, Thomas Howard— Born in Burlington, N. J., Sep- 
tember s, 1875; home, Burlington; educated in private 
schools and business college; member of a carriage manu- 
facturing firm in Burlington, 1893-1913; colonel. National 
Guard of New Jersey; personal aide to the governor of 
New Jersey, 1912-13; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal September 10, 1913. 



Biscoe, Earl— Born in Washington, D. C, September 26, 
1879; appointed second lieutenant Artillery Corps March 
5, 1902; first lieutenant January 25, 1907; captain Coast 
Artillery Corps March ii, 191 1; assigned to duty as Mili- 
tary Attache at Santiago, Chile, June i, 1912. 

Bishop, Crawford Morrison— Born in Baltimore, Md., Au- 
gust 29, 1885; attended Randolph-Macon College, Ashland, 
\^a., one year; Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H., four 
years (A. B., 1906); University of Maryland law school 
two years (B. L., 1909); and took four months' business 
course; admitted to the Maryland bar, 1909; instructor in 
English and Latin at Robert College, Constantinople, one 
year; appointed Student Interpreter in China April i, 
1910; Deputy Consul-General at Tientsin November 22, 
1912; also Interpreter March 10, 1913; Vice and Deputy 
Consul and Interpreter at Chefoo June 7, 1913. 

Bisson, Daniel— Born in Canada in 1854; merchant; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Paspebiac April 17, 1889. 

Blake, Maxwell— Born in Kansas City, Mo., Novemberis, 
1877; home, Kansas City; educated in the public schools, 
St. John's Military Academy, and the Missouri State 
University; engaged in real estate and insurance busi- 
ness; appointed, after e.xamination (January 27. 1906), Con- 
sul at Funchal February 2. 1906; Consul at Dunfermline 
December 21, 1967; Consul-General at Bogota January ir, 
1910; Consul-General at Tangier December 14, 1910; in 
charge of the American Legation at Tangier April 3 to 16, 
1912, and from September 2, 1912. 

Blakemore, Arthur Villiers— Born in Engla,nd April 2, 1866; 
graduate of Oxford (A B.), i88q; solicitor and notary pub- 
lic; appointed V'ice-Consul at Birmingham June 21, 1907. 

Blandford, Alice Middleton— Born in Washington, D. C. ; 
educated in public schools and Waverly Seminary of Wash- 
ington; appointed clerk. Inspector General's Office, War 
Department, July 14, i8g8; clerk in Adjutant General's 
Office May 7, 1903; transferred to the Department of State 
as clerk of class one June 11, 1913. 

Blasini, Jose — Citizen of Venezuela, born in Carupano 

January 29, 1868; ship despatcher; appointed Consular 
Agent at Carupano July 8, 1904. 

Bliss, Robert Woods— Born in St. Louis, Mo., August 5, 
1875; home. New York City; graduate of Harvard, igoo; 
served in office of secretary of Porto Rico, igoo-igoi; pri- 
vate secretary to governor of Porto Rico, 1901-1903; ap- 
Eointed, after examination. Consul at Venice June 18, 1903; 
econd Secretary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg Octo- 
ber 10, 1904; Secretary of the Legation at Brussels Janu- 
ary 10, 1907; delegate to the international conference to 
consider revision of the arms and ammunition regulations 
of the General Act of Brussels of July 2, 1890, April 8, 1908; 
Secretary of the Legation at Buenos Aires A.ugust 4, igog; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Pans February i, 1912; at- 
tended and reported the proceedings of the International 
Conference for the Consideration of the Question of the 
Relief of Aliens held at Paris in June, 1912. 

Blocker, William P. — Born in Hondo, Tex., September 30, 
1892; attended the public schools of Hondo eight years; 
teacher in the public schools of Hondo, 1910-11; traveling 
salesman, 1911-12; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Ciudad Porfirio Diaz July 18, igi3. 

Blum, Leopold— Born in Germany in 1854; counselor; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Neustadt June 30, 1893. 

Bock, Oscar— German subject, born in Nuremberg, Ger- 
many, June 11, 1863; clerk in the American Consulate at 
Nuremberg since 1890; appointed Deputy Consul at Nurem- 
berg January 11, 1898; Vice and Deputy Consul May 19, 
1903; resigned October i, 1910; reappointed Deputy Consul 
July 24, 1912. 

Bohne, Georg — German subject, born in Hamburg Feb- 
ruary 22, 1881; member and manager of commission firm 
in Petit Goave; appointed Consular Agent at Petit Goave 
January 4, 1912. 

Bohr, Frank — Born in Wathena, Kans., October 5, 1S77; 
home, Troy, Kans.; graduate of the public schools, of the 
Kansas State Normal School, 1904, and of the University 
of Michigan ^A. B.), 1907; taught school and farmed four 
years; appointed, after examination (April 7, 1908), Consu- 
lar Assistant June 24, 1908; Deputy Consul-General at 
Berlin March 16, 1911; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Santo Domingo August 28, igii; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Zurich August 2g, igi3. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



59 



Boisson, Rene L. J. -French citi/en, born in Paris January 
31, 1874; clerk in ship broker's office; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Algiers March 21, igio. 

Bonney, Wilbert L. — Born in Fairmont, Minn., May 2ij' 
1872; home, Chicago, 111.; attended the Fairmont high 
scliool three years, Hamline University (St. Paul) four 
years (receiving the degree of Ph. H.), the Leipzig Univer- 
sity one year, and read law two years; correspondent in 
bank in Minneapolis, i8go-i895; employed- by packing 
house in Chicago, 1897-98; engaged in the real-estate 
business in Chicago three years; clerk in the United States 
Engineer's Office, War Department, 1899-1910; appointed, 
after e.xamination (July 7, 1908), Consul at San Luis Potosi 
June 24, iqio. 

Booth, Guy B.— Born April i, 1871; appointed assistant 
messenger in the Department of State December 3, 1909; 
reappointed, temporarily, under Civil Service rules, August 
24, 1912; permanently, under the provisions of E.xecutive 
order of August 24, 1912, October 11, 1912. 

Bopp, Jennie Cook— Born in Perry, N. Y.; educated in 
public schools of Lacon, 111.; clerk in United States federal 
clerk's office. Council Bluffs, Iowa, 1885-1892; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $900 July 2,1906, un- 
der the provisions of legislative act approved June 22, 
igo6; at $1,000 October 5, 1907; class one July i, igo8. 

Boragino, Angelo— Born in Italy May 30, 1864; naturalized 
in San Francisco February 7, 1898; educated in Genoa 
common school, and at technical school; bookkeeper and 
purser, 1889-1900; clerk in Genoa Consulate since 1900; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul at Genoa August 9, 1901; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General October 6, iyo8; Deputy Consul- 
General May 10, 1909. 

Borchard, Edwin M. — Born in New York City October 17, 
1884; attended the College of the City of New York, Colum- 
bia College (A. B., 1905), New York Law School, and 
Columbia Law School (LL. B., 1908); appointed assistant 
in law library. Library of Congress, June i, 1908; expert on 
international law with the American Agency, North Atlan- 
tic Fisheries Arbitration at The Hague, March-August, 
1910; appointed law librarian of Congress January 16, 1911; 
Assistant Solicitor in the Department of State September 
2, to take effect September 10, 1913. 

Borlase, George E.— British subject, born in Canada, i860; 
notary public; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Sher- 
brooke February 4, 1899. 

Botkin, Theodosius— Born in Catawba, Ohio, June 25, 1846; 
home. Salt Lake City, Utah; public and high school edu- 
cation; engaged in the practice of law and in mining; 
served in the Civil War and in the Spariish- American War 
with the rank of captain from May to December, 1898; 
served as police judge, probate judge, district judge, and 
as a member of the Kansas legislature; appointed, after 
e.xamination (June 10, 1905), Consul at Port Louis, Mau- 
ritius, June 10, 1905; Consulat Campbellton March 30, 1907. 

Botten, Joseph— British subject, born in Australia Febru- 
ary 8, i86g; accountant; manager for company engaged 
in the general commission and shipping business; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Townsville November 19, igio. 

Bouchal, John L. — Born in Wilber, Nebr., August 28, 1888; 
attended the public schools of Nebraska twelve years and 
Nebraska University three years; teacher in Nebraska, 
1907-1909; student, 1909-1912; clerk in the American Consu- 
late at Prague July-August, 1912; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Prague August 29, 1912. 

Bourke, James S. — Born in Ireland March 20, 1843; natural- 
ized in Hartford County, Conn,; graduate of Columbia 
Law School; practiced law in Hartford, Conn.; appointed 
Consular Agent at Bilbao October i, 1913. 

Bowley, Albert J. — Born in California November 24, 1S75; 
graduated from the United States Military Academy June 
II, 1897, and appointed additional second lieutenant 
Fourth Artillery; second lieutenant Fifth Artillery Feb- 
ruary 10, i8g8; transferred to Fourth Artillery April 12, 
i8g8; first lieutenant March 2, iSgg; captain Artillery 
Corps August I, igoi; assigned to First Field Artillery 
June 6, 1907; major February 9, 1912; assigned to duty as 
Military Attach^ at Peking November 25, 1911. 

•Bowman, Thomas De Witt— Born in Pacific, Mo., March 14, 
1886; attended the public schools of Missouri seven years; 
Marvin Collegiate Institute, Fredericktown, Mo., two 
years, and William Jewell College, Liberty, Mo., three 



years (A. B.); printer, two years; newspaper publisher, 
three years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at No- 
gales December 21, 1911. 

Boxshall, William G. -British subject, born in England 
August 4, 1853; manager of branch office of firm engaged 
in machinery business; appointed Vice-Consul-General at 
Bucharest December 2, 1884; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General March 23, 1908. 

Boyd, Russell Nathan - Born August 26, 1847; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State July i, 1875; assistant 
messenger August i, 1893. 

Boyd, Thomas Smith — British subject, born in Alloa, Scot- 
land, February 4, 1876; cashier and assistant manager of 
a business firm in Punta Arenas since 1903; appointed Vice 
and Deputv Consul at Punta Arenas July 19, 1913. 

Boynton, Earl E. — Born in Green Bay, Wis., February 4, 
1891; attended Lincoln High School, Seattle, Wash., three 
years and commercial college si.x months; bookkeeper and 
stenographer in Seattle, 1907-1909; clerk in a bank at Sand- 
point, Idaho, igog-igii; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Victoria August 20, 1912. 

Bradley, William Harrison — Born in Galena, 111., June 3, 
184S; home, Chicago, 111.; attended the public and high 
schoolsof Chicago; studied in Europe two years; graduated 
from Yale (A B.) and took short post-graduate course at 
Columbia University; studied civil law with his father, who 
was a member of the bar; emjiloyed in various capacities 
in steel works, 1883-1888; appointed Consul at Nice July i, 
1889; Consul at Copenhagen August 13, 1892, but declined; 
retired as Consul at Nice December i, 1893, and pursued 
studies in Europe for two years; appointed Consul at 
Tunstall July 17, 1897; Consul at Manchester June 26, 1903; 
Consul-General June i, 1905; reappointed Consul June 22, 
1906; appointed Consul-General at Montreal August 15, 
1907. 

Bradshaw, Henry F. — British subject, born in Newfound- 
land, 1845; commission broker; appointed Vice-Consul at 
St. John's, Newfoundland, May i, 1897. 

Bray, John P. — Born in Henderson, Minn., February 14, 
1S59; home. Grand Forks, N. Dak.; public-school educa- 
tion and graduate of St Cloud (Minnesota) College; en- 
gaged in mercantile business; county auditor of Grand 
Forks County, Dak., for si.x years; State auditor, 1889- 1891; 
postmaster at Grand Forks; chairman of the legislative 
commission to apportion and divide the public assets be- 
tween North Dakota and South Dakota; appointed Con- 
sul-General at Melbourne June 30, 1897; Consul-General 
at Sydney, Australia, June 10, 1908. 

Bretberton, Harold George — Born in Flinton, Ontario, Can- 
ada, January i. 1S76; father naturalized duringhis minority; 
attended the public schools of Montana twelve years and 
studied assaying and chemistry; profession, assayer and 
chemist; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Aguas- 
calientes November 8, 1910. 

Brett, Homer — Born in Scooba, Miss., September i, 1877; 
home. Meridian, Miss.; educated at public and private 
schools and at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of 
Mississippi; served in the First Mississippi Volunteer In- 
fantry during the Spanish-American War; in the United 
States postal service ten years, and the postal service of 
the Isthmian Canal Commission since 1907; appointed, after 
e.xamination (June 27, 1910), Consul at Maskat August 19, 
1911; Consul at Tenerifife September 18, 1913. 

Breuer, John B.— Born in Germany September 28, 1859; 
naturalized in New York January 2, 1901; graduate of the 
Royal Technical University of Berlin, and has studied in 
Vienna, Rome, and Paris; followed special courses of po- 
litical science (international, public, administrative law) 
and of political economy at the University of Heidelberg; 
has traveled extensively; civil engineer, commissioned by 
a New York syndicate to investigate the possibilities and 
make preliminary surveys for a maritime canal through 
Florida; appointed Consular Agent at Wiesbaden August 
26, 1903; Vice-Consul at Magdeburg, temporarily, April 
12, 1904; retired as VMce-Consul December 6, 1904. 

Brewer, William Upton — Born in Franklin County, Pa., 
April 3, 1844; practiced law in Pennsylvania, 1868-1905; 
member of the Pennsylvania Senate, 1892-1897; appointed 
Consular Agent at Redditch March 13, 1905. 

Bridgeman, Frederick Orlando— Born in England July 12, 
1849; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at Dunedin Oc- 
tober 30, igoo. 



6o 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Brings, Allan L. — Born in Connecticut February 14, 1873; 
appointed private in First Cavalry May 11, 1898; second 
lieutenant Forty-seventh Volunteer Infantry August 17, 
1899; honorably mustered out July 2, 1901; appointed second 
lieutenant Seventh Infantry February 2, 1901; first lieu- 
tenant Fourteenth Infantry February 18, 1903; first lieu- 
tenant Signal Corps September 17, 1903; assigned to 
Twenty-ninth Infantry September 17, 1907; captain 
Twenty-sixth Infantry September 13, 1911; assigned to 
duty as Military Attache at Vienna July 12, 1913. 

Brlssel, Charles Frederick— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Sep- 
tember 29, 18S0; graduated from Oberlin (Ohio) College in 
1906; draughtsman and estimator for heating, ventilating, 
and power plant. New York, 1903-1905; teacher in Hono- 
lulu, 1906-1908; clerk, 1908-g; teacher in Amoy, China, 
1909-10; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul and also Mar- 
shal at Amoy April 29, 1910. 

Brist, George Louis— Born in HiU Settlement, Wis., June 
29, 1878; attended public school, business college, and law 
school; employed as manager of a general merchandise 
store; appointed map distributer in Weather Bureau, De- 
partment of Agriculture, July i, i8g6; laborer. Department 
of State, on probation, under Civil Service rules, March 2, 
1897; permanently September 4, 1897; clerk at $goo Novem- 
ber I, 1899; class one October 11, igoi; classtwo June 15, 
1904; class three March 4, 1907; class four November 2, 



Bristow, Edward Lyell — British subject, born in London 
February 24, 1S74; manager of the British coaling depot at 
Port Said; appointed Consular Agent at Port Said Sep- 
tember 16, 1913. 

Bristow, John Andrew — Born in Des Moines, Iowa, Sep- 
tember 4, 1888; attended the public schools of Washington, 
D. C; Methodist College, Habana, Cuba, two years; 
McKinley Manual Training School, Washington, D. C, 
two years; Central High School, Washington, D. C, one 
year; and School of Instruction, United States Revenue- 
Cutter Service, one and one-half years; clerk, 1906-7; 
cadet. United States Revenue-Cutter Service, 1907-1909; 
appointed Student Interpreter in China April i, 1910; 
Vice and Deputy Consul atTsingtau October 9, 1912; also 
Interpreter March 10, 1913. 

Brittain, Joseph I.— Born in New Brighton, Pa., in 1858; 
home, East Palestine, Ohio; attended high schools and 
seminary; editor; special census agent in Ohio, 1890; mem- 
ber of the Seventieth and Seventy-first Assembly of Ohio; 
solicitor for East Palestine, Ohio; secretary of agricultural 
society sevenyears; appointed, after examination (October 
13, 1897), Consul at Nantes October 15, 1897; Consul at 
Kehl Juneb, 1902; Consul at Prague March 30, 1907: Consul- 
General at Coburg September 18, 1913. 

Brodie, David Marr — British subject, born in Scotland 
February 4, 1870; police magistrate; appointed Consular 
Agent at Sudbury February i, 1907. 

Brooke, George M. — Born in Virginia May 17, 1875; private, 
corporal, and sergeant, Batteries I and O, First Artillery, 
August 6, 1897, to November 22, 1899; appointed second 
lieutenant Fifth Infantry October i, 1899; transferred to 
the Artillery Corps March 19, 1901; appointed first lieu- 
tenant May 8, 1901; captain January 25, 1907; assigned to 
Fourth Field Artillery June 6, 1907; assigned to duty as 
Attach^ at Tokyo September 18, 1913. 

Broome, George— British subject, born in England; in 
business; appointed Consular Agent at Mogador Septem- 
ber 17, 1891. 

Broomhead, John A. — Born in England; a naturalized citi- 
zen of the United States; master mariner more than four- 
teen years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at South- 
ampton July 16, igog. 

Brophy, John Purcell— British subject, born in Ottawa, 
Canada, December s, 1867; managerof commission agency 
and agent for steamship company; appointed Consular 
Agent at Paita April 26, 1907; retired April, 1908; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Salaverry December 28, 1911. 

Brown, Alfred Gordon-Born in Hampton, Va., November 
21, 1876; attended the public schools of Virginia, 1892-1896; 
William arid Mary College, Williamsburg, Va., i897-i8gg; 
graduated from the University of Virginia (LL. B.), 1900; 
practiced law at Hampton, Va., 1899-1902; cowboy in 
Texas, 1902-1905; civil engineer, 1905-1909; mining sur- 
veyor in Mexico, -igio-ii; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Mazatlan February 7, 1912. 



Broy, Charles Clinton— Born in Sperryville, Va., July 20, 
1887; attended the public schools of Virginia; graduated 
from Roanoke College, Salem, Va., A. B. (1906) and A. M. 
(1907); scholarship to Princeton, graduate course in politics 
and A. M., 1908; employed as clerk by railway company 
during the summers of 1906 and J907; appointed, after ex- 
amination (November 10, igo8). Consular Assistant July 19, 
igog; Viceand Deputy Consul-General at Boma September 
I, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul at Milan March 16, 1911; 
detailed for duty in the Department of State September 5, 

Brunswick, William Washington— Born in New York City 
Octoberi7, 1872; graduate of Kansas State Normal School 
and National School of Elocution, Philadelphia; school- 
teacher, reporter, and clerk for seven years; assistant 
secretary American Association of Commerce and Trade, 
Berlin, for two years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Barmen April 24, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Chemnitz February 10, 1909; Vice and Deputy Consul at 
St. Etienne December 21, 1912. 

Bryan, Albert William— Born in Centerville, Md., August 
23. 1883; graduate of Centerville Academy (1899), the Wyo- 
ming College of Business (1903), Wyoming Seminary (1904), 
and the Baltimore Business College (igo6); student at the 
George Washington University, 1907-1909; associate editor 
of the Centerville Observer, 1904-5; clerk in various busi- 
ness concerns in Baltimore, igo4-i907; appointed stenog- 
rapher and typewriter in the Office of the Superintend- 
ent of Documents, Government Printing Office, under 
Civil Service rules, Julys, 1907; resigned; appointed clerk 
in the Department of State at $900, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, October 31, 1907; permanently at same 
salary April 30, 1908; at $1,000 July i, igo8; class one June 
23, 1909, to take effect July i, 1909; clerk in the American 
Legation at Lima April i, 1911; reappointed clerk in the 
Department of State at J900 August 20, 1913. 

Bryan, Henry Lewis— Born in Washington, D. C, Febru- 
ary 25, 1853; attended public schools and graduated from 
Georgetown University (LL. M.), 1889; served in the 
United States Army, 1871-1874; clerk in War Department, 
1874-1876; clerk to Senate Committees on Finance, Private 
Land Claims, and Engrossed Bills, 1877-1885; private sec- 
retary to the Secretary of State, 1885-86; editor Statutes 
at Large, 1886-18S9; clerk to Senate Judiciary Committee, 
i8go; secretary Bureau of American Republics, 1891-1893; 
editor Statutes at Large, 1893-1897; clerk Senate Judiciary 
Committee; secretary Philadelphia Commercial Museum; 
Chief of Information, Bureau of American Republics, 
1897-1899; practiced law in Washington, D. C, 1899-1902; 
appointed assistant law clerk in the Department of State 
December i, 1902; law clerk November i, igog. 

Bryan, William Jennings— Born in Salem, 111., March 19, 
i860; is a graduate of Illinois College, A. B. (1881), A. M. 
(1884), and Union College of Law, Chicago, LL. B. (1883); 
during his law course studied also in the office of e.x- 
Senator Lyman Trumbull; was admitted to the Illinois 
bar in 1883; practiced law at Jacksonville, 1883-1887, and 
in Lincoln, Nebr., i887-i8g4; was a member of the Fifty- 
second and Fifty-third Congresses, i8gi-i8gs; nominee of 
the Nebraska Democratic State convention for United 
States Senator, 1894; editor of the Omaha World-Herald, 
i8g4-i8g6; was the Democratic nominee for the Presidency 
in 1896, 1900, and 1908; raised the Third Regiment, Ne- 
braska Volunteer Infantry, in May, 1S98, and served as its 
colonel until the signing of the treaty of peace with Spain; 
in igoo he established The Commoner, a weekly paper de- 
voted to political science, political economy, and sociology, 
and still continues its publication; made a tour of the world 
in i(|o5; is the author of The First Battle, 1897; Under Other 
Flags, 1904; The Old World and Its Ways, 1907; etc.; ap- 
pointed Secretary of State March 5, 1913. 

Buck, John Ralph— Born in Bucksport, Me., July 6, 1878; 
educated in public schools and East Maine Conference 
Seminary, and graduated from Columbian University 
(M. D.), 1904; attache of the American Peace Commission, 
Paris, September g, 1898, to December 27, 1898; appointed 
clerk in War Department January, 1899; resigned March 
22, i89g; appointed stenographer and typewriter in the 
Department of State at $1,000, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, March 23, 1899; permanently at same salary 
September 23, 1899; clerk class one April i, 1900; class two 
October 11, igoi; class three July i, igoy, class four De- 
cember 4, igo5; Chief of the Bureau of Indexes and 
Archives July 2, 1906. 

Buck, Joseph Fred — Born in Adrian, Mich., January 24, 
1888; high-school education; engaged in newspaper work 
in various capacities, 1905-1912; appointed Consular Agent 
at Bremerhaven April 25, 1912. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



6l 



Bucklin, jr., George Augustus— Born in West Hartford, Mo., 
( )clobcr 5, 1875; home, Norman, Okla. ; attended Southwest 
Kansas College; graduated from the University of Okla- 
homa (A. B.) and Yale University (A. M.); registrar of the 
Oklahoma State University for three years and instructor 
for two years; in law office two years; notary public; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July q, iqo6), Consul at Glau- 
chau July 16, igo6; Consul at San Luis Potosi June 10, iqo8; 
Consul-General at Guatemala June 24, 1910. 

Buckly, James — British subject, born in Canada December 
12, i84q; merchant; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Prescott April 5, 1876. 

Buckner, George Washington — Born in Green County, Ky., 
December i.iSss; liome, Kvansville, Ind.; educated in freed- 
nien schools in Kentucky, public schools of Indianapolis, 
State Normal School of Terra Haute, and is a graduate of 
Indiana Eclectic Medical College, M. D. (iHgo); taught 
public schools for seventeen years in Kentucky and Indi- 
ana; practiced medicine in Evansville, i8go-iqi3; appointed 
Minister Resident and Consul-General to Liberia Septem- 
ber 10, 1913. 

Bundy, Arthur Jones— Born in Middletown, Ohio, May 7, 
1885; graduated from high school, Marion, Ind., and at- 
tended Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Ind., three and 
one-half years; was engaged in the newspaper business; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Zurich Oc- 
tober I, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul at Hanover October 
II, igii. 

Bundy, Richard Carlton — Born in Wilmington, Ohio, Jan- 
uary 31, 1870; educated in the public schools of Cincinnati; 
graduate of Woodward high school and Case School of 
Applied Sciences of Cleveland ( B. S., M. E.); draughts- 
man and designer with the Cleveland City Forge & Iron 
Co.; mechanical engineer and head of mechanical 
department, Wilberforce University, for five years; ap- 
pointed, after examination (May 26, igog; March 10, 1910), 
Secretary of the Legation at Monrovia March 31, loio. 

Bures, Vincent — Born September 3, 1870; educated in Sci- 
entific School of Trieste; clerk in Anchor Line steamship 
office and in American Consulate; appointed Deputy Con- 
sul at Trieste May 23, 1907. 

Burke, Udolpho W. — British subject, born in New York 
City February 21, 1866; naturalized in Australia, iSgs; 
clerk in various business houses in Hamburg, Germany, 
and New York City, 1883-1890; in mining and real-estate 
business in Idaho, 1890-1894; in customs and postal depart- 
ment of the West Australian Government, i8g5-i904; em- 
ployed with machiner)' merchant at Perth, igo4-i9o8; 
representative of American export houses since 1908; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Fremantle January 10, 1911. 

Burnell, Albro L.— Born in Portland, Me., March 13, 1875; 
graduate of Bowdoin College (A. B.); teacher and superin- 
tendent of schools, Philippine Islands, 1901-1907; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Barranquilla December 18, 
1907; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro 
January 8, 1912. 

Burnett, Charles — Born in Tennessee October 28, 1877; ap- 
pointed a military cadet June 19, 1897; second lieutenant 
Fifteenth Cavalry February 18, igoi; first lieutenant 
Fourth Cavalry January 3, 1906; assigned to duty as 
Attache at Tokyo March 25, 1911. 

Burnside, William A. — Born January 13, 1873; graduated 
from the LTnited States Military Academy June 15, 1892, 
and appointed additional second lieutenant Seventeenth 
Infantry; second lieutenant Fourteenth Infantry Novem- 
ber I, iSq6; first lieutenant Seventeenth Infantry January 
I, iSgg; transferred to Fourteenth Infantry April 6, i8gq; 
captain Seventeenth Infantry July 23. igoi; transferred to 
Fourteenth Infantry March 21, igo2; served as captain 
quartermaster United States Volunteers September 18. 
i8qq, to April 17, igoo; assigned to duty as Military Attache 
at Mexico December 2, igii. 

Burrell, James L. A. — Born in Williamsport, Pa., July 9, 
1880; graduate of Johns Hopkins University, iqoo; studied 
for one and a half years in Munich University; clerk in 
Magdeburg Consulate since October 21, iqoz; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Magdeburg December 6, iqo4; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Lisbon November 17, 
1910; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Dresden July 31. 



Burt, William Wright— Born in Milan, Italy, of American 
parents, March 4, 1887; attended College Cantonal, Lau- 
sanne, Switzerland, 1898-1902; Centenary Collegiate Insti- 



tute, Hackettstown, N. J., 1902-1906; Allegheny College, 
Meadville, Pa., 1906-1910; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Florence June 3, igio. 

Busser, Ralph Cox— Born in York, Pa., January 3, 1875; 
attended the York high school, business college, and 
graduated from the University of Pennsylvania; practiced 
law; resident of Philadelphia; appointed, after examina- 
tion (November 20, 1907). Consul at Erfurt .May 31, 1909; 
Consul at Trieste September 18, 1913. 

Butler, John L.— Born May 30, 1861; appointed laborer in 
the Department of State November 17, 1888; assistant mes- 
senger July I, 1902; retired November i, 1905; reappointed 
assistant messenger June 22, igio; reappointed August 24, 
igi2, under the provisions of Executive order of August 
24, igi2. 

Butler, John S. — Appointed messenger in Department of 
State October 13, 1871; served under Superintendent of the 
State, War, and Navy Department Building from 1880 to 
i88g; appointed messenger to Samoan Commission at Ber- 
lin April g, i88q; reappointed laborer under Superintendent 
of the State, War, and Navy Department Building July 16, 
i88g, and served by detail in the Department of State; 
transferred as a laborer to the Department of State July 
I, 189S; appointed messenger July i, 1902. 

Butler, Richard — Born in Canada November n, 1834; came 
to the United States in 1852 and was naturalized in Octo- 
ber, 1864; served in the Union Army; printer, publisher, 
and editor for fifty years; postmaster at Clinton, 111., for 
ten years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Hamil- 
ton, Canada, February 16, 1898. 

Byars, Winfield S.--Born in Marion County, 111., Janu- 
ary 1, 1882; attended the public schools of Illinois, Cen- 
tralia (111) high school, Illinois Normal University, and 
Brown's Business College: stenographer in various rail- 
road offices in St. Louis, Mo , 1S95-1897; clerk in the Gen- 
eral Land Office, 1907-1910; appointed stenographer and 
typewriter in the Interstate Commerce Commission March 
I, 1910; transferred to the Department of State as clerk of 
class one April 22, 1913. 

Byington, Homer Morrison— Born in Washington, D. C, 
September ig, 1879; home. South Norwalk, Conn.; edu- 
cated in public schools, Wilson's College Instittfte, and 
by a tutor; newspaper correspondent, 189^-1897; clerk in 
Naples Consulate, 1897-iqoo; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Naples September 19, iqoo; appointed, after ex- 
amination (March 4, 1903), Consular Clerk March 31, 1903; 
in charge of Consulate at Naples from September i to 
November 4, iqo7; appointed Consular Assistant July i, 
1908; Vice and Deputy Consul at Rome July 3, 1908; Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Bristol February 8. iqoq; Consul at 
Bristol May 31, iqog; Consul at Leeds September 18, 1913. 

Bywafer, Ulysses John — Born in England of American 
parents February S, 1880; educated in public schools, Eng- 
lish high schools and at the LTniversity of Munich; clerk 
in Switzerland two years; clerk in American Consulates at 
Lucerne, Munich, and Dresden; appointed Deputy Consul- 
General at Munich October 10, 1904; Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral at Dresden October i, 1906; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Rome July 27, 1912. 

Caffee, Albert Veazey— Born in Fern Bank, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 31, 1885; educated in public school of Fern Bank and 
Mechanics' Institute and Mueller School of Business, Cin- 
cinnati; employed as stenographer and typewriter in 
various business concerns in Cincinnati, 1906-1912; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $qoo, under 
Civil Service rules, June 13, 1912. 

Caffery, Jefferson— Born in Lafayette, La., December i, 
1886; home. Lafayette. La.; graduate of Tulane University 
(B. A.), 1906; studied law and history, 1906-1909; practiced 
law in Louisiana, 1909 iqii; lieutenant colonel and aide- 
de-camp on the staff of the governor of Louisiana; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 16, 1911), Secretary of 
the Legation at Caracas March 2, 1911; clerk. Department 
of State, June 26. 1913, under the provisions of Executive 
order of December i, lyio; Secretary of the Legation at 
Stockholm September 11, 1913. 

Caldwell, John K.— Born in Piketon, Ohio, October 16, 
i88r; graduate of Berea College, 1905; laboratory helper in 
office of Supervising Architect of the Treasury. 1906; ap- 
pointed, after examination (October i, 1906). Student Inter- 
preter in Japan October 8, 1906; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General and also Interpreter at Yokohama April 16, igog; 
Assistant Japanese Secretary to the Embassy to Japan 
December 4, igog; Vice-Consulat Dalny, temporarily, Jan- 
uary 17 to February 17, 1911. 



62 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Call, Byron Niman— British subject, born in New Bruns- 
wick April lo, 1863;. appointed Consular Agent at New- 
castle, New Brunswick, February ig, igo4. 

Cammack, Alfred— Born in England July 9, 1850; natural- 
ized in New York City January 6, 1881; educated at North- 
gate School, Lincoln, England; clerk in various concerns; 
appointed clerk in War Department February 14, 1881; 
transferred to the Department of State at |qoo, under Civil 
Service rules, July 25, 1894; appointed at |i,ooo March 6, 
I goo. 

Campbell, jr., Charles— Born in St. Louis, Mo., June 29, 
1886; home, Charlottesville, Va.; attended the public 
schools of St. Louis, Smith Academy, Washington LTniver- 
sity of St. Louis, and graduated from the University of 
Virginia (LL. B.); practiced law at Charlottesville, Va., 
igoS-g; appointed, after examination (May 17, igog). Third 
Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo August 4, igog; Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Panama September 13, igio; Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Guatemala March 2, igii; Second 
Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo July 6, igii; Secre- 
tary of the Legation and Consul-General to Roumania, 
Servia, and Bulgaria March i, igi3. 

Campbell, Charles H. — Born in Washington, D. C, July 12, 
1847; educated in private schools of Washington, D. C, 
and Lyons Academy, Haverford, Pa.; mustered into 
United States volunteer service as second lieutenant First 
New York Light Artillery February 4, 1865; aide-de-camp 
to Maj. Gen. A. A. Humphreys, commanding Second Army 
Corps; appointed captain and assistant adjutant-general 
of volunteers June i, 1865; honorably mustered out May 
II, 1866; commissioned second lieutenant Sixth United 
States Cavalry July 25, 1866; first lieutenant May 7, 1867; 
captain September 20. 1874; resigned February 15, 1881; 
brevetted first lieutenant and captain March 2, 1867, "for 
gallant and meritorious services during the battle of 
Petersburg, Va."; appointed temporary clerk in the De- 
partment of State at $1,000 July i, 1882; permanently at 
same salary August 5, 18S2; class one February i, 1884; 
class two May 9, 1889; class three Decembers, 1890; class 
two May 6, iSga; class three November 4, i8g5; class four 
April I, igoo; resigned June 30, igo3; reappointed clerk 
class three July i, 1903; class four JVIay 24, 1905, to take 
effect June i, igos. 

Canada, William W. — Born in Randolph County, Ind., in 
1851; home, Winchester, Ind.; public and normal school 
education: practiced law; municipal judge for fourteen 
years; appointed Consul at Veracruz June 7, i8g7. 

Cannon, William Joseph— Born in New York City February 

26, 1888; attended the public schools of New York, i8g3- 
igo2; High School of Commerce, New York, igo2-3; East- 
man Business College, New York, 1903-4; Emerson Insti- 
tute, Washington, igog-igii; George Washington Univer- 
sity, 1911-12; stenographer with various firms in New York, 
igo4-igog; stenographer and typewriter in the Navy De- 
partment, Washington, i9og-i9i2; appointed clerk in the 
American Legation at Peking October 5, igi2. 

Carbo, Buenaventura—Born in Cuba April 17, 1859; natu- 
ralized in New York June 26, i8g6; manager of private 
estate; clerk in American Consulate Cienfuegos, i886-i8g4; 
interpreter to United States military government in Cuba, 
1900-1902; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Cien- 
fuegos April 2, 1907. 

Carey, Henry W. — British subject, born in Spain January 
1, 1874; engaged in business at Alicante; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Alicante July 12, i8gg; Consular Agent February 
25. 1905- 

Carleton.AlgarE.— Born in Williamstown, Vl., August n, 
1872; educated at Randolph (Vt.) high school and part- 
mouth College; newspaper reporter, iSgs-iSgg; appointed 
Consular Agent at Almeria May ii, iBgg; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Hongkong April 6, igio. 

Carothers, George C— Born in 1875; grocer for several 
years; in commission business; appointed Consular Agent 
at Torreon January 8, igo2. 

Carpenter, Fred Warner— Born in Sauk Center, Minn., De- 
cember 12, 1873; home, San Francisco, Cal.; educated in 
public schools and private academy of Lakeport, Cal.; 
graduate of the University of Minnesota, LL. B. (1807) and 
LL. M. (i8g8); admitted to the bar in Minnesota and Cali- 
fornia, i8g8; stenographer with a law firm in San Fran- 
cisco, 1898-igoo; in the Philippine Islands, 1900-1903, as 
stenographer and later as private secretary to Governor 
Taft; private secretary to the Secretary of War, 1904-1908; 
Secretary to the President, March 5, igog, to June 5, igto; 



appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Morocco June 2, 1910; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Siam September 12, 1912. 

Carr, Wilbur J.— Born inHillsboro, Ohio, Octobersi, 1870; 
educated in Ohio public schools and Kentucky University; 
graduated from Georgetown University, LL. B. (1894), ^"d 
from Columbian (now George Washington) University, 
LL. M. (1899); took a post-graduate course in international 
law, political science, and diplomacy; admitted to practice, 
in the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals of the District 
of Columbia; appointed clerk in the Department of State at 
$1,000, on probation, under Civil Service rules, June i, 1892; 
permanently at same salary December i, 1892; class one 
August 8, 1893; served as confidential clerk to the Secre- 
tary and several of the Assistant Secretaries of State; ap- 
pointed clerk of class two May 11, 1894; class three March 
2, i8g6; class four April i, i8gg; Chief of the Consular Bu- 
reau February i, 1902; member of the Board of Examiners 
for the Consular Service; member of a board to formulate 
a plan for the examination of candidates for the Consular 
Service December 6, 1905; member of the Committee on 
Business Methods in the Department January 28, 1907; 
Chief Clerk May 8, igo7; chairman of the Department of 
State Advisory Committee on Printing and Publication 
May 8, igo7; representative of the Department of State on 
the United States Board of the Tercentennial Exposition 
at Jamestown May 9, 1907; charged with the direction of 
theConsular Service August 15, 1907; representative of the 
Department of State in the International Congress on 
Tuberculosis July 6, 1908; representative of the Depart- 
ment of State, Alaska-Yukon- Pacific Exposition at Seattle, 
January 20, 1909; Director of the Consular Service No- 
vember 30, igog; appointed a member of the committee to 
represent the Department of State in the inquiry ordered 
by the President into the economy and efficiency of the 
Executive Departments of the Government October 19, 
igio. 

Carrigan, Clarence -Born in San Rafael, Cal., March 22, 
1880; graduated from St. Ignatius College (A. B.), San 
Francisco, 1899; clerk in the Subsistence Department, 
United States Army, 1900-igoi; second lieutenant. Artil- 
lery Corps, United States Army, igoi-1907; engaged in the 
oriental-art business in San Francisco, 1907-igog; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at St. John, New Brunswick, 
March 3, 1910; Vice and Deputy Consul at Lyon February 
27, 1912. 

Carter, James Garneth— Born in Brunswick, Ga., Decem- 
ber 15, 1877; home, Brunswick; educated in the grammar, 
normal, and industrial schools of Georgia; merchant tailor, 
letter carrier, and manager of a newspaper for nine years, 
and notary public for one year; appointed, after examina- 
tion (August 24, 1906), Consul at Sivas September 6, igo6, 
but did not go to post; appointed Consul at Tamatave 
November i, 1906. 

Castle, Richard— British subject, born in England Novem- 
ber 25, 1863; dry-goods merchant; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Bristol January g, 1906. 

Cauldwell, Frederic Wadsworth— Born in Watkins, N. Y., 
September 23, 1873; educated in public schools of Owego, 
N. Y., and Owego Academy; newspaper correspondent; 
appointed, after examination. Consular Clerk March 30, 
1903; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at St. Gall Decem- 
ber 28, igos; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Berlin 
January 28, igo7; Consular Assistant July i, igo8; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Cairo June 10, igog; reappointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Berlin November i, 
igog; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Batum August 
21, igii; Consul at Tapachula August 22, 1912, but did not 
go to post. 

Cave, Alice Mary —British subject, born in St. Petersburg; 
stenographer and typewriter; appointed clerk in the 
American Embassy at St. Petersburg September i, igxi. 

Cazes, Joseph Raphael— Born in Tangier, Morocco, August 
20, 1872; naturalized in New York City in i8g3; educated 
in the schools of Tangier; appointed clerk in the Ameri- 
can Legation at Tangier July i, 1905. 

Chamberlain.Qeorge Agnew— Born in Sao Paulo, Brazil, of 
American parents, March 15, 1879; educated at Lawrence- 
ville school, New Jersey, and Princeton University; was 
employed as clerkin the LTnited States Consulate at Ba- 
hia, Brazil, in 1902; head of the English department at 
McKenzie College, Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 1903: appointed 
Deputy Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro April 29. 1904; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General June 24, 1904; retired 
December, 1904, to engage in newspaper work; appointed 
Consul at Pernambuco June 22, 1906; Consul at Lourenco 
Marques May 31, igog. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



63 



Chamberlin, George Ellsworth — Born in West Woodstock, 
Conn., February 17, 1872; educated in private scliools and 
business college; traveling salesman five years; clerk in 
Singapore Consulate; appointed V^ice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Singapore January 2, iqo6; appointed, after ex- 
amination (November 10, igo8), Consul at Swatow January 
10, 1910; Consul at Cork June 24, 1910. 

Chandler, Charles Lyoo -Born in Brookline, Mass., Decem- 
ber 2g, 1883; graduate of Harvard University (A. B.), 1905; 
Dillaway Traveling Scholarship in Europe from Harvard, 
1905-6; took course in international law at the University 
of Buenos Aires; took two years' course in political sci- 
ence at the University of San Marcos, Lima, Peru; 
private secretary to the Minister to Portugal, 1905-6; 
appointed, after examination. Student Interpreter in 
Japan October 8, igo6- Vice-Consul at Tansui Decem- 
ber 29, igo6; Vice-Consul at Dalny March 20, 1907; Con- 
sular Assistant August i, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Montevideo November 25, 1908; assigned to duty at 
Buenos Aires March 16, 1909; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Buenos Aires July 24, 1909; Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Callao August 15, 1911; assigned to 
duty in the Department of State; delegate on the part of 
the United States to the Fifth International Congress of 
Chambers of Commerce, Boston, September 24 to 28, 1912. 

Chapuis, Nicolas- Born in France in 1847; naturalized in 
1882; educated in French public schools; formerly a mer- 
chant in New York; retired and has lived in Dijon since 
1902; appointed Consular Agent at Dijon July 10, 1906. 

Chase, Benjamin Franklin— Born in Clearfield County, Pa., 
February i, 1869; attended the public schools and high 
school of Clearfield, Pa., and the law department of the 
University of Michigan; practiced law since 1891; resi- 
dent of Clearfield; appointed, after examination (June 27, 
1905), Consul at Catania June 30, 1905; Consul at Zanzibar 
March 30, 1907, but did not go to post; appointed, after ex- 
amination (November 20, 1907), Consul at Leeds May 31, 
1909; Consul at Leghorn September 18, 1913. 

Chater, Daniel — British subject, born in Canada May 18, 
1876; telegrapher and clerk; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Windsor, Ontario, June 13, 1904. 

Chenay, Arthur Alphonsus — Born in Canada April 5, 1876; 
naturalized at Dallas, Tex., in June, 1908; educated in pub- 
lic schools of Canada, Assumption College of Sandwich 
(Canada), Collegiate Institute of Windsor, and Detroit 
College; rate and tariff clerk for two railway companies 
and correspondent for Dry Goods Economist, 1904-1909; 
appointed clerk in the Department of State, temporarily, 
at $goo per annum, under Civil Service rules, July 16, 1909; 
on probation October 16, 1909; permanently at same salary 
April 16. 1910; at $1,000 October 6, igii, to take effect Oc- 
tober 16, 1911. 

Cheney, Elias H. -Born in Ashland, N. H., January 28, 1832; 
home, Lebanon, N. H.; educated in the public and high 
schools and at Phillips Exeter Academy; newspaper owner 
and manager; served as moderator of town meeting; mem- 
ber of the board of education; member of both branches 
of the New Hampshire state legislature; editor of the Gran- 
ite State Free Press; appointed Consul at Matanzas Jan- 
uary 6, 1892; retired June, 1894; appointed Consul at La 
Paz, Mexico, February 4, 1898; Consul at Curayao Febru- 
ary 2, iSgg. 

Chesbrough, Ralph Fordyce— Born in Providence, R. I., 
July I, 1885; attended Beloit College Academy four years 
and graduated from Beloit (Wis.) College (B. A.); took 
post-graduate course in George Washington University 
one year; traveling salesman two and one-half years; 
appointed Student Interpreter in Turkey April i, 1910; 
Deputy Consul-General at Constantinople June 25, 191?; 
also Interpreter August 4, 1913; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
(iencral and Interpreter at Beirut September 13, 1913. 

Cheshire, Fleming Duncan— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 
4, 1849; educated in public and private schools; appointed 
Acting Interpreter to the Consulate at Foochow Septem- 
ber, 1877; Vice-Consul at FoochovV August 7, 1878; in charge 
of Consulate at Foochow from November 20, 1878, to June 
8, 1879; in charge of the Consulate at Canton from October 
18, 1879, to April ig, 1880; Interpreter to the Consulate at 
Foochow March 17, 1880; Interpreter to the Consulate- 
General at Shanghai June ig, 1880; also Vice-Consul-Gen- 
eral at Shanghai March 22, 1882; in charge of Consulate- 
General at Shanghai from August 24, 1882, to May 10. 
1883, and from December 15, 1883, to July, 1884; appointed 
Acting Interpreter to the Legation at Peking August, 
1884; Interpreter to the Legation at Peking September 2, 
1884; Chinese Secretary to the Legation at Peking May 




Chesney, James Alexander — British subject, born in Tran- 
mere, England, March 15, i86g; Valencia agent of a firm 
of fruit brokers in Liverpool; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Valencia June 20, 1912. 

Chester, Arthur James— British subject, born in Canada 
September 23, 1872; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Sarnia May i8, 1900. 

Christenson, Ethel Q.— Born in Winamac, Ind.; graduate 
of Shortridge High School of Indianapolis and took a short 
course in the Teachers' Training School of Indianapolis; 
teacher in the schools of Noblesville, Ind.; appointed clerk 
in the Government Printing Office, under Civil Service 
rules, January 20, 1908; transferred to the Department of 
State and appointed clerk at $900 February 28, iqii; at 
$1,000 January 21, 1913. 

Christiansen, Harry— Born ia Chicago, 111., January 31, 
1889; educated in the public schools of Chicago and Orr's 
Business College; stenographer in Chicago and Daven- 
port, Iowa, 1905-1908; secretary to the general superintend- 
ent of the Cerro de Pasco Mining Co. since 1908; appointed 
Consular Agent at Cerro de Pasco October 28, 1913. 

Christofa, Apostolos Panayoti Hadji — Greek subject, born in 
Mitylene, Turkey, August 28, 1875; member of banking 
firm in Mitylene; appointed Consular Agent at Mitylene 
February 27, 1912. 

Chue, James— British subject, born in Australia June 16, 
1883; appointed Interpreter at Hongkong May 9, 1906. 

Cipriani, Edward B.— Born in Port of Spain, Island of 
Trinidad, November 25, 1871; naturalized in New Jersey 
September. 1902; employed in lawyer's office in Jersey 
City, N. J., two and one-half years; admitted to practice 
in the United States district court of New Jersey; news- 
paper editor in Trinidad five years; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Trinidad May 8, 1912. 

Claaszen, Ernst August— Born in Germany December 30, 
1853; automobile and insurance agent; appointed Consu- 
lar Agent at Danzig December 23, igo2. 

Clare, Arthur James— Born in Barbados May 8, 1864; nat- 
uralized in Boston, July 30, i8g6; educated in private 
schools in Barbados, West Indies; employed as clerk in 
the United States Consulate at Barbados; accountant in 
Boston, Mass. ; appointed Vice-Consul at Barbados May 
9, igoi; Vice and Deputy Consul July 28, igo2; Consul 
March 15, 1905; Consul at Georgetown June 10, 1908; Consul 
at Bluefields January 21, 1911. 

Clark, Cyrus N.— Born in New York City May 8, 1856; edu- 
cated in private schools and by private tutors in the United 
States and abroad; engaged in the investigation of prop- 
erties in Venezuela for investment; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at La Guaira November 23, 1912. 

Clark, William Winter- Born in Licking County, Ohio, 
June 21, 1890; attended the public and high schools of Ohio 
twelve years and the Ohio State University two years; 
clerk in the Columbus shops of the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Co. one year; appointed Consular Agent at Cardenas 
August I, 1912. 

Clarke, Ethel— Born in Auburndale, Mass.; graduate of 
FriendsAcademy,NewBedford,Mass.; tookspecial courses 
at .Swain School, New Bedford, two years and studied 
stenography at the Beale School of Shorthand, Boston; 
employed in various clerical capacities in New York several 
years; stenographer in the office of the Hamburg- American 
Steamship Co. at San Jose, Costa Rica; appointed clerk in 
the American Legation at San Jose August i, 1912. 

Clausel, Louis A. — Born in Lima, Peru, February 18, 1883; 
naturalized in Washington, D. C, August i, 1910; attended 
various schools in Lima and Callao, Peru, ten years; Gar- 
rison School for Officers, Fort Myer, Va., igo8-9, and 
Draughon's Business College, Washington, 1909-10; em- 
ployed as mechanic in the Washington Navy Yard, 1903 
1908; clerk in lawyer's office and with the District govern- 
ment, Washington, 1910-1912; clerk in the Isthmian Canal 
Commission, 1912; appointed clerk in the American Lega- 
tion at Panama August 16, 1912. 



64 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Clayton, Robert Samuel— Born in Hannibal, Mo., June i6, 
1872; educated in public schools of Paterson, N. J., and 
Washington, D. C; appointed messenger in Navy De- 
partment February 3, 1900; watchman, State. War, and 
Navy Department Building, March 31, 1904; clerk in the 
Department of State at I300, under Civil Service rules, 
January 24, igio; at $r,ooo June 27, 1911; class one Novem- 
ber 20, iQii; class two June 4, 1913. 

Clemens, Wilhelm— Born in Germany April 22, 1859; for- 
warding- agent; appointed Consular Agent at Brake No- 
vember 13, i88s. ' 

Clement!, Attilio J. — Italian subject, born in Hungary May 
31, 1884; was employed by banking houses in Sharon, Pa., 
1902-1905; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Fiume 
September 2, 1909. 

Clinton, George W.—Born in Harrisburg, Pa., August 15, 
1861; high-school graduate; with Canadian Collenes Co. 
(DunsmuirJ,Ltd.; appointed Consular Agent at Union Feb- 
ruary 8, 1892; Consular Agent at Cumberland November 



Clum, Harold Dunstan— Born in Saugerties, N. Y., June 7, 
1879; home, Saugerties; attended the Saugerties (N. Y.) 
high school; graduated from St. Stephen's College, 
Annandale, N. Y. (B. A., igoi), and from Columbia Uni- 
versity (M. A., 1903); taught school in various places, and 
engaged in clerical work, 1901-1909; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at San Salvador April 7, 1909; ap- 
pointed, after examination (June 27, igio), Consul at Ceiba 
March 13, 1912. 

Coddington, Dora Ida— Born in Blackhawk County, Iowa; 
educated in public schools and business college of Water- 
loo, Iowa; stenographer and typewriter for a telephone 
company; appointed clerk in the Department of State at 
$goo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, August 12, 
1908; permanently at same salary February 13, 1909; at 
$1,000 November 22, 1909; class one July i, 1910. 

Coffin, William— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., October 8, 1877; 
home, Middlcsboro, Ky.; educated in private schools in 
Tennessee and Kentucky and St. Paul's School, Concord, 
N. H.; was employed in mercantile business; appointed, 
after e.xamination (June 26, iqo6). Consul at Maskat June 

28, 1906; Consul at Tripoli-in-Barbary June 10, 1908; Consul 
at Jerusalem June 24, igio; on special duty in the United 
States in connection with the Twelfth International 
Congress of Navigation at Philadelphia May-June, 1912; 
Consul-General at Budapest September 18, 1913. 

Cole, George C. — Born in Cassville, W. Va., February 5, 
1856; home, Weston, W.Va.; educated in public and private 
schools and West Virginia University; practiced law for 
twenty years; served four terms in the West Virginia State 
Senate; appointed Consul-General at Buenos Aires April 
13, 1905; Consul at Dawson June 22, 1906. 

Cole, Samuel — Born in England February 7, 1850; natural- 
ized March 30, 1S97, in Washington, D. C; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State January 17, 1907; assist- 
ant messenger December 14, 1908, to take effect December 

29, 1908. 

Coleman, Chapman— Born in Louisville, Ky., February 19, 
1843; educated at private schools, Harrods Academy (Ken- 
tucky), the Polytechnic Academy at Hanover, Germany, 
and the University at Munich; engaged in the practice of 
law; appointed Second Secretary of the Legation at Ber- 
lin May 8, 1874; Secretary of the Legation at Peking July 
S, 1884, but declined; appointed Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Berlin September 15, 1884; Secretary of the Reci- 
procity Commission in October, 1897; upon the retirement 
of the Special Commissioner Plenipotentiary in the spring 
of 1901, assumed and retained charge until the discon- 
tinuance of the commission June 30, 1906; appointed Con- 
sul at Roubai.x June 22,1906; Consul at Rome June 10, 1908. 

Coleman, Selby Sumner— Born in Seymour, Ind., July 3, 
1874; attended the high schools of Edinburg, Ind., Louis- 
ville (Ky.) College of Pharmacy, and graduated from the 
I.ouisville (Ky.) Medical College in i8q6; employed by re- 
tail druggists, 1892-1894; practicing physician, 1896-1899; 
retail druggist. 1900-1902; traveling salesman for whole- 
sale drug house, 1902-1904; assistant manager of New 
Orleans branch, 1904-1908, and manager of India, Burma, 
and Ceylon branchessince July i, igo8; appointed Viceand 
Deputy Consul at Bombay December 1, 1909; retired June 

30, 1911; reappointed January 4, 1912. 

Collins, James William— British subject, born in New South 
Wales September i, 1875; importer; appointed Consular 
Agent at Brisbane January 8, 1909. 



Collins, Lester Wright— Born in Meriden, Conn., February 
15, 1879; attended the public schools of Connecticut ten 
years and Tufts College four years; employed as electrical 
engineer by various companies in the United States and 
the British West Indies, 1901-1910; superintendent of the 
Demerara Electric Co. (Ltd.), British Guiana, since 1910; 
appointed Viceand Deputy Consul at Georgetown Novem- 
ber IS, 1912. 

Coivard, Joseph Bower— Born in Jefferson, N. C, June 18 
1889; attended the Weaver School, Lenoir, N. C, three 
years, University of North Carolina three and one-half 
years, and Emory and Henry College three months; sec- 
retary to a Member of Congress one and one-half years; 
clerk in the American Consulate-General at Vancouver 
since September 2, 1912; appointed Deputy Consul-General 
at Vancouver December 2, 1912. 

Conant, Harry A.— Born in Monroe, Mich., May 5, 1844; 
home, Monroe; educated in public schools, Michigan State 
Normal School, and the University of Michigan; served in 
the Michigan Senate, 1878; secretary of state of Michigan, 
1883-1887; practiced law and engaged in banking and 
manufacturing in Monroe; was first paymaster of the 
Michigan Naval Reserve; appointed Consul at Naples 
March 29. 1880; resigned June 26, 1880; appointed Consul at 
Windsor, Ontario, April 18, 1905. 

Conner, Jacob Elon— Born in Wilmington, Ohio, October 
21, 1862; educated at Howe's Academy, Mount Pleasant, 
Iowa; graduated from the Iowa State University, 1891; 
studied at Yale and the University of Chicago; taught for 
several years; reentered the University of Iowa and ob- 
tained the degree of doctor of philosophy; instructor at 
the University of Pennsylvania for two years; special 
agent under the Department of Commerce and Labor; 
correspondent of the New York Journal of Commerce; 
special agent under the Interstate Commerce Commission; 
appointed, after examination (July 7, 1907), Consul at 
Saigon August 15, 1907; Consul at St. Petersburg August 
27, 1909. 

Cook, Thomas Henry— British subject, born in England 
June 29, 1869; clerk in Nottingham Consulate since 1892; 
appointed Deputy Consul at Nottingham October 26, 1900. 

Cooke, Arthur Bledsoe— Born at Meltons, Louisa County, 
Va., June 15, 1869; graduated from the University of Vir- 
ginia, receiving the degrees of B. A. (1895) and Ph. D. 
(1901); student at the universities of Giittingen and Berlin, 
1899-1900; professor of French and German in Wofford 
College, Spartanburg, S. C, 1895-1908; director, depart- 
ment of European civilization and languages, Throop 
Polytechnic Institute, Pasadena, Cal., 1908-1910; director, 
summer school, Throop Institute, 1909; author of several 
books; appointed, after examination (April 7, 1908), Con- 
sul at Patras March 7, 1910. 

Cooke, Charles Lee— Born in Washington. D. C, July 22, 
1867; educated in public and high schools in 'tVashington, 
and by private instruction; patent solicitor in Washington, 
D. C; transferred from the Patent Office to the Depart- 
ment of State and appointed clerk at $900 July 9, looi; at 
|i,ooo July I, 1902; class one July i, 1903; class two Jul}' 2, 
1906; class three March 23, 1907; detailed as clerk in the 
Embassy at London at |i,8oo per annum February 27, igog; 
appointed clerk class four in the Department of State 
August 2, 1909. 

Cookingham, Harris Nicks— Born in Red Hook-on-Hudson, 

N. Y., November 3, 1883; attended the public schools of 
Red Hook ten years; Riverview Military Academy, Pough- 
keepsie, three years, and graduated from Syracuse Univer- 
sity (A. B.), 1909; correspondent in circulation department 
of publishing company; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Seville January 7, igii. 

Cooper, W. A. — Born July 29, 1856; educated in public 
schools; appointed clerk in the San Francisco post office 
October 1, 1879; appointed United States Despatch Agent 
of the Department of State at San Francisco, Cal., July 9, 
1884. 

Copestake, John Henry - Born in England July i, 1861; clerk 
in Tunstall and Burslem Consulates since 1873; appointed 
Viceand Deputy Consul at Tunstall May 11, 1888; Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Burslem August 21, igoq; Deputy 
Consul November 9, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul Janu 
ary 22, 1913. 

Corafa, Constantine M.— Born in Argostoli, Cephalonia, 
Greece, .•\pril iS, 1856; naturalized in Brooklyn September 
8, 1887; educated at the Lyceum in Argostoli; clerk in the 
American Legation at Athens October, 1899, to September 
30, 1902; translator and interpreter; appointed Deputy 
Consul-General at Athens February 13, igir. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



65 



Correia, John— Born in Springfield, 111., July i, 18S4; edu- 
c.'Ued at Roval College, Trinidad, West Indiesr commer- 
cial traveler tour years; engaged in busniess in Spring- 
Held several years; appointed Consular Agent at Funchal 
November 25, 1912. 

Cosby, Spencer — Born in Maryland October 2, 1867; ap- 
pointed a cadet in the I'nited States Military Academy 
lune 16, 1S87; additional second lieutenant Engineers June 

12, 1891; second lieutenant April 12, 1894; first lieutenant 
October 13, 1895; major Engineers June 1 j, iSyS; honorably 
discharged December 31, 189S; appointed captain Engi- 
neers February 2, 1901; major June 9, 1907; in charge of 
public buildings and grounds, District of Columbia, with 
rank of colonel, March 15, 1909; assigned to duty as 
Military Attache at Paiis August 7, 1913. 

Gotten, Lyman A. — Born in North Carolina December 18, 
1874; appointed a naval cadet from North Carolina Sep- 
tember 6, 1894; ensign April 4, 1900; lieutenant (junior 
grade) April 4, 1903; lieutenant January i, 1904; lieutenant 
commander July i, 1910; assigned to duty as Naval At- 
tache at Tokyo, Japan, and Peking, China, December 30, 
igii. 

Cotter, Arthur V. W.— British subject, born in Killough, 
Ireland, February i, 1885; instructor in languages; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul-General at Munich August 29,1910. 

Couche, Frank Alphonse Antoine — Born in Port Clinton, Ohio, 
January 24, 1S83; attended the public schools of Port Clin- 
ton and studied under private tutor; studied in Pans and 
Lille, France, 1896-1901; clerk in Hamburg, Germany, and 
in Port Clinton, Ohio, three years; automobile salesman in 
New York and Boston four years; appointed clerk in the 
American Legation at Bucharest April 10, 1911. 

Coughlin, John Thomas— Born in Baltimore, Md., July 27, 
1851; educated at Baltimore City College and graduated 
from Georgetown University law school. LL. Band LL. M.; 
served in the Signal Corps, United States Army, for more 
than three years; clerk in lawyer's office; teacher in public 
and private schools and tutor in preparing boys for Yale 
University; auditor of Detroit Citizens Street Railway 
Co.; appointed clerk in the Department of State at 
$r, 000 (temporary), under Civil Service rules. May 20, 1884; 
permanently, same salary, November ig, 1884; class one 
July 12, 1886; attached to Venezuelan Claims Commission 
as assistant secretary May 7, 1890, to September 2, i8go; 
clerk class two June g, i8g2; attached to Bering Sea Tri- 
bunal of Arbitration at Paris, as secretary to the counsel 
for the United States, February 23, i8g3, to June 11, i8g3; 
resigned as clerk August 3, 1893; reappointed clerk class 
one, under Civil Service rules, June 24, 1897; class two 
April I, 1899: class four June 25, igoo, to take effect July 
I, 1900; attached to Alaska Boundary Tribunal from Feb- 
ruary 24, 1903, to August ig, 1903. 

Covel, Alice M. — Appointed assistant telephone switch- 
board operator. Department of State, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, September 25, 1907; permanently 
March 2$, 1908. 

Cox, William R. — British subject, born in London in 1854; 
appointed clerk in the Consulate at Para in 1903; Deputy 
Consul May 5. 1906. 

Coxe, Francis Travis— Born in Philadelphia, Pa , March 

13, 1889; home, Philadelphia; attended the Episcopal 
.•\cademy, Philadelphia, si.\ years: St. George's School, 
Newport, R. I., two years; Princeton University one year, 
and the University of Pennsylvania one year; private sec- 
retary, summer, 1910; with Insurance Co. of North .Amer- 
ica, 1911-12; appointed, after examination (May 27, 19:2), 
Second Secretary of the Legation at Habana September 
20, 1912. 

Coxe, Hanson Cleveland— Born in Baltimore, Md., Febru- 
ary 26, 1859: educated in private schools and at Trinity 
University, Toronto; with New York Herald si.x years ; 
member of the New York bar; author of law books; ad- 
mitted to practice in the United States Supreme Court, 
1908; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Paris July 18, 
1904. 

Cram, Paul Henry— Born in Portland, Me., January 26. 1879; 
graduate of Harvard University; taught school in Porto 
Rico two years; studied one year at the University of 
Grenoble, France; clerk in Marseille Consulate; appointed 
Vice-Consul-General at Marseille .April 7, 1905; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General April 15, igog; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Cairo July 11, igir, but declined and 
remained at Marseille. 



Cramer, Laura R. -Born in Rockville, Md.; educated in 
private school; appointed in the (iovernment Printing 
Ofiice February 28, 1S87; detailed to the Department of 
State September 27, i8:;o; transferred to the Department 
of State as clerk at $900 October 7, 1902; class one March 

4, 1907. 

Cramer, William Ford— Born in Washington, D. C, May 
17. i386; attended high school in Washington and business 
college in New York City; employed in a law office in 
1904; appointed messenger boy in the Department of the 
Interior at $360 perannum February 20. 1905; retired April 
26, 1906; employed in New York City, 1907-1909; appointed 
in the Department of State in connection with foreign 
trade and treaty relations December 22, igog; clerk class 
one, temporarily, under Civil Service rules, August 24, 
19 1 2; permanently, under the provisions of E.xecutive 
order of .August 24, 19x2, November 7, 1912. 

Crane, Maud M.— Born in Washington, D. C; attended 
private school in London, England, public and high school 
and young ladles' seminary in Washington, D. C; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $goo, on proba- 
tion, under Civil Service rules, October 13, igo2; perma- 
nently at same salary April 13, 1903; at $1,000 May 24, 1905, 
fo take effect June i, 1905; class one July 2, 1906; class two 
October 5, 1907. 

Crane, R. Newton— Born in 1848; educated at Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, Middletown, Conn.; a founder of Newark Morn- 
ing Register, 1869; editor of St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 
1S73; appointed .American Consul at Manchester February 
20, 1874; retired April, 1878; becamea memberof the United 
States Supreme Court bar in 1879; chancellor diocese of 
Missouri, 1882; barrister. Middle Temple, 1894; chairman 
American Society in London, 1898; representative of 
United States Government in South .African Deportation 
Claims Commission, 1901; agent in Samoan Arbitration 
Award, igo3-4; appointed Despatch Agent of the United 
States at London April 2, 1904. 

Craven, Austin James Arthur — British subject, born in Ben- 
gal, India, June 11, 1871; agent for a firm of importers and 
exporters at Chitta.gong, India; appointed Consular Agent 
at Chittagong July rg, 1913.' 

Creevey, Edward Allen — Born in Jersey City November 7, 
1859; home, Bridgeport, Conn., educated in the public 
schools of Jersey City; merchant and contractor; served in 
the city council of Bridgeport, Conn., four years, on the 
health board one year, and as president of board of build- 
ing commissioners three years; appointed, after examina- 
tion (March 22, 1901), Consul at Glauchau July g, 1901; 
Consul at Yarmouth October 14, 1905; Consul at Colombo 
March 30, 1907; Consul at St. Michael's June 10, 1908. 

Cresson, William Penn- Born in Claymont, Del., Septem- 
ber 17, 1S73; attended the Delancey School of Philadelphia, 
the University of Pennsylvania for two years, and the 
Ecole des Beau.x .Arts of Paris, 1808-1902; traveled in Persia 
and Kurdistan, rgoo, and contributed articles on Mi,ddle 
Eastern questions to geographic magazines; studied Ecole 
des Sciences Politiques, Paris, 1902; author of a work on 
Persia, igoS; practiced profession of architecture in Wash- 
ington, D. C., i..io3-igo7; ranching in Nevada, 1907-8; ap- 
pointed, after examination (May 17, 19091, Secretary of the 
Legation at Lima, Peru, August 4, igog; Second Secretary 
of the Embassy at London February i, igi2; detailed to 
attend the White-Slave-Traffic Conference at London 
June 30, igr3, to report the proceedings thereof; appointed 
Secretary of the Legation at Quito August 15, 1913. 

Crocker, Henry Graham — Born in Milwaukee, Wis., August 
10, 1868; attended Upper Canada College, Yale College, 
and graduated from Yale law school, LL. B. (1801), M. L. 
(1892); admitted to the bar of Connecticut (1891'!, Illinois 
(1892), and California (1893); teacher Coronado (Cal.) 
high school and principal same school, 1896-1900; teacher 
Los Angeles high school, iooo-igo2; appointed clerk class 
one, in the Department of State, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, March i, igo2; permanently at same salary 
September 5, 1902; class two July 2. 1906; corresponding 
memberof the Societe de Legislation Comparde, Paris; ap- 
pointed clerk class three December i, 1909. 

Crosby, Sheldon Leavitt — Born in New York City Novem- 
ber 9, 1880; home. New York City; educated by tutor and 
in English and German schools in Dresden; was in rail- 
way office, trust company, and insurance office in New 
York twelve years; appointed, after examination (March 
I, igro). Third Secretary of the Embassy at London March 
31, igio; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General at 
Bangkok August 22, 1912. 



s 1 1 70- 



66 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Croskey, Maximo Ferdinand- Citizen of Paraguay; born in 

Asuncion May 31, 1887; assistant electrical engineer^ in 
Asuncion; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Asuncion 
August 22, 1911. 

Cruger, Alexander Pendleton-Born in San Antonio, Te.\., 
September 21, 1886; educated in private schools and by 
tutors; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Liege Sep- 
tember 23, 1907; clerk in the American Legation at Brussels 
June 1, 1913. 

Cruikshank, Herbert Knight -Born in New York City No- 
vember 27, i88g; educated in the public and high schools 
of New York and by private tutor; acted as secretary to 
his father in his law' office in New York and to his cousin, 
who is in the typewriter business in Chicago; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Cork July 24, igii. 

Crundall, Frederick — British subject, born in England 
March 3, 1863; shipping agent since 1877; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Dover December 9, 1908. 

Culver, Henry S. — Born in Delaware County, Ohio, in 
1854; home, Delaware, Ohio, educated in the public 
schools and at a private academy; engaged in the practice 
of law; was prosecuting attorney of Delaware County, 
Ohio, £or four years; mayor of Delaware, Ohio, four years; 
appointed, after examination (October 13, 1897), Consul 
at London, Ontario, October 15, 1897; Consul at Cork June 
22, 1906; Consul at St. John, New Brunswick, June 24, 1910. 

Cunningham, Edwin Sheddan -Born in Sevier County, Tenn., 
July 6, 1868; home, Maryville, Tenn.; attended public 
schools; graduated from the Maryville (Tenn.) College 
(A. B."), 1889, and the University of Michigan (LL. B.), 
1893; employed as a railway mail clerk, 1889-1890; con- 
nected with a law publishing house at fiochester, N. Y., 
1894-1896; practiced law at Maryville, Tenn., 1896-1898; 
appointed, after examination (February 9. 1898), Consul at 
Aden February 16, 1898; Consul at Bergen March 3, 1903; 
Consul at Durban June 22, igo6; Consul at Bombay De- 
cember 20, iqio; Consul-General at Singapore August 22, 
1912. 

Curtice, Raymond S. — Born in Middlefield Center, Conn., 
October 31, 1887; attended high school at New Rochelle, 
N. Y., three and one-half years; Centenary Collegiate In- 
stitute, Hackettstown, N. J., one year; Wesleyan LTniver- 
sity, Middletown, Conn., four years; bookkeeper during 
the summersof 1905 and. 1906; teacher since 1908; appointed 
Student Interpreter in Japan April i, 1910; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Dalny November 6, 1912; also Interpreter De- 
cember 18, 1912; Interpreter at Yokohama March ii, 1913; 
also Deputy Consul-General at Yokohama July 7, 1913; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Seoul 
October 7, 1913. 

Curtis, Charles Boyd— Born in New York City December 
6, 1878; attended Berkeley School, Groton School, and 
graduated from Harvard University (A. B.); studied law 
at Columbia University; member of National Guard of 
New York, 1903-1907; clerk in .various business houses in 
New York City; secretary to the Ambassador at St. Peters- 
burg, 1907-8; appointed, after examination (June 10, 1908), 
Third Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople May 
15, 1909; Secretary of the Legation at Christiania March 
31, 1910; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General at 
Santo Domingo February i, 1912; retired from Santo 
Domingo November 10, 1913. 

Curtiss, James Bond— Born in Buffalo, N. Y., May i, 1883; 
graduated from Central High School (Buffalo); took a 
three-year course in forestry at Yale University; was em- 
ployed as buyer and inspector of railroad ties one year 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Fort Erie July 
24, 1909. 

Cusbman, Guy — Born in Rhode Island September 4, 1876; 
appointed private and corporal Company M. First Mis- 
souri Infantry, May 13, 1898; transferred to Troop D, First 
Ohio Cavalry, July 16, 1898; honorably mustered out Octo- 
ber 23, 1898; appointed second lieutenant Infantry April 10, 
1899; transferred to Second Cavalry May 10, 1899; first 
lieutenant Eleventh Cavalry February 2, 1901; captain 
Fifteenth Cavalry September 20, 1906; transferred to 
Eleventh Cavalry January 26, 1909; assigned to duty as 
Military Attache at Stockholm, Sweden, Christiania, Nor- 
way, and Copenhagen, Denmark, December 19, 1912. 

Czaykowski, Polydor- Citizen of Haiti, born December 2, 
1858; exporter of logwood; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Cape Haitien January 27, 1912. 

Da Frota, Antonio E. — Brazilian citizen; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Ceara June 17, 1897. 



Dahr, jr., Haakon E. — Norwegian subject, born in Chris- 
tiania, Norway, Decembers, 1878; manufacturer; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Christiania October 
12, 1909. 

Dalmas, Felix Alexis— Born in Oak Lane, Pa., December 

25, 1873; attended public schools six years and studied 
electrical engineering; engaged in various business enter- 
prises in the L^nited States and Costa Rica, 1894-1904; en- 
gaged in literary work since 1904; appointed Consular 
Agent at Carrara May 2, 1910. 

Daly, William Edmund— British subject, born in Porto Rico 

July 20, 1866; cashierand superintendent of the NewTrini- 
dad Lake Asphalt Co., Brighton, Trinidad; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Brighton December 13, 1911. 

Damiani, Simon— Born in Corsica, i8.';7; naturalized citizen 
of the United States; merchant; appointed Consular Agent 
at Bastia December 30, 1886. 

Damm, Henry Christian Augustus — Born in West Bloom- 
field, Wis., January 19, 1874; home, Sewanee, Tenn.; at- 
tended parochial, public, and normal schools in Illinois; 
engaged in orange culture in Florida; taught in Florida 
public schools from 1898-1904; taught in the Sewanee 
(Tenn.) Military Academy, 1904-1909; B. A. and M. A. of 
the University of theSouth; appointed, after examination 
(April 7, 1908), Consul at Cornwall May 31, 1909; Consul at 
Stettin April 9, 1912. 

Daniels, Charles N. — Born in Barre, N. Y., July 2, 1849; 
home, Willimantic, Conn.; educated in public, private, and 
preparatory schools; postmaster of Willimantic, Conn., 
1890-1S94; judge of probate, 1897-1903; state auditor in 1903; 
appointed, after examination (September 24, 1903), Consul 
at Sheffield September 25, 1903; Consul at Sherbrooke 
August 22, 1912. 

D'Antin, Louis — Born in Paris, France, December 12, 1868; 
naturalized in Webb County, Tex., May 26, 1897; attended 
the public schools of El Paso, Tex., an English school at 
Chihuahua, Mexico, five years, the National Preparatory 
School, and the National School of Jurisprudence. Mexico 
City, six years; admitted to the bar in Texas; reporter on 
several newspapers in Mexico City; superintendent of 
public instruction, and owner of newspaper in Laredo, 
Tex., five years; appointed clerk in the American Embassy 
at Mexico City October 15, 1901. 

Davis, Ben Q. — Born in Shannon, 111., May 24, 1866; edu- 
cated in the public schools of Illinois, Mount Morris 
College, and Carthage College; appointed clerk in the 
War Department September 14, 1887, serving through all 
civil service grades to March 4, 1913; appointed confidential 
clerk to the Secretary of State March 5, 1913: Chief Clerk, 
Department of State, April 23, 1913, to be effective May i, 
1913- 

Davis, Bertha Sarah — Born in Gainsborough, Va. ; educated 
in public schools of Washington, D. C, Hagerstown Nor- 
mal High School, and private instruction for two years; 
typewriter in Washington, D. C; appointed clerk class 
one in the Department of State July 2, 1906, under the 
provisions of legislative act approved June 22, 1906; class 
two October i, 1913. 

Davis, John Ker— Born in China of American parents 
March 5, 1882; attended Pantops Academy (Virginia) two 
years, VVooster Academy two years. Wooster Univer- 
sity five years (B. A. and M. A.'); private secretary and 
tutor in China three years; instructorin Chinese commer- 
cial school; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Nanking 
December 10, 1909, but declined; appointed Deputy Consul- 
General at Shanghai April 14, 1910; appointed, after ex- 
amination (January 31, 1012), Student Interpreter in China 
March 12, 1912; Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at 
Shanghai June 7, 1913; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
and Interpreter at Canton September 16, 1913. 

Davis, Leslie Ammerton — Born in Port Jefferson, N. Y., 
April 24, 1876; home. Port Jefferson; graduated from Cor- 
nell University (Ph. B.), 1898; Columbian (now George 
Washington) University (LL. B.), 1904, and took a one 
year's course in international law at the New York Uni- 
versity law school; engaged in business, 1898-1901; while 
attending college and law school was engaged during 
summer vacations in journalism and conducting parties 
on extensive tours through Europe; engaged in the practice 
of law in New York City, 1904-1912; appointed, after ex- 
amination (June 27, 1910),' Consul at Batum March 13, 1912. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



67 



Davis, Marianna— Born in Ohio; educated in public schools 
of Jackson, Ohio, a normal school, and the Rartlett Com- 
mercial College of Cincinnati; stenographer and typewriter 
in Cincinnati; appointed clerk class one in the Depart- 
ment of State July 2, 1906, under the provisions of legis- 
lative act approved June 22, igo6; class two July i, iyo8. 

Davis, William Brownlee— Born in Rusk, Tex., December 

22, 1852; graduate (M. D.) of Washington University, St. 
Louis; printer's apprentice. i856-i86g; printer, editor, and 
publisher; engrossing clerk, Te.xas State Legislature, 1874; 
United States pension e.\aminerin Colorado, i8g5 1902; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Guadalajara Decemt^er 3, 1904; 
Vice and Deputy Consul September 30, 1908. 

Dawson, Claude Ivan— Born in Burlington, Iowa, October 

23, 1877; home, Anderson, S. C; attended the graded 
schools and Eastern High School, Washington, D. C., and 
studied one year at the Georgetown University law school; 
member of the District of Columbia militia two years; ser- 
geant, Company G^First District of Columbia V'olunteers, 
May to November, 189S; employed In various positions in the 
treasury department of the insular government of Porto 
Rico, 1899-1904; secretary of traction company in South 
Carolina, 1904-1908; examiner in Interstate Commerce 
Commission, 1908-igio; appointed, after examination (July 
7, rgoSK Consul at Puerto Cortes Jvine 24, 1910; Consul at 
\'alencia August 22, 1912. 

Dawson, George Brown— British subject, born in Cork, Ire- 
land, October 27, 1S43; shipping agent and surveyor of 
shipping and cargo; appointed Vice-Consul at Cork March 
j. 1871; retired January, 1886; appointed Deputy Consul 
December 17, 1902; Vice and Deputy Consul January 21, 
1908; retired September, 1909; appointed Deputy Consul 
August 28, igii. 

Dawson, James— British subject, born in Sault Ste. Ma- 
rie, Canada, April 15, 1879; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Sault Ste. Marie August 28, 1909. 

Dawson, jr., William— Born in St. Paul, Minn., August n, 
1885; educated at the L^niversity of Minnesota and I'Ecole 
Libre des Sciences Politiques, Paris; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at St. Petersburg March 28, 1908; 
Vice and Deputy Consul July i, 1908; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Barcelona August 24, 1908; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Frankfort September 26, 1910. 

Dean, Peter Johnson— British subject, born in England 
October 12, 1857; general merchant and importer; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Grenada December 16, i8gi. 

Dearing, Fred Morris — Born in Columbia, Mo., November 
ig. 1879: graduate of the University of Missouri (A. B.); 
took post-graduate course in jurisprudence and diplomacy 
in Columbian University; taught a district school in Mis- 
souri and in a military academy in St. Louis; translator in 
Po^t-Office Department and in the Department of .Agricul- 
ture, 1902; private secretary to the Envoy E.xtraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Cuba June, 1904; appointed, 
after e.xamination. Second Secretary of the Legation at 
Habana July 30, 1916; Second Secretary of the Legation at 
Peking .'\pril 6, 1907: Secretary of the Legation at Habana 
January 14, igog; Second Secretary of the Embassy at 
London February 18, igio; Secretary of the Embassy 
at Mexico City August 12, 1910; Assistant Chief of the 
Division of Latin-American .Affairs December 21, 1911; 
Secretary of the Legation at Brussels July 2, 1913. 

Debbas, John — Grecian subject, born at Tarsus, Turkey, 
November 25, 1863; engaged in business and industrial 
affairs; appointed Consular Agent at Mersine January 23, 
1907; Vice and Deputy Consul June 20, 1908. 

De Billier, Frederic Ogden— Born in New York City Decem- 
ber 16, 1857; graduate of Harvard Liniversity (A. B.); en- 
gaged in cattle ranching and in the banking business; 
home, Washington, D. C.; appointed, after examination 
(May I, 1908), Secretary of the Legation at Teheran June 
10, igo8; Secretary of the Legation to Greece and Monte- 
negro July 28, 1910. 

De Castro, Thome— Portuguese subject, born in Terceira, 
Azores, March 5, i88i; representative of steamship com- 
pany; appointed Consular Agentat Terceira, Azores, Janu- 
ary 4, igo8. 

Decker, Arthur J. — Born in Washington, D. C, April 23, 
1884; educated in public schools of Washington, and took 
courses at the Young Men's Christian Association, Na 
tional Shorthand College; graduate of National University 
law school, LL. B. (1910), LL. M. (rgii); collector in real- 
estate office two years; appointed special laborer in the 
Bureau of Equipment, Navy Department, February 4, 
1902; transferred as special laborer to the Bureau of Ord- 



nance April i3, 1904; transferred as clerk at $900 per annum 
to the Bureau of Construction and Repair November 3, 
1904; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
Igao per annum June 18, 1907; class one June i, 1908; class 
two January 21, 1913. 

Decker, Lewis Robertson -Born in Rochester, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 17, 1891; attended the public schools of Rochester; 
graduated from Phillips H^xeter Academy; attended the 
I'niversity of Rochester one year; studied law one year; 
attended Hamilton College six months; pursued study of 
international law; appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at 
Nottingham April 7, 1913. 

Deedmeyer, Frank— Born in Germany November 16, 1863; 
naturalized in New London, Conn., March rg, 1885; edu- 
cated in the public schools of Sasbach, Baden, by private 
tuition, and in the Latin school at Achern, Baden; taught 
languages, 1880-188-;; admitted to the bar in 1885; practiced 
law; resident of Birmingham, Ala.; appointed, after ex- 
amination (April 7, 1908), Consul at Charlottetown May 
31, 1909; Consul at Leghorn .August ig, igii; Consul at 
Prague September iS, 1913. 

Deichman, Carl Frederick— Born in St. Joseph, Mo., Novem- 
ber 23, 1871; home, St. Louis, Mo ; educated in the St. 
Louis public schools, business college, and by private tui- 
tion; employed by the Missouri Pacific Railway at St. 
Louis, the St. Louis & New Orleans Anchor Line, and 
in the Lafayette Brewery at St. Louis; employed under the 
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, i899-igo7; ap- 
pointed, after examination (March 14, igo7). Consul at 
Manzanillo March 30, 1907; Consul at Tansui May 4, 1908; 
Consul at Nagasaki May 31, igog. 

De Jong, Wiebe Pieter- Dutch subject, born in Java Octo- 
ber 27, 1867; manager ship agency; appointed Consular 
Agent at Macassar May 29, igo6. 

De Lashmutt, Donald Ayres— Born in Frederick, Md., De- 
cember 24, i88,; educated in public schools and at Char- 
lotte Hall Military Academy; graduate of Georgetown 
University law school (LL. B.\ igio; employed in Rich- 
mond, Va., and in lawyers' offices in Washington. D. C, 
igo4-5; appointed clerk in the War Department July 23, 
igo5; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
$goo July 21, igio; class one October 11, 1910. 

De Martini, Orestes— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., April 8, 1874; 
attended public schools in Brooklyn six years and Acad- 
emy of Commerce and Industry and high school in Trieste 
six years; in business in New York, 1892-1807; in commis- 
sion business in Europe, 1897-1908; appointed Deputy Con- 
sul at Trieste October 18, 1902; resigned .September i, 
1904; appointed Vice-Consul at Trieste May 23, 1907. 

De Masellis, Vincenzo — Italian subject, born in Naples 
October 2, 1873; lawyer; clerk in Naples and Rome Consu- 
lates; appointed Deputy Consul at Rome November 14, 1908. 

Dempster, Ernest J.— British subject, born in London Feb- 
ruary 16. 1879; accountant: secretary of the Anglo-Moroc- 
can Mining Syndicate (Ltd.) and official trustee in bank- 
ruptcy to the supreme court of Gibraltar for Morocco; 
appointed clerk in the American Legation at Tangier 
November 16, 1912. 

Denby, Charles — Born in Evansville, Ind., November 14, 
1 861; graduated from Princeton LTniversity; appointed 
Second Secretary of the Legation at Peking July i, 1885; 
First Secretary October 20, 1893; was Charge d'Affaires 
from March 17 to October 27, i8g4, and from May 14 to Au- 
gust I, 1896; resigned November, 1897; appointed secretary- 
general of the provisional government established by the 
allied powers for the district of Tientsin July 18, igoo; 
adviser to the Chinese Government, igo2-igo5; appointed 
Chief Clerk of the Department of State November 16, 1905: 
Consul-General at Shanghai .April 15, 1907; Consul-General 
at Vienna May 17, igog. 

Denison, Frank C. — Born in Rutland County, Vt., in 1850; 
home, Pittsford, Vt.; educated at Middlebury, Vt.; en- 
gaged in mercantile business in 1871; member of Vermont 
state legislature in i886; postmaster for seventeen years; 
appointed, after examination (June 15, 1897), Consul at 
Woodstock June 28, 1897; Consul at Fernie June 10, 1908. 

Denntson, Edwin Maldeman— Born in Columbus, Ohio, Oc- 
tober 28, 1872; home, Columbus; educated in the Harcourt 
School, Gambler, Ohio, St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., 
and Yale College; employed in the Indian Service and un- 
der the Department of the Interior; appointed, after ex- 
amination (November 4, 1903"), Commercial Agent at Ri- 
mouski November 7, 1903; Consul at Bombay June 22, 1906; 
Consul at Dundee December 19, igio. 



68 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Derulle, Desire— Citizen of Luxemburg, born February lo, 
1876; employed in a general insurance, banking, and 
steamship office; appointed Consular Agent at Luxem- 
burg January II, IQI^. 

De Sauvanne, Leon Bbhm— German subject, born in Weimar, 
Germany, July 15, 1878; artist; clerk in the Consulate at 
Leghorn since December i, 1912; appointed \'ice and 
Deputy Consul at Leghorn January 4, 1913. 

De Savigny, William Horatio— Born in Quebec September 
24, i860; naturalized in Ramsey County, Minn., December 

10, 1892; educated in public schools of Ontario; coffee 
grower and manager; appointed Consular Agent at Mata- 
galpa January 24, 1905. 

De Soto, Hernando— Born in Jena, Germany, of American 
parents, August 9, 1866; educated by private instructors in 
Rome, 1874 1879, and at college in Paris and Jena, 1879- 
1884; appointed Deputy Consul at Chemnitz June 20, 1889; 
Deputy Consul at Dresden July 3, 1891; Deputy Consul- 
General October 20, 1892; Consular Clerk February 7, 
1902; also Vice and Deputy Consul-Gcneral at St. Peters- 
burg April 18, 1902; Vice-Consul at Warsaw November 

11, 1902; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at St. Peters- 
burg July 17, 1903; retired as Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at St. Petersburg November, 1903; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at St. Gall December 15, 
1903; detailed to the Consulate-General at Paris Decem- 
ber, 1905; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Paris No- 
vember 23, 1906; Vice-Consul-Generai at St. Gall May 22, 
1907; Consul at Warsaw August 15, 1907; Consul at Riga 
June 10, 1908; Consul at Palermo June 24, 1910. 

Deverall, William A. — Born in Stapleton, N. Y., October 
II, 1878; educated in the public and preparatory schools 
of New York and at Manhattan College; served one year 
in the volunteer service of the United States; served seven 
years in the Seventh New York Infantry; clerk in New 
York several years; bookkeeper and later manager of 
New Orleans & Central American Trading Co. (Ltd.) 
seven years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at San 
Juan del Norte July 28, 1903; resigned March, 1904; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Cape Gracias a Dios 
September 6, igo6; resigned February, 1907; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Bluefields October 2, 1911. 

De Young, Dirk Poss— Born in Buffalo, Kans., March 13, 
1880; graduate of Lincoln Business College and of Ne- 
braska State University (A. B.), 1907; commercial traveler 
for International Harvester Co. in the United States 
and abroad during vacations for seven years; in account- 
ing department one year; formerly editor and owner of 
the San Marcial (N. Mex.) Standard; associate editor 
of the Daily Nebraskan, 1904; editorial writer on the Post 
Democrat and special correspondent for the Daily and 
Sunday Nebraska State Journal, all of Lincoln, Nebr.; 
appointed Deputy Consul at Santos November 28, 1908; 
Vice and Deputy Consul March 22, 1909; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Amsterdam December 24, 1909. 

Dick, Hazell Hutchison — Born in Rock Hill, S. C, June 29, 
1888; educated in public schools of Sumter, S. C, and spent 
two and a half years at the L'nited States Naval Academy; 
member of the National Guar^, South Carolina; home, 
Sumter, S. C; appointed, after examination (January 30, 
igii). Consular Assistant March 10, 1911; Deputy Consul- 
General at Yokohama May 17, 1911; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Yokohama June 11, 1912. 

Dickinson, Frank Augustus — Born in Mexico of American 
parents October 3, 1868; graduate of Alamo City Busi- 
ness College, 1887; importer of American machinery and 
agricultural implements; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at San Luis Potosi September 30, 1908. 

Dickinson, Horace Jewell— Born in Arkansas City, Ark., Oc- 
tober 26, 1885; attended the public schools of Arkansas 
and the University of Arkansas three years; stenographer 
and typewriter, Bureau of Customs and Immigration, Phil- 
ippine Islands, 1905-1909; appointed Marshal of the Consu- 
lar Court at Canton July 6, 1909. 

Didier, Louis Henry Rene -French citizen, born in Fort de 
France, Martinique, August 25, 1885; commission mer- 
chant; appointed Consular Agent at Cayenne November 
9, igio. 

Diederich, Henry W.— Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., November 
13, 184.S; attended public and parochial schools; graduated 
from Concordia College, Fort Wayne, i866; from Concor- 



dia Seminary, St. Louis, 1869; took a post-graduate course 
at Columbian University, Washington, D. C; entered the 
ministry in 1870; professor of English language and litera- 
ture in Concordia College, 1873-1889; appointed Consul at 
Leipzig July 9, 1889; retired April, 1893; appointed Consul 
at Magdeburg July 19, 1897; Consul at Bremen October 
27, 1899; Consul-General at Antwerp June 22, igo6. 

Dietzman, Frederick John— Born in Clinton, Mass., July 29, 
1872: graduate (A. B.) of Holy Cross College of Worces- 
ter, Mass., 1894; studied at University of Leipzig, 1896-1900; 
clerk in American Consulate at Chemnitz; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Chemnitz November 28, 1900; Con- 
sular Agent at Sonneberg January 30, 1909. 

Dill, Harry P.— Born in Phillips, Me., July 11, 1845; home, 
Phillips; attended public school and graduated from West- 
brook Seminary in 1866; engaged in civil engineering; ap- 
pointed Consul at Fort Erie February i, 1881; Commercial 
Agent at Sorel March 23, 1882; Consul at Guelph Febru- 
ary 15, 1883; retired October, 1885; appointed Commercial 
Agent at Lindsay, Ontario, October 27, i8qi; Commercial 
Agent at Orilha July 23, 1892; Commercial Agent at Palm- 
erston August 16, 1892; retired November 8, 1893; appointed 
Commercial Agent at Port Hope May 4, 1897; Consul May 
21, 1900; Consul at Orillia June 10, 1908. 

Dillingham, Frank— Born in Vermont, December 9, 1848; 
received an academic education; deputy collector of in- 
ternal revenue; justice of the peace; general agent for the 
Southern Pacific and other railroads for many j'ears; vice- 
president of the Home Insurance Co., secretary and gen- 
eral manager of the Consumers' Distilled Water Ice Co. 
and director in the Jersey Farm Co. of San Francisco; 
president Pacific Coast Association Native Sons of V'er- 
mont seven years; appointed, after examination (June 15, 
1897), Consul at Auckland June 28, 1897; Consul-General 
March 2, 1903; Consul at Ai.\ la Chapelle September 9, 
1905; Consul-General at Coburg January 4, 1906; Consul- 
General at Winnipeg September 18, 1913. 

Doherty, Charles Wylie — Born in Jackson, Miss., January 5, 
1857; attended the public schools of Mississippi and the 
University of Mississippi one term; member of the State 
Legislature of Mississippi eight years; telegraph operator 
sixteen years; stenographer in Memphis, Tenn., two years; 
farmer and merchant at Tunica, Miss., fourteen years; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Cartagena August 
13. 1913- 

Donaghy, John— British subject, born in Canada, 1846; in 
business; appointed Vice-Consul at St. John's, Quebec, 
April 21, 1875; Vice and Deputy Consul February 26, 1890. 

Donaldson, Chester— Born in Ovid, N. Y., March 28, 1862; 
home. New York City; educated at Gilbertsville (N. Y.) 
Academy and Hamilton College; taught at Riverview 
Academy, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and the Berkeley School 
in New York City; was principal of the West End School, 
New York; engaged in engineering; was connected 
with the Nicaraguan Canal Commission; employed 
as a military engineer by the Nicaraguan Government; 
served in the Twenty-second Regiment, New York State 
National Guard; appointed, after examination (October 
29, 1897), Consul at Managua January 14, i8g8; Consul at 
Port Limon November 25, 1905. 

Donegan, Alfred William— Born in Huntsville, Ala., March 
3, 1883; home, Mobile, Ala,; attended private schools nine 
years, the University of Virginia one year, and the Uni- 
versity of Virginia law school three years; studied in Aus- 
tria, 1904-5; appointed Consular Agent at Brijnn, Austria, 
May 10, 1905; resigned June 30, 1907; bookkeeper in bank 
in Mobile, Ala., 1907; appointed, after examination (April 
7, igo8). Consular Assistant June 24, 190S; Deputy Consul- 
General at Budapest September 30, 1908; Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul at Algiers April .jo, 1909; Deputj- Consul-Gen- 
eral at Montreal February i, loio; Consul at Magdeburg 
June 24, iQio. 

Dooman, Eugene Hoffman— Born in Osaka, Japan, March 
25, i8go; father naturalized during his minority; home, 
New York City; attended Trinity School, New York, two 
years; Trinity College, Hartford, Conn , four years (B. S.); 
Columbia L^niversity one year; appointed, after examina- 
tion (January 31, igi2\ Student Interpreter in Japan March 
12, igi2. 

Dorsey, William Henry — Born September 5, i86g; employed 
in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, 1906-1911; 
transferred to the Department of State as assistant mes- 
senger, under Civil Service rules, November 24, 1911. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



69 



Dorsey, William Rodericit - Born in Newmarket, Md., Octo- 
ber S, i863; home, Haltimore, Md.; graduate of University 
of Maryland law school, 1893; practiced law in Baltimore, 
1894-1896; afterward engaged in various business enter- 
prises in New York, London, and Sl'.anghai; api)ointed 
Deputy Consul-Gcneral at Shanghai January 14, 1907; 
also Marshal August 13, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General June 25, 1908; retired as Marshal July 31, 1908; ap- 
pointed, after examination (June 27, igiol. Consul at Jerez 
de la Frontera August 22, 1912. 

Dos Santos, Joaquim Moreira Alves Born in Maranhao, 
Brazil, June 6, 1S83; managing director of a cotton mill; 
appointed Consular Agent at Maranhao October 17, igo8. 

Doty, William Furman— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Decem- 
ber I, 1S70; home, Princeton, N. J.; attended the public 
schools of Brooklyn and Washington, and the Lawrence- 
ville (N. J.) Preparatory School, Princeton University, 
and Princeton Theological Seminary; page in Senate 
two years; private secretary, 1886 87; teacher; minister; 
employed as clerk in the American Consulate at Tahiti in 
1900; appointed, after examination (July 29, 1902), Consul 
at Tahiti July 31, 1902; Consul at Tabriz June 22, 1906; 
Consul at Riga June 24, igio. 

Doubleday, Harry Mather— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Febru- 
ary 5, 1855: educated in public schools, Polytechnic Insti- 
tute (Brooklyn), and Massachusetts Agricultural College; 
engaged in commercial engineering and manufacturing; 
appointed Consular Agent at Montego Bay June 3, 1907. 

Dough ten, John Preston— Born in Wilmington, Del., May 
25, 18S6; educated in various schools and spent two years 
in University of Virginia; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul (and clerk) at Burslem November 9, igo8; Deputy 
Consul at Kobe August 23, 1910. 

Dox, Ralph Watson— Born in Lockport, N. Y., May 9. 1885; 
attended Columbia University six years, receiving the 
degrees of A. B., A. M., LL. B.; University of Paris one 
semester. University of Breslau one semester, and the Uni- 
versity of Erlangen two semesters; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Nuremberg October 11, igio. 

Doyle, John F.— Born in Paris Hill, N. Y., May 20, 1873; 
educated at Clayville (N. Y.) Union School and the Tem- 
ple School of Shorthand and Typewriting in Washing- 
ton, D. C; served in United States Army, 1898-1901; with 
two business concerns in Chicago, iqoi-rgo6; appointed 
watchman in the State, War, and Navy Department Build- 
ing at $720 per annum September i, igo6; appointed clerk 
in the Department of State at $900, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, July 28, 1909; permanently at same 
salary January 28, igio; at $1,000 October 5, 1911; class one 
August I, 1913. 

Dreher, Julius Daniel — Born in Lexington County, S. C. 
October 28, 1846; educated in private schools and academies 
in South Carolina; graduated from Roanoke College (A. B., 
1871; A. M., 1874); Ph. D., Williams College, 1881; LL. D., 
Roanoke College, 1905; served as private and lieutenant 
Confederate Army; taught school for three years; was a 
professor and financial secretary, Roanoke College, 1871- 
1878, and presidentof Roanoke College, 1878-1903; author of 
published addresses on educational topics; appointed, after 
examination (July 26, 1906), Consul at Tahiti August 2, igo6; 
Consul at Port Antonio June 24, 1910. 

Dreier, Caspar Ludwig — Born in Des Moines County, Iowa, 
September 10, i83o; attended the public schools and Shinn 
College of Muscatine, Iowa; served as private in Iowa 
National Guard three years; appointed Deputy Consul- 
General at Panama April 11, 1907; resigned June 30, 1908; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Panama 
March II, 191 1 ; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Singa- 
pore February 7, 1913. 

Dreyfus, jr., Louis Goethe-Born in Santa Barbara, Cal., 
November 23, 1889; attended the Hotchkis School three 
years; graduated from Yale University, B. A. (1910), M. A. 
(1911); took summer course at the Alliance Franc^aise, igio; 
home, Santa Barbara, Cal.; appointed, after examination 
(June 27, Tgiol, Consular Assistant December 20, 1910; Dep- 
uty Consul-General at Berlin March 16, igii; Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Callao May 27, 1912; Consular Agent at 
Quibdo July 5, 1913. 

Drissel, Roger S. — Born in Kellers Church, Pa., June 30, 

1877; educated in public schools of Pennsylvania, West- 
chesterState Normal School, Perkiomen Seminary, Schiss- 
ler Business College, and Bethany College; teacher in pub- 
lic schools of Pennsylvania four years; appointed special 



laborer at $2 per diem, on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, in the Ijureau of yards and docks. League Island 
Navy-Yard, August 7, 1900; permanently February 7, 
1901; at $2.48 per diem February 19, 1903; transferred 
to the oflice of the United States Superintending Naval 
Constructor, New York Shipbuilding Co., Camden, N. J., 
at $2.80 per diem. May 24, igo6; resigned March rg, igo7; 
appointed clerk at $900, on probation, under Civil Serv- 
ice rules, in the Department of State, March ig, igoy; at 
Ji.ooo September 3, 1907; class one July i, 1908; class two 
December i, igog. 

Duder, Edward P.W. -British subject, born in Bahia, Brazil, 
May 2, 1872; senior partner in a firm of exporters and im- 
porters in Bahia; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Bahia October 28, 1913. 

Dugan, Henry P.— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 3, 1872; 
educated in St. Patrick's School, Philadelphia; telegraph 
operator; appointed telegraph operator in the Treasury 
Department for three months in igo6; clerk in the Weather 
Bureau, Department of Agriculture, January i, igo7, at 
$1, coo per annum; transferred and appointed clerk in the 
Department of State at $900, under Civil Service rules, 
January 17, igio; class one July i, 1911. 

Dumont, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen — Born in Phillipsburg, 
N. J., March 17, iS6g; liome, Lancaster, Pa.; educated at 
public schools and Lafayette College (C. E. and M. S.); 
engineer, 1889-1901; banker, directing engineer, and man- 
ager of estate, igoi-igii; appointed, after examination 
(June 27, igio). Consul at Guadeloupe August ig, 1911; Con- 
sul at Madrid August 22, 1912. 

Duncan, James L. — Born in Waterbury, Conn., September 
II, 1866; attended high school and business college; em- 
ployed as clerk in the municipal government of Waterbury, 
Conn.; appointed copyist at $720 in the Patent Office De- 
cember 7, 1896; transferred to the Department of State as 
clerk at $900 April 14, 1900; class one July i, 1901; class two 
July I, 1903; class three August 22, 1912. 

Dunn, George M.— Born in Indiana March 20, 1856; ap- 
pointed major First United States Volunteer Cavalry May 
g, i8q8; honorably mustered out September 15, 1898; ap'- 
pointed major judge advocate United States Volunteers 
April 17, iSug, and vacated April 2, igor, upon his appoint- 
ment as major judge advocate of the Regular Army; pro- 
moted lieutenant colonel November 22, 1903; colonel Feb- 
ruary 20, 1913 ; assigned to duty as Military Attache at 
Rome November 29, igii. 

Dunning, James Edmund— Born in Bangor, Me., October 2, 
1873; educated at public school and Bowdoin College 
(Maine); city editor of Bangor (Me.) Commercial, i8g5- 
igoi; managing editor of Brockton Times, igoi; editor of 
Portland Press, Advertiser, and Sunday Times, 1901 1905; 
special representative. National Board of Trade of the 
United States, at Brussels in igog; member, permanent 
committee. International Chambers of Commerce, 1910; 
appointed, after examination (April 8, 1905), Consul at 
Milan April 11, igos; Consul at Havre May 31, igog; on 
special detail in the United States in the interest of trade 
extension and to interest business men in American Section 
at the International Exposition of Industry and Labor to 
be held at Turin in igii, Junegto October 19, igio; on spe- 
cial duty in the United States in connection with the 
Twelfth International Congress of Navigation at Phila- 
delphia May-June, 1912; Consul-General at Large August 
22, 1912. 

Durant, James iWaxwell— Born in Grand Gulf, Miss., Sep- 
tember 23, 1854; attended school in New Orleans, La., and 
New Haven, Conn.; graduated from the Highland Mili- 
tary Academy, Worcester, Mass., and the Columbia Law 
School, Washington, D. C; member of the bar of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia; employed as clerk in law firm; appointed 
in the Department of State in connection with foreign 
trade and treaty relations September 24, 1909; clerk at 
$1,000 August 24, 1912, under the provisions of Executive 
order of August 24, 1912. 

Duras, Victor Hugo— Born in Wilber, Nebr., May 6, 1880; 
graduate of the University of Nebraska (LL. B.l, Co- 
lumbian University (LL. M.), George Washington Uni- 
versity (D. C. L. and M. Dip.); employed in real-estate 
office one year; deputy clerk of the district court one 
year; clerk in the National Bank of Wilber, Nebr., two 
years; municipal treasurer. Isthmian Canal Commission, 
one year; acting judge of the Cristobal District Court; 
engaged in the practice of law in New York City, 1907-1913; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Liege August 5, 
1913. 



70 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Durham, Cleophas Hunt— British subject, born on Turks 
Island November 22, i860; importer; appointed Consular 
Agent at Cockburn Harbor July i, 1856. 

Dwigbt, Theodore F.— Born in Auburn, X. V., June n, 1846; 
educated in i>ublic schools, by private tutors, and at the 
Collegiate Institute, Rochester, X. V'.; appointed clerk of 
class one in the Department of State April 3, 1875; class 
two July I, 1875; appointed Chief of the Bureau of Rolls 
and Library August 5, 1882; retired May 31, 1888; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Vevey March 28, 1904. 

Dyar, Charles Bowker— Born in Cambridge, Mass., April 
6, 1884; attended the public schools of Cambridge, Cam- 
bridge Latin School, 1897-98, Newton High School, 1898- 
igo2,and Harvard College, 1902-3; expert preparator. Bu- 
reau of Entomology, Department of Agriculture. 1905-6; 
appointed clerk in the America Embassy at Berlin Decem- 
ber 27, 1906. 

Dye, John Walter — Born in Winona, Minn., February 4, 
1878; home, Winona; graduate of the University of Minne- 
sota (A. B.), 1904; spent one year at George Washington 
University; occupied various clerical positions; physical 
director, Minnesota Agricultural School and the V. M. C. A. 
at Terre Haute; appointed, after examination (July 9, 1906), 
Consular Clerk July 21, iqo6; Deputy Consul-General at 
Berlin December 18. 1906; Consular Assistant July i, 1908; 
Deputy Consul-General at Genoa November 25, 1908; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General May 10, 1909; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Boma December 30, igio; Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Smyrna December 13, 1911. 

Dyson, Charles E. — Born September 29, 1872; appointed 
assistant messenger in the Department of State, on pro- 
bation, under Civil Service rules, October 15, 1907; per- 
manently April 15, 1908. 

Eager, George Eugene— Born in Enfield, Mass., March 15, 
1859; home, Chicago, 111.; educated in the public schools at 
Northampton, Mass., the high school and commercial col- 
lege at New Haven, Conn ; studied four years in Ger- 
many; instructor in Lake Forest University, Illinois, for 
thirteen years; appointed, after e,xamination (March 10, 
1906), Consul at Barmen March 29, 1906. 

Easton, Henry Oliver— Born in Mehoopany, Pa., December 
18,1879; high-school graduate; telegraph operator for five 
vears; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Port Limon 
September 30, 1905. 

Eaton, Paul Webster— Born in Portland, Me., December 27, 
1861; educated in private schools in Washington, D. C, 
and at Marietta Academy, and graduated from Marietta 
College, 1882; appointed clerk class one. War Department, 
January 2, 1883; resigned July, 1892; reappointed at $r, 000 
October, 1892; class one May, 1893; transferred to Gen- 
eral Land Office, Department of the Interior, as account- 
ant, April, 1894, and promoted to class two; transferred 
to Post-Office Department March, i8g8; transferred to 
Treasury Department May, 1900; class three July i, 1901 ; 
transferred to Department of State as clerk class four 
July I, 1904; class three June 23, igoq, to take effect July i, 
igog. 

Eberhardt, Charles Christopher— Born in Salina, Kans., July 
27, 1871; horhe, Salina; educated in public schools of Salina 
and at Wesleyan University; engaged in the insurance 
business; was employed in the American Embassy at 
Me.xico; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Mexico City October 29, 1904; Consul at Iquitos May 24, 
igo6; Consul at Barranquilla May i, 1908; Consul-General 
at Large January 12, igio. 

Ebert, Albert 0. — Born in Allegheny, Pa., December 27, 
1886; attended public school eight years, high school two 
years, and business college three months; stenographer 
and clerk for various business houses, 1903-1909; clerk in 
the United States Geological Survey, Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan- 
uary 18 to September 15, 1909; clerk in the Consulate at 
Halifax since September 14, igog; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Halifax July 6, igio; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Buenos Aires January g, 1912; 
resigned, to take effect May i, 1913; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Montevideo July 15, 1913. 

Eckhardt, Alexander— Born in Germany in 1850; naturalized 
in New York City; merchant; appointed Consular Agent 
at Kiinigsberg March 13, 1899. 

Eddowes, Charles Kirk- British subject, born in England 
May 13, 1831; solicitor; appointed Consular Agent at 
Derby October 13, 1S82. 

Edelman, Samuel- Born in Plnladelphia, Pa., February 
12, 1885; home, Philadelphi.i; educated in Philadelphia 
public schools. University of Pennsylvania, and Military 
Academy, West Point; commandant in Hudson River 



Military Academy; second lieutenant Second Regiment, 
National Guard, Pennsylvania; on eligible list, after ex- 
amination, as first lieutenant volunteer infantry. United 
States Army; appointed, after examination (Mays, 1909), 
Student Interpreter in Turkey June 2, 1909; detailed for 
duty at the Consulate-General at Constantinople May 23, 
igii; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Constantinople 
July 14, ign; Interpreter to the Consulate-General at Con- 
stantinople January 24, igi2; Vice and Deputy Consul and 
Interpreter at Jerusalem August 26, 1912. 

Edwards, Clement Stanislaus- Born in New York City 
March 4, 1869; educated in schools of New Brunswick and 
Minnesota; practiced law in Albert Lea, Minn , several 
years; city attorney of Albert Lea live years; member of 
Albert Lea Charter Commission eight years; captain Com- 
pany I, Twelfth Regiment, Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, 
i8j8; in real-estate business; newspaper owner and editor 
in Albert Lea for several years; home, Albert Lea, Minn.; 
appointed, after examination (January 16, 1911), Consul at 
Acapulco March 2, igir. 

Edwards, Isaac — Born April 26, 1882; appointed temporary 
laborer at |66o for a term of three months in the office of 
the Secretary of War October 9, 1899; assistant messenger 
in the Department of State July 2, 1906. 

Edwards, Thomas D.— Born in Floyd, N. \^, in April, 1849; 
home, Lead, S. Dak.; educated at Rome, N. Y.; editor of 
daily newspaper for twenty years; postmaster at Lead, 
S. Dak., 18S3-1886, and held various municipal offices; ap- 
pointed, after examination (June 26, 1905), Consul at Ciu- 
dad Juarez June 30, 1905. 

Egan, Maurice Francis— Born in Philadelphia May 24, 1852; 
graduate of La Salle College, A. M., 1873; A- M-. Notre 
Dame, 1S78; LL. D , Georgetown University, 1879; J. U. D., 
Ottawa University, 1891; Ph. D., Villanova College, 1907; 
subeditor McGee's Weekly, i877-i87g; Catholic Review, 
1879-80; editor Freeman's Journal, 1880-1888; professor of 
English literature. University of Notre Dame, i888-i8g5; 
in catholic L'niversity of America, 1895-1907; author and 
translator of many books; appointed Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Denmark June 10, 1907. 

Ek, Victor— Russian subject, born in Finland October 21, 
1858; shipowner and coal importer since 1885; appointed 
Vice-Consul at Helsingfiirs January 7, 1898; Consular 
Agent June 30, igo6. 

Elford, Albert Harry- British subject, born in England, 
March 30, 1870; shipping agent; appointed Consular Agent 
at Oran November 7, igob. 

El Khazen, Michael A.— Ottoman subject, born in Syria 

July 30, 1875; clerk and interpreter in the Consulate-Gen- 
eral at Tangier. 

Eller, Wilber Jacob— Born in McDaniel, Md., July 10, 1886; 
educated in public schools and Baltimore Business College; 
stenographer in various business concerns in Baltimore, 
1903-igog; in the Navy pay office, Norfolk, 1909-10; in the 
United States Naval Station, Guantanamo, igio-1912; in 
Navy Department, 1912; appointed clerk in the American 
Legation at Santiago, Chile, December 7, 1912. 

Elwell, Francis Bolton— Born in Wilmington, Del., Feb- 
ruary 5, 1886; attended the public schools of Connecticut, 
1894-1898; Norwich (Conn.) Free Academy, 1898-1902; Yale 
University, igo2-igo6 (A. B); employed in various capaci- 
ties by railroad companies in the United States, Panama, 
and Uruguay, igo7-i9i2; appointed clerk in the American 
Legation at Montevideo .■\ugust 8, 1912. 

Endicott, Francis Munroe- Born in New Y'ork City Octo- 
ber 17, 1879; graduate of St. Mark's School and Harvard 
University (A. B.), 1905; spent two years at the Harvard 
law school; engaged in banking business in New York 
City; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Cairo October 
31, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Cairo April 
13, 1908; appointed, after examination (February, igog). 
Secretary of the Legation at Santo Domingo August 4, 
1909; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General at 
Santo Domingo July 6, igii; Secretary of the Legation at 
Christiania February i, 1912. 

Engert, Adolph Van Hemert- Born in V'ienna, Austria, of 
Dutch parents December 31, 1S87; naturalized in Alameda 
County, Cal , September, igio; home, Berkeley, Cal.; pre- 
pared for college under private tutors; attended the Gym- 
nasium in Zurich, Switzerland, three years; high school, 
Ferndale, Cal., one year; graduated from University of 
California, Litt. B. (igfSI, Litt. M.dgog); studied law,igo8- 
igii; Teaching Fellow in History, L'niversity of California, 
igog-igii; Le Conte Memorial Fellow, Harvard University, 
1911-12; appointed, after examination (January 31, 1912), 
Student Interpreter in Turkey March 12, 1912. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT 



71 



Entenmann, Ernest— Born in Germany January 20, 1876; 
naturalized in King's County court, New York, July 28, 
1899; clerk in Stuttgart Consulate since September 15, 
1901; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Stuttgart 
March 18, 1907. 

Ernster, John Joseph Born in Weimerskirch, Luxeniburj;:, 
August 9, 1874; naturalized in New York November, 1905; 
attended school in Luxemburg ten years and in Iowa one 
year; private in the United States Volunteer Army, 1899- 
1901; court interpreter and translator at Iloilo, Philippine 
Islands, igoi- 1905; clerk. Bureau of Statistics, Department 
of Commerce and Labor, 1005 1907; clerk in the American 
Legation at San Salvador, 1907-1909; appointed Vice- 
Consul-General at San Salvador July 3, igo8; resigned 
January 31, 1909; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Liinoges October 12, igii. 

Esteva, Jose Maria — Born in San German, Porto Rico, 
April 29, 1S60; educated in the public schools of Porto 
Rico; manager for firm of bankers and brokers at Puerto 
Plata; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Puerto Plata 
December 21, igoo. 

Evans, Rice Kemper— Born in Franklin, Ohio, February 3, 
1879; graduate of Miami Medical College, 1902; practiced 
medicine, 1962-1909; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Sheffield April 26, igoq. 

Evans, William Davis— Born November 30, 18S4; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State December 23, igog; as- 
sistant messenger June 22. 1910; reappointed August 24, 
1912, under the provisions of Executive order of August 
24, 1912. 

Ewing, John — Born in Mobile, Ala., June 24, 1857; home. 
New Orleans, La.; educated in private schools; clerk and 
law student in lawyer's office, 1871-1878; clerk and deputy 
register of chancery court for the southwest chancery dis- 
trict of Alabama, i878-i8g2; collection teller in bank in St. 
Louis, 1S93; clerk and deputy collector of customs at 
Mobile, 1894-1905; customs broker, 1906-7; land agent and 
road overseer. Mobile, 1908-9; connected with the Daily 
States of New Orleans, 1909-1913; appointed Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Honduras 
September 10, 1913. 

Fairall, Albin F. — Born November 25, 1864; appointed la- 
borer in the Department of State June 14, i8g8; assistant 
messenger July i, 1902. 

Fairbanks, William Leroy— Born in Georgetown, Mass-, 
March 21, 1881; attended the public and high schools of 
Massachusetts and took a three months' course at Eastman 
Business College; held various clerical positions in George- 
town, Mass., Toledo, Ohio, and Nashua, N. H., 1898-1908; 
clerk in the Department of State April, 1908, to December, 
igog; appointed clerk in the American Legation at Peking 
December 21. 1909; clerk in the American Embassy at 
London January i, igii. 

Faulkner, George M. — Born in Saxton, Pa., October 31, 
1859; attended high school at Milroy, Pa., and graduated 
from the University of Maryland (D. D. S.); dentist; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Dawson August 27, 
1913- 

Faulkner, Matthew Qrover— Born in Mercer, Mo., February 
10, 1885; home, Mercer; public-school education; assistant 
railway station agent, IMercer, Mo., 1902-3; in the United 
States Marine Corps, 1904-1908; appointed Marshal at 
Mukden March 27, 1908. 

Fazel, Mahomed— British subject, born in India, April, 1858; 
employed by mercantile firm; appointed Deputy Consul at 
Maskat January 10, 1893; Vice and Deputy Consul June 
26, 1907. 

Feddersen, Qustave Carl— German subject, born in Rio 
Grande do Sul November 9, 1884; manager for a firm of 
importers and exporters; appointed Consular Agent at 
Rio Grande do Sul January 8, 1913. 

Fee, William Thomas— Born in Niles, Ohio, in 1855; home, 
Warren, Ohio; attended preparatory and normal schools; 
graduated from Lafayette College, Easton. Pa., in 1876, 
and attended the University of Giittingen; admitted to the 
Ohio bar in 1880; was solicitor of Niles, Ohio; mayor of 
Warren City, Ohio, 1891-1895; memberand president of the 
Warren City board of health five years: appointed, after 
examination (January ig, 1898), Consul at Cienfuegos March 
I, 1898; retired April, 1898; appointed Consul at Bombay 
January 31, 1899; Consul at Bremen June 22, 1906. 



Fenstermacher, Harvey E.— Born near Cressona, Schuylkill 
County, Pa., Martli 15,1892; educated in the public schools 
of Schuylkill County and the Schissler College f>f Business, 
Norrihtown, Pa.; teacher in the public schools of Schuyl- 
kill County one term; stenographer in the office of a coal 
and coke company one month; appointed clerk \n the De- 
partment of State at $900, on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, June 17, igii; permanently at same salary December 
16, 191 1. 

Fernandez, Albert H.- British subject, born in Gibraltar, 
Spain, March 17, 1883; clerk in the American Consulate at 
Jerez de la Frontera, igo8-igii; appointed Viceand Deputy 
Consul at Jerez de la Frontera November 8, igii. 

Ferris, jr., Cornelius -Born in Hillsdale, Mich., March 26, 
1866; attended Johns Hopkins University, and graduated 
in law from Harvard L^niversity (LL. Ii.)in 1893; employed 
as bank clerk; admitted to the Denver(Colo.) bar in 1892; 
practiced law; resident of Fort Collins, Colo.; cityattorney 
of Fort Collins for four years; appointed, after examina- 
tion (April 7, 1908), Consul at Asuncion May 31, igog. 

Festner, Julius— Born in Omaha, Nebr., February 2, 1890; 
attended Kearney Military Academy, Kearney, Nebr., one 
year, Creighton University High School, Omaha, four 
years, and graduated from' Creighton University, Omaha 
(A. B,), 1912; served six years in the Nebraska National 
Guard; student correspondent and reporter for the World- 
Herald, Omaha, 1911-12; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Barmen December 5, 1912. 

Fichardt, Arthur Emanuel— British subject, born in Orange 
Free State March 9, 1872; president Orange Free State 
Chamber of Commerce, justice of the peace, director in 
several companies; appointed Consular Agent at Bloem- 
fontein February 26, 1907. 

Fisher, Dwigfat Wilton— Born in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Septem- 
ber 27, 1883; educated in the public schools, business high 
school, and Columbian University, Washington, D. C; em- 
ployed as clerk to the principal of the Western Central 
High School for two years, and later as clerk to the Wash- 
ington board of education; appointed clerk at $900 in the 
Post-Office Department July 28, 1905; at $1,000 October 5, 
1908; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
$900. under Civil Service rules, January 14, igog; appointed 
at $1,000 May 9, 1910; class one April i, igii. 

Fisher, Fred Douglas— Born in Albany. Oreg., March i^, 

1874; home, Portland, Oreg.; educated in the public schools 
and at Albany College, Oregon; was employed as clerk; 
enlisted in the Second Oregon Volunteer Infantry; at- 
tached to the Quartermaster's Department, LInited States 
Army; appointed Vice-Consul at Nagasaki August 22, 1901; 
also interpreter August 22, 1901; Consul at Tansui Febru- 
ary 23, 1904; Consul at Harbin June 22, igo6; Consul at 
Newchwang January 21, igog; Consul-General at Mukden 
August 27, 1909. 

Fisher, James— British subject, born in England July 3, 
1885; clerk in Hull Consulate since July, 1907; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Hull March 23, igog. 

Fisher, Martin Beatfie— British subject, born in Hemming- 
ford, Quebec, January 2, 1881; teacher two years; merchant 
six years; engaged in the real-estate and insurance busi- 
ness; appointed Consular Agent at Hemmingford Sep- 
tember 20, igi2. 

Fitzgibbon, Joseph F.-Born in New York City April 25, 
18S8; attended the public schools of New York seven years; 
New York College Preparatory School three years; Shefiield 
Scientific School of Yale University three years; statistical 
clerk with a light and power company in New York two 
and one-half years; cost clerk with a manufacturing con- 
cern in New York one year, appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Quebec July 19, 1913. 

Fifzhugh, Lucy Stuart— Born in Mount Sterling, Ky.; edu- 
cated in schools of Lexington and graduated from Ken- 
tucky State University (A. B., .■\. M.t; took post-graduate 
courses in various subjects; taught Latin and English, 
Muir, Ky., German in high school, Bradford, Pa., French 
and Latin, Bolingbroke, Ga., and mathematics in high 
school, Muskegon, Mich.; private secretary to manager of 
Industrial School, Lexington; library assistant, Lexington 
Public Library; library cataloguer. Bureau of Labor, 
three months, 1911; appointed clerk in the Department of 
State at fgoo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
March 28, igii; at $1,000 May i, igii; class one April i, 
1913- 



72 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Fitzsimmons, Ward A. Born in Coal Bluff, Pa., February 
8, 1867; educated in public schools and by private tutors; 
telegraph operator, train despatcher, and railway agent, 
i886-i8q8; appointed clerk at Ji,.'oo in the Department of 
State June 27, 1898: continued permanently under Civil 
Service rules as amended May 2g, 1899; class two October 
I, 1901; class three July i, 1902; attached to the United 
States and Venezuelan Claims Commission, Caracas, as 
secretary to the United States Commissioner and special 
disbursing officer of the Commission May 12 to October 
20, 1903; clerk class four June 15. 1904. to take effect July 
I, 1904; designated as the representative of the Department 
of State on the General Supply Committee January 14,1909. 

Fleming, Alfred John — Born in Palmyra, Mo., April 20, iSsi; 
home, Braymer, Mo.; educated in the public schools and 
Louisville (Ky.t Baptist Seminary; editor and publisher; 
appointed, after examination (October 21, 1905), Commer- 
cial Agent at Stanbridge October 24, 1905; Consul at Aden 
June 22, 1906; Consul at Yarmouth March 30, 1907. 

Fleming, Rufus- Born in West Lebanon, Ind., in 1852; 
home, Cincinnati, Ohio; educated at the University of 
Michigan; became managing editor of the Cincinnati 
Times-Star; appointed, after e.xamination (October 4, 
1897), Consul at Edinburgh Octobers, 1897. 

Fleming, William Boyer— Born in Woodford County, Ky., 
April 3, 1844; attended Center College, Danville, Ky.; 
Llniversity of Toronto, Canada; University of Giittingen; 
and the University of Berlin; member of the House of 
Representatives of Kentucky, 1880-1882; member of the 
board of aldermen of the general council of Louisville, 
1884-85; presidential elector for the State at large (Ken- 
tucky), 1884; appointed associate justice of the United 
States court of the Territory of New Me.xico, 1885; rail- 
road commissioner of Kentucky, 1888-1892; law officer of 
the Treasury Department, 1894-1896; appointed a foreign 
trade adviser in the Department of State August 29, to 
take effect October i, 1913. 

Fletcher, Henry Prather—Born in Pennsylvania April 10, 
1873; by profession a lawyer; served in the army in Cuba, 
i8g8, and for two years in the Philippines as first lieu- 
tenant and battalion adjutant of the Fortieth Infantry; 
home. Chambersburg, Pa.; appointed Second Secretary of 
the Legation at Habana May 22, 1902; Second Secretary 
of the Legation at Peking April 29, 1903; Secretary of the 
Legation at Lisbon March 10, 1905; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Peking April 26, 1907: Envoy E.xtraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Chile December 21, 1909. 

Florandin, Joseph Oscar— French citizen, born in St. Bar- 
tholomew November i, 1876; shipping clerk; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Guadeloupe October 11, 1901. 

Flournoy, jr., Richard W.— Born in Hampden-Sidney, Va., 
May 20, 1878; attended Washington and Lee University 
three years and graduated from Columbian (now George 
Washington) L'niversity, (LL. B.) 1904 and (LL. M.) 1905; 
bank clerk in Washington, D. C, 1896-1898; teacher in 
Lewisburg, W. Va., and Emerson Institute, Washington, 
D. C, 1899-1903; appointed clerk in the Department of 
State at $goo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, July 
I, 1903; permanently at same salary December 31, 1903, to 
take effect January i, 1904; at |i,ooo May 24, 1905, to take 
effect July i, 1905; class one March i, igo6; class two July 
8, 1907; class three July i, 1908; Chief of the Bureau of 
Citizenship November 27, 1908, to take effect January i, 
1909. 

Folger, Howard Sidney — Born in Canada of American par- 
ents February- 10, 1867; railway and steamboat manager; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Kingston, Ontario, 
September 5, 1908; reappointed April 6, 1912. 

Folk, Joseph Wingate — Born in Brownsville, Tenn., Octo- 
ber 28, 1869; graduate of Vanderbilt LTniversity (LL. B.), 
1890; admitted to the bar, 1890; circuit attorney, St. Louis, 
1900-190^; governor of Missouri, 1905-1909; appointed So- 
licitor for the Department of State September 22, 1913. 

Foot, Walter R.— British subject, born in Ireland, i868; 
druggist; appointed Consular Agent at Parry Sound No- 
vember 2, 1892. 

Foote, Edward Kilbourne— Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, March 
4, 1857; graduated from Woodward High School, Cincin- 
nati, and studied art and allied courses in Paris four years; 
occupied for a number of years in travel, study, and art 
work in Europe and northern Africa; American Vice-Con- 
sul at Tangier, 1887; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Chemnitz December 5, 1912. 



Forman, Charles— Born in New Orleans, La., December 8, 
1866; home. New Orleans; attended University of Lou- 
isiana five years, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute two 
years, and graduate of Tulane University (LL. B.), 1889; 
practiced law in New- Orleans, 1889-1896; held various 
positions in customs service in New Orleans, 1896-1912; 
appointed, after examination (April i, 1912^ Consul at 
Turks Island August 23, 1912. 

Foster, John 0.— Born in Derby Line, Vt.. March 9, 1859; 
home, Derby; Line; graduated from Goddard Seminary, 
Barre, Vt., in 1876, and Tuft's College, lA. B.) 1880. and 
took a law courseat Boston University; admitted to the bar 
in 1881; director of the National Bank of Derby Line, Vt., 
1886-1894; director of Eastern Townships Bank of Canada, 
1894-1898; member of the Vermont State Legislature, 1892- 
1894; appointed Consul-General at Halifa.x June 23, 1897; 
Consul-General at Ottawa June 18, 1903. 

Foster, John Kemp— Born in New York City February 19, 
1864; hotel proprietor; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Newcastle, New South Wales, January 14, 1907. 

Fowler, John- Born in New York City May 9, 1858; edu- 
cated in the public schools of Massachusetts and at Phil- 
lips E.xeter Academy; was employed as clerk in the navy- 
yard at Washington, D. C; ship's writeronihe Ta//a/>oosa; 
was engaged in business in Boston for several years; ap- 
pointed Consul at Ningpo February 27, 1890; Consul at 
Chefoo May 26, i8g6; Consul-General February 2, 1904; re- 
appointed Consul June 10, igo8; Consul at Foochow March 
13, igi2. 

Fraga, Enrique— Spanish subject, born in Corunna April 
2g, 1867; manager of banking and ship-agency firm; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Corunna June2g, igo3; 
retired June 30, igo6; appointed Consular Agent November 
7, 1906. 

Frampton, Henry A.— Born in England in 1864; appointed 
Consular Agent at Roseau November 24, 1896. 

Frank, Victor Straus— Born in Boston, Mass., July i, 1873; 
educated in the schools of England and France; employed 
in. various clerical positions in Paris and London; mine 
prospector and engineer in South Africa and Me.xico; with 
the Isthmian Canal Commission, igo6-igoS; employed in 
the Paris offices of Associated Press, igo6-7; New York Sun, 
igo8-g; New York Herald, 1910-11; appointed clerk in the 
American Embassy at Paris August i, 191 1. 

Fraokenthal, Leo J.— Born in Boston, Mass., October 13, 
1878; educated in grammar and high schools; took special 
course in the University of Berne; in law office one year; 
foreign correspondent of American newspapers; clerk in 
the Consulate at Berne since March, 1898; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul March 13, igoo; Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Trieste October 12, 1907, but did not serve; reap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Berne June 30, igo8. 

Franklin, Lynn Winterdale- Born in Ocean Grove, N. J., 
June II, 1888; attended the public and high schools of 
Washington, D. C, 1895-1906; took business course, igog- 
igii; stenographer and clerk in lawyer's offices and with 
terminal company in Washington, igoe-igii; with office 
specialty concern, Denver, Colo., 1911; appointed clerk in 
the American Legation at Tegucigalpa January 9, 19x2. 

Frazer, Eugene Powell — Born in High Shoals, Ga., March 
13, 1865; attended private schools, L^niversity of Georgia 
two years, Columbian (now George Washington. L'niver- 
sity two years, and Atlanta Dental College one year 
(D. D. S.); employed by the board of education of Oconee 
County, Ga., 1891-92; in the Census Office, Washington, 
1893-1895; practiced dentistry in Washington seven years; 
retired from mining business in which he was engaged for 
several years; appointed Consular Agent at Lucerne June 
24, 1913, 

Frazer, jr., Robert — Born in Philadelphia December 8, 1878; 
attended Franklin School, Germantown., Pa,, two years; 
studied in Dresden, Ciermany, one year; attended the 
Protestant Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, four years; 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, four years; 
employed by banking firm in Porto Rico, i8gg-i9oi; was 
town councilman of Salinas, P. R., and assistant super- 
visor of elections in Porto Rico; engaged in cane planting 
in Porto Rico, igoi-igo8; appointed, after e.xamination 
(November 10, 190S), Consul at Valencia July 16, igog; 
Consul at Malaga August 22, 1912. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Frazier, Arthar Hugh — Born in Heidelberg, Germany, of 
American parents August 12, 1868; educated by tutor and 
graduate of Leliigh I'niversity, 1889; studied at University 
of Halle, at Royal College of Viticulture, Geisenheini, and 
at Fresinuis Chemical Laboratory, 1889 iSgi; vineyard 
owner in California, 1892-1898; in Volunteer Signal Corps, 
United States Army, 1898; assistant manager Central 
Aguirre, Porto Rico, 1901-1903; private secretary to two 
governors of Porto Rico, 1903 1907; appt)inted, after exami- 
nation ( May 14. 1907'), Secretary of the Legation and Consul- 
General at San Salvador August 5, 1908; Secretary of the 
Legation at Bogota February 18, 1910; Second Secretary of 
the Embassy at Vienna August 19, 1911; detailed as Charge 
d'Affaires at Rome and was in charge of the Embassy 
October 3 to October 12, 11)13. 

Frecker, George H.— French citizen, born in St. Pierre in 
1866; merchant; appointed Vice-Commercial Agent at St. 
Pierre April 21, 1894; retired July, 1905; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul February i6, 1909. 

Freeman, Charles JW. — Born in Portland, Me., in 1855; 
home, Hillsboro Bridge, N. H.; educated in the public 
schools and the University of Maine; served in several 
public elective offices in Maine and New Hampshire; en- 
gaged in the furniture business at Hillsboro Bridge; ap- 
pointed Commercial Agent at St. Pierre May 10, 1898; 
acted as British Consul at St. Pierre ten months in 1905; 
appointed Consul at St. Pierre June 22, 1906; Consul at Du- 
raiigo March 30, 1907; Consul at Sydney, Nova Scotia, 
August 19, 1911. 

Freeman, George Harry — Born in Parma, N. Y., August 9, 
1854; attended the public schools of New York, Parma 
(N. Y.) Institute two years, a commercial school in Roch- 
ester, and studied under private tutors; salesman and book- 
keeper in Rochester eight years; real-estate dealer in the 
West; engaged in newspaper work in Kno.xville, Tenn., 
and employed in various capacities since giving up news- 
paper work; appointed Consular Agent at Fort William 
February 8, 1913. 

Freer, William— Born March 19, 1855; appointed laborer 
in the Department of State April 5, 1886; messenger De- 
cember 5, 1901. 

Freund, Julius Abraham— Born in Barranquilla, Colombia, 
of American parents October 12, 1871; educated in the 
public schools of Michigan and Detroit Business College; 
merchant in Detroit, 18S5-1897; employed by commission 
houses in Barranquilla, 1897-9S; soap manufacturer, 1899- 
1907; engaged in commission business in Chicago, 1908-9; 
employed in various capacities by firms in Barranquilla, 
1910-1912; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Barran- 
quilla January 20, 1913. 

Fricke, Rudolph— Born in Germany December 18, 1865; 
clerk in Leipzig Consulate since August, 1S93; appointed 
Deputy Consul at Leipzig November 17, 1893; Vice and 
Deputy Consul June 30, 1911. 

Frost, Wesley — Born inOberlin, Ohio, June 17, 1884; home, 
Berea, Ky,; graduated from Oberlin College, Ohio (A. B.), 
1907, and George Washington University (M. A.}, 1910; 
appointed stenographer in the Bureau of Supplies and 
Accounts, Navy Department, 1908; stenographer to the 
Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, Department of Commerce 
and Labor, 1909; appointed in the Department of State in 
connection with foreign trade and treaty relations Septem- 
ber 2, 1909; appointed, after e.xamination (June 27, 1910), 
Consul at Charlottetown April 5, 1912. 

Fuchs, Witold — Russian subject, born in Hamburg, Ger- 
many July 10, 1871; member of firm of wholesale grocers 
and coal and coke merchants in Warsaw; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Warsaw July 22, 1903; retired September 14, 1910; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Warsaw March i6, 
1911. 

Fuller, Frederick William— British subject, born in England 
January 20, 1858; auctioneer and real-estate agent; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Weymouth July 17, 1902. 

Fuller, Stuart Jamieson— Born in Keokuk, Iowa, May 4, 
1880; home, Madison, Wis.; graduate of University of Wis- 
consin; in railway and e.xport business for several years; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General (and clerk) 
at Hongkong April 20, 1906; appointed, after e.xamination 
(November 10. 1908), Consul at Goteborg July 29, 1909; 
detailed as Vice-Consul in charge of the Consulate at 



Naples October 12, 1910, to January ig, 1911; appointed 
Consul at Iquitos April 11, 1912; Consul at Durban Sep- 
tember 18, 1913. 

Fuller, William H.- British subject, born in England, i8;8; 
merchant; appointed Consular Agent at East London 
March 28, 1884. 

Funk, Ilo Clare Born in Trinidad, Colo., October3o, 1889; 
home, Boulder, Colo.; attended the publicand high schools 
of Cripple Creek, Colo., eleven years; State Preparatory 
School, Boulder, Colo., one year, and graduated from the 
LTniversily of Colorado (B. A.), 1912; employed during va- 
cations in various capacities by mining companies in Colo- 
rado and Mexico, 1907-191 1; appointed, after examination 
(April I, 191 2), Consular Assistant September 3, 1912; .as- 
signed to duty in the Department of State September 27, 
1912; appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at Milan August 
29, 1913. 

Furbush, Edgar- Born in Bloomingburg, Ohio, November 
26, i868: attended the public schools of Columbus, Ohio, 
and graduated from the law department of Howard Uni- 
versity (LL. B.), 1890; employed with manufacturing jew- 
eler, Columbus, Ohio, 1883-1885; in lawyer's office in 
Washington, D. C, 1887-88; in Post Office Department. 
1889-90; practiced law at Little Rock, Ark., 1890-91; clerk 
in the Consulate at Demerara, British Guiana, 1891-1895, 
and employed with mining company, 1891-1897; clerk in 
the American Legation at Port au Prince, 1897-1901; sec- 
retary of company in charge of timber exploitations in 
Haiti and inspector of custums on frontier of the Domini- 
can Republic, 1897-1908; appointed clerk in the American 
Legation at Port au Prince July 30, 1908. 

Furaess, Pairman Rogers— Born in Wallingford, Pa., Janu- 
ary 7, 1889; home, Wallingford, Pa.; graduated from Har- 
vard University (A. B..), 1912; employed for six months in 
a publishing house in Philadelphia; appointed, after ex- 
amination (May 27, 1912), Third Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at St. Petersburg August 22, 1912. 

Gabriel, Charles— Born in St. Lucia June 24, 1852; natural- 
ized in New Vork January 11, 1904; educated in Mico 
School, St. Lucia; bookkeeper in Japan, British Columbia, 
and New York City; hotel proprietor, Oakland, Cal.; 
merchant; part owner and manager coal mine in British 
Columbia; owner of a sulphurmine in St. Lucia; appointed 
Consular Agent at St. Lucia August 4, 1913. 

Qaedertz, Wolfgang— Born in Germany August 12, 1857; in- 
surance agent; appointed Consular Agent at LUbeck 
March 23, 1903. 

Gaffney, T. St. John— Born in Limerick, Ireland, May 17, 
1864; naturalized; educated at the Jesuit College, Clon- 
goweswood, Ireland; admitted to the New York bar in 
1889; engaged in the practice of law; appointed Consul- 
General at Dresden March 14, 1Q05; Consul-General at 
Munich September :8, 1913. 

Gale, William Holt— Born in New York City in 1864; home, 
Leesburg, Va.; educated at the Hopkins (Jrammar School, 
New Haven, Conn.; under a tutor in Europe, and at Yale 
University, and George Washington University; served 
through the Spanish-American War in the Seventy-first 
New York Volunteer Regiment; assistant secretary, Porto 
Rico, 1902-1Q04; engaged in dairy farming in Virginia in 
1906; appointed, after examination (July 9, 1906), Consul 
at Puerto Plata July 16, 1906; Consul at Malta December 
21, 1907; Consul-(5eneral at Athens January n, 1910. 

Garrels, Arthur— Born in St. Louis, Mo., January 3, 1873; 
home, St. Louis; educated in the public schools and Smith 
Academy of St. Louis; employed by banking and manu- 
facturing firms, 1890-1898; connected with theatrical and 
amusement enterprises in the United States and the Far 
East, 1898-1903; employed in brokerage business; ap- 
pointed, after examination (November 20, 1907), Consul 
at Zanzibar June 22, 1908; Consul at Catania January 11, 
1910; Consul at Alexandria August 22, 1912. 

Garrett, Alonzo B.— Born in Lavalette, W. Va., January 

20, 1847; home. Shoals, W. Va.; public-school education in 
West Virginia and Kentucky and the Eclectic Medical In- 
stitute of Cincinnati; drummer boy and corporal in the 
Forty-fifth Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, 1863-64; taught 
school in Kentucky and West Virginia, 1866-1868; prac- 
ticed medicine in Ohio, 1873-1887, and later in West Vir- 
ginia; represented the sixth district of West Virginia in 
the State Senate, 1897-1900; appointed, after examination 
(September 12, igoi), Consul at Nuevo Laredo September 

21, 1901. 



74 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Qarrett, John Work Born in HaUimoiL-, Md., May 19,1872; 
graduate of Princeton University i B. S.), 1S95; home, 
fialtimore; member of banking firm, 1896 igoi; appointed 
Secretary of the Legation at The Hague April 26, 
lyoi; acted as secretary in the American-Russian Seahng 
Arbitration, The Hague, 1902, and as secretary to the Ar- 
bitral Tribunal in the Venezuelan Preferential-Treatment 
Case, The Hague, 11403-4; Secretary of the Legation to 
the Netherlands and Luxemburg July 8, 1903; delegate 
to the Hospital-Ship Conference, The Hague, 1904, and 
signed the Hospital-Ship Convention December 21, 1904; 
appointed Second Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin 
March 25, 1905; Secretary of the Embassy at Rome June 
10, 1908; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Venezuela December 15, igio; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Argentina 
December 14, 191 1. 

Gassett, Arthur— Born in Dorchester, Mass., May 2, 1857; 
educated at Hurst Court College, Ore, England; ranch 
owner in Wyoming; mine owner and managing director 
in South Africa; confidential agent and prospector for 
London syndicates; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Tangier May 21. 1912. 

Gassett, Percival — Born in Dorchester, Mass., October 26, 
1858; educated by private tuition in China and England; 
studied diplomacy at the George Washington LT„iversity; 
editor and treasurer of a weekly business paper six years; 
engaged in various business enterprises six years; enlisted 
May, 1898, in First United States V'olunteer Cavalry 
(Rough Riders); promoted to be sergeant, first sergeant, 
and acting lieutenant; honorably discharged at the close 
of the war; appointed clerk and translator in the Insular 
Bureau, War E)epartment, at $900 August 21, 1902; assistant 
chief of the Insurgent Records Division January, 1903; 
transferred to the Department of State at $900 March 7,1903; 
appointed clerk temporarily at $1,800 June i, 1903; reap- 
pointed clerk at $900 October 23,1903; at $1,000 November 19, 
1903; class four January 18, 1904, to take effect January 21, 
1904; confidential clerk to the Third Assistant Secretariesof 
State, 1904-1907; designated in May, 1905, to make an in- 
spection and report on certain consulates in England and 
Germany; private secretary and interpreter to Secretary 
of State Elihu Root, during his visit to Mexico, October, 
1907; appointed, after examination (July 7, 1907), Consul 
at Jerez de la Frontera June 10, 1908; Consul at Iquique 
.^pril 15, 1912. 

Gassett, Walter— Born in Boston, Mass., October 8, 185s; 
educated in private schools and Boston high school; clerk 
in London Stock Exchange; member of Boston Stock Ex- 
change; stock rancher in Wyoming; storekeeper, depart- 
ment of public lands, Hawaii; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul, also Interpreter, at Kobe November 29, 1905. 

Gaulin, Alphonse— Born in Woonsocket, R. I., May 24, 

1874; home, Woonsocket; graduated from Harvard Uni- 
versity law school in i8g6; engaged in the practice of law 
in Woonsocket, and served as mayor of that city, 1902- 
1905; appointed Consul at Havre March 8, 1905; Consul- 
General at Marseille May 31, 1909. 

Gauss, Clarence Edward— Born in the District of Columbia 
January 12, 1886; educated in the public and high schools 
of Washington, D. C, and by private tutors; employed in 
attorney's office and stenographer with Invalid Pensions 
Committee, House of Representatives, 1903-1906; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $^00, on probation, 
under Civil Service rules, August 2, igo6; permanently at 
same salary February 2, 1907; class one March 4, 1907; 
Deputy Consul-General at Shanghai June 7, 1907; rein- 
stated as clerk class one in the Department of State June 
23, igog, to take effect July i, igog;- appointed clerk class 
two July I, igio; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Shanghai December 16, 1912. 

Gay, Jose Maria— Born in the Philippine Islands October 
g, 1874; educated in Valencia and Madrid, Spain; lawyer; 
appointed Deputy Consul at Madrid May 10, 1907; Vice 
and Deputy Consul December 9, igio. 

Geary, Thomas R. — British subject, born in Spain Decem- 
ber 21, 1859; merchant; appointed Vice-Consul at Malaga 
March4, i8gi; retired April, 1898; reappointed Vice-Consul 
July 3, i89g. 

Gerard, James Watson — Born in Geneseo, N. Y., 1867- a 
graduate of Columbia University, A. B. (igoo), A. M. 
(1901), LL. B. (1902); admitted to the New York bar, 1902; 
served for four years as a major. National Guard of New 
York; associate justice supreme court of New York, 1908- 
1911; trustee New York Law Institute; home. New York 
City; appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipo- 
tentiary to Germany July 28, 1913. 



Qherardi, Walter R. — Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, August 9, 
1875; appointed ^aval cadet at large September 4, 1891; en- 
sign July 1, 1897; lieutenant (junior grade) July i, 1900; 
lieutenant September 23, 1902; lieutenant commander July 
I, 1908; assigned to duty as Naval Attache at Berlin, Ger- 
many, and at The Hague, Netherlands, May 14, 1913. 

Gianolio, Piero— Italian subject, born in Turin March 12, 
1875; lawyer; appointed Vice and Deputy C'onsul at Turin 
March 6, igog. 

Gibbers, William -British subject, born in London June 7, 
1854; newspaper publisher; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Cornwall October 11, 1909. 

Gibson, Hugh Simons -Born in Los Angeles, Cal., August 
16, 1883; e4ucated by tutors, at Los Angeles Military Acad- 
emy, and Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, Paris; home, 
Los Angeles; appointed, after examination ijuly 8, ig 
.Secretary of the Legation at Tegucigalpa July 31, i. 
Second Secretary of the Embassy at London August 4, 1909: 
confidential clerk to the Assistant Secretary of State Feb- 
ruary 10, 1910; clerk class three January 13, igii; Secretary 
of the Legation at Habana July 6, 1911. 

Gilbert, Alvin Walter— Born in Coon Raoids, Iowa, Novem- 
ber 14, 1873; graduated from the L'niversity of Nebraska; 
served in Company F, First Nebraska \'olunteers, four- 
teen months during Spanish-American War; assistant sec- 
retary, Y. M. C. A., Warren, Pa., 1903-4; army secretary, 
international committee, Peking, China, igo4-i9o7; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul-General at Chefoo February ig, 
1908; retired July, igoB; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Nanking July 7, igio. 

Gillis, Irving V.— Born in Erie, Pa., January i, 1875; ap- 
pointed a midshipman from New York September 6, i8go 
ensign July i, i8g6; lieutenant (junior grade) July i, i8gg, 
lieutenant July 20, igoi; lieutenant commander July i 
1907; assigned to duty as assistant to the Naval Attache 
at Peking Mays, 1911. 

Glenn, John B. — Born in Rockingham County, N. C, May 
25, 1884; attended Horner Military School four years, the 
University of North Carolina one year, Virginia Military 
Institute one year, and Oak Ridge Institute one year; ste- 
nographer and clerk in various railroad offices in the 
United States and Mexico, 1902-1906; engaged in grocery 
business in Silao, Mexico, 1906-7; secretary to various 
officials in Guanajuato, 1907-1910; in charge of legal de- 
partment of the Guanajuato Povi-er & Electric Co. since 
February, igio; appointed Consular Agent at Guanajuato 
February 27, igi2. 

Coding, Frederic Webster — Born in Hyde Park, Mass., May 
g, 1858; home, Rutland, 111.; educated in the public schools 
and colleges of Illinois and Tennessee; taught in the pub- 
lic schools and colleges of Illinois and Tennessee; was 
justice of the peace, president of board of aldermen, prac- 
ticed medicine at Rutland, 111., and was city health officer; 
editor and proprietor of Ancona Advocate and Loudon 
County Record; appointed, after examination (February 
3, 1898), Consul at New Castle, New South Wales, Feb- 
ruary II, 1898; Consul at Montevideo August 15, igo7; 
Consul-General at Guayaquil September 18, igi3. 

Goldstein, Hyman— Born in New York, N. Y., February 2, 
1894; messenger boy in the Government Printing Office 
December 4, igii, to February 3, igi2; appointed messenger 
boy in the Department of State February 3, igi2. 

Gonzales, William Elliott— Born in Charleston, S. C, April 
24, 1866; home, Columbia, S. C; received his education at 
home and at Kings Mountain Military School; assistant 
correspondent, News and Courier bureau, Columbia, 
1884-1888; private secretary to the governor of South 
Carolina, iS88-i8go; proof reader, telegraph and news 
editor. The State, Columbia, i8gi-i9o3; editor in chief of 
The State, igo3-igi3; adjutant Independent Battalion, 
South Carolina V'olunteers, and captain Second South 
Carolina Volunteers, i8g8-Qg; and saw service in Cuba; 
chief commissioner for South Carolina, Jamestown Exposi- 
tion; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Cuba June 21, igi3. 

Goodier, James Hurlburt — Born in Washington Mills, N. Y., 
November 8, 18S6; home, Utica, N. Y.; attended the public 
schools of L^tica, Utica Free Academy four years, Ham- 
ilton College one year, and studied law in a lawyer's office 
three years; admitted to the New York bar in igo8; prac- 
ticed law in Utica, igoB-igio, and in New York City, igio-ii; 
appointed, after examination (April i, 1912), Consul at Tahiti 
September 18, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



75 



Gorman, Patrick -British subject, born in Canada March 
24, 183S; messcnfjer and clerlt in Montreal Consulate-Gen- 
eral since 1877; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at Montreal February 18, 1886. 

Gorsira, Christoffel Stelnmeier Dutch subject, born in Cu- 
ra(,aoJune 16, 1S7.:; in shipping business; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Cura(,ao June 12, iyo6. 

Gosman, George H. R. — Born in New V'ork June 15,1876; ap- 
pointed assistant surgeon, U. S. A., June 29, 1901; gradu- 
ated from the Army Medical School in 1903; appointed 
captain assistant surg'eon and captain medical corps June 
29, igo6; major January i, igio; assigned to duty as At- 
tache at Tokyo March 25, 1911. 

Qoss, Mary W.— Born in Auburn, N. Y.; graduate of How- 
land College; appointed confidental clerk to the Solicitor 
June 2, 1893; clerk at $1,000 July i, 1895; class one Novem- 
ber 4, 1895. 

Gottscbalk, Alfred L. M.— Born in New York City Febru- 
ary 8, 1873; home. New York City; educated in New York 
private schools, in Kenyon College, and New York Univer- 
sity; engaged in newspaper and magazine work, and sugar 
growing in Santo Domingo; member of the Seventh Regi- 
ment, New York; was staff correspondent of the London 
Telegraph and New York Herald in Cuba and Porto Rico, 
1898; collector of customs in Monte Christi, igoo-1902; ap- 
pointed, after examination (April 21, 1902), Consul at San 
Juan del Norte April 25, 1902; Consul at Callao June 23, 
1903; Consul-General May 22, 1905; Consul-General at 
Mexico City December 20, 190s; Consul-General at Large 
March 6, 1908. 

Gould, Ozro Couse— Born in Winona, Minn, June 3, 1886; 
graduate of high school at Winona; took courses, Wi- 
nona State Normal School, University of Chicago, and 
Columbia University; taught school at various times; 
clerk in the Chicago post-office and in several business 
concerns during his college course; appointed, after ex- 
amination (July 7, 1907), Consular Clerk December 30, 1907; 
Consular Assistant July i, 1908; Deputy Consul-General 
at Seoul December 21, 190S; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General August 5, 1909; assigned to dut)- at the Consulate- 
General at Vancouver January 12, igii; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Bay of Islands November 7, 1912. 

Gracey, Wilbur Tirrell — Borr in East Weymouth, Mass., 
February 26, 1877; home, Oakland, Cal.; educated in pub- 
lic and private schools of Massachusetts; employed as 
clerk, insurance agent, and manager; general commission 
merchant; appointed Marshal at Foochow April i, 1899; 
also Vice-Consul at Foochow July 31, 1899; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul May 2, 1902; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Nanking October 6, 1904; Marshal and Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Foochow August 28, 1905; Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul-General at Hongkong November 13, 1905; Consul at 
Tsingtau June 22, igo6; Consul at Nanking April 15, igio; 
Consul at Progreso March 13, 1912. 

Grabam, Prank — Born in England August 22, 1846; insur- 
ance manager and sharebroker; appointed Consular Agent 
at Christchurch March 13, 1903. 

Grant-Smitb, Ulysses — Born in Washington, Pa., Novem- 
ber 18, 1870; educated at Trinity Hall School. De Veaux 
College, and St. Paul's School; graduate of Washington and 
Jefferson College; took a course at the Harvard Gradu- 
ate School; was head master and military instructor of 
Trinity Hall School, 1896-1903; home, Washington, Pa.; 
appointed Second Secretary of the Legation at Constan- 
tinople September 8, 1903; Third Secretary of the Embassy 
at London February 8, igo6; Secretary of the Legation at 
Santiago, Chile, June 10, 1908; Secretary of the Legation 
at Brussels August 4, 1909; Honorary Commissioner to the 
Universal and International Exposition at Brussels, 1910; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Vienna September 12, 1912. 

Graves, Cbarles Hinman — Born in Springfield, Mass, 1839; 
educated in public schools; enlisted as a private in United 
States Array June, 1861, and became a colonel; also colonel 
in Regular Army until 1870; engaged in many business en- 
terprises in Duluth, 1870-1905; was State senator of Minne- 
sota; speaker Minnesota House of Representatives; mayor 
of Duluth; State capitol commissioner; home, Duluth, 
Minn.;appointcd Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Sweden and Norway March 8, 1905; Ambas- 
sador on Special Mission to represent the United States at 
the coronation of King Haakon of Norway June, 1906. 



Gray, John Harlan Born in Emmett, Tenn., May 19,1869; 
allendod public schools nine years and King College four 
years; farmer; teacher in public schools five sessions; served 
six nionths in the Army; appointed Consulai Agent at Vic- 
toriaville July 2, 1913. 

Grecb, Alfred R. -British subject, born in Dardanelles Au- 
gust 14, 1864; steamship and insurance agent; owner of 
salvage steamers and tenders; appointed Consular Agent 
at Dardanelles November 9, 1908. 

Greene, Roger Sberman— Born in Westborough, Mass., 
May 29, iSSi; home, Cambridge, Mass.; graduated from 
Harvard University and attended the Harvard Gradu- 
ate School; was appointed clerk in the American Lega- 
tion at Rio de Janeiro; appointed Deputy Consul- 
General at Rio dc Janeiro November 3, 1902; also Vice- 
Consul-General May 4, 1903; appointed Interpreter to the 
Consulate at Nagasaki March 22, 1904; also Vice-Consul 
at Nagasaki .August 11, 1904; appointed Interpreter to the 
Consulate at Kobe June 10. 1905; also Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul June 12, 1905; appointed Commercial Agent at Vladi- 
vostok October 24, 1905; Consul June 22, 1906; Consul at 
Dalny March 30, 1907; Consul at Harbin January 21, 1909; 
Consul-General at Hankow August 19, rgii. 

Greene, William Maxwell— Born in Rhode Island in 1832; 
educated in private and boarding schools; employed as 
treasurer of a cotton-goods manufactory; appointed, after 
examination (December 24, 1897), Consul at Hamilton, Ber- 
muda, January 14, 1898. 

Greer, Mary— Born in Washington, D. C. ; educated in the 
Washington public schools and by private tuition; em- 
ployed as confidential secretary to a Member of Congress; 
with National Republican Congressional Committee for 
one month; in charge of Elliott & Hatch Book Typewriter 
office; appointed clerk in the Department of State at I900 
(temporary) August i, 1898; permanently at same salary 
July I, 1899; class one April i, igoo; class two July 2, 1906. 

Grevstad, Nicolay A. — Born in the Parish of Orskog, western 
Norway, 1851; home, Chicago, 111.; graduate of the L^ni- 
versity of Norway (1874) and of the law department of the 
university (1878); lieutenant Norwegian army, 1874-1883; 
newspaper man in Norway and in this country since 1883; 
since 1892 has been editor of the Skandinaven, of Chicago; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Paraguay and LTruguay June 30, igii. 

Grew, Josepb Clark— Born in Boston, Mass., May 27, 1880; 
graduate of Groton School and of Harvard (1902); home, 
Boston, Mass.; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Cairo 
November 3, 1904; appointed, after e.xamination. Third Sec- 
retary of the Embassy at Mexico City March i, 1906; Third 
Secretary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg May 7, 1907; 
Second Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin June 10, igoB; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Vienna January 27, 1911; Sec- 
retary of the Embassy at Berlin September 12, 1912. 

Griffin, Thomas— Born in Ireland October 31, 1845; natural- 
ized at Washington, D. C, in 1866; educated at St. Patrick's 
School, Washington, D. C; appointed laborer in the De- 
partment of State November i, 1866; watchman April i, 
1867; assistant proof reader July i, 1871; clerk at $900 July 
I, 1874; class one August 5, 1882; class two July 20, 1889; 
class three October 11, 1901. 

Griffin, jr., Thomas— Born in Washington, D. C, February 
25, 1877; educated in the public and high schools of Wash- 
ington; appointed clerk in the United States and Chilean 
Claims Commission October i, 1900; served to October 31, 
1901; clerk in the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission Not 
vember i, 1901; served to May 2, 1910; appointed clerk at 
$goo in the Department of State April 26, rgio; at $1,000 
July I, 1910; class one June 27, igii. 

Griffith, P. Merrill— Born in Billbrook, Ohio, in 1872; home 
Sabina, Ohio; educated at the University of Chicago; 
school superintendent; appointed, after e.xamination (May 
21, i8g8). Consul at Matamoros May 31, 1898; Consul at 
Tampico August 15, 1907; Consul at Pernambuco January 
10, 1910. 

Griffiths, John L.— Born in New York City October 7, 1855; 
home, Indianapolis, Ind.; attended the New York public 
schools and the collegiate and law departments of Iowa 
State University; practiced law; member of the Indiana 
Legislature in 1887; supreme court reporter, 1889-1893; ap- 
pointed Consul at Liverpool March 8, 1905; Consul-General 
at London May 31, 1909; delegate to the International 
Congress of Chambers of Commerce and Commercial 
Industrial Associations, London, 1910. 



76 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Groeniager, Joseph George— Born in Baltimore, Md., No- 
vember ^2, 1884; attended the public schools of Maryland 
and took two years' course in business collefje in Baltimore; 
with Standard Oil Co. two years and a telephone company 
four years; was associated with the Public Athletic League 
and Children's Playground Association of Baltimore; ap- 
pointed clerk in the American Legation at Copenhagen 
December 7, 1911. 

Grout, John H. — Born in Beverly, Mass., in 1857; home, 
Boston, Mass.; educated in the public schools of Boston 
and at St. Johnsbury Academy, Vermont; was employed 
at Tampico, Me.\ico,'by the Mexican Central Railroad and 
the Louisiana Lighterage <*t Jetty Co.; newspaper man 
for eighteen years in various capacities from reporter to 
editor; appointed Consul at Bermuda January 14, 1893; re- 
tired October, 1893; appointed Consul at Malta January 10, 
i8q8; Consul at Odessa January g, ignS. 

Gubler, Carl— Citizen of Switzerland, born March 27. 1883; 
clerk in the Consulate-General at Zurich; appointed Dep- 
uty Consul-Gencral at Zurich March 4, 1911. 

Guilbert, Benjamin Douglas— Born in California October 8, 
1872; educated in public schools; dentist; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Tegucigalpa September 11, 1905. 

Guimaraes, J. B. — Born in Cape Verde Islands in 1861; 
merchant; appointed Consular Agent at St. Vincent, Cape 
Verde Islands, January 23, 1895. 

Guasaulus, Edwin Norton — Born in Mount Liberty, Ohio, 
December 13, 1859; home, London, Ohio; attended the pub- 
lic schools in Blount Vernon, Ohio; graduated from the high 
school at Mount Gilead, Ohio; was editor and publisher of 
a weekly newspaper; served one term as mayor of Cen- 
terburg, Ohio; was deputy State oil inspector; appointed, 
after e.xamination (January 24, 1900), Consul at Pernam- 
buco February i, igoo; Consul at Toronto November 13, 
1901; Consul at Cork March 8, 1905; Consul at Rimouski 
June 22, 1906; Consul at Johannesburg June 10, igo8. 

Gunther, Franklin Mott— Born in New York City February 
28, 1885; resident of Amherst, Va ; graduated from Jlar- 
vard University, 1907; took a year's course at the Ecole 
Libre des Sciences Politique, Paris; served as private sec- 
retary to the Ambassador to Japan, 1908-9; appointed, after 
examination (February 26, igoq). Third Secretary of the 
Embassy at Paris August 5, igog; detailed to the Division 
of Latin-American Affairs, Department of State, Novem- 
ber I, 1910, to January 31, 1911; appointed Secretary of 
the Legation at Managua January 27, 1911; Secretary of 
the Legation at Lisbon February i, 1912; Second Secretary 
of the Embassy at Rio de Janeiro August 22, 1912. 

Guthrie, George Wilklns Born in Pittsburgh, Pa^, Sep- 
tember 5, 1848; graduate of Western University of" Penn- 
sylvania, A. B (1866), A. M. (1868); Columbian University, 
LL. B. (1869); LL. D., University of Pittsburgh, 1905, 
and Trinity College, 1907; admitted to the bar in 1869 and 
practiced law in Pittsburgh, 1869-1913; mayor of Pitts- 
burgh, igoe-igog; vice-president and trustee Dollar Sav- 
ings Bank; trustee L^niversity of Pittsburgh; president 
St. Margaret's Memorial Hospital; manager Kingsley 
House Association; member board of governors Pittsburgh 
Chamber of Commerce; appointed Ambassador E.xtraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan May 2c, 1913. 

Gutman, Robert S. Van R. — Born in New York City in 1848; 
bank clerk; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Hermo- 
sillo August 24, 1905. 

Guttormsen, Martin E. — Norwegian subject, born in Chris- 
tiania January 23, 1883; stenographer and typewriter; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul-General at Christiania February 
27, 1912. 

Guyant, Claude E.— Born in Decatur, 111., February 17, 
1886; home, Decatur; attended the public schools of Illi- 
nois and took stenographic course in business college; 
clerk and stenographer Isthmian Canal Commission June 
I, 1906, to August 31, 1908; resigned to accept position in 
Consulate-General at Panama; appointed Deputy Consul- 
General at Panama City September g, igoS; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General March 23, igog; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Mexico City October 20, igio; appointed, 
after e.xamination (June 27, igio). Consul at Salina Cruz 
March 8, 1912; detailed as V'ice-Consul in charge of the 
Consulate at Ensenada November 9, 1912; appointed \'ice 
and Deputy Consul at Ensenada October 15, 1913. 

Gygax, Felix X.— Born in Kansas March 30, 1884; appointed 
a midshipman from Kansas June 10, 1903; ensign Sep- 
tember 13, 1908; lieutenant (junior grade) September 13, 



igii; assigned to inspector of machinery at Winterthur, 
Switzerland, October n, 1911; detached and to the Bureau 
of Steam Engineering March 10, 1913; additional duty at 
Nuremberg, Germany, July 16, 1913: assigned to duty as 
assistant inspector of machinery Augsburg, Cjermany, July 

30, 1913; assigned to duty as Attache at Berne May 15, 
1913- 

Haeberle, Arminius T.— Born in St. Louis, Mo., January 23, 
1874; home, St. Louis; educated at Elmhurst College, Elm- 
hurst, 111., and in Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.; 
instructor at St. Charles College, St. Charles. Mo.; princi- 
palof the public school at Hermann, Mo.; vice-director of 
the Institute Ingles at Santiago, Chile, 1898-1903; employed 
by the Board of Foreign Missions at New York; head of 
the modern language department of the McKinley High 
School, St. Louis, Mo., 1904-1907; appointed, after e.xami- 
nation (November 20, 1907), Consul at Manzanillo June 
10, 1908; Consul at Tegucigalpa January 11, igio. 

Hagelin, Carl David— Swedish subject, born in Sweden 
April 15, 1854; in business at Cette; appointed Consular 
Agent at Cette December 20, igor. 

Hale, Edward Joseph— Born at Haymount, N. C, Decem- 
ber 25, 1839; graduate of Donaldson Academy and Univer- 
sity of North Carolina (i86o); received degree of LL. D. 
from the university in igio; was one of the proprietdrs and 
editors of the Fayetteville Observer, 1860-1865; entered 
the Confederate Army as a private in 1861 and rose to rank 
of major; entered into wholesale business in New York, 
1866; reestablished the Fayetteville Observer in 5882; was 
consul at Manchester, England, 1885-1889; visited India in 
1890 with reference to the indigo crop and traveled e.xten- 
sively in that country and Egypt; was a vice-president of 
the International Congress on Internal Navigation of 
Europe; commissioner of the Manchester Ship Canal in 
North America, 1890-91; returned to the conduct of the 
Observer in 1892 and has since been president, editor, and 
manager thereof; president of the Fayetteville Chamber 
of Commerce; president of the L'pperCape Fear Improve- 
ment Association; trustee of the University of North 
Carolina; director of the National Rivers and Harbors 
Congress; member of the British Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science; honorary life member Cobden Club; 
author of many historical, scientific, and commercial re- 
ports, addresses, and books; home, Fayetteville, N. C; 
appointed Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Costa Rica June 21, 1913. 

Hale, Franklin D. -Born in Barnet, Vt., March 7, 1854; 
home, Lunenburg, Vt. ; educated in the public schools, 
Northfield (Vt.)high school, St. Johnsbury (Vt.) Academy, 
and the University of Michigan law school; was chair- 
man of the board of townsite trustees in (Oklahoma in 
i8gi; chief clerk to the treasurer of the island of Cuba, 
i8gg-igoo; engaged in the practice of law; State's attor- 
ney of Esse.x County, Vt., for eight years; member of 
Vermont Legislature eight years; auditor of accounts of 
Vermont si.x years; appointed, after e.xamination (Octo- 
ber 2g, igo2). Consul at Coaticook October 30, igo2; Con- 
sul at Charlottetown May i, igo8; Consul at Trinidad May 

31, 1909; Consul at Huddersfield August 22, 1912. 

Halstead, Albert — Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, September 19, 
1867; attended the public schools of Cincinnati and pre- 
liminary schools elsewhere; graduated from Princeton 
University in iS8g; employed as clerk in the office of the 
surveyor of the port of Cincinnati, i889-i8gi; represented 
the Cincinnati Commercial-Gazette at Washington, T8gi- 
i8g6; wasaid-de-camp to GovernorWilliam McKinley, i8g2- 
i8g6; editor of the Springfield (Mass.) L'nion, 1896-1899; 
Washington correspondent of the Brooklyn Standard- 
Union and Philadelphia Evening Telegraph, i8gg-igo6; 
appointed, after e.xamination (March 29, igo6), Consul at 
Birmingham April 3, igo6. 

Hamel, Henry Charles— Born in ^uincy, Mass., in 1882; 
home, Lewiston, Me.; graduate of Van Buren College 
(A. B.) and Boston School of Law; practiced law; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Cabano October 22, 1913. 

Hamm, Theodore Cusbing — Born in Newport, Vt., February 
10, 1882; educated at the State Preparatory .School of 
Colorado, the University of Colorado, and George Wash- 
ington University (M. A., iqio); clerk in the Pasadena 
post-office July, 1904-October, 1906; appointed clerk in 
the Sixth Auditor's Office, Treasury Department, Novem- 
ber 9, igo6; appointed in the Department of State in con- 
nection with foreign trade and treaty relations September 
2, 1909; appointed, after examination (June 27, 1910I, Consul 
at Durango August 19, 1911. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



11 



Hamm, Walter Charles- Born in Hudson, N. Y., January 
25, iS.fy; home, Philadelphia, Pa.; puhlic and private 
school education; graduated from Brown University; edi- 
torial writer on the Philadelphia Press, 1883 1903; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July 14, igo^), Consul at Hull 
July 18, 1Q03; Consul at Newcastle-on-Tyne February 12, 
1912. 

Hanauer, Simon W. -Born in Burfjunstadt, Germany, in 
i8j8; naturalized in Pennsvlvania;home, Philadelphia, Pa.; 
public-school education; retired manufacturer, merchant, 
journalist, and financial writer; appointed Vice-Consul- 
General at Frankfort on ttie Main March 8, iSgg; Deputy 
Consul-General December i, 1900; reappointed Vice- 
Consul-General May 24, 1912. 

Handley, William White— Born in Washington, D. C, June 
2g, 1872; public-school and college education; employed 
under the office of the Public Printer at Washington for 
five years; engaged in shipping and trading business in 
the West Indies and Venezuela for four years; appointed 
Vice-Consul at Trinidad January 12, 1904; Consular Agent 
at Matanzas August 17, 1904; Consul at Puerto Plata June 
5, 1905;^ Consul at Trinidad November 13, 1905; Consul- 
General at Boma June 22, 190S; Consul at Naples Decem- 
ber 14, igio. 

Hanks, Stedman Shumway— Born in Manchester, Mass., 
July 17, 1S89; educated at Grotbn School and Harvard 
I'liiversitv; private secretary to Ambassador to Great 
Britain, 1912; appointed clerk to the Third Assistant Sec- 
retary of State May 20, 1913. 

Hanna, Margaret M. — Born in Ann Arbor, Mich.; educated 
in the public and high schools of W^ashington, D. C, and 
by private tutors; appointed confidential clerk to the Chief 
of the Bureau of Indexes and Archives. Department of 
State, at $500 November i6, 1895; confidential clerk to the 
Second Assistant Secretary of State at $900 January 6, 
1896; clerk class one February 23, 1897; class two Decem- 
ber 4, 190.S; class three March 4, 1907; detailed as clerical 
assistant Pious Fund Arbitration at The Hague, 1902; de- 
tailed as clerical assistant Venezuelan Claims Commis- 
sion at Caracas, 1903; detailed as clerical assistant to the 
Delegation of the United States to the Second Peace Con- 
ference at The Hague, 1907; detailed as clerical assistant 
to the Delegation of the United States to the Fourth In- 
ternational Conference of American States, Buenos Aires, 
1910. 

Hanna, Philip C. — Born in Waterloo, Iowa, June 27, 1857; 
attended public school, Waterloo Seminary, and gradu- 
ated from Chesbrough College Institute; engaged in bank- 
ing business; Consul of Venezuela at Des Moines, Iowa, 
1895-1897; appointed Consul at La Guaira February 27, 
i8gi; retired May 10, 1894; appointed Consul at Trinidad 
July 2, 1897; Consul at San Juan, Porto Rico, September i, 
1897; retired April 11, 1S98; on special duty at St. Thomas, 
W. I., April 12 to July 26, i8g8, and in Porto Rico July, 
1898, to July I, 1899; appointed Consul-General at Monte- 
rey November i, 1899. 

Hanna, Rea— Born in Aurora, 111 , March 11, 1878; edu- 
cated in the public schools of Los Angeles and the LTniver- 
sity of California; employed in selling musical merchan- 
dise; later engaged in the customs brokerage business; 
was a notary public; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
and also Marshal at Amoy May 19, 1906; appointed, after 
examination (July 7, 1907), Consul at Iquique August 15, 
1907; Consul at Georgetown December 20, igii. 

Hansen, Carl Christian— Born in Denmark May 14, 1862; 
naturalized in Modesto, Cal., July 6, 1887: attended school 
abroad and in California; graduated from the Cooper 
Medical College; hospital interne in San Francisco for 
four years; assistant in postgraduate department of the 
University of California for one year; practiced medicine; 
medical missionary in Turkey and Siam, 1895-1898; physi- 
cian in charge of the Van Santvoord Sanatorium in Siam 
to October, 1908; appointed V'ice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Bangkok April 2, 1909. 

Hanson, George Charles -Born in Bridgeport, Conn., Octo- 
ber II, 1883; home, Bridgeport; graduate of Cornell L^ni- 
versity (M. E.), igo8; engaged at various times in business 
and engineering work; appointed, after examination (May 
S, igoj), Student Interpreter in China June 12, tgog; Deputy 
Consul-General at Shanghai September 7, igii; also Inter- 
preter October 15, igii; Vice and Deputy Consul and 
Interpreter at Chefoo May 13, 1912. 

Hanson, George M. —Born in Fillmore, Utah, June 2g, 1869; 
home, Ogden, Utah; educated at Millard Academy and 
L'^niversity of L'tah; engaged for four years in teaching 



school; in newspaper work in Ogden four years; in county 
treasurer's office eight years, and was private secretary to 
a United States Senator six years; appointed, after ex- 
amination (April I, 1912), Consul at Hobart August 23, 
igi2. 

Hardegg, Jacob— German subject, born in Germany April 
10, 1836; hotel proprietor; appointed Consular Agent at 
Jaffa September 20, 1910. 

Hardgrave, Oliver L.— Born in Clarksville, Ark., August 16, 
1856; educated in the common schools of Arkansas; en- 
gaged in railroading, 1877-1896; trucker in Florida, i8g6- 
i89g; employed on construction work in Cuba, 1900 1903; 
engaged in growing cocoanuts in Roatan; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Roatan May 28, igio. 

Hardy, John— Born in England May 11, 1834; naturalized 
in Boston, 1863; steamship agent; appointed Consular 
Agent at Azua August 11, 1885. 

Hargreaves, Bella— Appointed assistant telephone switcli- 
board operator in the Department of State July i, 1907; 
telephone switchboard operator August 13, 1907. 

Hargreaves, John L. -Born October 26, 1876; appointed as- 
sistant messenger in the Department of State September 
3, igog; reappointed, temporarily, under Civil Service 
rules August 24, igr2; permanently, under the provisions 
of Executive order of August 24, igi2, October ix, igi2. 

Harker, Ernest— Born in England March g, 1868; clerk in 
Birmingham Consulate since 1887; appointed Deputy Con- 
sul at Birmingham November 15, i8g3. 

Harriott, Alexis Wynns— British subject, born in Salt Cay 
September 24, 1835; salt manufacturer, 1860-1888; entered 
the civil service as assistant commissioner at Grand Turk 
in 188S; transferred to Salt Cay in 1907; retired in igio; 
appointed Consular Agent at Salt Cay May 20. 1863; reap- 
pointed December 4, ife6g, and August 7, 1879; retired in 
1888; reappointed March 2, igii. 

Harris, Ernest Lloyd— Born in Jaspar County, Iowa, Oc- 
tober 26, 1870; home. Rock Island, 111.; attended the public 
schools of Edgington, 111.; graduated from Cornell Col- 
lege, Mount Vernon, Iowa; spent five years at Heidelberg 
University, Ph. D. (1894), J- ^- ■ D. (1895I; was lecturer on 
civil law in the State University of Iowa; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Eibenstock May 10, 1898; Commercial 
Agent November II, 1902; Consul at Chemnitz March 23, 
igos; Consul at Smyrna July 25, igo6; Consul-General June 
10, 1908; Consul-General at Stockholm January 20, 1911. 

Harris, Heaton W.— Born in Washington Township, Ohio, 
April 23, 1859; home. Alliance, Ohio; graduated from 
Mount L'nion College, Ohio, and Cincinnati Law School; 
teacher in Scioto College and in Akron; engaged in the 
practice of law; member of Alliance city council for two 
years; member of the board of education three years; 
appointed, after examination (December 2, 1899), Consul 
at Mannheim December 19, i89g; Consul at Nuremberg 
March 30, igo7; Consul-General at Large January 25, igog; 
Consul-General at Frankfort on the Main August 22, 1912. 

Harris, Ira— Born in Albany, N. V., in 1855; educated in 
common, high, and medical schools; physician, surgeon, 
and missionary; appointed Consular Agent at Tripoli, 
Syria, March 3, 1899. 

Harrison, Alfred C— British subject, born in Liverpool, 
May 15, 1866; clerk in Roubaix Consulate since September 

1, 1897; appointed Deputy Commercial Agent at Roubaix 
May 10, 1899; Deputy Consul August 11, i89g. 

Harrison, Leiand— Born in New York City April 25, 1883; 
partial course at Eton College and graduated from Har- 
vard University (B. A.), igo7; spent one year in Harvard 
law school; served as private secretary to the Ambassador 
to Japan, igo7-8; appointed, after examination (December 

2, 1907), Third Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo June 
10, igoS; Second Secretary of the Legation at Peking Jan- 
uary 14. igog; Second Secretary of the Embassy at London 
August 16, 1910; Secretary of the Legation at Bogota Feb- 
ruary I, 1912. 

Hart, Alfred Whitman — British subject, born in Nova Scotia 
February 5, 1837; fish dealer; appointed Consular Agent 
at Canso July 23, 1885. 

Hartlett, Charles -British subject, born in Australia July 
21, 1S71; clerk in Melbourne Consulate since 1887; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Melbourne March 23, 
1909. 



78 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Hartmaa, Charles S.— Born in Monticello, Ind., March i, 
1861: home, Bozeman, Mont.; educated in the public schools 
of Monticello; practiced law in Bozeman. Mont., 1884-1913; 
probate iud!,'e Gallatin County, 1884-1S86; member consti- 
tutional convention of Montana, 1888; member of the 
Fifty-third to Fifty-fifth Congresses, 1893-1899; appointed 
Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Ecuador July 28, 1913. 

Hartman, Wilhelm— Swedish subject, born in Goteborg 
February 21, 1866; exporter and managing director of 
mercantile firm; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Goteborg September 12, 1907. 

Harvey, Edward— Born in Ireland February 25, 1873; clerk 
ia Belfast Consulate since 1897; appointed Deputy Consul 
at Belfast September 26, 1901; Vice and Deputy Consul 
September 7, 1904; Deputy Consul June 20, 1906. 

Harvey, Horace J.— Born in Fort Ann, N. Y., September 
30, 1843; home, Buffalo, N. V.; educated in the public 
schools and North Granville and Aurora (N. Y.) acad- 
emies; proprietor of the Buffalo city flour mills; grain and 
flour merchant; appointed, after examination (June 27, 
1902), Consul at Fort Erie July i, 1902. 

Harvey, Roland B.— Born in Baltimore October 12, 1870; at- 
tended private schools in Baltimore; had tutors in Switzer- 
land, France, and Germany; graduated from Johns Hop- 
kins University and the law school of the University of 
Maryland; member of the bar of Maryland and New York; 
practiced law in New York, 1896- 1899, and in Baltimore, 
1899-1909; served as assistant State's attorney; appointed, 
after examination (May 17, 1909), Secretary of the Lega- 
tion and Consul-General to Roumania and Servia and 
Secretary of the Diplomatic Agency in Bulgaria August 
27, 1909; authorized to act as Charge d'AITaires at Sofia 
March 24 to July i, 1910; appointed Secretary of the Lega- 
tion and Consul-General to Roumania, Servia, and Bul- 
garia June 24, 1910; Secretary of the Legation at Lima 
February i, 1912; Secretary of the Legation at Santiago, 
Chile, June 5, 1912. 

Haskell, Lewis Wardlaw — Born in Pastoria, Ark., Decem- 
ber 2, 1868; home, Columbia, S. C; graduate of the South 
Carolina Military Academy, i88j, and the Georgetown 
University law school (LL. B.), 1894; instructor at branch 
college of the University of Georgia, 1889-1892; clerk in 
Railway Commissioner's Office, Department of the Inte- 
rior, 1894-1901; practiced law in Columbia, S. C, 1901-igio, 
and was referee in bankruptcy; served two terms in the 
South Carolina House of Representatives; lieutenant to 
lieutenant colonel of the National Guard of South Caro- 
lina; appointed, after examination (July 7, 1908), Consul 
at Salina Cruz January 11, igio; Consul at Hull February 
26, 1912. 

Hathaway, jr., Charles Montgomery — Born in Deposit, N. Y., 
March 31, 1874; eilucated at Yale University i,B. A., M. A., 
Ph. D.); in real-estate and insurance business; instructor 
and tutor Adelphi College, Columbia University, and 
United States Naval Academy, 1902-1911; appointed, after 
examination (June 27, 1910), Consul at Puerto Plata August 
19, igii. 

Haven, Joseph Emerson -Born in Chicago, 111., January 19, 
1885; educated in the Chicago grammar and high schools; 
studied medicine one year; appointed, after examination 
(August 16, 1904), Commercial Agent at St. Christopher 
August 18, 1904; Consul June 22, 1906; Consul at Crefeld 
March 30, 1907; Consul at Roubaix June 10, 1908. 

Havens, Harry A.— Born in Whitehall, N. Y., October 28, 
1885; educated in public schools and Albany (N. Y.) 
Business College; graduate of National University law 
school (LL. B.l, 1911; clerk and stenographer for five years; 
appointed clerk in the Department of State at $900, on 
probation, under Civil Service rules, June 20, 1908; at 
$1,000 December i, igoS; class one June 23, 1909, to take 
efifect July 1, igog; class two August i, 1913. 

Hawkins, Richard Henry— Born August 15, 1863; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State March i, 1881; assistant 
messenger July 1, 1902; messenger November i, 1906. 

Hawley, Harry Franklin— Born in Newark, N. J., July s, 
1880; educated in the public schools of New York and 
under private instruction; employed in various clerical 
capacities in New York City, 1895-1902; in the Philippine 
civil service, 1902-igog; secretary to the American delega- 
tion to the Joint International Opium Commission, Shang- 
hai, January to March, igog; clerk in the American Em- 
bassy at Tokyo January 18 to June 30, 1909; appointed 
clerk in the American Embassy at Tokyo November i, 
1909. 



Hawley, William W.— Born December 3, 1872; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State August 22, 1907. 

Hayden, Arthur Dorr— Born in Taunton, Mass., February 
19, 1S81; educated at Lawrenceville School, Princeton L^ni- 
versity, and University of Virginia law school; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Gibraltar May 17, 1907. 

Haygood, William Askew- Born in Watkinsville, Ga., July 
8, 1852; graduated from Emory College, Oxford, Ga. 
(A. B.i; connected with a wholesale and retail house in 
Atlanta, Ga., nine years; practiced law fifteen years; im- 
porter of American specialties and manufacturers' agent 
in South Africa nine years; appointed V'ice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Cape Town August ii, 1911. 

Hays, Perry Coleman— Born in Mendon, Ohio, June 18, 1875; 
attended Leland Stanford, Jr., University two years, and 
graduated from the University of Washington (LL. B.), 
1905; taught school in Ohio and Montana, 1898-1901; county 
school superintendent in Montana, igo2-igo6; teacher in 
Philippine Normal School, 1907-1939, and in University of 
the Philippines, 1909-1911; appointed, after examination 
(April I, 1912), Consul at Zanzibar August 23, 1912. 

Hazeltine, Ross— Born in Monroe County, Ind., Sep- 
tember 7, 1883; home, Logansport, Ind.; graduate of 
Logansport high school; took two years' general course at 
Lake Forest College; a graduate (A. B.) of Indiana Uni- 
versity and took a law course there; engaged in newspaper 
work, 1902-3; supervising teacher in the Philippines, 1904- 
1906; special correspondent, 1907; in department of edu- 
cation, Porto Rico, 1908; appointed, after examination (July 

7, 1908), Student Interpreter in China January 14, igog; did 
not go to Peking; Consular Assistant March 3, 1909; Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Halifax March 17, 1909; 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Teneriffe June 2, 1910; Deputy 
Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro March 16, 1911; Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Buenos Aires August 15, 
1911 ; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Boma December 
13. 1911; retired from Boma August 29, 1013, and assigned 
to duty in the Department of State. 

Heard, William Wilson— Born in Frederick, Md., January 9, 
1887; attended the public schools of Frederick eight years 
and Baltimore Business College six months; enlisted in 
the United States Navy June 3, 1902, and served to January 

8, igoS; employed in various capacities in Frederick, 1908; 
clerk and stenographer, Baltimore, igog-rgi2; appointed 
Consular Agent at Fredericton June 13, 1912. 

Heck, Lewis — Born in Heckton Mills, Pa., February 20, 
1889; graduate of Lehigh University (A. B.), 1908; engaged 
in farming and survey work in summer vacations; ap- 
pointed, after examination (May 5, 1909), Student Inter- 
preter in Turkey June 2, igog; assigned to duty at the Con- 
sulate at Jerusalem September 20, 1910; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Jerusalem December 17, 1910; also 
Interpreter January 9, 1912; Deputy Consul-General and 
Interpreter at Constantinople August 26, 1912. 

Hedian, George Drum— Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Decem- 
ber 8, 1856; graduate Pennsvlvania State Normal School, 
B. E. (1874), M. E. D. (1879);' Columbia University, LL. B. 
(1883), LL. M. (1884); practiced law in Pennsylvania; official 
stenographer, orphan's court, Luzerne County. 1886-1S90; 
legal representative of mining companies in Ecuador since 
1899; appointed Consular Agent at Esraeraldas February 
19, 1908. 

Heenan, Thomas E. — Born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 29, 
1848; educated in private and public schools of Philadel- 
phia and the University of Pennsylvania; auditor of 
Stevens County, Minn., for four years; appointed Consul 
at Odessa October 29, 1885; Consul-General at Newchwang 
March 30. 1907; Consul June 10, 1908; Consul at Warsaw 
January 22, igog. 

Helm, Joseph— British subiect, born in Bavaria April 27, 
1856; manager of a steamship company in Penang; Con- 
sular Agent at Penang, 1883-1885; reappointed Consular 
Agent at Penang December 2, 1912. 

Heimke, William— Born in France July 8, 1847; naturalized 
in New Mexico in 1887; home, Leavenworth, Kans.; edu- 
cated in France and Germany by private tutors, later in 
private and public schools in New York City, and at the 
I'^nited States Military Academy at West Point, class of 
187s; served in and in connection with the United States 
Army from 1862 to 1880; general material, importing, and 
purchasing agent Mexican Central Railway, 18S1-82; gen- 
eral manager. Chihuahua and Durango telephone com- 
panies, 18&3-1887; member Grand Army of the Republic; 
life member American National Red Cross; honorary vice- 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



79 



president Lincoln University Endowment Association; 
appointed Vice-Consul at Chihualiua February 2, 1887, and 
in charge of the Consulate from May j, 1887; appointed 
Consul August iS, iSg-^; retired September 23, 1893; ap- 
pointed Second Secretary of the Legation at Mexico City 
May 3, 1897; Secretary of the Legation at Bogota July 18, 
igo6; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Guatemala March 10, igo8; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Salvador August 5, igog. 

Heimrod, George— Born in Bad Neuendorf, Prussia, No- 
vember 30, 1S45; home, Omaha, Nebr. ; educated in pub- 
lic schools and by private ttitors; attended commercial col- 
lege; manufacturer of mineral waters in Omaha, 1867-1874; 
sewing-machine business in New York, 1874-1877; whole- 
sale and retail grocer in Omaha, i877-i8g6; director of Ger- 
man Savings Bank and Mutual Loan and Building Asso- 
ciation; one of the founders of the Omaha Board of Trade; 
member of Nebraska Legislature, 1887-1889; county treas- 
urer Douglas County, 1896-igoo; appointed Consul-General 
at Apia November 23, igoi; Consul June 22, 1906; Consul at 
Berne May i, 1908. 

Heingartner, Alexander— Born in Xew York City, July 14, 
1857; home, New Philadelphia, Ohio; educated in public 
schools and business college in Poughkeepsie, N. Y.; 
deputy clerk in the county clerk's office at Canton, Ohio, 
1876-1878 ; bookkeeper in the Canton paper mills, 1878-1881; 
secretary and treasurer of the same company, 1882-1887; 
half owner and manager of paper mill at New Philadel- 
phia, Ohio, 1888-1893; engaged in the wholesale paper busi- 
ness, 1894-1898; appointed, after examination (August 10, 
i8g8). Consul at Catania August 11, 1898; Consul at Guelph 
September 15, 1905; Consul at Riga June 22, 1906; Consul 
at Batum June 10, 1908; Consul at Liege August 19,1911. 

Heingartner, Robert W.— Born in Canton, Ohio, February 
20, 1881; educated in publicschools in Ohio and four years 
under tutors in Europe; appointed Consular Agent at Ca- 
rini March 25, 1904; Deputv Consul at Trieste September 
12, 1904; Vice and Deputy Consul October 16, 1906; Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Vienna F"ebruary 27, 1907. 

Heintzleman, Percival— Born in Fayetteville, Pa., July 24, 
1880; attended public schools; graduated from Chambers- 
burg Academy in 1898, Pennsylvania College (A. B., 1901), 
and the University of Pennsylvania (A. B,, 1902); ap- 
pointed, after examination (October 23, 1902), Student In- 
terpreter in China October 25, 1902; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Canton October 5, 1904; Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul at Dalny October 8, 1906; retired as Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Dalny May, igo7; transferred from the 
consular service to the Department of State as assistant 
to the Third Assistant Secretary, on Far Eastern Affairs, 
June I, 1907; designated as assistant in the Division of Far 
Eastern Affairs March 20, 1908; appointed Consul at Swa- 
tow August 14, igo8, but did not go to post; detailed as 
Vice-Consul-General at Shanghai December 21, 1908; ap- 
pointed Consul at Chungking January 22, igog, but did not 
go to post; in charge of the Consulate-General at Shang- 
hai July I, igog, to September 6, igog; appointed in the Di- 
vision of Far Eastern Affairs, Department of State, in 
connection with foreign trade and treaty relations, Au- 
gust 31, igog; appointed Consul at Dalny June 24, 1910, but 
did not go to post; appointed Second Secretary of the 
Legation at Peking August 16, igio; Assistant Chief of the 
Division of Far Eastern Affairs June 27, igii. 

Heizer, Oscar Stuart- Born in Kossuth, Iowa, February 7, 
i868; preparatory and high-school education, three years 
scientific and literary course; course in law with corre- 
spondence school; assistant treasurer of the four Ameri- 
can missions in Turkey, i8g2-igo6; appointed Deputy Con 
sul-General (also Interpreter) at Constantinople May 21, 
1906; Vice and Deputy Consul-General January 18, igo8; 
also Marshal July 3, 19 ii. 

Hellgren, Harry Alexander —Born in Chicago, 111., January 

2y, 1889; attended the Norra Latin-Laroverket in Stock- 
holm seven years and evening classes at the Armour Insti- 
tute, Chicago, four terms; employed with a real-estate 
firm in Stockholm two years; with a firm of general con- 
tractors in Chicago three years, and with a real-estate and 
banking firm in Stockholm one year; appointed clerk in 
the American Legation at Stockholm March 1, 1913. 

Hellmund, Gottlieb Wilhelm— Dutch subject, born in the 
West Indies February 12, 1865; merchant; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Bonaire January 9, igoo. 

Henderson, Charles Barnes -Born in Chicago, 111., July 23, 
1863; educated in the public schools of Chicago; advertis- 
ing canvasser for various newspapers, 1892-1908; salesman, 
1908-1911: appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Johannes- 
burg. March 1, 1911. 



Henderson, William Dalton— Born in Ciudad Bolivar, Vene- 
zuela, of American parents May 25, 1889; educated at St. 
Mary's College, Trinidad, six years; Wimbleton College, 
Wimbleton, England, three years; by private tutors in 
Germany two years; attorney for firm of American ex- 
porters in Venezuela; appointed Consular Agent at Ciudad 
Bolivar December 7, 1910. 

Hendrick, iVlicbael J.— Born in Pcnn Vann, N. Y., Decem- 
ber 23, 1847; educated at Penn Yann Academy; engaged 
in commission business, 1889 1893; appointed, after exami- 
nation, Consul at Belleville May 20, 1893; Consul at Monc- 
ton June 10, 1908. 

Hengstler, Herbert C.~Born in Middletown, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 17, 1876; graduate of Middletown high school, Pitman 
and Howard Stenographic and Business College of Cin- 
cinnati, and George Washington University (LL. B.); 
with paper-manufacturing firm, i8g5-i8g8; appointed clerk 
in the Department of State at I900, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, August 13, 1898; permanently at same 
salary February 16, 1899; at $1,000 June 25, igoo, to take 
effect July i, 1900; class one July i, 1901; class two July 
I, 1902; served one year as secretary to a Member of Con-- 
gress; appointed clerk class three December 4, 1905; class 
four March 4, 1907; Chief of the Consular Bureau May 9, 
1907; member of the Board on Supplies for the Foreign 
Service; member of the Board of Examiners for the Con- 
sular Service. 

Henry, Frank Anderson-Born in Garden City, N. Y., De- 
cember m, 1S83; home, Wilmington, Del.; graduate of Le- 
high University (Ch. E.), igo6; employed by a chemical 
company in New York, 1906-igog, and in laboratory of a 
powder company in Wilmington, Del, 1910-1912; ap- 
pointed, after examination (April i, 1912), Consul at 
Guadeloupe August 23, igi2. 

"Henry, Milo Erwin— Born in Medora, 111., May 31. 1891; 
graduate of the high school, Medora, and Brown s Busi- 
ness College, St Louis; stenographer in St. Louis for six 
months; appointed clerk in the Department of State, on 
probation, at $900, under Civil Service rules, October 31, 
iqii; permanently at same salary May 2, 1912. 

Herrick, Myron T. — Born in Huntington, Ohio, October g, 
1854; home, Cleveland, Ohio; studied at Oberlin College 
and Ohio Wesleyan L^niversity; received honorary degree 
of A. M. from Ohio Wesleyan Universiyin i8gg; practiced 
law in Cleveland, 1878-1886; secretary and treasurer, 1886- 
1894, and president, 1894-1912, Society for Savings of Cleve- 
land; chairman board of directors. Wheeling & Lake Erie 
Railroad; officer or director in several other railway and 
financial enterprises and served as president of the Ameri- 
can Bankers' Association; trustee and treasurer, McKinley 
National Memorial Association; governor of Ohio, 1903- 
igo6; appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipo- 
tentiary to France February 15, igi2. 

Heydrlch, Alfred — Born in Cuba December 14, 1862; natu- 
ralized in New York April 2?, 1903; attended publicschools 
in Germany; secretary Matanzas Water Works Co.; presi- 
dent and manager of that company since 1903; appointed 
Consular Agent at Matanzas July 22, igos. 

Higgins, Edward— Born in Boston, Mass., May 30, 1856; 
home, Boston; educated in Cambridge, Mass., and at the 
Boston LJniversity School of Theology; traveling sales- 
man for five years; Methodist Episcopal clergyman for 
twenty years; appointed, after examination (June 16, 1903), 
Consul at Berne June 18, 1903; Consul at Stuttgart April 
29, 1907 

Hill, Harry S. — British subject, born in Canada August 29, 
1888; clerk in the consulate-general at Halifax two and 
one-half years; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Hali- 
fax September 20, igio. 

Hill, Nathaniel Isaac— Born in Kingston, Jamaica, of 
American parents, November 5, 1869; educated at the 
Bishop Scott Military Academy, Portland, Oreg.; engaged 
in mercantile and general banking business; appointed 
Consular .-^gentat Santiago, Panama, June 3, 1904. 

Hinckley, Frank Erastus-Born August 21, 1871; home, 
Oakland, Cal.; graduated from Beloit College (A. B., 1892; 
A. M., 1897) and from Columbia L^niversity (Ph. D., 1905I; 
admitted to the bar in California August, 1913; apixjinted 
clerk of the United States Court for China July 12, 1906; 
district attorney September 30, igio. 



8o 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Hinckley, Thomas-Born in Washington, D. C, August 4, 
i883; home, Washington, D. C; attended the public schools 
of the District of Columbia three years; Cloyne School, 
Newport, R. I., three years; Charlotte Hall, Maryland, 
one year; Steven's Preparatory School one year; and 
took six months' course in mechanical engineering at 
Steven's Institute of Technology; engaged in electrical 
engineering and clerical work at Provo, Utah, two years; 
in charge of mining claims at Park City, Utah, eighteen 
months; appointed, after examination ( December 4, igii), 
Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General at San 
Salvador February i, igi2. 

Hirscbfeld, Henry Louis— Dutch subject, born in Dutch 
Guiana June iq, 1872; represents American mining inter- 
ests in Dutch Guiana; appointed Consular Agent at Para- 
maribo August II, iQog. 

Hitcfa, Calvin Milton— Horn in Morven, Ga., July 28, i86q; 
graduate of Emory College (A. B.). 1888; practiced law 
and was prosecuting attorney for Brooks County, i8go- 
i8q6; member of the Georgia Legislature, 1896-97; ap- 
pointed executive secretary by three governors of Georgia 
and served as such, 1898-1907; private secretary to Senator 
Bacon, 1907-IQ10; general agent of an insurance company 
in Georgia, 1910-1013; appointed Assistant Chief of the 
Division of Latin-American Affairs July 2, 1913. 

Hitchcock, Henry B. -Born in Canton Center, Conn., March 
7, 1887; home. Ellenville, N. V.; attended high school at 
Jamestown. N. \'.. four years and Yale College four years; 
employed four summers at Chautauqua, N. V., in the 
baggage oftice of the institution and as assistant in the 
ticket office of the Chautauqua Steamboat Co.; ticket 
seller for the Boston Terminal Co. one year; appointed, 
after examination (January 31, 1912), Student Interpreter 
in Japan March 12, 1912. 

Hodgkins, Alton Ross— Born in Newcastle, Me., March ig, 
1890; educated in public schools of Newcastle and at Lin- 
coln Academy and graduated from Bates College (B. A.), 
1911; taught school ten weeks in Newcastle, igo7-8; prin- 
cipal of high school. Harmony, Me., for three months in 
igio; appointed clerk in the Department of State at $goo, 
on probation, under Civil Service rules. July 24, igii; per- 
manently at same salary Februarj' i, 1912; at f 1,000 August 
22, 1912. 

Hodson, Edward John— British subject, born in London, 
England, May 5, 1876; accountant and correspondence clerk 
with London firm of bankers and brewers, 1889-1906; ap- 
pointed clerk in the American Embassy at London June i, 
1906. 

Hodson, Francis -British subject, born in London, Eng- 
land, August II, 1868; junior clerk in the general post 
office, London, 1883-1886; appointed clerk in the American 
Embassy at London October 3, 1886. 

Hoffmann, Alfred -German subject, born in Prussia August 
ig, 1S90; draughtsman; clerk in the Consulate at Erfurt, 
igii; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Erfurt 
November 18, igii. 

Hoile, Laurence Harwood— British subject, born in Putney, 
England, October 30, 1875; stenographer and clerk; ap- 
pointed clerk in the American Embassy at Berlin January 
2o, 1903. 

Holaday, Ross Edgar Born in Westboro, Ohio, July 14, 
i86g; home, Wilmington, Ohio; graduated from the 
Wilmington, Ohio, high school; engaged in teaching; prac- 
ticed law; was a representative in the General Assem- 
bly of Ohio for two terms; clerk in the Wilmington post- 
office; appointed Consul at Santiago de Cuba June 6, 1902. 

Holcomb, jr., Thomas -Born in Newcastle, Del., August 5, 
1870; appointed second lieutenant in Marine Corps from 
Delaware March 21, 1900; first lieutenant March 3, 1903; 
captain May 13, 1908; assigned to duty as Attache at 
Peking December 4, 1911. 

Holden, Edward Chauvenet Born in Washington, D. C, 
June 22, 1877; graduated from the San Jose (Cal.) high 
school in 1894; attended the University of California two 
years and the Washington LJnivcrsity, St. Louis, Mo., 
two years; employed in various clerical positions in 
Indianapolis, Ind., and Philadelphia, Pa , 1897 1905; he'd 
various positions on Brazilian staff of a steamship com- 
pany, 1905-iqii; re])resentative of American manufac- 
turers in Brazil; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Para May g, 1912. 



Holder, Charles Adams— Born in New York City November 
2, 1872; graduated from New York public schools in 1887; 
attended St. Paul's School at Garden City, St. Paul's 
School at Concord, Columbia College, and Jefferson Med- 
ical College, Philadelphia; was assistant demonstrator of 
therapeutics at Jefferson Medical College for two years; 
assistant editor of Progressive Medicine two years; prac- 
ticed medicine in Colorado Springs, 1900-1909; appointed, 
after examination (November 10, 1908), Consul at Rouen 
May 31, igog; Consul-General at Christiania August 22, 
igi2. 

Holland, Philip— Born in Murray, Calloway County Ky., 
August 26, 1877; home, Jackson, Tenn.; attended public 
schools for nine years and McFerrin College, Martin, 
Tenn., two years; taught school one year; attended South- 
western Baptist University three years; studied law in 
that university and graduated in 1902; practiced law in 
Tennessee, 1902-1910; appointed, after examination (July 
7, iqo8). Consul at Puerto Plata March 7, 1910; Consul at 
Saltillo August ig, 1911; Consul at Basel June 26, 1913. 

Holliday, John— Born in Cleveland, Ohio, March 28, 1882; 
attended the Sackett School, Cleveland, five yearsand the 
Catholic Bohemian School, Cleveland, three years; ship- 
ping clerk for a Cleveland firm two years; in the United 
States Marine Corps, 1904-1912; appointed Marshal at 
Hankow March ii 1912; also Deputy Consul-General Oc- 
tober I, 1913. 

Hollis, William Stanley— Born in Chelsea, Mass., in 1866; 
home, Boston, Mass.; educated m the Massachusetts pub- 
lic schools and the United States Naval Academy; in the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 1888-89; appointed clerk 
in the Consulate at Cape Town July i, 1889; Consular 
Agent at Port Natal March 18, 1891; Consul at Mozam- 
bique August 18, 1892; Consul at Lourenco Marques Janu- 
ary 6, i8g8, and while holding that post was in charge of the 
Consulate at Pretoria December 15, 1899, to February 10, 
iqoo; appointed Consul at Dundee May 31, 1909; Consul- 
General at Beirut December 19, 1910. 

Hoimann, Charles— Born in Germany, 1836; merchant; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at San Juan del Sur April 10, 1886. 

Holmes, James Obelton— Born May 15, 1879; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State July 2, igo6; assistant 
messenger December i, 1906. 

Honaker, Samuel William— Born in Tampa, Fla., March 14, 
1887; attended the public and high schools of Piano, Tex., 
nine years, Bingham Preparatory School, Asheville, N. C, 
two years, and L^niversity of Virginia five years (A. B., 
A. M.); clerk in railroad office at Amarillo, Tex., 1909-10; 
with the La Plata Cold Storage Co , Puerto la Plata, Ar- 
gentina, 1912-13; clerk in the American Consulate-General 
at Rio de Janeiro since March, 1913; appointed Deputy 
Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro July 19, 1913. 

Hood, Hugh Seneca— Born in Ripley, Ohio, May 4, 1864; 
educated in the public schools of (3hio; stenographer in 
various offices in Chattanooga, Tenn., 1890-1900; stenog- 
rapher and clerk for Port Elizabeth municipality, igoo- 
1909; clerk in consulate at Durban since February 8, igog; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul December u, igog. 

Hoover, Charles Louis— Born in Oskaloosa, Iowa, January 
II, 1872; home, Bolivar, Mo.; graduated from high school 
in 1888; attended the L^niversity of Missouri; employed by 
a cattle company in Idaho; assistant engineer in mining 
company until 1893; attended Corner University, Lincoln, 
Nebr., for two years; school principal at Maple Creek, 
Nebr., and Edgemont, S. Dak., until January, 1898; entered 
the Railway Mail Service in 1898; served in the Post 
Office Department and bureau of education in the Philip- 
pine Islands; division superintendent of schools; appointed, 
after examination (July 7, igog). Consul at Madrid June 
4, igoq; Consul at Carlsbad August 22, 1912. 

Horton, George— Born in Fairville, N. Y., October 11, 1859; 
graduate of two liigh schools and the University of Michi- 
gan and George Washington LTniversity; on editorial 
staff of the Chicago Record-Herald; appointed Consul at 
Athens May 17, 1893; retired March 15, iSq8: reappointed 
January g, 1905; appointed Consul-General June 22. 1906; 
Consul at Saloniki January 10, igio; Consul-General at 
Smyrna August 19. igii. 

Hostetter, Louis — Born in New York City August 14, i85g; 
home, Omaha, Nebr.; attended public school and the Col- 
lege of New York; engaged in manufacturing and in 
general merchandise business; appointed, after examina- 
tion (April 26, igos), Consul at Hermosillo May i, igoj. 



BlOGRArillCAL STATEMENT. 



Hough, Frances Rozetfa -Horn in Cleveland, Ohio; edu- 
cated in a jii'^'-i^te school of Cleveland and in public 
schools and Mt. Vernon Institute of Washington, D. C; 
served as a private secretary for three years; appointed 
clerk in the Office of the Superintendent of Public Docu- 
ments, Ciovernment Printing Office, June, iSgg; trans- 
ferred to the Department of State as clerk class one May 
13, iq07. 

Hough, Henry H. — Born in St. Pierre, Mujuelon, Januarys, 
1S71 ; appointed a midshipman from Massachusetts Septem- 
ber 6, 1S87; ensign July i, 1893; lieutenant (junior grade) 
March 5, iSqg; lieutenant October 10, 1899; lieutenant com- 
mander January I, 1Q06; commander May kj, ioii; assigned 
to duty as Naval Attache at Paris and St. Petersburg No- 
vember S, iqio. 

Howell, Humphrey Daniel Born in Washington, D. C, 
December 25, 1890; educated in high school and George 
Washington University; stenographer and correspondent; 
appointed clerk in the Department of State at $1,200 per 
annum, temporarily, August 25, igog; clerk at fgoo, on pro- 
bation, October 30, igog; permanently at same salary May 
23, 1910; at $r,ooo October 21, igio: class one October 6, 
igii, to take effect October 16, igii. 

Howells, David John— British subject, born in Lidney, 
England, April 28, 1865; independent business man; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Odessa September 18, 
igi2. 

Hoyerman, Frederick— Born in Germany September 24, 1862; 
naturalized by superior court. Cook County, Jl!., October 
iQ, t8g4; clerk in Bremen Consulate since i8gq; appointed 
Deputy Consul at Bremen June 11, 1903; Vice and Deputy 
Consul August 25, 1904. 

Hoyt, Edna K. — Born in Cold water, Mich.; college educa- 
tion; appointed clerk class one in the Department of 
State, under E.xecutive order, July i, 1904. 

Huggins, Harold Clarkson— Born in Portland, Oreg., June 
2, 18S5; attended Stanford University three years and 
University of Chicago one year (Ph. B.); stenographer; 
teacher; appointed Student Interpreter in Japan April i, 
igio; Vice and Deputy Consul and Interpreter at Nagasaki 
December 5, 1912. 

Hunt, Bert L.— Born in North Fork, Pa., January 2g, 1884, 
graduated from high school, Genesee, Pa., igoo; attended 
teachers' training school one year; commercial school one 
year; graduated from Georgetown University law school 
(LL. B.), igi?; member of the bar of the District of Co- 
lumbia; taught school at Ellisburg, Pa., igoi-2; ste- 
nographer for Goodyear Lumber Co., Galeton, Pa., igo3; 
stenographer and bookkeeper, F. W. Higgins&Co., Olean, 
N. Y., igoj-igoS; appointed clerk in the Department of State 
at $900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, July 15, 
igo8; permanently at same salary January 15, 1909; class 
one June 23, igog, to take effect July i, igog; class two 
December 23, igio, to take effect January i, 1911. 

Hunt, John Stuart — Born in Victoria, Te.x., August 23, 
1885; home, Mctoria; attended grammar and high schools 
in Victoria four years, Presbyterian College of South Caro- 
lina two years, Tulane I'niversity (La.l one year; studied 
with private tutor three years; attended National Uni- 
versity law school, Washington, D. C, two years, and 
George Washington University two years; tax collector 
of Victoria County one-half year; in Adjutant General's 
Office, War Department, four years; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Calcutta June 30, 1913. 

Hunt, Joseph B. — British subject, born in Guelph, Ontario, 
in 1864; manager of telegraph and express office in Owen 
Sound for many years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Owen Sound November 13, 1911. 

Hunt, William Henry— Born in Nashville, Tenn., June 28, 
i36g; educated at Lawrence Academy, Groton, Mass., and 
Williams College, Williamstown; was employed in New 
York City for a time and later as clerk in the American 
Consulate at Tamatave; appointed Vice-Consul at Tama- 
tave May 20, iSgg; Consul August 23, 1901; Consul at St. 
Etienne November i, 1906. 

Hunter, William Dulany -Born in Georgetown, D. C, Au- 
gust 29, 1866; educated at the Georgetown University, 
Washington, D. C; appointed, after examination (De- 
cember, 1888), Consular Clerk December 13, 1888: served 
in the Consulate at Liverpool from June, i88g, to Novem- 
ber, iSgo; in the Consulate-General at Paris from Feb- 
ruary, i8qi, to October, iSgj; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Shanghai June 23, i8g3; was in charge 



of the Consulate-General from November, i8g3, to May, 
1894; resigned as Vice and Deputy Consul-General May 
8, i8g5; appointed Vice-Consul to establish a Consulate at 
Harput, Turkey, June, 18^5; attached to the Legation at 
Constantinople from December, 1895, to January, i8g6; 
designated to make an inspection of consulates in the 
West Indies and certain consulates in South America No- 
vember 20, i8g6; appointed Deputy Consul-General at 
Cairo June i, 1898; also Vice-Consul-General at Cairo 
May 23, i8gg; retired as Vice-Consul-General and as Dep- 
uty Consul-General at Cairo July 10, 1902; appointed Con- 
sul at Nice March 30, igo;. 

Hurst, Carl Bailey — Born in Bremen, Germany, of Ameri- 
can parents August 16, 1867; attended Phillips Exeter 
Academy, Harvard College, and graduated from the 
University of Tiibingen, Germany (M. A. and Ph. D.), in 
rSgi; appointed Consul at Catania July 22, 1892; Con- 
sul at Crefeld September 23, i8g3; Consul at Prague 
March 22, i8g5; Consul-General at 'Vienna June 8, 1897; re- 
signed March 27, 1903; appointed Consul at La Guaira 
October 19, 1904; Consul at Plauen August 23, 1905; 
Consul at Lyon December 14, igio. 

Hutchinson, Wallace C— Born in Vermont July 20, iS^is; 
graduate of Vermont State Normal School; planter; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Tela April 12, 1905. 

Hynes, Edward T.— Born in Washington, D. C, July 
24, i87g; educated in public schools of Baltimore, Mary- 
land Business College, and by tutors; bookkeeper and 
clerk in Baltimore, 1895-igoi; clerk in Washington navy- 
yard, 1901; stenographer under Philippine civil service, 
igo2-igo4; stenographer with steamship line in Baltimore, 
rgos; stenographer. Isthmian Canal service, 1905-6; ste- 
nographer at navy-yard, Norfolk, igoj-igio; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $r,ooo, temporarily, 
under Civil Service rules, April 16, 1910; on probation at 
$1,000 July I, igio; permanent at same salary January 3, 
1911 ; class one June 27, igii. 

Ifft, George Nicolas— Born in Butler County, Pa., January 
27, 1865; home, Pocatello, Idaho; attended the public 
schools and Witherspoon Institute, Butler, Pa.; gradu- 
ated from Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pa., 
and attended the University of Leipzig; employed as 
reporter on Pittsburgh, Chicago, Denver, and Salt Lake 
City newspapers; editor of the Pocatello (Idaho) Tribune 
for twelve years; appointed, after examination (May 15, 
1905), Consul at Chatham May 19, 1905; Consul at Anna- 
berg June 22, 1906; Consul at Warsaw June 10, igoS; Con- 
sul at Nuremberg January 21, igog. 

Ince, James Edward Audley— British subject, born in Bar- 
bados January 7, 1887; clerk in the Consulate at Barbados 
since June 30, igio; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Barbados November g, igio. 

Ingram, Augustus Eugenio— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 
g, 1867; educated at Shrewsbury School, England, and by a 
tutor; in law office in Los Angeles five years; appointed 
clerk, under Civil Service rules, in the Department of Agri- 
culture, April 12, 1898; transferred to the Department of 
State March 31, 1900, and detailed for duty in the office of 
the Third Assistant Secretary of State; appointed, after 
examination (May 10, 1902), Consular Clerk May 15, 1902; 
Deputy Consul-General at Paris December 13, igo2; Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Paris July 20. igo3; retired 
as Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Paris December, 
igo3; assigned to duty in the Consulate-General at Ant- 
werp December, igo3; appointed Vice-Consul at Notting- 
ham June 17, igo4; Vice-Consul-General at Stockholm 
June 8, 1905; in charge of the Consulate-General at Stock- 
holm from June 16, 1^05, to August 16, 1905; appointed 
Vice-Consul at Nottingham August i, 1905; Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul-General at Paris December 22, 1905; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Berlin July 7, igo6; retired 
as Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Berlin January, 
igo7; assigned to duty in the Consulate-General at Mon- 
treal January, igo7; appointed Consul at Warsaw March 
30, 1907, but did not serve; assigned to duty in the Depart- 
ment of State at Washington June, 1907; appointed Consul 
at Calais August 15, 1907, but did not serve; Consular 
.Assistant July i, rgo8; Consul at Bradford June 2, 1909. 

Ingram, Joseph Clarence— Born in Sutter County, Cal., 
July 25, 1867; ^educated in the public schools of California 
and under private tutors; in the hospital service. United 
States Navy, five years; pharmacist; practicing dentist; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at La Paz, Mexico, 
July 17, igi2. ■ ' 



s 1 1 70- 



82 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Irani, Feriborze Behram -Persian subject, born in Bombay, 
India, December ii, i8qo; teacher of English in Teheran 
and attended parliamentary sessions in Teheran for news- 
paper correspondents; appointed clerk in the American 
Legration at Teheran March 8, 1912. 

Irons, James A.— Born in Pennsylvania February 2:, 1857; 
appointed a military cadet July i, 1875; second lieutenant 
Twentieth Infantry June 13, 1879; graduated from the 
Infantry and Cavalry School, 1885; appointed first lieu- 
tenant May 14, 1887: captain August 25, 189s; major of 
engineers June 13, 1898: honorably discharged February 
16, 1899; appointed major February 2, 1901; detailed as 
inspector-general February 28, 1901; assigned to Sixteenth 
Infantry March i, igi.s; appointed lieutenant colonel F'our- 
teenth Infantry April 9, 1905; colonel Twentieth Infantry 
June 26, 1909; Military Attache at Tokyo April 17, 1907, to 
March 7, 1910; reassigned to duty as Military Attache at 
Tokyo November 8, 1913. 

Ives, Ernest Linwood—Born in Norfolk, Va., October 17, 
1887; attended public schools eight years, Norfolk Acad- 
emy two years, \'irginta Military Institute one year, and 
William and Mary College two years; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Mannheim June 7, 1909; Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Magdeburg November 17, 1910. 

Jackson, Daniel Hill British subject, born in Jamaica Feb- 
ruary II, 1877; clerk in Port Antonio Consulate since 1898; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Commercial Agent at Port 
Antonio September 30, i8gg; Vice and Deputy Consul June 
30, 1906. 

Jackson, George H.- Born in Natick, Mass., February 28, 
1863; attended public and high schools, graduating in 1880; 
graduated from Madison University, Hamilton, N. V.; 
studied at Vale University and Shaw University; entered 
the ministry; medical missionary in the Kongo State, 
1893-1895; assistant instructor in Yale medical school; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July 19, iSjy), Consul at 
Cognac July 28, 1897; ("onsul at La Kochelle May 25, 
i8g8; Consul at Cognac June 10, 1908, 

Jackson, Irving -Born April 3, 1877; appointed laborer in 
the Department of State July 2, igo6; assistant messenger 
January 2, 1907; messenger July i, 1907; assistant messenger 
July 13, 1909. 

Jackson, Jesse B.— Born in Paulding, Ohio, November ig, 
1871; educated in the public schools of Paulding, Ohio; 
served in Spanish-American War; enrolling clerk, Ohio 
House of Representatives, 1900-1901; employed in insur- 
ance and real-estate business: appointed, after examination 
(March g, 1905), Consul at Alexandretta March 17, 1905; 
Consul at Aleppo June 10, 1908. 

James, John H. -Born in Urbana, (Jhio, November 18, 
1869; graduate of the L'rbana University (B. A), 1891; 
University of Michigan (LI,. B,\ 1893; engaged in the 
practice of law, 1893 1903, and in newspaper work, 1904- 
1911; appointed Chief of the Division of Information, De- 
partment of State, August 30, to take effect October 15, 1913. 

Jameson, Herbert Denny—British subject, born in London 
July 26, 1876; clerk in Consulate-General at London since 
1894; appointed Deputy Consul-General at London August 
12, 1911. 

Jameson, Jay Paul -Born in Washington, D. C, Novem- 
ber 5, 1883; home, Washington; attended public and private 
schools; graduate of Dickinson College (Ph. B.), 1907; ste- 
nographer and typewriter, 1903; appointed, after examina- 
tion (August 4, 1907), Student Interpreter in China August 
27, 1907; appointed Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter 
at Shanghai November 1, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General April 25, 1910; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
and Interpreter at Hankow December 2, 1911. 

Janer, Ramon Isaac - Born in Las Piedras, Porto Rico, June 
3, 1888; naturalized in the District of Columbia; graduated 
from the University of Porto Rico, igo6, and the George 
Washington University (A. B. 1, 191 2; clerk with a tobacco 
companv in Porto Rico, 1906-7; clerk in the War De- 
partment, Washington, 1907 1912; appointed clerk in 
the American Legation at Santo Domingo October 18, 
1912; Deputy Consul-General at Santo Domingo June 11, 



Jefferson, Benjamin Lafayette— Born in Columbus, Ga., 
October 26, 1871; graduate of Georgia schools and Uni- 
versity of Maryland (A. B. and M D.); engaged in the 
practice of medicine at Littleton, Colo., 1892-1895, and later 
in Routt Comity; member of the House of Representa- 



tives of Colorado, 1898-1900; member of the Senate of 
Colorado, igoo-1908; presidential elector on Democratic 
ticket, igo8; registrar of the State board of land commis- 
sioners of Colorado, igo8-i9i3; home, Steamboat Springs, 
Colo.; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Nicaragua June 21, 1913. 

Jenkins, Douglas Born in Adams Run, S. C, February 
6, 1880; home. Greenville, S. C; attended private school 
and graduated from the Porter Military Academy, 
Charleston, S. C, in 1897; member of the Sumter Guards 
at Charleston; was employed as clerk and law student, 
1897 1901; admitted to the bar in May, igoi; law clerk and 
practicing attorney, 1901-1903; became a reporter on the 
Greenville News in 1903, and later became city editor; ap- 
pointed, after examination (April 7. 1908). Consul at St. 
Pierre June 22, 19(8; Consul at Goteborg March 8, 1912. 

Jenkinson, Charles -Born in Rhode Island July 26, 1884; 
educated in grammar and high schools and business col- 
lege in Rhode Island; appointed copyist in the Bureau of 
Navigation, Navy Department, at $720, on probation, 
under Civil Service rules, February 27, 1905; at $840 May 
13, (905; permanently at same salary September 14, 1905; 
transferred to the Department of State as clerk at $goo 
January 3, 1906; appointed at $1,000 March 4, 1907; class 
one July i, 1907; class two June 23, igog, to take effect July 
I, igog; detailed as clerk to the Agency of the I'nitea 
States in the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration 
before the Permanent Court at Tne Hague, igio; on special 
detail at the American Embassy in Mexico City February 
21 to May 5, 1913; special representative of the American 
National Red Cross to attend to the repatriation of destitute 
American refugees from Mexico June i to 26, 1913. 

Jernigaa, Walter Barry— Born in Johnson County, N. C, 
April g, 1877; attended public and preparatory schools and 
commercial school; appointed clerk in the Department of 
State at $900, on probation, under Civil Service rules. 
March 18. 1907; at |i,ooo March 28, 1907; class one October 
31, 1907; class two June i, igog; clerk in the American 
Legation at Peking January i, igii; resigned October 5, 
1912; reinstated as clerk at $goo in the Department of 
State February 14, 1913. 

Jerome, Thomas Spencer— Born in Saginaw, Mich., Janu- 
ary 24, 1864; graduate (Ph. B.) of LTniversity of Michigan 
and (M. A.) Harvard University; practiced law in Detroit 
twelve years; counsel to United States Transportation 
Commission, War Department, 1898; appointed Consular 
Agent at Sorrento January 10, 1900; Consular Agent at 
Capri January 23, igoi. 

Jewel, Lindsey L — Born in Montgomery County, Va, No- 
vember 24, 1877; graduate of Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
(B. S., C. E.); draftsman for bridge and construction com- 
pany, 1903-190S; engineer for construction company, 190,-6, 
and manager of erection, 1906-1912; president Central 
American Construction Co. at Colon; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Colon September 26, 1913. 

Jewell, John F.— Born in Scales Mound, 111., May n, 1874; 
home, (jalena, 111.; attended Warren Academy, Charles 
City (Iowa) Academy, and the law department of the 
L'niversity of Michigan; lawyer; appointed, after exami- 
nation (June 3, 1902), Consul at Martinique June 9, 19,02; 
Consul at St. Michael's June 22, 1906; Consul at Melbourne 
June 10, igoB; Consul at Vladivostok August 19, 1911. 

Jewett, Milo A.— Born in Sivas, Turkey, of American 
])arents, October 27, 1857; attended private schools in Ver- 
mont and the public schools of Milwaukee, Wis.; gradu- 
ated from Harvard University (M. D.), 1881; member of 
Massachusetts Medical Society and Canandaigua, N. Y., 
Medical Society; assistant physician at Brigham Hall, 
Canandaigua; assistant superintendent of the Danvers In- 
sane Asylum ten years; appointed Consul at Sivas March 
29, 1892; served with international commission to investi- 
gate Sassouan massacres; appointed Consul at Trebi/.ond 
December 11. 1905; Consul at Kehl December 20, igii. 

Joblin, Miller— Born inl3atesville. Ark., December g, 1875; 
graduate of Arkansas College (B. S.); in oil business 
at -Saigon; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Saigon 
March 24, igog. 

Johnson, Alfred W.— Born in Pennsylvania November 18, 
1S76; appointed a naval cadet at large May 20, 1895; ensign 
January 28, igoi; lieutenant (junior grade) January 28, 
1904, lieutenant January 12, 1905; lieutenant commander 
July I, ign; assigned to duty as Naval Attache at San- 
tiago, Chile, February m, 1912. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Jobnson, Felix S. S.- Horn in WashinKio", D. C, Janu- 
ary Q, iS6q; home, X'incland, N. J ; educated in tlie 
Vineland (N. J.) high school, Picton Academy, and Bonn 
University; practiced law; appointed Deputy Consul at 
Kehl January 12, 1887; Consular Agent at I""reiburg April 
28, 1891; retired October, 1892; appointed Commercial 
Agent at Stanbridge December 18, iSgg; Consul at Puerto 
Cortes Julv ig, 1905; Consul at Bergen August 17, 1906; 
Consul at Kingston, Ontario, January 10, 1910. 

Johnson, Frank — Appointed laborer in the Department of 
State July 2, igo6; assistant messenger July 12, 1906. 

Jobnson, Hallett-Born in New York City November 26, 
1S88; home, South Orange, N J.; graduated from Williams 
College (A. B,), iqo8, and Columbia University (LL. B.X 
1911; practiced law in New York City, 1911-12; member 
of the Seventh Regiment National Guard of New York; 
appointed, after examination (May 27, 1912I, Third Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at London August 22, 1912. 

Jobnson, Henry Abert— Born in Washington, D. C, May 9, 
185s; educated in the public schools of Washington; was 
appointed a cadet midshipman in the Naval Academy 
and graduated in 1877- resigned from the Navy in 1881; ap- 
pointed Consul at Venice March 29, 18S6; Consul at Valen- 
cia May I, 1903; Consul at Liege March 30, 1907; Consul at 
Ghent August rg, igii. 

Johnson, Jesse H. — Born in Clarksburg, W. Va., Septem- 
ber 6, 18^3; home, Columbus, Tex.; attended the academy 
and public schools in Clarksburg; sheriflf of Colorado 
County, Tex., in i86g; district clerk of same county, 1876- 
1882; tax collector, 1886-1894; appointed, after examination 
(November 10, i899\ Consul at Coaticook November 10, 
1899; Consul at Santos September 20, igoi; Consul at 
Swansea March 30, 1907; Consul at Matamoros January 
12, igio. 

Johnson, John David— Born in \'ermont November 3, i88.); 
attended imblic schools of Vermont and Eastman Business 
College, and graduated from Georgetown University 
(I, L. B.), iqoS; member of the bar of the District of Colum- 
bia; stenographer and typewriter in business offices and 
public stenographer, 1902-1Q04; appointed clerk in navy- 
yard, Portsmouth, N. H., at I720, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, November 12, 1904; resigned April 30, 1905: 
appointed clerk in the Post-Office Department at $900, on 
probation, under Civil Service rules. May i, 1905; resigned 
July 6, 1905; appointed clerk in the Department of State 
at $900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, July 7, 
1905; permanently at same salary January 6, igo6; class 
one July 2, igo6; class two March 4, 1907; class three June 
1, 1909; detailed as clerk to the Agency of the L^nited 
States in the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration 
before the Permanent Court at The Hague, 1910. 

Johnson, Nelson Truster — Born in Washington, D. C., April 
3. 1887; spent twelve years in public and private schools, 
and two years in George Washington University; ap- 
pointed, after examination (August 14, i907\ Student In- 
terpreter in China August 27, 1907; . Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General and Interpreter at Mukden November 
I, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul and Interpreter at Har- 
bin April 18, igio; Vice and Deputy Consul-General and 
Interpreter at Hankow July 30, igio; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General and Interpreter at Shanghai December 2, 
igii; Mixed Court Assessor; designated to exercise judicial 
authority and jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases June 7, 
1913- 

Johnston, Frederick E. — Born in Iowa February 22, 1875; 
appointed second lieutenant First Infantry June n, i8g7; 
second lieutenant Eleventh Infantry August 7, 1897; trans- 
ferred to Seventh Artillery April 2, i8gS; first lieutenant 
March 26, i8gg; captain Artillery Corps August 22, 1901; 
detailed as paymaster May 29, 1906, to May 28, 1910; major 
Coast Artillery Corps April 12, 1911: designated as Military 
Attache at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. November i, 1913. 

Johnston, Matthew Pitt Born in Chariton, Iowa, Septem- 
ber 2, 1878; educated in the Chariton high school and 
Highland Park College, Des Moines, Iowa: traveling 
representative of a threshing-machine company of Racine, 
Wis., 1902-1909; engaged in the real-estate business in 
Lethbridge since 1909; appointed Consular Agent at 
Lethbridge February 18, 1913. 

Jones, Arthur Mason—Born in New York City November 
20, 1886; home. New York City; attended Groton School, 
Groton, Mass., six years; graduated from Harvard Uni- 
versity (A. B.\ igoq; studied international law at Oxford 
University one year; appointed, after examination (Decem- 
ber 4, igii). Secretary of the Legation at Managua Feb- 
ruary I, lgi2. 



Jones, John Edward Born in Washington, D. C, Febru- 
ary 21, 1866: attended public and preparatory schools and 
(ieorgetown University; graduated in medicine from Co- 
lumbian University; engaged in the practice of medicine; 
employed one year under the Washington City post office; 
secretary to United States Senator; clerk to tlie Senate 
Committee on National Banks; appointed Consul at Dalny 
July 7, 1905; Consul-General January 11, 1906; reappointed 
Consul June 22, igo6; appointed Consul at Winnipeg March 
30, igo7; Consul-General June 10, 190S; Consul-General at 
Genoa September i8, 1913. 

Jones, Russell Columbus — Burn in Irving, Kans., Decem- 
ber 24, 1S90; educated in public schools and at Central 
Kansas Business College; employed as stenographer with 
various concerns in Kansas, 1910-11; appointed clerk in 
the Department of State, at $900, under Civil Service rules, 
November i. rgu; at $tooo May i, 1913. 

Jones, Walter Stanley— British subject, born in Turks 
Island May 17, 1858; commission merchant and steamship 
agent; appointed Vice-Consul at Turks Island October 9, 
i8gs; Vice and Deputy Consul September 24, igog. 

Josselyn, Paul Reitler— Born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, De- 
cember 18, rSSs; attended the public schools of Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa; graduated from Beloit (Wis.) College 
(B. A.) in igog, and took a special course at George 
Washington University one year; employed as clerk and 
stenographer by various business concerns; appointed 
clerk in the office of the Chief of Ordnance, War Depart- 
ment, August, igog; after examination. Student Interpreter 
in China April 20, 1910; Deputy Consul-General at Tien- 
tsin July 26, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Tientsin November 22, 1912; also Interpreter March i, 1913. 

Jouard, Elisee— Born in France in 1851; naturalized in 
New York; educated in French high school; retired mer- 
chant of Cognac; appointed Consular Agent at Cognac 
February 11, iSgg; Vice and Deputy Consul June 17, 1908. 

Jova, John F. -Born in Cuba October 4, 1856; naturalized 
in New York November 14, 1879; educated in United 
States; managerof private property; interpreter to United 
States military government at Sagua la Grande; ap- 
pointed Vice-Consul at Sagua la Grande January 5, 1897; 
retired April, i8g8; appointed Consular Agent May 9, 1903. 

Judelsohn, Montefiore— Born in New York City June 30, 
1889; home. New York City; graduated from the College 
of the City of New York (B. A.), igii; assistant teacher of 
physical training in the New York City vacation play- 
grounds, igog-igii; substitute teacher in the New York 
City public schools from September, 191 1, to March, 1912; 
teacher in the New York City evening schools, 1912; ex- 
aminer for the committee on school inquiry of the board 
of estimate and apportionment of the City of New York 
during March and April, 1912; appointed, after examina- 
tion (January 31, 1912), Student Interpreter in Turkey 
March 12, 1912. 

Kavanagb, William J.— Born in Albany, N. Y., June 30, 
.1869; educated in the public schools of Rochester, N. Y., 
preparatory school, and by private tutors; was private sec- 
retary, first, to the head of a manufacturing and later to 
the resident manager of an export and commission house; 
bookkeeper and clerk five years; Spanish correspondent 
three years; appointed special laborer in Navy Depart- 
ment at $3.04 per diem, on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, December 3, 1903; permanently at same salary June 
3, 1904; clerk at fi,ooo July i, 1905; transferred and ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $goo June 12, 
igo6; class one March 4, igo7; class two June i, igog; de- 
tailed for special dutj' at the American Embassy at Mexico 
City March 22 to May 25, ign, during the Madero revolu- 
tion; appointed clerk class one May 26, 1911. 

Keena, Leo John — Born in Detroit, Mich., April 12, 1878; 
attended public and parochial schools in Detroit, Detroit 
College, and the University of Michigan; seaman on 
U. S. S. Vo.u-iiiitc in 18118; engaged in mining, lumbering, 
and office-equipment business; resident of Detroit; ap- 
pointed, after examination (November 10, 1908), Consul at 
Chihuahua May 31, igog; Consul at Florence December 14, 
1910. 

Keene, Francis Bowler- Born in Milwaukee, Wis., Decem- 
ber II, 1856; home, Milwaukee; graduate of Harvard, 
1880; was employed on railroad engineer corps and as 
agent for coal-mining company; newspaper editor; mem- 
ber of the Wisconsin Legislature; appointed, after exami- 
nation. Consul at Florence March 24, 1903; Consul at 
Geneva March 23, 1905. 



84 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Keeton, Luther 0.— Born in Toomsuba, Miss., March 28, 
1878; attended public and high schools and graduated 
from Wyatt's Business College, Meridian, Miss ; took 
course in higher accounting with the International Ac- 
countants' Society, Detroit, Mich.; bookkeeper and rail- 
road office man si.\ years; traveling salesman for va- 
rious business concerns eight years; served as private 
in the First Mississippi Volunteers April to December, 
i8q8, during which time was detailed as regimental 
surgeon's clerk; did cost accounting in eastern manu- 
facturing plant one year; appointed clerk in the De- 
partment of State at $1,000, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, February i, igog; permanently at same sal- 
ary August 2, iqog; class one November 22, igog; class two 
May 26, igii; Consular Agent at Cabano August 16, igi^, 
but did not go to post; Consular Agent at Edmundston 
September 11, igi.s. 

Kehl, John E. — Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, October 10, 
1870; home, Cincinnati; high-school and business-college 
education; studied for the wood-carving profession; 
cashier and bookkeeper for si.x years; conducted print- 
ing and publishing business until i8g7; appointed, after 
examination (October i;^, 18^7), Consul at Stettin October 
IS, 1897; Consul at Sydney, Nova Scotia, June 10, igo8; 
Consul at Saloniki August ig, igii. 

Kelley, William Fitch — Born in Fremont, Ohio, December 
2, 1864; graduate of Hillsdale College (Ph. B.), 1887; prac- 
ticed law in Lincoln, Nebr., for twenty-two years; ap- 
pointed clerk to the Secretary of State October i, igi3. 

Kellogg, James C— Born in "Woodville, Miss., in i8sg; 
home, New Orleans, La.; attended public and private 
schools of New Orleans and the University of the South 
at Sewanee and studied in the universities of Germany, 
France, and Austria for eight years; graduated in phar- 
macy and medicine from Vanderbilt University; prac- 
ticed medicine; appointed Consul at Stettin March ji, i8qo; 
retired September, i8g3; appointed Consul at Barranquilla 
February 3, igos; Consul at Colon May 27, 1905. 

Kemeny, Hugh — Hungarian subject, born January 23, 1880; 
bookkeeper; employed as clerk in the Consulate-General 
at Budapest October, igog; appointed Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral July 25, igio. 

Kemper, Graham Hawes— Born in Bethany, W. Va., April 
15, 1877; educated at Transylvania University (B. S.), Ken- 
tucky State University (M. S.), George Washington Uni- 
versity, and Georgetown University; teacher in the United 
States and in Philippine Islands; clerk L'nited States Civil 
Service Commission, igog-ign; appointed, after e.xamina- 
tion (June 27, 1910), Consul at Cartagena August ig, igii; 
Consul at Erfurt September 18, igi3. 

Kent, William Patton— Born in Wytheville, Va., March 8, 
1857; home, Wytheville; graduated from William and 
Mary College and from the University of Virginia (LL. B.); 
practiced law ten years; newspaper editor; stock raiser; 
captain of volunteers in the Second Virginia Infantry dur- 
ing the Spanish-American War; appointed, after exami- 
nation (July 17, 1906), Consul-General at Guatemala July 
21, igo6; resigned, to take effect August 4, igog; appointed 
Consul at St. John, New Brunswick, April 15, 1910, but did 
not go to post; appointed Consul at Newchwang May 2, 
igio. 

Kermektchieff, Acene C— Bulgarian subject, born in 
Roustchouk, Bulgaria, February 24, 1872; practicing phy- 
sician; appointed Consular Agent at Sofia January 10, 
1Q12. 

Kerr, Henry Vernon— Citizen of Chile, born in Coquimbo 
November 8, 1890; bookkeeper; appointed Consular Agent 
at Coquimbo February 29, 1912. 

Keyes, John Joseph — Born in Dublin, Ireland, of American 
parents February 4, 1878; educated in the public schools 
of Savannah, Ga.; stenographer in various railroad offices 
in the South and in customhouse and with supervisor of 
police in Habana during the first intervention; employed 
by the United Railways of Habana, 1902-3; steamship line, 
1903-4; in law office, 1904 5; with supervisor of Depart- 
ment of State and Justice, Provisional Government of 
Cuba, igo6-igog; appointed clerk in the American Legation 
at Habana September 25, igog. 

Keyser, Ralph S. — Born in Thoroughfare, Va., May 10, 
1883; appointed second lieutenant in Marine Corps from 
Virginia March 10, igos; first lieutenant May 13, igog; as- 
signed to duty as Attache at Tokyo December 16, 1911. 



Killmaster, George Benjamin— Born in Ontario, Canada, 
August 23, 1865; naturalized February 10, 1893; home, 
Killmaster, Mich.; attended high school, Michigan Mili- 
tary Academy, and Dufferin College, London, Canada; 
employed as clerk at Brantford, Ontario; engaged in the 
lumber business until 1894; appointed Commercial .'\gent 
at Port Rowan April 2, i8g4; Consul June 22, igo6; Consul 
at Newcastle, New South Wales, January g, igo8. 

King, Edward Julian— Born in New Vork City March 29^ 
1866; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at Hakodate 
March 2, igo4. 

Kingsbury, Willard de Lamater— Born in San Pablo, Cal., 
December t8, 1868; attended academy; graduated from the 
college of the University of the Pacific (A. B.) in i88g; 
graduated from business college; teacher, school princi- 
pal, and missionary; appointed Consular Agent at Yok- 
kaichi, Japan, August 11, igog. 

Kirjassoff, Max David— Born in St. Petersburg March 2, 
1888; father naturalized during minority; graduate of Yale 
University (B. A.), 1910; with manufacturing concern and 
land title company, Waterbury, Conn., 1910-11; home, 
Waterbury, Conn.; appointed, after examination (January 
30, igii). Student Interpreter in Japan March 10, 1911; Vice 
and Deputy Consul and Interpreter at Tansui August 6, 
1913; Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Yoko- 
hama October 29, 1913. 

Kirk, Mary— Born in Curwensville, Pa.; graduated from 
Swathmore College (A. B.), 1889; teacherin ladies' private 
school in Rio de Janeiro, 1893-1895; clerk in Brazilian Le- 
gation at Washington, 1895-1898; employed in the Bureau 
of American Republics, i8g8-igri; appointed clerk in the 
American Legation at Lisbon December 13, ign. 

Kirk, Milton Beckwith — Born in Chicago, 111., November 
17, 1880; educated in private and public schools, in Paris, 
Berlin, the Chicago Latin School, and Yale LTniversity: 
in broker's office two years; member of firm of James S. 
Kirk & Co., soap manufacturers; appointed, after exami- 
nation (March 14, 1907), Consular Clerk March 30, 1907; 
Deputy Consul-General at Paris May 28, 1907; Consular 
Assistant July i, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at Boma August 13, 1908; assigned to duty in the Consu- 
late-General at Cape Town December, igog; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Johannesburg March 3, 1910; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Callao December 23, 
1910; Consul at Manzanillo August 19, 1911. 

Kirkconnell, Sandy— British subject, born in Honduras 
June 21, 1870; appointed Consular Agent at Bonacca June 

20, 1906. 

Klees, Jeanette-Born in Baltimore, Md.; attended the 
public schools of Maryland and took course at a business 
college; stenographer and cashier in real-estate office; 
served temporary appointment as stenographer and type- 
writer in the Civil Service Commission; employed as ste- 
nographerand typewriter in the Department of State under 
various special appropriations, igo8-igi2; appointed clerk 
at fgoo in the Department of State August 24, 1912, under 
the provisions of the Executive order of August 24, 1912; at 
$1,000 October r, 1913. 

Knabenshue, Paul— Born in Toledo, Ohio, October 31, 1883; 
graduate of Toledo high school; employed in Belfast Con- 
sulate; appointed Vice-Consul at Belfast June 20, igo6; 
Vice and Deputy Consul May 23, 1911; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Cairo July 17, igii. 

Knabenshue, Samuel S.— Born in Fairfield County, Ohio, 
November i, 1845; home, Toledo; public and high school 
education; taught in the city schools of Lancaster, Ohio; 
political editor of the Toledo Blade for over twenty years; 
appointed Consul at Belfast January g, igos; Consul-Gen- 
eral at Tientsin August 27, igog. 

Konoff, Arwid — Russian subject, born October 17, 1880; 
agent for the Russian Steam Navigation Co.; appointed 
Consular Agent at Bassorah July 26, igi2. 

Kothe, Gustav C. — Born in Cassel, Germany, July 6, 1836; 
home, Salina, Kans.; admitted to citizenship by the su- 
preme court of the District of Columbia June 10, 1865; 
serVed for three years as second lieutenant, first lieutenant, 
and captain in the Civil War; in business in Illinois, Ala- 
bama, and Kansas, 1865-1886; deputy county clerk of 
Salina County; appointed Consular Agent at Cassel May 
15, iBgo; retired June, i8g3; reappointed March 15, i8g4. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



85 



Krisel, Alexander -Born in Alliance, N. J., December 18, 
1890; home, Brooklyn, N. Y.; attended the public schools 
of New Vork eight years; studied under private tutors 
three years; attended Firooklyn Law School; graduated 
from St. Lawrence University (LL. B.), 191 1; clerk in law 
office in New Vork City; appointed, after examination 
(January 31, 1912), Student Interpreter in China March 
12, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul at Swatow September 
29, 1913- 

Krogb, Gerhard H. — Born in Fargo, N. Dak., February 28, 
1885; graduate of the Fargo Central High School and took 
a six months' course at Dakota Business College, Fargo; 
stenographer, and later bookkeeper and cashier with a 
savings and loan association of Fargo, 1904-1910; clerk in 
the Consulate-General at Rotterdam, 1911; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Rotterdam November 18, 
1911. 

Kuhn, Adalbert B. C— German subject, born in Smyrna, 
Turkey, February 17, 1869; member of a firm of currant 
exporters in Patr'as, Greece; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Patras June i?, 1913. 

Laing, James Oliver — Born in Leavenworth, Kans., April 
19, 1874; home, Kansas City, Mo,; attended public and 
high school in Leavenworth; studied law three years at 
the L'niversity of Michigan; attended Columbia Univer- 
sity, New York, one year, and the University of Heidel- 
berg one year; took a course in bookkeeping in Kansas 
City and studied at the George Washington University 
one year; lived in Europe more than four years, prin- 
cipally in France and Germany, and one year in North 
Africa and the Near East; was secretary to the assist- 
ant commissioner to the Paris Exposition in 1900; occu- 
pied various positions with the Kansas City Star and 
Times, and engaged in real-estate business, 1901- 1908 ; 
member of the bar; appointed in the Department of 
State in connection with foreign trade and treaty rela- 
tions November 4, i9:)9; appointed, after examination 
(May 26, 1909), Consul at Malta August 2, 1910. 

Lamb, Eugene Melvin — Born in Washington, D. C, March 
7, 1891: attended the public schools of Washington eight 
years and Central High School five years; employed three 
months in the Bureau of Animal Husbandry, Department 
of Agriculture; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Yarmouth August 6, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at Halifax January 15, 1913. 

Lample, Federico — Born in Cuba February 7, 1875; mer- 
chant; appointed Consular Agent at Samana October 26, 
1904. 

Langhorne, George T. — Born in Kentucky July 5, 1867; ap- 
pointed a cadet in the United States Military Academy 
September i, 1885; additional second lieutenant Fifth 
Cavalry June l2, 1889; second lieutenant TTiird Cavalry 
August 31, 1889; first lieutenant First Cavalry December 
II, 1896; captain Twenty-seventh L'nited States Volunteer 
Infantry July 5, 1899; major Thirty-ninth L^nited States 
Volunteer Infantry August 17. 1899; captain Eleventh 
Cavalry February 2, 1901; transferred to Twelfth Cavalry 
August 15, 1912; appointed major Fifth Cavalry^ August 
27, 1912; assigned to duty as Military Attache at Berlin 
August 12, 1913. 

Langhorne, Maurice Marshall— Born in Lynchburg, Va., 
May 7, 1870; graduate of Virginia Military Institute; sec- 
retary to his father for several years; appointed Marshal 
of the Consular Court at Canton February 16, 1901; Vice- 
Consul at Canton March 19, 1901; retired as Marshal De- 
cember 2, 1902; appointed Commercial Agent at Dalny 
February 19, 1903; retired January, 1904; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Ciudad Juarez June 13, 1904; Con- 
sul at Chungking July 13, 1904. but declined; Deputy 
Consul-General at Santo Domingo May 23, 1905; retired 
1905; appointed, after examinati'-n, Secretar5'of the Lega- 
tion at Christiania July 5, 1906; Second Secretary of the 
Embassy at Rio de Janeiro December 21, 1909; Secretary 
of the Legation to Paraguay and Uruguay September 17, 
igio; Second Secretary of the Embassy at Vienna March 2, 
191 1; Secretary of the Legation at San Jose, Costa Rica, 
February i, 1912. 

Laniece, Auguste — French citizen, born in Cherbourg Jan- 
uary 25, 1864; steamship agent; appointed Consular Agent 
at Cherbourg January 6, 1911. 

Lamer, Caroline Speddon— Born in Washington, D. C; 
educated in private schools in Washington and took special 
courses in modern languages and business methods; as- 



sistant editor. Bulletin of the Pan American Union, July, 
189s, to January, 1910; appointed in the Department of 
State in connection with foreign trade and treaty; rela- 
tions January 12, 19 10; appointed clerk class one in the 
Department of State August 24, 1912, under the provisions 
of Executive order of December i, 1910. 

Latchford, Stephen— Born in Annapolis Junction, Md., 
February 4, 1883; attended the public schools of Maryland 
and a business college in Washington, D. C; employed as 
clerk, 1900-1904; stenographer and typewriter, 1904-5; ap- 
pointed stenographer and typewriter in Panama, under 
the Isthmian Canal Commission, July 18, 1905; transferred 
to the Department of State as clerk at $900 August 19, 1911; 
at $1,000 August I, 1913. 

Latham, Charles Louis— Born in Greenville, N. C, Decem- 
ber 18, 1877; educated at private schools and at St. Mary's 
College, Gastoria, N. C; graduated from Bingham Mili- 
tary School, Asheville, N C, 1898, and from the George- 
town University school of law in 1904; attended the Ber- 
litz and Y. M. C. A. schools; was employed as clerk in the 
War Department; appointed, after examination (July 7, 
19081, Consul at Cartagena February 17, 1909; Consul at 
Punta Arenas August 19, 1911. 

Lathrop, Lorin Andrews — Born in Gambler, Ohio, in 1858; 
private and high school education; employed in the United 
States mint at San Francisco for three years; appointed 
Consul at Bristol July 18, 1882; retired October 31, 1889; 
reappointed February 28, i8gr; appointed Consul at Car- 
diff August 15, 1907. 

Laughlin, Irwin Boyle-Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., 1871; gradu- 
ate of Yale, 1S93; traveled extensively in Europe and the 
Orient; treasurer of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Co. of 
Pittsburgh; private secretary to the iSIinister to Japan, 
1904-5; appointed Second Secretary of the Legation at 
Tokyo January 13, 1905; Secretary of the Legation and 
Consul-General at Bangkok June 28, 1906; Second Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Peking March 9, 1907; Second Sec- 
retary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg June 17, 1907; 
Secretary of the Legation to Greece and Montenegro July 
30, 1908; .Second Secretary of the Embassy at Paris August 
4, 1909; Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin December 21, 
1909; detailed as secretary of the Special Mission to the 
Ottoman Empire October 7, 1910; Secretary of the Embassy 
at London September 12, 1912. 

Lawrence, Ethel Lee- Born in Montour Falls, N. Y.; edu- 
cated in public and private schools and graduated from 
Tanner's Business College, of Washington, D. C; studied 
one year in George Washington University; appointed 
copyist in the Patent Office at $720, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, July 2, 1902; permanently at same sal- 
ary January 2, 1903; at $800 March 6, 1903; at $900 July i, 
1903; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
$900 April 12, 1904; at f 1,000 July 2, 1906; class one March 4, 
1907; class two December i, 1909. 

Lawrence, Thomas J. — Born in Denver, Colo., December 
30, 1875; attended the public and high schools of Nevada, 
the Nevada State LIniversity five years, the last year being 
on post-graduate work; connected with various mining 
companies for several years; appointed Consular Agent at 
Topia, Mexico, June i8, igio. 

Lawrence, William Henry— Born in Chicago, 111., July 11, 
1863; educated in public schools; coffee broker in Chicago 
to June I, 1893; in business since in Brazil; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Santos March 11, 1901. 

Lawfon, Edward P. — Born in Georgia February 2, 1863; 
appointed second lieutenant Thirteenth Infantry June 14, 
1885; first lieutenant Nineteenth Infantry June 4, 1892; 
captain March 2, 1S99; retired with rank of major July 3, 
1908; designated as Military .Attache at Berne November 
i> 1913. 

Lay, Julius Q. — Born in Washington, D. C, August 9, 
1872; home, Washington; educated in the public schools 
and academy at Yonkers, N. Y.,and Columbia grammar 
school, New York City; employed as clerk in the Consu- 
late at Ottawa for four years; appointed Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul-General at Ottawa September i, 1893; Consul 
at Windsor, Ontario, October 26, 1896; Consul-General at 
Barcelona, Spain, May 3, 1899; Consul-General at Canton 
October 3, 1904; Consul-General at Cape Town May 24, 
1906; Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro May 2, igio. 



86 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Lay, Tracy — Born in Gadsden, Ala., Xovembcr s, 1882; 
home, Gadsden; studied civil engineering at the Alabama 
Polytechnic Institute four years and political science at 
George Washington University two years; reporter and 
editor, 1904; advertising manager for a department store, 
Montgomery, Ala., 1904-1907, and for a dry-goods com- 
pany, Birmingham, Ala., 1907-8; secretary to a Member of 
Congress, iqoS igit; clerk of the Committee on Immigra- 
tion and Naturalization, House of Representatives, iqii-12; 
appointed, after examination (January 31, 1912), Consular 
Assistant March 12, 1912; Dej^uty Consul-Genera! at Lon- 
don May 27, 1912. 

Leavell, William Hayne — Born in Newberry District, S. C, 
May 24, 1850; home, Carrollton, Miss.; attended Newberry 
College and Southern Baptist Theological Seminary; re- 
ceived the degree of D. D. from Austin College, 1895, and 
LL. D. from L^niversity of Mississippi, 1908; ordained to 
the ministry, 1870, and served as pastor in various parts of 
the country, 1870-1905; served as a director and president 
board of Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Austin, 
Tex., and of Austin College; appointed Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Guatemala October 
16, 1913. 

L«avitt, Arthur Howland— Born in Spencer, Mass., Decem- 
ber 13, 1884; home, Hanover, N. H.; graduate of Dart- 
mouth College (A. B.), 1907; language course at Tuck 
School, 1908-9; bookkeeper in vacation seasons; in Dart- 
mouth College library, 1905--1909; appointed, after exami- 
nation (May s, 1909), Student Interpreter in Turkey June 
2, 1909; appointed also Vice and Deputy Consul at Sa- 
loniki July 22, igio; assigned to duty at the Consulate-Gen- 
eral at Cairo September 20, 1910; appointed Interpreter 
to the Consulate-General at Cairo July 25, 1911 ; Interpreter 
to the Consulate-General at Constantinople December 18, 
1911; Assistant Turkish Secretary of the Embassy to 
Turkey August 5, 1912. 

Lee, Arthur Frederic — British subject, born in Liverpool 
October 15, 1867; manager for a commission house in 
Arica; appointed Consular Agent at Arica December 10, 
1912. 

Lee, Augustus— Born July 21, 1876; appointed skilled 
laborer, Department of Agriculture, July i, 1908; assistant 
messenger in the Department of State November 5, 1912. 

Lee, Samuel T. — Born in Leeds, England, May 30, 1876; ad- 
mitted to citizenship at Ann Arbor, Mich., May 26, 1899; 
educated at Ann Arbor (Mich.") public and high schools 
and the University of Virginia; read law; served in Army 
three yearsduring Spanish-American War; appointed clerk 
and translator. War Department, Manila, P. 1., at $1,200 
September 17, 1900; transferred to bureau of education, Ma- 
nila, P. I., July 16, 1901; promoted todivision superintendent 
of schools for Oriental Negros at $1,600 November i, 1902; 
resigned December 15, 1904; appointed chief of the record 
division, department of police and prisons. Canal Zone, 
at $1,800 June 26, 1905; transferred to the Department of 
State as clerk at I900 July 30, 1906; class one March 4, 1907; 
appointed, after examination (July 7, 1907), Consul at 
Nogales August 15. 1907; Consul at San Jose, Costa Rica, 
May 31, 1909; detailed as Vice-Consul at Bluefields on 
special duty September 7, 1910, to May 17, igii. 

Lee, William Edward — Born in Porto Rico December 30, 
1875; engaged in commission business in Brazil since 1896; 
appointed Consular Agent at Sao Paulo June 18, igo8. 

Le Flohic, Daisy Loomis -Born in Tolland, Conn.; edu- 
cated in public schools of Conneciicut and Washington, 
D. C, graduating from the Washington high school; stud- 
ied in the Corcoran School of Art and in business schools; 
appointed clerk in Census Bureau July 2, 1900; in Govern- 
ment Printing Office October 16, 1901; office of Superin- 
tendent of Documents August i5, 1907; in July and August, 
1909, was stenographer to United States Commission to 
Liberia; stenographer in oiifice of Superintendent of Docu- 
ments, igog-igii; transferred to the Department of State 
as clerk at $goo July 11, 1911. 

Leftridge, Robert P. — Born May 2, 1S54; appointed laborer 
under the Superintendent of the State, War, and Navy 
Department Building and assigned to duty in the Depart- 
ment of State September 21, i88g: resigned June 15, 1897^ 
appointed laborerin the Department of State July 15, 1897; 
resigned June 30, 1903; appointed assistant messenger July 
I, 1903. 

Leitner, Werner Justus— Born in New York City November 
20, 1870; educated in the grammar schools of New Jersey 
and in high school; took correspondence course in mechan- 
ical engineering; electrician in New York City several 



years; engineer-in-chief of the Maracaibo Electric Light 
Co.; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Maracaibo 
December 30, 1910. 

Le Mat, Walter William -Born in Hyattsville, Md., Decem- 
ber 21, 1885; educated in public schools of Washington, 
D. C, and one year in Georgetown University; appointed 
messenger boy in Ordnance Bureau, Navy Department, 
under Civil Service rules, at $420, February 12, 1901; 
copyist at $840; transferred to the Department of State 
as clerk at $900 March 26, 1907; appointed clerk at $1,000 
October 31, 1907; class one November 2. 1908; class two 
November 20, 191 1. 

Leng Hui — Born July 6, 1876, in Siara; educated in French 
and American schools of Bangkok; appointed Interpreter 
to the Legation at Bangkok August 27, 1901. 

Leonard, Charles P.- Born in Brattleboro, Vt., March 16, 
1842; attended high school and seminary at West Brattle- 
boro, Vt.; served as adjutant and first lieutenant in the 
Fifth Volunteer Infantry one year during the Civil War; 
superintendent of the Iowa Incubator Co. for seven years; 
retired from business in 1907; appointed Consular Agent 
at Peterborough October n, 1910. 

Leonard, Henry Harrison— Born in Connersville, Ind., 
March g, 1865; educated in public schools; bookkeeper and 
engaged in business in Nicaragua; appointed Consular 
Agent at Corinto March ig, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul 
July I, 1908. 

Leonard, Walter Anderson— Born in Essex, Iowa, August 3, 
1880; home, Evanston, 111.; graduate of State University 
of Nebraska (A. B.), 1903, and took poit-graduate work in 
commercial subjects in three universities; bookkeeper in 
Essex, Iowa, i897-g8; head of commercial department, 
Kankakee (111.) high school, 1904-5; spent a year abroad 
studying; instructor of commercial subjects in high school 
of Kenilworth; was Vice and Deputy (I'onsul at Freiburg, 
igo7 8, and Vice and Deputy Consul at Kehl, igo8, and 
clerk at both posts; appointed, after examination (April i, 
1912), Consul at Stavanger August 23, igi2. 

Leroux, Juan Enrique— Born in Dominican Republic of an 

American father June 28, 1876; clerk; appointed Consular 
Agent at Sanchez August 29, igo8. 

Lesher, Charles Albert— Born in Sedalia, Mo , September 2, 
1864; educated in public schools; planter and land owner; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Tapachula Septem- 
ber 20, 1909. 

Lesimple, Charles — Born in Germany March 6, 1S66; clerk 
in English Consulate at Cologne and later in American 
Consulate; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Cologne 
April 21, 1901. 

Lespinasse, Alphonse John — Born in Lakeville, N. Y., July 
17, 1854; home, New York City; educated at Fort Wash- 
ington Institute; importer and exporter of provisions; ap- 
pointed Consul at Merida October 27, 1874; retired Feb- 
ruary, 1880; appointed Consul at Tuxpam January 28, 
1902; Consul at Frontera June 10, igo8. 

Letcher, Marion— Born in Shorter, Ala., September 4, 1872; 
educated at the University of Alabama and the University 
of Chicago; was school assistant in Montgomery, Ala., 
i8g=;-96; principal of Scale (Ala.) high school; first lieu- 
tenant in United States Volunteer Infantry and company 
commander in Cuba during Spanish-American War; presi- 
dent of Douglasville College, Douglasville, Ga., 1900- 
1901; superintendent of public schools, Conyers, Ga., igoi- 
1903; employed in the Bureau of Education, i903-i9og; 
resident of Washington, D. C; appointed, after examina- 
tion (November 10, 1908), Consul at Acapulco June 2, 1909; 
Consul at Chihuahua January 10, 1911. 

Levack, James Scott— British subject; member of a British 
firm in Bagdad; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Bagdad June 8, igio. 

Le Vatte, Henry Charles Verner— British subject, born in 
Cape Breton, 1858; notary public and commission mer- 
chant; appointed Consular Agent at Louisburg November 
3, i8g8. 

Lewis, William Waters— Born in St. Louis, Mo., June 6, 
1881; attended the public schools of Nashville, Tenn.; 
graduated from the University of the South, Sewanee, 
Tenn., (C. E.) 1904; engineer and surveyor in the Philip- 
pine Islands, igo4-igo9; employed in a railroad office in 
Nashville, igio-igi3; appointed Clerk in the American 
Legation at Lima August 16, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Lindenmeyer, Erich-Born in Germany June 25, 1879; derk 
in Germany and Austria, 1836-1902; clerk and manager in 
Aden, Mombasa, and Hodeida since 1902; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Hodeida Marcii 16, 1907. 

Listoe, Soren — Born in Denmark April 27, 18.(6; natural- 
ized; educated by private tuition; engaged in newspaper 
work; register of the United States land office at Fergus 
Falls, Minn., 1875-1882; farmer; took up editorial work in 
1888; member of the Minnesota State Legislature; editor of 
the St. Paul Nordvesten for many years; appointed Consul 
at Diisseldorf July 26, 1892; retired May, 1893; appointed 
Consul at Rotterdam June 29, 1897; Consul-General May 
15, 1902, to take effect July i, 1902. 

Livingston, Charles Ludlow Born in New York City June 
10, 1870; home, Pittsburgh, Pa.; attended Fordham Univer- 
sity and graduated from the Western l^niversity of Penn- 
sylvania law school; employed in steel works; engaged in 
electrical engineering; practiced law; collector of collat- 
eral inheritance ta.x in Allegheny County, Pa., for three 
years; appointed, after examination (November 20, 1907), 
Consul at Salina Cruz June 10, 1908; Consul at Swansea 
January 10, 1910. 

Livingston, Lemuel W.— Born in Monticello, Fla., in 1861; 
attended public schools; graduated from Cookraan Insti- 
tute, Jacksonville, Fla., and in pharmacy, and from the 
medical department of Howard University, Washington, 
D. C; employed under the Treasury Department, 1883- 
1888; principal of the Douglas School, Key West, Fla., for 
seven years; practiced medicine; appointed, after exami- 
nation (November 17, 1897), Consul at Cape Haitien Janu- 
ary 14, i8q8. 

Long, Boaz Walton— Born in Warsaw. Ind., September 27, 
1876; educated in the public schools of Indiana, New 
Mexico, and Michigan, and at Wentworth Military Acad- 
emy, Lexington, Mo., and St. Michael College, Santa Fe, 
N. Mex.; with business concerns in various capacities, 
1894-1898; manager of a commission company in San Fran- 
cisco, 1899-1900; proprietor of a commission company, with 
otifices in San Francisco. Chicago, and Mexico City, 1900- 
1913; appointed Chief of the Division of Latin-American 
Affairs in the Department of State May 14, 1913. 

Long, James L— Born in Pennsylvania in 1861; manager of 
Parral & Durango Railway Co. and of a mining company; 
appointed Consular Agent at Parral April i, 1895. 

Long, James Verner— Born in Pennsylvania in 1851; home, 
Pittsburgh; graduated from Lafayette College, Easton, 
Pa.; spent two years in Europe pursuing art studies at 
Dresden, attending lectures on international law at the 
University of Heidelberg, and traveling; returned to 
America and read civil and commercial law at Pittsburgh 
one year; spent several months in remote West studying 
the tribal conditions and customs of the American Indians; 
appointed member of Board of Fish Commissioners of 
Pennsylvania; secretary and subsequently vice-president 
of the Society of Arts in Pittsburgh; appointed Consul at 
Florence February 27, 1891; retired November, 1893; re- 
mained abroad three years traveling in Europe and the 
Orient in pursuance of art study and archaeological in- 
vestigation; returned to America to look after personal 
interests, 1896-1903; appointed Consul at Patras June 18, 
1903; Consul at Venice August 15, 1907; Consul at Malta 
January 10, 1910; reappointed Consul at Venice August 2, 
1910. 

Loop, Carl Raymond — Born in New Ross, Ind., September 
10, 1877; educated in public schools, Butler College, L'ni- 
versity of Chicago, and Indiana Law School; practiced 
law, 1902-1906; manager court department. Federal Union 
Surety Co., 1906-7; appointed Vice-Consul at Winnipeg 
February 21, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul-General June 
30, iyo8; Deputy Consul-General at London August 24, 
1909. 

Lorillard, George L.— Born in Newport, R. I., August 17, 
i83i; graduate of .St. Mark's School and Harvard Univer- 
sity (A. B.), 1903; appointed Second Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Habana .April 29, 1903; Secretary of the Legation 
at Copenhagen March 23, 1905; Secretary of the Embassy 
at Rio de Janeiro April 6, 1906; Secretary of the Legation 
at Lisbon June 10, 1908; Secretary of the Legation at 
Buenos Aires February i, 1912. 

Love, James A. — British subject, born in Scotland June 5, 
i860: lawyer; appointed Consular Agent at Greenock 
March 27, 1S91. 

Lowrie, Will Leonard— Born in Adrian, Mich., March 8, 
1869; graduated from Adrian College; attended the Uni- 
versity of Michigan and the University of Leipzig; news- 
paper and magazine writer four years; on editorial staff 



of Chicago Tribune three years; secretary to the American 
minister to Brazil one year; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro January 14, 1899; re- 
signed July 15, 1901; appointed, after examination (July 
14, 1906), Consul at Weimar July 21, 1906; Consul at Erfurt 
June 10, 1908; Consul at Carlsbad May 31, 1909; Consul- 
General at Lisbon August 22, 1912. 

Ludlow, Edmund— British subject, born in England, 1867; 
appointed Consular Agent at Limerick November 7, 1896. 

Lupton, Stuart Kenneth— Born in Clarkesville, Tenn., No- 
vember 9, 1875; attended high school; graduated from 
Southwestern Presbyterian University (Tennessee) and 
Washington University; employed as bookkeeper and 
salesman; practiced dentistry; home. Clarkesville, Tenn.; 
appointed Marshal of the Consular Court and V'ice and 
Deputy Consul at Amoy May 8, 1905; resigned May, 1906; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Valparaiso Sep- 
tember 21, 1906; appointed, after examination (November 
10, 1908), Vice and Deputy Consul at Messina November 
21, 1908; Consul January 21, 190^; Consul at Catania Feb- 
ruary 10, 1909; Consul at Karachi August 27, 1909. 

Lux, Ernesto — Born in Germany, 1864; clerk in Veracruz 
office since 1897; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Veracruz November 28, 1903. 

Lyons, Harry A.— Born in Buffalo, N. Y., November 19, 
1862; educated by tutors ancf at Neuchiitel and Darmstadt; 
clerk in Nice Consulate since February 18, 1907; appointed 
\'ice and Deputy Consul at Nice June 8, 1908. 

McBride, Harry Alexander— Born in Flint, Mich., October 
14, 1887; home, Pontiac, Mich.; educated at the Pontiac 
(Mich.) high school and private schools in Dresden; 
manager of printingand advertisingdepartments for hotel, 
1905-1908; in Consulate-General at Dresden October, 1908, 
to February, 1909; appointed Consular Agent at Bilbao 
February 16, 1909; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Barcelona October 31, 1910; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Zurich October 18, 1911; appointed, after ex- 
amination (April I, 1912), Consular Assistant September 3, 
1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Boma July 5, 

McBride, James Jacob- Born in Xenia, Ohio, December 20, 

1880; graduate (B. Ph.) Antioch College, 1903; bank book- 
keeper, 1904; instructor George Junior Republic at An- 
napolis, 1904-5; appointed Consular Agent at Arnprior 
September 23, 1905; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Winnipeg August 24, igog. 

McCathran, Wallacb Arthur- Born in Washington, D. C, 

April 27, 1872; educated in public schools of Washington; 
studied law in George Washington Lfniversity; clerk and 
bookkeeper United States naval gun factory, i88g; ap- 
pointed copyist at $3.26 per diem in the Navy Department 
June 21, 1899; transferred to the Department of State as 
clerk at $900 April 28, 1900; at $1,000 January 15, 1901; 
class one July i, 1901; class two July i, 1903; assigned to 
duty at Portsmouth, N. H., in connection with Russo- 
Japanese Peace Commission July to September, 1905; 
class three March 4, 1907: class four July i, igo8. 

McConnico, Andrew Jackson Born in Vaiden, Miss., Feb- 
ruary 20, 1875; educated at Moody's Boys' School, Mount 
Hermon, Mass., and Brown University, Providence, R.I.; 
was reporter on the Providence Evening Telegram and 
the Providence Journal and Bulletin; was admitted to the 
bar at Vaiden in 1902; practiced law; town treasurer and 
town solicitor of Vaiden; resident of Vaiden; appointed, 
after examination (April 7, 1908), Consul at St. John's, 
Quebec. May 31, 1909; Consul at Trinidad September 18, 

McCullough, Charles Augustus Born in Calais, Me., in 1849; 
home, Calais; educated at public school and Calais (Me.) 
Academy; was alderman of Calais, 1882-1884 and in 1886; 
mayor of Calais, 1889-1891; served as a member of the State 
Legislature, 1892-1895, and as State senator in 1896-97; en- 
gaged in iron and brass foundry business for twenty 
years; appointed, after examination (July 12, 1897), Con- 
sul at St. Stephen July 17, 1897. 

McCunn, John Niven— Born in Glasgow, Scotland, De- 
cember 10, 1858; naturalized February 9, 1897; educated 
at St. Enoch's School, Glasgow, Scotland, Waupaca (Wis.) 
high school, Milton (Wis.) College, various teachers' in- 
stitutes in Wisconsin, and Green Bay Business College; 
engaged in farming and teaching; proprietor of the Green 
Bay (Wis.) Business College; appointed, after examina- 
tion (July 23, i8g7). Consul at Dunfermline July 28, 1897. 
Consul at Glasgow January 14, igo8. 



88 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Macdonald, Norman H.— British subject, born in New Zea- 
land tn 1S63; surveyor and land agent in Samoa since 1892; 
appoiiued Vict and Deputy Consul at Apia March 25, 1910. 

McDowell, William Robert— Born in Bloomington, 111., June 
17, 1863; educated in public schools, Evergreen City Busi- 
ness College, and Illinois State Normal University; clerk 
in business concerns and in postal service; dramatic edi- 
tor; newspaper correspondent; proprietor of department 
store; appointed clerk in the Department of State at $900, 
for thirty days, under Civil Service rules, January 11, 
iqoo; period extended for thirty days February 12, 1900; 
appointed clerk at $900 on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, February 14, igoo; permanently at same salary 
August 14, 1900; stenographer and typewriter at $1,000 
February 9, 1901; clerk class one April i, igoi; class two 
July 1, 1902; class three October 23, 1907; class four De- 
cember I, 1909. 

MacEacbran, Clinton Edson - Born in Beverly, Mass., De- 
cember 27, 1887; received public school education and one 
year in a business college; stenographer for business house 
in Boston four and one-half years; appointed clerk in the 
Department of State at $900, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, October 21, igio; permanently at same salary 
April 24, 191 1 ; class one November 20, 191 1; class two 
March i, 1912; on special detail at the Embassy in Me.xico 
City February 21, 1913, to September 9, 1913, and Novem- 
ber 8, 1913. 

Macfarlane, Allan -Born in England November 6, 1877; 
clerk in Marseille Consulate since March, 1900; appointed 
Deputy Consul-General at Marseille February 6, 1903. 

McGoodwin, Preston Buford — Born in Princeton, Ky., Au- 
gust 12, 1880; home, Oklahoma City, Okla.; educated in 
public and private schools of Kentucky and Oklahoma 
and Central University, Kentucky(A. M.I, 1899; journalist 
in Kentucky, Missouri, and Ohio, 1899 -1910; managing 
editor of the Oklahoman, 1910-1913; appointed Envoy E.\- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Venezuela 
September 18, 1913. 

Mack, Jason M. -British subject, born in Nova Scotia, 
1843; lawyer; appointed Consular Agent at Liverpool, 
Nova Scotia, December 28, 1895. 

McKenna, James Edward— Born in Boston, Mass., Novem- 
ber JO, 1887; educated in Boston public schools, Boston 
College, and the law school of Georgetown University; 
employed in the Boston Public Library four years and in 
a law office six months; appointed clerk in the Department 
of State at $900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
October 8, 1910; permanently at same salary April 14, 191 1; 
at |i,ooo March 29, 1912, to take effect April i, 1912. 

McKiernan, Charles Patrick Born in Naugatuck, Conn., 
February 13, 1887; graduate of Yale University (B. A.), 
1909; served as substitute teacher in New York City; clerk 
in Civil Service Commission, 1910-11; home. New York 
City; appointed, after examination (January 30, 191 1), Stu- 
dent Interpreter in China March 10, 1911; Deputy Consul- 
General at Shanghai June 30, 1913; also Interpreter October 
4- 1913- 

McMabon, Joseph William — Born in Meriden, Conn., June 
24, 1885; attended high school two years; graduated from 
business school in Hartford, Conn.; employed by com- 
panies in Meriden, Conn., 1902-1908; in x4itna Life In- 
surance Co. at Hartford, Conn., 1908-9; appointed clerk 
in the Department of State at $900, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, July 28, 1909; permanently at same 
salary January 28, 1910; at $r,ooo November i, 1910; class 
one November 13, 1911. 

McMillin, Benton— Born in Monroe County, Ky., Septem- 
ber 1 1, 1845; attended Phylomath Academy, Tennessee, and 
Kentucky L'niversity; admitted to bar of Tennessee, 1871, 
and practiced law at Celina; member Tennessee House of 
Representatives, 1874; commissioner to treat with Ken- 
tucky for the purchase of territory, 1875; judge of circuit 
court, 1877; Member of Forty-sixth to Fifty-lifth Con- 
gresses, resigning from Fifty-fifth Congress January 16, 
1899; governor of Tennessee for two terms, 1899-1903; en- 
gaged in insurance business in Nashville; home, Carthage, 
Tenn.; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Peru July 2, 1913. 

MacMurray, John Van Antwerp— Born in Schenectady, N. Y., 
October 6, i83i; educated at Lawrenceville School; gradu- 
ate of Princeton L'niversity (B. A., 1902, and M. A., 1907^ 
and Columbia University law school (LL. B., 1906); ad- 
mitted to the bar in New York, 1906; home, Princeton, 
N. J.; appointed, after examination (March 15, 1907X Sec- 



retary of the Legation and Consul-Cicneral at Bangkok 
May 10, 1907; Secretary of the Legation to Greece and 
Montenegro June 10, 1908, but did not go to post; appointed 
Second Secretary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg July 
30, 1908; clerk in the Department of State, charged with the 
distribution of information among the diplomatic missions, 
.'Vpril 12, igii; clerk class three June 27, igu; designated 
Assistant Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs 
July 7, 1911; Acting Chief February 12 to May 14, 1912; 
redesignated Acting Chief August 24,. 1912; appointed Chief 
of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs December 13, 1912; 
Secretary of the Legation at Peking September 4, 1913. 

McNally, James Clifford- Born in Stratfordshire, England, 
May 12, 1865; attended the public schools of Pittsburgh, 
Holy Ghost College of Pittsburgh, and graduated from 
St. Vincent's College, Latrobe, Pa.; graduated in law from 
the University of Michigan in 1S91, and was admitted to 
the bar; practiced law in Salt Lake City: appointed 
United States commissioner; appointed probate judge for 
Salt Lake County; returned to the practice of law; home, 
Pittsburgh, Pa.; appointed Secretary of the Legationand 
Consul-General at Bogota January 14, 189S; Secretary of 
the Legation and Consul-General at Guatemala City Octo- 
ber 27, 1899; Consul-General May 17, 1900, to take effect 
July I, 1900; Consul at Liege, Belgium, November 5, 1902; 
delegate to the International Congress on Wines, Liege, 
and to the International Congress for the Economic Ex- 
pansion of the World, Mons, 1905; Consul at Nanking 
March 30, 1907; Consul at Tsingtau April 15, igio. 

McNeir, William -Born in Washington, D. C, October 14, 
1864; educated in public schools and Emerson Institute, 
Washington; appointed page in the House of Representa- 
tives December i, 1S77; served until March 4, 1879; ap- 
pointed temporary clerk in the Department of State May 
I, 1S81; packer August 5, 1882; clerk at $1,000, under Civil 
Service rules, August i, 1886; class one July i, 1889; class 
two May 2, 1892; resigned June 9, 1892; reappointed clerk 
class one May ki, 1S93; class two February 2^, 1897; class 
three April i, 1899; class four June 25, 1900, to take effect 
July I, 1900; appointed Chief of the Bureau of Rolls and 
Library December 4, 1905; member of the Department of 
State Advisory Committee on Printing and Publication 
February 23, 1906; member of the Committee on Business 
Methods January 28, 1907; representative of the Depart- 
ment of State on the LTnited States Board on Geographic 
Names May 24, 1907; Chief Clerk November 30. 1909; ap- 
pointed a member of the committee to represent the De- 
partment of State in the inquiry ordered by the President 
into the economy and efhciency of the Executive Depart- 
ments of the Government October iq, 1910; Chief of the 
Bureau of Accounts and Disbursing Clerk April 23, 1913, 
to take effect May i, 1913. 

Magelssen, William C— Born in Bratsberg, Minn., Octo- 
ber 19, 1873; attended the public schools and Luther Col- 
lege, Decorah, Iowa; assistant business manager of the 
South Dakota Echo for one year; assistant city assessor 
of Sioux Falls for two terms; home, Bratsberg, Minn.; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Beirut September 20, 
1899; Vice and Deputy Consul-General August 30, 1905; 
Consul at Bagdad June 22, 1906; Consul at Colombo Feb- 
ruary 20, 1909; Consul at Melbourne August 19, 1911. 

Magruder, Alexander Richardson— Born in Nice, France, of 
American parents January 17, 1883; graduate of Harvard 
University (A. B.). 1906; with a cement company in New 
York City one and a half years; appointed, after examina- 
tion (May 17, 1909), Secretary of the Legation to Paraguay 
and Uruguay August 4, 1909; Second Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Rio de Janeiro September 17, 1910; Second Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Rome March 2, 191 1; Secretary of 
the Legation at Lima June 5, 1912; clerk class three in the 
Department of State under the provisions of Executive 
order of December i, 1910, December 13, 1912; Secretary of 
the Legation at Copenhagen May i, 1913. 

Mahin, Frank W.— Born in Muscatine, Iowa, in 1851; 
home, Clinton, Iowa; attended university and law school; 
was postmaster for four years; regent of Iowa State L^ni- 
versity; editor and manager of the Clinton (Iowa) Daily 
Herald; appointed, after examination (December 2, 1897I, 
Consul at Reichenberg December 18, 1897; Consul at Not- 
tingham June II, 1902; Consul at Amsterdam May 4, 1910. 

Makinson, George Albert— Born in San Francisco, Cal., 
March iS, 1S86; educated in the Lowell high school; 
machinist's apprentice three years; salesman; assistant 
foreman machinist, Bureau of Navigation, Manila, 1907; 
employed as assistant secretary of American Association 
of Commerce and Trade, Berlin; appointed Consular Agent 
at Sorau December 23, 1909. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



89 



Mallett, Frank Earle Born in Lee, Me., June jS, 1S75; edu- 
cated in public and private schools and at Heidelberg, 
Paris, Geneva, and Turin; clerk in American Consulate at 
Cologne, iSgg-iyoo; teaching, writing, translating, etc., 
1900-1904; clerk in American ('onsulale at Budapest, 1904; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Budapest 
August 10, 1906. 

iVlallon, Winifred — Born in North Evans, Eric County, N.Y.; 
graduate of Eastern High School, Washington, D. C, 
and took a course in Columbian University; engaged in 
clerical, newspaper, and magazine work and as private 
secretary; in Library of Congress, 1902--?; appointed type- 
writer at Igoo, under Civil Service rules. Department of 
Commerce and Labor January, 1904; transferred to the 
War Department August, 1905; promoted to $1,000 June, 
1908; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
$900 .July 20, iqii; appointed at |i,ooo December 30, 1912, 
to be effective January i, 191 5. 

Malone, Dudley Field -Born in New- York City June 3, 1880' 
received his education in the public schools of New York' 
College of St. I'rancis Xavier, Fordham L'niversity (A. B.)' 
and fordham Law School (I.L. B.); practicing attorney 
New York City; appointed Third Assistant Secretary of 
State April 21, 1913; special representative of the President, 
with the rank of Env oy E.vtraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary, at the inauguration of (ien. Mario G. Menocal 
as President of Cuba at Habana May 20, 1913. 

Malone, Thomas C. — Born August 29, 1872; appointed la- 
borer in the War Department December 8, 1903; classified 
laborer July i, 1906; transferred to the Department of 
State as assistant messenger July 8, 1907; appointed clerk 
at Sgoo November r, 1912. 

Manachy, Lorenzo Y. — Turkish subject, born in Syria No- 
vember 25, 1875; clerk in Alexandretta Consulate, 1905- 
1908; clerk in shipping office; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Aleppo November 20, igo8. 

Manning, Isaac A.— Born in Abingdon, Ind., January 14, 
1864; home, Salem, Oreg.; educated in the public schools 
of Salem; engaged in newspaper work; general manager 
of coffee syndicate in Nicaragua; appointed Consular 
Agent at Matagalpa November 2, 1809; resigned January, 
1905; appointed, after examination (March 14, 1907), Consul 
at Cartagena March 30, 1907; Consul at La Guaira Febru- 
ary 18, 1900; Consul at Barranquilla August 19, 1911. 

Mansfield, Francis Miltoun- Born in Lynn, Mass., Febru- 
ary 14, 1871; educated in public and commercial schools of 
Boston and Washington; author of books on foreign travel 
for seven years; appointed Consular Agent at Toulon, 
France, July 2, 1909. 

Mansfield, Robert E. — Born in Long Creek, Iowa, June 13, 
1866; home, Marion, Ind.; educated in the public schools 
of Iowa and Indiana; journalist; appointed, after examina- 
tion (May 22, 1899), Consul at Zanzibar May 25, iSgg; retired 
January 10, 1901; appointed Consul at Valparaiso March 
27, 1901; Consul at Lucerne June 22, 1906; Consul at St. 
Gall June 10, 190S; Consul-General at Zurich February 17. 
1909; Consul-General at Vancouver September 29, 1913. 

Marburg, Theodore— Born in Baltimore, Md., July 10, 1862; 
educated at Princeton Preparatory School, Johns Hopkins 
University, Oxford, Ecole Libre de la Science Politique, 
Paris, and University of Heidelberg; A. M., Johns Hopkins 
University, 1902; trustee Johns Hopkins University; presi-, 
dent Municipal Art Society; vice president American 
Economic Association, 1899-1901; chairman executive com- 
mittee, American Peace Congress, 1911; president Mary- 
land Peace Society; secretary -American Society for Judicial 
Settlement of International Disputes; author, poet, trans- 
lator, and contributor to reviews; appojnted Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium 
March i, 1913. 

Marschalk, Andrew Earle — Born in Cartersville, Ga., March 
19, 1874; educated in public school of Washington, D. C; 
stenographer to a member of the House of Representa- 
tives and in office of lawyer; newspiaper reporter; ap- 
pointed temporary clerk in the War Department May 13, 
1898; resigned November 30, 1899; appointed special la- 
borer at $2.80 per diem in the Navy Department, under 
Civil Service rules, December i, 1899; transferred to the 
Department of State as clerk at $900 July 16, igco; class 
one June 17, 1901, to take effect July i, 1901; resigned 
June 30, 1903; reappointed July i, 1903; class two May 
24, 1905, to take effect June 1, 1905. 



Marsh, Frances M. — Born in Lewisburg, I'a.; educated in 
the public scluiols of Lewisburg and Bucknell Institute; 
clerk ill railway office; inofticeof Register of Wills, Wash- 
ington, D. C, and assistant clerk to the Senate Committee 
on Rules; appointed clerk in the Department of State, at 
$1,200 per annum, under Executive order, April i6, 1909. 

Marshall, William Francis— Born in Newport, R. I., Janu- 
ary 6, 1890; educated in the private and public schools of 
Newport; clerk for three and one-lialf years in the chem- 
ical laboratory. Naval Torpedo Staticm, Newport, and for 
nine months in a lawyer's office and in business houses of 
Newport; appointed clerk in the Department of State at 
$900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, March 30, 
1910; permanently at same salary October i, 1910; at $1,000 
June 27. 191 1. 

Martin, Chester W.— Born in Coldwater, Mich., August ir, 
1S53; home, Ithaca, Mich.; public-school education; em- 
ployed in export business in New York City for ten years; 
register of deeds in Gratiot County, Mich., four years; en- 
g-aged in real-estate business; served in the Michigan 
State Senate, 1895-96; appointed, after examination (Octo- 
ber 14, 1897), Consul at Amherstburg October 15, 1897; 
Consul at Martinique June 22, igo6; Consul at Barbados 
June 10, 1908. 

Martin, George R. — British subject, born in Russia April 
20, 1872; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at Rostoff- 
on-Don October 23, 1903. 

Martin, jr., John Stephen-Born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 
'3i 1855; graduate of the " Lycee " of the University of 
France in Marseille (B. S.), 1873; in commercial business 
at Marseille; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Mar- 
seille November rg, 1878; acted as Consul on several 
occasions; resigned September 15, 1889; appointed confi- 
dential clerk to the Commissioner of Railroads November 

I, i88g; clerk in the Department of State at $1,000, on pro- 
bation, under Civil Service rules, August i, 1891; perma- 
nently at same salary February i, 1892; class one Febru- 
ary 10, 1892; class two September 15, 1893; class three May 

II, 1894; class four July i, 1895; translator June 25, igoo, to 
take effect July i, igoo. 

Mason, Burdett — Born in New Haven, Conn., February 
14, iSjs; educated in New Haven, Conn., Germany, and 
Italy; musician, painter, astronomer; appointed Consular 
Agent at Bayonne October 28, 1913. 

Mason, Dean Birchard— Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 17, 1867; educated in public schools, Cleveland; Lycee, 
Marseille; Cornell University, and in Germany; appointed 
Vice-Consul-General at Vienna August 25. 1893; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Frankfort December 13, 1895; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Berlin March 8, 1899; 
appointed, after examination. Consular Clerk June 8, 1899; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Paris July 7, 1906; 
Consular Assistant July i, 190S; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Algiers November 10, 1911; Consul at Algiers Decem- 
ber 18, 1911. 

Mason, Edward Hopkins — Born in Chicago, 111., January 16, 
1870; attended private schools in Chicago and graduated 
from Yale (B. A.); railroad contractor; president of the 
Call Tramway Co.; appointed Consular Agent at Call 
November 18, iqio. 

Masson, Frank Edward — British subject, born in Athens, 
Greece, November 21, 1879; served in the L'nited States 
Army, 1896-1901; representative of a Pittsburgh company 
in mining experiments in Greece; appointed clerk in the 
American Legation at Athens September 25, 1902. 

Masterson, William Wesley— Born in CarroUton, Ky., Feb- 
ruary g, 1861; home, CarroUton; educated in public schools, 
Henry College, and Cincinnati Law School; practiced law 
in CarroUton, Ky., 1885-1895; appointed Consul at Aden 
February 25, 1895; retired April, 1S98, and resumed the 
practice of law in CarroUton; was also connected with a 
newspaper, 1898-1903; reappointed Consul at Aden March 
13, igo3; appointed Consul at Batum June 22, igo6; Consul 
at Harput June 10, 1908. 

Matheson, Francis F.— Born in New Brunswick July 2, 1863; 
in business since 1883; police magistrate of Campbellton; 
appointed Vice-Consul at Campbellton July i, 1908. 

Matlievich, Emerio— Austro-Hungarian subject, born in 
Sevastopol September 12, 1882; managing partner in firm 
of steamship, general commission, and forwardingagents; 
appointed Vice-Consul at Batum June 13, 1907. 



90 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



Maynard, Lester— Born in San Francisco, Cal., April 5, 
1877; educated in the publicschools of California; journal- 
isl, publislier, editor, and war correspondent; appointed 
Consul at Sandakan June 26, iyo6; Consul at Vladivostok 
IVIarch 11, igo8; Consul at Harbin August ij, igii; Consul 
at Amoy August 20, igi2. 

Meinhardt, Carl David Born in Brockport, N. V., July 30, 
18S8; home, Brockport; attended the Brockport State 
Normal School and graduated from Syracuse University 
(Ph. B.), 191 1; principal of Crown Point (N. Y.) high school. 
1911-12; appointed, after examination (January 31, 1912), 
Student Interpreter in China March 12. 1912; Deputy 
Consul-General at Hankow October 3, 1913. 

Melissinos, Bernard— Greek subject, born in Cephalonia 
August I, 1868; in coal business; appointed Consular Agent 
at Pirjeus August 30, 1906; also Vice-Consul-General at 
Athens September 13, igo6; retired as Consular Agent at 
Pira;us February 27, 1908. 

Mella, George Stavro — Citizen of Argentina, born in Buenos 
Aires January 27, 1874; clerk in ship broker's office, 1889- 
1898; in railway office, 1899-1903; appointed clerk in the 
American Legation at Buenos Aires June i, 1903. 

Memminger, Lucien — Born in Tampa, Fla., August 11, 1879; 
home, Charleston, S. C; educated in the publicschools; on 
staff of five newspapers for several years; served a full 
term in the State militia of South Carolina; appointed, 
after e.xamination (March 14, 1907), Consular Clerk March 
30, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Boma April 
3, 1907; Consular Assistant July 1, 1908; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Naples August 13, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Beirut April 21, 1910; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at Smyrna January 21, 1911; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Paris December 13, 191 1; Consul at Rouen 
September 18, 1913. 

IVlerritt, Leonard A.— Born in Marquette County, Wis., June 
3, 1861; educated in public schools and a commercial col- 
lege and graduated from George Washington University 
(LL. M.); telegraph operator; railway station agent; ste- 
nographer in various offices in St. Paul, Minn.; postmaster 
for two years in Minnesota; member of the bar of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia; appointed compiler in the Department 
of Agriculture, under Civil Service rules, March 24, 1896; 
resigned August 4, i8g6; appointed clerk in the Depart- 
ment of State at |goo, on probation, August 5, 1896; per- 
manently at same salary October i, i8g6; at $1,000 June 3, 
i8g8; class one July i, iSgg; class two February i, 1902; 
class three March 2, 1908; class four August 22, jgi2. 

Merwin, Robert Lorin Born in New York City October 21, 
1863; educated in public schools of New York and Con- 
necticut; merchant on St. Croix Island since 1885; British 
Vice-Consul at St. Croix, 1887-1895; apiiointed Consular 
Agent at Fredericksted April 12, igoi. 

Metzger, Jacob Allen— Born in Stark County, Ohio, Febru- 
ary 5, 1880; attended public school, high school, and com- 
mercial college; employed as school-teacher, bookkeeper, 
stenographer, and order clerk; appointed copyist at I900 
in the General Land Office, under Civil Service rules. 
May 2, 1907; resigned September 12, 1907; appointed clerk 
at $goo in the Department of State, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, September 13, igo7: permanently at 
.same salary March 13, igoS; at $r,ooo July i, igo8; class one 
June I, igog; class two October 21, 1910; class three March 
1, 1912. 

Micbelson, Albert Hemlnway— Born in Annapolis, Md., Jan- 
uary 16, 1878; home, Cambridge, Mass.; studied in Paris; 
attended the Worcester (Mass.) Academy, and graduated 
from Harvard University in 1901; appointed Consular 
Agent at Charleroi April i j, igoi; Consul at Turin January 
2g, 1906; Honorary Commissioner to the International 
Exposition of Industry and Labor of igii; Consul at Han- 
over August 22, igi2; attended the sessions of the Confer- 
ence for the Regulation of International Expositions held 
at Berlin October 8, 1912. 

Middleton, Alfred — Born in Scotland June i, 1880; law 
clerk, stenographer, and bookkeeper; clerk in Glasgow 
Consulate since 1905; appointed Deputy Consul at Glas- 
gow November 7, igo6; Vice-Consul September 24, 1907; 
Deputy Consul ^Iay 25, igog. 

Middleton, Herbert Paul -Born in Kansas City, Mo., May 14, 
1882; attended public schools and graduated from Banks 
Business College of Philadelphia; took courses at Temple 
College, Young Men's Christian Association of Washing- 
ton, D. C, and at Pearson's Preparatory School. Wash- 
ington, D. C; student in George Washington University 
since igog; clerk and bookkeeper in several concerns in 



Philadelphia; appointed special laborer (typewriter) at 
$2.48 per diem, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
January 2g, igo6, in Navy De|)artment, with duty at naval 
magazine, lona Island; permanently August 12, igo6; at 
$2.80 per diem February 18, igo7; clerk at $1,000, tempo- 
rarily, in the Department of State July i, igo7; clerk at 
$goo, on probation, August i, igo7; permanently at same 
salary February i, igo8; class one July i, igo8; class two 
November 20, ign. 

Miescher, Max Amadeus— Citizen of Switzerland, born in 
Naples, Italy, March 12, 1886; member of firm of exporters 
in Bari, Italy; appointed Consular Agent at Bari June i, 
1912. 

Miles, Sherman— Born in Washington, D. C, December 5, 

1882; graduated from the United States Military Academy 
June II, igci; appointed additional second lieutenant 
Eleventh Cavalry June 13, igos; second lieutenant July 7, 
igos; first lieutenant Third Field Artillery July 8, 1907; 
assigned to duty as Military Attach^ to Roumania, Servia, 
and Bulgaria March 28, 19x2; also to Greece and Monte- 
negro February 17, 1913. 

Miller, Charles Henry— Born in Washington, D. C, Sep- 
tember ig, 1876; attended public school and business col- 
lege in Washington; appointed laborer in the Department 
of State January 1, i8g4; clerk at $800 June 8, 1896; at $goo 
February 15, i8g7; at $1,000 November 4, 1898; transferred 
to the Department of Commerce and Labor July i, 1903; 
appointed clerk of class one in the Bureau of Manufac- 
tures July r, 1905; resigned December 17, igog; appointed 
assistant law clerk in the Department of State at $1,500 
per annum December 17, igog. 

Miller, Clarence A.— Born in Houstonia, Mo., September 
13, 1877; attended grammar, high, and Kansas City law 
schoolsand George Washington University; in Third Mis- 
souri Volunteer Regiment in i8g8; engaged in the practice 
of law, i8gg-igo3; private secretary to Slate senator, igoi- 
igo3; employed under the Bureau of Pensions, igo3 4; em- 
ployed in the Bureau of Corporations, igo4-igo7; lecturer in 
Washington College of Law on "Corporation Law;" ap- 
pointed, after examination (March 14, igo7). Consul at 
Matamoros August 15, igo7; Consul at Tampico January 
1 1, 1910. 

Miller, Ransford Stevens— Born in Ithaca, N. Y., Octo- 
ber 21, 1867; graduate of Cornell University, 1888; secre- 
tary of the Voung Men's Christian Association, Japan, for 
four years; Acting Interpreter to the Legation to Japan 
from February, 1805; appointed Interpreter August 27, 
1895; Japanese Secretary and Interpreter to the Embassy 
to Japan July 24, igo6; Chief of the Division of Far Eastern 
Affairs, Department of State, August 31, igoc; secretary, 
with personal rank of Minister Plenipotentiary, of the 
Special Embassy representing the President and people 
of the United States at the funeral of the late Emperor of 
Japan at Tokyo September 13 15, 1912. 

Milner, James B.— Born in Middlefork, Ind., October 30, 
1857; educated in public school, Purdue University, and 
Indiana State University; practiced law in Lafayette, 
Ind.: prosecuting attorney and county attorney; ap- 
pointed, after e.xamination (February 23, i8g8). Consul at 
Calais March 1. 1898. 

Milner, William McKone — Born in Lafayette, Ind., June 3, 
1887; educated in Indiana, Fiance, and Germany; studied 
law in London two years; clerk in Calais Consulate; ap- 
pointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at Calais December 8, 



Mitchell, John Le Roy— Born in Reading, Pa., June 18, 
1891; educated in public schools of South Bethlehem, Pa., 
and Washington, D. C; later took special courses; in Navy 
Department as messenger and clerk, under Civil Service 
rules, November 26, igo6, to January 31, 1910; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $900 January 25, 1910; 
at $i,ooo October 22, 1912. 

Mitchell, jr., J. M. — Born in New Jersey in 1858; physician 
and druggist; appointed Consular Agent at San Pedro 
Sula January 26, 1891. 

Mitchell, Mason—Born in Hamilton, N, Y., February 26, 
1859; attended the public schools of Syracuse, N. Y., 
Phillips Academy, and St. John's; lecturer and writer; 
theatrical manager for twenty-five years; was chief of 
scouts under Canadian government during Riel rebellion 
in 1885; served in Spanish-American War; appointed, after 
examination (July 21, 1902), Consul at Zanzibar July 23, 
1902; Commercial Agent at Campbellton March 8, 1905; 
Consul at Chungking September 8, 1905; Consul at Apia 
May I, 1908. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



91 



Mixoo, Ada Born in Lee County, Ark.; attended the 
public schools of Arkansas and various private schools of 
Washington, D. C; graduate of Peabody Normal College, 
Nashville, Tenn.; teacher of public schools in Arkansas 
and clerk for a business house; appointed clerk, tempo- 
rarily, in the Department of State, at fgno per annum, 
March ig, 1907; clerk at $900, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, April 11, 1907; permanently at same salary 
October 11, 1907; at $1,000 July i, 190S; class one October 
I, 1913- 

Mocbizuki, JMatsutaro — (Iraduate of Harvard University, 
1910; business man and journalist; appointed clerk in the 
American Kmbassy at Tokyo December, 1912. 

Modica, Leonard Blake "Born in Henniker, N. H., August 
.'4, 1885; graduated from Dartmouth College (A. B.), 1903; 
employed in the implement-supply business in Kansas 
City, Mo., one year; clerk m the American Legation at 
Bogota July, 1909, to September, 1910; at Managua March, 
igii, to March, 1912; reappointed clerk in the American 
Legation at Managua December 26, i9i.>. 

Moe, Alfred Keane -Born in Buffalo, N. V., Octobers, 1874; 
educated at Phillips E.xeter Academy, 1891-1893, and at 
Harvard College, 1893-1897: law student, 1897-98; employed 
as clerk in the War Department, 1898-99; resigned April 
14, 1899, to engage in the practice of law; reentered the 
Government service November r, 1899; appointed, after 
e.xamination (May 9, 1902), Consul at Tegucigalpa June 2, 
1902; Consul at Dublin October 13, 1904; Consul at Bor- 
deau.x March 3, 1909. 

Momsen, Richard Paul-Born in Milwaukee, Wis., Septem- 
ber 12, 1S90; attended the German parochial, grammar, 
and high schools of Milwaukee; graduated from George 
Washington University law school (LL B.l, 1912; private 
secretary to a Congressman, 1905-1913; appointed Deputy 
Consul-Generai at Riode Janeiro F"ebruary 7, 1913. 

Montesanto, Isaiah— Subject of Greece, born in Smyrna, 
Turkey, November 8, 1862; Interpreter to the Consulate at 
Sivas, Turkey, 1889-1906; appointed Vice-Consul at Trebi- 
zond August 18, 1906; also Interpreter to the Consulate 
September 27, igo6; Vice and Deputy Consul June 22, 1911. 

Moore, Charles Albert — Born in Philadelphia, Pa., August 
28, 1868; educated in public and private schools in Phila- 
delphia; employed in the Philadelphia post office two and 
one-half years; appointed clerk in the American Legation 
at Port au Prince May 30, 1902. 

Moore, John Bassett — Born in Smyrna, Del., December 3, 
i860; graduate of the University of Virginia, 1S80; admit- 
ted to the bar in Delaware, 18S3; is an LL D. of Colum- 
bian (now George Washington) University, Delaware 
College, Vale University, and the University of Chile; 
was a law clerk in the Department of State, 18S5-86; 
Third Assistant Secretary of State. 1886-1891, and Assist- 
ant Secretary of State April-September, 1898; professor of 
international law and diplomacy, Columbia University, 
1891; secretary and counsel Spanish-American Peace 
Commission, Paris, 1S98; agent of the I'nited States before 
the United States and Dominican Arbitration Tribunal. 
1904; delegate of the United States, Fourth International 
American Conference, Buenos Aires, 1910; Special Pleni- 
potentiary to the Centenary Celebration of Chile, 1910; 
member of the International Commission of Jurists, 1912; 
member of the Permanent Court at The Hague; author of 
Report on Extraterritorial Crime, 1887; Report on Extra- 
dition, 1890; Extradition and Interstate Rendition 1 2 vols. ). 
1891; American Notes on the Conflict of Laws, 1898; His- 
tory and Digest of International Arbitrations (6 vols.), 
1898; American Diplomacy, Its Spirit and Achievements, 
19^5; Digest of International Law 18 vols.), 1906; Four 
Phases of American Development: Federalism, Democ- 
racy, Imperialism, Expansion 1 1912); editor of the Works 
of James Buchanan (12 vols.), 1908; an editor of the 
Political Science Quarterly and the Journal du Droit In- 
ternational Privee; appointed Counselor for the Depart- 
ment of State April 21, 1913; authorized and directed hy 
the President to perform the duties of Secretary of State 
during the absence or sickness of the Secretary of State 
April 24, 1913; appointed the representative of the Depart- 
ment of State on the Central Committee of the American 
National Red Cross May 29, 1913. 

Moore, Mary D. — Born in Washington, D. C; educated 
in schools of Washington; appointed temporary clerk in 
the Department of State at $900 September 20, 1889; ap- 
pointed confidential clerk to the Chief of the Consular 
Bureau at $1,000 January 6, 1806; brought into the classi- 
tied service by Executive order of May 6, 1896; class one 
October i, 1901. 



Moore, Rupert Holyoake British subject, born in England 
June 2J, 1875; in newspaper work; appointed Consular 
Agent at Kenora March 6, 1909. 

Moorhead, Maxwell Kennedy- Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., July 
14, 1877; home, Pittsburgh; attended Shady Side Academy, 
Pittsburgh, and graduated from the University of Chicago; 
employed as clerk for live years with the Pennsylvania 
Railway Co.; appointed, after examination (June 24, 1905), 
Consul at St. Thomas, Ontario, June 26, 190^; Consul at 
Belgrade June 22, 1906; Consul at Acapulco January 13, 
igo8; Consul at St. John, New Brunswick, May 31, 1909; 
C'onsul at Rangoon April 15, 1910. 

Morel, Benjamin— Born in France, 1858; lawyer; appointed 
Consular Agent at Dunkirk July 25, 1883. 

Morey yCabanellas, Juan -Spanish subject, born in Palma 
de Mallorca November 3, 1878; assistant to director of 
harbor-extension works four years; appointed Consular 
Agent at Palma de Mallorca January 20, igog. 

Morgan, Charles Leslie— Born in Amherst County, Va., Jan- 
uary 4, 1884; private, corporal, sergeant, and quartermaster 
sergeant. United States Marine Corps, ic)o8-iqi2; appointed 
clerk in the American Legation at Peking May 11, 1912. 

Morgan, Edwin Vernon— Born in Aurora, N. Y., February 
22, 1865; graduate of Harvard University, A. B. (1890), 
A. M. (1891); student at University of Berlin, 1891-92, 
1894-95; instructor in history. Harvard, 1892-1894, and 
Adelbert College, 1895 '898; secretary to United States 
Commissioner to Samoan Islands, April to August, 1899; 
appointed Secretary of the Legation at Seoul January 4, 
1900; Vice and Deputy Consul-Generai at Seoul March 15, 
igoo; Second Secretary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg 
March 9, igoi; confidential clerk to the Third Assistant 
Secretary of State April 7, 1902; Consul at Dalny January 
22, 1904; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Korea March 18, 1905; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Cuba November 29, 1905; En- 
voy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Para- 
guay and Uruguay December 21, igog; Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal May 24, 
1911; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to 
Brazil January 18, 1912. 

Morgan, Harry Corneau- Born in Decatur, 111., January 24, 
18S3; educated in the public and high schools of Decatur; 
assistant receiving teller. First National Bank, Denver, 
Colo., three and one-half years; employed in various 
capacities in the L'nited States. Nicaragua, and Mexico, 
1905-1912; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Santiago 
de Cuba June 13, 1912. 

Morgan, Henry H. — Born in New Orleans, La., December 
24, i860; home. New Orleans; educated at Brussels, Bel- 
gium, and Bonn, Germany; studied law; appointed Secre- 
tarj' of the Legation at the City of Mexico September 27, 
1882; retired June 6, 1885; employed as attorney to prose- 
cute the Belden claim against the Mexican Government in 
1886; cashier of a gaslight company in St. Louis, 1887-1891; 
engaged in mining in Mexico, 1892-1895; traveled abroad, 
1896; appointed Consul at Horgen June 8, i8;(7; Consul at 
Aarau May 25, i8g8; Consul at Lucerne May 15, 1902, to 
take effect July i, 1902; Consul at Stuttgart June 22, iqo6; 
Consul at Amsterdam April jg, 1907; Consul-Generai at 
Barcelona May n, igio. 

Morgentfaau, Henry — Born in Germany April 26, 1856; came 
to the United States in 1865; educated in public schools. 
College of the City of New York, and Columbia L^niversity 
(LL. B.), 1877; practiced law in New York, 1877-1899; presi- 
dent Central Realty Bond & Trust Co., 1899-1905; president 
Henry Morgenthau Co. (real estate), 1905-1913; director in 
several banking, mercantile, and manufacturing concerns; 
appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to Turkej- September 4, 1913. 

Morong, John Thomas— Born in San Francisco, Cal., July 
4, 1853; public-school education; in various lines of busi- 
ness in Chile since 1870; appointed Consular Agent at 
Caldera July 27, igoS. 

Morris, Leiand Burnelte— Born in Fort Clark, Tex., Febru- 
ary 7, 1886; graduated from Emerson Institute, Washing- 
ton, D. C, and attended University of Pennsylvania part 
of rive years; passed examinations of preliminary board, 
Pennsylvania State Law Examiners; appointed Student 
Interpreter in Turkey April i, 1910; Deputy Consul at 
Saloniki June 25, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consulat Saloniki 
October 25, 1912; also Interpreter August 4, 1913. 



92 



Biographical statement. 



Morrison, Emily Selina -Rorn in Millers Place, N. V.; edu- 
cated in public and private schools of Washington. D. C; 
appointed skilled laborer at $t)oo in Census Ofiice January 
I, 1900; clerk at $7^0 March, 1900; at $840 May, 1900; at 
$300 January i, 1901; at $1,000 July i, 1902; transferred to 
the Department of State as clerk at $900 October 11, 1905; 
appointed at $1,000 July i, 1907; class one June i, igog. 

Morrison, Thomas— Born in Canada August 24, 1843; edu- 
cated in public and private schools and academies; assistant 
to a railway superintendent; served in the Army of the 
Potomac; appointed temporary clerk in the Department of 
State March 7, 1867; class three July i, iS6g; class four 
November i, i88r; disbursing clerk to the American dele- 
gation at the F"irst Peace Conference at The Hague in 1899; 
Chief of the Bureau of Accounts and Disbursing Clerk 
April I, 1900; clerk class three April 23, 1913, to take effect 
May I, 1913. 

JVlortimer, George— British subject, born in Copetown. 
Ontario, Canada, May 4, 1867; telegrapher and station 
agent; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Niagara Falls 
December 15, ijio. 

Morton, James— Born in England March 3, 1835; solicitor 
since 1857, and town clerk of Kidderminster since 1867; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Kidderminster March 10, 1870. 

Mosely, Ernald Simpson— British subject, born in England 
November 23, x88o; clerk in Manchester Consulate since 
May, 1895; appointed Deputy Consul at Manchester De- 
cember 12, 1907. 

Moser, Charles Krath -Born in Marion, V'a , August 27, 
1877; attended public and private schools of Richmond, 
Va., high schools of Riverside and Santa Cruz, CaL, and 
the University of California; employed on ranches, 1892- 
i8g6; at the Dow Steam Pump Works in San Francisco in 
1899; manager of a fruit-drying company in 1900; reporter 
on San Francisco Chronicle, 1900- 1904; admitted to the 
California bar in 1902; practiced law; magazine writer 
and an associate editor of the Washington Post; resident 
of Lewinsville, Va.; appointed, after examination (April 
7, 1908), Consul at Aden May 31, 1909; Consul at Colombo 
August 19, igii. 

Mosher, Robert Brent Born in the District of Columbia in 
1857; appointed clerk in the War Department in i838; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $r,ooo, on pro- 
bation, under Civil Service rules, July 19, iSgu; perma- 
nently, class one, January 19, 1891; class three November 
4, 1895; class four January 6, 1896; designated to act as 
Appointment Clerk January 23, 1897; appointed Chief of 
the Bureau of Appointments July 7, 1898; Consul at Col- 
lingwood March 10, 1905; Consul at Port Elizabeth No- 
vember 21, igofi; Consul-General at Hankow January u, 
igro; Consul at Plauen August ig, igii. 

Muecke, Edward E.— Born in San Francisco, CaL, Decem- 
ber II, 1869; educated in California and Germany; post- 
master of Aurora, Oreg., 1894-95; merchant; appointed 
Vice-Consul at Iquique October 8, 1900; Vice and Deputy 
Consul March 13, igog. 

Mulder, Enrique— Born in the Netherlands in 1856; ship 
broker; appointed Consular Agent at Vigo August 24, 
1897; retired April, 1898; reappointed April 18, igoo. 

Mullen, Owen Fisher— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 17, 
1876; educated in public schools of Philadelphia, Banks 
Business College, and Franklin Institute; clerk, stenog- 
rapher, and typewriter in various offices, factories, and 
stores, 1890-1904; appointed clerk (stenographer and type- 
writer) at $100 per month, on probation, in the office of the 
engineer of the fourth light-house district. Department of 
Commerce and Labor, at Philadelphia, (Jctober 4, 1904; 
continued after probationary period at same salary; re- 
signed July 22, 1905; appointed special laborer (typewriter), 
temporarily, at $2.80 per diem, in the bureau of ordnance, 
League Island navy-yard, Philadelphia, Septembers, 1907; 
appointment e.xpired November 6, 19C7; appointed special 
laborer (stenographer), temporarily, at $3.04 per diem, in 
the bureau of construction and repair, League Island navy- 
yard, November 16, 1907; resigned January 4, 1908; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $goo, on pro- 
bation, under Civil Service rules, December 31, 1907; class 
one July i, 1908. 

Mummenhoff, Ernest Herbert Lawrence— Born in England 
January 27, 1S74; clerk in Hamburg Consulate since March, 
1893; appointed Deputy Consul at Hamburg June 15, 1898; 
Vice and Deputy Consul June 8, i89g; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-Gcncral March 18, 1903. 



Munier, Louis H. — Citizen of Switzerland, born April 9, 
1872; bookkeeper and correspondent; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Geneva May 10, 1899. 

Murphy, Dominic 1.— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 31, 
1847; educated in the private and public schools of Phila- 
delphia; journalist; lawyer; appointed clerk in Pension 
Office March 22, 1871; afterwards Chief Clerk of Pension 
Bureau, First Deputy Commissioner, and Commissioner of 
Pensions; Secretary of the Isthmian Canal Commission 
April 14, 1904; appointed Consul at Bordeau,\ May 23, 1905; 
Honorary Commissioner to the International Maritime 
Exposition, Bordeaux, igo?; Consul at St. Gall February 
18, igog. 

Murphy, George H.— Born in Scuppernong, N. C, Septem- 
ber 28, i860; educated in public and private schools in North 
Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Delaware; teacher in Rugby 
Academy, Wilmington, Del.; appointed, after examination 
(June, 1886), Consular Clerk June 22, 1886; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Chemnitz September 7, 1886; Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral at Berlin March 7, 1889; V'ice and Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral April 8, 1890; Consular Agent at Hanover December 23, 
1890; Vice-Commercial Agent at Luxemburg June 30, 1893, 
retired as Vice-Commercial Agent February 13, 1896; ap- 
pointed Vice-Consul at Colon January 17, 1898; designated 
to inspect consulates on the west coast of Colombia, Cen- 
tral America, and Mexico March 17, 1898; retired as Vice- 
Consul April 18, 1898; designated to inspect certain con- 
sulates in Mexico November 19, 1898; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Bremen September 20, 1899; Vice arid 
Deputy Consul at Magdeburg February 5, 1900; Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Frankfort December i, 
1900; designated to inspect certain consulates in Germany 
November 18, 1904; appointed Consular Agent at St. Catha- 
rines March 13, 1905; Consul-General at Large May 23, 
1906, to take effect July i, 1906. 

Murphy, William B.— Born in North Carolina October 15, 
1856; educated in North Carolina; appointed Deputy Con- 
sul at Chemnitz March 13, 1888; Vice and Deputy Consul 
March 26, 1889; Deputy Consul-General at Vienna June 20, 
1890; retired March, 1893; appointed Consular Agent at 
Geestemiinde August 10, 1893; Consular Agent at Bremer- 
haven-Geestemiinde December 8, 1893; Consular Agent at 
Guben September 23, 1897; Consular Agent at Sorau Au- 
gust 2, 1898: Consular Agent at Arnprior August 24, igog. 

Murphy, William Herbert Born in Berlin, Germany, of 
American parents April n, 1889; attended the public schools 
of Washington three years; gymnasia at Magdeburg and 
Frankfort five years; North (Jarolina Military Academy 
one year; St. Catharines Collegiate Institute two years; 
McGill University, Montreal, four years; employed as elec- 
trical engineer, igii-12; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul-General at Coburg October 10, 1912. 

Murton, Thomas William— Born in England July 7, 1858; is 
a professor of English; appointed Vice-Consul at Greno- 
ble June 28, 1895; Vice and Deputy Consul January 24, 
1902. 

Myers, David Jackson Duke— Born in La Fayette, Ga., April 

5, 1887; graduate of University of Georgia (A. B.), 1900; 
taught in schools in Georgia, 1900-1901; teacher in the 
Philippines, 1901-1903, and for six months in 1905; civil 
engineer. Canton, China, 1903-4; surveyor in the Philip- 
pines, 1905-1912; appointed, after examination (April i, 
1912), Consul at Puerto Cortes August 24, igi2. 

Myers, Louis Samuel -Born April 2, 1873; appointed laborer 
(unclassified) in the Department of Commerce and Labor 
July 3, 1903; transferred to the Department of State April 

6, igi2. 

Myers, MyrI Scott- Born in Cumberland County, Pa., 
February 17, 1886; attended private schools; graduate of 
Dickinson College, A. B (igo6), A. M. (1907!; principal of 
Auburn schools, 1906-7; appointed, after examination (Au- 
gust 14, 1907), Student Interpreter in China August 27, 1907; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Can- 
ton November i, 1900; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
and Interpreter at Tientsin December i, 1910; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Mukden July 
25, 191 1. 

Nabel, Eugene- Born in (iermany October 28, 1879; natu- 
ralized in Rhode Island February 18, 1903; educated in 
private schools and commercial colleges in Chemnitz and 
business college in Providence; reporter, accountant, and 
correspondent, 1899-1907; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul-General at St. Gall September g, 1907; Viceand Deputy 
Consul July i, igoS. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Q?, 



Nalin, Paul — Citizen of France, born in Marseille March 
4, 1867; manager for the Messag-eries Maritimes at Aden; 
appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at Aden December 10, 
1912. 

Nasmith, Charles Roy- Born in Mannsville, N. Y., July iS, 
1882; graduate of Colgate University (A. B.), 1Q04; at- 
tended Harvard University law school three months; en- 
gaged on survey work in vacation seasons; teacher in two 
scliools, igo4-iqo6; clerk in Limoges Consulate. 1907; ap- 
pointed Vice-Consul at Limoges April 22, igoy; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at MrusseLs May 25, 1911; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 31, 1912), Consular 
Assistant November 27, 1912. 

Nathan, Edward Isaac — Born in Philadelphia, Pa , July 10, 
1S7S; attended the Philadelphia high school; graduated 
from the law department of the University of Pennsylva- 
nia; employed as wholesale dry-goods stock clerk; in- 
structor; practiced law since 19 .5; appointed, after exami- 
nation (July 7, 1907), Consul at Patras August 15, 1907; 
Consul at Mersina May 4, igoo. 

Nelson, Anders Christian—Born in Denmark May 11, 1858; 
naturalized in Chicago, 1891; educated in public and pri- 
vate schools and military school of Denmark; in newspa- 
per work for sixteen years in Minneapolis and Chicago; 
appointed Consular Agent at Schiedam August 13, 1901; 
Consular Agent at Scheveningen April 5, 1910. 

Neuer, Charles— Born in Germany, 1844; naturalized citi- 
zen of the United States; in dry-goods business in New- 
York nine years; appointed Consular Agent at Gera July 
31, 1S82; retired April, 1Q04; reappointed December 20. 
1904. 

Neville, Edwin Lowe— Born in Cleveland, Ohio, November 
16, 1884; graduate of Cleveland high school and the Univer- 
sity of ^lichigan ( B. A.); appointed, after examination (Au- 
gust 14, 1907), Student Interpreter in Japan August 27, 1907; 
also Vice and Deputy Consul at Dalny, Manchuria, Au- 
gust ^1, 1909; retired as Vice and Deputy Consul at Dalny 
September 30, iqoli; appointed Interpreter to the Consulate- 
General at Seoul, Korea, March 29, 1910; also Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General February 25, 191 1; Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Dalny November 10, 1911; reappointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Seoul 
January 17, 1912; appointed Consul at Antung September 
18, 1913. 

Newcome, William A. — Born in New York in June, i866; 
appointed stenographerand typewriter. War Department, 
San Francisco, Cal., under Civil Service rules, February, 
1898; resigned September, 1904; appointed clerk in the 
Department of State at $900, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, December 2, 1904; class one March i, 1905; 
class four July 2, iqo6; resigned August 31, 1908; detailed 
as a clerical assistant to the delegation of the United 
States to the Second Peace Conference at The Hague, 
1907; appointed clerk on the Japanese Exposition Com- 
mission; reinstated as clerk in the Department of State at 
$1,000 February i, 1909; assigned to duty in connection 
with the Department's exhibit at the Alaska-Vukon- 
Pacific Exposition at Seattle. Wash., May 18, iqog, to Oc- 
tober 15, 1909; appointed clerk class one April i, 191 1; at 
$1,800 October 5, 1911; clerk in the American Embassy at 
Rome February i, 1912. 

Newell, Arthurs.— Born in Morris, 111., October 17, 1850; 
attended the Adamsville (111.) Academy; decorator; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Waterloo, Canada, January 
12, i885; resigned January 28, 1901; reappointed August 29, 
1910. 

Newhard, Harold Frederick— Born in AUentown, Pa., Sep- 
tember ig, 1877; educated in the public schools of Pennsyl- 
vania and in a business college; clerk; appointed Viceand 
Deputy Consul at Vladivostok October 2, 1909; also Inter- 
preter January 26, 1910; retired as Interpreter July i, 1913. 

Newton, Thomas John— Born in England January 20, 1852; 
naturalized at Washington, D. C, in 187.=;; educated in 
public schools of Philadelphia; clerk and salesman in busi- 
ness houses; clerk deputized to administer oaths in office 
of pension agent. Washington. D C; appointed tempo- 
rary clerk in the Department of State at $goo July i, 1874; 
permanently at same salary February i, 1875; class one 
July I, 1875; class two .August 5, 1882; class three July i, 
1889; class four May ri. 1S93; special disbursing officer 
of the Department of State for the Alaskan Boundary 
Tribunal from August i to November 18, 1903. 

Nicholls, Richard Boundy— Born in England April 20. 1861; 
clerk in Bradford Consulate since 1S83; appointed Deputy 
Consul at Bradford August 2, 1893. 



Nicholls, William W.-Born in England October 24, i860; 
naturalized May 12, 1880; educated in the Boston grammar, 
high, and Latin schools and by private instruction; ship- 
ping and commission merchant fourteen years; appointed 
Consular Agent at St. Michael's December 12. i88g; retired 
May 1, iSgg; appointed Vice and Deoutv Consul September 
5, i3gg. 

Nielsen, Fred Kenelm Horn in Denmark April 22, 1879; 
educated in public schools of Omaha, Nebr.; graduate of 
the University of Nebraska (A. B., LL. B 1 and of George- 
town University (LL. M.); employed in real-estate office 
and practiced law in Nebraska; member of the bar of the 
District of Columbia; appointed clerk in the Department 
of State at $goo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
July 15, 1904; permanently at same salary January 16, 1905; 
class one July 2, 1906; class two March 4, 1907; class three 
November 2, 1908; special agent of the General Land Office 
May 17, igogi^ resigned January 16, 1911; clerk with New- 
foundland Fisheries Arbitration Commission January- 
April, igii; clerk of class three. Department of State, April 
25, 1911; law clerk August i, 1913. 

Nielsen, Hans Christian— British subject, born in England. 
1850; shipowner; appointed Consular Agent at Hartlepool 
January 12, 1897; Consular Agent at West Hartlepool .May 
15, 1899. 

Nixon, Hetherington— British subject, born in England May 
13,1859; clerk in Newcastle Consulatesince 1892; appointed 
Viceand Deputy Consul at Newcastle-on-Tyne July 2, 1896. 

Norman, George C— Citizen of Argentina; born in Monte- 
video, Uruguay, February 25, 1880; general commission 
agent; appointed Consular Agent at Santa Fe December 

24, iglo. 

Norfhrup, Alfred S.--Born in Chicago, 111.. June 6, 1873; 
graduated from the University of Chicago (A. B.). i8g4; 
admitted to Illinois bar, 1895;' practiced law at Chicago, 
1895-igni, except period from March to October, i8g3, dur- 
ing which served in Troop H, Sixth United States Cav- 
alry, in United States and Porto Rico; superintendent of 
schools. Porto Rico. 1901-1903; Philippine government 
service, 1904-1906. principally in the administration of friar 
lands estates; admitted to Philippine bar, after examina- 
tion in Spanish civil law. March, igo6; practiced law in 
Manila. P. I., and Mexico City. Mexico, 1906-1909; special 
agent, General Land Office, Department of the Interior, 
July, igog, to March, igio; assistant to the Solicitor. De- 
partment of Agriculture. April, igio. to March, igu; natu- 
ralization examiner. Department of Commerce and Labor. 
April, igii, to March. 1912; appointed, after examination 
(June 27, igioi, Consul at Trebizond March 8, 1912. 

Norton, Thomas Herbert— Born in Rushford, N. Y., June 30, 
1851; attended the public schools of New York State and 
Ontario, Canada; graduated from Hamilton College (A. B.), 
1873, and the University of Heidelberg (Ph. D.). 1875; at- 
tended the University of Berlin. 1876-77, and the University 
of Paris, 1S77 78; degree of Sc. D. conferred by Hamilton 
College, 1895; manager of large chemical works in France 
for four years; editor of the St. Catharines (Canada) Daily 
News for one year; on the editorial staffs of Nature and 
The Chemical News 1 London); author of the Government 
report on the chemical exhibits of the Paris Exposition, 
1878; professor of chemistry. University of Cincinnati, 
for seventeen y;_ears, and university librarian three years; 
founder of the Cincinnati Chemical Society in i8go; coun- 
selor of the American Chemical Society seven years; 
general secretary of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, 1893. and vice-president, 1894; 
nominated in 1895 by the Department of State, at the re- 
quest of the Ottoman Government, to found school of sci- 
ence at Constantinople; appointed, after examination (May 
28. 1900), Consul at Harput Junes, 1900; Consul at Smyrna 
March 8, 1905; Consul at Chemnitz July 25, 1906; detailed 
for special duty to make an investigation and report upon 
chemical industries in Europe July i, i.^jii. 

O'Hagan, Philip -Born in Ireland January 1. 1869; solicitor, 
notary public, and commissioner; appointed Consular 
Agent at Londonderry June 8, igo8. 

O'Keefe, James A.— Born in Newark, N. J., March 4, 1868; 
attended public school and the Cathedral School and St. 
Aloysius Academy at Newark. N. J.; employed as tele- 
graph clerk, operator, traffic chief, and chief operator in 
the Postal and Western Union Telegraph companies at 
Richmond and Washington; appointed clerk in the Depart- 
ment of State at $goo, on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, January 2, 1909; permanently at same salary July 3, 
1909; class one December 7, igog; class two September 10. 
1913- 



94 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT 



Olivares, Jose de Horn in California November 26, 1867; 
educated in private and public schools of southern Califor- 
nia, by tutors, and at the Liceodc Varones at Guadalajara, 
Mexico; traveling' correspondent for various American 
newspapers until ifjoi; correspondent at Paris Exposition. 
1900; author of "Our Islands and Their People; " war cor- 
respondent during Spanish-American War; VVorld's Fair 
(St. Louis) Exposition Commissioner to the South Ameri- 
can Republics, and commissioner from the Argentine Re- 
public to the exposition in 1904; newspaper correspondent 
until igo6; appointed, after examination (June 13, 1906), 
Consul at Managua June 23, iq<)6; assigned to special duty 
in the Department of State December i, 1909-January n, 
1910; appointed Consul at Madras January 27, iqii. 

Oosterman, August - Dutch subject, born in Breda, Holland, 
April 25, 1888; clerk in the American Consulate at Kehl, 
1909-1912; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Reichen- 
berg August 6, 1912. 

Oppedal, Halldor O.—Norwegian subject, born October 17, 
i860; nevvs])aper editor; appointed Consular Agent at 
Trondhjem November 22, 1912. 

Orams, Thomas — Born in London December 24, 1857; has 
resided in Peru since 1884; telegrapher with West Coast 
Cable Co. since 1880; appointed Consular Agent at Mol- 
lendo July 17, 1912. 

O'Rear, John Davis- Born in Audrain County, Mo., March 
21, 1870; home, Mexico, Mo.; graduate of the Mexico high 
school, i8go; taught lichool and studied law three years; 
practiced law in Mexico, Mo., 1893-1913; has served as 
city counsel and prosecuting attorney of Audrain County; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to r^iilivia June j6, 1913. 

Osborn, Howard Baldwin Born in Passaic, N. J., June 14. 
1877; attended high school in New Jersey and the dental 
department of the University of Pennsylvania three years; 
dentist since 1903; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Rangoon August 10, rgii. 

Osborne, Frances Stark— Born in Pennsylvania; gradu- 
ated from Wilkes-Barre Female Institute; took library 
course in Washington Public Library, and employed as as- 
sistant children's librarian October, igo6, to December 15, 
1909; appointed in the Department of State in connection 
with foreign trade and treaty relations November 9, 1909; 
clerk at |i,ooo, temporarily, under Civil Service rules, 
August 24, 1912; permanently, under the provisions of 
Executive order of August 24, 1912, October 11, 1912. 

Osborne, John Ball -Born in Pennsylvania June 24, 1868; 
preparatory education at Hillman Academy in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa., and graduated from Yale University (A. B.), 
i88q; appointed Consul at Ghent November 29, 1889; re- 
tired December 23, 1893; admitted to bar of Philadelphia, 
1895, and practiced law in Philadelphia and Scranton, 189s- 
1897; appointed assistant secretary of the Reciprocity 
Commission October 18, 1897; Chief of the Bureau of 
Trade Relations in the Department of State May 17, 1905: 
designated a member of the Interdepartmental Statistical 
Committee by Executive order of September 10, 1908; 
designated Honorary Commissioner-General to the L^ni- 
versal and International Exposition, Brussels, 1910, and 
Honorary Commissioner to the American E.xposition, Ber- 
lin, 1910; designated a delegate to the International Con- 
gress of Chambers of Commerce and Commercial and 
Industrial Associations, London, rgio; appointed Consul 
at Havre August 22, i9r2. 

Osborne, John E. Born in Westport, N. V., June 19, 1864; 
received a high-school education and was then apprenticed 
to a diuggist in Vermont; is a graduate of the L'niversity 
of Vermont (M. D.); removed to Rawlins, Wyo., and 
was appointed assistant surgeon, Union Pacific Railroad; 
established a wholesale and retail drug house; engaged 
in raising live stock; was a member of the Wyoming 
Territorial Legislature one term; was mayor of Rawlins, 
1888; governor of Wyoming, 1893-1897, and declined a 
renomination for that office; member of the Fifty-fifth 
Congress, 1897-1899; vice chairman Democratic National 
Congressional Committee, i8g8; is a member of the Demo- 
cratic National Committee; appointed Assistant Secretary 
of State -April 21, 1913. 

O'Shaughnessy, Nelson -Born in New York City February 
12, 1876; educated by private tutors, at Georgetown Uni- 
versity, Washington, D. C, and at Oxford University, 
graduating in 1899 (A. B.); studied international law in 
London and languages in different countries of ICurope; 
appointed Secretary of the Legation at Copenhagen March 
17, 1904; Third Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin March 
17, 1905; Second .Secretary of the Embassy at Vienna April 



6, 1907; Second Secretary of tlie Embassy at Mexico City 
January 27, 1911; Secretary of the Embassy at Mexico 
City March i, 1913. 

Osterhout, Paul -Born in Belleville. Tex., November 27, 
1859; home, Belton, Bell County, Tex.; educated in the 
public schools of Texas, Baylor University, and graduate 
of Jefferson .Medical College, Philadelphia, 1887; tempo- 
rary acting assistant surgeon of the Public Health and 
Marine-Hospital Service, 1901-1908; police surgeon for 
Panama Government; appointed Consular .Agent at Bocas 
del Toro December 10, 1908. 

Otterman, Harvey Boyd -Born in .Allegheny, Pa., Septem- 
ber 17, 1889; educated in public schools of Allegheny, at 
Carnegie Institute of Technology, and shorthand schools; 
stenographer for Pittsburgh concerns nearly three years; 
appointed clerk in the Department of State, at $900 per 
annum, under Civil Service rules, December 6, 1912. 

Owen, Jacob M.— British subject, born in Nova Scotia, 
1847; lawyer; appointed Consular Agent at .Annapolis 
Royal April 8, 1872. 

Owen, William — Born in Washington, D. C, August 23, 
i8s2; educated in private schools; coffee planter; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Guatemala June 28, 
1904. 

Owen, William H. -British subject, born in Nova Scotia, 
1843; lawyer; appointed Consular Agent at Bridgewater 
.April 18, 1872. 

Paddock, Oordon--Born in New York City September 6 
1865; graduate of Princeton University, 1887, and Columbia 
University law school, 1889; practiced law in New York 
City; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Seoul .April 
24, igoi; also Vice and Deputy Consul-General May 9, 
1901; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General May 
23, 1902, to take effect July i, 1902; duties as Secretary of 
Legation ceased November 24, 1905; appointed Vice- 
Consul-General July 17, igo6; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Harbin May i, igog; Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at Mukden November i, igoj; Consul at Tabriz June 24, 
igio. 

Page, Lilla L. — Born in Fulton, Ky.; attended private 
school in Virginia; appointed clerk in the Bureau of the 
Census at $600 June 22. rgoo; at $720 September i, 1900; re- 
signed May 9, 1901; reinstated at $900 January 2, 1902; ap- 
pointed at $1,000 May i, 1904; transferred and appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $1,000 July 28, 1909; 
class one January 21, 1913. 

Page, Thomas Nelson— Born at Oakland Plantation, Han- 
over County, Va., April 23, 1853; attended Washington 
and Lee University three years; a graduate of University 
of Virginia, LL. B. (1874); Litt. D., Washington and Lee 
LTniversity (1887) and Vale ugoi); LL. D., Tulane (1889!, 
William and Mary College (1906), and Washington and 
Lee University (1907); practiced law in Richmond, Va., 
1875-1893; lecturer and author of many books and poems; 
member of American Academy of Arts and Letters; home, 
Washington, D. C; appointed Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Italy June 21, 1913. 

Page, Walter Hines -Born in Cary, N. C, August 15, 1855; 
residence. Garden City, Long Island, N. Y.; was educated 
at Randolph-Macon College, 1872-1876, and was a fellow 
at Johns Hopkins University, 1876-1878; editor of The 
Forum, 1890-1895; literary adviser to Houghton, MifHin & 
Co., 1895-1899; editor of The Atlantic Monthly. 1S96-1899; 
editor of The World's Work and a member of the publish- 
ing firm of Doubleday, Page & Co. since November, igor ; 
appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to tireat Britain April 21, 1913. 

Palma, Carlos Manuel— Citizen of Cuba, born in Kingston, 
Jamaica, May 3, 1873; interpreter and translator in the 
American Legation at (juatemala, 1905-1908; appointed 
clerk February 18, 1908. 

Palmer, Ely Eliot— Born in Providence, R. I., November 
29, 1SS7; attended the public schools of Providence ten 
years; Worcester Academy one year; graduated from 
Brown University (B. A.), 1908. George Washington Uni- 
versity (Master of Diplomacy), igio; did graduate work in 
the University of Paris, igo8-9; clerk in bank, 1904; assistant 
director summer playgrounds committee. Providence, 1906, 
and director, 1907-8; bookkeeper, igjg; appointed, after 
examination (June 27, 1910), Consular Assistant December 
20, 1910; assigned to duty in the .American Embassy at 
Mexico City May, 191 1; assigned to duty in the Depart- 
ment of State December 3, 1912; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Paris January 8, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



95 



Palmer-Samborne, Walter Pellew Stukeley Born in England 
December 24, 1862; was I5ritish Proconsul at Dieppe, 
i88q-i8g8; British Vice-Consul at Bordeaux, 1899-1904; aj)- 
pointed Consular Agent at Dieppe December 13, 1907. 

Pangburn, Harry Keep — Born in Ferry, Iowa, March 27, 
1879; graduate of high school and University of Chicago 
iM. DJ, 1901; interne in Marine-Hospital Service, 1901; at 
Fort Stanton Hospital, 1902; physician for various com- 
panies, 1902-1908; engaged in private practice in Acapulco 
since January, 1908; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Acapulco September i, iqo8. 

Parke, John S. — Born in Tennessee December 10, 1853: 
appointed a military cadet July 1, 1875; second lieutenant 
Twenty-tirst Infantry June 13, 1879; first lieutenant Octo- 
ber 21, 1886; captain April 26, 1898; major Twenty-second 
Infantry July 31, i9i>3; transferred to Fourteenth Infantry 
April 15, 1904; appointed lieutenant colonel March 3, 191 1: 
colonel April 4, 1913; assigned to duty as Military Attache 
at Brussels May 13, 1911. 

Parker, Charles Bailey— Born in West Rutland, Vt., Janu- 
ary?, 1885; graduate (A. B.) of Middlebury College; postal 
clerk in Vermont; clerk in marble works; teacher in Hoo- 
sick Falls, 1906-7; typewriter and accountant; appointed 
\'ice and Deputy Consul at Nogales March 6, 1909; Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Mazatlan June 21, 1909; appointed 
clerk in the American Embassy at Mexico City October 

12, 191 1. 

Parr, Luther J.— British subject, born in England January 

13, 1881; messenger and clerk in Sheffield Consulate since 
April 17, 1901; appointed Deputy Consul at Sheffield July 
31, 1902. 

Partridge, Samuel Steads— British subject, born in England 
June 22, 1839; solicitor; appointed Consular Agent at Lei 
cester June 1, 1891. 

Pashley, Joseph H. — Born in Utica, N. V., August 9, 1840; 
educated in public schools; retired from business; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Nanaimo March 26, 1906. 

Paterniti, Nicholas -Italian subject, born in Palermo, Italy, 
December 3, 1888; assistant clerk in the Consulate at Pa- 
lermo, 1905-1911; appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at 
Palermo June 6, ign. 

Patton, Kenneth Stuart— Born in Salem, Va., July 22, 1882; 
home, Charlottesville, Va.; graduate of University of Vir- 
ginia, A. B. (1904); one year at the Sorbonne, Paris; three 
years at Johns Hopkins University; appointed, after ex- 
amination (April 7, 1908), Consular Assistant June 24, 1908; 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Rome April 20, 1909; Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Ceiba February 15, 1912; Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul-General at Lisbon July 27, 1912. 

Payne, Arthur Coyle— Born in Menlo Park, N. J., May 21, 

1864; attended high and preparatory schools at Metuchen, 
N. J.; Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N. J,, four years 
(B. Sc); engaged in oil mining in Mexico; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Tuxpam May 16, 1912. 

Payne, Christopher H.— Born in Red Sulphur Springs, 
Va. (now West Virginia), September 7, 1848; educated 
at Richmond Institute, Virginia; entered the ministry; 
practiced law; was deputy collector of internal revenue, 
1889-1893. and internal-revenue agent, 1898-99; appointed, 
after examination (April 30, 1903), Consul at St. Thomas 
May I, 1903. 

Peabody, Frank Haxton— Born in Grafton. Ohio, March 11, 
1845; high-school education; appointed clerk to Reciprocity 
Commissioner October 20, 1897; clerk class one in the 
Department of State July 2, 1906. under the provisions of 
legislative act approved June 22, tgo6. 

Peake, Frederick T. — British subject, born in England 
April 3, 1855; representative at Suez of British shipping 
firm; appointed Consular Agent at Suez July 29, 1905. 

Peck, Willys Ruggles— Born in China, of American parents, 
October 24, 1882; graduate of the University of California, 
1906; was employed for two years as instructor by the gov- 
ernor of Chihli, China; appointed, after examination (Oc- 
tober I, 1906). Student Interpreter in China October 8, 
iQo'5; Assistant Chinese Secretary to the Legation at Peking 
November 9, 1908; Chinese Secretary to the Legation at 
Peking September n, 1913. 

Penfield, Frederic Courtland Born in Connecticut April 23, 
1855; home. New York City; graduate of Russell's Military 
School of New Haven and took special courses in Germany; 



A. M., Princeton, 1907; on editorial staff of Hartford Cou- 
rant five years; appointed Vice-Consul-Generalat London, 
1885; Diplomatic Agent and Consul-General at Cairo, 1893- 
1897; Fellow Royal Geographical Society, an officer of the 
l<"rench Academy, and has received many decorations; 
author of many articles on economic and international 
subjects; appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
))otentiary to Austria-Hungary July 28, 1913. 

Pennoyer, Richard Edmands — Born in Oakland, Cal., De- 
cember 25, 1885; home, Berkeley, Cal ; attended the public 
schools of California; studied in private schools and under 
a tutor in Europe; graduated from the University of Cali- 
fornia, 1910; private secretary to the ambassador at Paris, 
igii; appointed, after examination (December 4, 191 1), Sec- 
retary of the Legation to Paraguay and Uruguay P"ebru- 
ary i, 1912; Secretary of the Legation at Lima Aajgust 12, 
1913- 

Pentland, Andrew Watson— Born in Washington. D. C, 
September n, 1885; educated in public schools of Wash- 
ington, D. C; in law and newspaper offices in Washington 
for several years; appointed, after examination, a stenog- 
rapher in the navy-yard at Norfolk November 7, 1905; 
clerk of the $goo class. Department of State, December 
16, 1908; Deputy Consul-General (and clerk) at Hamburg 
February 25, 1909; clerk in the American Embassy at 
Vienna October 6, 1913. 

Perasa y Martin, Cesar— Spanish subject, born in TenerifTe 
August 18, 1891; appointed clerk in the American Consu- 
late at Teneriffe July 13, 1910; Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Tenerifife September 23, 1912. 

Perdue, De Witt W.— Born in Big Spring, Montgomery 
County, Va., January 9, 1870; educated in the public 
schools of Virginia and at the Virginia Normal and Col- 
legiate Institute at Petersburg; taught school in Virginia 
several years and later engaged in teaching and real-estate 
business in Huntington, W. Va.; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at St. Thomas July 7, 1911. 

Perinaux, Charles — Citizen of France, born in the Depart- 
ment of ,'Mlier, France, May 15, 1870; independent business 
man at Sierra Leone; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Sierra Leone September 16, 1913. 

Peristiany, John T.— Citizen of France, born in Cyprus 
June 17, 1870; engaged in commission business and agent 
for steamship company fourteen years; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Alexandretta July 16, igo8. 

Perkins, Mahlon Fay ^orn in North Adams, Mass., Npvem- 
ber 2^, 1882; attended public schools; graduate of Harvard 
University (A. B.), 1904; in advertising business, Boston, 
1905-6; tutor, 1906; teacher in California, 1906-1908; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July 7, igo8), Student Inter- 
preter in China January 14, 1909; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Chefoo May 25, 1911; also Interpreter July 25, 1911; 
Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at Shanghai May 
13, 1912. 

Permin, Axel -Danish subject, born in Copenhagen No- 
vember II, 1872; English, Danish, and German corre- 
spondent for business house in Copenhagen; appointed 
Deputy Consul-General at Copenhagen February i), 1907; 
resigned luly, igog; reappointed December 3. igog; ap- 
pointed Vice-Consul-General at Copenhagen, temporarily, 
September 30, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Copenhagen July 19, 1913. 

Perrone, Antony James - Born in New York City July 21, 
1892; attended the public schools of Ne\v York, i8g7-igo6; 
commercial high school, Brooklyn, 1906 -1909; took evening 
course at College of the City of New York, 1909-10; ste- 



(juiuLeu cicih. iu Liic /\uiciicaii A^egaiion at :5an oaivaaor 
April 13, 1912; also Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
San Salvador July 21, 1913. 

Perry, Charles Boswell— Born in Crete. Nebr., January 25, 
1884; graduate of Doane College (A. B.), igo6; draftsman 
on railway survey; clerk in Trebizond Consulate, 1907-8; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Halifax 
February 9. 1909; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Cal- 
cutta March 17, 1909; appointed, after examination (No- 
vember 10, 1908), Consul at Turin August 22, 1912. 

Peter, William-Citizen of Switzerland, born November 
21, 1879: clerk in office of mercantile firm; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Samsun September 19, 1906. 



96 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Peters, Thomas Willing— Born in Philadelpliia, Pa., No- 
vember 4, 185,; engaged in cattle raising in Wyoming; 
national-bant: director at Cheyenne; appointed Commer- 
cial Agent at Plauen December 9, i88g; Consul June 2g, 
1896; Consul-General at St. Gall March 18, 1903; Consul- 
General at Munich March 30, 1907; Consul at Kingston, 
Jamaica, September 18, 1913. 

Petit, Isaac T. — Danish subject, born in 1858; appointed 
Consular Agent at Monte Christi May 27, 1895. 

Philip, Hoffman — Born in Washington, D. C, July 13, 1872; 
educated at the Lavvrenceville School, by private tutors, at 
Magdalen College, Cambridge, and Columbian University 
law school, Washington; engaged in investigation work 
for the United States Fish Commission, 1897; member of 
Troop A, First Volunteer Cavalry, in Spanish-American 
War, 1898; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Tangier 
November 6, 1901; Vice and Deputy Consul-General No- 
vember 18, 1902; Consul-Cieneral March 8, 1905; Secretary 
of Legation and Consul-General January 11, 1906; member 
of the Mi.xed Claims Commission at Casa Blanca, 1908; 
Minister Resident and Consul-General to Abyssinia July 
20, 1908; Secretary of the Embassy at Rio de Janeiro De- 
cember 21, 1909; Secretary of the Embassy at Constanti- 
nople June 24, 1910; Chief of the Division of Near Eastern 
Affairs, Department of State, February 10, 191^; reap- 
pointed Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople 
August 22, 1912. 

Phillips, Albert Stanley Born in Port Chester, N Y., May 
24, 1880; educated in United States and Wales; clerk arid 
electrician: appointed Vice and "Deputy Consul at Cardiff 
December 28, 1905. 

Phillips, Ernest Lincoln— Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., De- 
cember 14, 1877; educated in Chicago public schools and 
Cardiff University; electrician in Chicago two years and 
in Cardiff one and a half years; appointed V'ice and Dep- 
uty Consul at Cardiff May 3, 1899; Consular Agent at 
Chau.\-de-Fonds November 10, 1905; Consular Agent at 
St. Helens April 9, 1908. 

Piatt, Arthur Donn— Born in Georgetown, D. C, April 24, 
1867; home, North Bend, Ohio; educated in private and 
public schools of the United States and in college in Ire- 
land; clerk in Cork Consulate, 1886-1893; appointed Dep- 
uty Consul at Cork April 23, 18)2; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Dublin May 6, 1893. 

Piatt, Frederick Paul — Born in North Bend, Ohio, March 
20, 1869; educated in the United States and Ireland; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Edinburgh July 5, 1894. 

Pickerell, George Henry— Born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1858; 
public-school education; engaged in railroading, iron 
manufacturing, and as a commercial traveler; was secre- 
tary of the Crystal Ice & Storage Co. of Youngstown, Ohio; 
appointed, after examination (September 15. 1898), Consul 
at St. Michael's September 16, 1S98; Consul at Para May 
29, 1906. 

Pierce, William — British subject, born in England March 
2, 1863; employed as messenger and clerk in Liverpool 
Consulate since February 23, 1876; appointed Deputy Con- 
sul at Liverpool April 28, 1894. 

Pike, William J.— Born in Scranton, Pa., in 18&4; home, 
Hallstead, Pa.; educated in the Oneonta (N. Y.) high 
school and the Delaware Literary Institute and studied 
law two years; employed for four years as clerk in the law 
division of the Eleventh Census; was clerk of the Commit- 
tee on Education, House of Representatives, for nine 
years; newspaper editor four years; appointed, after ex- 
amination (April I, 1903), Consul at Zittau April 29, 1903; 
detailed as Vice-Consul at Reichenberg July 4, 1906; in 
charge July 4 to December i, 1905; appointed Consul at 
Kehl March 30, 1907; Consul at Reichenberg June 24, 1910. 

Pinkett, Archibald S.— Born in Luray, Va., October 8, 1878; 
educated at the Howard University (Washington, D. C.) 
commercial department (1902) and law department (1906); 
appointed clerk in the Department of State at |goo, under 
Executive order, .'Xpril 16, igog; class one January 3, igio. 

Pitel, Alfred — French citizen, born January 15, 1878; 
broker; appointed Consular Agent at Brest April 25,1910. 

Piatt, Roger B. -Born in Bath, N. Y., April to, 1884; gradu- 
ated from Haverling high school, 1901; attended the 
Elmira School of Commerce; graduated from Cornell Uni- 
versity, 1908; employed as clerk in bank at Hammondsport, 
N. Y., 1905-5; stenographer; appointed clerk in the De- 
partment of State at $900 per annum, on probation, Janu- 
ary 5, igio; permanently at same salary July 9, igio; at 
$r,ooo April I, 1911; class one August 22, 1912. 



Plummer, Willis Jordan — Born in Portsmouth, Va., June 
ji, 1SS9; educated at the Norfolk (Va.) Academy, Univer- 
sity of Virginia, and George Washington University; took 
course in Spanish language and literature at the Univer- 
sity of Madrid; employed as census enumerator in the 
District of Columbia, 1910; appointed clerk in the Ameri- 
can Legation at Madrid July i, 1912. 

Pollock, John R.— Born in Presidio Barracks, Cal., May 22, 
1865; educated in public schools and Pacific University two 
years; in mining business, 1896-1898; in wholesale business 
since 1899; appointed Consular Agent at Fernie March 26, 
1901; Vice-Consul at Fernie August 5, 190S. 

Ponte, Joseph E.— Born in Caracas. Venezuela, April 5, 1883; 
educated in the public schools of New York; employed in 
various capacities by a firm of importers and exporters in 
New York eleven years; appointed clerk in the American 
Legation at La Paz June i, 1909. 

Pontius, Albert William -Born in St. Paul, Minn.. August 
29, 1878; home, St. Paul; business-college and high-school 
education; was employed as drug clerk; appointed, after 
examination (February 12, 1903), Student Interpreter in 
China March g, 1903; also Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at Tientsin November 14, 1905; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Newchwang December 29, 1906; also 
Interpreter May i, 1907; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul-Genera.l and also Interpreter at Hankow February 
21, 1908; transferred to the Department of State as assistant 
to the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs Octo- 
ber 16, 1908; appointed Consul at Swatow January 22, igog; 
Consul at Chunking January 10, iqio; detailed as Vice- 
Consul in Charge at Nanking January i to May 26, igio; 
detailed for special duty at Hankow May 31, 1910; appointed* 
Consul at Dalny'August 19, iqii. 

Poole, jr., De Witt Clinton -Born in Fort Vancouver, Wash., 
October 28, 1885; attended the public schools of Washing- 
ton, D. C, seven years; Madison, Wis., high school four 
years; Institute Rachez. Brussels, Belgium, five months; 
degree of A. B. from the LTniversity of Wisconsin; news- 
paper reporter, 1906-1908; editor and manager of East 
Moline (111.) Herald, 1908-igio; appointed, after e.xami- 
nation (June 27, igic). Consular Assistant December 20, 
igio; Deputy Consul-General at Berlin October 7, igii; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General March 11, 1912. 

Postlethwaite, Basil Bertram— Born in Otvvell, Ind., August 
22, 1882; attended the public and high schools of Otwell 
and the Indiana State Normal School, Terra Haute, three 
years; taught in the public schools of Pike County, Ind., 
igo3-igos and i9o7-i9og; clerk in the Census Bureau, De- 
partment of Commerce and Labor, igio-igi2; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $^00, on probation, 
under Civil Service rules, August 27, igi2. 

Potenberg.Wilhelm — Born in Germany September 26, 1863; 
retired businessman; appointed Consular Agent at Swine- 
miinde March 16, 1907. 

Potter, William Hubley— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Febru- 
ary 23, 1864; educated at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H.; 
engaged in ranchingin Texas, 1885-1895; employed as book- 
keeper and correspondent, r8g6-igo2; employed by broker- 
age company, 1902-3; appointed Consular Agent at St. 
George, Bermuda, December 20, igog. 

Powell, Benjamin N. British subject, born in England, 
1S5S; manager of an American manufacturing concern; 
appointed Consular Agent at Soerabaya October 29, 1897. 

Powers, Edward Allen Born in New Haven, Conn., Octo- 
ber 17, 1849; educated at the Stratford (Conn.) Academy; 
mine manager and engineer in Mexico; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Chihuahua July 24, 1912. 

Pressly, Charles Payson — Born in Abbeville County, S. C, 
July 14, i860; attended the public schools of South Caro- 
lina and graduated from Erskine College, Due West, S. C. 
(A. B.l, 1880; taught school one year; studied law and was 
admitted to the bar of South Carolina, 1S82; practiced law 
in Augusta, Ga., twenty years; appointed Vice-Consul at 
Grenoble April 4, 1894; \'ice and Deputy Consul at Mar- 
seille November 27, 1894; Deputy Consul at Bordeau.x 
February 9, 1899, but did not go to post; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Paris September 19, 1913. 

Pressly, Neill Erskine -Born in Moffattsville, S. C, Sep- 
tember II, 1850; graduate of Erskine College (A. B.) and 
of Erskine Theological Seminary (B. D.); superintendent 
of missions in Mexico since 1S79; appointed Vice-Consul 
at Tampico Februarys, 1882; retired August 13, igo?; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul January 28, igog. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



97 



Price, William Jennings— Born in Lancaster, Ky., Decxm- 
ber 15, 1S73; home, Danville, Ky.; {graduate of Centre Col- 
lege, A. B.(i892K A. M. (iSqsK LL. B. (1895); member oI" the 
bar. United States Supreme Court; prosecuting- attorney 
of Boyle County, Ky., lyor-igoq; member of law faculty of 
Central llniversity for seven years; appointed Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Panama 
August 20, iqij. 

Prickitt, William A.-Born in Monmouth County, N. J,, 
March 20, 1839; educated at public school; served in the 
Civil War; in insurance and banking business, 1872-1876, 
and member of New V'ork stock exchange; later engaged 
in dairy farming and packing canned goods; appointed, 
after examination (October 10, 1807), Consul at Rheims 
October 12, 1S97; Consul-General at Auckland November 
6, 1Q05. 

Prince, John Hamilton— Born in Polk County, N. C, Octo- 
ber g, 1S87; attended the public schools of Landrum, S. C, 
and graduated from Spartanburg Business College; ste- 
nographer in an attorney's office in Spartanburg, 1906-7; 
office of Southern Railway Co. in Washington, 1907-8; 
office Isthmian Canal Commission, 1908-1911; transferred 
to the Department of State as clerk at $900 April 26, 1911; 
class one October 6, 1911, to take effect October 16, 1911; 
class two April i, 1913. 

Prosser, George Henry— British subject, born in Australia 
April 25, 1867; director in a tobacco company and in a 
phosphate company; appointed Consular Agent at Ade- 
laide August 10, 1907. 

Pugh, Charles M.— Born September 21, 1878; appointed 
assistant messenger. Department of State, July 2, 1906; 
messenger July 13, 1909. 

Puig, Emilio J.— Born in Brownsville. Tex., September 17, 
1873; educated at St. Mary's University, Galveston, Tex., 
and St. Edward's College, Austin. Tex.; employed by 
railroad company several years; engaged in various enter- 
prises in Mexico; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Matamoros April 29, 19 12. 

Putney, Albert H.— Born in Boston, Mass., September 28, 
1872; graduated from Yale University (A. B.), 1893; Boston 
University (LL. B. ), 1895; admitted to the bar of Massa- 
chusetts and practiced law in Boston, 1895-1898; admitted 
to the bar of Illinois and practiced law in Chicago, 1899- 
1913; admitted to the bar and employed one year in the 
law department of the Philippine Islands; professor of 
constitutional and international law at the Illinois College 
of Law, 1900-1903; dean of the Illinois College of Law, 
1904-1912; dean of the Webster College of Law, Chicago, 
1912-13; author of various law works, magazine articles, 
etc.; appointed Chief of the Division of Near Eastern 
Aflairs in the Department of State September 12, 1913, 
to take effect September 20, 1913. 

Quadflieg, Henry — German subject, born in Aix la Cha- 

pelle March 21, 1884; clerk in the American Consulate at 
Aix la Chapelle since December, 1902; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Aix la Chapelle October 17, 1912. 

Quann, William Patrick— Born in Ireland March 17, 1S67; 
naturalized in Chicago, 1897; educated in Ireland; law 
clerk two years; clerk department of public worl<s, .St. 
Paul, three years; appointed Consular Agent at Aber- 
deen August i8, 1906. 

Quarton, Harold Barlow— Born in .Algona, Iowa, February 

8, 1888; home. Algona; graduated from Grinnell (Iowa) 
College (Ph. B. I, 1908; took three months' graduate work 
in the L^niversity of Colorado; graduated from George 
Washington University (M. Dip.), 1912; employed in mail 
department of a national bank in Des Moines, Iowa, 
1908; principal of the high school at Victor, Iowa, 1909; 
principal of the high school at Aspen, Iowa, 1910-11; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 31, 1912), Consular 
Assistant March 12, 1912; Deputy Consul-General at Berlin 
May 27, 1912. 

Quigley, Stephen H.— Born in Rockville, Md.. September 19, 
i877- attended private and public schools; graduated from 
the 'Baltimore City College in 1897; studied under private 
tutors; attended business colleges in Baltimore and Wash- 
ington; employed as clerk in 1898; with surveying party on 
Washington-Rockvilleturnpikein i899;stenographerin the 
Montgomery County court (sixth Maryland judicial district) 
at various times, 1900-1901; employed in stenographic bu- 
reau; appointed in the engineer department of the District 
of Columbia municipal government in 1901; served in the 
surface division, surveyor's office, and otlice of the periuit 
clerk; appointed assistant permit clerk in October, 1902, 



but declined; clerk in the Department of State at $900, on 
probation, under Civil Service rules, October 23, 1902; per- 
manently at same salary April 23, 1903; at $1,000 July i, 
1903; class two June 15, 1904; class three May 24, 1905, to 
take effect July i, 1905; acting Chief of the Bureau of Ap- 
pointments from .August 27 to December 2, 1908; detailed 
to represent the Department of State on the Committee on 
Gradesand Salaries in the Executive Departments Novem- 
ber, 1908; ap[)ointed clerk class four November 2, 1908; 
class two June 23, 1909, to take effect Tuly i, 1909. 

Radau, Rustan Erich Albert Russian subject, born in St. 
Petersburg June 18, 18S4; in business in Reval; appointed 
Consular Agent at Reval July y, 1912. 

Rairden, Bradstreet S.— Born in New Orleans, La.. No- 
vember 7, 1S58; educated at the Bath (Me.) public schools 
and in England; connected with the New York Life 
Insurance Co. as resident secretary at Batavia, Java; 
appointed Consul at Batavia August 18, 1892; retired Sep- 
tember 1, i8;)7; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul October 
S, 189S; reappointed Consul October 10, 1900. 

Rairden, Frank Bradstreet— Born in Java of American par- 
ents May 4, 1S88; home, Brooklyn, N. Y.; attended school 
in England two years, Dutch school and academy at Bata- 
via ten years; agent for life-insurance company at Batavia; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Batavia June 12, 
1909; appointed, after examination (January 30, 1911), 
Student Interpreter in Turkey March 10, 1911; detailed for 
duty in the Consulate-General at Cairo December 24, 1912. 

Rairden, Percy Wallace— Born in Anjer, Java, of American 
parents November 14, 18S9; attended school in England 
two years and the Dutch school and academy at Batavia 
eleven years; life-insurance agent one year; employed by 
sewing-machine company in Batavia since May. igio; 
clerk in the Consulate at Batavia, 1909-1911; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Batavia August 10, 1911. 

Randolph, Gilbert F.— Born in Cumberland County, N. J., 
June 16, 1864; educated in public schools of Washington, 
D. C; appointed laborer in the Department of State June 
15,1884; packer September 1, 1887; clerk at$9oo, under Civil 
Service rules, February 23, 1897; class one July i, 1902. 

Rasmusen, Bertll Mathias— Born in Roland, Iowa, Novem- 
ber 20, 1S62; educated in public schools and the Eastern 
Iowa Normal School; banker; employed in the Railway 
Mail Service. iSSg-iSjg; military postal service in Cuba in 
1899; Philippine postal service in 1900; appointed Consular 
Agent at Stavanger August 2.(, 1903; Consul June 22, 1905; 
Consul at Bergen January 12, 1910. 

Ravndal, Gabriel Bie — Born in Norway June 27, 1865; natu- 
ralized; home, Sioux Falls, S. Dak.; graduate (B. A. and 
M. A.) of the Royal University of Norway; studied at the 
University of Minnesota; engaged in newspaper work; 
member of House of Representatives of South Dakota; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 15, i8g8). Consul at 
Beirut January 22, i8g8; Consul at Dawson City June 5, 
1905; Consul-General at Beirut June 22, 1906; Consul-Gen- 
eral at Constantinople December 19, 1910; delegate on the 
part of the L'nited States to the Fifth International Con- 
gress of Chambers of Commerce, Boston, September 24 to 
28, 1912. 

Ray, John Arthur— Born in Orangeville, Tex., July 14. 
1879; graduate of Baylor University, A. B. (1898); Yale 
Unive'rsity, B. A. (18991, M. A. ^19.3); Docteur de I'Uni- 
versite de Paris, 1906; corporal. First Texas Cavalry, in 
1898; instructor in Baylor L'niversity, 1901-1903; in Wil- 
liams College, 1905-6; in the United States Naval Academy, 
igod-igog; appointed, after examination (July 7, 1908), 
Consul at Maskat May 31, 1909; Consul at Maracaibo 
August 19, igii. 

Reaf, Samuel C— Born in Tuscola, 111., June 14, 1868; 
home, Tuscola; attended the University of Illinois; gradu- 
ate of Northwestern University (LL. B.) and of Colum- 
bian L'^niversity (B. S.); employed in the 1900 census; be- 
came city attorney of Tuscola, 111., in 1893; reelected in 
1895; owner and business manager of the Tuscola Journal; 
State examiner of corporations in Illinois, 1908; appointed, 
after examination (April 7, 1908), Consul at Port Louis 
June 22, igoS; Consul at Tansui May 31, 1909; Consul at 
Calgary September 18, 1913. 

Reed, Daniel L. — Born Februarys, 1877; appointed laborer 
in the [bureau of Navigation, Navy Department, at $660 
per annum April 25, 1906; transferred and appointed as- 
sistant messenger in the Department of State at $720 Au- 
gust II, 1909, 



S 1 1 70- 



98 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Reed, Edward— Born in Garrote, Cal., June6, 1857; gradu- 
ate of University of California, 1879; planter; appointed 
Consular Agent at Livingston April 6, igoi. 

Reed, John Hamilton— Born in Baton Rouge, La., March 4, 
1862; graduate, A B. and A. M., of New Orleans L'niver- 
sity; teacher at Wiley University, 1895-1899; president 
Co.llege of West Africa since January, 1907; appointed 
V'ice-Consul-(ieneral at Monrovia June 15, 19.^8. 

Reeder, Charles Augustus— Born March 4, 1874; appointed 
assistant messenger in the Department of State February 
10, 1910. 

Rees, William Daniel— British subject, born in Wales March 
4, 1876; clerk in Swansea Consulate since i8q7; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Commercial Agent at Swansea January 
23, 1897; Vice and Deputy Consul October ^9, 1S97. 

Reeves, James Whildin— Born in Summit Hill, Pa., Sep- 
tember 23, 1883; attended the public schools of Lansford, 
Pa., and graduated from Banks Business College, Pal- 
mers Business College, and Central High School of Phila- 
delphia; employed in various clerical capacities, 1902-1406; 
stenographer and typewriter and chief clerk. Isthmian 
Canal Commission, si.xteen months; secretary to the 
American Minister to Colombia one year; stenographer 
for railway company in Brazil si.\ months; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Santos January 21, iqio. 

Reigner, Harry Gottshall— Born in Pottstown, Pa., Decem- 
ber 6, 1891; griiduateof Pottstown Business College and 
Strayer's Business College of Philadelphia; employed as 
salesman in Pottstown and asstenographerin Philadelphia; 
appointed clerk in the Department of State, on probation, 
at $900 per annum June 28, 191 1; permanently at same 
salary January 10, 1912. 

Reinecke, Adolph F.— Born in New York City April i, 1866; 
grammar-school education; engaged in various enterprises, 
i89i-i8,j8; bookkeeper, 1899-1901; traveling salesman, 1901-2; 
general agent for harvester company since 1902; appointed 
Consular Agent at Omsk June s, 1908. 

Reinsch, Paul Samuel— Born in Milwaukee, Wis., June 10, 
1869; home, Madison, Wis,; graduate, University of Wis- 
consin, A. B. (1892I, LL. B. (18941, Ph. D. (i898>; studied at 
University of Berlin and at Rome and Paris; assistant pro- 
fessor political science, 1899-1901, and professor, 1901-1913, 
University of Wisconsin; Roosevelt professor universities 
of Berlin and Leipzig, 1911-12; delegate of United States, 
Third Pan-American Conference, Rio de Janeiro, 1906, 
and Fourth Conference, Buenos Aires, 1910; delegate First 
Pan-American Scientific Congress, Santiago, 1909; member 
Pan-American Commission of L^nited States; author of 
World Politics at the End of the Nineteenth Century 
as Influenced by the Oriental Situation, Intellectual 
Currents in the Far East, and many other books, and a 
contributor to reviews and historical and economic journals; 
appointed Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to China August 15, 1913. 

Reitenbach, Rene Camille— Born in Somerville Mass., 
February 10, 188*;; educated in Germany and France; 
graduate of the Ecole de Commerce, Boulogne-sur-mer; 
in charge of the manufacturing department of an oil 
company at Franklin, Pa., and Rouen, France, seven 
years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Rouen 
November 29, igii. 

Remillard, Horace— Born in Roxbury, Mass., August 5, 
1885; graduate of Harvard University (A. B.), 1909; edited 
high-school paper two years; Harvard University guide in 
summer vacations; translated for publication " Le Nou- 
veau Cyn^e;" appointed, after examination (May 5, 1909), 
Student Interpreter in China June 2, iqcii; Deputy Consul- 
General at Hankow January 10, 1912; also Interpreter Oc- 
tober 15, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Hankow 
July 21, 1913. 

Renlck, Annie Shepperd— Born in Warrenton, Va.; edu- 
cated in private schools in Warrenton and .Staunton, Va.; 
appointed clerk in the Department of State at $1,000 Sep- 
tember 17, 1913, under the provisions of the P2xecutive 
order of September 17, 1913. 

Renouf, E. B.— British subject, horn in Jersey, 1864; solic- 
itor; appointed Consular Agent at Jersey December i, 
1892. 

Renton, Thomas Leavens -Born in England March 2, 1844; 
wool merchant; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Bradford October 23, 1883. « 



Rerrie, Anthony Bayly Dougall— British subject, born in 
Jamaica April 7, 1864; merchant; appointed Consular 
Agent at St. Ann's Bay October 22, 1902. 

Riblet, Walter Sutherland— Born in Okee, Wis., July 25, 
1864; educated in public schools and Cedar Valley Semi- 
nary; accountant and in independent business; city treas- 
urer, Columbia, S. Dak., two years; city clerk. Mount Ver- 
non, Wash., one year; appointed Consular Agent at Nelson 
.•Kugust 19, 1902. 

Rich, Warren Walter— Born in Hamilton, N. Y., Septem- 
ber 18, 1863: graduate of Colgate University (A. B. ), 1884; 
member of New York bar; clerk in Treasury Department, 
i89o-i89'3; pay clerk on U. S. S. Columbia^ 1896; clerk in 
Treasury Department, 1897-1907; appointed Consular 
Agent at Salina Cruz July 12, 1907; Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul June 16, 1908; resigned June 30, 1912; reappointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Salina Cruz November 20, 1912. 

Richards, Ernest A.— Born in St. Vincent in 1846; mer- 
chant; appointed Consular Agent at St. Vincent February 

26, 1897. 

Richardson, Elliott Verne— Born in Newbury port, Mass., 
March 4, 1868; attended the New Jersey State Model School 
eight years; graduated from Princetcm University in 1888; 
took six months' post-graduate course at Johns Hopkins 
University; chief master-at-arms, U. S. S. Bai/ger, April 
27-Oct. 27, i8q8; salesman, 188S-1854; private secretary, 
1896-97; newspaper correspondent and journalist; clerk in 
Consulate at Sydney, New South Wales, since June i, 1909; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General March 25, 
1910 

Ringuet, jr., Michel — British subject, born in Quebec May 
22, 1876; merchant; appointed Vice and Deputy Commer- 
cial ,\gent at Rimouski December jo, igoj; Vice and 
Deputy Consul June 30, 1906. 

Rix, John Joseph Helsdon— British subject, born in Eng- 
land October 2, 1857; by profession teacher of English 
language and literature; appointed clerk in the American 
Legation at The Hague July i, 1890. 

Robb, N. Lyie — Born in Galva, Kans., May 11, 1881; at- 
tended the public schools of Kansas and Texas, the New 
England College of Music, Boston, one and one-half years, 
and the University of Florence, Italy, six months; took 
private lessons in music and languages in Leipzig and 
Paris; clerk in the Consulateat Milan, 1909-1911; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Catania February 28, 191 1; 
Deputy Consul at Milan November 3, 1913. 

Robbins, Guy B. — Born in Dublin, Ind., August 12, 1888; 
home, Omaha, Nebr.; public-school education; in real- 
estate office in Omaha; appointed clerk in the American 
Legation at Monrovia August 23, 1913. • 

Robbins, Warren Delano— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Sep- 
tember 3, 1885; attended Groton School and graduated 
from Harvard ITniversity (B. A.), 1908; served as private 
secretary to the Ministers to Portugal and Argentine Re- 
public, 1909-10; home. Fair Haven, Mass.; appointed, after 
examination (January 16, igii). Third Secretary of the 
Embassy at Paris March 2, 1911. 

Roberts, Richard David — British subject, born in Wales 
August 30, 1848; appointed Consular Agent at Holyhead, 
Wales, August 11, 1909. 

Robertson, Treadwell Ayres— Born in St. Louis, Mo., Janu- 
ary 10, 1876; educated in public and private schools, St. 
Louis Military Academy, and Rensselaer Polytechnic In- 
stitute; manager and secretary of various companies; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul-General at Monterey August 4, 
1903; Vice and Deputy Consul-General November 25, 1903; 
retired September, 1904; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul-Genera! February 8, 1905. 

Robertson, William Henry — Born in Botetourt County, Va., 
June 26, 1863: home, Richmond, Va.; education obtained 
by private tuition, at private schools, and at the University 
of Virginia; engaged in business in Washington. D. C, 
1884-85; entered financial business in New York and Wash- 
ington in iqoi; appointed Commercial Agent at Moncton 
October 28. 1885; Commercial Agent at Yarmouth February 
15, 18S6; Commercial Agent at Port Hope January 31, 1888; 
Consul at St. Gall January 12, i8?9; retired May 5, 1891; 
appointed Consul at Hamburg June 8, 1893; retired 1897; 
appointed Consular Agent at Arnprior December 5, 1900; 
retired March, 1901; appointed, after examination (July g, 
1907), Consul at Goteborg August 15, 1907; Consul-Gen- 
eral at Tangier January 13, 1909; Consul-General at Callao 
May 2, 1910; Consul at Manchester June 5, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMKNT, 



99 



Rockwood, Frederick Leslie--Born in Augusta, Me., Sep- 
tember 2q, i8^g; educated in the public scliools of Maine, 
Dirigio Business College, Augusta, Me., and the New 
York Nautical School; received instruction on State of 
Maine sailing ships four years, qualifying as. master; 
lieutenant in the United States Revenue-Cutter Service, 
1S73-1834; emiiloyed by the Standard Chemical Co. of 
Cleveland, Ohio, and New York several years: made a 
trip of investigation to Central America, i8gi-g2; settled 
in Bogotii, 1894; niade a trip of investigation to the com- 
mercial centers of South America, iSgg-iqoi; engaged in 
various enterprises on his own account at various times; 
appointed V'ice-Consul-General at Bogotil February 2, 
igo6; resigned March, igo7; employed as foreman store- 
keeper at La Boca by the Isthmian Canal Commission, 
igoS-g; clerk in the Consulate-General at Bogotd, igog--io; 
appointed clerk in the American Legation at Bogota 
September 15. igio. 

Rodgers, James Lyon — Born in Columbus, Ohio, Septem- 
ber lo, iS6[; educated in public and private schools and 
Ohio State University; engaged in newspaper work and 
manufacturing; was a member of various Ohio State com- 
missions and secretary to the governor of Ohio; appointed 
Consul-General at Shanghai March 8, igo5; Consul-Gen- 
eral at Habana April 15, 1907. 

Rogers, Edward Lloyd — British subject, born in England 
January g, 1866; banker; appointed Consular Agent at 
Karachi January 8, igoi; Vice and Deputy Consul June ag, 

igo8. 

Romeo, Francis L. — Born in Turkey February i, 1865; 
member of firm of estate agents, insurance and shipping 
agents, and chartered accountants; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Alexandria February 16, igog. 

Romeyn, Nina Genevieve— Born in Fort Scott, Kans.; edu- 
cation received from private teachers, in private and pub- 
lic schools, the Classical School for Girls at Indianapolis, 
and at George Washington L^niversity; employed as clerk 
in the business office of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution; Spanish copyist in the Spanish Treaty Claims 
Commission; appointed clerk in the Department of State 
at $900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, Novem- 
ber 25, 1903; permanently at same salary May 25, 1904; at 
$1,000 June 6, 1906: class one March 4, 1907. 

Ronto, Jolin J. — Born in Fett'ny, Hungary, June 10, 1884; 
became an American citizen through the naturalization of 
his father in i8g-; attended the schools at Fetsrny si.x years 
and the parochial school, Ithaca, N. V., seven years; em- 
ployed in a drug store in New York City, 1902-1905; in 
ticket broker's office, 1905-1909; with life-insurance com- 
pany, igog-io; clerk in the Consulate-General at Budapest 
since July i, 1911; appointed Deputy Consul-General at 
Budapest August 4, 1913. 

Roosa, Isaac Percival— Born January 28, 1854; attended 
Monticello Academy and graduated from Cornell Univer- 
sity, 1874; in foreign freight department, Pennsylvania 
Railroad, New York, for several years; appointed Deputy 
United States Despatch Agent at New York February, 
1886; Despatch Agent October 31, i8go. 

Rose, Fred Manderson — Born in Kansas City, Mo., July 4, 
1889; educated in the public schools and a business college; 
employed as stenographer in railroad office at Great 
Falls. Mont., 1908-1911; in lawyer's office at Colusa, Cal., 
1911-12; clerk in the L^nited States land office, Havre, 
Mont., 1913; appointed clerk in the Department of State 
at I900, under Civil Service rules, September 8, 1913. 

Rose, Robert Forrest— Born in Darlington, Wis,, June 4, 
1868; educated in high school of Darlington and under 
private instructors, and studied law in Darlington, Mil- 
waukee, and Chicago: reporter and writer on Milwaukee 
.Sentinel, Chicago Tribune, and for Associated Press; trav- 
eled with William Jennings Bryan in iSg^i as Associated 
Press representative and was his private secretary in cam- 
paigns of igoo and igo8; court reporter in Chicago, i88g- 
ig^g; founder and editor of The Shorthand Writer, a 
monthly magazine, and author of Success Shorthand Sys- 
tem; appointed clerk to the Secretary of State May 8, 1913; 
Foreign Trade Adviser June 5, igij. 

Rosenkilde, Biirre — Norwegian subject, born in Christian- 
sand, Norway, June 26, i85g; has been engaged in the 
commission and insurance business since 1889; appointed 
Consular .Agent at Christiansand March 5, igio. 



Rotli, Arthur Curtis— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 28, 
1882; educated in the public schools and at a business col- 
lege in Philadelphia; accountant; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Plauen June 20, igi2. 

Rowlings, George A. R. — British subject, born in Canada 
June 26, 1868; lawyer; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Sydney, Nova Scotia, May 2, 1910. 

Ruddock, Albert Billings— Born in Chicago, 111., January 
13, i886; home, Chicago; attended Hopkin's Grammar 
School. New Haven. Conn., one year; Vale College four 
years (^B. A.), 1907; Columbia University one year I'M. A.), 
1910; Ecole des Sciences Politiques, Paris, one year; ap- 
pointed, after e.xamination (December 4, jgii). Third 
Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin February i, 1912. 

Rudolf, Daniel J. — British subject, born in Nova Scotia 
July II, 1846; dry-goods merchant; appointed Consular 
Agent at Lunenburg June 13, igoy. 

Russ, Edward Bartlett— Born in Louisiana, Mo., February 
10, 1868; educated in public schools of Harrisburg, Pa.; ap- 
pointed copyist at Igoo in the Pension Office October 28, 
1890; clerk at $1,000 January i, 1897; class one July i, 
1897; transferred to the Department of State as clerk 
class one July 20, rgor; appointed clerk class two Febru- 
ary 13, igo4; class three December 31, 1910, to be effective 
January i, 1911. 

Russell, Cbarles Wells— Born in Wheeling, W. Va., May 16, 

1856; educated at Georgetown University and graduated 
in its law department; entered Department of Justice, 
1886; legal adviser Dockery Joint Congressional Commis- 
sion, 1893-1S95; special assistant attorney-general in charge 
insular and territorial affairs, igo2-igo5; Assistant Attor- 
ney-General, 1905-1909; investigated and reported on star- 
vation and military situation in Cuba, December, 18Q7, to 
January, i8gS; legal adviser Porto Rico Evacuation Com- 
mission, i8g8; investigated Panama Canal title in Paris, 
igoi; effected transfer Panama Canal title and property, 
in Pans, May, 1904; legal adviser in Panama to United 
States Government of Canal Zone; investigated peonage 
slavery in Southern States, October, igo6; home, Wash- 
ington, D. C; appointed Envoy E.xtraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Persia December 21, igog. 

Ryan, Mark J.— Born in Sag Harbor, N. Y., May 27, 1894; 
attended the (jlen Cove (N. Y.) grammar school, igoi-igog, 
and the Glen Cove high school, igog-igii; took course in 
interior wiring with the International Correspondence 
School of Scranton, Pa.; employed as telegraph operator 
by the Long Island Railroad Co., igi 1-1913; appointed clerk 
in the Department of State at $900, under Civil Service 
rules, October 31, igi3. 

Ryder, Frederick irt. — Born in Iberville, Canada, Novem- 
ber 3, 1852; educated in Canadian graded schools; news- 
paperpublisher; appointed Consul at Quebec February 12, 
i8go; retired November, i8g3; appointed Consul at San 
Juan del Norte March 8, igo5; Consul at Rimouski June lo, 



Ryerson, James — Born in Canada October g, 1846; father 
naturalized in Chautauqua County, N. Y., during his mi- 
nority; educated in Canada and at Allegheny College, 
Meadville, Pa.; enlisted in Company E, Thirteenth Ohio 
Cavalry, February, 1S64, and served until February, 1865; 
carpenter; appointed Consular Agent at Gait February 
23. 1899. 

Sackett, Martin Russell— Born in Plymouth, N. Y., April 
28, 1855; attended the public schools and the State Normal 
School of New York; graduated from the Cazenovia 
(N. Y.) Seminary(i876)and from Syracuse LTniversity (1880); 
principal of Gouverneur Wesleyan Seminary at Gouver- 
neur. N. Y., seven years; secretary and treasurer of the 
Gouverpeur Publisfiing Co. si.xteen years; for two terms 
treasurer of St. Lawrence County, N. Y.; appointed, 
after examination (May 28, 1903), Consul at Prescott June 
5, 1903. 

Salmon, David Alden — Born in Westport, Conn., January 
30, 1879; attended high school and business college; em- 
ployed in clerical capacity; appointed clerk at Igoo in the 
War Department May 4', 1898: at $1,000 March 15, 1899; 
classone July I, igoo; class two April 21,1902; class three 
February i, 1904; transferred to the Department of State 
as clerk class two July 7, 1906; appointed clerk class four 
March 4, 1907. 



lOO 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Sammons, Thomas — Born in New York State in 1863; stud- 
ied law at Albany, N. Y.; attended Albany Law School and 
studied international law and diplomacy at George Wash- 
ington University; telegraph operator, i87q-i884; editor 
and publisher, i888-i8g8; privatesecretary toaUnitedStates 
Senator, 1898-1Q05; appointed Consul-General at Newchang 
March 8, 1905; assigned to Mukden and Antung in May, 
iqo6, in connection with the negotiations for the opening 
of these ports under the treaty of igo^; appointed Consul- 
General at Seoul March 30, 1907; Consul-General at Yo- 
kohama August 27, 1909; delegate on the part of the United 
States to the Fifth International Congress of Chambers of 
Commerce, Boston, September 24 to 28, 1912. 

Sanderson, James -British subject, born in England May 
8, 1866; chemical manufacturer and agent; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Cadiz May 11, 1908. 

Sanford, Frederic Henry— Born in Palmyra, N. Y., June 

22, 1867; attended the public schools of New York ten 
years, Vale College four years (A. B.), and George Wash- 
ington University two years ( LL. B. 1; clerk in the War De- 
partment, 1891-1894; Consular Agent at Manaos March s, 
1902, to June 10, 1903; manager of a rubber exporting 
house in Manaos; appointed Consular Agent at Manaos 
August 20, 1912. 

Sanford, Horace Monroe — Born in New Haven, Conn., Oc- 
tober 12, i860; educated in public schools; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Ottawa September 9, 189S. 

Sangston, Howard Eli — Born April 22, 1879; appointed la- 
borer in the Department of State July i, 1905; assistant 
messenger November i, 1905. 

Santos, Alberto — Born in Ecuador May 10, 1S71; attended 
St. James College, Maryland, three years; is an importer 
and exporter; appointed Consular Agent at Bahia de 
Caraquez September 10, 1900. 

Sargent, John Ignatius — British subject, born in Nassau, 
New Providence, Bahamas, September 29, 1848; commis- 
sion merchant; appointed Consular Agent at Matthew 
Town March 18, 1874; retired 1885; appointed Consular 
Agent at Matthew Town December 7, 1910. 

Sartor!, Paul Hermann Johannes Born in Germany in 
1872; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at Kiel Jan- 
uary 3, 1899. 

Sauer, Emil — Born in Lange, Tex., June 10, 1881; home, 
Lange.Tex.; educated at the University of Texas (B. Lit.) 
and at the Harvard University Graduate School (A. M.); 
teacher and instructor; special agent United States Census 
Office, March to Novemlser, 1910; examiner L'nited States 
Tariff Board, 1910-11; appointed, after examination (June 
27, 1910), Consul at Bagdad August ig, igii. 

Saunders, Arthur E. — British subject, born in England 
July 27, 1857; superintendent Eastern Telegraph Co.; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Tripoli-in-Barbary 
April 28, igog. 

Savoy, Edward Augustine— Born May 2, 1855; appointed la- 
borer in the Department of State July i, 1871; assistant 
messenger June 15, 1884; messenger June 15, 1898; detailed 
as messenger to the Paris Peace Commission September 
17, 1898, to December 24, 1898; chief messenger November 
30, igor. 

Sawday, Frederick Richard — Born in Sidmouth, England, 
July 2Q, 1849; naturalized in San Diego County, Cal., July 
29, 1880; educated in private boarding schools in Honiton 
and Exeter, England ; engaged in sheep raising in Cali- 
fornia live years; general merchandise business twenty 
years; engaged in the mercantile business in Esenada five 
years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Ensenada 
March i, 1911. 

Sawyer, John B. — Born in Appleton, Wis., January 17, 
1881 ; educated in the public and high schools and the 
University of California (B. S.), 1902; Chinese inspector 
under the Department of Commerce and Labor ; appointed. 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Hongkong August 

23, igii. 

Saxe, John — Born in New York City September 22, 1884; 
attended the public and high schools of New York thirteen 
years and Columbia University (mechanical engineering) 
two years; employed with mining companies in Puntarenas 
and San Mateo, Costa Rica, five years; chief engineer with 
engineering company in Puntarenas since igioj^ appointed 
Consular Agent at Puntarenas July 19, 1913. 



Sayers, Thomas - Born in Philadelphia, Pa., January 14, 
1874; appointed coal passer. United States Navy, March 
26, i8g8; laborer in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing 
July 26, 1901; laborer in the Department of State June 17, 
1910; assistant messenger July i, 1910. 

Schleralh, Francis— Born in Hoboken, N. J., April 7, 1871; 
attended private schools and Stanislas College, Paris, 
France, and the Gymnasium at Trier, Germany; em- 
ployed in various clerical capacities in Paris and London; 
sppointed clerk in the American Embassy at St. Peters- 
burg September 15, igog. 

Schlesinger, Abraham— Born in Switzerland February 15, 
1852; naturalized in the superior court of New York City 
August 28, 1884; physician; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Munich October 10, 1904. 

Schmedeman, Albert George Born in Madison, Wis., No- 
vember 25, 1864; home, Madison; educated in public schools 
and Northwestefn Commercial College; member of the 
common council of Madison, 1903-1907, and of various 
boards of Madison at diiferent times; treasurer Guardian 
Life Insurance Co.; director Bank of Wisconsin; appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Norway July 21, 1913. 

Schmidt, Emil — German subject, born June 20, 1864; insur- 
ance agent; appointed Vice and Deputy Commercial Agent 
at Eibenstock November 19, 1902; Vice and Deputy Consul 
June 30, ign6; office abolished June 30, 1908; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Stettin September i, 1909. 

Schmutz, Gaston — Born in New Orleans. La., February 

14, 1871; educated in public and private schools; clerk and 
cashier, i8go-i8g8 and iqoi-1905; second lieutenant 
Second Louisiana Regiment, L^nited States Volunteer 
Army, i8'i8 1899; L'nited States Government service, 
1905-1906; Philippine service, 1906-1911; appointed, after 
examination (June 27, 1910), Consul at Aguascalientes 
August ig, igii. 

Schnegg, Jaques Daniel — Born in France November 29, 1872; 
agent of American Trading Co. of New York; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Martinique June 12, 1903. 

Schoenfeld, Hans Frederick Arthur—Born in Providence, 
R. L, January 31, 1889; educated at Friends' Select School, 
Washington, and George Washington University (A. B., 
A. M.); studied law, 1908-1910; assistant and instructor in 
liistory at the George Washington University, 1907-1910; 
appointed Consular Agent at Caracas September 17, igio; 
confidential clerk to the Assistant Secretary of State Janu- 
ary 4, igi2; appointed, after examination (December 4, 
igii). Third Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople 
February 15, 1912; Secretary of the Legation to Paraguay 
and Uruguay August 12, 1913. 

Scbolle, Qustave — Born in San Francisco May 23, 1863; 
educated in public schools. New York, 1870-1879, and took 
civil-engineering course in institutes in Troy, Berlin, and 
Pans, 1879-1886; graduate of University of Minnesota 
(LL. B.), 1903; with the Meriden & Waterbury Railway, 
1887-1889; Northwestern Wheel & Foundry Co., 1889-1893; 
fur manufacturer, i8g3-i8g5; practiced law in St. Paul, 
igo3-i9og; quartermaster-general, staff of governor of 
Minnesota, 1888-igoo; member of board of education, St. 
Paul; chairman Minnesota State Highway Commission; 
home, St. Paul, Minn.; appointed, after examination (Janu- 
ary 30, 1909), Third Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin 
March i, igog; Second Secretary of the Embassy at Paris 
April I, jqin; Secretary of the Legation at Madrid March 2, 
1911. 

Schultze, George H. -Born in Germany June ig, 1857; natu- 
ralized in Hamilton County, Ohio, October 5, 1878; educated 
at high school (gymnasium) in Germany and business col- 
lege; engaged in mercantile business; served in United 
States Army; appointed copyist in the Patent Office at $720 
September n, i8gi; model attendant at $800 February i, 
i89,s; copyist at fgoo March 21, i8g6; transferred to the De- 
partment of State as clerk at $goo January 24, igoi; ap- 
pointed clerk class one February i, 1902; class two March 
I, 1906; class three March 4, 1907. 

Schuiz, Walter H. — Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., February 17, 
1883; home, Oklahoma City; educated in public schools, 
Emerson Institute, George VVashington L^niversity, and in 
Berlin, Germany; newspaper correspondent and editor 
in Oklahoma and Washington; appointed, after examina- 
tion (May 26, igog). Consul at Aden August ig, igii; Con- 
sul at Nantes September 15, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



lOl 



Scidmore, George H. -Born in Iowa October 12, 1854; at- 
tended private schools in Madison, Wis., and Washington, 
D. C; graduated from tlie law department of the National 
University and was admitted to the District of Columbia 
bar in 1876; English law-school lecturer at Tokyo; ap- 
pointed, after examination, Consular Clerk May 6, 1876; 
Vice-Consul at Dunfermline August 24, 1S77; Vice-Consul 
at Osaka and Hiogo September 13, 1884; Vice-Consul- 
General at Shanghai June 24, 1885; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-Gencral at Kanagawa December 25, 1885; special 
agent to investigate claims of American citizens to lands 
in the Fiji Islands September 7, 1891; Deputy Consul- 
General at Kanagawa June i, 1894; Deputy Consul- 
General at Yokohama November 5, 1902; detailed as legal 
adviser to American Legation at Tokyo March 17, 1904; 
appointed Consul at Nagasaki March 30, 1907; Consul at 
Kobe June 2, 1909; Consul-General at Seoul August 27, 
1909. 

Scott, F. Percy— Born in San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua, 
of American parents February 20, 1876; educated in private 
schools and under private tutors; employed in various 
clerical positions, 1902-1912; appointed Vice-Consul at San 
Juan del Norte September 24, 1S98; resigned November 22, 
1902; appointed Vice-Consul at Port Limon September 14, 
1903; retired July, 1905; appointed Vice-Consul at San Jose, 
Costa Rica, November 16, 1910; retired February, 1911; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at San Jose, Costa Rica 
March 2, 1912. 

Scott, George — Born December 25, 1872; appointed laborer 
in the Department of State August 20, 1907; assistant mes- 
senger March 2, 1908. 

Scott, Leopold Eden — British subject, born in Cayman Brae, 
West Indies, December 12, 1884; attended high school in 
Ann Arbor, Mich., two years and University of Michigan 
four years (B. S.), 1909; employed as levelman, draftsman, 
and instrument man by different concerns in Alabama for 
several years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Ceiba 
June 20, 1912. 

Scott, Walter — Born June 30, 1S74; attended public school; 
employed as printer and lithographic pressman in the Hy- 
drographic Office, Navy Department, for fourteen years; 
employed as lithographer in the Department of State 
April 4, 1904. 

Seckel, Julius — Born in Germany January 31, 1869; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul (and clerk) at Brunswick 
September 8, 1893. 

Seligmana, Alfred — British subject, born in Germany May 
II, i860; member of export firm since x886; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Libau September 19, igo8. 

Shand, Miles Martin — Born in New Briinswick, N. J., Jan- 
uary 10, 1859; educated in public schools of New Bruns- 
wick; appointed temporary clerk in the Department of 
State March 20, 1882; permanently at f 1,000 August 5, 
1882; class one July i, 1889; class two May 11, 1893; sent 
on special mission to consulates in the West Indies April- 
May, 1898; class three June 25, igoo, to take effect July i, 
1900; class four July i, 1903; Chief of the Bureau of Ap- 
pointments November 2, igo8; member of the Board of 
Examiners for the Diplomatic Service. 

Shank, Samuel Herbert— Born in Marion County, Ind., Feb- 
ruary 4, 1871; educated in public school, preparatory school, 
Butler College, and spent two years in law school; em- 
ployed for four years in the Marion County (Ind.) clerk's 
office; attorney at law; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Winnipeg November 7, 1903; Consul March 30, 1904; 
Consul at Mannheim March 30, 1907; Consul at Sherbrooke 
March 21, 1912; Consul at Fiume August 20, 1912. 

Shanklin, Arnold — Born in Carrollton, Mo., January 29 
1866; home, St. Louis; graduate of the Carrollton high 
school, 1882; of the Washington University, St. Louis (LL. 
B.), 1889; LL. D. from Upper Iowa University, 1908; en- 
gaged in the practice of law in Kansas City, Mo., ten 
years; admitted to practice before the United States Su- 
preme Court; commissioner of the Louisiana Purchase 
Exposition to Mexico in 1903; appointed Consul-General 
at Panama September 25, 1905; (Jonsul-General at Mexico 
City January 11, 1909. 

Sharp, Hunter— Born in Hertford County, N. C, October 
5, i86r; educated by private tuition, at St Michael's Home 
School for Boys, Reisterstown, Md.; at Trinity College 
(North Carolina), Bingham's Military Academy (North 
Carolina), the University of North Carolina, and the Uni- 
versity of Maryland; appointed Marshal at Osaka and 



Hiogo May 10, 1886; also Vice-Consul at Osaka and Hiogo 
March 12, 1891; letired as Vice-Consul October i, 1898; 
retired as Marshal July 17, 1S99; appointed Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul at Osaka and Hiogo April 25, 1900; also Inter- 
preter at Osaka and Hiogo April 25, 1900; retired as Vice 
and Deputy Consul and as Interpreter July i, 1902; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Kob^ August i, 1902; 
also Interpreter August i, 1902; Consul March 10, 1905; 
Consul-General at Moscow June 10, 1908; Consul at Lyon 
May 31, igog; Consul at Belfast December 14, 1910. 

Sharps, Lloyd — Born October 15, 1861; appointed laborer 
in the Department of State October 8, 1898; assistant mes- 
senger July I, 1902; messenger July i, 1907. 

Shepard, James M. — Born in Cambridge, Mass.; November 
24, 1842; home, Cassopolis, Mich.; educated in the public 
sclioolsof Cambridge, Wilbraham Academy, and Wesleyan 
University, Middletown, Conn.; served in the Navy dur- 
ing the Civil War; taught school in Wisconsin and Mich- 
igan until 1876; editor and publisher; member of the Mich- 
igan State Senate, 1S79-80; House of Representatives com- 
mittee clerk during Forty-seventh Congress; secretary to 
United States Senator and Senate committee clerk Forty- 
eighth, Forty-ninth, and Fiftieth Congresses; secretary 
to the president of the World's Columbian Commission, 
Chicago, 1890-1897; commissioner on the Michigan State 
Board of Corrections and Charities, 1895-1898; appointed, 
after examination. Consul at Hamilton, Ontario, July 17, 
1897. 

Sherman, Harry Tuck— Born in Bucksport, Me., August 
13, 1866; educated in public schools in Boston, two years 
in Brown University, and three years Middle Temple 
Law School, London; clerk in shipping house in Antwerp, 
and engaged in literary and journalistic work; appointed 
clerk in the Consulate at Antwerp July 10, 1S90; resigned 
January i, i8qi; reappointed July i, 1892; retired June 30, 
1893; appointed Deputy Consul-Creneral September7, igoi; 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General May 10, 1907. 

Shipton, James A. — Born in Ohio March 10, 1867; appointed 
a cadet in the United States Militar)- Academy June 16, 
188S; additional second lieutenant Fourth Artillery June 
II, 1892; second lieutenant First Artillery December 8, 
1892; first lieutenant March 2, 1899; captain United States 
Volunteer Infantry August 17, 1899; major October 26, 
1899; honorably mustered out July 2, 1901; appointed cap- 
tain Artillery Corps, United States Army, July i, igoi; 
major Coast Artillery Corps December 7, 1909; assigned to 
duty as Military Attache at Buenos Aires September 26, 
1912. 

Shockley, William Penn — Born in Milford, Del., July 3 
1869; attended the public schools of Delaware and gradu 
ated from Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. (Ph. B.t, 1894 
member of the town council of Dover, Del., two years: 
admitted to the bar and practiced law in Dover, 1897-1913 
appointed Deputy Consul at Bordeaux October 3, igi.-^. 

Shotts, George W.— Born in Ross County, Ohio, 1842; home 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.; educated at Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, Delaware, Ohio; engaged in fire-insurance busi- 
ness; appointed, after examination (February 25, 1898), 
Commercial Agent at Sault Ste. Marie February 26, i8g8; 
Consul June 22, 1906. 

Shreve, Edgar Allen— Born in Dunn Loring, Va., Septem- 
ber II, 1882; attended public school; graduated from the 
Washington Business High School in 1901 and from the 
Bliss Electrical School in 1902; employed as clerk in real- 
estate office, 1901-2; manager of printing company, igo2- 
igo8; appointed clerk in the Department of State, tempo- 
rarily, at Igooperannum. September 16, 1908; retired March 
15, igog; appointed on probation at same salary, under 
Civil Service rules, April 24, igog; permanently at same 
salary October 24, 1909; at $1,000 December 20, 1909; class 
one October 21, 1910. 

Sigmond, Frithjof Carl— Born in Zumbrota, Minn., April 26, 

18S3; attended the public schools of Minnesota and studied 
five years in the scliools of Norway; clerk in Chicago and 
Portland, Oreg., five years; messenger in Consulate at 
Stavanger nine months; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Stavanger August 16, 1911. 

Silliman, John Reid— Born in Green County. Ala., Decem- 
ber 7, 1855; graduate of Princeton University (A. B.), 1879; 
railway and insurance clerk and insurance agent in Texas 
until 1897; farmer in Mexico since 1897; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Saltillo December 13, igo7. 



I02 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT 



Simpicb, Frederick— Born in Urbana, III., November 21, 
1878; f;raduated from the New Franklin (Mo.) high school 
in i8gS; studied under jirivate tutor for three years; em- 
ployed as stenograpliic reporter with referee in bank- 
ruptcy for three years; connected with the New York 
Export & Import Co. in China in 1902; stenographer 
to Major Wood, U. S. Army, in 1903; represented the Ma- 
nila Far Eastern Review in Europe and America in 1904; 
Philippine correspondent for various newspapers; mana- 
ger of the Manila Times in 1905: connected with the Wenat- 
chee Daily World in 1906 and with the San Francisco 
Bulletin in 1907; resident of VVenatchee, Wash.; appointed, 
after examination (July 7, 1908), Consul at Bagdad May 31, 
1909; Consul at Ensenada June 8, 191 1; detailed as Vice- 
Consul in charge of the Consulate at Nogales November 
9, 1912; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Nogales 
October 15, 1913. 

Sinclair, Neil — British subject, born on Prince Edw-ard 
Island, 1S43; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at 
Summerside October 8, 1907. 

Singleton, Ann— Born in Avoyelles Parish, La.; attended 
the H. Sophie Newcomb College, New Orleans, three years 
and the Mary Baldwin Seminary, Staunton, Va., one year; 
stenographer and typewriter in the Census Office, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1899-1901; with the Spanish Treaty Claims 
Commission, Habana, Cuba, 1902-1907; with the Depart- 
ment of State and Justice, Habana. Cuba, 1908-9; engaged 
in secretarial work in Paris, France, 1909-1912; appointed 
clerk in the American Embassy at Paris September i, 1912. 

Sisler, Clarence Eugene— Born in Washington, D.C., June 16, 

i88i; graduate of the Washington high school, 1899; spe- 
cial courses in Young Men's Christian Association, Gon- 
zaga College, and Sprague Correspondence School of Law ; 
stenographer, bookkeeper, timekeeper, and chief clerk 
purchasing department of the Washington Railway & 
Electric Co., 1899-1904; appointed clerk in the Depot 
Quartermaster's Department at Large, War Department, 
under Civil Service rules, March 8, 1904; transferred to the 
Department of State as clerk at I900 December 2, 1904; 
class one July 2, 1906; class two July i, 1908. 

Skinner, James Sidney— Born in Liberty, Tex., May 22, 

1865; educated in private schools and Washington and Lee 
University; cotton factor and commission merchant in 
Galveston, Tex.; appointed inspector in customs service 
at Galveston, December, 1904; resigned June 8, 1905, to 
accept appointment in the Department of State; ap- 
pointed clerk at I900, on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, June 6, 1905; permanently at same salary December 
6, 1905; class one July 2, 1906; class two March 4, 1907. 

Skinner, Robert P. — Born in Massillon, Ohio, February 24, 
1866; home, Massillon; public and high school education; 
newspaper publisher, 1886-1897, in Massillon; appointed, 
after examination(November 6, 1897), Consul at Marseille 
December 18, 1897; Consul-General April g, 1901; commis- 
sioner and plenipotentiary to establish relations and to 
negotiate a treaty between the United States and Ethio- 
pia June 22, 1903; Consul-General at Hamburg June 10, 
1908; on special detail for the purpose of adjusting the 
claims of the creditors of the Republic of Liberia in Great 
Britain, France, Germany, and the Netherlands March 25 
to June 6, 1912. 

Slater, Fred C— Born in Germany November 10, 1864; 
father naturalized during his minority; home, Topeka, 
Kans; attended the public schools and graduated from the 
high school of Junction City. Kans., in 1887; practiced law 
for seventeen years in Topeka; appointed, after exami- 
nation (April 7, 1908), Consul at Sarnia July 16, 1909. 

Slocum, Herbert J. — Born in Ohio April 25, 1855; appointed 
a cadet in the United States Military Academy July i, 1872; 
second lieutenant Twenty-fifth Infantry June 21, 1876; 
transferred to the Seventh Cavalry July 28, 1876; first lieu- 
tenant September 22, 1883; captain August 26. 1896; served 
as major inspector general, United States Volunteers, May 
12, 1898, to May 12, 1899; appointed quartermaster. United 
States Army, July 25, 1902; major First Cavalry August 26. 
1Q03; transferred to Second Cavalry October 16, 1903; trans- 
ferred to Seventh Cavalry February 26, 1908; lieutenant 
colonel of cavalry March 3, 191 1; colonel August 2, 1912; 
assigned to duty as Military Attach^ at Habana September 
9, 1912. 

Smith, Abraham E. — Born in England in 1839; naturalized; 
public-school education; postmaster at Woodstock, 111., 
1861-1865; postmaster at Rockford, 111., 1875-1879; pub- 
lisher and editor of the Rockford Gazette; appointed, after 
e.vamination (June 29, 1897), Consul at Victoria, British Co- 
lumbia, July 2, 1897. 



Smith, Albert— Born in New York City May 26, 1879; at- 
tended the public schools of New York, 1888-1894; College 
of the City of New York, 1894-189'!; Columbia University, 
1896-1898; employed in various clerical capacities by bank- 
ing hou^e in New V^ork City; appointed Deputy Consul at 
Johannesburg September 16, 1913. 

Smith, Alfred Willoughby— Born in Russia of American par- 
ents September 22, 1870; educated in commercial schools, 
Odessa, and Yale law school; was English lecturer in 
University of Kief four years; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Odessa June 19, 1906; Deputy Consul-General at 
Moscow January 12, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral at Moscow June 20, 1912. 

Smith, Carothers H.— Born October 17, 1877; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State July 2, 1906; assistant 
messenger July i, 1907. 

Smith, Felix Willoughby— Born in Russia of American par- 
ents June 25, 1872; educated in Russia by tutors and in 
Columbian University law school; private in the Army six 
months; practiced law in New Y'ork fourteen years; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Catania March 17, 1909; 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Warsaw August 8, igio; Deputy 
Consul-General at Beirut December 28, 1910; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General March 6, 1911; appointed, after 
examination (April i, 1912), Consul at Aden September 18, 
I9I3- 

Smith, Glenn Alvin — Born in Avondale, Tenn., September 
27,1876; educated in public schoolsand Knoxville Business 
College; clerk in railway and other offices, 1892-1900; ap- 
pointed clerk at $1,000 in the office of the Chief Signal 
Officer, War Department, temporarily, December 24, 1898; 
clerk at $goo in the Adjutant-General's Office, War De- 
partment, January 17, 1900; at $1,000 August 29, 1904; class 
one December 14, 1905; transferred to the Department of 
State as clerk at I900 January 30, 1909; class one Decem- 
ber I, igog. 

Smith, James A. — Born in Grand Rapids, Mich., Novem- 
ber 3, 1865; home, Middlebury, Vt.; educated in the public 
schools in Grand Rapids and at Williston Seminary, East- 
hampton, Mass.; engaged in marble business for fifteen 
years; appointed, after examination (April 10, 1897), Con- 
sul at Leghorn April 22, 1897; Consul-General at Boma 
March 30, 1907; Consul-General at Genoa June 10, 1908; 
Consul-General at Calcutta September 18, 1913. 

Smith, Joseph Orvill— Born in Rhode Island August 12, 
1843: educated at Pierce Academy, Massachusetts; in 
woolen manufacturing, railway construction, flour mill- 
ing, mining, etc., in Chile since 1869; appointed Consular 
Agent at Talcahuano September 27, 1895. 

Smith, Madison Roswell — Born in Glenallen, Mo., July 9, 
i8=;o; home, Farmington, Mo.; graduate of Central College; 
taught school for three years; admitted to the bar in Mis- 
souri, 1874; practiced law, 1877-191^; prosecuting attorney 
of Bollinger County, 1877-78; member of the Missouri 
Senate, 1886-1890; reporter, St. Louis court of appeals, 
1898-1902; newspaper owner and editor for several years; 
member of the Sixtieth Congress, 1907-1909; appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Haiti August 15, 1913. 

Smith, Reginald F.— Born in Lowell, Mass., in 1879; at- 
tended the public schools of Lowell; graduated from 
Phillips Academy, 1897, and from Tufts College, 1901; 
teacher in the Philippines two years; entered the civil 
service of the Philippine Islands and served in the office of 
the city assessor and collector, 1903-1905, and in the office 
of the collector of internal revenue, 1905-1913; appointed 
Deputy Consul and Marshal at Chefoo August 4, 1913. 

Smith, Sydney Yost— Born in Washington, D. C, Novem- 
ber 28, 1857; educated in public schools and academy of 
Washington; bookkeeper in real-estate office; assistant offi- 
cial reporter. House of Representatives; appointed clerk in 
Pension Office June 17, 1880; resigned June 30, 18S1, to accept 
appointment as clerk in Department of State; appointed 
temporary clerk at $900 July i, 1881; class one August 5, 
1882; class two, temporary, July 24, 1884; class one Decem- 
ber 19, 1884; class two August 16, 1886; class three July 1, 
1889; class four September 5, 1891; Chief of the Diplomatic 
Bureau April 8, 1897; member of the Board of Examiners 
for the Diplomatic Service; disbursing officer of the dele- 
gation of the United States to the Fourth International 
Conference of American States, Buenos Aires, 1910. 



HIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT 



lO 



Smitb, William H. Born in Newport, R. I., September 16, 
1888; educated in putilic schools of Newport; clcrl< and 
salesman in a library, hotel, and otlicr concerns; appointed 
clerk in the Dejiartment of State at fgoo, on probation, 
under Civil Service rules, July g, igog; permanently at 
same salary January 8, 1910; at fi, 000 April i, iqu; class 
one Septemlicr lo, 1913. 

Smitb, William Walker— Horn in Covington, Ky., Novem- 
ber 21, 1871; home, Cincinnati, Ohio; educated at White 
and Sykes Preparatory School, the New York Military 
Academy, and graduated from the Cincinnati Law School 
in 1897; traveled for two years in Europe and the United 
States; was secretary and' treasurer of lilcctric Supply & 
Contracting Co. of Cincinnati; practiced law in Cincin- 
nati, 1897-1910; served in the Seventy-tifth and Seventy- 
sixth General Assembly of Ohio; appointed, after exami- 
nation (March i, 1910), Third Secretary of the Embassy at 
Constantinople March 31, igto; Secretary of the Legation 
at Berne February i, 1912; Secretary of the Legation and 
Consul-General at Santo Domingo November 6, 1913. 

Snodgrass, John Harold — Born in Williamstown, W. Va., 
March 5, 1870; educated in the public schools of Marietta, 
Ohio, and Marietta College; attended the Cincinnati Law 
School; was regimental quartermaster-sergeant in the 
Second West Virginia Volunteer Regiment, 18Q8-99; night 
editor of the Wheeling Intelligencer; general manager 
and editor of the Wheeling Evening Telegraph; appointed 
Consul at Pretoria March iB, 1905; Consul at Kobe June 
10, igo8; Consul-General at Moscow May 31, 1909. 

Snyder, Alban Qoshorn— Born in Charleston, W. Va., No- 
vember 5, 1876; educated in the public schools of Charleston 
and the Washington and Lee University; employed as 
clerk in the American Consulate at Ciudad I'ortirio Diaz 
November i, 1898; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Ciudad Portirio Diaz May 8, 1899; retired October 26, 1901; 
appointed Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General 
at Bogota February 12, 1903; served as Charge d' Affaires 
aii intejtjit from December 19, 1903, to December 8, 1904, 
and from May 24, 1905, to November 27, 1905; appointed 
Consul-General at Buenos Aires June 22, 1906; Consul- 
General at Panama City January ii, 1909. 

Snyder, Nicholas R.— Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., February 22, 
i860; home, Pittsburgh; public-school and college educa- 
tion; managing salesman; appointed, after examination 
(February 26, 1898), Commercial Agent at Port Antonio 
February 28, 1898; (Zonsul June 22, 1906; Consul at Kings- 
ton, Jamaica, June 7, 1910; Consul at Leipzig August 22, 
1912. 

Soler y Mones, Augusto— Citizen of Cuba, born in Baracoa 
in 1S67; partner in business in Baracoa ten years; ap- 
pointed (Jonsular Agent at Baracoa July ig, 1913. 

Solomon, Eric Vernon— British subject, born in Dunmore 
Town, Bahamas, May 31, 1880; clerk in the American Con- 
sulate at Nassau since July, 191 1; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Nassau November 19, 1912. 

Spahr, Herman Louis— Born in Macon, Ga., December 18, 

1875; educated in South Carolina College, LTniversity of 
Heidelberg, and University of Chicago; lieutenant in 
South Carolina Volunteer Infantry, 1808; admitted to the 
South Carolina bar, 1899; instructor in South Carolina Col- 
lege, 1900-1906; appointed, after examination (June 18, 
1906), Consul at Breslau June 30, 1906. 

Spence, James Owen —British subject, born in London, 
England, January 29, 1879; propiietor of a forwarding 
company; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Lourenco 
Marques March 5, 1910. 

Spencer, Willing — Born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 
29, 1877; home, Philadelphia; educated in private schools 
in Philadelphia, Massachusetts, Switzerland, and Ger- 
many; graduate of Harvard University (A. B.), 1899; 
took a year's instruction at the Ecole Libre des Sciences 
Politiques, Paris, 1900; graduated from the L'niversity of 
Pennsylvania law school, and was admitted, after exami- 
nation, to the Philadelphia bar, 1903; practiced law in 
Philadelphia for seven years; appointed, after examina- 
tion (March i, iqio). Third Secretary of the Embassy at 
St. Petersburg March 31, 1910; clerk class one in the De- 
partment of State, under Executive order, January 26, igti; 
class four June 27, 1911; Second Secretary of the Embassy 
at Berlin August ig, igri. 

Sprague, Richard Louis — Born in Gibraltar, of American 
parents. May 26, 1871; education received by private tui- 
tion; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Gibraltar June 
20, 1893; appointed Consul July 18, 1901. 



Springer, Joseph Alden -Born in Portland, Me., May 17, 
1844; educated in the United Stales and Cuba; engaged 
in patent and banking business in Habana, 1899 1902; 
appointed temporary Consular Agent at Cardenas June 
I, 1867; retired in 1868; appointed, after examination, Con- 
sular (jlerk January 8, 1870; also Vice-Consul-General at 
Habana August 21, 1885; Vice andDeputy Consul-General 
June 24, 1896; retired as Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
April 21, 18 18; resigned as Consular Clerk July i, 1899; re- 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General June 23, 1902. 

Squier, George 0. -Born in Michigan March 21, 1865, 
graduated from the United States Military Academy 
June 12, 1887, and appointed second lieutenant Third 
Artillery; first lieutenant June 30, 1893; appointed first 
lieutenant Signal Corps February 23, 1899; captain Feb- 
ruary 2, 1901; major March 2, 1903; lieutenant colonel 
March 17, 1913; served as captain signal officer. United 
States Volunteers, from May 28 to July 18, 1898; lieutenant 
colonel Signal Corps, United States Volunteers, July iS to 
December 7, 1899; 'ir'd captain Signal Corps, United States 
Volunteers, April 17, 1899, to June 30, igoi; assigned to 
duty as Military Attach^ at London March 12, 1912. 

Stabler, Jordan Herbert— Born in Baltimore, Md., Octo- 
ber 16, 1885; attended the Country School for Boys and 
graduated from Johns Hopkins University (A. B.), igo7; 
took courses in the L'niversity of Maryland, the Johns Hop- 
kins LIniversity, the Sorbonne, and the College de France; 
home, Baltimore; field secretary, Maryland State Library 
Commission; private secretary to Minister at Brussels, 
igog; appointed, after examination (May 17, 1909), Secre- 
tary of Legation at Quito June 28, 1909; Second Secretary 
of the Embassy at Berlin March 2, 191 1, but did not go to 
post; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Guatemala 
July 6, igii; Secretary of the Legation at Stockholm Feb- 
ruary I, 1912; clerk in the Department of State September 
20, igi3, under the provisions of the Executive order of 
December i, igio. 

Stadden, Richard M.— Born in Springfield, 111., May 27, 
1856; home, Jacksonville, Fla.; educated in public schools 
and St. Louis University; chief clerk, LTnited St.^es land 
office, at Gainesville, 1876-77; civil engineer and con- 
tractor on various railways and harbor works in the 
L'nited States and Mexico; Hawaiian Consul at Manza- 
nillo, 1886-87; appointed Consul at Manzanillo August 3, 
1886, and served until February 15, 1887; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at Manzanillo (Dctober 11, igo6. 

Stambaugh, George Bingham— Born in Marietta, Pa., Octo- 
ber 16, 18S0; educated in various business schools and in 
George Washington University; stenographer, typewriter, 
and accountant with three business concerns in Pennsyl- 
vania five years; appointed clerk in the Bureau of Stand- 
ards, Department of Commerce and Labor, at I720, on 
probation, under Civil Service rules, November 15, 1904; 
storekeeper February i, 1905, at fgoo; at $1,000 July i, 
1005; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
$)oo December 7, 1905; appointed at $1,000 July 2, 1906; 
class one March 4, 1907; class two July r, igo8. 

Stanford, Walter— French citizen, born in England De- 
cember 4, 1871; in business at Reims; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Reims November i, igo?; Vice and Deputy 
Consul July 2g, igio. 

Stangeland, Cbarles Emit- Born in Sheldahl, Iowa, May 
I, 18S1; home, Seattle, Wash.; educated at the Augsburg 
Seminary (A. B.), 1898; LTniversity of Wisconsin, 1898-99; 
University of Minnesota, 1900-1902, (A. M.) 1901; Univer- 
sity of Berlin, 1902-3; Columbia IJniversity, 1903-4, (Ph. D.) 
1904; University of Paris and Ecole des Sciences Poli- 
tique, 1907-8; member of the faculty of the State College 
of Washington, 1905-1909; special agent in the Bureau of 
the Census, igog-igii; special agent in the Bureau of Cor- 
porations, 1911; appointed, after examination (December 
4, 191 1\ Secretary of the Legation at La Paz February i, 
1912. 

Stanton, Otis G.— Born in Noblesville, Ind., May 17, 1868; 
attended public schools of Indiana and graduated from 
Indiana LTniversity (.'\. B.), 1896; took a post-graduate 
course to January, 1897; teacher in grade and high school, 
1885-1895; instructor in Indianapolis high school, 1897; su- 
perintendent Irvington, Ind., schools, 1897-1902; principal 
of Central Academy of Plainfield, Ind., 1902-3; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $900, on probation, un- 
der Civil Service rules, June 8, 1903; permanently at same 
salary December 8, 1903; class one December 16,1904; class 
two March 4, 1907; class three November 20, ign. 



I04 



lilOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Starrett, Henry Prince -Born in Boston, Mass., December 
14, 1885; home, Tliomaston, Me.; attended schools and 
business college in Maine; home, Dade City, Fla.; clerk 
and stenographer in United States, 1903-1905; clerk in 
Consulate at Santiago de Cuba, 1905-6; in engineer office. 
United States Army, Cuba, 1906; clerk in Santiago and 
Habana, 1906-7; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Ha- 
bana October 3, 1907; appointed, after examination (April 
I, 1912), Consul at Cartagena September 15, 1913. 

Stead, William Force— Born in Washington, D.C., August 
29, 1884; educated in public and private schools and Uni- 
versity of Virginia; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
(and clerk) at Nottingham June 11, 1908; Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Liverpool March 29, 1913. 

Steeves, Cbipman Archibald^British subject, born in New 
Brunswick January 28, 1850; barrister at law; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Moncton June 30, 1906. 

Stephens, John Jolly — Born in New York State in 1875; 
educated in public and private schools of the United States 
and England, at Harleigh House, Bodmin, England, and 
Wabash College, Indiana; practiced law in San Francisco; 
assistant city and county attorney of San Francisco, 1890; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Plymouth October 

7, 1899. 

Stephens, Joseph Qrigg — Born in Cornwall, England, in 1851; 
naturalized; attended public and private schools in Eng- 
land and Wyoming Seminary, Pennsylvania; pastor in 
Methodist Episcopal Church; appointed Consul at Plym- 
outh July 15, 1897. 

Sterling, Frederick Augustine— Born in Lake City, Minn., 
August 13, 1876; educated in Switzerland, Smith Academy, 
St. Louis, and graduated from Harvard University (A. B.), 
1898; one year in law department, Washington University, 
St. Louis ; owner and manager of cattle ranch eight years ; 
manufacturer of woolen goods two years; appointed, 
after examination (January 16, igii). Third Secretary of 
the Embassy at St. Petersburg March 2, 191 1; Second Sec- 
retary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg August 22, 1912. 

Stevens, Wilfred— Born in Shakopee, Minn., May 16, 1874; 
educated in public schools; appointed compositor in Gov- 
ernment Printing Office February, 1894; proof reader 
September, 1894; special clerk (translator and librarian) 
at $1,500 in Adjutant-General's Office, War Department, 
on probation, March i, 1897; permanently at same salary 
August 31, 1897; translator and librarian at f 1,800 March 

8, 1901; transferred to Department of State as translator 
February n, 1904. 

Stewart, Edward Combs— Born in Washington. D. C, Jan- 
uary 15, 1849; educated in public schools of Washington; 
telegraph clerk and operator in several cities and manager 
of several telegraph branch offices in Washington; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $900, on pro- 
bation, under Civil Service rules, July 24, 1884; perma- 
nently at same salary January 24, 1885; class one August 
I, 1886; class two December 23, 1899; class three June 15, 
1904, to take effect July i, 1904; class four March i, 1912. 

Stewart, Francis Robert— Born in Evansville, Ind., August 
7, 1874; educated in the public and high schools of Indiana; 
employed as stenographer and in various confidential po- 
sitions in New York City, 1894-1905; general manager of 
an incubator company for several years; clerk in the 
Consulate-General at Hamburg, 1911; appointed Deputy 
Consul-General at Hamburg January 24, 1912; also Con- 
sular Agent at Cu.vhaven August 12, 1913. 

Stewart, Nathaniel Bacon- Born in Butler, Ga., January 4, 
1871; attended the public schools of Butler; graduated 
from the L'niversity of Georgia; attended the George 
Washington University law school; employed under the 
Navy Department, 1893-1897; under the War Department, 
1897-189(3; transferred to the engineer department of the 
city of Habana in 1899, and appointed paymaster in 1902; 
returned temporarily to the War Department; appointed 
provincial treasurer in the Philippine Islands July, 1902; 
appointed, after examination (July 7, 1907), Consul at Cas- 
tellamare di .Stabia August 15, 1907; Consul at Madras 
June 10, 1908; Consul at Durban December ig, 1910; Consul 
at Milan July 14, 1913. 

Stewart, William B.— British subject, born in Nova Scotia 
in 1844; clerk of the supreme court of Nova Scotia for 
the county of Digby; appointed Consular Agent at Digby 
January 16, 1873. 



Stewart, Worthington E.— Born near Ravenna. Mich., De- 
cember I, 1876; attended public schools in Michigan; em- 
ployed in stenographic and clerical positions with variou- 
commercial and legal firms; appointed clerk in the Departs 
ment of State at $900, on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, Septembers, 1906; class one March 4,1907; class two. 
November 2, 1908; class three January 3, 1910. 

Stone, Junius H. — Born in New York City October 21, 1865; 
educated in the public and high schools of Stamford, Conn. ; 
served seven years with the National Guard of New York; 
employed in various capacities by a firm of wholesale 
grocers in New York, 1883-1894; cork manufacturer, man- 
ager, and director of various cork-manufacturing com- 
panies, 1894-1913; appointed Consular Agent at Palamos 
September 26, 1913. 

Stovall, Pleasant Alexander- Born in Augusta, Ga., July 

10, 1857; home. Savannah, Ga.; graduate of the University 
of Georgia, (B. S. > 1875; an editor of the Athens Georgian, 
1876; news editor and later associate editor of the Augusta 
Chronicle, 1876-1891; editor and proprietor of the Savannah 
Press, 1891-1913; was lieutenant colonel and aide-de-camp 
on the staff of two governors of Georgia, 1891-1898; trustee 
of the University of Georgia; trustee public schools of 
Savannah; member of the Georgia Legislature, 1902-1906 
and 1912-13; author of a life of Robert Toombsand of many 
articles; lecturer; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Switzerland June 21, 1913. 

Strassburger, Ralph Beaver— Born in Norristown, Pa., 
March 26, 18S3; home, Oakdale, Long Island, N. Y.; grad- 
uate of United States Naval Academy, 1905; passed mid- 
shipman, L''nited States Navy, 1905-1907; ensign. United 
States Navy, 1907-1909; resigned May 21, 1909; with steam 
boiler company in New York, 1909-1912; appointed, after 
examination (May 27, 1912), Secretary of the Legation and 
Consul-General to Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria August 
22, 1912; Second Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo March 
ii 1913- 

Streuli, Gustave — Citizen of Switzerland, born in Zurich 
February 20, 1S80; hat manufacturer and general exporter; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Tamatave April 3, 
igi2. 

Strickland, Charles Lee— Born in Livermore, Me., August 

11, 1836; attended the public schools of Bangor, Me., and 
studied dentistry four years in Boston; has practiced den- 
tistry since 1860; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Charlottetown June 6, 1911. 

Strohm, Adolph — German subject, born in Hamburg May 
25, 187 1 ; exporter and importer; appointed Consular Agent 
at Aux Cayes December i, 1906. 

Struve, Theodore J.— Born in Buffalo, N. Y., November 2, 
1868; educated in the German school of Haifa, 1875-1881, 
and the Lyceum Tempelstift, Jerusalem; importer and 
dealer in general merchandise; appointed Consular Agent 
at Haifa March 21, 1906. 

Stuve, William H. — German subject, born in Portugal Au- 
gust I, 1873; steamship agent and wine exporter; appointed 
Consular Agent at Oporto January 2, igo8. 

Sullivan, James Mark— Born in Killarney, Ireland, January 
6, 1873; came to the United States when a young child; 
home, Brooklyn, N. Y.; graduate of Yale L'niversity 
(LL. B.), 1902: practiced law in Connecticut, 1902-1906, and 
in New York City, igo6-igi5; appointed Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Dominican 
Republic August 12, 1913. 

Sullivan, Lucien Norris — Born in Indianapolis, Ind., April 
16, 1869; graduated (B. A.) from the Rose Polytechnic In- 
stitute, Terre Haute, Ind.; took post-graduate course at 
Lehigh University (M. S.); employed as draftsman in the 
Union Iron AVorks, San Francisco, 1891-1893; in milling 
company and other firms two years; inspector of public 
works at Indianapolis, 1895-96; connected with contracting 
firm in establishing drainage system at San Antonio', Tex., 
1896-97; draftsman with beet-sugar and ice-manufacturing 
machinery company in 1899; with Bethlehem Steel Co. 
two years; instructor at Lehigh University, 1902-1906; 
engineer at Pachuca, Mexico, 1906 7; appointed, after ex- 
amination (April 7, 1908), Consul at La Paz, Mexico, May 
31, igog. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



i05 



Summerlin, George Thomas— Born in Rayville, La., Novem- 
ber II, 1872; educated in private schools, Louisiana State 
University, Agricultural and Mechanical College, and 
graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1896; 
commissioned additional second lieutenant Sixth United 
States Cavalry, second lieutenant Eighth Cavalry, captain 
and adjutant Thirty-second Volunteer Infantry, first lieu- 
tenant Fourth Cavalry, captain Tenth Cavalry, captain 
Fifth Cavalry; resigned from Army May 17,1903; appointed 
clerk. Division of Information, Department of State, July 
1, 1909; Second Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo April 7, 
iqio; Second Secretary of the Legation at Peking July 6, 
igii. 

Summers, Maddin — Born in Nashville, Tenn., February i, 
1877; educated at Vanderbilt University and Columbian 
LTniversity; clerk in a bank in Nashville, Tenn.; appointed, 
after examination. Consular Clerk July 27. 1899; also Vice 
and Deputy Consul-General at Barcelona June 13, 1900; 
detailed to Legation in Madrid March 20, 1901; retired as 
Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Barcelona September 
25, igoi; detailed for duty with the Second Pan-American 
Congress in Mexico City November;, 1901; appointed as- 
sistant secretary of the American delegation November 20, 
1901; assigned to special duty in Spain obtaining evidence 
for the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission March 21, 
1902; appointed Vice-Consul at Madrid May 26, 1904; re- 
tired as Vice-Consul January, 1905; reappointed Vice-Con- 
sul at Madrid February 16, 1905; appointed Consular As- 
sistant July I, 1908; detailed for special work in connection 
with the Alsop claim, 1910; accredited as Charge d'Affaires 
ati interim at La Paz, Bolivia, March 25, 1911; appointed 
Consul at Chihuahua August ig, igii, but did not go to 
post; appointed Consul at Belgrade December 20. igii. 

Sutherland, Vervie Pontious— Born in Flint, Mich., Febru- 
ary 18, 18S2; attended public schools ten years and took a 
correspondence course; served two years with Company 
C, National Guard of Minnesota; architect and builder; 
appointed Consular Agent at Nueva Gerona July 6, 1910. 

Swalm, Albert W. — Born in Pennsylvania November 30, 
1S45; proprietor and publisher of various Iowa papers, in- 
cluding the Oskaloosa Daily and Weekly Herald; private 
in the Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry in 
the Civil War; president of the Iowa Press Association for 
several years; regent of Iowa State University ten years; 
postmaster at Oskaloosa four years; appointed Consul at 
Montevideo June 26, 1897; Consul at Southampton March 
19, 1903. 

Swann, James S.— Born April 2, 1859; appointed laborer 
in the Depattment of State November 8, 1893; assistant 
messenger July i, 1902; packer October 16, 1907. 

Swanston, Peter— British subject, born in Grand Canary 
July 22, 1856; retired merchant; appointed Consular Agent 
at Grand Canary January 11, igoo. 

Symington, Powers — Born in Baltimore, Md., October 6, 
1872; appointed a naval cadet from West Virginia Sep- 
tember 7, 1888; graduated 1892; appointed ensign July i, 
1894; lieutenant ounior grade) March 3, 1899; lieutenant 
August 30, 1900; lieutenant commander July i, 1906; com- 
mander May 10, 1912; assigned to dutv as Naval Attache 
at London August 24, 1912. 

Syphax, Colbert Stewart— Born March 18, 1871; appointed 
laborer in the Department of State July i, 1905; assistant 
messenger July 2, 1906. 

Taggart, Giles Russell— Born in Clarksboro, N. J., July 20, 
1870; home, Woodbury, N. J.; attended Princeton Uni- 
versity one year; University of Pennsylvania one and 
one-half years; graduated from George Washington LTni- 
versity, (B. S. ) igoo and (LL. B.) 1906; admitted to the 
District of Columbia bar, igo6; clerk in lawyers' offices 
and glassworks office in Woodbury, N. J., 1886-1891; 
clerk in the Department of Justice, 1895-1900; Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. 1900-1903; Department of Com- 
merce and Labor, 1903-1908; special attorney. Depart- 
ment of Commerce and Labor, igo8-igi2; writer of special 
feature articles for newspapers, igii; appointed, after 
examination (June 27, 1910), Consul at Cornwall March 
13, 1912. 

Takes, William Johannes — Dutch subject, born in Den 
Helder, Holland, February 13, i8gi; clerk in the Consulate- 
General at Barcelona. 1910-1912; appointed Deput)- Con- 
sul-General at Barcelona March 27, 1912. 

Tanis, Richard Cornelius- Born in Holland March 21, 1877; 
naturalized in Paterson, N. J., iSgg: graduate of HefHey's 
Academy of Brooklyn and Drake s Business College of 



Passaic; employed as clerk, letter carrier, and stenogra- 
pher for seventeen years; appointed clerk in the Depart- 
ment of State at $1,000. on probation, under Civil Service 
rules, March i, igio; permanently at same salary Septem- 
ber 10, i<)io; class one Octobers, igii. • 

Tarler, George Cornell— Born in New York City October 4, 
1876; graduate of the City College of New York (B. S., 
189s; M. S., 1897); Columbia University (M, A., 1897; LL. B., 
1899); spent three years in travel in Europe and Central 
America; admitted to the New York bar, 1899; practiced 
law in New York City (i8gg-igo8); appointed, after exami- 
nation (July S, 190?), Second Secretary of the Legation at 
Habana July 31, igo8; Secretary of the Legation and Con- 
sul-General at Bangkok August 4, igog; special representa- 
tive of the President at the coronation of King Vajiravudh 
November II, igio; Secretary of the Legation to Paraguay 
and Uruguay August ig, 191 1; Second Secretary of the 
Embassy at Constantinople February i, 1912. 

Tarrisse, Edwin— Born in Pennsylvania June 26, 1871; edu- 
cated in public schools; clerk in stock "broker's and rail- 
way offices and to a Member of the House of Representa- 
tives and a Senator; appointed clerk at $1,200 in the Inter- 
state Commerce Commission May 2g, 1890; resigned July 1, 
1895; appointed confidential clerk to the Chief of the Bu- 
reau of Indexes and Archives, Department of State, at 
$900, January 6, 1S96; clerk class one December 31, 1896; 
class two April 17, igoo; class three December i, igog; class 
one September i, 1910. 

Tassencourt, Charles— Born in France December 5, 1852; 
commission merchant; appointed Consular Agent at 
Amiens January 8, 1904. 

Taylor, Charles Douglas— Born in New York City in 1858; 
educated in public schools and military academy; supply- 
agent of railway company, 1883-1901; commission mer- 
chant since igoi; appointed Consular Agent at Guaymas 
October 11, 1006. 

Taylor, Charles Edward— British subject, born in Eng- 
land August 30, 1877; school-teacher and accountant; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul (and clerk) at Leeds October n, 
1906; Vice and Deputy Consul June 10, igog. 

Taylor, Eli— Born in New York City May 2, 1873; attended 
the New York public schools, high school, and commercial 
school; clerk in insurance office four years; reporter and 
advertising solicitor for New York Evening Post thirteen 
years; appointed Deputy Consul-General at Buenos Aires 
October 4, igio; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Buenos Aires June 18, 1913. 

Taylor, John R. M.— Born in the District of Columbia 
January 13, 1865; appointed a military cadet June 14,1885; 
second lieutenant Seventh Infantry June 12, 1889; first lieu- 
tenant Twenty-third Infantry August 27, 1896; graduated 
from the Infantryand Cavalry School in 1897; appointed 
captain Fourteenth Infantry July 17, 1899; major March 11, 
ign; assigned to duty as Military Attache at Constanti- 
nople April 20, igii. 

Taylor, Julian— Born in Washington, D. C, May 22, 1853; 
attended St. John's Academy, the Episcopal High School, 
and Blackburn's School, at Alexandria, Va,; graduate of 
University of Virginia (M. A.l, 1874; taught in Hanover 
(Va.) Academy, 1874-1876; took a partial law course in 
the University of Virginia, 1876; admitted to the bar in 
1877; admitted to the New Orleans bar in 1878; studied 
abroad; instructor in modern languages. University of 
Virginia, 18S1-1885; appointed clerk class one in the De- 
partment of State, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
July I, 18S5; permanently at same .salary December 31, 
1S85; class four October i, 1887. 

Taylor, SamuelM.— Born in Ohio July, 1856; home, I'rbana, 
Ohio; graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1882 
and the Cincinnati Law School in 1884; served in the Ohio 
General Assembly, 1887-1891; secretary of state of Ohio, 
i8g2-i897; practiced law; appointed Consul at Glasgow 
July 27, 1897; Consul-General at Callao June 22, 1906; Con- 
sul at Nottingham May 2, igio. 

Teichmann, William C— Born in St. Louis, Mo., December 
30, i8sg: attended private school, Washington LTniversity 
(St. Louis), the Polytechnic College at Brunswick (Ger- 
many), the universities of Berlin, Leipzig, and Munich, 
and graduated from the latter; engaged in literary work 
and became a correspondent and editorial writer for 
American and German-.American newspapers; teacher in 
St. Louis; city chemist of St. Louis, i8g3-igo3; appointed, 
after examination (June 26, 1006), Consul at Eibenstock 
June 28, igo6; Consul at Colombo June 10, igo8; Consul at 
Stettin February 20, 1909; Consul at Mannheim April 9, 1912. 



io6 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Tennant, Henry Fry — Born in Mayville, N, Y., March s, 
1886; home, Buffalo, N. Y.; is a graduate of Cornell Uni- 
versity (LL. B.); was a bond salesman in New York City; 
practiced law in Buffalo; served as clerk in the Legation at 
Lisbon, 1910-11; appointed, after examination (May 27, 
1912), Third Secretary of Embassy at Mexico City August 
22, 1Q12; Second Secretary of the Kmbassy at Mexico City 
March i, 1913; Secretary of the Legation at Caracas August 
2, 1913- 

Tennant, Robert A. British subject, born in Scotland, 1867; 
steamship agent; apiiointed Consular Agent at Galway 
May 4, rgoi. 

Tenney, Raymond Parker- Born in China September 13, 
1887, of American parents; educated in China, California, 
Paris, Ohio, New York, at Harvard University three 
years, and Harvard University law school one year; ap- 
pointed, after examination ( May 5, igorj). Student Interpre- 
ter in Cliina June2, 1909; VMceand Deputy Consul-General 
at Tientsin September 6, 1911; also Interpreter October 20, 
1911; Vice and Deputy Consul-General and Interpreter at 
Canton November 22, 1912; Assistant Chine-;e Secretary to 
the Legation at Peking September 11, 1913. 

Terres, John B.— Born in Charlotte, N. C, September 25, 
1847; attended private school, and graduated from Rich- 
mond Medical College in 1866; practiced medicine; ap- 
pointed Vice-Consul-General at Port au Prince July 20, 
1880; resigned January 30, 1S85, to take effect March 4, 
1885; reappointed October i, 1885; appointed Consul May 
5, 1904. 

Tbackara, Alexander M.— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Sep- 
tember 24, 1848; graduated from the United Slates Naval 
Academy in 1869; resigned from the naval service in 1882 
to take charge of manufacturing business; appointed Con- 
sul at Havre April i, 1897; Consul-General at Berlin March 
13, 1905; Consul-General at Paris September 18, 1913. 

Thayer, Alexander— Born in Cambridge, Mass., June 18, 
1865; educated in public schools and at Harvard Univer- 
sity; clerk in Trieste Consulate, 1901-2; appointed Deputy 
Consul at Trieste Januarys, 1901; Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Venice September 5, 1902. 

Theriot, Shelby Joseph— Born in Liberty, Tex , September 
17, 1874; educated in the public schools and St. Mary's 
College, San Antonio, Tex.; druggist; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Nuevo Laredo June 10, 191 1. 

Thomas, John William— British subject, born in England 
April 7, 1879; clerk in Manchester Consulate since 1893; 
appointed Deputy Consul at Manchester April 13, 1901; 
Vice-Consul June 12, 1905; Vice and Deputy Consul De- 
cember 12, 1907. 

Thompson, Lewis Christian Born in Norfolk, Va., July 19, 
1885; attended private school four years and Norfolk 
Academy three years; clerk for paper companies in Nor- 
folk four years; traveling salesman; clerk and office man 
for stationery company in Lynchburg; appointed Vice 
and Deputy Consul at St. John, N. B., June 13, 1912. 

Thompson, Robert J.— Born in La Porte City, Iowa, Octo- 
ber 15, 1865; educated in the La Porte City high schools; 
studied law two years, taught for two years; railway postal 
clerk six years; editor of the Chicago Times one year; sec- 
retary of the Illinois State Commission to the Tennessee 
Centennial; secretary of the Civic Federation, Chicago, 
one year; secretary of the Lafayette Memorial Commis- 
sion, 1898; commissioner to present first Lafayette coin to 
the President of France, 1900; engaged in manufacturing; 
became president and manager of the National Recording 
Safe Co.; appointed, after examination (June 16, igo6), 
Consulat Hanover June 29, 1906; Consul at Shefiield August 
22, 1912. 

Thompson, Thomas Percivale— Born on Staten Island, N. Y., 
June 13, 1887; educated at Columbia Institute, New York, 
French Mission School, Nagasaki, Japan, and Seattle, 
Wash., high school; traveling salesman and in publishing 
business in China, 1905-1909; representative of a London 
house in Siberia, 1909-10; appointed Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul and also Marshal at Foochow January 21, 1911. 

Thomson, Alfred Ray— Born in Linden, Md., January 16, 
1889; attended the public schools of Maryland and District 
of Columbia and spent two years in George Washington 
University; assistant observer and clerk in United States 
Weather Bureau, 1907-1911; home. Silver Spring, Md.; 
appointed, after examination (January 30, igii), Consular 
Assistant March 10, 1911; Deputy Consul-General at Ber- 
lin February 21, 1912. 



Thomson, Thaddeus Austin — Born in Burleson CoOnty, Tex., 
January 17, 1853: home, Austin, Tex.; educated in public 
schools, Salado College, and Texas Military Institute; 
planter and ranch owner and engaged in locating public 
lands; admitted to the Texas bar in 1883; appointed Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Colombia 
June 10, 1913. 

Tilford, James Ross — Born in New York City January 10, 
1892; attended the public and high schools of VVashington, 
D. C.; graduate of Georgetown University (LL. B.), 1913; 
member of the bar of the District of Columbia; stenogra- 
pher in lawyer's office, Washington, D. C, 1908-1910; sec- 
retary to the president of George Washington University, 
March to July, 1910; stenographer and clerk in various 
Departments of the Government, 1910-1912 ; appointed 
confidential clerk to the Assistant Secretary of State April 

5, 1912; clerk class one, under the provisions of Executive 
order of December i, 1910, August 8, 1912. 

Tito, Michael A.— Born in New Orleans, La., December i, 
1882; attended the German Parochial School and gradu- 
ated from St. Aloysius College (M. A.), 1900; assistant 
bookkeeper two years; clerk and stenographer for rail- 
road company in New Orleans four years; appointed clerk 
in the Post Office Department December 16, 1900; secre- 
tary to the assistant postmaster at New Orleans February 

6, 1911; United States Despatch Agent at New Orleans 
March 20, igii. 

Tittmann, Alfred 0. — Born in St. Louis, Mo., July 27, 1874; 
attended the Real Gymnasium, Karlsruhe, eight years; 
Polytechnic Institute, Karlsruhe, three years; Leipzig Uni- 
versity one year; and Gottingen University one-half year; 
merchant, 1898-gg; rancher of angora goats in New Mex- 
ico, 1900-1906; employed by a development company in 
Mexico, 1907; held various clerical positions, igoS-igio; ap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Mannheim November 
17, igio; Vice and Deputy Consul at Bergen January 9, 
1912. 

Tonner, John A. — Born in Canton, Ohio, October 8, 1867; 
appointed confidential clerk in the Department of State 
for thirty days at |i,2oo, on probation, June 21, 1897; per- 
manently at same salary July 23, 1897; at $1,600 April i, 
igoi; resigned November r, 1905; reappointed clerk class 
three July 2, 1906, under the provisions of legislative act 
approved June 22, 1906; appointed clerk class four June 
I, igog; Chief, Bureau of Rolls and Library, November 30, 
igoy. 

Tono, Luis — Spanish subject, born in Denia in 1838; ship- 
ping agent; appointed Consular Agent at Denia Novem- 
ber 2, 1906. 

Totten, Ralph James— Born in Nashville, Tenn., October 

I, iSSo; attended the Montgomery Bell Academy, Nash- 
ville, eight years, and business college; employed in the 
Southern Express Co. and the Plant Railway Sys- 
tem at Tampa, Fla.; assistant bookkeeper and assistant 
manager and head of department in various Nashville 
business firms, 1899-1907; appointed, after examination 
(November 20, 1907), Consul at Puerto Plata June 10, 1908; 
Consul at Maracaibo March 7, igio ; Consul at Trieste 
August 23, igii; Consul at Montevideo September 18, 1913. 

Toulotte, Berfin Francis Born in Washington, D. C, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1887; graduate of Mt. St. Joseph's College of Bal- 
timore, 1Q05; clerk in telephone company, 1905-1907; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Navy Department, under Civil Service 
rules, July 3, 1907; transferred to the Department of State 
as clerk at $900 November 17, 1910; retired November i, 
1911; reinstated as clerk at $900 January 26, 1Q12. 

Tovell, David Stewart — British subject, born in Canada 
March 10, 1882; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Toronto December 6, 1904. 

Tracy, Seth Elliott— Born in Houston, Tex., January 8, 1867; 
attended private and public schools at Houston, prepara- 
tory department of Ripon College. Wisconsin; Spencerian 
Business College, Washington, D. C; graduated from 
George Washington University law school in 1894; post- 
graduate course in 1895; employed by the Galveston, Hous- 
ton & San Antonio Raihvay Co.; assistant city attorney 
and practicing attorney at Houston; appointed clerk 
class one in the Adjutant-General's Office, War Depart- 
ment, November 26, 1888; class two. Record and Pen- 
sion Division, War Department, July 11, 1890; class three 
January 13, 1892; resigned October 7, 189s; appointed 
clerk in the Department of State at $t,ooo, temporarily, 
January 7, igog; clerk at $1,000, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, June 23, igog; permanently at same salary 
December 23, 1909; class one July i, 1910; class two August 
22, 1912; class three August i, 1913. 



BIOGRArillCAL STATEMENT. 



107 



Tredwell, Roger Culver— Born ia Brooklyn, N. V., January 
ij, 1885; graduate of St. Paul's School and of Yale Uni- 
versity,' 1907; attended university at (irenoble, France, 
1908; in business in Blooniington, Ind., 1907 iqo8, and in 
New York, igoS-g; appointed, after examination (Novem- 
ber 10, igo8). Consular Assistant April 14, lyog; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Yokohama May 16, 1910; Dep- 
uty Consul-General at Loudon August u, 1911; Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Burslem September S, igii; in charge 
September, igii, to March, 1912; reappointed Deputy Con- 
sul-General at London May 21, igia; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Dresden May 31, igi2; assigned 
to duty at the Consulate-General at London July 27, 1912; 
assigned to duty in the Department of State October i.|, 
1912"; appointed Consul at Bristol September 29, 1913. 

Trigueros, Enrique— Spanish subject, born in Madrid Au- 
gust 14, 1879; appointed clerk in the American Legation 
at Madrid in i8q6. 

Trimmer, Edwin W.— Born in Rochester, N. Y., May 20, 

1851; public-school education; guide in United States Capi- 
tol for ten years; appointed Consular Agent at Bkiefields 
February 0, 1903; Vice-Commercial Agent at Cape (ira- 
cias & Dios August 4, 1904; Vice-Commercial Agent at Port 
Deitrick January 13, 1905; Vice-Consul at Cape Gracias a 
Dios (Port Deitrick) June 8, 1905; Consul June 21, 1905; 
Consul at Niagara Falls August ig, 191 1. 

Troughton, Albert S.— British subject, born in Spain March 
3, 1872; clerk at the United States Consulate at Malaga 
since 1888; appointed Deputy Consul at Malaga January 5, 
1903. 

Trout, William A.— Born in La Salle County, 111., January 
20, 1870; high-school graduate; electrical and mechanical 
engineer; appointed Consular Agent at Santa Marta Au- 
gust 10, igoo. 

Troxel, Orlando C— Born November 23, 1875; appointed a 
military cadet June ig, 1897; second lieutenant Tenth Cav- 
alry February 18, igoi; first lieutenant Fourteenth Cavalry 
November 28', 1905; transferred to the Tenth Cavalry De- 
cember II, 1905; assigned to duty as Attache at Tokyo 
March 25, 1911. 

Tuck, S. Pinkney — Graduate of Dartmouth College, 1913; 
appointed Deputy Consul at Alexandria, Egypt, Septem- 
ber II, 1913. 

Turnbull, James A.— British subject, born in Malta Oc- 
tober 31, 1868; banker and merchant; appointed Vicfe and 
Deputy Consul at Malta August 8, 1906. 

Underwood, Wilbur Walker St. John— Born in Washington, 
D. C, May 29, 1876; educated in public schools of Wash- 
ington and the Columbian L'niversity; appointed clerk in 
the Department of State at $goo, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, October 4, 1899; permanently at same salary 
April 4, 1900; at $1,000 July i, igoi; class one July i, 1902; 
class two March 4, 1907. 

Vachon, Marin— French citizen, born in Lyon, France, 
October 3, 1877; clerk in the Consulate at Lyon since i8g3; 
appointed Deputy Consul at Lyon November 17, igii. 

Valencia, Isidoro— Citizen of Ecuador, born in Quito, April 
15, 1878; employed as clerk and accountant by the Ecua- 
dorian Government prior to entering the American Lega- 
tion; appointed clerk in the American Legation at Quito 
December 4, 1901. 

Valentine, Louis F.— Born in San Juancito, Honduras, of 
American parents September 15, 1886; attended Peekskill 
Military Academy one year; St. Paul's School, Garden City, 
one year; Barnard School, New York City, three years; and 
took a six months' course in mining at Columbia College; 
general agent for mining company at Honduras; appointed 
Consular Agent at San Juancito October 7, 1910; retired 
January, 1912; reappointed September 5, 1912. 

Vandory, Louis— Hungarian subject, born in Roumania 
June 26, 18S2; clerk in Consulate at Cologne since 1905; 
appointed Deputy Consul December g, 1909. 

Van Dyke, Henry— Born in Germantown, Pa., November 10, 
1852; home, Princeton, N. J.; gradviateof Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Brooklyn, i86g; Princeton, A. B. (1873), A. M. (18761; 
Princeton Theological Seminary (1877 1, University of Berlin 
(1879); D. D., Princeton (1884), Harvard (1894J, Yale (1896); 
LL. D., LInion (1898), Washington and Jefferson (1902), 
Wesleyan (1903), Pennsylvania (1906), Geneva, Switzerland, 
(igog); pastor United Congregational Church, Newport, 



i87g 1882; Brick Presbyterian Church, New York, 1883-1900, 
igo->, igii; professor English literature, Princeton, 1900-1913; 
trustee Princeton; American lecturer University of Paris, 
igo8 9; moderator General Assembly Presbyterian Church 
United States, 1902-3; president Holland Society, igoo 1901; 
National Institute of Arts and Letters, igog-10; member 
American Academy of Arts and Letters; honorary fellow 
Royal Society Literature; poet, author, lecturer, and 
editor; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni 
potentiary to the Netherlands and Luxemburg June 27, 
1913- 

Van Dyne, Frederick— Born in Palmyra, N. Y., November 
24, 1861; attended Palmyra high school; graduated from 
Georgetown University, LL. B. (i8go), LL. M. (iSgi); 
taught at Palmyra in 1879; student in law office, 1881-1883; 
employed by the Lawyers' Publishing Co. of Roch- 
ester, 1883-1888; author of "Citizenship of the United 
States" (1904), "Van Dyne on Naturalization" 1 1907), and 
"Our Foreign Service" (1909); appointed clerk of class 
one in the War Department October 26, 1888; clerk class 
one in the Department of State April 27, 1891; class four 
May 6, 1893; Assistant Solicitor of the Department of State 
April 21, igoo, to take effect July i, 1900; retired 1906; re- 
appointed March 7, 1907: appointed Consul at Kingston, 
Jamaica. March 8, 1907; Assistant Solicitor in the Depart- 
ment of State June 22, igio, effective July i, igio; Tech- 
nical Delegate to represent the Government of the Llnited 
States in the Commission of Jurists, Rio de Janeiro, June, 
1912. 

Van Hee, Julius A. — Born in South Bend, Ind., January 26. 
187s; graduate of Marshalltown high school, 1891; attended 
the college of " Maison de Melle." Antwerp; appointed 
clerk in Ghent Consulate August j, i8g5; Vice-Consul at 
Ghent February 15, 1897; Vice and Deputy Consul Febru- 
ary I, igoo. 

Van Horn, John De Witt— Born in Fort Elliott, Tex., Janu- 
ary g, 1881; educated at the Sumner County high school, 
Wellington, Kans., and the Wentworth Military Academy, 
Lexington, Mo.; employed by the First National Bank, 
Clarendon, Tex., five and one-half years; auditor and 
cashier for construction company in Tuxtepec, Mexico, 
one and one-half years; appointed Deputy Consul-General 
at Mexico City December 21, igi2. 

Van Home, Thomas B. — Born in Franklin, Ohio, October g, 
1875; attended the public schools of Franklin eleven years, 
Denison University one year, and the University of Michi- 
gan three years; dentist; appointed Consul at Rosario 
June 30, igos; was detailed as Vice-Consul in charge of the 
Consulate at Montevideo June 10, 1908, to August 4, 1908; 
resigned as Consul at Rosario October i, 1909; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Rosario October 15, igio. 

Van Sant, Howard D. — Born in Camden, N. J., April 13, 
1865: educated at the State Model School, Trenton, N. J., 
and the public school at Toms River; engaged in real- 
estate business and conveyancing for fifteen years; was 
town councilman for three years, justice of the peace two 
years, mayor of Island Heights, N. J., for six years; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 15. 1905), Consul at 
Guelph January 11, 1905; Con.sul at Kingston, Ontario. 
September 15, 1905; Consul at Dunfermline January 11, 
1910. 

Verhelst, Lodewyk J.— Dutch subject, born in Curasao 
November 24, 1887; messenger and clerk in the Consulate 
at Puerto Cabello for two years; appointed Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul August 11, igog. 

Vestal, Franklin Earl — Born near Warsaw, 111., May ig, 
1S84; educated in country school, Hamilton high school, 
Keokuk high school. Gem City Business College; a grad- 
uate of State University of Iowa (B. A.), igi2; taught in 
country school near Hamilton, 111.; office assistant and 
instructor Miami Military Institute, Ohio, and employed 
as stenographer in Keokuk, Iowa, and Iowa City; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $goo, under 
Civil Service rules, June 7, 1912. 

Vezey, Harry Custis— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 
30, 1873: educated in public schoolsand Brown Preparatory- 
School, Philadelphia; stenographer; was private secretary 
to Ambassador to Russia, 1904-1907, and secretary to the 
American delegation to the Second Peace Conference at 
The Hague, 1907; importer of American goods into Rus- 
sia; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at St. Petersburg 
August 24, igo3. 

Villedrouln, St. Charles Born in Haiti December 10, 1873; 
naturalized in New York in i8g4; in business at Jeremie; 
appointed Consular Agent at Jeremie June 15, 1903. ' 



io8 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Vining, Frank W.- Born in Canada Marcli ii, 1882; naiu- 
ralized in New Jersey April 24, 1903; educated in the pub- 
lic schools of London, Canada; agent of New York firm at 
Zanzibar; appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at Zanzibar 
February 16, igog. 

Vital, Louis— Born in Jacmel, Haiti, February 13, 1880; 
naturalized October 23, igoo; educated in Paris, Hamburg, 
and Manchester; merchant; appointed Consular Agent at 
Jacmel February 6, 1904. 

Voetter, Thomas Wilson Born in Salem, Ohio, July 10, 
i86y; attended the Pittsburgh public and high schools; 
graduated from Cornell University in 1892; employed in 
electrical work, 1892-1894.; served in Pennsylvania naval 
militia, 1893-94; employed in iron foundry, 1894-95; in em- 
ploy of the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1895; in the Indian 
Service, igoi-igoy; appointed, after examination (July 7, 
igo7). Consul at Saltillo August 15, igoy; Consul at La 
Guaira August 19, igii. 

Vongehr, OtJo Ewald — Born in KiJnigsberg, (iermany, 
April 6, 1887; naturalized in San Francisco, Cal., Febrtr- 
ary 8, 1912; attended Heald's Business College, San Fran- 
cisco; employed as clerk in San Francisco three years; 
appointed Marshal at Tientsin December 14, 1912. 

Von Versen, Frederick— Born in Germany in 1847; natural- 
ized in Baltimore, 1873; educated in Germany; in shipping 
business, Baltimore, 1868-1886; clerk in Berlin Consulate- 
General, 1886-1889; insurance manager, Berlin, 1889-1894; 
appointed V^ice and Deputy Consul-General at Berlin 
March 24, 1887; retired March, 1889; appointed Deputy 
Consul-General December 5, 1894. 

Vopicka, Charles J. — Born in Dolni Hbity, Bohemia, No- 
vember 3, 1857; naturalized; home, Chicago, 111.; educated 
in common and Latin schools and business college in 
Prague; president and director of several banking and 
manufacturing concerns in Chicago; member Chicago 
Board of Education, igoi-ig^-; Chicago West Park Com- 



1094- 
4; Ci 



i9o2-igo4; Chicago Charter Convention, 1906; director, 
Illinois Manufacturers' Association, i9';g-T9i3; member 
executive committee Chicago Association of Commerce, 
1912; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria September 
II, 1913. 

Vroom, Charlie N. — British subject, born in New Bruns- 
wick, 1854; farmer and justice of the peace; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at St. Stephen August 26, 1895. 

Waddell, Peter H. — British subject, born in Scotland, 1870; 
lawyer; appointed Consular Agent at Troon March 5, 



Wade, Charles Lee— Born in Washington, D. C, September 
13, 1879; educated in public schools of Washington; ste- 
nographer and typewriter in railway office, i8g8-igoi; ap- 
pointed stenographer in the department of construction 
and repair, navy-yard, Washington, August 30, igoi; trans- 
ferred to the Department of State as clerk at $goo April g, 
igo7; appointed clerk class one October 5, igo7; class two 
January 3, igio. 

Wadsworth, Craig Wharton — Born in Philadelphia, Pa., 
January 12, 1872; educated at the Hill School and spent 
one year at Harvard; member of First United States Cav- 
alry in the Spanish-American War; on staff of governor of 
New York, iSgg-igoo; appointed Third Secretary of Em- 
bassy at London May 14, igo2; Second Secretary at London 
March 10, igos; resigned August 6, 1909; appointed, after 
examination (May 27, 1912), Secretary of Legation and 
Consul-General at Teheran August 22, 1912. 

Wakefield, Edgar Charles— Born in Gardiner, Me., April 25, 
1866; educated in public schools; dealer in wood in Gardi- 
ner; appointed Consular Agent at North Bay October i, 

igo6. 

Wakefield, Ernest A.— Born in Gardiner, Me., in 186S; 
public-school education; engaged in life-insurance busi- 
ness; appointed, after examination (January 26, 1898), 
Commercial Agent at Orillia January 27, 1898; Consul May 
21, 1900; Consul at Rangoon June 10, 1908; Consul at Port 
Elizabeth January 11, 1910. 

Walker, Edwin Palmer— Born June 4, 1837; enlisted August 
12, 1862, Company A, Eighty-ninth Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry; was private, corporal, sergeant, second lieutenant, 
first lieutenant, and captain in said company; placed on 
company's roll of honor for "gallant conduct " at battle 
of Stone River December 31, 1862; was in twenty-three of 



twenty-five battles of the regiment; wounded in left arm 
and side at the battle of Nashville December 16, 1864; bre- 
vetted major. United States Volunteers, "for faithful and 
meritorious services;" mustered out with regiment June 
10, 1865; appointed assistant messenger in the Department 
of State, under Civil Service rules, on probation, July 21, 
1902; permanently at same salary January 21, igo3. 

Wallace, Thomas Ross— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., October 
20, 1848; home, Atlantic, Iowa; attended public school and 
commercial college; served three terms as clerk of the dis- 
trict and circuit courts of Iowa; mayor of Atlantic three 
terms and alderman of same city several years; teacher; 
lawyer; appointed, after examination (July 5, 1901), Consul 
at Crefeld July 6, 1901; Consul at Jerusalem March 30, 
1907; Consul at Martinique June 24, igio. 

Wallace, William Bruce— Born in Atlantic, Iowa, Novem- 
ber 5, 1882; educated in public schools of Chicago, and 
seven months in Berlitz School of Crefeld ; clerk in Crefeld 
Consulate, igoi-1908; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Crefeld December 5, jgo3; Consular Agent at Markneu- 
kirchen June 18, 1908. 

Waller, jr., George Piatt- Born in Montgomery, Ala., Sep- 
tember 7, 1889; attended the public schools of Montgomery; 
Marion (Ala. I Institute two years; University of Virginia 
five years (B. A., M. A., and Ph. D.); appointed \'ice and 
Deputy Consul at Yarmouth February 18, 1913. 

Ward, Frank X.— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., October 4, 
1882; completed course at parochial school in Philadel- 
phia; graduate of Georgetown University 1 LL. B.), 1913; 
memlDer of the bar of the District of Columbia; employed 
in railroad ticket office, i896-g7, and in office of manufac- 
turing concern, i8g7-i9o5; appointed clerk in the Isthmian 
Canal Commission, under Civil Service rules, April 4, 
1905; transferred to the Department of State as clerk at 
$900 June 30, 1910; at $1,000 November 13, 1911. 

Ward, William Earl Dodge Born in Newton Centre, Mass., 
October 21, 1S84; attended the public schools of Massachu- 
setts and took a four years' course at Amherst (Mass.) Col- 
lege; clerk in treasurer's office of railroad company. New 
York, three years; treasurer and business agent of the 
American mission at Harput; appointed Vice and FJeputy 
Consul at Harput November 22, 1910. 

Wardrop, John Nimmo— British subject, born in England 
June 17, 1872; in shipping business; appointed Vice-Consul 
at Sandakan December 2, 1907; reappointed April 21, igog. 

Warner, Southard Parker— Born in Washington, D. C, Oc- 
tober 29, 1881; attended the Friends' Select School, Wash- 
ington, and Lawrenceville School, New Jersey; graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1903; appointed Consular 
Agent at Gera April 4, 1904; Consul at Leipzig August g, 
igo4; Consul at Bahia August 27, igog; Consul at Harbin 
August 22, igi2. 

Washburn, Duane E.— Born in Ashtabula, Ohio, May 6, 1887; 
educated in public school, high school, and business col- 
lege; employed as stenographer and clerk in railroad 
offices; appointed clerk in the Department of State, on 
probation, at $1,000 per annum September 11, igog; per- 
manently at same salary March 21, 1910; class one May i, 
igii; detailed for duty in connection with the delegation 
representing the Government of the United States in the 
Commission of Jurists, Rio de Janeiro, June, 1912. 

Washington, Horace Lee— Born in Washington, D. C, June 
4, 1864; educated at the Boston Latin School, Friends' 
College (Providence), and the University of Virginia; 
Fellow, Royal Geographical Society, 1912; engaged in 
the practice of law; appointed confidential clerk to the 
Third Assistant Secretary of State June 4, 1892; Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Cairo October i, 1894; Consul 
at Alexandretta October 30, i8g6; Consul at Valencia 
June 13, i8gg; Consul at Geneva October 31, 1900, to take 
effect January i, 1901; Consul-General at Cape Town 
March 18, 1905; Consul-General at Large May 18, 1906, to 
take effect July i, igoo; Consul-General at Marseille June 
10, igo8; Consul at Liverpool May 31, igog. 

Waters, Daniel J. — Born in Washington, D. C, July 25, 
iSgi; graduated from the Business High School, Washing- 
ton, and studied under private tutors; employed as type- 
writer by the official reporters of the Senate four years; 
employed by various Government Departments during the 
recesses of (Congress, 1910-11; financial aide to the treasurer 
general of Persia, ign; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Quebec October 17, 1912; Vice and Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral at Panama February 8, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



109 



Waters, David Stuart—Born in Washington, D. C, Marcli 
26, 1876; attended jfraded schools and St. John's College, 
Washington, two years; clerk in banking house two years; 
in theatrical business two years; newspaper correspondent" 
seven years; appointed stenographer and typewriter tem- 
porarily in the Department of State November 18, 1403; 
resigned September 13, 1905; appointed clerk at $900, on 
probation, under Civil Service rules, September 14, 1905; 
at $r,ooo September 15, 1905; clerk class one December 4, 
1Q05. 

Watson, Edward Marion -Born near Prairieton, Ind., Feb- 
ruary 3, i86j; educated in the public schools of Kansas; 
served in Company M, First Louisiana Volunteers, May i 
to October 3, 1898; salesman, 1888-89; engaged in business 
since 1906; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Frontera, 
Mexico, April 27, igio. 

Watson, Hubert— British subject, born in St. John's, New- 
foundland, October 28, 1883; manager of the San Pedro de 
Macoris branch of the Royal Bank of Canada; appointed 
Consular Agent at San Pedro de Macoris July 19, 1913. 

Watson, Hugh—British subject, born in England February 
17, 18S2; messenger in Consulate, Liverpool, 1809-1907; bag- 
gage inspector for steamship company; appointed Deputy 
Consul at Liverpool October 14, igog. 

Watson, Hugh Hammond— Born in Bradford, Vt., Novem- 
ber 10, 1885; home, Montpelier, Vt.; graduate of Univer- 
sity of Vermont, 1906; clerk in Three Rivers Consulate, 
19-J7-8; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Three Rivers 
December 28, 1907; Vice and Deputy Consul (and clerk) at 
Yarmouth May 2, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul at Belfast 
August 8, 1911. 

Watts, Ethelbert— Born in Philadelphia. Pa., February 25, 
1845; educated at the University of Pennsylvania and 
abroad; served as a private in the Union Army; was en- 
gaged in the manufacture of pig iron for several ye'ars; 
cashier of the Centennial Board of Finance, Philadelphia, 
1876; secretary and subsequently treasurer of the Invest- 
ment Co. of Philadelphia; appointed, after examination 
(March 7, 1896), Consul at Horgen March 25, i8g6; Vice 
and Deput5' Consul-General at Cairo May 5, 1897; Consul 
at Kingston, Jamaica, October 30, 1899; Consul at Prague 
October 25, igor; Consul-General at St. Petersburg Sep- 
tember 8, 1903; Consul-General at Brussels April 25, 1907. 

Webb, George — Born March 23, 1871; appointed laborer 
(unclassified) in the Bureau of Engraving and Printing 
August 3, 1903; transferred to the Department of State 
August 13, 1910. 

Webber, Bertram Arthur Shrapnel— British subject, born in 
Orillia, Ontario, October 8, 1875; engaged in insurance, 
real-estate, and customs brokerage business; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul at Orillia November 9, 1909. 

Webber, Wilfred Hill— Born in Franklin, Pa., February 
ig, 1S60; educated in the public schools of Pennsylvania; 
printer, reporter, and local editor for various newspapers 
in Pennsylvania and Arizona, 1873-1884; manager and part 
owner of plumbing and gas -fixture business in Los Angeles, 
Cal., 1884-1890; deputy sheriff, Los Angeles County, 1891-92; 
deputy tax collector, Los Angeles County, 1893-94; deputy- 
United States marshal for the southern district of California, 
1894-95; clerk in United States pension agency at San Fran- 
cisco, 1896-1903; inspector in the United States Immigration 
Service, Department of Commerce and Labor, 1903-1912; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Canton 
November 7, 1912. 

Weber, John Rodolfe — Citizen of Switzerland, born in Bre- 
tiege March 14,1859; bookkeeper and commercial traveler, 
1878-1887; interpreter and assistant clerk in the American 
Legation at Berne, 1887-1898; appointed clerk in the Ameri- 
can Legation at Berne April i, 1898. 

Weber, Laroy — Born in Buffalo, N. V., July 7, i8gi; edu- 
cated in the public and high schools of Buffalo; clerk in 
hotel, railroad, and business offices in Buffalo several years; 
clerk in the American Consulate at Glasgow since March, 
1913; appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul at Glasgow July 
19. 1913- 

Webster, Charles Ernest — British subject, born in Tasma- 
nia October 21, 1861; merchant; appointed Vice-Consul at 
Ho'Dart July 13, i8gq. 

Weddell, Alexander Wilbourne Born in Richmond, Va., 
April 6, 1876; home, Richmond; educated in private schools, 
Richmond high school, and George Washington Univer- 
sity; employed by various Richmond business concerns, 
1892-1904; private and acting first sergeant. Henrico Light 



Dragoons, Virginia State Militia; clerk. Library of Con- 
gress, 1904-1907; private secretary to the Minister to Den- 
mark and clerk in American Legation at Copenhagen, 
igoS-igio; appoHited, after examination (May 26, igog). 
Consul at Zanzibar January 11, 1910; Consul at Catania 

August 2J, 191J. 

Weiss, Samuel — Horn in Hungary May 18, 1873; natural- 
ized in New York October 19, 1894; attended elementary 
schools and gymnasium in Hungary ten years, and night 
school in New York one year; cashier of the Servian 
branch office of New York Life Insurance Co. since 1896; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Belgrade July 16, 
igog. 

Welsh, Charles Brelsford Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Janu- 
ary I, 1880; attended the public schools of Washington, 
D. C, and graduated from Washington Business High 
School, i8g7, and Georgetown University, law school 
(LL.B.), 1912; member of the bar of the District of Co- 
lumbia; clerk in real-estate and law office; appointed mes- 
senger at $360 in the Patent Office July i, 1898; trans- 
ferred as laborer (classified) to the Department of State 
.A-ugust I, 1900; appointed clerk at $goo March' 13, 1901; at 
|i,ooo January 22, 1904; class one June 15, 1904, to take 
effect July i, 1904; class two July 8, 1907; at $1,600 Novem- 
ber 30, 1909; at $r,8oo June 27, igii. 

Wendling, jr., George Reuben— Born in Bloomington, 111., 
March 9, 1883; attended Woodberry Forest high school, 
Lawrenceville School, Preston's University School, Prince- 
ton University one year, and University of Virginia two 
years; spent one summer on geological survey work; in 
insurance business in Baltimore and New York for several 
years; insurance agent in Argentina; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Buenos Aires November 3,1913. 

Wenger, Aloysius— Born in Switzerland April 3, 1868; natu- 
ralized in New Orleans August 18, i8g8; educated in Switz- 
erland. France, and JTnited States; studied law in Philadel- 
phia; graduate (Ph. D.) of Jesuit College of New Orleans; 
teacher in colleges South and East nine years; appointed 
clerk at $900 in the Bureau of Pensions July 26, igoo; at $1,000 
September 26, 1901; class one February 16, 1904; transferred 
to the Department of State as clerk class one October 7, 
igoy; appointed clerk class two November 30, 1908, to take 
effect January i, igog; at fi,6oo June 27, igii. 

Wenfworth, Margaret Harris— Born in Cincinnati, Ohio; 
graduate of St. Agnes School of Albany, N. Y.; language 
courses with private teachers and in Berlitz School; 
teacher in St. Faith's School of Saratoga, N. Y.; clerk in 
the Immigration Commission, March 2g to July 8, igog; ap- 
pointed clerk in the Department of State at $900, on pro- 
bation, under Civil Service rules, July 7, igog; perma- 
nently at same salary January 7, 1910; at $£,000 October 
II, igio; resigned October 16, igii; reinstated at $1,000 
June 7, 1912. 

West, Alfred Hamilton— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., April 27, 
1879; attended the Escuela Mixta and Colejio Hispano- 
Americano at Habana, Cuba, five years, Pratt's Institute, 
Brooklyn, three years, and Belleview Medical College one 
year; interpreter to the governor of Porto Rico, 1898; 
teacher of languages and English correspondent for Span- 
ish commercial houses ten years; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Valparaiso July 19, 1913. 

West, George N. — Born in Maine in 1847; public-school 
education; employed for twenty-five years in the Treasury 
Department; chief clerk of the steamboat-inspection serv- 
ice; clerk to the Senate Committee on Commerce; ap- 
pointed, after examination (March 29, 1897), Consul at 
Pictou April 14, 1897; Consul at Sydnej', Nova Scotia, July 
I, 1897; Consul-General at Vancouver June 10,1908; Consul 
at Kobe August 26, 1910. 

Westacott, Richard— Born in Boston, Mass., March 26, 1849; 
educated in public schools; in wholesale iron business 
thirty years, and general agent for the Old Colony Co. 
fifteen years: appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
at London May 24, 1897; appointed, after examination. 
Consular Clerk November 21, 1898; Consular Assistant July 
I, 1908. 

Westerberg, Joseph — Born in Sweden July 20, 1861; natu- 
ralized in Cook County, 111., 1888; attended the public 
schools of Sweden and studied under private tutors; 
graduated from the Kent College of Law, Chicago 
iLL. B.), 1895; editor of a Swedish newspaper two years; 
teacher in public evening schools of Chicago, 1890-1892; 
clerk in a law office, 1893-1895; admitted to the bar of Illi- 
nois in i8g;and practiced law in Chicago, 1895-1913; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Malmil, Sweden, September 
24, 1913. 



I lO 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Wheeler, Post -Born in Owego, N. Y., August 6. 1869; 
educated at Rugby and a graduate of the William 
Penn Charter School and of Princeton University, A. B. 
(1891), Litt. D. (1893); instructor in English, Princeton Uni- 
versity; took course medical department, University of 
Pennsylvania, and post-graduate course at the Sorbonne, 
Paris, 1894-95; correspondent in Paris and Morocco of the 
Westminster Gazette and the New York Evening Post; 
editor. New York Press, i8g6 1900; engaged in mining in 
Alaska and Washington two years; author of a university 
text-book and several volumes of critiques and poems; col- 
onel and judge advocate general on staff of the gov-ernor 
of Washington; appointed, after examination. Second Sec- 
retary of the Embassy to Japan July 21, igo6; Secretary of 
the Embassy at St. Petersburg December 21, 1909; Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Rome February i, 1912. 

White, Elmer John— Born in Cambridge, Ohio, November 
28, 1859; educated in Muskingum College, New Concord, 
Ohio; employed in the Railway Mail Service eighteen 
months; teacher; owner and editor of newspapers in 
Florida, Ohio, Washington, and Yukon Territory; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at White Horse, Yukon Territorj', 
April 7, 1911. 

White, Jay — Born in Lapeer, Mich., January i, 1869; edu- 
cated in the public schools of Lapeer, at Pennsylvania 
Military College, and at Julien's (Paris); engaged in the 
lumber business and banking; appointed Consular Agent 
at Lucerne March 30, 1899; Consul at Hanover October 
i6, 1899; Consul-General at Bogota June 22, 1906; Consul 
at Santos August 27, 1909. 

White, Richard Drace— Born in Missouri April 30, 1877; ap- 
pointed naval cadet from Missouri May 20, 1895; ensign 
January 28, 1901; lieutenant (junior grade) January 28, 
1904; lieutenant September 30, 1904; lieutenant commander 
March 4, 1911; assigned to duty as Naval Attache at Rome, 
Italy, and Vienna, Austria, April 24, 1912. 

White, Ronald Francis— British subject, born in Canada 
March 7, 1870; railway agent; appointed Consular Agent at 
Waubaushene May 20. 1898; Consular Agent at Midland 
October 16, 1900; retired December, igor; reappointed 
October 14, 1907. 

Whitehouse, Edward L. — Born in Augusta, Me., August 21, 
1853; appointed Consular Clerk March 5, 1890; clerk in 
the Department of State at $1,000, on probation, under 
Civil Service rules, June 19, 1891; permanently at same 
salary December 31, 1891; class one April i, 1892; class four 
November 4, 1895. 

Whitehouse, Sheldon— Born in New York City February 5, 
1883; educated at Farnborough School and Eton College, 
England, and at Yale L^niversity and New York Law 
School; served as private secretary to the Ambassador to 
Great Britain one year; appointed, after examination (May 
17, 1909), Secretary of the Legation at Caracas August 4, 
1909: was Charg^ there for a year; Second Secretary of the 
Embassy at Paris March 2, 1911 ; detailed to Embassy at 
Constantinople October-December, 1911. 

Whiting, John D. — Born in Jerusalem of American parents 
June ID, 1882; private education in Jerusalem and America; 
merchant; also engaged in making collections for Amer- 
ican museums; appointed Deputy Consul at Jerusalem 
November 6, 1908. 

Whitlock,Guy — Born in Minnesota May 8, 1879; appointed 
naval cadet from Minnesota May 20, 1897; ensign June 7, 
1903; lieutenant (junior grade) June 7, 1906; lieutenant 
June 7, 1906; assigned to duty as Naval Attache at Buenos 
Aires March 7, 1913. 

Whitman, William— British subject, born in London July 
18,1858; express agent; appointed Consular Agent at Bou- 
logne-sur-mer October 21, 1903. 

Whitney, Clinton Raymond— Born in Washington, D. C, 
August 6, 1882; attended the public schools of Washington; 
Georgetown Law School two years; invoice clerk in Bridge- 
port, Conn., 1900-1908; stenographer, typewriter, and stock 
clerk in Washington, i9'i8-9; appointed clerk in the De- 
partment of State at $300, on probation, under Civil 
Service rules, July 17, 1909; permanently at same salary 
January 17, 1910; at f 1,000 December 31, 1910, to be effective 
January i, 1911; class one April i, 1911. 

Whyte, Arthur Edward- British subject, born in HoUytown, 
Scotland, September 22, 1870; public accountant; secretary, 
company manager, and director of five public companies 
in Wellington, New Zealand; appointed Consular Agent 
at Wellington August 4, 1913. 



Wicker, Cyrus French— Born in Marquette, Mich., October 
7, 1882; home. New York City; attended Berkeley School 
and St. Paul's School, and Columbia University for one 
year; graduate of Yale University, A. B. (1905), and New 
York Law School, LL. B. (1907); Rhodes Scholarat Balliol 
College, Oxford, B. C. L. (igio), M. A. Yale (1910); clerk of 
the revisions committee of the Legislature of New York and 
secretary to an assemblyman, 1907; served as private secre- 
tary to the Ambassador to Germany; member of the bars of 
New York and Connecticut; appointed, after examination 
(August 21, iqo8), Secretary of the Legation at Tangier 
June 24, 1910; member of the Board of Public Works for 
the Empire of Morocco, 1910-1912; on special duty in the 
Department of State, 1912-13; detailed for special duty in 
connection with the Twelfth International Congress of 
Navigation at Philadelphia, May-June, 1912; appointed 
Secretary of the Legation at Panama March i, 1913. 

Wiese, Qustav— German subject, born December i, 1857; 
independent business man; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Breslau December 12, 1912. 

Wilber, David F.— Born in Milford, N. Y., December 7, 
1859; attended public school at Milford and graduated 
from Cazenovia (N. Y.) Seminary, 1879; engaged with 
his father and brother in the hop business in Otsego 
County, N. Y., 1879-1890; engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits, breeding of cattle, and the real-estate business, 
1890-1895; member of the board of supervisors of Otsego 
County two terms; appointed member of the New York 
State Commission to investigate tuberculosis in cattle in 
1893; Representative from the twenty-first New York con- 
gressional district in the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Con- 
gresses; engaged in the wholesale tea, coffee, and spice 
business; appointed, after examination (June 26, 1903), 
Consul at Barbados June 29, 1903; Consul-General at 
Singapore February 10, 1905; Consul-General at Halifax 
March 30, 1907; Consul at Kob^ August 27, 1909; Consul- 
General at Vancouver August 26, 1910; Consul-General at 
Zurich September 18, 1913. 

Wilcox, Henry Tabor— Born in Asheville, N. C, April 5, 
1888; attended Vineland (N.J.) high school three and one- 
half years; took courses in banking and finance and bank- 
ing and commercial law at the American Institute of 
Banking; employed in various capacities by the Vineland 
Trust Co., 1907-1912; appointed Consular Agent at Port 
Maria June 13, 191?. 

Wilder, Amos Parker — Born in Calias, Me., February 15, 
1862; home, Madison, Wis.; attended the Augusta (Me.) 
public and high schools; graduated from Yale; was con- 
nected with the Wisconsin State Journal for nearly twelve 
years; became president and editor in chief; appointed 
Consul-General at Hongkong March 7, 1906; Consul- 
General at Shanghai May 17, 1909. 

Wilkinson, James W.— British subject, born in Turkey Sep- 
tember 6, 1868; accountant and antimony merchant; ap- 
pointed Deputy Consul at Smyrna June 26, 1902; resigned 
May 29, 1905; reappointed September 15, 1906; appointed 
Deputy Consul-General July i, 1908. 

Willard, Albert W.— Born in Portland, Me., C)ctober 2, 
1875; educated in public schools of Portland, and a course 
in stenography, typewriting, and bookkeeping; stenog- 
rapherand cashier for a powder company in several towns, 
1895-1908; appointed clerk in the Department of State at 
$900, on probation, under Civil Service rules, July 7, 1908; 
permanently at same salary January 7, 1909; at $1,000 June 
1, 1909; class one December 20, 1909. 

Willard, Joseph Edward— Born in Washington, D. C, May 
I, 1865; home, Richmond, Va.; graduate of V'irgin.a Mili- 
tary Institute, and studied law, LTniversity of Virginia; 
captain Third Virginia Regiment, United States Volun- 
teers, in the Spanish-American war; member Virginia 
house of representatives, 1891-1902; lieutenant governor 
of Virginia, 1902-1906; corporation commissioner of Vir- 
ginia, 1956-1910; president Virginia Hotel Co. and of 
Washington & Jefferson Realty Corporation of Rich- 
mond; appointed Envoy Extraordinaryand Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Spain July 28, 1913; Ambassador Extraordi- 
nary and Plenipotentiary to Spain September lo, 1913. 

Williams, Charles Henry— Born in Tientsin, China, June 7, 

1882; educated in schoolsat Shanghai; with Tientsin firms, 
1897-1899; in Chinese post office, 1899-1900; Chinese inter- 
preter to German forces, 1900-1901; customs service at 
Manila, 1902; with Singer Manufacturing Co. in Tien- 
tsin, 1903-1906; in Africa for a year as a labor overseer; 
traveling, 1907-8, and engaged in brokerage business; ap- 
pointed Marshal at Tientsin December 21, 1908, and also 
Deputy Consul-General August 24, 1910; appointed Marshal 
at Chefoo July i8, 1912; appointed also Deputy Consul 
September 5, 1912; Marshal at Shanghai February i, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



I I I 



Williams, Charles Louis Loos— Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
May 20, 18S7; higii-school graduate; appointed, after ex- 
amination (F<;bruary 20, 1903), Student Interpreter in Cliina 
March 17, 1903; Deputy Consul-General at Sliangliai July 7, 
1906; retired as Deputy Consul-Cieneral at Shanghai Janu- 
ary, 1907; appointed \'ice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Cliefoo September 25, 1907; Interpreter Septcniber26, 1907; 
Vice and Deputy Consul and reappointed Interpreter July 
I, 1908; appointed V'ice and Deputy Consul and also Inter- 
preter at Newchvvang July 6, 1909; Consul at Swatow June 
24, 1910. 

Williams, Charles Wesley Born in Washington, D. C, 
January 18, 1S82; attended public schools in Washington; 
graduated from the Central High School; attended Lehigh 
University two years and business college one year; em- 
ployed at the Bethlehem Steel Works; appointed classified 
laborer in the Medical Department, United States Army, 
Washington, D. C, January 7, 1904; resigned July 3, 1906; 
appointed special laborer (clerk) in the United States Na- 
val Academy, Annapolis, Md.,July 5, iqo6; resigned March 
10, 1907; appointed clerk in the Department of State at 
$)oo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, March 11, 
1907; at $1,000 March 28, 1907; class one October 5, 1907; 
class two December 31, 1910, to be effective January i, 
igii. 

Williams, Edward Thomas— Born in Columbus. Ohio, Octo- 
beri7,i854; attended public schools of Columbus and grad- 
uated from the high school in 1872; graduated from Bethany 
College, West Virginia; entered the ministry; became 
missionary in China; was translator at the Kiangnan Ar- 
senal at Shanghai; appointed Interpreter to the Consulate 
at Shanghai November 25, 1896; Vice-Consul-General at 
Shanghai October 27, 1897; resigned November i, 1898; 
appointed Chinese Secretary to the Legation at Peking 
February 23, igoi; Consul-General at Tientsin March 10, 
iqo8; Assistant Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Af- 
fairs in the Department of State August 31, 1909; Secretary 
of the Legation at Peking July 6, ion; also Chinese Sec- 
retary February 28, 1912; retired as Chinese Secretary Sep- 
tember II, 1913. 

Williams, Walter Johnstone — British subject, born in Can- 
ada September 28, 1874; dentist; appointed Vice and Dep- 
uty Consul at Tahiti October 18, 1909. 

Williamson, Adolph Ancrum— Born in Washington, D. C, 
April 28, 1883; graduate (1901) of Western Higfi School and 
Business High .School (1902), Washington; in a real-estate 
office three years; physic.il instructor, Y. M. C. A., one 
and a half years; newspaper correspondent; sergeant in 
the District of Columbia National Guard; appointed, af- 
ter e.\amination (October i, iqab). Student Interpreter in 
Japan October 8, 1906; Vice and Deputy Consul at Dalny 
December 10, iqo8; Consul at .Antung August 19, 1911; 
Consul at Tansui September 18, 1913. 

Willrich, Qebhard— Born in Germany May 27. 1853; natu- 
ralized in St. Louis. Mo.. October 27, 1S76; home, Milwau- 
kee, Wis.; educated at the country school at Gilton, Han- 
over, Germany, and the Latin schools at Oldenburg and 
Kiel; member of Minnesota State Legislature, 1889-1891; 
member and president of the St. Paul (Minn.) school board, 
1892-1895; judge of probate, 1895-1899; practiced law, 1900- 
1002; vice president of a trust company, 1902; special 
agent for tlie examination of State institutions, 1902-3; 
appointed, after examination (September 26, 1905), Consul 
at St. John, New Brunswick, October 3, 1905; Consul at 
Quebec June 9, 1909. 

Wilse, Alexander Charles— Norwegian subject, born in 
Chrisiiania October ig, 1864; served in Light Battery F, 
Fourth Artillery. L'nited States Army, Januarv 4. 1889, to 
.April 3, 1892; manager of clothing store in Christiania, 
1904-1910; appointed clerk in the American Legation at 
Christiania December i, iqio. 

Wilson, Charles B. Q. — British subject, born in Peru Janu- 
ary 28. 1879; office manager for mercantile firm; appointed 
Consular Agent at Paita August i, 1908. 

Wilson, Charles ^tetson— Born in Bangor, Me., in 1875: 
graduate of Harvard L^niversily; appointed Secretary of 
the Legation to Greece, Roumania, and Servia March 7, 
1901: attended the coronation of King Peter of Servia at 
Belgrade September 21, 1904; appointed Secretary of the 
Legation to Greece and Montenegro and of the Diplomatic 
.Agency in Bulgaria March 10, 1005; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Habana July 18, igo6; Secretary of the Legation 
at Buenos Aires May 10, 1907; Second Secretary of the 
Embassy at Rome August 4, 1909; Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Rome December 15, 1910; Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at St. Petersburg February i, 1912. 



Wilson, jr., Daniel Allen Born in Owensboro, Ky., August 
17, 1884; public-scliool education; shipping cleric in manu- 
facturing establishment; bond merchant for four years; 
appointed Marshal of the United States Court for China 
December 20, 1909. 

Wilson, Hugh Robert— Born in Evanston. 111., January 29, 
18S5; home, Evanston; attended Hill School, Pottstown, 
Pa., four years; gradyated from Vale University (B. A.), 
1906; studied at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, 
Paris; traveled one year; employed in various capacities 
by a tirm of wholesale furnishers for men, in Chicago, 
three and one-half years; private secretary to the Ameri- 
can Minister to Portugal, ign; appointed, after examina- 
tion (December 4, 1911), Secretary of the Legation at 
Guatemala February i, 1912. 

Wilson, Ripley — Born in Chicago, 111., December 29, 1887; 
home, Chicago; attended University School, Chicago, nine 
years and Vale University two years; was employed, tem- 
porarily, as freight clerk by a railroad company and as 
engineer by a lignite company of Texas and in business 
office of Chicago Tribune nine months; clerk in the Con- 
sulate-General at London August, 1909, to January, 1910; 
appointed, after examination (July 7, 1908), Consular A.ssist- 
ant January 3, 1910; assigned to duty at the Consulate- 
(ieneral at London January 3, 1910; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Moscow June 12, 191 1; Consular 
Agent at Almeria April 30, 1912; Consular Agent at Kala- 
mata March 3, ic)i3. 

Winans, Charles Sumner — Born in Tyre, N. Y., January 25, 
1863; educated in the Chelsea public schools and Albion 
College; for several years wholesale and retail merchant 
and importer of American goods into Chile; president and 
business manager of Iquique English College six years; 
appointed Consul at Iquique May 21. 1900; Consul at 
Valencia March 30, 1907; Consul at Seville May 31, 1909. 

Winship, North— Born in Macon, Ga., December 31, 1885; 
home, Macon; attended the public schools of Macon and 
took special courses in George Washington University; 
graduated f'om Mercer University (B. L.), 1910; employed 
in various clerical positions, 1904-1907; secretary of manu- 
facturing plant, 1907-1910; admitted to the bar in Georgia 
June 8, 1910; appointed, after examination (May 26, 1909), 
Consul at Tahiti June 24, 1910; Consul at f)wen Sound July 
14, 1913. 

Winslow, Alfred A.— Born in Crown Point, Ind., in 1854; 
high-school and college education; served as assistant in- 
spector in the Bureau of Animal Industry; was treasurer 
of the city of Hammond, Ind.; journalist; appointed, after 
examination (June 28, 1898), Consul at Liege July 7, 1898; 
Consul-General at Guatemala City November 5, 1902; Con- 
sul at Valparaiso June 22, 1906. 

Winslow, Edward D. — Born in Chicago, 111., December 16, 

1859; attended the public schools of Chicago and gradu- 
ated from the law department of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity, Evanston, 111.; engaged in grain-export and stock 
and grain business in (Chicago; appointed Consul at Stock- 
holm July 28. 1897; Consul-General May 27, i8g8; Secre- 
tary of the Legation and Consul-General June 6, 1900; 
retired in 1901; appointed, after examination (November 
ID, igo8). Consul at Goteborg January 22, igog; Consul- 
General at Stockholm March 29, igog; Consul at Plauen 
December 14, igio; Consul-General at Copenhagen August 
19, loii; Charge d'Affaires <ui' /«/<•? /«.• at Copenhagen June 
6 to July 10, 1912. 

Wirth, jr., Frederick— Born in New York City February 25, 
1883; attended the public schools of New York eight years, 
Senftner Preparatory School, New York, two years, and 
New York Law School two years; studied international 
law at the l^niversity of Vienna; admitted to the bar in 
New York City. igo6; stenographer and law clerk in New 
York six years; practiced law one year; clerk in the Ameri- 
can Embassy at Vienna October, 1907, to June, 1910; ap- 
pointed cleric in the American Embassy at Constantinople 

August 23, IQIO. 

Wise, John Douglas— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 22, 
18S0; educated in schools in Washington, D. C, Rhode 
Island, and Virginia; newspaper reporter and writer; 
clerk in Bordeaux Consulate; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Bordeaux April 5, 1907. 

WIssa Bey, George— Egyptian subject, born in Assioot in 
1871; engaged in farming and commerce; appointed Con- 
sular Agent at Assioot June 25, 1903. 

WIswall, George Augustus— Born in Chicago, III.. Septem- 
ber 4, 1S75; attended grammar and high schools; employed 
in copper company for eight years; appointed Consular 
Agent at Cananea July 29, igog. 



I 12 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Woel, J. William— Born in Haiti February 22, 1862; natu- 
ralized; educated in France and England; merchant; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Gonaives September 8, 1899. 

Wolcott, Henry Merrill Born in Colchester, Vt., November 
8, 1879; graduate of Burlington high school and Burling- 
ton Business College; clerk United States naval station, 
San Juan, 1902 1904; clerk to post-office inspector. New 
York, 1904-5; business stenographer, 1905-6; appointed 
Vice and Deputy Consul (and clerk) at Santiago de Cuba 
June 9, 1906; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Mexico 
City May 14, 1912. 

Wood, Dean Ricbmond— Born in Oswego, N. Y., July 25, 
1868; educated in public schools; clerk in various business 
houses in the United States, Cuba, and Mexico thirteen 
years; with Isthmian Canal Commission, Panama, 1907-8; 
appointed Vice-Consul at Madrid December n, 1900; Con- 
sul at Ceiba March 26, 1903; resigned April 9, to take effect 
April 13, 1907; appointed Consular Agent at Nuevitas June 
25, 1908. 

Wood, John Quinby— Born in Bucksport, Me., June 24, 1867; 
graduate of Wesleyan University (A. B. ), 1890, and of Har- 
vard University (LL B.), 1900; an instructor in Oahu Col- 
lege, Honolulu, 1890-1893; commissioner of education of 
the Republic of Hawaii for one year; is a member of the 
bar of Massachusetts and Hawaii and practiced law in 
Hawaii until 1899; spent six years in Italy and France 
studying the languages and history of these countries and 
practicing international law; practiced law in New York 
and Boston, 1906-1908; attached to the Consulate at Milan 
since September, 1908; appointed Deputy Consul at Milan 
January 20, 1909; Vice and Deputy Consul April 17, 1909; 
appointed, after examination (April 7. igoSl, Consul at 
Venice January rz, igio; Consul at Tripoli August 2, 1910. 

Wood, Norton E. — Born December 26, 1876; private and 
corporal in Troop C, First Cavalry, May 15, igoo, to July 
15, 1901; appointed second lieutenant Artillery Corps Feb- 
ruary 2, igoi; graduated from the Artillery School in 1905; 
appointed first lieutenant March 3, 1906; assigned to First 
Field Artillery June 6, 1907; transferred to Sixth Field 
Artillery August 29, 190S; graduated from the Mounted 
Service School in 1908; appointed captain March 11, 1911; 
assigned to duty as Military Attache at Madrid May 17, 

Wooding, A. Russell— Born April 30, 1889; appointed la- 
borer in the correspondence division of the Isthmian Canal 
Commission at $660 per annum May 17, iqo5; transferred 
and appointed laborer in the Department of State at $600 
November 15, 1909; appointed Assistant Messenger May 7, 
1910. 

Woodward, George Carlton— Born near West Chester, Pa., 
December 7, 1874; educated in public schools and Pierce 
Business School; law clerk and stenographer in Alaska 
seven years; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul (and^lerk) 
at Dawson October 26, 1904; Vice and Deputy Consul- 
General at Vancouver .September 3, 1910. 

Wooldridge, Arthur Lee— Born in Harrisonville, Mo., Au- 
gust 6, 1878; educated in the public schools of Harrisonville; 
engaged in various branches of newspaper work since 
1898; appointed Consular Agent at Cookshire February 
20, 1913. 

Woolsey, Lester H.- Born in Stone Ridge, N. Y., August 
3, 1876; graduated from Harvard College (A. B ) and 
George Washington University law school iLL. B.); pur- 
sued graduate course for degree of Ph. D. at Harvard 
and George Washington University; author of various 
Government reports and professional papers on scientific 
and legal subjects; assistant geologist in United States 
Geological Survey; examiner. United States Land Office; 
transferred and appointed clerk class three in the Depart- 
ment of State September 16, 1909; law clerk April 18, iqn; 
designated as secretary of the American delegation to the 
International Fur Seal Conference which was convened 
in Washington June 30, 1911; appointed Assistant Solicitor 
in the Department of State August i, 1913. 

Wright, Herbert R.— Born in Marshalltown, Iowa, August 
15, 1871; educated in public schools of Marshalltown and 
the State University of Iowa (LL. B.); practiced law in 
Des Moines; owner and editor of Iowa Emancipator, 1904; 
appointed, after examination (June 14, 1905), Consul at 
Puerto Plata March 30, 1905; Consul at Utila June 15, 1905; 
Consul at Puerto Cabello January 13, 1909. 



Wright, Joshua Butler— Born in Irvington, N. Y., October 
18, 1877; home, Cody, Wyo.; attended Lawrenceville 
school and graduated from Princeton University (B. S.), 
1899; engaged in banking in New York City six years, and 
agriculture and stock raising in Wyoming two years; ap- 
pointed, after examination (May 17, 1909)," Secretary of the 
Legation at Tegucigalpa August4, 1909; Charge d'Affaires 
July 2 to September 9, 1911; appointed Secretary of the Lega- 
tion and Consul-General to Roumania,Servia,and Bulgaria 
February i, 1912, but did not go to post; assigned to special 
duty in the Department of State; appointed clerk at $i,qoo 
in the Department of State August 24, 1912, under the pro- 
visions of the Executive order of August 24, 1912; Secretary 
of the Legation at Brussels October 4, 1912; secretary of 
the American delegation to the Opium Conference at The 
Hague June 14, 1913; Secretary of the Embassy at Rio de 
Janeiro July 2, 1913. 

Wright, Maitland Schoolcraft— Born in Pope County, Minn., 
July 17, 1870; educated in public schools and normal school 
of Moorhead, Minn.; telegraph operator; appointed teleg- 
rapher in the Navy Department during the Spanish-Ameri- 
can War; transferred, under Civil Service rules, to the 
office of Superintendent State, War, and Navy Building 
June 23, 1899; transferred to the Department of State as 
clerk at I900 January 10, 1902; appointed at |r,ooo July i, 
1903; class one, temporarily, March 23, 1904; permanently 
at same salary June 15, 1904; class two March 4, 1907; class 
three October 21, 1910. 

Wright, Silas Haynes— Born in Rouses Point, N. Y., Au- 
giist It, 1859; graduate of Annapolis Naval Academy; 
mining engineer and mine director in Colombia since 1896; 
appointed Consular Agent at Medellin April 16, 1908. 

Wyvell, Manton Marble — Born in Scottsville, N. Y., May 2, 
1878; graduate of Wellsville (N. Y.) high school; won a 
scholarship at Cornell University (1897) and graduated 
from Cornell (A. B., 1901; LL. B.. 1903); admitted to the 
bar in 1903 and practiced law in New York City, 1904-1912; 
designated attorney by attorney general of New York in 
franchise-tax litigation; writer on current topics; ap- 
pointed private secretary to the Secretary of State March 
12, 1913. 

Yardley, Herbert 0. — Born in Worthington, Ind., April 13, 
1880; educated in the public schools of Worthington and 
Eaton Rapids, Mich; appointed clerk in the Department 
of State at Igoo, on probation, under Civil Service rules, 
December g, 1912. 

Yeffremovitch, Elie — Servian subject, born in Kragujevatz, 
Servia, July 20, 1885; clerk in the Royal Servian Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, 1908-1911; clerk in the American Con- 
sulate at Belgrade; appointed Deputy Consul at Belgrade 
September 16, 1913. 

Yerby, William James— Born in Phillips County, Ark., Sep- 
tember 22, 1867; home, Memphis, Tenn.; attended the Ten- 
nessee public schools and Le Moyne Institute; graduated 
from Roger Williams University and Meharry Medical 
College of Walden University; publisher for six years and 
practicing physician eight years; appointed, after exami- 
nation. Consul at Sierra Leone June 28, 1906. 

Yost, Hartley P. — Born in Switzerland September 30, 1877; 
father naturalized in 1888; educated in the public schools of 
Kansas and Washburn College; attended six sessions of 
Normal Institute; taught school intermittently, i8g6-igo5; 
in business one year; clerk of the district court of Osborne 
County, Kans., and part owner of the Osborne County 
News, 1906-1908; appointed, after examination (November 
20, 1907), Consular Assistant June 24, igo8; Deputy Consul- 
General at Paris April 20, rgog; Consular Agent at Almeria 
March 3, 1913. 

Young, Charles— Born March 12, 1864; graduated from the 
United States Military Academy August 31, i88g, and ap- 
pointed additional second lieutenant Tenth Cavalry; trans- 
ferred to Twenty-fifth Infantry October 4, 1889; second 
lieutenant October 4, 1889; transferred to Ninth Cavalry 
October 31, 1885; first lieutenant Seventh Cavalry Decem- 
ber 22, 1896; transferred to Ninth Cavalry October i, 1897; 
captain February 2, 1901; major August 28, 1912; served as 
major of the Ninth Ohio Colored Infantry from May 14, 
1898, to January 28, 1899; assigned to duty as Military 
Attach^ at Monrovia December n, 1911. 



BlOG R A V I nCA 1 , Sr ATKM KNT 



I I 



Young, Evan Erastus — Born in Kenton, Ohio, August 17, 
1878; attended Hiram College, Ohio, the South Dakota 
School of Mines, and graduated from the University of 
Wisconsin law school; three years' army service in the 
Philippines; appointed, after examination (August 10, 
1905), Consul at Harput August 12, 1905; Consul at Saloniki 
June 10, 1908; Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Af- 
fairs, Department of State, November 24, igog; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Ecuador July 
6, 1911; appointed in the Department of State and desig- 
nated as Koreign Trade Adviser September 4, igu; dele- 
gate on the part of the United States to the Fifth Inter- 
national Congress of Chambers of Commerce, Boston, 
September 24 to 28, igu; appointed Consul-General at 
Halifax June 5, 1913. 

Young.George William- Born in Sioux City, Iowa, Septem- 
ber 22, 1S86; educated in public schools of Washington, 
D. C, Army and Navy Preparatory School, and law de- 
partment of George Washington University; served as 
clerk in contractor's office ; clerk at navy-yard ; clerk in 
Bureau of Labor; home. North Chevy Chase, Md.; ap- 
pointed, after examination (January 30. 1911), Student In- 
terpreter in Turkey March 10, 1911; Deputy Consul-Gen- 
eral and Interpreter at Constantinople September 13, 1913. 

Young, James Barclay— Born in Washington, D. C, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1884; attended public schools ten years; gradu- 
ated from the William Penn Charter School (Philadelphia) 
and the University of Pennsylvania (B. S.); reporter for 
Washington, Philadelphia, and New York newspapers; 
private secretary to his father while the latter was in Con- 
gress; read law; appointed, after examination (July 7, 1908), 
Consular Assistant July ig, igoq; Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Milan September 8, igog; Deputy Consul-General at 
Berlin March 16, igii; Vice and Deputy Consul at Breslau 
April 28, igii; reappointed Deputy Consul-General at 
Berlin May 26, igii; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Genoa February ig, 1912; Viceand Deputy Consul at Milan 
July 22. 1913; reappointed Viceand Deputy Consul-General 
at (ienoa August 29, 1913. 

Young, Stephen Johnson— British subject, oorn in Canada 
April 7, 1858; barrister and solicitor; appointed Consular 
Agent at Trenton June 2, 1891. 

Young, Wallace J. — Born in VV'est Chester, Pa., August 
21, 1880; graduate of the high school of Washington, 
D. C; private secretary to several Members of the 
House of Representatives, Fifty-eighth and Fifty-ninth 
Congresses; appointed clerk in the Census Office at $goo 
July 5, 1900; promoted to $1,000 and $1,200: service discon- 
tinued July I. 1902; appointed clerk at $840 in the Civil 



Service Commission July 15, 1Q-3; at $900 October i, 1903; 
at $[.000 December i, 1904; at $1,200 July i, 1905; trans- 
ferred to the Department of State as clerk class one Feb- 
ruary 16, 1907; clerk to the Third Assistant Secretary of 
State, 1907 1909; appointed clerk class two October 31, 
1907; class three November 2, 1908; secretary of the'boards 
of examiners for the diplomatic and consular services 
May 17, igog; attached to the Agency of the United 
States in the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration 
before the Permanent Court at The Hague, 1910; ap- 
pointed clerk class four December 16, 1910; assistant sec- 
retary of the American Delegation to the Opium Con- 
ference at The Hague October 4, 1911; also special 
disbursing officer for the Department of State to the same 
delegation October 14, igii; reinstated as clerk class four 
in the Department of State February 7, 1912. 

Young, William P. — Born in York, Pa., July 13, 1873; 
educated at the York Collegiate Institute; employed in 
various clerical capacities by business firms in Philadel- 
phia, i889-igo2; bookkeeper and salesman, Merida, Yuca- 
tan, 1902-3; manager of steamship agency, Merida and 
Progreso, Yucatan, 1903-1909; agent of steamship com- 
pany at Progreso; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Progreso February 17, 1910. 

Zabriskie, Lutber Kimbell — Born in Preston, Conn., October 
10, 1879; attended the public schools of Connecticut, 
Worcester Academy four years, Yale College four years 
(A. B.), and Edinburgh University one year; member of 
the State Legislature of Connecticut, 1907-8; member of 
Connecticut Special School Commission, 1907-igog; member 
editorial staff Norwich Bulletin, igo7-igii; clerk in the 
Consulate-General at Callao, 1911-12; appointed Deputy 
Consul at Callao June 7, igi2; Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Callao July 5, 1913. 

Zinzen, Jean — Born in Belgium May 25, 1861; educated in 
Belgium; in Belgian Government servicein South Africa, 
1884-1886; since then an exporter and importer; appointed 
Consular Agent at Victoria, Brazil, March 29, 1890. 

Zoeller, Guillermo — Born in Boerne, Tex., April 26,1868; 
attended the public schools of Boerne; employed in various 
clerical positions, 1885-1894; customhouse broker, 1894- 
1897 ; clerk in customs agency of the Mexican Central Rail- 
road, 185)7-1906; customs agent, 1906-1907 ; member of a 
commercial firm in Ciudad Juarez, 1907-1910; appointed 
Viceand Deputy Consul at Ciudad Juarez October 4, igio. 

Zuber, Arnold — Citizen of Switzerland, born in Basel July 
17, 1885; clerk in the American Consulate at Basel since 
April, igo8; appointed V'ice and Deputy Consul at Basel 
October 11, 1913. 



114 



niOC.RAl'HICAL STATEMENT 



XVII.— BIOORAPHICAI. STATE^IE:VT OF DIPLOMATIC OFFICERS A!>JI> COI>fStri.S- 
GEIVERAE. CO!\'SUI.S, COIVSl'EAR ASSISTANTS, IIMTERPRETERS. AISH STUI>EI>JT 
II^TERPRETERS WHO HAVE HIED OR RETIRED FROI*I THE SERVICE SIIMCE 
JAIVUARV 1, 190G. 



Ames, Edward Winslow— Born in Wakefield, Mass., OcUi- 
ber -'y, 1874; attfiidcd the public schools of Wakefield eight 
years; Phillips Academy, Andover, four years; Harvard 
College four years; Columbian University School of Inter- 
national Law and Diplomacy three months; teacher, 1896- 
1899; clerk in the American Legation at Rio de Janeiro, 
1899 1901; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at 
Rio de Janeiro August 12, 1901- Secretary of the Legation 
at Buenos Aires April 9, 1902; Secretary of the Legation at 
Santiago, Chile, March 24, 1904; resigned March 8, 1900. 

Anderson, George B. — Born in- 1863; teacher in Noble's Col- 
lege, Tokyo, Japan, one year; newspaper correspondent 
fifteen years and editorial writer (jn the Troy (N. Y.) I'ress; 
appointed Secretary of the Legation at Rio de Janeiro June 
29, 1893; retired September 21, 1894; appointed Consul at 
Antigua June 27, 1896; Consul at Grenoble October 2, 1897; 
Consul at Prescott March i, 1900; Consul at Guadeloupe 
June 26, 1903; Consul at Antigua March 10, 1905; Consul at 
Martinique June 10, 1908; died at post March 2, 1910. 

Anderson, Larz — Born in Paris, France, August 15, 1866; 
educated abroad and at Phillips Exeter Academy; Harvard 
University (A. B); appointed Second Secretary of the 
Legation at London July 20, 1891; Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Rome August 8, 1894; retired, i8q7; captain and 
assistant adjutant general dtiring the Spanish-American 
War, acting as adjutant general. Second Division, Second 
Army Corps; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Belgium August 12, igii; Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan No- 
vember 14, 1912: retired June 11, iqi,?. 

Atwell, William P. — Born in Warren, Ohio, in 1845; home, 
Washington, D. C ; educated in the public schools and at 
the University of Wisconsin ; appointed lieutenant in the 
Thirty-ninth Wisconsin Infantry May 13, 1864; second 
lieutenant in the Forty-third Infantry June 22, 1867; 
retired as captain December 3-1, 1870; appointed Consular 
Agent at Schiedam May 14, 1883; retired July, 18S5; 
appointed Commercial Agent at Roubaix June 27, 1890; 
retired June, 1893; reappointed Coinmercial Agent at 
Roubaix May 28, 1897; appointed Consul May 31, 1899; 
Consul at Ghent June 22, 1306; died at post July 28, 191 1. 

Austin, Richard Wilson — Born in Decatur, Ala., August 26, 
1857; educated at the Loudon high school and the Uni- 
versity of Tennessee; clerk in the Post Oflice Department, 
1879-1881; assistant doorkeeper. House of Representatives, 
1881-1883; agent. Quartermaster's Department, War De- 
partment, 1883-1885; receiver for the First National Bank, 
Sheffield, Ala., 1889 1891; United States marshal for the 
eastern district of Tennessee, 1897-1906; attorney; ap- 
pointed, after examination. Consul at Glasgow June 22, 
1906; resigned November 23, 1937. 

Authier, Joseph M. — Born in St. Charles, Quebec, in 1845; 
naturalized; home. Central Falls, R. I.; attended high 
school and academy; member of school committee and 
license commis-.ioner at Central Falls, R. I.; census enu- 
merator, Cohoes, N. Y., 1890; editor and publisher at 
Central Falls, R. I.; appointed Commercial Agent at St. 
Hyacinthe May 13, 1898; Consul June 22, 1906; Consul at 
Guadeloupe June 10, 1908; retired October 16, 1909. 

Ayme, Louis H. -Born in New York City May 29, 1855; 
graduated from Trinity School and Columbia College, 
New York, in 1874; employed as scientific assistant to the 
New Zealand party, United States Transit of Venus Ex- 
pedition, 1873-1S75; appointed Consul at Merida February 
19, 1880; resigned October 15, 1884; special ethnologist, 
Smithsonian Institution, 1884-85; special writer for the 
Chicago Times, 18S8-89; employed on the Chicago Inter- 
Ocean, 1890-91; foreign press editor at the World's Co- 
lumbian Exposition, 1891-1893; employed on tlie Chicago 
Tribune, 1894-1896; financial secretary. Press Club of Chi- 
cago, in 1897; appointed Consul at Guadeloupe January 6, 
1898; Consul at Para June 26, 1003; Consul-General at 
Lisbon May 24, 1906; died at post May c6, 1912. 

Bacon, Robert — Born in Massachusetts; graduate of Har- 
vard University; member of the banking firm of J. I-". 
Morgan & Co. for several years; member of the board of 
overseers of Harvard University; member of the central 
committee, American National Red Cross; home. New 
\'ork City; appointed Assistant Secretary of State Sep- 
tember 5, 1905; Secretary of State January 27, 1909, and 



served to Marcli 'j. 1909; Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to France December 21, igog; resigned 
January 2, 1912. 

Bailey, Everett E. — Born in Illinois in 1856; engaged in 
cattle raisingand contracting; superintendent of construc- 
tion of Isthmus & Tehuantepec Railroad and of Mexican 
National Railroad; trader, storekeeper, and traveling 
salesman; appointed Consul at Ensenada May 22, 1900; re- 
tired September 6, 1909. 

Baker, Orlando Harrison — Born in Union County, Ind., in 
1836; home, Indianola, Iowa; graduate of De Pauw (Indiana 
University, A. B. U858), A. M. (1861); received degree of 
LL. D. from Simpson College, 1906; principal Cherry Grove 
(111. I Seminary, 1858-1860; of Delaney Academy, 1860-1862; 
of Des Moines (Iowa) Conference Seminary, 1863-1866; of 
Glenwood Institute, 1866-1868; professor at Simpson Col- 
lege, 1868-1871; president Algona (Iowa) College, 1871- 
1875; editor of Indianola (Iowa) Herald, 1880-1886; special 
correspondent for Chicago Inter-Ocean in Southern States 
and Mexico, 1887-1889; appointed, after examination. Con- 
sul at Copenhagen September 29, 1832; retired January 25, 
1894; appointed Consul at Sidney, New .South Wales, June 
16, 1900; Consul at Sandakan June 10, igo8; died on board 
the transport Thoiiiaa AX. Nagasaki, Japan, August 6, 1913. 

Baldwin, George E. — Born in Portage County, Ohio, in 
1839; home. Canton, Ohio; educated in the public schools; 
prosecuting attorney of Stark County, Ohio, and circuit 
court judge for the judicial circuit of Ohio; practiced law 
at Canton, Ohio, thirty years; appointed Consul at Nu- 
remberg March 20, 1911; resigned, to take effect December 
25, 1906. 

Barrett, John — Born in (irafton, Vt., November 28, 1866; 
graduated from Worcester (Mass.) Academy, 1884; Dart- 
mouth College (A. B.), 1889; received honorary clegrees 
from Dartmouth (A. M.), 1899, and Tulane L'niversity 
(LL. D.), 1910; taught at Hopkins Academy, Oakland, 
Cal.; engaged in newspaper work in California, Washing- 
ton, and Oregon; appointed Minister Resident and Consul- 
General to Siam February 14, 1894; retired 1898; war cor- 
respondent in the Philippines, 1898 99; delegate to the 
Second International Conference of American States at 
Mexico City, 1901-2; commissioner geneial of foreign af- 
fairs for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, 
19-J2-3; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to .Argentina July 2,1903; Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Panama Marcli 17, 
1904; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Colombia June 21, 1903; resigned January 9, 1907. 

Beaupre, Arthur M. — Born in Oswego, 111., July 29, 1853; 
educated in public schools; practiced law in Aurora, 111.; 
county clerk, Kane County 111., 1886-1894; home, Aurora, 
111.; appointed, after examination, Secretary of the Lega- 
tion and Consul-General at Guatemala October 7, 1897; 
served as Charge d'Affaires from December 9, 1897, to 
January 24, 1898, and from February 12, 1899, to April 5, 
1899; appointed Secretary of the Legation and Consul- 
General at Bogota October 27, 1809; served as Charge 
d'Affaires from September 23, igoo, to January 28, 1901, 
and from March 17, 1902, to July 22, 1902; appointed Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Colombia 
February 12, 1903; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Argentina March 17, 1904; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Nether- 
lands and Luxemburg April 2, 1908; Honorary Delegate 
to the adjourned meeting of the International Con- 
gress for the Purpose of Promoting L'niform Legislation 
Concerning Letters of Exchange held at The Hague Sep- 
tember, ign; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Cuba August 12, iqii; retired June 28, 1913. 

Berliner, Solomon — Born in New York City October 5, 1856; 
home, New York City; educated in New York City and 
in Germany; engaged in mercantile business, 1880 1894; 
studied law; appointed Consul at Teneriffe March 4, 1898; 
retired April 21, 1898; reappointed July 18, 1899; died in 
Washington, D. C, November 14, 1910. 

Beutelspacher, Gustave — Born in Stuttgart, Germany, in 
1850; naturalized; home. Canton, Ohio; public-school edu- 
cation; foreman for many years of engraving department 
of a company manufacturing watch cases at Canton, Ohio; 
appointed, after examination (Nove nber 11, 1897), Commer- 
cial Agent at Moncton December 27, 1897; Consul June j2, 
1906; resigned, to take efiect May i, 1908. 



1 ; I O tJ R A 1' 1 1 1 C A L ST A T E ^ I E N T, 



115 



Binda, John Louis Born in Italy June 5, 1886, of American 
parents; educated in Massachusetts public schools, one 
year in Italy, and three years at Harvard University; ap- 
pointed, after examination (May 5, igogl, Student Inter- 
preter in Turkey June 2, 1905; appointed Vice and Deputy 
Consul at Saloniki January 23, igii; Interpreter to the 
Consulate-General at Cairo August 5, 1912; also Deputy 
Consul-General at Cairo December 2, 1912; resigned May 
-'8, 191J. 

Bishop, William Henry— Horn January 7, 1847; attended 
Hartford (Conn.) high school, St. John's CoUeg-e, Ford- 
ham, N. Y.; graduated from Yale University; professor at 
Yale University until 1902; engaged in literary work; 
appointed, after examination (January 15, 1903), Consul at 
Genoa February 5, rgo^; Consul at Palmero December 13, 
1904; resigned, to take effect July i, igio. 

Blumenthal, William— Born in New York City February 
15, 187S; attended Columbia grammar school, Phillips 
Academy one year, Yale University three years ( B. A.), and 
Oxford University three years (M. A.); appointed Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Lisbon May 27, 1904; Third Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Paris March to, 1905: Second Sec- 
retary of the Embassy at Constantinople November 27, 
igo8; retired April ig, igog. 

Bluthardt, Theodore J. — Born in Neuenburg, Germany, 

July 24, 1837; naturalized in Cook County, 111., February 
28, i85o; attenied the public schools six years and the 
Royal Gymnasium three years; surgeon in the United 
States Army, 1861-1865; physician and surgeon; appointed 
Consul at Barmen March 30, 1913; died at post January 
14, igo6. 

Bond, Wallace C. — Born in Louisville, Ky., January 29, 
1875; home, Cheyenne, VVyo.; educated in the public 
schools of New Brunswick, N. J., and by private tuition; 
employed for five years in a New York banking house; 
was private secretary to Governor De Forest Richards, of 
Wyoming, for five years; editor of the Cheyenne Daily 
Leader, igi3-igo6; appointed, after examination (March 
14. igo7i. Consul at Aden March 30, igo7; Consul at Karachi 
June 10, 1908; Consul-General at Copenhagen August 27, 
1959; resigned, to take effect January i, igii. 

Bordewich, Henry — Born in Norway in 1S44; educated in 
mercantile school in Bergen and by private tuition; served 
in United States Navy during the Civil War; county au- 
ditor of Yellow Medicine County, Minn , for fourteen 
years; postmaster at Granite Falls, Minn., for fciur years; 
appointed, after examination (June 29, 1897), Consul at 
Christiania July 2, 1897; Consul-General May g, igoo; died 
at post March 19, 1912. 

Boutell, Henry Sherman— Born in Boston, Mass., March 14. 
1856; graduate of Northwestern University, A. B. {1874), 
A. M. (1875), and oi Harvard University, A. 6.(1876), A. M. 
(1877); admitted to the bar in Illinois, 1879, and to the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, 1886: member of the 
Chicago Citizen's Committee to prepare municipal elec- 
tion law, 1884; member Illinois Legislature. 1884; member 
board of trustees of the Northwestern University and 
received the degree of I^L. D. from that institution in 
1904; member of the House of Representatives, Fifty-sixth 
to the Sixty-first Congresses, inclusive; appointed Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal 
March 2, ign; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Switzerland April 24, igii; retired July 31, 
1913- 

Boutell, Roger S. G. — Born in Chicago, 111., October 21, 
18S1; attended St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., 1896- 
1899; Harvard College, 1899-1903; admitted to the bars of 
the District of Columbia and Illinois in May, 1906; ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Legation at Berne February 9, 
1903; Secretary of the Legation to the Netherlands and 
Luxemburg December 11, 1905; Secretary of the Legation 
at Buenos Aires March 9, 1907, but did not go to post; re- 
signed April 17, 1907. 

Bowens, G. Jarvis — Born in Wilmington, N. C, August 28, 
1869; home, Norfolk, Va.; attended Gregory Institute, Wil- 
mington, five years; Shaw I'niversity, Raleigh, N. C, four 
years; studied under private tutors two years; deputy reg- 
ister of deeds at Wilmington, N. C, six months; practiced 
medicine and surgery fourteen years; appointed, after ex- 
amination (June 22, 1905), Consul at Guadeloupe June 24. 
1905; resigned July i, 1906. 

Bragg, Edward Stuyvesant — Born in L'nadilla, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 26, 1827; attended the public schools; took prepara- 
tory course and graduated from Geneva College; read law 
and was admitted to the bar of New York in 1848; went 
to Fond du Lac, Wis., in 1850; elected district attorney, 
1854; delegate to the Charleston Convention, i860; served 



in the Union Army, 1861-1865, as captain, major, lieu- 
tenant colonel, colonel, and brigadier general; appointed 
postmaster at Fond du Lac, 1866; State senator in Wiscon- 
sin, 1868-69; served in the Forty-fifth, Forty-si.xth, and 
Forty-seventh Congresses; Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Mexico, 1888 8g; appointed Consul- 
General at Habana May ig, 1902; Consul-General at Hong- 
kong September 15, 1902; resigned, to take effect May i, 
1906; died in Fond du Lac, Wis., June 20, 1912. 

Brickwood, jr., Albert William— Born in Chicago, 111., Oc- 
tober 14, 1879; attended public and high schools; graduated 
in 1897; read law; graduated from Lewis Institute, Uni- 
versity of Chicago; censusenumerator; connected with the 
Illinois Central Railway Co. at Chicago in 1901; assistant 
secretary and commissary of the Chicago & Patagonia 
Copper & (jold Mining Co. in 1904; appointed clerk in the 
American Consulate at Nogales; Vice and Deputy Consul 
July 17, igoi;; Consul at Puerto Cortes August 17, 1906; 
Consul at Tapachula May 31, rgcg; resigned March 1,1912. 

Bridgman, George Herbert — Born in Keene, N. H., January 

16, 1833; home, Elizabeth, N. J.; graduated from Dart- 
mouth College, 1876, and from Harvard Medical School, 
i88o; house surgeon, city hospital, Boston, eighteen months; 
practiced medicine in Keene, N. H,, eight years, and in 
Elizabeth, N. J., ten years; appointed Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bolivia October 7, 
1897; Consul at Kingston, Jamaica, July u, 1902; resigned, 
to take effect December 31, 1906. 

Bright, Frederick 1.— Born in Logan, Ohio, May 19, 1875; at- 
tended the public schools of Logan and Ohio Wesleyan 
L^niversity; taught in the district schools of Hocking 
County, Ohio; graduated in law from the Ohio State L'ni- 
versity in 19 »; engaged in the practice of law; member of 
the Seventy-sixth Ohio General Assembly; appointed, 
after examination (March i, 1906), Consul at Huddersfield 
March 26, 1906; resigned April 20, 1912. 

Brown, Philip IWarshall— Born in Hampden, Me., 1874; at- 
tended public schools and graduated from Williams 
College, iSg8; instructor in Robert College, Constantinople, 
iSgS-igoo; private secretary to the Charge d'Affaires at 
Constantinople, 1900-1901; appointed Second Secretary of 
the Legation at Constantinople March 8, 1901; Secretary 
of the Legation to Guatemala and Honduras June 5, 1903; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople June 21, igo7; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Hon- 
duras November u, igo8; Secretary of the Embassy at 
Mexico City December 21, 1909; Secretary of the Embassy 
at Rio de Janeiro June 24, 1910, but did not proceed there; 
resigned July 7, igio. 

Brunot, Hilary S. — Born near Pennsville, Pa., June 4, i860; 
hiime, Greensburg, Pa.; attended the public schools of 
Pennsylvania; Jefferson Academy, Canonsburg, Pa., two 
years; Kenyon College, Gambler, Ohio, two years; editor 
of the Evening Press, Greensburg, Pa., twelve years and 
at the same time was secretary-treasurer of tfie Taylor 
Wire Nail Co.; appointed, after examination (May 21, i8g7). 
Consul at St. Eticnne June 23, i8g7; Consul at Jerez de la 
Frontera November i, 1906; resigned March 23, igo8. 

Bryan, Charles Page — Born in Chicago, 111., in 1856; edu- 
cated at the University of Virginia and graduated from the 
Columbian College law school; practiced law in Colorado, 
i87g-iS83; served two terms in the Colorado Legislature; on 
military staffs of governor of Colorado and three governors 
of Illinois; made two tours of Europe forthe World's Colum- 
bian Exposition; member of the Legislature of Illinois four 
terms; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to China November 10, 1897; Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Brazil January 19, 
1898; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Switzerland September 26, 1902; Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal January 7, 1903; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Belgium December 21, 1909; Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Japan August 12, igii; retired 
November 15, 1912. 

Bryce, Lloyd— Born in Flushing. Long Island, N. V., Sep- 
tember 20, 1851; home. New York City: educated at George- 
town University, at Christ Church, Oxford, England 
(B. A. and M. A.), and at the law school of Columbia Uni- 
versity; paymaster general of New York National Guard; 
member of the Fiftieth Congress; editor and owner of the 
North American Review, 1S89-1896; essayist and author; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to the Netherlands and Luxemburg August 12, 1911; 
Honorary Delegate to the adjourned meeting of the 
International Congress for the Purpose of Promoting 
Uniform Legislation Concerning Letters of Exchange 
held at The Hague June, 1912; retired September 10,1913. 



ii6 



UlULiRAl'lIlCAL STATEMENT. 



Buckler, William Hepburn — B<irn in Paris, France, ui Ameri- 
can parents February i, 1867; educated by private tutors 
and at Cambridge (Eng^land) University; practiced law in 
Baltimore, i8g4-iqo2; writer; secretary of the emergency 
committee appointed by the mayor of Baltimore in Feb- 
ruary, 1904; secretary of the Special Embassy to Spain in 
June, 1906; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Madrid 
June 13, 1907; resigned, to take effect June 16, igog. 

Butler, Hamilton — Born in Berwick, Me., December jg, 
1881; graduate of Columbia University (A. B.), 1903; mem- 
ber of the Twenty-second Regiment National Guard, New 
York, 1903-1905: private and corporal, American Company, 
Shanghai Volunteer Corps, 1907-1909; appointed, after ex- 
amination (March 28, 1905), Student Interpreter in China 
April 10, igo5; Interpreter to the Consulate-General at 
Shanghai April 8, 1908; also Vice-Consul-General Novem- 
ber 27, 1908; Vice and Deputy Consul-General and also 
Interpreter at Tientsin April g, igog; appointed Vice-Con- 
sul, temporarily, at Newchwang January 19, igio; reap- 
pointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Tientsin Feb- 
ruary 23, igio; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General 
and also Interpreter at Canton December 30, igio; retired 
1913- 

Byington, A. Homer — Born in Herkimer, N. Y., July 23, 
1826; Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune 
during the Civil War; State senator of Connecticut and 
served as president of the State Senate one term; associate 
publisher of the Palladium at New Haven, Conn., nearly 
twenty years; appointed, after e.xamination (July 27, 1897), 
Consul at Naples July 27, 1S97; resigned to take effect 
September i. 1907; died in Flushing, L. I., December 29, 
1910. 

Caldwell, John C. — Born in Maine; colonel in the Civil 
War; State senator of Maine eight years; president of the 
Board of Pardons of Kansas; appouited Consul at X'alpa- 
raiso April 19, 1869; acted as Charge d 'Affaires at/ intt-ri)?/ 
to Chile from August, 1870, to December 2, 1S70; appointed 
Minister Resident to Paraguay and Uruguay January 8, 
1874; appointed Chargd d 'Affaires August 15, 1876; retired 
May, 1881; appointed Consul at San Jose, Costa Rica, 
July 2, 1897; retired August 31, 1909. 

Calhoun, William James— Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., October 
5, 1848; educated in public schools and at Poland Semi- 
nary, Ohio; admitted to the bar January-, 1875, and prac- 
ticed law in Danville, 111.; member of the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission, 1898-1900; home, Chicago, 111.; member 
of the law firm of Calhoun, Lyford & Sheehan, igoo-igog; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to China December 21, 1909; retired May 15, 1913. 

Carroll, Philip— Born in New York City December iS, 
1849; educated in public schools and at Georgetown Uni- 
versity; served over three years during the Civil War; 
clerk in the Department of State, 1871-1874; appointed 
Consular Agent at Port Rowan December 10, 1879; Com- 
mercial Agent at Port Stanley and St. Thomas April i, 
1881; Consul at Palermo February 15, 1884; Consul at 
Newcastle-on-Tyne October 16, 1890; Consul at Demerara 
March 16, 1891; retired July, 1893; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul-General at Monterey February 2, i8g8; 
Commercial Agent at Aguascalientes October 20, 1903; 
Commercial Agent at Grenville April i, 1904; Consul at 
Manzanillo June 22, 1906; died at post December 15, 1906. 

Carter, John Ridgely — Bc^rn in Baltimore November 28, 
1865; graduate of Trinity College, B. A. (1883), M. A (18851; 
studie'd in the University of Leipzig, the Maryland Univer- 
sity law school, and graduated from the Harvard law 
school; practiced law in Baltimore; home, Baltimore, Md.; 
private secretary to the Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to Great Britain, 1894-1896; appointed Sec- 
ond Secretary of the Embassy at London September 16, 
i8g6; Secretary of the Embassy March 10, 1905; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Roumania 
and Servia and Diplomatic Agent in Bulgaria September 
25, igog; Envoy E.vtraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria June 24, 1910; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Argentina August 12, igir, but did not proceed there; 
resigned September 29, igii. 

Caughy, Charles M.— Born in Baltimore, Md., June 4, 185^; 
educated at Mount St. Mary's College and Georgetown 
University; clerk in the Department of State, 1889-1892; 
appointed Consul at Messina .September 29, 1893; Consul 
at Malaga April 29, 1907; Consul at Milan May 31, igog; 
retired November 27, 1912; tiled in Richmond, \'a , August 
27> 1913- 

Cheney, Arthur Sanford — Born in Joliet, 111., (October 4, 1869; 
attended Hopkins Grammar School four years, Hillhouse 
High School one year, Yale University (Shetfield Scientific 



Schoi)l) three vears, Vale Medical School two years: Uni- 
versity of- Vienna six months; instructor in physiology in 
the Hillhouse High School, New Haven, Conn., six years; 
physician and surgeon; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul 
at Reichenberg November 27, igo5; appointed, after ex- 
amination. Consul at Messina August 15, 1907; died at post 
December 28, 1908. 

Chester, Frank Dyer—Born in Newtonville, Mass., Decem- 
ber 2, i86g; home, Newtonville; graduate of Harvard I'ni- 
versity (Ph. D.), 1894; fellow of Harvard University. 
1895-1897; appointed Consul at Budapest January 28, 1897; 
Consul-General May 14, igo); retired July i, 1908. 

Chilton, Robert S.— Born in Washington. D. C, in 1861; 
home, Washington; public-school education; appointed 
temporary clerk in Department of State at $600 August 7, 
1877; clerk at I900 November i, 1878; at $1,000 September 
15, 1880; class one November i, 1881; class two Augusts' 
1882; class three February i, 1884; class four (temporary) 
July 24, 1884; class three December ig, 1884: class four 
March i, 1888; resigned April 2, i88g, to accept appoint- 
ment as private secretary to the Vice-President: resigned 
February 14, 1893; appointed Chief Clerk of the Depart- 
ment of State January 9, 1893, to take effect February 15, 
1893: confidential clerk to the Second Assistant Secretary 
of State April 15, 18^3; appointed temporary Vice-Consul 
at Erzerum June 21, 1895; Chief of the Consular Bureau 
December 30, 1895; resigned January 3, 1902, to take effect 
February 1,1902; appointed Consul at Toronto March 10, 
1905; resigned, to take effect September 30, 1913. 

Clay, Brutus Junius— Born in Madison County, Ky., Feb- 
ruary 20, 1847; home, Richmond, Ky.; attended Transyl- 
vania University and graduated from the University of 
Michigan (C. E.), 1868; began business as wholesale and 
retail grocer at Richmond, Ky.. 1S68; also conducted cot- 
ton plantation in Mississippi, and farms in Kentucky and 
Illinois; engaged also in manufacturing lumber at Ford. 
Ky., quarrying and sawing freestone at Longford, Ky , 
boring for gas and oil, and mining at Waco, Ky ^ appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Switzerland March 8, 1905; retired March i, rgio. 

Coffin, Henry Peronneau— Born in Phoenixville, Pa., May 
24, 1882; graduated from William Penn Charter School in 
igoo and the Wharton School of Finance and Economy, 
University of Pennsylvania, in 1907; taught school, igoo- 
1901; clerk; reporter on Phoenixville (Pa.) Daily Re- 
publican and Reading Herald; in charge of business office 
of Philadelphia Evening Bulletin; rejid"ent of Philadelphia; 
appointed, after examination (July 7, 1908), Consul at Ma- 
zatlan June 2, igoq; Consul at Rosario December 16, igog; 
retired July 9, ign. 

Cole, Winthrop Ritchie -Born in Paris, France, of Ameri- 
can parents November 28, 1888; attended school in Paris, 
i8g7-igoi; private and public schools in England, 1901- 
igo8; XL'hrist Church, Oxford, igoS-igu; George Washing- 
ton University, 1911-12; appointed, after examination 
(January 31, 1912), Student Interpreter in Turkey March 
12, 1912; resigned, to take effect January 31, 1913. 

Collier, William Miller — Born in Lodi, N. Y., November n, 
1867: home. Auburn, N. Y.; graduated from Hamilton Col- 
lege, A. B. (1889), A. M. (1892"); attended Columbia Law 
School, 1889-90; law student and clerk in New York and 
Brooklyn ofifices; admitted to the bar, i8g2; clerk surro- 
gate's court, Cayuga County, N. Y., 1890-1892; referee in 
bankruptcy, northern district of New York, i8gS; presi- 
dent New York State Civil Service Commission, i899-igo3; 
lecturer on bankruptcy. New York Law School, 1903-1905; 
appointed Special Assistant Attorney (ieneral. Department 
of Commerce and Labor, March, 1903; Solicitor, 1904; ap- 
pointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Spain March 8, 1905; retired June 9, 1909. 

Combs, Leslie — Born at Little Compton, R. I, July 31, 1852; 
educated in public schools and Transylvania L'niversity; 
stock farmer and tobacco planter for several years; United 
States pension agent for Kentucky, 1898-igoo, and again 
1900-1902; home, Lexington, Ky.; appointed Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Guatemala 
and Honduras November 12, 1902; Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Peru December 19, 1906; 
retired February 28, igii. 

Coolidge, John Gardner Born in Boston, Mass , July 4, 
1863; home, Bo.iton; graduate of Harvard (A. B.), 1884; 
traveled in the Far East three years, South America four 
years, and Europe four years; appointed Secretary of the 
Legation at Peking May 22, igo2; Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Mexico City January to, igo7; Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Nicaragua June 5, 
igo8; resigned November ig, 1908. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



117 



Cornelius, George Otto — Born in Smithpori, Pa., May 26, 
1836; home, Warren, Pa ; educated at Smithporl Academj- 
and his,'!] school; county treasurer, 1873-74; county sur- 
veyor SIX years; justice of the peace, 1881 i8gi; appointed, 
after examination (Aug'iist j6, 1901), Consul at St. Jolin's, 
Newfoundland, September 21, iqoi; retired September 
iq, ig'i?- 

Covert, John Cutler — Born in Norwich, N. V., in 1839; home, 
Cleveland, Ohio; educated in public schools; editorially 
connected with the Cleveland Leader for twenty-five years; 
editor in chief five years; served in the Ohio Legislature, 
1877-1881; appointed Consul at Lyon July 17, 1897; retired 
July 31, igoq. 

Crane, Robert Treat— Born in Baltimore, Md., Juneg. 1S80; 
home, Baltimore; graduate of Johns Hopkins L'niversity, 
A. B. (1902) and Ph. D. (1907), his doctoral dissertation 
being entitled, "The State in Constitutional and Inter- 
national Law"; graduated from the University of Mary- 
land law school and admitted to practice in Maryland; 
appointed Deputy Consul-General at Montreal April 29. 
1908; appointed, after examination (November 20, 1907), 
Consular Assistant June 24, 1908; Consul at Guadeloupe 
May 3t, igog; Consul at Rosario August lo, igii; resigned 
July 19, 1913. 

Crowninshield, Caspar Schuyler — Born June 1, 1871; edu- 
cated in private schools and academies in Washington and 
New York; delegate to Paris Exposition in 1900; appointed, 
after examination (April 27, 1901), Commercial Agent at 
Castellamare di Stabia April 27, 1901; Consul June 22, 1906; 
Consul at Naples August 30, 1907; died at post September 
26, igto. 

Crum, William Demos— Born in Charleston, S. C, Febru- 
ary g, i85g; home, Charleston; educated at the Saxon 
School of the Military Government, Avery Institute, Ameri- 
can Missionary SchooKgraduating from the last named in 
1875), South Carolina I'niversity, and Howard University 
of Washington, D. C, where he graduated (M. D.), 1881; 
collector of the port of Charleston for six years; practiced 
medicine in Charleston, 1881-1910; appointed Minister Resi- 
dent and Consul-General to Liberia June 13, 1910; died at 
Charleston, S. C, December 7, 1912. . 

Cutting, jr., William Bayard — Born in New York City June 
13, 187S; attended Cutler School, New York, i888-i8gD; Gro- 
ton School, i89i-i8g5; Harvard College, iSgo-iSggiA. B.'; 
Columbia Law School, 1901-2; private secretary to the 
American Ambassador at London, iSygigoi; edited a coun- 
try newspaper in California, 1903-4; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Milan January 17, 1908; Secretary of the 
Legation at Tangier March i, igog, but did not proceed 
there; resigned July 13, igog; died at Aswan, Egypt, March 

10, igio. 

Dabney, Thomas Ewing — Born in New Orleans, April 16, 
1885; attended public and private schools and a graduate 
of Sewanee I'niversity, 1905; took a Master's degree at 
Harvard University, 1906; home, New Orleans; appointed 
after examination {April 5, 1907), Third Secretary of the 
Embassy at Mexico City May 10, igo;; Second Secretary 
March i, igog; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-Gen- 
eral at San Salvador April 4, igio; .resigned December 25, 
191 r. 

Davidson, James Wheeler — Born in Austin, Minn., in 1872; 
home, Austin; educated in the Austin public schools and 
Northwesten Military Academy; member of the Peary 
Arctic expedition to Greenland in 1894; correspondent 
with the Japanese army in Formosa, 1895-96; appointed 
Consular Agent at Tansui December ig, 1896; Consul June 
2, 1898; Consul at Antung January 22, 1904; Vice-Consul- 
-General at Shanghai, temporarily, December 22, 1904; 
Consul at Antung May 23, 1905; resigned February ro, 
1906. 

Davis, George Fleming — Born in Morton, Mo., Apnl3. 1881; 
home, Richmond, Mo.; educated at public and private 
schools. Central College, Fayette, Mo., and at Vanderbilt 
University; newspaper reporter, ig:i4-igo6; representative 
of ore shippers in Mexico, igo6-igii; appointed, after ex- 
amination (June 27, 1910), Consul at Ceiba August ig, 191 1; 
died at post February 13, 1912. 

Dawson, Thomas Cleland — Born in Hudson, Wis., July 30, 
1865; partial course at Harvard College and graduated 
from Hanover College and from Cincinnati Law School. 
1886; took bachelor's degree (1886) and master's degree 
(i8g8>; engaged in printing a newspaper at Enterprise. 
Fla., 1882-1884; practiced law in Iowa, 1886-1889; corre- 
spondent, and later city editor, Iowa Daily Register, 



i8yo 91; practiced law, i8yi-i8g^; assistant attorney-gen- 
eral, Iowa, i89i-i8g4; home. Council Bluffs, Iowa; ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Legation at Rio de Janeiro June 
28, i8g7; Minister Resident and Consul-General to Santo 
Domingo April 2g, 1904; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Colombia January 10, 1907; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Chile April 
21, igog; Resident Diplomatic Officer and Chief of the 
Division of Latin-American Affairs, Department of State, 
August 31, 19 g; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Panama June 24, igio; designated Special 
Agent of the United States to the Provisional (iovernment 
of the Republic of Nicaragua October 14, igio; designated 
Special Peace Commissioner of the L^nitcd States to Hon- 
duras February 11, igii; appointed Ambassador on Spe- 
cial Mission to attend the ceremonies incident to the cen- 
tenary celebration of the Republic of Venezuela June 13, 
igii; appointed Resident Diplomatic Officer, Department 
of State, June 27. ign; died in Washington, D. C, May i, 
igi2. 

Day, Erastus Sheldon — Home, Colchester, Conn ; attorney 
at law; appointed Consul at Bradford, England, April 7, 
i8g7; retired August 22, igog. 

Deal, Charles — Home, Champlain, N. Y.; in commercial 
business and twelve years in the customs service; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July 7, i8g7), Consul at St. 
John's, Quebec, July 17, i8g7; retired August 20, igig. 

De Castro, Hector — Born in Constantinople, Turkey, June 
30, 1849; naturalized; educated in Austria and France; 
was one of the founders of the Commercial Cable Co.; sec- 
retary of the Intercontinental Railway Commission, 1890- 
i8g2; appointed Consul-Genera! at Rome June 2S, 1897; 
Consul-General at Zurich June 10, igo8; died in Rome, Italy, 
January 30, igog. 

Demers, Pierre Paul — Born in St. Norbert d'Arthabaska, 
Canada, August 7, 1876; naturalized; attended Nicolet 
Seminary, Quebec, and St. Joseph's College, New Bruns- 
wick; graduate of the Boston University law school; prac- 
ticed law for five years; member of the New Hampshire 
House of Representatives; appointed, after examination 
(March. 30, igo3i. Consul at Port Limon March 30, igo3; 
Consul at Barranquilla November 25, igo^;; Consul at Bahia 
March 10, 1908; resigned, to take effect October 8, igog. 

Dexter, Lewis — Born in Smithfield, R. I., January 29, 1829; 
engaged in cotton business; appointed Consul at Leeds 
December i8, 1897; retired August 10, 1909. 

D'Hauteville, Paul Grand — Born in Newport, R. I., July 24, 
187^; educated at Eton College and Cambridge (England) 
L'niversity; architect; secretary to the British-French Mus- 
cat Arbitration Tribunal at The Hague February-August, 
1905; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Berne March 
16, 1905; Secretary of the Legation to the Netherlands and 
Luxemburg May 15, igo5; Secretary of the Legation at 
Berne December u, 1905; resigned August 13, 1908. 

Dickinson, Charles IW. — Born in Lowville, N. Y, in 1842; 
attended the public schools of New York, Fairfield Semi- 
nary, and Lowville Academ)-; practiced law in Bingham- 
ton and New York City; became editor of the Binghamton 
Republican in 1878 and afterwards its sole proprietor; ap- 
pointed Consul-Cieneral at Constantinople September 17, 
1897; Consul-General at Large May 14, 1936; resigned, to 
take effect October i, 1907. 

Dickinson, George W. — Born in Aurelius, N. V., in 1843; 
home. Port Byron, N. Y.; educated in public schools and 
at Auburn Academy; served two terms in the State Legis- 
lature of New York; appointed, after examination (Janu- 
ary II, i8g8). Consul at Acapulco January 22, 1898; retired 
June 6, 1908. 

Dickson, Almar F. — Born in Middletown, Conn., in 1846; 
home, Middletown; attended public school at East Had- 
dam. Conn.; appointed Consul at Gaspd August 2, 1897; 
Consul at Tapachula June 10, 1908, but did not proceed 
there; resigned June 27, 1908. 

Dietrich, Herman R.— Born in Utica, Mo., January 6, 1862; 
home, Utica; educated in public schools of Utica; en- 
gaged in farming, general merchandise, and newspaper 
business; appointeid postmaster at Utica in 1898; resigned 
on election to the general assembly in 1902; appointed 
Consul-General at Guayaquil April 2, 1903; detailed in 
1907 to assist in the railway arbitration between Ecuador 
and the Guayaquil & Quito Railway Co.; temporarily 
in charge of the Legation at Quito in 1909; resigned 
December 12, 1912. 



ii8 



bio(;raphical statement 



Dodge, H. Percival Born in Boston, Mass., January iS, 
1870; home, Boston; graduate of Harvard University (A. B., 
i8y2) and of Harvard law school fLL. B., 1895); admitted 
to the bar of Suffolk County, Mass., 1895; practiced law in 
Boston, i8g5 1897; studied in Europe, 1897-98; appointed 
Third Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin February 16, 
1899; Second Secretary of the Embassy July 9, 1900, to take 
effect September i, 1900; Secretary of the Embassy Octo- 
ber 13, 1902; Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo August 
8, 1906; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Honduras and Salvador July i, 1907; continued as 
Minister to Honduras until February 6, i^og; appointed 
Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Sal- 
vador July r, 1908; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Morocco May 12, 1909; Resident Diplo- 
matic Officer and Chief of the Division of Latin-American 
Affairs, Department of State, June 22, 1910; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Panama July 
6, igii; on May 12, 1912, designated chairman of the com- 
mittee to supervise the Panaman municipal and presi- 
dential elections of 1912; retired August 25, 1913. 

Dorman, Archibald Bland— Born in Taylorvillc, III., March 
13, 1882; graduate of the I'niversity of Illinois, 1904; two 
years in Harvard University law school; one semester in 
University of Berlin; taught school in Illinois; appointed, 
after examination (August 14, 1907), Consular Clerk Au- 
gust 27, 1907; Consular Assistant July i, 1908; Deputy Con- 
sul-Gencral at Berlin December 14, 1908; resigned July 18, 
1911. 

DuBois, James T. — Born in Hallstead, Pa., April 17, 1851; 
home, Hallstead; attended public schools; graduated from 
the Ithaca (N. Y.) Academy, Cornell University, and 
Columbian University law school; read law; was editor of 
the National Republican, Washington, D. C, until 1877; 
officer and director of various financial institutions; ap- 
pointed Commercial Agent at Aix la Chapelle November 2, 
1877; Consul November 6, 1880; Consul at Callao July 28, 
1883; Consul at Leipzig November 8, 1883; resigned Janu- 
ary 14, 1886; appointed Consul-General at St. Gall Novem- 
ber 15, 1897; Law Clerk in the Department of State July 
6, 1901; Consul-General at Singapore April 5, 1909; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Colombia 
August 21, 191 1; resigned, to take effect June 15, 1913. 

Dudley, Irving Bedell — Born in Jefferson, Ohio, November 

30, i860; home, San Diego, Cal.; graduate of Kenyon Col- 
lege (B. A , 1882) and of Columbian University law school 
U885); took degree of LL. M., 1886; practiced law in San 
Diego, Cal., and served on the bench, 1888-1897; appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Peru June 28, 1897; Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to Biazil December 19, 1906; died in Baltimore, 
Md., November 27, 1911. 

Dudley, L. Edwin — Home, Boston, Mass.; served in the 
Union Army; engaged in business in Boston; secretary 
and general manager of the Citizen's Law and Order 
League of BosKjn twelve and one-half years; appointed, 
after examination (June 19, 1897), Consul at V'ancouver, 
British Columbia, July 7, 1897; retired June 30, 1908. 

Dubaime, Victor L. — Born in St. Barnabe, Quebec, August 
3, 1867; naturalized; home, Manchester, N. H.; educated 
in village schools and Manchester public school; select- 
man, 1898-99; engaged at various times in wholesale liquor 
business and in the furniture business; appointed, after 
examination (December 8, 1903), Consul at Saltillo Decem- 
ber II, 1903; resigned November i, 1907. 

Dunlap, Hiram J.- -Born in Leyden, 111., February 8, 1841; 
home, Kankakee, 111.; public-school education; editor of a 
newspaper for twenty-five years; postmaster at Kanka- 
kee, 111., 1897-1905; appointed Consul at Breslau November 
29, 1889; Commercial Agent at Fiirth August 10, i8go; re- 
tired August, 1893; appointed Consul at Cologne March 17, 
1905; resigned, to take effect June 30, 1913. 

Dye, Alexander Vincent— Born in Flora, 111., February 11. 
1876; home. Liberty, Mo.; attended the public schools of 
Kansas, Southwest Kansas Business College; had private 
instruction in languages; graduated from William Jewell 
College, A. B. (1901), A. 1\1. (1902); attended Chicago Uni- 
versity and graduated from the University of Leipzig, 
Ph. D. (19041; employed as bookkeeper, 1894-1897; pro- 
fessor in William Jewell College, 1904-1909; appointed, 
after examination (July 7, 1908). Consul at Nogales May 

31, 1909; resigned, to take effect January i, 1913. 

Eddy, Spencer Fayette— Bom in Chicago, 111., June 18, 1874; 
home. Chicago; graduate of Harvard (A. B.), 1896; pur- 
sued post-graduate studies at the universities of Berlin and 
Heidelberg; private secretary to the American Ambassador 
to Great Britain, 1897-98; clerk in the Department of 
State, 1898-99; appointed Third Secretary of the Embassy 
at London February i'j, 1899; Second Secretary "f the Em- 



bassy at Paris June 16, 1899; Secretary of the Legation at 
Constantinople June 17, 1901; Secretary of the Embassy at 
St. Petersburg September 8, 1,03; Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Berlin October i, igo6; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Argentina April 2, 1938; En- 
voy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Rou- 
maniaand Servia and Diplomatic .^gcnt in Bulgaria Jan- 
uary II, 19C9; resigned and left Bucharest September 29, 
1909. 

Edwards, Alanson William— Born in Lorain Countv, Ohio. 
August 27, 1840; home, Fargo, N. Dak.; attended public 
school and McKendrie College, Lebanon, 111.; editor for 
thirty years; mayor of Fargo, 1886 87; appointed Consul- 
General at Montreal March 14, 1903; resigned June 30, 1906. 

Einstein, Lewis- Born in New York City March 15,1877; 
graduate of Columbia University, 1898; A. M., 1899; "author 
of several historical books, articles, reviews, etc.; home. 
New York City; appointed Third Secretary of the Embassy 
at Paris June 5, 1903; Third Secretary of the Embassy at 
London March 10, 1905; Secretary of the United States 
Commission at the Moroccan Conference November 24. 
1905; Second Secretary of the Legation at Constantinople 
March i, igo6; Second Secretary of the Embassy June 28, 
1906; Secretary of the Embassy November 13, 1908; Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Peking December 21, 1909; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Costa Rica 
July 6, ijii; retired June 7, 1913. 

Eldrldge, jr., Francis Reed— Born in Haddontield, N. J., 
May 28, 1889; educated in public schools; graduate of Bal- 
timore City College, 1908; appointed, after examination 
(July 7, igj8), Student Interpreter in Japan January 14, 
1909; Interpreter to the Consulate-General at Yokohama 
March 18, igii; also Deputy Consul-General June 30, ign; 
resigned, to take effect September 8, igi2. 

Ellis, George W.— -Born in 1873; attended Gunton Insti- 
tute, Howard University, and graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Kansas, classical and law; clerk for one year in 
Census Office; appointed Secretary of the Legation at 
Monrovia March 16, 1903; resigned and left post April 17, 
1910. 

Ellsworth, Luther Thomas Born in West Richfield, Ohio, in 
1854; home, Cleveland, Ohio; attended the public schools 
of Ohio and graduated from Bryant, Stratton, and Felton's 
Business College, Cleveland; stockholder, director, and 
secretary of a gold-mining company in Colombia, 1874- 
1S78; teacher in the public schools of Texas, 1879-80; fore- 
man of coaling station for L. S. & M. S. Railway Co. at 
Eikhardt, Ind., 18S1-1886; assistant to master carpenter of 
the same company at Cleveland, Ohio, 1887-1897; appointed 
Consul at Puerto Cabello May 5, 18,8; Consul at Carta- 
gena October 12, 1903; Consul at Chihuahua March 30, 
1907; Consul at Ciudad Porfirio Diaz October 21, 1907; re- 
signed July 17, 1913. 

Fowie, Charles Warren— Born in Talas, Turkey in Asia, of 
American parents August ig, 1882; educated at home and 
in public schools of Woburn, Mass.; graduate of Harvard 
University (A. B.), 1905; bank clerk in Woburn, 1905-6; 
Assistant Interpreter, American embassy, Constantinople, 
igo6-i9io; appointed clerk class three in the Department 
of State, under Executive order, August i, igio; Assistant 
Chief of the Division o'f Near Eastern Affairs June 27, igii; 
Interpreter to the .American Embassy at Constantinople 
February 8, 1912; Turkish Secretary of Embassy at Con- 
stantinople July I, igi2; resigned, to take effect October 
14, 1913. 

Fox, Williams Carlton — Born in St. Louis, Mo., May 20, 1855; 
educated at Washington University, St. Louis, and Penn- 
sylvania Military College; appointed Consul at Brunswick 
March 28, 1876; retired September 26, 1888; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Teheran August 24,1891; resigned October, 1892; 
secretary to Minister to Greece, Roumania, and Servia, 
1892-93; Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the American Re- 
publics July I, 1898; temporary Director and Secretary 
of the Bureau of the American Republics April 24, 1901; 
representative of the Bureau of the American Republics 
and disbursing agent of the delegation of the United States 
to the International Conference of American States held 
at Mexico City, October 22, igoi; appointed Director of the 
Bureau of the American Republics April 5, 1905; repre- 
sentative of the Bureau of the American Republics at the 
International Conference of American States held at Rio 
de Janeiro July 23, 1906; member Government boards of 
management, Pan-American E.xposition (19011, Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition (1904), and Lewis and Clark Exposi- 
tion (1905I; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Ecuador January 10, igo7; designated 
one of the arbitrators in the controversy between the (iov- 
ernment of Ecuador and the Guayaquil & Quito Railway 
Co. July 15, igo7; retired July 19, 1911. 



inoCRAI'llICAI. STATEMENT. 



119 



Francis, Charles Spencer — Born in Troy, X. \., June 17, 
1853; lii'iiie. Troy; attended Troy Academy and graduated 
from Cornell I'niversity, 1877; secretary to his father, who 
was American Minister at Athens, 1871-1873; officer on the 
staff of (iovernor Alonzo B. Cornell, of New York, and 
Major-General J. H. Carr, N, G. S. N. Y.; twice elected 
alumni trustee of Cornell University; director United 
National Bank, Troy, and Troy and Albany trust com- 
panies; editorial director and owner of the Troy Times; 
reffent I'niversity of tlie State of New York, ig:>3-i9o6; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Cireece December 20, iqoo; retired December 10, 
iqo2; appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to Austria-Huntcary March 22, iqo6; retired 
April I, igio. 

Furniss, Henry Watson— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., February 
14, 1868; graduate of Howard University (M. D., 1891; Ph. 
D., 18^5); post-graduate courses. Harvard medical school, 
1893, and New York Post-Graduate School, 1891; clerk 
United States Census Office, 1889-1892; surgeon Freedmen's 
Hospital, 1894-95; practiced medicine and surgery in In- 
dianapolis, 1896-97; appointed, after examination (January 
10, 1898), Consul at Bahia January 14, 1898; Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Haiti November 
23, 1905; retired September 17, 1913. 

Qage, Henry Tifft — Born near Geneva, N. Y., November 25, 
1852; home, Los Angeles, Cal.; educated in public schools 
of iVIichigan and by private tutors; practiced law in Cali- 
fornia for thirty years; was governor of California, 1899- 
1903; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Portugal December 21, 1909; retired March 
I, 1911. 

Gale, Esson McDowell— Born in Bad Axe, Mich., Decem- 
ber 8, 18S4; home, Ann Arbor, Mich.; educated in a pri- 
vate school in Germany and public schools in Michigan; 
graduate of the University of Michigan, A. B. (1907), 
A. M. (1908); assistant in European history. University of 
Michigan, 1907-8; appointed, after examination (April 7, 
iqo8). Student Interpreter in China June 4, iqo8; appointed 
Deputy Consul-General at Shanghai February 10, 1911; 
also Interpreter March i, igu; resigned March i, 1913. 

Gard, Allen— Born in Baltimore, Md., July 10, 1881; home, 
South Orange, N. J.; graduate of the Pratt Institute High 
School of Brooklyn and ^'ale University (Ph. B.), 1901; 
served as teacher in the Philippines, 1901-1915; district 
secretary, Lanao, Moro Province, 1906-7; governor, dis- 
trict of Lanao, Moro Province, 1957-8; appointed, after 
examination (May 26, 19091, Consul at Ceiba,, Honduras, 
August 2, 1910; Consul at Charlottetown August 19, 1911; 
died at Ceiba October 27, 1911. 

Gilford, George— Born in Maine November 19, 1842; home, 
Portland, Me.; educated at Colby University, Waterville, 
Me.; admitted to Maine bar, 1864; editor of Portland Daily 
Press; member of Maine Legislature; appointed Commer- 
cial Agent at Nantes May 31, [878; Consul at La Rochelle 
February 24, 1882: Consul at ( ognac May 9, 1883, but de- 
clined; appointed Consul at Basel January 11,1884; re- 
signed, to take effect June 30, 1913. 

Goldscbmidt.Louis— Born in Alsace-Lorraine in 1862; natu- 
ralized; educated in public schools and gymnasium; en- 
gaged in mercantile affairs at Dover, N. H.; lieutenant 
colonel in the First Regiment New Hampshire State Na- 
tional Guard; appointed, after examination (January 12, 
i8j8i. Consul at La Guaira January 17, 1898; Consul at 
Nantes October 13, 1904; retired October 2, 1913. 

Gracey, Samuel L.— Born in Philadelphia, J'a., in 1835; 
educated in the Philadelphia public schools and Boston 
University; minister for thirty years; army chaplain; 
served two terms in the Massachusetts Legislature; ap- 
pointed Consul at Foochow May 27, i8go; retired Decem- 
ber 31, 1893; reappointed April 5, 1897; f^'efi 'n West 
Newton, Mass., August 19, 1911. 

Gregory, jr., John Hanaford — Born in Florida August 23, 
1875; educated by tutor for five years in Paris; served as 
a captain at Santiago during the Spanish-American War; 
appointed, after examination ^October 29, 1907 1, Secretary 
of the Legation to Honduras and Salvador November 26, 
1907; Secretary of the Legation at Managua July 2, jgoS; 
Second Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople Au- 
gust 4, 1909; Second Secretary of the Embassy at Rio dc 
Janeiro February i, 1912, but did not proceed there; re- 
signed February 7, 1912. 

Griscom, Lloyd Carpenter— Born in Riverton, N. J., No- 
vember 4, 1872; home. New York City; graduate of the 
University of Pennsylvania, Ph. B. (1891), LL. D. (1906); 
attended the University of Pennsylvania law school, 1891- 
1893; New York Law School, 1895; Secretary to the.\meri- 



can Ambassador at Lonilon, 1893 .t; admitted to the bar of 
New York, 1896; deputy district attorney. New York, 1897; 
served in the volunteer army during the Sjianish-Amcrican 
War; appointed .Secretary of the Legation at Constanti- 
nople July 24, 1899; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Persia June 17, 1901; Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan Deceinber 16, 
1902; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to 
Brazil January 29, 1906; Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to Italy December 19, 1906: retired June 
14, 1939. 

Guentber, Richard— Born in Postdam, Prussia, in 1845; 
home, Oshkosh, Wis.; high-school education; served as 
school commissioner; State treasurer for two terms; Mem- 
ber of Congress for four terms; member and president of 
the Wisconsin State Board of Control; appointed Consul- 
General at Mexico City January 28, 1890; retired May, 
1893; appointed Consul-CJeneral at Frankfort November 
II, i8q8; Consul-General at Cape Town May 4, 1910; re- 
signed December 9, 1912; died in Oshkosk, Wis., .\pril 
5, 1913- 

Guild, Curtis— Born in Boston February 2, i860; home, 
Boston; graduate of Harvard LTniversity (A. B.), 1881; 
LL. D., Holy Cross College, 1906; Williams College, iqo8; 
S. T. D., University of Geneva, 1909; served from bill col- 
lector to editor of Commercial IJulletin of Boston and 
since 1902 has been sole owner of that paper; brigadier 
general State militia of Massachusetts at outbreak of 
Spanish-American War and served as lieutenant colonel 
and inspector general of the Seventh Corps; lieutenant 
governo'f of Massachusetts, 1902-1905, and governor, 1906- 
1909; appointed Special Delegate, with the rank of Am- 
bassador, to attend the ceremonies in Mexico City inci- 
dent to the celebration of the tirst centennial of the Re- 
public of Mexico July 5, 1910; Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Russia April 24, 1911; retired June 
24, 1913. 

Qummere, Samuel R.— Born in Trenton, N. J., February 
19, 1853; graduate of Princeton (A. B.), 1870; admitted to 
the bar of New Jersey in 1874 and practiced law at Trenton; 
secretary to the American Minister at The Hague, 1881- 
1884; appointed Consul-General at Tangier May 4, 1898; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Morocco March 8, i9'>5; member of the commission to rep- 
resent the United States at the Moroccan Conference No- 
vember 24, 1905; resigned as Minister and left Morocco 
June II, 1909. 

Hadley, Frank Wright- Born in Kansas City, Kans., Sep- 
tember 17, 1883; home, Los Angeles, Cal.; graduate of Uni- 
versity of California, 1906; in business in Los Angeles and 
Berkeley, 1906; appointed, after examination (August 14, 
1907), Student Interpreter in Japan August 27, 1907; Student 
Interpreter in China December 4, 1907; Vice and Deputy 
Consul-General at Tientsin December i, 1908; retired as 
Student Interpreter and appointed Interpreter also at 
Tientsin February 10, iqog; Vice-Consul-General and also 
Interpreter at Shanghai April 9, 1909; mixed court assessor; 
designated to exercise judicial authority and jurisdiction 
in civil and criminal cases August 10, 1909; resigned June, 
19'3- 

Halstead, Marshal — Born in Cincinnati, Ohio; home, New- 
York City; attended public schools and Princeton College; 
editor of the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette and connected 
with newspaper syndicates; engaged in newspaper work 
in London, England; appointed, after examination (No- 
vember 29, 1897), Consul at Birmingham December 18, 1897; 
resigned March 26, 1906. 

Hamilton, John E. — Home, Covington, Ky.; practiced law 
thirty-four years in Covington and Cincinnati; appointed, 
after examination (July 12, 1897), Commercial Agent at 
Morrisburg, Canada, July 13, 1897; Commercial Agent at 
Cornwall, Canada, July i, 1901; Consul at Cornwall June 
22, 1906; retired August 6, 1909. 

Hannah, Frank Sanford— Born in Moberly, Mo., April 10, 
1870; home, Evanston, 111.; attended public school at Mo- 
berly and graduated from high school in 1887; telegraph 
operator, 1888-1893; bank teller, 1890-1893; partner in con- 
cert agency, 1893-1899; traveled in Europe, 1899-1902; in 
insurance business in Chicago, 1902-1904; appointed, after 
examination (July 18, 1904), Consul at Magdeburg July 21, 
1904; Consul at Kehl June 24, 1910; resigned August 31, 
1911. 

Harmony, Julio — Born in Mexico of American parents in 
1847; attended private schools in New York and studied 
medicine in Paris; appointed Consul at Corunna, Spain, 
October 18, 1899; Consular .\gentat Corunna June 30, 1906; 
declined, and retired from the service. 



I20 



I5I0GRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Harris, Charles B. — Born reccnibtTy, 1813; c-ducated in tlic- 
Indiana public schools; enlisted in tlic Thirteenth Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry; clerk and boukkceper in various firms 
in (joshen; was deputy auditor of Elkhart County, Ind.; 
cashier of the First Hannibal National Bank; deputy 
auditor of Hennepin County, Minn.; commercial salesman; 
engaged in farming; was president of the Indiana State 
Board of Agriculture; appointed Consul at Nagasaki Oc- 
tober 21, 1897; Consul at Reichenberg March 30, 1907; re- 
signed, to lake effect July 9, 1910. 

Haskins, Tbomas Wilson — Born in Newtown, Conn., De- 
cember 10, 1879; attended the public schools of California 
nine years and the California State University three years; 
clerk in Los Angeles two years; appointed Student Inter- 
preter in China July 18, 1902; Assistant Chinese Secretary 
to the Legation to China June 4, 1904; Consul at Swatow 
June 24, 1908; died at Pe-tai-ho, China, July 12, 1908. 

Haynes, Thornwell — Born in Spartanburg, S. C, May 20, 
1868; home. Central, S. C; graduate of Wofford College, 
Spartanburg (A. B.), and Vandcrbilt L'niversity (A. M.i; 
engaged in teaching si.\ years; appointed Consul at Rouen 
May 22, 1900; Commercial Agent at V'ladivostok March 8, 
1905, but did not proceed there; Consul at Nanking June 
i3i '9°5i Consul-Cjeneral at Singapore March 30, 1907; 
retired February 7, 19C9. 

Haywood, William — Born in Washington, D. C, in i86j; 
employed ui the oflice of the clerk of the Court of Commis- 
sioners of Alabama Claims and as law clerk in the office of 
the counsel for the United States before said court, 1882- 
1885; confidential clerk to the Solicitor for the Departinent 
of State, 1S90 gi, and to the Assistant Secretary of State, 
1891-1896; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General 
at Honolulu, 1897-1900; collector of internal revenue for the 
district of Hawaii, 19J0; appointed Consul-General at 
Seoul June 2-', 1906; died in New Mexico December 19, 
1906. 

Heald, Perley C— Born in Lovell, Me., May 5, 1849; home. 
Midland, Mich.; attended public schools and Fryeburg 
Academy, Maine; county surveyor for ten yearsand mayor 
of Midland for two terms; State trespass agent two years; 
State senator one term; deputy dairy and food commis- 
sioner three years; appointed, after examination (Janu- 
ary 20, 1905), Commercial Agent at Wallaceburg, Ontario, 
January 24, 1905; Consul at Saigon June 22, 1906, hut did 
not proceed there; resigned September j8, igo6 

Henry, Harold Oliver— Born in Paris April 2, 1887, of Ameri- 
can parents; educated in Paris and Washington; look 
diploma of Bacheliercs-Lettres, University of Paris; in 
business in Europe, 1904-1906; with Gorham Manufactur- 
ing Co., Providence, R. I., as clerk and assistant in welfare 
work, 1906-1908; appointed, after examination (April 7, 
1908), Student Interpreter in China June 4, 19L8: Consular 
Assistant December 13, 1911; died in Peking January i. 
1912. 

Henry, William W. — Born in Waterbury, \'t., November 
21, 1831; attended public schools; Civil War veteran; 
United Stales marshal for the district of Vermont for 
seven years; appointed, after examination (July 8, 1897 1, 
Consul at Quebec July 17, 1897; retired August 5, 1939. 

Hibben, Paxton — Born in Indianapolis, Ind.' December 5, 
i88j; graduate of Princeton, 1903; took master's degree at 
Harvard (i9:)4) and spent one year in the Harvard law 
school; engaged in construction work for the Indianapolis 
Water Co. and reporter on Indianapolis News; admitted 
to practice at the bar of the supreme court of Indiana, 
1906; Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, 1909; 
home, Indianapolis, Ind.; appointed Third Secretary of 
the Embassy at St. Petersburg May 9, 1905; Second Sec- 
retary at Mexico Citv July 'S- 1906; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Bogotd June 10, 1908; Secretary of the Legation to 
the Netherlands and Luxemburg December 21, 1909; de- 
tailed to act as secretary of the International Tribunal on 
behalf of the United States in the Venezuelan Arbitration 
at The Hague September 28 to October 25, 1910; Honorary 
Delegate to the adjourned meeting of the International 
Congress for the purpose of promoting uniform legislation 
concerning letters of exchange held at The Hague Sep- 
tember, 191 1; Secretary of the Legation at Santiago, Chile, 
February i, 1912; retired July i, 1912. 

Hicks, John — Born in Auburn, N. V., April 12. 1847; home, 
Oshkosh, Wis.; graduate of Lawrence University, Apple- 
ton, Wis. (LL. D.), 1890; began newspaper work at the 
age of 20 on the Cishkosh Northwestern, of which he later 
became owner; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Peru March 30, 1889; resigned 
1893; made tour of Europe, 1895, and traveled in Egypt, 



Turkey, Italy, and France, 1899; appointed Envoy Ex- 
traordmary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Chile July 14, 
1905; resigned May 5, 1909. 

Higgins, John C— Born in Red Lion Hundred, Del., in 
1839; educated at the Newark Academy and Delaware 
College; railway supplies merchant in New York City; 
deputy collector of customs at Delaware City and Wil- 
mington; member of the Delaware House of Representa- 
tives, 1890-1892; engaged in farming; appointed, after ex- 
amination (June 30, i897>. Consul at Dundee July 5, 1897; 
retired September 30, 19 9. 

Hill, David Jayne — Born in Plaintield, N. J., June 10, 1850; 
graduate of Bucknell University, 1874; took courses at the 
universities of Berlin and Pans; degree of LL. D. con- 
ferred by Colgate University, University of Pennsylvania, 
and Union College; president, Bucknell University, 1879 
1888; president, Rochester University, 1888-1896; spent two 
years in study of public law of Europe; professor of Euro- 
pean diplomacy in George Washington University; author 
of many hooks; appointed Assistant Secretary of State 
October 25, 1898; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Switzerland January 7, 1903; Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Netherlands 
and Luxemburg March 15, 1905; Ambassador Extraordi- 
nary and Plenipotentiary to Germany April 2, 1908; retired 
September 2, igii. 

Hill, Frank Davis — Born in Pine Island, Minn., May 28, 
1862; home. Pine Island; educated at the University of 
Minnesota, National Law School, and Columbian Univer- 
sity law school; appointed Consul at Asuncion November 

5, 1887; Consul at Montevideo February 19, 1890; retired 
f)ctober 30, 1893; appointed Consul at La Guaira Novem- 
ber ^3, 189;; retired September 9, 1896; appointed Consul 
at Santos November 25, 1896; Consul at Amsterdam July 
19. 1899; Consul-CJeneral at St. Petersburg April 29, 1907; 
Consul-General at Barcelona March 10, 1908; Consul-Gen- 
eral at Frankfort on the Main May 4, 1910; died at post 
.May 23, 1U12. 

Hitt, Robert Stockwell Reynolds —Born in Paris, France, of 
American parents June 7, 1876; graduate of Yale Univer- 
sity, 1898; of Harvard University law school, 1901; ap- 
pointed Third Secretary of the Embassy at Paris July 18, 
igoi; Second Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin October 
13, 1902; Secretary of the Embassy at Rome March 25, 1905; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin June 10, 1908; Envoy- 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Panama 
December 21, 1909; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Venezuela June 2}, 1910, but did not go 
to post; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Guatemala September 17, 1010; retired September 
9, 1913. 

Hoefele, Philip Millard-Born in St. Louis, Mo., January 27, 
iS6g; attended the John Eyser Institute, St. Louis, three 
years, the public schools of St. Louis four years, and John- 
son's Commercial College, St. Louis, two years; stenog- 
rapher and confidential clerk in St. Louis, 1885-1890 and 
1893-1897; secretary to general manager of a railway com- 
pany in Los Angeles, Cal., 1891-92; private secretary to the 
American Ambassador to Mexico, 1897-1900; Third Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Mexico City April 30, 1900, to March 
I, 1906; Secretary of the Legation at Santo Domingo July 
31, 1908, to August, 1909; appointed clerk in the American 
Embassy at Vienna June 1. 1910; resigned September, 1913. 

Hoke, Joseph T.- -Born in Berkeley County, Va., in 1835; 
home, Kingwood, W. Va ; educated in commercial schools 
and colleges in Oberlin, Ohio, and Hillsdale and Ann 
Arbor, Mich.; member of the State Legislature; president 
of the Senate; judge of the circuit court of Kingwood, 
W. Va., for eleven years; appointed, after examination 
(October 8, 1897), Consul at Windsor, Nova Scotia, October 
8, 1897; resigned June 30, 1908. 

Holloway, William R. — Born in Richmond, Ind., December 

6, 1839; home, Richmond; private secretary to the governor 
of Indiana; owner and editor of the Indianapolis Sentinel; 
postmaster of Indianapolis for twelve years; founder and 
editor of Indianapolis Times; appointed Consul-General 
at St. Petersburg August 21, 1897; Consul-General at 
Halifax September 8, 1903; resigned July i, 1907; died in 
Indianapolis, Ind., December 30, igii. 

Hotchkiss, E. Scott— Born in Cairo, N. Y., March 27, 1837; 
home, Indejiendence, Wis.; public-school education; en- 
gaged in farming;, was sheriff for four years; book- 
keeper of the Wisconsin State Senate one term ; court com- 
missioner and justice of the peace for about four years; 
appointed, after examination (July 24, 1902), Consul at 
Brockville July 26, 1902; Consul at Calgary June 28, 1906; 
successor appointed September 18, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



121 



Hotscbick, George M.— Born in Suitiii, (U-niiaiiy, S'plcm- 
ber lo, 1852; naturalized November 16, iSyj; home, Madi- 
s(jn,Wis.; educated in public schools and the Royal (iyin- 
nasium at Stettin, Germany; was chief clerk of the Con- 
necticut Department of State; assistant chief clerk of the 
Connecticut State Land Office; editorial writer and corre- 
spondent; appointed, after examination (January 20, 1906I, 
Consul at Trieste February 2, lyof; died in Chicago, 111 , 
July 12, igii. 

Howard, Henry Clay— Born in Mount Sterling, Ky., Novem- 
ber 14, 1S60; educated in private schools; graduated from 
Columbian University law school, 1884, taking the master's 
degree in 1885; admitted to the bar in the District of Co- 
lumbia, 1885; clerk in Treasury Department, 1882-188.-;; 
admitted to the bar in t^ntucky, 1887; practiced law in 
Kentucky, 1887-1910; elected judge of the Bourbon County 
court, 1894; made referee in bankruptcy, i8q8; home, Paris, 
Ky.; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Peru January "18, igii; retired September g, 
I9I3- 

Howe, Church — Born in Princeton, Mass., December 18, 
iSig; public-school and academic education; enlisted as a 
jirlvate in the Civil War in 1861; promoted to be captain 
in the Fifteenth Massachusetts Regiment; brevet major, 
I'nited States Army; department commander. Grand Army 
of the Republic; admitted to the bar in 1870; engaged 
in stock raising in Nebraska, farming, banking, and rail- 
road constructing; several years vice-president of the Ne- 
braska extension of the Missouri Pacific Railroad; served 
twenty years as a member of the Nebraska State Legisla- 
ture, in both branches; was president of the First National 
Bank of .Auburn, Nebr.; appointed, after examination 
(June 24, 1897), Consul at Palermo July 26, 1897; Consul at 
Sheffield August 25, 1900; Consul-General at Antwerp Sep- 
tember 8, 1903; Consul-Cieneral at Montreal June 22, 1906; 
Con.sulat Manchester August 15. 1Q07; resigned October 11, 
1912. 

Howells, Joseph A.— Born in St. Clairsville, Ohio, Septem- 
ber I, 1832; home, Jefferson, Ohio; educated in the public 
schools of Hamilton, Ohio; member of the board of edu- 
cation of Jefferson for about twenty years; councilman 
one term; postmaster twenty-one years; member of the 
board of trustees of Wilberforce University for eighteen 
years; presidential elector from the nineteenth Ohio dis- 
trict, 1904; editor of the Ashtabula Sentinel; appointed, 
after e.xamination (October 26. 1005'. Consul at Turks 
Island October 30, 1935; resigned, to take effect July 7, 
1912; died in Auburndale, Fla., August 10, 1912. 

Hull.Willard Basherer— Born May 4. 1S84: graduate of Mar- 
shalltowiK l(ivva)higli school; appointed, after e.xamination 
(October 21, igo2>, .Student Interpreter in China November 
26, 1902; \"iceand Deputy Consul-General at Hankow Sep- 
tember iS, 1905; also appointed Interpreter March 27. 1907; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul-General and also Inter- 
preter at Canton February 21, 1908; Vice-Consul-General 
and also Interpreter at Shanghai November 27, 190S; 
resigned, to take effect December 31, 19 9 

Hutchinson, Norman — Born in San Francisco, Cal., August 
10, 1875; home, San Francisco; educated at the Belmont 
(Cal.) schools; " Bellerive ", V'evey, Switzerland; Cornell 
University ( LL. B.\ 1897; Ecole Libre des Sciences Poli- 
tiques, Paris; Merton College, O.xford, England; appointed 
Secretary of the Legation at Santiago, Chile, January 8, 
1902; Secretary of the Legation at Caracas March 24, 1904; 
Secretary of the Legation at Stockholm June 28, 1906; Sec- 
retary of the Legation and Consul-General to Roumania 
and Serviaand Secretary of the Diplomatic Agency in Bul- 
garia July 24, 1907; resigned September 26, 1909. 

Iddings, Lewis Morris — Born in Warren, Ohio, April 23, 
i8so; home. New York City; graduate of the L'niversity of 
Michigan (Ph. B.), 1872; Columbia University (LL. B.), 1881; 
admitted to the bars of New York and Colorado; on staff 
of New York Tribune, 1876-1889; Evening Post, 1889-1891; 
appointed Second Secretary of the Embas.sy at Rome Au- 
gust 3, 1S97; Secretary of the Embassy Januarj- 14, 1898; 
Agent and Consul-Cleneral at Cairo March 23, 1905; retired 
1910. ^ 

Ide, Henry Clay— Born at Barnet, Vt., September 18, 1844; 
graduate of Dartmouth College, 1866; degree of LL. D. 
conferred by Dartmouth (1900) and Tufts College (1903"); 
member of Vermont State Senate, 1882-1S85; United States 
Commissioner, Samoa, 1891; chief justice, Samoa, under 
joint appointment of Ergland, Germany, and United 
States, 1893-1897; member of Taft Commission on estab- 
lishment of civil government in Philippine Islands, 1900; 
secretary finance and justice for Philippines, 1901-1904; 
vice-governor of Philippines, 1904-5; acting governor, 



1005 6; governor-general, 1906; author of several books re- 
lating to the Philippines; director in several banks and 
manufacturing corporations; home, St. Johnsbury, Vt.; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Spain April 1, 1909; delegate to the Fourth Inter- 
national Congress for the Repression of the White-Slave 
Traffic, Madrid, i(3io; retired August 23, 1913. 

Jackson, John Brinckerhoff— Born in Newark, N. J., August 

19, 1862; graduate United States Naval Academy, 1883; 
commissioned ensign. United States Navy, 1885; resigned 
from Navy, 1886; studied law in the New \ork University 
law school and admitted to the bar in New York, 1889; 
degree of A. M. conferred by Princeton University, 1896; 
appointed Second Secretary of the Legation at Berlin 
December 30, 1890; Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin 
November 15, 1S94; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Greece, Roumania, and Servia October 
13, 1902; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Roumania, Servia, and Greece and Diplomatic 
Agent in Bulgaria June 5, 1903; representative of the United 
States at the coronation of King Peter of Servia at Bel- 
grade September 21, 1904; appointed Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Greece and Montenegro 
and Diplomatic Agent in Bulgaria March 8, 1905; delegate 
to the International Archsolojjical Congress, Athens, 1905; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Per- 
sia July I, 1907; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Cuba December 21, 1909; Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister l^lenipotentiary to Roumania, Servia, 
and Bulgaria August 12, 1911; special representative of 
the President, witli rank of Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary, at the celebration of the coming of 
age of the Crown Prince of Bulgaria February 2, 1912; 
retired C)ctober 28, 1913. 

Janes, Henry L.— Born in Racine, Wis., December 24, 
1879; gr.iduated at the University of Wisconsin, 1902, com- 
pleting also one year in the law school; M. A., L'niversity 
of Wisconsin, 1903; Scholarship in Political Science, Co- 
lumbia University, New York City, 1904; studied public 
law at Berlin and Paris following year; appointed Fellow 
in Political Science, University of Wisconsin, which posi- 
tion he resigned upon being appointed Second Secretary 
of the Legation at Habana, Cuba, in 1905; received the 
degree of Hh. D., Ulniversity of Wisconsin. 1908; appointed 
a delegate of the L'niversity of Wisconsin to the First 
Pan-.American Scientific Congress held at Santiago, Chile; 
Second Secretary of the Legation at Habara May 8, 1905; 
Secretary of the Legation at Santiago, Chile. June 29, 1906; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Rio de Janeiro June 10, 1908; 
Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople December 21, 
1909: Assistant Chief, Division of Latin-American Affairs, 
Department of State, June 22, 1910; secretary of and spe- 
cial disbursing officer in connection with the delegation 
representing the Government of the United States in the 
Commission of Jurists, Rio de Janeiro, June, 1912; arbi- 
trator in the controversy between the Government of 
Ecuador and the Ciuayaqiiil & Quito Railway Co. Novem- 
ber II, 1912; retired from the Department of State Decem- 
ber 12, 1912. 

Jay, Peter Augustus— Born in Newport, R. I., August 23, 
1877; home, Newport; attended Eaton College, England, 
five years and graduated from Harvard University (A. B.), 
1900; in business in New York, 1901-2; appointed Third 
Secretary of the Embassy at Paris October 13, 1902; Sec- 
ond Secretary of the Legation at Constantinople June s, 
1903; Secretary of the Legation September 8, 1903; Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Constantinople June 28, iqo6; Sec- 
retary of the Embassy at Tokyo June 21, 1907; Agent and 
Consul-General at Cairo December 21, 1909; retired Octo- 
ber, 1913. 

Jenkins, John — Born in France of Welsh parents in May, 
1838; attended school in France until 1851, then emigrated 
to the L'nited States; naturalized; home, Omaha, Nebr ; 
machinist, draftsman, and consulting engineer; appointed 
city boiler inspector in Omaha in 1885; deputy commissioner 
of labor and industrial statistics of Nebraska, 1887-1897; 
deputy county clerk for Douglas County in 1892; county 
commissioner, 1892-1897; appointed, after examination! July 
27, 1897), Consul at San Salvador July 27, 1897; Consul- 
(jeneral August 20, 1901; resigned June 23, 1907. 

Johnson, James W.— Born in Jacksonville, Fla,, June 17, 
1871; graduated from Atlanta University in 1904 (A. B. and 
A. M. 1; graduate student at Columbia L'niversity for three 
years; principal of the colored high school at Jackson- 
ville, Fla., for eight years; admitted to the bar in 1897; en- 
gaged in literary work; appointed, after examination 
(March 20, 1906), Consul at Puerto Cabello March 29, 1906; 
Consul at Corinto January 12, 1909; resigned September 1, 
1913- 



1 22 



lilOORAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



Johnston, James Horn in VVarringum, Enji'land, August 
31, 1851; naturalized; home, Patcrson. N. J.; attended pri- 
vate schools; school commissioner and high sheriff of Pas- 
saic County; appointed, after examination (July 16, 1897), 
Consul at Sheffield July 29, 1897; Consul at Palermo August 
25, igio; Consul at Hankow December 13, 190^; Consul at 
Algiers February 2, 1905; retired August 10, 1509. 

Jones, Tbomas C. — Appointed Consul at Funchal, Madeira, 
June 16, 1886; retired January 14, 1891; reappointed June 
22, 1893; retired March 31, 1906. 

Kaiser, Louis — Born in Fritzlar, (ierniany, July 29, 1842; 
naturalized; home, Bushnell, 111.; attended private school 
in Germany; merchant for thirty-seven years; mayor of 
Bushnell six years; member of board of education two 
years; member of the Illinois Legislature four years; 
appointed Consul at Mazatlan April i, 1898; retired July 3, 
1909. 

Kerens, Richard C— Born in Killberry, Ireland, in 18^2, 
and came to the United States in infancy; educated in 
public schools of Jackson County, Iowa; in the Union 
Army, 1861-1865; contractor for the Southern overland 
mail, controlling many frontier routes, and builder of sev- 
eral railway lines; home, St. Louis, Mo., since 1876; com- 
missioner at large from Missouri to World's Columbian 
E.xposition, 1892-93; Ihiitcd States Commissioner for Inter- 
continental Railway Commission, 1892-igoo; appointed 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Aus- 
tria-Hungary December 21, 1909; retired June 26, 1913. 

King, Hamilton — Born in St. John's, Newfoundland, June 
4, 1852; naturalized citizen of the United States; graduate 
of Olivet College, A. B. (1878), A. M. (1881); studied at 
Chicago Theological Seminary (,1878 79', Leipzig Univer- 
sity (1883-84), and American School at Athens (1884); author, 
preacher, lecturer; principal of the preparatory depart- 
ment, Olivet College, 1879-189S; appointed Minister Resi- 
dent and Consul-General to Siam January 14, 1898; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary April 27, 19^3; 
died at post September 2, 1912. 

King, Pendleton— Born in Nortli Carolina in 1844; gradu- 
ated from Haverford College and studied in Berlin and 
Paris; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Constan- 
tinople March g, 1886; served as Charge d'Affaires ad 
inti'riiH at various times; retired June 5, i8go; appointed 
Chief of the Bureau of Indexes and Archives June 1, 1894; 
Consul at Aix la Chapelle December 12, 1905; ciied in 
Giessen, (jermany, July 31, 1913. 

Kitchen, William Whitney —Born in Toronto, Canada, April 
6, 1875; naturalized in Buffalo. N. V , igo8; attended the 
public schools of Toronto and studied science at Toronto 
LTniversity two years; graduated from Toronto L'niver- 
sity (M. D.), 1899 ; practiced medicine in Buffalo, 1899-1910; 
home, Gulfport, Miss.; appointed, after examination {Janu- 
ary 16, iQii), Consul at Teneriffe March 2, igii; died at 
post October 16, 1912. 

Knowles, Horace Greeley— Born in Delaware in 1863; home, 
Wilmington, Del.; graduate of Delaware College; prac- 
ticed law in Newcastle County. Del.; appointed Consul 
at Bordeaux June 20, i88j; retired July i6. 1893; appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Roumania and Servia January 16, 1907; Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Roumania and 
Servia and Diplomatic Agent in Bulgaria July i, 1907; En- 
voy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Nica- 
ragua January 11, igog; Minister Resident and Consul- 
General to Santo Domingo December 21, igog; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bolivia June 
24, 1910; retired August 23, 1913. 

Landon, Francis Q. — Graduate of Princeton University, 
1881; member of Seventh Regiment, National Guard, New 
York, for twenty years, serving as regimental adjutant 
four years and captain seven years; member of Assembly 
of New York three years; appointed Third Secretary of 
the Embassy at Berlin October 19, 1904; Second Secretary 
of the Embassy at Vienna March 17, 1905; retired June i, 
1937. 

Lang, Paul— Born in Bath, N. H., July i, i86u; educated 
at New Hampshire and 'Vermont academies and at Dart- 
mouth College; admitted to the bar in 1882; practiced 
law; appointed, after examination tjuly 7, 1897), Consul 
at Sherbrooke July 15, 1897; died at post October 31, 1911. 

Ledoux, Urbain J.— Born in St. Helena, Quebec, August 
n, 1874; naturalized; home, Biddeford, Me.; attended pub- 
lic and parochial schools in Biddeford; St. Mary's College, 
Marieville, Quebec, three years; graduated from 'V'an 
Buren College; studied law two years; newspaper editor; 
appointed, after examination (July 21, 1S97), Consul at 



Three Rivers, Canada, July 28, 1897; Consul at Prague 
September 8. 1903; Consul at Santos March 30, 1907, but 
did not go to pjsl; resigned June 4, 1917. 

Lee, Joseph Wilcox Jenkins — Born in Maryland October 9, 
1870; home, Knoxville, Md.; educated at the University of 
Maryland; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Panama 
March 31, 1904; Consul-CJeneral at Panama March i, 1905; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Ecuador September 18, 1905; Envoy El.vtraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Guatemala and Honduras 
January 10, 1907; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to (iuatemala July i, 1907; resigned March i, 
1908. 

Leffingwell, Albert — Born in Aufora, N. Y., February 13, 
1845; home, Aurora; attended Cayuga Lake Academy three 
years, Hamilton College(M. D.^and studied at Long Island 
College Hospital three years; engaged in literary work 
and scientific studies; justice of the peace, 1902-1904; ap- 
pointed Consul at Warsaw June 9, 1905; resigned Septem- 
ber 29, igj6. 

Leisfaman, John G. A.— Born in Pittsburgh, Pa , March 28, 
1857; home, Pittsburgh; in steel brokerage business, 1881- 
1886; vice-president Carnegie Bros. & Co. and president 
of Carnegie Steel Co., 1886 -i8g7; appointed Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Switzerland 
June 9, i3 j7; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Turkey December 20, 1900; Ambassador Ex- 
traordinary and Plenipotentiary June 18, igo6; Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Italy April i, 1909; 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Ger- 
many August 12, 1911; retired October 4, 1913. 

Le Roy, James A. — Born in Pontiac, Mich., December 9, 
187s; home, I'ontiac; attended public schools two years 
and the University of Michigan three years (A. B.); 
engaged in newspaper work in Detroit, New York, and 
Washington; served in the Philippine Islands, 1900 -1902, in 
the capacity of private secretary; newspaper and maga- 
zine correspondent; appointed, after examination (July 28, 
19531, Consul at Durango August 7, 1903; Consul at Nogales 
March 30, igoy, but did not go to post; resigned August 11, 
ig37; died at Fort Bayard, N. Mex., in February, 1909. 

Lieber, Peter — Born in DUsseldorf in 1834; naturalized; 
home, Indianapolis, Ind; attended high school; Civil War 
veteran; engaged in business in Inaianapolis; appointed 
Consul at Diisseldorf May 12, 1893; retired November, 1897; 
reappointed November 29, 1899; retired June 30, 1908. 

Lieberknecht, Adam — Born in Germany in J837; natural- 
ized; home, Geneseo, N. Y.; learned the printer's trade in 
New York; owner and editor of the Geneseo Republic; 
appointed Consul at Tampico August 16, 1890; retired Oc- 
tober, 1893; appointed Consul at Zurich July 17, 1897; Con- 
sul at Aden June 22, 1908, but did not go to jjost; retired 
June 30, 1908. 

Liefeld, Ernest Tbeophilus — Born in New Haven, Conn., 

February 8, i860; home, New Haven; attended public 
school, high school, normal school, and Yale and Leipzig 
universities; teacher in New Haven high school, 1885-1895; 
private tutor in New Hampshire; appointed, after examina- 
tion (November 2, 1897), Consul at Freiburg November 3, 
i8g7; retired June 30, 1908. 

Linard, Drew Jones — Born October 21, t866; educated at 
private schools, San Mateo (Cal.) Military Academy, and 
Burlington (N. J.) College; engaged in civil eng'ineering for 
twenty years in Chile, Peru, Yucatan, Mexico, and the 
United States; appointed, after examination (March 14, 
1907!, Consul at Ceiba March 30, 1907; retired October 21, 
igm. 

Lyon, Ernest — Born September 22, i860, in Belize, British 
Honduras; naturalized in New York October 9, 1894; grad- 
uate of New Orleans University and of Union Theological 
Seminary; spent nineteen years as a minister of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church in New York, Baltimore, and 
Louisiana; appointed Minister Resident and Consul-Gen- 
eral at Monrovia, Liberia, March 16, 1903; retired August 
22, igro. 

MacClintock, Samuel — Born June 22, 1872; graduated from 
the University of Chicago in 1896; was instructor in the 
Armour Institute of Technology and the Princeton-Yale 
Academy; engaged in mining and lumbering in West Vir- 
ginia; spent year at the I'niversity of Chicago in graduate 
study; teacher, principal, and member of a provincial 
school board in the Philippines, 1901-1906; studied political 
science at the I'niversity of Chicago and received decree 
of Ph. D. in 1908; appointed, after examination (April 7, 
igo8). Consul at Tegucigalpa May 31, igog; Consul at 
Puerto Cortes December 16, igog; resigned to take effect 
April 16, igio. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATKM H\l' 



I 2 



McCormkk, Robert Sanderson Born in Rockbridf^c County, 
Va., July 26, 1849; home, Chicago, 111.; educated at the 
Cniversity of Chicago and the University of Virginia; ap- 
pointed Second Secretary of the Legation at London 
April 20, 1889; retired July, iSgi; ofticial representative of 
the World's Columbian Exposition in London, 1892 y.^; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Austria-Hungary March 7, 1901; Ambassador Ex- 
traordinary and Plenipotentiary May 27, 19^2; Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Russia September 
^6, 1902; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to France March 8, 1905; retired March 2, 1907. 

McCreery, Fenton R.— Born in Flint, Mich., April 21, 1866; 
educated at the Michigan Military Academy and the L'ni- 
versityof Michigan; home, Flint, Mich.; clerk in Consulate 
at Valparaiso, 1890 gi; appointed Secretary of the Legation 
at Santiago, Chile, November 7, 1891; retired May, 1S93; 
appointed Secretary of the Legation at Mexico City April 
8, 1897; served as Charge d'Affaires from August 4, 1905, 
to March 7, igo6; appointed Minister Resident and Consul- 
General to Santo Domingo January 10, 1907; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 10 Honduras 
December 21, 1909; resigned July i, igii. 

McFarland, Silas Clark — Born in Mount Pleasant, Iowa, in 
i860; educated in the public schools and a denominational 
university; postmaster, Marshalltown, Iowa, four years; 
publisher; appointed, after examination. Consul at Not- 
tingham January 7, 1899; Consul at Reichenberg June n, 
iQoj\ Consul-Gencral at St. Gall March 30, 1907; Consul- 
General at Large June 10, igoS; died f')ctober 24, ig 18. 

McGoogan, George Byron — Born in Zanesville, Ind., Janu- 
ary 3, 1863; home. Fort Wayne, Ind.; attended public school 
at Zanesville and graduated from Fort Wayne College 
of Medicine; clinical course in Post-Graduate Medical 
College, Chicago; taught school four years; practicing 
physician, 1889-1898; studied law; admitted to the bar in 
Indiana April 23, 1910; in the revenue service, 1898-1906; 
appointed, after examination (June 22, 1906), Consul at La 
Paz, Mexico, June 27, 1906; Consul at Progreso June 2, 1909; 
Consul at Georgetown August 19, 1911; died at Mobile, 
Ala., August 29, igii. 

McMackio, John — Born in Ireland June 24, 1850; father 
naturalized; attended the National School in Ireland eight 
years and Cooper Institute, New York, 1868-1870; special 
inspector of customs. New York, 1889-1893; employed 
under the New York State government, 1894-1905; ap- 
pointed Consul at Georgetown July 18, igo5; died in New- 
York State August 13, 1906. 

MacMaster, Frederic DuOcan — Born in Saratoga Springs, 
N. Y., September 14, i868; attended public schools and 
medical college; chief clerk, paymaster's office, Santiago 
de Cuba, one year; adjutant general's office, Habana, two 
years; volunteer service in the Army May to August, 1898; 
contract surgeon August i, 1898, to May, 1899; secretary 
to deputy police commissioner, New York City, one year; 
appointed, after examination (February 24, 1905), Consul 
at Zanzibar March 8, 1915; retired December 31, igo6. 

McMillan, Neal — Born in Huntington, Quebec, December 
25, 1845; naturalized; moved to Michigan in 1847; attended 
public schools in Detroit and Grand Rapids; taught school 
for several years; in drug business; member of the Michi- 
gan Legislature four years; State oil inspector four years; 
appointed, after examination (January 3, 1898), Consul at 
Sarnia January 10, i8g8; retired August 31, 19 g 

Magill, Samuel E.— Born in Erie, Pa., in 1861; home, Chi- 
cago, 111.; attended Lafayette College, Easton, Pa.; em- 
ployed as clerk in the American Consulate at Cardenas, 
iS8£-82; engaged in the coal and real-estate business in 
Chicago until 1897; appointed clerk in the Consulate at 
Cardenas October, 1881; retired August, 1882; appointed, 
after examination, Consul at Tampico July 17, 1897; Con- 
sul-General at San Salvador May 25, 1907; Consul at 
Guadalajara June 10, igoS; died in Hot Springs, Ark . 
January 29, 1913. 

Magoon, Charles E. — Born in Steele County, Minn., Decem- 
ber 5, 1861; home, Lincoln, Nebr.; attended high school at 
Owatonna, Minn., the I'niversity of Nebraska, and gradu- 
ated from Monmouth College (LL. D.», 1905; admitted to 
the bar, 1882, and practiced law at Lincoln, Nebr., 1882- 
1889; judge advocate, with rank of major, Nebraska Na- 
tional Guard; law oHicer, Bureau of Insular Affairs, War 
Department, iSgg 1904; general counsel. Isthmian Canal 
Commission, 1904-5; member of the Isthmian Canal Com- 
mission, and governor of the Canal Zone, 1905-6; appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Panama July 3, 1905; retired October 12, 1906. 



Malmros, Oscar — Born in Kiel, (jermany, May 16, 1825; 
naturalized; educated by private tutors, at the Kiel Gym- 
nasium, and the Cniversity of Kiel; came to the tlnitcd 
States in 1847; member of the Wisconsin Legislature, 
1851 52; in 1859 was court commissioner for Ramsey County, 
Minn.; adjutant general of Minnesota, 1861 1865; appointed 
Consul at Galatz, Roum.ania, March 11, 1865; retired in 1867; 
appointed Consul at Winnipeg April 20, 1869; Consul at 
Pictou May 4, 1871.; retired October, 1881; appointed Con- 
sul at Leith February 4, 1884; Consul at Cognac February 
22, 1887; Commercial Agent at St. Etienne October 12, 1888; 
retired April, 1890; appointed Consul at Denia October i. 
iSgo; retired July 18, 1892; appointed Consular Agent at 
Markneukirchen June 15, i8g8; retired October 8, 1950; ap- 
pointed Consul at Colon February 8, 1901; reappointed 
May 3, 19^4; appointed Consiil at Rouen March 8, 19^5: re- 
tired June 23, igog; died at Rouen August 28, igog. 

Man, Ernest A. — Born in Pennsylvania in 1849; military 
and high school education; studied law six years and ad- 
mitted to the bars of New York and New Jersey; planter 
in Florida, i8g3-i8g6; appointed Consul at (joteborg Feb- 
ruary 2^, 1887; retired December q, iSgo; appointed Consul 
at Bergen May 15, i8g6; retired August 4, iSgS; appointed 
Consular Agent at Schiedam October 27, 1898; Consul at 
Breslau March 8, 1901; Consul-General at Copenhagen 
June 22. igo6; Consul at Leghorn June 24, 1907; resigned 
January 21, roii. 

Manning, Bernard — Born in Sumter County, S. C, March 
13, i88g; attended private school two years, the public 
schools of Sumter seven years, and graduated from the 
L'niversity of South Carolina (A. B.) after a four years' 
course; assistant bookkeeper in the Bank of Sumter and 
secretary to its president; appointed, after examination 
(June 27, igro). Student Interpreter in Turkey December 
20, igio, but did not serve; appointed Consular Assistant 
March 3, igii; Vice and Deputy Consul-General at Genoa 
October 7, igii; resigned January 11, 1912. 

Manton, Benjamin D. — Born in Providence, R. I., 1829; 
attended public school; became a sailor; commander in 
the China and Australia trade; volunteer lieutenant and 
commander in the Civil War; in employ of Brazil, trans- 
porting troops in the Paraguayan War; built steamship 
docks in Colonia; installed telephone system.s in Argentina 
and in Uruguay; installed electric-lighting system in 
Colonia, Uruguay; plantation owner; appointed Consul at 
Colonia November 5, 1869; retired June 30, 1906; died at 
Barbados, West Indies, July 30, 1911. 

Marsh, Richard Ogelsby— Born in Washington, D. C, 
March 27, 1882; educated in the public schools of Wash- 
ington, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the 
University of Lausanne, Switzerland (C. E.); recorder, 
United States Army Engineer Corps, 1903-4; topographer, 
Mexican International Railway Co., igo4; correspondent 
in China of the London Times, )gj6; observer, United 
States Coast and Geodetic Survey in Philippines, 1906; 
resident engineer, Philippine Railroad Co., 1906-7; assistant 
engineer, Bolivia National Railroad, 1907-8; engineer and 
agent of private business concerns, visiting London and 
Costa Rica, igo8-igio; appointed, after examination(March 
I, igto). Secretary of the Legation at Panama March 31, 
igio; assigned to duty as clerk at Si, 600 in the Division of 
Latin-American Affairs, Department of State, September 
16, 1910; Third Secretary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg 
January 27, 191 1, but did not proceed there; resigned 
March g, igii. 

Martin, Lewis A. — Born in Maiden, VV'. Va., December 29, 
1838; attended public and private schools; was in the Civil 
War; served five terms in the West Virginia Legislature; 
practiced law for twenty-seven years; appointed, after ex- 
amination (July 18, igoi), Consul at Ciudad Porfirio Diaz 
July 18, 1901; Consul at Chihuahua October 21, 1907; re- 
tired September 17, 1909. 

Martin, William— Born in Exeter, England, March 1. 1848; 
emigrated to the United States in 1855; naturalized; home, 
Dunkirk, N. Y ; attended East Greenwich (R. I.l Seminary 
and Chamberlain Institute, Randolph, N. Y.; Methodist 
Episcopal minister, 1871-1885- mayor of Dunkirk, N. \., 
1891; appointed Consul at Chinkiang October 19, 1897; 
Consul at Nanking May 19, 1907; Consul-General at Han- 
kow February 3, 1905; resigned June 30, 1909. 

Mason, Frank H.— Born in Niles, Ohio, April 24, 1S40; 
home, Cleveland; educated in public schools and Hiram 
College (Ohioi; served as private, lieutenant, and captain 
in the Civil War; reporter, editorial writer, and managing 
editor of the Cleveland Leader, 1866-1880; appointed Con- 
sul at Basel February 20, 1880; Consul at Marseille Janu- 
ary II, 1884; Consul-General at Frankfort June 20, i88g; 



124 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEM ENT. 



Consul-General at Berlin November ii, 1898; Consul-Gen- 
era 1 at Paris March 8, igos; Special Commercial Expert 
Attach^ of the Embassy to France June 18, 1008; resigned 
May 24, igi3, and successor appointed September 18, iqi3. 

May, Henry Coleman — Born in San Rafael, Cal., August 7, 
1884; educated at Georgetown I'nivcrsity and Harvard 
I'niversity; home, Washington, D. C; private secretary 
to the Minister to Panama, 1406-7; appointed, after exami- 
nation (August 6, u)07), Secretary of the Legation at 
Panama November 26, 1907; Third Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at St. Petersburg June 10, 1908; Secretary of the Le- 
gation at Stockholm August 4, 1909; retired April 25, 1912. 

Merrill, Selah — Born in Connecticut May 2, 1837; attended 
Willeston Seminary (Easthampton, Mass.), Yale University 
(A. M.), the New Haven Theological Seminary, Union 
College {LL. D.i, and Iowa College (D. D.l; chaplain in 
the Civil War; studied two years in Berlin; taught at 
Andover; spent two years in exploration worlc east of the 
Jordan; appointed Consul at Jerusalem March 31, 1882; re- 
tired October, 1885; reappointed February 27, 1891; retired 
October, 1893; reappointed January 22, 1898; appointed 
Consul at Georgetown March 30, 1907; Consul at Stettin 
June 10, 1908, but did not go to post; resigned September 
18, 1908; died January, 1909. 

Merry, William Lawrence- Born in New York in 1842; re- 
ceived an academic education; captain of steamships en- 
gaged in California trade and served with Pacific Mail 
Steamship Co. until 1874; general ag:ent Central American 
Transit Co. and North American Steamship Co. on the 
Nicaraguan Isthmus three years; agent United States 
Mail Steamship Co. on the Panam.a Isthmus one year; 
presi:;ent North American Navigation Co.; president San 
Francisco Chamber of Commerce seven years and several 
years a trustee; Consjl-General of Nicaragua on Pacific 
coast six years; author of "The Nicaraguan Canal, the 
Gateway between the Oceans ", "The Problem of Cheap 
Transportation", etc.; appointed Envoy E.\traordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Nicaragua, Costa Rica, 
and Salvador July 17, 1897; Envoy E.xtraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Nicaragua and Costa Rica De- 
cember 12, 1907; Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Costa Rica July i, 1908; resigned July 28, 
1911; died in Battle Creek, Mich., December 14, '1911. 

Metcalf, Horace W. — Born in Damariscotta, Me., May 28, 
1833; educated at Lincoln Academy, Newcastle, Me., and 
at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary; bookkeeper for ship- 
building firm in Damariscotta, 1850-1856; became member 
of the firm, 1856; in shipping and commission business in 
Baltimore, 1860-61; member of the firm of B. D. Metcalf 
& Sons, shipbuilders and owners, 1863; in shipping and 
commission business in Philadelphia, 1868; coal business, 
1876; shipbuilding, 1885; appointed Consul at Newcastle- 
on-Tyne December 13, 1890; retired June, 1893; conducted 
a business agency in New York, 1895; reappointed Consul 
at Newcastle on-Tyne June 2s, 1897; resigned January 12, 
1912. 

Meyer, George von L. — Born in Boston, Mass., June 24, 
1858; home, Hamilton, Mass.; graduate of Harvard, A. B. 
(1879,) LL. D. (1911); merchant and trustee, 1879-1899; 
director of various manufacturing and banking companies; 
member Bo.ston Common Council, 1889-90; Board of Alder- 
men, 1891; member of the House of Representatives of 
Massachusetts, 1892-1S97, and speaker, 1891-1897; appointed 
Ambassador fixtraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Italy 
December 14, 1900; Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni- 
potentiary to Russia March 8, 1905; retired March, 1907. 

Michael, William H.— Born in Ohio July 14, 1845; attended 
public schools, Bacon's College (Cincinnati), and the State 
University of Iowa; taught school; mustered into the United 
States volunteer infantry service September 21, 1861; hon- 
orably discharged therefrom on account of injuries sus- 
tained in and subsequent to the battle of Shiloh October 
23, 1862; reentered the service in 1S63 for duty in the Mis- 
sissippi Squadron, United States Navy, as master's mate; 
was promoted in 1864 for gallant conduct in action, and 
was honorably discharged with the thanks of the Govern- 
ment in June, 1866; correspondent; editor Daily Sioux City 
Journal; editor and newspaper proprietor in Nebraska; 
admitted to the bar in 1880; appointed Clerk of Printing 
Records, United States Senate, and editor and compiler of 
the Congressional Directory and the Abridgment of Mes- 
sages and Documents June, 1887, and served in that 
capacity for six years; was again in 1895 employed by the 
Senate as editor of the Directory and Abridgment, and 
performed that duty two years; appointed Chief Clerk of 
the Department of State May 20, 1897; Consul-General at 
Calcutta November 16, 1905; resigned December 23, 1912. 



Miles, Basil -Born in Philadelphia, Pa, June 20, 1877; 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania (A. B. 1,1897, 
and 0.\ford University (B. Litt. 1,1905; engaged for two 
years with a manufacturing concern in Philadelphia; 
taught school for three years; traveled in Europe two 
years; private secretary to the Ambassador to Russia, 
1905-6; appointed Third Secretary of the Embassy at St. 
Petersburg August 24, 19^6; Third Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Berlin May 21, 1907; Second Secretary of the 
Embassy at Mexico City June 10, 1908, but did not qualify; 
retired September i, igo8. 

Miller, Henry B.— Born in 1855; public and high school 
education; employed in the customs service at Portland, 
Oreg., 1879-80; manager of mercantile institutions for 
fifteen years; president of the Oregon State Board of Hor- 
ticulture, 1899-1900; president of the State Agricultural 
College; fruit grower; appointed Consul at Chungking 
March 6, 1900; Consul at Nevvchang March 20, 1901; Consul- 
General May r2, 1904; Consul-General at Yokohama March 
8, 1905; Consul at Belfast August 27, i9-;9; resigned, to take 
effect November 8, igio. 

Miller, J. Martin Born in St. Mary's, Va. (now W. Va.), 
June 24. 1859; attended the public schools of Wheeling and 
Penningt(m Seminary, New Jersey; war correspondent in 
Philippines and China; Washington correspondent of a 
Newark newspaper for three years and special correspond- 
ent abroad; appointed, after examination (March 24, 1905), 
Consul at Ai.\ la Chapelle March 24, 1905; Consul-General 
at Auckland September 9, 1905, but did not go to post; ap- 
pointed Consul at Reims November 7, 1905; resigned De- 
cember 31, 1907. 

Mills, William Wallace— Born in Indiana in 1837; home. El 
Paso, Tex : attended high school; collector of customs at 
El Paso for seven years; deputy marshal in the Internal- 
Revenue Service; horticulturist; appointed, after exami- 
nation (October 16, 1897), Consul at Chihuahua October 19, 
1897; resigned March 31, 1907; died in Austin, Tex , Feb- 
ruary 10, 1013. 

Moffat, Thomas Parker— Born in Elmira, N. Y. April 7, 
1866; attended public school and graduated from I'nion 
College, Schenectady, N. ^'., in 18S8; employed in the 
transportation department of the F^rie Railroad about two 
years; cashier and managing clerk of the foreign depart- 
ment of Wells Fargo Express Co.; expert accountant in 
the office of the comptroller of New York City; appointed 
Consul at Turks Island January 8, 1903; Consul at La 
(iuaira September 30, 1905; detailed as \'ice-Consul at 
Trinidad September i, 1^08; in charge from September i, 
1908; appointed Consul February 17, 1909; Consul at Blue- 
fields Mav 31, 1909; Consul at Managua January 20, 1911; 
resigned March 29, 191 1. 

Monroe, jr., Qustavus Lane— Born in Vicksburg, Miss., De- 
cember 12, 1878; home, X'icksburg: educated under tutors 
and at Winchester School, University of Mississippi, L^ni- 
versity of California, and (ieorge WashingtonUniversity; 
appointed, after examination (September 30, 1907), Secre- 
tary of the Legation at La Paz, Bolivia, October u, 1907; 
Secretary of the Legation at San Jose, Costa Rica, May 

15, 1909; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General at 
Bangkok February i, iqu, but did not proceed there; re- 
signed March 28, 1912. 

Moore, Fred R. — Born in Prince William County, Ya., June 

16, 1857; attended graded schools of Washington, D. C; 
messenger in Treasury Department; employed in a national 
bank for eighteen years; organizer and secretary National 
Negro Business League, 1914-1917; deputy collector of 
internal revenue for two months in 1904; publisher the 
Colored American Magazine, 1904- 1907; publisher the New- 
York Age since 1907; appointed Minister Resident and 
Consul-General to Liberia March 3, 1913; qualified but did 
not go to his post. 

Moore, Thomas Ewing— Born in Lancaster, Ohio, January 
II, 1867; educated at Phillips Exeter Acaderny, George- 
town University, and Maryland Agricultural College; ap- 
pointed Commercial Agent at St. Hyacinthe July i, 1889; 
Commercial Agent at Erfurt March 7, 1892; Commercial 
Agent at Weimar August 19, 1893; Consul at'VVeimar Janu- 
ary 6, 1899; Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General 
to Roumania and Servia March 10, 1905; Secretary of the 
Legation at Peking June 28, 1906; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Lisbon April 26, 1907; resigned, to take effect June 
10, 1908. 

Morawetz, Albert R.— Born in Baltimore, Md., July 25, 1859; 
educated in private schools in Baltimore, in Germany, and 
in Switzerland; engaged in mining; appointed Vice and 
Deputy Consul at Nogales February 4, 1898; Consul Novem- 
ber 21, 1902; Consul at Bahia February 13, 1906; Consul- 
General at Large August 14, 1907; Consul at Leipzig 
January 12, 1910; retired June 30, 1912. 



HIOCRArillCAL STATEMENT, 



125 



Morey, William —H(HTi ill Ihmipclcn. Mc, in 1837; followed 
the sea and became a captain; went to Ceylon in 1801; ap- 
pointed Commercial Agent at Cohjmbo February 8, 1873; 
retired April 17, 1874; appointed Consul at Colombo August 
y, 1877; retired July 16, 1907. 

JVtoriarty, jr., George Andrews — Born in Newport, R. 1., 
I'ebruary i.(, 1883; attended St. George's School (Newport 1, 
Christ Church College (d.xford), 1905-6, and graduated 
Ironi Harvard University, A. B. (1906), A. M. (1907 1; ap- 
pointed Consular Agent at Fiumc, Hungary, October .'9, 
19J7; Vice and Deputy Consul June 17, ly >8; appointed, 
after examination (May 17, 19091, Third Secretary of the 
Embassy at Mexico City August 4, 1909; Second Secretary 
of the Embassy at Mexico City August r2, 1910; Secretary 
of the Legation at Ctuatemala January 27, 1911; resigned 
March 7, 191 1. 

Moses, George Higgins — Born in Lubec, Me., February 9, 
1869; graduate of the high school of Franklin (N. H.), of 
the i^hillips Exeter Academy, 1887, and of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, (A. B.) 1890; took A. M. degree, 1893; private secre- 
tary to the governor of New Hampshire, 1889; entered 
office of the Concord Evening Monitor, 1890, and was 
managing editor of that paper, 1892-1909; secretary New- 
Hampshire State Board of Forestry Commission, 1893-1907; 
during the session of the Portsmouth Peace Conference, 
iQos, served as private secretary to the governor of New 
Hampshire; member of the board of education of Concord, 
1902-1909; home, Concord, N. H.; appointed Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Greece and 
Montenegro April 5. 1909; resigned July 12, 1912. 

Mowrer, Frank Roger— Born in Xenia, Ohio, July 7, 1870; 
attended the public schools of Ohio; Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, 1SS8 89; Cornell University, 1890 91 and 189^-94 
(LL. B); admitted to the bar in Ohio in 1893 and practiced 
law- at Xenia, 1895-1897; appointed Marshal at Yokohama 
December 18, 1897; retired July 16, 1899; appointed Marshal 
at Canton July 22, 1899; retired November 16, 1900; ap- 
pointed Consul at Antigua January 9, 1901; Consulat Ghent 
October 17, 1901; Consul-General at Adis Ababa June 22, 
1906; Consul at Leghorn April 12, 1907; Consul-tieneral 
at Copenhagen June 24, 1907; resigned July 27, 1909. 

Nash, Paul - Born in Geneva, N. V., April 28, 1877; edu- 
cated by private tutor, at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, and abroad; appointed Secretary of tlie Lega- 
tion and Consul-General at Bangkok February 19, 1903; 
Consul at Venice October 10, i9:>4; Consul at Vladivostok 
March 30, 1907; Consul at Reims March 10, 1908; Consul- 
General at Budapest June i, 1908; died in London January 
6, 1913. 

Nason, Charles Pinckney Holbrook Born in Newburyport, 
Mass., September 7, 1842; attended high school; graduated 
from Williams College in 1862, and attended Andover 
Theological Seminary; with Army of the Potomac and in 
the Government service at Washington, D. C, 1863-1865; 
in business in Chicago and Cincinnati, 1865-1870; clergy- 
man in Presbyterian and Congregational churches for 
many years; writer and lecturer; appointed, after exami- 
nation (July 2, 1901), Consul at Grenoble July 5, 1901; 
resigned, to take effect October 20, 1913. 

Neely, Roy H. — Born in Mattoon, 111., January 17, 1876; at- 
tended public schools and business college in Topeka, 
Kans.; clerk and stenographer in the War and Treasury 
Departments; appointed Consular Clerk March 31, 1904, 
and served in the Consulate-General at Habana, 1904-1907; 
resigned June 30, 1907. 

Neill, Richard Renshaw— Born in Philadelphia, Pa,, Octo- 
ber 20, 1845; received an academic education; served nine 
months as corporal in the Keystone Light Artillery of 
Philadelphia during Civil War; entered the United States 
Marine Corps as second lieutenant, 1C65; served on the 
coast of Brazil; promoted to first lieutenant, 1871; resigned 
1873; appointed Secretary of the Legation at Lima July 5, 
1884; retired September 19, 1909. 

Nicolson, Donald-Born in Glasgow, Scotland. April 16, 
i886; father naturalized during minority; educated in pub- 
lic schoolsof Newton, Mass., and spent two years at Brown 
L'niversity; employed in a foundry and by a street railway 
company; wasa school teacherin Porto Rico; special agent 
of the United States Immigration Commission; home, New- 
ton, Mass.; appointed, after examination (January 30, 191 1), 
Student Interpreter in Turkey March 10, 191 1; resigned 
February 20, 1913. 



Northcott, Elliott Born in Clarksburg, W. Va., April 26, 
18J9; graduate of Northwestern Academy, Clarksburg; 
studied one year in McCabes' School, Petersburg, and 
one year in the law department, University of Michigan; 
admitted to the bar in West Virginia, 1891; practiced law in 
Huntington, 1891 1909; city attorney of Huntington, 1897; 
assistant United States attorney for the district of West 
Virginia, 1898-1935; United States attorney for the south- 
ern district of West Virginia, rcios-ig-jg; home, Hunting- 
ton, W. Va.; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary to Colombia April 23. 1909; Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Nicaragua 
January 9, 1911: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister.Pleni- 
potentiary to Venezuela December 21, 1911; retired .\u- 
gust .'.6, 1913. 

Norton, Edward John -Born in St. Paul, Minn., December 
29. 1874; home, Memphis, Tenn.; educated at St. Mary's 
School, St. Paul, Minn.; cashier of two concerns at Port 
Liraon; manager merchandise department United Fruit 
Co., Port Limon; resident manager of the Fruit Dispatch 
Co. at Memphis, Tenn.; appointed, after examination 
(March 14, 1907), Consul at Asuncion March 30, 1907; Con- 
sul at Malaga May 31, 1909; Consul at Bombay August 22,- 
1912; resigned, to take effect August 30, 1913. 

O'Brien, Edward C— Born in Fort Edward, N. Y.; home, 
New York City; received an academic education; engaged 
in flour business in Plattsburg, N. Y., several years; United 
States Commissioner of Navigation, 1889-1893; commissary- 
general of subsistence, with rank of brigadier general, staff 
of governor of New York, 1894; commissioner of docks. 
New York; chairman of the International Deep Waterways 
Convention, Cleveland, 1896; appointed Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Paraguay and Uru- 
guay March 8, 1903; retired February 8, 1910. 

O'Brien, Thomas J. Born in Jackson, Mich., July 3r>, 1842; 
gr;uiuatf of the University of Michigan (LL. B.), 1865; 
degree of LL. D. conferred by the University of Michigan, 
iQ-vS; assistant general counsel, (jrand Rapids & Indiana 
Railway, 1871-1S83; general counsel, 1883-1905; candidate 
for judge of supreme court, Michigan, 1883; home. Grand 
Rapids, Mich.; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Denmark March 8, 1905; Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan June 11, 
1907; Ambassador .Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to 
Italy August 12, lyii; retired September 17, 1913. 

O'Hara, John W. — Born in Connersville, Ind , September 
22, 1853; attended public schools and the I'niversity of 
Michigan; practiced law; appointed Consulat Montevideo 
March 14, 1935; Consul at Santos August 15, 1907, but did 
not go to post; retired from Montevideo June 9, 1908. 

Orr, Arthur— Born in Evanston, 111., (October 4, 1884; at- 
tended the Sillig Institute. Switzerland, and Lawrenceville 
School; graduate of Princeton University (B. S.), igo6; 
course at Ecole Libre des Sciences Poliiiques, Paris; home, 
Evanston. 111.; appointed, after examination (February 
17, 19081, Third Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin June 
10, 1908; Third Secretary of the Embassy at London No- 
vember 18, 1908; Secretary of the Legation to Greece and 
Montenegro March 31, 1910; clerk in the Department of 
State, charged with the distribution of information among 
the diplomatic missions June 4, 1910; Second .Secretary of 
the Embassy at Rio de Janeiro March 2, 1911; resigned 
July 25, 191 1. 

Owsley, jr., Harry Bryan — Born in Chicago, III., March 29, 
1885; educated in Chicago, Lawrenceville, and Princeton 
University; served as private secretary to the Minister at 
Lisbon and the Ambassador at Constantinople; appointed, 
after examination. Secretary of the Legation at Monte- 
video November 29, 1907; retired in August, 1909. 

Ozmun, Edward H. — Born in Rochester, Minn., August 6, 
1857; attended the University of Wisconsin; graduated 
from the law department of the L^niversity of Michigan 
in 1881; lawyer; was president of St. Paul Bar Associa- 
tion, secretary of State Bar Association, member of State 
Board of Examiners in Law-, and Minnesota State senator; 
appointed, after examination (June 23, 1897), Consul at 
Stuttgart July 15, 1897; Consul-CJeneral at Constantinople 
June 22, 19 >6; died at post December 9, 1910. 

Paddock, Harry Luzerne— Born in Santa Barbara, Cal., 
January 2, 1878; attended public school ten years. Trinity 
College four years, and the L'niversity of California three 
years; practiced law in San Francisco; appointed, after 
examination (February 21, 1906), Consul at Amoy February 
28, 1906; resigned April 9, 1908. 



I 26 



ISIOGKAPHICAL STATE^[ENT. 



Pearson, Richmond- Born in Richnnjn;! Hill, X. C, Janu- 
ary 26, i8s2; home. Asheville, N. C; graduate of Princeton, 
A. B (18721, A. M. <i375^; admitted to the bar of North 
Carolina, 1874; appointed Consul at V'erviers and Liege 
June ig, 1874; resigned April 22, 1877; member of the State 
Legislature of North Carolina, 1885-1889; member Fifty- 
fourth, Fifty-tiftli. and Fifty-sixth Congresses from the 
ninth North Carolina district, iSyj-igji; appointed Consul 
at (ienoa December 10, 1901; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Persia December 17, 1902; En- 
voy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Greece 
and Montenegro July i, 1027; retired June, 1909. 

Pelrce, Herbert Henry Davis— Born in Cambridge, Mass., 
April II, 1849; graduate of Harvar 1, i87[; studied geology. 
Royal School of Mines, London; appointed Secretary <jf 
the Legation at St. Petersburg May 15, 1894; retired Janu- 
ary, 1898; appointed Secretary of the Embassy at St. 
Petersburg March i:;, 1898; Third Assistant Secretary of 
State November 15, 1901; Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Norway June 22, 1906; retired May 

30, IQII. 

Pliillips, William — Born in Massachusetts May 30, 1878; 
home, Boston; attended private schools in Boston and Mil- 
ton -Academy and graduated from Harvard University 
I B. AJ, 1900; attended Harvard law school, 1930-1902; 
served as private secretary to the Ambassador Extraordi- 
nary and Plenipotentiary to Great Britain, 1903-1905; ap- 
pointed Second Secretary of the Legation at Peking March 

10, 19)5; transferred from the Diplomatic Service to the 
Department of State as assistant to the Third Assistant 
Secretary, on Far Eastern Affairs, June i, 1957; designated 
Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs March 20, 
1908; appointed Third Assistant Secretary of State January 

11, 1909; .Secretary of the Embassy at London September 
25, 1909; delegate to the International Congress of Chambers 
of Commerce and Commercial and Industrial Associations, 
London, igio; retired and left London November 16, 191 2. 

Pierreponf, Se 111 Low — Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., December 
25, 1884; educated at Groton School and graduate of Co- 
lumbia University, 1907; private secretary to Ambassador 
to Italy and to Minister to Portugal, 1907-8; appointed, after 
examination (July 8, 1908), Third Secretary of the Embassy 
at Paris January 11, 1909; Secretary of the Legation at 
Santiago, Chile, August 4, igog; designated as secretary of 
the American delegation to the International Fur Seal 
Conference, which was convened in Washington, May 11, 
igii; appointed clerk class one in the Department of State, 
under the provisions of Executive order of December i, 
1910, July 25, 191 1; designated Assistant Chief of the Latin- 
American Division December 13, 1912; resigned June 14, 
1913- 

Pitcairn, Hugh— Born in Scotland August 16, 1845; parent-, 
emigrated to the United States in 1846; attended public 
schools; connected with various railroads, 1860-1875; gradu- 
ated in medicine in 1880 and practiced at Harrisburg; 
studied two years at universities at Berlin and Vienna; 
part owner of the Altoona Tribune; appointed, after exami- 
nation (July 17, 1897), Consul at Hamburg July 28, i8g7; 
Consul-General February u, igoj; retired November 7, 
1908; died at Hamburg July 19, 191 1. 

Plumacher, Eugene H. — Born in iS^8; founded Swiss colony 
in Tennessee in 1S67; taught languages until 1878; appointed 
Commercial .\gent at Maracaibo June 24, 1878; Consul 
F"ebruary 12, 1883; retired April 11, igin; died in Washing- 
ton, D. C., September 25, igio. 

Pooley, Robert Preston — Born in St. Helena in 1834; natu- 
rali/.esl; attended public school; appointed Vice-Consul at 
Sierra Leone April 18, 1872; retired September 16, 1878; ap- 
pointed Consul at St. Helena January 12, 1898; Consul at 
Mersina June 10, 1908, but did not go to post; retired from 
St. Helena June 30, igo8. 

Potter, Julian Born in New Rochelle. N. V , .August 10, 
1858; educated at St. Paul's, Concord, N. H., and at Har- 
vard; connected with a legal and brokerage firm, i8go- 
igoo; engaged in literary work; appointed, after exami- 
nation (October 29, 1903), Consul at Nassau October 30, 
1903; Consul at Rouen August 22, 1912, but did not go to 
post; resigned January 31, 1913. 

Prees, Griffith W.— Born in Wales in 1851; graduated in 
medicine in Cilasgow and at the Miami department of tlie 
Cincinnati University; practiced medicine; appointed, after 
examination (July 22, 1897I, Consul at Swansea July 28, 
1897; retired June 30, 1907. 



Price, Milton Murat— Born in Hollidaysburg, Pa., Decem- 
ber 25, 1836; attended Iowa College nine years, Andover 
Theological Seminary two years, and law school two years; 
served in the Civil War, 1861-62; register in bankruptcy 
two years; Consul at Marseille, 1869-1873; clerk United 
.States circuit court ten ye.irs; member South Dakota Leg- 
islature two years; appointed Consular Agent at Jerez de 
la Frontera December 11, 1902; Commercial .Agent Decem- 
ber 30, 1902; Consul June 22, 19)6; died at Paris October 
25, 1906. 

Quay, Jerome A.— Born September 26, 1838; superintend- 
ent of the Pennsylvania State Reformatory; appointed 
Consul at Florence March 13, 1935; died at post September 

2 1, igio. 

Ragsdale, James W.—Born in Monroe County, Ind., Feb- 
ruary 12, 1848; home, Santa Rosa, Cal.; educated at Cornell 
College, Iowa; newspaper editor, owner, and publisher; 
served in both branches of the California Legislature for 
six years; appoirited Consul at Tientsin September 17, 
i8j7: Consul-General February 2, 1903; Consul-General at 
St. Petersburg March 10, 1908; Consul June 10, igo8; Con- 
sul-General at Halifax .August 27, 1909; resigned, to take 
effect July 12, 1913. 

Reid, Whitelaw— Born in Xenia, Ohio, October 27. 1837; 
graduate of Miami University, A. B. (.1856), A. M. (18591; 
-A, M., University City of New York (1872), Dartmouth 
(1873I; LL. D., Miami (1890), Princeton (1899), Yale(igoil, 
Cambridge (1902), St. Andrews (1905); D. C. L., Oxford 
(1907); editor, Xenia News, 1858-59; legislative correspond- 
ent, i860 61; war correspondent, 1861-62; Washington cor- 
respondent. 1862-1868, Cincinnati Gazette; aide-de-camp to 
Generals .Morris and Rosccrans in West Virginia; clerk. 
Military Committee of Congress, 1862-63; librarian, House 
of Representatives, 1863 1 866; cotton planter, Louisiana, 
1866-67; on editorial staff, managing editor, editor-in-chief, 
and chief proprietor. New V^ork Tribune, 1868-1905; de- 
clined appointment as Minister to Germany, 1877 anti 1881; 
regent (1878), vice-chancellor (i:)02), and chancellor (igo4). 
University State of New York; nominee of Republican 
party for Vice-President, 1892; author of many books; 
home. New York City; appointed Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to France .March 23, 1889; 
resigned April 21, 1892; appointed Ambassador Extraordi- 
nary and Plenipotentiary on Special Mission to represent 
the United States at the ceremonies incident upon the six- 
tieth anniversary of the accession to the Throne of Queen 
Victoria May 28. 1897; Commissioner Plenipotentiary of 
the United States to negotiate and conclude a treaty of 
peace between the United States and Spain September 13, 
1898; Ambassador E.xtraordinary and Plenipotentiary to 
represent the United States at the ceremonies incident upon 
the coronation of King Edward VII February 3, 1902; 
.Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Great 
Britain March 8, 1905; died at post December 15, 1912. 

Richardson, Charles Francis Phelps — Born in Boston, Mass., 
.April 14, 1874; graduate of Harvard (A. B.), 1896, and Co- 
lumbian College (LL. B.. M A.i, 1902; appointed Third 
Secretary of the Embassy at Berlin June 2, 1902; Secretary 
of the Legation at Rio de Janeiro June 9, igo4; Secretary 
of the Embassy at Rio de Janeiro January 27, 1905; Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Copenhagen April 9, 1936; resigned 
June 24, 10 9. 

Richardson, Harry Benlley -Born in Bentleyville, Pa., June 
21, 1885; home, Bentleyville; graduated from Washing- 
ton and Jefferson College (A. B.), 1907; shipper for steel 
company at Ellsworth, Pa.. 1938-9; principal of the high 
school at California, Pa., igio-ii; superintendent of schools 
at Bentleyville, igii-12; appointed, after examination (Jan- 
uary 31, 1912K Consular Assistant March 12. 1912; Deputy 
Consul at Liverpool May 27, 1912; Vice and Deputy Con- 
sul at Bfelgrade February 7, 1913; resigned, to take effect 
May 31, 1913. 

Richardson, John B. Born in Corinth, Vt., February 20, 
1850; attended Darimnuth t OUege four years and the 
Union Theological Seminary three years; minister; ap- 
pointed Consul at Matamoros September 9, 1890; retired 
June, 1893; appointed Consul at Port Limon June 27, 1902, 
but did not go to post; appointed Consul at Utilla August 
2, 1932; Consul at Jalapa March 23, t9'J5; resigned August 6, 
1937. 

Richardson, Norval -Born in Vicksburg, Miss., October 8, 
1877; educated by private tutors, at Lawrenceville Pre- 
paratory School, and one year in Southwestern Presby- 
terian University; member of the firm of Richardson & Co., 
of Vicksburg, 1898-1909; author of books and magazine 
stories; appointed, after examination (May 17, 1909), Sec- 
ond Secretary of the Legation at Habana August 4, igoo; 
Secretary of the Legation at Copenhagen June 29, 1911; 
retired April 23, 1913. 



lUOGRAIMIHAl- STATEMENT. 



I 2 



Riddle, John Wallace— Born in Philadelphia, Pa, July i.', 
1S64; home, St. I'aul, Minn.; i,'-raduate of Harvard (A. U. 1, 
1887; attended Columbia Law School, New York, iS88 i8yr, 
Ecole des Sciences Poliliques, Paris, 1891-1893; appointed 
Secretary of the Legation at Constantinople April 15, 1893; 
retired June ^o, 1899; appointed Secretary of the Kmbassy 
at St. Petersburg November 4, igoi; Agent and Consul- 
General at Cairo September 8, iqor. Envoy E.xtraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Koumania and Scrvia 
Nliirch 8, 190:; Ambassador E.xtraordinary and Plenipoten- 
tiary to Russia December 19, 1906; retired September, 1909. 

Ridgely, Benjamin Hersey -Bor;i in Baltimore, Md., in i860; 
engaged in the profession of journalism in Louisville, Ky., 
sixteen years; appointed Consul at (ieneva June 20, 1893; 
Consul at Malaga May 8, 1900; Consul at Nantes |une 6, 
1902; Consul-General at Barcelona C)ctobeF-3, i9')4; Consul- 
(ieneral at Mexico City March 12, 19 '8; died at Monterey 
October 10, 1908. 

Rives, George Barclay — Born in New York City June 19, 
1874; home, Cobham, Albemarle County, V'a ; graduate 
of St. Paul's School and Princeton University (A. B); 
studied law, 1900-1902; viith the Manhattan Trust Co of 
New York, 1807-98; appointed Third Secretary of the 
Embassy at Berlin February 28. 1902, to take effect 
March 13. 1902; Second Secretary of the Embassy at 
Vienna May 27, 1902, to take effect July i, 1902; Secre- 
tary of the E^mbassy at \''ienna March 16, 1905; delegate to 
the International Preliminary Congress for the Suppres- 
sion of the White-Slave Traffic, Vienna, 1909; appointed 
Secretary of the Embassy at Rio de Janeiro January 31, 
igii; retired August 19, i9'3. 

Robert, Albert W.— Born in Brooklyn, N. Y, January iS, 
1S64; educated in Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., Wil- 
liston Seminary, East Hampton, Mass , Yale University, 
the universities of Bonn and Berlin, Cornell University, 
and the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris; engaged in real- 
estate and insurance business in Florida; in charge of the 
Flagler real estate interests in Dade County, Fla.; resi- 
dent of West Pahn Beach, Fla.; appointed, after exami- 
nation (November 10, 1908^ Consul at Algiers May 31, 1909; 
successor appointed December 18, 191 1; died in Troy, N. ^ ., 
February 20, 1913. 

Roche, James Jeffrey — Born in Ireland May 31, 1847; natu- 
ralized in Massachusetts September 10, 187.'; educated in 
the public schools and at St. Dunstan's College, Prince 
Edward Island; metropolitan park commissioner in Massa- 
chusetts, 1893; newspaper editor several years; appointed, 
after examination. Consul at Genoa December 13, 1904; 
Consul at Berne April 29, 1907; died at post April 3, 1908. 

Rockhill, William Woodville— Born in Philadelphia in 1854; 
graduate of the Military School of St. Cyr, France; served 
three years as lieutenant in the French army in Algeria; 
appointed Second Secretary of the Legation at Peking 
April 9, 1884; Secretary July i, 1885; Charge d'Affaires 
(f</ ijiteriiit at Seoul from December 11, 1886, to April 3, 
1887; left Peking on leave April 2, 1888; resigned in the 
United States July 5, 1888, to take effect on expiration of 
leave; two scientific missionsto China and Tibet under aus- 
pices of the Smithsonian Institution, 1888-1892; appointed 
Chief Clerk, Department of State. April 14, 1893; Third As- 
sistant Secretary of State April 14,1894; delegate to the In- 
ternational Congress of Geography, London, 1895; Assistant 
Secretary of State February n, 1896; resigned May 10, 1897; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary and Consul-General to Greece, Roumania, and Servia 
July 8, 1S97; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Greece, Roumania, and Servia May 25, x8g8; 
resigned May 19, 1899, on appointment as Director of the 
International Bureau of the American Republics; granted 
leave of absence July 20, igoo, to proceed to China as Special 
Commissioner of the United States; appointed Plenipo- 
tentiary on the part of the L'nited States for the settlement 
of the Boxer troubles February 24, 1901; signed the final 
jirotocol September 7, 1901; resumed duties of Director of 
the International Bureau of the American Republics Oc- 
tober 24, iQQ}; resigned March 7, 1905; appointed Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China March 
8, 1905; designated Ambassador Extraordinary to repre- 
sent the United States at the funeral ceremonies of His 
Majesty the Emperor of China .April 24, 1909; appointed 
.\mbassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Russia 
May 17, 1909; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipoten- 
tiary to Turkey A!>ril 24. 1911; successor appointed Septem- 
ber 4, 1913. 

Roosevelt, George W. — Bornin Chester, Pa., in 1843; college 
education; served with Company K, Twenty-sixth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, 1861-1864; engaged in various clerical 
and commercial pursuits in New Orleans and Philadelphia 



after the Civil War; appointed Consul at Auckland March 
28, 1878; Consul at St. Helena April 30, 1879; Consul at 
Matanzas September 1, 1S80; Consul at Bordeaux May 23, 
1881; Consul at Brussels June 14, 18S9; Consul-General at 
Brussels March 14, 1905; died at post April 14, 1907. 

Rosenberg, Louis James —Born in Riga, Russia, August 28, 
1876; naturalized in Wayne County, Mich., May 25, 1899; 
attended the German elementary school, Riga, six years, 
Russian Academy one year, and studied under private 
tutors in Riga two years; took university extension course 
and studied under private tutors in Chicago; graduated 
from the Detroit College of Law (I.L. B.); admitted to the 
bar in Michigan in 1900 and to the bar of the Supreme 
Court of the United States in 1906; appointed, after ex- 
amination (June 19. 1906), Consul at Seville June 28, 1906; 
Consul at Pcrnambuco May 31, 1909; Consul at Barran- 
quilla January 12, 1910; declined and resigned from Pcr- 
nambuco January 15, 1910. 

Rowen, John English — Born in Thompsonville, Conn, in 
1838; public and private school education; engaged in 
business; elected State senator; appointed, after examina- 
tion (January 26, 1898), Consul at Port Stanley February 
4, 1898; Consul at Punta Arenas June 10, 1908; resigned, to 
take effect June 30, 191 1. 

Rublee, William Alvah- Born March 16, 1861; educated at 
Phillips Exeter Academy and Harvard University; en- 
gaged in editorial work; was vice president and director 
of the Milwaukee Sentinel Co.; appointed Consul at 
Prague June 6, 1890; retired November 9, 189^; appointed 
Consul-General at Hongkong March 2, 1901; Consul-Gen- 
eral at Habana September 15, 1902; Consul-General at 
Vienna March 26, 1913; Consul-General at Hongkong May 
17, 1909; died at post April 15, 1910. 

Ruffin, John N. — Born in Tennessee in 18^9; attended the 
public schools of Memphis and graduated from Roger W il- 
liams University of Nashville in 1892; studied law two 
years; engaged in educational department of Memphis for 
three years; appointed, after examination (July 26, 1897I, 
Consul at Asuncion July 26, 1897; retired August 19, 1907. 

Russell, William W. Horn in Washington, D. C, Decem- 
ber 3, 1859; educated at the Rockville Academy and the 
United States Naval .Academy; civil engineer and served 
on various surveys in South America, Mexico, and the 
United States; lieutenant on the cruiser Ameyjcit when 
that vessel was delivered to Brazilian authorities; ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Legation at Caracas November 
15, 1893; Secretary of the Legation at Panama City Feb- 
ruary 5, 1904; Charge d'AlTaires nii intetiin from Febru- 
ary 13, 1904; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary to Colombia March 17, 1904; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Venezuela 
June 21, 1905; appointed Commissioner to the National 
Exposition in Quito, Ecuador, and served from August 19, 
igoS, to January 12, igoo; appointed Minister Resident and 
Consul-General to the Dominican Republic June 24, 1910; 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the 
E)ominican Republic July 6, igii; retired August 15, 1913. 

Salisbury, Alfred -Born in Hueneme, Cal , September 24, 
1883; attended Los Angeles high school: graduated from 
the University of California in 1907; appointed Student In, 
terpreter in Japan August 27, 1907; resigned September 22 

1908. 

Sands, William F. — Born in Washington, D. C, July 29, 
1874; educated at Feldkirch, Austria, and passed the 
Government examinations; graduate of Georgetown Uni- 
versity law school, 1896; served as adviser to the Emperor 
of Korea, 1900.-1905; Chevalier of the Legion of Honor 
of France; appointed Second Secretary of the Legation 
at Tokyo, May 27, 1S96; Secretary of the Legation at Seoul 
October 14, 1897; resigned October 27, 1899, while Charge 
d'Affaires rt(?' /«i'<'r/w?, to take effect January 15, 1900; ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Legation at Panama April i, 1905; 
Secretary of the Legation at Guatemala July i, 19' 7; Sec- 
retary of the Errbassy at Mexico City June 10, 1918; Envoy- 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Guatemala 
August 4, 1909: retired October 14, 1910. 

Sartoris, Algernon — Born in Washington, D. C, March 17, 
1S77; educated in private schools in England and in Colum- 
bian I'niversity law school; appointed, after examination. 
Secretary of the Legation at Guatemala June 10, 1908; re- 
signed May 18, igcg. 

Schmucker, George Bertram — Born in Augusta County, Va., 
July 5, iSS^; educated in public and private schools and 
business and commercial colleges, and George Washington 
University one year; employed as stenographer and book- 



128 



BIOCJRAPIIICAL STATEMENT, 



keeper, lyoo-iyoi ; paymaster and office manager in Victoria, 
La., 1(^01-1903; appointed clerk in the War Department at 
Washington in 19)3; immigrant inspector at Tampa in 
1904; designated to act as inspector in charg'e in 1908; resi- 
dent of Tampa; appointed, after examination (November 
10, 1908), Consul at Knsenada May 31, 1909; retired June 3, 

Scboyer, Balkatn — Born in Pittsburgh, Pa., September 2, 
1862; graduate of the University of Michigan and Harvard 
law school; admitted to bar in Pittsburgh, 1885, and prac- 
ticed there until 1900; practiced law in Mexico City, 1930- 
1907; studied international law at the I'niversity of Rome 
and elsewhere in Europe, 1937-1909; appointed, after ex- 
aminaiion (May 17, 1909), Second Secretary of the Embassy 
at Rio de Janeiro August 4, 1909; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Bogota December 21, 1909; Secretary of the Legation 
at Berne February 18, 1910; died near Berne April 2, 1910. 

Schumann, Walter — Born in New York July i, 1870; gradu- 
ated from Columbia grammar school in 1888; employed in 
importing house until 1891; in structural iron and steel 
works, 1891-1897; appointed, after examination (May 13, 
1897), Consul at Mainz June 23, 1897; Consul at r)dessa 
March 30, 1907, but did not go to post; retired as Consul 
at Mainz August 31, 1907. 

Schurman, JacobGould —Born in Freetown, Prince Edward 
Island, May 22, 18^4; naturalized in Tompkins County, 
N. v.. in 1892; home, Ithaca, N. Y.; is a graduate of the 
University of London. A. B. (1877), A. M. (1878); studied 
at Paris and Edinburgh; Sc. D., Edinburgh, 1878; pursued 
his studies in several other European universities. 1878- 
i38o; is an LL. D. of Columbia, Yale, Edinburgh, Williams, 
Dartmouth, and Harvard; professor of English literature, 
political economy, and psychologv, Acadia College, 1880- 
18S2; professor of metaphysics and English literature, Dal- 
housie College, 1882-1886; Sage professor of philosophy, 
Cornell Lfniversity, 1886-1892, and since 1892 president of 
Cornell University; president of the first Philippine Com- 
mission, 1899; IS the author of several philosophical and 
religious books; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Greece and Montenegro August 16, 
igra; retired August 17, 1913. 

Scbutt, Warren Ellis— Born in Newfield. N. V., December 

29, 1883; home, New York City; attended Ithaca high 
school, Cornell L'niversity three years, and Oxford Uni- 
versity three years; salesman one year; instructor of his- 
tory in the College of the City of New York one and one- 
half years; appointed, after examination (May 26, 1909), 
Consular Assistant June 24, 1910; V'ice and Deputv Consul 
at Naples September 8, 1910; Vice and Deputv Consul at 
Kehl September 23, 1911; resigned from Kehl Februarv 
17, 1912. 

Schuyler, jr., Montgomery — Born in Stamford, (^oiin., Sep- 
tember 2, 1877; graduate of Columbia Liniversity, A. B. 
(1899), A. M. (1900); university scholar in Indo-Iranian lan- 
guages, 18^9-1900; university fellow, 1900-1902; author of 
books and many articles on oriental and literary subjects; 
appointed Second Secretary of the Embassy at St. Peters- 
burg May 14, 1902; Secretary of the Legation and Consul- 
General at Bangkok October 10, 1904; Secretary of the 
Legation and Consul-General to Roumania and Servia 
June 28, igo6; Secretary of the Embassy at St. Petersburg 
January 10, 1907; Secretary of the Embassy at Tokyo De- 
cember 21, 1909; Secretary of_the Embassy at Mexico City 
February 1, 1912; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Ecuador March i, 1913; retired September 

30, 1913. 

Seeger, Eugene— Born in Daniisiadt, (iermany, in 1S52; 
naturalizeci in 1874; liome, Chica,go,Ill.; educated at the 
Government College in Germany, private school in Syden- 
ham, England, and at the universitiesof Munich and Paris; 
newspaper editor, author, and lecturer in Chicago more 
than twenty years; city statistician for the city of Chicago; 
appointed Consul-General at Rio de Janeiro October 15, 
1097; resigned May 7, 1906; designated to attend the ex- 
position held at Rio de Janeiro in 190S to celebrate the 
centenary of the opening of the ports of Brazil Un the 
commerce of the world. 

Sewell, William L. Born in Medina County. Ohio, in 
1850; home, Mansfield, Ohio; educated at Oberlin College; 
practiced law at Mansfield more than twenty years; ap- 
pointed, after examination (May 13, 1897), Consul at To- 
ronto July 17, 1897; Consul at Pernambuco November 13, 
1901; died in Canada March 25, 1906, 

Seyfert, Augustus Q. — Born in Berks County, 'Pa., .April 26. 
1852; public and normal school education; engaged in 
teaching; clerk in the office of the recorder of deeds at 



Lancaster, Pa.; farmer; served in the Pennsylvania State 
Legislature; appointed, after examination ( October 4, 1897), 
Consul at Stratford October 5, 1897; retired June 30, 1906; 
appointed Consul at Matamoros August 17, 1906; Consul 
at CoUingwood November 21, 1936; Consul at Owen Sound 
June 10, 1908; resigned, to take eflfect October 31, 1912. 

Sbaughnessy, Walter D. — Born July 31, 1881; educated ai 
Riverview Military Academy (New York), Hamilton Insti- 
tute (New York City>, Salt Lake City il'tah) Business Col- 
lege and public schools, Belmont School (California), and 
business college in San Francisco; was yeoman and com- 
mis ary storekeeper in the "army transport service, 1900- 
1901; engaged in mining in Idaho in 1902; employed under 
the Pacific Board of Fire Underwriters, 1902-3; employed 
in the capacity of secretary, 1904-5; real-estate solicitor in 
1905; appointed, after examination (February 7, igo6), Con- 
sular .\gent at Charleroi February 19, igo6; Consul at 
Aguascallentes April 9, 1907; Consul at Martinique April 
13, 1910; declined and resigned from Aguascallentes April 
19, 1910. 

Sherrill, Charles Hitchcock Horn in Washington, D. C, 
April 13, 1867; home. New York City; graduate of Yale 
University (18891 and Vale law school ('1891); took degree 
M. A., 189.'; admitted to bar in 1892 and practiced law in 
New York City, 1892-1909; appointed Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Argentina April i, 1909; 
resigned July 27, 191 1. 

Shirley, John H.— Born in Centralia. 111., April, 1858; at- 
tended public school; passenger conductor on Illinois 
Central Railway for ten years; appointed, after examina- 
tion (November 8, igm). Commercial Agent at (ioderich 
January 2, 1902; Consul at Suva June 22, 1906, but did not 
go to post; appointed Consul at Charlottetown November 
21, 1906; retired May 13, 1908. 

Sickles, Stanton — Born in Madrid, Spain; appointed Sec- 
retary of the Legation at Madrid May 20, 1897; Secretary 
of the Legation at Brussels October 17, 1903; Secretary of 
the Legation to Greece and Montenegro and Bulgaria 
January 10, 1907; Secretary of the Legation to (jreece and 
Montenegro July i, 1907; Secretary of the Legation and 
Consul-General at Bangkok June 10, igo8, but did not go 
to post; retired frtmi the service August, 1908. 

Sleeper, Jacob — Born in Boston, Mass., December 23, i86y; 
educated in public and private schools and in Europe; pri- 
vate secretary to the governor of Porto Rico; appointed 
Secretary of the Legation and Consul-General at Bogota 
May 26, 1893; retired May, 1898; appointed Secretary of the 
Legation at Habana May 21, 1902; Secretary of the Lega- 
tion at Caracas June 28, 19J6; Secretary of the Legation at 
Berne August 28, 1908; Secretary of the Legation at Ha- 
bana February 18, 19K1, but did not go to post; resigned 
March 10, 1910. 

Slocum, Clarence Rice—Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., June 12, 
1870; educated by private tuition and at Williams College; 
engaged in exporting and importing; jirivate in the New- 
York State National Guard; appointed Consul at Warsaw 
March 9, 1903; Consul at VVeimar March 8, 1905; Consul- 
(ieneral at Boma June 28, 1906; Consul at Zittau May 6, 
1907; Consul at Eiuiiie June 10, 19.18; died at post February 
25, 1912. 

Smith, Arthur Donaldson — Born in Philadelphia, l^a., April 
27, 1866; graduated from the University of Pennsylvania 
in 1S85; attended Johns Hopkins University one year; 
Harvard University medical school two years; took degree 
of M. D. at I'niversity of Pennsylvania, 1889; pursued 
medical studies in Europe two years; extensive traveler, 
African explorer, and lecturer before various scientific 
societies in America and Europe; appointed, after exami- 
nation (March i, 1909), Consul at Mersina March 3, 1909; 
Consul at Patras May 7, 1909; Consul at Aguascallentes 
April r3, 1910; resigned, to take effect April 8, 191 1. 

Smith, Calvin Franklin — Born in Bath, Pa., September 7, 
1872; attended public schools and the Keystone Normal 
School; Palatinate College, Myerstown, Pa., one term; 
Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., one term; practicing at- 
torney for five years; borough solicitor at various times 
for Nazareth Borough, Tatamy Borough, and Stockertown 
Borough, and solicitor for the Northampton County Poor 
Directors; appointed Consul at Zanzibar August 15, 1907; 
resigned .April 3, 1908. 

Smith, Samuel-Born in Paterson, N. J., June 30, 1852; at- 
tended public school; engineer; appointed Vice-Consul at 
Moscow February 4, 1898; Consul July 15, 1901; retired 
August 10, 1908. 



15IOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



129 



Sorsby, William Brooks Horn in Panola, Miss., September 
27, 1858; liome, Clinton, Miss.; educated in private schools 
at Panola and at Mississipjji College, Clinton; edited sev- 
eral country newspapers in Mississippi; part owner Mobile 
(Ala.l Morning- Telegram, 1884; owned gold-mining- prop- 
erty in Ecuador, 1893-1898; appointed Consul-General at 
Guayaquil June 26, i88g; retired April, 1893; appointed 
Consul at San Juan del Norte October i^, 1897; Consul at 
Kingston, Jamaica, November 22, ryoi; Envoy E.xtraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bolivia July 11, 1902; 
Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Hon- 
duras June s, 1908; retired December, 1908, without having 
gone to post; died March 26, 1912. 

Squiers, Herbert Goldsmith — Born in Madoc, Canada, April 
20, 1859, of American parents residing abroad; educated at 
the Canandaigua Academy, Minnesota Military Academy, 
Maryland Agricultural College; graduate of the United 
States Artillery School, 1880; St. John's College, New York, 
Hon. A. M. (1S87), LL. D. (1906); served in the I'nited 
States Army as second lieutenant, 1877-1890; first lieuten- 
ant, 1890-91; military instructorat St. John's College, 1885- 
1S9); appointed Second Secretary of the timbassyat Berlin 
November 15, 1894; retired May, 1897; appointed Secretary 
(if the Legation at Peking January 10, 189S; chief of staff 
toSirClaude Macdonald during siege of Peking, 1900-1901; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Cuba May 20, 1902; resigned November, 1905; ap- 
pointed Envoy E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Panama October 20, 1906; retired December 31, 1909; 
died in London, England, October 19, 1911. 

Steiabart, Frank— Born in Passau, Germany, May 12, 1864; 
naturalized; attended public and high school in Munich 
eight years; agent of the War Department; chief clerk of 
First Army Corps; chief clerk. Department of Porto Rico; 
chief clerk. Division and Department of Cuba; appointed 
Consul-General at Habana March 26, 1903; resigned June 
30, 1907. 

Stone, Benjamin F. — Born in Ohio in 1832; home, Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio; graduated from Marietta College in 1853; served 
in the Seventy-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the 
Civil War; after the war engaged in the practice of law; 
probate judge of Ross County, Ohio, nine years; appointed 
Consul at Huddersfield September 30, 1897; resigned May 
20, 1906. 

Storer, Bellamy — Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, August 28, 1847; 
home, Cincinnati; graduate of Harvard, A. B. (1867), A. M. 
(1870); Cincinnati Law School (LL. B.), i86g; admitted to 
the bar in Ohio, 1S69, and practiced law at Cincinnati; 
member of the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses, 
1891-1895, from the first Ohio district; appointed Envoy 
E.xtraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium 
May 4, 1897; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to Spain April 12, 1899; Ambassador E.xtraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Austria-Hungary September 26, 1902; 
retired March, 1906. 

Straight, Willard D. — Born in Oswego, N. Y., January 31, 
1880; attended Oswego high school, Bordentown Military 
Institute, and Cornell L'niversity; journalist and member 
of the Chinese Imperial Customs; appointed Yice-Consul- 
General at Seoul April 6, 1905; Consul-General at Mukden 
June 22, 1Q06; resigned June 9, 1909. 

Straus, Oscar Solomon — Born December 23, 1850; attended 
(jeorgia and New York schools; graduate of Columbia 
L'niversity, 1871; of Columbia law school, 1873; L. H. D., 
Brown University, 1895; LL. D., Washington and Lee 
University (1896), University of Pennsylvania (1900), and 
Columbia L'niversity; practiced law-, 1873-1881; afterward 
in mercantile life in New York; served as president New 
York Board of Trade and the National Primary League; 
vice-president of the National Civic Federation and the 
International Law Association of America; president of 
the American Social Science Association; author of numer- 
ous publications dealing with history and international 
law; Secretary of Commerce and Labor, 1906-1909; home, 
New York City; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Turkey March 24, 1887; retired in 
1S89; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Turkey June 3, 1898; retired in 1900; ap- 
pointed in 1902 as a member of the Permanent Court of 
Arbitration at The Hague; Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Turkey May 17, 1909; retired De- 
cember II, 1910. 

Strickland, Peter — Born in Connecticut in 1837; attended 
school in New London; connected with mercantile affairs, 
1864-1885; appointed Consul at Goree-Dakar September 
27, 1883; retired July 25, 1906. 



Statesman, James F. — Born in Peru, Ind., July ig, i860; 
graduate of Wabash College; engaged in business and 
banking, 1887 1891; examiner Department of Justice, 1891- 
1893; member of the Indiana Legislature, 1895-96, 1901-1904; 
practiced law in Peru, Ind., 1893-1906; in banking business 
in Indianapolis, Ind., 1906-1908; appointed Envoy Extraor- 
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bolivia June 5, 1908; 
resigned July 12, 1910. 

Swenson, Laurits Selmer Born in New Sweden, Minn., 
June 12, 1865; graduate of Luther College (A. B., A. M.), 
1886; took a post-graduate course at Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity; principal of Lutheran Academy, Albert Lea, 
Minn., 1888-1897; member board of regents of University 
of Minnesota, 1895-1897; writer on educational subjects; 
vice-president LTnion State Bank; president Wiprud Land 
iS: Colonization Co.; home, Minneapolis, Minn.; appointed 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Denmark October 4, 1897; resigned March, 1905; ap- 
pointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Switzerland December 21, 1909; Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Norway April 27, 1911; 
retired October 8, 1913. 

Taylor, P. Emerson — Born in Dry Run, Pa., January 18, 
1871; graduated from the Pennsylvania State Normal 
School at Shippensburg, Pa., in 1891; took post-graduate 
course; attended the University of Nebraska; school 
principal at McVeytown and Hastings, Pa., three years; 
practiced law in Chambersburg, 1896-igoo, and served three 
years as county solicitor; member of governor's troop, 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, in the Spanish-American 
War; land and immigration agent of Southern Pacific Rail- 
way in Louisiana and Texas one year; engaged in the 
practice of law at Tekamah, Nebr., for six years; county 
attorney at Tekamah, 1903-1907; resident of Tekamah; ap- 
pointed, after examination (July 7, igo8), Consul at Port 
Louis May 31, 1909, but did not go to post; Consul at Sta- 
vanger January 10, 1910; Consul at Trinidad August 22, 
1912; died at post April 8, 1913. 

Tenney, Charles Daniel— Born in Boston, Mass., June 29, 
1857; graduate of Dartmouth College, 1878; M. A., 1879; 
LL. D., 1900; principal Anglo-Chinese School, Tientsin, 
1886-1895; president Imperial Chinese University, Tientsin, 
1895-1900; Chinese secretary, Tientsin provisional govern- 
ment, igoo-igo2; president Imperial Chinese Ujiiversity, 
Tientsin, and superintendent of schools in Chihli Province, 
1902-1906; director of Chinese Government students in the 
United States and England, 1906-1908; appointed V^ice-Con- 
sul and Interpreterat Tientsin March 6, 1894; resigned June 
30, i8g6; appointed Chinese Secretary at Peking March n, 
1^08; member of the Joint International Opium Commis- 
sion, Shanghai, igog; Consul at Nanking March 13, igi2; 
resigned July 2g, 1913. 

Thomas, Leonard M. — Born in Pennsylvania; graduate of 
St. Paul's School and Yale University (A. B.), igoi; ap- 
pointed Second Secretary of the Embassy at Rome Decem- 
ber 10, 1902; Secretary of the Legation at Madrid January 
10, igo7; resigned, to take effect June 5, 1907. 

Thompson, David E. — Born in Bethel, Mich., February 28, 
1854; home, Lincoln, Nebr.; educated in the public schools 
of Michigan; truckman and brakeman on railroad, 1872; 
superintendent, 1881; manager of various industrial insti- 
tutions since 1891; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Brazil September 26, 1902; 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary January 
13, 1905; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to Mexico January 24, 1906; retired December 24, igog. 

Thompson, Edward H. — Born in Massachusetts September 
28, 1858; attended the public schools and Worcester Poly- 
technic Institute; archaeologist; appointed Consul at Me- 
rida February 14, 1885; retired November, 1893; appointed 
Consul at Progreso June 25, 1897; retired September 6, igog. 

Touhay, St. Leger A. — Appointed Consular Clerk July 1, 
1883; Vice and l3eputy Consul at Turin May 26, 1885; Com- 
mercial Agent at Solingen December 3, i8gi; Commercial 
Agent at Turin January 7, 1892; Consular Agent at Carrara 
June 3, 1893; retired as Consular Agent September, 1894; 
appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at Naples February i, 
1898; retired June 3, 1898; appointed Vice-Consul at Tunis 
July 24, 1900; retired June 30, 1904; appointed Consular 
Agent at Suez October 20, 1904; Consular Agent at Bari 
September 26, 1905; died at post May 15, 1907. 

Tower, Charlemagne — Born in Philadelphia, Pa., April 17, 
1848; home, Philadelphia; graduate of Harvard (A. B.), 
1872; studied in Europe, 1872-1876; LL. D.. Lafayette (1894), 
Glasgow (1901), University of Chicago (1904), St. Andrew's, 
Scotland (1906), and Hamilton (1909); admitted to the bar 



S H70- 



I30 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT. 



and practiced law in Philadelphia, 1878-1882; president 
Duluth & Iron Range Railroad and managing director of 
the Minnesota Iron Co., 1882- 1887; officer and director in 
several corporations; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Austria-Hungary April i, 1807; 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Russia 
January 12, i8gg; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipo- 
tentiary to Germany September 26, igo2; retired June 



Webster, William H. H.— Born in New York City August 
21, 1840; educated in the public schools of Rochester, N. Y.; 
in the employ of railways as machinist, engineer, and con- 
ductor for twenty-nine years; member of the New York 
State Board of Mediation and Arbitration for six years; 
appointed Consul at Chatham December 5, 1889; retired 
September, 1893; appointed Consul at Niagara Falls Octo- 
ber 26, 1903; died at post April 15, 1911. 



Turner, Arthur Campbell — Born in St. Louis, Mo., October 
22, 1880; educated in private schools in Missouri and at the 
University of Virginia; studied languages in Switzerland, 
1890-1900, and took courses in the Univerity of Lausanne, 
1900-1902; enlisted in United States Volunteer Infantry, 
1S98; promoted to be sergeant; appointed, after examina- 
tion (March 15, 1907), Second Secretary of the Legation at 
Habana May 10, 1907; Second Secretary of the Embassy 
at Mexico City, July 2, iqo8; Third Secretary of the Em- 
bassy at Constantinople February 18, igoq; Second Secre- 
tary of the Embassy at Constantinople May 15, 1909; Sec- 
retary of the Legation at Madrid August 4, 1909; Secretary 
of the Legation to Paraguay and Uruguay March 2, lyii; 
resigned June 26, 1911. 

Twells, John Steel— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 
i7i 1833; attended Princeton College, New Jersey; attorney 
at law; appointed Consul at Naples February 27, 1890; re- 
tired October, 1893; appointed Vice and Deputy Consul at 
Kingston, Jamaica, February 3, igoo; Commercial Agent 
at Carlsbad October 7, 1902; Consul at Carlsbad June 22, 
1906; retired August 20, 1909. 

Vail, Delmar J. — Resident of Orwell, Vt.; appointed, after 
examination. Consul at Charlottetown July 17, 1897; died 
at post October 30, 1906. 

Van Buren, Harold Sheffield — Born in New York City in 
1855; educated at Yale University; United States Marshal 
at Kanagawa, Japan, 1880-1885; appointed Consul at Nice 
June II, 1897; died at post February 12, 1907. 

Vignaud, Henry — Born in New Orleans, La., November 27, 
1830; taught in public schools and wrote for New Orleans 
papers, 1852-1856; newspaper editor, 1857-1861; captain 
Si.xth Louisiana Regiment, 1861-62; secretary of the Con- 
federate Diplomatic Commission, Paris, 1863; secretary of 
the Roumanian Legation at Paris, 1869; with the Alabama 
Claims Commission at Geneva, 1872; honorary commis- 
sioner to the Vienna Exposition, 1873; appointed Second 
Secretary of the Legation at Paris December 14, 1875; em- 
powered, September 22, 1883, with Minister Morton, to rep- 
resent the LInited States at the International Conference 
held at Paris October 15, 1883, to negotiate an international 
convention for the protection of submarine cables, which 
resulted in the treaty of March 14, 1884; appointed Secre- 
tary of the Legation at Paris April 11, 1885; resigned, -to 
take effect March 31, igog. 

Viney, John Irwin — Born in England May 4, 1882; father 
naturalized in 1885; educated in private and public schools 
in Virginia, France, Germany, in University of Virginia, 
University of Virginia law school, and Harvard Univer- 
sity law school; assistant in moral philosophy. University 
of Virginia, 1904-5; appointed, after examination (October 
I, igo6). Student Interpreter in China October 8, 1906; ap- 
pointed also Deputy Consul-General at Shanghai Septem- 
ber 7, 1909; retired June 21, 1910. 

Walker, Edward B. — Born in Middletown, N. Y., October 
29, i860; attended the public schools of Kingston, N. Y., 
and graduated from Kingston Academy in 1877; admitted 
to the New York State bar in 1881; engaged in the practice 
of law; appointed a special employee and special disburs- 
ing agent under the Treasury Department April 28, 1905; 
appointed, after examination (January 16, 1906), Consul at 
Burslem January 30, 1906; resigned, to take effect Septem- 
ber 22, 1911. 

Wallace, William Kay — Born in New York City November 
10, 1886; educated in various schools in Europe and United 
States and graduate of Yale University, 1908; Yale, M. A., 
1911; appointed, after examination I July 8, 1908), Third Sec- 
retary of the Embassy to Japan January 14, igog; Secretary 
of the Legation at Copenhagen August 4, 1909; Second 
Secretary of the Legation at Habana July 6, 191 1; resigned 
March 5, 1912. 

Wardman, George B. — Born in Wyoming April 20, 18.69; at- 
tended WilHston Seminary, East Hampton, Mass,, three 
years, and Troy Polytechnic Institute; engaged in mining, 
assaying, and street-railway enterprises; appointed Com- 
mercial Agent at Aguascalientes June 14, 1904; Consul July 
25, 1906, but declined and retired from the service. 



Weitzel, George T.— Born in Frankfort, Ky., June 23, 1873; 
attended public schools; graduate of Harv'ard Univer- 
sity (A. B.), 1894, and Harvard law school (LL. B.), 1897; 
enlisted as private in Battery A, 1898, and participated in 
the Porto Rico campaign; volunteer member of the jiosse 
comiiatus,_ street-car strike, St. Louis, 1900; practiced law 
in St. Louis, 1897-1907; appointed, after examination (July 
9, 1907), Secretary of the Legation to Nicaragua and Costa 
Rica August 12, 1907; Secretary of the Legation at Panama 
City July 2, 1908; diplomatic adviser to Admiral Kimball, 
commanding the Nicaraguan Expeditionary Squadron 
December 17, 1909; appointed Second Secretarv of the Em- 
bassy at Mexico City March 31, igio, but did not go to 
post; assigned to duty in the Division of Latin-American 
Affairs in the Department of State July 2g, igio; appointed 
clerk class four in the Department of State, under Execu- 
tive order, January 26, 191 1; detailed for special duty at the 
American Embassy at Mexico City March 22 to May 23, 
iqii, during the Madero revolution; appointed Assistant 
Chief of the Division of Latin-American Affairs June 27, 
1911; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Nicaragua December 21, 1911; retired July 8, igi3. 

Welden, Ellwood Austin— Born in Philadelphia, Pa., De- 
cember II, 1883; attended the L'niversity of Pennsylvania 
iB. S., 1903) and the graduate school of the university 
(Ph. D., 1906); University of Berlin during the spring 
semester of 1905; Harvard University, i9o6"7; appointed 
Consular Clerk August 15, 1907; Consular Assistant July i, 
1908; Deputy Consul-General at Paris September i, igoS; 
Deputy Consul-General at Budapest April 20, igog; retired 
(October 28, 1909. 

White, Charles Dunning -Born \\\ Ithaca, N. Y., November 
5, 1868; home. Summit, N. J.; attended public and private 
schools and graduated from Princeton University 1 .\. B.), 
1891; studied law in New York; pursued post-graduate 
studies at the universities of Berlin and Jena; spent sev- 
eral years in literary \vork in Europe; appointed Secretary 
of the Legation at Buenos Aires March 28, 1904; Secretary 
of the Legation to the Netherlands and Luxemburg March 
9, 1907; Secretary of the Legation at Christiania Decem- 
ber 21, 1909; Secretary of the Legation at Habana March 
31, loio; associate secretary to the secretary-general of the 
North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration Tribunal at 
The Hague, igio; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Honduras July 6, 191 1; suc- 
cessor appointed September 10, 1913. 

White, Henry — Born in Baltimore, Md., March 29, 1850; 
home, Washington, D. C; educated by private tutors and 
in private schools in the L^nited States and France; LL. D., 
St. Andrew's University, Scotland; appointed Secretary of 
the Legation at Vienna June 6, 1883; Second Secretary of 
the Legation at London November 26, 1883; Secretary 
of the Legation March i, 1886; retired November, 1S93; 
appointed Secretary of the Embassy at London March 19, 
1897; Ambassador E.xtraordinary and Plenipotentiary to 
Italy March 8, 1905; member of the commission to repre- 
sent the United States at the Moroccan Conference No- 
vember 24, 1905; delegate to the conference for the formu- 
lation of rules to govern the International Institute of 
Agriculture at Rome May 28, 1905; appointed Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to France December 
19, 1906; resigned and left Paris November 3, igog. 

Williams, Daniel Webster — Born in Jackson County, Ohio, 
October 31, 1862; attended private and public schools and 
Ohio University at Athens, Ohio; editor of the Standard- 
Journal at Jackson, Ohio, iSSg-igos; appointed, after ex- 
amination (February 9, 1905), Consul at Cardiff March i, 
1905; resigned June 14, 1907. 

Williams, John T. — Born in North Carolina May i, 1859; 
attended public and private schools; Howard State Normal 
School at Fayetteville, N. C; taught in public schools eight 
years; graduated in 1886 from Leonard Medical College, 
Shaw University, Raleigh; physician; organizer and presi- 
dent of a drug company; appointed Consul at Sierra Leone 
February 25, i8g8; resigned April 12, 1906. 



BIOGRAPHICAL STATEMENT, 



131 



Wilson, Henry Lane — Born in Crawfordsville, Ind., No- 
vember 3, 1857; graduate of Wabash College, 1870; editor 
Lafayette Und.) Journal, 1882-1885; practiced law and 
engaged in banking in Spoltane, Wash., 18S5-1896; ap- 
pointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Chile June g, 1897; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium March 8, 1905; dele- 
gate to the International Conference for the Economic 
Expansion of the World, Mons, Belgium, igoi;; delegate to 
the International Conference to Consider Measures for 
Revision of Arms and Ammunition Regulations of the 
General Act of Brussels of July 2, 1890, November 25, 1907; 
appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to Mexico December 21, igog; retired October 13, 1913. 

Wilson, Huntington — Born in Chicago, 111., December 15, 
1875; educated in various preparatory schools and gradu- 
ated from Vale University (A. B.), 1897; took a course in 
the law department of George Washington University ; ad- 
mitted, after examination, to be a member of the bars of the 
Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court of the District of 
Columbia; appointed Second Secretary of the Legation at 
Tokyo May 4, 1897; Secretary of the Legation at Tokyo Oc- 
tober 10, 1900; Charge d'Affaires from January until June, 
igoi, September, 1902, from February 24 until June 2, 1903, 
and from November ig, 1905, until May, 1906; Secretary 
of the Embassy May 26, igo6: Third Assistant Secretary of 
State June 22, 1906; designated chairman of the Board of 
Examiners for the Consular Service, under Executive order 
of June 27, 1906; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary to Roumania and Servia and Diplo- 
matic Agent in Bulgaria December 17, 1908, but did not 
go to post; Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Argentina January 11, igog; when about 
to proceed to his post was offered and accepted the 
Assistant Secretaryship of State under President Taft's 
administration: appointed Assistant Secretary of State 
March 5, igoo; designated chairman of the Board of Ex- 
aminers for the Diplomatic Service, under Executive order 
of November 26, 1909; accredited as Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary on Special Mission to the Ottoman Empire Sep- 
tember 30, 1910; appointed a member of the committee to 
represent the Department of State in the inquiry ordered 
by the President into the economy and efficiency of the 
Executive Departments of the Government October 19, 
1910; Delegate to the Ninth International Conference of 
the Red Cross, Washington, May 7 to 17, 1912; retired 
March ig, 1913. 

Wintfarop, Robert Mason — Born in Boston, Mass., March 7, 
1873; graduate of Harvard University; home, Boston; ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Legation at Brussels May i, 1902; 
Secretary of the Legation at Madrid October 17, igo3; 
Second Secretary of the Embassy at Rome January 10, 
igo7; Secretary of the Legation to Greece and Montenegro 
August 4, 1909; resigned January 26, 1910. 

Wood, Charles M. — Appointed Consulai- Clerk March 24, 
1873; served in the consular offices at Rome, Lyon, and 
Paris, 1873-1882; appointed Deputy Consul-General at 
Rome June 7, 1882; Vice and Deputy Consul-General Feb- 
ruary 12, 1884; died at post May 22, 1908. 



Woods, Cyrus E. — Born in Clearfield, Pa., September 3, 
1861; home, Greensburg, Pa.; graduate of La Fayette Col- 
lege (A. B.), 1886; admitted to the Philadelphia bar in June, 
1S89; was a member of the Senate of Pennsylvania, 1899 
1907, serving as chairman of the judiciary general com- 
mittee, and was president pro tt'iii/>ore of the Senate, 1905- 
igo7; was general counsel of the Pittsburgh Coal Co., 1907- 
1912; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to Portugal January 25, 1912; retired August 
19, 1913. 

Worden, James Perry — Born in Hastings-on-the-Hudscm, 
N. v.. May 25, 1807; attended St. Stephen's College (New 
Vork), Columbia University (A. B. and A. M.), and took 
post-graduate course; attended Halle University, Ger- 
many (Ph. D.); clerk in publishing house; printer, reporter, 
editor, and special foreign correspondent on the New York 
Sun and Tribune for several years; lectured for ten years; 
writer for various periodicals; instructor in modern lan- 
guages at various schools and colleges- appointed, after 
examination (July g, 1907), Consul at Bristol August 13, 
1907; retired January i, 1909. 

Worman, James H. — Born in Berlin, Germany, February 
28, 184s; naturalized; took degrees at the L'niversity of 
Berlin, the Sorbonne, Paris, and several other universities 
abroad and in the United States; editor and publisher of 
various magazines and theological works and editorial 
contributor to several encyclopedias; author of text-books 
in modern and ancient languages; librarian of Drew Theo- 
logical Seminary; held several professorships at different 
universities; appointed, after examination (August 13, 1898), 
Commercial Agent at Cognac August 15, 1898; Consul at 
Munich February 10, 1899; Consul-General at Munich May 
19, 1902; Consul at Three Rivers May 5, 1904; retired June 
30, 1908. 

Wright, Luke E. — Born in Tennessee in 1S46; home, Mem- 
phis, Tenn.; read law and admitted to the bar of Tennessee 
iLL. D., Hamilton College, 1903); practiced law in Mem- 
phis; attorney general of Tennessee eight years; member 
of the United" States Philippine Commission, 1900-1904; 
appointed civil governor of the Philippine Islands, igo4; 
Ambassador Exraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan 
January 25, 1906; resigned, to take effect September i, 1907. 

Wright, William F. — Born in Westbrook, Conn., May 6, 
1858; educated at St. Augustine College, Benecia, Cal.; 
clerk to various Senate committees for about eighteen 
years, twelve of which he was private secretary to a United 
States Senator; appointed, after examination (May 24, 1904), 
Consul-General at Munich May s, igo4; retired May 15, 1907. 

Wynne, Robert J. — Born in New York City November 18, 
1851; attended New York public schools; employed as 
telegrapher and became chief operator of the Pacific & 
Atlantic Telegraph Co.; Washington correspondent of the 
Cincinnati Gazette; private secretary to the Secretary of 
the Treasury; journalist and correspondent of the Cincin- 
nati Tribune, Philadelphia BulletiUj and New Vork Press; 
First Assistant Postmaster General; Postmaster General, 
igo4-5; appointed Consul-General at London March 8, 1905; 
resigned August i, 1909. 



132 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 

XVIII REGULiATIOIVS COIVCERNING PRECEDEIVCE: OF I>IPL,0]>IATIC AGENTS. 

The rules on this subject which have been prescribed by the Department are the same as those 
contained in the seven rules of the Congress of Vienna, found in the protocol of the session of March 
9, 1815, and in the supplementary or eighth rule of the Congress of Aix la Chapelle of November 21 , 
1818. They are as follows : 

Article I. Diplomatic agents are divided into three classes; That of ambassadors, legates, 
or nuncios; that of envoys, ministers, or other persons accredited to sovereigns; that of charges 
d'affaires accredited to ministers for foreign affairs. 

Art. II. Ambassadors, legates, or nuncios only have the representative character. 

Art. III. Diplomatic agents on an extraordinary mission have not, on that account, any supe- 
riority of rank. 

Art. IV. Diplomatic agents shall take precedence in their respective classes according to the 
date of the official notification of their arrival. The present regulation shall not cause any innova- 
tion with regard to the representative of the Pope. 

Art. V. A uniform mode shall be determined in each state for the reception of diplomatic 
agents of each class. 

Art. VI. Relations of consanguinity or of family alliance between courts confer no precedence 
on their diplomatic agents. The same rule also applies to political alliances. 

Art. VII. In acts or treaties between several powers which grant alternate precedence, the 
order which is to be observed in the signatures shall be decided by lot between the ministers. 

Art. VIII. * * * It is agreed that ministers resident accredited to them shall form, with 
respect to their precedence, an intermediate class between ministers of the second class and charges 
d'affaires. 

These rules have been formally or tacitly accepted by all governments except the Ottoman 
Porte, which divides diplomatic representatives into three classes only — ambassadors, ministers, 
and charges d'affaires. 



XIX REGUEiATIOlVS GOVERNIIVG APPOIIVTIWEIVTS Al^FO PROIUOTIOXS ITS THE 

DIPKiOmiATIC SERVICE AIVD FOR THE IIVIPROVEMENT OF THE PERSOIVIVEIi 
OF THE DEPARTItlEIVT OF STATE. 

EXECUTIVE ORDERS. 

Whereas, The Congress, by Section 1753 of the Revised Statutes of the United States has pro- 
vided as follows: — 

"The President is authorized to prescribe such regulations for the admission of persons into 
the civil service of the United States as may best promote the efficiency thereof, and ascertain the 
fitness of each candidate in respect to age, health, character, knowledge, and ability for the branch 
of service into which he seeks to enter; and for this purpose he may employ suitable persons to 
conduct such inquiries, and may prescribe their duties, and establish regulations for the conduct 
of persons who may receive appointments in the civil service." 

And, Whereas, it is deemed best for the public interest to extend to the diplomatic service the 
aforesaid provision of the Revised Statutes and the general principles embodied in the Civil Service 
Act of January i6th, 1883;^ 

The Secretary of State is hereby directed to report from time to time to the President, along 
with his recommendations, the names of those secretaries of the higher grades in the diplomatic 
service who by reason of efficient service have demonstrated special capacity for promotion to be 
chiefs of mission. 

There shall be kept a careful efficiency record of every officer of the diplomatic service, in order 
that there may be no promotion except upon well established efficiency as shown in the service, 
and that retention in the service may be conditioned upon the officers' maintaining a degree of effi- 
ciency well up to the average high standard which the interests of the service demand. 

Initial appointments from outside the service to secretaryships in the diplomatic service shall 
be only to the Classes of Third Secretary of Embassy, or, in case of higher existent vacancies, of 
Second Secretary of Legation, or of Secretary of Legation at such post as has assigned to it but one 
secretary. Vacancies in secretaryships of higher classes shall be filled by promotion from the 
lower grades of the service, based upon efficiency and ability as shown in the service. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 1 33 

To make it more practicable to extend to the appointment, promotion, transfer, or retention 
of secretaries in the diplomatic service the civil service principle of promotion on the basis of effi- 
ciency as shown in the service, and in order that the action of the Department may be understood 
by the officers concerned, all secretaryships in the diplomatic service shall be graded according to 
the importance, volume, difficulty, or other aspects of the work done by each mission in proportion 
to the number of men allotted to it, and this classification shall be made known to the members of 
the service. 

A person separated from a secretaryship in the diplomatic service without delinquency or mis- 
conduct at his own request in writing may, within a period of one year from the date of such 
separation, be reinstated in the grade from which he was separated, provided he shall have been 
originally appointed after the prescribed examination for that grade. In the event, however, that 
such separation shall be for the purpose of undertaking other work under the Department of State, 
the limitation of one year for eligibility for reinstatement shall not hold. This rule shall be appli- 
cable as regards reinstatements to the consular service and also to the Department of State when 
transfers shall have been to another branch of the foreign service. 

The Third* Assistant Secretary of State, the Solicitor for the Department of State, the Chief of the 
Diplomatic Bureau, and the Chief of the Bureau of Appointments, and the Chief Examiner of the 
Civil Service Commission or some person whom the Commission shall designate, or such persons 
as may be designated to serve in their stead, are hereby constituted a Board whose duty it shall 
be to determine the qualifications of persons designated by the President for examination to deter- 
mine their fitness for possible appointment as secretaries of embassy or legation. 

The examination herein provided for shall be held in Washington at such times as the needs 
of the service require. Candidates will be given reasonable notice to attend, and no person shall 
be designated to take the examination within thirty days of the time set therefor. 

The examinations shall be both oral and in writing and shall include the following subjects: — 
international law, diplomatic usage, and a knowledge of at least one modern language other than 
English, to wit, French, Spanish, or German; also the natural, industrial and commercial resources 
and the commerce of the United States, especially with reference to the possibilities of increasing 
and extending the trade of the United States with foreign countries; American history, govern- 
ment and institutions; and the modern history since 1850 of Europe, Latin America and the Far 
East. The object of the oral examination shall also be to determine the candidate's alertness, 
general contemporary information, and natural fitness for the service, including mental, moral, 
and physical qualifications, character, address, and general education and good command of Eng- 
lish. In this part of the examination the applications previously filed will be given due weight by 
the Board of Examiners. In the determination of the final rating, the written and oral ratings 
shall be of equal weight. A physical examination shall also be included as supplemental. 

Examination papers shall be rated on a scale of 100, and no person with a general rating of 
less than 80 shall be certified as eligible. 

No person shall be certified as eligible who is under twenty-one or over fifty years of age, or who 
is not a citizen of the United States, or who is not of good character and habits and physically, 
mentally, and temperamentally qualified for the proper performance of diplomatic work, or who has 
not been specially designated by the President for appointment to the diplomatic service subject to 
examination and subject to the occurrence of an appropriate vacancy. 

Upon the conclusion of the examinations, the names of the candidates who shall have attained 
upon the whole examination the required mark will be certified by the Board to the Secretary of 
State as eligible for appointment. 

The names of candidates will remain on the eligible list for two years, except in the case of 
such candidates as shall within that period be appointed or shall withdraw their names. Names 
which have been on the eligible list for two years will be dropped therefrom and the candidates 
concerned will not again be eligible for appointment unless upon fresh application, designation 
anew for examination, and the successful passing of such second examination. 

Applicants for appointment who are designated to take an examination and who fail to report 
therefor, shall not be entitled to take a subsequent examination unless they shall have been spe- 
cifically designated to take such subsequent examination. 

In designations for appointment subject to examination and in appointments after examina- 
tion, due regard will be had to the rule, that as between candidates of equal merit, appointments 

* As amended by the Executive order of September 17, 1913. 



134 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 

should be made so as to tend to secure proportional representation of all the States and Territories 
in the diplomatic service; and neither in the designation for examination or certification or appoint- 
ment after examination will the political affiliations of the candidates be considered. 

The Board of Examiners is authorized to issue such notices and to make all such rules as it 
may deem necessary to accomplish the object of this regulation. 

Transfers from one branch of the foreign service to another shall not occur except upon 
designation by the President for examination and the successful passing of the examination pre- 
scribed for the service to which such transfer is made. Unless the exigencies of the service 
imperatively demand it, such person to be transferred shall not have preference in designation for 
the taking of the examination or in appointment from the eligible list, but shall follow the course 
of procedure prescribed for all applicants for appointment to the service which he desires to enter. 
To persons employed in the Department of State at salaries of eighteen hundred dollars or more, 
the preceding rule shall not apply and they may be appointed, on the basis of ability and efficiency, 
to any grade of the diplomatic service. 

The Secretary of State may, as provided by Rule III of the present Civil Service Rules, request 
the Civil Service Commission to hold special examinations for the position of clerk of class two or 
above in the Department of State, such examination to follow generally and so far as the Secretary 
of State shall deem practicable, the lines of the present foreign service examinations. 

In the case of promotions in the Department of State to the grades of clerk of class two or 
above, the Secretary of State may require the passing of an examination in the general nature of 
the present diplomatic or consular service examinations. 

With further reference to the matter of promotions^ in the Department of State, the Secretary 
of State is directed to cause to be kept, as a guide in determining the promotion or retention of the 
personnel, a careful record of the efficiency of each clerk in the Department. 

Wm. H. TAFT. 

The White House, November 2b, igog. 



No officer or employee of the Government shall, directly or indirectly, instruct or be concerned 
in any manner in the instruction of any person or classes of persons, with a view to their special 
preparation for the examinations of the Boards of Examiners for the diplomatic and consular 
services. 

The fact that any officer or employee is found so engaged shall be considered sufficient cause 
for his removal from the service. 

Wm. H. TAFT. 

The White House, December 2j, igio. 



INFORMATION FOR APPLICANTS DESIRING APPOINTMENT TO SECRETARYSHIPS 

OF EMBASSY OR LEGATION. 

Diplomatic-service examinations are not held at regularly stated periods, but only at such 
times as it is deemed expedient to replenish the list of those eligible for such appointment. The 
dates of the holding of examinations are publicly announced through the press. 

Although designations for examination are made by the President, applications for appoint- 
ment should be addressed to the Secretary of State. 

An application is considered as pending for a period of two years. After such period has 
elapsed without its being acted upon, another application with endorsements will be necessary to 
obtain for it further consideration. 

Applicants for appointment, in their correspondence with the Department, should always sign 
their names as given in their applications, without enlargement or contraction. 

A candidate is not designated for examination with a view to his appointment to a particular 
post, but in order to determine his eligibility for appointment to some post where, in the judg- 
ment of the Department, his services would best serve the public interest. 

No special training is accepted in lieu of the prescribed examination. 

The Department is not able definitely to forecast when vacancies in the service may occur. 

Blank forms of application for appointment may be had upon application to the Department 
of State. 

For information concerning the appointment of clerks in diplomatic missions, see page 136. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 1 35 

POSTS IN THE AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 

Provision is made for the appointment of the following diplomatic officers: 

Ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiary to Austria-Hungary, Brazil, France, Germany, 
Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Spain, and Turkey, at seventeen thousand five hundred 
dollars each; 

Envoys extraordinary and ministers plenipotentiary to the Argentine Republic, Belgium, 
Chile, China, Cuba, and the Netherlands and Luxemburg, at twelve thousand dollars each; 

Envoys extraordinary and ministers plenipotentiary to Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, 
Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Greece and Montenegro, Guatemala, Haiti, Hon- 
duras, Morocco, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay and Uruguay, Persia, Peru, Portugal, 
Salvador, Siam, Sweden, Switzerland, and Venezuela, at ten thousand dollars each; 

Envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria, ten 
thousand dollars; 

Minister resident and consul-general to Liberia, five thousand dollars; 

Agent and consul-general at Cairo, six thousand five hundred dollars; 

Secretaries of embassy to Austria-Hungary, Brazil, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, 
Japan, Mexico, Russia, and Turkey, at three thousand dollars each; 

Secretaries of legation to the Argentine Republic, Belgium, Chile, China, Cuba, the Nether- 
lands and Luxemburg, and Spain, at two thousand six hundred and twenty-five dollars each; 

Secretaries of legation to Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Ecuador, Guatemala, 
Honduras, Liberia, Morocco, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, 
and Venezuela, at two thousand dollars each; 

Secretary of legation to Salvador and consul-general to San Salvador two thousand dollars; 

Secretary of legation to Siam and consul-general at Bangkok, two thousand dollars; 

Secretary of legation to Greece and Montenegro, two thousand dollars; 

Secretary of legation to the Dominican Republic and consul-general at Santo Domingo, two 
thousand dollars ; 

Secretary of legation to Paraguay and Uruguay, two thousand dollars; 

Secretary of legation and consul-general to Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria, two thousand 
dollars; 

Secretary of legation to Persia and consul-general at Teheran, who shall be an American 
student of the language of that country, two thousand dollars; 

Second secretaries of embassy to Austria-Hungary, Brazil, Great Britain, France, Germany, 
Italy, Japan, Mexico, and Russia, at two thousand dollars each; 

Second secretaries of legation to China and Cuba, at one thousand eight hundred dollars each; 

Second secretary of embassy to Turkey, who shall be an American student of the language of 
that court and country, two thousand dollars; 

Third secretaries of embassy to Great Britain, France, Mexico, Germany, and Russia, at one 
thousand two hundred dollars each; 

Third secretary of embassy to Japan, who shall be an American student of the Japanese 
language, one thousand two hundred dollars; 

Third secretary of embassy to Turkey, who shall be an American student of the Turkish lan- 
guage, one thousand two hundred dollars. 



GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING SECRETARIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC 

SERVICE. 

Secretaries of embassy or legation are entrusted with the duty of transcribing the official com- 
munications of the head of the mission and of recording the same in books to be carefully pre- 
served with the archives of the ofl5ce, and are expected to perform such other duties of an official 
character as may be required of them by their chief of mission. The classification and indexing 
of the originals of all despatches, notes, and official communications, the custody of the records, 
books, seal and cipher of the embassy or legation are also under their control, subject to the 
general supervision and direction of the head of the mission. They are also authorized by statute 
to administer oaths, take depositions, and generally to perform notarial acts. 



136 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 

All diplomatic officers are allowed to draw on the Secretary of State at the rate of five cents 
per mile for the distance required to be traveled in direct transit to or from their posts, but not 
while traveling on leave of absence. They are also allowed compensation at the rate of their 
salary for the time spent in transit within a maximum period fixed for the post. 

When a secretary of legation acts as charge d'affaires ad interim he is allowed, in addition to 
his salary as secretary, the difference between such salary and 50 per centum of the salary of the 
chief of the mission. 

The statutory leave of absence granted to diplomatic officers annually is sixty days, but it 
rests with the Department to determine whether the leave may be granted. When leave of absence 
with permission to visit the United States is granted, the transit time, within a maximum period 
allowed, is not counted as part of the sixty days. 



INFORMATION REGARDING CLERICAL APPOINTMENTS IN THE DIPLOMATIC 

SERVICE. 

Clerks are employed at the various diplomatic missions and receive compensation varying, as 
a rule, from $1,000 to |i,8oo a year. Their duties embrace bookkeeping, letter writing, recording 
correspondence, and routine chancery work. They are frequently appointed upon nomination of 
a chief of mission, but the Department of State exercises its right to make independent appoint- 
ments whenever that course appears to be in the interest of the service. Under the law American 
citizens only may be appointed to clerkships in American diplomatic missions. 

For such appointments no examination is required, but to become eligible for promotion to 
the grade of secretary of embassy or legation a clerk in a diplomatic mission must successfully 
pass the prescribed entrance examination. 

Applications for clerical appointments should be filed with the Department of State. In view, 
however, of the fact that such appointments are frequently made upon the nomination of the prin- 
cipal officer under whom service is to be rendered, direct correspondence with the principal officer 
at the post in which the applicant particularly desires to serve is also advisable. 

A blank form of application for such an appointment may be had upon application to the 
Department of State. 

SAMPLE EXAMINATION FOR THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 

The following questions are furnished as suggestive of the character of those comprised in the 
examination — for the taking of which two days of six hours each are allowed: 

SUBJFXT— INTERNATIONAL LAW. 

1. {a) State the origin and nature of international law and indicate the chief factors in its 
modern development. 

(U) What is the status of international law in American jurisprudence; /. e., is it regarded as a 
branch of municipal law or is it considered a foreign system? 

(c) State some of the leading writers in international law, enumerate some text-books on the 
subject, and state what books you would refer to if a question of international law arose with 
which you are unfamiliar. 

2. (fl) Upon the execution of Louis XVI, the British Government refused to receive the French 
diplomatic agent and sent him his passports. Was the action of the British Government correct? 

{li) Napoleon III began suit in the Supreme Court of the United States. Upon his dethrone- 
ment and the establishment of the French Republic on September 3, 1870, it was contended that 
the suit abated by reason of the deposition of the Emperor Napoleon. What, in your opinion, 
should be the holding on this point? 

(c) Cotton owned by the Confederate States was shipped to their agents in Liverpool, who paid 
the expenses of transportation, took possession of the cotton, stored it in warehouses, and guarded 
it at considerable expense. Upon the fall of the Confederacy the Urcited States filed a bill, praying 
to have the cotton delivered to a duly constituted agent of the United States. The agents of the 
Confederacy seek to enforce a lien on the cotton for their expenses. How, in your opinion, should 
the court decide? 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 1 37 

3. {a) A local statute forbids fishing within the three-mile limit without a license and forbids, 
under penalty' of confiscation of the vessel, all fishing on Sunday. The sloop Venturesome began 
fishing Sunday morning beyond the three-mile limit, but after the nets had been laid and the fish 
surrounded the Venturesome drifted within the three-mile limit and was apprehended while taking 
the fish from the nets placed beyond the three-mile limit, but which had drifted withing the limit. 
Upon suit brought for confiscation of the vessel, what, in your opinion, would be the holding of 
the court? 

{U) Suppose the vessel had begun fishing within the three-mile limit, and noticing the approach 
of a revenue cutter put to sea. The cutter followed, captured the Venturesome upon the high seas, 
brought it to port, and began condemnation proceedings. What, in your opinion, should be the 
holding of the court? 

4. (a) A diplomatic agent, driving his automobile at a rate of speed forbidden by law, runs over 
and seriously injures a passer-by. The chauffeur is notified by the police to go with him to the 
police station but refuses. The policeman thereupon arrests him, the diplomatic agent protesting 
that he must be driven at once to the State Department on important business for his Government. 
If consulted, what would you advise the diplomatic agent and the chauffeur as to their rights and 
duties in the premises. 

(J>) A diplomatic agent leases a house for the period of two years at an annual rental of five 
thousand dollars, payable monthly. The agent pays rent for the first three months, but thereafter 
neglects to pay the rent when due. At the expiration of a year the owner of the house seeks to 
evict the diplomat and files an action to recover the rent due and damages for the breach of the 
lease. What, in your opinion, should be the result? Would it make any difference in your answer 
if instead of a diplomat the tenant was a consul-general? 

5. {a) The late President Castro proceeded to La Guaira upon a French merchant ship. Upon 
his arrival in La Guaira the Venezuelan authorities came aboard and demanded Castro, but the 
captain refused to deliver him. The Venezuelan authorities thereupon withdrew, and the captain, 
fearing that force would be used, transferred Castro to a French man-of-war lying in the harbor. 
Upon demand made upon the man-of-war to surrender Castro and refusal, a land battery opened 
fire upon the man-of-war. Discuss and distinguish the two situations. 

(/') During the recent revolution in Constantinople one X, a member of the late Turkish Cabi- 
net, applied to the American embassy for admission and was admitted. One Y, a- member of the 
recent Government, indicted for the misappropriation of funds, secretly entered the American em- 
bassy. Z, an opponent of the revolution, pursued by a mob, seeks refuge in the American embassy. 
What should be the action of the American embassy in each of these cases? 

Would it make any difference, in your opinion, if the events described had taken place in Paris 
upon the overthrow of Napoleon III or in Brazil upon the expulsion of Dom Pedro? 

6. A Japanese army crosses the boundary between Korea and China at 1.30 a. m., on May 
15, 19 — . News of the invasion of China by Japanese forces does not reach Manila until May 17, 
ig — . On May 16, without any knowledge of the state of affairs created by the invasion of 
China, X, Y & Z, an American firm, shipped on board an American steamer a cargo of arms and 
ammunition, destined to a Chinese port, in fulfillment of a contract previously entered into. The 
vessel is captured by a Japanese cruiser on the ground that war existed between China and Japan. 
X, Y & Z asked the good offices of the American embassy at Tokyo to secure the release of the 
cargo on the ground that there was no declaration of war and the American shippers did not and 
could not know at the date of the shipment of the hostile relation between Japan and China. What 
advice would you give to the representative of X, Y & Z? 

7. Discuss the effect of war upon trade; upon executory and executed contracts? 

8. (rt) Define contraband, state its divisions, and the penalty for its carriage if captured. 

(b) Define blockade and note the conditions under which a declaration is valid as binding upon 
neutrals. 

9. State the requirements of a valid capture of {a) enemy and (b) neutral property upon the 
high seas. State when title passes to captor in each case and the formalities requisite to give a 
perfect title to captured property. 

10. (a) Enumerate some of the more important recent international conferences and state some 
of their most important results. 

(U) Explain the distinction between "good offices," "mediation," and "arbitration." Cite 



138 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 

some American instances of arbitration, and explain the attitude of the United States toward 
arbitration. 

(c) Give the general arbitration clause and explain why "independence, vital interests, and 
honor" are excluded from the obligation of arbitration provided for by recent treaties. 

SUBJECT— DIPLOMATIC USAGE. 

1. What official relations, if any, does a secretary of legation have with the Government of the 
country in which he resides? 

2. Give your understanding of the difference between a charge d'affaires, a charge d'affaires 
ad interim, and a charge des affaires. 

3. A secretary of legation being in charge of the legation at the time of the arrival of a new 
minister, what part would the secretary of legation be called upon to take in the preliminaries pre- 
ceding the minister's official reception? 

4. The immunity from the criminal and civil jurisdiction of the country of his sojourn, which 
the diplomatic representative possesses, is also accorded to the secretary of the legation. On what 
ground? 

5. What is the procedure in the case of an international convention to which a large number 
of Governments are signatory? 

SUBJECT-MODERN LANGUAGES. 

Make a close translation of one (and only one) of the following into idiomatic English: 

Ambassade de la Republique 

FRAN5AISE Aux Etats-Unis, 

Washington, le 75" Mai igo2. 
Monsieur le President: 

J'ai regu de mon Gouvernement le tel6gramme suivant: 

" Le President et le Gouvernement de la Republique fran9aise profond^ment emus de la sym- 
pathie que le President, le Gouvernement, le Congres et la Nation des Etats-Unis t^moignent aux 
victimes de la catastrophe de la Martinique, vous chargent d'etre aupres d'eux I'interprete de la 
reconnaissance qu'eprouve la Nation franfaise toute entiere pour cette genereuse assistance dont 
le souvenir demeurera imp6rissable." 

En vous apportant I'expression des remerciments de M. le President de la Republique et du 
Gouvernement fran^ais, je ne saurais vous dire assez, Monsieur le President, combien je suis sen- 
sible a I'honneur d'etre leur interprete aupres de vous. 

Les sentiments traditionnels d'amitie, qui unissent les Etats-Unis a la France, ne se sont 
jamais manifestos avec plus d'eclat, mais, en montrant qu'il existe entre les nations comme entre 
les particuliers, des liens d'humanite et de pitie vous avez donn6 au monde civilise un exemple 
qui restera dans la memoire des hommes. 

AgrOez, je voue prie. Monsieur le President, les assurances de ma haute et respectueuse 
consideration. 

Jules Cambon. 

Monsieur le President des Etats-Unis d'Amerique. 

El Embajador de Francia 

Al Presidente del Consejo de Ministros, 

MiNISTRO DE ESTADO. 

Madrid, 16 de Febrero de igoo. 
Sr. Presidente: 

El Ministro de Negocios Extranjeros de la Repdblica, a quien comunique la adhesion del 
Gobierno de S. M. d nuestra proposicion de reanudar en Paris las negociaciones relativas d la 
delimitaci6n de les territorios discutidos entre nuestros dos paises en el Golfo de Guinea, me encarga 
manifieste d V. E. que estd dispuesto por su parte k continuar inmediatamente esta negociaci6n, 
poniendose de acuerdo, al efecto, con el Sr. Leon y Castillo. 

A su juicio, el Embajador de S. M. podria estar asistido, como el lo estard, por uno 6 dos Dele- 
gados, d quienes incumbiria la preparaci6n de las soluciones sobre las cuales habria luego que 
ponerse de acuerdo. Monsieur Delcasse estd dispuesto d confiar este trabajo d un Agente de su 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE DIPLOMATIC SERVICE. 1 39 

Departamento, en union de un funcionario de la Administraci6n de las Colonias. V. E. apreciard 
si le es posible confiar igual encargo d uno de los miembros de la Embajada espanola en Paris y 
& un Delegado t^cnico para que exista igualdad en la representacion de los dos paises. 

For lo que respecta 4 las negociaciones en si mismas, el Ministro de Negocios Extranjeros de 
la Repdblica estima como V. E. que es preferible volver lo menos posible al examen de los titulos 
invocados por una y otra parte, ya que el estudio de que han sido objeto y la facultad de referirse 
A esta primera parte delos trabajos permiten reducir al niinimuni esta especie de informaci6n previa. 

Kaiskrlich Deutsche Botschaft, 

I'Vashington, den ^ Juni igos. 
Herr Staatssekretar: 

Emil Heiden-Heimer, Hopfenhandlung in Mainz, hatte an den in Monterey (Mexico) verstor- 
benen William Bischoff, Direktor der Cerveceria Cuanhtemoc daselbst, eine Darlehnsforderung 
von 300 Mark. 

Herr Heiden-Heimer hat sich dieserhalb an den Kaiserlichen Vicekonsul in Monterey gewendet, 
welcher ihm unter dem 30 April d. J. mitgetheilt hat, dass der Generalkonsul der Vereinigten 
Staaten in Monterey erklart habe, er konne nur die in Mexico kontrahirten Verbindlichkeiten des 
Verstorbenen decken, den danach verbleibenden Rest des Nachlasses werde er in den ersten Tagen 
des Mai d. J. an das Schatzamt der Vereinigten Staaten in Washington abfuhren. Die gedachte 
Schuldforderung sei desshalb durch die Behorden der Vereinigten Staaten geltend zu machen. 

Auf den Antrag des Herrn Heiden-Heimer beehre ich mich Eurer Excellenz gefallige Vermit- 
telung dafiir ergebenst in Anspruch zu nehmen dass, die Forderung desselben von 300 Mark bei 
Regelung des Bischoff' schen Nachlasses beriicksichtigt werde. 

Idem ich einen beziiglichen Rechnungsauszug hier beifuge, benutze ich auch diesen Anlass, 
um Eurer Excellenz die Versicherung meiner ausgezeichnetsten Hochachtung zu erneuern. 

Holleben. 

Make an idiomatic translation of the following into the language chosen by you above. 

Department of State, 

IVashington, August 12, igoo. 

The Government of the United States learns with satisfaction of the appointment of Earl Li 
Hung Chang as envoy plenipotentiary to conduct negotiations with the powers, and will, on its 
part, enter upon such negotiations with a desire to continue the friendly relations so long existing 
between the two countries. 

It is evident that there can be no general negotiation between China and the powers so long as 
the ministers of the powers and the persons under their protection remain in their present position 
of restraint and danger, and that the powers can not cease their efforts for the delivery of these 
representatives, to which they are constrained by the highest considerations of national honor, 
except under an arrangement adequate to accomplish a peaceable deliverance. 

We are ready to enter into an agreement between the powers and the Chinese Government for 
a cessation of hostile demonstrations, on condition that a sufficient body of the forces composing 
the relief expedition shall be permitted to enter Peking unmolested and to escort the foreign min- 
isters and residents back to Tientsin; this movement being provided for and secured by such 
arrangements and dispositions of troops as shall be considered satisfactory by the generals com- 
manding the forces composing the relief expedition. 

SUBJECT— NATURAL, INDUSTRIAL, AND COMMERCIAL RESOURCES AND COMMERCE OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 

1. In connection with the conservation of the natural resources of the United States, discuss 
one, and only one, of the following: 

(a) Our forests. 

{(>) Our water supply (rivers and streams). 

2. Name five important groups of manufacturing industries in the United States, and two 
States leading in each. 



140 ATPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

3. Name, in the order of their relative importance, two principal classes of articles of export 
from the United States to — 

(a) China. 
{6} Australia. 
(c) Canada. 
{{/) Argentina. 
(e) Russia. 

4. (rt) To what cause or causes do you attribute the present high cost of meats in the United 

States? 
{d) Name the two principal centers of the meat-packing industry. Name the two principal 
cattle-raising States. 

SUBJECT-AMERICAN HISTORV\ GOVERNMENT, AND INSTITUTIONS. 

1. How, when, and from whom was (a) the contiguous territory of the United States acquired; 
{/>) the noncontiguous territory? 

2. (^7) By what treaty was the war of 1812 with Great Britain terminated? 
(/^ When was that treaty signed and when was it ratified? 

(c) What important battle was fought after the treaty was signed, and by whom were the 
opposing forces in that battle commanded? 

3. How is the President of the United States chosen, and what are the constitutional require- 
ments for eligibility to the office? 

4. Name the executive departments of the Federal Government, and state the principal func- 
tions of each. 

5. Where in the American Government is the treaty-making power vested? 

SUBJECT— MODERN HISTORY (SINCE 1850) OF EUROPE, SOUTH AMERICA, AND THE FAR EAST. 

1. Briefly describe the features which have been noticeable in the governmentand development 
of South American republics. 

2. With what countries and events do you associate the following: Alexander II; Bismarck; 
Marquis Ito; Dom Pedro; Cecil Rhodes; Thiers; Garibaldi; Maximilian? 

3. Briefly describe the form of government of the German Empire. 

4. What causes led up to the Russo-Japanese War and what were its results? 



XX REGUI.ATIOIVS OOVERIVIIVG APPOIIVTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN 

THE CONSUE.AR SERVICE. 

EXECUTIVE ORDERS. 

Whereas, The Congress, by Section 1753 of the Revised Statutes of the United Slates has pro- 
vided as follows: 

"The President is authorized to prescribe such regulations for the admission of persons into 
the civil service of the United States as may best promote the efficiency thereof, and ascertain the 
fitness of each candidate in respect to age, health, character, knowledge, and ability for the branch 
of service into which he seeks to enter; and for this purpose he may employ suitable persons to 
conduct such inquiries, and may prescribe their duties, and establish regulations for the conduct 
of persons who may receive appointments in the civil service." 

And, whereas, the Congress has classified and graded the consuls-general and consuls of the 
United States by the act entitled "An act to provide for the reorganization of the consular service 
of the United States," approved April 5, 1906, and has thereby made it practicable to extend to 
that branch of the civil service the aforesaid provisions of the Revised Statutes and the principles 
embodied in the Civil Service Act of January 16, 1883. 

Now, therefore, in the exercise of the powers conferred upon him by the Constitution and laws 
of the United States, the President makes t^e following regulations to govern the selection of 
consuls general and consuls in the civil service of the United States, subject always to the advice 
and consent of the Senate: — 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. I4I 

1. Vacancies in the office of consul-general and in the office of consul above class 8 shall be 
filled by promotion from the lower grades of the consular service, based upon ability and efficiency 
as shown in the service. 

2. Vacancies in the office of consul of class 8 and of consul of class 9 shall be filled: 

(a)* By promotion on the basis of ability and efficiency as shown in the service, of consular 
assistants! and of vice consuls, deputy consuls, consular agents, student interpreters and inter- 
preters in the consular or diplomatic service, who shall have been appointed to such offices upon 
examination. 

(d) By new appointments of candidates who have passed a satisfactory examination for 
appointment as consul as hereafter provided. 

3. Persons in the service of the Department of State with salaries of two thousand dollars or 
upwards shall be eligible for promotion, on the basis of ability and efficiency as shown in the 
service, to any grade of the consular service above class 8 of consuls. 

4. The Secretary of State, or such officer of the Department of State as the President shall 
designate, the Director of the Consular Service, :f the Chief of the Consular Bureau,:}: and the Chief 
Examiner of the Civil Service Commission, or some person whom said Commission shall designate, 
shall constitute a Board of Examiners for admission to the consular service. 

5. It shall be the duty of the Board of Examiners to formulate rules for and hold examina- 
tions of applicants for admission to the consular service. 

6. The scope and method of the examinations shall be determined by the Board of Examiners, 
but among the subjects shall be included at least one modern language other than English; the 
natural, industrial and commercial resources and the commerce of the United States, especially 
with reference to the possibilities of increasing and extending the trade of the United States with 
foreign countries; political economy; elements of international, commercial and maritime law. 

7. Examination papers shall be rated on a scale of 100, and no person rated at less than 80 
shall be eligible for certification. 

8. No one shall be examined who is under twenty-one or over fifty years of age, or who is 
not a citizen of the United States, or who is not of good character and habits and physically and 
mentally qualified for the proper performance of consular work, or who has not been specially 
designated by the President for appointment to the consular service subject to examination. 

g. Whenever a vacancy shall occur in the eighth or ninth class of consuls which the President 
may deem it expedient to fill, the Secretary of State shall inform the Board of Examiners, who 
shall certify to him the list of those persons eligible for appointment, accompanying the certifi- 
cate with a detailed report showing the qualifications, as revealed by examination, of the persons 
so certified. If it be desired to fill a vacancy in a consulate in a country in which the United States 
exercises extra-territorial jurisdiction, the Secretary of State shall so inform the Board of Exam- 
iners, who shall include in the list of names certified by it only such persons as have passed the 
examination provided for in this order, and who also have passed an examination in the funda- 
mental principles of the common law, the rules of evidence and the trial of civil and criminal cases. 
The list of names which the Board of Examiners shall certify shall be sent to the President for his 
information. 

10. No promotion shall be made except for efficiency, as shown by the work that the officer 
has accomplished, the ability, promptness and diligence displayed by him in the performance of 
all his official duties, his conduct and his fitness for the consular service. 

II. § It shall be the duty of the Board of Examiners to formulate rules for and hold examina- 
tions of persons designated for appointment as consular assistant f or as student interpreter, and of 
such persons designated for appointment as vice consul, deputy consul and consular agent, as shall 
desire to become eligible for promotion. The scope and method of such examination shall be 
determined by the Board of Examiners, but it shall include the same subjects hereinbefore pre- 
scribed for the examination of consuls. Any vice consul, deputy consul or consular agent now in 
the service, upon passing such an examination shall become eligible for promotion, as if appointed 
upon such examination. 



* As amended by Executive orders of December 12, iqo6, and April 20, igoy. 

t As amended by the Act approved May 21, igoS. 

+ As amended by Executive order of December 8, 1909. 

§ As amended by Executive order of December 12, iqo6. 



142 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

12. In designations for appointment subject to examination and in appointments after exam- 
ination, due regard will be had to the rule, that as between candidates of equal merit, appointments 
should be so made as to secure proportional representation of all the States and Territories in the 
consular service; and neither in the designation for examination or certification or appointment 
will the political affiliations of the candidate be considered. 

THEODORE ROOSEVELT. 

The White Hovs^, June 27th, igo6. 



No officer or employee of the Government shall, directly or indirectly, instruct or be concerned 
in any manner in the instruction of any person or classes of persons, with a view to their special 
preparation for the examinations of the Boards of Examiners for the diplomatic and consular 
services. 

The fact that any officer or employee is found so engaged shall be considered sufficient cause 
for his removal from the service. 

W.M. H. TAFT. 

The White House, December sj, igio. 



REGULATIONS GOVERNING EXAMINATIONS FOR THE CONSULAR SERVICE 
PROMULGATED BY THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS DECEMBER 13, 1906. 

1. The examinations will be the same for all grades and will be to determine a candidate's 
eligibility for appointment in the consular service, irrespective of the grade for which he may have 
been designated for examination and without regard to any particular office for which he may be 
selected. 

2. The examinations will consist of an oral and a written one, the two counting equally. The 
object of the oral examination will be to determine the candidate's business ability, alertness, 
general contemporary information, and natural fitness for the service, including moral, mental, 
and physical qualifications, character, address, and general education and good command of 
English. In this part of the examination the applications previously filed will be given due weight 
by the Board of Examiners, especially as evidence of the applicant's business experience and 
ability. The written examination will include those subjects mentioned in the Executive order, 
to wit, at least one modern language other than English — French, German, or Spanish;* the 
natural, industrial, and commercial resources and the commerce of the United States, especially 
with reference to possibilities of increasing and extending the foreign trade of the United States; 
political economy, and the elements of international, commercial, and maritime law. It will like- 
wise include American history, government, and institutions; political and commercial geography; 
arithmetic (as used in commercial statistics, tariff calculations, exchange, accounts, etc.); the 
modern history, since 1850, of Europe, Latin America, and the Far East, with particular attention 
to political, commercial, and economic tendencies. In the written examination, composition 
grammar, punctuation, spelling, and writing will be given attention. 

3. To become eligible for appointment, except as student interpreter, in a country where the 
United States exercises extraterritorial jurisdiction, the applicant must pass the examination 
outlined above, but supplemented by questions to determine his knowledge of the fundamental 
principles of common law, the rules of evidence, and the trial of civil and criminal cases. 

4. The examinations to be given candidates for appointment as student interpreters will follow 
the same course as in the case of other consular officers, provided, however, that no one will be 
examined for admission to the consular service as a student interpreter who is not between the 
ages of nineteen and twenty-six, inclusive, and unmarried; and, provided further, that upon 
appointment each student interpreter shall sign an agreement to continue in the service so long as 
his services may be required, within a period of five f years. 

5. Upon the conclusion of the examinations the names of the candidates who shall have 
attained upon the whole examination an average mark of at least eighty, as required by the Execu- 



*As amended by the Board of Examiners February 18, 1911. 
t As amended by the Act approved May 21, iqo8. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 1 43 

tive order, will be certified by the Board to the Secretary of State as eligible for appointment in the 
consular service, and the successful candidates will be informed that this has been done. 

6. The names of candidates will remain on the eligible list for two years, except in the case of 
such candidates as shall within that period be appointed, or as shall withdraw their names, and of 
candidates holding subordinate positions in the consular service, when eligibility shall not expire 
until appointment to consular rank or until separation from the service. Candidates whose names 
have thus been dropped from the eligible list will not again be eligible for appointment unless 
upon fresh application, designation anew for examination, and the successful passing of such 
second examination.* 

INFORMATION FOR APPLICANTS DESIRING APPOINTMENT IN THE CONSULAR 

SERVICE. 

The next consular-service examination will be held beginning January 19, 1914. 

Consular-service examinations are held in Washington only. 

Blank forms of application for appointment may be had upon application to the Department 
of State. 

Although designations for examination are made by the President, applications for appoint- 
ment should be addressed to the Secretary of State. 

Applications are considered as pending for a period of two years. After such period has 
elapsed without their being acted upon, another application with indorsements will be necessary 
to obtain for them further consideration. 

Applicants for appointment, in their correspondence with the Department, should always sign 
their names as given in their applications, without enlargement or contraction. 

A candidate is not designated for examination with a view to his appointment to a particular 
post, but in order to determine his eligibility for appointment to some post where, in the judgment 
of the Department, his services would best serve the public interests. 

No special training is accepted in lieu of the prescribed examination, and no transfers, without 
examination, are made to the consular service from other branches of the Government service. 
The successful passing of the regular entrance examination, except as provided for in regulations 
2 and 3 of the Executive order of June 27, 1906, is necessary for appointment. 

The Department is not able definitely to forecast when vacancies in the service may occur. 

Clerks in consular offices and vice and deputy consuls are appointed without examination, but 
are only eligible for appointment to the grade of consul upon the passing of the regular entrance 
examination. 

Appointments to the consular service are made only after a rigid physical examination of the 
candidate. 

It is not the practice of the Department to designate for examination vice or deputy consuls or 
clerks in consulates until they have served at least two years. 

The written language examinations include papers in French, German, and Spanish only. 

Dependent upon the number of candidates, the examinations last from three to six days. 



GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING CONSULAR OFFICERS. 

DUTIES OF CONSULAR OFFICERS. 

Consular officers are expected to endeavor to maintain and promote all the rightful interests of 
American citizens, and to protect them in all privileges provided for by treaty or conceded by usage; 
to visa and, when so authorized, to issue passports; when permitted by treaty, law, or usage, to 
take charge of and settle the personal estates of Americans who may die abroad without legal or 
other representatives, and remit the proceeds to the Treasury in case they are not called for by a 
legal representative within one year; to ship, discharge, and, under certain conditions, maintain 
and send American seamen to the United States; to settle disputes between masters and seamen of 
American vessels; to investigate charges of mutiny or insubordination on the high seas and send 
mutineers to the United States for trial; to render assistance in the case of wrecked or stranded 
American vessels, and, in the absence of the master or other qualified person, take charge of the 



*As amended by the Board of Examiners October 25, 1911. 



144 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

wrecks and cargoes if permitted to do so by the laws of the country; to receive the papers of 
American vessels arriving at foreign ports and deliver them after the discharge of the obligations 
of the vessels toward the members of their crews, and upon the production of clearances from the 
proper foreign port officials; to certify to the correctness of the valuation of merchandise exported 
to the United States where the shipment amounts to more than fioo; to act as official witnesses to 
marriages of American citizens abroad; to aid in the enforcement of the immigration laws, and to 
certify to the correctness of the certificates issued by Chinese and other officials to Chinese persons 
coming to the United States; to protect the health of our seaports by reporting weekly the sanitary 
and health conditions of the ports at which they reside, and by issuing to vessels clearing for the 
United States bills of health describing the condition of the ports, the vessels, crews, passengers 
and cargoes; and to take depositions and perform other acts which notaries public in the United 
States are authorized or required to perform. A duty of prime importance is the promotion of 
American commerce by reporting available opportunities for the introduction of our products, 
aiding in the establishment of relations between American and foreign commercial houses, and 
lending assistance wherever practicable to the marketing of American merchandise abroad. 

In addition to the foregoing duties, consular officers in China, Turkey, Siam, Maskat, Morocco, 
and a few other so-called un-Christian countries, are invested with judicial powers over American 
citizens in those countries. These powers are usually defined by treaty, but generally include 
the trial of civil cases to which Americans are parties, and in some instances extend to the trial of 
criminal cases. 

VICE-CONSULAR OFFICERS. 

A vice-consular officer takes the place and exercises all the functions or powers of a consul- 
general or consul when the latter is temporarily absent or relieved from duty. He receives no 
salary except in the absence of the consul-general or consul, when he receives one-half of that 
officer's salary (in the absence of an agreement to the contrary). For the period during which the 
consul-general or consul may be absent beyond sixty daysand the time necessary to make the jour- 
ney to and from the United States, the vice-consular officer receives the entire salary of the office. 
It is usual to give a vice-consul regular employment as a clerk in the consular office, in which 
case he receives regular compensation at the rate of from $300 to f 1,500 a year, according to the 
importance of the office and the nature of the work to be performed. For such appointments no 
examination is required, but to become eligible for promotion to the grade of consul a vice-consular 
officer must successfully pass the prescribed entrance examination. 

DEPUTY CONSULAR OFFICERS. 

A deputy consular officer is a subordinate of a consul-general or consul, under whose super- 
vision he exercises consular functions, usually of a routine character. He never assumes the 
responsible charge of the office, that being the duty of the vice-consul. His compensation is limited 
to that which he may receive for performing duties as clerk, and varies from $300 to $1,500 a year, 
according to the importance of the post. For such appointments no examination is required, but 
to become eligible for promotion to the grade of consul a deputy consular officer must successfully 
pass the prescribed entrance examination. 

CONSULAR AGENTS. 

A consular agent is an officer subordinate to a consul-general or consul, exercising similai 
powers at ports or places different from those at which the consulate general or consulate is situated. 
He acts under the direction of his principal, and one half of the fees collected by him constitute his 
compensation, which may not exceed f 1,000 in any one year. 

CONSULAR ASSISTANTS. 

There are forty consular assistants, who are appointed by the President and hold office 
during good behavior. They may be assigned, from time to time, to such consular offices and 
with such duties as the Secretary of State may direct. When so assigned they are subordinate to 
the principal officer at the post, and perform such clerical or other duties of the office as he may 
designate. They receive a salary of f 1,000 a year for the first three years, and thereafter f 200 a 
year additional each succeeding year until a maximum of $t,8oo is reached. Candidates for the 
office of consular assistant must be over eighteen years of age. Consular assistants are eligible 
for promotion to the grade of consul without further examination. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 1 45 

CLERKS IN CONSULAR OFFICES. 

Clerks are employed at the various consular offices and receive compensation varying, as a 
rule, from $300 to $1,500 a year, beginning with their arrival and entrance upon duty at the con- 
sular office. Their duties embrace bookkeeping, letter writing, recording correspondence, and 
routine consular work. They are frequently appointed upon nomination of a consul-general or 
consul, but the Department of State exercises its right to make independent appointments v/hen- 
ever that course appears to be in the interest of the service. Preference is given to American 
citizens for clerkships of all grades, and ottly such citizens will be considered for appointment to 
positions the compensation of which is fi.ooo a year or more. 

For such appointments no examination is required, but to become eligible for promotion to 
the grade of student interpreter, consular assistant, or consul a clerk in a consular office must 
successfully pass the prescribed entrance examination. 

Applications for clerical appointments should be filed with the Department of State. In view, 
however, of the fact that such appointments are frequently made upon the nomination of the prin- 
cipal officer under whom service is to be rendered, direct correspondence with the principal officer 
at the post in which the applicant particularly desires to serve is also advisable. 

STUDENT- INTERPRETERS. 

Provision is made for ten student interpreters at the legation to China, six at the embassy to 
Japan, and ten at the embassy to Turkey. These officers receive annual salaries of $1,000 and 
allowances for tuition of f 180 each in China and $125 each in Japan and Turkey, and are required 
to study the language of the country with a view of supplying interpreters to the American diplo- 
matic and consular offices in China, Japan, and Turkey. Upon receiving an appointment each 
student interpreter is required to sign an agreement to continue in the service as interpreter to the 
legations and consulates so long as his services may be required within a period of five years. 
After acquiring the language of the country, they may be assigned to duty in diplomatic or con- 
sular offices, and are eligible to promotion to the office of interpreter and to that of consul of class 
8 or 9. 

MARSHALS FOR CONSULAR COURTS. 

Marshals are provided for certain of the consular courts in China and at Constantinople, 
Turkey, where the American consuls are invested with judicial powers over American citizens. 
It is the duty of marshals to execute all process issued by the ambassador or minister of the 
United States, or by the consuls at the ports at which they reside, and to make due return thereof, 
and to perform the duties comprehended in the consular court regulations. They are also required 
to assist in the general work of the consulates. 

COMPENSATION OF CONSULAR OFFICERS. 

All consular officers whose respective salaries exceed f 1,000 a year are prohibited from engag- 
ing in private business in the country in which they have their official residence, and the Depart- 
ment may extend this prohibition to any other consular officer or employee. Consular officers 
are required to account for all fees collected by them, and the salaries fixed by law or regulation 
constitute their sole and only compensation, except as specially provided in the case of consular 
agents, who are compensated, up to the limit of $1,000, by one-half of the fees collected by them. 

TRAVELING EXPENSES. 

Consuls-general, consuls, and student interpreters are entitled to additional compensation of 
five cents a mile when traveling under orders of the Secretary of State, and in going to and 
returning from their posts, except in connection with leaves of absence. Consular assistants are 
allowed actual and necessary traveling expenses, but no provision is made for traveling expenses 
of clerks in consular offices. ' 

EXAMINATIONS. 

As will be seen by reference to the foregoing regulations for promotion and examination, all 
candidates for the offices of consul of class 8 or 9, consular assistant, and student interpreter, and also 
candidates for the offices of vice and deputy consular officer and consular agent who may desire to 
become eligible for promotion are required to pass the prescribed examination. Candidates for 
the offices of vice and deputy consular officer and consular agent who do not desire to become eli- 
gible for promotion, and of clerk in a consular office, are not required to be examined. 

s II 70 10 



146 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

SAMPLE EXAMINATION FOR THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

[The relative weights of the subjects, on a scale of 20, are: International, Maritime, and Commercial Law, 3; Political and 
Commercial Geography, 3; Arithmetic, 2; Modern Languages, 2; Natural, Industrial, and Commercial Resources 
and Commerce of the United States, 4; Political Economy, 2; American History, Government, and Institutions, 2; and 
Modern History (since 1850) of Europe, South America, and the Far East, 2.] 

[Examinations of April, 1912.] 

SUBJECT-INTERNATIONAL, MARITIME, AND COMMERCIAL LAW. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer six (and only 
six) of the following questions: 

1. (a) Distinguish between citizenship and domicile. 

(d) Name three ways in which citizenship may be terminated. 

2. In the absence of treaty stipulations, what effect will the return of a naturalized citizen of 
the United States to his native country have, with regard to liability to military service? 

3. (a) A vessel being overdue, her owners took out insurance to cover vessel and cargo. It 

subsequently appeared that when such insurance was taken out the vessel had already 
been wrecked and the cargo lost. Can the owners collect the insurance? 
(/>) What rate of insurance may legally be charged on a respondentia bond? 

4. Discuss the question of the right of a neutral power to have commercial dealings with a 
belligerent. 

5. What is the modern practice with reference to private property of citizens of one belligerent 
power, found within the territory of the other belligerent? 

6. What is the practice with reference to private property found on the high seas under the 
following circumstances: (r) Neutral goods, not contraband, under an enemy's flag; (2) enemy's 
goods, not contraband, under a neutral flag; (3) contraband goods undera neutral flag and consigned 
to a neutral port? 

7. A, the holder of a promissory note made by B and indorsed by C, accepted from B, on the 
day the note fell due, a check dated six days later, which check was to be in full satisfaction of the 
note. The check proved worthless when presented on the day of its date, and B failed to pay 
the note. Has A a right of action against C, the indorser? Why? 

8. (a) Define bill of lading, invoice, power of attorney, and bill of exchange. 

{l>) Under what circumstances, if any, may a bank avoid liability for the payment of a 
forged check? 

SUBJECT— POLITICAL AND COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer four (and only 
four) of the following questions: 

1. (a) Name five seaports on the east coast of Asia north of Singapore and exclusive of Japan. 
(d) Locate (i) the Gulf of Bothnia; (2) the Black Sea; (3) the Kongo River; (4) Lake Atha- 
basca; (5) Lake Nyasa. 

2. (a) Name two principal silk-producing countries. 

(3) Give two leading exports of (i) Argentina, (2) Australia, (3) Norway, (4) India. 

3. {a) Name the two river valleys which produce the most rubber. 
{i>) What two countries are the greatest manufacturers of steel? 

(c) What are the two greatest cotton-producing countries of the world? 

4. (a) To what countries, respectively, do the following belong: (i) The Bermudas; (2) Iceland; 

(3) the Gallipagos Islands; (4) the Caroline Islands; (5) Madagascar? 

(d) In what country is each of the following-named cities: (r) Asuncion; (2) Adelaide; (3) 

Fez; (4) Teheran; (5) Liege? 

5. NaiTie eight bodies of water through which a ship would pass on a direct voyage from Balti- 

more to Odessa. 

SUBJECT-ARITHMETIC. 

1. The following table shows the number of passengers departing from seaports of the United 
States for foreign countries during a period of six years. Find the "total number of passengers 
departed" for each of the years given in the table and the "grand total " for all the years. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 



147 



Cabin passengers. 



Year. 



Under 12 
years. 



1900 
igoi 
1902 

1903 



12 years 
and over. 



11,042 
17.758 
13.972 
13.074 
11.959 



85.663 
"7. 205 
138,137 
134.592 
145,078 
156,725 



Passengers other 
than cabin. 



Under 12 
years. 



15.790 
15.283 
23,001 
19,010 



12 years 
and over. 



115,067 
112,478 
114,498 
139.1.50 
20,323 j 148,325 
22,477 184,100 



Total number passen- 
gers departed. 



Grand total. 



2. Make in the form below an itemized statement of the following account as it should appear 
taken from the books of Robert Rant; make a proper heading; close the account; and bring down 
the balance as it should have appeared February i, 1911. 

During the month of January, 1911, Russell & Son had the following transactions with Robert 
Rant: Jan. i, he owed them on account $98.75. Jan. 2, he gave them his note due in 20 days for 
$50. Jan. 4, he sold them 280 pounds coffee at 30}4 cents per pound. Jan. 5, he bought of them 
369 bushels corn at 68 cents per bushel. Jan. 6, he sold them 2,750 feet lumber at $16.40 per 
thousand. Jan. 8, he transferred to them by indorsement a note of $400, less a discount of $4. 
Jan. 25, he bought of them 2,650 pounds of sugar at 4^ cents per pound, agreeing to pay the 
freight also at 18 cents per 100 pounds, the freight to be prepaid by them. Jan. 29, they sold him 
5,600 pounds coal at $6.30 per ton of 2,240 pounds. 

in accouni with 





Dr. 


Dolls. 


Cts. 




Cr. 


Dolls. 


Cts. 






























* 




































1 










1 






1 






















































































































































1 










1 








1 


















1 


















■ 1 








1 



3. A merchant bought goods for $2,058. For how much money must they be marked to sell in 
order that he may give a trade discount of 12^^ percent, lose 16%^ percent by bad debts, and still 
make a gain of I4f per cent of the cost? 

4. The duty on certain woven fabrics in the piece is a follows: 
If weighing not over ^ ounce per square yard, $4 per pound. 



148 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

If weighing over ^ ounce but not over ^ ounce per square yard, $3 per pound. 

If weighing over 7^ ounce but not over i ounce per square yard, $2.65 per pound. 

If weighing over i ounce per square yard, $2.50 per pound. 

What is the duty on an importation of such fabrics containing 79,200 meters, ^ yard wide, 
the total weight of the importation being 1,200 kilos. 

(i meter=39.37 inches; i kilo=2.046 pounds.) 

(All the work of determining the rate of duty must be given in full, absolute exactness being 
required. Compute the duty on the nearest whole number of pounds in the importation.) 

SUBJECT— MODERN LANGUAGES. 
Make a close translation of one (and only one) of the following into idiomatic English: 

Sres. J. H. y Ca, Ldndres. ' Habana, 5 de /uNo, igii. 

MuY Sres. mios: Me ha mencionado nuestro amigo comun el Sr. D. J. R., capit^n de la 
" Libertad", su casa de Uds. en Londres como una de las mas respetables; me amparo pues de esta 
ocasion para entablar correspondencia con Uds., tomandome la libertad de remitirles adjunta la 
factura de embarque de 12 barriles de azucar, cargados para Londres con direccion a la casa de 
Uds. sobre el navio el " William and Mary ", capitan T. Tengan Uds. d bien el operar la venta de 
dichas mercancias con arreglo a mis mejores intereses, guardando entre manos el producto neto a 
mi disposicion. La calidad es excelente, y espero que el resultado de este ensayo no serd sino el 
comenzamiento d consignaciones de mas importancia. Para meterme al abrigo de toda perdida he 
hecho asegurar el montante de dichas mercancias. Suplico a Uds. tengan la bondad de informarme, 
por cada correo, del estado de su mercado en ron, azricar, cafe y algodon, y enviarme los precios 
corrientes de sus exportaciones para esta parte del mundo. Me aprovecho de esta ocasion para 
ofrecerles a Uds. mis servicios en esta isla, refiriendoles para mi solvabilidad al capitan Ribero que 
debe Uegar a Londres uno de estos dias. 

Esperando de Uds. prontas noticias me repito de Uds. atto. y S. S. 

J. S. 

Kingston, Jamaique, le ^ Juillet, igii. 
Messieurs V. et fils a Anvers. 

Notre ami commun, M. J. Roberts, capitaine du "Trelawney", m'ayant mentionne votre 
maison a Anvers comme une de plus respectables, je saisis cette occasion pour entamer une cor- 
respondence avec vous, en prenant la liberte de vous adresser ci-inclus le connaissement de douze 
tonneaux de sucre, charges pour Londres a votre adresse, sur le navire " William et Mary", capi- 
aine John Gray. Veuillez op6rer la vente de cette marchandise au mieux de mes interets, en gar- 
dant en vos mains le produit net a ma disposition. La qualit6 est excellente, et j'espere que le 
resultat de ce petit essai sera un encouragement a des consignations plus considerables. Pour me 
garder de toute perte j'ai fait assurer le montant ici: ceci pour votre gouverne. Je vous prie de me 
renseigner par chaque paquebot sur I'etat de votre marche pour le rhum, le sucre, le cafe, et le 
coton, ainsi que de m'envoyer les prix-courants de vos exportations pour cette partie du monde. 
Je saisis cette occasion pour vous faire I'offre de mes services dans cette ile, m'en ref6rant pour 
ma solidite d M. le capitaine Roberts, qui doit etre arrive maintenant a Anvers. Dans I'attente de 
vos prochaines nouvelles, je vous prie. Messieurs, de mecroire. 

Votre tout d6vou6, W. E. G. 

, , , , Pernambuco, /. fuui roil. 

Herrn J. J., Londoji. -' ^ 

Wir erlauben uns, Ihnen hierdurch anzuzeigen, dass wir unter der Firma S. & R. und mit dem 
Beistande unsrer Freunde, (der) Herren D. C. & Co. in London, ein Agenturgeschaft auf hiesigem 
Platze begriindet haben. Da unser Herr S. wiihrend der letzten elf Jahre in verschiedenen 
Gegenden Siidamerikas gewohnt, und unser Herr R. den grossten Teil seines Lebens in Oporto, 
Lissabon und andern Stadten Portugals zugebracht hat, so hegen wir die Uberzeugung, das 
P>fahrung und Platzkenntnis uns in den Stand setzen, in alien Fallen, in denen Sie unsrer Dienste 
bediirfen sollten, Ihnen vollige Zufriedenheit zu gewahren. Wir werden Vorkehrungen treffen, 
uns liber den Stand der Markte zu Bahia und Rio de Janeiro regelmassig unterrichtet zu halten, zu 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN 'TIIF. CONSULAR SERVICE. 1 49 

liern Zwecke, jeden Vorteil, den dieselben bieteii mogen, vvahrzuiiehnien, uni Ladungen in Schiffen, 
die Auftrag erhalten hatten, hier fiir Order anzulaufen, weiter zu dirigieren. Es vvird in solchen 
Fallen unsre bestandige Sorge sein, das Interesse unsrer Freunde nach besten kriiften zu fordern. 
Wir erlauben uns, Referenzen beizufiigen und Sie, wenn Sie uns mit Ihren Auftrilgen beehren, 
unsres Eifers und unsrer Aufmerksamkeit zu versichern. Indem wir Sie ersuchen, von unsrer 
Unterschrift Notiz zu nehmen, zeichnen wir ergebenst, 

S. & R. 

Make an idiomatic translation of the following into the language chosen by you above: 

AT A HI T-, T. , Chicago, Dec. ly, ion. 

Mr. A. M., J'/oreiice. Italy. ' /' v 

Sir: We are in receipt of your favor of the 14th inst., and regret very much our inability to 
reduce the prices that we quoted. We should be sorry if the price list furnished interfered in any 
way with our entering into business relations with your firm, with which we have long desired to 
cooperate. Your offers, however, are so much below prices current that we prefer to lose an order 
rather than to cut our profits below a paying basis. For two months past textiles have been look- 
ing up, and, in line with other manufacturers, we should rather raise than lower quotations. In 
fact, we have decided to revise our price list on January r, and prices will be, on an average, 5 per 
cent higher. We would advise you, therefore, to avail yourself of present favorable conditions by 
sending us an order at the prices quoted you, and we trust that you may see your way clear to do 
this. Awaiting your reply, we are. 

Your obedient servants, B. & C. 

OPTIONAL. 

[N. B. — After completing the foregoing prescribed test a candidate may, if lie so desires, make the following trans- 
lations. An added credit will be given for the additional work performed. The language selected in the preceding test 
should also be selected in this test.] 

Make a close translation of one (and only one) of the following into idiomatic English: 

El mundo de las illusiones, que es, como si dijeramos, un segundo mundo, se viene abajo con 
estrepito. El misticismo en religion, la rutina en la ciencia, el amaneramiento en las artes, caen 
como cayeron los dioses paganos: entre burlas. Adios suefios torpes; el genero humanodespierta, 
y sus ojos ven la claridad. El sentimentalismo vano, el misticismo, la fiebre, la alucinacion 
el delirio, desaparecen, y el que antes era enfermo, hoy esta sano, y se goza con placer indecible 
en la justa apreciacion de las cosas. La fantasia, la terrible loca, que era el ama de la casa, pasa 
4 ser criada...Dirija usted la vista d todos lados, sefior Penitenciario, y vera el admirable conjunto 
de realidad que ha sustituido a la fibula. El cielo no es una b6veda, las estrellas no son farolillos, 
la luna no es una cazadora traviesa, sino un pedrusco opaco; el sol no es un cochero emperejilado 
y vagabundo, sino un incendio fijo. Las sirtes no son ninfas, sino dos escollos; las sirenas son 
focas; y en el orden de las personas, Mercuric es Manzanedo; Marte es un viejo barbilampino, el 
conde de Molke; Nestor puede ser un sefior de gaban que se llama monsieur Thiers; Orfeo es Verdi; 
Vulcano es Krupp; Apollo es cualquier poeta. iQuiere usted mis? Pues Jupiter, un Dios digno 
de ir A presidio si viviera aun, no descarga el rayo, sino que el rayo cae cuando a la electricidad le 
de la gana. No hay Parnaso, no hay Olimpo, no hay laguna Estigia, ni otros Campos Eliseos que 
los de Paris. No hay ya mis bajada al Infierno que las de la geologia, y este viajero, siempre que 
vuelve, dice que no hay condenados en el centro de la tierra. No hay mas subidas al cielo que las 
de la astronomia, y esta, a su regreso, asegura no haber visto los seis 6 siete pisos de que hablan 
el Dante y los misticos y sonadores de la Edad Media. 

Mais c'est un examen de conscience que vous me demandez, cher ami. Et cependant, je n'h6site 
pas une seconde a vous r6pondre. 

Oui, je suis fiere, heureuse, et cela a plein coeur, de la fagon dont je vais etre fetee. Vous me 
demandez, ami, si je crois en toute conscience que je merite cet honneur. Si je dis oui, vous me 
croirez bien orgueilleuse; si je dis non, vous me jugerez bien coupable. 

II me plait davantage vous dire les " pourquoi" de ce "parce que". Voila vingt-neuf ans que 
je livre au public les vibrations de mon ame, les battements de mon coeur, les larmes de mes yeux. 
J'ai interpretfe cent douze roles, j'ai cre6 trente-huit personnifications, dont seize sont oeuvres de 
poetes. J'ai lutte comme pas un etre humain n'a lutt6. De nature independante, execrant le 



150 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

mensonge, je me suis cr66des ennemis acharnes. Ceux que j'ai daign6 combattre, je les ai vaincus 
at pardonn6s. lis sont devenus mes amis. La boue que me jetaient les autres tombait en pous- 
sifere s6ch6e par le soleil brulant de ma foi et de ma volont6. 

J'ai voulu, j'ai voulu ardemment arriver au summum de I'art; je n'y suis pas encore; il me 
reste bien moins ^ vivre que je n'ai v6cu; mais qu'importe! Chaque pas me rapproche de mon 
reve! Les heures qui ont pris leur vol emportant ma jeunesse m'ont laisse ma vaillance et ma 
gaiete; car mon but est le meme et c'est vers lui que je vais. 

J'ai traverse les Oceans emportant mon reve d'art en moi, et le genie de ma nation a triomphe! 
J'ai plante le verbe fran^ais au coeur de la litterature etrangere, et c'est ce dont je suis le plusfiere. 
Grace a la propagande de mon art, la langue fran§aise est aujourd'hui langue courante de la jeune 
g6n6ration. 

Sarah Bernhardt. 

Mein Vater war ein streng rechtlicher Ehrenmann. Aus bitterer Armuth hatte er sich durch 
eigene Anstrengung zum Wohlstande erhoben. Rastlos thatig, dachte er nur darauf, seine Hand- 
lung zu behaupten, zu ervveitern, vielen hundert Fabrikanten Erwerb zu verschaffen, und uns, 
seinen Kindern, ein unabhangiges Leben zu sichern. Er arbeitete taglich zehn, oft vvohl auch elf 
Stunden, nur seine Baue zogen ihn bisweilen auf einzelne Stunden ab, sonst nichts in der Welt. 
Er war zum Kaufmann geboren, aber in einem bessern Sinn; kleinliche Nebenvortheile ver- 
schmahte er, und ich glaube, es ware ihm unmiiglich gewesen Detailhandler zu sein. Nie benutzte 
er die haufige Gelegenheit, durch Concursvermittlung reicher zu werden; er wandelte stets auf 
gerader Bahn, und konnte ziirnen, wenn seine Diener auf den Messen in seiner Abwesenheit die 
Kiiufer iibertheuerten. — Einfach, wie die Grundsatze seines Lebens, war sein Aeusseres. Die 
Mobilien blieben fast unverandert: das ererbte Silberzeug behielt seine Form: nur auf feines Tuch 
hielt er und auf guten Rheinwein. Frugal war sein Tisch: die hohen Festtage abgerechnet, stets 
nur ein Gericht; Abends oft nur Kartoffeln oder Rettig. Wein nur Sonntags, ausser im Sommer 
Abends auf dem Garten. Tractamente etwa jahrlich eins, dann liess sich aber Vater Haupt nicht 
schimpfen. Champagner konnte er nicht leiden, dieser kam sehr selten. Dagegen alter Rheinwein, 
Ungar und Bischof von Burgunder. Sonntagliche Spaziergange ins Feld, dann und wann eine 
Spazierfahrt unterbrachen die sich immer gleiche Lebensweise. Uebrigens war er gastfrei; sehr 
oft kamen auswartige Handelsfreunde, und die Lieblingsfactors nahm er von der Schreibstube 
nicht selten zum Mittagsmahl init. 

Make an idiomatic translation of the following into the language chosen by you above: 

The action of the scientific bodies which recently met in Washington looking to the appoint- 
ment of an international commission to investigate the high cost of living throughout the world is 
worthy of commendation. 

It is not likely, however, that any such commission will discover a definite remedy for the 
high prices that are prevailing throughout the world. Were the conditions due to any one cause, 
a remedy might be suggested. So many causes have influenced the high prices that the commis- 
sion might have to be given powers over life and death and human character to bring about any 
appreciable change. 

The world and its people have been moving forward. The desire for luxuries and good service 
has increased. The world has been specializing, and more money is in circulation. The man 
who was satisfied with $12 a week ten years ago, and who could lay aside a few dollars for a rainy 
day, now receives $25 and is unable to lay aside a penny. It is not so much that the purchasing 
power of money has decreased as it is that the desires of man have increased. 

SUBJECT— NATURAL, INDUSTRIAL, AND COMMERCIAL RESOURCES AND COMMERCE OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer the first and 
two (and only two) of the remaining questions: 

I. Discuss, in not less than 300 nor more than 500 words, one (and only one) of the following 
industries of the United States: — Petroleum; bituminous coal; leather goods, including boots and 
shoes — with reference, particularly, to volume, exportation, and centers of production and of 
exportation. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 15I 

2. Name four States leading in value of manufactures and give two of their principal articles 
of manufacture. 

3. Name the principal articles of commerce between the United States and Chile; Russia; 
South Africa; Cuba; Japan. Distinguish exports from imports. 

4. What three products of the Pacific coast, in your opinion, will be benefited by the opening 
of the Panama Canal, and why? 

SUBJECT— POLITICAL ECONOMY. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer four (and only 
four) of the following questions: 

1. State the three main factors of production and briefly discuss their relation to each other. 

2. piscuss international trade in regard to (a) its origin and (i) its influence upon international 
policies. 

3. (a) State three economic benefits of large-scale production. 
{d) What factor ultimately fixes monopoly prices? 

4. (a) Give four reasons why the precious metals best serve as a medium of exchange. 
(6) In what sense may fiat money be considered a creation of wealth? 

5. Write not less than 200 words on either of the following subjects: 

(a) The economic value of universal international arbitration. 
(d) The economic advantages of labor unions to the laborer. 

SUBJECT— AMERICAN HISTORY, GOVERNMENT, AND INSTITUTIONS. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer four (and only 
four) of the following questions; 

1. (a) Describe Wolfe's campaign against Quebec and state the results. 
(1^) What was the Ordinance of 1787? To what territory did it apply? 

2. (a) Describe the events which led up to the War of 1812? 

(d) Explain the following historical terms: (i) Monroe Doctrine, (2) Dorr's Rebellion, (3) the 
Omnibus Bill, (4) Mugwumps. 

3. Write a brief account (of not more than 300 words) of the territorial growth of the United 
States since the adoption of the Constitution. 

4. (a) Describe one method of amending the Constitution of the United States. 

(3) In what cases shall the Supreme Court of the United States have original jurisdiction? 

5. (a) Mention two important functions usually exercised by the governor of a State? 

(d) Mention three powers that are expressly denied to the several States by the Federal 
Constitution. 

SUBJECT— MODERN HISTORY (SINCE 1850) OF EUROPE, SOUTH AMERICA, AND THE FAR EAST. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer three (and 
only three) of the following questions: 

r. (a) Compare the first decade of Napoleon Ill's reign with the second. 

(d) What war was terminated by the Treaty of Prague? Mention two important provisions 
of this treaty. 

2. (a) Discuss the Boxer War as to its causes and results. 

(d) What effect has the English occupation of Egypt had upon that country? 

3. (a) In what war did each of the following battles or sieges occur and which nation or nations 

were victorious : (i) Balaklava, (2) Sedan, (3) Sea of Japan. 
{i>) What two Provinces were recently annexed by Austria-Hungary? 

4. {a) Explain the following historical terms: (i) Boers, (2) Young Turks, (3) Home Rule, 

(4) Taiping Rebellion. 
(d) Give a brief account of the attempt of Maximilian to establish a monarchy in Mexico. 



152 APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. 

AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE REORGANIZATION OF THE CONSULAR SERVICE 
OF THE UNITED STATES, APPROVED APRIL 5, 1906, AS AMENDED BY THE ACT 
APPROVED MAY 11. 1908. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Stales of Avierica in Congress 
assembled. That the consular system of the United States be reorganized in the manner hereinafter 
provided in this Act. 

Sec. 2. That the consuls-general and the consuls of the United States shall hereafter be classi- 
fied and graded as hereinafter specified, with the salaries of each class herein affixed thereto.* 

CONSULS-GENERAL. 

Class one, twelve thousand dollars. — London, Paris. 

Class two, eight thousand dollars. — Berlin, Habana, Hongkong, Hamburg, Rio de Janeiro, 
Shanghai. 

Class three, six thousand dollars. — Calcutta, Cape Town, Constantinople, Mexico City, Mon- 
treal, Ottawa, Vienna, Yokohama. 

Class four, five thousand five hundred dollars. — Antwerp, Barcelona, Brussels, Canton, 
Frankfort, Marseilles, Moscow, Panama, Rotterdam, Seoul, Sydney (Australia), Tientsin. 

Class five, four thousand five hundred dollars. — Auckland, Beirut, Boma, Buenos Ayres, Cal- 
lao, Coburg, Dresden, Genoa, Guayaquil, Halifax, Hankau, Mukden, Munich, Singapore, Van- 
couver, Winnipeg, Zurich. 

Class six, three thousand five hundred dollars. — Adis Ababa, Bogota, Budapest, Guatemala, 
Lisbon, Monterey, San Salvador,! Smyrna, Stockholm, Tangier. 

Class seven, three thousand dollars. — Athens, Christiania, Copenhagen. 



Class one, eight thousand dollars. — Liverpool. 

Class two, six thousand dollars. — Manchester. 

Class three, five thousand dollars. — Amsterdam, Bremen, Dawson, Belfast, Havre, Johannes- 
burg, Kobe, Lourengo Marquez, Lyon, 

Class four, four thousand five hundred dollars. — Amoy, Birmingham, Chefoo, Cienfuegos, 
Fuchau, Glasgow, Kingston (Jamaica), Newchwang, Nottingham, Saint Gall, Santiago, Southamp- 
ton, Veracruz, Valparaiso. 

Class five, four thousand dollars. — Bahia, Bombay, Bordeaux, Colon, Dublin, Dundee, Har- 
bin, Leipzig, Milan, Nanking, Naples, Nuremberg, Para, Pernambuco, Plauen, Reichenberg, Santos, 
Stuttgart, Toronto, Tsingtau, Victoria, Warsaw. 

Class six, three thousand five hundred dollars. — Alexandria, Apia, Barmen, Barranquilla, 
Basel, Berne, Bluefields, Bradford, Chemnitz, Chungking, Cologne, Dalny, Durban, Edinburgh, 
Fiume, Geneva, Georgetown, Guadelajara, Mannheim, Montevideo, Nagasaki, Odessa, Palermo, 
Port Elizabeth, Prague, Quebec, Rangoon, Rheims, Rimouski, Rome, Saint Petersburg, Saloniki, 
Sherbrooke, Vladivostok. 

Class seven, three thousand dollars. — Aix la Chapelle, Aleppo, Barbados, Batavia, Belgrade, 
Burslem, Calais, Calgary, Carlsbad, Catania, :{: Colombo, Corinto, Dunfermline, Florence, Frontera, 
Ghent, Hamilton (Ontario), Hanover, Harput, Huddersfield, Iquitos, Iquique, Jerusalem, Karachi, 
Kehl, LaGuaira, Leghorn, Liege, Madras, Malaga, Managua, Melbourne, Nantes, Nassau, Newcastle 
(New South Wales), Newcastle (England), Port Antonio, Punta Arenas, Port au Prince, Riga, Sanda- 
kan, Progreso, Seville, Saint John (New Brunswick), Saint Michaels, Saint Thomas (West Indies), 
San Jose, Sheffield, Swansea, Sydney (Nova Scotia), Tabriz, Tampico, Tamsui, Trieste, Trinidad. 

Class eight, two thousand five hundred dollars. — Acapuico, Aden, Algiers, Antung, Batum, 
Belize, Bergen, Breslau, Brunswick, Cardiff, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juarez, Ciudad Porfirio Diaz, 

♦.Classification of Consuls-General and Consuls as amended by "An Act to amend an Act entitled 'An Act to pro- 
vide for the reorganization of the consular service of the United States,' approved April fifth, nineteen hundred and 
six," approved May 11, 190S. 

tBy the Act making appropriations for the Diplomatic and Consular Service approved May 21, 1908, the provision 
for Consul-General at San Salvador was repealed and the combined office of Secretary of Legation and Consul-General 
at -San Salvador created. 

X By the Act approved February 3, igog, the Consulate at Messina was transferred to Catania. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS IN THE CONSULAR SERVICE. I 53 

Cognac, Cork, Cura9ao, Erfurt, Gibraltar, Gothenburg, Hamilton (Bermuda), Hull, Jerez de la 
Frontera, Kingston (Ontario), Leeds, Limoges, Madrid, Magdeburg, Malta, Maracaibo, Martinique, 
Matamoros, Mazatlan, Mersine, Nice, Nogales, Nuevo Leredo, Orillia, Owen Sound, Plymouth, 
PortLimon, Prescott, Puerto Cortez, Rosario, Roubaix, Saint Johns (Newfoundland), Saint Etienne, 
San Luis Potosi, Sarnia, Sault Sainte Marie, Stettin, Swatow, Tamatave, Tegucigalpa, Teneriffe, 
Trebizond, Tripoli, Valencia, Windsor (Ontario), Yarmouth, Zanzibar. 

Class nine, two thousand dollars. — Aguascalientes, Asuncion, Bagdad, Bristol, Campbellton, 
Cape Cracias, Cape Haitien, Cartagena, Ceiba, Charlottetown, Cornwall, Durango, Ensenada, 
Fernie, Fort Erie, Goree-Dakar, Grenoble, Guadeloupe, Hermosillo, Hobart, La Paz, Manzanillo, 
Maskat, Moncton, Niagara Falls, Patras, Port Louis, Puerto Cabello, Puerto Plata, Rouen, Saigon, 
Saint Johns (Quebec), Saint Pierre, Saint Stephen, Salina Cruz, Saltillo, Sierra Leone, Sivas, 
Stavanger, Suva, Tahita, Tapachula, Turin, Turks Island, Venice. 

Sec. 3. That the offices of vice-consuls-general, deputy consuls-general, vice-consuls, and 
deputy consuls shall be filled by appointment, as heretofore, except that whenever, in his judg- 
ment, the good of the service requires it, consuls may be designated by the President without 
thereby changing their classification to act for a period not to exceed one year as vice-consuls- 
general, deputy consuls-general, vice-consuls, and deputy consuls; and when so acting they shall 
not be deemed to have vacated their offices as consuls. Consular agents may be appointed, when 
necessary, as heretofore. The grade of commercial agent is abolished. 

Sec. 4. That there shall be five inspectors of consulates, to be designated and commissioned as 
consuls-general at large, who shall receive an annual salary of five thousand dollars each, and 
shall be paid their actual and necessary traveling and subsistence expenses while traveling and 
inspecting under instructions from the Secretary of State. They shall be appointed by the Presi- 
dent, with the advice and consent of the Senate, from the members of the consular force possessing 
the requisite qualifications of experience and ability. They shall make such inspections of con- 
sular offices as the Secretary of State shall direct, and shall report to him. Each consular office 
shall be inspected at least once in every two years. Whenever the President has reason to believe 
that the business of a consulate or a consulate-general is not being properly conducted and that it 
is necessary for the public interest, he may authorize any consul-general at large to suspend the 
consul or consul-general, and administer the office in his stead for a period not exceeding ninety 
days. In such case the consul-general at large so authorized shall have power to suspend any vice 
or deputy consular officer or clerk in said office during the period aforesaid. The provisions of law 
relating to the official bonds of consuls-general, and the provisions of sections seventeen hundred 
and thirty-four, seventeen hundred and thirty-five, and seventeen hundred and thirty-six. Revised 
Statutes of the United States, shall apply to consuls-general at large. 

Sec. 5. No person who is not an American citizen shall be appointed hereafter in any consulate- 
general or consulate to any clerical position the salary of which is one thousand dollars a year or 
more. 

Sec. 6. Sections sixteen hundred and ninety-nine and seventeen hundred of the Revised Statutes 
of the United States are hereby amended to read as follows: 

"Sec. 1699. No consul-general, consul, or consular agent receiving a salary of more than one 
thousand dollars a year shall, while he holds his office, be interested in or transact any business as 
a merchant, factor, broker, or other trader, or as a clerk or other agent for any such person to, 
from, or within the port, place, or limits of his jurisdiction, directly or indirectly, either in his own 
name, or in the name or through the agency of any other person; nor shall he practice as a lawyer 
for compensation or be interested in the fees or compensation of any lawyer; and he shall in his 
official bond stipulate as a condition thereof not to violate this prohibition. 

"Sec. 1700. All consular officers whose respective salaries exceed one thousand dollars a year 
shall be subject to the prohibition against transacting business, practicing as a lawyer, or being 
interested in the fees or compensation of any lawyer contained in the preceding section. And the 
President may extend the prohibition to any consul-general, consul, or consular agent whose salary 
does not exceed one thousand dollars a year or who may be compensated by fees, and to any vice 
or deputy consular officer or consular agent, and may require such officer to give a bond not to 
violate the prohibition." 

Sec. 7. That every consular officer of the United States is hereby required, whenever applica- 
tion is made to him therefor, within the limits of his consulate, to administer to or take from any 
person any oath, affirmation, affidavit, or deposition, and to perform any other notarial act which 
any notary public is required or authorized by law to do within the United States; and for every 



154 INTERPRETERS AND STUDENT INTERPRETERS. 

such notarial act performed he shall charge in each instance the appropriate fee prescribed by the 
President under section seventeen hundred and forty-five, Revised Statutes. 

Sec. 8. That all fees, official or unofficial, received by any officer in the consular service for 
services rendered in connection with the duties of his office or as a consular officer, including fees 
for notarial services, and fees for taking depositions, executing commissions or letters rogatory, 
settling estates, receiving or paying out moneys, caring for or disposing of property, shall be 
accounted for and paid into the Treasury of the United States, and the sole and only compensa- 
tion of such officers shall be by salaries fixed by law; but this shall not apply to consular agents, 
who shall be paid by one half of the fees received in their offices, up to a maximum sum of one 
thousand dollars in any one year, the other half being accounted for and paid into the Treasury of 
the United States. And vice-consuls-generals, deputy consuls-general, vice-consuls, and deputy 
consuls, in addition to such compensation as they may be entitled to receive as consuls or clerks, 
may receive such portion of the salaries of the consul-general or consuls for whom they act as 
shall be provided by regulation. 

Sec. 9. That fees for the consular certification of invoices shall be, and they hereby are, included 
with the fees for official services for which the President is authorized by section seventeen hundred 
and forty-five of the Revised Statutes to prescribe rates or tariffs; and sections twenty-eight hundred 
and fifty-one and seventeen hundred and twenty-one of the Revised Statutes are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 10. That every consular officer shall be provided and kept supplied with adhesive official 
stamps, on which shall be printed the equivalent money value of denominations and to amounts 
to be determined by the Department of State, and shall account quarterly to the Department of 
State for the use of such stamps and for such of them as shall remain in his hands. 

Whenever a consular officer is required or finds it necessary to perform any consular or notarial 
act he shall prepare and deliver to the party or parties at whose instance such act is performed a 
suitable and appropriate document as prescribed in the consular regulations and affix thereto and 
duly cancel an adhesive stamp or stamps of the denomination or denominations equivalent to the 
fee prescribed for such consular or notarial act, and no such act shall be legally valid within the 
jurisdiction of the Government of the United States unless such stamp or stamps is or are affixed 
and canceled. 

Sec. ir. That this Act shall take effect on the thirtieth day of June, nineteen hundred and six. 

Sec. 12. That all Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed. 

Approved, April 5, igo6. 

XXI ri:gui.ations governiivg interpreters aivd student interpre- 
ters IN CHINA, JAPAN, AND TURKEY. 

1. Vacancies in the grade of student interpreter in China, Japan and Turkey shall be filled by 
the appointment of persons who have successfully passed the examination for student interpreter 
prescribed by the Executive Order of June 27, 1906.* 

2. After appointment, student interpreters will report for duty to the head of the mission to 
which they are to be attached in China, Japan or Turkey, as the case may be, upon receiving 
instructions to do so from the Secretary of State. 

3. After entering upon their duties at the mission, students will be expected to devote their 
time, under the supervision of the head of the mission and under the immediate direction of the 
language secretary thereof, to the study of the language of the country. Their retention in the 
service will depend upon their progress in mastering the language and upon their industry and 
good conduct. In order to determine their progress they will be examined quarterly by the 
language officer, a report of which examinations will be made annually to the chief of mission 
and be transmitted by him to the Secretary of State with his own report upon the general 
efficiency, adaptability, loyalty, good moral conduct and standing of each student. The substance 
of these reports will be entered upon the record of each student at the Department of State. 

4. In forwarding his first annual report upon each student at the end of one year after the 
student's arrival at the diplomatic mission, the chief of the mission will report to the Secretary of 
State whether in his opinion and that of the language officer of the mission the student has shown 
by progress in his studies and by his conduct and bearing that he possesses the qualifications 

* See p. 140 supra: see also Executive order of December 23, igio, p. 142. 



INTERPRETERS AND STUDENT INTERPRETERS. 1 55 

indispensable for successful work as an interpreter. If his opinion should be unfavorable to the 
student, he will recommend, either that the student be assigned to sdme subordinate position, 
which, in his opinion, the student may be capable of filling, or that he be dropped from the service, 
and his report should be accompanied by the examination papers. 

5. Except as otherwise provided herein, students shall remain attached to missions for at least 
two years. Upon the completion of two years' study of the language of the country, they will be 
examined for the purpose of determining their eligibility for promotion to the grade of Interpreter 
by a board composed of the language officer and two qualified Americans designated by the chief 
of the mission. The examination shall be both oral and written and shall test the student's 
knowledge of moderately difficult written and spoken language of the country, together with the 
history, geography, commerce and institutions of the country and an elementary knowledge of 
such of the laws of the country as may pertain to the duties which they may ultimately be called 
upon to perform, either as interpreters or consular officers. Students in Turkey will also be 
examined in the French language. In order to pass the examination students must receive a 
rating of 80 on a scale of 100. A report of the result of the examination, accompanied by the 
papers in the written examination and a detailed report of the special qualifications, industry, 
moral conduct and dependableness of each student will be made by the head of the mission to 
the Secretary of State for his consideration in determining the student's eligibility for promotion 
and for entry upon the efficiency records of the students. Inasmuch as in the interests of uni- 
formity in the three branches of the Student corps, it is necessary that the Department review the 
examinations of the Students, no information as to the grades given by the Board of examiners 
or the recommendations by the head of the mission should be given the candidates except upon 
specific authorization from the Department. 

6. Students who successfully pass the foregoing examination, and whose efficiency records are 
in other respects satisfactory, may be given the rank of Interpreter, at a salary of |i,5oo per 
annum ; provided that there shall be not more than three Interpreters at this salary in Japan, seven 
in China, and five in Turkey. If at the completion of the first period of two years' study the 
student shall be unable to pass the prescribed examination, he shall be permitted, at the discretion 
of the chief of mission and language officer, to continue his studies at the mission for not more 
than one year longer. 

7. Two years after passing the foregoing examination, a second will be given, more difficult 
than the first but similar in scope, except that it shall include international and commercial law 
and an intimate knowledge of Consular Regulations and practice. Interpreters or students pass- 
ing the second examination with a rating of at least 80 may be promoted to be Interpreters with a 
salary of |i,650 per annum; provided, that there shall be not more than two such Interpreters in 
Japan, four in China and four in Turkey. Candidates who fail to pass this examination may be 
given an opportunity to appear for re-examination one year later. It is intended that success in 
this second examination shall indicate the student as qualified for the post of Assistant Japanese, 
Chinese, or Turkish Secretary at the diplomatic mission in Japan, China, or Turkey, as the case 
may be, or, if in China, of Assistant Assessor on the Mixed Court at Shanghai. 

8. Two years after the passage of the second examination, there will be given the final exami- 
nation, which will be more difficult but of similar scope, with the additional requirement of a fair 
knowledge of common, criminal, and admiralty law and practice. On passing this examination, 
promotion may be made to be Interpreter, with a salary of |i,8oo per annum; provided, that in the 
service there shall be not more than two such Interpreters in Japan, three in China and two in 
Turkey. Such rank shall indicate the Interpreter as qualified for the grade of consul or for the 
post of Japanese, Chinese, or Turkish Secretary at the diplomatic mission, or, if in China, the 
Interpreters shall be eligible for promotion to the office of Assessor on the Mixed Court at Shanghai. 

g. All examinations will take place at the diplomatic mission in the country of which the 
students or interpreters are studying the language. In the event, however, that the exigencies of 
the service shall not permit the students or the interpreters to return to Tokyo, Peking, or Constan- 
tinople for the purpose of taking the required examinations, the Ambassador or Minister, as the 
case may be, after the preparation of the papers by the language officer, shall mail them in per- 
sonal and sealed envelopes to the consul in whose office the interpreter is serving, and said con- 
sular officer shall conduct the written examination in the same manner as if it were being held in 
Tokyo, Peking or Constantinople. 



156 INTERPRETERS AND STUDENT INTERPRETERS. 

10. Special examinations prior 10 the termination of the specified periods may be arranged for 
such students or interpreters as may submit with their applications evidence of such familiarity 
with the subjects prescribed as to justify the holding of a special examination. 

ri. The chiefs of mission concerned will exercise a supervisory control over the movements 
of the student interpreters and interpreters and make such transfers, subject to the approval of the 
Secretary of State, as may be deemed advisable in order that the officers may receive the broaden- 
ing influence resulting from a knowledge of conditions at the various posts. Students attached to 
a mission may be required, at the discretion of the chief of mission, to perform some minor part 
of the official work of the mission, to the end that they may gain useful knowledge of the mode of 
transacting the routine business of the foreign service. It should be understood, however, that 
the students' first duty is to acquire the language and no other duties should be permitted to inter- 
fere with that object. 

12. Notwithstanding the requirement that students shall pursue their studies at the mission 
for at least two years after their appointment, the Secretary of State may at any time detach a 
student and assign him to other duty to meet an exigency of the service; but such special assign- 
ment shall not relieve the student from the obligation to continue his study of the language and to 
submit himself for examination in the language as elsewhere provided, unless expressly stated in 
the order assigning him to special duty. 

13. It is desired that student interpreters and interpreters shall not marry until they have been 
in the service for a period of at least four years. 

14. As soon as student interpreters shall have been promoted to the rank of Interpreter, they 
may be granted leave of absence for a period not to exceed sixty days (exclusive of transit time, 
when permission to visit the United States is expressly granted). The application for such leave 
of absence shall be made to the Secretary of State and must receive the approval of the officer 
under whom the Interpreter may be serving at the time. Subsequently to the first leave of absence, 
those provisions of the Consular Regulations which govern the granting of leaves of absence shall 
apply to the interpreter corps. 

P. C. KNOX. 
Department of State, 

February 28, igij. 



INFORMATION FOR APPLICANTS DESIRING APPOINTMENT TO THE STUDENT- 
INTERPRETER CORPS. 

The appointment of ten student interpreters to be attached to the legation to China, six to be 
attached to the embassy to Japan, and ten to be attached to the embassy to Turkey is provided for 
by law. 

Student interpreters are appointed to study the language of the country to which they are 
assigned for duty, that they may be qualified for appointment as interpreters to the diplomatic 
mission or consular offices in that country. 

The salary of student interpreters is fixed by law at |i,ooo per annum. They are entitled to 
additional compensation of 5 cents a mile when traveling under orders of the Secretary of State, 
and in going to and returning from their posts, except in connection with leaves of absence. For 
each student's tuition there is an annual allowance of j|i8o in China and $125 in Japan and Turkey, 
while quarters for them are also provided at both Tokyo and Peking. 

Blank forms of application will be furnished by the Department of State upon request. 

Only citizens of the United States are appointed as student interpreters. 

The legal residence of a minor is regarded as that of his parent or guardian for the purposes 
of appointment as student interpreter. 

To aid the Board of Examiners in determining the physical condition of candidates, all candi- 
dates who have been designated to take the entrance examination are, at the time of the mental 
examination, given a rigid physical examination by a surgeon designated for that purpose. 

All foreign-service examinations are held in Washington. 

Examinations are not held at regularly stated periods, but only at such times as it is deemed 
expedient t'o replenish the list of those eligible for appointment as student interpreter. The dates 
of the holding of examinations are publicly announced through the press. 



INTERPRETERS AND STUDENT INTERPRETERS. I 5/ 

Although designations for examination are made by the President, applications for appoint- 
ment should be addressed to the Secretary of State. 

An application is considered as pending for a period of two years. After that period has 
elapsed without its being acted upon, another application with indorsements will be necessary to 
obtain further consideration. 

Applicants for appointment, in their correspondence with the Department, should always sign 
their names as given in their applications, without enlargement or contraction. 

A candidate is not designated for examination with a view to his appointment to a particular 
post, but in order to determine his eligibility for appointment to such a post as in the judgment of 
the Department his services would best serve the public interests. 

No special training is accepted in lieu of the prescribed examination, and no transfers are 
made to the student-intetpreter corps from other branches of the Government service without 
examination. The successful passing of the regular entrance examination is necessary for 
appointment. 

The Department is not able definitely to forecast when vacancies in the service may occur. 



SAMPLE EXAMINATION FOR THE STUDENT-INTERPRETER CORPS. 

The following questions are furnished as suggestive of the character of those comprised in the 
examination, for the taking of which two days of six hours each are allowed (see also p. 130): 

SUBJECT -MODERN LANGUAGES. 
- Make a close translation of one (and only one) of the following into idiomatic English: 

{a) Le bonhomrne fut enfin, a I'age de quatre-vingt-deux ans, pris par une paralysie qui fii 
de rapides progres. Son avarice le soutenait instinctivement, aussi la mort de cet homme ne 
contrasta-t-elle pas avec sa vie. Des le matin il se faisait rouler entre la chemin^e de sa chambre 
et la porte de son cabinet, sans doute plein d'or. II restait la sans mouvement, mais il regardait 
tour a tour avec anxiete ceux qui venaient le voir et la porte doublee de fer. II se faisait rendre 
compte des moindres bruits qu'il entendait; et, au grand etonnement du notaire, il entendait le 
baillement de son chien dans la cour. II se r^veillait de sa stupeur apparente au jour et a I'heure 
ou il fallait recevoir des fermages, faire des comptes avec des closiers, ou donner des quittances. 
II s'agitait alors dans son fauteuil a roulettes, jusqu'a ce qu'il se trouvat en face de la porte de son 
cabinet. Enfin arriverent les jours d'agonie, pendant lesquels la forte charpente du bonhomme 
fut aux prises avec la destruction. 

(/>) Vor vielen Jahren, als im Spessart die Wege noch schlecht und nicht so haufig als jetzi 
befahren waren, zogen zwei junge Bursche durch diesen Wald. Der eine mochte achtzehn Jahre 
alt sein und war ein Zirkelschmied, der andere, ein Goldarbeiter, konnte nach seinem Aussehen 
kaum sechzehn Jahre haben und machte wohl jetzt eben seine erste Reise in die Welt. Der Abend 
war schon heraufgekommen, und die Schatten der riesengrossen Fichten und Buchen verfinsterten 
den schmalen Weg, auf dem die beiden wanderten. Der Zirkelschmied schritt wacker vorwarts 
und pfiff ein Lied, schwatzte auch zuweilen mit Munter, seinem Hund, und schien sich nicht viel 
darum zu kiimmern, dass die Nacht nicht mehr fern, desto ferner aber die nachste Herberge sei. 
Aber Felix, der Goldarbeiter, sah sich oft iingstlich um. Wenn der Wind durch die Baume rauschte, 
so war es ihm, als hore er Tritte hinter sich.. Wenn das Gestrauch am Wege hin und her wankte 
und sich teilte, glaubte er Gesichte hinter den Biischen lauern zu sehen. 

(c) Hace muchos afios que en la isla de Sto. Domingo vivia una familia rica, poseedora de una 
finca con muchos esclavos y tierras, y vivia feliz porque era humana con sus negros, hospitalaria 
con los extrangeros y caritativa con los pobres. Tenian los duefios de aquella finca un hijo a 
quien amaban como a primogenito y unico, sucesor de su nombre y heredero algun dia de los cau- 
dales que habian allegado con el trabajo de sus negros. Contaba el nifio muy pocos afios cuando 
una desgracia visito por primera vez A aquella familia, privindola de la carifiosa madre. Esta, en 
sus (iltimos, mementos, recomendo muy especialmente el hijo que dejaba, a una negra yaanciana, 
que habia pertenecido a sus padres, asistido d su madre en sus filtimos catorce afios de completa 
ceguera, y a quien todos respetaban, porque jamas hubo sierva mas fiel a todos sus deberes. Tenia 
ella dos hijos; pero desde el momento que en el lecho de la moribunda, ofrecio atender al hijo de 
su ama mas que a los suyos propios, se consagr6 exclusivamente al cuidado del pobre huerfanito. 



158 



INTERPRETERS AND STUDENT INTERPRETERS. 



Make an idiomatic translation of the following into the language chosen by you above: 

Canada was invaded by the English army in June, 1759. The invaders had everything in 
their favor — numbers, resources, the good will among the colonies which were freely administering 
their own affairs, and the government of the mother country, which was sending soldiers and ves- 
sels to them in abundance. Our Canadians, forsaken by. the French Government, and supported 
solely by an excellent military chief, Montcalm, and by a handful of brave soldiers who had made 
up their minds to die with them, were devoured by the unworthy civil administrators, who, up to 
the last, enriched themselves on the public ruin. Their allies, the redskins, foreseeing the inevita- 
ble catastrophe, had almost all abandoned them. 

SUBJECT-NATURAL, INDUSTRIAL, AND COMMERCIAL RESOURCES AND COMMERCE OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 

Persons examined for Consular Assistant and Student Interpreter will answer the first and two 
(and only two) of the remaining questions: 

Question i. Discuss, in not less than 300 nor more than 500 words, one (and only one) of the 
following industries of the United States: — Petroleum; bituminous coal; leather goods, including 
boots and shoes — with reference, particularly, to volume, exportation, and centers of production 
and of exportation. 

Qttestion 2. Name four States leading in value of manufactures and give two of their principal 
articles of manufacture. 

Question ^. Name the principal articles of commerce between the United States and Chile; 
Russia; South Africa; Cuba; Japan. Distinguish exports from imports. 

Question 4. What three products of the Pacific coast, in your opinion, will be benefited by the 
opening of the Panama Canal, and why? 

SUBJECT— POLITICAL ECONOMY. 

Question i. Distinguish between monopoly and competition. What is meant by barter? 
Question 2. Give an economic definition of supply, demand, value, and price. 
Question J. Distinguish between a direct and an indirect tax, giving an example of each. 
Question 4. Discuss fully mechanical improvements in relation to their effect on production 
and on the wage-earner. 

Question ^. {a) Why does a nation engage in foreign trade? 
(l>) What is meant by "the balance of trade?" 

SUBJECT— INTERNATIONAL, MARITIME, AND COMMERCIAL LAW. 

Question i. (ci) Define international law. 

(U) Distinguish between public and private international law. 

Question 2. Distinguish between a state and a government. 

Question J. What is meant by extradition? What rights has the person extradited? 

Question 4. Discuss "contraband of war," and the determination of the contraband character 
of goods. 

Question J. What was the cause of the Spanish-American war, and upon what principle of 
international law was the action of the United States in declaring war based? 

Question 6. Distinguish between a de facto and a de jure government. 

Question 7. What were the causes which led to the Geneva Arbitration? How was the tribunal 
composed and what was the award? 

Question 8. What is a treaty? piracy? privateering? effective blockade? 

Question g. Name the essential elements of a contract. 

Question 10. Name the essential elements of negotiable paper. Name three kinds of negotiable 
paper, and give two kinds of indorsements for transfer. 

SUBJECT— AMERICAN HISTORY, GOVERNMENT, AND INSTITUTIONS. 

Question i. What effects did the discovery of America have on Europe in regard to geograph- 
ical knowledge, commercial enterprise, and colonization? 



INTERPRETERS AND STUDENT INTERPRETERS. 



159 



Question 2. (a) Briefly define the term Monroe Doctrine. 

{b) State two causes of our war with Great Britain (1812-1815). 

{c) How did the United States acquire Tutuila? 
Question ^. (a) State the constitutional qualifications for the Presidency of the United States? 

{i>) What is the name of the highest court of the United States? 

(c) Where do bills for Federal revenue originate? 
Question 4. (a) State three purposes, given in the preamble, for which the Constitution of the 
United States was framed? 

(b) To what class of persons do the immigration laws and regulations extend? 

{c) What is meant by the term impeachnient? 
Qtiestion ^. Name the executive department of the Federal Government which exercises super- 
vision over each of the following: 

{a) Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. 

(b) Bureau of Insular Affairs. 

(f) Forestry Service. 
(d) General Land Office. 

(1?) Revenue-Cutter Service. 

SUBJECT— POLITICAL AND COMMElRCIAL GEOGRAPHY. 

Question i. (a) What two countries border on Spain? 

(b) What large island is situated off the southeast coast of Africa ? 

(c) Name two seas which border on the Chinese Empire. 

Question 2. Name the two countries which produce the largest supply of raw silk. What three 
countries produce the most pig iron? 

Question J. For what manufactured or other product is each of the following countries chiefly 
noted: France, Switzerland, Mexico, Ceylon? 

Question 4. What are the products of which Brazil is the largest world-producer? What coun- 
try has the best shipping facilities in the world? 

Question ^. Name the four principal bodies of water (larger than a strait) through which a ship 
would pass on the shortest all-water route from Bombay, India, to Tokyo, Japan. 

SUBJECT— ARITHMETIC. 

Question i. The following is the value of the articles named, which were brought to the United 
States from Porto Rico, Hawaii', and the Philippines during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1905. 
Find the total value of each article and the grand total for all the articles: 



Articles. 



Coflfee 

Cotton, raw and manufactured 

Fruit and nuts 

Straw and palm leaf, manufactured. 

Sugar and molasses 

Tobacco and cigars 



Porto Rico. 



$201,642 
105,870 
250,847 
3g,i55 
176,861 
577.182 



Hawaii. Philippines. 



$173,617 

Q.Sio 

193 > 373 

747 

113,409 

7,084 



46s 
6,22g 

167 

498,399 

3.445 



Total. 



Grand total. 



Question 2. During the month of May, 1907, Curtis & Co. had the following transactions with 
Conrad Cook: May 2, they owed him on account |8. 50. May 3, they gave him their note due in 
I yr. for f 80, receiving credit for its face value. May 4, he sold them 872 lb. pork at 10 ct. per 
pound. May 5, he bought of them 620 bu. wheat at 90 ct. per bushel. May 12 they bought of 
him 750 ft. lumber at $1.40 per hundred. May 16, he transferred to them by indorsement a note 
given him by Joe Dent, due in 3 mo., face of note f 800, they giving him credit for the same. May 23, 
he bought of them 180 lb. veal at 9 ct. per pound. May 25, he bought of them 2,980 lb. hay at %\% 
per ton of 2,000 lb. May 31, they bought of him 3,360 lb, coal at 16 per ton of 2,240 lb. 



i6o 



COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 



Make in the form below an itemized statement of the above account as it should appear taken 
from the books of Cook; make a proper heading; close the account; and bring down the balance 
as it should have appeared June i, 1907. 



.in account with. 



Question J. A man traveled from B to C, a distance of 705 miles, in 12 days. He rode 94^, 
95t. 9^1 . 97A' Q^A' 99A kilometers, respectively, for the first six days of his journey. How many 
kilometers did he average a day for the last six days? (i kilometer = f mile.) 

Question 4. What is the total cost, including duty, of an importation of 8 tons of steel nail rods 
invoiced at $90 per ton, the rate of duty being as follows: If invoiced at 4 ct. or less per lb., y\ ct. 
per lb. ; if invoiced at over 4 ct. per lb., f ct. per lb.? (2,240 lb.= i ton.) 

SUBJECT— MODERN HISTORY (SINCE 1850) OF EUROPE, SOUTH AMERICA, AND THE FAR EAST. 

Question i. With what country and important event is each of the following noted persons 
associated: {a) Louis Kossuth, {b) Oscar II, {c) Victor Emanuel, (</) Count Otto von Bismarck, (e) 
Leopold II, (/) William E. Gladstone, {g) Emile Loubet, (//) General Kuroki, (?) Abdul Hamid II, 
(/) Lord Cromer? 

Question 2. Give an account of either («) the form of the government of the German Empire 
or (3) the separation of Norway and Sweden (1905). 

Question ^. Briefly describe the Venezuelan dispute (1895-1897) between Great Britain and the 
United States and its settlement. 

Question 4. (a) Give a brief account of the revolution of 1889 in Brazil. 
{/>) Give a brief account of our trouble with Chile (1891-92). 

Question J. Briefly describe the causes and results of (a) the war between China and Japan 
(1894-95), and (/') the Russo-Japanese war. 



XXII. BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR THE DIPL,OmiATIC SERVICE. 

(Under Executive orders of November 26, 1909, and September 17, ^913.) 



Miles M. Shand, of New Jersey. 
George R. Wales, of Vermont. 



Dudley Field Malone, of New York. 

Joseph W. Folk, of Missouri. 

Sydney Y. Smith, of the District of Columbia. 

Secretary. — Wallace J. Young, of Illinois. 



COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. l6l 

XXIII. BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR THE OOIVSUL.AR SERVICE. 

(Under Executive orders of June 27, 1906, June 20, 1907, and December 8, 1909.) 

Dudley Field Malone.of NewYork. Wilbur J.Carr.of NewYork. Herbert C. Hengstler.of Ohio. 

George R. Wales, of Vermont. 
Secretary. — Wallace J. Young, of Illinois. 



XXIV.-UIVITED STATES COURT FOR CHIIVA. 

Jtidge.— 

District Attorney. — Frank E. Hinckley, of California. 

Marshal. — Daniel Allen Wilson, jr., of Michigan. 

Clerk.— 



XXV DESPATCH AGENTS. 

I. P. Roosa, Room 622, No. 2 Rector street, New York. 

W. A. Cooper, Post-Office Building, San Francisco. 

R. Newton Crane, 4 Trafalgar Square, London, England. 

Michael A. Tito, Post-Office Building, New Orleans, Louisiana. 



XXVI. IIVTERNATIOIVAIi BOUNDARY COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND 

MEXICO. 

(No. 2 Dupont Circle, Washington, D. C.) 

Co/iimissioner on the part of the United States. — Brig. Gen. Anson Mills, U. S. A. 
Consulting Engineer on the part of the United States. — W. W. Follett, of Colorado. 
Commissioner on the part of Mexico. — Sefior Don Fernando Beltr^n y Puga, of Mexico. 
Consulting Engineer on the part of Mexico. — Sefior Don E. Zayas, of Mexico. 
Second Consulting Engineer on the part of Mexico. — Sefior Don Juan Martin del Campo. 
Secretary of the United States Commission. — Wilbur Keblinger, of Virginia. 
Secretary of the Mexican Commission. — Sefior Don Manuel W. Velarde, of Mexico. 
Second Secretary of the Mexican Commission. — Sefior Don Eduardo Soriano Bravo. 



XXVII.-AI.ASKAN BOUNDARY DEI^IMITATION COMMISSION AND CANADIAN 
BOUNDARY DEK.IMITATION COMMISSION. 

Commissioner for the United States. — O. H. Tittmann, of Missouri. 
Commissioner for Great Britain. — Dr. W. F, King. 



XXVIII INTERNATIONAL, WATERWAYS COMMISSION. 

Commissioners for the United States. — Gen. Oswald H. Ernst, U. S. A., retired; George Clinton, of 

New York; Eugene E. Haskell, of Michigan. 
Commissioners for Great Britain. — George C. Gibbons, Louis A. Coste, William J. Stewart. 



XXIX. -INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA, 
UNDER THE TREATY SIONED JANUARY 11, 1909. 

Commissioners for the United States. — James A. Tavvney, of Minnesota; George Turner, of Wash- 
ington; Obadiah Gardner, of Maine. 

Secretary. — L White Busbey, of Illinois. 
Commissioners for Great Britain. — T. Chase Casgrain, Henry A. Powell, Charles A. Magrath. 

Secretary. — Lawrence Johnston Burpee. 

s 1 1 70 — —II 



1 62 COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 

XXX ST. JOHX RIVER JOINT COIUI^IISSIOIV. 

Commissioners for the United States. — George A. Murchie, of Maine; Peter Charles Keegan, of Maine. 

Counsel. — Oscar F. Fellows, of Maine. 
Commissioners for Great Britain. — John Keefe, Mariner G. Teed. 

Counsel. — A. J. Gregory, Wendell P. Jones. 



XXXI PECUNIARY CliAIMS ARBITRATION COMMISSION, UNITED STATES 

AND GREAT BRITAIN. 

Arbitrator. — Chandler P. Anderson, of New York. 

Agent for the United States. — Robert Lansing, of New York. 

Special Assistant to the Agent. — Arthur P. McKinstry, of New York. 

Counsel. — Joshua Reuben Clark, of Utah; Charles F. Wilson, of the District of Columbia; 
Herbert H. D. Peirce, of Massachusetts. 

Secretary. — Robert A. Young. 

Chief Clerk and Disbursing Officer. — Llewellyn M. Snowden. 



XXXII.-RIO GRANDE RIVER COMMISSION. 

Commissioner for the United States. — Wilbur Keblinger, of Virginia. 
Commissioner for Mexico. — Sefior Don Fernando Beltran y Puga. 



XXXIII. -INTERNATIONAL, FISHERIES COMMISSION. 

Cotnmissioner for the United States. — Hugh M. Smith, of the District of Columbia. 
Commissioner for Great Britain. — Edward E. Prince. 



XXXIV.— INTERNATIONAL PRISON COMMISSION. 

Co?nmissioner on the part of the United States. — Charles R. Henderson, of Illinois. 



XXXV INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE AT ROME, ITALY 

Member of the Permanent Committee. — David Lubin, of California. 

XXXVI.-INTERNATIONAL OFFICE OF PUBLIC HEALTH AT PARIS. 

Representative of the United States. — Surgeon J. M. Eager, of the Public Health Service. 



XXXVII PAN-AMERICAN COMMITTEE OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Me))ihers. — Andrew Carnegie, Elihu Root, James B. McCreary, Charles B. Landis, James L. Slayden, 
Robert Bacon, Gen. George W. Davis, Benjamin Ide Wheeler, Edmund J. James, Leo S. Rowe, 
Paul S. Reinsch, John Barrett, Henry G. Davis, Henry White, Henry D. Flood, William Sulzer. 

Honorary President. — William Jennings Bryan. 

Chairtnan. — Leo S. Rowe. 

Vice-Chairtnan. — Andrew Carnegie. 

Secretary. — John Barrett. 

Executive Committee. — Leo S. Rowe, Charles B. Landis, Gen. George W. Davis, John Barrett. 



COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 1 6 



XXXVIII. II\T£RIVATIOIVAIi TRIBUNALiS OF EOYPT. 



O 



In 1S76, as the result of negotiations between the Ottoman and Egyptian Governments and the 
various Christian powers having representatives at Cairo, certain courts were created in Egypt for 
the trial of civil and commercial causes arising between natives and foreigners of different nation- 
ality, as well as all questions of real estate between any person and suits of foreigners against 
the Egyptian Government and members of the Khedival family. These mixed tribunals, in civil 
matters within their exclusive jurisdiction, superseded the consular courts. A mixed tribunal con- 
sists of five judges, three of whom are foreigners and two natives. The foreign judges are 
appointed by the Khedive on the recommendation of the great powers, each of which is represented 
by from one to three judges. There are three tribunals of original jurisdiction (first instance), 
one each at Cairo, Alexandria, and Mansura, and a court of appeals at Alexandria. The United 
States is represented in these courts by the following judges: 

Court of appeals. — Somerville P. Tuck, of New York (appointed 190S; appointed to court of 
first instance 1894). 

Court of first instance. — William G. Van Home, of Utah (appointed 1902); Pierre Crabites, of 
Louisiana (appointed 1911). 

XXXIX PERIWANEIVT COURT OF ARBITRATIOIV PROVIDED FOR BV THE 

COIVVEIVTIOIV SIGIVED AT THE HAGUE, JUEY 29, 1899. 

ARGENTINA. 

His Excellency Mr. Estanislas S. Zeballos, LL. D., Professor of Private International Law at the 
University of Buenos Aires; formeily Minister for Foreign Affairs and Worship. 

Mr. Luis Maria Drago, LL. D., Member of the Law faculty of the University of Buenos Aires; 
formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs and Worship and Delegate Plenipotentiary at the Second 
Peace Conference. 

His Excellency Mr. Carlos Rodriguez Larreta, LL. D., Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary at Paris; formerly Professor of Constitutional Law at the University of Buenos Aires, 
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Worship, and Delegate Plenipotentiary at the Second Peace 
Conference. 

Mr. Joaquin V. Gonzalez, LL. D., Senator, President of the National University of La Plata; 
formerly Minister of the Interior, for Foreign Affairs and Worship, of Justice and Public 
Instruction, and Deputy. 

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 

Mr. Henri Lammasch, LL. D., Aulic Councilor, Member of the House of Lords of the Austrian 

Parliament, Professor of International Law at the University of Vienna. 
His Excellency Mr. Albert de Berzeviczy, Privy Councilor, President of the Hungarian Academy 

of Sciences and Letters, President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Hungarian Parliament; 

formerly Minister of Religion and Public Instruction in Hungary. 
His Excellency Baron Ernest de Plener, LL. D., Privy Councilor, President of the Supreme Court 

of Audit, Member of the House of Lords of the Austrian Parliament. 
Mr. Francois Nagy, LL. D., Confidential Counselor of His Imperial Majesty, Secretary of State in 

Reserve of the Kingdom of Hungary, Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Hungarian 

Parliament. 

BELGIUM. 

Baron Descamps, Senator, Secretary-General of the Institute of International Law, and Professor 

of the University of Louvain; formerly Minister of Sciences and Arts. 
Mr. Ernest Nijs, Counselor at the Court of Appeals of Brussels. 
Mr. Leon Arendt, Honorary Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 
Mr. Jules van den Heuvel, Minister of State; formerly Minister of Justice. 

BOLIVIA. 

Mr. Severo Fernandez Alonso, LL. D., Minister at Buenos Aires; formerly President of Bolivia 

and Professor of International Law at the University of Chuquisaca. 
Mr. Claudio Pinilla, LL. D., Minister for Foreign Affairs; formerly Minister to Brazil. 
His Excellency Mr. Ignacio Calderon, Minister to the United States; formerly Professor of Law in 

the University of La Paz and Minister of Finance. 



164 COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 



His Excellency Mr. Lafayelle Rodrigues Pereira, LL. D., formerly Senator, Councilor of State, and 

President of the late Imperial Council of Ministers. 
His Excellency Mr. Ruy Barbosa, LL. D., Senator, Member of the Brazilian Academy; formerly 

Ambassador, Vice-Chief of the Provisional Government of the Republic, and Delegate to the 

Hague Conference. 

BULG.VRIA. 

Mr. Stoyan Daneff, LL. D., President of the Council of Ministers and Minister for Foreign Affairs; 

formerly President of the Council of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Worship, and 

Professor at the University of Sofia. 
Mr. Dimitri Stancioff, LL. D., Minister at Paris and Brussels; formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs. , 



Mr. Carlos Concha, LL. D., formerly Minister of State, President of the Chamber of Deputies, and 

Minister at Buenos Aires. 
Mr. Miguel Cruchaga, LL. D., Minister at Berlin; formerly Minister at Buenos Aires, Minister 

of State, Member of the Chamber of Deputies, and Delegate to the Fourth Pan-American 

Conference at Buenos Aires. 
Mr. Alejandro Alvarez, LL. D., formerly legal adviser to the Minister for Foreign AlTairs, and 

Technical Delegate to the Fourth Pan-American Conference at Buenos Aires. 
Mr. Eliodoro Yanez, Senator; formerly Deputy and Minister for Foreign Affairs. 



His Excellency Wu Ting-fang, formerly Minister to the United States of America and Imperial 

Commissioner for the Revision of Laws. 
His Excellency Hoo-Wei-Teh, formerly Under Secretary of State of the Board of Foreign Affairs 

and Minister at Tokyo. 
His Excellency Liou She-Shun, Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs. 
His Excellency J. van den Heuvel, Belgian Minister of State; formerly Minister of Justice. 

COLOMBIA. 

General Jorge Holguin, formerly President of Colombia, Minister for Foreign Affairs, of War, of 
Finance, and of the Treasury, Financial Delegate in Europe, and Deputy to the Hague 
Conference. 

General Marceliano Vargas, formerly Minister Plenipotentiary at Paris and Minister of the Interior. 

Mr. J. Marcelino Hurtado, Minister to the Quirinal; formerly Minister at Washington. 

Mr. Felipe Diaz Erazo, Counselor of Legation at Paris. 

CUBA. 

Mr. Antonio Sanchez de Bustamante, LL. D., Senator, Professor of International Public and 

Private Law at the University of Habana. 
Mr. Gonzalo de Quesada, Barrister, Minister at Berlin; formerly Minister at Washington. 
Mr. Manuel Sanguily, Barrister, Inspector General of the Army; formerly Minister for Foreign 

Affairs and Senator. 
Mr. Juan B. Hernandes Barreiro, LL. D., President of the Supreme Tribunal of the Republic. 

DENMARK. 

His Excellency Mr. J. H. Deuntzer, LL. D., Privy Councilor, Judge of the Supreme Court; formerly 
Prime Minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Professor of Law at the University of Copen- 
hagen, and a Member of the Folkething. 

Mr. Axel Vedel, Chamberlain, Prefect of the Department of Praesto; formerly Director at the Min- 
istry for Foreign Affairs and Delegate to the Second International Peace Conference. 

Mr. Carl Emil Cold, Counselor of the Court of Appeals of Copenhagen. 

Mr. D. Nyholm, Honorary Councilor of State and Member of the Mixed Tribunal at Cairo; formerly 
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court at Copenhagen. 



COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 165 

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. 

Mr. Francisco Henrique/, y Carvajal, Minister to Haiti; formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs. 
Mr. Rafael J. Castillo, LL. D., Member of the Supreme Court; formerly Attorney-General of Santo 

Domingo. 
Mr. Eliseo Grullon, Consul-General at Amsterdam; formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs and 

President of the Constitutional Assembly. 
Mr. Apolinar Tejera, Minister of Justice and Public Instruction; formerly President of the Supreme 

Court and Deputy. 

ECUADOR. 

His Excellency Mr. Honorato Vasquez, LL. D., Deputy, Senator, Under Secretary of State at the 
Department for Public Instruction and Foreign Affairs, Rector of the University of Azuay; 
formerly Minister at Lima and Madrid. 



Mr. Leon Bourgeois, LL. D., Senator, Minister of Labor; formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs, 

President of the Chamber of Deputies, President of the Cabinet Council, and Minister of Labor 

and Social Providence. 
Mr. A. Decrais, Senator; formerly Ambassador to Italy, to Austria-Hungary, to Great Britain, 

and Minister of the Colonies. 
Baron D'Estournelles de Constant, Minister Plenipoteritiary, Senator. 
Mr. Louis Renault, Minister Plenipotentiary, Professor in the Law Faculty of the University of Paris, 

Law Officer of the Department for Foreign Affairs. 

GERMAN EMPIRE. 

Mr. Kriege, LL. D., Counselor of Legation, Director of the Department for Foreign Affairs. 
Mr. von Martitz, LL. D., Superior Confidential Counselor of the Regency, Professor of Law at the 

University of Berlin. 
Mr. de Staff, LL. D., President of the Superior Court of Marienwerder. 

GREAT BRITAIN. 

The Honorable Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Member of the Privy Council, Chief Justice of the 

Supreme Court of the Dominion of Canada. 
The Earl de Desart, K. C. B., formerly Solicitor of the Treasury. 
The Right Honorable James Bryce, O. M.; formerly Ambassador at Washington. 



Mr. Denis Stephanos, Deputy; formerly Chief of the Civil Cabinet of the King, Minister for Foreign 

Affairs, and Minister of Justice (twice). 
Mr. Georges Streit, Minister at Vienna, Member of the Institute of International Law; formerly 

Professor of International Law at the University of Athens. 
Mr. Michel Kebedgy, Member of the Institute of International Law; formerly Judge of the Mixed 

Court of Appeals at Alexandria and Professor of International Law at the University of Berne. 
Mr. A. Typaldo Bassia, Member of the Chamber of Deputies. 

GUATEMALA. 

Mr. Antonio Batres Jauregui, Councilor of State; formerly President of the Judicial Power and of 
the Supreme Court of Justice, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Public Instruction, Minister at 
Washington and Rio de Janeiro, and Delegate to the Third International American Conference. 

Mr. Carlos Salazar, Substitute Dean of the Faculty of Law, Guatemalan Counsel at the Court of 
Justice of Central America ; formerly Member of the Court of Appeals. 

Mr. Antonio Gonzalez Saravia, LL. D., Justice of the Supreme Court. 

Mr. Alberto Mencos, LL. D., formerly Minister on Special Mission to Salvador and Spain. 



1 66 COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 



Mr. Jaques Nicolas Leger, Barrister, President of the Legislative Society of Port au Prince; 
formerly Secretary of State for Foreign Relations and Worship, President of the Bar Associa- 
tion of Port au Prince, Deputy, and Minister at Washington. 

Mr. Solon Menos, Barrister; formerly Minister to the United States, Secretary of State for Finance, 
Commerce, Justice, and Foreign Relations, President of the Legislative Society of Port au 
Prince, and President of the Bar Association of Port au Prince. 

Mr. F. D. Legitime, Publiciste; formerly President of Haiti. 

Mr. Tertullien Guilbaud, Barrister, Secretary of State for Justice and Public Instruction; formerly 
Private Secretary to the President, Member of the Constitutional Assembly, and Senator. 



Mr. Guido Fusinato, LL. D., Deputy, Councilor of State; formerly Professor of International Law 

at the University of Turin and Minister of Public Instruction. 
Mr. Victor Emmanuel Orlando, Lawyer, University Professor, Member of Parliament; formerly 

Minister of Justice. 
His Excellency Mr. Tommaso Tittoni, Ambassador at Paris, Senator; formerly Minister for 

Foreign Affairs and Ambassador at London. 
Dr. Carlo Schanzer, LL. D., Member of the Superior Council of Public Health and of Public 

Benevolence and Assistance; formerly Minister of Posts and Telegraphs. 

JAPAN. 

Baron Itchiro Motono, LL. D., Ambassador at St. Petersburg. 

Mr. Henry Willard Denison, Law Officer of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs at Tokyo. 

LUXEMBURG. 

Mr. Henri Vannerus, President of the Council of State; formerly President of the Superior Court 
of Justice. 

MEXICO. 

Mr. Jos6 Ives Limantour, LL. D., Member of the Institute of France (associate of the Academy of 
Moral and Political Sciences); formerly Minister of Finance and Public Credit. 

Mr. Pablo Macedo, LL. D.; formerly President of the Monetary Commission and Director of the 
National School of Law and President of the Senate. 

Mr. Joaquin Obregon Gonzalez, LL. D., formerly Governor of Guanajuato. 

Mr. Joaquin D. Casasus, LL. D., formerly Ambassador at Washington and Director of the 
National School of Law. 

MONTENEGRO. 

(No appointments have been made.) 

NETHERLANDS. 

His Excellency Jonkheer A. F. de Savornin Lohman, LL. D., Minister of State, Member of the 

Second Chamber of the States-General; formerly Minister of the Interior and Professor of 

the Free University of Amsterdam. 
Mr. Jonkheer G. L. M. H. Ruys de Beerenbrouck, LL. D., Member of the Council of State on 

Extraordinary Mission, Commissioner of the Queen in the Province of Limbourg; formerly 

Minister of Justice. 
Mr. P. W. A. Cort van der Linden, LL. D., Member of the Council of State; formerly Minister of 

Justice. 
His Excellency Jonkheer A. P. C. van Karnebeek, LL. D., Minister of State; formerly Minister for 

Foreign Affairs. 

NICARAGUA. 

Mr. Desire Pector, Consul-General of Honduras and Nicaragua at Paris. 



COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 1 67 



Mr. G. Gram, Provincial Governor; formerly Minister of State of Norway. 

His Excellency Mr. George Francis Hagerup, LL. D., Member of the Nobel Committee of the 
Storthing, Member of the Institute of International Law, Minister to Denmark, the Nether- 
lands, and Belgium; formerly Minister of State and President of the Council, Minister of 
Justice, Member of the Supreme Court of Norway, and Professor of Law at the University 
of Christiania. 

Mr. Sigurd Ibsen, LL. D , formerly Minister of State. 

Mr. H. J. Horst, President of the Norwegian Group of the Interparliamentary Union for Arbitra- 
tion and Peace, Member of the Nobel Committee of the Storthing, Member of the Interparlia- 
mentary Council, Member of the Commission of the International Peace Bureau; formerly 
Deputy, President of the Lagthing, and College Principal. 

PANAMA. 

His Excellency Dr. Belisario Porras, President of Panama; formerly Minister at Washington and at 

San Jose, Costa Rica. 
Dr. Ramon M. Valdes, LL. D., Minister at London; formerly Secretary of State for the Interior 

and Justice, Minister at Washington and Brussels. 



His Excellency Mirza Samad-Khan Momtazos-Saltaneh, formerly Minister at Paris. 
His Excellency Mirza Hassan-Khan Muchir ul Dovlet, Minister of Public Instruction; formerly 
Minister at St. Petersburg. 

PERU. 

His Excellency Mr. Carlos G. Candamo, Minister at Paris and London. 

Dr. Ramon Ribeyro, LL. D., Member of the Supreme Court of Justice, Professor of International 
Law at the University of San Marcos; formerly Minister of State and Envoy Extraordinary. 

Dr. Luis F. Villaran, LL. D., Rector of the University of San Marcos, Member of the Supreme 
Court of Justice; formerly Minister of State. 

His Excellency Dr. Manuel Alvarez Calderon, LL. D., Minister at Berne; formerly Minister at 
Brussels, at Washington, and at Santiago, Chile; delegate to the Second Pan-American Con- 
ference at Mexico City. 

PORTUGAL. 

His Excellency Mr. Fernando Matozo Santos, formerly Peer of the Realm and Minister of Finances 
and for Foreign Affairs. 

His Excellency Mr. Francisco Antonio da Veiga BeiraO, Councilor of State; formerly Minister for 
Foreign Affairs, of Justice, and Prime Minister. 

His Excellency Mr. Jose Capello Franco Frazao (formerly Comte de Penha Garcia), LL. D., for- 
merly President of the Chamber of Deputies. 

His Excellency Mr. Artur Pinto de Miranda Montenegro, LL. D., formerly Minister of Justice. 

ROUMANIA. 

Mr. Theodore G. Rosetti, President of the Senate; formerly President of the Council of Ministers 
and President of the High Court of Cassation and Justice. 

Mr. Jean Kalinderu, LL. D., Administrator of the Crown Domain; formerly President of the High 
Court of Cassation and Justice. 

Mr. Jean N. Lahovary, Deputy; formerly Minister of Agriculture and of Domain, Minister Pleni- 
potentiary and Minister for Foreign Affairs. 

Mr. Constantin G. Dissescu, Minister of Worship and Public Instruction. 

RUSSIA. 

Mr. A. Sabouroff, Secretary of State, Member and President of the First Department of the Council 

of the Empire, Senator, and Privy Councilor. 
Mr. Tagantzeff, Member of the Council of the Empire, Senator, and Privy Councilor. 
Baron Michel de Taube, Permanent Member of the Council of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 

Professor of International Law at the Imperial University of St. Petersburg, Councilor of State 

and Adjunct of the Ministry of Public Instruction. 



1 68 COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 

SALVADOR. 

Mr. Manuel Delgado, LL. D., formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs, Minister Plenipotentiary, and 

Rector of the National University. 
Mr. Salvador Gallegos, LL. D., formerly Minister for Foreign Affairs and Minister Plenipotentiary. 
Mr. Salvador Rodriguez Gonzalez, LL. D., Private Secretary of the President; formerly Minister 

for Foreign Affairs, of Justice, and of the Public Charities. 
Mr. Alonso Reyes Guerra, LL. D., Consul-General at Hamburg, Germany. 



Mr. George Pavlovitch, formerly Minister of Justice, Professor of Law of the University of Bel- 
grade, and President of the Court of Cassation. 

Dr. Milenko R. Vesnitch, LL. D., Minister at Paris, Member of the Institute of International Law; 
formeriy Minister of Justice, President of the Scoupchtina, and Professor of Law of the Uni- 
versity of Belgrade. 

SIAM. 

Mr. Corragioni d'Orelli, LL. D., Counselor of Legation at Paris. 

Mr. Jens I. Westengard, General Adviser to the Siamese Government. 



His Excellency Mr. Eduardo Dato y Iradiez, Deputy; formerly Minister of the Interior and Minister 

of Grace and Justice. 
His Excellency Mr. Rafael M. de Labra, Senator, Barrister at the Court of Cassation, Member of 

the Institute of International Law; formerly Deputy. 
His Excellency Mr. Manuel Garcia Prieto, Marquis de Alhucemas, LL. D., Deputy; formerly 

Minister of State and Minister of Justice. 
Mr. Felipe Sanchez Roman, Professor of Law at the University of Madrid, Senator; formerly 

Minister of State and Subsecretary of Grace and Justice. 



Mr. Knut Hjalmar Leonard de Hammarskjold, LL. D., Governor of the Province of Upsal; 

formerly Minister of Justice, Minister of Worship and of Public Instruction, Minister at 

Copenhagen, President of the Court of Appeals of Jonkoping, and Professor of Law of the 

University of Upsal. 
Mr. Johan Fredrik Ivar Afzelius, LL. D., Member of the First Chamber of the Diet, President of 

the Court of Appeal at Stockholm; formerly President of the Commission for the Revision 

of Laws and Counselor of the Supreme Court. 
Mr. Johannes Hellner, LL. D., formerly Minister and Member of the Supreme Court. 
His Excellency Baron Carl Nils Daniel Bildt, D. Lit., Minister to Italy and Member of the Swedish 

Academy at Stockholm. 

SWITZERLAND. 

His Excellency Mr. Charles Edouard Lardy, LL. D., Swiss Minister at Paris, Member and formerly 

President of the Institute of International Law. 
Mr. Eugene Huber, LL. D., Law Professor at the University of Berne. 
Colonel Leo Weber, LL. D., Colonel of the Military Justice, Auditor in Chief of the Swiss Army; 

formerly Federal Judge. 

TURKEY. 

His Highness Ibrahim Hakky Pasha, formerly Grand Vizier and Ambassador at Rome. 

His Excellency Gabriel Effendi Nouradounghian, Senator; formerly Minister of Commerce and 

Public Works, Minister for Foreign Affairs, and Legal Adviser to the Sublime Porte. 
His Excellency Yorghiadis Effendi, Senator. 
His Excellency Said Bey, formerly Vice-President of the Council of State. 



COMMISSIONS, BOARDS, ETC. 1 69 



UNITED STATES. 

Mr. George Gray, United States Circuit Judge; formerly United States Senator. 

Mr. Oscar S. Straus, formerly Secretary of Commerce and Labor and Ambassador at Constantinople. 

Mr. Elihu Root, United States Senator; formerly Secretary of War and Secretary of State. 

Mr. John Bassett Moore, Counselor for the Department of State. 

URUGUAY. 

Mr. Juan Pedro Castro, LL. D., Honorary Member of the Board of Directors of Public Instruc- 
tion, formerly Professor of Civil Law at the University of Montevideo, Minister at Paris and 
Brussels, and President of the Senate. 

Mr. Juan Zorrilla de San Martin, LL. D., formerly Minister Plenipotentiary at Madrid, Lisbon, and 
Paris, and Professor of Public International Law in the University of Montevideo. 

Mr. Jose Pedro Massera, LL. D., Member of the Chamber of Deputies; formerly Director-General 
of Public Instruction and Professor of Criminal Law in the University of Montevideo. 

VENEZUELA. 

Dr. Francisco Arroyo Parejo, LL. D., Barrister, Professor of Law at the University of Caracas; 

formerly Procureur-Gen6ral. 
Dr. Carlos Leon, LL. D., Barrister, Instructor at the University of Caracas; formerly Minister of 

Public Instruction, Member of the Court of Cassation, and Governor of the Federal District. 
Dr. Nicomedes Zuloaga, LL. D., Barrister; formerly Member of the Court of Cassation. 
General Manuel Antonio Mates, Minister for Foreign Affairs; formerly Senator and Minister of' 

Finance. 

SECRETARY-GENERAL. 

Baron Michiels van Verduynen. 

FIRST SECRETARY OF THE COURT. 

Jonkheer W. Roell. 

THE ADMINISTRATIVE COUNCIL. 

The Administrative Council consists of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands and the 
diplomatic representatives at The Hague of the ratifying powers. 



170 FOREIGN EMBASSIES AND LEGATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

XE,. FOREIGIV EI^BASSIES AIVD K.EGATIOIVS IIV THE IJIVITED STATES. 



Country and date of 
presentation. 



Argentina 

April 11, 1911. 



Austria-Hungary. 
April 24, 1913. 



Belgium 

November 21, igii. 



Bolivia 

May 27, igo4. 



Brazil 

June 16, 1911. 



Ciiile 

June 27, iQii. 



China 

December 21, igog. 



Colombia 

June 25, 1912. 




Mr. Romulo S. Na6n E. E. and M. P 1600 N. H. 

Dr. Eduardo Labougle First Secretary of Legation 

Mr. Eduardo Racedo, jr 1 Second Secretary 

Office of Legation j ,600 N. H. Ave. 

Amb. E. and P i 



Counselor of Embassy j 1336 igth St. 

Naval Attache The Bachelor. 

First Secretary 

Second Secretary 



Dr. Constantin Theodor Dumba, Privy 

Councilor. 

Baron Erich Zwiedinek von Siidenhorst 

Com. Maximilian Burstyn 

Konstantin von Masirevich 

Stephen Hedry de Hedri et de Genere Aba, 

Chamberlain to His Imperial and Royal 

Apostolic Majesty. 

Baron Karl von Freudenthal ^ Attache Rauscher's. 

Office of Embassy 1 1304 i8th St. 

^r. E. Havenith E. E. and M. P 

Mr. CharlesSymon Secretary of Legation.. 

Count du Monceau ' Attach^ of Legation.... 

Office of Legation i 



Seiior Don Ignacio Calderon I E. E. and M. P 

Sefior Don Ml. V Ballivian, jr Secretary of Legation. 

Office of Legation 



2011 Mass Ave. 



1633 Avenue of the 
Presidents. 



Mr. D. da Gama Amb. E. and P 

Mr. E. L. Chermont Counselor of Embassy 2419 Mass. Ave. 

Lieut. Com. Radler de Aquino Naval Attache ; 1627 Avenue of the 

I Presidents. 

Capt. A. J. Fonseca Military Attache \ igi6 Avenue of the 

Presidents. 

Mr. A. J. de Ipanema Moreira I Second Secretary Do. 

Mr. J. L. de Modesto Leal | do 1737 H St. 

Mr. M. da Costa Barradas ' Commercial Attache 

Office of Em bass V ' 



Senor Don Eduardo Suarez M ! E. E. and M. P 

Sefior Don Felipe .\ninat First Secretary of Legation... 

Seiior Don Santiago Rivas Second Secretary of Legation.. 

Lieut. Edgar von Schroeders Naval Attache 

Office of Legation 



101