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Full text of "The Register of Pennsylvania : devoted to the preservation of facts and documents and every other kind of useful information respecting the state of Pennsylvania"

ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01740 6833 



GENEALOGY 
974.8 
H34R 
V.9 



HAZARD'S 



\ 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA, 



DEVOTED TO THE 



PRESERVATION OF FACTS AXD DOCUMENTS, 



AND EVERY OTHER KIND OF 



USEFULi INFORMATION 



RESPECTIIVCl THE STATE OF PEWflVSYEVANIA. 



EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 



VOL. IX.— JANUARY TO JULY, 183': 



PHILADELPHIA. 

WM. F. riBDDF.S, rniNTF.R, I.inilAUV RT. 



-■1 



INDEX. 



Adventure and escape, extraordinary 105 

African Education Society — constitution 115 
Agriculture, report of committee on, to legislature 100 

Aldermen, county, speech on proposed change 79 

Alms House, new, estimated cost of 67 

Appropriation for improvements 2 

Andalusia murder, account of 411 
Apprentices' library company, report, &c. 60, 207 

Arrivals of vessels at Philadelphia, 1S31 32 

Assessment of Northumberland county 285 

of Lancaster county, ib 

Attleborough, described 173 

Auction duties 416 

Auditor general's report, appendix 1 

B 

Bank, Girard, new, 28, 320, 336, 384, 412 

message of Governor on chartering 384 

report of committee of legislature on 384 

presentment of Grand Jury 412 

Bank stock, owned by state 1 

Banks in the state, tabular statement of 56 

Bank of United States, memorial to cong^ress for 

renewal of charter 29 

debate on 30, 79 

list of stockholders, and shares held by 110 

specie on hand, and at branches. 111 

letter of N. Biddle to J. Johnson, on political 

influence 118 

views of the majority in Congress 145 

^ report of the majority of committee of inves- 

tigation 289 

tabular statement of its condition 301 

examination of the president by 

committee " 304, 357, 374 

report of the minority of committee of inves- 
tigation 311 
report of J. Q. Adams 321, 337 
resolution of the legislature 366 
Baptists, statistics of the 288 
Barber, John, report on Columbia and Philadelphia 

rail-road, 33 

on Pennsylvania canal, 97 

Bear, a large, at Mifflintown 160 

Beaver, the largest steamboat built at 96 

meadow rail-road, facts respecting 180 

a new town and quick building 303 

Bellefonte, stages between and Philadelphia 256 

Bethany, a large buck, killed at 160 

Biographical notices, 

Stephen Girard 83 

Christopher Ludwick 161 

Captain Samuel Bradv 184, 206, 237, 

268, 303, 395 

James Logan 263 

John Peters 30,31 

Wm. Penn 351 

Joseph Hackney 382 

Hugh Hefferman 400 

Governor Joseph Hiester ib 

Birth, three at a 224 

Blacks, are they citizens' 76 

Blairsville, great freshet at 125 



Brad}', Captain Samuel, life and adventures of 

184, 206, 237^ 268, 303, 395 
Bridge stock, owned by the state 1 

Monongahela destroyed 95 

Columbia " 104 

Schuylkill Permanent, ceremony at laying 
corner stone 267 

Buck, a large one killed at Bethany 160 

Bucks Co., persentment of Grand Jury respecting 
use of court house, for religious pur- 
poses 48 
state of the thermometer, 1831 " 48 
case of ejectment 301 
Butler county described 385 



Cabinet of Natural Science of Montgomery coun- 
ty, report of 115 
Caldwell David, tribute of respect to 103 
Camden and Amboy rail-road, law 169 
report 49 
Canal stock owned by state 1 
Schuylkill Navigation company, report 21 
Pennsylvania, which see. 

Delaware and Raritan 49, 169 

Delaware and Hudson 104, 297 

commissioners, report on iron contracts 112 

on amount expended 

for repairs 18 

report of committee on their 

conduct 261 

Canals and rail-roads compared 222 

tolls, amount of 304 

Lehigh, report, &c. 62 

Jlorris 379 

Chesapeake and Delaware, report 390 

Union, report 398 

Carpet manufactory, at Bush-hill, described 224 

report, Frankhn Institute 335 

Cat, a wild, taken at Towanda 160 

Care, a remarkable, discovered in Franklin co. 222 

Census tables, Mercer, Mifflin, NorthumberIand,and 

Warren counties 381 

Washington, Union, and Venango 
counties 405 

See next volume. 
Centennarv, celebration of Washington's birth 

day 80, 102, 109 

See next volume. 

Chambersburg described 383 

Cherokee case, Judge Marshall's opinion 225 

McLean's " 241 

Chesapeake and Delaware canal company, report 390 

Chester, minerals found at 334 

Cholera, alarm and sanitary measures 394 

Coal, arrived coastwise at Philadelphia in 1831 48 

foreign, quantity imported and exported, 

1820 to 1830, 79 

early sent from Susquehanna 127 

ashes useful for cleaning brass 160 

regions, pleasant, tour in 304 

trade, statistics in Schuylkill, &c. 319, 335 

Colored people of Philadelphia, memorial 361 

1 Columbia, and Philadelphia rail-road^ 33, 69 



Columbia, bridge destroyed 105 

first settlement of 113, 145 

freshets at 105, 121 

statistics of 147 

Congressional districts, state divided into 403 

Controllers of public schools, report 156 

Copper discovered in Luzerne county 303 

Councils, Select and Common, proceedings 

4, 2r, 38, 64, 65, 86, lOr, 120, 137, 171, 

197, 232, S51, 265, 283, 362 

D 

Deaths in 'Wilkesbarre, 1831 173 

and diseases in Philadelphia, 1831 174 

in Easton 176 

Delaware and Baritan canal 49, 169 

law 169 

and Hudson canal, rates of toll on 104 

report 279 

river, correspondence between Pennsyl- 
vania and New Jersey, on dams 119 
breakwater, specific gravities of the stone 

used at 191 

river, freshet in 208 

Dispensary, reports 3, 101 

Dividends' 304, 366 

Divorce, curious debate on, in legislature 77 

Duche, Rev. Jacob's letter to Gen. Washington on 

revolutionary war 8 1 

E 

Easton, deaths at, 1831 176 
freshet at 209 
a sketch of 335 
Economy society, schism at 109 
compromised 176 
Education, meeting and resolution on 6 
report on ib 
Girard college, plan of 11 
directors of public schools 27 
R. Vaux resigns as president 70 
African society of Pittsburg, constitu- 
tion of 115 
report of committee on 154 
of controllers of public schools 156 
colleges, academies, &c. in the state 254 
Erie, Lake, commerce and navigation, vessels on 71 
communication with 402 
Exchange, Philadelphia, cornerstone laid 128 
memorial to Councils 170 
Excursion, a pleasant 304 

F 

Fires, number of in 1831 80 

Franklin legacy 69 

Institute, address and queries on state of 

manufactures 87 

annual report 209 

report on Spicer's machine to 

carry mail 287 

report on carpet factory 336 

French creek, freshet in 96 

Freshets, great 96, 105, 121, 159 

Frost, late at Milford 352 

G 

Geological Society of Pennsylvania, report and con- 
stitution 208 
Gcrmantown, statistics of 

rail-road opened 
Girard Bank, new, relating to 
Girard, Stephen, will of 
Girard's Legacy, sketch of 

letter from executors to Councils, 
inclosin,' copy of will and list of 
real estate 
Girard committee appointed 



48 

367 

28, 336, 384, 415 

9 

83 



Girard's Legacy, detailed list of tenants,housesand 
rents in city 

do. in the county 
letter from executors on the sub- 
ject of the college, and streets 
through the premises 
letter from executors on the im- 
provement of the square on Mar- 
ket street 
plan of buildings, and contractors 

for the work 
report of committee and resolutions 
adopter], respecting renting and 
collecting for the real estate 
resolution to send copy of will to 

legislature, &c. 42 

furtlier return of property ib 

Bchedule of real estate purchased 

after 20th June, 1830 ib 

letter from trustees of bank on real 

estate, part of capital 4-3 

tenants ask reduction of rent 65, 66, 86 
committee of legislature meet com- 
mittee of Councils 66,69 
outlineof a bill reported 67 
present state of the trusts to be 
published, annuities to be paid 
out of rents, &c. 
Mayor to let lands in Passyunk and 

Moyamensing 
letter of executors asking advice 

as to insurance, and resolution on 109 
Mayor to proceed to Harrisburg to 

obtain a law 8S 

Mayor authorized to make repairs 120 
committee appointed to regulate 

rents 
report of committee of legislature 

to confer with city authorities 
city treasurer authorized to receive 
from trustees of Bank, deeds 
for real estate 
Pennsylvania Hose company ask 

for lot for hose house 
respecting Poudrette near the col- 
lege 233, 283 
Counsel to defend a suit in district 

court, asked for '\\r 

communications from Mr. Boyd and 
others, agents, respecting the 
lands in Schuylkill county 234 

committee to visit the lands 234, 267 
committee appointed to have AV.iter 
street surveyed, and a plan de- 
vised for laying it out 
report of committee to digest a 
plan, for the general manage 
ment of the bequests 
notice from' executors, that they 
are going to pay tho state 
$300,000 
resolution proposed to inquire into 
measures proper, respecting lot 
on M.arket street and purchase 
of lumber 
resolution requesting executors to 

have the square improved 
resolution requesting executors to 
improve the square 28," 

resolution of executors agreeing to 

do so 
Mayor authorized to draw for 
amount of water rents and re- 
pairs, 

do. do. for taxes 2Z 

report of committee on insuring 
property 33.' 






39 



40 



41 



41 



68 



69 



ib 

127 

172 
ib 



252 



265 



26r 



267 
ib 



332 
ib 



ib 



Girard's Legacy. 

executors have agreed to pay in- 
stalment on Danville and Potts- 
ville rail-road 362 

property purchased after the pub- 
lication of his will, placed under 
care of city treasurer, and per- 
sons appointed by tlie heirs at law 363 

resolution proposed to pay funeral 
expenses 363, 394 

report of committee on Girard's 
lands and resolution offered 364 

resolution to pay expenses of com- 
mittee to visit the lands 392 

petition of two nephews and le- 
gatees arrived from France to re- 
ceive tlieir legacies 392 

execu. authorized to pay legatees \ 393 

resolution for a committee to ad- 
vertise for plans for coUeg'e 394 

committee to carry into cfi'ect the 

report of the committee on the 

lands and resolution offered ib 

Gold, American, received at mint, 1824 to 1831 176 

Grain and coal, received coastwise atPhUa. 1831 48 

Greenville, freshet at 159 

H 

Harrisburg, meteorol. observ. at 186, 235, 319, 390 

packets between, and Huntingdon 403 

Horticidtural society, premiums offered 85 

Hospital, Pennsvlvania annual accounts of 359 

House of Refuge reports 286, 409 

Hudson and Delaware Canal report 104, 279 

Huntingdon, wild animals killed at 160 

Co. Iron manufactured in 368 

line of packetsbetween, & Harrisburg 403 

Husband, the maid's, verses by a Penns'a. lady 1766 238 

I&J 

Indian languages, and Penn. History 221, 235, 250 263 
Indigent Widow's Society report 54 

Internal Improvement, report on 25 

Iron manufactured in Huntingdon county 368 

Judicial districts, plan for dividing the state into, 

by population 37 



Kennedy, Judge, decision on tax on town lots 
Kidneys of beef, remai-kable 



107 
188 



Lancaster wishes a vacation of part of Columbia 

rail-road 69 

Co. assessed value of 285 

Law cases and Intelligence. 

Blacks, are they citizens ? 77 

Commonwealth vs. Senaff, master & appren- 
tice 78 
United States vs. Lingle, obstructing mail by 

seizing horses for their keeping 79 

tribute of respect from the bar to AVm. Rawle 

and D.ivid Caldwall 100 

passed the session 1831-32 8, 357 

M'Clellan, tax on town lots, judge Kennedy's 

decision 106 

Altemus vs. Rev. Dr. Ely, case of marriage 141 
opinions of Binney and Sergeant on Union 

Canal lotteries 166 

Delaware and Raritan canal and Camden and 

Amboy rail-roads 169 

revised code of, second report of commission- 
ers 214, 193 
charge of Judge M'Lean on the Pittsburg 

case 202 

relating to wills and testaments 244 

Cherokee case, charge of Judge M-Lean ib. 

Judge Marshall 285 

B. Chew vs. Keck Ecc. ejectment 301 



Law cases 8ic. Recordei^'s charge to grand jury on 

bank subscriptions 366 

Hynman vs. State, stay of proceedings upon 

fi.fas. issued on judgment 398 

Commonwealth vs. Jolm lloore, murder of a 

constable 398 

United States vs. 23 coil cordage, sea stores 406 
Legacy, Girard's, which see 
Will's do 

Franklin's 69 

Lehigh navigation Co. report 60 

agent's do 62 

rail road described ib. 

can.al business on ib, 

reports of commissioners on tolls on Del. 

division 181 

Co. case of ejectment 307 

Letter from B. Rush to John Adams 217 

Peter CoUinson to Gov. Thomas Penn 239 

Robert Morris to certain friends and 

answer 406 

J. Log.an on alarm of 1706 383 

Rev. J. Duche to Gen. Washington 81 

Lewistown, canal tolls collected 304 

Library Co. Philad. purchase books of James Cox 

for annuity 160 

power to increase yearly charge ib. 

apprentices, report 208 

Logan James, letter on alarm of 1706 383 

writings of 263 

Longevity instances of 192 

Lotteries, reports on 121, 129, 149, 165 

proceeds of Union Canal, 152 

Ludwick, Christopher, life of 161 

Luzerne Co. copper discovered in 303 

pleasant excursion 304 

Lying-in-charity established 8 

M 

M'Lean, Judge's opinion in Cherokee case 241 

Jl'Ilwaine J. charge to grand juiy relating to bank 

subscriptions 366 

Man,ayunk, water power of estimated 158 

Manufactui-ers of carpets at Bushhill described 224 

dock ward value of 368 

of Chambersburg 383 

Franklin Institute ask for informa- 
tion respecting 87 
Marietta, great freshet at 105 
MaiTiage case, decided 141 
Marshall, chief justice, opinion in Cherokee case 225 
Mauchchunk, lots selling at 272 
snow at ib. 
boat-building at ib. 
Mercer Co. census 381 
Message of Gov. Wolf in returning canal and rail- 
road bill 221 
of do respecting bank charters 384 
Meterological observations in Bucks county 48 
at Philadelphia, SO, 355 
. Columbia 96 
PottsviUe 160 
H.arrisburg 186,235,319 
Mifflin Co. census 381" 
Milford, late frost at 352 
Military convention at Harrisburg, proceedings 

of 43, 50 

ilihtia, revolutionary, meeting of aged 54 

system, report of commissioners 218 

Mina, account of murder of Chapman 411 

executed 400 

Mint, of U. S. annual report 176 

Monongahela bridge destroyed 96 

Morris Robert, letter to certain friends 405 

Montgomery Co. cabinet of natural science 115 

Muncey, valley of described 155 

Musical fund society report 349 

Murder of Mr. Chapman 411 



INDEX. 



N 

Newcastle and Frenchtown rail road opened 160 

statistics of 398 

New-Jersey, complaints ofthe dams in the Delaware 119 

report to Gov. on 1S7 

Norristown, statistics of 240 

Northumberland Co. assessment 285 

census 380 

o 

Orphan Asylum Philadelphia report 72 

Orrery, made at York 336 

P 
Passages, short by vessels from Philadelphia 304 

Paxton, massacre account of 114 144 

Pear tree, sing-ular cfTect of g-irdUng- 416 

an old and larg-c ib. 

Penitentiary eastern, third report of inspectors, 
warden, physician, and building 
committee 5r to 59 

Penn Thomas, letter from P. Collinson to 239 

William, proclamation respecting the caves of 
Philadelphia, 1686 112 

grants a lot to John Key ib 

letter to Emperor of Canada ib 

biography of 351 

Pennsylvania, stocks owned by 1 

loans due by 2 

plan for dividing the slate into judi- 
cial districts 36 
military convention at Harrisburg, 

proceedings 43 5Q 

banks of, statement of ' 56 

instiuctions to commissioners for ne- 
gotiating with Delaware and Mary- 
land, respecting Susquehannah 
trade in 1~S6 57 

Tioga county described 65 

Colmnbia, first settlement of 113 

correspondence between N. Jersey 

and, on d;ims in tlie Delaware 119 
history and Indian langiiaifes, re- 
marks on 221, 2J5, 250 ''62 
sketches of 254, 264 
religious sects in 264 
letter of J. Logan on the alarm of 
1706 309 
Buller county described 385 
slaves in, 1830 395 
sketches of Schuylkill county 40I 
division into congressional districts 403 
Pennsylvania canal. 

report of commissioners respecting 

contractors and Columbia rail-road 24 
report of J. Barber on the eabtern 

division of gy 

reports of committees on tolls on 

on Del. division and Lehigh canal 186 
report of commissioners on repairs to 189 
packet boats established 352 

report of commissioners on persons 

employed on 55'; 

and Ohio r.ail-road 1 ^u 

Philadelphia, ^^^ 

proceedings of Councils 4, 27, 38 64 

65, 85, 107, 120, 137, 17l| 197 

. J r /! , ' 232, 251, 283, 331 

stand for fish proposed 4 

Will's legacy, respecting Hj 

petition for vegetable stands ib 

report on stands for shoe sellers 5 

on encroachments on the Schuyl. ib 

letter from F.Graff on do ib 

Girard's legacy, respecting, which see. 

vessels arrived, and built in 18:>1 32 

resolution to publish sundry wills 42 

respcriing agreement with 

Moyamcnsing lor water ib 



Philadelphia. 

resolution respecting cost of new alms- 
house 43 

town meeting on York and Maryland 
rail-road 46 

grain and coal received coastwise at, 
in 1831 48 

resolution of Councils on Y'ork and Ma- 
rj'land rail-road 64, 66 

petition for a market near Schuyl- 
kill ■ 69 

horse market complained of ib 

vacation of Blackberry alley ib 

number of fires in 1831, amount of da- 
mages, and insured 80 

town meeting to celebrate centennial 
anniversary of Washington's birth 
day ib 

weather at 80 

lour additional wardens for the port of 86 

complaint of .VIoyamensing about wa- 
ter ib 

water works, report of the committee 
on, rents, expenses, cost, &c. from 
commencement 94 

memoriid against western market 137, 108 

letter from J. S. Wain, on Locust 
and Schuylkill wharf ib 

memorial of colored porters on stand 
at Sixth and Market streets ib 

fire companies, report on 109 

appropriation of $2000 for centennial 
celebration ib 

Wm. Penn's proclamation respecting 
tlie caves at, 1686 m 

petition of John Key, (first bom,') for 
a lot in, 1705 ]12 

Wm. Penn's letter to Emperor of Ca- 
nada, respecting society of free tra- 
ders ib 

water pipes to be laid at side of Co- 
lumbia rail-road 120 

lease of drawbridge lot ib 

corner stone for Washington monu- 
ment presented by m.arblc masons " 141 

watchman disabled in service, asks 
rehef 121 

Exchange, corner stone laid 128 

memorial 170 

report of Haines and M'Clure of sur- 
vey and soundings of Schuylkill 137 

compUint of wardens respecting cul- 
vert on SchiiylkiU 171 

report and estimate of improving Lo- 
gan siiuare and culvert i|> 

annual report on sinking fijnd ib 

front of Will's hospit,al to be of brick 172 

old engines at Fair Mount, to be sold ib 

committee to inquire into expediency 
rnaking Permanent bridge free 172 

petition to extend rail-road along 
Broad street ib 

act proposed in relation to market be- 
tween Third and Fourth, rent free ib 

resolution to extend market between 
Tenth and Thirteenth I73 

annual statement of diseases and deaths 
in 1831 J74 

memorial of farmers respecting mar- 
ket stalls ]97 

petition against markets between Tenth 

and Thirteenth 193 

memorial of fire companies 198,201 

petition of Paul Beck respecting mar- 
ket stalls ]98 
' report on distribution of wood 199 
petition ofwatclunciifor higher w.ages 200 
■■eport 202, 347 



Philadelphia. 



present of gold and silver artifi- 
cers 201 

petition of David E. Shapley, respect- 
ing a lot leased by him 201 

report of committee for improving ci- 
ty property on Schuylkill ib 

Institute report of 212 

memorial respectingstreets on Schuyl- 
kiU _ 233 

picture frame presented by society of 
cabinet-makers 234 

old tan-yards in Dock street discov- 
ered 239 

sickness in 1699 ib 

ancient graves discovered near Bush- 
hUl _ 240 

old tombstone discovered in Second 
below Cliesnut ib 

complaints respecting setting and re- 
setting curbstones 252 

re-setting curbstones proposed as a 
public charge ib 

proposal to build stores on Water 
street, under new plan ib 

graduation and paving new streets, 
gutters, of curbing and digging 253 

report of Library committee in favor 
of Hazard's Register ib 

Wills's Hospital foundation laid 256 

commissioners propose making offices 

- under fire proof buildings 267 

committee on Wills's Hospital to draw 
for money to build 283 

of committee and ordinance repealing 
that directing markets being extend- 
ed between Eleventh and Thirteenth ib 

and for a market on Vine and Schuyl- 
kill Front streets 332 

report of committee on rail-road be- 
tween Vine and Cedar 284 

committee for improvements on Schuyl- 
kill 285 

vessels, short passages of 304 

memorial relating to whari-es on 
Schuylkill 331 

memorial of commissioners of Moy- 
amensing on wr.ste water ib 

petition of Kern and Snyder to be paid 
for improvements on drawbridge lot 332 

of committee on survey of Water 
street, and plan of it 333 

"Bull's Head," sign of, not painted 
by West 335 

new Presbyterian church, meeting to 
form 345 

report of committee on drawbridge lot 346 
do. do. on fire companies 347 

meeting of friends of protective sys- 
tem ib 

report on the city title to certain pro- 
perty set apart for burial g^-ounds 362 

new regulations of Vine street 363 

do. of Locust street ib 

resolutions of Board of Health respect- 
ing the cholera 364 

committee appointed to obtain drafts 
and plans of a rail- road 365 

second presbytery of Philadelphia 
formed 368 

manufacturers of Dock ward ib 

petition of the Messrs. Lewis to be ex- 
empt from ordinance on wooden 
buildtngs 393 

petition of Stephen Kingston, rela- 
tive uniform buildings near Rltten- 
house square 593 



Philadelphia. 

letter from West Philadelphia canal co. 393 
report of committee, with plan for im- 
proving the western front 394 
ordinance for sanitary purposes ib 
suggestions to Board of Health 395 
improving Drawbridge lot ib 
proceedings of South wark, in relation 

to cholera ib 

physicians sent to Canada to gain in- 
formation about cholera 403 
house on Barbadoes lot pulled down 416 
Philadelphia, Germantown and Norristown rail- 
road cclebr.ation 368 
president's address at 379 
amount of travelling ib 
Pittsburg, Monongahela bridge, destroyed at 96 
African education society, constitution 115 
great flood at 125 
case. Judge M'Lean's charge, low water 

mark 202 

Breckenridge'sreminiscenses 155 

Poetry, Pennsylvanian 238 

Port Carbon ' "389, 4 

Potter CO. census of 396 

Pottsville, statistics 76 

snow at 160 

Presbyterian church, new, formed 347 

Presentment of Grand Jury, on excluding religious 

meetings from court house of Bucks co. 68 
Public schools, correspondence on resignation of 

Roberts Vaux 70 

R 

Rail roads. 

Williamsport and Elmira 18, 89 

Columbia and Philadelphia reports of 
Messrs. Barber and AVilson, and esti- 
mate cost of 3J 
York and Maryland, town meeting re- 
specting . 46 
resolutions of councils 64 
Camden and Amboy report on its affairs 49 
rise and length of Room-run, near Mauch 

Chunk 62 

letter of G. W. Smith on proposal to 

vacate part of Columbia rail road 70 

of West Chester, report 73 

report of contracts for iron for 112 

Penn. and Ohio fro.-n Pittsburg to Mass- 

alon 158 

New Castle and Frenchtown opened 160 

and canals compared 223 

from Vine to Cedar along Broad, report 

committee of councils 284 

Philadelphia, Germantown and Norris- 
town opened, celebration 367 
address of president at do. 378 
amount of travellmg on 379 
N. Castle and Frenchtown, costs of 398 
Rawle, William, tribute of respect to 102 
Reading, Old German Reformed Church taken 

down, 240 

Corner stone re-laid, 403 

Register of Pennsylvania, report of Library com- 
pany in favor of 252 
Councils subscribe for, 320, 332, 334 
Religious denominations and Churches in 

state, 264 

Reports of fPhiladelphia dispensary, 3 

of Southern do ib . 

on education 6 

the Philadelphia Lying-in-Charity 8 

on Williamsport and Elmira rail road 20 

of Schuylkill Navigation company 21 

Penn. canal commissioners on contractors 24 
commissioners of internal improvement fund 25 



Report« 



of John Barber on Columbia and Philadel- 
phia rail road 33 
of John Wilson on do. and estimate of cost 35 
respecting 'Girard'9 property 41 
of Del. and Raritan canal company, and 
Camden and Araboy rail road 49 
Indigent Widow's Society 54 
Inspectors of east, penitentiary and list of 



prisoners 



of wardens, physicians and building com- 
mittee of do. 59 
Lehigh Navigation Co. 60 
acting agent of 62 
of Orphan Asylum 72 
West Chester rail road company 73 
of the watering committee, showing the 
amount of water-rents and expenses from 
1802 to '1831, ind also the total cost of 
tlie works 92 
of John Barber on Eastern division of Penn- 
sylvania canal 97 
of A. B. Warfordon do. 99 
of committee on agriculture 100 
of Northern Dispensary 101 
of canal commissioners on contracts for iron 112 
first, of Cabinet of Nat. Science of Mont- 
gomery CO. 116 
Mr. Dunlap's, on lottteries 121, 129 
of committee of Leg. on Girard's legacy 127 
of Haines and M'Clure, survey and sound- 
ings of Schuylkill 141 
to senate on lotteriea 149 
of committee on education 154 
of controllers of public schools 156 
on citv Sinking fund 171 
of mint of U. S. 176 
of committee on tolls of Delaware and Le- 
high canals 177 
counter report on do. and facts respecting 

Beaver Meadow CO. 181 

of commissioners ,on dams in the Delaware, 

to Governor of N. J. 187 

of canal commissioners on repairs 189 

of Apprentices Libraiy co. SCS 

of Franklin Institute 209 

of Philadelphia do. 212 

of commissioners on revised code 195, 214 

of committee on the militia system 218 

of committee on conduct of the canal com- 
missioners 261 
of committee to digest a plan for managing 
the bequests of S. Girard 266 
of Union Benevolent society 273 
of Delaware and Hudson canal company 279 
of House of Ucfuge 287 
of Franklin Institute on Spicer's machine 

for carrying mail 287 

of the majority on the U. S.Bank 289 

of the minority of com. on do. 311 

of Jno. Q. Adams 321, 337 

of Franklin Institute on carpet manufactory 336 
of Musical Fund society 349 

of canal commlssionei-s on engineers, &c. 

employed by the state 3 

of Pcnnsylv.ania Hospital 359 

on city title to certain burjing grounds 363 

of committee on Girard's lands 364 

of committee of Legislature on Governor's 

message on charter of Girard's Bank 384 

of Chesapeake and Delaware canal co. 390 

Resolutions of Legislature on tariff and B. U. S. 367 

Revolutionary heroes, interesting meeting of 55 

Letter from IJcv. J. Duche, to Gen. 

Washington, 81 

Hocks, used at breakwater, specific gravities of 191 

Huih, Benjamin, letter to jno. Adams 217 



Schuylkill river, report on encroachments on 3 

letter from F. Grafl' on lb 

freshets of 1784, 1812-22 jb 

business of 23 

Haines and M'Clure's report of 

survey and soundings 137 

resolution of wardens 141 

Permanent Bridge, proposal to 

make it free 172 

trade of 384 

County, sketches of 401 

navigation company, report 21 

tolls receiv'd 336 
Shad, appear on market 160 

Sinking fund, annual report'on city 171 

spring valley, described 375 

Slavery in Pennsylvania, statistics of 270, 395 

Slaves in do. 1790, 1800, '10, '20and '30 272 

Smith, G. W. letter on vacating a part of Colum- 
bia rail-road 69 
Small pox, physician goes from Philadelphia to Co- 
lumbia to inoculate for 115 
Solesbury, T. metereological observaUons 48 
Stages, running 256 
Statistics of West Chester IT 
Germantown 48 
Pottsville 76,319 
Columbia 147 
Norristown 240 
slavery in Pennsylvinia 270 
the Baptists in do. 288 
Schuylkill county coal trade 319 
trade 384 
Union canal company 398 
Steam boat, the laigest on tlie western waters, 

built at Beaver 96 

use of coal on 582 

Sugar, fine, made in Lycoming co. 320 

Susquehanna, trade, Instructions to commissioners 

respecting, in 1786 57 

freshet and destruction 96 

shad and sturgeon fii;st taken in 113 

county census 396 

T 

Tables, meteorological 48, 186, 234, 319, 352, 319, 390 

of the state of the different banks in the 

state 56 

of prisoners in Kastern penitentiary 58 

of foreign coal imported and exported, in 

U.S. from 1820 to 1830 79 

showing number of fires, damage, and insu- 
rance for 1831 80 
of the cost, rents, !ic. of the water-works 

at Philadelphia 90 

ofstockholders and specie Bank U. S. 110 

ofdiseases and deaths in 1831 in Pliilad. 174 
of slaves in Penn. at each census 272 

of the state of U. S. Bank 301 

census 381, 396 

of congressional districts 403 

Tax on town lots. Judge Kennedy's decision and 

charge 107 

Toll, rates of, on Del. and Hudson canal 104 

Tioga county described 65 

census 396 

Towanda, a wild cat taken at 160 

shingle trade of 336 

Turnpike stock owned by state 1 

V ^ V 

Union Benevolent Association, reports of executive 

board and of managers of Ladies Branch 273 

Union canal lotteries, reports on 121, 129, 149 

statement of tolls and proceeds of lot- 
teries 153 
memorial of A. M'lntyrc, 16$ 
opinions of Binney and Sergeant on 166 



INDEX. 



Union canal, statistica of 398 

Union county censu3 404 

United States Hank, see Bank U. S. 
Vaux Roberts, letters to, on his reignation as presi- 
dent of board of comptrollers 70 
Venango county, census of 405 

^y . , ^ 

Warford, A. B. report on Pennsylvania canal o81 

Washington, centennial anniversary, celebration of 

[See 10th Vol.] 80, 102, 109, 120, 234 
Uen. letter to, from Rev. J. Duche 81 
county, census of 405 

monument, meeting respecting 415 

Watering committee, annual report, summary of 
cost and extent of Fair 
• mount works 90 

authorized to lay pipes by 
Columbia rail-road 120 

Water power at Manayunk, estimated value of 158 

West Chester, statistics of 17 

rail-road report 72 

J. Wilson's letter 74 



White, Josiah, appointed canal commissioner 272 

Williamsport and Elmira rail-road, report on 18 

memorial 83 

great freshet at, and extraord. escape 105 

Wilkesbarre, deaths at, 1831, 173 

bones of persons massacred at, found 173 

WiUs's legacy, plans of hospital presented 4 

plan adopted described 43 

front to be of granite 172 

hospital foundation stone laid 256 

committee to draw for money 283 

Wills and Testaments, bill reported by commls'rs 214 

Wilson John, report on Columbia and Philadelphia 

rail-road 35 

Wolf Gov. message on returning bill on Penn.canal 

and rail-road 221 

message on Girard bank charter 384 

Wool, extraordinary growth of S79 

Y 

York and Maryland rail-road, town meeting 46 

resolution of councils 64, 66 

an orrery made at 336 



HAZARD'S 

REGII^TER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



l.KVOTKII 


TO Tilt; PI 


tSEnVATIO.V OF EVEllI KlMl OF ISKFfL 1 N r U ll.M ATI UN lltSPH Tl.\ r. 


THE STATE. 


EDITED BY SAiMl EL IIAZAKD. 


VOL. IX. 


-NO. 1. 


PUILA.DELPHI 1, JAXUAUY 7, lS3i. 


NO 210. 



DOLLS. CTS. 



AIM'ENDIX 

TO THE AUDITOR GENERAL'S REPORT. 

Dunk anduthcr Slock, Ihtproperli/ nf the Coinniomueulth, 

Udubtr, ls',1. 

BANK STOCK. 

2,500 shares in the B.mk of 
Pennsylvania, subscribed 
by the state on its incor- 
poration,atS4UJ per share, 1,000,000 00 

1,25J shares subscribed in 
pursuance of an act pass- 
ed in Februarv, ISIO, ex- 
tending tlie charter, 531,000 00 



5,233 shares in tlie Ph!]a- 

phi.i Bank, at SlOU per 

share, 
1,7l)8 shares in the Farmers' 

and Mjchan'cs' Bank, at 

$5 J pershiire. 



-1,500,000 00 



85,400 0) 
?J,lj8,7d Oj 



TURN'PIKE STOCK. 

llarrisburj.Carlisle and Cham- 

bersburg-, 106,202 51 

Ch iinbersburgf and Bedford, 216, 56 7i 
Biidford and Stoystown, lj7,69i 84 

Sloystown and Greensburg, 12h,217 35 
Greensburgand Pittsbnrg, 89,JoO Oj 

Huntington, Cambria and In- 
diana, 171,85) 00 
Erie and Waterford, 5, jjU UJ 
Perkiom^n and Reading', 5 ),U lu UO 
Gap and Newport, 2j,00J 00 
Waynesburg, Greencaslle and 

Mercersburg-, 11,J79 96 

Morguntown, Churchtown and 

Blue Ball, 9,0 '0 00 

Little Coneitoga, 1 ,UjU 00 

Berks and Dauphin, 29, Oj 00 

Lancaster and .M.ddletown, 1i),Ujd dO 

Boston and VV.lkesbarre, 12,500 &J 

Suiqiehanna and Leh.gh, lJ,JuO 00 

M.lf'ord and Owcgo, 31, /Oj UU 

Down ngton, Epm-ataand 

Harr.sourg, 6 ',00) 00 

Centre and K.shacoquiUas, 2 i, /OJ 00 
Centre, 8'^,0 .0 UO 

Susq.iehanna and York, 5,000 (W 

York an I Gettysburg, 4j,j00 OJ 

New Holland, 1j,O0j OO 

Spr.nghouse, Northampton and 

Bethlehem, 10,000 00 

Cayuga and Susquehanna, 6,000 00 

Sujqu.hinna and Waterford, 14 ,0 OJ 
Susquehanna and T.o.^a, 3i,4)0 00 

Bndgewater and Wdkesbarre, 25, JOO uO 
P.ttsburg and New Alexandria, 48,36 J 00 
New Alexandria and Cone- 

maugh, 16,100 00 

Vol. IX. 1 



Belmont and F.aston, 17,5 ^0 00 
Hh 11 psiiurg and Susquehanna, 17,5 (i:J 

P.ttsburg and Butler, 19,666 67 

Butler and Mercer, 19,666 67 

Mercer nnd Meadville, 19,666 67 
Anderson's Ferry, Waterford 

and New Haven. 10,000 00 

Pittsburg and SteubenvUle, 12,'JOO 03 

Ridge Road, ' 25,000 00 
Bethany and Dingman's cho'ce, 8,000 00 

Robbstown & Mount Pleasant, 15,000 00 

Mount Pleasant and Somerset, 33, i).^6 50 

Somerset and Bedford, 34,6 6 f4 

Hanover and C irl.sle, 1 ,00 ) th) 

M llerstown and Lewistown, ;>5,n65 62 

Bellefonle and Ph 11 psburg, 20,iJt,0 oO 
Ph ladelphia, Brandyw.ne and 

New London, 2,5)0 00 

Belmj.it and O^'hquega, 5,JJJ OJ 

Han'isburgand M llerstown, 4 ',COJ 00 

Ph ladelpha and Great Bend, 12,) oO 

Lewistown and Hnntingdon, 46,534 33 

Armstrong and Indiana, 9,')00 00 

CI fl'ord and Wdkesbarre, 4,852 84 

Indi ma and Ebcnsburg, 1?,M(,) 0') 

Wash'ngton and vv ill amsport, 8,122 32 

Washngton an-1 Pittsburg, 22, io 3i 

Lycom ng and Potter, 11,594 16 

M ddletown and Harrisburg, 14,000 00 
Bellcfonte, Aaronsburg. and 

Youngmanstown, 29,'i00 00 

Bufler and K ttan'ng, 5,000 OJ 

M lesburg and Smethsport, 7,279 67 
"Berrstown and Youngmans- 

town, 5,C92 50 



SOLLS. CTJ. 



- 2,042,759 59 



Columbia, 

Harrisburg, 

Northumberland, 

Monongahela, 

Allegheny, 

W.lkesbarre, 

Lew sburg, 

B g B eaver, 

Danv He, 

Nescopeck, 

Norr.stown, 



BRIDGES. 

90,000 00 
9 ,000 00 
5),0j0 00 
4 ,000 (,0 
41, OJ 00 
2S,0JJ 00 
2J, .00 00 
15,0 J) 00 
I :, )O0 OJ 
8,'JOO 00 
6J00 00 



French creek bridjpe at Frankl'n, 5,000 CO 
Caneman^h, 5,000 03 

Schuylkill bridge at Patterson, 3,)Oo 00 



CANALS. 

Un=on Canal, 50,000 03 

Schuylkll navigation company,.*J>OJO 00 
Five hundred sh.ares in the 

Chesapeak an<l Dt-laware 

Canal, subscribed by the 

Ph. ladelphia Bank, and to 

be transferred to the state 

It the expiration of 1 5 yean 



410,000 00 



APPENDIX TO AUDITOR GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jasuabt 



from the date of subscrip- 
tion, per act of 18th March, 
1S2J, 100,003 03 



SOO.QOO 00 



RECAPITULATION. 

Bank Stock, 2,108,700 00 

Turnpike Stock, 2,042,759 59 

Bridg-e Stock, 410,000 00 

Canal Stock, 200,000 00 



-4,761,459 59 



^ppro/iriations and hn/ances nf appropriations, &c. un- 
paid Ist jVoveiiiber, 1831. 
TURNPIKES. 
Springhoitse, Northampton, 

and Bethlehem, 15,000 00 

Lycoming and Potter, 8,405 84 

Chffordand Wilkesbarre,. 1,667 15 

York and Gettysburg, 6 09 

Downingtown, Ephjata and 

Harrisburg, 69 63 

Waynesburg, Greencastle and 

Mercersburg, 3,620 04 

Huntir.gdon, Cambria and In- 
diana, 25 95 
Philadelphia, Brandywine and 

New London, ' 12,500 00 

■Washington and Pittsburg, 2t39 40 

AVashingtoii and AViUiamsport, 8,333 34 
Chambersburg and Bedford, 118 22 

New Alexandria and Cone- 

maugh, 75 93 

Harrisburg and Millerstown, 300 50 

Little Conestoga, 22 04 

Derrstown and Northumberland, 4,607 50 
ililesburg and Smethsport, 12,720 53 
Gettysburg aiid Hagerstown, 20,000 00 
York Haven and Harrisburg 

Bridge, 18,000 00 

105,701 97 



BRIDGES. 

Juniata Bridge, ' 1,000 00 

Catawissa Bridge, 5,000 00 

Robbstown Bridge, 6,000 00 



12,000 00 



RIVERS. 

Delaware, 1,000 00 

Susquehanna and branches, 

per act of the 26th of March, 

1821, 2,000 00 

For improving the navigation 

of the Susquehanna from 

Colum.bia to tide, per act 

ofSlst March, 18.3, 4,312 52 

Do. from Columbia to North- 
umberland, per act of 25th 

March, 1825, 10,878 00 



18,190 62 



MISCELL-A.NEOUS. 

Penitentiary near Pittsburg,per 

actof 1st of April, 1826, 114 98 

Dickinson College, per act of 

13th February, 1826. 6,000 00 

Commissioners of Erie county, 
for re-building public build- 
ings, per act of tht I5th 
March, 1824, 2_500 QO 

For improving a road from 

^ the mouth of the Juniata to 
Mahontongo creek, per act 
of 13th AprU, 1827, 600 00 



DOLI.8. CT>. 



Deaf and Dumb Institution, 

per act of i3d January, 18-9, 8,000 00 

Washington College, per act 

of4thof April, 1831, 2,000 00 

For opening a state road from 
the junction of the Philadel- 
phia and Great Bend and 
Easton and Belmont turn- 
pike roads, in the county of 
Pike, to the public road 
leading from Priceburg to 
the Delaware Water Gap, 
in the county of Northamp- 
ton, per act of 21st March, 
1831, 300 00 



DUE ON LOANS. 
Stock loan, per act of 2d of 

April, 1821. re-imbursable 

1st of .June, 1841, 930,00000 

Stock loan, per act of 30th 

March, 1824, §380,000, re- 
imbursable 1st May. 1834, 

and the residue 1st Januaiy, 

1839, 600,000 00 

Stock loan, per act of 11th 

April, 1825, re-imbursable 

1st January, 1840, 150,000 00 

Bank of Montgomery county, 
at an interest of 4 j per cent, 
re-imbursable 1st May 1835, 60,000 00 

Farmers' Bank of Lancaster, 
at an interest of 4i per cent, 
re-imbursable 1st Ma3',l8J7, 25,000 00 

Easton Bank, at an interest of 
5 per cent, re-imbursable • 
1st May, 18j7,reserving the 
right of the state to re-im- 
burse the same at any time 
within that period, 25,000 00 

Harrisburg Bank, at an inter- 
est of 5 per cent, re-imburs- 
able in May, 1837, reserv- 
ing the right of the state to 
re-imburse the same at any 
time within that period, 50,000 00 

Stock loan pertaining to the 

Pennsylvania_,canal, per act 

of 1st April, 1 826,re-imburs- 

able 1st December, 1846, 300,000 00 
Stock loan pertaining to do. 

per actof the 9th April, re- 
imbursable 1st December, 

1850, 1,000,000 00 

Stock loan pertaining to do. 

per act of 18th December, 

1828, re-imbursable 1st Ja- 
nuary, 1854, 800,000 00 

Stock loan pertaining to do. 
per act of 22d April, lS-'9, 
re-imbursable 1st Decem- 
ber, 1854, . 2,200,000 00 

Stock loan pertaining to do. 
per act of 7th of December, 

1829, continued per act of 

4th Januarj-, 1831, 202,500 00 

Stock loan pertaining to do. 

per act of 13thMarch,1830, 

re-imbursable 4th March, 

1858, 4,000,000 00 

Amount received of Stock 

loan pertaining to do. per 

act of 21st March, 1831, re- 



19,514 98 



■ 1,680,000 00 



160,000 00 



1M2.] 



PHILADELPHIA AND SOUTHERN DISPENSARIES. 



SOLLS CTS. 



imbursable 1st of July, 
1856, 1,444,948 54 

Amount received of Stock 
loan pertaining' to do. per 
act of 30th March, 1831, re- 
imbursable 1st July, 1856, 275,000 00 



-12,223,448 54 
$14,062,448 54 



lieeapilulation of debts due by the Commmonwealt/i. 



Tumpike.i, 
Bridges, 
Rivers, 

Miscellaneous, 
Due on loans. 



105,701 97 

lJ,00a 00 

18,190 52 

19,514 98 

14,062,448 54 



14,217,856 01 



PHILADELPHIA DISPENSARY. 



Avyvxi. heport. 



Three thousand four hundred and fourteen Patients 
have been under the care of the Dispensary since last 
report, viz: 

Remaining- from last year. 
Admitted since that time, - 



37 

3377 



3414 

2183 
97 
53 
64 
17 

3414 



$405 


00 


387 


00 


50 


00 


50 


00 


273 


00 


12 


93 


20 


00 


120 


00 


470 


00 


60 


00 


192 00 


$2J39 


93 



nagers would take occasion to felicitate the contri- 
butors of the PhiUidelpliia Dispcnsar)-, upon its contin- 
ued prosperity and usifulness. Owing however to the 
healthfulness of the past season, and particularly to the 
absence of those annual and intermittent diseases, which 
formerly prevailed in the North and South Western Dis- 
tricts of this institution, the number' of patients has not 
been so great as in some precedi"g years. 

In addition to the number of persons as above enu- 
merated, who have partaken of the benefits of this 
charity, the -Shelter for Coloured Orphans, a benevo- 
lent Institution of this City, has fur several years past, 
been furnished from this source witli all its medicines. 
Under a belief that amid the many and efficient chari- 
ties for whicli Philadelphia has become so justly cele- 
brated, there was no one which sufficiently comprehen- 
ded in its proper scope, the medical care and attention 
necessary to the lying in-female, the managers during 
the past year turned their attention particularly to this 
class, as being of all others, particularly the objects of 
the sympathy and succour of the benevolent. It is 
therefore with feelings of sincere satisfaction that they 
announce to the contributors, and to their fellow citi- 
zens generally, that poor married women of this descrip- 
tion, by making timely appHcalion to the Dispensary, 
will be carefully and skilfully attended to at their own 
houses. 

Contributions and donations will be thankfully re- 
ceived by our Treasurer, Thos. Blddle, No. 26 Walnut 
street, and bv all the Managers. J 

WILLIAM WHITE, President. 

CiSPAK WisTAn, Secretary. 



Of whom the number recovered is. 

Relieved, 

Died, 

Irregular and uncertain, 

Ksmalnlng under care. 



RECEIPTS. 
Annual contributions, 
Interest on Bonds and Mortgages, 
Life Subscription of Thomas Astley, 
Do. do. Thomas Blddle, 
Dividends on Bank Stock, 
Do. U. States do. 

Do. Schuylkill Permanent Bridge, 

Do. Union Canal Lo.an, 

House rent, including proportion of income 
of Real Estate, bequeathed bv James 
Wills, - . - . 

Ground Rent, - • - 

Received by Wm. Davidson, administrator 
of the late Dr. Charles Brown, 



EXPENDITURES. 

House expenses, - - $400 26 

Medicines, - - - 768 66 

Apothecary's Salary-, - - 40J 00 

Statlonaries, ' - - - 51 00 

Repairs and Tax on Zane street property, 104 39 
Balance paid Wm. Davidson, late Treasurer, 

due from last year, - - 84 03 

Annuity paid under the will of the 4ate Dr. 

Charles Brown, - - - 100 00 

Balance in Treasurer's hands, - 131 54 

$2039 93 
In presenting; their forty-fifth annual report the ma- 



SOUTHERN DISPENSARY. 

One thousand one hundred and eight patients have 
been attended by the Physicians of the Dispensary, du- 
ring the year, from the' l8th December, 1830, to the 
.7th December, 1831. 

Remaining from last year, - - 17 

Admitted since that time, - - 1091 

1108 

Of these the number Recovered is. 
Relieved, 
Died, 

Irregular or uncertain. 
Removed, 
Remaining under care, 

1108 

The receipts and expenditures have been as follows: 
The Treasurer has received from the 18th December, 

1830, to December 27th, 1831, 
In Donations, - - - - -$5 00 

Annual Contributions, - - 120 25 

Thomas Riddle's proportion of the Rent of Pro- 
perty left by James Wills, to the ttjree Dis- 
pensaries, - - - - 180 00 
Interest on Bond and Mortgage, - - 60 00 
P. Goeller, I vear's Ground Kent, - 7 85 
Balance in Tr'easui-er's hands Dec. 18, 1830, 73 49 

?445 59 



EXPENDITURES. 

Apothecaries' Salary, 

House expenses and medicines. 

Collecting Subscriptions, 

One year's Ground Rent on Dispensary Lot, 

Balance in Treasurer's hands this day, 



200 00 

2l,8 67 

8 67 

2) 52 



$44t> 59 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[Jarcaiit 



Donations and subscript'ons w;i] be gratefullv re- 
ceived by the Presidenf, Cliarles Penrose, Robert Mc- 
Mullen, Treasurer, or any of the Manag-ers. 

Published by d rect on of the Bourd^ 

CHAHLES PENROSE, President. 

PiTEB Williamson, Secretaiy. 

Flu, II Il,p !'l,,l„l, l,,l,,3 G..Z.-.I.;. 

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 

THcnsD.ir, Dec. 22, 1831. 
SELECT COUNCIL.— Mr. Fox presented the an- 
nexed petition for a l-'ish market, which was referred 
to the Comm.tte on markets. 

Tu the Hunorubk the Select nnrf C'nmmcn Councils of 
Ike Cili/ „f PhilaJdplua. 

The petition of tlie subscribers respectfully shewcth: 
—That the want of a stand appropriated for the pur- 
pose of sell ng: Fish in tlie m ddJe p.trt ofHgh street 
market, has long- been felt and much complained of. 
The only stands for selling- the article, are, ih; one in 
H.gh street, between Water and the River Delaware, 
and the one at the east side of S x'h street, at the end 
of the market. These it m.-iy be thought are sufficxnt 
for the exh b ton of whatever quantity of the artcle 
may be brought to the market, and as convei\ent for 
the citizens as they could des re W.th all respect for 
the opin'ons of those of our fellow citzens who may be 
jncl.ned thus to think, we are convinced that if your 
honorable bodies would appropriate the East end of 
the Third street market for a F.sh stand, it would be 
a conven'ence to a very large portion of the citizens, 
and would in the end, be more advantageous to them 
than either of the stands now appropriated for this pnr- 
pose. 

The bring'ng of Fish to market in the winter season, 
we bel.evr, is carr'ed on wholly by a company who have 
taken all tne stands of any importance in the markets, 
and hav.ng secured to themselves this advantage, they 
make pujchasers piy their own price for the arti- 
cle they deal In. If the stand we ask shall be granted 
by your honorable bod es, we know that ano h^r com- 
pany who have been some time endeavour ng to br ng 
F sh to this market, wotdd gladly ava 1 themselves of 
the opportun.ty to rent the stand proposed, and accom- 
modate their fellow c.tizens by sell ng the'r Fish at a 
more reasonable and more moderate rate and in greater 
variety than they can now be had. A fair and honora- 
ble competition wsuld thus be established, and the 
cit zens have an opportunity of purchasing at more ac- 
ceptable prices, the d fferent kinds of Kish that would 
be brought to market by the different companies, and 
ofjudgngfor themselves of their quality. The stand 
now asked for would also be of great advantage to 
those of our fellow citizens who are in the habit of 
marketing in the m ddle and lower part of H'gh street 
market. If your honorable bodies sh.all th'nk proper 
to grant the stand pr.aycd for, your pettoners will be 
grateful, and the pubic soon feel and acknowledge the 
favor bestowed. 

Mr. DciN-E, as Chairman of the Committee of Wills' 
Leoact, made the following report and resolution, 
wh ch were agreed to. ' 

The committee on the Wills' Legacy, respectfully 
report, 

Tha», in compliance with the instructions given to 
them, by Counc Is, on the 2oth of August last, they 
publ cly offered a prein um of one hundred dollars 
for the best, and a prem um of fiftv dollars, for the 
second best plan of a bu Id ng for an' asylum for the 
lame and bind, agreeably to the intenfon of the late 
.lames W Ih; and, that in consequence, plans have 
been presentred by the geniemen, who are here named 
in the order in wh ch the r respective plans were pre- 
sented.— Mr. John Haviland, Mr. John C. Trautwine, 



Mr. William Rodr'gues, Mr. Thomas W. Walter, and 
Ml- George Sennefi'. 

As Counc Is have resolved that they w'll-<lcc'dc, on 
or before the first day of January, 1832, on tlie plan to 
be i.djpted, the whole of the plans recently presented, 
and two plans one by Mr. Strickland, and the othtr by 
Mr. Haviland, presented prior to Avigiist last, arc now 
laidbifjre Councils by the committee on the W.lls' 
Legacy: The following resolution is also respectfully 
submitted. 

Resolved, That when Councils adjourn, they adjourn 
to meet on Thursday, the 29th December, inst. at 3 P. 
M. for the purpose of deeding on the plan to be adopt- 
ed for the asylum for the lame and blind. 

COMMON COUNCIL — Mr. Fnir/. presented a pe- 
tit'on s'milar to the one presented by Mr. Fox in tlie 
Select Council wliich was referred to the same Com- 
mittee. 

Mr. Cohtfll presented a petition for an Alarm Bell 
in the North Western section of the city, which was re- 
ferred to the Committee on Fire Companies. 

Mr. McnoAT presented the annexed petition from 
the occupants of stalls for sell ng vegetables, which 
wasrefen-ed to the Committee on markets. 

To /he Honorable ihe Select n- H C'nmmnn Councils of the 
City of Philadel/,h.a. 

The petition of the Subscribers, respectfully shew- 
eth. That they are renters and occupiers of the stands 
for the sale of veget.ibles on the north side of the 
maiket-house between Second and Th'rd streets in the 
city of Ph ladelphia, and labour under great inconveni- 
ence from the want of the use of the back ends of the 
benches of the stalls in the market there occupied by 
the victuallers. Your memorialists being on the outside 
of the market are exposed to the weather, and having 
at present no use of and part of the stalls, nor any 
thin.e;* sim lar, have no place, if occasion requires, to 
stand any th'ng on. They are obl'ged, for instance, 
either to hold their breakfasts in their hands whilst eat- 
ing, or, if a customer is to be served, to place it on the 
ground. So if cit'zens wish to leave any part of their 
market'ng with them till their return from other mar- 
ketng, as often happens, they have no place to put it 
except on the g ound, where it is liable to become dirty 
and be exposed to the dogs that are prowling about. 
Besides they regret to say that the victuallers, behind 
whom they stand, are in the habit of putting offals and 
bloody parts of the carcases of the creatiu-es they have 
killed, on those back ends of the benches of the' stalls, 
so that they can scarcely turn round without smearing 
their clothes; the flies also swarm there in summer, and 
smells that are very disagreeable are produced thereby. 
Indeed the grieiances under which your petitioners 
labour are vei-y great in this respect, and they find 
they can get no accommodafon from the v'ctu'allers 
without submittng to exactions and being beholden to 
them as a sort of tenants .at sufferance, and as they pay 
a rent of #15 per .annum for these outside stands which 
are so inconvenient at best, they respectfully ask Coun- 
c'ls to take the'r case into considerat'on and grant thera 
the use of the back ends of the benclies of the stalls, in 
the market aforesa'd, near up to the railing, wh'ch they 
conceive moreover properly belonging to them, as they 
project over the part yotu' petitioners occupy; where- 
fore they hope this their reasonable request, will be 
g^nted bv Councls. 

Philadelphia, 8th Dec. 1831. 

A commun"cation was received from AVilliam Born, 
Esq relative to closing Blackberry Alley, which was 
laid on the table. 

Mr Moor, from the comm'ttee on Markets, made 
the following report and resolution, which were agretd 



183S.) 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



The Comm'ttee on Markets to whom was referred the ) 
pet t:orLof siindiy >>hne dealers, and also the memo- I 
ral of a number of shoemakers occupying stalls un- 
der the eaves of the H tfh street market between 
Third and Fourth street, beg leave to report, 
That, by the ordinance of June 8 h, 1826, the west- 
ern moety of the space under the eaves on the north 
side of the 11. gh street market house, between Th'rd 
and Fourth streets, is appropriated as stands for the 
sale of shoes, stockings, and other domestic manufac- 
tures. 

This ordinance being in full force and opcrat'on, and 
the stand rented to the present occupants, who have 
long since paid the rent thereof to the City Commis- 
sioners, your committee are of ' pinion that it is inexpe- 
dient to legislate on the subject at present and offer the 
following resolution: 

Resolved, That the committee be discharged from 
the further cons'derat'on of the subject. 

Mr. Okie as Chairman of the Comm ttec of Accounts, 
made the annexed report wh ch was adopted. 

The Committee of Accounts beg leave to Report, 
1 hat they have exam'ned the accounts of the C ty 
Treasurer for the third quarter of the present year, 
together with his accounts with Dr Benjam n Franklin's 
and John Scott's Legacies, for the same period, and 
compared the same w.th the respective books of ac- 
counts, bank books and other vouchers; all of which 
thev have found to be correct. 

Mr OLhE>-Brnr. as Chairm.-in of the Comm'ttee, to 
whom WIS referred the commuii'cation of Will am 
Rush, Rsq made the following report and resolution, 
accompan ed by the annexed documents. The resolu- 
tion was agreed to. 

The Committee to whom was referred the letter of 

William Ru.sh, Esq relative to encroachments on tile 

river Schuylkill, beg leave to report: 

Thatt'iey have consulted with Messrs- Samuel Hains, 
Frederick Graff and David McClurc, and h;ive received 
communications from them which they herewith sub- 
mit to Counc Is From the views of these gen'lemen, 
and the facts sfa'cd by them, the importance of Coun- 
cils making an early appl.cat on to the Legislature to 
pass an act providing aga.nst encroachments by wh;irves 
and bu Id ngs, on both sides of the Schuylkill, from 
Far Mount to its mouth, will be clearly seen. In order 
to enable the Legislature to act with proper informa- 
tion on the subject, it will be necessary to have a cor- 
rect survey made of the Schuylkill, designating the 
soundin-3, area for the passage of water at different 
points, lie. as recommended if the above named gen- 
tlemen. The (.'ommittee therefore respectfully submit 
the following resolutions: 

1. Resolved, Hy the S<lect and Common Councils, 
that Samuel Hains and I)av d .McClure be appointed to 
make a survey of the river Schuylkill from Far Mount 
to its mouth, with a plan there f, and report the same 
to Councils; the expenses thereof to be charged to 
appropr ation No. 21. 

2 Resolved, By tlie authority aforesaid, that on said 
report being made, the Wardens of the port be request- 
ed by (;otuicils not to suffer any encroachments on said 
river contrary to said plan and report, until opportunity 
can be afforded of the Legislature acting on the subject. 

To the Comm'ttee of Councls appointed on the com- 
munication of William Rush, Esq. 

Gentlemen: — The undersigned having carefully ex- 
amined the s\ibject to which you had called their atten- 
tion, agree to report — that in their opinion regular 
wharf-lines, ought to be fixed on each side of the river 
Schuylk'U, from F;iir Mount to the river Delaware. 

The distance between two lines, in no place to be 
less than five hundred feet — and that distance to be in- 
creased, where the average depth of the channel to 
hard bottom, is less than sixteen feet, so as to pre in 



all places a section of r/tnr witer wv, the area of 
wh ch sh:dl be at Ic.ist, eight thousand square f^et. 

Tile channel between the wharf-1 iKS, to be located, 
so as to embrace the deepest part of the river to hard 
bottom, w thout rcgiird to present improvements, or 
deposits of soft mud, avo ding as much as poss.ble, all 
crooks and turns of short radius. 

L nes for permanent buddings, ought also to be fix- 
ed on each s.de of the river, pne hundred and fifty feet 
d stant, from each wharf-line, between wh ch and the 
wharf-line, no building, fixture, or improvement, of a 
permanent character to be made. th.at shall rise on an 
average higher tiian two feet above common high 
water. 

In order to decide upon the best location for the 
channel of tlie river, a correct survey of its margin, 
with numerous and accurate soundings to hard bottom, 
will be necessary. 

The wharf ;ind bu'lding lines when fixed, and estab- 
lished, to be recorded and known by bear. ngs and dis- 
tances taken to fixed and permanent objects, that may 
be at all times easily referred to. 

Vei-y respectfully, yours, &c. 

Samckl Hatss, 
DiTiu McClcrr. 

December 19, 1831. 
To the Committee of Councils, appointed on the com- 
munication of t^ illiam Rush, Esq. on the subject of 

the navigation of the Schuylkill river. 

Gentlemen, — Tn compliance with your request, I ' 
offer my opinion as to the most effectu;il manner of 
maintaining the navigation of the river Schuylk.ll, of 
preserving fiom destruct ve effects of the back wa'er, 
the store houses and other improvemi'nts on its banks 
and (if protecting the future operations of the Water 
Works, at FaT Mo\int, which in my opinion will be 
destroyed if ih; wharves on the river should be ex- 
tended from the Upper Ferry to its junction w.th the 
river Delaware, agreeably to the plan which has been 
alre:uly adopted with the wh;irves recently erected. 

On mature cons deration of the subject, 1 beg leave 
to recommend that correct soundings be made of the 
depth of the river to hard bottom, or rock, in order to 
establish standard widths to be regidated in such man- 
ner as to give free vent to the water between the 
wharves wh ch should be erected, equal in area of not 
less in any section of the river throughout than 7200 
feet, taking as a data that the spaces to be left between 
the wharves to be erected on each sde of the river 
shall never be less than 453 feet, and that where the 
river shall be found pliant by the projection of hard or 
rock bottom, that the distance shall be widened be- 
tween the whan'cs to be built opposite such shoal in a 
ratio so as to retain the required area as above mention- 
ed, which shoidd on no account be dimin shed. 

I also recommend that with the operation of sound- 
ing the river, a survey be made, establishing perma- 
nent boundaries, or wharflines, whereby the scutes 
f.)r wharves intended to be erected can be ascertained 
and regulated suitable to the space to be retained be- 
tween them at any point. 

In my opinion no wharves or other improvements 
should in future be raised higher than t» o feet above 
the established high tide plain, and th:it no permanent 
or other fixtures should be erected on any wharf at a 
less distance fiom the said 1 ne than 100 feet, wh'ch 
added to the space of 4.50 feet recommended to be re- 
tiincd between the whancs, will leave together an 
area for the passage of ice and water in times of fresh- 
ets of 650 feet. 

The rise of ice and water above liigh tide at the per- 
manent bridge at High street, during tlie freshet of 
181.' was 10 feet 2 inches, the w.iter way between the 
wharves and piers of the High street bridge is 407 f.:et 
10 inches; and the width between the abutments is 532 
feet 3 inches, and had it not been for the addition&l 



6 



EDUCATION. 



[jANUi.Br 



passage afforded for the ice and water over the turn- Some benefits have resulted to particular sections, from 
pike road on the west side of the bridge, tlie rise of the leg-islative provisions of local operation, and from the 
river would have been mucli greater; under these con- benevolent exertions of philanthropic individuals, but 
siderations, I am of opinion that the area foi" the passage no ^OTfro/ system has been adopted. 
of the water recommended as a standard throughout | \^ith a view of promoting the establishment of public 



the whole section of the river cannot be too great. 

The effect produced by the freshets of 1784 and 1822 
leave but little doubt that much greater disasters may 
take place again, unless immediate and effectual means 
be adopted to prevent iimovations on this stream, som.e 
of wh'ch it is to be regretted have already been made 



schools tliis meeting has been called, and in a hope of 
pointing out the proper means of amving at so desira- 
ble an end, it is 

Resolved, That, in the opinion of this meeting, the 
means of education in Pennsylvania are wholly inade- 
quate to the wants of the people, and immeasurably be- 



by extending wharves into the river from 10 to 20 feet I liind the advantages which are enjo^'ed by the citizens 
beyond low water mark. of other states, while there is nothing in the peculiarity 

In order to illustrate more clearly the necessity of | of our situation to warrant or excuse the disparity, 
establishing permanent wharf-lines, I bee; leave to state Resolved, That, recognizing the truth of the axiom 
that on a measvu-ement of the water space between the that "knowledge is power," we are bound as republi- 
wharf at the foot of Cedar street on Schuylkill, and the cans, to seek to procure for every class of the ccmmu- 
wharf lately erected on tlie property of the new Alms I nitj", the necessary advantages of education, that "pow- 
Hpuse opposite, the distance was found to be only 405 ermay not with knowledge" steal from the many to the 
feet, and the space, between the wharf of Messrs. AVeth- 1 few. 

eriU's below Chesnut street, and the wharf opposite, Resolvedj That the Legislative delegation of the city 
measures but 366 feet, leaving only an area of water I and county of Philadelphia, be requested to use all 
passage 5856 feet, whilst the area between the abut- constitutional means to prociu-e the enactment of a law, 
ments of High street bridge is 11,800 feet. | authorising the establishment of schools by which every 

If the soundings of the river, and a survey of wharf- ' child in the state may obtain, at public expense, the 
lines be estabhshed as recommended, it will enable ! solid branches of an English or German education. 
the Wardens of the Port to determine the locations for \ Resolved, That this meeting recognize with satisfac- 
wharves "without difficulty, and will preserve a perfect , tion, the exertons of the friends of public schools in 
navigation, and prevent destruction by inundations, j the last Legislature; and augur fi-om their zeal and the 
which otherwise must occur by every trifling freshet I evident improvement in public opinion, a successful is- 
when a number of wharves shall be built according to j sue to similar efforts 
the present regulations. 

Very respectfully, your humble serv't. 

J"bed. Graff. 

December 19, 1831. 



GENEUAL EDUCATION. 

At a-verv large and highly respectable meeting of 
citizens of the city and county of Philadelphia, friendly 
to the promotion of General Education, held on 
Tuesday evening, Nov. 29, at the nistrict Court Room, 
B. W. RICHARDS, Esq. Mayor of the city was called 
upon to preside, ass sted by SAMCEt GnirE, Esq. of 
Kensington, and John L. Woolf, Esq. of Penn town- 
ship, as Vice Presidents; James Pack, of the city, and 
B. M.iTTHiAS, of the Northern Liberties, were appoint- 
ed Secretaries. 

The object of the meeting being stated by the 
Chairman, Joseph R. Chinhler, Esq. offered the fol- 
lowing preamble and resolutions, which were unani- 
mously approved of: 

PREAMBLE. 

One of the 'most distinctive features of the -present 
age, and that bv which it will hereafter be most favour- 
,ably known, is" the active spirit of improvemeiit that 
'seeks to meliorate the condition of every rank in life, 
insuring comforts to the humble, and security to the el- 
evated. In no way has this spirit been more benefi- 
cially active than in the advancement of Education, 
and the diffusion of that species of learning that has 
now become necessary to the ordinary business of 
tradesmen, and the understanding and enjoyment of the 
rights of citizenship. ■ 

Aware of the requirements of the times, the citizens 
and legislators of other states are seen making provi- 
sions fjr public schools when none have been in use 
before, and when systems of free schools have long 
been established, they are improving those systems to 
meet the advancement of science, and give to them 
practically all the beneficial features which their theory 
would seem to comprehend. 

Attempts have been made from time to time to intro- 
duce "into Pennsylvania some of those advantages that 
have distinguished and blessed her more favoured 
neighbours) hitherto this object has been unattained. 



p Resolved, That a committee be appointed to corres- 
pond with any member or members of the state Legis- 
lature, or with others who may be desirous to obtain or 
impart information on the subject of publ c schools. 

In pursuance of the last resolution, the following- 
gentlemen were appointed a committee of correspond- 
ence: . 



Citv. County. 

B. W. Richards, John C. Browne, 

Joseph R. Chandler, John L Woolf, 

John Ashton, jr. Adam Woelper, 

AV alter R Johnston, Jesse Groves, 

M. M- Carll, Wm. J. Young, 

W. H. Gllingham, John Thompson, jr. 

Geo. M. Stroud, Joseph R. Bolton, 

Job R. Tyson, . B. Matthias, 

James Page, W. G. Alexander, 

" Antony Lausatt, Samuel Harvey, 

Samuel Grice. 
The meeting was addressed by Joseph R, Chandler, 
M. M. Carll, B. W. Richards, John Ashton, jr. Esq'rs. 
and by several other gentlemen. 

On motion of Mr. Antony Lausatt, it was 
Resolved, That the thanks of the meeting be ten- 
dered to B. W. Richards, Esq. for the able and impar- 
tial mannner in which he has presided over its delibera- 
tions. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be 
published. 

On motion, the meeting adioumed. 

B. AV. RICHARDS, Chairman. 



Samuel Grice, ? y^^^ presidents. 
JOHS L. WooiF, > 



James Page, ? secretaries. 
Matthias, ) 



B 



REPORT 

Of one of Ihe Comml/lees arising out of the lale 
Town Meetisg. 

Your committee, " appointed to devise and recom- 
mend the most suitable mode of caUing the attention of 
the people of the state of Pennsylvania, to the impor- 
tance of a system of Common Schools," beg leave to 
report. 



t832.] 



EDUCATION. 



That they have taken the subject embraced in the 
above resolution, into the serious consideration which 
itj importance demands. 

Your committee will, in the first place, invite your at- 
tention to some of the more prominent fticln as they 
now exist, in relation to this momentous subject of edu- 
cation. 

The first well-authenticated fact, well calculated to 
startle every reflecting: man in the commonwealth is, 
that Pennsylvania has hundreds of thousands of her 
sons and daughters, who are entirely destitute of the 
means of intellectual culture ! and thus, this great and 
flourishing state has a dark and portentous cloud of ig- 
norance and imbecility hanging over and obscuring her 
future prospects. 

Second, That repeated memorials and petitions have 
been sent from different sections of the state, to the 
legislature, praying for a system of genei-al educa- 
tion, adapted to her wants and necessities, but hitherto, 
witliout any adequate result. 

Third, That liberal provision has been gi-anted to col- 
leges, academies, and the higher departments of learn- 
ing, whilst that for common schools, adapted to the ex- 
igencies of the great mass of the people, has been with- 
held, or at best imparted with a penurious and grudg- 
ing policy. 

Fourth, Th.at an extraordinary degree of supineneSS 
and indift'erence has hitherto prevailed among the peo- 
ple of this state upon this subject,and hence it has been 
regarded by the representatives as an unpopular mea- 
sure. 

Fifth, That the circumstances of the state of Penn- 
sylvania are, in relation to this subject, peculiar; and 
this peculiarity arises out of the nature and character of 
her population: having a numerous and respect;ible 
class of Germans,speaking their own language, and from 
their industry and wealth, exercising no inconsiderable 
influence in the councils and measures of government. 
Wisely and judiciously to meet this state of things, 
and to devise a pUn which shall have a tendency to ob- 
viate the difliculty, appears to be the important duty as- 
signed your committee. 

It is obvious that every measure of importance must 
emanate f.-nm the people; and that the legislature will 
not act, either on this or on any other subject, contra- 
ry to the the wislics of their constituents. 

The editoi-s of newspapers generally, throughout the 
state, are actuated by a similar spirit; (to tliis there are, 
no doubt, many honorable exceptions, i the course, 
then, to be pursued, is plain and manifest; — make the 
measure popular, and yet seciu-e the talents and co-op- 
eration ot both legislators and editors of public jour' als. 
The course, then, to be pursued is, to make a direct 
appeal to the people. How is this to be done? is the 
question next to be considered. 

The three following modes present themselves to 
your Committe, as the most likely to be attended witli 
success. First, through the medium of the press, 
•wherever accessible; second by callmg public meetings 
in different sections of tlie State; and, third, by an agent 
suitably qualified to address public assemblies, and 
make earnest appeals to the people, face to face. 

First, through the medium of the Press. In order 
that this mode may be rendered efi"ect\ial, well written 
communcations addressed to the people, would be re- 
quired, bearing particularly upon the following points : 
The vast importance of education to man, in relation to 
his future state of existence; in relation to his individual, 
moral, and intellectual energies; and, in relation to his 
character and duty, as a citizen of a free and indepen- 
dent state. 

These communic itions should be written both in the 
English and German language, and for this purpose 
your committee would recommend that some philanthro- 
pic and enlightened German be sought out and added 
to our body, that we might tlius avail ourselves of liis la- 
bors and influence among those who speak his lan- 
guage. 



In this Way the people rriay be reached, they might 
be simulated to exertion, and exhorted to follow the 
example of their brethren in other sections of the State, 
in call ng pubhc meetings, in which the subject might 
be discussed, and instructions sent to their delegates in 
the Legislature. 

Both these means would be greatly facilitated by the 
presence and co-operation of an experienced and judi- 
cious agent or agents,who,by delivering public lectures, 
and well-timed addresses to the people, might diffuse 
light and information, and certainly enlist the feelings 
and approbation of the more influential and better in- 
formed portions of the community. 

In addition to his addressing tiie publi?, it would be 
an important part uf llie duty of these agents to be pos- 
sessed of a knowledge of all the recent and valuable im- 
provements in elementary or primary instruction. They 
should have the requisite information, and be furnished 
with the means necessary for forming those infantile 
establishmeiUs on the most improved plan, in all the 
towns and populous villages, and, as a matter of econ- 
o"iy, should consider it as a part of their duty to qualify 
females to take charge of them. 

What numbers of females are there in the coimtry, 
who for a small salary, would willingly underaake the 
management of such a school ! 

And how many are there in easy circumstances, 
whose kind and benevolent feelings would prompt 
them to devote a part of their leisure in the fulfilment 
of sui:h an exalted and delightful duty ! 

That this is not so fanciful as some, at first view, 
may be led to suppose, t.ake the following fact:' one of" 
your committee, chn-ing the last summer, in travelling' 
to Pittsburg, passed the Fourth of July in one of tlie 
intermediate towns: In walking through town accom- 
panied by a young lady, daughter of a friend, our at- 
tention was attracted to a man lying on a bench in the 
sun, in a piti.able state of intoxication, on enquiry it 
proved to be Ihe iSc/ioiilmmier cf llie ftllngr.' the only 
man in the town to whom was entrusted the morals 
and intellects of the rising generation !! This naturally 
led to a convers;ition on the subject of Infant Schools; 
one of your committee strongly recommended to tlie 
young l;idy, who he knew hid suflicient leisure, to 
commence one in the town without delay; and at her 
request left the outline of a plan for the mode of con- 
ducting it. She said she would consult her female ac- 
quaintance, and seemed pleased with the benevolent 
idea of collecting the little children together, who were 
running wild about tlie houses, and of introducing 
something like order and improvement among them. 
Had it been consistent with other duties to remain a 
few days among them, to call the people together and 
address them in the spirit of affection and reason, can 
any one doubt the result.' A school of the little ne- 
glected children would have been formed in a week ! 

From this and other facts of a similar nature, your 
committee are confirmed in the opinion, that our ob- 
ject would be greatly facilitated by the three modes 
above suggested, 'were they put into simultaneous 
practice. 

Your committee beg leave to conclude their report 
with the following reflection: — 

The power of unlimited progressive improvement is 
a faculty peculiar to man, and one of those striking 
characteristics by which he is distinguished from the 
inferior orders of existence. The subordinate races of 
beings commence life with all the science and all the 
instincts necessar)' for their prescr^•ation, and for the 
purposes which they are designed to fulfil: but man 
comes into the world helpless, ignorant, and wholly un- 
able to provide for himself. He is at first impotent, 
but furnished with a latent, controlling power, which 
gives him dominion over every living tiling, and forces 
even the eknienls to contribute to his will. 

He is at first ignorant, because capable of all know- 
ledge; uninsfructeA by instinct, because his mind ii 



8 



PHILADELPHIA LYING-IN CHARITY. 



(Jaxcabs 



susceptible of boundless expansion, under the enlarg- 
ingf influence of love, intelligence and reason. 

Sue 1 is the nature of man! — can any labor be con- 
sider^-d too arduou-i, any sacr.fices too .?reat, in a cause 
wh ch is des g'lied to foiter, to develope, and give a 
pj-oper d.rect.on to talents and faculties so wonderful 
and so prec'ous. 

S.g-ned M. M. CARLL, ^ 

SAML. GIIICE, i „ 

W.M. J. YOUiVG, f Committee. 

B. MATTHIAS, J 



PHIL.\DELPH1A LYING-IN CHARITY, 

I'ur nllendiiig /iijigeiit Fernuks at ihelr own Hi/uses. 



- Among the numerous objects that have excited the 
active charity of the benevolent and humane in this 
c;ty, it is rather matter of surprise that the urgent, anx- 
ioui necessities of tile indigent parturient female, have 
received so small a share of publ.c attention. With a 
view to invite a portion of the munificence of the phi- 
lanthropist to tbe cheerless residence of the lying-in 
female — to awaken in her behalf the tender sympa- 
thies of her own sex, and to secure profess'onal attend- 
ance to such as are unable to compensate medical prac- 
titioners for their serv.ces at this trying period — The 
Phii.ade^ paii Lvisr.-ix Chvuitt, /("• uttend no '"d'- 
gent ft-nalcs at ftieir own hnuses^ has been established. 

Institutions for the gratuitous accommodation of ly- 
ing- n women, are common in the large cities of Eu- , 
rope, and they have been justly esteemed among the 
pr.m.iry objects for tbe exercise of benevolence. Nor i 
have tile inhabit;ints of Ph ladelph'a been altogether | 
unmindful of the interests and comforts of that necessi- i 
tous class of the female commun ty, whose interesting j 
situation claims the fostering care of the humane: the 
Pennsylvania Ho'spital ha?, for a series of years, afford- 
ed a comfortable sojourn for a limited number of the | 
n2c;-sstous married lying-in females, and many have ' 
ava.led th.-mielves of its bounty; the Lying-in Ward of 
the Pii.ladelpli a Alms House Infirmary, an institution | 
supported at the publ c expense, has also been the | 
friendly asylum of thousands who, but for its existence, 
mist have undergone much severe suffering, ar.s'ng from 
indigence, and' risk of l.fefrom incompetent attendants; 
the several Dispensaries, too, of the city and its Liber- 
ties, are institutions wh ch, for many years, have ex- 
tended their charitable medical care and attendance 
to in d. gent lying-in females. 

The accommodations at the Pennsylvania Hospital, 
litnited as they are to a very smair" number, are closed 
against such females as cannot first provide for the care 
and support of the ch klren they may have already de- 
pendent on their attention. The chikben cannot be 
admitted with the mother, and to provide for their wel- 
fare during her absence, if at all practicable, may re- 
quire an expense beyond her means. 

At the Alms House Infirmary, a d'fficulty not easi- 
ly removed, aho occurs: the ch Idren must first be pro- 
vided for by the parent; or, if admitted with the mo- 
ther, they are separated from her, turned into the com- 
mon herd, where her control cannot reach, and where 
they are dejirived of parent's watchful eye, at that 
tender age w'len most required. 

There is also another c'rcumstance wlvch must limit 
in some degree the benefits of these pubic institutions 
to females. However extensive and complete may be 
the advantages afforded to a large number who can 
conveniently enter them, yet there w'U always exist no ' 
small number whose reluctance to lying-in in a pubic I 
institution is so great, that rather than consent, they j 
will undergo the greatest suffering and inconvenience at j 
home. This may arise from various causes — such as a 
separation from their friends — the dread of supposed | 
experiments, and the fear of a public exposure of their j 
dependence upon charitable institutions, J 



We cannot omit mentioning what is of very seriotis 
importimce, and wh ch shows in a strong light the no- 
cess:ty of estiiblishing some general .rrangement by 
which ind'gent females can obtain with certainty, the 
professional aidof competent and instiucted physicians. 
We allude to the kirge number of still-born ch-ldrcn 
which appears in almost every weikly b 11 of mortality. 
It is to be feared that many of these cases have been 
the result of ignorance or temerity on the part of in- 
competent attendants, where delicacy, under straitened 
c rcumstances, may have prevented the employment of 
well instructed practioners. 

W.th regard to the appl'cation of the charit}' of this as- 
sociation, great care w.U be taken to discriminate be- 
tween the deserving and the undeserving. Its benefits 
w.U be confined exclusively to those who are indigent, 
necessitous, and unable to command professional attend- 
ance. Our object is not to encourage inactivity, and 
improvidence, but to mitigate the unavoidable sufl'ering 
incident by nature to the feebler portion of the human 
family, and to furnish some of the cheering comforts re- 
quired, and which the individuals cannot possibly pro- 
cure. We need not name the particidar causes that 
may render the application of this charity necessar}', 
such as long continued sickness in a fimily — a want of 
employment in the inclement season of our climate — the 
worthlessness of some husbands— unavoidable ill success 
in business, &c. such cases are known to exist and very 
extensively. 

True charity adm'nisters to the wants of indigence in 
whatever form they may appear, and wherever found; 
nor shrinks from affording rekef, let the cause have been 
what it may. 

In this character it is expected the Philadelphia Ly- 
ing-in Charity will appear; w.lling to extend its pecul ar 
a'd to every case of helpless ind gence, and our sincere 
wish is, that it may prove extensivel)' useful, in addition 
to the means already employed for diffusing among the 
indigent an increased degree of comfort and happiness. 

At a meeting of the association hdd No> ember i6, the 
follow' ng gentlemen were elected officers for the ensu- 
ing vear: 

P'res dent— W. P. Dewees, M. D. 
Vce Presidents — Roberts 'Vaux, Ales. Henry. 
Chairman— F. S P,eattie, M. D. 
Treasurer — Eclv.'ard Needles 
Secretary — Karpe;- Walton, M. D. 
MANAGERS. 

j Christopher Marshall, Eli Welding, 

I R' chard S. Risley. John Crean, jr. 

I Alexander Cook, James Hutchinson, 

i Roberts Vaux, John Stile, 

: Alexander Henr)', A L. Pennock, 

' Edward Needles, Thomas Eustace, 

Iiewis Walton, Samuel Moore, 

' Thomas Estlack, Lewis Ryan, 

j Moses Reed, ' Levi Garrett. 

ATTENDING PHYSICIANS. 

I Charles Lukens, M. D. Harper Walton. M. D. 

Joseph Warrington, SI. D. T. F. Ash, M D. 
F S Beattie, M. U W Jewell, M D. 

lE Y: Howell, MT). J G. Nanc ede, M. D. 

George Spackman, M D. C. Dunnat, M. D. 
Robert Stewart, M D. 
December 6, 1831. 



MiLF"Br, Dec. 16. 
The Delaware river at this place has been closed for 
three weeks past; and we understand that a number of 
teams have crossed on the ice. 

Skating. — Mr. Gerber, from Northumberland coun- 
ty, on a late visit to Philadelphia, returned to this bo- 
rough, by way of the SchuylkiU Canal, with Skates 
on the ice. He left the City after breakfast, and arrived 
at Reading on the evening of the same day, without let 
or hindrance of tolls or gates. — Berks Journal. 



1832.] 



GIRARD'S WtLL. 



d 



THE W I L L 

OF Tll»". r. \TE 

STEPHEN (;il{.\Kl), ESQ. 

I, STErnEN Gin.ini), ofiheCity of Philadelphia, in 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Mariner and 
Merchant, bein^ of sound mind, memory and under- 
standing^, do make and publish this my last Will and 
Testament, in manner following': that is to say — 

To PlDLlC ISTSITITIOSS. 

I. I give and bequeath unto "The Contributors to 
the Pennsylvania Hospital," of which Corporation I am 
a member! the sum of Tlurli/ Tlwumnd llolbrs, upon 
the following conditions, namely, that the said sum 
shall be added to their Capitil, and shall remain a part 
thereof for ever, to be placed at interest, and the in- 
terest thereof to be applied, in the fir^t place, to pay to 
my black woman Hannah (to whom I hereby give her 
freedom,) the sum of two hundred dollars per 3'ear, in 
quarterly payments of fifty dollars each in advance, 
during- ;ill the term of her life; and, in lite second place, 
the said interest to be applied to die use and accommo- 
dation of the sick in the said Hospital, and for pro- 
viding, and at all times having competent matrons, 
and a sufficient number of nurses and assistant nurses, 
in order not only to promote the purposes of the said 
Hospital, but to increase this last class of useful per- 
sons much wanted in our city, 

H. I give and bequeath to "The Pennsylvania In- 
stitution for the Deaf and Dumb," the sum of Twenty 
Thousand Dullurs, for the use of that Institution. 

HI. I give and bequeath to "The Orphan Asylum 
of Philadelphia," the sum of Ten 7'AousanU DuUurs, for 
tjie use of that Institution. 

'IV. I gi-e and bequeath to " The Comptrollers ofthe 
PubUc Schools for the City and County of Philadelphia," 
the sum of Tt.n Thousand Dollurs, for tlie use of the 
Schools upon the Lancaster system, in the first section 
ofthe first school district of Pennsylvania. 

V. I give and bequeath to "The Mayor, Aldermen 
and Citizens of Philadelphia," the sum of Ten Tliou- 
land Dulliirs, In trust, safely to invest the same in some 
productive fund, and with the interest and dividends 
arising dierefrom to p\irchase fuel between the months 
of March and August in every year for ever, and-in the 
month of January in every year for ever, distribute the 
same among poor white ho\ise-keepers and room-keep- 
ers, of good character, residing in the city of Philadel- 
phia. 

VI. I give and bequeath to the Society for the Relief 
of poor and distressed Masters of Ships, their Widows 
and Children, (of which Society I am a member) the 
sum of Yen Tlunurind Dallam, to be added to their 
Capital stock, for the uses and purposes of said Society. 

VII. I give and bequeath to the gentlemen who shall 
be Trustees of the M.isonic Loan, at the time of my 
decease, tlie sum of Ttvenhj Tlmusand Dollars, includ- 
ing therein ten thousand and nine htmdred dollars due- 
\r> me, part ofthe Masonic Loan, and any interest that 
may be due thereon at the time of my decease, in trust 
for' the use and benefit of " The Grand Lodge of Penn- 
sylvania, and Masonic Jurisdiction thereto belonging," 
and to be paid over by the said Trustees to the said 
Grand Lodge, for the purpose of being invested in 
some safe stock or funds, or other good security, and 
the dividends and interest arising therefrom to be agiiin 
so invested and added to the Capital, without applying 
any part thereof to any other purpose, until the whole 
capital shall amount to thirty thousand dollars, when 
the same shall for ever after remain a permanent fund or 
Capital, ofthe .said amount of thirty thousand dollars, 
the interest whereof shall be applied from time to time 
to the relief of poor and respectable brethren; and in 
order that the real and benevolent purposes of masonic 
institutions may be attained, I recommend to the sever* 
iX lodg^cs not to admit to membership, or to receive 

Vol. IX. 2 



members from other lodges unless (he applicant; shall 
absolutely be men of sound and good morals. 

ScllOOL-IlOLS}: IN Pissn^K. 

VIII. I give and bequeath urtto Philip Peltz, John 
Lentz, Francis Hesley, Jacob Baker and Adam Young, 
of Passyunk township, in the County of Philadelphia, 
the sum of Six Thousand Dollars, in trust, that they or 
the sun'ivors or survi\or of them shall purchase a suit- 
able piece of ground, as near as may be in the centre of 
said township,and thereon erect a substantial brick build- 
ing, sufficiently large for a school-house, and the resi- 
dence of a School-master, one part thereof for poor male 
white children, and the other part for poor female white 
children of said township; and as soon as the said 
school-house shall have been built, that they the said 
trustees or the survivors or survivor of them, shall con- 
vey the said piece of ground and house thereon erect- 
ed, and shall pay over such balance of said sum as may 
remain une.\pended, to any board of directors and their 
successors in trust, ■%vhjch may at the time exist or he 
by law constituted, consisting of at least twelve discreet 
inhabitants of the said township, and to be annually 
chosen by the inhabitants thereof; the said piece of 
ground and house to be carefully maintained by said 
directors and their successors solely for the purposes 
of a school as aforesaid for ever, and the said balance 
to be securely invested as a permanent fund, the 
interest thereof to be applied from time to time to- 
wards the education in the said school of any number 
of such poor white children of said township; and I do 
hereby recommend to the citizens of said township to 
make additions to the fund whereof I have laid the 
foundation. 

BEarrsTS to Isditidcais. 

IX. I give and devise my house and lot of ground 
thereto belonging, situated in rue Ramouet aux Chai^ 
trons, near the city of Bordeaux, in Fi-ance, and the 
rents, issues, and profits thereof, to my brother, Elienne 
Girard, and my niece Victoire Fenellon, (daughter of 
my late sister Sophia Girard Capayron,) (both residing 
in France,) in equal moieties for the life of my said 
brother, and, on liis decease, one moiety of the said 
house and lot to my said niece Victoire, ancThcr heirs for 
ever, and the other moiety to the "six children of my 
said brother, namely, John Fabriclus, Margvierite, Ann 
Henriette,Jean August, Marie, and Madclaine Henriette, 
share and share alike, (the issue of any deceased child, 
if more than one, to take amongst them the parent's 
share) and their heirs for ever. 

X. I give and bequeath to my said brother, Eticnne 
Girard, the sum o{ Five Thousand Dollars, and the like 
sum o( Five Thmisnnd Dcllars to each of his six cliildreil 
above named: if any ofthe said children shall die prior 
to the receipt of his or her legacy of five thousand dol- 
Icrs, tlie said sum shall be paid, and I give and bequeath 
the same to any issue of such deceased child, if more 
than one, share and share alike. 

XI. I give and bequeath to my said niece, Victoire 
Fenellon, the sum of Five Thousand Dollars. 

Nil. I give and bequeath 'absolutely to my niece. An- 
toinetta, now married to Mr. Hemphill, the sum of Ten 
Thousand Dollar}, and I also give and bequeath to her 
the sum of Fifit/ Thousand Dollars, to be paid over to 
a trustee or trustees to be appointed by my executors, 
which trustee or trustees shall place and continue the 
said sum of fifty thousand doll:irs upon good sectirity, 
and pay the interest and dividends thereof as they shall 
from time to time accrue, to my said niece for her sepa- 
rate use, during the term of her life, and from and im- 
mediately after her decease, to pay and distribiite the 
capitiil to and among such of her children and the issue 
of dccased children, and in such parts and sliares as she 
the said Antoinetta, by any instrument under her hand 
and seal, <'Xccuted in the presence of at least two 
credible witnes.?cs, shall direct and appoint, and for de- 
fault of such appointment, then to and amonp the said 



10 



GIRARD'S WILL. 



[JjiKWAHt 



children and issue of deceased children in equal shares, 
such issue of deceased children, if more than one, to 
take only the share which their deceased parent would 
have taken if living'. 

XIII. I give and bequeath unto my niece, Carolina, 
now married to Mr. Haslam, the sum of Ten Thtmsutid 
Dollars, to be paid over to a trustee or trustees to be 
appointed by my executors, which ti-ustee or trustees 
shall place and continue the said money upon good se- 

' curity, and pay the interest and dividends thereof from 
time to time as they shall accrue, to my said niece, for 
her separate use, during the term of her life; and from 
and immediately after her decease, to pay and dis- 
tribute the capital to and among- such of her children 
and issue of deceased cliildren, and in such parts and 
shares, as she the said Carolina, by any instrument under 
her hand and seal, executed in the presence of at least 
two credible witnesses, shall direct and appoint, and 
for default of such appointment, then to and among tlie 
said children, and issue of deceased children, in equal 
shares, such issue of deceased cliildren, if more than 
one, to take only the share which the deceased parent 
would have taken if living; but if my said niece, Caro- 
lina, shall leave no issue, tlien the said ti-ustee or trus- 
tees on her decease, shall pay the said capital and any 
interest accrued thereon, to and among Caroline Lallc- 
mand, (niece of tlie said Carolina,) and the childi-en of 
the aforesaid Antoinetta HemphiU, share and share 
alike. 

XIV. I g^ive and bequeath to my niece Henrietta, 
now married to Dr. Clark, tlie sum oiTm Thmisand Dol- 
lar!:; and I give and bequeath to her daughter Caroline, 
(in the last clause above named, } the sum of Twenfi/ 
Thousand Dultars — the interest of the said sum of twen- 
ty thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be ne- 
cessary, to be applied to the maintenance and educa- 
tion of the said Caroline during her minority, and the 
principal with any accumulated interest, to be paid to 
the said Caroline,' on her arrival at the age of twenty- 
one years. 

XV. Unto each of the Captains who shall be in my 
employment at the time of my decease, either in port, 
or at sea, having chai-ge of one of my ships or vessels, 
and having performed at least two voyages in my ser- 
vice, I give and bequeath the sum oi Fifteen Hundred 
Dollars — provided he shall have brought safely into the 
port of Philadelphia, or if at sea at the time of my de- 
cease, shall bring safely into that port, my ship or ves- 
sel last entru«led to him, and also that his conduct 
during the last voyage shall have been in every respect 
conformable to my instructions to him. 

XVI. All persons, who, at the time of my decease, 
shall be bound to me by indenture, as apprentices or 
sen'ants, and who shall then be under age, I direct my 
executors to assign to suitable masters immediately 
after my decease, for the remainder of their respective 
term?, on conditions as favourable as they can in regard 
to education, clothing and freedom- dues; to each of 
the said persons in my service and under age at the 
time of my decease, I give and bequeath the sum of 
Five Hundred Dollars, which sums respectively I direct 
my executors safely to invest in public stock, to apply 
the interest and dividends thereof, towards the educa- 
tion of the several apprentices, or servants, for whom 
the capital is given respectively, and at the termination 
of the apprenticeship or service of each, to pay to him 
or her the said sum of five hundred dollars and any in- 
terest accrued thereon, if any such interest shall remain 
unexpended; in assigning any indenture, preference 
shall be pven to the msther, father, or next relation, 
as assignee, should such mother, father, or relative de- 
sire it, and be at the same time respectable and com- 
petent. 

XVn. I give and bequeath to Francis Hesley (son of 
Mrs. S. Hesley, whoismother of Marianre Hesley, ) the 
sum of One Thousand Dollars, over and above such 
sum as may be due to him at my decease. 



AssniTiES. 

XVIII. I ch.arge my real estate in the State of Fenn- 
syhania with the payment ofthe several annuities or sums 
following, (tlie said annuities to be paid by the Treas- 
urer or other proper officer ofthe City of Philadelphia, 
appointed by the corporation thereof for the purpose, 
out ofthe rents and profits of said real estate herein- 
after directed to be Uept constantly rented,) namely: — 

1st I give and bequeath to Jtrs. Elizabeth Ingersoll, 
Widow of Jared Ingersoll, Esq., late of the City of 
Philadelphia, Counsellor at Law, an annuit)', or yearly- 
sum of Une Thouiond Dollars, to be paid in half-yearly 
payments, in advance, of five hundred dollars each, 
during her life. 

2d. I give and bequeath to Mrs. Catharine Girard, 
now widow of Mr. J. B. Hoskins, who died in the Isle 
of France, an annuity, or yearly sum of Four Hundred 
Dollar?, to be paid in half-yearly payments, in advance, 
of two hundred dollars each, during her life. 

3d. I give and bequeath to Mrs. Jane Taylor, my 
present housekeeper, (the widow of the late Captain 
Alexander Taylor, who was master of my ship Helve- 
tius, and died in my employment,) an annuity, or year- 
ly sum of Five Hundred Dollars, to be paid in half-year- 
ly payments, in advance, of two hundred and fifty dol- 
lars each, during her life. 

4th. I give and bequeath to Mrs. S . Hesley, my house- 
keeper at my place in Passyunk Township, an annuity, 
or yearly sum of Five Hwidred Dollars, to be paid in 
half-yearly payments, in advance, of two hundred and 
fifty dollars each, during her life. 

5th. I give and bequeath to Marianne Hesley, daughter 
of Mrs. S Hesley, an annuity, or yearly sum of Tli re Hun- 
dred Dollars, to be paid to her mother, for her use, in 
half-yearly payments, in advance, of one hundi-ed and 
fifty dollars each, until the said Marianne shall have at- 
tained the age of twenty-one years, when the said annu- 
ity shall cease, and the said Marianne will receive the 
five hundred dollars given to her and other indented 
persons, according to clause XVI. of this will. 

6th. I give and bequeath to my late housekeeper, 
JIarv Kenton, an annuity, or yearly sum of Three Hun- 
dred Dollars, to be paid in half-yearly pa^-ments, in ad- 
vance, of one hundred and fifty dollars each, during her 
fife. 

7th. I give and bequeath to Mrs. Deborah Scott, sis- 
ter of Mary Kenton, and wife of Mr. Edwin T. Scott, an 
annuity, or yearly sum of Three Hundred Dollars, to be 
paid in half-yearly payments, in advance, of one hun- 
dred and fifty dollars each, dming her life. 

8th. I give and bequeath to Mrs Catharine M'Laren, 
sister of Mary Kenton, and wife of Mr. M. M'Laren, an 
annuity, or yearly sum of Three Hundred Dollars, to be 
paidin half-yearly payments, in advance, of one hundred 
and fifty dollars each, during her Ufe. 

9th. I give and bequeath to Mrs. Amelia G. Taylor, 
-wife of Mr. Richard M. Taylor, an annuity,oryearly sum 
of Three Hundred Dollars, to be paid in half-yearly pay^ 
ments, in advance, of one hundred and fifty dollars 
each, duiing her hfe. 

Estate I3r LocisiA:ri. 

XIX. All that part of my real and personal estate, 
near Washita, in the State of Louisana, the said real 
estate consisting of upwards of two hundred and eight 
thousand arpens, or acres of land, and including therein 
the settlement herein after mentioned, I give, devise, 
and bequeath, as follows, namely: 1. I give, devise and 
bequeath to the Corporation ofthe City ofNew Orleans, 
their successors and assigns, all that part of my real 
estate, constituting the settlement formed on my behalf 
by my particular friend. Judge Henry Bree, of Washita, 
consisting of upwards of one thousand arpens, or acres 
ofland, with the appurtenances and improvements there- 
on, and also all the personal estate thereto belonging, 
and thereon remaining, including upwards of thirty 



1832.] 



GIRARD'S WILL. 



11 



slaves now on said settlement, and tlieir increase, in ti-ust, 
however, and subject to the following reservations: 

I desire, that iiu part of the said estate or property, 
or the slaves thereon, or their increase, shall be disposed 
of or sold for tlie term of twenty years from and after my 
decease, should the said Judg-e Henry Bree survive me 
and live so long;, but that the said settlement shall be 
kcptup by the said Judge Henry Brec.forand during- said 
term of twenty years, as if it was his own; that is, it shall 
remain under his sole care and control, he shall improve 
the same by raising such produce as he may deem most 
advisable, and, after paying tiixes, and all expenses in 
keeping up the settlement, by clothing the slaves and 
otherwise, he shall have and enjoy for his own use all 
the nett profits of said settlement. Provided, hnwever, 
and I desire that the said Judge Henry Bree shall render 
annually to the Corporation of the City of New Orleans, 
a report of the st:ite of the settlement, the income and 
expenditure thereof, the nvimber and increase of the 
slaves, and the nett result of the whole. I desire that, 
at the expiration of the said term of twenty years, or on 
the decease of the said Judge Henry Dree, should he 
not live so long, the land and improvements forming 
-said settlement, the slaves thereon, or thereto belonging, 
and all other appurtenant personal property, shall be 
sold, as soon as the said Coiporation shall deem it advi- 
sable to do so, and the proceeds of the said sale or sales 
shall be applied by tlie said 'Corporation to such uses 
and purposes as tliey shall consider most likely to pro- 
mote the he.altli and the general prosperity of the inhab- 
itants of the City of New Orleans. But, until the s.aid 
sale shall be made, the said Corporation shall pay all 
taxes, prevent waste or intrusion, and so manage the 
said .settlement and the slaves,and their increase thereon, 
as to derive an income, and the said income shall be ap- 
phed from time to time, to the same uses and purposes 
for tlie health and general prosperity of the said inhab- 
itants. 

2. I give, devise, and bequeath to the M.ayor, Alder- 
men, and Citizens of Philadelphia, their successors and 
assigns, two undivided third parts of all tlie rest and resi- 
due of my said real estate, being the Lands unimproved 
ne.ar VV':ishita, in the said State of Louisiana, in trust, 
that, in common with the Corporation of the City of 
New Orleans, they shall pay tlie taxes on the said lands, 
and preserve them from waste or intrusion, for the term 
often years from and afier my decease, and at the end 
of the said term, when they shall deem it advisable to do 
so, j shall sell and dispose of tlieir interest in said lands 
gradually from time to time, and apply the proceeds of 
such sales to the same uses and purposes hereinafter de- 
clared and directed, of and concerning the residue of my 
personal estate. 

3. And I give, devise, and bequeath to the Corpora- 
tion of the City of New Orleans, their successors and 
assigns, the remaining one undivided third part of the 
said lands, in trust, in common with the Mayor, Alder- 
men and Citizens of Philadelphia, to pay the taxes on 
the said lands, and preserve them from waste and intru- 
sion, for the term often years from and after my decease, 
and, at the end of the said term when they shall deem 
it advisable to do so, to sell and dispose of their interest 
in said lands gradually from time to lime, and apply the 
proceeds of such sales to such uses and purposes as the 
said Corporation may consider most likely to promote 
the health and general prosperity of the inhabitants of 
the City of New Orleans. 

Fob tbe Educatiox of the Poon — BtarxsT to the 

MaTOB, AlUERME:?, StC. or PHILAnELPUIA. 

XX. And whereas, 1 have been for a long time im- 
pressed with the importance of educating the poor, and 
of placing them by the early cultivation of their minds 
and the developement of their moral principles above 
the many temptations, to which, through povertj' and 
ignorance they are exposed; and I am particularly desi- 
rous to provide for .such a number of poor male white 



orphan children, as can be trained in one institution, a 
better education, as well as a more comfortable main- 
tenance than they usually receive from the application 
of the public funds : And whereas, together with the 
object just adverted to, I have sincerely at heart the wel- 
fare of the City of Philadelphia, and, as a part of it, am 
desirous to improve the neighborhood of tlie river De- 
laware, so that the health of the citizens may be promo- 
ted and preserved, and that tlie eastern part of the city 
maybe made to correspond better with the interior: 
Now, Ido give,devise and bequeatli allihe residue and re- 
mainder of my Real and Personal Estate of every sort and 
kind wheresoever situate, (tlie real estate in Pennsylva- 
nia charged as aforesaid) unto "the Mayor, Aldermen 
and Citizens of Philadelphia," their successors and as- 
signs, intrust, to and for the several uses, intents, and 
purposes hereinafter mentioned and declared of and 
concerning the same, diat is to say : So far as regards 
my real estate in Pennsylvania, in trust, that no part 
thereof shall ever be sold or alienated by the said " The 
Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of Philadelphia," or their 
successorsjbut the s.ame shall for ever thereafter be let 
from time to time, to good tenants, at yearly, or other 
rents, and upon leases in possession not exceeding five 
years from tlie commencemont thereof, and that the 
rents, issues,aiul profits arising therefrom shall be applied 
towards keeping that part of the said real estate situ- 
ate in the city and liberties of Philadelphia constantly 
in good repair, ( parts elsewhere situate to be kept in re- 
pair by the tenants diereof respectively) and towards 
improving the same, whenever necessary, by erecting 
new buildings, and that the nett residue (after paj-ing 
the sevenU annuities herein before provided for) be ap- 
plied to the same uses and purposes as are herein declared 
of and concerning the residue of my personal estate: 
And so far as regards my real estate in Kentucky, now 
under the care of Messrs Triplett and Burmley, in trust, 
to sell and dispose of the same, w'hetiever it may be ex- 
pedient to do so, and to apply the proceeds of such sale 
to the same uses and purposes as are herein declared of 
concerning the residue of my personal estate. 

College ecu the EnrcATiON or the Poob. 

XXI. And so far as regards the residue of my person- 
al estate, in trust, as to Two Millions of Dollars, part 
thereof, to apply and expend so much of that sum as may 
be necessary — in erecting, as soon as practicable may 
be, in the centre of my square of ground between High 
andChesnut Streets, and Eleventh and Twelfth Streets, 
in the City of Philadelphia, (which square of ground I 
hereby devote for the purposes hereinafter stated, and 
for no other, for ever, ) a permanent college, with suita- 
ble out-buildings, sufficiently spacious for the residence 
and accommod.ation of at least three hundred scholars, 
and the requisite teachers and other persons necessary 

I in such an institution as I direct to be established: and 
in supplying the said college and out-buildings with de- 
cent and suitable furniture, as well as books and all 
things needful to earn," into cft'ect my general design.* 

The said college shall be constructed with the most 
durable materials, and in the most permanent manner, 
avoiding needless ornament, and attending chiefly to 
the strength, convenience, and neatness of the whole: 
It shall be at least one hundred and ten feet eaSt and 
west, and one hundred and sixty feet north and south, 

i and shall be built on lines parallel with High and Ches- 
nut Streets aid Eleventh and Twelfth Streets, provided 
those hnes shall constitute at their junction right an- 
gles: It shall be three stories in height, each story at 

I least fifteen feet high in the clear from the floor to the 

1 cornice: It shall be fire-proof inside and outside. The 
floors and the roof to be formed of solid maferial.s, on 
arches turned on proper centres, so that no wood may 
be used, except for doors, windows and shutters: Cel- 

I lars shall be made under tlie whole building, solely for 

• See Codicil, Peel Hall. 



12 



GIRARD'S WILL. 



[jASDiHr 



the purposes of the institution; the doors to them from 
the outside shall be on the east and west of the building; 
and access to tliem from the inside shall be had by steps, 
descending- to the cellar floor from each of the entries 
or halls liereinafter mentioned; and tlie inside cellar 
doors to open under the stairs on the nortli-east and 
north-west corners of the northern entry, and under the 
stairs on the soutli-east and south-west corners of the 
southern entry; there should be a cellar window under 
and in a line with each window in the first story — they 
should be built one half below, the other half above the 
sui'face of the ground, and the ground oiitside each win- 
dow should be supported by stout walls; tlie sashes 
should open inside, on hinges, like doors, and there 
should be strong iron bars outside each window; the 
windows inside and outside should not be less than four 
feet wide in the clear: There shall be in each story four 
rooms, each room rot less than fifty feet square in the 
clear; tlie four rooms on each floor to occupy the whole 
space east and west on such floor or story, and tlie mid- 
dle of the building north and south; so that in the north 



shall be laid; the outside and the inside walls shall 
then be caiTied up of tlie same thickness of two feet 
throughout, as high as ma}' be nccessaiy to begin in the 
recess intended to fix the centres for tlie third floor and 
landings; and, when so far cairied up. anotlier chain 
similar in all respects to that used at the second story, 
shall be in like manner worked into the walls throughout 
as tightly as possible, and clamped in thi; same way 
with equal care; centres shall be formed, the proper 
arches tui'ned, and the third floor and landings shall be 
laid: the outside and inside walls shall then be car- 
ried up, of the same thickness of two feet throughout, 
as high as may be necessary to begin the recess intend- 
ed to fix the centres for the roof; and, when so carried 
up, a thh'd chain, in all respects like those used at the 
second and third stories, shall in the manner before de- 
scribed, be worked as tightly as possible into the walls 
thi'oughout, and shall be clamped with equal care; cen- 
tres shall now be fixed in the manner best adapted for 
the roof, which is to form the ceiling for the third story, 
the proper arches shall be turned, and the roof shall be 



of the building, and in the south thereof, there may re- laid as nearly horizontally as may be, consistently with 

main a space of equal dimensions, for an entry or hall tlie easy passage of water to the e.aves: the outside walls 

in each, for st;urs and landings : In the north-east and still of the thickness of two feet throughout, shall then 

in the nortli-west corners of the northern enU-y or hall be carried up about two feet above the level of the 

on the first floor, stairs shall be made so as to form a platform, and shall have marble capping, with a strong 



double stair-case, which shaU be carried up through the 
several stories; and, in like manner, in the south-east 
and south-west corners of the southern entry or hall. 



id neat iron railing thereon: The outside wails shall be 
faced with slabs or blocks of marble or granite, not less 
than two feet thick, .and fastened together with clamps 



stairs shall be made, on tlie first floor, so as to form a , securely sunk therein, — they shall be carried up flush 
double stair-case, to be carried up tlirough the several from the recess of one foot formed at the first floor 
stories; the steps of the stairs to be made of smooth where the foundation outside wall is reduced to two 
■white marble, with plain square edges, each step not i feet: The floors and landings as well as the roof shall 
to exceed nine inches in the rise, nor to be less than ten ! be covered with marble slabs, securely laid in mortar; 
inches in the tread; the outside and inside foundation j the slabs on the roof to be twice as thick as those on 
■walls shall be at least ten feet high in the clear from the 1 the floors. In constructing the walls, as well as in 
ground to the ceiling; the first floor shall be at least , turning the arches, and laying the floors, landings, and 
three feet above the level of the ground around the j roof, good and strong mortar and grout, shall be used, 
building, after that ground shall have been so regulated j so that no cavity whatever may any where remain. A 
as that there shall be a gradual descent from the centre ! furnace or furnaces for the generation of heated air 
to the sides of the square formed by High and Chesnut, I shall be placed in the cellar, and the heated air sh.all be 
and Eleventh and Twelfth Streets: all the outside fo.un- ' introduced in adequate quantity wherever wanted by 
dation walls, forming the cellars, shall be three feet six means of pipes and flues inserted and made for the pur- 
inches thick up to the first floor, or as high as may be J pose in the walls, and as those walls shall be con- 
necessary to fix the centres for the first floor; and the j structed. In case it shall be found expedient for the 
inside foundation wall, running north and south, and i purposes of a library, or otherwise, to increase the num- 
the three inside foundation walls running east and west ber of rooms, by dividing any of those directed to be 
(intended to receive the ijiterior walls for the four i not less than fifty feet square in the clear, into parts, 
rooms, each not less than fifty feet square in the clear, the partition wall's to be of solid materials. A room 
above mentioned,) shall be three feet thick up to the j most suitable for the purpose, shall be set apart for the 
first floor, or as high as may be necessary to fix the | reception, and preservation of nij' books and papers, 
centres for the first floor when carried so far up, the out- ! and I direct that tliey sliall be placed there by my exe- 
side walls shall be reduced to two feet in thickness, cutors, and carefully preserved therein. There shall be 
leaving a recess outside of one foot, and inside, of six i two principle doors of entrance into the college, one 
inches — and when carried so far up, the inside founda- into the entry or hall on the first floor, in the north of 
tion walls shall also be reduced, six inches on each side, ' the building, and in the centi-e between the east and 
to the thickness of two feet; centres shaU then be fixed \ west walls; the other into the entry or hall in the south 
on the various recesses of six inches throughout,left for 
the purpose, the proper arches shall be turned, and the 



first floor laid; the outside and the inside walls sliall 
then be earned up of the thickness of two feet through- 
out, as high as may be necessary to begin the recess in- 
tended to fix the centres for the second floor, that is, 
the floor for the four rooms, eacli not less than fifty feet 
square in tlie clear, and for the landing in tlie north, 
and the lauding in the south of the building, where the 
stairs are to go up — at this stage of the work, a chain, 
composed of bars of inch square iron, each bar about 
ten feet long, and linked together by hooks formed of 
the ends of the bars, shaU be laid straightly and horizon- 
tally along the several walls, and shall be as tightly as 
possible worked into the centre of themthroughout,and 
shall be secured wherever necessary, especially at all 
the angles, by iron clamps soHdly fastened, so as to pre- 
vent cracking or swerving in any part; centres shall 
then be laid, the proper arches turned for the second 



of the buildiuET, and in the centre between the east and 
west walls; the dimensions to be determined by a due 
regard to the size of the entire building, to that of the 
entry, and to the purposes of the doors. The necessity 
for, as well as the position and size of, other doors, in- 
ternal or external, and also the position and size of the 
windows, to be, in like manner, decided on by a con- 
sideration of the uses to which the building is to be apr 
plied, the size of the building itself, and of the several 
rooms, and of the advantages of light and air: there 
should in each instance be double doors, those opening 
into the rooms to be what are termed glass dooi-s, so as 
to increase the quantity of light for each room, and 
those opening outward to be of substantial wood worlf 
well lined and secured; the windows of the second and 
third stories I recommend to be made in the style of 
those in the first and second stories of my present 
dwelling house, North Water Street, on the eastern 
fi ont thereof; and outside each window I recommend 



floor itnd landings, and the second floor and landings | that a substantial and neat iron balcony be placed suflR.^ 



1832.1 



GIRARD'S WILL. 



13 



cienlly wide, to admit the opening' of the shutters competent authority, shall have given, by indenture, 
against the walls; the windows of the lower story to | relinquishment, or otherwise, adequate power to the 
be in the same style except th:it they are not to descend Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of Philadelphia, or to 
to the floor, but so far as the surbase, up to which ihc ! directors, or others by them appointed, to enforce, in 



wall is to be carried, as is the case in the lower stoiy of 
my house at my place in Passyunk Township. In mi- 
nute particulars, not here noticed, utility and good taste 
should determine. There should be at least four out- 
buildings, detaclied from the main edifice and from each 
other, and in such positions as shall at once answer the 
purposes of the institution, and be consistent with the 
symmetry of the whole establishment: each building 
should be, as far as practicable, devoted to a distinct 
pui-pose; in that one or more of those buildings, in 
which they may be most useful, I direct my executors 
to place my plate and furniture of every sort. 

The entire square, formed by High and Chesnut 
Streets, and Eleventh and Twelfth Sti-eets, shall be en- 
closed with a solid wall, at least fourteen inches thick, 
and ten feet high, capped with marble and guarded with 



relation to each orphan, every proper restraint, and to 
prevent relatives or others from interfering with, or 
withdrawing such orphan from the institution. 

6. Those orphans, for whose admission application 
shall first be made, shall be first introduced, all other 
things concurring — and at all future times, priority of 
application shall entitle the applicant to preference in 
admission, all other tilings concurring; but if there shall 
be at any time, more applicants than vacancies, and the 
applying orphans shall have been born in different 
places, a prcfisrence shall be given — -JirsI, to orphans 
born in the city of Philadelphia; secondly, to those bom 
in any other part of Pennsylvania; thirdlii, to those born 
in the city of New York (that being the first port on the 
continent of North America at which I arrived;) and 
lastly, to those born in the city of New Orleans, being 



irons on the top, so as to prevent persons from getting j"^^ ^i^' port o" the said continent at which I first 

over; there shall be two places of entrance into the - ^ ''•''■'■ ' .- .« 

square, one in the centre of the wall facing High Street, 

and tlie other in the centre of the wall facing Chesnut 

Street; at each place of entrance there shall be two 

gates, one opening inward, and the other outward; 

those opening inward to be of iron, and in the style of 

the gates north and south of my Banking house; and 

those opening outward to be of substantial wood work 

well lined and secured on the faces thereof with sheet 

iron. The messuages now erected on the south-e.ist 

x:orner of High and Twelfth Streets, and on Twelfth 

Street to be taken down and removed as soon as the 

.college and out-buildings shall have been erected, so 

that the establishment may be rendered secure and 

private. 

When the college and appurtenances shall have been 
constructed, and supplied with plain and suitable furni- 
ture and books, philosophical and experimental instru- 
ments and apparatus, and all other m;itters needful to 
carry my general design into execution; the income, 
issues and profits of so much of tlie said sum of two 
millions of dollars as sh.-dl remain unexpended, shall be 
applied to maintain the said college according to my 
directions. 

PllOTISlOSS HESPECTISG THZ CoLLEGi:. 

1. The institution shall be organized as soon as prac- 
ticable, and to accomplish that purpose more effectuallv, 
due public notice of tlie intended opening of the col- 
lege shall be given — so that there may be an opportu- 
nity to make selections of competent instructors, and 
other agents, and those who may have the charge of 
orphans, may be aware of tlie provisions intended for 
them. 

2. A competent number of instructors, teachers, as- 
Bistants, and other necessary agents, shall be selected, 
and when needful, their places from time to time sup- 
phed: they shall receive adequate compensation for 
their services: but no person shall be employed, who 
shall not be of tried skill in his or her proper depart- 
ment, of established moral character, and in all cases 
persons shall be chosen on account of their merit, and 
not through favour or intrigue. 

3. As many poor white male orphans, between the 
ages of six and ten ye.ars, as the said income shall be 
adequate to maintain, shall be introduced into the col- 
lege as soon as possible; and from time to time as there 
may be vacancies, or as increased abihty from income 
may warnuit, others shall be introduced. 

4. On tlve application for admission, an accurate 
statement should be taken in a book prepared for the 
purpose, of the name, birthplace, age, health, condition, 
as to relatives, and other particujars useful to be known 
of each orphan. 

5. No orphan should be admitted until the guardians 
«r directors of the poor, or a proper guardian or other 



traded, in the first instance as first ofl^cer, and subse- 
quently as master and part owner of a vessel and cargo. 

7. The orphans admitted into the college, shall be 
there fed with plain but wholesome food, clothed with 
plain but decent apparel, (no distinctive dress ever to 
be worn) and lodged in a plain but safe manner; Due 
regard shall be paid to their he.alth, and to this end their 
persons and clothes shall be kept clean, and they shall 
have suitable and nit-onal exercise and recreation; 
They shall be instructed in the various branches of a 
soundeducation, comprehending reading, writing, gram- 
mar, arithmetic, geography, navigation, surveying, 
practical mathematics, astronomy, natural, chemical, 
and experimental philosophy, the French and Spanish 
languages, (I do not forbid, but I do not recommend 
the Greek and Latin languages) — and such other learn- 
ing and science as the capacities of the several scholars 
may merit or warrant; I would have them taught facts 
and things, rather than words or signs: And, especially, 
I desire, that by every proper means a pure attach- 
ment to our republican institutions, and to the sacred 
rights of conscience, as guaranteed by our h.ippy con- 
stitutions, shall be formed and fostered in the minds of 
the scholars. 

8. Should it unfortunately happen, that any of the 
orphans admitted into the college, shall, from mal-con- 
duct, have become unfit companions for the rest, and 
mild means of reformation prove abortive, they should 
no longer rem.ain therein. 

9. Those scholars, who shall merit it, shall remain in 
the college until they shall respectively arrive at be- 
tween fourteen and eighteen years of age; they shall then 
be bound out by the Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of 
Philadelphia, or under their direction, to suitable occu- 
pations, as those of agriculture, navigation, arts, me- 
chanical trades, and manufactures, according to the 
capacities and acquirements of the scholars respectively, 
consulting, as far as pnidence shall justify it, the inclina- 
tions of the several scholars, as to the occupation, art, 
or trade, to be learned 

In relation to the organization of the college and its 
appendages, I leave, necessarily, many details to the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of Philadelphia, and 
their successors; and I do so, with the more confidence, 
as, from the nature of my bequests and the benefit to 
result from them, I trust that my fellow citizens of 
Philadelphia, will obsen'C and evince especial care and 
anxiety in selecting membei-s for their city councils, and 
other agents. 

There are, however, .some restrictions, which I con- 
sider it my duty to prescribe, and to be, amongst 
others, conditions on which my bequest for said col- 
lege is made and to be enjoyed, namely :_/Sr»/, I enjoin 
and require, that, if, at the close of any year, the in- 
come of the fund devoted to tlie purposes of the said 
college shall be more than snfficient for the mainte- 



11 



GIKARD'S WILL. 



jANUAnr 



nance of the institution during- that year, then the ba- 
lance of the said income, after defraying' such mainte- 
nance, shall be forthwith invested in good securities, 
thereafter to be and remain a part of the capiUil; but, 
in no event, shall any part of the said capital be sold, 
disposed of, or pledged, to meet the current ex[ienses 
of the said institution, to which I devote the interest, 
income, and dividends thereof, exclusively: Second/y, I 
enjoin and require that ho ecclesiastic, missionary, or 
minister of any sect tuhatsnecer, shall ever hold or exercise 
any station or duty whatever in the said college; nor shall 
any such person ever be admitted for any purpose, or us a 
visiter within the premises appropriated to the purposes 
of the said college.- — In making this restriction, I do not 
mean to cast any reflection upon any sect or pei-son 
whatsoever; but, as there is such a multitude of sects, 
and such a diversity of opinion amongst them, I desire 
to keep the tender minds of the orphans, who are to 
derive advantage from this bequest, free from the ex- 
citement, whicli clashing doctrines and sectarian con- 
troversy are so apt to produce; my desire is, that all the 
instructors a' id teachers in the college shall take pains 
to instil into the minds of the scholars, the purest prin- 
ciples of morality, so that, on their entrance into active 
life, they may ^rom inclination and habit evince benevo- 
lence towards ilieir ftlhito creatures and a love of truth, so- 
briety and industry, adopting at the same time such re- 
ligious tenets as their nioiured reason may enable them 
to prefer. — If the income, arising from that part of the 
said sum of two million of dollars, remaining after the 
construction and furnishing of the college and out- 
buildings, shall, owing to the increase of the number of 
orphans applying for admission, or other cause, be in- 
adequate to the construction of new buildings, or the 
maintenance and education of as many orphans as may- 
apply for admission, then such further sum as may be 
necessary for the construction of new buildings, and the 
maintenance and education of such further number of 
orphans as can be maintained and instructed within such 
buildings as the said sq\iare of ground shall be adequate 
to, shall be taken from the final residuary fund here- 
inafter expressly referred to <or the purpose, compre- 
hending the income of my real estate in the city and 
county of Philadelphia, and the diridends of my stock 
in the Schuylkill Navigation Company; my design and 
desire being, that the benefits of said institution 
shall be extended to as great a number of orphans as 
the limits of the said square and buildings therein can 
accommodate. 

IjIPEOVEMEirrS ON TBE DEI-iWiHE. 

XXII. And as to the further sum of Five Hundred 
Thousand Dollars, part of the residue of my personal 
estate, in trust, to invest the same secui-ely, and to 
keep the same so invested, and to apply the income j 
thereof exclusively to the following purposes: that is! 
to say — j 

1 : To lay out, regulate, curb, light and pave a pas- j 
sage or street, on the east part of the city of Philadel- 
phia, fronting the river Delaware, not less than twenty- 
one feet wide, and to be called ZJf/iiitiare Avenue, ex- 
tending from South or Cedar Street, all along the east 
part of Water Street squares, and the west side of the I 
logs, which form the heads of the docks, or thereabouts; 
and to this intent to obtain such Acts of Assembly, and 
to make such purchases or agreements, as will enable | 
the Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of Philadelphia to [ 
remove or pull down all the buildings, fences and ob- | 
sti-uctions which may be in the way, and to prohibit all j 
buildings, fences, or erections of any kind to the east- 
ward of said Avenue; to fill up the heads of such of the j 
docks as mav not afford sufficient room for the said | 
street; to compel the ownei-s of wharves to keep them ( 
clean and covered completely with gravel or other hard 
materials, and to be so levelled that water will not re- 
main thereon after a shower of rain; to completely clean 
and keep clean all the docks within the limits of the 



city, fronting on the Delaware; and to pull down all 
platforms carried out, from the east part of the city over 
the river Delaware on pilesTar pillars. 

Removal of Woodex Bdildijtgs. 

2. To pull down and remove all wooden buildings, 
as well those made of wood and other combustible ma- 
terials, as those called brick-paned, or frame buildings 
filled in with bricks, that are erected within the limits 
of the city of Philadelphia, and also to prohibit the 
erection of any such building, within the said city's lim- 
its at any future time. 

Widening Wateb Street. 

3. To regulate, widen, pave and curb Water Street, 
and to distribute the Schuylkill water therein upon the 
following plan, that is to say — that Water Street be wi- 
dened east and west from Vine Street all the way to 
South Street, in like manner as it is from the front of 
mydwelling to tlie front of my stores on the w-est side 
of Water Street, and the regulation of the curb-stones 
continuedat the ^ame distance from one another, as they 
are at present opposite to the said dwelling and stores, 
so that the regulation of the said street be not less than 
thirty-nine feet wide, and afford a large and convenient 
footway, clear of obstructions and incumbrances of 
every nature, and the cellar doors on which, if any 
shall be permitted, not to extend from the buildings on 
to the footway more than four feet; the said width to 
be increased gradually, as the fund shall permit, and as 
the capacity to remove impediments shall increase, until 
there shall be a correct and permanent regulation of 
AVater Street, on the principles above stated, so that it 
may run north and south as straight as possible. That 
the ten feet middle Alley, belonging to the public, and 
running from the centre of the east squares to Front 
Street all the way down across Water Street to the 
river Delaware, be kept open and cleaned as city prop- 
erty, all the way from Vine to South Street; that such 
part of each centre or middle Alley as runs from Front 
to Water Sti-eet, be arched over with bricks or stone, in 
so sti-ong a manner as to facilitate the building of plain 
and permanent stone steps and plat-forms, so that they 
may be washed and kept constantly clean; and that the 
continuance of the said Alleys,from the east side of Wa- 
ter Sti-eet be curbed all the way to the river Delaware, 
and kept open for ever. (I understand that those mid- 
dle or centi-e Alleys, were left open in the first plan of 
the lots, on the east front of the city, which were grant- 
ed from the east side of Front Street to the river Dela- 
ware, and that each lot on said east front has contribut- 
ed to make those Alleys by giving a part of their gi-ound 
in proportion to the size of each lot; those Alleys were 
in the first instance, and still are, considered public pro- 
perty, intended for the cnnvenience of the inhabitants 
residing in Front Streetto go down to the river for wa- 
ter and other purposes; but, owing to neglect or to some 
other cause, on the part of those who have had the care 
of the citv property, several encroachments have been 
made on tiiem by individuals, by wholly occupying, or 
building over them, or otherwise, and in that wa_v the 
inhabitants, more particularly tliose who reside in the 
neighbourhood, are deprived of the benefit of that 
wholesome air, which their opening and cleansing 
throughout would afford.) That the iron pipes, in Wa- 
ter Street, which, by being of smaller size than those in 
the other streets, and too near the surface of the ground, 
cause constant leaks, particularly in the winter season, 
which in many places render the street impassable, be 
taken up and replaced by pipes of the same size, qual- 
ity and dimensions in every respect, and laid down as 
deeply from the surface of the ground, as the u-on pipes, 
which are laid in the main streets of the city; and as it 
respects pumps for Schuylkill water and fire-plugs in 
Water Street, that one "of each be fixed at the south- 
west corner of Vine and Water Streets, and so running 
southward, one of each near the steps of the centre 



1832 •] 



.GIRARD'S WILL. 



15 



Alley, going: "P to Front Street; One of each at the 
south-west corner of S.issafrus and Water Streets, one 
of each near the steps of the centre Alley going' up to 
Front Street, and so on at every south-west corner of all 
the main streets and Water Street, and of the centre 
Alleys of every square, as far as South or Cedar Street; 
and when the same shall have been completed, that all 
Water Street shall he repaved by the best workmen, 
in the most com|)lcte manner, with the best paving wa- 
ter-stones, after tlie height of the curb-stones shall have 
been regulated throughout, as well as the ascent and 
descent of the street, in such manner as to conduct the 
water tlirough the main streets and the Centre Alleys 
to the river Delaware, as far as practicable; and when- 
ever any part of the street shall want to be raised, to use 
nothing but good paving gravel for that purpose, so as 
to make the paving as permanent as possible. By all 
which improvements, it is my intention to' place and 
m intiin the section of tiie city above referred to, in a 
condition which will correspond better with the general 
cleanhness and appearance of the whole citv, and be 
more consistent with the safety, health and comfort of 
the citizens. And my mind and will are, that all the in- 
come, interest, and dividends of the said capital sum of 
five hundred thousanddo'lars, shall be yearly, and every 
ye.ar, expended upon the said objects, in the order in 
which I have stated tliem as closely as possible, and 
upon no other objects until those enumerated shall have 
been attained; and, when those objects shall have been 
accomplished, J authorize and direct the said The M;iy- 
or, Aldermen, and Citizens, to apply such part of the 
income of the said capital sum of five hundred thousand 
doliars,asthey may think proper to the further improve- 
ment, from time to time, of the eastern or Delaware 
front of the city. 

Be«,DEST to the St.VTE of PES.fSTLVAKIl, 

XXIII. I give and bequeath to the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania, the sum of Thrct Hundred Thousand 
Dnllara, (or the purpose of internal improvement by canal 
navigation, to be paid into the SUite treasury by my 
executors, as soon as such laws shall have been'cnacted 
by the constituted authorities of the said Common- 
wealth as shall be necessary, and amply sufficient to 
carry into efl'ect, or to enable the constituted author- 
ities of the city of Philadelphia, to carry into effect tlie 
several improvements above specified; namely, 

LiWS to BE E^IACTEn. 

1 . Laws, to cause Delaware Avenue, as above de- 
scribed, to be made, paved, curbed, and lighted; to 
cause the buildings, fences, and other obstructions now 
existing to be abated and removed; and to prohibit the 
creation of any such obstructions to the eastward of said 
Delaware Avenue; 2- Laivn, to cause all wooden build- 
ings as above described to be removed, and to prohibit 
their future erection within the limits of the city of Phil- 
adelphia; 3. Law.'', providing for the gradual widening, 
regulating, paving, and curbing Water Street, as heiein 
before described, and also for the repairing the middle 
alleys, and introducing the Schuylkill w.ater,and pumps, 
as before specified — all which objects may, I persuade 
myself, be accomplished on principles at once just in 
relation to individuals, and highly beneficial to the pub- 
lic: the said sum, however, not to be paid, unless said 
laws be p.assed within one year after my decease. 

XXIV And as it regards llie remainder of said residue 
of my personal estate in trust, to invest the same in 
gaod securities, and in Ike mann;r to invest the inter- 
terest and income thereof from time to time, so that the 
whole shall form a permanent fund; and to apply the 
income of the said fund, 

1st. To the further improvement and maintenance of 
the aforesaid College, as directed in the last paragraph 
of the XXIst clause of this Will: 

2d. To enable the Corporation of the City of Phila- 
delphia to provide more eflfectually than they now do, 
for the seturity of the -persons and property'of the in- 



hahitants of the said City, by a competent police, in- 
cluding a sufficient number of watchmen, really suited 
to the purpose; and to this end, I recommend a division 
of the City, into w:itch districts, or four parts, each un- 
der a proper head, and that, at least two watchmen 
shall, in e;ich round or stition, patrole together. 

3d. To enable the said Corporation to improve the 
City property, and the general appearance of the City 
itself, antl, in effect, to diminish the burden of tax.ation, 
now most 0])pressive, especially on those who are the 
least able to bear it: — 

To all which objects, the prosperity of the City, and 
the health and comfort of its inhabitants, I devote the 
said fund as aforesaid, and direct the income thereof to 
be appl ed yearly and every year for ever.after providing 
for the College as hereinbefore directed, as my prima- 
ry object But, if the s;iid City shall knowingly and 
wilfiilly violate any of the conditions hereinbefore and 
hereinafter mentioned, then I give and bequeath the 
said remainder and accumulations to the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania, for the purposes of internal naviga. 
tion; excepting, however, the rents, issues, and profits 
of my real estite in the City and County of Phihadel- 
phia, which sh.all for ever be reserved and applied to 
maintain the aforesaid College, in the manner specified 
in the last paragraph of the XXIst clause of this Will: 
And if the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania shall fail to 
apply this or the preceding bequest to the purposes be- 
fore mentioned, or sh.all apply any part thereof to any 
other use, or shall, for the term of one year, from the 
time of my decease, fail or omit to p.ass the laws herein- 
before specified for promoting the improvement of the 
City of Philadelphia, then I give, devise and bequeath 
the said rem>ainder and accunudations (the rents afore- 
said always excepted and reserved for the College as 
aforesaid) to the United States of America, for the pur- 
poses of internal navigation, and no other. 

CoSniTIOSS OF THE BEftUEST TO THE CiTT. 

Provided, nevertheless, and I do hereby declare, that 
all the preceding bequests and devises of the residue of 
my estate to the M:iyor, Aldermen, and Citizens of 
Philadelphia, arc made upon the following expresscon- 
ditions, th.at is to sny -.—Firsl, That none of the monies, 
principal, interest, dividends, or rents, arising from the 
said residuary devise and bequest, sh.all at any time be 
applied to any other purpose or purposes whatever, 
than those [herein mentioned and appointed:— &con(/. 
That separate accounts, distinct from the other ac- 
counts of the Corpor.'itlon, shall be kept by the said 
Corporation, concerning the said devise, bequest. Col- 
lege, and funds: and of the investment and application 
thereof; and that a separate account or accounts of the 
s.ame shall be kept in b.ank, not blended with any otlier 
account, so that it may .at all times appear on 'exami- 
nation by a committee of the Legislature as herein- 
:ifter mentioned, that my intentions had been fully 
complied \v\th:—T/iird, fh:it the said Corporation ren- 
der a detailed account annually, in duplicate, to the 
Legislature of the Commonwe:'ilth of Pennsylvania, at 
the commencement of the session, one copy for the 
Senate, and the other for the House of Representatives, 
concerning the said devised and bequeathed estate, and 
the investment and application of the same, and .also a 
report in like manner of the state of the said college, 
and shall submit all their books, papers, and accounts 
touching the same, to a committee or committees of 
the Legislature for examination, when the same shall b» 
requirs'd. 

Fourth, the said Corporation shall also cause to be 
published in the month of .lanuarv, annually, in two or 
more newspapers printed in theCity of Philadelphia, 
a concise but plain account of the state of the trusts, 
devises and bequests herein declared and m;ide, com- 
prehcnding the condition of the said college, the num- 
ber of scholars, anil other particidars needful to be 
publicly known, for tlie year next preceding the said 
month of January, annuallv. 



16 



GIRARD'S WILL. 



[Jakuast 



Bakk establishment. 

XXV. And, whereas I have executed an assig-nment, 
intrust, of my banking estabhshment, to take effect the 
day before my decease, to the intent that all the con- 
cerns thereof may be closed by themselves, without be- 
ing blended witli the concerns of my general estate, 
and the balance remaining to be paid over to my execu- 
tors: Now, I do hereby direct my executors, herein- 
after mentioned, not to interfere with the said trust in 
anv way except to see that the same is faithfully execut- 
ed, and to aid the execution thereof by all such acts 
and deeds as may be necessary and expedient to effec- 
tuate the same, so that it may be speedily closed, and 
the balance paid over to my executors, to go, as in my 
Will, into the residue of my estate: And I do hereby 
authorize, direct, and empower the said trustees, from 
time to time, as the capital of the said bank shall be re- 
ceived, and shall not be wanted for the discharge of the 
debts due thereat, to invest the same in good securities 
in the names of my executors, and to hand ovei- the 
same to them, to be disposed of according to this mj- 
Will. 

XXVI. Lastly, I do hereby nominate and appoint 
Timothy Paxson, Thomas P. Cope, Joseph Roberts, 
William J. Duane, and John A. Barclay, executors of 
this my last Will and Testament: I recommend to them 
to close tlie concerns of my estate as expeditiously as 
possible, and to see that my intentions in respect to the 
residue of my estite are and shall be strictly complied 
with: and I do hereby revoke all other Wills by me 
heretofore made. 

In witness, I, the said Stephen Girard, have to this 
my last Will and Testament, contained in thirty-five 
pages, set my hand .at the bottom of each page, and my 
hand and seal at the bottom of this page; the said AVill 
executed, from motives of prudence, in duplicate this 
sixteenth day of February, in the year one thousand 
eight hundred and thirty. 

STEPHEN GIRARD. [Seal.] 
Signed, sealed, published, and declared" 
by the said Stephen Girard, .is and To 
his last Will and Te.stament, in thf 
presence of us, who have at his re- 1 
quest hereunto subscribed our names 
as witnesses thereto, in the presence 
of the said Testator, and of each other. 
Feb. 16, 1830. 

JOHN H. IRWIN, 
S.\MUEL ARTHUR, 
S. H. CARPE.NTER. 
Codicils. 
WHERE.VS, I, Stephen Girard, the Testator named 
in the foregoing AVill .and Testament, dated the six- 
teenth dav of February, eighteen hundred and thirty, 
have, since the execution thereof, purch.ased several 
parcels and pieces of real estate, and have built sundry 
Messuages all which, as well as any real estate 1 hat I may 
hereafter purchase, it is my wish and intention to pass 
by the said Will; Now, I do hereby republish the fore- 
going last Will and Testament, dated Febru.ary 16, IS.SO, 
and do confirm the same in all particulars: In witness, 
I, the said Stephen Girard, set my hand and seal here- 
unto, the twenty-fifth d:>y of December, eighteen hun- 
dred and thirtv. 

STEPHEN GIRARD. [.%a/.] 
Signed, sealed, published, and declared" 
by the said Stephen Girard, as and for 
a re-publication of his last Will and 
Testament, in the presence ofus, who, 
at his request, have hereunto subscrib- 
ed our names as Witnesses thereto in 
the presence of the said Testator and 
of each other. December 25th. 1830.J 

JOHN H. IRWIN, 
Si^MUEL ARTHUR, 
JNO. THOMSON. 
Pr.EL Hall. 
WHEREAS, I, Stephen Girard, the Testator named 
in the foifegoing Will and Testament, dated February 



16, 1830, have, since the execution thereof, purchased 
several parcels and pieces of land and real estate, and 
have built sundry Messuages, all which, as well as any 
real estate that I may hereafter purchase, it is my in- 
tention to pass by said Will; And whereas in particular, 
I have recently purchased from Mr. William Parker, 
the Mansion House, out-buildings, and forty-five acres 
and some perches of land, called Peel Hall, on the 
Ridge Road, in Penn Township: Now, I declare it to 
be my intention, and I direct, that the Orphan establish- 
ment, provided for in my said Will, instead of being 
built as tlierein directed upon my square of ground be- 
tween High and Chesnut, and Eleventh and Twelfth 
Streets in the City of Ph ladelphi.a, shall be built upon 
tile estate so purchased from Mr. W. Parker, and I 
hereby devote the said estate to that purpose, exclusive- 
ly, in the same manner as I h.ad devoted the said square, 
hereby directing that all the improvements and arrange- 
ments for the said Orphan establishment prescribed by 
my said AVill as to said square shall be made and ex- 
ecuted upon the said estate, just as if I had in my AVill 
devoted the said estate to said purpose — consequently, 
the said square of ground is to constitute, and I declare 
it to be a part of the residue and remainder of my real 
and personal estate, and given and devised for the same 
uses and purposes as are declared in section twenty, of 
my Will, it being my intention that the said square of 
ground shall be built upon and improved in such a man- 
ner as to secure a safe and permanent income for the 
purposes stated in said twentieth section. In witness 
whereof, I, the said Stephen Girard, set my hand and 
seal hereunto, the twentietli day of June, eighteen hun- 
dred and thu-ty-one. 

STEPHEN GIRARD. [Seat] 
Signed, sealed, published, and declared,") 

by the said Stephen Girard, as and for j 

a rc-publication of his last AVill and ) 

Testament, and a further direction in j 

relation to the real estate therein men- ( 

tioned, in the presence of us, who, at f 

his request, have hereunto subscribed 

our names as witnesses thereto, in the 

presence of the said Testator, and of 

each other, June 20, 1831. 

S. H. CARPENTER, 
L. BARDIN, 
SAMUEL ARTIRTR. 

Philadelphia, December 31st, 1831, — Then person- 
ally appeared Samuel Arthur,and S. H. Carpenter, two of 
the witnesses to the foregoingAVill and the second Codicil 
or republication thereof, and on their oaths did say that 
they were present, and did see and hear Stephen Gi- 
rard the testator in the said AVill and second republica- 
tion thereof named, sign, seal, pubhsh and declare the 
same as and for his last AVill ami Testament, and re- 
publication thereof, and that at the doing thereof, he 
was of sound mind, memory and understanding, to the 
best of their knowledge and belief; and at the same 
time appeared Jno. Thomson, one of the witnesses to 
the first republication of said Will, and on his solemn 
affirmation did say that he was present, and did see and 
hear Stephen Girard, the testator in the first rcpubhca- 
tion of said AVill, named, sign, seal, publish, and declare 
the same as and for a repubhcation of his last AVill and 
Testament. And the said Samuel Arthur, another of 
the witnessess to said first republication of said V\ ill,- 
on his oath did further say, that he was present, and did 
see and hear Stephen Girard, the testator in the first 
republication of said AVill, named, sign, seal, publish 
and declare the same as and for a republication of his 
last Will andTestament,and they both did say thatat the 
doing thereof, he was of sound mind, memory and un- 
derstanding, to the best of their knowledge and belief. 
Coram, J. HUMES, Register. 

December 31, 1831. — Timothy Paxson, and Thomas' 
P. Cope, two of the Executors, affirmed, and Joseph 
Roberts, William J. Duane, and John A. Barclay, the 
other Executors, sworn, and letters testamentary granted 
unto them. 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DEVOTED TO THE P KESEBVATION OF EVER^ KIND OP USEFUL INPOnMATlON IIESPECTIMO THE STATE. 



EDITED BY SA3IUE1, HAZAKD. 



VOL. lX.-i\0. 2. PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY 14, 1831. NO 211. 



Statistics of West Chester. 

We are much obliged to "W. D." for the following' 
statistical article — it is just such a collection of facts 
as we should be glad to receive from every town and 
portion of the State. It is therefore respectfully re- 
commended to the imitation of all, who may have it in 
their power, to furnish facts of the same kind; which, 
in time, would prove an exti-emely valuable amount of 
information. 

For the Register of Pennsylvania^ 
The recent Triennial Assessment suggested the idea, 
and afforded some of the requisite data, to present a 
brief Statistical view of the Borough of West-Chester. 
The following sketch, is believed to be tolerably ac- 
curate; and as its preservation, in the Register, may 
serve to gratify the curiosity of those who, may, here- 
after, take an interest in noting the growth and im- 
provement of the Borough, it is respectfully submitted 
for that purpose. AV. D. 

December 26th, 1831. 

WEST-CaESTEn, AT THE CLOSE OF 1831. 

The town of West-Chesteiv Pennsylvania, is situated 
on the dividing ridge, between the waters of Chester 
Creek and the Brandywine, two miles east of the latter 
stream, five miles soutli of the great Limestone Valley, 
and twenty-three miles west of Philadelphia. It be- 
came the scat of Justice of Chester County, in the 
year 1786; and was erected into a Borough, in the year 
1799. The boundaries of the Borough embrace a tract, 
about one mile and a quarter square; which tract was 
taken wholly out of the township of Goshen, having 
the township line of East-Bradford for its western limit. 

In tlie year 1800, the inhabitants amounted to 374 

1810, " « 471 

" 1820, ' " " 552 

<• 1830, " « - 1252 

At present, Dec. 1831, the population is about 1500 

The number of Citizens entitled to vote, about 250 

The original plan of the Town consisted of four con- 
tiguous squ;ires, with two principal streets, crossing in 
the centre. In 1829, several streets were opened and 
new squares formed, on the south-western side of the 
primitive squares, by William Everhart, Esq. 

The DwELLiSG Houses amount to 234 in number; 
of which about 200 .ire in the Village, and the residue 
on the adjacent farms. 

The Assessed Valdi of the Borough, in December, 
1831, is as follows: — 

Vol. IX. 5 



i LisDs, including eleven small farms, with town 

lots, $167,618 

BtiLDixcs, subjected to taxation, - - 167,974 

HonsEs, 118 in number, - - - 4,070 

Cows, and working oxen, 124 in number, 1,860 

Occupations and professions, taxed, - 59,800 

Total. $402,222 

Stocks, Bonds, Mortgages, &c, yielding divi- 
dends, or interest, - - - 530,287 

Aggregate amount of property, &c. taxed, $932,509 

The number of Taxable inhabitants, is 

Mules, 1297, 

Females, 32 

Total, 325 

Of the m.ale taxables, seven are bla^s — being hoU5e» 

keepers. 

The Public Buildiitgs in the Borough, are 
Court House and Prison, commenced building 

in the year - . . . 1784T 

Suspended during the year - - 17H5 C 

Finished in the year - - - 17863 

Offices of Clerks, Register and Recordeii, built 1791, 
Market Houses, utd one, in the rear of the pub- 
lic offices, built .... 1802 
New one, 100 feet long, in Market st., erected 1831 
Academy, built and incorporated, 1812 
Roman Catholic Chapel, built 1793 
Methodist Episcopal Church, built 1816 
Two Quaker Meeting Houses, one built 1812 
The other, in 1830 

The I.vsTiTUTioNS, of a Public character, are 
Post office, established in the year 1802 

Bank of Chester County, cliartered 1814 

Library founded 1814 

Cabinet of Natural Science, founded 1826? 

I ncorpotated 1 83 1 5 

Athenxum, founded and incorporated 182J' 

Female Boarding School, established 1830 

Six day schools, of various grades, and dates. 
Two Fire Companies, one established in the year 1800 
The other in 1818 
One Volunteer Corps of Infantrj', formed 1830 

Four weekly Newspapers, viz. 
American Republican, commenced at Dovning- 

town, . - - . 1808? 

Transferred to West-Chester 1822 $ 

Village Record, commenced 1809 

National Republican Advocate, commenced 1828 

Anti-Masonic Register and Examiner, commenced M39 



18 



'WTLLIAMSPORT AND ELMIRA RAIL-ROAD. 



Amon- the Occupations, and Establishments, in the I Lycomm^, submitted the followiiig Report and Reso- 
° lutions. 



Borough, may be enumerated the following': — 



5 Male*! eachers, 
8 Female do. 
2 Clergymen, 
1 President Judge, 
20 Attorney's at Law, 

1 Conveyancer, 

2 Notaries, 

5 Justices of the peace, 
4 Physicians, 
2 Apotliecaries, 
4 Confectioners, 

1 Brewery, 

2 Bakers, 

2 Butchers, 



8 Tailors, 

6 Boot and shoemakers, 

2 Hatters, 

3 Saddlers, 

2 Coach-makei-s, 
2 AVlieel-wrights, 

4 Black-smi'-hs, 

2 Copper do. Si tinplaters, 
1 Silver plater, 

1 Gun-smith, 

1 Lock-smith, 

3 Cabinet-makers, 

2 Chair-makers, 
2 Cedar coopers. 



15 Stores, of dry goods, gro- 5 Masons & brick-layers, 
ceries an-l hard ware, 2 Plasterers, 
8 Taverns, and a ninth, a 7 Carpenters, 

splendid new Hotel, 3 Painters, glaziers &paper 



nearly finished, 
2 Oyster and beer houses, 
1 Tobacconst, 
1 Potterj-, 

1 Tunnery, 

2 Currying shops, 
4 Printing offices. 



hangers, 
S Watch-makers, 
2 Weavers, 
2 Brick-yards, and a third, 

just without the borough 

limits, 
2 Lumber & coal yards. 



The Side Waiks, or foot ways of the Streets, were 
first paved with bricks, in the year 1S23. The two 
principal streets were McAdumized, in the years 1829 

and 18j0. I we to refer to this true'standard of tlve utihty of rail- 

One diiily line of Mail Stages passes through the bo- 1 roads, we could show you that in England t expensive 
rough, between Phdadelphia and Lancaster. One iri 



In submitting to your notice a propos.al embracing so 
various, important, and durable interests, as seem to be 
involved in tliat having in view the construction of a 
rail-road, to run from Williamsport to Elmira in the 
state ofN. York, your committee have reason to con- 
gratulate you, in that tlie prejudices, with wh ch men, 
even of the most correct judgment, have, almost uni- 
formly, met those expedients of enlightened minds — 
which were new, indeed, and dependent, fo. the illus- 
tration of their practical utility, upon the deductions of 
science, and the theoretical doctrines of the originators; 
have, in this enlightened age and country, been dissipa- 
ted; particularly with regard to the utilty of turnpike 
roads, canals and rail-roads, by their operation and evi- 
dent results; 'and, that in recommending this road to 
your entire approbation, we are therefore enabled to 
"address you without entering Into a discussion of those 
elementary principles which tend to prove that, as the 
bridle road of tlie pack horse is superior to the foot 
path formed for the accommodation of savage hfe, so 
our highways afford greater accommodation to civilized 
man, in his social intercourse, than such bridle roads; 
or, that, as our turnpikes are better calculated to afford 
accommodation to an agricultural people than the natu- 
ral roads of our country, so our canals are superior, in 
every way, for promoting the interests of every class of 
society, to any turnpike road; or, that the canals of our 
country are Inferior in such accommodation, to that 
which would be yielded by a rail-road, located upon 
such ground as may be selected for tills under our im- 
mediate notice. 

It may be unnecessary, also, to repeat here the well 
known test by which the benefit, yielded to the country 
by all such improvements, is most accurately determin- 
ed; we mean the price of stocks in those markets which 
are located in the vicinltv of the Improvements. Were 



weekly mall stage line passes the same way, between 
Philadelphia and Baltimore; and two daily lines of 
stages run between AVest-Chester and Philadelphia. 
The mail is also carried on horse-back, daily, between 
West-Chester and Downlngtown; and weekly, be- 
tween West-Chester and Wilmington, Elkton, Chester 
and Norristown, 

A Rail-Road, (commenced in Jlay last, and now- 
more than half completed,) is in progress, from West- 
Chester to the Pennsylvania Rail way; by which, as 
soon as finished, the borough will enjoy all the facilities 
of communication, whichthat important improvement is 
calculated to afford, with the trade of the Delaware, the 
Schuylk 11, and the Susquehanna. 

N. B. The principal Seminaries, botli for girls, and 
young men, in the borough of West-Chester, ai-e now 
in "the full tide of successful operation;" and eminent- 
ly deserving of the pati-onage they receive. 



WILLIAMSPORT AND ELJCRA RAIL-ROAD. 

At an adjourned meeting of many of the citizens of 
Lycoming county, held in the court house on the even- 
ing of the ethinst. the committee, upon whom had de- 
volved the duty, in pursuance of the object of their ap- 
pointment, of preparing and presenting a repoit on the 
prospects of connecting the Chemung and Penxsylva- 
NiA CASALS by a RAIL-ROAD, to run from Ehnlra in 
the state of New York, to WilUamsport in the county of 



as the construction of their roads has been, from the 
cost of land, the amount of damages, mode of construc- 
tion, and other causes combined, which cannot exist 
here) the price of tlieir stocks, in several instances, has 
more than doubled since the roads have been in success- 
ful operation. 

Y'our committee again have cause to congratidate 
you, in that it is unnecessary, at tills da}', to go into an 
elaborate disquisition to prove the gre.it Importance to 
the country generally, of prosecuting in every practica- 
ble mode, such means of intercourse as will extend, in- 
vigorate and perpetuate our commercial relations; par- 
ticularly as those relations tend to unite, by tics of in- 
terest, as well as by those of kindness and urbanity, the 
citizens of our united and sister states. We feel gratified 
In being able to say, that these results, as necessary con- 
sequences of this, and every other great", noble, and 
very beneficial improvement is fullj- appreciated; and 
that our fellow-citizens are now satisfied, that, in extend- 
ing rail-roads and canals to every practicable point 
where the trade of the country, or the prospective re- 
stdting benefits will afford at all, in their estimation, the 
means of remuneration to the stock-holder, they will 
each aid, in its measure, to promote the intercourse and 
harmony of the states; the equalization of wealth, and of 
population; the security of our civil, political and reli- 
gious liberties; an addition to tliereal value of our pro* 
perty; an equalization among the different sections of 
om* country, of the cost of those supphes which are es- 
sential to every family— together with many others re- 
sulting local and general benefits, which the present 
state of information in our countiy, has, doubtless ren- 
dered fiimiliar with all. 

It will therefore be necessary to descend to some de- 
tail witli regai-d to this particular road; for, unless it can 
be demonsti-ated that from its consti-uction, will result 



1832.] 



WILLIAMSPORT AND ELMIRA RAIL-KOAD. 



19 



benefits to society at large, and, as a necessary conse- 
quence, liberally reniimerate the stockholder for his in- 
vestment, the attempt to proceed should be arrested, 
and no man be desired to aid, by pecuniary advances, 
that purpose which would only reduce liis means, and 
be of real disservice to the community. 

\n the first place, then, the nature of the ground is 
such that we question much whether any location, run- 
nini^to tile same extent from the margin of our rivers 
can be found in which so few obstructions are present- 
ed. About one third of the distance has been already 
passed over with a level, canied by an experienced and 
practical man, (Mr. Wilson,) and the ascent found to be 
not equal to one half of •,iiat which may be overcome by 
a. Locomotive engine without difficulty, viz: 22 feet per 
mile. And, it is presumed, the remaing two thirds, pre- 
sent ground equally favoral)le, with exceptions at one 
or two points, at whicli, even, it is not supposed that 
stationary power will be requirtd. 

Stone and timber for constructing the road, it is known 
to all, are every where in abundance along the line; and 
almost witliout cost, in their rude state, to a company 
forming the road. 

Your committee feel themselves justified in presenting 
to your view, the most flattering prospects in regard to 
the amount of tonnage wliich would, at once, be placed 
upon this road were it completed. It may be demonstrat- 
ed that one tliousand fiirms will not yield on an average, 
annually, as much tonnage for transportation on a rail- 
road, as one coal mine; the farms being of the same size 
and quality, as those on our West Branch — which we all 
know are not deficient in either. Then, oUU bushels of 
wheat is more than an average annual yield for each 
farm, beyond the consumption of the f;*rmer and his 
sales at home, to place upon a rail road to be transported 
to a foreign market. These 300 bushels, in wheat, will 
weigh about 7i tons; in flour about 5^ tons; the average 
is6i; IOj farms at6J tons each, will thus yield 6,500 tons; 
but asingle coal mine, in which 12 m ners are employed, 
will yield more than 7,000 tons; and. that there are many 
veins of coal along the route of the contemplated road, 
no one doubts; several being already known. 

What, then, is it probable, will be the demand for 
coal, so as to require a large transportation of tliis mi- 
neral upon this road' 

In answer, we reply that our blast furnaces consume 
from 60i) to 1000 busliels of wood coal per day; which 
would perhaps equal .a consumption of 1,500 tons of 
stone co:d, in coke per annum. Tliere are, then, sever- 
al blast furnaces in the state of New York, so located, 
that the use of their wood coal being abandoned for that 
of our stone coal, furnished at the price it may be upon 
the conipletion of this road, will, perhaps, be found to 
residt in the benefit of their owners. 

In addition to this source of demand, almost every 
village in the stale of New York h:is its iron foundry; 
the use of coal in which, in the form of coke, would be 
found materially to promote the interest of the proprie- 
tors. Indeed, it is now known to be a profitable trade 
to haul, in the winter season on sleds, our Bituminous 
coal to that st;ite, and bring a returTi load of Plaster. 
Again, every blacksmith's shop will furnish a continued 
consumption for our coal; and thus stead ly promote the 
interest.3 of the stockholder in this road. It is a well 
known fact, that, at present. Anthracite coal, with all 
the expenses attendant upon the (^resent mode of con- 
veyance, is taken into the 9t;itc of New York, at least .as 
far as Geneva, to be u.sed in smelting iron, (p'g metal) 
in their foundries. How soon, then, would tliat coal 
be abandoned for such purpose, could a supply of coke, 
from our Bituminous coal be furnished them; not only 
as it could be h;ul fiir less than half the price per bush- 
el, bi^, because in place of burning, and thus imparting 
a brittle, rotton quality to the iron subjected to the ac- 
tion of the Anthracite, the coke would soften, render 
tough, and of far superior quality tlie metal smelted by 
it. 



Again, as our Bituminous coal, so far as yet discover- 
ed, is solid in its texture, and free from disagreeable 
smell, would it not be used as a substitute generally for 
fuel in private families.' As it has been in many instan- 
ces with us; its low price, and perfect fitness for the 
purpose, recommending it for many miles along the N. 
York canals. 

The salt works also, in the state of New York have, 
some of them, as we have understood, been abandoned 
for want of fuel; here then we have anotlier extensive 
demand for our coal. 

Taking these objects into view, together with many 
others that might be enumerated, such as the use of coal 
in distilleries, breweries. Sic. &c. would it be exagger- 
ating to sav, that coal alone would in its transportation 
return an adequate ren>uneration to the stockholders in 
this road.' part.cularly as we know that many proprietors 
of mines in this country and in Europe have been, them- 
selves, at the solo expense of consti-ucting rad-roads to 
them, and have found it a profitable expenditure. 

However, pei-mit us to extend our views a little far- 
ther. The pig metal of Pennsylvania is known to be 
equal in quality to any other in the United States, (the 
Scotch metal is superior, being made with coke,) for 
casting into stoves, hollow ware, machinery for mills, 
factories, he. and large quantities of it are annually 
hauled to the state of New York, along the superlative- 
ly wretched road leading from this place to Klmira. To 
what amount, then, the demand for this article would 
arise, upon so gi'eat a diminution in its cost occiuring, 
as would necessarily follow so great a difl^erence in the 
reduced cost of its transportation, your committee are 
at a loss to sav; but believe it would :dso furnish a very 
material article in the list of tonnage canied upon tlie 
road. 

Bar iron, large quantities of which are at present, 
taken f,-om this state to that of New York, by the same 
wav, and mode of conveyance as before described, 
would also furnish no inconsiderable item among those 
articles which would yield an advantageous return to 
the rail-road company. And as a means of accommo- 
dation for the transpo'rt.ation of merchandize gem rally, 
including the heavy ;uticles of Mackarel, Shad,Herrings, 
Sec. to supply a great extent of country northward of us, 
this road will doubtless be extensively used. 

Permit us now tcfinquire what inducements we can 
present to you, as fui'nished by the nortlrern extremity 
of tlie road. 

We would first, tlien, draw your attention to those 
impiovcments by rail-roads which arc either in progress, 
or contemplated, between this and Phihdelphia, and 
the intervening spaces and distances, wliich we fully be- 
lieve, will, before many years shall have elapsed, be fill- 
ed up. The rail-road from Sunbiu-y to I'ottsviUe is now 
in train for constmction; tlie stock ha^jbeen taken,anda 
resolution of the holdci-s passed, requiring its commence- 
ment; this part of the ro.ad is 45 miles in length- The 
citizens of Reading are turning tlieir attention seriously, 
to the construction of a rail-road fiom their l)orough to 
Philadelphia; and which they will, doubtless, shr)rtly 
efl'ect; this road will be about 55 miles long. Here, 
then, we have 100 miles of rail-road between Sunl)ury 
and Philadelphia; the whole distance being 130, leaves 
but 30 to be completed. IVe have what will, we pre- 
sume be a good canal from Williamsport to Sunbui-y 
(4) miles) but which distance, should our contemplated 
rail-road be completed, will, no doubt, very soon be 
also Ral-raiidizal. Thus with 70 additional miles, from 
Elmira to Philadelphia, wc shall have an unlirokcn com- 
munication, by rail-road, from tliat point (Elmira) to 
Philadelphia. And who will venture to say that tlie 
road from Sunburv shall stop at Pottsville.' or, should 
ours be constructed, tliat it shall terminate short of Sun- 
bun' 

Then, witli this project in view, we have a great por- 
tion of the trade of tlie western part of the state of New 
Yorkf of the inland seas stretching from the falU of Nia- 



u 



WlfaLrAMSPORT AND ELMIKA RAlL-KOAti. 



[jAnjABi 



gara, to the lake of the AVoods; and, of that extent of 
empire, which reaches from the St. Lawrence on tlie 
east, to the Rocky Mountains on the west. 

The grounds upon which your committee have arri- 
ved at this conclusion, are these: The pUin principles 
upon which the utility of all improvements, similar to 
that we now have under our notice, are advocated, are 
in our favor, viz: h'me and dislance. The trade of the 
almost boundless country to which we have referred, is 
now the property of the city of New York, without a 
rival; but, connect Elmira with VViUiamsport, Sunbury, 
Pottsville, Reading' and Philadelphia, and the distance 
thus from Montezuma — which is at the confluence of 
the Elmira and Seneca lake, (Chemung-) and the Erie 
canals — to Philadelphia, will be about 3 18 m.les; where- 
as from Montezuma, by the Erie canal and North river 
to New York, is 360 miles; thus making- a difference, in 
our favor, of 42 miles, in point of dis.ance. But ',60 
miles of our 318 being- Rail-road, the gain in point of 
time, will be immense. The distance by i-ail-road (£60 
miles) may be passed in less than one day, at a rate of 
speed not exceeding- 12 miles an hour — which it is -well 1 
known is lessthan one-third of that at which Locomotive ! 
engines have travelled — whereas Montezuma being 200 
miles from Albany, by canal, that distance alone, would 
require from 6 to 8 days to pass it. 

However, should no connection by Rail-road ever be 
effected between XS'illianispbrt and Sunbury, or between 
Pottsville and Heading, we shall not lose an advantage 
either in time or dii/ancf. 

But casting- away all such calculations of increased 
trade from the north, let us see what inducements are ; 
offered to construct this road, by the trade from tliat 
quarter, a portion of which now seeks an outlet this 1 
■wav for a market. j 

't'he article of Plaster or Gypsum, which is furnished i 
so abundantly at the mines, in the state of New York, 
would form no inconsiderable one on the list. We be 
lieve that this, as well as all other heavy articles now 
sent from the western part of the state of New York, j 
either by land conveyance down Lvcoming creek (tlie 1 
contemplated route for this road,) or by water down the ' 
Tioga and Susquehanna rivers, would be transported 
along this road, for these manifest reasons. The dis- 
tance from Elmira to Sunburv- by the river, and North 
Branch canal, is 170 miles; and by the rail-road to Wil- 
liamsport, and thence by canal^ to Sunbury will be but 
about 115 miles, making the \ast comparellve difference 
of 55 miles. And, as the rail-road may be passed, at a 
very moderate calculation, at the rate 'of 12 miles per 
hour, this will require 6^ hours on it, and, say 2 days on 
the canal; whereas, by the Tioga and Susquehanna ri- 
vers and canal — all risks from dams, &c. being inclusive 
— the time consumed in arriving at the same point 
(Sunbury) would not be less, perhaps, than 8 days; 
thus making a difference, in point oi limt — and conse- 
quently of expense also — of about 5 or 6 days. 

We then find that the plaster, salt, pot and pearl ash- 
es, wheat, flour, clover-seed, flax-seed, beef and pork, 
&c. afforded by a very extensive and wealthy agricul- 
tural district, will, by the unfaihng inducements of eco- 
nomy in time, and expense, and also, by those of conve- 
nience and profit, be led into this channel in seeking a 
market, in preference to the comparatively, very cir- 
cu'tous, and expensive courses they have hitherto ta- 
ken. 

It is notorious that the timber and lumber trade, 
has become an object of much greater interest, within 
a few years, than it was, which must, mainly, be attri- 
buted to its scarcity along the navig-able streams. This 
road, then, would open a country of, perhaps, not less 
than 4 or 500 square miles — 8 or 9 wide, by 60 long- 
in extent, abounding with Pine, Oak. and other valua- 
ble forest trees, to this very useful, and to tlie road, and 
country, profitable trade. 

In England, Rail-road waggons have been construct- 
ed, and JD use for some time, calctdated to transport 



sheep and swine in them to a distant market. And 
there also, are preparing wagons for the ti'ansportation 
of horned cattle. Here, then, will be an article of no 
trifling amount, in point of tonnage; and of much great, 
er in point of benefit, to the western part of the state of 
New York. By pos-ess':ng this mode of conveyance, 
graziers may prepare their cattle at hum for the knife 
of the butcher, and the table of the epicure; which they 
are now unable to do because of the distance from mar- 
ket, and consequent fatigue of the animal, before 
reaching the place of its destination. Let us then ac- 
commodate Broad horn -ivith a wagon to ride in, and 
save him the accustomed travel, on foot, of from 6 to 10 
days; and also the pain of crippled feet; or, perhaps 
death from eating laurel, or wandering astray in the 
mountains. 

In the transportation of live stock upon this'Rail-road, 
perhaps as much as in any other particular, the city of 
rhiladclphia, and indeed the inhabitants of the interme- 
diate towns, would be benefited. Pasturage, and coarse 
grains being low, in the western part of the state of New 
York, and the cost of taking cattle, sheep, and swine to 
market very much reduced, the price of beef, mutton^ 
and pork must experience a corresponding reduction. 
And, that our road could be used for transporting live 
stock upon, cannot be questioned. N\ ho would drive 
an ox, a sheep, or a hog to market, to remain 6 days on 
the way, at the expense of 5 or 6 dollars when, for 50 
cents, or less, the owner and his animal, may be trans- 
ported the same distance in 6 or 7 hours.' 

The convejance of passengers, also, upon all Rail- 
roads yet constructed, for general purposes, has been a 
very material source of remunei'ation to the stockhold- 
ei-s." And, when we take into view, that this road will 
foi-m a great connecting link between the eastern and 
middle, and several of the western states, as the present 
natural road — on its designated location — does; the re- 
venue to be derived from this source, must be presum- 
ed to be vei-y considerable. 

Again, the contemplated route of this road was, in 
part, that selected during the last war, upon which the 
line of express mails between Washington, Buffalo, 
Sacket's Harbor, &c. was established; and also, that by 
which many detachments of the United States' troops 
then passed, with all tlieir military equipage, to the Ca- 
nada frontier, this route being the most direct possible, 
from Washington to the Canadas. May not the United 
States' authorities be, therefore, induced to use this 
road in the conveyance of their troops, their cannon, 
and other military equipments and supphes.' 

A vei-y great inducement, again, in the estimation of 
your committee, for the construction of this road, should 
be, the encouragement that will be thereby given to 
the erection of iron works along the line of it; such as 
furnaces, forges, rolling and slitting mill.s, nail factories, 
and all other establishments for the manufacture of iron; 
as steam engines, chain cables, anchors, machinery for 
mills and factories, and other heavy articles, a first ob- 
ject in encouraging the establishment of which is, an 
abundance of the article used in the manufacture, at a 
low rate; and a second, and indispensable one is, a 
cheap, and expeditious mode of conveyance to market. 
It is notorious that the manufacture of iron, in Eng- 
land, at so low a cost as to pay a considerable duty, and 
bear the heavy expense of transportation to this coun- 
try, and yet be afforded here at a less price, than we 
can make it, does not so much depend upon the lower 
rates of wages there than here, — for we have in some 
m.easure an equivalent for that in the cheaper mode of 
subsistence — as it does in this, tliat the English furnaces 
are erected almost in contact with their Bituminous 
coal mines; and their ore is found, often, in alternate 
strata with their coal; so that one single laborer will ef- 
fect as much in one day, towards furnish'ng ore, and fu- 
el, for a fiirnace, in such a location, as four or five men 
can in the process we pursue, of chopping timber, 
cording, hauling, stacking, coaling, and then hau]in(^ 



1832.] 



SCHUYLKILL NA\1GATI0N COMPAIs-V. 



21 



again; andin striping^, drifting', or s'nkin^shaftsand mi- 
ning the ore; and let it be observed, also, that horses, 
wagons, and their attendant great expenses, are, at 
the English furnaces, forges, &c. comparatively almost 
entirely dispensed with. Now there are, at this mo- 
ment several beds of iron ore, apparently extensive, 
known near to the route of this road; and at some of 
them, coal is located almost in contact with the ore. It 
is, moreover, notorious, that, in many places throughout 
the whole range of the Allegheny mountains — through 
which, entire, this road is designated to pass — iron ore 
is scattered profusely upon the surface of the ground; 
but, it is also well known, that little search, by boring, 
or digging has yet been made for it. 

1 hen the carrying of this road, and of all similar ones 
through, or into the region of the Allegheny, svill not only 
induce the erection of such ir.m establishments as require 
a cheap conveyance for the r manufactured articles, and 
thus yield an adequate return for the sums invested by 
the stockholders, but, will have the eft'ect of increasing 
the numerous products of agricidture by the markets 
thus furnished for them; and moreover, w ill do more to 
bring our iron establishments into fair competition with 
those of England, than an)' protecting duties can effect; 
and thus, indeed, be of n.itional advantige. 

Manufactories of various other kincLn, we cannot 
doubt, will also be established along the line of this 
road. We have hitherto been accustomed to locate 
those requiring great power to put them in operation, 
just where a location, furnishing such power, may be 
had; submitting to many unpleasant disadvantages, 
otherwise attendant upon such location. This will not 
be the case where fuel can lie procured at a cheap rate; 
and when the superior advantages, and power of ma- 
chinery propelled by steam, become generally and 
properly understood. Location, in EngL.nd, is .select- 
ed with a view to the advantage yielded by sun-ounding 
circumstances; and, ///erf, machinerj' is put in opera- 
tion on a hill, or in a valley, as the interests of the pro- 
prietor may require. Factories, tlien, using a heavv 
raw material, and sending off packages of considerable 
bulk, and weight, will be established, doubtless, along 
this line; for, to many such, a distance of 20, 30, or 40 
miles, which may be possessed in 2, 3, or 4 hours, and 
at a small expense, will be no object; particularly where 
counterbalanced by many, and superior advant:iges. 

In conchision we find that, in England, where the rail- 
road system has been more extensively tested than any 
where else, an act of Parliament has recently been p:iss- 
ed authorizing the bed of a canal located in one of the 
most wealthy, populous and manuficturing districts in 
that countr)' to be converted into a I'ail road. There- 
fore, with this very satisf:ictoiy additional proof of tlie 
utility of these roads; and under the verv flattering 
prospect of entire satisfaction to the stockholders, we 
take pleasure in offering for your approval the follow- 
ing resolutions. 

Hesolved, That we esteem, and highly approve the 
wisdom, spirit and energy with which the citizens of 
Elmira, in the state of New York, have origin.atcil, and 
are pursuing to completion, the plan of connecting the 
Grand canal, of the state of New York — through that 
branch of it called the Chemung canal — with the West 
Branch Pennsylvania canal — by means of a rail road at 
WiUiamsport. 

Resolved, That a committee be now appointed to 
correspondent with one at Elmira; to draft petitions, 
similar to theirs; procure sign;itures, and present them 
to the legislature of Pennsylvania, desiring that body 
to pass an act authorizing the incorporation of a com- 
pany to earn.' into effect the object of this meeting. 

The gentleman appointed in accordance with tlje 
requisition of the second resolution, were .lames Arm- 
strong, James Ilepbvnn, .lacob Grafiiis, John H. Cow- 
den, Henry .Sproul, Robert Allen, Samuel Humes, A. 
V. Parsons and John K. Hays. 

On motion, it was further resolved, that the report 



presented to the committee be accepted, and ordered 
to be printed in the d.fferent papers of this county. 

J. n ANTHONY, Chairman. 

WM. WILSON, Assist. Chairman. 
JiMXs AnMsmos 
Robert Flemi 



nosG, 2 
use, S 



Secretaries. 



llEPnnT OF THE PnZSIDEST AND MiSAOInS Ot 

THE SCHUYLKILL NAVIGAI ION COMPANY, 

To Ihe Stockholders of the Schuylkill Navigation Com- 
pany. 

According to their usual custom, the President and 
Managers present their Annual Keport to the Stock- 
holders. 

The early arrival of the winter, sooner by several 
weeks than has been experienced for many years past, 
put a stop to tlie receipt of tolls, which would other- 
wise have increased those of the year just ended, to an 
amount, equal at least to those oftheprececdlng one, and 
also lessened the supply of coal by 15,000 or 2U,000 
tons, for which a ready market would have been 
found in addition to what has come down; the late pe- 
riod, too, of commencing the coal ti-ade, had a serious 
effect upon the Company's income. 

At the c"bmmenccment of 1831, a very large quantity 
of coal was on hand from the business of the preceding 
year; the dealers, not anticipating the prodigious in- 
crease which has t;iken place in its consumption, were 
discouraged from again trying the market until a late 
period in the season, when a very active demand for 
coal satisfied them, that their industry would be fully 
rewarded. 

The prospects for the present year, the Board have 
the pleasure to say, are of the most encouraging kind. 
The consumption of coal in 1831 has nearly doubled 
that of 1830, and bids fair to go on in an increased ratio; 
the following statement will show the contrast between 
the two yeai-s, and it will be seen from it that the 
Schuylkill coal has found a full degree of fuvoiu- in the 
public estimation. 

In the year 1830 the coal sent to market from the 
Schuylkill mines amounted to 

Tons. 
89,984 
Of which it is estimated there w.as on 
hand when the trade recommenc- 
ed in 1831, 20,000 



Showing the consumption to be 
Duringthesame yearthe Lehigh sent 

down and had on hand from 1829, 42,790 
And there was remaining in 1831, 10,572 



Making the consumption of 1830, 

The Lackawanna produced in 1830, 43,000 

Of which there remained, at the end 

of the year, 30,000 



Showing a consumption of 



69,984 



32,218 



13,000 

Making a total consumption in 1830 of 115,202 

In 1831, the Pchuylkill conveyed to 

market, ' 81,854 

And there was on hand, as before 

mentioned, 20,000 

Making the total consumption (none 

maining) 101,854 

The Lehigh sent 41,085 

And there was on hand from 1830, 10,572 



Making, as none remained. 



51,657 



22 



SCHUVLIOLL NAVIGATION COMPANY. 



[Jasuabt 



54,000 
30,000 



The Lackawanna introduced 
And there was on hand 

Making together, 

And it is estimated there is on hand, 

Showing the consumption to be 



Andmakingthe total consumption in 1831, 226,511 

Being an increase in 18.31, of 111,309 tons, and show- 
ing the consumption in tliat year to be nearly double 
that of 1830. 

It is reasonable to suppose that the increase in 1832, 
will be at least as great as that of the preced'ng year, 
and that the demand for the current year will be nearly 
350,000 tons, of which it is believed the Schuylkill will 
be required to supply its full proportion. 

The public spirit and enterprize of many of our fel- 
low citizens, have afforded fiicilities for a supply of coal 
bv means of numerous Rail-roads, terminating at points 
upon our navigation, which will be beneficially felt in 
the current and future years. Among these may be 
named the Little Schuylkill R.ail-road, extending from 
Port Clinton to Tamaqua, - - 22 miles. 

The M est Br.inch or Schuylkill Haven, 15 " 

Mount Carbon, - - - 8 " 

Schuvlkill Valley, - - - 11 '■ 

MiU Creek, ... 3 « 

In addition to these roads, the Board have the plea- 
sure to state that the important work alluded to in their 
last Report as in contemplation, (the Rail-road from 
Pottsville to Danville and Sunbury) has been commenc- 
ed, and from tlie subscription obtained there can be no 
doubt will be completed at no very distant period of 
time, thus adding another link to the chain of business 
gradually extending to our works. 

The remaining branches of the Company's revenue, 
arising from sources other than the ti-ansportation of 
coal, will be found quite equal to the ex]Dectations de- 
rived from former experience. The extension of the 
works of the state will every day increase the income 
by throwing into our navigation a portion of their trade. 

The works which were in progress at the date of the 
last Report have since been nearly completed and put 
into operation, excepting the locks at the Duncan Canal 
outlet, which were delayed by the high state of the water 
all the last season, preventing the excavation of the 
lowerlockpit and the channel below it to the river, and 
excepting also the locks at the mountain. Botli, how- 
ever, are now nearly finished, and it is expected tliey 
will be in operation by the 1st of May next. The 
new locks at Althouse's and Mohr's on the Hamburg 
Canal, it is believed wiU be in operation by the same 
time. 

The Weigh lock at Schuylkill Haven has been 
found to be of very gre.at advantage, and the new 
Pail-road on the Little Schuylkill, the outlet of which 
is at Port Clinton, will render necessary, also, a weigh- 
lock at the Kernsville Canal. Measures have been 
taken to erect one during the present winter, contracts 
have been already made for th.at purpose. 

In carrying into effect the provisions of the agree- 
ment mentioned in the last year's report respectimj 
the Norristown dam, it was found that the terms of 
a perpetual lease of water for a mill upon the canal, 
interfered with the conditions of that a_gi-eement, and 
the mill being offered for sale by the sheriff, it was 
deemed best to purchase it in order thus to avoid the 
difficulties that were threatened. The property, after 
securing fully the privileges necessary for the Com- 
pany, is now leased at a fair rent and will shortly 
be offered for sale. 

A constant recurrence of the derangements to the 
trade upon the Reading Canal and consequent losses 
to the Company alluded to in the last report, as 
caused by the treacherous nature of the limestone 



formation over which it passes, (rendered more alarm- 
ing by the decay of the sleepers and planking upon 
which reliance had been placed) required the Board 
seriously to consider, whetlier the time had not ar- 
rived for a change of locat on. 

The necessity for this consideration was more fully 
demonstrated by an examination of the four combined 
locks in Reading, which were found to be effected by 
the same cause that had produced so much trouble and 
anxiety about the canal. It would have been obviously 
unwise to attempt to erect another set of locks alongside 
of them upon so bad a foundation, and yet it was mani- 
fest that some additional facility there, for the ta-ade, would 
be very soon required 

The Board under these circumstances, after much se- 
rious deliberation, came to the unan'mous conclusion, 
that it was necessary to resort to the location referred to 
in their last report, and sanctioned by the opinion of the 
Stockholders attlieir last annual meeting. 

Having determined upon their course, in conformity 
with the wishes of the Stockholders, it was proper that 
as little time as possible should be lost, in carrying into 
effect so vital an improvement. Mr. George Duncan, a 
gentleman long and advantageously known by his ser- 
vices to the Company, was therefore engaged to superin- 
tend the work, part of which has been put under con- 
tract, and other parts are in progress under his direct 
management. It is hoped and believed that the work 
will be completed by the 1st of November next. 

An estim.ate of the sum required to meet this extraor- 
dinary expenditure, and defray the expenses of other im- 
provements now in progress, is herewith submitted It 
is suggested that the money should be ra sed by loan, 
the former loan authorized by the Stockholders on the 
third of .January last having been obtained on very favor- 
able terms, that is to say — 

$150,000, at 4| per cent. 
50,000, 5 do. 
payiible on the 1st of January, 1850. 

The holders of that part of the Company's six per 
cent, loan, who had the right of converting the same in- 
to the Company's stock previous to the 15th of Novem- 
ber last, h.ave all availed themselves of that privilege, 
and have accordingly converted 
$18(1,000 of the loan of 9th August, 1824; and 

53,250 do. 20th October, 1823. 

It has never yet happened that the navigation has been 
suspended by the want of water, although in some of 
the very dry seasons, within a few years past, a consi- 
derable deficiency hasbeen experienced near the head of 
the works during two or three months in the fall. Ap- 
prehensions have been felt by many persons, largely con- 
cerned in the trade, that with the increase of business, 
increased embarrassment would be likely to arise frora 
this cause, injuriously alike to the Company, and to those 
having occasion to use this channel of conveyance. 

Repeated communications have therefore been made 
to the Board, urging very strongly the necessity of an 
eai'ly provision by reservoirs for supplying swch occa- 
sional deficiencies. The Board have been fully aware 
of the importance of anticipating, and as far as possible 
preventing, an evil of so much consequence. Af\er de- 
liberate reflection and examination. Tumbling Run Val- 
ley was considered the proper and indeed the only suit- 
able place for a Reservoir near the head of the f'om- 
pany's works, .and an opportunity being offered of pur- 
chasing the ground necessary for the purpose, which 
might be for ever lost by delay, the Board determined to 
secure by piu'chase such a quantity of the land as with 
what was already owned by the Company extends about 
two miles up the Valley. They have thus obtained tlie 
command of positions for several Reservoirs of sufficient 
capacity, to contain a supply of water, more than ade- 
qu.ate to meet any deficiency by droughts in the sum- 
mer and fall. The quantity of land secured is upwards 
of 600 acres, which cost $U,300. 

It has been determined to erect one dam immediately. 



1832.] 



SCHUYLKILL NAVIGATION COMPANY. 



23 



near to the outlet of the Run into the Schuylkill. It will extended, in a ratio somewhat accelerated by the check 
be made chiefly of eartli, at a comparatively small ex- it has received, and that the income of the Company 



will grow in the same proportion. 
By order of the Board. 

JOSKPH S. LEWIS, President. 
Office nftlie Schut/lkill Niivii:iiliiin Company, 
Fhiludelphia,Jumtary 2, 18J2. 



pense; othei-s will be erected as occ;ision may require. 
The construction of tlic one already determined upon, 
has been placed under the care of Mr. Duncan. It w.ll 
be finished so as to be made available if necessary during- 
tlie ensuing' summer. 

The following statements will further exhibit the busi- 
ness of tile Company for the past year, and the President 
and M.inagers beg to refer to them as part of tlicir re- 
port viz: 

The quantity of coal shipped from Mount Carbon, I capital Stock, 
Schuylk.U Haven, and other places on the Schuylkill, ; Capital of Loans converted, 
in 1831, including 2460 tons from the Union Canal, was | permanent I,oans, 



Tons 81,854 

On wh'ch the amount of tolls, was, f 78,781 60 

And the tolls received on articles of mer- 
chandii^e other than coal, amounted to 55,224 32 



Making the whole amount of tolls 
ceived in 1831, 



$134,005 92 



No. 1. 

Sfa.'ement nf the Company's Jlcconnis, January 1, 1S32. 

DR. 

»1, 137,9,50 00 

'2i3,25f) 00 

1,118,923 60 

Toll Account, - - 72,280 60 

Temporary Loan, - - 20,000 00 

Rents, - - - 2,550 64 



Of these tolls the ascending navigation 
produced ?.';4,ni0 40 

And the descending, 99,995 52 

The whole tonnage conveyed on the Canal in 1K31, 
amounted to Tons 196,413 

Of which there was of the ascen-.ling trade. 

Tons 40,791 

And of the descending trade, 155,6-'2 

Of the tolls received in 1831, there was collected 
from boats wh'ch entered the Union Canal, $12,553 98 

Boats coming from the Union Canal, 15,752 75 



CR. 

General Charges, being the Cost of the 

Works, including Real Estate, 
Current Expenses, 
Balance of Individual Accounts, 
nam.ige Account, 
Interest Account, 
Balance of Cash, 



$2,585,054 


84 


$2,486,??5 39 


33,850 


95 


6,605 


."5 


6,531 


73 


34,388 


53 


17,452 


89 


. 





$2,585,054 


84 



No. 2. 
Tonnage Ascending. 

^'erchandize, ... £674 

Fish, .... 2454 

Salt, .... 2155 

Plaster, .... 2345 

Lu-nber, .... 9972 

Grain, .... 628 

Iron, .... 585 

Blooms, Pig Iron, and Castings, - . 286 

Limestone, ... 8306 

Marble, and other Stone, - . 85 

Iron Ore, - - - 627 

Bricks, .... 435 

Wood, .... 259 

Sundries, .... 5049 

Stone, &.C. passing Fair Mount Locks only, 2022 

Co.al, - - - ' - 858 



Making together, $28, >U6 73 

The amount of rents received in 18 U, from real 
estate, and from ground rents and water rents, was 

$16,035 59 

And the arrears amounted to 4,789 38 

The inc-mefrora rents in 1832, is estimated at 

$15,207 GO 

The accompanying accounts, viz: 

No. 1, exhibits the general statement of the affairs of 
the Company, showing the whole cost of the improve- 
ments, real estate, &c. the amount of capital stock paid, 
and the sums borrowed. 

Nos. 2 and 3, exhibit the account of the articles and 
tonnage which ascended and descended the Navigation 
in 1831. 

The Board have only to remark in conclusion, that 
the receipts for tlie year just ended, have not been 
equal to their expectations. This has been owing to 
two principal causes already alluded to, namely, the dis 
couragement of the coal business in the early part of the 
season, which prevented the dealers for several months, 
from availing themselves to any considerable extent of 
the means of ti-ansportation, and the unusiudly early and 
severe frosts in the latter part of it, closing the Naviga- 
tion by ice, some weeks before the ordinarj- period, and 
thus making it impossible to fill up the market, when it 
was .ascertained, that there w.as a deficient supply and 
consequently an eager ilemand. The latter cause alone 
has been more than sufficient to account for the reduc- 
tion, wh'ch h.as been found in the income f.om tolls com- 
pared with that of the preceding year. It is satisfactorj' 
to know tliat the falling off has not been owing to any I Bricks, 
defect in the works: .and it is encouraging to perceive. Butter, ... 

that while the diminution of the trade in coal has been Leather, - - . 

owing to occurrences in tlieir nature rare or temporary, | Wood ... 

and not likely to be enc.untered in the same force again, | Sundries, 

it h.as at the same time served to affortl the most decisive Stone passing Fair Mount Locks only, 
evidence of an increased and increasing consumption, | M;irble, and other stone, 
and to estiiblish th:it for the future, a much larger qiian- I Tobacco, Hemp, Cotton, &c. 
tity will be wanted of tliat valuable mineral than has hi- 
therto been furnished. With this plain ground of confi- 
dence, there is no reason to doubt that tlie trade will be ' 



No. 3. 
Tonnage Descending. 
Coal, 
Flour, 

V\hiskey, - -■*• 

Lumber, 
Grain, 
Iron, 

Blooms, Pig Iron, and Castings, 
N.ails, 

Limestone and Lime, 
Iron Ore, 



\ 



Tons, 40,791 



- 818.H 

1G248 

1839 

9470 

6251 

1649 

2569 

1666 

29319 

1384 

14 

276 

202 

566 

798 

4977 

2033 

187 

Ton.s, 155,632 



24 



CANAL COMiUSSIONERS' REPORT. 



[jABBia* 



MESSAGE OF THE GOVERXOR 

AND 

COMMUNICATION OF THE CANAL COMAUS- 
SIONERS TO THE GOVERNOR, 

In relation to the contractors upon the line of the Co- 
lumbia and Philadelphia Rail Road — and also in re- 
ference to the inclined plane section of said road at 
Columbia. Head in Senate, January 4, lSo2. 
Ti> tht Senate and House nf Hepresenlalives of the Com- 
monwealth iif Pennsylvania. 
Gkntlemex, 

iTierewith transmit to the two Houses, copies of a com- 
munication received from the Board of Canal Commis- 
sioners in relation to the conti-actors upon the line of the 
Columbia and Philadelphia rail-road, and more especial- 
ly to those on the Middle and Western Divisions of the 
same, and also in reference to the inclined plane section 
of said rail-road at Columbia, to which I would respect- 
fully invite tile immediate attention of the legislature. 
Harrisburg, Jan. 3, 18j2. GEO. WOLF. 

Canal Commissiosehs Room, ? 
January 2, 183?. 5 
His Excellency GEnncE Wolf, 

Governor (if Pennsylvania. 
SiB — By order of the Board of Canal Commissioners, 
I have the honor of submitting to you, for the informa- 
tion of the legislature, the following statement. 

The act of the 21st March, 1831, appropriates 
$2,483,161 88 for certain purposes therein mentioned, 
and the 6th section of that act vests the sum appropria- 
ted in the Commissioners of the Internal Improvement 
Fund, to be applied Ijy them to the repayment of a tern 
porary loan ofS250,ii00, andto the payment of contracts 
necessary to finish work heretofore authorized; and the 
residue in the manner and for the purposes directed by 
that act 

On the 15th December, 1831, a statement was receiv- 
ed by the canal commissionei-s from the treasurer of the 
board, of which the following is a copy. 

Tbeasuhi Office of Pennstlvawia, 7 
December Sih, 1831. 5 

Amount of loan per act of 2ist March, 

1831, §2,483,161 88 

Paid temporary loan, §250,000 
Turnpike compa- 
nies, 125,000 
Interest on 1st Au- 
gust, 1831, 26,276 10 

401,276 10 



Paid on account of old work : 
AbnerLacock, 411 51 

John Mitchell, 28 31 

Board of canal commissioners, 4,000 CO 
Board of appraisers, 423 00 

John Barber, 93,337 52 

Samuel Jones, 135,000 00 

James Taggart, 114,239 57 

James P. Bull, 58,100 00 

William B. Mitchell, 40,000 00 

LordBuUer 28,900 00 

Amount yet required 70,000 00 



2,081,885 78 





544,439 91 




$1,537,445 87 




Appropriated. Pru. ru'a. 


Columbia and Phila. 


rail-road, :f600,000 $491,675 64 


Columbia canal to Middletown, 116,170 9o,196 58 


Juniata and portage. 


700,000 573,621 52 


West Branch, 


200,000 163,891 86 


North Branch, 


100,000 81,945 98 


Beaver, 


100,'JOO 81,945 98 


French creek. 


60,000 49,168 31 




$1,876,170 $1,537,445 87 



By the foregoing stitement, the board were apprised 
that jl,876, 170, which had been specifically appropriat- 
ed "towards the expenditures" or new hues "during the 
present year," was reduced, by "payments of contracts 
necessary to finish work heretofore authorized," to 
$1,537,445 87; hence it became evident tliat the appro- 
priation to some of the hues must soon be expended. 

The anxiety of the canal commissioners to avoid an 
infi-action of tlie 7th section of the act of March 21st, 
1831, which prohibits them from "incurring debt on the 
faith of the state, in any way or manner, beyond the 
appropriation," induced them to pass resolutions, 

1st. Dividing the $573,621 52 applicable to the Juni- 
ata division and the Portage rail-road, between those 
lines in proportion to the amount of work under con- 
ti-act on each of them — being $304,397 52, to the Juni- 
ata division, .and $269,234 to tlie Allegheny portage rail- 
road. 

2d. Directing the superintendent on the Columbia 
and Philadelphia rail-road, to set apart and retain, from 
the special appropriation to that hue, such a sum as 
would be necessary to pay conti-acts then existing, for 
the iron for said road, and for the twenty miles of the 
road, west from Philadelphia, under contract; and, 

3d That notice should be given to the several su- 
perintendents of the unexpended balance of the appro- 
priation, applicable to tlieir lines; and that they should 
in due time notify the contractors thereof, so as to avoid 
incuiTing a debt on the faith of tlie st;ite. 

A few d;as since, letters were received by the board, 
from the superintendent upon the Columbia and Phila- 
delphia rail-road, stating that in conformity with the 
resolutions of the board, he had "found it necessary im- 
mediately to give notice to the conti'actors upon the 
middle and western divisions of the rail-road;" and he 
adds that the contractors upon the hne "will be thrown 
into great distress, and under present circumstances aH 
the contractors except those on the twenty miles, will 
stop work — their horses, carts, and men will be scatter- 
ed, and when the work shall be ordered to go on again 
it will be hard to collect them. It is sincerely to be re- 
gretted that the grading cannot be prosecuted. 
"The whole amount expended under new 
-contracts of every description, is about $285,000 00 
Contracts for iron, say $120,000 — $10,000 

of which is paid, 110,000 00 

$395,000 00 
Leaves balance to be expended on 20 miles, 96,675 OO 

$491,675 00 

"It will however be proper fiirtber to observe, that 

the per centage due on tlie middle and western divisions, 

is 533,523; and that an estimate on work done since the 

first of December, will be about $30,000. 

"The inclined plane section at Columbia, will be in a 
deplorable situation; the embankment of the road way 
along the shore has been put in, and tlie contractors were 
vigorously prosecuting the work with 40 carts and 60 or 
70 men, in order to secure the embankment by a slope 
made down to the wharves, which have recently been 
constructed; and which would have been entirely secur- 
ed before the breaking up of the river in the spring: but 
if left in the situation it is now in, will be damaged te> 
the amount of several thousand dollars, to the loss of 
the commonwealth. $5000 w'ould secure the embank- 
ment, and it is more than probable tliat if left, $5000 
will not repair the damage. "Many of the contractors 
have a large force on hand, and have laid in their win- 
ter provisions, and to stop operations will be very ruin- 
ous. Under present circumst:\nces we cannot lay out 
any part of the $110,000 for the iron until the Delaware 
ojiens, and at any rate but a small portion of it would 
be paid until towards spring. ' 

The Canal Commissionei's have, since they received 
the above letters, passed resolutions directing the su- 
perintendent of the Columbia and Philadelphia rail. 



832.] 



REPORT OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT FUND. 



25 



ro.id to have the work which has been clone in the month 
of December, estimated and paid in tlie usiuil manner; 
and to retain as much of the appropriation as will cover 
the retained per centa^c; and tlie contracts for the iron; 
leavinj the residue of the apprnprijition applicable to 
the twenty miles west of Phihidclphia. 

The Hoard sincerely hope th:it immediate provision 
will be made by the leg'ishiturc, for continuing' the ope- 
rations on this impoi'tiint branch of tlie public improve- 
ments: either by a further appropriation, or by an au- 
thority to use the unexpended balance of tlie present 
appropriation along the whole line of the rail-road. 
This latter method would keep the work in as active 
progress as the winter will permit, until some time next 
spring-. 

The Board avail themselves of the present occasion, 
to state that unlcs a fund be soon provided for repairs, 
the finished portions of the canal cannot all be put in 
such a condition as to secure an acti\e use tliereof earlv 
next season. JAMES C'LAHKE, President 

of Iht Board of Canal Commissioners, 



REPOnT op THE 

COMSnSSIONERS OF THE IXTERN.VL IM- 
PROVEMENT FUND. 

Read December 14, 1831. 

To the Senale and House of Representatives of the Com- 
Tnonweuttli of Pennsylvania. 

In compliance witli the provisions of the 1st section 
of tlie act of 1st April, 182G, and the 2d section of the 
act of 4th April, 1831, the commissioners of the internal 
improvement fund respectfully submit the following' re- 
port: 

On the 7th February, 1831, the commissioners re- 
ported the cond tion of the internal improvement fund up 
to 1st Februarv, 1831. The present report therefore com- 
mences at that time, and exhibits the receipts and pav- 
ments up to the 1st instunt, embracing a period often 
months. 

On the 1st February, 1831, the commissioners had 
no funds applicable to the construction and incidental 
expenses of the Pennsylvania canal and r.iil-road. The 
act of the 21st March, 1831, authorized a loan of 
Jj'2,483,16l 8), to be applied to those purposes; and the 
act of 30th March, 1831, authorized a further loan of 
§300,000 applicable exclusively to rep;iii-s on the canal 
and rail-road, to damages, and to the payment of tlie 
salaries of sundn," oHicers attached to the canal. This 
last appropriation has been received in full, and appli- 
ed as follows: 
Paid to the treasurer of the board of canal 

commissioners, $290,000 00 

Paid salaries of toll collectors and lock 

keepers, 9,031 77 

Balance on hand to be applied to lock 

keepers, 968 23 



S300,0 00 



It has been ascertained that this appropriation was in- 
adequate to cover the objects intended. The great ex- 
tent of new lines of canal which had to be tested by let- 
ting in of water for the first time, together with the ex- 
traordinary freshets during the early part of the season, 
increased the expenditure for repairs much beyond any 
reasonable calculaUon. Many claiins for damages, and 
disbursements for repairs remain yet unliquidated. 

The loan per act of 21st March, 18 il, w.is received 
by instalments, the first amounting to $7U0,000, and 
each of the others to ten per cent, on the asTgregate 
loan. In this manner the sum of 51.69 ',264 72 has 
been borrowed, leaving a balance of g789,897 11 yet 
to be received, one instalment of which will probably j 
be required about the 1st of Februarv, and the balance 
Vol. IX. 4 



on or before the fii-st of April next. The amount bor- 
rowed has been disposed of as follows: 
Repaid temporary loan, per act of 12th 

Jamnirv, 1831,' §250,000 00 

Repaid tcmporai'y loan in anticipation of 

the loan per act of 21st March, 1831, 230,000 00 

Paid to the state treasurer amount appro- 
priated to sundry turnpike road com- 
panies, per 4th section of the act of 21st 
March, 1831, 125,000 

Amount t;iken to supply the deficiency 
in the interest fund, on 1st Augrist, 
1831, per 2d section of the act of 30th 
March, 1831, 26,276 10 

Amount paid to the treasurer of tlie board 

of canal commissioners, 1,061,988 62 

§1,695,264 72 



The temporary loan of §230,000 was considered es- 
sential to the vigorous prosecution of the public works 
especi;illy as the negotiation of the permanent loan was 
necessarily attended with some delay, during which 
time the contractors must have laboured undergreat pe- 
cuniar)- embarrassment, and the proper execution of 
their contracts been neglected. The Governor there- 
fore believed it to be his duty, under the power vested 
in him by the act of 21st March, 1831, to anticipate a 
portion of the loan, and apply it without delay to the 
judicious .idvanccment of the public improvements. 

The following are the aggregate payments made to 
the treasurer of the board of canal commissioners du- 
ring the period which this report ombraees: 
Temporary loan in anticipation of the loan 

per act of 21st M.arch, 1831, §230,000 00 

Part of loan per act of 21st March, 1831, 1,061,988 62 
Part of loan per act of 3Gth March, 1831, 290,000 00 

§1,581,988 62 

This aggregate of 31,581,988 62 corresponds with 
the appropriations of the last session, as appears by the 
following calculation: 
Amount appropriated per act of 21st 

March, 1831, §2.483,161 83 

Amount appropriated per act of 30th 

March, 1831, 300,000 00 

2,783,161 83 
Deduct amount not received of loan per 

act of 2Ist M.arch, 1831, 7'89,897 H 



Amount of appropriations received into 

the fund, 1,993,264 72 

Deduct temporary loan per act 
of 12th Janua^-, 1831, re- 
paid, §250,000 00 
" amoimt paid to turnpike 

companies, 125,000 00 

" amount taken for the 

p.ayment of interest, 26,276 10 
" amount retained for the 
payment of the sala- 
ries of toll collectors 
and lock keepcra, 10,000 00 

411,276 10 

Balance for canal purposes, 



SI.531,9S8 62 

The following summary exhibits the whole amount 
paid to the commissioners of the internal improvement 
fund, applicable to canal purposes, fron) 1st Februarv, 
to 1st December, 1831, and the manner of its disburse- 
ment, from which it appears that a b .lance of 5968 23 
remains in tlicir hands, to be applied to the payment 
of the salaries of toll collectors and lock keepers, under 
the promions of the act of 30th March, 1831. 



20 



BEPOHT or COM>nSSIONEHS OF THE INTERNAL L>n»norEMEtNT FUND. [JiitFiS,- 



RECLIPTS. 

Temporary loan in anticipation of the 

loan per act of 21st March, 18J1, $230,000 00 

Part of loan per act of 21st March, 1831, 1,693,264 72 
Loan per act of 30th March, 1831, 300,u00 00 



2,223,264 72 



PAYMENTS. 

Treasurer of the board of canal commis- 
sioners, §1,581,988 62 

Repaid temporary loan per act of 12th 

January, 1831, 250,000 00 

Repaid temporary loan in anticipation of 

the loan per act of 21st March, 1831, 230,000 00 

Paid to the state treasurer amount apprp- 
priated to sundry turnpike road compa- 
nies, per 4th section of the act of 21st 
March, 1831, 125,000 00 

Paid salaries of toll collectors and lock 

keepers, under act of 30th March, 1831, 9,031 77 

Amount taken to supply the deficiency in 
the interest fund on 1st August, 1831, 
per 2d section of the act of 3uth March, 
1831, 26,276 10 

Balance on hand on 1st December, 1831, 968 23 

g2,223,264 72 



The transactions in the fund immediately connected 
with the payment of interest on the several canal loans, 
will appear by the following-: 

On the 1st February, 1831, a balance of §6,106 57 
remained in the fund applicable to the payment of in- 
terest, to which was added by transfers from the state 
treasury, agreeably to the several acts regulating the in- 
ternal improvement fund, in the month of May, $42,000, 
and in July J209,078 76, making an aggregate of 
of!f257,185 33, Out of this sum, however, had been 
paid Sj,5'j7 51, interest on temporary loans, and 
$4,850 19, salary of toll collectors, and lock keepers, 
under a resolution of the legislature of 8th January, 
1830, and an act of assembly, entitled "An act direct- 
ing the Auditor General to settle the accounts of cer- 
tain collectors of toll and lock keepers on the Pennsyl- 
vania canal," approved 30th March, 1831, which left 
only a balance of §948,827 63 fertile pa}Tnent of inter- 
est due on 1st August, 1831. The interest payable on 
that day at the Bank of Pennsylvania, amounted to 
§275,103 73. The deficiency of §25,276 10 was sup- 
plied out of the loan per act of 21st March, 1831, agree- 
ably to the provisions of the 2d section of the act of 
30th March, 1831. Other transfers and disbursements 
have been made since the 1st August last, which left a 
balance in fund on the 1st instant, amounting to 
§94,354 78, as appears from the following general state- 
ment of receipts and payments: 

RECEIPTS. 

Auction duties, - . §93,305 90 

Premiums on loans, - - 119,595 88 
Dividends on bridge, canal and turnpike, 

stock, ■ , - - 31,013 12 
CoUatei-al inheritances, - - 17,063 51 

Escheats, - - - 20 00 

State treasury- per act of 22d AprU, 1829, 50,000 00 

Canal toUs, ' - - - 35,365 81 
Amount taken of loan per act of 21st 
March, 1831, per 2d section of ike act 

of 3uth March, 1831, - 26,276 10 

Balance in fund sn 1st February, 1831, 6,106 57 



PAYMENTS. 

Interest on temporary loan, per act of 12th 

January, 1831. 
Interest on temporary loan in anticipation of 

the loan per act of 21st March, 1831, 

Interest on loan of 1826, 

" 1827, 

March, 1828, 

" December, 1828, 

April, 1829, 

" December, 1829, 

" March, 1830, 

" 21st March, 1831, 

" 30th M:irch, 1831, 

Salaries of toll collectors and lock keepers, 

per resolution of 8th January, 1830, &c. 5, 
Balanc»ia fund on 1st December, 1831, 94, 



,968 7S 

538 76 
,500 00 
,000 00 
,000 00 
,000 00 
,000 00 
,062 50 
,000 00 
,445 58 
,145 65 

730 87 
354 78 



$378,746 89 



The commissioners have prepared an estimate of the 
probable deficiency of the interest fund on the 1st Fe- 
bruarvand 1st August next, which exhibits an aggregate 
of $197,234 88. Estimates of this description, how- 
ever, cannot be made with any great degi-ee of certain- 
ty, and appropriations to cover them should contain 
some provision to guard against contingencies. Canal 
tolls, especially are as yet a very uncertain source of 
revenue. In the report of 7th February last they were 
estimated at $75,000; and the receipts of the first quar- 
ter, amounting to about $20,000, make it evident 
this estimate would hare been r. alized, if not exceeded, 
if extensive injury had not been done to the canal by 
excessive freshets. This year the tolls are estimated 
at $150,000, of which.$75,000 will probably be received 
in time to be applied towards the payment of interest 
on the 1st August next, unless indeed, some extraordi- 
nary accidents should happen to the canal, against 
which the commissioners can make no calculation. It 
is liowever presumed that this estimate is within tlie 
bounds of probability, as we have a navigable line of 
canal exceeding that of last year, by nearly one hun- 
dred and eighty miles, all of which received permanent 
and complete repairs during last summer. 

ESTIMATE. 
Balance in state treasury on 1st Dec. 1831, $80,005 86 
Add probable excess of revenue over ex- 
penditures for Dec. 1831, and Jan. 1832,196,810 59 



Estimated balance in treasury on 31st Jan- 
uary, 1832, 



8,746 89 



Interest on canal loans, payable on 1st Fe 

bruary, 1832, viz. 

On loan of 1826, 7,500 00 

1827, 25,000 00 

" March, 1828, 50,000 00 

December, 1828, 20,000 00 

April, 1829, 55,000 00 

" December, 1829, 5,062 50 

" March, 1830, 100,000 00 

" 21st March,l831,estim'd. 37,500 00 

30UiMarch,1831, 6,485 10 

$306,547 60 

To meet this payment, 
take the balance in 
fund on 1st Decem- 
ber, 1831, - 94,354 78 

Take out of the treasu- 
ry, including revenue 
pledged for the pay- 
ment of interest, 170,953 95 

. 265,308 72 



276,816 45 



Estimated defieiency en lit Feb- 
ruary, 1832, 41,238 W 



tSM.] 



Vl»,CBEr>ING« or COUIfClLft. 



Amount taken out of the treasury as ubove, 170,953 93 



105,862 50 
Deduct interest payable at the treasury, on 
thebans of IS.'l, 1824, 1825, and 'loans 
from certain banks, per act of 1st April, 
1826, 45,862 SO 

Estimated bulance in the treasury, on 1st 

February, 1832, 60,000 00 

Add probable excess of revenue 
over expenditures for Febru- 
ary, March, April, May, June 
and July, 1832, 102,494 85 

Probable receipt •f canal tolls, 75,000 00 

1/'?,494 85 



Estimated balance in the treasury, on 31st 

July, 1832, 237,494 85 

Interest on canal loans, payable on 1st Au- 
gust, 1832, vij. 
On loan of 1826, 7,500 00 

'< 1827, 25,000 00 

March, 1828, 50,000 00 

•December, 1828, 20,000 00 

April, 1829, 55,000 00 

December, 1829, 5,062 50 

M;u-ch, 1830, 100,000 00 

21st March, 1831, estiai'd. 57,565 86 

30th March, 1831, 7,500 00 



To meet this payment, take out 327,628 36 
of the treasury, incUiding reve- 
nue pledged for interest, 171,632 35 



Estimated deficiency on 1st Au- 
gust, 1832, 155,996 01 

65,862 50 

Deduct interest payable at the treasury a» 

above, 45,862 50 



Estimated balance in the treasury, on 1st 

August, 1832, _ 20,000 00 

The commissioners, in forming this estimate, have not 
calculated on any receipts from the revenue laws of 
last session, as it is doubtful whether any payments will 
b>e made into the treasury prior to the 1st August next, 
the county treasurers nor being required to pay over 
until the 1st September in each year. Neither have 
they calculated on the payment of interest on loans that 
may be autliorized during tlie present session, as it is 
presumed a premium can be obtained, more than suffi- 
cient to pay such interest, for the time which the esti- 
mate embraces. 

All of which is respectfullv submitted. 

'SAM'L. M'KEAN, 
DAN'L STURGEON, 
A. MAHON. 
JJarriiburgh, December 13th, 1831. 



PROCEIiDIMGS OF COIINCILS. 

MosDAT, Jan. 9th, 1832. 
The following letter from the Mavor of the city en- 
closing the annexed communication from the Executors 
of the late Stephen Giranl, was received. 

Matiiii's OrriCE, ? 

Philadelphia, Jan. 9, 1832. > 
To the President of the Select and Cummon Councils. 
Gentlemen, — I transmit you a communication from 
the Executors of the late Stephen Girard, with a certi- 
fied copy of his will and rent roll of certain real estate, 
all of which have been handed me by the Executors. 

Measures for the collection of rents now due, and for 
renting the untenanted houses may claim your early at- 
tention. Very respectfully, yourob't sen-'t, 

B. W. RieBABBi. 



PBiLADELruiA, Jan. 7t!i, 1832. 

Sin — The undersigned, executors of the last wilt of 
Stephen Girard, late of this city, deceased, respectfully 
present to you a copy of that instrument, for the infor- 
mation of "the Mayor, Aldermen and citizens of Phila- 
delphia." 

•As the city of Philadelphia is entitled to receive tho 
rents, which became payable, after the dece;ise of the 
testator, from that part of his real estate, which passed 
to the city under his will, the undersigned at present 
furnish a statement, shewing_/frs7, certain real estate in 
the city and liberties of Philadelphia, which passed to 
the city, under the will, for which rent has become due 
since the decease of the testator, secondly, the names of 
the tenants, and la'-tly the amount of rent due by those 
tenants respectively. In future communications, the 
undersigned will present such further information, as it 
may be their duty to make known, in oi-der that the in- 
tentions of the testator may be faithfully carried into ex- 
ecution. 

Aware that the action of the legislature of Pennsylva- 
nia will be necessary to enable the city of Philadelphii 
to execute some of the trusts created by the testator, 
and, consequently, to enjoy his munificent bounty, the 
undersigned embrace the earliest opportunity to present 
this communication, and will be glad to co-operate with 
the corporation of Philadelphia, in all measures calcu- 
lated to confer upon the community the benefits which 
the testator so anxiously desired they should possess. 
With respect, your ob't, servants, 

TiMOTHT PaXSON, 

Thos. p. Cope, 

JoSEfH HoBERTS, 

W. J. Doane, 
Joux A. Barclat: 
To BE>f/. W. UrcBARDS, Esq. 

Mayor of Philadelphia, 

Mr. Dl-ane oflTered the following resolution, which 
which was adopted by both Councils; and Messrs. Duane, 
LippincOtt, Massey, Petit and Scoti, of the Select Coun- 
cil, and Wctherill, Okie, Sullivan, Moss and Page, of 
the Commoji Council, were appointed the Commit- 
tee. 

Resolved, That a committee of five members of each 
Councils, including the Presidents tiiereof respectively, 
be now appointed, whose duty it shall be, in conjunc- 
tion with the Mayor and City Solicitor, who are hereby 
requested to act, to consider and report, at the next 
stated meeting of Councils, and at succeeding meetings 
if needful, what measures ought to be adopted, in order 
that the Mayor, Aldermen and citizens of Philadelphia, 
may promptly and faithfiilly execute the trusts created 
by the late Stephen Girard, 

At an election by the Select and Common Councils, 
held yesterday afternoon, the followinggentlemen were 
elected directors of the Public Schools for the first sec- 
tion of the school district of the state of Pennsylva- 
nia: 

Renj. W. Richards Charles Hedclius 

John Steele . Wm. P. Smith 

Thomas Dunlap Samuel Paton 

Henry M. ZoUickoffer John H. Campbell 
James Carstairs J. K. Hassinger 

Chariest. Cathrall AVm. Duane, jr. 

Wm. W. Fisher Joseph Patterson 

George Fox Job. H. Tyson 

Thomas G- Hollingfs worth M'm. H. Furness 
Wm. Wharton Francis Cooper 

Richard Price Wm. L. Bcchicl 

Robert O'Neill J. A. Phillips ' 

A Randall Joseph Yeager 

T. A. Alexander Pearson Serrill 

Benj. Mifflin James Gowan 

Thomas Phippa Wm. Vogdcs 

Stevenson Smith B. S. Bonsall 

Geo.M. WhartoB Wm. Stavelev. 



•^ 



28 



GIRARD BANK. - 



Jitv^m 



GIRARD BANK. 

At a large and respectable meeting of the Merchants, 
Manufacturers, and others, of the city of Philadelphia, 
at the .Merchants' Coffee House, on Saturday afternoon, 
at 3 o'clock, held in pursuance of public notice, Bf.x- 
j.iMix W. RiriiAnns, Esq. >tayor of the city, was called 
to the Chair, and JIattiikw Newkiiik and Samuel C. 
Fonn, were appointed Secretaries 

The object of the meeting- having been stated from 
the Chair, the following preamble and resolutioBs were 
offered by Alexander McClurg, Esq. and unanimously 
adopted: — 

IVIiereas, The death of our lamented fellow citizen, 
Stephzs GiRAiin, Esq. has suddenly deprived this com- 
munity of an extensive capital, so judiciously employed 
by him in banking operations; and, whereu's, the with- 
drawing so large a sum at once, from circulation, even 
at a time when money was in the greatest abundance, 
would subjtctmany persons to much difficulty and great 
embarrassment, which is rendered more severe and op- 
pressive at the present time, when the demand is well 
known to be greater than for many years past; there- 
fore, 

Resnlved, That in the opinion of this meeting, it is of 
the utmost importance to Merchants, Slanufacturers, 
and all others, interested in the trade and prosperity of 
this city and adjoining districts, that a Bank be esta- 
blished with as much promptness as may be expedient, 
and with a Capital fully adequate to supply the defi- 
ciency. 

Besohed, That a Committee, to consist of twelve per- 
sons be appointed to draft a Memorial to the State Le- 
gislature, setting forth the great want of Banking Capi- 
tal experienced especially at the present time and re^ 
spectfully praying them to grant a Charter, incorpora- 
ting a new Bank, with a capital of Mree ?)ii//,n>?sofiUiUur^. 

Mwlrer/, That the Bank shall be called the Girord 
Bank of I'hil'idelphin. 

Resiilvid, That-the Committee appointed have full 
power to fiU vacancies, add to tlieir numbers, procure 
signatures to the Jlemorial, and attend to such other ' 
mattei-s as may be necessary to carry the object of this { 
meeting into effect. 

Resulved, That the Chairman and Secretaries be add- 
ed to the Committee. 

Jiefo/ved, That the Chairman appoint the Committee. < 

The following gentlemen were then appointed, in ! 
connection with the Chairman and Secretaries, to consti- 
tute the Committee, viz: 



Benj. W. Richards, 
Matthew Newkirk, 
Samuel C. Ford, 
Thomas M. Pettit, 
Thomas C. Rockhill, 
Richard D. Wood, 
Daniel Groves, 
Joseph Burden, 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be 
signed by the Chairman and Secretaries^ and published 
in all the daily papers of this city. 

The meeting then adjourned. 

B. ^Y. Richards, Chairman. 

Matthew Newkirk, 

Samuel C. Ford, 



John S. Riddle, 
J. Price Wetherill, 
^Vm. SIcGlensey, 
Chas. W. Churchman, 
Alexander JlcClui-g, 
Robert Earp, 
David S. Brown. 



■ Secretaries. 



The Committee met at 7 o'clock. P. M. at the Mer- 
chant's Coffee House, and organized, and in pursuance 
of the power invested in them, in the 4th Resolution, 
appomted the following gentlemen to co-operate with 
them: — - 

John A. Brown, 
James Schott, 
J. K. Kane, 
A. G. Ralston, 
W. D.Lewis, 



John W. Odenheimer, 
Samuel Comly, 
Alexander Fergnson, 
Jas M. Linn.ard. 
George Handy. 



At a large and respectable meeting of Merchants, 
Manufacturers, Jlechanics, and others, (opposed to tlie 



proceedings of the meeting held at the Merchants' 
Coffee House on Saturday last,) held at the County 
Court-house, on Wednesday afternoon, for the purpose 
of memorializing the legislature for a charter for a Bank, 
to be c;illedthe Girard Bank, John Lisle w.as called to 
the Cliair; Alexaxper Cook and Col. JoHx THOMpsojr 
were appointed V-ce Presidents, and C. AJ/icukiler, Jr. 
and Mi/es .V. Carpenter were appointed Secretaries. 

Mr. Laussat moved the following resolutions, which 
were unanimously adopted. 

Whereas, The late meeting at the Merchants' Coffee 
House was held at a time unusually earlj-, without allow- 
ing the ordinary and expected delay, its proceedings 
were precipitated, and the various interests vitally con- 
cerned in its objects had not a full opportunity accord- 
ed them of being represented therein; and' whereas 
the amount of tliree millions of dollars, designated as a 
capital by the said meeting — though undoubtedly re- 
quired by the wants of the community in various parts 
of our city and county — is unusually and unnecessarily 
large (or a. single institution. 

Resolved, That we, the Merchants, Jlanufacturers, 
Mechanics, Traders, and others, of the city and county 
of Philadelphia, here assembled, agreeing in the gener- 
al objects of the former meeting, do nevertheless, disap- 
prove of the manner in which it was conducted, and are 
opposed to its proceedings. 

And whereas, the dissolution of the Bank, lately con- 
ducted with so much usefulness to die public, by our 
lamented fellow citizen, Stephen Girard, has suddenly, 
and at a very momentous crisis, deprived this communi- 
ty of a large amount of capital that bad before been ac- 
tively and liberally employed, and which from experi- 
ence is known to be indispensable to our welfare and 
prosperity, even under the most flourishing auspices of 
trade : 

Resolved, That it is expedient to establish a new 
Bank, to be called the Girard Bank, after the name of 
our distinguished citizen; and that the said Bank sliould 
be so fixed with regard to location, as to supply the new- 
deficiencies and wants that have just been created. 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed for 
the purpose of di-afting a memorial to the two Houses 
of Legislature, expressive of the sen.se of this assembly, 
and that the said committee be instructed to present 
their report to the meeting for their approbation. 

A memorial, reported by a committee was unanimous- 
ly adopted, and a committee of fifty appointed to carry 
into effect the objects of the meeting. 

The following gentlemen compose the committee: 

Benjamin Tevis, Antony Lauseat, Thomas Cave, 
George Troutman, Robert Patterson, AsherJt. Howell, 
Benjamin S. Bonsall, Thomas Lancaster, Henry Korn, 
John Goodin, jr. Edmund A. Si^ider, Samuel F. Brad- 
ford, John M. Ch:ipion, D;ivia Lapsley, jr. Pearson 
SerriH, John B. Swett, Jesper Harding,Edwin T. Scott, 
John M. Barclay, Frederick Stoever, John Horn, Tho- 
mas J. Petriken, George Guier, John Knox, Robert Ew- 
ing, Sampson Tams, Mordecai D, Lewis, John Grigg, 
Jesse Smith, Thos. Rogers, JohnL. AVolf, William Car- 
man, Henry Toland, Henry AVhite, William Newell, jr. 
John Harding, jr. Caleb Cope, John Thobum, John D. 
Goodwin, Dennis M'Credj-, William Booth, James 
Burke, John Moss, S. Destouet, Thomas Haven, Augus- 
tin Stevenson, William G. Alexander, James Harper, 
Lawrence Lewis, John L. Hodge, John Barclay, Miles 
N. Carpenter, Freeman Scott, Benjamin E. Carpenter. 
The followingresolutions were then offered and adopted: 

Resolved, that, in the opinion of this meeting, no 
banking or other business corporation, ought to be char- 
tered, without providing for preventing the stock from 
being monopolized by a few persons; and for this pur- 
pose, it is necessary that no one be allowed to subscribe 
as the attorney or agent of more than one individual. 

Resolved, that the commissioners appointed to re- 
ceive subscriptions, ought to be sworn or affirmed to. 
act with strict impartiality. 



1832.) 



GinAUD BANK. 



29 



Resolved, that subscriptions ought to be received j That the charter of the Bank being: about to expire, 
not exceeding five shares to each individual, until all [ on the 4th of March 1836, your memorialists deem it 
persons wisliing that number have been accommodated, j their duty to invite the attention of Congress to its re- 



JOllN LISLK, President. 

AtEXANDER Cook, ? y.^^ Presidents. 

JdHN i ho:mi'si>n, 3 
C. Macales TEn, jr. 7 
Miles N. CAHPt.sTZB, ; 



Secretincs. 



MEMORIAL 



ncwal. 

The genci'al considerations which caused the esta- 
blishment of the Bank, the manner in which it has ex- 
ecuted the duties assigned to it, and the reasons which 
recommend its continuance, your memorialists foi'bear 
to discuss, since, of these subjects, your honorable 
bodies are more competent and appropriate judges. 



To the Senate and I/nuse of JieprcsenMi'vt.i nf the Com- \ They w\\\ therefore merely state the views which in- 
monitealth of I'entuijlvania, in General jUsembly mel: duce their application at this time. 
The memorial of the undersigned, merchants, manufac Unless the question is decided by the present Con- 
- - ~ • • ' «.-^.-.. .,« ,i^.*.«.»..-« o«t.rt« ..««...♦ ..«ri be expected until 

of the charter — a 
your mcmorialiists, 



i, mechanics, tradei^ and others of the city and ; Press, no definitive action upon it can b 
V of Philadelphia, • | w.thm two years of the expiration of 

..c.wcf//»//v showelh, that the indispensable necessity f<'P°'^ before which, in the opinion of yc 
to mercantile prosperity of a certain reasonable amount : 't.'s highly expedient not merely in reference to the in- 
of capital to be employed in banking oper.ations, is an i stitution itself, but to the more important interests of tlie 



turers, 
county 
Refpeclftllij 



apital to be employed in banking op ,.„...., . . . 

axiom established by the experience and knowledge of ;'^«'0". \''^\i'l^;^_'i\';''™;'?,^";'.^'..*:°"SI'L^,\,;'''^^ ^f 
this community, and the vmiversal acceptance of all com 
mercial nations 



That the amount of capital hitherto employed by 
Stephen Girard, which was always and at all times 
treated by your honourable bodies as part of the reason- 
able supply of this city and county for banking purpo- 
ses, is now about to be withdrawn from the general use 



known. Independently of the influence which the bank 
was designed to possess, and which it necessarily exer- 
cises over the state of the cuiTency, by which all the 
pecuniary transactions of the community are regulated, 
its own immediate operations are connected intimately' 
with the local business of almost every section of the 
United States, with the commercial interchanges be- 



of the community, and to be removed to other objects I tween the several states, and the intercourse of them 
and employments; while, to add to the distress of Vour : »'• ^V*^'^ foreign nations. 



memorialists, they are exposed to the disastrous effects 
of such a commercial crisis as American ti-ade has rare- 
ly witnessed: 

'I hat the banking capital accessible to the important, 
numerous and valuable interests,rec[uiring its assistance, 
\vithin the limits of the city and county of Philadelphia, 
was Well known to be inadequate to the calls of the com- 



Of the value to the community, of the system which 
after long and anxious efforts, and at great pecuniary 
sacrifices, your memorialists have at length .succeeded 
in establishing, it is not for them to speak; their more 
immediate purpose is to represent, .as they do, most 
respectfully, that the continuance or destruction of that 
system, thus widely diffused through all the avenues of 



munitv, even when the general prosperity of trade and 'he productive industry of the cnuntn-, affecting all the 
the extraordjnarv- abundiince of clrcuhiting medium di- relations of public revenue and private income, and con- 
minished the am'ount of the public want, and tlie great tributmg to give stability to all the rewards of labor, 
capital of Mr. Girard, which enabled him to employ ; '^ a" "Kl<'ct of general solicitude. If, satisfied w.th the 
three millions and a hilf of dollars actively and liberally , practical opcr.ations of the institution, your honorable 
in discounts increased in an immense proportion the ''ody shall deem it worthy of continuance, it seems ex- 
quantity of financial supply: i pcdient to relieve the country, as soon as may consist 

Your memorialists, therefore, humbly pray yourhon- , "''* mature deliberation, from tlic uncertainty "in which 
curable bodies to incoi-poratc a new bank for the city ' »" private transactions, and all public improvements, 
andcounty of Phil;ulelphi.a, with such capital as in your J dependent on the future condition of the currency, and 
wisdom may be considered necessary, That the said in- , amount of capital disposable for those objects, must nc- 
stitution receive the name of "The Girard Bank of the i cess.arily be involved until your decision is known. If, 
City and County of Philadelphia," as some acknow- "" t^i^ other hand, the wisdom of Congi-ess shall deter- 
ledgment of the' pubhc respect for our l.ate worthy and , ™"^ '''** *'"= ''^"'^ ">"s' <^<="'"= *» <='^'st, it is still more 
eminent fellow cit;zen, andth.at its location be directed important that the country .should begin early to prc- 
for the speci:d purpose of supplying the new wants and ' P'^"' *<"■ ^^'^ expected change, and that the institution 
inconveniences that have just been created by the disso- should have as nnich time as possible to execute the duty, 
lution of a bank, lately existing and in operation. '< al«'.ays a very delicate and difficult one, of aiding the 

Your memorialists do not pray for a capital so exten- ' community to seek new channels of business, and, by 
sive as that formerly employed by Mr. Girard, because, fiT'i<l"^' ».'«! gentle movements, to press with the least 
although they believe that the whole sum would not be inconvenience on the gi-eat interests connected with if. 
more than adequate to the public <ieces,sitics, yet tlicy Under these impressions, they respectfully request 
consider it more equitable— more republican— and more ' th.at the charter of the bank may be renewed, 
conducive to the welfiire of the community, that the i By order of the Board of Directors, 

amount should be distributed among several institutions, ! . . ^ • BHIDLE, President. 

- - - Mr. Daiias said, that being requested to present this 



situate in various parts of the city and county, and thus 
excite to a wholesome and useful competition. 
And your petitioners will ever pray. Sic. 



TWENTY-SECOND CO.NGRESS 

IB 5EXATE, Mundiii/, Jan. 9, 1832. 

Bank of the imti'.d st ate.s. 

Mn. Dallas presented the follosying memorial from 
the President, Directors and Company, of the Bank of 
the United States: 

To the Senate ad iTmuit nf Rcprenentatives nfthe United 
Stntrs, in ('nns^ress ns.irmbled; 

The Memorial of the President, Directors, and Com- 
pany of the B.ank of the United States, in tlie name and 
in behalf of the stockholders of the Bank, respcctfiillv 
represents — 



docuTnent to the senate, praying for a renewal of the ex- 
isting ch.arter ofthe Bank, be begged to be indulged in 
making a few explanatory remarks. With unhcsit.ating' 
franknesshe wished it to be understood by tbcS enate,by 
the good commonwealth which it was alike his duty and 
his pride to represent with fidelity on that floor, and by 
the people generally, that this application, at this time, 
had been discouraged by him. .\ctuatcd,mainly,if not ex- 
clusively, by a desire to preserve to the nation the prac- 
tical bencfitsof the institution; the expediency of bring- 
ing it forward thus early in the term of its incorporation, 
during a popular representation in Congress, which 
must ce.aseto ev'st some years before that term expires 
and on the eve ..f all the excitement incident to a great 
political movement, stnick his mind as more t'l.an doubt- 
fid. — He felt deep .solicitude and apprehension, lest, in 
the progress of enquiri-, and in the dcvelopement of 



30 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. 



[JxatAar 



views, under present circumstances, it might be drawn rences of the last four weeks, and remembered what 
into real or imagined conflict with some higher, some had taken place at a late convention in Baltimore, and 



more favorite, some more immediate wish or purpose of 
the American people. 

And from such a conflict, what sincere friend of this 
usefid establishment, would not strive to save or rescue 
it by at least a temporary forbearance and delay? 
Nevertheless, his conscious mexperience in the forms 
and contingencies of legislation, inspired a distrust of 
his own judgment on this merely prellmhiary point. 
The determination of the parties interested, may be, 
naj', must be, wiser and better, and he could but feel 
strongly impressed by the recollection, that the legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania, recently, and in effect, unanimous- 
ly had recommended the renewal of the charter of this 
Bank. He became, therefore, a willing, as he was vir- 
tually an instructed agent, in promoting, to the extent of 
his humble ability, an object which, however danger- 
ously timed its introduction might seem, was in itself, as 
he conceived, entitled to every consideration and favor. 

Mr. D. concluded by moving that the memorial be 
read and be referred to a select committee of five in 
number, and that the committee have power to send for 
persons and papers. 

The memorial having been read and the reference 
agreed to^ 

Mr. Dallas moved that the appointmnnt of the com- 
mittee be postponed till to-mon-ow. 

Mr. Bell said he was not aware of any reason forthe 
postponement; and as none had been assigned for it, he 
could perceive no propriety in the postponement. It 
would,also, be a thing unprecedented in the Senate; and 
unless some reasons were adduced in favor of the post- 
ponement, he should prefer that the Senate should, ac- 
cording to its usage, proceed at once to the appointment 
of the committee. 

The question being put on the postponement, it was 
negatived. Ayes 15, noes 24. 

The Senate then proceeded to ballot for the commit- 
tee, and the following gentlemen were chosen to com- 
pose it, viz: Mr. Dallas, Mr, Websteb, Mr. Ewing, 
Mr. Hayne, and Mr. Johnstox. 

HOISE OF REPnESESTATITES. 

This day being, by the rules of the House, the day 
of the week on which petitions are to be received, a 
number were presented; amongst which was present- 
ed, 

By Mr. McDrrriE, the memorial of the Presidentand 
Directors, on behalf of the Stockholders, of the Bank 
of the United State*, asking for a renewal of their char- 
After the above mentioned memorial was read, 
Mr. McDi-FFiE moved to refer it to the committee of 
Ways and Means. , ., ^ 

Mr. Davis, of South Carolmamoved to reterit to a 
committee of the whole House on the state of the 
Union. 



the motives which had been avowed for bringing forward 
the subject at tlxis time — he must say, that gentlemen ' 
ought not to permit a petition of this kind to receive the 
attention of the House. 

V^ ho could doubt that the presentation of that me. 
niorial was in fact a party measure, intended to have- 
an important operation on persons occupying the liighest 
offices of Government? If, however, it should be con' 
sidered necessary to enter upon the subject at the pre- 
sent time, Mr. AVayne said he was prepared to meet it. 
But when gentlemen saw distinctly before their eyes, 
the motive of such a proceeding, he hoped, that not- 
withstanding there might be a majority in the house in 
favour of the Bank, gentlemen would not lend them- 
selves to that kind of action, f.'ould it.be necessary to 
take up the question of rechartering the Bank at the pre- 
sent session? Gentlemen all knew, that four years must 
pass before its charter would expire, and that Congress 
had power to extend the period, if farther time was ne- 
cessary to wind up its affairs. It was known tliat other 
subjects of an exciting character must come up during 
the present session, and could there be any necessity, or 
propriety in throwing additional matter into the Houso 
calculated to raise that excitement yet higher? He 
trusted some individual would follow him, who might be 
able to present the subject to the House in a stronger 
hght than he could. He should be willing in the very 
outset, to meet it by a motion to lay this memorial upon 
the table ; but he would not make that motion at present; 
inasmuch as it would preclude a discussion which he 
wished to see proceed. He would, therefore, reserve 
himself for such ultimate action in reference to it as he 
might consider proper. 

Mr. McDuffie said, that if he even could suppose that 
the Baltimore Convention had had any tiling to do with 
the presentation of the present memorial, he trusted 
that he, at least, would be free from the suspicion of 
acting in tliis House as the agent of that body, if any 
man in the United States could be free from such a 
suspicion. So far, however, as regarded the President, 
Directors, and Company of the mother bank, he must 
say, that so far as his situatiofi had given him an oppor- 
tunity of having any knowledge ofthem, (andhe had had 
much to do with those gentlemenj he did not believe 
that there existed within the limits of this Union, an or- 
ganized body more perfectly exempt from any just li- 
abihty to the chari^e of acting from political considera- 
tions; and so far from having had the remotest connec- 
tion with any political movements, either at Baltimore 
or elsewhere, he should rather come to the conclusion 
that the present memorial had been presented after a 
consultation with the party to which the gentleman 
from Georgia, as well as himself, belonged, than with 
those of opposite party opinions. He regretted ex- 
ceedingly, that this shoidd have been regarded as a po- 
A motion was also made to refer itto a select commit- I litical question; but it was the misfortune of our coun- 
A mouon was aiso mauc lu I ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ subject of any kind could be started, which 



^m WAT^x,of Georgia, said, that he had on a former hid reference to the general interests of the people, 
occasion expressed his obj^ctio^ to the reference of tins I but it must instantlv be converted into a poht.cal ques- 
occasion expresseu n I jleans- and he I tion, and connected with that all-absorbing topic-a to- 

subject to the C""'™"^,^^^ '' ;'>;/"';tf„''"^;/",h,^^ pic which he feared would one day prostrate the liberty 
should not trouble the H°^„^ ^j lepeat.ng no« « hat , P^^^^ ^„^^,,y_^^ election of a President. Could not 



snOUianuL uuuuit ,.„v, i.— .. -.■ .-i--- o -. . i ■ f ,l,p rnnntrv- 

>!,> bnfl advanced at the comnaencement of the session in : 01 inecounm r -.,.,,• . 

he n^V'r ■,„»„♦ nf a select committee- but he ' the consideration of anv question, referring to the mter- 

favor of the »PP°'"'"^^"t of a selecj^omm^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^ be entered upon, but it must be to^ 

called upon ?^." '•^'^^.l^.^nrt Vlea'lnrefer;^^^^^ put this man into office, and that man out? Could nx» 

of the Committee "^ :\''>!„^"^Jf ;J",^ Hhe atUt^ question of any kind be disposed of with a calm impar- 

!^whLttSatTuestionLd S^res mfdt^'the H*^^^ t'.al judgment? He should deeply regret if any gen- 

;rr t^ :roritTeT'i"hlirX:r;i'd iipt ^e the eleCon^f thl man or that. Hecould not possibly 



subject. But this was not the' object for which lie had 
risen— the present question had not come upon him un- 



__e how it could have any thing to do with the matter. 
Whv must this be made a political question at this time 
more than at any other? Did the gentlemen from Geor- 



expectedly-he ^ad been aware befoi^ejiee^ter^^^^^^^ glasuppose that the progress^of purification would be 
^eT-^Ud.T:dThlttlekt«^^^^^^^^ »t -r f--*^». P—^^ consideration. 



l6Si] 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. 



SI 



would cease to operate? If, while the present incum- 
bent occupied the Presidential chair, the Bank question 
must of necessity have a political aspect, «as it to be 
supposed, that two years hence, when there were two 
or more g'entlemen, candidates for that situation, the 
discussion of it would be any more disinterested? No ! 
cried Mr. McD., it is the imperfection of man that pre- 
sents the difficulty; and until that shall cease, the gen- 
tleman from Gcorg"ia will never t^et out of it. The 
President and Directors of the mother Bank had been 
governed, not by political or party motives, in pre- 
senting this memorial, but by the obligation under 
which they lay, no tonly to the stockholders, but to the 
Government of the United States. What would be the 
effect of refusing to renew the charter, or to act upon 
the subject, till two years, or till a single year before its 
expiration? Could the gentleman from Georgia have 
reflected upon the consequences? That Bank had given 
a credit of §50,000,000 to the people of the United 
States. What did he suppose must be the effect of 
suddenly withdrawing that credit' Its effect, not only 
to the individuals to whom the credit had been given, 
but to all others connected with them? It would be 
nothing short of utter desoLation. AVhether the charter 
were to be granted or refused, tlie House was hound in 
every view of the subject to act upon it now, and to 
act definitely. A period of four years was not more 
than was indispensably requisite to wind up the con- 
cerns of such an institution. If the consideration of the 
subject at this time was necessarily attended with any 
embarrassment, he should regret it; but still he must 
hold the great leading interests of the country to be par- 
amount to all political and party considerations. If it 
was in the power of jcntleraen to discard all such feel- 
ings in considering the great question to which this me- 
morial referred he earnestly hoped that it might be 
done. 

Mr. Cambreleng, of New York, said that he heartily 
joined in the wisli just expressed by the gentlemaii from 
South Carolina, (Mr. McDutlie,) that the subject 
might be approached without any thing like political 
excitement: but that gentleman and himself must live 
farbeyond the ordinary length of man's l.fc, if they ever 
Kved to see that question separated from party consi- 
derations. If his recollection did not very much de- 
ceive him, that gentleman, in the beginning of the ses- 
sion, had expressly said that the Bank question would 
sleep in his committee throughout the residue of the 
session. 

Here Mr. McDuffie interposed, and said th.at the gen- 
tleman had entirely misunderstood him — that he had 
never made any such a-ssertiou. 

Mr. Cambreleng said he stood corrected. He concur- 
red with the gentleman, that the subject ought to be 
met; but he hoped that in considering it, the House 
would deliberate long, and reflect maturely. They 
would thoroughly examine the great question, whether 
any Bank in tlie country could have the power to issue 
a currency from all its branches in every part of the 
country — payable nowhere. 

Here Mr. McDuffie was about to interpose, when 
Mr. Cambreleng said he was not going to enter into the 
merits of the general question; but had arisen for the 
purpose of suggesting to the gentlemen from Georgia, 
(Mr Wayne,) not to move to lay this memorial on the | 
table. He was for himself willing and ready to meet 
the subject. He wished also to make an appeal to the I 
gentleman from Soutli Carolina, (Mr. McDsffie,) whe- 
ther he would persist in his motion to refer the memo- I 
rial tothe committee of Ways and Means, seeing that if 
it should go to a select committee that gentlemen s 
would occupy in such committee the same st.ation he 
held in the standing committee to which he belonged, ' 
and whetlwr he would not consent tkatthe subject of re- 
chartering the Bank, should goto a select committee, [ 
as it had heretofore done. He had joined with that 
Jl'cntleman in referring so much of the mcwage as re- ' 



j lated to this subject, to the committee of Ways and 
Means. But, the consideration of a memorial which 
' would require the whole subject to be sfted tothe very 
bottom, was, of itself, sufficient to occupy a committee 
during the whole session of congress. The committee 
; of Ways and Means was charged with the revenue and 
finances of the country, and could not give it that atten- 
I tion which it required. He therefore suggested to the 
p^C'tleman from ^outh Carolina, whether he ought not, 
m justice to others as well as to himself, to move the 
reference of the memorial to a select committee. 

Mr. McDuffie replieel, that to do so would not be to 
comply with the order of proceeding in the House, inas- 
much as the subject appropriately belongs tothe com- 
mittee on Finance. 

Mr. Cambreleng, thereupon, moved that the memo- 
rial be referred to a select committee. 

Mr. CoL-LTEn, of Pennsylvania, said that he had not 
been so fortunate as the gentleman from Georgia, [Mr. 
Wayne] inasmuch as he had not heard that such a me- 
morial was this day to be presented to the House, and 
the only reason he felt any particular interest, as to the 
disposition of it wa.s, that many of the petitioners resid- 
ed within the St;ite from which he came. He had the 
same interest in the general subject with other citizens 
of the country. What was the subjectbeforethe House? 
A petition had been presented from a number of highly 
respectable citizens on a subject vitally interesting to the 
nation. Hadthey not a right to address this House? Had 
they approached it with an address upon a hght and 
frholous subject? A subject improper to occupy the 
atTention of the legislative body' No. It was a subject 
which claimed the attention not only of that House, but 
of the whole Union. A subject which must undergo the 
action of the Legislature, at some period not far distant. 
.\nd how was it proposed to treat these citizens' If he 
had not misunderstood the gentleman from Georgia, that 
gentleman had proposed that these citizens, together 
I with the subject on which they petitioned, should be 
contemptuously thrown under the table, and that on the 
I ground that it was a subject not fit .at this time, to occu- 
[ py the attention of the representatives of the United 
I States What were the reasons advanced in support of 
this position' Why, th.at the subject of the petition par- 
j took of a party character, or, that the prcsent:ition of the 
j petition was connected with certain other political move- 
I ments in the country' This might be a good reason with 
I the gentleman from Georgia, as he very possibly was in 
I the secrets of the party that had met at Baltimore; but 
as for himself he was not He stood on that floor asa 
I representative of the people — prepared to act on the 
subjects which in that capacity might be brought before 
1 him. He was governed by no such considerations — he 
I knew of no connexion of the memorial with any party 
: or other proceedings at Baltimore. A\l he knew was 
that the petitioners resided in the state of Pennsylvania; 
tliat they had a right to present the memorial, and had 
acted properly in doing so, and a mere allegation that 
I the paper was connected with political movements at 
Baltimore, formed no reason why he should not exercise 
the responsibility which h.ad been committed to him. It 
had been s.aid that the Bank question always would be 
connected with the politics of the countr}-. If that was 
true, it w.as an'objcction tluit would apply equally at all 
times. But such w.as not his view of llic subject He 
hoped that the gi-eat experiment of a represcntatire 
government had not so completely failed, that a Legisla- 
tive Assembly could not pronounce upon a great sub- 
ject, connected with the interests of the countrj-, with- 
out being governed by predilections for men, and by 
feehngfs of mere party politics. The moment he should 
be compelled to believe that, he should conclude that 
the great republican experiment had failed; for it was 
the same to him whetlicr a despot on the throne domi- 
neered over the country, or some demagogue who issued 
his proclamations, from a committee room, orclsewhere, 
controlled public opinion, und ruled the country. If 



32 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. 



[JiJTFiBT 



great questions of national policy were to be settled on 
the paltry politics of the day, or by a mere preference 
for individuals, the people ought to know it. It was be- 
cause he believed that the House was capable of decid- 
ing- such a question as this of the- Bank, on purely na- 
tional principles, that he believed that the present 
memorial ought to receive the action of that "House. — 
He should not enter upon any considerations which 
touched the merits of the question, he would only say, 
in g-eneral, that the paper before the House was a re-, 
spectful petition on a subject every way fit for the action 
of the House, and ought to receive its action. Were 
gentlemen to be deterred from the consideration of the 
memorial, by such reasons as had been offered by the 
gentleman from Georgia? He hoped that every man 
who felt in Ws own bosom higher and nobler principles 
of action than that gentlemenhad alluded to, wo\ddnot 
be deterred from the discharge of his duty; that the man 
who stood there as a Representative of the people, and 
felt that he was worthy so to stand, would act in such a 
manner as to show that he was above the reach of such 
motives- Let liim suppose that this house was to b.e 
wrested from the course of duty and patriotism, and per- 
verted and debased into a mere party machine, what, 
he a.sked, would be the most direct mode of accomplish- 
ing such an end.' 

He knew of none more directly calculated to effect 
it than that which had been now pursued by the gdUe- 
man from Georgia. If any gentleman on that floor 
choose to become the trumpeter to blow the rally of 
party, he might perhaps, succeed in carrying a portiflh 
of the House with him; yet he must still believe that 
House capable, in spite of all such efforts, of deciding 
national questions on national principles. He had no 
idea that the gentleman from Georgia intended to rally 
ap.artv; but whatever were the gentleman's intentions, 
such alone could be the effect of his remarks; nor could 
he have devised a fitter mode to effect such an object. 
He had no doubt the gentleman really felt all tire boding 
fears he had expressed, but he could not but consider 
them as entirely premature. As to the committee to 
which the memorial might be sent, it was to him a mat- 
ter of no verv great consequence. The onlychfference 
between sending it to a select committee, and sending 
it to the committee of Ways and Means, is this — that in 
the committee of Ways and Means, he had the utmost 
confidence, but he might not feel quite as much in a se- 
lect committee. 

He saw no reason why the subject should not take 
tlie same course which it had hitherto done. The com- 
mittee of Ways and means was raised expressly to con- 
sider questions connected with the revenue; and he ask- 
ed whether this subject did not n.aturally connect itself 
with the duties of such a committee? None could 
doubt it. From the days of Alexander Hamilton until 
that day, they h.ad been closely connected — so closely 
that, to use the eloquent expression of the gentleman 
from South Carolina, the one might be called the body 
and the other the soul. Why should not the memorial 
go to the committee of Ways and Means? It belonged 
to that committee by the rules of the House, and it had 
always been refen-ed to them as a preparatory step. 
Whv should it not be now? He could see no valid rea- 
son. It had, to be sure, been objected that that com- 
mittee had already expressed an opinion on the general 
subject. Very true; and that was the very reason why 
he wished to send it there. It was parliamentary to re- 
fer subjects to committeeswhose views were favourable, 
and should not a great question, on which the wisest 
statesmen of the country had bestowed their thoughts, 
and expressed their opinion, go to a committee whose 
views were in its favor, when matters of the most trival 
moment were subject to th.atrule. The object in that 
very proper parhamentary rule was that a measure pro- 
posed might be presented in the most favorable manner 
— ^that it might, so to speak, have a fair chance; and, in 
the language of the books on parliamentary law, that it 



might not be committed to a nurse who would be sure to 
strangle it. He did not wish to see this memorial stran- 
gled. He wished it to go to a committee where it would 
receive the consideration which it merited, in order th.<t 
it might afterwards receive the judgment of the House, 
unprejudiced and fairi; expressed. 

Mr. ArpLETox said that the subject-matter of the pe- 
tition was one of the deepest interest to the community. 
It was most intimately connected with the commercial 
interest, but not exclusively so. Every class and every 
section of the country were interested in the question 
whether the charter of the Bank of the United States 
should be renewed He thonght that the importance of 
the interest involved made it proper that the petition 
should be referred to a select committee, who would 
give to the subject their undivided attention. The ap- 
propriate duties of the committee of Ways and Means 
jiad reference to the finances of the countiy, which 
were certainly connected to a certain degree with this 
institution — but, in his opinion, its bearing on the gen- 
eral prosperity was a matter of greater and paramount 
interest. Its relation to a sound cuiTcncy involved, per- 
haps, the most importiuit question in our whole internal 
policy. He supposed there was no doubt that, whether 
referred to the committee of Ways and Means, or to a 
select committee, according to all the principles usually 
adopted in the appointment of committees, a report 
would be made in favor of renewing the charter. But 
it was of the utmost importance that a careful and tho- 
rough examination should be had, whether some modi- 
fications of the existing charter should not be made on 
its renewal; and what should be the terms and conditions. 
He believed it to be susceptible of improvement, and 
hoped a committee would be appointed who would ex- 
amine the subject thoroughly, uninfluenced, if possible, 
by party considerations, which certainly ought not to be 
connected with this subject. 

The debate was further continued, by short speech- 
es, from the following gentlemen: — Messrs. Archer and 
Mercer, of A''irginia; Ingtrsoll, of Connecticut; Carson, 
of N. Carolina; Wilde, of Georgia; Mitchell, of S. Caro) 
hna; Root, of New York; Dearborn, of Massachusetts; 
Cambreleng, of New York; C. C. Johnson, of Virginia; 
Howard, of M.aryland; Foster, of Georgia; Jenifer, of 
Maryland; Huntington, of Connecticut; Wayne, of Geor- 
gia; Sutherland, of Pennsylvania; Cai-son, of N. Caro 
lina; Elsworth, of Connecticut; Hoffman, of New York. 

Before the debate arrived at this stage, the usual hour 
of adjournment had arrived, and a motion was made, 
and negatived, to adjourn. 

The main question was then put (Mr. Davis having 
withdrawn his motion to refer the memorial to a com- 
mittee of the whole on the state of the Union) upon the 
reference of the memorial to tlie committee of Ways 
and Means, and decided by yeas and nays. 

So the memorial was refeiTcd to the committtee of 
Wavs and Means. Yeas— 100. Nays — 90. 



PORT OF rillLADELPHIA, 1831. 

Arrivals — Coastwise, - - 3,206 

Foreign, - . - 396 



Total, 



3.602 



New tonnage. 
Launched, 



5 Ships, 
4 Brigs, 
7 Schooners, 
10 Sloops, 



Tons, 3,525 51.95 



Printed evei) SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F. GED- 
DES, No. 9 Librnry Street. Pliila.lelpliia; where, and at the PUB- 
LIGATION OFFICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE second door 6aek 
of the Post Oflice,(froiit rooml lubscript'.uns will be ihankrull; r»- 
ceived. Price FIVE DOLLARS per aiij-im, payable annually 
by subscribers residing in or near the city, or where there is ao 
agent. Other subscribers pay in advance. 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DEVOTED TO THE PRKSEKV 



EVEKT KIND OF USEFDL INFORMATIOH BE9P£CTtHO THE STATE. 



EDITED BY SAJIUEL HAZARD. 



VOL. IX.-NO. 3. PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY 2l, 1832. IVO 212. 



COLUMBIA AND PHILADELPHIA RAIL-UOAD. 

Repobt of Jous Bahber, Scperintemdest. 
To the Canal Comnnsshners: 

Gestlf.mex: — Since my report made lo the board on 
the 4th December of the prcceding^, all the \Vork which 
was then under contract upon tbe Columbia and Phila- 
adelphia rail-way has been completed. These contracts 
embraced the road formation, mechanical and inciden- 
tal work upon twenty and a half miles of ra.l-way, ex- 
tendings eastward from the head of the plane at Colum- 
bia, and twenty miles extending westward from the 
Schuylkill river. The above forty and a half miles 
were authorized by the act of 24tb March, 1828, and 
put under contract in January 1829, and comprises 
that p;u-t of the line, upon a portion of which, the con- 
struction of the railing- is now contracted for. 

Abstract No. 1, will show that the amount of moneys 
disbursed upon this portion of the line, during the pre- 
sent year, has been «^60,508 55; of which.sum S10,554 96 
was paid on balances and retained per centage due on 
final estimates, for work done prior to the date of my 
last report. 

Having, in my larious reports to the board, given 
them an exhibit in detail, of the several works connect- 
ed with these divisions of the rail-way, it remains neces- 
sary only, at this time, to show the aggregate amount of 
moneys expended on the same. The whole amount of 
moneys paid upon this part of the work, for preparing 
the road bed, and for all other matters, is three hun- 
dred thirty-seven thousand, seven hundred sixty three 
dollars, four cents; and the amount settled and in pro- 
gress of settlement, at the accountant department, is 
correspondent with that sum. The disbursements, un- 
der their several heads, will, however, more satisfactori- 
ly appear in abstract No. 2, annexed to this report. 

A quantity of rubble stone has been excavated, and 
remains upon different sections of the road; arrange- 
ments have been made with the contractors for laying 
down the rails, to >ise all that is fit for the purpose, of 
that materi;d, in filling in the trenches and stoning the 
horse path. It will be estimated to them at a fair valua- 
tion, and the commonwealth will receive a credit tlicrc- 
for in the settlement of these contracts. 

The contracts for new work, authorized by the act 
of 21st March last, were principally signed in the i 
month of M;iy. The allotments were made under 
the immediate superintendence of the canal board, on 

S reposals received on the 11th and 18lh of May, at 
iQwningtown and Columbia. In June, the line \vas 
put into active operation, and tlie first estimates were 
paid in the early part of July. The contracts above 
referred to, embrace the graduation, mechanical and 
incidental work Upon those portions of the line not , 
heretofore authorized; and which are comprised with- 
in the following limits, to wit: First, the inclined plane [ 
section, commencing at the canal basin in Columbia, j 
and extending to the head of the plane, a distance of | 
one mile twenty-seven and a half chains. The next 
in order is termed tlie middle division, commencing at 
the western end of section No. 22. north of the village i 
of I'lradise, in Lancaster count)-, extending a distance ' 
of thirty-six miles thirty-eight ch»ins to, and including | 
Vot. IX. 5 



the 59th section; ending at a point dil^ctly south of the 
Warren tavern, in Chester county. And the third di. 
vision is that which extends from the foot of the inclined 
plane westerly on the side of the Schuylkill river, fol- 
lowing in part the line of the old Union canal, and ter- 
minating at the corner of Broad and Vine streets, in 
Ph ladclphia; embracing a distance of three miles twen- 
ty-four chains. Making the whole distance now under 
contract, for road formation, forty-one miles nine and 
a half chains; and which, when added to that part al- 
ready completed, gives the whole extent of the Colum- 
bia and Philadelphia rail-way, from the out-let locks at 
the basin in Columbi;i, to its termination aforesaid, eigh- 
ty-one and about a half miles, or 81 523. 1000. 

The new contracts entered info for excavation and 
embankments have been prosecuted with great energyj 
and a large amount of tlie heavy work is executed- 
Section No 30, extending through tlie gap of the Mine 
ridge, .at the highest point of which, there is a cutting 
of thirty-seven feet, is the only one which presents any 
formidable difficulties, and is the only section not now 
j in the hands of the original contractors; this section ha- 
ving been re-let under proposals received on the 2d 
Septembci- last. The greatest obstacle presented in 
the prosecution of this work, is the quicksands which 
' appear within a few feet of the surface throughout its 
! whole extent. But the contractors feel confident they 
[ will be enabled to overcome these difficulties, and com- 
plete their contract in due season — They have about 
one hundred men employed at the present time. The 
inclined plane section at Columbia, has also progressed 
with vigour. The excavation in the deepest part is 
thirty-three feet, and is estimated to contain 67,000 
cube yards; the removal of nearly one half of which, 
by the next estimate d.ay, will have been effected. On 
the division cast of the Schuylkill, a large force has also 
been employed — and only for a large amount of rock 
which has appeared at two points upon the line, this 
portion of tlie road formation might have now been 
completed. It is fully expected however, that it will 
be finished by the first if J,anu.arj'. The m.asonr)' of the 
culverts is in a forward st.ate, on twenty-four, some of 
which are of large span and great length; final estimates 
have been settled, and the payments of the next esti- 
mates will reduce to few' in number, all that are now 
in operation. Of the larger bridges, that across the 
Pequea creek will in a few weeks be completed — the 
hiasonry is finished and the superstructure raised. This 
is a beautiful work) and reflects much credit upon the 
contractors. The bridges ovei' east and west Brandy- 
wine and Valley creeks, are not so far advanced, al- 
though a considerable amount of the masonry has been 
executed; the winter months will be employed in ga- 
thering the material, and a vigorous prosecution of these 
.structures may be expected in the spring. I regret 
that I cannot report so favourably upon the work done 
at the bridge across the Schuylkill; operations under 
this contract however, ar<S being prosecuted at the pre- 
sent time with great energj'. A coffer dam has been 
sunk within a few days at the foundation of one of the 
piers, and sufiicient stone of a superior quality got 
out, to raise the masonn.' to high water mark; a steam 
engine is ready on the spot, to be used in pumping out 
the water, as soon a.s the coflTer dam shall be secured 



34 



COLUMBIA AND PHILADELPHIA RAIL-ROAD. 



[jiSOiB* 



and made tight — and the contractors are determined up- 
on working- nig-ht and day until the masonry of this pier 
is so far advanced as to be out of the reacli of high wa- 
ter of the spring- freshets. In fact, this work is now go- 
ing on under favourable circumstances, more so" than 
might have been expected, from the lateness of the 
season in wliich it w.as commenced; and setting aside 
unforseen obstacles, I feel confident the superstructure 
of the bridge will be placed upon tjie piers bv the 
first of November of -tlie next year; and that it w'ill be 
entirely finished and made passable in a short lime af- 
terwards. And although some chfRcultv was experi- 
enced in getting this important structure under con- 
tract, }et am I satisfied under all the circumstances, that 
the commonwealth have lost nothing- by the delay. 1 
have just had an intimation from the engineer attendant 
on that work, that if tlie weather should prove at all fa 
vourable, two more of the coffer dams will immediately 
be sunk. 

Thirty-two and a haf miles of sing'e track -way of 
the i-ailing is now under contract, as follows: twenty 
miles on the eastern and twelve and a half miles on the 
western end. The first ten miles commencing at the 
corner of Broad and Mne streets, has been let to a 
company under the plan of a continuous line of stone 
sills, plated with flat iron bars. A distance of nearly 
two miles of the siUs are embedded, upon which the 
contractors are now fi.xing the iron plating. This ope- 
ration, together with stoning the hoi-se-path, will be 
completed m a few days: a temporary wooden raihng 
intersecting the permanent track, at' the foot of the 
plane, is also in progress of construction, which, when 
completed, will greatly facilitate the work; in giving 
the contractors an opportunity of more readily trans- 
porting on rail-way cars, along the line, the heavy ma- 
terial of which the rail-way is composed. The seven 
miles of this contract, west of the Schuylkill, can be 
finished by the first of May, and that portion on the 
eastern side, bj- the first of June — which, for the latter, 
■would be as early as prudence would dictate, that the 
permanent railing should be laid on embankments 
lyliich have so rec.ntly been constructed. About 6,000 
lineal feet of stone sills are now at the landings ready to 
be hauled out — calculated to lay down 3,000 feet more 
of the track, and arrangements have been made with the 
company for the delivery, as long as the weather will 
permit, of 600 feet perdaj-. 

The other ten miles of the eastern division was also 
originally let to one company, under the Liverpool and 
Manchester plan, of using stone blocks and iron edge 
rails. The contract for this work, was, for a time, pro- 
secuted with spirit, and a considerable amount of mate- 
rial was collected upon the line— but the contractors 
having, about the 1st of October, -n-ithdrawn tlieir for- 
ces, It was declared abandoned and re-let again on the 
28th of that month, in two separate parcels o"f five miles 
each The work is now rapidly advancing, and it is 
confidently expected this ten miles wiU be completed 
by the first of May. At which time it may be expected 
that a continuous Hne from the west side of the Schuyl- 
kill to the Paoli tavern, a distance of seventeen miles of 
single track-way, will be entirely completed. As re- 
gards the twelve and a half miles of single track rail- 
ing, which was put under contract eft the ISth May, on 
the western division, the first contractors completely 
laded in procuring stone of a quality suit.able for its con- 
stmctjon, under the stone sill plan. Tnesi; contracts 
were declared abandoned, and on the llth July the 
work was let under the block and edge rail plan The 
first 6i miles from the plane, was again declared aban- 
doned, and re-let on the 25th October. The other six 
mJes commencing at the Conestoga bridge and pro- 
gressing towards Columbia, has gone on vigoroush-- ma- 
terials have been deposited on the ground sufficent for 
laying down about three miles of the single track; and 
the iron edge raUs, none of which description has yet 
amVBd, IS only wantmg to complete a large portion of 



this contract; and the same obser^'ation as regards the 
other portions of the line upon the same plan, may be 
made. Both the contracts on tliis division can be cofti- 
pleted by the first of May. 

Every contract upon the line, excepting a few of 
those recently entered into under the letting of the 3d 
instant, is now in active operation, and the work rapid- 
ly going on. 

If an appropriation should be made by the legislature 
at their coming session, which would warrant puttings 
the residue of the railing under contract next spring, the 
whole of the line can be finished with double tracks, 
engines and every other fixture, in the most permanent 
manner, ready to go into full operation in two years 
from the present time. A large portion of the line hoW' 
ever, yielding a very considerable revenue, will be in 
operation in the early part of the next summer. And 
although it would doubtless be an object of great im- 
portance with the board to have this line of the public 
works completed at the earliest possible period, in or- 
der that it might yield to the state an interest somewhat 
proportionable to the monies expended, yet there are 
other considerations which in my view ought not to 
be overlooked — time ought to be allowed for the con- 
struction of these works, sufficient to have them execu- 
ted in a permanent and substantial manner. 

Under authority contained in a resolution of the 
board, dated at Northumberland on the 25th June last, 
I entered into contract witli two responsible shippings 
houses in Philadelphia, for furnishing from England, 
agreeably to the specifications and patterns of the en- 
gineer, the requisite quantity of malleable iron edge 
rails and flat bars, with the necessary fixtures for laying- 
down the same, on so much of the single track-way as 
is now under contract. Orders for this iron went out 
to Liverpool by the first packet which sailed, and ar- 
rangements for the manufacture have been made under 
very favorable circumstances. One hundred and seven- 
ty-five tons of the flat bars have within a few days arri- 
ved, and further shipments are shortly expected. 

The conti-acts entered into for these materials will 
amount to one hundred twenty thousand dollars. And as 
the contractors in their agreement have stipulated to 
purchase tile iron at cash prices in England, it will be 
fair to consider so much of the specific appropriation to 
this division, in addition to what has already been paid 
on other contracts, as expended, inasmuch as the -ft'hole 
amount of tlie iron will have to be paid on its arrival 
here. 

Tabular statements, showing the progress of new 
work now under contract, the report and statement of 
the principal engineer upon the line, together with aU 
other information required of me by the acts of assem- 
bly or by resolutions of the board, will be herewith 
transmitted. 

By reference to abstract No. 3, annexed to this re - 
port, it will be seen that of the specific appropriation 
to this line, there has been drawn from the treasury by 
me two hundred twenty-four thousand dollars; and that 
the amount settled and in progress of settlement at the 
accountant department, is two hundred ten thousand 
seven hunrlred and four dollars twenty-three cents. 
Leaving a balance in my hands, deducting six thousand 
thirty -six dollars and two cents, paid to engineers and 
others on account, of seven thousand two hundred fifty- 
nine dollars seventy cents, applicable to the payments 
on estimates which in a few days will be due. 

All of which is most respectfully submitted. 

JNO. BARBER, 

Superinlendeni. 

Columbia and Philadelphia rail-way office, > 
Columbia, Nov. 25th, 1831. 5 

ABSTRACT, No. 1. 

Amount dra'(yn from the treasury on old Ivork, inci- 



1832.] 



COLUMBIA AND PHILADELPHIA RAIL-ROAD. 



35 



dental and engineering expenses, and disbursed during 
the present year, $6J,5u8 65 

Under the following heads, to wit: 
On sections, $18,456 07 

On bridges, 17, 1 10 90 

On miseellaneous, 4,731 32 

On engineering, 8cc, 2,508 22 

On fencing, 7,097 18 

On damages, 50 00 



In addition to which the sum 
of ^^0,554 96 was paid on 
balances and retained per 
centage due on final esti- 
mates for work done prior 
to the date of last year's 



$49,953 69 



statement. 



$10,554 96 



$60,508 65 



No 2. 



The following abstract exhibit? the amount of money 
drawn from the treasury, and disbursed upon contracts 
on the old line of rail-way, since its commencement. 
Amount drawn from the treasury, and ap- 
propriated to payment of contracts on 
old line of rail-way, $337,763 04 

Paid vs folluwi. 
Road formation, $170,909 55 

Mechanical work, 96,961 39 

Fencing, 34,742 84 

Repairs and incidental work, 8,2j9 95 
Engineering, 24,769 83 

Damages, 575 29 

Expenses, 1,544 18 



$337,763 04 

No. 3. 

Amount drawn from treasury, for the 

payment of contracts made under act of 

21st March last, on Columbia and Plul- 

adelphia rail-way, $224,000 00 

Disbursed as follows, per vouchers filed 

in auditing department: 
On sections, $131,172 73 

Bridges and culverts, 53,920 34 

Laving rails, 15,780 00 

Fencing, 802 00 

Engineering, 8,393 00 

Expenses, 636 16 

$210,704 23 
Temporar)' and other re- 
ceipts not yet settled, 6,036 02 
Balance due commonwealth in 
my hands for future dis- 
bursements, 7,259 75 



$224,000 00 



Repout op Jobs Wilsos, E.toixF.in. 

Phihddpliia, Aov. 11, 1831. 

Sir — In compliance witli the requisition of the se- 
cretary to the canal commissioners, tliat I should furnish 
you With such tletails from the engineer department, .is 
would cnrU)le you in your annual report, to give a full 
and satisfactory exhibit of the work upon the Columbia 
and Philadelpbia rail-road, I herewith transmit you a 
table of all the work now under contract upon tlie line, 
from returns made up to November 1st. 

This document is divided into four compartments. 
The first exhibits the length of each section ofro.id for- 
mation, and the amount expended for cxcav.ations and 
embankments, with tl\e probable cost of the imfinished 
work. The second is appropriated to tlic culverts. 



ThB-third to bridges, and the fourth to the rail way su- 
perstructure. 

The graduation and masonry upon the whole of the 
middle division have been prosecuted with vigour. That 
portion of the road formation from Schuylkill river to 
Broad and Vine streets, is expected to be finished about 
tlie latter part of next month. This would have been 
accomplished at an earher period, but a greater quanti- 
ty of rock appeared in the deep cuttings tlian was an- 
ticipated. The most important cuh erts upon the line will 
be constructed before the season for masonry closes. 
By the last return there were twenty-eight completed; 
of the remaining twenty, such as were in progress will 
be finally estimated before the end of this month. Of 
the five principal bridges, the one over Pequea 
creek, will soon be finished: the masonry of those over 
Brandywine and Valley creeks, is considerably advanc- 
ed. The contractors are collecting materials and prepa- 
ring a coffer dam for one ot the wiers of .Schuylkill 
bridge. The lateness of the season when this work 
was re-let to the present coutraetoi-s, will only enable 
them to be in readiness to prosecute it with vigour in 
the spring. 

The contract for laying a single track with grsi- 
nite sills, upon ten miles west from Philadelphia, 
has not progressed with that rapidity which was desi- 
red. The transportation of siicii heavy materials can 
only be effected when the roads are in good order; 
when we shall liave received the iron bars for complet- 
ing that portion of the road already prepared for it, the 
work will then go on with greater f icility. The same 
difficulty exists in prosecuting the contracts upon the 
remaining twenty-two miles; we expect, however, in 
the course of this winter to have the whole of the mate- 
rials in readiness, so that when the edge rails arrive, 
there will be nothing wanting to complete the present 
contracts. 

In referring to the tabular statement of the cost of 
the work, it will exhibit a greater amount than has been 
estimated in former reports. This is caused by substi- 
tuting in every case (where materials were convenient 
for the purpose,) stone ai-ches instead of wooden 
bridges, and by increasing the embankments and dimi- 
nishing the size of the bridges, where wooden super- 
structures were neeessaiy. We have also incurred 
considerable expense by enlarging our former curves, 
and rendering the line as str.aight as practieuble. 

Having thus given you all the information required of 
me, I trust you will be enabled to present to the board 
a full and satisfactory repoi-t. 

I remain very respectfully vours, 

■ JOHN WILSON, 

John Barbel', Esq. supetintfcndent, Co-? 
lumbia and Philadelphia rail-road. 3 

Estimate or Cost. 

Philadtlphia, JVW. 8, 1831. 

DsAii Srn — In answer to your communication of tha 
3d inst. I will thank you to lay before the board the fol- 
lowing, for their information. 

. In the present stiite of tlie contracts for completing 
the superstructure of the i-ail-road, it is difficult to form 
an accurate estimate of what would be the entire cost 
of completing the line between 1'hil.tdelphia and Co- 
himbia, with double tracks. The deficiency of mate- 
rials, particularly stone suitable for blocks, on l)Oth the 
eastern and western divisions of the road, has enhanced 
the cost of constj-uction considerably beyond what will 
be incurred on otlicr portions of the fine; I except, 
however, the present contnict prices for laying ways 
with granite sills: they are lower tlian would be again 
offered for any future contract, as no such material can 
be obtained within any reasonable distance of the rail- 
way, westward of the limit of Robinson, Can- Si Co's. 
contract. The next item involved in the calculation of 
an estimate, is the cost of the iron. Wc are hourly ex- 



36 



THE JUDICIARY SYSTEM. 



[Jaxtabt 



pectjng the arrival of 100 tons of flat bars, which were 
ihipped from England, on the 14th September, and it 
is uncertain when we may expect any portion of the 
edge rails. The prices for either will, therefore, in the 
estimate, only approximate to the truth. 

I will now give the cost per mile, of each of the pre- 
sent contracts, assuming the price for bar iron at $52 per 
ton in Robinson & Go's, division, and the others at $62 
per ton. 

Miles. Per single trncJc. Double. 

9 81 Robinson & Co. $9,042 97i S18,0a5 95 

5 Provest, (new contract,) 9,443 22 18,8f-:6 44 

5 McCartney, do. 8,740 32 17*480 64 

Sl9 ^A Stewart & Co. do. 8,741 82 17,483 64 

t ^* Fielding, 7,976 82 15,953 64 

31 95.100 miles. 

Without deducting any thing from these last portions 
of the line for materials delivered under former con- 
tracts at less prices, I shall estimate the 31 95.100 miles 
of single track, as equal to 15 975.1000 miles of double 
track, the cost of which will amount to S2S1,386 77. 
The remaining 64 206. 1000 miles, I have estimated at 
815,644 04. 100 per mile of double way. In the latter 
estimate, blocks are charged at 40 cents each; broken 
itone, (the state furnishing a large portion of the mate- 
rial,) at 80 cents per perch, digging trenches, drilling 
and laying, at 50 cents per yard (double line,) horse- 
path $250, and iron at ^4,364 02. The following is the 
result. 
Miles. 

15 975, present contracts, $ 281,386 77 

64 206, not contracted for, 1,004,441 23 

1 .354, bridges, wood plates, 5,000 00 

81 535, add for steam engines, and occa- 
sional tenants, 45,000 00 



Total amount, $1,335,828 00 

A single track constructed with wooden string pieces 
and sleepers, in a substantial manner for the 64 miles will 
cost J3U5,074. Should the board require any further 
information on the above subject, you wiU please to in- 
form me of it. 

I am respectfully your obedient servant, 

JOHN WILSON. 
The New Castle and Frenchtown rail-road company, 
have been so obliging as to loan the state twenty-five 
tons bar iron, which we are now preparingto lay on the 
granite sills. The want of iron has retarded our whole 
operations. 

Estimate of Cost. 

Fhiladelphia, Nov. 12, 1831. 
Deab Sib — In answer to your favour of the 10th, I 
request you to state to the board, that the estimate of 
the whole cost of the Philadelphia and Columbia rail- 
way, when completely finished for use, which I now 
submit, can only be considered as an appro.^imation to 
the truth. It may exceed the actual expenditure or it 
may be less. 
The whole road formation from the basin 

at Columbia to Broad and Vine streets, g961,292 21 
Amount of superstructure — iron and stone 
being the material used for construc- 
tion, 1,335,828 00 



§2,297,120 21 
I am respectfully. 

Your obedient serv't. 

JOHN WILSON. 
F. B. SirosK, Esd. 

P. S. By the end of the next week, the first mile of 
granite way from the head of the plane at Schuylkill, 
will be ready for the transportation of our materials. 
The inclined plane will also be ready shortly after. 



THE JUDICIARY SYSTEM. 

Se:sate Chambeh, Jan. 2d, 1831. 
Messrs. Hnmillon & Sun. — It is nov.- generally admit- 
ted that there are defects in the present organization of 
the judiciary, which require legislative enactment. Va- 
rious plans have been proposed, none of wh ch have hi- 
therto been adopted. The bill passed at the last session 
by the Senate, was believed by many to contain a system 
which was liable to as few exceptions, as any that had 
been proposed. The following letter I received from a 
judge of high standing in one of the western districts, 
which, though it differs in detail somewhat from the 
bill before refeiTed to, agrees in the main with it. I 
offer no apology for requesting you to publish an extract 
from it. It is a subject on which tlie members as well 
as the public desire information. It is quite evident 
that the learned judge has reflected maturely on the 
subject, and has communicated information well worthy 
of an attentive consideration. 

A Member of the Senate. 

Extract of a letter, dated, December 20th, 1831. 

I have read the Governor's Message, in which I ob- 
serve he again adverts to the state of the Judiciary, and 
intimates the necessity of some change to give it more 
efficiency. For a long time I have thought that some- 
thing must be done. The question is, what modifica- 
tion of the present plan will relieve from the dehiy, em- 
barrassment and d'ffintlly in the administration of the 
laws, ov \\\i-iiX vreferabk system can be devised.'' If an 
entire new organ'zntion should be thought necessary, 
let it be done I am sure the Judges would acquiesce 
sooner than remain exposed to reiterated complaints 
from the people. But, possibly, the present an'ange- 
ment might be in some degree altered, so as to remove 
the evils that exist. I have reflected a great deal on the 
subject, and think it practicable to make a very desira- 
ble improvement, without increasing the public expense. 
One principal cause of all the mischief and inconve- 
nience that prevails, is the present mode in which the 
state is divided into districts, witli local judges. This 
has made special courts necessary, and at length induced 
a recoui-se to circuit courts, an expedient that has totally 
failed to effect the good intended. 

The intercourse of a Judge, in the circle where he 
moves in private life, is like that of other men. He has 
friends and enemies. He is therefore exposed to the 
imputation of partiality or prejudice. The people have 
no opportunity of making comparisons, which perhaps, 
might often remove their distrust and dissatisfaction. 
The judge himself has nolhing to rouse a spirit of 
emulation. I can point out many objections to the 
present arrangement; but my design at present is, not 
to trace the causes of well founded complaint, but to 
suggest a plan by which I think they may be (measura- 
bly) removed. Allow me, therefore, to repeat the out- 
hne of a modification of our present judiciary organiza- 
tion, which is calculated, in my opinion, to introduce a 
beneficial change in legal administration. There is 
great inequality now in the distribution of judicial labor. 
The Judges of the Supreme Court have duties imposed 
entirelv too arduous. In the inferior courts, in many of 
the districts, the business cannot be done. Litigation 
is usually, in some proportion to the population and 
trade of any district or place. In the division that now 
exists, there does not appear to have been any reference 
to these considerations. In some districts there is a. 
great extent of territory, with a very sparse population 
and little business — the principal labor of the judge is 
riding from county to county, for which his mileage is 
some compensation. In others, the population is denae 
and the territory small. The judge sits a long time in 
each count}', and his mileage does not pay his expenses, 
An inspection of the table I present will illustrate this. 

There are at present seventeen ^stricts, composed as 
follows; 



1832.] 



JUDICIARY SYSTEM. 



37 



1 Philadelphia city and county, with a population of 
188,961, Edward King-, President. 
There is a District coiiit, and the Supreme court 
has original jurisdiction. 

2. Lancaster and York, (district court also) 119,216, 

Walter Fninklin. 

3. Berks, Northampton and Lehigh, 114,890, Garrick 

Mallery. 

4. Huntingdon, Mifflin, Centre and Clearfield, 72,256, 

Thomas Burnside. 

5. Allegheny, (alone) 50,506, Charles Shaler. 

6. Erie,Crawford,Venango and Warren, 46,745 Henry 

Shippen. 

7. Bucks and Montgomerj', 85,144, John Fox. 

8. Northumberland, Lycoming, Union and Columbia, 

76,603, Seth Chapman. 

9. Cumberland, Adams and Perry, 64,854, John Reed. 

10. Westmoreland, Indiana, Armstrong and Cambria, 

77,355, John Young. 

11. Luzerne, \> ayne and Pike, 39,810, David Scott. 

12. Dauphin, Lebanon, Schuylkill and Juniata, 66,632, 

Calvin Blythe. 

13. Susquehanna, Bradford, Tioga, M'Kean and Potter, 

48,242, Edward Hcrrick. 

14. Washingftn, Fayette and Greene, 90,125, Thomas 

H. Baird. 

15. Chester and Delaware, 68,269, Isaac Darlington. 

16. Franklin, Bedford and Somerset, 77,080, Alexander 

Thompson. 

17. Beaver, ISutlerand Mercer, 58,620, John Bredin. 

I propose to do away the present division, and to erect 
five circuits, embracing the whole state, (except Phila- 
delphia city and county) in tlie following manner, viz: 

Population. Agg. Pop. Pres'l. Judges. 
Lancaster 76,558 

York 42,653 Walter Franklin. 

Chester 50,9;j8 

Delaware 19,350 Isaac Darlington . 

Bucks 45,740 

Montgomery 39,404 — 272,629 John Fox. 

(The greatest population — but there is a District 
Court. ) 

2d Circuit, including 
Berks 53,357 

Northampton 39,-67 Garrick Mallerj-. 

Lehigh 22,266 

Dauphin 25,503 

Lebanon 20,546 

Schuylkill 2u,783 Calvin Blythe. 

Juniata 

Northumberland 18,163 , 
Union 20,749 

Columbia 20,069—240,688 Seth Chapman. 

3d Circuit, including 
Luzerne 27,304 

Wayne 7,663 David Scott. 

Pike 4,843 

Susquehanna 16,777 

Lycoming 17,637 

Bradford 19,669 Edward Herrick. 

Tioga 9,052 

Potter and M'Kean 2,704 
Jeffenon 2,225 

Warren 4,706 

Venango 9,128 

Crawford 16,005 

Erie 16,906—167,629 Henry Shippen. 

This circuit has the least population, but the greatest 
extent of territory. 

4th Circuit, Including 
Frankhn 35,103 

Bedford 24,506 Alex. Thompson. 

Somerset 17,441 

CumberUnd 29,218 

Adams 21,379 

Perry 14,257 John Kocd. 



Huntingdon 27,159 

•Mifflin 21,529 

Centre 18,765 

Clearfield 4, 8u3— 214,190 Thomas Burnside. 

• The county of Juniata has been struck off from 
Mifflin and attached to Judge Blythe's district, I include 
it therefore in the 2d circuit — it will increase the popu- 
lation of the 2d circuit and lessen that of the 4th . 

5th circuit, including 
Allegheny, 50,506 Charles Shaler. 

Beaver, 24,206 

Butler, 14,6t!3 John Bredin. 

Mercer, 19,731 

Westmoreland, 38,4U0 

Indiana, 14,250 

Armstrong, 17,625 John Young. 

Washington, 42,860 

Favette, 29,287 

Greene, 18,028—264,576 Th. H. Baird. 

This circuit has a greater population than any other 
except the first, in which there is a district court I pro- 
pose that there should be also a district court in Alle- 
gheny, and as there are four judges in this circuit, tliis 
can be done without any increase of expense, either by 
commissioning one of them for that special purpose, or 
by requiring them to alternate in holding that court. 

' My plan is this: Let there be four terms in the year 
as at present. 'Let two terms, at intervals of six months, 
be assigned for the trial of issues of fact in Common 
Pleas and cases in the Oyer and Terminer. At each of 
these terms one of the president judges shall attend, and 
they shall so alternate in the performance of their judi. 
cial duties, that no one shall preside in the same county 
twice in succession unless with the consent of the bar in 
writing. At the other two terms the associate judges 
will hold the ordinary quarter sessions and dispose of 
the mere routine of motions, rules, &c. in the Common 
Pleas, Orphans' Court, Ecc, and also try indictments for 
petty offences. All cases of magnitude or importance, 
to be upon appt'c-ition continued until the next terra, 
when one of the presidents may be present. The c urts 
for the tri;il of issues of fact to be prolonged in the dis. 
cretion of the judges until the causes are all disposed of. 
There sh;ill be one court every year in each county, at 
which the president judges in the circuit will a// attend. 
At tli!s term all law questions shall be deliberately heard 
and determined Motions for new trial, demurrers, &c. 
&c. and all matters resened or continued from the quar- 
terly courts. There will be no jury, and therefore no 
additional expense to the public^ arguments can be 
heard and considered, free from tlie hurry and bustle of 
a jury court. The sitting of this court in bank to be ar- 
ranged. so as to allow a writ of errorto the supreme court 
without delay. It is believed that when the three law 
judges concur, there will be few writs of error. 

The present division of districts to be done away. 
Each of the judges to have equal powci's and Jurisdic^ 
tion with the others witliin the circuit. Every tiling 
like hca/, exclusive jurisdiction, to be abolishe<L The 
process issued, returnable to every term, to be tested m 
the name of tlie judge who last presided. And at the 
courts in bank in each county, tliat judge to preside 
who last lield the court for tri.-U by jury in that county. 
The niles for practice to be formed by the three judges, 
and to be uniform throughout the circuiC 

Special courts and circuit courts to be abolished. But 
that there may be confidence and stability in the adju- 
dication of the appellate court in the last resort, I pro- 
pose to revise with certain motlifications the high court 
of errors and appeals, to be composed of the judges of 
the supreme court, and one president from each circuit, 
in alternation. This court to be held once a ye.ar at 
Harrisburg. No appeal to this final tribunal to be al- 
lowed, except in cases where the judges of the supreme 
court have divided in opinion. 1 his high court also to 
have power to make, adjust and alter the rules of prac- 
tice in the several circuits, so as to cflect uniformity and 



3S 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[JiSTAKT 



efficiency. This is a brief outline of the proposed mo- 
dification. JIany important particulars will be embraced 
in the details, if the plan should be adopted. 

Allow me now to sug-g-est some of the advantages that 
I anticipate from the chang-e I offer: and 

1st. It will afford to e\ery suiter an opportunity of 
having his cause tried by a judg'e who is neither inter- 
ested in the court nor the question; and towards whom 
he has neither paitiality nor prejudice. — It will there- 
fore, 

2d. Make special coui-ts and circuit courts unneces- 
sary, for both these expedients have originated from the 
objections of parties to their several judges. 

3d. More business will be done. I have no hesitation 
in saying that a greater number of causes can be tried at 
the two terms proposed than are now at four. The time 
of the court will not be taken up, nor tlieir attention in- 
terrupted (as at present) with motions, rules, and all tlie 
vast variety of concerns tl^at render our juiy courts a 
scene of confusion and turmoil. Besides, it will be 
found that many cases will be slated for hearing and de- 
liberation by the three judges at tlieirterm in bank. 

4th. It will afford time to examine legal questions, 
whichnow have to be decided (often without argument) 
in all the hurry of a jury court. The judge may reason 
points, or his opinion delivered to the jmy may be re- 
examined before the coiu-t in bank, upon a motion for 
new trial. Should the other judg"es sustain, it is proba- 
ble that in most cases the losing partv M"ould acquiesce. 

5th It would excite a laudable emulation in the judges 
by their present'ug" them before the people in a situation 
for fair comparison and estimate. 

6th. It would relieve the supreme court from a part 
of theii- present onerous charge, and would afford them 
leisure for study and reflection. 

7th. It would introduce uniformity in the practice of 
the courts. 

8th. Last, but not least, it will not increase the pub- 
lic burthen. I have seen a project which proposes the 
appointment of circuit judges, &c. &c. The expense 
of this plan will be enormous, and I fear the people, 
with such a weight of debt upon them, will not be wil- 
ling' to encounter such an experiment. If judges are 
appointed, and thus drawn from other pursuits in life, 
they cannot with propriety be dismissed. The plan of- 
fered in the petition I have seen, is very doubtful as to 
its practical efficiency. '1 he one I submit is at all events 
safe: the experiment will cost nothing, it makes no se- 
rious change or derangement in the order of things. If 
it should be unsuccessful, tlie matter may be placed" in 
statu quo, or some other plan adopted, when tlie people 
may be more willing to meet the expense. 

I submitted last year something of the kind I now of- 
fer. The memorandum I have mislaid or lost.- The 
general idea, however, is in my memorj-, and I have 
given you the outline. If you think it contains any 
hint that may be useful, please to have it presented to 
the committee who may have the matter in charge. 

I am altogether opposed to the plan proposed in cer- 
tain petitions that have been put into circulation. It is 
expensive, complex, and I conceive nut likely to be effi- 
cient. The precise operation I cannot entirely com- 
prehend. I am anxious that something should be done, 
but I do not wish to increase the public expense, nor 
add to the labour of the district judges, unless it is clear 
that there will be advantage. — Hurrishurg Chronicle, 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 

THuRSD.ty, January 12th, 1832. 
SELECT COUNCIL.— Mr. Johnson presented the 
following petition, which was refeiTcd to the Paving 
committee. 

To the Select and Common Councils of the City of Phila- 
delphia. 
The petition of the undersigned citizens respectfully 
eboweth, that your petitioners labor under great incon- 



venience from the immense body of water thaj; is thrown 
into South street, between Fifth and .Sixth streets, from 
the adjoining streets and alleys, which in the winter 
season collects large bodies of ice, to the great injury 
of the inhabitants, and danger and inconvenience of 
passengers. Also much expense is incurred by the 
Corporation in employing men to cut out the ice so as 
to prevent in some measure, the water from overflowing 
the foot pavement into tlie Houses, on the north side of 
said street. Your petitioners therefore most respectful- 
ly request your honorable body to cause the South 
street sewer to be extended from its present termina- 
tion above Fifth street to the upper side of Sixth street, 
which in the opinion of your petitioners will remedy the 
evil they seriously complain of; and your petitioners 
will ever pray, 8cc. 

Pliiladelphia, Dec. 26, 1831. 

Mr. Worrell presented the annexed communication 
from Mr. Conrad, -which was referred to a special com- 
mittee, and Messrs.WoiTcll, Johnson, Sexton and Moss, 
w-ere appointed the committte. 

To the Select and Common Councils of the City of Phila- 
delphiii. 
Gentlemen — The petition of the subscriber respectful- 
ly represents that he is the o-w-ner of certain property- 
located in Second, north of Arch street, known by the 
name of Conrad's Court, and containing twelve three 
storied dwelling houses; that your petitioner consider- 
ing it but justice, that the said Court should be lighted at 
the public expense, made application to the Commission- 
ers for tliat purpose, -\vho very politely attended to the 
request, but considering it would be transcending their 
power, referred me to Councils for autliority to do so, 
your petitioner therefore begs that Councils would 
appoint a committee to examme the premises and to 
direct the lighting of said Court, the lamps for which 
are already up, and your petitioner will &.c. 

Mattbew Cosbad. 
Philadelphia, January 10th, 1832. 
The undersigned citizens of the city of Philadelphia, 
residing in the immmedlate neighborhood of the above 
named propert}-, fully persuaded of the necessity of 
having said (Jourt lighted, not only as to the immediate 
benefit to inhabitants of said Court, but as a general 
security, most respectfully recommend to the immediate 
attention of your honorable bodies the prayer of the 
petitionei', requesting that the same may be granted. 
The following communications from the City Commis- 
sioners and City Clerk, were received, and referred ta 
the committe of accounts. 

CiTT Clerk's Offici;, "> 
January 12Ui, 1832. $ 
To the President and Members of the Select Council. 
Gentlemen — The City Clerk respectfully lays before 
Council a printed statement of receipts for permits for 
placing building materials, and for entries of hackney 
coaches, sleighs, carts, drays and wheel-barrows, to- 
gether with a statement of his payments to the City 
'treasurer during the fourth quarter of 1831, 
Respectfully submitted, 

Robert H. Smith, City Clerk. 

City Commissiosers' Office, "i 

January 12, 1832. 5 

To the President and Memlers of the Select Council. 

Gentlemen — The City Commissioners respectfully 

lay before Councils printed statements of their expendi^ 

tures during the last quarter of 1831, together with 

statements of tlie cost of paving the several streets, 

receipts for market rents, and miscellaneous receipts 

during that period. 

Respectfully submitted. 
By order of the City Commissioners, 

Robert H. Smith, City Clerk. 
The annexed letter from the Mayor of the City, 
enclosing the following statement from the Executors 
of the late Stephen Girard was received, and referred 
to the committee on said legacy. 



1831] 



PROCEEDINGS OK COUNCILS. 



39 



M»Toii's Orrrcr, "> 

January 12tli, 1832. S 
Tu tilt President of lite Select and Common Councils. 
Gentlemen — I enclose a further communication from 
the Executors of the late Mr. Girard, referring to a second 
schedule of re.il estate devised to the city and to certain 
considerations connected with a portion thereof; all of 
which is respectfully submitted, 

Very respectfully, Yours, 

B. W. KlCBARDS, 

TENANTS AND HOUSES. 

ASNDAI. liEXTS. 

John Myers, No. 164 south Second street, $505 00 

F. Uusar, No. I62i do. 505 00 

J. R. Lejee, No. 162 do. 505 00 

James Day, No. 160J do. 505 00 

J. Cowpland, corner of Union & Comptroller St. 305 00 
Jacob Beck, No 5 Comptroller street, 255 00 

Eldridgc, No. 3 do. 255 00 

Ishi Craven, corner of Spruce & Comptroller St. 305 00 



J. B. Freeman, No. 12 Comptroller street. 



205 00 
205 00 
205 00 
205 00 
205 00 
205 00 
405 00 



H. Billinfrton, No. 10 do. 

Wm. S. Eastwick, No. 8 do. 
J. N. Daniel, No. 6 do. 

L. Mignard, No. 4 do. 

M. MouiUe, No. 2 do. 

W. R. Thompson, No. 66 Spruce street, 
Not finished. No. do. 

Do. No. do. 

Do. No. do. 

Do. No. do. 

Do. No. do. 

F. H. Wolf, No. 1 Harmony street, 
Edward Leeds, No. 2 do. 
Wm. Cowpland, No. 3 do. 
J. C. Kayser No. 70 south Third street, 

G. Weber, No. 68 do. 
Jonathan Alden, No. 46 do. 
C. Bray, No. 44 do. 
L- Veron & Co. 100 rhesnut street. 
Hob 8c Winebrenner, No. Iu2 do. 
A. Russell & Co. No. 104 do. 
Jlrs. Hughes, No. 161 do. 
Lewis Teese, No. 161 do. 
L. J. Levy, No. 163 do. 
S. Marshall, No 15 south Third street, 
Thomas Sully, No 1 1 do. 

Vacant, No. 5 south Twelfth street. 
Do. No. 3 do. 

Dr. J. Y. Clark, corner Twelfth & Market st. 
Rev. A. Barnes, No. 1 south Eleventh street, 
Wm. Reed, No. 3 do. 

G. W. Edwards, No. 5 do. 
Samuel Jcanes, No. 21 north Front street. 

No. 25 do. 

No. 27 do. 

No. 29 an'I 3 1 do. 
Wm. Kester, corner of Jones alley & Front st. 400 00 
Back buildinp of do. 100 00 

Mrs. Allen, No. Jones' alley, 72 00 

Geo. Bowden, No. do. 72 00 

J. GiUmorc, No. 17 do. 120 00 

J. Travilla,No. 19 do. 125 00 

P. Dwyer.No. do. 172 00 



225 


00 


215 


00 


205 


00 


705 


00 


605 


00 


455 


00 


455 


00 


1605 


00 


18u5 


00 


1605 


00 


605 


00 


600 


00 


1205 


00 


450 


00 


665 


00 


708 


00 


505 


00 


505 


00 


505 


00 


400 


00 



257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


257 


50 


90 00 


900 


00 



Nagle & Trautwine, No 24 north Water street, 48 00 
J. Scattergood, ferry house. No. 9 north M ater 
■ street, bar room in store on the wharf (late 

liickley's) and slip, 1200 CO 

R. Brooks, counting room, in do. 100 00 

J. Fcnton, sail loft in do. 165 00 

Moff.it & Killion, 2 rooms in do. 25 J 00 

f. Comly, one roomin do ,it 810 per month, 120 00 
M. \Veavcr& Son, one do. in do.atSlOpermo. 120 00 

A. Atkinson, No. Schriver's Court, 165 00 
Mrs, Lehman, No. 56 north Eighth street, 2J5 00 
J. Hand, first floor of .No. 7 north wharves, 1000 00 

Upper part of do. vacant. 
First floor. No. 11 north whar\es, occupied by 

S.G. 
Upper part of do. vacant. 
No. 12 north wharves, occupied by S. G. 
No. 13 do. do. do. 

No. 26 north Water street and cellar do. 
No. ^8 do. do do. 

No. 2/9 Coatcs street, (vacant.) 
P. Carpenter, No. 21 1 Coates street, 
Joseph Smith, No. 213 do. 

B. E. Carpenter, No. 215 do. 
O. Parrv, No. 217 do. 

C. F. Folwcll, No. 219 do. 
J. A. Elkinton, No. 221 do. 
John Bossier. No. 223 do. 
J. A. Barclay, No. 225 do. 
Mrs. Ruschcnbcrger, No. 227 do. 
J. H. Connell, No 229 do. 
Jesse Roberts, No. 231 from 15th December, 
Richard Foulke, No. 233 from 26th October, 

No 235 vacant, 
J. Cozrens, N. W. corner of Coates 8c Sixth st, 

D. JIayland, dairy farm, Movamensing, 
Phi'ladilphia. Jnn. 12, 1S32. 

Sib: — The executors of tiie will of Stephen Girard, 
late of this city, deceased, respectfully transmit through 
you, to the Select and Common Councils, a second list 
of certain Real Estate, situate in the county of Philadel- 
phia, constituting a part cf the residuary estate, which 
passed ui'dcr the devise to the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
citizens of Philadelphia. 

In relation to that part of the said real estate, which 
tlie testator devoted to the purposes of a College for 
White Male Orphans, namely the forty-five acres of 
land, situate in Pcnn Township, the executors deem it 
their duty to make to Councils at the present time, these 
representations: In order to render the entire scite of 
the College as secure and :ts free fiom .all intrusion as 
possible, and also to give the orphans an ample space for 
exercise, and agricultural and mechanical pursuits for 
instruction and recreation, the tcsl.ator designed that 
there should bca stone wall around the whole premises, 
and not a brick wall as specified in his will in relation 
to his city square; to tliis end he caused a quarry on tlie 
said premises to be worked, in order to provide stone 
for the intended wall, and of that part of the wall in 
front of the Ridge Road he made arrangements for early 
construction. 'Ihese circumstances are st-atcd under an 
impression that the intentions of the testator will be 
carried into execution, in these p.ar'iculars; but chiefly 
to call the prompt attention of Councils to the impor- 
I tance of an early attention to the premises referred to, 
J. G Harkcr & Co. No. 20 north Front street, 1600 00 : in connexion wiUi the streets, whicli it may be proposed 
"""'"' ' 1600 00 ] to open in Pcnn Township, tjirough any part of tile said 

3000 00 I forty-five acres. 

The executors anxiously hope that Councils will seek 
550 00 and obtiiin the pass;ige of such a law as shall prevent 
400 00 the opening of any street through tlie premises referred 
450 00 I to: .and they persuade themselves, that, in a matter so 
desirable by the test;itor, and so important to the com- 
2000 00 , munity, opposition from no quarter will be met with, 
800 00 ' now especially .i-s some of tlie streets, which it might be 
1000 00 { proposed to open, arc alrcadv interrupted b^■ the East- 
300 00 i em Pcnitcntiarv. 



H, C. Corbit, No. 22 do 

Gill, Ford Sc Co. Nos. 24 & 26 do. 
No. 28 do. 

J. Robinson, No. 29 north Water street, 
D. Vicers, No. 27 do. 

S. V. Anderson & son. No. 25 A^ 
S. Girard's dwelling. No. 23 do. 
S. Comlv, Nos. 13 & 15 do. 

Do. ' No. 11 do. 

Do. No. 9 north whanes, 
M. Weaver & Son, No 20 north iV'ater street, 



40 



1»H0CEEDtNGS OF COUNCILS, 



Ji,>rDiBt 



Any explanation required will be given, if in the 
power of the executors. Respectfully, 

TIMOTHY PAXSON, 
THOS. P COPE, 
JOSEPH ROBERTS, 
W. J. DUANE, 
JOHN A. BARCLAY. 
B. W. Richards, Esq. Mayor of Philadelphia. 

SCHEDULE 
Of Lands in Passj-unlt, Moyamensing', and Penn 
Townships, in the County of Philadelphia, belonging- to 
the late Stephen Glrard. 

Acres per. 
O. Plantation in Passyunk township, Philadel- 
phia county, containing in 2 tracts on oppo- 
site sides of the road, 70 135 

P. Tract or piece of land in Passyunk township, 

bought of A Shitzline, containing 5 131 

Q. Tract of land in Pass)-unk townsliip,bought 

of David Lentz, containing 4 65 

R. Tract of land in Passj-unk township, bought 

of J. Lentner, ' 7 130 

S. Two pieces of meadow ground in Moyamen- 
sing township, one of them 23 acres 86 
perches, and the other 16 acres 139 perches, 
bought of R. H. Wilcocks, 40 65 

T. Five lots of land in Passj-unk township, . 
bought of E. Gaulbert, four of them, to wit: 
6 acres 107 perches, 1 acre 7 perches, 3 acres 
110 perches, and 7 acres 40 perches, toge- 
ther IS acres 104 perches, and the 5th lot, 
being a landing on SchuylkUl, contents where- 

V.of not mentioned, 18 104 

U. Tract of land in Passjiink township, late 
estate of Chi-istianDeshong, deceased,bought 
at Sheriff's sale, -- 8 80 

Messuage and piece of ground in Passj-unk 
township, late Messmer's, containing 1 50 

W. Messuage and tract of land on Schuylkill, 
in Passyunk township, bought of Benedict 
Dorsey," 24 00 

X. Three contiguous tracts of land in Passyunk 
township, bought of Anna Catharine Pritchett, 
containing in all 28 53 

Y. Tract of land in Passyunk township, bought 
of John Hopkins and Willet Smith, executors 
' &c. of William Ferguson deceased, contain- 
ing 7 114 

Also, deed from John Field to S. G. for 9 147 

(including the above paid for twice) leaving 2 S3 

Z. Messuage and three contiguous lots of ground 
in Passjiink township, bought of Margaret 
Lodge, administratrix of John Lodge, de- 
ceased, containing 18 00 

FF. Two adjoii'ing pieces of meadow ground 
in Moyamensing, bought of Geo. Tallman, 
containing 6 acres 110 perches and 1 acre 40 
perches, together, 7 150 

GG. Two lots of ground in Passj-unk township, 
one of them containing 5 acres 40 perches, 
the other being a landing on Schuylkill, 
bought of George Sheeler, 5 40 

II. One lot of land ill Moyamensing, bought of 

John AVagner and wife, containing 13 00 

KK. Two lots of land in Passyunk township, late 
Hargesheimer's, 5 acres 90 perches, and 4 
acres ^5 perches, together, 9 115 

LL. Adot of land in Passyunk township, late 

Philip Young's, deceased, containing 22 12 

>DI. Sundry lots of land in Passyunk township, 
called the Schuylkill Point meadows, late 
Lawrence Seckel's, bought at Sheriff's sale, 108 70 

NN. Two lots of land in Moyamensing, bought 
of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 11 acres 85 
perches and 7 acres 94 perches, 19 19 

CO. A lot of land in Passyunk Township and 



a water lot on Schuylkill, bought of Geo. 

Hoffner, Containing 
PP. A lot of land in Passyunk, adjoining the 

Schuylkill Point meadows, bought of Mary 

Muhlenberg, containing 
AQ. Two lots of land in Passyunk, late Law- 
rence Seckel's, bought at Sheriff's sale one 

lot 4 acres 5 perches, the other 16 acres 100 

perches, 
SS. A lot of ground in Moyamensing, bought 

of Richard Renshaw, containing 
TT. A lot of land in Passyunk township, 

bought of the heirs of John Martin Cubler, 

containing 
UU. A lot of land in Passyunk, bought of John 

Long, containing 
BBB. Two lots of meadow land in Moyamen- 
sing, bought of Henry Clymer, one lot 6 54, 

the other 4 10, 
HHH. A lot of land in Passyunk, late F. Voll- 

mer's, bought at Sheriff's sale, containing 
MMM. A lot of land in Passyuuk, bought of 

John K. Helmuth, containing 
WV. Two lots of land and dwelling house in 

Passyunk, late Peter Deshong's, bought at 

Sheriff's sale 
DDOD. A lot of ground in Passyunk, bought 

of the estate of Jona, Fell, containing 
LLLL. A lot of ground with mansion house 

and out buildings in Penn township, bought 

of William Parker and others, called "Peel 

Hall," situate on the Ridge Koad turnpike, 

containing 



4 


33 


4 


00 


20 103 


17 


00 


8 


40 


2 


00 


10 


64 


3 


00 


30 15a 


36 142 


4 


80 



45 00 



Total acres, 610 29 
Jlr. Dpi3fx, from the executors of the late Stephen 
Girard, made the following statement: 
To the Select and Commnn Councils of the City of Phil- 
adelphia. 
The following representation is respectfully made, tof 
the constituted authorities of Philadelphia, by the EzC'' 
cutors of the will of Stephen Girard 

From the will of Stephen Girard, it appears that, ha- 
ving made the city of Philadelphia his residuary devisee/ 
he was anxious that as large an income as possible 
should be derived from his real estate : to effect this ob- 
ject, he decl.ares it to be his intention, that the square 
of ground formed by High and Chesnut, Eleventh and 
Twelfth streets, should be built upon and improved: It 
is not, however, in the will alone, that evidence of the 
testator's anxiety on this subject, is found: relyingupon 
the strength of his constitution, and upon those simple 
habits, which had fostered the bounty of nalvire, he be- 
gan in his eighty-second year, to improve the square 
referred to; and made in relation to this part of his 
estate, such arrangements as it had been his practice to 
make when about to build upon others — he caused the 
numerous trees upon the square to be cut down — he 
caused preparations, now in the state of forwardness, 
for making bricks upon it to be commenced — he pre- 
scribed a general plan, according to which, the entire 
square should be built upon, and a particular plan for 
distinct classes of houses, as to position and dimensions 
— he engaged the services of several superintendents 
and agents, by some of whom work wasbeg^n, and by 
others of whom contracts were entered into — he made 
some contracts for lumber himself, directing the sizes 
according to the dimensions of the houses determined 
upon: but in the midst of these, and other such under- 
takings, the career of the beneficent projector, was ar- 
rested by the hand of death. 

It will be further observed.in the will of the testator, that 
he recommends to his executors to see that his intentionsj 
in relation to his residuary estate, including the square 
above mentioned,should be strictly complied with : 30 that 
the Executors deem it their duty to make known to the 
constituted authorities of Philadelphia, the facts abor« 



iMS.] 



PllOGEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



41 



itated, in order that measures may be taken to prose- 
cute the work, now in part suspended; they take it fo^ 
granted, that the plan of the testator will be adhered to, 
and that those ag'ents in whom he confided, and who 
fully understand his views, will be continued in their oc- 
cupations( because a chani^e, besides being- unj^racious 
in itself, could, they lielieve. have no salutary effect; 
but would, on the contrary, be followed by delay, and 
perhaps by loss and litigation — all of which the testator 
deprecated. 

In saying' this the Executors trust that they do not 
pass the line of duty or propriety: they covet no control, 
and simply say, that it will give them pleasuie to co-op- 
erate with the city authorities in faithfully can-ying the 
testator's intentions into early and efficient execution. 

"With this representation, the executors present a 
plan of the proposed improvement, anda statement, ex- 
planatory of tlie work to be done, as well as of mea- 
sures adopted for its progress and completion. 

TIMOTHY P.\.XSON, 
TIIOS. H. COPE, 
JOSEPH ROHERTS, 
\V. ,T. DUANE, 
JOHN A. BARCLAY. 

Philadelphia, January 12, 1832. 

The plan referred to .ind sent herewith, is marked 
No. 1. 

The description. No. 2. 

The Houses on ChesnUt street, are to be built on the 
front of the lot fifty feet deep. Piazzas eighteen feet 
six inches deep — silting room and kitchen thirty-six 
feet deep, with bath house attached, the house on each 
corner to be seventy five feet deep, and kitchens twen- 
ty-^wo feet deep. Tlie front of the first story to be 
faced with marble agreeable to a model in o\ir posses- 
sion; to be four stories high, marble cornice, copper 
roof, with a sufficient rise to cany off the water, and a 
fancy iron railing at the top on the front and ends re- 
turnmg at the back of the corner houses. 

The houses on the centre street are to recede twenty 
feet from the line of the street, to be four stories high, 
basement houses, the basement story to be entirely 
above the ground, main house to be the width of the 
lot in front, and forty feetdcep— Piazzas seventeen feet 
six inches deep; there is to be a marble wall on the line 
of the street, returning on Eleventh and Twelfth streets, 
also to form a division between the houses with a fancy 
iron railing on said wall. The cornices of these 
houses is intended to be simiLar to those usually put on 
Mr. Girard's houses, copper roof, with an elevation suf- 
ficient to carry off the water. 

'1 he buildings on Market street are intended entirely 
for stores, to be built the width of the lot in front and six- 
ty feet deep, with an area in the rear to give light to the 
cellar; to be foiu- stories high, copper roof, with eleva- 
tion sufficient to carry off the water, cornice to be the 
same as on the houses in the middle street, to be 
made fire proof. 

The whole of the above work to be done with the 
very best materials, and the workmanship done in tlie 
very best manner. 

The following are the names of the workmen employ- 
ed by Mr. Girard to do the above work; 

Joseph Smith, Carpenter 
John Struthers, Marble Mason. 
William Ingraham, Stone Mason. 
John WiUits, Bricklayer. 
Abraham Whetstone, Plasterer. 
Thomas Dou.;,'herty, Carter and iJigger. 
Richard r. Gumming, Copper Smith. 
George Swope, Painter. 
John Scattergood, Carter of Lumber. 
Robert Looney, Plumber. 
Abraham Marple, Lime bvimer. 
Samuel Fox, Brickmaker. 

Mr. Petitt, as chairman of the committee on the re- 
VoL. r^ 6 



vised ordinances, reported an ordinance relative to tha 
cording of wood, which was laid on the table. 

Mr. DuAXE, as chairman of the committee on Gi- 
bard's Legact, made the following report and resolu- 
tions. 

To the Selecland Common Councib of the City of Phila- 
delphia. 

The committee appointed to consider and report 
"What measures ought to be adopted, in order that the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of Phil.-idelphia may 
promptly and faithfully execute the trusts created by the 
Will of the late Stephen Girard," respectfully report: 

That having carefully and dehberately considered the 
matters submitted to them, they have agreed to report 
at present in part by recommending to Councils, the 
adoption of the following preamble and resolutions: 

Whereas, the Executors of the last Will of Stephen 
Girard, deceased, have delivered to the constituted au- 
tliorities of the city of Philadelphia, a rent roll or list of 
certain real estate, in the city and tlie liberties thereof, 
constituting a part of the residuary estate devised by the 
said testator to the Mayor, Aldermen and Citizens of 
Philadelphia, in trust for the uses declared in his Will: 
and whereas, until such permanent arrangements as the 
testator contemplated, shall have been made by the city 
of Philadelphia respecting the devises and bequests of 
the said testator to the said city, it is necessary to adopt 
temporary but efficient measures: therefore. 

Resolved, that the Mayor of the city of Philadelphia 
be, and he is hereby authorised and requested, to take 
charge of the real estate described in the said rentroU, 
or such other rent roll as may be hereafter delivered to 
him, to notify the tenants of such p.arts thereof as are un- 
der rent, of their future li;ibil.ty to the city of Philadel- 
phia — and to let such parts thereof as are now unoccu- 
pied to good and sufficient tenants, on reasonable rents, 
for any term, not exceeding one year. 

Resolved, that the Executors of the late Stephen Gi- 
rard's will,shallbe andthey are hereby authorised, until 
otherwise directed by the constituted authorities of the 
city of Phihadelphiatohold and occupy free of rent such 
parts of the real estate of the said testator, as were in his 
use and occupation, in the prosecution of his business, 
at the time of his decease. 

Resolved, that the city treasurer be and he is hereby 
authorised aud directed, 

First — To receive from the Executors of the last will 
of tlie late Stephen Girard, such deeds and muniments 
of title for the estate deyised to the city of Philadelphia, 
by the said testator as the said Executors shall deliver 
to liim, and to give them receipts for the same in the 
name of the Slay or. Aldermen and citizens of Philadel- 
phia. 

Second — To receive and collect all monies due and 
becoming due to the city of Philadelphia, as rents for 
the real estate described in the above mentioned rent 
roll, or such other rent roll as may be hereafter deliver- 
ed, and to give receipts for the same in the name of the 
Mayor, Aldermen and cilizcnsof Philadelphia. 

Third — To keep in a book or books to be provided 
for the purpose, exact entries of all monies received, so 
that the same may be transferred to such officer or 
Board of Directors as m.ay hereafter^ be appointed to 
have the charge of the Girard Fund. 

Fourtli — I'o deposit in bank, in the names of the 
Mayor and Treasurer of the city of Philadelphia, jointly, 
all such monies as shall be received aforesaid, that thf 
said monies shall be kept distinctly, and not ming'*'! 
with any others, and that they may be transferred to 
those who may be hereafter appointed to have "fie caie 
and custody thereof" 

Mr. DcANE moved to proceed to the consideration of 
the resolutions attached to the report, when Mr Groves 
moved to postpone the consideration for the purpose of 
having them printed— the yeas and nays were called on 
the postponement, and were yeas, Groves, NefT, Pettit 



42 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[JiXPABT 



and Worrell — 4. Nays, Duane, Johnson, Lippincott, 
Massey, Scott and Toland — 6, and so it was lost. The 
resolutions were then adopted by both Councils. 

Mr. DoAKE as chairman of the Watering Committee, 
made the annual report which was ordered to be print- 
ed. 

Mr. JoaxsoN offered the following resolution which 
was adopted. 

Resolved, that the president and clerks of Councils, 
be directed to transmit to the speakers of the senate 
and house of representatives of this commonwealth, cer- 
tified copies of the will of S. G., tog-ether with a letter 
stating- the existence (if a committee upon this subject, 
and the intention of Councils to make further communi- 
cations as soon as they shall have formed an opinion up- 
on tlia character of the Laws which it may be necessary 
to ask for in order to carry the provisions of the will in- 
to effecl. 

The Treasurer made his annual report. 
COMMON COUNCIL.— Mr. OLDENBtrne offered 
the following- resolution, which was adopted by the 
Common Council, but was was laid on the table in the 
Select Council. 

AVhereas, several individuals have at different fmes 
made bequests to the Mayor, Aldermen and citizens of 
Philadelphia, in trust for certain pur.poses, w^hich are 
more particularly expressed in the wills of the several 
testators, amongst whom are Dr. Benjamin Franl.lin, 
John Scott, of Edinburgh; Elias Boudinot, James Wills, 
and recently, Stephen Girard, together with some 
others; and it being- desirable that each member of 
Council should be fully informed on the subject: 

Therefore Resolved, by the Select and Common 
Councils, that the clerks of Councils be, and they are 
hereby directed to hare 300 copies of the Wills, or so 
much thereof, as the city may be interested in, of all the 
individuals except the will of the late Stephen Girard, 
which they are directed to purchase of the edition al- 
ready pubhshed, who have made any bequest to them 
in trust or otherwise, and to have the whole printed in 
pamphlet form, for the use of Councils, and charge the 
expense thereof to appropriation No. 21. 

Mr. CoRNt.Lirs Stevensov, wasunanimouslyre-elect- 
ed Treasurer of the city for the ensuing year. 

Councils adjourned to meet on Saturday evening 
next. 

SATUBnAT, January 14th, 1832. 

SELECT COUNCIL — The following letter from 
the Mayor of the city, enclosing one from the Executors 
of the late Stephen Girard, was received and referred 
to the committee on that fund with power to take coun- 
sel if they think proper. 

M4ron's Officf, 7 
January 14th, 1832.3 
To the President of the Select and Common Councils. 

Gentlemen — I present a third communication from 
the Executors of Stephen Girard, with a further de- 
scription of real estate, and referring to considerations 
connected therewith, all of which is respectfully sub- 
mitted. Very respectfully, Yours, 

B. W. RicHAnrs. 
PHiiABEtPHiA, January 14th, 1832. 

Sir — The Executors of the will of Stephen Girard, 
respectfully present, through you, to the Select and 
Common Councils of this city, a third description of 
•^rtain real estate, of which the testator died seized; 
ana. in order that the destination of a part of that pro- 
V^'^y -may become the subject of consideration, they 
make kivown to Councils the dates of the several 
purchases, m^de by the testator, subsequently to the 
'^'"■epiibhcatiou of his will, namely, the 20th of June, 

Whenever the Executors shall have any other in- 
namwtiOH -which it may be their duty to communicate, 



or which they may suppose the city Councils would 
desire to possess, they wjl furnish it with promptitude 
and pleasure. Respectfulh', 

TIMOTHY PAXSON, 
THOS. P. COPE, 
JOSEPH ROBERTS, 
W. J. DUANE, 
JOHN A. BARCLAY. 
B. W. Richards, Mayor. 
Schedule of the real estate of Stephen Girard, not 
under rent and not heretofore returned to Councils. 
A lot of ground on the east side of Fifth street, be- 
tween Market and Chesnut streets, north of the pro- 
perty occupied by Mr. Sully and south of Mr. Sheaff's 
propert)'. Mr Sully has the use of this lot for a garden. 
A lot of ground back of the property occupied by Mr. 
Sully, and of Mr. Blake's property, entrance to which, 
is under the arch-way. 

A lot of ground on the north side of Jones' alley, on 
which is erected a building used as a carpenter's shop 
by Mr. Joseph Smith; held under a lease during the 
minority of Charles H. Bell at $45 per annum, and the 
taxes. 

Sundry lots of ground in the Northern Liberties and 
Penn township as per plan herewith. 
SCHEDULE 
Of the real estate of Stephen Girard, purchased sub- 
sequent to the 20th June, 1831. ' 

1831. BOLLS. CTS. 

Oct. 5. Two houses and lots on Walnut 
street, between Second and Dock 
streets, Nos. 63 and 65, and one 
house and lot on Dock street. No. 
61, 10,666 67 

Do. 27. A lot of land in Passytinfc town- 
ship, containing 60 acres 87 perch- 
es, per deed of this date, 6,659 81 

Do. 27. A ground rent of $25 60 per 
annum, payable by Philip Smith, 
out of a lot of ground in Spruce 
street between Third and Fourth 
streets, due 25th March and Sep- 
tember, in every year, per deed of 
this date, 569 74 

Do. 27. A house and lot on the north side 
of Coates' street, west of Si.xth 
street, per deed of this date, 3,000 00 

Not. 2. A lot of ground oh the N. E cor- 
ner of Coates' and John streets, per 
deed of this date, 1,800 00 

Do. 4. A house and lot in south TTiird 

street. No. 48, per deed of this date, 12,000 00 
Dec. 1. A messuage and lot of ground in 
Passyunk township, having a front 
on Schuylkill, per deed of this date, 3,000 00 

Do. 21. Stores, wharf and dock in north 
Water street, between Market and 
Arch streets, late Stiles' estate, 
deed dated this day, taken subject 
to a mortgage for §21,000, residue 
paid, 24,222 33 

Do. 26. A lot of ground in Schuylkill 
county, near Mount Carbon, on the- 
river Schuylkill, intended for land- 
ings, per deed dated — instant, 4,500 00 



Deduct, 854 61 

166,419 55 

Mr. DtTAJiE offered the annexed resolution relative to 
the articles of agreement with the commissioners of 
Moyamensing for the supply of Schuylkill water, -which 
was adopted by both Councils. 

Resolved, that the articles of agreement, entered 



183J.] 



MILITARY CONVENTION. 



43 



into on the sixth of January, 1832, between the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Citizens of Philadelphia, of the one part, 
and tlie inUabit;int> of the township of Moyamensing, of 
the other part, be and they are liereby approved of and 
confirmed. 

Mr. Df INK as ch.'iirman of the committee on Wills' 
Legacy, made the following^ report and resolution, 
wh.ch were agreed to. 

The committee appointed on Wills' Leg'acy, report; 
that after mature deliberation, tliey have agreed to the 
plan herewith submitted, as drawn by Thomas U. Wal- 
ter, and are of opinion that it will be most prudent at 
present to erect a central building only to be seventy 
i'eet front, by fifty feet in depth, tli ■ basement story to 
be arched with bricks, the fioor of the first story to be 
elevated seven feet above the pavement, and the ceiling 
fifteen feet in height. The second story to be twelve 
feet, and the whole of the main building to be covered 
with a copper roof The south front to have a piazza 
its whole length, and twelve feet in width. The noi'th 
front to have a portico, as per plan. 

The kitchen, two dining rooms, and other small 
rooms, will be in the basement story. 

The first story will contain a chapel, apartments for 
the keepers, and accommodations for eighteen inmates. 

The second story will contain chambers sufficient to 
accommodate thirty -two inmates. 

The st;iirs throughout to be made of granite, and the 
pilasters of the same material. 

The outside walls to be built of stone and roughcast; 
the partitions to be bricks. 

The whole expense of the building as estimated by 
Jlr. Walter, amounts to sixteen thousand dollars. 

Resolved, tliat the committee be audiorised to make 
contracts to carry the plan into effect as above specified. 

Mr DuANE oflTered the annexed resolution, which 
was adopted. 

Resolved, tliat the Presidents of Councils be and they 
are hereby requested to address letters, one to the 
guardians of the poor, and another to the commI's«inners 
tor erecting buildings for the accommodation of the 
poor, requesting them to furnish to the Select and Com- 
mon Councils ol the city of Philadelphia, a statement of 
the sum expended in constructing the buildings on the 
west side of Schuylkill, andoVtlic sum deemed necessa- 
ry for the completion thereof. 

COMMON COUNCIL.— .Mf. Iloon from the com- 
mittee on markets, made the following report and reso- 
lution which were agreed to. 

The committee on markets, to whom was referred 
the Victuallers' petition, on the 24th Nov. 1831, report, 

I hat they are of opinion that the new ordinances 
which will shortly go into operation, will in a great 
degree, meet the requests of said petitioners, and afford 
them all necessary protection. 

They therefore submit the following resolution: 
r Resolved, that the committee be discharged from the 
further consideration of s.aid petitioners. 

The annexed communication from the trustees of 
Stephen Giiard's bank, w.as received, and referred to 
the committee on that subject. 

PuiLAnKLpnrA, 14th January, 1832. 
James Poge, Esq. I'residciU of llie ('oininun Ciniiicil. 

Sin — I am instructed by the trustees of Stephen 
Girard's bank to inform you, that there are several real 
estates belonging to the estate of Stephen Girard, Esq. 
which stuid on the books of his bank as part of the 
capital stock thereof. That there are circumstances 
connected with some of this property, which in the 
opinion of the Unistees, will require early attention; 
and they respectfully submit to the consideration of 
Councils, the propriety of appointing a committee to 
receive from them such information on the subject as 
the trustees now have it in their power to give. 

I am, with great respect, Robeut Wais, 

Chairman of the Board of Trustee* of S. Girard's Bank. 
PhiUde^hia Gazette. 



PHOCBEDISGS OF TOK 

MILITAUY CONVENIION, 

Wliich assemblnl at Harrisbur^, I'ennsylvania, 
Monduij, Januari/ 2. Ifa3-'. 
The delegates chosen by the (hfTcrent Military Divi- 
sions and Brigades of Pennsylvania, met at the court 
house in Harrisburg on the first Monday of January, 
1832. 

On motion of Mr. Simpson, 
HEXKV FUICK, of Nortliumberland county wai 
called to the chair; and 

On motion of Mr. Franklin, 
Reaii Fkazer, of Lancaster, secretary, for the pur- 
pose of organizing the convention. 
On motion, 
Messrs. Frankhn, Alexander, of Cumberland, Pax- 
ton, Hambright, and Spencer, were appointed a com- 
mittee to examine the credentials of the delegates. 
On motion. 
The Convention adjourned until 12 o'clock, noon. 
At 12 o'clock, the Convention again met. 
Mr. Franklin, from the committee appointed to ex- 
amine the credentials, reported the following hst of 
delegates, viz; 

FIRST nivisroN. 
Cili/ and CiAwly of F/iihidelphla. 
1st Brigade — Cily. Colonels James Page, Joseph S. 
Riley, Henry Simpson. Robert M. Lee,f Robert Coop- 
er, Majors Chalkley Baker, Peter Fritz, Wilham C. 
Bro.>ne,-t- Lieut. George Bumm.f 

2d Brigade — Cuimtij. Cols. John Thompson,! John 
L. Wolf,t A. L. Koumfort,-]- Kenderton Smith, f Majors 
N. Nathans, L. Boraeisler,f Franklin Vansant, Captains 
Joseph Worrell, jr. A. T. Smitli,-!" Lieut. James Good- 
man. 

SECO-tD DIVISION. 

Bucks and A'lun/^nmery. 

1st Bhioatie — Bud.s. Major General W. T. Rogers, 
Cols. John Uavis, Simpson Torbeit, Joseph Hough,t 
I.ieut. Cols. Thomas Purdy, John Hart, Major Stephen 
Brock,t Adj. Michael S. Haney,f Dr. Huston 1 homp- 
son. 

2d Brigade — Munlgomery. Lieut Cols. Thomas M. 
Jolley.t James Bush,t James Christman.f Major John 
H. Sheetz Captain John H. Hill.f Lieuts. William 
Hamell,"!- Wilham Matheys.f William H. Gartley. 

THIRD DIVISION. 

Chfsttr and Deiiware. 
1st. Brigade — Ihlaiuare. Col. Samuel A. Price, 
LieuL John K. Zeilin, J. M. G Lescure, Esq. 

2d Brigade — Clie!,ter. Col. Wm. Harris,f Em. EI- 
ton,t Majors 1 homas Jones. f John KerUn, Ihomas H. 
Pearce.f Lieut. David B. Reed. 

focrtb IlIVISIOX. 

Lancaster. 

Capt. David Miller, Major Frederick Hambright, 

Capt. Wm. Downey, Col. Reah Frazer, Capta John 

Flora.t William G. Vetter,t Lieut Wm. B, Fordney, 

Major John McGlaughlin. 

hfth DIVISION. 
York and .Idams. 
1st. Bbioadi — York. M;ijor3 Hcnrv Snyder, Jacob 
Hantz,t Cols. 1 . N. HaUer,"t John Keller, >Iajor Gra- 
ham, f 

2d Brigade — .$ilams. Col. Michael C. Clarkson, 
Majors .\ndrew G. Miller, Jacob Sanders, Elijah Gar- 
rctson.f 

SIXTH nivisiox. 
Dauphin, Lebanon, Berks and Sc/iuy/kill. 
1st Brigade — Dauphin. Col. W. S. Franklin, Lieut. 
John Blattenberger, Capt. E. W. Roberts. 

2d Brigade — Schuylkill. Major William F. Oesn. 
Berks. Gen. William High, Col. Hemy Boyer, Jobn 
Potteiger, Esq. 

8CVEXTH UlVISIOy. 

Norlhamplon, Lehigh and Pikt. 
l«t BBJoAi>E-pAbr<Aaropton. Brig. Gen. 8him«r,t 



44 



MILITARY CONVENTION. 



[Jaksabt 



Col. Georg-e Weber, Major Robert May Brooke,f Col. 
John Hourteii.f 

2d BiiiGADE.— LM/o-A. Jlajor General John Fogle, 
Major John W. Hornbeck, Col. V\' alter C. Livingston. 

EIGHTH DITISIOX. 

Union, Columbia, Northumberland, Luzerne, Susque- 
hanna and Wayne. '', ^ 
IstBniGADE — Union. Col. Charles M. Straub.'Capt. 
James Merrill. 

Northumberland. Major General Henry Frick, Ma- 
jor Samuel J. Packer. 

Columbia. Col. Joseph Paxton. 
2d. BiiiGADi — Luzerne. Capt. Jacob Druinheller, 
Col, JohnButler.f Lieut. Charles Dorrance.t 

XINTH BIVISIOX. 

Lycoming, Potter, M'Kean, Bradford and TInga. 
1st BniGADE — Lycoming. Gen William B. Mitchell, 
Major Robert Fleming-, Capt. Wm. Piatt. 

TENTH DlVISIOjr. 

Centre, Clearfield, Mifflin and Huntingdon. 

Juniata. Col. Wm. Kirk, Capt. John Murphy, An- 
drew Parker, Charles W. Kelso, Esqs. Major William 
Sharon. 

Huntingdon. Capt. John Criswell, Major David 
McMurtrie, Capts. William Williams, David Snare. 

IstBniGADE — Centre. Brig-. Gen. James Irwin.f Col. 
Col. Andrew G'regg,| Major John Potter, Capt. Saml. 
H. Wilson, Lieut. W. W. Houston, Dr. Constant Cur- 
tin, Capts. George Buchanan, David Duncan. 

Mifflm. Biigadier General George McCullough, Dr. 
Joseph B. Ard, Majors A. S. Wilson,f David Cummins, 
Kichard Miles. 

ELETE»rTH DITISIOIT. 

. Cumberland, Ferry and Franhlin. 

1st Bhigade — Cumberland. General Willis Foulke, 
Captains Samuel Alexander, James M'Gowan,f John 
M'Cartney, Charles .M'Clure, Lieuts Matthew Spencer, 
Edward M. Biddle, Alexander Oliver.t WiUiam S. 
Ramsey, Adjutant John N Gray, Cols. William M. 
Greer, William Stough, Majors Peter Lesher,t Samuel 
Tritt, John M'Candhsh, Captauis Geo. W. Woodburn, 
Samuel Redett. 

Perry. Cols Henry Fetter, Joseph Speck, Major 
William Clark, Lieut. Albert C. liamsey. 

2d Brigade — Franklin. Major Jacolj Heck, Capts. 
Jasper E. Brady, William B. Bard, Cols. John Wallace, 
John M'Geehan. 

TWEEFTH riTISIOK. 

Bedford, Somerset and Cambria. 
IstBniGADE — Bedford. Col. William Compher.Capt. 
Thomas B. M'Ehvee, Lieut WilBam Fletcher.f 

2d Brigade — Cambria. Major Isaac Teeter, Lieut, 
Arnold Downing. 

thirteen'th division. 
TVestmorelund and Fayette. 
1st BRrG.vDE — tVestmoreland. Major John B.Alex- 
ander, Adjutant J. H. Wells, Capts. Morrison Under- 
wood, Hugh Y. Brady, Jacob Gosser, Major Wilson 
Jack,f Capt. Joseph Cook,f Jon. Row,-)- Lieut. L. L. 
Bigelow, Capt. Ben. R. Marchand.-)" 
fourteenth division. 
Washington and Greene. 
Washington. Major General Charles De Hass,-|- Brig. 
General Wallace M'WiUiams, Cols. Thomas Ringland, 
William Patterson, William Waugh, Esq. 

Greene, Cols. William G. Hawkins, Andrew Bucha- 
nan, 

fifteenth DIVISI05-. 

Mlegheny, &c. 

1st Brigade — Allegheny. Gen. R. T. Stewart,| An- 
drew Bayne, Esq 

[Those marked with a dagger (f ) did not take their 
seats in the convention.] 

The roU being called, 83 members answered to their 
names. 

On motion of Mr. M'Elwee, tlie following resolution 
was adopted: 



Resolved, that a committee be appointed, to consist 
of one person from each division, to be chosen by.the 
deleg-ates for each division, in order to report what offi- 
cers are necessary for this convention, and to nominate 
persons to fill them. 
Whereupon, 
The following persons were appointed said committee : 
1st Division, Mr. Page, 

2d " Davis, 

3d " Price, 

4th " Hambright, 

5th " Miller, of Adams, 

6th " Roberts, 

7th " Fogle, 

8th " Paxton, 

9th " . Fleming, 

10th " Wilhams, 

11th " M'Clure, 

12th " Downing, 

13th " Wells, 

14th " M'WiUiams. 

On motion of Mr. Ringland, 
Resolved, that when this convention adjourn, it wiB 
adjourn to meet at 3 o'clock, P. M. 
Adjourned. 

IN THE AFTERNOON. 

On motion of Mr. Fordney, 
Resolved, that the Governor, Heads of Departments 
State Treasurer, Adjutant General, and the Members o 
both branches of the Legislature, be invited to take seat 
within the bar of this convention. 
On motion of Mr. Straub, 
Resolved, that a committee of five be appointed to 
caiTy the preceding resolution into effect. 
Whereupon, 
Messrs. Straub, Page, Fordney, Riley and Brady of 
Franklin, were appointed said committee. 

Mr. Page, from the committee appointed for that 
purpt^sc, reported the following officers for the conven- 
tion. 

President— JOHN B. ALEXANDER, of Westmorel'd. 
Mce Presidents — AVm. B. Mitchell, of Lycoming, 
William Downet, of Lancaster, 
Willis Foclke, of Cumberland, and 
Samuel A.Price, of Delaware. 
Secretaries — Simpson Torbert, of Bucks, and 
Walter S. Franklin, of Dauphin. 
A motion was made. 
That the report of the committee be adopted. 
Which was agreed to unanimously. 
The several officers of the convention then took their 
scats. 

Mr. Davis announced that Dr. Huston Thompson had 
been appointed to supply a vacancy in the delegation 
from the 1st Brigade, 2d Division. 

A resolution was then offered by Mr. Miller, which 
was read as follows: 

Resolved, that no division or county be allowed more 
votes in this convention than their respective votes by 
members in the legislature, but that the members elect- 
ed or nominated and accepted, be allowed seats in the 
convention. 

The chair decided that the resolution was out of order. 
An appe:il from the decision of the chair was made by 
Mr. Miller and Mr. Simpson, and the decision of the 
chair was confirmed by the convention. 
On motion of Mr. Roberts, 
Resolved, that the editors of papers in this place be 
admitted to seats within the bar of this convention. 
On motion of Mr. Alexander, of Cumberland, 
Resolved, that a committee to consist of one from each 
division be appointed to suggest such matters as are 
most deserving of attention from this convention. 
Which was agreed to. 
The following gentlemen were selected by the dele 
gates from each division, as said committee. 



1832.] 



MILITARY CONVENTION. 



45 



1st Division, 


Mr. P-ige, 


2d 


Sheetz, 


3d 


Zeilin, 


4th 


Fordney, 


5th 


Snyder, 


6th " 


Franklin, 


7th 


Weber, 


8th 


Merrill, 


9th 


Fleming', 


10th 


Wilson, 


11th 


Alexander, 


12th 


M'Elwee, 


13th 


Brady, 


14th 


Ringland, 


15th " 


Bayne. 



Amotion was made by Mr. Alexander, of Cumber 
Und, that the convention should sit in uniform. 
Which was not agreed to. 

On motion of Mr. Simpson, 
Resolved, that when this convention adjourns, it will 
adjourn until to-morrow morning at 11 o'clock, A.M. 
Adjourned. 

TUESDAY, Januar}' 3, 1832. 
The convention met, and the roll being called, nine- 
ty-six members answered to their names. 
On motion of Mr. Nathans, 

The following resolution was adopted: 

Eesolved, that the convention adopt for their govern- 
ment, the ndes and regulations adopted by the house 
of representatives of this state. ^ . 

Mr. Riley, from the committee appointed to invite the 
governor, heads of department, state treasurer, and the 
members of the senate and house of representatives, to 
take seats within the b.ar of the convention, reported 
that they h.ad performed that service. 
On motion of Mr.- Miller, of Adams, 

The foregoing committee were instructed to extend 
the invitation to tlie attorney general of the common- 
wealth. 

After some time, the governor, heads of department, 
state treasurer, and attorney general, took their seats. 

A motion was made by Mr. Ramsey and Mr. Wells, 

To reconsider the vote agreeing to the resolution, 
adopting the rules and regulations of the house of re- 
presentatives of this st.ite, for tlie government of the 
convention. 

Which was not agreed to. 

Mr. Page, from the committee on the subject, made 
the following report, in part. 

That inasmuch as it is universally conceded, that the 
present militia system has fallen far short of the grand 
object for which it was established, and has entailed 
much ignominy and disgrace upon our military reputa- 
tion; we deem it expedient that it should be made the 
subject of amendment, reformation or encounigement, 
as will best answer the purpose of reclaiming its charac- 
ter from the obloquy which it has incurred. In an ex- 
amin.ation of the v.irious plans suggested, the committee 
have been actuated by a strong and earnest desire to 
select that which ma_y be the means of adding to the 
strength and character of the state, and of rendering 
the performance of duty on the part of its citizen sol- 
diers a matter of pleasure and pride. 

^f^t authorized by the tenor of the resolution by which 
they were appointed, to do more than draw the atten- 
tion of tlie convention to such matters .as may be neces- 
sary for their examination, they respectfully offer the 
following principles as the basis of a system, to be re- 
commended to the early and serious attention of the le- 
gislature. 

/Vrj<. That the citizens of this commonwealth, lia- 
fcle to militia duty, ought to be divided into two classes. 

Second. Tliat all such citizens (not by law exempt) 
between the ages of twenty -one and twenty-six years, 
ought to compose the first class, and be called the jlciwe 
Militia. 



Third. That this chass only ought to be subject to 
drill, or military duty in time of peace. 

I'iiurlh. That the second class shall be composed of 
all persons liable to militia duty, not embraced within 
the first class, and be called tlie second, or reserved 
class. 

Fifth. That the second class ought not to be required 
to do mihtary duty, except when called forth to execute 
the laws, to suppress insuirections, and to repel inva- 
sions, and tlien such organization ought to be adopted, 
as should unite the two classes into one. 

aixlh. That all parades of ununiformed militia ought 
to be abolished. 

Seventh. I hat the first class be required to uniform 
themselves; that they be furnished with arms and ac- 
coutrements, camp equipage, music, powder, and five 
days rations in each year, and be required to parade for 
drUl and instruction, five days in each year. 

Eifrh/h. The committee, by reason of the peculiar lo- 
cality of the first division, recommend that the convention 
refer to the delegates from that division, to prepare and 
report a system suitable to that division, so far as it is 
necessary the same should vary from the general system. 
1 he first resolution being under consideration, 

A motion was made by Mr. Merrill, 
To postpone the question on the first resolution, for 
the purpose of considering the 8th resolution. 
Which was agreed to; and 

Said resolution was adopted. 
The question recurring on tlie first resolution. 

It was adopted. 
The second resolution being under consideration, 

A motion w.as made by Mr. Miller, of Adams, 
To postpone the fui-thcr consideration of the report, 
for the purpose of considering the following resolution: 
Resolved, that the committee be instructed to report 
a plan, for the better organization and encouragement 
of the present volunteer force, and that they be a sepa- 
rate foice from the enrolled miUtia; aiul that parades of 
the militia be abolished, but they to be enrolled, oflS- 
cered, and chissed for service, if required by any con- 
tingency. 

Which was not agreed to. 

A motion was then made by Mr. Frick, 
To amend the resolution, by stnking out "twenty- 
six," and inserting in lieu thereof "twenty-eight." 
On the question. 
Will the convention agree to the motion? 

A motion was made by Mr. Wilson, 
That the convention now adjourn, to meet this after- 
noon at ;"> o'clock, 

AVliich was agreed to. 

AFTERNOON. 

Captain .lohn Longenccker, and Henry D. Ovcrholt- 
zcr, Esq. having been appointed by the delegates from 
tlie 4th division, to fill the vacancies occasioned by the 
non attendance of Captains Flora and Yetter, appeared 
and took their seats. 

The following resolution was offered by Mr. Staub: 

Resolved, that where vacancies may have occurred, 
by the non-attendance of delegates from any brigade, 
the delegates in attendance have authority to supply 
the vacancy; 

Which was not agreed to. 

The convention resumed the consideration of the 
resolutions attached to the report of the committee ap- 
pointed to suggest to the convention such matters as 
desened their immediate attention. 
1 he question recurring. 

Will the convention agree to the amendment, to 
strike out "twenty-six "and insert "twenty eight." 
It was determined in the negative. 

A motion was then made by Mr. Davis, 

To strike out the words " between tlie ages of twenty- 
one and twenty-six," and inserted in lieu thereof, "ta 
will uniform themselves voluntarily according to law." 



46 



YORK AND MARYLAND RAIL-ROAD 



[jAirD^mx 



On the question, 
Will the convention ag;ree so to amend? 

A motion was made by Mr- Dean, 
To amend the amendment, by adding- thereto the 
following: "And that every such citizen between the 
ages of twenty -one and forty -five, who will not equip 
himself, shall pa)-, a certain sum in lieu thereof for the 
encouragement of volunteers and of the first class of 
militia." 

Which was agreed to. 

'J'he question recurring-, 
Will the convention agree so to amend? 

On motion. 
The convention adjourned. 

I'i'u be Cu/ilinued.'] 



YORK AND >LARYLAND RAIL-ROAD. 

At a meeting of the citizens of the city and county of 
■Philadelphia, held agreeably to pubhc notice, at the 
Disti-lct Court room, on Tuesday, January 17, at 3 
o'clock, p. M. to take into consideration what measures 
ought to be used relative to the York and Maryland 
Line Rail-road Bill, now before the legislature, the fol- 
lowing gentlemen were appointed officers: 

PRESintNT, 

WILLIAM RAWLE, ESq. 
tice-pkesiuexts, 
George N. Bakeb, Richard Palmer, 

Hubert Pattehsoic, Robert ToLAsn.Esq'rs. 

SECRETARIES, ' 

Robert Morris, Wm. M. Meredith, Esq'rs. 

JosiAB Randall, Esq. opened the meeting with per- 
tinent remarks, and inti-oduced the following- preamble 
and resolutions, which were adopted with g-reat cordi- 
ahty. 

The citizens of the city and county of Philadelpliia 
have again assembled in town meeting to offer tlieir re- 
spectful remonstrance against the passage into a law of 
tne bill, now before the legislature, to incorporate the 
York and .Maryland Line Rad-Road Compau)'; we have 
more than once expressed our conviction of its impolicy 
and injustice, our opinions have heretofore been listen- 
ed to by the legislative wisdom of the commonwealth, 
and subsequent experience has confirmed us in the so- 
Ldity of our former objection to this measure. 

The basis upon which the present canal and rail-road 
system of Pennsylvania was originally predicated, was 
to knit together and identify the interests of the eastern 
and western parts of the state by intimate and expedi- 
tious intercourse, and by faciUties afforded to the con- 
veyance of produce; upon no other expectation, it is 
beheved, would this system ever have been adopted, 
and upon its fulfilment was a large portion of the capi- 
tal subscribed, which has since been disbursed in intern- 
al improvement. The contemplated rail-road, so far as 
it shall take eff'ect, will virtually destroy this object; it 
will sever the interests of the eastern and western part 
of this state, it will under all changes and circumstances 
keep them asunder, and at all times present to them sub- 
jects of collision both in feehng and in interest. We 
feel justified in affirming that the plan is not only un- 
wise in itself, but that it is a virtual violation of the so- 
lemn compact upon which our S} stem of internal im- 
provement was originally proposed and adopted. 

The friends of the York and Maryland line r^-road 
have earnestly urged that the proposed route to the 
Maryland line, and from thence to Baltimore, will af- 
ford to the owner of produce a choice of markets. 
Hitherto this has been but a theoretical advantage, it 
is believed that it never can nor will be an advantage 
of much moment; if it ever should be, the proper time 
\rill then have arrived to consider its force and effica- 
cy. The legislature will recognise the justice of legis- 
lating for the whole community; and that when any 



measure may be even comparatively advantageous to 
one portion of the commonwealth, but highly injurious 
to another portion, its policy must be more than doubt- 
ful. The York and Maryland line rail-road may afford 
to the owner of produce residini; north and west of the 
county of York, an additional market, and this adcLtional 
market may in some small degree be an advantage to 
such ow-ner, but it is founded upon a total loss of the 
ti-ade to the whole eastern part of the state, and a seri- 
ous injury to the revenue of the commonwealtli. 

The proposed rail-road will intersect the line of the 
Pennsylvania western communication at the most favor- 
able point in the county of York, and diverging from 
it, will offer to the carrier of produce a gi-eater facility 
to take it to the city of Baltimore than continue on the 
route to the city of Philadelphia. From the point where 
the produce leaves the state, until tlie return commodi- 
ty again reaches it, it is a total loss to the city of Phila- 
phia, the eastern part of the state, and a comparative 
loss to the revenue of the whole commonwealth. We 
lose the tolls in bringing it to Philadelphia, the profit 
and employment attendant upon its ti-ansportation, the 
gain arising from the various modifications of sales, bar- 
ter,and re-sales by auction or retail, within our own state, 
the purchase in the same manner of the return article, and 
the tolls and benefit attendant upon its transportation 
back to the diverging point where the original produce 
was taken, from the limits of our own state. In fact, we lose 
the trade and all its advantages, immediate and remote, 
by our own legislative enactments transfer it to other 
hands, and this evil is only hmited by the extent to 
.J^'hich the proposed rail-road will aff'ord public conve- 
nience. If trade within the state be a benefit, then we 
unvoluntarily authorise that trade to be taken from our- 
selves and delivered to others. 

Such is the result of the matter, so far as regards our 
own citizens; but this is a hmited view of the subject, 
4-5th parts, perhaps 19-20th parts of the trade of Phila- 
delphia, beyond the county of York, proceed from the 
north-western and south-western states and territories; 
and, as to that portion of our trade, this presentation of 
a double market is nothing more than the result of ex- 
pending our resources in enabling our old customers to 
leave us, and grant them facilities to go elsewhere. To 
render the injustice more manifest, our customers resi- 
dent in the western states and territories have never in- 
timated, much less requested, the advantage of this ad- 
ditional market, and the line of communication is to be 
kept in repair at the expense of tlie whole state. 

The citizens now assembled, know that their views 
have been stigmatized as narrow and illiberal. So far 
as a desire to promote the prosperity of their own com- 
munity, to watch most seduously over its interests, and 
to preserve its present commercial advantages, may be 
obnoxious to this remark, we freely acknowledge the 
imputation. We avow ourselves unwilling to see any 
s) stem adopted, which shall transfer the trade and pros- 
perity of Philadelphia to any other place, and the ex- 
ample of our friends and neighbors of the city of Balti- 
more afi^ords an additional proof of the wisdom of those 
principles. Our legislative acts ought to Uberate us 
from this charge, for thej- exhibit a course of the utmost 
liberality to other states, and more especially the state of 
Maryland. 

Pennsylvania has expended millions in internal im- 
provements, millions are yet to be expended to complete 
it; and all these sums have been collected from the com- 
mon stock of the state. As we are proceeding to com- 
plete tlie chain of internal communication, it is propo- 
sed to draw off" our trade from its regular course, to the 
city of Baltimore. 

It was not until this enormous expenditure had been 
made, that we heard of the present rail-road to 
the Marj'land line, and if no such line of communication 
had been commenced, we should never have heard of 
any such proposition. AVe are not hazarding these »*• 
sertions without authority. A committee of delegates 



1832.] 



TORK AND MARYLAND RAIL-ROAD. 



47 



from the Baltimore and York turnpike company, the 
Conewaijo canals, and the York Haven company, held 
in the city of Baltimore, on the 3d Aiif^ust, 18^.", in ex- 
citing their citizens to renewed activity to ctt'ect tliis ob- 
ject, use the following langu,age: 

*'Xf tlie rail-road in question was constructed, it would 
absorb tlie whole trade which now descends the bus- 
queh.anna." And again they say, 

" If, on the other hand, we enter early into the field 
of competition, and improve our natural advantages, wc 
make the efforts of our rivals tributary to our views, and 
they cannot make a foot of canal or imil way, erect a 
bridge, or pave a turnpike road, which does not neces- 
sarily lead the trade or commerce embarked upon it di- 
rectly to oui' door. 

"\\e have nothing in fact to do, but to take up the 
work where they (the Pcnnsyivanians) leave it, and to 
furnish at a trifling expense, a great line of internal com- 
munication, which the exertions of our spirited and en- 
terprising neighbors have conducted within our reach.** 

We are sohcitous to preserve the power to "make a 
foot of canal or rail-way," to "erect a bridge," and 
"pave a turnpike road," for our own advantage and our 
profit, and if this constitute a narrow and illiberal pohcy. 
we acknowledge the charge. 

The peculiar site and relative position of the coun- 
ties, constituting the southern line of the state, is well 
known and understood; towards these we have ever felt 
the most cordial feeling, and at all times cherished a 
hope that injustice should not be done to them. AVhen- 
ever, therefore, a liberal policy can be extended to- 
wards these counties, without manifest and manifold in 
jury to other parts of the state, it will receive our cor- 
dial support and hearty approbation. 

This district affords the great source of revenue to 
the commonwealth — its ability to furnish revenue arises 
from its trade, foreign and domestic. So far as this 
tr.ide is can'ied on with the citizens of our own state, 
it is a source of reciprocal advantage, and different parts 
of the state are respectively useful to each other — and 
so far a.s our trade receives legislative protection, we 
are indebted to the wisdom of the councils of our state. 
Under our former sj'stem, our city has continued to 
thrive and prosper, and the revenue of the common- 
wealth has continued to improve and increase. New 
sources of revenue have, from time to time presented 
themselves, and their exaction has been borne by our 
citizens without murmur or complaint. Since the meet- 
ing of the legislature, an event fully exemplifying tills 
remark, has transpired. A citizen of Philadelphia, by 
means of great intellectual prowess, untiring industry, 
and the local advantages of his place of residence, had 
amassed a fortune in amount, on this continent, hitherto 
unexampled. His time to appear before another tribunal 
had arrived; in the distribution of his property he yields 
cheerfully to the taxation of his est;ite — submits to it 
without an attempt at evasion, and adds to it a legacy 
magnificent and unprecedented in liberality, to aid the 
cause of internal improvement throughout the common- 
wealth. 

Ills genius and public spirit had prompted him to era- 
ploy part of hiscaplt;J in banking operations, and upon 
the withdrawal of that capital from Its accustomed chan- 
nel, additional bank or banks are supposed by many to 
be called for, and again our city presents new prospects 
of revenue to the commonwealth. How far the city and 
county of Philadelphia and the trade, merit the foster- 
ing care and protection of the constituted authorities of 
the commonwealth, the life and fortune of Stephen Gi- 
rard, and his disposition of that fortune, after his death, 
will attest and establish. 

The citizens now assembled firmly believe, that the 
law to incorporate the York and Marjland Line Rail- 
road Company, should not be enacted at any time; but 
that, in any event, the present is not the appropriate pe- 
tiod. The ch.ain of internal Improvement in Pennsylva- 
nia is in a state of prop^ssive completion; it is hoped it 



will be consummated within a reasonable time; the prac- 
tical effects of this stupendous plan will then be de- 
veloped, and we shall be enabled to ascertain with more 
precision, than at the present time, to what extent the 
contemplated diversion of trade will be injurious to this 
district and the state at large. If the bdl now under 
consideration is at this time passed, it is not impossible 
that the York and MaiTland Line Rail-road may be fi- 
nished before the rail-road from Columbia to the city of 
Philadelphia. If this should be so, the first fruits of our 
great system of improvement will be reaped by the capi- 
tal of another state; the channels of trade will be con- 
structed; and the difficulties attending the diversion of 
those channels, once established, are too well known to 
require any commentary to enforce their importance. 

Wc therefore respectfully ask the legislature to pause. 
The passage of the bill once adopted, whatever may be 
its modifications, will be in effect, in-ecoverable, and ne- 
ver can be recalled. Under these Impressions we there- 
fore adopt the following resolutions: 

1. Resolved, that this meeting have perceived with re- 
gret, that a bill is now under consideration before the 
legivluture of Pennsylvania, to incorporate the York and 
Maryland Line ftiil-road Company; and that they sin- 
cerely believe that the said rail-road, if completed, will 
divert a large portion of the western trade from the ci- 
ty of Philadelphia to the city of Baltimore. 

2. Resolved, that the thanks of this meeting be pre- 
sented to those members of the legislature, who have 
opposed the enactment into a law of the bill to incorpo- 
rate the said company. 

3. Resolved, that the conduct of those members of the 
legislature fi-om the city and county of Philadelphia, who 
have opposed the York and ISIarjdand Line Rail-road, 
have been in accordance with the known and avowed 
wishes of their constituents; and in the opinion of those 
constituents in accordance with the vital Interests of the 
district which they represent,in the general assembly of 
lliis commonwealth, as well as of the state at large. 

4 Resolved, th.at the members of the senate and 
house of representatives from the city and county of 
Philadelphia be, and they are hereby requested, to con- 
tinue to use their utmost exertions to prevent the pas- 
sage of the bill, now before tlie legislature, to incorpo- 
rate the said company. 

5. Resolved, that it is the interest of the comiion- 
wcalth to preserve within itself its own resouicesand 
advantages; and that we deprecate any policy which 
would seek, by legislative provisions, to transfer its 
trade to the hmits of another state. 

6. Resolved, that the city and county of Philadelphia 
have, at all times, offered to the trade of the interior, an 
advant.ageous market, which their citizens and tlie con- 
stituted authorities of the commonwealth have success- 
fully united in rendering to such trade cverj' necessary 
facility; and there is no call on the ground of public con- 
venience or private advantage to divert that trade to 
another place. 

7. Resolved, th.at the Increased and increasing trade 
of the city of Philadelphia and its precincts, is closely 
connected with the revenue and the wealth of the state, 
and that any measures which should depress our pros- 
perity, would be found injurious to the interests of the 
state at large. 

8. Resolved, that this meeting approve of a liberal 
and enlightened policy towards all parts of the state, 
more especially towards the counties constituting its 
southern line, and that any system of appropriation for 
their advantage, not wholly incompatible with the vital 
interests of other parts of the state, will receive the 
warm and decided approbation and support of this 
meeting. 

9. Resolved, that we are deeply impressed with the 
pernicious policy of making experiments in matters of 
vital importance; yet, if the proposed incorporation of 
the YorK and .Marj'Iand Line Hail-road Company should. 



48 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



[Jajtwaii* 



at any time be granted, in the opinion of this meeting' 
it ought at the present time be postponed; and that 
under no circumstances whatever, should it be au- 
tliorissd until the line of communication between the 
eastern and western parts of the state has been complet- 
ed, and its practical ett'ects have been fully developed; 
when the injury consequent upon the proposed act of 
incorporation, may be more satisfactorily examined and 
determined. 

10. Resolved, that a committee of correspondence 
and superintendence be appointed, and that they be au- 
thorised to adopt such measures as they may think ex- 
pedient to caiTy into effect the object of this meeting-. 

Whereupon the following g-entlemen were appointed 
that committee : — 

William Rawle, Geo. N. Baker, Robert Patterson, 
Richard Palmer, Robert Tciland, T. C. Rockhill, J. 
Randall, Jacob Souder, R. Renshaw, John Naglee, 
Thos. Cave, Thomas Hart, Wm. Wagner, Augustm 
Stevenson, Thomas D. Grover, Lemuel Paynter, Iho- 
mas M. Pettit, James Harper, Wm. il. Meredith, T. P. 
Hoopes, W. G. Alexander. 

11. Reselved, that copies of the proceedings of this 
meeting, signed by the officers, be transmitted to his 
Excellency the Governor of the commonw;ealth, and 
to the speakers of the senate and house of representa- 
tives of the commonwealth, with a request to have them 
laid before the honourable bodies over which tliey re- 
spectfully preside. 

Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be pub- 
lished. 

WILLIAM RAWLK, President. 
Geotige N. Bakeb, "1 
R,cHii.D PiLMEi., I Vice Presidents. . 



R Patteiisox, 

ROUEBT ToLA^D, 



Robert Morris, ? secretaries. 
Wm. M. MEREDtxn, S 



and for purposes calculated to promote the moral and 
general welfare of the people of the county. 

GILES K.NIGHT, Foreman. 



STATISTICS OF GERMANTOVVN TOWNSHIP. 



Number of taxable inhabitants, for 1832, 



1024 



Laboiu-ers, 129 

Farmers, 108 

Cordwaners, 92 

Coopers, 56 

Hatters, 56 

Carpenters, 40 

Victuallers, 40 

Manufacturers, 37 

Weavers, 36 

Black-smiths, 30 

Carters, 24 

Millers, 19 

latlors, 20 

Hosiers, 18 

M.asons, 22 

Teachei-s, 13 

Wheel-wrights, 13 

Tallow-chandlers, 3 

Trimmers, 2 

Bleachers, 2 

Tinmen 2 

Drum-makers, 2 

Glove-makers, 2 

Stone-cutters, 2 

Tanners, 2 

Book-binders, 2 

(-'urriers, 2 

Scriveners, 2 



Coach-makers, 12 

Cabinet-makers, 13 

Paper-makers, 11 

Saddlers, 9 

Physicians, 8 

Comb-makers, 6 

Gardners, 6 

Printers, 6 

Bakers, 5 

Spinners, 5 

Paintei-s, ► 4 

Skin-dressers, 4 

Calico-printers, 4 

Dyers, 3 

Tobacconists, 3 

Brush-makers, 3 

Clock-makers, 3 

Button-makers, 3 

Barber, 

Gun-smith, 

Brewer, 

Last-maker, •••••••• 

W. Chair-maker,. ••• 
Saddletree-maker, •• 

Inn-keepers, 14 

Store-keepers, • • -28 

Apothecaries, 3 

5.799* 



The following are the number of bushels of the dif- 
ferent sorts of grain, (salt coastwise) and coal discharged 
at the port of Philadelphia, for the year 1 83 1 : 

Corn, (bushels, )420,353 

Wheat, 201,878i 

Bye 47,7nj 

Barley, ,....62,846J 

Oats 9a,372i 

Flaxseed, 5.715f 

Beans and Peas, 1,643§ 

Clover and Timothy seed, 2, 1 3 2 

823,6531 

Coal, 123,143 

Salt 38,143 J 

993,939i 
GEO. M. HECKMAN, Measurer. 



( Praentment of the Grand Jury of Bucks County. 

The Grand Inquest inquiring in and for the county of 
Bucks, respectfully represent: that they have observed 
with surprise and regret, a resolution of a majority of 
the board of commissioners, to exclude all religious 
meetings from our court house, as though religion were 
a matter unworthy the attention of the people, or as a 
matter not suitable to be introduced into the halls of 
justice, while it appears that the doors are opened free- 
ly, not' only for political and general county pvirposes, 
but indiscriminately for all other purposes than those of 
a religious and moral nature. AVe do, therefore, ex- 
press our entire disapprobation of the measure, believ- 
ing it to be averse to the enlightened and liberal views 
of the citizens of our county, and would therefore re- 
commend that the doors be' opened to all regular and 
well recommended ministers of the Christian religion. 



Acres of land, - - - . 
117 lots supposed to contain J of an 

acre, .... 14f— 5.813J 

DweUing-houses, ----- 731 
Horses over four years of age, - - 557" 
Cows over four years of age, - - 750 

Dogs, --.--_ 461 

Germantown Telegraph, 



A Statement showing the two extremes of Fahren- 
heit's thermometer, situated where there was a free cir- 
culation of air, and northern exposure, in each month; 
and the corresponding day of the month. Also the 
perpendicular depth of rain, which fell through the se- 
veral months of the year 1831 — at the residence of J.B. 
Solebury township, Bucks county. Pa. 



1831 




















^ A 














u c 


MONTHS. 


in- 


>>? 


5ca 




j=-g 






as 


jtn 


=> s 


5" 


January, 


56° 


4 


•1'= 


25 


4.94 


February, 


48 


lb- 





b 


2.75 


March, 


70 


26 


19 


18 


3.18 


April, 


80 


18 


31 


10 


7.43 


May, 


92 


31 


40 


8 


2.27 


June, 


94 


3 


46 


25 


7.53 


Jul}', 


90 


20 


51 


12 


5 64 


August, 


93 


18 


50 


29 


5.77 


September, 


81 


2 


40 


19 


4.54 


October, 


80 


4 


32 


29 


7.26 


November, 


64 


9 


20 


30 


2.99 


December, 


3. 


25 


4 


16 


1.70 
56.10 


•Below Zero. 



B. Intelligenctr. 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DEVOTED TO THE PnESERVATIOX OP EVERT KIND OF USEFCL ISFORMiTION RE 


SFErTISG 


THE STITB. 


EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 


VOL. lX.-i\0. 4. PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY 27, 


183 2. 


NO 2ia, 



DELAWARE ANn RARITAN CANAL COMPANY, 

ANU CAMOEX AND A.MUOY UAIL-KOAD AND 

TRANSHOKTATION COMPANY. 

At a meeting' of the Stockholders in the city of Pliila- 
delphia, held aifreeably to public notice, ut the CoH'ee 
House, 14th January, 1832, Samuel Richards, Esq 
was called to the chair, and Jos 11. Dulles appointed 
secretary. 

A communication was made on the part of the direc- 
toi-s, stating' that the motive for calling the meeting was 
to invite an investigation into the artau'S bf the compa- 
ny, by the stockholders in I'hiladclphia, in order that 
they might satisfy themselves with regard to the past 
proceedings of the directors, and the present condition 
of the company; as certain charges had been made bj- 
persons opposed to the interests of the company, tlie 
report of which it was thought might have reached the 
stockhcliers in this city. 

On motion of Thomas niddlc, Esq. the following re- 
solution was adopted: 

Resolved, that a committee of four be appointed to 
investig^atc the transactions of the Directors, and the 
present condition of the joint companies, and to report 
the result of their inquiries to an adjourned meet. ng of 
the Stockholders, to be held on Monday afternoon, the 
l&h inst. at 4 o'clock. Whereupon the following gen- 
tlemen were appointed — Messrs Arthur Harpsr, Ehhu 
Chauncey, John M. .\twood, and J. H Dulles, together 
With the chairman of the meeting. 

Adjourned meeting, held IGth 'anuury, 1832, Samu- 
el Ri hards, Esq took the chair, when the following re- 
port of the committe, together with the accompanying 
documents, were read and accepted. 
REPORT. 

The committee report the result of the investigation, 
which was conducted diu'ing a session of six hours, with 
a pointediiess and person.'dity which would have been as 
painful to the committee, as it must have been offen- 
sive to the directoi's, had not the entire course of their I 
management been in tlie strictest degree honorable and 
correct. 

This scrutiny the committee believed it their duty 
to make, in consequence of the grounds of their ap- 
pointment; and finding the Directors, to the fullest ex- 
tent candid and unreserved, they have no cause to 
regret the course they have pursued in the investigation 

The hooks of both companies were submitted to the 
committee, from which it appears that instalments have 
been called in by each company to the amount of 
«450,000. 

The canal company booksexhibit thefollowingfjcts: 
that of these instalments, which have been paid within 
$3M I (which deficiency is chiefly due by stockholders 
having claims for damages on the route, ) there has been 
expended, as per statement A, will particularlv appear, 
and which is herewith presented, $o6a,9l2 09 

To which is to be added amount paid rail- 
road company, 50,000 00 



The several items in this schedule of expenditures 
have been examined where they appeared at all im- 
portant, and the statement B, giving particulars of the 
real estate and materials, presents to the stockholders a 
very gratifying view of this department of the compa- 
nies' interest; the real estate being of great value, and 
the materials such as prudent foresight has g-athered in 
large quantit>s, in preparation for an early prosedtition 
of the work this spring. 

The items which have more particularly claimed 
the investigation of the committee, are those of salaries 
and contingent expenses. 

1st, Salaries — .■Vmotmt S4, 700 per annum. This in- 
cludes the salaries of the president, secretary, and trea- 
surer, being an average of less than 516 JO each These 
in the particular items, are found low in comparison 
with those of similar institutions, and the more strkingly 
so, when it is considered, that the discharge of the du- 
ties exposes the part es, in the early stage of the work, 
to great personal fatigue, and involves expenses which 
the committee believe quite equal to the respective sa- 
i laries. On this pont the committee are entirely satisfied. 
I 2d, Contingent expenses — .\mount S4,72'3 54. This 
, item includes the ordinary charges incident to such an 
I enterprise — alt expenses and payment to officers and 
[ agents employed on the line of the canal, in procuring 
I land and other duties in the preliminary arrangements 
j of the company, incurred from May 10, I83U, when the 
company began their operations, to the 25th Oct 1830, 
I at which last period the salaries commenced; and the 
committee having examined the details, are satisfied 
that economy and integr ty, clearly mark th s expendi- 
ture, so very small in comparision to that of other com- 
panies 

The item under the head of Engineer corps, struck 
the committee as being large, but an examination into 
particulars has convinced them, that there is nothing 
extravagant, and the report of the canal commissioners 
of Pennsylvania recently made, exhibits in detaih the 
most distressing and mortifying, the folly of wasting' 
time and money, under the misguidance of incompetent 
engineers, with a false notion of economy. 

The books of the rail-road company were next ex- 
amined, from which the committee gpther the following 
facts: 

I hat the instalments have been paid up (excepting 
a vcrv small sum due bj" some of the minor stockhold- 
ers) say S450,000 00 
To which add amount received from the 

canal company, 50,000 00 

Interest gained on balances invested in 
the public stocks, with sales of materi- 
als not wanted, 9,122 67' 

5j:,VJ-2 67 
There has been expended, as appears per 
schedule C, 448,534 90 



53,587 77 



Leaving a balance to meet the demands 
accruing since 1st Januarj-, 1832, 



Vor. TT. 



i Leaving' a balance on the books, 

$410,912 09 1 From which is to be deducted the amount 
I of expenditures at the Amboy station, 
39,087 91 notbrought into tlie books on 1st Jan'y, 11,747 33 

§450,000 OO * Leaving a balance to meet the demand.s 
aecniinp since 1st Januarr, 



41.810 39 



50 



MILITARY CONVENTION. 



[Jakuart 



The items of expenditure under the heads wliarfing', 
real estatate, and materials, are in the highest degree 
satisfactory to the committee, and most convincingly 
prove a sagacity and care on the part of the directors 
highly creditable to them, and advantageous to the com- 
pany. The particulais are found amiesed in state- 
ment D. 



an increase of speed, which will give to the tj-aveUingon 
th's road a decided preference over any other. 

In the neighbourhood of Camden, from the landing 
on the Delawaie opposite the city, four miles and a 
half are graded, with the exception of about half 3 
mile, and this is by far the most expensive and difficult 
part of the route from Bordentown to Camden; the re- 



The items under the head of salaries and Incidental j maining portion being almost natural knel. Con- 



expenses are, in like manner, as in the case of the ca 
nal company, entirely satisfactory to the committee. 

The salaries are the same in amount, and subject to 
tlie same remarks, with the exception that the presi- 
dent of this company receives no salary as such — the 
amount corresponding %vith that of tliis officer, being 
given to the cliief superintending agent. 

The incidental expenses amount to §11,508 66, in- 
cluding- the salaries of nine agents, regularly employed 
on various parts of tlie line, not chargeable to any 
particular account, exceeding in amount rSjOO, toge- 
ther with other expenditures on the road, not referable 
to any particular account until the point of appl. cation 
is decided, as a steam engine for breaking gravel, 
costing $1>^00, is also included with the expenses of ar- 
bitrating litigated cases on the route. This item is sa- 
-tisfactoi-y to the committee, and they are assured that it 
will be so to the stockholders. 

The pecuniar}' transactions of each of the companies, 
being monthly submitted to an investig.ition of the 
other, furnishes a guard, were any requisite, to secure 
the faitliful expenditure of the funds — the vouchers for 
all amounts exceeding one dollar, being examined, and 
the accounts attested. 

The item, legal expenses, is :o small in each of the 
companies as to be matter of particLilar notice, being in 
the one, $970, and in tlie other, $1010 33. 

To the inquiry whether the large stockholders, citi- j 
zens of New Jersey, had paid up their instalments, it 
appears that they have not only done so in every in- 
stancs, but in each of the companies, these- gentlemen 
have advanced very large sums of money frequently, 
and for considerable periods of time, when necessi- 
ties' of the companies required it, and when instal- 
ments could not be conveniently called in. 

To another mtimation, that the original large stock- 
holders had sold out a part of their stock, the committee 
are satisfied that the charge is entirely false, and that, in 
no case have they diminished their interest in the 
works, even under the allurements of an advance of for- 
ty dollars per share, affording thus the fullest evidence 
of their confidence in the project, and tlieir devotion to 
its concerns. 

In reference to the bill now pending before the legis- 
lature of New Jersey, although some of its provisions 
appear burthensome to the stockholders, yet the com- 
mittee beheve that the security of their interests wiU be 
promoted by its adoption, and they do therefore ap- 
prove the encoui-agement g-ven to this bUl by the di- 
rectors. 

On the canal, fourteen miles are nearly completed in 
the excavation, that is, from Trenton to Kingston, so 
that it could be finished in a month, with good weather. 
The work done being at a saving of S'14.ri7 72 below 
the .estimates Five locks and several important cul- 
verts are under way. 

On the rail-road the grading is completedfrom Stew-- 
art's Point below I'.ordentown, to .\mboy, w,th the ex- 
ception of less than four hundred feet at Bo, den town,- 
■R'hich will be very shortly fmshed. 

Esdls are laid at Bordentown and Amboy four miles 
and a half, and the directors have resolv- d to proceed 
with all force, so as to be able to connect the two ends 
ofthe rail-road by a single stage of horses, making about 
twentv miles of rail road: and, from their past experi- 
ence, "thev confidently believe, that this can be effected 
in the course of the month of May. By this means there 
will be a preat saving of expense of transportation and 



tracts for all the important bridges between Camden 
and Bordentown being now made, it is the determina- 
tion of the directors to prosecute the work, so as to- 
complete the entire route from Camden to Amboy, aa 
soon as practicable; 

The following resolutions are respectfully submitted. 
By order of the committee. 

SAMUEL RICHARDS, Chairman. 
The following resolutions were then adoptedr 

1. Resolved, that the stockholders entertain the full- 
est confidence in the president and d rectors of the re- 
spective companies, and they do heartily give their un- 
qual fied approbation ofthe course pursued by them. 

2. Resolved, that the thanks ofthe stockholders be 
given to the presidents and directors of both companies, 
for the laborious, faithful and skilful execution of the 
.trust committed to them. 

3. Resolved, that the stockholders, being informed 
by the directors that contracts for building biidges over 
Cooper's, Penshawken and Rancocus creeks have just 
been made, they do h'ghly appi-ove the determinatioa 
manifested by the directors to prosecute this part ofthe 
road, and to effect an early completion of the entire 
work from Camden to Bordentown, and thence to Am- 



boy. 

The bill before the legislature of New Jersey being 
read, by direction of the meeting, the following resolu- 
tion was adopted mianimously r 

4. Resolved, that the bill now before the legislature 
of New Jersey is approved, inasmuch as it is highly im- 
portant to secin-e a joint and common interest with the 
state through wliich the entire line of both worts is pro- 
jected. 

Published by order ofthe meeting". 

SAML. RICHARDS, Chairman. 

Jos. H. DciLES, Sec'y. 



PnOCEEDIXGS OF THE 

MILITAUY CO-NVENIION, 

Which assenibkd at ffarrUbur^, Pennsylvania, 
Monday, January 2, 1832. 

(Concluded from page 46.) 
■\VEDNESD.\Y, January 4, 1832. 

The convention met, an^ the roll having been calle<J, 
it appeared that the following gentlemen were in 
attendance. 

>Iessi-s. Page, Rilev, Simpson, Cooper, Baker, Fritz, 
Nathans, Worrell, Vansant, Goodman, Rogers, Davis, 
Torbert, Purdy, Hart, I hompson, Bertles, Boileau, 
Sheetz, Gartley, Richards, Ze.hn, Price, Lescure, Ker- 
lin. Reed Miller, ofLancaster.llambright, Frazer,Ford- 
nev, McGlaughlm, Downey, Lorgenecker, Ovcrholl- 
zer, Snyder, Clarkson, j'l ller, of Adams, Sanders, 
Franklin, Blattenberger. Bnberts, Dean, H gb, Boyer, 
Potleiger, Kern, Kelchner, AVtber, Fogle, Hornbeck, 
Livingston, Straub, Merr.ll, Prick, Packer, Pavton, 
Drum'heUer, Mitchell, Fleming, Piatt, Potter, AVilson, 
Houston, Curtin, Buchanan, Duncan, M'Cullough, Ard, 
Cummings, 'Wdson, Miles, Kirk, Murphy, Parker, Kel- 
so, Sharon, Criswell, Williams, McMurtrie, Snare, 
Foulke, Alexander, of Cum. M'Cartney, M'Clure, 
Spencer, Biddle, W. S. Ramsey, Gray, Greer, Stough, 
Tritt, M'Candlish, Woodburn, Redett, Fetter, Speck, 
Clark, A. C. Ramsey, Heck, Brady, of Fi-ankhn, Bard, 
Wr.Uace, M'Geehan,'compher, il'Elwee, Teeter, Down- 
ing-, Alexander, of Westmorel'd, AVells, Underwood, 



1«32.] 



MILITARY CONVENTION. 



51 



Brady, of Westmorel'd, Gosser, Bli^low, M' Williams, 
RinR-Lind, Hawkins, Patterson, \\ augh, Bayne. 

Mr. Pag-e from the committee appointed to suggest 
matters for the consideration of the convention, made a 
further report, which was read as follows: 

1. That volunteer corps be encouraged as far as prac- 
ticable; that, fvr that purpose, all volunteers, so long as 
they shall continue to perform m'litary duty, shall be en- 
titled to all the advantages which are allowed to the first 
class; they may fix their own duys of parade, &nd im- 
pose such fiues for absence on those days, as they may 
please, and adopt such bye-laws as they may approve; 
that they shall be subject to the same duty of encamp- 
ment and servce in time of peace, as the fTrst class; 
they shall be allowed the usual mus'c, at the pubic ex- 
pense, on their days of parading; that their officers 
shall take rank of mil'.tia officers of tlie same grade, and 
their corps shall take rank of the militia. 

2. Tliat any person, after his arrival at the age of 
twenty six, ma)-, if he will, continue to perfoi'm duty 
with, and be entitled to the advantages of either tlie 
first class, or volunteers, but not subject to contribution 
to the military fund; but on ce;ising to perform duty, he 
shall contribute annually 5Q cents to that fund. 

3. Every member of the first class, and volunteeers, 
shall pay a fine of f2, for every day of those required by 
law, in case he shall fail to parade in uniform, without 
sufficient excuse. 

4. That a committee be appointed to draft a memori- 
al to congress, asking a revision of the militia laws of 
the United States. 

5 That the proceedings of this convention be re- 
commended to the early and serious attention of the le- 
gislature; and witli that view, that the officers of the con- 
vention lay before ihem an authenticated copy of the 
journal 

On motion of Mr. Simpson, 

The following resolution was adopted: 
Resolved, that a committee of finance be appointed, 
to collect funds and defray the expenses incidental to 
the meeting of this convention: 

And M.iS3r3 Simpson, M'lilaughlln, Snyder, Roberts 
and Piatt, were appointed said committee. 

The conventi'n resumed the consideration of the se- 
cond "resolution attached to the report of the committee, 
iipponted to suggest matters for the consideration of the 
convention. 

The question being on the amendment to said resolu- 
tion, offered yesterday. 

Tne yeas and nays on said question were called for, 
by Mr. Alexander and Mr. Davis, and are as follows: 
- YEAS. 
Messrs. Page, Simpson, Baker, Fritz, Nathans, Wor- 
rel, Vansant, Rogers, Davis, Torbert, Purdy, Hart, 
Thompson, Bertels, Rolleau, Sheetz, Zeilin, Price, Ker- 
lin. Reed, Ilambright, Frazer, Fordney, M'Laughhn, 
Downey, Longcnecker, Overholtzer. Snyder, Clarkson, 
M Her, of Adams, Sanders, Franklin, Dean, Hornbeck, 
Straub, Packer, Wilson. M'Clure, Bludle, AV. S. Ram- 
sey, Greer, Stough, Redett, Fetter, Heck, Brady, of 
Franklin, Bard, Wallace, M'Gechan, Teeter, .\le.\an- 
der, of Westmorel'd, Bradv,- of We-Umorcl'd, Bigelow, 
Rlngland, Waugh, Bayne.Tritt, .M'Candlish— 58. 
NAYS. 
Messrs. Riley, Cooper, Roberts, High, Boyer, We- 
ber, Fogle, Merrill, Frick, Paxton, Drumhelltr, Mitch- 
ell, Fleming, Piatt, Potter, ( urtin, Buchanan, Duncan, 
M'CuUough, Ard, Cummlngs, Miles, Kirk, Murphy, 
P.arker, Sharon, Criswcll, Williams, M'Murtrie, Snare, 
Alexander, of Cum. M'Ciirtney, Spencer, Gray, Wood- 
burn, Speck, Chirk, A. C.Ramsey, Compher, M'F.lwee, 
Downing, Weils, Umlerwood, Gosser, M' Williams, 
Patterson— 46. 

So it was determined in the affirmative. 
The convention then adjourned until 3 o'clock, this 
afternoon. 



IN THE AFTERNOON. 

The convention resumed the consideration of the 
amendment to the second resolution, attached to the re- 
port of the committee appointed to suggest matters for 
the consideration of the convention. 
On the question, 

Will the convention agree to the resolution as amend- 
ed.' 

A motion was made by Mr. Franklin, 

Further to amdend the resolution, by inserting be- 
tween the words "shall" and "pay," the words "be 
called the second class, and" — 

Which was agreed to. 

The resolution, as amended. w.as then adopted. 

The third resolution was then adopted, after being 
amended by striking out the word "this," and inserting 
in lieu "the first class." 

The fourth resolution being under consideration, 
A motion was made by Mr. Merrill, 

To postpone the further consideration of the same for 
the present, for the purpose of co:isidering the follow- 
ing: 

Resolved, that it will be expedient to demand from 
those between twenty-one and twenty-si.x years of age, 
who shall neglect or refuse to uniform and equip 
themselves, a higher sum than from those who shall 
have arrived at the .age of twenty-six. 

Which was agi-eed to. 
On the question, 
i-'Wlll the convention agree to the resolution? 

The yeas and nays were required by .Mr. Riley and 
Mr. Cummings, and are as follow : 

YE.\S. 

Messrs. Reed, Frazer, M'Glaughlin, Congeneckcr, 
Clarkson, Merrill, Frick, P.acker, Paxton, MitcheP, 
Fleming, Potter, Wilson, Buchanan, Duncan, M'Cul- 
lough, Ard, Cummings, Miles, Kirk, Murphy, Parker, 
Criswell, Williams, M'Murtrie, Snare, Alexander, of 
Cumb. M'Cartnev, M'Clure, Spencer, Woodburn, 
Speck, Clark, A C^Ramsey, Heck, Downing, Wells, 
Undei-wood, Gosser — 38. 

NAYS. 

Messrs. P.age, Riley, Simpson, Cooper, Baker, Fritz, 
Nathans, Rogers, Davis, Torbert, Purdy, Hart, Bertels, 
Bolleau, Sheetz, Zeilin, Price, Kerlin, Snyder, Mdler, of 
Adams, Sanders, Franklin, Roberts, Dean, High, Boyer,- 
Weber, Kern, Kelchncr Lyim, Fogle, Hornbeck, Straub, 
Piatt, Sharon, Blddle, Ramsey, Gray, <-reer, Tritt, Re- 
dett, Fetter, Brady, Bard, \\ allace, M'Geehan, Comph- 
er, M'Elwee, Teeter, Alexander, of Westm'd. Brady, of 
W'estra'd, Bigelow, M'WJliams Ringland, Patterson, 
Bayne — 56. 

So it was determined in the negative. 
I The question recurring. 

Will the convention ag^ree to the fourth resolution? 

A motion \v.as made by Mr. Torbei t. 
To postpone the question, (or the purpose of intro- 
ducing 1 he follow ing: 

' That the militia of the 2d class shall be enrolled as 
usu:xl by tlie proper officers, and that they shall annu- 
I ally pay the sum of to be collected witli the 

1 county'rates and levies, and paid into the treasury of 
I the commonwciJth. 

That the Cd class sh.all be officered as usual, and that 
all the officrs of the Ist and 2d class in each brigade, 
[ sh;ill annuallv meet for drill days, for which ser- 

1 vices they sh:ill be allowed per day ; and if the of- 

ficers request it, the state should furnish them with tlio 
j necessary camp equipage. 
j Which w;is not agreed to. 
1 A motion was made by Mr. Franklin, 

To re commit to the committee on the subject, the 
1 report and resolutions, together with the report and re- 
' solutions made by the said committee this rooming^. 
Which was agreed to. 



52 



MIUTART CONVENTION. 



[jAKV^a 



On motion Mi-. Roberts was substituted on said 
committee in place of Mr Franklin. 
On motion of Mr. Franklin, 

The following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, that no member of this convention, be per- 
mitted to speak more than twice on any question before 
tlie convention. 

The convention then adjourned until 11 o'clock, to- 
morrow morning\ 

THURSDAY, January 5, 1832, 

The convention met, and the roll being called, one 

hundred and eleven members answered to their names. 

George liichards, Esq. and Captain Philip Wager 

Eeigart, having been appointed to supply vacancies, 

took their seats. 

The president of the convention presented the follow- 
ing resolution, transmitted to him by the speaker of the 

"In Senate, Jan. 4, 1832. 
Resolved, that the officers and members of the Mili- 
tary Convention, now sitting in Han-isbur<, be invited 
to take seats within the bar of the senate chamber, du- 
ring the sitting of senate. 

"Extract from the Journal, 

"W. S. FUANIO^IN, Clerk." 
Mr. Waugh presented to the convention the fuUow- 
ing resolution from the house of representatives. 

"In (he House of Representalives, Jan. 4, ;83l. 
"On motion, 
"Resolved, that the officers and members of the Mi- 
litarv Convention be invited to take seats within the bar 
of this house. 

"Extract from the Journal, 

"FRS. R. SHUNK, Clerk." 
Mr- Simpson, from the committee to ascertain the 
amount necess.iry to defray the expenses of this con- 
vention, reported. 

That they have enquired particularly into the matter 
confided to' them, and offer the following: 

Resolved, that tlie members of tlVis convention be as- 
sessed the sum of seventy-five cents each, and that the 
same be paid into the hands of Walter S. Franklin, tsq, 
one of the secretaries of this convention. 
Which report and resolution were adopted. 
Mr. Page, from the committee to suggest matters for 
the consideration of the convention, reported, 

1 . That the citizens of tliis commonwealth ought to 
be divided into two classes 

2. That all such citizens as will uniform themselves 
voluntarily according- to law, ought to compose the first 
class, and be c;uled tlie active militia; and tliat all such 
citizens between the ages of 21 and 45, who will not 
equip themselves, shall be called the second class, and 
pay a certain sum in lieu thereof, for the encouragement 
of the volunteers and of the first class of militia. 

3. That tlie first class only ought to be subject to drill 
or duty in time of peace. 

And the following in conformity to the principles 
set forth i.i said resolutions. 

1. 'I'hat all militia trainings not in uniform should 
be abolislied, and that the second class ought not to be 
required to do military duty, except when called forth to 
execute the laws, to suppress insurrections and repel 
invasions. ^ . , , ■ , 

2, '1 hat the first class be furnished with arms and ac- 
coutrements, camp equipage, music, powder, and five 
days' rations in each year, and be required to encamp 
for insti-uction five days in each year. 

3. The militia shall be enrolled as required by law, 
by the proper officers, and every enrolled militia man of 
the second class, except minors, should annually pay 
the sum of one dollar, to be collected as the county 
rat.s and levies are now by law collected, and paid in- 
to the treasury of this commonwealth. 

4, The secoi.d class should have such officers *9 may 



be necessary; and all the commissioned officers in each 
brigade or regiment shall assemble annually, at such 
time or place as may be fixed upon by the commanding 
officer of such brigade or regiment for inspection and 
drill for days in succession, for which attendance 

and service, they should be allowed dollar per 

day each, to be paid out of the fund to be created as 
aforesaid. 

5. That dollars per day should be allowed to 
each brigade or regiment, for the pay of musicians du- 
ring such annual parade, should they desire it, a suffi- 
cient quantity of camp equip.ige to be furnished each 
brigade or regiment, for the acquirement of a know- 
ledge of camp duty. At such parades the officers may 
by ballot select from their number the individual who 
shall act as the instructing officers of volunteers to drill 
in the same manner in brigade or regiment of volun- 
teers: if there be no such brigade, then to be joined in 
the drill with the militia officers. Volunteers to have 
the right to make their own bye-laws, and manage their 
own funds. 

6. 1 he first class to be subject at all times to the re- 
quisitions of the state executive, in compliance with the 
provisions of the constitution. 

7. That a committee be appointed to draft a memo- 
rial to congress, to be signed by the Preisdent, Vice 
President and Secretaries, in behalf of this body, ask- 
ing a revision of the militia laws of the United States. 

8. That the proceedings of this convention be recom- 
mended to the early and serious attention of the legis- 
lature; with that view, that the officers of the conven- 
tion lay before them, an authenticated copy of the 
Journal. 

The first resolution reported by the committee was 
adopted. 

'1 he second resolution being under consideration, 
A motion was made by Mr Miller, of Adams, 

To amend the same by inserting after the words "first 
class" "and organized volunteer^." 

Which was not agreed to. 

A motion was then made by Mr. Nathans, 

To strike out "five," where it last occurs, and insert 
in lieu, "three successive." 

Which was agreed to. 

A motion w'as then made by Mr. Riley, 

To further amend the resolution by striking out all 
after the word *'powder," and adding in lieu thereof as 
follows: "And that each company of not less than 
privates be allowed the sum of dollars per annum, 

to be appropriated by them for militiuy purposes, in 
accordance with the bye laws of the respective compa- 
nies." 

Which was not agreed to. 

A motion was then made by Mr. Merrill, 

To strike out the words "and be required," and in- 
sert "if they diink proper." 

Which was not agreed to. 

The resolution, as amended, was then adopted. 

The third resolution wasadopted. 

1 he fourth resolution being under consideration, the 
first blank was filled with "tliree," and the second with 
"one." 

■| he resolution, as amended, was then adopted. 

The fifth and sixth resolutions were then adopted. 

The seventh resolution was then adopted, and Messrs, 
Merrill, Riley, Fritz, Fleming. and M'Clure wereappoint- 
eda committee in pui-suarce thereof. 
On motion of Mr. Cummings, 

'1 he eighth resolution was postponed for the present. 

The following resolutions were then offered by Mr. 
'lorbert: 

Resolved, that the committee appointed to draft a. 
memorial to congress recommending a revision of the 
militia laws of the United States, be instructed to recom- 
mend the passage of a law appropriating to each state 
annually the sum of two thousand dollai-s for every re- 
presentative to which it is entitled in con^'ess, to be 



1832.] 



MILITARY CONVENTION. 



53 



expended, under the direction of the states respective- 
ly, in disciplining the officers. 

Resolved, thut it be recommended to the legislature 
to pass a resolution requesting our senators and repre- 
sentatives in congress to use their e.\ertions to eft'ect the 
passage of a law agreeably to the preceding resolution, 
and that copies thereof be forwarded to the executives 
of the several sUites for the concurrence of the respec- 
tive legislatures. 

Which were not agreed to. 

On motion of Mr. Simpson, tlie following resolution 
was adopted: 

Resolved, that the journal of this convention be print- 
ed, and that each member of the legislature be lurnish- 
ed with a copy of the same, and that each member of 
this convention be furnished with three copies. 

On motion of Mr. Cummings, the following resolution 
was adopted; 

Resolved, that it be recommended to the legislature, 
to so propoi-tion the mihtary force of this state that the 
corps of artillery be augmented. 

Mr. Page, from the committee composed of the dele- 
gates of the first division, reported the following resolu- 
tion, which was adopted. 

Resolved, that this convention, inconsequence of the 
peculiar and exposed situation of the city of Philadel- 
phia, recommend to the consideration of the legislature 
the propriety of such a variation in the general law, as 
will permit the establishment in the district now compo- 
sed of the city and county of Philadelphia, of one divi- 
sion of volunteers, and granting, for the purposes of sup- 
porting the same, all the fines imposed and collected 
from the first and second class within the said district. 
Provided, th.at no claim be m.^de by the said division on 
the general fund, and that it shall determine the num- 
ber of days of encampment for its own instruction. 

The convention adjoui'ncd until 3 o'clock this after- 
noon. 

IN THE AFTERNOON, 
A motion was made by Mi-. Wells, and Mr. W. S. 
Ramsey, 

To re-consider the vote agreeing to the resolution re- 
ported by Mr. Page, from the committee composed of 
the delegates from the first division. 
On the question, 
Will the convention agree to the motion? 
The yeas and nays were required by Mr. AVells and 
Mr. Uavis, and are as follows: 
YEAS. 
Messrs. Miller, of Lancaster, HambrigUt, Cummings, 
Kirk, Criswell, .M'Cartney, W. S. Ramsey, A. C. Ram- 
sey, Wells, Underwood, Uigelow, Bayne — 12. 
NAYS. 
Messrs. Page, Hiley, Simpson, Cooper, liaker, Fritz, 
Nathans, Worrell, Nansant, Rogers, Davis, Torbert, 
Purdy, H.u-t, Bertels, Boileau, Slieetz, R.chards, Zeihn, 
Price, Kcrhii, Reed, Uowney, Longcnecker, Reigart, 
Miller, of Adams, Sanders, Franklin, Blattenbcrger, 
Roberts, Dean, High, Boyer, Weber, Kern, Kelchner, 
Fogle, llornbeck, Livingston, Straub, Merrill, Frick, 
Paxton, Urumheller, Mitchell, Fleming, Piatt, Potter, 
Wilson, Cuniii, Buclianan, Duncan, iM'Cullougli, Aid, 
Miles, Murphy, Williams, M'.VIurtrie, Snare, Fouike, 
M'Clure, Spencer, Gray, Greer, Stougli, Tritt, Wood- 
burn, Redett, Fetter, Speck, Clark, Brady, of Frank- 
lin, Compher, .M'Elwee, Teeter, Downing, Alexander, 
of WeslmorcI'd, Brady of Westmorcl'd, Gosser — 79. 
So it was determined in the negative. 
On motion of ilr. Williams, the following resolution 
was adopted : 

Resolved, that application be made to congress, by 
this convention, for the jiassage of an act appropriating 
for the support and disci]>line of tlic volunteers and mi- 
litia of each state a sum of money to be distributed an- 
nually, and in proportion to tlie representation of each 
state in congress: which monies so appropriated shall 



be placed at the disposal of the government 6f the states 
respectively. 

On motion of Mr. Brady, of Franklin co. the follow- 
ing resolution was adopted. 

Resolved, that there ought to be a provision made by 
the legislature for the election of one lieutenant for each 
comp;iny of infantry, artillery, and riflemen, and militia 
of the first class, in this state, in addition to the number 
of officers now allowed by law. 

On motion of Mr. Criswell, the following resolution 
was adopted. 

Resolved, that every freeman within this common- 
wealth, who shall have equipped himself and served in 
a regularly organized volunteer company for the t rm of 
seven years, shall be exempt from mihtary duty in time 
ofpeace. 

The following resolution was offered by Mr. Straub. 

Resolved, that this convention recommend to the con- 
sideration of the legislature of Pennsylvania, the pro- 
priety of reducing the number that is, under the exist- 
ing laws, required to compose a company of the first 
class militia 

Mhich w.as not agreed to. 

The following resolution was offered by Mr. Fleming. 

Resolved, that volunteers hereafter to be organized 
of the same description of force have a similar uniform. 

M'hich was not agreed to. 

On motion of Mr. Franklin, the following resolution 
was adopted. 

Resolved, that it be recommended to the legislature 
to pass a law requring all major and brigadier genei als 
and staff officers, to equip themselves, and to parade at 
least once a year. 

Mr. Merrill, from the committee appointed to draft a me- 
morial to congress, reported the following, which was 
adopted. 
To the Honournhle the Senate and House nf Hepresenla- 

tives of the United Slatts of America in C'un^em .It- 

seinbkJ. 

'1 he memorial of a convention of citizens, assembled 
from the different military divisions of the common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, most respectfully represents. 

That the people of Pennsylvania are deeply impresj- 
ed with the belief th:it the present mihtia system of the 
United .States is bui-thcnsome and inefficient^ that since 
the passage of the act of 1792, the number of men in- 
cluded within its provisions has increased so much, and 
will continue to increase so rapidly, that it is inexpedi- 
ent for the government to attempt to arm and instruct 
the whole body. They also believe, that on no occa- 
sion, can the necessities of the country require tlie ac- 
tual services of so great a number of armed men as is 
now included within the provisions of that act. 1 hey 
therefore most respectfully request your honourable bo- 
dies to revise the present militia system, and to make 
such changes therein, as shall enable the government 
to arm, and to instruct at least a portion of those who 
may be subject to enrolment. 

The eighth resolution attached to the report of the 
committee to suggest matters for the consideration of 
the convention was then adopted. 
On motion of Mr. Davis, 

Resolved, that a central committee of correspondence 
be appointed to promote the objects of this conven- 
tion; and 

Ordered, that Col. Walter S. Franklin, Capt. E. W. 
Roberts, and Capt Hugh M'llwaine, be said committee" 
[ On motion of Mr. i orbert, 

I Resolved, that the delegates from each division ap- 
point a committee of three to correspond with the cen- 
tral committee. 
Whereupon, 

1 he following persons were appointed. 

FIRST DIVISION. 

Col. James Page, T 
I Col. Joseph Rdey, C PhiUdclphi*. 
Major N. Nathans, j 



54 



INDIGENT AVIDOWS' AND SINGLE WOMEN'S SOCIETY. 



[Jahuart 



SECO?(D DITISIOS. 

Major General William I". Rog'ers, Doylestown. 
Col. John Davis, DavisviUe. 
Col. Simpson Torbert, Dolington. 
THinn Divisioy. 
Major John Kerlin, Downing-town. 
Lieut. John K. Zeilin, Chester. 
Lieut. David B. Reed, West Chester. 

rODIlTH DIVISION. 

Major Frederick Hambrig'ht, Lancaster. 
Major John Mag-laug-hlin, Elizabethtown. 
Captain David Mdler, Lancaster. 

FIFTH DIVISIOJT. 

General Michael Doudel, York. 
General Thomas C. MilUer, > ^ ^^ , 
Col. Michael Clarkson, S Gettysburg. 

SIXTH mvisiox. 
Gen. Georg-e D. B. Keim, Reading. 
Major William F. Dean, Pottsville. 
Captain E. W. Roberts, Harrisburg-h. 

SEVEXTH DIVISION". 

Col. Georg'e Weber, Kreidersville. 

Major John W. Hornbeck, Allentown. 

Captain Oliver S. Dimmlck, Milford. I 

EIGHTH DIVISION. 

General Henry Frick, Milton. | 

Col. Joseph Paxton, Catawlssa. | 

Col. C. M. Straub, Selinsgrove. 

NINTH DIVISION. 

Col. James p. Bull, Towanda. 

James Lowry, Esq \\ ellsborough. 
Major Robert Fleming, WiUiamsport. 

TENTH DIVISION. 

Captain William Williams, Huntingdon. 
Major Abraham S Wilson, Lewistown. 
Captain George Buchanan, Spring M lis. Centre co. 

ELEVENTH DIVISION. 

General Wilfs Foulke, Carlisle 
Major Alexander Magee, Bloomfield. 
Captain Jasper E, Brady, Chambersburg. 

TWELFTH DIVISION. 

Major Isaac Teeter, Ehensburg. 
Captain Thomas B. M'Ehvee, Bedford. 
, Captain Daniel Weyand, Berlin. 

THIItTEENTH DIVISION. 

Major John B, .Alexander, Greensburg. 

Col. Samuel Evans, Uniontown, Fayette co. 

Lieut. L. L. Uigelow, Adamsburg, Westmoreland co. 

FOPRTEENTH DIVISION. 

Col. John Buckingham, AVestBuckingham.Wash. co. 

Col. Isaac Hodgens, Washington, Pa. 

Major Corbly Garard, Whiteley, Greene county. 

FIFTEENTH DIVISION. 

Major E. Travilla, T 

Major A. M'Farland, s. Pittsburg. 

Jonathan Large, Esq. J 

SIXTEENTH DIVISION. 

Brig. General John Dick, Meadville. 

Col. William Hamilton, Mercer. 

Col. Joseph Vera, Beaver. 

On motion of Mr. Merrill, the followingresolution was 
unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, that the thanks of this convention be and 
they hereby are tendered to the President, Vice I'resi- 
dents, and Secretaries thereof, for the ability, impai'tiali- 
ty and diligence with which they have discharged their 
duties. 

On motion of Mr. Miller, of Adams, the following re- 
solution was unanimously adopted. 



Resolved, that the thanks of this convention be ten- • 
dered to the commissioners of the county of Dauphin 
for their kindrfess in granting the use of the Court 
House. 

On motion of Mi'. Nathans, the following resolution 
was unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, that the tlianks of this convention be and 
they hereby are tendered to the committee appointed 
to suggest matters for the consideration of the conven- 
tion, for their diligent discharge of that duty. 
On motion of Mr. Page, 
Ordered, that Messrs. Page, Ringland and Franklin, 
be a committee to revise the proceedings of tliis conven- 
tion, and attend to publication 

The convention then adjourned sine die. 

JOHN B. ALEXANDER, President 
AVm. B. Mitchell,' 
William Downj 
Willis Foulke, 
Samoel a. Price, 
Simpson Tiirbe.rt. 
Waller S. Franklin, 



Vice Presidents. 



Secretaries, 



FIFTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE INDIGENT WIDOWs' AND SINGLE W0ME.N*S SOCIETT 
OF PBlLADELPttlA. 

The rotation of the seasons has again brought around 
dreary winter, with all its wants and deprivations. Yet, 
although stern and rugged in its aspect, it has attrac- 
tions peculiarly belonging to it; for while the charms of 
the preceding periods of the year call us forth to enjoy 
the beauties of nature, this brings us to the heartfelt re- 
alities and endearments of hime, and all the interesting 
ch.\rities of domestic life. It is now the season of social 
intercourse, of benevolent exertion, and intellectual 
improvement; the .«eason when man is especially called 
to the exercise of those qualities, which distinguish and 
elevate him above the animal creation. 

At this season, also, the various benevolent Institu- 
tions hold their annual meetings, and among them the 
managers of the "Indigent IVii/ou-s' and Single IVn- 
meii's fSocieti/," feel it incumbent upon them to present 
to their patrons a statement of the helpless family in- 
trusted to their care. In the quiet and monotonous 
mode of living so essential and suitable to advanced life, 
there can be little to recreate, although much to inter- 
est, the feelings of the regular visiter. To see a-number 
of respectable beings, who have been destined by Pro- 
vidence to survive all those ties that render hfe a bless- 
ing, and destitute of even the means of supplying the 
necessaries of life; to see such in the settled possession 
of a home, which affords every needful comfort, divested 
of all anxiety for the future, assured of good nursing 
and medical attendance when required, and the means 
of receiving spiritual instruction and consolation, must 
surely be gratifying to every benevolent mind; and 
while they are preparing for a richer inheritance, by 
patient resignation to the appointments of their Heaven- 
ly Father, afford a salutary lesson to those by whose 
kindness they are sustained. 

Since the last report, three of the family have finished 
their course, and, we have reason to hope, have obtain- 
ed their reward. One of these had been long suffering 
under derangement of mind, but was retained in the 
family until within a few months past, when it became 
necessary to remove her to private lodgings, within a 
few miles of the cltv, but still under the care of a com- 
mittee of the board. The Rev. Dr. Ely, Capt. Whillden, 
and the church of which she was u member, kindly as- 
sisted to defray the expense of this arrangement, which 
rendered her latter days as comfortable :is her situation 
would admit. Five persons have been received into the 
asylum during the past year, making the family to con- 
sist at this time of fifty-two persons, including the matron 
and domestics. The managers, desirous of rendering 



1832.] 



REVOLUTIONARY HEROES. 



55 



the institution as beneficial as possible to the comrrn}ni- 
tv, thus ventui-e to receive asmuny pensioners ^s can be 
cjmfortably accommodated, although their funds, they 
regret to state, are in x less satisfactory situation than is 
the household establishment Many causes may be as- 
sig'ned as tlie reason of the diminution of income. The 
continual fluctuations of human events doubtless pro- 
duce an effect; and the numerous and ever increasing 
projects that lay claim to public liberality, possessing 
the attraction of novelty, induce many to allow their 
bounty to flow in a new channel. Uut surely an esta- 
blsh.ne.it that has been tested by many years' experi- 
ence, should not be permitted to languish and decay for 
the sake of nioi-e recent expciiments, however imposing 
in theory. But though frequently embarrassed, the 
managei's are not discouraged; relief often comes wlien 
least expected; as recently, when the fr.ends of the asy- 
lum were generally absent, and the treasury empty, a 
stranger, unsolicited, and unknown, ottered to exliibit 
his curious Tnechanism for the benefit of the institution, 
and although the avails of this benevolent act were not 
sufficient to prevent the necessity of drawing from the 
small saving fund, yet the aid was peculiarly seasonable 
and cheenng; hke a gleam of sunshine in a darkened at- 
mosphere, it inspire<l hope, and renewed their confi- 
dence of support from that Being who emphatically 
styles himself "the Widow's God" I hey also notice 
witJi gratitude the Ijgacy of I'aul Slemen, Esq received 
from Ins executor, Mr. Bohlen, and the bequest of Mrs. 
Margaret \V. Barton, with several donations, as per 
treasurer's account, annexed. 

Thus the year has closed with much less difficulty 
than was apprehended, so that the maivigcrs have good 
reason for th.inkuf Iness and trust, believing that as their 
day is so shall dieir strength be The preacher has said, 
"cast thy bread upOn the waters, and thou shalt find it 
again after many days." Yes, it will return when the 
season of action is over, and no'hing remains to solace 
the last stage of existence, but the retrospect of the 
past, and the ant c.pation of the future. It .>ill then re- 
turn in the soothing reflection, that in the season of youth- 
ful hilarity and enterprise, when the worUl and its plea- 
sures possessed every attraction, that then, even at that 
joyous season, the heart andtlic hand were freely open- 
ed to alleviate the sufferings and destitution oftlieaged. 
Jiid,genl kf^tJoirx' and Sing'e tVumen'a Huciely, in ac- 
want uilh llie Treiisurer. 
Decem KF.n — 183 1. 
DU. 
Upon Wan-ant of the Board of Managers, 

paid to the Purchasing Committee, f 2,350 00 

To cash paid for Printing Reports, 11 SO 

To Chaloner and Henry, their note, 2,0U0 00 

To Saving Fund, ' 100 00 

To Balance remaining in Treasury, 7^ 11 



Decembeii — 1831. 
CR 
By balance of account from last year. 
By Annual Subscriptions, 
By Life Subscriptions, 
By adin ssion of Pensioners in Asylum, 
By Board of Persons in \sylum, 
By proceeds of Mr. Maelzel's Exhibition, 
By sundry Donations, 

By tie Bequest of Mrs Margaret Wharton 
By the Be<|uest of .M.. .John Maybin, 
By a Legacy of Paul Sicmen, Esq. 
By dividends on >tock. 
By Knitting and Work done in Asylum, 
By sales do. 

By Cash drawn from Saving Fund, 
By fines from Managers, 
By cash from Charity Bo.t, 



*4,531 31 



S4,531 31 



From the American Volunteer. 
REVOLUTIONARY HEROES. 
A Pubhc meeting of the Revolutionary Officers and 
Soldiers within the bounds of the County of Cumberland, 
convened, in pursuance of notice, at the County Hall 
in the borough of Carlisle, on Tuesday the 3d of Jan. 
inst (that being the 55th anniversary of the battle of 
Princeton,) to devise ways and means foi- their mutual 
benefit. Owing to the inclemency of the weather, the at- 
tendance of these venerable men was not so numerous as 
was anticipated; but still, thei-e were enough present to 
give great interest to the scene,and to call foiili the live- 
liest emotions of gratitude in the bosoms of all who wit- 
nessed this assemblage of veterans, who had fought for 
the liberties of our land, in tlie perilous times of the 
Revolution. 

The meeting was organized by calling Jir.hibald 
Loudiin, to the chair; and by appointing George Bin- 
chart and I'eler Duet/, Secretaries. 

The chairman having stated the object of the meet- 
ing, further remarked "That although Congress had 
done much for the relief of the surviving officers and 
soldiers of the Revolution; still, that in many instances, 
the aid granted proved insufficient for thesupport of 
those whose age and infirmities rendered them utterly 
unable to maintain themselves. 

That in many instances, others, who had risked their 
lives in the sei-vice of our country during the revolu- 
tion, were not within the letter of the existing acts of 
Congress; and therefore could obtain no relief. 
That there was now more probability than formerly, of 
Congress extending further aid to 'them, inasmuch as 
old age, poverty and disease had made such sad havoc 
in their ranks, and had left so/ew ohji-cts for the nation's 
bounty, th.at the most liberal grants by Congress, would 
not be felt by the country at large." 

It was then Hesalvd, That / cob Oiler and Michael 
Milkr — be a committee to ascertain the number of Re- 
volutionary Soldiers present — their respective ages 

and to what division of the army they belonged. 

AVhen, aft r making the necessary inquires, the 
committee reported. That the numbei- present was, to 
wit: — 

Of lite Pennsylvania Militia. 
Jacob Oiler, 
M chael Miller, 
Frederick Kinehart; 
John Sloneckcr, 
Archibald Loudon, 
Robert Wright, 

Of the Flying Camp. 
Peter Ducy, 

Of the negulan. 
George Simon Rinehart, 
John .Mitchels, 
Robert Barkley, 
Peter Trill, 
John Fagjn, 
i Phihp Lenhart, 
Martin M.Uer, 

It was further Resnhed, That our rcpresentitives in 
Congress be requested to use their exertions to procure 
for the soldiers entitled to pensions under the existing- 
laws, a further relief and assistance from Government, 
and to cause such other laws to be m.ade as may em- 
brace, within their provision.s.those soldiers of the revo- 
lution, who are not entitled to aid or pensions under the 
present acts of Congress. 

Resvlved, That the proceedings of this meeting, sign- 
ed by the chairman and .secretaries, be published: and 
that a ccpy of the same, be sent to our representatives 
in Congress. 

ARCHIBALD LOUDON, Chaimun. 
Peter Dckt, 



aged 85 years, 
do 8 J years, 
do 80 years, 
do 80 years, 
do 78 years, 
do 75 years. 

aged 78 years. 



aged 85 years. 


Ao 


82 years. 


do 


81 years. 


do 


77 years. 


do 


76 years. 


do 


72 years. 


do 


71 years. 



G. S. RlVEHiHT. 



Secretiries. 



56 


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1832. 



EASTERN PENITENTIARY. 



5T 



IsSTnucTiOJfS RESPEcrrso 
DELAWARE ANU SUSQLEIIA.NNA TRADE. 

The following article is from the original document 
lately presented to the Editor liy a descendant of one of 
the parties to whom it is addressed. The instructions 
g-iven to the commissioners, show the amicable dispo- 
sition of our state towards its neigliboui-s; in 1786, when 
the subject of a communicaUon between the Delaware 
and Chesapeake was engaging attention, and as the cir- 
cimistancus of the present period.are somewhat similar, 
it appears to us seasonable to introduce it. 
IN COUNCIL. 
PHiLADEtPHiA, October 26th, 1786. 

Gentlemen, — To your own sense of the importance 
of the negociation with the Stites of Delaware and 
Maryland which you arc now about to enter upon. 
Council might have very safely trusted, .is well for 
your abilities in conducting, as for your zeal in bringing 
it to a favourable conclusion. They however esteem 
it a duty to impress you with some ideas which in certain 
conjunctures may serve you as leading principles, and 
be pleaded as motives. 

You will remember how much the welfare of Penn- 
sylvania depends on her export trade, and as a naviga- 
ble communication between the two 15aysofChes.ipeake 
and Delaware will aid our exports more or less accord- 
ino- to the extent to which the work may be prosecuted. 
You will herein have a sufficient motive to contend for 
the communication upon the largest practicable scale. 
A like consideration may induce Maryland to press more 
ji.articularly on the subject'of the Susquehanna naviga- 
tion. In this case that State should know that the im- 
provements there should eoirespond in extent with the 
views entertained with regard to the former navigation. 

The States, parties to the negociation have the s.imc. 
general objects, but as each may be attached to ways of 
"accomplishing them, particularly favorable to itself, un- 
less a spirit of mutual concession take place among the 
negotiators, a particular bias may tend to disappoint 
the main purpose. You will not therefore risque too 
much on that head, but sometimes jield in points not 
materiallv disadvantigeous to the State when it may be 
necessary to procure a general concurrence. 

If pri'ncii)les could be established to determine the 
comparative benefits to each state, from the new navi- 
gation, then the burthen of expcnce to be borne by each 
State might be precisely adjusted; but .as such accura- 
cy is not attainable, Council in this article are not averse 
to your application of the nile just laid down. 

CHARLES niDDLE, Vice President 

To the Hon. Francis Hopkinson,Esq. Dr. ,Iohn Ewing, 
David Rittenhousc, Robert Milligan, and George Lati- 
mer, Esqrs. 



THIRD ASXrAl DEPORT OF TRE 

BOARD OF INSPECTORS OF Tlir: EASTERN 

STATE PENITF.NTAUY. 
1 he Report of the Board of Inspectors of the E.astern 
State Penitentiary- for the year 1831, being the Third 
Annual Report made in conformitv with the act of 
April, 1829. 
To the Hunnrable the Senate and Uuuae of Representatives 
of the Commoniucutth of I'tnnsylvania. 
The term for which the members of the late boajd ' 
were commissioned, having expired, the following per- 
sons have been appointed iaspector.'!, by the honora- 
ble the judges of the Supreme Court; viz. Charles S. 
Cnxe, Thomas Hradforil, .Ir., Benjamin \\. Richards, 
John Bacon and \Yilli.iTu H. Hood; and the new board 
was organized by the election of the following members 
to the offices attached to their names respectively, vir. 
Charles S. Coie, President, 
Tbojcas BRAPronn, Jr. Pecrftary, 
.TOH.v Bacok, Treasurer. 

V6t. rx. 8 



The office of AVarden, continues to be held by Samc- 
Ei R. Wood, and, that of Physician by Dr. Fraskhx 
Baciie. 

During the hist year fifty pri.soiiers have been re- 
ceived ;it the Penitentiary; fifty-eight had been com- 
mitted at the date of the last annual report, making an 
aggTegate of 108 prisoners received at this institution 
since it was opened on the 1st day of July A. D. 1829. 
87 convicts now remain in confinement. A'arious mat- 
ters required by the acts of assembly to be particularly 
reported, are stated in the annexed table marked A. 

Four deaths have occurred; twelve prisoners have 
been discharged by expiration of their sentences; one 
convict has been pardoned without the recommenda- 
tion or interference of any of the officei-s of this institu- 
tion; the pardon liaving been obtained, it is understood, 
upon the favourable circumstances of the case, repre- 
sented by those acquainted with the prisoner and the 
facts, in the county in which he was convicted. There 
has been no escape. The general health of tlie prisoi^- 
ers has been good, and it is believed that no death has 
resulted from the confinement of tlie deceased, nor has 
any disease appeared among the prisoners that can bo 
attributed to this system. The opinion heretofore ex- 
pressed, that the practical operation of this institution is 
benffici.al to the moral and not injurious to the physical 
powers of the prisoners, has been confirmed by an- 
other year's experience and observation. 

The law which requires the appointment of a Reli- 
gious Instructor of the prisoners, providing that his ser- 
vices shall be gratuitous, the Board has been unable to 
obtain a suitable person to fill that important office. 
Moral and religious instruction forms one of the most im- 
portant features of the system, and will require the faith- 
ful, unremitting, and undivided attention of .a Chaplain, 
or Keliglous Instructor, whose duty it is to pass from 
cell to cell ; to visit every prisoner frequently during 
the week, to remain with him a considerable time, teach- 
ing him his duty to his Creator, his country, and him- 
self, and with the exercises of the Sabbatli, will require 
lus residence in the Penitentiary, or in its immediate 
neighbourhood. The whole time of any one etergy- 
man will certainly be required as soon as all the convicts 
of the Eastern District shall be confined within these 
walls. It is true, that " The Philadelphia Society for 
allevialins; Ihe Miseries of Public Prisons," and "The 
PhiLadelphia Bible Society," have continued to furnish 
the Holy Scriptures and other religious works, and that 
some clergymen have visited tlie prisoners, and, parti- 
cularly, that the Rev. Mr. James Wilson has performed 
divine service for some time, on every Sunday; and 
hence much good has resulted to the Institution; yet, in 
the opinion oftlieBo.'u-d,this branch of the system has not 
been satisfactorily and libei-ally carried into execution. 

Extracts from the Report of the Warden, marked B., 
from the Report of the Physician, m:u-kcd C, and tlie 
Report of the Building Committee, detiiiling the pro- 
gress of the Prison towanls completion, marked D., 
are respectfully submitted. 

The experience of anotlier year has also tended to 
confirm the opinion, that the prisoners can generally 
maintain themselves by their labour in solitude. The 
aged, the diseased, those under short sentences and re- 
quiring to be instructed in trades, in consequence of 
having no occupation that can be pursued in the Peni- 
tentiary, will form exceptions to this rule. 

Fin.-dly, the actual operation of the Penitenti.arj- Sys- 
tem of solitary confinement at Labour, with instruction 
in Labour, in morals, and in religion, has continued to 
command the approbation of the Board, and, in the 
opinion of its members, the friends of the Institution 
have great cause to rejoice in its success, as the best e\-i- 
dence of its excellence, and of the practical wisdom 
and humanitv of its founders. 

CHARLES S. COXE, President. 

Atteiit — T. Bradfobp, Jr., Sieretary. 
Eastern Sute Penitentiary of Fennsrlvanii, ? 
:d Januray, 183?. 5 



'58 



TABULAR STATEMENT. A 



[Jakcaiit 



Place of Nativity. 



Sentenced. 



Time. 



Offence. 



At what court tried. 



Times 
convt'd 



59 
60 
61 

I 62 
63 

I 64 
65 
66 
67 
68 
69 
70 



27 Male 

28; 

4-7 
31 
21 
24 
30 
21 



22 


27 
71'26 
72 28 
7321 
74 20 
75'19 
76 18 
7753 
7831 
79i21 
8018 
8125 
82 24 
83130 
84'23 
85'25 
86'46 

87,21 
8829 
89'52 

90 25 
9124 

92 46 

93 60 
9426 

95 21 

96 20 



Fern 



Male 



Ulster county, N.Y. 

Northumberland co. Pa. 

Sunbury, Pa. 

Lancaster, Pa. 

Philadelphia. 

Southern States. 

Orang'e county, N, Y 

Philadelphia. 

freland. 

Luzerne co. Pa. 

Connecticut. 

Delaware. 

N. Jersey. 

Philadelpliia. 

Delaware. 

Philadelphia. 

Bradford co. Fa. 

London. 

Delaware. 

Holland. 

Philadelphia. 

Berks co. Pa. 

Berks co. Pa. 

New York. 

Pennsylvania. 

England. 

England. 

York CO. Pa. 

Bucks CO. Pa. 
Chester co. Pa. 
England. 



— ^Ireland. 

— Delaware. 

— |England. 

— Pennsylvania. 

— .Virginia. 

— New Jersey. " 

— Delaware. 

— Fennsylvania- 

— London. 

— Philadelphia. 
Fem Delaware. 

— Delaware. 

Male Lancaster CO. Pa. 

— Maryland. 

— Philadelphia. 

— Philadelphia. 

— Ireland. 

— New Jersey. 

— Bucks CO. Pa. 



Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
March 16 
March 16 
April 5 
April 8 
April 30 
April 30 
April 30 
April 30 
.\pril 30 
April 30 
May 14 
June 23 
April 19 
July 9 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
AprU 21 
Aug. 16 
Sep. 12 
Sep. 28 
Oct. 4 



81831 
7 
17 



Oct. 
Oct. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Nov. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 



Passing countf. coin Q.S.Luzerne county Isi 

Forgery Q. S. Columbia Isi 

Horse stealing O. T. Dauphin Is' 

Forgery O. T. Lancaster 
19 ' 13 mon. Horse stealing Same 

19 ' 4 years Burglaiy Same 

Forgery Q. S. Philadelphia 
Forgery f.ame 

Horse stealing Q. S. York 

Hoi-se stealing Q. S. Luzerne 

Burglary O. T. Pliiladelpliia 
Same Same 

Same Same 

Same Same 

Manslaughter Same 

Manslaughter Same 

Horse stealing Q. S. Bradford 

Forgery Mayor's Court Phila. 

Horse steaUng O. T. Lancaster 

Forgery Mayor's Court Phila. 
Passing countf. coin O. T. Berks 
Burglary Same 

Arson Same 

Horse stealing Mayor's c't Lancaster 

Robbery O. T. Lancaster 

Horsestealing Q. S. Northumb'land 
Horse stealing Same 

Horsestealing Q. S.Lancaster 
Forgery Same 

Horsestealing Q.S.Bucks 
Intent to commitrape Q. S. Philadelphia 
.\ss'lt & battery with Mayor's Court Phila. 

intent to murder 

Larceny Mayor's Court Phila. 
Larceny Same 

Horse stealing Q. S. Schuylkill 

Perjury Q. S. Columbia 

Larceny Q- S. Cumberland 

Larceny Mayor's c't Lancaster 
Larceny Same 

.Arson O. T. Montgomery 

Burglary O. T. Delaware 

Burglary O. T. Philadelphia 
Manslaughter Same 

Manslaughter Same 

Murder O. T. Lancaster 

Robbery O. T. Dauphin 

Larceny Mayor's Court Phila. 
Larceny Same 

Larceny Same 

Larceny Same 

3 years Larceny Same 

THE rOHOWISG PBISOJTEnS ULVE BEBX DISCHAEGED IN 1831, WHO WEKE OF THE SUKBEB BEFOHTED 

AT LAST SESSIO 



1 year 
1 year 
2^ years 
4 yc.irs 

13 mon. 
4 years 

years 
years 
years 
year 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
year 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
years 
15 mon. 
1 year 
3 years 
7 years 
7 years 

14 mon. 
13 mon. 
3i years 

1 year 

2 years 

3 years 

3 years 

4 years 
2 years 
2 years 
2 years 

2 years 
12 years 

3 years 
2^ years 
3 years 
18 mon. 



Oct. 22 182912 
Nov. 11 ' 2 
Nov. 17 ' 2 
Nov. 25 ' 2 
Dec. 30 ' |l 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



years 
years 
years 
years 
year 



4 
19 
April 15 
July 31 
Aug. 17 
Aug. 17 
Aug. 17 
Oct. 6 
Oct. 9 



5 1830 2 years 



\l year 
15 mon 
1 year 
year 



1 18 — Harrisburg, Pa. 

5 42 — Franklin co. Pa. 

6 22 — New York. 
8 29 — Ohio. 

1 1 48 — Virginia. 

13 26 — New Jersey. 

1421 — New York. 

16 20 — South Carolina. 

23 31 — Pennsylvania. 

2634 — Delaware. 

33 28 — New Jersey. 

3819 — New York. 

39 20 — Northumberland co. Pa. 

43 35 — Delaware. 

45 43 — Maryland. ^^ 

♦Pardoned, ApriU, 1831 t Died, Oct. 18, 1831. t Time out, Oct. 22, 1831. || Time out, tio^Tu, ISST 

tJiP^j^AV^?^- loP'- 1T™^S"V=;K<'^ '■*^' '83'' " Jan. 17, I831_detained for coetB, 

+t n.ed, May 17, 1831 Jtljin. 17, 183 -detained for costs. || || Time out, April 19, 1831. 

^VTtme out, April 15, 133 . ".T'S^ ?'"l ^'^^.^■^' '^^l' *'* ^'^^' M"<^h 6, 1831. ttt Time out, Aug. 17, 1831. 
m Time out, Aug. 17, 1831. II II II Died, Aug. 20; 1831. ^MTime out, Nov. 9, 1831. 
Qj No prtsoner has ever been convicted a second time to this Peniteniaary. 



Burglary 
Horse stealing 
Horse stealing 
Horse stealing 
Horse stealing 
Forgery 
Forgery 
Horse stealing 
Forgery 
Forgery 
9 years Burglary 
|1 J'ear JHorse stealing 
1 J'ear [Horsestealing 
3 years Horse stealing 
13 mon. Robbery 



O. T. Delaware 
Q. S. Cumberland 
O. T. Lancaster 
Q. S. Adams 
O. T. Schuylkill 
Mayor's Court Phila. 
Q, S, Columbia 
Q. S. Lancaster 
Q. S. Montgomer}' 
Q. S. PhUadelphia 
O. T. Montgomery 
Q. S. Northumb'land 

Same 
Q. S. Philadelphia 
O. T. Lancaster 



1st* 

2d| 
lst§ 

istTT 

3d" 

4thtt 

Isttf 

2dl|| 

2d§§ 

Istll 

Isf* 

Istttt 

Istt+t 

Istlllll 

lst§§§ 



^835.] 



EASTERN PENITENTIARY. 



59 



ElTRACT FHOM TH£ WaHDSs's RKPOBT. — B 

In taking a review ot tlie operations of the Peniten- 
tiary for the past year, it is gratifying' to find, that no- 
thing has occurred to discourage, but much to prompt 
us in a steady persevei-ance in tlie Pennsylvania System 
of Prison Discipline. 

The general health of the prisoners has been good; 
and (if we are not much mistaken and deceived by ap- 
pearances) the moral effect produced on many who have 
undergone our discipline, has been and is of the most 
beneficial character. 

The ccnduct of tlie prisoners has been such, as rarely 
to require correction or punishment-, for the last three 
months, we have had but two instances for which even 
a meal has been stopped for bad behaviour. 

One of those received the past year is an idiot; T/ell 
known to be such in the county from which he came: 
and I believe that I am warranted in saying, (from testi- 
mony that I have received, ) he would not have been 
convicted if he had not been a troublesome fellow in the 
neigbborhood, which circumstance rendered his remo- 
val from it desirable. We received a convict of a simi- 
larcharacter in 1830: both of these prisoners were on the 
day of their arrival, much more fit subjects for tlie Alms 
House, than the Penitentiary. 

The proportion of deaths is large foi- the number of 
prisoners, but can in no respect be attributed to the sys- 
tem of confinement. No. 13, was a remarkably healthy, 
robust young man, and had enjoyed excellent health up 
to the day when he was attacked by Epilepsy, which 
carried him off in a few hours. Two others came in 
diseased: one of them to such a degree that he was car- 
ried from the stage to the cell, and rarely if ever, sat up 
in bed afterwards. I have no doubt but the severity of 
a ride of sl.\ty miles, in his weak state, very much hast- 
ened his dissolution. The other was in a delicate state 
of health when he came in, and gradually sunk into a 
decline. 

Of the whole number discharged from the commence- 
ment of the establishment, we have received an unfavor- 
able account of but one. This was an old convict who 
lias been passing from one prison to another for the last 
15 years; and through deception and tlie lenity of the 
judge, was sentenced to but one year. When he was 
discharged I h;id Uttle expectation of his doing well: he 
has however, shown a decided disposition to avoid tliis 
prison hereafter. 

Of the 87 prisoners now in custody, 43 are employed 
in the weaving and dying department; 18 in the shoe- 
making; 2 in the carving; 4 in the blacksmith; 3 in the 
carpenter; 1 in the carnage making; 2 in the locksmith; 
1 in the tailoring; 2 in the wool picking; 1 in the cook- 
ing; and I in the wasliing departments: 3 are indispos- 
ed; 2 are idiots; 1 man aged 73, is too infirm to work, 
and 3 just received luavc not been employed. 

It is satisfactory to find on a settlement of our ac- 
counts, that under all tlie disadvantages'of a new esta- 
blishment, the convicts have with a few exceptions, 
maintained themselves; proving that prisoners can in 
many bi-anches of business work to quite as great ad- 
vantage in separate confinement as together. The ex- 
ceptions are one old man, the diseased, and a few who 
came in without trades, and had but 1 year or 13 months 
to serve: this period being too short to learn a trade, 
and afford time to remunerate us for teacliing them. 

In conclusion, I may congratulate the Board on the 
prosperous state of the Penitentiary in ever>- respect, 
and I humbly hope by divine aid, that it will prove a 
blessing to most, if not to all, of the unhappy persons 
who arc brought within its walls. 

Extract fbom PuTticii.ts RironT. — C 

To the Inspectors of the Eastern Penitentiarj-; the 
Physician respectfully presents his anuual renort for 
1831. ^ 

The health of the prisoners for ihii year his been gen- 



erally good; though a few cases of severe indisposition 
have occurred. The confinement operates differently 
on different prisoners. Increasing llie health of some, and 
lessening that of otliers; but the average health of tlie 
whole is, perhaps, as good as when tliey were received. 
Four deaths have occurred in the course of the year. 
The following table presents the state of health on 
admission, and cause of death, of each of these prison- 
ers. 



Numbtr of the St ate of Health 
Prisoner. on admission. 



2X 
13. 
43. 

77. 



Good. 

Tolerable. 

Doubtful. 



Cause of 

Death. 
Dropsy of the chest. 
Epileps)'. 
Disease of Mesenteric 

Glands. 



S3 from a ") , . . 
. ( Injury t^ 



to hip and 



Helpless from a ' 

severe 

hip and 1 

The avemge number of prisouei-s in the Penitentiary 
for the year has been 67.4. Four deaths having oc- 
curred, gives the mortality for the year at a little less 
than six percent. The aver;;ge number confined in 1830, 
was 31; and there having occuiTed but one deatli, the 
mortality for that year is a little ir.ore than 3 per cent. 
The average number confined since the opening of the 
Penitentiary has been 4-1.4. The total number of deaths 
having been five, gives the average amount of mortality, 
from the commencement, at a Uttle less than five per 
cent. 

Tl.e mortality of the present year, it is perceived, is 
considei'ably gi-eater than for the last. The Board how- 
ever will obseri'c, that in 1831, accidental circumstances 
have increased tlie number of fatal cases. The phy- 
sician deemed the health of No. 33, to be good when 
he arrived; but dissection revealed the existence of ex- 
tensive disease of the chest of long standing, which no 
doubt laid the foundation of the affection, of which he 
died. No. 43, was in bad health when admitted. No. 
77 arrived from a neighbouring county in a state of 
complete helplessness, from a fracture of the neck of 
the thigh bone and other serious injuries. His condi- 
tion was such that he kept his bed from the moment of 
his reception to the day of his death. He was evident- 
ly not in a proper condition, to be removed from the 
county prison, much less to undergo tlie fatigue of a 
long journey. 

It is difficult to form an estimate of what will proba- 
bly be the average mortality among the prisoners in tlie 
Penitentiary for a scries of years, from results deduced 
from so sm.all a number of prisoners as have yet been 
received. This difficulty arises from the circumstance, 
that while the number of the prisoners is so sm.all, a 
single deatli bears so large a proportion to the whole 
number confined as to swell the per centage of mortali- 
ty very considerably. 

No particular disease can be said toprevail in the Pen- 
itentiary, as the result of the mode of confinement or 
dlscipUne; and no ment.al affection has been superinduc- 
ed. The affections which have occurred most fre- 
quently have been Coughs, Rheumatic pains, and Di- 
arrliaa, 

Rr.ponT or BciLSiirc Comwittez. — D 

The Building Committee while offering their report 
in rel.ation to the erection of additional cell buildings, 
have to express tlieir regret, that more progress has 
not been made toward their completion. 

Notwithstanding the work w.as commenced late in 
the season, yet tliey did hope that the year would not 
have closed upon them wilhout witnessing the entire 
erection under roof of one of the blocks of the build- 
ings. 

The numerous houses that have been placed under 
contract the past year in the city and its vicinity caused 
an excessive demand for materials of all kinds: this cir- 
cumstance, combined with the construction of the 
Breakwater, created to great request for •ur important 



60 



LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY. 



[Janoaut 



and principal material, stone — that great difiiculties were 
presented in procuring' a full and constant supply of 
that article, and consequently impeded very much the 
pxpected rapidity of the work. 

'I'owardthe close of the building season this impedi- 
mfint seemed to have been removed by a contract with 
the proprietor of an extensive quarry who did not 
doubt his ability to supply us. A few loads were re- 
ceived from him, when the unexpected and sudden ap- 
proach of severely cold weather put an entire stop to 
the further reception of stone, as also to the masons' 
work, and they w-ere obliged to resort to measures to 
secure the work already done from the effects of frost, 
at least one month earlier than they had anticipated. 

Altho\igh the progress of the work has been con- 
stantly under the supervision of the Members of the 
Board, it may not be deemed improper for the Commit- 
tee to give some general account of the work done, the 
materials purchased and its present situation. 

On or about the 1st of June the preparatory arrange- 
ments were made by the Architect and Superintendant, 
by fixing the levels and laying- out the foundations, for 
tliree blocks of buildings, radiating from the centre in 
conformity with tlie original plan; and about loth of 
the same month n number of laborers with horses and 
carts were employed to dig and remove the superincum- 
bent Earth: in the performance of this labour not less 
than ten thousand yards of earth were taken away. 

The Masonry was begun on the eleventh day of July, 
and continued as vigorously as circumstances would ad- 
mit, until the severity of the season forbad further pro- 
gress, when the number of perches laid amounted to 
near 4000. 

In the North block 44 large and 50 smaller cast iron 



JosiAH White had resigned his off.ce as Acling Mana- 
ger at Mauck Chunk, and removed his residence to Phil- 
adelphia — it was, on motion, unanimously. 

Resolved, that the thanks ofthe Stockholders be pre- 
sented to him for his able and valuable services, during 
the long period of his arduous appointment. 
From the minutes, 

EDWIN AVALTEE, Secretary. 

At an election held on the 9th January, 1833, the fol- 
lowing named persons were chosen officers ofthe Le- 
high Coal and Navigation Company, for the ensuing- 
year: viz. 

Presidenl . 
Joseph Watso:?, Esa- 



Josiah White, 
Erskine Hazard, 
Timothy Abbott, 
Thomas Earp, 
Ephraim Haines, 



Managers. 

John Cook, 
George Peterson, 
Jonathan K. llassinger, 
Evans Rogers, 
John McAllister. 

2 reasurer. 
Otis Ammidon. 



REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS. 

The Slanagers of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation 
Company, in offering their annual communication to 
the Stockholders, have again to regret, tliat contrary to 
the anticipations of their last Report, they have been 
unable to derive any material benefit from either the 
Delaware or Moms canal, and have therefore been pre- 



door frames and cases are fixed and completed with the j vented from carrying the ir business", to the 'extent for 
cast iron shields in front of the openings for admission ^vhich arrangements had been made. 



The Morris Canal was not ready for use until within 
a few weeks ofthe close ofthe season; but a considera- 
ble number of boats laden chieflv with coal from Mauch 



of warm air into the cells. 50 other door castings, and 
100 sky hght fr.ames are fitted and prepared for placing 

in their respective situations as soon as they mav be re- „, , . .^ , ^r ^a Ann * 

quired. 150 brackets of cast iron for tlie support of i Chunk, a portion ofthe contract for 50,000 tons men- 
the gallerv t-; be placed in front of the second tier of] tioned m our last Report, were passed throughout the 
ceUs in the North Block are also prepared and - readv i ''vhole Ime from the Delaware to Newark Bay. It is a 
for use as soon as wanted. The whole number of Pieces | highly gratifying cu-cumstance that this canal is now com- 
of iron Castings consists of 334 door frames, 116 skv ! pleted, and its successful operation during the short pe- 
liphts, 255 slides to cover warm air openings into the { riod referred to, furnishes an assurance that in the co- 
.?ii. ion k,.,^Vofc fn- c„r„^r>rt of tr^iu,-,. It, co,-r,T,^ ming scasou it Will enable US greatly to extend our busi- 
ness with the New York market, and with the exten- 
sive agricultural and manufacturing districts through 
which the canal passes, 
above eround,and those of the North, readv for arching : Vigorous efforts under the direction of the Canal 
as soon as the season will permit, for which purpose • Commissioners have been made to perfect the naviga- 
150 000 bricks have been purchased and are now on ; t'O" of the Delaware canal;— its lower section from 
the site There is also a considerable quantity of lum- ^'e«' «ope to tide water at Bristol, has been, during the 



cells. 180 brackets for support of gallery in second 
story. 15 pieces, 8 inch pipe, 18 pieces iron steps for 
stair way. 

The walls of the West and North West blocks are 



season, with very little interruption, in navigable order; 
but tills has been of no avail to the Company, as the 
chain of communication with the Lehigh was incomplete, 
in consequence of the upper section, from Easton to 
New Hope, being incapable of holding a sufficient 



JOHN BACON, 
WM. H. HOOD. 
To the Board of Inspectors, &c. 



Building 
Committee. 



ber, a portion of which is intended for wooden doors 
and floors of the cells. The lime has been regularly 
delivered as required, by Daniel Davis who furnished 
through the season 3709 bushels. 

The Committee hope to be prepared to commence . i,. ■ j r- - i 

ae-ain as soon as the approaching season for building will ; depth of water. We are now .assured from personal ex- 
warrant; and, thev trust with more confidence in obtain- ! a™"^tion, and from sources of undoubted information, 
in- the materials than thev heretofore had. t^iat this work will be in navigable order throughout 

" "- - - _ .. .. the line, at an early period of the approaching' season. 

As, however, it may be satisfactory to the Stockholders 
to know the views ofthe State Commissioners, we sub- 
join extracts from their recent annual communication to 
the legislature; — their remarks on the subject are thus 
introduced: 

" At the last annual Report ofthe Canal Commission- 
ers, December 31, 1830, in speaking of this division 
they say, that, 'the filling ofthe canal for navigation in 
its whole course, commenced in October 183U;' and 
that, 'twenty-five miles are navigable;' but they add, 
that, 'a part of the work first constructed has prov- 
ed defective and requires extensive repairs.' This last 
observation has been verified by tlie fact, that since that 
time, the two Supervisors on the Delaware division have 
expended $97,339 51 on repairs, and in introducing 



REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS 

OF THE 

LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY, 

To the StacMolders, January 9, 1832. 

At the stated annual meeting ofthe Stockholders ofthe 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, January 9, 
1832, 

JAMES McALPIN, Chairman. 
Information being- communicated to the meeting, tha^ 



1832.] 



LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY. 



61 



feeders, uml the whole line Is not yet ready for naviga- 
tion. The original plan and construction of large por- 
tions of this division have proved to be exceedingly de- 
fectii'C; and, although every exertion has been made 
throughout the yoar, by the officers on the line, to fill 
tie whole canal with water, yet their etforts have here- 
tofore proved unsuccossfid. 

The twenty-five miles of canal between New Hope 
and Bristol, was open for navigation on tlie 2Uth of last 
March; and has continued in good order, tliroughout tlie 
season, with but two or three weeks' interruption, caus- 
ed by the falling of the water in the river from which it 
was supplied: but for want of a connection with tlie up- 
per portion of the canal, this part of it has been .almost 
useless. The water from the head of the can;U at Eas- 
ton, has within a short period reached New Hope, and 
confident expectations are entertxiined that tlie whole 
line will yet be filled, ready for an active navigation next 
season. 

The porous nature of the soil along the Delaware, has 
demonstrated the fallacy of the original design, of feed- 
ing the entire 60 miles of canal from the Leiiigh. Hence 
it has been found necessary to introduce other feeders; 
one for conveying into the canal, the waters of Durham 
creek, about ten miles below E.aston; it is 1S90 feet 
long, and 12 feet wide at the bottom; and another near 
LumberviUe, by which the water of Milton creek is 
conveyed into tlie canal; it is 1509 feet long. Tempo- 
rary feeders have also been constructed on sections 54 
and 61, which will not be required when the repairs of 
the canal are completed." 

The above extracts show the causes which have so 
long delayed the completion of the Delaware canal. 

During' the last two years there have been freshets on 
the Lehigh, unusually great, and of a character hereto- 
fore almost unknown; by means of which, parts of our 
works sustained some damage, which have however 
been effectually repaired at no great expense. The re- 
sistance offered to these freshets strongly proves the 
correctness of the opinion^ that our works have gener- 
ally been constructed in a manner, the most substantial 
and permanent. 

The Lehigh canal throughout, is now in good order, 
and prepared for immediate business. 

The i-ail-road to, the old Coal Mine,is in good working 
condition, and a large quantity of coal is there uncover- 
ed and ready for quan-ying. 

The new rail-road of about four and a half miles in 
length, connecting the Room Run mines, with the land- 
ingatM.auch Chunk, will be completed with a small 
additional expenditure during the spring; and will en.a- 
ble the Company to supply any amount of coal which 
_ may be required. 

The great and rapidly increasing consumption of an- 
thracite coal in the United States, which entirely ex- 
hausted all the stocks in market the past year, with the 
fact that there is still a deficiency of supply to the 
.amount probably of from 30,000 to 50,000 tons, ren- 
ders it cert.ain lliat a very extensive m.arket is already 
open for the produce of the mines, and that, with the 
Delaware and Morris canals fairly in operation, the Com- 
pany will command a business more proportioned to its 
immense resources than has yet been practicable. 

Although from the causes detailed, the Managers are 
still unable to declare a dividend on the investments of 
the Stockholders, yet they are of the opinion, from the 
present situ.ation and prospect of affairs, that the cur- 
rent year will terminate their dis.appointments, and ena- 
ble them at lengtli to cond\ict a business which will 
greatly increase in .amount and inprofit, and yield, not 
only reasonable dividends, butalso the means of reduc- 
ing the loans which the construction of their canal 
and of other permanent works have compelled them to ; 
contract. ] 

It is expected that at Iea,st 100,000 tons of co.al will j 
be shipped from Mauch Chunk for the supply of the , 



coming season. A contract has already been made for 
mining and delivering it on board the boats; and adver- 
tisements have been issued for proposals to perform 
other parts of the service of bringing coal to market 

Lehigh coal, both at home and abroad, has continued 
to maintain its good name, and is deservedly deemed an 
article of superior quality. 

The whole quantity brought from the mine, in the 
past year, including the sales at Mauch Chunk, was 
44,500 tons; which, together with 10,500 tons on 
hand from 18o0, has all been sold, making tlietot;d sales 
of the Company in 1831, 55,00j tons. 

In consequence of the expectation held out by many 
persons, in the spring of List year, that a reduction 
would be made in the price of coal, orders were so 
long withheld, that all our yards became completely 
filled, and we were obhged to discontinue bringing 
it down in the month of August. Afterwards the scai'- 
city of vessels, by raising the price, of freight, so much 
reduced the shipments of coal, that it was supposed no 
more than tlie quantity on hand could be disposed of, 
and therefore the business of transporting coal from 
Mauch Chnuk was not resumed, nor did it apjieur proba- 
ble that there would be any scarcity, until the cold 
weather actually set in; — notwithstiinding, however, tlie 
tardiness of consumers, here and abroad, in furnishing 
Uieir orders, and the consequent want of room in" the 
Company's yards, the Managers would have considered 
themselves justifiable in ordering a large additional 
quantity to be brought to market, if they could have 
had the use of the Delaware canal, by means of which 
they could have increased their stocks at a much reduc- 
ed cost. 

The prospect of speedily realizing a h.andsome profit 
by the sale and improvement of water powers .and town 
lots, is highly encoura.ging. There are probably no 
scites in the country offering advantages to enterprising 
individuals for the location of manufactories and other 
large establishments, equ.al to those which will be found 
on the Lehigh, arising from the easy access which the 
Delaw.are canal, and the Morris and' liaritan canals, af- 
ford to the markets of Philadcljihia and New York,' and 
the concentration of a large amount of power in each 
location. All these advantages .are more particularly 
evident at South Easton, a new town recently laid out 
by the Company. At this place the whole power of the 
river may be applied under a head of 23 feet. It is sit- 
u.ate at the junction of the Lehigh canal with the Dela- 
ware and Morris canals; opposite to the flourishing town 
of Easton, the seat of justice for the county, and con- 
t.aining about 4,000 inh.abitants; inthemidstof a rich 
agricultural country-, surrounded by a healthy, industri- 
ous and numerous population, and 'in the im'mcdiatc vi- 
cinity of inexhaustible bodies ofiron, coal .and limestone. 
•■VU the articles of subsistence are cheap and abundant! 
This town is distant, hy canal, about SOmiles from Phihi- 
dclphia, 06 miles from New York and 46 miles froiii 
Mauch Chunk, from whence to Berwick on the Susque- 
hanna, 32 miles, there is a good turnpike road. A por- 
tion of the water power and some of the town lots at 
this place arc already disposed of A number of town 
lots have also been sold at Nesquihoning, and the nume- 
rous inquiries made for them there, as well as at Mauch 
Chunk and South Easton, show that the public .attenlion 
is directed towards these promising settlements. 

The amount of tolls on the canal during the year 
1831, w.a.'i.about ? 15,000; of which the chief p.art was 
for coal shipped by the Company. 

For further inform.ation relative to many of the de- 
tails of the operations on the Lehigh, reference Is made 
to the report of the Acting Manager, which is herewith 
submitted. 

In conclusion, the Managers repeat the assurance, 
that their confidence in the successful issue of the enter- 
prise of the Company, is unabated, fully bellering that 
the Stockholders will ere long be amply compensated 



63 



LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY. 



[JiircAfi^ 



for their perseverance throug'h several years of difficul- 
ty and discourag-ement. 

By order of the Board of Managers. 

JOSEPH WATSON, Peesidei7t. 
PniLADELrHiA, Januar)' 9th. 1832. 

THE ACTIXG MANAGER REPORTS, 

That the stocks on hand, under his care at Mauch 
Chunk, Sic. are the following': — viz. 
3,355,567 feet of lumber for building boats, &c. &c. 
2,056 tons of coal at Mauch Chunk, 
300 tons of coal in boats, frozen up in the Le- 
high canal, 
800 tons of coal at South Easton, 
308 coal wagons for the i-ail-road to the old coal 
quarrj-, 
21 mule wagons for do. do. 
44 dirt wagons at old coal quarry, 
9 wagons of various descriptions for rail-road, 
115 mules, 
33 horses, 

9 oxen, 
24 canal boats for boating coal, 
ii6 do. for other work on canal, 

28 coal wagons for Room Run rail-road, 
13 dirt and truck wagons for do. do. 
270,000 tons of coal uncovered at the old coal 
quarry. 
At Room Run mines we have the foUomng prepara- 
tions for quarrying and mining coal: viz. 

6,000 tons uncovered and ready for quarrying at 
the 50 feet vein. 
540 tons uncovered and ready for quarrying at 
the 26 feet vein, which is vertical. 
4,500 tons uncovered and readv for quarrying at 
the 39 feet vein. 
We have made an open cut to hard and merchanta- 
ble coal to one point in the 19 feet vein, and one point 
in the 12 feet vein, and to four points in the 28 feet vein 
— and in each of these points we have run drifts or lanes 
into the coal veins; tlie sides of these lanes constitute 
the working breasts of the mine, and the lanes have a 
rail-road in each, corresponding with the main rail-road, 
so that the load will be put in the wagon in tlie mines, 
and not be changed until capsized from the wagons into 
the canal boat at Mauch Chunk landing. 

The rail-road to the Room Run mines will be finished 
in the ensuing spring. It is divided into eight sections. 
The foot or end of the rail road at Hise. Length. 
Mauch Chunk is elevated above 
the dam, 14.23 ft. 

Sect. No. 1, is from Mauch Chunk 
landing, to self-acting 
plane, 11.90 1,200 ft. 

" 2, self-acting plane, 120.15 1,260 
" 3, for horse power, 1 foot 

rise in 100 feet, 97.29 9,912 

" 4, for horse power, 10 

inches rise in 100 feet, 96.51 11,347 
" 5, self-acting plane at 

Room Run, 120.15 1,260 

" 6, self-acting plane inclu- 
ding the flat part at 
head of sect. 5, up 
Room Run, 54.82 891 

^ From the head of sect; 

6 commence our coal 
workings. 
" 7, for horse power, one 

foot rise in 100 feet, 11.15 1,160 
" 8, for horse power, 22.50 750 



Total, 548.70 27,780 

The whole of the lanes and drifts for working the 

coal up Room Run, lie on a level with, or above, sections 

7 and 8. 

The grade of tliis road is of the best inclination for 

economy of transportation, and its width is calculated 



for a double track throughout. Sections No. 3 and 4,- 
will, however, for the present, have a single tract; the 
remainder of the road, will have double tracks. Sec- 
tions No. 1, 2, 5, 7 and 8, will have wooden siUs; and 
sections No. 3 and 4 have sills of stone blocks, and cast 
iron knees. The rails are five inches by seven inches 
thick, and mostly of oak. Sections No. 3 and 4 are 
about four miles in length, upon which horse power is 
intended to be used. The horses or mules will descend 
by gravity, as on our old road, and pull back the empty 
wagons. On these sections there are twenty slight 
curves, with a uniform radius of about 1600 feet to each, 
and between the curves the road is perfectly straight. 

With regard to the extent of the Room Run mines, I 
refer to the description in my last annual Report, which 
is confirmed by the examinations of the past year. 

The following freight was transported on the Lehigh 
canal in 1831: 

Coal, - - 42,743 tons. 

Grain, - 400 " 

Flour, - - 2,396 " 

Salt, - - - 2i " 

Salt fish, beef and pork, 27i " 

Beer, porter, and cider, 4 J " 

Other provisions, - 23J " 

Whiskey, - - 182J " 

Hay and straw, - 64J " 

Lumber, - - 2,430 " 

Cord wood, - 1,084 " 

Brick, - - 7i " 

Slate, - - 418 " 

Lime, and limestone, 3,684 " 

Other stone, and sand, 21 " 

Iron, - - 315 " 

Pitch, tar and rosin, IJ " 

Other Merchandize, 63^ " 



Total, 53,868 tons. 

The whole line of our canal had five feet water in it 
during a portion of the past year, and the navigation 
was uninterrupted throughout the season, except a few 
weeks in the 10th month last, when some breaks were 
made by tlie highest freshet experienced on the Lehigh, 
since our settling in that country. Those breaches are 
repaired, and the banks raised and strengthened; but 
thei-e yet remains to be done some walling and embank- 
ment to make it entirely secure, which, I estimate, will 
cost a further sum of sixteen hundred dollars. 

The total quantity of coal brought from our coal 
quarries, the past year, was 44,683 tons. To transport 
this coal from Mauch Chunk, it required, besides 157 
loads by canal boats, 616 box boats which took above 
4,700,000 feet of lumber for their construction; the total 
length of box boats built during the year was 10 miles 
nearly. 

The total amount of coal shipped by us from 1820, 
inclusive, to this time, is 247,244 tons, requiring above 
36 milUons of feet of lumber, and a total length of the 
temporary box boats exceeding 97J miles. These gen- 
eral totals are mentioned, to show the immensity of the 
line of boats built,and the lumber required to transport so 
small a quantity of coal, owing to our getting but one 
voyage out of each boat, before it is broken up ; where- 
as, if we hadhad canals from the beginning, as we now 
have, and all this lumber had been converted into canal 
boats, it would have transported on the canals, fifty loads 
of coal to each boat, making in the whole upwards of 
fourteen millions of tons. This comparison of the vast 
amount of labour bestowed to send so small a quantity 
of coal to market, by the channels of the river, with 
what the same amount of labour would effect, by the 
canals and improvements as they are now made, is very 
striking. It makes the coal we have heretofore sent 
away, appear as no more than mere samples, w hen we 
consider the capabilities of our natural resoui'ces. 

The Delaware canal has disappointed our hopes of 
business hitherto, owing to the upper part, for 34 miles. 



1832.] 



LEHIGH COAL AND NAVIGATION COMPANY. 



63 



being fed exclusively from the Lehigh end, and that 
some of it was badly made, and the lower part could 
not be tried until the upper part was made sound. A 
feeder is now nearly ready to be introduced, 10 miles 
below Easton, and another, 26 to 27 miles below that 
place; so that the canal in future will be well fed. This 
canal was largely repaired last year, but it was not till 
the 1 1th month, just before the setting in of the winter, 
that the upper part was made strong enough to hold 
water sufficient to supply tlie lower part; since then it 
held 4 to 4J feet for a considerable time, and so as to en- 
able us to send a boat with 25 tons of coal to within 4 
miles of New Hope. 

The line on the Delaw.are consists of, 

88 inland sections of about half a mile each, which 

w'Jl never require much repair. 
17 river sections, which are good, and will not re- 
quire more than ordinary' repair. 
13 river sections, made with sand on coarse stone 
base and sides, which will require the banks to 
be loaded with gravel. 
Total, 118 sections, making about 60 miles; in which 
are 23 locks. 

The 13 sections above mentioned, will have hands on 
tliem early in the spring to cover the banks with gravel, 
90 as to prevent breaks, and thus keep a constant and 
uninterrupted navigation in the coming season, or as 
nearly so, I presume, as the best otnew canals. 

The Slorris canal has also had its difficulties the past 
season. These difficulties were confined, however, to a 
few ordinary breaks in the canal, and mainly to about a 
mile of lime stone sinks; these sinks, as fir as known, 
are conquered, and the method pui-sued with them, puts 
it in the power of the Superintendant to fill them up 
speedily. 1 here has been nothing essentially wrong, to 
prevent the planes from working, when well supplied 
with water; and the lack of water was occasioned by the 
length of time necessary to fill a new canal; and not by 
any deficiency in the fountains or sources of supply. 
The planes all work well, and present no interruption^ 
so far from it, that the first flour boat from near Easton, 
made a trip to Newark and back, a distance of 180 
miles, in about seven d;iys (exclusive of the time she re- 
mained at Newark. ) The navigation was open at the 
Delaware end, for two or three weeks only, before the 
close of tlic season; during which time 39 boats passed 
through the can;il, and of course over tlic defective part. 
The whole of the work, when frost set in this winter, 
was in good navigable order. 

Our business for the next season, will not, therefore, 
rest on works that are altogetlier untried; and had our 
prospects, last spring, been as well based, as they now 
are, m the sec\ire use of the Delaware and the Morris ca- 
nals, we should have had such a stock of coal on hand in 
market, as to have prevented all distress for want of fu- 
el on the sea board. For it will be seen that our Com- 
pany sent from the mines, the past year, only about 
41,000 tons, while the supply from all our neighbors was 
134,000 tons — whereas our present means and facilities 
are much greater than theirs, and of course authorize the 
expectation of a much greater supply. And when we 
get fairly under way, if we don't do a greater coal busi- 
ness than all our neighbours put together, it will be be- 
cause we are less industrious, or manage worse than they 
do; nature having done so much more for. us. I don't 
mean by these remarks to s,ay, that our neighbours are 
not ivelt o'.y, but only to say we are belter off. 

Although a series of circumstances has diverted the 
public feeling, hitherto, from cffecling the continuo\is 
navigation from the Lehigh to the canal on the North 
branch of tlie Susquelianna, by the long contemplated 
Nescopeck route, yet, whenever the people pause and 
select the best ground or line, for the general good, they 
will undoubtedly point ihc public finder to this line, as 
the one most to be desired. The use of planes, like 
those of the Morris canal, would so much reduce the de- 
tention or interruption from locicage, u to require, in 



the whole distance from Mauch Chunk to Berwick, no 
more time than about thirty common lift locks. 

It is now the twenty-second year since I commenced 
operations in the works of internal improvement, at the 
Falls of Schuylkill, in which time I have been absent 
from that kind of service very few days. It is also the 
fourteenth year since I began, with my colleague, E. 
Hazard, our labours at Mauch Chunk and on the Lehigh; 
and it may therefore be expected that I should have a 
tolerably matured idea of tlie works of a Company in 
whose history I have formed some prominent part. The 
Lehigh Company, which was incorporated in 1822, 
started in 1818, with a lease on certain coal lands which 
they have since purchased in fee, and with a grant of 
authority from the Legislature of Pennsylvania to im- 
prove tjie navigation of the Lehigh river, which grant 
reser\-ed to the public the right of using the said im- 
proved navigation or canal, on payment of tlie tolls fix- 
ed by law. A temporaiy and cheap navigation was 
made in the river, by artificial freshets, to enable the 
Company to send their coal to Philadelphia, and try the 
experiment, whether it would sell. This temporary 
navigation, was completely successful, and five years 
clasped, viz: from 1820 to 1824 inclusive, before An- 
thracite coal was brought regularly to the Philadelphia 
market from any other quarter than the Lehigh. The 
experience of those years encouraged the opinion, that 
the market would sustain the cost of a canal from Mauch 
Chunk to tide. To ensure then, an early completion of 
such a navigation, our Company felt the necessity of 
leading, or making their improvement ahead of the pub- 
lic, who eventually decided on making the Delaware ca- 
nal. The labour of pioneering, therefore, naturally fell 
on us. The whole work is now done. The line of na- 
vigation may now be considered .as complete from Mauch 
Chunk to Philadelphia, by tlie Delaware canal, and to 
New York, by the .Morris canal. The latter canal passes 
through a thickly settled district of countr)-, with an ac- 
tive and wealthy population, and promises a large mar- 
ket for coal along its banks. Our own canal is calcula- 
ted to pass up and down 400 tons each way per hour; and 
although this is probably beyond all demand, it is of 
much moment to know, that the lasting advantage to the 
Company from making so good a canal, is, that every 
ton of coal or other freight that p;isses on it, will be car- 
ried at the lowest possible cost. 

The improvements at Mauch Chunk, &c., are all 
made and adapted to a coal business of great magnitude. 
The finish of the rail-ro.ad to the Room Run mines, men- 
tioned above, essentially closes all our outlays, for per- 
manent improvements from our mines to our'm.arkets. 

Our coal field is explored for a number of miles — and, 
however large the sum of all the veins in any other An- 
tliracite region or section of coal field, may "be, our sec- 
tion at Room Run alone, as far as now opened, exposes 
to view a body of coal much larger than has been dis- 
covered and made known, in this or any other country. 

The coal here is not surpassed in quality, it being of 
our best kind, and it lies so .as to drain itself; while the 
rail-road, which will rank with the best in any country, 
descends from the mines, the whole distance to the place 
of shipment at M.auch Chunk. 

The old coal mines or quarries, from which we have 
exclusively drawn our supplies heretofore, and which 
we still continue to work, lie ncirthetop of tlie moun- 
tain, nine miles byrail-ro.ad from the landing at Mauch 
Chunk. The fifty feet vein opened at Room Run, four 
miles from tlie Lehigh, is evidently a continuation of 
these mines. In case of any sudden and great demand, 
there is .abundant sp.ace in the old mines Oiemselves, by 
extending the uncovering, to employ such a number of 
workmen in getting out coal, sls to nicet any emergency. 
Such then is the state of our pr6pcrty. It has just at- 
tained maturity, and in my opinion, is ready to produce 
results that will repay us for our perseverance in a great 
enterprise, involving large disbursementa, on which the 



64 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[jAlTCARr 



stockliolders have been deprived of an income for se- 
veral years. All which is respectfollv submitted, 

JOSIAH AVHITE, Acting Manager. 
Philadelphia, 1st mo. 7th, 1832. 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 

Saturday, Januarxj 2lsl, 1832. 

SELECT COUNCIL— Mr. Pettit offered the fol- 
lowing- preamble and resolution, which were agreed to. 

The select .and Common Councils of the City of Phi- 
ladelphia, having' learned with deep regret, that a bill 
to incorporate the York and Maryland line Rail Road 
Company, has passed the House of Representatives and 
is pending in the Senate of Pennsylvania, deem it their 
solemn duty to express their sentiments and the senti- 
ments of the people of Philadelphia upon this impor- 
tant subject. Aware, .as they are, of the principles upon 
which the system of internal improvement in this com- 
monwealth was established, and of the inducements of- 
fered from time to time, by tlie legislature under the 
sanction and encouragement of the people, for its vigor- 
ous prosecution by the investment of capital and the em- 
ployment of skill and labour, — the Councils are not will- 
ing to believe that an act will be passed by the authori- 
ties of Pennsylvania, which shall permit and direct a de- 
parture from the original design of connecting the 
AVestern waters of the Commonwealth with the City of 
Philadelphia as the first and grand object of the system, 
and which shall, before the successful and thoroughly 
tested accomplishment of that object, carr^^ the chain of 
communication into another State, that contributed no- 
thing to the work, but will thus realize immense advan- 
tages at the expense of Pennsylvania. The Councils 
cannot be so short-sighted .as to admit that the bill has re- 
ference only to the trade of the county of York and the 
adjacent country-, but regard it witli those who have 
heretofore most strenuously urged its adoption, as in- 
tended to offer to Baltimore" the great ti-ade of Pennsyl- 
vania, and of the Western states and territories passing 
through Pennsvlvania; — a trade wliich the public works 
of the State mU bring to a point on the Susquehanna 
so near to the town of York, that the improvements 
now in progress between the Susquehanna and that 
town, and the contemplated works in Maryland, with 
tlie aid of the charter now asked of the legislature 
of Pennsylv.ania, will complete the communication from 
such point to the City of Baltimore. That this is the 
object in view has not been and could not have been 
concealed or disguised. The inevitable result of such 
a measure, independent of the question of the violation 
of the faith of tlie State which is believed to be virtually 
pledged, must be to divert a large portion of the trade 
of Pennsylvania and the Western states and tei-ritories 
passing to the Susquehanna, from its regular empo- 
rium,the City of Philadelphia, to another City out of the 
limits and ijeyond the jurisdiction of the Common- 
wealth; — to confer without the slightest equiv.alent, on 
that other cit)- all the advantages of the s.ale and barter 
of the produce thus divested; to secm-e to such other 
city and consequently to the State to which she belongs, 
the return trade, of which Philadelphia, and with her, 
Pennsvlvania, now h.as the immense benefit, and which 
would' thus be lost to her; to strike deeply at the inte- 
rests of a large part of the people of Pennsylvania en- 
gaged in carrj-ing on that trade at Plriladelphia: to les- 
sen to a great degree the ability of Philadelphia and 
consequently her responsibility to furnish her accustom- 
ed portion of the revenue of the State, and in the same 
proportion to decrease that revenue; to lessen to a large 
amount the tolls of the produce and merchandize going 
to Philadelphia from tlie Susqueh;mna, and retm-ning 
from Philadelphia to that river on the public works,and 
thus again seriously to affect the revenue of Pennsyl- 
vania; — and in every aspect of the case to inflict a deep 
Injury upon the Eastern part of the state in particular. 



and to strike a dangerous blow at the welfare of the 
people of the Commonwealtli at large. 

It is known that the suggestion has been repeatedly 
made, that the passage of the blU in question will fur- 
nish to the people of Pennsylvania, whose produce 
reaches the state works near Columbia, a choice of 
markets. This argument, though at first it may seem 
specious, is yet without soUdity. It might be enough 
to remark, that by avoiding improper legislation, Phi- 
ladelpiiia will remain, what she now is, a market suf- 
ficiently extensive for aU the piu-poses of competition; 
and that wliile this State is urging upon the councils of 
the Union the pro]>riety and neccssitj' of the protecting 
system, to recognize' and enforce the .abandonment of 
the first principles of that system as they can be most 
directly, profitably, and fairly applied witliin her own 
borders, would present a case of glaring inconsistency. 
While generosity is acknowledged to be praiseworthy, 
it is submitted that it should not be indulged at the ex- 
pense of justice, and of the highest interests of the 
Commonwealth. The generosity necessary to the pass- 
age of tills bill, goes the whole length of confounding' 
all the distinctions between the people of Pennsylva- 
nia, who support her government and pay for her pub- 
lic works, and the people of another State who owe their 
allegiance elsewhere. But it is entirely overlooked by 
those who make the suggestion, that by far the greater 
part of the ti'ade wliich reaches the Susquehanna near 
Columbia and ought to go to Philadelphia, is from be- 
yond the limits of this State, and tnat the persons most 
concerned in that trade, utter no complaint and ask for 
no furtJier choice of markets. 

The City Councils desh'e that the utmost practica- 
ble liberality should be extended to their fellow citi- 
zens of York and the other southern counties of Penn- 
sylvania, and would gladly witness the success of every 
effort to connect them with the line of canals and rail- 
roads through the State; and believe that the legisla- 
tion of the Commonwealth has not been deficient in a 
generous spirit towards them. A communication from 
York to Columbia, and thus to Philadelphia, has never 
been denied; but, on the contrai'V, has been encou- 
raged, and would give to the citizens of York every just 
adv.antage of the State works, without depriving them of 
any of the' means they now possess of trading elsewhere. 

With such views, and without enlarging upon the va- 
rious points of which the subject is so fruitful; and in 
the confident persuasion that a full investigation will be 
made before a final decision, and in a firm reliance upon 
the disposition of the Legislature of the State to dis- 
cern and to protect tlie interests of the w'liole commu- 
nity. It is 

Resolved by the Select and Common Councils of the 
Citv of Philadelphia, that they view with profound re- 
gi'et the measures taken towards the passage of a law 
by the Legislature of Pennsylvania, to incorporate the 
York and Maryland line Rail Road Company, and that 
they do in the name and behalf of the people of the 
City of Philadelphia respectfully, but firmly and so- 
lemnly, remonsti'ate against the enactment of the said 
bill into a law. 

Resolved, That the members of the Senate from the 
City of Philadelphia, be requested to use their most 
strenuous exertions to prevent the passage of the said 
bill through that body, and that the members of the 
House of Representatives from the city, be also i-e- 
quested, so far as it may yet be within the range of their 
duty, to use their utmost endeavours to prevent the 
final passage of said bin. 

Resolved, That copies of the foregoing preamble and 
resolutions, signed by the Presidents and attested by 
the Clerks of the Councils, be forthwith transmitted to 
the Governor of the Commonwealth, and to the Speaker 
of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of the 
Representatives, to be respectfiilly submitted to both 
branches of the legislature- 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DE.OTK. 


TO THE PRt 


EUVATION OF EVEHT KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE 8TATK. 


EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 


VOL. IX. 


-lYO. 5. 


PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY 4, 1832. NO 214. 



From the Wellsborough Pheiiix. 
SKETCH OF TIOGA COUNTY. 

Tioga is one of the northern rang'e of counties, bor- 
dering on the state line, bounded e;ist by Bradford, (for- 
merly Ontiirio, ) soutli by Lycoming-, and west by Potter 
county — its extent is 35 miles by 33, and contains about 
700,000 acres of land, three-fourths of which may be 
said to be well ad;ipted to agricultural purposes, and 
more especially to grasses, all of which yield abundant 
crops. 

The county was provisionallv set off from Lycoming 
by the Act o'f 26th March, 1804, and by Act of 21st 
March, 1806, the seat of Justice w;is established at 
Wellsborough. In 1808, the county was org.mized so 
far as to elect county commissioners, and in 1812, was 
fully organized for judicial purposes, being one of the 
counties that composed the 11th judicial district; -and 
by Act of 25th Febru.ary 1818, the comities of Susque- 
hanna, Bradford and Tioga were erected into a sepa- 
rate district, and now compose the 13th judicial district, 
to which the counties of Potter and .M'Kean are proyi- 
sionally attached. 

In 1810, the population wss 1687— in 1820, 4021— 
and by the late census of 18oiJ — 9071, showing that in 
each term of 10 years we have more than double, and 
from present appearances, tlie next enumeration will 
doubtless present a still more favourable result. 

The settlement in this county w;us begun about 1797-8, 
chiefly by emigrants from Connecticut, claiming under 
tliat uiifortimate title which has caused so much trouble 
and litigation to Northern Peimsylvania, and which is 
now fully settled anil compi-omised: so th.at at this time, 
there are few counties in the state, where titles are so 
well established. 

The principal timber is Beech, Maple, Oak, Elm, 
Hemlock, Hickory and Bass, or Linn: and the uplands, 
in the vicinity of the larger streams, are well covered 
with White Hines, of a superior quality — the Sugar Ma- 
ple abounds in many pl.ices, and large quantities of su- 
g;ir are obtamed from this valuable tree. 

The county is well situated with regard to navigable 
Ktreams, luiving the Tioga, a south branch of the Che- 
mung, on the cast, which is n.avigablc for arks and rafts 
about 30 miles .ibove the state line — the Cawanesquc 
on the north, n.avigable about the same distance from its 
confluence wih the Tioga, and Pine creek, (and its 
branches) in the west, which is navigable from and be- 
yond the Hotter county line, so that it may be affirmed, 
that no part of the county is distant from a navigable 
s"j-eam, more than 10 miles. These streams all empty 
into the Susquehanna; the two former into the North 
Branch, the latter into the AVest Branch, near Jersey 
shore in Lycoming county. 

A very extensive lumber business is done on these 
streams, particularly on Pine creek, whence upwards 
of five millions of sawed lumber will be sent next spring 
to the Susquehanna and Baltimore market. But little 
of o\ir lumber has yit fo\ind its way to Philadelphia by 
the Union Canal, the cntnincc to which has hitherto 
been so completely blocked up, during the active sea- 
son, that our lumber men have preferred their old mar- 
kets, to &n uncertain detention at Mid<Ucto\vn. This will 
doubtless not be the ciwe, when th» canal shall have 
Vol. rx. 9 



been completed in the branches, and a facility of getting 
to market, independent of fresliets, will prevent such 
vast accumulations of lumber as have hitherto occurred 
in the opening of the spring ti'ade. Still, however, the 
bulk of lumber will ever be transported by rafts, in 
preference to using the canal, unless, and which seems 
very probable, the dams now erecting on tlie river, 
will force the descending trade to abandon it. One es- 
tablishment on Pine creek, now has upwards 900,000 
feet, sawed since the last spring. 

Wellsborough, the seat of justice, is located in the 
ten-itorial centre of the county, 3 milesfromthe navigable 
waters of Pine creek, and at the intersection of the east 
and west state road leading through all the northern 
range of counties, and the north and south state road from 
Newberry to the 109 mile stone, on the state line. 
This village contains 40 or 50 indifferent dwelling hou- 
ses — a court-house and jail, of no very respectable ap- 
pearance four stores — two taverns — two smith shops 
— two tan y;irds — one printing office, from which is is- 
sued a weekly paper — two shoemaker shops— and for- 
tunately but one distillery — an academy, endowed by 
the legislature of Pennsylvania, and a school for small 
cliildren — both of which are respectably supported. In 
the former, all the usual branches of an academical 
course are successfully taught, and children from a dis- 
tance can obt;un boarding, in respectable private fami- 
lies, at very moderate rates. The principal and trus- 
tees pay .strict regard to the moral deportment of the 
students. Parents in tlie adjoining counties, will find 
this institution well worthy attention. This place has 
not increased so rapidly, as from its favourable situation, 
and being in the heart of a large body of first r.ate beech 
and maple land, could have been expected, owing 
chiefly loan unfortunate dispute about the location of 
the se.at of justice, which after many years of warm and 
earnest endeavours to effect a removal, is now consider- 
ed settled, and those who are interested in its welfare, 
may confidently look forward to early and valuable im- 
provements. 



PROCEEDI.NGS OF COUNCILS. 

Saturday, Jan. 21sl, 1832. 
The following commimication from the tenants of the 
late Stephen Girard's' stores, was received and laid on 
the table. 

To the Select and Common Councils. 
The undersigned, occupiers of stores Nos. 20, 22, 24 
and 26 North Front st. tenanted by us under the late 
Stephen Girard, which property by his io!l has passed to 
the corporation of the city of Philadelphia, respectfully 
represent that they are unwilling to Continue tenants of 
said property at the rents which they have heretofore 
paid, and request that Councils may reduce the same 
to twelve hundred dollars. 

At this rate we believe the store contiguous, which 
has remained unncmpicd can be leased, and the whole 
block pcrmanentlii tenanted. 

GILL, FOHD, & CO. 
H. C. CORBIT. 
.1. G. HARKEH, & CO. 
i PhiladclphlH, Jan. 21, 1832. 



66 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[FEBnViBT 



Mr. Pettit offered a resolution for the appointment I Hahrisbdbg, Jan. 14th, 1832. 

of a Joint Committee of two members of each Council, ' Benj. W. Richards, Esq. 

with leave to proceed to Harrisburg to enforce the re- | ^^^^ Sir— The committee on the Judicary System 
solutions [respecting the rail-way,] which had been have under consideration the project of a law providing 
adopted; and Messrs. Pettit, Groves, AVelheiill and ^^ the removal of Aldermen in the city of Philadelphia, 



Coryell, were appointed the committee 

COMMON COUNCIL.— The following communica- 
tion from Mr. Isaac McCauley, was received and laid on 
the table. 

James Page, Esq. President of the Common Council. 

Sir: — Understanding that a meeting of the Coun- 
cils is to take place this evening, for the purpose of 
expressing their opinions respecting the P.altimore and 
York Haien rail-road, I have thouglit that the following 
suggestion might not be deemed by you improper. 

That a mutual spirit of friendship and good feeling 
should exist between every state and city in the Union, 
is exti-emely desirable. The present excitement on 



from office in cases of ascertained lunacy by legal pro- 
cess. 

The committee wishes to have an expression of the 
views of the constituted authorities of the city on this 
subject. You will confer a favour by laying the matter 
before Uiem in such way as you may deem proper, and 
informing us of the result of their deliberations. 
X have the honour to be &c. your obdt. 

THOMAS S. SMITH, 
On belialfofihe Com. 

Mr. Sextou offered the following report and resolu- 
tion, relative to lighting Conrad's Court, which were 
adopted. 



the subject ofthe rail-raid has, however, at the present The committee to whom was refen^ed the petition of 



time, affected in some degree this spirit as regards this 
city and Baltimore. The citizens of the latter place, 
consider our opposition to then- views, as selfish and nar- 
row minded. Maj- not a course be taken which will en- 
able each state to manifest its own liberality, and at the 
same time to recognize the liberality of the other.' Let 
it be recommended to the legislature to reject the pre- 
sent application, and to extend the Philadelphia and Co- 
lumbia rail-road through the counties of York and Ad- 
ams as far as it m.iy be proper, and for the interest of 
the state so to do To put in a course of execution im- 
mediately the following parts of such road, viz: from 
Columbia to Gettysburg, a distance of 39 or 4U miles, 
from thence to some point on die Maryland line leading 
towards WiUiamsport on the Potomac. There might 
also be a branch extended to Chambersburg. When 
this is completed we may say to our friends at Baltimore, 
give us a rail-road through your state to v\ illiamsport or 
some other eligible point on the Potomac, and we will 
reciprocate the favour by granting what you now ask 
for. This will try the question, who is the most liber- : 
al, and put to rest any unpleasant feelings that may 
now exist 

I am respectfully, your obt. serv't. 

ISAAC MACAULEY. 
Philadelphia, Jan. 21, 1832. 

The annexed communication from the committee of 
the house of representatives of Pennsylvania, was re- 
ceived and referred to the Girard committee. 

PBiLADELPHii, Jan. 12, 1832. 
John M. Scott, President of Select Council 

Dear Sir: I am directed by the committee appointed 

by the house of representatives of the commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, "to confer with the constituted author- 
ities of the city of Philadelphia, as to what course may 
be necessary to enable the state to receive the benefit 
of the bequest made by the late Stephen Girard, Esq." 
to inform you that the members of said committee are 
now in Philadelphia, and will be pleased to co-operate 
with any committee that Counc'ds may appoint on the 
subject. 

I have the honor to be, respectfully, yours, 

JOHN W. ASH MEAD, 
Chairman Com. House uf Represent' a. 

The following communication from the Mayor, en- 
closing a letter from Mr. Smith, one of our city repre- 
sentatives, was received and laid on the table. 

Mayor's Office, Jan. 20th, 1832. 

To the Presidents uf the Select and I'ommon Councils. 

Gentlemen — In order to comply with the request 
contained in the enclosed letter, from one of our repre- 
sentatives at Harrisburg, I transmit the same to you, and 
am very respectfully yours, B. W. RICHARDS. 



Matthew Conrad, and others for lighting Conrad's 

Court: 

Beg leave to report, that they have examined said 
Court, and are of opinion, that the same ought to be 
lighted at the public expense, especially, as lamps have 
already been placed there, at the expense of the peti- 
tioner. 

They therefore offer the following resolution: 

Resolved, that tlie city commissioners be directed to 
have Conrad's Court lighted, at tlie expense of the cor- 
poration. 

Thursday, Jan. 26th, 1832. 
SELECT COUNCIL. — The annexed communication 
from the tenants of houses of the late Stephen Girard, 
in Eleventh street, was received and laid on the table. 

To the members of the Select Council. 

We the undersigned, occupiers of dwellings Nos. 1, 
3, and 5, south Eleventh street, tenanted by us under 
the late Stephen Girard, which property by his will has 
passed to the corporation of the city of Philadelphia, 
respectfully represent that they are unwilUng to con- 
tinue ten.ints of said property, at the rents wliich they 
have heretofore paid, and request Councils may reduce 
the same to four hundred dollars from the 1 st inst. 

We having taken the houses at a time of extreme 
scarcity of dwellings, at a price above what we believed 
their full value, and not intending to remain longer than 
the present year imless the rents be reduced. 

GEO. W. EDWARDS, 
JOHN READ, jr. for 
WILLIAM READ, 
ALBERT BARNES. 
Philadelphia, Jan. 26, 1832. 

The following communication from the office of the 
Guardians of the Poor, enclosing a statement from the 
Commissioners for erecting a new Alms Hocse, \vas re- 
ceived and laid on the table. 

Office of the Board of Guardians, 'i 
January— 1832. 5 

John ^f. Scott, President of the Select Council. 
Sir, — I am directed by the Board of Guardians for 
the relief and employment of the poor, &c. to furnish 
the accompanying statement, prepared by the Commis- 
sioners for erecting the new Alms-house, as containing 
the information required by the joint resolution of the 
Select and Common Councils, of the 14th inst. 
Very respectfully, I am sir. 

Your ob't. serv't. 

SAML. HAZARD, Sec'y. 
tn compliance with the request of the Select and Com- 
mon Councils of the city of Philadelphia,— The Board 
of Commissioners for erecting suitable buiMngs for 



1832.] 



PROCEEDINCS OK COUNCILS. 



67 



the accommodation of the poor, herewith submit the to eflect the improvements contemplated by the said 



§51,716 94 
195,303 00 

4,517 00 
85,000 00 



statement desired, viz: — 

Cost of the farm comprising 188 acres, 

Present cost of tlie two bviilding-s, 500 
feet in front each by 65 feet in deptli. 

Cost of constructing a wharf on the 
Schuylkill, together with a road lead- 
ing to the buildings. 

Estimated cost to complete the present 
buildings. Alms House and Hospital, 

Estimated cost of two other buildings 
which are intended as, house of em- 
ployment, women's apartment and 
children's asylum, and which are to 
be built in conformity with the pre- 
sent buildings, 215,000 00 

§551,536 94 
By order of the Board, 

E. W. KEVSER, President. 
N. BoNKEn, Secretary. 

Mr. LippiNCoTT from the Girard committee, report- 
ed the following outline of a bill to be sent to the legis- 
lature with a resolution attached, which were una- 
nimously adopted. 

To the Select and Common Cvuncils nftliccUy nf Philu- 
delphia. 
The committee on the Girard fund respectfully report 



testator, and to execute in all other respects the trust* 
created bv his will: 

Sect. 1. Be it enacted, &c. That it shall and may bo 
lawful for the Mayor, &c. by ordinance or by act of 
authorized officers or agents, to lay out, regulate, curb, 
light, and pave a p.assage or street, not less than twen- 
ty-one feet in width, on the east part of the city of Phi- 
ladelphia, fronting the river Delaware, at such distance 
or distances in the several parts thereof, from the eas- 
tern line of Water street, as they shall judge proper, 
extending from Vine to Cedar street, to be called the 
Delaware Avenue, and the same to be open and kept 
open for ever, as a common and public highw:iy; and 
that having laid out such street, they shall cause a re- 
cord of the same to be made in the Court of Quarter 
Sessions for the C'>untv of Philadelphia- 

Sect. 2. That it shall be Lnvful, &c., for the 
Mayor, Uc, by ordinance, &c., to lay out Water 
street, in said city, anew, in such manner as that the 
same shall be as nearly straight as conveniently may be, 
and of a uniform, or as near as may be uniform, width, 
throughout, not less than thirty-nine feet if practicable, 
— and the same to open and keep open for ever, as x 
common and public highway; and that having laid out 
said Water street of such increased width, they cause a 
record of the same to be made in the Court of Quarter 
Sessions for the countv of Philadelphia. 

Sect. 3. That it shall be lawful, &c., for the Mayor, 



the following outline of a bill, and recommend to Coun- ^^^ jg ^^^^ ordinances, or take other measures for re 
cils, the adoption of the resolution thereunto attached: | milutin"', adiustinp", and determining the eastern 



An act to enable the Mayor, Aldermen and citizens of 
Philadelphia, to carry into effect certain improve- 
ments, and execute cert-iin ti'usts. 
Whereas, by the last will and testament of Stephen 
Girard, late of th: city of Phil.adelphia, deceased, the 
sum of five hundred thousand dollars is bequeathed to 
the Mayor, &c , of Philadelphia, in trust among other 



most line to which wharves may thereafter lawfully 
be consti-ucted on the river Delaware, fronting said 
citv, and to cause a record of such regulated line to be 
made in the Court of Quarter Sessions, — to fix and de- 
cide on, or cause their ofhcers to fix and decide on the 
levels of such wharves, to require the owners thereof to 
pave the same, or lay them with gravel, according to 



things, to apply the income thereof, "1. To lay out, re- such regulation, so as efTcctually to di-ain and pass off 
gulate, curb, light and pave a pa.s.sage or street, on the | ^he water from the same, and to require all persons 
east part of the city of Philadelphia, fronting the river i owning and occupving, or using docks to cleanse the 
Delaware, not less than twenty-one feet wide, and to be I same, and to prescribe the form, materials, and charac- 
called Delaw.are avenue, extending from South or Cc- \ tcr of workmanship of all wharves hereafter to be con- 
<lar street, all along the cast part of Water street i structcd, and to require all platforms now projecting 
squares, and the west side of tlie logs, which form the i„to the said river, and supported on piles, pillars, or 
heads of the docks, or thereabouts; and to this intent to | piei-s, to be removed, and to prohibit the constructfen 
obtain such acts of assembly, and to make purchases j ;„ future, of any sucli projecting pUitforms, and to re- 
snd agreements, as will enable the Mayor, Aldermen, ( cjuire the removal and prohibit the construction in fu- 



and citizens of Phihulelphia, to remove or pull down all 
the buildings, fences, and obstructions which may be in 
the way, and to prohibit all buildings, fences or erections 
of any kind to the eastwiirdofsald avenue, to fill up the 
heads of such docts as may not afford sufficient room 
for the said street; to compel the owners of wharves to 
keep them clean and covered completely with gravel, 
or other hard m.itcrials, and to be so levelled, that wa- 
ter will not rem;iin thereon after a shower of rain; to 
completely clean and keep clean all the docks within 
the limits of the city, fronting on the Dehiware; and to 
ptiU down all platforms carried out, from the east part 
of the city over the river Delaware, on piles or pillars." 
"2. To pull down and remove all wooden buildings, as 
well those in:ule of wood and other combustible m.ateri- 



tureofall buildings, fences, and other obstructions, to 
the eastward of Delaware Avenue, above mentioned, 
and to declare all erections and constructions whatsoev- 
er, contrary to the said ordinances, whether erected be- 
fore or after the passage of the same, to be nuisances; 
and generally to devise, ordain, and execute wh:itever 
other things 'shall to them, the said the Mayor, &.C., be 
deemed necessary or convenient, for the good arrange- 
ment, security, and government of the said wharves: 

Provided, that the eastern Ime of the said wharves 
shall not be held to be finally determined, and the re- 
cords thereof sh;dl not be made as afoi-ef ^' »"?'=^,"',';- 
board of Wardens of the Port of Philadelphia sh.dl 
make their certificate in writing, that such eastcrnmo.st 
line is not inconsistent with the public interests; whicli 



well those in:ide of wood and other combustible m.ateri- line is not inconsisiem. .. lui ^i^ y^-,..^ \ en ,.,w,.r 
als, as those called brick-paned, or frame buildings fill- 1 certifi.- .e shall also be recorded in the court of «""'" 
ed with bricks, that are erected within the limits of the ' Sessions; but if the said certificate shall not be p^^^" 
city of Phikvdelpl.ia, and also to prohibit the erection of I bv them within three months after ^PP^"™'" ',."',„ 
any such building, within the siid city's limits, at any therefor, an appeal shall then he from their decision to 
. •' . _ ^' . . •' , > I . . p ^ i„_ o — ^.r>.,^^ IS in other oi.se:>; ana on 




Btruction of a college, and for the direction and govern- authority to any one to "<=<:t^^^^"" cas^errmost line 
ment thereof according to a plan thert^in set forth; and ing out as far as the said repJa^^d <=»^«^~; ""„ 
certain other tnists have been created, and the execu- 1 without license from tl.c said board of ^Va^rtens, as 
tionthercofenioined onthe Mayor, &c.afor«said. Now, I heretofore. . , „, , „.r..i ... fnr »li« Mrv- 

for the purpo.e of enabling the Mayor, &c. aforesaid, I S.c-p. 4. That it shall be lawful, 8.C., for U.« Mii> 



6S 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[FxDiKjiar 



or, SiC, to pass ordinances to prohibit the construction 
within the said city, or any parts thereof, of all framed 
or brick-paned, or other building's, the walls whereof 
are not wholly composed of incombustible materials, to 
determine the thickness of which walls of buildings of 
different dimensions and character, shall Iiereafter be 
made in the said city, and to make all sucli other legal 
provisions as they shall think expedient, for preventing 
the extension of injuries fi'om fire in the said city; and 
to declare all buildmgs, the walls whereof are not 
wholly composed of incombustible materials, to be nui- 
sances. 

SrcT. 5. When any of the said ordinances shall have 
been passed, or other proceedings had in relation to the 
said Delaware Avenue and Water street, and the regu- 
lation of the Umits thereof shall have been duly record- 
ed, it shall be lawful, &c., for the ilayor, &c., to pro- 
ceed fi'om time to time, to open for the public use, any 
part or parts thereof; and to that end lo enter upon 
such property as may be within the same; construct 
wharves extending into the river within the lines of said 
Delaware Avenue, and fill up all docks within the li- 
mits thereof, and remove all obstructions of whatever 
kind from within the limits of said Avenue and Street, 
or any part or parts thereof, and level, drain, pitch, and 
pave, the same as other streets in the said city. And 
from and after the passing of such ordinances, and the 
record of the said Avenue and Street, all buildings 
thereafter erected or rebuilt on the said Avenue and 
Street, sh;ill conform to the recorded limits of the same. 
And the Mayor, &c., may pass ordinances declaring all 
obstructions within tile same to be nuisances. 

Sect 6. That it shall .at all times be lawful for the 
Mayor, &c., to remove and abate any building, erection, 
or obstruction whatever, which bj- this Act, or by any 
Ordinance to be hereafter passed by virtue of it, 
may be declared a nuisance. FimidKl, that if such 
building, erection, or obstruction, shall have been in ex- 
istence at tlie time of the passage of tliis act, or of such 
ordinance, passed by virtue hereof, the Mavor, &c. 
shall give .at least three months' notice of their intention 
to remove the same, to the persons having the owner- 
ship, occupation, or use thereo-f; or, in case no such 
person shall be known to them, they shall affix a copy of 
such notice to and upon such a builchng, &c. three 
months before proceeding to remove the same. 

Sect. 7. That it shall be lawful, &c. for the said 
Mayor, &c. to provide for the punishment of any per- 
son or persons who shall knowingly and wilfully commit 
any nuisance, contrary to the inteiit and meaning of this 
Act, and of the Ordinances which may be passed by vir- 
tue thereof, and of any person or persons, who, having 
committed any nuisance, contrary, &c., shall, after 
notice, refuse or neglect to remove the same. 

Sect 8. That all persons whatsoever, who shall re- 
ceive damage to their propertv bv reason of anv thing 
to be done by the said Mayor, &c! under this Act or the 
Ordmances jjassed by virtue thereof, may, after ten 
days' notice of such intention, to the said tlie'jfayor, &c., 
apply, by petition in writing, to the Court of Quarter 
Sessions for the county of Philadelphia, who shall there- 
upon appomt a jury of twelve freeholders, citizens of 
Philadelphia, which jury shall assemble, notice having 
been first given of their meeting in manner .aforesaid, 
and shall be sworn to ascertain the damages &.c con- 
sidering as weU advantages as disadvantages', &c! and 
shaU report into Court; and the damages so report- 
ed shall be pa^d by the Mayor, &c., in six months after 
contrrmation of report. 

Sect, 9. Rut, if the said the Mavor, &c. shall 
deem It expedient that the damages should be ascertain 
ed before proceeding to enter cm premises for the pur 
pose of removing obstructio.'S, and before appropria 
ting to public use any propQi-ty of individuals, or other 
wise injuriously affecting tlie rights and interests of anv 
proprietor, the Mayor, &c., may from time to time ap- 
ply to the Court of Quarter Sessions forjur)-, as before 



who shall be sworn as before, and report, specifying, in 
such case, as well the causes for which damages, if 
any, should be paid, as the amount of such damage? 
and in such case, the Mayor, &C., may, within one year, 
tender such amount as jviry shall report, and thereafter 
proceed to enter upon, appropriate, 8cc. Pnvided, if 
not tendered in one year, proceeding to be void. Fro- 
vidrd further, that when a report shall so have been 
made by a jury appointed on the petitii n of the Mayor, 
Stc, spccif\'ing the causes wherefore damages should 
be paid, if thereafter any otlier damage than that re- 
ported on shall be sustained, the party may thereafter 
apply for new jury. Provided, however, ihat it shall 
be competent to the city to make agreements with any 
owner or owners of property so to be taken or affected, 
for the damages thereby to be occasioned, and such 
agreements shall be instead of any of the proceedings 
detailed in this or the foregoing section. 

Sect. 10. And for as much, as in tlie course of time, 
it may appear that powers are not vested in the said the 
Mayor, &c., which may be }et required to the full exe- 
cution of the will of the said Stephen Girard, and it is 
the object and intent of this act, fully to confer all such 
powers, be it further enacted. Sec. &.C., that the said 
Mayor, &c., .shall have, and are hereby invested and 
gifted with full power, r.ight and authority to exercise all 
such jurisdiction, enact all such ordinances, and do and 
execute all such acts, and things whatsoever as may be 
necessary and convenient for the full and entire accept, 
ance, execution, and prosecution of any arid all the de- 
vises and bequests, trusts and provisions, contained in 
the said will, or any part or parts thereof. 

Resolved, that the committee on the Girard Fund, 
cause, to be prep.ared a bill, embodying the provisions 
set forth in the above outline, and that they cause such 
bill to be forwarded to the chairman of the committee of 
the House of Representatives of this state, with a respect- 
ful intimation that it contains such provisions as in the 
estimation of the Councils of this city, are required to 
enable them to fulfil the purposes of the testator. 

Mr. Lippiscutt from the s.ame committee made the 
following report and resolutions, which were adopted. 
Ta the Select and Commnri Councils of iht City of Phi- 
ladelphia . 

The committee on the Girard Fund, beg' leave fur- 
ther to report: 

That they have considered the matters submitted to 
them as fully and deliberately as the time which has 
elapsed since their appointment would permit; and they 
have agreed for the present to recommend to Councils 
the adoption of the following resolutions: 

Further measures will be recommended in future re- 
ports. 

1st. Resolved by the Select and Common Councils of 
the city of Philadelphia, that the M.ayor be and he is 
hereby requested in tliis month of January, in behalf of 
the corporation, to cause to be prepared and published, 
in two or more newspapers, printed in the cit)- of Phi- 
ladelphia, a concise but plain account of the state of tlie 
trusts, devises and bequests to the city of Philadelphia, 
bj the late Stephes Gibaiid, agreeably to the requisi- 
tion of his will. 

2d. Resolved, by the Select and common Councils of 
the city of Philadelphia, that the M.ayor and City Trea- 
surer be and they are hereby .authorised to pay to the 
several persons entitled to the .annuities, charged upon 
real estate in Pennsylvania, devised by the late Stephen 
Girard, Esq. to the corporation of Philadelphia, out of 
the rents of said real estate, the amounts due to them 
respectively. 

3d. Resolved, that the clerks of Councils be directed 
to purchase a book, well and substantially bound, and 
to cause to be recorded therein the several schedules of 
property recei-ed fiom the executors of Stephen Gi- 
rard, and that said book be lettered "Pook of Gi- 
rard's Real Estate," and that a separate leaf or more be 
applied to each separate piece of property, with an al- 



1832.] 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



69 



phabet, by which a reference to any particular estate 
m.iy be easily made. 

Mr. Johnson offered the annexed resolution, which 
was agreed to. 

Whereas, by a resolution of Councils, the Mayor is 
is authorised to take charge of ccrt;iin real estates de- 
scribed in the rent rolls, exhibited by the executors of 
tjie late Stephen Girard, and to let such p:u-ts thereof 
as are now unoccupied, for the term of one year: 

And whereas, the applicants for the several tracts of 
land arc unwilling to rent them for a less term than 
from two to three years, and it is believed to be to the 
interest of the corporation, that a longer term than that 
specified in said resolution should be given them: 

Therefore resolved, by the Select and Common Coun- 
cils, that the Mayor be and he is hereby authorized, to 
let so mucli of said lands as are situate in Passyunk and 
Moyamensing townships, for any term not exceeding 
tliree years, and any other resolution having a bearing 
oiV tliis subject to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Mr. Pettit as chsurman of the committee on the 
Franklin Legacy, made the following report and reso- 
lution, which were agreed to. 

The committee on the Franklin legacy fund, to whom 
was referred the petition of Israel E. James, report: 

That the amount due on tlie 1st January, 1832, (per 
City Treasurer's account) by the petitioner to the cor- 
poration, charging interest at five percent. wasgl78 72. 
Under the circumstances set forth in his petition, 
which they believe to be correctly stated, they recom- 
mend the settlement of the claim upon the principles of 
the following resolution: 

Uesolved, by tlie Select and Common Councils, tliat 
upon payment by Israel E. James of the sum of one 
hundred dollars and the costs, the City Solicitor be au- 
thorized to enter satisfaction of a judgment against liim 
and his sureties in tlie district court, on a bond given to 
secure payment of money borrowed from the Franklin 
legacy fund. 

The committee also recommend the adoption of the 
following resolution: 

Resolved, th:it the clerks of the Councils fiirnish Is- 
rael E. James with a copy of the foregoing re-.olution. 

COMMON COUNCIL.— Mr. Moss offered the an- 
nexed resolution which was unanimously adopted, and 
the committee were accordingly ushered in by the 
mover. 

Resolved, that the gentlemen comprising a commit- 
tee on tlie p;irt of the House of Rcpresent;itives of this' 
«tate, appointed for the purpose of conferring with the 
city authorities on matters connected with the estate of 
the late Stephen CJirard, and who are now in tlie city, 
be invited to take se.ats within the bar, and that the 
Clerk be directed to furniah tliem with a Q.opy of this 
resolution. 

Mr. Skxtox offered a petition from Mrs. Eliza Bud- 
dy, praj-ini; that the hydrant pump opposite her door 
m:iy be removed, which was referred to the watering 
committee. 

Mr. BiKEn presented three petitions for new pavinc: 
one for Vine street from Schuylkill Front to Schuylkill 
Eip;hth street — one for St. Joseph's avenue, running 
from Schuylkill Sixth to Fifth street, between Chesnut 
and Barker street, and one for Barker street; which 
were referred to the pavini; committee. 

Mr. BiKF.n presented a petition praying tli.it the lot 
of ground owned by the city, running from Schuylkill 
Front to Schuylkill Second street, frontingon the south 
side of Vine street, may be appropriated for the erection 
of a market house, which was referred to tlie committee 
on markets. 

The following letter from the Slayor, enclosing the 
petition referred to, was received, and referred to the 
committee on Penii square. 



M.iTon's Orricz, ? 
January 20, la32. J 

To Ihe Presidents of ihe Sckct and Vimimnn Councils. 

Gentlemen : At the request of some of the petitioners, 
I transmit you the enclosed paper, in wh ch the horse 
ma'rket at the corner of High and Broad streets is com- 
plained of as an "old and increasing nuisance " Some 
legislation prohibiting markets for the exhibition and 
sale of horses, except within suitable enclosures, ap- 
pears to be required in oi-der to remove the grievance 
complained of. 

Very respectfully, &c. 

B. W. RICHARDS. 

Mr. Hoon, from the committee on markets, made a 
report and resolution, recommendingthat Messrs. Reeves, 
& Co. be exonerated from payingrcnt for .Market street 
wharf, while it was undergoing the repairs: which was 
adopted. 

Mr. BiKEn, from the paving committee, made the 
following report and resolution, which were agreed to. 

The paving commitfee, to whom was referred the 
petition of the managers of tlie Pennsylvania Hospital, 
report: 

Whereas the legislature of Pennsylvania have before 
them the petition from the managers of the Pennsvlva- 
nia Hospitiil for the vacation of Blackberry alley,' be- 
tween Pine .ind Lombard street, they offer the following 
resolution: 

Resolved, that it is inexpedient for Councils to inter- 
fere in the subject. 

The annexed communication from Mr. George V,'. 
Smith, was received and laid on the table. 

To James Page, Esq. President of Ihe Common Council. 
Philadelphia, Jan. 26, 1832. 
On the 17th instant, tlie city councils of Lancaster 
unanimously resolved to send a delegation of two per- 
sons, viz: Messrs. Buchanan and Champneys to Harris- 
burg, for the purpose of vncalin^ a portion of the Penn- 
sylvania rail-road, from Columbia to the city of Phila- 
delphia. I deem it my duty to present this' .subject to 
the attention of our city councils, in order tli;it thev 
may take such measures as may be necessary to prevent 
the success of a project, which, if effected, will inflict a 
vital injury on the prosperity of this city and of the 
state. The citizens of Lancaster have been among the 
earliest and most zea'ous opponents of the system of 
improvements in which the commonwealth has been en- 
gaged. They are now endeavouring to destroy and 
vacate a number of sections of the great rail-road, on 
which depends the intercourse of the eastern with the 
western and northern parts of Pennsylvania, and with 
the neighbouring sUites. These sections have been fi- 
nished, with the exception of laying the rails, at a con- 
siderable expense, with th.at excellence in the design 
and the constniction, which characterize the works of 
the eminent engineer to whom the plan and superin- 
tendence have been entrusted. The citizens of Lancas- 
ter desire to render useless all the large but judicious 
expenditure on these sections which has already been 
incurred in order that the main line of the rail-road m.iy 
be diverted from its present course through tlicir bo- 
rough, and that another line may be located and con- 
structed at the expense of the state through a part of 
that borouiih, which is entirely unsuitable to the pur- 
pose. The proposed alteration will be attended with 
enormous expense — will Icnuthen the (list;ince — will 
render the profile more undulating and steep— the plan 
more circuitous, and the curves more abrupt and nu- 
merou.s — and consequently m:iterially impair the great 
highway of the commonwealth, for the purpose of con- 
ferring a trifling /oco/ advantage cin a portion of the city 
of Lancaster — which can be adequately acmmnimhted 
by a .short, convenient, and cheap braiieh, if the latter 
be necessary. The councils of Philadelphia have evinced 
great anxiety in relation to the construction of a rail- 
road from the Snsquehnnna to Baltimore; the present 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 



[FiBBDART 



project is calculated to excite more just and serious 
apprehensions than the raih-oad justmentioned. 1 would 
respectfully sugKest the propriety of appointing a com- 
mittee to investigate this subject, with power to adopt 
such measures as may be deemed expedient in relation 
thereto. 

I remain, verv respectfully, your obedient servant, 
"GEORGE W. SMITH. 

Mr. ScLLiTAN offered the following preamble and 
resolution, which were adopted by the Common Coun- 
cil, but were laid on the table in Select Council, and 
Messrs. Sullivan and Ryan were appointed the commit- 
tee on behalf of the Common Council. 

Whereas the citizens of tlie city of Lancaster have 
presented a memorial to the legislature of this state, 
praying that the present location of the Columbia and 
Phiiadelpliia r:iil-road be changed; and whereas the 
proposed chan.:e in the location would have a tendency 
to retard the improvement, and increase the expense of 
this highly important public work: therefore resolved. 

That a joint committee of two members from eacji 
council be appointed, to take into consideration the pro- 
priety of remonstrating witli the lei.'islature against the 
contemplated change in the present location of the Co- 
lumbia and Philadelphia rail-road, and that they tike 
such steps in relation thereto, as may be deemed expe- 
cnt. 

Mitob's Optice, ? 
Philadelphia, January 27th, 1832. 5 

Agreeably to a resolution of tlie Select and Common 
Councils passed on the 26th inst. and in pursuance of 
the following provision in tile will of the late Stephen 
G'rard, which directs "that the said corporation shall 
also cause to be published in the month of Januaiy, an- 
nually, in two or more newspapers in the city of Phila- 
delphia, a concise but plain account of the state of the 
trusts, devises and bequests, herein declared and made " 
Public notice is hereby given that the executors of the 
late Stephen Gh-ard, have handed to the constituted au- 
thorities of the city, a schedule comprising ninety -four 
tenements in the city and county of Philadelphia, five of 
which ai-e unfinished, and eight of which are untenant- 
ed, with a rent-roll for the same, showing a present an- 
nual rental of 38,917 dollars. Also a further schedule 
of sundry lots of land in the county of PhUadelphia, 
comprising about 608 acres, on which are sundry tene- 
ments, — that charge has been taken of the same, and 
provision made for the collection of the rents, and for 
letting such portions thereof as are untenanted, — that 
rents amounting to 4,388 36-100 dollars have been re- 
ceived by the city treasurer, — and that the Select and 
Common Councils are proceeding to devise measures 
for the furtlier fulfilment of the ti-usts confided to them 
by the testator, agreeably to the powersvested in them. 
B. W. RICHARDS, Mayor. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

At a meeting of "The Controllers of the Public 
Schools for the city and County of Philadelphia," held 
on the lyth day of December, 1831, Tho^ias Duslap 
in the chair,acommunicationwasreceivedfromRoEEnTS 
^'acx, tendering his resignation as President of the 
Board. 

The lesignation being accepted, and an answer to 
his letter unanimously adopted by the Board, it was 

Resolved, I hat a copy of the communication from Mr. 
Vaux, and the answer of this Board, be forwarded to 
the Board of Directors of each section of the first school 
district of Pennsyhania, and that the same be publish- 
ed. 

On motion, the Board proceeded to the election of a 
President; when Thomas Dunlap was duly chosen. 
From the minutes. 

T. M. Pe-ctit, ."Spcretar 



To the Controllers itf the Public Scliook for the Cily and 
County of Philadeljihia. 

You will recollect, gentlemen, that when I last enter- 
ed upon the duties of a member, and accepted ag.ain 
the responsibilities of President of the Hoard of Control, 
my design to retire from botli these stations towards the 
close of the term of my election, was publicly commu- 
nicated. In accordance with the purpose then delibe- 
rately formed, I now resign the trusts which you, and 
your predecessors, the representatives of our fellow 
citizens of the first school district of Pennsylvania, were 
pleased to confer upon me, annually, from the organiza- 
tion of the exisiting system of public education through 
a period of nearly fourteen years. 

On ceasing to assist in the administration of the laws 
that so wisely provide free instruction, and for the suc- 
cessful operation of which I have always felt much soli- 
citude, it is a precious consolation to know tlrat the in- 
stitution has dispensed, and still distributes invaluable 
benefits to our youth. 

Long and attentive obser\-ation of the influence of 
this judicious and liberal plan, assures me that the best 
interests of society are intimately connected with its 
duration and expansion, to meet the future wants of the 
city and county of Philadelphia. 

i p.art from you, gentlemen, impressed with no ordi- 
nary sentjments of regard. With some of you I have 
been harmoniously devoted in the prosecution of this 
interesting work almost from its commencement. The 
retrospect of my intercourse with all my colleagues as 
well as witli the teachers, and various other agents at- 
tached to the extensive establishment confided to our 
government, furnishes no ittslance of the interruption of 
the kindest personal respect. T: hese are to me highly 
gratifying reflections. 

Finally, I beg you to accept my affectionate wishes 
for your individual happiness. Abundant good must, 
I am sure, continue to flow from your faithful official la- 
bours, 

Roberts Vacx, 

Chambers of the Controllers, ^ 
Dec. 19, 183L $ 

Roberts A'aux, Esq. 

Dear Sir: — The Controllers of thePablic Schools for 
tlie City and County of Philndelpliia perceive with sin- 
cere regret, by your letter of this date, that you adhere 
to the resolution announced at the opening of the pre- 
sent term, to resign your seat and that Presidency with 
\vhich it has been the pride and pleasure of the Board, 
during the last fourteen years, annually to invest you. 

A long course of faithful, judicious and unremitting 
attention to the intei-ests of the Pubhc School System 
of this district, prompted by the purest motives and 
sustained by unwearied zeal, entitles you to the respect- 
ful gratitude of the community for which you have suc- 
cessfully labored, while afrank and dignified intercourse, 
and an independent discharge of your duties in tliis 
Board, have conciliated and secui-ed the esteem and at- 
tachment of your colleagues. 

Our system of public instruction; so admirably adapt- 
ed to the wants and circumstances of this portion of the 
State, promises in its present matured organization eve- 
ry advantage which the universal diffiislon of free edu- 
cation can effect — to its permanence and faithful admin- 
istration our patriotic citizens look forward with confi- 
dence ,and hope, and your colleagues feel convinced 
that your important participation in originating and 
conducting this invaluable work will long continue 
among the most gratifying reminiscences of your fife. 

Tendering to you, sir, sincere assurances of their high 
regard and most affection.ate esteem and respect, the 
Controllers beg you to accept their cordial wishes for 
your pros])eritv and happiness. 
I By order of the Board of Controllers. 

I T. DUNLAP, President. 

Attest — T. M. Pettit, Secretary. 



1832.] 



COMMERCE OF LAKE ERIE. 



71 



Philadelphia, Dec. 23, 1831. 

The Teachers of the Public Schools met for the pur- 
pose of making- some expression of their respect for 
Roberts Val'.x, Esq. on his retiring' from the Board of 
Conti'Ql. The following address to him was adopted 
unanimously, and a committee appointed, consisting 
of Messrs. Rhees, Bird, Cleavcnger, Coleman, Cham- 
berlin, and Watson, to w.ait on him with the Address. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be 
signed by tlie Chairman, Secretary, and all the teach- 
ers. 

Resolved, That the committee be authorized to pub- 
lish so much of the proceedings of this meeting, as they 
may think proper, together with the reply of Mr. 

SAMUEL F. WATSON, Chairman. 
J. L. Rhees, Sccrcbiry. 

Respected Friend — With feelings of regret we learn 
that your contemplated resignation of the arduous and 
responsible duties devolving on you as President of the 
Board of Control of Public Schools, in the First School 
District of Pa , has been carried into effect, and that we 
can no longer look for your regular visitations to the 
institutions \'ou were chiefly instrumental in originating, 
and which have invariably, from their commencement, 
received the advantage of your fostering care, and pa- 
ternal advice. 

With sentiments of sincere respect, strengthening 
with every year's acquaintance, we hasten to make 
known the grateful emotions we feel, in view of the 
many instances of your friendly co-operation we have 
experienced in the discharge of our import;int duties. 
When discouraged by adverse or unpropitious circum- 
stances, your counsel has ever been ready to instruct and 
animate, and our endeavors to mete out knowledge have 
been rendered more efficient by your countenance and 
support. We doubt not that hundreds and thousands of 
the youth who have been receiving the elements of 
knowledge and morality in our public schools, will che- 
rish with gratitude and affection, the many salutary 
lessons they have heard from your lips, and will rise 
up to honour your name, and do credit to that system 
of education, of which you have been the patron and 
zealous advocate, while the triumphs of Christian phi- 
lanthropy continue to .attest its superiority over all the 
schemes of infidelity, and all the glory of this world. 

We vinite in the conviction expressed by your worthy 
and highly respected colleagues, that the invaluable 
work, in which yovi have been for fourteen years engag- 
ed, "will long continue among the most gratifying re- 
miniscences of your life." Ami we pray that God may 
have you under his holy keeping, contin\ie your life 
Jong, useful and happy, and give you to hear at last the 
welcome sentence, "well done, good and faithful ser- 
vant, enterthou into tlie jov of thy Lord." 

J. L.' RHEES, ^ 

B. E. CHAMUERLIV, ? 

JOHN M. COLEMAN, I | 
SAMUEL WATSON, ( t' 
JAMES M. BIRD, ? 

W. S. CLEAVENGER, J " 
H. W. Chadwick, I Elizabeth B. Smith, 
Peter M'Gowen, | Julia A Byrne, 

Hiram Ayre.s I Eliza McLeod 

William C. Barton, | Ann Dolby, 



W. Beechcy, 
Eliz'th n. Eastburn, 
Susan M. Ustick, 
Louisa Bedford, 



Martha C. Ilallowcll, 
Maria C. Hutton, 
I Eliza Batcman. 



der towards the organziation, or in the subsequent con- 
duct of our public education, I consider only as a small 
senice due, and cheerfully contributed, to my native 
city and its neighbourhood. 

it affords me the purest satisfaction to believe, that 
many thousands of the youth of this populous district, 
in great meas\ire, owe their moral and intellectual elc- 
v.ition and fitness for the business of life, to the consci- 
entious discharge of your obligations to them as their 
instructors, and I have no doubt that similar benefits 
may be confen-ed by the employment of similar means, 
upon generations to co-iie. Under this conviction, f 
cannot but unfeignedly wish for the duration of a sys- 
tem, wliich, with the favour of Heaven, must be fruit- 
ful of so much individual welfare, and essentially con- 
duce to the general good. 

My retirement from the station that called me to the 
frequent observation of the pupil'^,and to tlie consequent 
notice of your assiduous attentions to them, will not di- 
minish the concern which I have uniformly entertained 
for the promotion of their best interests, by the success- 
ful prosecution of your importint labours in the public 
schools. 

I shall always be gratified to learn, that your useful 
offices are properly esteemed, duly encouraged, and 
generously rewarded. No profession in my opinion is 
more arduous, and responsible, and honorable than 
yours, and when faithfidly pursued, none more worthy 
of universal confidence and gratitude. 

You will be pleased each of you to accept the assur- 
ance of my cordial respect, and beheve me to remain 
your friend, &c. 

ROBERTS VAUX. 

Philadelphia, nth mo. 26, 1831. 

At a meeting of the Directors of the Public Schools 
for the first section of the Fir.st School District of the 
State of Pennsylvania, held January 3d, 1832. 

The resignation of Rqbehts Vaux, Esq. havingbeen 
received and read, it was unanimously 

Resolved, That the Directors of the Public Schools 
forthe First School District receive with regret the resig- 
nation of Roderts Vaux their late fellowmember, and 
that they recognize in his active agency in the founda- 
tion of the Public Schools, and in his disinterested, 
faitliful and vmremittcd attention to their interests from 
their foundation to the present time, v.aluable public 
services which entitle him to the thanks of the Board, 
and to the regard of the community of which he is a 
member. 

Resolved, That tlie foregoing resolution be published 
in the daily newspapers of the city, and that a copy 
thereof signed by tlie President and Secretary be for- 
warded to Mr. ^'aux. 

Extract from the minutes, 

B. W. RICHARDS, Chairman. 

Arch'u Uasdall, Sec. Pro. Tem. 



'I\t the Teachers of the Public Schools of the City and 
Cuunly of Philadelphia. 

The sentiments most kindly conveyed to me by your 
address of the 23d inst. are very fully and sincerely ap- 
preciated. 

Any assistance it may have been in my pow»r to ren- 



CoMMEncE AXD Navibation OF Lake Erie. — We 
have been furnished with the annexed partial list of 
vessels owned and navigated on the south shore of Lake 
Erie, during tlie summer of 1831, with the tonnage of 
each; together with some statistical information relating 
to the business done upon the lake. The list of vessels 
is evidently very incomplete, for we have the testimony 
of several who have better opportunities of knowing', 
that there were upon this shore 90 to 100 vessels, aver- 
aging 70 tons e.ach, exclusive of steam boats. The de- 
ficiencies in this list we will insert on being made ac- 
quainted with them. 

sruooxEBS. tons. scboo:<ibs. tons. 

Austerlitz, 150 Alert, 55 

Antelope, 50 Andrew, 48 

America. 50 Allen Trimble, 16 

.\urora, 60 Beaver, 50 



72 



ORPHAN SOCIETY. 



[FSB8DAHT 



SCHOOSEnS. 

Bolivar, 

Cincinnati, 

Commerce, 

Comet, 

Commodore, 

Columbus, 

Conneaut Packet, 

Constitution, 

Commodore Perry, 

Detroit, 

Eclipse, 

Eagle, 

Erie, 

Essex, 

Emily, 

Farmer, 

Free Trader, 

Gaerriere, 

Good In ent. 

Grampus, 

Granger, 

Gov. Cass, 

Gen. Jackson, 

Hamilton, 

Independence, 

J. Q. Adams, 

J. Richards, 

Lagrange, 

Lady of the Lake, 

Louisa Jenkins, 

L. Judson, 

Marengo, 

Marshal Ney, 

Minerva, 

Morning Star, 

Mary of Milan, 

Maria Antoinette, 

Mariner, 



tons. scHooxERs. tons. 

6J Ma-y, 46 

50 Napoleon, 105 

88 New Connecticut, 70 

50 Nucleus, 93 

80 Olive Branch, 30 

60 Pilot, 54 

35 President, 70 

104 PhiUips, 40 

25 Red Rover, 35 

66 Regulator, 25 

60 Savage, 30 

94 Spv, 45 

50 Sw'iftsure, 35 

30 Sir Henrv, 90 

30 St. Clair,' 35 

60 T. W. Maurice, 50 

30 Telegraph, 44 

40 United States, 100 

40 ■\Vhittlese\-, 50 

30 \Vm. Teli, 60 

33 Young Amaranth, 60 

54 Young Lion, 80 

42 Y'oung Rover, 30 
27 SLOOPS. 

27 Express, 30 

60 Grampus, 25 

50 STEAM BOATS. 

100 Superior, 400 

90 Henrv Clay, 300 

80 Wm.'Penn, 230 

18 Enterprise, 230 

110 Sheldon Thompson, 250 

80 Ohio, 160 

60 Niagara, 155 

35 Peacock, 150 

45 Pioneer, 130 

90 Gen. Gratiot, 150 

97 Argus, 50 



There are now being built on this lake five steam 
boats, viz: 

1 at Detroit, 300 tons. 

1 ' Miami, 200 " 

1 ' Huron, 450 " 

1 ' Erie, 350 " 

1 * do. 35 ** 

Of other vessels there are no w 1 1 that we have heard 
of, the work of which is in progress; besides there is 
little doubt that more will be built by spring, viz: 

3 at Huron, of 150 tons each, 450 ; 

1 ' do. 80 

1 ' Miami, 130 

2 ' Black River, 260 
1 ' Grand River, 130 
1 ' Ashtabula, 80 
1 ' Sandusky, 60 
1 < Portland', 50 

During the past year there have been ten or twelve 
vessels from the upper lakes trading upon this; and 15 
from Lake Ontario, averaging 65 tons each, which came 
through the Welland canal, laden with salt, and took 
return cargoes of pot and pearl ashes, pork, wheat, 
flour, flax seed, &c. 

In 1810 there were eight or nine vessels, averaging 
60 tons each, navigating the lake. In. 1820 there were 
thirty vessels, averaging 50 tons each, and one small 
steam boat. 

Now there are over 100 vessels, of all descriptions. 
The increase for 1832 will exceed 30 per cent. Esti- 
mates have been made in Buffalo, that over 70,000 emi- 
grants went west from that place, by water, during the 
past season. A correspondent from there computes 
that in 1840 there will be 30 steam boats and 250 other 
vessels navigating the lake; and that 600 persons will 
be leaving there daily for the unlimited west. If we 
estimate from the late increase, his calculation will fall 
short. 



Some pains have been taken for ascertaining the 
amount of merchandize taken west, and produce taken 
east on the lake during the last year, but without satis- 
factory success. 75,000 tons were entered at the Buf- 
falo custom house. 23,467 barrels of floiu-, 200,802 
bushels of wheat, 8426 barrels of pork, 1768 do. ashes, 
1044 do. whiskey, and 44,049 barrels of salt, passed 
through the Welland canal previous to the 30th of Sep- 
tember. At least 60,000 barrels of salt from the state 
of New York, must have been transported on Lake Erie 
to various markets, besides large quantities that were 
detained in diff'erent ports, by tlie early closing of the 
navigation. Had tliat continued open as long as usual, 
it is quite probable that 15 to 2 J,00o barrels more would 
have gone up. We judge this from the exorbitant price 
it has borne at all the principal ports above us. At 
Cleaveland it has commanded four dollars and at De- 
troit five dollars a barrel all winter, and ver)' little was 
to be had at those prices. Not less than 70,000 barrels 
of flour, 500,000 bushels of wheat, 5000 barrels of pork, 
30u0 barrels of ashes, 10,000 barrels of lake fish, and 
an incalculable amount of otlier products of the country, 
have found their way to market by means of this lake 
during 1831. 

In these estimates nothing is included for the trade of 
the Canada side, except the business of the Welland 
canal, a great share of which went from this side. 

£ric Observer. 



ORPHAN SOCIETY. 



The Seventeenth Anniversary Meeting of the Or- 
phan Society of Philadelphia, was held at the Masonic 
Hall, in Chesnut street, on Tuesday, the 3d of January. 
The Rev. Mr. Holiiich performed the service of the 
day, and read the following repoi'ts: — 

The anniversary of an Institution which has succeed- 
ed in the object for which it was founded, is a period of 
rejoicing alike to those who have planned, or managed, 
or contributed in any way to its advancement. This 
day, then, the Orphan Society, while contemplating this 
assemblage of helpless children, may rejoice that they 
have adopted them — tliat they have taken them, one by 
one, from scenes of want and misery, and vice, and 
brought them into a sanctuary which charity has reared, 
and provided with all things fitted to make them good 
and useful citizens, where infancy is cherished with ma- 
ternal care, and youth is trained with profitable instruc- 
tion, — where the temporal blessings with which they 
are sun-ounded, awaken in their young hearts gratitude 
to their benefactoi-s — and their pliant minds are elevated 
to a higher and holier source of obligation. 

Let those who are in the habit of visiting the abodes 
of poverty, where labor applied with persevering skill 
can barely furnish the necessaries of life at this incle- 
ment season, picture to themselves the condition of 
children left by a dying parent, who was unable to pro- 
vide for them future support — but we need not draw on 
fancy for a sketch. A child recently admitted into the 
Asylum, presents a real object to make pity weep. She 
was but two months old when her mother died; — a 
young aunt placed her to be nursed, paj-ing from her 
small earnings the nurse's fee. The poor babe receiv- 
ed scanty nourishment, and was drugged with laudanum 
until it almost perished. In this condition she was 
brought to the Asylum, aged eleven months — so feeble 
and emaciated that had she not experienced the efficacy 
of tender care and judicious treatment, bestowed by 
our excellent Matron on otJiers in a similar state, we 
should fear that this orphan's voice would never here 
be raised in thankfulness to God — and you for its pre- 
servation. The register of the institution is a volume 
of such sad tales. 

The fanuly consists of ninety-eight children, — eight 
have been admitted— and five' bound out, — one httle 
girl died in the autumn, at which period several chil- 
dren were extremely ill, who have recovered. 



1833.J 



WEST CHESTER UAIL-ROAD. 



73 



Tlic routine of domestic duties which has been de- 
tailed in former reports is found effective, and perseve- 
red in; committees visit the asylum in rotation to ap- 
prove or sug-g-est improvements, and it is but justice to 
the adults of tile family to state, that neatness and or- 
der pervade every department — that a plentiful board 
is daily spread, and thankfully acknowledged to llim 
whose table is provided for all — "Who openetli his 
hand and satisfieth the desires of evei-y living tiling." 

The Board have been induced to adopt a modified 
plan of the Infant School System, for the younger chil- 
di-en. They have recently engaged the services of a 
respectable assistant Teacher, and now believe :ill the 
oHices of the house are filled to their entire satisfaction. 
The expenses of the family have been So, 650; which, 
with necessary repairs to the Asylum, has left so small 
a balance to the Treasury, that it is obvious dcpend- 
ance must be had on the continued charity of those 
who have raised the edifice, and whose paternal aid fur- 
nishes the daily bread — tlie comfort;ible garments — and 
the mental cultivation which place tliese destitute or- 
phans in a condition to enjoy the privileges of happy 
childoood, and prepare them to become moral, reli- 
gious, and industrious members of society. 

FROM JANUARY 1, 18J1, TO JANUARY 1, IS.ia. 



The Orphan Society of Philadelphia, in account w 
tlie rre;isurer. 

Dr.— 1832, January 1. 
To Purchasing Committte, 
,-To Perpetual Insurance, 
To Repair Ileal Estate, 
To Water Kent and Taxes, 
To Purchase of Stocks, 
To Freedom Fees, » 
To Incidental expenses, 
Balance in Treasury, 



Cr.— 18o2, January 1. 
By Balance from 1831, 
By Annual Subscriptions, 
By Ijfe Subscriptions and Donations, 
By Dividends on Stocks, 
By Rents, 

By Ground Rents and Arrears, 
Bv Charity Box and Collections, 
By Sale of Children's Work, 
By Legacies, _ , - 

By Binding Fees from From Mr. Christian, 
By Fines on the Managers, 
By Sale of .\rticles at the Asylum, 



ith 



§3,650 


0!) 


317 


50 


359 


30 


30 


OU 


1,735 00 


60 


0' 


63 


60 


122 


03 


$6,337 


33 


$ 68 


40 


- 383 


00 


83 


89 


2,507 


11 


650 


00 


313 


52 


67 


32 


185 


90 


2,047 50 


5 


{JO 


1 


25 1 


25 


43' 



E. and O. E. 
Philadelphia, January, 1, 1832. 



$6,337 ; 



FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTORS 

OF THE 

WEST CHESTER RAIL-RO.VD CO.TIPANV. 

The Directors of the West Chester Rail-road Compa- 
ny, in obedience to the injunction of the 9lh section of 
the act, authorizing the governor to incorporate said 
company, submit to the stockholders the following 
statement of the affairs and proceedings of the corpora- 
tion, for the past ye.ar. It will be recollected, that the 
preliminary survey for the West Chester rail-road was 
made in the month of December, 1830. The report of 
the Engineer having shown the route to be a favourable 
one, application was immediately made to the legisla- 
VoL. rx. 10 



ture for an act of incorporation, which was passed and 
approved, on the 18th day of February, 1831. 

I he commissioners appointed, by the act, to receive 

subscriptions of stock, proceeded as therein directed: 

Books were opened, on the 22d dav of March, in the 
biir<jugh of West Chester, in the ciiy of Philadelphia, 
and at the Paoli; when considerably more than twice 
the amount of stock authorized by the act, was subscri- 
bed on the first day. 

1 he books were thereupon closed, and the commis- 
sioners proceeded to reduce the subscription, as direct- 
ed in the second section of the act, to the authorized 
amount of two thousand shares. A statement of the 
proceedings, duly certified by the commissioners, was 
then made to the governor, who, bv letters patent, da- 
ted tlie 28th day of March, 1831, did create and erect 
the stockholders into a body corporate and politic, in 
deed and in law, by the name, style and title, of " The 
West Chester Rail-road Company." 

An election of directors was held, agreeably to the 
provisions of the act, on the 25th day of April; and, on 
the 3d day of May, the new board met, org-anized, and 
prepared for active operations. The directoi's consider 
themselves fortunate in having been enabled to obtain 
the services of Major John Wilson, as engineer in chief, 
and tho«e of John P. Baily, Esq. as resident engineer. 
The scientific reputiition of tlie former gentleman is too 
well established to require illustration here; but it may 
be permitted, as an act of sheer justice to Mr. Baily, ou 
this occasion, to say, that his practical skill, devoted at- 
tention, and fidelity to the best interests of the com- 
pany, have commanded the unqu:dified approbation of 
the board. 

The final location of the route of the rail-road was 
commenced by Mr Baily, on the 13th day of May, and 
completed on the 2Jd of the same month, m.iking a line 
of exactly nine mi/ex, from the borough of West Chestet 
to the junction with the Pennsylvania rail-way, on the 
land of .Samuel P. Levis, in the township of Willis- 
town. The present termination of die road, in the bo- 
rough, is upon the land of Robert Matlack, at a very 
eligible position on the summit of the dividing ridg'e, 
between the triliutarles of Chester creek and the Bran- 
dywine; thus leaving it in the power of the company, or 
of the borough authorities, to extend branches to any 
part of the town, at a future day, if it shall be found ex- 
pedient to do so. It is proposed by Mr. Jlatlack to ex- 
tend and open Chesnut street, eastward, to the Boot 
road; and also to open a new street, at right angles 
with Chesiuit sti'eet, intersecting' Chesnut and Gay 
streets, so as to afi'ord free access to the end of the 
rail-road, both on the western and southern side of tlic 
depot. The board would do injustice to their own feel- 
ings, as well as to the liberality and pubUc spirit of Mr. 
Matlack, if they did not embrace the present opportuni- 
ty to acknowledge the sij^nal obligations which that 
gentleman h.as conferred upon the comp.any. Not only 
did he set the laudable example of a prompt release, to 
the company, of all claims for supposed damages, by 
reason of the iiassage of the rail-road through his val- 
uable farm, but, with a spirit worthy of the occasion, 
he granted, free of cost, half an acre of ground, for the 
use of the company, for the important purpose of a 
landing, and depot at the termination of tjie railroad. 

The whole line being' sUiked off, ready for contract, 
it was let, in sections of about one mile each, to active 
and efficient contractors, upon terms favorable to the 
company, (as will appear by the annexed schedule, 
marked A,) on the 26th day of May; and the work of 
gTading and road formation was commenced, upon 
every section, in the course of the ensuing month. In se- 
veral in.stances, the contractors were actively engaged 
upon their respective sections, in one week after tlic 
letting. 

The annexed table (marked B,) exhibits the amount 
of work done upon e^ach section, on the 2d instant, to- 
gether with the sums "" aid for the same, and also the 



74 



AVEST CHESTER UAIL-ROAD. 



[fEBttUASr 



amount of n'ork yet to be done, with tlie estimated cost 1 
thereof, upon those seetions where the road formation 
is still unfinished. From that table it will appear, that [ 
sections 5, 6, 7 and 8, have been reported by the cng-i- 
neer, as finished; tliat sections 1 and 2 are very nearly 
completed; section 3 will probably be finished in the 
course of the present month; and sections 4 and 9, are 
expected to be ready for laying' the rails, in all the month i 
of March nest. The same table also shows tlie quanti- ^ 
ty of broken stone delivered on the road, up to the 2d | 
inst. with the amount paid for the same, and Ukewise 
the sums paid for fencing", damages on account of crops 
injured, engineers' salaries, and incidental expenses. 
The aggregate sum paid, amounts to §28,947 76J 

Amount of per centage retained, on the 
unfinished sections, and for broken 
stones, 3,708 26 J 



Whole expenses incurred, S32,656 03 

Contracts have been entered into for all the broken 
stone, sleepers, rails, iron, and other materials, requi- 
red for the completion of the road, with a single Irar/c, 
and an adequate number of turn-outs. The contractors 
are now actively engaged in delivering the stone and 
sleepers; and the directors have, as yet, no reason to 
doubt the faithful pei-formance of each contrai^t in due 
time, though the unusual severity of the winter has re- 
tarded the deli\ery of some of the materials. The an- 
nexed table, (marked C,) affords an exhibit of the 
quantities, and estimated cost of the maferiiih required 
to complete the road — as also an estimate of the cost of 
laying the rails, fencing the route, and other incidental 
expenses; from which the following result appears: 
Amount of expenses alreadj' incun'ed, §32,656 03 

Estimated cost of gradine, yet to be done, 5,211 92 
Estimated cost of materials, laying, fenc- 
ing, &c. " 45,235 43 

Total estimated cost of W. C. Rail-road, §83,103 38 
Add, for cars, car-house, toU-liouse, and 



incidental expenses. 



6,896 62 



Aggregate expense of puttingthe road in 

operation, $90,000 00 

The Treasurer's statement, (marked D,) shows that 
five instalments, (of 5 dollars each,} on each share of 
the capital stock, have been called in, equal to S5U,000: 
that 33,S61 dollars have been received by him, and 
28,047 76i have been paid on account of the work, 
leaving a balance of ,54,413 23^ in the treasury on the 
2d instant. The remaining inst;ilments will be de- 
manded in due season to meet the exigencies of the 
service. 

Jt win be observed, that the directors propose, in the 
first instance, to form a single track of rail-way, with 
sufficient turn-outs for the passage of cars — and that the 
superstructure be of wooden rails, plated mth iron, 
and laid on wooden sleepers. Many considerations, 
both of economy and expediency, concurred to induce 
the adoption of this plan: some of which are indicated in 
the communication of the principal engineer, hereto an- 
nexed (marked E.) The bed of the road, however, is 
prepared for tivo tracks,- and, whenever it shall be found 
necessary to renew the first one, or to have bulk con- 
structed, (whether of wood, or more durable materials) 
the company will not only possess the facilities of trans- 
portation afforded by the first track, but may also avail 
themselves of those improremenls, in the constmction of 
rail-roads, which, in the mean time, wiU undoubtedly 
be introduced by scientific ingenuity and experience. 

The directors, at an early period, formed the resolu- 
tion to have the road in operation, if possible, by the 
4th day of July next; and in making a'l their contracts 
for the delivery of materials, they have kept that pur- 
pose steadily in view. They have yet seen no cause to 
doubt the practicability of accomplishing the work by 
that time, provided the rails and iron shall be furnished 



according to agreement. A failure to deliver, in due 
season, so heavy an article as the rails, may retard tha 
completion of the road for a few weeks; bnt the board 
have assurances from the contractor, that a considerable 
portion is now ready, and will be forwarded, as soon a* 
the navigation of the Delaware shall be open. The iron 
plating, for the rails, was ordered in good time, and is 
daily expected to arrive. 

Thus it will appear, as the board trust and believe, 
that every exertion has been used, and every kind of 
forecast resorted to, consistent with a sound economy, 
to expedite the final completion of the AVest Chester 
rail-road: and the directors cannot but congratulate 
themselves and the stockholders,on the prospect of hav- 
ing a valuable improvement executed in the most eli- 
gible manner — with unusual promptitude — and at a less 
cost than the original estimate. 

If those who have charge of the interests of the com- 
monwealth, shall urge forward the work on the Penn- 
sylvania rail-way, so as to form a junction with the 
AVest Chester rail-road, by the time the latter is com- 
pleted, and thereby furnish a continuous track to the 
city of Philadelphia, there can be no doubt but the va- 
lue of both improvements wdl be speedily demonstrated, 
in a style that will at once gratify and surprise their 
most sanguine advocates The amount of business 
which would immediately be thrown upon the Pennsyl- 
vania rail-way, from the AA'est Chester road, ought, in 
tlie opinion of the board, to induce the most strenuous 
exei-tions on the part of the officers of the state, to com- 
plete the laying of the rails from the city to the intersec- 
tion of the AA'est Chester rail-road.* Such an event 
would not only prove an important benefit to this town 
and district, but it would rmder that portion of the pub- 
lic funds, which now lies worse than dormant in the bed 
of the Pennsylvania rail-way, immediately and highly 
productive of revenue to the state. The directors are 
sanguine in the hope, that the wisdom of tlie legislature, 
and the public spirit of the canal commissioners, will 
cause til se obvious advantages to be secured, without 
delay, to the people of this commonwealtli. 
By order of the Board, 

A\'M DARLINGTON, President. 
Attest, AV.v. AViLbiAMSox, Secretary. 
Mesl Chester, Jo «. 16, 1832. 



§■ 
1 

1 
s 

1 

I 

3 

1 


oco-qa^ai4»-c.:>tOH- 


Sections. 
Commencing 
at A\'. Chester. 


> 


Reese & Carncross, 
Hughes & ftuinn, 
Bernard Elynn, 
Thomas Barr, 
Andrew Boyle, 
Perry & Grennells, 
Perry & Grennells, 
Smith & Conley, 
Philip Duffy. 


n 

3 


■J 


oc-looooco--tooo>oo!«. 


Kxcavation 
per cubic yard. 


fe 


OtOCOiO-^OOlOiOi? 


Embankment 
Do. 


P% 




Hard pan 
Do. 


s 


otoco->iot«oooow 


Solid rock 
Do. 


8 
? 


IOtOi010)-W)-'C.DCo2. 


Detached rock 
Do. 


cx o> u. u,'^ o> Ot *. o> 2. 

OOOO (OOUioSn 


Cross drains 
per foot lineal. 


1, 



* The board have just learnt, with great satisfaction, 
that tlie canal commissioners have resolved to place the 
laying of the rails, up to the AVest Chester road, under 
contract, en the 15th of February. 



1832.] 



WEST CHESTER RAIL-ROAD. 



75 



s. 




(0»'^C7itft.^C3ND>-* 


Sections. 


z 



T. 

-J 

tB 



z 


&'3 


°9 


1 

3C 


(O ■-• (O 10 10 — 
^ to *^ Oi ^ jO ^to *- 

"0 *(0 ^0 ^ *- '^ ^^ — ^ 

;j. -v^ ^ ^ *- 4^ ~. ^ --I 


E.vciivation, 
cubic y.irds 




p 


W to '-' Oi Oi JX ^— 


Emlxmk- 
mciit, cubic 
yards. 


cT» r^ 


"--J "vo 1- 00 en ^ "cj. 03 c,j 

0--I-CX:C,j-MOI0 03 
*. to (^ to u. ~^ 0, — 


^ 


3; 


51 



00 
CO 


iDIS SUgig 


Cross drains 
feet. 


3 S 
3 ^ 
5 s- 


si 


fe J; M ^ ^ - tj p 


Grubbing- 
trees. 




"< 


lisiillii 


Amount 
paid 


IS: 

ft" 0- 

Ir 

2 V 
S '^ 


1 




Amount 
retained. 

Excavation, 
cubic ) ards. 


B 

i 




1 



— s - 




Embankm't 
cubic yards. 




1 


Estimated 
cost of work 
to be done. 



fV/tok expenses incurred. 
Amount paid for road formation, drains, 

Rubbing, &c. $25,087 98^ 

Amount paid for stone delivered, viz ; 1 588 

perches, 
Amount paid for 250 rods of fence,r.-iils,&c. 
Amount paid for damages to crops, on the 

route, 
Amount paid for salaries of engineers and 

assistants, 
Amount of incidental expenses. 
Profit .and loss — counterfeit note received 

by commissioners, 



1193 06 
537 00 

50 83 J 

1534 29 
734 59J 

10 00 



Fencing yet to be done, 3,658 75 

Salaries of engineers and agents, 1,500 00 

Expenses to be incurred on the line of 

road, §50,447 35 

Add expenses already Incurred, 32,656 03 

Estimated whole cost of the \V«st Chester 

rail-road, §83,103 38 

,\dd, for car-house, toll-house, cars, and 
incidental expenses, 6,896 62 

Ag-greg.ate amount of expenses, necessary 

to put tlie rail-road in operation, g90,000 00 

(D) TREASURER'S STATEMENT. 

Thomas Willlimson, Treasurer of the AVest Chester 
Rail-road Company, in account with said Company, 
to January 2d, 1832, inclusive. 

To amount received upon the several in- DR. 

stalments ordered by the Board of Di- 
rectors, including the 5th instalment, 
due the 1st instant, 

Cash received for maps. 



C R By amount of payment, in pursuance 

of orders di-awn by the Board of Direct- 



Balance in treasury, 

Amount of instalments ordered by the 
board, and due to the above date (5th 
instalment) 

Received for maps, as above. 



Deduct cash received, 
Stockholders in arrears, 

•Since the 2d inst, there have 
been received by the trea- 
surer, $10,740 00 

In arrears, January 16, 5,905 00 



Whole amount paid, • $28,947 76i 

Add, per centage retained on the cost of 

road formation, 3,497 72J 

Do. for broken stone delivered, 210 54 



Aggregate expenses. 



§32,656 03 



(C) Enllmale nf the materials and expenses, requi'sile to 

complele the Jfesl Chester Hail-ronJ, January 2, 1832. 
Broken stone, 5,949 perches, (.at different 

prices,) 
Wooden sleepers, 12,735, (actual cost not 

ascertained) estimated at 
Pine scantling (rails,) 333,000, at 125 per 

M delivered. 
Iron, for rails, 235 tons, at $53 per ton, 

delivered. 
Spikes, 10,000 lbs. at 9 1-10 cU. per lb. 

delivered, 
Splicing plates, 2250 lbs. at 9 cts. per lb. 
Plank, for keys, 10,000 ft. at ;f20 per M. 
Laying 9 miles of rail-road, $750 par mile, 
Laying 18 turn-outs, including castings. 
Residue of grading, yet to be done. 



§5,163 68 

3,820 50 

8,325 00 

12,455 00 

910 00 

202 50 

200 00 

6,750 00 

3,250 00 

5,211 92 



§33,355 
6 


00 
00 


§33,361 
28,947 


00 

76i 


$4,413 


23i 


$50,000 
6 


00 
00 


$50,006 
33,361 


00 
00 


$16,645 


00 



$16,645 00 



January 16, 1832. 



(E) I.ETTER FHOM MAJOn WILSOy. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 11, i85Q. 
To the President and Directors or the West Chester Rail-road 
Company: 

Gentlemes. : The progress tluat has been made in 
grading the road, since it was placed under contract, 
and the preparaton," measures which have been token 
by tlie companv, for procuring tlie whole of the mate- 
rials necessary for completing the superstructure of a 
single-track rail-way, leaves no doubt that the line from 
West Chester to its intersection with the Stote rail-road, 
will be opened for traveUing during Uic ensuing sum- 
mer. . • . J 

The resident engineer, Mr. Baily, havmg furnished 
an estimate of the expenses yet to be incurred in the 
completion of the work, it is unnecessary for me to 
make anv reference to that part of the subject, but I 
woidd respectfully offer to the company a few brief re- 
marks on the reasons which influenced the adoption of 
a rail-way formed of wood, instead of stone or other per- 
manent material. 

Stone suitable for sills or blocks cannot be procured 
on any part of the line, between M'cst Chester and 
where it unites witli the Pennsylvania Rail-way. 

The great expense which must be incurred in pro- 
curing and hauling from a distance such hca\7 mate- 



T6 



STATISTICS OF POTTSVILLE. 



[Febhcabi 



rials, would not only have delayed the completion of the 
work, but would have enhanced the cost of its construc- 
tion. The newness of the embankments, and the lenpftli 
of time necessary for them to settle, is another consider- 
ation why a preference has been g-iven to wood. 



The number of taxable inhabitants, is Males 

Females 



598 
5 



603 



The public Building's in the Borough, are 
1 Roman Catholic Chapel, built in 
1 Episcopal Church, (St. Lukes,) built in 
1 Methodist Episcopal Church, built in 
1 Friends' Meeting House, do. 



On embankments which have not sufficiently consoli- siding in the borough, is 
dated, the wooden rail, resting on sleepers of wood, can 
be much easier repaired. On this plan, also, the road 
can be finished with less expense, and at an earUer pe- 
riod than with stone sills, or detached blocks, as bear- 
ings. This circumstance will, in some measure, com- 
pensate for the loss that will result from the decay of 
the wood; and should the company deem it expedient, 
at any future period, to lay a second ti'ack, sufficient 
experience will have been acquired to enable them to 
adopt that p'an which will be most conducive to the in- 
terests of the stockholders. 

I remain, gentlemen, very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN WILSON. 



The number of persons owning real estate and not re- 



167 



1828 
1830 
1830 
1830 



At the annual meeting of the stockholders of the 
AVest Chester Rail-road Company, held at the house of 
Samson Babb, in the borough of Westchester, on Mon- 
day, the 16th of January, 1832, 

btnEH ALisov. Esq was appointed chairman, and 
Mr. EnwAHD F. Evan's, Secretary. 

The directors laid before the meeting their report, 
(herewith published) of the affairs and proceedings of 
the company, which was read: 

Whereupon, on motion of W. H. Dillingham, Esq. 
it was 

Resolved, that this meeting approve of the proceed- 
ings of the directors of the West Chester Rail-road 
Company, as exhibited in their report this day submit- 
ted; and that five hundred copies of said report be pub- 
lished in pamphlet form, for the use of the stockholders. 

It was then, on motion, resolved, that the chairman 
and secretary of this meeting act as judges of the elec- 
tion now to be held, for the purpose of electing seven 
directors of the West Chester Rail-road Company, for 
tlie ensuing year. At the close of the polls, the votes 
being counted off, it appeared that the following per- 
sons were duly elected directors, viz: 
William Darlikctox, Jonathan Jones, 

Joseph Hemphill, Wm. Williamson, 

EiiHu CiiAiNcET, Samuel C. Jefeeiiis. 

ZiBA Pile, 

On motion, resolved, that the proceedings of this 
meeting, includingthe Report of the Directors, be pub- 
lished in the papers of the county. 

(Signed) OLIVER ALISON, Chairman. 
Attest, Edwaiid F. Evans, Secretary. 



The Institutions of a public character, are 
Post office established in the jear 
Miners' Bank of Ppttsvllle, chartered in 
Schools of various grades and dates. 
Fire Company, established in 

Two Volunteer Corps of infantry: 
1st. The Pottsville Guards, formed in 
2d. The National Light Infantry, formed in 

Three Weekly Newspapers: 
The Miners' Journal, commenced in 
The Schuvlkill County Advocate, comme'd in 1831 
The Schuylkill County Farmer, (German,) in 1832 
Among the occupations and establishments in the bo- 
rough, may be enumerated the following: — 

5 Male Teachers, 



STATISTICS OF POTTSVILLE. 

The assessed value of the Borough, in January, 1832, 
js as follows: 

Real Estate, Buildings, Horses, &c. 335,078 

Stocks, Bonds, Mortgages, &:c. yielding divi- 
dends or interest, 234,390 



569,468 

492 
220 
70 
8 
7 
4 
6 
1 
5 



Included in the above there is. 
Dwelling houses, 
Horses over 4 years. 
Cows do. 

Pleasure Dearborns, 
Gigs, 
Sulkies, 
Barouches, 
Buggic, 
Carriages, 



1823 
1828 



1830 



1825 
1831 



1825 



10 Blacksmith-shops, 
19 Blacksmiths, 

2 Wheelwrights, 

2 Hatters shops, 

5 Hatters, 

2 Cabinet makers shops, 

3 Cabinet Makers, 
2 U'atch makers shops, 
2 Watch Makers, 

2 Tin shops, 

3 Tin Smiths, 
9 Plasterers, 

3 Barber shops, 

4 Barbers, 
1 Coach maker shop. 



2 Clergymen, 
9 Attorneys at Law, 
1 Notary, 
8 Physicians, 
1 Post Master, 
1 Member House of Re 

presentatives, 
1 President of Bank, 
1 Cashier do. 

1 Land Surveyor, 

4 Justices of the Peace, 

3 Constables, 

2 Editors, 
7 Agents, 

25 Dry Goods, Groceries, 1 Coach Maker, 
Hardware, Wine, and 1 Coach Trimmer, 
Liquor Stores, 3 Saddlers shops, 

5 Drug, Paint, and Apo- 4 Saddlers, 

thecary Stores, 
35 Merchants, 

5 Flour and Feed Stores, 

5 Flour Merchants, 

2 Shoe Stores, 
27 Clerks, 
17 Coal .Merchants, 
25 Taverns, 

4 Barkeepers, 

1 U. S. Mail Contractor, 

2 Confectioners, 



1 Vinegar Merchant, 

1 Lottery Broker, 

2 Boarding Houses, 

2 Lumber Merchants, 

3 Collectors of Toll, 
3 Oyster & Beer Houses, 

11 Bakers, 
9 Butchers, 
7 T ailor Shops, 

12 Tailors, 
6 Painters and Glaziers, 

52 Carpenters, 

1 Grist Mill, 

2 Millers, 
1 Saw Mill, 
1 Skin Dresser, 

13 Boot and Shoemaker 79 Labourers, 

Shops, 156 Single Freemen, 

24 Boot and Shoemakers, 



2 Boat yards, 

7 Boat Builders, 

1 Cedar Cooper, 

2 Curriers, 
2 Tobacconists, 
1 Tallow Chandler, 

1 Weaver, 

2 Tanyards, 
2 Tanners, 

4 Turnei-s, 

1 Whitesmith, 

2 Foundries, 
2 Iron masters, 

5 Mouldei'S, 
1 Forgemaii, 
1 Collier, 
4 Breweries, 

8 Brewers, 

9 Stone Masons, 
1 Gun Smith, 

1 Brick Maker, 

2 Soap Boilers, 
4 Boat Captains, 
1 Potter, 
1 Milkman, 

15 Teamsters, 
46 Miners, 



1832.] 



SELECTIONS FROM LEGISLATIVE DEBATES. 



77 



SELECTIONS FROM LEGISLATIA'E DEBATES. 

From the Pennsylvania Reporter. 

COUNTY ALDERMEN. 

In SznxTE—T/iursduy,Jiin.2l. 

Mr. Bm-den offered the following' resolution, viz: 
Resolved, That the Committee on the .Kidiciary Sys- 
tem be instructed to enquire into the expediency of au- 
tliorizinp the Governor to appoint a certain, definite. 



men at that time composed the senate or select council 
of the city. These Aldermen were deprived of their 
legislative powers, and invested by law with the powers 
of Justices of the Peace, .ind the justices were resti-ict- 
ed to the constitutional hmit The consequence has 
been that the Aldennen bein^ limited in number, have 
not the temptation to oppress for the sake of fees, and 
there is no place in any country where justice is more 
faithfidly administered, nor where peace and good or- 
der prevail in a greater degree than in the city ot Phila- 
delphia. Now the resolution I have offered proposes 



and sufficient number of Aldermen, for each of the in- to extend the same benefits to the corporations of the 
corporated districts in the county of Phil.idelphia, with county. The committee will, after due deliberation, 
the same p 
city now h 
Justices of 



districts in the county of Phil.idelphia, with county. The committee will, alter clue cleliseration, 
owers and privileges which Aldermen of the I fix the number proper for each district, having refer- 
ave, and ot repealing the civil jurisdiction of | ence to to its population and pubhc necessities. In of- 
the Peace, so far as relates to the districts in fering the resolution, it must be evident I cannot be ac- 



which it is proposed to appoint Aldermen. 

Said resolution was read a second time, and there be- 



mg some opposition to its passage, 

Mr. BunntN said, it will be acknowledged by every 
member of the Legislature, that with regard to every 
county in the Commonwealth, the constitutional power 
of appointing Justices of the Peace has been exercised 
to a degree far beyond the necessities and welfare of the 
people. It h;is been the practice of every Executive, i pose 
about the time of retiring from the gubernatorial seat, to 
appoint a number of Justices, and generally from politi- 
cal motives alone. The new Governor, finding himself 
opposed by the recently appointed magistrates, h.as been 
compelled, from motives of self-defence, to create ano- 
ther batch of Justices, and thus they have increased to 
a number injurious to the interests of the community 



tuated by motives of popularit}-. The "squirearchy," 
(as Mr. C. J. Ingersoll well ciUed those unworthy to be 
appointed,) will be highly displeased, and should I ever 
come before the people for election, will do its best to 
remove me from public life. I have no motive but the 
welfare of tlie community which I have the honor to 
represent, and will not regret any personal sacrifice if I 
can succeed in passing such a law as the resolution pi-o- 



DIYORCE. ARE BLACKS, CITIZENS' 

House of Rep. Ji'edttesdaj/, Dec. 14, 1831. 
Mr. AValoh presented a petition from James Sisco, a 
coloured man from Washington, Pa. praying for a di- 
vorce. His memorial is drawn up with considerable 
bility and feeling. He states his early resolution. 



Had the appointments, in all instances, been confined (knowing the degraded standing of persons of his co- 
to men of integrity and ability, there would be no cause ' lour in general, ) to .acquire a reputation, by a correct 
of complaint; but not unfrequently persons have been deportment in all his transactions. In this determina- 
recommended and appointed, altogether unqualified." j tion he went on prosperously till November, 1829, when 

In the county of Philadelphia, the people have felt tinfnrtunuieli/^ he took to himself a wife. In this act he 
the consequences severely; and perhaps there is nothing , h.ad care to the selection of one who he had reason to 
under the color of law which causes so much oppression, ! believe had been taught to regard and observe the prin- 
as the existence of such Justices as now practise. The : ciples of propriety and virtue; but, to his mortification, 
poor and ignorant are the sufferers — they are made the he soon found he had been mistaken in his opinion; that 
the victims, and the 'squires fatten on their earnings. In he had taken to his arms, one who proved not only in- 
some few sections- there are no m.agistrates; in them the continent, but who actimlly committed larceny, and was 
people are moral and peaceable, but wherever the ma- convicted and sentenced to the pcnitentiarj'. At tliis 
gistrates abound, discord and immorality are encou- change of circumstances he was thunderstruck, and for 
raged. Every Justice must m.ake a living, and this rehef had brought his case before the legislature, that 
competition leads to practices disgraceful to the com- being the only tribuniJ competent to such purpose, 
munity, and to oppressions under color of law which [ The petition was referred to the committee on the 
would scarcely be credited: it seems to be tlie interests ; judiciary system, 
of the magistrate to have the laws violated, instead of j — 

having them respected. | The bill, an act to annul the marriage contract of 

Is there any mode by which this evil can be removed' j .lames Sisco and Delilah his wife was read a tliird time. 
The constitution directs that justices may be removed and on the question, shall the bill pass' 
by address or impeachment. The process originates in j Mr. McCuUoh observed, that he was opposed to legis- 

the House of Representatives, but this provision exi.sts lative divorces; he did not like the precedent it was a 

only in the letter, and not in practiealjility. We all proceeding entirely ex-parle, one of^ which the opposite 
know how unpleasant and how expensive it is to bring I p,arty,in gener.il, had no notice, and therefore he thought 
up a complaint before the legislature against a justice. | they ought not to be encouraged. This was the appli- 
A legislative body, on many account.?, is a very improp- j cation of a black man for divorce, and he thought if it 
er tribunal of justice for tlic trial of men; it h.as other I were entertiiined'we should have enough business of 
duties to perform, and it is next to impossible to remove i this kind to do. That on the southern border of the 



a justice from office by the constitutional mode, no mat 
ter what he has been guilty of. He may have been 
convicted in a court of justice, he may have been the 
leader of a riot, he may be totally unqualified tn admin- 
ister justice, still we know how difficult it is to put liim 
out 

There is a mode of remedying the evil, in perfect con- 
formity to the constitution, that is, by depriving the 
Justices of all the powers given to them by the laws, 
and leaving them no power but such as they m.ay exer- 
cise under the constitution; tliis would soon compel 
them to give up pnictice. 

We have an cx.ample of the benefits attending this 
mode. In the city of Philadelphia, Justices of the 
Peace were formerly created, and the power to appoint 
them still exists, although not exercised. The Alder- 



state, the courts of quarter sessions were at even.' court 
more or less employed in the trial of blacks for larceny 
He thought if this bill p.assed it would hold out such en- 
couragement to applications for divorce from blacks 
that our tables would be covered with tliem. He ob- 
scn'cd that the woman had been convicted more than a 
year ago, and sentenced to one year's imprisonment, 
which had now expired. That therefore she must have 
returnid to the society of her huiiband; that the prece- 
dent was a dangerous one, and he would vote against 
the bill. 

Mr. Galbraith ;isked that the petition and documents 
might be read, which was done. 

Mr. Waugh thought the facts set forth in the petition, 
and the record evidence accompanying them, were suf- 
ficient cause of divorce. Desertion was sufficient by 



•78 



LAW DECISIONS. 



[FiBBPisr 



act of assembly in court — this was the same in principle. 
No gentleman', he thought, would distinguish between 
black and white; the colour of the skin could not alter 
the principle; if the grounds were good in any case, it 
ought to be in tliis He thought the objection of the 
gentleman from Franklin, (Mr. McCuUoh that it would 
be an encouragement to blacks to apply for divorces, 
was not sound — his opinion was, it would be a check on 
them. The man sustained a good character, as was tes- 
tified to by some of the most respectable men in Wash- 
ington county. Ought we to refuse a divorce, sir, be- 
cause tlie man is a black man' He tliought not. 

Mr. Davis observed that this was a matter of more 
moment than met the eye or ear. He thought the co- 
lour of the man no objection; he would as leave vote to 
divorce a coloured man as a white man. The real ques- 
tion was of more importance. Is a coloured man a citi- 
zen of Pennsylvania' and can the legislature divorce a 
man who is not a citizen' Many men have doubts on 
the subject; some have not. If he is not a citizen, by 
passing this bill we sanction the idea that he is so. 

Mr. Waui;h asked the chairaian of the judiciaiy com- 
mittee for his opinion as to the citizenship of blacks. 

Mr. Shannon replied, that the question had not been 
decided. His own opinion was against them, and he 
had formed it from the constitution. They could not be 
required to do militia duty, or repel invasions; they 
were not looked to as the bulwark of the nation: they 
were incapacitated for appointment or election to office^ 
they had not the ri.i^ht of sufirage in Pennsylvania; they 
were not citizens to the full extent of the word. But 
still their rights of liberty and property are secured. 
Divorces by the legislature are matters of favour, only, 
not of right. In this case, he thought it was not expe- 
dient or necessary. We are not to know how many 
wives this man has. In our western country we hare 
the real flat heads, who have dozens of wives, andthmk 
there is no harm in it; they don't view larceny as a 
crime, but consider everv thing common property. 

If they don't look upon larceny as a crime, why di- 
vorce them' If no moral turpitude attaches to the of- 
fence in their estimation of it, if they really don't under- 
stand the guilt of the offence, they have committed no 
crime, and we ought not to prant a divorce. The man 
may have been accessary before the fact, for the pur- 
pose of enabling him to make this application. 

Mr. Valentine said he was no friend to divorces, un- 
less under very pecuUar and special circumstances. The 
laws of Pennsylvania authorize contracts between ne- 
groes, and the right to rescind the contract seepied na- 
turally to follow. The marital rights were tlie same. , 
The petitioner seemed anxious to have it believed tliat ! 
he was a man of good raor;\l character, and he was not j 
disposed to doubt it. If he possessed so good a charac- ] 
tcr, his wife would be better in his care tlian in that of 
any other— he knew no one who had a better right to 
take care of and protect her. He would therefore vote 
against the divorce, and e^ery other cUvorce, unless un- 
der very special circumstances, whichhe thought did not 
characterize this case. He would keep tlie probability \ 
of divorce at a distance, because it would have a saluta- j 
ry influence upon the marriage contract, and prevent it i 
from being entered into unguardedly. i 

Mr. Waugh thought there was nothing substantial in 
Mr. Davis's objection, and it was u-relevant whether 
blacks had a riglit to vote or not, a residence was suffi- 
cient for the protection of the law, citizenship was not 
necessary; a residence of one year was enough. The 
laws don't require them to be full citizens. 

Jlr. Davis observed that he was left just where he be- 
gan; he had received no more information from the 
gentleman than he possessed before. By the constitu- 
tion of the United States, neRroes and mulattoes are not 
citizens. He viewed them as wards of the state: some 
were taxed and some voted; but they never were citi- 
zens. 



Mr. Fuller said that the judiciary committee had re- 
ported this bill on principle. If one of the parties to the 
marriage contract be of good character, and the other 
infamous, he had understood that a divorce would be 
t:ranted. If they were not excluded from the courts, 
why exclude tliem from the legislature? He did not 
tliink it necessary in this case to decide the question of 
citizenship; if it were so, he thought it mi.ijht be deter- 
mined in favour of the blacks. In New Jersey free 
blacks are citizens, and this case comes within the prin- 
ciple of the wliites. 

'Ihe bill was lost — ^yeas 33, nays 58. 



MASTER AND APPRENTICE. 

Before King, President, and his Associates, Judges of 
tlie Court of Common Pleas for the city and county of 
Philadelphia, January 14th, 1832. 
Commonweallh ex relulione Lecture against Senneff. 

This case came before the Court upon a Habeas Cor- 
pus sued out on behalf of Samuel Lecture, by his father 
William Lectui-e, against George Senneff the respon- 
dent. By the return endorsed on the writ, it appeared 
that the respondent claimed to hold said Samuel Lec- 
ture, by virtue of an indenture of apprenticeship, dated 
the^ — day of — , 1827, executed before Alderman Badg- 
er by the said apprentice, by and with the consent of his 
mother Ehzabeth Lecture, by which he put himself ap- 
prentice to the respondent, to learn the trade of a house 
carpenter, and to continue with him until the age of 
twenty-one. It also appeared by the testimony of wit- 
nesses, that the father, William Lecture, a respectable 
man, was absent from the city on business when the in- 
denture was executed, having previously made ample 
provision for the support of his famiiy during his ab- 
sence, and was not aware of its execution until his re- 
turn. On its being mentioned to him, at first he was 
dissatisfied, but finally said, if the boy was satisfied to 
stay he was content. Subsequently, however, he be- 
came dissatisfied with the place, and often threatened to 
take his son away, but omitted taking legal steps to ef- 
fectuate such object until the present time. 

On these facts the question raised was, whether under 
the act of Assembly of the 29th of September, 1770, 
(Purd. Dig. 10,) the binding was valid, the father's 
consent being wanting to the indenture at the time of its 
execution? 

Joseph M. Doran, of counsel for the relator. 

Joseph A. f -lay, of counsel for the respondent. 

King, President. — This case is clear of all difficulty. 
Had the father immediately on his return home adopt- 
ed measures to test the validity of the indenture, and 
brought the matter judicially before me, I should then 
have said, without hesitation, that the binding was ille- 
gal for want of his consent, and would at once have or- 
dered the boy to be discharged; but inasmuch as he has 
neglected the adoption of those measures, and has thus 
acquiesced in the apprenticeship for four years and up- 
wards, I consider such conduct as equivalent to his ex- 
press consent, and therefore sufficient to confirm the in- 
denture. It would be monstrous, .as it certainly would 
be unjust, for any man with such strong proof of con- 
sent before his eyes to say that it did not virtually exist 
here, and to pronounce the indenture invalid, merely for- 
sooth, because the fiither was not a party tliereto when 
it was executed before tlie alderman. 

I am of opinion th.at the master has shown satisfactory 
reasons for tlie detention of Samuel Lecture, and accor- 
dingly direct that the apprentice remain in his custody. 

Important decision lo Tavern-keepers and Stage 
Oic-ners. ' 
United States, vs. Simon Lingle. 
January Sessions, A. D. 1832, before his Honor Judge 
Blythe and his associates, came on for ti-ial the follow- 
ing prosecution: 



1832.] 



STATEMENT OF COAL. 



79 



Simon Linijie, the defendant was indicted by Bene- one-third of the capital in said Bank, for the United 
zer Hale, contractor foi- carrying- the mail from Harris- 1 States, tog-ether with a sufficient bonus on the charter; 
bur^ to PottsviUe, under tlie authority given to State i one-third to be subscribed for by such of the stockhold- 
Courts, by the act of Congress passed in 1825. /"or I ers in the presert Bank, as may be citizens of the United 
xuilfitllii (ind Itnowingli] retarding the prugrcss I'f l/ie mail i States, the other third to be taken by such citizens of the 
ofl/ie (f. S/ale-i. United States, as may desire so to invest their surplus 

The facts of the case as given in evidence were as fol- 1 capital, 
'lows: Benezer Hale, the contractor for carrying the | "That tlicy also enquire into the expediency of pro- 
mail from Harrisburg to PottsviUe, had kept one set of j hibitingthe Bank from dealing in or holding real estate 
horses, at the defcndimt's, Simon Lingle, who kept a i except for the mere purposes of Banking houses and 
tavern; being the first place for changing from Harris- ; houses necessary for tlie transaction of the business of 
burg. Mr. Hale, had matle arrangements with another the company. 

tavern-keeper, .and directed his driver that when he left I "Of prohibiting the location of any Branch in any 
Mr. Linglc's, this particular morning, he should not State, without the consent of the Legislature of such 
bring the horses back. Mr. Lingle, discovering that the ' State. 

horses were going to be removed, locked the stible , "And also, of so forming the charter, that the Legis- 
door, and would not let the set ot change horses out of, latures of the several states shall and may exercise the 
the stable, until his bill of keeping was paid. In con- 1 power when they deem it expedient to do so,ofimposinga 
sequence of his dctiiining the fresh horses, the stage I fiur and reasonable tax upon the capil;d employed,in any 
■went no further, (the m.ail was sent on by horse by the 1 Bank or Branch of said bank, within the jurisdiction of 
defendant.) This was the grounds for the above prose- i such state; and also to subject the said corporation to be 
cution I/ia flonor Juilge lilfjlhe, in laying down tlie 1 sued in the District or Circuit Court in any state, where 
law, clinrgrd the jury, that the holding of the horses by i they may have a Branch located, and the cause of action 
virtue of the lien wh'ch tavcrn-keepei-s have on all horses 
fed by them, was no oH'encc, and was not a wilful re- 

tardrng Ihe passage >f l/u mail. That horses, stages. We are indebted to an obliging correspondent in 
and drivers, when not uctunlly engaged in canying the Philadelphia for the following 
mail from one stage to another, were stibject to the laws 

of Pennsylvania; and that the act of Congress only ap- STATEMENT 

plied to persons, horses and stages, when actually en- Of the quantity of foreign Coal imported into and ex- 
gaged ,n carrying the ma.I. ported from the United States for each yea^ endW 

Verdict for the defendants. on the 30th of September, from the year 1820, to 1831 

inclusive, both taken from the annual returns of the 
Secretary of the Treasury to Congress, also the bal- 
ance in bushels remaining for consumption reduced into 
tons of iH bushels e;ich — with the aggregate amount of 
Lehigh, Schuylkill, aud Lackawanna (Anthr.acite) coal 
mined and brought to market at tide water, from 
the commencement of that business in the year 1820, 
taken from the statement compiled and presented to 
the convention of the friends of Domestic Manufactures, 
held in New York, in October last: 



BANK OF THE U.VlTliL) STATES. 

Washington, Jun. 21, 1832: 
Co!«BBissio^.4L AsALTSis. — In the Senate yesterday, 
Mr. Benton asked leave to introduce the following joint 
resolution. 

A joint resolution declaratory of the meaning of the 
charter of the Bank of the United States, on the sub- 
ject of the paper currency to be issued by the Bank: 
Resolved, by the Senate and House of Kepresenta- 
tives of the United St;ites of America, in Congiess as- 
sembled, That the paper currency, in the form of oi-ders 
drawn by the Presidents of the Ofhccs of Discount 
and Ueposite, on the t.ashier of the Bank of the United 
States, is not authorized by any thing contained in the 
charter, and that the said currency is, and is hereby de- 
clared to be illeg.'U, and that the same ought to be sup- 
pressed. 

Mr. Benton supported the motion in a speech three 
hours long, and it was opposed by Messrs. Dallas, 
Buckner, Mebsler, Wilkins, Bibb, Chambers, and 
Smith; and further supported by Messrs. Forsyth, Mil- 
ler, Kane, Marcy, and Tyler. The question being ta- 
ken, leave to inti-oducc the resolution was refused as fol- 
lows; 

YEAS — Messrs. Benton, Budley, Ellis, Forsyth, 
Grundy, Hayne, Hill, Kane, Manjfum, .Marcy, Miller, 
Moore, Tazewell, Troup, I vler. White — 16. 

NAYS— Messrs. Bell, Bibb, Buckner, Chambers, 
Clayton, Dalla-s, Ewing, FootjKrelinghuysen, Hendricks, 
Holmes, Johnson, King, Knight, Naudain, Prentiss, 
Robbins, Robinson, Seymour, Silsbee, Smith, Tipton, 
Tomlinson, Webster, Wilkins— 25. 

The Speaker presented the memorial of the President 
and Directors of the Bank of Pennsvlvania, praying a re- 
charterofthe Dank of the United SUites. On motion of 
Mr. WicklifTe, it was referred to the committee of ^Vays 
and Means, with the following instructions to said com- 
mittee : 

"To enquire into the expediency of reporting a bill to 
incorporate a new Banking Cornpanv, tn take effect 
xnd go into operation after tlie e.xpiration of the 
charter of the Bank of the United States resen-ing 



) to to vo • to to to I.; to !o 
y30c--^GvUi**:^jto^c 



CTj ( 






; _ (O -.1 ^ CC yD C7, 
i_ - ^- to -.» f - C7^ Ui -^ (O 

-° i^ p> J^ "^ J-^ *- J^ p ~^ 

M to "to Co C "to 00 ^O "x -.q 
<0 ^ O CO (sj (J. — DD (.^ -J 
0> O O X ^ Cf, ttt C3 CO M 



Bushels 
Imported. 



4^ *-* i-i *.. to to . 



00 O, 4- 00 03 *.- ■ ~ 

O 00 La O o C 



Oito'C'-'o^-^oc'^;?* 

IOC7* — tO^N-C7^0iC7»^- 
-^ ZC ^ ^ X X '^ ■_ OiO 
00 to .c- to -O ~ 4». "^ V. J*. 
•— — ^<^**.•^^^c:.c^^-' 
tA^o-^3^H-^/l— Ml— to 



Bushels 
Exported. 



Bushels remain- 
ing forconsump 



00 



. «i to tc ! 



■ C3 t^ 



►-* "to 'ci "to "cn o^ ^to V oi "t-" 
O-l (O r O. O i- to - to to 
C7ii.tOMV»tnCOC.a'-JtO 



-.< — -1 Ol *. to 

J^ i^ ^ T" 3° i*^ i° i" i^ ."" 

<o O OO Oi'o Oib» 00 V"c> 05 
tO0C^C;i>^-tO.f..toSMO^ 



Equal to tons of 
28 bush. each. 



Anthracite tons 
of28 bus, each. 



KO — I-. M 
CJO>OC-ODO.COC3WtO 

Ci-^^C— U.CjC^O>Cft»CC 
*— O M 00 to 00 ^C C> L. u, t 



For 1831, up to the 22d October, 140,948 tons of An- 
thracite had bei-n brought to tide water. In conse- 
quence of the stoppage of canal navigation by ice a 
month earlier than usual, it will probably not exceed 
180,000 tons. — Miners' Juumal. 



80 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



[FsORUART 



The subjoined statement of the number of fires that 
occurred in this city, in the coui-se of the year 1831, 
with the amount of damage and the proportion insured, 
is from the list kept by the Recorder of the Pfx.xstlta- 
Kii Fire Cojirisr, and read to the members, every 
month, at their stated meetings. Its accuracy may be 
relied on: for the Company, composed entirely of gen- 
tlemen of great respectaljility, is not less remarkable 
for tlie care and order with which its in-door affairs are 
conducted, than for the activity, skill and courage, dis- 
played by its members when c^ed out for active ser- 
vice: — 



Fires 


1831 


DAMAGE 


D. 

'96^ 


IXSUKED. 


5 


January, 


$ 7,lu9 


$ 4,396 56 


9 


February, 


2,310 


00 


240 00 


4 


March, 


10,366 


00 


4,396 00 


9 


April, 


4,975 


00 


41'; 00 


5 


May, 


5,195 


00 


3,065 00 


6 


June, 


10,126 


5b 


5,120 00 


1 


July, 


19,640 


00 


6,000 00 


5 


August, 


13,320 


00 


7,875 00 


2 


September, 


400 


00 




6 


October, 


10,670 


00 


9,400 00 


4 


November, 


1,610 


00 


895 00 


7 


December, 


21,250 


00 


9,750 00 


63 




§106,972 


52 


$51,747 56 


Amount Insured, 


. 


$5 


,747 56 


Do. not Insured, 




5. 


>,224 96 


Total, 


$10 


5,972 52 



PUBLIC MEETING. 

At a town meetin-.^ of the citizens of this city and coun- 
ty, convened on Wednesday, 1st inst. at the county 
court house, to take measures for the suitable celebra- 
tion of the Centennial anniversary of the bii-th of VV'asu- 

IXOTOX. 

On motion of General Robert Patterson, the meeting 
was organized by calhng Benj. Richards, Esq. to the 
chair, and A. McCaraher and John Miles were appoint- 
ed secretaries. 

The following preamble and resolutions were offered 
by J. R. IngersoU, Esq. which were unanimously adopted. 

The citizens of PMadelphia audits vicinity, animated 
by the liveliest emotions of gratitude for the great ser- 
vices rendered to their country by Geo hge Washing- 
ton-, for the unblemished purity of liis principles in life, 
and the imperishable example afforded in his actions to 
the nation and to mankind, deem it an inestimable pri- 
vUeiie and a sacred duty, to contribute by every means 
in their power to the diffusion of his .^lory, and the pre- 
servation of his fame. They are sensible that public 
honours cannot add to the brightness of a reputation 
which time and its own unquestioned merits have alrea- 
dy removed beyond the assaults of envy and the reach 
of praise. But they feel that in paying a tribute of ho- 
noui- to the father of the republic, they do honour to 
themselves. For the bounties and the blessings which 
they now enjoy, they acknowledge themselves indebted 
more than to any other human means, to the combina- 
tion of fortitude, wisdom, and valor, which marked his 
conduct in war— to the dignified forbearance and en- 
lightened love of countr)' which guided his councils in 
peace— to the almost inspired humiUty which accompa- 
nied him into retirement, and shone forth from the re- 
cesses of his private life. 

A hundred years have now elapsed since the birth of 
this unequalled man. None of us are so aged as to 
have been living when that event occurred. None are 
so young as to hope to celebrate the return of another 
century. Let us now rejoice in our power to record 
the enthusiasm with which this generation cherishes his 
virtues, and to transmit to the yet ujiborn millions of 
another age, oiu- humble example of devotion to prin- 
ciples which were embodied in the life, and will conti- 



nue to shed their influence from the character of WASH- 
INGTON. - 

Resolved, That the citizens of Philadelphia and its 
vicinity will celebrate, with civic honours the 22d of 
February, 1832, as the centenary birth-day of George 
Washington. 

2. 'I hat the arrangements be referred to a committee, 
with instructions to make public, at an early day, the 
preparations they shall have made for carrying into full 
effect the intentions of this meeting. 

3. That a committee of arrangement be now appoint- 
ed, consisting of 24 persons, with full power to take 
order according to the spirit of these resolutions. 

On motion of Walter R. Johnson, Hcsolved, that on 
occasion of the approaching Anniversary of the birth 
day of Washington, it be respectfully recommended to 
our fellow citizens to abstain,at least during the hours set 
apart for the observance of the day, from their usual 
business occupations, in order that all classes of our citi- 
zens may have an opportunity of testifying the deep 
veneration which aU entertain for the memory of that 
first of patriots and of men. 

On motion Resolved, That the military of this divi- 
sion, and the surviving soldiers of the Revolution, resid- 
ing in the city and county, be especially invited to par- 
ticipate in the proposed celebration. 

The following gentlemen were appointed to act on 
the committee of arrangement, the meeting having re- 
solved that the chairman and secretaries should form a. 
part of that committee:, 

William Rawle, Benj. W. Richards, 

Alexr. McCaraher, Joseph K. IngersoU, 

Josiah Randall, Robert Patterson, 

Walter II Johnson, Col. C. G. Childs, 

Thomas M. Pettit, Henry » Gilpin, 

James Page, William M.lnor, jr. 

Thos. Cadvvalader, Charles S. Coxe, 

Benj. Chew, Jr. John Miles, 

Kenderton Smith, Jacob Frick, 

George N. Baker, Isaac W. Norris, 

Robert A. Parish, Thomas H Craige, 

Richard Palmer, James Ronaldson. 

BENJAMIN W. RICHARDS, 
Chairman. 



Alexander McCaraher, 
John MUes, 



'•'} 



Secretaries. 



THE REGISTER. 



FEBRUARY 4, 1833. 



After a considerable thaw for several days, and some 
rain — the navigation was so far open on the 22d and 
23d ult. as to admit of some arrivals; on the 24th it 
rained, and scarcely any ice was to be seen in the river. 
On the 25th there was a fall of snow to the depth of a 
few inches; and some sleighs were in motion. On the 
26th it was excessively cold — and by many considered 
the coldest day we have had this winter — and the river 
was again closed. On the morning of the 27th, at 7 
o'clock, a Thermometer, at the western part of Chesnut 
street, stood at 3 below 0. Since then the river re- 
mained closed till Wednesday or Thursday last — ^but 
now it is open and vessels arrive. 



Printed every SATURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F. GED- 
DES, No 9 Library Street. Philadelpliia; where, and at the PUB. 
LICAIION Ol'FICE, IN FKANKLIN PLACE, second duor back 
of llie Post Office,(front room) subscriptioni will be thankfully re- 
ceived. Price FIVE DOLLARS per an'i >2i, payable annually 
by subscribers residing in or near the eity, or where there is an 
agent. Other subscribers "pay iu advance. 



HAZARD^S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DEVOTED TO THE PtlESERVATION OF EVEFIT KIND OP DSEFDL INFORMATION IIE9PECTINO THE STATE. 

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 



VOL. lX.-]VO. 6. PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY II, IS32. NO 215. 



Frum ihc H.irifunl Timi-i. 

LITERARY CURIOSITY. 

A m.iniiscript copy of the following letter was placed 
in our hands by a li-icnd, wlio found it amon^ the mis- 
cellaneous contents of a sack of paper rags, collected 
by a pedlar in the southern states. The style of its 
penmanship is antique, but elegant. 'I he letter itself 
is distinguished bv uncommon eloquence and powers of 
persuasion. It appears to have been written by the 
Rev. .Jacob Dlche, a minister of the Episcopal church, 
.and for a -hort time chaplain to the first Continental 
Congress, and it is addressed to "His E.xcellency, Gen. 
Washint. TON." — It is probable this letter has been pub- 
lished before, but we have no recollection of it; and, 
thinking it cannot fail to interest our readers, and im 



great reason to apprehend. A veiy few daj-s after tha 
fatal declaration of Independency, I received a letter 
from Mr. Hancock, sent by express to Germantown, 
where my family were for the summer season, acquaint- 
ing me that I was appointed Chaplain to the Congress, 
and desired to attend at nine o'clock the next morning. 
Surprised and distressed by an event I was not prepared 
to expect, obliged to give an immediate answer without 
an opportunity of consulting my friends, I rashly ac- 
cepted the appointment. I could have but one motive 
for taking this step. I thought the Churches in danger, 
and hoped by this means to be instrumental in prevent- 
ing those evils, I had so much cause to apprehend. I 
can, however, -witli truth declare, that I then looked up- 
on Independency rather as an expedient, and an hazard- 
I ous one indeed, thrown out in Tennrem, in order to 
press them, as it has us, with a still more exalted vene- procure some favorable terms, than as a measure that 
ration for a man who rose superior to the discourage- ,^,^5 seriously to be persisted in at .all events. Mv sud- 
ments of circumstances, and the reduction of false jen change of conduct will clearly evince this io have 
friends, we lay it before them. been my idea of the matter Upon the return of the 

n/ ■; J ; 1- n . 0,1. i-ry committee of Congress, appointed to confer with Lord 

Phhdelphia, Oa. m, U77. Howe, I soon discovered their real intentions. The cUf- 
Sin — If this letter should happen to find you m coun- fcrent accounts, which each member gave of his con- 
cll, or in the field, before you read another .sentence, I | ference, the time they took to make up the matter for 
beg you to take the first opportunity of retiring, and | the public view; a, id the amazing disagreement between 
weighing well iU important contents. j the newspaper account, and tiie relation I myself had 

You are perfectly acquainted with the part I have ta- I from the moirth of one of the committee, convinced, 
ken in the present unhappy contest. I was indeed [ me, tliat there must have been some unfair and unge- 
among the first to bear my public testimony against | nerous proce<lure. The determination to treat on no 
having any recourse to threats, or even an armed oppo- other ground than that of Independency, which put it 
sition. But the torrent soon became too strong for my 1 out of his Lordship's power to mention any terms at all 
feeble efforts to 'resist. I wished to follow my country- was a sufficient proof to me, that Independency was the 
men as far only as virtue, and the righteousness of their , idol which they had long wished to set up, and that 
cause would permit me. 1 was however prevailed up- | rather than sacrifice this, they would deluge their couii- 
011 among the rest of my clergical brethren, to gratify | try in blood. 

the pressing desire of my fellow citizens, by preaching | ' y^am the moment I determined upon my resiirnation 
a sermon to one of the city battalhons. I was pressed j —and, in the beginning of October, 17r6 sent it in 

to DUblish *^*" "" ""'^ -..li.^t.»ntl,. ortr.o^,i»«rt T:^,.m \ t* . - . - . '^ . \^ . . *_ . » ^t I ll Jl. m 

p personal 
and a higl 
as public 1 

I received your thanks for my performance, in a letter, 
wherein you expressed in the most delicate and obliging 
terms your regard for me, and your wishes for a conti- 
nuance of my friendship and approbation of your con- 
duct. Farther than this 1 intended not to proceed My 
sermons peaks for itself, and utterly disclaims the idea of 
Independency. My sentiments were well known to my 
friends; I communicated them without reserve to man 




respectable Membersof Congresswhoexpresseda warm ; th-.:t was dear to you. You abandoned all those sweeU 



-— account 

of my conduct I thought due to the friendship you 
were so obliging as to express for me, and I hope will be 
sufficient to justify any seeming inconsistencies in the 
part I have acted And now, my dear sir, suffer me, 
in the language of truth and real affection, to address 
myself to you. .\11 the world must be convinced, that 
you engaged in 'he service of your country, from 
motives perfectly disinterested. You risked every thine- 



approbation of them. I persisted in using the public 
Prayers for my Sovereign, and the royal family, to the 
very la.st moment, though threatened with insults from 
the violence of a party. On the declaration of Inde- 
pendency, I called my vestry and solemnly put the 
question to them, whether they thought it best for the 



of domestic life, of which your affluent fortune gave you 
an uninterrupted enjoyment. But had you, could you 
have had the least idea of matters being carried to such 
a dangerous extremity, as they are now' Your most 
intimate friends at th.i't time, shuddered at the thought 
of a separation from the mother country; and I took it 



peace and wellarc of the congregations, to shut up the f„r gi-anted, that your sentiments coincided with theirs 



churches, or to continue the service, without using the 
petitions for the royal family. This was the sad alterna- 
tive. I concluded to abide by their decision, as I could 
not have time to consult my spiritual superior in Eng- 
land. They deemed it most expedient, under such 
critical circumstances, to keep open the churches, that 
the congregations might not be dispersed, which we had 
Vol. IX. n 



What have been the consequences of this rash and vio- 
lent measure' A degeneracy of reprcsent.ation, con- 
fusion of councils, blunders without number 1 he 
most respectable characters have withdrawn themselves 
and are succeeded by a great majority of ill beral and 
violent men Take an impartial view of the present 
congress. What can you expect from them.' Your 



82 



LITERARY CUUIOSII Y. 



[FtBACAni 



feeling's must be greatly hurt by the representation 
from your native province. 

You have no longer a Randolph, a Bland, or a Brax- 
ton. — Men, Avhose names will be ever revered, whose 
demands never ruse above the first grounds on which 
they set out, and whose truly generous and virtuous sen- 
timents, I have frequently heard with rapture from their 
own lips. O, my dear sir, what a sad contrast! Characters 
now present themselves, whose minds can never mingle 
■with your own. Your Harrison alone remains, and he, 
disgusted with his unworthy associate. As to those of 
my own province, some of them are so obscure, that 
their very names have not met my ears before, and 
others have only been distinguished forthe weaknessof 
their understandings, apd the violence of their tempers. 
One alone I except from the general charge, a man of 
virtue, draggled reluctantly into their measuies, and re- 
stramed by some false ideas of honor from retracting, 
after having gone too far. You cannot be at a loss to 
discover whose name answers to this character. From 
the New England provinces can you find one. that as a 
gentlemen, you could wish to associate with, unless the 
soft and mild address of >L-. Hancock can atone for the 
want of every other qualification, necessary forthe sta- 
tion he fills' Bankrupts, attorneys, and men of desper- 
ate fortune, are his colleagues. Maiyland no longer 
sends a Tilghman, and a protestant Carroll. Carolina 
has lost her Lynch, and the elder Middlcton has retired. 

Are the dregs of a congress then still to influence a 
mind like yours' These are not the men, whom you 
engaged to serve. These are not the men, whom 
America has chosen to represent her now. Most of 
them elected by a little low faction, and the few gentle- 
men that aie nmong- them, now well known to be upon 
the balance, and looking up to your hand alone to re- 
move the beam. It is you, sir, and you alone, that sup- 
port the present congress. Of this you must be fully 
sensible. Long before they left Philadelphia, their dig- 
nity and consequence was gone. M'hat must they be 
now since their precipitate retreat' I write with free- 
dom, but without invective. I know those things to be 
true; and I write to one whose own observation must 
have convinced him that they are so. 

After this view of congress, turn to your army. All 
the world knows that its veiy existence depends upon 
. you; that your death, or captivity disperses it in a mo- 
ment, and that there is not a man on that side of the 
question in America, capable of succeeding you. As to 
the army itself, what have you to e.xpect from them' 
Have they not frequently abandoned even yourself in 
the hour of extremity' Have you, can you have the 
least confidence in the sect of undisciplined men and 
officers, many of whom have been taken from the low- 
est of the people, without principle, without courage ' 
Take away those that surround your person, and how 
very few are there, that you can ask to sit at your table' 
Turn to your little Navy. Of that little, what is left' 
Of the Delaware fleet, part are taken, the rest must 
soon surrender. Of those in the other provinces, some 
are taken, one or two at sea, and the others lying- un- 
manned and unrigged in their harbours. 

And now, where are your resources' Oh, my dear sir! 
how s idly have you been abused by a faction void of ti'uth 
and void of tenderness to you and your country ' I hey 
have amused you with the hopes of a declaration of war 
on the part of France. Believe me, from the best autho- 
rit\-, it was a fict on from the first Eai'ly in the year 
1776, a French gentleman was introduced to me, with 
whom I became int.mately acquainted. His bus'ness 
to all appearance, was to speculate in the mercantile 
way. But I believe it v/ill be known, that in his own 
country, he moved in a hi.gher sphere. He saw your 
camp. He became acquainted with all your military 
pi-ep ra^-oni. He w. s introduced to congress, and en- 
gaged with them in a commercial contrac*. In the couise 
of our intimacy he has frequently told me, that he ho- 
ped the Americans would never think of Independen- 



cy. He gave me his reasons. " Independency, said 
he, can never be supported, unless France should de- 
clare war against England. I well know the state of 
her finances. Years to come will not put them in a 
situation to venture upon a breach with England. At 
this moment, there are two parties in the Court of Ver- 
sailles, one enlisted under the Duke of Choiseul, the 
other under Count Alaurepas. Choiseul has no chance 
of succeeding — he is violent for war. Maurepas must 
get the better — he is for economy and peace." This 
was bis information, which 1 mentioned to several mem- 
bers of Congress They treated it as a fable; depend- 
ing entirelj' on the intelligence from Dr. Frankhn. 
The truth of the matter is this: Dr. Franklin built upon 
the success of Cho scul. Upon his arrival in France, 
he found him out of place, his councils reprobated, and 
his party dwindled to an insignificant faction. This 
you may depend upon to be the true state of the court 
of France. And further, by a vast number of letters, 
found on board prizes taken by the King's ships, it ap- 
pears, that all commerce with the merchants of France, 
through whom alone the supplies have been convi yed, 
will soon be at an end, the letters being full of com- 
plaints of no remittances from America, and many indi- 
viduals having suffered greatly on that account. 

From your friends in England, you have nothing to 
expect; their numbers have diminished to a cypher; 
the spirit of the whole nation is in full activity against 
yoQ. A few sounding names among the nobility, 
though perpetually wrung in your ears, are said to be 
without character, ■ without influence. Disappointed 
ambition, I am told, has made them desperate; and that 
they only wish to make the dehided Americans, instru- 
ments of their revenge. All orders and ranks of men 
in (.reat Britain are now unanimous, and determined to 
risk their all in the contest. I rade and manufactures 
are found to flourish, and new channels are continually 
opening, that will perhaps more than supply the loss of 
the old. 

In a word, your harbours are blocked up, your cities 
fall one after another; fortress after fortress, battle after 
battle is lost. A British army, after having passed al- 
most unmolested through a vast extent of country, have 
possessed themselves with ease of the capital of Ame- 
rica. How unequal the contest was! How fruitless the 
expense of blood. 

Under so many d'scouraging circumstances, can vir- 
tue, can honor, can the love of your country, prompt 
vou to persevere? Humanity itself (and sure I am, hu- 
manity is no sti'anger to your breast) calls upon you to 
desist! Your army nriist perish for want of common ne- 
cessaries, or thousands of innocent families must perish 
to support them. Wherever they encamp, the coun- 
try must be impoverished. "Wherever they march, the 
troops of Britain will pursue, and must complete the 
devastation, which America herself had begun. 

Perhaps it may be said, that it is "better to die, than 
to be a slave." This indeed is a splendid m:x m in theo- 
ry, and, perhaps, in some instances, may be found expe- 
rimentally true. But where there is the least proba- 
bility of an happy accommodation, surely wisdom and 
liunianity call for some sacrifices to be made to prevent 
inevitable destruction. You well know there is but one 
invincible bar to such an accommodation. Could this 
be removed, other obstacles might readily be overcome, 
' I is to you, and you alone, your bleeding country looks, 
and cails aloud for this sacrifice. Your arm alone has 
sufficient strength to remove this bar. May heaven in- 
spire you with the glorious resolution of exerting this 
strength at so interesting a crisis, and thus immortal. zing 
yourself as the friend and guardian of your country. 

Your penetrating eye needs not more explicit lan- 
guage to discern my meaning. With that prudence and 
delicacy, therefore,' of which 1 know you to be possessed, 
represent to congress the indispensable necessity of re- 
scinding the hasty and ill-advised declaration of Inde- 
pendency. Recommend, and you have an undoubted 



1832.] 



1HE LATE STEPHEN GIRARD, ESQ. 



83 



right to recommend, an immediate cessation of hostili- 
ties. Let the controversy be taken up, where that de- 
claration left it, and where Lord Howe certainly ex- 
pected to have found it. Let men of ch ar and impar- 
tial characters, in or out of con^-ess, g-entlemen liberal 
in their sentiments, heretofore independent in their for- 
tunes, and some such are surely to be found in Ameri- 
ca, be appointed to confer with his majesty's commis- 
sioners. Let them, if they please, prepare some well 
digested, constitutional plan, to lay before them, as the 
commencement of a negotiation. When they have 
gone thus far, I am confident that the most happy con- 
sequences Will ensue. Unanimity will immediately 
take place through the ditferent provinces. Thou- 
sands, that are now ardently wishing an 1 praying for 
such a measure, will step forth and declare themselves 
the zealous advocates of constitutional liberty, and mil- 
lions will bless the hero, that left the field of war, to 
decide this most important contest with the weapons of 
wisdom and humanity. 

O sir! let no false ideas of worldly honor deter you 
from engaging in so glorious a task. Whatever cen- 
sure may be thrown out by mean and illiberal minds. 



With the most ardent prayers ■for your spiritual as well 
as temporal welfare, 1 am, sir, your sincere friend and 
obedient servant, J.^lOB DUCUE. 

To his Excellency, 
Gen. Wasuisoto."«. 



THE L.\TE STEPHEN GIRARD, ESQ. 

Departed this life, at Philadelphia, on Monday the 
26th of December, 1831, in the 82d year of his age, 
Sri-PHKM GinAnn, Esq, a citizen moi. extensively 
known throughout the United States, perhaps, than 
any other individual who has not appeared on the po- 
lit cal theatie. It is not our design to write a b ography of 
this extraordinary m.an, or to pro ouncean eulog um up- 
on his merits. It is suflicient for us to s.\v, that he 
held a high place in the esteem of the inhabitants of 
Philadelphia — that he was charitable and humane, tem- 
perate in his habits, rigid in his economy, just and up- 
right in h'S dealings, and devoted to industrious pursuits 
with a perse'erance and an intelligence seldom equal- 



led. It is particularly in reference to his successful ac 
your character will rise in the estimation of the virtuous j cumulation of property, by his commercial and banking 



and noble. It will appear with lustre in the annals of 
tistory, and form a glorious contrast to that of those 
who have f.iught to obtain conquest and gi-atify thtii- 
own ambition, by the destruction of their own species, 
and the niin of Uieir country. 

Be assured, that I write not this under the eve of any- 
British officer, or any person connected with the British 
army or ministry. The sentiments I have expressed 
are the real sentiments of my heart, sucli as I have long 
held, and which I should have made known to you by 
letter before, had I not fully expected an opportunity 
of a private conference. When you passed through 
Philadelphia, on your way to AVilmington, I was con- 
fined by a severe fit of the gravel to my chamber. I 
have since continued so much indisposed, and times 
have been so very distrcssing,thatl had neither spirits to 
write aletter, nor opportunity to convey it when written. 
Nor do I yet know by what means I shall get these 
sheets to your hands I would fain hope that iTiave 
said nothing by which your delicacy can be in the least 
hurt. If 1 have, it has, I assure you, been without the 
lea.st intention, and therefore your candor will lead you 
, to forgive mc. But what I have said is partly from my 
own knowledge, and partly from the information of 
some respectable members of the former, and some of 
the best officers of the latter. I would not offend the 
meanest person upon eaith. What I say to you, I say 
in confidence, to answer what I cannot but deem a 
a most valuable purpose 1 love my country, I love 
you. But to the love of ti-uth, the love of peace, and 



operations, that we propose to speak of him; and in this 
particular he stands altogether unrivalled, having no , 
equal, in point of wealth, in the Western Hemisphere. 

ilr. Gii-ard was a native of Bourdeaux, but came to 
this country above fifty years ago. He commenced 
mercantile business in I'hiladelphia with a very small 
capital, wliich he had saved from his earnings as a mas- 
ter of a vessel. His habits of living were the most eco- 
nomical; and by tlie time the pei-iod had arrived, at 
which our neutral position gave the shipping of the Uni- 
ted States superior advantiiges in commerce, he had ac- 
cumulated a sufficiency to enable him to enter the field as 
a ship owner. Taking advanUige, then, of tlie occasion 
thus presented, he adopted the principles of good faith 
in his navigating operations, acted most truly the part of 
a neuti-al, and to avoid incun-ingthe risks which attach- 
ed in those belligerent days, to vessels suspected of co- 
vering enemies' property under the American flag, re- 
fused to carry on board l\is ships property belonging to 
any body but himself The rigid observance of this rule, 
acquired for him a high reputation amongst the officers of 
the British navy; and it was a rare thing for a vessel be- 
longing to Mr. Girard to be detained on the high seas. 
Whilst other merchants were interrupted in their voy- 
ages, andh:id their vessels captured, sent in for adjudi- 
cation, and sometimes condemned rightfully or wrong- 
fully—the ships of Mr Girard sailed unmolested. He 
was not even in the habit of making insurance on his 
vessels and cargoes; and so great was his good fortune 
in this particular, that he very seldom, in his long ca- 



the love of my God, I hope I shall be enabled, if called i reer, lost a vessel. 

to the trial, to sacrifice every other inferior love. t Soon after he expiration of the Charter of the old 

If the arguments m.ade use of in this letter, should ' Bank of the United states, in 1811, Mr. Girard pur- 
have so much influence, as to engage you to the glori- chased their Banking-house in Third street, and com- 
ous work I have so wannly recommended, I shall ever I menced the operations of a Banker. The capital which 
deem my success as the highest temporal favor, that he placed in his banking establishment was understood 
providence could grant me. Your interposition and ad- [ to have been S1.2UO,000, which he not long afterwards 
vice I am confident, will meet with a favorable reception, | vested in the hands of tmstees, in order that, in case of 
from the authority under which you act. If it should 1 his decease, no inten'Uption should take place in the 
not, you have one infallible resource still left — negotiate fulfilment of his engagements as a banker, and that no 
for America at the head of your army. i derangement in the affairs of tlie commercial community 

After all, it may appear presumption in an Individual should result from a sudden withdraw.al of his capital, 
to address himself to you upon a subject of such mag- The management of the bank was, however, reserved 
nitude, or to say what measures should best secure the , to himself; and, from its first formation to the period of 
interest and welfare of a whole continent. The favor- his last illness, tlie discounts were entirely regulated by 
able and friendly opinion you'have always expressed of ; himself and his cashier. Of this capital and of its accu- 
me cmbohlened me to undertake it; and (which has j mulations, it is understood that not more than 
greatly added to the weight of the motive) I have been i 8300,000 h.ave ever been withdrawn from the institu- 
strongly impressed with a sense of duty upon this occa- tion, and that at a late period; and when we state the 
sion, which left my conscience uneasy, and my heart af- fact, derived from a respectable source, that the total 
flicted, till I had fully discharged it: 1 am no enlhusi- '' capital at this time is but JS4,000,OUO, it will show that 
ast. Ihe case is new and singtdar to mc. I could not | Mr. G'u'ard's banking operations were sJways conducted 
enjoy a moment's peace till the letter was written. within safe and pnident limits; for it is not known thit 



?4 



THE LATE STEPHEN GIEARD, ESQ. 



[FiBKUABr 



he expeiienced many heavy losses. At compound in- 
terest of eight per cent, money doublesin nineyearsand 
two days; and as Mr. Girard commenced his bank in 
Mai-ch, 1812, his capital should have been more than 
quadrupled, had his income, clear of expenses, been 
equal to e^ght per cent, per annum. 

But it must not be passed by, in noticing" the transac- 
tions of this first private banker in the United States, as 
well in regard to time as to extent of capital, that vr. 
Girard was a sound theorist upon questions of banking. 
He understood the matter instinctively. He knew that 
banks were only serviceable to a community, by ena- 
bling persons possessing capitals to anticipate them by 
getting their bills receivable discounted, and not by 
lending capitals; and, hence, he set his face, from the 
commencement, against lending money upon perma- 
nent accommodation notes, and confined himself so ex- 
chisively to the discounting of real paper, that he was of- 
ten enabled to lend money, whilst other banks were 
calhng in. At the time of the suspension of specie 
payments, which commenced in August, 1814, and 
continued to .January, 1817, Mr. Girard foresaw that 
the public might not have the same spirit of forbearance 
towards a private individual banker, as they would to- 
wards a corporation, and he accordingly took legal ad- 
vice on the subject, which led him to withdraw his 
notes, and to make loans and accept deposits payable 
only in the notes of the incorporated banks. Had he 
not done this, the probability is, that all who had claims 
upon him in the form of deposits, would have drawn 
out their funds in coin; and he would not only have 
been driven down, in his discounts, to the amount of his 
capital, but would not have been able even to get pay- 
ment from those who had borrowed his coin, in any 
other money than the depreciated paper of the incorpo- 
rated banks. 

During the whole period of his bank'ng operations, 
Mr. Girard carried on foreign commerce more or less. 
His operations were generally directed to long or cir- 
cuitous voyages. His trade to China, the East Indies, 
and other coimtries east of the Cape of Good Hope, 
was at one time very extensive, as was also his trade to 
the North of Europe Several foreign voyages wei-e 
sometimes performed without the sh'p's returning 
home; and hence it may be seen, that the labors of the 
counting-house were not so multiplied as those which 
are necessary to be performed w th much le.ss capital 
employed in short voyages. To this circumstance, 
added to very early rising, is to be ascribed the leisure 
which Mr. Girard enjoyed, and which was devoted to 
the cultivation of a farm a few miles from the city, 
which he visited for years almost every day, and where, 
perhaps, he imbibed the goMen sentiment which has 
been ascribed to him, and which shows that he did not 
consider that he lived alone for himself— "If I thought 
I should die to-morrow, I would plant a tree to-day " 
Indeed he acted uniformly upon this principle; and we 
le rn, that, having lately contracted for the building of 
a number of houses on the square of ground called bv 
his name, situate between Market and Chesnut and 
Eleventh and Twelfth streets, he made provision in his 
will for their being completed, in case he should not 
Lve to see it done. 

When we say that Mr. Girard was an economist, we 
do not say it merely in a relative sense, but in a positive 
one. We recollect ourselves once calling at his count- 
ing-house to see him on business, and were told by his 
clerk, that he was then busily employed in the cellar, 
cutting up with his own hands his winter's pork, and 
could not be seen. Me entertained no company, lived 
upon the most simple food, plainly cooked, engaged in 
none of the scenes or indulgences of social life; and, 
being a widower for some years past, without children, 
h si fe was a solitary one. His chief happiness appear- 
ed to be, employment. He was never idle, but was 
emphatically, a man of business. He was rigid in his 



bargains — took careof hissix-pences, knowing that the 
pounds would take careof themselves — and would, per- 
haps, hoUl out fur the change of a cent, as long as any 
poor man living. I his was the result of his habits of 
early life, and was, in fact, a part of that system and 
method which he uniformly displayed, and which con- 
stituted h m the very individual he was. There is no 
evidence that he loved money. He certainly did not 
accumulate property for any good it could do himself 
He resembled more a steward of some great proprietor, 
managing a large estate for a very moderate compensa- 
tion, than the propr etor himself. He did not appear to 
covet honors or fame, and was free from every display 
of ostentation. His dwelling-house was under the same 
roof with his counting house, in a narrow street near 
the river, (Water street,) and in a neighborhood occu- 
pied altogether with stores. His equipage was an old 
chaise and a sober looking' farm horse, and the furniture 
of his house was of the plainest sort. In personal ap- 
pearance, he was as plain as the plainest citizen; and so 
entirely free was he from all pride of purse, that he 
looked more Lke a man worth a hundred dollars than 
eight millions. 

Thi"-. economical style of life, known to every body as 
characterizing Mr. Girard, has inducid some persons to 
entertain very erroneous views of the influence of his 
mode of living upon the welfare of the community. 
You would hear people saj-, "It is a pity that Mr. Gi- 
rard does not make a better use of his money — he ought 
to live more affluently, and, by that means, give employ- 
ment to tradesmen, and other poor people. " It is very 
certain, that Mr. Girard contributed very little to the 
support of livery servants, footmen, coachmen, pastry- 
cooks, French restaurateurs, ice-cream makers, dancing 
masters, musicians, play-actors, hair-dressers, fancy 
shon-keepers, iewellers, and many other callings; but 
his income was not, on that account, less unexpended. 
His fancy was to set in motion the industry of ship-build- 
ers, riggers and sail-makers, seamen, stevedores and 
draymen, and of late years, that of carpenters, bricklay- 
ers, brick-makers, masons, plaisterers, panters, glaziers, 
j marble masons, and all the other mechanics employed 
I by h'min bu'lding houses. What portion of his capital 
! and income he did not so expend, he lent to others, to 
I be expended as they might see fit; and perhaps it may 
! be said, that not a dollar of his immense wealth was 
' suffered to lie idle. So far from his mode of expendi- 
I ture operating d'sadvantageously to the working classes, 
it has been, of all others, the one which was calculated 
' to pro'luce the greatest good to the community. No 
I part of his income has been spent unproductively — for 
[ every dollar which has gone towards the support of in- 
! dustrv, there is a dollar's worth, or something more to 
I show for it; which would not have been the case, had 
I the course been pursued which so many people deem 
to be the most beneficial. Kven the little he consumed 
I himself, in his support, was but the wages of a hard- 
I working overseer, or manai er, engaged in seeing the 
property entrusted to his stev/ardship apphed to the 
most productive purposes. And cannot any one per- 
ceive that the superintendence of so frugal and indus- 
trious a steward, has been the means of accumulating an 
immense fund in the city of Philadelphia, which could 
never have existed, but owing to the cheapness with 
which so large a capital was managed ' The same sum 
divided into a hundred portions, could never have pro- 
duced the same accumulation; .and for this simple rea- 
son, that, in its management, a hundred individuals or 
families woidd have had to be supported, whereas, in 
this case, only one individual was to be supported, and 
he too, very frugally. Had Mr. Girard been a miser 
who buried his wealth, had he hidhistalent ina napkin, 
then, indeed, he would have been obnoxious to the im- 
putation of an tmfaithful steward. But he did not so — 
he put his talent to the exch.angers, where it accumula- 
ted for the benefit of the community, more than for 
that of himself-, and, as far as the question of national 



1835.] 



PENNSYLVANIA HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 



85 



wealth is concerned, he may be called a good and faith- 
ful sei vant. 

If these views are correct, Mr. Girard cannot but be re- 
garded as a g-reat public benefactor, nor can his death be 
considered other than as a great public loss. His pro- 
pertv, it is true, is left behind him, but it can never 
hereafterbe so productively and economically manag-ed; 
and whilst the individuals or corporations who inhcr'.t it 
are gainers by his death, the community are losers The 
aid which he has rendered to several works of Internal 
Improvement, bv loans, and subscriptions to theirstock, 
which invariably gave strength and confidence to the 
companies concerned in them, would alone entitle him 
to the appellation we have bestowed upon him, and we 
trust that a monument to his memory may decorate 
some conspicuous spot in our city, as evidence of the 
public gratitude to one who has done so much service 
to the country, and who has set so bright an example 
for the imitation of the poor and industrious. — Banner 
<iflhe CoDslituliun. 

PENNSYLVANIA HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, 

Established in Philadelphia, offers the following Premi- 
ums for Esculent Vegetables and Fruits, for 1832 and 

1833. 

1st. For the best forced cauliflowers, not less than 
three in number, to be produced on or before Wednes- 
day, May 9th, 1832, a premium of five dollars. 

2d. For the best early cauliflowers grown in the open 
ground, not less than three in number, to be produced 
on or before the second Monday of July, (9th,) 1832, a 
premium of five dollars. 

3d For the best late or autumnal cauliflowers, not 
less than three in number, to be produced on or before 
the second Monday in November, 1832, a premium of 
five dollars. 

4th. For the best early cabbage, not less than six 
heads to be produced on or before the last Saturday in 
May, (26th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

5th. For the best early peas, not less than a half peck 
in quantity, to be produced on or before Saturday, 5th 
May, 18o2, a premium of three dollars. 

6th For the best early peas grown in Pennsylvania, 
not less than a half peck, to be produced on or before 
Sat\irday, lUth May, 18.i2, a premium of three dollars 

7tli For the best broccoli, not less than five in num- 
ber, to be produced on or before the second Monday in 
November. C12th,) 1832, a premium of five dollars. 

8th. For the best Melongena, (egg plant) not less 
than three in number, to be produced on or before Sa- 
turday, 4lh of August, 1832, a premium of three dol- 
lars. 

9th. For the best artichokes, not less than six in num- 
ber, to be produced on or before the second Monday in 
June, (11th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

10th. For the best cardoon, (cynara cardunculus) not 
less than five stalks, to be produced on or before the 
second Monday in October, (8th,) 1832, a premium of 
five dollars. 

11th. For the best celery, not less than six stalks, to 
be produced on or before the second Mond.ay in Novem- 
ber, (12th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

I2th. For the best taragon, not less than three fair 
sized bunches, to be produced on or before the second 
Monday in May, (14th,) 1832, a premium of two dol- 
lars. 

loth. For the best tomato, (love apple) not less than 
one dozen, to be produced on or before the last Wed- 
nesday in June, (27th,) 1832, a premium of three dol- 
lars. 

14th. For the best strawberries, not less than two 
quarts, to be produced on or before Saturd.ay, 26th 
May, 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

15th. For the best raspberries, not less than two 
(juarts, to be produced on or before the second Monday 
in July, (9th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 



16th. For the best gooseberries, not less than one 
quart, to be produced in a ripe state during the season 
of 183-', a premium of two dollars. 

17th. For the best cherries, not less than two pounds, 
to be produced on or before the last Saturday in June, 
(jOth,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

18th. For the best apricots, not less than one dozen, 
to be produced on or before the second Monday in Ju- 
ly, (9lh,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

19th. For the best peai-s, not less than half a peck, to 
be produced on or before the second Monday in Octo- 
ber, (8th,) 18 >2, a premium of three dollar-. 

2uth. For the best pears, not less than half a peck, to 
be produced in a ripe state from December, 18>2, to 
the second Monday in March, 1833, a premium of five 
dollars. 

21st. Eor the best grapes, foreign, not less than four 
bunches, to be produced on or before the second Mon- 
day in October, (8th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

'. 2d. For the best native grapes, not less than four 
bunches, to be produced on or before the second Mon- 
day in October, (8tli,) a premium of three dollars. 

23d. For the best plums, not less than two dozen, to 
be produced on or before the second Monday in Octo- 
ber, 8th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

24th. For the best early potatoes, not less than one 
peck, to be produced on or before the last Saturday in 
May, (26th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

25th. For the best early apples, not less than half a 
peck, to be produced on or before the second Monday 
in August, (13th,) 1832, a premium of two dollars. 

26th. For the best fall apples, not less than half a 
peck, to be produced on or before the second Monday 
in October, (8th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

27th. For the best winter apples, not less than half a 
peck, to be produced on or after the second Monday in 
January, (10th,) 1833, a premium of three dollars. 

28th. For the best early peaches, not less than half a 
peck, to be produced on or before ihe second Monday 
in August, (Ijth.l 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

29th. For the best late peaches, not less than half a 
peck, to be produced on or alter the first Monday in 
October, (8th,) 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

30th. For the best early cucumbers, not less than six 
in number,, to be produced on or before Wednesday, 
2d May, l-i32, a premium of five dollars. 

31st. For the l^est forced lettuce, not less than four 
heads, to be produced on or before Wednesday, 18th 
April, 1832, a premium of three dollars 

32d. For the best lettuce grown in the open air, not 
less than six heads, to be produced on or before Wed- 
nesday, the 16th May, 1832, a premium of three dollars. 

33d. For the best figs, not less than one dozen, to be 
produced on or before Saturday, 29th September, 1832, 
a premium of three dollars. 

34th. For the best quinces, not less than a half peck, 
to be produced on O' before Wednesday, 3lst October, 
1832, a premium of three dollars. 

35th. For the introduction of any new and valuable 
seeds, fruits or plant- during the year 1832, a premium 
of from two to ten dollars, at the discretion of tlic So- 
ciety. 

In addition to the premium, the Society's Certificate, 
handsomely framed, will be awarded to each successful 
competitor. 

The object of the Society in offeringthe.se premiums, 
is to excite a spirit of emulation among cultivators, to 
improve the varieties of fruits and vepet;iblcs, and dis- 
seminate a knowledge of the art of gardening. There- 
fore all persons, whether members of the society or not, 
are eligible as competitors, and are invited to become 
such. 

Fruits and vegetables m.ay be sent to the Seed Ware- 
house of Messrs. D. & C. Landreth, No. 85, Chetnut 
street, where the Committee will attend for examination 
every Wednesday and Saturday morning, from 8 to 9 
o'clock. 



86 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[FEBBOAi* 



It is desirable that each kind of fruif oflered for com- 
petition may be as numerous as possible, reg-ard being 
had to produce none b>'t of a fine quality, for instance, 
the first fruit on the list for premiums is strawberries, the 
two quarts of which may consist of numerous kinds, 
though a single variety excelling all others offered, 
would be successful. Each kind should be accompa- 
nied by its name. 

It isalsodesirablethatthe vegetables exhibited should 
be accompanied by short observations on the mode of 
cultivation, if peculiar, together with any other remarks 
of utihty. 

If of any article for which a premium is offered, no 
specimen be submitted worthy of distinction, the Socie- 
ty reserves the power to withhold tlie premium. 

It is to be clearly understood, that any fruits and ve- 
getables brought forward for competition are to be tlie 
growth of the competitor. 

Further information, if desired, can be had on appli- 
cation to any member of the council. 

GEORGE VAUX, President. 

C. FicKEKiNG, Recording Secretary. 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 

Thursday, Feb. 2, 1832. 
SELECT COUNCIL. — The following letter addi-ess 
ed to the Mayor from the Executors of Stephen Gi 
rard was received. 

Philadelphia, January 30, 1832. 
The Mayor is respectfully informed by t^e executors 
of Stephen Girard, that there is property in vessels and 
merchandize afloat, valued-at $220,000, no part of which 
is insured, and that in Savannah, Norfolk and Alexan- 
dria; there is merchandize in store to the value of 
$130,000 purchased by order of the testator, not in 
sured against fire, it havlni; been the practice of the 
Testator, not to insure, and as the executors are advised 
by their Counsel that they are not at liberty to insure, 
unless by the authority of those who are interested in the 
residuary of the estate, they give this information in or- 
der that thev mav be instiucted on the subject. 

TIMOTHY PAXSON, 
THOS. P COPE, 
JOSEPH ROBKRTS. 
JOHN A. BARCLAY. 
Mr. Masset offered the annexed resolution which was 
adopted. 

Resolved, By the Select and Common Councils of the 
City of Philadelphia, I hat the Councils hereby consent 
and agree that the Executoi-s of S. Girard, deceased, 
may insure any property belonging to his Estate, now 
under the care of the executors whether in merchan- 
dize, in store, afloat, or in vessels, and that so far as 
the authority of the Councils is necessary to enable said 
Executors to make such insurance, such authority is 
hereby granted. 

The annexed letter from Mr. D. S. Hassisceb, en- 
closing a copy of the Bill was received. 

Sir,— I have the honour to inclose a copy of a Bill, en- 
titled "An act to appoint additional wardens for the 
Port of Philadelphia," reported in Senate by Mr Taylor, 
chairman of the committee to whom the memorial from 
Spring Garden was referred. 
I am, very respectfully. Sir, your most ob't serv't. 
UA^"HJ S. HASSINGER. 

Senate Chamber, 
JNO. M. SCOTT, Esq. Pres'dt. Select Council. 
AN ACT to appoint additional Wardens for the port of 
Philadelphia. 
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House 
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enact- 
ed by the authority of the same: That immediate- 
ly after the passing of this act there shall be four addi- 
tional assistant wardens for the port of Philadelpliia, 



two of whom shall reside in the city of Philad^^lphia 
west of Tenth street; one in the distr ct of Spring Gar- 
den, and one in the township of Moyamensmg or Pas- 
syunk; to be annually appointed by the governor, sub- 
ject to all the duties and penalties, and having the same 
powers and privileges as by law are now granted to the 
board of wardens for the port of Philadelpliia. 

The following letter from Mr. William Both was 
also received. 

Harrisburg, Jan. 29, 1832. 
Jso M. ScoT-f, Esq. 

President Select Council: 

I herewith forward two copies of the bill, entitled 
" An Act to incorporate the York and Maryland line 
Rail Company," which bill has passed the House of Re- 
presentatives. I he bill is in order for Wednesday 
next in Senate. Be pleased to transmit one of the co- 
pies to Common Council, for the use of that chamber. 
1 am, very respectfully, yours, &c. 

W.VI. BOYD. 

Mr. Masset offered the annexed resolution, which 
was passed by the Select Council, but rejected by the 
Common Council: 

Resolved, That the Mayor be, and he is hereby au- 
thorized, in behalf of the city of Philadelphia, to pro- 
ceed to Ilarrisburif, if his official duties permit, and at 
such time as he may judge propei-, for the purpose of 
promolmg and procurinj,'-, as early as practicable, the 
enactment of such a law as may be requisite to carry 
into execution the will of the late Stephen Girard, 
agreeably to the bill which was handed to the commit- 
tee in Philadelphia appointed by the House of Repre- 
sentatives to confer with tlie Councils upon the subject. 

COMMON COUNCIL. — Mr. Fiiitz presented the 
following petition, which was referred to the Paving 
Committee: 

Te the Select and Common Councih of the City of Phi- 
ladelphia. 
The memorial of the subscribers, residents in Thir- 
teenth street and its vicinity, in the township of 

Moyamensing — respectfully showeth. 

That the subscribers h:ive incurred an expense of 
more than four thousand dollars, in paving Thirteenth 
street south of Cedar street, and have made costly im- 
provements there; but are now exposed to great loss 
and injury in consequence of the levels and descents 
that have been jjiven to the newly laid pavements and 
gutters within the city, near the said place; by which 
the whole refuse water in times of heavy rain is thrown 
southward, so as to empty upon the tow'nship of Moya- 
mensing, at the corner of Thirteenth street; where it 
necessarily finds a vent along the said street upon the 
property of your memorialists, in a manner that is 
found to be injurious and destructive to an alarming de- 
gree. The whole line of Thirteenth street is there 
turned into a di-ain for the refuse water of the citj', by 
which the pavement i; injured and the cellars of the 
houses are filled; and the consequences to the subscri- 
bers, both as it regards property and health, are very 
serious. 

Representations of their grievances have been made 
to the Commissioners of the township of Moyamensing 
without the slightest prospect of rehef,— some alleging 
that it is but just that each corporation should provide 
for the dischirge of its own surplus water, without 
casting it upon the adjacent property; and others, the 
inability of the township to incur an expense of this 
kind. Under these circumstances, your memorialists 
submit their distressed situation to the consideration of 
your honourable bodies, with the fond hope that a re- 
medy will be ordered, either bj' means of a culvert or 
drain within the city, or by a covered passage for the 
water southwardly to the natural water courses at no 
gi-eat distance. 

Your memorialists pray for an early attention to this 
subject, as their property in its present state is exposed 



1832.1 



INFORMATION REQUESTED RELATING TO MANUFACTURES. 



87 



to destruction, owing to the immense body of water 
which is thrown upon it from the bounds of the city. 

Mr. Okie presented a petition from victuallers who 
had occupied places in Market street, west of Ninth 
street, which was referred to the Committee on Mar- 
kets. 

Mr. Okie presented the annexed petition, which was 
referred to the Committee on the Girard Fund. 
Tu the Select and Commnn Coiincik. 

The undersigned, tenants of the late Stephen Girard, 
Esq. of dwelling-s Nos. 160, 162, 162i and 164 South 
Second street, which property by his will has passed to 
the city of Philadelphia, respectfully represent, that 
they .ire unwillin,? to continue tenants of said property 
at the rents which they have within a few years paid, 
and request tlie Councils m.ay reduce the same to four 
hundred dollars from the 1st ultimo. 

They beg leave also to slate, th.at some of them have 
been tenants of the late owner for several years, and 
during- the greater part of that period have paid but 
the latter price. F. DUSAR, 

JOHN R. LEGEE, 
JOHN B. MYERS, 
JAMES DAY. 

Philadelphia, Feb. 1st, 1832. 



INF0RM.\T10N REQUESTED RELATING TO 
MANUFACTURES. 

The Franklin Institute, has with commendable zeal, 
undertaken to collect information respecting tlie ex- 
tent and value of manufactures in this state— and for 
this purpose appointed a committee of nine gentle- 
men, who have issued the following' circular and que,- 
ries; in a tabular form, neatly printed, and applicable 
to nine distinct classes of inquiry. We have arranged 
the heads of the tables (our pages not permitting us to 
give the form, wliich is the same for each class,; under 
tlie first class, so that any person wishing to communi- 
cate, Qn any branch, will know the form in which it is 
desirable for uniformity to place it. 'I he subject is of 
great importance, and one which addresses itself to eve- 
ry citizen, especially to every ons engaged in any branch 
of manufacture; and we most cordially commend it to 
general attention, trusting that tliis attempt to present 
a complete statement, will be promoted by every per- 
son capable of imparting the desired infoi-mation. Such 
a view as this will afibrd, when completed, is a gi-eat 
desideratum, and one that has never yet been fur- 
nished. — 

Hal! of FrtmkUn Inalltute, ? 
Philadelphia, J.an 1, 1832. 5 

Sir, "The Franklin Institute of the state of Pennsylva- 
nia, for the promotion of the .Mechanic Arts," prompted 
by a desire of furtlieriiig the objects of their association, 
by obtaining information which may, through the medi- 
um of their Journal, be rendered extensively useful to 
the country, have appointed tiie undersigned a comm.t- 
tee for the purpose of ascert;iining tlie number and con- 
dition of all the manufacturini; establ.shments and me- 
chanic Insitutions in this state. The recent census of 
the United Suites, it is well known, is deficient in its 
returns of the physical power and resources of the coun- 
try, now so e-\tensively developed by the cnteipr.zc, 
skill and capital of our citizens in all the import- 
ant- branches of national industry. Nothing is more 
eagerly desired by the public, than a particular know- 
ledge of these interesting subjects, so intimately con- 
nected with the objects of general science and education. 

The Prankhn Institute being established witli the 
view of aiding in all laudable objects of this nature, and 



disclaiming entirely any bias of sectional or political 
considerations, have appointed us a committee to so- 
licit and collect information that may supply so import- 
ant a dosider.atum. We take the liberty, therefore, re- 
spectfully to invite your co-operation in an object which 
cannot be accomplished in any other way than by infor- 
mation voluntarily contributed by patriotic and scien- 
tific citizens residing in the numerous manufacturing 
and mechanic settlements throughout the state 

I he earhest and moste.\act statements of the various 
subjects to be detailed, are particularly desirable; and, 
in order that our views may be clearly understood, we 
anne.x a Schedule of interri'gutories, to which we re- 
quest as specific answers as maybe obtiined, with such 
statistical and general information in addition thereto, 
as may seem promotive of our especial object. Care 
h;is been taken to avoid making inquiries that may be 
thought irrelevant, or improper on account of txpoing 
interests, the publication of which would be objected to 
by those concerned, .and on this account a column for 
the average price of labor is omitted; but as there is no 
statistical inquiry more interesting, nor one that would 
probably exhibit our industrious population in a more 
advant.ageous light, it is requested that such informa- 
tion m.ay be given on this subject in the last column as 
can with propriet}' be ascertained, designating the kinds 
of labour and average rates of wages paid monthly or 
per annum. 

Should you find it impracticable to procure the desi- 
red intelligence personally, we shall esteem it a favour 
to be informed by you, as early as po-iHiik, of the names 
of those persons residing in your neighbourhood, who 
would be most suitable and willing' to satisfy our inqui- 
ries. You will notice, by the table sent herewith, that 
the information for the various classes, may be ascer- 
tained by different persons, to be appointed by your- 
self, in case you require any aid; and the arrangement 
of the columns is such that a general and uniform result 
m.ay be obtained throug'hout the state. 

Your communications, addressed to William Ham- 
ilton, Esq. Actuary of the Institute, will he gratefully 
appreciated, and any explan.ations that may from time to 
time be required, will be readily afforded by us. 
We are very respectfully. 

Your obedient servants, 

William H. KE.iTi!to, "^ 
C. C. Haven, I 

W. R JoHXSOS, 
FREnERTCK FkaLET, | 

Alex. Dallas Bache, ^Committee. 

Samuel A'. Merrick, I 

Thomas Fletcher, 

A. S. Rot» its, I 

James RosALnso?:, J 

ISAAC HAYS, Cor. See. 

CLASS FIRST. 
Contvning details of cotton, woollen, silk, flax, 
hemp, paper, and other manufactories, together with 
dying, bleaching, and print works, paper hanging, 
rope making, blanket, carpet, oil cloth, hosier)-, and 
umbrella factories. 

1. Name and Designation of ilanufactories, Work- 
shops, &c. 



Work Buildings, i O'^'^opi'^'l 
° ? Ui.occu 



lOccupied. 

3. Tenaments for Families. 

4. Estimatc<l value on the 1st January, 1832, of the 
real estate, buildings and fixtures, belonging to the es- 
tablishment. 

5. Estimated value of Oie machinery, fools fire en- 
gines, and other apparatus in use, except fixtures. 

6. OperaUvcs. < over 14- ^ Fcmaics. 

C Children imder 14 vears. 



88 



WILLIAMSPORT AND ELMIRA RAIL-ROAD. 



[FsBltrARl- 



C Number. 

( F.stm'd Pow'r. 

5 Number. 

I Size & descr'n. 



7. Institutions for theii- scientific and moral instruc- 
tion. 

8. Quantity and kinds of raw materials used in 1831, 
designating whether forcig-n or domestic. 

9. Value of such raw r Foreign. 

materials in cash -J Domestic, 
at the factory. (_ Uncertain. 

1 0. Ki nd and quantity of goods manufactured in 1 83 1 . 

11. Cash value of the goods manufactured in 1831, 
estimated by the average prices in the nearest general 
market. 

12 Hand looms and other power, 
f Steam 

13. Operating Power. ^ •^"Fate" 

(_ wheels. 

14. Mode of gearing from the moving power, whe- 
ther by belts or cog wheels. 

15. Kinds and quantity of fuel used per annum, and 
its cash value at the factory. 

16. Estimated value of goods manufactured in fami- 
lies, in 1831, independent of those specified in the pre- 
cedant; columns. 

17. Quantity and kinds of wool, woad, madder, tea- 
sels, and other raw materials used in manufacturing 
which are annually produced in the township. 

18. Estimated value of the same. 

19. Any other information which may be deemed 
valuable, please insert at the bottom of this sheet, 

CLASS SECOND. 

Containing details of iron and steel manufactories, 
iron ore banUs, forges, furnaces, foundries rolling 
mills, tilt hammers, machine shops, establishments for 
the making of steam engines, fire engines, stoves and 
grates, saws, screws, wire, nails, shovels and spades, 
edge tools, and cutlery in general. 

CLASS THIRD. 

Containing details of manufactories of copper, zinc, 
brass, tin, lead, pewter, silver, gold, SiC, together with 
bell and type foundi-ies, shot towers, button factories, &c. 

CLASS FOURTH. 

Containing details of manufactories and handicrafts 
n wood, including those of ship, steam, and other boat 
Diiilders, mast makers, &c. 

CLASS FIFTH. 

Containing details of tanneries, curriers' shops, glue, 
and neats foot oil works, morocco, parchment, sad- 
dle and harness manufactories, &c. 
CLASS SIXTH. 

Containing details of chymical laboratories, sugar re- 
fineries, breweries, bakeries, distilleries, pot and pearl 
asheries. soap manufactories, glass works, porcelain 
and earthenware potteries, fire brick and crucible ma- 
nufactories, &c. 

CLASS SEVENTH. 

Containing details of salt works, lime kilns, marble, 
slate, and other stone quarries and work yards, together 
with mines of anthracite aud other coal, lead, copper, 
black lead, and other minerals, metals, &c. 

CLASS EIGHTH. 

Containg details of flour and grist mills, saw mills, 
plaster mills, oil mills, bark mills, powder mills, to- 
bacco, snuflT, and segar factories, &c. 

CLASS NINTH. 

Hui^cmfU, such as hat, cap, and bonnet makers. 



glovers, boot and shoe makers, tailors, comb and brush 
makers, blacksmiths, whitesmiths, gunsmiths, carpen- 
ters, cabinet makers, chair makers, wheelwrights, car- 
riage makers, printers, engravers, lithographers, book 
binders, map and globe makers, mathematical, philo- 
sophical, and musical instrumentmakers, coopers, stove 
makers, tinplate workers, &c, 



The attention of our readers is particularly invited to 
the following petition from citizens of the state of New 
York, to their legislature, praying for the incorporation 
of a company to construct a rail road from Elmirato the 
Pennsylvania state line It contains much valuable in- 
formation not heretofore known in tliis quarter. 

Lycoming Gaz. 

From the Ehnira Rfpnlilican. 

WILLIAMSPORT AND ELMIRA RAIL ROAD. 

To the honourable the legislature of the state of New 
York, in senate and assembly convened: 

The subscribers, inhabitants of the county of Tioga, 
respectfully represent, that an improved public road 
from Elmira in said county, to WiUiamsport in the state 
of Pennsylvania, has. for several years past, been deem- 
ed by many, an object of interest and importance, and 
has attracted a share of attention from our national 
councils. Experience having demonstrated the emi- 
nent utility of rail roads, and satisfied tlie pubhc mind 
of their superiority over all other known improvements, 
as well for inland transportation of heavy articles, as for 
facility, speed and safety of travelling, your petitioners 
are induced to apply to your honourable body to incor- 
porate a company to construct a rail road on that part 
of the route which lies in this state: and your petition- 
ers are satisfactorily assured, that a similar application 
will be made to the legislature of the state of Pennsyl- 
vania, at its present session, in order to effect the con- 
struction of that portion of the proposed road, which 
will be located in that state. 

Under a full conviction of the benefits which would 
accrue from this contemplated improvement, not mere- 
ly of local character, but as having intimate connexion 
with the general interests and commerce of the state, 
and as not unworthy of consideration, as of national 
concern, your petitioners desire respectfully to sohcit 
the attention of your honourable body, to some of the 
advantages, which, from situation, it obviously presents. 

Elmira is situated on the Chemung river, the western 
branch of the Susquehanna in this state, about eight 
miles from the north line of the state of Pennsylvania; 
being at the southern termination of the Chemung ca- 
nal, seventy miles south from Montezuma, where this 
lateral branch, through the Seneca and Cayuga canal, 
connects with the great Erie canal. Williamsport is 
seventy-two miles nearly due soutli from Elm ra, situa- 
ted on the great West Branch in the state of Pennsyl- 
vania.forty miles north westerly from its confluence with 
the Susquehanna, at Northumberland. Limited east- 
wardly by the extensive curve of the Susquehanna, and 
embraced between its above mentioned western tribu- 
taries is a wide expanse of inland territory, generally 
well adapted to agriculture, rapidly advancing in im- 
provement and population, and abounding in many 
places, with mines of coal and iron ore. This region 
must be supplied with salt and plaister from this state, 
brought principally through the Chemung canal; and 
every improvement which facilitates the transportation 
of these heavy and valuable articles will obviously in- 
crease their demand, by enlarging the sphere in which 
they can successfully meet competition from other 
sources. On our ordinary and imperfectly wrought 
roads, salt is now carried to Williamsport, and even as 
far south as Bellefonte, in Centre county, more than 
one hundred miles southwesterly from Elmira. Plaister 
also from the same place is distributed in considerable 
quantities along the intermediate country/ Iron is now 



i832.] 



WlLl.tAMSPORT AND ELMIHA HAIL-ROAD. 



89 



manuractuied at several places in this mineral region, 
and various kinds of casting-s and wrought, are now 
constantly transpoited from it into this state. In the 
county of Lycoming, forty miles south of EIniira, di- 
rec ly in the line of the proposed rail-road, ine\liausti- 
ble coal mines commence, and continue, in many places, 
to and along the West Rranch. Of all sources, which, 
at various times, have been suggested for procuring 
coal, to answer the wants, which, from failure of wood, 
will soon become imperious in many of the western 
parts of our state, these call fields probably afford the 
best assurance of yielding, at a cheap rate, an ample and 
enduring sujiply. Were the road now proposed, to be 
constructed for the single purpose of conveying to our 
navigable channels, this indispensable f\iel, for -our 
growing villages and multiplying workshops, the day is 
probably not far distant when 1} would be deemed an 
undertaking, demanding earnest and united exertion for 
its aeromplishment. 

A slight observance of these facts must render it 
sufficiently apparent, that when the Chemung canal 
nhall be completed, the proposed rail-road will at once 
■open and faeilit;ite aw extensive and most valuable com- 
mercial intercourse, highly productive of the conve- 
nience and prosperity of our citizens, subservient in its 
consequences to the ge;ieral interests and welfiu-e of 
the state. 

Hut the pvospccts of the contemplated voad are not 
limited by benefits of a commercial character alone, 
however important. It has claims to consideration, of 
higher bearing andliuver extent. It will form an inter- 
■esting and essential link in a great chain of communica- 
tion from the capital of onr national republic to our 
northern frontier, connecting with other communica- 
tions, to all the western parts of this state. From tlie 
•city of Washmgton, by way of Baltimore, to Hanisburg, 
the capita! of the state of Pennsylvania, thence to Wil- 
Tiamsport, and contip.uin.g in almost a northerly course 
along the proposed road, the Chemung can.al, Seneca 
Lake, and the .Seneca and Cayuga canal, to tlie Krie 
canal at Montezuma, is a distance of less than three 
hundred and fit\v miles. From Montezuma, by a dis- 
tance of about twenty miles, partly by the way of the 
Erie canal, the navigable waters of Lake Ontario are 
reached at Sodas Bay, the best harbour on that lake- 
From \Villiams]>ort to the city of Washington, this great 
line of communication will soon be complete by canals 
and rail-roads. 

The site of the contemplated road is unusually fa- 
vourable for such a work; and in proof of this, as well 
.as to introduce some just considehitions in relation to 
its importance in a national point of view, your petition- 
■ers would Tcspcctfully refer to the report of Dr. Wm. 
Howard, civil engineer, who, pursuant to a resolution 
of congress of December, 1828, examined a route for 
a national road, from the city of Washington, to our 
north-western frontier. The report states, " a cursory 
view of the country s.itisfied us, that the best route 
from Williamsport to the mouth of the Genesee river. 
Sodas Bay, or Oswego, must pass through I'ost Town 
or Klmira " In reference to the Post Town route, the 
report slates, "from the inspection of the grad.ations, it 
will be seen how roug"h and hilly is the surface over 
which it passes." In relation to the F.Imira route, the 
report continues, " by reference to the map and to the 
table of gradation, an idea may be formed of the re- 
markable line of valley, formng almost a continuous 
one, in a direct line between Williamsport and F.lmira. 
There is fifty -three miles of this road that does not ex- 
ceed one degree; thirteen miles over one degree and 
not exceeding two; and six miles over two and not ex- 
ceeding three degrees." By combination and compa- 
rison o(^ these different roiites, it appears that for a road 
to terminate either at Sodtts Bay, Osweiro, or Sackett's 
Harbour, the best route would pass by F.lmira. the head 
of Seneca Lake, and Geneva 

In respect to the national importance of this road, the ' 
Vui. IX. 12 



report contains the following pertinent remarks. " The 
importance of such a road as that now proposed, in a 
I militar)- point of view, is so strongly marked, that it 
j will not be necessary to dwell upon it, but to point it 
; out. It will afford a ready communicition to the 
northern frontier, from the central part of Pennsylva- 
nia, from Maryland and the eastern portion of Virginia, 
j giving facilities for the transportation not only of men, 
j but also of many of tlie supplies and munitions of war, 
j which are the productions of those three states. During 
, the last war, the route by Painted Post was found ne- 
cessary for this purpose and extensively used: and not- 
withstanding the badness of the roads, suppUes of all 
kinds were carried at an expense, which, it is satisfacto- 
rily ertimated, wovUd have been sufficient, in a single 
campaign, to have defrayed the cost of the work." 
"As the means of transmitting intelligence with rapid- 
ity, the work is also of great importance in military 
operations, forming as it docs, the nearest channel be- 
tween the northern frontiers and the seat of govern- 
ment," 

The committee on roads and cj^nids, in the House of 
Representatives in con.gress, to whom tlie reports and 
surveys in relation to this northern route were refen'cd, 
state in their report on that subject, that by the con- 
struction of this road, two important locations for mili- 
taiT depots would be establislicd, one at Harrisburg and 
one at Elmira. Their report also states, ** it is purposed 
to extend a navigable canal with a view to unite the 
Chemung river with the head of Seneca lake, which is 
already connected witii the grand canal of New York. 
Elmira will possess three essential properties of a mili- 
tary depot; it will be sufficiently removed from danger 
to preserve it from sudden attack, while it will be equal- 
ly convenient to the sources of its necessarj- supplies, 
and to the probable theatre of their future application, 
in any war which may occur with the only enemy the 
United States are likely to have to encounter on the 
land." 

Although it has not been deemed the just policy of 
the general government to undert.ike the construction 
of this road, yet the information obtained from survey, 
and the views entertained in relation to its great utility 
and importance, are not the less applicable. Whether 
the cost of its consU-uction be defrayed by the funds of 
the government, or of a joint stock company, its utihty 
to the public will be much the s.ame. It can be regard- 
ed as no doubtful evidence of the increasing importance 
of this route in the public estimation, that by a recent 
order of the post office department, the mails at the 
city of Washington and Baltimore, destined for western 
New York, are now directed by way of Harrisburg and 
Williamsport, and, on the range of this contemplated 
road, to Elmira. Forming, indeed, as this road evident- 
ly must, in an improved state, the most favourable, as 
well as the most direct route and eligible line of com- 
munication between the city of Wa-shington, Baltimore 
and the greater part of tlie southern portion of our 
Union, and all the western parts of this state and our 
Canadian frontier, your petitioners are persuaded that it 
would soon become the thoroughfare for immense tra- 
vel, augmenting the revenue to be derived from the 
road; and th.at it would greatly increase the public ac- 
commodation; expedite the transmission of mails, facili- 
tate the intercourse, strengthen the ties and promote 
social feeling, between the inliabitants of different and 
distant sections of our common country. 

S.atisfied that the proposed work may be undertaken 
without hazard, th.at capital may be invested in it with 
safety and sure profit to individuals, and with conse- 
quences highly beneficial to the public, and that from 
its obvious commercial utility and national importance, 
it is, in the view of your petitioners, an improvement 
justly demanded from the enlightened and enterprising 
spirit of our age and people; your petitioners respect- 
fully pray your honourable body to incorporate a com- 
pany under the name of "Tob I'.r.vin* Axn Wiiii*M« 



90 



REPORT OF THE WATERING COMMITTEE. 



[FXBHCART 



PORT R.iiL Ro ID Compact," with a capital of 575,000; 
authorizing said company to construct that portion of 
said road to be located between the villag-e of Elmira 
and the north line of the state of Pennsylvania, with 
such powers and privileges as, by your honourable body 
shall be deemed just and reasonable, and as in duty 
bound they will pray. 
January, 18j2. 



A5"!rcAL hepoht of the 
WATERING COMMITTEE. 

Tu Ihe Select and Common Council of the City of Phila- 
del/ihia. 

The Watering Committee respectfiilly present, here- 
with, detailed statements of the accounts, for the year 
1831, of the works under their care; together with an 
estimate for the year 1832. They also \sy- before 
Councils such explanations, as, they trust, will enable 
them and their constituents to understand the present 
state of the entire water establishment. 

In order that the accounts of 18 j1, may be more dis- 
tinctly comprehended, it may be useful to refer to those 
of 1830. 
In 1830, the receipts from all sources 

amounted to §60,036 82 

And the payments were — 
For Water Works, 535,660 84 

To Sinking Fund, 14,000 00 

To -I as Fund, 15,900 00 

$65,560 84- 
So that there was placed to the credit of 
the Tax Fund, more than the income 
waj-ranted, 5,524 02 



The receipts for 1831, consisted of — 

This sum obtained on loan, S 36,200 00 

Water Rents from City, ^43,534 14 

Northern l.iberties,12,054 62 

Southwark, 5,948 67 

Spring Garden, 5,229 29 

66,766 72 



And that the nature of the 

expendilurem3.y be understood 

this statement is presented: 

Expenses of, or attending, dis- 
tribution, g 5,073 02 

Expenses at I'air Mount Works, 6,157 27 

Wheel and Pump, 4 699 62 

Iron Pipes, . 34,693 80 

Expenses attending the appli- 
cation of the water power, 1,500 30 

Expended in constructing Re- 
servoir No. 4, 6,692 31 

Incidental expenses, 982 00 

Salaries: — 

Frederick Graff, §2,000 CO 

Samuel W. Rush, 1,000 00 

Samuel Currev, 211 25 

3,211 25 



$ 102,966 72 



8 65,560 84 
The accounts for 1831 show, as they ought to do, a 
balance in favour of the works, and not as in 1830, 
against them. 

The receipt.^ for 1831, were — 
From Water revenue,_ $ 66,765 72 

From loan imder ordinance of April 14, 

1831, 36,200 CO 



The payments for 1831, were— 
Balance due Citv Treasurer, on accounts 

of 1830, ' S 5,524 02 

For purposes of Water Works, 63,009 57 
To Sinking Fund, 14,000 00 

To 'I as Fund, per ordinance of 

May 16, 1831, 5,830 80 



§102,966 72 



8,364 39 



Leavin.g a balance for Water purposes of 

1832, $ 14,602 33 

So that, to meet all the estimated de- 
mands for 1832, there wiU be wanted 
but 30,862 67 

$45,465 00 
From all which it must be apparent, that, in case the 
water revenue for 1832 shall equal that of 1831, of 
which there can be no doubt, there will be a balance in 
favour of the Works, for the year 1832, of 535,904 05, 
equal, it is hoped, to all the needful expenditure for 
1833; and thus the whole water revenue of 1833, may 
be applied to the extin.guishment of debt, and the same 
process be thereafter continued. 

That the proi;re3sive increase of water revenue, and 
the relative sources thereof, may be perceived, the 
Committee present such a statement, at present, as was 
made in the last report, namely: 



Of this balance, there were applied — 
To pay balance of 1830, due 

City Treasury, S 5,524 02 

To Sinking Fund, 14,000 00 

To Tax Fund, 5,830 80 



63,009 57 
$39,957 15 



Leavinc: as heretofore stated, for water 
purposes for 1832, 

539,957 15 
Estimnlefor 1831. — On reference to the Report made 
to Councils on the 8th of February, 1831, it will be seen, 
that the amount of the estimate for that year was, 

$ 70,665 87 
Of this there was expended the 

sum of §63,009 57 

There remains in Treasury, to fi- 
nish wheel and pump, 7,800 38 

70,809 95 

Showing an excess beyond estimate of $144 08: It is, 
however, to be observed, that the balance would have 
been in favour of the works, or estimate, if demands 
had not arisen, of which no anticipation could have 
been formed, such as 

Forreceiving the Boston Guards, S442 58 

For laying 888 feet of Iron Pipe? in streets or- 
dered to be paved, excess, 888 CO 
For laving 242 feet of Iron Pipes, excess, 242 00 
For excess of cost of 20,747 pounds of lead, 311 20 

Sl,883 78 
Estimate for 1S32. — The sum estimated to be neces- 
sary for the year 1832, for the objects detailed in the 
annexed estimate, is §45,465 00. On reference to 
former estimates, the moderation of the present will be 
understood; for, it will be seen, that, in the present es- 
timate for 1832, there are included items to the amount 
of 523,565 00, for objects not embraced in former esti- 
mates, but for which provision was made by loans; con- 
sequently, the sum asked for 1832, for purposes embra- 
ced informer estimates, is only §-1,900 00. 

Iron Pipes. — The remainder of the iron pipes, which 
were contracted for in 1830, were laid down during the 
year 1831; the extent of pipes estimated in the report 
of 1831, was 11,500 feet, but 11,742 feet have been 
laid, or 242 feet more than calculated upon. 

Inconsequence of extending the iron pipes in Locust 



1832.] 



REPORT OF THK WATERING COMMITTEE. 



91 



street, from Tliirteenth to Broad street, and in Juniper 
from Spruce to Walnut street, 3,888 feet of iron pipes 
have been laid in streets ordered to be paved, being' 
888 feet more th.in"the extent estimated. The whole 
extent of the iron pipes laid in 1831, was 15,63U feet, 
nearly three miles, m;ikinj,' the whole extent laid in the 
City nearly 44 miles. 

(Vojrieii Pip(s. — There were laid in 1S31, in repairs 
to wooden pipes, 1,131 feet, beings 281 feet more than 
in 1830; from which it must be obvious, that although 
the extent of wooden pipes is annually diminished, by 
the introduction of iron pipes in their stead, the public 
streets cannot be kept in order until all the wooden 
pipes shall have been removed. 

'J'/te Dunt. — As some inquiry has been instituted in 
Councils in relation to the I'air Mount Uam, it gives the 
Committee pleasure to be able to state, that its condi- 
tion is sound and safe; the planking and all the other 
repairs, deemed necessary to render the dam perfectly 
secure, h.ave been completed, with the single exception 
of depositing an additional quantity of rubble stone 
backing, and that will be done as soon as the state of 
the weather shall permit; the cost for this object is em- 
braced in the estimate. 

Hexerviiir No. 4 — For this part of the works, f 650 
yards of clay have been delivered: 5995 yards of earth 
have also been added to the embankments, and such 
other work has been done as to render this reservoir 
substantial, as far as it has been formed. In their last 
report, the Committee recommended, that one section 
of this reservoir shoukl be completed in 1832; finding, 
however, that the reservoirs now in use are amply sutH- 
cient for the supply of water to the city and distri' ts, 
they deem that undertaking unnecessary at present. 
Your Committee, having examined the embankments 
of this reservoir, since they were formed, are of opinion, 
that safety embankments w.U be necessary at some 
points, where the present embankments .are too high. 
As these additional supports will add greatly to the so- 
lidity of the general structure, they are included in the 
annexed estimate. 

PV/trel niid I'timp. — These new appendages have not 
been completed at as early a d.ay as was expected; this 
is owing to the difficulty of procuring suitable m;iteri- 
als, and to the delay caused by making defective cast- 
ings, which were condemned. The new wheel and 
pump uill, in all probability, be in operation early in 
the ensuing spring, long before their atlcUtional aid will 
be needful for public purposes. There has been ex- 
pended for this object, the sum of S4699 62, and the 
sum of ^7K00 38 is on hand for its completion. 

Garden l'l,i nl /■",;;> Mo'inl. — The wall for securing 
the bank of the Schuylkill, south of the engine build- 
ing, has been finished, coped with stone, and fenced in 
a substantial manner. A great increase in the height 
and thickness of this wall became necc-iary, in conse- 
quence of the difficulty of finding rock bottom for a 
part of the foundation; the expense attendant, as well 
as the cost of filling up the low ground, east of the wall, 
and of forming a garden plot there, exhausted the sum 
estimated for those objects. For the completion of this 
part of the premises, under care of the Committee, in- 
cluding sodding, planting trees, forming gravel walks, 
and erecting a fbunt.ain, the sum embraced in the esti- 
mate will be requisite; and your Committee cannot 
doubt that it will be readily appropriated; heretofore, the 
ground between the bridge and the works has presented 
a s;id contrast with the adjacent scenei'y; in future the 
entire property of the city will present uniformity in 
ta.ste as well as utility. 

Main nn the old Canal Bank. — The 20 inch iron main, 
laid in 1820, was carried along the old canal bank, 
from John street to Schuylkill Second street, under an 
impression, that at a future day it would be opened as 
a public street, and that the main would not be disturb- 
ed; recently, however, the Columbia rail-road has been 
located north of the line of the old canal; and, besides, 
it is contemplated to grade the north and south streets, 



passing over the Une of the old canal, so as to adapt 
them to tile level of Callowhill street and the rail-road; 
i becomes necessary, in consequence, to remove the 
main from its presejit position; to this end, application 
has been made to the Canal Commissioners of Pennsyl- 
vania, for permi-sion to lay down the main for an ex- 
tent of about 2200 feet, under and along the southern 
side of the slate rail-ro.ad. Your Committee are happy 
to be able to state, that the Canal Commissioners have 
given a favourable answer, but as no precise time can 
now be fixed for removing the main, the cost is notem- 
braced in the present estimate. 

'J7ie old Sltam-Enghie. — Councils have heretofore 
authorized the Committee to offer these engines for 
sale, and they have been accordingly advertised — no 
offer, however, has been made; in the meantime, 
these ;irticles are daily depreci.ating, nay, they are not 
now of much more value, beyond th.at of old iron. In 
no event could a part of them be at all used, and, were 
the remainder repaired, it must be at much cost, with- 
out any ability to answer public purposes; your Commit- 
tee, therefore, are in favour of an early and absolute sale. 

I'he District.-!. — Contracts have been entered into 
with the newly incorporated part of Spring Garden, 
and with the Township of Moyamensing, for supplying 
those districts with water; with the former the contract 
has been formed, and the necesarj' instrument for the 
latter is in preparation. The disti-ict of Kensington 
has also applied to enter into a contract .for a supply 
of water from the city fount, and your Committee have 
at all times been desirous to conclude an engagement, 
on the terms assented to by all the other districts, that 
is, to deliver the water at the city boundary. In the 
case of the Kensington district, however, a d fficulty ex- 
ists, such as did not arise in any former instance; the 
soil of all the other districts is bounded by the city soil, 
and therefore, as soon as the city delivered water at the 
boundary line, the adjoining distr'.ct at once attached 
its pipes; between the city and Kensington, hov.'ever, 
the district of the Northern Libci-ties intervenes, and the 
city has no right to carry through the soil of that dis- 
trict, pipes for supplying Kensington, so th.at the assent 
of the district of the Northern Liberties is necessary to 
enable her neighbour to partake of the contemplated 
benefit. It is to be regretted that no agreement be- 
tween the di-itricts has been made; citizens, separated by 
lines almost imaginary, and who prosper or pine as they 
severally thrive or suffer, have, after all, a common in- 
terest, and should seek to promote the comfort and con- 
venience of each other; the city cannot control either; 
all that it can do is to act towards all with perfect im- 
partiaUty. 

/Jiimar;ri>. — Of the appropriation for payment of da- 
mages, the sum of $'9 87 remains, no part having bo^u 
called for since last report. 

T/ie incrfnsi: nf IValer Henh in 1831, was 

In the city, $2,767 25 

Northern Liberties, 2,114 75 

Southwark, 699 50 

Spring Garden, 1,208 50 

— ?6,79 ) 00 

The Committee bclicrc, that they have thus given 
all the information needfid to a correct conception Of 
the subject. In closing their report, they beg leave to 
call the attention of Councils, and of their fellow-citi- 
zens generally, to the interesting and lucid statistical 
history oftlie SVater >V<)rks, for the Uust thirty -twoycars, 
that is, from the perioil of their first introduction, which 
is appended to this report. This useful »nd curious 
document has b-cn prepared, with equal care ftnd la- 
bour, by the respectable gentleman, whom it has been 
th ■ good fortune of the city so long Jo have, as their 
skilfiil and assiduous superintendent: it is a document, 
n"tonlv v.aluable to ourselves at present, but calcu'ated 
to be so, to those who shall succeed us, and even to in- 
quirers after useful inform.ation, wherever may be their 
home. Respectfully submitted, Jan. 12, 1832. 

W. J. DUANE, Chairman. 



92 



HEPORT OF THE WATERING COMNIITI'EE. 



[Fkbroirt 



.1 GT-nzmzV! r.w of t he leading particulars of theWATEn ! 
M'onKS, from tlieir commencement, March, 1799, to < 
December 31, 1831. i 

Cost of first Steam Engine I 

Wovks,commenced Mar- j 

1799, and for the sup- 
port of the same up to 

1803 included, $295,352 09 j 

NO. 1. 

1804. For the support i 

of eng'ines, distribution, | 

&c. connected with the 

AVorks, 

1805. do. 

1806. do. and for the pur- 
chase of the lease of N. 
J. Roosevelt, amounting 
to ?15,886, 

1807. do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



34,213 06 
41,168 17 



1808. 
1809. 
1810. 
1811. 
1812. 
18J3. 
1814. 



57,623 C5 
26,164 93 
24,529 62 
29,467 13 
26,9.,6 48 
29,702 26 
27,946 85 
30,359 58 
33,865 69 



657,398 91 



NO. 2. 

1815. Steam works at Fair 
Mount begun Aug. 1812, 

and started Sept.7, 1815, 183,289 62 

1816. For the support of 
the Works, and pay- 
ments of balances due 

for Works, 51,219 63 

1817. do. do. 51,389 26 

1818. do. do. for support 

of Works, 34,771 33 



NO. 3. 

1819. For the support of 
steam engines at Fair 
Mount, and on account 
of water-power works 
beg-un April 19, 1819, 
for iron main, iron pipes. 
Sec, 

1820. do. do. 

1821. do. do. 

1822. do. started water- 
power works, 1st July, 
1822, 

1823. For working water- 
power works, building 
reservoir, and for pay- 
ment of debts, 

1824. do. and for laying 
iron pipes do.. 



320,669 84 



1825. 


do. 


do. 


1826. 


do. 


do. 


1827. 


do. 


do. 


1828. 


do. 


do. 


1829. 


do. 


do. 


1830. 


do. 


do. 


1831. 


do. 


do. 



119,063 68 
149,700 75 
115,746 36 



106,517 82 



69,268 54 

82,208 94 
44,307 37 
73,517 40 
80,749 92 
64,15:J 64 
81,180 06 
35,660 84 
63,009 57 



Cost of the Works from 
March 1799, to 3Ut De- 
cember, 1831, 

No. 1. 
Cost without support of en- 
gines, working do. and 



1,085,081 89 



2,063,150 64 



No. 2. 

Do., buildings, 
engines, re- 
servoirs, &c. 
with work- 
ing engines, S200,700 51 

Add two first 
purchases of 
ground, 33,334 00 



■ 234,034 51 



distribution. 



295,352 09 



No. 3. 

Cost of the 
Works, in- 
cluding pur- 
chase of wa- 
ter-powerat 
the falls, g432,496 89 

Add purchase 
of additional 
ground, 83,500 00 

And for extra 
water-power 
purchased of 
Navigation 
Company, 26,000 00 



541,996 89 



Cost of ground purchased at Fair Mount, sum paid for 

damages for ground overflowed by the dam, for ex- 
tra water-power, &c. 
1812. For the first ground 

purchased at Fair Mount, 16,667 00 
1815. For 2d purchase do. 15,667 00 
1822. For the inlet to the 

fore-bay, ground on the 

margin of the river, 4,000 00 

1824. For extra ground for 

reservoir No. 4, 12,000 00 

1828. For the residue of 

ground betweenCoates's 

sti-eet and the Upper 

Ferry ro.id, and between 

Fair Mount street and 

the Schuylkill, 67,500 00 



For the purchase of the 
water-power,from White 
and Gillingham, 

For the purchase of the ex- 
tra water-power, from 
the Schuylkill Navigation 
Company, 

Amount of damages paid 
for overflowing ground, 
&c. by the dam. 

For the dam, locks, canal, 
fore-bav, and raising the 
dam 18" inches, 160,904 77 

For mill buildings, three 
water wheels, breast- 
works, &c:, 78,370 43 

For pumps, Nos. 1, 2, and 

3, and other fixtures, 12,373 43 

For wheel, pump, and as- 
cending main. No. 4, 12,589 42 

On account, December 31, 
1831, for wheel and 
pump, No. 5, 4,699 62 

For reservoir No. 1, con- 
taining 3,917,659 gallons, 29,135 58 

For do. No. 2, containing 
3,296,434 gallons, 10,202 87 

For do. No. 3, containing 
2,707,295 gallons, 24,«21 70 



— 116,834 00 



150,000 00 



26,000 00 



25,958 41 



268,937 67 



1833.] 



UEPOKT OF THK WATERING COMNUTTEE. 



93 



For account of No. 4, 
wliich will contain 
10,00 ,000 gallons when 
finished, 

For Iron main No. 1 , 
do. No. 2, 

For iron pipes, and materi- 
als, laid in the city from 
1820, to 31st December, 
1831, 

Cost of the above items. 
And for other purposes, 
working engines, distri- 
bution, sal.irics, inciden- 
tals. Sec, 

Being the actual cost and 
expenses, including all 
the works, from March 
1799, to 31st December, 

la^i. 



20,069 01 



83,929 16 



131,617 48 



335,046 82 
1,138,323 54 



2,063,150 64 



Abstract of the number of feet of Iron Mains and Iron 
Pipes laid in the city, from the commencement, Oct, 
1819, to December'31, 1831. 

Fetl. 
Laid in 1819 and 1820, main No. 1, of 
22 inch pipes, 2,661 

Do. of 20 inch pipes, 6,909 

Together, 9,570 

1821. Laid sundn" pipes in the citv, 8,475 

1822. do. 16,035 ■ 

1823. do. 14,993 

1824. do. 20,500 

1825. do. 11,394 
18:6. do. 27,496 

1827. do. 41,044 

1828. do. 23,285 

1829. Laid iron main No. 2, of 20 

inch pipes, 9,216 

Do. of 16 inch pipes, 936 

10,152 

1829. Laid additional pipes in the citv, 6,716 

1830. do. ■ 26,675 

1831. do. 15,630 

Together, 231,965 

The mains Nos. 1 and 2 required 19,722 feet, average 

$6 63 per foot. 
Pipes laid in the city, 212,243 feet, average gl 58 

per foot. 
Together, 231,965 feet, being nearly 44 miles. 

The main No. 1, laid in 1819 
and 1820, cost per foot, 
«7 42, $72,947 23 

Do. No. 2, laid in 1829, do. 

$5 78, 58,670 25 



1831. do. 

Together, cost. 

Account of Water Itcnts 

year 1802 included, 

1802. Water rents rcceiv 



1820. The pipes laid in the 

citv cost, 

1821. ■ do. 

1822. do. 

1823. do. 

1824. do. 

1825. do. 

1826. do. 

1827. do. 

1828. do. 

1829. do. 

1830. Do. part of which to 

be paid for in 1831, 



131,617 48 



16,940 79 
11,843 U 
33,287 08 
25.672 60 
38,475 75 
25,739 09 
49,016 70 
44,197 24 
39,416 75 
3,741 09 

12,022 82 



34,693 80 

. 335,046 82 

466,664 30 

received in the city from the 
up to December 31, 18,31 . 

■ed, S5,.7 00 

1803. do. 961 00 

1804. do. \,^00 00 

1805. do. 3,260 00 

1806. do. 5,050 00 

1807. do. 4,987 17 

1808. do. 6,207 01 

1809. do. 9,105 00 

1810. do. 10,931 50 

1811. do. 12,163 00 

1812. do. 15,629 00 

1813. do. 16,638 00 

1814. do. 17,883 00 

1815. do. 18,499 50 

1816. do. 19,974 50 

1817. do. 19,922 00 

1818. do. 21,120 50 

1819. do. 21,998 50 

1820. do. 23,016 50 

1821. do. 24,584 50 

1822. do. 25,485 50 

1823. do. 26,191 05 

1824. do. 27,292 55 

1825. do. ' 29,160 50 

1826. do. 30,326 75 

1827. do. 32,521 50 

1828. do. 35,791 50 

1829. do. 37,881 50 

1830. do. 40,915 00 

1831. do. 43,682 25 
Together, 583,515 75 

Statement of account of Water Rents of the City and 
Districts. 

City rents from 1802, to De- 
b'er 31st, 1831, both includ- 
ed, $583,515 78 

Spring Garden District, from 
1826, to 31st December, 
1831, both inclusive, §17,602 04 

South wark, do. do. "20,903 00 

Northern Liberties, do. do. 45,309 75 

81,813 79 

§665,329 57 

WATER RENTS OF THE DISTRICTS. 
District or Spniso Girbit. 
1826 and 1827, $ 916 50 

1828, 2,071 00 

1829, 
1830, 
1831, 

17,602 04 
Contract signed for a supph' of water, to old <listrict, 
26th April, 1826. 

Ditto, 10th October, 1831, for ditto, for new district. 



DisTnicT 


or 


S00TU\ 


rtRK. 




1826 and 1827, 








$ 724 75 


1828, 








2,555 75 


1829, 








5,019 00 


1830, 








5,951 50 


1331, 








6,651 00 



20,902 00 
Contract signed for a supply of water, 1st .Tune, 1826. 



94 



REPORT OF THE WATERING COMMITTEE. 



[FSBRlTAttr 



District of Northern Liberties. 

1826 and 1827, $ 1,540 75 

1828, 5,751 50 

1829, 10,352 75 
• 1830, 11,775 00 

1831, 13,889 75 



4-3,309 75 
Contract signed for a supply of water, 6th June, 1826. 

ACCOUNT OF IRON PIPES LAID IN THE 
DISTRICTS. 

District of Spriito Gardek. 



1826, 
1827, 
1828, 
1829, 
1830, 
1831, 



Feet. 


Fire 




Flu^s 


5,554 




8,448 




1,296 


24 


6,981 


11 


5,151 


10 


3,726 


8 



31,156 



District op Southwahk, 



1826, 


3,394 




1827, 


12,039 




1828, 


10,799 


58 


1829, 


6,052 


U 


1830, 


2,726 


5 


1831, 


2,978 


7 




57,988 


81 


isTRicT OF Northern 


Liberties. ' 




1826, 


3,882 




1827, 


22,202 




1828, 


12,2 ,9 


75 


1829, 


9,793 


19 


1830, 


6,023 


25 


1831, 


1,551 


4 



55,690 123 

The Commissioners and inhabitants of the township 
of Moyamensing, closed contract for a supply of Schuyl- 
kill Water, 6th January, 1832. 

From the Water Rent charges to the Disti-icts, a de- 
duction of 6 per cent, is allowed for collection [and 
losses. 

Memorandum of the various parts of the Works, &c. 

1799. March, Mr. Latrobe commenced the first Water 
Works, by steam power. 

1812. August 1, commenced the steam-power works at 
Fair Mount. 

1815. Sept. 7, supplied the City fromlhe steam works 
at Fair Mount. 

1819. April 8, CouncUs agreed to build the water-pow- 
er works at Fair Mount. 
April 19, commenced building the dam at Fair 
Mount works, 

1821. April 28, laid the cornerstone of mill buildings 

at Fair Mount. 
June 25, put in the last crib of the dam at Fair 

Mount. 
July 23, the water flowed over the dam at F.iir 

Mount. 

1822. Feb. 21, the great ice freshet, which raised 8 

feet 1 1 inches above the combing of the dam at 

Fair Mount. 
July 1, began to supply the City witli water 

from water wheel and pump No. 1. 
Sept. 14, do. do. No. 2. 

Oct. 25, stopped the steam works at Fair Mount. 



1822. Dec. 24, started wheel and pump No. 3. 
1827. Nov. 10, started wheel and pump No. 4. 
1832. started wheel and pump No. 5. 

The dam at Fair >Iount is 6 feet 6 inches above high 
tide in the Schuylkill. 

The mill buildings are 238 feet front, by 56 feet 
deep. 

The water is raised from the dam into the Resen'oirs,. 
96 feet perpendicular height. 
Pump No. 1, raises per 24 

hours, into the Reservoir, 

when not impeded by tlic 

tides, 1,313,280 gallons of water. 

Puirps Nos. 2 and 3, do. do. 

each, 1,346,400, together, 2,692,800 do. 

Pump No. 4, l,615,6a0 do. 



5,621,760 gallons. 
From which deduct one- 
fourth for impediments 
by the tides and freshets, 1,405,440 

Leaves the four pumps com- 
petent to supply, per 24 



hours. 



4,216,320 gallons.' 



The average quantity of water required to supply the 
City and Districts, per 24 hours, duiingthe year 1831, 
was about 2,000,000 gallons. In the summer months, 
when the streets were washed by means of the fire plugs, 
upwards of 3,000,000 gallons of water were consumed 
daily. FREDERICK GRAFF, 

Superintendent of the IVater VVurks. 

STATEMENT, 

Showing the increase of Water Rents in the City and 
Djsti-icts, for the year 1832. 

Amount of increase, viz: — 
Spring Garden, §1,208 50 

Southwark, 699 50 

Northern Liberties, 2, 1 14 75 

4,052 75 

City, 2,767 25 



Amount of increase. 



6,790 00 



An account, showing the amount of Water Rents due 
the City, by the Incorporated District of Spring Gar- 
den, for the year 1832, with an account of the num- 
ber of Dwellings, &c., supplied with the Schuylkill 
Water, to the 31st ofDecember, 1831. 



4 Horses, 


at « 1 5a 


6 00 


1 Horse, &c.. 


3 00 


3 00 


21 Tenements, 


3 75 


78 75 


58 Baths, 


4 50 


261 00 


1 Porter cellar. 


5 2i 


5 25 


21 Dwellings, 


6 00 


126 00 


676 Dwellings, Stc, 


7 50 


5,070 OO 


1 Slaughter-house, &c.. 


10 50 


10 50 


4 Dwellings, &c.. 


11 25 


45 00 


5 DweUings, &c.. 


12 00 


60 00 


4 Factories, Soap, &c.. 


15 00 


60 00 


2 'I'averns, &c.. 


22 50 


45 00 


1 Dwelling. &c.. 


24 00 


24 00 


2 Factories, &c.. 


30 00 


60 00 


1 Court, &c.. 


48 50 


48 50 


2 Courts, 


37 50 


75 00 


1 Steam mill, 


40 00 


40 00 


1 Tannery, 


57 00 


57 00 


1 DweUing, &c.. 


75 00 


75 00 


1 Steam mill. 


30 75 


30 75 



6,180 75 



1832.] 



REPORT OF THE WATERING COMMITTEE. 



95 



An account, showing' the amount of Water Rents due 
tile City, by the Incorporated District of Southwark, 
for the year 1832, with an account of the number of 
Dwellings, kc, supplied with the Schuylkill water, 
to the 31st of December, 1831. 



1 Horse, 


at J 1 


50 


1 50 


3 Bake houses, &c.. 


3 


00 


9 00 


40 Tavern and licensed houses, 


3 


75 


150 00 


16 Baths, 


4 


50 


72 00 


1 Commissioners' Hall, 


5 


00 


5 00 


12 Dwelling's with cisterns, 


6 


00 


72 00 


747 Dwellings, 


7 


50 


5,602 50 


1 Dwelling, &c., 


9 


00 


9 00 


1 School-house, &c., 


10 


00 


10 00 


13 Dwellings, &c.. 


11 


25 


146 25 


3 Hatteries, &c.. 


12 


00 


36 00 


1 Dwelling, tavern, &c , 


12 


75 


12 75 


8 Hatteries, &c., 


15 


00 


120 00 


1 Soap factory. 


18 


00 


18 Ou 


1 Steam engine. 


20 


00 


20 00 


3 Sugar reKneries, &c.. 


22 


50 


67 50 


1 Livery stable. 


25 


00 


25 00 


1 Distillery, 


27 


00 


27 00 


1 Court, sic. 


30 


00 


30 00 


1 Court, 


37 


50 


37 50 


1 Brewery, 


45 


00 


45 00 


1 brewery. 


60 00 


60 00 


1 Navy yard. 


75 00 


75 00 



6,651 00 

An Account, showing' the amount of Water Rents due 
the city, by the Incorporated District of the Northern 
Liberties, for the year 1832, also the number of 
dwellings, &c., supplied tlierein, with the Schuylkill 
■water, to the 31st of December, 1831. 



6 Stables, he. 


4 00 


24 00 


3055 Dwellings, &c.. 


5 00 


15,275 00 


6 Dwellings, &c.. 


6 00 


36 00 


115 Dwellings in the county, &c 


. 7 50 


862 50 


91 Hatteries, &c.. 


8 00 


728 00 


5 Dwellings, &c.. 


9 00 


45 00 


55 Dyers, 8:c., 


10 no 


550 00 


2 Dwellings. &c.. 


11 25 


22 50 


2 Soap boilers, &c., 


12 00 


24 00 


3 Dwellings, &c.. 


12 50 


37 50 


15 Distilleries, &c , 


15 00 


225 00 


3 Hatteries, &c.. 


16 00 


48 00 


1 Court, 


:8 00 


18 00 


9 Taverns, 


20 00 


180 00 


1 Court, 


22 50 


22 50 


6 Sugar houses, &c.. 


25 00 


150 00 


1 Steam engine, 


27 50 


27 50 


4 Stables, &c., 


30 00 


120 00 


2 Mansion houses, &.C., 


34 00 


68 00 


1 Morocco factory. 


35 00 


35 00 


1 Steam engine. 


36 00 


36 00 


3 Baths, &c.. 


40 00 


120 00 


1 Marble yard. Sec, 


11 00 


11 00 


3 Hospitals, Sec, 


50 00 


150 00 


2 Manufactories, Sic, 


75 00 


150 00 


1 Deaf and Dumb Institution, 


60 00 


60 00 


1 Alms house. 


100 00 


100 00 


1 Bath house. 


400 00 


400 00 


1 Court, 8i.c., 


33 00 


3.5 00 


1 Bath, 


4 50 


4 50 


1 Dwelling, 8i.c., 


13 00 


13 00 


g21,393 25 



7 Horses, 


at §1 


50 


$10 50 


14 Wash pavements, &c. 


3 


00 


42 OU 


68 Tenements, &c.. 


3 


75 


255 00 


83 Baths, 


4 


50 


373 SO 


2 Stands for horses, &c. 


5 00 


10 00 


72 Dwellings, Sec, 


6 


00 


432 00 


1360 Dwellings, &c , 


7 


50 


10,200 00 


1 Stable, 


8 


00 


8 00 


5 Dwellings, Sec , 


9 


00 


45 00 


5 Factories, Sec, 


10 


00 


50 00 


28 Dwellings, &c.. 


11 


25 


."15 00 


20 Curriers, hatters, &c. 


12 


00 


240 00 


31 Curriers,moroccofact' 


ries,Sec.l5 


00 


465 00 


1 Court, 


18 


00 


18 00 


6 Taverns with stables. 


18 


75 


112 50 


1 Brewery, Sec, 


19 


50 


19 50 


2 Soap factories. Sec , 


20 


00 


40 00 


2 Taverns with stables. 


21 


00 


42 00 


15 Taverns with st.ables. 


22 


50 


337 50 


5 Morocco factories, Sec 


25 


00 


125 00 


9 Soap factories. 


30 


00 


270 00 


1 Brewery, 


33 


00 


33 00 


6 Stables, with taverns. 


33 


75 


202 50 


1 Morocco factoi-y. 


37 


50 


57 50 


2 Tanneries, 


52 


50 


105 00 


1 Brewery, 


75 00 


75 00 


1 Dwelling, Sec, 


12 


75 


12 75 


1 Stable, 


13 


50 


13 50 




$13,889 75 



Dwellings, Manufactories, and Institutions, supplied 
with tile Schuylkill water, in the Southern Distinct of 
tlie city, to the olst of December, 1831. 



11 Horses, Sec, 


8t gl 00 


14 00 


38 Wash pavements. Sec, 


2 00 


76 00 


39 Tenements, Sec, 


2 50 


97 50 


542 Baths, 


3 00 


1,626 00 


1 Tavern, 


3 75 


3 75 



Dwellings, Manufactories, and Institutions, supplied 
with the Schuylkill water, in the Northern District of 
the city, to the olst of December, 1831. 

20 Horses, 

27 Wash pavements. Sec, 
63 Tenements, Sec, 
450 Baths, 

2 Taverns, 

1 Tavern, Sec, 
24 Baths, 

2904 Dwellings, 

3 Dwellings, Sec, 

2 Dwellings, Sec, 
181 Dwellings, Sec, 

82 Printing offices, Sec. Sec. 

9 Dwellings, Sec, 

65 Dyers, Sec, 

12 Soap boilers, 

5 Dwellings, Sec. 

35 Distilleries, Sec, 

4 Hatteries, Sec, 
1 Stable, 

1 Court, Sec, 

2 Taverns, Sec, 
20 Courts, Sec, 
11 Sugar houses. Sec. Sec, 

1 Tavern, Sec, 
8 Stables, Sec, 

1 Court, 

5 Baths, Sec. Sec, 

2 Courts, Sec., making, 

1 Brewery, Sec Sec, 

2 Courts, Sec Sec, 

3 Stables, Sec, 

2 Breweries, 
1 Manufactory, 
1 B.ath. 
1 Distillery, 
1 Sugar house, 

3 Morocco factories, 



$1 00 


20 CO 


2 00 


54 00 


2 50 


157 50 


3 00 


1,350 00 


3 75 


7 50 


13 00 


13 00 


4 50 


108 00 


5 00 


14,520 00 


6 00 


18 00 


6 50 


13 00 


7 50 


1,357 50 


8 00 


656 00 


9 00 


81 00 


10 00 


650 00 


12 00 


144 00 


12 50 


62 50 


15 00 


525 00 


16 00 


64 00 


17 00 


17 00 


17 50 


17 SO 


18 00 


36 00 


20 00 


400 00 


25 00 


275 00 


29 50 


29 50 


30 00 


240 00 


33 00 


33 00 


40 00 


200 00 


73 50 


73 50 


44 00 


44 00 


45 00 


90 CO 


50 00 


ISO 00 


75 00 


ISO 00 


112 50 


112 50 


80 00 


80 00 


100 00 


100 00 


335 00 


335 00 


55 00 


105 00 




$22,289 00 



96 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



[FlBHCAllt 



PiTTSBCBo, Jan. 25. 

River— 10 feet above low-water mark, and free from 
ice — several arrivab and departures of steamers since 
our last. — ' 

MONONGAHELA BRIDGE DESTROYED. 

On Saturday last, about 9 o'clock, A. M. the first 
pier of the MonoiiEfahela Bridge g^ve waj', and precipi- 
tated the superstructure, comprising a space of two 
arches, into the river. Fortunately, thoug'h hundreds 
cross this bridge every Saturday morning, going to and 
returning from Market, no lives were lost. There 
were on that part of the bridge which fell down, a man 
and a boy attending a returning coal wagon, belonging 
to Mr. .lacob Reltzhoover, and another boy. They, of 
course, descended with the falling mass, but were ex- 
tricated from the ruins without sustaining the least in- 
jury! Four out of the five liorses attached to the wa- I 
gon were saved. i 

The bridge was erected in 1818, at a cost of $140,000; j 
of course this accident will be a serious matter to the I 
stockhDldei's. It has not yet been determined, we learn, i 

whether to repair the bridge or build a new one. 4//e- ! 

gheny Democrat. 



From ihe Wj-ominj Herald. 

BREAKING UP OF THE SUSQUEHANNA. 

Destruction of PiiorEiiTT. — On the morning of 
Friday last, the ice broke up in the Susquehanna, at 
and above this place, wliilst, unfortunately, from the 
Nanticoke Dam up to within a few miles of here, it re- 
mained solid and immoveable. The consequence was, 
the progress of the ice from above was arrested by the 
ice below; and the channel of the river becoming in a 
measure obstructed, the waterrose with rapidity — over- 
flowed the banks — and inundated the greater portion of 
the Kingston, Plymouth, Wilkesbarre and Hanover 
Flats; doing them serious injury, besides sweeping off 
bridges, fences, a large quantity of lumber, &c. 

Sometime in the evening, the ice in the Nanticoke 
Pool gave way and passed over the dam — when that 
beautiful structure, the " Wilkesbarre Bridge," receiv- 
ed extentive injviry, from the immense body of ice 
which had lodged above it during the day, and which 
now rushed down with irresistible power. About one- 
thii-d of the first pier (which stands in the main current 
of the river) was carried away, and the upper side of 
the bridge at that pKace has settled a little. Prompt 
measures have been taken, however, to support it where 
it is — and unless we should have another ice freshet the 
present season, as formidable as the one we are noticintr, 
we apprehend it will sustain no further damage. The 
ice-breaker attached to the middle pier was also carried 
away, and the pier itself somewhat injured. 

At the time the water was highest, it ran into one or 
two shops on Bank Stieet, in this borough, — and was a 
number of feet deep on the lower floor of several dwell- 
ings on the opposite side of the river; — their occupants, 
however, hud taken the precaution to cross over to the 
boro>igh, with their families and live stock, ere the 
flood had attiined so gi-eat a height. 

We have heard of several "hair-breadth escapes," 
but are happy to say tliat no lives were lost. Three 
men who were crossing the Kingston Flats, were com- 
pletely surrounded by the flood before they were aware 
of their danger, and were compelled to climb the near- 
est trees for safety, — where they remained till eight 
o'clock at night, it being impossible for assistance to 
reach them sooner. 

Among the bridges that were destroyed or seriously 
damaged, are the two on the main road leading from 
this place to Kingston. 

Some portions of the low lands are covered with ice, 
and the roads in some places are almost impassable. 

We learn that the Nanticoke Dam received but little 
injury. 



FRESHET. 

There was a partial breaking up of the ice on French 
creek, by the freshet of last week, and we regret to 
learn that several valuable bridges and dams, have 
been entirely swept off, and others materially damaged. 
One half of the toll bridge at Franklin, and the dams at 
the iron works of Messrs. M'Calmont and Hays, have 
been carried off. The bridge at Magoflin's Falls, near 
Dickson's mill has shared the same fate — the one at Be- 
mus's mill has been injured, and is expected to go with 
the next rise of the water. 'I he various damages sus- 
tained, may be estimated at little short of S'20, 000, 

These serious losses should, and doubtless will, awa- 
ken individual and public attention to increased precau- 
tion, in the selection of sites, and to the adoption of eve- 
ry .practicable means of securing the bridges which 
may hereafter be erected, against disasters from the 
same cause. French creek is somewhat remarkable 
for its alternate stretches of pools and rapids. Past ob- 
servation has lead us to the conclusion, that tlie safest 
position for the erection of a bridge on this stream, is 
first, in a pool — and secondly, as near as practicable, at 
the head, but never, if it can be avoided, at the foot of 
a rapid. Every ordinary obser\-er must have noticed 
that the ice invariably gives way first on the rapids, and 
is precipitated on that of the pool next below, where, 
if the power of the ice is sufficient, it is held, and if not 
forced forward by the increased power of the current, 
it is gradually weakened and dissipated by tlie influence 
of the sun and the .atmosphere, and then usually passes 
off witli greatly diminished power of doing injury. 
Hence it follows that the foot of a i-apid especially 
where it is long, should never be selected, in our north- 
ern region, as a safe po-ition. The bridge at the "Dead 
Water," and those wliich have been erected at "Ma- 
goffin's Falls," are strongly illustrative of the coiTect- 
ness of this position. The former stood more than 17 
years, with no other supports than wooden posts, alto- 
gether free from injun' by ice — whereas two well con- 
structed bridges, erected at the latter point, with sub- 
stantial stone abutments and a pier, have been destroyed 
by the ice within a very short time. It may be safely 
assumed that nothing but the fortunate interposition 
and resistance presented by the ice on Bemus's dam, in 
arresting' the masses from above, prevented the de- 
struction Last week, of all the bridges over French creek 
in the vicinity of this place. Deeming it a matter of im- 
portance, we have thrown out these brief and hasty re- 
flections, with the view of attracting the attention of 
those, who from their more enlarged observation and 
experience, are more competent to advise on the sub- 
ject. — Crawford Messenger — January 28. 



Beavei!, (Penn) February 3, 1832. 
The Mohawk. — Aobut two weeks since, the new 
steamboat, Mohawk, was launched from tlie ship yard 
of Messrs. Phillips and Graham, opposite this place. 
She will carry near seven hundred tons, and is the lar.u'est 
boat on the western waters. She is intended for the 
Mississippi trade. Last week she was towed to Pitts- 
burg by two steamboats to receive her engine. It is 
stated that the cost of this bo.at will be rising $30,000. 

On Sunday last, snow fell to the depth of 6 or 8 
inches, and for the last three days our town has been 
enlivened by visits from the citizens of Marietta, Lan- 
caster, and other neighboring towns; wh'de our own 
inhabitants, ever watching for enjoyment, have not left 
unimproved the pleasing and enticing path to mirth — 
Columbia Spy. — Feb. 2. 

Printtd every S.ITURDAY MORNING by WILLIAM F. GED. 
DES, No. 9 Library SUeet. Pbibdelpliia; where, and at the PUB- 
LICATION 01 FICE, IN FRANKLIN PLACE, jecond door back 
of ihe Pi,ii omce,(rroMt rooml subscription! will be thankfnily re- 
ceircd. Price FIVE DOLLARS per aniiKi, payable annually 
by subscribers rcsidin:? in or near the city, or where there is an 
agent. Other subscribrri pay in advanc-. 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DETOTKD TO THE PIlESEttVATION OF EVERT KIND OP USEFUt INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE. 



EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 



VOL.. IX.-NO. 7. PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY 18, 1832. ]VO 216 



EASTEKN DIVISION. 
Report of John B.iniiER, Slperixtesdest. 
7'o the Canal Commissioners: 

Gentlemen- — In accoi-duncc witli the request of yom- 
board, contained in the communication of the secretary 
of the 22d October ult., the following^ report of the 
works committed to my care on tlie eastern division of 
the Pennsylvania canal, is respectfully submitted. 

That part of the eastern division extending- from the 
outlet lock on Duncan's Island to tlie mouth of Swatara 
river, lutvinij been placed under the special charge of 
a supervisor, and no new work necessary to be con- 
structed during the past year, my attention has been, 
for the most part, withdrawn fi-om it. My own obser- 
vation of it, however, allows me to say, that it has been 
in navigable use, with little or no interruption, since the 
period of making my Last report, and the opinion then 
expressed of its aftbrding a navigation as permanent 
and effective as any similar work in tlie state, has been 
entirely confirmed. 

By a resolution of the board of 28th December 1830, 
I was instructed to enter into contract with some suita- 
ble pei-son for the immediate repair of the bridge at 
Duncan's Island, under the direction and superintend- 
ence of an engineer appointed for that purpose. This 
was done on the 12th of Febrii.'u'y following, and the 
contract submitted for yourapi)roval in March last. An 
estimate, amounting to >^1,020, for work done and va- 
lue of m.atcrials delivered under the contract, was re- 
turned to me in June last, which the accounting officer 
at Ilarrisburg has d clincd to settle, imder the impres- 
sion, that, as a supervisor had been appointed on that 
part of the division, the payment of tiiis estimate did 
not properly come witliin tlie province of tlic superin- 
tendent. In consequence of which, it was handed over 
to Mr. M'Alister for adjustment, and, as I have since 
learned, yet remains unsettled. It will be proper for 
the board, therefore, under these circumstances to pre- 
scribe the manner by which this estimate will become 
payable. For the jiarticular condition of tliis bridge at 
this time, and for other information relative to this part 
of the division, I beg leave to refer you to the report of 
Jlr. Warfoi-d, princip.al engineer on the division. 

The following abstract will show the amount of mo- 
neys drawn ifom the treasury and disbursed on this 
portion of the line: 

O. H. Dibble, balance due and per cent- 
age retained on section No. 1, g2,610 10 
■\V. W. Pcnnell, for the construction of 

four small bridges, 100 00 

Byrne and Frovcst, balance on Stoney 

creek aqueduct, paid by resolution of 

the boai'd, 273 90 

Peter Miller, balance on fencing, paid by 

direction of the board, 290 00 

Evans, Moore 8c Co. ? balance on con- 
Bitner, Byers St Co. S struction of diim 

at Duncan's Island, 10,463 10 

Damages paid, 3,H29 00 

Engineering expenses, &.c., 1,970 06 

$19,535 16 



COLUMBIA LINE. 

On the ten miles .authorized to be placed under con- 
ti-act in March, 1828, the whole of the work which was 
in progress at the time of my last report has been com- 
pleted, and, with but two exceptions, settled agreeably 
to the requisitions of the contracts. Five per cent, of 
the cost of stone work of the several locks, amounting 
to i?l,S64, authorized by the contracts to be witlihel'd 
until the work sliall have been " proven b\- water to be 
well and faithfully executed, and every pa'rt done com- 
pletely and perfectly," has been retained from the final 
estimates. The injur}- sustained by seveial of the wall 
sections, and by the cu'vert on section No. 35, from the 
high freshet in the spring, has been repaired. The 
puddling on sections Nos. 35 and 36, is progressing ra- 
pidly, and when tlie contract shall have been finished 
there is not a doubt but these sections will be perfectly 
tight. Of the remaining work on this ten miles, not 
under contract in November Last, the whole is beinff 
executed, and will be completed earlv in the spring. 

The ascertained cost of the syphon culvert at H.al'de- 
man's saw-mill, when completed, incIucUng tlie neces- 
sary expense of continuing the trunk of the aqueduct 
and platform of tlie bridge connected with it, will be 
j found considerably to exceed the origin:d estimate in 
, amount. This is attributable to the variation of the 
. plan— the original estimate being intended to cover the 
I expense of a wooden culvert. To secure to Mr. Halde- 
! men the entire and unintciTupted use of the valuable 
I water-power which he has, at great expense, tliere 
j created, and wholly to destroy all apprehensions of even 
the remotest obstruction to the navigation of the canal 
I at this point, a structure combining g-reater strength and 
j durability was deemed necessary. 1 hat, now beine 
constructed, is about 60 feet in length, eleven feet six 
I inches in width, .and five feet tliree inches in depth, and 
I built of rubble masonry lined with cut stone — the' face 
being laid in cement and backed with good lime .and 
sand mort.ar, with timber top and. bottom, secured bv 
u-on rods. Wooden tiunks convey tlie water to and 
from the culvert. In excellence of materials, skill and 
faithfulness of execution, and durability of plan of con- 
struction, tliis work will vie with any mechanical work 
in the state. It is now nearly completed. 

The estimated amount, .as'contained in the report of 
the engineer, which will be requu-ed to complete the 
work under contract, including a waste-wier, six water- 
ways, and a foot bridge on section No. 9, is ^23,7 18 02. 
.\dd to this, amounts due and per cenUige retained! 
§2,460 46; making the sum to be yet expended on this 
part of the line, S2fi, 178 48. 

The whole amount drawn from the treasury and paid 

on the ten miles to the 25th Nov. 1831, is S?' 6,375 71 

three hundred dollars of which is from tlie damage and 
repair fund, and hxis been applied to the payment of an 
offer of glOO, made by tlie board to Evan Green, for 
damages sustained by him, and of S'OO, an amount au- 
thorized to be paid to Israel Cooper, by contract, for 
the remov.iI of a building on section No. 36: of the 
above sum of $76,375 71— S21,171 52 have been p:ud 
on balances and retained per centafpe due upon work 
done prior to the 21 st December, 1830, and remainccj 
unpaid for want of funds. It has not been deemed ne- 
ccssarj' to detail in my tabuhr statement to whom th« 



99 



PENNSYLVANIA CANAL. 



[FlBItniBT 



money has been pa'.d. The account has been settled at 
the auditing depai-tment. 

By uuth(5rity of the second section of tlie act of 21st 
March lust, the remainder of the work on this hne, be- 
intf erg'iit miles and seventy-one hundredths in length, 
\vj3 allotted for execution on the 18th of May last, and 
CDUtracts imiBed.ately entered into for tlie prompt and 
vigorous proie.cut.on of the same, \V;th the view of the 
ent.re completion of the whole hne before the first of 
December, )8ol. However vain and improbable this 
measure might have been generally considered, from the 
magnitude of some part of the work, the advanced state of 
the season and consequent shortness of time allotted for 
its execution, together with tlie unexampled amount of 
work offered to conti-actors in this and the neighbouring 
states, yet am I strengthened in the belief that this de- 
sirable issue wovdd hive been effected, had not other 
unexpected and insuperable obstacles intervened. One 
of the most prominent featui-es on tliis line is the lai-ge 
aqueduct over the Swatara river, having a superstruc- 
ture of three hundred feet in length, supported by 
four piers and two abutments. Connected with this, 
and resting upon the same piers, is a travelling bridge, 
twenty feet in width. " The whole work, when finished, 
wiU contain more than tlyee thousand fire hundred 
perches of masonry. The contractors entered upon 
tlieir labours witli a promptitude and energy which 
gave earnest expectation of the accomplishment of 
this work within the period specified. The difficulty 
and even impossibility in procuring the necessary tim- 
ber in season, the alteration in the plan after a part of 
the wtirk had been done, the continued and unusual 
high waters during tlie summer which prevented the 
foundaliois of tlie piers from being laid, and the se- 
vere sickness which prevailed among the workmen 
employed upon it during the latter part of the sum- 
mer and through the autumnal months, completely 
paralyzed their utmost efforts, and disappointed the 
confident hopes of 'success entertained in the com- 
mencement of tlie work. The abutments are nearly 
completed, the foundations of two piers have been 
laid, and much of the framing of the superstructure is 
done. The foundations of the other piers will be laid 
during the winter, and aU the materials prepared to 
make an efficient spring attack, and with unqualified 
confidence I assert that the water may be passed 
through in June next. 

The pit of lock No. 6, has been excavated, and the 
foundation will be put down immediately. A great 
part of the materials for this lock are upon the ground, 
and the remainders will be delivered during the winter, 
so that this work can be completed in six weeks after 
the weather in the spring w'iU admit of masonry being 
done. So much of the stone work of lock No. 7 lias 
been laid, that it can be completed in two weeks after 
the mild weather opens. The contractors for building 
the outlet locks at Columbia, are steadily progressing 
with their work, and give assurance that the fulfilment 
of their contract will be made before the first of July 
next. No del.i)' to the navigation will result from the 
incompletion of these locks, contemporary with the 
completion of the oUier woi-k. The masonry of most of 
the road and flu-m bridges is done, and the rest (the 
whole being built of dry rubble work) can be put up 
through the winter. Six sections have been conrpieted, 
and seven others can be finished in two or three weeks. 
The very wet season, and great sickliness of the line, 
with the scarcity of labourers, have severely resulted to 
the disadvantage of contractors, and retarded their op- 
erations. A ftdl and active force will be engaged 
henceforth, and the completion of every section ensu- 
red before the first of April next. Section No. 12, on 
which no estimate has yet been made, and sections Nos. 
9, 11 and 15, which were deserted by the oi-iginal con- 
Iractcrs, are now in the hands of steady and enterpri- 
sing men, who will prosecute them to completion within 
the shortest pfftcticable period. 



The amount expended on this part of the line is as 

follows: 

Paid on Sections, $22,312 44 

" Mechanical work, 12,831 00 

" Fencing, 295 00 

" Engineering, SiC. 2,053 54 

$37,491 98 
Amount from damage and repair fund, ex- 
pended in the payment of damage con- 
tracts, 137 50 



Whole amount expended on the line, S37,628 98 

The estimated amount which will be required to com- 
plete tlie eight miles and 71 hundredths, agreeably to 
the report of tlie engineer, will be, on work con- 
tracted for: 

On Sections, $21,887 29 

Per centage retained, 3,911 62 

25,798 91 

Mechanical work, 55,131 25 

Per centage retained, 2,315 17 

57,446 42 



883,245 33 
To this add contingencies, and amount of 

work estimated, not under contract, 14,983 25 

§98,228 58 
Abstract of moneys paid during the present year, up 
to the 25th November, upon the 10 mUes of canal of the 
old part of the line, as per table A, to wit: 

On Sections, $19,563 91 

Locks, 5,899 01 

Aqueducts, 14,875 06 

Bridges and waste-wier, 2,042 17 

Lock houses, 358 00 

Fencing, 363 81 

Miscellaneous, 9,974 04 

Engineering, 2,128 19 

$55,204 19 
In addition to the above disbursements, 
the further sum of 521,171 52 was paid 
upon balances and retained per cen- 
tage upon final estimates of the former 
year, 21,171 52 

$76,375 71 

List of damage cases settled on offers of the board 

made and accepted, from the 25th Nov. 1830, to the 

25th Nov. 1831, by John Barber, superintendent of 

eastern division, Pennsylvania canal: 

John Wanner, $150 

Matthias Flaurs' heii-s, 120 

Christian Kaufman, 50 

Evan Green, 100 

List of damage cases settled upon award of apprais- 
ers appointed in conformity with the sixth section of the 
act of 6th April, 1830: 

Robert Clark, -^ $2100 

James Forster, 143 

Christiana Eagle, 158 

P. Wenrich's heirs, 120 

Mich'l. Kapp's heirs, 156 

Hise & Lauman, SS 

John Lindemuth, 181 

Jacob Updegi'ove, 233 

For more detailed information you are referred to 
the tabular statements, and to the report of the engi- 
neer attached hereto. 

AH which is respectfully submitted, 

JOHN BARBER, 

Superintendent. 



Canal Office, Eastern Division, 5 
Nov. 25, 18.'<1. 5 



1832.) 



PENNSYLVANIA CANAL. 



93 



Repoht of a. B. WAnronn, Exoixekb. 

Eastern Division Penn'a. Canal,? 
Nov. 24, 1831. 5 

To Jobs B.inBKH, Esa. 

Sitperlnl.enJcnl Eustnn Divim'nn Penn'n. Canal. 

Srn — Tliat part of the eastern division of the Penn- 
sylvania c.inul, exten-.lingfrom Clark's ferry to M'dJle- 
towii, has been, since it came under my direction, and 
as I have been credibly informed, w.as, from the 2-'il of 
March to th.it period, in navigable order. But few re- 
pairs are required on this part of the division, except at 
the bridge across the Susquch.anna river at Clark's fer- 
ry, which will require extensive repairs to render it a 
substantial and permanent work. It is believed, Iiow- 
ever, that by the repairs now in prog;ress, it will be 
straightened and strengthened to such an extent, that it 
will answer the intended purpose for a considcr.ible 
time, at an expenditure not exceeding three thousand 
five hundred dollars. The work upon the remainder 
of the division, and particularly tliat part which w.as 
placed under contract tlie present year, has not pro- 
cessed with as much rapidity as was desirable; and 
less has been done than was confidently anticipated in 
the early p.art of the season. Many causes have com- 
bined to retard the progress of the work. Tlie scarcity 
of laborers, together with a very sickly season, by rea- 
son of which the effective force of what men could be 
procured was diminished, has had, in no small degree, 
a retarding influence upon the works. An unusually- 
wet season, and consequent high water, has been the 
means of limiting the efforts of some contractors, and 
has in some degree operated to the disadvantage of all. 
Section No. 1, has been reported completed Sections 
7, 16, 17, 18 and 19, have been completed since the 
last estimate. Sections 4, 5, 8, 20, 21, C, B and A; 
may be completed in three weeks. The remainder of 
the sections, together with the bridges, culverts, waste- 
weirs and water-ways, will be completed early in the 
spring; and the locks, aqueduct, and every other part of 
the work connected with the eastern division, may be 
so far c 'mpleted that the water may be admitted in 
June next, '('hat part of the eastern division, wh'ch 
was placed under contract in pursuance of the act of the 
2Ist of March last, is 8 71.100 m les in length, and the 
works connected with it of the following dimensions: 
The aqueduct across the Swatani is 300 feet long and 
18 feet wide. Locks No, 6 and 7, are each 8 feet lift, 
and 90 by 17 feet in the chamber. The outlet locks at 
Columbia are each 10 feet lift, and 100 by 17^ feet jn 
the chamber. The road bridges are 20 feet wide, and 
48 feet in length, except the one at Walnut street in 
Marietta, which will be in length 76 feet. The farm 
bridges are 12 feet wide, and 48 feet long, except those 
on sections 10, 12, and C, which are 50 feet long. The 
towing path bridge at .Middletown is 57 feet long and 10 
feet wide. Culvert on section 13, 4 feet span; waste- 
wiers 60 feet long, and water-ways 8 feet wide. This 
part of the division is estimated to cost §1 33,804 52, :i3 
will appear in detail by referring to the accompanying es- 
timate. This amount exceeds the cost, as reported by 
Mr. Gay, $18,763 46; but if the cost of the outlet locks 
at Cohimbia be deducted, which appears not to have 
been contemplated in that report, it will be found to 
fall within his estimate. The .amount of work estima- 
ted to have been done, on the 15th inst. was $41,992 03, 
which left the value of the work remaining to be done, 
$91,812 49; to which, if there is added $23,718 0?, the 
amount estimated to complete the work authorized pi-i- 
or to the 21st of March last, it will make $115,530 50, 
the total amount required to complete the eastern divi- 
sion, and is believed to be sufficiently large to meet 
every exigency. 

Included in the estimated cost of the aqueduct over 
the Swatara, is $7200 for altering the plan, after the 
works were put under contract. This was done from 
the belief that the work, if executed agreeably to the 



plan then proposed, would be insufficient to sustain the 
necessary >> eiglit of water, and with a view to give it 
that stability v.-hch the structure reqtiired. 
All which is respeclfullv submitted. 

A. B. WAUFOltD, Engineer. 



ESTIMATE OF THE COST OF WORK. 

F.slimated cost of that part of the eastern divis'on of/ 
the PennsvUania c.inal, authorized by the act of 2l3t 
March, 1831. 

Sec/Ions. 

No. 1. — Daniel Dougherty, contractor, glOTI 44 

No. 2. — Peacock and Miller, contnictors, 1020 52 

No. 3. — Peacock and M, Her, contractors, 1556 6 J 

No. 4. — Bernard Fitzsimmons, contractor, 1715 52 

No. 5. — ,Iohn Darning, continictor. 1719 44 

No. 6. — Neal and Hughes, contractors, 877 77 

No. 7.— .lohn Ivc-Uev, contractor, 1923 SO 

No. 8. — Lathrop, Wjlber & I rcat, contractors, 626 SI 
No. 9. — Jeremiah Kirk, contractor, 1615 48 

No. 10.— John C. Lessig, contractor, 993 20 

No. 11. — John Mtu-ry, contractor, 1377 61 

No. 12. — James Eagan, contractor, 1417 25 

No. 13. — Lathrop, ivilber St Trrat, contractors, 1558 05 
No. 14. — M'Lean ;ind H.arkins, contractors, 2728 95 
No. 15. — Edward MiUigan, contractor, includ- 
ing work estimated to Edward 
Fabrigue, contractor, 24^2 

No. 16 John and Felix MuiTy, contractors, 2070 

No. 17. — lohn and Felix Murry, contractors, 1087 
No. 18. — Eagan, Dougherty & Hojjkins, con 

tractors. 
No. 19. — George Blattenberger, contractor. 
No. 20. — John Dougherty, contractor. 
No. 21. — Michael Hurke, contractor, 
C. — Jeremiah Kirk, contractor, 
B. — Patrick Carson, contractor, 
A — Herman Sutton, contractor. 
Lock No. 7 — Ehle and Hod.ge contractors, 
No 6 — Ehle and Hodge, contractors. 
Outlet Lock at Columbia — Guilford, M'Cul- 

lough & Anderson, contractors, 20,0^3 

Culvert on Section 13 — Not under contract, 456 
Aqueduct at Swatara.— John and Nathaniel 

Evans, contractors, 19,770 

Road Bridge, No. 1. — A- P. and C. Provest, 
contractors, 
No. 2. — A. P. and C. Provest, 

contractors. 
No. 3. — Harris and Fleury,con- 

tMCtors, 
No. 4. — Contract forfeited. 
Extra Bridge at Marietta. — Samuel Hopkins 

& Co., contractors. 
Road Bridge, No. 6, — Boyer and Jenkins,con- 
tractors, 
No.7. — Boyer and Jcnkins.con- 
ti-actors. 
Farm Bridge, No. 1.— .\. P. and C. Provest, 
contractors. 
No. 2. — Harris and Fleury.con- 

tractors. 
No. 4.— Kauffelt, Herr Si Co., 

contractors. 
No, 5.— Kauffelt, Herr & Co., 
constractors. 
Farm Bridge on Section No. 10.— Rich.ard 

and Thomas English, contractors. 
Farm Bridge, No. 6.— Kauffelt, Herr St Co., 

contractors. 
Farm Bridge on Section 12. — Foreman and 

M'Ne.al, contractors. 
Farm Bridge. No. 7.— ^Vilbc^andTreat,con- 



?047 
3378 
1831 
6849 
1947 
3.99 
2785 
6839 
66-7 



492 
574 



659 
629 



1284 



898 
626 



705 
517 



563 
510 



No. 8.. 



tractors, 
-Wilber and Treat, con- 
tractors, 



517 

543 
1002 



500 



100 



REPORT ON AGRICULTURE, kc. 



[FEBSUAIir 



Farm Bridg'c, No. 9. — Richard and Thomas 

English, contractors, 741 00 
No. 10. — Richard and Thomas 

English, contractors, 671 90 
No. 11. — Richard and Thomas 

English, contractors, 529 30 
No. 12. — John Cameron, con- 
tractor, 506 50 
No. 13. — John Cameron, con- 
tractor, 1261 00 
Farm Bridge on Section C. — Breneman and 

Crawford, conti-actors, 567 85 

Towing Path Bridge at Middletowi, 1001 75 

Two waste-wiers, not under contract, at S375, 750 00 
Twow.ater-ways, not under eonti'act, at S500, 1000 00 
Houses at Locks No. 6 and 7. — Jones and 

Balsley, contractors, _ 347 00 

Houses at outlet Lock. — Not under conti-act, 400 00 
5020 rods fence, at §1 20, 6024 00 

Removing- on Sections 3 and 4. — S.aml. Hop- 
kins, contractor, 275 00 
Removing Building on Section No. 2. — Saml. 

Zink, contractor, - 12 50 

Removing Building on Section No. 15. — Ed- 
ward Fabrigues, contractor, 50 00 
Removing Building on Section 17. — John 

AVhite, contractor, 125 00 

Removing Building' on Section 19. — Jno. B. 

Haldeman, contractor, 100 00 

Removing Building- at Swatara. — John Storm, 

conti-actor, 70 00 

Removing Building on Section C. — Daniel 

May, contractor, 75 00 

Contingencies, 6700 00 



$133,804 52 



41,992 03 



Total cost. 

Amount of work estimated to have been 
done, November 15th, 1831, 

Amount required to finish the work, $91,812 49 

Estimated cost of completing tliat part of the eastern 
division of the Pennsylvania canal, authorized pre- 
vious to the 21st of March, 1831. 

Puddling Section No. 35. — Robt. W. Hous- 
ton & Co., contractors, $4937 25 
Puddling Section No. 36. — Robt. W. Hous- 
ton & Co., contractors, 7141 91 
Lock No. 1, 1000 00 
Road Bridge, No. 5. — Boyer and Jenkins, 

contractors, 5C8 36 

Road Bridge on Section No. 36. — Samuel 

Hopkins, contractor, 425 00 

Foot Bridge, 200 00 

Culvert at Haldeman's Mill Alexander 

Provest &, Co., 2337 50 

Houses at Locks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8.— Jones 

and Balsley, contractors, 1662 00 

One waste-wier, 350 00 

Six water-ways, $500 e.ach, 3000 00 

Contingencies, 2156 00 

Amount required to complete the works, $23,718 02 



REPORT ON AGRICULTURE, &c. TO THE 
LEGISLATURE. 

Mr. Drumheller, from the committee on agriculture 
and domestic maimfactui-es made the following report, 
viz: 

The committee on amculture and domestic manufac- 
tures, to whom was referred so much of the Governoi-'s 
message, as relates to tlie culture of the vine and the 
Mulberry tree, together with the subject of encouraging 



the formation of societies for the promotion of agricul- 
tm-e, and also, so much as relates to manufactures, 
REPORT: 

That they approach the subject with a deep sense of 
its importance, and aware of the necessity of caution 
and cii-cumspection, in regard to any measure which 
may e.xercise an extensive and lasting influence on 
tlie st.ate of society, and the social relations of life, it is 
with diffidence we ofl'er the following suggestions. No 
community can become numerous, intelligent, prosper- 
ous, or happy, without plentiful supplies of the neces- 
saries and comforts of life, and these can onl}rbe fur- 
nished where agriculture and manufictures are in a 
flourisliing condition. Hence, the prosperity of these 
sources of national wealth, is a necessary preliminary to 
all other improvements in the condition of the body of 
the people. It is therefore among the most imperative 
duties of the government, to foster and encourage them, 
by the judicious application of such means as the con- 
stitution has placed at its disposal. The extensive sys- 
tem of internal improvement in which we are now en- 
gaged, has for its primary object the increase of pro- 
ductive power; and it will readily be conceded, that it 
is the most effectual means of accomphshing the end in 
view. But while we are appropriating so many millions 
in this way, it may be worth while to consider, if tliere 
be not other means of promoting the same object, at 
least deserving of attention. It is certainly necessary 
tliat our farmers should have facilities of getting their 
products to market, before their power of production 
can be fully called into exercise, but it is n6t less neces- 
sary, that thej- should possess the knowledge requisite 
to direct their labor in the most profitable way. Your 
committee have no doubt that the raising of silk, and of 
the grape, if extensively introduced, would be sources 
of profit to many of our citizens, and an important ad- 
vantage to the community at large. That species of the 
mulberry on which the silk worm is fed in Europe and 
Asia, is so well adapted to our clim;Ue, that it has be- 
come naturalized in some parts of our state, and is to 
be found growing without care or cultivation, in hedge 
rows and waste places. It is easily propag.ated, either 
by seed or by cuttings of the branches, so that nothing 
is wanting but information and a little attention to its 
cultivation, to multiply it to any desirable extent. We 
have also a native species of mulberry, wliich is known 
to answer the purpose for feechng silk worms, whether 
as well or better than the foreign, is perhaps not yet de- 
termined. Several species of the grape are also natives 
of the country, and some varieties of the wine grape of 
Europe have been cultivated in some places to advan- 
tage, whilst others have been found too tender to stand 
the severe winters of this climate, and the question iis 
yet undecided, whether foreign or native varieties of tliis 
dehcious fruit are best adapted to general cultivation. 
There are doubtless many other articles now imported, 
wliich may be produced in our own country. Madder 
will grow luxuriantly in tliis state,and it is highly proba- 
ble tliat the Olive tree and the Tea plant would both 
thrive well in some of the southern states. In tliese 
cases,andevery other in which articles are not produced, 
where it might be adv.antageously done, it is evident 
that want of knowledge is the principal reason for the 
deficiency. Any measure, therefore, which would dif- 
fuse among Xhe inhabitants of our state, an increase of 
useful and practical knowledge, .and promote a spirit of 
inquiry and enterprise, will cause agi-iculture and man- 
ufactures to improve, and promote general prosperity 
and happiness. 

Societies for the improvement of agricultui-e and man- 
ufactures, appear well calculated to excite emulation, 
and tlius assist in perfecting the skill of the agricultural- 
ists and manufactm-ers. They are, therefore, useful; 
and where the citizens feel interest enough in them, to 
devote a portion of their time and attention in promo- 
ting their object, tliey are deserving of high commen- 
d.ation. But your committee do not perceive, that any 



1832.] 



NORTHERN DISPENSARY. 



101 



considerable benefit would result from encouraging 
such associations by appropriations of money from tiic 
Tre;isuary, and it is feared that much of what might be 
thus obtained,would be wasted on oljjccts of little utility. 

Schools or academics in which agriculture and the 
mechanic arts shall be taught in the most improved 
metliods, in connection with literary and scientific in- 
struction, the students attending a portion of their time, 
to tile pursuits of literature and science, and another to 
manual hibor, appear admirably adapteilto promote our 
object. In such institutions, the labor of the pupils will 
give strength and vigor to their constitutions, they will 
learn the most approved methods of prosecuting what- 
ever branch of busiEicss tliey may choose to follow, 
and they will natui-.dly acquire habits of industry, that 
cannot fail to be highly useful in after life. At the 
s,ame time, they will have the opportunity of acquiring 
an ample store of knowledge, and the regular prosecu- 
tion of their studies, will discipline and improve their 
mental powers. This combination of intelligence, vi- 
gor of body, activity of mind, and habitual industry, 
forms a character wliich is well calcidated for exten- 
sive usefulness in everj' situation in life, and is pre-em- 
inently calculated to promote the well being of society, 
by increasing the power of production in allljranches 
of business. Such establishments may readily be made 
the means of diftusing a practical knowledge of all use- 
ful discoveries and improvements, and by the combina- 
tion of science, mechanical skill and practical know- 
ledge, which this system of education cannot fail to pro- 
duce, many discoveries will doubtless be made that oth- 
erwise would escape notice. 

We arc not recommending a Utopian scheme, or ad- 
vocating an untried principle. Schools have been es- 
tablished upon this plan, and so fiir as they have been 
tried, it is believed they have given an earnest of use- 
fulness that will justify veiy sanguine espectitions. 
The most conspicuous among tliese, and that wliich 
has been the longest in operation of any that is known 
to )our committee, is that of Kmanuel Fellcnburg, at 
Hofwyl, in Switzci-land. It was established more than 
twenty years since, an^l is still in successful operation; 
and from the concurrent reports of many travellers who 
have visited it, the experiment has conclusively demon- 
strated the great superiority of the system over every 
otlier that has been made known to the public. Se- 
veral establishments have also been commenced in this 
country on similar principles, that give flattering indica- 
tions; but there arc none th.at li.ave been long enough in 
operation, to show, by their fruits, the extent of the ad- 
vantages they are calculated to confer. 

It is a source of much satisfiction to reflect, that while 
the system we recommend will give an education much 
better adapted to form useful citi.!ens, than can be ob- 
tained at our best institution* on tlie present plan; it 
will also be much less expensive. The agTicultur.il 
school at Hofwyl, is the property of a private individ- 
ual, and we know not whether the Labor of the scholars 
is suflicieiit to remunerate him for the expense of their 
education. It is known, however, tliat they are fed, 
clothed and instnictcd without any p;iy or profit, ex- 
cept what is derived from their labor, and we infer tliat 
the loss, if any, cannot be very considerable, otlierwisc 
tlie school would be discontinued. At the Oneidn in- 
stitute, in the state of New York, according to tlie re- 
port of the managers of that institution, the students 
work three hours in the d.ay, and this is found sufficient 
to pay for their boarding and lodging; and some of supe- 
rior skill, have paid all their expenses. — There i.s, 
therefore, little doubt, that young men from fifteen to 
twenty years of age, by working four or five hours in 
each day, could pay all the necessary expenses of tlicir 
education and maintenance: so that a liberal and valua- 
ble education might be placed within reach of cverj- 
child of the republic, with but little burthen upon the 
community. We are aware it is not the province of this 
committee to digest and propose a plan for citabli-ihing 



such institutions; but we would earnestly recommend 
them as proper objects of legislative encouragement. 
And as the consider.ition of the propriety of establishing 
a general system of education, has been referred to an- 
other committee, we respectfully propose the following 
resolution, viz : 

Resolved, that tlie committee on education be in- 
structed to enquire into the cxpecUency of making pro- 
vision, by law, for the establishment of a competent 
number of academies or schools, in which agricultural 
and mechanical employment shall be combined with 
Uterary and scientific instruction. 

The resolvition attached to the foregoing report, was 
again read, considered and adopted. 



NORTHERN DISPENSARY. 

Remaining under care last year. 
Admitted since that time. 



Of whom the number recovered is. 
Relieved, 
Died, 
Remaining under care. 



The receipts and expenditures have been as follows: 
RECEIPTS. 



Balance in Treasury last yeai-. 
Interest on Mortgages, 
Interest on the Kensington Loan, 
Income on Wills' Legacy, 
Contributions, 



§380 90 
42 00 
190 00 
270 00 
328 00 

$1,210 90 



EXPENDITURES. 

Medicines, 

Leeching, Cupping and Bleeding, 
Medical Works, 
Stationary and Printing, 
Apothecary'sSalary, 
Balance in the Treasurj', 
Collecting Contributions and distributing An- 
nual Report, 



1165 91 

182 90 

3 00 

12 30 

80 00 

734 32 

32^47 



$1,210 90 



In presenting the annual report of tlie Nortlicrn Dis- 
pensary, for the year 1831, tlie managers U-ust th.at their 
fellow citizens may be renewcdly induced to patron- 
ize an institution so peculiarly deserving of their fos- 
tering care. To the truly benevolent heart there can- 
not be a more ex(iuisite reward than that arising from 
the consideration, tli;it it has ministered to the deserv- 
ing poor, whilst sufFering under tlie deprivations and 
pains of tlie sick bed. However surrounded by other 
comforts, what is life if health is taken from us' Con- 
sider tlie poor man and his dependent family! When 
disease overUikes him, the few comforts his wages have 
I enabled him to dispense to his beloved partner and tcn- 
I der oflspring, .are at once taken away, and poverty in 
j prospect, is seen to add redoubled force to e\ cry panp. 
j If he h.as sa> ed a little fmm his hard earnings, it' may all 
I be sunk in medicine and attendance. Just atOiisjunc- 
I tiu-e, a contributor to tlic Dispen».arv mav soothe his 
h.arasscd feelings, by the a.'isurance that the phvsician 
I and medicines sh.aU be supplied without expense. Hi« 



102 



PHILADELPHIA BAR. 



[FiBKCABT 



mental fears are thus allayed, and his physical malady 
rendered more controlable It is needless to say more 
to our fellow citizens on the subject of this cliaritable 
institution; we feel assvu-ed tliey will not suffer it to 
lans^uish. 

i'o establish it upon a permanent basis, the managers 
are satished a more central situation is required; and 
since they have extended its benefits to the dstr.ct of 
Penn township, they are desa-ous to find a suitable scite 
for the erection of a building-, which shall comprise 
within its walls the necessary conveniences. They 
most ardently hope that when application shall be made 
to their fellow citizens of the Northern Liberties and 
Penn township, for aid— in prociu-ing- tlie same, they 
will show that liberality for which they have always 
' been distinguished. It'will be observed tliat the num- 
ber of patients has been less than last year, in conse- 
quence of exemption from epidcmxs. 

Contributions and donations will be thankfully re- 
ceived by our Treasurer, John C. Browne, No 334 
North Front street; at tlie Dispensary, No 371 North 
Front street, S. E. corner of Green street, or by either 
of the managers. 

By order of the Board of Managers. 

GEORGE BOYD, President. 
Joseph S. Rilet, Secretary. 

PhUadelphia, Dec. 29, 1831. 



Uesolved. That the owners and masters of vessels in 
port be requested to display their flags at the mast-head 
during the day. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to aiTange 
a proceision, and that they respectfully request the par- 
ticipation therein of the society of the Cincinnati, of the 
surviving officers and soldiers of the revolution and of 
the late war, and of the officers of the army and navy 
of the United States. 

Resolved, That the committee respectfully request 
the Major General to issue ordei-s for a parade of the 
military of the division, so that they may co-operate in 
this celebration, and to invite the volunteers of the 
neighbouring states and cities. 

Resohed, That the conimittee respectfully request 
the participation in the procession of the judges of 
the courts, the mayor and corporate officers of the city 
and county, the literary, scientific and benevolent socie- 
ties, the firemen of the city and county, the members 
of the difl'erent trades, professions and public institu- 
tioirs, and such other societies, public bodies and citizens 
as will unite with them. 

Resolved, That the details of the arrangements be 
made known at the earliest practicable period. 

Resolved, That application be made to the Select 
and Common Councils of the city and the adjoining 
districts, for appropriations to aid in defraying the ex- 
penses of the celebration. 

Resolved, That the following persons be a committee 
with full pow.er to carry into effect the objects of the 
preceding resolutions, viz. 



Henry I). Gilpin, 
C. G.'Childs, 
Benjamin Chew, jr. 
James Page, 
John Miles, 



~J03pphR Ingcrsoll, 

Thomas M. Pettit, 

Alex. M'Caraher, 

and 
Walter R. Johnson. 



CENTENNARY CELEBRATION OF THE BIRTH 
OF WASHINGTON. 

The following gentlemen having been appointed a 
general committee, by a pubhc meeting of the citizens 
of the city and county of Pliiladelphia, assemlded to 
make arrangements for a suitable celebration of the 
centennary 'birth-day of GEORGE WASHINGTON, 
on the 22d of February, 1B32, viz— William Rawle, 
Alex. M'Caraher, J.siah Randall, Walter R. Johnson, 

Thomas M. Pettit, James Page, Thomas ("ad walader, ^ 

Benj. Chew, jr , Kenderton Smith, George N. Baker, i niemory of that man who was their pride when living, 
Robert A. Pan-ish, Richard Palmer, Benj W. Rxhards, | ^nd whose name is inseparably blended with the hber- 
Joseph R. IngersoU, Robert Patterson, Col. C.G Childs, 
Henry D. Gdpin, William Milnor, Jr., Clisales S. Coxe, 
John Miles, Jacob Frick, Isaac W. Norris, I homas H. 
Craige, James Ronaldson— a meetin.g of the .general 
committee was held at the Mayor's office, on Monday 
the 6th of February. The subject having been taken 



Resolved, That the general committee express their 
anxious desire, that all their fellow citizens may cordial- 
ly and efficiently unite in a celebration, which is intend- 
ed to commemorate their grateful feelings towards the 



tv, the glory, and the happiness of their common coun- 
try. ROBERl A. PARRlSH, Chairman. 
AViLLiAM MiLson, Jr. Secretary. 



into full consideration, the following resolutions were 
adopted: 

Resolved, That tlie celebration of the approachmg 
anniversary sliall embrace the following general arrange- 
ments — 

1. That the day be ushered in by the rmgmg of beUs 
at sunrise, and that this ceremony be repeated at noon 
and sunset 



TESTIMONIALS OF RESPECT, 

At a meeting of the members of the Bar of Philadel- 
phia, held at the Law Library, on the 20th of Decem- 
ber, 1831, Charles Chauncey, Esq., Chairman, T, I. 
Wharton, Secretary,. — 

iMr. Sergeant proposed the following resolutions, 
which were unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That the i5ar is desirous to express their 
respect and regard for their venerable associate WIL- 



2. That the citizens be earnestly requested, as far LIAM RAWLE, Esq., and preserve a likeness of one 
as practicable, to suspend business during the day, in who has contributed so much to do honour to the pro- 
order to give more effect to the celebration,and to ena- '"-—:— 



ble all classes to unite in it. 

3. That during the day national salutes be fired from 
the Navy Yard and by the volunteers. 

4. That all vessels' in port shall be decprated with 
their flags. 

5. That there be a grand civic and military procession 
during the day. 

Resolved, That appfication be made to the proper 
authorities to have the bells of the different public edi- 
fices rung during the day. 

Resolved, That application be made to the Com- 
mandant at the Navy Yard, respectfully requesting that 
a salute of one hundred heavy guns may be fired during 
the dav. 

Resolved. That application be made to the Major 
General of the Division respectfully requesting him to 
issue orders to have corresponding salutes fired during 
the dav. 



fession. 

Resolved, That a committee be now appointed to 
signify to Mr. Rawle the wishes of the Bar in this re- 
spect, and to engage a suitable artist for the purpose. 
The following committee were then appointed: 
Mr. Sergeant, 
Chauncey, 
J. R. IngersoU, 
T. J. Wharton, 
W. M. Meredith. 
CHARLES CHAUNCEY, Chaii-man. 
T. J. Wn.iiiTON-, Secretary. 

In consequence of the foregoing resolution, the 
committee addressed a letter to Mr. Rawle, a copy of 
which is subjoined, together with Mr. Rawle's reply: 

Deah Sir, — The members of the Bar of Philadel- 
phia, "desirous to express their respect and regard for 



1832.] 



PHILADELPHIA BAR. 



103 



their venerable associate, Willum RtwLi:, Esq., and 
to presence a likcnesi of one who has contributed so 
much to do honour to the profession," have .ippointed 
us a committee to request that you will do them the fa- 
vour to sit for a portr.iit, tii be painted by an eminent 
artist, and fixed in such place as the B.ir may d rcct. 

\\ e have great pleasure in performing- the duty thus 
assigned to us To be the orjjan of an expression of 
regard and respect, so well deserved, is indeed pecu- 
liarly gratifying. 

On belialf of the Bar, therefore, we request that you 
will be good enough to name an early day for the pur- 
pose expressed in their resolution. 

We are, very truly and respectfully, your friends and 
servants, 

JOHN SERGEANT, 
CHARLES CHAUNCEY, 
.1. R. INGEUSOLL, 
T. J. AVHARTON, 
\V. M. MEREDITH. 
To AViiLiiM Rawle, Esq. 
December 21, 1831. 

ANSWER. 

Gestlemes-, — It is chfficult for me to find language 
adequate to express tlie sense I feel of a compliment so 
unexpected, so unmerited, as that which, through you, 
I have received from my professional brethren. 

To be thus honoured is a distinction so highly flatter- 
ing as to preclude the hesitation of a moment in com- 
plying with the request, and it only remains for you to 
designate the artist to be employed. 

[ have the honour to be with the greatest respect, 
your affectionate and obedient servant; 

W. RAAVLE. 
To John Sergeant, Charles Chauncey, Joseph R. In- 

gersoll, Thomas I. Wharton, Wilhara M. Meredith, 

Bequires. 

We understand, that Mr. Inman, the artist employed, 
has most successfully accomplished the object desired 
by tlie Bar. 

At a meeting of the members of the Bar at Philadel- 
phia, held at the Law Library on the 20th of Decem- 
ber 1831, Charles Chauncey, Chaimian, T. I. Wharton, 
Secretary. 

On motionof Mr. Wheeler, seconded by Mr. Sergeant, 
it was unanimously 

Resolved, that the members of this Bar entertain a 
grateful sense of their obligations to Mr. David Cald- 
■wELi, late Clerk of the Circuit and District Courts of 
the United States, for his uniform kindness and atten- 
tion to tlicm, and are desirous of beaiing testimony to 
the remarkable correctness and integrity with which 
the duties of his office have been discharged. 

Resolved, that a piece of plate be presented to Mr. 
Caldwell, in the name of the B.ar of Philadelphia, as a 
memorial of their frientlship and respect for him. 

The following gentlemen were appointed a commit- 
tee to carry.the resolution into effect. 
Mr. Sergeant, 
Wheeler, 
J. R. Ingersoll, 
Jas. <:. BidiUe, 
AV. M. Meredith. 
CH. CHAUNCEY, Chairman. 
T. I. Whahtcv, Secretary. 

The following is the correspondence which followed, 
between the committee and .Mr. Caldwell: — 

Dear Sin: — We have been appointed by the B.ar, at 
a meeting held on the 20th inst. to communicate to you 
a resolution they have unanimously adopted, and also 
to carry into effect the intentions expressed by their 
vote. Of this resolution we now enclose a copy. 



It would aflford us unmingled pleasure to be thus in- 
strumental in conveying to you a tribute of affection 
and resptct, so sincerely offered and so justly merited, 
were it not unavoidjibly accompanied with the painful 
feeling that our intercourse with you as an officer is now 
to cease.— During the lon.g period of your service, we 
have experienced the most unwcaiying kindness, joined 
with the strictest integrity and accuracy, in the perform- 
ance of your duties, so that the attachment founded up. 
on your affectionate solicitude at all times to assist and to 
serve us, was exalted and strengthened by the firm 
conviction that every trust belonging to your office w.as 
faithfully, accurately and conscientiously fulfilled. We 
still remember the proud satisfaction with which, as 
members of the Bar of Pennsylvania, we heartl, upon a 
memorable occasion, the office of Clerk of the Penn- 
sylvania District held up at Washington as an example 
of official piu-ity and exactness. 

Under the influence of these recollections, our best 
wishes go with you into your retirement, mingled with 
our regrets at parting with one so much respected and 
esteemed. 

J. SERGEANT, 
C. WHEELER, 
J. R. I^'GERSOLL, 
J. C. BIDDLE, 
W. M. MEREDITH. 

To Messrs. Sergeant, Wheeler, J. R. Ingersoll, J. C. 
Biddle and W. M. Meredith, committee. 

Gestle-mex — I want words to express the deep sen- 
sibility with which I have this day received the resolu- 
tions of the Bar of Philadelphia, passed on the twentieth 
inst;int; and I shall not attempt it. I will onlv sav, and 
I do it with pride and pleasure, that the harmony of an 
official intercourse of more than forty years with that 
B;\r, and the fithers of many of its present members, 
has not been interrupted in a single instance, by any 
act or expression of unkindness or disrespect — and that 
this new testimony of courtesy and kindness, received 
with gratitude as it was offered with urbanity, will be 
cherished through my few remaining years, as a most 
gi-atifying, yet too partial reward for the services to 
which it refers. 

Accept, gentlemen, for yourselves, individually, and 
for the very distinguished and greatly respected body 
whom you represent, my ardent wishes for your con- 
tinued prosperity here and for yoiu- future happiness. 
D. CALDWELI- 

Philadelphia, 23d Dec. 1831. 

The Bar of PhiLadelphia have presented to David 
Caldwell, Esq., a silver pitcher and stand, of the v.aluc 
of one hundred and fifky dollars. The articles are from 
the manufactory of Mr. Thomas Fletcher, Chesnut 
street; the pitcher is a beautiful piece of workmanship, 
worthy of that gentleman's high reputation as an artist. 
Every one who has any direct knowledge, or has heard 
of Mr. Caldwell, must acknowledge that this tribute of 
esteem is well merited We annex a copy of tlie just 
inscription on the pitcher. 



" PnESEi^TEn DT THE Bab or PniLADELpniA to 

DAVID CALDWELL, ESQ. 

Late Clerk of the United States' Courts for the Penn- 
sylvania District, in testimony of their great re- 
spect and regard, and of their sense of the uni- 
form courtesy, kindness and fidelity, 
which eminently characterized his 
conduct as an officer and a gen- 
tleman, in their intercourse 
with him. Januarv, 
183?." 



104 



CANAL TOLLS— BREAKING UP OF THE SUSQUEHANNA. 



fFaBinTAitr 



TABLE OF THEJRATES OF TOLL ON THE 
DELAWARE AND HUDSON CANAL. 

The first column shows the Rates, where the Rules 
and Regulations are compUed with: the second, the le- 
gal Tolls. 

ARTICLES, CTs. CTS. 

Gypsum, per ton per mile, 1 1-2 4 

Salt, . . 2 1-2 4 

Flour, meal, g'rain, salted provisions, pot 

and pearl ashes, '24 

Cement, ' 3 1-2 4 

Ground tanner's bark, 2 4 

UngTOund do. do. 1 1-2 4 

Molasses, sugars, and liquors, 3 4 

Hay in bundles pressed, 1 4 

Merchandize, ' 3 4 

Timber in Boats— Hemlock — per 100 

cubic feet, per mile, 1 4 

but not to exceed 75 
cents, for any dis- 
ance on canal. 
" Pine — per 100 cubic 

feet, per mile, 1 1-2 4 

but not to exceed $1 
for any distance on 
canal. 
« Oak — per 100 cubic 

feet, per mile, 2 4 

but not to exceed 
§1,50 for any dis- 
tance on canal. 
" JIaple, Cherry, and 

Whitcwood, per IflO 
cubic feet per mile, 3 4 

but not to exceed $3 
for any distance on 
canal. 
" in Rafts — Hemlock — per 100 

cubic feet, per mile, 2 4 

" Pine, 3 4 

" Oak, 4 4 

«« Maple, Cherry, and 

White wood, 4 4 

Boards, Planks, and Scaniling in Boats. 
Hemlock, per 1000 feet board measure 

per mile, 1 ^ 

but not to exceed 75 cents on 

anv distance of the canal. 
Pine, per lO'OO feet board measure, per 

mile, 11-2 4 

but not to exceed SI for any 

distance on canal. 
Oak, per 1000 feet board measure, per 

mile, 2 4 

but not to exceed $1,50 for any 

distance on canal. 
Maple, Cherry, and Whitewood, per 

lOOO' feet board measure, per 

mile, 3 4 

but not to exceed §3 for any 

distance on canal. 

Boards, Planks, or Scanlling in Rafts. 

Hemlock, per 1000 feet board measure, 

per mile, 2 4 

Pine, 3 4 

Oak, 4. 4 

Maple, Cherry, and Whitewood, 4 4 
Staves and heading in boats, per ton 

per mile, 1 1-2 4 

in rafts, 2 4 
Shinries^in boats, per 1000 per mile, 

Pine, 4 10 8 10 

Hemlock, 3 10 8 10 



Shingles in rafts— Pine, 3 10 8 10 

Hemlock, 8 10 8 10 

Slanufactures of wood, per ton per 

mile, 2 1-2 4 

Iron Castings, 3 4 

Common brick and Stone Lime, Iron 

Ore and Sand, 1 4 

Fii-e brick, Fii-e Stone and Coal, 1 1-2 4 

Marble and Mill Stones, and all manu- 
factured Stone, 3 4 
Posts and Rails, and Lath in boats, 1 1-2 4 
do. do. in rafts, 3 4 
Hoop poles, 1 1-2 4 
do. do. split or shaved, 2 4 
Cotton in bales or bags, 3 4 
Iron up the canal, 3 4 
Do. down the canal, 2 4 
Cord wood in boats, from 1 to 10 miles 

per cord, per mile, 4 4 

11 miles, 45 44 

and for every addi- 
tional mile, one 
cent per cord, un- 
til the toll amounts 
to 50 cents — and a 
half cent per cord 
per mile, for eve- 
ry additional mile 
above 18 miles,un- 
- til tlie toll amounts 
to 60 cents per 
cord, and for every 
five miles thereaf- 
ter, one cent per 
cord. 
Articles not enumerated going from 

tide water, 3 4' 

Towards tide water, 2 4 

Pleasure boats, on the capacity of the 

boat, 4 4 

Milage on boats loaded or empty, to- 
wards tide water, two cents 
per mile — from tide water, 
four cents per mile on the 
boat. Dundaff Republican- 



CoLOMBii, 'IhuTsday, Feb. 9, 1832. 

BnEAKiXG UP OF THF ScsarEHAifSA. — ^Tbc raius of 
the 3d and 4th inst. caused the Susquehanna so to swell, 
that about 6 o'clock on the evening of the latter day, 
^Saturday,) the ice commenced moving with a great 
crash. The rapidity with which the water rose, soon 
created fears for the bridge and the property at stake 
along the river bank. Immediate measures were taken 
for the removal of the flour, whiskey, &c. in danger, 
which were successful; and w'e believe every thing 
moveable, that was liable to destruction, was placed in 
safety, with the exception of tlie lumber. Great crowds 
were' attracted to the bridge in the eai-ly part of the 
evening, and from the constant noise made by the ice 
pressing against it, more resembling a discharge of mus- 
ketry than any thing we can liken it to; the opinion pre- 
vailed that the whole of the bridge from the Wrights- 
^•ille side to the big island, was being swept a%vay. At 
this period the most painfiil anxiety was manifest; the 
darkness of the night was a barrier to tlie sight, whUe it 
was unsafe to enter the bridge for the purpose of grati- 
fjdng curiosity. About 11 o'clock, the ice had stopped 
nmning, being damned below, and a number of persons 
fi-om Wrightsville came over and reported that no part 
of the bridge had gone, except the lower side of a span 
in about the centre, and that the sound which had crea- 
ted so much uneasmess, was caused by the ripping ofF 
of some of the weather-boarding . This allayed a great 



1832.] 



i05 



deal of fear, and confidence ag-ain prevailed in the sta- 
bility of til is noble structure. 

At 12 o'clock, however, tlie ice made another push, 
and at a quarter past, 5 spah or 540 feet of the bridg-e 
were taken from the piers with a crasli that went to the 
heart of every listener. Sliortly after the ice ag-ain jam- 
med and stopped, and so continued until about half 
past 10 on Sunday morning, when it moved ai\d took 
with it 2 span or 210 feet of the bridg-e near the Wrights- 
ville side. 

Before we go further, it will be necessary to state, as 
explanatory of the unusual height of the water at this 
place, that at the breaking up of the river three weeks 
since, the ice was unable to farce its passag^e through 
the narrow places below — consequently all that had 
come down for the distance of more than 200 miles, 
had crowded into a spiice of about 12 miles in length, 
forming a dam in some places 6J feet above low water 
mark, and extending to the bottom. The difliculty of the 
water findin.^ its way through sucli a mass of ice, may 
easily be im.ag-ined. It is said that four miles down, it 
never started during all the time it was running here. 
Aside from this cause, there was not water enough 
in the river to occasion any injury or excite an}' alarm 

On Tuesday was tlie greatest rise. On that d.iy, 
about 11 o'clock in the morning-, the ice m.ade another 
shove; at this time tlie water rose two feet higher tlian 
it had previously been— 9 span or about 1000 feet of 
the bridge were carried' away near the Wrightsville 
shore; many of the board piles in tlic lumber yards on 
this side were upset; and the two shore-houses of 
Mr. C. Haldeman were considerably injured. At 1 
o'clock the river had become clear of ice opposite this 
place, and it continues so at this time, having fallen to 
nearly its natural height. Above the bridge there is 
some ice, and below us the dam remains unbroken. 

Two stables belonging to Mr. T. Winnemore were 
taken ofi"; the frame work of the saw-mill just above the ' 

bridge, erecting by Messrs. Forrey, M'Kissick and ,' which had been formed since the late freshet, took its 
Hcise, was borne away; the saw-mill owned by Jlr. Ja- j departure for the Chesapeake Bay. The river was ex- 



mail over. They went on the bridge till they came to 
the opening-, thence on the ice till tliey again reached 
the bridge. They succeeded in takiny it to Wrights- 
ville in safety; on returning, however, they were in 
great danger; the iie st;irte<i while tliey were on it, and 
it was with some difficulty th.at they reached the bridg-e. 
The feelings of the spectators who were witnesses to 
this from the shore, may be imag-ined, but cannot bo 
described. 

The water on Tuesd;iy was about 19 feet above low 
water mark, and 30 inches higher than it was at the 
break in January, 1813. Its height was about the same 
as in 1784. Tradition speaks of a high floodin 1740,whicli 
far exceeded that of '84 — and inferring that no interme- 
diate flood was higher than that of the latter year, it fol- 
lows that the water reached a greater altitude on the 7th 
inst.tlian it had done for 92 years. — Culumbia Spy. 

At Marietta, the river was very high, and at one time 
considerable lumber and whiskey were afloat; we learni 
however, tliat it will pretty much be saved, 'l he build- 
ing occupied by Rees Hippie, as a dwelling, formerly a 
still-house, was swept from its foundation. From Sunday- 
morning till Wednesday, the turnpike between Marietta 
and this place was imp;issable, and travellers had to tsikc 
the old road. In the public house, kept by Col. Kelly, 
called the half-way house, the water w:is 15 inches on 
the first floor on Tuesday forenoon. — lb. 

It is feared that our neighbours of AVashington, three 
miles below, have suffered severely. All Front street 
was inund.ated, and store-houses, stables, Sec. were 
thrown into confusion. We have not heard partic- 
ulars. — fo. 

WiiLiAWSponT, Feb. 8. 
On Saturday evening last, the ice in the West Branch 



cob Strickler, and improved by Mr. T. Collins, was 
moved off by the force of the ice, and the store-house 
belonging to .Mr. Strickler, was also taken from its 
fovnidation. 

The whole length of the bridge at this place, was 
5690 feet; about one-third of it is gone, and the remain- 
der is mora or less injured in different places. It was 
commenced in 1812, and made p-.issable in the fall of 
1814; and we learn that this is the first injury it ever 
sustained from the ice. The cost was about $232,000. 
We have not understood what course the directors h 



ceedingly high, and it passed off smoothly, doing but 
little injury as we have yet learned. An incident, how- 
ever, occurred, which is we think without a parallel in 
the liistory of ice freshets upon the Susquehanna. About 
dark, on Saturday evening, Mr. Joseph Bailey, of the 
island opposite Jersey Shore, in endeavouring to secure 
a flat boat, which lay near the lower end of the island, 
exposed to the loose ice, ventured into it, and at that 
moment a large quantity of ice came in contact with the 
boat, broke the rope by which it w:ls fastened, and 
drove it past the point of the island. The river being 



concluded to adopt, but their well known enterprise j entirely covered with floating ice, his lamentable cries 
and ability lead to the belief that the most efficient for assistance were in vain — no human powercotdd res- 
measures will be resorted to, for promptly repairing the cue him from his perilous situation. About midnight, 
injury siist.ained. several citizens of Jersey Fhore arrived at this borough 

The damage done to thisbuilding is not to be regarded 1 and gave the alarm. A light Was placed upon the bank 
merely in a local point of view — the loss is a p\iblic one. j of the river to attract his attention, and in a few minutes 
The great southern and eastern mails were carried on \ he passed by, without the least (jossibihty of saving- 
this route, and four stages, two from Phihadelphia, and him. lie informed us that he was almost perishing 
two from U.altimore, passed over the bridge dailv. with cold and fatigue, and that he was not able to escape 

There is reason to believe, that the injury sustained ' from the ice with which he at first started. All hope of 
by the public works is very light — one side of the east | saving him except at the bridget was now abandoned — 
end of the bridge at the head of tlie canal basin, was and an express sent on to Milton to make preparations, 
undcrminedand the wood work is in areclining situation; | He passed over the r«cfj^ror/n(/ rapids, and thr lugh the 



the small bridge over Shawnee run was raised from its 
foundation, but otherwise is not much damaged. The 
outer wall of the canal between this and Marietta, with- 
stood the pressure in a manner which speaks volumes 
in its favor. In otir next, we shall be able to be more 
particular. 

The early stage from Baltimore had just reached this 
end of the bridge on Saturday evening, as the ice com- 
menced moving. The passengers in the late stage pa.ss- 
ed the night in Wrightsville. Both stages from Phila- 
delphia arrived here too late to cross the bridge with 

•afcty. On Sunday Hiorning, Col. Jefferies, ageat for j friends daring his absence, partii 
the stage owners, employed two men to take the great companion, »nd aged mother' 1 
Vol. DC. 14 



breach of the Muncy d:im before day light! and arrived 
at Milton about nine o'clock in the morning, after a voy- 
age of near fifty miles. The spirited citizens of .Milton, 
whose conduct upon this occ;i.sion is deserving ofths 
highest praise, had every means prepared to save tlio 
life of a fellow being, w+iich ingenuity could invent, and 
it is with unbounded pleasure we state that they were 
successful. He was drawn up by a rope suspended 
from the bridge, amid the shouts of the assembled mul- 
titude. 

Who can imagine the feelings of his relations and 
cularly of bis bosom 
Ten thousand deaths 



106 



DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT ON TOWN LOTS. 



[FiBncfAKT 



would have been more tolerable, than the ag'onizing- 
state of uncertainty which involved his fate. Tongue 
cannot describe the feeling's which were excited in our 
own borough, where none were bound to him by the en- 
dearing ties of conjugal affection or maternal love. — 
Lycoming Gazette. 

Lewistowit, Feb. 9. 

Owing to the weather moderating and heavy i-ains, 
last week, the Juniata-rose two feet higher than it had 
previovisly been this winter. On Saturday the ice mo- 
ved off without doing any serious injury to the public 
works. This is the second ice flood we have had this 
winter, and from the little d.",mage done to the canal, 
we infer that its banks are becoming too firm to suffer 
much injury from common causes. — Eagle. 

KiTTANNixG, Jan. 25. 
TuE Ice Flood. — We are sorry to learn that the 
Bridge across Redbank creek, on the Olean road, and 
the Bridge across the mouth of Crooked creek, at Judge 
Ross's mill, were entirely swept away last week, by tlie 
sudden rising of the creeks and the breaking up of the 
immense body of ice on them. — M'e also learn, that 
much damage has been done by the flood, in earning 
away mill dams, fences, &c. in different sections of the 
county. 



DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT. 
TAX ON TOWN LOTS, 
Given by Justice Kennedy. 



OPINION. 



TT V »«Joi II J _j>.ir • rWi'i' of errortothe 

Hugh M Clelland, pl'tff. in error. ,. r „ 

° .„ ) court oi common 

1 pleas of Venango 



Alex'r. M'Calmont, def. in error. 



V.county. 



This was an action of ejectment in which the plaintiff 
in error claimed to recover the possession of a lot of 
ground situate in the town of Franklin, in Venango 
county, which had been vacant or unseated, and during 
that time had been assessed with taxes, and they not 
having been paid, was sold as unseated lands are direct- 
ed to be under the lav.-3 of the state. The defendant, 
at the sale became the purchaser of the lot in question, 
paid the purchase money, and obtained a deed of con- 
veyance for it from the treasurer of the county. 

A case was agreed on and stated by the parties, for 
the opinion of the court below, subject to a writ of er- 
ror to be sued out by either. From the case stated, it 
appeared th.it the plaintiff was the owner of the lot be- 
fore and at the time of the sale; that prior to that time 
it had never been enclosed or improved, or settled on in 
any way — that it had been duly assessed with taxes 
which remained unpaid, and that it was sold as unseated 
lands are directed to be sold by the laws of the state, 
for taxes due and in aiTear upon them, and that the de- 
fendant became the purchaser as is stated above. 

The only question made and urged, was, whether an 
unimproved and unseated town lot of ground could be 
lawfully assessed with taxes and sold as unseated lands 
are directed to be sold for the non-payment of taxes as- 
sessedupon them. 

The court below, decided that it could, and gave 
judgment for the defendant. 

Unless such property be taxable, it follows as a mat- 
ter of course, that no sale could be lawfully made of it 
for taxes: It therefore becomes necessary to enquire 
first, whether it be the subject of taxation l^y law or not. 

By the 8th section of the act of Assembly of the 11th 
of April 1799, entitled, "an act to raise and collect 
county rates and levies," all lands held by patent, war- 
rant, location or improvement! housesand lots of ground, 
iind ground rents; all grist-mills, saw-miJls, fulling-mills. 



slitting-mills, rolling-mills, hemp-mills, oil-mills, snuff- 
mills, paper-mills and powder-mills: aU furnaces for- 
ges, bloomeries, distilleries, sugar-houses, malt-houses, 
breweries, tan yards, and ferries, &c." are made taxa- 
ble, and for that purpose the assessors are required to 
make out an account of the same; after which they are 
to call to their aid the assistant assebsors, and with them 
to value all these things according to the best of their 
knowledge, for what they may tlunk they would bona 
flde sell f IT in ready money. The terms employed in 
this section of this act are sufficiently comprehensive 
and explicit to embrace unseated and unimproved town 
lots, or any other lots of ground. The terms " a// /anA, " 
are amply sufficient to designate and include whatever 
will in law come properly under the denomination of 
" land," which in law is a term of very comprehensive 
signification. And although the legislature liave gone 
on further to enumerate specifically, " houses and lots 
of ground, ground rents, all grist-mills. Sic." yet I do 
not think it was done with a view to exclude any thing 
that came in properly under the denomination of 
" lands," tlie term before used, but rather consider it 
done for the purpose of amplifying and enlarging the 
fist of taxable articles, than of Umiting and restricting it. 
The various articles of property made taxable by this 
act, are to be valued according to what they, in the es- 
timation of the assessors, would sell for bona fide in 
ready money, and not according to their annual value.- 
which shows that the legislature intended that proper- 
ty which might be of no annual value, such for instance, 
as unimpro^•ed and unseated lands, whether consisting 
of whole surveys or tracts, or of lots or town lots, should 
be valued and assessed as well as that which was pro- 
ductive of annual profit. For if tliis had not been their 
intention, would not the annual value or profit of real 
estate have been a more equitable and reasonable 
standard, by which to have ascertained the amount of 
the taxes to be paid by the owners' It would seem to 
have been the design of the legislature to assess and 
tax all properly, from which money could be raised by 
a sale of it. Unseated town lots may be sold, and mo- 
ney sometimes raised in this way upon them more rea- 
dily than by a sale of improved lots, where some regard 
is to be had to the cost of them. Besides, as an article 
of property, they are often not only more saleable but 
more valuable than the most of the unseated tracts of 
Ir.nd in the same county; which are admitted to be the 
legitimate subjects of taxation, and are expressly made 
so by the act of Assembly of the 3d of April 18u4. The 
act of the 28th of March, 1814, which has been refer- 
red to and relied on by the counsel for the plaintiff in 
error, to show that vacant or unseated lots or pieces of 
ground cannot be sold for taxes, is framed and predi- 
cated upon the very basis of the lots therein referred to, 
having been regularly, that is, lawfully assessed, but 
the owners could not be found to pay them, or when 
found, denied their ownership. All this appears in the 
preamble of the act. It cannot be supposed that the 
legislature had any tender feeling of regard for, or dis- 
position to indulge the owners of vacant or unseated 
town lots beyond what tliey have expressed for the 
owners of unseated lands generallj', in directing to be 
assessed with taxes, and if these are not paid within 
due time, then by directing a sale to be made of the 
lands themselves. The policy of the state has ever been 
to encourage the improvement and settlement of all the 
lands within its territory, lots, I would say, as well as 
tracts. For it is precisely the same thing to the state, 
whether a tract of land remained whole, and entire, 
and unsettled, or be cut up and divided into lots, con- 
taining each the one-eighth of an acre, and all remain 
unimproved and unseated. Nothing is added to her 
wealth or her strength, hi the latter case more than in 
the former. AVhy should she forbear taxing town lots, 
as such an exception would rather encourage the non- 
settlement of them, and be contrary to her uniform po- 
licy ' It would also be repugnant to the principles of 



1832.] 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



107 



•quality and justice. The state is bound to protect 
every one of its citizens in the enjoyment of those 
riglits which he has to property within its territory, as 
Well as of tlioie that belong' to his person. In return 
for this protection, he is hound again to contriliute to 
the support of the st;ite, which is to be done in part by 
payiujf the taxes tliat are assessed. Ag.iin, it is 
just and equal, that in proportion as the properly 
is more or less valuable, in the right to the enjoy- 
ment of which he claims to be secured by the state, lie 
should in the same proportion pay to the support of the 
expenses of the stiite' If so, he ougfht to pay taxes as- 
sessed upon unimproved town lots as well as upon any 
other species of property — otherwise one man may hold 
property worth fifty thousand dollars in the stiite, con- 
sisting' of unimproved and unseated town lots, and pay 
no taxes, while anotlier, holding unimproved and un- 
seated lands consisting of what are commonly called 
traclH of land wortlmot more than twenty thousand dol- 
lars, lias to pay annually one hundred, or from tluit sum 
to two hundred dollars, which would be most unjust 
and unequal. No reason why town lots should not be 
assessed, has been attempted to be given; and indeed, 
it is difficult to conceive any, while on the contrary, 
justice, as well as sound policy requires that they 
should. 

If then, they m.ay be lawfully assessed, as I think 
they may, that is, I consider that tlie legislature has di- 
rected them to be assessed, as often as anv other real 
estate in the same county is to be, so it certainly will be 
thought stran!<e, if the legislature have provided no ef- 
ficient mode for the collection of such taxes; yet if un- 
improved, vacant and unseated town lots cannot be 
sold for taxes due and in arrear upon them, most cer- 
tain it is that the legislature have omitted or failed to 
provide such a remedy. It was found impossible Xo 
collect the taxes due upon unseated tracts of land, by 
any other mode than a sale of them. Hence that was 
provided. If the owners of unseated /n/c^? of land, ne- 
glected paying the taxes upon them, and it therefore 
became necessary to authorize a sale of them, what 
reason can be imagined, why the same neglect would 
not happen in the case of imseated or unimproved town 
lots' Every one of any experience in this matter 
knows, that the difficulty of getting the taxes paid in 
those cases is the same, and tliat without an .authority to 
sell in both cases, it is utterly impracticable to collect 
or obtain the taxes due upon such property. It cannot 
be presumed for a moment, that this was not as well 
known to the legislature, as any other part of the com- 
munity. Neither can it be believed that they intended 
taxes to be assessed upon these town lots, without any 
design that they should be collected. If there can be 
no other mode by which they can be collected, it 
will be a strong reason for believing that the Icijis- 
lature intended and designed it, if there be any thing to 
be found in their acts in tliis behalf, that will bcnr such 
a construction. 

It has been contended by the counsel for the pLaintiff 
in error, tliat no part of any of the acts of Assembly 
authorizing the sale of unseated lands for taxes, are 
the words " tul" or "piece of ground" or "town lot" 
used or expressly mentioned. That as often as the le- 
gislature have undertaken to describe what kind of un- 
seated lands they intended should be sold for t.axcs, 
they have uniformly spoken of them as 'tracts' which 
do not give us the idea or include a town lot. To all 
this it may be answered that they have almost invariably 
throughout all the acts in directing the sale of unseated 
lands for taxes, used the terms "unseated hinds." The 
second section of the act of the 3d of .\pril, 1804, ex- 
pressly directs, that "all unseated landa within this com- 
monwcalth, held by individuals, companies or bodies 
corporate cither by improveaient, warrant, patent or 
otherwise, shall for the purpose of raising country rates' 
and levies be valued and assessed in the same manner as 
other property," and in a subiequeitt part of the same 



section, provides and autliorlses a sale of tlicm, calling 
them again "unsealed lands." ami not i-eferring to them 
by the term '■•trad ur Irae's." Indeed 1 cajuiot discov- 
er where, in any otheract on this'subject tlie term "tract 
or tracts," has been used seemingly for the purpose of 
dstinguishing tliem or that species 6i unseated lands 
from unimproved and unseated town lots or any other 
unseated lots of ground; and certainly in no part of any 
of the acts is it used for the purpose of showjng that 
town lots unseated were not to be sold for taxes as un- 
seated lands. I think it very clear thit the legislature 
has not made any distinction between a lot of ground 
and a tract of land, whether seated or unseated; all are 
to be taxed, aiul if the taxes are not paid upon the un- 
seated, they are to be sold. A distinction between an 
unseated tract and town lot docs not appear to me to 
be attempted or aimed at in any place. 

The great argument of the counsel for the plaintiff 
in error is, tli.at the term ' 'town lut" is not used in desig , 
natingthe real estate that shall be sold for the non-pay- 
ment of taxes. But the terms "alt un.teated landu" 
necessarily embrace lots, town lots and tracts, without 
distinction; and directs that all shall be sold for taxes 
unpaid; so that the counsel for the plaintiff in ei-ror 
ought to have gone further and have shown th.at town 
lots were expressly exempted after the use of terms 
which most explicitly embraced them. The act of the 
23th March 1814 is said to be a legislative declaration 
of what the law is on this subject, and that they must 
have thought that there was no act authorising the sale 
of unimproved and unseated town-lots or they would 
not have passed that act, which had no other object in 
view than to authorize the sale of such lots in the coun- 
ty and city of Philadelphia. This act seems to have 
been passed upon a special application as clearly ap- 
pears from its preamble; and most likely was passed to 
satisfv the doubts or notions of the applicants. It is 
not probable tliat it was passed after any particular in- 
\'estigation of the subject by the legislature. For I 
cannot but think that if they had examined the matter 
carcfulh', they would have been satisfied tliat the then 
existing laws authorized a sale of such property for 
taxes due upon it; or if not, they would have immedi- 
ately- passed a general act upon the subject, authorizing' 
it throughout the state. Acts of the legislature have 
been passed sometimes, merely declarative of what the 
l;iw was before. 1 his is done sometimes upon the sug- 
gestion of those who may doubt about what the law is 
on the subject; or may be mistaken altogether in re- 
spect to it. I know that vacant and unseated town lots 
in some counties of the state have long since been as- 
sessed for taxes and sold as unseated lands; and I can 
perceive no reason why it should not be so, since tliey 
are obviouslv embraced in the general terms of the .act 
of 1804 on this subject which directs Mo/ o// unsealed 
landi sltdll be /oxcrf, and if these taxes are not paid in 
due time, that they shall be sold. 

The judgment of the court below is ri&ht, and must 
be affii'med. — Venango Democrat. 



PKOCEEDINGS OF COfNCILS. 

Thursday, Feb. 2, 1832. 

COMMON COUNCIL.— Mr. Rtas presented a pe- 
tition fi'om Thomas Lancaster & Son, praying for a re- 
newal of the lease for Spruce street wharf, which was 
rcferrM to the committee on the Drawbridge lot. ^ 

Mr. Patterson presented the following remonstrance 
against the erection of a market house in High street, 
which was referred to tlic Special committee appointed 
on that subject. 

Te the Select and Common Councils of the City of Phi- 
ladelphia. 

Your memorialists, inhabitants and owners of pro- 
perty in the Western section of Philadelphia, reipect- 



408 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[FiBBFAar 



fully represent. That they have seen with regret a pe- 
tition presented by sundry individuals, praying for the 
establishment of a Market House in High street, be- 
tween Thii'teenth and Juniper sti'eets. They would re- 
spectfully suggest to Councils, that a large and increas- 
ing country business is transacted within the aforesaid 
limits, which would be totally destroyed by such an ar- 
rangement, as it would then be impossible to load and 
discharge the large wagons that are used as a means of 
conveyance for bulky goods. That this trade must be 
lost to the city by the attraction presented by the North- 
ern districts for the facihties of trade, or at least divert- 
ed to some other section, which would be unjust to many 
of your memorlahsts. That a market house erected as 1 
prayed for, would be a serious Impediment to the trans- 1 
portation of goods to and from the lower part of the ci- 
ty, thereby producing great detention and embarrass- 
ment to all who transact business in Market street. It 
is known to most of our citizens, that the great superior- 
ty of our markets is attributable to their concentration; 
tiiat marketSjlike capital, when too much disseminated, 
do not fulfil to the utmost, the objects for which they 
■were established: — and, as an illustration of this fact, 
vour memorialists would call to the remembrance of 
Councils, that a market house was established some ten 
years ago, in the immediate vicinity of this site th.at is 
now prayed for by your petitioners — that it was scarce- 
ly ever occupied or attended, and that about three years 
since, by the order of your honourable bodies, it was re- 
moved as not benefiting the community for which it was 
intended. In conclusion, your memorialists beg leave 
to question the necessity of creating any additional mar- 
ket house at this time, as the side walks as far west as 
Centre Square are occupied as marketplaces by those 
who supply the markets, who furnish our citizens with 
every marketable article excepting fish, that can be 
purchased any where else within the city. 

Should Councils, however, in their wisdom, deter- 
mine to establish additional buildings for markets, \-our 
memorialists would be doing themselves and their fel- 
low citizens great injustice not to urge upon Councils, 
the propriety of continuing the line of markets from 
Eighth street west as they may be required, instead of 
leaving a large space of 4 squares unoccupied — which 
would be the case were the prayer of your petitioners 
granted; or if that is not deemed expedient, to locate a 
market on one of the corners of Penn Square. And 
your memorialists will ever pray. 

Mr. Sexto:? presented the annexed letter from Mr. 
Jacob S. Wain, which was referred to the Paving Com- 
mittee. 

Te the Select and Common Councils of the City of Phi- 
ladelphia. 

Gentlemen: I beg leave to draw your attention to 
the situation of Locust street, near tlie river Schuylkill. 
Locust St. at this place was originally considerably be- 
low the City regulation, and in consequence the earth 
taken out of other streets was thrown there, no doubt 
with a view of raising the street to Its proper level — but 
being loose earth and nothing to hold it in its proper 
place, it washed .almost immediately into the river, fill- 
ing up the dock and injuring- the property of the sub- 
scriber — this state of things continued until Mr. 
Cooper, tlie present City Commissioner first came 
into office, who, seeing the injury it was doing, plac- 
ed a wall as a guard on the river side, to catch the 
washings of the sand, and mud — but this filling up al- 
most as soon as bmlt, tlie earth and water for these two 
years past has every rain poured over it, deposing the 
sediment into the river, the docks on which it has 
filled up at least three feet and greatly injuring the river 
itself. 

As a fresh quantity of loose earth has lately been 
thrown into this street near Front street, (not by the 
Commissioners) which the winter rains will carry the 
same course, — I have thought proper to give you this 



information, and to j^request your honoi-able bodies may 
take such order thereon as you in your wisdom may 
deem best. 

Very respectfully, yours, &c. 

J. S. AVALN. 
Mr. 'Wetheiiii.l presented the following petition, 
which was referred to the Committee on maikets. 

To the Honorable the Selert and Common Councils of the 
City of Philadelphia, sitting. 
This petition humbly represents, that your petitioners 
free colored citizens of the city of Philadelphia have 
hitherto exercised their trade as porters and carriers, 
with benefit to the public and advantage to themselves; 
that under a provision of your honorable body, they 
have enjoyed as a stand, tlie east side ol Sixth Street, 
below Market street, on the west side of the building 
occupied as the Schuylkill I'ank. But that they did not 
approach the building nearer tlian the curb stone, their 
barrows standing in the street. That by reason of the 
great thoroughfare near which they were stationed, Mar- 
ket St. being a street of great business and activity, 
they have hitherto been able by strict attention and in- 
dustr}' in their calling to jjrocure a comfortable subsist- 
ence, but that their successful exertions have recently 
been most seriously interrupted. The officers of the 
Schuylkill Bank having made an aplicationto the City 
Commissioners, by whom your petitioners have been 
directed to remove from their former position to Minor 
street. Your petitioners in obedience to the order of the 
Commissioners have removed, but have also stated to 
them their objections as herein set forth, but have been 
by the Commissioners referred to your honorable bodies 
for relief. 

To induce jour favourable consideration, your peti- 
tionei-s beg leave to suggest to your honorable bodies, 
that Jllnor street is a small and rarely frequented 
street, in no wise to be compared to Sixth near .Market, 
as a place for the successful prosecution of their calling, 
and demand for their labour; that their former stand 
having been on the side and not in front of the bank, 
and there being no entrance to the Bank, except at the 
front'in ilarket sti'cet, they could not in any way have 
interfered with the ingress and egress of persons hav- 
ing business at the banking house, and that the present 
season belugas is known to your honors one of great 
severity and Inclemency, and the price of fuel being so 
high as to make it though an indispensable yet an al- 
most intolerable charge upon your petitioners, by reason 
of which they are the more painfully rendered' unable 
to contend with any diminution of their resources from 
their trade. And that they hope your honours by these 
considerations may be induced to grant them relief, by 
permitting them under your authority to return to their 
former station. And your petitioners as in duty bound 
will ever pray. 

Mr. •Fritz as Chairman of the committee on Fire 
Companies, made the following report and resolution, 
which after considerable debate were carried. The 
yeas and nays were called for: and the yeas were 
Messrs. Coryell, Fearon, Fritz, Hood, Lehman Moss, 
Okie, Oldenburgh, Page, P.atterson, Ryan, Sexton, 
Sullivan, Wetherill— 14— Nay Mr. Bakei-^1. 

The Committee on Fire Companies to whom was re- 
ferred the petition of sundry citizens, praying for an 
appropriation of three hundred dollars for the purpose 
of erect ing .an alarm bell, in the north-western section 
of the city, beg leave to report, that they have examin- 
ed the prayers of the petitioners and consider it expedi- 
ent to grant the same, and offer the following resolution: 
Resolved, by the Select and Common Councils, That 
the Mayor be, and is hereby authorized to draw his war- 
rant in favour of the Fire Committee, for three hundred 
dollars to be expended under their direction, and charge 
the same to appropriation. No. 21. 
February 9tli, 1832. 
1 he following communication was received from the 



1832.] 



IIAKMONY SOCIETY AT ECONOMT. 



109 



Committee appointed at a Town Meeting of the citizens, 
relative to the celebration of the Centennial Anniversary 
of the Birtli of Washing-ton. 

CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. j 

Sir: The committee of arrangement appointed by the 
citizens of tlie city and county of Philadeljjhia, respect- 
fully request from the Select and Common Councils of 
tlie city an appropriation to aid in defraying- the ex- 
penses of the celebration. 

Bv order and on behalf of the Committee. 

H. D. GILPIN, Chairman. 

Feb. 7, 1832. 

James Pag-e, Esq. 

President of the Common Coimcil. 

Mr. Okie offered the annexed resolution which was 
adopted, and Messrs. Hood, Fritz, Coryell and Sexton 
were appointed the Committee on behalf of tlie Common 
Council. 

Resolved, That a joint committee of four members 
from each Council, be appointed, whose dutv it shall be, 
in conjunction with the committee appointed by the 
citizens at a late town meeting", to make the necessary 
arrangements forthecelebration of the centennarj' anni- 
versary of the birth of the illustrious Washington; and 
that tlie Mayor be authorized to draw his warrant on the 
city Treasurer in their favour, for any sum not exceed- 
ing 2000 dollars, which may be necessary to defray the 
expenses incurred by them, and, that the same be charg- 
ed to .appropriation. No. 21. 

Mr. Lr.n>f IN offered the following preamble and reso- 
lution, which after some debate were laid on the table 
for the present. 

M'hereas the real and personal property of the late 
Stephen Girard, Esq. having been bequeathed to the 
City of Philadelphia in trust, for certain uses, the prin- 
cipal of which is for the purpose of educating and sup- 
porting "White Male Orphan Children:" And whereas 
the city (after erecting a college) has authority only to 
use the income of said estate; which income may in a 
great measure be destroyed, by omitting the prudent 
precaution of insurance: — Therefore in order to pre- 
serve the same from unnecessary risk, and to carry in- 
to effect the views of the liberal testator— Resolved, by 
the Select and Common Councils of the city of Phila- 
delphia, that the Mayor be, and he is hereby authorized 
and directed to have a//said e.statc insured, th.atmay in j 
any w.ay be liable to loss or damage by fire or other casu- 1 
alty. And that in the performance of said -duty he be 
requested to distribute the insurance among the several 
offices of the citv, &c. 

The SELECT COUNCIL did not form a quorum. 



HARMONY SOCIETY" .VT ECONOMY. 

EcosoMT. — We have not heretofore, (says the Pitts- 
burgh, Gazette, referred to the schism which exists in 
this society, still entertaining the hope tliat some ar- 
rangement, s.atisfactory to all parties, might be m.ade. 
From the following advertisement it may be inferred 
that the prospect of a satisfactor)- adjustment of difficul- 
ties is by no means encouraging. 

TO THE AMElilCAN PUBLIC. 

The undersigned. Members of the Harmony Socie- 
ty, at Economy, in the county of Be.avcr, Pennsylvania, 
<leem it their duty thus publicly to make known that 
all the authority or power which has heretofore been 
given, granted to, or exerciscdbv GEORGE RAPP, or 
by his .adopted son, FREDEIfICK RAPP, has ceased 
and determined, ami has been revoked; and th.at their, 
or either of their acts, under such authority, in all trans- 
actions entered into by said George or Frederick Rapp, 
are without the knowledge, assent, or agreement of the 
undersigned, whose interests, as members of the Socie- 
ty, arc cqiia'ly involved, and as much entitled to protec- 
tion as those of any other portion of the community. 

All other Banks,and Corporations,andIndividuiUs,who 



have heretofore transacted business with the said George 
and Frederick Rapp, .is the agents, or on behalf of the 
society, will take notice that all such connection between 
the undersigned and said George and Frederick Rapp, 
has ceased, and the ftinds of the society can no longer 
be resorted to for the satisfaction of debts which may 
have been, or shall be tiius contracted by said Rapps. 

Februan- 1, 1832. 

William Schmid, Christiana Konig, 

Israel Bentel, Henricka Zundel, 

Adam Schule, Fredericka Aigner, 

John Geo. Wagner, Agatho Wolfcr, 

Matthew Klein, Katharina Schmidt, 

Anthony Knapper, Katharina Staiger, 

Jacob Wagner, Katharina Zundel, 

Michael Forstner, Sirena Leucht, 

Christian Schmid, Salome Authrieth, 

Jacob Durr, Sara Forstner, 

Penotus Zundell, EUzabeth Frank, " 

August Schmid, Tryphemae Vogt, 

George Reiff, Margaret Schmidt, 

JohnTrompeter, Margaret Zundel, 

J.acob Zundel, Fredericka Fruh, 

Christopher Hohr, Maria Schmidt, 

August Schmid, Magdalena Schmidt, 

Reimond Gann, Magdiilena Yogt, 

J.acob Welhaf, Frederika Schmidt, 

George Ad.am Jung, Mariah Fruh, 

Jacob Klingenstein, Wilhelmina ISendel, 

John Bauer, Elizabeth Stahl, 

Jacob Krail, Christiana Schnaufer, 

Frederick Fischer, Dcbora Laupple, 

John Luz, Thecla Weissert, 

Conrad Bockle, EUzabeth Zangcr, 

Henry Zelimann, Ehzabcth Fauth, 

George Forstner, Katharina Gerhard, 

Jacob Stroheker, Jacobina Fauth, 

Jacob Konig, Juliana Martin, 

Andrew Widmayer, Christiana Schmid, 

Jacob Vaihinger, Leade Schule, 

Reinhald Frank, Margaret Fritscher, 

Jacob Deim, Barbara Fauth, 

Jacob Stabl, Juliana Zeigler, 

David Konig, Julia Zeigler, 
George Boger, Judith Palmbach, 

Samuel Schreiber, Christiana Gerhai-dt, 

Nahum Staiger, Barbara Laubscher, 

George Heinle, Lora Wolfer, 

George Vogt, Maria Wolfer, 

Jacob Kurx, Katharina Bockle, 

Christoph Martin, Louise Bockle, 

Adam Keller, Jacob Bockle, 

George Adam Fischer, Jeremi,as Bentel, 

Christian Martin, Christina Fauth, 

George Schaal, Christiana Fauth, 

Jacob Schafcr, Johanna Fischer, 

Conrad Knodel, Christian Fischer, 
Henry G,ayer, Henry Fischer, 

Christian Antrieth, Phobcn Fischer, 

Matthew Schvile, Angelic Knapper, 

Henry Laubscher, Mathilda Witlomeyer, 

Adam Marguardt, Caroline Weinburg, 

Tobi;is Schmid, Ullic Weinburg, 
Christoph KJUinger, William Weinberg, 

Jacob Strelt, Joseph Weinburg, 

John Hurz, Elizabeth Lais, 

Arnold Bentel, Loui.sa Lai.'s, 

David Wagner, Jacobina Lais, 
Lewis Epple, George Fischer, 

George Fischer, Katharine Fischer, 

Carl Hopfinger, Matthew Fischer, 

Martin Erb, Hosca Fischer, 
Michael Fegert, Mclchoir Fischer, 

George Weisscrt, Barbara Martin, 
Yost Gerhard, Margaret Barbara Martin, 

Andrew Fauth, Wilhclmine Schmidt, 
Michael Baumann, Frederika Kant 



110 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. 



[FiBBDAnT 



Jacob Sander, 
George Schnaufer, 
Philippe Beiitel, 
Simon Wag-ner, 
Christoph Yost, 
Christoph Lichtenberger, 
John Schnmfer, 
Matthew Fauth, 
Jacob Maienknecht, 
Frederick Welter, 
Conrad Ganii, 
Jacob Marquardt, 
T. Hubert Delhas, 
Christianna Klein, 
Maria Forstner, 
Katharina Kurz, 
WUhelmina Krauss, 
Rengina Bentel, 
Margarette Jung, 
Sara Stahl, 
Dorothy Klein, 
Ernestine Bockle, 
Jacobina Klein, 
Magdalena Ehniaa, 
Maria Forstner, 
Wilhelmina Fischer, 
Barbara KiUinger, 
Anna Katharine Fischer, 
Katharina Laubscher, 
Catharina Schmidt, 
Ma.ig't Barbara Martin, 
Kredericka Schmid, 
Katharina Erb, 
Eva I'ruh, 
Verona Weinberg, 
Margaret Martin, 
Barbara Fischer, 
Jacobina Schmid, 
Wilhelmina Durwachter, 
Fredericka Schmid, 



Eugena Bauer, 

Margaret Trantwein, 
Kegma Schafer, 
Salome Ei-b, 
William Erb, 
Lewis Erb, 
Frederik Zeltmann, 
Jeremias Stag, 
Peter Stag, 
Will am Stag, 
Margaret Kraus, 
Elizabeth Fruh, 
Caroline Erb, 
Marzellus Heinle, 
Jacobina Fauth, 
Elizabeth, Fauth, 
George Ziegler, 
Franz Ziegler, 
Leonard Siegler, 
Philippe Laubscher, 
Jacob Laubscher, 
Katharina Kdlinger, 
Olena Killinger, 
Jacob Stiihl, 2d, 
Gotiliefa Bentel, 
John Fritscher, 
Jacob Fritscher, 
George Fritscher, 
Christoph Martin, 
Gotilieb Bentel, 2d, 
David Lais, 
Rudolph Wolfer, 
Christian Martin, 2d, 
Henry Knapper, 2d, 
Christian Martin, 2d, 
Rudolph Keller, 
Jonathan Wagner, 
John Rocher, 
Eva Jung. 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. 

January 17, 1832. 

Sir: I have had the honour of receiving your letter 
of the 12th instant, enclosing a copy of the resolutions 
of the Senate of the United States of the 11th instant, 
and in compliance with it, I now transmit the accom- 
panying documents. 

The "first resolution requires "the names and titles of 
the foreign stockholders in the Bank of the United 
States, with the amount of stock held by each." The 
statement marked A, furnishes that information. 

The second resolution requires "the amount of debts 
due from individuals and bodies corporate to the Bank 
of the United States, distinguishing the amount secured 
by mortgage from that secured by personal security 
alone: and what portions of said debts are considered 
as standing accommodations to the customers the bank 
and all its branches." The statement marked B, 
contains this information. 

The amount of debs secured by mortgage, in the 
statement, relates exclusively to the bank. The amount 
of debts similarly secured at the branches, is not re- 
ported, unless specially required. In order to comply 
■with the resolutions, instructions have been given to the 
oflficers, and when their reports are received, the addi- 
tional statements will be transmitted to you. 

At the bank, no debts are considered as standing ac- 
commodations. The offices will be instructed to re- 
port what portion of their debts are so considered, and 
the result will, in like manner, be forwai-dedto you. 

The third resolution requires "a hstof tlie directors 
of the bank, and of tl>e several branches; a statement of 
the stock held by the citizens of the United States, with 
the number of shares held by each, and the amount of 
specie, according to the last return, in the vavilta of the 
b»nls and iti branches, distinguishing the part which 



belongs to the bank, the portion belonging to indivi- 
duals, and to the United States." The statements mark- 
ed C, D, and E, furnish this information. In regard to 
the last, the bank has no specie in its possession which 
does not belong to it. 

I have the honour to be, 

Very respectfully, yours, 

N. BIDDLE, President. 
Hon. Locis M'L.tifE, 

Secretary of the Treasury, 7 
Washington, D. C. 5 

The following is an abstract of an interesting report, 
recently presented by the Secretary of the Treasury to 
the Senate, respecting the United States Bank: — 

The Secretary of the Treasury, dated January 23d, 
in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, directing 
him to communicate, if able, a list of the foreign Stock- 
holders in said Bank — the amount of debts due the 
Bank and its Branches, from individuals and bodies cor- 
porate — a list of the Directors of the Bank and its seve- 
ral Branches — the names ot the domestic Stockholders, 
with the amount held by each, and their places of resi- 
dence. The Secretary of the Treasury not having in 
his possession the means of answering these inquiries, 
addressed a note to the President of the Bank, soliciting 
tlie information, which was promptly furnished. 

It appears that the amount of stock held by foreign- 
ers, is 84,055 shares; equal to $8,405,500, without in- 
cluding the premium. , The heaviest foreign Stock- 
holders are as follows: — Journal of Com. 

— Shares. 

7915 
3878 
2500 
1829 
1236 
1784 
1200 
1003 
1000 
1000 
924 
900 
875 
S64 
815 
800 
722 
716 
649 
637 
600 
593 
550 
540 
538 
537 
510 
502 
500 
500 
500 
500 
500 
500 
371 
311 
300 



Baring, Brothers, St Co. 

John Marshall, 

Charles Dixon, 

Thomas Coterall, et. al. trustees, 

Sparks, & Co. 

Benjamin Heywood, 

Jonathin Austin, 

Francis C. S. Conway, Marquis of Hertford, 

James Drake, Havana, 

Abel Smith, 

John Martin & Co. 

Don Jose Zafre, 

Samuel Sherwood, 

James Pierson, 

Cropper, Benson & Co. 

Ko!K-!-t Philips, 

Gen. Sir William Keppel, 

Ann Redfeen, 

Maj. Gen Macdonald, 

Mrs. Condelaria Bell, 

Lord Erie Reery, 

John Van Haize, 

James H. William, P. & Wm. H. Anderson, 

Thos. P. Ackland, 

Thomas Sexton, 

James Brown Leeds, 

Edward Ball Hughes, 

Sir Edward Tucker, 

J. L. Lane, 

E. Stoth, 

Lt. Gen. Sir Marmaduke W. Peacocke, 

John Overend, 

Hudson Gurney, 

R. 8c J. T. Barclay, 

Sir Colin and Sir Richard H. Campbell, 

Rev. Geo. Gordon, D. D. Dean of Lincoln, 

James Dunlop, 

There are 30 40 others, besides tiiose we have enu- 
merated, holding from 300 to 500 shares. The whole 
number of foreign stockholders is 470. 

The amount of bills discounted by the 

Banks and its Branches, on personal 

security is $48,758,570 54 

Bills discounted on funded debt, 18,850 00 



1835.] 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES— HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Ill 



Bills on Rank stock, 731,157 53 

Domestic bills of exchang-f, 16,691,129 34 

Mortgiig-es, 205,396 69 



$66,405,103 87 



Due from SUte Banks, 3,944,847 74 

The domestic stockholders, of the Bank are as we 
count them, 3502 in number, residing- in the following- 
States. The number of shares held in each State, is 
given in the second column. 

No. of No. of 

States. Stockholders. Shares. 

Maine, 14 498 

Vermont, 2 27 

New Hampshire, 24 511 

M.issachusetts, 5 Besides Boston 53 ? ^^ 

' i Boston, 158 3 

Connecticut, 60 1,539 

Rhode Island, 36 1,218 

New York, ^ ^^f"^ '^^ <='*y.' ^69 ^ ^^^ggj 

New Jersey, 75 2,787 

Pennsylvania, 872 51,028 

Delaware, 42 1,531 
Maryland, 5 Besides Baltimore, 119 ? 
■^ ' <^ Baltimore, 505 5 

District of Columbia, 61 2,725 

Virg-inia, 268 11,617 

North Carolina, 36 2,391 
S. Carolina, ^ Besides Charleston, 176 ^ 

'(Charleston, 554 i iu,^-r« 

Oeorg-ia, 42 1,981 

Ohio,' 14 556 

Kentucky, 22 252 

Tennessee, 5 258 

Indiana, 2 50 

Illinois, 2 167 

Louisiana, 17 119 

Arkansas, 1 42 



Dom. Shareholders, 3602 Shares 195,620 

Foreign Shareholders, 470 84,855 

United States, 70,000 

In transitu between tlie different Transfer Offi- 
cers, 325 



Total, 



350,000 



These, at $100 each, makes the amount of capital, 
viz: §35,000,000. Present premium per share, $1.?4J 
10^124}. Some of the largest domestic stockholders 
arc as follows: 

Shares. 

Stephen Glrard, 6331 

Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, 2683 

Robert lUlston, of Philadelphia, 2026 

Wm. J. Barksdalc, Virginia, 1500 

Bernard M. Carter, Pennsylvania, 1417 

John Potter, South Carolina, 1400 

Wm. G. Bucknor, New York, 1168 

Don Francis Layzier, do. 1150 

Peter Harmony, do. 957 

Lewis Kershaw 8c Co. S. C. 942 

John G. Coster, New York, 900 

Mills Smith, do. 875 

Lemuel Taylor, Marj-land, 860 

Clendening, New York, 850 

Don Francis de Lazua, do. 850 

B. & J. Bohlen, Pa. 839 

Daniel C. Verplank, New York, 805 

Stephen Bulkley, S. C. 800 

P. Brown, N. C. 787 

AVm. Patterson, Md. 730 

Robert Gilmore, do. 703 

Mrs. Ann Donnell, do. 700 



Prime, Ward& King',N. Y. 
Wm. Coleman, Pa. 
John Gibbs, do. 
Brown, Brothers 8t f'o. 
Thomaas C. Vanderhout, S. C. 
J.-imesD. Wolf, 
Wm Brown, Ha. 
Gardner Greene, Boston, 
Col. Wm. Alston, S. C. 
Wm. Wightman, do. 
Isaac Smythe, Md. 
Coster & Carpenter, N. Y. 
Thomas P. Cope, Pa. 
Paul Beck, Jr. do. 
Mi-s. Marv .\nn Gilmore, S. C. 
Robert F.' Stockton, N. J. 
Wm. Alkin, Charleston, 



683 
680 
650 
650 
638 
632 
630 
600 
600 
600 
581 
531 
520 
513 
510 
500 
500 



The amount of specie on hand at the Bank of the 
United States, and its several Branches, on the 1st of 
Jan. 1832, wasas follows: — 

B.Tnk United States, . . §2,811,640 83 

Otnce Portland, . . ■^q ^y^ "9 

" Portsmouth, . . 50',0U 78 

" Boston, - . 328,377 58 

Providence, - . 102,627 74 

" H-irtfoid, - . 28,094 00 

' New York, . . 664,686 64 

Baltimore, - . 228,000 00 

Washing^ton, . . 54 gio 54 

R'chniond, - . 197,212 02 

Norfolk, . . 1,2 159 38 

K^yetteville, - . jg 943 „ 

Charleston, . . 271,468 80 

.. °f';*""=''>' - - 376,642 24 

,< T A . ■ - ^^'^^^ 72 

' New Orleans, - . 510,346 06 

Natchez, . . 57 825 83 

St. Louis, . . 136,897 51 

Nashville, . . 167.866 36 

Louisville, . . 217,431 25 

; Lexington, - . 91^513 28 

P'«^hurg, - . 3j 8(j9 84 

Biitlalo, . . 105,232 46 

. ^ v'^ ' ■ ^7,750 66 

Burlingion, . . 72,422 48 

Agency Cincinnati, 
Agency Chillicothe, 

Total, $7,038,823 12 

From the MS. documi-nli in pni„„iun of iht 
HISTORICAL SOCIETV OF PE\XSYLVAMA. 

.1 Proclamation concerning iht Caves of Philadelphia, 

By Win. Penn, Proprietory and Gorernor, &c. 
William Pexs, PnopniiTon A>n GovEnson, 

AVhereas I did at first inregard of tlie infancy of things 
and especially out of tenderness to the poorer sort per- 
mit divers caves to be made in the Bank of Philadelphia 
fronting Delaware river for a present accommo<Ution, 
and perceiving that they are commonly disposed of from 
one to another, as a kind of property, and taking- farther 
notice of the great detriment that is like to insue to the 
street by the continuation of Uiem as well as the disor- 
ders that their great secre.sy hath given occasion to loose 
people to commit in them, I do hereby desire and strict- 
ly order and warn all the inhabitants of the said caves to 
depart the same witliin two months after tlie publication 
hereof, and require my trusty and loving- friends and 
commissioners. William .Markham, Thomas EUii and 
John Goodson, or any two of tlitm to see that tlie same 
be accordingly effected. And that no damage may re- 



112 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



[FzBatAtlt 



dound to the public, by my former indulgence, the said 
commissioners are hereby ordered to cause a survey to 
be taken of the state of the said caves, that such who 
have lived in them may be obliged to secure the Bank 
and state from any damage that may happen from them. 
It being but a reasonable thing that those who have had 
the benefit thereof should indemnify the public, of 
wliich all persons concerned are to take notice and yield 
their due obedience as they will answer the contraiy at 
their peril. 

Given at AVorminghui-st Place, in Old England, the 
24th of the 11th month, 1686. 

John Key being the first born in Philadelphia, peti- 
tions the Board that according to the proprietary's pro- 
mise it is said he may have a lot in tlie city and 500 acres 
of land granted him being now of age. A warrant from 
the proprietary's dated 26th, 3d month, 1683 appears 
for a lott to his father, which they say was laid out in 
Mulberry street. Ordered therefore that a warrant be 
issued for re-surveying these lots, but nothing appear- 
ing for the further aforesaid pretended promise of land 
'tis referred to the Proprietary. 

8th month, 22d, 1705. 

From the Minute Book df the Commissioners of Pro" 
perty. page 284. 

The following document appears to have been a let- 
ter of introduction in favor of the "Free Society of 
Traders," from William Penn to the Indians, under the 
Title of the "Emperor of Canada." On page 396 of vol. 
1. of this work, will be found a letter to the same per- 
sonage, from N.More,thepresident of that Society, dated 
two days earlier than the present letter, and which is 
probably the one alluded to in the preceding paper. 
TO THE EMPEROR OF CANADA. 

The Great God that made thee, and me and all the 
world incline our heai-ts to love, peace and justice that we 
may live friendly together as becomes the workmanship 
of the great God. The Iving of England who is a great 
prince hath for divers reasons granted to me a large 
country in America which however I am willing to in- 
joy upon friendly terms with thee. And this I wUl say 
that the people who comes, with me are a just, plain, 
and honest people, that neitlier make war upon others, 
nor fear war from others because they will be just. 
I have set up a Society of Traders in my province to 
traffick with thee and thy people for your Commodities 
that you may be furnished with that which is good at 
reasonable rates: And that Society hath ordered their 
President to treat with thee about a future Trade, and 
have joined with me to send this messenger to thee with 
certain presents from us, to testify our willingness to 
have a fair correspondence witli thee: And what this 
Agent shall do in our names we will agree unto. 1 hope 
thou will kindly receive him and comply with his de- 

•es on our behalf both with respect to Land and 
ide. The Great God be with thee. Amen. 
WM. PENN. 

^iLip Theodore Lehkan, Secretary. 
ion,the 21st day of the Fourth month, > 
called June, 1682. 5 



The foregoing is a copy of an original document re- 
maining in the Land Office of Pennsylvania at Harris- 
burg. S. WORKMAN. 

REPORT ON IRON. 

The Speaker laid before the Senate a letter from the 
President of the Board of Canal Commissioners, viz: 

Hon. William Hawkins, 

Speaker of the Senate. 

Sir — In the reply to the resolution of the Senate of 
the 31st January last, requiring the canal commission- 
ers to furnish to the Senate a statement of the quantity 
of iron contracted for by them for rail-road purposes, 
the price per ton agreed to be paid, of whom and when 
piu'chased, and whether of American or foreign manu- 
facture, the canal commissioners have the honor to 
REPORT: 

That they invited proposals by public advertisement, 
for furnishing iron for 32^ miles of single track of the 
Columbia and Philadelphia rail-road: the proposals to 
be received at Downingtown, on the 11th of May last. 
A few persons only offered to furnish iron, and their of- 
fers were predicated upon importing the iron from Eng- 
land. Not one proposal was received to furnish the 
iron of American manufacture. 

Three hunch-ed and twenty tons of flat bars, for laying 
10 miles upon the Eastern division, sill plan, have been 
contracted for with Haven and Smith, sliipping mer- 
chants, of Philadelphia. The whole of tliis' iron has 
been contivicted for in I'ngland, at £6 17 6, per ton. 
The contract was entered into on the 18th day of July 
last,stip>ilating that the contractors are to make purchases 
in England on the most favorable terms for tlie com- 
monwealth, and to be paid the amount of cost and charges, 
with two andahalf per centcommission, upon tlieiron be- 
ing landed on the Wharf at Philadelphia; of this parcel 
178tons,3cwt. lqr.211bs was delivered before the closing 
of the Delaware, this quantity is settled for and cost 1*8729 
79 or at the rate per ton of S48,94J. It is understood 
that this is lower by some dollars per ton than the cost 
of any rail road iron heretofore imported. It has been 
ascertained that the balance ef this contract is now in 
vessels at the capes and ujjon the clearing out of the 
ice will be landed at Philadelphia, 

A conti-act was also made on the 18th of July, 1831, 
with A. and G. Ralston, Shipping Merchants of Pliila- 
delphia, for 1335 tons of iron edge rails, to be used on 
ten rpiles of the Eastern division, and on tliirteen miles 
of the Western division — also, for 432 tons of castings 
for pedestals or chairs and the requisite quantity of pins 
and wedges to be used in laying down the single track- 
way of the above 23 miles under the stone block and 
edge rail plan. The contract stipulates that the Con- 
tractors are to make the necessary purchases in Eng- 
land on the most favourable terms for the Common- 
wealth, have the iron manufactured and shipped, with 
the least possible delay, and that they are to be paid 
upon its being landed in PhUadelpliia, the amount of the 
costs and charges, together with two and half per cent, 
commission. One of the partners is now in England, 
attending to the manufacture and shipping of this iron, 
advices from whom have lately been received, stating 
that a contract has been entered into in England, for 
furnishing the iron edge rails, at £6 17 6 per ton, from 
which it will be perceived, that the whole of the railing 
has been contracted for at the same price. A part of the 
edge rails has been shipped and would have been land- 
ed, had not the river Delaware closed at an earlier period 
than usual. The exact cost per ton of the edge rails 
cannot be ascertained at the present time. The price 
can however vary but little from that of the flat b.ars 
and the variation if any, it is presumed will only be 
caused by a difference in the price of freight. 

By order of the Board of Canal Commissioners, 

JAMES CLARKE, President. 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DE 


TOTED 


TO Tni 


PJ 


ESEHTATIOS OP EVEUT KIND Oi 


USEFCl INFORMATION RESPECTINO 


THE STA 


TE. 


EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 


VOL.; 


IX.- 


-NO. 


8. 


PHILADELPHIA, 


FEBRUARY 25, 


1832. 


NO, 


217. 



gone. There were no pine boards for architecture as at the 
present day; and tlie joists, window and door frames were 
made of oak; what little pine was in it, was obtained 
from logs found in the river, and «awed at a mill on 
Strickler's Run, owned by Xatlianiel Barber. There 
was also a fulling-mill on the same stream owned by S. 
Barber. The land back from the river was settled prin- 
cipally by Germans; Forty's, Strickler's, Sherrick's Gu- 
ber's,&c. Their first purchase was from an old woman na- 
med Marl/ Dilc/ier, who used to go through the country 
making what was then called improvements — a few sticks 
piled together, a fire kindled,andapot hungoveritjCon- 
stituted a first right. Those who could pay for the land 
had first choice, but these improvements were general- 
ly bought for a trifle by those able to pay for tlie lands. 
This old Mary Ditcher seems to have been rather a sin- 
gular personage. She is described as wandering tlirough 
the woods, leading an old horse, her only property, with 



FIRST SETTLEMENT OF COLUMBIA. 

From MSS. documents in possession of the Historical 

Society of Pennsylvania. 

A brief statement of facts relating to the first settlement 
of Columbia, Lancaster county, I'ennsylvania, by 
AiiTnun B. BnADFORn, who says in his letter accom- 
panying the communication, that "the facts were 
gathered chiefly from a manuscript journal, belong- 
ing to the great gi-and-daughter of Robert Barber, the 
first settler." 

Recollections of the First Settlement of Columbia, Lan- 
caster County, Pa. 
About the year 1726-7, Robert Barber of Chester, 
came to tliis place, and took up (as it was then called) 
1000 acres of land on tlie river Susquehanna, (pur- 
chased I think from Jeremiah Langhorne, tlie agent of 
the proprietor,) bounded north by Chiques hill, S. E. j her knitting in her hand, and clad in a garment cliiefly 
by what was afterwards called Patton's hill. The jour- of sheepskin. 1 his was called Hempfield township, 
ncy from Chester in those days was thought a very I from the great quantity of hemp raised tliere. The 
great undertaking, the country being uninhabited by j township below was called jl/a/jor, from lands reserved 
any except Indians, whose wigwams were scattered by the proprietors, and called in imitation of tlie English 
promiscuously. In the following year, (1728,) three ; custom, the Proprietor's Manor. The settlers adjoining 
fui-mers actuated by a laudable spii-it of adventure, came were Irish families named Patton, who gave name to the 
from Chester to make their homes in the wilderness, hill and the current below, called Putton's current. It 
Samuel Blunston,the richest of the three, purchased 500 has been said there was once a great slaughter of the 
acres of the land taken up by U. Barber, next the North Indians at that place, by a party of cruel men headed 
Hill: he built on the rising ground occupied at present i by a person named Bill. In the neighbourhood, were 
by Samuel Heise. The house was torn down a few many places said to be the giaves of tlie Indians, and 
years since, to make room for the building which now it was beUeved that a piece of cannon lay sunk in the 
stands on the spot. John AVright, took the middle i current. Below this tlie settlers were Germans — Stinc- 
part (about 200 acres;) he built where Misses E. and A. m.in's, KaufTmau's, Hare's, Kupley's, Sec. 1 he town- 
Wright now reside, (2d st. opposite the Catholic cha- ship above was called Donegal by tlie Irish settlers, 
pel.) The house has been much altered and repaired, Anderson's, Cook's, Tate's, Hays's. Anderson's ferry, 
but the greater part of it is still the same he built. He where M.arietta now stands, is well known. Many 
came from Manchester, England, among tlie earlv set- changes have taken place since the first selling of the 
tiers in 1714; was a preacher in the Friends' Society, [ lands. Where Robert Barber first built, there was an 
and was judge of the county court for many years. Ho- ' island opposite the land, with large trees growing on it, 
bert Barber retained tlve remaining 300 acres next the , but since torn away by the ice. The winters being 
lower hill — he came from Yorkshire, England — he fol- | very severe the ice was very thick, and in tlie general 
lowed the sea for many years, and had been a prisoner '. breaking up those trees were gradually torn up, and 
in France. He built the brick house now occupied by carried ofi". At such times the water rose to a great 
John Hinklc — he w-as sherifi"of the county, and it was | height aVove where the row of storehouses now stands, 
intended the scat of justice should have been here, in The old Indians said, they remembered tlie river rising 
consequence of which he built a prison near his house to the second bank with a break of ice; and Mr. Barber 
— a strong log building, which was pulled down not , has ploughed up muscle shells, at that distance from the 
many years since. James, afterwards Sir James Anncs- river. Near the point of Turkey hill, were what was 
ley, was once confined therc.having run away from his called the s/iad rocks.' where shad were caught with dip 
master, (his storj- is well known.) R. Barber had a nets, ever)' one paying a set price for a dip. The first 
•on bearing his own name, who built a house which has ' shad caught with a seine, WM between 1760 and 65, on 
Vol. IX. 15 



114 



FIRST SETTLEMENT OF COLUMBIA. 



[FEBBDinr 



the east side of the river below the old feriy course. 
A sturgeon was once caught in a fish basket in the low- 
er falls. 

The ferry across the Susquehanna was very early es- 
tabUshed. Two large canoes lashed together were 
used at first to take a wagon across, which had to be 
unloaded. In 1750, it was much improved and rented 
for £100 per annum, with the ground attached to it. 

John Wright's stone house was built between 1740- 
50, also the little stone mill at the mouth of Shawnee 
run, (still standing,) this latter was built by James 
Wright. There was flour made at this mill, for the use 
of Braddock's army— it was packed in small casks for 
the purpose, and carried on pack-horses, a cask on 
each side — it was taken to what was then called Rays- 
town and fort Duquesne, (now Pittsburg. ) 

The people who had liu-ed a time with the owners of 
the lands, or had been much employed by them, seem- 
ed to claim a kind of patronage from their masters, and 
usually contrived to get a small house with a garden, 
and potatoe patch. Their rent was so many days work 
in harvest, or other farmers work: many of them were 
tradesmen — weavers, shoemakers; and were paid for 
their work in grain, &c. Harvest wages were half a 
bushel of wheat; raising grain was not the principal ob- 
ject with the farmers, for there was no mai-ket for it: 
hops and hemp were the sources of profit. Slany of 
these persons were Germans (redemptioners. ) The first 
Friends' meeting-house was built in the upper part of 
the town, (Union street,) Catharine Peyton and Mary 
Peasley, ministers from Ireland, held meeting there — 
they travelled on horseback. 

In the fall of 1755, the inhabitants were greatly 
alarmed on account of the Indians. Braddock's army had 
been defeated and dispersed the preceding summer, 
and it was reported that the Indians were collecting a 
large number of bark canoes attliehead of the Susque- 
hanna, and were coming in gi'eat force to destroy all be- 
fore them. The inhabitants were struck with fear at 
the shghtest noise during the night, as they hourly ex- 
pected the Indians coming down upon them. At last 
they agreed to take the women and children to Phila- 
delphia. They rented a large house to accommodate 
all, and late in the autumn five families and their attend- 
ants, in all about thirty, left their homes through fear 
of the Indians. The men remained however, some of 
them going occasionally during the winter to visit their 
families. The few Indians who were on friendly terras 
with the whites, were also struck with fear at the ex- 
pected invasion, and in consequence fled to Philadel- 
phia, where one of the lobbies of the old state house 
was allowed them for a place of residence. The whites 
who remained, fortified the stone house belonging to 
John Wright, which was tlie strongest in the place. 
The winter passing without an assault from the hostile 
Indians, the families togetlier with the peaceable Indi- 
ans, returned in the spring to their homes. The town 
has never been disturbed by hostile Indians since 
its first settlement. 

In December 1763, the massacre of the poor Conesto- 
ga Indians took place. They were called Conestoga, 



but there were also among them of the Shawnee tribe. 
There w.as one called Shawnee John-, and the httle run 
on whose banks they built their huts, is still caUed 
Shawannah (Shawnee) run. They were here when 
the first white settlers came; were entu'ely peaceable 
and seemed as much afraid of the other Indians as tl'ie 
wliites were — they were great beggars, veiy intimate 
with and much attached to the wliites — ^naming their 
children after their favourite neighbours. The govern- 
ment of Pennsylvania liad got into other hands, and the 
mild and peaceable nature of the administration of Penn 
was changed for one more hostile to the poor Indians. 
The Friends did all tliey could to prevent it, but in 
ivan. Slany thought they ought to be destroyed uncere- 
moniously. Accordingly a company of Presbyterians, 
from Pastang township, under tlie name of the Paxton 
Boys, determined to come by night and massacre 
promiscuously the poor Indians, at their town about 
nine miles off, near Turkey hill. Previous to this the 
Indians complained that they were suffering. They were 
afraid to go any distance from their town to sell their 
little wares, as the people began to threaten them. In 
consequence of this, James AVright and a German named 
Herr, who lived near the Indian town, were appointed 
by government, to supply them with flour, and other 
things necessary to their subsistence. . They were ad- 
vised to keep in their town, their clu-istian neighbours 
sympathizing with them: the most of these were Ger- 
mans of the Menonist Society, whose principles like the 
Friends', are against war or volence of any kind. 

Such was the situation of things, when on a snowy 
morning in December, 1763, a German neighbour came 
to Robert Barber's house, .ind requested him to go with 
him in pursuit of some ones who had been at his house 
the night before, and whom he called robbers. They 
had behaved in a veiy disorderly manner, such as melt- 
ing the pewter spoons on the stove, &c. Mr. Barber, 
supposing it had been some persons in a frolic, advised 
his friend to take no notice of it. He had scarcely left 
the house, when five or six men came in, very cold, their 
great coats covered with snow and wet. They left their 
guns standing outside. Mr. Barber was not personally 
acquainted with them, though he knew from what part 
of the country they came. He made up a fire to warm, 
and treated them to the customary morning refresh- 
ments. While they warmed themselves, they inquired 
why the Indians were suffered to live peaceably here — 
Mr. Barber said they were entirely inoffensive, being 
on their own lands, and injuring no one. They asked 
what would be the consequence if they were all destroy- 
ed' Mr. Barber said he thought they would be as 
hable to punishment as if they h.id destroyed so many 
white men. They said, they were of a different opi- 
nion, and in a few minutes went out. In the mean 
time, however, two sons of Mr. B. about 10 or 12 years 
old, went out to look at the strangers' horses, which 
were hitched at a little distance from the house. After 
the men went, the boys came in and said they (the 
men) had tomahawks, tied to their saddles, which were 
all bloody, and that they had Christy's gun, (Christy 
was a little Indian boy about their own age — they 



1832.] 



AFRICAN EDUCATION SOCIETY. 



lis 



were much attached to him, as he was their play- 
mate, and made their bows and arrows, and other 
means of amusement.) While the family .-^11 wondered 
what it could mean, a messenger came froni Herr, 
g-iving information ot tlie dreadful deed. Sir. Barbci- 
and some others went down to see the extent of the 
massacre. Shocking; indeed was the sight! — the dead 
bodies of fourteen poor Indians lay among the rub- 
bish of their burnt cabins, hke half consumed logs! 
Mr. B. after some trouble, procured their bodies to 
administer to them the rights of sepulchre. It was 
said, that at the beginning of the slaughter, an Indian 
motlier placed her little child under a barrel, charg- 
ing it to m.ake no noise — a shot was fired through 
the barrel, which broke the child's arm, and still it 
kept silent. The rest of the Indians to the number of 
28, who were absent from the town at the first mas- 
sacre, were collected together to be reserved for a still 
more distressing fate. They were put into the jail at 
Lancaster, for safety, as it was said; but the merciless 
\\Tetches not satisfied with their first work, went thither, 
and (not in spite of opposition, for there was none 
made,) broke open tlie jail, and cruelly and inhumanly, 
in the most shocking manner destroyed them all — old 
men, women, and cliildren. There was at the time, a 
company of Scotch Highlanders quartered in Lancaster 
— their commander (Cxpt. Robinson,) pleaded for or- 
ders from the authorities to defend the jail, promising 
that none on either side should be hurt, but the magis- 
trates could not be found, though the event occurred 
in day light — whether through fear or that they con- 
nived at it was never known. Their excuses seemed too 
trifling to be admitted — one could not find his wig, and 
tilings of as little importance were pleaded in extenu.a- 
tion of tlicir guilt. An Episcopalian minister in Lan- 
caster, wrote, to vindicate the conduct of the magis- 
trates, bringing scripture to prove that it was right, to 
destroy the heathen — and many others were of the same 
opinion. 

The Paxton Boys after this dreadful and inhum.an 
slaughter, made tlieir boast, that now having procur- 
ed so many scalps, they would go to Philadelphia and 
let the Quakers share tlie same fate. They went, and 
the consequence is well known. 

It \v.\3 always seemed strange that tliese men should 
have been sufl'ered to go unpunished. The disordered 
and chaotic state of the colony at that time prevented, 
however, the speedy and impartial administration of 
justice. 

It was believed, however, that all or most of them, 
came to an untimely end. There was an Indian named 
Bill Sock, who it was said, had been up the river, with 
the hostile Indians who committed outrages on the 
whites during the preceding summer, and that the 
whites were actuated by a spirit of retaliation in the 
massacre of tlie Concstogas. But tliis statement, 
(which would afTord but a trivial excuse for civilized 
men, acting in such a cruel .and inhuman manner if 
true,) is however false, .as Bill Sock was during that 
summer in the employ of Robert B.arber. 

In the year 1757 or 8, a physician (Dr. Moore,) cama 



from Philadelphia to inoculate the children who never 
had had the small pox; being all connected they were 
taken to one house, to make it convenient for tlie Doc- 
tor, lie had forty patients — one or two that did not 
take tlie small pox, by inoculation, died; the rest all did 
weU It was the opinion then, that it would be wrong 
to inocuVgte the second time, lest the subject should 
take the diseitso the natural way, and have a double 
portion. 

Shortly after this date, the tranquillity of tlie town 
was distui-bed by the revolutionary movements; gi-eat 
excitement was felt here, and as the inhabitants were 
moved by a patriotic spii-it, having no, or few arms of 
any kind, their trainings in particular for war, were 
performed with sticks, 84c. 

From this date, the history of the place is on record. 



AFRICAN EDUCATION SOCIETY. 

At a meeting of the coloured people of the city and 
vicinity of Pittsburg, convened at tlie African Church, 
on the evening of the 16th Jan. 1832, J. B. Vashon, 
was appointed Chairman, and Lewis AVoodson, Secre- 
tary. 

The object of the meeting being stated by tlie Chair- 
man, after some further deliberation, tlie following Pre- 
amble and Constitution were adopted. 
PREAMBLE. 
Whereas, ignorance in all ages has been found to de- 
base the human mind, and to subject its votaries to the 
lowest vices, and mostabjcct depravity; and it must be 
admitted, that Ignorance is the sole cause of the present 
degradation and bondage of tlie people of colour in 
tliese United States; that tlie intellectual capacity of 
the black m.T.n is equal to that of the white, and tliat he 
is equally susceptible of improvement, all ancient his- 
tory makes manifest; .ind even modern examples put 
beyond a single doubt. 

We, therefore, tlie people of colour, of the city and 
vicinity of Pittsburg, and state of Pennsylvania, for 
the purpose of dispersing the moral gloom, that has 
long hung around us; have, under Almighty God, as- 
sociated ourselves together, which association shall be 
known by tlie name of tlie Pillsburg African Educntion 
Society, which shall have for the dli-ection of its govern- 
ment, the following 

CONSTITUTION. 
AnxiciE 1. There shall be a President, Vice-President, 
Se<yctary, Treasurer and Board of Managers, con- 
sisting of five, each of whom sh.all be elected annu- 
ally by the members of the Society, at its annual 
meeting, and shall continue in office until tlicir suc- 
cessors are appointed. 
Anx. 2. It shall be the duty of tlie President, to pre- 
side at all meetings of the society, and of the Board 
of Man.igers; to presene orderin its dellbcr.ations,and 
to put all motions, when duly made and seconded, to 
the decision of the meeting; to sigii all orders on the 
Treasurer for money. In the absence of tlia Presi- 
dent, the Vice-President shall perform liis duties. 
AnT. 3. The Secretar\' shall keep a fair record of all 
the proceeding's of the society, .and of the Board of 
Managers, in a bock to be furnished him fortliat pur- 
pose, and shall file .and keep all papers of importance 
to the society; and at the expiration of his office, 
shall deliver over to his successor, all books and pa- 
pere in his care, belonging to the society. 
Art. 4. The Tre.asurcr shall keep all moneys and othf r 
properly belonging to the society, committed to hit 
care, .and .shall keep a fair account thereof, in a book 
to be furnished him for that purpose. His books 



116 



CABINET OF NATURAL SCIENCE. 



[TlBaOART 



shall be open for inspection at any meeting of the soci- 
ety, or of the Board of Managers; and at the expira- 
tion of liis office, he shall deliver over to his success- 
or, all moneys and other property in his possession, 
belonging to the society. 
Aut. 5. It shall be the duty of the Board of Managers, 
to transact the business of the society during its re- 
cess, and to purchase such books as the societj may, 
from time to time, direct. When the society may 
deem it expedient, tliey shall have power to raise 
money by subscription or otherwise, to purchase 
ground, and erect thereon a suitable building or build- 
ings for the accommodation and education of youth, 
and a haU for the use of the society. They shall 
have power to make, alter, or abolish all by-laws and 
regulations necessary for their govermnent; and to do 
whatever else may be conducive to the best interests 
of the society. 
Art. 6. The President, Vice-President, Secretary-, and 
Treasurer, shall be members of the Board of Mana- 
gers, any five of whom shall constitute a quorum to 
do business. 
Abt. 7. Any person subscribing his name to this Con- 
stitution, and paying into the hands of the Treasurer 
the sum of two dollars, shall be a member of this so- 
cietv, which sum the Society may alter, from time to 
time, as they may see fit. 
Art. 8. The Annual Meeting of the society shall be on 
the third Monday in each year, and its Montlily Meet- 
ing, on the second Monday in each month. 
Anx. 9. No alteration shall be made in this Constitution 
without the concurrence of two thirds of its mem- 
bers. 

The following persons were elected Officers of the 
Society for the ensuing year. 

JOHN B, VASHON, President. 
JOB B. THOMPSON, Vice-President. 
LEWIS WOODSON, Secretary. 
ABRAHAM D. LEWIS, Treasurer. 
RICHARD BRYANS, ~1 
WJI. J. GREENLY, jBoard 

SAMUEL BRUCE, S- of 

MOSES HOWARD, | Managers. 
SAM'L. CLINGHAM, J 



CABINET OF NATUR^Vi SCIENCE. 

FIRST ANNUAL REPORT. 
Published bt Ordeh op the Societt. 
At a stated meeting of the Cabinet, held on the 31st 
day of December, 1831, Daniel H. Mulvany, from the 
committee appointed for the purpose, submitted the fol- 
lowing Report, which was approved, and ordered to be 
published; 

At the last stated meeting a Committee was appointed 
to prepare a Report on tlie present state of the Cabinet 
of Natural Science of Jlontgomery county. In dis- 
charging this duty, the committee will premise tliat, as 
this is the first Annual Report ever made on the subject, 
the occasion is deemed appropriate to take a brief v-iew 
of the formation of the Cabinet, its progress up to the 
present period, and the purposes for which it was insti- 
tuted. 

Perhaps the existence of similar institutions in some 
of our neighbouring counties, and a conviction of their 
utility in a pubUc and individual point of view, first sug- 
gested to some of our citizens the idea of estabhshing 
a Cabinet of Natural Science in Montgomery county. — 
But it was not until a series of lectures had been de- 
livered in this borough by Peter A. Browne, Esq. of 
Philadelphia, whose merits as a geologist are extensive- 
ly known and appreciated, that any effectual measures 
were taken for the formation of a Society for the culti- 
vation of natural science. The Interest which this 



gentleman, in his lectures, imparted to the subjects of 
geology and mineralogy, awakened in the minds of 
many a desire to become acquainted with those and oth- 
er branches of natural science, and the facilities which 
the insiitution of a Cabinet would afford, in the acquisi- 
t;an of natural knowledge, were too apparent to be over- ■ 
looked. 

The first public meeting to take into consideration 
the utility of forming a society for the promotion of 
natural science, and for the estabfishment of a collec- 
tion of specimens, in the animal, vegetable and mineral 
departments of nature, was held at tlie house of Mr. 
Levi Roberts, in Non'istown, on the 7th day of August, 
1830. At tliis meeting a committee was appointed, 
and instructed to invite, through the medium of the pub- 
lic papers, the attention of the citizens of this county, 
to the objects contemplated by the meeting In dis- 
charge of their duty, tlie committee prepared and pub- 
hshed an able address on the subject they were instruct- 
ed to present to the public, which had the effect of se- 
curing the co-operation of many inteUigcnt individuals 
in accomplishing the object proposed — the formation of 
a society for the cultivation of natural knowledge. In 
their address which is dated August 20, 1830, the com- 
mittee requested the attendance of tliose disposed to 
become members of such a society, at a meeting desig- 
nated to be held at the house of Levi Roberts on the 4th 
day of September next, subsequent to the date of the 
address. Atthat time and place a meeting was accord- 
ingly held, and a committee of five were appointed to 
prepare articles of Association and Bye Laws for the 
consideration of the next meeting, which, pm-suant to a 
resolution, was to be held at the same place on the 16th 
of the same month, September, 1S30. When the time 
of meeting arrived, the committee to whom the duty was 
entrusted, submitted articles of|Association, which, after 
some slight alterations, were unanimously approved and 
adopted. AVith regard to the Bye-Laws, the committee 
were continued, to make their Report at a future meet- 
ing — and they were subsequently discharged from the 
furtlier consideration of tlie matter, until the charter of 
incorporation, which had been appUed for, coidd be 
obtained from the proper authorities. Pursuant to the 
10th article of association reported by the committee, 
and in accordance with a resolution passed by the meet- 
ing, the foUowing officers were chosen, until the next 
annual election which is to be held this day. President — 
Jonathan Roberts. Vice Presidents — George W. Hol- 
stein, Joseph Foulke. Corresponding Secretary — 
Thomas M. Jolly. Recording Secretary — Alan W. 
Corson. Librarian — Daniel H. Mulvany. Curators — 
John Freedley, Philip Kendall and Joseph Thomas, 
Treasurer — John S. McFarland. Auditors — Charles. 
Jones, George W. Thomas and Hiram Corson. 

The society being thus organized, such committees 
were appointed at subsequent meetings, with specific 
duties assigned them, as were judged expedient to carry 
into effect the objects of the association. The treasurer, 
to whom the duty of procuring the charter of incorpo- 
ration was entrusted, reported at the stated meeting in 
April, 1331, that the articles prepared for the purpose 
had been signed by the Attorney General, the Judges of 
the Supreme C ourt and the Governor, and the charter 
was tlierefore perfected. A committee was then ap- 
pointed to prepare Bye-Laws for the regulation of the 
society. These were submitted at a stated meeting in 
July, 1831 and adopted. A committee was also appoint- 
ed to ascertain and mark the site of the Observatory, 
erected and used by the celebrated David Rittenhouse, 
and which, since the death of that philosopher, had 
been suffered to fall into a state of delapidation. This 
committee reported at a stated meeting in June last, 
that through the politeness of the venerable Maj. Joseph 
Armsti-ong, they were shown the remains of a stone 
building which, according to the account of Maj. Arm- 
strong, whose veracity is to be rehed on, was the same 
used by Mr. Kittenhouse as an Observatory. It is situ- 



1832.] 



CABINET OP NATURAL SCIENCE. 



117 



ated in the township of Norriton, about two and a half 
miles from this borough. 

Since the organization of the society considerable pro- 
gress has been made, in the collection of appropriate 
specimens for the different departments of the Cabinet. 
The minerulogical department is gradually receiving an 
accession to the number of its specimens, which at tlie 
present time is .about 300. For a considerable portion 
of these — some of which arc European — the society is 
indebted to the kindness and liberality of Peter A. 
Browne, Esq. whose exertions in behalf of the Cabinet 
have contributed much to elevate the character of the 
institution. A number of specimens have also been 
presented by Mr. Joseph Thomas, now Casliier of the 
Pottsville Bank, who was formerly one of the Curators, 
and whose active and efficient co-operation aided much 
the foimdation of the present society. Many other indi- 
viduals also, not connected with the society, have evinc- 
ed their good will, and an interest in its behalf, by dona- 
tions of specimens — and among these the munificence 
of Charles A. Poulson, Esq. is gratefully acknowledged. 
This gentlem.an has designed for the Cabinet a splendid 
collection of insects, from China, which arc understood 
to be now at West Chester; and as soon as measures can 
be taken to have them forwarded to this place, they 
will form a jmost valuable acquisition to our museum. 

In the Botanical dep.artment, wc have specimens of 
nearly five hundred plants, which are either indigenous 
or nat\iralized in Montgomcrj' county. For the herba- 
rium comprising these plants the society is indebted to 
the kindness of Miss Ilann.ah Corson, whose donation 
in tills respect is the more valuable from the circum- 
stance th.at no addition has been made to the collection 
of plants made .and presented by her to the Cabinet. 
The fact bowever, that nothing has been added to the 
result of her labours, it is hoped will have the effect of 
directing the attention of the members to the cultiva- 
tion of this science, and of impressing on their minds 
the utility of procuring specimens in botany. If the 
members would form themselves into sever.al parties, 
each party, exploring a ]>articular section, a general 
herbarium might be collected of all the plants of Mont- 
gomery county. Nor would this be the only result of 
suchj an undertaking. In a general botanical excur- 
sion throughout the county, its mineral treasures might 
be explored, and specimens procured, without encroach- 
ing much on the time devoted to the purpose, or adding 
much to the labour, of collecting specimens forthe her- 
barium. The duplicates too, wiiich might be obtained 
in this way, would enable us to furnish specimens to oth- 
er Cabinets and to scientific individuals, in return for 
their favours — and by thus exch.ingingthc natiu'al pro- 
ductions of our own section of tlto county, for tliose 
collected in neighbouring and distant parts, the inte- 
rests of our institution would be materially promoted. 

The Librai-y at present contiiins about 20 volumes, 
among which are Godman's Natural Ilistoiy, Say's En- 
tomology, one volume of Audubon's Ornithological Bio- 
graphy, &c. 

Of the minerals which have been collected by the 
members, or presented by others, but few compara- 
tively have been obt;uned within the borders of our own 
county. When it is recollected, that one of the prf- 
mary objects of our association is, to procure materials 
for a complete history of the natural productions of this 
county — to be enabled to display at a glance, to those 
who shall do us the favour to visit our Cabinet, the ani- 
mals, insects, fishes and birds which inhabit within its 
limits, and particularly those which are least familiar to 
the common eye — the vegetable plants which are the 
sponUuieous growth of our soil, and the mineral trea- 
sures lying on its surface, or imbedded beneath it — it is 
to be regretted that specimens of these various articles 
have not been more generally procured. With regard 
to mineral wealth, our own is a highly favoured county. 
We have inexhaustible quarries of limestone, inferior 



in quality to none in the state, extensive beds of excel- 
lent marble, and iron ore, and mines of copper, lead and 
zinc. There is reason to believe that even these hitve 
not been fully developed, and that there are large quan- 
tities of the same kind of minerals yet undiscovered. 
Perhaps it is not too much to expect that our Cabinet 
may yet be the means of conveying an acciu^te know- 
ledge of the true extent of our resources, in respect to 
tliose minerals, and developing other treasures which 
now remain imbedded inthe earth, their nature, proper- 
ties, and the uses to which they might be applied, being 
alike unknown. 

In several of the branches of natural science — Orni- 
thology, Entomology", Sec. — it must be confessed, we 
have as yet .accomplished little or nothing; but tliere is 
reason to indulge the hope that during the ensuing year 
these important subjects will receive a due share of the 
attention of the members. The prospect bfore us is 
certainly encoiu-aging — and if, in speaking of our opera- 
tions, we have to lament that some of the most impor- 
tant br.anchesof n.atural science have been partially ne- 
glected, yet if we contemplate for a moment the diffi- 
cnlties we have already encountered and overcome, and 
the ennobling purposes for which our Cabinet has been 
instituted, we will find, in these considerations, theliigh- 
est incentive to hope that our efforts, in cultivating and 
promoting a knowledge of the natural sciences, will be 
productive of the most beneficial results. Our Society 
has been in existence a year, and it was not, in the na- 
ture of things, to be expected, that any considerable 
progress should have been made in the cultivation of all 
the diversified branches of natural science. It is suffi- 
cient cause for pleasing reflection, and at the same 
time a high inducement to future and more vigorous 
exertion, that the extensive field on which we have 
entered has been already partially explored, and that, 
with reg.ard to our end and aim, every reasonable an- 
ticipation has been realized. 

The objects for which the Cabinet has been estab- 
lished are such as cannot fail to recommend themselves 
to the best feelings of every intelligent individual in 
the community. To encourage and promote a love of 
natiu-al knowledge in the minds of tlie rising genera- 
tion — to afford to the more experienced votaries of nat- 
ural science, facilities in the prosecution of their studies 
which could not otherwise be- so readily obtained — to 
collect into one common repository, and be enabled to 
exhibit .at a view all the rare and curious specimens, in 
animated n.ature, which can be procured within the 
limits of our country — to form a Museum of shells, fo- 
reign and antiquated coins, Indian and other relics, &c. 
and in which can be deposited all the various specimens 
and distinct species of Montgomery county minerals, as 
well as the kindred productions of neighbouring states 
and distant countries — to possess a Herbarium of all 
the plants, native and naturalized, within our country, 
so that at a future day some American Botanist may be 
assisted to accomplish in that science, what Wilson and 
Audubon have in Ornithologj- — to form an extensive 
Librarj-, by a collection of books and works on subjects 
connected with natural science, for the purpose of illus- 
trating and promoting a knowledge of its various branch- 
es — these are the considerations which have called into 
existence, and wliich must sustain, the present Cabi- 
net. 

The committee cannot close this communication with- 
out requesting the attention of our agriculturists and 
our citizens generally to the objects of our association. 
To the farmer, a knowledge of the minerals he meets 
with in the daily routine of his business, their ch.aracter 
and properties — of the insects which infects and destroy 
tlie produce of his farm, and of the plants and weeds 
which .are valuable or pernicious, in his fields and gar- 
dens, cannot be unimportant For tlie purpose there- 
fore of obviating any deficiency of knowledge, in tlicsc 
respects we would respectfully suggest to our fuincri 



ii8 



Sank of the united states. 



[FEBHUAnT 



and others, that, should they do us the favour to furnish 
specimens of animals or insects, or of minerals and 
plants, with whose names and properties tliej' were un- 
acquainted; the society would cheerf\Uly impart to 
them all the information which the members collective- 
ly would be enabled to give. We would also suggest 
that native productions, either in the animal, vegetable 
or mineral king-dom, wliich are evei\ familiar to our 
citizens, and which may be regarded by them as of 
small importance, will always be acceptable to the Soci- 
ety. If the example of those individuals who have for- 
warded specimens for the Cabinet, were more generally 
imitated, the effect would doubtless be, to confer a re- 
ciprocal benefit to the community and tn the members — 
and these latter would be encouraged in the study of 
natural science, by a consciousness that their efforts 
were appreciated by the pubUc, and that the knowledge 
which they themselves had acquired could be communi- 
cated with profit to othei-s. 

Our society is at present composed of tlnrty members, 
and an addition to the number is to be desired, as it would 
enhance the value and extend the operations of the in- 
stitution. Any member has a right to propose any per- 
son who shall desire it, as a candidate for admission, at 
any of the stated meetings wliich are held on the last 
Saturday of each month in the year, and at the next 
subsequent meeting, such candidate, may be elected a 
member. The only expense necessary to be incun-ed, 
is the institution fee of five dollars, and an annual pay- 
ment of two dollars. On the rising generation the in- 
stitution we have established, must rely in a great mea- 
sure for support and advancement. The earlier period 
of life, before the cares and pursuits of the world ab- 
sorb the attention, is tlie time for improvement; and at 
that interesting period, the energies of the youthful 
mind could not perhaps be better emploj'ed than in the 
acquisition of natural knowledge. The utiUt)- of such 
knowledge will not be denied; and if we may credit 
the concurrent testimony of all who have cultivated na- 
tural science with any degree of success, it is one of the 
most delightful studies in which the human mind can be 
engaged. To young men, then, who are just beginning 
to search into the "fine mysteries of knowledge," whoare 
forming habits of mindi on which must depend, in a 
g^eat measure, their happiness as individuals, their use- 
fulness as citizens, and theu- success in life, and on whom 
wUl devolve in future the responsibility of sustaining 
and exalting the intellectual character of their country, 
an early love for the study of nature is of the last im- 
portance. The boundaries of knowledge are only en- 
larged in proportion as the attention is excited; and 
the mind that in youth, can contemplate with delight 
the works of creation, and have a desire to become ac- 
quainted with the various objects of nature, is fitted to 
achieve the loftiest triumphs of genius and learning, 
and to enjoy at the same time, the highest degree of 
intellectual pleasure of which the human mind is suscep- 
tible. 



BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. 

The following letter was written some time since, and 
was never designed for publication. It accidently came 
into the hands of a New York editor, who oliserving the 
singular manner in which it disproves a charge made 
against the United States Bank, thought it proper to 
lay it before the public. It cannot but serve as an en- 
tire vindication of the Bank from at least one of the ab- 
surd charges that have been prefen-ed against it. 

(PHIVATE.) 

Bank of the United Slates, Sept. 27, 1830. 

Dear Sir, — I have recently received a pamphlet en- 
titled, "Proceedings and the Resolutions and Addresses 
adopted by the State Rights' party in Charleston," 



which contains the follo\ving passages: " We had ar- 
rayed against us the influence of the President of the 
Bank of the State of South Carolina, emphatically your 
Bank, who was among the most zealous in his efforts 
against us, and among the most industrious in his cry of 
civil W"ar, blood, and revolution. The President of the 
Bank of the U. States was not less active, and the head 
which presides over this great Federal Institution was 
seen superintending, with an anxious scrutinj', the polls 
at the election." And again. "But if Charleston be 
fated to be governed by northern traders, officers of 
the Federal Judiciai-y, custom officers, and officers of 
tiie United States Bank, we know," 8cc. And further, 
" AU the power of tlie Custom House, and of the Bank 
of the United States, all the power of the Federal Judi- 
ciary, and even to a certain extent, of the Bank of our 
own state, may be arrayed against us." 

However unwUling to interpret very literally, ex- 
pressions provoked by the ardour of political contro- 
versy, there is yet in these extracts a direct assertion 
of facts, which unless the highly respectable gentlemen 
who make it are entirely misinformed, is calculated to 
excite extreme regret. In the administration of the 
Bank of the United States, no principal is more funda- 
mental than its total abstinence from pohtics. Its uni- 
form object has been to devote itself exclusively to its 
own concerns, leaving public affairs to the public coun- 
cils: to belong to the country, not to any section of it; 
to be true to every administration of the government, 
yet subservient to none; and while composed of fellow 
citizens of all parties, to be wdiolly unconnected with 
any. You know that during the many years in which I 
have enjoyed the pleasure of your correspondence, I 
have never made a single inquiry into the poHtical opi- 
nions of any individual attached to the Branch. lam 
at this moment equally ignorant and indifferent, and 
my only anxiety is, that they should so exercise their 
own rights as not to violate those of the institution. Un- 
doubtedly, the officers of tiie Bank are aU citizens, re- 
taining all their privileg-es of free thought and free ac- 
tion, nor would the directors presume to control the 
poUtical opinions of the humblest individual in their 
service. Yet it is not an unreasonable expectation tliat 
they who voluntarily engage in the employment of the 
institution, sliovdd conform to its essential policy, and 
cautiously abstain from any conduct which may bring 
upon it undeserved odium. Now there is nothing more 
adapted to offend and estrange the community tihan an 
active and ostensible participation in popular elections, 
by the officers of the Bank. 'Whetlier they are in the 
right or in the WTOng; whether the occasion be great or 
small, whether they succeed or fall, are matters of not 
tlie sUghtest consequence. All parties think them- 
selves always right; to all parties all contests seem im- 
portant; and all, if they do not succeed, are sure they 
ought to succeed; so that whether victorious or defeat- 
ed, each partv retains a feeUng against its prominent 
adversaries, which it inevitably tonsfers to the institu- 
tions identified with thera. 

The Board of Directors are therefore extremely un- 
willing that the officers of the Bank should be zealous 
or conspicuous at elections, and the reproach thus pub- 
licly vouched is of a character to excite great sensibili- 
ty. That feeling I trust you will be able to remove or 
allay, so as to relieve the institution from the imputation 
of political interference, and I therefore take tlie earliest 
opportunity of inviting you to furnish me with the 
means of placing the subject before the Board in a satis- 
factory light. This will be very acceptable to them, 
and particularly gratifying to 

Y'ours, with great respect, 

N. BIDDLE, 

President. 

Jos. JoHirsoN, Esq. Prest. Off. Dis. & Dep. 
Charleston, S. C. 



1832.] 



LEGISLATURE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



119 



From the Harrisburg Chronicle. 
LEGISLATURE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

Is Senate — Friday, Feb- 9. 

NAVIGATION OF THE DELAWARE. 

A message, accompanied with documents, being re- 
ceived from the Governor, was read as follows: 

2o the Senate and fluuse of Representatives of the Com- 
monweallh of Fennsylvania, 

Gentlemen — I hasten to lay before the two Houses 
copies of a communication from tiic executive of tlie 
state of New Jersey, and of certain resolutions adopted 
by the legisl.ature of that st;ite, accompanying the same, 
relative to an alleged obstruction of the navigation of 
the river Delaware, by the erection of a wing dam in the 
said river, on tlie Pennsylvania side of the same, near 
New Hope. 

Although tlic obstructions of tlie navigation of tlic 
Delaware river, of a more serious character than that 
complained of in the communication mentioned, have 
been placed, or authorized to be placed in that river, 
as well by incorporated companies, deriving their au- 
thority from the legislative enactments of the state of 
New Jersey, as by private citizens of tliat state, to which 
the assent of this commonwealtli has never been obtain- 
ed, and the erection of the wing dam in question, by the 
state of Pennsylvania, to supply her canal with water 
at certain seasons of tliC year, might be justified upon 
the principles of an equality of rights, possessed by this 
state with the st.ate of New Jersey, in relation to the na- 
vigation and \ise of the waters of the river Delaware, 
yet as it is important to both states, that the extent of 
the privileges to be enjoyed by either, in reference to \ 
the river in question, should be definitely established ! 
and arranged in a spirit of mutual concession, .amity and \ 
torbearance, it is earnestlv recommended thtit measures | 
be adopted b}' tlie legislature of Pennsylvania, as early ' 
as possible, to ascert;iin how far the dam complained of ' 
is injurious to the navigation of the river Delaware, and i 
also for the purpose of arranging and establishing the i 
rights and privileges of tlie respective states to the wa- 
ters of the Delaware river, and to define the several ob- 
jects to which they may be applied by the states of New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania respectiveh-, provided the 
former shall adopt similar measures for attiiiningthe ob- 
ject last mentioned on her part. 

GEO. WOLF. 

Harrisburg, Feb. 2, 1832. 

EXECUTIVE OFFICE. 

Trenton, N. J. January 28, 1831. 
To His Excellency, George Woif: 

Sin: — I have the honor of forwarding to your Excel- 
lency an authenticated copy ofcertain resolutions adopt- 
ed by the legislature of tliis 'state, at their last session in 
December last, relative to a wing d.am, recently erected 
in the Delaware river, on the Pennsylvania side thereof 
near New Hope. 

In conformity with the authority vested in me by the 
first resolution, I appointed commissioners to make the 
proposed ascertainment of facts. The commissioners 
have m.ade to me a very full and satisfactory report, by 
which it appears that in the course of the last summer 
and fall, a wing dam has been erected in Wells' falb in 
the river Delaware, on the Pennsylvania side thereof, 
below and near the town of New Hope, under the di- 
rection of one of the assistant engineers of the Pennsyl- 
vania canal; and that in erecting said iLam, the engineer 
acted by authority and in pursuance of a resolution of 
the board of canal, commissioners of Pennsylvania of 
the 6tl\ of M.iy last, directing the creation of a water 
power to suppy the canal with water from the com- 



bined locks near New Hope to Bristol,, and also that at 
certain seasons of the year, and certain heights of water 
in said river, it does now and from its location and di- 
mensions will probably hereafter materially interfere 
with and obstruct the free navigation of the river. 

Permit me, sir, respectfully to call your attention to 
this subject so important to the interests of that portion 
of the citizens of New Jersey; concerned in the river 
trade; and to request that you will give to it an early 
consideration. 

The idea is not entertained that the canal commission- 
ers acting under autliority of the state of Pennsylvania, 
have intentionally erected this dam in such manner, as 
to obstruct the free navigation of the river, and thereby 
infringe the rights of New Jersey, on the contrary, it is 
understood thcit they expressly directed it to be so con- 
structed as to avoid that result. But as the effect of it 
is now ascertained to be such as materially to interfere 
with the navig.ation, it is confidently hoped that the 
state of Pennsylvania under whose authority it has been 
erected, will take prompt and effective measures for 
its removal. 

I have the honour to be 

With great respect. 

Your obedient servant, 

P. D. VROOM. 

STATE OF NEW JERSEY, 

AVhereas it has been represented to the Legislature 
of the state of New Jersey, that a wing dam has been 
erected at or near to "Wells' Falls," in the river Dela- 
ware, on the Pennsylvania side of the said river, in the 
vicinity of the town of New Hope, which materially in- 
terferes with, and obstructs the free navigation thereof, 
causing thereby great inconvenience, loss and damage 
to the citizens of this state, and others navigating said 
river. And whereas aid and relief have been prayed of 
this Legislature by petition. Therefore, 

Resolved, by the Council of the General Assembly of 
the state of New Jersey, that the Governor of this state 
be, and is hereby authorized and requested to ascertain 
without delay, in such manner as he may deem expedi- 
ent, either by agent or agents, or otherwise, whether 
any wing or other dam has recently been built and 
erected :it or near to "Wells' Falls," in the river Dela- 
ware, on the Penns}lvania shore thereof, near to the 
town of New Hope — and if so, whether it does now, or 
from its location and dimensions, m.ay prob.ably hereaf- 
ter, materially interfere with, and obstruct the free navi- 
gation of the said river — and that he further ascertain, 
1 in manner aforesaid, by whom, and by what authority, 
and for what purpose, said dam has been erected. 

Re solved further, that if it should appear to the Go- 
vernor, from the information he may obtain under the 
preceding resolution, that the s.aid wing or other dam, 
h.as been built at or near the place aforesaid, and that it 
now docs or probably will hereafter materially obstruct 
the free navigation of the said river Delaware, that then, 
and in that case, he do, without delay, call the atten- 
tion of the Executive of the st.ate of Pennsylvania to 
the subject, and request his co-operation in removing 
said obstruction, and th.at he do use any and every other 
means within his power under the existing laws of this 
state, and treaties with Pennsylvania, to have said dam 
removed, and almted xs a ntiisancc. 

In Council, December 2, 1831. The joint resolution 
having been three times read in Council, Resolved that 
the same do pass. 

By order of the Council, 

ELIAS P. SEILEV, Vice President 

Hotise of Assembly, December 1, 1831. These 
joint resolutions having been three times read and 
compared in the House, Resolved, that the same do pass. 
By order of tlic House, 

ALEX. WURTS, 
Speaker of the General Assembly. 



120 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



[FiBaWABT 



From the Philadeipbia Gazette, 
PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 

Saturday, Feb. 11, 1832. 

SELECT COUNCIL.— Mr. Duane offered the an- 
nexed resolution wliJch was adopted by both Councils. 

Resolved, by the Select and Common Councils, of the 
city of Philadelphia, that until a permanent regulation 
shall be established, in case any part of the real estate, 
devised to the city by the late Stephen Girard, shall re- 
quire repairs, the Mayor shall be, and he is autliorized 
to cause the same to be made. 

The Select Council agreed to the resolution sent in 
from the Common Council relative to an Alarm Bell in 
the North Western part of the city. Also, to one rela- 
tive to the celebration on the 22d instant, and appointed 
on theii- part Messrs. Pettit, WoneD, Johnson and To- 
land. 

COMMON COUNCIL.— Ml-. Lehman presented a 
petition praying" that Washin^on street be paved, which 
was referred to the Paving Committee. 

Mr. Okie, as chairman of the Committee of Accounts 
made the following report and resolution which was 
agreed to. 

The Committee on accounts to whom was referred 
the account of Thomas Desilver, jr. for stationary fur- 
nished for the use of Councils, beg leave to report, that 
they have examined the same, and found it to be cor- 
rect, and recommend the adoption of the following re- 
solution. 

Resolved, by the Select and Common fcouncUs, that 
the Mayor be requested to draw his warrant on the city 
treasurer, in favour of Thomas Desilver, jr. for the sum 
fifteen dollars eig-hty-eight cents, and clmrge the same 
to appropriation No. 21. 

Friday, Feb. 17/h, 1832. 

SELECT COUNCIL. — Mr. Duane as chairman of 
the Watering Committee made the following report and 
resolution, whicli were adopted: and Messrs. Johnson, 
Worrell, I3aker and Lelunan, were appointed the com- 
mittee: 

The Watering Committee respectfully represent to 
Councils, that they have been authorized, by the board 
of Canal Commissioners of Pennsylvania, "to lay down 
anii'on main or pipe of conduit on the southern margin of 
the Philadelphia and Columbia rail-road, under the di- 
rection of the princip.al engineer of the rail-road;" that, 
in the estimate presented by the committee for the year 
1832, they did not embrace the expenses of the removal 
of the main from its present position, near the towing 
path of the old canal, to that wliich the committee are 
now empowered to occupy, because the committee were 
not sure that permission would be given by the Canal 
Commissioners; consequently, as permission has now 
been given, the committee request Councils to adopt 
the following resolution : 

Resolved, &c. that the sum often thousand dollars to 
be taken from the water rents of 1832, be and the same 1 
is hereby appropriated, and that the watering commit- 
tee be and they are hereby authorized to draw so much 
thereof as may be nccessai-y, for taking up the iron main 
from the towing patli of the old union canal, and for 
laying down the same along the southern margin of the 
Philadelphia and Columbia rail-road. 

Mr. DcANE as chau-man of the Girard Committee, 
made the annexed report and resolution, which were 
agreed to : 

To the Select and Common Councib of the City of Phila- 
delphia. 

The Committee on Girard's Legacy respectfully re- 
commend to Councils, the adoption of the following re- 
solution, viz: 

Resolved,- by the Select and Common Councils of the 
city of Philadelphia, that a committee of two members 



of each Council be appointed to regulate (in conjunc- 
tion with the Mayor) the rents of the property be- 
queathed to the city by the late Stephen Giranl. 

COJIMON COUNCIL.— Mr. Rtas as chairman of 
the Committee on the Drawbridge lot, made tlie fol- 
low report and resolution which were adopted: 

The Committee on the Drawbridge lot, to whiom was 
referred the communication of Thomas and Jacob B. 
Lancaster, praying a renewal of their lease for the end 
of Spruce street wharf, and dock, report that having 
taken the subject into consideration, and finding that 
there are other applicants for the said wharf dock, re- 
port that they deem it expedient to offer the following 
resolution for the consideration of Councils — 

Resolved, by tlie Select and Common Councils, that 
the city commissioners be, and they are hereby directed 
to advertise for receiving proposals for renting of Spruce 
street wharf and dock, and Cedar street and Walnut 
street wharves, and that they be authorized to rent the 
same tn the best bidder, ngreenhly toexisting ordinance, 
in conjunction with the committee on the Drawbridge 
lot. 

Mr. Baker presented a petition relative to encroach- 
ments on the footways in Second street, which was re- 
ferred to the Committee on markets. 

The following letter from the Mayor enclosing one 
from the Marble Masons was received and was referred 
to a Special Committee of two members of each Coun- 
cil, and Messrs. Fritz, AVetherdl, Groves and Pettit 
were appointed the Committee. 

Match's Office, '} 

Philadelphia, Feb. 17th, 1832. 5 

To the President of the Select and Common Councils.- 

Gentlemen: — I enclose a communication from the 
Committee of Marble Masons, which invites the respect- 
ful attention of Councils. — Very respectfullv, your ob't 
serv't, ' B. W. RICHARDS. 

Philadelphia, Feb. 17th, 1832. 
To B'njamin IV. Richards, Esq. Mayor. 

Sm, — At a general meeting of the Marble Masons of 
the city and county of Pliiladelphia, it was resolved to 
prepare a suitable corner stone for the contemplated 
Monument to the tjood and great Washi.vctos; and that 
the same be presented to the "Mayor, Aldermen and 
Citizens of Pliiladelphia," to be by them received and 
preserved until the occasion arrives for laying it, in pur- 
suance of the intentions of the Donors. 

The said corner stone will be exhibited on a Truck- 
wagon in the procession of the 22d instant, and the Sub- 
scribers have been appointed a sub-committee from the 
committee of arrangement to carry said resolution into 
effect, and to receive^such instructions from the City 
Authorities, as to the temporary place of deposit, as they 
may deem proper. We are most respectfully, your 
'ob't, serv'ts. 

PETER FRITZ, 
AD. TRAQUAIR, 

A communication from Dr. J. Y. Clarke was received 
and was referred to the Committee on the Girard Fund, 

The following letter from E. Hand was received, and 
was referred to a special Committee of two members of 
each Council, and Messrs. Sexton, Horn, Massey and 
Fox were appointed the committee. 

To the Honorable the Select and Common Councils of the 
City of Philadelphia. 

Gentlemen — Your petitioner Ezekiel Hand, having 
been employed by the City Commissioners as a watch- 
man for nearly 15 years past, and being exposed to the 
night air so long, the consequence is, that your petition- 
er has been laid on a bed of sickness for these two last 
years, and having* a large family, he is now reduced to 
the lowest state of poverty. Having been taken sick 
when in the performance of his dutj', he sends this, 
praying that CouncUs wUl take it into consideration, 



1832.] 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



121 



and g^ant him some relief. He does this with the more 
confidence, as he believes them to be men tliat can pity 
the distressed; and hearing; that Councils were pleased 
to grant relief in similar c.ises last year, and for which 
if they i^rant this, they shall ever be gratefully remem- 
bercd by their obedient servant, 

EZEKIEL HAND, 
Residence, No. 58 Gaskill street. 

Reference, To tlie City Clerk, or Captain of the 
Watch. 

PnrL.vDEi.pniA, Feb. 16th, 18G2. 

A commimication was received from Mr. William 
Champion, relative to releasing^ South street wharf, 
which was referred to the Committee on the Drawbridg'e 
Lot 

Mr. LtiPEB offered the annexed resolution which was 
agreed to: 

Resolved, That the Mayor be authorized to draw his 
warrant on the City Treasurer to defray the expenses of 
the committee appointed to go to Harrisburgh on the 
21st ult. and that the same be charged to appropriation 
No. 21. 

Mr. SoLtiTAif offered the following resolution which 
was adopted: 

Resolved, That the Select and Common Council do 
assemble at the Council Chamber, on the 22d inst. at 9 
o'clock, A. M. and proceed in a body to join the proces- 
sion which is to take place in honor of the day. 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 

Report of the Commillee of the House of Bepresentative-i 
of Pennsylvania, to wliom were referred the message of 
tjie Governor and sundry metnorials relating to the ubo- 
iilion of Lotteries. — Read Februaiy lOM, 1832, by 
Mr. Dunlop, Chairman. 

The comrriittec to whom was referred that portion of 
the message of the Chief Magistrate, and the several 
memodals relatingto the abolition of lotteries — Respict- 
TDLLr Report: 

That folly aware of the responsibility imposed upon 
them, they have bestowed upon the subject submitted 
to their consideration the laborious invcstig.ition to which 
it was entitled. Sensible of the evils arising from the 
prosecution of lotteries, and that the picture which has 
been drawn of the enormous extent to which they have 
been earned, and the appiiUing consequences which are 
daily flowing from this miserable plan of finance, under 
the alleged sanction of the commonwealth; they could 
not but feel the strongest disposition to eradicate this 
cancer from tlie bosom of the state. 

A lottery is at bcstbutsysteraatizedgambnng,asplen- 
didlure for the imwary, in which the chance of remu- 
neration to the adventurer is in proportion to that of 
any other mode of gaming. Yet, like the Mirage of the 
desert, it lures and deceives, not only the imconscious, 
but the most practised beholder. The old and young, 
the economist and the spendthrift, the knowing one and 
the innocent, the poor man and the rich, with equal ea- 
gerness, crowd around this gorgeous temple of fortune, 
and though to-day the dupes of its deceitful promises, 
return to-morrow with eyes as anxious and inquiring, to 
gaze upon and seek the glittering favors it affects to of- 
fer. In its insatiable coflers are consumed as well the 
pittance of the poor as the thoiisands of the wealthy, 
and though the one may be kept destitute, and the oth- 
er become the victim of bankruptcy, still the occasional 
prize that is blindly lavished, crowds the portals with its 
deluded devotees. Every device th-at caji mitrap the 
tinwary, and allure the giddy, is invented and displayed, 
and a glare as false as it is flattering, that only 

"—leads to bewilder, and dazzles to blind," 

dcceivee from day to day the victims of its delusion. 
There may be other gr.»nt» of lotteries made in un- 
Voi.. IX. 16 



wary moments by the legislature, to other institutions, 
which time and circumstance liave probably rendered 
obsolete; but the only one in active operation is exer- 
cised by the Union Canal Company, an institution which 
seems to have been in some measure a deserving favour- 
ite of the public; and your committee, thovigh an.xioiis- 
ly disposed to cut off this monstrous system of imposi- 
tion, practised under its authority, have yet been too 
strongly impressed with the propriety of respecting the 
rights of the corporation and of individuals, and pre- 
serving untarnished the public faith, to recommend such 
a measure, without the most sedulous scrutiny, and con- 
fident assurance of tlieir own conclusions. Fewlingthe 
great responsibility they were under, in deciding upon 
property to a great amount, upon perhaps the future 
prosperity of the Union Canal company, upon the gua- 
rantee of the state on the faith of which nearly half a 
milUon of dollars had been invested, they invited and 
enjoyed a full, laborious and able discussion of the whole 
subject, by counsel on the part of the memorialists, tlie 
company and their assignees. 

As the power to .abolish lotteries, as prayed for by the 
memorialists, and recommended by the Governor, will 
depend on a proper construction of the acts of assem- 
bly, which have conferred upon the Union Canal com- 
pany the privilege of raising money by way of lotteries, 
tlie committee beg leave, as briefly as the discussion will 
permit, to place their views upon this subject before 
the House. 

The Union Canal company of Pennsylvania was so 
called from its being formed of two separate compa- 
nies, which had been authorized to connect the w.aters 
of the Delaware and Susquehanna, more tlian forty 
years ago. The earliest of them, denominated tlie 
Schuylkill and Susquehanna navigation company, was 
incorporated by an act piissed twenty-seventh Septem- 
ber, seventeen hundred and ninety-one; the other, call- 
ed the Delaware and Schuylkill canal navigation, was 
erected by an act of the tenth of April following. In 
eighteen hundred and eleven tliese companies were 
united and re-organized, by an act of the second of 
April of that year, under tlie style and title of "the 
Union Canal Company of Pennsylv.ania;" and under that 
name have brought their arduous and mei-itorious exer- 
tions to a successful termination. 

These companies, and especially since their connex- 
ion, have claimed and enjoyed from time to time the 
continued and fostering care of the government. So 
early as seventeen hundred and ninety-five, by an act 
passed seventeenth April of that year, the legislature, 
to provide efficient funds for completing the canals, au- 
thorized the two companies "to raise by way of lot- 
tery," four hundred thousand dollars, of which two 
hundred and sixty-six thousand, six hundred and sixty- 
six dolhars. sixty-seven cents, were to be applied to car- 
rying on the works of the Schuylkill and Susquehanna 
navigation, and one hundred and thirty-three thousand, 
three hundred and thirty -three dollars and thirty-three 
cents, to carrying on the works of the Delaware and 
Schuylkill canal navig.ation, and which was not to form 
any part of the capital stock. 

Finding it inconvenient to raise the sums authorized 
to be raised "whilst acting jointly, where a separate 
interest existed," the latter company was authorized to 
raise " their proportions of the provisions granted" by 
the act of the seventeen hundred and ninety-five, uncon- 
nected with the other company. 

Afker nearly twenty years of the exercise of tlicir 
corporate powers, after the enjoyment of fifteen 
years of their lotterj" pririlegcs, these companies in their 
memorial to the Legislature of thirteenth of December, 
eighteen hundred and ten, afler lamenting the unyiro- 
ductiveness of the lottery grant, after complaining of 
"the disorder and embarrassment into which they had 
fallen," the "reproach and ridicule with which their 
undertaking was covered," of "the public confidence 
being impaired" m their efforts, and acknowledging 



123 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



[FBEnciKr 



"the spirit of unlimited speculation," which marked 
their commensement, andembarrassed their operations, 
they prayed the Legislature to aid them with appropri- \ 
ations and to unite them under one direction. In pur- ! 
suance of this request, the Legislature, by an act passed 
the second of April, eig'hteen hundred and eleven, uni- 
ted them as has been already stated, into one company i 
called the Union Canal Company of Pennsylvania, and | 
conferred upon them further privileges and powers, 
which become the subject of particular examination. ! 
'Ihe twenty-eighth section of this act assuming that the 
two companies had realized about sixty thousand dollars, 
of the four hundred thousand dollars they had been au- 
thorized to raise, by the act of seventeen hundred and 
ninety-five, authorizes the raising of the residue of the 
original sum not exceeding three hundred and forty 
thousand dollars, and confers the additional power "if it 
should appear to them advisable to sell and assign to 
any person or persons,body politic or corporate,the right 
to raise the^said residue of money by way of lottery or lot- 
teries, upon such scheme or schemes, plan or plans, as 
they may from time to time s:inction, or any part there- 
of from time to time," and that "sucli piu-chasers or as- 
signees shall be vested for the term they shall so ac- 
quire, with the same rights and privileges as the said 
corporation." 

The expectations of the company from the power gi- 
ven by this act to sell and assign wholly or from time to 
time, their privileges to raise money by way of lottery 
not having been answered, the Legislature to promote 
their views, by an act of the twenty-ninth of March, 
eighteen hundred and nineteen, authorized a further 
subscription of two thousand five hundred shares, and as 
an inducement to new subsci'ibers to invest their mo- 
ney, by the third section pledged the proceeds of the 
lottery as a fund for the payment of six per cent, upon 
the new subscription, and also upon the unforfeited 
shares of the old companies, "as soon as the two thou- 
sand five hundred dollars shall have been subscribed," 
the interest upon the old stock to commence from the 
time and in the proportion of the new subscription. The 
pledge of the lottery proceeds to the pa}Tnent of six per 
cent, upon the stock having faikd to induce the ex- 
pected new subscriptions; the company taking advan- 
tage of the current of popular opinion which was then 
setting in favour of internal improvement, procured in 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, further enactments 
of the Legislature, upon the construction of which the 
chief difficulty of deciding the important questions sub- 
mitted to the committee mainly depends. 

The first section of the "act for the improvement of 
the state," above alluded to, passed twenty -sixth March 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, after providing "that 
whenever according to the act" of eighteen hundred 
Rnd nineteen, which as just stated, empowered the fur- 
ther subscription of two thousand five hundred shares to 
the capital stock of the Union Canal company, two 
thousand two hundred and fifty should be subscribed, 
the Governor was required to subscribe on behalf of the 
commonwealth, two hundred and fifty shares, and 
then proceeds as follows: 

" Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House 
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylva- 
nia in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted 
by the authority of the same, that whenever according 
to the provisions of the act supplementary to an act, en- 
titled " An act to incorporate the Union Canal compa- 
ny of Pennsylvania," passed the twenty -ninth day of 
March, eighteen hundred and nineteen, two thousand 
two hundred and fifty shares shall have been subscribed 
to the capital stock of the Union Canal company of 
Pennsylvania, the Governor of this commonwealth' be, 
and he is hereby authorized and required to subscribe 

NOTE.— The two thousand two hundred and fiftj- 
shares, at two hundred dollars per share, mikes tlie 
four hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 



in behalf thereof, two hundred and fifty shares of the 
stock of said company, to be paid by the State Trea- 
surer on warrants drawn by the Governor, in the pro- 
portion of the payment made on subscribing by the new 
subscribers, and of tlie payment of their respective in- 
stalments as may be called for by the board of managers; 
and if the proceeds of the lottery granted to the Union 
Canal company, togetlier with the tolls which may be 
collected, shall not hereafter from year to year, for the 
period of twenty-five years, yield a sum equal to an an- 
nual interest of six per cent, upon all sums not exceed- 
ing in amount four hundred and fifty thousand dollars, 
which.may be subscribed by new subscribers as afore- 
said, and paid according to law to the capital stock of 
the said company, the Governor shall from year to 
year, for the term of twenty-five years, whenever it 
shall appear to his satisfaction that such disability ex- 
ists, draw his warrant on the State Treasurer in favour 
of the said board of Managers, for the amount of such 
deficiency, which money shall be applied to the pay- 
ment of an annual interest of six per cent, to such neW 
subscribers, and the faith of the commonwealth is here- 
by pledged for the term of twenty-five years, for the 
full and punctual pajTnent of said interest: Provided, 
that the subscriptions shall be paid in such instalments 
as shall be called for by the managers of the said com- 
pany, and each subscriber sliall be entitled to interest 
only from the time of tlie actual paj-meiit of each instal- 
ment respectively; and in order to avoid as far as possi- 
ble all disability to pay suchinterest,so much of the third 
section of the act aforesaid, as pledges any portion of 
the avails or nett proceeds of the lottery aforesaid, to the 
payment of an annual interest to tlie holders of shares 
not forfeited in the late Delaware and Schuylkill, and 
Susq\iehanna Canal companies, be, and the same is 
hereby suspended until the canal shall be completed, 
and the president and managers of said company 
shall be, and they are hereby authorized to con- 
tinue during the said term of twenty-five years, to 
raise by way of lottery, any sums that may be wanted 
for the purpose of paying to the holders of said stock, 
the six per cent, as aforesaid: Provided, that whenever 
the nett proceeds of the tolls shall amount to the said 
six per cent, the privilege hereby granted of raising mo- 
ney by lottery,shall during such time be suspended, ex- 
cept so far as is authorized by existing laws, and it shall 
in no event be lawful to divide any sum arising from 
said lottery over and above six per cent, upon the stock 
of said company, it being the intent and meaning of this 
act, that all such excess shall be reserved to meet any 
deficiency thereof, that may at any time occur in the 
tolls as aforesaid." 

The old companies and the Union Canal company 
had, under the several acts of Assembly specified, pro- 
ceeded in tlie exercise of their lottery privileges with 
various success. During the first fifteen years, from 
seventeen hundred and ninety-five, till eighteen hun- 
dred and eleven, when the two companies were 
united, they were conducted, of course, under their 
own management, there being' no authority to seD 
or assign prior to the passage of the latter act. Du- 
ring that period they had realized about sixty tlioasand 
dollars, or at the average of about four thousand dollars 
per annum. Since the authority to sell and assign, gi- 
ven by the act of eighteen hundred and eleven, the 
company have drawn no lotteries themselves, but hare 
conducted them through the medium of assignees. 

On the seventh April, eighteen hundred and 
twelve, about a year after the incorporation of the 
Union Canal company, they sold, and assigned abso- 
lutely to Henry Pratt, "all the right, privilege and au- 
thority, to make lotteries within the state of Pennsyl- 
vania." Mr. Pratt Ti'as to deduct, from the gross 
amount of each class, fifteen per cent, and pay the com- 
panv two and a half per cent, clear of all expense5,upon 
the two first classes, and five per cent, on each succeed- 
ing class. The lotteries, at this time, were in a state of 



1832.] 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



123 



p"«at depression, and Mr. Pratt, with all his ability, 
made but little profit on the adventure. Tlie company, 
conceiving' they could procure mure favorable terms 
elsewhere, prevailed upon Mr. Pratt to re-assijjn the 
privile.!je to them for fifteen thousand dollars, and 
on the thirty-first Miirch, cig-hteen hundred and four- 
teen, sold on the same terms, except tlie amount which 
had been raiicif by tlie first class, under the manage- 
ment of Henry Pratt," to Benjamin Betterton Howell. 
The next contractor of the company was Solomon Al- 
len, who drew t'-e fourtli, fifth, sixth, seventh, eigthth 
and ninth classes, tlie first liaving' been drawn by Mr. 
Pratt, and the second and third by Mr. Howell. The 
company, by the first contract with Mr. Allen, which 
is dated thirteenth Januaiy, eighteen hundred and se- 
venteen, sold and assigned to him "tlieriijht, privilege 
and authority, to raise, by way, of lottery, within the 
state of Pennsylvania, so much of the sum of money 
which, by tlie act of Assembly, il is permil/edto the said 
company to raise by lottery or lotteries, as can be pro- 
duced by the scheme and plan hereto annexed," for 
which he was to pay ten thousand five hundred dollars. 
The other five classes which Mr. Allen drew, were au- 
thorized from year to year by contracts, couched in 
BimiUr language as respects the power conveyed; the 
last of them for the ninth class, being dated ninth March, 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one. 

Thus far the schemes of no one year, as will be per- 
ceived by the synopsis of them hereafter furnished, ex- 
ceeded much, half a million of dollars. It was left for 
the adventurous spirit of the present contractor, Archl 
bald M'intyre, to push these bold efforts at speculation 
to an annual aggreg.ate of upwards of five millions. 

The first contract with iiim is dated on the seventli 
October, eighteen hundred and twenty-one, about five 
months after the passage of the act of Assembly of that 
year, under the provisions of which the company claims 
to exercise the power of additional lottery privileges. 



is dated the sixth day of September last, and transfers 
to him " the right, privilege and authority, to raise by 
way of lottery, in the state of Pennsylvania, so natch of 
the sums of money which, by the said acts, or any other 
acts of Assembl}-, il is so prrmilted In Ihc said company 
to raise by way of lottery or lotteries, as can be pro- 
duced by such schemes or plans of lotteries, as shall be 
adopted by the said Archibald M'intyre, for two years" 
from the first January, eighteen hundred and thirty-two. 
The committee deem it of some importance to call the 
attention of the House, to the change of phraseology 
adopted by the two last contracts. In those of eighteen 
hundred and twenty-one, and eighteen hundred and 
twenty-four, they state their authority to be derived 
from the act of eighteen hundred and eleven alone, in 
these terms: "and by the authority vested in the pre- 
sident and managers of the Union Canal company of 
Pennsylvania, by the twenty-eighth section of the act 
of Assembly, passed the second day of April, eighteen 
hundred and eleven, have agreed to sell and assign," 
&c. AVhether they opened their eyes to new views up- 
on their corporate privileges, were grown careless of pub 
lie scrutiny, or changed their legal advisers, certain il is 
the company seem, in their two last assignments, to 
have taken more extensive ground than they had con- 
ceived themselves entitled to occupy before. In the re- 
cital of their authority, in the contr.icts of eighteen 
himdred and thirty-one, they look not merely as they 
had done before, to the act of eighteen hundred and 
eleven, probably for the first time, in eighteen hundred 
and twenty-nine, construing the act of eighteen hundred 
and twenty-one, as conferring a cumulative and distinct 
grant, and not requiring the aid of the old lottery to 
raise the six per cent, for the new sub.scribers. The 
contracts of eighteen hundred and twenty-nine, and 
eighteen hundred and thirty-one, recite their authority 
thus: "That whereas, by an act of Assembly of the 
commonwealth of Pennsylvania, passed the second day 



'I'he contract professes, " by the authority vested in the [ of April, eighteen lumdred and eleven, entided," &c 
president and managers of the Union Canal company of j in the twenty-eighth section thereof, the said company 
Pennsylvania, by the twenty-eighth section of the act of 1 is permitted, among other thing's, to sell and assign to 
Assembly, passed tlie second day of April, eighteen any person, &c. the right to raise a sum of money not 
hundred and eleven," to sell and assign " unto the said I exceeding three hundred and forty -thousand dollars, 
Archibald M'intyre, the right, privilege and authority to j by w.iy of lottery or lotteries, upon such schemes, &c. 
raise, by way of lottery, in the state of Pennsylvania, so j as they may sanction, &c. ; and proceed to add, what is 
much of the sum of money which, by the s.aid, or any | not inserted in the otlicr contracts of Mr. M'intyre, the 
subsequent act of Assembly, it is permitted to tlie j followingclau.se: " And whereas, by the first section of 
said company to raise by way of lottery or lotteries, as j another act of Assembly of the commonwealth of Penn- 
shall be produced by such schemes or plans of lotteiy as sylvania, entitled An act for the improvement of the 
shall be adopted by the said Archibald M'intyre, within state, passed the twenty-sixth March, eighteen hundred 
three years from the first of November," then next, for I and twenty-one, the president and managers of the said 
which he eng.igedto pay them eleven percent, on tlie I company were authorized to continue, during the term 
amount of each scheme, and that he will not di'aw a of twenty-five yeai's therein mentioned, to raise by way 
less sum than one hundred and fifty tliou.sand dollars in J of lottery, any sums that may be wanted," &c. 
each and every year. It is stipulated, also, on the part These cKauses when connected with tlie short period 
of the company, that his friend John Yates, of New ' of time at which the latter contracts are t.ilcen, have too 
York, or some one named by him, in case of contractor's ' strong a bearing upon the argument which it is purpos- 
death, shall have the management of the lottery prlvi- I ed to submit upon tlie construction of the powers and 
lege transferred. On the seventh of October, eighteen ' privileges confeiTcd upon the Union Canal company of 
hundred and twenty-four, the company entered into a I drawing lotteries, to be omitted 



new contract with Mr. M'intyre, to terminate on thirty 
first December, eighteen hundred and twenty-nine, on 
terms similar to the one preceding, except that he is to 
pay one hundred and fifty thonsand dollars, in several 
payments and .as a p-oss sum, and not a per centage 



It is from the date of the contract of eighteen hun- 
dred and twenty -four, that Mr. Mclntyre has launched 
out into the most lavish use of the power he fancied or 
pretended to fancy he held of speculating upon the cu- 
pidity of his fellow citizens. The committee call th» 



was to be paid, the extent to which he is to carry the : attention of this house to the exemplification of the 



privilege is left without any stipulations of requisition 
or restriction. On the twenty-first of September, 
eighteen hundred and twenty-nine, a few months be- 
fore the grant of eighteen hundred and twenty-four 
would have expired, they entered into anotlier contract 



boundless spirit of rapacity which actuates men in the 
pursuit of wealth to be drawn from the giddy propen- 
sity to gambling and chance. It is manifest from the 
terms of the first contract in wliich it was deemed ne- 
cessary to require him to draw schemes to the amount 



for two years from the first January, eighteen hundred of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars a year, that 



and thirty, by which he engaged to pay the companv 



thirty thousand dollars per annum, for such schcmcs'Ss extent to which the credulity of the people could be 



he might ailopt. The contract now subsisting between 
Mr. M'intyre and the company, and under which he is 
at this moment rapidly projeciing his lottery schemes. 



neither he nor the company dreamed of the prodigious 



practiced upon. These impressions arc strengthened 
by casting the eye over the list of schemes drawn under 
his first contract in eighteen hundred and twenty-two. 



134 



REPORT UPON LOT lEKlES. 



[FxBBr^aT 



eighteen hundred and twenty-three and eig'hteen hun- 
dred and twenty-four, during which they did not in any 
one year much exceed three hundred thousand dollars. 
But in proporiion as his hopes are expanded, as new 
contrivances to facilitate the convenience and rapidity 
of drawinff lotteries are invented, as the votaries of for- 
tune crowd around him to snatch the splendid delusion, 



the public faith, as given in the act of eighteen hun- 
dred and twenty-one, already recited; that under the 
sanction of the commonwealth Mr. Mclntyre, had en- 
gaged in extensive contracts and relations which it 
would be difficult or impossible to close, short of the 
limit of his last engagement; and that the resumption 
of the grant would involve the company, Mi\ M 'Intyre, 



ie seems to acknowledge no limits to their extent but ; and the purchasers of unfortunate tickets inendlessand 

thecapacity of the people to. :buy. From the, time of' :--.-i ..:*- T>..i ; — ti,;„ *„ u„ * .u. 

his second contract, under which he pays, no more for 
drawing millions than he does under the first for draw- 
ing thousands, he seems to have launched into an illimit- 
able ocean of profit and speculation. His annu.al schemes 
progressiveh' swell from three hundred and eighteen 
thousand three himdred dollars in eig'hteen hundred and 
twenty-four, to five million two hundred and sixteen 
thousand two hundred and twenty dollars in eighteen 
hundred and thirty-one. If these alarming strides of 
rapacity in getting, know no check, if thty defy all pow- 
er to stay them, and make from the last to the present 
year, the same proportionate rapidity of advance as 
they did from eighteen hundred and twenty-nine to eigh- 
teen hundred and thirty, we shall perceive a stream of 
more than ten millions of dollars pouring from the pock- 
eta of the people into the insatiable coffers of the lot- 
tery broker in this one lottery alone. It is foreign to 
the subject under consideration to which the committee 
desire strictly to confine themselves, to go into any esti- 
mates of other and foreign lotteries that spread their 
baleful influence over the United States, and of which 
Pennsylvania receives her full share of sickening venom; 
•butthcFeis a little doubt upon even a moderate esti- 
mate, that those drawn UTider the auspices of this same 
contractor, yield a nominal ;tjrn/5/, and probably an actual 
-^oss profit, of more than fifty thousand dollars a day. 
We may form some conception of the appalling magni- 
tude of a system of gaming, incitements to which are 
displayed in such winning phrase and alluring profu- 
sion iii the streets of our cities that yields to those who 
minister to the cupidity of their fellow citizens such 
enormous receipts. AVhen we know that the power of 
checking these monstrous fungi on the body of the 
state, as'deadly as the cholera of the Indies, is placed 
in the hands of the comp.any, and perceive her casting 
over them the shadow of her indifference or indulgence 
to shield them from the light of public scrutiny and 
criminal punishment, we rmist all acknowledge the ne- 
cessity of eradicating those that afford protection and 
plausibility to the rest. Does not this state of things 
.call loudly for redress from the public guardians of the 
morals of the people, from a government whose duty it 
is to protect the credulous and unwar)-, to remove all 
temptations to vice, and to suppress the inordinate pur- 
suits of wealth, by chance and gaming. Shall we be 
-•arrested in such a hallowed purpose by vague state- 
ments that these lotteries are not such sources of wealth 
to the broker who projects them, when the assertion is 
so manifestly refuted by the extent to which they are 
carried. If they were not a source of profit and gain 
whyproject and conduct them, if their advantage were 
not proportionate to their magnitude and number, why 
extend and increase them? It were well were we as 
surelv persuaded of the loss of the broker as of that of 
the adventurer who buys. We would then need no 
legislative provisions to suppress their evils. 

Your committee having thus given a sketch of the 
lottery history of the canal company as concise as the 
perfect understanding of the subject will permit, they 
now beg leave to present to the House as well the 
construction of the privileges contended for by the 
company and their assignee as the conclusions to which 
the committee have arrived after the patient and atten- 
tive examination they have bestowed upon the sub- 
ject 



exatious law suits. But assuming this to be true, tlie 
committee are of opinion that the consequences that 
would flow from any decision adverse to the lottery 
privilege as pursued, cannot enlarge or limit the extent 
of the gi'ant, or the construction of the acts of Assem- 
bly, and that the continuance of the evils of such an 
extensive system of gaming is more pernicious than all 
the disasters that can possibly flow from measures of 
restriction; and that however indulgently the commit- 
tee may be disposed to look upon those who may be 
zealouslv, though eiToneously, pin-suing their endea- 
vours to promote the public weal, they cannot extend 
an ill-judged lenity, to those who are seeking their own 
advantage, regardless of its injurious operation upon 
the happiness of their fellow citizens. It certainly does 
not becoma those who run into errors to fill their cof- 
fers at the expense of public morals, to complain of the 
sad consequences to which they may be reduced by the 
withdrawing of privileges which they should never have 
exercised. But the committee cannot acquiesce in the 
opinion that any disastrous results will be ex|)erienced 
even by the participites criminis from closing these ave- 
nues of ruin and vice. 

The faitli of the commonwealth is pledged, it is true, 
to the new subscribers for the receipt of six per cenS. 
on their subscription of four hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars, subscribed by them in consequence of the pas- 
sage of the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one. 
But that pledge is only conditional, and to attach, under 
a certain concurrence of circumstances. But who are 
these new subscribers, in wh.at relation do they stand? 
The counsel who argued for them ingeniously enough, 
seemed to wish them to be viewed as a body detached 
from the company, and to have the engagement of the 
state to them considered as distinct from a pledge to 
the company; but they are in fact the company. They 
would have constituted a portion of the company ipso 
facto, by the very act of subscription itself, but the 
fourth section of the actof eighteen hundred and nine- 
teen, as if for fear any one would be so absurd as to- 
question their incorporation with the rest of the sub- 
scribers, expressly confers upon them "authority to 
exercise when organized, all the privileges and immu- 
nities conferred on the (then) present stockholders." 
They constitute therefore a constituent portion of the 
company, and a very large portion too, when we con- 
sider that the old stock of the company is but one hun- 
dred and forty seven thousand, six hundred dollars, 
whilst the new (independent of the fifty thousand dol- 
lars held by the state,) amoimts to four hundred andfifty 
thousand dollars, nearly ■ three-fourths of the whole 
capital of the corporation. The pledge of the corpo- 
ration therefore was in reality to the company, especial- 
ly when we reflect that the new subscribers in fact have 
the exclusi^'e management, and refuse participation in 
its direction to the old ones. If therefore the company 
have transgressed the conditions of the grant; if they 
have fully enjoyed what was tendered to them, their 
claims upon the state are exhausted. She had only 
pledged her faith to furnish what would be wanted to 
pay six per cent, to stockholders, provided the avails of 
the privilege of raising money by lottery, and the nett 
proceeds of the tolls, were not adequate to do so. The 
case therefore resolves itself into this question, has the 
i^mpany raised by way of lottery all they were author- 
zed to raise, have they had the full enjoyment of the 



In tjie first place it was ardently contended by the | privilege of drawing lotteries, have they by themselves 
counsel of the company and their assignee, that the new and their assignees, raised from the nett proceeds of 
subscribers had vested their money upon the pledge of 'their schemes as much as would pay up the six per 



1832.] 



GREAT FLOOD. 



125 



cent, upon the stock to this period, or for the twenty- 
five years; or if not would the nett proceeds of the 
tolls, if applied to such purpose, be sufficient? If they 
have raised the money they were authorized to raise by 
way of lottery, if they have enabled their assignees to 
do so by incautiously disposing of the power for less 
than it is worth, or if the tolls hereafter will cover the 
six per cent, upon the stock for twenty-five years from 
eig-hteen hundred and twenty-one, the state is liberated 
from her pledge for the pecijiar circumstances under 
which her liability was to arise, cannot occur, her en- 
pigement being expressly confined to supplying any 
deficiency in the sums to be raised by the lotteries and 
tolls of the company. 

The committee have not deemed it necessary to in- 
vestigate the point, whether the grant under which the 
lottery privileges are enjoyed, is to be construed most 
favorably for the commonwealth or the company, for 
the natural and obvious meaning of the act requires 
not the introduction of the doctrine. And before they 
state their grounds of construction, they conceive it 
proper to say that they consider it immaterial to the 
correct understanding of the privilege, whether it 
were conferred as a bounty, or for any other purpose. 
They hold that grants, by way of bounty, are as precise 
in their limits, as any other legislative enactments, and 
to he scrutinized upon the same principles. Consider- 
ing the gift of the lottery privilege as a bounty, may be 
important when viewing it in reference to the appUca- 
tion of its proceeds, but the committee cannot perceive 
what operation the viewing it in that light can have upon 
the ascertainment of its limits. 

It was argued for Mr. M'IntjTe, that he had embark- 
ed in heavy contracts upon the faith of the common- 
wealth, and was therefore entitled to the most favor- 
able aspect that the subject was susceptible of. But 
granting the position to be correct, the committee are 
of opinion that even the most favorable view of his 
rights will not place him in the light he desires. It is 
certainly a well setded principle of law and common 
sense, that he who buys can obtain by tlie purchase no- 
thing but what the vendor has a right to sell. When 
Mr. M'Intyre, therefore, purchases from the company 
what they had no right to dispose of, he acquires no- 
thing bv his purchase. If he is willing to enter into a 
contract for a privilege thatis doubtful in its terms, and 
uncertain in its tenure, he must lake his chance, and h.as 
no riglit to call upon the legislature to place him on 
more stable grounds than he has assumed himself. The 
able counsel under whose auspices he operates, must 
certainly have informed him of the slippery' nature of 
his purchase, and it is probable the glittering prospect 
of success may have tempted him to venture. His con- 
tract for enormous gains was but a lotten,', and if he 
has this time drawn a blank, he cannot complain with 
»ny propriety when he reflects how m.any blanks he 
has sold to othei-s. But the act qf Assembly, with pe- 
culiar caution, and as if to put an assignee of the com- 
pany out of any conceit that he could purchase what 
they had no right to sell, and to prevent his clothing 
himself with the pretence of claiming more than he 
bought, expressly enacts that those who are purchasers 
or assignees, shall be vested for the term they shall so 
, acquire, with the same rights and privileges as the .said 
corporation. Now surely, independent of the ordinary 
dictates of law and common .sense, if a purchaser can ac- 
quire only the same right held by his assignor, he luis 
no pretence to claim any thing more. 
[ To be Continued] 



GRE.IT FLOOD. 



BtiinsviLLr, (Penn.) February 9. 
The Concmaugh Kivcr, at the present time, is unu- 
sually high. Some apprehensions are entertained for 
the safety of the new Dam at Leechburp. It is to be 
hoped, however, that these may not be realized; more, 



especially, at the present time, as the public— to say 
nothing of the great loss which would be sustained — are 
very desirous, since our canal men evinced so much 
"perseverance," "energi/," a.nA "ejpcienci/," in the build- 
ing of the new Dam, tliat they should have a short re- 
spite from their labors. 

Postscript — Since writing the above, we regret to 
state, serious injury has been sustained to the Canal op- 
posite this place. The heavy embankment between the 
Canal Lock and the Dam has nearly all been swept 
away, and with it the Saw Mill. The lock is materially 
injured, having fallen in. We have no information 
from below of the extent of dariiage sustained; but it 
must, undoubtedly, be great. The Dam at this place, 
since the embankment has been carried away, is left in 
a very precarious stite, and fears are entertained for its 
safety. In our ne.\t we shall probably be able to give 
the particulars; and we would not be much surprised to 
find the amount of injury to be so great as to preclude 
the practicability of rendering this portion of the public 
improvement of any benefit during the whole of theajj- 
proaching season. We hope however, for the best. — 
Conemaugh Republican. 

DisTntssiNG Flood at Pittsbdro. 

The following exti-act of a letter dated Pittsburg, 
Friday, February 10th, 1832, was politely furnished us 
by a friend: 

"To-day we had one of the greatest floods within the 
recollection of the oldest inhabitants. At this place, 
the water of both rivers rose at once, to such a prodi- 
gious height, as to overflow one entire side of the town. 
The water was up in St. Clair street as far as Market 
street, overflowing in its course' the Exchange, the 
Washington CofTee-House, Mr. McDonald's, and all the 
other buildings between Market street and the river, 
and is up in Wood street as far as Second street. The 
depth in St. Clair street is such that the inhabitants 
were obliged to use carriages and boats to get in and 
out of their houses. The distress caused by this flood 
among the poor it is impossible to describe. Hundreds 
are this night without a shelter. 

I saw several families getting out of their second storv 
windows in boats, to save themselves, and when landed, 
their case w.as distressing beyond description. Great 
fears are entertained about the aqueduct and bridge, 
the water being above the weatherboarding, and the 
upper sides being jammed with drifts of every descrip- 
tion. The damage up the Allegheny is immense. 
Houses, stables and hay stacks have been afloat, and 
live cattle with them, pig-pens, &c. Several houses in 
Allegheny town were destroyed. In lumber, &c. tlie 
losses are great The flood has been much more de 
structive than the great flood, twenty years ago, called 
the Pumpkin flood, and both rivers .are still rising. The 
town is in the greatest commotion imaginable. 

Extract of another letter, dated Williamson's Exchange, 
Pittsburg, Feb. 10, 1832. 

I write this surrounded by the roaring and surging 
watcr.s. On Wednesday morning the water began 
ag;iin to rise, after having fallen a little since the other 
freshet. They arc now about 20 feet above low water 
mark, and nearly a foot higher than what is called the 
Pumpkin flood in 1810, which was the highest ever 
known. The aqueduct .across the Allegheny, which is 
about h.alf a mile .above the bridge, is in imminent dan- 
ger, the water being up to the flooring. Immense 
quantities of drift wood, trees, houses, shantees, hay 
stacks, &c. &c. h.ave lodged ag:iinst it, and threaten it 
with destruction. The current is tremendous. I sup- 
pose there could not have been fewer than five thousand 
persons gazing at it when I left it, (about an hour ago,) 
who were momentarily expecting it to be carried away. 
If it goes, the beautiful bridge must go too. 

Nearly the whole lower end of the city is inundated. 
Just now a large canal packet was poled up a square 



126 



GHEAT FLOOD. 



[FXBHBA»T 



from the Allegheny, to relieve some families. All the 
houses on the opposite bank of the A. and the gfreatest 
part of those on this side, are deserted, the water being' 
up to the second stories. Our hotel has five or six feet 
of water in the whole basement story. 

The distress among the poor will be immense, many 
escaping last ntght with nothing but the clothes they 
had on. Boats, rafts, &c. are going about in every di- 
rection, saving lives and fiu-ni'.ure. If it should rise two 
or three feet more, the whole city will be flooded. 
There is now about three feet of water in the street, in 
front and on the side of us, and rising every minute, cut- 
ting us off totally from any communication with the city, 
except by means of rafts or boats. 

We have just returned from the aqueduct, having to 
go out through a back alley and a stable yard. An im- 
mense concourse of people were yet waiting to see the 
"sport," but were all disappointed. An incredible 
quantity of drift is yet coming down, choking the pas- 
sage of the water under the aqueduct While we were 
there, several large stacks of hay came down and lodged, 
lath and shingles by the tliousand, whole piles of boards, 
&c. A shantee came floating down, with a hog on the 
top. It was shattered to pieces, and poor grunter was 
drawn under and probably met with a "watery grave," 
The water is much deeper in the streets, and boats, bat- 
teaux, canoes, and whatever else can be procured, are 
rowing and poling about for relief of families. 

Extract of a letter, dated 

I'lTTSEono, Feb. 10. 

We are at this moment (12 M. ) in the midst of a scene 
of awful devastation. Our rivers have overwhelmed us; 
a large portion of the city is under water; and the su- 
bvu-b, Allegheny, in which I reside, is almost totally im- 
mersed. The water is nearly two feet in all my lower 
apartments, and we have taken shelter, in the second 
story. We are upwards of two hundred yards from 
the nearest dry land. Our noble Allegheny bridge yet 
stajids, as weU as the aqueduct above. Whether they 
will maintain themselves is doubtful, as the rivers are 
still on the rise. 

Inunense damage is already done. Houses and 
barns have floated past us, and the whole country 
above seems to have been swept; though we know of 
no lives yet lost, it is more than probable many are. A 
hasty scrawl. Yours, &c. ! 

PiTTSEUBGH, Feb. 10, 18,52. ! 

Dear Sir, — 'We are at this moment immersed b_v one j 
of the highest floods ever known in this place. -^The 1 
height of the water now exceeds the great flood of 1810 ' 
by about two feet, 

' For the last four houi-s, the water has risen but little, i 
and we therefore hope the flood has nearly reached its I 
maximum height. 

Great apprehensions are entertained for the safety of , 
the aqueduct The lower part of it has been immersed ' 
since noon, and is now several feet under water. Im- ' 
mense masses of floating lumber have lodged ag-ainst it, j 
and are now pressing it with great force; but thus tar all 
is safe. Multitudes have thronged the vicinity for the 
last eight or ten hours, expecting every moment to see 1 
the whole swept off". The lower parts of Penn and j 
Liberty streets are flooded; and the water is three feet '. 
deep on the pavement at the Exchange. The water j 
extends up Wood to Second street. Several dweUings i 
have been swept off from the low grounds in Allegheny, 
and some few from the Pittsburg side of the river. We 
do not hear that any lives are lost ! 

In haste, yours, j 

MAJOR WADE. j 

Friday Evening, 8 P. M. j 

We have been favoured by Mr. Hays of the Senate, J 
with the following extracts Of lettere, received by him 
to-dav. ' 



PiTTSBDBo, Feb. 10, 10 o'clock, P. M. 

In consequence of the severe rains we have had, 
there is at this moment, a higher flood in the Allegheny 
and Ohio rivers, than has been witnessed by the oldest 
inhabitants. The water is now about two feet higher 
than at the famous pumpkin Jlood, about twenty years 
ago. All Alleghenytown, below the second bank, is 
under water, from 6 to 12 feet deep. A steam-boat 
was sent over to relieve the sufferers, and anchored in 
Wm. Robinson's g.irden, in front of his house. The 
water is up on the weather-boarding of the aqueduct. 
A great deal of drift wood is lodged against it, and is 
constantly increasing; and it is believed, if the river 
rises for the next two hours, as it has for the last ten, 
that the aqueduct and bridge will both go. 

Your house is surrounded with water, and your cellar 
full. I think it highly probable that the western divi- 
slon of the canal will sustain immense injury. I fear we 
shall have asoiTy account to-morrow of aqueducts, danu, 
culverts, bridges," &c. 

PiTTSBDBS, Feb. 10. 
Dear Father — I hasten to inform you of one of the 
most distressing floods that ever happened in the west- 
ern country. The river is so high that while I am now 
writing oiu" cellars are filled with water — our tan yard is 
overflowed, and the flood is still rising. The water is 
up to the aqueduct and we are looking every moment 
to see it and the bridge swept away. A horse can al- 
most swim at the corner of Fourth and Liberty streets. 
The whole bottom of Alleghenytown is overflowed, 
and in some places up to the 2d story of the houses. 

PiTTSBnEB, Feb. 14. " 
On Friday last Pittsburg, Allegheny-town, and the 
low-land bordering the rivers were visited by the hor- 
rors and devastations of the greatest flood that ever oc- 
curred since the erection of Fort Du Quesne by the 
French. It would be in vain to give the particulars of 
the loss sustained by our fellow citizens — to describe 
the perilous escapes from the raging element — or the 
alarm that pervaded the city at the prospect of general 
inundation. An eye witness of the terrific scene, we 
can but faintly pourtray the destruction and distress by 
which it was attended. 

On Thursday evening last, in consequence of the im- 
mense rains that had fallen and the rapid thaw, the 
rivers rose to an unusual height — many houses adja- 
cent to the rivers became untenantable. During the night 
many famiUes were awakened b}» the flood pouring in- 
to their dwellings, and many effected their escape at 
the risk of their lives. The shrieks and cries of the wo- 
men and cliildren could be heard throughout the night 
On Friday the rivers rose with astonishing rapidity — 
and deluged parts of the city with such celerity that the 
inmates of dwellings were obliged to fly for personal 
safety without stopping to save their moveables. But 
thanks to an overruling Providence, tliough the inunda- 
tion was sudden and unexpected, no lives were lost. 
The untiring efforts of the benevolent were exerted to 
the utmost to secure the persons and property of their 
suffering fellow citizens. Great interest was excited 
with regard to the aqueduct and Allegheny bridge. 
Thousands were attentive spectators of the triumphant 
resistance with which the former noble structiire re- 
ceived the rude shocks by which it was assailed. The 
river rose upwards of a foot above Uie floor of the acque- 
duct — large masse.*; of drift wood clustered round the 
piers and pressed against its whole extent and notwith- 
standing these untoward circumstances, it stood the 
fierce ordeal without sustaing the least injury. Great 
credit is due to the architect Mr. Lothrop. The Alle- 
gheny bridge would have been inevitably carried along 
with the ruins of the aqueduct. 

It is impracticable to estimate the precise amount of 
damage, but it will not surpass the reality to say it ex- 
ceeds two hundred thousand dollars. Several weather- 



1832.] 



GIRARD'S LEGACY. 



12T 



boarded houses were carried away or displaced — bales 
of cotton and cotton manufactory machinery damaged 
— lumber, dry goods, groceries, furniture, &c. destroy- 
ed or injured— and the foundations and the superstnic- 
tures of brick houses sunk and rent, to such an extent 
that the above sum would hardly repair the loss. 

The rivers rose about l/iirtij-one feet above low water 
mark — of course this flood exceeded the memorable 
" pumpkin flood," of November 10, 1810, by ;ibout two 
or three feet The first flat of Allegheny -town was 
completely inundated. In the city, the following ground 
was submerged, viz; the whole Point to Union street — ( 
and generally nortli of Liberty. The water ascended 
Wood street to the middle of Second — the corner of 
Diamond and Jail alleys, and the corner of Market and 
Liberty streets. 

There are numbers thrown by this sudden calamity, 
on the sympathy and charity of their neighbours. Let 
us indulge the noblest dictates of humanity, and relieve 
speedily the wants of the poor and the needy. 

Columbia, Feb. 16. 

The ice below us at Turkey Hill, has not yet moved: 
At this place the river is nearly clear of ice — what 
remains is fast wearing away. The water is about five 
feet above low water mark. 

Our Baltimore mail now comes by the way of HaiTis- 
bur^, but as soon as the river is clear of ice, and the 
ferry in operation, the usual direct intercourse with the 
south and west may be expected. 

The damage done at Washington during the late 
break of the Susquehanna, was very considerable. The 
water was so high in Front sti-eet, that all the people 
living on it, were compelled to move. The new two- j 
story ware-house of A. S. Herr, was taken from its foun- ) 
dation and crushed; the wall of the mill owned by 1 
Samuel (;. Bonham, of York county, is so much injur- ' 
ed, that it is feared the whole building will fall; the [ 
store-house occupied by Mr. Killy, is much shattered; ( 
the distillery of Jacob Manning is thrown into confu- 1 
aion; and all the cooper's shops and sheds on the lower 
side of Front street, are lying helter-skelter. The | 
lumber belonging t« Jesse Hoberts, was also moved j 
&nd considerably broken. — Columbia S/it/. 

TnwASDA, Fed. 16. I 
The late storm filled up the narrows on both sides of 
the river above this borough, and prevented all travel ! 
along the river for several days. We are informed ! 
that the snow was five and six feet deep in places. 
Wherever the road was not travelled as the snow fell, it 
is yet impossible to get along with horses, on account ' 
of the crust hurting their legs at almost every step they I 
would take. Travelling has not been as bad for many 1 
years as it is at present. — Settler. [ 

MiLTox, Feb. 16. j 
Two arks passed this on Tuesday last, laden with bi- 
tuminous coal, for the low markets. This, so early in 
the season, is something unusual. 

Such a scene has never before occurred in our 
neighbourhood, as that produced by the rise of the 
Ohio river and Big Beaver creek, on Friday and Satur- 
day last The water at the junction of those streams 
was seven or eight feet higher than ever was known be- 
fore. Bridgewater, Sharon, and Fallston were all inun- 
dated, as well as the buildings up and down the river. 
In some of the houses the water w.asup in the second 
Btory, and most of them near the ceiling in the first A 
great many light buildings were carried away, together 
■vtith hay and grain stacks and fences. The loss in the 
range where the water flowed is incalculable. 

Among the sufferers in this vicinity, Stephen Stone, 
Esq. is the greatest lie estimates his loss at near ten 
thousand dollars. — His old dwelling house and stable 
were carried away: and a large new brick house, lately 



finished.and which cost about 554,000, is so much injur- 
ed that it is believed it will fall — a brick kitchen at- 
tached to it was torn away. Messrs. D. Minis and H. 
J. Wasson suflfered considerable loss, the dwelling hou»o 
of the latter being swept ofT The water was up to the 
ceiling in Gen. Lacock's house, and his stible and other 
out houses; fences and hay stacks Vere all carried away, 
and his valuable Library destroyed. At Sharon, the 
Foundry of Messrs. Darragh and Stow was torn away; 
and at Fallston the Scythe Factory of Mr. I). S. Stone 
was destroyed, and Messrs. Pughs, Wilson & Co. hare 
sustained considerable loss. The islands above and be- 
low have been stripped of every thing, their occupants 
barely escaping with tlieir lives. 

The public works on Beaver creek bare sustained 
little or no injury. — Beaver Jirgui. 



GIRARD'S LEGACY. 



Report of the committee appointed to confer with the 
constituted authorities of the city of Philadelphia, 
and the executors of the late Stephen Girard, Esq. 
relative to the bequest of three hundred thousand 
dollars contained inhis wiU. Read, February 6, 1832. 

Mr. Ashmead, from the committee appointed by a re- 
solution of the House of Representatives, passed Janua- 
ry 14, 1832, to confer witli the constituted authorities of 
the city of Philadelphia, and with the executors of the 
late Stephen Girard, Esq. as to what laws they con- 
ceived it necessary for the Legislature to pass, in order 
to enable the commonwealtli to receive the benefit of 
the bequest of three hundred thousand dollars, contain- 
ed in his will, made the following report which was 
read, viz: 

That in comphance with said resolution, they pro- 
ceeded to the city of Philadelphia, and immediately 
communicated a letter to John M. Scott Esq. president 
of the select council, and to James Page, Esquire, pre- 
sident of the common council, in which they informed 
them of their arrival, and their willingness to co-operate 
with any committee th:it might be appointed upon the 
subject of the will of the late Stephen Gir.ird, Esq. 
Their communication was regularly referred to the 
committee on tlie *' Girard fund," and on the subsequent 
d:iy, a letter was received from Mr. Scott chairman of 
the committee, (which said letter is hereunto annexed 
marked A,) inviting us to meet them the s-ime evening, 
when a skeleton of a bill would be submitted for our 
inspection, embracing such provisions as they conceived 
to be necessary to enable them to carry into full effect 
the will of the late Stephen Girard, Esq. That your 
committee accordingly attended, and co-operated with 
the committee appointed for tliat purpose, and agreed 
upon a bill, which was submitted by the committee on 
the Girard fund to councils on the following Thursday 
evening fortheir approval. That your committee, pur- 
suant to a resolution of the common council, attended 
their deliberations at the time fixed, and took seats with- 
in the bar, when the bill so prepared was definitely 
acted upon by councils and approved. They further 
report, that owing to the indi.'ipositionof Mr. Cope, and 
the absence of .Mr. Du.ane, from the city, they were un- 
able to obtain an inteniew with the executors. They 
however, saw Mr. Chauncey, their counsel, who inform- 
ed your committee, afler perusing the bill which had 
been prepared by councils, that he conceived it to be 
amply sufficient to enable the city authorities to carry 
into effect all the provisions contained in the will of the 
late Stephen Girard, Esquire, and that he knew of no 
objection which the executors could possibly make to 
the same. At his request, your committee agreed to de- 
lay making their rei)ort until he could have an opportu- 
nity of consulting with all the executors on the subject, 
when the result should be immediately communicated. 
This information has since been received in a letter from 
John K. Kane, Esq. solicitor for the citj- of Fhilad«I- 



12S 



CORNER STONE OF THE EXCHANGE. 



[FiSHUART 



phia, which is hereunto annexed, and which they desire 
may be taken as part of their report 
A. 

J. W. ASHMEAD, Esa- 

Chairman nf the Commitlee of Ike Legislature. 
Deah Sin — Your communication to the councils of 
the city was received by those bodies with very great 
pleasure, and referred to their committee on tlie Girard 
fund. On behalf of tliat committee we beg- yourself and 
colleagues to favor us witli an interview at the cham- 
ber of the select council this evening, at 8 o'clock. This 
gratification we should have asked for at an earlier day, 
could we by any possibility have been ready to make 
such communications as would have justified us in giving 
you, gentlemen, the trouble of a meeting. 
We are, with great regard and esteem. 
Your obedient servants, 

JOHN M. SCOTT, 
JAMES PAGE, 
Chairmen of the Girard Committee. 
Januarj' 24, 1632. 
Letter from J. K. Kane, Esq., to J. W. Ashmead, Chair- 
man of the Committee, dated 

Febhuart 3d, 1832. 
Dear Sir— I have seen Mr. Chauncey to-day, and 
write to you at his instance, on behalf of Mr. Girard's 
executors. He says that the executors have a single 
amendment to make to the bill which I have sent you. 
It consists in the omission of the last recital in the pre- 
amble, that which relates to the provision for the col- 
lege, and the injunction of certain other trusts on the 
corporation of the city. Strike out, therefore, after the 
extract from the will and the words "a certain plan 
therein set forth," all that follows to the "now therefore, 
for the purpose of enabling," &c. 

He requests me also to say to you, that the time which 
the executors will be prepared to pay the state the 
S300,00J, will depend upon the trustees of the bank, 
from whom they are to receive it; and that the trustees 
have told him that they will probably be ready by the 
first of April. This must of course be in some small 
degree contingent, as the funds are yet to be got in; but 
the probability is altogether reasonable, that by the 
first of April, the money will be ready for the treasury 
of the state. 

I shall be much obliged to you for occasional informa- 
tion of the prospects and progress of the blU, and will 
do whatever you may think advisable to advance its 
success. 

Very respectfully andti-uly, 

Dear Sir, yours, 

J. K. KANE. 

J. W. AsHMEAD, Esa. 

Philadelphia, 3d, Feb. 1831. 



CORNER STONE OF THE EXCHANGE. 

The 22d was appropriately chosen to lay the Corner 
Stone of the Merchants' Exchange, in Dock street, pre- 
cisely at 12 o'clock, and while the grand civic proces- 
sion was passing the ceremony commenced. The stone 
was laid twenty feet below the surface, with the follow- 
ing inscription: — 

FEBRUARY 22d, ANNO DOMINI 1832, 
Being the hundredth anniversary of the birth-day of the 
illustrious Washington, this corner stone of the Phila- 
delphia Exchange was laid by the President and Direc- 
tors, in the presence of the Stockholders, and a nume- 
rous assemblage of the citizens of Philadelphia. 
ANDREW JACKSON, President of the United States. 
GEORGE WOLF, Governor of the State. 
Directors. 
Joshua Lippincott, President. 
Samuel Comly, William D. Lewis, 

Ashbel G. Ralston, John Siter, 

Alexander Ferguson, Lawrence Lewis, 

William Yardley, Jr. George Handy. 

Thomas A. Alexander, Secretary. 



Building Committee. 
Joshua Lippincott, Ashbel G. Ralston, 

John Siter. 

Ell wood Morris, Clerk of the Works. 

John IC. Kane, Si^Ucilor. 

AVilliam Strickland, .Architect. 

John Struthers, Marble Mason. 

John O'Neill, Carpenter. 

Joseph S. Walter & Son, Bricklayers. 

David Henderson, Marble Quarrier. 

Leiper & Crosby, Stone Quarriers. 

Accompanying the inscription several coins of the 
United States of the coinage of 1832 — the Philadelphia 
Gazette of the 21st instant — and the United States Ga- 
zette of the 22d — the former containing the programme 
of the grand pageant exhibited by the citizens, were 
placed in the stone ; and likewise one of the medals struck 
and distributed in the civic procession. When the ma- 
sons had completed their work, the following neat and 
happy address was delivered by Mr. John K. Kane, to a 
numerous and respectable audience. 

Fellow Citizens. — The edifice, whose deep and 
secure foundation we have assembled to witness, is dedi- 
cated to the uses of a commercial Exchange for the 
city of Philadelphia. Accustomed as we are to the 
rapid and silent advance of every thing about us, from 
the simplicity which chai-acterizes a new settlement, to 
the refinements of splendom- and of wealth, it has 
been a subject of frequent surprise that the commence- 
ment of such a structure should have been delayed so 
long. Yet there are even now those Uving amongst us, 
who perhaps may remember when the site which it is 
to occupy, was the shore of a sluggish and winding 
stream, where the fisherman might dry his nets, — when 
the commerce, which now demands so sumptuous a 
temple, was restricted to the trifling intercourse of a 
petty colony with its parent state, — and when the man- 
ufactures of Pennsylvania were unknown, even to pro- 
phecy ' A few years further back, — less than a century 
and a half from the present moment, — a time not so re- 
mote but that some may be now living who have seen 
and conversed with the witnesses of the fact, — and Phi- 
ladelphia had no existence, and its enlightened and be- 
nevolent founder had not yet printed with his footsteps 
the ground on which it stands! How vast the change! 
effected in a principal degree by the moral, laborious, 
and simple habits, devised to its people from the associ- 
ates of that venerable man! How impressive a com- 
mentary' on our political institutions, and the operation 
of laws, just, uniform, and few! 

What will be the condition of Philadelphia, when a 
period of similar duration shall have again elapsed, — 
when the building which we have founded shall stand 
among the relics of antiquity, another memorial to pos- 
terity of the skill of its architect, — and a proof of the 
liberal spirit, and cultivated taste, which, in our days, 
distinguish the mercantile community! What then will 
be the condition of our country' Will the sun that 
shines above us, so true an emblem of our country's 
glory, still gladden with his beams a free, inteUigent, 
and happy confederacy.' AVill the atmosphere still vi- 
brate on the recurrence of this anniversary, with the 
peahngs of cannon and the shouts of a joyous and grate- 
ful people ' 

It is not for us to look into futurity; — it is enough that 
we are permitted to accept with thank offerings the 
blessings that surround us, — and that we are required 
to labour for their perpetuity, by making those who are 
to follow us, worthy also to enjoy them. — Pouhon'sAm. 
Daily Advertiser. 



The Centennial Anniversary of the birth day of 
WASHINGTON, was celebrated on the 22d instant in 
a very splendid manner — by processions, illuminations, 
&C. , of whiph we propose to furnish a fiiU account a« 
soon aa it can be correctly done. 



HAZARD'S 

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



DEVOTED TO THE PRESERTATIOIf OF EVERT KIND OF USEFDL INFORMATION 


lESPECTISO 


THE STATE. 


EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD. 


VOL. IX.-NO. 9' PHILADELPHIA, MARCH 3, 


1S32. 


NO. 218. 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 

Concluded. 
Report of the Committee nf the House of liepreacntalivcs 
oj Pennsylvania, to iv/iom ircre rifcrred the message of 
the Governor and sundry memorials relating to the abo- 
lition of Lotteries. — Head February 10th, 1832, by 
Mr. Duntup, Chairman. 

We come then, after disposing' of these preliniinary 
positions, to inquire what rights and privilcg-es the seve- 
ral acts of Assembly have conferred upon tlic Union 
Canal Company, of what they coidd dispose, and to 
what extent they are entitled to claim the g-uarantee of 
tlic state. 

They were authorized "to raise by way of lotterj', " 
certiiin sums of money, and we are called upon to de- 
cide 

1. AVhat is the meaning of the words "to raise by 
way of lottery." 

2. What sums they had power to raise. 

3. How much they have raised. 

4. Whetlier the state is discharged of her pledge to 
the companj-. 

It W.-IS earnestly insisted that the company had a right 
to sell absolutely, or from time to time, until the pro- 
ceeds of such sale or assignments would amount to the 
sums they were authorized to raise; and that until the 
moneys they were authorized to raise by way of lottery 
were thus raised, the power of drawing lotteries was 
not exhausted. On tlie other liand it was urged, that 
the clause "to raise by way of lottery," meant tliat as 
soon as the nett proceeds of the lottery yielded the 
.sums re<iuired, it was r.aised; and that, as the comi)any 
had a right to sell gnly the right they had themselves, 
that whetlier the avails of the lottery arose from their 
own management, or that of their assignees, was imma- 
terial. 

The construction contended for by.the company is 
obviously not the true one. The same phrase "to raise 
by way of lottery," is used in all the acts conferring the 
privilege in that of seventeen hundred and ninety-five, 
containing the origin.il grant, in th.at of eighteen hun- 
dred and eleven, giving the power to .sell, and in tlut 
of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, enabling the com- j 
pany to continue the lottery to pay the si.t per cent. if( 
necessarj', and it must therefore be taken in the same | 
sense, unless there is something in the latter acts which 
varies the import given to it by the first, which your , 
committee carmot perceive. Now, by the act of seven- J 
teen hundred and ninety-five, the company were author- [ 
izcd "to raise by way of lottery," four hundred thousand 
dollars, and were tomanage the matter themselves, not i 
having the power to dispose of the privilege till eighteen j 
hundred and eleven. Clearly, tlien, until eighteen j 
hundred and eleven, whatever profits the companies i 
were able to procvire from the lotteries, was so much 
"raised by way of lottery." The profits on the schemes > 
was the amount placed by the process in their treasury. | 
It is only necessary to state the case to secure assent to i 
so evident a proposition. When wc examine the twenty- 
eighth section of the act of eighteen hundred and eleven, 
we find this phraseology: "That there shall be raised, 
by way of lottery, the residue of the original sum, not 
exceeding three hundred and fortv thousand dollai-9 au- 1 
Vol. IX. 17 



thorizcd to be raised by the president," Sec. of tlie i\vxy 
old companies, "pursuant to an act entitled, A u act to 
enable the president and managers of the Schuylkill .and 
Susquehanna navigation, and the president and mana- 
gers of the Delaware and Schuylkill canal navigation, 
to raise, by way of lotterj', the sum of four hundred 
thousand dollars, passed the seventeenth day of April, 
seventeen hundred and ninety-five." Had the company, 
after tlie act of eighteen hundred and eleven, continued 
to exercise the privilege .as they had before, under their 
own management, instead of selling it, the profits on 
the schemes would assuredly have been "proceeds 
raised by w.ay of lottery;" for that act expressly says 
the three hundred nnd forty thousand dollnra, was the 
residue of the original sum, and to be raised pursuant 
to the act of seventeen hundred and ninety -five. Al- 
though the act of eighteen hundred and eleven conferred 
a further privilege upon the company, "if it should ap- 
pear to tliera advisable to sell and assign to any person 
or persons, body politic or corponite, the right to raise 
the said residue of money by way of lottery or lotte- 
rics,upon such scheme or schenics,plan or plans, as they 
may from time to time sanction, or any part thereof, 
from time to time; and such purchasers or assignees 
shall be vested for the term Uicy shall so acquire, with. 
the same rights and privileges as the said corporation," 
it did not thereby mean Jto increase tlie amount to be 
raised by such lottery privilege. 

Now it docs seem to the committee that the construc- 
tion of tliis clause is too plain to be misunderstood. 
Wliat, were the company to sell, any new right, anv 
greater power, tlian they could exercise themselves.' 
No, but the right which they were authorized to use 
themselves, pm-suant to the act of seventeen hundred 
and ninety-five. The use of tlie definite article too 
manifestly points to the right just recited, and ingenui- 
ty cannot torture the all usion to any other than that which 
the company would have possessed if they should not deem 
it advisable to sell. Thc.v had the power under this 
act of raising a specific sum of money, or if they should 
deem it advisable to authorize some one else to do so. 
They had in their report of thirteenth December pre- 
vious, complained bitterly of its unproductiveness, and 
it is probable the trouble a board of managers would 
experience in drawing lotteries which were on the 
old, dull and tedious plan, hiduced them to ask the pri- 
vilege of selUiig out entirely or occasionally. It was a 
niggartUy boon to be sure, but they took it. They did 
deem it advisable to sell, and the first disposal they 
made of their new power was to make an absolute sale 
of it to Mr. Pratt. They sold to him for a per ccntage 
on the schemes, as already stated, but if they had sold 
to him for a gross sum, say one hundred thousand dol- 
lars, the comp.any would have been done with their 
right entirely: They re-purchased the right from Mr. 
Pratt, hut stippose he had chosen to retain it, what right 
would the purchaser have had? Would he have a pri- 
vilege to draw lotteries forever — to any extent — till the 
company would realize out of the sale, the three hundred 
and forty thoiisand dollars' Surely not the latter, for 
having p.artcd ejitirely with the lotterj- privilege for less 
than the third of the sum they had authority to raise 
themselves, they could never get any thing more than 
the consideration of the sale, and so upon the absurd 



130 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



[Marc a 



assumption that "to raise by way of lottery," means 
that tlte lotteries should be carried" on until the company ] 
should reahze from the sale the whole sum autliorized to 
be raised, Mr. Pratt would have had a power with no 
limits of duration, a power of flooding the country with 
lotteries till doomsday. Did the legislature mean, in 
giving a limited power to the company, that it should 
be exercised without limits? Did they mean that tlie 
right to raise thousands should be construed into a right 
to raise millions by their assignee? Did they mean tliat 
when they gave a power to sell a Umited' right, that 
as long as they choose to conduct it themselves, it should 
be exercised within prescribed bounds, but if they sold 
this "same" right, that their assignee should be invested 
with not only a greater power than they had themselves, 
but with a power to which no hmits could be discovered? 
A contract is to be construed in the hght in which each 
party understands it, and it seems to your committee 
indisputable that the legislature and the company could 
have viewed this one in no other sense than that if they 
disposed of the privilege their assignee had the right to 
raise by way of lottery, a sum not exceeding three hun- 
dred and forty thousand dollars, that he had authority to 
raise only what the company could have raised, had 
they retained it in their own hands. 

But suppose, instead of putting the case of an abso- 
lute sale, we put it ns it has been exercised (since the 
re-purchase from Mr. Pratt,) by occasional assignments 
from year to year, or for a term of years, and suppose 
the broker to whom they assign for a term should agree 
to give them only one thousand dollars per anuum, can 
it be believed tliat the legislature meant that he should 
have the power of continuing his specul.ation for three 
hundred and forty years; that in defiance of the state 
he should pour those torrents of corruption over the 
land from generation to generation, until time should 
have worn av.'ay the dissoluble fragments of the com- 
pany itself 

if however one individual can doubt the construction 
of so plain a case, he has but to look a few lines fur- 
ther and he will there 'find that "the purchasers and 
assignees" of the lottery privilege shall be vested for 
the term they shall so acquire with the same rights and 
privileges as the said corporation. Now can any one 
permit himself to be persuaded that the same right is 
another and greater right; th.at after the s.ale it is bigger 
than before; that like the fiiUen angels of Milton, when 
confined to the council chamber of the company, this 
fluct\iating franchise shrinks into a size to suit conveni- 
ence, but when it stalks abroad into the wide arena of 
the dealer in millions, it seems 

"In bigness to surpass earth's giant sons." 
The committee cannot torture the act into any other 
construction than that the assignee h.as no greater right 
than the company, and that as the company had the 
power to sell a right to raise only a specified sum, it is 
immaterial for what they sell it; it is immaterial how 
much or how little they receive as tlie consideration 
of the assignment, and tliat if the purchaser raises 
by means of the lottery the sum the company 
had a right to raise had they held and exercised the au- 
thority themselves they h.ave exhausted tlieir privilege, 
and the commonwealth has redeemed her pledge. 

The committee might perhaps have justly insisted 
upon a more strict construction of the powers confen-ed 
upon the company and their assignees than that which 
they have adopted and might have urged, that they are 
chargeable not merely with the nett proceeds but with 
the gross sum raised by the lottery. They might have 
said that "the language of the grant is, 'not that the 
sum to be brought into the treasury of the company 
shall not exceed three hundred and forty thousand dol- 
lars, but that the amount to be raised shall not exceed 
that sum;"* but it is unnecessary to be so strict, as the 



nett proceeds alone of their schemes far exceed the 
sums they were authorized to raise, and they wUl con- 
clude this portion of their argument with remarking, 
in the language of Chief Justice Marshall, in the case 
cited, that the motive for the restriction or the amount 
to be raised, was not to limit the sum to come into the 
treasury of the company, but to limit the extent of gam- 
ing wliich the corporation may authorize. 

The committee have expatiated more fully upon this 
point than its plain meaning seemed to require. But as 
it is the main point, and if adopted by the House, leaves 
no further doubt that the present exercise of the lottery 
privilege is h. gross usurpation; they have given it the 
attention it required. It is admitted that if the company 
are to be debited with the money raised by their as- 
signee, that the amount of the profits on the schemes, 
which have been drawn exceeds the sums they were 
authorized "to raise by way of lottery," even upon the 
most extravagant calculation the company can adopt 
whether the grant given by the act of eighteen hundred 
and twenty-one, is cumulative and distinct from that of 
eighteen hundred and eleven or not. 

Let us now proceed to discover what sums the com- 
pany and their assignees have a right to raise by way of 
lottery, and to ascertain whether they have not raised 
all that they were entitled to raise. 

Under the powers conferred upon them by the act of 
Assembly of twenty-sixth March, eigliteen hundred and 
twenty-one, the company claim to raise by way of lot- 
tery the balance of the sum of three hundred and forty 
thousand dollars, which was unraised at the date of the 
act, as well as such sums as may be wanted for twenty- 
five years, to pay the interest of six per cent, upon the 
new stock of four hmidred and fifty thousand dollars; 
making twenty-seven thousand dollars per annum from 
the time of the subscription thereof.No calculations were 
exhibited to the committee setting forth the aggregate 
amount of these claims, but the committee wiU take 
the Hberty of doing so to show the House that even upon 
the wildest mode of estimate the company have raised 
more than they were entitled to. 

At the time of the passage of the act of eighteen 
hundred and twenty-one, the company had upon their 
own mode of construction, raised one hundred thirty- 
six thousand and two hundred and fifty dollars of the 
three hundred and forty thousand dollars, which the 
act of eighteen hundred and eleven had authorized 
them to raise. We will take for granted that the toUs 
having been pledged by the company to pay the inte- 
rest on the loans, are not applicable as nett proceeds to 
the payment of the six per cent, to the subscribers in 
case of the lottery privilege. This admission, which is 
more than the company can ask, will place their esti- 
mate of the amount they profess to be entitled to raise 
by way of lotterj- since tlie act of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-one, on more favourable grounds than the case 
•n-ill justify. The amount they claim to raise woul<) 
stand thus on the above suppositions: 
Amount autliorized by the act of 

eighteen hundred and eleven, §340,000 
Received from lotteries up to 
twentj'-sixtli March, eighteen 
hundred and twenty-one, 136,250 

To be raised at the date of the act of eigh- 
teen hundred and twenty-one, 203,750 

Interest claimed on new stock till eighteen 
hundred and forty-six, twenty-five years 
from eighteen hundi-ed and twenty-one, 576, 533 



_ 'See the case of Clark vs. the Corporation of Wash- 
mgton. 12 Wheaton, 52. 



Total amount the company claim to raise by 
way of lottery under the act of eighteen 
hundi-ed and twenty one, 780,283 



The utmost sum therefore the company and their 
assignees had a right to raise upon their own extrava- 
gant mode of estimating, wotild be seven hundred and 



1832.] 



HEPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



131 



eighty thousand two hundred and eighty-three dollars, 
a sum the legislature had little thought they were au- 
thorizing them to raise when they passed the act of eigh- 
teen hundred and twenty-one. 

The committee after showing tlie untenable grounds 
of this calculation, will pre:jent to the liouse the esti- 
mate of what the company can claim to raise l)y way of 
lottery after the act of eighteen hundred and twenty- 
one. In the first item of their account, the company 
charge themselves with only one hundred and thirty- 
si.x thousand, two hundred and fifty dollars, as raised by 
tliem by way of lottery — being the aggregate of what 
they have received from the several contractors since 
tiie act of eighteen hundred and eleven. But the com- 
mittee feel assured that tlie company ought to charge 
the fund they were to raise, with tlie profits made Ijy 
their assignees from the lotteries, and not merely with 
tlie proceeds of tlie sale of the right. This construction 
which tlie committee has put upon the clause "to raise 
by way of lottery," is consistent witli the light in which 
the legislature have considered such privileges gi-anted 
for similar pui-jjoses to other institutions. It would oc- 
cupy too much time, wliich has been already consumed 
beyond the expectation or wish of tlie committee, to 
detail tlie nature and extent and mode of exercise of 
the numerous lotteries granted by the commonwealth to 
other corporations. But it seems from the schemes as 
filed in the office of the Secretary of the Common- 
wealth, that it was uniformly understood that the sum 
to be raised by way of lottery, was the gross profit on 
the scheme prices. 

It is likewise manifest that the company in transfer- 
ring the right of lottery, considered that they were only 
disposing of what they could do themselves and nothing 
more — that the)- were selling to their assignee to raise 
what they miglit have raised themselves, and tliat tlicy, 
as between them .and the commonwealth, were to credit 
the fund to be raised with what was raised by their as- 
signees — tliat if the assignees raised the money, it was 
the same as respected the exhaustion of the privileges, 
as if they had raised it themselves. We can give no 
other construction to the terms in their contracts with 
Allen and M'Intyre of selling "the right, privilege and 
authority to raisj by way of lottery in the state of Penn- 
sylvania, so much of the sum of money which, b)- the 
said act of Assembly, it is perinltled to the said company 
to raise by way of lotten,'," &c. These words can re- 
ceive no other construction than that, .as soon as the 
money authorized to be raised, was raised by their as- 
signee, the privilege was exjiaustcd. To show then 
that there were raised more than the one hundred and 
thirty -six thousand, two hundred and fifty dollars at the 
date of tlie act of twenty-sixth April, eigliteen hundred 
and twenty-one, of the three hundred and forty thousand 
dollai'S, and to explain s.atisfactorily to the house their 
mode of computing the true amount raised under the 
whole privilege, the committee will state tlie grounds 
on which tlicir estimates are made. 

Though the company most proh.ably are cliargcable 
witli the gross amount, the committee will take the pro- 
fits of the lotteries drawn under tlieu' auspicies to be 
the fifteen per cent, upon the scheme prices of the 
tickets, deducting a reasonable sum for expenses. For 
instance, in the third class of the present year, which 
is now projecting, notwithstanding this jiroccdure, 
there are twenty-four thousand eight huudred and four 
tickets, which at the scheme price of four dollai-s each 
ticket, is ninety-nine thousand two hundred and sixteen 
dollars. This sura is the aggregate of all the prizes in 
that scheme, and when they arc drawn, the broker 
claims a deduction of fifteen percent, upon each prize. 
He therefore, upon this scheme, will retain from tlie 
whole amount of prizes fourteen thousand eight hun- 
dred and eighty -two dollars and forty cents, being.fif- 
tcen per cent, upon the scheme price of tickets. This 
estimate of the profit of the broker, is much below his 
actual receipts from the lottery; for the tickets arc gen- 



erally sold at an .advance of fifteen per cent or four dol- 
lars and sixty cents to country dealers, who dispose of 
themfor the most part .at five' dollars, or an advance of 
twent\-five per cent. The gross profit of the lottery 
is therefore at least the fifteen per cent upon the 
scheme price of the tickets, which seems to have been 
a uniform per centage adopted through all the contracts 
of the compan)', and during their own exercise of tlie 
privilege. It is unnecessary to go into any statement 
of the actu.al profits and the imposition practised to in- 
crease them, and it is enough for the purpose of the ar- 
gument to tike what they will gladly admit to be a fa- 
vourable estimate. 

It was alleged, however, that this estimate of fifteen 
per cent, of gjoss profit would be occasionally too high, 
as losses were sometimes sustained l)y the fraud or fail- 
ure of .agents, and by Mr. M'Intyre's being often obliged 
to di-aw his lotteries when not more than three-fifths of 
the tickets w-ere disposed of But if the commonwealth 
were to look into such objections, the inquiry would bo 
endless. It is plain that if Mr. M'lntjTC sells or entrusts 
his tickets to faithless or incompetent persons, the state 
don't stand guarantee for their honesty or capacity to 
pay. He entnists them for his own benefit, and runs 
the risk for the hope of the profit. And again, if he 
draws his lotteries before his tickets are fully disposed 
of, he does so on the day fixed, because it is to his ad- 
vantage to be punctual, expecting with the tickets skil- 
fully reserved to dr.aw a competent portion of the 
prizes. If deduction for such deficiencies, if any ex- 
ist, were to be admitted, Mr. M'Intyre would be fiiirly 
liable to account for prizes drawn by unsold tickets, 
and the commonwealth would thus become a partneri n 
the very business it is her interest to suppress. He is 
an adventurer in the lottery to the extent of the tickets 
on hand at tlie time of the drawing; a purch.aser of the 
unsold tickets. 

The fifteen per cent, deducted from the prizes being 
therefore the true estimate of the gross profits, our 
next inquiry is, what is a reasonable deduction for ex- 
penses of the lotteries' Tliough tlie committee are sa- 
tisfied tliat five per cent, is an ample, and more than 
ample allowance, they are wilhng in their estimates 
to make a deduction of that amount for expenses; 
and to charge only ten per cent, upon the scheme 
prices, as the " nett proceeds of the lotteries." They 
might, from fiicts and reasoning, into which they have 
no disposition to enter, show that five per cent is a 
more than generous deduction, especially since the in- 
troduction of the new contrivance of chances. But 
they merely refer to one of Mr. M'IntjTe's own con- 
tracts, tli.at of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, to 
show that he then agrees to'pay the company eleven per 
cent, considering the four per cent, (the difference be- 
tween the eleven and the fifteen,) as sufficient not only 
to defray the expenses, but to rcnumerate him for all 
his risk, calculating probably on the additional sum for 
which he would be able to sell his tickets over the 
scheme prices. 

Assuming tliereforc, that tlie gross profit of tli<J lot- 
terj' is fifteen per cent, and tliat five percent is a fair 
deduction for expenses, the committee will proceed to 
show what w.as remaining undrawn of the three hundred 
and forty thousand dollars,at thepassage of the actofjcigh- 
teen hundred and twenty-one, and how much h.is been 
drawn since, so as to satisfy the House, that the compa- 
ny and their assignees have most widely exceeded their 
privileges, and trespassed upon the patience ofihe pub- 
lic. 

From the statement number one, furnished by the 
company, pursuant to a resolution of the House, it ap- 
pears that from eighteen hundred and eleven, till eigh- 
teen hundred and twenty-one, the amount of the scheme 
prices of the nine cla-sses which liad been drawn in that 
period, was three million .and sixty -eight thousand dol- 
lai'S. If we .allow ten per cent, which is the fifteen per 
cent gross profit, deducting five for expenses, we hava 



132 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



[MAiica 



three hundred and six thousand eight hundred dollars, 
which deducted from the three hundred and forty thou- 
sand dollars, leaves thu-tv-thi'ee thousand, two hundi'ed 
dollars, as the balance of the old sum unraised, when 
the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one was passed; 
which with the sum of seventy thousand five hundred 
and one dollars and fifty-seven cents, then in the trea- 
sury of the company, admitted to be received from the 
lottery grants, would make the sum of one hundred and 
three thousand seven hundred and one dollars andfiftv- 



some subsequent clause of the same act. The use of 
the past tense here, must necessarily refer to some -prior 
act, there being no phrase qualifying its usual import If 
it had allusion to a new grant, to any other than the old 
lotterv, the language " hereby granted," w'ould have 
been used, or the words "hereafter granted," or "in- 
tended to be granted." 

The committee after the most patient examination of 
the act, are decidedly of opinion that the true meaning 
of it is, " That if the proceeds of the lottery which had 



seven cents, applicable by the directions of the acts of been heretofore granted, will not with the aid of the 

eighteen hundred and nineteen, and eighteen hundred tolls pay six per cent, on the four hundred and fifty 

and twentv-one, to the payment of the six per cent, to thousand dollars, wliich may be subscribed by new sub- 

the new subscribers. We say new subscribers, for the scribers, agreeably to the act of eighteen hundred and 

act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, suspends the nineteen, any deficiency which mny arise in any year 



pledge of tlie avails of the lottery to pay the old stock- 
holders, until the completion of the canal; which after 
all that was said of it in eighteen hundred and twenty- 
seven, can only be considered as finally achieved du- 
ring the last year. 

Any claim of six percent, upon the unforfeited shares, 
from the proceeds of the lottery, is inadmissible. The 
old lottery fund was, it is true, by the act of eighteen 
hundred and nineteen, pledged to pay as well the 
old as the new subscribers, whenever the new subscrip- 
tion should be made, but that pledge could not attach 
until after the act of eig-hteen hundred and twentii--one, 
as the new subscription only took jj^ace then, and by 
that act, the application of the old lottery grant, to pay 
six per cent, tu the old stockholders, was expressly sus- 
pended untU after the canal should be conipletedf and 
as, on the construction the committee have adopted, it 
y^s applicable by the act of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-one, to p.ay the new subscribers, it was exhaust- 
ed before it could be applied to pay the unforfeited 
shares by the payment of the six per cent, to the new 
subscription. To s,\v that any portion of the funds to 
be raised underthe act of eighteen hundred and twenty- 
one, was to be applied to the old stock, is agaijist its 
positive words. 

We come now to another item in the estimate of the 
company; the right to raise, under the act of eighteen 
hundred and twentj'-one, tlie sum of twenty -seven thou- 
sand dollars per annum, to pay the new subscribers 
si? per cent on tlie four hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars. 

But as the committee are decidedly of opinion, that it 
was not intended to give the company a distinct grant, 
but that the proceeds of the old lotten", as far as they 
would go, were first to be applied to pay the six per 
cent, to the new subscribers, and exhausted in such 
payments, before the power to continue the lotteries be- 
yond the three hundred and forty thousand dollars 
should be resorted to, they will proceed to give their 
reasons for this construction. The proper understand- 
ing of the privileges conferred by this act of eighteen 
hundred and twenty -one, is of pecuhar importance, as 
the company will have exceeded their authority, even 
upon their own construction, {that the money received by 
them f rem the proceeds of the sales, is the money riaised by 
tccy of lottery.) if there are not tvv-o distinct powers of 
raising money recognized in it. 

The language of the first part of the section is, " that 
if the proceeds of the lottery granted to the Union Ca- 
nal company, together with the tolls which may be col- 
lected," &c. shall not, for twenty -five years, yield six 
per cent, to the new subscribers, &c. What lottery is 
here alluded to as "granted"' To one thai had liee7i 
already grante^, or as thereby granted' The lotter)' 
that had been gTanted was to "raise the balance of the 



for twenty-five years, shall be paid out of the public 
treasuiy, and if the proceeds of the old lottery .should 
not be sufficient to aid the tolls throughout that period 
to pay the said six per cent, and also six per cent, upon 
the old stock, after the canal is completed, you are by 
this actautliorlzedto continue toi-aise, bi' way of lottery, 
"what may be wanted for the purpose of p.aying six 
percent, to the holders of said stock" during the twen- 
ty-five years. But if the tolls in any oneyear should be 
adequate to the p-aj-ment of six per cent, to the stock- 
holders, you must cease to ch'aw lotteries during such 
year,except as authorized by the act of eighteen hundred 
and eleven, and seventeen hundred and ninety -five, un- 
der which you may proceed as speedily as you please to 
draw any ijalance, be the tolls ever so productive — and 
If there should be any excess overdrawn beyond what 
may be wanted as aforesaid, during that year, to pay 
with the tolls the six per cent, it must be apphed to aid 
the tolls the following year, and thereby lessen the ne- 
cessity of drawing, in am' one year, more than "maybe 
wanted." Thus the act of eighteen hundred and twen- 
tj'-one, though it manifestly designs to extend this per- 
nicious system of finance no further than was absolutely 
necessary to protect the public treasury; yet it does not 
mean to interfere with the privilege of the company to 
raise, or to dispose of the right to raise the balance of 
the tliree hundred and forty thousand dollars, under any 
circumstances, and as soon as they may please. 

Upon a careful consideration of the act, this con- 
struction seems to the committee too manifest to be 
questioned. The provisions of this law were much dis- 
cussed, and as the view which the committee have ta- 
ken of it, will be conclusive of the right of the compa- 
ny upon their own principles of estimating the sums 
which have been raised, the committee take the hbeFty 
of pressing some further arguments upon the indul- 
gence of the House, in aid of their conclusions. 

Thus, when the section alludes, as already stated, to 
the old privilege, it uses the phrase " if the proceeds of 
the lottery granted," meaning that had been granted; 
but when it grants the power " to continue" the lottery 
privilege beyond the balance of the three hundred and 
forty thousand dollars, it uses the terms " hereby an- 
tliorized. " When the act gives the additional privilege 
of continuing the lottery powers, it says: " The presi- 
dent and managers of ihe said company shall be, and 
they are hereby authorized to continue, during the said 
term of twenty-five years, to raise, by w.ay of lottery, 
any suras that may be wanted, for the purpose of paying 
to the holders of the said stock the six per cent, as afore- 
said." 

This is the first clatise alluding to any grant given by 
this act, and if " the lottery" mentioned in the first part 
of tlie section as "granted," was not the old lotterv, 
but a new and distinct gra.nt, to raise six per cent, on 



three hundred and forty thousand dollars. The act of the new subscription, if this power to "continue, &.c. 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, speaks not of a-new ' is the same as "the lottery granted," why again repeat 
grant just then about to be conferred, but uses the past I the authoritv to exercise it. If there had been confer- 
particlple, as designating something done before. As red a new lottery grant whose proceeds, with the tolls, 
the clause quoted could not have reference to a lottery were at once applicable to the payment of the six per 
described in any prior part of the act itself, it must have cent. , why, for tlie first time here, designate its hmits 
alluded to one granted either by some former act, or | and direct anew the appHcatlon of its proceeds. But 



1832.1 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



133 



suppose this clause should be struck out oftlie act, can 
it be pretended that a new power was conferred by tlie 
clause preceding-' It is too manifest that if the compa- 
ny rested on tlie first part of tile section for their power 
to raise more tlian the balance of the three hundred and 
forty thousand dollars, they would have long- ago re- 
sorted to tlie pubhc ti-easiiry to relieve the " disabiUty" 
of the tolls and the lottery proceeds to make the six 
per cent. It is the clause above quoted, and that only, 
which gives any additional privileg-c, refers to any vcw 
graiiC. We must take the enactment then altogether, 
and if we do so, we find the limits of the new privileije 
pecifically defined, and only to be resorted to " for 



when the very clause giving- the power to continue to 
raise the sums wanted, was only to be exercised at all 
when the contingencies of such proceeds being insuffi- 
cient, should arise. But should we still hesitate to de- 
cide w'.iether the proceeds of " the lottery," aUuded to 
in the first p.ai-t of the act as auxiliary to the tolls in 
the payment of the six per cent., we need raise our 
eye a few lines above tlie clause which has been quoted 
at length, to satisfy oui-selves that it is the proceeds of 
the lottery of eighteen hundred and eleven. Can we 
entertain any doubt that the proceeds of the old lottery 
must come in aid of the tolls when we connect what 
has been saict with the iiTefragable. evidence of these 



sums that may be wanted." There are bounds put to prior worJs of the act — " And in order to avoid as far 



this continuing right that are not set to tlie old one. Tliis 
power of continuance is to be used only under a certain 
state of things, tlie first one under any. 

By this clause the company are "authorized to contin- 
ue to raise by way of lottery," Sec. Now can the right 
of continuance be construed to mean something new 
and distinct from what it was a continuance of? Does 
r.ot continue mean to pursue sometliing commenced? 
A man continues his walk, or liis habits, his business or ' 
his dissipation, and in doing so, he goes on in the old 
way. He is but proceeding -with what he had com- 
menced. The power to continue don't mean that the 
company should begin afresh, but that they might pro- 
>ceed with and extend what they had been di'udging at 
for five and twenty years. 

For what purpose were these sums to be raised by 
the continuance of the lottery "wanted?" Was it to 
pay the interest on the stock at alt events, under every 
circumstance' No; but "for the purpose of paying to 
the holders of said stock the six per cent, as aforesaid." 
Paying six per cent, "as aforesaid," means in the man- 
ner before specified. How then had the six per cent, 
been directed in the previous p.art of the section to be 
paid' out of what fund ' Why, from "the proceeds of 
the lottery gi-anted and the tolls which may be collect- 
ed." Then surely as long as the lottery proceeds or 
the tolls were competent to pay tlie six per cent, 
no sum could "be wanted" from the additional source 
— there would be no need of the exercise of the contin- 
uing power. There were two contingencies under 
which this new power could alone be brought into ac- 
tion; the failure of the lotterj", and the failure of the tolls 
to pay the six per cent. Now those who construe the 
Act of eighteen hundred and twenty -one, .as conferring 
a new and distinct grant, wholly applicable to the pay- 
vment of the six per cent, and unconnected witli tlie old 
one, must confine themselves to one contingency alone 
— that oftlie failu re of the tolls: for if it were not the 
proceeds of tlie old lottery that was to aid the tolls, tlie 
new lottery would be always in requisition, whenever 
there were a deficiency of tolls to pay the six per cent. 
But the fii-st part of the act expressly saye, that the six 
per cent, to new subscribers was payable primarily out 
of " the proceeds of the lottery, and tlie tolls which 
may be collected," and the latter clause says that no 
new privilege is conferred, except " to raise any sums 
that mav be wanted to pay the six per cent .as afore- 
said." So there must have been two wants before the 
continuing power could be used — that of tlie deficiency 
of the lottery proceeds, and the deficiency oftlie tolls 
collected. When in the prior portion of the section, 
" tlie proceeds of the lottery" arc referred to as appli- 
cable to the payment of the six per cent, what lottery is 
designated? If it were the lottery granted by the act 



possible all disability to pay such interest, so much of 
tlie third section of tltt act aforesaid, as pledges any 
portion of the moneys or nett jirofits oTthe lottery afore- 
said, to the payment of the holders of sliares not for- 
feited in the late Delaware and Schuylkill, and Schuyl- 
kill and Susquehanna canal companies, be, and the 
same is hereby suspended until the can;d shall be com- 
pleted, &c." The "lotterj- aforesaid" is of course "the 
lottery" spoken of in the first part of the section, there 
being no otlier to wliich the word " aforesaid" would 
apply. The lotterj', the proceeds of which were to 
aid the tolls in payment of thc-six per cent, to the new 
subscribers, is tlie onl)' one referred to by the word 
"aforesaid." It is then "the lottery granted," which 
is pledged by " the act aforesaid." When we come to 
examine what act "aforesaid" it is, that pledges the avails 
and nett proceeds of " the lottery aforesaid" to the un- 
forfeited shares, we fincFthe only act alluded to by the 
phrase "the act aforesaid," to be the act of eighteen 
hundred and nineteen, cited in tlie first few lines of the 
section. That of eighteen hundred and nineteen was 
the act which pledged the avails and proceeds of the 
lottery to pay six per cent, to the old stockholders. 
Now when this act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one 
uses the terms "the lottery granted," as the lottery, 
the proceeds of which were to aid the tolls to pay the 
six per cent and afterwards to designate tliat lottery, 
points to it as the lottery which had been pledged by 
an act passed two ysars before, can it be possible that 
it is a new lotterj- grant _/Jrs/ conferred by, and owing its 
existence to the vcrv' act which speaks of it as having 
existed two years, aye, six'and twenty years before its 
passage ' 

If then, "the lotterj'" in the first part of the first sec- 
tion of tlie act of eigllteen hundretl and twenty-one is 
the lottery, the proceeds of which were pledged bj' the 
third section of the act of eighteen hundred and nine- 
teen, it is clear as the noondaj' sun, tliat it is the pro- 
ceeds oftlie oHlotter)' to raise the balance of the tliree 
hundred and forty thousand dollars, that are to be the 
first appropriated under the proWsions of the act of 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, to aid the tolls in pay- 
ing the interest on the new subscription, before resort 
can be had to the power to continue the lotteries, if 
any sums should be wanted to aid the tolls and the pro- 
ceeds of the lottery granted in paving such six percent 
To get clear of this obvious direction of tlie act, it 
would do to s:iy that the lottery designated under the 
phrase "the lottery granted," in tlie act of eighteen 
hundred and twenty-one, is not the lotterj' authorized 
by the acts of eighteen hundred and eleven, and seven- 
teen hundred and ninctt-fivc, because such construc- 
tion would impair the right of the free disposal of the 
bounty and would give a new direction of the former 



of eighteen hundred and twentj-onc, as is contended pledge of its proceeds, when it is so plainly pointed out 
for by the company, then it would have been enough to ' as not to be misunderstood. We should recollect that 
have referred to the disability of the tolls alone to pro- j the pledge of tlie proceeds oftlie lottcrjto the payment 
duce tlie cu-cumstances under which the power of con- of six per cent, to the stockholders, by the third 
tinuing to raise money by lottery w.as exercisable. It section of the act of eighteen hundred and nineteen, 
would be absurd to s,ay, if the proceeds of the lottery ! was a benefit, the enjoyment of which tlicj' might fore- 
granted by this act, or the tolls collected should be in- 1 go; a bountv which for their own advantage they could 
sufficient to paj' the six per cent., that then what stuns I appropriate to the payment of interest upon loans or 
should be wanted should be continued to be raised; | any other legitiiiute object. The operation was but 



134 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



[Marcb 



taking the money out of their six per cent, pocket, to 
put it into the pocket to which their loan holders would 
make application for their interest. But in fact this 
pledge was only partially suspended — only as respects 
the old share holders, and left in full force as relates to 
the new subscribers. 

But the committee respectfully to those who may dif- 
fer from them, intimate that tlie pledge to the old share 
holders never took effect till after the act of eighteen 
hundred and twenty-one; as it was given on the condi- 
tion that the new stock of twenty -five hundred should 
be first subscribed, which in fact was not done when 
that act passed. The act of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-one suspended not the pledge, for tliat had not 
attached, but "so much of the third ocction of the act 
of eighteen hundred and nineteen, as pledges any por- 
tion of the avails or nett proceeds of the lottery," to 
pay six per cent, to the old stock till after the com- 
pletion of tlie canal. 

The act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one seems 
to have been intended as a recognition and re-enact- 
ment of the old lottery privilege, preserving the pledge 
of its proceeds as directed by tlie act of eighteen hun- 
dred and nineteen, except the temporary suspension 
affecting the old stockholders and giving as already 
stated, a new power to continue to raise from the sums 
as may be necessary to meet the purposes set forth. 
That the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one in- 
tended to re-enact and sanction the drawing of the ba- 
lance of the three hundi-ed and forty thousand dollars, 
as the act of eighteen hundred and eleven, had the ba- 
lance of the four hundred tliousand dollars, and to em- 
brace the old right and tiie power of continuance, both 
within its provisions; the committee conceive to be 
strongly implied by the terms of the proviso. This 
part of the act is in these words: "Provided, that 
whenever the nett proceeds of the tolls shall amount to 
the said six per cent , the privUege hereby granted of rais- , 
ing money by lottery, shall during such time be sus- 
pended, except so far as is authorized by existing 

iaws" - . J. 

Now, if the privUege granted by this act was a dis- 
tinct and new power, intended for, and sofe/^ appUca- 
ble to the paj-ment of the interest upon the six per cent, 
to the new subscribers, it is a privilege conferred by this 
act above, and not by any former laws. Why then ex- 
cept from the operation of the proviso that portion of 
the privilege which is authorized by existing laws > No 
portion of this privilege to raise money exclusively to 
pay interest to new subscribers out of a lottery fund 
Sistinct from the old one, was authorized by any other 
act than the one containing the proviso. Why then, 
when restricting the exercise of a power conferred by 
the act of eighteen hundi-ed and twenty-one alone, ex- 
cept from the operation of the restriction that portion 
of the power which was authorized by other laws when 
no other law conferred any portion of the power. The 
privilege therefore which is designated in the phrase 
•' the privilege hereby granted of raising money, is 
not merely a new and distinct grant; but the old grant 
recognized and re-sanctioned by this act, and the further 
power of continuing the lottery as just given above. If 
we adopt any otiier construction we render tiie excep- 
tion absurd. " But by diis one we render plain the mean- 
ing of the terms " except so far as is authorized by ex- 
isting laws," as having reference to the old priv-ilege 
which it was permitted to pursue, whether tiie tolls co- 
vered the six per cent, or not. The phrase " existing 
laws," is equivalent to prior acts, and refers to those of 
eighteen hundred and eleven, and seventeen hundred 
and ninety-five. If the tolls were adequate to the pay- 
ment of the six per cent, the new power was to cease 
its operations, but the old power was permitted to op- 
erate as formerly, without restriction short of raising the 
whole amount; but its proceeds " in no event" were to 
be divided over six per cent, on the stock of the compa- 
ny but the excess was to be reserved to meet any defi- 



ciency that might occur in the tolls of the following 
year. 

There is another strong argument in favor of this 
construction of the act, djawn from the suspension of 
the pledge of "the lottery proceeds to the old subscri- 
bers. Is it not too manifest to be mistaken, that if it 
were not the proceeds of the old lottery, this with the 
aid of the tolls, were to be applied to pay the interest on 
the new subscriptioi*, under the provisions of the act of 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, that there would be 
no propriety in suspending the right of the unforfeited 
shares to receive the proceeds of it, so as to enable 
tiiem to pay the new subscribers? The act s.iys: " In 
order to avoid, .as far as possible, all disability to pay 
such interest, (that is, the interest on the new stock,) 
so much of the act of eighteen hundi-ed and nineteen, 
as pledges any portion of the avails or nett proceeds of 
the lottery to the paj-ment of an annual interest to the 
holders of shares not forfeited in the old companies, be 
and the same is hereby suspended." Now if " the lot- 
tery granted" by the act of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-one, was a new and distinct grant, the proceeds 
of which were alone appUcable to the payment of the 
six per cent, its proceeds surely had never been pledg- 
ed. Why would you suspend an application of its pro- 
ceeds to the old stock, when, if the lottery power owed 
its origin to the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, 
its proceeds could not have been pledged by the act of 
eighteen hundred and nineteen' This would be liber- 
ating it from a burthen to which it never had been sub- 
ject: it would be relieving its proceeds from an apphca- 
tion to which they had never been bound. If" the lot- 
tery" mentioned Ln tiie first part of the first section of 
the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, the pro- 
ceeds of which were applicable to the payment of the 
six per cent, were not the old lottery of eighteen hun- 
dred and eleven, there was no necessity of discharging 
it from such application, to enable it, the better, to pay 
the new subscribers. If it were a new distinct lottery, 
indebted for its existence to the act of eighteen hundred 
and twenty-one alone, how could its proceeds have 
been pledged by an act passed two years before. 

The argument, that if the act of eighteen hundred 
and twenty-one, intended to apply the proceeds of the 
old lottery to the payment of the six per cent, to the 
new subscribers, it were very easy for it to say so; and 
that the omission to do so expressly is evidence of itsjnot 
being intended, falls to the ground, when we find the 
act so evidently makes the appropriation. 

The fact of the company's selling the privilege con- 
ferred by the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, 
shows that they viewed it as a branch of the old concern, 
and that they considered it necessary to preserve the 
connexion with the act of eighteen hundred and eleven, 
for the purpose of maintaining the power to sell, which 
is not alluded to in the act of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-one. If the privilege granted in the act 
of eighteen hundred and twenty-one is distinct and 
cumulative, having no connexion with that of eigh- 
teen hundred and eleven, there might be very strong 
ground for doubting the power to assign it; but 
as the company, by their contracts of eighteen hundred 
and twenty-one and eighteen hundred and twenty-four, 
acknowledge their only authority as derived from the 
act of eighteen hundred and eleven, they necessarily 
are clear of any difficulty as to the ability of disposing 
of the additional continuing power. They have, in the 
contracts, given a contemporaneous consttuction to the 
lottery privilege, consistent with the true meaning of 
the act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one. 

There is another view of the matter which strengthens 
the committee in their construction. When the act of 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one was about to pass, 
the friends of the canal, ever sanguine of their success, 
and not disheartened by the obstacles they continually 
encountered, confidently anticipated an ample remune- 



1832.] 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



135 



ration for all their toil. High hopes of profit had, from 
the earliest period of their project, cheered tliem in 
their efforts. To be satisfied of this, we need only ap- 
peal to the acts of Assembly tluit pave them existence, 
and extended their privilcijes. The act of seventeen 
hundred and ninty-one, and seventeen hundred and 
ninety-two, talk of a ]M-ofit of twenty-five per^cent. 
— that of eighteen hundred and seven of a sur- 
plus fund; the act of eighteen hundred and eleven, even 
of raising a fund out of an excess of dividends over 
twenty-five per cent, to buy out the canal and make it 
free; and the act of eighteen hundred and nineteen of 
reducing the dividends to twelve per cent. ; and it was 
confidently predicted that five hundred thousand dol- 
lars, the amount to be subscribed by individuals and the 
state, would finish the whole work. But dams and 
feeders, steam engines and tunnels, were to be encoun- 
tered and provided, and instead of the new subscription 
answering the purpose, the comp,any have been obliged 
to involve themselves in loans, to the amount of one mil- 
lion, four hundred and thirty tliousand dolUirs. How 
easy was it, however, under the flattering anticipations 
of eighteen hundred and twenty-one, for the company 
to say to the legislature, "only give us the pledge of the 
state for twenty-five years, to induce anew subscription, 
and a further continuance of the privilege, and we will 
soon relieve the commonwealth from her engagement, 
by the proceeds of the lotteries and the tolls." They 
would say that "the proceeds of the lottery fund alone, 
will nearly pay the interest till the can.al is completed, 
when tlie tolls will surely be adequate to such purpose. 
We expect yet, from the proceeds of the lottery, nearly 
forty thousand dollars, which, with the proceeds from 
that fund on hand, amounting to seventy thousand five 
hundred and one dollars, and fifty -seven cents, now in- 
vested in good stock, will, with the interest thereon, 
certainly keep the stite clear for nearly four years; and 
by that time we will be in the receipt of tolls, which 
will be daily increasing. The state, perhaps, may not 
be called upon for a dollar, especially if we have the 
power of continuing the lottery privilege when it may 
become nece'ssar)-; and we will agree to draw each year 
no more than is necessary to keep down tlie interest." 
The legislature granted their request, with all the re- 
strictions upon the spirit of gaming, consistent with 
the safety of the public treasury-, which had, under the 
same act, appropriated to the aid of the company fifty 
thousand dollars, by the subscription of two hundred 
and fifty shares. 

If the preceding reasoning on the construction of the 
act of eighteen hundred and twenty-one is sound, the 
company could not, in making tlieir estimates, claim to 
draw any lotteries under the continuing poweruntil the 
old lottery should be exhausted, and the tolls are in.adc- 
quate to tlic payment of tlic six per cent, on the new 
subscription. The company having long ago exhaust- 
ed the baKance of the three hundred and forty thousand 
dollars, have no similar privileges except the' power to 
continue tlie lottery, provided the tolls will not pav the 
six per cent, on the new subscription of four hundrc<l 
and fifty thousand dollars. 

The company however, in opposition to the plain 
meaning of the act of eighteen hundred and twent\-- 
one, s;iy, that no portion of either the tolls or the old 
lottery is applicable to the payment of the interest on 
the new stock, the proceeds of both being mortgaged 
to loan holders, the interest due whom amounts to eighty- 
five thous.and eight hundred dollars per annum. Aiid 
they make their estimates in this manner: 
Balance of the lottery at date of act of eigh- 
teen hundred and eleven, $340 000 
Raised, up to the date of the act of eighteen 

hundred and twenty-one, 136 250 



IS yetto rajse; all the money they have raised since the 
act of eighteen hundred and twenty -one being, they 
aUege, procured under the power conferred by that 
.act has been exclusively applied to pay the interest to 
the new subscribers. 

Since the act of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-one, from sixteenth January, 
eighteen hundred and twenty-two, till 
fourth January, eighteen hundred and 
thirty-two, they s,ay they have raised in 
pursuance of that act 
Of which they have applied to pay interest 
on the new subscription. 

Leaving over drawn and to be preserved 
to supply any deficiency of the tolls to 
pay the interest on the new subscrip- 
tions. $79,677 46 

Now it does seem to the committee upon this very 
mode of computation the company are transgressing their 
privileges, in continuing the exercise of the new lottery 
gTint. Here they have, under the new lottery power, 
nearly as much accumulated from the proceeds of the 
s.ile of it as will pay three years interest of the new sub- 
scription, and yet they persist in their lotteries under 
this act, although it enjoins "that it shall in no event be 
lawful to divide any sum arising from said lotterj- over 
SIX per cent, upon the stock of said company, it being 
the intent and meaning of this act that all such excess 
shall be reser\-ed to meet anv deficiency thereof that 
may occur at any time in the tolls." Now, if this sur- 
plus is to be reserved to meet the deficiency in the tolls, 
why not apply it and so save the necessity of drawing 
lotteries for three years. 

But the proper mode of making the estimate by the 
company, (taking the old lottery as applicable to the 
payment of the six per cent, on the new subscription,) 
would be as follows: 

B.alance of old lottery to be raised at the 
d.ate of the act of eighteen hundred and 
f'e^en- ?203,750 00 

Raised since, up to fourth January, eigh- 
teen hundred and thirty-two, ' 269,210 40 



Leaving against the company over drawn of $65,459 40 



B-il-ance of old lottery, ' ?203,750 

This sum of two hundred and three thousand seven 



It is manifest thci-efore, on the company's own posi- 
tion (that the proceeds of the sale of the lottery is the 
money they have raised from them,) they have over- 
drawn their privilege sixty-five thousand four hundred 
and fifty-nino dollars and sixty cents, even without em- 
bracing the tolls, though expressly directed to go in aid 
of the p.a_vment of the interest. But the company as- 
sume the untenable position that neither the proceeds 
of the old lottery nor the tolls are applicable to the 
p.aj-ment of the six per cent, to new subscribers. If 
these positions are wrong, the company, on their own 
mode of comput.ation, h.ave entirely exhausted their 
lottery privileges; andth.at they arewTongthe commit- 
tee entertain but little doubt. They think that as to the 
first, they have cle.arly estiblished the point, that it is 
the proceeds of the' old lottery, which by the act of 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, were to go in aid of 
tlie tolls to pay the .six per cent on the new subscrip- 
tion. The comp.any however, s,ay, that tlie proceeds of 
that lottcn- were pledged by the act of eighteen hun- 
dred and nineteen, to the p.aymcnt of six per cent, to the 
new subscribers, and being given as a bounty, have been 
legally appropriated by the company to pay the interest 
on their loans. The power of doing so the committee 
do not desire to dispute, but tliey are decidedly of opin- 
ion, that if the stockholders, instead of applying its 
proceeds to the payment of the six per cent., choose to 
relieve themselves by p.aying their own debts with it, 
I they h.ave no right to call on the public (reasury to 



hundred and fifty dollars of the old lottery, they say, ' dcmnify them for a disability of their own 'c'rcation. 



136 



REPORT UPON LOTTERIES. 



[Mabch 



The old lottery avails were, by the act of eighteen hun- 
dred and twenty-one, to pay the six percent., and have 
been exhausted in such payment, and a surplus from tlie 
whole lottery fund ' remains in the hands of the com- 
pany. 

Have the company a right then to go on and draw lot- 
teries under the continuing power confeiTed by the act 
of eighteen hundred and twenty-one. The comniittee 
say not, for two reasons: First, the company could only 
use that power when the lottery proceeds failed to pay 
the six per cent: — Second, when tlie tolls were inade- 
quate to do so. The first disability does not now exist, 
for there is now on hand of the lottery proceeds as mucli 
as would pay the interest on the six per cent., for more 
than two years. 

The toils of the company are so far from being inad- 
equate to the payment of the six per cent, on the new 
subscription, that even this year, ending first Novem- 
ber, eighteen hundred and thirty-one, their gross pro- 
ceeds are now more than double the amount of the six 
per cent, the first year the canal may be said to be en- 
tirely complete, and to need no fui-ther repairs than 
those that are ordinary. The tolls of tlie year ending 
first November, eighteen hundred and tliirtv, amount- 
ed to thirty-five thousand, one hundi-ed and thirty-three 
dollars and eighty-two cents, and this year to fifty-nine 
thousand, one hundred and fifty-three dollars, nearly 
double the amount required to save the state from the 
liabihtv of her guarantee. And yet the Union Canal 
company can stand up and allege that they have a 
right to continue the di-awing of extensive lotteries, in 
tlie face of these proceedings of the legislature. 

But it is alleged by the company that these tolls are 
pledged to the loan holders, who have lent money on 
the faith of this pledge, and Uiat they cannot be called 
nett proceeds of tolls, and apphcable to the six per 
cent, to the new subscribers whilst they are applied to 
the payment of the interest on loans of the company. 
The committee do not undertake to dispute the proprie- 
ty and power of such application; it is not necessary 
for them to do so. For if the tolls are pledged to p.ay 
the stockholders by the act of eighteen hundi-ed and 
nineteen, if they belong to them, they may mortgage 
them as tliey can; as the company is bound for the pay- 
ment of the interest to their loan holders they may as 
weH pay it with the tolls as from theh- pockets. But 
the committee are decidedly of opiruon that the_v must 
relinquish the right to call on the guarantee of the state 
pro tanto. If they take the toUs to pay the interest on 
theloans, instead of applying them to pay the si.T per 
cent, to the new subscribers, as directed by the act of 
eighteen hundred and twenty-one, they cannot call upon 
the state to redeem her guarantee, as it is expressly con- 
fined to the cases in which the tolls are not inadequate 
to that pm-pose. The insufiiciency of the tolls collect- 
ed is made a condition precedent to the attaching of the 
liability of the pubhc treasury. Every year tlierefore 
that the nett proceeds of the tolls .are competent to the 
payment of the six per cent., the state is no further 
bound. It was certainly not contemplated, at the time 
of the passage of the act of eighteen hundi-ed and twen- 
ty-one, that the company would be necessitated to bor- 
row money; at least to any great extent. The report of 
the commissioners of internal improvement tliatyear, is 
decidedly of the opinion that the five hundred thousand 
dollars to be subscribed by subscribers and by the state, 
would be adequate or nearly so to the construction of 
the works. As the necessity of borrowing money and 
appropriating their toUs to the pa)-ment of the interest 
on the debt, wiis not in the view of the legislature at 
that time, the guarantee of the state w<as cheerfully 
accepted upon the po'sitive condition, th.at if tlie tolls 
"which may be collected shall not yield a sum equal to 
an annual interest of six per cent." upon four hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars to be subscribed by new sub- 
scribers, thenthe deficiency is to be made up by war- 
rants drawn by the Governor on the ti-easury. Certain- 
ly then whenever the "toUs which may be collected," 



are equal to an interest oruthe instalments paid up under 
the new subscription, tliere is not that state of things 
to justify a call by the company on the funds of the state. 
They have only a right to call on the Governor to draw 
his warrants to supply what may be -wanted. If tlien the 
tolls are inadequate to such purpose, how can there be 
a deficiency to justify the caU on the treasury. If the 
stockholders choose to apply the tolls to other purposes, 
they forego tlie pajTnent to themselves — can any one 
insist with the least plausibility tliat the appropriation of 
toUs to other purposes by the company herself, lessens 
their amount or changes the state of things under which 
the guarantee of the state comes into operation. 

The House must feel satisfied therefore, tliat as long 
as the tolls of the Union Canal company,which by the last 
report amounted to fifty-nine thousand one hundi'ed and 
fifty -three dollars, and will certainly increase from year 
to year; will cover the twenty-seven thousand dollars, 
(the six per cent, to the new subscribers) the state has 
nothing to fear respecting her guarantee. 

The committee will leave this point, wliich they con- 
ceive to be as plain as any of the others they have en- 
deavoured to establish, and proceed to show that the 
company have exhausted their lottery privileges even 
upon the most extravagant mode of estimating the 
amoimt their ingenuity can suggest. Giving the com- 
pany more than they can ask; that they have two distinct 
lottery gi*ants, the last of which is alone apphcable to 
the payment of the six per cent, and giving them the 
right to take away the fund which the state has placed 
between her and the operation of her pledge, and al- 
lowing tliat this right of drawing lotteries is to be prac- 
tised for the whole period of the twenty -five years, and 
afterwards to raise the two hundi'ed and three thousand 
seven hundi-ed and fifty dollars of the old grant; they 
have even upon all these presumptions "raised by way 
of lottery," on the principles which the committee hope 
they have satisfactorily established, more money than 
they were entitled to raise four times over. 

Granting for argument's sake then to the comp.any, tliat 
they were entitled by the acts of eighteen hundred and 
eleven, and eighteen hundi'ed and twenty-one, to raise 
the balance of the old lottery, which they claim to do, 
of two hundred and thi'ee thousand seven hundred and 
fifty dollars; and that tliey have also a right to raise the 
interest on the new stock as it was paid in, for the whole 
twenty -five years, amounting to five hundred seventy- 
six thousand five hundi'ed and thirty-three dollars; ma- 
king an aggi'egate of seven hundred eighty thousand 
two hundred and eighty-thi'ee dollars — yet upon this ex- 
ti'avagant estimate they have extended their privilege 
beyond conception. 

The following list of schemes in each year, as furnish- 
ed by the company, in pursuance of a resolution of the 
House, shows the amount of the lotteries drawn in each 
year from the passage of the act of eighteen hundred 
and eleven, till the begimiing of the present year: 

Year. Smount of Schemes. Year. Amount of Schemes. 

1812 $350,000 1822 §178,295 

1814 400,000 1823 132,976 

1815 400,000 1824 318,300 

1817 555,000 1825 1,209,640 

1818 528,000 1826 1,127,875 

1819 200,000 1827 1,210,172 

1820 475,000 1828 1,308,763 

1821 160,000 1829 2,705,748 
Raised 'tai 1830 4,772,882 

theactof 1831 5,216,240 

1821, §3,068,000 



Raised since 
the act of 

1831 48,180,891 
3,068,000 



21,248,891 



Ten per cent, on the above, is $2,124,8 



1832.] 



PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. 



137 



It appears from the above list of lottery schemes, 
that they liave amounted, from the date of the .act of 
eig'htccii hundred .ind eleven, ujitil tliat of eighteen 
hundred and twenty-one, to tlirec million sixty -eight 
thousand dollars,and from tlicpass.ig'C of the latter. act till 
the bcg-iiininfj of the present year, to eig-hteen million one 
hunih-ed and cightythousand one hundred and ninety-one 
dollars, making an aggregiite of twenty-one million two 
hundred forty-eight tJiousand eight hundred and ninet}- 
one dollars; ten per cent, upon which will show tliat 
tlic company has raised by way of lottery, through the 
medium of tlicir assignees, a " nett profit" of two mil- 
lion one hundred twenty-four thousand eight hundred 
and eighty-nine dollars. If we take from tliis amount 
raised, the sum of seven hundred eighty thousand two 
himdred and eighty-tlu:ee dollars, which they pretend 
to claim a power to raise, we find they have exceeded 
their own estimate, by one million tliree hundred forty- 
four thousand six hundred and six dollars. 

There is one more light in wliich the committee ask 
the indulgence of the Uouse to place this subject, and 
they are done. 

The Union Canal company say they liave received, 
on their own mode of estimating the proceeds of tlie 
lotteries. 
From the act of eighteen hundred and eleven 

till that ofcighteen hundi-ed and twenty-one, §136,250 
And since the latter act to the present year, 269,210 

Making an aggregate of 405,460 

From wliich deduct what tliey were entitled to 

raise, 340,000 



Leaves more than they were entitled to raise 

under the old act, 65,460 

The above sum of sixty-five thousand four hundred 
and sixty dollars, over what they were entitled to raise 
bythe act of eighteen hundred and eleven has been raised 
under the continuing power given by the act of eigh- 
teen hundred and twenty-one up to this time, when the 
tolls are more than doubly sufficient to rchcve the state 
from all responsibility. 

If this monstrous system, as now pursued, will be 
permitted to continue — if it must be prosecuted till 
eighteen hundred and forty -six, the end of tlie twenty- 
five yeai-s, to the same extent they have been the last 
year, before that disUuit day arrives lotteries to tlie 
amotmt of perhaps seventy million of dollars, will 
have' tarnished the moral piu-ity of Pennsylvania. If 
we .add to tliis prodigious sura tlie amount already 
drawn under the auspicics of the company since the 
act of eighteen hundred and eleven, we will have an 
aggrcg-atc of at least cighty-eiglit million one hundred 
eiglity thousand eight huncb-cd and ninety-one dollars. 

Your committee submit it to the House, to any human 
being of the most towering credulity to say if it can be 
credited for one moment that the legislature could have 
supposed they were entailing on themselves and their 
posterity, so g-alling a burtlien without any expectation 
of redress. Hut they hope they will be permitted to 
say that the usurpations of this corporation will stuidas 
a lofly beacon to warn us of the chinger of trusting to 
any system of finance that is based upon an immoral 
founclation; and they confidently hope that when tliis 
blot is wiped away, the legislative power of the state 
will never again be allured to t;irnish her fair fame to 
protect her treasury; but that that " VIRTUK" which 
shines conspicuous upon the escutcheon of our com- 
monwc.altli, will remain as unsullied as her " LIBERTY 
and INDEPENDENCE." 



From the Philadelphia Gazelle. 
PROCEliDINtJS OF COUiNCILS. 

Thuriday, Feb. 23, 183;. 
SELECT COUNCIL— Mr. Joh.-jhox presented pe- 
titions praying that Schuylkill Fifth street and Lom- 
Vto. IX. 18 



bard street, from Thirteenth street be paved, which 
were referred to the Paving Committee. 

Ml". Petitt called up for consider.ition the ordinance 
rclativetothe cording of wood,Scc. which was agreed to, 
and passed by the belcct CouncU, but was amended 
in Common Council. 

COMMON COUNCIL.— Mr. OKin as ch.auTnan of 
the committee of accounts, made the followuig report, 
which w.as adopted. 

The committee of accounts beg leave to report, that 
they have examined the accounts of tlie city treasurer 
for tlie quarter of the year ending, 31st Dec. last, to- 
gether with his accounts with Dr. Benj. Franklin's 
and John Scott's Legacies for the same period, and 
compared the same with the respective books of ac- 
counts, bank books and other vouchers, all of which 
they have found to be correct. 

Mr. MATUEniiT presented petitions praying that 
Schuylkill Fifth street from Market to Race, and Fil- 
bert street, from Schuj-lkill Sixth to Third street be 
paved, which was referred to the paving committee. 

Mr. OLDExnono as chairman of the committee to 
whom was referred the communication of William 
RcsH, made the following report and resolution with 
accompanying documents, which were agreed to. 

The committee to whom was refeiTed tlie communi- 
cation of Wm. Rush, Esq. on the subject of the naviga- 
tion of the river Schuylkill, 

Beg leave respectfully to report, that they have at- 
tended to the duty assigned them; that they have con- 
ferred with the wardens of tjie port, whose resolutions 
are herewith presented, — and from the best informa- 
tion tliey have been able to collect on the subject, they 
are of opinion that there ought to be a space left be- 
tween the wharves on e.ach side of the river of at least 
400 feet In conformity with this view of the subject, 
the committee requested Slessrs. Graff, M'Clure and 
Haines, to delineate wharf lines on tlie plan of tlie river 
in such manner as in their opinion would be least inju- 
rious to private property, which they have done and 
exphiined in tlieir report, also hcrcwitli submitted. 

Under all tlie circumstances of the case, your com- 
mittee deem tlie subject of suflicicnt importance to in- 
duce tliem to recommend to Councils to petition the 
Legislature for a law to establish lines to which wharves 
m.ay hereafter be erected at least 400 feet from each 
otlier — and also lines not less than 125 feet from the 
said wharf lines, within which no stores or other per- 
manent building shall be built, and that no wharf shall 
be more than two feet above ordinarj' high watermark. 
The committee tlierefore respectfully ofier the follow- 
ing resolution — 

Resolved, by the Select and Common Councils, that 
the committee be authorized to confer with such com- 
ndttees, as may for that purpose be appointed by the 
commissioners of the district of Spring Garden, and 
proper autlioritics of the townships of Passyunk, Moy- 
amcnsing, Blockley and Kingscsiing, on the subject of 
the laws which are proper to be passed for regvilatinff 
the construction of wharves on the river Schuylkill; and 
that the city Solicitor be dirccte<l, to prepare a bill un- 
der the instructions of the committee to be presented 
to the Legislature for their consideration. 

To tlic Select and Common Councils of the City of Phila- 
deljihia. 

Gentlemen, — In pursuance of a resolution of the 
Councils of tlie 22d of December 1831— The undersign- 
ed proceeded to sur>ey and take tlie soundings of tlie 
river Schuylkill, noting'the relative situ.ation of whar\•e^ 
buildings and otlicr permanent improvements on its 
margin, as well as tlie widtli of tlic channel, and its 
depth in various places at low water to hard bottom, 
.and have marked the results on the plan of the river ac- 
companying this icpr.rt Owing to indisposition, the 
unfavorable sUte of the weather.and breaking up of the 



138 



SURVEY OP THE SCHUYLKILL. 



[IIadcb 



ice, we were prevented from proceeding' further than 
from Fairmount to Gray's ferry bridg-e. 

At the request of the committee of CoxmcUs ap- 
pointed on the communication of Wm. Rush, Esq. in 
relation to this subject, we liave in conjunction witli 
Fred'k. Graff, Esq. delineated on the said plan, wharf 
lines on each side of the river at the distance of 400 feet 
from each other, showing the limits to which wharves 
may hereafter he extended in such a way as, in our 
opinion, is best calculated to pass off the freshets in the 
river, presei-ve its navigation, and be the least injurious 
to private property. A deUiil of the soundings is sent 
herejvith. SAMUEL HAINES, 

DAVID M'CLURE. 

The following are the details of the survey of the river 
Schuylkill from Fair Mount to Gray's Ferry. 

In various parts of the river since the sui'vey taken 
by Mr. M'Clure in 1828, some alterations have taken 
place, particularly in that of the soundings. 

Under the upper bridge it has deepened 4 feet. 
Its greatest depth at present is 31 feet taken at low wa- 
ter, and 33 leet to hard bottom, which is stony. At 
the time the bridge was built the depth was only about 
14 feet. The water course Ijctween the abutments is 
340 feet. The whole character of the soundings at 
this, and other places, is appended to this report. 

The greatest depth taken on the line at right angles 
from Nixon's wharf, is 12 feet to mud, and 21 feet to 
hard bottom, wliich is gravel. It has deepened since 
the survey of 1828 two feet. The breadth of the river 
from the wharf to low water mark on the opposite side 
is 416 feet. 

The greatest depth taken on die line at right angles 
from Bolton's wharf is 11 feet to mud, and 21 feet to 
hard bottom, which is also gravel. It has deepened 1 
foot. The breadth of tlie river from the wharf to low 
water mark on the opposite side is 480 feet. 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles 
from the wharf at Vine street, is 16 feet to sand, and 
23 feet to hard bottom, which is also gravel. The whole 
vertical section here has been considerably increased, 
not that its greatest depth is more than formerly, but 
there is a much larger proportion of deep soundings. 
The breadtli here from the wliarf to the opposite side 
at low water, is 491 feet. 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles 
from Race street wharf, is 12 feet to rock, corresponding 
with the former survey. The bottom here is one gene- 
ral ledge of rocks, nearly half way across. The breadth 
from tlie wharf to the opposite side at low water, is 450 
feet. 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles 
from Arch street, at low water mark, is 13 feet to sand, 
and 16 feet to hard bottom, which is stony, and also 
con-esponds with tlic former survey. The breadth from 
low water to low water is 480 feet. 

Under the middle bridge the greatest depth is 29 
feet to hard bottom, which on the former survey was 
covered witli about 4 feet of alluvion. 

The greatest depth on the line whicli connects Wetlie- 
rUl's wharf on the east and tliat on the west side of 
Schuylkill,is20 fee-, to sand,and 29 feet to hard bottom, 
wliich is gravel. It has deepened here about 2 feet. 
The distance between these two wharves is 367 feet. 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles 
from Wliite's wharf below Walnut street, is 18 feet to 
sand, and 22 feet to hard bottom, which is gravel. It 
has deepened here 2 feet. The breadth of the river 
from the wharf to low water mark on the opposite side, 
is 396 feet. 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles 
from the wharf at the woollen factory, between Spruce 
and Pine streets, is 18 feet to sof^ sand, and 26 feet to 
hard bottom, which is also gravel. It has deepened 
here 2 feet. The breadth of the river from the wharf 
to low water mark on tlie opposite side is 388 feet. 



The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles, 
from the wharf at Lombard street is 18 feet to soft sand, 
and 28 feet tcf hard bottom, which is gravel. It has 
deepened 1 foot. The breadth of the river from the 
wharf to low water mark on the opposite side, is 420 
feet. 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles, 
from the wharf at South or Cedar street, to the Alms 
House wharf, on the opposite side is 19 feet to sand, 
and 20 to hard bottom, which is gravel. It has deepen- 
ed about one foot. The breadth between the wharves 
is 409 feet 

The greatest depth taken on a line at right angles, 
from the wliarf at the Arsenal, is 19 feet to sand, and 
to hard bottom 27 feet, which is gravel. It has deep- 
ened here 3 feet. The breadth of the river from tlie 
wharf to low water mark, on tlie opposite side is 492 
feet. 

The greatest depth taken at Gray's ferry bridge is 
26 feet to mud, and at 41 feet, which was as far as the 
rod could be pushed, did not reach hard bottom. No 
alterations in the soundings have taken place here. — 
The breadth from low water to low water, is 330 feet. 

Thus it appears that an increase of depth from 1 to 
4 feet is found i n various places,occasioned by causes very 
naturally calculated to produce this effect, the principal 
ofwliich is the increased number of wharves,by which the 
river has been narrowed, and the passage for the wa- 
ter conslder.ibly circumscribed. Under such circum- 
stances, connected with the pressure of a strong fresh- 
et, it is easy to conceive how readily every moveable 
obsti'uction must give way before the mighty element 
when it is straightened, and seeks a passage. 

The extensive fl.at, between tlie middle and upper 
bridge, on the West side of the river, has claimed 
particular attention, and excited deep sohcitude. Over 
tliis flat the freshets find a free passage, and which not 
unusually rise so high as to occupy nearly one half the 
then existing vertical section across the river. 

In round numbers: — the breadth of the flat at right 
angles with Bolton's wharf is 750 feet. On. tlie rise of 
a freshet 10 feet above the ordinary tide, (which a few 
years since took place) there wUl exist on this flat a 
section of 9360 feet, at tlie same time there will be 
found over the breadth of the river 480 feet (taken at 
low water) an additional area of 7680 feet, to wliich 
areas add 3744 feet, (the area of the section at low wa- 
ter) and the amount is 20,784 feet, the whole area across 
the river during such a freshet, of which, as has been 
stated,9360 feet occupies tlie space over the flat, which 
is nearly one half the whole section. 

In an ordinary tide there will be found on the flat a 
section of 2160 feet; — over that portion of the river 
circumscribed to the low water mark 2880 feet, and the 
area of the section at low water 3744 feet, which in all 
amount to 8784 feet, the whole area of the section in 
an ordinary tide; 2160 feet of wliich, as has been stated, 
cover the flat, making nearly one fourth of the area of 
the whole section. 

The consideration of this subject alone is sufficient 
to awaken our fears, should obsti'uctions be indiscrimi- 
nately multiplied; and as the bed of the river at Race 
street, as has been stated, is one ledge of continued 
rock, the constructing of any extensive ,permanent ob- 
stacles on this flat would inevitably be attended with tre- 
mendous consequences, not only to private property 
but also to the pure fountain, whose streams, in these 
day's of temperance, give health and comfort to our 
citizens, — the glory, and boast of our city, the Fair 
Mount Water-works. 

The following tables exhibit a number of soundings 
taken at low water. The first column of each, shows 
the distance each sounding is taken from tlie shore or 
wharf expressed at tlie head of the tables; — ^tlie second 
column the corresponding depth to the alluvion, the 
nature of which is given, and the third column shows 
I the depth to hard bottom from the surface of the water, 



1839.] 



SURVEY OF THE 6CHUYLKTLT. 



139 



the character of wliich is also exhibited. At the foot of 
each table is given the area of the sections to hai-d and 
soft bottoms taken at low water. 

Under tlie Upper Bridge at low water. 

Feet In. 
From the abutment E. to L. W. 24 5 

From low w.ater to low water, 297 2 

From L. W. to abutment W. 18 5 



From abutments East to West, 



340 



From L 
Feet 

20 

40 

59 

79 

99 
119 
139 
158 
178 
198 
218 
238 
257 
277 

297 toL. 
Area of 
Area of 



. W. East to L. W. West. 
Feet 
13 gravel 
26 sand 



sand 
sand 
sand 
sand 
sand 
sand 
sand 
sand 
sand 
rock 
rock 
rock 



Feet 
13 stony 
29 stony 
33 stony 
33 stony 
33 stony 
33 stony 
29 rock 

29 rock 
28 rock 

30 rock 
28 rock 
26 rock 
25 rock 
18 rock 



section of water course 5,902 feet, 
section to hard bottom 7,706 feet. 



10 



On a line taken at right angles from Nixon's Wliarf. 
" ' 20 gravel 

19 gravel 
21 gravel 

20 gravel 
20 gravel - 
19 gravel 
18 gravel 

17 rock 

18 rock 
17 gravel 
16 sand 
15 sand 



mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 
mud 



231 11 sand 19 gi-avel 

264 10 sand 18 gravel 

297 9 sand 17 gravel 

330 8 mud 16 mud 

363 6 mud 14 mud 

396 4 mud 12 mud 

429 2 mud 11 mud 

462 1 mud 10 mud 

491 to L. W. 

Area of section of water course 4,566 feet. 

Area of section to hard bottom 7,856 feeL 

On a line taken at right angles from Race street wharf. 

33 11 clay 15 mud 

66 12 rock 12 rock 

99 12 rock 12 rock 

132 12 rock 12 rock 

165 11 rock 21 rock 

198 9 rock 9 rock 

231 10 sand 12 gravel 

254 U sand 13 gravel 

297 10 sand 15 gravel 

330 9 sand 15 gravel 

363 8 sand 15 gravel 

396 5 sand 15 gravel 

429 3 mud 15 mud 
450 to L. W. 

Area of section of water course 4230 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 5895 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles from L. W. at Arch 
street. 



3. 

66 

99 
132 
165 
198 
231 
264 
297 
330 
363 
396 
416 to L. W. 

Area of section of w.ater course 3,744 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 7,613 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles from Bolton's Wharf. 

33 8 mud 22 sand 

66 11 mud 21 sand 

99 11 mud 21 hard sand 

132 11 mud 21 hard sand 

165 10 s.and 18 bard sand 

198 10 sand 18 hard sand 

231 10 sand 17 hard sand 

264 10 sand 16 gravel 

297 10 sand 16 gravel 

330 10 mud 17 gravel 

363 9 mud 15 gravel 

396 6 mud 15 hard sand 

429 3 mud 13 "mud 

462 1 mud 11 mud 
480 to L. W. 

Area of section of watercourse 3,840 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 8,256 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles from Vine street wharf. 

33 13 rocky 13 rocky 

66 14 sand 15 rocky 

99 16 sand 23 gravel 

132 L3 sand 22 gravel 

165 12 sand 16 rocky 

198 11 sand 19 gravel 



•When the soundings in the third column is to mud, 
it shows the greatest depth that three men could push 
Uic rod through the same. 



33 




6 


stonv 


6 stony 


66 




11 


stony 


11 stony 


99 




13 


sand 


15 stony 


132 




13 


sand 


16 stony 


165 




13 


gravel 


15 stony 


198 




13 


gravel 


14 stony 


231 




12 


sand 


15 stony 


264 




11 


sand 


16 sand 


297 




10 


sand 


16 sand 


330 




9 


sand 


16 sand 


363 




8 


sand 


15 sand 


396 




7 


mud 


14 sand 


429 




5 


mud 


13 mud 


462 




3 


mud 


13 mud 


480 to L 


W. 








Area of section of \ 


■ater course 


4460 feet. 


Area of section to liard bottom 6720 feet. 



Under the middle Bridge, from E. AVharf to first pier. 
20 3 mud 5 stony 

40 5 mud 6 stony 

60 5 stony 5 stony 

80 5 stony 5 stony 

90 to pier E. 



From E. to W 


Pier. 




20 8 stony 




8 stony 


40 14 sand 




17 stony 


60 24 stony 




24 stony 


79 29 stony 




29 stony 


99 28 stony 




28 stony 


119 28 stony 




28 stony 


139 29 stony 




29 stony 


158 24 stony 




24 stony 


178 25 gravl 




25 grarel 


189 to pier W. 






From pier W. to abutment W 




20 28 stony 




28 stony 


40 22 mud 




28 stonv 
25 mud 


60 14 mud 




79 5 mud 




18 mud 


99 3 stony 




3 stony 



125 to abutment 

The whole water space is 405 feet 

Area of section of water coiu^e 6949 feet 

Area of section to hard bottom 8074 feet. 



140 



SURVEY OF THE SCHUYLKILL, 



[MlBCB 



In a line with the face of the old basin and north there- 
of, and at right angles to the first wharf below the 
bridge on the west side. 6 ft. 7 in. to L. W. 
33 7 mud 9 gravel 

66 15 stony 15 stony 

99 23 stony 23 stony 

132 29 stony 29 stony 

165 30 stony 30 stony 

198 31 stony 31 stony 

231 27 mud 31 gravel 

264 16 mud 27 mud 

297 14 mud 26 mud 

330 11 mud 20 mud 

363 to wharf. 
Area of section of water course 7369 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 8748 feet. 

From Wetlierill's wharf, 16 feet deep on the east to 
AVetherill's wharf on the west side of Schuylkill. 
33 20 mud 25 stony 

66 20 sand 29 gravel 

99 20 sand 29 gravel 

132 20 sand 29 gravel 

165 20 sand 29 gravel 

198 20 sand 29 gravel 

231 13 mud 28 sand 

264 10 mud 27 mud 

297 7 mud 26 mud 

330 6 mud 20 mud 

363 5 mud 18 mud 

367 to wharf. 

Area of section of water course 5358 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 9652 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles, from Mr. White's 
wharf below Walnut. 



33 




12 stony 




12 stony 


66 




18 mud 




20 gravel 


99 




18 sandy 




22 gravel 


132 




17 sandy 




24 gi-avel 


165 




16 sandy 




25 gravel 


198 




15 mud 




25 mud 


231 




15 mud 




25 mud 


264 




14 mud 




25 mud 


297 




11 mud 




25 mud 


330 




7 mud 




22 mud 


363 




2 mud 




15 mud 


396 toL. 


W. 








Area of section of water course 


4871 


feet. 


Area of section to hard bottom 8633 feet. 



On a line taken at right angles from the wharf at the 

Woollen factory, which is 10 feet deep. 
33 12 rock 12 rock 

66 15 rock 15 rock 

99 17 sand .22 rock 

132 18 sand 23 rock 

165 18 sand 26 gravel 

198 17 sand 25 rock 

231 16 sand 24 gravel 

264 15 mud 21 mud 

297 13 mud 20 mud 

330 11 mud 18 mud 

363 2 mud 12 mud 

388 to L. W. 

Area of section of water course 5432 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 7682 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles from Lombard street 
wharf, which is 10 feet deep. 
33 18 mud 28 mud 

66 18 sand 28 gravel 

99 17 sand 28 gravel 

132 16 sand 26 gravel 

165 15 sand 25 gravel 

198 14 sand 23 gravel 

232 13 mud 22 mud 

264 11 mud 19 mud 

297 9 mud 17 mud 



7 mud 


14 mud 


5 mud 


13 mud 


2 mud 


11 mud 



30 
63 
96 
420 to L. W. 

Area of section of water course 5040 feet. 

Area of section to hard bottom 8821 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles from South street wharf, 

which is 6 feet deep, to a wharf opposite. 
33 11 gravel 12 stony 

66 14 stony 14 stony 

99 17 stony 17 stony 

132 19 sand 20 stony 

165 18 sand 19 gravel 

198 17 sand 18 gravel 

231 14 sand 20 gravel 

264 13 mud 23 mud 

297 12 mud 22 mud 

330 11 mud 21 mud 

363 10 mud 22 mud 

396 8 mud 20 mud 

409 to wharf 7 feet. 

Area of section of water course 5562 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 7771 feet. 

On a line taken at right angles from the Arsenal whar^ 
which is 8 feet deep. 

33 15 mud 19 gravel 

66 18 sand 20 gravel 

99 19 sand 21 gravel 

132 18 sand 22 gravel 

165 18 sand 23 gravel 

198 18 sand 27 gravel 

231 18 sand 27 gravel 

264 17 mud 25 mud 

297 17 mud 25 mud 

330 - 16 mud 24 mud 

363 15 mud 23 mud 

396 14 mud 23 mud 

429 12 mud 23 mud 

462 10 mud 23 mud 

480 6 mud 20 mud 

492 to L. W. 

Area of section of water course 7 577 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 11,316 feet. 

Soundings taken on Gray's ferry bridge from east to 

west, and from L. W. to L. W. 
33 10 mud 17 mud 

66 20 mud 28 mud 

99 25 mud 34 mud 

132 26 mud 40 mud 

165 22 mud 41 mud 

198 23 mud 41 mud 

231 26 sand 36 gravel 

264 20 sand 29 gravel 

297 13 gravel 13 gravel 

330 to L. W. 

Area of section of water course 6765 feet. 
Area of section to hard bottom 10,230 feet. 

Explanation of Survey and the Soundings of the 
river SchuylkUl, and of the wharf lines delineated on 
a plan of the said river from Fairmount to Gray's 
ferry. 

1. The figures on the red line denote the width of 
the river at low water. 

2. The figures immediately under the red lines ex- 
press the area of a section of the river from low water to 
common bottom. 

3. The figures immediately under those last men- 
tioned, express the area of a section of the river to hard 
bottom, of sand, gravel, or rock, as the case may be. 

4. The wharf lines are at the distance of 400 feet 
from each other; that on the eastern side of the river 
commences at the S. W. corner of the eastern abut- 
ment of the Lancaster Schuylkill bridge, thence ex- 
tending in a straight line to the N. W. corner of Nix- 
on's wharf, along the said wharf to the S. W. corner 



1832.] 



LAW— MARRIAGE CASE. 



141 



thereof, thence in a straight line to a point 40 feet west 
of the N. W. corner of Bolton's wliarf, thence in a 
Btraig-ht line to the most westerly part of the wharf on 
the south side of Vine street 686 feet west of Ashton 
street, as measured along the said Vine street, thence 
to a point 30 feet west of the public wliarf at Sassafras 
street, 390 feet west of Ashton street, measured along 
Sassafras street, tl\ence to a point in range witli tlie 
north Une of MiUbeny street, at the distance of 350 feet 
west of Ashton street, thence to the N. W. corner of 
the wharf at High street, 473 feet west of Ashton street, 
and along tlie face of the said wharf, to the south line of 
High street, tlience to the most westerly point of M'at- 
son's wharf on the soutli side of Cliesnut street, 323 
feet west of Beech street, thence to the N, \V. corner 
of the New York and Schuylkill Coal Company's wharf, 
133 feet west of their brick storehouse, and 465 feet 
west of Beech street, tlience to a point 30 feet west of 
Jacob S. Wain's most souUierly wharf, and 360 feet 
west of AViUow street, thence to the N. W. comer of 
the wharf,at the woollen factory 560 feet west of Willow 
street, thence along the said wharf.and to a point in range 
with the S. hne of Lombard st. 470 feet from Bank st. 
measured along the said Lombard street, thence to the 
N. W. corner of LawTcnee's wharf, on the south side 
of Cedar street 828 feet west of Bank street, measvu-ed 
along the south line of Cedar street, thence to the N. 
W. corner of the wharf, belonging to the Naval Asylum, 
and along the same to Uie S. W. corner thereof, thence 
in a straight hne to a point 90 feet west of the wharf be- 
longing to the Arsenal, thence at the distance of 400 
feet from the line of low %vater on the west side of the 
river, to the extent of 1200 feet, thence to a point 60 
feet nortli of a rock on which a buoy is placed, tlience 
to a point 500 feet soutlierly from Hamilton's rock 
thence to the edge of low water on the southerly oldc 
of the river, thence 500 feet further to a point 500 feet 
distant from f;ist land on the north westerly side of the 
river, thence to a point 440 feet from the most promi- 
nent point of fast land immediately nortli of Jlill creek, 
thence S. W. to a point 400 feet north of Gray's ferry 
bridge, thence to a point 30 feet east of low water, at 
the east end of the said bridge. 

When the wharf lines are fixed and determined, a 
more particular reference to permanent objects on shore 
will be necessary, previous to their being recorded. 
Wabdess' Office, ^ 
Pliihadelpliia, 6th Feb. 1832. 5 

Extract from the minutes of the Wardens of tJiis date, 
viz: 

"The Board met agreeably to adjournment, (all 
present,) af\er deliberating on tlie subject, passed, 
unanimously, tlie following resolutions, viz: 

Resolved, that it is nccessarj' and expedient to fix and 
determine by Law the wharf lines, on both shores of the 
river Schuylkill, from Fail-mount dam, to the mouth of 
said river, so that an area of not less than feet be 

left for the free passage of the water. 

Resolved, That it is important to the public interest, 
that provision be make by law, to lay out a street or pas- 
sage along the fronts of said river, and that no build- 
ings or other obstructions, ought to be erected, within 
the distance of feet from the wharf lines tliere- 

of. 

Attest— THOS. JACKSON, Clerk. 

Mr. Fritz as Chairman of the commitlec to whom 
was referred the letter of the Marble Masons, made the 
following report. 

The committee to whom was rcfeited the communi- 
cation received from the Marble M:isons of tlie city and 
county of Philadelphi.a, report that they have attended 
to the duties assigned them by receiving and depositing 
the corner stone for the contemplated Washington Monu- 
ment in the Hall of Independence, and ask to be dis