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JANUARY, 1912 
Vol. 10 No. 28 

Yearly Subscription 



Kentucky State Historical 



PER COPY, 25c. 


VOL 10. NO. 28. 


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* ^4 

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• > • < 

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# • » 

» • • * * 

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I ' I. 

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H. V. McCHESNEY First Viee-PrMldeiit 

W. W. LONQMOOR ', Second Vlce-PrMld»nt and Curator 

MI88 aALLY JACKSON Third Vice-President and Librarian 

MRS. JENNIE C. MORTON ftegent and Secretery^i^aeurvr 



H. V. McCHESNEY, Chairman. 




Must be sent by cheek or money order. All communications for The 
Register should be addressed to Mbs. Jennie C. Mobton, Editor and 
Secretary-Treasurer, Kentucky State Historical Society, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mbs. Jennie C. Mobton, Editor-in-Chief. 

H. V. MoChesney, Associate Editor. 

Pbop. G. C. Downing, Regular Contributor. 

If your copy of The Register is not received promptly, please advise 

us. It is issued in January, May and September. 


If there is a blue X upon the first page of your Roister, it denotes that 

your subscription has expired, and that your 

renewal is requested. 

General meeting of the Kentucky 8tate Historical Society, June 7th» the date of 
Daniel Boone's first view of the "beautiful level of Kentucky.'' 


JANUARY, 1912. 

1. James Quthrie. By Geo. Baber. 

2. Henry Clay. By the late Hon. Z. F. Smith, with picture of Henry 

Clay's Bust, by Joel T. Hart Also Letters of Miss Clay and 

Rev. Porter Clay's Account of the Clay family. 


3. Tribute of Affection to Hon. Z. F. Smith. By W. H. Bartholomew. 

4. Patriotic Songs of All Nations. By Mrs. Ella H. EUwanger. 
6. Flye Hundred Pioneers. By A. C. Quisenberry. 

6. Sonnets. By Rev. F. W. Eberhardt. 

7. Department of Clippings and Paragraphs. 

8. Department of Questions and Answers. 

9. Report from Historical Society. 

10. The Railey — Randolph Genealogy, Concluded. 


Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Louisville, Ky. 

Hon. L. F. Johnson, Frankfort, Ky. 

Miss Martha Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky, 

Hon. W. W. Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

W. W. LoNGMooR, Frankfort, Ky. 

Prof. G. C. Downing, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mrs. Ella H. Ellwanger, Frankfort, Ky. 

George Barer, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Thos. E. Pickett, Maysville, Ky. 

A. 0. QuiSENBERRY, HyattsviUe, Md. 


.' \ ■ 

t * % A .« " 

I t 

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» « flpfli « ' 


The Outline of a Great Kentnckian 



» a * 

• • • 

• • 

Lawyer, Financier and Statesman 

(By George Baber.) 

James Guthrie, as lawyer, finan- 
cier and statesman, deserves a 
high place in the history of Ken- 
tucky, and yet so little has been 
published about him that even 
now, after only four decades since 
his death, there are but few Ken- 
tuckians who are familiar with his 
career. His was a great example 
of the self-made man who, reared 
amidst the simplest environments, 
unaided by the prestige of ances- 
try and unsupported by wealth, 
won both fame and wealth by his 
fortitude, his industry, his self- 
respect and his high ambition. His 
father, Adam Guthrie, migrated 
from Scotland to America. ^Ho 
located first in Virginia and thence 
came to Kentucky as soon as the 
new commonwealth was made from 
the Old Dominion, establishing his 
home in what became as now the 
County of Nelson, where James 
was bom December 5th, 1792. 
Schoolhouses were then scarce in 
Kentucky, colleges were unknown, 
and the most ordinary facilities 
for the acquisition of learning 
were hard to obtain in the State. 
But young Guthrie resolutely faced 
all difficulties, resolved to prepare 
himself for a career which required 
both a knowledge of books and 
fitness for public service. Having 
studied in a log school room under 

the instructions of a Mr. McCal- 
lister, he realized the need of money 
and sought^ it courageously, making 
successfully three trips down the 
Mississippi in a flat boat loaded 
with provisions for^the New Or- 
leans trade; and then, nearing the 
age of twenty years, he *^left the 
river," and with Charles A. Wick- 
liflfe and Ben Hardin, undertook to 
study law under the great John 
Rowan, who had set up a law oflSce 
at the meagre village of Bardstown. 
Young Guthrie was a hard student, 
developed rapidly under the teach- 
ing of Kowan, was licensed to prac- 
tice, appeared in a few cases at 
court, and at the age of twenty- 
eight was appointed Common- 
wealth's Attorney by Governor 
Adair. This appointment, with its 
importance and dignity, caused Mr. 
Guthrie in 1820 to remove his oflSce 
to Louisville, a village having more 
pretensions than Bardstown, as the 
struggling voung **City of the 
Falls.*] Thus, Mr. Guthrie's op- 
portunities were both widened and 
multiplied, and the fidelity with 
which his official duties were done 
enlisted the public esteem, which, 
from that time to the end, never 
flagged, and which bore him on- 
ward to high positions, large re- 
sponsibilities, geat influence and 
ample fortune. He acquired repu- 


:-:ft«Ot«l^ :of.tne-. Kentucky State Historical Society. 

« ( 

tation as a safe and successful at- 
torney. His practice became lucra- 
tive, and falling into the habit of 
that day, he actively engaged in 
politics, became a zealous advo- 
cate of Andrew Jackson, rose to 
local prominence in the Democratic 
party, and was repeatedly chosen 
to represent Jefferson county in 
either one or the other branch of 
the Legislature. There was much 
strenuosity in the party conflicts of 
that day. The friends of Andrew 
Jackson and of Henry Clay, re- 
spectively, were severe in the cham- 
pionship of their famous leaders. 
But it is noteworthy that, whilst 
Mr. Guthrie was an unquestionable 
Jackson man, his self-poise and 
equanimity as a political debater 
kept him free from bitterness. He 
was fair toward both parties, thus 
strengthening the value of his pub- 
lic service; and when he an- 
noimced his determination to re- 
tire from political warfare and de- 
vote himself more closely to pri- 
vate interests, three hundred active 
Whigs of Jefferson county united 
in an address soliciting him to be- 
come once more a candidate for the 
State Senate in order that the wel- 
fare of his constituents might be 
surely maintained and promoted. 
To this non-partisan appeal he 
yielded, and it may be assumed that 
to this fact is attributable the con- 
tinuation of a career which had 
been already well begrin, and 
which brought Mr. Guthrie at last 
into the high places which he held 
in connection with the National 

Mr. Guthrie foresaw with a clear 
eye the possible destiny of Louis- 
ville as a seat of commerce and as 

a center of industrial prosperity, 
thereby giving impulse to the thrift, 
not of local interests only, but to 
those of the whole State. In the 
early years of Louisville's growth, 
Mr. Guthrie's life of industry was 
an inspiration. He was ever active 
in the development of the city. He 
was constantly organizing and 
moving men into action. He gave 
energetic attention to the educa- 
tional interests of the place. He pro- 
cured the first sum of money that 
was needed to establish the Univer- 
sity of Louisville. He promoted 
the building of churches and the 
construction of streets at the same 
time. He illustrated, in fact, the 
axiom of Beaconsfield, that *'a 
great man is one who affects the 
mind of his generation,*' and that 
other no less striking axiom, from 
the pen of Don Piatt, that *Hhat 
man is great who can use the brains 
of others to carry on his own 
work." Governed by this princi- 
ple of co-operation and realizing 
the need of transportation facili- 
ties, he enlisted his fellow citizens 
in the project of building the Louis- 
ville, Frankfort and Lexington 
Eailroad, beginning the task as 
far back as 1833, in the very dawn 
of railway construction in America, 
thus laying the ground of that 
system of railway building in Ken- 
tucky which, having the Louisville 
and Nashville Railroad as its 
greatest achievement, has proved 
to be the chief source of wealth and 
development in the State. In 1837, 
he was a zealous co-worker with the 
late William F. Bullock in estab- 
lishing our conmion school system, 
and persistently labored in support 
of it. 

Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 


Mr. Guthrie was Ke^ntucky^s 
greatest financier. He sustained a 
leading part in perfecting legisla- 
tion which laid the foundation of 
the banking interests of the State. 
He framed the charter of the Bank 
of Kentucky which has uniformly 
been conceded to be the most care- 
fully and wisely constructed instru- 
ment ever written for the creation 
and government of a banking insti- 
tution in any State of the Union. 
It thus appears that Mr. Guthrie 
was justly entitled to the designa- 
tion of being a great business law- 
yer. It was natural, too, that he 
should have been frequently called 
by courts and persons to settle com- 
plicated questions in the adjust- 
ment of large private estates, and 
that his conclusions were invaria- 
bly accepted as correct. 

Few events in Mr. Guthrie's ca- 
reer can be now more conclusively 
cited to exemplify his usefulness in 
dealing with the affairs of Ken- 
tucky than his election and service 
as the President of the memorable 
Constitutional Convention of 1849, 
which was called after long and 
careful popular discussion. He was 
chosen president of that body by 
a vote of fifty-seven, as against 
forty-three cast for H'on. Arclu- 
bald Dixon, who was an eminent 
Whig leader intimately associated 
with Henry Clay and John X Crit- 
tenden, and having the influence of 
their great prestige. He presided 
over the convention with consum- 
mate ability, displaying a tact as 
parliamentarian which enabled a 
body composed of sharply conflict- 
ing elements to act with commend- 
able promptitude in solving prob- 
lems that threatened to produce a 

prolonged and vexatious agitation 
in K-eutucky. In fact, he was the 
master spirit in that great repre- 
sentative assemblage. 

Perhaps the most interesting 
period in Mr. Guthrie's public 
career was embraced in his four 
years' service as Secretary of the 
Treasury of the United States in 
the Cabinet of President Pierce 
from March 4th, 1853, to March 
4th, 1857. President Pierce select- 
ed Mr. Guthrie for this important 
position on two accounts, first, be- 
cause he had long exerted a com- 
manding influence in Kentucky as 
a Democratic leader, and, secondly, 
because of his profound knowledge 
of financial and economic questions. 
In this selection no mistake was 
made. Mr. Guthrie as a financier, 
thus fully tried, is now properly 
classed with the famous Albert Gal- 
latin who served as Secretary of 
the Treasury under the successive 
administrations of Jefferson and 
Madison. His annual reports, and 
in fact all his official papers, writ- 
ten in terse and clear English, were 
notably able; while as an admin- 
istrative and executive officer he 
has never had a superior at the 
National Capital. It has been free- 
ly admitted that the greatest mem- 
bers of the Pierce Cabinet were 
•William L. Marcy, Secretary of 
State; James Guthrie, Secretary of 
the Treasury, and Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War. Mr. Guthrie 
was much beloved among the peo- 
ple irrespective of party who were 
employed in the Treasury Depart- 
ment, owing to his kind considera- 
tion for their comfort and pleasure 
in the performance of their official 
duties. In this particular he illus- 



Register of the Kentucky 8tate Hietorlcal Society. 

trated in a striking degree the 
greatness and goodness of his char- 
acter. In this connection the inter- 
esting fact is recalled that Ken- 
tucky has been honored to an ex- 
traordinary extent in the selection 
of Cabinet Officers since the forma- 
tion of the Union. Mr. Clay was 
Secretary of State; William T. 
Barry, Amos Kendall and Charles 
Wickliffe were Postjnasters-Gen- 
eral; John J. Crittenden and 
James Speed were Attorneys-Gen- 
eral; Isaac Shelby and Joseph 
Holt were Secretaries of War; 
Judge Bibb, Jamesi Guthrie, Ben- 
jamin H. Bristow and John G. 
Carlisle were Secretaries of the 
Treasury — each and all being great 
characters in the country's his- 
tory; and it may be said that Mr. 
Guthrie wtas equal to the best of 
them in their allotted places. Each 
of them sprang from humble life, 
but none of them in their laudable 
ever encountered greater obstacles 
than Mr. Guthrie in rising from 
the lowly walks of Nelson county 
to the high positions to which he 
was exalted, and which he adorned 
by his wisdom and patriotism. 

In 1860, in view of the country's 
critical condition, Mr. Guthrie's 
. name was presented to the Nation- 
al Democratic Convention as Ken- 
tucky's choice for the Presidency 
and had he been nominated, there- 
by averting the controversy be- 
tween Stephen A. Douglas and 
John C. Breckenridge, it is quite 
probable that he would have been 
elected and the country saved from 
the disasters of Civil War. He 
would have made a grand Presi- 
dent, being a man of affairs, an 

advocate of material progress, and 
a believer in the final overthrow 
of all that is visionary and 

Mr. Guthrie steadfastly held the 
attitude of a conversative Unionist, 
during the Civil War. He fully ai i- 
preciated the magnitude of the 
struggle, which he sought to pre- 
vent, and was frequently called 
into consultation upon public mat- 
ters by President Lincoln who had 
offered him the Secretaryship of 
War in his Cabinet as originally 

Mr. Guthrie was elected to the 
Senate of the United States, tak- 
ing his seat in that body March 4th, 
1865. He served as Senator a little 
more than three years, when, owing 
to poor health, he resigned his seat, 
returned to Louisville, spent his 
closing days in quietude among the 
people he dearly loved, and died at 
his residence in that city March 
13th, 1869. As a Senator Mr. 
Guthrie was held in great esteem 
by his colleagues without regard to 
party, and was considered one of 
the basest advisers of President 
Johnson during the bitter conflicts 
that occurred between that Chief 
Magistrate and his antagonists in 
Congress over the measures of * 're- 
construction" which, between 1865 
and 1868, greatly disturbed the 

Thus ended the -'career of a great 
Kentuckian. It is an interesting 
incident that hia birth was coeval 
with the admission of Kentucky 
into the Federal Union in 1792. 
The period of his public activities 
from 1820 to 1869 waa replete with 
notable events. It was distinguish- 
ed also by the appearance of an 

Register of the Kentucky State Hietcricai Society. 


unusual number of remarkable 
men in the history of the State — 
men whose fame became national 
and whose services are now his- 
toric. It was a time of strong 
political rivalries inspired by 
great personal ambitions. Mr. 
Guthrie was continuously one of 
the prominent figures of that 
period. His personality, however, 
was dijfferent from that of his 
great contemporaries in both tem- 
perament and method. Whilst 
Olay and Qrittenden, the More- 
heads and Marehalls were winning 
renown by the brilliancy of their 
powers and the devices of their 
eloquence, Mr. Guthrie, without the 
finish of the schools, without the 
advantages of wealth, and without 
those gifts of intellect which 

charm the multitude, was pushing 
his way to the front by hard work 
at the bar, and by straightfor- 
ward, unostentatious deportment 
in business. He always mastered 
what he undertook. He knew his 
cases thoroughly. He controlled 
juries by the simplicity of his 
speech. He influenced courts by 
unvarnished statements of law and 
evidence. His, in fact, was the 
eloquence of truth. He gained 
public confidence by the fidelity 
with which he discharged every 
trust, and finally laid down his 
work as a completed task well done 
in behalf of the Commonwealth 
which had affectionately honored 
him, and by which his name will be 
cherished for many generations to 








Zachariah Frederick Smith 

The life of Henry Clay possesses 
an interest more individual, sug- 
gestive and unique than that of any 
other Anlerican statesman. His 
biography in detail might be read 
and studied as a resume of the po- 
litical history of our Government, 
for his era. During the half cen- 
tury of his public career, he was the 
recognized leader of forces, the ex-' 
ponent and director of policies, and 
the master of debate in advocacy 
and defense of measures — ^the man 
at the helm, steering the Ship of 
State through the rocks and reefs of 
experimental transition, to consti- 
tutional order and stability. He 
moved from Virginia and located 
at Lexington, Kentucky, in 1797, at 
the age of twenty years. He had 
barely passed his majority when he 
acquired local fame for those foren- 
sic powers for which he became uni- 
versally distinguished.^ The stormy 
protest against the Alien and Sedi- 
tion Acts of the Federal party in 
power, and the angry cry for States 
Rights, as set forth in the Ken- 
tucky Resolution of 1798, gave oc- 
casion for a display, before great 
audiences of the people, of elo- 
quence such as they had not before 
heard. The next year, in the elec- 
tion of delegates to frame a new 
constitution for Kentucky, he as 
boldly -and eloquently advocated a 

provision in the new instrument for 
the extirpation of slavery in the 
State, in the face of an overpower- 
ing opposition. At the bar and in 
the Legislature to which he was 
elected in 1803, he added laurels to 
his reputation as an orator, and as a 
leader of men and of measures. 

In 1806, Mr. Clay, though he 
lacked at the time three months of 
the eligible age, was elected to 
the United States Senate, to fill out 
an unexpired term ; yet no objection 
made to his taking his seat is of rec- 
ord. For almost half a century he 
shared the responsibilities of gov- 
ernment with the eminent survivors 
of the Revolution and with later dis- 
tinguished contemporaries. It was 
the pride and boast of the ancient 
Greeks that, within the third and 
fourth centuries of the Christian 
era, the golden age of their intel- 
lectual development, their country 
produced seventeen men who were 
the world's masters in philosophy, 
in oratory, in science, and in fine 
art. Our own country can claim that 
in Washington, Lee, Adams, Ham- 
ilton, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, 
Henry, Marshall, Mason, Pendleton, 
Wythe, Webster, Oalhonn, Jackson, 
Benton and Henry Clay, in the 
golden age of intellectual develop- 
ment in America, she, in a single 
generation, produced seventeen 


Register of the Kentucky 8ute HIttorlcal Society. 

men, not so academic, but as great 
as the Greek masters in oratory; 
and as much greater in statesman- 
ship, and in political and judicial 
science, as were the latter in schol- 
astic philosophy and fine art. 
Among these men of genius pre- 
eminently great in history, Henry 
Clay was conspicuous for his part in 
adjusting, without a precedent for 
guidance, the constitutional func- 
tions of government. 

Some of the national events of 
his public career, in which his name 
appears most prominent as leader 
and promoter, are engraved on a 
gold medal presented him by the 
citizens of New York: 

Senator, 1806; Speaker of the 
House, 1811; War with Engjand, 
1812; Treaty with Ghent, 1814; 
Spanish America, 1821; Missouri. 
Compromise, 1821; American Sys- 
tem, 1824; Greek Independence, 
1824; Secretary of State, 1825; 
Panama Instructions, 1826; Tariff 
Compromise, 1833; Public Domain 
and Internal Improvement, 1833; 
Peace with France Preserved, 1835 ; 
Compromise Measure, 1850. 

On these and other questions of 
national policy he performed no in- 
ferior or obscure part. *'From the 
day he entered the public service to 
the close of his career, he was never 
a follower, but always the most con- 
spicuous, leader,'* said Senator 

Henry Clay was bom April 12, 
1777, in Hanover county, Virginia. 
His parents were Reverend John 
and Elizabeth Hudson Clay, the lat- 
ter the younger of two daughters of 
George and Elizabeth Jennings 
Hudson, of English descent, and 

also of Hanover county. Elizabeth 
Hudson married Reverend John 
Clay in 1765, at the age of fifteen 
years, and bore him nine children to 
the time of his death in 1781; only 
three of whom, John, Henry and 
Porter Clay lived to manhood age. 
In 1784 she married Henry Wat- 
kins, to whom she bore seven other 
children, sixteen in all. The im- 
pression made upon the public mind 
by historians and biographers that 
Henry Clay was bom of lowly and 
obscure parentage, and that his 
youthful life was cast in an en- 
vironment of poverty and toil, is 
most erroneous and unjust. The 
true story corrects this, as told in 
the recent **Filson Club Publica- 
tion,*' No. 14, of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, entitled **The Clay Family; 
Part .First, The Mother of Henry 
Clay; Part Second, The Genealogy 
of the Clays, 1899.'' The informa- 
tion of this book is derived from 
authentic records in the possession 
of the grandchildren of Henry 
Clay, from genealogical records of 
the Clay families, and from per- 
sonal records of intimate friends of 
the century past. The numerous 
branches of the Clays of Virginia, 
Kentucky and Alabama and other 
states. South and West, trace back 
three hundred years, to a common 
ancestor. Sir John Clay of Wales. 
His son, John Clay, immigrated to 
Virginia, and located at Charles 
City, in 1613, with a credit of ten 
thousand pounds advanced by his 
father. He was a captain in the 
Kiing's service, and known as 
**The English Grenadier." 

In the line of descent were 
Charles Clay, the son of Captain 

Register of the Kentucky State Hletorical Society. 


John; Henry Clay, the son of 
Charles; John Clay, the son of 
Henry; Reverend John Clay, the 
son ot John, and Henry the Lfreat, 
the son of iJeverend John. From 
the divergent families for three 
centuries, there has been no genera- 
tion in which the Clay family wa» 
not represented in high public posi- 
tions, such as senators and repre- 
sentatives in Congress, ambassa- 
dors abroad, diplomatic conmiis- 
sioners, cabinet officers, chief jus^ 
tices and others of honor and trust. 
No family of America has been 
more prolific of eminent public men. 
*'A goodly number of them have 
filled positions of honor, who would 
shine more brightly in reputation 
but for the eclipsing rays of the 
Gieat Commoner/' The Reverend 
John Clay, the father of Henry, is 
known to history as a minister of 
the Baptist church and a citizen of 
estimable character, and much dig- 
nity of deportment, but of only local 
reputation. It is said of him that 
he was ** remarkable for his fine 
voice and delivery.*' He lived in 
the vears of revolutionary disor- 
ders,' not a favorable environment 
for the civilian to achieve fame. He 
died in 1781, one year before the 
close of hostilities. Of the broth- 
ers of Henry Clay, Porter waa 
Auditor of Kentucky in 1822. He 
became also an able minister of the 
Baptist church, and evangelized 
throughout the then frontier set- 
tlements of Missouri, Illinois and 
Arkansas. At Camden, Arkansas, 
he died, lamented, in 1850. He is 
said to have preached the first Prot- 
estant sermon west of the Missis- 
sippi river. Of his brother John 
we know but little, except that he 

was a business man of New Orleans, 
where he married «and died. 

Of heredity on the maternal side 
little or nothing was known, until 
the recent Filson Olub Publication, 
mentioned. Of the many biogra- 
phies and histories of the life of 
rienry Clay, the large majority 
make no record of even the name of 
the woman who gave him birth and 
early rearing ; while a few but men- 
tion her name, and the names of her 
parents. Thus the study of this 
source of the origin and outgrowth 
of a great character of history has 
been neglected by omission. 

In this instance it is interesting 
and important; the father died 
when the child, Henry, was but four 
years of age, and to the noble moth- 
er was left the beginning and fash- 
ioning of the son to become illus- 
trious. Left an orphan and widow 
herself, with three infant children, 
and two large plantations, and some 
thirty slaves to manage, she met 
the task bravely amid the disasters 
and wreckage of war, not unlike 
that experienced by the Southern 
people in the late Civil War. In her 
extremity, a detachment of Tarle- 
ton's Troopers raided her dwelling 
premises, broke in pieces her furni- 
ture, ransacked her bureaus and 
closets for valuables, and cut open 
her feather-ticks and threw them 
out of the windows. They did their 
devilish work under a torrent of in- 
dignant scorn and invective from 
the spirited woman who knew no 
fear in defense of outraged rights. 
She only wept as she beheld an offi- 
cer, on the departure of the troop- 
ers, throw across his saddle and 
mount upon her wedding gown of 
rare make, and ride away with the 


Regfttei' of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

priceless memento, a bridal souve- 
nir she had treasured with the pride 
and jileasure of a loving wife. Soon 
after Tarleton rode up, dismounted 
and came in. He attempted apology 
under the merciless fire of the an- 
gry woman's tongue, and against 
her protest, offered indemnity for 
the damages done. Finding her ob- 
stinate, he finally poured out a pile 
of money upon a table and depart- 
ed. When he was out of sight she 
raked the money in her apron and 
threw it into the fire, exclaiming 
that **No British gold in her hands 
should ever atone for British out- 
rage and insult. ' * 

The widow Clay afterward mar- 
ried Henry Wiatkins, ten years her 
junior. They moved to Kentucky 
in 1792, and settled in Versailles, 
where they conducted a hostelry, 
famous as a typical tavern stand of 
that day. She led a busy, energetic 
life within the domestic sphere of 
pioneer days, and with unfailing 
cheerfulness and courage, met all 
emergencies. Her removal to Ken- 
tucky no doubt decided her devot- 
ed son, Henry, to follow five years 
later, and to locate at Lexington, 
but thirteen miles away. The 
ardent mutual affection displayed 
through life between mother and 
son was beautiful in the characters 
of both. Some years after her 
death, he had her remains removed 
from a country burying ground and 
re-interred in his own lot in the 
cemetery of Lexington, erecting at 
his own expense an imposing mon- 
ument, on which he ordered the fol- 
lowing inscription to her memory: 




BORN 1750 ; DIED 1829. 


As represented in the recorded 
reminiscences of aged persons who 
were neighbors and intimate 
friends, the mother of Henry Glay 
was a woman of rare personal at- 
tractions. Her comely head and 
luminous countenance ' indicated 
great vigor of mind, which ex- 
pressed itself in an ardent and sym- 
pathetic temperament. Her well 
rounded and shapely person, of me- 
dium stature, betrayed unusual en- 
ergy and endurance. 

She unconsciously asserted much 
of that imperiousness of will -which 
was a distinguishing trait of her il- 
lustrious son. Her individualitv 
was striking. She spoke with au- 
thority, yet always with respect and 
kindness to others. Her ministriesi 
of benevolence which were unceas- 
ing, made her almost venerated by 
neighbors and friends. In her home 
life she was hospitable and kind. 
She was bom of gentle blood, of the 
old Virginia colonial stock. Her 
parents, George and Elizabeth Jen- 
nings Hudson, and her grand- 
parents, John and Elizabeth Har- 
ris Hudson, back into the seven- 
teenth century, were of what was 
called under the king's rule, the 
** gentry,*' and were possessed of 


Register of the Kentucky 8Ute HIetorieal SocHtr« 



lands and slaves, ample to enable 
them to live in the pretentious 
style indulged in by our forefath- 
ers, of powdered wigs, silk stock- 
ings and knee buckles of silver and 
gold. On both the paternal and 
maternal sides, the heredity of Hen- 
ry Clay was as good as the best; 
yes, Nature was in a lavish mood 
when the child of Genius was bom 
into the world. 

As to the environment of poverty 
and toil, and sore want, in the days 
of his childhood and youth, the 
stories told are mainly apocryphal. 
We have before us the will of 
George Hudson, the father of Mrs. 
John Clay, probated in 1773, be- 
queathing to his widow and two 
children his homestead plantation 
and thirty slaves, besides other 
lands and personalty. One-half 
of all went to Mrs. John Clay at 
the death of her mother, in 1781. 

We have also the will of Reverend 
John Clay, probated in 1782, which 
bequeathed to his widow and chil- 
dren two well stocked plantations, 
twenty negroes named and allot- 
ted, and other negroes unnamed to 
be equally allotted, besides other 
personal property. With other evi- 
dences, these documents attest that, 
in the childhood years of Henry, 
the Clay family was possessed of 
sufficient estate to enable the mem- 
bers to live in comfort; this was 
later reduced by the disorders of 
the times. It is a curious incident 
unexplained, that in all formal pro- 
ceedings, and in the court records 
connected with these wills, the 
father of Henry Clay is always ad- 
dressed or mentioned as ^ ' Sir John 

Clay, ' ' the title of the old ancestor, 
''Sir John,'' of Wales. 

To the age of fourteen, Henry 
Clay received such instruction in 
elementary studies as the typical 
country school afforded. 

His worthy stepfather, Captain 
Watkins, obtained for him a posi- 
tion in the store of Richard Penny 
in Richmond. His exceptional fidel- 
ity and diligence led a year later to 
his appointment as a subordinate 
in the office of the High Oburt of 
Chancery, of which Peter Tinsley 
was chief clerk. Those eminent 
jurists of historic note, Edmund 
Pendleton and George Wythe, were 
then chancellors of the court. The 
neat, lesrible and accurate penman- 
ship of the youth, together with hrs 
engaging and courteous address, 
won the attention of Judge Wytlie, 
the preceptor in law of John Mar- 
shall, Jefferson and other eminent 
men. Henry Clay became amanu- 
ensis for him. A mutual intimacy 
grew into mutual interest. The 
fatherly and friendly coimseland 
favors of Judge Wythe decided the 
young man to study law under 
Jud^e Brooke, Attomey-Gteneral 
of Virginia. At the age of twenty 
years he received his license to 
practice, and soon after followed 
his mother to Kentucky. Henry 
Clay had little or none of academic 
culture; but he was a diligent and 
apt student in the school of experi- 
ence and of character-lessons, 
where he learned much that was 
serviceable. The most letamed men 
in legal science in Virginia were Ms 
tutors and daily monitors, while il- 
lustrious statesmen, such as Jeffer- 


Register of the Kentucky State HUtoricaf Society. 

son, Madison, Monroe, Mason, Pat- 
rick Henry of liis own county, Han- 
over and others as great, were his 
most constant and familiar ideals. 
The youthful genius of Henry Clay 
blossomed in the Garden of the 

That Henry Clay was preem- 
inently a great man, is not ques- 
tioned, but what were the qualities 
and measure of that greatness 
which placed him a conspicuous 
figure in the front rank of the few 
preeminently great characters of 
history? No man has been endow- 
ed, or can be endowed, with a 
wealth of attributes to make him 
greatest in all things above his fel- 
lows. The genius of Heny Clay 
bad its limitations. But, in the 
gift of true oratory that moved the 
souls of men, in comprehensive 
and prophetic vision of statesman- 
ship, in diplomacy to adjust foreign 
relations, in advocacy of national 
measures of importance, and in the 
mastery and control of men and 
political parties to accomplish 
ends, he contests with peers in 
America, and no less with peers of 
the ancient and modem world, for 
the honors of the title Primus inter 
Pares. For a just and impartial 
view of the great man of history, 
we would inquire and know in what 
estimation his name and fame were 
held, when death, on June 29, 1852, 
at Washington, closed his long^ and 
brilliant career. The enthusiasm 
of friends was then chastened, and 
the animosities of enemies were 
subdued, in the pervading grief of 
the nation. 

On the first of July his remains 
were borne to the Senate Chamber, 
where were assembled Congress- 

men, the President and Qabinet, 
ambassadors from foreign coun- 
tries, officers of the army and navy, 
and of the civic authorities, to pay 
fitting tribute to the memory of the 
deceased. In the many addresses 
at the Capitol, and throughout the 
States, upon the mournful occasion^ 
we have a chapter of monumental 
eloquence unsurpassed in the 
elegiac literature of the English 
language. Tributes were paid by 
orators and statesmen of more than 
national repute. The deep grief of 
our own coimtrymen, reflected in 
the sjonpathetic grief of the friends 
of liberty and democracy through- 
out the world, bears witness to the 
veneration in which Henry Clay 
was held by his contemporaries. As 
said by one orator: **The tidings 
of his death, borne with electric 
speed, have opened up the foun- 
tains of sorrow. Every city, town, 
village and hamlet wiU be clothed 
in mourning. Alon^ the extended 
coast, the commercial and naval 
marines, with flags drooping at 
half-mast, own the bereavements 
State-houses draped in black, amid 
the sounds of minute-guns and toll- 
ing bells, proclaim the extinguish- 
ment of one of the great lights of 
the Senate; for amid the greatest 
of our race, he was always an 
equal. The nation's lament is a 
fitting requiem for the illustrious 
dead.*' And another in a distant 
State Capital: **The whole people 
rose up to pay such honors to his 
memory, as had never been accord- 
ed to any other statesman of this 
country.'' The remains were borne 
in state to Kentucky. As the fun- 
eral cortege passed through Balti- 
more, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Cin- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


cinnati, and other cities and towns, 
the people assembled in thousands 
to give expression to their venera- 
tion in words of lament, and often 
in tears. 

The name of Henry Clay was 
treasured in the gratitude and 
affections of oppressed foreign 
people, whom he had befriended in 
the days of their struggle for free- 
dom. His speeches of glowing elo- 
quence, in plea for recognition of 
independence for the Greeks in re- 
volt against Turkish tyranny, and 
for Mexico and the South Anaer- 
ican provinces in revolt against 
Spanish misrule, had been read to 
the insurgent soldiers in their 
camps, and cheered to the echo. Ad- 
dresses of thanks had been voted 
and ordered sent to him, by the 
authorities of these young govern- 
ments, recognizing him as the 
champion of liberty and self-rule 
for all peoples tiiroughout the 
world. When tidings of the death 
of their friend and benefactor were 
borne to them on the shores of the 
Hellespont, in Mexico, and* on the 
slopes of the Alndes, flags were 
again at half mast, and minute- 
guns and tolling bells gave token 
that the grief of our own nation 
found response in world-wide sor- 
rows. No higher evidence of dis- 
tinctive greatness was ever bestow- 
ed on any character of history. 

Again, we are interested to know 
in what light, and in what measure 
of preeminence, the great tribune 
of the people was viewed by his 
colleagues in the councils of the 
nation. In the words of Senator 
Underwood of Kentucky, **By his 
death our country has lost one of 
its most eminent citizens ; and as I 

believe, its greatest statesman. No 
man was ever blessed by his Cre- 
ator with faculties of a higher order 
of excellence than those given to 
Henry Clay.'* 

By Senator Cass of the oppos- 
sition party: '*He belonged to his 
country, and has taken prominent 
part both in peace and war, in all 
the questions affecting its interest 
and its honor, I believe he was as 
pure a statesman as ever partici- 
pated in the councils of a nation. 
That he exercised a powerful in- 
fluence throughout the whole coun- 
try, we all feel and know, as we 
know the eminent endowments to 
which he owed this high distinc- 
tion.'* By Senator Hunter: **He 
had beyond any man known to me 
the true mesmeric touch of the ora- 
tor — the rare art of transferring 
his impulses to others. Thoughts, 
feelings, emotions, radiant and 
glowing, came from the ready 
mould of his genius, and commun- 
icated their own warmth to every 
heart that received them. His was 
the gift of wielding the higher and 
intenser powers of passion, with a 
majesty of ease which none but the 
great masters of the human heart 
can employ.*' 

By Senator Seward: **His per- 
sonal endowments were the ele- 
ments of the success of that ex- 
traordinary man. He was indeed 
eloquent ; all the world knows that. 
He held the key to the hearts of 
his countrymen, and he turned the 
wards with a skill attained by no 
other man. But eloquence was 
only an instrument, and one of 
many that he used. His conversa- 
tio n, hi s gestures, his very look, 
were persuasive, irresistible. De- 


Register of the Kentiicfcy State Historical Society. 

feat only inspired him with new 
resolution. He divided opposition 
by the 'assiduity of address; while 
he rallied and strengthened his 
own ranks of supporters by the 
confidence of success which, feeling 
himself, he inspired among his f ol« 
lowers. His affections were pure 
and generous ; and chief est was his 
love of native country, which ren- 
dered him more impartial between 
conflicting interests and sections 
than any other st;atesman who has 
lived since the Revolution, With 
versatile talents, and the most 
catholic equality of favor, he iden- 
tified every question, whether of 
domestic administration or foreign 
policy, with his own great name, 
and so became a perpetual tribune 
of the people. He converted this 
branch of the Legislature from a 
negative position, or one of equi- 
librium between the Executive and 
the House of Representatives, into 
the active ruling power of the Re- 
public. ' ' 

By John C. Breckinridge, of the 
opposition^ representing the Ash- 
land District of Kentuc&^, and like 
Mr. Clay, an eminent orator, 
statesman, and leader of his party : 
**As leader in a deliberative body, 
Henry Clay had no equal in Amer- 

ica. In him intellect, person^ elo- 
quence and courage united to form 
a character fit to command. He 
fixed with enthusiasm, and control- 
ed with his amazing will, individ- 
uals and masses. No reverse could 
subdue his spirit, nor defeat reduce 
him to despair. In his long and 
eventful life, he came in contact 
with men of all ranks and profes- 
sions ; but he never felt that he was 
in the presence of a superior. In 
the assemblies of the people, at the 
bar, in the Senate, everywhere 
within the circle of his personal 
presence, he maintained a position 
of preeminence. ' ' 

These are only a few impressions 
of the many notable contempora- 
ries of Henry Clay, who paid trib- 
ute to him on the occasion of his 
death ; but all are of the same tenor, 
and many in terms far more eulo- 
gistic. A common sentiment was 
that, in the endowment of intuitive 
genius, which, though but human, 
IS nearest akin to inspiration, as 
orator and statesman, and as lead- 
er of men and forces in the advo- 
cacy of public measures, Henry 
Clay was the peer of the greatest 
in American history, and as well in 
the world's history, ancient and 

Register of the Kentucky State H^ttoricai Society. 



April 4th, 1911. 

Hon. Z. F. Smith, 
Dear Sir: — 

I have read the notice, of the last 
meeting of the Filson Olub, and as 
you have expressed at all times an 
interest in the Clay family, I am 
sending you a few extracts from 
a letter written by Henry Clay's 
brother, Porter Clay, and publish- 
ed in the New York Tribune many 
years ago. 

From my earliest youth I had 
heard this same account, given by 
older members of the family, but 
it was not until a few months ago, 
that I came across the published 
letter of Porter Clay and the in- 
teresting detidls contained therein, 
which he states as a fact and not 
family tradition. This same €tc- 
count of the Clay family was also 
given to the late Hon. Cassius M. 
Clay, as stated in a letter from 
him to one of my brothers, some 
years ago. And this is the account 
I have sent with a sketchy of my 
father, to the Lewis Publishing Co., 
to be used in a history of Kentucky. 

You who wrote such an interest- 
ing and valuable account of my 
great grandmother, Elizabeth Hud- 
son Clay, may be interested in 
knowing that the Hon. Francis Bur- 
ton Harrison is descended from 
this same family of Hudsons. Ac- 
cording to their account, Ann Hud- 
son, a sister of Elizabeth Hudson, 
married Captain Isaac Burton, one 
o£ the founders of the town^ of 
Lvnchburg, Va. In a book recently 

published, entitled, ' * The Harrisons 
of Skimino,*' sent to me by the 
Hon. Francis Burton Harrison, is 
an interesting account of Ann Hud- 
son's daughter, who married Sam- 
uel Jordan Harrison. 

With Porter Clay's account of 
the Clay family, I will send a little 
sketch of his life. The Rev. Mr. 
Stackhouse, of the Baptist Church, 
said of him a short tune ago, that 
a monument should be erected to 
him, as he was the most godly man 
he had ever heard of. 

Hoping that you are well, and 
thanking you for the great interest 
you have shown in Grandfather 
Clay and his mother, 
I am 

Sincerely your friend, 

LuoBBTiiL H. Clay. 

P. S. — ^The mistake which has 
always been made in regard to my 
grandfather, is that people have 
never taken into consideration the 
conditions existing in Virginia 
when he began life. We know that 
a hostile army destroyed every- 
thing in that part of Virginia in 
which he lived. The slaves were 
taken away from their masters, the 
live stock driven off, and even 
household furniture destroyed. In 
fact, the conditions were similar to 
those existing throughout the 
South after the Civil War, and 
Henry Clay had to make his own 
way in the world, just as himdreds 
and thousands of Southern boys 
were forced to do after the Civil 
War.— L. H. O. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


In a letter written to a friend in 
Franklin county, Maine, March 
30th, 1848, and published in the 
New York Tribune, May, 1859, he 

**Your wishes to know some- 
thing about the history of our 
family could not be gratified within 
the limits of a letter. The follow- 
ing concise account must suffice: 
Among those who came over to the 
Virginia plantations, were three 
brothers, sons of Sir John Olay, of 
Wales, England, who gave them 
ten thousand pounds (fifty thou- 
sand dollars) each. Their names 
were Charles, Thomas and Henry. 
They settled on James River near 
Jamestown. Two of them, Charles 
and Thomas had large families. 
Henry had no children. The name 
Henry has been handed down in 
both branches of the family with 
great tenacity ever since. 

Cassius M. Clay (of whom you 
have doubtless heard, for he made 
considerable stir in the East during 
the last Presidential canvass) is a 
descendant of Charles Clay ; Henry 
and myself of Thomas day. Thus 
the two brothers alluded to are the 
progenitors of all the Clays in the 
United States. My father as you 
have heard, was a clergyman of the 
Baptist denomination. He died in 
early life, leaving seven children 
— ^four sons and three daughters, 
all of whom died without children 
with the exception of Henry and 

^^Our father had one brother, 
Edward Clay, who married at an 

early period of life, and moved to 
South Carolina, where he raised a 
large family, I think thirteen chil- 
dren. Judge CJay of whom you 
speak, was one of them. He studied 
law, became eminent in his profes- 
sion, was appointed a judge; not 
long afterwards was converted — 
was ordained an Evangelist, and 
was called to the care of the Bap- 
tist Church in Bos»ton, previously 
under the care of Dr. Stilhnan. He, 
however, was soon removed from 
the scene of his labor to the church 
triumphant. ' * 

PoBTEB Clay, Bbotheb of Hej^^ry 


Porter. Clay was in early life a 
lawyer, practicing his profession in 
the town of Versailles, Kentucky. 
In or about 1816, Governor Gabriel 
Slaughter appointed him Auditor 
of Public Accounts for the State, 
with a salary of $3,000 which 
office he held for fourteen years. 
Later in life he became a Baptist 
minister and was an Evangelist 
of note, preaching the Gospel of 
Christ, as some one said of him, 
^'with his old time tenderness and 
power.** He died in 1850, as his 
great brother wrote, ^^In the full 
enjoyment of the Christian hope.*' 

In his published letter, he says 
of himself, among other things, 
*^With regard to myself, I will 
merely say I have been all my 
life a child of God's peculiar 
providence, etc., etc. In early 

Register of the Kentucky SUte Historical Society. 


life I married an amiable lady, 
by whom I had six children, three 
of each sex, who are now all dead. 
I buried the last, a son, two years 
after my visit to the East. My 
second daughter married a full 
cousin of General Zachary Taylor. 
She has left me two grand chil- 
dren — a son and a daughter. They 

are residing with their father in 
St. Louis, Mo. My grandson was 
a soldier with Col. Doniphan, in 
his three thouaiand mile campaign 
in Mexico, Tosing only one man at 
the battle of Sacramento. ' ' After 
the death of my first wife, I mar« 
ried the widow of General Martin 
D. Hardin, etc., etc. 


(By W. H. Bartholomew) 

John XIV:l-3; Thessl. IV:14-18; 
Eev. XIV :13; Rev. XXTT;14 
were read, after which the follow- 
ing trioute to the memory of 
Brother Smith was feelingly paid 
by his warm friend and loyal co- 

* ' My brethren and friends, we are 
here this afternoon to pay our 
affectionate respect to the mem- 
ory, and our appreciation of the 
life and work of Brother Smith, 
our staunch friend and loyal co- 
worker. A prince and a great 
man has fallen. His ripeness of 
experience and his richness of 
service have endeared him to his 
brethren and fellow-citizens. 

He possessed in an unusual de- 
gree, intellectual and moral en- 
dowments, and these he cultivated 
to a very high degree. His serv- 
ices to the State were conscient- 
iously and unstintingly rendered, 
and in the various positions which 
he filled his identity disappeared 
that he might present the cause 
for which he plead upon its own 
merits. Personal ease and per- 
sonal advantage were eliminated 

from every effort which he put 
forth. TMs was especially true 
at the time he assumed the duties 
of the responsible position of 
State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction. Out of chaos he 
brought forth system, and out of 
disorder, that of order, whatever 
has come to the State, education- 
ally through organization and 
progress efficiency, was inaugu- 
rated by him, and for this his fel- 
low citizens owe him a debt of 

Perhaps no man was better 
versed in the history of the State 
than he. His History of Ken- 
tucky is a model of style and ac- 
curacy, and it is the consensus of 
opinion that it is the best history 
of the State that has thus far ap- 

Brother Smith was an inde- 
fatigable worker and omnivorous 
reader, especially was this true 
when discussing or writing upon 
any theme. No work was too dif- 
ficult when truth and facts were 
the object of search. He had an 
abiding faith in the supremacy of 


Roglttar of the Kentucky SUtt Historical Society. 

truth, right and justice, because 
these were the expressions of the 
Divine will, these constituted the 
foundation upon which he always 
builded his arguments, therefore 
they were always forceful and 

BiUt, while our brother has 
wrought out much for the benefit 
of this world, the splendor of his 
character shines forth as a Chris- 
tian gentleman. His ideals o{ 
life and siervice were inwrought 
with those Divine precepts en- 
forced by the Scriptures of Jesus 

His loyalty to Christ and His 
word was characteristic of him in 
all his dealings with mankind. At 
the age of twenty-five he was call- 
ed to the responsible position of 
an elder, which position he held 
at the time of his death. This 
position he filled with remarkable 
faithfulness, frequently miniBter- 
ing to the congregation of which 
he was a member, and always to 
growth in Christian life. The in- 

fluence of his Christian service 
will exiert itself in the hearts and 
lives of men and women in the 
years to come. So he lived and so 
he died. 

His bright anticipations of a 
blfessed immortality beyond the 
grave are now fully realized, and 
he knows what it is to be in that 
beautiful country, the splendor and 
purity of which cannot be express^ 
ed in human language. 

Brother Smith has left his 
honors to the world, and his re- 
deemed spiritual nature to God. 

My brethren, I close this aflfec- 
tionate tribute to my friend and 
brother by using the touching 
words of Mrs. Barbauld. 

Life, we've been long together 

Through pleasant and through cloudy 

'Tis hard to part when friends are dear; 
Perhaps 'twill cost a sigh, a tear: 

Then steal away, give little warning. 

Choose thine own time; 

Say not "good night," but in some brighter 

Bid me "good morning." 

Patriotic Songs of All Nations 




(By Ella Hutchinson EUwanger) 

There are few people so unpa- 
triotic as not to be stirred by] 
some song or story of their native 
land. If one day more than an- 
other brings to mind the patriotic 
songs of our own free America it 
is the ** Glorious Fourth/' 

When the order was given to 
Eobert Charles, of London, to cast 
a new bell for the State House of 
Pennsylvania, and to contain in 
well shaped letters around it, the 

"By order of the Province of Penn- 
sylvania, for the State House in the 
city of Philadelphia, 1752." 

A order was also given to 
place underneath this the fateful 
and prophetic words from Levit- 
icus XXV, 10: 

"Proclaim liberty throughout the land 
and to all the inhabitants thereof." 

We hold but lightly the wonder- 
ful possession handed to us from 
a former generation. We are apt 
to forget the sacrifices our fore- 
fathers made that we may enjoy 
the priceless blessings of liberty. 
So let us pause and ponder upon 
the reason why we celebrate the 
*^ Glorious Fourth '* in the United 
States of America. 

"Let US gather the fragments that nothing 

be lost, 
To show the next ages what liberty cost." 

Let our glorious flag speak to 
us of more than mere possession. 
Let it speak to us of duty done 
through toil, through sickness, 
privation and death. Eeverence 
it next to your God, for there is no 

other standard for which so many 
men fought and died ; for which so 
many women suffered privation 
and widowhood. 

The old saying: ^*Let me make 
a nation's songs and I care not 
who makes her laws,'' has been 
quoted over-much, and yet, when 
one comes to think of it, what law 
could ever make a man do what a 
simple song of country has done? 
Small wonder that to the strains 
of *^ America," or to the **Star 
Spangled Banner," men have 
marched to the very jaws of death 
— yea, and entered in. Of all the 
songs written and sung no other 
country has written them because 
they must. The national anthems 
of our dearly beloved and dearly 
bought America have all been 
written under stress of circum- 
stances that could have sprung 
from nothing save an inspired 
breast. Our national anthem has 
for many years been an agitated 
question. Opinion is about equally 
divided between the ''Star Span- 
gled Banner," and ''America." 
Several years ago the secretary of 
the navy decreed that the stirrins: 
tune associated with Francis 
Scott Key's poem should be play- 
ed as our national air by naval 
bands. The army had recognized 
it as such long before. 

The tune of "America" is state- 
ly enough to be beloved of such 
musicians as Beethovan and 
Weber. It really is that of "God 
Save the King." Its authorship 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

has been disputed but it was 
probably written by Samuel Fran- 
cis! Smith. 

The most popular of our nation- 
al anthems is, however, **The Star 
Spangled Banner," and there is 
not a school boy in America who 
can refrain from yelling himself 
hoarse when the band plays this 
air and the ragged street arabs 
yell and throw up their caps when 
an old organ grinder reels it out 
from his battered music box. 

It was written by Francis Scott 
Key, while a prisoner on board 
an English vessel that rode at 
anchor off Fort McHenry near 

(The Brittish general, Boss, had 
boasted that the Americans would 
yield in a few hours. After pac- 
ing the deck all that night in sus- 
pense for the fate that hung over 
his comrades that immortal song 
was bom in Kfey's brain in the bat- 
tle's stress and storm. 

Next day, ^*by the dawn's early 
light," Key saw the glorious flag 
of his country still flying from the 
fort. There in the gray dawn he 
wrote the words that make the 
throat of all loyal Americans ache 
with a laudable desire to cry when- 
ever they hear it. 

There are three national an- 
thems that never fail to stir the 
pulse and warm the blood— the 
'* Marseillaise," the ** Watch on 
the Bhine'* and the aforemention- 
ed **Star Spangled Banner.'' All 
three are chants of defiance to 
tyranny and oppression and were 
written in the hour of a nation's 

Francis Scott Key was a young 
lawyer of Georgetown and had 
rowed out to the British fleet and 
there was taken prisoner. He 
wrote the words that will never 
die on the back of an old envelope 
and never dreamed of fame. 
Jamee Lick, the California mil- 
lionaire, gave $150,000 for the 
erection of a handsome monument 
to Key in San Francisco. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes wrote the final 
verse for the **Star Spangled Ban- 
ner. ' ' 

** America" was written by a 
Baptist minister by the name of 
Samuel Francis Smith, of Massa- 
chusetts. He had written many 
other songs and hymns but noth- 
ing ever equalled his *^ America." 
Edward Everett Hale has told the 
story of how he was walking down 
Park street as a boy of ten, and 
followed the crowd into an old 
church on the Fourth of July 
when he heard the song of ^* Amer- 
ica" for the first time. It became 
very popular during the Civil War 
and will always dispute preemi- 
nence with the '*Star Spangled 
Banner" as the national air. 

^*Hail Columbia" was written 
by Joseph Hopkinson, LL. D., the 
son of Francis Hopkinson, author 
of the *' Battle of the Kegs." 
Previous to this he had little 
claim to be regarded as a poet, 
but his *'Hail Columbia" brought 
him instant fame. It was written 
in the summer when war with 
France was thought to be inevit- 
able. The contest between Eng- 
land and France was raging: and 
the people of these United States 
were divided into parties for one 

Regltter of tho Kentucky Stata Hlatoriciil Society, 


side or the other. Every school 
lad and lassie knows his or her 
**Hail Columbia,** beginning: 

"Hail Columbia! Happy Land! 

Hail ye heroes, heayen-bom band." 

''Yankle Doodle** is and always 
will be popular, but it is undig- 
nified and of the ** ragtime** vari- 
ety of national songs. 

*^ Dixie** was written by Daniel 
D. Emmett, who lived in Mt. Ver- 
non, Ohio, and never was South. 
The Civil War itself, without the 
incentive of a prize, produced a 
plentiful crop of patriotic songs. 
Chief among them was *' Dixie** 
and. is popular despite the fact 
that it is also ragtime. It was 
written by Emmett for some min- 
strels and was first sung in New 
York City in 1859. 

Of all the songs produced dur- 
ing the war of Secession only two 
deserve to be called poetry. 
'* Maryland, My Maryland,** was 
regarded as the finest poem the 
war has produced, and this, also, 
has received the critical approval 
of Lowell. The author was a pro- 
fessor of English literature in a 
school near New Orleans, when 
he read of the attack on the Union 
soldiers in the streets of Balti- 
more, his native city. It was first 
sung by a gathering of ladies and 
gentlemen of strong Southern 
sentiment to the tune of a German 
student song, "Lauriger Hora- 
tius** and the Christmas chorus, 
beloved of Teutons, beginning: 
**0 Tannebaum.** It was called 
by Alexander Stephens, Vice- 
President under Jefferson Davis, 
**The Marseillaise of the Confed- 



H. R.--3 

** Marching Through Georgia** 
was written by a journeyman 
printer, who was ill and out of 
work. He began writing war 
songs that immediately became 
very popular. He wrote ** March- 
ing Through Georgia** in 1864, 
shortly after Sherman began his 
famous March to the Sea. It had 
a most romantic history. The 
author *s father had spent four 
years at hard labor in a Missouri 
prison, for telling some fugitive 
slaves which way to go. 

*'The Battle Cry of Freedom** 
and ** Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the 
Boys Aire Marching,** were writ- 
ten by Dr. George F. Root, of 
Chicago. Charles A. Dana of the 
New York Sun, once said that 
Root '*Did more to preserve the 
Union than a great many briga- 
dier-generals, and quite as much 
as some brigades. * * 

It is said that very few patriotic 
songs of the highest order were 
ever written by a great poet. The 
*' Watch on the Rhine** was writ- 
ten by a German iron-master 
named Max Schneckenbuger, of 
Thalheim, Wurtemburg. The 
words have often been set to 
music, but only one version, that 
of Carl Wilhelm, formerly Cap- 
pelmeister at Crefeld, Rhenish 
Prussia, has become popular. It 
is full of strong German sentiment 
as the following verse of English 
version will prove: 

"A cry ascends like thunder crash; 
Like oceans roar, like sabre clash; 
Who*ll guard the Rhine, the German Rhine 
To whom shall we the task assign?" 

That most stirring of all battle 
songs, irrespective of country, is 


R«gl«ttr of tht Kertiidcy tUto Hittorloal •osltty. 

the beautiful ^^Marseillaise," the 
battle hyion of the French Repub- 
lic and which has since come to be 
regarded as the battle hymn of 

It was written by Boguet de 
Lisle, a young French soldier sta- 
tioned at Strasburg. Jt is con- 
tended that the air was taken bod- 
ily from the Credo of Holtzman's 
Fourth Mass, which was composed 
in the year 1776. 

It was called at first the ^^ Chant 
de Guerre de PArmee de Ehin" 
and became instantly popular. 
Young Lisle was imprisoned for 
failure to agree with his party in 
all things^ but after the fall of 
Robespierre he was released. He 
lived the rest of his life at Paris, 
where he was pensioned by Louis 

He was buried at Choisy in 
1836. Besides the ''MarBeillaise" 
he was the author of a small 
volume of poems that had no espe- 
cial merit, but the writing of a 
battle hynm that could stir the 
hearts of men to do the valiant 
tilings that the **Sons of France^' 
accomplished should be glory 
enough for one man. 

It is an interesting fact to note 
that no other country has furnish- 
ed so much of the world ^s music as 
Ireland. Her songs are number- 
less but they are not, properly 
speaking, national songs. They 
are more on the order of ** Folk- 
songs*' and are written in a sad 
strain. The ones written in the 
nature of laments seem to have 
the strongest hold upon the hearts 
of the warm-hearted Irish people. 

'*The Wearing of the Green '* 

possibly is the most popular and 
might be considered as the Irish 
national song. ^^St. Patrick's 
Day'* and **Gkirry Owen*' are 
among those best haown and sung 
by all classes. 

There is more real romance con- 
nected with the popular songs of 
Scotland than with any other coun- 
try. Many were the songs and 
ballads connected and inspired by 
Bonnie Prince Charlie. One of the 
favorites being, *' Welcome, Boyal 
Charlie," wihich is a rival of 
'* Charlie Is My Darling,'' in the 
hearts of the loyal Scots. 

Bobbie Bums has written so 
many typically Scotch songs, both 
sentimental and patriotic, that it 
is no easy matter to make a chcHce 
that would suit all readers. Bums ' 
**My Heart's in the Highlands "is 
full of pathos and carries, as all 
his verse has a way of doing, a 
tender sympathy with the writer. 
Another Scotch favorite is **When 
the Blue Bonnets come over the 
Border," but the most inspiring 
of all the songs of Scotland was 
that written by Burns as the ad- 
dress of Bobert Bruce to his fol- 
lowers before the battle of Ban- 

The Swedish and Austrian 
airs are not so musical nor so 
pretty as the other national songs 
and the words do not seem to ring 
as if written on the impulse of the 
heart or at the stirring time in 
their country's history. They do 
not possess the martial music that 
generally characterizes other na- 
tional anthems. 

During the war between Great 
Britain and the Boers in South 

R«9i«t*r of th« K«ntiwfcy 9UU Mittorioal Society. 


Africa the New York Tribune fur- 
nished the following about the na- 
tional war songs of the Boers: 
* * They have no brass bands in the 
Transvaal, but they know the 
value of martial music, and, like 
the Hussites of the fifteenth cen- 
tury, they cheer themselves to 
deeds of valor by singing their 
patriotic hymns. Of these they 
have several, but their Marseil- 
laise is not only the war song of 
today— it has been advanced to 
the dignity of the national hymn 
of the South African Republic. 
Though it cannot be old its author- 
ship seems to be unknown. The 
translation of the song was made 
by the Rev. Maurice C. Hansen. '* 

Switzerland, the most pictur- 
esque perhaps of any country on 
earth, is not without her brave 
heroes in battle. The life and 
death of brave Winkelreid alone 
shows the spirit of these hardy 
home-loving mountaineers. There 
is no peasant so poor in song and 
spirit that cannot be heard yo- 
delling his native song as he toils 
among the mountain fastnesses. 

If there is one country more 
than another that the world is at 
present interested in, that country 
is Japan. We have ceased to ad- 
mire the Japanese as *' little 
brown men'* but, honor them for 
their bravery, fortitude, skill, and 
more than all, for the loving 
abandon with which they lay down 
their lives for their native land. 
So, the air that thousands and 
thousands of men have listened to 
as they breathed their last and 
what must have been sweet music 

to their dying ears will be of in- 
terest to all the world. 

One writer tells us *Hhat not- 
withstanding that the music of the 
Orient is conceived and executed 
without harmony, it is full of ex- 
pression and meanmg. We have 
very little music in which the 
melody, pure and simple, begins 
to express as much as do these 
simple Oriental melodies.'' 

Another writer says : * * When the 
Japanese began to remodel their 
country and place it on equality 
with other modem nations, they 
did not omit music. In 1871 they 
began by placing the art in the 
public school curriculum." 

The music in Japan is printed in 
vertical rows like all other Japa- 
nese literature. Their bands are 
strong in brass and woodwind, but 
weak in the string department. 
In singing the national hymn they 
usually repeat the one verse three 
times, singing the melody all in 
unison. The words of the nation- 
al song are:* 

"May our land's dominion last 
Till a thoasand years have passed; 
Twice four thousand times o'er told 
Firm as changeless rock, earth rooted. 
Mass of ages uncomputed." 

If you read the Japanese words 
in the original you would read 
them thus : 

"Kimi» ga. Towa Chiyoni Tachiyoni 
Sazarelshino Iwahoto Narite 
Kokeno musu made." 

The national air of the Rus- 
sians is a prayer for ''peace" and 
according to one authority has 
been the national air since 1799. 
It is an old story, this crying for 
peace and preparing for war. It 
was written by Alexis Lvoff in 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 

1799 and is entitled: *'God, the All 

Speaking of patriotic songs a 
writer has aptly said: **It is not 
the Goethes, Hugoes, Tennysons 
and Poes who have produced the 
national songs of their people. 
There is a profound significance in 
this fact. It shows that the song 
writer, to reach the people's heart, 
must be of the people, not dwelling 
on the heights of Parnassus. It 
reminds me of what happened in 
old Greece six hundred years 
before Christ. Sparta, hard 
pressed during the second Mes- 
senian War, consulted the oracle 
of Delphi and was told to send to 
Athens for a leader. Athens, un- 
willing to help the rival city, sent 
a poor lame schoolmaster. But 
that little schoolmaster was Tyr- 
taeus the poet, and he composed 
such stirring war songs that the 
Spartans were heartened and won 
the victory.'' Truly, there was 
deep wisdom in the sentence re- 
corded by old Andrew Fletcher, of 
Saltoun, and above set down, that 
*4f a man were permitted to make 
all. the ballads, he need not care 
who should make the laws of a 

Kentucky's Own Songs. 

Strictly speaking Kentucky 
could not have a national song. 
But she has a song that is famous 
— not alone in '*01d Kentucky" 
but in the old world, where the air 
of Stephen Collins Foster's/* My 
Old Kentucky Home" is as fa- 
miliar as any native song in. any 
land on this or the other side of 
the sea. 

In Judge Eowan's home, ** Fed- 
eral Hill" near Bardstown, Ky., 
this song was first written but the 
manuscript was destroyed when 
the mansion Avas burned. Stephen 
Collins Foster was a poet of the 
highest order but nothing he ever 
wrote attained the lasting celeb- 
rity of '*My Old Kentucky 

During the **Home Coming 
Week" of all loyal Kentuckians 
there was one day set aside as 
** Foster Day." On that day a 
statue to the memory of the 
author was unveiled. The funds 
were contributed by the school 
children of Kentucky. 

The words of this deathless 
song are well known but are given 
here just as written by the im- 
mortal Foster. 


"The sun shines bright in the old Kentucksr 
'Tis summer, the darkies are gay; 
The corn-top's ripe, and the meadow's in 
the bloom. 
While the birds make music all the day. 
The youn^ folks roU on the little cabin 
All merry, aU happy and bright; 
By-'n-by hard times comes a-knocking at 
the door; 
Then my old Kentucky home, good night! 

Weep no more, my lady 

O, weep no more today! 
We wiU sing one song for the old Kentucky 

For the old Kentucky home far away. 

They hunt no more for the 'possum and the 

On the meadow, the hill and the shore; 
They sing no more by the glimmer of the 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


On the bench by the old cabin door. 
The day goes by like a shadow o'er the 
With sorrow, where all was delight; 
The time has come when the darkies have 
to mut; 
Then my old Kentucky home, good night. 

The head must bow, and the back will have 
to bend, 

Whereyer the darkey may go; 
A few more days and the troubles all will 

In the fields where the sugar canes grow. 
A few more days for to tote the weary load. 

No matter, 'twill never be light; 
A few more days till we totter on the road; 

Then my old Kentucky home, good night! 

Weep no more, my lady, 

0,.weep no more today; 
We will sing one song for the old Kentucky 

For the old Kentucky home, far away.' 


Payi^'s **Homb Sweet Home.'* 

While there are many national 
songs that vie with each other for 
beauty of rhythm, martial air and 
what not, there is one inter- 
national song that stands alone in 
its pathetic sweetness, nnrivalled 
and exquisite in its tender pathos 
and joining the hearts of all na-* 
tions by the tribute of a tear that 
it never fails to bring, wh-en 
heard far from one's native land. 
T^at song is Payne's **Home 
Sweet Home." 

John Howard Payne was bom 
in New York in 1792 and died, 
whUe United States consul at Tu- 
nis, in 1852. 

While a very young man his 
precocious literary and histrionic 
talents attracted the attention of 
prominent men and women to this 

unusual boy — ^for he was not yet 
fifteen when he enjoyed the friend- 
ship of the noted men and women 
of the day both in New York and 

His talents and incUnations in- 
dicate a stage career and after 
the business failure of his father 
m 1808 he secured an engagement 
and made his debut at the Park 
Theater, in New York, in Febru- 
ary, 1809. 

'Tor the next fifteen years," 
says a writer in Scribner's Maga- 
zine, ** until his return to America, 
he devoted himself mostly to 
translating and acting, dividing 
his time between London and Par- 
is, according to the varied neces- 
sities of producing and marketing 
his wares, and the state of his 
pocketbook. ' ' 

In 1823 while in Paris under 
contract to supply operas and 
plays to Cbvent Garden, he wrote 
the libretto for an operetta, 
**Clari," the music being furnish- 
ed by Sir Henry Bishop. A song 
being required for one scene in the 
opera, the home-sick Payne wrote 
*^Home Sweet Home" and sug- 
gested the music which Bishop so 
well fitted to the words. 

* Several years ago when the 
noted Band-master Yesella and 
his famous Italian band were at 
Atlantic CSty he was requested by 
a naval officer to play **Home 
Sweet Home." 

**I'm sorry," the noted director 
wrote back on the slip of paper, 
**but the Steel Pier would be 
emptied of its thousands were I to 
play that wonderful song." 

R«fll>ter of th« Kantucky 8tat« Hlrtorlcal Soclaty. 

H* "was right. That simple 
melody, so strikingly sweet, so full 
of haunting memories cannot be 
heard in castle or hut by an exile 
from home without tears. 

Nearly all great poems or songs 
have been written under stress of 
circumstances, and it is more than 
possible that Payne wrote the song 

that will live forever, while de- 
pressed and miserably homesick 
and "far frae his hame." 

Never was there a song to which 
so many, irrespective of national- 
ity, have paid tiie tribute of a tear, 
as John Howard Payne's "Home 
Sweet Home." 






(By A. C. Qiiisenberry) 

Twenty years ago I was assign- 
ed the duty of searching out, in 
the archives of the Bevolutionary 
war period that are preserved in 
Washington, certain data that 
were required for use in the prep- 
aration of a historical work that 
was to be published by the depart- 
ment in which I was employed. 
My duties included the examina- 
tion of the original manuscript 
documents comprising the private 
papers of George Washington, 
Thomas Jefferson, Alexander 
Hamilton, and other fathers of the 
republic, and also of the original 
manuscript documents pertaining 
to the transactions of the Conti- 
nental Qongress in all its sittings 
from 1775 to 1783. I was engaged 
upon this business for months; 
and in going over those old papers 
one by one I found many that were 
of great historical interest on sub- 
jects other than the object of my 
search. By consent of the custo- 
dian of the papers, I had copies of 
some of them made, which I have 
since published in the Virginia 
Magazine, and other historical 
periodicals. Among the papers of 
the Continental Congress I found 
two petitions from citizens of Ken- 
tucky that date back to 1780, The 
copies I had made of those two old 
petitions were mislaid soon after- 
wards, and have only recently been 
found again ; and I now make them 
the theme of this article. 

The two petitions have an ag- 
gregate of about five hundred and 
fifty signatures, but there are du- 
plications of some of them, — ^that 
is,— about fifty men signed both 
petitions. This leaves about five 
hundred people whose residence 
in Kentucky at that early date is 
officially authenticated by their 
signatures to these petitions. 

The petitions originated just 
five years after the first perma- 
nent settlement of Kentucky at 
Boonesboro in 1775 ; and date back 
to a time (1780) when the entire 
population of Kentucky, probably 
did not amount to three thousand 
people all told, men, women and 
children, white and colored; so it 
may be assumed that they were 
signed by at least one-sixth of the 
total residents of Kentucky at that 
time, all the signers being appar- 
ently heads of families. Many of 
those signers still have numerous 
descendants in the State who may 
thus fix with close approximation 
the date of the arrival of their an- 
cestors in Kentucky. Many of the 
signers also have descendants of 
distinction, socially and in other 
ways, in Kentucky and elsewhere. 
For instance, there is the signa- 
ture of Thomas Hart to one of the 
petitions, and it is altogether prob- 
able that he was the same Thomas 
Hart (then living in Kentucky) 
who was the grandfather of Thom- 
as Hart Bbnton, one of the most 


Register of the KerttMcky Statt Hictorical Sockty. 

eminent statesmen our comitry has 

Some of the names signed to the 
petition are evidently misspelled, 
and it was almost impossible to 
decipher many of them. 

TJie first petition is not dated, 
but it is briefed on the back, by one 
of the clerks of the Continental 
Congress: ''Petition of the Inhab- 
itants of Kentucke. Bead August 
23, 1780. '^ 

It is as follows: (Original spell- 
ing and capital letters preserved, 
but the names arranged in alpha- 
betical order by me for the con- 
venience of the readers of The 
Begister who may wish to seek 
out the names of their ancestors 
among them) : 

**To the Honourable Continen- 
tal Congress: 

**The Petition of a number of 
the true and loyal Subjects of the 
United States of America at large 
most humbly sheweth: — 

**That your Petitioners having 
heretofore been Inhabiters of the 
different States of America since 
the commencement of the contest 
with Great Britain for the common 
cause of Liberty, have ventured 
their lives in a wild uncultivated 
part of the Continent on the West- 
em Waters of Ohio, called by the 
general name of Kentuckey, where 
they have made improvements on 
what they allowed was King's un- 
appropriated Lands before the 
commencement of the said contest, 
and that in the face of a Savage 
Enemy, with the utmost hardships, 
and in daily geopardy of being in- 
humanly murdered. 

Your Petitioners further allow- 
ed ' that the Honourable Congress 
would allow them a Beasonable 
Betaliation in Lands for the Serv- 
ioee your Petitioners did in de- 
f^uding and Settling on their own 
expence the Country aforesaid, to 
the weakening of the Enemy and 
the Strengthening of the United 
States whenever the common con- 
test with Britain, should be de- 
sided in favour of America. In 
the full assurance of which your 
Petitioners Sold all their livings 
in the Settled parts of the Conti- 
nent and have removed with their 
Wives and families and all their 
effects to the Country aforesaid, 
in order to take possession of their 
improvements aforesaid. But 
when they came found almost 
all their Improvements granted 
away by a Sfett of men which act- 
ed or pretended to act under the 
late Act of Virginia, which act 
also allows large grants without 
any reserve of Settlein^ and im- 
proving the same. B|y which 
means almost the whole of the 
Lands in the Coimtry aforesaid 
are Engrossed into the hands of a 
few Interested men, the greater 
part of which live at ease in 
the internal parts of Virginia, 
while your Petitioners are here 
with their wives and children 
daily exposed to the murders of 
the Savages, to whom sundry of 
their Acquaintance have fell a sac- 
rifice since their arrival, though 
as yet but a short time. Aigaiu, 
the late Acts of Virginia require 
your Petitioners to take a new 
Oath of Allegiance to that State, 
renouncing all other Kings, 

Regitter of the Kentucky State HittorJeal Society. 


Princes and States, and be true 
to the State of Virginia only, and 
the prospect of Military Govern- 
ment talang place shortly in this 
place gives your Petitioners the 
greatest apprehension of the most 
severe nsage, unless they comply 
with their Mandates. 

**Your Petitioners, considering 
all those grievances, would gladly 
return into the Settled parts of 
the Continent again, but having 
come seven hundred miles down 
the River Ohio with the Expence 
of the greater part of their for- 
tune, find it impracticable to re- 
turn back against the Stream with 
their wives and children, were 
they to suffer the most cruel death. 

**Tour Petitioners, being drove 
to the extremity aforesaid, have 
but three things to chuse. One is 
to tarry in this place, take the 
Oath of Allegiance to Virginia, 
and be true to that State only, and 
also become Slaves to those En- 
grossers of Lands and to the Court 
of Virginia. The other is to re- 
move down the River Ohio and 
land on some part of Mexico, and 
become Subjects to the King of 
Spain. And the third is to Re- 
move themselves Over the River 
Ohio, with their wives and chil- 
dren and their Hmall Effects re- 
maining, which is now in posses- 
sion of the Savage Enemy, to 
whom they are didly exposed to 
Murders. The two former ap- 
pearing to your Petitioners to 
have a Tendency to weaken the 
United States and, as it were. Ban- 
ish the common cause of Liberty, 
Humbly Pray the Honourable 
Continental Congress to grant 

them the liberty of taking the lat- 
ter choice, and removing their 
wives and families and Effects to 
the Indian side of the Ohio and 
take possession of the same in the 
name of the United States of 
America at Large, where your 
Petitioners suppose to support 
themselves in an Enemy's Cotin- 
try at their own risque and Ex- 
pence, which they humbly conceive 
will have a tendency to weaken 
the poyrer of the Enemy, strength- 
en the United States at Large, and 
advance the common cause of 

**Tour Petitioners further pray 
the Honourable Congress to allow 
them the liberty of making such 
Regulations among themselves as 
they shall find necessary to govern 
themselves by, being subject to 
the United States at Large, and 
no other States or power what- 

**Your Petitioners humbly pray 
the Honourable Continental Con- 
gress to consider their case and 
grievances in its true light, and 
grant them such Relief as they in 
their great wisdom shall see meet. 

**And your Petitioners as in 
duty bound shall ever pray.** 

(Signed) :— 

John Adams, John Ainwin, 
James Anderson, Thos. Apple- 
gate, Hankerson Ashby, William 
Armstrong, Harrison Averill, 
John Averill, William Averill. 

John Bailey, Thos. Bamfield, 
Frederick Bamford, Albert Banta, 
Cornelius Banta, Jacob Banta, 
John Banta, Benjamin Bayard, 
David Beach, William Bennett, 


Reglttor of the Kentucky 8taU •Hictorlcal toelety. 

John Beson, Hugh Biggerstaffy 
Qbarles Bilderbach, Jacob Bilder- 
bach, Charles Black, Gheorge Black, 
Beuben. Blackford, Cornelius Bo- 
gard, Abraham Bonta, Squire 
Boone, Joseph Booth, Peter Bord- 
mess, Isaac Boulde^, James Boyer, 
Thomas Bioyd, Henry Brenton, 
David Brinton, Jacob Brockman, 
John Brookill, James Brown, 
Joseph Brown, Eobert Brown, 
William Brown, Robert Brusler, 
James Burke, William Bumess, 
Comfort Busier, Peter B^zard. 
-~ Gerard Campbell, Henry Camp- 
^ bell, James Campbell, John Camp- 
- bell, John Capps, Meshech Carter, 
Conrad Oarito, Reuben Cass, 
Benj. Casselman, John Catlett, 
Moses Cave, William Chraven, 
George Clark, Jesse Clark, Wil- 
liam Clave, Benjamin Cleaver, 
Joshua Cleaver, John Clem, Wm. 
Clenwell, John Cline, Spencer 
CoUings, William CoUings, Thom- 
as Collins, James Colmore, Mar- 
tin Colmore, Joseph Conaway, 
V George Oom, Jacob Coseman, 
Benjamin CoSelman, Thomas 
Covet, Theophilus Coxe, Andrew 
Coyne, George Craventon, Samuel 
Crise, George Crist, John Cross, 
-^Charles Crump, Wm. Oommins, 
Jonathan Cunningham, Thomas 
Cunningham, George Cuward. 

Charles Davis, David Davis, 
Dennis Davis, James Delaney, 
Peter Demaree, Jacob Denning, 
Thomas Dillon, Andrew Dodds, 
John Dongan, Jacob Doom, John 
Dorland, Benjamin Doslie, Jacob 
Dosson, James Dougherty, Thom- 
as Dowdall, Dennis Downing, Wil- 
liam .Drennon, James Dunbar, 

Charles Duncan, Samuel Dunn, 
Zachary Dye. 

William Ewftng. 

John Felty, John Finn, Fred- 
erick Fox, James Foye, Amasa 
Frisel, Isaac Froman, Paul Fro- 
man, John Fugas, Jacob Funk. 

James Galloway, John Gallo- 
way, William Galloway, Ephraim 
Gilding, George Gilmore, Robert 
Gilmore, Samuel Gilmore, John 
Glasher, Samuel Glass, Patrick 
Gordon, Samuel Gordon, Andrew 
Grady, Herman Greathouse, John 
Greathouse, William Greathouse, 
John Green, Joseph Green, John 
Greenhaw, Jasyrk Greenwalt, Al- 
len GriflSn, Joseph GriflSnwalt, 
Adam Grounds, George Grundy, 
John Grundy, Joseph Grundy. 

David Hamilton, James Hamil- 
ton, John Hamilton, Robert Ham- 
ilton, Thomas Hamilton, Smith 
Harborough, Jeremy Hardese, 
Thomas Hargis, Jonathan Har- 
ned, William Harker, James Har- 
ris, John Grahue Harris, S. Har- 
ris, Samuel Harris, Stephen Har- 
ris, Elijah Hart, John Hart, 
Thomas Hart, Aden Harten, John 
Hase, Henry Haughlan, David 
Hawkins, Ulrich Hevenbunk, Eze- 
kiel Hickman, Lewis Hickman, 
Hardy Hill, G^rge Hinch, David 
Hockins, Zachariah Hold, Robert 
Holmes, Benjamin Hook, Matthias 
Hook, Henry Hoos, William Hop- 
kins, John Houghland, William 
Houghland, James Huard, John 
Huewes, Chris. Huffman, Jacob 
Huffman, Randolph Huffman, 
Paul Humble, John Hunt, John 

Joseph Inlow, Robert Insworth, 

• *J*m t^m 

Register of the Kentucky State Hittorical Society. 


Edward Irwin, John Irwin, Wil- 
Uam Irwin. 

Hugh Jackson, Matthew Ja- 
feres, John Jail, Daniel James, 
John James, Richard James, An- 
thony Jenkins, David Johnson, 
James Johnson, John Johnson, 
Joseph Johnson, Thomas John- 
son, Jeremiah Johnston, John 
Johnston, James Judy. 

John Keith, Samuel Kelly, John 
Kennedy, Eobert Kennedy, Thom- 
as Kennedy, Michael Kintner, 
Michiel Kirkham, Joseph Kirk- 
patrick, David Kfirkwood, Martin 

David Langhead, William Law- 
rence, Charles Lecompte, John 
Lee, Samuel Lee, John Light, 
Benjamin Linn, William Linn, 
Edward Liston, John Liston, John 
Little, Joseph Little, Michael Lit- 
tle, William Little, James Logan, 
■ John Logan, Matthew Logan, Wil- 
liam Logsdon, William Look, Peter 

John McCann, Joseph McClin- 
tock, James McCoUoch, James Mc- 
Elharton, James McKee, James 
McLoughlin, David McQuale, Se- 
neca McBakin, John Martin, 
Charlefl Mason, Philip Mason, 
Samuel Mason, John Massey, 
Charles Masterson, Joseph Mat- 
thews, Gabriel Melted, Anth. Mil- 
ler, James Miller, John Miller, 
Samuel Miller, John Mitchell, Wil- 
liam Mitchell, Adam Money, John 
Moore, Richard Moore, John Mor- 
ris, Joseph Mounts. 

George Neal, James Neavill, 
John Nelson, James Newkirk, 
Peter Newkirk, Tobias Newkirk. 

Joseph Oldham, William Onie. 

Arthur Parks, Benjamin Pat- 
ten, Thomas Patten, Michael Paul, 
Peter Paul, Thomas Phillips, 
Peter Pohene, George Pomer, Ed- 
ward Poomer, Abraham Powell, 
Thomas Powser, Henr yPrayter, 
John Pringle, JSES Pro\anc5, 
Joseph William Province, John 
Puck, James Purse, Dennis Pur- 
sell, Thos. .Pursell, John Purseley, 
Thomas Putnam. 

Elijah Quartermus, James 

Aaron Rawlings, George Ray, 
Adam Raymond, Francis Reach, 
Gerardis Rekid, George Reading, 
Solomon Resiner, Edward Re- 
walno, John Rice, William Rice, 
Henry Richards, John Ridley, 
Thomas Roach, Matthew Rogers, 
Adam Rowe, John Ruth. 

Jacob Salmon, Thomas Sander- 
son, Chris. Schultze, Matthew Sel- 
lad, John Sellers, Nathan Sellers, 
Valentine Sewall, John Shaw, 
John Sigwald, » Hector Simpson, 
John Skaig, Edward Skidmore, 
Daniel Spears, Jacob Spears, 
Moses Speed, TJiomasi Spencer, 
Thomas Stansbury, George Stew- 
art, James Stewart, Basil Stock- 
ton, Thomas Stone, Jesse Stuart, 
John Stuart, Martin Stull, Joseph 
Sullivan, John Sumet, William 
Sutherland, William Sweden, Rob- 
ert Sweeny. 

Thomas Talbott, George Tay- 
lor, Mike Tedenham, Jonathan 
Thickston, John Thickston, Robert 
Thirkman, Samuel Thirkman, 
Michael Thomas, James Thomp- 
son, John Thompson, Nicholas 
Thurley, Mikel Titties, Benjamin 
Tomlinson, Jesse Tomlinson, John 


RoQltUr of tht Koniuclcy 8t«t« Hi«terio«l Society. 

Tomlinson, John Townsend, Jere- 
miah Trefar, Joseph Tumblestone, 
Isaac Tune, John Turner, Edward 
Tyler, John Unsel. 

Jacob Vanmeter, John Vantress, 
Cornelius Vorheis. 

Henry Wade, Samuel Wadmes, 
John Wager, Adam Wall, Josiah 
Wallis, Henry Wasson, Samuel 
Watkins, Edward Welch, Thomas 
Welch, William Welch, Samuel 
Wells, William Wellwood, Charles 
West, John West, Jakob Wes- 
teroeb. Burgess White, Isaac 
White, John White, Thomas 
Whithedge, John Wilkerson, 
Daniel Williams, John Williams, 
John Williamson, Evan Wilson, 
William Winter, Michael Woods, 

John Yery, Charles Young, 
Peter Young. 

Tlie second petition is neither 
dated nor briefed, but it states 
that **in the spring of the year 
1780*' the signers settled in Ken- 
tucky. Further along it refers to 
the peace that had been establish- 
ed between the United States and 
Great Britain, and as the treaty 
of peace between the two countries 
was concluded on September 3, 
1783, this petition was evidently 
gotten up subsequent to that date. 
It is as follows: 

To the Honourable President 
and Delegates of the Free United 
States of America, in Congress 

*'The Memorial and Petition of 
a number of Inhabitants of Ken- 
tuckey Settlement, of Low Dutch 
Beformed Church persuasion, in 

behalf of themselves and other in- 
tended settlers. Humbly Sheweth: 
**That in the Spring of the year 
1780 they moved to Kentuckey with 
their families and effects with a 
view and expectation to procure a 
Tract of Land to enable them to 
settle together in a body for the 
conveniency of civil society and 
propagating the Gospel in their 
known Language. When they ar- 
rived there to their sorrow and 
disappointment they were, thro' 
the dangerousness of the times, by 
a cruel savage enemy oblidged to 
settle in Stations or Forts in such 
places where there was the most 
appearance of safety. Notwith- 
standing all their precautions, 
numbers of them suffered greatly 
in their property, several killed 
and others captivated by the 
enemy. Living in such a distress- 
ed confined way, always in dan- 
ger, frequently on military duty, 
it was impossible for them to do 
more than barely support their 
families with the necessaries of 
life, by which means they are much 
reduced, and what adds more to 
their disappointment and afDiction 
is that contrary to their expecta- 
tion before their arrival and since, 
the most or all of the Tillable 
Land has been located and monop- 
olized by persons that had the ad- 
vantage of your Memorialists by 
being acquainted with the country, 
and your Memorialists being 
strangers and confined as afore- 
said ; and being so reduced are un- 
able to purchase Land at the ad- 
vanced price, and especially in 
a body conveniently togeather, 
agreeable to their wishes. 

Reglttor of the Kentucky State Hieloricai Society. 


Whereas, Providence has been 
pleased to prosper and support the 
virtuous resistance of the United 
Stated in the glorious cause of 
Liberty, which has enabled them 
to obtain an Honourable Peace 
whereby they have obtained a 
large extent of unappropriated 
Territory; and whereas, it is cur- 
rently and repeatedly reported 
amongst us that Congress has 
broke or made void Virginia's 
right or claim to Land in Ken- 
tuckey Settlement. 

Your Petitioners therefore hum- 
bly pray in (behalf of themselves 
and other intended friends of that 
persuasion) the Honourable Con- 
gressr would indulge them with the 
grant of a Tract or Territory of 
Land in Kentuckey Settlement, if 
the Virginia claim thereto should 
be made void, or otherwise in the 
late ceeded land on the northwest 
side of the Ohio river whereto 
there is not any prior legal claim, 
to enable them to settle in a body 
together, on such reasonable terms 
as Congress in their wisdom and 
prudence shall see just and rea- 
sonable, they complying with and 
performing all reasonable condi- 
tions required, to enable them to 
put their intended plan and pur- 
pose in execution, they having 
principally in view the Glory of 
God, the promotion of civil and 
religious society, educating and 
instructing their rising generation 
in the principals of religion and 
morality, hoping the Honourable 
Congress will give all due encour- 
agement to such a laudable under- 
taking. The premises duly con- 

sidered, your Petitioners as in 
duty boimd shall ever pray; etc.*' 
(Signed) : — 

David Allen, William Arm- 

Abraham Banta, Abraham Ban- 
ta, Jr., Albert Banta, Cornelius 
Banta, Daniel Banta, Hendrik 
Banta, Henry Banta, Jr., Jacob 
Banta, John Banta, Peter Banta, 
Jr., Samuel Banta, Eicher Bers- 
ley, John 0. Bleanes, John Bodine, 
Cornelius Bogart, Henry Bogart, 
Samuel Bogart, Daniel Brewer, 
Jr., John Brewer, Daniel Brewer, 
Sr., (Illegible) Brinkehoff, George 
Brinkerhoff, Gilbert Brinkerhoff, 
Jacob Brinkerhoff, Luke Brinker- 
hoff, Samuel Briten, George Bur- 


Peter Oarmichel, Samuel Cock, 
Henry Cfomminger, John Com- 
minger, Andrew Conine, James 
Cook, Cornelius Cosine, David 
Cossaart, Francis Cossaart, Jacob 
Cossaart, Bergen Oouert, John 
Cownover, Cornelius Qozine, Jr., 
Derrick Cozine, John Cozine, John 
Oozine, Jr. 

Catherine Darling (widow), 
John Darling, Lambert Dar- 
ling, Abraham DeBaen, Joseph 
DeBaen, Abraham DeGroff, Wil- 
helm DeGroff, Cornelius Demaree, 
John Demaree, Peter Demaree, 
Peter Demaree, Jr., Samuel Dem- 
aree, Samuel Demaree, Jr., Sam- 
uel Demarest, Albert Durie, Marga 
Durie (widow)), Samuel Durie. 

George Hall, Daniel Harris, 
John Harris, Abraham Hooghte- 
lin, Hezekiah Hooghtelin, Wil- 
helmus Hooghtelin. 


RtgliUr of tha K«ntutky 8tat« HMorlcal Society. 

William Jewell, Abraham John- 
son, Andrew Johnson,. Thomas 

Barney Kipp, John Kipp, John 
Knight, John Conrad Knight, Der- 
rick Kooeeen. 

Conrad D. Lowe, Gilbert Lowe. 

Peter Monfort, Jr., Francis 
Monfoort, Jacobus Monfoort, John 
Monfoort, Lawrence Monfoort, 
Peter Monfoort, Sr. 

Martin Nevins. 

John Obercow, Adrian Oten, 
Cortielius Oten, John Oten. 

John Persyl. 

Alaron Bawlings, John Byker. 

David Seaboum, Gfeorge Sea- 
bonm, Peter Seabonm, William 
Seabourn, Johanna Seabonm 
(widow), Henry Shiveley, Andrew 
Shoe, Mattis Shoe, Benjamin 

Sloat, Barney Smock, Jacob 
Smock, Matthis Smock, Bergen 
Spader, James Stagg. 

Cornelius Tueb, Laurens Tneb. 

John Vanarsdal, Lucas Vanars- 
daJ, Simon Vanarsdal, John Van- 
arsdale, Gerritt Vanarsdalen, Si- 
mon Vanasdal, John Vancleve, 
William Vancleve, Peter Vandyke, 
Timis Vanpelt, Charles Vantine, 
Thomas Vantiue, Jaqnish Van- 
tyne, James Voreis, John Voreis, 
Sophia Voreis (widow), Albert 
Vorheis, Cornelius Vorheis, John 
Vorhis, Luke Vorhis, Eulef Vor- 

James Westervelt, Mary Wes- 
tervelt (widow), Samuel Wester- 
velt, Geo. Williamson, Peter Wye- 
koff, Benedick Yurey, Heinrich 






H. R. ' "4. 




The Executive Committee met 
in the Library of the Historical 
Department, promptly at 2 p. m. 

Hon. H. V. McChesney, Chair- 
man of the Executive Committee 
called the meeting to order. Full 

The reports of the Secretary- 
Treasurer were laid before the 
committee as approved by the 
Executive Committee, the Gov- 
ernor and the Curator, and pub- 
lished in pamphlets, to be laid be- 
fore the General Assembly of 1912. 
These reports were endorsed by 
the committee. 

Mrs. Miles moved, and her mo- 
tion was seconded by Prof. G. C. 
Downing, that **Mrs. Morton now 
as Regent, be empowered here- 
after as formerly, to act for the 
society, and in future, purchase 
for its benefit, whatever in her 
judgment will be for the good of 
the society, and enlargement of 
its influence, throughout the State 
of Kentucky. '^ Motion carried 

Mrs. Morton thanked the com- 
mittee and said: **From these 
reports is seen what we have ac- 
quired to lend value to the State 
and interesrt to the society. The 
Register has lengthened its sub- 
scription list and broadened its 
scope of influence, until now it is 

solicited by the leading Historical 
Societies of this country and 
Europe as an exchange. The 
Register, bound for the year 
1910, is before you, and those for 
1911 are being bound. Renewing 
my thanks for the new honor you 
have conferred upon me, and the 
hope, that as your Regent now, as 
well as still your Secretary and 
Treasurer, I may be able to keep 
your approval and confidence in 
the future as in the past, I remain 
faithfully and truly yours. *' 

Miss Sally Jackson then pre- 
sented her type-written copy of 
the list of the books and pam- 
phlets received since June, 1910. 
This list was too long to read, and 
the Librarian who carefully com- 
piled it for publication, could only 
present the volume to be seen. She 
made the estimate of the number 
of visitors to the society — since 
1910— as ten thousand (10,000). 
Many schools, colleges and excur- 
sion parties that could not regis- 
ter by name, gave the number of 
their parties, from one hundred to 
ene thousand, making by estimate, 
as well as by registered names, 
about ten thousand persons. Miss 
Jackson *s report was very grat- 
ifying and accepted with congrat- 
ulations. Lists of new members 


R«gl«tor of the Konttidcy Statt HIvloricai 8ocMy. 

and subscribers to Begister were 
omitted, as the time was limited. 

Mr. Longmoor, Curator, read 
the following letter from Dr. 
Bniner, which is filed herein. 

Office of 


September 22, 1911. 
Mr. Woodford W. Longmoor, 
V-President and Curator, 

Kentucky Historical Society, 
Frankfort, Kentucky, 

Dear Sir :— 

I beg to acknowledge receipt of 
the September number of The 
Register, published by The Ken- 
tucky Historical Society. It is a 
handsome magazine, and does 
much credit to those in charge of 
the society. 

Further, I desire to congratu- 
late you, and all associated with 
you, on the splendid service you 
are rendering the State, in the 
management of the society. The 
historical interest in future years 
in the preservation of the relics 
kept by your society, will be of 
much value to the coming genera- 

I Assure you, that you shall have 
my earnest support and hearty co- 
operation, in your efforts to make 
the society a suoeess. 

Most sincerely, 
Ben L. Bbuneb, 
Acting Governor of Kentucky. 

The election of officers resulted 
in the re-election of the board for 
the ensuing year. 

The meeting then adjourned to 
the Hall of Fame, where the open 
annual meeting was held, and an 
interesting program was carried 

The thanks of the society were 
tendered Mr. Quisenberry for his 
time honored silver watch, now 
framed and hanging in the large 
souvenir case. Also to all persons 
who had contributed relics of any 
kind, gold, silver, books, musical 
instruments. Not the least attract- 
ive among the gifts are the lovely 
fans, showing the fashion of these 
delightful breeze-catchers for 
more than a hundred years. 

The splendid new piano and the 
magnificent harpsichord, both pur- 
chased for the benefit of the so- 
ciety, were the special new objects 
of delight. In future they will af- 
ford inspiration to our musicians 
when open meetings are held, or 
special concerts given in the his- 
torical rooms. 







(P. W. Bberhardt.) 


To James Lane Allen. 

A lilt of nature love the pagan knew; 

The BensuouB charm exhaling from the 

In Bacchic glory, carnally ezpreesed — 

HymettuB honied, nectared through and 

Ib then this Bong of phantom Bingers true? 

Or like the painted "ButterflieB/' in toils 

Of gorgeous fancy caught* or serpent coils 
Of glamoured ylce the unwary soon muBt 

What is this Hellene worship of the man — 

The unyeiled man however fair and great 

But lustful homage to the grosser Pan? 

How far remoyed from even Plato's state! 

80 fair it seems, yet all too rash and bold 

For nature's truest message to unfold. 

— ^P. W. Eberhardt. 


To John Fox, Jr. 

Seer of our mountains rude and strong. 
Prophet of the children of our hills. 
Where justice knows no law, but strikes, 

and kills, 
And shows no mercy, palliates no wrong. 
Clean and pure the highland air we breathe 
Through the rhododendron purpled page. 
Unfolding Tisions of a primal age 
Wer the vengeful blade men learned to 

Be thdu the prophet of our sensuous plain; 
strength of oak into our veins Infuse; 
^^Hrlle honesty of heart and brain— 
Our languid blood with ruddier heat suffuse 
Till welding lire of kindred love shaU flame 
To make "Kentuckians" a peerless name. 

— F. W. Bberhardt 


To Robert Burns Wilson. 

Poet, come out to the fields and sing again. 
Sing as of old, when evening's solemn hush 
Wooed thee from painted scenes to leave 

thy brush 
And canvas in the gloom, to wake the strain 
Of fervent song in nature's sacred choir. 
String up thy lute and thrill us with its fire; 
We miss the vibrant hymns and glad refrain- 
Of passion pure-^f greed, the high disdain. 
Sing of the great white dog-wood fiowers 

The cedars on the Elkhom hiSs; in song 
Breathe the breath of the fruitful earUi, ii^ 

Anew our souls to life and high desire. 
O, poet-voice, the world hath need of thee! 
The gift is thine, we claim the penalty. 

— F. W. Eberhardt 

A Picture by Paul Sawyer. 

As when the waves of ocean smite the 

And all too soon take toll of places dear. 
And one by one old land marks disappear 
In Neptune's Caves, to greet us nevermore: 
So do the tides of time, forevermore 
Take toll of forms beloved by many here; 
And oft for them we drop the longing tear. 
And sigh for power their presence to restore. 
How fine that gift which can anew create, 
And give us back in pictured whole 
This vanished fountain's form! environed 

But lovelier now, thus making fortunate 
Our loss, a charm abiding ever new — 
The fairy's Jewel, showing beauty's Soult 

~F. W. Bberhardt. 

Department of 
Paragraphs and Clippings 


Department of 
Paragraphs and CUppings 



The editors of the Register 
heartily endorse every tribute to 
Governor McCreary. As a states- 
man, as a friend and as a citizen 
he is an honor to Elentucky. A 
man of wide information, a judicial 
mind, cultured and eminently wise 
—and, added to hisi fitness for his 
position as Governor of Kentucky 
he is a Christian gentleman. His 
name leads the list of the distin- 
guished men of world-wide reputa- 
tion, as will be seen from the 
World's Work for February, 1911 
—thus; *'That America has the 
leadership in the world's peace 
movement, I have shown by ref- 
erence to the achievements of such 
distinguished Americans as James 
B. McCreary (of Kentucky) and 
Elihu Root, Andrew Cameirie, etc., 
etc/' (Register May, 1911.) 

Governor McCreary has had in 
his election a second time to the 
gubernatorial chair, a magnifi- 
cent endorsement from the people, 
one alike honoring to the Com- 
monwealth and to himself as ^^the 
man who has come to the kingdom 
for such a time as thi& ' ' Read the 
following from the Frankfort 
News- Journal : 



^^ Just thirty-six years ago James 
B. McCreary, a native of Madison 
county, was elected Governor of 
Kentucky, by the Democrats of 
the State. He defeated, at that 

time, John M. Harlan, who recent- 
ly died, art a ripe old age, as one 
of the most distinguished justices 
of the highest court in our land. 

^^ Yesterday this same James B. 
McCreary, looking but little older 
and feeling but little older than he 
was in 1875, was again elected 
Governor of Kentucky. The Dem- 
ocrats again elected him. 

** Governor McCreary has been 
through a grilling campaign in 
which he has covered the entire 
State, making one and two 
speeches every day. He has stood 
the strain remarkably well and is 
as active and vigorous as any 
younger man who accompanied 
him on his trip. His vitality has 
been shown to be wonderful. Age 
does not seem to have touched him 
at all and he will take up* the reins 
of government with as firm a hand 
as over a third of a century ago. 
He will bring to the office this time 
a mature judgment and a sounder 
reason than he had when he was 
first Governor. In the years that 
have elapsed since he sat in the 
Governor's chair he has been in 
WashiQgton as Qongressman and 
Senator for many years. He has 
served in other positions of re- 
sponsibility and tbiese things have 
taught him more than any man 
could have learned in his own 
state. Kentucky will have the 
benefit of this experience and it 
means that the State will have a 


Register of tho Kontu^y SUU HIttorloal Soctety. 

splendid Governor. Governor Mc- 
Creary always has been wise and 
prudent but now more than ever 
he has those qualities that go to 
make a Governor of the people 
who will look to the interest of the 

** Governor McCreary is known 
all over the United States. He will 
attract attention to Kentucky and 
will aid the State in making rapid 
strides to prosperity and its prop- 
er place in the nation.^' 

Gov. McCbeaby Teixs Plans — 

WiiiL Earnestly Endeavor To 

Carry Out Platform 


(From (Fraibkfort JKewtKroomal.) 

Governor elect James B. Mc- 
Creary has issued the following 
statement regarding his victory in 
Tuesday's election and his course 
when he becomes Governor of Ken- 

*'I am very gratefid to the 
voters of Kentucky for the large 
majority given me for the high 
oflSce of Governor. I consider the 
majority given me and to other 
Democrats on the State ticket as 
an endorsement of the time-tried 
and time-honored Democratic party 
and the principles for which it has 
fought with courage and sincerity 
for so many years. 

*'The platform on which I 
asked the support of the voters of 
Kentucky represents my views on 
public questions therein present- 
ed, and I will earnestly endeavor 
to carry out its pledges with the 

assistance of the members of the 
General Ass^nbly. 

**I am in favor of progress, 
improvements and advancement, 
and it will be my ambition to make 
Kentucky the most progressive 
State in the Union, and I will en- 
deavor to advance its interests in 
every line and try to bring pros- 
perity to the State and happiness 
to the people. To the chairmen 
and members of the Democratic 
Campaign Committee I present 
my sincere thanks for the success- 
ful management of the campaign, 
and I am thankful to my associates 
on the ticket and to the Democratic 
press of Kentucky and to the 
speakers from this and other 
states for their valuable and 
splendid assistance. 

**I am gratified to know that 
this splendid victory was won 
without receiving contributions 
from any corporations, lobbyists 
or other persons who might desire 
or ask for any special privileges 
or favors. I am also pleased to 
believe that the victory in Ken- 
tucky is a forerunner of a great 
national Democratic victory to be 
achieved next year in the election 
of a Democratic President.'' 

Governor McCreary 's Inaugu- 

The inauguration of a Governor 
is always an event of great inter- 
est, but the recent inauguration 
of Governor McCreary occasioned 
even greater interest than usually 
attaches to this combined govern- 
mental and social function. This 

Heglcler «f tb« Kentucky tutt HIilorletl 8oel«ty. 


is doubtless attribntable, in large 
measure, to the unusual event of 
an ex-Oovemor taking the Exec- 
utive Chair after a lapse of thirty- 
six years since his first inaugural. 
This added quite a bit of senti- 
ment to the occasion. 

Another factor in the develop- 
ment of the interest in the event 
was the fact that Governor Mc- 
Creary is a Confederate veteran. 
The public felt that in all prob- 
ability this was the last occasion 
upon which they would see this 
signal honor conferred upon a 
follower of the Lost Cause. The 
recent unveiling in Lexington of 
the equestrian statue of General 
John H. Morgan, under whom 
Governor McOreary was a gallant 
ofl5cer, still further heightened this 
particular interest. AH this cul- 
minated in the gathering at the 
Capital of a large number of ex- 
Confederates, who marched in the 
parade with as light hearts as the 
**Boy Scouts,'* even though their 
steps may not have been quite so 

Still another feature of interest 
was the ** reorganization" of the 
**McCreary Guards" for the occa- 
sion. As many of this famous 
military organization of the 
seventies as could be mustered 
marched in the parade and attract- 
ed much attention. 

Many other things combined to 
make the Inaugural a great suc- 
cess, not the least of which was 
Governor McOreary 's popularity, 
not alone with his own party, but 
with the whole people of the Com- 

So auspicious an inaugural 
presages a successful administra- 
tion, and the Register desires to 
express its best wishes to this end. 

We give below some extracts 
from Governor McCreary's In- 
augural Address : 

** Fellow Citizens — Called a sec- 
ond time to the oflSce of Governor 
of Kentucky by the suffrages of a 
generous and patriotic people, I, 
with sincerest pleasure, express 
my. profound gratitude to the peo- 
ple of my native State for the 
honor conferred upon me. 

In assuming this important trust 
I am deeply sensible of its vast 
responsibility, as well as its honor, 
and I bring to it a conscientious 
desire and determination to dis- 
charge its duties faithfully, fear- 
lessly and impartially. 

I shall be Governor, not of any 
particular class or section, but of 
all the people of our great Com- 
monwealth, and I will have no 
individual schemes to advance, 
and no peMonal aspirations to 
promote, and I will endeavor in 
every proper way to uphold and 
advance all that will bring pros- 
perity to the State and happiness 
to the people. 

Relying upon the support of 
free, brave and patriotic Kentuck- 
ians, and entreating the aid and 
protection of ''The Lord of Hosts 
—great in councils, and mighty in 
works,'* I pledge whatever ability 
or energy I posaess to the faithful 
support and maintenance of the 
Constitution and the laws. 

We live in an age of progress 
and development, and we should 


Register of th% Kentucky 8tat« Historical aockety. 

have united, aggressive efforts 
for industrial and commercial su* 
premacy, and Kentucky should 
forge to the front as one of the 
leading States of the Republic, in 
education, in agriculture, in de- 
velopment, in internal improve- 
ments, in manufactures, in min- 
ing, and in all the varied interests 
of a great people inhabiting a 
great State. 

The inestimable rights of life, 
liberty and the pursuit of happi- 
ness should be secured to all per- 
sons. Upon the maintenance of 
these rights depends the prosper- 
ity of the people, and the preserva- 
tion of our institutions. To this 
end law and order should be rigidly 
observed. The law should be the 
shield and armor of every person, 
and I shall use all power and au- 
thority vested in me as Governor 
of the Commonwealth to preserver 
law and order. In this I earnest- 
ly ask the co-operation of all per- 
sons, regardless of past political 

I know of no State that is more 
prosperous, or whose citizens are 

happier and freer than ours. 

• « * • 

My countrymen, we have one 
republic, with one Consititution, 
and one destiny. Kentucky is a 
component part of the great Fed- 
eral Union, one State in a confed- 
eration of States. That which 
eflFects liberty in one State will 
ultimately effect liberty in other 
States. That which increases the 
prosperity of one State will in 
time be beneficial to other States. 
That general law which is oppres- 
sive or injurious in one State will 

be oppressive or injurious in other 
States, therefore our State shares 
its part of the honor or dishonor, 
the blessings or burdens of the Re- 
public, and I desire our Common- 
wealth to be in full accord and har- 
mony with her sister States in sup- 
porting the Constitution and in 
striving to advance the best inter- 
ests of the whole country, and in 
endeavoring to add to the gran- 
deur and glory of a wonderful 

On this great occasion my heart 
is full of admiration and hope for 
my country and love and gratitude 
to the people of my native State, 
who have elected me twice by the 
largest majorities given in fifty 
years to a Governor of the State 
of Kentucky. 

I shall by fidelity to duty and 
obedience to the Constitution and 
the laws strive to merit the confi- 
dence reposed in me by the electors 
of the State of Kentucky. 

I succeed an honorable and pa- 
triotic statesman, who, according 
to his view has been a faithful and 
an efficient Governor, and I wish 
him during his retirement to pri- 
vate life success and happiness. 

Earnestly invoking the blessings 
of Almighty God on our State and 
on our people, I appeal to my fel- 
low-citizens, regardless of their 
political sentiments, to co-operate 
with me in conducting an honest, 
impartial and economical admin- 
istration, which will uphold jus- 
tice, freedom, education, progress 
and righteousness and advance the 
interests and maintain the integ- 
rity of the Commonwealth of Ken- 
tucky. ^ * 

Roaistar of iho Mntuofcy Suta HIttorloal Society. 



Which Was His When Hb Was 


Ago — State Histobioal Sooibty 
LoAKs Gov. MgCbeaby Intbbest- 
iKG Belic of the Past. 

(From iFrankfort NewfrJoumal.) 

• 111 

Days of the past, when he was 
Oovemor the first time, were re- 
called pleasantly to Gov. Mc- 
Creary yesterday afternoon when 
he was ** loaned '* by the Kentucky 
State Historical Society, the cut- 
glass inkstand which he used when 
he was Gt>vemor thirty-two years 
ago. The inkstand was presented 
to the Historical Society by Gov. 
McCreary when he went out of 
office thirty-two years ago. It has 
been carefully preserved, as one 
of the mosit valuable relics of the 
society, ever since. Yesterday the 
inkstand, mounted on a silver tray, 
was presented to Gov. McCreary. 

Just '* Loaned. '* 

The presientation was made by 
the officers of the society, Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton, Miss Sallie 
Jackson, Miss Eliza Overton, 
Wood W. Longmoor and Harry 
V. McChesney. Mr. McChesney 
made a short speech, telling of the 
.vhistory of the inkstand and the 
value that attaches to it. He 
said to the Governor that it was 
only *^ loaned" to him, for use dur- 

ing the next four years, as the 
Historical Society wants it back, 
to preserve for future generations 
of KentucMans. 

With the inkstand, was present- 
ed a handsome gold fountain pen, 
with a silver rest for it. Gov. Mc- 
Creary said he was deeply touch- 
ed by the tiiought which prompted 
the preservation of the inkstand 
and the ' loaning '* of it to him for 
four year& He said he would use 
it on his desk during his term as 

Pbesentation Speech. 
**Your Excellency: As an officer 
of the Kentucky State Historical 
Society, and speaking by its au- 
thority, I wish to assure you of the 
delight with which we greet you 
as its President. There are many 
reasons why this affords us great 
pleasure, but there is one very 
special reason, and that is, that 
you were the society *s first presi- 
dent, during your former adminis- 
tration as Governor. There are 
some of the officers of the society 
present here today, Mrs. Jennie C. 
Morton, our distinguished Regent 
and Secretary, and Miss Sally 
Jackson, our Librarian, who recall, 
not only that you were the so- 
ciety's first president, but that you 
were one of its warmest and most 
faithful friends; and many of us 
know that you have so continued 
throughout all the years of its his- 

^'As an evidence of your regard 
for the society, when you retired 
from the office of Governor, thirty- 
two years ago, you presented it 


ll«0iil»r or tiM KontiMlcy WkaU HNHprlM ^oeMy. 

with a souvenir of yonr adminis- 
tration— the inkstand which yon 
had used during your term. That 
you may know how deeply the gift 
was appreciated, we have called 
today to show you that we have 
preserved it. Amd as a token of 
our esteem, we now propose to 
Joan it to you for four years, and 
to present you this pen, pen rest 
and tray, and ask that you honor 
the society by using them. 

^^And, again speaking for the 
society, let me assiure you of our 
very best wishes for the success of 
your administration, and of the 
happiness we shall derive from 
your as^sociation, counsel and ad- 
vice. ' ' 


There was nothing new in the 
visit of President Taft to the citv 
of Frankfort, for the unveiling of 
the Lincoln Statue, on the 8th 
day of November, 1911. Wie, as the 
people of Frankfort, are accus- 
tomed in our day to visits of 
the most distinguished statesmen, 
writers, artists, poets of the world. 
In our recollection, Hays, Grant, 
and Arthur have been here. How 
long they were here we do not 
know, or whom they visited. Then 
in early days, 1794, 1797, 1821, we 
had Louis Phillippe, afterwards 
King of France, as visitor for 
some time. He went from here to 
Bardstown to teach school, where 
he remained (incognito) until re- 

called to France. (See Begister, 
Jan. 1909, Department Inquiries 
and Answers.) 

We had President Monroe, Pres- 
ident Madison and Andrew Jack- 
son. Just before Jackson came, 
we learn, it was feared he would 
receive a sound whipping for his 
invidious remarks about the Ksn- 
tuckians at the Battle of New Or- 
leans, 1815. But when hearrived 
he was received kindly. He was 
then regarded as one of the great 
war generals of the world and a 
prospective candidate for Presi- 
dent of the United States, which 
he became at the next election. 

James Buchanan lived in Eliz- 
abethtown, Ky., and was often in 
'* pretty little Frankfort.'^ Gen- 
eral Zachary Taylor had the 
warmest reception and most hon- 
oring of any of the Presidents. 
The old newspapers of 1849 are 
filled with accounts of his tri- 
umphal entry into the city, and 
the honors paid him during his 
stay. He was then on his way to 
Washington to his Inauguration 
on March 4, 1849. So it will be 
seen that Frankfort is used to 
great men and great occasions. 

We understand President Taft 
thought Frankfort **a cold little 
town.^' Doubtless, he forgot for 
the while, he came on a funeral oc- 
casion, the unveiling of a monu- 
ment to the dead. The conduct of 
the people of Frankfort was mere- 
ly in harmony with the spirit of 
the occasion. 

Register of the Kentucky State Hfetorlcal Society. 





Kentucky was the home and 
burial place of at least three of 
the earliest inventors of steam- 
boats — John Fitch, James Bum- 
sey and Edward West. The lat- 
ter was bom in 1757 in Virginia, 
and removed in 1788 (one account 
says in 1785) to Lexington, where 
he died August 23, 1827. 

He was the first watchmaker 
there, was a gunsmith by trade, 
and a man of great inventive 
genius. He constructed a steam- 
boat on a small scale, which in 
1794, in the presence of hundreds 
of citizens, he had the proud satis- 
faction to see move through the 
water with great velocity, in an ex- 
perimental trial on the town fork 
of Elkhom, previously damned 
up near the center of Lexington 
for the purpose. This miniature 
steamboat had no fly-wheels; but 
to overcome the dead point, the 
piston-rod was made to strike me- 
tallic springs at every return mo- 
tion given by the steam. The iden- 
tical engine — or rather the cylin- 
der, piston-rod, frame work, sup- 
ply and escape pipe — ^were pre- 
served for more than fifty years 
in the museum of the Adelphi So- 
ciety of Transylvania University, 
and have since been transferred to 

H. R— 6. 

the museum of the Eastern Luna- 
tic Asylum. 

On July 6, 1802, Mr. West re- 
ceived a United States patent for 
his steamboat invention. Why he 
delayed until then obtaining a 
patent, we have not learned. On 
the same day he was awarded 
three other patents— for a gun- 
lock, for a nail cutting machine, 
and for a nail cutting and heading 
machine* — the first ever invented, 
and which the celebrated English 
traveler, F. A. Michaux, in 1805, 
said cut, in twelve hours, 5,320 
pounds of nails, and the patent of 
which **he sold at once for $10,- 
000.*' Lexington, shortly after, 
actually exported nails of her own 
manufacture to Louisville, to Cin- 
cinnati, and even to Pittsburg — 
which is now the most extensive 
nail manufacturing point in the 
United States, if not in the world. 

April 28, 1816 (only four and a 
half years after the first steamboat 
in the West), a steamboat made by 
Bosworth and West, on Mr. 
West's model, left the mouth of 
Hickman creek, on the Kentucky 
river, in Jessamine county, for 
New Orleans. This boat, an edi- 

♦Letter from Prof. Geo. C. Schaefer, U. 
S. Patent Office. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

torial notice in the Kentucky Ga- 
zette says, was upon a plan distinct 
from any other steamboat then in 
use, and on a trial against the cur- 
rent of the Kentucky river, at a 
high stage, more than answered 
the sanguine expectations of her 
owners (a company of Lexington 
gentlemen), and left no doubt that 
she could stem the current of the 
Mississippi with rapidity and ease. 
She did not return. 

In 1796, Nathan Burrows (who 
had settled in Lexington four years 
before, and died in 1846) intro- 
duced into Kentucky the manufac- 
ture of hemp — being the pioneer in 
that branch of manufactures; but 
through the unworthiness of 
agents, he never reaped from it 
any advantage, although he invent- 
ed a machine for cleaning hemp. 
He afterward introduced the man- 
ufacture of mustard, and manu- 
factured an article which has been 
famous for fifty years — even tak- 
ing the premium in England, at 
the World's Fair in 1851, where it 
was shown by his relative and suc- 
cessor, Captain Samuel Davies Mc- 
Cullough, who was still manufac- 
turing it when he died January 11, 

Dr. Joseph Buchanan, while 
studying medicine in Lexington, 
in 1805, invented a musical instru- 
ment producing its music from 
glasses of different chemical com- 
position, and originated the con- 
ception of the Music of Light — to 
be executed by means of harmo- 
nific colors luminously displayed. 
The invention was never put in 

About 1803, John Jones* (who 
died in Lexington in 1849, aged 90) 
invented a speeder spindle; and 
also a machine for sawing stone. 

Thomas Harris Barlow— bom 
August 5, 1789, in Nicholas county, 
Ky., and died June 22, 1865, in 
Cincinnati, Ohio — ^was the most in- 
genious and celebrated of Lexing- 
ton inventors. His education was 
limited. He was a soldier of the 
War of 1812, in Colonel Richard 
M. Johnson's regiment. He built 
a steamboat at Augusta, Bracken 
county. After his removal to Lex- 
ington, he built in the winter of 
1826-7, a steam locomotive, with 
car attached, for two passengers, 
and with power to ascend an ele- 
vation of eighty feet to the mile. 
In May, 1827, it was opened to the 
public for exhibition, in a large 
room over Joseph's Bruen's ma- 
chine shop, where an oval track 
around the room was constructed, 
and the first '* train" in western 
America put in motion. General 
Leslie Combs, Dr. Wm. S. Chip- 
ley, and other old citizens are still 
living who took a ride at fifty cents 
a ticket. Samuel Robb purchased 
the novelty for travel— visiting 
Louisville, Nashville, Memphis and 
New Orleans, at which latter place 
it was burned while on exhibition. 
In 1827 he built another locomotive 
and sold it to a party who found 
it profitable to travel and exhibit 
it. In 1835 another locomotive — 
with two upright cylinders and 
lever beams, both engines attach- 
ed to one engine, with crooks at 
right angles and upright boilers — 

*Ranck, page 185. 

Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 


was built by Joseph Bruen, for the 
new railroad from Lexington to 
Frankfort, constructed of strap- 
iron rails spiked down to stone 
sills, which proved to be as unsub- 
stantial as its advocates claimed 
it would be substantial. 

In 1845, in the silversmith shop 
of his son, Milton Barlow, he piade 
a small rude planetarium, to illus- 
trate the motion of the heavenly 
bodies in teaching his grandchil- 
dren. The idea grew as he studied 
and labored, and his son and Wil- 
liam J. Dalsem aided him in 
working out such combinations of 
gearing as produced the minute 
fractional relative revolutions of 
the planets. After three years 
patient labor, the first fine instru- 
ment was completed, and sold in 
1849 to Girard Oollege, Phila- 
delphia. Other instruments were 
built during the next ten years, 
and after the exhibition of one at 
the World *s Fair in New York, in 
1851, sold for $2,000 each; two of 
the larger size to Congress for the 
Military Academy at West Point, 
N. T., and the Naval Academy at 
Annapolis, Md., and one to the 
city of New Orleans — ^besides a 
number of smaller ones to colleges 
and public institutions. Thus has 
Kentucky the honor of presenting 
to the scientific world the only per- 
fect instrument to show the mo- 
tions of the solar system — the 
dates of all eclipses, of the tran- 
sits of Mercury and Venus, and 
every other suggested problem 
during hundreds of years, that sci- 
entific men were curious to test it. 
It is one of the most exact and 

wonderful combinations of ma- 
chinery ever made. 

In 1840, Mr. Barlow had invent- 
ed a rifled cannon, and made a 
model, but laid it aside. In 1855, 
encouraged by the liberality of 
Congress;, in buying two of his 
planetariums, he obtained for his 
gun a patent, with the most com- 
prehensive claims. Congress ap- 
propriated $3,000 for an experi- 
mental gun — ^which was cast at 
Knapp and Totten's great foundry 
in Pittsburg, and taken to Lexing- 
ton to be rifled and completed by 
the father and son. It weighed 
finished 6,900 pounds, was five and 
a half inches bore, and twisted one 
turn in forty feet. It then was sent 
to Washington navy yard to be 
tested, and developed greater ac- 
curacy and range than was expect- 
ed. Although neglected for awhile 
by our own government, it atti act- 
ed the attention of foreign minis- 
ters and agents, and is believed to 
have originated or suggested most 
of the rifled guns of Europe ami 
the United States. 

Previous to this Mr. Barlow in- 
vented an automatic nail and tack 
machine, which capitalists eagerly 
purchased. About 1861, a stroke 
of paralysis, from which he re- 
covered but partially, cut short 
Mr. Barlow's usefulness as an in- 
ventor. His son Milton, on return- 
ing from the Confederate army in 
1865, gathered up the fragments 
of $9,000 worth of planetariums 
built for educational institutions 
in the South — ^which could not 
reach them on account of the Civil 
War, and which were broken to 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 

pieces or scattered by the malicious 
and destructive spirit of some 
Federal soldiers — ^and finished two 
in elegant style. One of these, by 
the liberality of the Kentucky Leg- 
islature, he was enabled to exhibit 
at the World's Exposition in 
Paris, France, in 1867 — as Ken- 
tucky's contribution to that grand 
collection of the products of all 
civilized nations. It received the 
highest premium awarded to any 
illustrative apparatus. (Collins' 
History of Kentucky, Volume 


In the Pioneer Days When the 
First Churches Formed in 
Kentucky, and Harrodsburg 
Figures Largely in Their Or- 
ganization — A Choice Bit of 

(Harrodsburg Republican.) 

An article on the oldest churches 
in Kentucky, published last week 
by A. C. Quisenberry, the histo- 
rian, contains some things very in- 
teresting to Harrodsburg people. 
He says that the first organized 
church in the State was of the Bap- 
tist denomination. It was formed 
by a colony from Orange county, 
Virginia, who started out to settle 
at Boonesboro, taking their * bet- 
ters'' from Pamunky Baptist 
church. Meeting up with Eev. 
Robert Elkin, a Baptist preacher, 
just beyond what is now the bor- 
der of the State, they formed 

themselves into a church, making 
him their minister, and marched 
forward into the new country car- 
rying their church constitution 
with them, and built Old Provi- 
dence church in Clark county. This 
was in 1781, but there had of 
course, been divine services held in 
the State before, though no denom- 
inational congregation had been 
formed. 'Squire Boone, a brother 
of Daniel Boone, was a Baptist 
minister, and as early as 1776 Kev. 
Thomas Tinsley was preaching 
regularly at Harrodsburg. 

This historian says that as far 
back as he can verify the first 
Presbyterian church was organ- 
ized in 1783 by Rev. David Rice, 
affectionately called * ^Father 
Rice," at Danville. The same 
year he established two other 
Presbyterian churches, one at Cane 
Run in Mercer county, and the 
other at the Forks of Dix river. 
He preached longest at Cane Run, 
and is buried in the graveyard 
adjacent to the church. 

The first Catholic church was or- 
ganized in Nelson county in 1787 
by Bishop Whalen, sent out by the 
Bishop of Baltimore for that pur- 
pose. In 1783 the first Methodist 
*' class" was organized in a neigh- 
borhood about six miles from 
where Danville now stands, but 
the first regular church was not es- 
tablished until 1790 at Masterson's 
Station, in Fayette count}''. 

This historian states that the 
two branches of the Christian 
church . developed in Kentucky 
after 1804. The ^ ^ Newlights, " 
followers of Barton W. Stone, 

Register of the Kentiicky 8Ute Historical Qociety. 


erected their first church during 
that year at Cane Bidge, in Bour- 
bon county. In 1825 the ''Carnp- 
bellite'* branch, or the adherents 
of Bev. Alexander Campbell, es- 
tablished a church at South Elk- 
horn, and the two branches united 
into one body at a meeting in Lex- 
ington on January 1, 1832. 

The first regularly organized . 
Episcopal church was what is now 
Christ Cathedral, in Lexington 
and it was formed in 1809 with 


Bev. James Moore as the first rec- 
tor. However, as early as May, 
1775, there is a record that Bev. 
Mr. Lythe, an Episcopal minister, 
was a delegate from Harrodsburg 
to a legislative assembly, opened 
at Boonesboro on that date, and he 
preached to the people here. Bev. 
Mr. Lythe is generally conceded 
by historians to be the first min- 
ister who ever held divine service 
in Kentucky, as he preached ** un- 
der a magnificent elm tree at the 
settlement at Harrod's Fort.'* In 
the records of the Boonesboro as- 
sembly is still to be seen this state- 
ment: "Bev. Mr. Lythe, one of the 
delegates from Harrodsburg, ob- 
tained leave to bring a bill to pre- 
vent profane swearing and Sab- 
bath breaking.^' 

It is also an interesting fact that 
the sect known as **Soul Sleepers '* 
sprang up in Mercer and Boyle 
counties in 1782 under the minis- 
tration of Bev. Wm. Terhune. The 
principal articles of their faith was 
that the soul sleeps with the body 
after death xmtil the resurrection; 
that Q-od is material; that Jesus 
was the first created being and 
that baptism is essential to salva- 

tion. The Soul Sleepers built a 
church several miles from Har- 
rodsburg, not far from Nevada, 
which stood for many years after 
the sect had died out, and was only 
torn down a few years ago. 



Author; 6. Henry Co., Ky., Jan. 
7, 1827; s. Zachariah and Mildred 
(Dupuy) S.; ed. Bacon Coll., Ky.; 
m. Sue Helm, of Shelby Co., Ky., 
Jan. 27, 1852; 2d, Anna A. Pitt- 
man, of- Louisville, June 5, 1890. 
Engaged in farming; pres. Henry 
Coll., New Castle, Ky., during 
Civil War; Sup. Pub. Instm. of 
Ky., 1867-1871, and author of post- 
bellum sch. system of Ky. ; origi- 
nator, and pres. Cumberland and 
Ohio B. B. Co., 1869-73; engaged 
in ry. constrn. in Tex. ; 4 yrs. mgr. 
of a dept. for D. Appleton & Co., 
pubs.. New York; one of founders 
and 12 yrs. pres. Ky. Christian 
Edn. Soc. ; a curator of Ky. (now 
Transylvania) U., Lexington, since 
1858. Mem. Ky. Hist. Soc, Ohio 
Valley Hist. Soc. Ciuh: Filson. 
Author: History of Kentucky; 
Memoirs of the Mother of Henry 
Clay; School History of Kentucky, 
1889 ; Battle of New Orleans ; His- 
tory of the Eeformation of the 19th 
Century, Inaugurated, Advocated, 
and Directed by Barton W. Stone, 
of Kentucky, 1800 to 1832. Ad- 
dress: 127 W. Btoadway, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Ttis biographical sketch above 
appears in a book called, **Who'3 
Who,'^ in Chicago. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


For the Christian Observer. 


By Rev. W. W. Moobe, D. D., LL.D. 

The following delightful tribute 
to the South and the Southern 
people by Mr. Edward W. Bok, the 
distinguished editor of the 
** Ladies' Home Journal, '* appear- 
ed sometime ago, but it is worthy 
of reproduction from time to time: 

**The most wholesome American 
ideas, those ideas upon which our 
government rests, are nowhere so 
prevalent as they are at present in 
the South. * * * They do not ques- 
tion Divine laws in the South ; they 
accept and perpetuate them. In- 
tellectual progress there goes hand 
in hand with strict adherence to 
the accepted beliefs of religion. 
The Southern mother does not ex- 
plain the Bible to her children in 
the light of so-called * modem 
teadungs.' She places it in their 
hands as her mother gave it to her. 
And with the fundamental princi- 
ples of religion the Southern child 
is taught patriotism and a love of 
country; hence religion and pa- 
triotism stand side by side in the 
education of a Southern child. 

**The Southern people believe in 
progress, but progress along 
healthy, rational lines. Theories, 
which mentally upset, find no sym- 
pathy with them. They are con- 
tent to move slowly, but sanely and 
surely. And some day when the 

vast majority of us who live in 
other portions of this country get 
through with our camping-out civ- 
ilization, when we drop our boast- 
ful manners, when we get old 
enough to understand that there is 
a stronghold of conservatism 
which stands between tyranny and 
anarchism, our eyes will turn to- 
wards the South. And we will see 
there a people who are American 
in ideas and in living; a people 
worshipful, progressive, earnest, 
courageous and patriotic — a people 
who have made of their land, 
against defeat and prejudice, Hhe 
heart of America.' '' 
Richmond, Va. 



Gbavbs — Removal op Soubcb op 
Sectional Bittebness — ^Pbesi-* 


(From a Rlchmoihl, Va. Bzchanffe.) 

Arlington, once the home of 
Robert E. Lee, nqw a national mil- 
itary cemetery, years ago became 
a shrine for the people of the 
North, owing to the nearly 16,000 
Union soldiers buried there; and 
likewise in late years of the people 
of the South in love and honor of 
General Lee, and the Confederate 
soldiers having graves in the Con- 
federate section. The Lee mansion 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


has become an imposing memorial, 
the grandest in that vast field of 
monuments. And the most not- 
able and beautiful site of graves in 
the entire area of 400 acres is the 
Confederate section. 

The Southern visitor to Arling- 
ton at once seeks the mansion, and 
as he reverently treads its stately- 
halls and apartments, and stands 
within the eight pillars of its 
Doric porch, his thoughts naturally 
turn to reflection upon the purity 
of life and character and the won- 
derful military genius and career 
of General Lee. 

Arlington was the home with 
which he was most closely identi- 
fied, and his name can no more be 
diisassociated from it than can be 
George Washington's from Mount 
Vernon. His name and fame will 
cling to it as long as there is a tree 
or a sAone left to mark the historic 
spot. The extensive grove of 
druidical oaks surrounding the 
mansion, the multitude of monu- 
ments and white headstones rest- 
ing under the wide-spreading 
branches; tl^e historic Potomac 
flowing at its base, broadening out 
for many miles in fair view; the 
beautiful city of Washington, with 
the Washin^on Monument, the 
Capitol, the White House and other 
public buildings, and the parks, all 
in majestic panorama, make the 
outlook from the Lee mansion su- 
premely impressive and beautiful. 

From the city of Washington, 
on the farther side of the Potomac 
river, Arlington appears as an 
elevated plateau immersed in 
trees of mature growth; from the 
summit of the approach gleams 

the exceedingly simple classic fac- 
ade of the renowned mansion, re- 
minding one of a Greek temple. 
A pantheon at which Americans 
assemble with patriotic pride and 
reverence to heroes from all sec- 
tions of the country. 

These familiar facts are recited 
here to emphasize the notable 
change in sentiment that has come 
in respect to Arlington since the 
year 1868, when Federal soldiers 
with fixed bayonets tore from the 
graves of the Confederate soldiers 
the wreaths of flowers which had 
been laid upon them by their rela- 
tives and friends, and compelled 
those patriotic men and women to 
leave the burial grounds at point of 

It is the story of this change and 
the manner in which it was brought 
about that I wish to make better 
known to your readers. 

Soon after Colonel Bobert E. 
Lee left his home in April, 1861, to 
espouse the cause of his native 
State, the Federal authorities took 
possession of these admirably sit- 
uated broad lands for military 
uses, and so held them until Jan- 
uary, 1864, when they were caused 
to be sold for ijon-payment of war 
taxes, the Federal government be- 
coming the purchaser at a nominal 
valuation. After the death of his: 
mother, in 1873, George W. Custis; 
Lee brought a suit in ejectment 
and successfully contested the le- 
gality of the title of the Federal 
government under the tax sale. 
But on these lands had been estab- 
lished a military cemetery in 1864, 
a graveyard for soldiers of the 
Federal army, together with negro 


Aegltier of the Kentucky State Hielorlcal Society. 

contrabands, refugees and Con- 
federate soldiers who had died in 
hospital and prison in the District 
of Columbia, designated as rebels. 
In time this graveyard became a 
sort of Walhalla for Union sol- 
diers, and for a long period a large 
number of the people of the North 
seemed to find some grim satisfac- 
tion in the fact that the old home 
of the Lee family had been per- 
verted forever to such purposes. 
On the other side, the Southern 
people felt that great outrage was 
being done. They had borne with- 
out murmur the hardships of war, 
but thought it more than unseem- 
ly that the government should mis- 
use in this way the home of the 
Lee family. 

Under these irremediable cir- 
cumstances General Custis Lee was 
prevailed upon to consent to a 
forced sale to the United States 
government. Accordingly, the 
United States Congress in 1883 ap- 
propriated the sum of $150,000 for 
the purpose, and General Lee, per- 
force, made conveyance of these 
broad landsi, most eligibly located, 
of more than 1,100 acres, thus be- 
ing ruthlessly wronged of his 
rightful inheritance. 

The Southern people will ever 
hold that the Lee family have been 
despoiled by the Federal govern- 
ment, but they have come to rec- 
ognize the fact that this action of 
a past generation of the Federal 
government is a deed accomplish- 
ed, and beyond recall, repair or 
remedy. Since the scattered re- 
mains of Confederate soldiers have 
been brought together in an appro- 
priate plot and the graves suit- 

ably marked, many Southern peo- 
ple visiting Washington, journey 
to the Confederate section to honor 
the memory of those valiant sol- 
diers; and once each year, thou- 
sands go there to strew flowers 
over those beloved dead ; and after 
performing that sacred duty, flow- 
ers are placed at the base of the 
monument erected to the unknown 
Union dead. How and by whom 
was this great change in sentiment 
brought about? Certainly gener- 
ous-minded and patriotic men on 
both sides must have joined in the 
accomplishment of a result so 

Twelve years ago. Dr. Samuel E. 
Lewis, a generous and sympathetic 
Confederate soldier veteran, and 
and some of his comrades of 
Washington, District of Columbia, 
began an investigation to ascertain 
the number and condition of the 
graves of Confederate soldiers in 
Arlington and in the District of 
Columbia. At this time, it was the 
general belief of the Southern peo- 
ple that not exceeding a half 
dozen Confederate dead were left 
in Arlington, two hundred and 
forty-one bodies having been re- 
moved to the States of Virginia, 
North Qarolina and South Caro- 
lina in the early seventies. Dr. 
Lewis and his associates pursued 
their search among the seventeen 
thousand graves in the cemetery 
and, after considerable labor and 
difficulty, finally located one hun- 
dred and thirty-six graves of Con- 
federate soldiers interspersed with 
those of Union soldiers, negro con- 
trabands, refugees and other civ- 
ilians. There was nothing on the 

Register of ther Kentucky State Hietoricat Society. 


plain headstone-slabs to indicate 
that they were graves of Confed- 
erate soldiers, or soldiers at all, 
nor to distinguish them from negro 
contrabands, nor did the registry 
qf the dead in Arlington, which 
was kept by the superintendent, 
furnish any data concerning 
them, except their names and that 
they were Confederate soldiers. 
The existence of many of these 
graves was unknown to the super- 
intendent of the cemetery, although 
he had been in charge of the 
grounds for seven years. 

When this thorough and exhaust- 
ive investigation was completed at 
Arlington, the same gentlemen 
proceeded to locate all the graves 
of Confederate soldiers in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and found an 
additional number of 128, which 
were finally brought to Arlington, 
making the total number recovered 
264, and then the military record 
of each of the dead soldiers was, 
as far as possible, looked up and 
made a matter of public record. 
Dr. Lewis and his comrades had 
been engaged in this work four or 
five months when President Mc- 
Kinley made his speech of Decem- 
ber 14, 1898, at Atlanta, Ga., in 
which he said that the time had 
come for the people of the whole 
country to share in the care of the 
graves of Confederate soldiers. 
Shortly after this time the Broad- 
way Bouss Camp of Confederate 
Veterans was organized by Dr. 
Lewis and others for the purpose 
of carrying on this work, and a 
committee of the camp at once 
petitioned President McKinley to 
have a suitable plot of ground in 

Arlington set apart where all of 
the Confederate dead in that 
cemetery and in other cemeteries 
in the District of Columbia might 
be collected and their graves 
marked by appropriate head- 
stones. This petition was most 
kindly received by Mr. McKinley, 
resulting in a site being selected 
and platted, but there being no 
law under which the bodies could 
be removed and no appropriation 
to pay the expense of such remov- 
al, an appeal was made to Con- 
gress for the necessary legislation. 
Senator Hawley, of Connecti- 
cut, a brave and fair-minded ex- 
Union general, was at this time 
Chairman of the Committee on 
Military Affairs of the Senate, 
and when he learned through his 
friend. General Marcus J. Wright, 
the condition of these graves, he 
readily agreed to give the matter 
prompt attention. A statement 
of the facts, in writing, and an es- 
timate of the probable cost were 
furnished the proper Committees 
of the Senate and House of Eepre- 
sentatives, by Dr. Lewis and Gen- 
eral Wright. At the request of 
Senator Hawley, Dr. Lewis, and 
General Wright, prepared a suit- 
able bill providing for remedial 
measures to be laid before Con- 
gress. This bill was introduced 
and passed both Houses and 
became a law. It authorized 
the Secretary of War to have re- 
buried in some suitable spot in 
Arlington Cemetery and the graves 
marked with proper headstones*, 
the bodies of the Confederate sol- 
diers in Arlington and in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and appropri- 


Register of the Kentucky 8tate HIetorieal Qoclety. 

ated a sufficient sum of money to 
cover the necessary expenses. 

The bodies were all carefully 
disinterred and reburied in the 
presence of a committee of the 
Broadway Bousa Qamp, of which 
Dr. Lewis is the commander, and 
each grave was properly marked 
with a white marble headstone of 
distinctive shape to distinguish 
Confederate graves from those of 
negro-contrabands and others, in- 
scribed on it the name of the sol- 
dier, his company, regiment and 
State, and the letters *'C. S. A.,'' 
signifying Confederate States 
Army. The ground in the Confed- 
erate section was laid off and beau- 
tifully improved by grading, con- 
structing driveways and planting 
of trees and by raising of a mound 
in the centre of the section. All of 
this work was done in the kindest 
and most considerate manner by or 
under the direction of the officials 
of the War Department, and under 
the observation of a committee of 
the Broadway B!ouss Camp. 

Each year, on the Sunday fol- 
lowing the birthday anniversary of 
Jefferson Davis, appropriate and 
impressive ceremonies are con- 
ducted in the Confederate section. 
Orations are delivered by promi- 
nent speakers!, Southern airs are 
sung by selected choirs, and instru- 
mental music is rendered by a mil- 
itary band, acting under orders of 
the Secretary of War. When these 
ceremonies are concluded a South- 
em cross is formed of young 
women on the ground; then they 
and others proceed to decorate all 
of the gravea Large crowds of 
Southern people participate in 

these services, and in these assem- 
blies may always be seen many in- 
terested and sympathetic men who 
were Union soldiers. 

Following the reburial of the 
Confederate dead in Arlington, 
Dr. Lewis undertook an investiga- 
tion of the locations and conditions 
of the 30,000 Confederate graves 
in the Northern States, and caused 
to be introduced a bill in Congress 
for an appropriation for remedial 
measures regarding the same. The 
appropriation was made in 1906, 
and that great work is now in pro- 
cess of accomplishment. 

Thus has been removed a great 
source of sectional bitterness ex- 
isting since the downfall of the 
Confederate government. 


(LouiayiUe Courier-Journal.) 

In the yard of the Silas Duncan 
residence! at Eastwood, near Louis- 
ville, ia the monument erected by 
the State to conunemorate the 
death of fourteen of the pioneers 
who fell in Floyd's defeat and are 
buried in a nearby ravine. The 
monument gives date of 1783, but 
authenticity times the disaster as 
September, 1781. 

Some twenty-five or thirty men, 
commanded by Col. John Floyd, 
were en route to bury the dead and 
avenge the Long Bun massacre, 
which had occurred the previous 
day. Maj. Bland Ballard, who was 
of the party, and who had com- 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


manded during the massacre of 
the previous day, advised the pre- 
cautionary measure of sending out 
scouts to locate the enemy. His ad- 
vice was disregarded, however, 
and before reaching Long Run, 
sixteen of their number fell at the 
first fire of the Indians, who were 
ambushed in the ravine. 

The late Dr. Robert W. Pearce, 
of Louisville, stated to the writer 
that **near the sink where were 
buried the fourteen pioneers, a 
tree was standing marked by four- 
teen tomahawk chops." He was at 
one time owner of the land where- 
on the fight occurred. 

An incident connected with the 
tragic event was the reconciliation 
of Col. Floyd and Samuel Wells, a 
boy of fourteen years. 

For some time previous to the 
defeat there had existed most 
strained relations between Col. 
Floyd and Wells. When the Long 
Run expedition was forming, 
Floyd ordered Wells to join the 

**I have no horse," replied the 

**Then take one," conmianded 
the officer and was doubtless sur- 
prised that the youth promptly 
obeyed by seizing the bridle of the 
horse on which Col. Floyd was 
mounted. What immediately fol- 
lowed is not recorded, but Isaac 
Boone, an eyewitness, related the 
following incident bearing on it: 

** During the retreat, Col. Floyd, 
a large, fleahy man, was afoot and 
almost exhausted. Wells discover- 
ing hia condition, dismounted, 
urged and assisted him to mount 
the horse and walked beside him 

until they reached a place of 

** Colonel, that brought you to 
your milk," remarked Boone. 

**He is a noble boy and has 
saved my life," was Floyd's re- 

Subsequently, Samuel Wells was 
awarded the military promotion. 

The Long Run Massacbe. 

At Lynn Station two prospective 
bridal parties awaited the coming 
of a minister, and Maj. Bland Bal- 
lard, with another, had started to 
Brashear Station to secure the 
services of the Baptist divine, John 

On the way, Ballard, discovering 
the trail of a large body of Indians 
evidently destined for Boone Sta- 
tion, immediately returned to 
Lynns, sent a messenger to Bear- 
grass Station and hastened to 
warn the settlers at Boones — 
** Painted Stone." 

A council was held and for some 
onknown reason 'Squire Boone, 
his family, including Enoch, the 
first male child bom in the Ken- 
tucky wilds, and a few other fam- 
ilies, decided to delay until the 
second day their departure for the 
more secure Lynn Station. 

Those who refused to remain 
had reached the bed of the stream. 
Long Run, when they were attack- 
ed, front and rear, by a large body 
of Indians. 

Maj. Bbllard rushed to the sev- 
eral points of attack, to and fro, 
bravely aiding in the defense of the 
women and children, but all in 
vain; many were massacred, of 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 

whom were the Misses Hans- 
borough and 'Squire Boone's sis- 
ter-in-law, Mrs. Van Cleave, whose 
severed hand was later recognized 
by the rings upon it. 

The fighting was close and des- 
perate throughout. 

Maj. Ballard had just placed a 
Mrs. Cline upon a horse and siruck 
the animal a blow with his riding 
switch when an Indian snatched 
a sack from the animal's back. 
Ballard killed the savage and 
rushed to the rescue of others. 

Much plunder and some captives 
were taken by the savages; of 
those massacred — about 100— was 
a McCarty, brother of Mrs. Rich- 
ard Chenoweth. 

Some ten days later 'Squire 
Boone and party safely arrived at 
Lynns, where he remained some 
months. At the close of the year 
he returned to his station, which 
was attacked in 1782 by Simon 
Girty and Indians. In 1783 he 
transferred the command to Col. 
Lynch, after which this station, on 
Clear creek, near present Shelby- 
ville, was known as Lynch Station 
— formerly Boone's Station or 
Painted Stone. 

Lou Catherine Clobe. 


Abticles Sent By A. C. 




(From FranMort N'ewfi- Journal.) 

The State Historical Society has 
received the following valuable 

gifts from A. C. Quisenberry, of 
Hyattsville, Md., and they have 
been placed in the priceless collec- 
tions of antiquities in the His-' 
torical Society rooms at the State 

An antique silver watch, with 
description attached. It is 181 
years old, having been made by 
John Harrison the great London 
watchmaker in 1730. 

Copies of two petitions of Ken- 
tucky to the Continental Congress 
in 1780 and 1783. These contain 
the names of many of the early 
pioneers not found on any other 
list and are invaluable records for 
the society. 

A letter from the Navy Depart- 
ment relative to the Kentuckians 
who fought on Perry's ship in bat- 
tle of Lake Erie. 

Mr. Quisenberry is considered a 
most valuable member of the His- 
torical Society. He is a patriotic 
Kentuckian whose pen is ever 
ready to defend his State and 
polish brighter her escutcheon 
with the half-forgotten names and 
deeds that gave her world-wide 


Fob State Histobical Society — 
The Famous Mobgan Habpsi- 


(From Fraoikfort IN'BWB-Jaumal.) 

In response to enquiry about the 
celebrated harpsichord, Mrs. Mor- 
ton, the Regent of the Kentucky 
State Historical Society, writes 
the following: 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


**The harpsichord is now in the 
*Hall of Fame,' where it will re- 
main on exhibition until after the 
meeting of the Historical Society 
on the 3rd of October. After that 
day it will be removed to the Read- 
ing Boom to take its place beside 
the time-honored spinnet, violin, 
guitar and splendid new piano. 

**This harpsichord is one of the 
exclusive five harpsichords made 
for this country — longer ago than 
the historian can date — ^but in 
1830 it was brought to Lexington, 
Ky., the property of the Morgans. 
It had been in that family until 
Mrs. General Basil Duke (who was 
Miss Morgan, of Lexington) died 
some years ago, when she be- 
queathed it to the Albert Sydney 
Johnson Chapter of the U. D. C, 
Louisville, of which chapter she 
was a member. From its efficient 
President, Mrs. Andrew Sea, it 
was purchased for the Kentucky 
State Historical Society. It is a 
magnificent relic, and represents 
the musical culture of the elegant, 
wealthy people of that day in Lex- 

''This harpsichord was loaned 
by Mrs. Duke to the Kentucky 
Building at the Chicago World's 
Fair, and attracted the wonder and 
admiration of the thousands who 
visited the Kentucky Parlor. It is 
hoped it can lend the old-time 
sweetness of its musical strings as 
soon as it can receive the attention 
of a harp tuner, but it is 'a thing 
of beauty' and a treasure as a 
relic, for it once, like 

"The harp that once thro* Tara's halls 
The soul of music shed." 

*'The harp is of great antiquity. 
Only three kinds are known in 
history— David 's harp, the Assy- 
rian harp, and the harpsichord. 
This last style of harp suggested 
the piano to a German musician, 
now about two hundred years ago. 
Since itsi introduction, the harpsi- 
chord (more difficult and expensive 
than th^ piano) has passed to rich 
collectors of rare musical instru- 
ments as valuable antiques. 

**We think the State Historical 
Society is to be congratulated 
upon the possession of one of the 
rarest musical instruments known 
and especially as it adorned once 
an old Kentucky home, now dis- 
tinguished in history as the * Mor- 
gan home in Lexington.' '' 


*'My Old Kentucky Home'' 
Brought a Filipino Boy to This 

Because hearing the song, "My 
Old Kentucky Home," made him 
think Kentucky would be a good 
place to live. Primitive Deleon, of 
Ylog, Occ Neg., Philippine Islands, 
came to this State, and registered 
as a student at Kentucky State 
University. He will take a course 
in agriculture, and make a special 
study of the culture and cure of 
tobacco, and when lie has gradu- 
ated he expects to return to the 
Philippines and engage in the to- 
bacco industry. He is nineteen 
years old, and for three years has 
been a student at the University of 
California. — Ex. 


(Register of the Kentucky 8tate Historical Society. 


John Wanamaker, the big 
Philadelphia merchant, says: ** Ad- 
vertising is not an enterprise for 
a quitter. If there is one enter- 
prise on earth a quitter should 
leave alone it is advertising. To 
make a success of advertising one 
must be prepared to stick like a 
barnacle to a boat's bottom. He 
should know before he begins that 
he must spend money, lots of it. 
Somebody must tell him that he 
can not hope to obtain results com- 
mensurate with his expenditures 
early in the game. Advertising 
doesn't jerk; it pulls. It begins 
very gently at first, but the pull is 
steady. It increases day by day 
and year by year until it exerts an 
irresistible power. ' ' — Ex. 


The first newspaper published 
in America was issued in Boston 
on September 25, 1690. It was 
* Sprinted by R. Pierce for Benja- 
min Harris. ' * In the first issue the 
publisher promised that the paper 
*' shall be furnished once a moneth 
(or if a Glut or Occurrences hap- 
pen, oftener) with an account of 
such considerable things as have 
occurred unto our notice ; to give a 
faithful relation of all such things, 
and to enlighten the public as to 
the occurrents of Divine Provi- 
dence. ' ' It gave a summary of the 
important news of the time and 
was quite readable if not exactly 
spicy. To usi it would appear a 

very harmless sheet; but the au- 
thorities of that day were very 
rigid in their censorship of the 
press, and after a few issues Mr. 
Harris' paper was suppressed be- 
cause *'it came out contrary to 
law, and contained reflections of a 
very high nature. '* — (Ex.) 


The Register of the Kentucky 
State Historical Society for Sep- 
tember is just out, and its table of 
contents insures to the reader an 
unusual amount of fine reading. 
Judge Samuel M. Wilson and A. 
C. Quisenberry each contributes 
an interesting article upon Ken- 
tucky's part in the War of 1812, 
with special reference to ** Perry's 
Victory.'' These articles are of 
unusual interest just now, in view 
of the coming ** Perry's Victory 
Centennial," to be held at Put-In- 
Bay. Mr. Quisenberry 's article 
embraces the first completed list 
ever published of the Kentuckians 
who participated in that famous 
naval battle. This list of names 
adds much value to the splendid 

The picture and biographical 
sketch of the late Hon. Z. F. Smith 
occupy the first page; there is 
also an interesting article from the 
pen of Dr. Thos. Pickett, of Mays- 
ville, and the second installment 
of the Randolph-Railey Genealogy, 
with a picture of the author, Wm. 
E. Railey, also, the Morton Gene- 
alogy, by Miss Morton, of Bir- 
mingham, Alabama; there is also 

Register of the Kentucky 8Ute HMorlcai Society. 


a picture from **The Lady of the 
QuilP' of the Regent of the State 
Historical Society, Mrs. Jennie C. 
Morton, with an account of the in- 
teresting proceedings in connec- 
tion with the conferring of this 
title.— ( Frankfort News- Journal. ) 



The elder Southern, the creator 
of the Lord Dundreary fame, was 
extremely sensitive to interrup- 
tions of any sort. Seeing a man in 
the act of leaving his box during 
the delivery of one of the actor's 
best speeches he shouted out : * * Hi, 
you sir, do you know there is an- 
other actf The offender was 
equal to the occasion, however; he 
turned to the actor and answered 
cheerfully: **0h, yes; that's why 
I'm going!" — ^In Lighter Vein. 


How many ways there are in 
which our peace may be assailed, 
besides actual want I How many 
comforts do we stand in need of, 
besidesi meat and drink and cloth- 
ing! Is it nothing to ** administer 
to a mind diseased" — to heal a 
wounded spirit? After all other 
diflSculties are removed, we still 
want some one to bear our infirm- 
ities, to impart our confidence to, 
to encourage us in our hobbies 
(nay, to get up and ride behind 
us,) and to like us with all our 
faults.— Hazlitt. 

Malherbe, the French poet, on 
account of a delicate ear and refined 
taste, and a habit of criticising 
everything that he saw or heard, 
was called *Hhe tyrant of words 
and syllables." When dying, his 
confessor, in speaking of the hap- 
piness of heaven, expressed him- 
self inaccurately. **Say no more 
about it," said Malherbe, ** or your 
style will disgust me with it." — 
A. P. Eussell, Characteristics. 


CHRISTIANA, Sept. 14.— A bill 
before the Norwegian Parliament 
providing that no marriage shall be 
performed unless the prospective 
bride haa previously obtained a cer- 
tificate attesting a satisfactory 
knowledge of cooking, laundry and 

What two women can do is shown 
by the present splendid condition of 
Kentucky State Historical Society 
and its collection of relics of inter- 
est to the people of the State. Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton and Miss Sally 
Jackson practically have done all 
this by themselves. It is a great 
work that they are doing for future 
generations of Kentuckians and 
their names will go down to fame as 
a part of the present history of the 
State.— Ex. 


RegMer of the Kentucky State HMorical Society. 

markable company of cavalry. In 
the procession were many Confed- 
erates of other commands, also a 
number of Federal oflScers; and 
soldiers — ^with bands playing stir- 
ring martial music — as they march- 
ed down Main street to the Court- 

The Daughters representing the 
delegates from the different chap- 
ters of the U. D. 0. came in ele- 
gant automobiles, provided by the 
citizensi — each one bearing a flag 
with the nature of her chapter. 
It was a magnificent pageant in 
honor of the immortal **John Mor- 
gan and His Men." 

The unveiling took place after 
the oration of E. Carlton Lee, 
which was one of the finest efforts 
of this orator. The cords were 
drawn with graceful ease by Miss 
Frances Breckenridge Steele, a 
granddaughter of General John C. 
Breckenridge — and two little girls, 
one a granddaughter of General 
Bazil Duke — ^the intrepid staff 
officer of John Morgan, and the 
other a granddaughter of General 
John B. Castleman. 

When the veils were drawn 
aside, and the statue, bathed in the 
glory of the evening sun, stood be- 
fore the rapt spectators such a 
shout of enthusiastic applause 
rent the air, as was never heard in 
the old city — since the days when 
'*John Morgan and His Men" 
dashed in thrilling triumph 
through its streets, unheralded 

and unexpected as streaks of light- 
ning from a clear sky. 

The monumentp the hero's name. 
Is now the legacy of fame. 


At Celebration op Centennial of 
River Navigation on the Ohio. 

(From FraiLkfort New«-Journal.) 

The fifth annual meeting of the 
Ohio Valley Historical Association 
will be held at Pittsburg, October 
30 to November 1, inclusive, to 
celebrate jointly with The Histor- 
ical Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania and the City of Pittsburg, 
the centennial of the launching and 
sailing of the '^New Orleans,*' 
October 20, 1811. This was the 
first stteamboat on Western w^aters, 
and its advent was the wonder and 
admiration of that time, opening 
up as it did great possibilities for 
transportation and shipping 
throughout the vast territory of 
the Ohio and Mississippi. 

[W. W. LonCTioor, of Frankfort, 
Ky., isi Vice-President and also 
Curator of the Kentuckv State 
Historical Society and is sent by 
the society to represent Kentucky 
at this unique celebration. He is 
Vice-President of the Ohio Valley 
Historical Societv also — and is on 
a committee of five who have had 
charge of the program for this 
occasion. The program includes 
many interesting papers on steam- 
boats. — Ed. The Register.] 

Department of 
Inquiries and Answers 


Question Editob of the Registeb: 

Why do you not write editorials 
about the newspapers of the day? 
It seems to me if I had your ability 
and your courage, to say and write 
as you think and please to, about 
other things, I would touch them 
up on their stunts, and scandalous 
items. ''B.'' 

Answer. — It is not the province 
of the Begister to reprove the 
newspapers for their lawlessness, 
their license and their liberties, 
with what the Scripture tells 
''should not so much as be men- 
tioned among you.^' They are the 
local collectors of the news and in- 
spectors of the people and the 
events of the day. It seems to us 
the best way to remedy the condi- 
tions you speak of is to improve 
the people, and thus change the 
events. When i^ physician is called 
to heal one who is ill he inquires 
into the conditions that led to the 
illness. He removes these and the 
patient is speedily restored to 
health. So it is with our people 
and onr country. The newspapers 
point out the oonditions of evil. 

The evils must be abolished by the 
physic of enforced laws. Then we 
will have refined and healthy news- 
papers. We deplore as yon do the 

want of refinement in much of the 
literature of the day. We do not 
buy books for our library, where 
the sentiment of the book is not for 
Christian refinement in act and 
conversation. We are trying to 
teach the heathen, and yet it is 
said the heathen laughs at the idea 
of our religion, that permits such 
books and newspapers to be pub- 
lished, and such crimes and immor- 
alities to be committed. They do 
not permit commercial activities to 
interfere, or control social refine- 
ment and literature. So they say 
to the missionary: ''Your peo- 
ple must reform their morality to 
conform to their religion.'* They 
are critics of our Christianity and 
^ur civil gcTvemmeni It is with 
the Christian people to reform the 
newspapers and literature of the 
day. If they were not bought they 
could not long be published. And 
if crime and scandal and immoral- 
ity were punished severely it would 

The sprinkling of the streets 
and rock roadways of Kentucky 
with oil has proved a sucessftd 
treatment to avoid dust The high- 
ways and thoroughfares of the 
cities become intolerable from dust 

Rsfllatar of tht K«ntucky State Hlatarlcal Society. 

in the summer notwithstanding 
they were watered heavily morning 
and evening by hose. The oil has 
solved the problem. Good roads 
are everywhere, and many of them 
are sprinkled copiously with oil — 
which renders the drives in car- 
riage and automobiles now delight- 
ful—without the stain of dust, or 
its suffocation in summer. 

When subscribers do not re- 
ceive their magazines, it is usually 
found they have not renewed their 
subscriptions to the Register. 
The same is true of members 
whose yearly dues have not been 
paid. We cannot continue over 
the second year by courtesy, send- 
ing the Register, unless the an- 
nual dues are paid. 




Newspapers, Magazines, Books and Pamphlets 




The Frankfort News-Journal. 

Louisville Times. 

Harrodsbnrg Republican. 

Maysville Bulletin. 

The World. 

The Woodford Sun. 

The Farmers* Home Journal. 

The Kansas City Times. 

The Lexington Herald. 

• • • 


The World's Work, New York. 

Report of Library of Congress. 

The Watchman, Sample Copy, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

The Ohio State Archaeological 
and Historical Society, Columbus, 

Wisconsin Women in the War, 
by Ethel Alice Hum; Wisconsin 
Historical Society; The Chatta- 
nooga Campaign, by Fitch, Madi- 
son, Wis. 

Ohio Archaeological and Histor- 
ical Quarterly. 

The Appalachian Exposition 
(Pamphlet), Knoxville, Tenn. 

Bulletin of the New York Li- 
brary, 476 Plfth Avenue, New 

Scribner's Magazine, The Cen- 

The American Magazine. 

America, &c., Karl W. Hierse- 

Sherwood's Books — ^Leipsic Ger- 
many, New York City, Maiden 

Annual Report of the American 
Historical Association, 1908, two 

Annual Report of the Smith- 
sonian, Washington, D. C. 

**The Confederate Veteran,'* 
Nashville, Tenn. We like to read 
this faithful journal— so true to the 
Sooth and true to its lost cause. It 
is published monthly— and has in 
each issue a list of creditable pub- 

** Historic Letters, West Chester, 
Penn." Principal Normal Stal^ 
School. Thanks for this valuable 

Vol. n. Report of the Amer* 
ican Historical Association, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Journal of The Presbyterian 
Historical Society, Philadelphia, 

The History Teacher's Maga- 
zine, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Splendid Book. The Commis- 
sion of Achives. Presented to the 
State Historical Society by Sub- 
Committee. Rev. Samuel Hart, D. 
D., J. Pierpont Morgan,- LL. D. 

The Quarterly Journal of the 
University of North Dakota. 

Publication Volume 2, No. 4, of 
the University of California. The 
Portola Expedition of 1769-1770. 
Diary of Miguel Costanso, Berk- 
ley, Cal. 

Historia, Magazine of Oklahoma 
Historical Society, Oklahoma City, 

University of California Bulle- 
tin, September 1, 1911. Third 
Series, Vol. V, No. 3. 

The New England Historic Gene- 
alogical Magazine, October 1, 1911. 

The Quarterly of Texas State 
Historical Society, Austin, Texas. 

The Empire, Magazine of the 
Royal Colcmial Institute, London, 

The October number of the Iowa 
Journal of History and Politics. 
Much enlarged — full of interesting 

Seventeenth Biennial Report of 
the State Historical Society of 

The Missouri Historical Review. 
Edited By F. A. Sampson, Colum- 
bia, Mo. 

Railey-Randolph History and Genealogy 





Thb Randolph-Bailey Gbitbaloqt. 

With this issue of the 1912 Reg- 
ister, this fine historical and gene^ 
alogical chapter of two remark- 
able families^ is conclnded. De- 
scendants! in any part of the United 
States, Canada and England^ if 
these have not been subscribers to 
the Register since last May when 
the first chapter was published— 
can have copies of the magazine 
which was enlarged to supply the 
unusual demand for thisi history 
and genealogy of one of the famous 
families of America. All orders 
promptly attended to at the stated 
price— 25 cents single copies.— BJd. 

Through the indulgence of the 
Editor of the ** Register/' to whom 
I am so deeply indebted for numer- 
ous favors, 1 want to make a re- 
quest of the relatives. I have ear- 
nestly endeavored in my long and 
patient effort to get my family 
record correct in every detail, but 
I recognioe the fact that with such 
a multitude of notes to run over 
for . v^iificatimi it is possible that a 
few minor errors may have crept 
in. If yon find such to be the ease 
I will thank you to advise me of it 
that I may correct my manuscript, 
As^ I shall preserve it. I will idso 
request that you continue the 
record of names and dates of mar« 

riages, birthsi and deaths as they 
occur in your particular lines so 
that if at some future period any 
relative concludes to publish in a 
more elaborate way a history of 
these people, the additional data 
will be more easily obtained. I 
already have my manuscript pre- 
pared with that object in view, giv- 
ing to each descendant a short 
sketch. Many of those sketches 
are already written in my manu- 

To facilitate the work and re- 
lieve me of so much correspondence 
I urgently request that each rela- 
tive who subscribed for the Regis- 
ter make me up a list of all de- 
scendants of whom they have any 
knowledge telling me what busi- 
ness each male is engaged in, his 
religious tenets, political affilia- 
tions! and other matters of interest. 

Do likewise as to the husbands of 
female descendants. In this way 
I can complete my work in a short 
while and have it ready for publi- 
cation on short notice should any 
of the relatives conclude to publish 
it. In this way you could also com« 
pensate me for my lon^ and ex- 
pensive labor of love in placing be- 
fore you your several lines (^ an- 
cestry covering a period of more 
than two und a hidf centuries. I 
hope thai future generations will 
not lower the standard of venera- 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

tion to God and respect for manly 
men set by our ancestors. 

In conclusion I will say that the 
descendants of Thomas Bailey and 
Martha Woodson, Isham Bailey 
and Susanna Woodson and Wil- 
liam Bailey and Judith Woodson 
come from Col. John Woodson and 
Dorothy Bandolph, while those of 
Anna Bailey and Mathew Pleas- 
ants and Bandolph Bailey and 
Martha Bandolph Pleasants come 
from Tarlton Woodson and Ursula 
Fleming. Tarlton Woodson was 
the uncle of Col. John Woodson. 
In order that you may know all 
about your Woodson relatives I 
will suggest, that you will make no 
mistake in subscribing for ^^The 
Woodson Family** soon to be pub- 
lished by Mr. H. M. Woodson of 
Memphis, Tenn. He goes into full 
detail about the Woodsons while 
I merely bring down the direct line. 
He has spent twenty years on the 
work and I am sure it will be worth 
having. Very truly and aflfection- 
ately your kinsman, 

Wm. E. Bailey, 
September 12, 1911. 


Fifth bom of John Bailey and 
Elizabeth Bandolph. Married 
Mathew Pleasants. Their descend- 
ants! : 

John Bailey ^ -Elizabeth Ban- 

Anna Bailey, * bom September 
16, 1759; dii)d 1826. 

Married Mathew Pleasants, 
February, 1784. 

Susanna Pleasants, * bom De- 
cember 2, 1785; died 1865. 

Caroline Fleming Pleasants, * 
bom July 27, 1787; died February 
21, 1852. 

Married William Mayo, 1808. 

Dr. Addison F. Mayo, * bom 
December 6, 1809 ; died 

Married first Francis St. Clair 
September 7, 1831; married second 
Susan M. Wilson, June 19, 1840. 

Addison F. Mayo, Jr., ^ born 
October 18, 1841. 

Married Catherine Gertrude 
Hands, September 30, 1862. 

William Frederick Mayo, * bom 
June 1, 1865. 

Edward Everitt Mayo, * born 
September 24, 1866. 

Married Louisie Willoughby, 
June 30, 1908. 

Francis Gertrude Mayo, ® bom 
April 1, 1869. 

Married Bufus Edgar Turpin, 
January 5, 1889. 

Catherine Bandolph Mayo, • 
bom July 28, 1871. 

Thomas Jefferson Mayo, • 
bom February 4, 1874. 

Anna Lillian Mayo, ® bom July 
4, 1879. 

Married William Henry Tharp, 
September 4, 1902. 

Georgianna Mayo, 4 bom April 
11, 1813; died October 16, 1840. 

Married Dr. Williani P. Harri- 
man, January 12, 1837. 

Dr., William P. Harriman, Jr., * 
bom May 28, 1838. 

Married Elizabeth Bnssell, 
April 5, 1866. 

William Peyton Harriman, • 
bom December 28, 1866; died May 
8, 1883. 

Bnssell Harriman, * bora March 
24, 1868. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Married Josephine Stephens, 

Russell Harriman, Jr., ^ born 
January 31, 1907. 

Albert C. Harriman, ® born No- 
vember 22, 1870. 

Married Hortense Adams, April 
10, 1900. 

Mary Margaret Harriman, ^ '' 
born July 3, 1903. 

Albert C. Harriman, Jr., ^ born 
September 14, 1905. 

William Adams Harriman, . '' 
born April 6, 1909. 

Elizabeth Belle Harriman, ® born 
January 20, 1872; died May 18, 

Married William C. Ross, June 
1, 1892. 

Margaret Ross, ^ born Septem- 
ber 7, 1903. 

Georgiaxma Harriman, ^ bom 
April 30, 1840; died June 27, 1902. 

Married J. F. Rodgers, Decem- 
ber 31, 1861. 

Frank Rodgers, ® bom February 
22, 1869. 

Married Emma Thro, November 
28, 1893. 

Etta Rodgers, ® born April 7, 

Married A. J. Fluke, January 
26, 1899. 

George Fluke, ^ born June 16, 

Vivian Fluke, '' born October 
21, 1903. 

Frederick E. Mayo, * born Jan- 
uary 8, 1816; died. 

Married first, Mary Rankin; 
second, Mary McDowell. 
F. E. Mayo, Jr. « 

Peyton Randolph Mayo, * bom 
May 9, 1818. 

Married, first, Mary James; sec- 
ond, Caroline Prentice. 

Caroline L. Mayo, * born March 
6, 1825 ; died January 7, 1873. 

Married Dr. William P. Harri- 
man, May, 1849. (Her brother-in- 

John Hulsey Harriman^ '^ born 
November 25, 1851. 

Married MoUie Briggs, May 19, 

Robert S. Harriman, ® born May 
25, 1875. 

Married Jennie Stites, June 29, 

Lucile Harriman, ^ born May 31, 

Jennie Harriman, "^ born Decem- 
ber 31, 1907. 

Joseph Halsey Harriman, ^ born 
May 14, 1910. 

Leslie M. Harriman, ® born 
March 25, 1878. 

Married Mabel Chamberlain, 
June 11, 1900. 

Briggs Harriman, ^ born Sep- 
tember 30, 1886. 

Married Iva True, March 28, 

Belle Harriman, ° born 1853; 
died 1866. 

Jennie Harriman, ^ born Febru- 
ary 27, 1854. 

Married Joseph A. Thompson, 
October 19, 1876. 

Carolyne Thompson, ® born 
January 8, 1879. 

Married B. S. Buckridge, Octo- 
ber 19, 1901. 

Mary Elizabeth Buckridge, ^ 
born March 4, 1903. 

Carolyne Buckridge, "^ born Sep- 
tember 19, 1906. 

Josephine Thompson, ® born De- 
cember 5, 1881. 


Reglater of th« Kentucky StaU Historical Society. 

Married Edward T. McDavid, 
November 9, 1904. 

Emma Catherine McDavid, ^ 
born April 3, 1907. 

Gertrude Thompson, ® born De- 
cember 6, 1891. 

Robert L. Harriman, * born 
March 12, 1856. 

Married Rosa Stephens, Febru- 
ary 13, 1883. 

Louise Harriman, ® born June 
30, 1884. 

Married Wilbur Wallace, March 
21, 1906. 

Helen Harriman, ® born July 16, 

Regis A. Harriman, ° bom Sep- 
tember 18, 1858. 

Married Grace McCutchen, 
April 24, 1889. 

John McCutchen Harriman, • 
born February 11, 1890. 

Grace Virginia Harriman, ® 
born December 19, 1898. 

Caroline Mayo Harriman, ^ born 
November 22, 1862. 

Married John D. McCutchen, 
November 8, 1885. 

Louise McCutchen, ^ born De- 
cember 1, 1886. 

Married Griffin Olson, May 15, 

John Olson, '' bom February 5, 

Isabella McCutchen, ® bom July 
23, 1893. 

John D. McCutchen, Jr., ^ born 
August 9, 1898. 

George Woodson Pleasants, ^ 
born July 1, 1789 ; died 1812. 

Peyton Randolph Pleasants, ^ 
born April 19, 1791; died 1817. 

Married Ann Catherine Humph- 
ries. (No issue.) 

Pauline Pleasants, ^ bom July 
16, 1793 ; died 1816. 

Married Robert Johnston. 

Jane Johnston, * 

Married, first, William Agin; 
second, John T. Lyle. 

Pauline Lyle, * died, aged 14 

Annot Mary Lyle, ° died, aged 
16 years. 

John Lyle, * died young. 

Robert Lyle, ^ died, aged 12 

Benjamine Franklin Pleasant 's, 
born November 10, 1795; died 
June 2, 1879. 

Married Isabella McCalla Adair, 
February, 1817. 

Pauline Pleasauts, * bom De- 
cember 13, 1817; died, June 23, 

Ann Catherine Pleasants, * born 
May 2?. 1820; died, September 5, 

Married Rev. Mason Noble, 1836. 

Rev. Joseph Franklin Noble, * 
born August 25, 1837. 

Married Emma M. Prime, June 
4, 1862. 

Mary Noble, ® born September 
22, 1863. 

Married Frederick R. Dudley, 
June 8, 1892. 

Margaret Adair Dudley, ^ born 
April 23, 1895. 

Isabella Pleasants Noble, ® born 
December 22, 1864. 

Married Henry McKeag, August 
16, 1893. 

Catherine McKeag, ^ born July 
21, 1894. 

Catherine Pauline Noble, ^ born 
July 5, 1872; died January 23, 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Henry Prime Noble, * born May 
27, 1874. 

Married Letitia M. Demarest, 
October 12, 1905. 

Henry Prime Noble, Jr., "^ born 
January 30, 1907. 

Bertha Demarest Noble, '' born 
January 19, 1909. 

Alice Noble, « bom May 24, 1878. 

Married Francis M. Ball, No- 
i^ember 28, 1906. 

Francis M. Ball, Jr., "^ bom 
AnfiTost 29, 1907. 

Bev. Mason Noble, * bom Sep- 
tember 12, 1842. 

Married Mary E. Adams, Sep- 
tember 12, 1867. 

George Adams Noble, ® bom 
Jnne 23, 1868. 

Eatherine Pleasants Noble, * 
1k>to Febmary 2, 1870. 

Bose Noble, ® bom September 
6, 1872. 

Mason Noble, • bom October 16, 

Married Minnie Carter, 1906. 

Mary Elizabeth Noble, '' born 
Anfzmst 31, 1907. 

Mason Noble, Jr., ^ born May 

John Adair Noble, ® bom De- 
eember 30, 1879. 

Carl Noble, • bom December 
26, 1881. 

Joseph Franklin Noble, ® born 
Anirust 20, 1885; died A'ugust 22, 

Bev. George Pleasants Noble, ^ 
bom January 4, 1844. 

Married Elizabeth T. Ketcham, 
September 15, 1868. 

Dr. Henry T. Noble, • born Jan- 
uary 27, 1870. 

Married Caroline Leslie Place, 
December 30, 1896. 

George Pleasants Noble, ^ bom 
November 4, 1897. 

Rosalind Noble, ^ bom March 
17, 1900. 

Franklin Pleasants Noble, ^ 
bom March 25, 1872. 

Married Jennie Francis Back- 
hoven, June 18, 1898. 

Jean Noble, ^ bom April 23, 

Enid Noble, ^ born June 30, 

Elizabeth Noble, '' born April 2, 

Fannie Ketcham Noble, • bom 
October 10, 1873. 

Charles Noble, ® born January 
8, 1877. 

Married Grace Charlick, Oc- 
tober 22, 1902. 

Manly O. Noble, ^ born April 25, 

George Pleasants Noble, ® born 

May 29, 1881. 

Rev. Charles Noble, ° bom De- 
cember 3, 1847. 

Married first Alice Thomas, 
January 24, 1874, no issue; mar- 
ried second Mary S. Carlisle, June 
16, 1886. 

Judge George W. Pleasants, * 
born November 24, 1823, died 
October 22, 1902. 

Married Sarah Bulkley, Jan- 
uarj^ 30, 1850, 

Adair Pleasants, ^ born April 8, 

Married Sarah Mary Crawford, 
May 2, 1888. 

Dorothy Pleasants, ® born 
March 18, 1889. 

Mathew Pleasantsi, ® bom Feb- 
ruary 21, 1892. 

Nannie Buell Pleasants, ^ bom 
January 8, 1858. 


96 -^ 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlcat Society. 

Married Samuel A. Lynde, Aug- 
ust 27, 1879. 

Cornelius Lynde, ® born Feb- 
ruary 20, 1881. 

Married Bertha L. Pollock, 
November 25, 1908. 

Margaret Emily Lynde, "^ born 
September 13, 1909. 

Isabel Adair Lynde, ® born Octo- 
ber 9, 1883. 

Married John Francis Dam- 
mann, Jr., November 16, 1909. 

George Pleasants Lynde, ® born 
March 13, 1887. 

Isabel Adair Pleasants, ^ born 
April 13, 1860. 

Married Benjamine Ford Orton, 
April 10, 1888. 

Elen Adair Orton, ® born De- 
cember 12, 1890. 

George B. Pleasants, ^ born June 
26, 1867. 

John Adair Pleasants, ^ born 
May 17, 1826, died November 19, 

Married Virginia Gary Mosbv, 
May 6, 1852. 

Marv Webster Pleasants, ^ born 
February 21, 1853, died March 13, 

Louise McLain Pleasants, ° born 
October 24, 1855. 

Catharine Noble Pleasants, ° 
born April 8, 1857. 

Married Judge Edmund Chris- 
tian Minor, April 18, 1877. 

Louise McLain Minor, ® born 
March 3, 1878, died May 27, 1880. 

Catharine Pleasantsi Minor, ® 
born November 5, 1879, died Sep- 
tember 30, 1887. ^ 

Virginia Adair Minor, ® bom 
July 19, 1882. 

Married Edward Gilchrist, Sep- 
tember 8, 1907. 

Catharine Gilchrist, ^ bom. 

Edmund Christian Minor, ® bont 
January 10, 1885, died October 22, 

Caroline Minor, ® born August 
19, 1887. 

Anna Hyde Minor, ^ bom De- 
cember 3, 1890. 

Lydia Mosby Pleasants, ^ bom 
May 14, 1860. 

Married Benjamine Ladd Pur- 
cell, April 14, 1893. 

Martha Webb Purcell, ® bont 
March 26, 1894. 

John Adair Purcell, ® bom May 
13, 1900. 

Lvdia Mosby Purcell, ^ bonr 
May 9, 1902. 

Benjamine Ladd Purcell, Jr., * 
born July, 1903. 

Rosaline Harrison Pleasants, • 
born September 6, 1864. 

Married William Wharton 
Archer, May 24, 1893. 

Adair Pleasants Archer, ® bom 
AufTust 31, 1894. 

Sheppard Archer, ® born Jan- 
uary 19, 1898. 

William Wharton Archer, Jr., • 
born June 13, 1902. 

Edmund Minor Archer, * born 
September 28, 1904. 

Mathew Franklin Pleasants, * 
born September 17, 1829; died 
November 2, 1906. 

Married Lydia Mosbv, October 
6, 1852. 

Isabella Adair Pleasants, * bom 
October 21, 1853. 

Married Reginald Gilham, Octo- 
ber 16, 1888, no issue. 

Virginia Mosby Pleasants, • 
born Januarv 10, 1856. 

L. McLain Pleasants, " bom 
June 21, 1860; died June 29, 1903. 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorical Society. 


Married Hester Roberta Kyle, 
April 12, 1893. 

Mathew Franklin Pleasants, ^ 
bom March 4, 1894. 

Boberta Elyle Pleasants, ^ bom 
November 30, 1896. 

Catherine Cellers Pleasants, • 
bom September 25, 1898. 

Mathew Pleiasants, " bom July 
22, 1865; died September 24, 1867. 

John Adair Pleasants, ^ bom 
May 14, 1870; died January 7, 

Elizabeth Randolph Pleasants, ' 
bom January 9, 1796; died De- 
cember, 1881. 

Married Douglass Young, 1835. 

Susanna Railey Young, * bom 
March 31, 1836. 

Married Dr. T. K. Layton, De- 
cember 2, 1856. 

Jennie Layton, " born August 
27, 1857. 

Married Andrew Wallace, July 
19, 1888. (No issue.) 

Elizabeth Layton, ^ bom Sep- 
tember 16, 1859. 

Married John M. Garth, Jan- 
nary 28, 1879. 

Jefferson Garth, ® born Febru- 
ary 15, 1880. 

Mattie Garth, • bom June 28, 

Belle Garth, • bom December 

Susanna Garth, • bom Febru- 
ary 3, 1887. 

David W. Layton, ' bom June 
14, 1861. 

Married Maude Vance, May 25, 

Kelby Vance Layton, ^ bom 
March 3, 1893. 

Barbara Layton, ® bom Febru- 
ary 15, 1896. 

H. R. 

Francis Layton, ® bom January 
2, 1899. 

David W. Layton, Jr., • bom 
Febraary 7, 1903. 

Annie Layton, • bom February 
14, 1906. 

Edward S. Layton, • bom Feb- 
mary 16, 1908. 

Wliitney Layton, " bom May 9, 
1864; died April 27, 1907. 

Married Ida Yeaman, February 
26, 1890. 

Douglass Young Layton, ^ bom 
October 27, 1866. 

Married , Zadah McCulIochi 
April 12, 1894. 

Benjamine Pleasants Layton, • 
born May 20, 1896. 

Douglassi Young Layton, Jr., • 
bom August 4, 1900. 

Thomas K. Layton, Jr., ^, bom 
Febraary 28, 1869; died July 5, 

Nannie Layton, ^ born Septem- 
ber 18, 1871. 

Married Charles J. Crabb, 
April 27, 1893. 

Charles Layton Cjrabb, ® bom 
March 3, 1894. 

Elizabeth Crabb, * born Jan- 
uary 9, 1897. 

!Sus)an L. Layton, * born March 
20, 1874. 

Married Marshall B.. Reid, 
August 7, 1895. 

Marshall B. Reid, Jr., ® bom 
August 21, 1897. 

Oscar L. Reid, • bom February 
12, 1900. 

Hugh P. Layton, ' bom Jan- 
uary 18, 1877. 

Ambrose Young Layton, ^ bom 
May 8, 1880. 

Thomas Jefferson Pleasants, ^ 
bom March 6, 1798; died 1817. 

* < 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Mathew Pleasants, ^ bom Feb- 
ruary 14, 1800; died 1818. 

Anna Bailey was the fifth born 
of John Railey and Elizabeth Ran- 
dolph born on ' * Stonehenge " 
farm in 1759. She married 
Mathew Pleasants, third of John 
Pleasants of ^'Pique-nique" and 
Susianna Woodson. Mathew Pleas- 
ants was an uncle of Gov. Pleas- 
ants, of Virginia, and of Martha 
Randolph Pleasants, who married 
Randolph Railey, hence Anna 
Railey became by marriage the 
aunt of her brother Randolph 
Railey, and Mathew Pleasants, by 
marriage was the brother-in-law 
of his neice Martha Randolph 
Pleasants. Beside this, Anna 
Railey and Martha Randolph 
Pleasants were first cousins, their 
mothers being daughters of Col. 
Isham Randolph of ' ^ Dungeness, " 

Susanna Woodson, the mother 
of Mathew Pleasants, was a 
daughter of Tarleton Woodson 
and Ursula Fleming from whom 
the Venables, Bates and many 
other prominent Virginia families 
sprung, and she was a first 
cousin of Col. John Woodson, who 
married Dorothy Randolph, an- 
other daughter of Ool. Isham Ran- 
dolph. The three Woodson girls 
who married three of the brothers 
of Anna Railey were daughters of 
Col. John Woodson and Dorothy 
Randolph, and hence the three 
Woodson girls married their first 
cousins; and it follows that they 
were second cousins and sisters- 
in-law to Mathew Pleasants, and 
first cousins and sisters-in-law of 

Mathew Pleasants' wife, Anna 

Mathew Pleasiants and his wife 
came to Kentucky from Virginia, 
about 1800 »and settled in Wood- 
ford county, in the old Railey 
neighborhood where he died in 
1816. His daughter Caroline 
Fleming Pleasants married Wil- 
liam Mayo, the seventh son of Col. 
William Mavo and Catherine 
Swann of Richmond, Va., This 
couple moved to Cooper county, 
Mo., about 1846. Their son. Dr. 
Addison F. Mayo practiced medi- 
cine for many years in Kentucky. 
His descendants are now residents 
of Colorado. 

George Anna Mayo, sister of 
Dr. Addison F. Mayo, married Dr. 
William P. Harriman. Their son 
Dr. Wm. P. Harriman, Jr., is in- 
terested in the banking business in 
Missouri, but has a \rinter resi- 
dence in San Antonio, Texas, 
where he and his wife, who is re- 
lated to the Throckmortons of 
Kentucky and Virginia, spend 
much of their time. Quite a num- 
ber of this line are in the banking 
business in Missouri and Okla- 

Peyton Randolph Pleasants, 
fourth of Mathew Pleasants and 
Anna Railey married Ann Catha- 
rine Humphries. He died a few 
years after his marriage. If they 
had children I have not been able 
to get a line on them. His widow 
afterwards became Mrs. Knight, 
of Louisville, Ky. 

Benjamine F. Pleasants, the 
sixth of Mathew Pleasants and 
Anna Railev married Isabella 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Adair, daughter of General John 
Adair who served a term as Gov- 
ernor of Kentucky. Benjamine F. 
Pleasants lived at Harrodsburg, 
Ky., for many years after his mar- 
riage and was appointed to a 
position in the Treasury Depart- 
ment of the United States about 
1830 under President Jackson's 
administration and moved his 
family to Washington City, where 
he made his home until his death 
in 1879. Many Kentuckians and 
Virginians! who visited the Capital 
City prior to the Civil War made 
his hospitable home headquarters. 
Benjamine Pleasants and Isabella 
Adair had four children, one 
daughter and three sons who mar- 
ried and reared families. The 
three sons all adopted the profes- 
sion of law and were successful 
lawyers'. The daughter, Ann 
Catherine Pleasants, born at Har- 
rodsburg, Ky., in 1820, married 
Rev. Mason Noble, a Presby- 
terian minister, in the City of 
Washington in 1836. He was a 
chaplain in the United States Navy 
for many years. Four children 
were born of this union all of 
whom, like the father, studied for 
the ministry. Joseph Franklin 
Noble, Mason Noble, Jr., and 
Charles Noble, being of the Con- 
gregational persuasion, and 
George Pleasants Noble adopted 
the Presbyterian faith. The Rev. 
Charles Noble is President of the 
Iowa College at Grinnell, Iowa. 
Carl Noble, son of the Rev. Mason 
Noble, Jr., is a lawyer at Jackson- 
ville, Fla. 

George W. Pleasants, third of 
Benjamine F. and Isabella, mar- 

ried Sarah Bulkley and settled in 
lUinoisi where he was elevated to 
a seat on the Supreme Court 
Bench and served consecutively 
for thirty years. His son, Adair 
Pleasants is now practicing law at 
Rock Island, 111., and Nannie Buell 
Pleasants, daughter of Judge 
George W. Pleasants married 
Samuel A. Lynde, a lawyer of 
Chicago. They have two sons who 
are lawyers in Chicago. 

John Adair Pleasants, fourth 
of Benjamine F. and Isabella, 
married his cousin, Virginia Cary 
Mosby, a descendant of Tarleton 
Woodson and Ursula Fleming. 
They settled at Richmond, Va., 
where he practiced law until his 
death in 1893. Their daughter 
Catharine Noble Pleasants mar- 
ried Judge Edmund Christian 
Minor, of Richmond, Va., where 
she and her sisters now reside. 

Mathew F. Pleasants, fifth of 
Benjamine F. and Isabella, married 
his cousin, Lydia Mosby, sister of 
the wife of his brother John Adair 
Pleasants. He, too, settled at 
Richmond, Va., where he also 
practiced law until his death in 
1906. To their daughter, Virginia 
Mosby Pleasants, I am very much 
indebted for assistance in tracing 
the line of her grandfather, Benja- 
mine F. Pleasants. She and Jier 
sisters and brothers are residents 
of Richmond, Va. 

Elizabeth Randolph Pleasants, 
the seventh of Mathew Pleasants 
and Anna Railey, was born at 
Richmond, Va., in 1796. She came 
with her parents to Kentucky 
when a mere child. She married 
Douglass Young in 1835 at Ver- 


Regitier of th« Kentucky 8taU Historical Society. 

saillea^ Ky., and resided on the 
old Jackson farm near Versailles^ 
Ky.y until they reached an ad- 
vanced age. Only one child bless- 
ed this union whose name was 
Snsan Bailey Young. She married 
Dr. T. K. Layton and they raised 
a large family of children who 
have done well their part in life. 
Mrs. Andrew Wallace, of Ver- 
sailleSf Ky., is the only one of this 
line left in Kentucky, her brothers 
and sisters being residents of St. 
Louis, Mo., and neighboring towns. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Randolph Young 
was an interesting old lady with a 
thorough knowledge of family 
history and traditions, and as a 
boy I learned much from her con- 
versations that has been of great 
assistance to me in this work. 


Sixth bom of John Bailey and 
Elizabeth Bandolph. Married 
Judith Woodson. Their descend- 

John Bailey, ^ Elizabeth Ban- 

William Bailey, ^ born Febru- 
ary 26, 1760; died February 8, 

Married Jndith Woodson, 
March, 1793. 

William Randolph Bailey, * bom 
Febmary 4, 1794 ; killed at the bat- 
tle of the ''Biver Baision.'^ 

Sarah Bailey, ' bom March, 
1796; died Angnst, 1862. 

Married, first, Thomas Bailey, 
Jr., 1820; second, Parham Walhn, 

William Bandolph Bailey, * bom 
1821; died 1840. 

Judith Ann Walhn, * bom June^ 
1830; died August, 1862. 

Married Dr. WiUiam Steele 
White, March 18, 1853. 

Dr. Thomas Phillip White, ^ 
bom June, 1855 ; died 1902. 

Married Eugene Dillman. (No 

Judith Woodson Bailey, * bom 
March 15, 1799; died October 31, 

Married P. I. Bailey, August 
21, 1817. 

Martha Woodson Bailey, * bom 
Febmary 10, 1820; died March 18, 

Bichard Henry Bailey, * bom 
April 26, 1823; died October 3, 

Married Catherine Keith Haw- 
kins, Febmary 25, 1852. 

William Edward Bailey, " bom 
December 25, 1852. 

Married Annie H. Owsley, May 
26, 1886. 

Jennie Farris Bailey, ® bom 
June 28, 1887. 

Bertha Hontas Bailey, ^ bom 
April 26, 1854. 

Married, first, Chas. Bandolph 
Darnell, 1882; second, P. D. Mc- 
Bride, 1892. 

P. Woodson Bailey, ^ born July 

24, 1864. 

P. I. Bailey, Jr., * bom August 

25, 1829. 

Married, first, Sarah E. Frazier, 
October 22, 1851 j second, Bebecca 
Gough, 1861; third, Seville 
Church, 1898. 

Josephine Bailey, bom Septem- 
ber 22, 1852. 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlciil 9Q«l«ty- 


• t ' _• 

• ^ 

Married Bobert Ward Macey, 
November 21, 1872. 

Pattie Bailey Macey, ® bom 
March 24, 1876. 

Sadie Macey, ® born June 9, 

Bobert Ward Macey, Jr., ® bom 
October 8, 1879. 

Bailey Woodson Macey, ® bom 
August 30, 1881. 

Thomas Jefferson Bailey, * born 
August 10, 1831: died August 18, 

Laura L. Bailey, * born August 
20, 1832 ; died August 24, 1847. 

William Bailey, the sixth bom 
of John Bailey and Elizabeth Ban- 
dolph, was bom at ' * Stonehenge, * * 
Chesterfield county, Virginia, Feb- 
ruary 26th, 1760. He came to 
Kentucky about 1784 and settled 
on a farm near Versailles, Ky., 
that he called ** Liberty Hall.^^ 
Bailey's Station on the Louisville 
Southern Bailway is located on 
the border of this farm. He built 
one of the first brick houses erect- 
ed in Woodford county and it is 
standing today, more than one 
hundred and ten years after its 
completion. After getting every- 
thing in shape for a useful, busy 
and prosperous life he returned to 
Virginia, where in 1793 he married 
Judith Woodson, tenth bom of 
Col. John Woodson and Dorothy 
Bandolph. He raised but three 
children, one son and two daugh- 
ters. His son William enlisted in 
the War of 1812 and was killed in 
battle at ''The Biver Baision.'' He 
never recovered from this shock 
and died from grief a few years 
later. His descendants are but 
few and the most of them reside in 

Kentucky. There has been but one 
professional man in this line. Dr. 
Thomas Phillip White who was 
educated in Paris, France. He lo- 
cated at Cincinnati, Ohio, where 
he built up a lucrative practice, 
but death ensued when his useful- 
ness was at its meridian height. 

P. I. Bailey, Jr., is the only liv- 
ing grandchild of William Bailey 
and Judith Woodson and he has 
passed his eightieth birthday. 
His brother Bichard Henry Bailey 
died in 1888 and the tribute of the 
late Daniel M. Bowmar, Sr., in the 
columns of the ''Woodford Sun*' 
of that year is worth more than a 
towering shaft of marble. It is 
reproduced here: 

"BicHABD H. Bailey.'' 

" 'Alas, poor Torick, I knew 
him well.' The trite quotation is 
not unmeaning, for we did know 
him well, and he was, as. Torick 
was, a ' fellow of infinite jest. ' 

"Bichard H. Bailey was the son 
of P. I. Bailey, Sr., and his wife 
Judith Woodson Baaley, of whose 
children, P. I. Bailey, Jr., is now 
the only survivor. Bichard was 
bom April 26, 1823, on land set- 
tled by his maternal grandfather, 
adjoining the farm now owned by 
Logan Bailey. He died at Bich 
Hill, Mo., on October 3, 1888, and 
was buried in Versailles, Ky., on 
the fifth inat. His wife and three 
children, Wm. E. Bailey, Bertha 
Bailey and Woodson Bailey sur- 
vive him. 

"A kinder heart than Dick 
Bailey's never animated a hmnan 
breast. A sunnier nature never 


pr<g(a»tfr ef.^e Kentucky State Historical Society. 

brightened the rugged pathway 
of life. Gifted with a superb 
physique, reared amid plenty, if 
not luxury, a descendant of the 
Eaileys, Randolphs and Wood- 
sons of Virginia, a kinsman of 
Jefferson, he was a gentleman by 
instinct, and his joyous laugh was 
as natural as the song of a bird. 
He married one of Kentucky's un- 
crowned queens. Miss Catherine 
Hawkins, a lady who would adorn 
a palace or a thatched cottage with 
equal grace. 

** Fortune smiled upon him more 
than once, not with her 'winsome 
smile,' but rather as if in mock- 
ery. At once generous and im- 
provident, money was to him 
contemptible dross. Judged by 
the world's standards he was not 
a successful man, but if to illumine 
his own home with sunshine, to 
scatter gladness wherever he went, 
to inspire his children to noble 
aims be success, then the beauti- 
ful flowers which decorated his 
grave were laurels fairly won. His 
closing years were brightened by 
a steadfast faith in the promises 
of God." 

*'D. M. B." 

No one knew Richard Henry 
Eailey better than did Daniel M. 
Bowmar, Sr., 'as they had been 
friends) for a lifetime. The wife 
of Richard H. Railey is compli- 
mented by Mr. Bowmar aJso. Cath- 
arine Keith Hawkins was the 
great granddaughter of the Rev. 
James Keith and Mary Isham 
Randolph, hence she was a fourth 
cousin of her husband, both of his 

great grandmothers being daugh- 
ters of Colonel Isham Randolph. 
Richard H. Railey 'si eldest son, 
Wm. Edward Railey, was one of 
the very, few Raileys so foolish as 
to engage in the undesirable game 
of politics. Soon after reaching 
his majority he was elected 
Sergeant-at-Arms of the Ken- 
tucky House of Representatives 
in which capacity he served for 
about ten years, then accepted a 
position in the National House of 
Representatives at Washington. 
Afterwards he served four years 
in the Internal Revenue service 
and was four years postmaster at 
Midway, Ky. By Kentucky's big- 
hearted and whole-souled Gov. 
Luke P. Blackburn, he was honor- 
ed with a commission as Colonel 
on his staff. Realizing after thirty 
years of loyalty to his friends and 
unwavering service to his party 
that there wasi more bitterness 
than pleasure or profit in politics 
he abandoned that enticing game 
and is devoting his time to other 

William Railey 's two brothers, 
Charles and Randolph, and his sis- 
ter, Jane, accompanied him and his 
wife to Kentuclcy in 1793. ''Lib- 
erty Hall," their home, was al- 
ways open to relatives and friends. 


Seventh born of John Railey 
and Elizabeth Randolph. Married 
Nancy Watkins. Their descend- 

John Railey, ^ Elizabeth Ran- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


James Eailey, ^ born April 16, 

Married Nancy Watkins, May, 

Joseph Eandolph Eailey, ^ born 
February 14, 1792; died July 18, 

Married Nancy Mayo, July 13, 

Amanda Malvina Eailey, * born 
July 22, 1810; died January 12, 

Married James Mount, August 
30, 1847. 

Joseph Eailey Mount, ^ bom 
December 22, 1849. 

Married, first, Carrie Alsop, 
September 1, 1871; second, Annie 
McEoberts, November 1, 1876. 

Bessie Mount, ® born June 16, 

Married Shelby L. Allen, April 
20, 1898. 

Caroline Hobson Allen, '' born 
August 12, 1899. 

Shelby L. Allen, Jr., '^ born 
November 26, 1903. 

Dorothy Eailey AJlen, '^ bom 
November 26, 1903. 

John McEoberts Mount, • born 
August 14, 1877. 

Married Jean Lynn, June 12, 

Margaret Mount, ® born Decem- 
ber 31, 1882. 

Jo Ann Mount, ® bom June 14, 

John James Mount, ^ bom June 
20, 1852. 

Married Euth Morrisi, January 
8, 1878. 

Eobert Morris Mount, ® bom 
December 4, 1878. 

Married Bessie Berry, June 29, 

Euth Berry Mount, '' born. 
October 2, 1904. 

Alice Holmes Mount, "^ born. 
September 26, 1906. 

Mary Maude Mount, ® born 
February 20, 1881. 

Charlotte Amanda Mount, ® 
born May 31, 1889. 

Ella Morris Mount, ® born De- 
cember 3, 1903. 

Sara Eailey Mount, * born 
October 5, 1906. 

Lavinia Harrison Eailey, * bom 
July 4, 1813; died September 18, 

Married Camden Montague Bal- 
lard, March 29, 1831. 

Joseph James Ballard, ^ , bom 
December 25, 1831; died Decem- 
ber 23, 1861. 

Married Sallie Hillyar, June 

29, 1857. 
Emma Louise Ballard, • bom 

October 22, 1858. 

Married George S. Graves, Sep- 
tember 15, 1881. 

Euth Graves, '' born March 24, 


Edna Elizabeth Graves, ^ bom 
December 20, 1888. 

Julia Graves, "^ bom October 5, 

John Thomas Ballard, ^ bom 
January 6, 1834. 

Married Effie Winlock, Septem- 
ber 7, 1854. 

Camden Winlock Ballard, • bom 
December 31, 1856. 

Married, first, Susan Eeynolds, 
November 4, 1878; second, Var- 
nette Gregg Eeynolds, December 
16, 1899. 

Fielding Edward Ballard, ^ bom 
October 20, 1881. 


Registor of tho Kentucky State Hittorical Society. 

Married Hattie Thompson 
Weakley, December 30, 1903. 

Victoria Beynolds Ballard, ® 
bom October 30, 1904. 

Susan Mary Ballard, ® bom 
January 15, 1908. 

■Camden Winlock Ballard, ® bom 
August 6, 1909. 

Nancy Peyton Ballard, • born 
January 25, 1859. 

Lavinia Harrison Ballard, • 
bom December 3, 1860. 

Married George Robert Blake- 
more, May 25, 1887. 

EflSe Carrie Blakemore, '^ born 
August 20, 1888. 

Thomas Ballard Blakemore, ^ 
bom September 12, 1890. 

Fielding Winlock Blakemore, '^ 
bom June 8, 1896. 

Edmonia Blakemore, '^ bom De- 
cember 30, 1897. 

George Eobert Blakemore, Jr., '^ 
bom October 11, 1900. 

Fielding Montague Ballard, • 
bom August 31, 1862. 

Married Grace Winnall, October 
23, 1901. 

Mary Peyton Ballard, '^ bom 
August 10, 1902. 

Nancy Winlock Ballard, '^ bom 
October 27, 1907. 

Florence Effie Ballard, « born 
January 1, 1865. 

Addison C Ballard, * bom May 

8, 1840. 

Married Helen M. Varry, June 
28, 1860. 
Lavinia Ballard, ® bom April 

9, 1861. 

Married Jamest Bobert Clark, 
April 9, 1878. 

Mildred Campbell Clark, ^ bom 
January 10, 1879. 

Married James Dudley Bussell, 
November 16, 1898. 

Mary Clark Eussell, ® bom 
June 20, 1902. 

Stuart Heth Clark, ^ bom Feb- 
raary 29, 1881. 

Joe Ballard Clark, "^ bom Sep- 
tember 5, 1882. 

James Eobert Clark, Jr., ^ bom 
December 16, 1889. 

Anna Belle Ballard, ^ bom 
October 11, 1862. 

Married KJirby Smith Collier, 
July 12, 1888. 

Clarence Calvert Collier, ^ bom 
December 15, 1894. 

Helen Elizabeth Collier, '^ bom 
December 11, 1898. 

Joseph James Ballard, • bom 
March 16, 1864. 

Married Anna Lee Hogsett, 
October 24, 1895. 

Anna Lee Ballard, ^ born Sep- 
tember 5, 1898. 

Jonathon Young Ballard, "^ bom 
March 7, 1901. 

Joseph James Ballard, Jr., ^ 
bom August 7, 1908. 

Effie Winlock Ballard, « bora 
November 12, 1866. 

Married Samuel Simms Wil- 
hoyte, December 19, 1888. 

Allen Sims Wilhoyte, '^ born 
June 18, 1892. 

Nerval Joseph Wilhoyte, '' bom 
October 12, 1901. 

Anna Florence Wilhoyte, ^ bora 
January 29, 1909. 

Margaret Ballard, • bom July 
16, 1870. 

Married Jeptha Montgomery 
Tharp, December 7, 1888. 

Ballard Montgomery Tharp, ^ 
bom Febmary 7, 1891. 

. _ I jTiartr- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


William Ely Tharp, '' bom Sep- 
tember 26, 1892. 

Graham Ely Tharp, '' bom Sep- 
tember 1, 1895. 

Bachael Mayo Tharp, ^ born 
November 3, 1898. 

Elizabeth M. Ballard, ® bom 
October 15, 1872. 

Married, first, Eobert Emmet 
Blakemore, September 4, 1895; 
second, John William Paulger, 
November 15, 1904. 

Robert Emmet Blakemore, Jr., 
^ bom February 15, 1896. 

Helen Verry Paulger, '^ born 
Febmary 22, 1908. 

John Norvil Ballard, • born 
November 5, 1875. 

Caroline Varry Ballard, • bom 
May 6, 1878. 

Married Samuel Franklin Si- 
bert, October 1, 1898. 

Samuel Franklin Sibert, Jr., ^ 
T)om July 29, 1899. 

Elizabeth Armstrong Ballard, • 
bom Febmary 9, 1886. 

Married Julius Morris, July 5, 

Margaret Reid Morris, ^ bom 
November 8, 1905. 

Blallard Emmanuel Morris, "^ 
bom January 17, 1907. 

Frank Sidney Morris, "^ bom 
June 17, 1909. 

William Jordan Ballard, * born 
July 22, 1845. 

Married Mary B. Moody, De- 
cember 13, 1865. 

Curtis Warren Ballard, • bom 
October 13, 1868. 

Married Fannie L. Williamson, 
July 15, 1911. 

John Allen Ballard, • bom Feb- 
mary 17, 1870. 

William James Railey, * bom 
September 14, 1816 ; died April 18, 

Married, first, Edna C. Blake- 
more, November 22, 1848; second, 
Sarah Ann Verry, July 21, 1859. 

Sina Keene Railey, * born April 
1, 1851 ; died August 6, 1896. 

Charles Randolph Railey, « born 
November 9, 1852. 

Married Elizabeth Belle Bailey, 
December 19, 1878. 

Cecil Railey, « bom March 9, 
1880. ' 

Loula Railey, « born March 30, 
1885. ' 

Joseph Lewis Railey, « bom 
August 28, 1854: died March 2, 

Sarah Catharine Railey, ^ bom 
September 22, 1861.. 

Married William Ford, 1910. 

Ann Catharine Railey, * bom 
March 7, 1819; died Febmary 10, 

Married Thomas S. Blakemore, 
Febmary 21, 1837. 

Henrietta Blakemore, * bom 
July 4, 1838; died December 2, 

Joseph William Blakemore, • 
bom March 6, 1840; died Decem- 
ber 28, 1905. 

James Marcus Blakemore, ^ bom 
October 3, 1842. 

Married Elizabeth Taylor Arm- 
strong, March 30, 1869. 

William Thomas Blakemore, • 
bom August 12, 1872. 

Robert Emmet Blakemore, • 
bom August 12, 1872. 

Married Elizabeth Ballard, 
April 14, 1895. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Robert Emmet Blakemore, Jr., ^ 
born February 15, 1896. 

Annabine Blakemore, ® born 
December 28, 1874. 

Married Frederick M. Craven, 
June 20, 1906. 

Virginia Hill Blakemore, ^ born 
May 31, 1877. 

Married Garnett S. Morris, No- 
vember 27, 1895. 

Garnet Elizabeth Morris, '' born 
September 1, 1896. 

Margaret Nelson Morris, "^ born 
December 1, 1898. 

James Scearce Morris, '' bom 
January 26, 1903. 

Marcus Blal^emore Morris, ^ 
born January 12, 1907. 

William Emlmet Morris, ^ born 
September 1, 1908. 

Edmonia Blakemore, ^ born De- 
cember 20, 1844 ; died July 2, 1878. 

Married George W. Sparks, No- 
vember 3, 1864. (No issue.) 

George Eobert Blakemore, *^ 
bom March 5, 1852. 

Married Lavinia Harrison Bal- 
lard, May 25, 1887. 

Effie Ciarrie Blakemore, ^ born 
August 20, 1888. 

Thomas Ballard Blakemore, • 
bom September 12, 1890. 

Fielding Winlock Blakemore, ® 
born June 8, 1896. 

Edmonia Blakemore, ® born De- 
cember 30, 1897. 

George Eobert Blakemore, Jr., • 
born October 11, 1900. 

Joseph Jordan Railey, * born 
January 12, 1812; died May 16, 

Married Anna E. Barnes, Sep- 
tember 29, 1849. 

Oretta Virginia Railey, *^ bom 
May 14, 1853. 

Married Dr. Charles A. Riley, 
February 18, 1869. 

Clarence A. Riley, * born Feb- 
ruary 21, 1870. 

Married Elvie C. Hampton, De- 
cember 1, 1890. 

Kenneth Riley, "^ bom Augu&t 4, 

Ben Carleton Riley, ^ bom 
August 25, 1906. 

Courtland Riley, ® born April 
16, 1873. 

Married September 18, 1895. 

Gipson Railey Riley, ^ born De- 
cember, 1891. 

John Gipson Railey, ^ born De- 
cember 25, 1854. 

Married Julia Garner, October 
18, 1886. 

Joseph Jordan Railev, ® bom 
October 14, 1888. 

Married Nellie Wa^er, Decem- 
ber, 1909. 

J. Garner Railey, ® born June 
28, 1891. 

George Alfred Railey, * bom 
August 5, 1893. 

Janette Railey, ® born August 
28, 1902. 

Anna Barnes Railey, ' bom 
February 19, 1857. 

Married J. 0. Barbour, May 12, 


Josieph Railey Barbour, ® born 
August 21, 1882. 

Peachey Lee Railey, ' born 
April 20, 1860. 

Married A. P. Wilson, May 14, 
1884. (No issue.) 

Elizabeth Railey, ^ born June, 
1793 ; died January 28, 1853. 

Married John Railey, June 4, 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


John Woodson Railey, * born 
October 4, 1812; died September 
30, 1874. 

Married Nancy Farris Nnnn, 
October 4, 1832. 

Caroline Railev, ^ born March 
6, 1835. 

Married William Gary, May 18, 

Evaline Gary, ® born March 13j 

Julia Ann Oary, ® born Septem- 
ber 27, 1856. 

Married, first, Allen Kendrick 
Walker, July 26, 1874; second, 
James S. Gopeland, March, 1885. 

Edna M. Walker, "^ bom Decem- 
ber 10, 1875. 

Married John Chappell, Sep- 
tember 20, 1893. 

Elmer Louis Ghappell, ® born 
April 20, 1895. 

Dean Jennings Chappell, ® born 
January 3, 1897. 

Walker Chappell, ® born Sep- 
tember 22, 1899. 

James Chappell, ® bom Januarj" 
2, 1901. 

Minnie N. Walker, "^ born Oc- 
tober 4, 1877. 

Allen J. Walker, '' bom July 24, 

Married Mary Cunningham, 
April 19, 1906. 

Julia E. Walker, ® bom Febru- 
ary 3, 1907. 

Frank Kendrick Walker, ® born 
July 17, 1908. 

Hallie N. Walker, ® born August 
15, 1910. 

Bessie N. Gopeland, ^ bom Feb- 
ruary 6, 1886. 

Susie S. Cbpeland, ^ bom 
August 29, 1888. 

Robert W. Gopeland, "^ bom 
September 26, 1890. 

Ella W. Cbpeland, '' born Au- 
gust 2, 1892. 

Jesse J. Gopeland, '' bom De- 
cember 30, 1893. 

John Herbert Gopeland, ^ born 
December 30, 1893. 

Joseph F. Gopeland, ^ bora 

April 23, 1895. 

Mary E. Qary, ® born November 
•j^9 1858 

E. Elmore McAfee, ^ July 27, 

Charles Elmore McAfee, "^ born 
January 9, 1886. 

Married Bertha Eailey, April 
28, 1910. 

William Leroy McAfee, ^ bom 
February 13, 1889. 

Viola A. McAfee, "^ born Febru- 
ary 17, 1891. 

Lady Eiachael McAfee, '' bom 
Febmary 3, 1893. 

William Woodson Gary, ® born 
November 16, 1862. 

Susan Ann Eailey, ** bom June 
9, 1837 ; died Febmary 9, 1839. 

Isham Tarleton Railey, ^ bom 
December 18, 1840. 

Married Loretta M. Bailey, De- 
cember 2, 1869. 

Annie Farrig Bailey, « bom 
September 18, 1870. 

Married W. L. Hemdon, No- 
vember 24, 1891. 

dara Hemdon, '' bom October, 

Mary Elizabeth Eailey, ® bom 
September 29, 1872. 

Married F. E. Martin, Septem- 
ber, 1889. 

Laura Martin, "^ bom July 2, 


Reglttor of tho Kentucky State HIttorical Society. 

Annie Woodson Martin, ^ bom 
March 1, 1894. 

Ernest Martin, "^ bom Novem- 
ber 4, 1898. 

N. P. Bailey, • bom March 
23, 1875. 

John A. Bailey, • bom March 
30, 1879. 

Married Nannie Griffith, Feb- 
ruary, 1905. 

John A. Bailey, Jr., ^ bom Jan- 
uary 7, 1906. 

Robert Woodson Bailey, "^ born 
September, 1907. 

Aubrey Lee Bailey, '^ bom Sep- 
tember, 1909. 

Louis Bailey, • bom October 17, 

Married Martha Ecton, January 
22, 1909. 

Woodson Tarleton Bailey, • 
bom May 4, 1884. 

Joseph W. Bailey, ® bom April 

3, 1887. 

Edward T. Bailey, ® bom Jan- 
uary 16, 1890. 

Itobert L. Bailey, ® bom March 
2, 1894. 

Isabella Bailey, ^ bom August 

4, 1845. 

John Bandolph Bailey, ^ bom 
March 4, 1850. 

Married Margaret French, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1881. 

Haydon W. Bailey, ® born De- 
cember 13, 1881. 

Married Lee W. Symms, Octo- 
ber, 1906. 

Bertha Bailey, • bom February 
25, 1883. 

Married Charles Elmore Mc- 
Afee, April 29, 1910. 

Estelle Bailey, ® bom July 25, 

Mattie Bailey, ® bom July 10, 

Married B e c t o r Hemdon, 
March, 1910. 

Boone Bailey, ^ bom August 20, 
1852, died August 8, 187L 

Caroline Bailey, * bom August, 
1815, died, 1850. 

Married firsft Dr. Joseph Wil- 
son, 1833; married second Bev. W. 
E. Milam, 1837. 

Elizabeth McCormick Wilson, ^ 
bora 1834, died 1845. 

James Bailey, 7th of John 
Bailey, and Elizabeth Bandolph, 
remained in Va., and married 
Nancy Watkins in 1791. The date 
of his birth was April 16, 1762, and 
he died about 1795. A few years 
after his marriage, his eldest son, 
Joseph Bandolph Bailey, came to 
Kentucky abouf 1812, and settled 
on a farm near Lagrange, Oldham 
county, where he died in 1824. Be- 
fore he left his native State, and 
while yet a youth he married 
Nancy Mayo, 6th of Col. William 
Mayo and Catharine Swann. She 
was a younger sister of the two 
Mayo girls who married Martin 
and Charles Bailey, uncles of 
Joseph Bandolph Bailey, and also 
a sister of William Mayo, 7th of 
Col. William Mayo and Catharine 
Swann, who married Caroline 
Fleming Pleasants, a first cousin 
of Joseph Bandolph Bailey, hence 
Joseph E. Bailey was a brother-in- 
law to two of his uncles and also 
to his first cousin. His oldest 
daughter, Amanda Bailey, mar- 
ried James Mount in 1847, and 
their . son, Joseph Bailey Mount,' 
represented Oldham County in the 
Legislature during the memorable 

Reolster of tho Kentucky 8Ute HIttorlcal Society. 


sesBion of IQOO, the excitiiig inci- 
dents of which brought abont the 
assassination of Governor GoebeL 
The large families of Biallards^ 
Blakemores and Baileys of Old- 
ham, Trimble and Shelby Counties 
descend from Joseph Bandolph 
Bailey and Nancy Mayo. His son, 
Joseph Jordan Bailey, married 
Miss Anna Barnes, and for many 
years was engaged in business in 
Louisville, Ky., and St. Louis, 
Mo., raised a family of children, 
who are residents of Missouri. 
Some years ago he retired from 
active business, after which he re- 
sided with his son-in-law, A. P. 
Wilson, a banker of Sweet Springs, 
Mo. At the home of Joseph Ban- 
dolph Bailey the latchstring was 
always on the outside and during 
the early part of the last century 
the home was noted for the num- 
ber of social gatherings and the 
hospitality and cordiality dispens- 
ed; and those characteristics seem 
to have been a part of the inherit- 
ance that has come down to each 
generation. I know of no branch 
of the Baileys who are more cor- 
dial and hospitable. Elizabeth 
Bailey, the second daughter of 
James Bailey and Nancy Watkins, 
married her cousin, John Bailey, 
and their descendants were sketch- 
ed under Isham Bandolph Bailey, 
fourth of John Bailey and Eliza- 
beth Bandolph. I know of but two 
professional men, Dr. Charles A. 
Bailey, of Missouri, and Jo Bal- 
lard dark, a lawyer of LaGrange, 
Ky., in the line of James Bailey 
and Nancy Watkins. There may 
be others. Curtis Warren Ballard 
resides at JeflPersonville, Ind. He 

was elected to the Legislature as 
a Democrat in 1904 and before his 
term expired was elected circuit 
clerk. Was elected again in 1910 — 
the only man ever re-elected to 
that office in Clark County, Indi- 


Eighth bom of John Bailey and 
Elizabeth Bandolph. Married 
Aaron Darnell. Their descend- 

John Bailey ^-Elizabeth Ban- 

Jane Bailey, ^ bom August 9, 
1763 ; died July 16, 1824. 

Married Aaron Darnell, Jan- 
uary 21, 1797. 

Elizabeth Pope Darnell, « bom 
April 30, 1798. 

Married Aaron Mershon, May 

30, 1820. 

Jane Bailey Mershon. * 

Married Bandolph Darnell Mer- 
shon. * 

Lavinia Mershon. * 

Married Boss Beed. 

Mattie Beed. « 

Fannie Beed. * 

Ella Beed. «^ • 

Benjamin Mershon, * killed at 
the battle of Borne, Georgia. 

Virginia Mershon. * 

Married Orlander Mershon. 

Minerva Mershon. * 

Married James Booker. 

Elemander Mershon. * 

Bandolph Bailey Darnell, • bom 
Febmary 12, 1800; died December 
29, 1860. 

Married Attalanta Whittington, 
October 9, 1827. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Aaron Darnell, ^ born Septem- 
ber 23, 1828. 

Married, first, Catharine Haw- 
kins, November 7, 1850; second, 
Sarah E. Pepper, 1857. 

Judge IsJiam Eandolph Dar- 
nell, 5 bom August 26, 1851. 

Married Macie Carter, August 
25, 1887. 

Catharine Darnell, ® bom Jan- 
uary 2, 1892. 

Shapley Darnell, ^ born April 
23, 1903. 

Euth Elizabeth Darnell, ° bom 
October 19, 1907. 

Samuel Pepper Darnell. *^ 

Married Euth Chandler, Novem- 
ber 25, 1885. 

Mayme Darnell, ^ bom Novem- 
ber 2, 1887. 

Married J. E. DeEoulac, Novem- 
ber, 1908. 

Mahala Darnell. ^ 

John Eobb Darnell. *^ 

Married Bessie Davidson. 

John E. Darnell, Jr. ^ 

Sarah E. Damell. ^ 

Aaron H. Darnell. ' 

Married Nellie Northop. 

W. W. Damell, ^ bora March 19, 

Married Sarah Taylor. 

James S. Darnell. ^ 

John Darnell. ^ 

Eandolph Darnell. ^ 

John E. Darnell, * born March 
2, 1832. 

Married Susan Cotton. 

Ann Elizabeth Darnell. ^ 
Southey Damell. ^ 
Charles Damell. ^ 
Dunlap C. Darnell. ^ 
Married Mrs. Mary E. Lucas, 
May 5, 1910. 

Dr. Mathew Ck)tton Darnell. *^ 

Married Ermina Jett, April 27, 

Southy W. Damell, * born 
August 31, 1839; died September 
4, 1890. 

Married Harvey Eandolph Dar- 
nell. «^ 

Oeorge Lewis Darnell. ' 

Varsalina Darnell. ^ 

Virginia Darnell, ^ born June 
20, 1841. 

Married Thomas J. Jett. 

Attalanta Darnell, * born April 
9, 1843. 

Married Thomas W. Edwards. 

Charlesi Eugene Edwar(Js. ^ 

Virginia Pearl Edwards. ' 

Greorge Eandolph Edwards. ^ 

Wiley Edwards. ^ 

Charles Eandolph Darnell, • 
bom September 26, 1845. 

Married B. H. Eailey. 

Virginia Damell, » born August 

26, 1845. 
Married John Markley. 
Maria Louise Markley, * born 

Married F. C. Blankenship, 

Caroline Blankenship. ^ 
Ferdie C. Blankenship. ^ 
Married Eobinson L. Ireland, 

Ann Eandolph Markley, * bom 

Married William A. Gi^ens, 


Agnes Givens, ^ bom 1866. 

Married Edward J. Meyers, 

Virginia Givens, ' died 1905. 

Jane Eailey was the 8th bom f 
John Eailey and Elizabeth Ean- 
dolph. Bom in Virginia at the 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


old homestead * * Stonehenge " in 
1763. She came to Kentucky with 
her brothers Charles and B,?r. 
dolph Railey about 1793. En- 
route they were joined by Aaron 
Darnell, a Virginian, w^ho was 
making his way to Kentucky aloae. 
Aaron Darnell had served through 
the Eevolution as a drummer boy 
and was used to such hardships 
and dangers that one must of ne- 
cessity encounter in overland 
travel in those days. 

The destination of the Railjys 
-was Versailles, Kjy., and as Mr. 
Darnell had no particular point in 
view he remained with the party 
tmtil they reached Woodford 
county, where he, too, settled. In 
the course of the long journey he 
made himself very agreeable and 
companionable, telling many thrill- 
ing incidents of the Eevolution. 
For several years after reaching 
Kentucky he made it a point to 
see Jane Railey, notwithstanding 
the protests of her brothers, and 
finally in 1797 they were married 
and became residents of Woodford 
county. He practiced medicine. 
The most of their descendants 
have been engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. They are residents of 
Kentucky and Missouri. I only 
know of two professional men in 
this line, Judge Isham Randolph 
Darnell is a lawyer and resides in 
Nebraska. Dr. Mathew C. Darnell 
is a resident of Woodford county, 

I am sorry not to give more 
dates and information concerning 
these people, which I would have 
gladly done if I could have gotten 
them sufficiently interested. I hope 

that some one among these fam- 
ilies will yet secure the missing 
dates and send them to me that I 
may complete my manuscript 
which I propose to hold for future 
generations to have access to. 


Ninth bom of John Railey and 
Elizabeth Randolph. Married 
Elizabeth Mayo. Their descend- 
ants : 

John Railey ^-Elizabeth Ran- 

Martin Railey, ^ born October 
27, 1764; died December 28, 1810. 

Married Elizabeth Mayo, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1794. 

Daniel Mayo Railey, ^ bom Oc- 
tober 20, 1796; died March 23, 

Married Jane Elizabeth Watson, 

November 26, 1816. 

John Martin Riailey, * bom 
November 29, 1821; died May 21, 

Married Elizabeth Jane Steele, 

October 6, 1842. 

Sadie RaUey, ^ born October 

27, 1847. 
Married H. C. Gockrill, October 

6, 1870. 
Rev. Egbert Railey Gockrill, • 

bom April 2, 1872. 
Married Dura Brokaw, May, 


Dura Louise Gockrill, '' bom 
September 30, 1905. 

Louise Mayo Gockrill, ® bom 
November 19, 1873; died 1893. 

Married 6. B. Richardson, June 
7, 1891. 

Beverly Randolph Richardson,^ 
born July 14, 1894. 



Register of the Kentucky 8tate HIttorical Society. 

Henry QJifton Oockrill, • bom 
November 30, 1884; died 1899. 

Pocahontas Cockrill, • bom 
August 19, 1886. 

Married J. A. Hedger, June 3, 

Harry Hedger, ^ born November 
22, 1908. 

Hampden Pleasants Railey, ^ 
bom Febraary 3, 1850. 

Married Katharine Payne, April, 

Elizabeth Bailey, ® bom October 
1, 1877. 

Married Luke Cowan, August 

Jennie Bailey, « born 1882. 

Erastug Williams, August, 1905. 

Eva Williams, ^ born August, 

Ella Bailey, • born January, 

Married Charles King, Septem- 
ber, 1908. 

John Martin Bailey, • bom 
August 14, 1886. 

Married 1906. 

Martin Bailey, "^ born August, 

Sadie Bailey, ® born November 
21, 1888. 

Hampden Pleasants Bailey, Jr., 
^ born October 6, 1890. 

John Watson Bailey, ^ born Feb- 
mary 22, 1852. 

Married Anna Tumer, October 
6, 1875. 

Arthur Bailey, ® bom August, 

Martin Bailey, « born August, 

Oliver Daniel Bailey, « born 
June, 1857. 

Married Emma Matthews, 1881. 

Oliver Bailey, • bom December, 


Charles Bailey, « bom Febraary^ 

Jerry Bailey, ® bom November* 

Married Elizabeth Stewart, Jan- 
uary, 1910. 

Pocahontas Bailey, ^ bom 
March 1, 1860. 

Married Bichard Jacquimin^ 
October 6, 1878. (No issue.) 

Eva Bailey, ^ bom October 27^ 

Married E. A. King, January, 
1888. (No issue.) 

Pocahontas Bailey, * bom Sep- 
tember 10, 1824; died June 3, 1882. 

Married Joseph V. Parrott, No- 
cember 4, 1846. 

Ella Parrott, « bom 1850; died 

Elizabeth Jane Bailey, * bom 
December 25, 1827; died June 30, 

Married T. D. S. McDowell, 
May 26, 1853. 

Alexander Bailey McDowell, ^ 
born December 2, 1856. 

Jane Bandolph McDowell, ^ bom 
September 13. 1866. 

Egbert Bailey, * bom June 6, 

Married Mary E. McAdon, Sep- 
tember 5, 1854. 

Bertie Bailey, ^ bom November 
18. 1858. 

Married John Hardesty, Febra- 
ary 17, 1881. 

Egbert Hardesty, • bom De- 
cember 3, 1881. 

Married Minnie Allison, June 
20, 1906. 

Frank Hardesty. '^ 

Bert Hardesty. '^ 

0^ tn9 K#fitiKlQf 

KM»rieal Sd # N (» > 


lis Hardoit J. ^ 

Shortridge Hardesty, * barm 

_ il 13; 1884. 

Married DcUa Terrill, Septem- 
ber, 1910. 

Mayo Hardesty, * bom Septem- 
ber 15, 1891. 

John Hardesty, • bom April 9, 

Dixie Bailey, * bom March 15, 

Married Joseph E. Mayo, 1881. 

Bailey Mayo> • bora Anga&t 12, 

Married Maude Newman, Sep- 
tember 21, 1905. 

Daniel Bailey, *^ bom December 

16, 1863. 

Married Anna Alderson, March 

17, 1887. 

James Bailey, • born December 
29, 1887. 

Egbert W. Bailey, • bom Jnly 
5, 1889. 

Aimabell Bailey, * bom June 
28, 1833. 

Emma Bailey, * born May 20, 

Henry Heath Bailey, * bom 
Jnly 17, 1838; died November 1, 

Beverly Bandolph Bailey, * bom 
Febraary 25, 1843; died December 
5, 1864. 

Catharine Bailey, " bom May 7, 
1798; died Febmary 27, 1881. 

Married Anderson Shefflett. 

Mary Jane Shefflett. ^ 

Married Benjamin Sneed. 

Edward Sneed. * 

John A. Sneed, * died July 27, 

Married Jane Price Bailey, De- 
cember 15, 1874. 

H. R— 8. 

Lnla Oordon Sneed, bom Jnly 
24, 1876. 

Gary Anderson Sneed, bora 
August 3, 1878; died Novembex 
27, 19001 

John Price Sneed, bom August 
19, 1883. 

Married Nellie Fitzhugh, Jan- 
nary 20, 190& 

Louise Price Smeed, bom An* 
gust 4, 1907. 

Charles Sneed. • 

Alice Sneed. ^ 

Horace Sneed. ^ 

Noble Sneed^ ^ 

Lilbum Shefflett. * 

Married Lavinia Gentry. 

John Martin Bailey, • bom No- 
vember 27, 1800; died January 13, 
^ Married Mary Watson, 1825. 

Carter Henry Bailey, * bom 
February 3, 1826; died October 12, 

Married Mary Jane Tanner, No- 
vember 9, 1849. 

Branch Bailey, * bom July 24, 

Married Caroline Frick, June 
9, 1880. 

Bandolph Bailey, • bom April 
6, 1881; died unmarried. 

Branch Bailey, Jr., ® bom May 
1, 1883. 

Pocahontas Bailey, ^ born June 
23, 1852. 

Grace Churchill Bailey, *^ bom 
November 18, 1854. 

John Bandolph Bailey, " bom 
September 4, 1856; died Novem^ 
ber 1, 1900. 

Carter Harrison Bailey, ' bom 
July 2, 1859 ; died June 7, 1887. 

Married Ida Blanche Keith, 
January, 1881. 


Register of the Kentucky State HIttorical Society. 

Charles Keith Bailey, ® bom 
December 11, 1882. 

Jamesi Faulkner Railey, • born 
February 28, 1884. 

Edwin Bailey, ® bom January, 

Sterling Price Bailey, "^ bom 
October 1, 1860. 

Married Cecelia Jane Parker, 
December 26, 1887. 

Sterling Anglairs Railey, ® bom 
November 3, 1893. 

Mary Cecelia Bailey, * born Feb- 
mary 28, 1896. 

Earl Bacon Bailey, ® born May 
12, 1903. 

John Randolph Bailey, ® born 
June 10, 1906. 

Cabell Breckinridge Bailey, '^ 
born July 2, 1862. 

Married Emma Percival, Sep- 
tember 2, 1886. 

Cabell Percival Bailey, ® bom 
March 6, 1890. 

William Montgomery Railey, * 
born June 1, 1828; died July 28, 

Mary Elizabeth Bailey, * bom 
September 8, 1830; died July 28, 

Martha Virginia Railey, * bom 
August, 1832. 

Married M. A. Moseby. 

Arthur Moseby. ^ 

Lilburn Rogers Railey, ^ bom 
April 26, 1804. 

Married Lucy Jane Burks, Jan- 
uary 28, 1825. 

Elizabeth Railey, * bom April 
12, 1826. 

Married Thomas Bowman, Oc- 
tober 11, 1854. 

Lucy Railey Bowman, ^ born 
October 21, 1862. 

Lilburn Edward Bowman, * born 
December 5, 1856. 

James* Pleasants Railey, ^ bom 
August 28, 1827; died July 21, 

Married Cornelia Burnley, Da- 
cember, 1864. 

Carrie Pleasanta Railey, *^ bom 
November 13, 1865. 

Married William A. Beale, De- 
cember 5, 1885. 

Cornelius William Beale. • 

Married Mary Elizabeth Gra- 

Buth Burnley Beale. '^ 

William Stuart Beale. "^ 

Lilburn Burnley Bailey, ' bom 
June 4, 1870. 

Married Edna Elizabeth Lewis, 
October, 1895. 

Grace B. Bailey, ^ born Febru- 
ary 28, 1872. 

Isabella Watson Bailey, * bom 
December 13, 1831 ; died 1908. 

Married William Henderson. 

Andrew Henderson. ^ 

Col. John Daniel Railey, * bom 
October 14, 1833; died July 27, 

Married Ellen Miller, August 
12, 1855. 

Charles Lilburn Bailey, ^ bom 
August 27, 1856; died Febmary 
16, 1886. 

Married Jessie Merchison, 
March 16, 1881. 

Elizabeth Belle Bailey, *^ bom 
March 12, 1862. 

Married, first, Ben T. Duvall, 

May 5, 1880; second, A. V. Harris, 
March 29, 1910. 

Edward Hood Bailey, ^ bom 
May 17, 1864. 

Married Catharine Biley, 1884. 

Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Hlttorical Society. 


Walter Railey, • bom July 18, 

Wesley Bailey, ® bom August 8, 

Bandolph Stroud Bailey, ® born 
November 23, 1889. 

Vivian Bailey, • bom October 
22, 1892. 

John Bandolph Railey, ^ born 
October 31, 1867. 

Married Minnie Collins, October 
15, 1890. 

Collins Daniel Railey, bom 
September 22, 1891. 

Emma Catharine Bailey, * born 
September 22, 1835. 

Married William H. Inloe. (No 

Mary Ellen Bailey, * born Feb- 
raarv 12, 1838; died February 26, 

Married Jamea Warmouth. (No 
issue. ) 

William Baxter Bailey, * bom 
December 21, 1841; died Febru- 
ary, 1910. 

Married Cornelia Maupin, July, 

Lin wood Walker Bailey, *^ born 
October 26, 1866. 

Elizabeth Belle Bailey, '^ born 
March 6, 1870. 

Married Arthur Stephens, June 
29, 1898. 

Logan J. Bailey, ^ bom MarcJi 

3, 1872; died unmarried. 

Mary Lucy Bailey, ^ born June 

4, 1873. 

Married P. Stanley Stevens, 
April 6, 1910. 

Willie Virginia Bailey, ^ bom 
July 27, 1875. 

Married Grayson Wood, Jan- 
uary 20, 1900. 

Bose Malvern Bailey, * bora 
April 2, 1877 ; died August 5, 1897. 

Emma Inloe Bailey, *^ bom April 
20, 1879. 

Merritt Maupin Bailey, ^ bom 
March 18, 1881. 

Married Cecil Johnson, Septem- 
ber 14, 1910. 

Cornelia Jane Bailey, * born 
January 20, 1884. 

Married Hugh Simms, December 
29, 1909. 

Ann Maria Bailey, * bom De- 
cember 22, 1843. 

Lilbum Bandolph Bailey, * bom 
March 16, 1846. 

Married MoUie Gordon, Febru- 
ary 27, 1872. 

Charles Gordon Bailey, '^ bom 
December 20, 1872. 

Married Marie Josephine Li van- 
dais, August 26, 1901. 

Bev. Fleming G. Bailey, * bom 
July 20, 1848. 

Married Sallie Goodloe Barclay, 
September 25, 1879. 

John Barclay Bailey, ^ born 
January 20, 1881 ; died October 16, 

Lilbum Bogers Bailey, Jr., ^ 
bom April 4, 1882. 

Married T^Uie Wiggington, 
April 4, 1910. 

Fleming G. Bailey, Jr., '^ bom 
May 31, 1884. 

Married Alpha S. Wiggington, 
September 18, 1907. 

Howard Williams Bailey, ^ bom 
April 28, 1886. 

Married Lunonta Battaille 
Blackerbv, January 27, 1909. 

Bandolph Burks Bailey, ^ bora 
May 25, 1888. 

Lucy Bfelle Bailey, ^ born Oc- 
tober 24, 1892. 


Ifegitter o^ the kentuelcy 8i«€e HItforical SocTdty. 

Jane Price Bailey, ^ bom No- 
vember 11, 1852. 

Married John A. I^need, Decem- 
ber 15, 1874, 

Lula Gordon Sneed, ^ born Jan- 
uary 24, 1876. 

Cary Anderson Sneed, • born 
Augusit 3, 1878; died November 
27, 1900. 

John Price Sneed, • born Au- 
gust 19, 1883. 

Married Nellie Fitzhugh, June 
20, 1906. 

Louise Price Sneed, ' bom Au- 
gust 4, 1907. 

Martin Bailey, ninth of John 
Bailey and Elizabeth Bandolph, 
was bom near Bichmond, Vir- 
ginia, on the * * Stonehenge ' * farm 
during the year 1764. Like his 
brother James he lived and died 
in Virginia, near the place of his 
birth, the scenes of his childhood, 
and amid the associations of his 
young manhood. February 24, 
1794, he married Elizabeth Mayo, 
third bom of Col. William Mayo, 
of Bichmond, Va., and his wife 
Catharine Swann. They raised 
three sons and one daughter all of 
whom married, lived and died in 

Daniel Mayo Bailey, their first 
born, married Jane Elizabeth Wat- 
son in 1816. Two of the sons of 
this couple, John Martin Bailey, 
Jr., who married Elizabeth Jane 
Steele in 1842, and Egbert Bailey, 
who married Mary E. McAdon in 
1854, migrated to Missouri about 
1866 and settled at Weston where 
they engaged in the banking busi- 
ness as Bailey and Bailey. John 
Martin Bailey, Jr., died in 1902. 
His daughter Sadie Bailey mar- 

ried H. G. QockriU, a lawyer, and 
they are now residents of Sail 
Jose, California, and her sister, 
Pocahontas Bailey, married Bich- 
ard Jacquimine a merchant of 
Kansas Oity, Mo., who retired 
from business a few years ago in 

Egbert Bailey is still at the head 
of the banking firm at Weston, 
Mo., and hie three children, Mrs. 
Bertie Bailey Hardesty, Mrs. 
Dixie Bailey Mayo and Daniel 
Bailey reside there. 

Elizabeth Jane Bailey, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Mayo Bailey and 
Jane Elizabeth Watson, married 
in Virginia, in 1853, T. D. S. 
Macdonell. Their two children, 
Alexander Bailey Macdonell and 
Jane Bandolph Macdonell, are 
now residents of Sault St. Marie, 

John Martin Bailey, Sr., third 
born of Martin Bailey and Eliza- 
beth Mayo, married Mary Watson 
in Virginia, in 1826. He was born 
in 1800. His grandson, Branch 
Bailey, is in businesis in Chicago. 
Another grandson, Carter Harri- 
son Bailey, was in business at 
Covington, Ky., where he died a 
few years ago leaving three sons; 
and another grandson, Sterling 
Price Bailey is a lawyer of Cov- 
ington, Ky., where- he resides^ 
while still another grandson, 
Cabell Breckinridge Bailey was in 
business in Cincinnati where he 
died a few years ago. 

Lilbum Bogers Bailey was the 
4th bom of Martin Bailey and 
Elizabeth Mayo. He was bom ill 
Virginia in 1804 and married Luc3* 
Jane Burks in 1825. He lived and 

Register ^f the Kj»ntupKy 9tate Historical Socletjr. 


died in tl3.e vicinity of the old 
* * Stonehenge " farm. He raised a 
large family of children the most 
of whom are at present residents 
of Virginia. His son Col. John 
Daniel Railey served throughout 
the Civil War in behalf of the 
Confederate cause. After the war 
he settled at Waco, Texasi, where 
he died during the year 1899. His 
children and grandchildren are 
residents of that state. Lilburn 
Randolph Railey, son of Lilburn 
Rogers Railey, married MoUie 
Gordon in 1871 and they have a 
son, Charles Gordon Railey, in 
business in New Orleans. 

The Rev. Fleming G. Railey was 
another son of Lilburn Rogers 
Railey. He was bom in 1848 and 
married Sallie Goodloe Barclay in 
1879. He was prepared for the 
law and practiced some years but 
his convictions finally lead him into 
the ministry since which time he 
has devoted all of his time to work 
in the Presbyterian church. He is 
at present located at Selma, Ala- 
bama, and has in his possession 
the Family Tree started by John 
Railey and Elizabeth Randolph. 
At the age of fifteen yearsj while 
a fierce battle was raging on his 
father's farm during 1863, he 
joined the cause of the Confed- 
eracy and fought valiantly until 
General Lee surrendered. An in- 
cident in his life that had both a 
serious and an amusing side oc- 
curred while he was pastor of the 
church at Glasgow, Ky. The 
young men of thkt town had or- 
ganized, or rather raised a com- 
ply of State Guards. No one in 
the company was sufficiently ac- 

quainted with military tactics to 
drill the men and they finally per- 
suaded the Rev. F. G. Railey to ac- 
cept the captaincy until some one 
of the company qualified. How- 
ever, was was declared with Spain 
in a few weeks after his election as 
Captain and under the advice of 
the Rev. Dr. Witherspoon, of 
Louisville, Ky., he w^t forward 
as both captain and chaplain of 
his company. Mrs. John A. Sneed 
and her sister Ann Maria Railey, 
daughters of Lilburn Rogers 
Railey, are residents of Charlottes- 
ville, Va. The children of James 
Pleasants Railey, who married 
Cornelia Burnley are residents of 
Albermarle and Fauquier counties 
in Virginia. 

Martin Railey became the pos- 
sessor of the * * Stonehenge ' ' estate 
after the death of his father, John 
Railey, in 1783 and he lived on 
•the estate until 1806, when he 
purchased **Buck Island," (after- 
ward known as **Buena Vista '0 
the old home of President Monroe 
in Albermarle county, where he 
lived the remainder of his life and 
reared his family. At his death 
** Stonehenge ' * was transferred to 
his son, Lilburn Rogers Railey, in 
whose possession it remained 
until about the period of the Civil 
War when it was sold to a syndi- 
cate of capitalists of Pittsburg for 
coal mining purposes. The old 
house was destroyed during the 
Civil War. The house was of the 
colonial type built about 1750. It 
was a large square house, built of 
stone with large columns in front. 
In or about 1770, owing to the in- 
crease in the family, John Railey 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

built an addition of brick in the 
rear. It was situated on the Mid- 
lothian road near Chesterfield 
Court House. 


Tenth bom of John Bailey and 
Elizabeth Bandolph. Married' 
Mary Mayo. Their descendants 
follow : 

John Railey, ^ Elizabeth Ban- 

Charles Bailey, ^ bom October 
26, 1766, died October 27, 1837. 

Married Mary Mayo, April 4, 

James Bailey, * bom March 11, 
1797, died September 2, 1860. 

Married Matilda S. Green, De- 
cember 14, 1820. 

Mary Elizabeth Bailey, * bom 
January 5, 1824, died April 28, 

Bev. Frederick W. Boyd, 1844. 

James Bailey Boyd, ^ bom Aug- 
ust 13, 1846, died May 17, 1901. 

Frederick William' Boyd, ^ born 
November 4, 1848, died November 
3, 1871. 

Married Lutie Temple, 1871. 

Walter Stuart Boyd, • bom 
November 9, 1859. 

Loyd Tilghman Boyd, ^ bom De- 
cember 19, 1861. 

Married Susian A. Patterson, 

KMherine Patterson Boyd, ® 
bom April 14, 1896. 

Mary Bailey Boyd, ® bom May 
5, 1900. 

Charleo Mayo Boyd, ' bom De- 
cember 15, 1866, died Febmary 1, 

James Green Bailey, * bom 
September 30, 1826, died Febmary 
27, 1854. 

Married Annie Hoop, 1851. 

Ernest H. Bailey, * born Jan- 
uary 31, 1852. 

Charles Bandolph Bailey, * bom 
May 24, 1833. 

Married Emma Laws, October 
22, 1860. 

Qhapman Bailey, * bom August 

I, 1862, died unmarried. 
Caroline Green Bailey, * bom 

May 24, 1835, died June 20, 1855. 

Madie Matilda Bailey, * bom 
March 24, 1837, died March 25, 

Hervie Otie Bailey, * bom 
August 27, 1841, 

Married Irene W. Green, 1863. 

Frank Bailey, ^ bom February 
6, 1864, died 1907. 

Charles Bailey, Jr., * born Aug- 
ust 3, 1798, died. 

Married Jane Beames, July 26, 

Charles Bandolph Bailey, * 
born August 4, 1820, died Feb- 
mary 6, 1889. 

Married Ann Elizabeth Helm^ 
January 18, 1849. 

Ann Maria Bailey, * born Jan- 
uary 6, 1850, died July 14, 1900. 

Married Dr. W. W. Black, Octo- 
ber 31, 1883. 

Charles Bailey Black, ® bom 
August 13, 1884. 

Ben j amine Wyly Black, ® bom 
March 12, 1886. 

Mayo Walton Black, ® bom May 

II, 1888. 

Jennie Bailey, ^ bom March 30, 

Married Andrew Alfred Woods, 
May 22, 1873. 

Register of the Kentucky State HIatorleal Society. 


* .'.' 

1 ' 

Charles Bailey Woods, ® bom 
October 8, 1874. 

Andrew Alfred Woods, Jr., ® 
bom March 22, 1876. 

0. Clarence Woods, ® bom Sep- 
tember 8, 1877. 

Elizabeth Helm Woods, ® bom 
December 31, 1878. 

Henry Newton Woods, ® bom 
July 4, 1880. 

James^ Brison Woods, ® bom 
March 22, 1882. 

William Bailey Woods, ' bom 
November 22, 1885. 

William Mayo Bailey, ^ born 
March 8, 1861. 

Married Lina L. Howell, April 
21, 1887. 

Mary L. Bailey, ® born August 
3, 1888. 

William Mayo Bailey, * bom 
March 17, 1890. 

Hilton Howell Bailey, ® bom 
August 1, 1895. 

Charles Bandolph Bailey, * bom 
August 1, 1895. 

James Alexander Bailey, * bom 
June 22, 1822, died January 24, 

Married Mary Barry, 1844. 

Augustus Bandolph Bailey, ^ 

Married Mary J. Dorden. 

Laura Bailey, * bom, 

Thomas Bailey, ' bom. 

Joseph Bailey, ^ bom. 

Oharles Bailey. ' 

Bichard Bailey, * bom June 4, 
1824, died 1840. 

Lewis Clark Bailey, * bom Sep- 
tember 25, 1827, died November 
15, 1876. 

Margaret Jane Bailey, * bom 
October 25, 1829, died December 
27, 1837. 

Alexander Bailey, * bom Decem- 
ber 2, 1831. 

Edwin Bailey, * bom December 
20, 1833, died 1837. 

Ellen Bailey * bom- January 8, 
1836, died November 18, 1841. 

Catharine Swaim Bailey, * bom 
January 2, 1800, died January 29, 

Married John Steele, January) 
18, 1816. 

Agnes Winfield Steele, * bom 
April 19, 1817, died July 28, 1837. 

Married Thomas ^ F. Thornton, 
January 15, 1835. 

Susan Catharine Thornton, ^ 
bom September 6, 1836. 

Married Sandy Brown, Decem- 
ber 22, 1856. 

Charles Bowland Brown, * bom 
October 8, 1857. 

Married, first Mamie Edwards, 
May 4, 1886, niece of Mrs. Abe 
Lincoln; second Grace M. Hatch. 

B. Alexander Brown, "^ born 
April 5, 1888. 

Agnes Steele Rrown, ® bom 
July 31, 1860. 

GFeorge Adams Brown, ® bom 
November 16, 1861. 

Bobert Alexander Brown, ® bom 
November 2, 1864. 

Married Catharine Everhart„ 
November 22, 1893. 

Catharine Louise Brown, ^ born 
December 16, 1897. 

Thornton Lee Brown, ® bom 
March 16, 1870. 

Married Laura M. Spicer, Aug- 
ust 23, 1894. 

Dorothy Thornton Brown, ^ 
born April 1, 1896. 

Helen Margaret Brown, ^ born 
June 7, 1899. 

N«ncy Scott fiailey^ ^ bom Sep- John Hubbard Railey, ^ bom 

tember ^9, 1801, died September, Ahigust 1, 1832, died 1845. 

1875. Matilda Oreen Bailey, ^ bom 

Married Allen Bowland, Decern- March 8, 1834. 

ber 23, 1828. Married James Sanf ord Payne, 

Margaret Bowland, * bom Octo- 1855, in Missouri, 

ber 7, 1829, died 1887. William Vemon Payne, ^ bora 

Married, first Bobert A. Bass, September 6, 1856. 

1854, no issue; married, second Married Elizabeth Applegate, 

Joel I. Lyle, November, 1886, no March 6, 1884, in Missouri, 

issue. William A. Payne, ® bom 1886. 

Charles Wesley Bowland, * bom Hazel Oro Payne, ® bom March 

November 17, 1831. 26, 1889. 

Married Virginia Green, 1854. Balph Glenn Payne, ® bom 

Samuel Bailey, * born June 11, March 21, 1896. 

1803, died October 27, 1884. Charles We&ley Payne, ^ bom 

Married, first Martha Bowland, January 29, 1861. 

Febmary 28, 1825; married, sec- Married Mary E. Sandusky^ 

ond Sarah Tucker, December 4, March 14, 1888. 

1850. Buby Payne, « born July 20, 

Mary Bailey, * bom April *4, 1889. 

1826, died August 27, 1898. Maggie Payne, « born October 

Married Dr. Burr Harrison 14, 1891. 

Cox, October 7, 1845. William Payne, « bom Septem- 

Mary Jane Cox, ^ bom October ber 26, 1893. 

13, 1846. Lucy Payne, « bom March 8, 

( • ^ 

Married B. H. Gunn, October 1895. 

10, 1871, no iissiue. Albert Payne, « bom Septem- 

Samuel Turner Cox, ^ bom Sep- ber 16, 1897. 

tember 20, 1850. Catharine Payne, ^ bom July 

Ora Cox, ^ bom September 2, 12, 1900. 

1887. Delia Payne, « bom April 13, 

Married Bev. Oyras N. Broad- 1908. 

hurst, March 2, 1887. Emily Bailey, * bom December 

Cyrus N. Broadhurst, Jr.,« bom 2, 1828, died November 11, 1853. 

July 24, 1888. Married Joel I. Lyle, December 

Wesley Harris Bailey, * bom 4, 1849, in Versailles, Ky. 

June 24, 1827, died in Oalifomia, Marion T. Lyle, ^ bom August 

1883. 5, 1851. 

Buth Ajnn Bailey, * bom July Married Mary Anderson Thom- 

27, 1830. ton. May 3, 1882. 

Married, first George Edgar Samuel Lindsey Bailey, ^ bom 

Moore, September 25, 1855, in October 23, 1835, died in youth. 

Versailles, Ky.; married second Francis Bailey, * bom Novem- 

William A. Jack, in Cass Co., Mo. ber 21, 1837. 

Jlctflitor 9ff tiM KftaHielcy Mflto Mitorical AooMy. 


Manied Edward T. Payne, 1655 
in MifiBoiirL 

M. Douglas Payney ^ bom April 
12, 1856. 

Married Lola fiiggins. 

ITathaiL Payne. ^ 

Fannie Payne, ® 

Atnnie Payne. • 

Sallie Payne. • 

Lee Payne. ® 

Edward Payne. • 

Mary Payne. ® 

Martha Ann Payne, ^ born April 
9, 1861, died 1878. 

Married Oampbell Williams. 

Nathan Payne, ^ bom April 9, 

Married Mary Weyman, no is- 

Watson Bailey, * bom Septem- 
Jber 11, 1839. 

Thornton Railey, * bom Ang- 
.nst 6, 1841, died nnniarried. 

Henry Newell Bailey, * bom 
-October 26, 1851. 

Married Delia Edith Conrtney, 
September 22, 1890. 

Oomelia Bailey, ^ bom April 

14, 1892. 

Samfuel Bailey, ^ bom July 25, 

John Bailey, • bom September 
19, 1906. 

Margaret Kavanangh Bailey, * 
bom December 13, 1853. 

Charlotte Bailey, ® bom March 
29, 1905 ; died January 31, 1882. 

Married Davy Thornton, June 
3, 1823, at Versailles, Ky. 

Mary Eleanor Thornton, * bom 
August 10, 1824. 

Married David I. Porter, June 

15, 1841, at Versailles, Ky. 
Alice Porter, * bom September 

26, 1842. 

Married James M. Prestton, 
Aiigust 23, 1664, at Versailles, Ky. 

Mary Louise Preston, ^ born 
July 11, 1865. 

juarried Eev. Qharles N. 
GfDulder, June 17, 1890, in Cali- 

Alice Goulder, ^ bom August 
31, 1891. 

Buth Goulder, ^ bom July 27, 

Ernest Preston Goulder, ^ bom 
April 22, 1901. 

James William Goulder, ^ bom 
April 22, 1901. 

Hontas Preston, ® bom March 
13, 1868. 

Married William Shearer, July 
11, 1888, in Oalifornia. 

Gertrude Alice Shearer, ^ bom 
June 11, 1889. 

MellviUe Preston Shearer, ^ 
born December 23, 1891. 

Leonora Shearer, ^ bom June 
15, 1900. 

Charlotte Preston, • bom Aug- 
ust 24, 1870. 

Bobert Irvine Preston, ® bom 
November 28, 1872. 

Thornton Porter Preston, • 
bom December 10, 1874. 

Married Mra Ida Wood, Octo- 
ber 25, 1897. 

James Oak Preston, • bom Sep- 
.tember 30, 1877. 

Married Helen Campbell, Octo- 
bo- 19, 1900. 

Woodford Campbell Preston, ^ 
bom August 30, 1901. 

Martha Elowise Preston, "^ bom 
July 20, 1903. 

Alice Preston, • bom May 24, 
1881, died January 19, 1886. 

Eleanor Preston, ® born T': . 
mary 6, 1884. 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorlcal Society. 

Thornton Porter, * bom July! 
13, 1845, MUed at the baUle of 
Vicksburg tinder command of 
General Sterling Price, June 24, 

Edward Lacey Porter, ^ bom 
November 20, 1847. 

Married Sallie Bbulden, Sep- 
tember 28, 1870, in Pettius Co., 

David Irvine Porter, ® bom Aug- 
ust 8, 1871. 

Married Jennie McFarland, De- 
cember, 1900. 

Edwin Clark Porter, ® born 
May 28, 1873. 

Married Susan Sparba. 

Thornton Porter, • bom Jan- 
uary 25, 1875. 

Qiarles Porter, ® born August 
24, 1877. 

Bettie Porter, • bom May 20, 

Woodford Porter, ® bom July 9, 
1881, died December 8, 1901. 

Mary Porter, * born November 
13, 1849. 

Married Daniel Cooper, May 22, 
1867, at Versailles, Ky. 

Thornton Cooper, ® born March 
12, 1869. 

Married Mary Louise King, De- 
cember 11, 1902. 

Mary Eleanor Cooper, '^ bom 
July 1, 1905, died September 13, 

John Daniel Cooper, ^ bom 
April 30, 1907. 

Charles Eandolph Porter, • 
bom October 18, 1852, died May 
23, 1876. 

Married Elizabeth Bennett, Jan- 
uary 7, 1875, at San Antonio, Tex. 

Elfreda Oak Porter, ^ bom De- 
cember 26, 1854. 

Married Frederick Madeira, De- 
cember 22, 1880, at Versailles, Ky. 

Pauline Madeira, ^ bom May 7, 

Married Dr. Andrew D. Hoidale, 
December 27, 1905, at Kansas City, 

Porter Madeira Hoidale, ^ bom 
January 16, 1910. 

Louise Madeira, ® born Novem- 
ber 26, 1887. 

Married Herman Raymond 
Seiter, May 2, 1907, at Kansas 
Qty, Mo. 

Herman Eidgely Seiter, ^ bom 
March 9, 1909. 

Pauline Porter, ^ bom Aligust 
15, 1861, died May 5, 1892. 

Married James Montgomery, 
October 14, 1886, in Missouri. 

Oak Montgomery, • born April 
5, 1889. 

Married Granville Blackburn, 
March 22, 1909, in Missouri. 

Paul Montgomery, ® born De- 
cember 5, 1890. 

Elizabeth Thornton, * bom Sep- 
tember 19, 1827. 

Married Ulysses. Turner, May 
24, 1849, at Versailles, Ky. 

Charlotte Turner, ^ born Octo- 
ber 25, 1851. 

Married Joseph Marshall Bow- 
mar, June 15, 1876, at Versailles, 


Charlotte Thornton Bowmar, • 
bom July 19, 1877. 

Married WTiitley Sessions, June 
8, 1904. 

Charlotte Whitley Sessions, ^ 
bom Febmary 22, 1905. 

Fannie Adams Bowmar, • bom 
March 21, 1880. 

Married Herman Bowmar, Sep- 
tember 9, 1903. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Elizabeth Bowmar, ® bom De- 
cember 9, 1881. 

Married George Taylor Fish- 
back, June 12, 1906. 

George Taylor Fishback, Jr., ^ 
born March 18, 1907. 

Catharine 0. Fishback, ^ bom 
April 12, 1908. 

Catharine Hunter Bowmar, * 
bom April 2, 1884. 

Lester Turner, ^ born July 23, 

Married Annie Eoe, June 1, 
1876, in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Charles Edwin Turner, • bom 
March 8, 1877, died April 23, 1896. 

Anna Turner, • bom May 12, 


Lester N. Turner, • bom March 
26, 1881. 

EUa Steele Turner, * born May 

15, 1855. 

Hontas Virginia Turner, ^ bom 
Febmary 16, 1857. 

Edwin Thornton Turner, ^ bom 
December 28, 1858, died March 6, 

Fannie Turner, * bom October 

16, 1860. 

Mary Logan Turner, ^ born Oc- 
tober 10, 1863. 

Married William 0. Davis, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1887, in Versailles, Ky. 

Charlotte Railey Davis, • bom 
December 12, 1887. 

Ulysses Turner, Jr., ^ bom 
A'pril 24, 1866. 

Married, first Genevieve Mc- 
Dougal, July, 1894; married sec- 
ond Annabel Scearse, June 18, 

Harry McDougal Turner, ® bom 
January 3, 1899. 

James T. Thomton, * bom June 
29, 1834. 

Married Mary Simpson, Octo- 
ber 2, 1855. 

Elizabeth Thornton, ^ bom Aug- 
ust 19, 1856. 

Married John James Stevens^ 
December 3, 1879, in San Antonio, 

Mary Stevens, ® born December 


Married Claude Spingall, in 

San Antonio, Texas. 
Mary Thomton Spingall. '' 
Thomton Stevens, « born July 

31, 1882. 

Married Mae Douglass, in San- 
Antonio, Texas. 

John James Stevens, Jr., « bom 
November 19, 1883. 

Married Katharine Douglas, in 
San Antonio, Texas. 

John James Stevens, m. ^ 

Dourfas Stevens. "^ 

Bettie Stevens, • bom July 16, 

Married Raymond Keller, in 
San Antonio, Texas. 

Raymond Keller, Jr. ^ 

Eleanor Stevens, ® born Decem- 
ber 15, 1892. 

James Simpson Thomton, * 
born April 2, 1861. 

Married Catharine Foster, De- 
cember 20, 1882, in San Antonio, 

Minnie Thomton. ® 
Charlotte Thomton. • 
Charlotte Thornton, ^ bom 
April 10, 1865. 

Mary Thomton, " bom August 
3, 1871. 

Eleanor Thomton, ^ bom April 
22, 1876. 


RKOtattr 9/1 tb# K^oUieky SUtt i4J«jterical SoQloty. 

Qontas Thomtou, ^ l)om Sep- 
tember 14, 1837. 

Married Edwin S- Oraig, No- 
vember 18, 1873, in Versailles, Ky., 
no issue. 

Edwin Klavanaugh Thornton, * 
bom November 4, 1840. 

Married Lucrecia L. Hobbs, 
May 2, 1861. 

Wilbur Hobbs Thornton, • bom 
March 12, 1862. 

Married Laura Hiter, 1884, at 
Versailles, Ky. 

David Thornton, ' bom March 
28, 1864. 

Married Oatharine Haley, Jan- 
uary 21, 1885, at Kansas Qity, Mo. 

Mabel Thornton, ® bom Feb- 
mary 11, 1886. 

Married William Clay Arnold, 
December 19, 1906. 

Stanley Thornton, ^ bom Sep- 
tember 27, 1867, died January ^3, 

Married Virginia Woodson^ Oc- 
tober 3, 1888, at Kan&as City, Mo. 

Woodson Stanley Thornton, ® 
bom October 15, 1890. 

James Thornton, ^ bom Jui/ 2, 


Edwin Thornton, ^ bom Feb- 
raary 16, 1876. 

Woodford Bailey Thornton, * 
bom Auguist 19, 1844. 

Married Lucy Dupuy Bailey, 
May 22, 1866. 

Charles Bandolph Thornton, * 
born July 11, 1847, died un- 

Margaret Crittenden Bailey, • 
bom January 5, 1807, died Octo- 
ber 7, 1863. 

Married, first William Green, 

December 8, 1825, of Mississippi; 
married, second Bishop H. H. 
Kavanaugh, July 24, 1828. 

Charles William Eiavanaugh, * 
died young. 

David Ella Kbvanaugh, * died 

Ben j amine Taylor Kavanaugh,^ 
died young. 

John Hubbard Kavanaugh, * 
died young. 

Lewis C)|lark Bailey, ® bom De- 
cember 27, 1808; died September 
29, 1891. 

Married Susan Mary Hardin, 
August 16, 1830, at Harrodsburg, 

Martin H. Steele Bailey, * bom 
June 19, 1831, died Febmary 13, 

Married Maggie Templeton, 
November 3, 1875, at Pueblo, Col- 

Mary Hardin Bailey, ^ bom 
November 10, 1877. 

Married Irving Bliss Esmay, 
November 1, 1905. 

Susan Emory Bailey, * bom 
September 15, 1832, died Septem- 
ber 8, 1876. 

Elizabeth White Bailey, * bom 
November 9, 1833, died young. 

Lewis dark Bailey, ^ born De- 
Febmary 27, 1835. 

Married Maggie Lee Patton, De- 
cember 31, 1873, at Pueblo, Colo. 

Bertie Hardin Bailey, ^ bom 
May 6, 1875. 

Josephine Bailey, * bom Aug- 
ust 21, 1837. 

Mark Hardin Bailey, * bom De- 
cember 17, 1839. 

. Married, first Martha Bandolph 
Slaughter, January 15, 1868, in 

lltftf Itft^ df tM i(€ittvl€ky tttM fntioi1e«l Aoelffy. 


^exae; married, decbnd Ctemin- 
tine Brown, 1880. 

<*ary Sl«ug!lter fiailey, • born 
Febfuary 16, 1869. 

Married George Freeman 
Schroeter, Febniary 16, 1893, of 

Pattie Schroeter, • born Feb- 
fnary 3, 1894. died young. 

William Freeman Schroeter^ • 
torn February 3, 1896. 

Mark Lewis Schroeter, ® torn 
September 26, 1897. . 

Lnla Agnes Schroeter, • born 
October ll. 1899. 

Siisie Mae Schroeter, ® bom 
April 15, 1902. 

Hallie Emory Schroeter, ® born 
May 3, 1904. 

Qeorge Eailey Schroeter, * bom 
December 18, 1905. 

John Slaughter Eailey, ^ bom 
February 13, 1871, died October 
14, 1876. 

Martin Hardin Eailey, Jr., • 
bom April 1, 1872. 

Married Daisy Speilman, Sep- 
tember 29, 1894. 

Mary Agnes Eailey, ® bom Jan- 
uary 12, 1896. 

Bonnie B. Eailey. • 

Q-abriel Webster Eailey, ^ bom 
May 31, 1874. 

Married Beatricia Barton, Jan- 
uary 1, 1896. 

Eoy Eailey, « bom 1901. 

Sarah Pleasants Eailey, ^ bom 
September 23, 1876. Married Wil- 
liam Pope LeMaster, Oct 18, 1905, 
at Denver, Colo. 

Nathaniel Field LeMaster, ® 
bom April 22, 1909. 

Tarleton Eailey, • bom Septem- 
ber 1, 1810, died August 21, 1879. 

Mai^i^, drst Sar^h McBrayer^ 
October 27, 1835, at Lawrenceburif, 
Ky.j mairried second Mary W. 
Blackwell, August 15, 1839, Law- 
renceburg, K^^. 

Mary Aim Eailey, * bom Feb- 
ruary 17, 1838, died April 9, 1887. 

Married Dr. Alfred Baxter 
Sloan, t)ecember 20, 1855, at 
Harrisonville, Mo, 

Charles Clarence Sloan, ^ bom 
October 18, 1856. 

lUfarried, first Mary Townsend 
Addams, November 27, 1878, in 
Missouri; married second Helen 
Gordon Brown, June, 1908, in Mo. 

Edith Terrill Sloan, « bom, 1879. 

Married Charles Gregory 
Hutcheson, January 5, 1902, in 

Elizabeth Hutcheson, ^ bom 
September 12, 1903. 

Charles Gregory Hucheson, 
Jr., ^ bom May 31, 1907. 

Martha Brown Sloan, • bom 
October 16, 1909. 

Sarah Lee Sloan, ^ bom April 
3, 1859. 

Married William Eankin "Sof^ 
sett, May 11, 1881, in Missouri. 

William Sloan Hogsett, ® bont 
September 29, 1883. 

Married Sadie Estelle Cook, 
March 11, 1908, in Missouri. 

Dr. Eobert Tferleton Sloan, ^ 
born March 30, 1861. 

Married Carrie Eoberta Parks, 
May 25, 1887, in Kansas City, Mo. 

Mary Eoberta Sloan, ® bom 
May 17, 1888. 

Helen Ewing Sloan, ® bom April 
18, 1897. 

Eoberta Tarleton Sloan, • bom 
March 10, 1901. 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetorical Society. 

fiowland Boggess Sloan, • bom 
December 29, 1866. 

Alfred McOready Sloan, ' bom 
July 10, 1870. 

Married Edith Maude Bascom, 

1902, in Missouri. 

Olive J. Sloan, ® bom October 
18, 1903. 

Edith Bascom Sloan, • bom De- 
cember 4, 1904. 

Eoberta Lee Sloan, ® bom May 
7, 1907. 

Alice Patton Sloan, ^ born De- 
cember 3, 1875. 

Married William Sheldon Small- 
wood, October 26, 1905, in Mis- 

Sarah Elizabeth Railey, * bom 
May 14, 1840, died December 19, 

1903. Married Richard Gates 
Boggess, January 20, 1860, in Cass 
Co., Mo. 

Earie Montrose Boggess. *^ 

Married Hattie Gough. 

Leonidas C9ay Railey, * bom 
Febraary 6, 1843, died July 26, 

Robert; Tarieton Railey, * bom 
January 19, 1850. 

Married Martha Stuart Beatty, 
September 3, 1874, in Harrison- 
ville, Mo. 

Thomas Tarieton Railey, " bom 
Febraary, 1885. 

Catharine Steele Railey, * bom 
Febmary 6, 1853. 

Married James E. Hocker, Feb- 
mary 25, 1873, in Cass Co., Mo. 

Leonidas Oates Hocker, ^ bom 
November 21, 1873. 

Married Mary Norris Berry, 
June 15, 1904. 

Edward Berry Hocker, ® bom 
November 19, 1908. 

Lon 0. Hocker, ® bom May 20, 

Logan Railey, " bom February 
17, 1813, died October 28, 1891. 

Married Harriet M. Rowland, 
June 19, 1836, in Versailles, Ky. 

Belle Bailey, * born December 

17, 1840, died April 28, 1884. 
Married William G. Stone, May 

21, 1861, at Versailles, Ky. 

William Haydon Stone, ^ bom 

Mary Hadley Stone. ^ 

Charles Logan Stone. ^ 

Married Reba Athey, Novem- 
ber 26, 1890, at Covington, Ky. 

Reba Athey Stone. • 

Charles Logan Stone. ® 

Cornelia Lyle Stone. ^ 

Cornelia Railey, * bom March 
15, 1843, died October 31, 1881. 

Married Joel Irvine Lyle, Feb- 
raary 8, 1869. 

J. Irvine Lyle, ^ bom February 
14, 1874. 

Married Elizabeth Biggarstaff, 
December 23, 1901. 

Cornelia Elizabeth Lyle, ® bom 
September 22, 1902. 

Joel Irvine Lyle, Jr., « bom 
May 3, 1906. 

Ernest Thornton Lyle, ^ born 
December 6, 1879. 

Married Grace Boynton, April 

18, 1906. 

Cornelius Railey Lyle, ^ bom 
October 10, 1881. 

Married Marie Leslie Brower, 
June 2, 1908. 

Charles Logan Railey, * bom 
At)ril 17, 1844. 

Married Ada Pepper, Novem- 
ber 4, 1868. 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorleai Society. 


Charles Elmer Bailey, ^ bom 
August 18, 1869. 

Married, first Mary Belle 
Bradley, November 29, 1894; 
married, second Elise Kane Castle- 
man, April 20, 1904. 

Bradley Stone Bailey, ® born 
October 4, 1897. 

Charles Logan Bailey, Jr., ® 
bom June 21, 1905. 

Elise Bailey, • bom May 17, 

Ada Bailey, ^ bom May 19, 

Married David Oastleman, De- 
cember 23, 1902. 

Ada Mayo Castleman, • bom 
March 20, 1905. 

Annette Bailey, * born, 1875. 

Married Dr. Charles Stuart 
Elliott, March 17, 1898. 

E. Bayard Bailey, ^ born Sep- 
tember 20, 1882. 

Married Sue Metcalfe, July 19, 

Bussell Bailey, * bom February 

6, 1850, died September 1, 1911. 

Married Elizabeth Walker, De- 
cember 24, 1903. 

Irvine Bailey, * born June 24, 

Married Mrs. Victor Gray, (Nee 
Morancey), January 2, 1900. 

Agnes Morancey Biailey, ^ bom 
January 24, 1906. 

Hattie Bailey, * bom July 1, 

Married Edward Ward, May, 

Boberta Ward, ^ bom Septem- 
ber 18, 1882. 

Married W. Lacey Kirtley, Sep- 
tember 28, 1904. 

Elizabeth Bailey Kirtley, bom 
June 28, 1905. 

Boberta Ward Kirtley, bom 
September 27, 1907. 

Logan Bailey Ward, ^ bom Sep- 
tember 29, 1884. 

Married Katharine Weisenbach, 

Logan Ward, bom July, 4, 1909. 

A'nna Davis Ward, ^ bom Sep- 
tember 19, 1888. 

Married E. E. Hughes, Novem- 
ber 11, 1904. 

Edward Ward Hughes, bom 
August 22, 1905. 

Margaret Ward Hughes, bom 
December 26, 1907. ' 

Thomas Elliott Hughes, bom 
May 7, 1911. 

Martin Bailey, * bom January 

18, 1815, died September 23, 1837. 

Francis Sweeney Bailey, ^ bom 
November 17, 1816, died August 

19, 1843. 

Charles Bailey, tenth of John 
Bailey and Elizabeth Bandolph, 
was bom on * * Stonehenge ' * farm, 
near Bichmond, Va., in 1766. He 
and his brother, Bandolph Bailey, 
came to Kentucky about 1793, and 
he located near Versailles, Ky., 
on a farm adjoining the farm of 
his brother William Bailey. After 
making all necessary prepara- 
tions for a comfortable future, he 
returned to Virginia, in 1796 to 
marry the girl who had looked up- 
on him with favor before he left 
the old Virginia home. This lady 
was Mary Mayo, fourth of Col. 
William Mayo and Catharine 
Swann, of Bichmond. Although 
his brother Martin Bailey had 
married her sister two years be- 


n9flt9/t§t #f tiM Kdiflusly 

fom without parental ^Tectioa it 
was not so in the cade of Charles 
Sailey, as the family frowned np- 
on the thought of their daughter, 
Mary^ being taken over the moun- 
tains to the wilderness beyond, as 
Kentucky was called at that period 
by all Virginians east of the **Bhie 
Ridge/' They dreaded the dan- 
gers one must encounter owing to 
the numerous tribes of savages 
that had been driven to the inter- 
ior as a result of the Revolution. 
So determined was this opposition 
to their daughter going to Ken- 
tucky, that an elopement wsls 
planned to take place from a ball 
given by the young men of Rich- 
mond, Va., on a night in April, 
1796. Their plans were well exe- 
cuted and as a result the marriage 
occurred on the fourth day of 
April, 1796. They came to Ken- 
tucky during the following summer 
and entered upon life's duties on 
''Buck Eun" farm in the old 
Eailey neighborhood, near Ver- 
sailles, where they spent a long, 
useful and happy life, rearing a 
large family of children to bless 
their old age. Russell Railey is 
the present owner of ''Buck Run'' 
estate which passed to him 
through his father Logan Railey, 
tenth of Charles Railey and Mary 

Charles Railey served a term in 
the Kentucky Legislature as the 
representative of Woodford coun- 
ty, during the 40 's, but he posi- 
tively refused ever afterward to 
run for office. Their eldest son, 
James Railey cast his lot in Miss- 
issippi at an early age where he 

OLorried Matilda £L Green^ tiie 
daughter of a weaiiky planter oi 
that State. Miiry Eliza Baiky, 
the eldest bom of this couple^ 
married the Bev. Frederick W. 
Boyd, a minister of the Episcopal 
ehurch, in 1844. This couple rais- 
ed four sons, one of whom Loyd 
Tilghman Boyd is the pre&^ent 
publisher of the Milwaukee Jour- 
nal, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Charles Blailey^ Jr., the 2nd of 
Chas. Railey and Mary Mayo, 
settled in New Orleans at the age 
of eighteen years where he married 
Jane Reams soon thereafter. The 
eldest son of this couple, Charles 
Randolph Railey, married Eliz- 
abeth Helm, of Natchez, Miss., and 
their three children, Ann Maria 
Railey who married Dr. W. W. 
Black, Jennie Railey who married 
Andrew AL Woods, and William 
Mayo Railey who married Lina 
Howell, are residents of New Or- 
leans. William Mayo Railey is at 
the head of a large marine and 
fire insurance business that takes 
in several states along the Gulf 
Coast. Other children and grand- 
children of Charles Railey, Jr., 
and Mary Reams live in Louisiana, 
Mississippi and Texas. 

Catharine Swann Railey, the 
3rd of Charles Railey and Mary 
Mayo was born near Versailles, 
Ky., in 1800, and married John 
Steele, of Versailles, Ky., in 1816. 
Their daughter, Agnes Winfleld 
Steele, who was the only child, v^as 
bom in Woodford County, Ky., in 
1817 and married Thomas F. 
Thornton, of Versailles, in 1835, 
and their daughter, an only child. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Susan Catharine Thornton, was 
born in 1836. She married Sandy 
Brown, of Versailles, Ky., in 1856. 
They lived in St. Louis, Mo., for 
many years, where Mr. Brown was 
in business, but the family now 
reside at Joplin, Mo. Mrs. Brown 
has quite a good deal of family 
data and is a most estimable wo- 

Nancy Scott Bailey, 4th of 
Oharles Bailey and Mary Mayo, 
was bom in Woodford county, 1^., 
in 1801, and married Allen Bow- 
land, of that county, in 1828. Their 
son, Oharles Wesley Bowland, 
married Virginia Green and was 
one of Cincinnati's business men 
for many years. 

Samuel Bailey, 5th of Charles 
Railey and Mary Mayo, married 
first Martha Bowland at Ver- 
sailles, Ky., and second, Sallie 
Tucker, of Paris, Ky. Their de- 
scendants all live in Missouri and 
possess much data relative to 
their ancestors. 

Charlotte Bailey, 6th of Charles 
Railey and Mary Mayo, was bom 
in Woodford county, in 1805 and 
married David Thornton in lft23. 
David Thornton was a banker at 
Versailles, Ky., for many years 
and served Woodford county in 
both branches of the Kentucky 
Legislature. Their eldest daugh- 
ter, Eleanor Thornton, married 
David I. Porter, of Versailles, Ky., 
in 1841. She is still living at the 
advanced age of eighty-six years, 
with her daughter, Mrs. Daniel 
Cooper, at Sedalia, Mo., and al- 
though quite old her mind is won- 
derfully clear and much of the 

H. R— 9. 

data concerning the Bandolphs, 
Mayos and Baileys was furnished 
by her as she received it from her 
grandparents and others of the 
old Baileys in person. All of 
her Kentucky relatives remember 
her as a woman of many lovable 
traits of character. Her descend- 
ants are in Missouri, Texas and 
California. Elizabeth Thornton 
was the second of David Thornton 
and Charlotte Bailey. She mar- 
ried Ulysses Turner, a lawyer of 
Versailles, Kjy., in 1849. The most 
of their descendants live at Ver- 
sailles, Ky. Their daughter, Mary 
Logan Turner, married William 0. 
Davis, an attorney of Versailles, 
Ky. Hontas Thornton, fourth of 
David Thornton and Charlotte 
Bailey, married Edwin S. Craig, 
an attorney at Versailles, Ky. 

Edwin Kavanaugh Thornton and 
Woodford Bailey Thornton, sons 
of David and Charlotte Thornton, 
were for many years bankers at 
Kansas City, Mo., where their sons 
are now connected with banking in- 

Margaret Crittenden Bailey was 
the 7th of Charles Bailey and Mary 
Mayo. She married Bishop H. H. 
K}avanaugh, of the Methodist 
Church, at Versailles, Ky., in 1828. 

Lewis Clark Bailey was the 8th 
of Charles Bailey and Mary Mayo^ 
He married Susan Mary Hardin^ 
of Harrodsburg, Ky., in 1830. His 
descendants live in Colorado, New 
Mexico and Texas. 

Tarleton Bailey was the 9th of 
Charles Bailey and Mary Mayo. 
He was twice married, first to 
Sarah McBrayer, of Lawrence-^ 


RegMcr of thg K«iiloeliy •!■*• Hlolorioal •ooletjr. 

burg, Ky., and second to Mary W. 
Blackwell, of the same town, his 
second wife being a neice of his 
first wife. He located at Harrison- 
ville, Mo., before the Civil War 
where h^ raised an interesting 
family. His daughter, Mary Ann 
Bailey, married Dr. Alfred Bax- 
ter Sloan at Harrisonville, Mo., in 
1855, and their eon, Dr. Bobert 
Tarleton Sloan, is one of the lead- 
ing physicians of Kansas City, 
where he married* Carrie Boberta 
Parks in 1882. WilUam Sloan 
Hogsett, a lawyer of Kansas City, 
is a grandson of Dr. Alfred Bax- 
ter Sloan and Mary Ann Bailey. 

Bobert Tarleton Bailey, son of 
Tarleton Bailey and Mary Black- 
well, married Mary Stuart Beatty, 
daughter of Dr. Thomas Stuart 
Beatty, in 1874. He is a lawyer 
and is the general attorney 
of the Missouri Pacific and 
Iron Mountain railroads with 
headquarters at St. Louis. His 
son, Thomas Tarlton Bailey, 
is also a lawyer. Having known 
Bobert Tarleton Bailey from 
childhood I must say that he 
is universally esteemed for his 
manlinese and high character. 

Catharine Steele Bailey was the 
youngest of the children of Tarl^ 
ton Blailey and Mary Blackwell. 
She married James E. Hooker at 
Harrisonville, Mo., in 1873, and 
their only son, Leonidas Gates 
Hocker, is one of the leading law- 
yers of St. Louis. He married 
Mary Norris Berry in 1904. 

Logan Bailey was the 10th of 
Charles Bailey and Mary Mayo. 
He married Harriet M. Bowland 

in VeiBaillefi, in 1836. He lived, 
until his death, on '^Buck Bun*' 
farm, the old home of his father 
and his son Bussell Bailey is the 
present owner of the estate. 

Now to make plain the relation- 
ship of the Biaileys to the Mayos 
you must understand that Martin 
and Charles Bailey, two sons of 
John Bailey and Elizabeth Ban- 
dolph, married Elizabeth and Mary 
Mayo, daughters of Col. William 
Mayo and Catharine Swann, of 
Biohmond, Va. Joseph Bandolph 
Bailey, nephew of Martin and 
Charles Bailey, Married Nancy 
M&yo who was a sister of Eliz- 
abeth and Mary Mayo. William 
Mayo, Jr., who was a brother of 
these three girls married Caroline 
Fleming Pleasants, daughter of 
Mathew Pleasants and Anna 



Eleventh bom of John Bailey 
and Elizabeth Bandolph. Married, 
first, Mary Elizabeth Kteith; sec- 
ond, Martha Pleasants. Their de^ 
scendants : 

John Bailey ^ Elizabeth Ban- 

Bandolph Bailey, * bom May 14, 
1770; died May 28, 1837. 

Married, first, Elizabeth K^th, 
1800; second, Martha Pleasants, 

Isham Keith Bailey, ' bom 1801 ; 
died 1803. 

Boone Bailey, • bom October 26, 
1820; died March 28, 1869. 

Married Elizabeth Wheeler, 
June 14, 1853. 

•f Ih^ H%nt»ukr ttilft HlttariMl SMMyi, 


Bandolidi Baiiey^ ^ bom 1854; 
<Eed 1860. 

Samuel Wheeler Bailey, ^ bora 
February 16, 185& 

Anna Bailey, ^ born April 29, 

Married John Oalhoun Bnrnetty 
November 16, 1883. 

Gilbert Burnett, ^ bora October 
8, 1887. 

l^eodore L. Burnett, ^ born 
January 1, 1890. 

The posterity of Band^ijA 
Bailey, the 11th born of John 
Bailey and Elisabeth Bandolph, 
occupies less space than is re- 
quired for each of his brothers and 
sisters. He was born on the 
**Stonehenge'* farm in Chester- 
field county, Virginia, and edu- 
cated at Bichmond. The date of 
his birth was 1770. He accom- 
panied his brother Charles Bailey, 
who came to Kentucky about 1793, 
and they both settled in Woodford 
county on farms adjacent to their 
brother William. The home of 
Bandolph Bailey was known as 
* * Oanebreak. ' * This farm passed 
out of the hands of the family 
about ten years after the Civil 
War. Bandolph Bailey first mar- 
ried his cousin Mary Elizabeth 
Keith, second bom of Captain 
Isham Keith and Charlotte Ash- 
more. The marriage ceremony 
was performed at the home of Gen- 
eral Humphrey Marshall, whose 
wife was her first cousin. Only one 
child blessed this union. Both 
mother and child died within a 
short period after the birth of the 
latter. Bandolph Bailey's second 
marriage was to his cousin Martha 

Bandolph Pleasants. She was also 
9 cousin, to hia first wife. Martha 
Bandolph Pleasants was the 2nd 
bom of James Pleasants and 
Anna Bandolph and hence a sister 
of Gtov. James Pleasants, of Vir- 
ginia. Many of the older descend* 
ants of the Baileys now living re- 
member Bandolph Bailey and his 
wife Pattie, as she was familiarly 
known,, with muek pleasure. Many 
have written of the hospitable old 
home and speak of the old couple 
in affectionate terms. Their 
grandson, Samuel Wheeler Bailey, 
is an attomey-at-law and has been 
connected with the legal depart- 
ment of the United States Treas- 
ury at Washington City since 
1886. His motto is liberty, 
and hence he has never married. 
He spends his vacations in travel- 
ing and has made several trips 
abroad besides taking in many 
of the interesting points in 
America. His presence would 
assure you that he knew the 
most fashionable tailor in the 
community, and the writer knuws 
that he is familiar with the best 
hostelries. His sister, Anna 
Bailey, married Mr. John Cal- 
houn Burnett, a lawyer of Louis- 
ville, Ky., and has several inter- 
esting children. Chi^rles and Ban- 
dolph Bailey accompanied their 
brother William Bailey and his 
wife, Judith Woodson, to Kien- 
tucky. In the company was also 
their sister Jane. Several other 
Virginians whose names I do not 
recall were in the company and all 
settled in Kentucky. 

Now to sum up the Bandolph re- 
lationship you will understand that 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

the mother of these eleven chil- 
dren was Elizabeth Randolph. 
Thomas, William and Isham 
Bailey married three of the daugh- 
ters of Col. John Woodson and 
his wife Dorothy Randolph. Ran- 
dolph Railey's first wife was a 
granddaughter of Mary Isham 
Randolph and the Rev. James 
Keith. His second wife was a 
daughter of Anna Randolph and 
James Pleasants, of ** Contention '* 
and a sister of Governor James 
Pleasants of Virginia. Elizabeth, 
Dorothy and Anna Randolph were 
daughters of Col. Isham Randolph 
and Jane Rogers, and hence sis- 
ters, of Thomas Jefferson's mother, 
Jane Randolph. Mary Isham Ran- 
dolph was a daughter of Thomas 
Randolph and Judith Fleming. 
The writer of these notes is 
descended from Elizabeth and 
Dorothy and also from Mary 
Isham Randolph. Samuel Wheeler 
Railey is descended from Eliza 
beth and Anna Randolph. 

The Strothers and their Railey 
connections : 

William Strother, ^ died 1702. 

Married Dorothy (Strother). 

Jeremiah Strother, ^ died 1741. 

Married Eleanor (Strother). 

Francis Strother, » of ''St. 
Marks Parrish.'* 

Married Susanna Dabney. 

William Strother, * of ' ' Orange * ' 
bom 1728; died 1808. 

Married, first, Sarah Pannill, 
1751 (widow of Wm. Pannill) ; 
second, Anna Kavanaugh. (No 
issue.) (Widow of Philemon Kav- 

William Dabney Strother, "^ an 
oflScer in Revolution killed at bat- 
tle of Guilford C. H. 

Susanna Strother. ' 

Married, first, Capt. Moses Haw- 
kins; second, Thomas Coleman. 

William Strother Hawkins, • 
bom June 1, 1772, died October 
6, 1858. 

Married Catharine Keith, Octo- 
Ifr 14, 1802. 

Catharine Keith Hawkins, ^ bom 
October 18, 1825, died June 22, 

Married Richard Henry Railey, 
February 25, 1852. 

William; Edward Railey, ® bom 
December 25, 1852. 

Married Annie H. Owsley, May 
26, 1886. 

Jennie Farris Railey, • bora 
June 28, 1887. 

Sarah Strother. ^ 

Married Col. Richard Taylor. 

General Zachary Taylor, ® Presi- 
dent, 1848. 
Married Margaret Smith. 

William Strother, the progeni- 
tor of this line, is supposed to 
have died about 1702. He was of 
Northumberland county, Virginia, 
where he settled on the Rappa- 
hannock river near Fredricks- 
burg about 1650. He had several 
brothers of whose descendants I 
have no record. He and his wife, 
Dorothy, reared six children. His 
will is of record in Richmond coun- 
ty, afterward King George county, 
and is dated 1700, his estate being 
devised to his wife Dorothv for 
life and then to his sons, William, 
James, Jeremiah, Robert, Benja- 
mine and Joseph. The above Jere- 

Register of the Kehtucky State Historical Society. 


miah married Eleanor — He lived 
in that part of Orange county that 
afterwards became Culpepper, 
where he died in 1741. His will 
was proven by J. Slaughter, 
John Catlett and Wm. Lighffoot 
and his estate was devised to his 
wife Eleanor for life. They reared 
eight children whose names were 
James, William of ^'Stafford," 
Francis of **St. Marks,'' Jere- 
miah, Jr.; Ohristopher, Catharine, 

Elizabeth and . His 

two eldest sons, James and Wil- 
liam, of '^Stafford,'' (so-called 
afterward to distinguish him 
from his nephew William, of 
** Orange,") were the executors of 
his will. Many distinguished peo- 
ple were descended from these 
eight children. James married 
Margaret French; William, of 
* ^ Stafford, ' ' married Margaret 
Watts and they were blessed with 
thirteen daughters whose descend- 
ants added much to Virginia's 
social and political lustre. 

Francis, of *'St. Marks," mar- 
ried Susanna Dabney, and Jere- 
miah, Jr., married Catharine Kim- 

Frances, of St. Marks, who 
married Susanna Dabney, daugh- 
ter of John Dabney and Sarah 
Jennings, was the proud parent of 
ten children. The first was John 
who married Mary Wade. They 
were the ancestors of John Stroth- 
er Pendleton, congressman and 
foreign minister. 

Anthony, the second, married 
first Behethland Storke and sec- 
ond Mary James. From the first 
marriage came Col. John Strother, 

of the War of 1812, and his son 
General David Hunter Strother, of 
*'Port Crayon" fame. 

George, the third son, married 
MoUie Kamberly and by this union 
came General William Preston, of 
Lexington, and General Albert 
Sidney Johnston, who was killed 
at Shiloh. 

William, of '* Orange," fourth, 
married, first, Sarah Pannill, 
widow of William Pannill; second, 
Anna Kavanaugh, widow of Phile- 
mon Kavanaugh. By the last mar- 
riage no issue. The first born was 
William Dabney Strother, who 
wasi an officer in Col. Richard Tay- 
lor's command, who was his 
brother-in-law. He was killed in 
the engagement at Guilford C. H. 
Susanna Strother was the second 
bom of William, of Orange, and 
Sarah Pannill. She married Cap- 
tain Moses Hawkins who was kill- 
ed in battle at Germantown, 1777. 
Captain Moses Hawkins and Sus- 
anna Strother were the great 
grand parents of the compiler of 
the Bailey-Randolph notes. A 
few years after the death of Capt. 
Moses Hawkins his widow married 
Thomas Qoleman of Culpepper. 
Thomas Coleman was a corporal 
in Captain Hawkins' company. 
Sarah Strother, the third of Wil- 
liam, of Orange, and Sarah Pan- 
nill married Col. Richard Taylor 
and they were the parents of Gen- 
eral Zachary Taylor who became 
President in 1848. 

In 1787 William Strother, of 
Orange, in company with Thomas 
Coleman and wife and her four 
Hawkins children moved to Ken- 


wH9^(l9nmm Qv Wl#' MBHMMRy VMff^ IVflMWl^SW*'9^CMQk 

tucky aisd settled ia Woodfofd 
county near Versaillefik Hu» will 
is of record in the clerk's •fliiee at 
VeTscdUes ia Will Book C, Page 
165. His soA-iBrlaw^ Col. Bichanl 
Taylor^ and grandBon, Hancock 
Taylor, are named as executors. 

I have a great deal of data con- 
cerning the Strothers and their 
kin that is interesting. They were 
intermarried with very many of 
the prominent famdlies of Virginia 
and held an enviable position in 
the early history of that state. 


Recently I have received quite a 
number of letters from relatives 
inquiring why I hadn't given an 
account of the ancestors of John 
Bailey. To them I will say that I 
have no data except some memo- 
randa I made when a boy from 
conversations between relatives 
long since dead, and from these 
notes I was not able to trace the 
exact line, hence left it out entire- 
ly. Had I been able to visit Eng- 
land and spend some time ponng 
over old records I have no doubt 
but that my efforts would have 
been successful in running John 
Bailey's line back several genera- 
tions. I hope some relative, tak- 
ing what I give him or her here, 
will hereafter do that. In the 
meantime we must rest contented 
with this brief statement I made 
from data in my possession. 

When John Bailey landed in 
America about 1740, his name was 
John Baleigh. Court records in 

Virginia^ if not destrcpyed durii^ 
the Civil War, wicU ^ow that h^ 
name was chwogc^l frM^i Jofai 
Baleigh to John Bailey, wUieb 
was the . ^^ronnnciaticA gives 
Baleigh by his Virginia aeighhMB 
at that time. A few of my old 
relatives thought probably he wa» 
a grandson of £&r Walter Baleigh^ 
but the most of those who ^9- 
cussed it were positive that be 
was a great nephew of the m»B 
who lost his head by diso* 
beying orders at the Battle of 
Ft Thomas, Braail, S. A. How- 
ever, that may be, it was known 
by all of the older set that 
**Stonehenge'' farm in Chester- 
field county, Virginia, owned by 
John Bailey, was a part of tbe 
land grant to Sir Walter Baleigh 
by the crown of England. It WM 
further known to them that Johfi 
Bailey was bom and reared on a 
part of the possessions of Sir 
Walter Baleigh in England, and 
when he settled on the farm in 
Virginia he called it * * Stonehenge " 
on account of the stately oaks that 
surrounded the house, as they so 
much reminded him of the same 
species of oak that surrounded the 
home of the '* Druid Priests ^^ in 
England, called ' * Stonehenge. ' ' 
The home of these Druid Priests, 
I think, was adjacent to the large 
estate of Sir Walter Baleigh. 
These large oaks on the ** Stone- 
henge'' farm in Virginia were still 
standing in 1863 and were spoken 
of as monarchs of the forest. 

I am very glad that so many of 
the relatives have manifested such 
a decided interest in acquiring 

Reglater of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


greater knowledge of John 
Bailey's ancestors and it will give 
.me mncli pleasure if some one of 
the relation will take up this ques- 
tion and add the links necessary to 
run his line back several genera- 
tions. I would have done so myself 
but for lack of time and money. 

That John Bailey's grandfather 
was a brother of Sir Walter 
Baleigh I feel satisfied, as that 
was the impression of the old 
Baileys who lived in the early half 
of the last century. Through the 
same source I learned that John 
Bailey was a colonel of militia 
and active in raising volunteers for 
the Bevolution, but I was unable 
to prove it by any record and I 
didn't mention that in the record, 
yet I am certain of it, and his rel- 
atives all speak of him as Col. 
John Bailey who served in the 
Bevolution. I do not believe that 
his neighbors and relatives called 
liini Colonel because of **his an- 
agosity and general understand- 
ing in the neighborhood," as that 
method of dubbing one colonel has 
oome in vogue the last fifty years, 
lution. I do not believe that his 
neighbors and relatives called him 
Colonel because of **hi8 anosity 
and general understanding in the 
neighborhood," as that method of 
dubbing one colonel has come in 
vogue the last fifty years. 

Now, in accounting for John 
Bailey's action in changing his 
name from Baleigh to Bailey I 
only know of two reasons, one of 
which is certainly correct. In the 
first place, the -early colonists soon 
abandoned many of. the customs 
of their English cousins, and there 
was a distinct departure in the 
manner of pronunciation— giving 
for instance to a the same sound 
in Baleigh that would be given in 
Bailey. This may have actuated 
John Bailey in his act, but I think 
it most likely it was the result of 
a sense of mortification, felt by all 
of his relatives, over the untimely 
and sad death of Sir Walter 
Baleigh. John Bailey was much 
embittered against the English 
crown to the day of his death. 
What gives me an additional rea- 
son for taking the last view as the 
most reasonable is the fact that 
many of Sir Walter's relatives in 
England have for two centuries 
spelled the name Bayleigh and 

Trusting that in this brief 
statement I may arouse enough 
interest in this subject to cause 
some one to take it up and carry 
it to a satisfactory conclusion. 

I am, 

Very truly, 
Wm. E. Bailey. 



Contributors — List of 6 

Department of Paragraphs and Clippings 57 

Confederates Who Sleep at Arlington 70 

Governor James B. McCreary 59 

Governor McCreary *s Old Ink-stand 63 

Kentucky Inventors 65 

''Long Ago'' 68 

Monument to Victims of Floyd 's Defeat 74 

Miscellaneous Paragraphs and Clippings 76 

Presidents, The 64 

Tribute of Edward W. Bok to the South 70 

Department of Inquiries and Answers 83 

Five Hundred Kentucky Pioneers 39 

Guthrie, James 7 

Henry Cflay 15 

Meeting of Kentucky State Historical Society 49 

Patriotic Songs of all Nations 29 

Bailey-Bandolph Genealogy (concluded) 89 

Beport of Sec'y-Treas. Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety 87 

Sonnets 53 

Tribute to Hon. Z. F. Smith 27 




Contributors 5 

Colonel George Croghan 21 

Clippings and Paragraphs 61 

History Two-fold 41 

Jefferson Davis, Recollections of 7 

Joseph Rogers Underwood 47 

Mero and Holmes Streets (Frankfort) 55 

Officers of Society 3 

Report of Secretary 77 

Tables of Contents 6 

What's In a Name! 31 



Kentucky State Historical 



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GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY President Ex-Offlcio 

H. V. McCHEaNEY First Vice-President 

W. W. LONGMOOR Second Vice-President and Curator 

MiaS SALLY JACKSON Third Vice-President and Librarian 

MRS. JENNIE C. MORTON Rjegent and Secretary-Ti^asurer 



H. V. McCHESNEY, Chairman. 




W. W. LONGMOOR, 2 Alt. Chm. 


(By order of the Executive Committee, Hon. W. W. Stephenson's 
name is added to this Executive Committee in recognition of his 
Intelligent serviciss to the Society as a member and contributor to 
its Magazine, the Register. — Regent) 



Must be sent by check or money order. All commiinications for The 
Begister should be addressed to Mbs. Jenkie C. Mobton, Editor and 
Secretary-Treasurer, Kentucky State Historical Society, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mbs. Jennie C. Mobton, Editor-in-Chief. 

H. v. McChesney, Associate Editor. 

Peof. G. C. Downing, Regular Contributor. 


If your copy of The Register is not received promptly, please advise 

us. It is issued in January, May and September. 


If there is a blue X upon the first page of your Raster, it denotes that 

your subscription has expired, and that your 

renewal is requested. 

General meeting of the Kentucky State Historical Society, June 7th, the date of 
Daniel Boone'e flret view of the "beautiful level of Kentucky/' 




Col. J. Stoddabd Johnston, Louisville, K7. 

Hon. L. F. Johnson, Frankfort, Ky. 

Miss Martha Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

Hon. W. W. Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

W. W. LoNGMOOR, Frankfort, Ky. 

Prof. G. C. Downing, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mrs. Ella H. Ellw anger, Frankfort, Ky. 

George Barer, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Thos. E. Pickett, Maysville, Ky. 

A. C. QuiSENBERRY, Hvattsville, Md. 


MAY, 1912. 

1. Recollections of Jefferson Davis when Secretary of War in 

President Pierce's Administration, with Portrait of Him, also 
Picture and History of the Statue of Liberty, with which 
Jefferson Davis was Identified by Suggestions to the Artist 
in Fashioning this, the Most Beautiful Figure and Face of a 
Woman in the World. By Mrs. Hezekiah Sturges, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

2. Col. George Croghan, The Hero of Fort Stephenson, 1812, with 

Picture. By A. C. Quisenberry. 

3. "What's in a Name." By Ella H. Ellwanger. 

4. History Two-Fold — Then and Now. J. C. M. 

5. Hon. Joseph Rogers Underwood. By Geo. Baber. 

6. Sweet June, and Other Poems. By Alexander Lynd Lindsay. 

7. Mero and Holmes Streets. By J. C. M. 

8. Department of Clippings and Paragraphs. General Wm. O. 

Butler, and "The Old Ellum Tree Whar Breckinridge Spoke." 
By J. Tandy Ellis. 

9. Report of Books and Magazines. 









By Mrs. Hezekiah Sturges. 

Lapse of time has served to brighten the fame of Jefferson 
Davis, enlarging his greatness as an American statesman and as the 
leader in the greatest civil war since the dawn of modem civilization; 
and there are memories of the distinguished man which, to those who 
stood nearest to him, seem to outshine the deeds that won for him the 
chief place in the annals of that drama in which he bore a preeminent 
part. It is my present aim to recite a few such memories, illustrative 
of his character, and to set them as jewels in the halo that encircles his 
name. E. E. S. 

When, as a girl in the fifties, I 
received from my father, then a 
member of Congress, my first invi- 
tation to join Ihim in Washington, 
an opportunity to enter the gates 
of Paradise could scarcely have af- 
forded me greater delight. As all 
my previous travels had been with- 
in my own Empire State and States 
comprising New England, every 
mile of the journey south from New 
York possessed for me the charm 
of novelty. The distance now 
traversed by a train de luxe in five 
hours, then frequently required 
triple that lengtih of time, and only 
one route was available. Among 
my fellow-passengers were many 
Senators and Representatives, 
who, accompanied by their fam- 
ilies, were returning to Washing- 

A Dinner With Jefferson Davis, 

Shortly after my arrival in 
Washington, my father met the 
Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of 
War in the Cabinet of President 
Pierce, who invited him to dine in- 
formally that evening. When my 
father announced that his little 
daughter was with him in the city, 
I was promptly included in the in- 
viJtation. My toilet, though now 
seeming very simple, was then a 
matter of grave importance to me, 
and I was careful that it should 
meet the approval of the accom- 
plished Mrs. John J. Crittenden, 
the wife of the Kentucky Senator, 
who, in tihe absence of my mother, 
had consented to act as my chap- 
eron. (My dinner gown was of 
gosling gray cashmere, this color 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

always holding a conspicuous place 
in my wardrobe, in deference to the 
Quaker taste of my excellent 
mother.) Secretary Davis resided 
in the mansion built and occupied 
by the Hon. Edward Everett, while* 
Secretary of State in President 
Fillmore's Cabinet. It was an im- 
posing mansion of red brick, in a 
neighborhood then highly favored 
by statesmen, and still suggestive 
of past grandeur. For many years 
this property has been rented by 
the Government, first as a naval 
dispensary, and later as an annex 
to the War Department. 

I was eager to behold the man 
whose oratory, when a young mem- 
ber of the House of Representa- 
tives, had caused John Quincy 
Adams to exclaim : * * That young 
gentleman is no ordinary man. He 
will make his mark. Mr Davis is 
a remarkable man." I was fa- 
miliar, also, with the story of his 
notable military service during the 
Black Hawk war and in the battles 
of Buena Vista and Monterey, and 
of the dangerous wound that he re- 
ceived while leading the gallant 
and triumphant charge of the Miss- 
issippi Volunteer Riflemen at 
Buena Vista, and by reason of 
which he received the cordial greet- 
ings and warm praise of Gen. 
Taylor, after a long period of 
estrangement, since Col. Davis' 
marriage to his daughter in Ken- 
tucky. It is scarcely necessary to 
describe Mr. Davis' personal ap- 
pearance at that time. A presence 
so striking could not but impress 
tihe least observing. He was just 
five feet eleven inches tall, very 
slight and erect ; his hair was black. 

his eyes dark gray, and the com- 
posure of his features seemed the 
index of his well-trained mind and 
studious tastes. His clear enuncia- 
tion and low but perfectly modu- 
lated voice were pleasing to the 

The dinner party, in addition to 
the host and hostess, consisted of 
Senator and Mrs. Brown, of Miss- 
issippi, a distinguished German 
army officer — a friend of the Davis 
family, whose name in my journal 
I cannot now decipher- my father 
and myself. Secretary Davis, 
though he had been Colonel of one 
of tihe most noted regiments in the 
Mexican War, was modestly silent 
as to his own part in that memor- 
able conflict, but was able to give 
the foreign officer many items of 
particular interest in regard to 
Mexico and its people. This he 
did in the stranger ^s own language, 
which rather astonished me, for, 
with the inconsistency of youth, I 
had been accustomed to regard 
disparagingly the German spoken 
by my mother. Mr. Davis gave, 
also, in the Mexican patois, an 
anecdote of General Santa Anna, 
which greatly amused his military 
firuest, and which, being translated 
into English, afforded us all a 
hearty laugh. 

Ole Bull and Patti Concebt. 

The delightful dinner ended, tihe 
entire party, including Secretary 
Davis, repaired to Carusi's Hall, 
then used for entertainments of 
the highest class, but for the past 
quarter of a century, under another 
name, devoted to vaudeville. The 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


attractions of the evening were 
thus described in the advertise- 
ment, wihich I here copy verbatim : 
* * Ole Bull will perform some of his 
finest music, and little Signorina 
Patti and Maurice Strakosch will 
diversify the evening's entertain- 
ment." The hall was crowded with 
an audience, such as rarely had 
been seen at the Capital, to witness 
that ** marvel of human skill and 
human thought. '* Ole Bull carried 
his audience whither he would 
tihrough *' regions of gladness and 
tears," where nothing could be 
heard but the heart's whisper; 
and when he retired, the audi- 
ence almost resented the pro- 
posed appearance of a child, 
said to be devoted chiefly to 
dolls and pets. The curtain rose, 
and Patti, the ''Wonder Child" of 
song, then about ten years of age, 
and with the smallness of stature 
dharacteristic of the Latin races, 
stood revfialed. Beautiful as a 
dream-fairy was she, in her simple 
white gown and blue silk sash. 
Apparently imconscious of either 
criticism or laudation, she sang 
airs from La Somnambula, Norma, 
and the Barber of Seville. Soon 
carping discontent was changed 
into unbounded admiration. **She 
has brought spring birds into 
winter — ^the sun into night!" and 
similar expressions were ftieard on 
all sides. Hats, handkerchiefs and 
flowers filled the air. Encore fol- 
lowed encore. In the midst of all 
this enthusiasm, the artless uncon- 
sciousness of Ihe child prima donna 
appealed to every heart — ^yet, why 
not? Already for more than four 
years — almost half of her short life 

^-she had enjoyed the benefit of 
car ef ill instruction, and had heard 
the great operas sung by all the 
notable vocalists of the day. In 
1850, when but seven years of age, 
she had driven New York wild by 
the manner in which she sang, at a 
charity concert, the final rondo in 
*^La Somnambula," and Jenny 
Lind's famous **Echo Song." 
Through the mist of years, I recall 
those words of the divinely-gifted 
Schiller : * * 0, music ! Thou speak- 
est to me of things which in all my 
life I have not found and shall not 
find." No one in that large, re- 
fined and appreciative audience at 
Carusi's seemed to enjoy the in- 
spiring music of Ole Bull, Sig- 
norina Patti and Maurice Stra- 
kosch more than Jefferson Davis, 
the soldier and statesman, whose 
attention to the musicians was that 
of enraptured admiration. Mr. 
Davis was a lover of art in all its 
forms and phases. 

As Secretary of War. 

To statesmen and others who 
followed the trend of political 
events, there were several well-de- 
fined reasons for Franklin Pierce's 
appointment of Jefferson Davis to 
the position of Secretary of War. 
That the latter would Ihave pre- 
ferred to remain in private life he 
thus attests in his '^Rise and Fall 
of the Confederate Government:" 

*' Although warmly attached to 
Mr. Pierce personally, and enter- 
taining the highest estimate of his 
character and political principles, 
private and personal reasons led 
me to decr'ne the office. This was 


R«gitt«r of th« Kentucky Sute Hlitoriesl Sodaty. 

followed by an invitation to attend 
the ceremony of his inaugufation, 
which took place on the 4th of 
March, 1853. While in Washing- 
ton, on this visit, I was induced by 
public considerations to reconsider 
my determination and accept the 
office of Secretary of War/' 

As he affirmed later, he had fol- 
lowed the flag of the United States 
** under tropical suns and over 
Northern snows." His experiences 
both as soldier and statesman had 
made him conversant witti the re- 
quirements of the War Depart- 
ment, and from the beginning of 
his service in the upper house of 
Congress until Ihis resignation, in 
1861, he had maintained the im- 
portance of transportation by rail 
through our then newly-^acquired 
Western territory, giving speedy 
communication with the Pacific 
coast. He had concurred, also, in 
the extension of the Capitol, by the 
erection of a new Senate Chamber 
and Hall of Representatives. These 
improvements, together with the 
enlargement of public buildings 
and the construction of an aqueduct 
system for the rapidly-growing 
city of Washington, were appro- 
priated for, and were shortly be- 
gun. As Secretary of War, Mr. 
Davis would be charged with tihe 
direction and control of these 
public works and the wise disburse- 
ment of public funds; and, believ- 
ing that he saw in the position of- 
fered him wide opportunities to 
render useful service, and add new 
honors to his career, he acceded 
to Mr. Pierce's solicitiation and 
became a member of the distin- 
guislhed circle of presidential coun- 

cilors destined to be known in his- 
tory as **the Constitutional Cabi- 
net, ' ' as Disraeli said^ a Cabinet of 
all the talents, because it included 
such eminent statesmen as Marcy, 
of New York, Cushing of Massa- 
chusetts, and James Guthrie of 

Secbetaby Davis and thb Sculptob 


Among the participants in the 
competition to furnish . a suitable 
model for the colossal statue orig- 
inally designated * ' America, ' ' 
but from its inception known as 
*' Freedom, '^ intended to surmount 
the dome of the enlarged Capitol, 
Tlhomas Crawford was the success- 
ful contestant. This talented young 
American had arrived in Washing- 
ton to complete the arrangements 
for the statue and other designs 
for the adornment of the Capitol, 
to be executed at hii^ studio in 
Rome. Having been taken sud- 
denly ill at the National Hotel, my 
fatiher — one of his initimate friends 
— offered to visit Secretary Davis 
to learn whether he had yet made 
his selection from the drawings of 
the statue submitted to him. He 
invited me to accompany him. 
When we entered the library, a 
man of heroic proportions, wear- 
ing the uniform of tihe United 
States Army, was standing beside 
the Secretary, who presented us to 
General Harney, the noted Indian 
fighter. Greeting him, I said : 

**I would not like to be an Indian 
in your locality.'' 

He inquired, **Why!" 

** Because,'' said I, **I should be 



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D. C. Crawfoni wrote: "The lUilue reDr 
•bield of our counlry, the (tluniDh of whii 
.e hand wfalcfa jrrfups the ihield ; 

■how the fiehi ii 

, right hnud she 

for the ptesent. bul ready for lues 

t1 of Thoma* Ctuwfoi 

duired. Tbealan 
obe reprcseuts her 
y JeSenon Davis, 

Rfgltter of the Kentucky 8tat« Historical Sooioty. 


afraid of you ; besides, in Otsego — 
my home — Fenimore Cooper has 
taught ,us to love the Indian. ' * 

Turning to Secretary Davis, the 
gallant General said, ^'I ftiave 
never received a compliment that 
pleased me more.*' He then took 
his departure and my father men- 
tioned to the Secretary the object 
of his call. Thereupon, Mr. Davis 
took from his desk several draw- 
ings, and laid them on the table. 
Pointing to one, he said: **This 
figure— tihe more I study its details 
— ^impresses me by its dignity, 
grace and beauty of expression. ' ' 
Then, referring to the voluminous 
correspondence which he, Mr. 
Crawford and other persons bad 
conducted in regard to the matter, 
he informed us that, to replace the 
'* Phrygian '* or ** liberty'' cap in 
Mr. Crawford's designs, he had 
taken the liberty to suggest a band 
of eagle's feathers. **This modi- 
fication," he said, * Vould give the 
statue a national character, which 
at present it lacks." ** However," 
he concluded, '*I leave all to Mr. 
Crawford 's superior judgment. He 
is a master in art. ' ' 

In a letter dated January 15, 
1856, to Capt. Montgomery C. 
Meigs, U. S. Engineer Corps, in 
charge of the Capitol extension, 
Mr. Davis placed on record his 
ideas not only as to iiie cap but the 
fasces land other features of Mr. 
Crawford's designs. So clearly 
and gracefully did he express 
therein his reasons for wishing 
certain changes in detail that the 
letter ranks among the classics of 
ofl5cial correspondence. Under 

date of March 18, 1856, Mr. Craw- 
ford wrote: 

**I read with much pleasure the 
letter of tlhe honorable Secretary, 
and his remarks have induced me 
to dispense with the *cap' and put 
in its place a helmet, ttie crest of 
which is composed of an eagle's 
head and a bold arrangement of 
feathers, suggested by the costume 
of our Lidian tribes." 

Secretary Davis presented to my 
father a copy of the original design 
wihich, when amended in accord- 
ance with his suggestions, was cast 
in plaster by Mr. Crawford, and 
for many years has occupied the 
center of the fountain in the U. S. 
National Museum. On taking leave 
of Secretary Davis, I expressed to 
him my personal gratitude that he 
had selected for tlhe dome of the 
Capitol an Indian princess, in- 
stead of a pagan goddess. 

The next morning, entering the 
breakfast-room of the hotel. Asso- 
ciate Justice Samuel Nelson of the 
United States Supreme Court, and 
a citizen of Otsego county. New 
York, invited me to sit at his table, 
saying, '* There is plenty of shad 
for both, Elizabeth." He inquired 
how I was passing my time, and 
was deeply interested in my ac- 
count of my visit to Secretary 
Davis, the evening before. He 
fully caught the spirit of my en- 
thusiasm for and loyalty to the 
Indian, a feeling that seems inbred 
in all true Otsegoans. While we 
waited for our breakfast, Senator 
Sumner entered to pay his respects 
to a lady from his State. Justice 
Nelson invited him to be seated 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

with us, and asked him whether he 
had ** heard that the design for the 
statne to crowk the dome of the 
Capitol h<ad been selected/^ 
**Ye8,'' replied Senator Sumner, 
''I have just come from Mr. Craw- 
ford. I tihink the selection most 
appropriate. As an old and very- 
intimate friend of the sculptor, you 
can readily imagine how all this 
pleases me. I visited his studio in 
Rome, <and it came to my knowl- 
edge what poverty and self-denial 
he had to contend with, and with 
what manliness he bore tihe strug- 
gle. Now his trials are over I * * 

Senator Sumner did not refer to 
the fact that to himself was due 
the honor that Mr. Crawford's 
trials were over. It was he who 
had raised, by supscription, the 
money to purchase for the- Boston 
Athenaeum tihe group, *' Orpheus 
and Cerberus, '* executed by Craw- 
ford in 1839, and thus placed the 
young sculptor beyond financial 
diflSculties. Senator Sumner con- 
tinued: **The idea of nationaliz- 
ing the statue by the eagle's feath- 
ers would never have occurred to 
me, and the union of the classic 
quiver and the helmet are worthy 
of Secretary Davis' scholarly at- 
tainments. No one ever yet has 
found his judgment and taste at 
fault. Yes, the eagle in lieu of the 
* Phrygian Cap' is very clever. I 
had never thought of it before." 

Subsequent events made pecu- 
liarly interesting this appreciation 
of one history-making character 
by another. 

Two hours later, I went to drive 
wilih Mrs. William M. Gwin, wife 
of the first *Mong term" Senator 

from California. Greeting me with 
the charm of manner which had 
given her the rank second only to 
that of Mrs. John J. Crittenden 
among the social leaders of that 
period, Mrs. Gwin said: **Give an 

account of yourself. Miss S ! 

I Ihave been searching for you all 
over the house." Accompanied by 
two young ladies from California, 
we set out, our objective point 
being the Senate, in all the pro- 
ceedings of which Mrs. Gwin was 
keenly interested. During our cir- 
cuitous drive to Capitol Hill, I told 
her of my visit to the Davis man- 
sion, the evening before, and re- 
peated the conversation, that morn- 
ing, between Senator Sumner and 
Justice Nelson. She said: **I am 
glad that Secretary Davis ihas so 
high an appreciation of the sculp- 
tor of whom all Americans are 
proud; and you, dear, are fortu- 
nate in being able to meet and hear 
the opinions of our country's great 

Shortly after the death of the 
genial and talented Thomas Craw- 
ford, the plaster model of *' Free- 
dom" was shipped to tihe United 
States and, eventually, was cast in 
bronze by Clark Mills, who built 
especially for this purpose a 
foundry at Bladensburg, Md. In 
the autumn of 1863 I was again in 
Washington, and my thoughts re- 
verted to the conversations here 
narrated. For several months, the 
statue, in five sections, lay on the 
ground in tihe park surrounding the 
Capitol, while arrangements for its 
erection were in progress. Despite 
the civil conflict then raging, impos- 
ing ceremonies had been planned 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


for December 2, 1863, the date 
chosen for the formal ** inaugura- 
tion*' of the statue. In anticipa- 
tion of this event, four of the five 
sections were hoisted to the posi- 
tion selected seven years earlier. 
Twenty minutes after it left the 
ground, the fifth section, crown- 
ed with the helmet and eagle's 
feathers, was swung into position 
at the altitude of almost 350 feet 
above sea level. As the majestic 
figure settled to its place on the 
dome, there to remain while the 
Republic endures, a flag in the 
hands of an intrepid sailor was un- 
furled over one of the colossal 
bronze shoulders. This feature 
had been arranged by the War De- 
partment as the signal for a 
national salute of thirty-five guns, 
from a field battery on Capitol Hill, 
*'in commemoration of the event 
and as an expression due from the 
Department of respect for this ma- 
terial symbol on which our Govern- 
ment is based.'' This salute was 
answered by the booming of cannon 
from twelve of the chain of almost 
seventy forts which then surround- 
ed the city, and the edhoes of thous- 
ands of voices— tamong them those 
of the inmates of the Capitol prison 
—all singing *'The Star-Spangled 
Banner." From all the encircling 
forts the national colors simulta- 
neously waved in salute. 

How sad it was that the gifted 
sculptor who, in this work, had 
given to the Nation his conception 
of ** Armed Liberty" was not pres- 
ent, unless in spirit! And the dis- 
tinguished cabinet oflScer, to whom 
we were indebted for the signifi- 
cance of the symbol of * ' Freedom ' ' 

also was absent— the President of 
a rival government. 

'* America!" '^Freedom!"— 
names synonymous in the mind of 
the sculptor! Not alone to pre- 
serve the harmony of architectural 
design does the great bronze figure 
face the East. In her right hand 
the drawn sword, in her left the 
laurel wreath of victory. For 
forty-nine years, *' Freedom," her 
face reflecting the glory of the 
dawn, has welcomed the less fortu- 
nate natives of other lands, in 
search of personal liberty. Once 
different interpretations of the 
Constitution led to civil conflict, the 
most fearful in history — because 
the opposing forces were Ameri- 
cans. Once more, that specter of 
democracies — ^the centralization of 
power — ^menaces the welfare of the 
Nation. God forbid that ''Free- 
dom," raised amidst the clasih of 
arms to the most magnificent pedes- 
tal in the world, should ever be de- 

The ''Cabin John Bbidgb" 

The name of Jefferson Davis, 
not by its presence but by its ab- 
sence, is inseparably connected 
with "Cabin John Bridge." Soon 
after Mr. Davis became Secretary 
of War, he issued an oflicial order 
for the construction of a conduit 
bridge, to span the ravine known 
as ' ' Cabin John ' ' and the creek that 
flowed through it into the Potomac. 
This bridge was to be a part of the 
Washington aqueduct system 
wihich had been inaugurated a year 
earlier, under the direction of Cap- 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetorical Society. 

tain Montgomery C. Meigs, but not 
until 1861 did the building of the 
bridge actually begin. In 1861, 
Capt. Meigs was detailed to duty at 
Fort Jefferson, Florida, and the 
following year, the War Depari;- 
ment being over burdened with the 
work incident to the Civil War, the 
construction of the bridge was 
transferred to the Department of 
the Interior. Soon afterward, the 
Hon. Caleb B. Smith, Secretary of 
the Interior, accompanied by a par- 
ty of men prominent in public af- 
fairs—among them Representative 
Galusha A. Grow, of Pennsylvania, 
visited the structure, under the 
guidance of Mr. William E. Hut- 
ton, then chief engineer of the 
bridge. Representative Grow, 
reading gn the principal tablet the 
name of Jefferson Davis, protested 
strongly against it, and told the 
Secretary of the Interior that it 
must come off. Secretary Smitih 
directed Mr. Hutton to see that the 
name was removed, an order which 
the chief engineer did not obey, as 
de did not believe that it was given 
seriously. A few days later Secre- 
tary Smith, learning that the name 
had not been erased, called into his 
presence Robert Mclntyre, con- 
tractor, and gave him peremptory 
orders to erase it. Tfliis was done, 
Mclntyre himself assisting in the 
obliteration in June, 1862. 

In 1867, the mighty stone arch 
was removed from civil control, 
and restored to the War Depart- 
ment, under which it remains. For 
fully thirty-tive years, the praise 
or blame, according to the point of 
view, of the erasure from the 
bridge of tihe name of Jefferson 

Davis was attributed to numerous 
persons, all of whom were wholly 
innocent. Among them were Pres- 
ident Lincoln and Secretary Simon 
Cameron. The first-named did not 
even know that the act had been in 
contemplation, and, when he learn- 
ed that it had been consummated, 
vigorously expressed his disap- 
proval. The oflScial who always 
bore the lion's share of the blame 
was Capt. (later General) M. C. 
Meigs. As to the erasure of the 
name of Jefferson Davis, Capt. 
Meigs subsequently expressed re- 
gret, stating that Mr. Davis' of- 
ficial position as chief of the * * Con- 
federacy'' did not alter the histor- 
ical fact that he was Secretary 
of War when pursuant to an 
act of Congress he gave the 
order for the construction of 
the famous Aqueduct. Not un- 
til years ago did Mr. Hutton, 
who had become one of New Yor!c*s 
leading architects, reveal the true 
story as to the vacant space on the 
principal tablet on what was then 
the longest single-arch stone bridge 
in the world. Then, in a letter 
which he intended should be given 
to the public, he gave the facts as 
here narrated. 

Time has wrought changes. T3ie 
once powerful Pennsylvania states- 
man, Galusha A. Grow, who was in- 
strumental in the erasure, died a 
few years ago, alone and poor, with 
» cloud upon his fame. Even tihe 
mighty stone arch has been 
eclipsed, its span of 220 feet being 
now exceeded by two others — one 
in the grand duchy of Luxem- 
bourg, the other at Plauen, Saxony. 
Slowly the tide of popular opinion 

R9fii«tef off th« Ktntiicky aut* Historical SocKty. 


has swung toward the preservation 
of tihe integrity of history, and, in 
the closing months of his Admin- 
istration, President Roosevelt gave 
an order requiring the restoration 
of the name of Jefferson Davis to 
the tablet from which it had been 
long absent. The order was exe- 
cuted in May, 1909, the stone cutter 
being J. B. Home, an ex-Mississip- 
pian, later a citizen of Virginia, 

A Visit to Jbffbbson Davis. 

Years after our civil strife had 
passed into history, wittti my hus- 
band and children I started for 
California. At Salt Lake City, a 
terrific storm compelled us to re- 
trace our steps to Chicago. Thence 
we journeyed to Cairo, were we 
witnessed a scene that would have 
done credit to the creative genius 
of B'amum, the wizard of traveling 
shows. An accident occurred to 
our train, which was freighted 
with flour. The barrels were blown 
to pieces, and the passengers were 
compelled to walk into town, look- 
ing like a procession of statues. 

After seven comfortless days in 
Cairo, the hearts of all the storm- 
bound were made glad by the ar- 
rival of the ** Republic,'* the boat 
that had carried the future Edward 
VII down the Mississippi, when Jie 
was a guest of tihe Nation. 

As we stepped on board, Cairo 
appeared but a speck. Those 
mighty works of creation, the two 
rivers, seemed to move side by side, 
each bearing its distinctive com- 
plexion until they met in a brother- 
ly embrace — ^the watery pathway of 
world-wide commerce. 

We arrived at Memphis, our first 
stopping place. I enquired of the 
Captain what was of interest to be 
seen here. He was for a moment 
silent and, then, said: ** Jefferson 
Davis, President of the Confed- 
eracy, is living here, now.'* On 
my expressing a desire to visit him, 
the Captain sent a servarit to take 
me to his house where, asking for 
Mr. Davis, the butler requested my 
card. I said: '*He will not recog- 
nize me. Say that a lady from New 
York wishes to see him.'' The li- 
brary door opened and Mr. Davis 
advanced. NotwitSistanding his 
change of appearance brought 
about by time, there still remained 
the old-time dignity and repose. 
At first, he failed to recognize me, 
but soon recalled **Miss S 


My husband, wljo had remained 
with the children, now rejoined me, 
and I introduced him to Mr. Davis, 
whom the had never met. His salu- 
tation was **How did you dare 
visit met" I congratulated myself 
on the happy accident which had 
brought us to Memphis and afford- 
'ed us an opportunity of meeting 
one who had occupied such an alti- 
tude among giants in the days of 
my girlhood — ^in tihose days of 
blessed peace ; and it is difficult now 
to dwell, except in memory, on sub- 
jects and events of those historic 

In the presence of the Ex-Presi- 
dent of the Confederacy, one could 
not help feeling the influence of a 
truly great man. Of course, the 
topics discussed were those nearest 
to his heart, and bore tihe impress 
of his own convictions. An open 
book lay upon a hassock when I 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

entered. Taking it up, I found 
**Schlegel on Dramatic Arf This 
caused me to remind him of his 
conversation with the German of- 
ficer at my first dinner in Washing- 
ton. He said, ''Turn to the fly- 
leaf; it bears manv memories.'* 
Tlhere I found the name of *^Mrs. 
Harrison Grey Otis," of Boston, 
whose generous magnanimity to all 
is well known. He said : * * She sent 
this with many other books, as well 
as other comforts, when I was a 
prisoner at Fortress Monroe.-' 

The reputation for loyalty to the 
Union of Mrs. Harrison Grey Otis 
— the woman of highe&t culture, the 
generous patron of art and of art- 
ists — ^was never called into ques- 
tion. She it was who did so much in 
raising funds for the completion of 
the great Washington monument; 
and well does she deserve the 
recognition subsequently proposed, 
by the Eegents at Mt. Vernon, for 
her exertions to preserve the 
Washington home. During the late 
war she spared neither time, 
strength, nor money to secure the 
comfort of the soldiers on the 
battle field and in the hospital. 

Mr. Davis spoke freely, but en- 
tirely without bitterness, of the 
failure of his hopes for the Con- 
federacy; said that **our situation 
was parallel to the contest with the 
motiher country;*' that *'we suffer- 
ed from grievances inflicted upon 
us by the North, for which, as set 
forth in the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, we were not at faulf 

Mr. S remarked, **Well, Mr. 

Davis, they did not bring you to 
trial 1 * * He replied : 

*'I was most solicitous that they 
should, but it would (have required 
the enactment of a new law to do 
so.*' Mr. Davis spoke lovingly of 
the members of his Cabinet, partic- 
ularly of Mr. Benjamin, his Secre- 
tary of State, whom I had known in 
my early life, and by whom I was 
honored with subsequent tokens of 
remembrance wihile he held the 
high position of Queen's Counsel 
in England. 

The time arrived for departure, 
and we were due on board the *^ Re- 
public;'' but those three short 
hours evoked the memories of 
years and have many times since 
found loud sounding echoes in my 

These reminiscences, so inade- 
quately told, bring to my recollec- 
tion the illustrious figure of the 
great American who, when I first 
saw him in the Nation's Capital, as 
a Cabinet oflicer, was, with full as- 
surances of triumph, rising into the 
very zenith of power and fame. 
Born in Kentucky, June 3, 1803, on 
the spot wihere stands the village 
* of Fairview, in the county of Todd ; 
^e was removed in infancy to 
Wilkinson County, Mississippi, 
whence he returned, in his teens, 
to Kentucky to be partly educated 
at Transylvania University until 
he should enter the United States 
Military Academy at West Point, 
in 1824. 

In this connection it should be 
stated that Mr. Davis was twice 
married. Witih reference to his first 
marriage, he made in ^'Belford's 
Magazine," January, 1890, the fol- 
lowing statement, viz: ** After a 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


snccessful campaign against the 
Indians, I resigned from the Army 
in 1835, being anxious to fulfill a 
long-existing engagement with a 
daughter of Col. Zachary Taylor, 
whom I married, not after a ro- 
mantic elopement, as has often 
been stated, but at the house of her 
aunt and in the presence of many 
of iher relatives, at a place near 
Louisville, Kentucky. Then I be- 
came a cotton planter in Warren 
County, Mississippi. It was my 
misfortune early in my married 
life to lose my wife, and for many 
years thereafter, I lived in quiet 
seclusion on the plantation in the 
swamps of Mississippi.'* 

Mr. Davis' second marriage was 
to Miss Varina Howell, a woman of 
rare accomplishments and of noble 
character, who -gave to the world 
two instructive volumes embracing 
a biography of her illustrious hus- 

Tftius were laid the foundations 
of that brilliant career which he 
led as a soldier, becoming a hero in 
the battle of Buena Vista; a mem- 
ber of Congress, winning laurels 
in debate; a Senator engaging in 
intellectual combats with Webster 
and Clay; a Cabinet officer, estab- 
lishing great reforms in the mili- 
tary service; then, as the Eepre- 
sentative of a brave and splendid 
people, whose armies were equal to 
tihe greatest soldiers of modem 
centuries; and, finally, retiring 
from the marvelous dranm of War 
and Statesmanship, to complete 
his four score years amid the tri- 
butes of affection and veneration 
that crowned the close of his great 
life. It was then that Charles A. 
Dana, a famous writer and thinker, 
contemplating the end of his grand 
career, exclaimed: **A majestic 
soul has passed away.*' 


'■The Hero of Fort Stephenson." 


. ^ . ' M ■:. I :r )■ 








The Hero of Fort Stephenson. 

By A. C. Quisenberry. 


The defense of Fort Stephenson, 
Ohio, was one of the most brilliant 
of the few American victories in 
the War of 1812. One historian 
has characterized it as **one of the 
most brilliant and remarkable de- 
fenses in the history of all wars.'' 
This remarkable victory was won 
by Colonel George Crogban (pro- 
noimced **Crawn''), who was a 
Major at ihe time; who there re- 
flected undying glory upon the 
State that gave him birth, Ken- 
tucky, as well as upon American 
arms. It is believed that no bio- 
graphical sketch of Colonel 
Croghan has ever been published — 
not even a brief one — and it is cer- 
tainly a fact that he Kas received 
only the most meager mention in 
the histories of Kentucky, of which 
some twelve or fifteen have been 
published. This article does not 
profess to be a biographical sketch, 
but is intended merely to bring 
once more to the attention of Ken- 
tuckians the matchless feat per- 
formed by a Kentucky country boy 
a century ago. 

George Croghan was bom in 
1792, just about the time that Ken- 
tucky was admitted to the Union 
as a State. His birthplace was at 
* 'Locust Grove,'* Ins father's 
country home on the Ohio river, a 

few miles above Louisville. He was 
the son of William Croghan and 
Lucy Clark, his wife, she being the 
sister of General George Rogers 
Clark, who ^as dubbed '*the Han- 
nibal of the West,*' by John Ran- 
dolph of Boanoke. William 
Crogban was an Irish Episcopalian 
who came to America when quite 
young, and settled in Virginia, He 
was the nephew of the celebrated 
Colonel George Croghan, who, in 
colonial times, was long in the em- 
ploy of the British as an Indian 
agent under Sir William Johnson, 
and who visited Kentucky in tihat 
capacity as early as 1765, or four 
years before Daniel Boone's first 
visit to the country. This Colonel 
George Croghan served the King 
in our Revolutionary War. Early 
in that war the nephew, William 
Croghan, entered the American 
army as a Captain in the 8th Vir- 
ginia Continentals, and served to 
the close of the war, during which 
he served in several regiments^ 
and attained the rank of Major. He 
was taken prisoner at Cliarleston, 
South Carolina, when that place 
surrendered to the British; and in 
1784 he married Lucy Clark and 
settled at ** Locust Grove, '* in Jef- 
ferson County, Kentucky. So the 
hero of Fort Stephenson inherited 


Register of the Kentucky State Hittorlcal Society. 

his military predilections and 
genius from **both sides of the 
house. ' ' 

George Croghan received his ed- 
ucation at a country school on 
Beargrass Creek, near his father's 
home; and was rarely fortunate in 
having as his preceptor no less 
famous an instructor than the cul- 
tured Kean O'Hara (father of the 
distinguished Theodore O'Hara), a 
teacher who ranks with the famous 
Dr. Arnold, of Rugby, Mark Hop- 
kins, of Williams College, and the 
late Jason W. Chenault, of Louis- 
ville. Among young Crogihan's 
fellow-pupils at this school was 
Zachary Taylor, the hero of Buena 
Vista. In November, 1811, volun- 
teers were raised in Louisville to 
march against the Indians in the 
campaign that resulted in the 
battle of Tippecanoe, and Greorge 
Croghan, then about nineteen years 
old, temporarily discontinued his 
studies and went on the campaign 
as a volunteer aid to Major George 
Rogers Clark Floyd, commanding 
the 4th United States Infantry. He 
received his baptism of fire in the 
victory at Tippecanoe, where he 
distinguished lumself for gallantry. 

Congress, in preparation for the 
^ar of 1812, had authorized tbe 
raising of several new regiments of 
troops for the regular army, and 
two of these— the 17th and 28th 
Regiments of Infantry, were re- 
cruited and oificered entirely in 
Kentucky. On March 12, 1812, 
George Croghan abandoned his 
studies in O'Hara's school on 
Beargrass, and accepted an ap- 

pointment as Captain in the 17tii 
Infantry, which was commanded 
by Colonel Samuel Wells, an old 
companion-in-arms of his uncle, 
George Rogers Clark. We have 
very little account of his military 
services from that time until his 
star rose with endurmg glory at 
Fort Stephenson on Aug. 1 and 2, 
1813; but they must have been 
meritorious, for the War Depart- 
ment records show that he was pro- 
moted from Captam to Major in 
the 17th Infantry on March 30, 
1813, about a year from the time he 
had entered the service, and while 
he was not yet twenty-one years 
old. Four companies of the 17th In- 
fantry took part in the diastrous 
battle of the River Raisin on Jan- 
uary 22, 1813, and Captain 
Croghan 's company was very prob- 
ablv one of the four. 

The defense of Fort Stephenson 
was made on August 1 and 2, 1813. 
The so-oalled fort was merely a 
small fortification of picketed split 
logs, surrounded by a moat, which 
at that time was merely a dry ditch. 
A town afterwards sprung up 
around the little fort, wihich was 
first called Lowi^r Sandusky, but 
the name was aifterwards changed 
to Fremont, which is now the 
county seat of Sandusky County, 
Ohio; and it is upon the Sandusky 
river, which runs into Lake Erie, 
not far away. In July, 1313, Fon 
Stephenson was garrisoned by 
parts of two companies of the 17th 
Infantry, under Major George 
Croghan, Captain James Hunter, 
Jjieuienants Benjamin Johnston 


Remitter of th^ Kentucky 9tate Hlttorical Society. 


and Cyrus A. Baylor, and Ensigns 
Joseph Duncan and Edmund 
Shipp, all (both officers and men) 
being Kentuckians. There was al- 
so a small detachment of the 24tb 
Infantry, commanded by Lieuten- 
ant Anderson (Tennessee), of the 
24th Infantry; and there were in- 
cidentally at the post, unattached, 
Lieutenant Jdhn Meek (Ohio) of 
the 7th Infantry, and half a dozen 
volunteer troops, belonging about 
half and half to the Pittsburg 
(Pennsylvania) Blues and the 
Petersburg (Virginia) Volunteers. 
AH told, Major Croghan's force 
amounted to just about one hun- 
dred and fifty men. 

A large force of British troops 
and Indians under General Proctor 
and Tecumseh had been besieging 
Fort Meigs, no great distance from 
Fort Stephenson; but tihe siege 
was a disgraceful failure, and on 
July 29th it waa raised by Proctor, 
whose next movements indicated 
that he would soon attack Fort 
Stephenson. An American council 
of war called by General William 
Henry Harrison concluded that 
Fort Stephenson was untenable 
against the heavy artillery that 
Pyoctor would bring to bear upon 
it; and General Harrison sent 
orders to Major Crogfaan to aban- 
don and burn the fort, and to marcb 
with his forces and rejoin the main 
anny at headquarters. When the 
orders reached Major Croghan, the 
little fort was already surrounded 
by hordes of Indians, who were 
skulking ia the adjoining forests; 
so, after counselling with his of- 
jfieers, he determined to hold the 
place at all hazaj*^, as he could 

not tflien withdraw with safety. So 
he immediately sent the following 
reply couched in stronger lan- 
guage tihan would otherwise have 
been proper because "Ee believed it 
would almost certainly fall into the 
hands of the enemy, to-wit: 

' * Sir : I have just received yours 
of yesterday, 10 o'clock, p. m., 
ordering me to destroy this place 
and make good my retreat, wihich 
was received too late to be carried 
into execution. We have deter- 
mined to maintain this place, and 
by heavens we can I ' * 

I'his was construed by General 
Harrison as insubordination of a 
grave character, and he wrote a 
tart reply to Major Croghan; but 
a meeting between the two was had 
where everything was explained 
and smoothed over; and Major 
Croglhan returned to the command 
of the fort. 

On July 31st the enemy were dis- 
covered approaching Fort Steph- 
enson in gunboats, on the San- 
dusky river ; and that same evening 
they appeared before the fort in 
great numbers. Two British of- 
ficers. Majors Chambers and Dick- 
son, advanced under a flag of truce, 
and asked for a parley. Ensign 
Shipp was sent to meet them, and 
a surrender of tIhe fort was de- 
manded on the groun4 that General 
Proctor depi^d to prevept the ex- 
termination of the garrison, which 
lie could not do if he should be 
under the necessity of reducing tihe 
place with the powerful force of 
artillery, British regulars and In- 
dians under his comm^ad. Shipp 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 

replied that there would be no snr- 
render, as the garrison had deter- 
mined to maintain the post, or bury 
themselves in its ruins. Major 
Dickson then said that their im- 
mense body of Indians could not be 
restrained from murdering the en- 
tire garrison in ease of success, of 
which there could be no doubt ; and 
remarked that it would be a great 
pity for so fine a young man as En- 
sign Shipp to fall into the hands of 
the savages, and . implored him : 
*'For God's sake, surrender, and 
prevent the dreadful massacre that 
will be caused by your resistance. ' * 
To this the gallant Shipp replied: 
**When the fort is taken there will 
be none to m*assacre,'* At this mo- 
ment he was seized by an Indian 
who attempted to take his sword, 
but the British officers interfered 
in his behalf, and he returned into 
the fort in safety. 

General Proctor, in command of 
the enemy, had five hundred Brit- 
ish regulars and eleven hundred 
Indians; and Tecumseh with two 
thousand other Indians was in the 
woods a few miles away ready to 
ambuscade and intercept any rein- 
forcements that might be sent to 
Croghan from Fort Meigs. Tlhe 
British and Indian forces actually 
engaged in the assault upon the 
fort amounted to sixteen hundred, 
and they had several pieces or ar- 
tillery. Major Croghan had one 
hundred and fifty men and a brass 
six-pounder. Although out-num- 
bered more than ten to one, (he was 
in no wise daunted. 

The enemy opened fire on Aug- 
ust 1st with the six-pounders on 
their gunboats and a brass howit- 

zer on shore, and they continued 
the fire thoughout the night with 
scarcely any intermission, and with 
hardly any effect. Croghan replied 
now and then with his lone six- 
pounder, occasionally changing its 
place, so as to create the impres- 
sion that he had several cannons. 

The movements of the British 
led Major Croghan to believe that 
they would attempt to storm the 
fort at its northwestern angle (as 
afterwards proved to be the case), 
and during the night he had Cap- 
tain Hunter place the six-pounder 
in a position where it would rake 
that angle and the portion of the 
moat or ditch leading to it. This 
was done in secrecy, and the em- 
brasure was masked. The gun was 
loaded with half a charge of pow- 
der and a double charge of slugs 
and grapeshot. 

On the morning of August 2nd, 
the British opened fire with their 
howitzer and three six-pounders 
that they had landed during the 
night and planted in advantageous 
positions. A desultory fire was 
kept up for some hours ; and at 4 
o'clock in the afternoon they con- 
centrated all their fire upon the 
northwestern angle of the fort, 
which confirmed Major Croghan 's 
belief that they would try to make 
a breach and storm the works at 
that point. He had strengthened 
that place with bags of flour and 
sand, which served their purpose 
so well that the defenses there were 
not materially injured by the fierce 
artillery fire that was poured upon 

Late in the afternoon, when the 
cannonading had completely cover- 

Register of the Kentucky State HIttorlcal Society. 


ed the fort with a dense cloud of 
smoke, a column of the enemy led 
by Colonel Short made the mam 
assault upon the northwestern 
angle of the fort, after two feints 
had been made upon the southern 
angle, and repulsed by the riflemen 
under Captain Hunter. Colonel 
Short ordered his men \,o leap into 
the ditch, cut down the pickets, and 
give the Americans no quarter. He 
set the example by jumping into 
the ditch and calling upon his men 
to follow him. In a moment it was 
crowded full of them. Croghan's 
masked six-pounder loaded with 
slugs and grape-sihot commanded 
this ditch, pointing straight up it; 
and in another moment it was un- 
masked, and opened fire upon the 
enemy at the distance of thirty 
feet. Its fire was so destructive 
that few who entered the ditch ever 
got out again alive and unwounded. 
Colonel Short himself, wllio only a 
moment before had ordered that no 
quarter be given, had fallen, mor- 
tally wounded, and he hoisted a 
white handkerchief on the end of 
his sword, and begged for quarter. 
A panic-stricken retreat of the 
enemy followed inmaediately. They 
were rallied, however, and another 
assault was led against the works 
by Colonel Warburton and Major 
Chambers, which was disastrously 
repulsed by the rifle fire of the 
Kentuckians ; and then the whole 
force of the enemy retreated pre- 
cipitately into the cover of the 
neighboring primeval forests. They 
left Colonel Short, a Lieutenant 
and twenty-five privates dead in 
the ditch, and lost twenty-six pris- 
oners, nearly all of whom were bad- 

ly wounded. Their total loss in 
killed and wounded during the en- 
tire contest exceeded Major 
Croghan's whole force. Major 
Croghan's loss was one killed and 
seven slightly wounded. 

The wounded British left in the 
ditch were in a very precarious sit- 
uation. Their own friends could 
not go to their relief, and the 
Americans dared not, for fear o;f 
being shot from ambush by skulk- 
ing Indians. Major Croghan, how- 
ever, managed to pass over to them 
buckets of water to assuage the 
fierce thirst that always torments 
wounded men, and a ditch was 
opened under the pickets through 
which many of them weie taken in- 
to the fort, and oared for. 

At 3 o'clock on the morning of 
August 4th the whole force of the 
British and Indians began a dis- 
orderly retreat, and retired to 
Proctor's hepaquarters, at Maiden, 
in Canada, About a month later 
Commodore Perry won his great 
victory on Lake Erie ; and early in 
October the Kentuckians under 
William Henry Harrison and Isaac 
Shelby destroyed Proctor's army 
and killed Tecumseh at the battle 
of the Thames, and put an end **for 
good and all" to the British power 
on our northwestern border. 

In his oflScial report on the de- 
fense of Fort Stephenson, General 
Harrison said: **It will not be 
among the least of General Proc- 
tor's mortifications, that he has 
been baffled by a youth who had 
just passed his twenty-first year. 
He is, however, a hero worthy of 
his gallant uncle. General George 
Eogers Clark." 


Rtgl«Ur of the Kentucky 8tatt Historical Society. 

The defense of Fort Stephenson 
was the first real victory won by the 
Americans on land in the war of 
1812, which ihad then been in pro- 
gress for more than a year. Com- 
ing, as it did, after a long train of 
black disasters to onr arms, it was 
a beacon light of hope to the whole 
country. The people of this gen- 
eration can hardly realize wlhat a 
hero it made of the young Ken- 
tucMan who commanded that gal- 
lant defense. The President of the 
United States immediately confer- 
red upon Major Croghan the 
brevet rank of Lieutenant-Colonel 
^^for his gallant conduct on that 
occasion/^ The ladies of Chili- 
cotihe, Ohio, presented him an ele- 
gant sword, with a S'Uitable ad- 
dress; and whenever he appeared 
honors and distinctions were show- 
ered upon him in great profusion. 
Throughout the whole length and 
breadth of the land Ihis name was 
upon everybody's lips as ''the hero 
p| Fort Stephenson.** 

It was not until about twenty- 
two years later (February 13, 
1835) that the Congress of the 
United States passed a resolu- 

'I That the President of the 
United States be requested to cause 
a gold medal to be struck, with suit- 
able emblems and devices, and pre- 
sented to Colonel Croghan in testi- 
mony of the high sense entertained 
by Congress of his gallantry and 
good conduct in defense of Fort 
IStephenson; and that he present a 
^wofd to each of the following of- 
ficeirs engaged in that affair; 

''Captain James Hunter, 17th 
Infantry ; 

' ' Lieutenant Benjamin John- 
ston, deceased, 17th Infantry; (to 
his eldest male representative). 

"Lieutenant Cyrus A. Baylor, 
17th Infantry. 

"Lieutenant John Meek, 7th In- 

"Ensign Joseph 'Duncan, de- 
ceased, 17th Infantry (to his eldest 
male representative). 

"Ensign Edmund Shipp, 17th 
Infantry. ' * 

Many years ago the good people 
of the city of Fremont, Ohio, erect- 
ed upon the very spot within their 
borders where Fort Stephenson 
once stood, a magnificent and tow- 
ering monument to the memory of 
Colonel George Croghan, who had 
hallowed that ground forever with 
a valor that shines like a morning 
star in the annals of deeds of high 

Colonel Croghan remained in the 
regular army not only during the 
remainder of the War of 1812, but 
during the remainder of his life. 
On February 21, 1814, he was made 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Second 
United States Bifie Begiment (reg- 
ulars), which was raised under the 
act of Congress of February 14th 
of the same year; and about half 
of this regiment was recruited in 
Kentucky. He was transferred to 
the 17th Infantry on May 17, 1815, 
after the close of the war, when the 
Bifie Begiments were disbanded. 
On December 21, 1825, he was made 
inspector General of thje army 
with the rank of Colonel, which 
position he continued to hold dur- 
ing the remainder of his life; and 

Reglttar off the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


he served in it with distinction dur- 
ing the Mexican War. He died 
January 8, 1849, the thirty-fourth 
anniversary of the battle of New 
Orleans, one of the most brilliant 
victories in the world's history 
but no more brilliant than his own 
at the defense of Fort Stephenson, 
except in the circumstance of num- 
bers alone. 

Early in life Colonel Croghan 
married Miss Serena Livingston, 
who bore him seven children, four 
of whom died in infancy. Of the 
three who survived, Mary Angelica 

Croghan married Rev. Christopher 
Wyatt; St. Q-eorge Croghan mar- 
ried Cornelia Ridgely, and Serena 
Livingston Croghan married Au- 
gustus F. Rogers. All of these left 
children, and Colonel George 
Croghan has today a number of 
living descendants to keep his mem- 
ory green. Kentucky should never 
cease to do his memory honor, for 
Ms valor has conferred upon her 
a glory which, **like a jewel on the 
stretched forefinger of all time, 
sparkles forever.'' 





TeU Me Your Name and PU TeU You What You Are. 

(By Ella Hntchason Ellwanger.) 


"O, my lord, The times and titles now are strangely changed." 

—King Henry VIIL 

What is your name? Is it 
Scotch, Irish or Dutch? Has it 
been tampered with, coining to you 
down the years? Tell me and 1*11 
tell you who you are. A good ety- 
mologist can trace for you the 
origin of your cognomen and, may- 
hap, devise a coat-of-arms for you. 
On the other hand, a good etymolo- 
gist could be the means of show- 
ing you that you have no right to 
the coat-of-arms whiolh you have 
modestly hung up in your study. 

Of all the **ologies*' known, 
philogy is the most fascinating 
study of that branch known as 
etymology, which traces the deriva- 
tion and combination of the words 
of a language from its root. 

Space will not allow one^s going 
very deeply into the scientific study 
of words here and their derivation. 
Neither will the scientific arrange- 
ment be exact. I will leave that 
for members of the Harleian So- 
ciety and for people who have the 
patience and the time to hunt up 
the names away at the top of the 
ancestral tree. 

Many people love to tell that the 
roots of their family trees are nour- 
ished by the blood of William the 
Conqueror and from celebrated 
Norsemen and from this or that 
clan in Scotland and from the 
French Hugenots. Some enlarge 
upon this, forgetting that the state- 
meats could easily be proven or 
disproven. It hasn't been such a 
long time that any of the race had 
more than one name to his or her 
credit and the first double ones 
were fastened upon our progeni- 
tors to distinguish ** who's who'' in 
the family. So ^f your father'© 
name happened to be (in the long 
ago) Allen Worth, and you, hisi son, 
were married and lived several 
miles from him in the dale, you 
would be most likely christened 
''Allen a Dale Worth." 

Sometimes the given name was 
a badge of the trade you followed, 
and sometimes it was given to you 
because your hair was black while 
that of your brother was fair. 

We make a mighty pother about 
our names when we -should remem- 


Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 

ber that now-a-days they have de- 
scended to us very mixed. 

But this little article is written 
more to quote the curious in our 
appellations, the length, and 
the inharmonious in their construc- 

Every community has its set of 
peculiar names faatened for Idfe 
upon innocent children; yea, even 
unto the third and fourth genera- 
tion. If any curious cognomens 
are existant in your neighboithood, 
Mr. Reader,' the writer would feel 
gratified if they would be forward- 
ed her^that one day, a longer and 
a more fascinating list may be 

A Bardstown family, whose sur- 
name is Hamilton, was responsible 
for research in curious nomencla- 
ture. These poor children's names 
sound as if they might be descend- 
ed from African blood. This, how- 
ever, is not true, but tihey are, as 
might well be imagined, of rather 
shiftless breed. Two daughters 
bear the heart-breaking names of 
**Hedl-in-th)B-Kitchen'' and *'South- 
em Soil.'* No, these are not nick- 
names — ^they were baptized such. 

^he boys fared no better. At 
the font they became the proud 
possessors of the following: 
** Roman Judge Hamilton,'* ** He- 
brew Fashion Hamilton," and 
** Greek-god Hamilton." Many will 
be disposed to think this a mere 
burlesque, as I did, but any of the 
older Bardstown families will con- 
firm this as true. 

**Mrs. Wiggs" was not the only 
mother who gave her offspring 
**gography" names. There are 
several families in Kentucky who 

carried geographical names long 
before the *'Wiggs" were ever 
thougiht of. 

Tlhere is a ''Miss California 
Iphegenia Colvin" and a "Miss 
Idaho Ellen Smith" living in the 
State of Kentucky. There is a 
"Miss Mississippi Alicia Duval" 
in Indiana. 

If you needed coal would you go 
to a firm who bore the name of 
"Robb and Steele!" Yet, I am 
told that such a coal firm— no pun 
intended — flourished many years 
ago in the city of Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky. Likewise would you |take 
your law case to a firm wihose 
shingle bore the words: "Ketchem 
& Cheatham?" Both firms, as I 
understand, had to dissolve. Their 
names were against them. 

"Robinson & Cbuso." 

In London tbere comes to us a 
few as curious, but not more start- 
ling than the two just mentioned. 
One sudh combination read : ' ' Spar- 
row and Nightingale." Another, 
"Shepard and Calvert." In Ox- 
ford, England, there was a sign 
which the firm hung out with much 
hilarity and mudh misgiving: It 
was: "Robinson & Cruso." 

A few years ago in the Kentucky 
Legislature a jingle was made of 
the curious names of >some of its 
members. Many will remember 

"A McElroy and a McElrath 
A Bigger and a Biggeratafl." 

A dentist in London, England, 
had to have his name changed. No 
wonder. Who would have the 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


nerve to have one's teeth filled by 
a "Mr. Kiljoy?" But, at "tihat, he 
had as good a chance as a barber 
with the name " Hackenbutcher ' ^ 
at the top of his striped pole. 

*'BtJSY Bee" and ''Second-hand'' 


Scarcely in line with the other 
curious names but just as funny 
are the titles that the children in a 
business community bestowed upon 
themselves. In a town not a hun- 
dred miiles away from Louisville 
I passed a group of children. I 
said, putting my hand on a little 
curly head, "Who are you!^* She 
looked up and pointing to another 
small tot, lisped: "We are the 
"Busy Bee children, and they,'' 
pointing to another group, are the 
little "Second-hand children." I 
looked up. Theie was a clothing 
sign and above dt was the name of 
"The Busy Bee." A second-hand 
clothing store next door explained 
the otiher set of babies. 

Miss LoNQ AND Miss Shobt. 

At a church gathering a few 
years ago the door opened and a 
late member appeared. She was a 
Miss Short. Talking to the group 
in the room was a Miss Long. 
Everybody present "bid" to intro- 
duce Miss Long to Miss Short. 
But that was not the queerest part 
of the names. Miss Long was 
short and Miss Short was very 

Misnomers are always funny. A 
few years ago while making a call 
the hostess went to the door and 

called: "0, Lillie— Lillie!" I near- 
ly fell over when a diminutive 
darkey as black as the ace of 
spades answered the call. 

"What is her surname?" I 

"It's really very funny," laugh- 
ed my hostess, but her name is 
Lillie White." 

The Longest Name. 

Kings and queens and princes and 
all other royalty at large are not 
the only personages that can in- 
dulge in many names. There is one 
dear old lady, who has long since 
passed to the Paradise iside of the 
river of death, who was christened : 
"Mary AUena Cecilia Josephine 
AUoisious Carroll." Another well 
known woman who answered to a 
name several feet long would die — 
or I should, if the surname were 
added. In full it is: "Margaret 
Sarina Jozerina Tocirilla, and she 
hails from Prince Edward Co., Va. 
But, iriy prize name, and beyond 
the paradventure of a doubt, a 
genuine one, also comes from 
Prince Edward County. The dear 
old lady being dead, we give it in 
full: "Henringham Hager^ Har- 
rington Carrington Oodrington 
Elizabeth Ware Watkins." Here is 
another one, of let's say, peculiar 
construction : * * Eulalia Viroca 
Viola Estella." 

A Candy Name. 

In New Orleans when a little 
girl buys groceries for her mother 
the storekeeper gives them "Lag- 
niapps," a kind of candy. So one 


Regltter of the Kentucky 8t«te Hietorlcal Society. 

mother named her little girl **Lag- 
niapps*' after the delicious dainty. 

A Classic Name. 

There is a professor in Kentucky 
who will never forgive his parents 
for naming him ** Cadmus Diony- 
sus Leander . ' ^ He says that 

he was engaged to be married six 
months before he dared tell his 
sweetheart his real name and only 
told her when he knew he would 
have to write it on the marriage 

Faith, Hope and Chamty. 

In the registers of marriage at 
Halifax parish church, England, 
dated December 1, 1878, is the 

name of a witness, Charity H . 

He — it was a lie — is the third child 
of his parents, two sisters. Faith 
and Hope, having preceded him 
into the world. His full baptismal 
name is **And Charity'* and in his 
own marriage certificate the name 
is so written. In everyday busi- 
ness affairs he is content to write 
himself *' Charity.** 

OuB Own ''Uncle Sam." 

To come down to National nick- 
names we will start with our own 
''Uncle Sam/* to one child, at 
least, not a myth. This originated, 
of course, from the two initials. 
One small child whose grandfather 
drew a pension always believed 
until she was ten years old that a 
grand, old man, who was all the 
soldiers uncle, came once in every 
three [months to give them their 

money. The disillusionment was 
almost as bitter as when she found 
there was not a really, truly Santa 

Our ** Brother Jonathan** arose 
out of the person of Jonathan 
Trumbull, the Governor of Connec- 
ticut, whom General Washington 
never failed to consult in cases of 
emergency. '*We will refer the 
matter to Brother Jona&an, * ' he 
was wont to exclaim, ' * John Bull * * 
occupies the same place to the Eng- 
lishman that ** Uncle Sam'* does to 
the American citizen. This name 
came from Dr. Arbuthnot*s satire 
of this title published in 1721, 
There was a real John Bull, well 
known as the composer of ''God 
Save the King, * * but we are told by 
Leopold Wagner that he died 
many, many years before Dr. Ar- 
buthnot*s performance was heard 

"Mrs. Geundy.** 

This well known and delectable 
lady who is feared and referred to 
constantly, arose out of a passage 
"What will Mrs. Grundy say,** 
from the lines from a drama by 
Thomas Morton. "Tommy At- 
kins*' was a fictitious name that 
figured in the soldiers* monthly 
statements of accounts. 

Historical. Nicknames. 

Many persons of historical fame 
are better known by their nick- 
names than by the ones they re- 
ceived at the font. For instance, 
Mrs. Lilly Lans:try is still known 
as the "Jersey Lily.** She resided 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


in Jersey and her name was Lily. 
**The Swedish Nightingale" was 
conferred upon Jenny Lind on ac- 
connt of her vocal genius. **The 
Fair Maid of Kenf in real life 
was Joan, the wife of the Black 
Prince. ''Fair Eosamond'' was the 
beloved ''affinity" of Henry 11. 
Then there was the "Maid of Or- 
leans," born in 1412 and burnt at 
the stake in 1431. 

The noted English outlaw is 
best known to readers of history 
as "Eobin Hood." Two of his 
band were called "Will Scarlet" 
and "Friar Tuck." The first 
named was William Scathlock and 
the second named was so called 
because he habitually tucked his 
(habit into the girdle at his waist. 

Of fashion there was the renown- 
ed "Beau Brummel" and "Beau 
Fielding" and "Beau Nash." 
And we must not forget to list 
^'The Grand Old Man" who ans- 
wered to the name of Gladstone in 
the House of Commons. 

Called "Tim" Fob Shobt. 

The most peculiar names w.ere 
found among the Puritans and 
their descendants. Of all the ex- 
cesses those of a religious dharac- 
ter are most intemperate in their 
course. Prominent words of Scrip- 
ture, short prayers and the like 
were used to a startling degree, 
such as "What-Timorous-Worms- 
We-Mortals-Be," was burdened 
upon one little soul too small to 
utter a protest. He was called 
"Tim" for short. But here is a 
list that you can cull from if you 
have run out of names for your 

family : Increase Muchmore Jones, 
Withlove Williamson, Eepentant 
Thompson, Fear Brewster, Faith, 
Hope and Charity Dunn, Loving 
Bell. From a register in St. James, 
Piccadilly, we have these: Nazar- 
eth Eudde, Obedience Clark, Unity 
Thompson, Comfort Starre, Hope- 
still Foster, Ltfve Brewster, Re- 
membrance Tibbbtt, Desire Minter, 
Original Lewis, Thanks Sheppard, 
all names being of emigrants from 
England in 17th century. 

The following entries are quoted 
by Mr. Lower from the regisrters 
at Warbleton: 

1617— Be-Sfteadfast Elyar^. 
1617 — Good-gift Gynnings. 
1622— Lament Willard. 
1624— Defend Outered. 
1625— Faint-Not Digfhurst. 
1625— Fere-Not Rhodes. 
1677— Replenish French. 

Of course in this age the names 
of "Prudence" and "Faith" and 
"Lamentation" and "Visitation" 
and * * Experience ' ' were many. So 
also were the "Thankfuls" and the 
"Lovewells"^ and the "Live- 
wells" and there was many a maid 
called "Silence." We are not try- 
ing to be facetious. 

"Adam" and "Eve." 

The names taken from the Bible 
were not alone tihose of Mary, John, 
Seth, Elizabeth, Ruth, St. James, 
Matthew, etc., for it was inevitable 
that "Adam" and "Eve" should 
have been remembered at the font. 
Then there were another set, main- 
ly culled from tihe Bible and relat- 
ing to it. We note these : 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Reformation, Free-Gift, Eartih, 
Dust, Delivery, More-Fruit, Tribu- 
lation, The Lord-Is-Near, More- 
Trial, Discipline, Joy-Again, From 
Above, Praise-God-Barebones. The 
brother of this last can boast a still 
more fearful name than the dear, 
old lady from Prince Edward Co., 
Virginia. It is in full : * ' If-Christ- 
Had - Not-Died-For-You-You-Had- 
BeeSQ-Dammed-Barebones. * ' The 
historian tells uis that this last 
named gentleman was called 
** Damned Barebones" for short. 
Tlhere was also another long name 
given one of this generation. It 
was : '' Fight-The-Good-Fight-Of - 

**Chbistmas" and even ''Yulb- 



Many names were derived from 
certain days. Thus we have 
*' Christmas '* and '*NoeP' and 
** Midwinter.'' There was also a 
young man named ** Yule-Tide," 
and doubtless be was thus named 
because he made his debut into this 
world on a bitter December day 
near the Christmas season. 


The days of the week were also 
remembered in the naming of 
children. Bobinson Crusoe was not 
the first to introduce his man 
** Friday." We also have among 
us: ** Monday's" and *' Tues- 
day's," and even ** Saturday's." 
We all know that tihe Williamson's 
and the Johnson's and the Thomp- 
son's and others of that ilk came 

from being called Smith's Son, 
William's Son, etc., etc., because it 
was common that children should 
often pass current in the com- 
munity in which they lived as the 
sons of John and Thomas and 

The adding of the *'l-y" and the 
*4-e," etc., was but the pet name 
of John and Will and Nell, etc. 
Pet, is of itself the diminutive of 
** petite," or little one. We are 
fond of adopting this diminutive 
with those we love. The Dutch are 
especialy loving towards their 
** kinder," and thus we find they 
must add something in the diminu- 
tive even wihen the child's name 
ends in **i-e." So, if it is **Min- 
nie ' ' they have a way of calling her 

* * Minni-lie. ' ' 

There are many queer names of 
streets and towns and cities, but 
tihat would be to double the length 
of this article. We quote only one 
that comes of queer origin. * * Wey- 
bossettv" That in itself is a very 
nice name for a street in Provi- 
dence, Ehode Island. But once 
that street was a village lane and 
the yokels drove their cows along 
its way. Thus from Whoa I 
Bossie!" the name originated. 

The most out-landish names 
were found among the older set of 
negroes. One will never be effaced 
from my memory. I heard one old 
wash woman call her small child 

* * Exy . ' ' I wondered where she ob- 
tained such a name. Finally I ask- 
ed her. She said: **Law, Miss, her 
name aint Exy. I just calls her 
that for short— her real proper 
name is Exema." 

Register of the Kentucky State Hietorlcal SocHty. 


A Witty Eetobt. 

Tthere is a very beautiful girl in 
Keirtucky named **Miss Golden 
Day." A Louisville gentleman was 
attending a german given in her 
home town and he was formally in- 
troduced to her. He thought that 
his friend was, to use a vulgar 
term, ** stringing*' him. So he 
bowed low and said: **I'm pleased 
to meet you Miss Golden Day— I'm 
** Darkest Nighf It took some 
dozen citizens to assure him that 
her name was a bona fide one. 

Tavebk Signs. 

A list of tavern signs will not 
come amiss at the end of this arti- 
cle. They are not only ludicrous but 
most incongruous. For instance, 
wenote: *'The Old Hat,'' *'The 
Green Man," **The Bed Lion," 
**The Boar's Head," *'The Bed 
Bose," *^The Boyal Oak," ''The 
Tabard Inn," **The Bam and the 
Teazle," **The Bell," **The Bar- 
ley Mow," *'The Blue Pig," ''The 
Pig and Whistle," ''The Cat and 

Fiddle," "The Bano Nails," "The 
Three Nuns" and "The Devil." 

The following list of names were 
taken from the jury in the county 
of Sussex at this early date : 
Accepted Trevor, of Norsham. 
Eedeemed Compton, of Battle. 
Faint-Not Hewett, of Heathfield. 
Make-Peace Heaton, of Hare. 
God-Beward Smart, of Fivehurst. 
Stand-Fast-On High-Stringer, of 

Earth Adams, of Waketon. 
Called Lower, of the same. 
Kill-Sin Pimple, of Witham. 
Beturn Spelman, of Watling. 
Be-Faithf ul Joiner, of Butling. 
Fly Debates Boberts, of the same. 
Fight - tihe - good - fight - of - faith- 
White, of Ehner. 
More-Fruit Fowler, of East Hadly. 
Hope-For-Bending, of the same. 
Graceful Herding, of Lewes. 
Weep-Not-Billing, of the same. 
Meek Brewer, of Oakeham. 

"What's in a name!" seems in- 
deed a pleasantry, but an exhaus- 
tive study of the origin of names 
and their derivatives is to know 





Then and Now. 

By J. C. M. 


When this Country did not ex- 
tend from the Lakes to llie Gulf, 
north and south, and from Ocean 
to Ocean, east and west; when the 
laws were not so many, or the busi- 
ness so complicated, there was in 
our State, as in many other souith- 
em States, a simple form of com- 
mercial exchange, and dealings 
that did not require receipts, 
checks and vouchers, in confusing 
numberis, to aulihenticate a busi- 
ness transaction. 

It did not require an expert to 
prepare a bank statement and there 
were very few bank failures. It 
did not require a scientific overseer 
to have the farms planted, nor a 
specialist to tell you what the 
harvest would be. The harvest 
was gathered into bams bursting 
witii plenty. The land yielded its 
abundance without much labor, 
there was plenty for all and pover- 
ty was almost unknown save in 
large cities. 

The activities of this, our world 
made for happiness, prosperity 
and general contentment. Our 
people were a home-loving, gener- 
ous christian people. Hospitality 
was the cardinal virtue every- 

where. There was no great wealth, 
but independence abounded. 
Churches, schools and colleges 
could be found in neighborhoods 
and towns, attesting that intelli- 
gence and refinement were the out^ 
growth of these primal educators. 

There were telegraphs, rail- 
roads, stage-coaches and carriages 
of imperial beauty and luxury. The 
idea was to preserve home and all 
the sacred relationships and senti- 
ments that go with the word home ; 
also to have a country of which 
its citizens should be proud, and 
loyal to. 

We had great men from and be- 
fore the founding of the govern- 
ment of the United States. Thej 
were the men that worked out the 
problem of a. democratic form of 
government; establisbed it, and 
won for it the world-wide reputa- 
tion, **the best government the 
world ever saw.^' It is today a 
world power. 


We live in an electrical age. We 
whirl thro ^ the air in air-ships, and 
over our road-ways in automobiles. 
We talk to each other over tele- 
phones, tho' (hundreds of miles 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 

apart. Wireless telegraphy sends 
US messages from the sea or the 
ocean in storm or calm. There 
seems to be nothing impossible to 
the god-like genius of man. NOW 
we have a country so large, the 
oceans bound it, and its colonies 
are the Isles of the Sea. The (Gov- 
ernment is one so vast, so intricate 
its responsibilities are so varied, 
and so weighty they stagger the 
strongest and confuse the !wisest 
minds. The policy of the year be- 
fore does not meet the exigencies 
of the following year, so that the 
laws seem in conflict and are 
powerless to control and protect 
the interest entrusted to them. 
Systems are adopted, men and 
women everywhere, like the 
Greeks of old, want something new. 
Land-marks are removed, and old 
lines that guarded and protected 
the rights of citizens are obliter- 
ated, and the brave voice of the 
people in protest is no more heard. 

In the march of events we find 
the *4ron hand with the velvet 
glove*' pointing the way of the pro- 
cession. We have spies and in- 
spectors in offices and homes. We 
have investigators and experts to 
inquire into every department of 
business or to make a business of 
misrepresenting the necessity for 
such espionage, and creating the 
difficulty they do not find. We have 
men and women teaching Science 
so-called everywhere. They claim 
to be teaching how to live, how to 
breathe, how to die and then dis- 
solve in air like a melon or an over- 
ripe apple. 

The men teach you how to get 

rich and by these same methods 
you get poor and they get rich. The 
women have come to the front, not 
as wives, mothers, daughters and 
sisters in their refined depart- 
ments, but in the bold, broad fields 
of the law-maker, the tradesman, 
the tourist and navigator. In any 
or all of these departments of the 
period Now of the world, tkej must 
be heard. They dream, many of 
them, that they are tihe incarnation 
of Shakespeare's incomparable her- 
oine, the lawyer Portia ; they be- 
come lawyers without her genius, 
her tact, her talent, or her trans- 
cendent beauty. They dash into 
the hitherto forbidden (to them) 
territory of knowledge. They are 
changed by the sadness and mys- 
tery they discover. That which 
has been concealed from them in 
very kindness, is revolting to their 
unfitted minds. They cannot con- 
tend for the pound of flesh with the 
Shylocks of the world. They are 
not all Jews, but **to Icnow'' is their 
new motto. In the fruitless search 
for happiness in this wisdom they 
fall by the way, weary, if success- 
ful, and sadder, if wiser, and re- 
gretting their natural birthright 
and domain. 

Then there are others who are 
rising in otiher new phases of this 
electrical, sensational age. Hiey 
must be preachers, and they preach 
gospels according to their own in- 
terpretation. They must be teach- 
ers and trainers. They must be 
heard on the platform, on the 
rostrum, in college and clubs. Last 
there are pioneer teachers in iflie 
new ways of marriage and rearing 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


humanity. Spinsters are found 
teaching mothers how to nurse the 
babes at their breasts. 

They have gone through all the 
information in the so-called re- 
quisites for wifehood and mother- 
hood in their fine colleges, namely: 
Biology, psychology and sociology, 
to say nothing of hygiene and the 
science of anatomy and dissection. 
The book-learning is in their heads, 
but the husband is not in the home, 
nor the baby in the cradle for them 
to practice all these new ideas 

The mother knows, if she loves 
the child, how to watch over it in- 
stinctively, tho' not scientifically 
always; the wife knows how to 
make home happy and comfortable 
for her husband, tho ' she has never 
been taught this scientifically. She 
knows how to have his food prepar- 
ed in the most tempting and pala- 
table style, and how to set her table 
according to her means, and her 
taste. She may not know how to 
give a lecture on the relation of 
beans and butter, the fluids and the 
solids, &c., and because of this 
ignorance, the up-to-date, college- 
bred, never-going-to-marry spin- 
ster, comes forward to enlighten 
wife and mother on biology first, 
then some other ology related to it, 
and the mother smiles at her. 

It is said they must teach 
mothers what to read, what to 
think, how to pray, and what to 
pray for. Hospitals must be built 
and run by women, while servants 
take charge of their homes, if they 
have them, and thus the old time 
historic home, of happy husband 
and children must be a thing of the 

past. Changes, out of the realm 
of possibilities in other days, are 
derangiiig and upturning life on 
every side. 

Disapproval is not listened to, 
men who should be masters in their 
own homes become often cowardly 
or indifferent, or seek a divorce, 
with scant reverence for God, love, 
woman or child. The dramatic, the 
sensational, the daring is the rage. 
The indecent phases of life are 
paraded in the newspapers. The 
public has been fed in this new age 
on the offensive variety of litera- 
ture until its bad odor and danger- 
ous influences are no longer no- 
ticed, until its poison affects some 
beloved object; then it is deplored, 
but not ignored and suppressed as 
it should be, and finally eliminated 
from christian society. That which 
is most unnatural, most contra- 
dictory to our laws and customs as 
an intelligent and christian people, 
is most attractive and ensnaring. 
Heroism ceases to be applauded, 
grandeur of character has few im- 
itators, but Liberalism, Socialism, 
Communism, all boldly come for- 
ward in our democratic govern- 
ment to be reckoned with, and they 
must be softly spoken to lest they 
be offended. Such is the Chinese- 
America. (This review has been 
sugcested from reading the news 
of the world ; historian, scientists- 
writers, pessimists, all contribute 
their views.) 

But lo ! in the midst of this phan- 
tasmagoria of new and impractical 
ideas that may flash and go out like 
meteors, we have the Conference 
for the dawn of the world's Peace. 
Perhaps this spirit comes with 


Regliter of fh« Kentucky State HIatorlcal Society. 

healing in its wings, wearing the 
rainbow crescent of hope on its 
brow. Its purity pervades an in- 
candescent a'tmosphere only as yet, 
but as it gently fills the world with 
its sweetness and glory, we Phall 
all know, it is said, its heavenly 

It is said to be the "far visioned 
act of practical idealism,"when the 
"Then and Now" sihall be trans- 
figured, and the world shall abolish 
war. Out of its chaos of old our 

country shall rise a land of liberty 
and peace, once more adorned to 
meet its King in all His glory. 

We cannot know the day or the 
hour, but it is coming, whea the 
earth shall be a new earlih like unto 
paradise; the wicked shall be de- 
stroyed and the righteous shall be 
rewarded with life eternal, in a 
world where there is no more sea 
and no more night, for the River 
of Life is there, and tihe Lord of 
Glory is the light thereof. 

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Bt GEOBGE babeb. 


tit I 

Jurist, Orator and Statesman. 

By George Baber. 

A review of the life of Joseph 
Rogers Underwood recalls one of 
the finest characters in Kentucky 
history. It was the life of a man 
who, for more than half a century, 
main'tained a distinguished posi- 
tion in the State as a jurist, as a 
legislator and as an orator. He be- 
longed to that coterie of remark- 
able men who, rising from obscur- 
ity in The Green River Section, 
gave to that portion of the Com- 
monwealth a renown peculiar to it- 
self as the nursery of great lawyers 
and brilliant public speakers, be- 
tween 1820 and 1870. When, there- 
fore, we think of Joseph B. Under- 
wood, we tfaink also of John J. 
Crittenden, James T. Morehead, 
John Rowan, Charles A. Wickliffe, 
Elijah Hise, Beverly L. Clarke, 
Asher Graham, Pressley Ewing, 
George C. Rogers, Warner L. Un- 
derwood and William L. Dulaney; 
and, at once, a throng of glowing 
memories crowd upon us from the 
counties of Logan, Warren, Nel- 
son, Barren and Simpson, the his- 
tory of which respectively was il- 
luminated by the fame of tiheir il- 
lustrious sons. 

Bom in Goochland County, Va., 
October 24, 1791, young Underwood 

moved with his uncle, Edmond 
Rogers, to Barren County, Ken- 
tucky, in 1803. He had a younger 
brother, Warner, who remained in 
Goochland to attend the school for 
boys taught there by Mr. Thomas 
Anderson Baber, but wiho followed 
to Kentucky in good time, located 
at Bowling Green, and became a 
prominent lawyer and successful 
politician, twice representing thQ 
Bowling Green district in the lower 
House of Congress, and being ap- 
pointed Consul General to Glas- 
gow, Scotland, under the Fillmore 
administration. Joseph was edu- 
cated mainly at a school in the vi- 
cinity of Glasgow, in Barren 
county, and, thence was sent to 
Washington College at Lexington, 
Va., where he was prepared for the 
legal profession and entered the 
law office of Robert Wickliffe *'01d 
Bob, ' ' as he was usually called. Tlhe 
war of 1812 was in progress, and in 
March, 1813, young Underwood, 
then twenty-two years old, laying 
down his books, was the first volun- 
teer to step forward to make up the 
company then being raised by 
Capt. John C. Morrison, of Fayette 
Counlty, to complete the forming 
regiment that was organized and 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

commanded by Col. William Dud- 
ley. Underwood was chosen as 
First Lieutenant of the company, 
whidh, under the lead of Dudley, 
participated in the bloody battle on 
the Maumee River opposite Fort 
Meigs, which became famous as 
''Dudley's Defeat, '^ a defeat that 
was due to the overwhelming force . 
of the enemy. Underwood was 
wounded in the battle and the he- 
roic captain of his company, John 
C. Morrison, was killed, wihereupon 
Underwood was promptly promot- 
ed to the Captaincy, by reason of 
his own gallant action m the fatal 
engagement. Immediately upon 
his promotion. Captain Underwood 
directed a riskful and courageous 
movement of his men whereby he 
was enabled to cover the retreat of 
his comrades from the disastrous 
assault of the enemy. He was him- ' 
self captured by the Indians and 
forced to run the Indian gauntlet. 
Tbe most perilous experience to 
which he could be subjected with- 
out loss of life. Thus, it appears, 
began the public career of Joseph 
R. Underwood, a volunteer soldier 
in a Kentucky regiment, incurring 
a wound in one of the most hotly 
contested battles in 'the Northwest 
campaign under General Harrison, 
and receiving a merited distinction, 
March 5, 1813, in recognition of his 
gallant conduct on tihe field. 

Eetuming from the war, young 
Underwood resumed his residence 
in Barren County. In 1816, he was 
elected to the Legislature, in which 
body he served, by repeated elec- 
tions, until 1823. 

Removing to Bowling Green in 
1825, having begun the practice of 

law, he again entered the political 
arena, for which Ihe had a decided 
bent, and was chosen to represent 
Warren County in the Legislature. 
From this date onward his career 
was identified continuously with 
the history of Warren County, ris- 
ing thence in close succession to 
the various distinctions which Ihe 
attained. In 1825, he was the Clay 
candidate for Lieutenant Governor 
of the State on the ticket with Met- 
calf, who was elected Governor; 
but Underwood was defeated by 
John Breathitt, who got a meagre 
majority. Underwood's defeat be- 
ing due to his position on tIhe no- 
torious ^' Scalp Law'' whilst a 
member of the Legislature, the en- 
actment of which he had antagon- 

Mr. Underwood, after settling at 
Bowling Green, soon developed in- 
to not only an able lawyer with a 
constantly increasing practice, but 
a popular orator whose eloquent 
voice was potent throughout the 
Green River Secition. He was 
again elected to tihe Legislature. 
When the famous controversy be- 
tween the Old Court and New 
Court parties, in regard to the so- 
called '* Relief System," beginning 
in 1820, with John Rowan as one 
of the boldest of the New Court 
party leaders, advocating in behalf 
of debtors the replevin of Court 
judgments from three to twelve 
months, and supporting the legis- 
lative enactment of November 29, 
1820, crealting *^The Bank of the 
Commonwealth, ' ' without any 
other capital than the net proceeds 
of the sales, as they might occur of 
some vacant public lands, but with- 

Ftegtster of the Kentucky 8tate Historical Society. 


oui the backing of the State Gov- 
ernment, Mr. Underwood ranged 
himself with tihe opposition to this 
measnre, standing with George 
Eobertson, John Boyle, Eobert J. 
Breckinridge, John J. Crittenden, 
James R. Sidles, and others of 
similar importance, who supported 
the ruling of John Boyle in his 
great opinion delivered October 8, 
1823, in the case of Blair vs. Wil- 
liams, and who approved the sub- 
sequent rulings of fflie Old Court in 
the case of Lapsley vs. Brashear, in 
declaring that the Replevin Act in 
its retroactive features, and the 
State Bank Charter, were alike, un- 
constitutional and revolutionary. 
This controversy, lasting about 
four years, was the most aggravat- 
ed and inflammatory agitation that 
ever occurred in Kentucky. Under- 
wood was one of the most effective 
leaders of the Old Court party. He 
canvassed his portion of the State 
witih great vigor ; was a member of 
the legislature of 1826, when the 
agitation culminated, and was one 
of the signers of the famous ad- 
dress **To the Freemen of Ken- 
tucky,^' written by George Robert- 
son, of Lexington, and which was 
distributed far and wide among 
the people, bearing the signatures 
of all the members of the legisla- 
ture of 1826, who supported TBie 
Old Court, and which furnished, 
also, the ground on which was ulti- 
mately won, in 1828, the victory of 
the Old Court party, over-throwing 
the revolutionary movement of 
which JoOm Rowan, Ffancis P. 
Blair, Wm. T. Barry and Robert B. 
McAfee had been zealous and un- 
compromising exponents. With 

the re-establishment of the Old 
Court, peace returned to Kentucky 
and the credit of the State was 
again put on a secure footing. 

In 1828, Judge Underwood was 
appointed by Governor Metcalf a 
judge of the Court of Appeals 
simultaneously with Hon. George 
Robertson. His judicial career 
was distinguished from the start. 
He and Robertson were in every 
way closely associated. They 
usually followed the i^ame lines of 
thought, and united in their de- 
liverances from the bench. He 
served with distinctive honor to 
the State on that Court until 1835, 
wihen, preferring the political 
arena to the bench, he resigned ; re- 
turned to his law office at Bowling 
Green, and in 1836 became a candi- 
date for Congress, to which body 
he was elected as a Whig by a large 
majority, serving continuously un- 
til 1843. In 1844, he was an elector 
for the State at large in support of 
the presidential nomination of Mr. 
Clay. His career on the stump was 
brilliant, attracting great audiences 
wherever he went and swelling the 
current of popular enthusiasm for 
' ' Harry of the West. ' ' Thomas F. 
Marshall, Judge Underwood, and 
General Leslie Combs, both of the 
latter having heroically served in 
the war of 1812, were among the 
brag Whig orators of that cam- 
paign, as they had been in the mem- 
orable political battle for '* Tippe- 
canoe and Tyler too, ' * in 1840. Mr. 
Clay carried the State over Mr. 
Polk, as he had always carried it, 
by a large majority; and, then. 
Governor Owsley, John J. Critten- 
den, and others united their in- 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

fluence in making Mr. Underwood, 
who had presided as Speaker of 
the House at Frankfort, in 1845, 
United States Senator in 1846. He 
took his seat in the Senate, March 
4, 1847, and but for the change in 
political conditions consequent up- 
on the death of Mr. Clay, the defeat 
of Gen, Scott for the presidency in 
1852, and the dismemberment of 
the Whig party, culminating in the 
election of Franklin Pierce to the 
Presidency, he would have been 
easily elected to another senatorial 
term by the Kentucky Legislature. 
As a Senator, Jud^re Underwood 
was classed among the scholarly, 
studious and thoroughly mformed 
members of the Senate. He was 
ever on duty. His speeches were 
carefully prepared, dignified in ex- 
pression, and always delivered in 
ati engaging and impressive man- 
ner. It may be said that he was 
overshadowed by Mr. Clay, whose 
magnetic presence was withQut a 
parallel; but Senator Underwood's 
admiration for the Sage of 
Ashland was fully reciprocated and 
ever appreciated with marks of af- 
fectionate confidence. He gave de- 
voted attention to the great Ken- 
tuckian in fliis final illness which 
terminated in July, 1852, at Wash- 
ington, and was the Chairman of 
the Senatorial Committee desig- 
nated by the President of the. Sen- 
ate, to escort to Kentucky the body 
of Mr. Clay for its last repose. 
Describing the imposing spectacle 
that was presented at Lexington 
upon the arrival of Mr. Clay's re- 
mains in that city, Mr. D. C. Wick- 
lifFe, editor of the Lexington Ob- 
server, said: **The pageant was 

probably never surpassed on any 
similar occasion in the United 
States, and the testimonial of re- 
fipect and affection, furnished by 
every outward indication, was such 
as no man save Henry Clay cotdd 
have commanded." It was in the 
presence of this mighty display of 
popular affection that Senator Un- 
derwood delivered an address that 
was notably eloquent, awakening a 
sense of profound sorrow in the 
hearts of the largest assembly that 
any orator had ever addressed in 
Kentucky. To Senator Underwood, 
Judge George Robertson befitting- 
ly responded in behalf of the people 
and the vast concourse then pro- 
ceeded to the burial spot in the 
Lexington cemetery. 

Ex-Senator Underwood deliver- 
ed a series of political addresses in 
the Presidential contest of 1856, 
supporting Bell and Everett, in 
compliance with urgent solicita- 
tions; but he was thereafter inac- 
tive in politics until the dark days 
of 1861, when ihe appeared before 
many audiences not only in Ken- 
tucky but outside the State, plead- 
ing for Peace and Union. The 
writer hereof once heard George 
D. Prentice, soon after the civil 
war, declare : * * There are four men 
in Kentucky whose voices chiefly 
served in 1861 to hold the State in 
the Union. They were James 
Gutflirie, John J. Crittenden, 
Charles A. Wickliffe and Joseph 
R. Underwood. They constituted 
the mighty quartet whose com- 
manding influence saved Kentucky 
from secession and for the time 
suppressed the angry storm then 
rising in her borders." 

Register of the Kentucky State Hfatorlcal Society. 


Judge Underwood was chosen as 
a delegate from the State at large 
to the National Democratic Con- 
vention at Ohicago in 1864, and 
there co-operated with James 
Guthrie and John M. Harlan in se- 
curing the nomination of General 
George B. McClelland for presi- 
dent, and whose election they sub- 
sequently advocated in numerous 
speeches throughout the State. 

The last public occasion when 
Judge Underwood appeared as a 
leading spirit was tihe assembling 
of the great convention held at 
Frankfort, in 1865, after the dis- 
bandment of the contending armies 
of the civil war, and when the 
whole land was resounding with ex- 
pressions of gratitude at the re- 
turn of peace. The convention rep- 
resented all portions of the Com- 
monwealth. It was composed of 
Kentucky's best citizens^ irrespec- 
tive of political affiliations, and in 
disregard of former party ani- 
mosities. TIhe occasion was an in- 
spiring one. The voice of peace had 
supplanted the voice of civil strife, 
and the great throng vied with each 
other in a determination to heal the 
wounds of the past and reunite 
Kentucky in a bond of fervent pa- 
triotism. Judge Underwood was 
properly chosen to preside over 
the assemblage. His address on 
the occasion was a superb exhibi- 
tion of pathetic eloquence, and 
seemed to weld all hearts in one 
mighty impulse of devotion to the 
State. A son of Judge Underwood, 
John C. Underwood, was a brave 
Confederate soldier, a fact that 
seemed to deepen the note of tender 
eloquence that pervaded his 

father's address, and to strengthen 
that noble resolve whidh has 
prompted true Kentuckians every- 
where to forgive if not to forget the 
differences of civil war. This son 
was afterward elected Lieutenant 
Governor of the State, making in 
that position a splendid official 

A memorable event in the career 
of Judge Underwood occurred up- 
on the completion for occupancy of 
the large new courthouse at Bowl- 
ing Green, in 1868. The whole bar 
of tihe city was gathered in the 
commodious circuit court room, 
and many citizens not connected 
with the legal profession were 
present. It was an occasion of 
geniune festivity and of hearty con- 
gratulation. Hon. Geo. C. Rogers, 
the distinguished judge of the cir- 
cuit, a son-in-law of Judge Under- 
wood, presided, and the occa- 
sion proved to be, on ac- 
count of prolonged sickness, his 
last service on the bench. It 
was detei*mined that Judge Un- 
derwood, then 77 years of age, 
should offer tiie first motion before 
the court and to make the first ar- 
gument in the new hall of justice. 
With characteristic dignity, he per- 
formed the pleasing duty, being 
followed by other members of the 
bar who made addresses appropri- 
ate to the occasion — ^tihe remarks 
of Judge Underwood being replete 
with delightful reminiscences of his 
career from the time when he came 
to Kentucky from Gouchland 
County, Va., in 1803, a period of 
nearly seven decades, during which 
Kentucky had developed from a 
territorial condition into the pro- 

Refliatar tX th* Kvntusky 8t«t« Hlatarlegl 9oel*ty. 

portions of a rich, prosperoue, pop- 
ulous and grand Commonwealffli, 
with a glorious history in the past 
and yet more glorious future. 

Judge Underwood spent the clos- 
ing years of his busy life in the un- 
spoiled solitude of his beautiful 
country home, near Bowling Green, 
passing away August 23, 1876, in 
the 841h year of his age, with full 
faith in tihe Christian religrion. His 
long career in the public service, 
beginning in the war of 1812, was 
a life at once distinguished and 
free from stain. He was a pro- 
foundly conscientious man and was 
never known to veer from the path 
of duty. He was beloved univer- 

sally in the community in which he 
lived, and his memory is now re- 
vered by every intelligent man and 
woman in Warren County, which 
never hesitated to honor him. As 
was said of Abraham Lincoln, he 
had "the plain man's genius— com- 
mon sense." He fed his spirit with 
the bread of books, and slaked his 
thirst at all tflie wells of thought! 
Recalling his sympathetic nature 
and his rare judicial temperament, 
it may be added that — 

"HIb only fault — the (ault that boom of old. 
Laid even on Qod—was' that he waa erer 

To bend the law to let his mercy out." 

i DOT" 


iini. : 

h ^ 

!>' cr 




Bead Before the Society of ** Colonial Daughters^' 

Jtdy, 1898. 




Hhis very important roadway for 
the track of the electric railway to 
its power house in the suburbs of 
the city at tihe extremity of Wilkin- 
son street, was called for the Gov- 
ernor General, Miro, of Louisiana, 
before it was ceded to the United 
States. When Louisiana was pur- 
chased from France for fifteen mil- 
lion ($15,000,000) in 1803, General 
Miro retired to his own country. 
Kentucky then as now, thought a 
word should be spelled as it was 
pronounced in English, and Frank- 
fort adopted tIhe phonetic mode of 
pronouncing the General's name, 
for its chirography, therefore we 
find it written Mero. 

Its best claim to any special 
mention is that it shares the dis- 
tinction of Clinton in being part 
of the Buffalo Trace of early days. 
Until this low lying ground next 
to Fort Hill was drained, there 
were no (houses here of any kind. 
And now it has come to be a com- 
mon thoroughfare, through what 
is still a very undesirable part of 
the city. 

It begins at the river, as do all 
these streets running eastward. 
And it intersects High street at the 
square in front of tihe penitentiary. 
At the intersection of the streets 

running northward across Mero, 
the houses of any importance have 
been named in the preceding chap- 
ters of this History, and it is use- 
less to repeat them (here. The 
future historian we hope will find 
Mero a better field of observation 
and incident than it is now — 

"As the people make it 
So we receive and take it." 

at the present time. It is macada- 
mized, but not paved all along, 
from end to end. This is no sur- 
prise, when we learn from the 
town records, how long it was be- 
fore it was utilized, except as a 
**big road'' through the marsh. 

It was not until 1828 and 1829 
that any arrangement was made 
for turnpikes in Kentucky. The 
first one of any length was from 
Lexington to Maysville, made upon 
the plan submitted by McAHams. 
Daniel Boone's trace or road was 
the first one made in Kentucky. 
(Collins' History, Vol. I, First 

From Lexington to Frankfort 
was the second turnpike in 1829. 
Then the streets were macada- 
mized as far north as Hig|h and 
Clinton; and in the newspapers of 
that year we read an ordinance 
dated April 4, 1829, thus, ''Sec. 1: 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Be it ordained by the Board of 
Trustees of the town of Frankfort ; 
T^at no person shall ride, lead or 
drive any horse or other b'east of 
burden, or any cart, wagon or 
other heavy carriage over the 
brick pavements of this town under 
penalty of two dollars for every 

This settles the question as to 
brick pavements — they were here 
at that time — ^but not all over the 
city, only on St. CLair, Main, Mont- 
gomery, Wilkinson, Washington, 
Broadway, Anne and part of the 
way on Clinton. 

Hence we see Mero was not em- 
braced in that improvement. Only 
this year (1898), sixty-nine years 
afterwards, we have by order of 
the City Council, His Honor, the 
Mayor, W. S. Dehoney, presiding, 
a brick street: St. Clair, from 
the comer of Broadway and St. 
Clair, in front of the State House 
Square, is laid in brick cement, 
from curbing to curbing of side 
pavements of brick up to the 
bridge across the river to South 

The electric railway established 
in 1894 popularized Mero, and it 
has shown some signs of improve- 
ment since exposed to public criti- 
cism day by day by the fre- 
quenters of the parks and pleasure- 
seekers availing themselves of the 
cars to enjoy a breezy ride through 
the city. 

The penitentiary has the ap- 
pearance of an old stone castle as 
you approach it on Mero. It was 
finished in 1800, and had only one 
prisoner. Its Keeper was John S. 
Hunter. Here at the end of the 

century this penitentiary is one of 
the largest in the South, with an- 
other branch penitentiary at Ed- 
dyville, and both filled to their 
utmost capacity with criminals. 
This seems to be a strange com- 
mentary on the 19th century, 
especially so when we know that 
the honest, industrious citizens of 
the State are burdened beyond en- 
durance almost, with taxation, to 
support Public Schools, Beform 
Schools and all manner of philan- 
thropic and charitable institutions, 
in order to keep apace with the 
advanced theories based upon 
Christian civilization for the im- 
provement morally and mentally 
of the race. Let us hope in the new 
century about to dawn men may 
become better by these blessings. 
That they will not need correction 
and punishment and task-masters 
to teach them the severity of the 
law, when they can follow the heav- 
enly pointings in the better way, 
and learn its dicipline of mercy, 
and love and justice. Then pris- 
ons may be turned into palaces, 
the frowning walls overhung with 
roses and the work-yards become 
gardens and parks; free pleasure 
grounds for the happy people of 
the city. 


Holmes street was called for 
Andrew Holmes, of centennial 
memory. This avenue runs from 
the comer of Mero and High 
streets. It is the beginning of the 
Owenton turnpike, and the street 
continues to the city limits, and 
now, though unpaved on the side- 

RfO'tter of th« Kentucky State Hietorlcul Society. 


walks, may be said to extend to 
Cove Spring Park. 

The electric street railway runs 
along the north side of the road. 
This improvement, in operation 
since the first of June, has been a 
beautiful blessing to tlhe city, as 
well as to the citizens of the sub- 
urbs, who ihave the convenience of 
the cars, as well as the cheer and 
unexpected recreation of the Park. 

All honor to our enterprising 
citizens, Mr. John T. Buckley and 
Mr. Pat MacDonald, who have 
engineered and brought to success 
the splendid enterprise of the 
electric street railway. 

The most notable building now 
standing, though no longer used, 
on Holmes street is the pottery, 
and the old brick house of Mr. 
Walker (the potter), with its 
small windows and low doorways. 
When it was built we could not 
ascertain, but it is one of the 
ancient landmarks of the city (now 

The homes and business houses 
along this route are nearly all of 
them new, or comparatively so. The 
north wall of the penitentiary runs 
about a hundred feet along the 
street, from the entrance north- 
east, and the industries of this in- 
stitution furnish employment to 
many persons living in this vicin- 

They own or rent the pretty 
homes with flower-yards in front, 
tihat one Sices in riding along this 
winding way to the park.* 

The views in this valley, said 
once to be ftihe river bed, are sur- 
passingly beautiful. The hills on 
the east and south as one comes 

from under the shadow of the Fort 
Hill, are wonderful in their abund- 
ance of wild flowers and foliage. 

The trees of every variety grow 
to immense proportions and (height, 
and they, with the dark, deep green 
of the cedars, make a wall of 
emerald coloring, rarely, if ever, 
seen anywhere but in Frankfort. 

Where tradition is obscure and 
often unreliable testimony and 
history is silent concerning a local- 
ity, we have to fHum to the people 
themselves who live here for infor- 
mation; they often know nothing 
of the city. 

We learn, however, from some 
sources that Holmes street, as a 
street, is of comparative late date. 
It was unsettled until the big road 
leading out from the penitentiary 
was cut. Then only sparsely set- 
tled until a short while before the 
Civil war, 1861-65, when it was 
macadamized and incorporated as 
the Frankfort and Owenton turn- 
pike, since wbich time this street 
has come to be recognized as one 
of the most important of the city. 

The electric street railway will 
popularize it still further, and 
open up for the tourist some of the 
most beautiful iscenery in America. 
The drive up and around Cove 
Spring hill, overlooking the city 
(where was located the first water- 
works, 1804), and the river in the 

*Since this chapter was written, alons 
the route just described, ai>e the grounds, 
and the pretty Country Club house. This 
is the attractive pleasure grounds of the 
city. Here ai^ given beautiful entextain- 
ments, and all the popular out-door games 
are enjoyed in the lovely spaces allotted 
the players, the pleasure-seekers and the 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

valley below, is one of unrivaled 
beauty, and is tihe further exten- 
sion of Holmes street, though 
called the Owenton pike. Here we 
must leave the history of this 
street of the future. Where so 
much has been accomplished in the 
last few years, we must hope much 
for the beautiful Capital of Ken- 

Witih unity of purpose and con- 
certed action among her citizens, 
we feel sure that the long deferred 
prosperity of the city, like that of 
Liverpool, England, after its Cen- 
tennial, will come in with its river 
and railways and beautiful roads' 

for advantages, it cannot fail of 
becoming one of the most thriving, 
as it is now the most important ci-^ 
in position and politics in the 

When the Spanish- American war 
is over, there will be wider fields 
covered with homes and streets be- 
yond tIhe city limits of today and 
the hills will be terraced to receive 
electric railways, and where now 
there are rocky stairways, there 
will be firm foundations of great 
business houses, and the flag of 
new stars and greater enterprise 
will wave from every height. 




Members of ihe Historical So- 
ciety everywhere will be pleased to 
know that General P. P. Johnston, 
that chivalric gentleman, at all 
times 80 kind and generous to the 
Society, upon leaving his oflBce at 
the expiratton of his term as Ad- 
jutant General of the State, De- 
cember 31, 1911, presented to the 
Kentucky State Historical Society 
<his portrait of General John C. 

As a loan to the gallery of por- 
traits in the Hall of Fame, it had 
hung on its walls for several years. 
As the unforgotten idol of Ken- 
tucky, John C. Breckinridge has 
had more loving tributes paid him, 
by men who stood and looked upon 
his portrait, than any other Gov- 
ernor, statesman, hero or soldier 
in the vast collection of Kentucky's 
great men 's portraits and pictures:. 

We are sure our readers will be 
pleased to read the following 
charming poem, a tribute to John 
C. Breckinridge, in Barbecue Days, 
hj James Tandy Ellis: '^The Old 
EUum Tree Whar Breckinridge 
Spoke. ' ' It is taken from his book 
of poems.— Ed. The Register. 



SPOKE. ^^ 

James Tandy Ellis. 

At Sanders, Ky., in my native 
county of Carroll, there is yet 
standing a towering and magnifi- 
cent elm tree, and it isi held in al- 
most sacred reverence by the peo- 
ple of that section, for it was under 
this tree that John C. Breckinridge 
delivered his famous speech in 

It was the occasion for a great 
barbecue, and there has never been 
a gathering of such great magni- 
tude in the Obio Valley. The sug- 
gestions for itihe poem were given 
to me by Uncle Boone Bradley, an 
old citizen who was present on this 
memorable day, and as he describ- 
ed the pathetic beauty of Breck- 
inridge ^s language, the tears flowed 
from his eyes. 

The impression of this speech, 
remaining so clear, gives us sK)me 
understanding as to the wonderful 
fascination and power of this splen- 
did Kentuckian. 

"Tou see that ellum over thar? 
WeU, jest four yearg afore the war. 

Along in flfl74i<> 
John Breoki]irldse-*4be great John C. — 
Spoke over thar beneath thet tree; 

His BubJec'--polttlc8. 


Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 

"Wo hed the biggest barbecue 
You «ver saw, and I'll tell you 

1*11 never see again 
Jest slch mighty multitudes— 
An' them wus Um«8 we had no dudes 

But men wus manly men. 

"Old Eagle seem'd to flow along 
Entirely conscious of the throng 

That stood there by her side. 
I kinder thought her face serene. 
Gleamed brighter fi-om the happy'scene 

And swell'd with honest pride. 

"It made a feller bile clean o'er. 
An' loTe the women more an' more — 

It made the women feel 
That they wuz worth their weight in gold 
And sacred trumps for men to hold. 

An' then he closed the deal. 


'He come down into politics. 
An' showed us all the schemes an' tricki^ 

An' told the why an' cause 
Of Abolition gas and slush. 
An' how their ideas wuz to crush 

All of the slavery laws. 

"It seem'd that ev'ry singing bird 
In all the State had somehow heard 

About the barbecue; 
Prom ev'ry bush and ev'ry tree 
Thar seem'd to come sweet melody. 

And it wuz music, too. 

"An' then he took a sudden whack 
At Fremont — ^ripped 'im up the back — 

He tum'd agin an' smashed 
Old Millard Fillmore in the neck, 
Free-soilers thar looked mighty sick 

To see their idol hash'd. 

"Well, after we had gotten through 
A messin' at the barbecue. 

We gether'd round that tree— 
The men and women left the creek. 
For they had come to hear him speak- 
To hear the great John C. 


'He took us back to Washington, 
John Adams, an' old Jefferson, 

And told us of the worth 
Of these old statesmen, then he led 
Us to the very fountain head 

Of Democratic birth. 


'An' when he rose— Lor', sech a yell! 
But when he spoke, a magic spell 

Seem'd dropping from each cloud; 
An' ev'ry feUer held his breath. 
The silence wuz as still as death 

That settled o'er the crowd. 

"An* then he slowly worked around 
On to the Dark and Bloody Ground, 

And told of heroes brave 
Who died down In Old Mexico, 
An' how the Nation's proud halo 

Wuz hov'rlng o'er their grave. 


'He open'd in a quiet way 
An' told us what a pleasant day 

That It had been for him; 
An' then into the dreamy sky 
He slowly turned his mighty eye 

Up past the ellum limb. 

"All o'er his face thar come a smile. 
An' with that manner soft and mild. 

He spoke the sweetest words 
About the ladies and their ways. 
An' sech a flow of woman praise 

Nobody ever heard. 

"His voice wuz gitten' low and sweety 
You felt as when the children greet 

You at the winder pane; 
He look'd into the far off sky. 
An' softly said: 'Dear friends, good bye,. 

I hope we'll meet again.' 

"Well, thet wuz all, but time o' day? 
You couldn't hold thet crowd in sway. 

They struggled for the stand; 
'Twuz fust a shout, an' then a yell, 
They push'd an' pull'd an' tore up— jack 

To git hold of his hand. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


"John C. is sleepin/ so they say. 
Close to the grave of Henry Clay, 

Up in old Liexington; 
An' I vould like to go and stan' 
Beside his grave, an* touch it. Tan., 

Before my life is done. 


'An' I would take along with me 
A sprig o' that old ellum tree. 

An' when I reach'd -the side 
Of that low grave, I'd kneel me down 
An' lay it on his grassy mound 

Then go 'way satisfied. 


If there be orators in heav«n 
When I git thar, an' I am given 
A chance to hear them speak, 
I'm goin' to say to old John C, 
Jest say agin that speech fer me 
You made on Eagle Creek.' 




Read this beautiful tribute to his 
memory published some years 
ago. — Ed. The Register. 

By James Tandy Ellis. 

Among the historic places in 
Kentucky which are visited every 
year by numbers of people is the 
beautiful home at Carrollton, of 
Gen. William Orlando Butler, sol- 
dier, statesman and writer. It was 
here that the distingufished Ken- 
tuckian spent the last years of ihis 
life, after a career full of stirring 

Gen. Butler was born in Jessa- 
mine county in 1791. He came of a 
family remarkable for military re- 
nown. His grandfather, a native 
of Ireland, came to America the 
middle of the Eighteenth century 
and settled in Pennsylvania. He 

had five sons, all of whom entered 
the American army. The patriot- 
ism and bravery of the whole fam- 
ily became so celebrated that 
Washington once gave as a toast: 
''The Butlers, and Their Five 
Sons.'^ Gen. Lafayette said: 
**When I want a thing well done, I 
order a Butler to do it. ' ^ 

William 0. Butler was the son of 
Percival, a fourth of the brothers. 
He was graduated from Transylva- 
nia TJjiiversity dn 1812, and waisi 
studying law under Robert Wick- 
liffe, when war broke out between 
the United States and England. 
He enlisted as a private and took 
part in the battle of the River 
Raisin, and shared in the horrors 
of that defeat. 

One incident occurred in that 
battle that is worty of mention. 
Capt. Hickman, Maj. Thomas P. 
Dudley, who was in after years a 
prominent Baptist preacher in 
Kentucky, and Butler were sta- 
tioned behind a picket fence, and 
were shooting at the British and 
Indians through the cracks of itihe 
fence. There was a gap in the 
fence which they were compelled 
to cross. Capt. Hickman went first 
and was wounded; Maj. Dudley fol- 
lowed and was also wounded. But- 
ler came last, and escaped without 
injury, although his clothes were 
riddled by bullets from the foe. 

Taken Prisoner In Battle. 

Butler and a large number were 
made prisoners in this battle, and 
the next morning -started on the 
long journey to Fort Niagara. 
Capt. Hickman was left with the 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Indians, and was murdered, along 
with a great number of prisoners. 
Butler and DucQey remained at 
Fort Niagara imtil 1814, when 
they were exchanged, and returned 
to their homes in Kentucky. Both 
greatly desiring to punish British 
perfidy, joined the forces which 
met the British and Indians at the 
battle of tihe Thames, where the 
Kentuckians under Colonel Rich- 
ard M. Johnson, defeated, with 
great slaughter, the murderers of 
the gallant Hickman and his com- 

Butler again distinguished him- 
self in this fight. A large bam 
filled wi'tlh straw stood before the 
American lines. In this bam the 
enemy had found protection 
against the unerring aim of the 
Kentucky riflemen. The command- 
ing oflScer asked if there was any- 
one who would «set fire to the barn. 
Young Butler responded, **I will 
try, sir," and with a lighted torch 
hastened to the bam, under fire of 
the Britisih, Sict fire to the structure 
and returned to his place in the line 
without injury, although he had 
passed through the incessant fire 
of the enemy. 

After the battle, young Butler 
was promoted to the rank of Col- 
onel, and the division of the army 
to which he belonged was ordered 
south to protect Louisiana from 
British invasion. New Orleans 
being the point at which the Bfitish 
were expected to concentrate. 
General Jackson hastened there to 
protect the city. In the afternoon 
of December 2, 1814, Gen. Jackson 
learned that the British forces had 
disembarked from their ships and 

were marching up toward the city. 
Jackson immediately ordered Col- 
onel Butler to take command of a 
force sufficient tp hold the enemy 
in check until the whole army could 
join him. 

Night came on and Butler with 
his forces had to mardh through 
darkness. Seeing the lights of 
campfires, Butler halted and asked 
if anyone could tell him who were 
encamped on his front. A young 
Kentuckian went ahead of the 
command, and after the absence of 
a half hour returned and said, 
*'They are the British; I saw their 
red coats. ^^ Colonel Butler gave 
the command to charge, and it was 
quickly obeyed. The British fled, 
leaving their arms and supper. 
Butler ordered a halt and was soon 
joined by tihe forces under Jack- 
son. This surprise caused the 
British to delay for re-enforce- 
ments and gave Jackson time to 
prepare his breastworks and to ad- 
minister to the British lion a pun- 
ishment on January 8, 1815, hith- 
erto unknown to British warfare. 

At the battle of New Orleans, 
General Jackson appointed Colonel 
Butler to a membership on ihis 

Wounded In Mexico. 

We next hear of Butler in the 
war between the United States and 
Mexico, as Major General. At the 
battle of Monterey, his division 
was approaching a street that was 
protected by a mortar battery, 
which opened fire on the Ameri- 
cans, and General Butler was 
severely wounded and carried from 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


the field, by order of General Tay- 
lor, who ordered the forces to fall 
back and take a position wihere 
they conld destroy that battery. 

As soon as General Butler had 
sufficiently recovered, he rejoined 
the army before the City of Mexi- 

Owing to some misunderstand- 
ing between General Scott and 
some other officers, General Butler 
was made Commander-in-Chief of 
the American forces in Mexico, and 
wihen peace was declared he return- 
ed at the head of the army. This 
ended his military career. 

General Butler served in Con- 
gress from 1839 to 1843, and made 
a record there for ability and 
statesmanship. His qualities were 
again given recognition when he 
was unanimously nominated for 
Governor by the Democrats of 
Kentucky in 1844. In that polit- 
ical race he canvassed the State 
thoroughly and reduced the Whig 
majority from 27,000 to a little 
over 4,000. He served in the Leg- 
islature and was appointed Gover- 
nor of Nebraska in 1855, but de- 
clined it. The Democratic National 
Convention of 1848 nominated him 
for vice president along with Gen- 
eral Cass, the ticket being defeated 
by Van Buren and Adams. Gen- 
eral Butler went to Washington as 
a member of the *' Peace Con- 
gress'^ in 1861. The rest of his 
life he spent at his charming home 
at CarroUton. The spacious yard 
of the old house, shaded by stately 
aspen 'trees, affords one of the most 
exquisite views of the Ohio and 
Kentucky river si. Amid the simple 
beauty of home life there, he WdS 

visited by many distinguished men 
whom he entertained with true 
Southern hospitality. 

As old age crept upon him, he 
still retained his erect and soldier- 
ly bearing, and delighted in review- 
ing his many campaigns. 

He died at CarroUton, August 6, 
1880, and was buried in the old 
Butler family burying ground, 
where other distinguished members 
of thia family sleep. 

T^e swords presented to Gen.* 
Butler are treasured mementoes of 
the' great Kentuckian. One, a mag- 
nificent trophy presented by Con- 
gress, is now kept by relatives in 
Louisville. The other, presented 
by the State of Kentucky, is still 
preserved at CarroUton. 

General Butler published a vol- 
ume of poemsi, **The Boatman ^s 
Horn, and Other Poems. '^ **The 
Boatman's Horn,'' which is repro- 
duced here, was well-known in its 
day, and was inspired by the as- 
sociation and memories of his child- 
hood on the Ohio and Kentucky 
rivers when listening to the large 
and sonorous horns the boatmen 
were Accustomed to blow to an- 
nounce their coming to the landing 


O, boatman, wind that horn again. 
For never did the list'ning air 
Upon its lambent bosom bear 

So wild, so soft, so sweet a strain. 
What though thy notes are sad and few. 

By every simple boatman blown, 
Tet is each pulse to nature true 

And melody in every tone. 
How oft in boyhood's Joyous day. 


Reoltter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Unmlndfal of the lapsing hours. 

I've loitered on my homeward way 
By wild Ohio's brink of flowers. 

While some lone boatman from the deck 
Poured his soft numbers to that tide. 

As if to charm from storm to wreck 
The boat where all his fortunes ride! 
Delighted nature drank the sound. 
Enchanted — echo bore it round 
In whispers soft, and softer still. 
From hill to plain and plain to hill. 
Till e'en the thoughtless, frolicking boy 
Elate with hope and wild with joy. 
Who gamboled by the river side 
And sported with the fretting tide, 
Feels something new pervade his breast. 
Bends o'er the flood his eager ear 
To catch the sounds, far off, yet near — 
Drink the sweet draught, but knows not 

The tear of rapture fills his eye; 
And can he now, to manhood grown. 
Tell why those no4:es, simple and lone. 
As on the ravished ear they fell. 
Binds every sense in magic spell? 
There is a tide of feeling given — 
To all on earth — its fountain. Heaven, 
Beginning with the dewy flower 
Just ope'd in Flora's vernal bower. 
Rising creation's orders through 
With louder murmer, brighter hue. 
That tide is sympathy; its ebb and flow 
Give life its hues of Joy and woe; 
Music, the master spirit that can mov« 
Its waves to war, or lull them into love; 
Can cheer the sinking sailor 'mid the wave 
And bid the soldier on, nor fear the grave; 
Inspire the fainting pilgrim on his road. 
And elevate his soul to claim his God, 
Then, boatman, wind that horn again! 
Though much of sorrow mark its strain, 
Yet are its notes to sorrow dear. 
What, though they wake fond memory's 

Tears are sad memory's sacred feast. 
And rapture oft her chosen guest. 


In a recent number of the 
World's Work, we read that Ken- 
tucky is a comedy. The wit who 
used the term perhaps had been 
reading accounts of the Legisla- 
tures aa given by the various news- 
papers of the State. 

While she may be a thing to 
laugh at in the North, the Ken- 
tuckians still take the *' Comedy'* 
so called, seriously. Kentucky is a 
tragedy, to those who must feel the 
edge of the comedy of errors, to 
which the writer alludes. A pain- 
ful want of integrity and fidelity 
is nothing to laugh at. 

We do not know the course of 
studies in the public schools of the 
State, but we would suggest that 
the scholars take a day oflf in each 
week to study Kentucky History 
alone. No matter whether the boys 
and girls now living in Kentucky 
will continue to live here or not, 
but whether at home or abroad they 
will have more frequent inquiries 
for points of history about Ken- 
tucky in the days of her good fame 
for talent and courage than any 
other State, South or West of the 
Allegheny Mountains. 

The ques-tions that come to us, 
are those they may be asked; and 
we have found very few school 
children who can answer them: 

1. When was Kentucky receiv- 
ed into the Union? 

2. What three counties were 
formed out of Kentucky county be- 
fore she became a State? 

3. What counties represented 
her in her petition for Statehood, 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


in the convention held in Danville, 

4. What President -signed the 
petition and agreement when she 
became a State? 

5. When did Daniel Boone first 
come to Kentucky! 

6. Where was he bornt 

7. What battles did he engage 
in during the Eevolutiont 

8. When did he . survey the 
wilderness road from Virginia to 

9. When did ihe leave Kentucky 
and where did he diet 

10. Why was he not buried in 
Kentucky when he died, and when 
were his remains brought to Ken- 

11. Who was the first Gover- 
nor of Kentucky, and how long did 
he serve! 

12. How many counties are in 
the State, and how is it bounded! 

Though the answers to these 
questions may be found in geog- 
raphies and in our histories, Col- 
lins* History of Kentucky and 
Smithes History of Kentucky, the 
majority of people seem to be 
ignorant of these facts, and the 
school children, if they have known 
them, have forgotten them, hence 
we suggest, they give more time to 
the history of Kentucky. 



By Db. Frbdbbick A. Cook 

(From Book Notice Department In the 
"United Empire" Journal of the Royal Colo- 
nial Institnte, London, England. Exchange 
with the Register.) 

We are happy to read the follow- 
ing article in the '* United Empire'^ 

Journal of the Royal Colonial In- 
stitute, London, concerning Dr. 
Cook's *'My Attainment of the 
Pole.^' We like to be sustained in 
our opinion of this real hero of the 
discovery of the Pole, by such 
learned ferities. We believe -still in 
Dr. Cook.— (Ed. The Register.) 

Db. Fbedkbick A. Cook.— My At- 
tainment OP THE Pole. 

In reading Dr. Cook^s narrative 
of his journey towards what he 
calls the ** boreal center^' one is 
naturally led to compare his ac- 
count with Peary's recently pub- 
lished work on the same subject. 
Whatever may be the ultimate de- 
cision as to the merits of Dr. 
Cook's claims^ this much may be 
said for his written account, it is 
quite as convincing to the lay read- 
er and much more interesting than 
that of his rival. Dr. Cook makes 
out a case for a careful and un- 
biased examination of the evidence 
he produces, if &uch a thing be pos- 
sible while the chief actors in the 
controversy are still living. Whilst 
not himself denying that Peary 
may have attained the North Pole, . 
he brings forward a number of 
specific and grave charges against 
the Admiral, which the latter can- 
not afford to disregard. On the 
face of it Dr. Cook's narrative ap- 
pears honest and straight-forward, 
and he would be a rash man who 
summed up before all the evidence 
has been carefully sifted, and re- 
jected or corroborated. In one re- 
spect Dr. Cook is entirely right. 
The Peary-Oook dispute cannot be 
threshed out in the newspaper and 
magazine press, which has already 


Register of the Kentucky State Htetorlcai Society. 

prejudged and prejudiced the case. 
There are many who believe in Dr. 
Cook. Amongst them may be men- 
tioned Captain Evelyn Baldwin, 
who was meteorologist in the Peary 
expedition of 1893-94. Captain 
Baldwin asserts that amongst 
other supporters of Dr. Cook are 
Admiral Sdhley, Greneral A. W. 
Greeley, Captain Otto Sverdrup, 
and Captain Eoald Amundsen. Dr. 
Cook's book is well produced and 
excellently written. 

As a narrative and quite apart 
from the controversial matter it is 
of great interest. A student of 
character will find much amuse- 
ment in comparing Cook with 
Peary, and students of phyw- 
ognomy will not be slow to draw 
conclusions from Dr. Cook's por- 


The Department of Genealogy 
and the Department of Inquiries 
and Answers, are omitted from th^ 
May Register to give room to other 
interesting and valuable articles 
that are written especially for this 

The portrait of Major Henry T. 
Stanton, by Ferdinand G. Walker, 
the artist, has been received and 
hung on the Wall of Fame. It is 
conceded by all to be one of the 
best in the collection. 

sue of the Register the splendid 
article on Jefferson Davis, from the 
pen of Mrs. Elizabeth Sturges. It 
is peculiarly appropriate judt at 
this time, as the General Assembly, 
whicih but recently adjourned, pass- 
ed an act providing for the pur- 
chase of the Davis home, in Todd 
county, for the estabUshment of a 
Davis memorial. In this connec- 
tion we wish to commend the Leg- 
islature for its patriotic act in pass- 
ing this bill. It was a simple act of 
justice, much too long delayed, to 
a great KentucMan, a great South- 
erner and a great American. 

We are very glad to be able to 
present to our readers in this is- 

A recent addition to the list of 
histories of Kentucky is Colonel E. 
Polk Johnson's *' History of Ken- 
tucky and Kentuckians. " It is 
weU written, the style being pleas- 
ing and entertaining, particularly 
in the biographies, it is also attrac- 
tively bound, and the illustrations 
are good. It is to be deeply regret- 
ted, however, that an otherwise val- 
tiable contribution to the written 
history of Kentucky should be mar- 
red by the errors and distortions 
whicih characterize the author's ac- 
count of the events connected with 
the death of Governor William 

We shall make no reference to 
the author 's account of the conven- 
tion which nominated Mr. Goebel 
for Governor, and the campaign 
which followed, except to say tihat 
it reflects the biased view of the 
partisan, rather than the unpreju- 
diced view of the historian. But 
there are some statements as to 
later events which the simple de- 
mands of history require shall be 

Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 


corrected. For instance, on page 
513 of volume 1 of the work, the 
author undertakes to give an ac- 
count of the action of the General 
Assembly in deciding the contest 
and declaring Mr. Goebel elected 
Governor. After referring to the 
fact that the contest committee of 
the two Houses had reported in 
favor of seating Mr. Goebel, the 
author proceeds as follows: 

**Tlhe question being taken on 
the adoption of the above report it 
was adopted, fifty-six Democratic 
Senators and Eepresentatives vot- 
ing in the affirmative, no votes be- 
ing cast in the negative. The Gen- 
eral Assembly consists of thirty- 
eight Senators and one hundred 
Eepresentatives, a total of one 
hundred and thirty-eight members 
of which seventy is a majority. But 
fifty-six votes proved sufficient in 
this instance ; * ^ etc. 

We do not know whether this 
misstatement of the plain facts of 
history was premeditated, or the 
result of carelessness in examining 
the records. Charity would incline 
us to the latter view, but careless- 
ness in one who attempts to write 
history is well nigh as reprehen- 
sible as a willful misstatement of a 
fact. And this is peculiarly true 
where the writer has access to 
public records for tihis data. 

The fifty-six votes cast for the 
committees report, to which the 
author evidently refers, were the 
votes cast by the House. The com- 
mittee was a joint committee, ap- 
pointed in the manner prescribed 
by law, and 6i course reported to 
a Joint Assembly. The report was 
adopted at this Joint Assembly, 56 

House members and 19 Senators, 
voting for the adoption of the re- 
port, making 75 in all. Tihe 56 
House votes were a majority of 
that body, and the 19 Senate votes 
were a majority of that body, as 
Senator Goebel had resigned, leav- 
ing only 37 Senators, and the 75 
total votes was a majority of the 
Joint Assembly. 

All of the above facts are set out 
in detail in the Senate Journal of 
1900, pages 295 to 298 inclusive, 
and in House Journal of 1900, 
pages 296 to 299 inclusive. The 
Journals show every detail of the 
action of the Joint Assembly in the 
matter, including the roll call, and 
tihe names of the members present 
and voting. These are the facts of 
history, and we have felt it our 
duty to set them out here. Of 
course we can not hope by this cor- 
rection to repair the great injury 
done to the good name of the State 
and the integrity of the General 
Assembly by the publication in 
question, but we shall have at least 
done what we could to right the 

And we must notice one other 
statement in the author ^s discus- 
sion of the matter. On page 514 of 
volume 1 he says: 

*'No man not wholly blinded by 
partisan prejudice believes that 
Taylor knew aught of the assassi- 
nation until tihe fateful shot was 
fired. ^^ 

This statement is so completely 
at variance with the proof brought 
out in the various trials of those 
accused of the crime that we do not 
care to offer any comment upon it, 
further than to again suggest that 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetoricai Society. 

the author was writing as a blind 
partisan, rather than as a narrator 
of the simple facts of history. 

In conclusion we wish again to 
express our regret that a work with 
so many things to commend it 
should be marred by one chapter 
which is not Kentucky history. 


The General Assembly of 1912 
did many things to commend it to 
the high esteem of the people of the 
State, and among the list we wish 
to mention the appropriation for 
the ** Perry ^s Victory Centeimial, * ' 
to be held at Put-In-Bay, Ohio, in 
1913. TIhe part Kentuckians play- 
ed in the great victory over the 
British fleet on Lake Erie was 
graphically told in a recent number 
of the Eegister. The Kentucky 
riflemen, stationed in the rigging of 
Perry's ships, won the battle; and 
this victory was the turning point 
of the war of 1812. The celebration 
at Put-In-Bay next year would be 
incomplete without the participa- 
tion of Kentucky; and we take 
great pleasure in recording the fact 
that, thanks to the wisdom and 
patriotism of the Kentucky Leg- 
islature, the State will be credit- 
ably represented. 



By Alexandeb Hynd Lindsay, New 

(Maysville Bulletin.) 

The many friends of this talented 
gentleman and minister of tihe 

Presbyterian Church, in Flemings- 
burg, Ky., at one time, will be 
pleased to read his Book of Poems 
just published. Many of them 
were written while in Kentucky, 
and they breathe of the Blue Grass. 
They are easily and naturally ex- 
pressed, in language entirely free 
from scholastic terms; indeed the 
true art of the poet, is seen in the 
sweet simplicity and tenderness of 
the lines; direct as sunbeams, 
whether in sadness or humor, they 
touch the heart to tears or smiles. 
It was while wandering by the 
** banks and braes of bonny Elk- 
horn,'^ we are sure he wrote the 
exquisite tribute to its beauty, en- 
titled **Elkhorn.'^ **I want to go 
home'^ is its mate, in beauty, and 
it is full of the pathos of the heart 
that is hungry for Kentucky, and 
its green pastures, its mountains, 
its laughing waters, and its lovely 
old homes. Buy the book and read 
it— Wlhen you read the following 


Title of a Book of Poems Wbfttek 
By Rev. A. H. Lijjtdsay, Fobm- 
BBLY OF This Section. 

The many friends and admirers 
of the Rev. A. H. Lindsay of 
Franklin, N. Y., fromerly pastor 
of the Mayslick and Flemingsburg 
^ Presbyterian churches, will be glad 
' to know that a collection of his 
poems entitled *' Sweet June*' has 
just been edited by the Broadway 
Publishing Company of New York. 
In these poems this gifted young 
author gives abundant evidence of 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


the fact that he springs from a race 
of poets. Of him Mulligan in his 
comment on a poem read before the 
Caledonian Society of Lexington, 
Ky., said they had a right to ex- 
pect much, since Dr. Lindsay ^s an- 
cestors were the poets of Scotland 
200 years before Bobby Bums was 
bom. With the delicate touch of 
an artist he plays upon the keys of 
varied emotions, first moving one 
to tears with the beauty, pathos, 
and soul-stiring -sentiment contain- 
ed in some of his verses and then 
with a bit of wit and shrewd phil- 
osophy provoking laughter. In 
his **Pot-House Politician*^ one 
finds this student of human nature 
has not observed the ways of men 
in vain. For instance — 

Old Kentucky Is the center of the world's 
fair garden Bpot« 

Dame Nature put fine finishing upon her 
Blue Grass plot. 

But the stain upon her honor, and the 
blackest of her flaws 

Is the breed of men that she has raised to 
frame and pass her laws. 

O the folks in Old Kentucky soon a Para- 
dise would found 

If her pot-house politicians were a-sleep- 
ing under-ground. 

Perhaps many will recall bearing 
Dr. Lindsay read his **Ode to 
Stephen Collins Foster ^^ during the 
Mason county Home-coming cele- 
bration at Beechwood Park in 1906, 
and which received such favorable 
comment and won the hearts of all 
loyal Kentuckians. — ^W. H. E. 


Eev. Alexandeb Hynd Lindsay. 
Fbanklin, New Yokk. 

O Nature, thou art ever fair, 

And erer fair thou art to me. 
Thy radiant spirit's ererywhere 

On mountain height and grassy lea. 
In sweet Kentucky lore I thee! 

Where laurel blooms and blue-grass 
But thou art dearest all to me 

Where dreamingly the Elkhom flows. 

Sweet silver Elkhom, 

I hear thy music in my dreams. 
Clear, rippling Elkhom — 

Queen of all the Blue Grass streams. 

All through the sunny hours in June 

I listen to thy limpid strain 
That lulls to softer, sweeter tune 

The music of my heart and brain. 
But O to dream these hours away! 

And feel the magic of thy flow 
What more need I of charm to stay? 

What more of simple Joy to know? 

O Elkhom, thou must surely know 

The time when I my lored one meet. 
For in the erening's soft'ning glow 

I hear thee say, "To lore is sweet." 
**To lore is sweet," thou'rt whispering now. 

With Toice untouched, untrained by art. 
Sing on, fair Elkhom, gently thou! 

Sing to my lore-awakened heart! 

O Elkhom, fairest of the fair! 

That shimmers in the sunlight's beams. 
O Elkhom, rarest of the rare! 

With dancing ripples, curls and gleams 
Of all the Jewels I hare seen 

In nature's realm, I prize thee best — 
Thee Elkhom— diamond-pure serene 

That glitters on Kentucky's breast 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorlcal Society. 



A. H. L. 


I want to go back to the old town 
Where hallowed memories grow, 

To see the old place 

And look in the face 
Of one who was young long ago. 
I want to go back to the old home. 
Where I first felt the throbbings of life. 

Where tender caress 

And smothering kiss 
Were given by mother and wife. 
I want to go back to the old town. 
Where I lived in the days of yore. 

While nature is smiling 

With beauty beguiling. 
I want to go back once more. 


I want to go back to the old stream, 
Where I saw the finny tribe play 

'Neath a shady nook 

With bait on the hook 
I have spent there many a day 
I want to go back to the old field 
That lies by the edge of the wood. 

Where the corn used to grow 

In a soldierly row. 
And I used to day-dream and brood. 
I want to go back to the old town. 
Where I lived in the days of yore. 

While sunshine and showers 

Are making the flowers. 
I want to go back once more. 


I want to go back to the old tree 
And sit 'neath Its cooling shade, 

Where I first felt the flame. 

And whispered her name. 
And breathed out th<e love God made. 
I want to go back to the old well 
And drink of its waters so free. 

As it sings in the ground 

With a leap and a bound 
No music is sweeter to me. 

I want to go back to the old town. 
Where I lived in the days of yore. 
While bird-folks assemble 
And make the air tremble. 
I want to go back once more. 


I want to go back to the old flowers 
That grow 'long the fence and the wall 

The white columbine. 
The fern and the vine, 
And the rose that is sweetest of all. 
I want to go baqk to the old scenes 
And live them all over again. 

The city's a bore; 

I'm tired of its roar — 
The pale faces of women and men. 
I want to go back to the old town. 
Where I lived in the days of yore. 

Where spring is awaking 

And blossoms are breaking. 
I want to go back once more. 



(Frankfort News- Journal.) 

In Historical Society Booms In 
Capitol — ^Pabt of Valuable Col- 

Among the most admired por- 
traits in the historical rooms is the 
recent one of Major Henry T. Stan- 
ton, author of the Moneyless Man 
and other poems. 

While the ** Moneyless Man*' 
gave him an international fame as 
a poet, this bright soldier-bard of 
Kentucky wrote many exquisite 
poems superior to it, and which he 
liked better — ^indeed, everything he 
wrote was stamped with his genius. 
He was universally admired, and 
any poem from his pen was eager- 

orates Daniel Boone's discovery of 

Thy peeiiess name, 'gainst hostile tongues, we could not come, 
Oh, friend, 

Into thy sleeping presence here, where angels may stand veiled 
And hear the measures of thy worth, and hear thy loss bewailed. 
We could not come in this dark hour, when God*s indignant wrath 
Is like a cyclone in the air, upon thy murderer's path. 
*Twill send into an endless shame, Cain-browed plotters vile 
Who planned thy cruel death, and yet, were making laws the while. 
"Vengeance is mine, I will repay.** God will not break his word 
Men cannot bribe this mighty Judge, nor sheath his cutting sword. 
And so we rest our faith in Him — avenged thy death shall be. 
But this will never bring thee back, and we had need of thee. 
Precious thy message at the last. t"Say to those friends so fond 
ril take their memories sweet, with me into the great beyond.** 
No need to charge "be brave and true,*' we'll lift thy name on high 
And place thy crown with martyrs there who dared for truth to die 
Thy memory shall be consecrate, thy monument shall be 
A shrine of patriot's deathless love, and loyalty to thee. 

tWhen Governor Goebel was dying he sent this farewell message to the ladies 
who were weeping (or him, and had been watching and praying (or him during his 

The last lines o( this poem are inscribed on the Goebel monument at Frankfort, 
erected in the cemetery by the people of Kentucky. 





and a bound 
eter to me. 

He was imiversaiiy aximirea, asu 
any poem from his pen was eager- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


ly sought by lovers of song every- 
where. He was a Confederate 
soldier, and his Confederate poems 
of metrical verse are among his 

Many of his friends have visited 
the Hall of Fame in tihe historical 
department to see his portrait and 
express themselves as pleased to 
see such a fine portrait of him 


Information is wanted concern- 
ing Wm. Smith, who married Mary 
Ehodes. Both parties lived in Vir- 
ginia. KentuclQr relatives desire to 
know where in Louisa or Albemarle 
counties their records may be 
found. Son of Wm. Smith and 
Mary Ehodes. Bodes Smitih mar- 
ried Eunice Shomoon, Lydia Smith 
married Capt. Willa Viley, War- 
ren Viley married Catherine Jane 
Martin, Martinette Viley married 
Lister Witherspoon, Woodford 
County, Ky. 

McCreary Coutity has been add- 
ed to the number of Counties in 
Kentucky by the Legislature of 
1912, making 120. It is named in 
honor of Governor James B. Mc- 


Boone Day, 7th op June. 

The meeting of the Historical So- 
ciety on this date, which commem- 
orates Daniel Boone ^s discovery of 

Kentucky, promises to be one of 
unusual interest. The program for 
the occasion embraces Lexington, 
Harrodsburg, Shelbyville and Car- 
roUton, Ky. 

President J. H. Shearin, of 
Hamilton College and Professor in 
the State University, will deliver 
an address of great interest en- 
titled, ** Memories and Melodies of 
the Wilderness Eoad.^^ Tis enough 
that he will deliver it, to insure at- 
tention, a famous lecturer and 
widely known as one of the most 
delightful speakers in Kentucky. 
Hon. W. W. Stephenson, will read 
special chapters upon the **01d 
Historic Homes of Harrodsburg.^^ 
This will be illustrated by pictures 
of the places in and around this 
cradle of the Commonwealth, as the 
author proudly calls the town of 
Harrodsburg. Qol. J. Tandy Ellis, 
Poet and Literateur, will read a se- 
lection from his poems. Col. Ellis 
is now Assistant Adjutant Ghsneral 
of the State and m^kes his home in 
Frankfort. He is all around, one 
of the most highly gifted men in 
Kentucky, and his birthplace and 
former home, CarroUton, is very 
proud of him. 

Mrs. Bailey, of Shelbyville, the 
pianist, will furnish the music of 
piano and violin, with her class as- 
sisting her. This part of the pro- 
gram will be enjoyed by all lovers 
of music. Mrs. Bailey's ** Musical 
Eecitals^' in Shelbyville, are 
charming. With this forecast for 
the meeting, we can promise one 
equal to any meeting ever held be- 
fore by the Historical Society. 


Books, Magazines, Newspapers and Pamphlets 


Smithsonian report, 1909. Amer- 
ical Historical Association, Cour- 
teous mention of the ** Register'' of 
the Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety, and its historical accounts of 
the streets of Frankfort. 

Smithsonian Institution — Report 
of the American Bureau of Ethnol- 
ogy, Wahington, D. C. 

Bibliophile^ Press — Catalog of 
rare and curious, ancient and 
modem books — Edgware Road, 
London, England. 

The University Travel — Study 
Club; Syracuse, New York. 

Book List of Americana, New 

Monthly List of State Publica- 
tions — ^Library of Congress, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

The New Social Democracy, by 
J. H. Harley, M. A.— Orchard 
House, London. 

Problems of Social Government, 
P. S. King & Son, London, Eng- 

Librarie La Rouse — Grand Prix, 
Paris, France. 

Bulletin of Department in 
Queen's University— Kingston, On- 
tario, Canada. 

Scribner's Magazine. 

Century Magazine. 

World's Work Magazine. 

Leslie's Magazine. 

'*The Chenowelih Massacre, &c," 
Series, by Alfred Pirtle — ^Publish- 
ed by the Kentucky State Histor- 
ical Society, Frankfort, Ky. 

Journal of the Royal Colonial 
Institute, London, England. 

Bulletin of the New York Public 
Library, New York. 

Ohio Archaeological & Histor- 
ical Quarterly, October, 1911. 

Magazine and report of Secre- 
tary of Kansas State Historical 
Society, Topeka, Kan. 

From Secretary of the Kentucky 
Historical Society in New Orleans 
—History of the Port ; Louisiana 's 
Invitation; Autographs of Prom- 
inent Men of tihe Confederacy, 
(Soutihem) ; Historical Documents: 
Ceremonies of the one hundredth 
anniversary of the birth of Robert 

International Conciliation, Arbi- 
tration Treaties of 1911 — ^Address 
of the Mayor of New Orleans, La., 
at the Convention of the League of 
American Municipalities, Atlanta, 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorlcal Society. 

Addresses : 

The Relation of the Public to the 
School Boards, by the Hon. W. 0. 
Hart, New Orleans, La. 

Vicksburg for the Tourist, Vicks- 
burg, Mississippi. 

The Confederate Veteran, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Local Preachers in Old Times in 
Kentucky, by Lucius P. Little, 
Owensboro, Ky. 

The 27th Annual Meeting of the 
American Historical Association, 
Buffalo, N. Y., December 27-29-30, 

Travel, Exploration, &«., 83 High 
Street^ Marylebone, London, W. 

Signs of the Times, Mountain 
View, California. 

^^The Quest of Eternal Life.^' 
An exquisite poem by the Eev. F. 
W. Eberhardt, Frankfort, Ky. 

The Kentucky Penitentiary, 
Frankfort, Ky.— We are under ob-. 
ligations to Mr. Mi H. Brown, Jr., 
for this beautiful ^ ' Souvenir. ' ' 
Great credit is due Mr. Brown for 
the manner in which this booklet is 
gotten up. It presents the Prison 
in handsomer dress than it has ever 
been presented before, and the 
Commisision is to be congratulated 
on the splendid condition of the 
Penitentiaries, &c. 

Montihly List of State Publica- 
tions of the Library of Congress, 
Washington, D. C. 

^'Historia,'* The Journal of the 
Oklahoma Historical Society. A 
fine article upon History is the 
leading one in it, followed by a long 
list of donations to the Society 
which evidences it popularity. 

Bibliography of Wisconsin in the 
Civil War, Wisconsin Historical 
Society, Madison, Wisconsin. 

Catalogue of Travels, Explora- 
tion, &c., by Francis Edwards- 
Bookseller, 83 High Street, Maryle- 
bone, London, W. England. 

Mitteilunger, B. T. Teubner, in 

To the Consul, Eome, Italy, 
American Consulate. 

Bulletin of tihe New York Public 
Library, 476 Fifth Avenue, New 

United Empire: 

The Eoyal Colonial Institute 
Journal, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 
L. Y. D., I Amen Corner, London, 
E. C. 

Publications of the Academy of 
Pacific Coast History: 

Expedition on the Sacremento 
and San Joaquin rivers in 1817; 
Diary of Fray Narcisco Duran, 
Berkley, California. 

Proceedings of the 'Sixth Annual 
Conference of Historical Societies : 

Reported by Waldo G. Leland, 
Secretary of the Conference, 
Washington, D. C. 

New England Genealogical and 
Historical Register, Boston, Mass. 

Magazine, Papers and Reports 
of Engineers and Architects Club, 
Louisville, Ky., 1911. 

United Empire. The Royal 
Colonial Institute Journal, Amen 
Corner, London, England. 

The History of Kentucky, by E. 
Polk Johnson, Louisville, Ky. 

Bulletin of the Department of 
History in Queen's University, 
Kingston, Ontario, Canada. 

January, 1912, Monthly Maga- 
zine, D. A. R. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


January. The Quarterly Maga- 
zine of the State Historical Society 
of Texas, Austin, Texas, 1912. 

The Iowa Journal of History 
and Politics, Iowa City, Iowa. 

State Publications, Library of 
Congress, Washington, D. C. 


Sword of Captain William Willis, 
killed in the battle of Buena Vista, 
February 23, 1847. Donated to the 
State Historical Society by Dr. 
Willis, of Lawrenceburg, Ky., and 
presented to it in his name by 
Lieut. Gov. Carter, of Lawrence- 
burg, Ky. 

A steel engraving portrait of E. 
Polk Johnson, author of the His- 
tory of Kentucky, 1911. 

A steel engraving portrait of 
Hon. Thomas D. Osborne, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Also handsome donations of his 
foreign travels to the State Histor- 
ical Society, in the following named 
curios : 

An Egyptian Newspaper— Tttie 
Post, Cairo, Egypt. 

The Gospel of Matthew in 

A copy of the first American 
Celtrotea Daily ''The Graphic.'^ 

A Chinese Booklet, very curious. 

''Ocean Gazettes." 

Many thanks we tender this gen- 
erous hearted gentleman for these 
very interesting curios, and his 
valuable portrait to adorn this col- 
lection, of such an author and 
traveler. (Ed. The Eegister). 

Minutes of the 18th Annual Con- 
vention United Daughters of the 
Confederacy, held in Richmond, 

Virginia, November 7-11, 1911. 
Mrs. McSherry, President; Mrs. 
McKinley, Secretary. 

The United Empire, Eoyal Colo- 
nial Institute Journal, Northum- 
berland Ave., London, England. 

The Journal of the Illinois State 
Historical Society, Springfield, 111. 

Missouri Historical Review, 
Columbia, Mo. 

The First Constitution of Mis- 
souri, by Floyd C. Shoemaker, 
Columbia, Mo. 

Catalogue of Rare Books, Lon- 
don, England. 

Catalogue, Leipsic, Germany. 

T^e Reade Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Association, Secretary 
Charles F. Reade, Wellsley Hills, 
Boston, Mass. 

Library of Congress — ^Monthly 
List of State Publications, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

The National Geographic Maga- 
zine of January, 1912 — ^splendid 
number, Washington, D. C. 

The Commoner, William J. 
Bryan, Editor and Proprietor, Lin- 
coln, Nebraska. 

The American Monthly Maga- 
zine of the D. A. R. Society, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

The Outlook for January, 1912, 
New York. 

Annual Reports of the Phila- 
delphia Museum, from 1904 to 
1910, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Missouri Historical Society Col- 
lections, 1600 Locust Street, St. 
Louis, Mo. 

This number of the Missouri 
Historical Society Magazine is one 
of the most interesting and valu- 
able of its publications. Every 
chapter from the ''Journal of the 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Founding of St. Louis, '* teems with 
interest and valuable information, 
to the last article ** Recollections 
of an old Actor;" we congratulate 
the Society upon its issue. 

The Morton Genealogy, by Dr. 
Daniel Morton, St. Joseph, Mo. 

This valuable Genealogy per- 
tains more especially to the Mor- 
tons of what is known as Southern 
Kentucky, or South-west Ken- 
tucky. The large family by this 
name scattered through different 
parts of the Union from the coun- 
ties in those parts of Kentucky, 
should be very grateful to Dr. 
Daniel Morton for this very valu- 
able and interesting history and 
genealogy of his and tiheir line of 
the Morton family, wihose fore- 
bears still lived in England. The de- 

scendants that remained there, still 
occupy their ancient homes, and 
keep perfect their history. 

''The Unwritten South'' Seventh 
Edition, by J. Clarence Stone- 
braker, Hagerstown, Maryland. 

This tardy book cannot be too 
highly comimended to the readers of 
the South, and the schools of the 
South; Too long has the South 
waited for this history of the cause, 
progress and result of the Civil 
War. Too long has the South al- 
lowed her lost cause to be misrep- 
resented, her patriots and heroes to 
De misunderstood by the world, and 
her school children to be taught in 
many false histories of the victor- 
ious North. Let it arise now— read 
this interesting history, and place 
it in every school in the South. 


Kentucky State Historical 



PER COPY, 25c. 


VOL 10. NO. 30. 




GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY President Ex-Ofllcio 

H. V. McCHESNEY Flret Vlce-Preeldent 

W. W. LONGMOOR Second Vice-President and Curator 

Mi88 SALLY JACKSON Third Vice-President and Librarian 

MRS. JENNIE C. MORTON Riegent and Secretary-Treasurer 


H. V. McCHESNEY, Chairman. 



W. W. LONGMOOR, 2 Ait Chm. 

PROP. G. c. DOWN ma 



Mnst be sent by check or money order. All comanunications for The 
Begister should be addressed to Mbs. Jbknie C. Mobton, Editor and 
Secretary-Treasurer, Kentncky State Historical Society, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mbs. Jennib C. Mobtok, Editor-in-Chief. 

H. V. MoChbsnby, Associate Editor. 


If your copy of The Register is not received promptly, please advise 

us. It is issued in January, May and September. 


If there is a blue X upon the first page of your Register, it denotes that 

your subscription has expired, and that your 

renewal is requested. 

General meeting of the Kentucky State Historical Society, June 7tlif the date of 
Daniel Boone'e first view of the "beautiful level of Kentucky." 

1 1 


Col. J. Stoddabd Johnston, Louisville, K7. 

Hon. L. F. Johnson, Frankfort, Ky. 

Miss Mabtha Stephenson, Harrodsburg, K7. 

Hon. W. W. Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

W. W. LoNGMooB, Frankfort, Ky. 

Pbop. G. C. Downing, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mrs. Ella H. Ellwangeb, Frankfort, Ky. 

Geobqe Babeb, Washington, D. C. 

Db. Thos. E. Pickett, Maysville, Ky. 

A. C. QinsENBEBBY, HyattsviUe, Md. 



1. Historic Hoiikes of Harrodsburg (illustrated). By W. W. 


2. Mrs. Mary De Nevarro of England (nee "Our Mary" Anderson), 

the World Famous Kentucky Actress. By Mrg. Ella H. Ell- 

3. The Three Grovernors. Hiatoric Incident. By Laurie Blakely, 

Covington, Ky. 

4. The Famous IXiel Between John Rowan and Dr. James iOiambers. 
By J. Stoddard Johnston. 

5. Kentucky Troops in the War of 1812. By A. 0. Quisenberry. 

6. Poem Written by Gen. W. O. Butler, on the Battle Field, River 


7. Resignation and the Fabric of Life. Poems by Mrs. Mary L. 

CSady, Deceased, A well Known Poet of Maysville, in the 
Sweet Long Ago. 

8. Poems. "Nature Days in Gold"— J. C. M. "To An Old Friend"— 

J. C. Ml 

9. Sonnet to the Skylark. By A. H. Lindsay. 

10. Sonnet Kentucky Com. By A. H. Lindsay. 

11. Wapping Street, Frankfort, Ky. By Sally Jackson. 

12. Department of Clippings and Paragraphs. 
18. Genealogical Department. 

14. Report of Books, Magazines, &c., for Historical Society Library. 








Harrodsburgy the cradle of our 
proud Commonwealthy was settled 
one hundred and thirty-eight 
years ago. The anniversary of the 
laying out of the town site, in 
which Daniel Boone took part, and 
to whom a lot was assigned, is the 
16th of this month (June, 1912). 
It is natural that this First Settle- 
ment of Kentucky should possess 
many historic homes. Not only 
has this old town given birth to 
great events, but it has furnished 
our nation with a long list of dis- 
tinguished men and women. Every- 
thing is relative; and, while 138 
years is not old compared to the 
civilizations of Europe and Asia, 
this span of years represents the 
oldest in Kentucky. The old fort 
built in 1775-6 occupied one of the 
four squares reserved in the origi- 
nal plan of the town for siohool pur- 
poses. The land office opened in 
1779 was located at Harrodsburg. 
Not only outlying lands, but town 
lots also, were given in considera- 
tion of settlements and improve- 
ments. Just as soon as it was at 
all safe to dwell outside of the 
stockade, lots were improved with 
log dwellings. This was as early 
as 1780. On the east side of War- 
wick street, immediately outside of 
the school reservation which I have 

mentioned, stand today two 
weather-boarded log-houses of two 
stories each which must date back 
to the earliest pioneer days. Each 
of the half -acre lots on which they 
are located was deeded by the trus- 
tees in 1787 in consideration of set- 
tlement and improvement, one to 
Ann Lindsay (McGinty) the other 
to Samuel Dennis. The old Askew 
building on the northeast corner of 
Warwick and Lexiagton (Main- 
Cross) streets for so many years 
occupied by Prof. Eyre Askew, is 
famous as .an old building. In the 
same square, and north of it, is an- 
other log house which is probably 
the improvement for which the lot 
was donated. It was at an early date 
the meeeting place of the M. E. 
Church, when it was owned by Mrs. 
Eebecca Hart. It is practically 
certain that these houses were built 
over a century and a quarter ago, 
just ss soon as the owners could 
safely move out of the stockade. 

On the west side of Warwick 
street, opposite the buildings men- 
tioned, and within a block of the 
site of the old fort, on part of the 
oflginal public square, reserved for 
school purposes, stood until recent- 
ly a two-story log house weather- 
boarded, which is claimed by some 
to have been the oldest building in 
Harrodsburg. It was for some- 


RegisUr of th« Kentucky SUU Hittorleal 8oel«ty. 

time the home of Samuel Daviesa, 
brother of Joseph Hamilton Da- 
viess, both of whom were conspicu- 
ous in Kentucky history. Samuel 
Daviess was the father of Maj. 
Wm. Daviess, who was husband 
of Mrs. Maria T. Daviess. The 
Harrodsburg Historical Society 

has secured by gift of Mr. ^ — 

ClemmenSy all tiie logs of the Lin- 
coln home, on Beachland, Washing- 
ton County, Ky., in which Thomas 
Lincoln and Nancy Hanks were 
married by Kev. Jesse Head, a 
Harrodsburg minister, and in 
which they went to housekeeping. 
The Historical Society will, on its 

lot adjoining the old fort site, soon 
restore the Lincoln home, suppjle- 
menting in the reconstruction with 
materials from the olQ Daviess 
home, recently torn down by 
Squire J. C. Wilson, who has r^ 
placed it with a new building, and 
has given the old material to this 

Close by, on the west side of the 
same street, on one of the four 
blocks <3onstituting the first public 
square, is the interesting old colo- 
nial home of Miss Irene Moore, 
who donated to the Harrodsburg 
Historical Society a part of her lot 
adjoining the old fort site. The 
handsome interior is finished in old 
colonial style and is in keeping 
with the tradition of one 9f Mer- 
cer's oldest and best families. The 
grandfather of Miss Moore, James 
Taylor, was for very many years 
a leading lawyer and public- 
spirited citizen of this place. His 
father was Samuel Taylor, promi- 
nent in the early history of the 
county, who in 1790 built, near 

Pleasant Hill, a stone house which 
is one of the most historic homes of 
Mercer County. 

Every acre of the old Graham 
Springs tract near by, at the south- 
em termination of Warwick street, 
is historic groimd* Before the 
year 1800, Greenville Springs was 
famous as a health resort. It was 
composed of groups of log cabins 
which were occupied by invalids 
who brought their own furniture 
and supplies. To these were aiter- 
wards added commodious frame 
buildings with numerous cottages. 
The Greenville Springs tract em- 
braced 227 aares immediately south 
of the town of Harrodsburg as laid 
out in 1786. A half interest in it 
sold for $13,000, in 1819. In that 
year Dr. Christopher C. Graham 
came to Harrodsburg. He married 
a daughter of IJavid Sutton. 
David Sutton very early acquired 
a number of lots in the southern 
portion of Harrodsburg, including 
the lot on which stood the Harrods- 
burg Academy, the Catholic 
Church lot and the lots south of 
the Perryville turnpike on which 
were built afterwards the Har- 
rodsburg Springs "buildings. In 
Feb., 1827, David Sutton conveyed 
to Christopher Graham 60 or 70 
acres of land in Harrodsburg, in- 
cluding the ** Harrodsburg Springs 
watering place," which Graham 
had been managing some years 
prior thereto, and including the 
land on which stood Sutton's Hat 
Factory. The present parsonage 
of the Catholic Church, a one- 
story brick building with ell, 
formerly the hat facitory, now oc- 
cupied as a dwelling by Father 


i* r.v^ 


tie j-:: 

fore . 




I r 


t » 

• ; 

: t 

f- -t •• 

' ''f 



>•. .. "I 

* I 

• I 

Register of the Kentucky State HPetorical Society. 


Wm. Gabe, is a very old building, 
probably over one hundred years 
old. It was used by Dr. Christo- 
pher Graham as an office when he 
was oondudting the Harrodsburg 
Springs. After acquiring the Sut- 
ton tract, Dr. Graham acquired all 
of the 227-acre tract known as the 
Greenville Springs tract. His 
genius, personal charm and intelli- 
gent energy madte this the most 
popular and famous resort of the 
South and Middle West, indeed, a 
mecca for invalids from many 
parts of the Union. The touch of 
his genius and industry converted 
ragged, broken, treeless lands into 

a landscape garden of exceeding 
beauty adorned' with many species 
of trees obtained from distant 
parts. He first built extensive two- 
story frame houses and long rows 
of one-story cottages and after- 
wards erected an extensive hotel 
and a magnificent ballroom of cor- 
responding size, which could be 
seen miles away looming up in a 
beautiful setting of green. 
Wealthy Southerners came in 
splendid equipages with many ser- 
vants as attendants. In its palmy 
days, there were from four to six 
thousand visitors each season, 
sometimes twelve hundred at a 
time. It was the Saratoga of the 
South. This property was sold to 
the U. S. Government, which con- 
verted it into the Western Military 
Asylum for its invalid soldiers in 
1853, and the main buildings were 
burned in 1865. The b&autiful 
home of our Circuit Clerk, Ben 
Casey AUin, at the famous *'01d 
Saloon,'' whose waters have been 
pronounced superior to that of the 
Saratoga Springs, was last year 

re-conver'ted into a summer resort; 
and the great success at once at- 
tendant gives earnest that it will 
prove a worthy successor to the 
celebrated springs of early days. 

Near by, southeast of this, is 
Beaumont College, formerly 
Daughters College, successor to 
Greenville Institute. I consider it 
the most historic home in all our 
old town. It embraced that part of 
the Greenville Springs tract on 
which the original groups of cabins 
were situated. In 1830, Dr. Chris- 
topher C. Graham sold 24 acres of 
the original tract to Rev. Wm. D. 
Jones, who on it established the 
Greenville Female Academy. He 
sold this property in 1834, to Hon. 
Jas. Harlan, Sr., the father of Hon. 
John M. Harlan and Jas. Harlan, 
Jr., all three lawyers distinguished 
in the history of State and Nation 
for commanding ability. This was 

the home of the Hiarlan family for 
many years, Hon. John M. Harlan 
being one year old when his par- 
ents moved to this place. In 1841 
Mr. Samuel G. MuUins established 
on thio .ract GreenvUle Institute, 
acquiring the property from Hon. 
Jas. Harlan, together with some 
additional land from Dr. Graham. 
The property having burned, 
many public-spirited citizens, fore- 
most of whom were Dr. Graham 
and Jas. Taylor, assisted in re- 
building it. The present buildings 
of Beaumont College ' attest the 
appreciation at an early day of the 
dignified Southern colonial archi- 

In 1856, Dr. C. E. and Prof. Jno. 
Aug, Williams purchased this 
property and established Daugh- 
ters College. 


fl«9l8ter •! th« Kentueky State Hiitorleal toeiHy. 

Time forbids detailed account 
of the great educational work that 
has been accomplished in this his- 
toric and famous home of so many 
illustrious daughters. Almost 
every State has representatives 
who got the inspiration for their 
life work within these walls. 

Adjoining Beaumont College 
is Aspen Hall, the home at pres- 
ent, of Mr. Lafon Biker. Bev. 
James Shannon, President of Ba- 
con College, purchased this land 
from Dr. Chr. Graham in 1846. 
Alexander Douglas in 1863, sold 
this to Hon. John B. Bowman, a 
distinguished educator, who was 
largely instrumental in the estab- 
lishment of Kentucky University, 
first located at Harrodsburg and 
afterwards removed to Lexington, 
and was for very many years its 
president Just across Danville 
avenue from Beaumont and Aspen 
Hall stood the interesting colonial 
mansion of Governor Beriah Ma- 
goffin. It was burned in 1907. 
The mansion stood on the eastern 
part of the old Graham Springs 
tract; but adjoinig this on the east 
was a tract of 459 acres, which was 
acquired by Beriah Magoffin, Sr., 
father of Governor Beriah Magof- 
fin, from the heirs of Johnathan 
Clark, who was a brother of Gen. 
George Rogers Clark. Isaac Hite, 
whose company followed by a few 
weeks the company of Capt Jas. 
Harrod in the spring of 1774, pre- 
empted 1,400 acres of land im- 
mediately east of Harrodsburg, 
and this was afterwards acquired 
by Johnathan Clark. The Magof- 
fin place was one of the most his- 
toric of our homes, and it was a 

genuine distress to many when it 
burned. A modern addition of at- 
tractive homes now occupies its 

Adjoiniiig the Gov. Magoffin 
place on Danville avenue, just 
north is a frame house which was 

built by Mr. Jno. F. B. S. Solomon, 
professor of music in Greenville 

Institute, father of the celebrated 
Dis Debar, who was famous be- 
cause infamous. 

Another handsome old colonial 
home is that of Hon. John B. 
Thompson, on the east side of 
Danville avenue, embracing part 
of the Jonathan Clark tract. It 
was built by Beriah Magoffin, Sr., 
about 100 years ago, and was his 
home until he built the Gov. Ma- 
goffin mansion. On a commanding 
eminence with very large lawn in 
front sloping to the street, this old 
two-story brick building with its 
large columns in front and one- 
story wings presents a most im- 
posing appearance. Of similar 
architecture is the historic Bonta 
Brothers home, on Shawnee Run, 
in the county. This style of colo- 
nial architecture, large commo- 
dious two-story brick with large 
columns in front is represented by 

many noble examples in town and 
county. In the town, in addition to 
Beaumont College and Aspen 
Hall already mentioned, notable 
examples are, the James L. Neal 
home, the Stephenson home, and 
C. D. Thompson home on College 
or Warwick street, and the homes 
of James M. Forsythe, Wm. Spil- 

man, Allan Edelen, Mr. 

Lord, in the country. 

The Stephenson home was for- 

ReglaUr of tb« Kentucky State Hittarleat Society. 


merly the home of Teruh T. Hag- 
gin, the father of Jas. B. Haggin, 
the multi-millionaire, whose gnuiu- 
father, Capt. John Uaggin, was 
one of the first settlers of 
Harrodsburg, and very prominent 
in the early history of Harrods- 
burg and Mercer County. 

The one-story brick building 
with wings now owned and occu- 

Eied by Squire Joe Morgan was 
uilt by Dr. Wm. Kobertson, a 
wealthy physician and manufac- 
turer of this place over one him- 
dred years ago. Near about the 
same time he erected on a portion 
of the premises owned by him a 
very large cotton manufactory, the 

most approved machinery having 
been shipped from the east. This 
property was afterwards acquired 
by Judge Chr. Chinn, father of 
Ex-Senator J. P. Chinn, and one of 
the first merchants of Harrods- 

burg. It was so long the home of 
Judge Chinn who died there that it 

is still known as the '* Chinn 
Place.'' Mrs. Jane T. Cross, the 

talented daughter of Judge Chinn, 
was an authoress of note, one of 
several who have given distinction 
to our historic town. 

Another interesting colonial 
home adjoins the ** Chinn Place," 
and is now owned by Mr. Arthur 
Harbison. It was btult about the 
same time by Ool. Bichard M. Sut- 
field. Its unique front with portico 
and columns, faces the south and 
not Main street to the east, which 
now apj)ears unusual, but, when it 
was built, it faced Factory street 
in front, to whioh the large lawn 
extended. Col. Sutfield afterwards 
built the brick dwelling owned by 

Miss BusseU Alexander, another 
old colonial building on the south 
end of his large lot. For some time 
the Harbison place was the home 
of Mr. Morgan Vance, who married 
Susan Thompson, daughter of Col. 
Geo. C. Thompson and grand- 
daughter of Cal. Geo. Thompson, 
who at one time owned nearly ten 
thousand acres of fine land in Mer- 
cer County. Dr. Ap. Vance is a son 
of Morgan Vance. Col. Geo. 
Thompson at his home place in the 
county entertained in almost 

royal style. His son, William 
Thompson, built a fine gothic 
dwelling of 30 rooms on the old 
homestead, and this was after- 
wards the home of Col. J. P. 
Chinn. It burned some years ago. 

In the northern limits of our 
town stands another colonial brick 
building about a hundred years 
of age. It was built by Judge Jno. 
L. Bridges, who married a daugh- 
ter of Governor John Adair, and 
who was for over a third of a cen- 
tury Judge of the Mercer Circuit 
Court. It was for a very long 
while owned bytheBurford fam- 
ily, afterwards by Dr. Chas. H. 
Spilman, and now by Mr. Joseph 

The interesting colonial build- 
ing now occupied by Pr. W. 
P. Harvey, was built at an early 
date (near 100 years ago) by Hon. 
John B. Thompson, father of the 
sometime gifted Senator John B. 
Thompson. Adioining this prop- 
erty is that of Mr. A. G. Woods, 
formerly owned by his father, 
Archibald Woods, who was also 
the ancestor of Harrodsburg's 
poet laureate and literateur, Mr. 


Register of the Kentueky State Hietorlcal Seclety. 

Henry Cleveland Woods. This 
brick dwelling is more than three- 
quarters of a century old. It 
stands within fifty yards of the 
site on which the five or six cabins 
were built by Harrod's Company 
in 1774. The land of Archibald 
Woods embraced many acres in 
that portion of the town, including 
the site where Harrod's Company 
first encamped and built their 
cabins as the nucleus of Ken- 
tucky's First Settlement. 

Harrodsburg has other homes 
of historic value by reason of as- 
sociation with important person- 
ages and events; but, in my lim- 
ited time, I have confined myself 
to those I consider most conspic- 

I close with the earnest prayer 
that we learn to prize and treas- 
ure more the wealth of historic 
material and association which 
fortune has so generously be- 
queathed to our ** Old Town.'* 





(Nee MARY ANDERSON, the Actress) 





By Ella Hutchison Ellwangbb. 

With the production of Hich- 
ens* ** Garden of Allah,** and the 
return of Mary Anderson to this 
country to colaborate with the 
author in staging this wonderful 
production, the old theatregoers 
of Frankfort have forgotten to 
discuss the new,, frothy plays of 
today and their minds have 
turned back to the day when the 
'^Old Major Hall,*' a dingy 
cramped amusement place, was 
known to all the habitues of the 
little Capital of Frankfort as the 
*' opera house.'* 

This house, remodeled again 
and again, is still intact and has 
a glory all its own, for did not 
Mary Ajiderson, ''Our Mary," 
play here one blissful night— pass- 
ing from Louisville, I think, to 
O wensboro 1 

A group of old ladies were dis- 
cussing her flying visit to America 
and lamenting that never again 
would they be able to see such an- 
other ** Juliet,'* when one of the 
three softly opened the top 
drawer of a tall mahogany ** high- 
boy** and drew from it a box of 
souvenirs of days of auld lang 

I watched, curiously enough, 
while with reverent and shaking 
fingers she laid on the table a lock 
of downy hair tied with a faded 

blue ribbon ; then a tiny white sock 
and a baby*s lace yoke made of 
rolled and whipped puffing and 
lace insertion; then came a tiny, 
yellow baby cap and at the bottom 
of the box was a yellow and 
cracked hand-bill. This with 
careful fingers and with a reminis- 
cent smile playing about the cor- 
ners of her mouth, she spread out 
before the three pairs of curious 

Then, bless their hearts, those 
three dear old women all gabbled 
at once. One remembered this 
thing, and didn't the others? 
When I could I got the bill and 
found it was issued by a Mr. Hall, 
who was the lessee of the '* opera 
house" at that time, and who had 
issued this small hand-bill written 
in the bombastic style of some 
forty years ago. 

**Our Mary" must have indeed 
been a sweet and charming 
** Juliet." Between the three 
women I gathered that she wore 
her hair in very girlish fashion, 
tha^t of hanging down her back 
and tied from her face with a 
white ribbon. The white satin 
dress was ** borrowed** from her 
very dear friend, Mrs. Bacheal 
Macauley, the wife of Mr. Barney 
Macauley, who gave her her first 


Regitter of th« Kentucky State Historical Society. 

opportunity of appearing before 
a Louisville audience. 

This appearance in the old Ma- 
cauley Theater in Louisville was 
Mary Anderson's first appear- 
ance on any stage and that, too, 
with only one rehearsal. This 
would not have been so bad had 
the rest of the cast been letter 
perfect. But the cast was a local 

one and eyed the young tragedy 
queen with ill-concealed smiles 
and frivolous remarks. 

The following may give an idea 
of the bombastic criticisms of that 
day and generation, a criticism 
that would bring forth screams of 
laughter in the down-to-date 
newspapers of today: 

(Crowned In Louisville.) 





'•THB PI.AY'8 THB THING' '-aaJtasp^aro. 



Mr. T. A. Hall respectfully announces 
the appearance in this city of the 

Joutbfdiand Distmguisb^ Tragedieim^ 



Whose extraordinary powers have 


From thronged and brilliant audiences, and 

gained most enthusiastic praise from 

the ablest oritic's 


M2is8 Andeivon's career has been quite 
phenomenal. The annals of the stage cer- 
tainly present no other case where a girl 
of tender years, trained in the comparatfye 
iecluslon of a beautiful home, bas suddenly 
grasped the liighest honors of the stage, 
and in an experience of fbut a few months, 
been classed by able critics with sucb ar- 
tiatetf as Ftony Kemble, Julia Dean, and 
CharlottfB Cushman. 



In Lord Lytton's famous and most popu- 
lar play, the ''X4idy of Lyons, or Love and 
Pride," is regarded as one of Miss Andef^ 
toon's most finished and beautiful ipersonft- 
tiOBs. Hef years^ her queenly pnesemce aad 
fraceful "beftrtnc specially fltUmg her te 
fepresent the proud beauty of Bolwer'p im- 
passioned loTe story. 

This young lady who has won a large 
celebrity in a stage experience of less than 
two years, was bom in Sacramento, Cal., 
in October, 1859. and is conaequenUy but 
seventeen years old. This seems almost 
Incredible In view of her admiraible rendi- 
tion of such characters as Lady Macbeth 
and Meg Merrilles. Her parents removed to 
loulsvlUe, Ky., wlien she waa almost a bab«. 
She comes of excellent family, both of her 
parenU being persons of high culture. Her 
father died several yean ago, and her 
mother married Dr. Hamilton Griffin, a phy- 
sician of considerable standing in Louisville, 
and' belonging to a family known through- 
out Kentucky for fine literary tastes. At 
a very early age she oould recite passages 
from Shakespeare, and seemed particularly 
fond of Richard the Third, When she first 
formed the intention of going upon the stage 
this was the character she wished to afppear 
in, but she was persuaded not to do so by 
her fHeads. Miss Anderson suide htfr de- 
but, as Juliet, InLeuisviUe, on tlie evening 
of the 27tb of November, 1875, and was Im- 
mediately extended an engagement by Mr. 
Macauley, the well-known manager of the 
Opera House. Her career since that %\t ^^ 
has been one of unchecked success, and ibe 
has appeared in several of the larger 
southern and westdfti theatres. In disposi- 
tion is singularly kind and lovable. Her 


greatest delight is sunshine and the open 
air. When at home she walk« out in all 
sorts of weather, never carrying protection 
against sun and seldom any against rain. 
As a student in studying her parts her 
methods are peculiar. She is perfectly 
familiar with Shakespeare'tf contempora- 
ries, and is well up in the writings of 
Dante, Homer and Plutarch. In Plutarch's 
Lives she takes special delight, and 
ae a pastime loves to go through Homer's 
Iliad, and trace where Shakespeare and 
Schiller obtained many of their most vital 
ideas and some of their most catchy sen- 
tences. The works of these writers she 
constantly carries with her. A copy of the 
Iliad she uses Is a curiosity In the way ot 
marginal notes, giving the play, the part, 
and even the circumstances by which the 
lines have been transferred by some other 
writer, and tpolntlng out the changes made 
to cover the same. In the parlor Miss 
Anderson is exceedingly simple and modest 
In her manner; having neither affectation 
nor falsely assumed reserve. She is con- 
stantly acompanied by her mother, in whose 
advice she places her whole confidence. Her 
stepfather attends to her business and 
leaves her entirely free to study. Her first 
question to her mother on arising is 
"Mother what do the papers say of my 
acting last night?" but she never reads 
them herself unless the criticism contains 
some remark of unusual significance. She 
seems unconscious of her fast advancing 
fame and studies with great assiduity. — 
Washington Star. 

"The NaUon" alludes in the following 

terms to the appearance of Miss Mary 

Anderson in Washington. 

Her acting was simply marvelous with 
here and there, but rarely, a deflection. iSke 
reached the fullness of every opportunity 
in speech, in gesture, and action. Her im- 
passioned prayer, the interruption, the greet- 
ing of her lover, were marked with a power 
totally beyond her years, and which, cer- 
tainly, when she has become recognized as 
a great actress, she cannot expect to ex- 
cel. The confession of her love was a bit 
of sweet acting that few, after seeing Mac- 
beth or her Meg Merrilles, could expect. 
The richness of her lower tones, usually 
shown in entreaty, was heard with fine ef- 
fect in the last act. In the role of Berthe, 
we can safely say Miss Anderson has 
achieved another triumph, of equal quality 
to those secured as Meg Merrilles and Lady 
Macbeth, without another look to her fast 
increasing repertoire, three of the grandest 
roles of the drama now in existence. 

As this is probably the last criticism or 
review of Miss Anderson that we eball givt 
this season, we deem it proper to say, that 
unbiased by the seeming flattering notices 
given by our exchanges, we have from the 
night of witnessing her first performance 
been actuated by a sense of justice to the 
patrons of the stage and to the stage itself, 
and while not picking up every trifling flaw 
and growling about it, we have at the same 
time been on the lookout for the dangers 
of "gUG^." Both 'have been avoided, and 
our conclusion is that Mary Anderson, is 
already a great and careful actress, not in 
the very highest polish, hut of sufficient 
merit to place her beside the great Char- 
lotte Cushman, with probabilities out- 
stripping the triumph of even that unex- 
celled tragedienne. 



Will appear at 


In her admired personation of 


In Lord Lytton's briUiant and fayorite flve- 
act play, entitled the 



The cast including all the prominent artlsta 

of the Company. 

She will appear at 




The sale of seats will commence in each 
city one week in advance. 

The character pictures of Miss Mary 
Anderson, prepared by "Mora/' the distin- 
guished New York artist, are :beautiful 
epecimens of photographic art. A limited 
number of copies will be placed on sale in 
advance of Miss Anderson's appearance. 

Miss Anderson will be supfported by a 
company of excellent artists. 

Lady Macbeth of Miss Mary Anderson. 

It was pleasant to find last Tiitfiit that 
Miiss Mary Anderson's Lady Macbeth waB 
all that we had anticipated, and more. The 
acting of this gifted lady in "Romeo and 
Juliet," in "Guy Mannering" and "Svadne" 
had prepared her audience for a succeiNiful 
rendering of a more exacting character, but 
they could not have expected the distinct- 

ness and deflnlteness of o^nception, and 
sustained power, which mark. Miss Ander- 
son's rendering of the part in whicSi the 

Queens of the fitage have won the rarest 


From the moment that M3bs Anderson ap- 
peared upon the stage, last night, she had 
entire command of tiie audience. Winning 
enough, in gracious beauty, to hold the 
heart of a sterner man than Mr. Boniface's 

The acting and declamation of Miss An- 
derson were superb. It was the height of 
art to allow passionate love misdirected to 
gleam through the chinks of her ambitious 
plotting. The Lady Macbeth of Miss An- 
derson is womanly even in its excesses. 
Even as thoughts of her children flit 
across her mind as she screws Macbeth's 
courage to the striking point, so in Dun- 
can's chamber she recalls an earlier tie — 

"Had he not resembled 
My father as he slept, I had done it** 

At the close of the second act Miss An- 
derson was called before the curtain. The 
third act wac splendidly played. Attired 
in royal robes, with the flailing diadem 
upon her shapely head. Lady Macbeth has 
reached the towering height to which she 
aspired. Yet is she saddened by tihe thought 
that Macbeth is ill at ease. Mtore murders 
must ensue; Macbeth, familiar with blood, 
contrives the assassination of Banquo. In 
this he needs no urging. Nay, he fears per- 
haps dissuasion, for he bids his wife be 
innocent of the knowledge of what is in- 
tended, until she may "applaud the deed." 
It was a wonderfully realistic picture. Lady 

Macbeth, with smiling face, solicitous for 
the comfort of her friends, still casts anx- 
ious glances at perturbed Macbeth. She 
is ill at ease; and the audience know it. 


thought her frtends do not. Vainly she at* 
tempta to conceal or explain away her lord's 
in-flrmity. For him, exhortation and en- 
treaty; tor the wondering nohlea, the eug- 
geation that if they note him, they ehall 
extend (his paaslon. It ie more than even 
she can compaas. Half-erazed with anguiah, 
she bids the peers go; and then, hearts 
broken, crushed hy contending emotions, 
she fell with an agonising shriek at the feet 
of him for whom fftie dared so much, turn- 
ing to him, even in that supreme moment. 

a face lighted up )and glorified 4>y Ioys. 
Genius alone can inspire acting at onoe so 
natural and so affecting. As the curtain 
fell there was a moment of breaUies silence, 
followed by deafening applause* which waft 
redoubled as the fair player bowed her ac- 
knowledgments The soUlOQuy in the fourth 
act, admirably as it was delivered, was com- 
monplace in comparison with the superb 
acting at the banquet That fiingle acens 
was enough to establish a reputation.— 
News and Courier. 

How many other yellowing pro- 
grammes are hidden away in 
boxes with other precious souve- 
nirs in Frankfort, I wonder? 

When one thinks of the age of 
the young actress; her determina- 
tion to make a reputation on the 
stage, the meager help she re- 
ceived, the stinging criticisms she 
had to endure, one wonders, while 
admiring the efforts, how she had 
the courage in the face of it all to 
go on. Seventeen I A child almost, 
and one who had but just left the 
high walls of a convent. It makes 
one subscribe to the statement: 
**That genius is the capacity for 
taking pains.** 

It is the early struggle and the 
early success and the early life 
work of ''Our Mary** that is most 
interesting to theatregoers and 
the lovers of genius. Later life with 
its success and adulation does 
not bring the same thrill to either 
the performer or to the lookers 
on. It is the struggle, the ob- 
stacles surmounted that appeal to 
human nature and the best in us, 
and make us take heart of grace 

and in the very face of defeat to 
snatch victory. 

So, in this short sketch a few of 
this wonderful woman's early 
trials and early work will be 
given. The successful years we 
know of. Her recent visit to this 
country for the purpose of colab- 
orating with Hichens for the 
dramatization of the ''Garden of 
Allah'* is still being talked of in 
theatrical circles, and her still 
more recent determination to visit 
Ireland and assist in dramatizing 
the Irish Folk Plays has revived 
the talk that Mrs. Antonio de Na- 
varro may be thus induced to re- 
turn to the stage. 

This famous woman, as most of 
us know, first saw the light of 
day in a small California town. 
Her mother, who married the man 
of her choice against the wishes 
of her parents, was but nineteen 
years of age and was so greatly 
distressed at the ugly, little red 
face of the little Mary Anderson, 
that to the consoling remark of 
the nurse that she would some day 
be very proud of her, was childish 

Register of th« Kentucky State Historical Society. 


enough to answer most emphati- 
cally, ** never.'* 

Mrs. de Navarro's parents left 
Sacramento when she was quite a 
baby and wishing to be near some 
relative Mrs. Anderson located in 
Louisville, Kentucky, to be near 
her brother-in-law, who was at 
that time a pastor of a small Ger- 
man congregation. Her parents 
had not forgiven her for marrying 
against their wishes and she felt 
the need of a friend during the 
frequent absences of her husband 
in England. 

This uncle became the guardian 
of little ** Mamie*' Anderson after 
her father's early death. 

It was at the age of twelve, 
when Dr. GriflSn, who had in his 
youth prided himself on his acting 
as an amateur, took down a vol- 
ume of Shakespeare, and said to 
the -small and precocious Miss 
Anderson: '*I am going to read 
Hamlet to you." 

Only a few days after this she 
astonished the family by appear- 
ing before them enveloped in a 
large army cloak of Dr. Grifl5n 
and scowling tremendously be- 

"Angels and ministers of grace, defend us. 
Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damned." 

Her next performance was in 
the kitchen, before the small maid 
of all work. This maid, being 
duly impressed slipped out to call 
her ''ma" and Dr. GriflSn, who 
was the family critic. 

This time it was the fourth act 
of the Lady of Lyons and Dr. 
GrifBn clapped his hands and 
called out: 

''Bravo, you'll make a good 
actress some day." 

It was after many years of 
labor and no engagement seemed 
possible for the little stage-struck 
girl. Dr. Griffin, her step-father, 
at last appealed to Mr. John Mc- 
CuUough to give her an audience 
and tell them frankly what he 
thought of her chances. 

After behaving somewhat bear- 
ishly over the matter and warning 
the little girl he j^rould unsparing- 
ly criticise her ^ork, Mary An- 
derson went through the portico 
scene of "Eomeo and Juliet" for 
him. When she had finished his 
manner had changed and he spent 
several hours going through 
scenes with her from all she knew. 

After this her real and first 
chance of appearing on a Louis- 
ville stage came through her 
friend, Mr. Barney Macauley. 
Mr. Macauley 's wife was a fa- 
mous actress and both interested 
themselves in the young actress 
and gave her the chance of ap- 
pearing for the first time on any 

In the serious illness of an 
actress who could not fill the lat- 
ter half of the week at Macauley 's 
Theatre, Mr. Macauley sent for 
Miss Anderson. 

' ' Could you act for me the night 
after tomorrow!" 

"Could she!" Here was her 
tide and she took it at the flood. 
With only one rehearsal Miss An- 
derson appeared the next night in 
borrowed, white satin gown, and 
played Juliet to a crowded Louis- 
ville house. 

Harsh criticisms followed. 

24 RtglsUr of tha Kantueky 8utt Hlatorlul Soclrty. 

Fellow actors were nnkiiid and friends knew her, never once lost 

openly disdainfnl. Travel was her ideal and how bi^h it waa 

not easy and debts grew. planted by her slender young 

In the face of it all, little hands is history— world's history. 
"Mamie" Anderson, as Louisville 








In the first half of the last cen- 
tury a great many duels were 
fought in Kentucky, the custom 
having been inherited from Vir- 
ginia, where, as in Great Britain, 
it had long prevailed. The par- 
ticipants were generally men of 
prominence in public life, not- 
withstanding the practice was 
condemned by law, with heavy 
penalties attached, but rarely en- 
forced. The custom was only 
eradicated in Kentucky when the 
Constitution of 1850 went into ef- 
fect, which provided that any per- 
son who should directly or indi- 
rectly give or accept a challenge, 
or knowingly carry one, should be 
deprived of the right to hold any 
oflSce of honor or profit. It also 
required all oflScers, before enter- 
ing upon their duties, to take an 
oath that they had not fought a 
duel, sent or accepted a challenge 
or acted as second in carrying one 
to fight a duel with any citizen of 
this State. Since then duelling in 
Kentucky has ceased, the CJonsti- 
tution of 1892 containing the same 

It is not my purpose in this 
paper to say anything further 
upon the general subject, but to 

confine myself to the particulars 
of one of the first duels in Ken- 
tucky of general interest, and to 
correct many erroneous state- 
ments concerning it by giving, as 
succinctly as possible, the facts 
regarding it, which for more than 
a century have been incorrectly 
given. This was the duel between 
John Bowan and Dr. Jaimes 
Chambers. The generally ac- 
cepted account has been that the 
difficulty which occurred between 
the principals leading to the duel 
took place at Frankfort and was 
fought in that vicinity, the sec- 
onds of Judge Rowan being given 
as Joseph Hamilton Daviess and 
John Allen, his classmates. This 
account was very elaborately pre- 
sented in Harper *s Magazine for 
August, 1860, by R. T. Coleman, 
the place and all particulars not 
according with the facts. In the 
Courier-Journal of November, 
1897, there appeared an article 
upon Daviess, in which the duel 
is stated to have been fought 
about 1797, and that Daviess 
was Rowan's second. Thesfe 
statements, supplemented by 
many in intervening years, have 
never, as far as I have seen, been 


Rtgiater of tht Kentucky State HIetorleal Society. 

corrected. Having recently 
come into possession of the facts 
as to the time, place and parties 
connected with the duel, I propose 
to give them as succinctly as the 
nature of the case will admit. 

The personal difficulty which 
led to the duel which was fought 
near Bardstown, occurred in that 
place on the night of January 
29th, 1801, and the duel was 
fought in that vicinity February 
3rd, the challenge having been 
sent by Dr. Chambers January 
31st. These facts, together with 
the particulars of the duel, I re- 
cently found 'ip a letter from 
Judge George M. Bibb, one of the 
most prominent Kentuckians of 
that day, the second of Judge 
Bowan, in the Palladium, a week- 
ly published in Frankfort in the 
following spring. It being dif- 
ficult to condense the facts ante- 
cedent to the duel I have deemed 
it best to give the letter so far as 
it relates to the essential points, 
in full: 

Letteb Fbom Judge Bibb. 

To the Editor of the Palladium; 


For the benefit of those who 
loving truth have been, or might 
be misled by the many false re- 
ports which have been industri- 
ously circulated respecting a duel 
between Dr. Chambers, deceased, 
and Mr. Rowan, I request you to 
publish this letter, together with 
the enclosed certificates, &c., re- 
ferred to herein. This publication 
would not have been made until 
the return of Major Bullock from 
New Orleans but for the manner 

in which the subject has beeii in- 
troduced into your paper of the 
28th of April. For the causes of 
the quarrel between the Doctor 
and Mr. Rowan, I refer to the 
certificates marked No. 1 and 2, as 
also the copies of the Doctor's 
letter No. 3. 

On the 1st of February Mr. 
Rowan and myself returned from 
Bullitt County, I not until late in 
the evening where we had been 
the preceding week. The next 
morning Mr. Rowan showed me 
a note from Dr. Chambers of the 
31st of January, requesting Mr. 
Rowan to make known his time 
and place of meeting, as well as 
his friend's name, to which he re- 
turned an answer the same day 
by me, as his friend, appointing 
the next morning as also a place. 
In the evening of the 2nd of Feb- 
ruary Major Bullock and myself 
met at Mr. Wilson's tavern where 
we had a conversation in which 
Major Bullock expressed a desire 
that an accommodation to the 
satisfaction of both might be 
reached. I supposed that could 
not be unless the Doctor would 
withdraw his note of the 31st of 
January. We then had some con- 
versation about the manner of 
firing. Major Bullock proposed 
that they should aim and fire by 
the word, I that tHey should stand 
with their backs toward each 
other, in that position wait for the 
word, then face and fire at pleas- 
ure. Nothing of distance was 
proposed on that evening, but 
that and the manner of firing was 
postponed, to be agreed on in the 

Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 


n. Accordingly, when the 
parties alighted from their horses, 
Major Bullock and myself were 
apart from the Doctor and Mr. 
Rowan, to agree upon the subjects 
postponed from the preceding 
evening. Major Buillock again 
spoke of an endeavor to accom- 
modate the difference. I still 
thought it could not be made un- 
less the Doctor's note should be 
withdrawn, to which the Major 
would not assent. The distance 
was then mentioned. Major Bul- 
lock said he supposed the usual 
distance; I requested him to men- 
tion it; he said ten steps, to which 
I agreed immediately, but said he 
might add two steps, which he not 
choosing to do, the distance re- 
mained as agreed upon. We then 
agreed they should, at that dis- 
tance, stand with their backs, each 
toward the other, and wait for the 
word '*fire;" after which they 
should face and fire when they 
pleased. To prevent doubt it was 
particularly mentioned and 
agreed, that each might hold his 
pistol as he pleased, and use in 
firing one or both hands. No 
other propositions than these, as 
to distance or firing, were made or 
signified to me, and these at such 
a distance, and in such a voice that 
I do not hesitate to say that they 
were not heard by the Doctor or 
Mr. Rowan. The Doctor and Mr. 
Rowan had rode out in their great 
coats, which they took off before 
the pistols were handed to them. 
As agreed upon they fired, each 
long after they had faced, Mr. 
Rowan first and then the Doctor. 
Mr. Rowan rested his pistol on his 

left hand— the Doctor his on the 
left arm above the elbow. The de- 
liberate and long aim of each 
prompted each of their friends to 
ask, if they were hurt. Dr. Cham- 
bers said first **No,'' Mr. Rowan 
also said *'I am not," to which the 
Doctor replied, ^'I am sorry for 
it;" Mr. Rowan said ''Well, try it 
again," the Doctor said, 


As agreed upon from the first 
they fired the second round, the 
Doctor first, the interval between 
their fires just distinguishable, 
and shorter than before, each rest- 
ing his pistol as formerly and tak- 
ing deliberate aim. The Doctor 
fell. Major Bullock and myself 
ran to his assistance. We 
searched, but searched too low for 
the wound. The Doctor was un- 
able to tell us, not knowing where. 
Major Bullock then opened the 
Doctor's waistcoat, raised his 
left arm and found it. I saw the 
wound. But little blood had 
issued. I went to Mr. Rowan and 
told him I thought the wound was 
mortal; he answered "I am 
sorry," and going to the Doctor 
he said he supposed there was no 
further use for him. Major Bul- 
lock replied, "No." Mr. Rowan 
was going, but turning to the Doc- 
tor, with the pledge of his, Mr. 
Rowan's honor to serve him, and 
offered to send his carriage for 
the Doctor. Major Bullock had 
bound up the wound and was sup- 
porting him. The Doctor was 
restless and requested me to ex- 
tend his left leg and unbound the 
joint of the knee, in doing which 
my head was near that of Major 


R«flltt«r of th« Ktntucky State Hiotorleal 8oeiety« 

Bullock 'Sy which opportunity he 
took of requesting me to go to 
town and tell Mr. Caldwell to send 
for the Doctor. I hastened to my 
horse and on him was passing to 
see the Doctor. Major Bullock 
desired me to hasten. Mr. Cald- 
well was absent from the town. I 
informed Mr. McClean of my busi- 
ness. The news spread and the 
whole town was in haste to see the 
Doctor. I returned as soon as 
possible with Doctor Chapieze. 

In the interview at Mr. Eowan's 
house a few hours after we had 
parted from the Doctor, Mr. 
Rowan observed that Major Bul- 
lock had taken whiffs at his words 
to the Doctor when wounded, for 
which he was sorry and they were 
spoken without any intention of 
giving offense, under the impres- 
sion that having been called there 
to satisfy the Doctor, it was 
proper to have his leave to depart, 
not judging the wound would 
prove so quickly mortal. Major 
Bullock told me he thought Mr. 
Bowan was wrong. I then told 
the Major of what Mr. Bowan had 
said, in the interview above, of his 
answer to my telling him of the 
wound and mentioned his last 
words to the Doctor, which 
seemed to change the Major's 
opinion, but he still expected Mr. 
Bowan to mention the subject. 
When I saw Mr. Bowan next he 
had discussed with the Major 
and satisfied him completely, of 
which had I doubted Major Bul- 
lock's conduct to Mr. Bowan 
would have been ample proof. 

Major Bnllock never sent any 
challenge to Mr. Bowan by me. 

Whether it be criminal in men to 
suffer their prejudices and pas- 
sions to gain ascendency over 
their reason or judgment, I have 
not leisure to discuss. But, Mr. 
Printer, I believe, had the enemies 
of Mr. Bowan opposed to their 
prejudices a small exertion of 
reason and dispassionate inquiry 
about this unfortunate single com- 
bat, the certificates on that subject 
would not have differed from 
those I herewith transmit to you, 
marked No. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, ex- 
cept that some of them would have 
been rendered unnecessary. For 
myself I say they fought bravely 
and honestly. The wound was in 
the left side, so that the arm, if 
suffered to hang at ease would 
have covered it. And here let me 
refer to a certified copy of the 
inquisition marked No. 10, and 
also to the certificates marked No. 
11, 12 and 13. These it is hoped, 
Mr. Printer, will wipe the stain 
from the honor of the deceased, 
which the report of his having 
been shot in the back would seem 
to impart and which he so little 

And now Sir, through this me- 
dium, I beg forgiveness of the real 
friends of the deceased. Should 
this remind them of his brave, yet 
modest and unassuming worth, 
renew their sorrows, let me plead 
the sacred majesty of truth, the 
respect due the sacred memory of 
the dead, and the importance of 
his good name to the living. 
Counting myself in the number of 
his friends, it is a pleasure I ea^ 
we never had a single iar and with 
consolation I rememberi after he 

R«gitt«r or th« Ktntucky 9Ui% Historical 8«tltty. 


was senfiible of death's approach, 
my hands administered drink at 
his request and my ears heard him 
express it. 

Yonr fellow citizen, 

Geobqe M. Bibb. 
Bardstown, May, 1801. 

The certificates referred to in 
the foregoing letter are too long 
to be inserted here. The main 
facts established by them are, 
first, as to the time and circum- 
stances of the personal diflSculty 
between the principals which led 
to the challenge. The common 
version has been that Mr. Bowan 
and Dr. Chambers had been en- 
gaged with two others in a game 
of whist when the former having 
said something offensive to Dr. 
Chambers the latter rejoined 
sharply, causing Mr. Bowan to 
reply in such harsh terms as led 
Dr. Chambers to send a challenge 
which resulted in his death. As 
previously stated, the incident is 
said to have occurred at Frank- 
fort, but the letter of Judge Bibb 
and the certificates cited in it show 
that it took place in Bardstown at 
night, in a room at McLean's 
tavern, in which a game of whist 
was also going on between four 
persons, but that Mr. Bowan and 
Dr. Chambers were engaged in a 
game known by its French name. 
Vingt-un, once popular in Ken- 
tucky within the memory of many 
living, but of late years quite out 
of fashion. It was a convivial 
gathering and beverages frequent, 
being ohiefly of ale of strong 
quality, in which both Bowan and 
Chambers indulged freely. The 

first evidence which those at the 
other table observed induced the 
belief that it was a harmless ex- 
change of epithets imtil blows fol- 
lowed and Chambers said that he 
would challenge Bowan and if he 
did not fight he would publish him 
as a coward in every gazette in the 
State. This specific statement is 
from the certificate of Thomas 
Hubbard, one of the persons at 
the other table. It will be ob- 
served that just after the occur- 
rence Mr. Bibb states that he aud 
Mr. Bowan went to Bullitt County, 
which adjoins Nelson, of which 
Bardstown is the county seat, re* 
turning on the 1st of February, 
and next morning the challenge of 
Dr. Chwnbers was recoived, and 
the duel fought on the 3rd. 

The communication ef Judge 
Bibb which I have given, accom- 
panied by the statements of 
others cognizant of the salient 
facts preceding the duel, is not 
only interesting as giving the 
only true history of the event, 
with the correct date and location 
of the duel, but is also valuable as 
giving to posterity the full details 
of the manner in which duels of 
that and succeeding days were 
conducted elsewhere in this coun- 
try and in Europe, the variation 
being in the choice of weapons, al- 
though pistols were the favorite 
weapons as compared with rifles 
and swords. It would be difficult 
to find a better description of a 
custom once so widely practiced, 
but now, fortunately, so complete* 
ly relegated to the past. 

There is one other feature of 
historic incident which gives 


Il«gi8ttr of th« Mntucfcy ttatt Hittorical •oelHr. 

to it individuality— a degree of 
special interest. They were all 
young, being between twenty-five 
and thirty. Less is known of Dr. 
Chambers than of the other three, 
owing to the fact that the others 
achieved reputations from their 
prolonged lives. He was a phy- 
sician of high standing in the com- 
munity and socially also, having 
married the daughter of Benja- 
min Sebastian, a gentleman of 
English birth who came to Louis- 
ville at an early day and was one 
of the first Judges of the Court of 
Appeals. The most prominent 
among the other three may be 
said to have been Judge Bibb, a 
Virginian, bom in 1776, and a 
graduate of both Hampden Sid- 
ney and of William and Mary Col- 
leges, moving to Lexington in 1796, 
where he began the" practice of 
law. In 1808 he was appointed 
Judge of the Court of Appeals 
and in the following year Chief 
Justice. Resigning in 1810 he was 
appointed in 1827 Chief Justice 
for the second time, but resigned 
the following year. He was twice 
elected U. S. Senator, first in 1811, 
resigning in 1814, and secondly in 
1829, serving the full term of six 
years. From 1833 to 1844 he was 
Chancellor of the Louisville Chan- 
cery Court, but in the latter year 
resigned to become secretary if 
the U. S. Treasury, serving the 
term of four years. He died April 
14, 1859. 

John Bowan, the surviving prin- 
cipal in the duel, was older than 
Judge Bibb, having been born in 
Pennsylvania in 1773. In 178i3 
his father, who was a Revolution- 

ary soldier, settled in Louisrille. 
resumed his education in tiie 
higher branches in a classical 
school in Bardstown, kept by Dr. 
Priestly. He was admitted to tie 
bar in 1795, and began the prae 
tice of law in Lexington. He to 
a member of the Conventioi 
which formed the Constitution of 
1799, appointed Secretary of 
State in 1804, and in 1805 elected 
to Congress. After serving sev- 
eral terms in the Legislature, ie 
was appointed Judge of the Court 
of Appeals. In 1824 he was 
elected to the United States Sen 
ate and served the full teim 
This was his last elective office, 
his only other public service bein^ 
that of Commissioner to adjust the 
Claims of citizens of the Vmt^ 
States against Mexico. Ill healtb 
restricted future public service 
and he died at his residence ^ 
Louisville, July 13th, 1843, in i^^ 
seventieth year. 

The prominence attained J^ 
public life by two of the partici- 
pants in this famous duel is gi^^^ 
here to show the mental calibre f 
those who took part in duels i^ 
Kentucky, and it may be said that 
instead of its being a^ drawbacir 
upon their promotion it was, on 
the contrary, a potent element oi 
their success in life, especially ^ 
the political arena. If we scsn 
the long list of duelists among 
Kentuckians who rose to P^^^j' 
positions of high grade. State ana 
national, despite their participa- 
tion in the practice of duelliBg» ^^ 
shall find that they constitute/ 
very large majority over the vio- 
lators of the then existing J»^ 


is 1 


!^ - 

r • 

Register of th« Kentucky State Historical Society. 


against the practice. In view of 
snch conditions what praise, com- 
mensurate with their valuable ser- 
vice both to the State and en- 
lightened civilization can we 
award to the members of our Con- 

stitutional (invention of 1850, 
who put an end to this relic of bar- 
barism by the prohibitory clause 
therein embodied? Esto per- 

J. Stoddabd Johkston. 







By Laurie J. Blakely, Covington, Kentucky. 

The ''Fifty Years Since'' 
stories of the war between the 
States deal only with the battles 
of the conflict, the newspapers 
seemingly overlooking, with rare 
exceptions, the efforts that were 
made to avert the beginning of 
hostilities, being overlooked or 
regarded as of slight interest be- 
cause of their failure — a failure 
that was inevitable when the bit- 
terness of the feeling engendered 
by the movements of the Abo- 
litionists under the lead of Wil- 
liam Lloyd Garrison and Wendell 
Phillips, and accentuated by the 
John Brown raid on Harper's 
Ferry, is considered. 

Yet the stories of efforts made 
by men in public life, to the north 
and to the south of Mason and 
Dixon's line are of the greatest 
interest, and Kentucky— unique in 
all things — occupies a foremost 
place in the story of an anxious 
and a sincere desire to restore 
fraternal relations not only be- 
tween l^e states of the States of 
the North but between all sec- 
tions and the Federal Union. The 
initiative in the Story of Three 
Governors was taken by Gover- 
nor Magofl^, of Kentucky, in the 

early weeks of 1861. On his invi- 
tation three Governors — Morton, 
of Indiana; Dennison, of Ohio, 
and himself, of Kentucky, were to 
meet at the old Spencer House, in 
Cincinnati, on April 30, 1861, 
there to devise ways and means to 
stay the certainty of hostilities 
and **to bring about a truce be- 
tween the general government and 
the seceded states until the meet- 
ing of Congress in extraordinary 
session." One of the strange fea- 
tures of the story is in the ready 
acquiescence of Governor Morton 
with, however, a speedy change of 
views and declination to take part 
in the conference which, in the be- 
ginning, had met with his hearty 

On April 24, 1861, Governor 
Magoffin called the Legislature of 
Kentucky in extra session. In his 
call he cited the fact that the Fed- 
eral government was bent on 
prosecuting a war on the seceded 
states and that it was the first 
duty of Kentucky to place herself 
in a position of complete defense 
against invasion. He declared 
that it was useless '*to longer re- 
fuse to recognize the fact that the 
American Union is dissolved." 


Register of the Kentucky 8tat« Historical Society. 

In his opinion the determination 
of the United States to invade the 
seceded states would involve '*the 
unlimited slaughter of their citi- 
zens," and one of the questions 
he submitted to the Legislature 
was: ** Shall she (Kentucky) de- 
clare her own independence and 
prepare, single handed, to main- 
tain itf He reported that an ap- 
peal to the banks of the State had 
met with generous response and 
that with the funds provided, he 
had *' employed every resource at 
his command to supply the State 
with the necessary means of de- 
fense/' He recommended to the 
Legislature that it provide means 
for repayment of the loans and 
submitted his correspondence 
with Secretary of War Cameron 
and with Governors Morton and 

The first of the series was a 
dispatch from Secretary Camer- 
on, dated April 15, 1861, notifying 
Governor MagoflSn that a call had 
been made on Kentucky for four 
regiments of militia. To that. 
Governor Magoffin answered : 
**Your dispatch received. In an- 
swer I say, emphatically, that 
Kentucky will furnish no troops 
for the wicked purpose of subdu- 
ing her sister Southern States.*' 

Then follows a communication 
from Governor Dennison, pre- 
sented to Governor Magoffin by 
the late Judge Thomas M. Key, of 
the Superior Court bench of Cin- 
cinnati, and himself a Kentuckian, 
stating that the assurances which 
Judge Key would give of the ** sin- 
cere desire of the people of Ohio 
that nothing might occur to inter- 

rupt the kindly feeling between 
the people of the two States" 
were, also, his own sentiments and 
that Governor Magoffin might 
freely confer with Judge Key **in 
regard to the people along the 
common border and as to the 
proper means of removing all ap- 
prehension of strife between 

Thereupon Governor Magoffin 
asked Governor Dennison if be 
would co-operate with Kentucky 
in a proposition to the Federal 
government for peace by the Bor- 
der States, as mediators between 
the contending parties and added: 
*'I have a similar understanding 
with Governor Morton, of Indi- 
ana.'' In response. Governor 
Dennison designated Noah H. 
Swayne, a Virginian by birth, and 
later a Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, ap- 
pointed from Ohio, as his Ambas- 
sador and notified Governor Ma- 
goffin of the fact receiving in re- 
sponse a telegram from the latter 
stating that he would be glad to 
meet Colonel Swayne at the Spen- 
cer House, in Cincinnati, on the 
succeeding Tuesday, April 30, 
1861, and that he had taken the 
liberty of inviting Governor Mor- 
ton to attend the conference. That 
telegram was dated April 26, 1861. 
In response Governor Dennison 
expressed his gratification over 
the coming conference and aiso 
that Governor Morton had been 
invited. The next step in the ef- 
forts to maintain peace along the 
border, while the three Governors 
were acting as mediators between 
the Union and the Confederacy, is 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Bhojfm by the following official 
letter from the Ambassador from 
Kentucky : 

*' Cincinnati, April 30, 1861. 
**To the Honorable William 
Dennison, Governor of Ohio. 
Dear Sir: I have been commis- 
sioned by the Honorable Beriah 
Magoffin, JGovemor of Kentucky, 
to solicit the co-operation of the 
Honorable 0. P. Morton, Gover- 
nor of Indiana, and yourself in an 
effort to bring about a truce be- 
tween the general government and 
the seceded states until the meet- 
ing* of Congress in extraordinary 
session in the hope that the action 
of that body may point the way 
to a peaceful solution of our na- 
tional troubles. I have the honor 
to be, very respectfully, 

**Your obedient servant, 
**T. L. Crittenden.** 

The ways of peace, at that junc- 
ture, seemed broad and smooth, 
Governor Magoffin, in the mean- 
time, having received a letter 
from Governor Morton stating 
that he would ''unite in any effort 
for the restoration of the Union 
and peace which shall be constitu- 
tional and honorable to Indiana 
and the Federal government and 
will, if you appoint, meet you at 
Jeff ersonville tomorrow. ' * An- 
swering Governor Morton *s let- 
ter. Governor Magoffin called 
attention to the fact that the con- 
ference had been arranged for the 
Spencer House, Cincinnati, and 
urged Governor Morton to attend 
the meeting. On April 26, Gover- 
nor Morton answered: ''I will 
meet your Excellency at the 

Spencer House. I expect to meet 
you in person.** For some reason, 
however, Governor Magoffin pre- 
ferred to conduct negotiations 
through his representative. Colo- 
nel Crittenden. But when the 
fatal April 30 came about Colonel 
Crittenden found neither the Gov- 
ernor of Ohio nor the Governor of 
Indiana at the Spencer House, as 
is evident from the fact that on 
that day he addressed a letter to 
Governor Morton in like terms 
with that addressed to Governor 
Dennison : 

''Cincinnati, April 30, 1861. 
"To Honorable 0. P. Morton, 

Governor of Indiana. 

"Dear Sir: I have been com- 
missioned by the Honorable B. 
Magoffin, Governor of Kentucky, 
to solicit the co-operation of your- 
self and the Honorable William 
Dennison, Governor of Ohio, iu an 
effort to bring about a truce be- 
tween the general government 
and the seceded states until after 
the meeting of Congress in 
extraordinary session in the hope 
that the action of that body may 
point out the way to peaceful so- 
lution of our national troubles. I 
have the honor to be very respect- 

"Your obedient' servant, 

"T. L. Crittenden.** j 

Whether the Governors of Indi- 
ana and Ohio had been saying 
things to each other during the 
passage of the correspondence 
with the other Governor, or 
whether Secretary Cameron had 
heard of the proposed conference 
at the Spencer House, or whether 


fitgitttr of th« Kofituoky Stirtt HIttorieal Soei«ty. 

events were marching too rapidly 
and prevented Governor Morton 
and Governor Dennison from 
visiting Cincinnati, does not ap- 
pear. But the fact that Governor 
Ibennison set himself about fur- 
nishing the quota of Ohio to the 
Federal armies and that Gover- 
nor Morton, ignoring Colonel 
Crittenden ^s letter, addressed 
himself to Governor MagoflSn di- 
rect, gives strength to the belief 
that the two Governors on the 
other side of the Ohio had taken 
later counsel with each other, or 
with Washington, on the subject. 
The letter of Governor Morton 
to Governor Magoffin while plain, 
forceful and direct, shows a sud- 
den conversion from the desire 
for peace to the desire for war. 
First listening to the suggestion 
of Governor Magoffin for a meet- 
ing of the three Governors in the 
interest of peace, and giving ap- 
parently cordial approval and 
hoping for the continuance of 
friendly relations between the 
three states, Governor Mk>rton, 
on May 1, 1861, notified Governor 
Mago^ that: **It becomes 
my duty to state that I do 
not recognize the right of any 
state to act as mediator between 
the Federal government and a re- 
bellious state.*' He declared his 
conviction and platform to be 
that: ** Kentucky a(nd Indiana 
were but integral parts of the 
Union and, as such, are subject to 
the government of the United 
States and bound to obey the re- 
quirements of the President 
issued in pursuance of his consti- 
tutional authority.'' He in- 

voked Kentucky "By all the 
sacred ties that bind us together 
to take her stand with Indiana 
promptly and efficiently on the 
side of the Union." In cpnclnsion 
he said: 

"I take this occasion to renew 
the expression of my earnest de- 
sire that Kentucky remain in the 
Union and that the intimate per- 
sonal, social, political and com- 
mercial relations which exist be- 
tween her and Indiana may never 
be disturbed but be cemented and 
strengthened through all coming 
years. ' ' 

And that ended the proposed 
peace conference between the 
three Governors on the patriotic 
initiative of Governor Magoffin. 

The old Spencer House has 
many traditions endearing it to 
Cincinnatians of the olden time, 
and none so enduring as the tra- 
ditions of the days when it was the 
leading hotel of the West and the 
abiding place, when in Cincinnati, 
of the best blood and brain of the 
South in the days before the war; 
the hostelry of many romances 
and of a* chef unexcelled. But not 
all the memories of the now aban- 
doned and dismantled Spencer 
House would have given it a name 
as enduring as would the meeting 
of the three Governors in further- 
ance of the effort of Governor Ma- 
goffin to bring about '*a truce be- 
tween the general government and 
the seceded states." 

But things moved quickly in 
those days and the red light of 
desolating war overshadowed/ the 
plans of Governor Magoffin — sub- 
sequently compelled to resign by 

ll«tM*r vf tlw KMtiMky tlaW HMortai t ttl i t y . 


military pressure under orders 
from Washington. But his effort 
was none the less patriotic^ earn- 
est and sincere, qualities made all 
the more apparent by the resig- 
nation demanded from him by an 
authority having no jurisdiction 

in the matter save that of force. 
The Story of the Three Governors 
is interesting, and all the more so 
because of suggestions of peace 
jubilees in 1915, or fifty years 
from Appomattox. 

r—-'m ■» ---' 




r i 


By Mrs. W. Leslie Collins. 

About one hundred and eigh- 
teen years ago there lived in 
Franklin County, Ky., a well-to-do 
farmer named Bourne. His farm 
extended into the present adjoin- 
ing county of Anderson, which 
then formed a part of Woodford 


At that time civilization had 
not driven out all of the primitive 
denizens of the forests, and 
wolves, catamounts and panthers 
added the terrors of their pres- 
ence to the density of the wood, 
and ocasionally, impelled by hun- 
ger, they approached the scat- 
tered habitations of men to seize 
upon, and devour, all unprotected 
live stock — even if it was in the 
doorway of its sturdy owner who 
dared not venture out alone to the 
rescue; and the watch dogs would 
bark vociferously at a safe dis- 
tance from the fierce marauder, or 
would fly with drooping tails and 
frightened yelps to a convenient 
hiding place. 

Many a belated hunter has 
quickened his footsteps as he felt 
his long hair almost rise from his 
neck on hearing the awful screams 
of a panther pierce the darkness, 
or the far-off howls of wolves that 

were perhaps on his trail. Often 
the soft patter of stealthy foot- 
falls greeted his ears, and often 
gleaming eyes stared at him from 
leafy hiding places. Often he was 
called upon to combat the owner 
of the fiery eyes, and not always 
was thfe hunter the victor; but 
Farmer Bourne never suffered 
from worse than a semi-occasional 
nocturnal visit from a hungry 
catamount to his pig pen or hen 

Mr. Bourne and his excellent 
wife, with their large family of 
bright young children and well 
satisfied negroes, lived an indus- 
trious and happy life. But one 
day there happened an event that 
threatened to cloud their lives 
with sorrow. Their beautiful -lit- 
tle daughter, Mary Ann, then six 
years of age, was the very light of 
their eyes. 

One afternoon Mr. Bourne sent 
one of his colored men into the ad- 
jacent wood to fell trees, and, 
after a while, unknown to anyone, 
little Mary Ann tied her little sun- 
bonnet over her fair curls, and ac- 
companied by her pet lamb, fol- 
lowed the man into the wood **to 
gather flowers,*' as she after- 
wards said, and fully expecting to 


Raglcter of th« Kantucky 8tatt Htotorical Society. 

find the colored man and return 
home with him; but she did not 
find him, and, in her search, wan- 
dered farther and farther into the 
forest until she became hopelessly 

The shades of eve were falling 
when Mrs. Bourne missed her lit- 
tle daughter and alarmed the 
household. Every nook and cor- 
ner of the home place underwent 
an unsuccessful search; then the 
neighborhood was aroused, and 
the half frantic mother gathered 
her remaining children about her 
and wept and prayed the long 
night through, while men and 
boys, with torches and dogs, 
scoured the surrounding forest. 
They found a few bunches of 
withered wild flowers, and a tuft 
of soft white wool on a thorn bush, 
but it was dawn before they found 
the little child who was half sitting, 
half reclining against a tree, 
miles from home, sound asleep 
with her little sunbonnet drawn 
over her tear-stained face, and the 
bloody head of her pet lamb 
clasped tightly in her chubby 

The overjoyed father clasped 
his child to his breast, and strong 
men wept tears of horror and 
sympathy when the child told the 
story of the bloody lamb's head, 
and the awful danger of which 
she was entirely ignorant. She 
told of how she was met in the 
darkness — ^which was dimly il- 
lumined by the straggling light of 
the moon — by several *' funny 
looking dogs,'* who sprang upon 

her poor little lamb and almost 
tore it to pieces before her eyes. 
Then a *'big caf came and drove 
the *Mogs'' away. In the strug- 
gle the lamb's head was torn en- 
tirely off, and *'the big cat" dis- 
appeared with the gory, headless 
body. Then the weeping child 
took the bloody head of her un- 
fortunate pet, and wandered on 
and on until weariness overcame 
her and she sank to rest in the 
place where she was found. 

Amid the weird night sounds of 
the untracked forest, with the 
hooting of the owl in the tree 
above for a lullaby, the poor, 
tired child soon fell asleep to 
awaken in the strong arms of her 
devoted father. 

Investigation proved the 
**funny looking dogs" to have 
been wolves, and the **big cat" an 
American panther of the largest 

Thus did God hold the child in 
the ** hollow of his hand" and no 
evil thing touched her. 

There are many persons now 
living in Franklin and Anderson 
counties, Kentucky, whose imme- 
diate ancestors joined in that 
memorable search. 

Mary Ann Bourne lived to tell 
her children and grandchildren 
about the perils of that night. 
She was a remarkable woman and, 
about forty-eight years ago, met 
a remarkable death— poisoned by 
eating a catalpa blossom. She 
left many descendants, one of 
whom — a grandson — ^was the hus- 
band of the present writer. 



WAR OF 1812 




By A. C. Q uisenberry. 

The centennial of the beginning 
of the War of 1812 has awakened 
a new and intense interest in that 
great struggle — our second war 
for independence. That Ken- 
tuckians should feel more than 
ordinarily interested in that im- 
portant war is onl^ to be ex- 
pected, for it was a war that 
lasted nearly three years, in 
which we gained only five impor- 
ts; nt -victories on land, four of 
which — tlie seige of Fort Meigs, 
a};!d the battles of Fort Stephen- 
sen, the Thames, and New Or- 
leans, were won almost entirely 
by Kentuckians; who also con- 
tributed essentially to Perry's 
brilliant naval victory on Lake 
Erie. The history of the world's 
wars shows no more brilliant vic- 
tories achieved anywhere than 
those that were won by Ken- 
tuckians on the River Thames, in 
Canada, and at New Orleans. 

There has always been a ques- 
tion as to how many troops Ken- 
tucky furnished in the War of 
1812, and it is believed that this 
article settles that question with 
as close an approximation as it 
will ever be possible to attain — 
and the number is 25,010. These 

25,000 of our grandfathers were 
enrolled in four regiments of 
United States regular troops 
which were recruited entirely in 
Kentucky, and 36 regiments, 4 
battalions and 12 independent 
companies of Kentucky militia, 
including the organizations of 
spies, which would be called 
scouts today. 

The statement here given is 
based upon a roster published 
many years ago by the Adjutant 
General of the State of Kentucky 
(although a great deal of it was 
obtained from other sources), and 
gives each regiment or other 
organization, so far as is now 
known, that was furnished by the 
State, aild names also the general 
and regimental and copapany of- 
ficers, and ^ gives the actual 
strength (by count) of each regi- 
ment, battalion and company. 

Many of the officers are named 
two or more times, and it is also 
certain that many of the enlisted 
men served more than one enlist- 
ment, as the enlistments were for 
short terras, ranging from two to 
six months, for the militiamen. 
On the other hand, it has been 
found impossible to secure the 
names of more than a few of the 


Register of th« Kontucfcy 8Ute HIttorieal 8oeitty. 

brigade and division staff oflScers, 
of whom there were certainly- 
several hundred, among whom it 
is known that there were such men 
as John J. Crittenden, William T. 
Barry, George Walker, Charles 
A- Wickliffe, Joseph McDowell 
and Anthony Crockett; so, not- 
withstanding the duplications of 
names, the number of troops fur- 
nished by Kentucky in the War of 
1812, will remain at about 25,000. 
There appears to be good evi- 
dence that there were several regi- 
ments of Kentucky militia in the 
war, the rolls of which have been 
lost. For instance, there are still 
in existence a roll of the First 
Eegiment of Kentucky Riflemen, 
and of the Third Regiment 
of Kentucky Riflemen, but there 
is no roll now in exist- 
ence of the Second Regiment of 
Kentucky Riflemen, which would 
have contained about 500 men. 
Among the spoils of the battle of 
the Thames was a British drum 
which General William Henry 
Harrison presented to a regiment 
of Kentucky militia; and that old 
drum may still be seen in the 
rooms of the Kentucky State His- 
torical Society, in the new Capitol 
building in Frankfort, with the 
following inscription in guilt let- 
ters upon it: '*Drum taken at the 
battle of the Thames and pre- 
sented to the Forty-second Regi- 
ment of Kentucky militia for turn- 
ing out more volunteers durins; 
the late war than any other regi- 
ment in Kentucky.'' Yet there 
are now in existence the records 
of only thirty-six re^ments of 
Kentucky militia in that war; so 

it seems that the rolls of at least 
six regiments have been lost. 
There appears to have been a sys- 
tem of numbering the regiments, 
but it apparently has not de- 
scended to these times. 

Some of the regiments were 
very small. Callaway's regiment 
in the Thames campaign con- 
tained only 288 men. On the other 
hand, Richard M. Johnson's regi- 
ment in the same campaign (in- 
cluding Payne's company, which 
was attached to it) contained 1,437 
men, or enough for a brigade. 
Colonel William Dudley's re^- 
ment, a large part of which was 
destroyed at *' Dudley's Defeat/' 
contained 1,297 men. 

The number of men (exclusive 
of general officers) furnished by 
Kentucky during each year of the 
war, was as follows: 

1811 96 

1812 11,114 

1813 8,793 

1814 4,156 

1815 834 

Total 24,993 

The census of 1810, immediate- 
ly preceding the War of 1812, gave 
Kentucky a white population of 
324,237, only about one-half of 
whom (162,118) were males; and 
of these it may be assumed that 
only about one-fifth (32,423) were 
of military age and condition; so 
it is seen that the young State 
sent about five out of every six of 
her fighting men into the war, 
where they made a record and a 
reputation that was not ap- 
proached by the troops of any 
other state in the Union. 

RogltUr of th« Kentucky StaU Historical Society. 


The battle of Tippecanoe was 
fought seven months before the 
declaration of war, but it was as 
much an incident of the War of 
1812 as the battle of the Thames 

Already many thousands of 
Kentuckians are beginning to in- 
quire as to what part their grand- 
fathers aind great-grandfathers 
took in the War of 1812, and it is 
hoped that the following facts 
may be of great utility, as well as 
of great interest to them. In the 
subjoined lists the troops are 
given in classes (infantry, 
mounted, dragoons, riflemen, etc.) 
and each class is arranged chrono- 
logically, according to the date 
that the regiment, or other organi- 
zation, was organized and mus- 
tered into the service. The roster 
now follows: 


(1) Seventh Regiment, United States 


Organized under the act of April 12, 
1808, and was recruited in Kentucky for 
the War of 1812. It was consolidated 
May 17, 1816, with the 2nd, 3rd and 44th 
regiments of infantry to form the present 
Ist Regiment of Infantry, United States 

Field and Staff— Colonel William Rus- 
sell, Major George Gibson, John Nicks, and 
five other officers, etc. (30, including 

1st Company — Officers names not gtven. 

2nd Company— Lieut. Blisha H. Hall. 

3rd Company — ^Lieut. Theodorlck B. 
Rice. (39). 

4th CompafLyr-Lieut Narcissus Brontin, 

Ensigns John U. Carrick, Elisha T. Hall. 

5th Company — 1st Lieut. James S. Wade, 
2nd Lieut. Ethelred Taylor. (109.) 

6th Company — Capt Uriah Blue, Lieuts. 
Jacob Miller, Michael McClelland, En- 
sign Thomas Blackstone. (107). 

7th Company — Capt. Richard Oldham, 
Lieut. Samuel Vail, Ensign Archibald 
Wilson. (110). 

8th Company — Capt Alexander A. 
White, Lieut. Wm. Prosser. (99). 

9th Company — Capt. Carey Nicholas, 
Lieut. Elijah Montgomery, Ensign Andrew 
Ross. (117). 

10th Company — Capt. W. H. McClellan, 
Ensigns French H. Gay, Wilson Creed. 

Total strength of the regiment, 907 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(2) Seventeenth Regiment, United States 


Organized under the acts of January 11 
and June 26, 1812. Consolidated May 30, 
1814, with the 1st, 24th« 28th and 29th regi- 
ments of infantry to form the present 3rd 
Regiment of Infantry, United States Army. 

Field and Staft—^lJol. Samuel Wells, 
■Lieut-'Colonels Wm. McMillan, George Todd, 
Majors Richard Davenport, George Croghan, 
Richard Graham, Richard Oldham, etc. (17). 

let Company— Lieut. David L. Carney. 

2nd CJompany— <Japt Henry Ctittenden, 
Lieut. James Blair. (72). 

3rd Company — Capt. Martin L. Hawkins, 
Lieut. Chas. Scott, Ehisign Wm. H. Fisher. 

4th Company — Capt. B. W. Sanders, (Ueut 
Cyrus W. Baylor, Ensign Richard MitchelL 

5th Company— Capt. Caleb H. Holder. 
Lieuts. Chas. Mitchell, James Gray, Ensign 
Owen Evans. (107). 

6th Company — Capt. Thos. T. Chinn, 
Lieut. Thos. Mountjoy, Ensign Mason Sew- 
ard. (135). 

7th Company— Caipt Wm. I. Adair, Lieuts. 
James Hackley, Thos. W. Hawkins, Ensign 
Thos. R. McKnight. (115). 


fItgliUr off tN# Miit««ky MMt MMMlcal Irt i t y, 

8tli CompaB7--C&pt David Holt, Urate. 
JosetA T. Taylor, Ooorge M. Deall, John 

9tlL Company-^apt. Harris H. Hldunaa, 
•Uottte* Jamos HaeUey, Adam H Hoffman, 
Gabriel T. Floyd. (121). 

The HiBtorlcal Army "ResiBter abowa that 
the following officers (all Kentuddans) also 
served in the 17th Infantry during the War 
of 1812; Captains: Wm. Bradford, James 
Duncan, Jr., Robert Edwards, Ridhard High- 
tower, James Hunter, James Meade, Charles 
Query and Chas. Scott Todd (transferred 
to 28th Infantry), let. Lieutenants: Ben- 
jamin Desha, Meredith W. Fisher, Thos. 
Coleman Graves, Parry Hawkins, Benjamin 
Johnson, Philip King, Stephen Lee, Robert 
Logan, Thos. J. Overton, Alexander Robert- 
son. 2nd Lieutenants: Wm. M. Baylor, 
Samuel S. Berry, Thos. M. Buckley, Saml 
H. Craig, Joseph Duncan, Robt. W. Swing, 
Ashton Garrett, John Hamilton, Philip 
King, Nimrod H. Moore, James Munday, 
JoBhua Norvell, James Overton, John T. 
Redding, Edmund flhipp, David Trimble. 
3rd Lieutenants: Hubbard Berry, Wm. Eu- 
bank, Wm. Griffith, James Marshall, John 
Mershon, Thos. S. Morgan, Rice iL. Stewart, 
Reuben Taylor, Wm. Young. Ensigns: Tay- 
lor Berry, Richard K. Doyle, Anderson 
EhranB, Gabriel J. Floyd, Robert G. Foster, 
Andrew Leeper, James Liggett, Wm. Nelson, 
Buford Scrugigs, Philip Q. Shearer. The 
companies to which these officers were 
attached are not indicated. (56). 

Total strength of the regiment, 979 offi- 
cers, and enlisted men. 

(3) Twenty-EightH Regimentp United 
States Infantry. 

Organized under the act of January 29, 
1813. Consolidated May 17, 1815, with the 
let, 17th, 19th, 24th, and 29th regiments of 
Infantry to form the present 3rd Regiment 
of Infantry, United States Army. 

Field and Staff— Col. Thos. Dye Owings, 
Lieut. Col. Anthony Butler, Majors Wkn. 
Trigg and James Smiley, etc. (12). 

Ist. Company — Capt. Johnston Megowan, 
Lteuts. Wm. H. He^ry, Robt. B. Crook, En- 
signs Jonas Ithodes, William Adams. (114). 

2nd Company— Capt George Sto^Eton, 
Lie«U. Thos. Edmonson, Joseph P. TajIot, 
John Wyatt, James B. Flndley. Snaign 
Richard Mitchell. (148). 

3rd Company — Capt. Nimrod H. Moore, 
Lieuts. John Trumbo, John Heddleson, 
Thos. Griffith, Ensigns Chas. L. Harrison, 
Willis N. Bayn. (127). 

4th C:k>mpany— Capt. Jos. C. Belt, Uents. 
John C. Kouns, David G. Cowan, Ensign 
John Dawson. (124). 

5th Company — Lieut. Granville N. Love, 


6th Company— <3apt. Thos. L. Butler, 
Lieuts. Jas. Hickman, Rezin H. Gist, Thos. 

E. Boswell, Thos. (Mffith, Daniel Conner, 
Overton W. Crockett, ESnsign Morgan H. 
Heard. (123). 

The above is evidently not a full roster, 
as there should be at least three more 
companies. The Historical Army Register 
shows that the following officers (all Kea> 
tucklans) also served in the 28th Infantry in 
the War of 1812, viz.: 

Captains: Henry Daniel, Jeptha Dudley, 
Henry C. Gist, John 'Mason, Benjamin 
Closely, John Scott Todd, let Lieutenants: 
Joseph Clark, Wm. D. Haden, Hugh Innes. 
Matthew H. Jouett, Wm. Stewart, Robt. 
Stockton. 2nd Lieutenants: Thos. Berry, 
Daniel G. Brown, Willis N. Bryan, Wm. Or- 
lando Butler, John B. Clark, Peter Davis, 
Wilson P. Greenup, Charles Larned, James 

F. Moore, John O'Fallon, Richard Price, 
Philip S. Richardson. 3rd Lieutenants: 
Benj. Bridges, Joseph Dawson, Robt. R Hall, 
Carlisle Harrison, James Howerton, Joseph 
Madison, Richard Mitchell, James Nelson. - 
ThoB. P. Wagnon. Ensigns: Wm. Preston 
Smith Blair, Chas. L. Harrison, John Me- 
Kenzie, John McNair, Rowland Madison. 

Total strength of the regiment, as indi- 
cated above, 712; but it was probably 20& 
more than that on a full muster. 

(4) Second Regiment, United States 

Organized under the act of February 10, 
1814, and disbanded at the close of the War 
of 1812. Six companies were enlisted In 

It«|i«t«r 9t tiMi IfPUmy tut* Hl«torl««l «««i«ty. 


Kentucky, tr more tihan two-Uiird« of the 
fuU atrengtb of tbe regiment. No roster of 
the regiment is available, but the following 
of its princiiMtl officers were Kentuckians: 

Colonel Anthony Butler, Iiieutenant-€ol- 
onel George Croghan, Captaine Robert 
Breckinridge, Benjamin Desha, James 
Hickmipi, Hugh Innes, Benjamin Johnson. 
John O'iFallon. 

It is safe to assume that at least 600 of 
the soldiers of this regiment were Ken- 

General Officert. 

General — Isaac Shelby, who took the field 
as commander-in-cfhief of the Kentucky 
militia in the Thames cam^paign, while Gov- 
ernor of Kentucky, but yielded the chief 
command U> Gen. William Henry Harrison. 

Major Generals— William Henry Har- 
risen, of Indiana, who was acting under a 
Kentucky commission; Joseph Desha, Wil- 
liam Henry, John Thomas. (4.) 

Brigadier Generals— John Adair, James 
Allen, Samuel Caldwell, Marquis Calknes, 
David Chiles, Green Clay, Samuel Hopkins, 
John Payne, Jonathan Ramsey, James Ray, 
James Taylor, George Trotter. (12.) 
(1) Boswell's Regiment, Kentucky Volun- 
teer 'Light Infantry. 

Organized April 29, 1812. Field and sUfT: 
Not given, hut they would amount to about 
12 officers. The regiment was commanded 
by Colonel William B. Boswell. 

1st Company— Capt. Peter Dudley, Liieuts. 
Ceorge Baltzell, Samuel Arnold, Ehisign 
George M. Gayle. (118.) 

2d Company-<;apt Ambrose Arthur, 
Lieut. Joseph Parsons, Ensign James A. 
Cartwright (81.) 

3d Company— Capt. John Phillips. Ueut 
Zacheus Card, Ensign Joseph Reld. (64.) 

4th Company— C«pt Thomas -Metcalfe, 
Ueut. John Baker, Ensign Robert C. HWL 

5th Company— Capt. John Baker, Lieut. 
Benj. Bean, Ensign Joton Waller, (88.) 

€th Company— Capt. John Du¥«jl, Lieut. 
Richard Tyner, Ensign James Stuart. (74.) 

7th Company — Ca(pt Thomas B}vans» 
Lieut. Wm. Jordan, I^nsign James Young. 

8th Company — Capt. Wm. Sebree, Lieut. 
Streshley Allen, Ensign Nathaniel Vice. 

9th Company— Capt. John D. Thomas, 
l.ieut. George Pickett, Ensign Matthew 
Wood. (68.) 

10th Company — ^Capt. Manson Seamonds, 
Lieut James Andera, Ensign Chas. Ruddell.' 

llCh Company— Capt. Isaac Gray, Lieut. 
Hugh Clark, Ensign Will H. Fleming. (63.) 

12th Company— Capt. Edmond Bacon, 
Lieut. John Bennett, Ensign Robertson Gra- 
ham. (43.) 

Total strength of the Regiment, 958 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(2) Lewis' Regiment Kentucky Volunteers. 

Organized August 14, 1812. Field and staff: 
Lieut-Col., William Lewis; Majors, Joseph 
Robb, Benjamin Graves; Adjutant, James 
(Clark; Quartermaster, Pollard Keene; 
Paymaster, Richard Blanton; Surgeons, 
John Todd, Gustavue M. Boner, and four 
sergeants, etc. 

1st Company— Capt. Nathaniel G. S. Hart, 
Lieut. Lyndon Comstock, Ensign James L. 
Herron. (83.) 

2d Company— <;apt. Stuart W. Megowan, 
Lieut. Martin Wymore, Ensign Charles S. 
Todd. (128.) 

»d Company— Capt. James C. Price, Lieut. 
William Caldwell, Ensigb David OBtoume. 

4th Company— Oapt. Wiley R. Brasfleld, 
Lieut. Joseph Kelly, !E3nsign Stephen Rash. 

6th Company — Capt. Samuel U Williams, 
Lieut Benjamin Warfield, XJnsign John 
Higgins. (77.) 

6th Company — Capt. John Hamilton, 
Lieut. Wm. H. Moore, Bnsign Robert Ham- 
ilton. (72.) 

7th Company— Capt. John Martin, Lieut. 
Wm. M<K>ulre, Ensign Jonathan Taylor. (75.) 

Total strength of the regiment, 594 of- 
ficers and enlisted men. 


Register of the Kentucky 8Ute HIttorical Society. 

(3) Scctt'e Regiment, Kentucky Militia. 
Organized August 16, 1812. Field and 

fltafl: Lieut.. Col., John M. Scott; Majors, 
Richard M. Gano and Elijah McClanahan; 
Adjutant, Alfred Sanford; Quartermaster* 
James King; Paymaster, Barnet Williams; 
Surgeons, W. H. RichardBon, Robert M. 
fiwlns, and four sergeants, etc. 

1st Company--€apt. Joseph Redding, 
Lieut. £)dward B. Rule, fBnsign Joseph 
Bowles. (67.) 

2d Company — Capt. Lynn West, Lieuts. 
Thoma« Story, Mason Moss, Tavernor R. 
Branham, David Gresham. (85.) 

3d Company— Capt. Joseph Redding, 
Lieut. Joseph McCauley, ESnsign Barnett 
WlUiamB. (70.) 

4th Comi>any — Capt. Coleman A. Collier, 
Lieut. James W. Giillisple, Bnsign (Jesse 
Daugherty. (52.) 

5th Company — Michael Glaves, Lieut. 
Thomas Coleman, Ensign James King. (59.) 

6th Company— Oapt. George Pugh, Lieut. 
James Johnson, Ensign Daniel Ralls. (89.) 

7th Company— Capt. Will Sebree, lUeut. 
Robert Kirtley, Ensign Barnett Rogers. (50.) 

Total strength of the regiment, 484 of- 
ficers and enlisted men. 

(4) Barbee's Regiment, Kentucky Miiltla. 
Organized Aug. 23, 1812. Field and staff: 

Lieut. Ck>l., Joseph Barbee; Majors, Henry 
Palmer, Creed Raskins; Adjutant, John WI 
Powell; Quartermaster, George C. Cowan; 
Paymaster, Thompson Gaines; Surgeons, 
Jas. MclDowell, Duff Green, and four ser- 
geants, etc. 

1st Company — Capt. Garrett Peterson, 
Lieut. David Phillips, flsansign Warren Har* 
deen. (67.) 

2d (Company — Capt. Robert Barnett, 
Lieut. Thomas Cregor, Ensign Jacob 
Pierce. (71.) 

3d Company-— Capt. William Cross, Lieut 
James Cowan, Ensign Henry Gabbert. (53.) 

4th Company— Capt. Micah Taul, Lieut. 
Joseph H. Woolfolk, Ensign John Barthol- 
omew. (82.) 

5th Company — Capt. Peter Jordan, Lieut. 
John R. Cardwell, Ensign Hugh Evantf. 

6th Company— Capt. John W. Shirley, 
Lieut. Thomas Turk, Ensign Andrew Wag- 
goner. (60.) 

7th Company— Capt David McNalr, Lieut. 
(George Allen, ESneign Nimrod Maxwell. (77.) 

Total strength of the regiment 542 of- 
ficers and enlisted men. 

(5) Poflue's fiegiment Kentucky iMIlitia. 
Organized August 27, 1812. Field and 

staff: Lieut-Col., Robert Pogue; Majors, 
WlUUm Reed, David Hart; Adjutant, Ben- 
jamin Norris; Quartermaster, Benedict 
Bacon; Paymaster, George W. Botts; Sur 
geons, Ardemufl D. Roberts, Thomas Doni- 
phan, and four sergeants, etc. 

1st Company — Capt. Washin«;ton Kennedy, 
Lieut. Robert Hffiatson, Ensign John Da^ 
neil. (68.) 

2id Company— Capt Joseph C. Belt, lient. 
Ctoorge W. Botts, Bnsign Dorsey K. Stock- 
ton. (79.) 

3d Company— Capt. Simon R. Baker, 
Lieut. Humphrey Brooke, Ensign Edward 
S. Lee. (.53.) 

4th Company— Oapt. William Brown, 
Lieut David Rees, Bnsign Samuel Hlntoon. 

5th Company — Capt. John Dowden. Lieut 
Benjamin Norris, Ensign Enoch Hatton. 

6th Company— Capt. John McKee, Lient 
Jasper Morris, Ensign David Bryant (W^ 

7t3i Company — C^Sipt. Thompson Ward, 
Lieut. George Bronaugh, Ensign Benedict 
Bacon. (64.) 

8th Company— Capt. (Jeorge Mattbews, 
Lieut. John McRoberts, ifinsign Daniel M^ 
Intyre. (72.) 

Total strength of the regiment 607 of- 
flceiB and enlisted men. 

(6) second Regiment, Kentucky Militia. 
Organized September 1, 1812. Field and 

staff: Lieut.-Col., William Jennings; Majors 
John Faulkner, Joseph EJve; Adjutant Sa^i" 
uel Lapsley; Surgeons, William Cra^- 
David Nelson; Paymasters, Jonathan PT* 
sart, Henry Beatty, and two sergeants, etc 
1st Company — Capt. Daniel Ctarrard, 
Lieut. Daniel Cockerell, Bnsign T^UlaO 
Cunningham. (105.) 

Register of the Kentucky State Hietorleal Society. 


2d Company— Capt. Henry James, Lieut. 

James Kennedy, ESnsign David BVr. (82.) 

3d Company— Caipt. Tunstall Quarlee, 

Lieut Llewellyn Hlclonan, Ensign Bobert 

J. Poster. (50.) 

4tli Company— tCairt William Spratt, 
Lieut. Jonathan Bysart, Bnsign James 
Forsyth. (82.) 

6th Company — Catpt. David McNeils. 
Lieut. Jarvis Jackson, ESnsign INatJhaniel D. 
Moore. (74.) 

6th Company — Capt. Wm. M. Morrison, 
Lieut. Alexander Bamett, (EBusign Benjamin 
Schooler. (65.) 

7th Cnnvpany — Capt. James Anderson, 
Lieut Samuel Lapeley> Ensign Isaac Mlyers. 

8th Company — Capt. Sylvanus Massie, 
Lieut. Andrew Briscoe, ESnsign Henry 
Beatty. (f7.) 

Total itrength of the regiment, 634 of- 
ficers ani enlisted men. 

(7) SiMtli Regiment Kentucky Miiitla. 

Organlaed September 1, 1812. Field and 
staff: Litut.-Col., Philip Barbour; Majors, 
William :t. Mc(Jary, Reuben Harrison; Ad- 
jutant, :iobert Latham; Quartermaster, 
'David Sttphens; Paymaster, John J. Rey- 
nolds; J)dge Advocates, Samuel Tevis, 
Joseph B. Bigger; Surgeons, James W. Tun- 
stall, Thona« N. Gist, and Ave sergeants, 

1st Company— Capt. William Sugg, Lieut 
James Irvn, Ensign David Stephens. (72.) 

2d' Cor pany— Capt. William Latham, 
Ueut. ^-ight Taylor, Ensign Riobert 
Latham. C^.) 

3d Company — Capt. Presley Morehead, 
Ueut Jola Hanold, Ensign Cline Davis. 

4th Cajipany — Capt. Thomas Stokes, 
Lieut. JaD^s C?raig, E^nslgn Joseph Robert- 
son. (75).' 

5th Co]»i)any — Capt. James iLove, Lieut 
Arthur Qce, Ensign Will Harding. (80). 

6th Coii;pany — Capt. BenJ. H. Reeves, 
Lieut Wi^ C. Davis, Ensign John C. 
Reynolds. ;98). 

7th Coi^-pany— Capt. Robert Bamett, 

Lieut. Samuel Tevis, Ensign Joseph 
Bamett (75). 

8th Company— Capt Philip Latham, 
Lieuts. Wm. Harding, James Craig, Ehisign 
Clement Daviess. (82). 

^h Company — Capt. James Cook, Lieut 
(David Scott Ensign Samuel Withrow. (72). 

Total strength of the regiment, 706 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(8) Dudley's Regiment Kentuclcy Volunteer 


Organized March 29, 1813. Field and 
staff: Lieutenant-Colonel William Dudley, 
Majors James Shelby, James Dejamatt 
Adjutant Paul Allen Prewitt, Quartermaster 
William Ellis, (Paymaster Charles Carr, 
Surgeons Samuel C. Cloud, William Letcher 
and four sergeants, etc. 

1st Company — Capt. John D. Thomas, 
Lieut. George Pickett, Ensign Matthew 
Wood. (63). 

2d ComiMmy— Capt. Armstrong Kier, 
Lieut. Benjamin Bethurum, Ensign Stephen 
Brown. (111). 

3d Company— <;apt. James Dyametto, 
Lieut. Christopher Irvine, Ensign Joel 
Ham. (135). 

4th Company— Capt John Yantis, Lieut. 
Wm. Anderson, Ensign James Henderson. 

5th Company— Capt. Archibald Morrison, 
Lieut Micajah McClenny, Ensign John 
Smith. (181). 

6th Company— Capt. Joseph. Clai%, Lieut 
Ephraim Dooley, Ensign Nathan Dooley. 

7th Ck)mpany — Capt Dudley Farrls, Lieut 
John Evans, Ehsign Alexander Bamett 

8th Company— Capt Ambrose Arthur, 
QLieut. Joseph Parsons, Ensign James Ball- 
inger. (116). 

9th Company— Capt Joel Henry, (Lieut 
Isaac Howard, Ensign Benjamin Howard. 

10th Company — Capt. Thomas Lewis, 
Lieut (3eorge S. Hemdon, Ensign William 
iSallee. (131). 

11th Company— €iapt. John C. Morrison, 


Bmqk^mr of ih% Kentueky SUto HlaUr l«al tocMy. 

Ueut JoM^ A. U»derwood» EbMlgii 
Hubbard B. Smith. (93). 

ToUl Btrength of the rogiment» 1,297 
officers and ealiited men. 
(9) Porter'a Regimonl, Kentucky VoJuntaor 

Organiaed September 10, 1814. Field and 
staff: 'Ueut Colonel Andrew Porter, Majors 
Stephen Threasher, Joseph Kennedy, Adju- 
tant James Newton, Quartmaster John 
Ciayle, Paymaster George W. Chilton, Sur- 
geons Qeorge W. Timberlake, Joel C. 
Frazer, and four sergeants, etc. 
— lit Company — Capt. Joseph Logan, Lieut. 
Henry Wood, ESnsign John Hunter. (101). 

2d (Company — Capt. Robert Henley, Bn- 
sign Benjamin Gilhreath. (62). 

3d Company— 'Capt Darid Goodin, Lieut. 

XaiJiUi Adkins, Bnsign iaaac Powell. (98). 

4th Company — Capt George Bishop, 

Lieut. Benedict Bacon, Ensign Thomas 

Jones. (99). 

5th Company — Capt James Conn, Lieut. 
Wm. Brioe, Ensign Gahriel Miles. (100). 

6th Company — Capt Aaron Gregg, Lieut. 
Arthur Watson, lESaslgn Samuel (Forman. 

7th Company — CB/pt Memorial Forrest, 
Xieut Noah Halbert, Ifinsign John Mann. 

8th 'Company— Capt. Samuel Gk>oden, 
Lieut George Fleming, Snsign Andrew 
Richart. (90). 

9th Company — Capt. Henry Ellis, Ueut 
Thomas Groltert. (82). 

10th Company — Capt James Ellis, Lieut 
John Frier, Ensign William Martin. (72). 

11th Company — Capt IDd-ward Whaley, 
Lieut. John Darnall, Ensign John Talbott. 

Total strength of the regiment, 990 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(10) Francisco's lls0lmefiV Kentucky 

Organized February 8, 1815. Field and 
staff: Lieut. Colonel John IFrancisco, Majors 
John Bean, James Grant, Adjutant Thomas 
SteTenson, Quartermaster Will Atwood, 
JP^ymaster Josepli Kinhead, Supgeona Pat- 

rtok Maior, A¥ery Gwyim, and nine ser- 
geaota, ete. 

1st Company-^apt. Joseph Straugfao. 
Lieut Moses Tipton, Ensign William Krva- 
naugh. (78.) 

2d Company— Capt Andrew Conbs. 
Lieut Edward Cornelius, EInsign John 
Massie. (85). 

3d Company--Capt. Stephen Htchie 
Lieut David Anderscm, Ensign 'Rob^t Bur- 
bridge. (96>. 

4th Company— Capt Simon Cala^ie* 
Lieut Henry lUngo, Ensign Williim Gor- 
ham. (S^5). 

5th Company — Capt James Dudl^, Lieut 
Watter C. Carr, Ensign Thomaa J. Fenny 

6th Company— Capt. Jonas T. Bash. 
Lieut. Thomas F. Morrow. Ekislgi Thomas 
F. Bush. (91). 

7th Company— Capt. Robert Scobee. 
•Ueut Henry Browning, Ensign Robert 
Bush. (48). 

8th Company— Capt Lydall Bacm, Lieuts. 
Lewis B. Smith, Dennis Byrne. ,95). 

9th Company— Capt William CaldvelU 
Lieut John Hicks. Ensign Thomai R West 

10th Company— €apt. Abram *. Drake. 
Lieut Gtoorge Flanagan, Ensign Eankerson 
Bywater. (73). 

Total strength of the reglmert, 834 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

Independent CompanLev 

(1) Capt Dudley WiUiams company, 
Kentucky militia, organized October 14. 
1812. Ueut David Moore, OSnatsa Reub^ 
IJnn. (56). 

(2) Capt. WUliam Davis' ooiqiany. Ken- 
tucky militia, organised October 14, 1812. 
Ueuts. Samuel Sayres, John «ave, John 
Newton, Ensign Samuel Rankinl. (107). 
(11) First Regknent, Kentueliy Mounted 

Organized September 18. 1812. Field and 
staff: Lieut Colonel Samuel CaldweS. 

Majors Joseph Winlock, Thonas Bell, 

Adjutant Ze/ba Howard, Quartermaster 
Samuel Worthington, Paymaater (George 
Berry, Surgeons Thomas Polard, Levi 

Atg^ater of th« Kontu^y BtMU Hlatosrlcal Soeioty. 


Am«0, Jaei>% Wlllcer, Judger Advocate PMlip 
Thompson, and two sorgoaBts, etc. 

l8t Company — CaPt. Alney McLean, Lieut 
•^ Charles Campbell, Bnsign Jero S. Cravens 

2d Company — Capt. Thomas Alshury, 
Lieut. Wm. Crabtree, 'Bnsign Josiah Ander- 

3d Company — Capt. John Hamilton, Lieut. 
James McMillan, Ensign John Boswell. 

4th Company — Caa;>t. Moses Shelby, Lieut. 
Edward L. Head, Ensign Edward Robeson. 

5th Company — Capt. Samuel Gordon, 
Lieut. Warner W. Drew, Ensign George Mc- 
Lean. (74). 
•^ 6th Company — Capts. Thomas Bell, 
Horatio D. Watklnn, Lieut H*ampton Jones, 
Ensign Robert fimith. (30). 

7th Company— Capt. Michal WoU. Lieut. 

Matthew Adams, >Ebsign Alexander Ashby. 

Sth Company— Capt. Hugh Brown, *Lieut. 
Josiah Short, Ensign John Wolf. (44). 

Total strength of the regiment, 465 ofTi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(12> Seeond Re9iment« Kentucky Mounted 


Organized September 18, 1812. Field and 
staff: Lieut. Colonel John Thomas, Majors 
Thomas Speed, John Callaway, Adjutants 
BeBiamin Helm, Wte. Akin, Quartermasters 
Cyrus Talbert, Stephen Chenault, Surgeons 
Henry Toung, David Brown, and 3 enlisted 

1st Company — Capt Edward Berry, Lieut. 
James McMurray, Einsign John McKitsick. 

2d GompaUiy-^apt. ESdward R. Gaither, 
Lieut. Paul I. Booker, Ensign William 
Slack. (53). 

3d Company — Capt. John Hombeck, Lieut. 
Rodelphus Bailey, E}ttsigtt Harmon (Sreat- 
heuse. (43>. 

4th Company — Capt. Thomas Speed, 
L&eat Thomas Hubbard, Ensign Alexander 
liCc^own. (8^). 

Sth Comp«By«-Capt. Charles Hatdesty, 

Lieut. Wm. BicMecdcin, Ensign Ellas Kia- 

ctwloe. C63.) 

eth Company — Capt Aaron Hart, Lieut. 

Benjamin Helm, ESnaiga Joseph Monnie. 

Tth Company— Capt. Wm. Keller, Lieut 
Joseph Punk, Ensign James Taylor. (95). 

Total strength of the regiment, 430 olTir 
cers and enlisted men. 

(13) South's Regiment, Kentucky Volunteer 

Mounted Militia. 

Organized September 18, 1812. Field and 
staff: Lieut. Colonel Samuel South, Majors 
Jeremiah Briscoe, Edward Baxter, Adjutant 
John S. Smith, Quartermaster Robert Cun- 
ningham, Paymaeter Joseph Barrett, Judge 
Advocate fYederick Yeager, Surgeons John 
Fry, James Reed, and three sergeants. 

1st >Company--Capt. Rowland Burk, Lieut. 
Abraham Wood, fitasign Richard Miason. 

2d Company---Capt. George Murrell, 
Lieut. Abraham Miller, Ensign Michael 
Davidson (99). 

3d Company--Capt. Peter Watts, Lieut. 
James Harlan, Ehisign Benjamin H. Perkins. 

4th Company — Capts. James Ray, Samuel 
McCown, Lieut. George McAfee, Ensign 
Samuel McAfee. (39). 

5th Company— Capt. ThomaH Kennedy, 
Lieut. Moses O. Bledsoe, Ehisign John Mer- 
shon. (70). 

6th Company — Capt. Thomas Womall, 
Lieut. Robert Cunningham, Ehisign Corne- 
lius Skinner. (68). 

Tth Company — Csrpt. James White, Lieut. 
Amos Richardson, Ensign Robert McCreary. 

8th Company— Capt. Daniel ESlliott, Lieut 
Joseph McKay, Ensign Joseph W. Snoddy. 

9th Companr— Capt Robt. A. Sturgess. 
Lieut. James Jones, Ehisign John Stpeed 
Smith. (68). 

Total strength of the regiment, 546 offi- 
cen and mem. 

(14) Allen's lle0lmeiit, Kentuoky Mounted 

Volunteer Militia. 
Organized September 18, 1812. Field and 


Register of the Kentucky State Vllttorleal teeiety. 

staff: Lieut Colonel James Allen; Malors 
James McBlroy, Jechonlas Singleton, Adju- 
tant James McClelland, Quartermaster 
James Bristow» Inspector James Ijywrj, 
Judge Advocate Robert P. Letcher, 
Surgeons Charles C Frazer, Jeremiah A. 
Matthias, Aide James W. Barrett, and four 
sergeants, etc. 

1st Company— <3apt. Robert Berry, iUeut. 
Samuel Caldwell, Bnsign John Archer. (44). 

2d Company— €apt. Wm. M. Rice, Lieut 
S. D. George, Ensign Joseph Thomas. (44). 

3d Company — Capt. William Crouch, 
Lieut. Andrew M;uldraugh, B^nsign Joseph 
Tucker. (39). 

4th Company—Capt Jechonias Singleton, 
Lieut. Cornelius Edwards, Ensign Joseph 
F. Taylor. (69). 

5th Company— <^apt Josias Buskirk, 
Lieut. Zachariah TerrlU, Ensign Robert 
Tyler. (35). 

6th Company— CJapt. Robt. Hambleton, 
Lieut. Meator Hall, (ESnsign Micheal Han- 
beck. (34). 

7th Company — Capt David Allen, Lieut. 
George Spears. (67). 

8th Company— Oapt. Joseph Allen, Lieut. 
John Sterrett, Eiusign Thomas Peckly. (56). 

9th Company— €apt. James Williams, 
Lieut. Bartholomew Kindred, Ensign James 
Dunn. (61). 

Total strength of the regiment, 407 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(15) Ewlng's iReglment, Kentucky Mounted 


Organized September 18, 1812. Field and 
staff: Lieut Colonel Young E^^ing, Majors 
Solomon P. fi^harp, Alexander Adair, Adju- 
tant Joel Shaw, Quartermasters C. M. Cov- 
ington, Wm. Whitaett Judge Advocate 
James Blain, Surgeon John C. Ray, and 
three sergeants. 

1st Company— Capt. Samuel H. Curd, 
Lieut. Wm. Stewart, Ensign Wilson Whlt- 
sitt (63.) 

2d Company— <:;apt John Butler, Lieut. 
Robt. Trabue, Ensign James Leber. (67). 

3d Company — Capt. Fidelio C. ShariP, 
Lieut. Samuel A. Bowen, Ensigni James 
Denman. (28). 

4th Company — Capt. Wm. Bwiii^» Ueot 
Seth Hargrave, E&isign Nathaniel filwiog. 

5th Company-^Capt Samuel CaldweH 
Lieut John Bryan, Ensign Henry Y. Bur- 
gess. (32). 

6th Company— <:;apt James Forbes. Lieut 
Charles Haney, Ensign Wm. Thompson. 

Total strength of the regiment 406 olS- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(16) Johnson's RegUnent, Kentucky 
Mounted Volunteer infantry. 

This regiment was first mustered in on 
May 20, 1813, and was reorganized and en- 
larged on August 15, 1813, in preparation 
for the Thames campaign. Field and staff: 
Colonel Richard M. Johnson, Lieut Colonel 
James Johnson, Majors Deval (Payne, David 
Thompson, James Suggett, Adjutant Jere- 
miah Kirtley, Quartermaster Benjamin S. 
Chambers, Paymaster James Johnson, 
Judge Advocate Samuel Theobalds, Gar- 
geons Robert M. E2wing, John C. Richard- 
son, Wilson Cohurn, Jeremiah A. Miatthews, 
and four sergeants, etc. 

1st Company — Capts. Allen A. Hamilton 
and Elijah Craig, Lieuts. Jos. Bell, John 
HolUday, Thomas Easterday, Benj. Craig, 
Ensign Robert Berry. (117). 

2d Company— Capt* James Coleman, 
Lieuts. John McMUllan, Samuel Logan, Wm." 
Clarice, Ensign Carter Anderson. (118). 

3d Company — Capt. Wm. M. Rice, Lieuts. 
Morgan Bryan, Joseph Thomas, Matthew 
Milsey, Ensign Elista Scott. (118). 

4th Company — Capt. Jacob Eniiston. 
Lieuts. John B. White, William McGinnis, 
Leonard Seays, Ensign Edward Harris. 

5th Company— Capt Samuel R. Combs, 
Lieuts. H. P. Thornton, James H. Hill 
James M. Cogswell. (133). 

6th Company — Capt. James Davidson, 
Lieuts. John Lapsley, Hiigh W. McKee, 
Wier Tilford, Ensign Robert O. Fost^^ 

7th Company— Capt. Richard Mlatson, 
Lieuts. Robert Scroggins, Wm. McHatton, 
Ralph Jacoby, Ensign John Brice. (112). 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


8th Company — Capt. Robert B. McAfee 
LieutB. John R. Cardwell, David LdUard 
"W^llUam Sharp, Ensign David Adams. (163) 

9th Company — Capt. Jacob Stucker, 
Ueutfi. Thomas Story, William Massie* An 
drew Johnson, Ensign Tnrner Branham 

10th Company — Capt. iRobert Berry/Lieut 
Henley Roberts, ESnsign James Slott. (66) 

11th Company— 'Cupts. Benjamin Bran 
bam, John W. Reading, Ueut. Wm. GrifTith 
Snsign Wim. Mosby. (67). 

12th Company — Capt. William Church 
Lrieut. John Hughey, Ensign James Ster 
man. (48). 

Total strength of the regiment, 1,384 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(17) Trotter's Regiment, Kentuclcy 
Mounted Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 20, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Colonel 
George Trotter, Majors Richard M. Gano, 
Thomas Bodley, Adjutant Wm. Montgomery, 
Quartermasters ^Nathan O. Dedman, Field- 
ing Bradford, Paymaster Ambrose Dudley, 
S-urgeons John Young, Archimides Smith, 
John McDowell, and a Quartermaster- 

1st Company — Capt. I>avid Todd, Lieut. 
George Y. Ross, Ensign John M. Heran. 

2d CJompany— Capt. Gustavus W. Brown, 
Lieut. Bartholomew Kindred, ESnsign Smith 
Bradshaw. (86). 

3d Company— Capt. John Christopher, 
Lieut. Solomon Dunnegan, Ensign Thomas 
W. Sellers. (82). 

4 th Company — Capt. Mason Singleton, 
Lieut. Benj. Williams, Ensign Thomas 
Haydon. (52). 

5th Company— Capt. Miatthew tFlournoy, 
Lieut. John Wyatt, Ensign Thomas C. 
Floumpy. (56). 

6th Company-<;apt. Joseph Redding, 
Lieut. Charles W. Hall, (Ensign Christopher 
C. Acuff. (114). 

7th CJompany— Capt. S. W. Megowan, 
Lieut. James Megowan, Ensign James Mc- 
Connell. (45). 

Total strength of the regiment, 437 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(18) Davenport's Regiment, Kentucky 
Mounted Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 25, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff. iLieut. 
~X?0lonel Richard Davenport, '-Majors John 
Falkner, Benjamin H. Perkins, Adjutant 
Samuel I. McDowell, Quartermaster John 
Glover, Paymaster Michael Q. Zonce, Sur- 
geons Rol3ert McConnell, Joseph Berry, and 
two sergeants. 

1st Company— ^apt. Jesse Coffee, Lieut. 
Thomas Kennedy, Ensign Robert T. Lewis. 

2d Company— <Capt. John Falkner, Lieut. 
Stephenson Richardson, iESnsign Isaac 
Rentfrow. (80). 

3d Company— Capt. Michael Davidson, 
Lieut. John Bright, ETnsign Samuel Engle- 
man. (63). 

4th Company — Capt. Ahram Miller, Lieut 
Alexander Givene, Ensign Joseph H. Wool- 
folk. (63). 

5th Company— Capt. Archibald Bilbo, 
Lieuts. Silas Harlan, Thomas P. Moore, 
Ensign Elijah Harlan. (98). 

Total strength of the regiment, 358, offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(19) Donaldson's Regiment, Kentucky 

Mounted Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 26, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: 
Colonel John iDonaldson, Majors William 
Farrow and James Mason, Adjutant John 
R Porter, Quartermasters James Daniel 
and William V. Morris, Paymaster Wiley 
R. Brasfleld, Surgeon Robert P. Taliaferro, 
and four sergeants, etc. 

1st Company — Capt. Richard Menefee, 
Lieut. Daniel P. Moseley, Ehisign Harrison 
Connor. (55). 

2d Company— JCapt. Isaac Cunningham, 
Lieut. John Bean, Ensign Henry Smith** 

3d Company-^apt. George Matthews, 
Lieut. John Taylor, Ensign George Taylor. 

4th Company— Capt. James Sympson, 


I MlHH r «r tli« K«MN#iy MUH MlnUrtOil tocMr* 

Ltoul Eadinuo4 CaUaway, Eoaign PleaMnt 
Bush. (61). 

5th Company — Capt. Jamei Maaon, Lieut 
John Crawford, Ensign Amos Richardson. 

6th Compcuiy— Capt. George W. Botts, 
Lieut. Dorsey K. Stockton, Shisign Thomas 
Patton. (54). 

Total strength of the regiment, 386 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(20) Taul's Regiment, Kentucky Mounted 

Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 30, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Colonel 
Mlcah Taul, Majors Samuel Wibson, Thomas 
Laughlin, Adjutant Wilson Bowman, Quart- 
ermaster William Scott, Paymaster Jona^ 
than Smith, Surgeons Henry B. Green, 
Henry E. Innes, and two sergeants. 

'1st Company — Capt. Micah Taul, Lieut. 
Wm. Stephens, Ensign Bartholomew Hay- 
den. (74). 

2d Company — Capt. Samuel Wilson, Lieut. 
James Qholson, BTnsign Samuel Stockton. 

3d Company— Capt. William Wood, Lieut. 
Arthur Progg, Shislgn (Edward Beck. (49). 

4th Company-~<7apt. Samuel Tate, Lieut. 
Robert Gllmore, Ensign Jonathan Smith. 

5th Company — Capt. Thomas Laug'hlin, 
UeutB. George W. Craig, Nathaniel D. 
Moore, Ensign Joseph Early. (66). 

Total strength of the regiment, 330 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(21) Poage's Regiment, Kentucky Mounted 

Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 31, 1813 for the Thames 
campaign. Field and staff: (Colonel John 
Poage, Majors Aaron Stratton, Jeremiah 
Martin, Adjutant John E. McDowell, Quart- 
ermaster Samuel L. Crawford, Paymaster 
John Hockaday, Surgeons Andrew Doni- 
phan, Thomas Nelson, and two sergeants. 

let Company — ^Lieut. Arise Throckmorton, 
Ehisign William Reed. (36). 

2d Company — Capt. Jeremiah Martin, 
Lieuts. BenJ. Norris, Stephen Bayliss, En- 
sign Thomas Anderson. (128). 

3d Company — Capt. Moses Demitt, Lieut 

Thomas Hord, Bneign Joseph Thorn. (49). 

4th Company — Capt (Francis A. Gaines, 
Ueut Thos. T. O. Waring» Ensign Thomas 
Psge. Sr. (54). 

5th Company — Capt. Aaron Stratton. 
Lieuts. Ricliard Soward, Cteorge W. Dayis. 

Total strength of the regiment, 344 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(22) Mountjoy's Regiment Kentucky 
Mounted Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 31, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Colonel 
William Mountjoy, Majors Conrad Over- 
dewple, Zachariah Eastin, Adjutant Daniel 
Bourne, Paymaster John M. Garrard, Quart- 
ermaster Wm. Dickinson, Daniel Ayeis, 
Surgeons John (Ik>nn, Innis Woodward. 

Ist Company — Capt. James Armstrong. 
Lieut. BnoB Woodward, Ensign Jesse Pig- 
man. (65). 

2d Company— C8(Pt. John H. Morria. Ueut 
Coleman Ayres, ICnsign Martin Hoagland. 

3d Company— <?apt. Thomas C^ilders. 
Lieut. John Mountjoy, Ensign William 
Little. (67). 

4th Company— <^apt Wm. Hutchison, Jr.. 
Lieut. John Current, E2nsign William Thorn- 
ton. (78). 

5th Company — Capt. Squire Grant 
Lieut Wm. Dickenson, Ensign Lowdea 
Carl. (41). 

6th Company — Capt. Thos. RaTensi^mft 
Lieut Samuel Hinkson, David Wilson, Kn- 
sign Samuel Snodgraas. (68). 

Total strength of the reigment 357 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(23) Reniek's 'Regiment Kentucky Mounted 
Volunteer Mllltla. 

Organised August 31, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Colonel 
Henry Renick, Majors Joseph Homhack, 
Robert Garrett Adjutant Joseph M. Hoys, 
Quartermaster Sherrard Atkerson, Pay- 
master Martin H. Wickliffe, Surgeons 
William Gray, Joseph McGriffin, and a 

hat Company — Capt. Samuel Robertson, 

Rti<«tor ol th« fCtntiidcy WtmU Hi«lorlGal toeUly. 


Lieut. ThouM flwd, iBbstsn Thomfts Hun- 
gate. (69). 

2d Compe&r-^Caiit JcAin Homback, Lieut 
Daniel Brown, (E&iaisn Robert Lewis Pryor. 

3d Company— Capt. Thos. W. Atkineon, 
Lieut Jo0es>h M. Hays, Bnsiga EUijah Stapp. 

4th CoB^pany-— Capt. Thos. S. T. Moes, 
Lient Joehua Brents, Ensign Jesse F&ris. 

,5tli (^mpany— €apt Win. R. McOary, 
Lieut. Israel Davis, Ensign Henry Ashby. 

Total etrength of the regiment, 364 ofti- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(24) Callaway's Regiment, Kentucky 
Mounted Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 31, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Colonel 
John Callaway, Majors John Arnold, Philip 
White, Adjuunt Joshua Norvell, Quarter- 
master and Paymaster Benjamin Bridges, 
Surgeons Robert D. Dawson, James M. 
Baxley, Gabriel Field, and one sergeant. 

1st Company--Capt James Kite, Lieut. 
Isaac Clark, Ensign Richard Mills. (42). 

2d Company — Capt. Robinson Graham, 
Lieut. John Hays, Ensign John R. Noland. 

&d Company— <:Japt. Philip Shively, Lieut. 
William Shively, Ensign V/m. 0. McKenney. 

4th Company — Capt. Edward George, 
Lieut. Benj. Coons. (65.) 

6th Company — Capt. Samuel Kelly, Lieut. 
John Shaw, Ensign Benjamin Bridges. (77). 

6th Company— Capt. Elleazer Heddin. 
Lieut. William Hall, Ensign Andrew Toung. 

Total strength of the regiment, 288 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(26) Si^raire Regiment, Kentucky Mounted 
Veluhteer Militia. 

Organized August 31, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Lieut. 
Colonel James Simrall, Majors Thomas 
Johnston, Benjamin Logan, Adjutant Wm. 
E. Young, Quartennatiter George Gay, 
Paymaster Fielding Winlock, Surgeons 

Robert Thurston, John Moore, and three 
sergeants, etc. 

1st Company— Capt. John Hall, Lteats. 
fsaac Watklns, John Myles, Jr., Ikislgn 
Alexander Ferguson. (76). 

2d Company — Capt. Warner Elmore, 
Lieut. Richard Patterson, Ensign Thomas 
M. E:merson. (72). 

3d Company — Capt Presley C. Smith, 
Lieut. Martin Harding, Ebsign John Hardin. 

4th Company— Capt. James S. Whittaker, 
Lieuts. Jos. W. Knight, James L. Holmes, 
Ensign John Whittaker. (71). 

6th Company — Capt. Richard Bennett, 
Lieut. Wm. Robineon, ^Ehisign Jesse Kenm&- 
day. (43). 

6th Company— 'Capt. Jos. Simrall, Lieuts. 
William Adams, John Hall, Comet Samuel 

Total strength of the regiment, 452 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(26) Barbour's Regiment, Kentucky Mounted 
Volunteer Militia. 

Organized August 31, 1813, for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff. Lieut. 
Colonel Philip Barbour, Majors Jamefi 
Gorin, John Barnett, Adjutant Horatio D. 
Owatkin, Quartermaster James T. Barbour, 
Paymaster Thomas B. Lee. Surgeons 
Thomas Pollard, Thomas Booth, and two 

1st Company— Capt. William Ewing, En- 
sign Daniel Hoy. (26). 

2d Company — ^Ensign Young Ewing. (13). 

3d Company — Capt Robert E. Tates, 
Lieut. Robert Scobee, Ensign Isaac Thomas. 

4th Company— Capt. Philip Bartwur, 
Lieut. Daniel Wilson, Ensign Nevill Lind- 
say. (28). 

6th Company— Capt. Wm. Whitsitt, 
Lieuts. Robt. P. B. Caldwell, Wtaa. S. Lof- 
land. Ensign James McDonald. (82). 

6th Company — Capt. Joseph McCloskey, 
Lieuts. John Wooten, John Huston, Ensign 
John Robinson. (61). 

7th Company — Capt. Wm. R. Payne, 
Lieuts. Richard D. Neale, James Maicey, 
Ensign Hiram Roundtree. (77). 



RegMer of th* K«fitu«lcy 8Ute HIttorlear Society. 

8th ComiMuiy—Iiieut. Andrew Walker. 

9th Company — Capt John Gorin, Lieut. 
Charles Kanrey, Ensign Richard Waggoner. 

10th Company — Capt. James Tyler» 
Lleuts. Philip Thompson, Benjamin New- 
ton, Ensign Thomas Moseley. (65). 

Total strength of the regiment, 475 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(27) Dudley's Regiment, Kentucky Mou4ited 
Volunteer Militia. 

Organized September 20, 1814. Field and 
staff: Major Peter Dudley, Adjutant Elijah 
C. Berry, Quartermaster Robert Crouch, 
Paymaster James I. Pendleton, Surgeon 
John Roberts, and three sergeants, etc. 

1st Company — Capt. Micajah McClung, 
Lieut. Wm. W. Wilkerson, Ensign Aquila 
Young. (55). 

2d Company — Capt. James Sympson, 
(Lieut. John Bruner, Ensign Robert Clark. 

3d Company — Capt. Thomas P. JMJoore. 
Lieuts. John R. Cardwell, John Sharp, En- 
sign iRichard Power. (47). 

4th Company — Capt. John Miller, Lieut. 
Nicholas Miller, Ensign John Vertrees. (29). 

5th Company— Capt. Martin H. Wickliffe, 
Lieut. Hector McClean, (Ehislgn Alexander 
Roberts. (28). 

6th Company — Capt. Isaac Watkins, 
Lieuts. Joslah Jackson, (Michael Collier, en- 
sign Benjamin Whittaker. (77). 

7th Company— Capt. Joe. B. Lancaster, 
Lieut. Fleming Robertson, Ensign William 
Myers. (44). 

Total strength of the regiment, 344 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(2) Renlck's Battalion, Kentucky Mounted 


Organized September 18, 1812. Com- 
manded by Major Henry Renick. 

1st Company— Capt. William Black, Lieut. 
Josiah Collins, Ensign Richard Benton. 

2d Company— Capt. William Smith, Lieut 
Samuel Lewie, Ensign Chas. C. Carson. 

3rd Company— Capt. Thomas DoUarhlde, 

Lieut. John Cowan, Ensign Jeaae ESrans. 


Total strength of the battalion, 127 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(3) Batullon of Kentucky Mounted 
Voiufiteer Militia. 

Organized June 24, 1813, and attached to 
Col. Wm. Russell's regiment of U. S, Reg- 
ulars. Field and ataff: Majors Walt^- 
Wilson, Robert B^ran8, Jas. Cox, John 
Thomas, Adjutant Wm. Harding, Jr., Quart- 
ermaster Joseph Allen, Aide-de-camp John 
Bartholomew, and one Sergeant. 

Ist Company— Capt. Thos. Kincheloe, 
Lieut. David H. Moorman, Ensign Isaac 
DeHaven. (42). 

2d Company — Capt. Benjamin Shacklett, 
Lieut. Edward Rawlins, Ensign Joseph 
Mannin. (42). 

3d Company — Capt. John Callaway, Lieut 
George Roberts, Ensign Isaac Forbes. (45). 

Total strength of the battalion, 129 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

Independent Companies. 

(3) Capt. John Callaway's Company. 
Kentucky Mounted MUltla, organized Sep- 
tember 18, 1812. Lieut. George Roberta, 
Ensign Isaac Forbes. (45). 

(4) Capt. George Baltzell's Company. 
Kentucky ^Mounted Volunteer Militia, organ- 
ized September 22, 1813, for the Thames 
camrpaign. X*ieut. Samuel Arnold, E^bsign 
James Clark. (37). 

(28) First Regiment, Kentucky Light 


Organized August 27, 1812.. Field and 
staff: Colonel James Slmrall, Majors James 
McDowell, Joseph Slmrall, Adjutant George 
Grey, Quartermaster James Hlte, Pay- 
master James Bradshaw, <Suiigeons Benja- 
min Smith, Melancthon Pettltt, and 6 
Sergeants, etc. 

1st Company— Capt. George Trotter. 
Lleuts. John ML Fisher, James G. Trotter. 

2d Company — Capt. Thomas Johnstor,^ 
Lieuts. Wm. Adams, John Hall. (68). 

3d C3ompany — Capt Warner Elmore, 
Lleuts. Wm. Hobson, Thos. C. Pile. (44). 

4th Company— Capt. Wm. K • Young; 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 


Ldeuts. Isaac Newland, Wm. G. Boyd. CS4). 

5tli €ompan7--<:;apt. Robt Smitli, Ideutfl. 
John Payne, James Chiles. (38). 

Total strength of the regiment, 294 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(29) Williams' Regiment, Kentucky Vol- 
unteer Light Dragoons. 

Organized August 31, 1813» for the 
Thames campaign. Field and staff: Colonel 
William Williams, Majors Jeremiah Strode, 
Lewis Kincheloe, Adjutant Archibald 
Woods, Quartermasters James Jones, Will 
H. Ash'by, Paymaster Matthew Clarke, Sur- 
geons Stephen Taylor, John Bennett, and 3 

1st Company — Capt. Benjamin Bayles, 
liieutfi. Winslow Parker, James A. Paxton. 

2d Company — Capt. Sylvanus Massle, 
Lieut. Andrew Briscoe, Ensign Joseph 
Black. (57). 

3d Company — Capt. Lewis Kincheloe, 
Lieut. Chas. F. Wing, Ensign John Dobyns. 

4th Company — Capt. Thomas McJiUon, 
Lieut. Robert Baker, Ensign Pleasant 
Parker. (32). 

5th Company— Capt. Johnston Dysart, 
Lieut. Chas. C. Carson, Ensign Joseph Hen- 
derson. (47.) 

6th Company— Capt. John C. McWlUiams, 
Lieut. John W. Elliott, Ensign Richard Gen- 
try. (54. 

7th Company— Capt. Richard C Holder, 
Lieut. Archibald Woods, Ensign William 
Harris. (50). 

8th Company— ^Capt. John Hayden, Lieuts. 
Wm. Furnish, Jonathan Hedger, Ensign 
David Ralston. (39). 

9th Company — Capt. Wm. Berryman, 
Lieut. Willis J. Williams, Ensign Henry 
Collins. (51). 

10th Company— Capt. Henry R. Lewis, 
Lieut. R<>bert McClure, E^nsign Oreenleaf, 
Norvell. (19). 

Total strength of the regiment. 423 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(1) Battalion of Kentucky Light Dragoons. 

Organized October 16, 1811, for the Tippe- 
canoe campaign. Field and staff: Major 

Samuel Wells, Adjutant James Hunter, 
Aide-de-camp George Croghan. 

1st Company — Capt. Peter Funk, Lieut 
Lewis Hlte, Cornet Samuel Kelly. (30). 

2d Company — Capt. Frank Geiger, Ldeut 
Presley Ross, Comet WllUam Edwards. 

Total strength of the battalion, 96 officers 
and enlisted men. 

Independent Company. 

(5) Captain John iPayne's company of 
Kentucky Light Dragoons, organized August 
7, 1813, for the Thames campaign, and at- 
tached to Col. Richard M. Johnson's regi- 
ment, but not properly a part of It. Lieuts. 
James W.' Cobum, John T. Parker, James 
Ellis. (53). 
(30) First Rifle Regiment, Kentucky Mllltla. 

Organized August 15, 1812. Field and 
staff: Colonel John Allen, Majors Martin 
D. Hardin, George Madison. Adjutant Rich- 
ard Bledsoe, Quartermaster Peter O. 
Voorheis, Paymaster Peter Dudley, Sur- 
geons Thomas C. Davis, 'Benjamin Logan, 
Chaplain Thomas Mitchell, and six 
sergeants, etc. 

Ist Com-pany— Capt. William Ellis, Lieut. 
Richard Matson, Ensign Francis Chinn. 


2d Company—Capt. Wm. Kerley, Lieut. 
Harrison Munday, Ensign Davis Hardine. 


3d Company— Capt. John Simpson, Lieut. 
Thomas Mitchell, Ensign George Cardwell. 


4th Company— Capt. Bland W. Ballard, 
Lieut. John Williamson, Ensign John W. 
Nash. (86). 

5th Company— Capt. Maurice Langmore, 
Lieut. Abraham Keller, Ensign Joseph 
Morin. (82). 

6th Company— Capt. Virgil McCraeken, 
Lieut. Thomas Brooks, Ensign Henry Stone. 

7th (Company — Capt. John Edmlston, 
Lieut. Richard Bledsoe, Ensign Paul Allen 
Prewitt. (81). 

8th Company — Capt. Paschal Hickman, 
Lieut. Peter Dudley, Ensign Peter G. 
Voorheis. (86). 


RoQM«r off \h% Ktfltoeky WkmU HMortal SooMy. 

Total strenstii of the regiment, 585 offi- 
cers and emitted men. 
<31) Third Rvalment, Kentucky Riflemen. 

Organized September 1, 1812. Conmanded 

by Colonel Richard y[, Johnson. Balance 

of field and staff not given, would consist 
of about 12 officers, etc. 

iBt Company — Capt. Wm. Pkrrow, Lieut. 
Jesse IDaniel, (E>nsign John Crawford. (73). 

2d Company — Capt Geonge Means, Liieut. 
John Boyd, Ensign Hugh Hanna. (31). 

3d Company — Capt. Joseph Clark, Lieut. 
Edmund Callaway, Ensign Samuel R. 
Combs. (43). 

4th Company — Capt. G«orge Stockton. 
Lieuts. Benjamin Mosby, Henry Clay. (81). 

5th Company — Capt. James Johnson, 
Lieuts. Joseph Boyd, James Suggett, En- 
sign Elijah Stapp. (72). 

6th Company— Capt. Charles Wbrd, 
Lieuts. Walker Reed, Wm. Holston, Ensign 
James Dougherty. (52). 

7th Company — Capt. Jacob Ellerston, 
Lieut. Wm. Robinson, Ensigns Wm. Boyd, 
'V^lm. W. Penny. (70). 

8th Company — Ensign John Hunt. (14). 

Total strength of the regiment, 448 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(32) Third Regiment, Kentucky Detached 


Organized September 1, 1812. Field and 
staff: Lieut. Colonel Nicholas Miller, Majors 
Benjamin Shacklett, David Hardin, Adju- 
tant Wm. Hardin, Quartermaster James 
McCarty, Paymaster Samuel McClarty, 
Surgeons Daniel B. Potter, Joseph Wlnlock, 
and 3 Sergeants, etc. 

Ist Company— Capt. Fredk. W. S. Gray- 
son, Lieut. Robert Alexander, Ensign 
Thomas I. Wilson. (87). 

2d Company — Capt. James Hal!, Lieut. 
Wm. Marsh, 'E^nslgn Thos. Evans. (68). 

4th Company — Capt. Solomon Branden- 
berg, Lieut. John Shehi, Ensign John* Fulk- 
erson. (84). 

5th Company — Capt Wm. Berryman, 
Lieut. John M. Robinson, Ensign King L- 
Williams. (90). 

6th Company — Capt. Liberty Green, Lieut. 

Samuel Durham. Enstgii Simeon Cowh«i 


7th Company— Capt. Wm. W^ker, UesL 
Samuel McCarty, Bnaign Aobt 6. Ttt«i. 

8th Company--Capt Alexander Stoirt, 
Ueut. John Grider, finsign Fielding Gate- 
wood. (82). 

9th Company— Capts. Wm. BerryxBta, 
Alexander Stuart, Lieut. John Grider, Sn- 
signs King L. WilMams, Edmund Hall, 

Total strength of the regiment. 714 oifi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(33) Boawell'a Regiment, Kentucky De- 

tached Militia. 

Organized Msich 6, jS13. Commanded bv 
Lieut. Colonel William E. Boswell; refit of 
field and staff (about 12) not named. 

1st Company — Capt. Wm. Sebree, Lieut 
Streshley Allen, Ensign Nathaniel Vice. 

2d Company— CJapt. John *D. Thomas, 
Lieut. George Pickett, Ensign Matthev 
Woods. (78). 

3d Company— Capt. Thomas Metcalfe, 
Lieut. John Baker, Ensign Robt. C. HalL 

4th Company — Capt. Manson Seamonds, 
Lieut. Wm. McClanahan, Ensign James 
Ardery. (99). 

5th Company — Capt. Isaac Gray, U^^ 
John Leech, Ensign HAia;h Clark. (79). 

6th Company— Capt. Peter Dudley, Ue«tB. 
George Baltzell, Samuel Arnold. Ensign 
George W. Gayle. (117). 

7th Company— C:apt. John Baker, L'ent 
Benjamin Bean, Ensign John Waller. (103)- 

8th Company-— Capt. John Walker, Went 
Wm. Johns, Ensign James Young. (105). 

Total strength of the regiment, 794 otf- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(34) SfaugtheKs Regiment, Kentucky De- 

tached Militia. 
Organized November 10. 1814, for tfie 
New Orleans campaign. Field and staffs 
Lieut. Colonel Gabriel Slaughter, Majors 
Lenty Armstrong, Wm. Wakefield, Lleutfc 
Samuel Macoun, Wm. Rodes and K'»?er 
Thompson, Assistant Quartermaster J<'^i^ 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorical Society. 


Thompson, Surgeons Horatio Gaither, 
George C. Berry, and three srergeants, etc. 

Ist Company— Capt. George McAfee, 
Lieut. Wm. Bohon, Ensign John M. Jordan. 

2d Company — Capt. John 'E^ran8, Lieut. 
John Cuppenbeifer, Eacign Robert 'Jilu.ore. 

3d Company — Capt. Leonard P. Higden, 
Lieut. David Huston, Ensign John Toung. 

4th Company — Capt. Jonathan Owsley* 
Lieut. Loftis Coo^, Ensign Stephen Lyons. 

5th Company — Capt. John Farmer, Lieut. 
Wllloughby Ashby, Ensign John Pigg. (73.) 

6th Company— Capt. Adam Vickery, 
Lieut. John Gkurner, Ensign John Barrow. 

7th Company — Capt. Wm. Wood, Lieut. 
Peter Oatman, Ensign Thomas Brown. 

8th Company — Capt. Wm. Wade, Lieut. 
John Riffe, Ensign Matthew Coffee. (86.) 

9th Company — Capt. Edward Berry, Lieut. 
David Rodman, Ensign Thomas Mclntlre. 

10th Company-r-Capt. Wm. Phillips, 
Lieut. Godhart Smack, (Ensign John Lud- 
wlck. (87). 

Total strength of the regiment, 789 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 
(35) Gray's Aeffiment* Kentucky Detached 


Organized Novemer 10, 1814, for the New 
Orleans campaign. Field and staff: Lieut. 
Colonels Presley Gray, John Davis, Majors 
James Johnson, WIm. Walker, Zeba Holt, 
Adjutant S. C. Stephens, Quartermaster 
Zachariah Terrill, Paymaster (3eorge P. 
Miller, Surgeons Allen A. Hamilton, Henry 
Winelow, Samuel Stewart, and 5 Sergeants* 

1st Company — Captt Robert Thmston, 
Lieut. Henry Oresham, I^nsign John D. 
Gott. (77). 

2d Company—^apt Thomas Joyes, Lieut 
Andrew Porttorf, Ensign Samuel Brickson. 

8d Company— Ci^t. William Wa&er, 

Lieut. John Smith, Ensign John Wefbb. 

4th Company — Capt. Joseph Funk, >Lieut 
Thomas Todd, Ensign Martin Adams. (77). 

5th Company — Capt*. Zeba Holt, Lieut. 
John Mbntgomery, Ensign Adam Mowny. 

6th Company — Capt. Wm. Ganaway, 
Lieut. Julius C. Jackson, Ensign John Field. 

7th Company— Capt. Jacob Peacock, 
Lieut. 'Benjamin Henson, Ensign John 
Kelly. (70). 

8th Company— Capt. Zach Terrell, Lieut. 
David Adams, Ensign James Perry. (78). 

9th Company— Capt. Aaron Hart, Lieut. 
Moses Hart, Ensign Nathan Tucker. (45). 

10th Company — Capt. James Ford, Lieut. 
Joel Honeybrough, Ensign John I. Roberts. 

Total strength of the regiment, 721 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(36) Mitchusson's Regiment, Kentucky De- 
tached Milltfa. 

Organized November 20, 1814, for the 
New Orleans campaign. Field and staff: 
Lieut. Colonels William Mitchusson, 
Samuel Parker, !M)aJors Reuben Harrison, 
Thompson Crenshaw, Adjutant Josiah Ram- 
sey, Quartermaster Christopher G. Honts, 
Paymaster Wm. 'Prince, Surgeons John C. 
Pentecost, Stephen C. Dorris, and three 
sergeants, etc. 

1st Company— <5apt. Thos. GrifFin, Lieut. 
Boswell PuUiam, Dnoign Allen Hays. (77). 

2d €k)mpany — Capt. Robert Smith, Lieut 
Morton A. Rucker, Ensign Asa Turner. 

3d Company-'Capt Thos. Sterrett, Lieut. 
John Austin, Ensign Hienry Hines. (76). 

4th Company — Capt Sam'l F. Malone, 
Lieut. Elias Button, Ensign Dennis Cochran. 

5th Company— Capt John C. Dodd, Lieut 
Wm. Harrall, Ensign Bert Moore. (84.) 

6th Company— Capt. Edward Wifbum, 
Lieut John M. Cabiness, Ensign Jamea 
Baring. (62). 

7th Company — Capt. Robt Fazton, Lieut 
Daniel Zlbb, Ensign WllUam Rhea. (80). 

Sig. 6 


Regitlm* of tM Kentucky OUto Hlttorleal SoeMy. 

8th Company — €apt. James Robinflon, 
Lieut Luke Nicholas, duBign George 
Negley. (71). 

9th Company— Capt. Alney McLean, 
Lieuts. Bphraim M. Brank, Wm. Alexander, 
Ehisign Isaac Davis. (79.) 

10th Company— 'Capt. <Robt. Patterson, 
Lieut. John Henry, Bhislgn James Porter. 

Total strength of the regiment, 746 offi- 
cers and enlisted men. 

(Total in the New Orleans campaign, 

Independent Companies. 

(6) Capt. John Duvall's Company of Ken- 
tucky Detached Militia; organized March 
4, 1813. Lieut. William Brown, ESnsigns 
Richard Tyner, Daniel Johnson. (100). 

(7) Lieut. John Boswell's Company Ken- 
tuoky Detached Militia; organized February 
12, 1814. (39.) 

(8) Ensign William Clark's Company 
Kentucky Detached Militia; organized Feb- 
ruary 18, 1814. (27). 

(1) Kentucky Battalion, Mounted Spies. 

Organized September 18, 1812. Field and 
staff: Major Toussaint Dubois, Adjutant 
David Owens, and one Sergeant. 

Ist Comapny— Capt William Smeathers. 

2d Company— Capt. William Polk. (20). 

3d Company--Capt. Christopher Miller. 

4th (Company — >(^pt. Cornelius Washburn. 

Total strength, officers and enlisted ses, 

Independent Companies of Spies. 

(1) Capt. Leslie Comb's eompanr of 
"Green Clay" spies; organized April 11. 
1813. (13). 

(2) Capt. Leslie Comb's Companj of 
spies, attached to Col. Wm. Dudley's Regi- 
ment; organised June 2, 1813. (6). 

(3) Capt. Roland Burk's Company of 
spies; organized September 30, 1813. (21). 

(4) Capt. John B. London's Company of 
spies; organized September 30, 1813. (33). 


4 Regiments United States Regulars. S/lSS 
General Officers Kentucky Militia... 1' 
10 Regiments and 2 companies, in- 
fantry militia 7,WS 

17 Regiments, 2 battalions, 2 com- 
panies mounted militia ^^ 

2 Regiments, 1 battalion, 1 company, 
Kentucky Light Dragoons (miUtla) 8^ 

2 Rifle Regiments, Kentucky militia. \P 

5 Regiments, 3 companies, Kentucky 
detached militia ^^ 

1 Battalion, 4 companies, Kentucky 
spies, or militia scouts 


Total Kentucky militia 21,312 

Grand total, 4 regiments, Kentucky 
regulars, 36 regiments, 4 battalions, 
12 companies, Kentucky militia... 25.010 




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By Miss Sally Jackson. 


This street begins at the river 
and running parallel with it inter- 
sects Wilkinson and Washington, 
and terminates at the bridge, St. 

Clair street. It was named by an 
Englishman (a Mr. Instone) 
*^Wapping" for the streeet on 
which he lived in London, England. 

Mr. Instone came to this town 
at its founding. General Wilkin- 
son's plat of the town, made in 
1786, and still preserved in the 
county clerk's oflBce here, has the 
above described street on it mark- 
ed **Wapping." Mr. Instone must 
have had a considerable fortune, 
for we find his name published 
among the earliest owners of 
steamboats on this river, plying 
between here and New Orleans, 
and early in this century* he built 
for himself and family a handsome 
residence on the site of the one 
now owned by the Misses Burnley. 

The two children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Instone were daughters. 
Anna Maria married Dr. James 
Crockett, of this county, a promi- 
nent physician, and nephew of 

•Article was written In 1898.— Ed. 

Governor Letcher; Judith, the 
other daughter, married a Mr. 
Botts, of Flemingsburg, Ky. 

The first house on the north side 
of the street, on the corner of 
Wapping and Wilkinson, was 
built in 1835 by the Hon. John 
Brown, the first United States 
Senator from this State, for his 
son Orlando. It is an elegant old 
style house, in a fine state of pres- 
ervation at this date. 

Col. Orlando Brown's talents 
and fitness for high positions were 
recognized in the high positions 
he occupied. He was in President 
Taylor's Cabinet as Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs, and as a jour- 
nalist (notably as editor of the 
Frankfort Commonwealth) , he 
was considered by many as the 
peer of George D. Prentice. Col. 
Brown was twice married. His first 
wife was his cousin, Mary, a 
daughter of Dr. Preston Brown. 
Their three children were Euphe- 
mia, Mason and Orlando, Jr. The 
two first died unmarried. Orlando, 
Lieutenant Colonel in the Federal 
army in the late war, married in 
1866, Miss Bettie Hord, daughter 
of Judge Lysander Hord. 

Col. Orlando Brown married a 


Reglttor of th« Kentucky 8taU Historical Society. 

second time in 1852, Mrs. Cordelia 
Brodhead, (nee Price) widow of 
Mr. Lucas Brodhead, Sr., of this 

On the northeast corner of Wap- 
ping and Wilkinson was a house 
built by Judge Thomas Todd, for 
his sister, a widow from Virginia, 
Mrs. Mildred Tunstall. The street 
was then ungraded, and when this 
was done some years afterward it 
left the house on a considerable 
elevation. A Mr. Dryden pur- 
chased the place at the death of 
Mrs. Tunstall, improved the lot, 
leveling it to its present grade. Mr. 
Dryden was an architect and 
builder, an officer in fhe Presbyter- 
ian Church, and brother of Mrs. 
Matilda Beading. 

The next owner was the Hon. 
James Harlan. Mr. Harlan came 
here from Lincoln County, to be 
Secretary of State under Gover- 
nor Eobert P. Letcher in 1840. He 
married Miss Davenport of Mer- 
cer County. They had eight 
children, five sons, John M., and 
Jas. Harlan, Jr., Eichard, William 
and Clay, the last named was an in- 
tellectual prodigy who died young — 
about nineteen years old. John M., 
now in 1897 Justice on the Supreme 
Bench of the United States, mar- 
ried Miss Mallie Shanklin of 
Evansville, Indiana. James is 
also a distinguished jurist, Chan- 
cellor of the Louisville Chancery 
Court for many years. The three 
daughters of Hon. James Harlan, 
Sr., Mrs. Elizabeth Hatchitt, 
widow of the late Dr. Hatchitt, 
a physician and ex-postmaster of 
this city, a woman of fine sense 
and beautiful taste, now residing 

with her only living child, Clay 
Hatchitt a farmer in Scott County, 
Ky. Miss Laura Harlan married 
the Hon. Francis Cleveland, State 
Senator. Sally married Porter 
Hiter, a farmer of Woodford Coun- 
ty, Kentucky. Only two of that 
large family are living at this date, 
•Justice Harlan and Mrs. Hatchitt. 
Parents and children rest in '*the 
village on the hill. ' ' The house was 
torn away to make room for the 
elegant one erected on the site by 
Captain Harry I. Todd, 1871-72. 
A biographical mention of this 
family will be found in Mrs. Wood- 
son ^s chapter on Washington 

Judge William Lindsay, TJ. S. 
Senator from Kentucky purchased 
the place from Captain Todd, and 
resides there. (Judge Lindsay 
since deceased.) 

The adjoining place east of the 
Lindsays ' was built about 1820 by 
Louis Sanders, who resided there 
some years, and sold it to Mr?. 
Hannah Price (nee Upshaw). Mr. 
Lucas Brodhead, Sr., purchased it 
from her, and enlarged it to it? 
present proportions. He married 
a daughter of Mrs. Price (Corde- 
lia). This brilliant and fascinat- 
ing lady held the admiration of the 
city from childhood until her 
death in 1874. Mr. and Mrs. Luca? 
Brodhead had six children. The 
eldest, **Blandina Ehnendorf" 
married in August 1858, Mr. John 
Bailor Temple, a lawyer from Kns- 
sellville, Ky., afterward first cash- 
ier of the Farmers Bank of this 

*Since the above was wrttten J^^ 
John M. Harlan has died, October. WH 

Register of th« Kentucky State Historical Society. 


city. Annette Magdalene married 
Daniel Swigert of this city. They 
now reside near Lexington, Ken- 
tucky. Cordelia* married Lieut. 
Robert Phythian, afterward Com- 
modore in the United States Navy. 
Lucas, their only living son (Rich- 
ard having died in youth), married 
Miss Sallie Breck. Bonnie mar- 
ried Lieut. Jack Todd, of the U. S. 
Army. She died at Fort Russell 
in 1869. 

After the death of Mr. Brodhead 
his widow married Col. Orlando 
Brown, Sr., and removed to his 
home on the comer of Wilkinson 
and Wapping (before mentioned) 
selling her former home to Dr. 
Hugh Rodman, a prominent physi- 
cian of this city. He greatly im- 
proved the house and grounds. He 
and his wife were among the most 
notable people of society here. They 
entertained charmingly, and de- 
voted much of their time to good 
works. Their children are Dr. 
William Rodman, of this city; Dr. 
John Rodman, of Abilene, Texas; 
Ensign Hugh Rodman, U. S. Navy ; 
Mrs. Nannie Duvall, Mrs. Lieut. 
Wright (nee Pattie Rodman), D. 
S. Army. After the death of Dr. 
Hugh Rodman, Mrs. Rodman dis- 
posed of the place, and Gen. Fay- 
ette Hewitt became the purchaser. 
He and his brother, Virgil Hewitt 
who married Miss Judith Drane, as 
his second wife, reside there. 

The adjoining lot on the corner 

of Wapping and Washington was 

"^the property of Clement Bell, Esq., 

*(Botli are now dead.) 

a pioneer settler, whose name is 
upon the list of lot owners in the 
city of Frankfort in 1797. (Collins 
History.) He built the first house 
on this lot, a two story frame build- 
ing, and this remained up to the 
year 1835, when Mr. Thomas Trip- 
lett bought it and built the present 
residence which Governor Letcher 
afterward purchased, and he and 
his beautiful and charming wife 
dispensed there for many years 
the most generous hospitality. 
Mrs. Letcher survived the Gov- 
ernor many years, and after 
her death it was purchased by 
Judge William Lindsay, and 
modernized. He resided there some 
years, when he exchanged houses 
with Captain Harry Innes Todd. 
Captain Todd lived here until his 
death when it again changed hands, 
Mr. James Saffell, then postmast- 
er, becoming its owner. After a 
few years he sold it to its present 
owner. Judge W. H. Holt. Oppo- 
site it is the elegant and historic 
home of Mr. James Madison Todd. 
This home has been so often de- 
scribed and photographed that no 
further description of it is neces- 
sary. Mrs. Todd, its owner, as 
we all know, was regarded as one 
of the most beautiful, intelligent 
and useful Christian women in the 
city of Frankfort, indeed of the 
State. Descended from the histor- 
ic Lees, the daring McAfees, 
who first surveyed this city, the 
Rennicks and McAmies and witty 
Steeles, she seems to have inherit- 
ed the best traits of all, and is a 
woman of whom Frankfort should 
ever be proud. She and her sainted 
sister, Mrs. Mary Willis Woodson 


Regltter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

together made this home attractive 
to citizens and strangers alike.* 

Todd place is now owned by- 
Mrs. Jouett Taylor James. 

The house on the adjoining lot 
is a substantial brick one. It was 
built by tlie public spirited citizens 
of the town to be used as a school 
house. Mann Butler first taught 
in it, and afterward a Mr. Kinnard. 
It was then purchased by the Pres- 
byterians, and improved and used 
as a parsonage, they having bought 
the adjoining lot and erected the 
First Presbyterian church. This 
property included the parsonage, 
and was sold to the Catholics, 
when the Presbyterians moved their 
place of worship to the church on 
Main Street in 1849. 

The history of this famous 
church on Wapping Street, erected 
in 1826, and the distinguished 
ministers who have occupied its 
pulpit, has been published and 
therefore needs no further notice 

The large brick building on the 
comer of Wapping and St. Clair 
was built about 1830 by Churchill 
and Jamison Samuel (the father 
and uncle of our esteemed citizen, 
Mr. E. L. Samuel**) for a boat 
ivharf house. 

The company composed of the 
Samuel brothers and Swigert 
brothers (Jacob and Philip) was 
one of the earliest boat owners 
and shippers in the West, and be- 

•Since writing the foregoing Mrs. Todd 
died at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. 
Arthur Peter, In Louisville. 

**E. L. Samuel now deceased. 

oame wealthy by the trade with 
Louisville and New Orleans. 

The house has had many owners 
and undergone many changes since 
those prosperous days of Frant- 
fort. It is now used for offices by 
boat agents, and the Gas and Elec- 
tric Light Company. 

As before written, this corner is 
the terminus of the north side of 
Wapping Street. 



The first house on the site now 
covered by the Government build- 
ings, postoffice, etc., was a two 
story frame house built by John 
Dryden for a residence, in which 
he lived with his family for some 
years. It was included in the 
square afterward purchased by Mr. 
Philip Swigert. In the rear of 
this modest home were two rooms 
now historic, one of them used by 
Mr. Philip Swigert as an oflSoe 
when he was circuit clerk. Mr. 
Walter Franklin was his deputy, 
learning from Mr. Swigert that in- 
tegrity and energy that enabled 
Mr. Franklin to succeed to the of- 
fice and hold it thirty (30) years. 
The other room was used by Col 
A. H. Rennick as an office when he 
was clerk of the county court. The 
Hon. B. Gratz Brown was his dep- 
uty. Col. Rennick 's faithfulness 
and excellent business methods 
were considered invaluable. He 
held this ofiice for fifty years. 

The first effort made to obtain 
an appropriation from Congress 
for the erection of the'present gov- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


ernment building originated in the 
office of Col. T. B. Ford, Clerk of 
the Federal Court at that time. It 
was suggested by Mr. Will Murray, 
and seconded by Mr. Aleck G. 
Brawner and Mr. Ford. The lat- 
ter at once opened a correspondence 
with our Eepresentative in Con- 
gress, Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn, giv- 
ing necessary data to draft a bill 
asking for an appropriation. The 
bill for some reason failed to pass. 
Col. Ford then, January 21, 1881, 
wrote and circulated a petition 
that was signed by the leading citi- 
zens, printed and sent to Washing- 
ton and distributed among the mem- 
bers of Congress; Senator James 
B. Beck, then our senior Senator, 
introduced the bill in the Senate, 
and it was passed through both 
houses. The erection of this hand- 
some building was begun in 1882 
and completed in 1887. 

The remaining 300 feet of this 
square includes the handsome 
grounds and elegant home built by 
Mr. Philip Swigert for a residence, 
now owned by his daughter, Mrs. 
Mary Hendrick (now deceased). 
For history of this interesting 
family see Mrs. Mary Willis 
Woodson's ^'Annals of Washing- 
ton Street.'' 

On the opposite corner of Wap- 
ping and Washington streets, is 
the home now owned by Mr. ^John 
Lindsey. His grandmother, Mrs. 
Daniel Weissiger a pioneer lady of 
distinguished family, and of splen- 
did executive ability was the third 
owner of the place, Mr. John Lind- 
sey 's mother inheriting it from her. 
(See history of this family in Mrs. 

Mary Willis Woodson's Annals of 
Washington Street.) 

In the recollection of the writer 
the next lot to the Lindseys' was 
owned and used by Lucas Brodhead, 
Sr., as a garden. About 1854 Major 
Thomas Davis Carneal purchased 
it from Mr. Brodhead 's heirs, and 
had built the residence now on it. 
Major Carneal had been in our 
State Senate for several terms, and 
was so charmed by the elegance of 
the society in our then gay Capi- 
tal that he was induced to locate 
here. He with his great wealth and 
lavish hospitality, was a great ad- 
dition to the social life of the citv. 
Soon after he moved into the above 
residence, his son Louis Carneal 
and his charming wife and lovely 
family came to live with him, and 
remained there until after Major 
Carneal 's death in 1860. 

The Military Board organized 
soon after the beginning of the 
Civil war occupied it a few months. 
Mr. John B. Temple, Col. Geo. T. 
Wood and the late Col. Edmund H. 
Taylor, Sr., were the officers of 
the Board. On the removal of the 
Board to Broadway, the place was 
purchased by Mr. Philip Swigert 
and presented to his brother-in- 
law and wife, Mr. and Mrs. John 
Watson. Mr. Watson married Miss 
Sallie Rhodes of Richmond, Ken- 
tucky. Their children were Will, 
Dudley, Howe, John, Pauline, Ad- 
die and Lizzie. Mr. Howe Watson 
who succeeded his father as cash- 
ier of the Deposit Bank, and held 
the position until his death in 1897, 
married Miss Lottie Smith, of Bos- 
ton, who with four children survive 
him. John Watson was accidently 


R«Ol«ter of the Kentucky ttate Historical Society. 

killed in attempting to leave a 
train near this city. Pauline mar- 
ried Dr. Christy, a Presbyterian 
minister. Addie married Mr. Knox 
Brown, son of the late Judge Mason 
Brown, a planter in Owen County. 
Lizzie married the Rev. William 
McEwen, pastor at this date of the 
third Presbyterian church of Pitts- 
burg, Pa. Mr. Howe Watson 
bought out the other heirs and his 
widow and children reside there. 

Across the alley from the Wat- 
son home is the site of the first 
house built on this ground by Mr. 
Instone. It had in early times, it 
is said, been a very handsome house 
but was very dilapidated when 
bought and removed by Mr. John 
B. Bibb to make room for the house 
he afterward had built. Mr. Bibb 
came to Frankfort from Russell- 
ville, Logan County, in 1855, having 
previously represented his county 
several times in the Legislature, 
and his district in the State Sen- 
ate. He married in middle life the 
lady to whom he had been deeply at- 
tached in their youth, a widow, Mrs. 
Sallie Horsley. She was a daugh- 
ter of Greneral Samuel Hopkins of 
Revolutionary fame. One of her 
contemporaries said of her. *^She 
was never handsome, but so cul- 
tured in mind, so brilliant and 
charming in conversation and man- 
ners as to enthrall and keep in her 
train a host of admirers, and she 
counted her offers by the hundred.^' 

Like Major Carneal and a host 
of others, Mr. and Mrs. Bibb were 
attracted to this city, by the reput- 
ed charms of its people. In 1857 
they built the home in which they 
both died, she in April 1869; he 

survived her until April 1884, dying 
at the extreme age of 94 years and 
six months. When Mrs. Bibb died 
in 1869, Mrs. Francis Burnley and 
her two daughters. Misses Pattie 
and Lucy, went to live with him. 
Mrs. Burnley's daughter, Mrs, 
Eobert Crittenden, having married 
and removed from the city, and her 
only son, the gifted and gallant 
Capt. George Bibb Burnley, having 
died of a wound received in the bat- 
tle of Murfreesboro. The writer 
of these annals must be pardoned, 
if in waiting the history of this ad- 
mired and beloved lady, she adds 
to the facts, a tribute to her many 

Mrs. Firancis Burnley (see his- 
tory of the Bibb family, by Miss 
Lucy Burnley, Colonial Daugh- 
ters' Archives) was bom in Enssell- 
ville, Ky., and was married in this 
city at the home of her father. 
Judge George M. Bibb, on the 28th 
day of March, 1827, to Mr, Albert 
T. Burnley, of Hanover County, 
Virginia. She died in February, 

Of Mrs. Burnley it truly may be 
said, '4f any had cause to boast 
of ancestry she had more." she 
was a granddaughter of General 
Charles S. Scott, a distinguished 
Major-General in the army of the 
American Revolution, and Govern- 
or of Kentucky in 1808, and her 
father the Hon. George M: Bibb, 
married Governor Scott's daugh- 
ter. Judge Bibb was twice U. S. 
Senator from Kentucky, first 
Chancellor of the Louisville Chan- 
cery Court, which he held until he 
was appointed Secretary of the 
Treasury by President Tyler, was 

Register of the Kentucky -State H^etorlcal Society. 


Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of this State. 

Mrs. Burnley was a leader of so- 
ciety in Washington and Louisville, 
as \^ell as of this city, and her 
friends here knew her as a noted 
housekeeper. And yet with all 
these honors and gifts, the least 
ostentatious person I ever knew. 
Her contemporaries who suv^dve 
her tell me that from her youth to 
her death she was the same loyal, 
gentle friend, and devoted Chris- 
tian. Mrs. Burnley's daughters. 
Misses Pattie and Lucy, now own 
the home and reside there. 

The vacant lot adjoining is now 
owned by Mr. Sam D. Johnson. 
The next house was built and occu- 
pied by Mr. Eichard Long. It had 
several tenants, and was then 
bought and improved by Mr. Daniel 
Swigert,* who married Annette 
Brodhead.* Their children were 
Mary, who married Leslie Combs, 
of Lexington, Ky., Jlobert Alexan- 
der and Annette. Mr. Swigert sold 
it to Mrs. Murphy* about 1874, who 
now owns and resides there. 

The spacious three story frame 
building on the comer of Wapping 
and Wilkinson streets was built by 
Andrew Holmes, and purchased 
from him on its completion, by Gen- 
eral James Wilkinson, to be used 
as a tavern. It was the second tem- 
porary State House of Kentucky, 
and was the scene of many notable 
events already recited in history 
and verse. It is known as the 
''Love House, '^ and pictures of it 
are preserved in Collins' History, 
Vol. 2, and in the ** Illustrated 

•Dead. ^ 

Centennial Poem," 1886, by Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton, entitled ''A 
Rhyme of the Women of Frank- 
fort." (See picture with this ar- 
ticle. ) 

As the ''Lpve House" has be- 
come so famous, I will, as a faith- 
ful historian, record somewhat of 
the remarkable women who from 
time to time resided there. 

Mr. James Love purchased the 
place from General James Wilkin- 
son, and in the usual fashion of 
pioneer days, kept tavern tiiere. 
Mr. Love was from Virginia, his 
wife from Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 

After Major Love's death his 
widow continued to reside there, 
their only child, a son, having re- 
moved to Louisville. She invited 
three friends — gentle women — to 
live with her. 

'^MES. LOVE." 

*^ There now rises at this famous 

Such a beautiful picture of grace 
in a dame — 

Whose house was the Mecca in 
that early day. 

Of the wise and distinguished that 
journeyed this way." — (Cen- 
tennial Poem.) 

In addition to her beauty and 
grace, she is said to have been a 
skilful violinist, and the sweet 
strains of the music often drew 
around her a crowd of dancing 
children. But the crowning grace 
of her character, was her noble ef- 
forts in behalf of religion. Mrs. 
Love assisted Mrs. John Brown, 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

the grandmother of Mrs. Barrett, 
Mrs. Scott and Mrs. Baily, in 
founding the first Sunday School 
in the city, in her own drawing 
room, where the first sermon in 
the town was preached; but like 
Juliet's tomb at Verona, now a 
mule trough, this same drawing 
room was afterward used by a 
traveling showman for the exhibi- 
tion of a baby elephant. This is a 
tradition of Col. A. H. Kennick. 

Of Mrs. Love's three friends I 
will give the pen portrait of them, 
given me by Mrs. Mary Willis 
Woodson, deceased. They lived at 
the **Love House." Mrs. Eppes 
was a widow, who came to Frank- 
fort to live with her brother Major 
John Mays. She was an eccentric 
person, who had a great fancy for 
cats, and like Professor Agassiz, 
believed they had souls. Mrs. 
Featherstone was a highly ac- 
complished lady, and a sister to 
Miss Priscilla Talbot, a woman of 
talent, who was said in that re- 
spect to be superior to their dis- 
tinguished brother, the Hon. Is- 
ham Talbot, United States Sena- 
tor from Kentucky in 1815, and a 
resident of this town. Miss Pris- 
cilla was a musician, and owned 
and played well on the piano, a 
rare instrument in the west in her 
day. The latter lady outlived the 
other three, occupying the home 
devised to her by Mrs. Love (dur- 
ing her life). She died at an ad- 
vanced age in 1870. 

Mr. James Dudley purchased 
the home from Mr. Love (Mrs. 
Love's son), had it taken down, 
and erected the present handsome 
house, purchased from his widow 
by Mrs. Mary Steele. Her daugh- 

ter and son-in-law Judge and Mrs. 
Bullitt, reside with her now in 
1898. (All of these people dead 

Dr. Holmes, deceased, then post- 
master, bought the vacant lot next 
to Mrs. Steele, and built a hand- 
some house on it; his lot extended 
to the river, and terminates Wap- 
ping Street on the south side. 



• • • • • 

1911. — Since writing this his- 
tory in 1898, Wapping Street has 
been extended to the river, the 
house of Dr. Holmes has been 
purchased from his widow by Dr. 
John South, enlarged and other- 
wise beautified into a very hand- 
some residence. Dr. South mar- 
ried Christine Bradley, only daugh- 
ter of the present Senator from 
Kentucky, and Mrs. Bradley. Op- 
posite Dr. South 's on the north 
side of the street, adjoining the 
residence of Mrs. Orlando Brown, 
Mr. Eugene Hoge has built a love- 
ly modem residence. Mr. Hoge mar- 
ried Miss Mary Threshley Morris, 
daughter of Mr. Richard Morris, a 
noted farmer of Franklin Comity. 

Mr. Frank Chinn erected the 
first house on the lot just below 
and terraced to the river, a site of 
picturesque beauty, and improved 
by the beautiful residence, now oc- 
cupied by Mr. Chinn and his two 
daughters. Misses Lizzie and Vir- 
ginia Chinn. He has two married 
daughters; Anna Bell, married 
Maurice H. Thatcher, Governor of 
the Canal Zone and Mrs. Sam 
Mason, who lives on a farm in 
Franklin County. Her husband 
Mr. Sam Mason is one of the 
wealthy cattle exporters of the 
Blue Grass region. 

^^V ' .11 lie. » 





Painted by Miss Margie Dudley, 
OF Frankfobt, Ky. 

(Miss Dudley is a great niece of Mathew 
Jouett, the famous iwrtrait painter — ^also a 
great-great niece of President Zachary Tay- 
lor. — Ed.) 

Among the rarest and most 
beautiful additions made recently 
to the Historical collection in the 
Hall of Fame are two pieces paint- 
ed by Miss Margie Dudley, a tall 
Tankard, and a large plaque '*a la 

These pieces have been the envy 
of artists wherever they have been 
displayed, and the general com- 
ment has been, * inimitable art, 
no one competes with a Jouett.'' 
It is well known that Miss Dudley 
is the great niece of the great 
American artist Jouett; and from 
childhood she has shown the tal- 
ent for artistic work in her line 

that Matthew H. Jouett did in his 
portraits. They are incomparable. 
As a flower and fruit painter 
Miss Dudley is without a rival. 
The tankard is one of the most ex- 
quisite and valuable pieces of her 
work in fruit and flower. The 
plaque is equally beautiful as to 
color and technique and brings to 
uiind the antique china of Holland. 
The Society is to be congratulated 

upon the possession of such art 
treasures in its collection. 

Miss Margie Dudley has won 
enviable distinction as an artist, 
and as such it is interesting to 
know who she is, STie is of one of 
the most distinguished families in 
Kentucky. She is the daughter of 
that beloved, gifted and ever la- 
mented member of the State His- 
torical Society, Mrs. Mary Jouett 
Dudley. She was a niece of Mat- 
thew H. Jouett, the artist, and also 
a great great niece of Hancock 
Taylor, who surveyed the land on 
which Frankfort is located. It was 
she who unveiled the cornerstone 
erected on Ann street, when it was 
presented to the city in the pres- 
ence of the largest audience ever 
gathered in the Capital. 

Mrs. Dudley, through the Tal- 
bots, was descended from the Earl 
of Shrewsbury, whose descendant, 

Isham Talbot, a great lawyer 
in pioneer days, built his oflSce in 
the city of Frankfort, as near the 
spot on which the cornerstone is 
located as possible, to keep, it is 
told, the marker from being dis- 
turbed that Hancock Taylor caused 
to be placed there when he sur- 
veyed the laud. 

The Talbots, the Taylors and 
the Jouetts form a trio of famous 
names few families possess. Miss 


Roglster of tht Kentucky Stott Historical Society. 

Dudley is descended through the 
Dudleys, from the Earl of War- 
wick, a notable warrior of Eng- 
land. With the blood of such gen- 
ius, it is not strange that she too 
should attain distinction in her 
line of art. 


This has been a summer of un- 
usual excitement and confusion in 
the political world. It is the year 
for nominating candidates for 
President of the United States, 
both by the Democrats and the Re- 
publicans. They call themselves by 
new names now. Progressives and 
Reactionaries, but the American 
of average intelligence under- 
stands the old names of the two 
dominant polical parties best, as 
Democrats and Republicans. The 
Republican party nominated the 
present incumbent of the Presi- 
dent's chair, W. H. Taft, for its can- 
didate, and the Democrats after a 
long contest in the convention at 
Baltimore in June, between the 
four candidates, selected as their 
candidate that scholarly and fam- 
ous author of **The History of the 
American People. '^ and present 
Governor of New Jersey, a Chris- 
tian gentleman above reproach, 
Woodrow Wilson. Just what the re- 
suit will be we cannot confidently 
predict, but the Democrats appear 
to be very confident of Governor 
Wilson's election, basing this con- 
fidence on the popularity of their 
candidate, as well as on the fact 
that the Republicans have a 
'*splif in their party, Colonel 
Roosevelt having formed a new 

party called the * ' Progressives, , 
of which he is the nominee fo: i 

As the Kentucky State Hislon 
cal Society was founded in honor 
of Daniel Boone, we place here 
with pleasure the following e% 
ping sent us from Philadelphia. I: 
is well for Kentuckians to kncnr 
the estimate placed upon this heD> 
warrior of the wilderness, who^e 
courage and intelligence fca- 

brought world-wide renown to ii- 

Daniel Boone in Kentucky 
By Rev. Thomas B. Gregorr. 
April 30, 1769. 

It was one hundred and forty 
three years ago today, April 31 
1769, that Daniel Boone got fc 
first glimpse of the fair regies 
now blown as Kentucky. On tiat 
day Boone, with James Robinson, 
a young Scotch-Irishman, stood ot 
a mountain path and looked down 
upon the Watauga winding alon? 
through its enchanting valley, aD«i 
he resolved that it should not fc 
his last vision of the earthly para- 

At the time of Boone's firs^ 
sight of Kentucky from the sm- 
mit of the Blue Ridge it was a 
vast hunting-ground upon wM^ 
the savage tribes killed the elk ana 
buflfalo. No settlement existf^ 
within its borders. Its dark frr 
ests separated the tribes of i^ 
Cherokees, Creeks and Catawbas 
of the South from the hosti^ 
tribes of the North, who often en 
countered one another in AeBoiJ 
conflict. On this account the ^ 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


gion had long been known among 
the aborigines as the '^Dark and 
Bloody Ground/' 

The story of the man who gave 
this glorious region to the white 
man is one of the most interesting 
in the world. Justin Winsor, one 
of the greatest of our historians, 
speaks of the Father of Kentucky 
in words that are as true as they 
are beautiful: 

'* Boone's rugged but tender 
personality was hard to shroud. 
We see his tall and slender figure, 
too muscular to be gaunt. His eyes 
idealized his head. His experience 
had toughened his sinews, and 
made his senses alert. Any emer- 
gency brought him well-nigh to 
the normal perfection of a man. 
His kindness draws us to him. His 
audacity makes us as confident as 
himself. His fringed hunting shirt, 
belted so that its ample folds car- 
ried his food, may be ragged; his 
leggins may be tattered by the 
brush; his mocassins cut by the 
ledge; his knife clotted with the 
blood of the wolf; but the rich 
copse and the bounding elk share 
our scrutiny with his person, and 
we look to the magnolia, laurel 
and ash, to the foaming stream and 
the limestone cliffs as his back- 
ground; and all that the man 
stands for in bravery and con- 
stancy is mated with the enchant- 
ment of nature.'' 

No State in the Union has at the 
forefront of its history a nobler 
character than he who heads the 
story of the '^Blue Grass State." 

God never made a grander man 
than Daniel Boone, and in every 
public school in the land the story 

Sig. 6 

of his life should be made a regu- 
lar part of the children's study. It 
would be a moral tonic. It would 
redden the children's blood and 
help to make them brave, honor- 
able and upright citizens. 

Donations RECEisnED on Boone 
Day, June 7. 

The following (donations were 
received: A small linen table 
cloth. The flax was raised at 
** Traveler's Rest," and spun and 
woven into cloth by Susanna Hart, 
wife of Governor Isaac Shelby, 
first Governor of Kentucky. It 
was presented by Mrs. Willis 
Field, Versailles, Ky., a great 
granddaughter of Gov. Shelby; 
and a Mexican silver-mounted sad- 
dle and bridle, captured during 
the Mexican War by Lieut. La 
Fayette Dunlap, and presented by 

his nephew. Dr. Fayette Dunlap, 
Danville, Ky. 



(From State Journal.) 

Great preparations are being 
made by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton 
and Miss Sallie Jackson for the 
celebration of '* Boone Day," 
June 7, when the State Historical 
Society will hold its yearly meet- 
ing in commemoration of the date 
on which Daniel Boone first en- 
tered Kentucky. This is the fif- 
teenth annual celebration to be 
held, and a program full of inter- 
esting features will be given in the 
Hall of Fame, and it is expected 


Rnlstar of th« Mntucky ttato Hitttrlcal Soeitty. 

that a large number of out-of-town 
visitors, as well as home people, 
will be present for this occasion. 

Two particularFy interesting 
features in connection with the 
program will be the unveiling of a 
picture of Henry T. Stanton, by 
the artist, Ferdinand Q. Walker, 
of Louisville. This portrait has 
just been purchased by Mrs. Mor- 
ton, and will be hung in Poets' 
Corner in the Hall of Fame. Mr. 
H. V. McChesney will preface the 
unveiling, with a short reading 
from an appreciation of Stanton's 
papular poem, **The Moneyless 
Man," followed by the reading of 
the poem. 

Hundleigh's picture of the 
Shakertown Ferry and the Wil- 
derness Boad will also be on ex- 
hibition for the first time, and 
President Shearin, of Hamilton 
College, will give a talk on **The 
Memories and Melodies of the 
Wilderness Eoad," using the pic- 
ture as an illustration of his sub- 

Other features of the program 
will be a paper on ** Historic 
Homes of Harrodsburg, " by Mr. 
W. W. Stephenson, who will bring 
with him pictures of these homes, 
which he claims are artistic gems; 
a recitation by Mrs. C. W. Bell, 
and an address, ** Under the Elum 
Tree Whar Brackinridge Spoke,'* 
by Col. James Tandy Ellis. Col- 
onel Ellis is particularly well fit- 
ted to speak on this subject, as 
this tree is in his home county, 
Carroll, and is held in sacred mem- 
ory by its residents. Miss Aubyn 
Chinn, teacher of domestic science 
at Kentucky University, will be 

another speaker, whose talk will 
be of interest, as she will tell of her 
visit to Cumberland Gap, **down 
where the rhododendron grows." 

Especial attention will be paid 
to the musical part of the program 
this year, and Mrs. Kate C. 
Bailey, of Shelbyville, has been 
appointed by Mrs. Morton to look 
after this feature. Mrs. Bailey 
will bring a number of her pupils 
from Shelbyville, whose selections 
will be interspersed between the 
talks. Miss Lucy Chinn, of this 
city, will also assist with the 
music, and will play the prelude. 

Qiovernor VJames B. McCreary, 
as president ex-ofiicio of the so- 
ciety, will preside. 


(From State Journal.) 

The Kentucky State Historical 
Society has received from Mr. 
Hundleigh, the artist, his beauti- 
ful painting of ** Shaker's Ferry,'' 
on the Kentucky River, which was 
on exhibition in Lexington recent- 
ly, and received enthusiastic ad- 
miration from the crowds that 
visited the window to see it. The 
scene is quickly (recognized by 
fishermen and campers at that 
point on the river, where the wil- 
derness road leads to the ferry. 
The Ferryman's Cabin, em- 
bowered in prodigal foliage, is 
plainly seen, while the log ferry- 
boat reposes at the landing. The 
river at this point is wide, and the 
artist's skill transforms it into a 
long mirror, reflecting sky above 
and bending trees and rocky cliff. 
The ascent on the opposite side to 

Register of th« Kentucky Stete Hittorioal Society. 


Shakertown over the hill is 
marked by a ferryboat, hugging 
the bank of the wilderness road 
that continues up the hill. 

It is a beautiful and suggestive 
picture of the primitive wagoai- 
road of the pioneers — called the 
** Wilderness Eoad,*^ It will be on 
exhibition in the Hall of Fame, 
Boone Day, June 7. 

The Dolly Madison Breakfast. 

American womanhood typified 
by one of its noblest examples, re- 
ceived a brilliant tribute of appre- 
ciation by the four hundred repre- 
sentative women of the Democ- 
racy, who assembled recently in 
Washington, at a breakfast in 
honor of Dolly Madison. Graced 
with beauty, wit and wisdom, the 
occasion was an auspicious one, 
worthy in every way of her in 
whose memory it was held. 

Early American history pre- 
sents no more fascinating person- 
ality than that of Dolly Madison, 
wife of the fourth President of the 
United States. Her charm is last- 
ing. Though an abyss of a hun- 
dred years divides her day from 
ours, public interest in her is un- 
diminished. Books and reminiscen- 
ces about her continually issue 

from the press. The tact and good 
sense with which she filled the dif- 
ficult role of a President's wife in 
the age when the social usages of 
WasMngton were still unsettled, 
when the customs of the White 
House had few precedents to regu- 
late them, are a source of pride to 
all American women. 

The city in which Dolly Madi- 
son was honored the other day, is 

the capital of the most powerful 
nation on earth. In her time, it 
was the capital of a poor and a 
weak country, and this queen of 
American womanhood had to leave 
it because it was captured and 
plundered by an invading foe. 
Those were days which tried the 
souls of men and women. Dolly 
Madison was a heroine in an age 
when the nation needed heroism 
in order that it might survive. Her 
name has gone down to posterity, 
side by side with that of Martha 
Washington. The large assem- 
blage of leading women of the 
country, who met to render just 
meed of praise to Dolly Madison, 
was a notable affirmance of the 
principles she represented, the 
womanly devotion, the public 
spirit, the patriotism, of which 
she was an example. — (Ex.) 

Had we attended the Dolly 
Madison breakfast here described 
we should have taken two letters 
of this notable lady, preserved in 
our Historic Scrap Book. These 
letters would have enchained the 
fashionable assembly. Below axe 
given extracts from her letters. 
In them Dolly speaks for herself, 

in the War of 1812. She is writing 
to her friend, General James Tay- 
lor, of Newport, Kentucky. The 
letter is dated 13th March, 1814. 
**The Hornet has just returned 
from France, and brings us noth- 
ing contradictory of the affection- 
ate intentions of Napoleon. I 
know, however, by the intense 
study of Mr. Madison and his 
cabinet, that affairs are trouble- 
some and difficult. You see the 


Reglcter of the Kentuek/ 8taU Historical Society. 

English are still stubborn, but we 
anticipate their yielding before 

In another letter she says: **We 
have no further insight into the 
state of things at this moment. 
Vessels are expected hourly, and 
the state of our relations in 
Europe will decide if an extra 
session will be called or necessary. 
Some very wicked and silly doings 
at home." 

The while Dolly was helping 
her husband, she kept her wise 
eyes on the British; so she saved 
the archives of our nation. — (Ed. 
The Eegister). 


Of the State Historical Society 
ON Boone Day, June 7, 1912, in 
Its Rooms at the Capitol, 
Frankfort, Ky. 

Portrait of Major Stanton 

Unveiled in Rooms of Historical 
Society by his Granddaughter. 

Boone Day Ceremonies — Repre- 
sentative Audience Enjoys De- 
lightful Program at the 
New Capitol — Address by 
Harry V. McChesney. 

(From the Frankfort News- 

Tributes to the memory of two 
great Kentuckians were paid yes- 
terday by the Kentucky State His- 
torical Society. On- the anniver- 
sary of the day on which Daniel 
Boone first saw Kentuckv, a hand- 
some painting of the Kentucky 
poet, Major Henry T. Stanton, 

was unveiled by his granddangli 
ter, Miss Marguerite McLean, in 
the presence of a representative 
Kentucky audience gathered h 
the rooms of the society in the 
Capitol. An attractive program 
was carried out, after wMch Miss 
Sallie Jackson and Mrs. Jennie 
C. Morton, who are the real heads 
of the society, were the hostesses 
at a luncheon. 

Boone day usually is marked by 
some special entertainment by the 
historical society, and this year it 
was decided to unveil the portrait 
of Stanton then. Handsome invita- 
tions had been sent out and by 11 
o'clock, the time for the exercises 
to begin, the beautiful, curio-filled 
rooms were crowded with men anJ 


women from Central Kentucky 
who had gathered to join in the 
tribute to Major Stanton and 
Boone and enjoy the literary and 
musical program. 


Gov. McCreary, who was one 
of the founders of the society 
when he was Governor thirty-six 
years ago, presided at the meet- 
ing, being president of the society 
by virtue of his office. In calling 
the meeting to order he told some- 
thing of the historical society and 
the great work that has been done 
for Kentucky by Mrs. Morton and 
Miss Jackson. He referred to his 
connection with the society so 
long ago and compared the rooms 
of the society now and then. 

After a musical selection by 
Miss Lucy Chinn, of Frankfort, 
Harry Y. McChesney was intro- 
duced. He paid a tribute to the lau- 
reate of Kentucky and then read 

Rogicter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Major Stanton's poem, ''The 
Moneyless Man. ' ' After this the 
portrait, on an easel covered with 
white draperies, was unveiled by 
Miss McLean. The portrait will 
hang in Poet's Corner in the 
rooms of the society apd is a fine 

Miss Boulware and Mrs. Kate 
C. Bailey, of Shelbyville, then ren- 
dered the sextette from Lucia by 
Donizetti, after which H. G. 
Shealrin, president of Hamilton 
College, Lexington, read a paper 
on the ** Memories and Melodies of 
the Wilderness Road." His talk 
was illustrated and was interest- 
ing as well as historical. Miss 
Aubyn Chinn told of '*A Visit to 
Cumberland Gap, Where the Rho- 
dodendron Blooms," in a charm- 
ing and fascinating way, pictur- 
ing the mountains in their most 
beautiful season. 

W. W. Stephenson, of Harrods- 
burg, who has taken an active 
part in the work of the Historical 
Society, read a paper on ''His- 
toric Homes of Harrodsburg. " 
He told of some of the homes 
thereabout with historic absocia- 
tions. Col. James Tandy Ellis, 
Acting Adjutant General, read a 
poem, "Under the EUum Tree 
Whar BracMnridge Spoke." This 
was a big hit with the audience 
and was loudly applauded. 


The following was the musical 
program given during the exer- 

Vocal Duet, "0, Beauteous 
Nigiit" — Offenbach — Misses Nel- 
lie Pace and Katherine Corimie 
Bailey, Shelbyville. 

Song, "Tie Beautiful Land of 
Nod ' ' — Mrs. Barksdale Hamlett, 

Recitation, a Poem — Mrs. Char- 
les W. Bell, Frankfort. 

Piano Solo, "The Harp"— 
Anna Errickson Jungman, Shelby- 

Vocal Solo, "0, Dry Those 
Tears" — Reigio — Miss Bailey, 
with Violin Obligato by Priscilla 

Piaaao Duet, Melody in F— Ru- 
benstein — Misses Elizabeth Giles 
Thomas and Mary Henry Thomas, 

Vocal Trio, "Twilight"— Abt— 
Mrs. Bailey, Miss Van Dyke and 
Miss Elizabeth Giles Thomas. 


Mrs. Morton received the fol- 
lowing letter from Champ Clark, 
speaker of the House: 

"Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Frank- 
fort, Kentucky. My Dear Mrs. 
Morton : 

"I have your very kind invita- 
tion to attend the luncheon of the 
Kentucky State Historical Society 
on Friday, June 7, and would be 
delighted to attend but it is impos- 
sible. I cannot leave Washington 
while the House is in session so 
near the end of the session. 

"I trust that it will prove a most 
enjoyable occasion, as I am cer- 
tain it will, and much regret that 
I cannot enjoy it with you. 

Your friend, 
Champ Clabs:/' 


An informal reception was held 
following the program, during 
which a buffet luncheoii was 


Register of tht Kentucky Stete Historical Society. 

served the strangers who attended 
the exercises, the members of the 
society and a number of invited 
guests. Miss Nina Hazelrigg, rep- 
resenting SaflFePs branch store, 

served a delicious two course 
lunch, which comprised, chicken 
salad, beaten biscuit, pimento and 
ham sandwiches, country club 
sherbet, wafers, cheese balls, ice 
cream vdth strawberries, indivi- 
dual cakes frosted with pink roses 
and salted almonds. 

Among the number of out-of- 
town visitors who enjoyed the pro- 
gram were Col. John A. Steele, of 
Midway, one of the original incor- 
porators of the Society, Miss 
Martha Stephenson of Harrods- 
burg, Mrs. Luke P. Blackburn of 
Louisville, Mrs. Henry T. Stanton 
and her daughters and grandchil- 
dren, Mrs. Gray McLean, Mrs. 
Boyd Robertson, of Louisville, 
Mrs. George Willis, of Shelby- 
ville, Miss Marguerite McLean, 
Miss Miartha Bobertson, Miss Bet- 
tie Tom Vimont of Millersburg, 
Mrs. Jenny Kenney Lisle of Paris, 
Mrs. Hubert Shearin of Lexing- 
ton, Mrs. W. J. Thomas and two 
children and Miss Alberta Du- 
bourg of Shelbyville. 


Added impressiveness will be 
lent the Boone Day exercises at 
the Historical rooms today by the 
presence of Mrs. Henry Stanton, 
wife of the Kentucky poet, Henry 
T. Stanton, whose portrait will be 
unveiled during the exercises fol- 
lowing the reading of an appre- 
ciation of Stanton *s poem, **The 
Moneyless Man,'' by Mr. H. V. 

McChesney. Mrs. Stanton arrived 
yesterday from Louisville, and 
¥dll be the g^est of Mrs. D. B. 
Walcutt during her stay. 

Mrs. Morton will place Stan- 
ton's portrait in Poet's Comer of 
the Hall of Fame. 


Db. Fayette Dunlap Sends Sad- 
dle Captubed During The 


(From State Journal.) 

Gov. McCreary has received a 
letter from Dr. Fayette Dunlap, 
of Danville, tendering to the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society a silver- 
mounted saddle and bridle, which 
were captured during the Mexi- 
can War by one of his ances- 
tors whose name he bears. Dr. 
Dunlap 's gift to the society will 
be accepted and the saddle and 
bridle will be shipped to Frank- 
fort to be placed in the rooms of 
the society. 

Dr. Dunlap inherited the saddle 
and bridle from Fayette Dunlap, 
his great-uncle, and said to the 
Governor that it was valuable not 
only historically, but intrinsically, 
but was too large to be kept in a 
private family collection, he decid- 
ed the historical society ought to 
have it. The saddle is elaborately 
mounted with silver, with a silver- 
topped horn. It was brought back 
from the Mexican War by Mr. 

The society adopted the follow- 
ing resolution: 

** Resolved, that the saddle and 

R«gltt«r of th« Kontueky Statt Hittorieal 8oeltty. 


bridle used by La Fayette Dunlap 
who was First Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain John Price's company of vol- 
unteers in the war with Mexico^ 
now offered by his nephew, Doc- 
tor Fayette Dunlap, to the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society be 
accepted, and the members of the 
society present their thanks to 
Doctor Dunlap for these valued 
and highly-appreciated relics.'* 



Recently a number of persons 
in the United States, chiefly wo- 
men, have repudiated Christian- 
ity and have taken up with the 
cults of India, being carried away 
by the plausible words of visiting 
Swamis. A protest has recently 
been uttered by Rustom Rustom- 
gee, the editor of the ** Oriental 
Review," of Bombay, on a visit to 
this country. This Oriental editor 
is not a professed Christian and 
is not therefore prejudiced in 
favor of Christianity. He says he 
has investigated some of the so- 
cieties organized in this country 
and found them shams, and that 
they are teaching the most per- 
nicious doctrines. *'I am shock-i 
ed," said he, **to see educated, 
cultured American women run- 
ning after so-called Swamis, one 
holding an umbrella over his head 
and another washing his clothes, ' ' 
and intimates that the moral char- 
acter of the Swamis will not bear 
investigation. In an address re- 
cently given Mr. Rustomgee is re- 
ported as saying, ** Gentlemen, I 

have been a careful student of 
comparative religions for a num- 
ber of years, and I have come to 
tell you that you have a religion 
which can be set side by side with 
any religion of the East. You have 
a goodly heritage. Stick to it. * * 
Let your anchor hold. • • I be- 
lieve that Christianity supplies 
all your spiritual needs and 
wants." There is much else that he 
might have said, but what he did 
say is significant. He also praised 
the American and European mis- 
sionaries for their work during 
the Indian famines. — (Ex.) 

' • V. 

« 1 




For the Place and a Man on 
Whom You Can 


As the Board of Magistrates is 
an important position and one that 
should be filled by the very best 
men obtainable it is a pleasure to 
know the Hon. W. W. Stephenson, 
who announces in this issue, con- 
sented to make the race. Mr. 
Stephenson is too well known to 
need an extended notice, having 
been tried and never found want- 
ing in any respect. He wishes the 

support of every man possible and 
promises to use his talents to the 
betterment of the county in every 
way possible. Watchful, honest, 

efiScient, it is not possible to make 
a mistake in giving his claims due 
consideration. Mr. Stephenson 
has always been at the forefront 
of every uplift movement in our 
community and is doing, as he oft- 


ReQltter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

en does, much gratuitous work as 
Secretary of the Commercial Club. 


Just Issued From Press And 

Has Many Articles op 

Much Interest. 

(State Journal.) 

The May number of the Regis- 
ter of the Kentucky State Histori- 
cal Society was issued yesterday. 
The number comprises eighty 
pages, all interesting matter that 
it is wise to preserve in the records 
of this Society. The contributors 
are Col. J. Stoddard Johnson, of 
Louisville; Hon. W. W. Stephen- 
son, and Miss Martha Stephenson, 
of Harrodsburg; George Baber 
of Washington; A. C. Quisenberry 
of Hyattsville, Md.; Dr. Thos. E. 
Pickett, of Maysville, and Hon. L. 
F. Johnson, W. W. Longmoor, 
Prof. G. C. Downing and Mrs. Ella 
H. EUwanger, of this city. 

Probably the most interesting ar- 
ticle, just at this time, is that by 
Mr. Baber, on Joseph Rogers Un- 
derwood, jurist, orator and states- 
man, of Kentucky. It is a review, 
at close range of the life of one of 
Kentucky's most distinguished 

Other articles are on the Recol- 
lections of Jefferson Davis; Col. 
George Croghan the hero of Fort 
Stephenson, and History Two- 
fold— ^Then and Now, by Mrs. Mor- 
ton, the editor of the Register, 


(From State Journal.) 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Kegent 
of the Kentucky State Historical 
Society, is daily receiving from 
every part of America and 
Europe, very interesting ex- 
changes for its Register, the 
magazine of the Society. 

This week comes to its librarv 
from Montevideo, Uruguay, South 
America, the elegant volume of 
1911, entitled ''Annuario Estadis- 
tico De La Republica Oriental Del. 
Uruguay Con. Varies Dates De 

This volume contains splendid 
engravings of the royal Represen- 
tives— '*La Minis-tres. ' ' 

Another book of special inter- 
est to Americans is **The Year 
Book of the Pennsylvania Histori- 
cal Society in New York.'' The 
Year Books of this Pennsylvania 
Historical Society are always in- 
teresting and valuable— and have 
added much to the history collect- 
ed on the closely crowded shelves 
of this library. But the import- 
ance of this special book cannot be 
overestimated. It gives the his- 
tory of the Penn Memorial in Lon- 
don, with illustrations of every 
medal won by William Penn; his 
portraits, and that most rare docu- 
ment, William Penn 's. ** Frame of 
the Government of the Province of 
Pennsylvania in America, together 
with certain Laws, agreed upon in 
England by the Governor and Div- 
ers Free Men of the aforesaid Prt)- 
WHce. To be fuither texplained 
and confirmed there by the First 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Provisional Council and General 
Assembly that shall be held if they 

see meet." Printed in the year 

The William Penn Memorial in 
London was held in the Church 
of All Hallows Barking, in which 
he was baptized. It was dedicated 
on July 13, 1911, by the Pennsylva- 
nia Society, in the presence of the 
Lord Mayor and other notable men 
of England, and was one of the 
grandest events of the "times. The 
Penn descendents assisted in the 
dedication, lending additional dis- 
tinction to this august event. There 
were at one time many descendents 
of this Penn family in Kentucky, 
and those who are left here will 
feel interested in this celebration 
of William Penn, which was in all 
respects one of the most notable 
ever held for a citizen. 

The library of the Kentucky His- 
torical Society, through purchase 
and exchange, has now become a 
storehouse of information, pertain- 
ing not alone to Kentucky, but the 
world, and will fill yet a high de- 
^ee of usefulness to historians 
and scholars. 

Its general utility is acknowl- 
edged by letters from all parts of 
the United States, asking informa- 
tion that has been sought else- 
where in vain. State reports in re- 
gard to soil, industries, and mater- 
ial of inestimable value to leaders 
in scientific and historical research. 
It is because of the articles in the 
Begister on the subjects of general 
interest that it is sought, not only 
; by leading uBiversities, for instruc- 
tion, but by writers in quest of 
biograi^y, genealogy and folkore, 

and names and writings of authors 
known and admired more than half 
a century agone, whose works and 
portraits are found in the rooms 
of the State Historical Society. 


Lest someone in the future should rise 
and remark that the Kentucky River had 
never a boat on it, but a steamboat, we ap- 
pend the following from the News-Journal, 
outlining the pleasures of the river for out- 
ings in row-boats, canoes and gasoline 
launches for the summer of 1912. 

The river was the chief social 
diversion in Frankfort last sum- 
mer, and its delightful possibili- 
ties for pleasure were never more 
appreciated, and heroic stunts of 
swimming, canoeing and living on 
house boats were indulged in with 
the greatest enthusiasm. From the 
interest being manifested even at 
this early date, indications are that 
it will prove equally popular this 

It will be welcome news to the 
''water sports^' that the Y. M. C. 
A. directors are planning to build 
a pier and boat chute on the river 
front of the Y. M. C. A. building, 
and this will be a big improve- 
ment over the old lancung on the 
North Side, where no near ap- 
proach to the bank is possible, and 
the jump from the boat to the bank 
more often than not ends in the 
river, especially for those who 
wear hobble skirts. The basement 
of the Y. M. C. A. building will be 
ntilixed this sununer for storing 
canoes, and the boat chute will thus 


Rtflister of tht Ktntueky Stato Historical Socioty. 

prove the greatest convenience in 
drawing them into the store room. 
Among the number who own 
boats and are looking forward to 
a gay time on the river this sum- 
mer, are: Mr. Paul Sawyier, who 
has become so devoted to the river 
that he lives in his houseboat at 
High Bridge, and owns two 
launches and a number of canoes, 
besides; Mr. Henry Lindsey, whose 
stunning new launch, the ** Cat's 
Ankle," is the swiftest craft ever 
on the Kentucky, and can make a 
record of twenty-five miles easily; 
Mr. John Cannon, who has over- 
hauled his launch, **The Cricket,'* 
for the summer use; Mr. Combs 
Furr, who has treated his launch, 
*'The Queen," to a similar over- 
hauling; Messrs. Charles Dexter, 
Bobert Hawkins, F. M. Spiller and 
J. A. Bell, of the United Ameri- 
can Insurance Company, who have 
recently purchased a cruiser and 
have christened it the ** Go-Devil," 
with which magic name they expect 
to make a record also, both in 
speed and pleasure; Mr. Charles 
Whitehead, the owner of the 
^' Ellen T.;" Mr. Fred Johnson, 
who owns the ** Saucy Sally;" 
Messrs. Isaac and Dabney Locke, 
owners of a racing launch; 
Messrs. C. M. Bridgeford, W. 
W. Longmoor, William Wil- 
liams and Morgan Chinn, 
whose launch, ''The JBescue," was 
remodeled last summer and is one 
of the best equipped on the river; 
Mr. Jack Martin, wtio owns the 
*' Pomona;" Mr. Tom Moore, 
owner of the ** Princess Alice;" 
Mr. Dick Lynch, owner of the 
*' Helen S." the Capital Lumber 

Company owners of the ''Ger- 
trude;" the Kenney Bros., owners 
of the "Chariie Kenney," 
and Messrs. Steele and D. 
V. Beading, who own a lausd 
and several canoes. The T. 
M. C. A. directors have bought 
the houseboat formerly owned by 
Messrs. Combs Furr, Coy WeDs 
and Western Furr, and will have 
it towed to Camp Daniel Boooe 
this summer to be used as a dinii^ 
hall for the boys during »the en- 

Those belonging to the canoe 
brigade are the Misses Chinn, Misi 
Florrie Rodman, Miss Lucy Chimi 
Mr. James Barrett, Mr. Albert 
Kaltenbrun, Edmund Power, Rich- 
ard McClure. 



Christian X Takes up Eeiks 

IN Place op Deceased 


Copenhagen, May 15. — ^Before 
a tremendous crowd in front of 
the royal palace this afternoon. 
Christian X. was proclaimed the 
new King of Denmark, succeedios 
his father, Frederick VIII, who 
died last night. 

The reading of the proclamation 
was hailed with a loud cheer froo 
the enormous crowd. Throughout 
the day the church bells of the city 
have been tolling. At the palace 
many telegrams of condolence 
from chiefs of state have arrived, 
including one from President Taft 
The German Emperor is expected 
to attend the funeral ceremony. 

R«9ister of th« Ktntucky Stato Historical Sooioty. 


Stbicken on Street. 

Hambubo, Gebmant, May 15. 
— King Frederick VIII, of Den- 
mark, died alone, unrecognized 
and unattended on a street of this 
city last night, of apoplexy. 

The King, traveling incognito, 
arrived here Monday on his return 
from a long trip to the South 
where he had been convalescing 
from a serious attack of inflamma- 
tion of the lungs. With the Queen 
and the royal suite, he took quart- 
ers at the Hamburger Hotel. 

At 10 o'clock last night the King 
left the hotel, unaccompanied, for 
his usual stroll before retiring. He 
had gone only a short distance 
when he was overcome on the street 
by a sudden attack of apoplexy. 

He fell unconscious to the pave- 
ment and died instantly, and not 
being recognized as a person of so 
great prominence his body was 
rushed to the nearest hospital in an 

When members of the King's 
suite became alarmed over his fail- 
ure to return to the hotel after a 
reasonable time, they called in the 
proprietor and a search was begun. 
The searchers found his Majesty 
dead at the hospital and brought 
his body back to the hotel with 


Maysvblle Man Wbites 
SouvBNiB OP The Ken- 
tucky Capital. 


ville, Ky., author of »the ** Quest of 
a Lost Race,'' etc., makes the fol- 
lowing notice of the ** Souvenir*' of 
the Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety by Mrs. Morton, the Regent: 

**For this Souvenir she is entit- 
led to the sincere admiration and 
gratitude of all Kentuckians who 
have been fortunate enough to re- 
ceive a copy of this beautiful mem- 
orial, which, go whither it may, is 
destined to give honor and distiuc- 
tion to our State. 

**This Souvenir is a work that 
should have been done by some one 
long ago, but now it derives addi- 
tional merit from having been the 
product of her gifted pen. It is 
creditable to her, to the city and 
the State, and will do much to ex- 
tend the reputation of the archi- 
tects and artists who have effected 
this superb revival of the renais- 
sance in the new Capitol upon the 
soil of Kentucky and in the city of 

(From State Journal.) 
Dr. Thos. E. Pickett, of Mays- 


(From State Journal.) 

Yesterday's Louisville Courier- 
Journal gave the following compli- 
mentary notice of the May **Ken* 
tucky Kegister," edited by Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton, of this city: 

**Just as the General Assembly, 
recently adjourned, has passed an 
act for the purchase of the Davis 
home in Todd County, it is fitting 
that the State Register should have 
as its first article for May Mrs. 
Hezekiah Sturges' Recollections 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

of Jefferson Davis. Salient 
among these are the writer's first 
acquaintance with Mr. Davis. 
This occurred when, as a girl, in 
the fifties, she was taken to Wash- 
ington by her congressman father. 
Mr. Davis, then Secretary of War, 
promptly invited the little girl to 
accompany her father to the dinner 
already arranged for the evening. 
Following this the company ad- 
journed to Carusi's Hall. This was 
the attraction for the evening as 
described in the advertisement: 
*01e Bull will perform some of his 
finest music and little Signorina 
Patti and Maurice Strakosch will 
diversify the evening's entertain- 
ment. ' 

'*Mrs. Ella Hutchison Ellwang- 
er's article, 'What's In a Name?' 
Is one of the most agreeably writ- 
ten contributions to this number. 
Mrs. EUwanger has made some 
clever researches into this matter 
of names quaint and curious. The 
reader is introduced to a young 
lady, Miss Mississippi Alicia, a 
young man, Greek — God Hamilton ; 
to a barber named Hackenbutcher, 
and to a dear, dead lady, of Prince 
Edward County — Henringham 
Hager Harrington Carrington 
Oodington — Elizabeth Ware 

Watkins. Both amusing and his- 
torically interesting is Mrs. EU- 
wanger 's collection of strange 

**Mrs. Morton's own contribu- 
tion to the Register is an idealistic 
little philosophical essay, *Then 
and Now.' Among the other en- 
tertaining contents are George 
Baber's sketch of Joseph Bogers 
UBderwood, a sketch of Mero and 

Holmes streets, Frankfort, and tL 
usual pleasant department of cfc 
pings and paragraphs." 


(Frankfort News-Jonmal.) 

''Pictures In Silver." 

Copies of ''Pictures In Silver." 
by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton have j> 
been issued in Frankfort, and tir 
admirers of Mrs. Morton's ot; 
charming and inspiring poems ^- 
welcome this latest work from b^- 


The delightful impression eresv 
ed by the first glimpse of this litt^; 
brochure, with its artistic cover ^: 
silver and ivory white, with a silvj^* 
star outside — representing tk" 
guiding spirit of the story— is ^^ 
creased a hundred fold by the ^• 
usual power and charm of te 
story, which is that of a yo^ij 
girl, whose married happiness i^ 
pictured, and then afterward fc^- 
strength and beauty of characte- 
shown, when she is widowed, J^J 
finally her faithfulness rewarded 
and her triumphant entry to^' 


Its purity of thought, its hig^ 
standard of Christian sentimes' 
and its musical measure ma^^ 
**Pictures in Silver" a charmiij 
poetic production, and one that ^ 
be cordially received. 

Among the many flattering tno^ 
Qtes that Mrs. Morton has ^ 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetoricai Society. 


ceived about her latest poem are 
the following: 

Notice of an author in an East- 
em journal of this brochure: '^ 'Pic- 
tures in Silver' is a souvenir to 
be prized not only because it is the 
work of Kentucky's great woman, 
Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, but for its 
poetic setting, radiant with a lite- 
rary charm seldom if ever sur- 
passed. It quickens the pulsations 
of the heart by its spiritual tender- 
ness, and softens to tears by the 
sustained tragedy of the story — 
told with musical expression, the 

climax is divine.'' 

Another author and critic writes : 

**I have just read * Pictures in Sil- 
ver.' Only Mrs. Morton could have 
written it. In this charming epic, 
the touch is so delicate and the feel- 
ing so fine, so impressive — the nar- 
rative so engaging and noble. 
Could any picture in silver, or 
golden, be more exquisite than this 
— it is poetry indeed: 

"On tranETparent rosy texture 
Rises now a wondrous picture, 

Ftamcd in silver swaying there; 
Memory draws it nearer, near — 
And I see its figures clearer 

In the moonlight soft and fair." 

''Pictures in SHiVER." 

A poem by Mrs. Jennie C. Mor- 
ton, published by the Coyle Press, 
Frankfort, Ky. 

Mrs. Jennie C Morton, the State 
ReJ2rent of the Kentucky Historical 
Society, has just issued fresh from 
the press a lovely brochure, entitled 
''Pictures in Silver." 

Mrs. Morton is as gifted as she 
is versatile and she thinks in poetry 
— ^in noble poetry. One wonders 
how she has time to ascend into the 
realms of lofty thought and bring 
back the dainty and the inspiring 
verse, when one knows that she is 
at the same time the practical and 
efficient head of the Historical So- 

Mrs. Morton's short and long 
poems are the very essence of 
purity, and in the Pictures in Sil- 
ver she has excelled even Mrs. Mor- 
ton. The rhythm is as sweet and 
as pleasant as a sunny brook and 
the language is faultless, the ideals 
are high. Pictures in Silver might 
be — who knows, Mrs. Morton's 
own life devoid of the prose that 
creeps in an earthly career. 

The brochure itself is from the 
Coyle Press at Frankfort and is in 
blue and silver and white. It made 
a stir in the Capital City as Easter 
Souvenirs.— PI E. in Louisville 

Mrs. Whitcomb says in a New 
York daily: 

"I did not think Mrs. Morton 
could ever surpass 'Her Dearest 
Friend,' that pure, lovely story- 
poem — ^but in 'Pictures in Silver' 
we have its superior in the lofty 
thought — of faithful love. This 
poem in its suggestions goes be- 
yond the earthy, and takes the 
readers beyond the flight of song 
— and leaves them crazing on a 
heavenly picture in the region of 
the stars — 

" 'In silver radiance, swaying 
there.' " 


Rtfllster of tht Ktntueky State HIttoHcal Society. 

''PiCTUBEs In Silvbb." 
Editor of '^Historia,'' journal 
of the Oklahoma Historical So- 
ciety, has the following beautiful 
compliment to ** Pictures in Sil- 
ver/' by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

''This poem is a pretty design 
and is in such an inspiring vein 
that it is entitled to more than a 
passing compliment. The title is 
well chosen and clothes a lofty 
sentiment in best words to sub- 
serve the purpose of the plot. We 
have had only time merely to read 
the poem enough to appreciate 
the drift, and its applicable force 
to touch many hearts. 

**To be fully appreciated and 
understood, ** Pictures in Silver '^ 
should be carefully read, it is in- 
deed a study-picture though not a 
puzzle one, the plot being well fol- 
lowed up, from love's emerging to 
its final fulfillment in pathetic sac- 
rifice. ' ' 


When I take up a new book to 
read, or a new magazine article, I 
wonder if I shall be disappointed 
in it. The outgoing generation 
wants in literature something new, 
yet it is the newness after all, of 
the bloom of last smnmer's 
roses, the fragrance of the carna- 
tion, the odor of the honeysuckle 
and the magnificence of the tree 
foliage, only improved by culture, 
by brighter sunshine, and gentler 
rains, and glistening dews. We 
want beauty, noble thought, re- 
fined feeling, helpful suggestions, 
for the life way winding toward 
the sunset. 

People in the maturity of life are 
shocked by many of the popular 
books of the day. They are shame- 
ful and shameless. It is needless 
for a grasping publisher to recom- 
mend them. There is nothing in 
them that one needs to know, noth- 
ing helpful to brain or heart. The 
average intelligent man or womac 
wants to be entertained as they are 
in their parlors and banqueting 
halls, with conversation full of soul 
and sparkling with wit; with the 
beauty of pictured art, about them 
music, interpreting some exquisite 
lyric and breathing softly an old 
song— that makes an appeal to 
every heart and flowers in prodi- 
gal abundance and sweetness 
everywhere. Such story books 
are entrancing. 

We do not like the trend of tb? 
modem novel, nor books of science, 
so called, that refined Christian 
people should forbid their library 
tables. We never note their titles 
in our book-lists, or notice their 
wonderful recommendations, not- 
withstanding we are told no well 
equipped library can afford to omit 
them from its shelves. Perhaps we 
can omit them, and do. 



Cbiticism by Mbs. Jeknis C. Mob- 
ton, Regent Kentucky State 
HiSTOBiCAL Society. 

We wish this book had been writ- 
ten years ago, and placed in every 
schoolhouse, college and library of 

Rtflister of tht Kentucky State Hietorlcal Society. 


the South. It is history, with bruis- 
ed and blood-streaming facts to au- 
thenticate every chapter in it. If 
it could have been written before 
the children of .the South had been 
infected by the poison of the 
Northern books, out of which 
they learned their first lessons, 
this book then might have had 
great influence in teaching the 
children to love and reverence the 
Lost Cause, in which the noble 
fathers, brothers, husbands, 
mothers, sisters and wives, lost 
their lives; if not this, lost their 

This book is instructive, not only 
concerning the South, but the 


We can only hope with the au- 
thor that patriotism may be taught 
the children of the South, that they 
may be taught now the value of the 
flag that waves over them, to pro- 
tect them, we hope in the future. 
This book will teach them many 
things they have never heard, and 
that they should have known from 
their own books and teachers, and 
not from those who triumphed 
over the splendid warriors of the 

The ultimatum was sorrow 
and humiliation and poverty 
for the lovely land its noble men 
and women, with unexampled 
heroism, and God-like courage and 
integrity tried to save. If earthly 
honor and fame can be any com- 
fort, they have this, beyond any 
people on the earth today. 

**Half Hours'' tells the story in 
most interesting style. We could 
not lay the book down until we had 
finished it. We heartily commend 

it to every teacher in the South- 
land, as a historic guide, through 
the darkness of the Civil War in 
the South, 1861-65. 


The editor of the Register has 
been apprised by letter and by cer- 
tificate, of a new honor, conferred 
upon her by the California Hist.- 
Genealogical Society, of that 
State, located in San Francisco. 
She has been made an honorary 
member of this Society. She is 
sincerely grateful for the honor, 
and hopes the Register in future 
may be enriched by the informa- 
tion that may be obtained by this 
generous recognition of its serv- 
ices through its editor to that So- 

Where one has honestly toiled 
for an honor, and after long delay, 
it is conferred, it is pleasant to the 
winner, and where through that 
honor, the person obtains a higher 
one, it is more pleasing, but when 
it comes as an unexpected mark of 
distinction, the honor is delightful. 
Thanks to those elegant people of 
the Golden Gate, whose scholar- 
ship and wealth make them the 
pride of their city and the envy of 
the world for writing our name on 
their list of members. We are 
simply by birth a Kentuckian, by 
marriage a Kentuckian and by citi- 
zenship a Kentuckian, and resi- 
dent of no mean city, as Paul ex- 
presses it, even the capital of Ken- 
tucky, Frankfort. 

The State Journal in noting this 


R«9ittier of tht Kentucky 8tatt Historical 8oeloty. 

beautiful compliment to us, has the 
following to say : 

Mrs. Morton's work for the His- 
torical Society of Kentucky has 
met deserved recognition, for it 
was through her untiring efforts 
that the Society has been brought 
up to its present flourishing con- 
dition, and that the valuable collec- 
tion of portraits and relics has 
been preserved. The Register is 
now on exchange not only in nearly 
every State in the Union, but in 
Canada, Paraguay and Uruguay, 
South America, Italy, Switzer- 
land, England and Scotland, 
and, as it has been put, it has 
done more than any other Ken- 
tucky publication to '* gather the 
fragments that nothing be lost, to 
show the next ages what liberty 


How is the cost of living to be 
reduced? This is the most im- 
portant question before the Ameri- 
can people. Its solution is more 
vital by far than the identity of 
the next President. 

Under the present system of 
excessive protection, those who 
toil are each year finding it more 
difficult to make a living, while 
the comparative handful of mil- 
lionaires who chiefly reap the 
benefit of this toil spend their 
tiQie in idleness and disvsipation, 
their fortunes meanwhile increas- 
ing in almost exact proportion to 
the increase in cost of living. 
The result is that many Ameri- 
cans, especially the hard working 



We are in receipt of a very inter- 
esting pamphlet, or bulletin, issue-i 
by the Inter-State Board of tl>- 
Perry's Victory Centennial Con: 
missioners. It contains much vain- 
able information about the Centec- 
nial, which is to be held in 1913, t^ 
ginning on July 4th and ending od 

poor, are becoming plainly dis- 
gusted with the way things are 
going, disgusted with even this 
form of government. j 

This feeling on the part of the 
worker is simply history repeat- 
ing itself. Extravagance and 
misery, the history of the world 
shows, never did make good bed- 
fellows in a ^'cradle of liberty." 
It is important that the high cost 
of living problem be settled be^ 
fore the unrest grows to greater 
proportions. The earlier it is 
settled the better for the repub- 
lic. Which party will solve ii. 
the Republican party or the Dec- 
ocratic party? The Republican 
theory has always been that the 
heavier the tariff tax on things 
eaten, worn or used by the 
people, the better for the people. 
The Democratic theory is that to 
reduce taxation is to rednee 
prices. The people must choose 
between the two policies, the 
policy of protection or the policy 
of merely enough tariff to raise 
sufficient revenue to meet the 
actual expenses of the govenunent. 

Rtgister of tht Kentucky State Historical Society. 


October 5th« It also contains a 
picture of the Perry Memorial, 
which is to be erected at Put-in-Bay 
in time for the opening of the Cen- 
tennialy the classic design of which 
is very beautiful and impressive. 

It is hoped that Kentuckians 
will take great interest in the Cen- 
tennialy as the State is to be signal- 
ly honored in the celebration. The 
people of the other States inter- 
ested have generously recognized 
the fact that Kentucky played a 
more important part in the War of 
1812 than any other State in the 
Union. Not only has this been con- 
ceded, but the additional fact, not 
generally known till published in a 
recent issue of the Uegister, that 
Kentucky riflemen stationed in the 
rigging of Perry ^s ships, con- 
tributed largely to the brilliant 
victory. Most of us recall the 
statement in our school histories 
that there was a frightful slaughter 
of the British officers, there soon 
being not enough left to command 
the ships. The school histories did 
not offer any explanation of this, 
but we know now that it was the re- 
sult of the deadly aim of these Ken- 
tucky riflemen, who had been in- 
structed by Commodore Perry to 
pick off the fellows wearing red 

As suggested above, because of 
these things Kentucky is to play 
an important part in the great cele- 
bration. After the opening of the 
Centennial at Put-in-Bay the cele- 
bratiop is to be transferred to 
several other cities for a week each, 
the final culminating week bringing 
it to Louisville. The exact char- 
acter of the celebration for the 

Sig. 7 

different cities has not yet been de- 
cided upon, but it is expected that 
the celebration in Louisville will in- 
clude a river pageant lasting 
throughout the week, with possibly 
a reproduction in fire works of the 
Battle of Lake Erie. 

The Register trusts that the 
press of the State, and the people 
generally, will join in making Ken- 
tucky's week, as well as the entire 
Centennial, a glorious success, for 
only by so doing can we pay a 
fitting tribute to the memory of the 
illustrious Kentuckians whose part 
in the War of 1812 added glory to 
the name of both Kentucky and the 



By Mrs. Mary L. Cady 


Backward and forward to and fro, 

The tirelesft shuttle flies: 
In and out, over and so. 

With heayy and restless eyes, 
I sit at the loom of life and weave 

A fabric of many dyes. 

Rose-hued and somber, dark with shade. 

And crossed by many line, 
That the fleeting changeful years have 

In this varied web of mine. 
Into its warp both flower and weed. 

Their clasping tendrils twine. 

Royal lilies with cup of gold, 
Abrim with the sweetest breath. 

And lying below, in the dark and mold. 
The noisome hemlock of death. 

Beauty and grace and life above, 
And nightshade underneath. 

Dreaming and weaving in and out, 
A tangled and knotty thread. 


Register of th« Ktntucky State HIetorieal 8ooi«ty. 

Bud of promise and lines of doubt. 
By the noitfelese shuttle sped. 

Thus shall I sit at my mystic loom. 

Working till white and cold. 
Weaving and praying all the while, 

That when my labors are told. 
My work shall drop 'neath the Master's 

Ih many a shining fold. 
Shall fall, and spread at His precious feet. 

The veriest cloth of gold. 

At the request of friends, we 
publish the following beautiful 
poem, which was written for the 
Maysville Bulletin in 1869, by Mrs. 
Mary L. Cady, daughter of the late 
Andrew Mitchell, It is truly a 
worthy effort showing it emanated 
from a soul full of poetic genius: 


Beat to be resigned; to trust in Heaven and 
That God shall work out what he thinketh 
Let the dim future bring Its weal or woe, — 

Its blissful mom or desolating night, 
'Twill solace be, to know our feet have 
To walk unblamed beneath the eye of 

Best be resigned! not fretted or asgrlered. 
With the scant portion of life's blesaifigi 
Our hearts should own the blesaed giifts re- 
And turn in gratitude for them towards 
It Is a gracious thing to be resigned. 
To what of earth our thirsting souls may 

Resigned? Even so best utter no complaint, 
We needs must bear bereavement, pais 
and woe; 

'Tis not a Christian part to fall and faiat 
In the rough paths our feet must go, 

'T'were idle to regret; best be resigned! 

I count it worse than vain, to sigh and 

O'er lost treasures of departed years; 
Of what avail is it, that we shall keep 
Their memory fresh with unrelleviB^ 
Then better far the holier peace to find 
And 'neath the will of God, to be re- 

Tea, wherefore should we weep? The nlgbt 
of death 
Will soon close darkly around our weary 
How sweetly then to yield our breath 
And live anew in God's eternal day! 
Oh Savior, shed thine influence o'er oar 
Help us to look to Thee, and be resigned 

Kesigned? ah, truly yes, though tired and 
And crushed beneath duU care's depress- 
ing weight. 
And wondering oft times how life'e iUs 
When the dread burden seems so Very 
But thoughts like these are vain, what must 
be must, 
God is the King; whatever 1«, is just. 

UARY 22, 1813. 

Written on the Battlefield by Maj. 
William O. Butler. 

(This beautiful poem is from the MS. tad 

R»9l«ler of th« Kentucky 8tiite HIstoNcftI Sooiety. 


Wlks obUined through tfafe courtesy of P. 
Fall Taylor, Tampa, Fla.) 

The battle's o'er, the din Is past; night's 

mantle on the field is cast; 
The moon with sad and penrtve beam 

hangs sorrowing o'er the bloody stream, 
The Indian yell is heard no more and 

silence broods on Erie's shore; 
O! What an hour is this to tread the field 

on which our warriors bled. 
To raise the wounded chieftain's cretft or 

warm with tears his icy breast. 
To treasure up his last command and bear 

it to his native land; 
It may one ray of Joy impart to the fond 

mother's bleeding heart. 
Or for a moment it may dry the tear drop 

in the widow's eye; 
Vain Hope away! the widow ne'er her 

warrior's dying wish shall hear; 
The zephyr bears no feeble sigh, no strug- 
gling chieftain meets the eye 
Sound is his sleep on Erie's wave or 

Raisin's waters are his grave; 
Then mufiTle the cold funeral string and 

give the harp to sorrow's hand 
F>»r sad's the Dirge the Muse must sing fal- 
len are the Flowers of the land. 
How many hopea lie buried here? The 

Father's joy, the Mother's pride, 
The country's boast, the Foeman'ff fear in 

wildered havoc side by side. 
Of all the young and blooming train who to 

the combat rushed amain 
How few shall meet and fight again how 

many strew the ftital plain; 

O, Jentle moon, one ray of light throw on 

the dusky face of Night» 
And give to view each gallant form that 

sunk beneath the morning storm; 
The murky cloud has passed away, tii^ 

moonbeams on the waters play; 
Upon the brink a soldier lay, his eye was 

dim his visage pale. 
And like a stranded vessel's sail his red 

loclu wantoned in the gale. 
It was the gay, the gallant Mead, in pMtce» 

mild as the setting beam 

That guides at eve the wildered stream; in 

war the fiery battle Steed. 
The foe, no more shall shun his arm, his 

mirth no more the ear shall charm, 
Tet o'er his low and silent grave the laurel 

fresh and green shall wave; 

And who is that so pale and low stretched 

on his bier of Bloody snow. 
Beside the water's silent flow? The fire of 

his eye is gone; 
The ruddy glow his cheek has flown, yet 

sweet In death his corpse appears; 
Smooth is his brow and few his years, for 

thee sweet Youth the sigh shall start. 
From a fond mother's anxious heart for 

thee some Virgin's sheek shall feel 
At midnight hour the tear drop steal, and 

playmates of your childhood'a hour 
Pour o'er your grave youth's generous 

slower; O! could modest merit save 
Its dear possessor from the grave, thy 

corpse Montgomery ne'er had lain 
Upon the wild unhallowed plain, but what 

were modest merit here 
Or what were Friendship's pleading tear, 

the fiend that laid that flower low 
Smiled as he hurled the fatal dart and saw 

with pride the lifeblood flow 
That warmed a young and generous heart 

Here sleep, sweet youth! tho' far away 
From home and friends thy relics lay, 

yet oft' on Fancy's pinions borne 
Friendship shall seek thy lowly urn; Spring 

shall thy icy sheet untwine 
And shrould thee with the roseate vine; 

here shall the streamlet gently flow; 
Here shall the zephyrs softly blow; hwe 

shall the wild Flower love to bloom 
And shed its fragrance round thy tomb; 

here shall the wearied wild bird rest; 
Here shall the ringdove build hef nest 

and win from every passerby. 
With note of saddest melody, a Tear for 

young Montgomery. 
Close by his side young Mcllvain lay 

stretched along the bloody plain; 
Upon his visage smooth and mild Deat^ 

calmly sat and sweetly smiled. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

'Tis thu0 an infant sinks to rest in 'Quiet 

on its mother's breast, 
Wben no rude thoughts its mind employ 

to damp its present or future Joy, 
Yet seemed his eye of tender blue still wet 

with pitty's pearly dew; 
Yes, Pitty was his better part, Pitty and 

friendship formed his heart, 
And ne'er was heart so good and kind ac- 
companied by such noble mind; 
No more the sentry from his post, while ell 

the camp in sleep is lost. 
Shall eee him by the sick man's side nurs- 
ing life's feebly ebbing tide; 
No more the soldier's latest breath shall 

bless him on his bed of death. 
Yet shall his cold and tuneless Bier be 

warmed by many a tfilent tear. 
Oh, Pittying Moon. Withdraw thy light and 

leave the World in murkiest night. 
For I have seen too much of Death, too 

much of this dark fatal heath; 
Mere Graves and Allen meet the eye and 

Simpson's giant form is nigh, 
And Bdmiston, a warrior old, and Hart, the 

boldest of the bold — 
These and their brave compatriot band ask 

the sedate Historian's hand. 
Mine only strews the fading Flower that 

Mem'ry culls from Friendship's bower. 
But his shall twine the Deathless bays that 

fairer Grows through Future Days. 

(MaJ. William Orlando Butler.) 



Tasselled and plumed Kentucky's King of 

Waves his sceptered blades in the warm 

June air; 
While on them dew drops sparkle every 

The golden sunbeams and the singing rain 
Steal down tp root and stalk — the beaded 


Swell in their silken sheaths like pearls 

While stirs the milk white 0ap which the 

gods declare 
Makes best ambrosia for the brawn and 


When the days grow short and the nights 

blow cold 
And all the woods are out on dress parade. 
While fruit hangs mellow in the autumn's 

Thou standest there like burnished spears 

of gold. 
Ready to listen to the call of death; 
Whose voice I hear in thy dry rustling 


Alexander Hynd-Lindsay. 



I hear thy carol in the morning gray 

And it falls on me as when the red dawn's 

Bathes the breast of the rose and eyes of 

violets blue. 
So soft yet clear and sweet is thy sky lay. 
Within thy song zone I could forever stay. 
And I would give sweet bird all I ever knew 
Of blood bought truth, and woman's love so 

If I had half thy gladness thou dost sing 

Lost in the cloud and thee I see no more 
Trembles the ether blue with thy flood of 

As thou dost pour unstinted rich and strong 
Thy Sun-Hymn sweeter as thou dost up- 
ward soar 
Till the sun smiles as he toils his westward 

And the pale stars from dreaming break 


Alexander Hynd-Lindsat. 

Reglftttr of tht Kentucky 8Ut« Historical Society* 



There's a llfflit In the eye it Is well to seek 
And a warmth in a smile that inspires. 
That you cannot find in your books that 

But of nature and it0 singular fires. 

Tou will miss from your way as the sun 

goes down, 
And the evening of life comes on. 
The friendship that's slighted as you have 

Away from the friends of your youth by« 


When tne beautiful world you have sought 

to win 
Has lost its charm o'er your soul, 
And its voice of applause is all too thin 
To trust when you reach its goal. 

When you need a light, not of sun or star. 
And a tender warmth fire cannot lend, 
'Tis the kindly light that is true, near or 

And its lamp ia the heart of a friend. 


By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

The notes Spring gives, due in the fall, 

Grand Nature pays in gold. 
Ah! would that we poor toilers all 

Could thus pay debts we hold. 
Her Bank, the largest in the world, 

(The trees in wood and fields) 
No matter what demand is hurled. 

Supply her treasure yields. 

From maple to the golden rod. 
From oak to apple green. 

From all the richnes* of the sod 
She does her great wealth glean. 

And honest autumn, brave And tme^ 

Who stands from mom to mom. 
Doth cash the notes as they fall due— 
Though left bare and forlorn. 

The apple's in the orchard now. 

The nuts are on the trees. 
And many good things doth the plow 

Turn up, besides all these. 
But they cannot be had for thank. 

All nature's stores for sale. 
But how make checks upon her bank 

When rain and season fail. 

Ah! it is sin to wish that we 

Like trees could coin our gold. 
And pay the debts of tenancy — 

And calls, on what we hold. 
If we could touch a limb and say — 

Give! and plenty falls — 
Then none from want, need go astray. 

Or starve, in cot or halls. 

When years roll by, and love grows cold 

^st nature's debt is presffed 
How sweet if we, in leaves of gold 

Could pay, and fall to rest. 
But not so here, doth God ordain — 

His law we must obey, 
And hopeful lift our crose again 

And bide His better way. 


(The following paper wag prepared to 
read before the meeting on Boone Day, and 
the reason why it was omitted was that the 
Regent feared it would make the program 
wearisome to the several hundred persons 
present. It could be spared from the list 
of good things prepared for them, and she 
took the liberty of withdrawing it, with 
the promise it should appear in the Sep- 
tember Register, as well as publirtied in 
the Brochure of the Proceedings of the 
Meeting on Boone Day, 7th of Jane-*al« 
ready sent out to the members and firiends 
in all parts of the cQuntry.) 

Address of the Begent, Mrs. Jen- 


R«9l«ter of th« KtntuQt^ 9Mm HittiMoftl teoUty. 

nie C. Morton, which was omitted 
from the program. 
**Mr. President, Ladies and Gen- 
tlemen : 

In my great desire to have an 
elegant occasion, I purposely omit- 
ted the Begent of the State Histor- 
ical Society — lest ego become an in- 
trusion, an offense. On this 15th 
annual conunemoration of Boone 
Day, you have before you in large 
part the work of the Secretary- 
Treasurer, the Editor of the Reg- 
ister, and the Begent. Dorcases 
household needle work spoke for 
her, in death. This is a larger, 
more difficult and more compli- 
cated work for the State of Ken- 
tucky that is before you in this Hall 
of Fame, and the able workers in 
this department, officers of the 
State Historical Society, are be- 
fare you in life, asking your ap- 
proval, your co-operation and your 
good wishes, while you enjoy the 
grand results before you of their 
faithful endeavor. 

I feel sure if the first founders 
of the Kentucky State Historical 
Society in 1836, now seventy-six 
years ago, could look down on the 
acorn of their planting, thev with 
the world famous man, feoone, 
would be amazed at its growth and 
its foliage, now a wide spreading 
tree with branches in Europe and 
in the Isles of the Sep , They could 
not have dreamed of this result. 
They planted the seed, and 
seemed to have cared for it no more. 
It was left to struggle into exist- 
ence now and then, battling with 
neglect and poverty of soil, but 
showing like the Jerusalem flower 
when i)laced in water, there was 
life in it somewhere. 

It was after the Civil War that 
•Governor James B. McCreary, 
Captain John Andrew Steele, and 
a number of such gallant and di»- 
tinguis'hed men undertook its care. 
For a few years it lived and 
thrived under their protection, but 
changes came, death and distance 
removed many of the members, and 
finally cold indifference remanded 
the Kentucky Historical Society to 
oblivion and its few curios, mss. &c,. 
were hidden away in closefts in the 
old Capitol. 

In 1896 there came a little com- 
pany of 20th century people into 
the old Capitol (our Society). 
When they saw the relics they re- 
solved to restore the Society these 
once represented. Today they 
point you to the result of their 
care, loyal protection and intelli- 
gent vigilance. 

We are proud of our Capitol, but 
we are prouder still of our rooflOA 
in it. Our splendid Library, with 
its wealth of historical literature, 
and the paintings and portraits of 
inestimable value. These histor- 
ical treasures that we have been 
able to collect by purchase, by so- 
licitation, and influence, with the aid 
of our small State appropriation, 
have been and will continue to be 
of great service to the educatioBal 
system of the State, as well as in- 
structors for the masses that visit 
the Historical Booms. 

Our Society, under its charter^ 
occupies a unique position in the 
State Government, being as one of 
our most distinguished jurists has 
said, a * ^ Protectorate, ' ' in the re- 
cent usage of this term. It has its 

*DuriB9 kis firtt admMatimtlaii, 1S95-TI. 


Register of th« Kentucky State Historical Society. 


own rules governing the body, and 
directing and controlling its own 
interests, and electing its own offi- 
cers; the while in close relation to 
the State, upholding its laws and 
extending the power of the Com- 
monwealth under which it receives 
its legitimate support and for 
whose benefit it is conducted. 

Our reports are now published 
in pamphlet form, and when exam- 
ined and approved by the Governor, 
are laid before the Legislature at 
each recurring session, and after- 
wards filed in the Archives of the 
State. It will be seen and known 
by all that though a protectorate, 
our time, our thought, and our 
most faithful service is given for 
the uplift, and continued success 

and glory of the Commonwealth of 


According to our rules, history 
is confined to Kentucky and Ken- 
tuckians of notable worth. And 
this history of Kentucky began 
with the County of Kentucky, in old 
Virginia, then was taken up with 

the three Counties, Fayette, Jeffer- 
son and Lincoln, with a map of the 
so-called State of Kentucky, made 
by John Filson. We know very 
little of this intelligent man. His 
history begins there and ends in 
the mysterious silence that neither 
the savage or the forest has broken. 
He disappears. It is supposed he 
was killed by the Indians. His map 
and bit of history survive him. Not 
so with his companions, Daniel 

Boone and other pioneers. Not 
only do their good and great achive- 
ments survive them, but Kentucky 
has their histories from their birth 
to their deaths, in newspapers, 
pamphets and books. 

There are beginnings and silenc- 
es in all these histories that seem to 
annoy the latter day inspector and 
historians. We have been taught 
in many instances where the links 
are missing— they were not worth 
preserving^-in others they were of 
a character it was not desirable 
to discuss. In either case, curi- 
osity is barred from entrance. 

We want the history of repre- 
sentative people, and as nearly as 
possible we have written of them, 
and endeavored to bring their his- 
tories before Kentucky. 

And our libraries are full of this 
valuable material. Yet we see this 
age of the 20th century does not 
feel that it can be taught anything 
by the history of our forefathers. 
The age differs so from the past. 
The full range of the acts and ex- 
periences of the founders of the 
State, and the creators and pro- 
moters of the government, are be- 
ginning to read like blunders in ex- 
periments to the lawmakers, the 
teachers and the writers of this age, 
now writing its history by electric- 
ity, and conforming life to new 
theories, unwise laws and question- 
able teachings of religion and 
morals. Yet we see men, unwilling- 
ly ofttimes, fall back upon their 
plans and principles which guided 
their ancestors in founding a State 
and forming a govemmient, tjhait 
looked to the betterment of the 


Register of th« Kentucky State Historical Society. 

conditiofQs of life in all classes of 
men and conditions of society. They 
give these plans new names, but 
these are the same in design. Hence 
we write the history as we find it, 

leaving the silence unbroken 
where there are seals upon them. 
AH history should be written for 
the betterment of the world, and its 
repulsive chapters of War and 
Crime, only given for warning. 
Writers cannot change the past, 
but under the enlightenment bf 
Christian civilization they can 
show the better way in the history 
of the future. 


The unrest and distrust of the 
present will be chronicled for the 
future — ^to entertain or to warn, 
or it may do both. 

The political, social and com- 
mercial problems of this age are 
not worked out by the old arith- 
metics and algebras' signs and 
rules any more. Neither the well 
equipped teacher, the divinely in- 

spired preacher, the poet gifted 
with insight into worlds he has 
never seen, and mysteries of 
thought above the masses nor 
the learned, the wise, nor 
the eloquent seem to be able 
so far to still the turmoil 
and clash of interests among the 
masses that make a Democratic 
government. *'Vox populi, vox 
Dei" — like the illusive sibyl whose 
prophecy and whose power was 
invoked to reveal the truth, still 
the tumult and lend faith and en- 
thusiasm in victory. She looks 
away to the stars and is silent 
Hers is the occult knowledge that 
is revealed by a more thrilling call, 
than the protesting, wrangling 
jarring voice of the untaught 
masses, ever contending and never 
achieving. Much time is wasted in 
reading the theories of government 
now. The future history will be 
full of these vagaries, but that his- 
tory will also be full of the result 
of the contending forces of this 
period. Let us see if lifers prob- 
lems are solved by lightning flashes 
without money and without price. 






By a Descendant. 

(We have been requested to pub- 
lish the following brief history and 
genealogy as it is written by a 
member of the family in Virginia. 
We hope the Kentuckians who 
have sought information of their 
Woolfolk ancestry, may find many 
of their questions answered in the 
following paper.— Ed. The Regis- 

Belmont, Albemarle, Va., 
March 7, 1887. 
Mrs. C. A. Harris, ' 

Dear Madam : — Several weeks 
ago I received your very kind and 
welcome letter inquiring after our 
family record. I commenced an 
examination into the matter, as far 
as record, and other information 
in my possession. I find it a com- 
plieated and difficult task to under- 
stand when the intermarriages 
into each branch take place, I 
have table of family biography for 
several years and had collected 
some material aided by memory 
and oral information, for 4hi» pur- 

pose — ^finding it a difficult task, I 
had almost abandoned it, but hav- 
ing received several requests for 
its record, I must try and give 
what I have to my friends who 
w^ish it — hoping that someone 
may do more justice to the subject 
than myself I beg leave, with this 
preface to answer your inquiries 

about our ancestors. 

The first who came to this coun- 
try about 1640, was William 
Harris from Wales, and settled in 
York, near Yorktown, Va. (this I 
find in the fly leaf of the Bible of 
Great Uncle Harris Coleman). He 
raised a family, but no names 
given except one of his sons named 
William, who married Miss Eliza- 
beth Lee, a sister, or near rela- 
tive of Richard Henry Lee^ of 
Eevolutionary fame. They had 
two sons — nothing is said of their 
daughters. The sons, William and 
Lee, came to Albermarle Co., Va. 
William, the oldest, settled near 
the Green Mountains, on a stream 
called Green Creek. Lee went to 
Nelson and settled not far from 
the Bock Fish River. William, 
my great-grandfather, married a 
Miss Netherland. This is our 
branch. By this marriage they 
had ten children — ^four sons and 
six daughters, to-wit, Matthew, my 


R«gi«ttr of th« K«ntucky 8tat« Hfatorlcal Society. 

great-grandfather; John, our old 
great uncle; Major William Har- 
ris, the great-grandfather of your 
husband. He married a Miss 
Wagstaff, a cousin down in York, 
and the branch of the family who 
married a Wagstaff. John 'first 
married a Eonsy. She died with- 
out issue. He next married the 
widow Barclay, who had no chil- 
dren by her last maniage. Benja- 
min, the youngest, married a Miss 
Wood. The daughters were Sally, 
married David Mosby. Mary, 
your grandmother, married Sowel 
Woolfolk. Elizabeth married 
John Diggs, Catherine married 
Hawes Steger. Judith first mar- 
ried George Coleman, a brother of 
Clayton Coleman, of Spottsyl- 
vania, who was the great-grand- 
father by both sides of your hus- 
band. He married a Baptist, a 
branch also of the Harris family. 
She had, by her marriage with 
Geo. Coleman, four sons, William, 
Euben, Eobert and Lindsay. After 
the death of George Coleman she 
married Daniel Tucker, by whom 
she had two children — St. George 
Tucker and Mary Tucker. He 
married my sister. Mary married 
Wilkins Watson, grandfather and 
grandmother of your husband's 
youngest brother William's wife. 
Nancy, the youngest daughter, 
married Hawes Coleman, of 
Spottsylvania and settled in Nel- 
son. By this marriage they had 
four children — three sons and one 
daughter, to-wit: William Cole- 
man married Ann Hawes, a daugh- 
ter of Eichard Hawes, of Ken- 
tucky, the father of the late Gov. 
Hawes, of Kentucky. The second 

son, Hawes W. Coleman fi^1 
married Miss Woods, who dieii 
childless, and after her death 
married Miss Lewis of Spottslyva 
nia second, and then Miss CroDci 
third, both of whom died witbon: 
issue. By his fourth marriasfe 
with Miss Snead he had one dangt 
ter. John T. Coleman, the third 
son, married ^Catherine Hawes of 
Kentucky, a sister to his brother 
William Coleman's wife-hi? 
daughter Mary married John ^ 
Harris, the father of Wm. W. Har 
ris an^ great uncle to your he- 
band. (From George Coleman ad 
several down are intermarriage? 
into both branches.) It is believe-i 
that William and Lee Harris hi 
four sisters. One married a Wa? 
staff, another a Baptist, as Clay 
ton Coleman, your husband V 
great-grandfather married a Bap^ 
tist, whose mother was a Miss Har 
ris. Another married Egleston 
and I hear he married a Miss Har 
ris, and as Jefferson Davis' motier 
was a Miss Harris, she being one 
of the four sisters this brings up 
the branches of the original stoct 
I had a memorandum given me ot 
this, I forget by whom. This mar 
help in tracing the other branches 
of intermarriages. Matthew Har 
ris, my great-grandfather married 
Elizabeth Tate, whose mother vaj 
also a Miss Netherland. He had 
six sons and eight daughters. To^ 
wit : Mary, your husband's grana 
mother married Joseph Sheltoi 
Elizabeth married Joseph Col^ 
man, another brother oi Geoip 
and Clayton Coleman, of Spottsvl 
vania. Judith married Williai» 
Wharton, mother of Mrs, John, oi 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Texas. Francis married Lewis 
Nicholas, brother of Governor Nich- 
olas. Caroline married Eobert 
Coleman, of Spottsylvania, anoth- 
er intermarriage. Lucinda mar- 
ried John Driggs, Jr., another in- 
termarriage. These are the direct 
descendants of Major William 
Harris as nearly related to your 
husband, Benjamin, family. He 
married Miss Woods by whom 
he had seven sons and four 
daughters, i. e., William, Sam- 
uel, Benjamin, John, James 
George and Bushrod. Daugh- 
ters: Mjary and Eebecca who 
married Henry T. and Benjamin 
Harris, my father's brothers, Mar- 
garet first married Dr. Woods, of 
Nelson, who died leaving one 
daughter. She next married Dr. 
Mahon, of Illinois, had three sons 
who are nearly all dead. Jane 
first married Hardin Perkins, had 
one son and after his death mar- 
ried James Roberts. They left two 
children, Mary and George. Sally 
Harris who married Daniel Mosby 
was the parent of your husband's 
grandfather's second wife and the 
great-grandparent of Col. John 
Singleton Mosby, the great Confed- 
erate Guerilla. Mary Woolfolk, 
your grandmother, whose husband 
was Sowel Woolfolk, had five sons, 
William, Sowel, John, Joseph and 
Thomas — ^no daughters named. It 
says John Woolfolk was aide to 
General Winchester in the Battle of 
the River Raisin, was taken to 
prison and it was reported that the 
Indians scalped him and put a fire 
on his head. He acted a gallant 
and heroic part in the battle. I be- 
lieve I have given you the descend- 

ants principally in the line of Wil- 
liam Harris. I will now trace the 
family of the younger brother Lee, 
who married a Miss Phillips. They 
had five sons, namely: William 
Lee, who was your husband's 
grandfather. He first married 
a daughter of Clayton Cole- 
man of Spottsylvania. By 
this marriage he had three 
daughters and two sons. C. 
Coleman, who married a Miss Bap- 
tist, a branch of the Harris family, 
his sons, to-wit: Lee W. Harris, 
your husband's father Carter B. 
Harris — the daughters, Nancy, 
Sally and Mary, who died. The 
other two married Mr. Daly and 
Mr. Coleman and moved away. 
Clayton Coleman's second wife, 
Mary Mosby, had two daughters 
both married and left some family 
—are all dead. Your husband's 
father married Elizabeth Shelton, 
the daughter of Col. James Shel- 
ton and Mary, His wife was the 
daughter of Major William Harris, 
of Nelson. Lee W. Harris, the 
father and Col. Joseph Shelton, the 
grandfather, in their earlier life 
represented Nelson County in the 
Legislature of Virginia. Of the 
children of your husband's father 
you are well acquainted. Matthew 
had a family and moved south 
early — Matthew and also John mar- 
ried a sister of William Lee's wife. 
All three daughters of Clayton 
Coleman, of Spottslyvania. John 
lived at his father's old homestead. 
He had three sons and four daugh- 
ters — nearly all dead. Two or 
three left families. Edward, anoth- 
er brother married Catharine Diggs 
— they were the parents of John 


ItH^ttM* •f tilt KvfitiMfcy SUrto HfslOfioftI •oelety. 

L. Harris whom you know. They 
moved south early and had four 
sons and four daughters. Nathan, 
youngest brother married Sally 
Mosby, a sister of your husband's 
grandfather's second wife and 
great aunt to our relative Col. 
John T. Mosby. He had four sons 
and three daughters, all dead. One 
or two left small families. There 
were two daughters of the old stock 
whose names I do not know. One 
married a Mr. Burks and the other 
a Mr. Eucker. I think they lived 
in Bedford or Campbell County at 
one time. Some may have gone 
south. I think these are the imme- 
diate descendants of the original 
stock. There are intermarriages 
on both sides, which make it more 
necessary to trace that; also in 
order to understand it. The record 
I have only gives a short account 
of the original stock, with some of 
the immediate branches on both 
sides. As there are intermarriages 
on both sides, it is necessary to 
understand the whole history, all 
the families and intermarriages. 
This you see is a difficult and ted- 
ious undertaking. I will, if agree- 
able to you send you a copy of the 
record I have, after you receive 
this. And as this is so lengthy, 
although I have tried to condense 
as much as possible, to contain a 
synopsis of each branch leaving it 
for further inquiry, if agreeable to 
you, the intermarriages of the Cole- 
uaans and other branches with the 
Harris family. You will find this 
requires close observation and con- 
siderable explanation to be under- 
stood. I hope you will excuse my 
delay in replying to your very kind 

letter. If you need any explain 
tions upon any point I hope yr. 
will not hesitate to make it kncr. 
as I will most cheerfully explain t§ 
the best of my means. 

Our great-grandmother TVoo. 
folk was Miss Harris, daughter k 
Major Harris, of Nelson Couba 
Virginia. Her husband was So^^ 
Woolfolk. Her brother was Jit 
Harris, one of the wealthiest p: 
of Virginia, living in Jeffersoi? 
old home **Monticello" from wLo: 
he bought it. He lived in printf: 
style and was noted for his magnit- 
cent service of gold including cai 
dlesticks, etc., from which gra^| 
father Joseph Harris Woolfoii- 
was duplicated in solid silver. P^;- 
was named for this great uncle o: 
ours — John Lee Harris. His ^ 
and great-grandmother's sist?: 
married Gov. NichGls of Virginr 
their daughter married Jo^< 
Patterson, of Maryland, and tie:: 
daughter was Elizabeth Pattersc'^ 
who married Jerome Bonarpart'^ 

P. S. — My dearest Sarah, 

Would you like your grandfati- 
er's sword and epaulettes, ^f', 
know he was in the War of IS- 
had his full uniform once, ^t^ 
was very handsome being a Co > 
nel, but in our various movings' 
was stolen. 

I have always had and dais^' 
the sword and epaulette, and if T^ 
would care for them, had wtbf' 
you would have them than anyoi^ 
Your Uncle Joe has his sptir^ 
which are of solid silver. Y*^'*' 
Grandpa had expensive tastes «* 
I believe all the raen and Colonic 
dames had. 
He had a brother for whoffll 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorieal Society. 


bad the greatest admiration and for 
whom yonr father was named, 
John H. Woolfolk who was taken 
prisoner and killed at the River 
Baisin. I, of course, never saw 
him, but I remember as a young 
girl there was an old trunk m tte 
attic at the farm filled with his let- 
ters and speeches that I used to 
pore over. He was a brilliant and 
highly educated young lawyer, not 
twenty-five when he was killed. The 
last time I was in Frankfort I saw 
his name on the Shaft in the Ceme- 

tery dedicated to the Heroes of the 
'*War of 1812. '* He was my grand- 
mother's darling, and I have often 
heard from her old servants how 
she sat at her window and watched 
and waited for him after the war 
was over. News, at that time, 
moved so slowly. I believe she 
died before she ever had a confirma- 
tion of his death. 

I hope I have not bored you with 
this bit of family history. 

Your Aunt M- 


Received by 


From January 1st to July 1st, 1912. 


Farmers* Home Journal. 
The Bath County World. 
The Maysville Bulletin. 
The Shelby Record. 
The Woodford Sun. 
The Commoner. 
Frankfort State Journal. 


Historia of Historical Society 
of Oklahoma. 

The Century, Scribner, World's 
Work, Outing, National, Illinois 
Publications, Iowa Publications, 
South Dakota Publioations. 

** James Nourse and his De- 
scendants" — Contributed by Miss 
Annie Nourse. 

' ' Pictures in Silver ' ' — Do- 
nated by the Author. 

The Lindsay Clan Publications 
and the Collateral Branches — ^By 
Henry Gray, London, England. 

Writings of James Tandy Ellis, 
Frankfort, Kentucky. 

The National Geographic Mag- 
azine, February, 1912. 

Big. 8 

Bulletin of the New York Pub- 
lic Library, March, 1912. 

Annals of Iowa, March No., 
Des Moines, Iowa. 

Confederate Veteran for April, 

Nashville, Tenn, This is one of 
the finest numbers of the Veteran. 
It is doing a great work for the 
South, and should be in every 
home in the Southland. 

Annual Report of the American 
Historical Association for the 
year 1908, Vol. 2. Diplomatic 
Correspondence of the Republic 
of Texas 

**The Empire''— The Royal Co- 
lonial Institute Journal, London, 

Library of Congress— Monthly 
List of State Publications. Vol. 
3, No. 1, January, 1912. Report 
of Library of Congress, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

The Washington Historical 
Quarterly — Seattle, Washington. 

Jones of Virginia, &c. 

(This History and Genealogy of 
a distinguished family of Vir- 
ginia, Kentucky and London, 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

England, has jnst been received 
from its author, the Hon. Lewis 
H. Jones, of Louisville, Kentucky. 
The book is handsomely bound 
and printed, and is beautifully il- 
lustrated with photographs of the 
leading members and branches of 
the Jones family in England and 
America, Coats of Arms, Homes, 
Mss. and rare antiques of great 
variety. It is a book that will 
adorn any library. We congratu- 
late the author upon his success- 
ful undertaking, honoring alike to 
himself and the family he so ably 
represents. — Ed. ) 

Annual Report of the Philadel- 
phia Museum. — Philadelphia, Pa. 

The Outlook. 

The American Monthly Maga- 

Journal of the D. A. R. for 
April is an unusually interesting 
number. (Every page is full of 
forceful, well-written historical 

The Quarterly Journal of the 

ITniversitv of North Dakota. 

The New York Public Library, 
Bulletin of.— Fifth Ave., New 

Journal of the Arch. & Hist. As- 
sociation of Ohio. — Columbus, 0. 

The New England Historical 
and Genealogical Register and 
Proceedings of the New England 
Historic Genealogic Society — An- 
nual Meeting January, 1912 — Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts. 

A Syllabus of Kentucky Folk 
Songs— By Prof. Hubert G. 
Shearin, A. M. Ph. D. Transyl- 
vania University, Lexington, 

The Outlook— New York. 

The Quarterly of the Texas 
State Historical Association- 
April, 1912. Austin, Texas. 

The National Geographic Mag- 
azine — ^April. Washington, D. C. 

Hon. Boutwell Dunlap, Record- 
ing Secretary of the ''Genealogi- 
cal Society of California — ^Its Offi- 
cers and Members '* contributes 
this phamplet with ** Constitution 
and By-Laws of the Sacramento 
Society of California Pioneers." 

Hon. Josiah Shinn, of Washing- 
ton, D. C, Historian, Genealo- 
gist and Lawyer, formerly of Ken- 
tucky, contributes his three valu- 
able Histories to the Librarv of 
the Ky. State Hist. So. '^'The 
Pioneers and Makers of Arkan- 
sas.*' ** History of the Shinn Fam- 
ily in Europe and America," and 
** Ancestry of the Beall Family and 
Descendants of Gustavus Beali 
and Thomas Heugh BealP' — ^By 
Josiah Shinn. The author is now 
Economist and Statistician for 
the Majority Room, House OfBt'v 
Building, Washington, D. C. Mr. 
Shinn is descended from Ken- 
tucky Ancestry, and was once 
Magistrate of Franklin Co., Ky. 

The Quarterly Journal of the 
University of No,rth Dakotar- 
University North Dakota. 

Iowa Journal and Politio>, 
Iowa City, Iowa. Very valuable 

Annual Report of the Philadel- 
phia Museum. — ^Philadelphia^ Pa. 

Journal of the Illinois State 
Historical Society. — Springfield. 


The Lindsay Family Associa- 
tion of America. — Edited by Mrs. 
Margaret Lindsay Atkinson, Sec- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


retary and Historian. — Boston, 

The Academy and Literature — 
Toronto, Canada. 

Library of Congress — Monthly 
List of State Publications, Feby., 
1912.— Washington, D. C. 

The Year Book of the Pennsyl- 
vania Historical Society in New 
York. (This book contains the 
proceedings of the meeting for the 
William Penn Memorial, and is il- 
lustrated with elegant engravings 
of Thomas Penn, and of William 
Penn, of his grave, decorated by 
the Society on this splendid me- 
morial occasion. While all of the 
Year Books of this Society are 
very fine and valuable, this 
Penn Memorial Book is the most 
deeply interesting to all Ameri- 
cans interested and educated in 
the history of their country.) 

This Society has received from 
Montevideo, South America, the 
large and elegant book of '*Re- 
publica Oriental Del Uruguay,** 
containing official accounts and 
engravings of the officials at the 
Court of Montevideo. 

Journal of the Missouri State 
Historical Society.— St. Louis, • 

Descendants of William Prich- 
ard, by A. M. Prichard. — Charles- 
ton, West Va. 

The Justice of the Mexican 
War, by Charles H. Owen, from 
Putnam Publishing House. — ^New 

(We are under obligations to 
L. C. Murray, of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, for iihe elegant souvenir, 
"General Assembly of the Pres- 

byterian Church in the United 

States of America.*') 

A Catalogue of Americana. — 

Daniel Newhall. Publisher. — New- 

Annals of Iowa, Historical De- 
partment of Iowa. — Des Moines, 

Journal of the Presbyterian 
Historical Society. — Witherspoon 
Bldg., Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 

The United Empire. The Royal 
Colonial Institute Joulmal. — 
Amen Corner — ^London, England, 

The History Teacher's Maga- 
zine.— Philadelphia, June, 1912. 

Confederate Veteran. — Nash- 
ville, Tennessee. 

Library of Congress.— Monthly 
List of State Publications, Divi- 
sion of Documents. — ^Washington, 
D. C. 

The Commission on Archives, 
Church Mission's House, 281 
Fourth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Forty-nine bound volumes of 
Newspapers— 1825 to 1870. The 
Commentator, The Common- 
wealth, The Yoemaai, The Na- 
tional Journal, The Presbyterian. 

Historia, Journal of the Okla- 
homa Historical Society. 

New York Public Library, Bul- 
letin of. — New York City. 

Mitteillungen.— B. G. Teubner, 
Leipsic, Germany. 

Annals of Iowa, Historical 
Quarterly. — Des Moines, Iowa. 

Library of Congress— State 
Publications. — ^Washington, D. C. 

Indiana University Bulletin. — 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 


II » 


Brief Sketch of Mary Anderson 17 

Qlippings and Paragraphs 79 

Historical and Genealogical Dept 107 

Historic Homes of Harrodsburg 9 

In the Hollow of His Hand 45 

Kentucky Troops in the War of 1812 49 

Keport of Books, Magazines, etc 113 

Rowan-Chambers Duel 27 

Story of Three Governors 37 

Wapping Street (Frankfort) 69 

•V ■ ■■ 

_- - - ■ - -«- 

• O »0i 








JANUARY, 1913 

Vol. 11. 

No. 31 

Yearly Subscription 



Kentucky State Historical 



PER COPY, 25c. 


VOL II. NO. 31. 

Thb Stats Jotnui a^ cohpamv. 




GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY President Ex-Officie 

H. V. McCHESNCY PIret Vlce-Presfdent 

Vr. W. LONQMOOR Second Vice-President and Curator 

MISS SALLY JACKSON Third Vice-Preeident and Librarian 

MRS. JENMIE C. MORTON Hegent and 'Secretary-Treasurer 



H. V. MfiCHESNCY, Ofuiimmn. 

MISS SALLY MOKtOli V.-PreaidenL 


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Must be sent by check or money order. All communications for The 
Register should be addressed to Mbs. Jennib C. Mobton> Editor and 
Secretary-Treasurer, Kentucky State Historical Society, Frankfort, 

Mbs. Jennie C. Mobton, Editor-in-Chief. 
H. V. McChbsnby, Associate Editor. 
Pbop. G. C. Downing, Regular Contributor. 

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re is a blue X upon the first page of your Register, 
that your subscription has expired, and that your 

General meeting of the Kentucky State Historical Society, June 7th, the date of 
Daniel Boone's first view of the "beautiful level of Kentucky." 


JANUARY. 1913. 

1. HiBtory of Gen. John Peter Gabriel Muhleniberg. By Otto A. 

Rothert, LoulsvUle, Ky. 

2. The River Raisin. Battle One Hundred Tears Ago, and (List of 

Kentuckians killed and wounded in 'Mexican War. By A. C. 
Quisenberry, Hyattsville, Md. 

3. Regrets — a Poem. By Bfrs. Morton. 

4. Kentucky, a lAnd of Heroism, Eloquence, Statesmanship and 

Letters. By George Baber, Washington, D. C. 

6. Epitaphs. By Ella H. EUwanger. 

6. A Section of the Governor's Message, Nov. 1, 1824. 

7. Meeting of the Eizecutive Committee, 3rd of October, with 

Pampers Read IBy the (Regent — ^Reports, etc. 

8. Department of Clippings and Paragraphs. 

9. Department of Historical and Genealogical Papers. The 

Lindsays, Pogues, etc. 

10. Books, Newspapers, Mlagazines— ^Notices of Books 


Col. J. Stoddabd Johnston, Louisville, Ky. 

Hon, L. F. Johnson, Frankfort, Ky. 

Miss Mabtha Stephenson, Harrodsbnrg, Ky^ 

Hon. W. W. Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

W. W. LoNGMOOB, Frankfort, Ky. 

Peof. G. C. Downing, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mbs. Ella H. Ellwangeb, Frankfort, Ky. 

Geobge Babeb, Washington, D. C. 

Db. Thos. E. Pickett, Maysville, Ky. 

A. C. QmsENBEBBY, HyattsviUe, Md. 

Qexbhai, Jobs Pkter Gabmbi. Mi-hm, 

s ■ 






We call attention to the following biographical 
sketch of General Muhlenberg, one of the most remark- 
able heroes of the Eevolutionary War in Virginia, and 
the one for whom the County of Muhlenberg, Kentucky 
was named. The author, Mr. Otto A. Eothert, of Louis- 
ville, Ky., one of the most progressive and helpful mem- 
bers of the State Historical Society, has given us per- 
mission to publish this chapter in the Register, taken 
from his forthcoming book ''History of Muhlenberg 
County, Kentucky." 

This history is one of the most interesting and val- 
uable of the county histories of the State. It is written 
in the author ^s best style, beautifully illustrated through- 
out. The county should rise and give the author a pub- 
lic thanksgiving meeting for his book, that brings from 
obscurity the forgotten history of their county and its 
notable people and works. 

We append further fuller notice of this book in the 
Historical Clipping Department.— Ed. The Register. 



By Otto A. Bothert, Louisv 

Muhlenberg County was so which 

called in honor of General John forme 

Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, an of- after 

ficer of the Revolution. Collins, in able t 

his ''History of Kentucky,^' men- tion o 

tions this fact, but makes no state- His 1 

ment regarding the naming of the Muhk 

county. Ed. Porter Thompson, in cause 

his ''School History of Ken- his, b 

tucky,^' page 162, says: "General pionee 

Muhlenberg was at no time a resi- Revoli 

dent of Kentucky. His name and career 

his deeds, however, are of interest the R< 

to us because some of the gallant of the 

members of his church who fol- ter oi 

lowed him when he left his pulpit strugj 

to fight for independence, had Life o 

grants of land, for military serv- lenber 

ices, which they located on and be- Army, 

low Green River, soon after the Henry 

close of the Revolution, and made the d 

their homes in what is now this v 

Muhlenberg County. One of his facts: 

men, the Hon. Henry Rhoads, was Rev 

a member of the Legislature in berg, t 

1798 when Muhlenberg County berg, 

was established, and procured it to from ] 

be named in honor of his pastor He foi 

and general.*' Ameri 

General Muhlenberg made two Philad 

trips to Kentucky in 1784, but did His sc 

not see any part of that section was be 


Register of the Kentucky State Hletorical Society. 

on October 1, 1746. At the age of 
sixteen Peter was sent to Halle, 
Germany, to be educated. While 
in Europe he incidentally gained a 
little knowledge of military drills 
that, in later life, was a great ad- 
vantage to him. In 1767 he re- 
turned to America and became a 
minister in the Lutheran Church 
and served as a pastor to various 

Previous to the Revolution there 
was a union of Church and State in 
Virginia where the Church of Eng- 
land was established by law, * * and 
in order that the rector could in- 
force the payment of tithes, it was 
necessary that he should have been 
ordained by a Bishop of the Eng- 
lish Church, in which case he came 
under the provision of the law, 
altho not a member of the estab- 
lished church. * ' To meet these dif- 
ficulties Muhlenberg decided to be 
ordained in the oflScial church. In 
1772 he went to England where he 
was ordained by a Bishop of the 
English Church, and then returned 
to Virginia and preached at Wood- 
stock until the Revolutionary War 
broke out. 

In the early part of 1776 he 
organized a regiment of soldiers, 
the Eighth Virginia, known as the 
** German Eegiment.'^ He partici- 
pated in the fight at Charleston 
and Sullivan's Island. On Febru- 
ary 21, 1777, he was made briga- 
dier-general and took charge of the 
Virginia line under Washington, 
and was in chief command in Vir- 
ginia in 1781 until the arrival of 
Baron Von Steuben. He was in 
the battles of Brandywine, Ger- 
mantown and Monmouth and was 

also at the capture of Stony Point 
He was second in command to La- 
Fayette in resisting the invasion of 
the State by Cornwallis. He took 
part in the siege of Yorktown and 
was present when Cornwallis sur- 
rendered on October 19, 1781. On 
September 30, 1783, he was pro^ 
moted to the rank of major-gen- 
eral. A few months later the anny 
was formally disbanded and he re- 
turned to his family in Woodstock. 
In November he moved to Trappe 
and shortly after made Philadel- 
phia his home. 

In 1784 he made two trips to the 
Falls of the Ohio to superintend 
the distribution of lands m Ken- 
tucky granted to himself and other 
officers and soldiers of the Viginia 
Army. His diary kept on thes 
trips shows that he did not go down 
the Ohio below Louisville. In the 
fall of 1785 General Muhlenberg 
was elected Vice President of 
Pennsylvania, Benjamin Franklic 
being . at the same time cho^n 
President. He was re-elected to 
that office every year until 178S, 
when he was chosen one of A^ 
members of the First Congress, to 
serve from March 4, 1789, to Mareb 
4, 1791. He also served in the 
Third Congress and Fourtii Cod 
gress. In February, 1801, he was 
elected United States Senator from 
Pennsylvania. On the 30th of 
June, 1801, having been appointed 
Supervisor of Internal Bevenne 
for Pennsylvania, he resigned 
his seat in the Senate. In Jnlv. 
1802, he was appointed Collector 
of the Port of Philadelphia, whiok 
office he held «up to the time of Ms 
death, October 1, 1807. He is 

RoQister ^ tha Kentucky •tste Historical Society. 


buried at Trappe, PennsylvaBia, 
where also rest the remaiBS of his 

His biographer commenting on 
the career of General Muhlenberg, 

'^He was one of those characters 
which in a revolution always find 
their level. He was by nature a 
soldier. • * * He entered the 
church, doubtless, with as sincere 
and honest purpose as any of her 
mmistry, but the agony of his coun- 
try called him from the altar with 
a voice that touched every chord in 
bis soul. The time for fighting had 
come — the time to try men's souls. 
His whole heart was with his coun- 
try; rebellion against tyrants was 
obedience to God, and so feeling 
and so thinking, he went forth from 
the temple to the field. He was 
brave and generous to a fault, a 
proper brigadier to Green, who 
loved him. Cool in danger, sound 
in judgment, indiflFerent to fame, 
zealous in duty ; these were his dis- 
tinguishing traits as a soldier. His 
virtues in private and political life 
were all cognate to these.'' 

Such, in brief, was the career of 
General Muhlenberg. Many inter- 
esting incidents occurred during his 
life, the details of a number of 
which are recorded in his biogra- 
phy. Among them is the dramatic 
event that took place at Woodstock, 
Virginia, in the early days of 
<( 76/' Times, as Muhlenberg 
was wont to remark, had been 
** troublesome " and the Colonies 
were preparing to declare, and fight 
for, their independence. Rev. Muh- 
lenberg was appointed colonel of 
the Eighth Regiment Which was 

then far from fully organized. His 
acceptance of this ofiice necessitat- 
^ his resignation as pastor of his 
churches. The scene that took 
place when this *' fighting parson" 
delivered his farewell sermon is 
thus described by his biographer: 

'^Upon his arrival at Wood- 
stock, his different congregations, 
widely scattered along the front- 
ier, were notified that upon the fol- 
lowing Sabbath their beloved pas- 
tor would deliver his farewell ser- 
mon. Of this event numerous tradi- 
tionary accounts are still preserved 
in the vicinity in which it took 
place, all coinciding with the writ- 
ten evidence. The fact itself merits 
a prominent place in this sketch, for 
in addition to the light it sheds 
upon the feelings which actuated 
the American people in the com- 
mencemegit of the revolutionairy 
struggle, it also shows with what 
deep earnestness of purpose Mr. 
Muhlenberg entered upon his new 

**The appointed day came. The 
rude country church was filled to 
overflowing with the hardy moun- 
taineers of the frontier counties, 
among whom were collected one 
or more of the independent com- 
panies to which tHe forethought 
of the Convention had given birth. 
So great was the assemblage, that 
the quiet burial-place was filled 
with crowds of stem, excited men, 
who had gathered together, believ- 
ing that something, they knew not 
what, would be done in behalf of 
their suffering country. We may 
well imagine that the feelings 
which actuated the assembly were 
of no ordinary kind. The disturb- 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

ances of the country, the gather- 
ings of armed men, the universal 
feeling that liberty or slavery for 
themselves and their children hung 
upon the decision the Colonies then 
made, and the decided step taken by 
their pastor, all aroused the pa- 
triotic enthusiasm of the vast mul- 
titude, and rendered it a magazine 
of fiery passion, which needed but 
a spark to burst into an all-consum- 
ing flame. 

*'In this spirit the people await- 
ed the arrival of him whom they 
were now to hear for the last time. 
He came, and ascended the pulpit, 
his tall form arrayed in full uni- 
form, over which his gown, the 
symbol of his holy calling, was 
thrown. He was a plain, straight- 
forward speaker, whose native 
eloquence was well suited to the 
people among whom he laboured. 
At all times capable of command- 
ing the deepest attention, we may 
well conceive that upon this great 
occasion, when high, stern thoughts 
were burning for utterance, the 
people who heard him hung upon 
his fiery words with all the inten- 
sity of their souls. Of the matter 
of the sermon various accounts re- 
main. All concur, however, in at- 
tributing to it great potency in 
arousing the military ardour of 
the people, and unite in describing 
its conclusion. After recapitulat- 
ing, in words that aroused the 
coldest, the story of their suffer- 
ings and their wrongs, and telling 
them of the sacred character of the 
struggle in which he had unsheathed 
his sword, and for which he had 
left the altar he had vowed to 
ser\^e, he said, 'that, in the lang- 

uage of holy writ, there 'was a time 
for all things, a time to preacii 
and a time to pray, but these time^ 
had passed away:' in a voice that 
re-echoed through the church like 
a trumpet-blast, Hhat there was a 
time to fight, and that time had now 
come. ' 

"The sermon finished he pro 
nounced the benediction, A breath- 
less stillness brooded over tte 
congregation. Deliberately put- 
ting off the gown, which thus fa: 
had covered his martial figure, br 
stood before them a girded war 
rior ; and descending from the pul- 
pit, ordered the drums at th*^ 
church door to beat for recruits. 
Then followed a scene to whirli 
even the American revolution, rioj 
as it is in bright examples of th*^ 
patriotic devotion of the people, 
affords no parallel. His audien<^. 
excited in the highest degree h: 
the impassioned words which hsi 
fallen from his lips, flocked arouni 
him, eager to be ranked among h> 
followers. Old men were s^eii 
bringing forward their children, 
wives their husbands, and widowt-i 
mothers their sons, sending ther 
under his paternal care to fight th* 
battles of their country. It mi:-* 
have been a noble sight, f^nd tb 
cause thus supported could n * 

** Nearly three hundred mec c-' 
the frontier churches that day er 
listed under his banner; and ti- 
gown then thrown off was worn f- 
the last time. Henceforth his foo* 
steps were destine^ foi- |a dt^^ 

**This event occurred about ti- 
middle of January, 1776; ar/ 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorical Society. 


from that time until March, Col- 
onel Muhlenberg seems to have 
been busily engaged in recruiting. 
After the great impulse already 
received, it is natural to suppose 
that his success was rapid; and 
such accordingly we find to be the 
fact. It was probably the first of 
the Virginia regiments ready for 
service, its ranks being full early 
in March. By the middle of that 
month he had already reported this 
fact to the Governor, and received 
orders to proceed with his com- 
mand to Suffolk. On the 21st the 
regiment conunenced its march for 
that place.'* 

A little less than a half century 
after the death of General Muhlen- 
berg and about five years after his 
biography was written, a poem, 
based on this incident that took 
place at the church in Woodstock, 
was published by Thomas Buch- 
anan Bead. This poem, **The Ris- 
ing, *' is printed in McGuflfey's old 
Fifth Reader where most of us 
have read it, and from which I 
quote a few lines: 

"Out of the North the wild news came 
And swelled the discord of the hour. 

'The pastor rose; the prayer -was strong; 
The 'Psaim was Warrior David's son«^ 
Th^ tMct, a few short words of might — 
The Lord of hosts shall arm the right!' 

"When suddenly his mantle wide 
His hands Impatient flung aside, 
And lo! he met their wondering eyes 
Complete in all a warrior's guise. 

"The enlisting tnunipet's sudden roar 
Rang through the ehapel, o'er and o'er. 
And there the startling drum and fife 
Fired the living with flercer life. 

" 'Who dares'— this was the patriot's cry. 
As striding from the desk he came — 
'Come out with me, in Freedom's name. 
For her to live, for her to die?' 
A hundred hands flung up reply, 
A hundred Toices answered 'I!' " 

General Muhlenberg was less 
than forty years of age when he 
left Virginia and returned to Penn- 
sylvania, where he spent the last 
twenty-two years of his life in the 
upbuilding of his native state and 
the new nation. Pennsylvania has 
expressed her appreciation of his 
great works by placing a statue of 
him in Statuary Hall, Washing- 
ton, D. C. His memorial stands in 
the southeast corner of Ihe Hall 
and, although a graceful piece of 
work, the sculptor, Blanche Nevin, 
evidently was not familiar with the 
stature and physiognomy of her 
subject. Muhlenberg's biographer 
and other writers describe him as 
**tall in person" which statement 
is verified, not only by paintings 
now extant but also by tradition. 
Nevertheless the sculpter repre- 
sents Muhlenberg's height as not 
more than five feet. His face, in 
this marble statue, looks more like 
that of a poet or musician and 
not like that of a preacher and less 
like that of a soldier. One the base 
of the statue is carved the name 
** Muhlenberg;*' the pedestal is 
marked * * Pennsylvania. ' ' 

In October, 1910, the German 
Society of Pennsylvania erected a 
statue to General Muhlenberg in 
Philadelphia on the City Hall 
Plaza. It is a good likeness and a 
masterly piece of work by J. Otto 
Schweizer, of Philadelphia, one of 
the foremost sculptors in America. 
A portrait of this statue is here 
produced. Every detail of this 
grand piece of work is true to its 
subject and is based on paintings 
and descriptions still preserved. 

The relief on the face of the 


fM9lst»r o# the KMituoky Mito Historical 8ocl0y. 

pedestal of this statue i£ by the 
same artist and is probably the 
best work of that character ia the 
country. The elevations are so 
delicately balanced that the depth 
of the church with all pews and 
people comes within a thickness or 
height of only an inch and a half. 
The scene represents Muhlenberg 
in the act of finishing his farewell 
sermon. The church portrayed is 
the old one at Trappe, near Phila- 
delphia, which has been preserved 
unchanged since the middle of the 
eighteenth century and is the same 
in which General Muhlenberg and 
his father often preached. 

In the Pennsylvainia Capitol a 
large painting was recently finish- 
ed by Edwin A, Abbey, symboliz- 
ing the ** Apotheosis of Pennsyl- 
vania. '^ Among the celebrities 
who appear in this large picture is 
General Muhlenberg. 

Such, as I have here given it, is 
a glimpse of the life of the man 
after whom Muhlenberg county is 
named, and also a glimpse of the 
esteem in which he was and still is 

held. As already stated, (kmi 
Muhlenberg probably never visited 
any part of the county that now 
helps perpetuate his name, Mr 
even saw any part of the dm 
River country. Nevertheless, p^ 
neer Henry Bhoads, in 1798, very 
fittingly procured for the coimtj 
the name of the man who was i 
friend, pastor and general to vm) 
of its earliest settlers. 

This a&d other UhcideaU in the life e^ 
General Muhlen'beiigr are the sabject of ^ 
number of poems written In German by G* 
man-Americana. Among them are tbe^ 
lowing, which are ipQ2>U8hed in the r«co!t| 
of the German Society of PennsylTanU »sf 
for copies of which I am Indebted to Mr.^ 
P. Hnch, of Phlladdphla, the cnitodlo « 
the archives of that organization: "P^ 
Muhlenberg/' and 'X>eneral Peter" fcyJw 
Zentmayer, "Brohlentoei*" by T. Mom "^ 
ter Muhlenfberg" by PhUip Halmfeach. JJJ 
"The FfcpeweU Sermon" by WHHam MUM 
Mr. Hnch also informs me that Oei» 
MnhleBberg is the «iib]«ct of two diia» 
that were written in Oennan aad arc oc» 
slonally <prQdQced iby German dramatic c^ 
pantes: 'Teter M^ihlenberg, or ttbl^ii^ 
Sword,- ia five acta, by Fredaricb H. ^ 
of New York, and "Cowl and e»ori « 
General Mnhlenberg," 4>y Victor Prechl 









(By A. C. Quisenberry.) 

On June 18, 1812, the Congress 
of the United States declared war 
against Great Britain. Although 
it had been known for nearly a 
year before that date that the war 
was inevitable, yet there had been 
but very little preparation for it. 
For a long time after the war 
began it was for the most part car- 
ried on by inexperienced men, both 
in the council and the field; and 
at the end of the year 1812 the 
American army had accomplished 
practically nothing of which it 
had reason to be proud. 

At the very beginning of the war 
General William Hull had been 
given command of the Army of the 
Northwest ; and after a bluff at in- 
vading Canada, he had, within a 
few weeks, surrendered the whole 
of the army under his command, 
with headquarters at Detroit, to 
the British forces under General 
Brock, together with all of the Ter- 
ritory of Michigan. This left our 
entire northwestern frontier un- 
protected, and exposed to the at- 
tacks of the British regulars, Can- 
adian militia and Indians, com- 
manded by General Brock, with 
headquarters at Maiden, Canada, 

no great distance from Detroit. 
Hull had no Kentuckians under his 
command, but at the time of his 
surrender five regiments of Ken- 
tucky troops had been raised, some 
of them before and some im- 
mediately after the declaration of 
war, and these had just reached 
Cincinnati, on their way to join 
Hull at Detroit, when the news of 
his disgraceful surrender reached 

General William Henry Harri- 
son, *'the hero of Tippecanoe,'' 
was then placed in command of the 
Army of the Northwest, and the 
plan of his campaign was to retake 
Detroit and the whole of Michigan 
and then to invade Canada, and de- 
stroy the British army there. It 
was late in the season when he as- 
sumed command (September 24, 
1812), and conditions were such 
that it was several months before 
he could assume the aggressive 
policy upon which he had deter- 
mined. On January 1, 1813, he was 
occupying a defensive position 
among the snows of the wilderness, 
on the banks of the Maumee River, 
in Ohio, near where that river dis- 
charges into Lake Erie, just south 


Register of the Kentucky SUte Historical Society. 

of the Michigan boundary line. He 
then had under his command seven 
thousand Kentuckians, together 
with some militia from Ohio, Penn- 
sylvania and Virginia. The Ken- 
tuckians were commanded by Brig- 
adier General James Winchester, 
of the regular army, who had been 
an officer in the Revolutionary 
War, and was at that time a citi- 
zen of Tennessee. These Kentuck- 
ians composed the left wing of Har- 
rison's Army of the Northwest, 
with headquarters at Fort Win- 
chester, which was on the site of 
the present city of Defiance, Ohio, 
at the confluence of the Auglaize 
and the Maumee Rivers. On De- 
cember 25, 1812, Q-eneral Harrison's 
headquarters were at Fort Ste- 
phenson, then occupying the site 
where the city of Fremont, Ohio, 
now stands. 

On December 30, 1813, General 
Winchester left Fort Winchester, 
and set out with his troops to 
march to the Rapids of the Mau- 
mee, and he despatched Leslie 
Combs, of Clark County, Kentucky 
(then a boy eighteen years old) 
with a single guide, to convey in- 
telligence of the movement to Gen- 
eral Harrison; and young Combs 
traversed the trackless wilderness 
for at least a hundred miles, en- 
during privations which almost de- 
stroyed him, but delivering his 
message safely, and receiving the 
praise of his General. Winchester 
reached the Rapids on January 16, 
1813 ; and here messengers reached 
him from the village of French- 
town, on the River Raisin (now 
Monroe, Michigan), bearing the 
news that a body of Indians were 

on the warpath for the purpose of 
destroying the people of French- 
town and its vicinity, and urgently 
pleading for assistance. General 
Harrison, the commander-in-chief, 
was at Fort Stephenson, sixty miles 
away, and could not be consulted 
upon the matter; so a majority of 
Winchester's oflScers, in conncil 
assembled, advised an immediate 
march to Frenchtown, which was 
nearly forty miles away, and this 
he decided to do. 

On the morning of January 17, 
1813, General Winchester detailed 
Colonel William Lewis's regiment 
of 550 Kentucky militiamen, and 
Colonel John Allen, with 110 men 
from his regiment of Kentucky 
Riflemen, to march 1k> ttie relief 
of Frenchtown. Lewis's instruc- 
tions were ''to attack the enemv, 
beat them, and take possession of 
Frenchtown, and hold it." 

Frenchtown was so named be- 
cause of the fact that its inhabi- 
tants (about two hundred in num- 
ber at that timej were of French 
nationality. They were very loyal 
to the American Government, 
under which they had been living 
for years. On account of the great 
abundance of grapes which grew 
along the banks of the stream upon 
which the town was situated, they 
called that stream **La Riviere anx 
Raisins," or the River Raisin. Two 
days after the surrender of Detroit 
by General Hull, Frenchtown was 
taken possession of by Colonel El- 
liott, of the British army, and had 
had more or less of a BritiBh gar- 
rison ever since; but the inhabi- 
tants had not been given the pro- 
tection they had been promised. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


On January' 18, 1813, the village 
was garrisoned by 200 Canadian 
militia, under Major Reynolds, 
and about 400 Indians under Chiefs 
Round-Head and Walk-in-the- 
Water; and they had a howitzer in 
position. Colonel Lewis's force 
consisted, as already stated, of 660 
Kentuckians, without artillery. 

Early on the morning of Jan- 
uary 18 the Kentuckians crossed 
Maumee Bay at the Western ex- 
tremity of Lake Erie, upon the 
solidly frozen ice, and advanced 
rapidly upon Frenchtown in three 
lines; the right composed of the 
companies of Captains McCracken, 
Bledsoe and Matson, commanded by 
Colonel Allen ; the center composed 
of the companies of Captains 
Hightower, Collier and Sebree, 
under Major Madison; the left 
composed of the companies of Cap- 
tains Hatailton, Kelly and Wil- 
liams, commanded by Major Green, 
and an advance guard was thrown 
forward composed of the companies 
of Captains Hickman, Graves and 
James, led by Captain Ballard as 
acting Major. Arriving at French- 
town, these troops formed in line 
of battle on the south side of the 
river, which they crossed on the 
solidly frozen ice, in the face of a 
murderous fire of musketry, 
charged gallantly up the river bank, 
leaped the pickets, dislodged the 
enemy, and drove them back in 
disastrous defeat to the surround- 
ing forests. The Kentuckians pur- 
sued the enemy into the forest, 
where the fighting was very hot 
from 3 o'clock until dark. 

The result of this day's battle 
was a complete victory for the 

Kentuckians — who, as General 
Harrison stated in his official re- 
port, ' ' amply supported the double 
character of Kentuckians and 
Americans." Their loss in the en- 
gagement was twelve killed and 
fifty-five wounded, among the lat- 
ter being Captains Bland W. Bal- 
lard, Paschal Hickman and Rich- 
ard Matson. The enemy retreated 
precipitately to Maiden, Canada, 
eighteen miles distant, and their 
loss is not known. They left fif- 
teen dead in the open field, (while 
the hottest fighting was in the for- 
est), and carried away their wound- 

The Kentuckians returned to the 
village in the evening and encamped 
for the night on the ground 
which the enemy had occupied 
within the picketed gardens, the 
officers occupying the same build- 
ings in which the British officers 
had been quartered. That same 
night Colonel Lewis despatched a 
messenger to General Winchester, 
with a report of the victory, who 
immediately sent* an express to 
General Harrison with the news. 
Winchester's troops were in a fer- 
ment of excitement, demanding to 
be led at once to Frenchtown, the 
place of the first land victory of 
the war. It was believed by all 
that this victory was the harbinger 
of a series of successes that would 
succeed each other until Detroit 
should be regained and the enemy's 
headquarters at Maiden taken, and 
the disgrace of Hull's surrender 
thus wiped out. But it was clear 
that Colonel Lewis's position at 
Frenchtown was a precarious and 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 

dangerous one, for no one conld 
doubt that the British would at once 
put forth every possible effort to 
regain what had been lost, and to 
bar the further progress of the 
Americans toward Detroit. 

On January 19 General Winches- 
ter, accompanied by Colonel Sam- 
uel Wells, of the 17th United States 
Infantry (a regiment of ''regu- 
lars" which had been recruited en- 
tirely in Kentucky), and about 
three hundred men, marched from 
his position on the Maumee, and ar- 
rived at Frenchtown in the after- 
noon of the next day. Here he 
crossed the Kiver Raisin, and en- 
camped the troops in an open field 
on the right of Colonel Lewis's 
forces. He disregarded Lewis's 
advice that the troops be encamped 
within the picketed enclosure, on 
the ground that these were ''regu- 
lars," and therefore entitled to the 
post of honor on the right of the 
position. General Winchester then 
recrossed the river, and established 
his headquarters at a house more 
than a mile and a half from the 
American lines. Colonel Wells 
was left in command of the rein- 
forcements, which consisted of 
three companies of the 17th and 
one company of the 19th Infantry; 
and next day he was permitted to 
return to the camp on the Maumee 
on personal business. 

Colonel Henry Proctor, the Com- 
mander of the British forces in that 
section, was at Maiden, Canada, 
when the British and Indians who 
were diefeatod at Frenchtown on 
January 18 fell back to that place; 
and he made immediate prepara- 
tions to retrieve the disaster. He 

assembled a force of about five hun- 
dred British regulars and Cana- 
dian militia with six pieces of artil- 
lery, and six hundred Indians under 
Round-Head and Walk-in-the- 
Water. . With these he advanced 
to within twelve miles of French- 
town on January 21, and that night 
marched to the immediate vicinity 
of the town. Owing to General 
Winchester's lack of vigilance, 
Proctor's troops and artilVry 
were ready for the assault the next 
morning before their presence was 
known to the Americans. 

Late in the afternoon of the 21>t, 
rumors reached General Wincbev 
ter that the British and Indians 
were approaching from Maiden ir. 
great numbers, but it seems tlmt be 
gave no credence to the news. H^ 
did not exercise much vigilance: 
and, although the camp sentine!^ 
were well posted, the roads lead 
ing into the to^n were left im 
picketed, owing to the bitteny 
cold weather. 

Between 5 and 6 o 'clock the ih "^^ 
morning (January 22, 1813), wliil^ 
it was still dark, and just as the 
reveille was beaten, a furious a- 
sault was made upon the camp hy 
an unknown force of British troop' 
and yelling savages, who showem^ 
bombshells and canister UP'^^ 
the startled Americans. Wi'l^ 
regulars in the open field ^*^^r^ 
driven in toward Lewis's piekot- 
camp. General Winchester arriv* 
in great haste upon the field, ai ' 
vainlv endeavored to rally the «h' 
moralized regular troops. \^"' 
upon being flanked by a lar<re ho<lv 
of Indians, fled in confusion aoro- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


the river, carrying with theiQ cue 
hundred men of Lewis's regiment 
who had been sent to their support. 
Colonels Lewis and Allen joined 
General Winchester in the attempt 
to rally the men behind the houses 
and fences on the south side of the 
Eiver Baisin, leaving the camp in 
the picketed gardens on the north 
side of the river in charge of 
Majors Graves and Madison. But 
all efforts to stop the flight of the 
troops on the south side of the 
river were in vain. The Indians had 
gained their flank, and swarmed in 
the woods along their line of re- 
treat to the Maumee, and shot down 
and scalped the Americans by 
scores, so that but few escaped. 
Within the space of one hundred 
yards, near Mill Creek, nearly one 
hundred Kentuckians were killed 
and scalped. Even surrender did 
not always save the fugitives from 
assassination. No rule of civilized 
warfare was observed. Blood and 
scalps were the chief objects for 
which the Indians fought, and they 
were not disposed to take any pris- 
oners. Scalps had a market value 
in Maiden, where British agents 
paid a stipulated price for every 
** scalp-lock " that was brought to 

Colonel John Allen had been 
wounded in the thigh in the attempt 
to rally the troops. He had followed 
the men for two miles, pleading 
with them to rally and make an- 
other stand; and then, abandoning 
all hope, he wa^ compelled by sheer 
exhaustion, while attempting to re- 
turn to the camp, to sit down upon 
a log. Here he was found by an 
Indian chief, who, perceiving his 

rank, promised him his protection 
if he would surrender without re- 
sistance, and he did so. About the 
same moment two other Indians ap- 
proached, evidently with murder- 
ous intent, when, with a single 
blow of his sword, Allen laid 
one of them dead upon the ground. 
His companion instantly shot the 
Colonel dead. * ' He had the honor, * * 
says Mac Af ee, * ' of 'shooting one of 
the first and greatest citizens of 

General Winchester and Colonel 
Lewis were made prisoners by the 
Indian Chief Eound-Head, who 
stripped them of their clothing ex- 
cept shirts, trousers and T)oots. 
They were taken before the British 
commander. Colonel Proctor, who 
had great difficulty in restraining 
Round-Head from murdering them 
and in persuading him to give back 
to them the militarv suits he had 
stripped from them. 

While the American troops under 
Winchester and Lewis, south of the 
River Raisin, were suffering de- 
struction, those under Graves and 
Madison were nobly defending 
themselves in the picketed camp 
north of the river. Although fierce- 
ly assailed with artillery as well 
as with musketry, they repulsed 
every attack, and had not the re- 
motest intention of surrendering 
their position. The formidable Brit- 
ish battery was soon silenced by 
the Kentucky sharpshooters be- 
hind the pickets, who killed the 
horse and the driver of the sleigh 
that brought the ammunition for 
the guns, and then picked off thir- 
teen of the sixteen artillerymen 
who were serving the battery. At 


Regittar of the Kentucky State HIetoricai Society. 

10 o'clock in the morning Proctor 
withdrew his forces to the woods, 
and the Kentuckians within the 
picketed inclosure quietly break- 
fasted. While they were breakfast- 
ing, a white flag approached from 
the British lines, which Major 
Madison supposed to be coming to 
ask for a truce for the burial of the 
dead. But the flag was borne by 
Major Samuel R. Overton, of Gen- 
eral Winchester's staflf, then a 
prisoner, who was accompanied by 
Colonel Proctor. The British com- 
mander had taken advantage of 
General Winchester's being his 
prisoner to extort from him an 
order to Major Madison to sur- 
render at once. Proctor had assur- 
ed Winchester that as soon as the 
Indians returned from the pursuit 
and massacre of that portion of his 
troops that had fled, they would 
easily capture the command of 
Madison, and that then '* nothing 
would save the Americans from an 
indiscriminate massacre by the In- 
dians." He carefully concealed 
from Winchester the fact that Mad- 
ison had defeated the British and 
Indians, and had driven them baxik 
in confusion to the shelter of the 
woods. Being ignorant of this fact, 
and horrified by the butcheries he 
had just witnessed. General Win- 
chester yielded, and sent Major 
Overton to Madison with orders to 

Although this order came in writ- 
ing from his commanding General, 
]\radison refused to obey it except 
upon the condition tliat the safety 
and protection of all prisoners 
from violence bv tlio Indians should 
be stipulated. Proctor stamped his 

foot, and said in an insulting tone: 
*'Sir, do you mean to dictate to 
tne" Madison replied: **I mean to 
dictate for myself. We prefer sell- 
ing our lives as dearly as possible, 
rather than be massacred in cold 
blood." A surrender was finally 
arranged on the terms that all pri- 
vate property should be respected; 
that sleds should be sent the next 
morning to remove the sick and 
wounded to Amherstburg, Canada; 
that the disabled should be pro- 
tected by a proper guard ; and that 
the side-arms of the oflScers should 
be returned to them when they 
should reach Maiden. Proctor 
pledged his honor as a soldier and 
a gentleman to observe these con- 
ditions, but refused to commit 
them to writing. He never had any 
intention of keeping the terms. 

The surrender was not fairly 
completed before the Indians berai 
to plunder, but Major Madison pnt 
a stop to that by ordering his men 
to resist it, even with ball and bay- 
onet, as they had not yet surren- 
dered their arms. Such of the ofn- 
cers and men as were unwounded. 
and all the wounded who were al 1<' 
to march, were sent off at once to 
Maiden, and none of them were m«'- 
lested on the way. Alas, how differ- 
ent the fate of the poor wound^^l 
and sick Americans who were lef: 
at Frenchtownl They had bee'j 
promised that conveyances wouVi 
be sent to carry them to Maiden the 
next dav. But rumors had reached 
Proctor that General Harrison wa^ 
rapidly advancing upon Froncii- 
town at the head of an Amerit^ar. 
armv, so, in order to assure hi^ 
own safety, the British eomnuuM- 

Register of the Kentucky State Hietorlcal Society. 


er left at once witli all his white 
troops, leaving the wounded Ameri- 
cans without the promised guard, 
and exposed to all the atrocities 
which the Indians might choose to 
perpetrate; and he refused to send 
the conveyances to remove them to 
safety. It was evident from the first 
that he intended to abandon them 
to their fate; and that he also in- 
tended to accelerate that fate seems 
assured from. the. fact that on that 
night he gave his Indiap allies a 
*^ frolic^' at Stony Creek, six miles 
from Frenchtown, on the road to 
Maiden, wh^re they were furnished 
plenty of liquor to get drunk on, 
and it was certain that they would 
return to Frenchtown to glut their 
appetite for blood and plunder. 

The wounded were taken into 
the houses of the sympathizing 
villagers and cared for by Doctors 
Todd and Bowers, of Lewis's regi- 
ment, who had been left behind for 
that purpose. On the morning after 
the battle, instead of the promised 
sleds from Maiden, some two hun- 
dred half-drunken Indians, their 
faces painted red and black in 
token of their hellish purposes, 
came whooping and yelling into 
Frenchtown. They held a short 
council and decided to kill and 
scalp all the wounded who were un- 
able to travel; and they then pro- 
ceeded at once to carry their fero- 
cious purposes into execution. They 
first plundered the village; then 
broke into the houses where the 
wounded lay, stripped them of 
everything and tomahawked and 
scalped them. Two houses contain- 
ing a large number of wounded men 
were set on fire, and the men were 

burned alive. Those who attempted 
to escape through the doors and 
windows were tomahawked and 
scalped. Others, outside the build- 
ing, were scalped alive and thrown 
into the flames. 

Those of the prisoners who could 
walk were marched off toward 
Maiden, and when any of them sank 
from exhaustion they were killed 
and scalped. Major Graves who had 
been wounded in battle the day be- 
fore, was never heard of after- 
wards. Captain Hickman was mur- 
dered in one of the houses. Major 
Woolfolk, wounded, gave out in 
the march, and was murdered. Cap- 
tain Nathaniel G. T. Hart, of Lex- 
ington, conunander of the historic 
old Lexington Light Intantry com- 
pany, and Inspector General of 
Harrison's Army, was removed 
from a burning house, ^^s he was 
able to travel, although wounded. 
He paid a friendly Pottawattomie 
chief one hundred dollars to con- 
vey him in safety to Maiden. The 
Indian placed Captain Hart upon 
a horse, and started, but while still 
in Frenchtown a Wyandot Indian 
claimed the prisoner as his own. A 
dispute between the two Indians 
arose over the matter, and they 
compromised by agreeing to kill 
Captain Hart and divide his money 
and clothing between them. There 
is also a local tradition that the 
Pottawattomie attempted to defend 
the prisoner, when the Wyandot 
shot and scalped him. There are 
many other versions of the tragedy 
one of which is that Captain Hart 's 
head was cut oflf and used by the 
Indians to play football with. Cap- 
tain Hart was buried near the place 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

of his mnrder, but the exact spot 
is not known. Captain Elliott, of 
the British army, was a personal 
friend of Captain Hart's. He (El- 
liott) had been in Lexington be- 
fore the war, where he was very ill 
of fever for a long time in the house 
of Colonel Thomas Hart, the father 
of Captain Hart. During that ill- 
ness he had received many atten- 
tions from the young gentleman 
whom he now basely deserted in 
his hour of greatest need. He had 
sacredly promised Captain Hart 
to send a sled to carry him to Mai- 
den; but when reminded of that 
promise coolly said: ''Charity be- 
gins at home; my own wounded 
must be carried to Maiden first. ^' 
When asked for the aid of a sur- 
geon for the American wounded, 
he said, ' ' The Indians are most ex- 
cellent surgeons." 

A few days after the massacre 
at the River Baisin Proctor ordered 
all the inhabitants of the town 
to leave their homes and to move 
to Detroit. They did so, and for 
some time afterwards Frenchtown 
was a scene of desolation. The dead 
bodies of the Americans were left 
lying where they fell, but some of 
them were buried a month or two 
later by the men of Colonel Rich- 
ard M. Johnson's Regiment of 
Kentucky Cavalry, who passed hur- 
riedlv over the battlefield on a 
march to another point. But the re- 
mains of the most of the massacred 
Americans remained unburied 
until October 15, 1813, when the 
victorious Kentuckians, re!tuming 
from the annihilation of Proctor's 
army at the battle of the Thames, 
in Canada (October 5, 1813), went 

purposely to Frenchtown to bury 
the remains. They interred with 
military honors sixty-five skeletons 
(all they could find) of those heroes 
who had given their lives for 
their country, and whose bones had 
been bleaching in the wilderness, 
unsepulchered for nine months. The 
remains of those heroes were taken 
up on July 4, 1818, and reinterred 
in the cemetery of Monroe, Mich- 
igan, the town which stands on the 
site of the battle. In August of the 
same year they were again taken 
up and removed to Detroit, Mich- 
igan, and interred in ttee Protest- 
ant cemetery there. In 1834 they 
were again taken up and removed 
to the Clinton Street Cemetery, in 
Detroit; and in September of the 
same year (1834) they were once 
more, and for the last time exhumed 
and placed in boxes marked 
''Kentucky's Gallant Dead, Jan- 
uary 18, 1813, River Raisin, Mich- 
igan," and at last and forever 
placed at rest in the State Ceme- 
tery, in Frankfort, Kentucky. 

On February 25, 1871 while some 
excavations were being made is 
Monroe, Michigan, thirty human 
skulls and numerous human bone? 
were exhumed — the remains of 
brave Kentuckians who were mas- 
sacred there. These were probably 
the remains of the men who had 
been buried by Johnson ^s Kes;!- 
ment, within a month or two after 
the battle. They too should sleep 
in the State Cemetery at Frank- 
fort, beneath the shadow of the 
Battle Monument, upon **Fame'> 
Eternal Camping Ground. '^ 

Proctor reached Amherstbiir?. 
Canada, with his prisoners on Jan- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


uary 23, 1813, and on the 26th 
proceeded to Sandwich and De- 
troit. Some of the prisoners were 
sent to Detroit, and others to Fort 
George, on the Niagara Eiver, by- 
way of the Thames. The latter suf- 
fered much from tlie severity of 
the weather and the bad treatment 
received from their guards. At 
Fort George they were mostly 
paroled on condition that they 
would not **bear arms against His 
Majesty or his allies during the 
war, or until exchanged." General 
Winchester, Colonel Lewis and 
Major Madison were sent to Que- 
bec, and were confined at Beauport, 
near that city, until the spring of 
1814, when they were released by 
a general exchange of prisoners 
which took place at that time. 

Except one company of the 19th 
Infantry (** Regulars"), all of the 
troops who took part in the vic- 
tory at Frenchtown on January 
18, and in the defeat at the same 
place on January 22, 1813, were 
Kentuckians ; and, altogether, there 
were nearly a thousand of them. 
Their losses in the defeat of Jan- 
uary 22 were 290 killed and miss- 
ing, and 644 made prisoners. Out 
of the whole army only thirty-three 
men escaped death or capture. 
Proctor reported his losses as 24 
killed and 158 wounded ; the loss of 
his Indian allies has never been 
known. He was made a Brigadier 
General on account of his victory 
at the River Raisin. 

The tragedy of the River feaisin 
touched nearly every home in Ken- 
tucky; and the whole State was in 
mourning, for the efflorescence of 
its young manhood had been 

stricken down upon that fatal field. 
It was a terrible blow, which was 
long remembered. The first shock 
of horror and grief was deadening; 
but this was quickly followed by a 
feeling of intense exasperation; 
and from that time on the battle- 
cry of the Kentucky soldiers was 
''Remember the River Raisin 1^* 
Nine months later (October 5, 
1813), at the battle of the Thames, 
in Canada, they rushed impetuous- 
ly into the conflict shouting ''Re- 
member the River Raisin!" and 
within an hour had destroyed Proc- 
tor's entire army; though he him- 
self escaped by craven flight. He re- 
ceived his just deserts in the form 
of the censure of his superiors, the 
severe rebuke of his sovereign, and 
the scorn of all honorable men. He 
was courtmartialed on account of 
his flight at the very beginning of 
the battle of the Thames, and was 
sentenced to be publicly repri- 
manded and suspended from rank 
and pay for six months; and the 
sentence was read at the head ot 
every regiment in the British army. 
His Indian ally, Tecumseh, had 
told him to his face that he was a 

Among the heroes and martyrs 
of the River Raisin, sublimely 
glorious even in disaster, whom 
Kentucky has always been proud to 
honor, were the following: 

Colonel John Allen, commander 
of the First Kentucky Rifle Regi- 
ment. Allen County, Kentucky, 
formed in 1815, was named in his 
honor. Allen County, Ohio, and Al- 
len County, Indiana, were also 
named in his honor. 


Register ef the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Captain Bland W, Ballard, of 
Allen *s Eifle Regiment. Ballard 
County, Kentucky, formed in 1842, 
was named in his honor. 

Captain John Edmonson, of Al- 
len's Bifle Begiment. Edmondson 
County, formed in 1825, was named 
in his honor. 

Major Benjamin Graves, of 
Lewis's Regiment of Kentucky 
Volunteers. Graves County, Ken- 
tucky, formed in 1823, was named 
in his honor. 

Captain Nathaniel G. T. Hart, of 
Lewis's Regiment. Hart County, 
Kentucky, formed in 1819, was 
named in his honor. 

Captain Paschal Hickman, of 
Allen's Rifle Regiment. Hickman 
County, Kentucky, formed in 1821, 
was named in his honor. 

Captain Virgil McCracken, of 
Allen's Rifle Regiment. McCracken 
County, Kentucky, formed in 1824, 
was named in his honor. 

Captain Alney McLean, of the 
17th United States Infantry. Mc- 
Lean County, Kentucky, formed in 
1854, was named in his honor. 

Major George Madison, of Al- 
len's Rifle Regiment, was elected 
Governor of Kentucky in 1816, 
without ^opposition. There was al- 
ready a county in Kentucky named 
Madison, in honor of President 

Captain James Meade, of the 
17th United States Infantry. Meade 
County, Kentucky, formed in 1823, 
was named in his honor. 

Captain John Simpson, of Al- 
len's Rifle Regiment. ' Simpson 
County, Kentucky'', formed in 1819, 
was named ni his honor. He was a 
member of Congress at the time of 

his death; and so was serving his 
country both in the field and the 

All of the above-named oflScers 
except Major Madison and Captain 
McLean were either killed in bat- 
tle at the River Raisin, or were as- 
sassinated by Indians after they 
had surrendered as prisoners of 

Colonel John Allen. 

Colonel John Allen, the most dis- 
tinguished of the Kentuckians who 
fell at the River Raisin, was in- 
nately one of the greatest men who 
ever lived in the United States. Al- 
though only thirty-one years of age 
at the time of his tragic but heroic 
death, he had already attained the 
front rank of eminence in Ken- 
tucky, and that, too, at a time when 
the stalwart young Commonwealth 
was full to overflowing with bril- 
liant and talented men, who then 
gave her a name which still clings 
to her in tradition. As a lawyer lie 
had outstripped all competition, 
and in the Legislature, as well as 
at the bar, he was brought into for- 
ensic collision with Henry Chiy. 
Joseph Hamilton Daviess, Felix 
Grundy, John Rowan, Jesse Bled- 
soe, Isham Talbott, John Boyle, 
Humphrey Marshall the elder, John 
Breckinridge, John Brown, John 
Pope, and the Hardins — any one of 
whom would have been recognizee 
as a great man in any age and in 
any country. Among these able and 
brilliant men John Allen had hnt 
two rivals, Henry Clay and Josepl: 
Hamilton Daviess. In the judgment 
of all who knew him, and were capa- 

,t r f .■•. 

I -., 



' . I 



, * 

1 , ^ 



( t • o. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


ble of judging, had he lived his 
reputation and fame would not 
have been dimmed even by those of 
Henry Clay. In 1808, at the age of 
twenty-seven years, he became a 
candidate for Q-overnor of Ken- 
tucky against the veteran soldier. 
General Charles Scott, whose dis- 
tinguished military record extend- 
ed from Braddock 's defeat, in 1755, 
all through the Eevolutionary War, 
and down to Wayne's victory at 
the Fallen Timbers, Ohio, in 1794. 
At that time a man without a mili- 
tary record had small chance for 
election to any oflSce in Kentucky, 
against a competitor who had. such 
a record; and so John Allen was 
defeated by a small majority. 

^^When the War of 1812 com- 
menced, all the surroundings of 
John Allen prompted him to yield 
to a spirit of patriotic elation 
which impelled him to the front. It 
was not for such as he to remain in 
inglorious safety in peaceful Ken- 
tucky while calls for help were 
borne on every breeze that swept 
from Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.'' 
The first regiment raised in the 
State for that war, the First Ken- 
tucky Rifle Eegiment, was recruit- 
ed before the war was declared, and 
John Allen was commissioned as its 
Colonel on June 5, 1812, or about 
two weeks before the declaration 
of war by Congress. **The hard- 
ships of the memorable campaign 
in the dead of the ensuing winter 
are pictured in his private letters 
to his wife. Those letters tell of the 
departure and results of the expedi- 
tion against Mississinewa. Fre- 
quent mention is made in them of 
* Little Bland' Ballard, son of the 

old Indian fighter of the same 
name ; and of the gallant Simpson, 
whom he had induced to study law, 
and in whose early distinction in 
that profession he had a pardon- 
able pride. They give details con- 
cerning Q-eorge Madison, the sec- 
ond Major of the command, after- 
wards Governor ; of Martin D. Har- 
din, the first Major, who had mar- 
ried his wife's sister; and of her 
young brothers. Dr. Ben and Eob- 
ert Logan. One of the letters in- 
forms Mrs. Allen of the death of 
Lawba, an Indian son of Chief 
Moluntha, who had been adopted i 
and reared by Mrs. Allen 's father, f 
General Benjamin Logan, and who 
ever afterwards called himself 
^Captain Logan.' In a letter writ- 
ten on January 21, 1813, the night 
before his death, he said: *We meet 
the enemy tomorrow. I trust that 
we will render a good account of 
ourselves, or that I will never live 
to tell the tale of our disgrace. ' ' ' 
He was not disappointed in the 
fate he craved in case of defeat. 
The manner of his death, after 
surrender, has already been relat- 
ed in this article. His body was 
never recovered, so far as is posi- 
tively known; but it is probable 
that his remains were among those 
gathered up on October 15, 1813, 
and buried by the Kentuck}^ troops 
on their way home from the vic- 
tory at the battle of the Thames. If 
this is true (and let us hope that it 
is) the ashes of the brilliant and 
heroic Colonel John Allen now 
sleep the sleep that knows no wak- 
ing in the beautiful State Cemetery 
at Frankfort. 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 

The only portrait of Colonel Al- 
len known to be in existence was 
the one in the possession of Judge 
William M. Dickson, of Avondale, 
Ohio, who married one of his 
granddaughters. This portrait was 
painted by Matthew H. Jouett, and 
a reproduction of it is published in 
connection with this article. 


Collated by A. C. Quisenberry, 
From Official Records. 

In the Battle of Buena Vista. 

Second Kentucky Infantry — Colo- 
nel William R. McKee. 

Colonel William E. McKee, killed. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Clay, 
Jr., killed. 

Captain W. T. Willis, killed. 

Private W. T. Smith, Company A, 

Private A. M. Chadowen, Com- 
pany A, killed. 

Sergeant H. Wolfe, Company B, 

Private M. Updike, Company B, 

Private W. Blackwell, Company 
B, killed. 

Private L. B. Bartlett, Company 

B, killed. 

Corporal S. M. Williams, Company 

C, killed. 

Private R. M. Baker, Companv C, 

Private M. Barth, Company C. 

Private W. Banks, Companv C. 

Private J. Moffitt, Company C, 

Corporal P. Shrough, Company D, 

Private J. Walden, Companv D. 

Private H. Jones, Companv R 

Private Wm. Harmon, Company 

D, killed. 

Corporal J. Q. Carlin, Companv E, 

Musician M. Randlebaugh , Com 

pany E, killed. 
Private H. Frazier, Companv E. 

Private J. H. Harkins, Company 

E, kUled. 

Private K. McCurdy, Companv R 

Private H. Snow, Companv E, 

Private H. Trotter, Company F. 


Private J. H. Gregory, Company 
a, killed. 

Private J. R. Ballard, Company 
G, killed. 

Private W. Vest, Company G- 

Private J. J. Waller, Company G. 


Sergeant J. King, Company H. 

Ragitter of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 


Sergeant J. M. Dunlap, Company 
H, killed. 

Private W. Gilbert, Company H, 

Private W. Rham, Company H, 

Private J. Williams, Company H, 

Corporal H. Edwards, Company I, 

Private J. J. Thoro, Company I, 

Private A. Groodpaster, Company 

I, killed. 

Private J. Layton, Company K, 

Private W. Bard, Company K, 

Private J. Johnson, Company K, 

Private D. Davis, Company K, 

Private A. Thacker, Company K, 

Private W. P. Reynolds, Company 

K, killed. 
Private J. W. Watson, Company 

K, killed. 
2nd Lieutenant E. L. Barber, 

slightly wounded. 
2nd Lieutenant Thos. W. Napier, 

severely wounded. 
Sergeant J. Minton, Company A, 

slightly wounded. 
Private E. Morris, Company A, 

slightly wounded. 
Private S. Wallace, Company A, 

slightly wounded. 
Private H. Winlock, Company A, 

slightly wounded. 
Private J. Burnett, Company A, 

slightly wounded. 
Coporal S. Mayhall, Company B, 

mortally wounded. 

Private B. 0. Branham, Company 
B, severely wounded. 

Private A. Brea, Company B, sev- 
erely wounded. 

Private J. Williams, Company B, 
slightly wounded. 

Private W. S. Bartlett, Company 

B, slightly wounded. 

Private E. Burton, Company C, 
slightly wounded. 

Acting 2nd Lieutenant W. S. With- 
ers, Company C, severely wound- 

Sefrgeant J. Wlheatley, Company 
Q, slightly wounded. 

Corporal C. C. Smedley, Company 

C, slightly wounded. 

Private J. Caliill, Company C, 

slightly wounded. 
Private J. Craw^ford, Company C, 

slightly wounded. 
Private M. Davidson, Company C, 

slightly wounded. 
Private W. Hendron, Company C, 

mortally wounded. 
Private H. Burdett, Company D, 

mortally wounded. 
Private P. Hamilton, Company D, 

severely wounded. 
Corporal J. Craig, Company D, 

slightly wounded. 
Private H. Vanfleet, Company D, 

severely wounded. 
Private A. S. Montgomery, Com- 
pany D, severely wounded. 
Corporal J. Jemison, Company E, 

severelv wounded. 
Private T. Welch, Company E, 

severely wounded. 
Private J. S. Vandiver, Company 

E, severely wounded. 
Private J. Honk, Company E, 

slightly wounded. 
Private W. Park, Company E, 

slightly wounded. 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 

Private D. Walker, Company E, 
slightly wounded. 

Private J. Yelton, Company E, 
slightly wounded. 

Private J. Hunter, Company F, 
severely wounded. 

Private T. J. Brenner, Company 
F, slightly wounded. 

Private W. Stringer, Company Q, 
severely wounded. , 

Private T. Hughes, Company Q, 
severely wounded. 

Private M. A. Davenport, Com- 
pany Gr, slightly wounded. 

Sergeant J. Ward, Company H, 

mortally wounded. 
Private F. Oak, Company H, 

mortally wounded. 
Corporal F. Fox, Company H, 

slightly wounded. 
Corporal H. Craig, Company H, 

slightly wounded. 
Private William Daly, Company 

H, slightly wounded. 
Private R. Holder, Company H, 

slightly wounded. 
Private J. Willington, Company H, 

slightly wounded. 
Private Q. Simmons, Company H, 

slightly wounded. 
Private E. S. Cahill, Company I, 

mortally wounded. 
Private J. Redmon, Company I, 

slightly wounded. 
Private Ed McCuUar, Company I, 

slightly wounded. 
Private William Blunt, Company I, 

slightly wounded. 
Sergeant W. Lillard, Company K, 

severely wounded. 
Private W. Warford, Company K, 

mortally wounded. 
Private B. Perry, Company K, 

severely wounded. 

Private G. Searey, Company K, 

slightly wounded. 
Private W. Howard, Company K, 

slightly wounded. 
Private J. Montgomery, Comt>aDT 

K, slightly wounded. 
Private Gr. W. Reed, Company K, 

slightly wounded. 
Note. — The companies of this 
regiment were from the following 
counties : 

Company A, from Green County. 

Company B, from Franklin 

Company C, from Mercer Comity 

Company D, from Boyle County. 

Company E, from Kenton 

Company F, from Jessamine 

Company G, from Lincoln 

Company H, from Kenton 

Company I, from Montgomery 

Company K, from Anderson 

First Kentucky Cavalry — Colonel 
Humphrey Marshall. 

Adjutant E. M. Vaughan, killed. 
Private J. C. Miller, Company A, 

Private B. Warren, Company A, 

Private David Lillard, Company B, 

Private A. J. Martin, Company 

B, killed. 
Private Patrick Quigley, Company 

B, killed. 
Private Lewis Sanders, Company 

B, killed. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Private J. EUingw^ood, Company 
C, killed. 

Private John Sanders, Company 
C, killed. 

Private James Seaton, Company 

C, killed. 

Private J. A. Jones, Company D, 

Private W. A. McClintock, Com- 
pany D, killed. 

Private D. P. Eogers, Company 

D, killed. 

Private C. B. Thompson, Companv 

E, killed. 

Private C. B. Dement, Company 

F, killed. 

Private E. F. Lilly, Company G, 

Private H. Danforth, Company G, 

Private J. Martin, Company G, 

Private E. Rontson, Company G, 

killed. • 

Private J. M. Rowlin, Company 

G, killed. 

Private John Bk>ss, Company G> 

Private T. B. Wigart, Company I, 

Private Henry Carty, Company K, 

Private Clement Jones, Company 

K, killed. 
Private A. J. Morgan, Company 

K, killed. 
Private N. Raimy, Company K, 

Private William Thwaits, Com- 
pany K, killed. 
Captain John Shawhan, wounded. 
2nd Lieutenant J. M. Brown, 

2nd, Lieutenant John Merryfield, 


Private Thomas Coun, Company 
A, slightly wounded. 

Private John H. Clark, Company 
A, slightly wounded. 

Private Samuel G. Evans, Com- 
pany A, slightly wounded. 

Private William Hemdon, Com- 
pany A, slightly wounded. 

Private Joseph Murphy, Company 

A, severely wounded. 

Private Joseph Murphy, Com- 
pany B, wounded. 

Private E. W. Resor, Company B, 

Private Thomas Scandriff, Com- 
pany B, wounded. 

Private Bamett Spencer, Company 

B, wounded. 

Private John Walker, Company B, 

Private J. K. Gt)odloe, Company C, 

Private B. 0. Pearce, Company C, 

Private John Reddish, Company 

C, wounded. 

Private J. S. Byram, Company D, 

Private C. H. Fowler, Company D, 

Private W. C. Parker, Company D, 

Private J. M. VanHook, Company 

D, wounded. 

Private James Warford, Company 

D, wounded. 

Private George H. Wilson, Com- 
pany D, wounded. 

Private S. Maratta, Company E, 

Private James Pomeroy, Company 

E, wounded. 

Private H. E. Brady, Company F, 


Register of the Kentucky State HIetoricat Society. 

Private Thomas Brown, Company 
G, wounded. 

Private L. Help, Company G, 

Private S. Jackson, Company G, 

Private James Sehooley, Company 
I, wounded. 

Private M. B. Callahan, Company 
K, wounded. 

Private James Levasey, Company 
K, wounded. 

Private Charles Shepperd, Com- 
pany K, wounded. 

Private Isaac Shepperd, Company 
K, wounded. 

Note. — The companies of this 
regiment were from the following 
counties : 

Company A, from Jefferson 

Company B, from Jefferson 

Company C, from Fayette 

Company D, from Woodford 

Company E, from Hadison 

Company F, from Garrard 

Company G, from Fayette 

Company H, from Gallatin 

Company I, froin Harrison 

Company K, from Franklin 

Company H, being on detached 
duty, did not take part in the battle 
of Buena Vista. 

In the Battle of Cebbo Gobdo. 

Captain John S. WUliams' Mt- 
pendent Company. 

2nd Lieutenant George T. Suther- 
land, severely wounded. 

Sergeant E. T. Mockabee, mortally 

Private Henry Brower, mortally 

Private James Chisholm, slightly 

Private N. W. Keith, severely 

Private Joseph J. Langston, 

severely wounded. 
Private Willis F. Martin, sligtlily 

Private James Muir, slightly 

Private Minor T. Smith, severely 

• wounded. 
Private Ira T. Storm, severely 

Private Henry Williams, severely 


(Note.— This company ^^^ 
from Clark County.) 

The following is dn pflScial Hf- 
of casualties to Kentucky troops m 
the battle of Cerro Gordo, but tk 
regiment is not named: 


Carson, Compary 

A, severely wounded. 
Private Aaron Capps, Company A. 

slightly wounded. 
Private Aaron Dockery, Compaq ; 

A, severely w^ounded. 
Private Henry Mowry, Company 

A, severely wounded. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Private Peter Wheeler, Company 

A, slightly wounded: 
Private S. Q-. Williams, Company 

A, slightly wounded. 

Private B. F. Bibb, Company B, 

slightly wounded. 
Private Morris Brewer, Company 

B, slightly wounded. 

Private Jerry Kent, Company B, 

mortally wounded. 
Sergeant T. E. Bradley, Company 

C, slightly wounded. 
Sergeant E. H. McAdoo, Compai;iy 

C, slightly wounded. 

Private William Bennett, Com- 
pany C, severely wounded. 

Private Samuel Davis, Company 

C, severely wounded. 

Private J. N. Grraham, Company C, 

severely wounded. 
Private L. L. Jones, Company C, 

severely wounded. 
Private Ben O'Harre, Company D, 

severely wounded. 
Private Josiah Prescott, Company 

D, severely wounded. 
Private C. A. Boss, Company D, 

severely wounded. 
Private A. Gregory, Company E, 

slightly wounded. 
Private John Gregory, Company E, 

slightly wounded. 

Private John P. Isler, Company E, 

slightly wounded. 
Private B. Plunkett, Company E, 

severely wounded. 
Private E. G. Eoberson, Company 

E, severely wounded. 
Sergeant John Court, Company P, 

severely wounded. 

Sergeant George A. Smith, Com- 
pany F, severely wounded. 

Private John Burnes, Company F, 
severely wounded. 

Private Jason Cloud, Company F, 
slightly wounded. 

Private E. Johnson, Company P, 
severely wounded. 

Private Nathan Moore, Company 

F, slightly wounded. 

Private L. W. Eussell, Company F, 
severely wounded. 

Private Alonzo White, Company F, 
severely wounded. 

Private J. Whittington, Company 
F, severely wounded. 

Private James M. Allison, Com- 
pany G, severely wounded. 

Private John L. Dearman, Com- 
pany H, slightly wounded. 

Private James Wood, Company H, 
severely wounded. 

H, R.— 3 






Have I no regrets? Ah, my life Is full 

Of sore regrets, for things I could not do, 
And that I would have done, hut could not 
The weight I had to carry then and hear 
me thru; 
A pathway drear, not chosen of my will. 
But one carved for me, hard and rough 
and chill. 
God rebuked my fine, hlgh-thoughted way, 

And led me in an humbler harder one, 
My spirit chafed and sickened day by day. 
Thus many tasks were left for Him — 

It hurt my soul that God should treat me 
Yet when I thought of Christ, our pre- 
cious Lord, 
My courage came like sudden overflow, 
« Then I rushed on with broken song and 

(For His sake. I kept the path and gleaned 
Where others feared the weeds and 
stalk, I went 
To have and hold, the few sheaves that I 

So such days, such dreary days were 

Sorrows came. Tears like a swollen river 

My hopes away, yet I toiled and prayed, 

the while I wept. 

Regret, that I could never be in life to 
I loved the best, all that I might have 
But for the bar across my way none could 
And tho' indignant, I kept the stinging 
pain within. 
At last I ceased to care if days were dark 
or bright, 
•So I had strength to live the ideal of my 
When lo! one day to my undreamed^ un- 
known delignt, 
God placed His blessing on the work I 
And on my life, and in my hand was laid 
The rich inheritance of toil and prayer 
long delayed. 






While the newspapers are regaling the world with 
accounts of the ignorance in Kentucky, the world 
pays no attention to this latter day clap-trap about 
education and the call for **more money and more 
books/ ^ The world thinks of Kentucky as Mr. Baber 
writes of her in the past, and as she really is to- 
day among the well-bom intelligent people. She is as 
highly educated as any people need be, as refined and cul- 
tured as any people in America. We have lazaroni, as 
Italy has, we have good-for-nothing, idle, ignorant peo- 
ple as England has. But those countries do not point to 
such cumberers of the ground as their representatives, 
and parade such ignorance, with a call upon the treasury 
of the country for *'more money and more books '* to 
throw away upon them. — (Ed. Eegister.) 



By Greorge Baber. 

The history of Kentucky, illus- 
trating the development of an 
American Commonwtealth, is re- 
plete with distinguished examples 
of heroism, of patriotism and of 
statesmanship. The events that 
have marked her progress since the 
time when her borders were a 
wilderness are fraught with inter- 
est to the whole human race. In 
1750 the first steps of the Anglo- 
Saxon impressed the soil of Ken- 
tucky, bringing the seeds of a new 
civilization!. TJiomas Walker, ^he 
first pioneer whose footfalls broke 
the stillness of her valleys, crossed 
the Alleghanies from Virginia in 
that year. Upon shortly returning 
to Virginia, he gave a favorable 
account of the new land but left no 
well-marked trace behind. Thence- 
forward, from time to time, brief 
incursions were made by bands of 
white men bent on mere adventure ; 
but not until 1767, when John Fin- 
ley first crossed the borders of 
North Carolina and entered the 
Elkhorn Valley, was a definite dis- 
covery of Kentucky made. Then 
from the banks of the Yadkin fol- 
lowed Daniel Boone, the famous 
pioneer, who, in 1769, ** after 
traveling through a mountainous 

wilderness,'' found himself on Red 
River, *' where John Finley had 
formerly been trading with the 
Indians, and, from the top of an 
eminence, saw with pleasure the 
beautiful level of Kentucke.'' 
Thus, Finley and Boone, accom- 
panied by others, explored the un- 
broken domain; but it was not till 
1774 that James Harrod built the 
first log cabin in the solitude, 
selecting the site of the present de- 
lightful town of paarrodsburg in 
the thriftiest portion of the State. 
Kentucky then formed a part of 
Fincastle County, Virginia. Her 
extent was unknown, her bound- 
aries undefined, and her rich re- 
sources were unconceived by even 
the most fertile brain. After two 
years duration in the wilderness, 
attended by their heroic compan- 
ions, John Stuart, Joseph Holden, 
James Mooney and William Cool, 
Finley and Boone (their fancy 
teeming with the future wealth of 
beautiful rivers, boundless fields 
and mighty forests), returned to 
their old homes in North Carolina 
and Virginia; and then they re- 
newed their pilgrimage to Ken- 
tucky as the forerunners of a pop- 
ulation that was destined through 


Register of th« KMitucky State Hittorleal Society. 

Tineqnaled perils to lay the f ounda- 
tions of the State. 

The geographical limits of Ken- 
tucky were prescribed by the Leg- 
islature of Virginia on the Slst of 
December, 1776, when an act was 
passed declaring thaf : 

^'That part of Fincastle County 
which lies south and westward of 
a line beginning on the Ohio at the 
mouth of the Great Sandy Creek, 
and running up the same, and the 
main or northwesterly branch 
thereof to the j?reat Laurel Ridge 
on Cumberland Mountain, thence 
southwesterly along said moun- 
tain to the line of North Carolina, 
shall be hereafter known by the 
name of the County of Kentucky. ' ' 
In this survey of history ap- 
pears the origin of that geograph- 
ical unity from which sprang the 
Commonwealth. But Kentucky's 
wide domain, so long concealed in 
the shadows of trackless forests, 
had evidently possessed a distinc- 
tive and, perhaps, remarkable his- 
tory centuries before the assump- 
tion of the name which she now 
wears in the sisterhood of States. 
Humphrey Marshall, one of the 
earliest historians of the Com- 
monwealth, referring to this fact, 
says : 

**This delightful country and 
these majestic rivers from time 
immemorial had been the resort of 
wild beasts and of men no less sav- 
age, when, in the year 1767, it was 
visited by John Finley and a ff>w 
wandering white men from the 
British Colony of North Carolina, 
allured to the wilderness by love of 
hunting and the desire of trading 
with the Indians who were then 

understood to be at peace. These 
were a race of men whose origin 
lies buried in the most profound 
obscurity, the conjectures of the 
learned notwithstanding; and who, 
after a long intercourse with Euro- 
pean Colonists, had not arrived at 
the shepherd state, of course not 
practised in the arts of Agricul- 
ture or Mechanics, but dependent 
on fishing and hunting by men, and 
a scanty supply of maize raised 
by women, with imperfect instru- 
ments, for subsistence. Their 
clothing they fabricates from the 
skins of wild animals and the inci- 
dental supply of coarse cloths ob- 
tained from itinerant peddlers who, 
at times, visited their camps and 

There are conclusive evidences 
that the ** savage race,'* portrayed 
by Marshall, were either preceded 
or succeeded by another race of a 
higher type, for the first pioneers 
who, with Boone and Finley, 
traversed the untilled fields, dis- 
cerned in Kentucky the broken and 
scattered relics of men who had 
once exercised a dominion that 
bore the marks of a higher civiliza- 
tion. Hundreds of years may have 
passed away since they had lived 
and ruled; but the fallen columns, 
the crumbled walls, the mouldered 
implements of war and the ves- 
tiges of art which survived were 
voiceless proofs that they were not 
only different from but vastly 
superior to the rude and unlettered 
Cherokees, Shawnees and Wyaai- 
dots whom Boone and Finley 
first encountered. A mystery 
which no investigation has yet 
solved hangs over the unwritten 

fl«Oittei* of th# K«filueky SUto HIttorioal Society. 


annals of this extinct race. They 
may have been a mighty people 
whose temples gleamed in the sun- 
light, whose cities adorned the 
plain, whose researches unfolded 
the intricacies of nature, whose 
arts gave beauty to the products 
of the soil, whose battlefields were 
emblazoned by deeds of glory, 
whose literature enshrined rich 
trophies of genius, but, whose 
name, origin and fate the Great 
Destroyer has clothed in oblivion. 
Immediately succeeding the 
legal formation of Kentucky 
County in 1776, a constantly in- 
creasing tide of immigration 
poured into its borders from Vir- 
ginia and from the Carolinas, 
drawn thither by the glowing ac- 
counts that had been given by the 
pioneers. It was surely a fair and 
noble land, remote from northern 
lakes and southern gulf, from east- 
era sea, and from plains of the dis- 
tant west, the heart and stronghold 
of the Continent. It was a land 
of hills and vales, of springs and 
fountains, brooks and larger 
streams, well watered with the 
rains and dews of heaven, and 
blessed with fertile soil and genial 
sky. Now began in earnest the 
perilous task of building homes 
for the whites. The increase or 
population proportionately in- 
creased the hardships of border 
life, inasmuch as the apprehension 
of a predestined fate was thereby 
lodged in the savage breast; and 
with eyes of hate the red man wit- 
nessed the steady invasion of his 
hunting grounds. James Harrod 
had constructed his cabin where 
Harrodsburg is now located. Colo- 

nel Bichard Henderson, the archi- 
tect of the shortlived Colony of 
Transylvania, had negotiated with 
the Cherokees for all that import- 
ant region lying south of the Ken- 
tucky River; Daniel Boone had 
chosen a location at Boones- 
borough; Simon Kenton had 
planted a fort in what is now 
Mason County in the northeastern 
portion of the territory, just south 
of the Ohio; while Benjamin 
Logan had established his quarters 
in the vicinity of the present town 
of Stanford. These habitations, 
signal posts as they were of an ad- 
vancing host and of a new order of 
affairs, aroused the hostility of the 
hitherto unmolested savage and 
led to that series of bloody con- 
flicts through which the old set-- 
tiers passed for more than a de- 
cade, meeting alternate victory and 
defeat in their efforts to erect a 
government of liberty and of l^w. 
The incidents of that memorable 
period constitute a drama of dis- 
tress, of suffering, and of death, 
but were marked by deeds worthy 
of the world's greatest Heroes. 
Human nature was put to the 
severest tests, and these ordeals 
developed in men and women alike 
the highest forms of virtue. The 
battles which the Kentucky pio- 
neers waged with savage foes were 
fought against an enemy that 
often proved most cruel and relent- 
less. The very streams ran with 
innocent blood, while the torch of 
vengeance blazed along the fearful 
warpath. But even the cruelties* 
of savage warfare were not suffi- 
cient to destroy the humane char- 
acter of the Saxon race as illus- 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

trated by the heroic Kentuckians 
of that awful day — a fact to which 
the gifted Kentuckian, Colonel 
John Mason Brown, eloquently 
referred in his memorable oration 
in commemoration of the centen- 
nial anniversary of the battle of 
the Blue Licks, which he delivered 
on the old battle ground August 
19, 1882, when he said : 

'*In all the chronicles of those 
long years from Finley's first jour- 
ney in 1767 to the end of the 
Indian Wars at the battle of the 
Thames in 1813, no instance occurs 
(save McGary's murder of Molun- 
tha), where Kentuckians met the 
foe on other than equal terms in 
fair fight. Hundreds of instances 
attest their equal readiness for 
single combat or contests of num- 
bers, and almost every encounter 
brought death to either the pioneer 
or his foe; but the escutcheon of 
Kentucky has never Feen tarnished 
with the blot of cruelty, nor her 
lofty courage soiled by massacre of 
the defenseless, or by indignity to 
prisoners of war." 

And, now, looking back to that 
period of sacrifice, it may be said 

that the defence from time to time 


of Logan's Station, Boones- 
borough, Bryant's Station, Har- 
rodsburg and Estill Station, and 
the terrible disaster of the Blue 
Licks, into which the Kentuckians 
were led by the heroic but reckless 
Hugh McGary on the 19th of Aug- 
ust, 1782, in most of which en- 
gagements even the wives and 
daughters of the pioneers took an 
important part, gave to mankind 
examples of chivalry which must 
ever exalt the Saxon race; and 

every Kentuckian recalls with pride 
the names of Boone, Logan, Ken- 
ton, Clark, Todd, McBride and 
Trigg who led the spirits of that 
day. Precious indeed are the 
memories that enshrine each and 
all of these heroes of the early 
time, but Kentucky cherishes a 
peculiar affection for the name of 
Daniel Boone, whose history is 
linked with the first settlement of 
the State ; and we may rejoice that 
though, after all his struggles with 
adversity, death found him an ob- 
scure citizen of a sister Common- 
wealth (Missouri), whither he 
had gone to escape the pangs of 
pecuniary misfortune, his remains 
with those of his devoted wife, hav- 
ing been later brought back for 
burial in Kentucky, a monnment 
erected at the expense of the State 
marks their graves in the cemetery 
at Frankfort. The career of Dan 
iel Boone, like a mirror, reflected 
all that was original, unique and 
daring in western adventure. He 
was the personal embodiment of 
his time; and in this connection 
may be repeated a brief tribute to 
the man from the lips of James T. 
Morehead, once a Kentuckv Sena- 
tor, who, standing on the spot 
made famous as the former site of 
Boone's first cabin in Kentncty, 
said : 

^ ' He came originally to the ^1- 
derness not to settle and subdue it. 
but to gratify an inordinate pas- 
sion for adventure and discovery, 
to hunt the deer and buffalo, to 
roam through the woods, to admire 
the beauties of nature— in a word. 
to enjoy the lonely pastimes of a 
hunter's life, remote from the so- 

Register of the Kentucky State Hfstorlcal Society. 


ciety of hi^ fellow men. He had 
heard with admiration and delight 
Finley^s description of the coun- 
try of Kentucky, and, high as were 
his expectations, he found a second 
paradise. Its lofty forests, its 
noble rivers, its picturesque scen- 
ery, its beautiful valleys, but, above 
all, the plentifulness of beasts of 
every American kind — these were 
the attractions that brought him to 
it. His manners were simple and 
unobtrusive, except from the rude- 
ness of the backwoodsman. In his 
person there was nothing remark- 
ably striking. He was five feet ten 
inches in height and of robust and 
powerful proportions. His coun- 
tenance was mild and contempla- 
tive, indicating a frame of mind al- 
together different from the rest- 
lessness and activity that distin- 
^guished him. His ordinary habili- 
ments were those of a hunter— a 
hunting shirt and moccasins uni- 
formly composing a part of them. 
He died as he had lived, in a cabin, 
and, perhaps, his trusty rifle was 
the most valuable of his chattels.'' 
Despite the ravages of border 
war, permanent settlements and 
immigration from adjacent States 
steadily increased m Kentucky, 
and in 1783 the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia passed an Act which created 
in the territory three subdivisions 
to be known respectively as Lin- 
coln, Fayette and Jefferson Coun- 
ties. In conformity with this act 
the garb of civil government, hav- 
ing its own peculiar impress, was 
assumed by Kentucky. The futile 
attempt to establish the Colony of 
Transylvania, begun on Tuesday, 
May 23, 1775, and having its seat 

of government at Boonesborough, 
had passed away; but under 'the 
Virginia legislative enactment a 
substantial movement was inaugu- 
rated in pursuance of which a Dis- 
trict Court with general jurisdic- 
tion was promptly established and, 
in the following year, initiatory 
steps were taken tpward a separate 
State Government. This high con- 
summation was not, however, to be 
reached except through delay and 
turmoil and, also, disappointment. 
Kentucky seemed born to continual 
conflict. Her first settlers encoun- 
tered tribulations not only in blaz- 
ing the way to State organization, 
but, when the days of savage strife 
were over, her brave sons were 
destined to pass through an ordeal 
that would sorely try their patriot- 
ism. Old Virginia was evidently 
loath to part from her offspring, 
and owing to repeated disagree- 
ments the Kentucky pioneers were 
required to endure the agitation 
and annoyance incidental to hold- 
ing nine successive Conventions, 
between 1784 anSf 1791, before the 
government of Virginia gave 
formal assent to the organization 
of the State preparatory to the 
necessary action of the Federal 
Congress, admitting Kentucky as 
a member of the American Union. 
Those nine conventions, sitting 
from time to time at Danville, 
were bodies of remarkable men — 
heroes, in fact, who had subdued 
the Indian, conquered the wilder- 
ness, and were struggling to coni- 
mit to their children a heritage con- 
secrated to peace, a(nd to the cause 
of freedom for future generations. 
The log cabin at Danville where 


Regftter of the Kentucky State Hfetorical Society. 

the assemblies met was dedicated 
with prayer to God and made vocal 
with tongues the melody of which 
was inspired by that love of liberty 
which is ever purest amid such 
sacrifices as attended the birth of 

On the fourth day of February, 
1791, the Federal Congress passed 
an Act prospectively admitting 
Kentucky into the Union, April 
19, 1792; and, in due time, the 
young Commonwealth took her 
place in that glorious Sisterhood 
on which she has never put a 
stain. The loyalty of Kentucky 
to the Union was tested in the very 
infancy of the State. The vicissi- 
tudes and vexations that had 
marked the territorial condition 
had been of the most trying char- 
acter, and shortly after admission 
into the Union a corrupt effort was 
made by the Spanish Oovernment, 
operating through domestic intri- 
guers, to alienate the people of Ken- 
tucky from the Government, and, 
by appeals partly to public pas- 
sion and partly to selfish commer- 
cial interests, seduce them into an 
alliance with Spain, with a view, 
as alleged, to securing for Ken- 
tucky and the western country the 
free navigation of the Mississippi 
Eiver. In 1797 formal negotiations 
with this object in view were in- 
stituted under the auspices of **His 
Excellency, The Baron of Caron- 
delet, Commander-in-Chief and 
Governor of his Catholic Majesty's 
Provinces of West Florida and 
Louisiana," and the intriguers 
found in Judge Sebastian, of Lou- 
isville, Kentucky, a willing listener, 
not to say a ready participant in 

the proposals that were offered 
for consideration. Without giving 
a detailed account of this intrigue, 
it is sufficient to say that the ex- 
posure of it awakened popular in- 
dignation, subjected its abettors 
to public execration, deepened the 
patriotism of the young State, and 
led to the strengthening of the ties 
that bound Kentucky to the fabric 
which had been cemented by the 
blood of the Revolution. This was 
true, despite the fact that there 
were not lacking at that critical 
period a few able and ambitious 
men in Kentucky who earnestly 
favored the Spanish scheme; but 
the people themselves esteemed as 
above all price* their own good 
faith to the sacred obligations 
which bound them to Virginia; 
hence, though swayed for a time by 
passion, they nevertheless clung to 
that sense of honor which distin- 
guishes not only Kentuckians, but 
true men everywhere. 

In 1792, led by Isaac Shelby, her 
first Governor, who had won endur- 
ing fame at King's Mountain, Ken- 
tucky began her career as a State. 
She was to fulfill a grand niission, 
bearing her own responsibilities 
and contributing her own share to 
the cause of good government. Hav- 
ing inexhaustible natural resources 
the young State at once attracted 
a daily increasing volume of immi- 
gration from the older Common- 
wealths, especially from Virginia 
and the Carolinas whence had been 
derived her first settlers. Her 
subsequent history abonnds with 
examples of heroism and of states- 
menship. The elements that com- 
pose the character of her people 

Rtgltttr of th« Kentucky 8Ute Historicai Society. 


make them essentially brave and 
true. Commingling in their veins 
was the blood of the Norman and 
the Saxon. Faultless courage, a 
deep love of justice, and withal a 
pure devotion to the amenities and 
graces of life, formed the traits 
which then, as now, made up the 
Kentucky character. The first 
bom of Virginia, the people of the 
State have ever been imbued with 
the spirit which won for the Old 
Dominion the renown that illumines 
at once her annals of peace and of 

Kentucky has always borne her 
escutcheon high on the battlefield. 
The cry of public danger never 
failed to awaken a patriotic re- 
sponse from her courageous sons. 
Her soldiers were first and fore- 
most in the battles waged under 
Clarke and Harrison, in the North- 
west, with' the Indians whose great 
leader, Tecumseh, fell at the final 
battle of the Thames simultaneous- 
ly with the infamous renegade, 
Simon Girty, in front of the Ken- 
tucky regiment commanded by 
Bichard M. Johnson, who there- 
after attained great distinction in 
the history of the State. The 
records of the War of 1812-14 are 
ablaze with the deeds of her sol- 
diers who with Johnson and Dud- 
ley, Croghan, Daviess and Leslie 
Combs, followed Harrison through 
the carnage of Tippecanoe and the 
Baisin, and who, with enthusiastic 
ardour, stood with Adair by the 
side of Andrew Jackson, in whose 
wake the picked veterans of Wel- 
lington were vanquished at New 
Orleans. In all the wars of the Be- 
public, Kentuckians have freely 

bared their bosoms to the foe. With 
intrepid steps they followed the 
flag through the Florida cam- 
paigns. The records of the struggle 
with Mexico contain no names 
more honorable than those which 
Kentucky gave to that memorable 
contest ; wMle, on both sides in the 
melancholy strife of 1861 — 1865, 
her brave sons bore themselves in 
a manner that shed new lustre on 
the State. In the war for the Union 
Kentucky engaged with apparent 
reluctance, not by reason of opposi- 
tion to the National Government, 
but because, at the beginning of 
the struggle, the people of the 
State were impelled by a supreme 
desire to stay the tide of popular 
passion and, if possible, avert the 
prolonged fratricidal strife that 
swept so many courageous Ameri- 
cans into its vortex. Kentucky 
was the birthplace of the two great 
figures that commanded the world 's 
attention during that unequaled 
struggle. Abraham Lincoln and 
Jefferson Davis were bom about 
the same date and within the same 
portion of Kentucky; and it may 
be fairly said that those Kentuck- 
ians who followed Jefferson Davis 
in the cause of Secession were no 
less patriotic and courageous than 
those who, with similar heroism, 
consecrated themselves to the cause 
of the Union under the leadership 
of Abraham Lincoln. When Ken- 
tucky's hesitation proved unavail- 
ing to restrain the tide of revolu- 
tion, she placed herself in an atti- 
tude of loyalty to the National 
Flag, and in one hundred and 
thirty-three engagements on her 
own soil, her sons demonstrated 


Regittep of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

their courage between 1861 and 
1865, thereby emulating the ex- 
ample set in the beginning by her 
heroic son, Eobert Anderson, who 
maintained the distressful siej^e of 
Fort Sumpter against the over- 
powering assaults of General 
Beauregard, Kentucky 's course 
during the war for the Union was 
equaled only by her magnanimity 
toward her defeated sons at the 
end of the strife; and now the 
names of Albert Sidney Johnston, 
John C. Breckinridge, Ben Hardin 
Helm, Eoger Hanson, John H. 
Morgan and Joseph H. Lewis are 
honored by the people as are those 
of Lovell H. Rousseau, Thomas J. 
Wood, Walter C. Whitaker, Frank 
Wolford and Thomas L. Critten- 
den, who conspicuously figured on 
the opposing side. Though the 
trusty blades of these men crossed 
each other amid fire and blood, 
their deeds are alike a part of Ken- 
tucky's glorious fame! 

But Kentuckians have won im- 
perishable distiriction lin conflicts 
of another sort, but of no less sig- 
nificance than those in which great 
armies meet. Going back to an 
early period in the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury, we recall with pride the in- 
tellectual combats in which Ken- 
tucky's orators and statesmen have 
engaged. They were combats 
worthy of the gods themselves. Re- 
call for a moment the famous strug- 
gle between the Relief and the 
Anti-Relief or, as they were called, 
the yOld" and the ''New" Court 
parties. It was a conflict in which 
there were giants confronting each 
other, giants in brain andgiart? in 
will; and the issue between then in- 

volved far more than mere party 
passion or prejudice. It was an 
issue of principle, fundamental and 
vital. Following the War of 1812- 
14, there occurred a monetary 
panic in Kentucky. Financial dis- 
tress prevailed throughout the 
State. The system of State Bank- 
ing then in vogue, coupled with a 
widespread mania for speculation, 
had proven a Pandora's Box from 
which had sprung an Iliad of woe.s, 
and from every part of the Com- 
monwealth arose the cry for ** re- 
lief." The politicians lent their 
ears to the cry and made ready a 
panacea for the times. The Legisla- 
ture which met in 1819-20, guided 
bv reckless demands, hastened to 
enact what was known as the *' Re- 
lief Bill," which gave each debtor 
the right to replevy a judgment of 
the court for from one to thref 
vears. Then ensued a furious war- 
fare between the creditor and debt- 
or classes of the State. The stmsr- 
gle assumed a violent phase and 
soon enlisted the ablest lawvers 
and politicians against each other. 
The championship of the Relief 
Party included such men as Wil- 
liam T. Barry, subsequently Presi- 
dent Jackson's Postmaster Gren- 
eral; John Rowan, who became a 
United States Senator; Solomon P. 
Sharp, Attorney General of the 
State and Member of Cong^ress: 
and George M. Bibb, a distin- 
guished jurist, and subsequently 
President Tyler's Secretary of the 
Treasury. Among the leaders of the 
opposition were such spirits a? 
Robert Wickliffe, Chilton Allen, 
Thomas A. Marshall, Tlohn Boyle, 
George Robertson, Joseph R. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Underwood, and.Eobert J. Breck- 
inridge who thereafter abandoned 
political ambition and rose to fame 
in the ministry of the Presbyter- 
ian Church. These men, gifted 
with, a degree of eloquence seldom, 
if ever, surpassed, went before the 
people with tongues of flame. Their 
clarion tones made the welkin 
ring; the hustings were thronged 
by the excited masses, and, as a 
consequence, the State was aroused 
well nigh to the point of civil 
strife. The people, pinched by 
financial distress, gave willing ears 
to inflammatory appeals land, 'at 
the following election, the Relief 
Party swept the' State, electing by 
large majorities a Legislature and 
a Governor pledged to revolution- 
ary measures. Finally a case was 
submitted to the Clark County Cir- 
cuit Court, involving the validity of 
the so-called measure of *' Relief 
which the Legislature had enacted, 
and Judge James Clark pro- 
nounced the law unconstitutional. 
Then followed a storm of popular 
indignation, which threatened 
Judge Clark with political destruc- 
tion. His name was hailed with de- 
rision by the ^* Relief Party'' 
throughout the State. The firm- 
ness and integrity of the Judiciary 
were to be subjected to a fiery or- 
deal. An appeal was taken from 
Clark's decision to the Supreme 
Court of the State and'T)ehold, that 
august tribunal consisting of John 
Boyle, William Owsley and Ben- 
jamin Mills aflSrmed the ruling of 
the lower court. This court inten- 
sified the prevailing agitation in 
the midst of which, in 1824, the 

Legislature assumed to remove the 
Judges of the Supreme Court with 
a view to securing a contrary de- 
cision. An act reorganizing the 
court was passed. The. old court 
was, in a sense, legislated out of 
existence, and a new court, com- 
posed of Wm. T. Barry, John 
Trimble, James Hagin and Bezin 
Davidge, with Francis P. Blair as 
Clerk, was appointed by Q-ovemor 
Desha. But the ^^Old'* Court 
would not *^down'* at the bidding 
of either legislative or executive 
power ; it proceeded as before with 
judicial work; and hence, arose the 
ever memorable strife between the 
Old and New Court parties in the 
State. It was extreme and bitter. 
It was all absorbing of popular 
thought and action, being waged 
with relentless fervor on the hust- 
ings and in the press, while even 
the pulpit did not escape the con- 
tagious warfare. But the *'01d 
Courf party at last prevailed. 
Reason and common sense backed 
by the Constitution of the State, 
were victorious over passion. In 
1826-7 the Legislature, coming as 
a new voice from the people, re- 
pealed the reorganizing act of 
1823, reestablished the authority of 
the Old Court, vindicates the honor 
of the Kentucky Judiciary, and re- 
stored peace to the Common- 
wealth. In connection with this 
episode in Kentucky liistory, it is 
a significant fact, illustrative of 
the changeful current of popular 
sentiment, that, in 1838, the same 
Judge Clark who had been merci- 
lessly reviled in 1822 for rendering 
the decision adverse to the **Ee- 


Rtgltter of tli« Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 

lief party, was carried by a wave 
of popular enthusiasm into the 
Gubernatorial Chair. 

Looking back over the history of 
Kentucky, we naturally recall one 
man — the central figure — who, 
more than all other men, gave tone 
and complexion to popular thought 
directing, as it were, the State's 
very destiny. The influence of his 
genius was felt in every Kentucky 
home. His majestic presence was 
an inspiration to the masses; his 
voice never failed to sway the mul- 
titude as effectually as the forest 
is swayed by the storms. His foes 
trembled before him, while his 
friends bowed in affectionate rev- 
erence at his feet. Wherever his 
lofty plume adva/nced in |the old 
party battlefields, between Whigs 
and Democrats, the Kentucky peo- 
ple usually followed. Thus, for 
fifty years Henry Clay was all-po- 
tent in the Commonwealth, and the 
heart of Kentucky is filled now 
with love for his name. In none of 
those political battles in which he 
led, did the people of Kentucky 
ever turn their backs upon him. 

The memorable contests which 
were waged between 1820 and 1850 
brought forth not only the peculiar 
traits of the Kentucky character, 
but a list of orators who might well 
be classed with the most brilliant 
spirits of the ancient forum, when 
Cicero and Pericles inspired the 
multitude, or with Pitt, O'Connell, 
Fox and Sheridan, who, in modem 
times, enchained the British House 
of Commons. With a *^ greatness 
all his own*' Mr. Clay was in the 
front ; but his contemporaries were 
also comparatively great. There 

was never in one generation, in a 
single State, such a coterie of ora- 
tors as the Moreheads, John J. 
Crittenden, Richard H. Menifee, 
the Wickliffes, John Rowan, Wm. T. 
Barry, Thomas F. Marshall, Felix 
Grundy, Elijah Hise, Joseph Holt, 
Ben Hardin, Presley Ewing and 
John C. Breckinridge. They were 
a matchless company of men, in 
bearing, in eloquence, in learning, 
in all the arts of popular leader- 
ship. They were exemplars of that 
exalted type which the Saxon race 
alone has furnished mankind. 

The material greatness of Ken- 
tucky, in the period which has 
elapsed since entering the Federal 
Union, has not been of rapid 
growth, and, yet, we may trace with 
pride her advancement in all the 
elements of power. Though hesitat- 
ing, yet, at an early date, her sons 
felt the vital importance of winn- 
ing a prominent place in the van 
of educational progress. In this 
particular Kentucky has not re- 
ceived the praise whicli is her due. 
Art and Science and the industries 
alike have been generously nur- 
tured in her borders. Though it 
was not until 1837 that a system of 
free schools was, at the instance of 
Hon. William F. Bullock^ of Louis- 
ville, and his contemporaries even 
partially inaugurated, yet, at the 
beginning of the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury, the first, the most conspicu- 
ous, and the most influential insti- 
tution of learning in the West vas 
established at Lexington, Transyl- 
vania University, planted on the 
very spot that had lately been the 
scene of savage warfare, became 
the acolyte of educational prog- 





Regitter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


ress west of the Alleghanies. In 
its halls was given the first series 
of lectures on Medical ScieDtce ever 
delivered in the West, and the first 
lessons taught in the various stud- 
ies embraced in a regular colle- 
giate course. This famous seat of 
learning furnished a class of men 
who achieved world-wide fame in 
the field of medicine. Daniel Drake, 
Benjamin W. Dudley, Charles 
Caldwell, Alban Goldsmith, Eph- 
raim McDowell, Samuel Gross, 
Lunsford P. Yandell and Theodore 
S. Bell, distinguished first as grad- 
uates and then as teachers in the 
faculty of the venerable school, not 
only enriched the science to which 
their genius was dedicated, but be- 
stowed imperishable lustre on the 
State. Another famous* institution 
of learning, whose history begins 
in the early years of the last cen- 
tury, is Centre College. Among the 
men whose labors served to crown 
this school with fame were: Doc- 
tors Chamberlain, its first Presi- 
dent, William L. Breckinridge, 
John C. Young, Lewis W. Green, 
Ormond Beatty, and Alfred Ryors. 
The annals of this institution are 
adorned with the names of men 
who have won exalted places in the 
Nation's history as Jurists, Sol- 
diers and Statesmen; and the fact 
of graduation from Centre Col- 
lege has been, for nearly a century 
a sure passport into the Republic 
of Letters. 

Thus the sources of Kentucky's 
pride and power in the develop- 
ment of her educational interests 
are truly abundant ; but no feature 
of her character, is more to be 
admired than the beneficent care 

which she has ever given her 
stricken children. Not only have 
her mighty arms been thrown 

around her common schools and 
such higher institutions of learn- 
ing, as are accessible to those alone 
whom nature has endowed with 
healthy bodies and sound minds, 
but her great heart has gone forth 
with fullness and force toward 
those of her sons and daughters 
who, by nature, are denied the 
blessings of speech, of hearing, or 
of sight. Kentucky was the first 
among the States of the Union to 
erect asylums for the instruction 
of the blind, and the care of the 
insane, thereby setting an example 
that inaugurated a system of phil- 
anthropic measures which all men 
may regard with gratitude. As the 
outgrowth of this system there are 
located at Lexington, Anchorage 
and Hopkinsville, three great asy- 
lums for the insane, and, at Frank- 
fort, a splendid institution for the 
education of feeble-minded chil- 
dren ; while in the vicinity of Louis- 
ville, the most thoroughly equipped 
institution for the education of the 
blind in America stands as a mon- 
ument to the generous enterprise 
and beneficent spirit of the Com- 
monwealth. The measure intro- 
duced in the Legislature by Wil- 
liam F. Bullock, in 1837, and 
adopted by that body as the organic 
foundation of Kentucky's Common 
Schools, has brought forth rich and 
glorious fruit; and, now, the 
precious food of knowledge may be 
shared by every son and daughter 
of the State. Whereas in 1840 
there could be found only here and 
there a common school under the 


Regittar of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

patronage of the State, there are 
now more than five thousand school 
districts, in each of which at least 
one good free school is taught; 
and the blessings of this system 
have been extended by legislation 
to the children of whites and 
blacks alike. These facts not only 
indicate the disposition of the Ken- 
tucky people, but show the moral 
and intellectual growth of Ken- 
tucky. Without them, the cold em- 
blazonries of Art, or the abundant 
displays of wealth were nothing! 
Without them, our palatial homes, 
our brilliant cities, our argosies of 
commerce and all our ingenious 
instruments of material growth 
would lose their best significance; 
for what were a people who, though 
possessing every treasure of the 
earth, yet lacked the richer adorn- 
ments of heart and brain f 

Kentucky has attained an almost 
dizzy altitude since Boone and Fin- 
ley first blazed her trackless for- 
ests. The pioneers are in their 
graves and the wilderness has been 
well nigh swept away before the re- 
sistless march of the Saxon, The 
hunting grounds of old have become 
the scene of a triumphant civiliza- 
tion; and law, religion and liberty 
reign in the former home of the 
savage. Here all the agencies of 
human progress have been active 
for a century. The rude printing 
press established by John Brad- 
ford at Lexington, August 28, 1787, 
and from which was issued *'The 
Kentucky Gazette,*' the first news- 
paper, not only in Kentuckjj but 
west of the AUeghanies, ^as grown 
to be a power of which its founder 
scarcely dreamed, and its magical 
influence penetrates every Ken- 

tucky home where an inmiortal 
soul hungers for the food of intel- 
lectual life. The three counties of 
Lincoln, Fayette and Jeflferson 
have become the parents of a noble 
progeny, having increased to one 
hundred and twenty, any one of 
which is greater in wealth and 
population than the original three 
combined at the beginning of the 
State. Literature, Science, Indus- 
try and Art have each their chosen 
altars upon which the State has 
placed the trophies of her own 
gifted sons. Commerce has girdled 
the Commonwealth and busy marts 
of trade enliven the banks not only 
of the Ohio but of six other majes- 
tic rivers which have their source 
within the State. 

Kentucky now stands firm and 
erect, with annals rich in the glor- 
ies of a heroic past, and with her 
radiant brow turned in confidence 
to a future of limitless progress! 
Let therefore the memory of onr 
Wise, our Brave and our Good be 
kept ever green in our hearts ; and, 
inspired by their illustrious ex- 
amples, let the men of this genera- 
tion go forth with strong minds, 
true faith and ready hands to 
achieve for the State a destiny 
that shall be worthy of her im- 
mortal founders. Thus may Ken- 
tuckians, irrespective of party, 
clasp hands in pride as they con- 
template the annals of {he Com- 
monwealth, embracing more than 
a century from the Govemorsbip 
of Isaac Shelby to that of his pres- 
ent and worthy successor, Jame? 
B. McCreary, who enjoys ttie un- 
usual distinction of having been 
twice elected to the Chief Map>- 
tracy of the State. 





By Ella Hutchison Ellwanger. 

Epitaphs first originated vith 
the Greeks, an evolution from their 
practice of delivering funeral ora- 
tions ( epitaphshon — * ' over the 
tomb'') at the grave side. Prom 
the earliest times it has been the 
rule to respect and honor the dead. 
The Patriarchs regarded with 
veneration the resting place of 
their Fathers. The Egyptians pre- 
served the bodies of their relatives 
and erected splendid pillars and 
massive pyramids over them, to 
make the spot sacred and to be a 
perpetual reminder. The mounds 
and the pyramids were the earliest 
monuments of the Romans. 

Epitaphs are so varied that it is 
utterly impossible to attempt to 
classify them. They run from the 
sublime to the ridiculous and from 
grave to gay; from humorous to 

So from the earliest time to the 
present twentieth century there is 
a historical interest attached to 
them and it is quite easy to mark 
the different periods of the world 's 
history through these bits of prose 
and verse that the first Greeks 
were responsible for. We have 
sadly degenerated since Sinias of 
Thebes wrote the following on the 
tomb of Sophocles: These lines 
are, of course, a translation: 

"Wind, gentle evergreen, to form a shade 
Around the tomb where Sophocles is laid. 
Sweet ivy wind thy houghs, and intertwine 
With blushing roses and the clustering 

Then shall thy lasting leaves, with beauties 

Prove grateful ennblems of the lays he 


Another translation by Meri- 
vale, from the inscription on a 
Greek tomb, runs as follows: 

"Human strength is unavailing; 
Boastful tyranny unfailing; 
All in life is care and labour; 
And our unrelenting neighbor^ 
Death, is ever hovering round 
Who's inevitable to wound. 
When be comes prepared to strike. 
Good and ibad must fall alike." 

Here are two from the tombs of 
Greek slaves: 

"2iOzinia, who in her life, could only have 
her body enslaved, now finds that free." 

The other was from the tomb of 
Epictetus, who was enfranchised 
and became one of the greatest of 
stoical philosophers. It runs thus: 

"Bpictetus, who lies here, was a slave 
and a cripple, poor as the beggar in the 
OPpoverb, hut the f«vorite of heaven." 

Greek epitaphs are always beau- 
tiful, they nevefr descend to the 
fantastic or the ridiculous. 

The Boman epitaphs, though 
much more numerous than the 


Register of the Kentucky 8tate Historical Society. 

Greeks, lack the beauty of expres- 
sion of the latter. A very few sen- 
tences and nearly all alike are 
found on the tombs of the cata- 
combs and on the roadside. It was 
in these catacombs that the hunted 
Christians found refuge from their 
cruel persecutors. A few samples 
are given: 

"DormltluB Blpldis"— The resting place ot 

"In pace Gamela dormlt"— Gamela sleeps 

in peace. 
"Victoria dormit" — Victoria sleeps. 

Here is one on a martyr to the 
faith, a little different: 

"In the time of the Emperor Adrian, 
Marius, a young military offl<5er, who had 
lived long enough, gave up his life, with 
hie hlood to Christ; and at length rested in 
peace. Those who loved him, set up this 
In hope and fear, on the sixth of the Ides 
of December." 

Here is a pagan one of great 
beauty : 

"Adieu Septimla; may the earth lie light 
upon thee. Whoever places a burning lamp 
before this tomb, may golden soil cover 
his ashes." 

Her'e is another impressive and 
brief Roman epitaph: 

"Siste viator! heroam calsas." — Stop trav- 
eler; thy tread is on a hero. 

Here are some beautiful ones, 
and a few conceited ones in various 
cemeteries over the world. 

This one was found in a ceme- 
tery in Portsmouth, New Ham- 

"Bevond the flight of time, beyond this 
vale of death; 
There surely is some blessed clime, 

iWhose life is not a breath. 

And faith beholds the dying here. 
Transplanted to that happier sphere." 

Here is one that takes the palm 
for conceit, it is from Oxford, Eng- 
land : 

"To the glorious memory of that notole 
Knight, Sir Cope D'Oyley. late Deputy 
lieutenant of Oxfordshire and Justice of 
Oyer and Termlners. (Heir of the ancient 
and honorable family of the D'Oyleys of the 
same county, founders of the noble A^bies 
of Oyley, etc., who put on immortality, the 
4th day of August in the year of our Re- 
demption, 1633. 

Ask not who is buried here. Ck> ask the 

Commons, ask the Shire. 
Oo ask the Church; they'll tell thee who, 
As well as (blubbered eyes can do. Go ask 

the Heralds, ask the poor 
"Wlho've had enough to ask no more, then 

if thine eye bedew this um, 
(Each piteous drop a pearl will turn. To 

adorn his tomb, who 
Now sits and sings with angels, arch> 

angels and Seraphims." 

Between the above and the fol- 
lowing one, which notes the versa- 
tile accomplishments of a sister of 
the renowned Edmund Burke, 
found in the cemetery of Bedford- 
shire, England, We leave you to de- 
cide which you would prefer: 

"Here lies the body of Iiady O'LiOoney. 
great niece of Burke, commonly called the 
'SubUme/ She was bland, passionate and 
deeply religious; also she painted in water 
colors, and sent several pictures to the 
exhibition. She was first cousin to Lady 
Jones, and of such is the Kingdom of 

This is only equaled by a 
*^pome'' that recently appeared in 
the Cincinnati Enquirer. That 
paper needs no funny sheet so long 
as it allows the world to contribute 
to the "In Memoriam'' dexjart- 
ment. The verse went on to tell 
of the sudden taking off of one lit- 
tle Mary. After a quantity of 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


blank, and other verse, it ended 
with this couplet: 

"And this is added to our otlier fwoes; 
Nevermore shall we see Mary In her fur- 

In the same department was an- 
other verse (T). This ended thus: 

"O, O, O Lord, how could you do It?" 

In an old Canadian burying 
ground at Niagara-on-the-Lak€f, 
many curios in the name of epi- 
taphs have been found. Here are 
a few from that section of the 
world : 

"Weep not 

At Fort Niacn^, 

Amasa "Snow. 
Here lies brave Snow, full six feet deep. 
Whose heart would liave melt to have 

cause to weep. ^ 

Though winter's blast may freeze bis 

Death's cold grasp can^ chill his fame." 

This carries the commercial in- 
stincts a little far: 

"Here Ues the body of Ezra Black, 

His soul has gone to Zlon. 
His sons still do business 

Down at the Golden {Lion." 

Ehymes do not always come as 
easy as one might wish. Some of 
the verses on the tombstones of 
the beloved dead did not always 
fiet the right "jingle at ilka een." 
This was ingeniously done away 
with by changing the name of the 
dead and writing a sort of ** post- 
script^' as it were, at the bottom, 
giving the man's real name. In one 
epitaph the man's name was 
^* Woodcock." It just wouldn't 
rhyme. So the stone bears a naive 
legend to the effect that they had 
to change it to **Woodhen." 

A favorite way of beginning the 
epitaphs on the stones in old ceme- 

teries is to bid the '* Stranger, 
pause and drop a tear." In the 
following it is likely that one did— 
from laughing. The occasion for 
this burst of poetry is the removal 
of a man's first wife to a distant 

"Stranger, pause and drop a tear, 
ForiOffimily iChurch lies burled here; 
Mingled in some unaccountable manner 
With Mary, Mathilda and i^robably Han- 

In quoting from the tombstone 
, of a Spaniard, we meet the quintes- 
sence of self-esteem. We must 
bear in mind, however, the words 
of Lord Macauley to keep from 
jeering at the epitaph. Macauley 
says: **In the 16th century, Spain 
was the land of Statesman and Sol- 
diers. Their skill was renowned 
through Europe. They had pride, 
firmness and courage, a solemn de- 
meanor, strong sense of humor, 
and so remarkable were they for 
warlike and literary ability, that 
our ancestors regarded them with 
awe. At the beginning of the 16th 
century they were the first natives 
of the world, and Phillip the 2d, 
succeeded to a people capable of 
conquering the world." So says 
Macauley. I want to go on rec- 
ord, though, as saying, I think they 
must have been deficient in that 
greatest of all gifts— the gift of 

But here is the epitaph in all its 
glory for you to read: 

"Here lies the body of John Quebeca, 
precenta (chief singer) to my lord, the 
king. When his spirit shall enter the King- 
dom of Heaven, the Almighty will say to 
the angelic choir, *iSilence, ye calves! and 
let me hear John Quebeca, precentor to the 
king.' " 


Register of the Kentucky State Hletorlcal Society. 

Can you beat that for pompos- 
ity T 

This is by an affectionate son 
who also wished to advertise his 
public house: 

"Beneath this stone, in hopes of Zion, 
Doth lie the landlord of the lion. 

His son keeps on the 'business stilly 
(Resided unto the heavenly will." 

Speaking, or rather writing, of 
trade epitaphs, here is one on the 
tomb of Benjamin Franklin and 
written by himself: 

"The 'body of 
(B. Franklin, 
IJke the cover of an old book. 
Its contents torn out, 

And stri-pped of its lettering and its gild- 
ing, lies here, good for worms. 
But the work shall not be wholly lost; 
For it will, as he believed, appear once 

In a new and more .perfect edition. 
Corrected and amended by the great Au- 

This is from Scotland and is a 
warning to all careless druggists: 

'•He was a peacea'ble quiet mon, and to 
all appearances, a sincere Christian. His 
death was very much regretted, which was 
caused by the stuipMity of Lawrence Tul- 
loch, of Clotherton, who flold him nitre, in- 
stead of epsom salts, 'by which he was 
killed in the space of three hours, after 
taking a dose of it." 

That was too bad in the case of 
TuUoch, but here we have another 
death owing to the fact that they 
did not restrict themselves to 
taking Epsom salts. This is from a 
tomb in Cheltenham, England. 

"Here lies I, and my three daughters. 
Killed by drinking the Cheltenham waters. 
If we had stuck to epsom salts, 
W^'d not been lying in these here vaults. 


Here we have another way out 
of diflScult rhyming: 

"Here lies John Bunn, 

Who was killed by a gun. 

His name wasn't Bunn; his real name i^ 

But 'Wood* wouldn't rhyme with gun. so 

I thought 'Bunn' could." 

Here is another queer one from 
Oakham, Surrey, England: 

"The Lord saw good I was lapping oil 

And down fell from a tree. 
I met with a check and I broke my neck, 

And so, death lopped off me." 

Here is one of interest from Dy- 
mock, Gloucestershire. 

**Two sweeter babes you nare did see. 
Than Godamighty geed to we. 
But they were o'taken wi a^e fits, 
And here they lie as d<ead as nitts." 

At Sunderland, England: 

"Sudden and unexpected was the end 
Of our esteemed and belored friend. 
He gave to all his frlendg a sudden shoci 
By one day falling into Sunderland Doct 

This epitaph on a tombstone at 
Nottingham, England, on the deati 
of a miserly man is clear and to 
the point: 

"Here lies John Hackett, in his woodea 

He kept neither horses nor mules. 
He lived like a hog and he died like a do^ 

And left all his money to fools." 

This sort of wild and indiscrim- 
inate rhyming, is, no doubt, the 
way that our present day ** limer- 
icks'' were started. Certainly few 
limericks of this latter day can 
equal the following: 

Reglcter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 



Here lies, returned to clay, 
Miss Arabella Young, 
WbiO on the first of May 
Began to hold her tongue/ 


"Here lies William •Smith, 
And what is somewhat rarlsh; 

He was bom, bred and hanged 
In this 'ere parish.' 


Here are one or two examples of 
the punning period: upon a Liver- 
pool brewer. 

"Poor John Scott lies buried here, 
Although he was both hale and stout. 
Death stretched him on this bitter bier. 
In another world he hops a'bout." 

On the organist of St. Mary^s 
Church, Winton, Oxford. His 
name was Meredith: 

"(Hie jadt — one blown out of 'breath — 
He liyes a merry life and died a merry 

On a farmer's daughter named 
Latitia : 

"Grim death to please his liquorish palate. 
Has taken my Latitia and put in his sal- 

On Potter, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury : 

"Alack and well-a-day, 

Potter, himself, is turned to clay." 

On a gentleman named Ayre: 

"TJnder this marble fair 

Lies the body of Gervaise Ajnre; 

He died not of an ague fit. 

Nor surfeited of too much wit. 

Methinks thlg was a wondrous death, 

That Ayre should die for want of breath. 


We all know the much quoted 
one of Mary Kent: 

"Here lies the remains of Mary Kent, 
She kicked up her heels and away she 

Then the abominable one from 
the Inverness church yard, Scot- 

"Here lies my poor wife, without bed or 

But dead as a door nail, God be thankit." 

Here is a most facetious one 
from the French: 

"Here lies my wife— here let her lie; 
She's at rest, and so am I." 

Another from Selby in York- 
shire forgets the admonition that 
we should speak nothing but good 
of the dead and writes his wife's 
lack of virtues on her tombstone 

"Here lies my wife, a sad slattern and 

If I said I regretted her, I should lie, too." 

Here is one by a pathetic and 
courteous husband: 

"She once wag mine; 

And now 
To Thee, O Lord, I her resign; 
And am your humble, obedient servant, 

•Robert Kemp."' 

The following was written by 
a rather stupid sort, who thought 
he was no end of a ''wag.*^ It is 
to be found in Hertford, England: 

"Woman : 

"Grieve not for me my husband dear, 
I am not dead, but sleeping here. 
With patience wait, prepare to die. 
And in short time you'll come to I." 


"I am not grieved, my dearest life; 
Sleep on, I've got another wife; 
Therefore, I cannot come to thee, 
For I must go and live with she." 

From St. Phillips Churchyard, 
Birmingham, England, is one 


Realrter of the Kentucky State Hlatorieal Society. 

slightly mixed in sentiment, not to 
mention grammar: 

Vn„*th! ,?i"i ''*'**'^' **"• Jeave me behind- 

p7^'^ if i^^^"" ^^°™ Lands-end, 
Cornwall^ England, from the tomb 

of one Eev. John Chest, not too 

much respected by his parish: 

"Beneafb this apot Ues buried 

One cheat within another. 
TfcBontep cheat iraa a very good one 

Who aaya ao of the other"' 

On the tomb of a notorious 
STfLI-I?'' i?.^" °^*^ churchyard 
Letfom °^™® ^^ ^^^^° 

I physic's, bleeds and aweats 'em- 
«o"«^~ they Ure. sometimes a'ey die- 
What's that to I— I, Letsome." ^ ' 

There used to be a tombstone in 
the churchyard at ColeshlU, a few 
miles from Birmingham, England 
on a man who had an unusuaUy 
large mouth. This was ordered re- 
moved lately: 

a babe, who possessed an nnn- 
monly inquiring mind: 

"Since I was so early done for 
I wonder -what I was besnn for.' 

Epitaphs seemed to grow mr.r^ 
and more sarcastic. This one on i 
lawyer named Strange: 

"Here Ues an honest lawyer 
And that's Strange." 

An honest Miller drew this: 

"God worketh wonders now and then 
Here Ueg a Miller and an honest msr. 

Goldsmith wrote this on Li^ 
friend, Ned Purden, who follows 
the profession of a writer for pub- 
lishers : 

"Here lies poor Ned iPurden, frwn mi«r 

mo long waa a bookaeUer's back. 

T li!l.?"f?, ll^mn^We We In this world 
I dont think he'll want to come back." 

Who has not smiled over this old 

I^e lies a man, as God shall me save, 
mose mouth was wide, as Is his grive 
R^der tread lighUy o'er this sod- 
iFor H he gapes, you're gone, by " 

Here is one on the leader of a 
church choir: 

"Stephen and Time 

Are now both even; 
Stephen beat Time, 

Now Time's ibeat Stephen." 

On a tomb in Northamptonshire, 
England, are the following lines to 

S^ed to the memory of Martha Gwlim, 
Who was so very pure within. 
She bust this outer shell of akin 
And hatched herself a Cherubim.- 

On the tomb of a mother that 

u^^L ^^^® ™*^« *e heart of 
"Teddy R." beat with pride: 

"Some hare ohUdren. some haye none; 
Here Ilea the mother of twenty-one.' 

From Scotland: 

^n death no difference is made 
Betwixt the sceptre and the spade." 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Ker Keel: 

i . •* 



Under this sod lies John Round, 
Who was lost at sea, and never found. 

Gay, on himself: 

Life's a jest and all things show it; 
I thought so once, and now I know it. 

Here is one on a philosopher: 



Here I lie, at the chancel door, 
Here I lie because I'm «poor. 
The farther in the more to pay. 
But here I lie, as warm as they." 

This is from the tomb of the 

celebrated Ben Johnson: 


"O rare Ben Johnson." 

From the fantastic, and the queer 
and the profane, and the sarcastic 
we turn. The following are speci- 
mens of love, devotion and ex- 
amples of what is beautiful m epi- 
taphs: This one is on the poet, 
Burns: . ' 

"O Robbie Bums, the mon, the Brither, 
And art thou gone, and gone forever; 
And hast thou crossed the unknown river. 

Life's dreary bound. 
Go to your sculptured tombs, ye great. 

In a' the tinserd trash of State; 
But by thy honest turf 111 wait, 

Thou man of worth. 
And weep the sweetest poet's fate 

E'er lived on earth." 

On Mrs. Heman's tomb in St. 
Anne's church, Dublin. From a 
dirge written by herself: 

Here is another from 
English tombstone: 

an old 

"Poor Martha Snell, her's goed away; 
Her wouldn't have goed, but her couldn't 

iHer two sore legs "and a baddish cough, 
"But her legs it was as carried her off." 

Your great grandmothers were 
given continual reminders of death, 
the sudden taking off of your chil- 
dren was always being talked of 
before them and their literature 
was always morbid. Even in a later 
generation— and not so very late 
either, how many of you have 
wept over the ** Elsie Books'' and 
the **Wide, Wide^orldT'' 

The following is the pleasant sort 
of verse that was read daily to chil- 
dren in colonial households: 

"I, in the hurying place may see 

Graves shorter than I; 
From death's arrest no age is free. 

Young children, too, may die." 

"Calm on the bosom of thy God 

Tb.It spirit, rest thee now. 
E'en while on earth, thy footsteps trod. 

His Seal, was on thy hrow. 
Dust, to its narrow home beneath. 

Soul, to its rest on high; 
Those who have seen thy look in death. 

No more may fear to die." 

This majestic inscription, is on 
the tomb of the great Addison, who 
is buried next that of Lord 
Montague, his dearest friend, in 
Westminister Abbey, London. 

"N'er to these chambers, where the mighty 
rest — 
Since their foundation, came a nobler 
And n'er to the realm of Bliss conveyed, 
A fairer spirit, or more welcome shade. 
And art thou ^one? Then take our last 
And rest in peace, next thy loved Men* 

On a simple, but exquisite mar- 
ble shaft, reared by a devoted 
father to the memory of a dear 
daughter, in the old cemetery in 


,' • 

" /;>* f**:v*r « r>;n* iat i>*o»*i..!0-,ii. 

K..-.^ hr^jr'./Ur.^A, w.*& t.prTJt^ ear* 

T;.^H fforrj Watt: 

*'^/»if <1*7« »r^ llfcr^ Oj^ srraui^, 

</f, »U<5 U^ m//ni.rrff fl</w<5rr; 
If //f.* ftbarp v,U«t fC'nK^ ofr th« field 

It yiV.U*^% i& aa bo-ir/* 

ThiH i- to Uf fofjrKl on ^^\f^ tomb 
of IJi^' t)ow'rii(or l)u(']ifrrtH of Pem- 
broke- : 

"f'fi/1«rrn<rath thlii xabU h*?ariie, 

l>1*ri» th^ mMhct €tt all veru**; 
H',^u*^y% H\%^JhT, VHTnhrokfi'n mother 

f><'a>h, ere thou han ftlaln another 
yfttr an/) learned and K^>od aji fihe. 

Tlnu; nhall throw a dart at thee.** 


• • ^' 


■lencsr^ -- 

■w^^^* ^ ccii "»iu 5CS5es&g<t 3 





triiTU? to tie 
<ii:e, who vm« 
1^ ^. aza di^ ac 

There Ls, p^^-ri^irs, no more jl- 
mortal f-pitaph than that vr.r:-: 
by Theodore O'Hara. It vi5 ^t 
ten near the graves of tne 0:::^'-> 
erate dead, in the cemetery s: 
Frankfort, Kentuekv. It has rr^- 
used in nearlv everv ceiret-^y 
where rest the remains of the - • 
dier dead all over the world. ^-'^ 
can ever forget the words of t:*: 
** Bivouac of the Dead/' beginri:: 
with the verse: 

Thin \h a beautiful thought by 
th<» po^jt, QuarleH: 

'^iike the damaHk roue you »ee. 
Or like the bloMHom on the tree, 
C)r like th4* dainty flowem of May, 
Or like the morning of the day. 
Or like the nun, or like the fihade, 
Or like the Kourd which Jonas had; 
fOver no in man, whofie thread is spun, 
Dniwn out, and cut, and so Is done. 
Tlie roMe withers, the blossom blasteth, 
Th« flower fades, the morning hasteth. 
The sun sets, the shadow flies, 
The gourd consumes, and man, he dies. 



Tlioro Ih an impoHing monument 
in the garden of Newstead Abbey, 

On Fame's eternal camping ground. 
Their aflent tents are Hpi<*d 
And gioiy gnards with solemn round 
The BiTooac of the Dead.** 


Credit for manv of these epi- 
taphs is given to Mr. E. W. Tyrer, 
of Bournemouth, England. In fact. 
all the English epitaphs are from 
his observation during a period of 
thirty-five years of travel. In learn 
ing that I was also a collector of 
queer and striking epitaphs he gen- 
erously sent me his own uiiiqn^ 
compilation to go witTi mine. 

The Battle of Chickamauga. 

Kentucky Heroism in the Engagement. 

A Kentuckian Commemorates the Event in Verse. 




Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Birmingham, England, is this one, 
that for beauty cannot be excelled: 

"Her father's Love, her Benediction/' 

This epitaph can be found all 

over England, on the tombs of 

small children. It was written by 
Coleridge : 

"E'er ain could blight, or sorrow fade, 
Kind Proridence, with tender care. 

The opening bud to Heaven convoyed, 
And bade it blossom there." 

This from Watt: 

"Our days are like the grass. 

Or, like the morning flower; 
If one sharp (blast sweeps o'er the field 

It withers dn an hour." 

This is to be found on the tomb 
of the Dowager Duchess of Pem- 
broke : 

"Underneath this sable hearse, 

Lfies the subject of all verse; 
Sydney's Sister, Pembroke's mother 

Death, ere thou hast slain another 
Fair and learned and good as she. 

Time shall throw a dart at thee." 

This is a beautiful thought by 
the poet, Quarles: 

"Like the damask rose you see, 

Or like the blossom on the tree. 

Or like the dainty flowers of May, 

Or like the morning of the day. 

Or like the sun, or like the sf^ade. 

Or like the gourd which Jonas had; 

Elver so is man, whose thread is spun. 

Drawn out, and cut, and so is done. 

The rose withers, the blossom blasteth. 

The florwer fades, the morning hasteth, 

The sun sets, the shadow flies, 

The gourd consumes, and man, he dies." 

There is an imposing monument 
in the garden of Newstead Abbey, 

near the grave of Lord Byron^ that 
bears this following inscription, 
and is erected to the memory of 
Lord Byron's Newfoundland dog, 
* * Boatswain. ^ ' 

"Near thia spot, are deposited the re- 
mains of one who possessed <beauty without 
ranity; strength, without insolence, cour- 
age without ferocity; and all the virtues 
of man, without his vices. This praise. 
which would be unmeaning flattery, if io* 
scribed over human ashes, is but a just 
tribute to the memory of "Boatswain," a 
dog, who was bom in Newfoundland. May 
1803, and died at Newstead Abbey, NoTem- 
ber 18th. 1808." 

There is, perhaps, no more im- 
mortal epitaph than that written 
by Theodore 'Hara. It was vrn\- 
ten near the graves of the Confed- 
erate dead, in the cemetery at 
Frankfort, Kentucky. It has been 
used in nearly every cemetery 
where rest the remains of the sol- 
dier dead all over the world. T^o 
can ever forget the words of the 
** Bivouac of the Dead,'* beginning 
with the verse: 


On Fame's eternal camping ground, 
Their silent tents are spread. 
And glory guards with solemn round 
The Bivouac of the Dead." 

Credit for many of these epi- 
taphs is given to Mr. E. W. Tyrer, 
of Bournemouth, England. In fact, 
all the English epitaphs are from 
his observation during a period of 
thirty-five years of travel. In learn- 
ing that I was also a collector of 
queer and striking epitaphs he gen- 
erously sent me his own uniqnf 
compilation to go witTi mine. 

The Battle of Chickamauga. 

Kentucky Heroism in the Engagement. 

A Kentuckian Commemorates the Event in Verse. 




A Kentuckian Commemorates the Event in Verse. 

By George Baber. 

The battle of Chickamauga, 
fought in the vicinity of Chatta- 
nooga, ranks with the most severe 
engagements of the Civil War. On 
the Confederate side it was chiefly 
directed under the intrepid com- 
mand of Generals Bragg, Long- 
street, Breckinridge, Buckner and 
Bushrod Johnson; and on the side 
of the Union it was conducted with 
no less distinguished heroism by 
such leaders as Generals Thomas, 
Rosecrans, Buell, Crittenden, Mc- 
Cook and Croxton. The battle was 
prolonged through two days, Sat- 
urday and Sunday, September 19 
and 20, 1863. On the Confederate 
side a large number of Kentuckians 
bore a noteworthy part, including 
such valiant spirits as General Ben 
Hardin Helm, Major Bice E. 
Graves, Lieutenant Colonel James 
W. Hewitt, Colonel Joseph H. 
Lewis and Captain Peter V. Dan- 
iel, whose memory is cherished by 
Kentuckians everywhere. The name 
''Chickaaaauga,'* is cited in the 
earliest history of Tennessee, and 
according to tradition was a favor- 
ite battleground of the Indian tribes 

H. R.— 5 

who inhabited that portion of the 
State. It signifies '^ Death, ^' and 
is, tlierefore, peculiarly appro- 
priate to the scene of carnage which 
in 1863, added imperishable fame 
to the historic spot. 

This desperate and bloody con- 
flict has been commemorated in be- 
fitting verse by a Kentuckian— 
Joseph M. Tydings — ^who was a 
worthy participant. In September, 
1864, he was held as a Confederate 
prisoner in the military prison at 
Chattanooga, where, during his 
confinement, he wrote the follow- 
ing poem, which, being in the pres- 
ent writer *4S possession, is herfe of- 
fered as a valuable contribution 
to the poetic literature of the war. 
The lines were especially intended 
to celebrate the memorable charge 
made at Chickamauga by the First 
Kentucky Brigade, the author be- 
ing at the time a member of the 
Ninth Kentucky Infantry— that 
heroic command which contained 
many Kentuckians who, in the very 
shadow of death, w6n brilliant 
laurels on the field. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Here is given the poem complete, 


Madly is flowing the red tide of battle, 

Dark Chickamauga, thy shadows among, 
And true to thy legends, with fierce roar 
and rattle, 
The shadows of Death o'er thy bosom are 

See, up yon hiUslde a dark line is sweeping. 

Breasting the thick storm of grapeshot 

and shell; 

Shouting like demons o'er abattis leaping, 

Sons of Kentucky, ye charge them right 


tJp to the cannnon's mouth, on to the ram- 
Shoulder to shoulder in companionllKe 

Steel into steel flashing flerce in the sun- 
. light, 

"Pulsing out life-drops like wine from the 

Think they of far homes, once sunny and 
Now blackened and dreary, swept by the 
flame — 
Fair sisters and sweethearts — Qod pity the 
Wandering outcasts, with heads bowed 
in shame! 

Hark to the answer! That shout of de- 
Rings out like a knell above the fierce 
'Tis death without shrift to the dasUrdly 
And Heaven have i^ty on swc^etheart sad 

On, on, like a wave that engulphs, do they 

O'er rider and horse o'er dying and dead: 
Nor stop they till night— blessed night for 

the foo 
Her mantle of peace o'er the fallen hath 


The batttle is over; but wherfe is thy chief. 
The Bayard of battle, dauntless and 
There, cold and uncofllned, lies chivalrous 
Where Glory's mailed hand hath found 
him a grave. 

Where Hewitt and Daniel? Where trumpet 
voiced Graves? 
And where the brave men they gallantlj 

led? ^ , 

There, voiceless forever and areamiehs, 

they lie ^ . 

On the field they h^ve won, immortal 
though dead. 

Flow on. Chickamauga, in silence flow on 

Among the dun shadows that fall on tnj 

breast ; . 

These comrades In battle, aweary « 


Have halted them here by thy waters to 


The author of this poem became 
a physician after the war, and waN 
likewise, licensed to preach in tb^^ 
Methodist Church, of which de^ 
nomination his father, Eev. Kici 
ard Tydings, without seeking the 
, honor, came within one vote of be- 
' ing elected a Bishop, and was long 
an eminent minister, preaching the 
Gospel with eloquence and power 
at various points where he wa> 
stationed in Kentucky. Dr. Tnl 
ings is a sundving veteran of th^ 
great struggle, and now resides m 
Louisville. He devotes his time 
mainly to charitable labors amont: 
the poor and needy of that city, do 
ing for humanity a work that rivals 
his gallant services to the Lost 

The battle which this fine poens 
commemorates was rated amon? 
the greatest military events o' 
modern times by General H. * 
Boynton, of Ohio, who was a no- 
table participant, and who, w ' 
valuable and interesting voluf 
written by him and entitled a "tti^ 
torical Guide to the National Mil^ 
tary Park at Chattanooga aii'i 
Chickamauga," says: 

"The battle of Chickamauga*" 
one of the best illustrations of ti? 

Regittor of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 


pluck, endurance, and prowess of 
the American Soldier which the 
War afforded. * * * Its strat- 
egy win always be notable in the 
history of wars. So far as the oc- 
cupation of the field is concerned 
it was a Confederate victory. Con- 
sidering the objects of the Cam- 
paign, it was a Union triumph.*^ 

The reader will readily concede 
that Dr. Tydings' soul-stirring 
stanzas richly deserve to be perpet- 
uated in conjunction with a his- 
tory of the great battle itself. It 
furnishes a brilliant chapter in the 
annals of Kentucky's part in the 
Civil War. 

Elxtracts From the Messages of Governor 
Desha — Resolutions of the General 
Assembly, Reports of Committees, etc., 
Relative to the Visit of General LaFayette 
to Frzuikort, and to the Painting of 
LaFayette*s Portrait by Jouett 


Nov. 1, 1824. 

The scene which now is exhibit- 
ing in the eastern states, on the ar- 
rival upon our shores, of General 
Lafayette, the uniform friend of 
liberal institutions, the early cham- 
pion of our liberties, and the com- 
panion of Washington, is without 
a parallel in the history of nations, 
and gives to the friends of liberty 
in Europe, the pleasing consola- 
tion, that, although free institu- 
tions have been there for a time 
suppressed by the power of the 
Holy Alliance, the fire still burns 
in America with a pure flame, which 
cannot fail, in the progress of 
years, to have a salutary influence 
on all mankind. I need not tfll 
you with what pleasure I shall ac- 
cord with any measure adopted by 
you to honor this distinguished 
stranger, and swell the volume of 
a nation's gratitude. Surely he will 
not fail to visit the new world, 
which has sprung into existence on 
this side the Alleghanies since he 
fought on the Atlantic border, and 
witness with his own eyes how 
widely and how rapidly the tree of 
liberty is extending its branches. 

Resolutions Requesting the Gov- 
EBNOB TO Invite General La- 

Fayette to Visit the State of 

The select committee to whom 
was referred so much of the Gover- 
nor 's message as relates to the in- 
vitation of General LaFayelle to 
this State, as the ' ''Nation's 
Guest,'' have had the same under 
consideration, and now beg leave 
to make the following report: 

Under a profound conviction that 
the right of the people, in a state 
of civil society, to govern them- 
selves has the sanction of principles 
of eternal fitness ; that the freedom 
of the people consists alone in the 
exercise of this right ^ and that in 
order to maintain it irom the en- 
croachments to which it is liable, 
and the degeneracy to which, like 
every other human good, it is in- 
cident, the people who enjoy it 
should cherish those trains of 
thought and cultivate those affec- 
tions of heart, which most kindly 
associate with their best exercise. 
Upon this principle the people of 
the United States commemorate the 
fourth of July; the day on which 
their fathers made a solemn 


Register of the Kentucky 8tote Historical Society. 

declaration of their right to govern 
themselves, and appealed to 
Heaven for its justice; the day 
which gave date to that perilous 
and memorable struggle, which 
terminated in the achievement of 
this great and inherent right, and 
in its recognition by its enemies. 
Hence that reverence for the char- 
acter and memory of Washington, 
throughout America, and ajmong 
the votaries of freedom in every 
climo, and which is bounded only 
by the line which separates devo- 
tion from idolatry. 

Their love for Washington was 
a compound of the strongest and 
clearest perceptions of which the 
rights of man are susceptible, and 
the purest affection of which the 
human heart is capable. He had 
been the successful champion of 
liberty; he had conquered its eme- 
mies, and displayed in the pwcejss 
that excellence of moral character, 
which well consorted with the 
purity and sublimity of the prin- 
ciples for which he contended. His 
name, now that he is gone, awakens 
in the minds of his countrvmen, and 
will, it is hoped, ever continue to 
do so, those trains of thought, and 
those recollections which asso- 
ciate the past with the present, 
and exhibit the great principles for 
which he and his compatriots suf- 
fered and bled, in the most animat- 
ing and consolatory aspect. 

The love that is felt for Wash- 
ington, is the devotion of the peo- 
ple of the United States to civil 
liberty. His life and services had 
identified him with its most sacred 
principles; they had been conse- 
crated by the toils, the sufferings 

and the blood of the most distin- 
guished patriots. The veneration in 
which his memory is held, is but 
the homage of intellect to prin- 
ciple. It is the streams of reason 
and affection, flowing confluently 
in the channel of principle, through- 
out the regions in which the tree 
of liberty grows, moistening* the 
roots, strengthening the growth, 
and deejjening the verdure of that 
consecrated tree. The name of Gen- 
eral LaFayette is associated with 
that of Washington, and 'of the 
patriots of the American revolu- 
tion. His name is incorporated 
with theirs, among them, and in a 
state of juxtaposition to Wash- 
ington. He enjoys the affection and 
admiration of the citizens of the 
United States. His posture in the 
galaxy of those worthies who 
achieved immortality, by their de- 
votion to the cause of civil liberty 
and the rights of man, is conspicu- 
ous and impressive, rendered more 
so by his alien contour and costume 
and by his long protracted and ac- 
cumulated sufferings, in the cause 
of humanity and liberty. His fame 
is in the care of history and poster- 
ity; he still lives, and is now, 
through the indulgence of Heaven, 
encircled by the affections of ten 
millions of freemen, with whoso 
sires and for whose freedom he 
fought and bled. The United State? 
are, at this moment, in the glow of 
gratitude which they feel and dis- 
play towards that illustrious in- 
dividual, exhibiting to the world a 
spectacle, which, while it appals 
tyranny, is calculated to cheer and 
invigorate freedom. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


The people of Kentucky are no 
less enthusiastic in their love of 
liberty, than their brethren of the 
Atlantic States. Kentucky was an 
almost unpervaded and entirely an 
unsubdued wilderness, when the 
Marquis LaFayette nobly volun- 
teered and generously bled in the 
cause of freedom. His name and 
deeds are incorporated in and 
identified with the history of its 
achievement; it is associated in- 
separably and indelibly with the 
knowledge and feeling which the 
people of Kentucky have of their 
rights. They love and delight to 
honor the man in the degree in 
which they perceive, feel and appre- 
ciate those rights, and that is to 
the extent of their consciousness 
of them. They want to see and dis- 
play towards this most excellent 
man, the grateful sensations which 
they feel; and they wish him to 
see, in the cultivated plains of Ken- 
tucky, and in her free institutions, 
some of the fruits of his co-opera- 
tion in the hallowed cause of lib- 
erty, with Washington and the 
other patriots of tEe American 
revolution : Wherefore, 

Resolved by the General Assem- 
bly of the Commonwealth of Ken- 
tucky, That the Governor be, and 
he is hereby requested to forward 
to General LaFayette, in the name 
of the good people, an appropriate 
invitation to visit the State of Ken- 
tucky; and upon the invitation be- 
ing accepted, as it is hoped it will, 
to direct and superintend the man- 
ned- of his reception as the guest of 
this State. 

Eesolved further, That in the 
event the General accepts of said 

invitation, the Governor, to defray 
the expenses of his reception, shall 
be permitted to draw upon the 
Treasurer for any sum^which shall 
be necessary for that purpose. 

(Approved, November 17, 1824.) 

Frankfort, Ky., Nov. 22, 1824. 
General LaFayette, 

Sir:— The Legislature of Ken- 
tucky acting in accordance with the 
feelings and wishes of the people 
of the State, authorize me in their 
name to invite you to come and 
partake of their hospitality. I have 
the honor to enclose certain resolu- 
tions on this subject, concurred in 
unanimously, expressing the deep 
sense entertained of your worth, 
of your valuable service to our in- 
fant Republic, and of your con- 
stant devotion to Liberty. The part 
you took in the American Revolu- 
tion, in the glorious struggle for in- 
dependence, your gallant and gen- 
erous conduct throughout its try- 
ing scenes, are recollected with 
gratitude, and indelibly impressed 
on the hearts of all. In this retro- 
spect we admire your brilliant 
achievements, and delight in con- 
templating the pure and sublime 
motive which enlisted you in the 
cause of freedom; we see the ef- 
forts of a noble mind, rising above 
prejudice and looking forward with 
enlightened forecast to the suc- 
cess, in a distant and obscure col- 
ony, of that moral power which 
was destined to give a new direc- 
tion and character to political in- 
stitutions, and to improve and en- 
large the sphere of human happi- 


Register of the Kentucky 8tate Hietorlcal Society. 

ness. Penetrated with these views 
and filled with gratitude at the 
recollections they awaken, we re- 
joice in common with our fellow 
citizens at your arrival in the 
United States, and are anxious to 
see and welcome to our homes the 
companion of Washington. It is 
fondly hoped, and confidently an- 
ticipated, that .you will -visit this 
country, and look upon the new 
world that has risen like enchant- 
ment from the wilderness since you 
fought on the Atlantic border. You 
will see in the rapid growth and 
improvement of our State, new 
evidence of the success of those 
principles you so nobly contended 
for, and the countless blessings we 
enjoy under that Eepublican form 
of government you so eminently 
contributed to establish. Permit 
me to assure you on behalf of my 
fellow citizens that no event of the 
kind could give them greater pleas- 
ure than your arrival in this State. 
They are anxious to greet you in 
person, and testify their affection 
by offering the tribute due from 
grateful hearts to the nation's 

With sentiments of profound re- 
spect, and affectionate regard, 

I am, Sir, 
Your obedient servant, 
Joseph Desha. 

Gen. LaFayette, 
City of Washington. 

Preamble and Resolution For 
Procuring A Portrait or Gen- 
eral LaFayette. 

Whilst the people of the United 
States are testifying their gratitude 

for the distinguished and gener- 
ous services of General LaFayette, 
in the American revolution, the 
people of Kentucky i^ould gladly 
co-operate in handing down to pos- 
terity, the fame, and in preserving 
a likeness of the man whose gener- 
ous devotion to the cause of free- 
dom and liberal principles in two 
hemispheres, have been so con- 
spicuously displayed. 

A portrait of the man is calcu- 
lated to call up the associate ideas 
of the talents and virtues by which 
he acquired his great reputation, 
and to increase and strengthen the 
moral effects and advantages re- 
sulting from the great principles 
A\ith which his fame is connected. 

Every citizen of Kentucky is 
eager to look at LaFayette. In 
viewing him, the glory of our coun- 
try, the principles of the revolu- 
tion, the greatness of the object, 
tlie toils, anxieties, constancy and 
patriotism, employed in the pur- 
suit of it, and the precious value of 
liberty, are kindred ideas. 

A man born and nurtured in 
Kentucky, grown in its forests and 
canebrakes, by force of his native 
genius, exerted under the benign 
influence of free government and 
equal rights, has distinguished 
himself in the art of painting. Sucli 
an artist is an appropriate instru- 
ment to be employed by Kentucky 
in preserving a likeness of LaFay- 
ette, and in testifying her grati- 
tude for his services, which have so 
eminently contributed to bring 
forth that political freedom, inde- 
})endence and sovereignty as a 
State, which she enjoys in common 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


with the rest of the United States : 

Resolved by the General Assem- 
hlv of the Commonwealth of Kep 
tucky, That the Governor be re- 
quested, and he is hereby author- 
ized for and on behalf of this 
State, to employ Matthew H. 
Jouett, to take a full length portrait 
of General LaFayette. 

Resolved, That the Governor be 
requested to cause these resolu- 
tions to be made known to General 
LaFayette, accompanied by an 
earnest solicitation Ion behaif of 
this General Assembly, that he will 
permit Mr. Jouett to take the por- 

Resolved, That the portrait, 
when taken, shall be placed in the 
Representative hall of this State, 
there to be preserved as a memento 
of the high regard in which the 
State holds the services of that 
illustrious man, and of the devo- 
tion of the good people of this 
State, to the principles which his 
distinguished services contributed 
to establish. 

(Approved January 12, 1825.) 

Frankfort, Ky., Feb. 3, 1825. 

Mr. M. H. Jouett. 

Sir : — Enclosed are certain 
Resolutions of the Legislature of 
this State relative to a portrait of 
General LaFayette. Pursuant to a 
request contained in these Resolu- 
tions, I now, on behalf of the State, 
employ you to execute that por- 
trait, and desire that the same may 
be done as early as practicable 
consistently with your convenience. 

From recent information it is pre- 
sumed that General LaFayette will 
remain in Washington City until 
some early time in the month of 
March, if so, you will perhaps 
have sufficient time to execute the 
portrait in that city. Should you de- 
termine to proceed there, you will 
bear the enclosed letter to General 
LaFayette. It encloses a copy of 
the Resolutions, and contains a re- 
quest that he will permit the por- 
trait to be taken, with a notice that 
you are the person employed to 
execute it. 

The compensation for the pic- 
ture when finished will be left with 
the Legislature, whose judgment 
in graduating it according to the 
excellence of the performance, it is 
presumed your talent in your pro- 
fession, and confidence in its liber- 
ality will not object. 

With great respect, I am 
Your obedient servant, 
Joseph Desha. 

Frankfort, Ky., Feb. 3, 1825. 

General LaFayette, 

Sir: — The Legislature of the 
State, anxious to testify the high 
regard in which its constituents 
hold your exertions in the cause of 
liberty, and desirous to perpetuate 
as far as possible the genial in- 
fluence w-hich your presence among 
us is calculated to have upon our 
sentiments, by renewing our recol- 
lections of the thraldom which, bv 
your aid, our ancestors struggled 
into freedom, have desired me 
earnestly to solicit that you will 
permit your portrait 'to be taken 


fleglstor of the Kentucky 8t»ti HIeliorleal •ooMy. 

for its use. Its Resolutions upon 
this subject I have the honor to en- 
close. They breathe the feeling not 
only of the Legislature, but of the 
people, whose organ it is, who will 
feel happy in the opportunity which 
your consent will afford, of trans- 
mitting to posterity the image of 
the person w^hose services in the 
war of the Revolution next to those 
of the immortal father of his coun- 
try, most demand their gratitude. 

The bearer of this letter, Mr. M. 
H. Jouett, is the artist mentioned 
in the Resolutions, whom pursuant 
to the request contained therein, I 
have employed to execute the work. 
His talent for painting, which is 
equaled only by the purity of his 
mind and the urbanity of his man- 
ners, leaves no room to doubt, that 
should you yield to the wishes of 
the State, he will do ample justice 
to his subject. 

With sentiments of the most pro- 
found esteem and respect, I am, t^ir 
Your obedient servant, 

Joseph Desha, 

General LaFayette, 
City of Washington. 

State of Kentucky. 

Executive Department. 

April 8th, 1825. 

Sir :— Presuming that General 
LaFavette will visit this State 
though no answer has been re- 
ceived to the invitation given him, 
I have selected the following gen- 
tlemen to act as a committee of ar- 
rangements to fix and superintei:d 
the manner of his reception, viz. : 

Gen. John Adair, 

Lieut. Governor Robt. B. Mc- 

Gen. Robt. Breckenridge. 
Hon. W. T. Barry, 
Col. James Johnson, 
Hon. Jesse Bledsoe, 
Gen. Thos. Bodley, 
Hon. J. J. Crittenden, 
Hon. Geo. M. Bibb, 
Hon. Solomon P. Sharp, 
Col. Chas. S. Todd, 
Maj. Jas. W. Denney, 
Capt. John Mason, Jr. 
I have the honor to be, &c. 

Joseph Deshjl. 
Each one mentioned. 

To General Samuel South, 
Treasurer of Kentucky: 

The Committee appointed for the 
reception and accommodation of 
General LaFayette, have certified 
to me that to meet the expenses in- 
curred under the resolution of the 
Legislature, the sum of $5,000.00 
will now be necessary to be plaoal 
to their credit. You are hereby 
directed, in obedience to said 
Eesolution, so far as I am author- 
ized by the same, to pay to the gen- 
tlemen of the Committee, appointed 
by me under the foregoing resolu- 
tion, the said sum of $5,000.(HJ, 
which is to be applied to the pur- 
pose contemplated by the Legisla- 
ture in their said Resolution. 

Given under my hand, at Frank- 
fort, this the 7th of May, 1825. 

Joseph Desha. 

Frankfort Ky., June 5th, 18^3. 

Samuel South, Esq., 

Treasurer of the State of Ken- 

Sir: — It appears from a letter 
received from the Conamittee of 
Arrangements, appointed by me. 

Register of the Kentucky 8tate HIetorlcal Society. 


to make preparation for the recep- 
tion and entertainment of General 
LaFayette, that a further sum of 
Three Thousand and Eighty-six 
Dollars is necessary to be placed at 
the disposal of the Committee to 
defray the expenses in the recep- 
tion and entertainment of the 
Staters guest. You are therefore, 
by virtue of the power vested in 
me by the Eesolution of the last 

General Assembly, requesting the 
Governor to invite Gen. LaFayette 
to visit the State of Kentucky, 
authorized to pay over to the 
Committee of Arrangements three 
thousand and eighty-six dollas to 
be applied to the purpose above 

Joseph Desha. 







We enter upon the new year 
with bright hopes for the future of 
our Society; and those charged 
with the responsibility of its man- 
agement rejoice that this is true. 
There is an especial reason why 
the prospect is gratifying and that 
is that the Society has become 
more generally known and appre- 
ciated at home; and by '^home" 
we mean Kentucky. This recogni- 
tion may have been a little tardy, 
but this is the usual experience of 
those who labor for the public 
good, and we have not let it dis- 
courage us. 

It is very encouraging to have 
those who are benefited by the work 
of the Society show their apprecia- 
tion of the labors of its founders. 
And. we hope during this good year 
of 1913 to still further merit the 
approval of a generous public. As 
our wealth of books, works of art 
and rare historic relics increases 
the wider will be the scope of the 
Society's usefulness and its capac- 
ity for instruction. 

Each new year helps us to 
greater success; we therefore wel- 
come this new year and through the 
Register wish that it may be both 
a prosperous and happy one to all 
our readers, to all the friends of 
the Society and to all the people of 
the Commonwealth. 

(Lucretius 11, 1, 13.) 

When tempests sweep the ihoundless sea, 

'Tls sweet to seek some sheltered nook 

And cast a sympathetic look. 

On ills from which ourselves are free; 

Or when, upon some distant field, 

Embattl'd hosts in combat close — 

'Tis sweet, when one, in safety, knows 

He hath no need of helm or shield; — 

But sweeter far when one may gaze 

From heights uprear'd by human skill 

— From Learning's seats, high, strong, and 

And note man's drear and devious ways; — 
The quest for paths denied by fate, 
The clash of minds, the claims of race 
The ceaseless rush for power and place 
And ruling honours of the State! 

— T. B. P. 

We are indebted, for the transla- 
tion above, to that gifted scholar 
and physician of Maysville, Dr. 
Thos. E. Pickett, who lives in a 
sheltered nook, above **the clash 
of minds, the claims of race.'^ — 
(Ed. Register.) 

We acknowledge receipt of a 
very cordial invitation from the 
California Historical and Genea- 
logical Society to attend the Pan- 
ama Exposition at San Francisco 
in 1915. This honor is duly appre- 
ciated and we trust it may be pos- 
sible to have our Society repre- 
sented at the Exposition. 

H. R.— e 


Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 


The Kentucky State Historical 
Society has ordered a large photo- 
graph of the members of the 
House of Representatives, 1912, 
as a body, to be handsomely framed 
and hung in its rooms in grateful 
acknowledgement of the witty 
and eloquent defense by certain 
members of the right of the Society 
under its charter to its rooms in the 
new Capitol, also the beautiful 
compliments paid the Society, as 
an ** honor to the State and the 
adornment of the present Capitol/' 
This particular speech brought 
down the house with applause, and 
the offending bill was tabled at 
once. The Society remains ''in 

statu quo/' 

Let Boston take care of her old 
Capitol, and Philadelphia do the 
same. Their histories are in their 
relics, we know ^11 about them. But 
we prefer a new Capitol for our 
beautiful things. They are un- 
stained by greed, graft or theft. 
They are not as old as the world, 
but old enough to be historic and 
interesting to Kentuckians for 
whom they are gathered. 


Among the most notable relics 
contributed to our souvenir cases 
is the one given by Mrs. Henry 
Boteler, Albert Sidney Johnston 
Chapter, U. D. C. It is a piece of 
the Federal flag which waved from 
the Capitol dome at Frankfort, in 
1862, when the city surrendered to 
Col. Scott of Louisiana, of the C. 
S. A. The captured flag was cut in 
pieces for souvenirs. 



We learn from a reliable source 
that after the victory at Put-in 
Bay, a silver medal was given to 
the Pennsylvanians who fought on 
Perry's ships. It seems that the 
Kentuckians were not so honored, 
and that six Pennsylvanians were 
among the Kentuckians whose 
names were in the list published in 
the Register 1911, as given by the 
Historian, A. C. Quisenberry. 

The Pennsylvanians were: Lou- 
don Cochran, William Henry, 
Thomas Luft, Samuel Kenney, 
Freeman West. Taking these 
names from the list, leaves 99 Ken- 
tuckians who served on Perry's 
ships in Perry's victory, without 
silver medals, or^any recognition, 
save that patriotism and courage, 
like virtue, is its own reward. 

Carroll County's Tree in the 
State Arboretum. 

Anent the pretty souvenir from 
the Historical Society arranged 
by Mrs. Morton and styled '* Arbor 
Day at the Capitol," which em- 
braces the very instructive and 
beautiful addresses made on Arbor 
Day at the Capitol, with a splendid 
picture of the Capitol as a frontis- 
piece. Certainly the following 
notice of Carroll County's tree, a 
hickory tree, for the arboretum, 
planted by J. Tandy Ellis, would 
have graced its pages had it 
reached the souvenir in time. It is 
a prose-poem, set *4n the primrose 
bloom of morning stars" and will 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


hallow the hickory tree; and the 
name of the county that gave it. 

In a communication to County 
Judge F. P. Sebree, of Carroll, con- 
cerning the county *s tree in the 
State arboretum in the State, Col. 
J. Tandy Ellis, who planted it said : 

'*I planted the shell-bark hickory 
yesterday in the most picturesque 
spot on the Capitol grounds, upon 
a high knoll overlooking the Ken- 
tucky river, where it will stand 
through the changing years like a 
sentinel, fronting the rtream which 
flows by the county from whence it 
came ; and in the far, far away days 
to come, when soft breezes are 
touching the grass above our for- 
gotten tombs, perchance the chil- 
dren will gather here when spring 
is come and it is as sweet as an 
April day in Andalusia, and gather- 
ing under this tree, it will extend 
a welcome with its spreading 
branches — a welcome of Ca;rroU; 
and could there ever be one on this 
earth that is heartier or more sin- 
cere. Standing here above the 
stream, overlooking this valley as 
beautiful as a vale of Tempo, it 
will catch the first diamond drops 
and sunbeams which make glad the 
perfumed air of dawn. The sun will 
linger here with a long, reluctant, 
amorous delay, and the branches 
of this tree will mingle in the af ter- 
f^low of sunset and the primrose 
bloom of the first stars, until the 
pallor of the moonrise shoots the 
eastern horizon and plays tenderly 
upon the outlines of the rugged 
hills. Here in the autumn the squir- 
rels will come and gather their win- 
ter food, and bring down the golden 
brown nuts. The lovers, seeking 

the blissful quietude of paradise, 
will join their heart songs here. 
The aged head of frosted silver 
will recline here and dream of the 
happier days when life was one 
grand, sweet song. Statesmen will 
stand here and review the great 
achievements of a splendid life, 
and meditate upon the theme that 
**the paths of glory lead but to the 
grave," and whosoever they may 
be that come, they will stand be- 
neath a tree transplanted from the 
soil of one of the best counties that 
God ever smiled upon — a county 
loved by everyone who has wan- 
dered away and by those who have 
remained — Old Carroll." 


(State Journal.) 

Governor McCreary yesterday 
issued a Thanksgiving Proclama- 
tion, in which he designates Thurs- 
day, the twenty-eighth day of No- 
vember, as Thanksgiving Day, and 
calls upon the people of this State 
to give thanks for the rich harvests, 
productive industries and other 
blessings which they have enjoyed 
during the past year. 

The proclamation follows: 

**With love and veneration, we 
should /offer praise and thanks to 
God for the manifold blessings 
conferred upon us, and unite in 
earnest supplication for their con- 

**The year now drawing to a 
close has been conspicuous and 
notable. Our Republic has been at 


Register of the Kentucky State HIttorlcal Society. 

peace with the whole world; our 
State has had rich harvests, pro- 
ductive industries, happy and con- 
tented people, abundance at home 
and overflowing markets; law and 
order have been preserved; the 
glorious heritage of self-govern- 
ment has not been impaired, but 
strengthened; and wherever we 
may look or whatever we may think, 
we have abundant cause for satis- 
faction and for gratitude to God. 

** Wherefore, I, James B. Mc- 
Creary, Governor of the Common- 
Avealth of Kentucky, designate 
Thursday, the twenty-eighth day of 
November, 1912, as Thanksgiving 
Day, and call upon all the people 
of Kentucky to give thanks and 
praise to God for the blessings He 
has (Conferred upon us, and to hum- 
bly beseech a continuance of His 
great mercies. 

'*In testimony whereof, I have 
caused these letters to be made pat- 
ent, and the seal of the Common- 
wealth of Kentucky, to be hereunto 
aflixed. Done at Frankfort, the 
twelfth day of November, in the 
Year of Our Lord, one thousand 
nine hundred and twelve, and in 
the one hundred and twenty-first 
year of the Commonwealth. 

''James B. McCreary, 

' ' Governor. 
*'C. F. Crecelius, 

''Secretary of State. 
"W. L. Geiger, Asst. Sec. State." 

We are often amused at the sharp 
replies that women teachers give 
men, when they undertake a piece 
of sage advise to women or a cut 

at them for aspiring to do the high 
and mighty things men can do, and 
for that matter should do. In let- 
ters to the Outlook we find the fol- 
lowing reply. It is bright and 
forcible. We deplore the nesessity 
for women to teach school other 
than in the first school, which is the 
home. We know the first teacher is 
the mother; that is the right kind 
of wife and mother. But in this age 
of the world all women cannot find 
suitable husbands and therefore 
they must fiiJd refined and suitable 
employment. Why not! Personal 
independence in women is a foe to 
matrimony. One may train a stu- 
dent in books, but love must train 
the wife and mother. But read this 
teacher's letter.— (Ed. The Regis- 

the high school teacher. 

As a teacher in one of our city 
high schools, I should like to take 
exception to several statements 
made by Professor Chase in The 
Outlook of July 27. 

The best of our high schools now 
require their teachers to have col- 
lege training and previous exper- 
ience in teaching. As ability (not 
sex) is the chief requisite, and as 
w^omen as well as men have ** ex- 
perience of life,'' it is plain to be 
seen that the former can fill the 
requirements of being a high school 
teacher quite as well as the latter. 
The degree of "sympathy with 
young people'' felt by teachers de- 
pends upon the individual; never- 
theless, it might be assumed that, 
upon the whole, women teachers 
possess at least as much of this de- 
sirable quality as men teachers. 

Register of the Kentucky State Hittorlcel Society. 


Professor Chase says: ''Boards 
of education not uncommonly are 
pleased to fill such positions with 
seven-hundred-dollar inexperienced 
girls. * * * The only person who 
should be thus employed is the man 
or, in rarer cases, the woman 
who makes teaching a life profes- 
sion.*' Boards do, indeed, make a 
mistake in offering only seven hun- 
dred dollars for such work, but 
why such positions should be rare- 
ly offered to women I fail to see. 
On account of the narrow, old- 
fashioned policy which still pre- 
vails in most of our Eastern cities 
of making women ineligible for the 
higher positions, the schools are 
losing some of their best teachers. 
The fact that women are taking 
advantage of the larger opportuni- 
ties in other professions and in 
business life shows Ihe policy to be 
a shortsighted one which fails to 
offer the same opportunities for ad- 
vancement to both men and women 

It seems as though Professor 
Chase does not sufficiently appre; 
ciate the faithful work done by 
women teachers when he says: 
^'The admitted prime motive for 
such a person being in the profes- 
sion is to acquire temporary self- 
support and the means of attract- 
ing a suitable life companion." 
Even acquiring ''temporary self- 
support" is not an unworthy ambi- 
tion. When it is found, upon in- 
vestigation, as was lately the case 
in one of our largest cities, that 
one-third of the women teachers, 
besides supporting themselves, had 
others dependent upon them, it 
looks as though many women did 

not have much of a chance at being 
only ' ' temporarily self-support- 

Another condition which makes 
a great number of women teachers 
permanently self-supporting is 
that they enter the profession be- 
lieving that they have the qualities 
of a good teacher and thinking of 
marriage only as a possibility in 
case th^y should be fortunate 
enough to meet a suitable compan- 
ion. They expect, as high-minded 
women today do, the same moral 
standard in men they would marry 
that they require of themselves, 
which makes their chances of "at- 
tracting a suitable companion ' ' less 
likely. It seems as though men, who 
use teaching merely as a stepping- 
stone to other professions, were the 
temporary teachers and women the 
permanent ones. 

Gradually, as women's work 
comes to be better understood and 
more highly appreciated, boards of 
education will offer equal pay for 
equal work, and equal opportuni- 
ties for all teachers ; and our great 
universities will be glad to secure 
the services of many valuable 
teachers who are now overlooked. 

A. C. B. 


Otto A. Rothert, of Louisville, 
who has been for the past five years 
patiently accumulating and investi- 
gating the material for a History 
of Muhlenberg County, will soon 
have his manuscript ready for the 
printer. Mr. Rothert is compiling 


Register of the Kentucky 8Ute Historical Society. 

this book solely for the pleasure of 
of the work. Judging from the 
table of contents and that part of 
his manuscript which we have seen, 
we feel justified in saying that his 
will be the most elaborate and best 
illustrated history of any Ken- 
tucky county ever published. 

There are about 500 pages, 
divided into thirty chapters and 
ten' appendices, illustrated with 
about 175 pictures and three maps. 
He gives a description of the old 
militia muster and goes into the de- 
tails of other phases of life in the 
olden days. One chapter is entitled 
*'Some of the Firstcomers." There 
is one on Muhlenberg men in the 
War of 1812 and another on the 
Mexican War; two on the county's 
part in the Civil War. R. T. Mar- 
tin, of Greenville, has contributed 
two sketches giving his recollec- 
tions of Muhlenberg County during 
the Civil War and the years im- 
mediately preceding and following. 
One chapter is devoted to the career 
of James Weir, who was a pioneer 
merchant in the Green River Coun- 
try; one to Charles Fox Wing, 
who was the county's first county 
and circuit court clerk and who, for 
over fifty years, served in that 
double capacity; one to Edward 
Eumsey, who did much toward up- 
holding the claim of his uncle, 
James Rumsey, as the first in- 
ventor of the steamboat. Among the 
many other men regarding whom 
Mr. Rothert will publish much new 
matter that will be of more than 
local interest are : Judge Alney Mc- 
Lean, after whom McLean County 
is named and who, up to the time of 
his death in 1841, was one of the 

best known men in western Ken- 
tucky; General Simon Bolivar 
Buckner, who spent part of iiis 
youth in Muhlenberg County and 
went to West Point Military Acad- 
emy from there in 1840; General 
Don Carlos Buell, who lived in the 
county from 1866 to 1898 when he 
died at his home on Green River. 
Among some of the other chapters 
are those on the abandoned Buck- 
ner Furnace, the Deserted Village 
of Airdrie, the coal mines, tobacco, 
the schools and local literature. 

This is the first and only history 
of Muhlenberg County that has 
ever been written, as the short 
sketch of the county contained in 
Collins' History of Kentucky can 
hardly be considered as such. 

Any one having any old letters, 
newspapers, pictures or other data 
bearing directly or indirectly on 
the people or history of this county 
will confer a favor on Mr. Rothert 
(132 East Gray St., Louisville, 
Ky.) by conmaunicating with him 
at once, for his manuscript will 
,soon be turned over to the printer. 

We give below table of contents 
of the forthcoming history: 

bothbbt's history of mtjhlenbebg 





1. Some of the Firstcomers. 

2. Henry Bhoads. 

3. The Beginning and the 
Bounds of the County. 

4. Courts and Courthouses. 

Register of the Kentucky 8tete HIeterlcal Society. 


5. The Weirs. 

6. Muhlenberg Men in the War 
of 1812. 

7. Edward Bumsey. 

8. Life in the Olden Days. 

9. The Pond Biver Country. 

10. Review of **Lonz Powers.'^ 

11. Greenville as Recalled by the 
Author of **Lonz Powers.'* 

12. The Old Militia Muster. 

13. The Story of the Stack. 

14. Muhlenberg Men in the Mex- 
ican War. 

15. The Reverend Isaac Bard. 

16. Post-Primary Education. 

17. Annals of Airdrie. 

18. Charles Eaves. 

19. The Civil War. 

20. R. T. Martin's Recollections 
of the Civil War. 

21. In 1870. 

22. The Railroad Bonds. 

23. Tobacco. 

24. Iron Ore and Coal Mines. 

25. Collins on the History of 
Muhlenberg County. 

26. General Muhlenberg. 

bothebt's histoby op mtjhlenbbbg 


A. Hall's Story of the Harpes. 

B. Trip to New Orleans in 1803 
by pioneer James Weir. 

C. ^'A Visit to the Faith Doc- 
tor," published in 1836, by Edward 
R. Weir, Sr. 

D. **A Deer Hunt,'' published 
in 1839, by Edward R. Weir, Sr. 

E. Duvall's Discovery, in 1851, 
of *' Silver Ore," by R. T. Martin. 

F. Old Liberty Church, by R. 
T. Martin. 

G. Riding the Circuit, by Judge 
L. P. Little. 

H. Colonel S. P. Love. 

I. General Don Carlos Buell, 
by Colonel J. Stoddard Johnston. 

J. The Muse in Muhlenberg. 


(State Journal.) 

That the work of the regent of 
the Kentucky Historical Society, 
Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, is meeting 
with flattering recognition was evi- 
denced lately, when a request came 
from far away Peru, South Amer- 
ica, for a membership certificate 
and subscription for the B^gister. 
This request was from Mr. Otto 
Holstein, formerly of Lexington, 
Ky., who, through the enthusiasm 
of the United States Minister to 
Peru, Judge H. Clay Howard, for- 
merly of Paris, and an ardent mem- 
ber of the Historical Society, be- 
came so interested that he has writ- 
ten Mrs. Morton that he not only 
desires to join, but to ^become a life 
member of the society. 

Mr * Holstein is connected with 
the government' of Peru, and has 
been a resident of that country for 
many years, but it is evident that 
his love for his old Kentucky home 
has not been forgotten in his loyalty 
to the country of his adoption. He 
writes that he has been much inter- 
ested in reading the Begister, which 
is on exchange with a number of 
publications of Lima, in which city 
he resides. He also wrote Mrs. 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Morton that Judge Howard is col- 
lecting relics and Tnca curios for a 
cabinet, which he intends to pre- 
sent to the society iPor exhibition in 
the Historical rooms in the new 

Numerous other requests both 
for membership certificates and for 
the Register, are daily received by 
Mrs. Morton, who now has the Reg- 
ister on exchange not only ''in every 
State in the Union, in Canada, Par- 
aguay, Uruguay, Peru, S. A., but 
in pjugland, Ireland, Germany, 
Italy and Alsace Lorraine and this 
magazine, which has done more to 
preserve the fragments of Ken- 
tucky's history than any other 
publication, is gaining a wide repu- 
tation, under Mrs. Morton's able 



Interesting Acquisitions Are Re- 
ceived BY Historical Society. 

(State Journal.) 

The picture of Bland Ballard, 
the pioneer mentioned in the State 
Journal a few days ago, has been 
received and is now hanging in the 
Hall of Fame. It is a crayon pic- 
ture, quite well preserved and 
framed in oak. The interesting his- 
tory of this fine soldier and pioneer 
is known well in Kentuckv where so 
many of his descendants live and 
today are among the foremost citi- 
zens. Another portrait which has 
•attracted admiration is the splendid 

painting of George Washington, a 
copy of Peale's portrait of him, 
taken at Valley Forge in 1778. It 
hangs in the Hall of Fame, with 
the portraits of liovemor ISnelby 
on the left. Governor Charles Scott 
on the right and Governor Gar- 
rard below. These Governors were 
Washington's friends and asso- 
ciates during the Revolutionary 
War. The portrait was painted by 
Walker, the Louisville artist. 

The Kentucky State Historical 
Society at its annual meeting re- 
elected all the old officers. Thev 
are: Gov. J. B. McCreary, presi- 
dent; H. V. McChesney, vice 
president; W. W. Lonorraoor, sec- 
ond vice president; Miss Sallie 
Jackson, third vice president ; Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton, regent and secre- 
tary and treasurer. Otto A. Roth- 
ert, of Louis\"ille, was elected an 
assistant to obtain records and his- 
torical records in Southwestern 


We know of no way of protect- 
ing our cities from these offensive 
advertisements except by taxing 
them out of existence. With a num- 
ber of other persons, opposed to 
the scare-crows and sensational 
bill-board papers of second class 
shows of all kinds, we have en- 
treated the city officials to take 
some action upon the subject hot 

RegMer of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 


with no avail. **The children are 
amused by them." Is that a sen- 
sible reason for allowing themt It 
is to protect the children that we 
want them prohibited. Then they 
mar the appearance of any town 
or city. Our picturesque city is 
blurred with these great advertis- 
ing pictures of brutal men, prize- 
fighters, wrestlers, etc. Let their 
strength of arm and muscle be con- 
fined to the lot or field on which it 
is displayed. All kinds of pictures 
that are demoralizing should be 
prohibited. Any and everything 
that defaces the street corners 
should be abolished. We cannot go 
as far as the people of England go 
in their civic circles, and demand 
that the county fences shall not be 
smeared with these advertisements 
that offend good taste, but we 
should preserve the beauty of our 
city landscapes from them, our 
streets and parks. Tax such adver- 
tisements out of existence. 


Of the Executive Committee of 
THE Kentucky State Histori- 
cal Society. 

This meeting was unusually well 
attended, and a pleasant one, for 
the 3rd of October, which is intend- 
ed simply for a business meeting 
annually on this date. The Vice 
President, • H. V. McChesney, 
Chairman, called the meeting to 
order. The customary formula was 

observed. The officers were re-elect- 
ed, and the following papers were 
read by the Regent. Mr. Otto A. 
Bothert was voted thanks for his 
gift and for his generous offer as 
assistant to the Society in South- 
western Kentucky. His services 
will be gratefully accepted. The 
business of the Society being 
finished, refreshments were served 
to the members and a bright social 
hour enjoyed. — Sec.-Treas. 

The Honorable Committee of the 
Kentucky State Historical 

Society : 

Our Society has grown since last 
w^e met in this room a year ago, a 
little company, to attend to the 
business interests of the Kentucky 
State Historical Societv. 

It is true our collection of books 
has not yet reached, as a wit has 
remarked **the Cemetery of books 
with tombstone inscriptions on the 
backs, ^' that the State Librarian, 
and the Court of Appeals has in- 
corporated in the basement of the 
Capitol — books no mortal ever 
reads, or cares for, yet there are 
hillocks of them beneath the dust, 
because, well, because * ' of the mak- 
ing of many books there is no end'' 
and a decent necropolis is essen- 
tial to all libraries. 

We have the books that - histor- 
ians and scholars want to read ; we 
are living in an electric age, so dif- 
ferent from the past, with all the 
improvements for social and busi- 
ness life. History is the entertain- 
ment of the cultured, who can af- 
ford an idle hour in elegant ease. 


Register of the Kentucky State HIttorlcal Society. 

By purchase and gift we have 
secured the choice histories, and 
books of the world that can be con- 
sulted on every subject. History, 
science, literature, art, music, po- 
etry and religion. We have for the 
benefit of students of biography, 
walls hung with elegant portraits 
of the leaders of the State and na- 
tion. We have curios of all kinds— 
and relics most rare and precious. 
With these accessions for a histor- 
ical society we hope to realize our 
ambition for the State of Kentucky, 
in having a historical society sec- 
ond to none in America in value 
and interest as the >ears glide by. 

Already our historical rooms are 
regarded by visitors to them from 
all parts of the world as among 
the most beautiful and interesting 
in America. So we are encouraged 
by what has been accomplished; 
with all discouragements to sur- 
mount, to hope that the future will 
bless our work as it has other so- 
cieties, with rich fruition of our 


See what has been done for the 
New Hampshire Historical So- 
ciety. Is it Kentucky vanity to say 
we believe we have as noble and 
patriotic men in our State, who 
would build such a historical tem- 
ple adjoining our New Capitol as 
an annex, as the Hon. Edward Tuck 
has built for the New Hampshire 
Historical Society if their attention 
was called to the fact that it would 
be an enduring monument to 
themselves as well as an honor to 
their fathers? 

To J. Sutton Wai-l, 
Who Died September 29, 1912. 
By Mbs. Jennie C. Mobton. 

We have learned with deep re- 
gret of the death of this distin- 
guished historian and estimable 
gentleman on the 29th of Septem- 
ber. Mr. Wall was one of the most 
valued of Pennsylvania's state oflB- 
cials — having retained his position 
in the Department ot Internal Af- 
fairs through many administra- 
tions in Harrisburg. 

It was as a historian and corre- 
spondent that we learned to know 
him. Having the archives of the 
State at his command, he was ever 
ready to advise us of such records 
in our work for the historical so- 
ciety as we needed, and generously 
declined ever to receive any com- 
pensation for search or certificate. 
He was among the first subscribers 
to the Register, and wrote us last 
year he had all the numbers boimd 
in books similar to ours on the li- 
brary shelves. 

He had hoped to visit our new 
Capitol, and the Historical Depart- 
ment this summer, but failing 
health prevented the pleasure of 
coming to Kentucky that he had so 
great a desire to see. We shall 
miss him from the list of our sub- 
scribers, and with the State he has 
honored and benefited by his tal- 
ents, we mourn his death. We ex- 

RdQitter of the Kentucky State Hietorlcal Society. 


tend to his family our heartfelt 
sympathy in their grievous loss. 

He was buried in Monongahela, 
Allegheny County — the history of 
which is one of his most valuable 
contributions to the history of 
Pennsylvania, and the county was, 
we believe, his birthplace. Hon- 
ored and beloved by all who knew 
him, his example should be an in- 
spiration to noble living among the 
young men about hirfi, who, though 
they may not have been so richly 
endowed intellectually, could imi- 
tate his fidelity and unbroken in- 
tegrity in every trust committed to 
his care, public and private, and 
thus contribute an enBuring monu- 
ment to his memory. 

We append the following tribute 
to him, from the Harrisburg Tele- 
graph, Pennsylvania: 



The death of J. Sutton Wall, for 
many years chief draftsman of the 
Department of Internal Affairs and 
compiler of the State's first rail- 
road map, was mourned yesterday 
by his associates in the depart- 
ment, who met in the ofiice of Sec- 
retary Henry Houck and drew up 
resolutions. Mr. Houck presided 
and George F. Ross, search clerk, 
was secretary of the meeting. Re- 
marks were made by Mr. Houck 
and others of the departmental 
staff and then resolutions were 
adopted expressing the sorrow of 
the staff in the following words: 

** Whereas, By a dispensation of 
Divine will, Mr. J. Sutton Wall, 
who for many years filled the re- 

sponsible position of chief drafts- 
man in the Department of Internal 
Affairs, passed away on Sunday, 
the 29th of September, 1912 ; there- 
fore be it 

*' Resolved, That the Secretary 
of Internal Affairs and his official 
family, in meeting assembled, here- 
by bear testimony to Mr. WalPs 
comprehensive knowledge of the 
land records of the State and of the 
procedure pertaining to land 
grants; his untiring and efficient 
performance of all the many duties 
devolving upon him; his uniform 
courtesy to those who have had 
business with the department and 
to his colleagues, and to hii^ many 
excellent qualities of head and 
heart; that the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, in his death, has lost 
an invaluable public servant, whose 
place it will be difficult to ade- 
quately fill*; that we deeply moLrn 
the loss of one from our circle, 
whose companionship and friend- 
ship were so highly prized by us, 
and our sincere sympathy goes out 
to those who were near and dear 
to him, in the hour of their be- 
reavement, a bereavement which 
we share with them.'* 

For the first time in the history 
of Kentucky we can write^ ** Wom- 
en can vote in the election of school 
boards and in all school elections.'* 
This right was conferred by the 
act of the Legislature of 1912. 

Many years ago an act was 
passed by the Kentucky Legisla- 
ture allowing widows with children 
and spinsters with wards within 


Realtor of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 

the school age to vote in school 
elections, but the law was poorly- 
observed. With enlarged privi- 
leges the act of 1912 is conferred 
on women. Let us see what they 
will do with them. 

We liave received since June 7, 
1912, the following named persons 
as members of the society: 

Mr. Lucas Brodhead, Versailles, 

Mr. Wm. S. Farmer, Frankfort, 

Mrs. S. C. Xuckols, Lexington, 

R. C. Ballard Thruston, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Gilmer S. Adams, Louisville, Ky. 

Mr. Boutwell Dunlap, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

Mr. Otto Ilolstein, Lima, Peru, 
South America. (Life member ) 

Edgar E. Hume, Frankfort, Ky. 

The National Year Book of 1911- 
1912 of the Sons of the American 
Revolution — gift from R. C. Bal- 
lard Thruston, Louisville, Ky. 

• • • 

Dedication of the building of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society. 
This very handsome book^ ele- 
gantly illustrated with pictures of 
the magnificent historical building, 
and the noted members, and gen- 
erous patrons of the society under 
the direction of the Hon. Edward 
Tuck — the munificent donor of the 
building, which is one of the most 
magnificent in America. 

Mr. Tuck is a New Hampshire 
son, who, in honor of his birthplace 
and respect for the historical so- 
ciety of which his distinguish«^J 
father was a member, gave this 
splendid testimonial in Concord. 
The building is erected near the 
Capitol, so that it may have the 
advantage of the State records. 


We have received from ^Ir. Otto 
A. Rothert, Louisville, Ky„ a pair 
of andirons, mad^ at the Buckner 
Furnace in Muhlenberg County, 
Kentucky, in 1840, and used in the 
old-fashioned fireplace until 1910, 
when purchased by him as a quaint 

Through Capt. Jno. A. Steele, of 
Midway, we ^lave received the gift 
from a citizen of Midway, Ky., a 
crayon picture of Bland Ballard, a 
famous pioneer soldier in Ken- 


By tJie Editor, 

We have been asked, **Who is 
the head of the Historical Societv, 
who composes its Executive Com- 
mittee, its Advisory Committee, its 
Consultative Committee f 

We answer, the Executive Com- 
mittee is one and all of these. The 
President ex-officio is the Governor 
of the State, but the First Vice 
President is always present, and 
as the Chairman of the Executive 
Committee opens the meetings and 
conducts the program for business. 

Register of the Kentucky State Hletorleai Society. 


It is the established belief in all 
societies of this two-fold character, 
that the founders and promoters of 
them know how to conduct the busi- 
ness in relation to the Common- 
wealth. So far there has been no 
variance between tl\is society and 
the State, save in a few minor mat- 
ters, where the vigilance of the Re- 
gent, and members of the society 
in endeavoring to protect the valu- 
able property of the society may 
have been sliofhtly misunderstood. 
Having behind them the law for 
the existence and the protection of 
the society, this safeguard has so 
far been ample for the protection 
of all rights belonging to the so- 

That a society held above the 
conflicting elements of social and 
political commotion should not feel 
the sting of reversal of many of its 
cherished objects of activity, would 
be strange indeed. But with our 
intelligent committees, and the 
sympathy of the public in our en- 
deavor to uphold for the State such 
a Historical Society as we now 
have, we hope there will be no issue 
we may not meet in the future, with 
remediable defense — and so pre- 
serve for the State and its archives, 
something, if not all, that is worth 
preserving in the history of Ken- 


Vice PBEsroENT op the United 


By J. C. M. 

We were very much shocked by 
the death of the Vice President. 

Having. known him in the bloom 
of a fine healthy manhood, the very 
embodiment of health, happiness, 
prosperity and fame, it was diffi- 
cult to associate ill health, wdth his 
robust figure, and his bright bouy- 
ant spirit, or to think of death clos- 
ing his triumphant life under the 
white seal of eternal silence. That 
consternation and confusion should 
follow his absence from the high 
places he occupied is not strange. 

Once meeting him at a luncheon 
given us in Washington he noted 
a beautiful seal pin the writer 
wore, and instantly improvised a 
charming verse to it, witty and sig- 
nificant. The most morose pessi- 
mist could not then have predicted 
today — 

Like the proud eagle stretched upon the 
plain — 

He, too, should lie, soaring triumphant, 
ne'er again. 

But cold in death's unsought, un wooed em- 
brace — 

Only a sculpture from life's gallery for urn 
or vase. 

We had the great pleasure of a 
call from Mr. Strother, of Fort 
Smith, Ark., in October. Mr. Stro- 
ther is one of the most accom- 
plished gentlemen and scholars of 
our acquaintance, also one of the 
most reliable and indefatigable 
genealogists in the South. He is an 
authority on many of the records in 
Culpepper, Albemarle and Augusta 
Counties, Virginia. His visit to 
Kentucky was in the line of his 
profession, and he seemed most 
pleased to find in Kentucky, and 
especially at the Capitol, records 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

and historical data he had sought 
in WashingtoijL and Richmond and 
could not find. He says the clerks 
of the courts in Kentucky should 
be paid an additional salary to 
gather and publish the marriage 
licenses in their respective offices 
before these time-honored and most 
precious records, now so in request, 
are destroyed by dust, neglect and 
possibly fire. 

We sincerely hope this advice 
will be acted upon by the counties 
of Kentucky, holding in their pos- 
session the ancient records of mar- 
riages and wills. Such sacred writ- 
ings should be published and placed 
in the safe-keeping of the State 
Historical Society at Frankfort, 
says Mr. Strother. 


To Heads of Schools and Colleges 
IN Kentucky Made by Perey 
Centennial Commission 
/Though Mbs. Jennie C. Mor- 
ton, Regent op Kentucky 
State Historical Society. 

Hon. Barksdale Hamlett, 

Supt. Public Instruction, 
The Capitol : 

We respectfully submit the re- 
quest herein for your considera- 
tion. We believe a * * Perry Victory 
Day'* in the colleges and schools 
of Kentucky would be a great bene- 
fit in connection with a review of 
the War of 1812. This should ap. 
peal very strongly to all Kentuck- 

ians, as through the columns of the 
Register they have learned that a 
very great part of the credit for 
Perry's victory is due the Kentucky 
riflemen who participated in the 

Editor The Register. 

The Regent of the State Histor- 
ical Society has been requested by 
the commission of the Perrv Cen- 
tennial, at Cleveland, Ohio, to re- 
quest through the press of the State 
of Kentucky that the teachers in 
the schools and colleges, every- 
where throughout the Common- 
wealth, set apart a day during 1912- 
1913 to instruct the children in the 
names of the battles of the War of 
1812, and especially to inform them 
concerning the Perry victory on 
Lake Erie. 

The one hundredth anniversary 
of this event to be held in Put-in 
Bay, September 10, 1913, is now 
attracting the attention of the 
world. It is well to review the his- 
tory of the battle, and instruct the 
youth of this State, in the great 
sacrifice Kentuckians made to 
win that victory, that they may un- 
derstand why they should pay trib- 
ute to the memory of those heroes 
who fought in that campaign, and 
were conspicuous in winning the 
Perry victory, one of the most won- 
derful battles of the world. 

We suggest that the teachers 
throughout the State will comply 
with the request, and set apart a 
** Perry Victory Day** for the stu- 
dents of all the schools, during the 
school year of 1912-1913. (Kentuck-y 
newspapers please copy.) 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


^'WEHAVEMETTHEENEMy came about because a former gen- 
eration of Kentuckians '*met the 

(Editorial in State Journal.) enemy. 


To few men it is given to win an 
immortal triumph ; to fewer still to 
win the victory and commemorate 
it in a sentence as immortal as the 
victory itself. 

The laconic message of Oliver 
Hazard Perry, **We have met the 
enemy and they are ours,'^ sent 
after the battle of Put-in Bay on 
Lake Erie, rings down through. the 
century that has elapsed with im- 
port as great as the result of his 
triumph in forever establishing the 
neutrality of the inland seas that 
separate this country from the Do- 
minion to the north. 

There were many sons of Ken- 
tucky who met the enemy with 
Perry in that significant conflict on 
the Great Lakes, which is to be cel- 
ebrated on September 10, 1913, and 
the suggestion made by Mrs. Jen- 
nie C. Morton, Regent of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society, that the 
public schools of this State some 
time during the present school year 
hold exercises commemorative of 
the event, is one that should be fol- 
lowed, endorsed, as it is, by the 
State Department of Education. 

No Blenheim this. No poet's 
satire can wipe out the glory of the 
achievement. 'Twas more than ''a 
famous victory '* and when tliey 
are asked '*what came of it at 
lasf every school child in Ken- 
tucky should be able to tell what 
the battle of Lake Erie meant in 
its consequences to the future of 
North America, and know that it 



The State Journal: 

I ask permission to publish in 
your columns the request received 
through Mr. Todd, secretary of the 
Perry Victory Centennial Commis- 
sion, that the schools and colleges 
of Kentucky will set apart some 
day during the school term, Octo- 
ber, 1912, to June, 1913, for a ''Per- 
ry Victory Day" — on which day 
the lesson will be, **The names of 
the battles of the War of 1812-15, 
and the* battle at Put-in Bay on 
Lake Erie; Perry's Victory there 
one hundred years ago. Let them 
learn the magical report of Oliver 
Hazard Perry, the Victor: 'We 
have met the enemy and they are 

J j> 

Every Kentuckian should know 
the story of that wonderful battle, 
in which Kentucky was represented 
by heroes born for the hour. 

Let the youth of Kentucky be 
taught to pay tribute to them on 
this patriotic occasion. (See Sep- 
tember Register, 1911; A. C. Quis- 
enberry's history of the battle.) 

The selection of the day, and the 
program for it, must be arranged 
by the teachers. The Hon. Barks- 
dale Hamlett, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, has written to 
me that he approves the plan, agad 
will contribute what he can to its 
success. Prof. McKee, of the Frank- 


Register of the Kentucky State Historical Sockty. 

fort public schools^ will set apart a 
day, and arrange a program for it. 
In this way the historic lesson of 
Perry's Victory will be impressed, 
and the magnificent Centennial on 
the 10th of September, 1913, will 
become immortal to the children of 
Kentucky, though they may not see 
the sky-reaching monument by the 
sea to remind them that Kentucky 
had heroes there that fired the cour- 
age, and strengthened the arm of 
Perry to win the splendid victory 
the day commemorates. 
Mrs. Jennie C Morton, 
Regent Kentucky State Histori- 
cal Society. 


A cool, dreary day was Arbor 
Day at the Capitol. The day pre- 
vious, the trees for the Capitol 
grounds were nearly all planted, 
but an aftermath followed on the 
13th, when the people from many 
of the counties gathered there to 
celebrate the event. The Governor 
made a speech, explaining the ne- 
cessity for tree-planting, and giv- 
ing a history of the custom, and its 
advantages in preserving the beau- 
ty of forest for the adornment of 
the land. His speech was greatly 
appreciated, and warmly applaud- 
ed by the great audience of school 
children. He was followed by Attor- 
ney General Garnett, whose address 
was a gem in literature, scintillating 
with poetic eloquence and illustra- 
tion and the speech was enthusiasti- 

cally applauded. Other speakers fol- 
lowed, and the addresses were ex- 
cellent. The band supplemented 
with splendid music. When the 
meeting closed on the esplanade the 
crowd scattered into the grounds 
to look at the newly planted trees 
and add a shovel full of rich fer- 
tilizer around • them, while others 
surged through the Capitol and into 
the historical rooms. From nine 
o'clock in the morning until five 
o'clock in the evening this depart- 
ment in the Capitol was thronged 
with visitors. Whole schools and 
their teachers and ^'lookers on," 
who came to enjoy Arbor Day in 
Frankfort lingered in this elegant 
department to enjoy the entertain- 
ment there, out of the cliilly wind 
and misty rain. This is the first 
Arbor Day celebration Frankfort 
has had, and it w^as enjoyed as a 
rare occasion, in this, *'the City of 
the Maples," as it was named by 
Henry L. Stanton, the poet. 


The Charter Oak. 

Liberty Elm. 

Victory — or Hamilton Trees — 
Planted by Hamilton in honor of 
the surrender at Yorktown, Octo- 
ber 19, 1781, in New York City. 

The Treaty Ehn— Under which 
William Penn made the treaty 
with the Indians in Pennsylvania. 
A monument now marks the site of 
the Treaty Elm near PhUadelphia. 

The Helena Tree — From Napo- 
leons grave. 

The Burgoyne Elm — Marking 
the surrender of Burgoyne, with 
all his army and the Burgoyne Can- 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorical Soolety. 


non— now in Historical Society, in 
the Hall of Fame, at the Capitol of 


The Begister is not a political 
magazine. Its editors have sought 
to make it a periodical of great 
value to all the people of Kentucky, 
and especially to all who are inter- 
ested in the history of the State, 
and in the collection and preserva- 
tion of everything in any way con- 
nected with its history. This task 
has been so great that we have had 
no time to discuss questions of 
State in these columns, even if we 
had considered it within our prov- 
ince so to do. 

There are certain phases of the 
recent Presidential election, how- 
ever, that are entirely outside the 
realm of partfsan politics, and we 
cannot forbear a word of comment 
on them. 

And first of all let us suggest that 
the election of Woodrow Wilson 
forever puts at rest the idea that 
a man must be a practical politician 
to be either nominated for the Pres- . 
idency or elected to that distin- 
guished position. And by this we 
do not mean to speak in derogation 
of the practical politician; it is 
quite possible for him to also be a 
patriot and even a statesman, al- 
though the combination is rarely 

Governor Wilson is in no sense 
a practical politician, in the ordi- 
nary meaning oTthe term, and yet 
his record as Governor of New Jer- 

H R.— 7 

sey has demonstrated that his ideas 
of government are intensely prac- 
tical. His record marks him as a 
broad-minded, constructive states- 
man, whose ideas of the function 
of government are so clear and judt 
that they are easily translated into 
wholesome laws. And this fact, 
recognized by thinking men every- 
where, whether they supported him 
for the Presidency or not, leads the 
American people to anticipate just 
as successful a career for him in 
the White House as he has had in 
the Executive office in New Jersey. 

Another lesson tp be learned 
from the election is that when a 
candidate 's protestations of loyalty 
to the cause of the whole people 
can be laid alongside a thoroughly 
consistent record on the question 
he may confidently expect the sup- 
port of a vast majority of the 
voters who really believe in a gov- 
ernment of the people. Woodrow 
Wilson's election was a staggering 
blow to the reign of the *'boss'' in 
politics, and equally as severe a re- 
buke of those who expect the public 
to accept their noisy professions of 
devotion to the people in the face 
of s^ record to the contrary. It also 
served notice on the great trusts 
of the country that they must here- 
after regard the government of 
the^e United States as something 
more than a chattel of the money 
power. Incidentally, it brought 
the joy of victory to those who for 
twenty years have fought, at times 
apparently in vain, for the re-es- 
tablishment of the supremacy of 
man above the dollar. 

Lastly, let us suggest, that the 
result of the election proves that 


Register of the Kentucky SUte Historical SottMy. 

the title of schoolmaster is not nec- 
essarily a handicap to one seeking 
political honors. I^ is a far cry m 
the history of our country, from 
the time when a military record 
was the one great essential to a 
candidate's success to this good 
day when a college professor and 
a writer of books is triumphantly 
elected, successively Governor of a 
sovereign state and President of 
the American Republic. That such 
a revolution has worked itself out 
in the minds of the people is at 
once a compliment to their good 
sense and a tribute to the greatness 
of our democratic institutions. 

Entirely aside from his political 
opinions Woodrow Wilson is a 

great man and a great American, 
big of head and big of heart; with 
convictions as clear-cut as his well- 
chiseled face, and the courage to 
carry them into execution. He goes 
into oflSce owing nothing to any 
man or any influence that would 
handicap him in his service of his 
country. Of his purpose to make 
this service of great value to the 
country, no one Eas a doubt ; of his 
ability to carry the purpose into 
execution everyone is convinced. 
We shall be disappointed in our 
expectations if he does not make 
the greatest President the country 
has seen since the days of Wash- 
ington — and here are our best 
wishes for a measure of success 
that win meet our expectations. 

Historical and Genealogical 


The Poages, Lindsays and McGintys 




By Mrs. S. V. Nnckols, Lexington, Kentucky. 

Ann Kennedy Wilson Poage, the 
widow of Wilson, was married to 
William Poage in Augusta County, 
Virginia, 1760. They lived a num- 
ber of years near the Natural 
Bridge in what is now Eockbridge 
County, Virginia, and then moved 
to Fincastle, now Washington 
County, in 1774, not very far from 
Abingdon, Virginia. 

William Poage, as sergeant, had 
command of Fort Eussell in that 
vicinity with twenty men, while 
Daniel Boone (Lieutenant) had 
charge of anolKer fort a few miles 
away. In 1775 William Poage and 
family moved to Harrodsburg, Ken- 

I found the evidence of William 
Poage 's (Poague, Pougue) first 
services as a soldier in the war with 
the Indians in the history of Albe- 
marle County, Virginia, which 
quotes from Henning's Statutes, 
vol. 7, page 303, names of the oflS- 
cers and soldiers of Albemarle 
County militia in actual service for 
the defense and protection of the 
frontier against the Indians, Sep- 
tember, 1758. The Captain of the 
company was James Neville, and 
among the soldiers were William 
Poage and Bo5ert Poage. 

History Summaries of Southwest 
Virginia shows on pages 156 and 
157 that Sergeant Poage was in 
command of Fort Eussell in the 
vicinity of the present city of Ab- 
ingd'on, Virginia, in the fall of 1774, 
with twenty men, while Lieutenant 
Daniel Boone was in command of 
Fort Moore, foux miles west, with 
twenty men. 

The manuscript statement of 
Elizabeth Poage Thomas in posses- 
sion of the Historical Society, De- 
troit, Mich., proves this Sergeant 
Poage was William Poage; there 
was no other William Poage in that 
part of the country at that time. 

Collins * History, vol. 2, page 616, 
states that William Poage, or 
Pougue, cleared ground and raised 
com in 1776, at Cove Spring, about 
two miles northeast of Harrods- 
burg, Kentucky. 

On September 1, 1778, a company 
of sixteen men going to Logan's 
Station, near Stanford, ten miles 
from where DanvUle is now situ- 
ated, were fired on by a party of 
Indians in ambush in a canebrake. 
William Poage was wounded by 
them, three balls entering his body. 
The others made their escape un- 
hurt ; the next day two parties were 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorleal Seciety. 

sent out in search of Poage, who 
had clung to his hdlrse until out of 
reach of the ladians, thep fell and 
crawled into a oanebrake, and hid 
until he heard his friends passing 
near. They carried him to Field's 
cabin, one ai^d one-eighth miles 
west of Danville. It was an aban- 
doned cabin ; they camped there for 
the night ; the Indians tracked them, 
surrounded the cabin, and waited 
to attack them in the morning. But 
the whites discovered them in time, 
a^d suddenly sallied out at day- 
break, surprised them in ambush 
and killed four of them, one of 
whom had William Poage's gun. 
This they brought to Harrodsburg 
and gave to* his brave little son, 
Robert, then twelve years old. He 
was afterward General Robert 
Poage, of Mayslick, Mason County, 
Kentucky. William Poage was set 
upon a horse with William Maddox 
to hold him on, and thus rode to 
Fort Harrodsburg, but he did not 
die until the next day, September 
3, .1778. (Collins' History, volume 

2.) _ 

It is interesting to know how 
the first settlers produced the sim- 

{)le implements of husbandry, and 
he indispensable articles of kitch- 
en and dairy furniture, unused to 
labor of that sort, they exercised 
their ingenuity, and did what they 
could toward providing such con- 
veniences. William Poage was re- 
markably ingenious, and while he 
lived in Harrodsburg, from Feb- 
ruary 1, 1776, to September, 1778, 
he made the buckets, milk pails, 
ehurna, tubs and noggins used by 
the people in the fort. He maBe 

the woodwork of the first plough. 
made and used the first loom on 
which weaving was done in Ken- 
tucky, by sinking a post in tlie 
ground and pieceing beams and 
slats to them, after which Ann Ken- 
nedy Wilson Poage wove into cloth 
the first linen made in KentuckT 
from nettle lint; the linsey vas 
made from this same nettle lint and 
buflfalo wool. She brought the first 
spinning wheel to Kentucky; she 
also brought with her from Vir- 
ginia fowls of all kinds. 

There is a manuscript of Williom 
Lindsay Poage that speaks of many 
things. He was her grandson. 

After the death of WilUara 
Poage, Mrs. Poage in the spring of 
1781 was married to Col. Joseph 
Lindsay, one of the illustrious vic- 
tims of the terrible slaughter at the 
battle of Blue Licks in August, 
1782. We are indebted to his note- 
book for many interesting things 
about his wife. Several years later 
she was married to James Mc- 
Ginf y, and is well remembered by 
persons now living. 

Mrs. Ann Kennedy Wilson Poage 
Lindsay McGinty was a woman of 
great energy and self-reliance. 
Her little son shouldered his 
father's gun to help drive the In- 
dians out, while his mother molded 

The spring at Harrodsburg called 
Gore's Spring, after Andrew Gore, 
was purchased by him from A^il- 
liam Poage 's heirs. There are pat- 
ents in the family where 640 acres 
of land on Gilman's Creek or Lick 
(Collins' History, vol. 2, page 516) » 
belonged to them. 


Register of the Kentucky State HIttorleai Society. 


She who had braved the red man's hate — 

With Harrod, Clark and Boone, 
First of her sex within the State, 

Before a way was hewn. 
Who heard the savage whoop and yell 

With dead around her strewn — 
And helped the savage hordes repel 

To save the place from ruin. 

I scraped away the moss and mold 

For, on it at a glance 
Saw characters, perhaps which told 

Of some one whose advance 
Into the western forests gave 

The savage less expanse 
And lo! saw Ann McGintjr's grave 

Which! had found by chance. 

(AutEor of these verses un- 

(This history by a lady of Lex- 
ington, a descendant of Ann Mc- 
Ginty, Mrs. S. V. Nuckols. De- 
scendants of Mrs. Ann McGinty are 
requested to unite with the author 
of this article [Mrs. S. V. Nuckols, 
Lexington, Ky.] in an effort to have 
a marker placed at this brave pio- 
neer woman's grave, in the old 
graveyard a,t Harrodsburg, within 

the boundaries of the famous old 


Omissions from page 144, vol. 10, 
No. 28, January 1912, Register. 
Subject, History and Genealogy. 

Cornelius Wm. Beale,« bom Sep- 
tember 17, 1886. Married Mary 
Elizabeth Graham September 11, 

Ruth Burnley Beale.'' 

William Stuart Beale."^ 

Carrie Marie Beale,® born May 
31, 1889. Married Thomas Willis 
Lewis November 28, 1911. 

Byron Sunderland Beale,® born 
January 26, 1892. Married Rosa 
Ann Londes, October 18, 1911. 

Earle Gordan Beale,^ born Octo- 
ber 28, 1894. 

Edna Elizabeth Beale,^ born 
June 15, 1899. 





Question — Dear Begister — Will 
you please give me the earliest date 
of the Chynn family in London, 
England? M. C, 

Denver, Colo. 

Answer — ^I find in a published 
Register this marriage entry : John 
De Cheynn, of London, gent., and 
Elizabeth Bolainger, of St. Anne, 
Blackfriars, widow of Giles Bo- 
lainger, late of same, October 25, 
1596. But previous to this date we 
find Chynne Eow, London, named 
probably for Sir Thomas Cheynne, 
member of Parliament. His castle 
**Windemere'' is about fifty miles 
from London, and is still occupied 
by his descendants. The owners 
improved the stone building that 
looks like a fortress, each owner 
making it more and more desirable 
as a residence. The last owner, we 
learn, is John Cheynn, gent. The 
date of its erection is 1512. 

Dear Register — ^Will you please 
write me the date of the founding 
of the capital of Kentucky, and 
when the first Legislature met in 
the old Love House? W. J. E., 

Paducah, Ky. 

Answer— "Frankfort was founded 
in 1786, as may be seen on its cor- 
ner stone. The (first Legislature 
met in the old Love House Decem- 
ber, 1793. The Love House was 
torn down in 1870. We preserve 

only pictures of it, one of which 
appears in the September Register, 

Register — Can you tell us if 
Aaron Burr was buried in the 
Frankfort Cemetery, or if General 
Wilkinson is buried in Kentucky? 

Answer — Burr was not buried in 
the Frankfort Cemetery. General 
Wilkinson died in the South and is 
probably buried in New Orleans, 
where he lived and died. He was 
the founder of the capital of Ken- 
tucky, Frankfort. 

Dear Editor of the Register- 
Do you have portraits painted of 
the Lieutenant Governors of Ken- 

Ans. — No, not unless they have 
achieved distinction in other lines 
of politics or business. We paint 
the Governors of the State, where 
the descendants cannot supply 
them. And we paint other famous 
Kentuckians, but their fame must 
rest upon their merit and the worth 
of their services to the State as 
men of integrity and right-think- 
ing, and right-acting as honorable 
examples of the citizens of Ken- 
tucky ; not alone for their titles, or 
their splendid ancestry, which in 
some cases the descendants have 
conspicuously disgraced. The por- 
traits in the Hall of Fame recall 
the men whose history is the pride 


Register of th« Kentucky State HIetorical Society. 

of Kentucky, and their faces glow 
with intelligence, courage and no- 
bility. Many compliments are paid 
them by visitors to the hall. From 
Washington's portrait in the midst 
of his Major Generals in the Revo- 
lution — Governors Shelby, Garrard 
and Scott — to Gov. J. C. W. Beck- 
ham, beside his historic grand- 
father, Governor Wickliffe, and 
Governor McCreary and G^v. Goe- 
bel, it is often an ovation to them. 
Some deed, or some speech, or some 
noble act- of heroism, some poem, 
or some sparkling witticism is re- 
peated, as the visitor looks upon 
them with admiration. 

Thus our history of great people 
is illustrated and has been especial- 
ly beneficial to schools and colleges, 
since we founded the State Histori- 
cal Society. 

While it is not our province to 
build monuments — our small ap- 
propriation does not admit of such 

large outlay — ^we have assisted in 
this work, also in marking historic 
spots. But Kentucky would be a 
memorial cemetery if according to 
tradition and history all historical 
points were noted with tablets, 
markers and monuments in Ken- 
tucky. The State itself is a monu- 
ment to the brave, splendid men 
and women who discovered, 
founded, settled and promoted the 
strange progress and success of its 
government amid dissensions, wars, 
murders, jealousies, rivalries and 
fiery political campaigns. No State 
in the Union has had such diflScul- 
ties to encounter and conquer, and 
still she proudly holds herself as 
a tower of light and strength and 
beauty among the States of the 
Union. We want the pictures and 
portraits of famous Kentuckians 
and their histories. Send what vou 
may have and if we have the du- 
plicates we will return your prop- 
erty by mail or express. 



By Secretary-Treasurer. 
Newspapers, Magazines, Books, Joumak, Pamphlets, Etc 

The State Journal. 

The Harrodsburg Leader. 

The Shelby Record. 

The Maysville Bulletin. 

The World. 

The. Fanners^ Home Journal. 

The Woodford Sun. 

The Commoner. 

July 1, 1912. 

Journal of New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society — 18 
Somerset St., Boston, Mass. 

Pamphlet from Orchard House — 
Westminster, London, England. 
Gray's Bulletin of Family History 
— ^Acton, London, England. 

The University of Chicago Press 
— Chicago, 111. 

Bulletin of same — Chicago, HI. 

The Washington Historical 
Quarterly— Seattle, Wash. 

(This number of the Quarterly of 
the Washington University State 
Historical Society is one of unusual 
interest. The founding of the Terri- 
tory—now State of Washington— is 
a strong article, worthy of the au- 
thor by that name who wrote it.) 

United Empire — The Eoyal Co- 
lonial Institute Journal — ^London, 

The Southwestern Historical 
Quarterly — Austin, Texas. 

Ohio Archaeological and Histor- 
ical Quarterly— Columbus, 0. (This 
is one of the most interesting Quar- 
terlies we have received. In illus- 
tration and description it is very 
attractive, and presents every sub- 
ject admirably.) 

The Iowa Journal of History and 
Politics— Iowa City, Iowa. 

August, 1912. 

The Century. 

The World's Work. 


Bulletin of the New York Public 

The Zenoian of Panama — ^illus- 
trated with fine picture of Gov. M. 
H. Thatcher. 

The Veteran. 

Descriptive lists of maps of 
Spanish possessions in the United 
States 1502-1820— Lowery. From 
Library of Congress. 

History of the Franklin Baptist 
Association, from 1815"Eb 1912. By 
Eev. F. W. Eberhardt and Dr. U. 
V. Williams. 

(This is a valuable history, illus- 
trated with pictures of notable 
churches that compose this great 


Register of th« K«ntiicfcy 9Utm Historical Society. 

association. It contains the most 
correct data ' of the organizations, 
and the names of the illustrious 
Baptist preachers of pioneer days 
as well the names of the famous 
preachers who have carried on 
the work they began in the wil- 
derness, until it has reached the 
most enlarged and gratifying suc- 
cess of any one church in Ken- 
tuxjky, under their zeal in its holy 

We thank the authors of the his- 
tory for this donation to the library 
of the Kentucky State Historical 

The Perry Centennial and Me- 
morial — Cleveland, 0. 

The United Empire Journal of 
the Royal Colonial Institute — Lon- 
don, England. 

Journal of Illinois State Histor- 
ical Society — Springfield, 111. 

Bulletin of the New York Public 
Library — New York, 

The Outlook. 

American Monthly Magazine, D. 
A. E.— Washington, D. C. 

General James Winchester, 1752- 

(Read before the Tennessee His- 
torical Society April, 1912, by the 
Hon. John H. DeWitt, Nashville, 

Gray's Family History Catalog. 
— London, Eng. 

Alabama Official and Statistical 
Register, 1911. Compiled by Thos. 
M. Owen, L. L. D., Director. 

History of Kanawha County 
and Charleston, W. Va. By W. 
S. Laidlfey. 

(Surely West Virginia should 
be under lasting obligatiotis to the 
ai^tbor for this elegant book. It is 

an ornament to any library, and as 
a history is invaluable to the county 
and city of which it is especially 
the representative. Now when the 
people of the United States are 
aroused to the importance of the 
history of its people, we welcome 
this new compendium of the prin- 
cipal city and county of West Vir- 
ginia, and hope it may be followed 
as an example by other counties of 
Virginia, old and new. All honor 
to Mr. Laidley for such a history of 
his people.) 

Septembeb, 1912. 

The National Geographic Maga- 

Bureau of American Ethnolof^y 
— '* Early Man in S. America.*'— 
Smithsonian Institution, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

The National Year Books 1911- 
1912 of the **Sons of the American 
Revolution.*' Gifts from B. C. Bal- 
lard Thruston, Louisville, Ky. (A 
splendid book.) 

^'Historia.'' — Oklahoma City, 

Annals of Iowa, Third Series.^ 
Des Moines, lown. 

A Catalogue of Books, Aiicient 
and Modei'n, by C. RichardddH— 
1^0. 207 Oxford Boad, Manchester, 

*'Itentilcky And the Independ- 
encfe of Texiw,** by J^nes E. Wui- 
ston— ^PrittcfetWi, New Jferbey. 

Mfttlinns Nlf Hott, Choij:-De 
Livr^s. Snr Le6 tndi^tiefl I>e 
L'Ametiqtte. — The Sa^«^*^flol- 

I'h^ F^tty M^moi^kil and Otttmi- 
nial 0^tebfati(mM:!l6yt$liiiKl, Ohio. 

Retflvtor df th« Ktntudiy 8tftt# Hlcl6rie«l Soeltty. 


16tb Biennial Beport of the Minn- 
esota Historical Society— St. Paxil, 

The Quarterly Jonrnal of the 
University of North Dakota, Uni- 
versity — ^North Dakota. 

Old and Bare Books — ^Leipsic, 

Dedication of the Building of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society 
— '(This book in every respect, his- 
tory, pictures, addresses, binding, 
&c. is worthy of the grand building, 
and the dedication it describes. 
This Society is grateful for the 
beautiful compliment paid it by the 
munificent donor Mr. Tuck, inj 
sending us this book. We may hope 
Kentucky will yet produce a son, 
such as New Hampshire has done, 
that may follow his example and 
give to his native State — Kentucky 
such a splendid building for its 
Historical Society, honoring alike 
to his patriotism and wealth, and 
to the land of his birth. We honor 
Mr. Edward Tuck, as an American 
of the right stamp. He shares his 
wealth and distinction with his 
own people — ^AU honor to him.) 

Qray^s Manuscript Catalogue — 
London, England. 

OCTOBBB, 1912. 

The Outlook. 
The Century. 

From the Conunonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, seven books or bul- 
letins of the Department of Agri- 
culture. List of County and local 
A^cultural Societies. '(These 
books or pamphlets are full of val- 
uable suggestions to KentucMans 
in the Department of Agriculture.) 

Scribner^s Magasine. 
. The New England^ Genealogical 
and^ Historical Magazine — Boston, 

The Geographic Magazine — 
Washington, D. C. 

The Southwestern Historical 
Quarterly of the Texas State His- 
torical Association — ^Austin, Texas. 
An unusually fine number of this 

The Washington Historical 
Quarterly — Seattle, Washington, 
U. S. A. 

The Century, November.— Union 
Square, New York. 

Leslie's Magazine. 

The McCues of the 'Old Domin- 
ion. By Jno. N. McCue — ^Auxvasse, 
Mo. Very valuable histoay and 
genealogy of the McCues, Steeles, 
Arbucles and Cunningham famil- 

The American Monthly Maga- 

Journal of the Society of the 
D. A. E.— Washington, D. C. 

The Mammoth Cave Magazine — 
Manunoth Cave, Kentucky. A beau- 
tiful and artistic expression of tal- 
ent and enterprise in Miss Helen 
Bandolf, of Kentucky. 

The Iowa Journal of Histors'' 
and Politics, Oct., 1912. 

**The Perry Centennial and 
Memorial Celebration^ — Cleve- 
land, Ohio. j 

NOVEMBEB, 1912. 

• The World's Work. 
Century, &c 

The Sovereignty of the States 
By Walter Neale — New York. 

112 Rafliatar of tha Kantu^y 8UU HlaWrical Soelaty. 

"Woodrow Wilson's History of Catalogue of Old Edinburgh 

the American People — Neale Pub- Arts and Crafts. Detailing inteT- 

lishing Honse, New York. eating items, houses, palaces, ab- 

Report of American Historical beys, etc. — Edinhargh, Scotland. 
Association for 1910". 


General Muhlenberg 9 

^'The Biver Baisin" 17 

Kentuckians Killed and Wounded in Mexican War 28 

Regrets— A Poem 37 

Kentucky, a Land of Heroism, Eloquence, States- 
manship and Letters 41 

Epitaphs 55 

The Battle of Chickamauga 65 

Extracts from Governor Desha ^s Message and Other 
Incidents Connected With Visit of LaFayette 
to Frankfort 71 

Department of Clippings and Paragraphs 81 

Historical and Genealogical Department 101 

Department of Inquiries and Answers 107 

Report of Library Collections l09 



Kentucky State Historical 




PER COPY. 25c. 


VOL. 11. NO. 32 

Frankfort, Ky. 

The State Journal Co. 




GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY President Ex-Oflicio 

H. V. McCHESNEY First Vice-President 

W. W. L0N6M00R Second Vice-President and Curator 

MISS SALLY JACKSON Tiiird Vice-President and Librarian 

MRS. JENNIE C. MORTON Regent and Secretary-Treasurer 



H. V. McCHESNEY, Chairman. 

W. W. LONGMOOR, 2 Alt. Cfim. 

Must be sent by check or money order. All communications for The 
Begister sbould be addressed to Mrs. Jennie 0. Mobton, Editor and 
Secretary-Treasurer, Kentucky State Historical Society, Frankfort, 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Editor-in-Chief. 
H. V. McChesney, Associate Editor. 


If your copy of The Register is not received promptly, please advise 

us. It is issued in January, May and September. 


If there is a blue X upon the first page of your Register, it denotes 
that your subscription has expired, and that your 

renewal is requested. 

General meeting of the Kentucky SUte Historical Society, June 7th, the date of 
Daniel Boone's first view of the '^beautiful level of Kentucky." 


MAY, 1913. 

Daniel Boone in West Virginia, By W. S. Laidley. 

Dean Nathaniel S. Shaler — Geologist. 

Kentucky Volunteers in the Texas Revolution. By 
James E. Winston. 

The Siege of Fort Meigs and Dudley's Defeat 100 Tears 
Ago. By. A. C. Quisenberry. 

Poem — A Souvenir From the Grave of Helen Hunt 
Jackson. By J. C. M. 

Inscription for 'Harass Tomb. 

Beview of Otto A. Bothert*s History of Muhlenberg 
County, With Portrait of the Author of the Book. 
By Young E. Allison. 

** First Families of Virginia. *' By. A. C. Quisenberry. 

Department of Paragraphs and Clippings. 


Col. J. Stoddabd Johnston, Louisville, Ky. 

Hon. L. F. Johnson, Frankfort, Ky. 

Miss Mabtha Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

Hon. W. W. Stephenson, Harrodsburg, Ky. 

W. W. LoNGMooB, Frankfort, Ky. 

Pbof. G. C. Downing, Frankfort, Ky. 

Mbs. Ella H. Ellwangbb, Frankfort, Ky. 

Geobge Babeb, Washington, D. C. 

Db. Thos. E. Pickett, Maysville, Ky. 

A. C. Quisenbebby, Hyatteville. Md. 



• \ 





What we shall have to say will 
relate to Daniel Boone while he was 
a resident of the Kanawha Valley. 

He went from Pennsylvania to 
North Carolina, then with Brad- 
dock in the Monongahela Valley, 
then back, on the Hoi stein River in 
North Carolina, where he married 
Miss Rebecca Bryan, August 14, 
1755, and he next was in Kentucky 
in 1769. 

In 1774, he was appointed to take 
command of the forts in Greenbrier 
and South West Virginia, in order 
to protect the rear of General An- 
drew Lewis* army while it was on 
the expedition to the Ohio River. 
In 1775, he erected a fort in Ken- 
tucky and was engaged with fight- 
ing the Indians, when, by his de- 
fense, in 1778, he established the 
white man's right to live in Ken- 
tucky. He was in the Virginia Leg- 
islature from Fayette County in 
1781, was deputy Surveyor of Ken- 
tucky in 1782, and was its County 
Lieutenant in 1783. 

It was in 1786 that he was living 
at the mouth of the Kanawha Riv- 
er, and on April 28, 1786, he ac- 
knowledged a deed while at Point 
Pleasant, and on July 20, 1786, he 
wrote a letter to Mr. Overton, and 
was on a visit to Limestone, Ky., 
which, we understand, was the same 
as Maysville, Ky., now. Evident- 
ly he had made his home in the 
Kanawha Vallev in the year 1786 
and he remained at such home until 

he left for Missouri in 1799, as he 
was in Kanawha County in 1798 en- 
gaged in making a survey. 

( See Dr. Hales Account of Boone, 
and R. G. Thwaites Life of Boone.) 

His work both in Kentucky and 
Virginia was searching out choice 
lands and making surveys for in- 

On. June 18, 1788, he wrote from 
Hanover, Virginia, and stated that 
all were well, and that he had been 
on a visit to Pennsylvania in 1781, 
and on February 12, 1788, he with 
his wife, Rebecca, and his son Na- 
than had spent a month in Berks 
County, Pennsylvania. 

The supposition is that he re- 
moved from the mouth of the Ka- 
nawha River and came up said riv- 
er and located a few miles above 
the mouth of Elk River in 1787. He 
lived at his home opposite the 
mouth of Campbell 's Creek, when 
the first salt spring was discovered, 
and his house would now be in 
* * Kanawha City. * ' This salt spring 
brought to it many animals, such as 
deer, elk, buffalo and everything 
else that wanted salt. His house 
was a double, two-storied, loghouse, 
with passway between the two 
rooms, and with a porch in front, 
which was a very comfortable res- 
idence for his family. 

Boone did not talk much, and 
wrote less, hence, he was not much 
of a record-maker, and there were 
not crowds to which he could talk 


R«gitt«r of the Kentucky state Historical Society, 

every day. He had no post office, 
and no mail carriers, and his let- 
ters, sent or received, were few and 
far between, and those were short, 
and on business purely. 

He was engaged in making loca- 
tions of choice lands, killing ani- 
mals, and taking their skins and 
furs. He has always been spoken 
of &s an unusually quiet man, one 
who seldom spoke of himself, ex- 
cept in reply to questions. He seems 
to have had no conception of fear, 
and it is said that hunters are not 
given to speech-making, nor of 
making any noise or disturbance of 
any kind, that would drive away 
game, or gave notice to Indians 
where scalps might be found, and 
then he was not a good scribe, was 
a bad speller, and his records were 
generally made on beech trees. 

The first we heard of Boone was 
when he presented himself at the 
home of Daniel Huddleston, which 
was then where the town of Boone 
now is, not far below the Kanawha 
Falls. He called one evening at 
the Huddlestons' and asked permis- 
sion to remain all night. He had 
his rifle and a pack ; he seemed quiet 
and tired, and retired early after 
supper. When Mr. Huddleston 
arose in the morning, he found that 
the stranger had arisen and gone 
out, but had left his pack, and soon 
returned, and said he had been look- 
ing for game, and indications of 
beavers at the river, and after 
breakfast told the son of Mr. Hud- 
dleston to go with him and he would 
show him how to trap the beavers. 

Boone went up the Kanawha to 
Gauley Eiver, and then up that 
stream; also went up the New Eiv- 
er, and he also went up the Ohio 

Eiver and out into Ohio, hunting 
for beavers. 

The county of Kanawha was 
made by the Act of 1788, and was 
organized in October, 1789. He was 
made Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
militia, and was also elected to the 
House of Delegates of Virginia in 
1791.* He made a survey of Point 
Pleasant, on Crooked Creek, where 
the battle of Point Pleasant was 
fought in 1774. 

(See Hales Trans-Allegheny Pio- 
neers for this survey.) 

He was said to have walked 
through from Kanawha to Staun- 
ton and on to Eichmond, with his 
gun, and after tiring with legisla- 
tion, he picked up his gun and re- 
turned to his home. 

On December 12, 1791, Daniel 
Boone, while Lieutenant-Colonel, 
made a report to Governor Lee, in 
relation to the protection of the in- 
habitants. It will be remembered 
that Kanawha County began on the 
Ohio Eiver at Belleville, near the 
mouth of the Little Kanawha, now 
Parkersburg, and from thence 
down the Ohio to mouth of Big 
Sandy, over one hundred miles ; 

^'For Kanawha County, 68 pri- 
vits, Leonard Cooper, Captain at 
Pint Plesant, 17 men— John Morris, 
Juner Insine, at Bote yards, 17 
men. Two spyes or scouts will be 
necessary at the Pint to search the 
banks of the river at the crossing 
places; more would be wanting if 

*He was also Senator from Fayette 
County, Kentucky, in the General Assembly 
of Virginia. This fact as to Ills legislative 
service may T)e found recorded in the Jour- 
nal called "The Washingtonian," officially 
published by the General Assembly of Vir- 
ginia at the time. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 


they could be aloud — ^these spyes 
must be composed of the inhabi- 
tants who will know the woods and 
waters from the Pint to Belleville, 
60 miles, no inhabitants — Also from 
Pint to Elke, 60 miles, no inhabi- 
tants—From Elk to Bote Yards, 20 
miles, all inhabited.*' 

In 1792, Boone was assessed with 
personal property, and also in 1793 ; 
he owned horses and negroes, and 
his son Jesse was also assessed in 
1793. It was in 1793 the Governor 
ordered a company to proceed to 
the mouth of Elk Eiver, on the Ka- 
nawha River, and to keep out scouts 
from thence to the Ohio River, on 
the lookout for Indians. Captain 
Caperton was in command, and 
Boone was quartermaster and com- 
missary. It was said that Captain 
Caperton and Quartermaster Boone 
did not harmonize in their military 
notions, and Boone picked up his 
hat and left the camp, which was at 
the mouth of Elk, now Charleston 
River. He was gone for several 
days without consulting anyone; 
some of the scouts ran across him 
down on the Ohio River and told 
him they were out of rations, and 
asked for explanations. He told 
them that *' Captain Caperton did 
not do to his liking.** 

Boone had (500) five hundred 
acres of land surveyed for himself 
from the Kanawha to the Ohio 
River, in September, 1798. He ob- 
tained his patent for this land in 
1800, and the same is in the Audit- 
or's oflSce in Charleston, West Vir- 
ginia. This land was assessed with 
tax in the name of Daniel Boone for 
years 1802 and 1803. 

In 1795, Boone made a survey 
from Coal River to Big Sandy of 

200,000 acres, covering Coal River, 
Guyandotte, Twelve Pole Creek, 
and somewhere on this line there 
was found in after years these 
names cut on a beech tree, viz: 
Daniel Boone, Geo. Arnold, Ed- 
mund Price, Tomas Upton, and An- 
drew Hatfield. 

He made another survey in Sep- 
tember, 1798, which was supposed to 
have been his last, and it is certain 
that he did not leave until the 
spring of 1799. He made his boat, 
got his property all therein with his 
family at the mouth of Elk, and 
from there he started, after setting 
the day, and all the people in the 
county met to bid him farewell. 

** Daniel Boone resided in Kana- 
wha until 1799, when he decided to 
go to Missouri (in response to the 
invitation of the Spanish Governor 
of that Territory, who wished to 
honor and reward him). When he 
decided to go West, the day and 
date was set of his departure from 
the mouth of Elk, and given out to 
the public, and the entire country 
came to see him start in his canoes. 

'* Daniel Boone was one of the re- 
markable men of his time. He was 
a pioneer, explorer, frontiersman, 
hunter, Indian fighter, and pilot of 
civilization. ' * 

(History of Kanawha County, 
West Virginia, Vol. I., page 88.) 

It was in 1847 there was a new 
county to be formed in the Virginia 
Legislature, and Mr. Ballard, from 
Morrocco, told the story of Flinn 
and his family being killed on the 
Kanawha by the Indians and the 
daughter, Chloe, being captured and 
carried away a prisoner, when Dan- 


fl«aitter of thm Kentucky aiate Hi«li»rloal •oeloty. 

iel Boone and some men followed 
and rescued her; but the house be- 
ing burned, he took her to his own 
home, cared for and educated her, 
and she became the mother of Mr. 
Ballard. The county was called 
' ' Boone. '' (See Richmond Enquir- 
er, 1847, where the speech was 

Habbiet Boone. 

In November, 1812, Thomas Ew- 
ing went down the Kanawha River 
on a keel boat, on his way home, he 
having been at work at the salt 
works on the Kanawha, and on the 
boat going down the river, among 
the passengers was the family of a 
son of Daniel Boone, the celebrated 
pioneer. He had with him a daugh- 

ter, Harriet, a handsome, educated 
young lady, who made the tedions 
journey pleasant. Mr. Ewing says 
she pleased him; they talked of 
books and poetry. He left the boat 
at Point Pleasant, while the Boones 
continued their journey down the 

The only son of Daniel Boone that 
was in the Kanawha Vallev was 
Jesse Boone, who remained here 
when his father went to Missouri, 
and Jesse was Salt Inspector of the 
Kanawha Salt Works, while he re- 
mained in Kanawha, and evidently 
Miss Harriet was his daughter. 
Mr. Ewing did not say that he ever 
did or did not meet her afterward. 
— (From the Ohio Arch, and Hist. 
Quarterly, January, 1913.) 


A Bronze Bust of Nathaniel Southgate Shaler 

Presented to the State Historical Society 




Tribute to Prof. Shaler by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, 
Regent of Kentucky State Historical Society. 




Mr. R. A. F. Penrose, of Phila- 
delphia, has presented the State 
Historical Society with a bronze 
bust of Prof. Nathaniel Southgate 
Shaler, one of the most distinguish- 
ed Kentuckians who has adorned 
the Commonwealth since the Civil 
War. He was born February 20, 
1841— died April 10, 1906. 

In 1875, Governor James B. Mc- 
creary appointed him State Geolo- 
gist of Kentucky, and he served as 
such during his term, and until 
1880. Governor McCreary, who is 
again Governor of Kentucky (1913) 
says of him: *'He was the best 
equipped geologist Kentucky ever 
had, and indeed, was the most com- 
petent one in the United States,*' 
and Governor McCreary's opinion 
of Mr. Shaler is accepted by the 

His four annual reports while di- 
recting the Kentucky Geological 
Survey attracted the attention of 
the world, not only that they in- 
formed the public of the riches of 
the soil of Kentucky, but his schol- 
arly and direct style of intellectual 
and scientific descriptions of the 
aspects and conditions of the earth 
was so unusual that the learned so- 
cieties of the world hailed him, as 
astronomers hail a new and won- 
derful star. His ** First Book on 
Geology" was so appreciated 
abroad that it was translated into 
German, Russian and the Polish 

As Professor of Geology in Har- 
vard University, he easily became 
eminent as a teacher and succes- 
sively as an author. His two books, 
*' Kentucky, * * and his ** Autobiogra- 
phy,** have stamped an imperisha- 
ble luster upon his native State, 
Kentucky. His world-wide honors 
were won in the East, where his 
commanding talent was appreciated 
and developed in science and lit- 
erature to a marvelous extent. As 
Geologist, Poet, Scientist, Histo- 
rian, his books and reports by 
pamphlets would fill volumes if 
listed. He wrote upon every sub- 
ject worthy of the attention of a 
historian, poet and scientist, and in 
all he was read with profound at- 
tention and study. 

Kentuckians recognized him as a 
great man, and as a Son of the Soil 
they were proud to claim him every- 
where, but his life being spent in 
the East, and his usefulness as a 
great teacher, scholar and author 
there, they did not know him in his 
later life, nor comprehend the mag- 
nitude of his work in literature and 
science. In these high departments 
of knowledge he had eclipsed his 
companions in Kentucky so far they 
did not keep in touch with him after 
he removed to Harvard University. 
The prayer of his youth was fulfilled 
in his life. It was this we learn 
from his '* Autobiography, * * Vol. I, 
page 411. 

He said, ''AH things do proph- 


Register of the Kentueky State Historical Society. 

esy the life to come;** more than 
thus, the prayer he uttered when a 
mere youth had been amply ful- 
filled: '*0h Power, who has given 
me being, grant to me the strength 
to live as becomes thy creature. 
May I stand amid the changes that 
whirl around me untouched and 
unbroken, and when it shall please 
Thee to end my days, may I not 
have lived in vain.'* 

Could his spirit look down today, 
it would be touched with grateful 
appreciation to see that a pupil of 
Harvard University, his friend, 
Mt. Penrose, had honored his na- 
tive State with this bronze bust of 
himself, in delicate tribute to him 
as a great Kentuckian, who deserv- 
ed an honored place in the beautiful 
Capitol of his native State. 

Bead here, how in death, as well 
as in life. Dean Nathaniel Shaler 
was honored at Cambridge — ^where 
his death took place, April 10, 1906. 
**The announcement of Dean Sha- 
ler 's death awakened profound sor- 
row in the whole community. By 
common impulse, the flags on the 
students' clubs and on the city 
buildings were hung at half-mast, 
and on the afternoon of the funeral 
the shops in Old Cambridge were 

closed. At a meeting of the four 
undergraduate classes it was decid- 
ed that the entire undergraduate 
body, both of the College and of tbo 
Scientific School, should assemble 
and thus express their appreciation 
of the great and noble work per- 
formed bv Dean Shaler while eon- 
nected with the Universit}\ And in 
this manner, between two continu- 
ous lines of undergraduates, his re- 
mains, borne on the shoulders of 
eight students, were carried from 
his house to Appleton Chapel. 
There Bishop Lawrence read the 
Episcopal burial service, and imme- 
diately after interment took place 
at Mounf Auburn Cemetery." 

Nothing would have touched Mr. 
Shaler 's great heart — the heart that 
burned with love and sympathy for 
them — more than the sorrow of the 
young men who waited in line to 
give this last token of affection to 
their true and valiant teacher, or 
the grief shown by his associates 
and fellow-townsmen among whom 
he had lived ** unsullied with his 
journey of the day." 

Into his grave was poured the 
mingled love of youth and of friend- 
ship, old and tried. 




XT, W 9 

We are pleased to give our readers this list of Ken- 
tucky Volunteers in the Texas Eevolution, by Prof. 
James E. Winston, of Princeton University. He has 
published a very valuable and interesting history of the 
Texas Eevolution, which should be much prized by Ken- 
tuckians, whose ancestors, many of them, were soldiers 
in this war. 

In the Register of January, 1908, there is a picture of 
the Old Stephen *s Inn, where '* Santa Anna'' was a 
prisoner as he passed through Kentucky on his way 
to Washington City, having been captured at San Jacinto, 
April, 1836, by the Texas General, Sam Houston, at the 
close of the Texas Eevolution. (The article and picture 
by Prof. G. C. Downing of the Kentucky State Historical 
Society, and writer for the Eegister). — (Ed. The Eeg- 
ister). ^ 



B. H. Duvall, captain; Samuel 
Wilson, first lieutenant; J. Q. Mer- 
rifield, second lieutenant; G. W. 
Daniel, first sergeant ; J. S. Bagley, 
second sergeant (written **Bagby'^ 
in one place) ; E. P. G. Chism (Chis- 
holm), third sergeant; W. Dicker- 
son, fourth sergeant (or ''W. N. 
Dickenson'*) ; M. B. Hawkins, cor- 
poral A. B. Williams, corporal; A. 
K. Lynd, corporal; E. C. Brashear, 


T. G. Allen {''mi killed'' written 
in margin) ; J. F. Bellows, Thos. S. 

^Master RoHs, General Land Office, pages 
12, 18. 

Churchill, Jno. C. Duvall, Jno. Don- 

ohoo, Jno. HoUiday, Johnson, 

A. G. Lemond (^'Simond" also oc- 
curs) ; J. McDonald, Harvey Mar- 
tin; L. S. Simpson, C. B. Shaine, J. 
M. Adams, Wm. S. Carlson, Wm. H. 
Cole, H. W. Downman (probably a 
, Virginian); C. R. Heaskill (or "C. 
M. Heaskill"); George Dyer, Q. P. 
Kemps, Wm. Mayer (^'Magee" 
written in margin) ;Wm. Mason, 
Robt. Owens, Sharpe, S. San- 
ders, L. Tilson, B. W. Tolliver (Tal- 
iaferro), Jno Van Bibber, J. C. 
Batts (said to be from Virginia), 
Wm. Waggoner, J. K. Volker (** J. 
Q. Volkins" occurs in one place), S. 

Van Bibber, Woolrich (or 

*'Woolwick"), R. R. Rainey. 


P. S. Wyatt, captain; B. T. Brad- 
ford, first lieutenant; Oliver Smith, 
second lieutenant; William Wallace, 
first sergeant; Geo. Thayer, second 
sergeant ; Henry Wilkins, third ser- 
geant ; J. D. Rains, fourth sergeant ; 
Oliver Brown, quartermaster ; Peter 
AUen, musician. 

Bennett Butler, Gabriel Bush, 

*Of these Capt Wyatt was absent upon 
leave at the time of Fannin's Massacre. 
Bradford, Rains, Butler, Davis, and Hudson 
escaped, while Lumpkin was spared. 

Ewing Caruthers, M. Dembrinki, 
Perry Davis, Henry Dixon, T. B. 
Frizel, I. H. Fisher, Edward Fuller, 
Frederick Gebinrath (a German by 
birth, who went from Louisville in 
the fall of 1835. Was massacred at 
La Baca. See the Quarterly of 
the Texas State Historical Associa- 
tion, XIV., 166), Jas. Hamilton, E. 
D. Harrison, H. G. Hudson, J. Kor- 

tickey, Jno. Lumpkin, C. Nixon, 

Clennon, J. F. Morgan, F. Peter- 
swich, W. S. Parker, Chas. Patton, 
J. E. Parker, Wm. R. Simpson, 
Fred. Sevenian (t), Allen Wren. 


Register of the Kentucky atate Historical Society. 

Capt. B. S. Read's Company, Kentucky Voluntbebs, Commanded bi 

Col. Chas. L. Habrison to Sept. 1, 1836. 


1 June 

•^20 July 
1 June 

;•-■ I 

20 July 
1 June 
1 June 

• 20 Jtfly 

1 Sept 




BenJ. S. Read, Capt 

Thos. Recce (Rice?) I0t Lieut 

John Miller, Second Lteut... 
Jas. C. Roberteon, First Sergt 

Randall D. Heck, Second Serg. 

J. Bozarth, Third Serg. 

J. W. Mosley, Fourth Serg. 

John \Rlddle, First Corp 

J. C. Post, Second Corp.... 
Volney Carr, Third Corp... 

James Rachelder, Fourth Corp 
BenJ. Woodson, Private 

Samuel O. Fowler, Private... 

W. B. McCufdy.., 
Wm. F. Chapman. 
W. G. Klrkham... 

Chas. H. Riddle 

Jesse Davis 
Samuel Fltts 

Jas. C. Stuterville. 

V. B. Cunningham, 
David Whittlnghlll 
Thomas Armstrong 

Thomas Norrls * 

Joseph Burch 

R. Gainer 

J. F. Ros8eau..4 

W. F. H. Davis 

W. D. Hylller (Hll^ef?) 

Geo. Riddle 

James Bur ch . . i 

J. D. McBeath 

Wm. Dease 

Edw. Ferguson 

Alexander McKbtrn . . 
N. R. Mallon (MalOA?) 
W. H. Andersoii...^«. 

Jno. W. Hoyd 

Henry Howell 

6 mos. 

3 mos. 

6 mos. 
6 mod. 

6 UoS. 
6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 
6 mos] 
6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 
6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 







6 mos. 
6 mos. 


€ mos. 
€ mos. 

6 MOS. 

6 mos. 
6 mos. 
r> mos. 
3 mos. 
3 mofl. 

Rec'd of Gov't: 1 pr. pants,! 

5 yds. 'blue domestic and tiia- 
mings, 1 canteen. 

1 shirt, 1 pr. pants. 

5 yds. blue domestic and trio- 
mings, 1 canteen. 

41-2 yds. blue domestic and 
trimmings, blanket, 1 can- 

1 coat, blanket and pants. 

1 Shirt and 1 pr. pants. 

1 pr. pants. 

1 coat and 1 canteen. 

2 coats, 1 pr. pants, 1 dilrt 
1 hat, 1 canteen. 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants. 

I coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 shirt 

1 canteen. 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 blanket, 1 

1 coat, 1 pr. pantd. 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants. 

5 yds. blue domestic and tris- 
mlngs, 1 blanket, 1 sldft 

1 coat, t pr. pants, 1 shirt, 1 
pr. shoes and canteen. 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants, blanket 

1 pr. pants, 1 blanket, 1 can- 

5 yds. blue domestic and triio- 

1 blanket, 2 pr. shoes, 1 shJrt. 
1 canteen. 

2 coats, 1 pr. pants, 1 Blanket 
1 canteen. 

2 coats, 1 pr. pants, 1 blanket, 

1 canteen. 
1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 shirt 
1 coat, 1 pr. pants, blanket 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 blanket 

1 pr. pants, 1 canteen. 
1 coat, 1 shirt. 
1 pr. shoes. 

1 coat, 2 shirts. 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 shirt ^ 

1 shirt. 
1 pr. pants, 1 pr. shoes. 

1 pr. flirts, 1 pr. pAfitl. 

Register of the Kentucky State HIetorlcal Society. 


Capt. B. S. Bbad's Company — Concluded. 

20 July 
1 June 

Samuel Fowler 

E. Smith 

Hardin Waltrop 

J. Armstrong ... 
D. Dunlap ..... 
W. S. Norwell.. 
Samuel McLean 
Jno. L. Cross... 
George Francis 

3 mos. 
3 mos. 

N. C. Taylor 

Jno. 'Maxwell . . . . 
Duncan Cannon . 
Alberto Vaughau 
Samuel Frederick 
James Stephens . 

M. Forrest 

Richard Connell . 

W. B. Stiff y. 
Daniel Davis 
W. C. Harris. 

C. Cruise 
N. Drake 

20 July 

Charles P. Wialsh 

J. Peeples < 

Levi Jackson . . . , 
Jesse Rowland ., 

6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 




6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 

6 mos, 

6 mos. 

6 mos. 

3 mos. 
3 mos. 
3 mos. 
3 mos. 

1 hat. 

1 coat, blanket, 1 pr. pants. 

1 canteen. 


1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 canteen^ 

1 blanket 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 blanket 
1 canteen. 

1 coat, 1 pr. pants, 1 canteen. 
I coat 1 pr. pants, 1 blanket, 

1 canteen. 
1 coat 1 pr. pants, blanket, 

1 canteen. 
1 coat 1 pr. pants, "blanket, 

1 canteen. 
1 coat, 1 pr. pants, blanket, 

1 canteen. 
1 coat, 1 pr. pants, blanket 

1 canteen* 
1 coat, 1 pr. pants, blanket, 

1 canteen. 

1 coat 1 pr. pants, 1 'blanket 1 
pr. shoes, 1 canteen. 

Capt. Price's Company, Kentucky Volunteers, Commanded by Col. 

Chas. L. Harrison, to Sept. 1, 1836. 





1 June 

James Pope Price, Capt 

€ mos. 

Hec'd from Gov't: 1 pair shoes 

1 June 

Jas. B. Combs, First Lieut. . . . 

During War 

1 pr. shoes. 

4 June 

Wm. P. Brashear, Sec. Lieut. 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes. 

4 June 

Jas. M. Morton, Comet 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes. 

6 June 

Wm. H. Shadburn, First Sorgt 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes, 1 shirt, 1 pr. pants, 
1 jacket. 

9 June 

Jas. J. White, Sec. Serg 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes. 

10 June 

James Fennel. Third Serg 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes. 

10 June 

Catlet Burnet Fourth Serg... 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

10 June 

Henry Rfchardson, First Corp. 

fi mos. 

1 pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

7 June 

M. L. Raider. Sec. Com 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes, 2 shirts 

10 June 

Wm. Webber, Third Corp---. 

6 mos. 

1 pr. shoes, 1 shirt, 1 pr. pants. 


Register of the Kentucky State Hietorleel Society. 

Capt. Price's Company — Concluded . 

10 Jane 
20 July 
10 June 
10 June 
20 May 
20 May 

1 June 

20 Mar 

10 Jane 

7 Jane 

10 June 

10 June 

8 June 
10 June 

20 July 
20 July 

20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 
20 July 

Dan'l Duncan, Fourth Corp... 

Henry Alderson, Private 

Douglas Brown 

Hansford Copendolphier 

Jas. H. Cox 

Jas. B. Cox 

Jas. B. Hardy 

Henry Smock 

Andrew Bodln 

John Hews 

A. T. MoQee 

Geo. W. Spencer 

Thos. J. Church 

Elijah iL. Garrett 

W. T. Bvins 

Christopher Benelle 

EHsy Russell 

Jos. D. Rice 

Wm. Bratton 

John McLaughlin 

James Caple ...« 

'Charles Duncan 

C. G. Fenner 

Bluford Garrett 

Philip Riven 

James Flenner 

John H. Bigerly 

Jas. Rees 

J. C. Cash ..., 

Peter R. Kendle 

Edw. R. Grune 

Wim. W. Nichols 

Christopher Ludwlck 

Lorenzo P. Kean 

Lewig Stewart 

Norman Shedon 

D. W. -Sanders 

Richard Parker 

Stephen Sanders 

Daniel Tumey 

Wm. Gllmore 

Conley Dease 

James Murray 

Charles Haywood •. . 

Wm. Haywood 

McGready Montgomery 

E. S. Camphell 

J. C. Bradford 

Philip Dickson 

Thos. Hall 1 

A. Gragnon 

W. C. Thayer 

Clark L. Owen 

James Hesselgessen 

Wm. Munroe •. - 

Isaac Tindell 

J. S. Poindexter 


6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 


6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
€ mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
•6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
<6 mos. 
^ mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
<6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 

■6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos«. 
6 mos. 

6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 
6 mos. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt, 1 pr. pants. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes, 1 pr. pants. 

pr. shoes. 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes. 


pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt, 1 pr. pants 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 pr. pants. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt: 

pr. shoes, 1 pr. pants. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes, 1 pr. pantB, 1 


pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 


pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. pants, 1 jacket. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 pr. pants. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 1 pr. V^^ 


pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 1 shirt. 

pr. shoes. 

pr. shoes, 
pr. shoes. 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Capt. Hakt's Company, Buckeye Bangers of First Bbgiment, Ken- 
tucky Volunteers, op the Texas Army, Commanded 
BY Col. C. L. Harbison, Oct. 29, 1836.* 





1 June 

Wm. C. Hart, Capt 

John J. Morehead, First Sers. 

Chas. Drennan, Sec. Serg 

Geo. W. Stamlee, Th?rd Serg.. 
Morgan L. Egglesioo, Music. 

John P. H. Brent, Private 

Philip Nichols 

John J. Odanath 

John G. Camp ^ . 

Hammond Warfleld 

John T. Dllto^ 

Richmond Road 

Edwin R. Johnson 

Geo. W. Linkenhogen 

Roht. Gliflord 

Thos. B. Heam 

Thos. A. Cresa 

Jas. C. Armstrong 

Robt. H. Tobln 

Thomas HUl 

Joshua Jones 

EMw. W. Holmes 

Jas. C. Colsnan 

James Dunn 

F. L. Laa^lais 

Foster Lewis 

During War 

During War 

During War 

Durins War 

During War 

This company was a pan of 
that previously commanded 
by Capt. James Allen, which 
was since divided by order 
of the commandant of the 
Regt. with instructions from 
Brig.-Gen. Rusk, Comm.-in- 
Chief to that efCect. 

The date when joined is re- 
ported for the term they 
enlisted in the United 
•States. The company re- 
ported for duty June 26th at 

Isaac J. Wallace, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, lately a member of 
this company, died at 
Camp Johnson, (La Baca, 
Oct. 20th. On furlough. 

♦Muster Rolls, p. 106. All but six of this company were formerly a part of that com- 
manded by Capt. Allen, once editor of the Cincinnati Republican. They probably left 
Cincinnati about June 6th, and no doubt comprised among their number some Ken- 
tuckians. Their uniform was a blue bunting shirt and a white wool hat. 

List of Volunteers Who Approved the Conduct of Col. Wilson in 

Betubning Home.* 

John Claiborne (Va.), John 0. 
Knox (Va.), J. C. Osburn, M. D. 
(Va.), M. H. Short, W. G. Brecken- 
ridge, John G. Burch, D. L. Tyler, 
Patrick L. Hughlett, F. Downing, C. 
Edwards, E. H. Graves, W. H. 
Mitchell, G. L. Smith, W. D. Burint, 
Jno. M. Lemmon, John Steele, Thos. 
Handlin, D. H. Weigart, John Bow- 

ers, John Dorer, E. W. Lowrey, IJ. 
F. Eoberts, Stephen P. Terry^ 
Franklin George, H, Foree, B. J. 
Ganse, S. P. Williams, J. McQuiddy, 
Jno. Goodwin, C. A. Johnson, Jno. 
H. Burner, John Gray, W. M. C. 
Wilkerson, Theo. Kohlhass, Samuel 
McMinge, Wm. E. Massie, Wm. B. 
Grant, K. B. B. L. Winn, Edw. W. 

•Copied from the Lexington Intelligencer, Sept. 13, 1836. 


Reglttef of the Kentucky State Hietorical Society. 

List of Volxwtbers — Concluded. 

Harris, Moses Hinde, D. C. Patrick, 
T. M. Tribble, Wm. Orr, Jno. Beard, 
Wm. S. Martin, Emannuel Misen- 
better, Fielding Neal, Jno. White, 
Jas. Lahee, Arthur Beese, A. Pier- 
att, Jno. 0. Hurt, Jno. Bell, Wra. 
Mordson, David Hardin, Jno. S. 
Vaughan, J. M. Shannon, Lenzie 
Tyowell, Wm. Byrnes, M. Hard- 
castle, Ralph Gilpin, H. W. Davis, 
Horatio Grooms, W. Eckles, Jno H. 
Whitehurst, Offa L. Shivers (Ala.), 
J. W. Henderson, W. A. Hall, John 
Jett, Stephen Jett, Wm. Jett, Wm. 
Mobly, Henrv T. Theobald, Wm. 
Haddan, B. M. Cunningham, Elliott 
Armstrong, Jno. M. Johnson, P. H. 
Harriss, Arch Bullock, Pallas Love, 
A. W. Gallion, Geo. B. Jones, A. G. 

Pointer, Jas. Downing, Richard 
Yeatman, Jas. McLane, Geo. A. 
Ross, A. W. Chambers, Samuel 
Shackelford, J. T. Wilson, Eli H. 
Graves, Jas. Linsey, Jno. Riley, 
Peter Gucher, W. B. Almand, Ark 
Dunlap, Gabriel Long, Jno. I)a\'is, 
Berryman Stout, Samuel Mitchell, 
Richard Naurnan, Geo. B. White, 
Wm. J. King, Chas. Howell, W. A. 
Verbryke, Henry Hacher, Wm. De- 
la ney, S. T. Yowell, E. C. Jones, J. 
Rose, J. M. Crane, Francis Fry, 
Jno. Tomson, E. Taylor, G. Lynn, S. 
WooUey, Wm. Burch, Jno. U. Laf an, 
Andrew Armstrong, C. M. Jones, P. 
M. Hawkins. — Copied from the 
Lexington Intelligencer, Sept. 13, 

Texas Emigrants Under Command of Colonel Wilson, Who Left 

New Orleans for Texas.* 

E. J. Wilson, H. Grooms, G. L 
Postlethwaite, S. Wooley, B. Gause 
J. U. Laf on, W. Rogers, J. M. Shan- 
non, E. Branham, J. Branham, L 
M. Kline, W. S. Burch, W. Eccles 
P. H. Harris, W. Findleman, S 
Steele, W. H. Davis, J. S. Shivers 

Forney, J. W. Henderson, M 

H. Short, C. J. Winn, W. Maney, A 
Eraser, W. A. Tremper, T. McRure 
A. Perat, P. Gucker, W. Akin, E 
Graves, M. Wright, W. Church, J 
Tade, J. P. Wood, J. H. Burner, R 
Patterson, G. Cups, H. Goodlow, W 
Kelly, A. Armstrong, R. F. Roberts 
L. Coleman, J. Anderson, C. Jones 
M. Lee, J. Wilkinson, J. Wethers 
P. Love, J. McQuiddie, S. Daven 
port, S. Shackelford, H. Forse, 

*Lexington InteUlgencer, June 22, 1836. 

Wing, T. M. Tribble, W. Orr, W. C. 
Patrick, J. Goodwin, R. H. Tabit, 
R. M. Cunningham, B. Stout, 6. B. 
Jones, H. Veech, R. Ritchie, J. Lind- 
sey, W. Martin, N. Gallion, W. 
West, A. Dunlap, C. Johnson, J. 
Downing, B. Hawkins, R. Yeatman, 
W. Ragan, G. H. Wallace, W. H. 
Breckenridge, W. Hughey, J. Bow- 
ers, R. Stivers, W. E. Prohert, S. 
Gregg, J. S. Vaughan, S. McMich- 
ins, W. A. Verbryke, S. P. Terry, 
J. Searfield, A. Reese, H. B. Theo- 
bald, W. Haddan, H. S. Day, J. 
Renson, W. Kenny, C. S. Brown, S. 
Jett, J. Jett, W. Hunter, S. P. Stare, 
S. Snodfirrass, S. Noble, A. J. West, 
W. C. Wilkinson, E. Armstrong, Dr. 
Gray, P. Williams, T. Kohlass, W. 
Jett, K. Winn, W. Grant, J. Beard, 
G. DeCourey, C. Brown, M. Han a, 

Regitter of the Kentucky State Hiitorlcal Society. 


TsitAs Emigrants— Concluded 

J. Jennings, W. Hardcastle, A. C. 
Ogden, T. D. Allen, H. Hockett, H. 
Owens, D. Delany, W. Baxter, T. 
Hann, J. T. Davis, D. Steel, M. Ho- 
gan, L. C. Linsey, J, C. Havens, J. 
Hausley, W. A. Hall, G. Lynn, J. 
H. Ashby, J. Rose, E. Chism, F. 
Neal, L. D. Bacens, J. Davis, J. T. 
Wilkinson, N. H. Fisher, P. J. 
Smith, W. Brook, A. Young, F. 
George, F. Fry, J. Thomsson, J. 
White, J. Vanderpool, A. Samuels, 
A. Rutherford, J. White, J. Clark, 
J. Florence, E. C. AUender, J. H. 
Smith, D. Weighart, E. Wells, E. 
Danniels, E. W. Lowry, E. Meisen- 
heter, J. W. Bush,, E. Harris, R. 
Bell, A. G. Painter, P. Tourainne, A. 
Vashleskie, A. Robert, J. Downing, 

C. J. Alexander, B. M. Heusley, A. 
Hogden, G. McCinnihan, S. Mitch- 
ell, J. W. Dennegan, T. W. Murray, 
A. Owen, R. Bowman, J. Bridges, 
W. Delane, A. Page, J. Ryley, M. 
Ryan, J. Lager, E. Campbell, C. Ed*' 
wards, J. Cahee, J. Hurt, C. G. 
White, R. W. Gilpin, J. H. Single- 
ton, T. Fulton, J. M. Cram, W. Mor- 
ris, J. McLean, P. Hanly, P. F. 
Downing, G. Long, J. C. Burch, J. 
M. Lemmon, Jas. Campbell, David' 
Harding, Patrick Hartlett, D. L. 
Tyee, M. Gallagher, A. McDugal, D. 
S. Tyre, H. M. Wright, D. Pottan, J. 
Holland, J. Shields, T. Dodman, M. 
McLane. — ^Lexington Intelligencer, 
June 22, 1836. 

Kentucky Emigrants Whose Names do not Occur in the 

Foregoing Lists. 

Patrick Doyle. (This man and the 
three following were from Lexing- 
ton, Ky.) 




Adam Mosher. (Both Mosher 
and Mclver were members of the 
*'New Orleans Greys.'*) 

Marshall B. Mclver. 

W. P. Bradbum. (Left Louis- 
ville in the '^ Flash. *0 

Darwin M. Stapp. (Said to have 
joined the army in 1835. Appointed 
cornettist by general council, March 
10, 1836.) 

Alfonso Steele. (The last survi- 
vor of the battle of San Jacinto was 
a native of Hardin County, Ky., 
where he passed seventeen years of 

his life before joining the volun- 
teers to Texas, after a sojourn of 
little over a year in Louisiana. See 
his biography published by N. P. 

Robert J. Calder. (Appointed 
third lieutenant in the Artillery by 
the general council. Commander of 
Company K, Burleson's regiment, 
Cf. Thrall, History of Texas, pp. 
519-521, and The Quarterly IV., 

J. M. Allen. (Acting Major of 
Company A, of the regular army at 
San Jacinto, Cf. Thrall, p. 478.) 

Albert Sidney Johnston. 

Wesley Askins. 

J. S. Collard. 

Robt. Carlisle. 

R. C. Dorm. 


Register of the Kentucky state Historical Society. 

Kentucky Emigbants — Concluded 

N. W. Eastland. (This name and 
those following are those of Ken- 
tuckians who are said to have emi- 
grated in 1835 or 1836 and served 
in one military capacity or another. 
Baker, Texas Scrap Book, p. 585.) 

Archibald Gibson. 

R. D. McAnnelly. 

Jesse L. McCracklin. 

W. H. McGill. 
Jno. D. Morgan. 
Lipscomb Norvell. 
Wm. B. Price. 
J. H. Singleton. 
Jno. Steele. 
B. O. Stout. 
Sanders Walker. 







The surrender at Detroit by Gen- 
eral Hull (August 16, 1812) of the 
whole Army of the Northwest then 
in the field, followed on January 22, 
1813, by the disastrous defeat and 
massacre of the Kentuekians at the 
River Raisin, were both deadening 
and paralyzing blows, and seemed 
more than suflSeient to entirely dis- 
pirit the American commander in 
that quarter, General William Hen- 
ry Harrison. But so far was that 
from being the case. General Har- 
rison immediately began prepara- 
tions for an active winter campaign. 
About the 1st of February, 1813, he 
established a fortified camp just be- 
low the rapids of the Maumee River 
in Ohio, about twelve miles above 
where that river flows into Lake 
Erie. This camp he named ^*Fort 
Meigs,** in honor of Return Jona- 
than Meigs, who was at that time 
Governor of Ohio. 

The site of the fort was well 
chosen, for it occupied a point which 
afforded great facilities for keeping 
open communication with Kentucky 
and Ohio; and it also enabled him 
to protect the American settlers on 
the borders of Lake Erie, and to op- 
erate against the British headquar- 
ters at Maiden, on the Canadian 
shore of Lake Erie, as well as 
against Detroit, Michigan, which 
was then held by a British force. 

General Harrison endeavored to 
concentrate a strong force at Fort 
Meigs, so he might push the winter 
campaign with vigor, and if possi- 
ble, take Maiden and retake De- 
troit, while the Detroit River was 
solidly frozen. The ice would af- 
ford him a bridge upon which to 
cross his troops, while the enemy's 
ships were frozen up in Lake Erie, 
and could not interfere with his 
movements. His position at Fort 
Meigs was about the best in the 
Northwest as a base for offensive 
military movements, and its pos- 
session by the Americans gave the 
British much uneasiness and alarm. 
General Harrison went into camp 
at Fort Meigs with about eighteen 
hundred men, and ordered all the 
troops at the posts in the rear to 
join him immediately, as he desired 
to march against Maiden about the 
middle of February and capture 
that post, and thus in some measure 
retrieve the disasters to the Ameri- 
can arms in the Northwest. He was 
however, greatly interfered with in 
his plans and hampered in his move- 
ments by the Secretary of War, 
General Armstrong. No other 
troops were sent him, the terms of 
enlistment of those already in the 
fort began to expire, and his force, 
already small, was greatly reduced 
by this means, and at one time 


Register of the Kentucky state Historical Society. 

amounted to no more than two hun- 
dred men. In this extremity he ap- 
pealed to Governor Shelby, of Ken- 
tucky, requesting that a corps of 
fifteen hundred men be raised in 
Kentucky immediately, and march- 
ed to his camp without delay. The 
Kentucky Legislature was in ses- 
sion at the time (February 15, 
1813), and passed an act calling 
three thousand of the militia of the 
State into the field. These men 
were organized at once into four 
regiments, under Colonels Dudley, 
Boswell, Cox and Caldwell, the 
whole forming a brigade under the 
command of Brigadier General 
Green Clay.* 

The regiments of Dudley and 
Boswell, fifteen hundred men, were 
ordered to rendezvous at Newport, 

(*) As it may be interesting to the 
reader to know what constituted the pri- 
vate outfit of a Brigadier (General of Ken- 
tucky militia in the War of 1812, the follow- 
ing "List of articles for camp," carried to 
the North-western frontier by General Green 
Clay is subjoined, viz.: 

"Trunk, portmanteau and fixtures, flat- 
iron, coffee-mill, razor strop, box, etc., ink- 
stand and bundle of quills, ream of paper, 
three halters, shoe-brushes, blacking, saddle 
and bridle, tortoise-shell comb and case, 
box of mercurial ointment, silver spoon, 
mattress and pillow, three blankets, three 
sheets, two towels, linen for a cot, two vol- 
umes of McKenzie's Travels, two maps, 
spy-glass, gold watch, brace of silver mount- 
ed pistols, umbrella, sword, two pairs of 
spurs, one of silver. Clothes: Hat, one pair 
of shoes, one pair of boots, regimental coat, 
great-coat, bottle-green coat, scarlet waist- 
coat, striped jeans waistcoat, blue cassi- 
mere and buft cassimere waistcoat, two 
pair cotton colored pantaloons, one pair 
bottle-green pantaloons, one pair queen- 
cord pantaloons, one pair buff short 
breeches, one pair red flannel drawers, one 
red flannel waistcoat, red flannel shirt, five 
white linen shirts, two check shirts, nine 
cravats, six chamois, two pair thread stock- 
ings, three pair of thread socks, hunting 
shirt, one pair of leather gloves, one pair 
of woolen gloves." 

Kentucky, on April 1, and to march 
thence to Fort Meigs; but three 
companies of Dudley's regiment 
had been sent forward in March to 
the fort, making forced marches by 
way of Urbana, Ohio, and ** Hull's 
Trace,'' and they reached P^ort 
Meigs on April 12. On April 7 the 
march of the remainder of the 
troops began, from Cincinnati, after 
a spirited address by their com- 
mander, General Clay, who said 
(inter alia): * * Kentuckians stand 
high in the estimation of our com- 
mon country. Our brothers in arms 
who have gone before us to the 
scene of action have acquired a 
fame which should never be forgot- 
ten by you — a fame worthy of your 
emulation. • * * Should we en- 
counter the enemy, remember the 
fate of your butchered brothers at 
the River Raisin — ^that British 
treachery produced their slaugh- 

The tw^o regiments of Kentucky 
militia comprising the force that 
jnarched (April 7, 1813) from Cin- 
cinnati for Fort Meigs, were Colo- 
nel William Dudley's, consisting of 
eleven companies (including the 
three companies that had gone in 
advance) under Captains John D. 
Thomas, Armstrong Kier, James 
Dyametto, Joseph Clark, John Yan- 
tis, Archibald Morrison, Dudley ^ 
Farris, Ambrose Arthur, Joel Hen- 
ry, Thomas Lewis and John L. Mor- • 
rison ; and Colonel William E. Bos- 
well 's regiment of eight companies, 
commanded by Captains William 
Sebree, John Thomas, Thomas Met- 
calfe, Manson Seamonds, Isaac 
Gray, Peter Dudley, John Baker 
and John Walker. These troop? 
followed General Winchester's old 

ftegitter of the Kentucky State Hietorieal Society. 


route to ttie Maumee, that is, by way 
of Dayton, Fraiilinton (now Co- 
lumbus), through Upper Sandusky, 
to Lower Sandusky. At Dajrton 
they were overtaken by Leslie 
Combs, of Lexington, Kentucky, a 
brave and ardent youth of nineteen 
years, whose brilliant services as a 
scout in the River Baisin campaign 
were well known to General Clay, 
who at once commissioned Combs 
as captain of a company of scouts, 
the members of which were to be 
selected by him from Dudley's reg- 
iment. The command reached St. 
Mary's Blockhouse, on the St. Ma- 
ry's Eiver, about April 28th, where 
for the present we shall leave them. 

• * * 

As early as April 7, 1813, General 
Henry Proctor, commander of the 
British forces in the Northwest, be- 
gan assembling the Canadian mili- 
tia and his Indian allies at Amherst- 
burg, near Maiden, in Canada. 
With these and the 41st Regiment 
of British Regulars, he had by April 
23 an army of more than thirty-two 
hundred men, who that day em- 
barked for Fort Meigs. On April 
28, the British columns appeared on 
the opposite bank of the river from 
the fort, and established a camp 
and some heavy batteries of artil- 
lery there, where the guns could 
command the fort. On the same day 
a number of British troops and In- 
dians crossed the river and took 
position, with a mortar battery, in 
the rear of Fort Meigs, which was 
thus completely surrounded and in- 
vested. Harrison then had in the 
fort only about twelve hundred men, 
and, although he had some artillery, 
he was very insufficiently supplied 
with ammunition for it. During the 

1st, 2nd and 3rd of May the bat- 
teries of the enemy poured inces- 
sant showers of shell and solid shot 
into the fortification, and the In- 
dians climbed trees in the vicinity 
and kept up a galling and incessant 
fire of musketry upon the garrison, 
which was making a heroic defense. 
It was in this situation that General 
Harrison received a demand (May 
3) from Proctor for the surrender 
of the garrison, which was promptly 
refused, General Proctor being in- 
formed that if he obtained posses- 
sion of the fort it would not be by 
capitulation. Harrison was in a 
very precarious position, and his 
troops all knew it ; but it seems that 
they were in nowise dismayed. 

• « « 

At St. Mary's Blockhouse Gen- 
eral Clay divided his corps, sending 
Dudley's regiment to the Auglaize 
River, which he was to descend in 
boats ; while Clay himself descended 
the St. Mary's River with Boswell's 
regiment; and the two regiments 
were to unite again at Fort Defiance. 
While on the way down the Au- 
glaize, Dudley received news of 
Harrison's perilous situation at 
Fort Meigs, and he called for volun- 
teers to undertake the dangerous 
and almost certainly fatal task of 
going to apprize General Harrison 
that help was near. Captain Leslie 
Combs at once volunteered to lead 
such a party, and chose for his com- 
panions two brothers named Walk- 
er, two other white men named Pax- 
ton and Johnson, and a young In- 
dian named Blackfish, who was a 
grandson of Blackfish, the noted 
warrior who led the attack upon 
Boonesborough, Kentucky, in 1778. 
On May 1st this party left Fort De- 


R«aM*r •# tiie Kentucky Stale MttoriMi B oeie t y, 

fiance in a canoe, amidst the enthu- 
siastic cheers and plaudits of the 
whole army. It was the universal 
belief that these six scouts would all 
lose their lives in this heroic and 
highly perilous enterprise. They 
shot the rapids of the Maumee in 
safety early next morning, about 
the time the British began their 
daily cannonading of the fort. 
When within a mile (and within 
right) of the fort, where by the 
dawn's early light they could see 
that the star-spangled banner in 
triumph still waved, they were at- 
tacked at a narrow point in the river 
by a large party of Indians, who 
fired a volley which killed Johnson 
and wounded Paxton. Blackfish, 
who was at the helm, ran the canoe 
to the opposite shore; and after a 
march of two days and two nights 
through the wilderness he and 
Combs reached Fort Defiance, 
where General Clay, with BoswelPs 
regiment, had also just arrived. 

The whole force then immediately 
re-embarked and pressed forward 
toward Fort Meigs as rapidly as 
possible. The men were in eighteen 
large scows. They reached the 
hewi of the rapids (eighteen miles 
from Fort Meigs) late in the even- 
ing of May 4th. The night was in- 
tensely dark and the pilot refused to 
proceed further until daylight next 
morning. Major David Trimble, of 
BoswelPs regiment, with a party 
of fifteen volunteers, marched 
through the Indian-infested forest 
to Fort Meigs, which they reached 
at midnight, bearing the glad tid- 
ings that General Green Clay with 
twelve hundred Kentuckians was 
only eighteen miles away, and 
would probably reach the post be- 
fore morning. 

O-efieral Harrison at oiioe dis- 
patched Captain Hamilton and a 
subaltern in a canoe to Glav's 
bivouac at the head of the rapids, 
and he delegated to Hamilton the 
authority to deliver verbally to Clay 
the following orders : 

^'You must detach about eight 
hundred men from your brigade 
and land them at a point I will 
show you, about a mile or a mile 
and a half above Camp Meigs. I 
will then conduct the detachment 
to the British batteries on the left 
bank of the river. The batteries 
must be taken, the cannons spiked, 
the carriages cut down, and the 
troops must then return to the 
boats and cross over to the fort. 
The balance of your men must land 
on the fort side of the river, oppo- 
site the first landing, and fight their 
way into the fort through the In- 
diana. The route they must take 
will be pointed out by a subaltern 
officer now with me, who will land 
the canoe on the right bank of the 
river, to point out the landing for 
the boats.'' 

These explicit orders reveal much 
of Harrison's plan. His object evi- 
dently was to strike simultaneous 
and effective blows on both banks of 
the river. While Dudley was de- 
molishing the British batteries on 
the left bank, and Clay was fighting 
the Indians on the right, he intend- 
ed to make a general sally from the 
fort, destroy the batteries in the 
rear, and disperse or capture the 
whole British force on that side of 

the river. 

• • • 

And then came "Dudley's De- 
feat," as it has ever since been 
known in Kentucky, the brutalities 
and atrocities following having 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


sent a thrill of indignation and hor- 
ror throughout the State hardly less 
violent tiStn that which followed the 
massacre at the Biver Baisin three 
months before. 

At sunrise on May 5, 1813 (just 
one hundred years ago), Gteneral 
Green Clay and his little army left 
the head of the rapids of the Mau- 
mee and descended the river in the 
eighteen scows, which were ar- 
ranged in solid column, as in line of 
march, each officer taking position 
according to his rank. Dudley, be- 
ing the senior colonel, led the van ; 
and was ordered to take the men in 
the twelve front boats and execute 
General Harrison ^s orders on the 
left bank of the river. He effected 
a landing at tiie designated place 
without difficulty, and his eight 
hundred militiamen ascended the 
bank of the river to the plain on 
which Maumee City now stands 
without being observed by the en- 
emy. There he formed his men into 
three columns, the right led by him- 
self, the left by Major James Shel- 
by, and the center (as a reserve) by 
—Captain John C. Morrison, acting 
as Major. Captain Leslie Combs, 
with thirty riflemen, including seven 
Indians, flanked in front, a full hun- 
dred yards distant. In this order 
they moved through the woods a 
full mile and a half to the British 
batteries, which were at the mo- 
ment firing briskly upon Fort 
Meigs. Dudley's troops advanced 
upon the batteries in the form of a 
crescent and rushed timaultuously 
upon the foe with the kind of yell 
which fifty years later became 
known in this country as **the Bebel 
yell.'' They captured the heavy 
guns and spiked eleven of them 

without the loss of a man, the Brit- 
ish retreating in panic and disorder. 
They pulled down the British flag, 
and as those haughty colors trailed 
to earth the victorious Dudley was 
hailed with loud cheers by his coun- 
trymen in Fort Meigs, across the 

Up to this point the orders of 
General Harrison had been strictly 
obeyed to the letter, and titie object 
of l^e expedition had been fully ac- 
complished ; and it was now the du- 
ty of Colonel Dudley to withdraw 
his men to their boats and cross the 
river to Fort Meigs, which the four 
hundred Kentuckians, under Colo- 
nel Boswell, had already entered, 
after some hard and brilliant fight- 
ing. But at the moment the British 
flag was lowered Comb's little band 
of riflemen were attacked by a party 
of Indians in ambush, and instea4 
of falling back to their boats, these 
riflemen stood their Abound and 
fought like heroes. Colonel Dudley 
ordered them to be reinforced, and 
a great part of his troops on the 
right and center columns instantly 
rushed into the woods in disorderly 
array, followed by Colonel Dudley, 
in pursuit of the retreating Indians. 
In their enthusiasm and excitement 
over this second victory, the Ken- 
tuckians lost all semblance of dis- 
cipline and order, and pursued the 
flying savages for more than two 
miles through the woods. The In- 
dians were heavily reinforced from 
the British camp, to which their 
flight had led them, and they then 
turned fiercely upon Dudley, whose 
men by this time were in utter con- 
fusion, believing that they had been 
led into an ambush. Major Shelby, 
who had remained with the cap- 


Register of the Kentucky state Hietorical Society. 

tnred guns, was attacked by a 
strong force of British Eegulars, 
who took some of the command 
prisoners and drove the others 
away. Shelby rallied the remnant 
of his command and marched to the 
aid of Dudley, where they also be- 
came mixed up in the intricate con- 
fusion. The Kentuckians were dis- 
persed and scattered in every direc- 
tion in the woods back of where 
Maumee City now stands, and their 
flight became a disorderly rout. 
After a contest of about three hours 
duration the greater part of them 
were either killed or made prison- 
ers. Of the eight hundred men who 
followed Colonel Dudley from the 
boats, only one hundred and seven- 
ty escaped to Fort Meigs. Colonel 
Dudley was wounded in the thigh 
during the fighting in the woods. 
He was a large, fleshy man, and 
when last seen he was sitting on a 
stump in a swamp, defending him- 
self as best he could against a 
swarm of savages. He was finally 
tomahawked and scalped, and his 
body was terribly mutilated. It is 
said upon credible authority that 
an Indian cut a large piece of flesh 
from one of his thighs and cooked 
and ate it. Colonel Dudley ^s home 
was in Lexington, Kentucky, and he 
was the grandfather of Colonel 
Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley, who com- 
manded a regiment of Kentucky 
Union infantry in the Civil War. 

On the surrender of Colonel Dud- 
ley's command, the prisoners were 
marched down to old Fort Miami, in 
Ohio, under an escort; and, under 
the very eyes of Proctor and his of- 
ficers, the Indians who had already 
plundered them, and murdered 
many of them on the way, were al- 

lowed to shoot, tomahawk and scalp 
more than twenty of these defence- 
less prisoners. This butchery was 
stopped by the brave Indian chief- 
tain Tecumseh, who, upon his ar- 
rival at the scene of the tragedy, 
sternly demanded of Proctor why 
he had not put a stop to the mas- 
sacre. *'Your Indians cannot l)e 
commanded,'' replied Proctor, who 
trembled with fear in the presence 
of the enraged chief. ** Begone!" 
retorted Tecumseh, **you are unfit 
to command; go and put on petti- 

Captain (afterwards Greneral) 
Leslie Combs in writing of Dudley's 
Defeat stated that at old Fort Mi- 
ami the prisoners were compelled 
to ''run the gauntlet" between two 
lines of Indians, and that in this 
race many were killed or maimed 
by pistols, war-clubs, scaJping- 
knives and tomahawks. ' ' The num- 
ber of prisoners thus slaughtered 
without any attempt at interfer- 
ence by General Proctor, who wit- 
nessed it all, was estimated at a 
number at least equal to those killed 
in the battle." 

One of the British officers who 
took part in the battle in after years 
(1826) published an account of it 
in ' * The London New Magazine, ' ' 
from which the following is ex- 
tracted : 

*'0n the evening of the second 
day after the battle I accompanied 
Major Muir, of the 41st, in a ramble 
throughout the encampment of the 
Indians, distant some few hundred 
yards from our own. The spectacle 
there oflfered to our view was at 
once of the most ludicrous and re- 
volting nature. In various direc- 
tions were lying the trunks an 1 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


boxes taken in the boats of the 
American division, and the plunder- 
ers were busily occupied in display- 
ing their riches, carefully examin- 
ing each article, and attempting to 
define its use. Several were decked 
out in the uniforms of the officers; 
and although embarrassed in the 
last degree in their movements, and 
dragging with difficulty the heavy 
military boots with which their legs 
were for the first time covered, 
strutted forth much to the admira- 
tion of their less fortunate compan- 
ions; some were habited with plain 
clothes; others had their bodies 
clad in clean white shirts, contrast- 
ing in no ordinary manner with the 
swarthiness of their skins ; all wore 
some articles of decoration, and 
their tents were ornamented with 
saddles, bridles, rifles, daggers, 
swords and pistols, many of which 
were handsomely mounted and of 
curious workmanship. Such was 
the ridiculous part of the picture; 
but mingled with these, and in va- 
rious directions, were to be seen the 
scalps of the slain drying in the sun, 
stained on the fleshy side with Ver- 
million dyes, and dangling in the 
air, as they hung suspended from 
the poles to which they were at- 
tached, together with hoops of va- 
rious sizes, on which were stretched 
portions of the human skin, taken 
from various parts of the human 
body, principally the hand and foot, 
and still covered with the nails of 
those parts; while scattered along 
the ground were visible the mem- 
bers from which they had been sep- 
arated, and serving as nutriment to 
the wolf-dogs by which the savages 
were accompanied. 

*'As we continued to advance into 
the heart of the encampment a 

scene of a more disgusting nature 
arrested our attention. Stopping at 
the entrance of a tent occupied by 
the Minoumini tribe, we observed 
them seated around a large fire, 
over which was suspended a kettle 
containing their meal. Each war- 
rior had a piece of string hanging 
over the edge of the vessel, and to 
this was suspended a food which, it 
will be presumed we heard not with- 
out loathing, consisting of a part of 
an American. Any expression of 
our feelings, as we declined the in- 
vitation they gave us to join in their 
repast, would have been resented by 
the Indians without much cere- 
mony. We had, therefore, the pru- 
dence to excuse ourselves under the 
plea that we had already taken our 
food, and we hastened to remove 
from a sight so revolting to hu- 
manity. * ^ 

On the night of May 5, the half- 
naked prisoners were taken, in a 
cold rainstorm and in open boats, 
to the mouth of Swan Creek, and 
thence to Maiden, Canada. After 
a brief confinement at that place, 
they were sent across the river, and 
at the mouth of the Huron they 
were paroled and turned loose to 
make their way as best they could 
to the nearest settlements in Ohio, 

fifty miles distant. 

• • • 

Notwithtanding Dudley's disas- 
trous defeat on the left bank of the 
Maumee, the net result of that day 's 
fighting was in effect an American 
victory. During the day General 
Harrison sent several sorties out of 
Fort Meigs to attack the British 
forces on that side of the river, and 
all of those sorties were successful. 
After May 5 the seige of Fort Meigs 
was only desujtory; and four days 


lt«tltl«r of th« Kerttiitliy tlM» HlolopiMl •oeMy>. 

later (May 9) Proctor raised the 
seige and abandoned it aKogether. 
^'In the same vessels that brought 
him to the Mamnee, Proctor re- 
turned to Amherstbarg with the re- 
mains of his little army, leaving be- 
hind him a record of infamy on the 
shores of that stream in the wilder- 
ness equal in blackness to that he 
left npon the shores of the Biver 

General Harrison, in general or- 
ders dated May 9, 1813, censured 
Colonel Dudley's men. He said: 
"It rarely occurs that a general has 

to complain of the excessive ardor 
of his men, yet such appears to be 
always the case whenever the Eec- 
tucky militia are engaged. Indeed, 
it is the source of all their misfor- 
tunes." Then, after speaking of 
their rash act in pursuing the en- 
emy, he added: **Such temerity, al- 
though not so disgraceftd, is scarce- 
ly less fatal than cowardice." 

And so it appears that it was an 
excess of bravery, and not the lack 
of it, that brought about ** Dudley's 

A Souvenir 
From the Grave of Helen Hunt Jackson 




From the Grave of Helen Hunt Jackson.* 

On one of Cheyenne lonely steeps, 
Where Nature some grand secret 

Here the majestic Singer sleeps 
Beneath a mound unique and 

It was her last, strange sad request, 
Her monument upon this crest, 
Should be of stones dropped on her 

By Tourists wandering there. 

Self-sown this flower there grew 

and gave. 
In love its bloom, beside her grave, 
Its lute-shaped leaves seem fit to 
O^er her who breathed such mel- 
Like her, it sought this spot with- 
Enshrined in clouds. — No word let 

But some pure thought of hers re- 
call — 
Some thrilling strain of min- 

*A flower brougbt me by a friend on bis 
return from Colorado. 

'Tis said life has its mountain 

She saw be-times the gleaming 

lights, • 

And for the sununits poised her 
flights — 

Her song-words thro* the clouds 
Fell down to us half understood. 

She sleeps where mountain pines 
make moan. 

Bound her mausoleum of stone. 
That snow most-while enshrouds. 

She sang the world strange rhap- 

And wound them into harmonies, 
And turned them to philosophies, 

For minds above the throng. 
She lived apart, and how she chose 
She died ^midst this sublime repose. 
Now Cheyenne *s snow-wrought cur- 
tains close 

Upon the Singer, not her song.* 

*Since tbese lines were written tbe body 
of Mrs. Jackson bas been removed from 
tbe mountain crest to tbe Cemetery at 
Colorado Springs. 



Pursuant to the proceedings and 
resolution of July, 1912, the Exec- 
utive Committee of the State His- 
torical Society, at the request of 
Governor McDermott, met at the 
Capitol on March 8th, 1913, and de- 
cided upon the inscriptions for the 
tomb of the now world-known poet, 
O^Hara. Being the author of the 
most famous martial poem in the 
English language, it was the sense 
of the Governor and the Committee 
that inscriptions conveying this 
idea should be made, not only on his 
tomb, but upon a tablet, or scroll, 
at or near it, as the illustrious poet 
and Kentuckian slept in the war- 
rior's circle he had made famous 
as *'The Bivouac of the Dead.'' 

It was, therefore, resolved that 
the following should be inscribed on 

the space, if sufficient, below his 
name on his sarcophagus: 

** Author of the immortal poem. 
'The Bivouac of the Dead.' " 

It was found these lines could be 
inscribed in handsome style. As 
soon as a bid for this work is ac- 
cepted, the inscription will be 
carved, as directed, on the tomb. 

Also bids for the tablet or scroll 
to be placed beside or near it will 
be received, on which the lines se- 
lected from **The Bivouac of the 
Dead" will be inscribed. 

Samples in picture of tablets and 
scrolls are requested before any de- 
cision will be made or contract let 
for this special work, directed by 
the State Historical Society. 
Mbs. Jennie C. Morton, 







The sincere history of any county 
is always a work to be welcomed, 
because it is always important. By 
sincere history is meant that which 
is written by the author for the love 
of his subject; his purely intellec- 
tual interest in the long dead men 
and women and events he brings to 
life again, that they may be fixed 
forever in the memories of the com- 
munities of which they were at once 
the foundations and the builders. 
There have been all too few of such 
histories written of Kentucky coun- 
ties. Too many have been hastily 
compiled; mere pretentious com- 
mercial publications, containing 
only matter previously, and often 
very incorrectly and carelessly, 
published — surface repetitions of 
eld stories in a new dress, pieced 
out by collections of current biogra- 
phies that served to make the publi- 
cation remunerative. Even these 
are not to be treated wholly with 
contempt, for at least they lay the 
foundation for preserving materials 
out of which valuable history may 
some day be made and have their 
effect in encouraging interest in the 
story of the counties. 

Kentucky is particularly rich in 
materials for the historian and the 
time is ripe for those with the gen- 
uine love of literature to turn to 
that field. The population was 
originally strong in picturesque 
character. There has not yet been 

a suflScient influx of '^outlanders^* 
to completely soften or materially 
change the stamp of the vigorous 
men and women who cleared the 
wilderness, founded the homes, 
built the institutions and created 
the ideals of the State which are 
everywhere recognized and feK 
when it is described in a plhrase as 
**The Old Kentucky Home.'' How- 
ever far away it seems under mod- 
ern surroundings to the days of the 
early settlers, it must be remember- 
ed that it was the grandfathers and 
grandmothers of the generation 
now passing off the scene who set- 
tled Kentucky and made every story 
of heroism and sacrifice and useful- 
ness that waits to be translated into 
the pages of lasting history. The 
records are yet within reach, the 
traditions are still vivid, and by the 
earnest student the voices of the 
Firstcomers themselves can almost 
be heard in the whispers of their 
grand and great-grandchildren. It 
is less than thirty years since Dr. 
C. C. Graham died, who hunted with 
Daniel Boone. 

It is in the spirit of such opportu- 
nity that Otto A. Eothert, of Louis- 
ville, has written his ** History of 
Muhlenberg County,'^ now in the 
press of John P. Morton & Co., 
Louisville, and to be out before the 
next number of this Register shall 
be pubUshed, Mr. Bothert, who is 
a young man of high ideals, is not 



Regiater of the Kentucky aute Hittorieal Society. 

even a resident of Muhlenberg ; but 
his family owns extensive timber 
lands in the county. During his 
temporary stayings there he became 
interested in the history and tradi- 
tions, still alive, of the early years 
and the growth of a resolute people 
out of beginnings that were hard 
enough to call out real character 
and develop into the present flour- 
ishing communities that are adding 
so much to the industrial wealth of 
the State. 

It is this story Mr. Rothert has 
told, after devoting all his leisure 
and personal interest for seven 
years to collecting his materials 
from dead and living witnesses, 
from dusty records and authentic 
documents — verifying, correcting 
and constructing with infinite care 
every detail of importance that 
seemed doubtful. It is in the full- 
est sense a history of the people of 
Muhlenberg, not of its principal 
towns, but of all the sturdy spirits 
in town and countrv that ffet their 
seal, however humble, upon the be- 
ginnings, and of their after influ- 
ence upon the county through their 
descendants. Fortunately, he has 
been able to disregard the question 
of remuneration and the book is not 
thrown out of ** perspective " by 
the biographies of living persons or 
the intrusion of any line that has 
not appealed to him for its merits 
of interest, truth and justice alone. 
The result will be a beautiful vol- 
ume of between five hundred and six 
hundred pages, profusely illustrat- 
ed with portraits, scenes and sou- 
venirs which will be of priceless 
value in the future. Mr. Rothert 
has spent years in hunting out of 
their dusty and forgotten comers 

old portraits, documents, letters, 
diaries and relics that he has used 
freely in photographic facsimile to 
make his pages alive with the at- 
mosphere of the past. He has trav- 
eled extensively and corresponded 
widely to procure old engravings 
and pictures of landmarks, some 
long gone, some still in existence, 
though changed. He has hunted 
with his own camera over every 
historic spot of the county, bring- 
ing the features of the dead 
past to light again. And the 
stories of early struggles, failures 
and victories that these illuminate 
with the sense of actual visualiza- 
tion he has told in nervous and ad- 
mirable style, direct, lucid and 
clear ; at times racy of the vernacu- 
lar, but at all times full of frank 
dignity and hearty sympathy with 
the period and conditions he de- 

The plan of Rothert 's "History 
of Muhlenberg '^ is essentially that 
of the modem historian, by scienti- 
fic collection of facts and their care- 
ful analysis into episodic and relat- 
ed groups that give the story of the 
people of the county in connected 
and graphic order. As the story is 
related in easy narrative style, the 
leaders among them are brought 
into the foreground and take their 
places properly on the scene. Thus, 
while the eminent men that Muh- 
lenberg gave to the State and Na- 
tion get their due attention, those 
who remained active in their own 
community alone are not neglected. 
Muhlenberg's contributions to dis- 
tinction in the early days make most 
interesting history. General Peter 
Muhlenberg, after whom the county 
was named, a Revolutionary hero, 


Register of the Kentueky 8Ute Historical 8ociot^.> 



whose service was the subject of 
song and story everywhere, was 
never there ; but some of his old sol- 
diers and comrades settled it, fixed 
his name upon the map and builded 
its first homes. But there was Al- 
ney McLean, pioneer surveyor, sol- 
dier of 1812, for many years the 
most distinguished judge of the 
western jurisdiction, and member 
of Congress; Edward Eumsey, the 
eloquent Congressman, whose uncle 
was one of the first to apply steam 
to navigation — Edward Eumsey, 
whose brilliant career was cut short 
by a pergonal sorrow that converted 
his promise into tragedy; Robert 
Maxwell Martin, the dashing parti- 
san ranger, whose daring feats dur- 
ing the Civil War have been so cel- 
ebrated since in war histories. 
These men Muhlenberg gave to the 
whole country. 

Charles Fox Wing, the eminent 
soldier and civilian officer, who was 
clerk of the county for more than 
fifty years, has his story that might 
alone make a book of fascinating 
interest. In his frontier office he 
trained to a high conception of duty 
a whole flock of young men, who 
were to go forth, as other counties 
were formed, become their officials 
and lay the foundations of correct 
knowledge and official practice all 
over Western Kentucky. He was a 
patriot widely celebrated while he 
lived for his patriotism, respected 
for it in his death during the most 
exciting hours of the Civil War, 
when the Confederate General S. B. 
Buckner gave orders that his last 
wish to be buried in the folds of the 
star-spangled banner should be 
strictly carried out, the while Con- 
federate soldiers occupied every 

street of Greenville. Another book 
might be made of the Weir family, 
pioneer merchants and bankers, 
who were not only to lay the foun- 
dation of large fortunes, but were 
through love of learning to make 
notable contributions to literature. 
James Weir, son of the pioneer, was 
the writer of a **best seller'' of his- 
torical fiction back in 1850 when his 
**Lonz Powers" surprised and de- 
lighted readers all over the coun- 
try. It seems old-fashioned now, 
but it challenged the best criticism 
then, with its vivid descriptions of 
life on the frontier among pioneer 
communities in Western Kentucky, 
reveling in the wit, humor and 
tragedy of the times. Even the pio- 
neer James Weir, Sr., left the jour- 
nal of a journey from Greenville to 
New Orleans and around bv sea to 
Philadelphia in 1803, which is full 
of interest and spirit. Isaac Bard, 
the frontier preacher, seller of Bi- 
bles, organizer of schools, general 
promoter of religious activities all 
over Western Kentucky, began his 
work in Greenville and kept a diary 
full of the light of the times and the 
people among whom he lived and 
labored. Mr. Bard was a man of 
opinions and courage, with his eyes 
and conscience open to the tenden- 
cies of politics, governmental and 
social institutions. This diary Mr. 
Bothert has rescued to make use of 
much of its intimate revelations of 
the period covered. 

From these high points of per- 
sonal elevation that made Muhlen- 
berg conspicuous, he goes with less 
detail, but with equal keen inter- 
est into the stories of the men of ^h-3 
county and the magisterial districts. 
The names of his chapters suggest 


•fltilMttr of tl«» Ktrttveky INMN Miidf Ml ^tooWly. 

the wealth of their tmn stories of 
this character: ** Some of the First- 
comers," "Courts and Conrt- 
hotrses," "The Pond River Conn- 
ttv," "Life in the Olden Days," 
"Slavery Days," "OH Liberty 
Chnrch," "The Story of 'Lonz 
Powers,' " "The Old Militia Mus- 
ter," "Greenville as Described in 
*Lonz Powers' " in 1850 — ^these are 
titles and topics .over which Mr. 
Rothert has lingered with the pa- 
tient interest and care of a sympa- 
thetic poet seeking to re-create 
faithfully and as vividly as possi- 
ble the popular life and the local 
characters and events of the golden 

Who were, and what became of, 
the men of the War of 1812, the 
War with Mexico, and the Civil 
AVart These are questions that 
ought to be asked and answered in 
every county where patriotism has 
a dwelling. Those that went out to 
battle from Muhlenberg have been 
followed whenever there was a rec- 
ord and the stories of individual 
achievements fixed from tradition 
that yet lingers but would eventual- 
ly die out but for this rescuing nar- 
rative. General Simon Bolivar 
Buckner quitted home life in Muh- 
lenberg in 1838 to go to West Point 
and there began his long and illus- 
trious career. It was to Muhlen- 
berg that General Don Carlos Buell 
went after the Civil War to write 
upon its hills and valleys the record 
of his great struggle with coal and 
iron development at Airdrie. The 
stories of the Buckners at "The 
Stack" and of Alexander and Buell 
at Airdrie are not alone intensely 
interesting accounts of industrial 
movement, but they are filled with 

the romance of settlements, colo- 
nies, personal hopes and failures, 
tragedies and comedies. "The 
Story of the Stack" and "The Par- 
adise Country and Old Airdrie" are 
enticing titles that will disappoint 
no reader in the facts to be found 
behind thefm. 

While Mr. Rothert has indulged 
a keen and appreciative lookout for 
the picturesque and * * story ' ' side of 
Muhlenberg's history, he has been 
painstaking in his record of its ma- 
terial development. If pioneer 
James Weir was personally inter- 
esting, and the accounts in his old 
ledgers of a hundred years ago 
equally interesting in another way, 
so was his practical work of busi- 
ness development and the work that 
other men did. Our historian has 
contemplated and written the ston^ 
of all that business. If the grave 
of Edward Alonzo Pennington (the 
famous outlaw "Lonz Powers" of 
fiction) is an interesting spot, so is 
the grave of the once high-promis- 
ing iron industry of the county. 
The story is told of the tobacco in- 
dustry, the wonderful coal develop- 
ment and the discouraging episode 
of the railroad bond tax controver- 
sy, that raged so many years, but 
has now passed away and left Muh- 
lenberg unfettered to work out her 
new and fast enlarging destinies. 

I have endeavored very briefly to 
indicate the scope of Rothert 's 
"History of Muhlenberg County." 
It is very much more, however, than 
can be indicated. He has quoted 
and extended the early facts collect- 
ed by Collins, devoting a lengthy, 
curious and interesting section to it. 
He has collected in an appendix the 
originals in full or in ample sum- 

Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


mary of invaluable historical docu- 
ments now practically lost to print. 
The value and beauty of his illus- 
trations is beyond praise. All these 
things together make a model for 
those to examine who contemplate 
history for its own sake — especial- 
ly county history. He has made it 
intensely interesting, not only to 
elderly readers who love to take 
stock of their memories and the 
memories of others, but to younger 
readers who can thus gain an idea 
of their ancestors, their lives and 
their deeds. 

There comes a time to every man, 
with a soul above the problem of 
daily digestion, when he becomes 
desirous of knowing who and what 
his grandfather and grandmother 
were, beyond mere family nouns. 
He awakens to discover that they 
had once been young, ardent and 
stressed with the struggles of life 
as himself has been. It is then he 
wonders what sort of people they 
were, what sort they lived among, 
the conditions of hardship or of for- 
tune that moulded them, the begin- 
nings of his father and mother. 
Then he begins to understand him- 
self, the events and the characters 
that have moulded him and will 
continue to aflfect his children and 
grandchildren *Ho the third and 
fourth generation.^' When thait 
period of contemplative inquisitive- 
ness comes the sincere volume of 

history is the light that clears it up. 
And from the grandfather the cu- 
rious eye is anxious to peer still 
further back to discover definitely 
the facts of the unerring indica- 
tions. The sturdy and often turbu- 
lent, keen and shrewd Scotch-Irish, 
who were the first settlers, in bulk 
of Muhlenberg, may not have been 
able to trace back in records the 
personal line of their ancestors, but 
the history of the smelting of the 
colonizing Scots in the turbulent pot 
of Protestant Ireland gives every 
one of them the lineaments of his 
ancestry in unmistakable portrait- 

This is the sort of history Mr. 
Rothert has written of Muhlenberg 
County. The sons and daughters of 
the county, wherever they may be, 
may look back upon it through the 
pages of his volume as through a 
field glass of time, bringing close to 
them the stories arid the conditions 
of the days of their ancestors — ^not 
a dry-as-dust compilation of mere 
dates and records; but the real re- 
creation of the times and of the 
people who made the times. Muh- 
lenberg is to be congratulated 
upon the completion of Mr. Roth- 
ert 's work and upon possessing 
what seems to me, from a full and 
careful reading of every line of his 
book, to be incomparably the best 
record of a county's history yet pre- 
pared in Kentucky. 






By A. C. Quisenberry. 

Virginia was settled at James- 
town in May, 1607, under the au- 
spices of the London Company, 
which continued to control the in- 
fant colony until 1624-5, when the 
charter of the company was revoked 
and the government of the colony 
was vested in a governor and coun- 
cil appointed by the King, together 
with a General Assembly composed 
of the governor and council, and a 
House of Burgesses elected by the 
people. The House of Burgesses 
soon became the real governing 

During the greater part of the 
time that the London Company held 
sway the right of holding private 
property in the soil of Virginia did 
not exist, except in rare instances. 
The general record of patents to 
land begins in the year 1623. Dur- 
ing the time that the affairs of the 
colonv were in the hands of the 
Company — that is, for the seven- 
teen years between 1606 and 1624 — 
the conditions for receiving a grant 
of land were either meritorious ser- 
vice of some kind (to be determined 
by the colonial authorities), or the 
emigration of the patentee to Vir- 
ginia in person, or the transporta- 
tion to the colony of some person or 
persons at the patentee's expense, 
or the purchase of a share of stock 
in the Company. Whoever paid the 
charges for transporting an emi- 

grant to the colony, the emigrant 
being either the patentee himself, 
a member of his own family, or his 
own servant, or any one else, was 
entitled to patent fifty acres of land 
as a **headrighf pertaining to the 
emigrant thus brought to settle in 
Virginia. Population was the great 
desideratum at that time, and this 
certain means of securing it was 
adopted. The importation of head- 
rights was the usual means of ob- 
taining patents ; for during the first 
century of Virginia's existence the 
right to purchase the public lands 
with money did not exist. Multi- 
tudes of young men in England 
came over to Virginia as head- 
rights, many of whom were of su- 
perior social status and men of 
more or less means, and their de- 
scendants are today among the best 
and most prominent people in the 
United States. Young men of ad- 
venturous spirit eagerly assigned 
their headrights to land in order 
that they might go to seek their for- 
tunes in the strange and wonderful 
country ** beyond the sunset's rim" 
in the new world beyond the seas. 
Their friends and relatives, or oth- 
ers, who desired to patent large 
tracts of land in Virginia induced 
many other headrights to come ; and 
some ship captains made a regular 
traffic and speculation of importing 
emigrants, and first and last each 


Register of the Kentucky Stete Hittorieai Society. 

of these brought many hundreds of 
them, the emigrants assigning their 
headrights in payment for their 
passage to the new country. 

After the dissolution of the Lon- 
don Company the acquisition of ti- 
tle to land by meritorious services 
played but a small part in the his- 
tory of Virginia patents ; but the 
headright became the principal ba- 
sis of title, and continued to be such 
until the right to purchase the pub- 
lic lands with money was estab- 
lished early in the eighteenth cen- 
tury ; and the headright system even 
then remained in force during the 
whole colonial period, or until the 
beginning of the Revolutionary 

The records of land patents in 
Virginia begin with the year 1623 — 
that is, seventeen years after the 
founding of the first permanent 
English settlement in America at 
Jamestown, and only a few years 
after the right of holding private 
property in the soil of Virginia was 
conferred upon societies and indi- 
viduals — and they continue with un- 
broken continuity down to the pres- 
ent day. They are the most valua- 
ble records now in existence in the 
United States, for they contain the 
names of the founders of the repub- 
lic, and much information about 

Those old records of incalculable 
value have never been published, 
even in a condensed or an abbrevi- 
ated form, though their importance 
as a basis or starting point of Amer- 
ican genealogy would justify many 
times over the expense of their pub- 
lication. Not long ago there was 
published a book which purported 
to be a list, alphabetically ar- 

ranged, of the names of all the head- 
rights brought over to Virginia by 
patentees of land between the years 
1623 and 1666 ; but the period actu- 
ally included in the book was only 
the years between 1635 and 1657, 
inclusive — twenty-two years. In 
this work the headrights (some 
16,000 in number) are listed in al- 
phabetical arrangement, and in each 
instance the name of the patentee 
who imported the headright is giv- 
en; and there are about seventeen 
hundred of these patentees. As 
these are subordinated in the book 
entirely to the alphabetical arrange- 
ment of the names of the headrights 
it is like hunting for the proverbial 
needle in a haystack to try to find 
the name of any particular patentee 
in the book. In the subjoined list I 
have remedied that matter by ar- 
ranging lexicographically the names 
of those seventeen hundred pat- 
entees; and this is the first time 
their names have ever been pub- 
lished in such a list, although there 
is a complete index of them in man- 
uscript in the Virginia Land OflSce. 
It is a well-known fact that more 
than three-fourths of the first set- 
tlers of Kentucky were from Vir- 
ginia; and reading this list of sev- 
enteen hundred of the first land pat- 
entees in the Old Dominion is much 
like calling the roll of the names of 
the first settlers of Kentucky — and 
for that reason alone the publica- 
tion of the list in The Register of 
the Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety seems not only justifiable, but 

Owing to climatic and other con- 
ditions to which they were unused, 
a great majority of the very earli- 
est emigrants to Virginia died soon 

.Regitter of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 


after their arrival — ^that is, those 
who came from 1607 to 1627. Up to 
June 10, 1610, the number of emi- 
grants who had come was about 
800. Between that date and De- 
cember, 1618, 1,000 others arrived, 
making a total of 1,800 persons ; and 
of this number 1,200 had died, leav- 
ing 600 survivors as the population 
of Virginia in December, 1618. In 
the interval between that date and 
November, 1619 (about a year ) , some 
840 emigrants arrived, who made 
(with the 640 survivors) 1,440 per- 
sons; and of these 540 had died, 
leaving 900 survivors as the popula- 
tion of Virginia in November, 1619. 
Between November, 1619, and Feb- 
ruary, 1625, there came to the colo- 
ny 4,749 emigrants, maldng (with 
the 900 survivors) a total of 5,649; 
and of these 4,624 had died or had 
been assassinated by Indians in the 
massacre of 1622, thus leaving a 
population of only 1,095 persons 
living in Virginia on February 20, 
1625, when a census was taken. Out 
of a total of 7,389 persons who had 
settled in Virginia up to February 
20, 1625, the great number of 6,294 
had died or had been killed by the 
Indians before that date. After 
that date, the forests having been 
opened and the general health con- 
ditions greatly improved in many 
ways, the violent fluctuations of 
population which had marked the 
early years came to an end ; and 
there was a slow but steady in- 
crease. In 1629 the population of 
Virginia was about 3,000; in 1634, 
about 5,000; in 1649, about 15,000; 
and in 1656, it was about 25,000, of 
whom about 1,000 were negroes. 

The subjoined list covers about 
1,700 patentees of lands, who 

brought over rather more, than 
16,0(X) headrights, so that the total 
number of emigrants to Virginia 
between 1635 and 1656 (the years 
covered by the list) was about 
18,000, and these may be consid- 
ered as really the '* first families of 
Virginia ' ' — the original founders 
of the republic — and nearly every 
one of those people has numerous 
descendants in Kentucky today. 
Those descendants may rest assured 
that their ancestors named in the 
list of patentees had settled in Vir- 
ginia at least as early as the date 
of their patents; and in numerous 
instances they had settled there at 
still earlier dates. 

During the years covered by the 
list the population of Virginia was 
congregated along the coast and in 
the tidewater section of the colony. 
A few words about the counties 
then existing in the Old Dominion 
may be interesting to those Ken- 
tucKians who may find ancestors in 
this list of patentees. In the very 
beginning the political units were 
settlements along the James River, 
which were called cities, boroughs, 
towns, plantations, and hundreds. 
In 1619 these scattered settlements 
were assembled into four lar^e cor- 
porations, with a capital city in 
each, to-wit: (1) The corporation 
of Elizabeth City; (2) the corpora- 
tion of James City; (3) the corpora- 
tion of Charles City; and (4) the 
corporation of Henrico. In 1634, 
these corporations were abolished, 
and the whole of Virginia was di- 
vided into eight counties, namely: 
(1) Elizabeth City County; (2) 
Warrasquinoke (more properly 
Warrascoyack) County; (3) War- 
wick County; (4) James City Coun- 


R««laftM^«f tli% K«atM«fcy 9U*» HiiKirt«il taol^. 

ty; (5) CharW City County; (6) 
Henrico County; (7) Charles Biver 
County, the name of which wa& soon 
changed to York County; and (8) 
Accomac County. In 1637, a por- 
tion of Elizabeth City County was 
organized into New Norfolk Coun- 
ty, which immediately thereafter 
was divided into Upper Norfolk 
County and Lower Norfolk County. 
In 1645, the name of Upper Nor- 
folk was changed to Nansemond; 
and in 1637, the name of Warras- 
coyack (Warrasquinoke) was 
changed to Isle of Wight County. 
The other counties named in the ac- 
companying list of patentees were 
organized as follows: Gloucester 
from York in 1642; Northampton 
from Accomac in 1643; Northum- 
berland in 1648 from hitherto unor- 
ganized territory, then first set- 
tled; Lancaster from Northumber- 
land in 1652; Surry from James 
Citv in 1652; Westmoreland from 
Northumberland in 1653; and New 

Kent from York in 1654. 

• * • • * 

The list of patentees of lands in 
Virginia now follows. The name of 
each patentee is given, followed by 
the countv in which he lived or in 
which he located the land, and the 
year in which the patent was 
granted. In many instances the 

county in which the land was taken 
up is not stated^ 

It will be observed that, on ac- 
count of variations in the spelling 
of the same name, there are many 
duplications of names on the Ust. 
For instance, the ancestor of the dis- 
tinguished Richard H. Menefee, of 
Kentucky, appears on this list un- 
der the various forms of George 
Menefy, George Menifye, Gteorge 
Minifie, George Minifye, and George 
Mynifie, but never as Menefee. 
There is no other name on the list so 
variously spelled, except that of 
Colonel John Mottrom, who appears 
as Maltrum, Matron, Mattrum, Mot- 
trom, and Mottrow. Usually, how- 
ever, there are only two variations 
of the spelling of a name, where 
there are any at all. 

Since the above was written, I 
have m£lde, from another source, a 
list of the patents granted during 
the years 1623-1634, inclusive; and 
the two lists combined give the 
names of the patentees from 1623 
to 1656, inclusive — ^the first thirty- 
four years during which land was 
patented to citizens of the colony of 
Virginia. This last-named list 
(which is printed first) includes 131 
patentees, who, it appears, brought 
over only about 350 headrights. 

Patentees of Lands in Virginia During the Years 1623-1634 Inclusivb. 

AlUngton, Lieutenant GUes; EHizabeth 
City, 1624. 

Anderson, WUliam, planter; Accomac, 

Arundel, Peter, planter; Elizabeth City, 

Arundell, John, Gent.; Elizabeth City, 

Atkins, Richard, planter; 1632. 

Averie, John, planter; Warwick ■River, 

Ball, Richard, planter; Elizabeth Cltr. 

Barnes, Launcelot, Gent; Eiiza!beth City, 

Harrington, Robert, planter; Jamea Citjr, 

Bentley, William, planter; Elizabeth Cit7>