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Full text of "REGULATIONS FOR THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES"

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/«/L J??0/. 10 




fiacbacti Collrgr librarn 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



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l^actiarl) (toUrgf Libcaro 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



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(.( C.-- U-«n.. cL^;xi- 



KEGULATIOXS 



HIK TilK 



Army of the U>'itkj) States 



1 !M>1 



WITH 



APPKXDIX, 

HKI'AKAIKLY INI>KXKI*. •*II(>WIN4. r||AN«.K«< Tt» JINK S>. IfOS 



WASllINNi'niN 

CioVKHXIIKST i*KlVriN4* ''(I^M-B 



Hh- ii:K>nu:vr uk tiik rNiTi:i» stati s .lin.t. th.n th. t..ii .u:!.- /.v./ii- 

/«f/ii.i.- r..f '/.I lr/««/ U* |•lll>li^»hl'<l Imf iIh* l5••^<'rllrll•■llt nl all •■•iiii-«*rii«'i|. :iM>i lliat lht»y 
N* -friftU iil»-N-rvi'«l. N<itliiiiir i-niitnirv tn tin- ti-hi-r "t tin-**- I%i-i!ii!:iti>>:i» ^nil In' 

I l.im i:«MiT. 



v. . . . ' • .. ,f 11 f 



ir 



Ttii- I*nll KivHl;iti<iiio. tlif Iiiotnuiiiiii<- ]<*r 'Ir.M.p. m \ ainpaijii. .iift ri.i- ii.animlH 
Mitii -jMt-i.il ffLTul.iti'.ri- < i-iHi-riiiiiL' tli»' •^•Vi-nil -T.jii .iiiMrtriifiit- --r |Mr!ii ni.tr '.min ht-n 

■ •I tilt- -«-r\ ii •■ unl iiiiiTaii,. U'-jil*'-. i-\triu"!- ir jitii r.il ri-juLitii'ii-. -iii It riiN*,'* ii« 

li.i\i -iM-i-i.t! .i|>|*li< ;iii>>ii. Ktr ii" nvnlali'iii-. iifili r* j jn^trui tjith- w ill I..- i-fi,l<N|ii««| 
thi-fiMii w till )i ,iri' III '-'lUtli' f witlitlii- Ktvii.itifii' :->r tin- Vrriiv !<• • >:'>ii ■-; Sxf- 

r»'i.ir> ••! W.ir. <»it..i*r :i. lv»:i. 



TABLE OF ('0^' TEXTS. 



A Km i.F. I. 
Mllitiiry iliM'tpliiu-. l^V 

AHTiru: II. 
l*r«'«itl«*nl«Mf ntrimvutii mini fiiri**, A. 

AliTir|-= in. 

Rank aii<l |>rf<*<i|«'nr«* (»f ofln<'i>ni aii«1 nmi- 

(iimmtMjiifif*! o(n<-4*ni. 7-12. 

ART II I.K IV. 

('••niiimii*!. \:u\'j. 

ARTI« IK V. 

A|»fMiintniriit Mti«l pniniiiilnii <if r<immiMiliiiHtl 

I «rt »«■*•!>•. "J^-.iiV 

ARTK II. VI. 
Hsff A|>pntniiiii'tii«iiii<l <li-tiilN. mllltaiy aturhi'-«. 

Akth I.E vn. 
iN-tMiN tiirMUttrf*. 13-17. 

Akin II VIII 
< Iiiipi«iti<k, IH-M 

ARTh : r IX. 
Trmi»f»r -if fXiJimurt- nf nfni-^-r*. -Vi.M. 

\ltTK 1 I. X 

LrmriHi «,f ■»•»« n. •• t.i .ifliiiT»' (knliriary li-mv«-«. 

VRTt' I I. XI 
nir.i . r» ••n\ t-liriir "n «|ii!y TT-"*! 

\RTI' : I Xlf 
|;t • ri flit III iif iifrit t ni o ^» 

\i Ti< : i XIII 

\i.i:' . I XIV 
I', t iiM .1 o*l.. • r«. '«i w 

Irrr. : i X\ 
1 fit I-»t • iiiiii:«*t><iitil •Ih(T liii 111 

\rT:. I XVI 

:•••*■ f .•! •*•;•] ifr« 11 '• 
wTi. :i XVII 

f .r •• ■•:!.• 1>> •••t<1irr« Mi* IJ4 
\r : . .1 X\ III 



ARTH LK XIX. 

1 m-^Ttt-rm liT-l I.V 

ARTKLR XX. 

Ri>tlrcim*nt of enli^tnl nii-n. ll."»-l.'*>. 

ARTirLK XXI. 
DU'hiinrco. l.M-170 fVrtiflr«!«-« <•( fllwUlliy. 

171-171. 

Artii LR XXII. 
iMHi'ttM-^l MiMlen. 17.wi«m». 

Arthlb XXIII. 
Wiirkinir |«nii*«. Kzira ■ixl aiitt-liil ilutjr men. 

IHI-IWI. 

ARTiti.r. XXIV. 

:>N»Mi«T«' llfUnf. 191 -I'M 
ARTIt l.R XXV. 

I MeiUN of honor iiri<l f«*nlfl<'«U-* of nii'iit. iVtViM. 

.\RT1( I.I. XXVI 
I Vi'itriiiaiiaii*. 'JlM>-'J^ 

ARTKI.E XXVII. 
' Thv r*irniiiiin«1intc <tfni'ril of th«- .\niiy. '.iA,*JMi. 

ARTMLi: XXVIII. 
It rrlionnl tlt'|«rtnii'ntii. 'JC-.Ti. 

\RTIi I K XXIX. 
MiMtarv |>i«t» hihI n-^i'n-iillitii* I'^nU. .'|(^2I7: 

K.-MTVMtlofI*. 'l^-^tK 
\RTIi I K XXX 

Kmir* • ••)iir^. •tiitMliinl«.iin«l irui«li>ii« Jlll-Jfo. 

ARTii I r XXXI 
Kt-iritiii T.ia i inrniiirjiti'iri i«ii<l iii«irui iioii. z.'>a-X^9, 
1 1tt- n iriiii' IiImI ■tjtiT .*'«» .'To. Iti-KiliiriiUl rvt** 
«.nU .Tl .T.'. lUiiil* .'M JTV 

\RTI« ii XXXII 
Tnai|i* tNttit-rif • aii-l ••iiii|iitiiit'« oftitir* and 
ifTii iiiiitii.«»i 'tif-l ••fft<fr« .**«>-.Vi. ('•iin|«nj 
'■■•k« «t)>l nio^l* .*<! •".*'• lull rii<r ««-«itiiiiii]r 

••f ' ••Hi I'M !.)•-«. .-^. .««.» M«-**lfii{ alKl iiatklflff. 

>lt» II*' 

\*U' :i XXXIII 
* o*;!!' ..• <•! «t]tiiiiit*ir«l it'll .•IT- L'.> 

\iiTn ir XXXIV 
■ K' ir-ii'> t.' «. *i«it r^ •■•nit«i>> ai'-l ii» -• !>iTt'l^ 



V 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



ARTirLE XXXV. 
ARTirtF XXXVI. 






LE XXXIX. 

iruE XU 



AHTK LF. I.VI11. 

' Monof iK'.'.iiHitttUliU llibllu mnni'ri>.6!iMiCl. 
litnlranJntt ..nun-n, flftW.fii TnunUum, sls^we 

l.»tl. nKM»-.: rr->r4«di«(alDi.«Hl-W: Ap- 

l.nir.niill..ru,*»-W7:Ac.'i>ur.ln>unvnt.n>'-:ia; 
Mtili.'jfKiIirliPni. 713-704, I In' mi In ry rw|»mM- 
WUl)' ..f offlwri. 735.730: A<lminl>lr«lin> ci- 



AUTK-I.K XLV. 

Ronei, ilfurhini'nlii. hihI iliiUy ■crvfiv: The nr. 



I'liblic pciqHTI]: ni-iiHiiilHtillJIjr ami nvponni- 
lilliljf: lii-ncnl iirovtuloiu. 739-TM; l^nnTtr 
urnjunlKbilllr. ni-TW. A'lniinlMHtlvp eiaml- 
iiallon [>n'|>rity rrliini^. 7"3.TW. 



ih niniiiin. lhS~tW^ Vl>it- 
JW, EKTirW "( boner. AH: 



lUurtey, WO- 
rii-i.'- LXII. 



)llliury..i,Tn*iiMii]iiii'i- ivr-HU. 






I, n->ruliiii|i.a»-»Vt. 



TAHLK f»K CONTKNTS. 



VII 



Akth IK LXXII 
Ink|>t-fti*r-<i«-nfnir«i lM'|«iritiiriit <M'iifnil |ipi\j- 

Mcthoditftf iii*>|M-«'ti"n. 1*71 '.'Tr.; l»i^linrM-iiiriit»> 
mn*\ mttnuilf, '.iTT '.C-: l'ni|MTiy fi»r ii»ii'li*tiiim- 

AKTi. ii: I.XXIII. 
Jii*lir<-A*lviM'at«- 4Mii«-nir*> lH>|Mirtiiifiii, wl-'/JT. 

\KTIMI. LXXIV 
Arr»-»l Htiil <-Miii,iiiiiii-iii. WK-iuiT. 

Ai:Ti. II I.XXV 
riitiri- iimrtuil. 1h|h \it^\ 

ARTI. II I. XXVI 
I'iviMnii Mitii«-«'^-k. Ifii4,-l(r7ii 

\KTI> II l.XXVII 

Eni|'liiyiii«nt i^f «-i\il i<tuii*«l. liCl.HC.v IUIh-ho 

AKTI' I) i.xxviri 

fjiurtiriiiH*!* r « !>• |Nirini«-tii •f«-it«riil •lutic*. 
1<M-Iii7**. Itttrnii k« itn>l 'iiiurtfT-. 1<i*4t-lir> 
Iliiiiiinirtlini: o'lpi'iio* lll<»l)ki: sriiti'>tM rt . 
Il.if-llli> I'liri liHM- !•-. |.mI>:;i iiiiimihN. IIII H'^i 
Vi-I< r:iiHr\ ttutlii im •. ]l.l \\\: Funiw*- nt.<1 
•irnu.ll.'ii Ilt.j I'liri ••( jiii'l it< • ••iiitUNilir\ inr 
I-rnj-Tt\ llut 11T7 Ili'pM* i.f III! limit i| nitii t r*. 
IP** n««j I r:iii-|...rtii!ii.ii. IIn; r>.*i. I'lMthiiiir 
iit.'l • -luiiink'' !>*• IDi. It-li-irrni'li.iiK' l>il 

1 .11 7.;. i.r...ii!iik' i..i_' i;.-f..ri|» i .i.i-i.ti.>. 
Il* 'init iiii'l r* |ii»rl» 1 :i«. !.:'*• 

\i:Ti« . > i.xxrx 

h'i'i*i*ii ii(f !>• |i4irtiiii lit •••!!• ml ili.tii- \:i.\\. 

• ••'i.tni^MMr.i* } »>.' I • •! oiili«.>t* Ik • •iipplh-* 
:i. I- t'k. !.•»'• 1 >■.'. lriiii*f*-Pii ]!i I'll Ik 1 v.! ].'j4. 

• ml:." uii-trtk-i- iiii'l ifi •?• ji hi ..■• I.>i7 I.i7j 
«Ci'ri-)ii ••!■>•'« I .T t I ;7'i. ^ r» ■"!! ripiil*. I ■■7»> 7 ><• 
r.i!:"!i. I m7 I p**! lrM\» riiti«iii. I wi i ,*.■ 
!•-■.. !• .-I flit, ..I,- I .^. i>: |k»<t]|i'.- I.I., :..! 

• ii*i i \.'^- « I'lit r !••■.# • t.f >i,!.k|.rt tii •■ -!. :■ • 

I III. :|ta. «iiMT.k< 1 li'T 111'.* ('••liil:.Mat><>i, 

li:*ll.'> '•'I.'- !i.-. ii.-i li:iiiik f'lrn.o Ml*' 
Ai I •■iiiil« iitiil r< t .r*i* l4li 



\l:TIi II LXXX. 

I'liy In |iiirtiiii-nl iti'iiirni |iri*vt<>iiiiiH. UIJ-II44: 

: l'ii>ini!ii«> ti* i.rtii.-p.. inviiist; i'H> ilnrinff 

I hIi««-|!i-i-. nt;|-li7l. TrH\*'liill<iuiiii< ••<>. ll?.*-|i<««; 

(''•inniutiitiiiii iif i|iiHrti-r^. 1 1**'.*- 1 1'.iki. St'*|>|>iiK«*)*, 

ir.C I'mii l*ii\lilitll >if rufltl* I'tfi]. I'liMitrtit 

• ■f (-tili«>tii) iiM-ii. I *rji."i.'7, Kii-iiij«tii»ti»! iiiifl 
''•»iitiiiiii>u«i "x-rMi •• ini> I 'ij* I. '•.!»» \nMt!iii-nt«, 
rv>l \'*\\: Fi>rfi*iTiirr> iifnl il<-«luiiiiiii<>. \\i i. t'«>r- 
tniriiii-i>( iiiiTli. r*l».. h«-|M>*ii-. I»l7 |.Vi.'». I»njr 
••1 ilt-»i riiT». 1'i.Vi i.\>. riiviiifni i.f iIIm Lririrf*! 
•-•Mii-r*. I vi".» iVrf.. M»M>lliiiniiii« I •.7 1 ■*.■.*. 



\ Kill IK l.XXXt 
M> '111 111 Ih|Mir(iiii-iit- tifiiiTiil i>ri>\ i»i*i;i«. I'lTO. 

ri71. Ai>|M>iiitiiiciit». l'»7.*, l'*'.'. I'liiiirHft ••iir* 

i;i-ii!i« iH'iitiil MirKt*«>i)«>, I'i7l l>v. 7'Im- ll'>*|»iuil 
I <"i»r|»*. JV.«»-li.-j» Viiitiu! nil •-« Miiil liiii-Pii. Ifiiu- 

li»l**. Kii-M M-ni*«'. hill. Ii'ijii. ill tii-mlhiiopiUlii, 

li.-M l«"iJ7. >4 rvh i-iif lii>«iiitiil*. li;j«» li.|.;. HiM|)i. 

lnUiu;l'liiiK«>. ItVtl lu'iii. *«ii ki-iill. I«.'ii. luV Mt'd- 
■ |i-jil HttftiiltilH'i-. l<i.\;-lirf/> Mfi|:it«| »U|i|»ll4>«, 

1*44.- lirf.v. Ki (iirt^ nihl r»-t«irii«. 1*7h. li.71. Artl- 

tii-htl hllllif. lti7'J-lf>7r> 

AKii. I K I.XXXII. 
«'i»r|.<«iif Kiit;iii«i-p>. lii77-liW. 

\HTi« It LXXXIII 
finltiaiHi I'l |*nriini III (iriifr.il |irti\i*)i>ri- 1'V>|: 
I^ii<>« iii,.i .jil,-* \,.\k\ 171..'. K\i>«-iii|iturf i.f Mill- 
in(iii;r;i>ii ]7I> 171ti Mir|*l'i»Mr lUiiiiu'*'*! -t'lr*-* 
17I7-17.' In^fifi liiiii iif lirliiKii* i>kii(i|i!ii>* 17^. 
!7> I'm kiriir nml lmiioiMirlMlii>ii. r.V 17«. 
Ii.-::.r7.- iiiHl ni-»i!». ir.il i:.C. l*-*!* nifl *■» 
!•« niii'-iitH! iriiii-. 17 > 17l«* 

\ in III I LNXXIV. 
I hi- '•.ifiml « *i!|i' 1711 17"»1 

\IT1« ir I.XXXX 
T(ii- K» i "pI 11 in I l'in»i..n i nln i- |7V.»-j7\v 

A I 111 : I I XXXVI 

I'Mfiiritk I7«. 17V» 

iKTf . I i.xxxvn 

H'fiiik r>riii*'. IT* 1 

\rf :i 'ii-* ff W.'ir i:fik:««*t otniiii. • .<*i-<|}.i- ijr_» 
II. I I .1.: .1' .1 \i T i.' xiHfi ». J Till |i|< .'11 ^".f 
%I-I- tiil.\ ;.|. .v. ;Si.- 

IimI* \ • . \ K PI- .* • ir- 

In-!' \ ' • \|i|- li-1:\ I-;. 117 l.'7 



K^' 



.-.r 









COLLEGE 



s-v 




^'^BRIDGE, W^^ 



■ ■■■ ■ ■■*' 



Wah 1>ei'aktme.nt, .V'/'/ /. /»/. 

Tlu-PRF>5IDENT OF THE TNITKI) STATES «lincts that the f«.llowin;: AV/;u- 

hitioiut/or tht Armif l)0 puhlinhed for the pjvcrniin'nt <»f all min'eriRHl. aii<l that tliey 

W ritriftly o)»H»r\'t»<l. Xothinj? contrary tn tht* tcMmr of tlu'M' HcL'nlations will in* 

enjoiiitfl inanyiiart of the font's of tJ»e rnit<*<l Stato hy any rniiniiamU'r w h<nn>«M'ver. 

KLIHr KuoT. 

.Sir/** toru of W'or. 



Tln» Prill Retaliations, the Instnirtioiis fur Tn»n|H in ( anipaiirn, an«i tin* uianimlfl 
hikI >|Ki'ial itviilationsroiKvrnin^thc s»'V«'ral -tafl «U'i»artnHMit> or particular l»ran('h«*« 
ol tlu* MTvii**' will contain, Ix'siclfs t'xtrarts fnun i;<'iuTal regulations. >urh rules jis 
!»av»' s|K.vial applitntion; hut no rejrulatioiis, nr«h-r>. or instru(ti<>n< will In* tMnlnulitMl 
t)i<Ti'in which arc* in nrntlict with the K**>rulati<in< fnr the Army. I>r<-i-i«>n ••! S4'<»- 
n-tary of War, CVtoU'r :M, lsH.5. i 

III 



VI 



TABLE OF CONTKNTS. 



Articlk XXXV. 
PcHst bakeries. 3:io-3K). 

ARTICLE XXXVI. 
Llbrarit*j<, reading rooms, etc., 341-3.')!. 

ARTICLE XXXVII. 
Post gardens. 352-354. 

Article XXXVIII. 
Post S(?hools, 355-3(12. 

article XXXIX. 
Post exchanges. 3ta-3t)5. 

Article XL. 
The Artillery Corps: The Chief of Artillery. 3t>f),3<:7. 

Article XLI. 
Care of fortifications, armauient. and equipment. 

369-401. 

Article XLI I. 
Visits to lake and seacoast defenses, 402-406. 

Article XLIII. 
Artillery practice, 407-415. 

Article XLIV. 
Small-arms practice, 416-422. 

Article XLV. 
Roster, detachments, and daily service: The ros- 
ter, 4-23-437: Detachments, 438-442; Daily ser- 
vice, 443-44H. 

Article XLVI. 
Honors, courtesies, and ceremonies: Honors. 
44^-4r>4; Salutes with cannon, 465-480; Visits 
and courtesies. 481-487, Escorts of honor, 488; 
Funeral honors, 48^509; Ceremonies, 610-617. 

Article XLVII. 
Guards, 518-621. 

'article XLVIII. 
Maps and reconnaissance, 522-626. 

Article XLIX. 
The Military Academy, 527-629. 

Article L. 

The United States War College: The Service 

Schools, 530-543. 

Article LI. 
The Government Hospital for the Insane, 544-549. 

Article LII. 

Indians: Indian country, etc.. 550-557; Indian 

scouts, 558-562. 

Article LI 1 1. 
Employment of troops in the enforcement of the 

laws, 503-56.S. 

Article LIV. 
Cemeteries, 569-577. 

Artk LK LV. 

Printing: Newspaper advertising, 578-587. Job 

printing, 588-592. 



Article LVI. 
Purchase of supplies and engagement of services: 
General provisions, 593-597; Advertising for 
proposals, 598-602; Proposals, 603-619; Awards, 
620-626; Abstracts of proposals. 626; Methods 
of purchase. 627-637: Contractors' bonds. 638-614; 
Oral agreement. 615-tV47; Reports of purchases, 
648; Marking supplies by contractors, 649. 

ARTICLE LVII. 
Bonds of disbursing officers, bidders, and con- 
tractors, 650-657. 

Article LVIII. 
Money acc»ountability: Public moneys, 658-661 . 
Disbursing officers, 662-6/5; Transfers, 67r>-686: 
Official check books. 687-<')S9; Certificates of de- 
posit, 690-695; Proceeds of sales. 696-698: Ai>- 
propriations, 699-707: Accounts current, 708-712; 
Money vouchers, 713-7;M; Pecuniary responsi- 
bility of officers. 735,736; Administrative ex- 
amination of money accounts, 737,7:38. 

Article LIX. 
Public property a<'countability and responsi- 
bility: General provisions, 739-773; Pn^wrty 
accountability. 774-782; Administrative exami- 
nation profR'Tty returns. 7S3. 784. 

Article LX. 
1.4ind.s, buildings, and improvements, 78'>-789. 

article LXI. 
Boards of survey, 790-807. 

Article LXII. 

Civilian employees: General pn.)visions, 808-812: 

Traveling expenses. 813-820. 

Article LXIII. 
Staff administration. 821-832. 

Article LXIV 
Adjutant-Generals Department, 833-836. 

Article LXV. 
Military correspondence. 837-855. 

Article LXVI. 
Orders. 8V»-m71. 

Article LXVII. 
Muster rolls. 872-M75. 

Article LXVIII. 
Returns of Tnwps, Kecttnls. 876-894. 

Article LXIX. 
Personal and efficiency rc[M>rts, 895-905. 

Article LXX. 
Penalty envelof»es, 906-911. 

Article LXXI. 
The recruiting s<»rvice. Classification anddetail.s. 
912-914; Rendezvous and stations, 91^>-920. 
Enlistments. 921-9;>8; .Medical insjK'ction. 
^9-947; Recruits sent to regiment'*, 91h-95_'. 
Department and regimental recruiting, 953-9;')5. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



VII 



Article LXXII. 
Iii«fH.'«'itir-<jvnenil'ii Department: Goncnil prrni- 
iiUiii». 9riA-9&>: SUtod innpections. 9(J('>-97:{: 
Mt^lhody uf inspection. 974-976; DlHbunieiiicnts 
nnd A(T«>uutB, 977-OTK: l»ropvrty for condenina- 
lit.in. 979-990. 

AHTirLE LXXIII. 
JuiJKC-Artvitrate-GontTHrH Department. 9t»l-W7. 

ABTirLE LXXIV. 
ArnM and confinement. yits-l017. 

ARTICLE LXXV. 
('f>urt«-miirtial, 101S-1U65. 

ARTICLE LXXVI. 
Civil fan witncKM-s, l(ir;('»-lU70. 

ARTICLE LXXVII. 
Employment of civil counjtel. 11)71. 107J: HufKiis 
con'Us*. 1073-107"). 

ARTICLE LXXVI 1 1. 
Qi:artennAMor'i$ Dejiartmeni: (jeiicnil <1iitic>. 
U»7».-1079: Bumi«'k« and <iuiirt«Ts. liWJ-lll.'i: 
riuniinatinK <iiipplie«, llli'i-li:C>: Stittioncry, 
ll:>-nH): IMin'haHMifpultlu'uniiiiaN, II 11-11. 'i<i: 
Velrrinary mtilicim-s. iirii-iirct: F»»niL'r htmI 
^lrHW. 11.M-I102: Can* of and Mfrniintahility mr 
I'niiwrty. Ilfi:i-ll77; lI(»rii">of iiinuiitril «iitirri>. 
117«*-n><J: Tnin>iMtrtntiori. llNi-lJs't; rioiliiiiK 
iind fiiiipaffe. r>4;-i.^H): Tvlt'irnipiiim:. }X'.\ 
l:V4l: Telephoning. i:ui»: Kiconl^. I:;i.i-i:u.'»: 
KfiMrii> and n-jiort)*. i:Ui>-i:t.'4i. 

Aktiiik I.XXlX. 
Suti«i«t«-nce m'lHiniiieiii: <i<'n«riil diitii>. 1:l*i1: 
ConitniFfftarieK i:i^»'J-l:Ul: SulMMnnr Mijuilir^ 
in l.ulk. U\Vi:«i: Traii-ft-rs in l.iilk. \:u,i -V.y^',-, 
<iaiii-.. waMaKf. and <li-!ii-lrnrii.v, 1:'.i;7-I:j72: 
Miin-hoiiM'h. i:Ci-l:!7.'i: Fn:.h iiiuii>. l.'.Tii, llii 
rati. 111. i:<77-l:iH); Travel nitiiui. I iso-i:Nj, 
l^iH-* of ralioiis. l:;s;; i/.s;. l:;sy-l icrj. i.i,,tii.| 
'""*'**' l'<^: oiIht i*>><nro uf ••uli-i-tim*' "tKn-" 
ItkO-mni: SiiviiiK*. 1H'7 lliHJ; Coiiiiiiiitatifii 
llH»-lli-i; Srtl.>. lljf.-lM'.i; lilank funiiv IIH». 
Aei-uiintii and niiirii!.. nil. 



ARTICLE LXXX. 
I*iiy Doiiartmeut: <ieiieral provisions. 1442-1444; 
Payiiu-nts lo orticrrs. 14l.'>-l4«a; l*ay during 
absence. 14i»l-l 171 : Tmvel alli>\vanci*s. 1 I7J-14S8: 
(\iniinutation of iinarters, Mv«»_i |%: sto]»i»u{fcj«, 
14'.>7-l.Vn»: I'tiynient of I'jidets. I'yoi: l*jiynient 
f»f enlisted nuMi. I.'>(r_>-l.V_»7: Iteciili^tnieiit nnd 
runtiniious-siTviri' pay. l-Vjs-i. ",:«»: Allotnienlsi, 
1");{1-1.>1I; Forfeitures and deiliirtion>, l.'>4.'»; Pcr- 
lilicateof merit. l.'>jr>: DriMisits, i:)47-l.Vv); pay 
of desj'rters. l.'wVi-l.V»s; Pnynieiit of ili-irlinrved 
soldiers. I.V>y-ir»<Wi: Ml«:cena neons. l.".i;7-l.i('i«». 

AKTICLK LXXX I. 

Mcdi<*al Di'imrtnient: (•(>nrnil provision-, l.'>70, 
1">71: A|t|Kiintnients. I.'»7'2. l.">7:;: I'oiitract Sur- 
geons. Diiital Sur^'eons. 1.')74-1.\h«»: xiie lIo>pitul 
('ori>s. l.V,K»-U".-j»: Andnil.niei's and litters. IrilO- 
it')!.'): Firld siTvi<-i*. u;n;-ir.-j(); (iriicnil >io«>]tital!«. 
ni'Jl- l«;-'7: Srrvireof lio>pitals. lr;'>-ir,n: Hojspi- 
talhuildinji'*. li'dl-K^'iO: >irk n«ll.l«l".l. l»i.V_»: Mi-il- 
ii-a1 Kttrnilaiirf. IiL'i:^l(>('..*i: Mcdiciij -iippliiHt, 
lU'.4l-lt;<i'»; IliiH»rts jinM n-tiinis. li'.TU. 1«'.71; Artl- 
tlrial limlis, liiTL'-liiTt'.. 

AiiiK LE LXXXIL 
Corp- of Kmrin«-ers. P'^-hWi. 

Ai«Ti« i.i: LXXX III. 
Onlnanci' MepurtniiiM: <trni'r;il iin>vj<sions. 1«;<J1: 
Issiii'saiid >nli--. hWi't 1712; IvxiM-nditnn.- of aui- 
niiinitioii. 17i;;-17M'.: Surplus or <lanni';e«l -ton-s. 
1717-17'J ■: Iii-iMTtion of liriliiitiK-f-tipiilir^. 17"Jtl- 
17l's; pHrkiiitr Mild truii^jMiriatiiiTi. I7J'.»-17:i.J: 
Ki'iuni- nnd n-pi>rt«.. I7:'.» i:;;7: Te-t- aiitl i-x- 
iK-rimi-iitiil trials. 17:^ 17Hi. 

Aktich: LXXX IV. 
Tlir Siiriial Cor]"'-. 1711-17.')!. 

\i:ririE LXXXN . 
Tin- K«riird aihl I'«-n-ii»n nMii».. 17."»2-I7.V>. 

Mnu i.i: 1. XXXVI. 

Til ill •nn. I7'*«^17.v.». 

AKTl. IK LXXX VI I. 

Itlaiik fiirni^. 17<''l. 

\rfiiles «if Wjir i];i-\i-i-i| ."-tatii!*-*, .-••I'liuii.- IJitJ 
jt;:il l:'.»;; :i'i.| \if ..f \|an)i 'J. I'.ml . pp. Jll j.'*!. 
.\pi»iinli\. pp. "JV* ;'.i.s. 

Iiidi-x !•• A. It. pp. ::•".' 11''. 

liii|i\ ti* App< iii|i\. pp 117 l_'7 



REGULATIONS 

n)R THE 

ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES. 



ABnOLB I. 

Military Dibcipunb. 

1. All iM*n«oiui in tho military Herviiv are rvquiretl Ui olioy Htrirtly aii«l to t*xi*«*uti* 
promptly th«* lawful onleiv of thiMr miperiuiv. 

9. Military siuthority will U* t*xi*mw»(l with flniineiw, kindneiv, an<l jiiKtiiv. Pun- 
tehinenti! miiHt (*«>tifonii t4> law aiid follow offeiiMtt aH pnmiptly ai* circuniKtaiicen will 
pennit. 

3. Su|NTinr> art* forhitidrti to injiin- th<jM.* umler tlK*ir authority by tyrannitml or 
capririouH coniluct, or by ahiiKive laniruaKi.*. 

4. (* )urt«-hy anions military' iiK*n i>* iiKiiKfienKahli* to (llM'ipliiie; respect ti> mip(*non* 
will not U* itintimMl to oU><li(*n(v on ilutv, hut will U* fxtc'iiilfd on all oc*iraiiioni«. 

6. iVliU'nitionH or <liMMi.HHioni< ainon^ military m(*n (*onv(>yinic praiw or (f*nmins 
or any mark of appmltttion, towanl oth<*n* in th«* militar>' Her\'i(v, ami all |Mihlicm- 
tioiiH n*}Htin^' to privat«* or iK*nK»nal traiiHa4*tionii U'twtH'n offitvnsan* pr(»hihite«l. 
KffortH til inthit-ncf hviflation affn-tini; th<* Amiy, or to pnH*un* |ientonal favor or 
conHiil«*nitii»n. mIiouM ni*v«*r In* maih* (*X(*rpt thn»u^h nvular military channels; tho 
•iloptitin •>! any other mcthiMl hy any oftiivr i»r enlittt^tl man will \n* note<l in the 
military n-t^ml nf thoM' oinivnuil. 

ABTXCLB n. 

I'KWKOKNCR f»r KSiflMKVT!* AND OtKIII. 

6. Oil all iM-<*jtfiiin.-' of i'«'n*mony, «*xrt*pt funrml (•M'virt, tr«M»|H(an* arranicp«l fnun 
rii;ht til l«'it ill lin«*. uihI from h<*ail to n'ar in column, in the following on Icr: Fini, 
infant r> : •*«><-iin<l. li^'ht artillery; thinl, ca\alry. Artillery MTvini; ai* infantry iit 
pf^^tttl It- iiifitiitry; •iir<tiiouii(4il (*iivalry ami marin«f* an* i»n the left of the infantry*; 
«*nifin«tr tpHt|iMiiti<l (|«*tai*hiiieiil/*of theSiimal ( 4ir|«tan*on the riirht of th«Mi>miiian<l 
to whii h (h«*y urt* utla« h«'«l; •letailimentf* of the hospital f^trymt iin* aMHiirmtl to plaiv 
aceonliiik' ti> tlif itutiin' of the M*r\i('«*. When mvalry ami tieM artillery, or li«'|i| 
artilliT\ :iih1 iiifantr). an- n«viewe<| t<iKi*t her without othi*r tnM>|N(, the artillery m 
|Hw«tfil fit thf U'it. Ill th«' •^ame arm. nvul*r^* volunte«*rTi. ami militia an* |MM«te>il in 
lin«' from rik'ht u* Irft. or in 4*olumn fnim Im'S'I tit ntir. in the onlrr nami«l. In 
n-MfH- >'i hip.^- Uiilii'ji nf tri«>iM the tliffen-nt ann* ami t'lafv<7» an* iHvitioil at the fli— 
cn-ti'*ii xf thf «-iiiiim:in<liiik'k'*'n**n(l. «liie nvani Umiii; |«ii«I to their |Mi»tition in camp. 
i>n all "thiT i«-i-.if>ion<* tr«Mi|* ^f all ilan*'^ an* |««*te<l iit the •li«i-n*tion tif the iri*neral 
or ?^'tiii>r I «>ii.iiiaii«i«*r 

l>s|s 4rj 1 1 



RANK AND PRECEDENCE. 



ABTIOUS m. 

Rank and Prbcedence of Offickrh and Noncx)mmihhioned Officekh, 

7. Military rank iH tliat character or quality lx»towtMl on military ]»erB«jnH which 
markH their ntation, and conforH eligibility to exercise command or authority in the 
military wrvitv within the limitH prescrilxHl hy law. It m divuhnl into degnn^H or 
grades, which mark the relative p<j«itions and powerH of the different clafven of ]»er- 
8onH |M>HHe88ing it. 

H, Rank iH generally held by virtue of office in a regiment, «)rpe, or department, 
but may Ih? conferre<l inde|)endently of olfii'e, an in the ca^e of retireil officers and of 
those holding it by brevet. 

9. The following are the grades of rank of officers and noncommissioned officers: 



1. Lieutenant-geiiemL 

2. Major-general. 

3. Brigadier-general. 

4. (Colonel. 

5. Lieutenant-colonel. 
0. Major. 

7. Captain. 

8. First lieutenant. 

9. Second lieutenant. 

10. V^eterinarian, cavalry and artillery. 

11. Cadet. 

12. St»rgeant-major, regimental, an<l Hi»r- 

geant-major, senior grade, Artillery 
CViriJi*. 



13. Quartermaster-sergeant, regimental. 

14. Commissary -sergeant, regimental. 

15. Ordnance-sergeant, jK>Ht commissary- 

seiyt^ant, jKjst (juarter master-ser- 
geant, electrician sergt^ant, hospital 
stewanl, first -I'lass sei^^ant Signal 
Corps, chief nmsician, chief tnim- 
|)eter, and princi|»al nmsician. 

16. S(]ua<lron and battali<»n seiveant- 

majc)r, and sergeant-major, junior 
graile. Artillery Cori)H. 

17. First se.rgt*ant and dnnn major. 

18. Si^rgeant and acting hospital stewanl. 

19. Cori)oral. 



In eat;h grade, date of commission, ap|)ointment, or warrant detennines the onler 
of prectMien(*e. 

10. Offitvrs of the Regular Army, Marine Coqis, and voIunttH^rs when commis- 
sioneil or mustere<l into the stTvice of the CnitiHl States, Iteing Ufxin e<|ual fiHiting, 
take pnHtHlen(*e in eat^h gnule by date of nmimission or apixiintment. Militia offi- 
cers, when employe<l with the nyular or volunttH.»r fon!es of the TnitiMl Stutt^*, take 
rank next after all <»fficvrs of like grade in those forces. 

11. Ik^twetMi otIict*ra of the same gnule and date of ap{>ointment or commission, 
other than through promoti<m by seniority, relative nink is dctenninc<l by length of 
s^»rvicv, <*(»ntinuous or ortherwist*, as a connnissioneil officer of the TnittMl States, 
either in the Ri'gular Anny, or, simi^ April 19, IWU, in the vohuit4'er fon*es. When 
perio<ls of si»rvi<*e aretHpial, priHtnlemv will, exivpt when !ixc«l by onler of merit on 
examination, lHMietennine<l, first, by rank in s^'rvice when ai^>inte<l; MiV(»nd, by 
former rank in the Army or Marine Cor|>s; thin], by lot, among such as have not 
lHH»n in the militarv st»rvi(v of the TnitiHl States. 

• 

l!i. The n»lative rank bt»twctMi offitvrs <»f the Armv and Navv \t* as follows, lineal 
rank only lH*ing (*onsidenMl: 



(ieneral with admiral. 
I j(Mit4M)atit -general with vio^admiral. 
Major-gi*n«*ral witli n*ar-a«lmiral. 
Briga«lier-g«»neral with c«»mm(Ml<»n».' 
(\>lonel with (*aptain. 
Iiicutenant-4M)lonel with (*ommander. 



Major with lieutenant-conimandcr. 

(^aptain with li«*utenant. 

First lieutenant with li(Mit4>nant (junior 

gnule). 
S<M*ond lieut4Miant with cnsiun. 



I TUv tmkt\v of o«)iuni«Mloit> c«'Hiii*(l to fxiM iw a frnwlo of rank on tlu> ai'tlvf lUt In thr Navy of thi* 
rnitf<l Statt-o «>n Man-h a. ISWI. Hy f*ivtion 7 of the a<rt of Man-h ». InW CM) Stat. L., V7\). tht* nini' 
Jnnior n>ar-n<lniiraN arv authorlxi'<l to rvcvivv the |iay and allowancvM of hrit^livr-goncralu in tbv 
Army. 



OUMMAND — APPtUNTMKNT AND rSOMOTIOII. 8 

ABTXCLB IV. 

(\»MMANI». 

Ifl. (ViiiiiiiaiKl i»* i*xcn*im«<l by virtiu^ «>f oflitv aikI the Hpt^-ial awi^mciit nf 
otIKvn* hoMin^ iiiilitAT}' nuik wlu» an* vli^ihlc by law to <*x<*mw <'«»iniiian(l. With- 
out orfl<*rr« fn»iii t*«»nii)eti*iit aiitht»rity atiotfuvr iiui not put hitiiM*lf on «luty by virtue 
of hiM ominiiMHion alom% except tm conteni plate* 1 in the 24th aixl V^M Articles ol 
War. 

14. Tlie following; are the ocminuuitltf appntpriate to <*af*h ^raile: 

1. For a captain, a eoniiNUiy. 

2. For a major or lieutenant-colonel, a liattalion or n|iia«ln»n. 
'A, fur a «'«»lonel, a refdnient. 

4. For a bripwiier-Keneral. two rpfnnienti«. 
Ti. For II inajor-trt*neral, four nvinientji. 

lA. The funetioiu* aM<i(ai(*<l ti» any otfict*r in thene nvulationi* by title of office 
deviiUi* U|M»n the otKi-er M'tin^ in bin place, ex<t*pt when otherwiM* H|Kvifit^l. An 
otli«vr in teni|iorary (*i»innian<l nhall nf»t, excvpt in urgent («i«ei«, alt4*r or annul the 
iitaiHlini;onh*n<of the |ii*nnanent cimunander without authority frtmi the next higher 
nminiander. 

16. An otli«vr whornicet*e<li4 1«» any omunand orduty KtaiidH in n*|{anl to hiitdutieM 
in the Minie Hituation m* hif pn*ih*4*ef**i»r. The offitvr reliev4«<l will turn over to hia 
fnicni-NMir uil onh'm in fonv at the time ami all the public pn>|ii*rty and fundn |ier- 
tainini; tn bin fimmiand or «hity, an<i will re«vive therefor duplicate nHviptK pbowinic 
the oinditioii of «*a(*h article. 

I Y. An otli«vr *if Knirimvn* or OnlnaiKts or «if the Adjutant-^tenerarn, Ini>i|i«*(ior- 
lienciuPp, JudKe-Adv<Miite-<ienenirH. l^uirtenna«4ti*r*H, or Suliniiitence I>e|«rtnient, 
or Sitnial t*on**« **'' ^^*^* IU*(*onl and IVnnitin <Hlios thoiitrh elitrible ti» iiimmaiid, 
ai*i*onlin^ to Iuh rank, Miall not ai«<unie mmniaml of tr<M»|N« unleM* |Mit on duty under 
onli*n* which Hivfially mt dinvt, by authority of the l*ni*itient. 

1^* An oflbvr iif (he I'ay or M«*«li«'al lH«|«irtnient ttiu not i*xen*iM* command, 
extvpt in hi>«own ib*|«irtmrnt; Uit any ntaff otibvr, by virtue of bin «*<Hnmit«*ioii, may 
mmmaiitl all enliHlc'd ummi like otb«*r (iiiiimif«iion«*«i «i(ti«ierH. 

!#• When an tifliiiT in fbanri'*! with ilin-ctiiii; an ex|i«ililioti or makinira n«*«in- 
naiwaiHv, without havini; f*ommund of the cM'virt. th«* oimmander of the f'M'ort will 
roiiftult him ttiui'hini; all arninte«<mfnlfi n«*i'<i*»««iry to M*«*iin* the itu«*c«'ff4< of tin* 
o|H*ratit»ii. 

ABTXCLB V. 

Al*ni|\T1IK\T %\|i l*Ko«|<rrio\ or (*o«|«||wilo%'KI» (H'KMKIOt. 

S|#. N*iCii'«^ of ap|H»inliiii*n(i» and pnitntition* an* i>««iH'«l by tin- War IV|«rlnM*nt 
thnriiirh th«* Adjntant-4i«*ni*nil **i lh«* Anii%. 

)ll. Ap|«iitilm«>iil til till' tffHilf of leeneinl i>ttioT i* tiiaib* by M*U*ftioii fnKii ttie 
Ann%. 

)M. (Niiha of i>tli«i* of of|i«vn« of the Aniiv will In* taken lii*ftin*f«im«* ofliivr who in 
aiilhorijuoi b% thf lam of thi* I'nitiol Static or bv thi-lo«iil muni«ii«l law to a<iniinii»- 

* • a 

Irr ««tlif*, U'foH' tin* jiHliri*-a<iviHtit<' of a df|ianm«Mit. or of a oiurt- martial, or by the 
trial tilTii'vr i»f a mmimarv miurl. < »tti«'«*p* of tb«* Annv. oiImt than iImm* aUi\«* niN^'i- 
6c«l, an* n«il authorixtol bv law to a«lniiniM«*r ••nrb *«illip 

99* l*nimi»tioiiK in «vtiibli»h«^l "taff iiir]** and df|iHrtni«-ii(^ u* in«-bitli* IIh* cnule oC 
CokMH'l will Im* maiie by wiii«irit%. •iili)«*i't In lh«* (*xamiiui(ion n^iuin**! by law. 



APPOINTMENTS AND PBOMOTION8 — EXAMINATIONS. 

I. Promotions in the line of the Army to include the grade of colonel, in eairh 
arm of the service, will be made by seniority, subject to the examinations requirtMl 
by law. 

9ft. Whenever any officer of the line or staff is ordered before an examining or 
retiring board, the originals or copies of all official records affecting his character 
or efficiency, on file in any bureau of the War Department, will be fumisht^i to the 
Adjutant-General of the Army, and by him forwarded for the consideration of the 
respective boards. 

96. Vacancies in the grade of second lieutenant existing on the 1st day of July 
each year are filled by appointment, in order, as follows: (1) From gradiiat4*s of the 
United States Military Academy; (2) from enlisted men of the Army found duly 
qualifieci; (3) from civil life. 

97. A soldier to be eligible for the position of candidate for promotion must l)e a 
citizen of the United States, unmarried, between 21 and 30 yeara of age on the iHt of 
September following his preliminary examination, and of goo<i moral character lK)th 
before an<i after enlistment. An appUcant will not be ordered for the preliminary 
examination unless it is apparent that on the first of September next following hi; 
will have ser\'ed honorably not less than two yearn. Such service need not have 
been continuous, but must have been rendered as an officer or enlisted man in the 
regular or volunteer forces, or as a cadet at the Military Academy, unless such cadet 
was discharged for deficiency in conduct or studies, in which case he will not l)e 
entitled to appointment in advance of the graduation of his (*lass. The com|M>titor 
at the date of his application must l)e an cnlisteil man of the lU'guIar Anny. Appli- 
cations will be made to department commanders on or l)efore February 1 of each 
year, and (H)mpany commanders in fol^arding them will verify the statement of 
ser\'ice submitted by enlisted men of their respei*tive commands. 

9S. With a view to the selection of proper enlisted men of the Army as "candi- 
dates for promotion'' to the grade of second lieutenant, e&ch department comman<ler 
will, as soon as practicable after March 15 of osvh year, convene a l)oard of ^va offi- 
cers for the preliminary examination of the soldiers of his command who are legally 
qualified applicants for a i^ommission to determine their eligibility for the competi- 
tive examination. This board will institute a rigid inquiry into the chanuier, 
capacity, record, and qualifications of the several candidate**, and will n><'onHnend 
none for cromfietitive examination who are not able to establish their fitnens for pro- 
motion to the entire satisfaction of the l)oard. On St»pteml)er I of i^ac^h year the 
War Department will wmvene a Ixjanl of five ofiicvrs for the final I'oniiietitive exam- 
ination to detennine the fitness an<l onler of merit for pnMnotion of the s«»l<liers who 
have suc<*essively passe*! the preliminary examination. Two memlK»r« of eat'h Inwir- 
will l)e officers of the Meili(^al I>e|>artnient. 

99. Each enliste<i man re<*ommende<l in ac<*onlance with the law and the fon»- 
going regulatiim will receive fn>ni the Adjutant-(ieneral of the Army u <vrtiticate of 
eligibility for apiK>intment to the grade of ^^'Cf>n<l lieutenant, and will U* knoun as a 
"candidate** for pnmiotion. He will have the title **can<lidate'* pn*fixe<l in bin 
name in all rolls, returns, onlers, and cornel kmkUmuv in which it apfH^ars, aii<l will 
l)eentitle<i to wear the candidate's striiH* cm the skwi^s* of uniform coat, blouj^e, and 
overcoat ho long as he holds this H]MH*ially honorable |M)sition. 

30. The eligibility of a t^ndidate for apiKiintment as second lieutenant an<l bin 
priviU»gi's as <*andidate tenuinate the Ist of St»ptemlH.»r next stioccecling his coiiiiH'ti- 
tivocxannnatic»n, unl«*SH he shall again Ih» nn'onimendcni on competitive examination. 
A (-andidate who lHH*omes ineligible by reason of agi* will lK»entitk»<l to wear the can- 
didate's HtrifM' on the left sleeve so long as he maintains his g<MMl standing in the 
servici*. Ilavim; i»asse<l a de|iartniental iMianl, but having faileil to (laM* the com- 
/)(*titive iMiani, he may again be examine<l by the ixinqietitive Inianl on pro|H?r 



APFOINTMENT8 AND PB<»MOTION8 EXAMINATIONS. 5 

application made through department headquarters; he will not ho required t^ » pan 
a de|iartm«»ntal boanl a Meound time. An applit^aiit who twicx* Cailn in nHn|ietitive 
examination to obtain a ci*rtifii«te of eligibility a« ouididatv for promotion can not 
again oom|jete for that poMition. 

91. CVuididateM who may lie guilty of miM^ondurt will he promptly reporte<l to the 
Adjutant-<ienenil <»f the Anny, through nyinuMital an<i defiartnitMit htnuiquartert, 
the n*|)ort t«) <Nintain a full Htatenient of the alk^giHl miM^ondurt, with iianiex of wit- 
nesMHei*. The tle|«rtment 4'<»nnnflnder will nee tliat the candidate han a fair and 
iui|«rtial hearing, and will fon»'anl the refwrt for the dtviiiion of the .S*ervtary of 
War. 

9)l. ( 'andidatA'H for promc»tion will not he deprive«l of the priviU*ge«i ol tlu*ir poni- 
tion except hy Henteniv of a general ctiurt-nmrtiul or by order of the Secretary of 
War, or by o|ierati(»n of law i>r reguiatiouM. While holding the privilege« of that 
pfNiition they will not Im* brought before inferi«»r <'<»urti*-niartial for trial. 

99. A civilian t4> U* eligible for ap|M»intment mimt U- a eitheen of the rnit«><i Staten, 
unmarri<'«l, U*twi«en 21 and 27 yean* (»f agt*, niunt In* examine«l and appn>v«Hi an to 
liabiti«, moral chanu*t4*r, mental and phynical ability, (*«lui«tion, and general titnem 
for the Her\'iiv, by a iMianl c«invem*d an<l o»iiKtituti><] an pn»vidt*4l in |«ragraph 28 for 
the final rom|H*t it ive examination of enliKte<l men. The <iiui'«tional t|ualiH(«tionii 
re«{uire«l for ap|iointment, which are thone neceiwary f<»r a^lmiM^ion to the i«i*r\'ioe 
iii*ho(»lii at Fort licaven worth and K<»rt Monrr>e. will U* announ«*«><l in onleni from 
time Ut time by the Ad jutaiit-< ieneral of the Anny. 

•M. No pen«»n hIihII Ik* examineil unlii«« he ban a letter fn>ni the War rK*|)artment 
authorizing hii* examination. 

W the candi< late Iiuh U*i*n gnuhuit^Nl at an inntitution where he n*ceive«l military 
inHtnwii«iii, he luuA preK^nt a <liplonui or a re(*i»iiinien<latiitn from the faculty of the 
iimtitution. 

U a memlirr of the Natif»nal itiuinl. he muM preMMit niiimmemlatirHiH fn»ni the 
pro|ier National <fiuinl aiithtiritie^. 

96. Kvery (mndiilate will U* Kubj«'(>t<*«l to a rigid pbymral. examination, and if 
there U* found to exint any c«iim* f»f diw|iuiliflfmtion which might in the futun* inqiair 
hii* efHciency ai« an otlin-r of thf Anny. he will U* n'je«*tiNl. The lioani will inquire 
and re|M>rt ronivming <«4-h applitvnt whether he it* of giMMl moral cluiraiM«*r or 
a«ldi«'t4'd to the ui*e of intoxicating lii|Uon«. Kxamination an t«i phyMiul quali(l<'ationH 
will rtinfonn to the iftandani rf<|uin*«l of re(*niitj<, ainl im-ludea (vrtitiivteof phyiii«ml 
examination by twn metliinl otli«vp« tn ii4'<*om|iany the (iroceevlintp* of the lh«ni 
(whii*h will embrmix.* all the information riMiuirvd by the funu of examination ol 



6 STAFF APPOINTMENTS AND DETAILS — ATTACHES. 

ABTIOLB VI. 

Stapf Appointmbntb and Detailh — Military AiTArnfta. 

36. Reflations respecting details of line officers to tlie staff, under the authority 
conferred by the act of February 2, 1901, together with such nilw as may 1k» pre- 
scribed by the President in regard to examinations therefor, will Im announced in 
orderH, from time to time, by the Adjutant-Cieneral of the Army. 

37. As far as practicable, all appointments and details for staff duties will U* (H|ual-' 
ized among the several regiments. 

3S. In making details for special duty and detache<l ser^'ice, due consi<ieration will 
be given to the efficiency, zeal, and reliability of offitvrs as evidence<l by the rcnronl 
of their services. 

39. An officer will not be detachcnl from his regiment or cor]^ until he has served 
at least three years therewith, and when an offi(*er shall have Ihh'U so <leta(*heil for a 
perio<l of four years, unless he Ik^ assigntnl to siiec'ial <lnty by the War I)t*i»artment, 
he will apply for onlers t<» l)e n»lieve<l. 

40. The Lieutenant-lieneral is allowe<l by law two aids and a military' secretary; 
a major-general is allowe<l three aids, to l)e taken from c!a]»tains or lieutenants of the 
Army; a brigadier-general is allowed two ai<ls, to \w! taken fn>ni the lieutenants of 
the Army. An officer assigncnl to <luty in ai'cordanc^e with his brevet rank as major> 
general or brigadier-general may, with the spcn^ial sanction of the War De|>artment, 
l)e allowe<l the aids of the grade, (ieneral officers may si>lect their aids from officers 
serving in their commands, subject to the n»strictions herein prescribe<l, but appoint- 
ments as aids of officers serving without such limits must receive the approval of the 
Sei*retary of War. An officer will be appointe<l aid to a general officer only after he 
shall have actually served with troops for at least three of the five yi^rs immediately 
preceding such appointment. He will hold such appointment for no longer {Miriod 
than four years, except that, upon the request of a general otiicer whose retin^ment 
by reason of age will occur within one year, the tour of four years may l»e extended 
by the Secretary of W^ar to the date of ^ch retirement. 

41. An officer of the Army serving as military atta(*he abroad will l)e entitled to 
the following allowances: A suitably fumishe<i office when needed, or an unfurnished 
room with one desk or table, six chairs, one lKK)k or file case, the artii^les allowed for 
an office desk by Regulations, and the stationery requireil in tlu* ]H>rfonnan(*e of public 
duty, to l)e furnished by the Quartermaster's I>ei>artinent, and in either case the n»gu- 
lation allowance of fuel for one office fire. Mounted offit^rs will 1h^ allowed forage 
if horK*s are ac*tually kept, and offii^ers not mountiHl, or mounted ofrKvrs not drawing 
forage, the hire of a horse when necessary for mounte<l duty. Necessary funds for 
these allowances and blank forms for reports and returns will Ih> pnMMire<i by requi- 
sition on the Quartermaster-( ieneral. Money a(MX)unts will U» ren<lere<l quarterly. 
Items for necessary cost of exchange will l)e entennl on att'ounts cum»nt, the entries 
of each being sup|K)rted by the certificate of the officer that current rates of exchange 
were paid and that other vouchers are not (»btainable. Allowances of niileagi*, (x>m- 
mutation of quarters, and, except as provided in ^laragraph 1244, trans])ortation, an» 
the same as when on other duty. 

49. All publications of a military nature issaed by the (tovemment intende<l for 
delivery abroad will, unless otherwise ordertnl, In? sent to the War De|Mirtmeiit, 
marked, '*Di vision of Military Information.'* 



DETAim T<> CX>LLKGK8 — CUAFLAINS. 7 

ABTIOLB VH. 

43* Offici^ni of the Amiy may U» <letaile<i t4> ai*t am fiii|N»rintonil(*nU» or pmfcfipora 
of (ftabliMfuMl military iiii<titnt4*t(, w*iiiinari(*H f»r mrH^hMiiiti*, (*oII«*}ni4 or iiniwrHiticH. 
(MrK't-m <lti«irin^ i<ti«'h dHailn may apply to the A(ljtitant-< u*m*nil of tht* Anny 
thnmirli ntnilar rhanni*lK 

44. l<4*);iiiH*ntal etaff ofluvn*, ot!i<vrH who }iav4* >H*r%*(><i hi** than tiv4* yt*arH in thi* 
Army or lt*MH than thn>«* Vfan* with tliiMr n^nntMit^ or coriiH, tlioM« who hav«* ri'ivntly 
iiimplftnl a tonr of (l«*ta4*h(Hl iluty, and otIitvrH (»n <hity ac ini>tni(*torH or HtinlfntK at 
the Mur%'ii'«* M*h<MilH will not U* 4*li)rihlo. 

4A. A n'tirt^l otIirt.*r may. at hit* own n'<i]mvt, U* <li*tail««(l ff»r thin duty, or hi* 
may arrunp* to w^rv'v at a colUfti* with<»nt ilrtail from* f>r rffcnMKi* to th«* War 
IVfArtmcnt. 

46. No il«*tail will U* mad«* to any otllt^* or nniwrcity iink^iv thi* offitHT in 
ativptaihh* to tht* anthoriti«i* of tht* inctitiition; nor will an otli«t*r U* (iHaiUtl for 
niifh tliity unl474H drill anil ini<tnu*tion in military tartii>«c4inHtituti*Ha |iart of the pn*- 
wriUil i*tmrw* of nttidv. 

• 

4Y. IiijitnictionH to o|li<*<>n« detail<Nl under ftarainnph 43, and nviilationn ciMxvrn- 
ini;appli(*atiMnH for ottiivrv, ap|M>rtionment of dwailn, and the iwne of the onliiancv 
utorevi authorix«*d by law, will U* funiinhe*! hy the War I>e|iartmenL 

ABTIOLB Vm. 

4*1. R4frimental ehaplainn and rhaplainn of the Artillery (%>r|»i will U* awiiinK'^l 
and tranf*fem<d hv the Svn-tarv i>f War. 

4#. I>i*|iartment n>mmanden« will fn»m time to time n*<*<immend nneh tranHfen* of 
rhaplain.M in their eitiiimandn an may U* d«*i*mi*«i fur the lN*!>t interenti* f»f the i4er\'i(v. 

&•• (*haplainH will n^nder Ut the Adjutant-^teneral of the Army, throiiieh the 
it«iial military rhaiinelii, on pnf«(*rilie«l fonnn, nuinthly n*IM»rt^ of dntitf) |N*rfonne<l. 
Thi'v will k«*«*p an ai*<'tinit4* re<*onl of all marriap*, liaptiiimal, and fmieral Hi*rvi«if< 
|M'rfonnc«l hy them. Uith for iK*rM4inH in tht* military MTV'iiv and for riviliann. Thii* 
will Im- on«* of the jHiKt nM*<»nlHand will U* Mihjtvt to examination hy inf<iH<«*toni. 

41* Chaplainn will not Ik* n**iuiri*il to turn ont with tnit>|i(< on iMfiuiionH of ii*n»- 
mon%. hut mill U* inH|H^i«tl at \t»m\ i-ha|N*lr*. M'htMdroomN or lihrariti*, h>* may In.* 
iUvigiiat4^1 hy iHNtt cumiuAuUcni. 



8 TBANSFEBS AND EXOHANQES — LEAVES OF ABSENCE. 

ABTIOLE IX. 

Transfer or Exchange of Officers. 

59. Officers transferred from one ann or corps to another, on mutual application, 
will be nominated for reappointment with rank as of the date of the (commission of 
the junior officer previous to the transfer, and upon (confirmation will be re(x>mmiH- 
sioned a(xx)nlingly. An officer of the lowest grade in any arm or corps who may be 
transferred, on his own appli(;ation, to a vacancy in his grade in any other arm or 
corps will take rank next after the junior officer of the ann or (*orps to which he is 
transferred, and will l)e nominated for reappointment, with a new date of rank if 
necessary to fix his proper position, and upon coufinnation will Ix^ recommissioned 
accordingly. These new appointments and (ximmissions will determine the rank of 
transferred (>ffi(«rs in their regiments and corps as well as in the Army. 

ft3. Offii^ers in each arm of the service will be transferred from one regiment to 
another therein, as the interests of the service nnjuire, by orders fmm the War 
Department, without change of rank or commission. The transfer or exchang(^ of 
company officers of a regiment or of the artillery corym will l)e made by the (V)m- 
nianding General of the Army. 

ABTIOUS X. 

Leaves of Absence to Officers. 

ORDINARY LEAV1». 

M* In time of peace tlie (H)minander of a post may grant leaves of absence not to 
exceed seven days at one time, or in the same month; and he may give iiermission 
to apply to the proper authority for extension of such leaves for a })eri(Ml not to 
exceed twenty-three days. 

ftft. The commander of a post may take leave of absence not to excee<l seven days 
at one time, or in the same month, reporting the fact to his next superior 
coiumander. 

(Ml. A division commander may grant leaves for ten days, a (H>rps or department 
commander for one month, and the Commanding General of the Army for four 
months; or they may extend to such pericKls those granted by sulM)nlinate t^m- 
manders. Applications for leaves of more tlian four months* duration, or from 
officers of the staff coqis and departments for more than one month, or fn)m de|»art- 
ment commanders desiring leaves of absence to pass beyond the territorial limits of 
their (X)mmands, will be fon**arded to the Adjutant-General of tlie Army for the 
action of the Secretary of War. 

ft7. An application for leave must state its desired duration. Intennediatt* (com- 
manders will indorse their recommendations upon the appli(«tion. 

ftH. Chiefs of bureaus may grant leaves for one month to officers of their n»spec- 
tive (X)rpe 8er^•ing under their immediate direction, or extend to that |)eriod those 
already granted to such officers. 

ft9. Li'aves of al)sence for three months, from date of graduation, will Im^ allowed 
to graduates of the Military Ai^ademy. They will not U* (*ountiHl against them in 
sulisequent applii^tions for leave, but (;an not Xm |K)sti>one<l to another time. 

^O. Leaves of absence will not be grantiMl so tliat a (*om]iany will Ih' left without 
a commissioned offi(*er, or a ix)8t without two commissioned offi<vrs and comiH»tent 
medical attendance; nor will leavt? of absem^e Ihj grante<l to an offict»r during the 
s(*ason of active operations, except in c^se of urigent necessity. 

61. I>eave of al)senc*e exceeding seven days, except under extraonlinar)' circum- 
stances itarticularly stated in the application, will not be granted to an offic(>r until 
he bus joined his n*giiuent or it)Tim and served therein at least two yearv. 



LEAVR8 OK ABAKNCR. {I 

#9. Applicatidiifl fur lc«veH of alweiioe will not 1m* mac It* t>xr«*pt thrtiuisli iniliUry 
chaunelM, n(»r will eztensioni* begnmto<l unlcw n*(*otniiienilwl hy c(»iiiiieteiit authority. 

#9* I>MVw of alwence will U* irnuit4Nl in U*mw of nionthi* and dayn, an '*on«* 
mouth/* " one month and t«n <iayH.'* Ixiivt* for onv month, lieginninK on the first 
day «>f a t«lendar month, will expin* with xUv lant day nf the month, whatever itj* 
number of liayn. CommeneinK i»n an intenntnliate day. the leavt* will ex]»in* the ilay 
pre«*edinK the Hame day of the next month. Tht* day of de|iartun*, whatever the 
h<»ur, if* iiiunte«I an a dav of dutv; the dav tif n*tuni, an a dav nf ahtn'm^*. 

#4. A leave of alinence eomnH*neeff on the day following that nn whi<'h the offiivr 
deijarti* from hii* pn>i)er Htation. The expiration of hin lt*ave miint fiml him at hi* 
piNft, ezcvpt an indicated in iiaragraphi* 1467 and 14K4. A U«veiif a)»4i'nfvinrant4*«l an 
ofiiivr in the field, or <m Hiweial duty, will take eff<>4*t on tht* tennination of the cam- 
|iai|m, or *»n thec-vimpletion of mirh duty, unlft*M« in th<* opinion nf the de|iartnient 
commanilfr hiK m*r\'ieeM ean WMiner lie Hfiarvd, in whi<*h (*ai«e it will takeeff(*«*l at i«uc*h 
time an the i!e|Nirtment <t)mmander may *Iire«*t. In all oth«*r caM*** an «»tficvr in 
ex|M*ci«<iI til avail himnelf of a leave ai' HiM»n ai' pro|M'r fa(*ilitief* offer. unle»« a H|iei*ifie 
ilate in Htateil ii« tht* onler, and if unable to do ho. he will n*|Mirt the fact tn the 
authority trrantiuK the leavt*. 

#A. <Mi<vn« will not It^ve the l-nitttl Statt^ to >;«» lievontl the hi*h withmit |4»r- 
mimon fnmi the War I >e|jartment. 

##• An *>tfi(vr (»f the Aniiy vij*itinK fomKu tiumtrieH. whftht*r on iluty or leave, 
mill avail hinmelf i»f all pn>|ter op|M»rtunititv to obtain military infoniiat ion, t'HiN*- 
eially nut'h af pertaini« to hid braneh of the Ker\'i«t*. lit* will re|ii»rt the rvKultf **( bin 
olMTvatioUH Ui the Adjutant-^ ieneral of the Anny on bin return to duty, or i«M»n«*r 
if pnirti(«bl«*. 

#Y. Tht* iH'ittrtment of State will ht*reafter if«*U4* iii>tvial |kaf«i]iortii for th<* nm* of 
ofiiivn* of the Army travfliuK abniad, cithfr on duty or leavo of aliHen«t>. U]Min tht* 
tNmdition that they lie |>ut to um> temliuK to inc*reaM* tht* t>fiirit*n<*y of tb«* military 
n*r\Hv, and only u|M>n the n*<|uei<t of the War lH*|iartmt*nt, and nt*vfr u|Min the 
dirv«*t r%^|m^ of the otilft*nt th<*nii«i*lvti(. Appliivtioni* of otfiivrn for H|it^*ial |ia*4«- 
|Mirtii mill Im* aiMni««f<l to the Ailjutant-<feneral of tht* .\nny. mill m>I fi*rtb tbi* rea- 
fioiiji for n<iim*i«tinic aii«I the tint* to bt* umde of them, and tht*y miifX, in all i'hn*»<. lie 
aii'«im|iani«*<l by tht* fet* of ont* dollar, m'hi«*h w n*«|uin*«l by lam- ti» In* i-«>llf>i't«*d for 
every c*itiit*n*K |«Mi|M>rt ixnut^il. 

#ft. An otflivr icnintt^l leave of alM»nfv fur mor%* than M'ven day* mill, b'fore 
takiiiie ailvanla^* tlit*r%tif. n*]iort to liin |Hifit and nthmental or it»r\m iiimiiiHiiiliT and 
ti» the .liljutant-( f t*neral of the .\nny the ]iroliable ilate ni hii* ilt*|ianun*ani| bi4ii«*w 
aildn'Mi, anti then'mft4*r he mill inum^liatt'ly r%*]H»rt any rbaiiip* in bif* a<Mn-f«i to the 
Name otfltvna. %Vrlial |»enniti« for lent tluin tm't*nty-(our boiin«ar%* ni»t itMinti^il an 
l««%-tti of alim*ii4ii*, but every otht*r al*iencv, f»f mliatt^ver tlunition. mith tiati* of ileittr- 
tun* anil rvtum, will U* nott^l on the i»<Ntt, nirimental ami de|iartmi*iit n*tuniH. 

##• iVnuiiMoii to hunt mill not In* «i>nKiden*«I an a It^ve of alMi-mv if tb«' otFuvr 
tm hit* return to the i«tation formanln to ile|iartmt*nt lifaili|iuirtt*n«. Ibmuirb Iih «-oui- 
nuuidinir titflcvr, a <vrtificate tluU hiji time mbile alinent man t*mpltiy«^l wilely in 
huntinir. and fumiiibt*M a n*|Mirt icivinir an i^ompb'te a iltwri]*tion an |io*««iblf nf the 
omntrv traverm^! bv him. 

• # 

7#« . enuiNQtin to hunt, under fianHrrapb 'iH of tbetie rt*inilationf*. may !«• irnintetl 
by «le|aulnient and fniKt f'<immafiilt*m for in'rioiU n«it i-xti^^liuic tin me for mbh b they 
an* autboritt^l to irrant Itiaven of al«tenii*. 

Yl. \\\ applit«tionn for exteunionn of leavti* of alM^mv i»r for ilelayM, and all «^)r* 
rvii|aiii4k*mv nvaniinK tiM*in, will i«u«( thn>ui;b military rluumeln. 



10 SICK LEAVES. 

SICK LEAVES. 

73. Application for leave of absence on account of Mickness will be made to the 
commanding officer, who will refer it to the sui^geon. The surgeon will examine the 
applicant and should he find the leave necessar}' to restore health, he will submit to 
the commanding officer a medical certificate in the prescribeti fonn, stating explicitly 
the nature, seat, and degree of the disease, wound, or disability, the cause thereof if 
known, and the period during which the officer has suffered from it He will also 
give his opinion as to whether the disease, wound, or disability can be satisfa(*torily 
treated within the department in which the officer is stationed, or whether a change 
of climate or locality is necessary to afiford more rapid or perfect recovery, in which 
case the s])ecial place or region recommended will be designated, with reaHonn there- 
for. The suiyeon will also state whether, in his opinion, the disease, wouuil, or dis- 
ability requires t*'eatment by a specialist, and, if so, the nearest place where it (tan 
be obtained; also whether the wound or disease ini^pacutates the officer from all 
duty, or whether he can perform s])ei;ial duty, and, if so, the kind that he may under- 
take without endangering his Ultimate cure. 

73. The Commanding General of the Army and department commanders have 
the same authority to grant leaves of absence on account of sickness as to grant 
onlinary leaves. Permission to go beyond the limits of the (xmimand in whi(*li the 
applicant is statione<l will be given only when the certificate of the nuHlicul ofiicer 
shall state explicitly tliat it is necessary to afford rapid or perfec't nH*ov<'ry. 

74. On the expiration of a sick leave, if the officer lie able to travel, he will pro- 
ceeil to his post or station. If an extension of such leave be necessary, he will make 
timely application therefor through the same channel as in case of requent for exten- 
sion of ordinary leave, basing his application upon a me<lical certificate in pn^scriUMl 
form. When he can not procure the certificate of a medical officer ho will sultstitute 
his own certificate, on honor, as to his condition, which will embrace a full Htatenu*nt 
of his case. While absent from duty he will make report in the same manner as if 
on ordinary leave. 

7A. An officer who starts to join his station at the expiration of a sick leave will 
be reported on the rolls and returns as '*en route to join station from sick leave of 
alwence,'' during the time necessarily consumeil in making the journey to bin \ui^^ 
Should he delay en route, or consume more time in the journey than in ncH^cHKary, 
the (Commanding officer will require him to explain in writing the caune of delay. 
This explanation will be forwarded to the Adjutant-General of the Army, with the 
remarks of intermediate commanders. 

7#. An ordinary leave will not be changed to a sick leave, unless the officer desir- 
ing it make application therefor through his post conmiander, by whom it will l>e 
referred to the surgeon, who will certify as to the ne<»ewity of the change, or <»ther- 
wise, as the ttise may be. The post (*ommander will fon^ard the appli(«tion thn>uuh 
intennediate commanders, who will indorse their remarks thereon for the action of 
the Commanding General of Army or the Secretary of War. In all re|X)rtscon«t»ni- 
ing alisence on account of sickness tlie officer will stati* how long he lias been alinent 
sick, and by wliat authority. 



UFFICKKS TKAVKMN(» ON UrTY. 11 

ABTICLE XI. 

OfFICRKH TrAVKLIN<J on DlTY. 

TT« When an offi<vr in (>nU»n»<i without troo|i»» fnun om* jniHt i»f <hity ti^ another, 
be will pnN*et*<I Uy tht* nhorteft usually traveliNl nuite, wittioiit inuiiNt^Ksiry ileluy. 
rftfin hift arrival at hin new |NiHt he will iniiiii*iliately n>ixirt in writint; to thec^Mii- 
niaiKlinK «ifiieL'r the ilate of hin (le|iartun* fnmi hi»« fonntT ntjition, ami niilmiit ai-opy 
of hinonler, mttinic thenninthe <Iate he n><*eivf«i it. If hc^thall ap|ii*ar to luivc uiatU* 
anneoiwar}' delay en route, he will )h* nN|uinNl to rxpiuin the catiHi* thi*n-«if. If the 
puKt nininiamler (Win the explanation unHatisfaetory, he will forwanl tin* ivnie, 
with a HtatiMncMit of the faetii in the caM*. t4> the «le|Kirtnient mniniaiuler. If the 
oltiivr U* Hn|)erior in rank to the |M»(t (NininmniitTf th«* itNiuinNl n'|Mirt uill In* nuule 
by th«* olli<vr hiniM*lf to the (Ie|iartnient nHiinianih-r. 

7M. (>nlen< (letai'hin^ an ottitvr for HiH*cial iluty will ilinvt him to it'iuni to hti« 
pn>|M*r fitation tm tin* cainipletion of the ihity aHHi^ni*«l him when it in intiMitlnl that 
he i*lia]l do Hi». 

7#. iN'layn in oU^yin^ opUth. in n*|iortn>ts for duty, or in n^tuniin^ to duty fmiu 
kiivi* <-an not In* authorixiil t*x«vpt hy tin* S^-n-tary of War or tin* (*onuiuindiii)C 
< Mineral of tin* Army. Surh ilelayn will U* n'^nl<*«i an Icavif of alNH*nit*, uideM it 
In* f*tat«*«i in th«* onl<*r ^runtiuK thiMu that they an* in tin* inten*}«t of the puhlii* nerviii;. 

MO. OnK*n< «'<»nt4MnplatinK the {mynient of mil«'a^' nnint Htut<* tin* H|Nvial duty 
enJ4»ini*d, and that the tniv<*l dinN't(*«l \y* ni'i\ivtLry for the puhlir Hi*r\'ii*i*. Tlu*y will 
not dirt*i't travid U-voiid th<* ltMiiti< of thi* minmantl of the otfitt-r wh(» ii4«uii4 tlii*ni, 
«*x«vpt that (*i»niniaiidi*rH of di*|iartmenti« or ii»r|iH out^dt* tin* pn*M*nt liniitH (»f the 
Stat«i^ 4fiiii|MN<in); tlu* Tniou may f»rdi*r otli«t*n« of thrir n»iiiman«lHto n*tum lo the 
Tniti^l StateH in cam'H n( i*nii*n?«Mi('y. in whirh tlu* travel din*<'tt*il in nianift*Htly for 
the puhlir int4*n**it or i*' m^t'XHiiry to nave lifi*. Whi*n a ^'Uend in orden*il on liuty 
lN«yond the liniitK of hin f<imnuintl, h<* may onliT an oiliifr of liin ntaff to aiitiniiiany 
him; if onien*il to rlianip* !<tati4in. lit* may onli*r the n4*<'<iT4^iry rhaiip* of Ktation of 
hii* |N*rMinal r^taff. 

Ml. Staff otfiivpt hot M*r\'in); und«*r il«*|«:irtmi*nt ii»mmandcrx will apply to the 
War m*|iartnii*nt for ordrni «lin*«'tini: n«*«'«*r4Miry tnivi'l on puhlif liiiHn«*nf<. 

MS|« Whwi tirvi'nt puhlir • hit y luir* i*om|iflIi-<l travel, nithoiit authority pn-viounly 
ol>laini*tl. th«* <^m* hIII In* inuu«i|iately reimrtitl ti» the pnifier Mifieriiir otlii'er. \ih«Nii» 
appn»val in r*ulMi|u<'nt nnlerx will U* aii-epte*! nr* tliou^rli previa »Ufiy inr*u«'«l. 

M3. t^nlen* din^-tintr otrni*r« to vi-it Wafhintrtiiu f«ir tin* m'ttleuient of their 
ai'i'vrtintji will In* i*i«iUi'<1 i«nlv hv the S-en^tarv *»( War. 

• • • 

M4« < Mliivn* and enliMt***! men re|H»rtinir a;* witnl':'«^*«-<• U*f>»n* a I'ivil eourt fchould 
reo'ive fnmi the eivil autlioriti<*H the m^iftfary e\|ien'M*« ineurriii in tnivel and 
attwi'laniv: neither milimre n^tr travel alloHuii<-e« will U* |i:iid in <«u«*li 41imii hy the 

War lk*|«uini«*nt. If. however, it if* alMi|iit«<|y nei'*-'*Niry tii funii<*li lhi*m lnin«|Hir- 
tation ill kind to fiiahU* them tn ap|N*ar. a« Mitii«-* •«'- f«ir the (iitxertiineiit. lN*fi»n* a 
ei%il ortirt *ti the rnitol State?*, an a<'<'«iuiit of mh-Ii e\|N*iiditun*. ti^ri'ther uith the 
evideii4v that they wen* pni|N*rly Mih|iieiiae<t atiil •lii| atteiifi the i*ourt. will In* for- 
wanU^I to the War lH*|«rtnient for pnfN*ntatii»ii to the lH*|artinent of Jiu<ti(r. Olli- 
rt*rN pniviiliiiK mif-h tranr^iiortatioii will notify the I'tMirt. or the mai>hal then^if, that 
it waf* furiiirihe*! toeiiahle the witu*i«<eM to iN*rli>nii the n«|ui«ite jnuniey-* in olN*<li- 
etRY to the Miuiitiuiia. 



12 RSTIBEMEKT AND RESIGNATION OF OFFICEBS. 

ABTIOIiE XTT. 

Retirement op Officers. 

8ft. When an officer becomes ilisabled for the perfonnance of duty by reason of 
wounds, sickness, or improper habits, his imntediate commander will report the 
facts to the department commander for the a(!tion of the War I>epartment. The 
report in each case will contain specific statements and the names of witnesses by 
whom they can be substantiated. 

8#. Habitual intemperance, gambling, or other vices that tend to com])>t an 
officer and lower the professional standard will W regarde<i as pro|)er subjects' for 
the consideration and report of a retiring board. 

§7. When ample testimony establishes the fa(*t that an officer has through vicious 
indulgentre slighteil or neglected his duties to such a degree as to make it unsafe to 
intrust him with a (*onmiand, or with n«|K>nsibility tliat pro|>erly Ix^longs to his 
grade, and when it is shown that such habits have continue<i for surh length of time 
as to render {)ermanent reformation improliable, this fai-t, rather than his (condition 
when he appears before the board, shall weigh in its finding as to his in<ii]ia(ity 
for active dutv. 

• 

§S. The uniform of an officer on the retire<l list is that of his actual rank in liis 
regiment or (H)rps when retire<l, except that the numl^er of the regiment or insignia 
of corps or 4lepartment will not be worn. A retire<l offiaT with brevet i'oniinission, 
either in the regular or volunteer ser\'iceof the Annyof the Unitetl Stat4*8, may wear 
the unifonn of his highest brevet grade, and an officer who has held a commission, 
not brevet, in the volunteer service, may wear the unifonn of his highest gnuh* in 
that serN'ice except that the number of the regiment or insignia of cor{)s or clejiart- 
meut will not Ite worn. 

ABTIOIiE XTIT. 

Resignation of Officers. 

S#. A resignation tendered by an officer will be forwanle<l by his connnanding 
officer, through pre8(*rilxMl channels, to the Adjutant-C leneral of the Army for the 
decision of the President. Until duly accepted, the officer will not Ik* considen*d as 
out of the 8er\'ice. 

#0. A resignation tendered under chaiiges will be fonii'arded, ai*compani<><i by a 
rejwrt of the case, or, if practic^able, by a copy of the charges. All i»om'S}K)nt lence with 
the War Department, on the iwrt of the officer who tenders the resignation, will )« 
conducted through prescribed channels. 

#1. Leave of absence will not l>e granted on tender of resignation unless the 
resignation be unconditional and imme<liate. When leave is reijuesteil, the otiicer's 
address will accompany the resignation. 

OS. An officer of the Army on the active list who accepts or exercises the func- 
tions of a civil office thereby ceases to be an officer of the Army. An offia^r on the 
active list can not lawfaUy accept or hold any office created by State or municiiial 
aathority, whether in State military oi^ganizations or oUierwise. 



DE(7KASK1) OFFIGKR8. 13 

ABTIOIiE XIV. 

I)H('KAHKI> Okkic'rkk. 

#3. The dimtU of aii f»fn(*(*r, with plac«\ caiim'. <luy, ami hour, will U» n*iM>rt**«l 
withiHit <h*Uiy hy hit* iiiiiiii.'(liaUM'oiiiiiian<UT dinvt to th<* Aljiitaiit-<u*tit*nil f»f thi* 
Aniiy. A <hiplitato of thin n*|M)rt will U* forwanic**! to <lt*|Mirttnvnt h4*fl4l(iimrton*. 
\VIm*ii th«*<Uiith iNinirn away from the otlhfrV Htation, in h<wi|»it«l or on U*ave, the 
nH*ili««l otfhvr, if one Im** pnwi*nt, or any otruvr having; irviftnizaniv of the fa(*t, will 
make the r%'|Mirt. 

#4. Invent<iri(*H of the effeetx f»f <lee(*aM.'<l ofri<'<<rH, an n«<iuin*«l hy the one liundnHl 
aii«l twenty-tifth article of war, will lie trani«niitl4il to the Adjutant-tieneml of the 
Anny. If Uyal n*pn'>iiMitative»« take fNjHmawion of the effeiin, the fa<*t will Im* Htated 
in the inventorx*. 

#5. In <«<*h i*aM* of (U«ath (Nt*tirrin»r ainonf? the reinntenMl paiventterH on an anny 
trmiiii]Mirt, i. e.. otiii*4>rx an<l enlii9te<l men not lM*lon);inic to dijitinH connnamln on 
luianl, an well an fiviliun>< and employtni*, the tranH]Mirt c|iiarteniui«(ter will He«*un* 
the effe«iH and pn*]ian- u letter to the n(*an'}<t n*lative Hettin^ forth the name, mnk, 
comiiany, rtvi"*4*"t. employment, i»r <*ondition ot the dfecawNl; platv, caiiM*, flay, and 
hour of death; diH|Mi»iiti(»n ma^h* of n*main»<and effertn, and lixt of the latter, and mail 
the it*nimuni(iitiiin at the t^arlifst op|H>rtunity to iti« aildn'M*. Such notitit'ation of 
ilenth in the i-aM* of an ottitvr. enliHt4*«| man. or eivilian employi*e of the Anny hIuiII 
ab«i inrludetheinfonnation that, if it U* d«f<in*<l, the n*ma inn will iK^Hhii^iN**! home at 
tioveniment exjieiiM* u|m»ii appli<*ation then'fc»r. hy the neartwt ii*lative, aiMrwM'^l to 
the i^tu^rteniiaf^er-ttenenil, Tnit^Nl Stat4*H Anny, Wai^hin^rton, D. C; Iwit if not 
appli«*d ff»r within *\x w<>ekH after arrival at ]M»rt in the TnitiHl Stattitthe nMiiainHW'ill 
lie Imrieil in a miti*»iial «vmetery and thereafter will not U' dii^intened ami nhipfietl 
liiiiiii' at puhlii- ex|MMi^-: alni ttiat in<iuiri(*H <>oni'ernin^ the |iAy and eff(*rti« f »f d<*«iiiM'd 
niliivp* and Hfildiern Hh«iulfi lie a4idn'f*M'<l t4» the Afljutant-iieneral. rnite«l Statex 
Army. Wai^hinirtitn, l>. i\ 

•#. If tlien* U* n«» linral n*preHi»ntative»» pn**«(*nt to n»«five the effivti*. a liKt «»f 
them mill U*M-nt t«i thiMieani^t relative of the d<*«t'ai«t'<l. At the eml of two monthis 
if not fall«*«l fur. thry will lie r^iM at auetion and ai*i*ounte«l for ai* in the ttwe of 
•Itii-oM^l f«ildi«'r>. exii'pt tluil hwmpIh. watrhfi*. trinkets, and nimilar artirU*>t will bi» 
lal«-le«l with till* name. rHiik. nviiix'nt. ami date of death «if the owner and "^ent 
thr*Mi);h tin- Atljntuiit-t tt-nernl tn the Auditor for the War lH*iiartment f<ir the lii*nelit 
of thf* lieir*. 

#7. On till* ih-ath »»i an oirKiT in i-hariri* of puhlir pn>|i«>rty nr fnmlt* hii* nun- 
mamlini; olfi<fr will apiHiint ii lH»anl «>f "urvf-y. which will inventory the name ami 
make tlie i-ii-ti>m;ir\ n'tuni!* thtTi'fnr. •tattnu' uecuratfly amounti* and condition. 
ThcM* til*' <-i»mmanilini; Mtlir«*r \%ill f«irManl U* the chiff^ of the l>un'au« to which the 
pn»|N-rt> i»r fiind» (M-rtain. and he uill i|f-icnat«* nn i»lti««*r t<i take t-harve «*f hicIi 
pr«i|N*rt\ **r UiuA* utitil Mrder^ in the caM* an* r^><'«*i\«il from th«* pro|ier authority. 

#ft. < 'a.*h in thi- hand" »*i u di*i-«*aMtl oiIhiT mav In* invMJii^l hy a Imant of Hirvi'V 
apiHiintitt tindtf |ur;ii!r.ipli *j7 *tf tht* iCetfulation- I** the il«-<*«*aM^I oitio*r*ii mici*e»«K ir, 
l»ut lialami*^ ti* hi- •-n*itit viith thf Tn^a^un'r. an aw^iMaiit tnnftun-r. a d«vitnial4«l 
ile|Hi^itiiry. iir ;i ti-ul av!«*iit **i the I'liitt'*! Stat4*«. n\«T and aUivc liin outMamtiiitf 
chei'k*. mill U' iii;»'r>-i| inti* th*- Tr^':iMify nf tin* rnili-*! Stati-j* hy tlie chief* **i 
iHireaUfi mhen tli«* 1««ip1 **{ ••iir\fy ha.- n-|Miricit tn tht- l>iirc.iu» the tialan«i*^ *i\«>r 
ami ali<»\t' <*ui'h «*he«'k" A dt>«*fUM-«l nflii frV »ii<-itf4*4>f \%il| nut fiiitfavnr t«> M'i'un' 
tin* fnin-fcf tn hini<<«ll of tli*- •tiii'si-4-l «i|li«fr'- Uilain i-*> unh iIm- Tn-atnirvT. iuvi-tant 
tr^'a-tir*". '(•■•i'jiiati**! d«'t"»>it*'r\. <ir ti«iat aL'*-rii. Iiiit will ni.iki* r*<*|tiiMtiMii n|ii»ii th«* 
{>n>|ier auih'intico (or pui h hmd- »/<• h** max ni-i^l. 



14 THE POST NONCOMMISSIONED STAFF. 

00. Tlie remains of officers killed in action, or who die when on duty in the field 
or at military {xists, or when traveling under orders, will be inclosed in coffins, and, 
unless clainieil by relatives or friends, will l)e transported by the Quartermaster's 
Dei^artment to the nearest military poet or national cemetery, or, if so desired by 
their relatives, to their homes for burial. The expense of transporting the remains 
is payable from the appropriation for Army transportation or from fumls Hi>e('iany 
appropriated for that purpose. Other expenses of burial are limited to $75, and will 
be restricted to the cost of the casket, hire of hearse, and the reasonable and neces- 
sary expenses of prei)aring the remains for burial. If buriecl at the place of death, 
the fact will be reported to the Adjutant-General of the Army. 

ARTICLE ZV. 

The Post Noncommissioned Staff. 

100. The post noncommissioned staff consists of onlnancc, {K>st commissary, |»oHt 
quartermaster, and electrician sergeants. They are appointed by the Secretary of War, 
after 4lue examination, from sergeants in the line of the Army; onlnani^f sergi^antH 
from those who have ser\*e<l at least eight years in the Anny, including four years as 
noncommissioned officers, and who are less than 45 years of age; commissary mt- 
geants from those who have served five years in the Anny, including three years as 
nonconmiissioncHl officers; post quartermaster sergeants inm\ those who have ser\'e<l 
four years in the Army; ele<'trician sergeants, as a rule, fmm those who have ser>HMl 
three years in the Anny and al)out one-third of that time as noncommissiom>d oth- 
ci'rs, exi*eptions being made only in cases of ]>articularly well-iHiuip))e<l applimnts 
from civil life. 

101. An application for appointment must be in the handwriting of the appHirant, 
and will briefly state the length and nature of his military' s(^r\'ice, and for what time 
ami in what organizati<»ns he lias serve<l as a noncommissione<l officer. The com- 
pany commander will indorse then^cm the character of the applicant and his opinion 
as to his intelligeiuv and fitness for the ]>ositi(m. The application so indorsiHl will 
lx» submitte<l to the regimental or artillery corps commander, who will forwanl the 
same, with his remarks as to the merits of the applicant, to the Adjutant-General 
of the Army. 

lOli. While the law (^mtemplates in these ap|M»intments the >>etter pit*M*rvation 
of public propt»rty at the st»veral |H>sts, there is als(» a further consideration — that of 
offering a n»wanl Ut faithful and well-trie*! sergi^nt^', thus giving enrouragemont to 
desi*rving soldiers t4) hoin^ for sulwtantial pnmiotion. Colonels and captains can not 
lie tcM) jiarticular in investigating and n^i>orting u|)on the chanurter and quali filiations 
of appliftints. 

103. Ik*fon* the appli<unt is apiM»inte<l he will Ik* examin(><l by a Nianl of otiii*crs 
convene<l for the purjxw*** by the <lepartment. it>mmand<>r nndrr onlers frt)m the Si**'- 
rt»tar>- of War. Tlie s<'o|h» of the examination is set fortli in imragraph KW), ni«Mlifi- 
<*ati(»ns tbenMn will Ih' announiH*d in onlers, from time to time, by the .Vdjutant- 
(teneral of the Anny. 

104. Pn'liminary to the examinati(m by the iNiunl, tlie applit-ant will 1h* exam- 
imnl by a miMlical otrict»r, to detennine whether lie is j>hysiailly fitt^^l t** iH'rfijrni all 
duties incident to the jxtsition sought. 

105. The examining lioanl will in<)uire int4>, and n^fMirt UfMrn, the age, rhanu-ter, 
Si*rvicts and physical condition of the applicant; U|M>n his eiluitation, clerittal pn>- 
ficien<*y, and gi»neral fit new* to ]K'rform the iluti«»s *>f the |Mtsition sought: uj^on his 
knowl(*<lge nf .\rniy Kegulatious and the regulations of the ile|>artment which ho 
sei'ks t«» enter. 



THE FUST NONOOMMI8SIONKD 8TAKK. 15 

|06. IMon* aHmffnmcnt Ui pciHt^, onlnancv M*rK«uiU< will Ije Hunt U* anntiuilf*, wlifn 
pnu'ttmbh*, fur tem|Mirar\' fluty and inHtniHion. 

lOY. Thv Htationn of iMH<t nonitmimiiwioned ntaff ottitvnt will \n* tUviinuitt*!! by 
tho S<«<Tvtjir\' «f War. 

lOM, A Hc*nri'9Uit nf the ixiKt nonctminiiMHioniMl gtalf will awiKt tin* citliivr of hin 
(lc|kiirliii(Mit. ami will ni»t Ik* detailed ii|Min any wrvifv that will int«*rf<*n* thcn*witti. 
If the ntNi'witiii* of tlu* f4i*r\'i(v rvi|uin* Huch detail, tht' jxiHt coinniandor will not^* thu 
fact, with n*ai4i»nH tht*r%*for, on the tiergi«nt*tf monthly iK*rHi»nal n*|M>rt. 

IIHI. A m*ivi«nt i»f tlu* fiuMt noni*uniniii««ione<I ntaff at an ungarriHont'^l |MN«t or 
fttutitin will U* nt«|M)n}<ihl(» for the proiierty c»f hin (»wn de|«irtnient, ami for mirh other 
|»ro|tt*rty a^ may lie intniMt^^l Xn him for Hafe-keepinic. Fi»r all imblie pn>|»cny com- 
niitti-vl to hiH('harK«* he will a<<eount to the hc^flnof the Htaff de|iartnienti« eonoemed, 
ami if thr infant at bin iliit|Mjiial an* inmiltteient for iti* preM*rN'ation, he will n*|Mirt 
tlu* fui'tr*. 

I lO. TIk* iitrti Hel<*<>t4*il for appctintnient uli* <*ltH*tri(*iaii iverfreantH nitiKt not only 
havf till* nH|iiir4iti* tit'hnical ability, bnt nhouKl, an a ntle, In* trainee! Holdit>rH of muni 
luibiti< ami have N»in«'knowU>dtf«* (»f pn>|N*rty ni<iMini«ibility. Applit'ationH i»f enliHti**] 
ni«*n will Ik* for\i-ard(*il thnmich military elianneL*, and, ar< far an pnu*ti(«ble, after 
ap|H»intment th«-y will In* awifciH**! Xn |MiHti4 whi*re Hi*rvin}r. They will In.* <*xainin<*«l, 
in 2Mt*onlanf*«' with |Nira«niiplMt l^i. KH, and 105 of tli<tii* Ki*giilatioiui, at one of tlu) 
prim'i|Ml M-at^Oft artillery Htaticmn wlien* eU*etrical and |M)wer plantu ami apfiaratiM 
an- :i\uilabU*. by a Iwianl of artillery i»tH(x*n«, one tnendN*r, at Icaitt, of which hIiouIiI 
lia\i' pni4*ti<ral km»wlnl^*<if chvtrieity. eWtritral inftnmientH, mai'liinery, and |iowfr 
plantf. The rxaiiiinati«in will U* practical in rhanu*ter, and will inehidt* in itf<Hco|M* 
the o|N'nition of oil and f<tf«iii enirin«4«,dynaimiH. and nioton*. tlit* ireneral ftnbj«*ct «if 
«*lf«-triiiil wiring, the iim* nf (de«*trieal inntnunenti* ami ap|iaratib(, ami »<u«'h «ither 
iii-tntnienti* anil appliancea* an an* onlinarily found at an artillery {mmX when pni|H 
eriy «i|iiip|«il fur tin* it mt ml. The exaniiiiatit»n may U* either oral or written, but 
mill U' Hutiiciently thoniu^h toileteniiine thepni«'ti<'ali|iialifii'alionf*of the applimnt 
for tin* •liiti«f« of the |MiHt. The pn^^i^iilinipt will In* Hi*nt thnniirh military channeln 
ti» the Atljutant-<fem*nil of tli«* Anny for theaiiioiiof theS(*«*n*tary of War, by mlunn 
the up|iiiintnientH MilIU* ma«le. Ih*fon* ai«<i)mnientii to iNintj*, ele<*trician t«i*iveanta 
mill, mlifu pnu*ti«iiblf. In* i^^nt t<i F«»rt MonnM*. Va., i»r H«ime i>ther mell-^ijuipiN^i 
artilltTv |Mifit. fur tcm|ii>ntry duty and inr*tru<iion. (*han^i* in Htation nf el4*<irician 
nTk'«iintJ« mill In- tiiaib*. U|win n*c« >mniiMidatii»n i»i tin* chief nf artillery by the 
A«ljutjiti(-< M'herul 

III. Till* military ctmtnil nf nnncniiimii«tit»n4il nlliivntnf tlu* |{t*neral f«taff "er^inic 
At |MMifi iim! iN*i-iipi«<it by tnMi|i« i^ vf*it«<<l in th«* <*iimmander of lh«* territorial tb'iMirt- 
mciit ill mhich tli«*y an- <M'r\intf. .\ll matter- ndatin^ tn them ai* t^ildien* Mibj<*i-t to 
militiir\ oimiuand. om •ti<*tin)ruii*h«'*l fn»m the a<lminif*trativ«* ibiticv imimM**! u|hiii 
tlii'iii by nvulutinii> and iirden*. m'ill. <>xtvpt in iiu*** nf n*^*idii«tment. U* det«*rmin«*i| 
at d«*|iHnmfiit le*:Kl<|iuirtfn*. mhcn* their tb-wriptivi* lip*tii and ai^eounti* nf |iii\ and 
cli>tliitiir mill U' ki'pt Whfn thi*\ an* •li««'harir«<<l a cnpy nf tin* d«*«i'ripti\i* lixt, ti|Miii 
mlii*li mill U* lint***! tilt* fn«-t *»i •Itrtchariri*. mith tli«*ilat«*. pla«-«*. and intii^*, and the 
1 iMtnt tiT i;i\fti ••ti tlir •hwharvi' ci*rtiticHte. mill In* fnrmanleol t«» tli«* .\iljtitaiit- 
(•i*tM*ml iif the \nit_\ 

I in. Fall li •N*rK«*ant nf thi* |iiMt tmncommi-viinnt^l Maff mill nuikf f«uc|i i^TMinal 
n*|M»rt^ iv iiia> U* nipiin^l by the li«-ai| nf tin* "ttaff df|inrtmi*nt tn mhich b*- U-lnnir*- 
The •»(lii-t-r un<lcr mlm^* nnlfn* Im' if* M*r\ini; mill indnn«* nn tiU'U n'|»»rt lii« ••pininn 
4>f tb«* iii4tin«T in mhich th<* M'rueant hai* |M*rfnritH*d hiw diitit^. ami the |ii*-t oitii- 
itiaiid«-r mill fi>rmant tin* n*|inrt ilini't tn the chief nf bun*;*!! ^^r. in tin* can* nf ('Icc- 
tri« mn «i'rir«*atiti*, tn the chief nf artillery. If then* Im- ii>i cr«-»|i» at the im^t.tbe 
^r|fi:ani mill fi»rmanl the n'|»trt dinvt ti* the .\djutaiit-4 ienenAl ••! the \rni\. 



16 DETACHED SOLDIERS FURLOUGHS. 

113. A seiigeant of the poet noncomniismoned staff uiay ))e re-enlisted, provi<led 
he shall have (conducted himself properly and performed his duties in a satisfactory 
manner. If, however, his commanding officer shall not think it pn>]ier to make the 
re-enlistment, he will commmiicate his reasons to the Adjutant-General of the Army 
in time to receive the decision of the War Department before the sei^geant's dischaiige. 
If 8er\4ng at an ungarrisone<l post, application for re-enlistment will be made by the 
sergeant to the Adjutant-Cieneral of the Army, through department headquarters. 
One of the duplicate re-enlistment papers will be forwarded to the Adjutant-Cieneral 
of the Army immediately upon the re-enlistment of the soldier; the other will )ye 
filed at the sergeant's station, if a garrisoned post, or if not, at the headquarters of 
the department in which he is serving. 

114. Sei>^eants of the ]M)st noncommissioned staff, though liable to dischaiige for 
inefficiency or misconduct, will not be reduced. 

ABTIOIiE ZVI. 

DETAniRD Soldiers: Drscriptivr LimK 

lift. Enlisted men <leta4*he<l from their companies will U; provided with descrip- 
tive lists showing the pay due them, the condition of their clothing allowances, and 
all information necessary t4) the settlement of their accounts with the (Tovemment 
should they be discharged. When it can be avoided, the descriptive list will not 
be intrusted to the soldier, >»ut to an officer or noncommissioned officer, under whose 
charge he may l)e serving, or it may >>e forwardwl by mail. The immediate com- 
manding officer will note upon the descriptive lists the date and result of the last 
vaccination of each soldier. 

ABTIOIiE XVU. 

FlTRLOlTGHS TO SOLDIRRS. 

116. Furloughs in the prescribed form for periods of twenty days may be granted 
to enlisted men by commanding officers of posts, or by regimental commanders, if 
the <*ompanies to which they belong are under their control. A furlough will not l)e 
grante<l to a soldier about to be dischai^ged; nor shall the numl)er of enlisted men 
furloughed from any command exceed, at any time, five i^er centum of the enlisted 
strength present therewith. 

IIY. C^>r|)s or department commanders may grant furloughs to enliste<l men, 
sei^geants of the jMist non(*omniissioned staff excepte<l, for two months, and the 
Commaniling General <»f the Army for four months, or they may extend to such 
peri<HlH furloughs already granted. For a longer pericnl than four months the author- 
ity of the Secn»tary of War is necessary. Penuission to delay may 1h» grantcHl to 
enliste<l men traveling under orders as authorize<l for furloughs. The (conditions 
under which furloughs to soldiers (»n reenlistment ant authorizetl will \w announced 
from time t4» time in orders. 

IIM. The commanding offiivr of a cor]N4, or of a m*i>anite coinman<l in the field, 
may sus|)end the granting of furloughs in any or all organizations within his com> 
mand whenever, in his opinion, cin*umstan<'es may n»n<ler it necessary, or a<lviHable, 
or for the l)est interests of the serviit*. 

110. Furloughs to sergi*ants of the i>ost noncommiHHioniMl staff, or t4>enlist4Hl men 
acting as such, may Ix? grante<l as follows: By a ixist commander for seven days in 
cast* of eniergt.»ncy only; by a department <*onmiander for one month. Application 
for furlough for a longer |K*ri<Mi will lx» forwar<le<i t<.» the Adjutant-General of the 
Aniiv for tin* d(*iMHion of the S^NTctarv of War. 

• * 

I^IO. Furloii.rlis will not U* grantiMl by commanding otficvn* |M*nnitting Holdion* to 
go lM>ynMd the limits of the next higher itiuimand. To enable them t4> |iass such 



KURLOUGHft. 17 

liniitu tW NUiction of hiirhor authority iiiiiHt U* f»)>t«inf«l and indonw**! mi tht* fur- 
ImiirliH. The apiintval of tho S4HTt*tar\* «»f War tiitiHt 1h* obtained to allow an enlii«t4'il 
nian on furhnigh U^ leave the Tniteti Statei*. The liniiti* pni^'riliufl will In* statexl in 
tlie furloiiich, an<I if exetHNUnl, it may Im^ Revoked and the («>l<lier arreKte«l. A e«>ni- 
IMUiy i'oniniander in forwantini; an ai>|»li<«tion for furlough will Htat4» |»ii*vinua 
alM'ncH'H on furliHiich, and the authority therefor. The authority under whirh a 
fur]f»uirh in irranltNl (whether umler Anny K4*inilationi« or in |Hin(iian(*e fif the orders 
<if a im|M*rior^ ><houI«I U* ritevl on the faiv of the furli>U)rh by the ofHtvr gnuitinf; it 

mi. On the a|»plic*ation of a MtMier on furlough, made at the nt^rent military 
i4«tion aii<l i«h(»Hin); ehiarly the uiyeney of hii* («m% a de|)artnient fonuiuinder nuiy 
order tranH|Hirtati(»n ami HuliniKtemx.* t4> lie fuminhe^i to enable him t<» r%*joiii hitt 
pr<»|N'r Htatioh. and the n»ni|ittny mmnuuider will rlu&n{t* the eont thenN>f airaiuHt the 
mildierV imy nii the next nuii«t4*r and jiay mllK, in aii*onianet* with iiarainaphs 121)3 
anil 141*2. The ilate of the applitntion will Im* enterfil on the furl<Hi|rh. 

ISM. Furlou^liH gnuit«'«l to enlintcMl men m*rvinK in Culia, Porto Kicvi, Hawaii, 
Iffuani, the Philippine li<landH, the I)i*|iartment of Alanka, or at any Htation ti(*yond the 
liniitK fif the I'niti^l Stat«t*, for the purixineof n^tuminic to thij* (*imntry, will take effect 
on the «lat«'H they ntu'h the I'nittNl Stat4*H, which will U» in<lon4*«i on the furlouichs 
liy the tniiij<|Mirt «'oniniii«<ariei«. The furlou|rliH will dire«*t the i«»ldier U^ n*iMirt for 
duty at the i-Iom' <»f the laiit day then*of at the military iMint neani«t the ittrtietilar 
honi«' (Hirt fnmi whii-h traiu<|M»rti« lu^ually nail for the if«landH or ntatiouH aUive n^femnl 
t«», and the !*« nun landing oftitvn* of tlu««e jMnitii will amiKn mieh enlinti**! men to 
onnuiiuitiomi under their «'<ommand for the pur]MiHe of milMMtemi* ilurinfr the time 
they an* detainol at th«*ir |Mff*tii, and th<*y will Ik* ii*tumMl to their pni|«*r Htationii 
l»y tht' tli>t available tran)*|M»rt. (*omniandiuic i»ffUx*n< will t«um* mrtation to lie 
uia<le iiu the furliiuKliH HhnHini; the dat4*H when the men n*|M)rt at their |Mii«ti«, ami at 
the pr«i|ier time uill iM*ue the ne«^f«<ary onlen* din*«*tinic them t<» reJ4»in tlH'ir i«ta- 
tiim^ n-cttintf thenMu tli«*dateiif their arrival in the Tnitt'tl Stativ, ilate of n*|Mirtinf( 
at |*oHt, and whether or mit omimutation of ratiotu* han Uvn |iai«l. A (i»py of the 
onlt-r will W funii>be<l tn the Mildier and to themmmamlinK otfitvn* (i»ncvnit*il. 

Till* iiininii]««r>' **( the traiu«|iort on which tlu'vte enliHtt**! men return will indon*e 
(Ml Hiirli iinl«*n« the ilat«'»i iluriuK which they were f<ulii«ifit«*<l aUianl the tranH|H»rt, 
Tlie onler will U* n'taint^i by the enlisted man. whf» will fleliver it to hif* mmmaml- 
ing iitfioT Of* ••\iilwH-t* iif hir* authority to U- alw*nt fn»m hit* ]nvfl durintr the time 
rv'iiuin'd f>>r tniv«*l in njoinin^ the Kame. 

ins. Wbt'h till* -tation nf an «*nlii«t«'«l man i** i'hantre«l mhile he i** im furliMifrh, he 
will. Mil jiiiiiitii* hi- h«*w Mation, In* cntitliMl tn travel allowam^i* ff>r the fxivw of 
diMaui^' (r**tu tin* plaiv *»( re^i'ipt nf the hpUt tii tht* new Htation. pnividtNl the 
«lii*tami* io i;r*-al«T than that from the oM It* the new Ktati(»n. A fnildier who luw 
retunif'd U» tin* i^tatinu fn»m mhich furl<iui;h«*ii. hi?* n»m|iany liavinic chatiin<il fitation 
duriiitr hi" alM'mv. \r* entitUnl t<i tran»*|ii»rtation at the ex|N*nM* of the ^lovenmient 
frtitii till' <'1«1 tM the Ufw fttation nf htf««*«»m|«iny. (*haiv<v for trani*|ii»rtation fumti^ie«l 
t4i fnlt*tf«l nit-n nn furlMiin^h. in purmuuitv of |iarairniph 110, nil! U* ailjuf«te«l in 
acittnlancv with thi' nNiuin'mfUtH i»f ihii* nvulation. 

ISM. Si)t|i«*rw ifu ftirlouirli will not taki* viith thfiii their ami* or M'^^Mitennentii, 
aiifl u*t |<i\m«*iitf* will U* maile to them without authonty fnun the s^'n^tmry 
of Wmr. 

2616— i;2 2 



18 TRANSFERS OF ENLISTED MEN DESERTERS. 

ABTIOIiE XVm. 

Transfer of ENLierrED Men. 

13ft. TranHfere of enlisted men will Ik^ made for cogent reaHomi only. They will 
be effected a^ follows: 

1. From one company to another of the same regiment, not involving change of 
station, by the cohmei. In cases involving change, then by the colonel with the 
consent of the department commander, if change of station is within department 
limits. 

2. From one regiment to another, and between companies of the same regiment 
serving in different military departments, by the Commanding General of the Army. 

3. In all other cases, by the Secretary of War. 

136. A transfer will take effect on the date of the receipt of the onler at the post 
where the soldier is serving and a descriptive list and account of i>ay aiul clothing 
showing that date will be forwarded to the commanding officer of the c<»mi>any or 
detachment to which the soldier is transferred. The actual date of transfer will be 
stated on the roll upon which the soldier is first paid after transfer. 

ABTICIiE 7CTX. 

Deserters. 

13T. When a soldier deserts, a l)oard of survey will Ihj (tailed by the ynmi or regi- 
mental (commander to ascertain whether he has Ujst or al)stracte<l auv articles of 
(iovernment pn>|)erty; and if so, to determine the money value of the same. The 
value of the articles thus found to be missing will be chai^ge<l against the <lem*rter on 
the next nmster rolls of his company, which will Ik^ accompanied by a (*opy of the 
board's report. A copy of so much of the proceedings as relate to the profierty 
charged on any roll will accompany the return to which the property pertains. 

13M. Deserters received at recruiting stations, if physically fit for Her\'ii*e, will l)e 
si*nt at om*e to such military |>ost as the commander of the department in which the 
arrest or tielivery is made may designate; provided, however, that recruit deserters 
ami deserters physically disqualified forservii^e wilUieheld at the recruiting stations, 
and direct telegraphic report made to the Adjutant-Cieneral of the Army with rtNjuest 
for instructions. The necessar}' trans])ortation will Ix; furnished by the Quarter- 
master's Dei>artment. 

139. Soldiers dest^rting from, and d(*s(»,rters n^ceivinl at a \xwt other than the station 
of the (^omjianies or detai^hments to which they l)eh)ng will l>e reporte<l by thtM-om- 
manding officer of such post to the commanding otticers of their com}»ani4*s or 
detachments. 

130. When a report is rtn-eiveii of the apprehension or sum»nder of a cU»serter at 
a |X)st other than the station of his cH>mi>any, his comftany nmimander will imme<ii- 
ately forwani his descriptive list and account of pay and clothing to the officer mak- 
ing the n»|>ort. 

131. When a deserU-r surrenders or is delivere<l at a military |M>st the jxjst com- 
mander will lausi' imnuHliate inquir>' to l>e made in reganl to dates of enlistment 
and desi>rtion, and if these indicate that trial is IwmNl by law, and the deserter 
claims to have lieen within the limits of the United Static iluring two years of his 
absence in desertion and there is no attainable evi<lence in 4lispr<M)f thereof, will 
re<iuire him to tile an affKlavit aift^erting his claim, will immcMliately set him at lilv 
erty with iiistnictions to apply by letter to the Adjutant-General of the Army for a 
*'dt^'rter'H n*U»asi\" and will then report his acrtion to the Adjutant-<.»eneral of the 
Army, transmitting with the report the affidavit above mentioned. 



DK8ERTER8 — HKWARD8. 19 

191^ All <*nlii(t4Ml tiittii apprvticiKit'd nr muTpiideriiif; in* a clfM*rt4*r, aii<l wIkmh* trial 
for (lc9i*rtii>n in nut !iam'<l bv th«* Htatuto (»f liinitatioiu*, will lie exaniint^l hv a inetl- 
ical ofll<vr at the |»oHt when* he ii« nivived, and a report of thii* examination will be 
ft>rwarde(i t4) ilejiartnient tiea(l(|iiarteni. If, nn aiximnt of fliwane, agi% or other per- 
nianent iliMahility, the man in found unfit ft»r Her\'iiv, the n.*|M»rt, with the depart- 
ment cN»mman4ler*ii n*<*i>iiiiiien4lation then»«»n, will lie forwardi^d to the A<ljutantr 
Ueneral of the A mi v. If the examination hIiowh that the man ii* fit for Mer\'i(*e, the 
«lepartment (*omman«Ier will brin^c him to trial, f»r rentore him to duty without trial, 
an the inteniftH «if the 4roveniment mav clictate. 

139. Wh«*never a dt*M'rtic»ti imvufh at a |MN<t, the o«»mnuu)dinfr officer will cauw a 
numlier c»f det<fri|>tive linti* of the dcM^rter t4i U* pn^iiannl on the H|HM*ial form pre- 
M'riUHl. C^>pi<*N of thiit Vvi will lie mmiI at onn* ti> mirh mamlialH. tiheriffi*, and iMiliee 
ofntvm mtt the mmmandinK ot!i<'er may de«*m pn»|N*r; altv* to the oflhvr in rlianceof 
any n*enutinfr Htation at or near the ihvH^rterV phuv of enlixtment, «'ho will ilii«- 
trilMite th«*m ti» the I N*t«t advantage anion)? eivil oinc-erx in that vicinity authorixeil 
by exiiitinK law t4» Hummarily arn*t«t dei^erten* from the Anny. 

IS4. A |MN<t (*ommander will pmmptly notify the HurKt*«mof every d(*ivrtion from 
hiK ntmmaiid, tnvin); the full name, <*om|iany, ami nviment of the deM*rt4*r, with 
iUkUt» of enlif«tmenl and dt*i«i*rtion, and the min^*<in will atomt* n*|M>rt the c^aM* t4> tlw 
Siiive«iii-4fiMH>ral din-et. When then* ii« no r<uivi*on on duty at the iMiHt, the |Mi«t 
c*«inimander will make the n*|M»rt to the SuiV(*on-(tenc*ral. lUaiiki* for thin imr]io«e 
will In* fumiHiuNi by the MiNlicral lH*|iartment. 

ISA. A n*wanl of $.'ft> will U* |iaid %*» any eivil ottbvr havint; auth«»rity for the 
appn*heni«ion anil delivery to the pni|ier military authoritien at a niilitar>' Htati<iii 
(or at i«ime mnvenient |ioint an near then*to an may In* a|fn*«'«l u|ion) of any doM*rter 
fn»m the military Her\'i<v, exei*pt nurh an <iin rlaim exemption fnmi trial und«*r the 
ntatute of limitatioUM. and hucIi otiitvr will alno lie n*imburHed for aetiial nint of tirketft 
over the nhoriept UHUully tniveU*d mute for himKi*lf t4» and fmm itieh station «ir {loint 
and fnr the dtvN>rt«*r to hucIi Htatif»n or |Miint not to exi-^^^d f'A). The n*wanl aiMl 
ai'tiial eiH-t iif tirketi* will U* |iaifl by the Quarts* niianterV I)i*|iartment, ami will In^in 
full f«l iff act ion of all ex|ieiM*H for ami*tinK. kivpin^, and deliverinK the d«M*rter. 
The |iayment will lie n*|Mirt«*«I t^i the i*ommaiider of a (xmiiiany or detachment to 
mhich the ilenerter U'lontp*. 

I9#. When eidi»«tei| tiii*ri an*Hent in ]»urmiit *>f a d<fii*rter, theex|ii*nMfi mHTiwarily 
im-iirnNl will U* |ittid iihether he U* nppn*liend<*il <tr not, ami will Im* n*iKirt4*tl aHin 
|Hi>nH*nt of n*wanlH. Should a written onler lie ii«<nt*d for thin duty ami a traiiniMir- 
tatiiin n*i|uef*t U> funiinlie^l the |iarty in pun<uit, the name. rank. «*om|NUiy, and 
r«vttn**nt of tin* il«*nerter m-ill lie f«tat«*il in tht* onler and aim* not4Ml itn the n*<|tiei«t. 

Itiy. k4*manlr( iirex|N*nMi* |iaid for «ppn*henilinir a d«wrter, an«l the exfu^nnefi 
iimirretl in tmnnimrttnic him fnmi fioint of appn*henni>»n, ilelivery, or num*nder to 
th«* ntation of bin 4-nm|4iny or detai-bmeiit. or t<i the plaiv of bin trial, including the 
ci«it of trann|M»rtatiiin of the inuint, will U* ni*t atfainnt bin |iay u|M>n mnviiiion of 
«lf^^iiin by a 41 HI rt- martial, or ii|Min bin nftoration tiidiity without trial. A wiblier 
ronvi«-t«'«t by a 41 >urt- martial of almemv iiithout b-ave will In* charvi*il with the 
ex|«*nn* inciimil in trann|Hirtinir him t4i bin pni|M'r ntation. The trann|Hirtation and 
palaanCetMii* of witneiww will mit In* charve<l airainnt a tbf«*rter. 

iSlfl. If a nol«lier In* bnNiirht t4> trial uiidc*r a 4'liar|p* i»f «b*nerti4in ami ar<(|uitt4'<l, or 
cviiivirtnl t>f almemv millnait b'ave only, or if the M*nteti4vlN*«lii«ppniV4^l by pni|N*r 
authority, any am«Hint |iaid an a n-want for hin am^ will mit In* nt4ip|N*ft airainnt 
bin |«y nnb^v, in 4'aM* of ci*nvi4ii*»ii of al*N*ntv «itli4iut k«ve, tlie ni*nten4v of the 
court nhall no <lin*rt. 

I99« A n*wanl of |10 «-ill U* |iaif| by the (jtiart«>niiant**r'n Ili*|Mirtment for the 
raptaiv aii«l 4lelivery at any militar\ |M«*t •»( an i-^iiim^I ireiieral priMHier. ThU 
amoont will be in full fur all ex|N*nf^w iin-urn*!! in im|»turv and delivery. The laiy- 



20 DESEBTEBS. 

ment will be reported to the commanding officer of the poflt trom which the prieoner 
escaped, and this officer will inform the Adjutant-General of the Army of the date of 
escape and the date and place of capture. 

140. Deserters will be brought to trial with the least practicable delay. While 
awaiting trial they will receive no pay, nor will they \ye iiermitted to sign pay rolls, 
and will be required to wear the clothes worn at the time of arrest, unless it should l>e 
imperative t4) issue other clothing, when, as far as practicable, only deserters' or 
other unserviceable clothing will be issued. 

141. The clothing abandoned by a deserter will l)e turned over to the quarter- 
master, with a (certificate from the company or detachment commander showing its 
condition and the name of the deserter to whom it belonged. In no case should the 
money or proceeds of the sale of effects of a deserter l)e turned over to his relatives, 
nor any payment made therefrom by an officer on any account whatsoever. All other 
personal effects of a deserter will be dis|)osed of as in the case of unclaimed effeirts of 
deceased soldiers; i. e., they are to be sold by a council of administration and the 
proceeds of the sale deposited with a paymaster. Money received from a paymaster 
for a soldier who deserts after signing the pay rolls, will be turned over at om^e to a 
paymaster as undrawn forfeited pay. 

The paymaster's receipt for the money deposited as above should clearly siiei'ify 
the nature of the deposit — i. e., whether for the proceeds of sale of effects, or whether 
for the undrawn pay of a soldier who has deserted — and the officer responsible should 
furnish the |)aymaster with the necessary information. There is no authority for 
officers to pay the debts of deserters. Money or other valuables found upon an appre- 
hended deserter are his personal property and will not lie turned over t4) a {»aymaHter. 

149. A deserter will make good the time lost by desertion, unless dim;harge<l by 
com|)etent authority. He will l)e considereii again in service upon his return t4) 
military control; but if a deserter enlists while in desertion, his services under such 
unlawful enlistment will not be counted as making good any of the time lost by 
desertion. 

143. A deserter will not ))g restored to duty without trial except by authority 
competent to order his trial; such restoration being oniered only in cast^ the di>ser- 
tion is admittcil does not remove the chai^^e of desertion or relieve the soldier fn>m 
any of the forfeitures attached to that offense; he must make g(MMi the time lont by 
desertion, refund the reward and ex])enses pai<l for apprehension anil delivery, aiul 
forfeit pay while alisent. The same authority is coriipetent to set aside a chargi» of 
desertion as having l)een erroneously ma<ie, and his onler to this effect oiH'ratt's to 
remove the charge of ilesertion and all stoppages and forfeiturt^n arising then^fnun. 

144. An enliste^l man who al)Hents himself fnmi his {Hist (»r <'onii>any without 
authority will forfeit all {>ay and allowances air ruing during such alisence, and uiwin 
conviction by irourt-martial make gixnl the time l<>st. No man will lie n'|M)rtt><l a 
dt^si'rter until after the expiration of ten ilays (shouM he remain away that length 
of time), unU^MH the comi>any iHimniander has conclusive evidence of the alist^nti'e's 
intention not to n*tum; but (!ominan<ling offi(x*rs will take Hte|is to apprehend sol- 
<liers alKH^nt without leave as s<Km as that fact is reiM)rted. Should the soldier not 
return, or not be apprehende<l, within the time name<l, his desi*rtion will date from 
the commencement of the unauthorized abtuMuv. An absentee without leave of less 
than one day will not l)e not^^d upon the muster rolls. 

145. Soldiers not charge<l with crime, discovennl to l>e <lesi»rters fn»m the Navy 
or Marine (\>riis, will bt» dn)p|>ed froni the rolls of the Army. In such ^-ases, n»iHirts 
with desi'riptive lists will l)e forwanieil to the Adjutant-< teneral of the Aniiy by the 
proi>er commanding officer, who will hold the men in (xintinement without ]»ay, 
awaiting instnurtions reganiing their disposition. Deserters from the Navy will not 
l>e received at military pusta. 



RRTIRKMKNT OK ENLlSTKI) MKN. 21 



ABTICLE 

14#* When an enlwU'vI man sliall liavo iien'i*<l an narh for thirty yeara, either in 
thf Anny (»r the Marine IVirpH and the Anny, he niay apply to the Adjutaiit-< ieneral 
of thf Anny for retin*iiient. l'|M>n the appn>va] of the application an onler will lie 
iMnml fn>in th«* Adjutant -< ienerarn ()fH<'e traiuiferrinK him to the ret i mm] lif«t and 
diniiinic that tranH|M»rtation in kind t4» hiit lutme and i^immutation (»f Hiilvniitencv 
during; ntHremary travel lie iriven him. I>i*n^h of war f*er\'ic(* with the Anny in the 
firld. or with the Navy or Marine ('or|iH in active Her\'i«v (either af volunt«M;r or 
reimlar) ilurin)? the war of tin* n^U'llion, and ai'tnal Ki*r\'i(*e in Culia, Porto Ri(t>, 
and tli<* Philippine iHlandn, will In* douhU«<l in (*oniputin|r the thirty yc«rH neotwary 
to I'ntitlf him to U* rt*tin'il. In the f*<mi|>iitatiim of war Hi*r\'ief and Her\'i(T* in (^ilia, 
I'orto Kim, and the Philip]iine Inlamln wrx'icv an a eonimiM4i<»ne«l iitficer an«I enliKteil 
man will U* c«»unt«^l. 

1-17. r|M»n n^vipt i»f the onler for n*tin»m<*nt, the wildierV immfvliate (^»mniaml- 
inir titHivr will fuminh him with final Ktatem(*nt<<, rlonin); liin a<*eounti« of |Niy, de|Mii»- 
iti«, and all allowance** f»lher than tlioM* of travel, ai« of the date of the nnvipt of the 
onler; he will fonnanl to the Adjutant-^ieneral «»f the Anny a tIeM*riptivc lift (in 
dnpli«Tate), noting thentm the fa4*t that tinal ntatementj' have l>e«*n friven, the reen- 
lirtmcnt or the f*t»ntinui»iitMii*r\'i<v fiay |>er "month for which the Holdii*r wan la!«t 
miif<t«'r%««l, ami hii* |M»itH»tli«va«Idn*MH for the next thirty dayit. Tlie deitcriptive lii*t 
will U-ar the HoldicrV Hi^mttuns or, if he mn not write, u Htatement to that effeci. 
Th«* llnal Mtatemcnti* and dt«t(cri|»tivf lii<ti« nnixt Htate the ilate to which Huliinirten4*e 
hai* iNt-n furniHlu**!, aUi h hcther HiiliniHtence while traveling home lian l«H*n fumialKMi, 
ami, if wi, for wliat ilat4i«. A dincliaive certificate will not lie iriven. Init the i«»ldier 
will lii*dnip|N««1 fnmi the n»lli*i»f hii«conmuuid with appn>priateexplanat4ir\' nMnarka. 
Tlie l*ay IV|jartment will In* notifie«l and fumii*he«i with theHi»ldier*H niirnatun*, aa 
in caw* of «liM'harKi*. 

I4M. <hi the lai<t day of every rmlemlar month vtU'U n*tin*d enltrtetl man will 
re|H»rt to the Adjutant-^ieneral of the Anny hin |MiHt-otli«v a«ldr«wi. Blank fonm* for 
perwiiial r%*|Hirti« ami |iay ai'countj', with official |N*iuilty envelM|Kw, mill U' fiiruiitheil 
rptin**! enlii't«'<l men U|Mm applicatitm t4i the Adjutant-^iem'nil of the Anny. 

I4#. Theanthorii«*«l |iay and allowance*< of r%'tir%*it enliMti**! men will In* fauil them 
monthly hy the Pay IVfiartment. Their |iay will In* thr%'«-fourtliH of the monthly 
|iay all<iH«^l them hy law in the imule held when n'tin**!, includiiiir n^nliKti^l ami 
nintinu«Mii^M*r\-ice |iay then r%*c«*ive<i. No ileihicliiin will In* nuule except the nKKithly 
tax of 1:!} ivnti* for finp|M»rt of the S»ldien*' Home. They an* m*! entitl»l to «imi- 
mutatioffi for fm*l or «|iiarten*, hut will n^vive mmmutation for Hiilwiifitemv aiul 
riothiiiir ai* folli»WN: 

yiff miimMrtu-r. • Xl the rate «if Tl\ «vnti» jN*r day. 

AW rlrilAifiy. --Thn*«*-f«iunhf* of the a vcraire annual allowamv pn-M^rilNtl in onlera 
for an entire enlif(tment in the irraile fnun w hirh n-tin<<l, oiie-twelfih t»f Mich ninount 
t<i In* |iaHi monthly. The all«»vian«v i»f cl«*thintr ti* chief miii«icianf> i« the Name tu* tliat 
t<» ijiiarteniiaf*ter-«eiv«tintii. 

IA#. Tlie Af|jutaJit-4fem*ral of the Anny mill fumifth a divN*riplive liiit to ««<*h 
enliM4'<il man on the n'tircil lifit, who wilt forwani the rtame at the end «»f e«ih c^len- 
ilar month, with |iay a«iiMint«i niirnol in duplicAte. t<i hucIi |Niymai*ter m* iherhief 
|aiymai<t«*r of the tle|iartiiieiit in whi«'li the i«ililit-r n-pidtv may dciiiiniat«*. The |Niy- 
niaifter will n«ite the fju-t nf |«iynient «m tli«- tltwripti\e IJMt. If the Ni»ldi«*r tmn mil 
write, hiN mark !>hiiuM U* witrnw***! hy :i ci>iiitiii*«*iiin«'«t iitn«-iT. if pRu-ticmhle; i*thero 
wiM* hy Noiw* welhknowii |N*n«>n, pn*fenilil\ the |«ifi|iiui(*t4*r nf Um pljuv nf nvidemv. 



22 1>I8GHA^£8 CERTIFICATES OF DISABILITY. 

ABTICIiE XXI. 

• _ 

DiHCHARGBt. OkRTIFICATBB OP DISABILITY. 
DIBCHAROR8 AND FINAL KTATBMENTR. 

Iftl. An enlisted man will not \ye dischariged l)efore the expiration of his term 
except: 

1. By order of the President or Secretary of War. 

2. By sentence of a general court-martial. 

3. On certificate of disability, by direction of the commander of a lerritorial depart- 
ment or army in the Held; but when the 4lisability of a Holdier is cauwMl by <lisease 
contnurted before enlistment, or by his own misconduct or \}ba\ habitM, dis(*hargt^ will 
be ordered only by the Secretary of War. 

The commander of a territorial department or army in the field, after thoroughly 
investigating cases of soldiers recommended for dischar^' on account of disease con- 
tracted before enlistment or by their own misconduct or ba<l habits, is authorizc<l to 
issue orders in the name of the Secretary of War for the discrharge of such enlisted 
men after determining each case on its merits. 

4. In compliance with an order of one of the United States <*ourts, or a justice or a 
judge thereof, on a writ of habeas corpus. 

159. When an enlisted man is discharge<l, his company commander will furnish 
him with final statements in duplicate or a full statement in writing of the reasons 
why such final statements are not fumishe<l. If the soldier is discharge<l within the 
first five years' term of enlistment, the year in which he was serving at date of dis- 
charge will be note<i; if a pericxl of five years* continuous service haw been comp]ete<l, 
the following notation will l)e made on the final statements by the officer issuing the 

same: "Completed five years' ix)ntinuous service , 190-; had years 

months' prior service." Final statements will not lie furnished a soldier who lias 
forfeited all pay and allowances and has no deposits due him. When the disc*hargi* is 
made on certific^ate of disability, the ascertained disability, as re<*ited in the (*(*rtifi<rate, 
must be given in the final statements as the reason or trause for dis<rhargi*. 

153. Whenever an enlisted man is discharged from the Army prior to the expira- 
tion of his term of service the actual cause of discharge will l>e state<l in the onlcr 
directing the same and noted on the final statements. Officc*rs signing final states 
nients will be (ireful to see that these notations an' made in all csu^es, us tin* causi' of 
discharge determines the soldier's right to travel allowances, and tlie men' ({notation 
of the number and date of the order upon which discharge is lNisi>(l is insufii<>ient as 
a guide to proper payment. 

154. When an enlisted man is diM*haiige<l by expiration of ser\'i(« his dischargt^ 
will take effe<'t on the last day there<if ; i. e., if enlistinl on the sec-ond day of the month 
his tenn will expire on the first day of the same mouth in the last year of liis tenn 
of enlistment. 

155. Discharge (certificates will not Ik* made in duplicate. Uptm satisfa^^tory 
pnK>f (»f the loss of a dis<*haiye, or of its di^stniction without the fault of the i>arty 
entitUtl to it, the War De|)artment may issue to su«*h i>arty a (vrtifii'ate of service*, 
showing date of enlistment in and discharge from the Anny and character given on 
discharge certificate. Dis4*har);t* certificates must not Iw fon^'anltnl to the War 
I>e|>artinent in (M)rres|K)ndem*e unleMs called for. 

156. In time of ])ea(v, a soldier ser\'ing in the seccmd year or first six montlis of 
the thinl year (»f his first enlistment may apply to the Adjutant-! reneral (»f the Anny 
through military channels, for the privilege (»f punliasing his discharge, but such 
application will not l)e entertaintni unless l)ase<i on satisfactory n»asons fully set fortli 
by the applicant and verified by the officer forwarding the appli<«tion, nor unless 



DIS^UAKOK^^. 23 

a«*«x>ni|Nini(*«l by a Ktatenu'iit of tho Hi»l(li<>r*H iiiiiii<'<1iiit4> <*(iniiiiiin(liri^ offhvr nliowinic 
the (tmditioti of lib« wiimiiti*. If mich appliintioii U* ^runttNl. tht* imn'hiiHi* |»ri«v will 
lie oiiU*re<I on th<* tiiial KtjiU*ii>ent<< an aii iU*iii «liit* tlit* I'niNii Sutti*. A M»I<lk*r ttiu-f* 
iluK'haiigtHl by |mn*hiiM* will not )>e irnintfil that fav<»r a wcmnd tiint*. A noKiit^r 
upmiig in a Ht^cond or any oth«*r t*nliHtnii*nt, but n(»t nn*eivin^ omtinuoiu* nervicv or 
rei*nliMt4«<i |iay, w not ilf*lNim'«I from diM'liarp* by |>un*haM*. Tht* pricf of pun'haHt* 
in the tin«t month of the Ki*cf>n<I ytiir will U* $12(1, and will Ik* $5 lew in eaeh nut*- 
riHfvlini; month of the i)eri<Ml «liirin); whirh pun'hane may U* aiithoriz«'«I. 

lAY. KnIiKte*! men who liave Her\*e«1 merit«>riotiH]y twelve yearn or mon*, i*ontinn- 
oiii<ly or oUierwii«e, will U* elaiwitied an veteran wjMien*. If it U* for their material 
lii*netit, <liM*tianct* may Ite )rrant«'<l them by the S^t-n^tary of War by way t»f favor ai« 
vetermm*. A HuUiier omv diM'liaive^I af a veteran will not U* <ii(«('har>re«l airain by 
way <}t favor. 

lAM. S4il(Iien« ilineliarptl aM pnivithtl in ]iarairraph'* b''^^ Hnd 157 will not n'vvive 
travel alli»waii(i'»*. 

Ift#. An enlif>t«*«i man a n*i«i(ient of the l'nit4il Statt*>< m'r\*intc in (^ilia, Porto Uieft, 
Hawaii, Uuam, <>r the I'hilippine iHlamli*, whfi ii* <iiHi*harKe«i the M*r\'i(v in thoM* 
inlanfli* by traiutfer to another bmnrh of the Hi*rvice: or on hiif own a|)pli«'ati«m, 
whether by way of favor or by piin'hace; or iHM'aiiM* of omtinement by the rivil 
authi>ritief(; or by way of pmiinhment for an offenn* or for ilir«bility caiifHil by hia 
own mimiindnet ; or on a^iimnt of fraudulent enlistment, in, by the ojH^ration of He<*- 
tion VM\ Ki*viKe<l Statutes, and the a&t of Manh 1«>, iwm (IN Stat. 1^. <ki), pn*vent4Hl 
fn*m bi*inK allow(*il the iiKiial travelinic allowanee»* to the pimv of hin enli^'tnient, 
enrollment, or orifriiial mui«ter into the Her\'i(v, but he will \n* bnm^ht by the <fov- 
eniment to the rnite<i Stat4'H on a tnuii«|Mirt fn*e of cliarKe: J*r*truM, That an enli»it4*«l 
man dineharKe^l iMtvuKi* i>f i'«»ntinement by eivil auth(»ntief, or byway of |Hinii«h- 
UM'Ut f*»r an offenni*, or for dirtability f«iij«'d by hij<own mim'tindurt. nhall U* retpiiriHl 
to h-ave the inlandi* by the ltn*t tranf«|ii»rt de|iartin)c for the l*nit«'<l Stat4f< or forfeit 
the pnvil«<|p* of U*inK M-nt to the l*nit4-*l Statei* at the ex|NMiHe of the < iovenim«*nt. 

!•#• An enlif*t«<«l nuin who deHin*** to pnieiire hii« ili>«i'luirKe fnmi the Tniteil Statiti 
m*r\'i('«s by favor, nhould a«ldnf«« a letter t^ the .\«ijutant-<ienenil of the Aniiy, 
an^»m|«ni<'il by f«ii«*h «i»milionitive data tu* he may i wf ' m , M*ttinic forth the n*ai«otw 
U|Min whieh he \mtm-n hit* appli(«tion, ami hand or mail it to hit* eom|iany citni- 
nianiier, who in tuni wilt fi»rwanl it through the iifiial military rliatinelf, with ns*- 
omnM*ndation and n*mark ii|H»n thf inttTeftii tif the •■ervii-* -iv4dveil ami the \alidity 
of the reaHtftm* a<lvan<i*il by the ap]*lirant. .Vpplifatiom" m.- i flo nut ffime fitrwanl 
in thif* manner will not U* ent4*rtaine«l. .\il appli«'atiiin»< nitiHt In* fi»rwarti<*«l to the 
Adjutaiit-( teneral «if the .\rmy thn»ii^di intenimiiate ct»mmanden*, who will approve 
or dii«ippn»ve, ai* pn*vide«l in |4iratrraph hTiO. Anny K4vulatii»ni«. Su«-h i^iinnnmiea- 
tiotift, u|Min return t<i the «i»mman*1iii(r ollifi*r i>f the o»m|iany. i*<»nMitute a |4irt of 
th«* eomifliny n*i'«inii« an«l will not In* dflivenil intf»the fioHMiviifin «if thenoldier, wtio 
will, howevrr. In* pro|ierly inf<»niie<i **( the tinal aftiiin taken in the i-aM*. 

!#!• TraiiM'ripti* from n'«i»nlf* nf I'ivil i-i»urtf utf*\ nut aii*i>in|ian\ applimtiouH f«»r 
fliftelianre «>f enlif«ti^l mm Ht-ntenotl tn imprir-iiiifiM'nt b\ •urli f*iiurti*. The otlieial 
iitAtenH*nl of the mm|iany i'«inimaniler t<> that eff«'«-t i« liufHi'ifnt. 

1^1^ Tlie iTaum* i»f diM'tiano* and the rwddier'** at(e at date of enli^tnifUt will U* 
■Ulte«l in the iHidy of the diM'lianre (vrtitb«t«* lli« rharaiier will U* ai^-urwtrly 
<lt*M*riU<il at the Imttom ttf the «*t*rtiti«-att*. Imt if nut »ui!ii-ii>ntl\ tf««Mt t<» allow i.f hip 
n!<i*nlii4nM*nt. the wonln " No objt««*tif »n t<t hi^ n'«*nliMmi*nt if* kn«iwh to vxi.Mt" wdl 
In* eran^l. The wonb* •'.S*r\U'e hoiif«t and faithful." *»r **.*H«r\Hf not liontTit iinil 
laithful.*' aft th<* i-bm* may U*. will U* fhtfn^l un^b-r "lu*miifk*" in thf nulitAry 
ivriml (Ml tlH* iMM'k of the diM'lianp* t-a'rtitK-ate. and will alt^i U* ni*tioi| on th** tinal 



24 DISCHARGES. 

statements. The company commander will, before submitting the discharge certifi- 
cate to the proper officer for signature, inform the soldier of the character he intends 
to give him. Should the soldier feel that injustice will be done him thereby, he may 
at once apply for redress to the post conmiander, who will immediately convene a 
board of officers to determine the facts in the case, and will briefly note the finding 
of the board, if approved by him, on the discharge certificate. But in all (^ases 
where the company commander deems a soldier's services unfaithful, he should, 
whenever practicable, notify the soldier at least thirty days prior to dischai^ of the 
character which he intends to give, in order that the soldier may have ample oppor- 
tunity to apply for, and be heard before the board. In such cases the proceedings of 
the board, showing all the facts pertinent to the inquir>', with the views of the 
intermediate commanders indorsed thereon, will be transmitted for the cx)nsidera- 
tion and action of the War Department. This l)oanl may be called upon the appli- 
cation of the post or company commander, and if by the former the department 
commander shall appoint it. The character given by the company (^mmander, also 
the character found by the board, will be noted on the muster roll. If upon due 
notification, in the manner hereinbefore provideil, of the character intended to be 
given him on his discharge, and that the words ''Ser\nce not honest and faithful" 
are to be noted on his final statements, the soldier expressly waives his right to 
apply for redress or declines to avail himself of the remedy herein provided, his 
status is the same as though a boanl of officers had been convenetl and found the 
service not honest and faithful. Following the remark on final statements, ** Service 
not honest and faithful," should appear the words '* Right to apply for re<lreas 
expressly waived," or, * 'Approved finding of a board uf officers," as the case may lie. 
In the absence of the conditions above set forth, the soldier is entitleil to the 
remark on his final statements, '^Service honest and faithful." The officer who 
prepares the discharge will state thereon whether the man is married or unmarried, 
the number of his minor children, and, if discharged from a reenlistuumt, the 
number thereof. 

163. The dischai^ of a soldier takes effect on the date of notice to him of such 
dischaiige, either actual, by delivery of the certificate of discharge, or const nictive, 
as where such delivery can not be made owing to his absence through his own 
fault, in which case the receipt of the dis(*harge at his proi)er station will U* <UHMiie<l 
sufficient notice. The date of dischaige on the final stati'ments must 1m> the khiih* as 
that on the dischai^ge certificate. 

164. In onier that a soldier on his reenlistment or n»entry into the ser\'itx» may 
be correctly musterwi for increase of |>ay for former 8er\ice, his (*onunanding 
officer upon the dim*hai^ of the soldier will place on his discharge certificate u}K>n 
the line for "Previous ser\'ict\" and in lieu of dates of (enlistment and dischai^^ 

therefrom, the following remark: '* Serving in the year of continuous service 

since , 19 — " 

165. If a soldier l)e disc*harge<l while al)sent from his (H^mpany, the <late, place, 
and cause thenH>f will Ih» reporte<l to his coni|)any commander by the officer giving 
the discharge, and thin n'[K)rt will l)e HC(Nmi|>anied by a (Himplete descriptive list. 

166. In onler to prevent {laymenton fraudulent discliarge ]>a|H*rs, the offi(*erwho 
pr(*|)an's the final statements of a sohlier will, shortlv l>efore his discharge, and at 
least one <lay l)cfore th .* dischaiye takes effec^t, send by mail to the {layniaster to whom 
the sohlier may wish to apply for {>ayment a notification, in his own handwriting, 
stating therein the date of last |)ayment to the soldier and his cn»<lits and debits, 
Ixith in wonls and figures. The officer will also si»nd the soldier's nignature, or will 
re|>ort that the soldier can not write his name. This notification will n«)t l)e given 
to the sol«lier, but will lie sent by mail, so as to n-ach the |)ay master In^fon' the sol- 
dier can re|)ort for payment The officer issuing the final statements will inform 



DISi7HAKi»E8. 25 

the «lifir!uuirMi wkldier. in writinic, of tlie naino and location of tlie |iaymaHt4*r to 
whoin hi* Hliall apply for payment, and at tlu» muiu* time M*nd the nH|uintl nntitica- 
tioD to the detfignatiNl paynuwter. Thin notitii«ti(»n will U* in the following form: 

y*fti/lcatitm *^ JHteharfff. 

(To be In th(* liaiMlwrilinff of th«* o(B<H*r in cvrry vms,) 

MAJfir . IHijrnuuitcr. I*. 8. Army. 



HiR: I luire lh<» honor U» ttdvlnv y<m that i*rivaU> will W dlnrhanrtMl th«» ^-nrlct^of 

the rnli««l Hutm on , 1H9H, by rmnon of ." (Urn* *latr lh«« n'nnin ) 

TIm* HklilU'r wan 1*14 \m.M to . |M9h. and Itan |Miy <liu' hini fnun that <lat«' ti* <lnli> i»f illM>tMnr«' 

Thrffv In tlui* him for cloChlnjr n4»t drawn In kind, I «or. He In Inilclac*! in the rniiol siiiti*n 

fcir rhrtblnir ovcnirawn. • . He In liMlvbl«M Ui tin- I*n4l»««l Slali-* for** Ac <i. K., f K»»r 

nNirt-manlal ff»rf«*ltun'. I 1. 

Th«* H>ldl«>r U (or In n«H, a<« lh«* ram* may Im*) ontlth'il to tniVflInK alWiwanfi-^ 

ill* i4ffnatun* apfM'am liektw. 

Soldk'r'i* kljrnatun*, 

Very r««|irctfully. 



It HhtMiM lie Uinu* in niin«l that overpaynientj* caiiM**! by emmeoiw final i«tat4»- 
mentu will U* rhann^d aicainKt the ofn«vr who t«iime<l the final ntatementn. 

I6T. Blank fonnn for diM-lianet* and final Htatemi'ntj* will U» fuminhcMl )>y the 
Adjutant-< teneral of the Amiy.and will lie rvtaim*«l in the iiennHial rUf«t«Mly (»f i*«»m- 
|«uiy mmmanden*; thone for diK(*harK«* will he (»f three rlaiMi*: For h«int»nihle and 
for tliithonorahle «UM*harKi% and for diM*liarKc withont homir. They will lie tiM*<l aH 
followt*: 

1. The |ian*hment diM'liarye hlank for honorahle diM^liansi* only, ami the w«>rd 
*'hom»rahlv** will lie intt^rline^l in the ol<l hlankx when iim**!. 

2. The hlank for dinhomirahle dinehanpe, for Hurh dif«t*liarv%* alom*. 

X The hlank for diitrliarKi* without homir when a Holdi4*r in dii«liarKt*«l: 

in) \Vith<Mit trial, on a<i*«>unt of frauilulent enliKtment. 

(/<! Without trial, on aei^ount of haviuK lie<'«ime «lii«|ualifi«<il for M*rvi«v. ph>i*ic*ally 
or in elianuier. through hii* own fault. 

(<*) On aiiirtint of impriwmment imder Hf*nt4*nce of a civil «*i»urt. 

('/) <hi ati^Kint of lieinK« at the expiration of hi«* tenii <if eidiHtment, in ronfine- 
nM'Ut under the iientenc*e of a Kem*ral ctiurt- martial wlii«'h doec not pmvidt* for 
diphonorahle dineliarire. 

(f\ When din*luir)(e without honor ii« fqN*<'ially onlere^l hy the S^-retary of War 
for anv f»ther reanon. 

I6M. A difihonorahle dim'hanri* from the wr\-i(*«* ii* a «^»mplete expul>iii»n fnmi tlie 
Anny, an^l mvern all unexpired enliKtmenti*. 

I##. Wh«*n a noldier ii* MMitemx^l hy court -martial to «'«>nflnement, with«>ut dii*- 
hoiHirmhU* diiii*liarire, for a |ieri«Ml extending U*yond the expiration of hii« term of 
mlijitnM*nt he will la* diiieliarv«'<l with<Kil honi»r on tin- flate of the fxpiratiou of tin* 
tenii of enlijitnu*nt, Uit will U* held to iter^e out hii« •«*nt«*ncis th«* «fnitl«iiti* i>f dii*- 
rhar|{«* lH*inir delivere<l to him i»n hii* releUM* from iiintinmient. When, h<»w«*vf*r, a 
ia>l«li«*r*>* tenn of enliKtment expinv while he in waitinir trial or M*nt«*n«'e, he will In* 
difii*tiarv«<<l (ht»nonihly. without tionor, <ir dinhonorahly. aii-vinlinK to «in'umi(taii«^«) 
on tlie «late of tht* n<<vi|i( of an onl«*r puhliKhinic tin* i^mm' or i»tlu*rwiM* diji|i<««infr of it, 
aii«l tlie diiirliar|{«* will 1«* dat4^1 afn^inlinirly. 

1T#. Whrn trunK|M»rtati«»n in kiml in fumiHliiil M<li«M'hanri^l «ildier to«*nal»l«* him 
to rt^iM*h a |iaytiiaf"ter. thr«|uartemiaiiterwill mitron tht* tiital -tateiiifnt** that **tnini»- 

portati«»n In kind fnun to ** hai* \n-%»\\ furni*lit<il. »ta*ini; tin* Mi-t wIh'II 

it ran In* iMvrtani<>«l hy him. If trmiift|H»r1ation U* funiir*h«*<l t«> a rN>Mii*r diM-liarvep 
at the plare \A hin enliiitment to enahle him to n-ai-h a |iiiytiiaf*ti*r« the itwX tlmmof, 
wbirh will be aiosrtaiiit^ and iHitttl on the final f*tat4*ment4i^ will la^ «W^^^K^»k. 



88 8ERVICE COLORS GUIDONS NAMES OF BATTLES. 

applieH to the une of the c<)l«>rH of the l)attalionH of eiigiiUH*rH. When not in tiae 
prt!8criU*<i in thin ]>arafi:rapli, (miIofh and Htandanls will l>e kept in their waterproof 
caseH. 

945. Skrvick Colors and Staxdardh.— A national eolor nia<le of bunting <ir other 
suitable material, but in all other res^xTte nimilar to the nilken national eolor, will be 
fuminhetl to the liattalionH of en^dneerH and to each ro^inent of infantry for iu«e at 
drilUi an<l on inarehen and all nerviee other than l>attleH, eaniitai^up, and CMiraKionB 
of ceremony. A similar (*olor of the HaniedimenHi<inHas the silken stan<lanl will be 
fumishetl for like purposes to t»ach rejrinient of <«valry. 

946. Gi'iDONS FOR Cavalry. — I'lach troop of cavalry will have a silken ^lidon, 
cut swallow-tailed, 15 inches to the fork, 'A ft^et 5 inches fly from lance to end of swal- 
lowtail, and 2 fc*et 3 inchin* on the lance, having two horizontal stri|H»s (>ach om'-half 
the width of the fla^, the upin^r nil and the lower white, the re<l striiH* having on 
both sides in the center the numlH»r of the nvi"u*"t in white silk, and the white 
striate the letter o( the tr<K)p in JVi\ silk, the letter and numlwr blo<*k-sha|HHl, 4} 
inches hif^h, the lance U inches in «liameter and 9 fe<'t lon^, includinj^ siH'ar and 
ferrule. }<^h troop will al.«<o have a service ^lidon, madt* c)f bunting or other suit- 
able material, in sha|H* an<l design the same Oi* the silken guidon; the lattiT will be 
used only in Imttle, camiKiign, or on (M'casions of ceremony. 

34T. Guidons for Fikld Artillery. — Each Iwitterv of field artillerv will have a 
guidon of scarlet silk, dimensions and sha]X' siuiie as dc^'rilKHl for cavalry gni«lonfl, 
in the tvnter on lK)th sidt*s of the gui<lon two ciinnon cniss<»<l, alM)Ut 14J inches in 
length, with numlM*rof Inittery Ik»1«>w the cros.Me<l <'annon, numl)er«)f yellow silk, 
numluT bl<M*k-shai)ed, 4 J inches high, lance s:une as for <*avalry guidon. This silken 
guidon will Ite usikI only in Imttle, cam]>aign, or on (K*c:ision.*4 of (vremony. Kai*h 
batter}' will also have a ser\'ice guidon of bunting or other suitable material, in 
shape an<i design the same as the silken guidon. 

34(l« Signal flag for the hi>a<l<iuarters of signal «tfli«*ers of an army, <*ori>s, or divis- 
ion, and for fleld and telegrat>h trains: a n^l signal fliig, nilk, with white tvnter. 
On the nnl fleld shall U* embroideriMl the wonls " rnite<l States Signal Cor|>s,*' and 
on the white (vnter the devi«»e of the Signal (\»r|w4. A tJ x it Untt flag shall U* usini at 
army or cor|)s heailquarters, and a 4 x 4 foot flag els4»where. 

349* Whenever in the <i]»inion of a commanding otKuvr the «*(mdition <if any 
silken color, stamlani, or gui<ion in the iHii4<ession of his command has iHH'onie 
unser\*iceable, a Iwianl of survey will U' ap|M)int(Hi to n'port, for the infonnati«)n of 
the Secretary' of War, its <*ondition ami the m»<t»ssity of supplying a new one. If 
requiring re)iair, applicati«>n to have it plac(><l in a H4*rvic(*ab1e condition should Ite 
made to the (iuartermaster-Genenil. S<»rvi<v colors an«l guidons will 1m' submittetl 
for the acti«m «)f an insjMrtor when unflt for further us4'. {'\\*tn nivipt of new silken 
colon), standanls, or guitlons connnanding otticcrs will auise thosi* n>place<l to Ik* 
numlH*red and n^taineil by the onruii/ation to which they InOong as mementtts of 
8er\'ici», a syno|)sis of which, iH'aring the siune numlMT, will 1h* flh'<l with the nnxmls 
of the organization. 

ti50. The names of the l»attles in which one or more (H)ni)Kmies of a n^iment or 
of the liattali«ms of engincfrs, or the artillery cor] is, have lM»nie a meritorious |)art 
may 1h.» eiigmviNi u|M)n silver rings, f:u<tene<l on t!>e pikes or lances nf tlie ci»lors or 
standanls, and in ca^H^s when' h'ss than half tite nuinlNT <»t' cctmpanies of tht* n^i- 
meut or liattalion Men* engiigi'd, the <-oni|Kmy letters will follo>% th(> name of the 
Ittttle. The names of Imttlcs in which licld Iwitterii's or tpMijis of cavalry have, 
when detacluNl, Imh'Ii engat!e<l se|uinitely may Im* in.'^TiUni UfMin rings on the latu'es 
of their guidons. The lanc<' of the stTvitv guidon will not U* thus mar k(*d. The 
fact that an action in which any org:uii/4itioii h;is Uvn enguge^l is entitled to be 



CAUP COLORS — KEOIMRNTA. 39 

calliil a IwttU*, aiiil tlu* luuiu* tn U* i*ntfTav(*<l <iii the rinp* will U* luiiummtil frrmi 
tiM* .\<ljutaiit-(H*iK^rmrH <>IH«v. It««<|iiiKitioiiH for now i*i>lorH and iniidonH will be 
aiTi>iu|«iiiiHl by li»<b« of liattb«i«. 

(AMI* 0»UiKf<. 

Ml* To U* AH <l«'M*riU*«l for flatp** printiil ti|M»n luintinK. IH by *A) in«*h<*i«« on a 
p«»l<* of anh K f<H*t lony an«l 1) inolui* in <liaini*U*r, the Imtt en«l armed with a 
|»riint(*«l femile. 

9lM. No eni«i|;n. |»ennon, ntn'anier, or «>ther lianner of any kind, other than the 
flap<« (^»lon«, i<tan<laplH, |N*nnantj4, and tniidtHii* pivHeriUil by the Army lUvtilationa, 
will In* iim^l by the Army, or by any nyiment or other onainization then«<>f. 



ABTICLE 

Kbiiimkn'tk. 

(»IH)ANIZATI0N ANn INKTKrCTION. 

M3. The def*itfnation **eom|)any.** a«< iim*«I in X\nvi* ntnilatiom*. applien to troopa 
«>f <Tavalry, l»atteri(*rt of tield artillery and c'«im|ianie9« of infantry* and itrntt artillery, 
and lian<lj4 of all aniui. The deiii^mation '* battalion*' applii'v* in like manner ti> 
MliiailronH of «Tavalry. 

9lM. Ill the <'avalry and infantr>' annr* the nviment in the adminintrative unit, 
A ira\*alry nvii"(*nt ei»n)«ii<ti« of three <'«int<titut«il wiuaiinmH of four tnM»iiH eai*h; an 
infantr\' n^inient of thnv ('4in}<titiit4*«i iMttalionn of four ("vMniianii*}* eai*!!. The sta- 
tion of the |iennanent nviiii<*ntal tfunnuinder in the hea<lf|uart4*n< of the nviuienL 
Theei»mmand of a nnnnient devolvet* u|hiii the nenior oHbvr on duty with it wher- 
ever h«* may U* Htationnl. When*ver ineomplete Imttalioni* of the i<«iiie or «liffen*iit 
n-tfiuientj- an* nTviiit; to|ri*ther th«* nuiimandin^ otfiivr may d«'»fi(niate provisional 
t<ottalii»n»<. The Imttalion in a unit for nianeuvcn«« and inr«tni«'tion; it in not ao 
ailntini»*trativi* unit; it lian no heaiit|uarten< and, when neninc in a nviment, no 

M4. \'\vtu the oiyanization of a ntrinient itt< <*om|iani<t* nivive |ieniiancnt doa- 
iimatit>n by letter* in alpluiU'ti<^l onler, and i»!li«vn« are aMptiKnc*! to them in onler 
ai* lett«-nil, aoimlint; to rank. SulMijuently oHitvn*. u|ion pn»niotion or ap|>oint- 
ment. an* iMiiinH*<l t«> till vat'ancii'ri nvanllev^* of n*lativi* rank. 

Slft#. \ nviiiK'Utal mmmander nhtiuld (*ontiniully lalNir for the inMnirtion and 
etlirirni'v *»( bi*> nvinient. lie HhouM enoturaire Anionic hi." ottitvn* hannoniiHia 
ndatioUH an<l a frii'udly npirit nf emulation in the iierfoniianet* «if duty. IIih timely 
interfen*ri«^* ti» pn*\«>nt dioputii*. hii* ailvio* to the inex|M*rieni'e<l, and imme«iiate 
a*njqin* of any i-onilut't liabb* to proiluiv «li<«ienHiin in the nnnnient i>r to n*fl4*(i dia- 
en^lit u|Min it. are of i^n-at im|iortaii«i* in M><-urin};Hnd nuiintaininir iti« etlieieney. In 
nieh ffftirtii he mill ntfivr the Itiyal f*up|)>irt of hif* Hul>onlinat4-«*. lie m-ill make an 
ini*|«*i*tiiin iif U'ip imnniliat** (*ommand **n the laf*t ilay of every month. 

)I«IT. KiK-h •leittrtnient iitnimander will ann«»un4-«* in onU*rfi annually the iieriod 
of the year U» U* t;iven ti* prui*ti«iil in«tnirti<in in drill an«l other military exeri'iMSi 
prmeribink' their • lianiiier and the time U* U* ilevotitl ther«*ti>. lie will alni dertg- 
nate a i^'riml ••( fMiir i'iiiiM<i-utive months in eai-h year for th«*<on*ti«ral ini«tnu*ti«A, 
imittrtt-vl in lyeetitii« ^r by li«etuni>. ni'itatiiiiif*. or i»ther methoiU. to U* inven twioo 
•■•I'h mi'i'k •liihiii; the |ieh«Ml dtviiniati^d. Fjk-Ii nininental oimmamler mill fiU|ii*r\'iNe 
tiM* iiii*tni<-tiori of the otliM*n« under Ilia imiiMxIiali* <-i»mman<l. ami «*aeh |HiMt «iim* 
niander that of nnrimfiital otHivnt of hij* <-oiniimiid mho an* alwnt fn»m the b««i|- 
<|iiarten* i>f their nf*|ieiiive nvitiH'titf*. K^mIi o*iii|«iny i<«ifiitiiaiidi'r ii* n*«|>>ti"ible for 
tlir pnMiiml aritl tbi^nretnal inMnu tii^ii ••f In- fi<iiii-iiiiimi«^ii»iie<l nlfii-eni. Theiv 
dutifw will U* m |M*rfoniM«l an not to intfden* mith pro|H*r n^ ainl n^*n<atii»n. 



88 SERVICE COLORS GUIDONS NAMES OF BATTLES. 

appliefl to the urn* uf tlie coIofh of tho 1)attalioiiH of uiigiiuHTH. Wlien not in use 
prt!8cril>e<l in thin |)aragrapli, (rolorn and Htandanis will \h* kopt in thoir waterproof 
oaseH. 

945. Sekvice C\>ix>Kt< anm) Standakdh. — A national color made of bunting; <ir other 
suitable material, but in all other resinirtii niniilar tothenilken national cxilor, will be 
fumiHhe<l to the liattalions of en^dneerH and to i^eh rt^^ment of infantry for iwa* at 
drillH and on mari'het* and all nerviee other than battles, eainfiaignB, and cK*eaHionH 
of ceremony. A Himilar (*olor of tlie name dimensions as the Hilken Ftandanl will be 
fumiHhe<l for like puriMiK'H to each regiment of cavalry. 

946. Griix)N8 for Cavalry. — Ka<*h troop of cavalry will have a nilken guidon, 
cut 8wallow-taile<l, 15 inches to the fork, 'A ftK»t 5 inches fly fnmi lam*eto end of HwaU 
lowtail, and 2 fi*et 8 incheH on the lance, having two horizontal HtriiHH* each one-half 
the width of the flag, the upix»r nnl and the lower white, the re<l striiH' having on 
both 8idi»8 in the center the numU'r of the nyiment in white silk, and the white 
stripe the letter of the tnM>p in riNl silk, the letter and numln^r block-sha|)ed, 4} 
inchefl high, the lam^e 1] inches in diameter an<l 1) ft*i't long, including npi'ar and 
ferrule. Vjach tr<M>p will also have a service gnid(»n, nia<le of bunting or other suit- 
able material, in 8ha|H' and dmgn the same as the silken guidon; the latter will be 
used only in Imttle, camiiaign, or on occjb<ions of tvremony. 

347. (tuiix>nh for Fikld Artillery. — VjavU Iwttery of fiel<l artillerj* will have a 
guidon of scarlet silk, dimensions and shaiK* same as descrilKni for cavalry guidons, 
in the center on Ix^th sides of the guidon two cannon crossi^l, iilnrnt 14} inches in 
length, with numlier of luittery Im>1ow the crossi^l cannon, numlMT of yellow silk, 
numl)er bl<M'k-shai)i*<l, 4} inches high, lance siimt* as for cavalry giii<lon. This silken 
guidon will l>e uhckI only in Imttle, cami)aign, or on <K'casions of (vremony. F^aeh 
liattery will also have a servi(v guidon of bunting or other suitable material, in 
shape and design the same as the silken gui<lon. 

34I4. Signal flag for the lu'adtiuarters of signal ofiitvrs of an army, <tir))s, or divis- 
ion, and for field an<i telegraph tniins: a re<l signal flag, silk, with white ci*nter. 
On the re<l field shall l>e embn»idere<i the wonls *' I'nite^l State's Signal (N»r|>»«.*' and 
on the white ct»nter the devi<v of the Signal Corp**. A «> x «> f<K)t Hag shall N* utunX at 
army (»r vor\>t* hea<lquarters, and a 4 x 4 finit Hag els4'where. 

349. Whenever in the opinion of a commanding otrutT the condition of any 
silken color, standanl, or guidon in the invsst'ssion of his (*onnnand has U'<'ome 
unser\'iwable, a Iwianl of sur\*ey will Ik* apixiinttnl to n»|Hirt, for the iufonnati<»n of 
the S«»rt»tar}* of War, its <'ondition ai»l the ntMtvsity of sui)plying a new one. If 
nnpiiring n*{»air, appli(*ation to have it plac(*d in a MTviivable condititm should lie 
made to the Quartermaster-Genenil. Servi4v colors an<l guidons will 1h' submittetl 
for the acti<in of an insptrttjr when unlit ft>r further us*'. rj)on n'<-eipt of new silken 
colore, standanls, or gtii«lons connnanding ntiicers will «'ausc thost* repla(H*<l to Iw 
nuniU'n*d and n*tain(*<l by the onnniization to whi<'h they In^long as mcmentiiHof 
ser\*ict*, a synoi^iis of which, iHiiring the s;ime munU>r, will Ih* tilctl with the ni'onls 
of the organi/jition. 

tidO. The names of the luittlcs in which one or inon' com)ianics of a nvinient or 
of the Uittalinns of engineers, or the artillery (»orps. have iHirne a meritorious |Nirt 
may Ih' engnive<i uixm silver rings, fiu^tenetl on the pik(»s nr lances of the <N»lnrH or 
standanl.<4, and in ciis<'s where less than half the nutnUT of com]>:uiies <>f the regi- 
ment or Itattalion viere engagitl. the com|»imy letters will follow the name of the 
Ijattle. The names of liattles in which tieM luitteries nr tr<Mi|is of cavalry have, 
when «ietache<l, U-en engage<l H'jisirately may U* ins^TiU'tl ufMui rings on the lanet*H 
of their guidons. The iamv of theS4'rvi<v guidon will not Ih* thus marked. The 
fact that an actii^n in which any orpini/ation luis \h'vu engagixl is entitled to be 



CAUP COLORS — KEOIMRNTA. 39 

callwl A hiittUs luid th<* luuiu* in U* fiifrrmviNl nn tlio ritifp* will U* aniKMiiKiil fnmi 
tiM* A<1jutaiit-(n*iK*rmrH (HRiv. K4i|iiiHitioiiH for iu>w nilon* mitl giiiclonM will In* 
aii?imi|«ini«*(i by UhU* of InttUv. 

('AMI* CVIUIK}*. 

Ml. To U* an <Uw*ri)NMl for flatp*! l>rinU*«l ii|»oii hunting, IH by 21) itirlu*!*, on a 
pol«* «»f anh H f(*4*t lonK and U inrhif* in (Itaniotor, tUv bntt <*n«i aniu'«l with a 
|if>int4'<l fi*mil4*. 

Msl. No «*nHiien, iM*nn«in, Htn'amer, or other lionner of any kind, othrr than tlit* 
flap*, i*«»lon«, Htanilanin, |N*nnantj4, anti tniidonn pni^critH**! by the Aniiy lU'^nilationa, 
will U* iiMtl by thi' Anny, or by any nvini<*nt or otht^r ortoinization thi*n*of. 

ARTICLE XXXT. 

liBlilMKNTK. 
nRtlANIZATI<»N ANI> INKTRIHTION. 

M3* The* «l<i«i»rnation '*<*oni|ittny/* a*< iimtl in tli«*?H* n*tnilationi>. applict* to tnM»pa 
4»f 4Tavalr>', ltatti*ri<*H of li<*li| artillery and (*oni|Minit'9« of infantry and cooHt artillery, 
and liandn of all aniiH. The dtvi^iation ^Mnttalion" appHi* in like manner ti» 
MluailmnH i>f «:avalry. 

SIM. In the i -aval ry anil infantr>- arnii* the nvinti'nt in the admin int rati ve miit, 
A iravalry nvimcnt fiitiHintHof thnv (i»n}<titute«l i«|iia4lr«>ni« of four tnM»|N4 eai*h; an 
infantr\' nviim-nt i»f thnt* ninxtitnteil iHittalioii.** of four «'«»ni|ianief4 «'ai*h. The nt*- 
ti(»n «»f the ii«*miunrnt nvinii'ntal comnuinder in th«* head«|uart4*n« of the retrinienL 
Theeitnimand of a nvitnent ilevolvet* u|Min the senior oHitvr on iluty with it wher- 
ever hf may U* ntationiil. Wherever iimiinplete lKittalioni« of the «4ain«* or «ltffen*nt 
ntrimentr* ar«* mtviii^ t«ip'ther thf n»mnuindin(c ofliivr may de?ii^iate proviHioiial 
t4ittali<iii.*«. Th«* lutlalion in a unit fiir maneuven', and iii»<tnirtion; it in not ao 
ailminif*trativf unit: it hai* ih» heaiUiuarten* and, when M*r\in^ in a nviment, no 

SI44. I'lwin th«> organization of a r«vii"<*"t itit f«»m|«nieH reivive |ieniiancnt doa- 
iimation by k'tten* in alplutU'tinil onh'r, and otli«fn« an* af**iirnc«| to th(*tn in onler 
ai* lettrnil. Hfi-onlint; to rank. SultHeipiently otliivn'. u|Min pnmiotion «ir ap|Miint- 
ment. an* iu«*i^H<il t«i till vai'sim-iti* nvanllcM* of n*lativi* rank. 

Slft#. A nvimciital i*ommanil«*r should fontinually laUir fur the iiiHtnirtion and 
etlii-UMicy iif hifi nviment. lie should enoMinurt* um<ini{ hir* olliinT* hMnnoniiiiw 
ndationi* and a (n«*nilly Hpirit iif i*mulation in the |i«'rft»rman(^> of duty, liii* timely 
interfen*n(i* tn pn'Vcnt di*>put«fi. hii* ad\i(i* ti» the itiex|ienen«^'«l, uml imm(*«iiate 
o*nMin* of any i^niilurt liabh* u* pmiluii* •li*««enp>ii>n in the ntnuM'Ht *»t to n*t1«*4i diif- 
i*n'«lit U|Min it, an* iif icn*at im|Hirtanit* in •4<«-tirint;anil tuaintaiiiinir itn ellit*i«*nry. In 
fdk'h efforli* he mill n<i-ri\4* th«* loyal Hip|>iirt **i U'\n MiUinlinatifi. lie will nuike an 
iiifi|«vtii»n iif hi« imtn*'«tiali* •i>miiianil i>n the loft lUy <>f «*\«'ry month. 

)I«IT. FJu-h ih'iMrtmt'nt ••unman'lrr will aniuMmii* in iinli'n* annually th«* |M*riiMl 
iif th«* yi*ar t** U* )Z\\vu !•• pr.ii*ti(-al in^tnirtiou in ilrill ami iith«>r tiiilitar\ f\t*n'iitua, 
pn*wnbintr thi'ir • barn'tiT an«l thf tinu* to In* •lt*viitt^l thfn*to. He will al<M> itiyig- 
natea|M'n>Ml **( four i ••n*4i-iittve m<inthr* in ••tt<-h %«'ar fi»r tlH-ctri'tical inHtnictitm, 
iui|«rti'«l ill l%i*«-um«i nr by hiiiiri**, n^-itatii»nf*. iir otlHT mi*thiiiU, to U* triven twice 
••ai'li w«-«'k ilunnic thi* |H*riiH| ilfr^iirtiatiil. l-jnh nviiiH'ntal i-iMnnuimler « ill vuiN'r^'iM* 
tile inKtnu-titiii itf tht* ntliiiTH uiiil<*r Ilia immi*i|iali* oiiiiman<l, an<l ttwU |hi*^ <-oni« 
maiiiliT that of nvitiu'tttal oltiivn*i>f hif* i^ifniuMtuI mho an* alM'nt fn*m the )h«i|« 
i|iiart«'ni **f thfir n'^in-iiivi* nnritiu'Titj*. F^ b i-iMiiiiuny cvtititiLindi-r t« n*«|M<ii«iMi* fiir 
tin* pnM'tii'al ariil tbti>n*tii-Hl inMnu tt«*n ••( In- hiiniiMiiuii*?>ii»ni'«l ••ttii'«*ni. Thi<«^» 
«iiitifl« will In* Nil |«*rfonn««l af* Uiit U* intfrfi'n* mith pni|N*r nM an^l ni-n'atiiin. 



40 RKGIMENTAL STAFF OFFICERS. 

94fl. Upon tho lant day of S('ptenilH*r and Man'li of imvh year commamiing ofii- 
cers of coniiianieH will forward to their regimental comnianderH re|)ort8 showung the 
chanu*ter and H(H>pe of iiuiitnirtion im(>art4Ml during the previous nix nionthB, the 
number and kind of drilK &nd nunihi*r of refutations with average attendants thereon. 
Regimental nmimanderH will forwani almtractd of tliene re)M)rti4 through military 
channels to the Adjutant-! leneral of the Anuy f«)r the infonnatiou of the Comman<ling 
General. 

ti59. Field ofru'<»rH of the line of the Anny are ainHigned by the department or 
other commander to ntationn or eommandn when* their «»r\'i<"eH an* mowt re<iuire<l, 
provide*! troops of their own n^iments or eor|)fl art* wrving thert^ Lieutenant-i'ol- 
onels and majors on duty at stations an* assigniNl to provisional l)attali«)ns by |KjHt 
commanclers. 

ti60. The regimental staff oflioers are appointtni fnim the captains, and consist 
of the atljutant, tlie quartermaster, and the trommissary, and they will Ix* so <lesig- 
nate<i, respectively; they are apiK)inte<i by the regimental commander, who will at 
oncerei)ort hisairtion to the Adjutant-<Teneral; theap|M)intmentsof thequart«*rmaster 
and the commissary are to be made subject to tlie approval of the 8e<'retary of War. 
The liattalion staff officers are appointed from the lieutenants and consist of tlie 
atljutant an<l the quartermaster and (x>mmissary, and they will l>e designated as the 
l)attalion (or squadron) adjutant and as l>attalion (or s<iua<lron) (iuartennastc*r and 
commissary, respiH^tively; they are appointe<l by the regimental mmmander u|>oq 
the recommendation of the battalion commander. When a Imttalion is detatrhetl 
and ser\'ing at such a distanin.' from regimental headquarters that more than fifteen 
days an* re<iuirtHi for exchange of corres|X)ndence by mail, the l)attalion staff otficvre 
are ap|M>inte4l by the battalion conmian«ler, who will immediately notify the regi- 
mental commander and the Adjutant-Creueral. Ap)M)intments of staff oHicers will not 
Ih* antedate<l and will take effect on the dav on which actuallv made; the otficvr will 
\h* entitle<l to the ]iay pertaining to his appointment from the date he enters uiMm 
duty umler it. 

tmi. H<*gi mental staff otlicers may hold the same otru*e for four yt^rs ami l»at- 
tali«m staff offici.*rs for two years, and n<t longi*r. They will not In* eligible for a 
se(*ond tour, nor for apiM)intment or reappointment, except to serve an unexpired 
term; but the time an adjutant or quartermaster may have previously s(*rve<l on the 
regimental staff with the rank of lieutenant, and any |)i*ri(Ni a lieutenant may have 
servcMi as a l>attali(m staff officer, will not \w includinl in computing the four yean 
for which he may si^rw on the regimental staff as a captain. 

ti6d. All staff a]>iM)intments in a n*giment are restricteil to the otlitvrs <>i; duty 
with it and who an* not starving at a schtsil of in.Mtruction. Should the n*giii entai 
<*ommaiider dmn> to apiM>int an al)eent officer to the n*gimental staff he may apply 
for onlers for the alisent officer to join, but the officer must join lx»fon» the apix>int- 
ment can Ix* ina<le. 

363. The adjutant, under the dinN'tion i»f the n'gimental commander, will have 
chargt* of the various rfjsters of serviiv; he will make, publish, an«l verify all details, 
kiSp the ni'onls of the n>gimeiit, and {xTfonn such military duties with tnnqis as 
are n*<)uinMl by n*gulations. Thnuigh him the n*gimentai conunander (*ommunicati>8 
with the t)tfiiH;rs and men tif his ittmniand. 

tl64. The adjutant should Ix'courtetius to and on friendly tenn.*» with the officers 
«)f thec<»miiiand he n*pn's<'nts, and will avoid all disi'ussions of the onlers or military 
c(m<luct of his suix*nors. He should inform himself uiMin all {Munts of military 
usage and etiquette, and on pro|x*r occa.>«ions ai<l with his a<lvi(V and ex]x*rienc(* the 
suUiltenis <»f the n»giment, especially tho^e just entering the wrvii-e. He will 
endeavor at all times to exert the influenct* Ix'longing to his station in sustaining the 
reputation, disi-ipline, and harmony of the regiment. 



RKUIMKNTAL STAFF ^BKOOBDH. 41 

9#4. Th«* ailjiitaiit, «|nart(*niiaHtt*r, aii<l 4*<miiiiiM«ry an\ iindor th«* nintiM*fiUi1 
i^iiiiiiiaiKlt'r. ni4|MiiiHi)»U* for tin* diM'iiiliiM* aii<l «*tlU*i<*nry of tht* ii(inii»iiiiiiMiioiit*il 
fftaff aiiti l»aii(i. 

a K #« Tli«* i|iuifl<*niia«<t4*r in n^iMmnibU* for all qiiartc*niuiHt4*r'H wipplUtt of tlu* reyn- 
nietit, aii«l may U* n*t|uirf«i to |N*rfonii th<* ilutU-sof 4|uart4*niiai<ter of tlu* |Mi«*t where 
h<* iH Htatioiietl. Thi* (-oiiiiiiii««ry in n4«|Mmriil»U* for all HiilHb<t«*iut* Hiipplitw i>f tlie 
ninni«*iit, ami may U* nN|iiin*<l U* |N*rfonii tli«* diiticti of (i»iiimii«ttry of tin* inmC 
wlifH' lit* iH )4tutiom'«i. 

MIT. A niriiiKMital Htaff otiiivr may U* ait*i)ni«*<l t4» <liity with a nmifiaiiy or to any 
i«taff <hity whi«'h hit* n*^m«*ntal «i*iiiiiian<i<*r may iiii|MiM*. A Iwttalion Htaff ortWi*r w 
iqihj«««*t to any tliity wliirh tht* <*«imman<lini; otti«vr may im|MiM*. 

)MI<>I* Th«* r«*}rini<Mital non(*<»iiimiMHiom*<l Htaff ottltvn* ronniMt of thi* Herv«*ant- 
iiiajor, I hi* •|iiarti*niiaKt«T-M*iv«'uiit, iui«l two «i»lor-M'neeaiitH aD«l an* apiM>intf«l hy 
thi* n*^iiii«*iital <-omman<l(*r. Tht* luttalion nom'vimmiffritomNl Ktaff ollWvn' an* tht* 
Inttalitiii Hi*nf«'3iiit*mAJor>«, aii<l will U* mt <l(*i4iKiuit4*«l. They an* a|»|Miint(*<l hy the 
ntnmnital nmimaiKicr ii|miii the n'<*ommi*iiilatioii of the liattali«m 4H>miiiaii<ler. 
Whfii a luttulioti in il«*ta«*h(*«l and f«i*r%'inK at Hiirh a <li}(tan<v fn>m n*inniental hcml- 
qiiurtrn' that mun* than tifte«*n tlayn an* nNininil for exchan^* of «i»rrei«|N»ntlen(v hy 
mail, tht* lialtali'ni niincommirtHiomHl ntafl otlhvn*are ap|H»int«*<l hy the liattali«>n 
4i>mmanih*r, whu will immc<liat«*ly n«»tify the nirimental mmniaiider. Vml'U mmeiMn- 
min*ii*nttl Htaff titliifr will U* funuHhctl with a warrant, HiinH*<l hy the titfhvr making 
thf apiMiintiiit-nt anil <'iiiuit«*n*i^itHl )>y the ailjutaiit. Tin* ap|M»intment takti* effeet 
on tht* ilay n|M>ii which it ii* ma^h*, an<l the warrant may In* 4i»ntinue«l in fonv u|)on 
flif-«-haiv«' anil n***nliHtmfnt, if nvnlintment lie niaile on the <lay following; <li}««'hariet*; 
fai'li rifnliMtnt'iit an«l omtinnant-e may U* iiottii on the warrant hy the ailjntaiit. 
An\ ii<in<**iinmi}«>i«in«*4l Maff otiiivr niav In* nihiee*! t** th«* rankn l»v tht* M*nt4*n<v i»f a 
ttinrt-niartial. or hy imler tif tlu* <i>mman<l<*r having; authority to ap|Munt mifh non- 
ii»ninii^iiitii*il •il!i<*fr. Nunt'iimmiA'iom'al Htaff otliivrn will pn*ferahly In* Hi*ltvtt*«l 
fn«m till* notifiiiiitiiiM*i«>ntil •i!Hf't*rH of tin* n*i;imt*nt m«iHt tliHtin)0)i*'hi*<i for etfi('it*ney, 
irallantrv. .in<l ««ililifrl\ U'arin^. 

)i#1l. At military |ii«<t«i aii<l ntationn anil in tht* ti(*lil the n*Kinit*ntal evmimiwaritw 
ami n*;;imi*ntal •-•>mmi?4Kiry Ht*n^'antK of cavalry an<l infantry n*innit*ntH will |M*rfonn 
tht* nt*t-«-M^ry work i^f thfir n*H|i«<«-tivf* otliei*H in the HiiliHiHtt*n«v <tt*|iartni«*nt at the 
Htationo ••( fhf hi*ai|ipiartt'rH of tlifir nnrimfiitH, and no (*«immif««r\* Hi*r|{«'aiitH of the 
ir«'nt*nil **taff «iill U* af<^ik'n«*<l to |MiHtH at whit-h tht*n' in a n*)nnifntal Iit*ail4iiarteni, 
t*Xfvpt ntiih'r inni-tial iiinilitiont>. 

)ITO. Till* pnhlii- pni|H*rty |it*rtaininir to tht* hfail'jiiartfrH of tht* nvinit*nt mill Iw 
markt**! **1I i^.." nitli urin ami numU'r itf nviin«*iit; tht* f«|uipnM*ntit in |M M <' w i<jD 
of ihi' n'*ti('t>mmiwiont^l -taff. n*thn)fntal notii'oinriii*««iont*<l otfi«i*rH. and Imnd will 
In* markfl "N. C. S." '"N. <\," ami " ll;iii«l.*' n*!-i«i'tivi*ly. ami with tht* ann and 
numlifr of tin- nirinifnt an*! iif the man to %khi>m tin* artirlfH an* inHUvtl. 

ii»:i.iMi:.\T\i. i(t:i^>Kiw. 

SITI. IC«vim«*i>tal ni-opN will t'on«if*t iif an ordi*r UHik. a lt*tti*rH'n*tt*ivt*<l iMmk. an 
imifx l>«*k lor |i-ttfr> niriviil. a lftti-r>-«ifnt iHHik, an inilrx Imok for lt*tti*n< Hi*nt, 
ami a nvmn-tital fiui>t U«<k. furnii»liitl hy tht* i^iuirtfrnwHttT'> I^*|iar1mt-nt: aduM'n|»- 
ti%4' ImhiL. fnmi-hi^l hy tin* \iljiitant*<M*n«'rul **i tht* Army; all on|i*n«, i-intilan*. ami 
iii-tnii tion- fnnii lui'hrr authority, ropu-ptiif tht* nninthly n'tnniji. muHtt*r rolln of tht* 
tiflil. «*taff. ami Uinil, iithi-r rwniifntal n'tiirnf and n-|M»rtF. and all mrn-iMimlfiitv 
c*omi*niinkr thf nvnu^'nt *»t afftiiin^ iti> |M-r-otiiH-l. 

SiTSl. All iinlfrnanil nn nlar^ fmni tin* ll«*;iil'iiuirti'p*of tli«* Anny. ortif tht* fi>r|«i, 
«livi«ion, hritrailt*, or turrit iirial •lt*|«irtmi*nt in m-hieh Ihi* nirniifnt naiy l»*MT\ni|C, 
will U* lilt^l lu bunk funn and imU*Xf*il an auoa an rfvuiveil. 



42 BANDS — TRUOl'S* BATTEK1E8, AND COMPANIES. 

BAND8. 

9T3. The ImukIs of cavalry nviinontH and of the Artillery CoT\)e shall vm'\\ (xiu- 
mtst of ono chief iniiHician, one chief tniiii|)eter, one principal niUHiciau, one dnim 
major, four Rer|i|:eant8, ei^^ht eoriK>ralH, one cook, and eleven privatet). 

9T4. The Itandn of infantry regiments and the engineer hand Bhall each consist 
of one chief niu>4ician, one principal musician, one drum major, four sergeants, eight 
ctiriMiralH, erne cook, and twelve prix-ates. 

!iTft* The non(^mmissioniHl otiicers of regimental Immls will l)e appointed hy the 
regimental (*ommanders, u|>on the riH^mmendation of regimental atijutants, under 
the name eonditions prescril)e<l in |iaragraph 2H8 for the noncommiHsione<l staff of 
the regiment. The noncommissione<i otticers of the engineer Iwnd will Ix' appointed 
hy the commanding otlici'r of the Itattalion with which the liand is 8er\'ing; the 
noncommissioned offici^rs of the artillery l)an(is will ))e apiK)inte<i hy the (xmmiand- 
ing oilicers of the ]K)sts at which they are stationed. 

ti76. When a regiment cKrupies several stations the liand will l>e kept at head- 
quarters, provide<l one or more companies \h* serving there. The field musicians of 
(*om))anies will not t)e sei)arate<l therefrom. The artillery and engineer bands will 
be ar«igne<l to stations hy the Secretary of War \i\Hm the recommen<lati<m of the 
Chiefs of Engineers and Artillery, respectively. 

377. Musical instruments, mentioni^i in i)aragraph 1326, extra parts therefor, 
and etjuipments for bands will t)e furnished by the Quartermaster's Department 
Musi(al instnmients other than those al>ove referre<l to may be purchasi*<l fn>m 
available regimental funds. The tiuartennaster will U' actiuintable for Imnd instru- 
ments fumishe<l by the Quartenuaster*s Department; the a<ljutant for those pur- 
chase<l from the n^gimental fund. 

tl7ll. Regimental commanders will notify the Ailjutant-Creneral of the Army 
direct when lield or liand musicians are nsiuire<l. 

979. Comnuuiding «>(licers will n*<iuire Imnds to play national and patriotic aire 
on appmpriate <K;iu(<ions. The playing of a national or [latriotic air as a (Mirt of a 
medley is prohibite<l. 

ABTICLE XXZn. 

TkOOI'S, BATTCniES. AND OiMi'AXlB^ 
OFPICEKS AND NON(*OMMISHlONKl> o/MtKliS 

tlNO. Captains, alth«>ugh eligible for detail in the staff and for appointment as 
aids an«l regimental staff otlicers, and liable to the tv:ni>orary details of servi(*e, 
will n<»t, except for nrgi*nt n^asons, U* <letachi><l fn>ni their com]ianies. 

tIMI. The ntmmanding oflicer of a c<mi|>any is resiMMisible for its apiM*anui<v, «lis- 
cipline, and efliciency; for the cjin*and pn^»rvati(»n of itsi-iinipntent; for the projHT 
|>t»rfonnamv of duti«'s ronmvttNl with its sulwistencv, pay, clothing. aciNumts, n'jMirts, 
an«l returns. 

SIMtl. In the al»HMi4V of its captain, the conunand of a <'oni|iany devolves u|H)n the 
sulialtern next in rank who is ^«(*rvin^ with it, unU*ss otherwist* siHN'ially dins'ted. 

tIftSI. In the alisi'iiee of all the otlicv^rs of a comjtany, the |>or<t mniinantler will 
assign an oHiivr. pn»fenibly of tlie same nnrinient, to its command. If then* U* no 
otfuvr available, the fact will lie re]Mirte«l to the deimrtinent eomniaiider. 

9lN.|. Captains will ntjuin* their lieutenants lo lutsist in the |N>rf<innanei* of all 
c«»m|iaiiy duties, in«*hiding the keeping of n*«*onls and the pn*iKinition of the neciitH 
sary ri'iM>rt.*< and returns. 



TROOPS, BATTKKIES, AND COMPAKIE8. 43 

M4. Non«'nininiivioni'<l «)tficvn4 will U* can^fiilly M^hniiMl aiid ini4nM*t«Hl, ami 
alwavH im|i|Mirt(««l l»y (i»iii|iaiiy n»nitiuui4lcr!« in tho |>ni|N*r |ii*rf(iniiai]4v i»f tlirir «liitii*i«. 
Th«*y mill nnt U* <li*Uiil«t| for «iiy duty imr |K*niiitt(*tl to i'Iikmki* in any «xtni|Mitioa 
in«iitii4(<t4*nt with tlu*ir rank ati*! |N««ition. Otfitx^n* will U* «iiutioUH in i\*|»rLiviiiK 
thvtu in tho |im«i*niv or hearing; «if privatt' Hol«lit'n«. 

9lti6. (*oin|4iny noniiiiiiniiM^ione«l otrnvn* un> upiminteil l»y nviniental «*<)ni- 
nian<l<*rH, «ir hy liattalion <*oniniantl(*rH nn«lfr tli<* «*«in(litioni* Mattel in |Hini|rni|»li t^M, 
on th«* ntiininitMidatiim of thoir coniimny n»innian«U*n«; Imt in no 4<aiii* will any mm- 
|auiy oneanization liav«* an vxffHH of noncoinniiM'ionc*! i»tli«vr»< aUiv<* that all«»w«*«l 
bv lam. 

* 

9|fiT. Tit t<*?«t the (<u|ia«Mty of privat4.*f* for the «luti<« of nono>niniii«ii«im*(l oHUvm 
r«ini|«iny i-oniniandorx iiiay ap|M>int lamv f*or|Minilf(. mho mill hold Kuch ap|Mitntnu*nt 
Dot to cxii'^il thni' luontlij*, an<l m'ill U' oU*y(><l and re9«|N*<*t4*«l ai* c*«ir|ii)rali<. The 
apfiointnifnti*, mith the appn»val of tht* nviincntal. iHint, or lAttalion (^vmuiuuxler. 
niay U* n'nfmi'tl for thnn* months. iMit no coniiiany nliall haw in«>n» than on«* lance 
cnfi^'nil t>t tt tinii*. nnk*M« then* ar«* iionf'«Muniii«<ion<*«l otlitvn< alM*nt hy authority, 
4lurinir whirh alMMicvf there nuiy U* om* fi>r eai*h alM^ntiv. I^ncv coqMiralfi hohlinir 
rpnem«><l ap|»i»intnieiit«i an* on the Hanie f<M>tin); reuunlin); n*<luetion m* fi»r|M)ralii. A 
lAn«vii»r]Hiral holdinif a tirnt apfiointnient mill m'«*ur the unifonn of a private mith a 
ehevpfU having; om* har of Uuv or hmid; if holding; a ivnem'iMl api^iintnient he m'ill 
mear the iinif«inu of a I'ltriHiral. exivpt that the fhevmii mill liave Imt one liar of latv 
or hraid. 

SiHta. The eaptain mill M*l«i't the fir>«t Henn'ant from the M*rp*ant«t of hin mniiiaiiy, 
auil may n*tuni him to the irnnle i»f MTfipiint mithout n*fen*n«v to higher authority. 

)|49. Vju'U nonti»mmi»«*ioni'«l (ttliivrmiJl U* furniHh«*il m'ith a ivrtitieate or mar- 
rant iif hif rank. Htrnt*d hy the othivr making the ap|Miiiitnit*nt. and «*iiunten«iKne«l 
hy thf ni I jutunt: hut a w|i:ir.iie mummt a*' first !-<*iv«'sint, i|uartenuai«ter-w*r|{«'ant,(>r 
Htahlf— « ri^'ant mill n<it U* ipiven. A marnuit i*4«n«*4l to u noiiiiinnniwiom**! otthvr ia 
hif* i^'pNtfial pmiNTty. WarrunfT* mitl not U* n^nemttl in ranei^of nt'U hutment in the 
Muni* «*i»m|4iny. if refulif'tnieiil in made th«* da\ follomin^ the day of dinehann*, lait, 
U|ion revpiii-t. may n-maiii in fonv until vaeat«^l hy promotion orn*fluf'tion.eiK'h nvn- 
liMnifUt ami iiiiitiiniani'c to U* imtiil on themarrant hy the eoniiiany conunanih'r. 

ti#0« ApiMiintuifUtj- t»f nim|4iny niin<*ommiM!>ion«-«l iitrwvn* mill take vHwX on tlie 
day of ap|Hiiiitiii«*nt liy the authiiriz«*«l rummiinih'r. and of iin*t Herveantt*. ipiarti^r- 
ma^t••r••^•rtf«'ant^. Mahh'-^Tveant''. ontk'^. artitiifr*. farrier^ an<l hluekitmilliH, Haihllem, 
mak;i*iH*rH. nni-i* iaii** iiiid tnmi|H>ien> • n tin* day tif a} |«>iiilment hy th«* i*<im|«uiy 
ii*mmanili'r: hut in «-;tiM* of va«':ini'y in a iiimiKiny in the lirlil atiil alwnl fnmi nip- 
niental h«nii|<|iiarti>r>. a mm|H«iiy •- •tiiin.indfr may maki' a tem|H»rary ap|iointnN*nt of 
a non<iimmi^-iiinc«l •i!li<i'r. mhiih. if approvf«l hy thi* niriniental mmmaniler. mill 
«-arry rank an<! |«iy fniui thf ilat** <•( »n<-h ap|«iintmfiit. 

)l#l. A n«inf-tinuni"^i«ini*il ••tliifr ma\ U' n^limil X** the nink*« hv Ncntt*n«i* of a 

m 

11 iiirt -martial. <ir on tin* n'«-iimtiii'nilati<in ••( fh«* f-<iiiiiiiin%' f-i>minanil«'r. h\ \Uv tinier 
«•( the* oitnmandi'r havini; authority ti»ap|M'itit mui h nMtii-iimmif«*i<itif4| uttii^T. IhiI a 
ni»ni'iiititiii(«>iiitii*il ••tliif-r mill tiiit U* ri-<liii«'il Ui-aiiM*- t*i aliM«*nii* on a«-«iiunt of Niek- 
riew. i*r injury i*«intrai ti^l in ih** linf<if ihitv If ntliin^l tn tin* rank- hv •i<'fit«*fiii* f>f 
i-«turt-tii;iriial at a iHr-t rint tin* hi-:i«l«|Uartfn* •»( hi* nvinifut. the (i*m|t.iny *-ommafiiler 
mill fi'rmanl a fniii<NTipt iff tin* onlfr tii flu* nvuiK'ntal rMtninanilfr Thi' ih*M*rti«in 
• if a niini-iimmio^i««ii(«l ••Itii^'r \.i<'at«-» hi* |>ti*itii*ii ••u thi- ilali* *•( •h-M-rtiiiii. 

)l#)l. Mil haiiii'*'. •«->k-. farriiTk ;iiii| hl;M k**mil)i", artihi-t-r*. ^aihllfr-. matf*ineni, 
ti<*M mu*>i«-iafe*. and tniiii(H-ttr> ari* i nh-ti'^l a*^ pri\.iti-. and aftt-r jinniiik' thfir i-oni- 
|anit« an* ap|p>iiiti-<| hv thi-ir ri-*)f« tt\i- •••miaiiy i-i<riiiiiaiidiT-. f<*r iiM'ttif M-in-y or 
aiiMiiiithii't thf\ an* •uliiii i in ri-<hii ii<*ii h\ tin- ••.inn- ,itilh«irit\ . 



44 COMPANY BOOKS — INTERIOR ECONOMY OF COMPANIES. 

993. A soWier may, when neowwarj', Ih» relieve<i from oniiiiary military <luty to 
make, repair, or alter imiformn. The pi)8t council will Ax the ratet) to be chanp*d, 
which will not exceed the c*OHt of doinf? such work at the clothing de)H)t, and com- 
pany commanden* will cauM to be deducted from tlie |Miy of enIiHte<l men and tume<i 
over t() the pn)|H?r party the amount projierly due therefor. The pn)viHionH «if this 
])arafattpli will l>e confltrued to apply to civilian tailore, an well as to enlisted men 
detaile<l for that duty by pn>|)er authority. 

IX>MPANV BOOKH AND RBCX)Kne. 

394. The company reconlH will ccm8i8t of: A com|>any onler liook, a l)<»ok of 
lettern ret'eivtni, an index of letterH rtnvive*!, a lKM>k of lettern m»nt, an index of letters 
Hent, a company (council lxH)k, fluppliinl by the (jnartennaHter^n Dei^artment; a nick 
report l>ook, a com])any clothin^^ Inxik, a morning re)>ort lKM>k, a d<*H<*riptive and 
de|)08it l)ook, and a duty nM<ter, Hupplie<l by the Adjutant-Cveneral; alM> forat^cmi- 
pany of cavalry or light artillery, a descriptive lxx»k of public animalH, funuMhe<l by 
the QuartennaHter'8 Department. A record of vaccmatiouH will Ih' entenxl in the 
descriptive anti depotnt book. The rec<ini« will alno contain orders and iiiHtrui^ious 
receive<i from higher authority, retaintnl copien of the variouF n>llH, re]N>rtM, and 
returns required by regulationnand exinting ordern, and all letters ami correspondence 
affecting the jx^rsonnel of the c(mi])any. Copies of onlers entere<l by first wrgeants 
in com))any onler l>ooks will lie attested by the atljutant. 

!i95. The reconls of eai*h company or detachment will contain full infoniiation 
resjH^cting all (luartennaster's supplies, showing list of articles, date of nntiipt, fnmi 
whom receivt»<l, and name of officer who signe<l memorandum rtHvipt therefor; also 
an ai'count of all articles turned in, expen<le<l, stolen, lost, or dtujtniyed; and the 
comjiany or detachment commander will quarterly, and when relinquishing liis 
(xjmmand, have a settlement with the quartermaster. 

INTEKIOR KX.'ONOMV OK COMPANIES. 

996. Comiiany, l>and, and detachment c<mmianders will make a completi* inspec- 
tion of their organizations under anus every Satunlay. They will itlso make a daily 
ins]>e(*tion of the men's quarters and kitchens, giving particular attention to cU*anli- 
mfv and the pro|H*r pn>(Miration of food, and n<»ting whether all lanqis in ust* have 
iH'en ('leaned, filliHU and made n>a<ly for lighting, U'fon* <lark. No one will be 
excuse<l from Satunlay insiK^tion exct^pt the guanl and the sick in hospital. Cavalry 
and fieM artillery will habitually Ih^ insitected mountinl. 

397. The com|»any f-ommander will <*ause the enliste<l men of the <*om|«ny t«i l>e 
numU'HMl anddivide<l into four stpiafls, each umler thechargt^ of a noncommissionini 
ottUvr. .\s far as practicable the men of each S(|ua<l will U* <iuartere4l together. 

tl9N. In quarters the name of each sol«lier will Ix^ atlachetl to his bunk, anus will 
\n.* kept in racks, Iwyonets in their 8<'abl)anls. Airoutrements and saU'rs will lie 
hung up by the lielts. 

!i99. Strict attention will \h* {laid by comi»any commanders to the cU^anlincss of 
the men and to the |N)lici* of Uirnu*ks or tents. The men will )h' nN{uinNt to t»athe 
fre«|UiMitly. The hair will U» kept short and the In-anl neatly trimmiNl. S)iled 
clothing will U* kept in the l>arrack Iwg. 

300. A thonjugh |H)li(v of Ijarracks will pnitsle the Satunlay insini-tion. The 
chiefs of stiua<ls will se<* that bunks an«l Unitling are overhauleil, fi<Mirs, tables, un«l 
iMMiches Sf'ounil, arms an<l accoutrements cK*aniMl, and all articles of black heather 
{Mili.MluNl. 

:iOI. C'hi«'fs of S4iuads will Ik* held n's|M»nsible for the cUimlim*ss of their men. 
They will see that th«)Si* who an* to g«) tm <luty put their arms, iUMMmtn'ments, aii<i 
clothing in the lM.yt onler, and tlmt such as have |MUft4es leave the |H>st in pn)|>er dntt*. 



INTERIOR RCONOMY — MESSING AND CNMIKINO. 45 

30)l. Stliliorii will mcar iiiiifonii in camp or )nimi«iii, aii<l will not U* |M*nnitt4««l 
to kii'p ottuT clothinK in thoir |Nitvi*M«ion. When on fatiinM* th«*y will wt*ar iHiitable 
fatiiOH* ilruM*. 

303* Th«*iirtifU*H lM»nuMi|M)n tlu'anniuil priiv tint of rlothini;* pnhliHiuMi inonl«*ni, 
will )m» (*onHi<li*n*<l thv unifonn, an<l no deviation tlu*n*fnini will Im* allow<*<l. 

3IM. (\ini|iuny coniniantU'rH will tttv that all |iuhlir pro|ti>r1y in thf |NirwMii(»n of 
cnlinti'tl ni(*n in ki*|it in )Hifn\ onlcr. an«l that initwintc or daniapil artichv an- duly 
aiTonntiNl f«tr. 

305. (*4ini|iuny i*oniniaJitli*n« ar«* rvfiNinnihU' for ti^xt-lKNikf and other otlioial 
|»uhlit*atit»nH i}«*n<*<l for the iim* of their «'oni|«uiit*»«. 

306. KnliHt«Mi nt«*n will not take their annn afiart extvpt hy |»«*nniwion of a (*oni- 
niiiviotuil ottinT The mutilation of any fiart hy tiliuK or otherwiw, and attemptu t<* 
U-autify or rhan^n* thf tininh. ar«* pmhihitevl. l*ie<t*H will he unl<«ile«l liefon* heinK 
tak«*n til i|uaner>*or tentn. and aKHiNtn m* the men iimnic them ar«* rt*liev<*d from duty, 
unh*M* oth«*rm'iHi> onlentl. The um* <if tompioni* in finall anii»< ir* forbidden. 'I he 
pfohihition in thi«i |«irairniph of attemptii to hi*autify or ehan^* the lininh of anna 
in the handf* <tf enlii«t4*«l men in not <'«mi*tni«'d an forhiddintr the applitntion of raw 
Iint4t*e4| nit tn the winhI {lartii of the arm. Thin oil in conHiden^d neeeitqiry for the 
preM'rvation nf the wimmI, and it may In* iimmI for Hueh |M>ltHhinir an can In* jnven hy 
mlihiuK in **uv or more niatK when nt*<'«'MMary. The urn* of raw linfteetl oil only m'ill 
U* altow«<«l fur n'«lnY4<inK» anil the applitiition for Hurh puqNiM* «»f any kind of wax 
or \aniiHh. ineludinic h<H*lhall. ii« i^ricily pn»hihite<L 

30T. It \ft fitrhii|ih*n Ut um* any dnivintr or fMiliKhinir material on the leather 
au'viMitriMnentH **r «'«|uipnienti( of the wddier. the horne «i|uipmentit for (nvalry, or the 
artillery hani«-HN. e\«*«>pt the pn*|iarati«»nH HUppli4*<l hy the Onlnantv IH*|Hirtment for 
that pur|»i«<«'. 

304. l*^|uiptii«'ntH will U- litte*! tn the men under the din't'tinn of an otfuvr; all 
nthvr rhaiiifi*^ an* pnthihititl. 

3IM. Artirh-* iif puhli«' pni|i«*rty iwikil to a ccimiauiy for itn ex<'luf<ive um* will, 
mhrn pnii-ti<-al>l«\ !•«• niark«'«l with the letter or nunilM*r of the <*(im|iany and numlN*r 
anil anil **i tin* nvinient. Su«*h artirltw if«iui*d t^i an«'nliMte<l man (amiHaiidflothing 
«*xivpf«i| will, tbi far an praiiii'ahlt*. In* mark***! with the numU*r *tt the man. iHter 
i»r nnnilNTiif thfiMitii|ttn>.anilnuiiilH*rof th«*n*irinient. liaven<a4*kHani| hiankft I«icb 
will In* nniiMfiiiiy niark«'«l <»n th«- nutfitle af* fol^lVl^: Cavalry, rnwMil wilierx; infan- 
try. ^n■•^««'«l nth-, with IfttiT nf (*oui|«iiy mUiw and numluT of r«i;ini<'nt U'lnw the 
int<'P«tii<>n. artilh'ry. rnvwil i-anniim* w ith tht* iiuniU-r (if th«' mmiian) or lottery 
ai thf iiitt-piii tiiifi iif thf fannour*; fhf »)i«-«-ial fiir|«* of thf .\riny ai^itmlin^ to their 
r«fi|«i-ti\i- di'vii ii«. Thi* thviirn will tic ntf nciliil in hhn k. th«>ilfviii> li\f imhffi |oii|;, 
uml IftttT* and nuiiilifn* in fiill-faifil «-hur.ii tf n^ on«' im-h hiirh. Thf ilcfi^n will 
U* plait^l »liit\f li-itfn« "I*. S." on (ijuipiiifntf*. and thf miinlif r of thf rmlilifr. in 
fhaRii ti'p* ofif iiif-h hitfh. will U* pla<f<l at thf Uittinu. niar fh«< lowiTfiliri* i*f the 
hliiiktt Uitf. Till* i-iintt-t'n will U* iii.irki-1 with tli«* Ifttfror iiumU'r 'if f hf (-oininiiiy, 
niintt«T ■•! tin- nvHiifiit, and tiiiiuli«*r ■•< thf tiiaii. 

3IO. In (-amp 'ir Uirrnrki*. when* f-orii|4ini«-<« art- fi'«t jiiiii«il in a tp-nfml tiuxw, a 
r<ini|«n> I'litninari'lfr will ••ii|ifr\ i"** thf <i->kirik' anil im^i^imr '^f hi« lufti. Hi* will 
N^* that lii« •*«irii|«ifi\ i^ ppivnli'il with at If.t-I iwi* •-••pii-* iif tin* >fiitiiLil f'^r .\niiy 
<'«M*k-*. and that -uitaMf in«-ii in -tilti* uiit nuiiiU r* an- fully in«tnii tt^l in iiuinifttrini; 

and <*iH»kiiik; thf r.i1i*>ii in thf tii-ld, al"«t that tm i-«*i.ir\ i:tiri«il- in ■«r\iifa>>l tuli- 

Uofi an* alwa%f* on han^l. toirfthfr with thf tifld iiit— • t'lrnitun' fi*r f ai h nian. At a 



46 KITCHENS — COUNCILS OV ADMINISTRATION. 

post when', all the companieH are joine<l in a >i^iieral inesR, the pfipt cdmniaiuler will 
see that the instruction ahove mentioned in jdven. At Huch a post a company com- 
man«ler will confine hin suiK^rviHion of the ine^ts of his (Nmiimny to ol)ser\'ation and 
to notifying the officer in chaive in writing; of anything; nnjuirin}; reme<iy. Should 
this officer fail t*) apply projKT renie<ly, niport may then Ik* made to the |M>st c<>ni- 
mander. A deiiartment commander will see that each comjiany of his (.*ommand 
has the neix^ssary field practice ea<'h year. 

311. Kitchens will l)e plai*e<l under the immediate charge of noncommissioned 
offi(rers, who will \h* held responsihle for their condition and for the pn)|>er use of 
rations. No (me will lie allowinl to visit or riMnain in the kitchen exc(*pt th(»se wlio 
go then» on duty, or are employi»<l then*in. The gri'attvt cart» will be ol>served in 
cleaning and scouring cooking utensils. 

31ti. Si>ecial regulations for soldiers' fare («n not 1h> made to suit each ItK'ality 
and cinnunstance. Personal care and judgment on the |>art of com|Miny officers are 
n^litKl on to prevent waste or misuse. Ry due e<fmomy some part of the ration can 
be saved and sohl, and the pnH'ee<ls appliinl to provide ad<litional articles of diet. 

313. The Manual for Army C(X)ks contains mmprehensive instnictions in cook- 
ing, which will lie oliservitl as far as practicable'. 

314. The fcMMl of prisoners will l)e sent to their places of connnement when prac- 
ticable, but ]>ost ix>uniianders may arrange to send jirisoners, under pro|»er guani, to 
tlieir nietees. 

31ft. Kitchen and table wan* and mess furnitun' will U' supplie<l by the Quarter- 
master's Deiiartment. Allowanct^ will Ih* announctnl in orders. Post cominanderB 
will enfon'e rigid economy in reganl to such projKTty. Articles bmken, l<ist, or 
damagtHl will Ik* chargi*d to individuals at fault. Such proi)orti<ins of (rom|)any 
allowanci>s of fuel, illuminating supplies, bn>oms, and KTubbing bnishesas may be 
necessary for the service of a general mess will Ih.» allottinl by the i)ost commander. 

316. In the tiehi the m(*ss furnitun> of a soldier will Ih' limitiMl to one tin cup, 
knife, fork, and simmiu, and such deviiv for in«lividual c< Hiking as may be furnished 
by the Onlnance lX*i>artment. 

ABTICLE XXXTTT. 

0)i'xcii>« c»F Administration. 

31 T. Post, ]HiHt exchange, comi>iiny, and mess numcils of administration are 
aMsembl(><l to audit the luikcry, exchange, comiKiny, and mcs.** fumls, nviHM'tively, to 
ascertain and examine the s<»un*es fn>m which, and mcthtMls by which they have 
atvnuHl, and to nH'ommendex|ienditun*s tht*n'from. lN)st ojunrils un» also <>alle(i to 
ilelilN>rate uiM»n and r(H*ommend action, within the limits allow(*<l by n'gulations, 
u|M)n such subj<H*ts affirting the welfan* and ei^onomy of the ]H»st a.^ c<»mmanding 
oHi«i'rs may submit to them. The jiost tn'UsunT, iMtt*t excbangi'<»nieer, ami cimipany 
commanders an», nviHt'tively, the custtHlians of the l>ak«'ry, exchangi*, ami <Tomi)any 
fumls. 

3 IN. ("omiKUiy, \Hnt\ exehan^* iHikery, and other funds anthonze<l by ]»anigraph 
'M7 will, if de|>osite«l in bank. Ih* phmnl uiiiler theiroilieial designation, as. for exam- 
pie, C4im|Mny Kund. ('oni|iany H, Twenty-lir^t Infantry, and n»»t to the cntlit of the 
otrnvr who ismstiMlian. 

When such deiNtsit is ma^le there will U* tileil with the Imnk otlicial copit*s of the 
onlers making the ollio-r cust<Mlian. hi?- signature (vrti!i<*«l to by the next higher 
(*ommand4*r, and a i*opy of this n^gulatiMH. 

An ottirer sueifiHllng to the eustiMly nf .-iich fumls will tnmsmit to the Imnk, 
through the next higher commaniler, his f'ignatun* anil dated oHicial copii*s i)f bia 



COUKCIL8 OF ADMimflTRATlON. 47 

aiithnrity, whicli <l«*|iartiiH*tit nrilivmoti <'oriinuin«l«'rH will verify if ni nHjiiivtefl by 
Uk* liaiik. 

319. i >n the laHt <1ay «>f vtu'U (|iuirt4T, iiti«l whi'ii niT«f*«ry. t)i<' p.iKt. iHN*t rxriianiri*, 
and }si*iH*rul iii«*h«* (iMinrilf* will In* (*iinvi*ii«*«l by tho |N.ist omiiiiHfHlt'r. aii«1 tli«* n»iii> 
|«uiy oitinril hy tlir niiii|«iny fi>iiitiiaii«li'r. Tli«' iiH'f^i ami «*xrliatiK«* miiiirilM nJH 
ali«> iiu^*t at tilt' <'all of tlH*ir |>nt(ifU*iiti<. Tlio |Mi?<t mtmril will niiiMixt of tin* thn*e 
oirifvn* oil* lilt y at tli<* |KR4t next in rank to tlu*n>tiitiiaii<U*r, or of af4 many an an> avail* 
aliU*. if Utm tlian tlin*<\ If only the«i»niiiiaiiilin};oiti(vr Im* pifHiMit. lit* mill act. Tlu* 
|M«it vxf'lianp' coiinril will c<iniiii<t of thnn* otfliiTH, viz, tlu* otfitvr in rliarp'of the 
(*xc*han^*aii(l two(*oni|iany c*(>ninian«lcrH4l«*tailt*«i liy ro«*trr, or. mlicn tliiri \i* inipnu'ti- 
falilt*. till* oxchanp* t^ounril will U* (imHtitntiHl ;t*i |»r«f4i*nUHl for tlio |Mirit (iiunril. 
Tlu* nini|iany munril will (imHii«t of all otfioTr* |in«Hi*nt for tiiity with the (*oin|mny, 
an<l tluMni^flN itHim-ilof tht*i'<miniandi*n«of tlu* M'voral (■(»in|ianit*H |4irti('i|iatinK in the 
gi*n4*ral uu-hh. 

39i9* Tlu* junior ni4*niU*r of cafh «*«»unril will n*<*<»nl it^ pnM\*€*(linipt in an appro- 
priate* ))(M»k, to inchitif* a writt(*n (vrtifimtfl* (»f tlu* nfiNmHihli* «ilti(vr that tlu* futnla 
an* on (li*iMif«it in a n*|H]tahle liankinir inntitution nanuil in tlu* ivrtitimte*. ora rtatt*- 
nu*nt that thry liav<* Ui*n i*xhil»it4il to the* council, which pHNXHtlinjcn mill U* Ki^nuM 
hy tlu* prcxidcnt an«l ri'v'onlcr. Tlu* |NH(t or other «*otiuiian<h*r m*ill n^inin* tli«* pn>- 
cii^linipt to In* k<*pt an thii« n*trulation prcMTiU"!* and mill (l«*«'i<l«* diMa)mvnu*ntK in 
tluM* f»f i*(»ni|4iny n>uncilt<. TIiok* «if tlu* {Mint, exchange, and nicwt c«*uncili« mill lie 
mihniittctl to tlu* |M«it or «>ther (*oninmndcr, mho mill ni^nk hin approval or uhj«*i'tion 
in tlu* nmncil UNik. Slionhl tlu* |MiHt or other ("(miniamlcr di.sapprovc tlu* pnNfv«l* 
inipi, and tlu* ci»uncil. alt4*r nitmHideration. adhcn* to itit c«in«'lnHionr*, a t-opy of the 
pr«N *«•<•< linp< mill U* wnt hy the «*oniniandin^ otfitvr to the de|iartnu*nt mniniamler, 
m-htM.*de«'iHion tlier«*on u|Min all (lueftionf* not involving; iNfuniary nw|iont<il»ility mill 
In* final. l'|ion mich <|iuvtionii ap|ieal nuiy In* taken to the .Svn*tary of War. The 
final onlen* in eai'h «iiw* m ill In* enten*i| in the ciMincil iMNik. 

39il* The|Hi**t muncil mill tix laundry c harpy. prtc««»« cliaiv«'«l hy tnnhi^iiien for 
niakint; and n*|4iiniiK nnifoniiit of enliiiti«ii nien« and. mlien din'«i4'fl. mill Huhniit 
reinilationi* for the |M«it m*1i«h»I. 

3)M« Tlu* citniiiiaiidinir i'tliivr m-h«t approver tin* appropriationn of acfiuncil, and 
in the matter <>f the coni|«ny fund thenim|4inv i-oiiinian<ler. mill In- lieM nii|MinHihle 
for all exiN-nditun-H ntit maih* in acc<»nlan«i* mith nvnlationr*. 

39I3. In iHM* «if low of n*Kini«*ntaI. hakery. exrhantp*. mmi^inv, or nui* fundi*, 
the ci nun iManit*** mill In* can^fully inv<*fititfat<*il and n'|H>rti*«l hy the |MiHt «*i>uncil. 
mith n^-«imm«*ntiation af« to n*fi|MfnHihility. for th«* d(*ciHon of the de|4irtment mm- 
nMUiler. In «7iM- of ap|N*al fmni lii^ a«-tion the |Mi|N>n4 mill !n* form-anle«i to the 
Afljutant-4 n'Moral of the Anuy for the lU^MHon of the War lH*|Mirtment. 



48 FUNDS. 

ARTICLE XXXIV. 

KiXilMKNTAL, BAKRKYf (N>MrANY, AM) MkK8 Fl'MW. 

GENERAL PKOVISIONM. 

394. The piin'hafle from n*vriincntal, Imker}', <*()in|>any, or iiu-hh fiiiidH of any 
articles whioli (*an \m obtainiHl on re<|ui8ition from a mipply (le|»artment in forbidden. 

33ft. No projects by which money will airrue w^ill )>e entere<i u|N>n under tntlor 
of military i*ontrol without tf|»ecific authority from the War I)e|)artment. 

REGIMENTAL FUND. 

3516. Thin fund consists of the grow amounts received on account of the l)and, fn»m 
post exchanf^ profits, voluntar}' contributions, amounts retaineil for re^mental use 
from proceeds of private engagements of the l)and, and from Kale of articles pun'hase<l. 
The adjutant will be the treasurer of the fund, and will disburse it under the direc- 
tion of the regimental c*ommander. A re<H)rd of all re<*eipts and exp(>nditures and a 
complete list of property purchase<l will l)e kept in the regimental fund l>ook. 

BAKERY FUND. 

397. The usual ration of bread is 18 ounces, but the weight of it may be increased 
within the limits of the fiour ration, at the discri*tion of the <Himmanding officer, 
upon the recommendation of the post (*ouncil of administration. Such ixirtion of the 
flour as the irompany commander deems ne<^essary for fcKxl in other forms than 
bread — not exceetiing two ounces i»er ration— may lie drawn by the company. The 
remainder will \}e tume<i into the ;M>st Imkery, and for eac^h ration of flour thus 
tumeii in the company is entitleil to one ration of breari <ir the pri<*(» of one flour 
ration. Savings on the flour ration, ordinarily 33 ]ht (vnt, will l)e dis]>os«Hi of by 
the post treasurtT for the lienefit of the troo|)s; bn^i may U» )>ak«Hl fn>m it for sale 
to civilian employees and others connivte^^i with tht» military st»r\'i(v at the [tost, and 
to post exchanges; the residue of the flour will Ih» H<ild. At the end of every quarter 
the \HrnX council will make an e<]uitable distribution < if the money savings of the 
bakery, and this action, when apprr>ve<l by the i)ost i^ommander, will Ih» final. Sur- 
plus brea<i will be sold only by the l>akery. When enlisteii men or others entith*d 
to ration.«< are allowe<l to mess sei>arately fn)m n)m|>ani(*s or «)rganizations, they will 
not, when flour is iflHue<l to them by the Sulisistemv I)t*|>artment, U* re<iuiriMl to turn 
it into the jHist l>akery, if they prefer the ration of flour to the ration of !»n»ail issued 
then*fn>m, but thev will not Ih' entitlinl to anv share of the Uikerv i>n>fits. The 
savings of flour by trooiis in the fiel<i will l>e cn»<lite<l to the coiniwiny fund. 

3tlM. The Iwkery fuml will )h* under the .MUfMTvision of the |H>st council, an<l will 
lie (H)lle<*te<l and held by the officer ap|M>int4Hl )»y the |M>st oiininander as {MtKt treas- 
un*r, wh«» will also act as {Mist librarian. 

339. Tlie |>ost tn»asurer will o|>en an account with the Uikery fund, and will make 
{layments therefn>ni in pursuamv of siHt'iflc appn)priations by the \HtnX C4»uncil, 
approveil by the |H»st commander. The aco.mnt will at all times I h* subject to the 
|)ost commander*s insint'tion. 

330. When an ofliciT is relievcNl from duty a^ |MM<t treasurer, liin a4*counts will )h' 
auditiil by the \H^t coum-il. 

(•OMFANY ANI» MF>S KISIW. 

331. Tb<* coiiiitsmv fund, which will con!'iM of the i;ro»<s atnountH of tiii>nev 
n>ceiv<H) from ail >*«iunt»s, is receivi^l bv the companv (*o[itiiiandcr and. with the 
c<incnrn'iicc of the con ii»anv council, is disbn^^'4l bv him solflv for the UMictlt of 

• • • • 

the comi»any. Articles of the i*stablishe<l nition purchas^il witii comiuiny fumis 



KUNDS— BAKFRIE8. 49 

will tit* |>iin'ham<<l fnmi tin* «t)tiimiwary, if pnu'tifrahlv. TIm* fiin<l <>f th«* hcwpital, or 
of a <l<*tai'htiH*nt or liaiul haviii); a m*|ianit<* iiii'hh, ih nvanli*«l an a tiitniiany fiiml. 
Mon<*yi« aif'niinic to thi* fund of a tlHat'hiiicnt of tin* ll<ii<pital (\>r|ip, t<ip'thi*r with 
th<* |»nMt*««flfi from thf* Mavin>piof thi* rationn (»f tW nirk in txicpital, )H*l<»nfe to the 
hoHpital fund. 

M^ Th<* fomimny «*<inuiuind«*r will kt'<'p an mu^Mint of th<* (*<iniiiany fuml, which 
will U* i«ut»j«*«*t to inH|N*<*tion )»y th^* (*«>mniandt*r i»f tht* |MN(t and n>nti>«*i)t and mom- 
lM*n* of thi* f-oniiiany council. 

«|«l<i« Kxtra nmifriMiHatifMi may U* |iaitl to i>nlii*ti*<l men fn»m c«»ni|iany or fc«*n<*nU 
nH*i«* fnndtt ax follow h: Kmni a c«im|iany fnml, l^") <i*nti« |N*r ilay to tht* lu-ail niok; 
fr<»m a fci*nt*nil nif*f«* fund, not oxctt**^!!^ $..(M) |M*r day, to N> ap|iortion<*<l hy the 
mt'N* «*(Hincil amonir th<* oM»ki« and other n«'<it*4iry nvular att«*ndantH. i H t)iiHf2.00 
the* nM-M* omncil mav all<»t to th«* m<*>« ntewanl ( who mav U* a noiic«inuniw<ion«d 
offirtT) a |N*r dii*ni of TiO «vnt«i. anil in addition thereto a nhan* of the rtMnaininirfl-''^* 
The hi'a<l «-iM>k of a com|iany and mich of the n*»nilar attemUnti* of a iri*neral ineMH as 
the «^»miiiandintf otllc<*r may d«*f«i|fnate will In* itu«|N*«*t4*«l and mu^«te^e<l in the kiti'lien 
orm«*»«i hall. Thev wilT In* excUM<<l fn»m the onlinarv iioiit dutiei*, hut will att4*nd 
tanret practice when practi<ahle. 

«|8I4. An otliivr Hp|iointe<l hy the |NR<t (*onimantler will, tmd«*r hii* di motion, (*on- 
«hi4i the yreneral ni«-M* affair*, make n«'«'eHniry pun-haMi*, and have chan;<* of the mem 
fund, i^iiarterly and when n*lieve«l he will Kuhmit to the m<*MH ctmncil a litatement 
«»f all IrtifineiiH d«*alin|p( and money tmnMactionn, with pn»|ier vouchem. l'|Min the 
i*all **( the m«'m* c(rtincil. he will furninh infi>nnati«»n nvanlin;; the mntlition ami 
manairenient of the tw*^. A mmimny (»n taking; the tieM or withtlrawintr from a 
ireneral me9«i will U* entitl«*«l to a jiutt flian* of the fund then*«»f, to 1m* detennini**! hy 
tlie meif council, approv«*«l hy tlie |MiHt connnander. 

ABTICLE XXXV. 

1*1 "KT H\KICK1»>. 

MA. Hn-ail will 1m* lMik4<<l in |hw*t )Hikeri<'«« when pnuiicahle. At all |N'nnanent 
|«»tti* a Ktiitahlt* huiMintr for the pur]NM«e. and the n4H<«-M«ry ut«*nMilH and funiitun* 
th«*n*fi<r. will U* provide<l hy the l^uartennaj<ter*H IVfartment. Such n«*<'4*f««ry fiH*l 
ai* <*an li««*«a\«*<l fmni authoriiu**! iM-uef to tnMi|iH may U* une<l in |Hwit )iaken<y. If 
m<*rt* i« nt^tilfvl it may In* pun ha/«*«l fnmi the <|uanennai*ter at 4*ontnict pric**. The 
|Hi-t tnaf(un*r. under the Hi|i«*r\iHon «»f the Miminandin^r otittvr. will have charKt* of 
the liakerv 

m 

<iSI#* A c<ini|iet4*nt enlif*te<l man will U* •li*tail«*d a« chief liaki*r, and if m-cewary, 
on«' **r iiiitn* etdi<<te>t| m«*n mi* awiMant iNikfP* 

3St7. Kxtra {Miy to \nm% lNiker» will U* |mii| fmin the lukery fund, and the fti||f»w- 
intf dail> mU'^ an* authoniea«<l T<i the i-htff hakcr ut n |MiMt nf onenim|NAny. lS''>o*ntj>; 
twii <<iiiif«iii«*«. Xt centf>: thni* nHnpanu-*. In o'Ut^; f^Mir or moie (timiMinit^ M) 
cftit^ T<* ca* h ni'<c««r«<ary an»i-tant, in riMit* !•-«" iImh the thief liakcT. when tlN* 
chief iNiker*- |a> if* 41) cent^ «ir hi**. an*l I'l ev nt* le-**. when the i hiff haker'n |Miy in 

St:l^. Till* e\|v*nHefi of the Imkerv will U' n-otriiteil to the extra |i»y nf the)Mikt*ni, 
the pun ham* •»( artii-li^ ne<if«siry f«»r makuiir hn-ail. and uten-d« not funiii*h4«d hy 
the !*uppl\ <le|NinnM*nt^. ThcM* ex|ienMv mu-t U* |ai*l fniiu the «a\intp*of the Hour 
raiiMii 

3:|9. The « hief Imker will U* in^i«f te«l and iiiii*ten<i| at the |i'>-t liakery. He 
will U* e\i-u«t^| fnmi «*nlinary \nm% iliitu*. hut will atten>l tari^'t practii^* when 
pnii ticaMe 

<MO* The Iwkiiitr of lin*a*l hy cimiiNini**^ at {Mv-tf !• expnfvl> fiirhii|di*n. 
2818—02 1 



50 LIBRARIES AND READING ROOMS. 



ABTICI4E XXZVl. 

LiDRARiRH, Reading Rooms, i-n\. 

341. At each i>eniianent \Hn*X miitable rooiiiH will Ih* M^t ai»art fc»r une an library, 
reading room, chapel, aiul Mchool. The QtiarteniiaHt(*r-(Teneral will prcKMire and for- 
ward to p<iKt libraries Hurh newppa|x;rH and iH^riodicalH, and to |>oHt m'IiooIh Hiurh 
8chooUMX>kH, stationery, and tM!hcM)l material forthenneof enlixteil men aM are author- 
ized by the Secretary of War. New8|>a|>erH an<l |)eri(MlicalH will not l>e taken from 
the library; Hchoolbof)kf( will not l)e taken fn>m the HchoolnxHu exivpt for the pniiier 
use of tho8(* attending the post tH.*hool. The^* iKMjkH and |K>rio<IicalH art> intendcil 
especially for the use of enlistinl men. liooks for iM>Ht chaiH^l nerviit^ are not fur- 
nished l)y the Government; the chaplain is exiHHrte<l to (»btain them through the 
voluntarv contributions of those interested. The librar\' and n*ading nK)mH mav Ihj 
used bv olTicers in such manner as not to interfere with their use bv enlisted men. 

349. On the .'JOth of June of every year, t»ach olHcer in charge of a i>ost or regi- 
mental library will forward, through n*gular channels, to the Adjutant-< reneral of 
the Anny, a return of all l)ooks on hand in or {pertaining thereto. Such lNM)ks as 
are now re<iuired by regulations to Iw accounted for on proiH»rty returns and nuister 
rolls shall not be indude^l in the library returns. Post and regimental commanders 
will examine the returns and ivrtifv then*on tliat the l)ooks in the librarv are 
accounted for as nnjuired by onlers an<l nidations. 

343* Adjutants-general of deimrtments will, on June :^h of eac*h year, render 
to the Adjutant-i reneral like n^turns of all library' lM)oks on hand in their charge at 
the respective dei»artment he^KUpiarteiv. These returns will \ni in addition t<» the 
proiwrty returns re<iuire<.l to Ix* made by them under paragraph 215 <»f tlM»sc Regula- 
tions. The niHiessarv blank forms for returns of iNjoks will \m furnished bv the 
Adjutant-Creneral of the Army, and the ri'tunis will Ik* ma<le in ac(ronlance with the 
directions printinl \i\xm the blanks. 

344* When library lM)oks are damaged or lost, the fact will U' n'jMtrti'd to the 
commanding ottiivr by the librarian, and the iH*rso»i n*siM)nsible for the lo»* or dam- 
age will Ik? re<iuin»il to replai'e the 1km jk by a new copy, or to |>ay its value in money 
to the librarian to enable him to pnM'un* one. 

345. Valuable lKK>ks {K'rtaining to a |N>st library which have iKiHime uns<>rvice- 
able by fair wear an<l tear will, when pnu'ticable, U' reiMiire«l, and the ci.»st of n.*]iair 
will bi* a pn)iK*r chargi* against the funds of the ]M>st exchange. 

346. Ii<M>ks ri*<*iMVi*<l from the War I>t*i>artment will Ik* promptly acknowl(*<lgiHl 
to the issuing otiicer and to the Ad jutant-( reneral an<l, togt>ther with all lil>rary Uioks 
rtHviviMl from other sources, will Ik» taken up on the return. 

347. lns|K*ctors-gi*neral will, at the annual insfKH'tion of iH>sts, examine the 
meth«Nls adoptiMl for the can* ami prestTvation of the library, condemn and dcstnty 
such lK>oks as may Ik* unst*rvict*able and worthU*ss, and note act ii>n in their n>{K)rts 
of the insiK*ctioiL»< of the iH>sts. 

34K* The ne(*e9*sary onlers for the disiN>sitiou of the IxM^ks on luuul when a jNtst 
is alMindom*<l or discontinu(*<l will Ik* given by the War lK>iiartnient. 

349. .Vt any iNist where building material can l>enbtaine<l without <>xiH*nM> to the 
< iovernment, ami enliste*! men dt»sin* toen'<'t buildings by their own laNir for uh* as 
lM>st exchangi*s, gymnasiums, Uiwling alleys, and other plac(*s of amuK*mcnt, the (Nist 
nmimamler is authoriziHl to urn* the niivssarv teams and such t<M>ls, windnw sash, 
dfH>rs, and other material as may Ik* on han<l and mn In* s{ian*<l. 

350. The Quartennabter's I>i*i)artment is authorized to trans|M»rt gymnastic und 
athletic appliances, purchase<l with n*gimental or cunii>auy funds, fur the use of 



INWT GARDENS — l»OST SrH<MH>*. 51 

tnM»|iH, fn»iii thi* iitiir«i«t market to tin* {Mint or Mutioti of \Uv triMipii. In all cam'M of 
iii'it'wary n*inoval th«* anirl<*H Hn|»pli<*<l for iim* iti liak«*ri«*}«, lihrurii*!*, rvailinir nM>iii8, 
M'hiMilH, ami ir>'>"i>i^i*i"i'' ^'ill ^^^* li(*tnitiH|M»rtc<l tiy tlM*i^tuirtoniuii«t(*r*0 I>e|NirtnM*nt 
9«ll. Till* i^ian<*niia><t«*r*}< !K*|iannKMit will fiiniinli furl for heat i lift lil»rarii*f«, nwl- 
iiitr riMtiuH, M'ti«N>lM, <*ha|K*l)«. and |fyiiitia!«iiiiiih. nn iii<li(*ati*<l in |ianiKni|>h 1110. 

ABTICLS XXXVn. 

iNlKT <tAKI»K.NK 

3A)I. 4*«ininianilinKoillf*«THof {NwitHat or iKiir \iliii-h miitahU* |»ul»li<* lamln an* avail- 
a(»li*. Hill M*t axiilt* fi»r |Mif*t pinlrnn Hurh vcnunitl »t* may In* n4*(*«*r««iry for tht* imMlta*- 
ti«>n of vt*tp*tal>ltf> fur tlifconnnaiiil, and willmuM* it to U* rultivat<*<l by tht* learriHon. 

9«ISI« S«<«<alH for |Mint pinh^nM may In* |inKMin*<l fnmi tin* tiunmitwary or fmni <U*al- 

ern or |»n»ihi4i*r» in thu vicinity of tht* |Mtt«t. l*aym<*nt for Hurh arti«'li*H at ttini |>ri(t*M 
will U* niiiih* fmni |H»r>ti*x<'luin;^* funds, or pro mtu from (-oin|iany ami li<K*pital funda. 

S*^*!. lH*|iurtm4'nt tiimmamli^ry uill t;iv«* r<u«*li inHtniction*> a^ may In* n«*<*«'MHary for 
<iirryinir t}i«*M* n*};nlationH into i*fft*«-t and for tli<* |»ni|N'r diMrilmtion of |inNlmiK of 
innlfUH anions thoM* rntitliil tt» tlicnt. Sur]>luH priMlurtH may In* Hidd and tht* |in>- 
o*<<aU ilivid«*«| anions tin* t-omfiany fundn of tin* trarri>on atfunliuK to Ktrvn^cth of 
i'«>m|iaiiii*f*. 



INiM S ii(Mii>. 

3AA* Till' inMtnu'tion of «*nli.*'t4il mt*n it* a militarv dutv. Th«* iNint oHuniamU^ 
will iK*tail an ofrn*«*r to n>ndu«*t tin* |M»Mt hcIkhiI. Inritrurtioii will In* )nvi*n hy oiK- 
(vn>, aM*iHt«'«l l*y tirai'hvrx d<*tail«*«l froni tht* fnli?*tt*«l nit-n. Comniamlin}; oflhvn* an* 
f*nj«iinf«l til |M'i>*inally aid and fno»uRi;ri* th<R^* ntttlin^r instniftion, which will not 
In* n•^tri<'t4•«l til th<*flfmt'ntar\ liran«'lifr*. hut Mill f\tt*n<l to anil includt* any mihjtt'ta 
for whirh fuli-tttl nifu under inMriu'tioti may lia\t* an aptituilt*, «ir which th<*y can 
|iiin*Uf Hiih aiUantaiP* to thfm«<«*l\if* or to tht* Hi*rviii*. In thi* alM*nc<* ol pn>|N*r 
trxt-Umk** inf*tnirti<in will U*oral. iH-r^kiand other material nt*<*«lt*«l inKt'htiolnN»nui 
will Ih> Hipplicvl hy tht* i|uartfniiaf*tcr. 

9«MI* N-h«K»l term.-. atArniRitin>r not lf?*i« than four monthn in «*ach year, will Im» 
ili'r*iirnatt*il hy the dcicirtmcnt i'i»mman«lfr. and -fM^iouf will In* ht*l«l daily, Satunlaya 
ami Sunda\f* fxifpiitl. At th** Uviunin;; «if f;i4 h tcnn com|4iny comman<lt*r>« will 
furtiif*h to the |Mi«t otinmanilfr a Vit^X of men mtolint; or dc^irint: in>*tniction. 

9A7. The numU*r of tfuihcn* <lfiailf«l from tin* t*nliMf«l mt*n will ntit t*x«\til tiiK> 
U* t*v«*ry (ifttfu |iupiU **r fnictiiin of that nundN'r If then- In* nti t*nlif*tt*tl iut*n pn**- 
t-nt Htitahlf for Miclnletail. thciitmiiianilin;;>ithitr hiII uppl> to the .\«ljutant-4t«»ii<*ral 
tif tht* Army f'^r the nuudii-r retpiin**! K^r >atunla\»* and Sunilayn anti tlurinic vaca- 
tion hut one te:i4her ai tniih |Mi«t will U* ulinHi**! extni-duty |ia\. anil hi* will lie 
n^titiin**! to i-an* (<*r the «Nhoii||HMik>* anil pro|wrty uuil to teach tin* nt-niita am! 
chd«ln*n. A M-lH-'l-leai her i- nut entitle*! ti* extni-4lut\ iia\ while alivti*nt on fur* 

« I p 

lollirh 'ir on |i;t^ e\<-ee«lnit; tHent\-(<iUr hotir^ 

tm%. The atljutant-i^'Ueral ••! esuli ileiiunment will, under th<* t|invti«iii of ita 
cviuiniander. ha\ea ^'eiienil •iU|ier\iriit*ii ol the |«Mt "thimU nf the ile|iartinent. lit* 
will itiake. jiinuallx. !•• the \iljutatit-( tfiieral ^'f the \rtii> a full n*|Mirt of their con- 
flitioii mill pfiiirre^. ««*tiiiitf f«irth -itt ifii-;dl\ ;tii\ i-.l*** i^f failure or neirlet t on tlie 
|wr1 «*f a {Mv^t I ofiiiiiuiiflfr to take prii|fi ihtere>t in thetn or to facilitatt* tht*ir ti|ifni* 
lion Tlii* r^*|M*rt will atmtiiimnv the anini.tl re|ii>rf ••< the 'leimrtmi'nt commamler. 
Twitf etti h \eur n*|Mirti« will In* n-ieleri-«l l*\ ••tln-er* in « hiirve ••( •« ho«ilr* on the pn^> 
•crilfe*! fitruifi. throutrh |M^t titmntander". tn the uiljiitant kt-nt-rml of tht* Ui*|«rtiiicot, 
who will forwanl a cuiiaulidation thentif with hi- aamial t\'V<oi\. 



52 POST SCHOOLS POST EXCHANGES. 

359. Officers c»f the Inspt^'tor-GenerarH I)ei>artinent will examine into the HVHtem 
of instruction, advise |K>Ht I'oinniandera of defects, an<l HU^Q^ent nietho<iH (»f improve- 
ment. They will endeavor to bring about uniformity in methcxls of management and 
instruction. 

360. At posts where the number of children prenent will admit of it and where 
there are no (convenient educational privileges, m'hoolH will be maintainet^l at which 
the attendance of children of officers will \ye optional with })arentM and those of 
enlisted men (*ompulsory. The K^HsionH of children's schools will lie during such 
hours of the day as commamling offitvrs may direi*t. 

361. The chihlren of civilians living near a p<jst may \ye |)ermitted to attend the 
post school. In such cases the ]»anMits will, if able, jiey a small compensation for 
the privilege and will supply the necessary l)ooks. 

363. The officer in charge of the |)ost school will regulate the (character and meth- 
ods of instruction and enfon;e ne(H^«sar>' discipline. KnlisUnl men in attendan<*e who 
misbehave will be duly reportecl to the }N>st authoritit^s. Harsh punishment will not 
U* inflicted upon children. If not amenable to discipline, their conduct will be 
reported to the commanding officer, who will take the necessary action. Fc»r non- 
compliance with the rules of the si'hool, children of officers may be deprived of ita 
•privileges. 

ABTICLE XXXTX. 

Post KxcnAN(iE8. 

363. Post exchanges are establishtnl and maintaimHl under sfXH^ial rt^ilations 
preiiare<l by the War Dcsiiartment. Th«ise si)ecial regulations will be published and 
issue<l from time to time as nei'essitv mav demand. 

364. On June 30 and I)(HH.*ndH'r 31 of each year the commanding officvr of a \nwt 
at which an exchange is conductinl will submit to the Adjutant-! reneral of the Army, 
through military channels, a detailiNl rt*|M)rt of theo{)erationsan<i financial comlition 
of the exchange, accompanied by suc*h remarks tinidiing its effe(*t upon the welfare 
of the (*ommand as he mav <leem it necessarv to make for the infonnation of the 
Commanding (Tcneral of the Anuyand the Sinretary of War; and when no exchange 
has l)een maintaine<l at a post such fact will also l)e ionmmnicate<l to the Adjutant- 
General of the Anny, thnnigh military channels, on the <lates hertMnl)eforc spedfiecL 

365. The sale of, or dealing in, l)eer, wine, or any intoxii'ating liquon^ by anj 
person in any post exchange or (*anteen or army trans{K>rt or u|>on any premises used 
for military purinises by the Unite<l States, is hereby prohibite<l. The Setnietary of 
War is hereby <lirecte<l t4) carry the pnwisions of this sivtion into full fonx'and effect. 
(Acrtof Febniary 2, \90\.) Commanding officers will carry the provisions of the 
foregY>ing enactment of Congn>HS into full fonv and effivt, and will be held strictly 
responsible that no exceptions or evasions are i>ennitt4Hl within their respective 
jurisdictions. 



THK ARTILLKRY CORPS — THE CHIKF OK AKTILLKHY. 53 

ABTICLE XL. 

TlIK AkTIIXIJIY CoKI'H. 
THK rillKK nK AKTIIXKKY. 

«l##« It Hliall \h' \Uv fluty nf till* Ch'ivi <»f Artillery t«i kt*4'|» thi* (%>iiitruui«linir Cwen- 
<*ral fif th<* Aniiy. an<l thnMifth him tlit* S^cn'tary of War. mlviwtl at all tiiiuf f»f the 
i*flirii*nry f»f th<* iienmiiiit*! aii<l iiiatm<*l of th«*artillt*ry, ami iiiakt* ciH'h ni*(»iiitii«*n«la- 
tioiiHin n'frn'tio* th«*n*t«i an nhall in hin jii(lpii«*ni t«*ni| to |»ntiii(»t«* i*Hi<*i«*tiry. 

'J. lit* nhall aniuially and a^* fn*(jU<*ntly an (Mn*iini}«tanct>ii nhall n^iuin* iiif«|ii*<*t the 
niai«t an«l ti«'l«l artill«*rv. an<l ht* nhall from timt' to tinit* and a»* fniiuvntlv ai* utwv in 
«*mi'h ymr n*|Mirt to tin* rommandin^ ttrneral. and thntii^h him to the S«*«*n*tary of 
War. ar« ti> «*a4'h ma^t def4*nM* fortification, wlifth«*r tli«* Kami* in in all reHfiii'tfi n*aily 
for itM* in i-aM* of attack ami if n«>t in what ni<|Ni'tf> the |»rt*|taniti(»nH an* fl<*fii*tivi*. 

:{. Ill* nhall from time to time and hi* frei|uently an mnditioiiH rt*(|uin*«i»nfi*r <liniily 
with till* 4 'h iff of On 1 nam V, and aflvi^* him of all matti*n« n*latin}; to t he charai'ter 
and |in-|«ration of artillery matorialn which thi* i*x|»i*riemv ami o)i*<i*r>'ati<in of tlie 
artilli*ry ann of the M*rvifv nhuw to U'of practical im|Mirtamv. 

4. lli'Hhall havi*>!t*n4*ral Hi|M*r\'iHinn of tin* inntniction of artilli*ry orti<t*ni and men 
ainl of I'xaminatiom* f«ir |iromotion and for a|>|Miintm«'ntf« and tmnnfrni of oHiivni to 
the artilli*ry arm, and («hall ntitnimend Huch rxaminationi* and t«u«*h iiMirwi* ami 
m€*thnilf«of in}«tniction in th«*urtilli*ry nclMMilHund otlierwincar* hi*i<hall di*em ntiniidte 
til !«*«*tin* a thoHMitfhly tniini'«l and ••<lncat«*«l font*. 

it. Ilr nhall niiimmwid oinci*n< for duty in ctAft or lh*lfl artilli*ry a4*«*«»nlin|{ to H|ie- 
rial aptitudi* anil (itni*T4i. ami Ih i*harKe<l tri*ni*rally \iith tin* ntimimemlation of olti- 
ci*rti of artillery for ft|Ni*ial duty. 

tl. Ifa'fon* any mom-y if* i*x|N*ndi*<l or any land i^ ai-«|nin*<l fi»r any M«4iiai>t fortilUra- 
ti«>n hrn-after. hi* i«hall ailvifi* the S*<-n*tary of War throntrh t hi* ronimamlin};< General 
whi'thi'rthe |in»ji*4't nnder which thi* 4'X|ii*nditnn* i?* tn Im* maih* includi*i« aili^inate 
pDivi^ioti for all tin* diffi'n*nt clement^ nf a c<ini|ileti> c«iar>tHlt*f«*nHi* i*vtahlii*hment, 
inchidint; fort iti<ai ion. armament, arul accitminiHlatiMnf for the nM*of tnM»|«(. whether 
the lami whii'h il it* |ir<»|»oM'<l t > ;iii|tiin* will U* Hitlicient f<ir all the |>nr|>**^*** nien- 
tioneil. and how far the appnipriationH availahle provide for the entin* wi*rk. For 
that {Hiqiiim* all proj<*i'ti« and plann for coaf«tH|i*fenM* f«»rtitii'ationf* nhall iifion coming 
into theitfliee nf the S<i*n*iarv of War U* n'fern^l a»«of iimrw. in the (irxt inntamv, to 
the t'hief of Artillery for hi?* n*iw»rt then-tm. 

7. lie fihall U* a memli«*r of the ll^ianl of Onlnanci* ami Fort i tit at ion. 

"«. The niiinlf |n>rtaininir to the |H*rformano' of thedutier* of thet'hief of Artillery 
wdl U* kept in theiitliceof the .\djutant-< iefieral of the Aniiy. thmiiifh whom all 
n*iiimnniiatioiiH n*latini; u* \n'f^tuuf\. di<«-iplirii\ e(li«'iency. tranHferf*. and aM*i}ni* 
menti* •hotild In* maile in act*iir<lan«-«' with exMini; nvnlation«. 

*.*. Nothintf ill the fonvoxi^ ni;ulation« ohall U'lltfrnitl to n-lieve the<i»mniandeni 
of the •'••\enil militar> de|iiirtnientfi i>f the itntii— I'f iii«|Niiion and i*i»mmand. or f»f 
ni*|Min«il*ilit> f<tr the i-ondition anil ••tlicifni-> i^f the materiel and |ierMt»niH'l of tlie 
artillery in their He\eral tleiartnientf* af> no« pn*\i>U<«l li\ n*inilationii. 

kllliilCT^. l:i:rt KN«. \Mi mi -n-KK Hi»ll/>. 

9#7. < Hliif'rM of artillery not UOontrintr ti> l«ittene« h ill !■* n*|Hirti«l on the n*tnrfui 
of the «-oiiiniaiHU ill wlm h they ma\ U* •«'r\iiikr. ami. in aiMition. will nntil other- 
wiwori|en*il make monthU |H'r«tnMl ri-|M»rtf< to the \djiitanl « ieneral of the Anny 
fitatiiikT the nattin' 'if their *ltitie«. et« The ijiiiii«irntiii-^itiii«'«l ofaff oirntTfi of artd- 
ler\ will alxai Ih< n>|M>rl«'t| in riinin-* ainl li\ nainf ••n the moiiihl\ n'titrm* of the 
comnuamU in Hhich the\ an- M*r\iiik' 



54 CARE OF FORTIFICATIONS. 

Command inf? officers of batteries and companies of artillery will render monthly 
returns direct to the Adjiitant-Cieneral of the Army. Mcmthly returns an<l bimonthly 
muster rolls of the artillery l>ands and muster rolls of the nonoommiMsioniMi staff 
officers of the Artillery Corps will Iw maile to the Adjutant-CJeneral by the com- 
manding^ offiwrs of the n.»si)e<*tive posts or stations at which they may Ik» ser\'in>f. 

Comman<Iing offict*rs will pn>iian> <iinH^riptive lists and accounts of i^ay and cloth- 
ing of the noncommissionwl staff officers, and will caust* to hn* entertnl in jKwt dtvi'rip- 
tive an<i clothing books the {K'rsimal dest^ription an<l full re<*oni of, and an account of 
clothing drawn by t^ach meml>er of the artillery liands. 

36II. The officer (Commanding an artillery district has authority to appoint and 
re<luce the noni*ommissione<l staff officers and, on the recommendation of their resiKJC- 
tive commanders, the noncommissiom-tl officers of l>ands, ImttiTies, and comi»anie8. 
Where artillery organizations are detache<l or not sc^rv'ing in an artillery district, the 
foregoing authority is vested in the commanding artillery officer. 

ARTICLE XU. 

CARE OP FORTIF: CATIONS, ARMAMENT, AND EQUIPMENT. 

369. At all artillery i)osts, forts, and stations the care and preser\'ation of the 
guns, carriages, magazines, ammunition, ami other artillery material, parai^ets, plat- 
fonns, anil grounds surrounding tht-m, together with the toriM^io systems and mine 
fields, will l)e divide<l among the comfmnies constituting the garriscms thenHif, and 
company comman<lers will 1h» held to a rigid accountiibility for the pnjjwr pt»rfonn- 
ance of these duties. In onler that all artillery organizations may Im^ thonmghly 
instnicte<I in the care and manipulation of all the kinds an<l caliU'rs of guns, car- 
riages, etc., changes will o<H!asionally be ma<le in the assignment of thest* <lutii*s to 
the different artillery organizations. 

370. It is the duty of the artillery to care for the exiH»nsive, high-|>ower engines 
of war which ctmstitute a part of the lake and s«»aH'oast defenctv of the I'nited Stat(*8. 
They will then»fore lx» rtN|uin"<l to study their ca|»abilitics and their usi» under all 
cinnnnstances, ami the pn>iH»r manipulation of niiigc lindcrs, converter-lMwinls, etc., 
use<l with them, an<l also iKHtHne thonmghly familiar with the toriH*<lo systems and 
mine fieMs and with the charts of the liarl)ors in which tlu^y an» serving. 

371. The instructions n»ganling the care and prt»servat ion of artillery material, 
containe<l in the authoriz^Ml Manual of Ifcavv Artillcrv, will Ih» ol)st»rv«Hl bv the 
<*ommanding othi^er of eiu'h military iM>st at which such material is UH<*d or ntoriHl. 
The methotis des<TilKMl in the in.Mtniction pain])hlet.*' issmnl to <*om|iany conimanderM 
for the mounting, using, and <*are of the various guns an<l <*arriag(*s will Im' strictly 
followwl. 

379. When* eUvtric light and jniwer plants have Ik^'II iiistalle<l, they will l>e put 
in o{H>nition omv a month. In firing lM>ilers the teni|K'rature in the lire Im»x sh<»uld 
Ik' raisi^l very gradually to avoid sudden ex|uu)sions of the metal shell. All machin- 
ery, such as engines, pumi»s, and lN>il(>rs, Hill Im> kept in g«NHl working onler at all 
tinK>s. The small amount cif fuel nHpiinNl for the pur|Mise of o)M'r.iting tlu' (Ntwer 
and light plants should Ih' providinl fnun the fuel allowances of the tnM)|>H. Lubri- 
cating material and eUvtricsil supplii's will Ih* stHUinMl on <{uarter]y re<|ui.^iti(»ns fn>m 
the pn»iH*r supply <lei>artments. 

373. Platforms, iKira|H*ts, and thegn>unds sumumding them, the limits of which 
^ill l»e pn»si'ril»e<l by |M»st commanders, will U* kept in pro|HT jHiIiit'. I)rains and 
sum I IS should In* insjHH*te«l weekly, and kept in onler. 

37-I, The annnunition servii-e (tnilleysand lifts) will Im* n|HTate<l at intervals of 
not ex«*ee< ling H«'ven days, and the <lifferent working jKirts i pulleys, journals, etc.) 
kept i'ltnui an<l lubricateil. 



MOUNTING GUNS. 65 

MOrNTINlt UI'NH AM* MOKTAIM. 

«l7ft« T\n* work of mounting tu'avy f^ni^t inortan*, or carriafrpfi in fortifi<'mtion8 
will, ai* a niU\ U* iloiit* l»y tlit* artilU*r>* tro<i|)H. Tliin (imrw* will U* foUowitl liabit- 
tially in all f{arntH>ni*<l fortillcatioiiH which an* neither in whole nor in }Nirt timler 
the nmtrol nf the Kn)dii(H*rYi. 

«I7#. When ynniH, etc., an* to 1m* ni(Hiiit4*<l in a pirriHimevl fortitieatii>n t>r in an 
untcarniMim*«l w«»rk u|N»n a military reHer>*ation iimier theeontnkluf an artillery eom- 
nian«ler. th<*M* worki* U*in(;iitill in whole or in lurt iimler the «*<»ntn»l of the Knici- 
ni^'n', the KntritH-er ntlitvr in charge of omKtnirtion will, after consnltinir with the 
artillery fii»tiiniaii«ler, ih-eide whether the uxKintinir nhall tx* «lone un<ler hii* own 
dirvtetitin ami hy the iuh* of the niaehinery an<l laUir of the KnKinet*r Ik*|iartnient, ur 
un<ler the tliniiion «>f the artillery nMnniander an<l hy the laltontf the tnM)|iH. The 
fonner «iiHirM* will l»e follow(*<l whenever it is h«» fletiinNl hy the Knfrim*er IViiart- 
nient, ai« \m*iufi tH'it^M^ry to pn*vent interfen*n(v with other work of et)nHtru«*tif>n u|ion 
the fort i tit -at ion. an<l the artiller>' (HininuuKler will affonl the Kn)nnet*r (»tHivr in 
ehaoP*. and u|M»ti tin* latter'i<n'«|uef4. all |Miw(ihle arviMtanee hy the loan t»f machinery 
and l>v •h•tail^ fn»m hin nmimaiKl. In like manner, when the work it* tlone under 
the dinvti<tn of the artillery «'ommaiider, the Kn^iiK'tT <itii(vr in rharve will, with 
the a|»|»n»val of the (^liief of Knirin<'«*rH, affonl him whatever aiviKtancv may be 
}»ra«*tii'al»le. 

977. In fortitie:itioii<* whieh have Ihvii com|»let4*<l, I Kit which an* ar* yet ungarri- 
fhiii***!, thi* Kngint*«'r ottuvrmay hiniM'lf omdnct the work f»f mounting the ^runi*, etc, 
living hi" (•\iti machinery and lalM»r and, if neeeiwar>', the aid «>f materials ami details 
fnim oinvenient artillery oimmamlH, which will lie ffiven on a|i|ili<«tion to the 
de|«irtiiient <iimmamler; or. if the Kn^ne(*r ofthvr r«» n^|Uet«t, the de}iartment txim- 
mander will din*i*t that the work mav U* df»iie entin*lv hv the artillerv tnMiiiH. 

97^. If it In' d«*<'id«*<l that the ^uni*. etc.. shall In* mount***! under the dint'tion of 
the artillfry conimander. the latter will ilesi)cnatf the mot<t «'om|it*tent oHi«i*r of hia 
nininiand toconihict the wi»rk, and thin oltitvr nill confer fmm time to time with 
the Kngtn«vr iitruvr with a view to ni «^»nihict it as not to inferfen* with the Kninnt*cr 
work <iii till* fortification!*. If. in his judgment, it U* nei'e»««iry the iiimmanding 
itlTicvr will a|i|»ly to the i|e|iartment «-ommander for the detail «if an artillery otticvr 
fn»ni amilh«*r command to <tinduct the work, and if vuch oHhvr U> imt available he 
will n*«pu*^t the M'rxii-ei* of an onlnann* ofliivr for that puriioNi*. 

8I79. When ^iiii i-arna^i* and jniiif an* to U* af«*i*nd»li^l *tr nMiunt4*<l in M*a-o«f4 
fiirtilii-alioiL* the\ ^hull U* i'ubj«*ct to the iufiNttion of an olhivr of the Onlnan<« 
iN'imrliiK'nt. Uith dunn»r pnKii«* of eniiiiin an<l after ilH completion, in order Xn 
in>4in* that all |«irti*an* c<»m'«*tly ai«<«*mbti^l ami in |»n>|N*r workintr order. Such tilfi- 
4vr i*i the unliiunct* ]>e|iartmenl fhalt. under inMnictioni* fn»m the Chief «»f On!- 
naniv. iak<* all miiL-unT* m*«frwary, iMrhnlin^. if il«^'m«*«l dt^inible. the tirinir i*f thi* 
pU^v, til ifUi* aw*uranci* **i the |H*rfiti «fr\i<inil»ility «if the armament liefon* it hIuiII 
U* tiinii<il M%fr for u.-«*. 

Si^O. Whrn fntrnitfr nr artillery «»th<vr^ an* aU»ut tii iiimmeno* the w«»rk i»i enT- 
tii'ii lifn-inU-fiin> ri'f«'rn'«l to. ihfv will iii>tify the ( 'hief i*f Onlnamt*. whu will, if in 
hi" itpiiiiitfi it in iitii-nqiry, dtfiiieiiatt* an •>(lii'«*r to plai*** him*>«*lf in lomiiiimication 
With tlif i-iik;in«i*r i'r artillery •itlici r with a view to U'intr pn-M'Ht at th«* pni|ier time 
an<l with pr<>|nT u^vii-tantf and appliainiir* f«ir iIm* |N-rfoniiaii«-«* '^f th«* duty hen*by 
tl«'%<>l\f^l ii|Hin hint. 

9^1. inMall«'<l .irinamwil nhall U' Mibjtit iit any timi* ti» the in«|HiiPin ••< oril- 
iianc«' iilh<-«T». if U* ilfkikMialitl hy th«- <'hit-( I'f Onliiiiiii>«>, !#• «§•«• that it m in ••(tirii*nt 
ri»iiditi><ii f'lr iiM*. and tti pla«f it in »ii« h n'lidition \i it ^hall n<>l !■- •*>. lN-|Artiii«*nt 
otiiitiiaiidfn* will iiflniit ituniiiaiKliiit; ••Ifitt'p* t«* fiirtii-h «iii h aM>i«tan«i* ap may la* 
tM'«'i^««ir\ t«t(-arr> tHii tin* iii-|«t'ti«>ii<* pn-<4 ril«*d in tin' (iinv'ink' lamirniph** ami to 
pi*rfonn ni^*i^««iry wurk <»ti th«- armaiiH-iit. 



56 MOUNTING GUNS — RANGE FINDRES. 

393. The Engini^er Department will Hii;'ply and inmall all necessary electrical 
appliances and ap|)aratn8 for furnishing light and power^ including switch Ixiards 
and instniments attached thereto and search-light e<]uipnients, with the exception 
of the motors jiennanently atta<'he<l to the gim <*arriagi*H; it will construct the neces- 
sary un<lergn)und conduits or overhead lines fcir all wiring for light and jKiwer at the 
|>oHtH, exterior to buildings, an<l will furnish the ntn^essary material and funds for 
the re{)air, ofH'ration, and preser\*ation of all such instmments ami ap{)aratus when 
not use<l for i><»st illumination. 

3II3* The Onlnance Deiiartment will supply any motors to lie attached to gun 
carriages, the ncH'cssary jxiwer lathes, machinists* t4M>ls, and tools and implements 
for the um> of Imttery nuH'hanics, and will make such repairs to guns and carriages 
as c^an not Ih' matle at the |M)st. 

3W4. Whenever the annamoiit of the seacoast fort ifu-at ions, or {larts thereof, are 
in nee<l of the ser\'ices of skilliHl nuH-hanics of the Onlnance !>e|>artment, the 
onlnan(v otlUvrs of the forts are uuthoriztHl, with the appn)val of their jxist com- 
manders, to (^>mmuni(*ate dinn'tly with the commanding otfi<vrs of arsenals, who 
have been instnicteil t<»uomply with n.*(]U(*sts to furnish the n(H*essary mechaniiwand 
materials. For this pur|M>He applications shouhl Ih^ ma<le as follows, viz: 

For the fortifications of the New Kngland (H>ast down to and including New Lon- 
don, Conn., to the <'onmian<ling otficc^r of the Watertown Arsenal, Watertown, Mass. 

For the fortilicati<ms of New York Harix)r, IK»lawan» Kiver, Baltimore, Washing- 
ton, and Hampton Koads, to the commanding oHUvr of the Sandy Hook Pr(»ving 
Cirouml, Sandy Hook, N. J. 

For the fortifications of the South Atlantic and (iulf coasts from Wilmington, N. C, 
to Galveston, Tex., both inclusive, to the comman<ling oAicer of the Augusta 
Arsenal, Augusta, (ia. 

For the fortiti<'ations of the Pacific coast t4> the commanding ol}i<'er of the Benicia 
Arsenal, B<»ni«'ia, Cal. 

39^5. The Quartennaster's l>e|>artment will furnish all fuel and engine supplies, such 
as waste, lubricating oils, oil lam{is, bnM>ms, bnishes, etc., necessary for the refiair, 
o(»eration, and pri'stTvution of all plants ustnl for (KK't illumination as well as for the 
defenses, and such materials as mav U' nee<UNl for the use of the iMitterv nuH*hani(«. 

39^6. The Signal Deftartment will supply all the ntH'essary lini*s and nutans of 
eletlrii'al communication, including tt*lephom*s, <lials, and other telegraphs, wiring, 
all nei'essary ele<'trical instruments not {H*nnanently attacluNi to the switch l)oanl, 
an<l such s|Hvial instnnnents as may tH> directiMl to l)e supplii^l by the Stvn'tary of 
War. 

3117. MiH'hanic!al maneuvers will n<»t U' prai'tictsl with the new onlnamv materialt 
but will U' <*ontint*<l to the ol<l |kattern of guns and carriages. 

RA.VOE AM) IH»H1T1<»N KINOKI{S. 

3AM. When' no range and {Hinition finder has Uhmi installe<l, nN{uisition will be 
maile on theOnlnaiuv iH^iwrtment for an auxiliary rang(* and {Nisition tinder, in 
which the height in f<H*t (»f the instnunent station alx»ve mean low tide shall l)e 
state<l! Where niH*t*ssary to supplement, or l)e uwmI in place of the range tinders, 
liast^end instniments will Im' askinl for. K(N{uisitions will im-ludi* plotting-lioard 
material. In the nu*antime arrangement.** will Ih* impn)vi.>H.Nl for |N>sition finding. 

3M9. WheriM'Uvtricsil installations have not aln*aily Uimi made, re<{uisitions on 
the Signal l><'|tartment will at omv Ih' forwanlc<l for nctt^ssary telephones, telephone 
and t4*k*gniph ntateriaJH for coniiivting the llatterie^<, 1kis«* cnils, and plotting stations. 

30O. The Signal iViiartment will furnish all military |Mists and seacoast -<lefem*e 
stations with su<-h instruments and materials as mav Ik> ntN'i^ssarv for the electric^ 
installation i»f range tinders and the fire contnil system, for the purpose of inter- 



RANOR FINDKB8 — XAOAZIKES. 57 

cotnmnnioaticm. Thii* iiioludet* t<*lepht>nic and telefrntphir inrtnimeni«, electrical 
cl(icki«. iiit*gmphoniti, fleUl irlMHn*, t4*U*M^)|M>is an<l iM^cemary mett^^mlofrical iniitni- 
mentH, i. o.. tMin>iiictcn>, th<*rniiinH*tcn«, aneniom«*tcm, etc. Aliio, all micli (rableand 
laml liiM-H an may U* rMiuinnl tf» c«inmHl <*ontif(tiouf< iiiilitan* ptMitii, or for connecting 
tlH* |ioi«ti< witli the c<ininiercial teleirraph HVfiteni. The duty of fumiiihinir Mich 
inHtmnienti* and materialn in hy law iniiMmed u|ion the Siinial (\>r]w, and |>n>|ier 
r%««{iibiitif>n then*for will he |in»ni|>tly tilliM. 

3#1« The fdllfiwinif material will In* fumifllu*il hy the l*^iinne4T l>e|iartment: 

Towen« fi»r |Mwtiti(»n linderY*, when* ne«*efMiry, and ntation hmiHef* for |H«iition tlnd- 
eni. i«*an*h lightf*, eir., |in)t4'<'t4'«l in the U*?(t manner |>ra«ii(*ahlf*. The int4*rior 
dinieni*ionH of the |MiHlti«>n-tinder Htatioiu* will U* ap|»rov«*il hy the Chief nf Artillery. 

\ iaiital»l«- i*lf<*trir liisht ami |Miwer plant for «*a4*h fortordetachni liattery. with all 
nei'eiwiry tti'«i*>Mori<t* of Hutlicient <'a|ia4*ity for |MiHt illumination, when ho n*<|iiei>t«*il 
hy th«* t^iiarteniKiKter <teneral. 

Teli*ph«>n«* UniIIih for «*tt«'h gim platform. 

Suitahh* arnintrementH n«*ar the liattery for the in»ttallati(m of emeiv«*ney range- 
llmlen* an«l inHtnimenti< for olN«i*r\'ation <if tin*. For thin purfMim* two alternative 
|HN(itioni«. on«* at eai'li flank of the liattery and well Inu'Ic fmm the eff<*<'ti(of the hlaat 
of th«* gun. an* n«i'«*fwary. 

99%. The Unlfuimv l>eiiart!nent will fuminh: AngU*-ni(>aituring inKtnnm»ntfl, 
rppl«»tting iNianU. tliff«*n*n(v dinkH, range H(*al<*H. drawing iiiHtruuieiitH, material, etc., 
$riiN> |N*r l«ttery. Sighti* for giving direction only, for i«4*h gun (tf» lie plaixHl on 
fighting i^aiHlanl and to U* pn»vide<l with a devi^t* for giving deviati<»ru* in minuttis 
right ikr left I. 

3#9. .\t all artil1er>' \m^Xi* not aln*aily pmvided with miitahle charti*. |Mitit c<»ni- 
nuinden* will have (*ompil«<«| the lM*f<t dmrtj* |H»M<ihle for the une of their n*»i|N*<-ti\*e 
fin* <> immantlri hy di*tuil of otIUvn* and men under their command fnini Hurh data an 
may U* on hand or n^lily oMuinahle. Suitahle haw* lim*** will U* laid off, can^fully 
mtaii>un*<l.and aifurately markevl on the Iwrltor chart. StH'h charts have lie«*n prv- 
l«n*«l fur till* princi|«l liarliorH hy the Kngintvr m*|«rtni«*iit, ami c«»pi<*M will la.* 
funiii*hi*«l the Thief of Artillery u|»on hii« niiuinition. 

994. N^'twl tracking with tlie gimn in <*onn<*«iion with tlie range Under ami nm- 
verter l»i«nl will U* fn<«|uently pnMiictMl 

MAOAZINIW. 

3#A* From the methtrtU of c«>ni«tniction neccMmrily eniploye<l and fmm their 
l«N*ation. magazin<*M of neacoai^t liatteri«i« an* «*f«|M*«*ially liahle to ilampneN> nvulting 
fmm «ii!id**nMfitioti of moiMun* ufHiu th<* nuu«inr>' Hiirfacii* when wann air fmin tlie 
iKitnitlc i« |H*rmittiil to rnter fn<«*ly. In aggrevat«*<l cawv* the <*ondf*twati<»n i^ivem 
the wulli* ami tittiiigK with lii'a'lfi of moipitun* which oilliH't into fitn*amf* ami trickle 
down the walU. forming |iooIh of water on thetiooni. The injurioiu* eff«*i*tii of «tanip* 
new* in mairnzincf* an* manifiMi^l in the rapid ileterioration t»f ammunititm and the 
tltvtnictiiiti **i interior tlttinir)*<*f elt*ctric- light planti*aiitl ammunition con\eyoni. Aa 
niiHlennzttiiiii n-«iilt^ fn»m the warmer outer air c«»ming in (^»nta<i with the cooler 
nuiH*nry MiHiu-e** and «le|M*titing itf> mi»if*tun*. an ohviou« n*m4«ily liiv in the pn*|ier 
n*giilatioii I'f the \enttlati«in. 

l>iM-al ciiiiuiti* «-i*h<litiiini* exert a «^intnillintf intluen<'<* on tln-M' phenomena and it 
\p impnu ti<-al»ie !•• lay iImwh i^tjifral nvulatiotipi. 

.\t eai h l«ii-alit\ ••\^tematic ex|ii'riiiient «liouiil he maile ti» iletennine the pm|ier 
courx* !•• fitilfiw to n^ltici* ilaiiipn«f«* U* n iiiiiiirntim. It m iiuule the duty of all 
oltii-er^ and i«|vi lallv *•( artitler\ i-onimander^ lm\iiitf < harve of the l4itt4*ri««fi to gi%*r 
tlH*ir c«>htinu«»u<i |n*PMtnal attentittn to the can* of magaiim^ and the pnwrvatiua uf 
their (xmti'nta. 



58 INSPECTIONS ^VISITd TO DEFENSES. 

396* Smokinfjc or fire will not l)e allowe<l in the vicinity of a magazine. Should 
a fire aix^identally (nxmr near by, the ventilator and windows will be imme<liately 
cloned and the building <H>vered with paulins or blankett) saturated with water. No 
attempt shouhl l)e made to remove the contents. 

397. Such articles as loaded shells, fuses, friction primers, water caps, rockets, 
and fireworks will never be put in a magazine containing powder. 

39§. ]x)aded shells will not \ye fuse<l until there is occasion for firing them. 

399. Penthouses an<l other shelters of similar character for seacoast artillery will 
not be provided, an<l the <leterioration of artillery material must be prevente<l by the 
unremitting c^re an<l watchfulness of the officers ami troo})e to whom the use and 
care of the nuMlern annaments are c<)nfide<l. 

IN8PBCTION>. 

400* In onler to properly carry out the spirit of the foregoing regulations, the 
weekly inspections of the various companies will be held — weather i)ermitting — ^at 
the guns, for the care of which they are severally responsible. The regular nnrnthly 
inspection of the post will include that of the guns, ami thus the post <'ommander8 
will be enable<l to detennine how well the company commanders have {)erformed 
their duties, and what progress has been made in familiarizing the trcKips with the 
duties which are required of them. The last day of each quarter a report in writing 
of the inspei^tion will be made by the post or battalion commanders through depart- 
ment headquarters for the information of the Commanding General of the Army. 

491. In the annual reports of defMirtment commanders of their personal inspec- 
tions as required by {laragraph 211 of these regulations, the conditi<m and working 
order of these l>atteries of position will ho rei)orte<l, but any vsum of neglect will be 
nuule the subject of a special rei>ort. 

ARTICLE XT.n. 

VISITS TO I^KB AND SEA(.X)A8T DEFEN'SEH. 

409. Except by siKfial authority of the Secretary of War, no pers<ms, other than 
officers of the Army ami Navy of the TnittHl States an<l j^erson.** in the servi<"e of the 
UnitiMl States einploytnl in diriM't ctmnei^tion with the us**, constmctiim, or can» of 
thesi* works, will l>e alli>we<l to visit any |)ortion of the lake and c<»ast defenses of the 
Unite<l States without the written authority of the commanding officer in charge, to 
l)e given only for pn^KT military reasons. 

493. SjMH'ial authority to visit defensive works granttNl by the SiH"n»tary of War 
will Ik* liinite<l to memlH^rs of the Tnitt**! Statics St^nate and Mouse of Kepresenta- 
tivcw, their public duties nijuiring them to take offi(>ial at'tion on matt<'rs c(mmH<ti>d 
then'with, and to the govermir (or his adjutant-general) of the State in which the 
works an' ItN'at*'*!, as mnnminder in chief of the IikhI militia instnicte<l then*. 

404. Commanding <>tru*«»rs, onlnaiuv si>rgi*ants, an<l others in charge of fortitica- 
ti<»ns or any means of lake or coast defensi*s will exen'ist* gn'at can* in acting uiMm 
appli(*ati<ins to visit the works, and will gnint such only as may U' warrantt*<l for 
gfMHl and suffii'ieiit military n^asons. 

40ft. The taking of pluttographic or other views of )M>rmanent works of defense 
will ni»t U* |N*nnitt<*<l. Neither written nor pictorial descriptions of th<*se witrks 
will U* made for publn-ation without the authority of the Stvn*tary of War, nor will 
any infonnation Ik* ^ivcn (*onci*niing them whi<'h is not containiMl in the printtnl 
n*i>orts and dtwunuMits of tlu* War lK'|iartment. 

406. Coiiimandiri^' gi'nerals of de|Mirtments will mh* that thest* n^ulations an* car- 
ritnl into «*ffc<*t, an«i that the |M*rniission to visit the defeiisi'S n»fern'<l to is only 
given for pro|HT military n*asons. They will als«) «»«» that any den*liction of the 
duty hen>in enjoim*^! is innni*<Iiately observtMl and pn)mptly met by appn>priate 



ARTILLERY PRACTICK. 69 

ABTIOLE XTiTTT. 

Aktillkky Pk.mtkk. 

407. At all iKwtn with fixe<l liattmtv thv |Mit<iti<>n of every inin, mounte<l or to be 
mountetl. will Imvi* iti* nuiiilter, whirh will Ik* pla<v«l on the ^nin when in |MiHtti<Hi. 
Till* icnnt* will U* nuniU*n*<l in a n^milar m*rii*»<, (innniencinir with the flrnt tnm on 
th«* left of the main entraniv l<M)kin); out. Where there are platfonnn ii*ni|M>nmly 
un«Hf*ii|ii«<<i hy ^niH they will Ik* ineluthNl in the nyular MTiet* (»f nunilii*rini;. The 
l»ii*it<»i I if nth«*r Iiatt4>ri«fi will lie niimhi*nN| fnmi riyht to left. 

40M* At all iMwitH with tlx«*«l liatteriit* a lM>ok will U* kept, known an the Pout 
I{<Mik <if Artillery li«*iiinl, in whirh, under thetlinvtion of the fNint (^oniniamier, will 
lie enten**! th«* nuinlM*rfif itu'h nitmntiil inin. iti* ealiUT, weii^ht, iiainen of fminder 
an<l inr'iNt'ttir, ami other iiiarkn, the 4li'M*ripti<»n of itn earriairi', whencv n'tvived, 
<Uteof riHi^pt at |MiHt« and the (rn*at4«i<t field of fin* c»f the inin in |MNiition. Thia )MM>k 
will lie fuminlHil hy th«* (^nlnantv m*|iartnieut; inntnietionH f(»r kivping it will lie 
found in th«* fmnt |«Mri*H. 

40#. Th«* foiiiinandin}; general of eaeh di*|uirtnu*nt within which then* an* imatii 
(M-iiipii*«l hy «*<iai«t artillery will, with the appmval of the Ominuuidinic General of 
th«* Anny. M'hii a foni|N*tent tirltl ofti<vr of artiller>\ not a (^tilonel, to U* attai*hed 
to till* th*|mrtnH*nt ntaff. who will U* dei«i)n)ate<l the artillery inH|ii*etor. lie will 
|ierfonii hucIi duti«*** in mnneetitin with hin ann ai« may U* awiinunl to him hy the 
dr|iartmi'nt <-ommander, make Hueh inH|HHiionH of the artillery tnM)|ii«and material 
in th«* ile|i:irtm«*nt ai* may In* onlen^l hy tli«* S*en*tary of Wari anil n*|M»rt thereon 
U* the di'iiartnifut rommander. 

410. Thi* iiimmandint; otfi<vr of ea4*h iMint when* then* an* Axed )iatt4*riifi liearing 
u|ion a rhaiin«*l hiII call \i\nm the Kntrimvr l>i*|iartment for aivurate chartu 
HhoHini! tiM' )««inndiiikp« Hiihin rantp'of the truuf*. TIh'm* chartn will lie elaliorat«*(l aa 
pn^'riUil hy ini'tnictioni* an<l iri'ncral <inh*rH ipiveniin^ artillery pnuiin*. 

411* The detailH of the iiiethotU of oindui'tin^T the t4><*hnical iiiKtmciion of 
artillery tnMi|v«. taiv«*t pnu'ti<v with ciubit ami tield artillery, and the artiller>' (*tMn- 
}M*titionH Hill U* pnfM-riU**! in onlep^anil in.-'tnictionH iwuin^: from the Iliiii|t|iiarteni 
of the .\niiy. .\ny fleviation fn>ni the pn-MTiUil meth<HlM mni<t In* Minctiom*il hy 
the de|i:irttii«*tit t-oiitiiiander. 

4I)I« All olliivr- of nrtillery will U* iMii-onnun**! to Muhmit. thmutrh pn*|H*r clian- 
neU, Nii(n!<'*tion?* Hiitl de\in*^ for iiiipro\int; pn*«4*riU«<l nu'thotlH. I'hanirei* affeiiinft 
theauthorixevl Manual of Tim^t .\rtillerv will In* puhli.oh«tl in Artillery Menioramla 
fnim the .\djulaiit-< ienenil*** (Hti<v. 

419* The alli'wuno* of ammunition f«>r the in^tniction of the <*iiaift ami fW*ld 
artiller\ aii«l for pntrtiee Hith m:u*hine iruti** will In* determine«l eai*h v«iir ami 

■ a * 

aiihoinM-wl in trenc'nil onirr- fn»iii the lltMi|i|uanei>- of the .\niiy. 

III. Tarvet- uuil tavv^'t material f'>r artiller> pnietiee will lN*pro\ideil hy the 
t>nlnanie lH'|ieirtiiient. The l^uanerm:u*tfr'« l»i'|iHrtment will furnif*h all n«<<'«*Mmry 
a<^i«tani«' iti plai imr. nMimxinir. an<l i-torinir tarvct^. 

IIA. Ill Hildiiitin to Miili n*|H trip 4if> may U* ntitiin-il hy inKtnirtionN and onlem 
i^i\erniiik' artilliT) proi-tiie, the timimandint! o(tii<«<r of a |ii>"t, lottery, or coin|iftny 
Hill fiirwanl for thf iiifi*niiatiMii «>f the Chief ••( Ofihiam^'. on form« Hipplii^l hy tlie 
Onltiaiiiv- lH*|«irtnieht. a n*|Htrt *4 ea«-h -ln't tiri*il m prartici*. in«tniction, and acti\*e 

MTMei*. 



60 SMALL-ARMS PRACTICE. 

ABTICI4E XUV. 

Small-Abmr Pra(tice. 

416. Small-armtf practice will l)e conducte<i in acc^onlance with tlie authorized 
firing regtilatioHH and onlere from the War DeiMirtinent. The pt»ri(Ml Ki»ltH!te<l for 
l>nu'ti(*e on the ran^ will be announced annually by de|)artnient cotiinianderH, who 
will alHo puhliHli the renultM of the firing and the nainen of qualifiiHi Hhar]H4h< voters. 
AH onlers «\»ntaining inntructions to govern either preliminary metlKKln or practice 
with the rifle, ('arhine, or revolver, will Ik? iHHue<l from the Ih'wltpiarterH (»f the 
Annv. 

417. Ueport8 an to the amount of instruction im{>artiHl and the degret* of efficiency 
attaine<l will U^ renderiHl only aM requinnl l>y the firing regulationn fi>r Rmall arms, 
or by onlers iHHued fn>m the IleadcjuarterH of the Anny. Tlie necewar}' books and 
blanks will Ih* Huppliinl by the Ordnamv I>ei>artment. 

41 8. The allowanctv of cartridges for target pructict*, together with the values of 
small-anus anuiiunition and of the comjionent )>arts ther(*ot, will U* pid>lishe<l 
annually in general onlers. 

419* The aggregate allowan(*e of ammunititm for any comimny will l>e ex]M*ndod 
at such times durin,j; the yi'ar as the department conunander may diriH't, or, in the 
aljeence of si)ecific directions, as tlie jMist and com|)any commanders may detennine. 
When not useil in target practi<'e, annnunition may, in the discn^tion of the |MiHt 
and com|)any c<^mmanderp, \n* expended in hunting. 

490. Com}>any coniman<lers will keep a |K>nnanent rtHX>nl for each calemlar year 
(»f the ammunition ex|)ende<l in target firing at vuvh practice*. Any exiK'nditun* in 
excess of authorized allowances will l>e charge<l to the officer ac<*ountable. Ammu- 
nition not expende<l at the end of the calemlar yi*ar will Im^ no hmgi^r available. 

431. The Onlnance DejMirtment will provide the rtHjuisite targets, streamers, and 
flags. The (piartennaster will set up the taiyets, pre|»are the range, and (^»nstni(*t 
slielters for the markers. Flour for making i^aste for ust* in targt^t pnu*tici> will Iw 
issued bv the (M>nnnissarv. 

4)ld* Wlien^ hunting for large game is prai^ticable the men will U' encouragi>d to 
hunt, and for this pur|M)se com|)any commanders may |Ntnnit their men to pun'hase 
cartridges, if the supply warrants it, sucli sales t<» l»e ai*ct>untiHl for on tlie rL*tums of 
ordnance. 



RCMTRRA. 61 

ABTICIiB XLV. 

KuKTEK, DnrACIIXKN'RI, AND DaII.Y SbRVICS. 

THK ROHTKR. 

4)l<i. A niiitcr in a liKt (»f otliivni or men for <liity, with a n*<*(»nl f •( the duty |ic*r- 
ff*niK'<l )»v i*9n'h, iiviwn\\\\ <letailM for duty art* 8o luaile that tlit* out* lnniet*»it <»ff w 
thi* finit for dt*tai]. iHftailM k(» iiiadt* an* Haid to tic tiiailt* hy niHtt*r. 

4M* All <i«*tailH for Hi>r\*i<v in garriMin and in the tU'ld. •*X(f|»t th<* aut honied 
H}»«^Mal and t*xtra-<lnty dt*taili<. will Im* by nintfr; but (»tii4<t>rH or «'nliHtt«d Hi«*n, whi*n 
dftailt*d, niUHt M*r\'t*. wh<*th«*r a n««tt*r 1m* kt*|it or not. Ilavin^r |ri*rfonuf<l tlit* M*r\'- 
ict*. th«*y may apfM'al t<» ini|H*rior authority if th«*y (UH*ni th«*m'M*lvt*H aiorrii*vi<<l. 

4)l«l. The dutii*)* |ierfonii«il hy nif*t4*r an* of two claiMt*. Th«* tirnt cimiiinwii, (1) 
out|NM(ti*: (2) interior ^lanln. inrludin^r Htahle fnuinln; (li) ih*tai'hmf*nti* to |init4H*t 
lalNin*n« im military wurkH; (4) anni*<l workinj; iiartit*}* on mirh workn. Tht* M*t'nn(l 
t'«>m|>riH(i< all oth«*r duti«*H and fatitnu*. in or out <if th«* ^rrintin or <*am|>. 

•IM. Th«* nwt(*n« an* dintimi for i*a<*h clai**. OflicfrH an* nam<*<l on thvm in the 
onh'f <<f rank. lK*tailH an* made in i(ii(x*eM«ion actimlinir to rratter. U'^inninf; at the 
hfail. 

•1)17. I «i(*u tenant -<'« lit »n<*ls and majont an* on om* nK<t«*r, and may U* di*tai]i*il when 
till* im|HirtAn<v of tin* duty n*i|uin'»« it. In the tlt*ld th«*ir nw*ter i;< kept at «livii«ion 
anil hritniilf* ht*ail<iiiani*n«. Captaini* fonu one nii<tt*r and are <*x«*mpt fn>m onlinary 
fatitni** dulii-»<. A «*aptain mmmandinir a Inttalion in «*x«*mpt fn»ni detail, and duty 
falliuK to him |iaiwii. Lii*utenanti« fonn one nN<t4*r, and firnt an<l M*tii*nfl lii'iitenantu 
an* t*nt4*n'<l altfniati'ly. St*nn'ant#(, (*or|N»ralH, muficianH, ami privatt*!* fonu diMinet 
n »Ht4»n». 

■I^^« < Mt'Kvn*. niin«i»mmiwione<l (*f1i<vn<, and privati*H lakf duli«fi<if the tirvt claw 
in th«* «inl«*r Hiat4*il in |«ratfniph 4l!5, viz, tlii* tirxt ford«'tail takt*** tin* out|Mif«tf«, the 
n4>xt till* int4>ri«ir iruanN. and ho «in. In thoH* «»f the wi^aid ctaM* tht* M*nior «itli4vr 
taktft thi- larv«*f<t fiarty. Thi* |iarty tin<t f(»r «letail takei* the M-rvitt* out of i-amp. 

4^99. In making d«*tatlf l»y nir*ter. an otFitvr <*r 4*nliiitf«l man in i-ai-h day ('harve«l 
with th4> ntimU'r of ilayn that he han n*main<«d pnt4*nt an«l availahle nttwv the 
U-^iniiin^ *»i Win \At*t t«»ur. IVfiartun'v* fmm thin nih* may U* authiiriii*<l hy the 
c^immandiu); otlioT wh4*m*vi'r a i<tri(*t appiitntitiu wnultl ullow impni|ii*r advantaici* 
or work hanlfihip. 

4*IO* \Vh«'n an otliivr hait UfU ili*tailf«l and ii* not pn*M>nt i>r availahli* at the 
hour of uian-hintr. thi* m*xt aftrr him taki*** the <luty. \Vhi*n an Mut|iiiHt har* {mmh^I 
till* rhain of m«ntini*U. or an inti*nMr iruanl ha^' n'ai'lu-^l itj« |m»«*t. tin* dttiifr i»li4«ie 
tiHir it HMf* t-Mi not takf it unli-w wi iirh>n'«l hy thf «-iimmandiiiu' ••lli«i*r, hut mi«*- 
ei'vil- tfi ilu* tour o( till* oiliiiT who ha^* tak«-n hif. 

431. iMitii*?* iif till* lir^t flafv* an* «'n*ilit*^l <>ii th«* r>ot«'r whi'U tin* iruanl- or di'tai'h- 
nn-fit- \iA\*- |ituv4<«l tht* i'hain «if M*ntinfU nr an inti-ri'ir tfuanl haj» niM*hi*«l it^ |M«it; 
iith*r diitii-", Hhi'U till* |«irtii-»i ha%i* I'Uti'n'vl U|>ou Iht'ir inTftinnami*. 

ISt)l. All ••(hf-«T Mf ••nlif*ti«il man «in «luty i»i tin* tir^t • lai««. nr hImi if* n«*\t fiir«li«|jiil 
fur «iiih iliit) . i* uvaitahh*. Hhrn n*lii'Vf«l. f<ir «hity ••( tht* M-«-i*tid rlaM* that han fallt*n 
ti* hiui ihihnir that timi*. Kx«vpt in ••m4'ivi*n<*i«''> n<* iliity will !«• r«i|uin'«l nf the 
oM ••tlufr *»i thi* 'lay nr thi* o|f| imani until four h<itin»Hft4*r thi*y ha\i* U^'ti rflii'vi^il. 

433. Ntlilii'pi nuin-h anu«*«l, ami if m'^-i-wnrv. fully ••«|uip|M'«l. **u ail dutii*« *»i the 
fir^t • \aum. 

434. Ill thi* «ii\alr\. di^miMmli**! tiifu and thm- vthiMi* lH»r-<— an- n^t tit f<ir ^•r\'- 
ii-t* an* pn*fi*m'«l fi»r all dif«m«iunti^l detail** M*>imt«'«l mi-n an- n«-\i'r empl«>yii| mi 
m*-h M*r«'i<v if th«* numlit^r uf iliauKMinttMl m4*n u* fiutti4'iciit. 



62 DETACHMENTS DAILY SERVICE. 

43ft* In the field, every enliHtiNl man of the cavalry <1etaile<l for disniounted Hcrv- 
ice will, before he iiian^hc^s, take to the first nergeaiit of Iuh tn)oi> his* horse etjuip- 
mentM and saddle, reatly i>acke<l. In cauK* of alarm the iintt seii^*aiit sees tliat the 
horses of these men are (H]uip{)ed and UhI t4> the rendezvous. 

436. Field and siege batteries serving with other tnM)]^ will i>erfonn their own 
guard, police, ami fatigue duty, and officers and men will \m exempt from detail for 
other duty of like charairter, except when in the judgment of the jxwt (*ommander 
the necessities of the service will not i)ermit such exemption, in whidi trahe he will 
immediately report his action ami the circumstances to the dei>artment conmiander. 

437. Detachments of the Signal Corj^* nhall l>e exempt from detail for any other 
duty, except when, in the jmlgment of the commanding officer, the importance of the 
duty will not permit exempti<m, in which case he will immediately report the cir- 
cumstances and his action to his superior conmmnder. 

DETACHMENTS. 

43fl. As far as the exigencies of the si*rvice will i>ermit, detairhments for amuni 
service will l)e forme<l l>y taking liattaiions, comimnies, platoons, or other svbdivi- 
sions in turn« acconling to the roster. 

439* Officers or enlisted men detaiknl for detache<l service wliile on other <lutv 
will be relieved from that duty if they can reach camp in time to march with the 
detachment. 

440. When a detachment is to l)e formed from tlie different organizations of a 
commaml, the adjutant or a<ljutant-gencral fonns its contingent, verifies the details 
and sends it to the place of assembly, or turns it over to the detachment (*onmiander. 

441. When detachments mi»et, theconunand 'n* n^gulatinl while they serve together 
as if they foniie<l one command, but the senior otfi«*er<"an not prttv€»nt the commander 
of any detachment from moving whf*n lie thinks pro|>er to execute the onlers he has 
received. 

44tl. On the return of a detachment its commander re]M>rts to the hca<l<iuarters 
from which he received his onlers. 

DAILV SKKVICK. 

443« There should l>e daily at least two roll calls, viz, at n*veille and n*treat. 
Commamling ollitvrs may als4> onler roll calls in siHH'ial dual's at HU<'h tiini»s as they 
deem nei'essary. The roll will Ik' calltnl on the <>onii»any (laradc by the fin*t seiyt^nt, 
superintendiHl by a commi.»*sione<l olficer. If <'<»ini)ani(>H an' (|uartenMl togt^ther or in 
i*ontiguous liarracks, one ofii<t»r may suiterintend then>ll ail! of two or mon* of them 
provide<l he ("an do s<» efiiciently, commanding otfiivr>) nvnlatingtlie pnictitv in this 
reganl. Onlinarily then> will not l>e any foriimtion for mil call at tatt<M), but the 
prescrilxMl signal will Unsounded, and fifteiMi minuti^s tben'after lights in s({uad nwuns 
will l)e (^xtingtiishiMl and all noist's and loud talking will iva>H>. (*all toipiarters will 
l)e sounde<l af 10.45 p. m , ami tai»s at II. At tai>s all lights not authoriztNl by the 
commanding o(fi(vr will Ih* extingiiisluMl and the fir>«t s(>rg(*ant or other noncommis- 
siom^l offiivr, as the com|>any <'ommander may dinH*t, will in.'«|H'ct I'lU'h com|kany 
and re])ort to theofiicer of the day the names of all unauthoriziMi al)scntei*s. Reveille 
n>ll call in garrison will not onlinarily take plaiv earlier than r>..'(0 a. tn. in smnmer, 
or H..'K) a. m. in winter. .\t n'tn^at roll call the tnN)i)s an* brought to|karaib* rent and 
so n^iiiain during the sounding of n>tn'iit. 

444. Mi*ss (*all will Ih> s<mnd(Ml <lailv as follows: For bnnikfast, fifttH.'n minuter 
after n*veille roll call; f<»r dinner, not earlier than V2 m. nor later than 12.15 p. m.; 
for supiMT, not earlier than 5 nor later than ti.IM) p. m. Meals for cnlistc<l men will 
be served prvinpily at the hours appointed, and the duties of the post, as far as com- 



ROLL CALLS — HONORS. 63 

|Miti)>l4* with tlu* nN|uin*iiientfi of tli<* w»r>*i<v, will U* mi arrantn^l tliat all the «*nlii*te«l 
im*ii tiijiv U* pn'Hent. Thf> iiirii will U* allowc<l at K*af<t twviitv iiiiniit«**< for hn«kfaHt 

• • • 

an<l Hii|>|MT ati<l thirty iiiiniit4*H for <liiiri«*r. 

4'l«l« Kxit'pt at th«* «vn*ni(»iiy of |iaraili\ tlu* rifiilt of a ri»ll mil will Im» n*|N>rtf*«l 
aft4*r thr i*<oiii|«in<ft hav«* licc^n diHiiiiMw**!. to tht* ntlioT Kii|N'ritit4*n(liii}; thi* call, who 
H'ill n*iMirt th<* n*fitilt to thiMiminiaiuiiiiy ottiivr. 

446* III (Hiiiii and learriHoii tlu* miiiiiiaiiilitii; otlWr t\xvtt tht* hiMin* fi»r n>|HirtJi, 
ii«(ii<f<, ami nill chIIh. and for tlu* |»«*rfonnaniv of Htat«*d dutic?* and fatimi«*i«. In gar- 
nHi»n, n*tn*at will In* at HiiiiM't. Tlu* niirnalH will U* Honiidt*<l hy the field nnuiiciana 
in ac^tinlamt* with anth(»ri»*«l ilrill nynhitionH. 

147. After hn-akfant, and after Ktahle duty in the iiivalry. the tenti< or ({uartirn 
an«l a«lja4vnt in^mnd will U* |M)liet*il hy the men nf th«* «*<mi|ianiiy and the inuinl- 
l:i»iM* iir i^ianl tent hy the |>rtaonen<, tir hy iiienilii*r>« i»f the irnani if th(*re U* no 
iirijHin«*r>«. 

I4M» The nioniintr re|MirtH of the oini|iaiiii*H. }«i(;n«'<l hy the oinifiany eonunandeni 
.ind fin*t i«erireanti«, will In* handt*<i to the adjutant iM'fnre K o*rlo«*k in the niomintr 
:ind will U' (*iinH«>lidate<] hy him within the next hi»nr. The eoib«oli«lat4il n*|iort will 
U' Hipietl hy the eomnuuidinir otlin*r and the adjutant. 

ABTIOLE XLVI. 

lloNolW. (VUKTiatllV. ANI> OkKMmMIX. 

HoN'OKN. 

44II* Thfotrnvrcname*! U*low will h«*n*i'eiv«<«l withHtnndanUandmltinidroppinir, 
<»lh<i*r>« an«l tnMi|iM Kalutini;, and the l«ii«li< and field muHic iilayimr. a^ follc»WH: Tlie 
Treiiident. till* iVi^ii lent 'h Mareh; the<teneral. thetienenilV Manh: the Lieutenant- 
<H*nend iir tht* M a jo r-< General Comniandiiii? the Anny. tninifietf* Miundintr thrtt* 
floiirifilHv or •Inimx U-atiuK thret* nittleit; a maj«tr-tfenenil. t wo ti«*uh?>hif« or two nitHtv; 
a hniniiilifr-|{«*nt*nil. **uv f\*mni*h or f>ne niltle. 

I«MI* T<i th«* Vi<v*i*nf«iilent. the nu'nitierH nf the (*ahiii«*t, thet'hief .luntio*. the 
l*nf*i«li*nt «if the S4*nate, the S|NMker of the IhiUM* i»i Uepn'M*ntative»i, Amerii'an or 
fiiD'ttrn aml«f«4ii|iin*, and pivertiorfi w itiiln their n'?*|N'<-tive Statif and Territories* tlH* 
mmi* hMiifin« an* |«iid a** to the <fi*nenil; ti» the Awi«>tant S«*<*n*tary «»f War and to 
AtiH'hiiin **r fon'itrn i'nv«fy<* or minlMer)*, tin* Nim<* hnnop* hh tn the I.ientenant-<ien- 
«'nil. ti • M|liei*n« of tin* Na%y th«* hiiuon* duf !«• thfir UM^nnilalitl «ir n*lati\i* rank; to 
fifliii'n* nf marim'^ and \<>luiit«'«*r>. and militu whfti in tht* M*r\ifi* «»f the l*nite<l 
State**, tht* hnnoni «lue tn likf trra«|tfi in th«* nvular ««'rvi«-«'. !•• otliivpi nf a forei|cn 
i«er\'ii-e the honnrf* due tn their rank. 

4^1. The natiniial **r nviniental (*ti|«ir nr Mandanl. uniUM-d. i>ah«>inif a iruani or 
<ith«*r anne«I UhIv will U* •^iluti^l. tht* iii*ld iiHi**i<- rMtun<lini; "tn the f*<i|nr" or **iu 
the Mandanl." otliii*p* nr eidi»tf«l men fiaf^ini; tin* tun -.am**! i-nhrr will n*ndfr th<* 
pn'M*ril«*d i«ilute: with nn armii in hand, the ^qihitt* will )■' ma<le hy unmvennir. 

IA)I. Nn hniMir«an' fiaid hy tnMi|<i whfn nnthf manh or in tn^m he«and nmgiliite 
i« n*ntl«*r«<il whfii manhiiitr in dtmhlt* timt* 'ir at Iht* tr*! ••r irallf»p. 

4^<i* The I'onimaiidiiitf <»tliii*r i« f«lute«l hy all «-<>tiinii«»inn«'i| nthifp* in «^iiiiman«l 
of tr<H»|«* nr tletai'hinentii Tr<M*|w* undt-r arm*i will Huliiti* a- pn*^ nU*il in lirill 
rvimlatinnri 

4A4. All offti^'P* naliitf nil meftimr an«l in nmkiiiir *»r n'«fi\iii;; nfriiial r«*|Hirt^. 
Military enurttfiy ntpiire* tin* juni>*r tn ivtlul** tin*t. hiit whfii the •^iliitf i« iiitr««ltir- 
t<»ry tn ii re|*>rt ma«l<* at a militarv iii-n'nMiii\ ••r t"rtii;tiiitii t" tin* ri-pn-«-iitativ<* nf a 
eviiiiini*!! iiii|it*nnr ai* fnr exampU-. U* tin* ikIjmMiiT. ••iIhit ••( tin- da\, «*tr lh4*o(ll- 
err uiakiiif the rvpurt, whatever bi« rank, wiii •ulnit- ripit. the uthivr lu wbuiu the 



64 HONOBS SALUTES WITH CANNON. 

report w made will acknowledfi^ by saluting;, tliat lie ban nH^uviMl aiul iiiulerHtood 
tbe report. Wben under anuH tbe nalute is made witb tbe Hwonl or nalier if <irawn; 
otherwise witb tbe band. A mounte<l officer dismounts liefore atldn^Hsinj]^ a superior 
not mounted. 

4fkfk. On official oc(rasions, officers wben indoors and under anns do not um^over, 
but salute witb tbe sword if drawn; otberwise witb tbe band. If not under arms, 
tbey uncover and stand at attention, V>ut <lo not salute exct^pt wben making or 
receivinjf n'ports. 

456. Wben an en1iste<l man witbout anns imsses an f)tricer be salut<^ witb the 
band farthest from tbe officer. If mounte<l, bt» salutes witli tlie rijfbt band. ()ffi<'erB 
are saluted wbetber in uniform or not. 

457. An enliste<l man, arme<l witb tbe saber and out of ranks, salutes all officers 
witb tbe sab(*r if drawn; f>tberwise be salutes witb tbe band. If on f<N)t and armed 
witb a rifle or carbine, be makers tbe rifle or carbim* salute. A m<iuntiHi soldier dis- 
mounts befon* addressing an oflit'er not mount (k1. 

458. A non(X)mmissione<l officer or private in command of a detacbment witbout 
arms salutiw all offii*ers witb tbe ban<l, but if tbe detacbment Ik* on f(X>t and anned 
witb tbe rifle or carbine, be maki*s tbe rifle or carbine salute, and if anned witb a 
saber, be salutes witb it. 

450* An enlisted man, if seate<l, rm*fi on tbe approach of an oflicvr, fac(*s toward 
him and salutes. If standinfr, be faces tbe offi(*er for tbe same ]»uriM»s(\ If tbe par- 
ties remain in tbe same plac^e or on tbe same ground, sucb (*ompliments nee<l not be 
repeattnl. Soldiers actually at work do not cease work ti> salute an officvr unlew 
addressed bv bim. 

460. An enliste<l man makes tbe presi*ril)iHi salute witb tbe weapon be is anned 
witb, or if unanne<l, wbetber covertHl or uncovere<l, witb tbe ban*!, Ijefon* addn^Hsing 
an oflicer. lie also makes tbe same salute after rt^-eiving a n*])ly. 

461. In<loors, an unamie<I enlistetl man uncovers and stantls at attention u|K>n 
tbe appnMU'b of an <»ffici»r; be does not salutr unU^ss be a<ldn»sses <»r i.** addnn«4ed by 
tbe officer. If anned be salutes as ben»tofort» prescrilnnl, witbout uncovering. 

46d. Wben an officer enters a nM>m wben* tbert»an»sol<liers, tbe woni "Attention" 
is given by stmie one wbo {)erceivi*s bim, wben all ris4' and remain standing in tbe 
position (»f a soldier until tbe offi<vr U>av(*s tbe r<K>m. Soldi<*rH at nu>als <io not rise. 

463* Soldiers at all tinu>s and in all situations imy tbe samo ccMupliments to offi- 
cers of tbe Anny, Navy, and Marines, to offitvrs of voluntei»rs and ofli(vrs of tbe 
militia in tbe ser^nce of tbe Tniteti States, as to ofticvrs of tbeir own nyiment, (*orp8, 
or arm of ser^'ice. 

4l^f. (>ffi<*ers will at all times acknowliMlgt* tbe ctnirtcsics of enlist(*(l mm by 
n*tuniing salut<*s given, in tbe manner pn's<'rilKHl in drill n^gtdations. Wben st^verai 
officers in comjiany an' saluted, all wbo an* entitliHl to tbe salute n'turn it. 

SAUTKS WITH CANNON. 

46«l. Sabiti*s will )h* fln^l U^twivn sunrisi* and suns4*t only, and, it*< a nil«*, not on 
Sunday. Tbe natitmal flag will always 1h* displaye<l at the tini«> of tiring a salutr. 

466. Tbe national s:ilute is 21 gims. Tbe salute to tbe rnion, comniemonitivo of 
tbe I>eclaration of Inde]H>ndenct* and ctmsisting of one gun for ca<*b State, is tinsi at 
ncN)n on July 4, at every i»ost pn>vide<i witb suitable artillery. 

467. Tbe Pn*sident, l>oth on bis arrival at ami de]iartun* fn>m a military {Nist, or 
wben in its vicinity, nnvives a salute of 21 gims. No otber iM>rs4inal salutt* is flnMi 
in bis pn'St'mv. 

46N. Tbe Vic<*-I*n'sident and rn^i<b*nt i»f tbe S«*naX(' and .\meri(*an or fonMgn 
jufiba^stttJofv receive a salute of lU guns; memU'rs of tbe Cabinet, tbe Cbief Justice, 



8ALUTE8 — VISITS. 65 

the Spmkfr f>f tlio Ilonup of Reprei«entativn<, a ooiniiiitU'O of ConirrrMi officially vinit- 
itifc a iiiilitary {»oiit, and f^)vcrnon^ within thvir raqMvtiw Statit* or Tvrntoriea, 
rwi*iv«* 17 ininH. A CiovfrnoMioneral rvri'ivcv a sahitv of 17 fpinn. The teim 
*'(ri>v(*m(»r-i;i*ni'nir* ifliall lie taken to mean an ailniiniytrativt* oflUvr under whom 
officen* with the title <»f jrovenior an» ai'ting. The Ar«iii<tant StH-retary «»f War, when 
offieially vi»*itinfr a militar}' {wiHt, reeeivi-ii !'> pmn. 

4#9. AnuTican or furei^n envt>yH or miniHtem n*<'eive \h muiH; niinifiten* nt«i<lent 
a(*(*iv<lite(l to the T'nit<*«] Staten, \l\ irnnH; ehannV d*affain*H, 1 1 (ninn; (tmHiiIi^-^'nerml 
an'reiliteil to the Tniti'^l Stat^i*, 1* minn. 

4 TO. The f*oven*iKii or ehief mairi^rate f>f a fiin*i^n numtry n'«viv(*fi th<* i«alute 
pnik^rilM**! fur the IVenident: mem)N*n« of a royal family re«vive the naliite due to 
their f«ovi'ri*ii;n. 

471. TheftrniTal nnxMvet* a tsalute of l7fninH; tlu* Lieutenant -^ieneralO mi mand- 
ini; tlie Anny, \n ininn; a major-ireneral, 13 inmn, and a )>ripulier-^MieraK 11 fninn. 

474* An ntlifvr aM«i^e«l to duty a4*(*onlin^ t«> hin hrt*vet rank in entitUxi to the 
Halutr preM'riUil for the irrade to whieh hi* in aMHi^ni*<l. 

473. Ah a rule, a |M*n«onaI Halute in tirtNl when the iH*rM>nairt* entitU*<l to it i*ntent 
a \nmX. 

474. A triMieral otfitvr if miluttNl Uit on(*e a year at ea«*h pott, when notitv of hifl 
intmtion to vi^it it )iai« Uvn triven. A retire<l j^'neral otiiivr makin^c an otheial vinit 
i- Malutiil a«*e«>nlin^ t'l hitfinnde. When M*vrnil |N*rM>nH, <*a(*h of whom ii* entitled 
to a Malutf. arrive together at a |M«(t, the hiirhent in rank or fMiHition in alom* Nilute<i. 
If th«'V arrive rninti^'ivelv, ea«*h in nalutetl in tuni. 

47«(. otritvn* of the Navy are Hahitiil a«'<*«>nlintr to their n*lative njik: otfuvr^ of 
iiiarin«tH and of th«* voIunt«H'r fontw or militia in the M•r^'i<v of the Tnited Statti* and 
oHiivrfi of ftin-itni m*r\'i('ei* an> mlutc**! ai'^eonlin^ to rank. 

476. Th*' Haluti* to a national tlat; in '2\ fic^iiif*. 

477. It ii* thr ruftom of foreifni («hi|«i of war, on rntennf; a harUintr fiaHKinf; UMtr 
a fortitiiration. t4i hoii^t at the fore the flair (^f the omntry in whoM* waterfi they are, 
anil to mluti* it. On the itimpMion f»f the Halute to the fla^r. a nalutt* ni the name 
nmnlNT of iruni* will Ije promptly rt*tume<l by the nearevft fort or liatter>'. If there 
U* wveral fi»rti* or Imtterii'H in Hiffht, or within H miles* of ea(*h other, the Malutinir 
station yk'xW n*tuni the Halute. Tnit*"*! Staten vei-wln n>tuni Haluten to the tiatr in 
I'niteil Statc'f mateni onlv when then* w no fort or hatterv to do m*. Tnitevl Stat<*a 
vowIh do Hot ftalute I'niteil States fortii or |M«<tH. 

47«i. Salulimr Htationn, for th«' puriMw of retuniintr the falnt4ir« of fonMtrn men-of- 
war in the |HirtH and territorial water* of the I'nitiil Stat«i*, will U* d«fiiifnateii in 
ordern. from time ti» time, hy the Adjutant-^ General of the Army. 

470. When a rivil funetionarv entitUtl to a nalute urrixen at m mililarv f««it the 
rommandini; itffii^-r meetii or (*allH U|M>n him an mMin an prartii'aMe. and will tender 
him a n*vieH. if the ipirriMin ninHiHtH of not lew than fouriMm|ianieH. When a gen* 
eral ottiit>r \i<*itft a |h^ within hit* <iimmand, the triH>|«* will lie fvinwletl fur rpview, 
unlewi he •lin'v'lji othennim*. Whena iwhite if* to U* tfiven an ollioT junior to another 
preM'Ut at a \»mt, the M*nior will lienotiti«*«l to thateff«^*t hy the i*<»mmandintf otfi(i*r. 

4ti#. The Hiiir of « military |MNit will not U> dipinol hy way of Halute nr iymii- 
pliiiM'nl. 

viKiTH «^(l• ii>Mm>i»> 

4«il. Of)if<en* arrivinir at the he«<li|iuiner« nf h ti-rritorial de]i«rtment. military 
command, ^rat a military* |««*t, will mil n|«in the i-i>mmaniler then<i*f a^i ^»*u an 
praiiimhle utiil nirintiT their iiam«ia. If the \ i*>itinir otrii-«*r he •«'hior t«i the mni- 
mander. the fomier mav M*nd a i-anl. in mhii-h ihm* it lHM*iim«*ii the dutv of the 
ojiiimaiider to make the tin*t mil 



66 VISITS. 

489* The interchange of official compliments and virats l)etween foreign military 
aiui naval officern and the authorities of a military post is international in character 
and openH the way to official and socnal courtesies among the officers. In cases of 
veHselH of war, foreign or otherwise, recently arrived, it is the duty of the post com- 
mander to KC^nd a suitable officer to offer civilities and assistance. This is called the 
•*l)oarding visit," and it is expected that this civility will lie retunied. Within 
twenty-four hours thereafter, weather permitting, the officer in chief command of 
the ship or ships will visit the officer in command of the post or station, should the 
latter \ye his equal or superior in grade. This visit will be returned within twenty- 
four hours. Should the naval officer in command be superior in grafle to the officer 
(H)mmanding the post or station the first visit will be paid by the latter. 

4H9. The interchange of visits between governors-general, govemon*, an<i other 
officers administering insular governments, and officers of- the Anny and Navy, are 
govemtnl by the following rules, which have received the approval of the Se<»reta- 
ries of War and the Navy: A definition of the term "govemor-generar' will be 
found in paragraph 408 of these Regulations. 

All naval officers in command shall make the first visit upon the governor-general 
whatever the latter's military gnule. Officers of the Army holding commands under 
a governor-general, or acting as governors of provinces, departments, or cities, shall 
make the first visit upon a naval commander in chief, if the latter is of equal or 
superior grade, as shall also civilian governors of provinces, departments, or cities. 

If not a i*ommander in chief, the first visit shall bi^ made by the senior naval offi- 
cer u{Mm officers of the Army holding command under a governor-general, or acting 
as governors of provinces, departments, or cities, if the latter are equal or superior 
in grade, and uix)n civilian governors of provinces, departments, or cities. 

Shouhl the governor-general l)e a ci\ilian, and tlierefore not holding dinn.! mili- 
tary ('onunand, the naval (H>mmander in chief shall make the first visit, lx)th upon 
the governor and the anny offitrer in cliief command of troops in the island or 
group of islands, if the latter is of equal or 8Ui)erior grade. 

Visits should l)e exchangetl under the above rules l)etween a naval commander in 
chief or senior naval offii*er: (1) With the governor; (2) the governor of a province, 
de|>artinent, or city; (3) the army officer in chief command at a pla<v where there \a 
a civil governor. 

Shoul<l the guvemor-gi^neral, or any other offi«»r a<lministering the government of 
an island, find that inm\ indis|Ni8ition or pn^ssun* of im]>ortant biu^ini'ss he is unable 
to pay or n»turn these* visits in jn^rson, he will depute his aid-<le-<'ami) or s«)me other 
officer to do so. In like manner, should a naval commander in chief, from indisiKM- 
tion or pn*ssinp o<ru{)ation, Iw prwludwl from {laying or ri'turning tluvi* visits, he will 
depute an offi(*er not Mow the rank of flag lieutenant to do so. In vavU case the 
otFuvr failing to {my the reciuiriHl visit in {M'reon will report the <*in*umstances, and 
assign the n^asons which le<l to the omission, to the Deiiartment under which he 18 
ac'ting. 

4H4. When a military conunander officially visits a vessel of war, he will give 
noti^f in advanct* of his intention to <lo so. He is re<vive<l at the gangway by the 
(*ominander of the vewel and is aaH)m|»anie<l thert» by the same ofli<vr when leaving. 
The olUtvr who is s<'nt with the cu.**tomary offer of civilities is met at the gangway of 
a vesfH'I of war by the offii'er of the dwk, and is ])r(*si*nte<l by the latter to the 
commander of the vt'ssel. 

4W5. .V ves.^'1 nf war is approached and l)oanle<l, by <'ommissione<l officvrs, by the 
starNianl ^side and gang^i'ay. In entering a lK)at, the junior goes first and other 
offiivrs follow in onler of rank; in U>aving a Ixiat, the senior gtx^s first. The latter 
acknowle<lgl*^| the salutes which are given at the gangway of a naval vessel. 

4W6. Naval vi'sst^ls fire personal salutes to otH(^>rs entitled to them when the IxmUa 
ountMJtung thoin have cleared the ship. It is an acknowledgment of the salute by 



ESCORTS — FUNERAL HOKOR8. 67 

the nffifvr niIiiUnI for hin Xnmt to lie on her oarn from the first ntitil the lart inui 
ami f«ir him to um*over; at the conclusion, to give way. Pervonal naluten are not 
rHum«'«l by military' i^oHti*. 

4 AT* In c-aM* of v«<A«elii of war of foreign powen* at peaiv with the T*nit4*<l States 
lying in «>ur iMirtMor harlion«ancl («lehrating their national f«*r<tivttii*H, thiMimimaniler 
of ("ai'h fort, )iatt4*ry, or military |MM<t may iiartioijiate in the tvlehmtifin hy tiring 
saluteH, pannling rommaii<lH, etc. In Huch a cam* the tlag «>f the rnit<*<l Stateit will 
U* hoiKt«*(l an<l lowere<l tunmltaneoiu«ly with that of the nhip on U»anl <»f which the 
celebration <M-ctirH. 

IBICX>KTH (»P HONOK. 

4AM, KticortHof honor *nay l>e (*<impoHecl of travalry, artillery, or infantry, or of all 
anni*, ai*cr»nling t4i the cintnnHtanctv. They ai>* <letaile<l for the purfxM* of nn-eiving 
aiHl «i<i-«»rting |N*nM»nagii*«»f high rank, Hvil (»r military, when they arrive and defiart. 
TIm* tnHi|iH for thin i>nr|MM* will lie M*le(*t4M| for their HoMierly apiH'aramv ami Kii|ie- 
rior ilifv'ipline, and an* fonnetl and maneuven««l an preKi*riU*d in the authoriuMl drill 
n-giilatiom*. The |MN<t (*ommander in eac*h cane will detail an oftitvr to attend the 
pentonage eHcortiil, and liear communication!* from him to the conunantler of the 
CMit>rt. 

Kl'XKJL%L IIONUKK. 

4MI* tNi th«* rettMpt at any \H>t^ or ctunp (»f otTuMal noiitv <if the di-ath of the 
lYiitidi-nt of till* Tnitixd Stativ, the conmianding oHiivr will, cm the following day, 
(«UM*agmi ti> U* lln*d every half hour, licginning at Hunrine and ending at Hunitet. 
When |H*ili« are in night or within (> milex of (-ai'h other the tiring will take platv only 
at the |M«Mt conimanthxd hy the Heni(»r otiitvr. 

4#0« On the day of intennent of a S«vn*tary of War or the <%immanding <ieni*ral 
of th«* Aniiy a gun will lie lire^l every half hour, U>ginning at Hinrim*, until the 
fuiM*nil priMi-'^ion mf»v«<»i. 

491* The onlen* announcing theflt«th of a gi*neral officxT im the aciive or ri'tired 
liM. or «ither fwDMin entitle^l toa Milute«»f i-aimim, will H|ii*<*ify the numluT of gum* to 
U* lin-tl at half-hour inter\'alH, cominenring at H o'clock a. m. on the day after the 
re«vipt iif the < inter. I hiring the tiring the flug will U* dif<playe<l at half-Maff. The 
nuniN'r <if ginif* to mhieh the de«*f^ai«e«l wai* entitled will he tinil. The \nmXf at which 
they fhall U* tinil will U* dt*i«igiiatt*<l in theonlem. 

49^0 When the fum'raJ **( an otiiivr, wlm wa^* entitle^l t«» a Malute, taketi place at 
or tH<ar a military \»^l^ minute guni< ^i\\ U* tin'^l while the n*iiiatnfi an- U'ing liome 
til the pla«v 111 intennent, hut the numlier **( giiiiH hiII not ex<t^il that to which the 
ftilii-er mill* entith^l a«* a dilute, .\fler the n-maim' an*ile|N««it4*«l in the grave a milule 
o»rn**i|HiiHlinir to the rank of the tliNi-aM**! will U* flntl. in a<ldition to thnt* Halvoi* of 
artilk'rv or lhn*«* \olle\M of nuiriketrv. 

# • • 

499* If the n'liiaiiiri of a tlag titthvr of the Navy an* hn Might anhon* in the vicinity 
of a military {nM, the tlag will In* diftplayi^l at lullf•^taff ami minute inmn will In* 
lin*il aii the pnn'i'w^iiiii iimvef*. The nmnU*r of guni* nill N* that to vthieh the otiiivr 
mai* entitle* I ^ a Malut«'. 

194* Ihiriiii! th«* funeral «if a eivil fumiionary. who wai* entitU<il to a nalute, the 
flag ifi ilii<pla>«ol at half-«taff and minute gum* an* tin<il. 

49ft« On t\u* th-ath of an ullii-er at a military |a*it the flag ij*flif*play«<«l at half-fitaff 
ami fki n*niain<>. U'twei*u n^VfilU* ami n'tn^at. until the lai*t Mhoor \olley ii* fln'vl 
over tlie grave. «»r if the n'maiiifi mr%* not intern'*! at the puia, until tlH>y an* ninov«M| 
tKen*fn>m. 

49Qm Ihirim; the funeral of an enli**tf^l man at a fnilitary |MHit the flag ii*diiqilay«<«l 
at lialf-ntaff. It if* h<>ip>t4^l ti»the ti»p after the tinal volU'v or gun if lin*<l, or after the 
reiuaina an* taken fn»m the \Mmi. The Mune huuuni an* |«id on tlie uccaaiun of tlie 
funerml of a rrtirvd enlisted man. 



58 INflPECfTIONS VISITd TO DEFENSES. 

396. Smoking or fire will not be allowed in the vicinity of a magazine. Should 
a fire amdentally occur near by, the ventilator and windows will be immediately 
closed and the building (rovered with paulins or blankets saturated with water. No 
attempt should V>e made to remove the contents. 

307. Such articles as loaded nhells, fuses, friction primers, water caps, rockets, 
and fireworkn will never be put in a magazine containing powder. 

308* Ix)a<le<l Hhells will not be fuseii until there is occasion for firing them. 

390* Penthouses and other nhelterM of similar character for seacoast artillery will 
not \ye provided, and the <leterioration of artillery material must be prevente<l by the 
unremitting (rare and watchfulness of the officers and troo|)s to whom the use and 
care of the nuKlem anuaments are c<mfide<l. 

IN8l»Bm<)N>. 

400. In order to properly carry out the spirit of the foregoing regulations, the 
weekly inspections of the various companies will be held — weather {N*rmitting — at 
the guns, for the care <»f which they are severally responsible. The regular monthly 
inspection of the i)ost will include that of the guns, and thus the \wsi commanderB 
will l>e enabled to deteniiine how well the comf^any commanders have |)erformed 
their <luties, and what progn'ss has l)een made in familiarizing the tr(M>i)s with the 
duties which are required of them. The last day of each (|uarter a report in writing 
of the inspection will be made by the post or battalion commanders through depart- 
ment headquarters for the information of the C'ommamling General of the Army. 

401* In the annual reports of department conmianders of their personal inspec- 
tions as re(|uired by paragraph 211 of these n^gulations, the condititm and working 
onler of these Imtteries of position will Ik» rei)orttHi, but any cAse of neglect will be 
maile the subject of a speiual re{K)rt. 

ARTICLE XLn. 

VISITS TO LAKE AND SEACX>A8T DEFENSES. 

409* Kxc<»pt by siHH'ial authority of the Secretary of War, no persons, other than 
officers of the Anuy and Navy of the TnitiHl States and persons in the ser\ice of the 
Unit<Ml States employiMl in dinrt connwtion with the ust*, (M)nstniction, orc^reof 
these works, will \h* allowc<i to visit any |M)rtion of the lake antl coast defenses of the 
Unitinl States without the written authority of the (Hmimanding otfici*r in chai)^, to 
l)e given only for projHT military n^asons. 

403. Special authority to visit defensive works grante<l by the Se<Tetary of War 
will lie limite<l to memlM'rs of the Unite*! States S<>nate aii<l House of Representa- 
tives, their public duties r(*<|uiring them to take otficial a(*tion on matters (*(mne<'ted 
Uientwith, an<l to the governor ((»r his adjutant-giMieral ) of the State in which the 
works art* l(M*at4*<i. a*' c<immander in chief of the UkuI militia instnictiMl there. 

404* Commanding offi(H»rs, oninaiuv st^iyeants, and others in charge of fortifica- 
tions or any nu^iis of lake «>r coast defensi>s will exemse gn*at can^ in acting u|>on 
applii^ations to visit the works, and will grant such only as may Im* warranttMl for 
g<MMi and snltif'ient military realms. 

40ft. The taking of ph(»tographic or other vi<*ws uf |MTmanent works of defense 
will not In* |NTmitte<l. Neither written nor pictorial des<>riptionH of th(*si* works 
will 1h^ made for publication without the authority of the Stt-n'tary of War, nor will 
any infonnatioii Ik* given <*omvniing them which is not contaim*d in the printtHl 
ri'iNirts and <l(HMnnents of the War lH*]»artmcnt. 

406. Commanding gi*nerals of dei)artment.*( will mh* that t}u*se r(*gulati<ms an* t^r- 
rii*<l inti» vff«M't. and that the {H*nniHsion to visit the 4lefens*»s n*fernHl to is <mly 
given for |»ro|HT military reasons. They will uIho we that any dereliction of the 
duty henMii enj(»ine<l is imnu*diately oliserve<l and pnunptly met by appn)priate 
Ji.**»i;>JJMe. 



ARTILLERY PRACTIOR. 59 

ARTICLE XUH. 

AkTILLKKY I*RA(TUK. 

407* At all pnntH with fixe<l lNitt4*rit'9< tho itoditioii of owry inin, inounte<l or to he 
motint<*«l, will Imvt* itji iininlter, which will Ik* plact^i on thi* >niii wh(*n in itonition. 
Th«« icnnn will U* nuni)H*n*ci in a n>ioilar »H*rii*H, <*«innnon(*in|{ with the Hrxt inm on 
till' l«*ft of the main entiumv looking; out. Whcrif there an* platfomiH t«*ni|M)nirily 
unfM'«*ii]iie(| by inuiH they will U* inchidetl in the retnilar M*ri«*H (»f nunilH*rin|{. The 
piiNifK I if other litttterieii will lie nunilH*n*«l fntin ritfht to left. 

40ti. At all fMM'tH with flxe^l IwttericH a IkmiIc will U* kept, known aii the IVwt 
I)or>k i»f Artillery ICiiitni, in which, umler the<]inH*tion of the |MM«t (*(»n inlander, will 
In* ontenil the nuniU*r of 4«ch ni<iunt4*cl fpui, itii <TalilNT, weii;ht, naiiii*H of ftMinder 
and iiu'|ie«'tor. and other niarkn, the det^cription of it«« carriairi*. whence retvived, 
f late f if n*ci*ipt at |HiHt, and the f;n*at4*t<t tiehi f>f fire of the ^in in poidtion. This l)ook 
will In* fiiniif<hi*«l by the Onlnann* iVpartment; inHtnictiom* f(»r k<*eping it will lie 
f<iund in the fnmt iia^eH. 

44M* The fiininiundintc ^'neral of (*ach fieimrtnient within which then* ar«^ fioHtfl 
occiipi«'<l by nioht artillery will, with the appmval of the C<»niniandinf; Genentl of 
the Aniiy, •«ele<*t a f'oni|N*tent field ofliivr of artillery, not a c<ilonel, tt> In* atta4*hed 
to the ilc|iurtiiit*nt Htaff, who will In* d<*i«i^nttt4'<l the artillery inH]N*iior. lie will 
|N'rfonii HUch «lutie*< in t*<inne«*tion >iith hin ami at* may In* aMHi|rne«i to him by the 
d«-|Nirtni«*nt c«iiiimantier, make hucIi inH|N*<'tionH of the artillery tnMi|)H and material 
in the deiKirtincnt an may iNMinien**! by the S^'n^tary of War, ami n*|Mirt thereon 
to till* ih*|iartmi*nt <'«miiiiander. 

4 to. The (-oiiimaiidinK offiivr of vma^U |NN(t when* then* an* fixe«l liattericii lN*aring 
ufMin a channi'l uill call ii|Min the Fji^imvr IV|kartnient for a(vnrat4* charts 
lihouinir till* Hounding within ranireof the tfimf. TIuin* chartn will U* elalM»rat4'<i as 
pn'M'HUil by inf*tn Idiom* and tfi*neral onlern piveniintr artillery pnuiice. 

411. The detail}* iif the iiieth«Ml}i of ciimliictin^ the tei'hnii-al inntnuiion of 
artillery triHi|iM, tanr**t prHi-tic<* with count and field artillery, and the artillery <HMn- 
|M*titi«in** will Iw pn-M-riU'vl in onlen* an<i in;<tnictionH iniinin^ fn»ni the l!«'a4l(|iiarteni 
of the Aniiy. Any deviiition fmiii the pnwril»e«l meihiMlH miiHt In* aamiione^l by 
till* de|iartriieiit iiimniaiidt*r. 

41d. All tiilio'rN of artillery will U* eiii'titinMfi-*! t<i submit, thniiiirh pni|N"r chan- 
neN, Miii^fotinn- iuiil ilevice?* fur iiiipniviiit; pn-^^riUNl inetlKulH. (*liaiiir«i« affetiing 
the uiithori7^«d Manual of (*fiui<t Artillerv will U* piibliMlie«l in Artillery Memoramla 
fmm the Adjiitant-iienemri* Oitic«*. 

419. The allowani'e **i aniiiinniti«in fur the in-tniction of the «i«f<t anil field 
artiller\ ao'l f<ir pnictiiv with iii:u*liiiie iron** viill U* deleniiiiie<l «*a4*h vear ami 
anniiiiiicetl in i^'iienil onler* from the lleai|i|u;irti*r* nf the Aniiy. 

111. Tar/i<l.» anil tartf«-t material f^r artillery practice will U< prii\i«l<^l by t lie 
<iriliian«-«* iie}i;irtnieiit. The (Quarter niuftiT'** l>«'|«rtiiient will fnrnii*h all net^iwar}* 
a*«*i*-taii<-«' in pliti iiikf. nMiMi\iiiu'. and Muriiiir tarw'V'tf. 

ttSk* 111 aildiiiMii tf» ^m li n'|xtrtf* a^ may U* n'vininti by im«tnicti«imi and onleiv 
(TiiM-niiniT artiller\ practice, the ciiinmamlin^' ntlici'r of a i**"!, Imltery. «»r (*om|iany 
will (••nikunl (or ihr iiif<»niiatii»n t»i the Chief iif Onlnam^*, i>n funiiH piippliiil by the 
nniriaitiv* iH-l«iniiiciit. a refHirt «if eu«-h olitit liri*!! in pnictici*. in«tnitiion, aii«l active 



60 8MALL-ABMS PBACTICE. 

ABTICIiE XLIV. 

SmALL-ArMA pRAtTICR. 

416* Small-armH practice will l)e conducted in acinmlance with the authorized 
firuxg regiilatiouH and orders (nm\ the War Deiiartnient. The iH»riod 8t»lecte<l for 
I>rac*tii'e on the range will be announce<l annually by department conmianden*, who 
will alHo pnhliHh the n*ttultM of the iirinf; and the names of qualitli*<l Hhar)»Hh<»oterB. 
All onlen* <H>ntainin(^ instructions to jjovem either preliminary metluxls or practice 
with the rifle, carbine, or «»volver, will Ik.* issue*! fn)m the IIc»adquart4»rs <»f the 
Amiv. 

417. Reports as to the amount f)f instruction iniparte<l and the degret* of efficiency 
attaimnl will l)e renilennl only as requinnl by the lirinf; re^^ulaticms for small anna, 
or by oniers issue<l from the lieailquarters of the Aniiy. The ncKvssary books and 
blanks will 1k' su]>])lie<i by the Onlnance I>e])artment. 

4 in. The allowances <»f cartridgt*s for tarjfet practice, tojrether with the values of 
small-arms annnunition and of the i*omi>onent |Hirts then>of, will U^ published 
annually in )^*neral oniers* 

410* The aggi'^l!^^^- allowance of anmiunition for any comi^any will In? expcMided 
at such times during the year as the de{iartment commander may direct, or, in the 
aliflence of s|)ecific<lirections, as the iM>st and (*om]»any commaiuiers may detemiine. 
When not use<i in target practice, ammunititm may, in the discn*tion of the {K)st 
and comfiany commanders, Ite expended in hunting. 

490. ComiNUiy commanders will keep a |)ennanent riH'onl for each calendar year 
of the anmiuniti<»n exfiendecl in target firing at em*h ]»nictice. Any exix^nditun* in 
ex(*ess of authoriztxl allowances will 1k^ chargeil to the otticer a4*countable. Amnni- 
nition not expt^ndinl at the en<l of the calen<iar yi*ar will U* no longt^r available. 

431. The Onlnani'e IH*partment will provide the nH|uiKite taiyets, stn*amers, and 
flags. The quartennaster will set up the targets, pn*|>are the rangt*, and n>nstni(*t 
shelters for the markers. Flour for making |Histe for uh(> in target pnu'titv will l>e 
issued bv the (^)mmissarv. 

4!id. Where hunting for large game is practicable the men will W encouragtMi to 
hunt, anti for this purpose comi)any commanders may |K.^nnit their men to purchane 
cartridges, if the supply warranto it, such saliv t4) be a(H*ounted for on the returns of 
onlnance. 



ROHTRR8. 61 

ABTICIiE XLY. 

RUKTBK, DlPTAC'IIMEVni, AND DaII.Y SbRVICB. 

THB RlKrrKR. 

•143* A rriHUT w Ik \wi nt <>fli<vn« or men for duty, with a rpconl of the duty fier- 
foniu'd t>y emi'h. <iem*rally, iletaik* for «hity are fK» iiuule that the one Kmirent t>ff in 
the rin«t for detail. m*taili« ho niaile an* Kaid to lie niaiie liy meter. 

42i4. All detailH for M*r\'iee in garriwui and in the fiehi, exc(*|>t thi* atithoriied 
i«|>i*(*ial and extranluty detailn. will Ih» hy niKter; but otlifvrH i»r (*nliHt4'«l ini'n, when 
«letailed, niiuct M*r\'e, whether a nviter lie kept <»r not. Ilavini; {^•rfoniu'd the iN*r\*- 
ict*. tliey may a|>]»eal to Hii|ierior authority if they di^nn them'M*lv«i( aforrieviMi. 

4Slft. The duties |»erfonn€*<d by nii^*r are of two claMti-H. The Hrnt compriM*!*, (1) 
out|NiHtH: (2) interior joianlH, inehulini; otable inianln; (:{) d<*ta4*hmentj« to protet*! 
lalMirenton military workn; (4) anne<l workinjc |iarti(*rii»n mirh workn. The He«*ond 
nmipriMf* all oth(*r duti(*H and fatitnie, in or out of tin* tmrrii«on or iranip. 

•I)i#. The nw*ten* are dif^inet for t*ac*h Haw. (Mru'«*n( art* named on them in the 
onh*r I if rank. Ivtailn an* maile in Ktictxiviion ai*er»nlinK to nii«ter, lM*Kinninf; at the 
hiiid. 

•147. l^ieutenant-<'«doni*lHand majorn an* on f»ne nK*ter, and may In* detaileil when 
th«* im|M)rtan<v of the duty fecjuinv it. In the Held their ninter in kept at division 
and bri^nuii* headi|uarterH. (^aptaini* fonn one niHter ami an* exempt fn>m onlinary 
fatitni«* dutiiy. \ captain mnunanding a )«ittali(»n if rxempt fmm detail. an<l duty 
fallinir to him |iaMM*t<. Lieutenanb* fonn one n**t«'r, and tirnt and m*«'<fnd lieutenatitH 
an* ent<*n*<l alt4*niately. Senn*anti«. (*<»r|M>nilt«. mufirianH, ami privat4*t< fonn dictiurt 
nmtt'rH. 

•14^. niliivrx, n«>n(*ommi»«*iom*il otRivrH, ami privati*** take fhituiiof the tin«t dam 
ill th«* Mnl«*r Htat4*<l in |«irBi;raph 4125. viz, th<* tin*t fonh'tail taki*t« the iMit|Mir<tf<, the 
n«'xt th«* int<*rit»r tnianU. and ho on. In tlniM* of theM*«*ond clanH thi* M*nior otfii^er 
takfi* lh«* lanrext |iarty. Tli«* |«irty llrHt for fli'tail takii* I lie MTvii-e out of <<amp. 

•IM. In makintr di*tail!« by n»«ter, an otricv'r nr i*nlii*t«*<i man tn cm-h tlay (*harve<l 
with tli<* mim)N*r of flayn that he han n*maim*<l prii«ent and available i-imt* the 
bitriiiiiinif *»f bin laft t«iur. lH*|«irtuni* fn»m thin nil<* may U* authorizi*<l by the 
oimmamlinK «itfi«-(T whfnfvcr a ntrirt application would allf»w impni|i«*r advantaire 
or wnrk banipbip. 

490. Wlifu an otrttvr hai* U«*n detailf*! and if* mit pn*Hi>nt or available «t the 
hour 'if iiian'bin^. th<* m*xt aft«*r him tak«tH tin* iluty. \Vhi*n an «iut|iiw<t haf* iiaMn^l 
till* I bnin <if wiitinelfi. or an int«*riiir inianl bai* n-ai-bt^l itr< \nvnt, tin* oHitvr mhom* 
lotir it HH^ iran mit taki* it unU**** ?«• «>rl«>n-«l by tb«* itimmandintr «>(lio'r. but mu*- 
rf«<»l- t«i tb«> tour iif till* tif|i«tT mbn bar* taki-n bi". 

'131. !hitif«t>f the lir^t I'Uuw* an* i-n«lit«'«l <>u tb*'nH«*r mbi*n tin* mianUnr di*tai'h- 
nM-nt/- lia\i* iMrtMtl tin* <>liain <if M*ntin**U or an int«*ri<ir tmanl ba^ nucbi**! iti* \»*t; 
otbiT duti«*«. uh«*n tbi* |urtif-f* bavt* 4'nt4*n**l ii|H»n tbrir |M*rf«iniianiv. 

13^. \ti iitli«vr **r *'nlir*tt<il man on duty of tbt* lirMt rlnt^, i>r %h*t in iif*xt for tlftail 
for «iirli dut^ . i"! a\ailab|«*, when n*li«*\i*il. for diitv of th«' M-v-iind < law* that baf* falh*n 
t«i bini •binnir that time FIxtv|»t in «*mi*nri*n<*ifP no itut\ uill be n^viuin-*! of the 
old orlii-vr of till* day or tbr old truanl until four boiir>Mft«*r tb«*y ba\t* Ui*ii nOicvi^l. 

433. Sildit*rH man'b aniieil, ami if m^'«f«4ir\. fully •i|uip|M«l. on all tbitn^ of the 
fin*t i-lajv. 

431. In tin* i*M\alr\. di^nnMUitf^l nM*ii and tbi>^> mb<>«i* bor-i>« an* n>t lit fi>r M>r\'- 
i«t* an* pn*femtl for all di^niountc'd tlftaiU Moiint«*<l m««n an* iii*\i'r <*niploy<^l on 
aiK'h ivnrice if tlie nuuber of dimmiuntt^il iiu*n in mifUrii'nt. 



62 DETACHMENTS DAILY SERVICE. 

435* In the fit^M, evervenlisUHl man of the cavalry <k»t«ile<l for <li8niountccl Rcrv- 
ice will, liefope he marrhi»s, take to the firnt nergeant of his troop his horw* eiiuip- 
mentfl and saddle, reaciy {mekcHi. In ca^C! of aiann the Hrnt M*rgeant Heen that the 
horseH of these men are e<inipi>ed and le<l to the rendezvoun. 

436. Field an<l 8ie^ V)atterit^H MTvin^ with other trtntps will ]>erfonn their own 
guanl, police, and fatigue duty, and ofiicerM and men will be exempt from detail for 
other duty of like character, except when in the judgment of the ynwi commander 
the mH'e»*itit»H of the service will not jHjnnit such exemption, in whicrh ca^^e he will 
immediately report his action and the circumstancvs to the <ie|)artmeni commander. 

437* IX*tachments of the Signal Cor})^ shall l>e exempt fmm detail for any other 
duty, except when, in the judgment of the (*ommanding otlicer, the im|>ortance of the 
duty will not permit exemptitm, in which caM3 he will immediately report the cir- 
comstances and his action to his superior comuiander. 

DETACH MKNT8. 

439. As far as the exigencies of the servi<*e will ])ermit, detat'hments for aniunl 
service will lie forme<l hy taking liattalions, crom])anies, platoons, or other svlxlivi- 
sions in turn, acconling to the roster. 

430. Officers or enliste<i men detaile<l for <letacluNl service while on other duty 
will be relieved from that duty if they can reach camp in time to march with the 
detachment. 

440. When a detachment is to l)e formtni from the different organizations of a 
command, the a<ljutant or adjutant-general fonns its contingent, verifies Xhv. details 
and sends it to the ])lace of aM^embly, r>r turns it over to the detachment conunander. 

44 1 • When detachments mi^et, the command \i* n»gulat4Ml while they s*Tve togt»ther 
as if they fonne<l one command, butthestaiiorofH(vrcan m»t prevent the conunander 
of any <letachment from moving when he thinks pn>|>er to exe<'Ute the onlers he has 
receive<l. 

44d. On the return of a deta(.*hment its <.*ommander n>i>orttf to the head(|uartere 
from which he received his onlers. 

DAILY HEKVKE. 

443* Then^ shouM l>e daily at U*ast two roll (rails, vi/, at n^veille and n*tn«t. 
Commanding ofliivrs may also onler roll callw in s|MH'ial cii.<es at such times as they 
deem nw'essary. The roll will l)t» ('alUsl on the comiwuiy i»anidc by the first K»rgeant, 
8UiH.*rintendi»<l by a conimissi(me<i otlicer. If 4*oinj»anics are quartenMl t(»g(Mher or in 
ixmtiguous Itarracks, (»ne othctT may suiK'rintend the roll rail of two or mon' of them 
pn)vide<l he can do so effK-iently, (*onunanding <»ftic4»rs n'gulutingthe pnirti<»t» in this 
reganl. Ordinarily there will not Im* any fonnutioii for roll cjill at tattoo, but the 
prpscrilHMl signal will U'soimdiMl.and tift«H*n minutes thereafter lights in H<{uud nM>ms 
will Ih* extinguishe<i and all nois(*s and loud talking will (viise. Call totpiarters will 
Ih* Houn<UMl af 10.4r> p. m , an<l taps at 11. At taps all lights not authonz(><l by the 
commanding otliivr will In.* extinguishtMl and the tir^t senreant or other noncommis- 
sitrntni otiitH^r, as the com|)any <*oinmander may dinn't. will inH|M'<'t (uu-h <'oiii|»any 
aiul report to theotii<*erof the day the names of all unauthoriziMl al»s<>nte<^. Reveille 
n)ll va\\ in garri.'ton will not tmiinarily take platv earlier than ').:(() a. ni. in summer, 
or 6.:{0 a. m. in winter. At n*tn»at roll call the tnM)|»s are bnuight to{ianide rest and 
so remain <binng the sounding of n*treat. 

444. M«'>4( call will Ih> soundtnl daily :is f<»llows: For bnnikfast, tifttvn minuter 
after reveille n»ll call; for dinner, not earlier than 12 m. nor later than 12. ir> p. m.; 
for 8up|N*r. not earlier than 5 nor later than (>..*M) p. m. Miiils fur enlistiMi men will 
be served jiromptly at the hours appointed, and the duties of the post, as far aa com- 



ROLL CALLS — HONORS. 63 

fiAtihU* with tlu» nNiiiinniienUi of tin* m*r\'i(*«>, will U* hii arnuiptl tlial all the (*nlii«teil 
tiH*n iiiav In* imiient. The iimmi will U* allf»w<Ml at l«*»j4t twoiitv iiiitiiit«*H for hn-Akfiuit 
An<l i*ti|»|xT ati'l thirty iiiintit4i< for (liiiniT. 

44ft. Kxtfpt at th<* ivremoiiy of |Niruil<*, tin* n*Hiilt of a r«»ll call will U* n*|Mirti*«l 
aft«*r thf oiiiiiNiiiic**! haw Uvn <liHiiiitfHi*«K to tin* otihvr Hiiiii*niit<*mliiiK the trallf who 
will n*]Mirt th«* n-Milt t«i th«M'«)tiiiiian(linK otKtvr. 

446. Ill miiip ati«l ip&rriMiii th<* ciiiiiiiiaiKliiitf otfitvr lix4*H tin* hoiini for n*|M»rti«, 
iM(titii, ami roll callii. ami fortlu* ]«*rfoniiam*<* of Htat«*«l iliiti<*?« ami fatitru«i*. In ynir- 
riMiii, n'tn*at will U* at HUtiM*t. Th«* HiirnulH will U* HoiimUxtl l»y thi* li<*M nitiHirians 
in atNimlamv with aiithftrixt'^l «lrill n*tnilatioiiH. 

447. .\ft<*r hrfakfant. ami after Htahli* duty in tin* mvalry, tin* tenti* or i|iiart4*ni 
uml Ailjaivnt irroiiml will In* |N>li4'('4l hy tin* nn*n of tin* (*oni|iani«9i ami tin* inianl- 
lioUM* or inianl t<*nt hy tin* primmrn*, or hy nn*niU*rH <»f thi*)nianl if tln*rt* U» no 
i»ri.»Miin*n». 

I4N« Tin* nii»niinK n*|M>rtM of tin* omiiMui {«*»•. Hitrmtl hy tin* nMii|iuny ounniaiHlem 
.iml tlrxt MTvi'ttnti', will U* han<l<*«l to tin* atljutant lN>f«in* s ii*rliN*k in tin* niorninir 
ami uill In> omHttliilattti hy him within tin* n«*xt liMur. Tln*c'oniiiiliiiat4'«l n*|H)rt will 
In* pi^iil hy the* (iminuuHlintr (»tlicvr ami tin* ailjiitant. 



IIoNoKH, (VUKTiaclDt. AM» OltKM<iMI>. 

lloNoKN. 

449. Tln*iitrnvn«nann*«l Ih*Iow will In* n'<viv«'«l witliHijimlanlHamln»lon*tln>ppin|r, 
ofrnt*r» an<l tnM»|wi nahitinfr. ami th<* liamU ami tivlfl inUHr playinu'. a^ folloun: Tin* 
rnfiilenl. tin* IViftidentV Manh; tln*<M*nc*nil. tln*<H*n<'nil\ Munh; tin* Li«'tit«*naiit- 
(M'ni'Ril 'ir tin* Maj<tr-(i«*m*nil (*f»niniamlin(r tin* Anny. tnini|N*tf< Ntiimlinj; thrt*e 
lli>nrir*hif* «»r •lnini>> U^atinir thnv nitlli*i<; a ninjt>r-tr«'m*nil. twn tli>iiri^ln*H or two nitHtv; 
a hn^a«lii*r-iri*in*nil, i»n<* flourish or on<* nitlli*. 

!•!#• Ti> th«* Vi<-«*-rn>i<li*nt. tin* nn*niUT*« i»f Ihr ('ahim*t, tln*t*hi<*f Juf«ti(t*, the 
rnf«i<l«*nt of tin* S«*nat«*, tin* S|Nuki*r of tin* IIoum* of |{rpn*M*ntativi*H. Ann*nt«n «ir 
fon'iirii anil«if«««ilon*. ami t:ov«*rm»r>< within their n'HiH'v-tivi* Sl:ii«'»i ami Territon<*i« the 
mnn* houon* un* |4ii<l a** tii tin* Uenrnil: ti» tlir AwiMant S4*«'n*tary of War ami to 
Ammticmii fT foft'i^n i'nv<<y« or niiniMt4*r>. tin* Ninii* hi>norHu> to tin* Lii*ntenant-<ien- 
vru\. to otlittTw 'if tin* Nav\ tin* honor>i ihn* to their af<»*iniil;it4«l <ir n*lati\i' rank; to 
otfiii*ni of niarun*!* aikI \<»ltint«*i*r>». an<l militia whi'n in tin* M*r\iti* of tin* I'nittNi 
Mai«*«. tin* htinom «hn* to likt* trnMlt-* in tin* nvnlar •■^•rviif, to oiIiot* of a fort*i|ni 
N*rM<v the lion'in* «hn' to th«*ir rank. 

4ftl. Tin* national t»r rp|finn*nttfl color itr Mamlanl. uiif-nM*il. itiufinir a iniani or 
othrr anm^l Uiily mill U* •«lnl«<«l, tin* lirM niiwu •■•nmlinv **!«» tin* cfilor" or **!<» 
tin* ■•taihlanl." Otrn-frn or eiili«tfol nn^n |iui-«>int; Ihr um-aM*it col* ir will n'n<li*r the 
pre*« nla«l Nihit**: with mi anin* in hantl. tin* •4ihit«* mill U* math* h\ tin<-«iverinir. 

4ftSl. Nohtim»r«an* |taiil hy tniof^i uln*ri ••ntht* manh ^^r in tn*ni-h«*«-nnil notgiliite 
ifi n*mlfn<il «iln*n manhintr in «l*iiihl«* timv i*r at tin* tr<>t **r trallt»p 

4ft3. Tin* cvitiimaiitliiiir ullin'r i« i«hitf«l hy all i-onimi^ioiit<il ottiifr^in iinnmaml 
of tn"i|M **r iti'tai'hnn'nlH Tphiim* lunh-r armn will nrthilf a- pr«*«4TilN<»l in ilrill 
nv^ilatiom*. 

4ft4. All iitht-i'pi ••hit** (in nn^v'tintr ami in makini; *ir r«^vi\in;; iithi'iAl n*|iortji. 
Military o»urt«f>y n^apiin*^ tin* juni'ir t<» Naliit** lin>t. hut hIh'Ii ihi-^lutc i« intnii|ii«*- 
titry to a n*|airt nia*h' at a niilitar\ ii-n*ni«iny t-r (••rm.iiii»n tf tin- ri'pn-««-ntati\i> of a 
ominiitn f4i|N*n«»r--af* for exanipU'. tii tin* a<ljiifaiit. ••ili«i*r>.f tin- 'la), i*tr thfoffl* 
err makiiif tlie nrpurt, whatever hia rmiik. will Mtlnii- tir^t. tin- uttiiYr to wlfuiu tlie 



64 HONOBS SALUTES WITH CANNON. 

report w made will acknowledge by saluting, that he has rcceivcHl and uiiderBtood 
the report. When under anns the salute is made with the swonl or salier if <lrawn; 
otherwine with the hand. A mounted officer dismounts l)efon* addnwsing a superior 
not mounted. 

455. On official occasions, officers when indoors and under arms do not uncover, 
but salute with the sword if drawn; otherwise with the hand. If not under arms, 
they uncover and stand at attention, but do not salute except when making or 
receiving n»ports. 

456* When an enliste<i man without anns passes an officer he salutes with the 
hand farthest fn>m the officer. If mounted, he salutes with the right hand. Officers 
are saluted whether in uniform or not. 

457. An enlisted man, arme<l with the saber an<l out of ranks, saluti's all officers 
with the saber if drawn; otherwise he salutes with the hand. If on foot and armed 
with a rifle or carbine, he makes the rifle or carbine salute. A mounted soMier dis- 
mounts before addressing an officer not mounted. 

459. A noncommissione<i officer or ]>rivate in command of a detachment without 
arms salutes all officers with the hand, but if the detachment be on foot and armed 
with the rifle or carbine, he makes the rifle or carbine salute, and if armed with a 
saber, he salutes with it. 

450* An enlisted man, if seated, rises on the approai^h of an officer, faces toward 
him and salutes. If standing, he fai^es the offic^er for the same ]>nriNN^*. If the par- 
ties remain in the same plat^ or on the same ground, such com]>liments nee<i not be 
repeatCHl. Soldiers actually at work do not cease work tn salute an <>ffi(*er unless 
addressed bv him. 

460. An entiste<l man makes the prescrilxMl salute with the wc>apon he is anned 
with, or if unanued, whether covere<l or uncovere<l, with the hand, l>efon» addreffing 
an officer. He also makes the same salute after receiving n reply. 

461. Indoors, an unarmed enlisted man unt^overs and stands at attention u|K>n 
the approa<*h of an officer; he does not salute unless he addresses or is a<l<lress(Nl by 
the officer. If arme<l he salutes as heretofore ])rescrilMMl, without un<*ov(*ring. 

46!i* When an officer enters a nM>m when* there are sohliers, the won! ** Attention" 
is given by some one who perceives him, when all rist^ and n^nain stan<ling in tlie 
position of a soldier until the officrer leaves the r<K)m. SoUlit^rs at mi^als do not rise. 

463. Soldiers at all timi^ and in all situations {uiy the saino <t.»nipliinents to offi- 
cers of the Army, Navy, ami Marines, to officers of volunteers ami oflicers of the 
militia in the service of the Tnited States, as to offitvrs of their own regiment, c<»rp8, 
or ann of 8c»r\'ice. 

464. Officers will at all tim(*s a(*knowU'<lge the <*< »urt4'sii*s of ciiliHt4N] mm by 
returning salut(*s given, in the manner pn^'rilKnl in drill n^gulations. When several 
offii'ers in cum|iany an> saluted, all who are entitUni to the salute ri'tuni it. 

SALITKH WITH rA.N.NON. 

46ft. Salut«>s will Ih* fln^l U'twtvn sunrise* and sunset only, and, as a rule, not nn 
Sunday. The national flag will always lie <lisplayed at the time of firing a Halut4\ 

466. The national salute is 21 guns. The salute to the rnion, conitnemonitiv(> of 
tlie I>eclaratif>n of Intlependena* and consisting of one gim f(»r ea<*}i State, is HfimI at 
noon on July 4, at every post provide<i with suitable artillery. 

467. The IVcsident, l>oth on his arrival at and defNirture fn>m a military |>ost, or 
when in its vicinity, n»ceives a salute of 21 guns. No other {H*rsonal salute is firvd 
in his pn*sence. 

46N. The Vii***- President ami I*n>Hi<lent of the SenaU' and .Vmerican or fori'ign 
Miabaagatlon rece\\e a salute of 19 guns; members of the Cabinet, the Cliief Justice, 



8ALUTE8 — VISITS. 65 

tho Speaker of the IIooKe of RepreM^ntativeH, a ooiiitnittiv <»f r«>ninTiv officially vinit- 
itiK a military \wtnX, and }P>venions within their reniN'tiive State>i or Territories, 
recvive 17 tciiii*. A 1 1 ovemor-< i eneral reoeivi*fi a salute of 17 inmH. The term 
^'giivi'niftr-iri'nerar' nliall 1)e taken to mean an ailniiniHtrative officer un<ler whom 
offi(*en< witli the title of frovenior are afting. The Atvintant S*«*n*tary of War, when 
officially vinitinK a militar}* {tont. mt*iveH 15 inmn. 

4#9* American or fon^i^n env«iyi« or miniKt4*rH nn'eive 15 ^ini*; minlKterH ni«itlent 
a4*(*iv<lite<l to the T*nit4*«l S(at€*H, lliinmn; channVi traffain*H, 11 (niuf; c<»nfnilH->r<*neral 
an*n><lite<l to the Tniti^d Stat^v, D fi[iinn. 

470. The f«>venM)irn or chief maKistrat^* nf u fonM^n c<»untry ntvivi'H the salute 
pn^ivriU**! for the Preniilent; memlH*n« of a niyal family nnvive the Milute tlue to 
their Hoven*i»fn. 

471. The < ieneral reivivetf a Haltite of 17 gunp; the I^icut4*nant-< teneral (Vtmniand- 
ing till* Anny. 15 inmn; a major-f^^neral, 13 fpint*^ anil a bri)nuli€*r-^*neni], 11 irnnn. 

47SI. An i»tlic«*r aM«i^e«l to duty atx-onlin^ to hin hn*vet rank if* entitled to the 
Halutc pnwrilted for the )rra«le to which he in aMtifnuil. 

473* Ai* a nile, a |>enionaI Halut4* in tin*«l when the iH*n«onaire entitle*! tn it entcni 
a |MN«t. 

474. A Keneral otrnvr in Halute«l fnit on<Y a year at ea<'h po(>t, when notii*!' nf his 
intention tn vij«it it hai* lii*f*n ^iven. A n*tire«l i^^neral nffioT makiuK an official vimt 
if* hahitiil ai-citrdiuK tn hiH innde. When M*venil |x*n«onH« <*ach of whom ir* (>ntitle«l 
tn a fttlutc. arrive tofcetluT at a |Mitit, the hif;h(*Kt in rank nr fMifiition in atnni* Milute«l. 
If thev arrive HUcit*tvive]v, each it* KahitM in turn. 

47«(. nffitvn* of the Navy are nalut^'tl aciMnlinK ti» their n*lative n.nk; officerH of 
iiiarin«i« and nf the volunteer forceM or militia in the Her^'i(v of the rnit<'«l Stat<f* and 
itffin^n* of fnri*itrn m*r\'icei* an> mlutetl acennliuK to rank. 

476. The nalute to a national tlatr in 21 tninn. 

477. It \y* the custom <ff foreign) Hhi|w of war, f»n entering a harlMiror |iaHKin); nvar 
a fnrtituntinn. to hniitt at the fore the flair '^f the (*<»untry in wh<»M* waten* they are, 
ami tn mlule it. On the omipletion of the Milute to the fla^r. a Milute of the same 
numU'r (»f inuin will lie promptly n*tumed by the neanvt fnrt or lottery. If then) 
U* m*venil fnrt#i nr liatt«*ri<« in Hight, or within H mi left of ea<*h other, the Halutinf; 
Mat inn will n-tum the Malute. Tnit**!! Stat<t« ve?<M*lH n*tuni Miluti*H to the Hair in 
rnite«l Stat«**« waten* nnlv when then* ia no fort ar liatterv to «lo wi. I'nitiHl Statea 
vow*lf dft nnt Milute Tnited State** fnrtu or |)Of*ti«. 

47N« Salutimr i*tationi>, for the pur|*<)(^* '^f n*turnin(r the fqilut«i« nf fnreiirti men-of- 
war in the |Mirtji and territorial water* nf the I 'nitol States, will U* (hfiiirnate*! in 
onlen*. from time to time, by the A<]jutant-(fenenil nf the Army. 

470* When a civil funi*tionarv entith-vl tn a Milute urrivei* at a mililarv xnmX the 
cniiinian'lini; nffiivr mf*«*tji f»r iralli* ufmn him a^ nimiii ai* prai'titable, and will ten^ler 
him a r«*vie«, if the frarriwm cortKiMK nf nnt l«f«* than f<rtir«*nm|«ini«*fi. When a gen* 
eral iitlii^'r vifittn a |Miiit mithin hi** cnmmand, the tr<in|«i will U* |ianid<*«l fi>r review, 
unUfv* hi> tlint't^ otherwifie. Whenawilute '\t» to U* iriven an ntlhvr junior tnanntlier 
pnwnl nt a i^mt, the M*ninr will lN*notitieil to thateffiM-t by the c«immandinir nffi*i*r. 

4tl#. The tiair (»f a military |H«it will mtt U* dip|H<«l by way nf Milute or com- 
pliment. 

viHin* Ksu «orim>it9». 

4^1. otlii-«*nt arrivinir at the li«<«i!i|uarten* tif a ti>rrilnrial fle|4irtment. military 
c«imman«l. **r at a military |««^, nill trail u|inn the iiimman<ler then-vtC m^ mutu an 
pnuiii*able iinil nyinter their iiam«*yi. If the vi^itiritf nfficer U* •«*ninr tii th«* <i»m- 
mamler. the fnnner niav wntl a lard. in Hhich <iim> it lN'«*<»m«*ii the dtitv of tlie 
oimmaiHier ti> make the tinil call 

8818— 0*J 5 



66 VISITS. 

4 fid* The interchange of official compliments and visits l)etwecn foreign military' 
an<i naval officers and the authoritiee of a military post is international in character 
an<l opens the way to official and social courtesies among the officers. In cases of 
vetvels of war, foreign or otherwise, recently arrived, it is the duty of the post com- 
mander to send a suitable officer to offer civilities and assistance. This is calle<i the 
'Mx)arding visit," and it is expe<:te<l that this civility will 1k» returned. Within 
twenty-four hours thereafter, w^eather permitting, the officer in chief command of 
the ship or shijM will ^Hsit the officer in command of the post or station, should the 
latter \ye his equal or superior in grade. This visit will be returned within twenty- 
four hours. Should the naval officer in command l>e superior in grade to the officer 
commanding the post or station the first visit will be paid by the latter. 

4II3. The interchange of visits l)etween governors-general, governors, and other 
offi(*ers administering insular governments, and officers of- the Anny and Navy, are 
govennMl by the following rules, which liave receivetl the approval of the Secreta- 
ries of War and the Navy: A definition of the term ** governor-general" will be 
found in paragraph 408 of these Regulations. 

All naval officers in command shall make the first visit u]M>n the governor-general 
whatever the tatter's militar>' grade. Officers of the Army holding cf»niman<ls under 
a governor-general, or acting as governors of pronnces, departments, or cities, shall 
make the first visit upon a naval commander in chief, if the latter is of (H]ual or 
superior grade, as shall also civilian governors of provinces, departments, or cities. 

If not a commander in chief, the first visit shall Ih' made by the senior naval offi- 
cer upon offii-ers of the Army holding (command under a govemf)r-general, or ac'ting 
as governors of provinces, departments, or cities, if the latter are tnjual or sufierior 
in grade, and upon civilian governors of provinces, de{>artments, or cities*. 

Should the governor-general be a civilian, and therefore not holding dinvt mili- 
tary (*ommand, the naval commander in chief shall make the first visit, }>oth upon 
the governor and the army officer in chief command of troops in the island or 
group of islands, if the latter is of e()ual or superior grade. 

Visits shouUl \h* exchange<i under the above ruU*s l>etween a naval <M>mmander in 
chief or senior naval olhcer: (1) With the governor; (2) the governor of a j)n)vince, 
de|>artnient, or city; (3) the anny officer in chief command at a placre where there is 
a civil governor. 

ShouKl the governor-general, or any other officer ailministATing the govennnent of 
an island, find that from indis]>osition or pressure of im|K)rtant business he is unable 
to pay or return these visits in person, he will depute his aid-<UM'anip or some other 
officer to do so. In like manner, should a naval commander in chief, fn>in indisi>osi- 
tion or pressing <H*<'Uj>ation, l)e prtvluded from {laying or returning thest* visits, he will 
<lepute an officer not lielow the rank of flag lieutenant to do so. In i^ach case the 
offii*t»r failing to i»ay the recjuinil visit in jn^rson will report the rin'umstan<t»s, and 
assign the n^asons which le<l to the omissicm, to the Deitartment under which he is 
a(*ting. 

4H-1. Wh<*n a militur}' commander officially visits a vessel of war, he will give 
notici' in advanco of his intention to do so. He is nHvivtsl at the gangway by the 
(NinininntltT of the vessel and is mxHrniiMinitHl there by the sam«* ofii<'er when leaving. 
The *»ffieer who is sent with the customary <»ffer of civilities is met at the gimgway of 
a vt»!<«*I i»f war l»y the offitvr of the <UH*k, and is j»n'st»nte<l by the latter to the 
coiniiiuiider n( tin* vesw»l. 

4M5. A ve^>sel of war is appn)ache<l an<l Ixiarded, by commitvioniHl offict^rs, by the 
starUiani^Hde and tnmgway. In entering a Uiat, the junior goes first and other 
offiivrs follow in order of rank; in leaving a Ixiat, the senior gtH^s first. The latter 
acknowle<ig<.*> the salutes which are given at the gangway of a naval ve»iel. 

4N6. Naval vessels fire personal salutes to otiict>rs entitle<l to them when the IxMita 
coDtMJtiij^ them have cleared the 8hi|>. It is an acknowledgment of the salute by 



ESCORTS — rUNERAL HOKOR8. 67 

the nfficiT minted f«»r his boat to lie on her nam from the first until the last (nin 
ami ft>r him t«> uni*over; at the conclusion, to give way. Pervonal salutes are not 
returned hy niilitar>' |K)sts. 

49I7* In cane «»f vewels of war of foreign powers at peai'e with the Tnitetl States 

lying in i»ur |Mirts or liarlM>n« and (t^lehrating their national f<vtivitiif*, th(> commander 

of I'ai'h fort, liattery, or military ixist nuiy iiarticifiate in the (vl<*lirati<in by firing 

saluti'yi. iiarwling (Commands, etc. In siu'h a cane tht* fiag of the Tnite^l States will 

lie hoiHt4'<l and lowere<i siniultane<Hii*ly with that of the tihip on )M»anl of which the 

(vlehration <MX-un«. 

BM.x>irn« OF HONOR. 

4II9I* I'>i*<irt^ of h«inor may lie conipose<l of travalry. artillery. «ir infantry, or of all 
aniiH, Sii-onling to the cintiniHtannv. They an* detaile«l for the |»uqM»ie of receiving 
and i*>ti>«»rting |N*n<onagii* of high rank, civil or military, when they arrive and defiart. 
Th«* tnHi|iH for this |Hir|MM* will In* Hf»lect4M| for their sohlierly apitearamv and su|)e- 
rior discipline, and are fonmnl ami maneuven*<l as prescrilied in the authoriz4*<l drill 
n-gulstitms. Ttie |MN<t (*ommander in each case will detail an offitvr to attend the 
|•(*n««»tu^^l* i^'firtiNl, and liear niinmunitrations from him t<» the commaiitler of the 
cw^rt. 

n'NBR.\L IIONOKS. 

4MI* tNi th<* reivipt at any |»ust f»r c:amp <»f ofiicial notici* of the «leath of the 
lYcsident of the rnit«*«l Stat<*s, the <'ommaiiding otfitvr will, on the following day, 
c«iiM* a gun to U* finil every half hour, iN'ginning at sunrise ami ending at sunset. 
When |Mists are in sight or within H miU's of ea«'h «ither the firing ia ill take plact* only 
at the \MmX n»mmAnde«l l»y the st*nior oHic«*r. 

4#0. Oh the ilay of intemient of a Secn-tary (»f War or the <%iuuiuinding <ieneral 
of the Aniiy a giui will U* fin^l every half hour, Uvinniiig at sunrise, until the 
fuuenil pr«Nt-»«ion moves. 

401. The onlers announcing the death of a gi*neral ofiicvr on the active t*r n*tired 
liM. **T other iN*rsi>n entitled to a mluteof cannon, will s|WH*ify the nunds^r of giini* to 
U* finil at Imlf-hour iiiter\'als, mmnu^ncing at H o*cl4M*k a. m. on the day after the 
re«vipt of the imler. I hiring the firing the fiag will U* display^**! at half-staff. The 
numlNT of giuif* to uhich thed«««*eaM<<l wasentitk<il will U* finil. The |iiii«tf« at which 
they nhall U* fi reii will U* ile3«ignat<*<l in the onleni. 

49Sl» When the funeral nf an ofiieer, who was cnlitle*! to a salute, takes plait* at 
(»r iH*ar a military |M>r«t, minute gmis will U* fiml while the n*mainri an* U-ing lM>nie 
to the platv of iutermeiil. liut the nmuU*r of ginii> mil not exct*«il that to which the 
otliivr mas eutitle<l ai* a dilute. .Vfter the n*maim» an* de|H*iit<*il in the grave a salute 
o»mv|H»ndiug to the rank of the de«*eaM*il will lie fin*d, in aildition to thn*e m&Ivini of 
artilh*rv or thnt* vollevi* of niii>ketrv. 

• • • 

499m If the n*uuuni*i>f a fiag ofiitvr of the Navy an* brnught ashon* in the vicinity 
of a military |M»*t, the tlag will U* di^play<*■l at half-htaff and minute giuis will lie 
fin^l as the pHMfM^ioti nio\i*H. The nundierof guns mill U* that to which the ofii<vr 
maii entitU<il a/i a salut«*. 

194. Ihiring the fum*ral of a civil functionary, who Has entitli*il to « mlute, tlie 
ring i^ dif*playe<l at half-fitaff and minute giuii- an* fin*il. 

49ft. < hi the d«*ath of an otlio-r at a military |MM*t the flag iii f lisplaye<l at halfnitall 
and m* nMiiaiiiN, lietH«vn n-vedle and n'tn%it. until the lai*t mIvo or vollev is fin<«l 
over the grave; or if the n*iiiajns an* not internet at the |Mjia, until tlu*y an* n*niov«^l 
tht*refnim. 

4#0« Ihtring the funeral 4»f an enli^e«l man at a military fHHit the flag is diK|tljiy«i| 
at lialf-staff. It iii lii»i-te<i totlH* top after the final v<illey t>r gun i^ fin^l, or after tlie 
remains an- taken fmni the |H««t. The lAiiie huuoni an* paid on tlie uccasitm uf tha 
fonerml of a retired enlisted luan. 



68 FUNERAL HONORS — ^MOURNING. 

407* All militar>' |>o6ts in night of each other display their flag8 at half-Htaff upon 
the occasion of one doinji: ho. The ratme rule is observed toward all vessels of war. 

40II. When the flag i» displayed at half-staff it is lowered U> that position from the 
top of the staff. It is afterwards hoisted to the top before it is finally lowered. 

400. The funeral escort of the Secretary of War or General of the Army will con- 
sist of a regiment of infantry, a squadron of cavalry, and two batteries of field artil- 
lery; of the Lieutenant-<ieneral a regiment of infantry, a squadron of cravalry, and 
a battery ot fiehl artillerj-; of a major-general, a regiment of infantry, two tnM>ps 
of cavalry, and a battery of field artillery; of a brigadier-general, a regiment of 
infantry, a troop of cavalry, and a pIat(K)n of field artillery; of a colonel, a regiment; 
a lieutenant -colonel or major, a battalion or squa<lron; a captain, one company; a 
8ul)altem, a platoon. The funeral t^^ort of a general officer, or of any other officer 
either on the active or retinnl list, when the funeral (x^'urs at any other pla^v than 
a militarj' post or camp, will Ikj onlered by the Conunaiiding General of tlu? Anuy, 
with tlie approval of the St»eretary of War, aii<l will Ik* (*<»mi>osed of such Inxlies of 
troojw, not excee<ling the number pres<!rilH.Hl in this i>aragraph, as the intenvts of 
the service will jx^niiit. But in all cases when* the funeral cerenumies take place at 
or in the imme<liate vicinity of a military iK)st, or where the remains are conveyed 
through a military jKwt en route to the place of burial, the al)ove regulation relative 
to escort will be complied with, so far as the stn»ngth of tlie garrison will allow. 
The flag will 1k^ at half-staff while the remains are at or in the immediate vicinity of 
the post and the department or post commander will give the necessary orders. 

500. The funeral escort (»f an offict»r will Ik* commande<l bv an officer of the same 
grade; if none such be present, by one of the next lower gnule. The ceremony ifl 
prescribed in the drill regulations. 

501. The funeral escort of a noncommissioned staff ofiicer will ctmsist of sixteen 
rank and tile, rommandiHi by a s(»rgeant; of a sergeant, of fourtetMi rank and file, 
commanded by a sergeant; of a cor|)oral, of twelve rank and file, commande<l by a 
corporal; of a private, of eight rank and file, commanded by a corporal. 

50!i. The funeral c»scorts of oflSi-ers of field artillery will l)e as follows: ("olonel, 
twelve picH'es; lieutenant-i'olonel and major, eight pieces; captain, four pieces; 
lieutenant, two piecc»s. The €»s<'ort of an enlisteil man will i^onsist of one piece. 
Caissons n(H.»<l not accompany the pieces. 

50:i. Six ]>alllK'an'rs will Ix^ selecte<l from the grade of the detH^asiMi, or from the 
next grade alxive or Inflow. 

504. Otfiivrs and enlisted men attending military funerals w(«r uniform and side 
arms and in tlu* funeral pro<»ession follow the mourners in onler of rank. The 
funenil of an oHict»r is attendtni by such oltict»rs of the jHw^t or organization in the 
fi(*ld as other duties will iMTinit. The funeral of a nonroinmissioneil ofiieer ia 
atteinltMl !)y the noncommissiomMl officers and j»rivatt»s of the r(»giment, or such part 
of it jis may U' pres4*nt an<i iim 1h» spannl from other duties; that of a private by the 
non(*onimissioiu*d ollicvrs an<l privates of his nnn|winy. 

A05. TIh> Uulgi' of military numrning is a knot of black craiie worn u|Mm the 
swonl hilt for a iK'ri«Ml not to exive^l thirtv davs. 

• • • 

«I06. As family mounting, othirrs may wear a straight liand of rrajN» five inches 
wide anumd the left anu al>ov(' tlie eIlM>w. 

507* The drums of a funeral es4'ort will Ik* eoveri'*! with blai'k rra]M*orthin bla<^k 
wrgr. fiiniislu^l by the quartermaster. 

50^. Tlu* rolors of a rt^giment will not Ik* place<l in mourning or drajx^l, except 
whrn onh'n**! from the War I>e|tartment. Twt> strcanu'rs of (>ra{M> wven fiH»t long 
and alniut tw«»lve inches wide attache<l to the fernile l>t»low the spearhead will be 

AOO. Funeral honors will \wi pai<l to di^t«se<l ofiicers without military commaiid 
//I a^wtnijuuf with thoir grades. 



CKRKMONIKS. 09 

AlO. All (■<*n'in(»iii(v will U* C(>ndu(*U*<l an pivM*rilio«l in tho authorize<l drill 
nnnilatioim. 

illl* Tli<*n* will iHf daily one |ianults morning; or rvmin^, a^* the nmimandinK 
offiif-r may din*«'t« which will not U* diniH^nHiNl with exivpt on un;«'nt <Kx*a>«i<inH. 
All iitlifvr»« anil men will U* prvsi^nt unlcKH t<|Kvially exf*iiM*<l or on duty incom|iatihli* 
with Hurh atti-ndamv. 

Al)l* At e\<*ry military |M»«t or Htati<»n the tlai; will U> hoiHt<*«i at the wmndinf? of 
the tiryt note of the n*veille, <ir of the tirnt not4> of the mareh. if a man'h Ik* playi*«l 
U'fon* till* ri'veilli*. The Hak will lie lowen*<l at the Hounding i»f the lai^t note of the 
n*tn-at,and whil<* the Ha^ in Ihmuk lowerevl the Uind will play The Star S|ianKle<l 
IWnner. 

A 13* TnM»|H« will In* miiiitorpd f<ir |iay on the \aA day of 4*a<*h month unU*HH oth«*r 
wiHe onh*nil liy the Se<Tetar>' of War. When the eomniaiKlini? offUvr iuu not 
innt<t4'r all the trr>o|Ki he will «li*Hi|niAte other offitvrH to awint. 

A 14* Fjii'h Htat4'd miiHt^T will, when praiiii^hle. U* pn*«*e«U<«l hy a niinute and 
careful inf(|i«'«*ti«in. If the (fmimand (NmniHti* *4 mon* than *n\v 4*om|4iny« the inH|ie(*- 
tion will U* pre«*e«l4*d l»y a n*view. If the day for muxter falln on Sumlay. Hueh 
n»\i4*«t and ini«i»t*ction will Iwomitt^Nl. 

AIA. The (vremonv of ** KM*«)rt of the f'olorx** should U* Hocondu(*ti*«| a<< to render 
it one of the nioct inipn*M«ive to the HolditT, eH|)e«*ially to the yount! n*iTnit, (»f all the 
funi-tioUH in wliirh he in riMiuin**! to |Nirti<'i|iate. l*roiK*r rialiit4v will U* oliMTvctl hy 
all iH*r>Minj« in the military Hi*r\*i(v, Uiit untler anun, durinir the raiHintr and lowerinf? 
of th«* national iMnhlem. 

Al#. <hi Memorial Ihiy. May 'M\ at all anny |MM«tj« and ntationn. th«* national tiaff 
will U* diftplayi-d at half Htaff fmm HunriM> till midday, and imMi<'<liat<*ly U^ftin* n<Min 
the l«iid, iir field miif«ir. uill play a dinn*. lH*|iart4*<l Ihiyn. nr Minn* appropriate air, 
and th4* national Halnt4> of twenty-4»ne lOinn i»ill U* tinnl at 1*J m. at all i^ifti* and nta- 
tioiifi proviih**! i»ith artilhTy. At the f'«inrlii}<ion of thin nu^morial trihute, at n<M>n, 
tin* flair will In* linii^tcil to the t(»p of the Htaff and will remain tli4*n* until HUiuvt. 
Wh4*n hoif«t4'd til tlu* top of the Ktaff the tlair will Ik* NalutiNl hy playinir one or more 
of tlH* national air>i. In thii4 way fitting t4i<timonial of ni<|Ns*t for tin- lu'Mii* d««d 
ami Imniir to tli4*ir |«itriotir d4*votion will In* appn»priat4*ly rend4*n^l. 

AIT. The national holidayn will U* ivl4*hrat4'<l with appnipriat4* «i*n*mf»ni(v, 
ini'hitlinir th«* n>a«linir of tin* iHvlaration nf Inil4*|N*nd4'nfv. WahhinirtonV Kan-well 
Addni**, or tin* ('unittitution «>f tlu* rnit4*<l Statin*, and nuch other 4*x4-nMm-r> ai« will 
ti*n«l ti* pn»m<it4* ni(|N*4't an<l n*vert*ucv for iIm* iiiittituti<»nK of uur e«iuntry. 



70 GUABDB — MAPS AND RECONNAISSANCES. 

ABTICLE XLVn. 

Guards. 

519. The authorized Manual of Guard Duty w the guide in all niatterei relating to 
duties of fniardn not (*ontaine<i in these it^jnilations. 

519. Articles of camp and garrison equipage needed for strictly post or police pur- 
IN)ses — as flags, spades, shovels, axes, haU!liets, pickaxes, and broonis — will be issued 
by the (]uartennaster on special ret^uisition of the officer of the guard or officer of 
the day, approved by the post commander. These articles will be receipted for by 
the officer making the requisition and dn)pped from the quarterma>(ter's returns; 
articles other than those herein enumerated will be continued on his returns. 

530. Articles so obtained will be duly entered, by the officer wh(» receives them, 
on the guard report under the heading "Articles in charge." They will l)e carried 
on the report and daily receipted for by the successive officers of the guard or day. 
When no kmger fit for use they will be submitted for inspection, and, if condemned, 
disposed of as ordered. 

591. An officer who receipts* for pro|)erty so carrieil on the guard report is not 
requinnl to render returns theret^f. He is relieve<l from accountability for it by the 
HHvipt of his successor. 

ABTICLE XLVm. 

Maps and Krconnaihsan'ceh. 

599. The commanding officer of every body of troops ordered to march will select 
a coni{»etent person, pn^ferably a commissioneil officer, to whom he will intnist the 
special duty of making the field notes and sketches and keeping the journals herein- 
after mentioned for the preparation of a map of the route traversed. The perxon so 
8electe<i will be relieved of so much of his routine duties as will enable him to per- 
form this duty. Daily or more frequently the commanding officer will inspect and 
verify the notes and journal. 

59S. JoumaU) of marches will be kept in notebooks, and n)ute reconnaissances 
will be reconied on blanks. The books and blanks will W furnished by the Kngi- 
niH.T Deiiartment. If they can not be obtained they will l)e pre{>are<l ac(X)nling to 
standanl fonns as nearly as practicable. 

594. Notebooks will l)e freely used, an<l to guard against Uiss of valuable data 
cx)pii>s will be made, verified, and retaimnl, and the originals forwunliHl to depart- 
ment head(|uarters at every ctmvenient opfMirtunity. Whenever a nutHcient halt ifl 
made a map of the route up to that {M>int, together with a refxirt thennm, will be 
transmitted in the same manner. These notes will not l>i> oniittiHl when iiasBing 
over known routes. 

595. (reneral instnictions for the use and preser\*ati(»n of instnmients, the cliar- 
acter of the observations to be si>ecially ma<le and the methtNls of rei'onling them 
will l.>e found in printe<l notes in the book and on the form which the Kngineer 
I H*|>artiuent supplies. 

A96. Ke«|uisiti(»ns will l>e made u|)on the Kngineer IVfiartment fur the neccHsary 
instruments, notebooks, and reconnaissance blanks. 



TH£ MIUTABY ACADEMY — THE WAR COLLEGE. 71 

ABTIOLB 



THB MILITARY ACADSXY. 

•97. The United 8Ute0 MiliUry Academy at Wwt Point, N. Y., ooniitituU*fl an 
independent command from which all rvporti* and retuniB are nuule din*ct to the 
A<ljutant-<ffeneral of the Army; it w govemc^l by H{)ecial regulatioiii! which are 
prepared and promulipited by the Secretary of War. 

SIM. Leaven of aliiieiH*e for three nionthjs from date of (n^luation, will lie allowe^l 
to ffniluatnt of the Military Academy. They will not In* counte«l aiounnt them in 
MibM«|tient applicationn for leave, but cmn not be |MNit|M>iie<l to another time. 

SW« No pt^mrm who hai* been a cailet at the Military* Acailemy ix to In* de4*me<l 
under any cinruniHtanciv entitled to receive a (*«>miiiii«(ion in a<lvanct* of the frnu Illa- 
tion of hii* claHP. Tnder the act of Con^nvMH approved .March 2, U)l)l, no H(»ldier who 
hap been ex|N*ll(<<l frrmi the Military Academy for haxitiK will In* i*oinmii»iom.Hl until 
two yean* after the graduation of the claw of which he was a memlN*r. 

ABTIOLB L. 
Tub Army War Colxajb. The Skrvice S<*iioolh. 

TIIK ARMY WAR OiLLfDi'.R. 

A3#« Tlie Anny War (%ille|tc haviiifc for it^ obj«*ct the diff^'tion and coonlination 
of the inntnu'ticm in the varioiiK M*r\'i<v echoolH, the exteiuiion of the np|M.irtuniti(« 
for invcfiti|Eati<m and Htiuly in the Anny and Militia of the Unitt*il States, and the 
c^»lle«iion ami diiwmiiiation of military information, cimntituteft an inde|M*ndent 
command umler the imm<*iliate diret'tion of the S<*cTi*tarv of War. The ntaff of the 
(>i leiri*, the theiiretical an<l pnuiitral W(»rk to In* (*arnnl on, and the nauKf^of oHi<t*ni 
who may In* Ki*U<<*te<l to nnvive Ki*nera] ntaff ini<t ruction will U* aiinouiiii*<l in ortien*, 
fn>m time to time, by the A<ljutant-<teneral of the Anny. 

TUB I'NrrBi) ktatbi* en(sinbbr m-iicmu.. 

SSI* Tlu* Tnitetl States flufpneer S<*h(N>l. at WiUeti* Point, N. V., c(»nMitnte« an 
inile|NMi«l«-nt (truimand under the immediate' ilirectitm of the t^hicf of Flntrinwrv. 
Tlie N*lt*«*tion i»f the Ktaff an<i <»f the enfpni*er otticen* wh(» an* to und<*rv«» inf«tnuiiou 
i» maile by the (*hief of I*Infnn««ef>* with the appn>val of the S4*«-n*tary of War. 

A99* The (*f»mmandinK otti(t*r of each (ravalr>* and infantry n*fnni«'nt may, un the 
Int < lay of S«*ptenilN*r of each yc-ar, nominate tf> the romiiian«linir <fen<*nil of the 
Army on«> milailteni for detail at the I'nitetl State** Kntnnei-r S«*Iiimi1 at WiJU-tH f'nint, 
foraoKir>i«* of infttnution in tor|N*iio i«i*r\'i<v, to|Mi|nra|i|iy. and prai'titvl military cniri- 
m*erinir, oMumwicinK on tli«* Ut day of m*«i*mlN*r and «*ndini; on tli«* M itf <M-ti>lii*r 
followiiiir. The nomiiiationii tbuK made will In* (iirwanl«*fl thniutrh the nvular mili- 
tary chanm*lK. Similar iuKtnH'tion will In* inv«*n to hucIi otlictT* nf urtilU'ry lutnuiy 
lie deftiiniattil for that |iur|HN*i* by the (*hiff of Artillery. TIh* ollitvp* of the line 
ortlereil to iiiKtnH-tion dnty und<*r the «>|N*rati«»n of tliii* |Mirai;rapli will |i«»rfi»nn mich 
dutiei* af« may In* aivifrne<l to them by the <*««inmanilinir otliivr of th«* «4i'hool. 

ASS* The omditioiu* fpiv«*niinfr the d«*tail will In* <li*ti*niiiiic<l ea^'b y«-ur and 
aun«iuiitx<d in unierv fn>m the Ih-aiiqiiartfrii of tin* .\niiy. 

THE ART1LI.BRY W llofil.. 

AS4* TIm* ArtilU*r)* Si-hiiol at Fort MonnN*, Va . (*«»n.i<titiit«v an tndi'|M>n<li'nt ifim- 
maml, fnun whirh all n']M»rtfi an«l retunm an* ma«ir ilin-vt to tin* lic«tli|iuin«'rM»f the 
Anny. It in ir«»venie<l by (•fiecial reinilationi*. 

MA* Tli«* .\nillery S*ho4»l nball c«ini*ii*t of a cotiimafk*lant. an ailjiitant. Hiirh 
ifiMninont ai* ma\ In* t|rtaile<l. and (•urh tnio|«>, oiliirn*. anil <-nli-ttil ni«*n a«i may 
lie BHagiicd to it lor duty or iiurtrurtiuii by <inieni Irum llt«il<|uarterti ol the Army. 



72 THE SERVICE SCHOOLS. 

The general adminigtration of the school is intrusted to the commandant. The 
head of each de|)artment of instruction will conduct the work of his department. 

The commandant and heads of departments of instruction nhall (constitute a l)oard 
of artillery for the general service, to which may be referred from time to time all 
subjects pertaining to artillery upon which the General Commanding the Army may 
desire its opinion an<l recommendation. The secretary of the school board will act 
as recorder of the artillery board and will keep a separate record of its proceedings. 

536* The regular course shall be for one year, beginning September 1 of each 
year. The officers detailed for attendance at this sch(X)l shall ])e: 

1. From those recently appointed and not graduates from the Military Academy. 

2. Those below the rank of captain who have been longest in the s(*r\'ice and not 
already f^raduates of the Artillery School. 

3. Those officers of whatever rank who may <lesire to take the courne or any por- 
tion of it when their services can ])e s|)are<l. 

Officers detailed for attendance w^ill report by August 15 for preliminary examina- 
tions. 

THE SCHOOL FOR ELECTRICIAN HBRGEANTH. 

537* The school for electrician sergeants at Fort Monroe, Va., is a branch of the 
Artillery School. The plan of oi^ganization and instruction, the conditions of admis- 
sion, the course of study, and the time to be devoted to the different subje(*ts will be 
prescribed by the ofliwr in charge of the sch<x)I, subjei't to the approval of the com- 
manding officer of the Artillery School and the Commanding (icneral of the Army. 

THE INFANTRY AND CAVALRY HCHOOI^ 

539. The Infantry and Cavalry School at Fort leaven worth, Kans., is governed 
by special regulations, and will have the following organization: 

1. The commanding oificer of the post of Fort I>(>aven worth, Kans., shall Ih; the 
commandant of the school. 

2. The senior officer on duty with the school pursuant to orders from the War 
Department shall l)e the assi»<tant commandant of the school. 

3. The statf of the sch(»ol shall consist of the assistant comman<lant and the instruct- 
ors in charge of dej^artments. 

4. The instructors shall l)e assisto<l by such numlH>r of assistant instructors, desig- 
nated by the commandant, as may l)e retjuired. 

6. There shall l)e a secretar>' of the schiKil, appointeil by the commandant. 

6. The ofti(^*rH designateil as members of the student class are detailed in orders 
from the II(>adi|uarters (»f the Anny. 

7. The enlist«Ml font* and the etiuipment of the several organizations on duty at the 
post shall l>e available for the practical instruction of officers of the student class in 
field o{x>rations and drill regulations at such times as may Xm determined by the 
commandant. 

8. The course of instruction shall In? as provi<le<l for in the pn)gramiiie of instruc- 
tion. It shall einbrat'e two years, each year to constitute one term. 

9. The first year's courst^ shall Inyin on the 15th of Septeml)er, unless tliat <late 
falls on Satunlay or Sunday, when it shall begin on the following Monday. It shall 
end on the 31st of May. The month of August following shall In* <levot4^1 to such 
prac*tical exercises in the field as may l)e directs by the commandant. 

10. The stH'ond year's course shall embrace the iH»rio<l l)etwtH»n the 1st of Septem- 
Ikt and the 3lHt of May following. 

11. The Htaff shall note the names of the students who mav have shown marked 
proticiency in any branch, and shall state* the pn»fi*ssional employments for which 
any of them apiK'ar to U* s|Kvially (|ualifie<l. The staff shall als<» note the iiamee of 
otliivrs <if the dintin^iishcNl grade, not to exceed five, to be borne on the Anny Keg- 
JstiT as ** Honor graduates.*' 



THE 8EBV1CG SCHOOLS. 7«3 

12. When an officer ban fatuliuite<l in the <IiptinjniiHht*<l claw, that faot, with a 
traniacript from the rveonln of the H*ho<il netting f^rth thi* hraneht^x in whirh he lian 
lMt*n eHiMvially (liHtin^rtiichetl an«l the n*«Hinun«'n4lttti<ini« ^iven in hin caK* hy the ntaff 
of the M*h(iol, nhall tn* roninnniitrateil t«» the colon**! ni hin nvini«>nt. 

SM« (oninian«lin);offi<vrHof nviinentH will U> <lin*<-te<l from I]i*ailqiiarterHof the 
Anny to muke pn'liminary wleetion of othi^i'iv and of alternatii* one yt*ar in a«lvaniv 
of the <hite uf entrance* at the »H'h(M»l, and mieh (»tiiivrh <»r aIt(*rnati>H will, at tlie projier 
time, Ik* (letaiU*«l at th<* Hi*lifM»l, extvpt for (i»>;ent rcai^ons to thr omtrary; l»ut nootK- 
(vr will lie Mdi^t^ti**! who iii not pliyMcally (pialitU*<l for active M'r\*i4'e. A lint of the 
iianuf* f»f otliivn* an«l alternate)* m*UH*UMl will U* cent fn»m tlic Ailjutant-(t€*nerarM 
llfTiiv to till* cfimman«lant, whf> will caunt* the pnnrnunme ttf instruction and liHt of 
authuriz«*<l text-lxNik;* to U* r«t*nt to them. 

TMK ( AVAI.KY AM> l.K.nT AKTll.l.KUY M ||fH»|.. 

MO. The Cavalry and \A)t\iX Artillery Si-IiiniI at Fort Kilcy, Kann., in fjrovenuHl 
hy M|N*«'ial nvnlatioiifi and inrhid(*H a HiiliHi*hiMil of pnu'tiiv for (•sich nf th<i*4' ariiiH. 
Th«*i«cli(Md i.<4 fi>r the pur|KJHCof inMructiun in the cumhim*d oiierationn of (*avalry 
and liirht artillery. 

Ml* The»H'h<j(»I will have the following or>rani3Uit ion: 

(t. Such innnU'r of mjiunlmnH of cavalry, nut fXctiNlin^ thn*<s Mich numU^r <if 
hatt«*ri4*H nf litrht artillery, mtt I'Xcctilint; fiM-: anil Hich oth«*r <»tthvr)i and enlinte*! 
nifii af may U* then* ur^i^nol f^r in^nictioii. 

'». The tr«>fi|iH nf each arm nlrnll ntni^titute a nulwliiiol **( pnu'tiix*. 

'-. The eommantlant pliall In* a coloiifl nf «iivalrv. Imt in hin aliH«*n«'e the wnior 
nitiivr nf cavalry nr artillery pr«*M*nt will (itmnianil. 

•/. Th«* ilirei'tnr nf the MiliM'hfMd fitr <iivalrv nhall lie th<* MMiinr ntliivr nf travalrv 
pn-M'nt, next ti* the mmmandant. 

f. Tlie ilin*ctnr nf the miIim'IhhiI fnr artillerv nhall U* tin* M'ninr otfitvr of artillery* 
pn-M*nt. 

;'. Tlie Htaff *ti thi* M'hiMil r*hall cnn^i^t nf the (*i»iiiiiianiiant aiitl all field nttiivni of 
artillery and mvalry pn-M>nt at the |Mis*t. 

«/. \ M«en*tary nf the m'IhmiI up|M*iiit«'tl hy the mtnmandant. 

TIIK AKMV MEOICAl. M IKMil.. 

M4« Tile Anny Me«lifal S-hf»nl, at Wuhhintcton, !».('.. i** teo\-emeil hy i«|»eeial 
reindatinn'«, an«l >%ill ha\e the fnllnuim; ••rvninizatimi: 

I. Thef«u'nltv uill cnn?«i«t **( fniirnr iiM»n* pnife^^m* wWii-^l fr»»m tlieK»nior otrnvr>» 

of the Me« Ileal lK*|iart nt -t.itif>neil in nr nt-ur the «ity i^f Wa^hinutnn. ami Mieh 

a^wM iate prnftr^im a:* may U* n-«|iiire<l. The M*ninr i»tri«*<T will Ik* pni^itlent, and 
the jniii**r. ff^-retary **i the furulty. 

'2. Tlie Mutlent niliiiTx «t 111 In* M-lei*te«l hy the Siir\r«*nn-4 leneral fnmi thoNi* meiliinl 
nftiei'r^ wh«t have lN'«*n aptMiinttil •im-e the hi^it pr«ii*»iink' term nf the m-IhhiI, aiii| 
Hieh nthep* ai* iiutv In* nntlit»ri/t^l t'i att«-nd. 

MS. The oiiin-i* nf i:i*>tnictii»n will U- f«>r ti\e tiM*ntli>*. and iaiII In* L'i\eii annually 
at the Ariiiv M«-«lii';il Mu-^iiin. in \Va^liiHk't««n. I» < . i'»iiiiiM*neiinr ••n the tirnt M««n- 
dav nf NnXfinU'r. It uill in* luile h-tiiir*- ini anil pr.iitit-al in»tnictinii in — 

I. TIm* thiti«'« 4i( iitf^liml nttieen* in war and |n*4i f 

*J Militarv f»urv«'rv. tin* ran* nf the «ti*und4-«l in tinie nf war, anil h<N«pita! ailmin- 
bttratiiiU. 

:i. Militarv hyifiene 

•I. Military iiMtlii im*. 

5. Mi«n»^-*'p\. -aniiary uikI ilinii-al: |tath«>lii:i> .il lii-tnl«ii:y, Ineteriiilniry, and 
uriiHiIiiify. 

0. liiNipital <'«ir|i« •Irili. and lir^t ai>l to M«>Miidf<l 



74 THE GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL FOB THE INSANE. 

ABTICLE LI. 

The Government Hospital for the Insane. 

544. The insane of the military service will be sent by department commandera, 
under proper escort, to Washington, D. C, where they will be reported to the 
Adjutant-General of the Army, that the orders of the Secretary of War for admiadon 
to the Government Hospital for the Insane may be obtained. 

545. The following classes of persons are, by law, entitled to admission to the 
asylum: (1) Officers and enlisted men of the regular or volunteer forces, who have 
become insane while in the military service, or within three years aft(*r their dis- 
charge therefrom, for causes which arose during, and were causeil by such servioe; 
(2) inmates of the Soldiers' Home, and of the National Home for Disabled Volun- 
teer Soldiers; (3) civilian employees of the Quartermaster's, Subsistence, and Fay 
Departments who may become insane during such employment; (4) military con- 
victs. 

546* An application for admission to the hospital will be forwarded in time to 
reach the A<ljutant-GenerHl of the Army at least (»ne day before the arrival of the 
patient. It will contain a full description of the ]>atient, and will be accompanied 
by a certificate of the post surgeon containing the diagnosis and a detaile<l aocoont 
of the medical history of the case. If the patient be a soldier, his descriptive list 
and certificates of disability will accompany the application. He will not be dis- 
chaiiged from the service except by order of the Secretary of War after his arrival at 
the hospital. 

547* An insane soldier will be escorted by a noncommissioned officer. When a 
numlK'r art; sent at one time, or when the iiatient or {latients are violent, the depart^ 
ment commander may order such addition to the escort as may l>e necessary. The 
noncommissioned officer will report to the Adjutant-General of the Anny by tele- 
graph, at least twenty-four huurs in advance, the proliable time and place of arrival 
in W^ashington. After leaving the patient at the asylum, the noncommissioned offi- 
cer will report to the Adjutant-General of the Anny for further instructions. 

549. On the departure of the patient frum his staticm, the commanding officer 
will give such orders to the person in change as will pn>vide for transix>rtation of the 
necessary attendants to the institution and returning to their i)osts, also subsistence 
during their absence. When |>ayment of commutation, in lieu of subsistence in 
kind, is pennissible under paragraph 1410, the i^>mnmn<ling offu^r may, in writing, 
order commutation for the i>atient to l)e paid in advancv to, and receipted for by, 
the mmcommissioned officer to whose charge the |)ati(*nt is t'ommitted. 

549. To obtain the release of a iiatient when cured, or his delivery to the care 
of friends, application must be made to the Adjutant-! teneral of the Army, accom- 
panied by the recommendation of the superintendent of tlie hospitaL 



INDIANS — THE INDIAN COUNTRY. 75 

ABTIOLB LIL 

Inimaxii. 

INDIAN <X)l'.VrRY. m\ 

B§%. If any comniandiiif; <»ffi(vr of a military |MK(t haj* n'flHon to »nii>poc*t or w 
ioformed tliat any white fientun or Indian h* aU»iit to intnMlutv or lian intnMlutxtl 
any HpirituouK liquor or wine inU» the Imlian country in violation of law, he may 
caiuie the iMiati*, iftore*, |ia4*ka(ref«, wagf>nf*, hUnIh, ami plait*t« of <lf|Mii«it of huoIi |x>rMin 
t4> tie0cmn*he<l; and if mioh liquor ii« found therein, the Hunie, t(»frether with the iMiatn, 
teamn, wa|r<»nii, and nltHh* xihuX in eonveyini; the Hunie, and hImi the t!iMMlti, fkackaKeH, 
and peltrieH of mich {lemon, Hliall lie seized and deliveriMl to the |in>i»er oflinT, and 
shall be proceeded aipiiniit hy liliel in the pn>|)er <*ourt. It nhall. niorts»ver, Itc the 
daty of any perwm in the nerviee <»f the Tnit^nl Stat^v, or f»f any Indian, to take and 
<!estmy any anient K|»iritii or wine found in the Indian n»untry. extvpt mieh an may 
Im* intr«Miuee<l then*in hy the War I>(*|iartnient. In all (iima* arisini; undtT sections 
21.19 and 2140, K4*viM*<l Statutes, Indians nhall U* (*oui|K*tent witn«*i«Hi«. It nhall lie 
a sufficient defensi* to any rharKe of intHHlueing (»r utteniptiiii; to intnMlu«v anient 
spiritis ale, l»eer, wine, or intoxicating li<|Uoni into the Indian c<»untr>' that the aiis 
cliaryred were done under authority, in writing fnmi the War l>e|iartnK*nt <»r any 
offl(t*rduly authoriz4*<l thereunt4i hy the War I>e|«rtnient. 

SAl. The Indian (HKintry within the meaning of the fnn>going paragraph may be 
define*!, in gt*m*ral, an the Indian Territ<»ry. Indian n'MTvationn, urdintrict^ <M*eupi«*«! 
hy IiMlian trilienand to which the Indian title Iioh ni>t U«en extinguii«hi«l; orsec- 
tMins of c<»initry «iver which the o|H*ration of the Indian traile and intenimrse laws 
has lieen retainc«l hy Indian treaty stipulationn. Slionld any i-aM* arini* wliich, in 
the opinion of the de|iartnient commander, d<Kt( not apinnir to U' eiid»raci*il within 
th(w* delinitionH, he will re|N>rt it to the Secn^tary of War, in onlcr tliat the quention 
whether the l<Miition in Indian anintry may In* authoritatively ileteniiinc«l. 

BB%* When landn an* sccuntl U* the Indiann t»y tn-aty agaiiut mMiqiation hy the 
whit4« the militarv c«>niniandi'n* will keeti intnidcni f>ff the Kunit* hv military funx* 
if m*«<«9Mir>-. until such tiuH* as the Indian title is extinguished or the lan<ls are 
opene«l hy ('ongn*M« fur sett l«*nient. 

SM* Whcnquc»<tiiinsariseasto theownenihipiif animalnin |Mi(*ii*Hsion of Indians, 
the coin manding «itti(vr of the m^an-st military |H«*t i** :iiithiiri]u*fl ami •lini-t4*d tf»ac*t 
in conjunction with the agent in cliargt* of loiid Imlian}< in the invt'r'tigution and 
determination t>f ownerfhip. 

AM« The intnMluf'tion into the Indian c«»untry fnr the pur|MiMe of Male to, or 
excliange with IndianKof any hn<ech-loailing tin-annn ami «»f any •(|i«*eial ainniunition 
aalapte<l to them, ami the sale ami exrlumgetn Imlianr* in the Imlian <i»uiitry of any 
siM*h anitfi i»r amnninition is pn»liihit«*«l. The intnHluftinn intf» the ci»uiitry or dis- 
trict occiipii*il hy any triU* iif hi«ttile Imliaiif, f<ir the puriHi^i' <if ntiU* i*r excluingi* to 
tlH*m, of anuK «ir ammunition «)f any ih-M-ription. ami the wile i>r excliangi* thcn^if 
t«» or with nu'U Imliam*. is pn»hihitMl: ami all ^im-h anitn tir aniniunitii»n intnMlniiMl 
hy traflen^or othi*r |tt*rsons, and which an* liahle in any manner t<> U> n*«-eiv<il hy 
such hti^tiU* Indians, sliall \n* detoiMsI cuotralaui*! of war, to lje seixed hy any oitiivr 
and «-«infiM«ted. 

SAS. SuppH<*s, «ti»res, and pn»|>erty «if any kind prtirun*d «iut *»t Army uppnipria- 
tii»ns will not lie transfem^d. in anv wav «*r nmler anv i-ir«-umFtam -«•*•. fi»r tlie nm- of 
liKlians exct*pt under authority tln*t nhtaimil fn>iii the ^N•« n-ury tif War. Any utti- 
cer violating the tenns of this nvulati«>n will U* iharve*! %iith the iieincy vhIih* 
uf ibe iupi4ioi| fturva, or pru|j«rty transfern**!. and in a^lditiuu \m* olheraim* hel*! 



80 ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAWS. 

(2) The following f«ectionfl of an act approvinl July 2, 1890^ entitled: 

AN ACT to protect trnclc anil commcit'e agHinnt unlawful restrain tM and monopollcfl. 

Sec.I. Evcr>' contract, combination in the form of tni^t orotherwiifo,or conMpiracy in rcfltnint of 
trade or commerce amonfir the !H.>veral States, or with foreign nationn, in hereby declared to l>e illegal. 

Ever}' iK>rM>n who xhall make any Murh contmct or engafre in any Kuch combination or conitpiracy 
shall be deenuHl guilty of a mL«>demeanor.and,on conviction thereof, .shall Ik' puniKhed byline not 
exceeding five thotimnd dollant or by imprisonment not excee<ling one year, or by both mid puninh- 
mentisin the diwretion of the court. 

Hec\3. Every contract, f combination in form of truDt or otherwijie.or conMpiracy in rentndnt of trade 
or commerce in any Territory of the rnite<l States or of the District of 04jlumbia, or in restraint of 
trade or commerce i>etwit»n any such Territory and another, or In^tweeu any such Territory or Ter- 
ritorieit and any State or States or the I>istri<>t of Columbia, or with foreign nations, or between the 
Diiitrict of Columbia and any State or States or foreign nations, in hereby dcclart-d illegal. 

Every person who shall make any such contract or en,nige in any such (*ombination or consplfMcy 
shall bedeeme<lguilty of a misdenietinor,and,on conviction thereof, shall l>e punished by fine not 
exceeding five thousand <iollars or by imprisonment nut excec<ling one year, or by both mid puniih- 
ments, in the diwretion of the court. 

(3) The following section of an act appnjvtMl July 2, 18*)4, entitU»<l: 

AN ACT granting lands to aid in the construction of a milmad and telegraph line from Lake Buperior 

to Puget Sound, on the I*aclflc coa^t,by the northern route. 

Sec. 11. And be U further etimial. That said Northern Pacilie liiiilnmd, or any {tart thereof, bhall be 
a p<iHt route and a military nMid, sut>ject to the n»v of the I'nited sti.tes f(»r i»<M<tal, milltar>', naval, 
and all other Cioveniment service, and also subjiN't to such regulations as Congress *nay Impoee 
rentricting the charges for such Government transiN^rtHtion. 

(4) The following w.vtion of an act appn>ve<l July 1, 1K<>2, entitltMl: 

AN ACT to aid in the construction of a railnwd and teb'graph line fmni the MisMiuri River t4) the 

Pacific Ocean, and to se<>ure to the <ioveniment the u<^> of the same for )K>>*tal,ijilitary,and other 

purposes. 

(The I'nion and Central l*a<>ine Itailway eoniimnh>s. ) 

Set. 6. Andbt it furthrr t nacttd. That the grants afon>said are made U{M)n condition tliat naidoum- 
pany shall pay said bonds at maturity and shall keep said niilnNid and telegraph line in repair and 
use, and shall at all times transmit dispatches over said telegraph line and trans]M)rt mails, trrx^M, 
and munitions of war, HUi>i>lies, and public stores u[ion said milnind for the Government whenever 
required to do N> by any department then>of, and that the Government shall at all timej have the 
preference in the use of the same for all the puriHMes aforcHaid. • • * 

(5) The following MM'tiont* (»f an act appniviMl July 27, 18<J*i, tMititle<l: 

AN ACT granting lands to aid in the construction of a railn»a<I and telegrnph line fnim the States of 

MiMMturi and Arkansas to the Pacific coast. 

Sec. U. And be it further tnnried, Tliat said Atlantic and Pariiie luilroad. or any {Mirt thereof, shall 
be a po^t n>ute and militar>' road, subject to the use of the rnite«l States fi»r {MH^tal. military, naval« 
and all other Government M*rvi«*e, and also subj(>et to Mu-h regulations a^ (^mg^•!xs may ini|inae 
restricting the charges for su<-h Government tran.-portution. 

SEC. IS. And Itt 't furthtr fwuinl. That tbeSoutlum I'liriiie Knilrttiid.a rom|Miny incor)Minite«lundctr 
the laws of the State of California. i> hereby auiliori/Ml to 4>onn«Tt with \\u- Niid .\tlantic and l*aciflc 
Railroad, fonnnl underthis act. at such |N>int near the boundary line of ihr State of California asth«*7 
shall diH-ni nut^t suitable for a railroad line to San Fran«-iM-o. and sliall haven unifonn gauge and 
ratecif freight or fare witi) said road; and in consi<leration tberi-of. to aid In its eon^tnict ion. shall 
have^inlllar grantoof land, subject to all the conditions and liniitatioii.N tierein pntvidnl. and i^iall 
be HHiuin'tl to construct its rmul on the like n'gulation-. a« to tiiui> and manner, with the .\t1antic 
ami I*acifi<' Railroad lien-in )»rovi<liil for. 

SEc.-'i:tU>. It shall Ih> unlawful to take any vcfwel or earuo detaiiusi uniler the pr<'4-e«ling M*cti»n 
[m><'. .V31'i] from the cusiotly of th«* pmiK-r <tflicers<if th«' eiistont-. unle!>?< b> pnM-t>?sM»f nmie court of 
the rnlt»'<l Stales: and in caM- »»f any attempt oth»Twl«»e ti> take sin-h vessel or i-anro by any fon*e, or 
combinati<in. «ir a.^M'inblage of persons t<Ni great to Ik.* overcome by the otVu-ersnf the <Mistoms the 
l^n'sideiit. orsueh (wr^iii a-« hi* shall have i'in(*owen'<l for that puri^^ise, may employ sueh {lart of the 
Army or Navy or militia of the I'nit.d >trttf*.or such f<irce of citi/4'n volunt<i'p«. as may !«' n<'e<'Msnry 
to pn'Venl the n-nioval of sui*li vcsk'I or rarv'o and to pn>te4-t tlie •'tlu'ep* i>f ihe motonis in n-tainiiig 
thecusto*ly th«*n-«»f. 

tir^No l>l.ANI«t. 

SRC. ytTT. The Pn'sideiit isauthoriziil. at his discn'tion, to eni]»loy the laiitl and naval forci*s ot the 
Cniteil State» toprot*'et th«'rightsof the diMitven-r [of a guano island] or(»f his widow, heir, ex«M.'U tor, 
admiuiBtrat4»r.or aligns. 



ENFORCEMENT OK THE LAWfl. 81 

IMA* OflicerH of the Aniiy will not |N*niiit tnM>i)»i tindor their miiniiuiKl ti» U* umiI 
to alii the civil utithoritietf an a \nim»e i*()iiiitatui«, f»r in <*X(*«*iition of the Iuuh, extvpt wn 
proviflftl in tht* f<>i\*}ri»in); imrAfrniph. 

AII6. If tini4* will ailniit, applimtion^ f<»r the uw* of tnMifMi fur Hiirh piir|Miw*ri uituft 
In* forwunliMl, with ntatenienti* of all material fat'tn, for the i*onr(ii ler.it imi an«l ai'tion 
i»f thi* Prifiilent ; hut in eane of Hiulden and nnex]N*<'t4'<l invasion, in>«iimi*ti«>n. or riot, 
I'miaiii^'rin); the puhlie pn»iN*rty of the Tnite^l Stateis or in <'im' iif attenipti**! or 
thn'sitt'nt'il rohlwry or intemiption of the Uniti**! Staten niailn, or i»thfr efpiivulent 
i*tiii'nri*n«'y ho imminent ax to n^nder it dan^'roiiH to await inf*tntrtion>« ni|ii«*4t4'«l 
thniiiieh the i«iNH*«li(>»)t meannof omimunitration, an otHnTof th«' Army may takeHiieh 
ai'tion Itefon* tin* nxeeipt of iiuitnidioiu* ai* the rin*nmt4tan(*i-H of th«* ca;-** and the law 
undiT whirh he in ai'tin^ niay jiii)tify, and will promptly re|N>rt hin action and the 
cin-tiniKtanf*eH n*<|uirinK it to the Adjutant-General of the Anny hy tcUvraph, if {nm*- 
sihli^ for the infonnation of the rnvident. 

IMT« In theenfon*ement of the lawn tHNifv* an' employcMl at* a |iart ni the military 
Iiow«'r of the Tniti'tl Statei« ami act un«ler the onlrrn of the l*n*^idcnt Ht* (*ommander 
in ( 'hief. Thev <'!an not U* flire<'t4'«l to a<*t under tht* onlern of anv civil otlitvr. The 
nmimandinic olIkvrH of troofv* wi eniployt*«l an* din^-tly n*f<|ionMhle to their military 
ifii|ierion*. Any unlawful or uiuiuthoriz4*«l act <in their fjart would not U* excuKihle 
ontlle^n>und of an onler or n*(|uei«t nnfived hy them fn»ni a marnlial or any (»ther 
<"ivil otlirt*r. 

IMM* Tnio|Mi tvlh^l int4» atiion aieainM a moh fon'ihiy nviHtini; i >r otintnirtinir the 
ox<i*ution f»f th<* lawH of the rnitc^l Stat4i« or att4*m|itin); to divtmy pni|ii'rty U*ii>nfr- 
ini; toor un«ler the pn»t«4*tion of the Tnitiil Stat4fi an* K<>vcm«*d hy tin* t^-ncnil n-ysn- 
latii»ni« of the Anny and apply military' ta4*ti4V in n'«*|ie4*t tii the manner in whirh they 
^hall act to a4t*(»mplif«h the detiin<<l «*nd. It if pun*ly a ta«'tii*Hl (phtition in nliat ii*an- 
n<*r tht'y »ihall um* the w«*a|N)nH with which th«*y an* anii<*d — wh«*tht*r hy tin* of muK- 
kftrv ami artill«*r\* or hv tin* wve of the tiavtmet ami NaU*r, or hv lN>th. ami at what 
iilair«*of tim o|H-nition(< eai'h or t*ither niiNle of atta4*k nhall U* «*mplo\«*iI. Thi.x taiti- 
i^al quivtion will U* (U*cide«l 1-y the immc<liat4*oimmaxi«It*rof th<*tnMi|iH, acconliii)? to 
hiN judKim-nt of the Hittiatii»n. The tin* of tnM>|ii< nhoulii U* withhcltl until tim«-ly 
waminK hai« lN*«'n ^ivi'U to the inno«t*nt who may UMninirU*d with the moh. TnMi|«i 
niiiM nt*ver tin* iiitnacrowd unU^«< onlenil hy th«*ir t'ommamlin); •*tfiif*r. cxivpt that 
riii^dtr 0i*ltvt4il (*hur|iehiMitcn* may nhiNit iloun individual riotrni >» ho hav«* tin*i| u|iiin 
or thniwn mifV'ihf at thr tr(M>|«i. Ah a ie«>m'nil nil«* the Uiyouft alone Mhoulit U* iiM-tl 
■Kainst niix«<«l cniudH in the lin*t nta^v of a n'Viilt. Kut an nmhi ai* Hitliricnt nani- 
ing haii lK*t*n ^iven t«i eiiahletheinn<«vnt toHefiarate th4*mpelv«fi fnnu tlie (niilty, the 
at'tion of the tnHi|H« nhouM U*irovenie<l hiMv hy the taiii«iil ci>n^iih'nitii»n» invoUi*f| 
in th<* ilutv tlirv an* unU're^l to iicrfonn. Thrv nhoultl make their hlowi* ho effi^-tive 
ai» to pn>mptly Mippn*i««allnvij*tmii<*e to lauful authority, and Hhould ntop tht* dt-ritrui-- 
t ion of life the moment lawh^w nf*iMaiic«* ha^ tvan^l. I'uuifhuient lH*lonirH. not tu 
the tnio|««, iMit to the nmrtK of jiiHtiiv. 

2R1H- 02 6 



82 CEMETERIES. 

ABTIOLE LIV. 

CBMirrERIKB. 
NATIONAL CEMETERIES. 

5#9. National cemeteriee, an<l the reconlH pertaining thereto, arc under the cbai^ 
of the QuartemiaHter-General. All corre8{K>ndence Ix^tween hit) (liiice and the officers 
of his department in charge thereof, and the civil engineer and agents esjiecially 
employed in connection therewith, also the monthly reports of 8U{)erintendents, will 
be forwarded direct to him. 

BATTLE-GROUXD CEMETERIES. 

570. In order to secure, as far as possible, the decent intennent of those who fall 
in battle, it in the duty of c*ominanding generals to H(*t ui>art a Huitable spot near every 
battletiehl, an<l to cause the remains of the killed to Ik* there interre<l. Headboards 
will be place<l at the graves, each Ix.'aring the ntmiluT of the grave and the name of 
the |)erson l>urie<l therein. A register of the burial ground will be pre8er\'ed, in 
which will Ix* entere<l the location of eavh grave and the descriptive numbers and 
names which appear on the headboards. 

5T1. When* conditions make it ]H>ssibIe every grave must bt» carefully marked by 
a hcadl)oanl, with the name, rank, and organization of the diHVJ&Hed, and the com- 
pany commander will be held res]>onsible to the extent of marking the graves of 
men of his conifiany who <lie or are kille<l on the Held. He will report through the 
pn>i>er military channels the date and cause of death, stating the liMati<m of grave 
and how inurkiNl. When a soldier dies in hospital the sui^on in charge will be 
held resi)onsible for similar action and report. 

POST CEMETERIES. 

57d« The commanding otruHT of ever\' ]K)st situati^l on public lands of thel'nited 
States will siv that a suitable {>ortion of such land is, when practiciible, tn»X a]iart and 
pro|>erly niaintaine<i fur the burial of deivasiHl otKci*rHaiul soldiers and their families, 
and of Ctoverument employees. 

57JI. Post cemeteriiv will l)e suitably inclosiHl with a wall or feiuv of the best 
material available, and will Ik* maintained by tin* lalM)r of the garrison. Matcriala 
for the construction and n»pair of fences an<l hea<ll)oanls will Ik* furniHht*<l by the 
12uartcniiaster*s Ik*}»artiiient. 

57-1. At eiich grave will 1k> place<l a headl>oanl, plainly niark(><l with a nuinlier, 
and with the imme, company, regiment, and date of dtnith of the (Kvu])ant,the num- 
lK*r to c<irn'^i|M>nd to the numlxT in the rectml of intennentf<. lleadUiards will Xna of 
weH-si':i.Min«Hl w<mh1, |iuinte<l with thrtn.* coats nf whit** paint, fnur ftvt long, ten inches 
wide, on4' and thretM'ighths inches thick, and stand two U^'\ out of the gn»uiid; the 
inscriptiniiH in black letters on4* inch long. 

•(75. Walks will Ik* four f4H.'t wide, nciitly roun<le<l, and ]>ro|K'rly dniiiK*<l and 
gnivelfd when the niat4*rial is at hand. When pnirticable, ^(mhI gniss hnI slumld 
cover tlie n'.*<t of the gn>und. including the ^rav(*M, and native tnn.'s and shrubs will 
U* pr**s<*rv(*<l or planttHl fur ornament aixl shade. 

576. A n*<"nnl of intermenti^ will U» k«*pt by the (jnartennaster, whi<*h will lie 
tnriHMl -ivrr by him, when relirv***!, to his .«u«*<"i'sst»r ^r transinitteil to the Quarter- 
inasti-r-* M'lM'nil if th«* j^iHt 1h* dis**i»ntinne<l. 

577. A rr|M)rt containing the nanM*s of jK*n*<»ns buri<*<l during: the calendar yi*«r, 
giviiiL' in cat*!! c:b*t> nundN*r and l(K*ality (»f gravr, (late of death and burial, and in 
cas4* ot an •itlin-r or (Mdiste<l man, his rank, conqiany, and regiment or i*or|is, will be 

Atmunh-i} tit thv i^uarteniiaster-Geueral. 



ADVERT18INO. 88 

ABTIOLB LV. 

Advehtimng and I^INTINC}. 
NK1«*HPAPBR AI>VEKTIKlNO. 

ATM. NewppafterH offirimlly (levigated for puhliHhin^ War ]>(»|iArttiiont a<lvortif^»> 
iiiviiU* an* rt'ciiiirHl to forwanl to the cliief ol«*rk Mworii f*tateiiu*iit(* of th(M*oinim*rvial 
nitcH charviMl hy thi*iii to tiidivitlualit, with tlu'ir \iH\m\ fiiHcoiintt*, and of any rlian^'s 
iium1«* ill thi* Haim*. ThcM.* Htateiiii*iiti< will ^ivt* tlu* nizi'of ty|M> u^hnI in thoadvi^rtiHe- 
im*ntj«and hIiow «h«*tlier ttu'clianrcs an* nia<U> hy thi* inrh. line. H*|iian\ or folio, 
thf rate* for tli«* tir><t and ctihrHMim'nt iiiM^rtionn, and if hy the Hi|uan*, the nnnitnTof 
liniy niuiiteil an f<u<-h. Knu-tional |»arti4 of an inrh, Miiian*, or folio will U* fwid for 
at pn>|M>rtionate nitcH. When elianseHan* varie<l in a4*(H»rdan<v with amount of fi|)a4*e 
fiocupittl or |M*riod of puhli<iition, the Htatenientj« will nhow the I'lianri*)* for fn>ni one 
M|iian* ti> the nuniUT of Hiiuan*!* eontaine<i in a oilunin, inM*rte«l fn»m one to thirty 
tiuieti. 

AT9. The Ih'suIh of hnniiiu* of the War I>i*|iartnient will furnish otHcvrH rhaneed 
nith the puhlication of a«lverliM*nientx liftf* of newH)Ki|H'rH d(*Mi^nati'«l hy the Seen*- 
tary (»f War, ami the n(*«*et*«ry hlankn for eonipliaiuv with tlu-M* nytilHtionn. 

*kHQ, i MiitvrH uill ol»4erve <*on«*iH'neKH in wonlin^r a«lvertiM*nienti«, and the matter, 

iiit lading the heading' ami the name and title of the ni^nin^ otrK*«'r, miii*t lH*M>t up 

i*|i*p4* in one iiara^niph, without danh or hlaiik liner<, leailinK or dinphiy, and in ty|ie 

no larver than that onlinarily ui*e«i in aiivertirii*nienti<. At otlU*ii4 and de|MitK uhen* 

pni|MiMili' an* fnipiently invite<l it if* not m^ttiwary to puhlii^h in «*tt<'h traM* the eimdi- 

tion« u?«iially ini|M»!^'«l u)Min hit Men* ami omtrai'torH: a ntatenient tliat they will Ih* 

furni-^heil i»n applimtion ^\\\ HUttiiv. The following in a nampleof ailvertiHeiiieut set 

up in a^xYiniamv i»ith th4i«e re«iuin*nient4«: 

I'm .i^ M « ij« riiR Kmit II<me.— omo* of HiiiMlUK f<>r Stuio, 
W«r. hikI Nii%v lK'|«(rtini*iiiM. Miwiliitiictt»n. h. <*. N«i%. .V 
|*tf«7 - St-nlifl |ifi»|«Mil« fur fiimMiliiK mill ilfli\<-riiiK«inltn«*f| 
iJiii'ii l|iM*. riMiplitiK. Mini I l|ic«. f«ir «i4-»t iirKl i-i-hiit wIiik^ 
of biiililiiiK fur M«l«'. W«r. iin«l Sn\} I»«-|i«rtnifiii*i. in tliM 
fU>. Mill In* n-«-«-iv*>«| iH-n- until I'i nt.. N<i\ 7. ls^7. Mn«l itn-n 
(itN-th<<l. lnfi*nti«tlon fitniL*htil on Hpt>h4'Hti«*ti Fn%*'li'iM-« 
<iinuininic priiiHnaUfihiMiM lM-lniliii>Mtl rnit«iNil«|i>r r\T%' 
IliM-. an«l ntl<lriiM«l Th«m Li><i»i.n i'\*v.\. 4'.>1 F.nKri. 

Atlvertt!^*nif'iit?« fiT iiiiartenna^terV Kipplii*^ will ix»nfonii in the n*<|uin'menti« of 
M^iii'in ;t71»'i, U«'\iMtt Stalutfii. 

il^l. N«i«itht'ial inUiTtiMMiit'iit «till N* puhliHlNtl in any newi>iiM|M*r «*x<'«'pt under 
fi|Hi-inl«irtren«Tui urittfU authority i*Mhe.S-<*retary nf War. SiN-t'ial authority aut hi tr> 
in*« th«' pul»li(-uti«»n lif atri^cn lulvertiM'iiifni a i-|ie<*itie«l nuiidier of tim«*>4 in adt-H^nate<l 
ne«t«|«u|MT or iH*\i«|ia|i«*n«. (ieufral authority \n i!ninti<«l only to di(khun*in}c (ttrMfn* 
entr«nr«-4l in inakinir frei|u«'nt pun hajHv and oiUtnirtf. and autht>ri/e?« the puhlication, 
fi»r oiNiitictl iMTimU. ill d«T>it;nat«-«l ni*«t-|M|ier>, «*f mkIi a<lvertt>«'nienti« for pni|MM<al^ 
ai* their dutii-h may r«<*|uinv Ihieiitmouiy ai« U* th«* niitnUTnf ni*M<«|4i|N*p« in whi<h 
an advert iwriH-nt i- !•• up|v*:ir «tiil In* iilM*r>'e<l hy ••tliiiT^ having irenenil aiithithty 
t«* uit\«*ni-«-. n<> trrvaii-r niiinU*r U'itii; iim*<1 in any •'Um' tlian may U* n«<«i^M«ary tn t;i\e 
pn*l«-r and -uiriitent puhhi- nittiii*. 

il%)l« lCo|Uf?>t" U*T rtuthi>nt\ t<» ailvertim* will U* ma<le u|Mtn thf pni^'rilieil hlank 
fMHu*. I'Xrt'pt that ill lib-** iif trn«t eiueruenry. thi* iiatiin* of which mil In* Mate* I, 
auth"nt\ !•• a*l\i'rti-*' may U* n'«|m'?»t«'«| I y telivraph. 

•I^9. Ad\*Tii««'!ii«'ttt» 111 iieu«i|«fc|4'rf* ann**unciiii; •ali-« fi profM-ny *tr invitintr pn^ 
|M»4i!- for furiii«hini; iaUir **r Miipplif*'. will, mi a rule. ali<>H tinny day*> ti* int*-r\i'.i«' 
N'twif ii date '•( lir»( piiMii-atiitn and *late nf oah* iir i'ltt'iiini: «>f hi«lii. U iHi*«*^ity 
n^piin-. a -hxric-r |«-n«i<l ii.a\ U* all<*w«t|. hut imi |NTi(*d ••! !«•*•• tluin ten dayi* will \n» 
dtviicnatevl eiix'pi in caM* •«( «'iiien^*ncy. The ulliii'r wh>> i^ ai-t^Kintahle for pn>|H*ny 



82 CEMETERIES. 

ABTICLE LIV. 

Ckmeterikb. 
national cemeteries. 

569. National cemeteriee, and the reccmlH pertaining thereto, are under the cbaiige 
of the Quartennaf^ter-Cirencral. All correepondeni'e l)etween hin tiftii'e and the officers 
of his department in chaise thereof, and the civil engineore and a^ntu eH|)ecial]y 
emp1oye<i in connection therewith, also the monthly reports of 8U{)erintendents, will 
be forwarded direct to him. 

BATTLE-GROUND CEMETERIES. 

570. In order to siH^ure, as far as possible, the dec^ent intennent of those who fall 
in battle, it in the duty of commanding generals to H(*t ai>art a suitable spot near every 
battlelidd, and to cause the remains of the kille<l to 1m* there interred. Headlx)ards 
will Ix; pla(re<l at the graves, each l)earing the numU'r of the grave and the name of 
the iH*rsim burie<i therein. A register of the burial gn)und will Ix; preserved, in 
which will Im> entere<i the ^M-ation of each grave and the descriptive numbers and 
names which ap{H^r on the headlx)ards. 

571. When* conditions make it i>068ible every grave must bt» (*arefully markeii by 
a headlMXini, with the name, rank, and organization of the de<v.ased, and the com- 
pany comnuuider will be held res])onsible to the extent of marking the graves of 
men of his comjiany who die or are kille<l on the iield. He will n*port thnnigh the 
prt>]>er military <*liannels the date and cauw* of dt*ath, stating the l<Kration <if gra\'e 
and how markc*d. When a soldier dies in hospital the surgeon in charge* will be 
held res])onsible for similar action and report. 

I*OST CEMETKRIEH. 

57d. The commanding otfi(x>r of every iH)Ht situatc<l on public lands f>f the United 
Stati*s will siv that a suitable {M)rti(»n of such laud is, when pnu -tit -able, H«*t a|»art and 
pn>|H*rly inaintaiiu*<l for the burial of deci*as(*<l olIici*rs and soldiers and theirfamilii*9, 
and of (toverumunt employees. 

573. Post cemeteries will l>e suitably iiiclosi*<l with a wall or feiict* of the Iwst 
muterial availabh', and will l>e maintainiHi by the hilM>rof Xhv garris4»n. Materialu 
for tlif constniction and repair (»f fences and lie:i<ll>(HtnlH will U> funiished by the 
tiuartennastcr's I )ei>artment. 

571. At cucli grave will In* plmH*d a headlxiard, plainly niurk(><l with a numlier, 
and with the name, company, n*giment, and <late of dmth nf the (M'cui»ant, the nuui- 
Ikt to corn*s|M)n(l to the numln'r in the n^^^tml (»f interments. lleadlMuinls will 1h* (»f 
well-s<.*:i.MHUM! w»mm1, }i;iinte<l with thnn* i*osits of whit** iwiint, f<iurf«H't long, ten inches 
wide, one and t}ire<*H*i^btli.'< inches thick, and stan«I two U'**X out of tlu* ground; the 
iiWiTiptioiiH in black letters <»ne inch long. 

575. Walk?* will U* four feet wide, nwitly n»uinU'«l, and pro|H'rly dr:iin(>«l and 
trniveled ^^ lifii tin* material is at hand. When pnutieable. pMnl gr.t«s hmI nlionld 
cov«'r the n-.-t of the jrrouiul, inrluding the gniv<*s, and native trini* an»l shnil>H will 
Ih- pn»^iTved nr planteil fi»r ornament ami sha<le. 

576. A HN'onl nf inteniieiits will Ik* kept by the 4|uartcrnia.«'ter, which will lie 
turned «»ver by liini, when n*liev«*«l. to his r*uc«*es.«*nr nr tnuisniitti'*! to the Quarter- 
m:i.'iter-< ieiiend if the jMvst Ik* discontinne<l. 

577. A re|Mirt <>ontainiiig the nanH*s i»f )>ersonH burie<l during the ndendar year, 
giviiiL' in each east* nninlNT an«l l<t<'ality of grave, dat4' nf death and burial, and in 
cib'e of an nliict-r or enliste<l man, lii.»* rank, e(»m}tany, ami n'gimeiit or mrjis, will be 
/ffruarrlt'il to the (^uartenuaster-Geuerul. 



ADVERT18INO. 88 

ABTIOLB LV. 

Advbhtimxg and Pkjntino. 

newhfapkr ai>vektihin(>. 

ATM. Ni'WHiMiiKTH (iffioially dttq^riiaie*! for |>ii)»liHliiii^ War IH^partiiient a(lvortif^»> 
iiKMiti« AfL* ntiiiiriNl to forwanl to tht* chief rU*rk Mworn Htatoinciiti* of thiM*oiniiii*n'ial 
rmtcv rliaryiHl )>y thiMii to iiitliviiluab*, with their ib<ual diMiMintii, and of any rliaiiisi'S 
nuMh* in tht* Hanit*. Thi*M* Htatt*nienti< will fi;iv<» the h\u* of ty|M* iimiI in th4*a(lvi*rtiM*- 
mi*ntj« ami nhow wliether thechar^« art* niaile hy tlu* inrh, line, tii|uan>, or folio, 
the rate for thr tir>>t an<l tnihtHMjiient inM^rtionn. an<l if by the Hi(iian*, the numlier of 
limy coiinic*! an nurh. Knu'tiimal |iartM of an inrh, Miiian*, or folio will U* |iai<l for 
at pn»|Mirtionatf nit«'H. \Vlu*n charyeH an* van<*<l in iu*4-onlan(v with anniunt t»f ii|ia4v 
oompitNl or |K*ri«Ml of pnhlieation, the Ktatenienti* will nhow the <*har)ri*i* for fn»ni one 
N|uan* to the nunilier of Hiiiianw timtaimNl in a mlunm, inM*rt4*«l fnmi one to thirty 
tinHf. 

AT9. Thi* luiiilf<i»f huniuiH of the War l>e|iartnient will fn^li^h ofHtvrH rliarpil 
with th(* |>nMi«-atii»n of a«lvertiM*nientf* lint.** of n<*wH|«i|N*rH deni^nateil hy the .Svn^ 
tary of War, an«l the ncii'^wary hlankn for oinipliamv with tlieM* nvulHtionn. 

4*iO. i Htio'rH will o)feH*rve <'oneiM*ni*KH in wonlin^ mtvertJM'nKMiti*, anil the matter, 

ini )ii<Iin^ till* heailin^; ami thenanifand title of th«' Hi^ninir oHic<'r, iiiiu*t lK>Hi*t up 

eliRH* in one |i:ini};niph, uithout ilanli or blank liuei', hiulini; or diKplay, ami in ty|»e 

no lann^r !liun that oniinurily iiM*«i in aiilvertiw.'ni(*ntj«. At o(li«i'»t am! ti«*iN>ti4 where 

pn»|Miv4ilH an* fn^pifntly invitt**! it in not m*«xiMiry tf> publii<h in 4*a4'h eaM* tht* «N>mli- 

tionp ib*iiall> iniiMtM-*! u|N»n bifhlen* ami eontnu*tor>>; a t<tat4*ni«'nt tliat thi*y will lie 

fnnli^h4*ll on H|ipiii-utii>n will Huliife. Th4* ftillowin^; in a HanipI<*of ai 1 vert ii«i*iueut nut 

up in aiTonlamv with thive re<|uin*ni4*nt<*: 

l*itiii^Miij> MiR Kirk Hi mf. — 4 ifllii* «•( HulMinir f<ir ^mw. 
Wiir. atiil Na\y lH*|airttiifiilJi. Vlipi|iiiiirl<iii. 1>. 4*. Nnv. \ 
l<viT - s^-nifol |>n*|BMiNf<irftinii«huiiciiii«l ilrli\«'niiKunliii4*<l 
l.iiifii IftMf. <'iMi|»liiiK. mihI I i|ii-*. (iir wiM Miiil t'«-iii«*r wlitK^ 
4i( huihilriK U»T suit*. Wiir. mw\ Sn\y lN'|wrtiiii'tiio. in thin 
<-it>. will !■• ntflvt^l hrn* until I'ini.. N*t\ 7. lv«7, mii<1 tlM'U 
nfM-iH**!. Infiinimtl'tn hiniUht^l 'tn npi'lifNtiitii. Kii%rliiiHii 
(iMiUininK |»ri>iBMiiU»h<Milf| (m- ln«l<i>M-«l * l*ni|NiNiUl«ir rlrv 
liiM . «n<l iiil«lri*«Mi1 TiiiM. l.i««iii.N 4'«kicY. 4'i>l Knien*. 

Ailv4*rti*^'tii«'nt^ f>»r i|i:art4'niia}*t4*r*i« »«upplietf will 4x»nfonn to the n'«|uin*ni4'ntH <»f 
iie«-ti*in '.17 U\, Ki*\i»4i| Statiitit*. 

4*i|. N<i ••tl'irial a<l\t>rti**«*ni«-nt will U* publiHhitl in any n«*u^IlM|l4•r 4*X4*<*pt luiilcr 
fli|Mt'iiil«ir»r4*ii«-nit wntt«-naiithont\ nf theS'«'r4'tary i>f War. S|Nt'ialauth4irityaiithor> 
ixi'<«thi* publH'»ti«in itf »i!i\<*n iiilv4*r1i>«<*infnt a?«|^'«'iti4il niiniU*rof tini4^ iiiaili*i<i^nati-«l 
n4*w«>|ia|H'r or hf\%-|iu|N'rf«. <i4>n4'rul anthoritv i« u:Rint«<«l Mnly t«Mlii<tKin><in}; otiin'n* 
rniruir*'*! in inukint: fri-«{Ui*nt pun ha^^i* and ti'iitnn tf. iiiul aiithtin/4-H the publii-ation, 
for «|MM-itic«l |4*ni**t^. in ihT>ii;nati*il m*w*|ia|i«*r>, of pucIi U4lY4*rtii4fin4*ntj« for pn»|MiNiN 
ai* thfir tlutiiT* nniy n'>|Uinv Ihirf^iiinoniy ai« to tin* nunttM'ruf m>WN|iii|i*TM in whiih 
an .i«lvfrti*i«'nifnt i« !«• apiwar will Im< oliHi*rvi<«l by ••ttiii'r^ having t!^'n4T»l Hnllhtrity 
l<iu*l\i'rii*^\ ii'i trn'attT nuniU'r U'lnur iim*<l in an\ i-aM* than nuiy U- n4'«-«-rfMiry to i;i\c 
pni|MT anil -iitlii i4>nt publir ii<*tiff. 

A*i)i« l{«-i|Ui*«t^ f«<r Authority to ailv«*rtiM- will U* niaih' n|ii>n tin* |ini*i-nU«il blank 
fonu". I'Xifpt that in iiirH* nf (rn*at riiH'ruvnry. lh«* iiatnn* of whirh will In* •tati^d, 
aiitb<*nt\ fii a«i\4'rti*4' may U- n'«|ii4-?*t4'«l t y ti'livni|ili. 

4*i9. Ail\i'rti-«'tiii*iiti> in ni*w«|«i|i4T- ann«Min« ini; -;i!«t* of pri»|i«*rty »*r inviting pro- 
|M«tiAl* (••r fnnn-liint; laUir «ir oiippliiT*. will, n^ a nil*'. all«>w thirt\ itay* tii int«-r\«'.if 
ln'tWf* ii daTi* ••( tir»t |inblii-ati<in an<l «lal«* *»i -ali* 'ir iiiifririk' of \t\t\jt. If mtii-fitv 
n-<|inn'. .1 «b«>rt«'r imtukI nia\ U* allowitl. but iiii |«tii>1 ••} S-** tlian t4*n dayi* will i^* 
tkviirnMt*'*! •*X4vpt in i-a^* *»f «'nifn:**ni-y. Tht* <iilio'r wh'* n* ai-i-vtuntabh* for pn>|ieny 



84 ADVEBTisiNG — ^JOB PBiirrnro. 

which ifl to \xi actvertiseii for sale, or who is aathorized to invite propoeals for famiah- 
ing labor or euppliet*. is the one upon whom devolves the duty of determining 
whether an emergency exints warranting the designation of a period less tluui ten 
days for the publication of the advertisement. No ofB(*er will authorize the pub- 
lication of an advertisement l3ey<md the morning of the day on which the sale or 
opening of bids is t4> o<*cur, and no |)ayments will be made for cxintinuing such 
publication l)eyond the i>erio<l authorize^^. 

594. Onlinarily advertisements will l)e given six insertions in daily, or four in 
weekly, |>a{H'rH. When more than ten days are t^) intervene Iwtween the <late of the 
first publication and the date of opening, those in daily newspai>ers inviting pro- 
posals will at (mce be given four conHe<:utive insertions, and immediately l)efore the 
date of o])ening, two (ronsecutive insertions. In (;ase of emei)^»n<*y, ailvertisementi 
may Ih* given one or more insertions, as time ami circumstances {tennit. 

5H5. Vouchers covering bills for advertising in news{>apers must, prior to pay- 
ment, Ik.* submittt»«l to the Secrt^tary of War. They will Ihj prepared by the publisher, 
in duplicate, u|>on prescril>ed forms, and each will have atta<*he<l a (ropy of the 
advertisiMiieut cut from the newspajHT No voucher will <*ontain the acitmnt of 
mori' than one ncwHi»aiH^r, n<»r for mon* than one advertisement. The <late i»f first 
and sul>se(iuent insi'rtions; number <»f lini-is, s(}uares, or folios; numlx*r of insertions 
charged and (»nlere<i; and the amount charge<l will Im*! entere<l in the pro{ier c^olumna. 
The column lieadiMl "Amount allowe<r' will Ik^ left blank The receipt should be 
signe<l in <iupli<*ate by the publisher or proprietor, or other {K^rscm authorized to 
re<*eipt for m<»ney in the name of the ]>aiH*r. Indorsi^d on the voucher will appear 
a copy of the authority of the War I>(*i>artment for the publication, stating its nuni- 
lH»r. The aciMiunts thus prei>art»<l will Ik» forwardtnl by the ci»rtifying otlii^er direct 
to the chief clerk of the War DefHirtment, with an indorsi*ment <U*Hcribing the 
incloHun»s, pn*ffnibly on letter of authority, or, if the letter of authority is not in 
the blinds of the otticer, then by a letter of transmittal. 

5M6. Acctmnts pn>sente<l to otfufrs for a<lvertisenients which they did not onler, 
but whirh an» shown to have Ikhmi onlen^l by the Secn»tary of War to lx» published 
in the newH{)a}K>r pn*senting the accounts for ]»ayment, will Ih' pre|iare<l uix)n the 
oflicial forms and transmitttNl to the chief clerk of the War lK.*{tartnient in the same 
manner i\n other accounts for advertising. The following form (»f ivrtiticate will be 
uwhI ill sn<'li riiM*>*: 

I (vrtify tluK till- aiiiK>xi.tl advi*rti}*cim>nt wh.k4>iu fnun the iu>WH|iH|H*r dhiiunI in tlu* alxtwiioctMintt 
uihI thai it wa^ iiiMTU><l in that iu>vi'ii)»ii|H>r for tlu' ]MTi«Ml !itHtt'«l. 

( 'laims of publishers of ofK<*ial news|»a|H»rs for advertis(>ments copitMl fn»m other 
pajK'rs without authority from the Stn-ri'tary of War will n<»t 1m» jiaid. 

SiH7, III the event of an ofluvr's death or removal, the outstanding bills for 
advert i>eiiieiits (dTtaining to his otlice will U' pn'|iare<l, ivrtilie*!, an<l forwanleil by 
hisMi<"e»'SMtr, who is authorizeii to vary the form t4i eorn>s])ond toihefa<'ts. <>t]i<*erB 
ehan;/iip/ stations will K»hv«» \\\{\\ tlu'ir successors ct»mplete riM^onls relative to 
unst^ttknl accounts lor advertising. 

JOIt I'KlNTINii. 

fiHH, The printing rcquirwl at the Si^veral deimrtment headtiuarters will U' exe- 
cuted under c(»ntnurt, thirty days* n«»ti(v, when practit-uble, lH*ing given of the o|H'n- 
ing of proiMisds. Bids will U' invite<l and contracts made in acconlance with the 
form <if pro|M»s;il and cin-ular of instructions furnishe<l by the <^uarteniuister'B 
m'I»artment. The |H*riiMl of the contnict will not ext4*n<l U-yond tlu- end uf the 
tiM*:!! year in which made, and the (tuitract will U' submitte<l to the S^'cretary of 
War. 

5Mfl. Vou«li«T^ covering bills for printing for ile]iartment lu*a«l(]uarters will, prior 
/o /uij'nwnt, in' /vubfjiitted to the SecreUry of War, except for printing done in the 



FsniTDra — ^purchabic or buvtltkb. 85 

Philippine IhIaimIs or in forei|:n countrini nf«r thoret4), when* they will lie unhjei't to 
the approval nf the commandinfc iteneral f>f the division, or of the (leiiurtni(*nt in 
cam* there U* no «liviid(»n. They will lie nuuie out on prct«cTiU*<l foniiH, the printing 
to In* IN) <leHi*rilieil aM to enal)le coinputationn to U* readily n*viewi^l a<N*(ir(ling to the 
cnvtimiary nH*th«MlH in um* amonf? Uiok anil job printen*. A Naniple «»f the printing 
will a4ii*(>ni|iany eai'h hill, and on v<»uc*heni for work rlaiwNi aM '*H]N*ciar' in the rir- 
eular of ini(tni(*tionH, the numlier (»f c«>pieHand rate ]N*r hundnil will In* Htat4*«l, and 
r>n VfrtU'heiv for other joIm the <lat4* of printing, nnnilier i>f c«»pieH, nanie and anifunit 
of tyiM* (nnnilierof thounand enii«), nunitK*r t»f t4)keni< of pn*KH work, and nttii* |K*r 
thiMiMand (*fnH and {ler tok(*n will In* Htat4*il. Tlu* voiirher will hIiow gnuh' and ((iian- 
tity i>f |Mi|N*r funiinhevl by the printer and priiv <*liargi*<l. Thi* vtifichcn* thuM pn»- 
(lanil, with th<* i-ertitit^te of the otiicvr onU*ring the work, an to iti« nceiwHtty and 
pn»priety, ^^^\\ In* forwanlnl direct to the chief rierk of the War m*|iartnient, with 
a letter iif tranHiiiittal dowribing the inrl«wun*i*, ex(*ept for printing done in the ThiU 
ippint* Inlamlf* «>r in foreign count ritw near thereto, in which i^am* the v<»ucherH will 
be tnini<niitt4'<l to the divinion coniniander. 

A90* IVintc«l Ictti'rand note h<«dingH for defMirtnient hcail<|iiarten« will mmtain 
only the d(*i«igfiation of the lu'^ilquarterH, the of)i«v to which tlu* n>mv|Mindenn* |N*r- 
taiiu*, |HK«t-<il!i«t* adtln-HH, and blank date. TIum* for jNiHtj*, regtnientt*, and whooln of 
inj*tniction will itmtain «»nly the denignation of the |ioKt« n*gi'"*'"< <>r m'IkmiI, |MN«t* 
olTifvaildn'M'. and blank <late. NanieH of oifi(vn« or f»ther |N*rHon.-< will not U* printetl 
on letter or note ln-adingH tttf um* in any branch of the niilitary M*r\'i<-e. 

A9I. Nc«-«fwary printing in H|Nvial ttuavt* not covcnil by C4»ntracti« for printing for 
ile|Nirtnifnt h(*a<l<iuarten* will, ai* far an pmi-ticable. U* done by i^ontract aft«'r <tiiii|N*- 
tition. awanln U'ing niaile to the lowi^ft n*fi]M)nHible biildfn*. TIk-m* ti>ntni«*tK ami 
all vtiucher>i covering the Hi*r\'i<'e will akm In* Hubiiiitt4*<| u* the Secn'tary of War. 

A9)l. otlifvm will, ai* a rule, obtain all blank foriiiH. blank lM*i»kf*, etc., by nNpiiiii- 
tion n|M)n th«* Ik^Ik of the profNT ntaff de|«irtiiientH. 

ABTIOLE LVI. 

PriMllAnK op Sri'l'I.IIB* \Sl* K.Mi^oKVKNT i*K SkKVICBI. 

i.KNKK^l. l*H0V|H|0Nv 

A93. N<i ointrmi or piin*haM*oii liebalf i>f lh«* rnite<l StMt4f« fliall U* niaile iinU«i 
the Ninie i?< uiithtirijutl by law. i»r i«« uoilerHii Hppropriutii»ii adt^piate to iti« fulfil 1- 
nient, exc<*pt f«irc|iitbinir. Milwifttemv, f<iragc. fuel. i|uartei>. «irtniuH|iortalion. Hbii-li, 
ho«teVfr. ixball ll<it excea^l the ne«*«i»iitieH of the rurreiit yi-ar. I K. S.,:<7^i*J. • No 
otlii-«*r rif the riiiti*i| State** r*hall aitvpt V4iluntar\ MTvio* for the <fo\eninieiit or 
eiiipl'iy iN'pNituil mTxio* in exi'«<»«« of that HUtlMiriz«-«l liy laiA, exi^'pl in ihm* nf «*iner- 
geiM-y iii\«il\iMir !<««• **i life i^r d««ilnictioii «if pro|MTty. ' Act Hppni\t*d Mn> 1. 1hh4. ) 

ilfll. The laUif 'tf trtMi|»t (ir Unvemnient emplftyev-. <>r lotveniineiit nn-anp of 
tnin**|pir1ati«tii. nil! not In* iimhI to enabb* onitraiioni to fulfill i-ontra^'tf. exti'pt in 
raM*"<if iiiauifiM ne**!?**!!). ami then only on tbe«trilten authority ••( the pri>|N*r 
oiMiuiamler Full d«^lui-(itin will In* niailf f<ir < tuvernnieiit •i4T\ !«-••?• mIh-u fi'ii«li'r«^l. 

494. \riii lf-« «if f«ireitfn pnalnction or maniifui-ture fur the mtvh-** ••! (lit- riiiti^l 
Siuti** Hill iH'i In- pun'haM<d abnAil for iin|Hirtatioii lAithiiut ••|N'«-inl Hiilln<nt\ fri*iu 
tin* Si-n-tary nf War, 

i|9#. Supplifo. and MTviciit nitt |i«'n«inal, n^ipiin^l in the variiniM •l*']«iriineiit#* uml 
|Mirtii «if lb«- Ariii) will In* pnN'untl «ilii*n* they i-uii !•«• puri-b.iiw><l tin- i-beH|«i*t. 
«|iialii> and i-ip"! of traii(*|Mirtati«in anii the inleni«if* *4 the <M*\«*niiii«-nt m the imf^* of 
Pllpplief* U-llig iiifipildentl. 

1. After publie UMtio* in\iting pro|NN«lf« fur thirty thiy" "T ui**r^\ i*r f«ir tfU da\« or 
ni<tn* tiut IcM* tliaii thirty tlaya, i»r foi liw than t«'ii dayp, acciinbng to the iu<«iU of 
the wr\ice. 

tL Witboot public nocioa. 



84 ADVERnSINQ — JOB PBomNa. 

which is to Ix; actvertised for sale, or who is aathorized to invite propoeals for famish^ 
ing labor or supplies, is tho one upon whom devolves the duty of determining 
whether an emergency exists warranting the designation of a period less than ten 
days for the publication of the advertisement. No offiirer w^ill authorize the pub- 
lication of an advertisement beyond the morning of the day tm which the sale or 
opening of bids is to occur, and no payments will be made for (x>ntinuing such 
publication l)eyond the perio<l authorizei^. 

594. Onlinarily advertisements will l)e given six insertions in daily, or four in 
weekly, paix^rs. When mort^ than ten days are to intervene l)etw(*en the date of the 
firwt ]niblication and the date of opening, those in daily newspajiers inviting pro- 
posals will at once be given four (ronsetnitive insertions, and immediately before the 
dat(* of oi>ening, two consecutive insertions. In case of emergency, advertisements 
may \n* given one or more insertions, as time and circumstances i>ennit. 

ft^#>. Vouchers covering bills for advertising in new8i>apers must, prior to pay- 
ment. \)v sul»mitte<l to the Secretary of War. Tliey will Ix; prepared by tho publisher, 
in dnplicute, u{)on pres<TilxHl fonns, and each will have attache<l a copy of the 
adviTtisement cut from the news|>a|)er. No voucher will contain the accvmnt of 
more than one newH])ai>er, nor for mon* than one advertisement. The date of Aret 
and Hul)se<iuent iuK'rtions; numl>er of lines, sciuanv, or folios; numlK*r of insertions 
charge<l and onlere<i; and the amount chargeii will U; entere<l in the pro])er columns. 
The colunm heade<l '^Amount alIowe<r' will l)e left blank. The re<*eipt should be 
sigmsl in duplicate by the publisher or pro]»rietor, or other p(*reon authorized to 
re(*ei]>t for money in the name of the |>aiH*r. Indorsed on the voucher will appear 
a copy of the authority of the War I)<>i)artment for the pulilicatiun, stating its num- 
Iht. The an'ount^ thus pre|)are<i will Ir-s forwardisl by the wrtifying oifii-er direcrt 
to tlie chief clerk of the War I)ei>artment, with an indorsi'ment des(*ribing the 
inclosure.*<, preferably on letter of authority, or, if the letter of authority is not in 
the bunds of the otHivr, tlien by a letter of transmittal. 

5M6. Aci*ounts pn»sente<l to olfiivrs for atlvertiseiiients which they did not order, 
but which are shown to have lieen onlen'<l by the Secretary of War to lx» published 
in the newsiuiiHT pn'senting the a<x'ounts for i»ayment, will 1m* pre])an><l u{K>n the 
official forms and transmitteil to the <'hief clerk of the War Department in the same 
manner as other accounts for advertising. The following form of t^>rtificate will be 
useil in such <*ases: 

I certify tliut tlu* aiiiiexiHl HilvcrliiHMnt'm WHMriit fn>m tlif ncWH{M|K'r tminiMl in the abftvoMMf Mint, 
ami that it \iii<* iii<i«>rl(>(l in ihnt ii(.'WH|ia|H'r for th<* piTiud stiitctl. 

Cluinis of publishers of official news])a)H*rs for advertisements co])ie< I from other 
pa|KTs without anth(»rity from the Stvn^tary of War will not Im« pai«l. 

5^7. In the event i»f an offhvr's death or n'nioval, the ontstan<ling bills for 
advert i>enients jHTtaining to his oflitx' will U* j>n*i»anHl, certifitHl. and forwanle<l by 
his HhMM'T^ir, wln» is authorizcil to vary the form t<» com»>[H)nd to the facts. Ofliccra 
chaiiLMML' stations will Icjive with their success*>rs complete re<*onls n»lative to 
unsettled accuunU? fur advertising. 

Joil ntlNTINii. 

5^W. The ]>rinting requirwl at the wvenil di'iwrtment hea<l<]narters will Ih» exe- 
cuted Minler cnntnu't, thirty days' n<»tiiT, when practiiiible. Inking given of the o[ion- 
iiiL' of |>r<i|Mi>;ils. Bids will In* invittMl ami contracts made in aivonhnuv witli the 
fiinii i>l' |>P>iMisil and cin'uiar of instnictions fnrnishe<l by tht> t^tiartennaster'B 
l>eii;irtiiieiit. The |MTi(Ml of the contnict will not extend U*yond the end of the 
fiscal year in which made, ami the contract will Ik' subniittiil to the Si*<'ri>tary of 
War. * 

5^9. Viiihliers oivering bills for printing for dejiartment headtjimrterH will, prior 
fo jiarnwnt, //e f<ubnjitted to the Sei'retary of War, except for printing done in the 



FKlHTUf O— PUBCH ASK OF flUPPLnCfl. 85 

Philippine InUiulii or in foreign countrien n«*ar thereto, m'hen* they will lie inibj(*ct to 
the Approval <>f tho comnuinding ict*nenil of the di virion, or of the <ie|Nirtiiit*ut in 
GSM* there U* no fiivimon. They will lie nuule out on prewmlN'^i foniiK, the printing 
to 1m* i«i ilew'rilieil am to enAl>le computationH to \h* reaiiily n*viewe«l Atn^onling U* tlie 
rtiHtoniAr>' niethtMin in une Ainong Uiok aikI j<»li printem. A HAinple of tlie printing 
will Ai'«'oni|iAny vmclx bill, And on v<HU*here for work <'lAi«*e«l am **H|Mviar* In the rir- 
ruUr of inntnirtionH, the nunilter of (?«ipieii And rate fwr hundrtil m-ill U* HtAtt**!, aiiiI 
un voiM'hent for <»ther joIm the i\mU.* of printing, iiunilier of <*opi«*f«, luuiie Atid amount 
of tyiw* (nuniU*r of thouMand cuim), nuniU»r of t(»keiiH of pni«« work, ami ratit* fwr 
thoiiManil eniH and fier token will U' Htatitl. Tlu* vimeher will hIhiw gnule and <iiuin- 
tity of \M\ti'T funiifiluti hy the printer aixl pri«v rliArgtNl. Th«* vonrhcm thuH pre- 
|«reil, with th«* ivrtiricTAte of the olliivr onlering the work, ac to itn ni*<-eM«ity an<l 
pmpriety. will U* fftrm'anli^i din*et to the chief elerk of the War IV|iartnient, with 
A letti*r f»f tranf*niittal fU*M'rihing the ineKMunw, exi*ept Utr printing done in the Phil- 
ippine InlatidH or in foreign <*ountrii'M near thereto, in whirh i-ahi* the vouehem m'ill 
be traiiyniitt«il to the <iivif*ion oomniander. 

A90. Printe«1 h'tterand note headingH f<ir depArtnient hf*a<l<|iuirten* will omtain 
only till* d(*»*igiuitif»n of the heachjuarteni, the 4itfi«v to whirh thi* (tirnfiMimlemt* fier- 
taiuft, iM»tt-4»tli<-«* aildniv, an«i blank tlAte. ThoM* for iMiHti*, reginientf*. ami w*hiMilri of 
inftnii-tion will <*«)ntain only the <leHignation of the |MiHt. n*ginient or M*ho(»l, |M»*t- 
offiii' Ufldn'M*, and blank date. Nanifn of olfiivn* or other |i<*n«inH will nnt Ik* printe«l 
on li'tter or noti* lifAilingH fof um* in any branch <»f the military- Hcr\'i«v. 

A91. Neifwary printing in fi|NH*ial (VMi* m»t mverttl by mntnu'tH fi»r printing ff»r 
de|iartnii*nt li<*a<lf|uarten« will, ai« far ai« pnu-ticable. U* <lonc by cvintnu-t aft<*r «*<ini|i«*- 
titii>n, awanlx lM*ing nuule to the lowc*i*t n*H|M)nr«ibte biddfiv. Thtiti* <-«»iitnu*tit ami 
all vmu'hen* i^»vering th«* i«t'r\'it*e will alno U* Mibniitt^fl to th«* Sii^'n'tary of War. 

^94. OHiivnt will, an a rule, obtain all blank fi»niiH, blank UMiki*, etc., by retpiiai- 
tion n|Min the hcadH of the pn)iN*r ntaff d«*|Mirtnienti«. 

A&TZOIJB LTI. 

I^'Ki-ltAnK OK St'l'l'Uia* A.V1» KN(iAi;KVKVT t*V SKKVim. 

i.KNKK\l. l'KoVlHlo\«. 

•I#3. No fimtnu't or piin'haM'on U*half of tlu- Cnititl Stat<*r< ^hall W niaib* iinUwi 
thf* f«nii- i<* ntithoriju"*! by law, or i<« undi*r an iip|ir«i|»riutioii iid«<«|iuiti* to iff fultill- 
nii'iit. t*\«vpt forrlotbing. HilviiHtcnct', fonitfi'. furl. i|tiiirt«TH. orlninM|Mirtati«in. whirh, 
howfVfr. filmll not f<xf«^><l the neit^titv of the rtim*iit year. \\i. S..:i7:r.'. < No 
oHit'ertif tbi* Cnitiil Statet* nhall ai*«i*pt voluntary MTxiii* f«ir the <roveniiiient or 
efnpUiv |N*p«iiial Her%io* in exiti«t of that uutb«irix«'«l by law. exu'pt in i-hi«- of emer- 
gi*ni*> tri\ol\iiitr )•*«« of life or «l«*tnirtion of pn»|N*rty. Art appmveil May 1. l.v%4. ) 

•19-1. The laUir <»( tr«io|»i or Uoveninient emplt •>!•«*«. i^r 4ii«veninien1 iiie:inH of 
traM*>|iiirtatit(h. will not U* line*! tii enable con trai -ton* to fulfill omtnu-t^. fXii'pt in 
CAM-* of iiiaiiif«'?it nei-«i«*ity, and then only tiii tlu* written authority of tin* |irii|«*r 
roniniaii«ler. Full dt<ilut-tioii will In* iiiaile Uir ttuveninieiit *4*r\itef wImmi riMiili-r«'«i. 

^95. Artii !«•« of f«iri>iim pHMluction or uiaiitifai'tun* for the MTviei* <.t thi* I tiiteil 
Suit- will Hot U- pun-haMil abroail for ini|H>rtation withi'Ut (i|ie«-iHl iiutliiirit\ from 
the S-i-relMfv ^if War. 

* 

A9#» Suppliei*. AUit nTvitti* Uot |i«T«>nal, r«'«|uin^l in the various di-imrttnfiitit and 
|M«*tii itf the Anii\ will \n» pr^M'ureil mher«* they i?in U* punhaM^I tlii> i-lieH|i«*i«t. 
ipialit\ aii*l root of tranii|M>rtation anil the inteniitfi nf tin* linxernnieiit in thf ttu^- of 
Piippliifi U'iMg iiiUftidereal. 

1. .\fter publir notii^* inviting pn»|iiMiU for thirty ilay> "r niort*. **r U*r U-u *\»\» or 
nion- but U^m tliaii thirty ilayv, or foi Inv than t«*n dayt^, ALvrnting to the nt^^tli- of 
the Marvin*. 

2* Without publtc noUcae. 



86 ADVERTISING — PROPOSAL8. 

PerHonal HcrviiHW arc Hurh as the iii<livirliia1 employed or contracted with muHt 
perf<»nii in iK^ixon <lireetly luider the i*ontn>l aiifl Hupen'imon of an <it{ieer <»r agent 
of the Croveninient, as distinj^iished from tHTvices the perfonnamv of which may be 
delegate*! liy the eontra<*tor to others. BiUh rendered for Huch Hervicet* must contain 
no char>^* for material. 

597. An oiK(*er char^^l with the <luty of making; a contract or ]mrcha8e w rci«pon- 
pible under the lawn and re^mlations for Iuh a(*ti(m. PemiisHion or onlers to make a 
contrairt f)r ]mrchaHe without inviting comi)etition will not justify the pnxHMhire, and 
will n<»t 1h» given. 

ADVERTIHINf} FOR PROPOHAI>». 

MH, In caHc*Hof large purc.liat<e8 a |)eri(Ml of thirty f>r more dayH nhould inter\'cne 
between <lute of firnt publication and of o])ening ]>n>i>08alH. In nmall purchaM.'H, fn>m 
ten to thirty dayn nhould intervene, and when the public exigt*ncy ((*ontitituting an 
emergi»n<*y ) d<H»H not |)ennit ten days to intervene, the iH*riod nliould b<^ for an many 
days HH the cin'umBtanctv will iMirmit. The exintence of Huch emergency in to be 
determined by the ottiivr ui)on whom the duty of making the ]»un»haiH» devolve*. 
Advirtininj: for pn>{M)HalH l)y newH|>apen?, in a^'conlance with Article LV, will l)e 
atloptetl when time jH^nnits, ami the (piantity or value of the pureha****, or character 
of the .•H?rvi<'eH, in the opinion of the purchaning ofti(vr, will justify the ex|)enne. 
When notice of le^«H than thirty days is given, a<lvertising by cinuilar'* (sent t^> prin- 
cijial dealers in the Nn-alitii^H where the supplit»s or services are ilesirtnl, ami iMisttnl 
in public places') is j)t»rmissible. A punrlm^ing oflicer may advertise* by iiewH|ia|)erH 
and circulars at the Rame time. 

599. When advertisements or s{Kritications thenMUiderdo not ann<»unce lixed 
gtandunls for articles re<iuinMl, they should Ih'S«» wonieil as to |K>rmit bids to 1k' <*on- 
sidered item by item, ami awards to \h* made for the most suitable articles of each 
kiml offensl. 

600. Whenever it is intemltMl to n^piire that guaranties shall ac<'om|iany pn»- 
]M)sals, that fact, the amounts in which the guarantors an* to justify, and the ]K*rioilii 
to Ik* allowdl after the awanl for the execution of nmtract i)ai)ers and IxmdH will be 
stated in the a<lvertis4'ment or s|>i*citication. 

601. Advertisements inviting proiK)sals will onlinarily U* issutMl by the otticer 
who is to make the contract or ])un*ha^4e; in s)HHMal cas<>s, if coni|ietent authf>rity ho 
dinvt, thev mav 1h» issue<l bv anv other offiivr. 

60:l. A ropy nf each advertistMuent and s)H'citication will Ih* prom])tly fon%'anled 
by the otliivr issuing it din»ct to the projXT burt^ui of the War lK'{Kirtmcnt. together 
with all information rtMiuinil for a complete understanding of tht* ntn-cs^ity for the 
pni)N>s<Nl coiitnict or pun'hase, and in cast^ of notice by circular tlu>n' will 1h> indoniiKl 
on it the names of |K>rM)ns to whom sent, and if issui*<I for a ]MTi«Ml tif U>ss than ton 
<lays, tlie reiison why a longer |H*rio<l was liot allowetl will U* state<l. The forward- 
ing of these notices at time of issuing may Ik' di'jM'i)s<Ml with at the distinction of the 
chief of Imn^au t«) which the pn»iMisi*<l I'ontnurt or pun-luuH' [NTtains. 

]'I{0]>OS.\I>«. 

603. Information in n*ganl to supplies «)r s<>rvici«s for wlii<*h pn»iN»s;ds have lieen 
inviteil will In' fni-nis}u><1 on application to all intsohs ilfsiring it, but no ]N*rHiin 
lielonging to, or employ(*«l in the military serviiv will n*nder assistanc<* in the prep- 
aration of proiHit<als. 

60I. Hitlders for sup)>lii*s will 1h' infonncil of the kind, quantity, aiitl i|iudity of 
articli*s nijuinMl, the pla<v, tnne. ami rate of delivfry, and conditions of {mymenU 
They will In' lurnisluHl with such siNS'itications ay have Inrn adopte<I, and will be 
]icnuitted to examine the standard samples at the placets where deiMMite*!. 



PBOP08AL8. 87 

#0A* Bi(l«U*ro for lalitir will be infonneti of tho luitun* ami <fxtent of the M»r\*ioi*H 
rF«|iiinH], whon» thoy an* to lie p4'rfoniie<l. ati«i the time allowt'*! for ii«*rf<iniiana*. 
Th«*y will \n» fuminh^Ml with or allowiNl to i*xaiiiiiK* plana and Hinfitit-ationH of all 
wi»rkit u|M»n whirh tht*y deHin.* to hid, ami in ^*m*nil will t)e funiiiihtHl with any 
infnniiation ntH'^iiNl to fiiahlt* thcMn to ac't nnd(*rt(tan<iinKly. 

A06. No |H*ryon will U* infonm'vl, <linvtly or indinvtly, <»f th«* naniv <if anyone 
intondinir to hid, or not t4i hid, or to whom information in rt«i«iNvt t4» |in»|MiKalH liaa 
Uvn ^v«*n. 

#07. rn)|X)HalH hhoutd In* im*|ian*d in tluplirate, or in triplicati* if n*<|uinMl, in 
Htrif't ai*«*«»nlan<*«* with tlu* rtH|uirtMiii*nti< of tho a<lvi*rtiM*nu>nt «>r HiHM'iricutionH; they 
aliii'dd niakrH|Hvitir n'fon^ntv tf> th«*adverti»*i*ment and to any planM orH|H-4'illcationii 
which may have U<«*n ftirniHluHl. l*jM*h prr>|KMal nhould irivi* the plact' of nvidence 
and |Hi»>l-<»iric<» oildn^Hfi nf the hi<lder, with <*ounty. State, or Territory*, and nhould 
hi* >«i(rn«'<l hy the hiildrr with hin UHiial ni^nature in fnll. 

#OM. A pn)]MiKil hy a |N*n«m who afTixe>i to hiii iii^natun.* the wonl **pn*i«ident," 
**i«it*n>tary," **a;n-nt," iir«ithiT ihvifmation, withont diM-lonin}; hin princiiAl, ii* the 
pr«i|M»4il I if the individual. I*ni|MiHal« hy a (*or|M»ration Hhould Ik* Hi^n4*<l with the 
nanifof th<' eor|M*nitiMn. fullowcvl hy the niKnaturt* of tlie pret^iilent, tH'en*tary, or 
4>th«'r ]M'r)ii>n anthorizdl to hind it in the matter, m'ho nhoulil til<* evid«*niv of hia 
autlii'rity to ilii H». l*ni|M«qUH hy a finn nluHitd U* Hi)rn(*<i with tlic tinn nam«* hy one 
f>f th«* m<*mU*rH of th«* tinu. If the ni^niatnro to a pn»|MiHal in that of an f»t!i<'er, 
attorney, or a^n'nt of tlu* (>or|Miration, or of an attorney or a^^'nt of a tlmi <ir indi- 
vithial, ami hif« authority to ai-t on Udialf of hin prinriiwl i** ntit a matter of ^'neral 
notoriety in the ItN-ality wlien* the pn»|MiHali« an* <iiien«Hl, the otlitvr who oin^nr* Hiieh 
pro|ri«<:il*4 hIiouM, iN-fon* «'onr*iderin}; the name, hatinfy himnelf that theniinier it* veKle«l 
with MitFirient authtirity to rt*pni*ent hin pnnei|ial in the tninMUiion. 

600. In ]ipi|H«(alH iMunU*n* and pri(*ei* will In* written in wonli« tm well aa 
expn-?**'*! ill tiirnn-?*: hut when a ^rn-at variety of artieh-?*, mieh ai« ntationery, hanl- 
WHH', eti-., in n-tiuin**!. (|tiantitief« and prie«*!< may. if the amounti* involveil an> im^ou- 
Niderahte and the fi»niif« of pmiMiMilH ho indicate, 1h* expn^«Hi'«i in lii!un*»« only. It 
will In* Hillicii-nt it H|Ki'iticationH an* n^fc^rnil to and an* d(*(*lan'x| ti» fonn {lart of 
the pro|MM:il. 

#lO. KnL-un-T* or interlimiitionii Hhonlil U* explaimil hy the hidiler. in the pn>- 
|it»«l. o\«T hi- Hiifiiutun*. 

#11. 4ftianiiitif<4. fitriie*! hy twt* ni«|M»nHhte iwrtiei^, or hy a (|ualitie<l Hnn>ty com- 
t«iiiy. will U* nN|tiin^t ti»iiccom|iany pni|M»«al«« whenever, in the opinion of thi* oHuvr 
aiithtiri/eil to tiiiike the ctintrHi't. they an* n«t*e<t4ary to pnifeet the piihlic iiitenf«t4S 
and whfii ^> n-<|uinil. no pni|Hi^t iiiiai*i'i»m|iiinieil hy a iruaranty. iii:i«le in maitner 
and f«»riii :%.•* <lin'«-t4Nl in the iiilver1i*i«>ment or •*|«*eiticationr*, uill U* (*on»iden«d. 

#14. The ^'uaraiity will In* in tlnplicate. or in tripli<iite if n^iiiiin-tl, an*! «ilt lie 
nui«li' out uiid exe«*utet| with till* nt*ci-MNar>' j(i.**titii'ation, in a«*ct>nlaii«'e with hlank 
form* furniM}ie<t hy rliiff* <i| hun*aiifi. The (vrtilicate of mitlirieiicy i>f iruanintor^ will 
U* fxti-uti**! ill the manner pniteriUil in |«ratrraph *V4*2. 

Hid. l*ni|Mi<«lf*. with their tfuarantiei*. will )N*«*«'«Min*ly N*al«*<l in miitaMeenvelo|ii*i*, 
ind«>rMNl :iiif| :ii|ilre9*Mi| iv* n^apiin**! hy the ail vert iM*ment. and unii't U* in the |MMi«i|fe. 
fiit'ti of thf'itlitvr a<Mn*M^*«l U*fon* thehourap|Miinte«t fttr theo|n*nin;; No nv|M»iiifio 
hility will utnu h to an otlitfr f<ir the pn*matun* o|ii*ninir <>f any prii|Hrgil not mi 
ind<ir4<«l M?* to I icurlv ^how xtm chaRi«'t«*r. 

111 I. WhiMi un uil\erti<«*iiient fnlU fi»r pnt|MF«l»« to fiiniitih lalwir or Hipplie^ at 
in>>n- than ••ti«* plai^\ a M-|«iniii* pn>|ri»^l will U* iiiadt* for iterfoniuuMV at «««*h place, 
but all may U* !>uhmitti<il in the Maine envel<>|N*. 



88 PAOPOSAtS — AWARDS. 

615. Proposals received prior to the time of opening ^nll be securely kept. The 
officer whose <luty it is to open them yriW decide when that time has arrived, and no 
proposal will thereafter be received. 

616. Before the time for opening any bidder may, without prejudice, withdraw 
from (*i)mi)etition by giving written notice of his decision to the officer holding his 
bid, and when his bid is reached at the opening it will be returned to him or his 
authorized agent unread. 

617. PropoHals will be opened and read aloud at the time and place appointe<i for 
the opening (bidders having the right to be present), and each proposal will then 
and there \>e numbered and entered on an alistract, the articles lieing entere<l in the 
order in which they are to appear on the returns. Articles to lie ]>rocunHl by con- 
tract will be al)Htracted separately from those to be procure<l on written acceptance. 
If the nunil)er of pro{)08als is lai^, those relating to specific articles or (classes of 
articles may be entere<l on Hc>i)arate abstnu*ts. The numlier of each pn>]N>sal, with the 
quantities and prices of articlc;s offere<l and dates of delivery, will apiM*ar in the proper 
columns, and a copy of the advertisement or noti(*e under which the pnjposals are 
received, with a copy of the H|XH*ificationH, if any, will \)0 attache<l to the upiier left- 
hand comer of the abstract. When two or more sheets an» use<i for the abstract, they 
will )x* pn)i>erly fasteneii together and paged on the uppi»r right-hand comer. 

61 N. Proi)oi«alH will be separately foldeil and numl)ered as vouchers to the abstract. 
They will not Ik.* fastened together nor to contracts, excei)t to the (*opy retjuired to be 
sent to the Returns Office. 

619. When proposals are receiveil at a i)ost, unless by an officer authorijEed to 
make the awanl, as in cases involving small ex]K*nditures, they and the abstnu^t will 
lie forwardeil to deimrtment headquarteni, with the recommendations of the receiv- 
ing officer and the i)ost commander as to the person t(» whom the awanl should be 
made. When a purchasing officer, a(*ting under the <lirect supervision of a chief of 
bureau, ha*< inviteil and riH.*eive<l ])ro|)osals, he will make the awanl and execute the 
necessary ))ai>ers, unlets otherwise directed by the chief of bureau. 

AWARDS. 

6ilO. When pn>iK>salH for supplies for the g«»neral serviw of a <lepartnient are 
nveivtMl at its heudtiuarters, the cliief officer of that branch of the staff to which 
they inrtain will submit them to the department commander, and, under his sufier- 
vision, will make the award and execute the nect»ssary pajHTs, unle^^*, under existing 
onlers, the ai'tinn of higher auth(»rity is ntH\»ssary. 

6iil. Kxivj>t in ran* cjisi»s, when the Tnitt**! Stattv elects to exen*ise the right to 
n'j(*<'t pn>]N)Siils, awunls will l)e matle to the lowest n>s{N>nsible Nma fide bidder 
whose pn)]>osul for fnmi^^liing a pn)]M*r article is not unnuisonable. 

6!l2l. Sli^'ht fuihin*s on the i>art of a bidder to comply strictly with the temisof 
an udvcrti>ciiiciit slmiild not nt*C4>ssarily lead to the n'jcctioii of hin bid, but the 
inten'sts of {\w <iov(>rnm(*nt will In* fully considcnil in making the iiwanl. 

6!i:|. Articles of diinic^tic pnNhu'tion or niunufactun' will U> pn'fcrn**! to those* of 
fon'ivrn origin, cost anil ipiality iK'ing e<|iml. 

6d4. Wli' 'I no gnaninty in re<piire<l, bidden* nmst. if «-aIlc«l niMui l»y the awanl- 
ing otliccr. furnish Hittisfactory evidence lK*fore the awanl is nitule of their ability to 
••arry their pntpoi^ils into effe<'t. 

6!iA. The ac<v]>ted tpiantity and prici* will Ih' nott^l on the al>stRi<'t of pniiMtsals 
in the cnlniiiii of ** Remarks/* op]N»site the name of the bi(I<ier. If a bid is n*jt*<*te<i 
and one at a higher priiv aci'epte*!, the reason for the n*ji*i*tion will U' written in 
the<'olnnin of remarks. When contracts are made, that fact will Ik* btated in the 
abstract. 



AB8TBACT8 — METHODS OF PUBCHASK. 89 

ABKIHACTH OF l*R(»Pi)HALi«. 

(• A ropy of eAch Alwtrmi*t, in thoi*e chm-h whfn* ctrntnuii* an* to Im* enteivil 
iiiti), iniMle an (lirfcti**! in |«nMrniphH (U7, till), and 625, at*(Nini|»ani(Hl by a du|>Uc«U* 
of fat*h |in»|M)«(al nnvivtHl. will, ai* Hoon tu* vtnwUWrvtl, U* forwanU'<l to the pn>iHT 
bun*aii of tlu* War IV|iartnH*nt. When the pun*haMMif Hiippliiw or en^aKenient of 
N*r\'ii-eH if niu<le thriHi^h written pn>|MK<al and written ae(\*ptancv only, the aliHtrmct 
an*i pntfMMilH niH-ti not Ik* forwanliHi unKi«< HiNfially dinM't^tl. 

Mimioi«4 OK it'Ri-nAxE. 

#47. A purt'haM* nf HUppliet* ur en^eaf?(*nient of nervieeti will N* niaile: 

I. liy rtintnu't, " rtNtm-til to Mritinf; and >iim(*d l»y the «*on tract in^ fiartiefl with 
thi'ir iiani«f* at tlu* end there* tf.*' AjrrtvnifntH of thin eharaettT only an.* teruieti 
'Ntintnii'tM** in tlu^Ke nvulatioiii*. 

*2. By written pn»|MiMiI and writt«*n a<xvptan<v. 

.'{. liy iiral at;n*<*nient. 

Whwi il«*liv«*ry or |N*rfonnan<v d<Mii not inniM'4liut4'ly follow an awanl or l«n{ain, 
tlu* tirnt nifthiHl will U* nM««l. Whm delivery or iK>rfonnan<v ininie«liati*lv follon'B 
an iiwunl <ir Uinrain. tlu* Nttind nietlnMl may U* n-riortc«l to. 

II4M. i'ontnu'tf \%ill U* niHili* on forniH fnniiHhf«l hy thi' <*hief>« of iHireaiif, in<tuie«i 
whi'ri' Mii'h fnrniH an* iipplicahh*, and iIkim* fonnn ^'\\\ In* nitNlitic*! only to nuch 
ext«'ht iu< ii* iH-i>*>54iry. All conditions \%ill In' Matt*il tlirn-in a^« fully anii eh-arly an 

tf9l9. <'iintRii*tH uill U' nia<li* in tlu* nanu> of, an<l will U* Hipnttl hy. tlu* otlieer 
fli-Mk'nutt-il liy th«* rlii«*f nf luireau to uhicli tlu* contnu-tr* |N>rtain. Tlu'y will not tie 
madi' at |ii»-t^ unl«>H «inl«*nNl |»y HU|it*rior authority, antl tlu*y uill not In* no on lent I 
unl<-^ flu* ^••n'}* <>r MTviii*?* n*«|uire«l, of pro|NT 4|ualit\ <»r kind, can In* pnM*urt*d aa 
clu'Hply t!u*n* a.*« ♦•l'*i*wlu*r»*. 

#:iO. When a ci»ninK't in rnt4'n><l into with a itartncrHliip, thfindivi<liuil luinuiiof 
till* i^irtufp* i*haiiltl U* triven in tlu* iMMly nf tlu* inMnnnent. with the rt^-itation that 
they an* imrtncr* tiiiii|Mifin^ a tinn, which rthoul*! U* naiui'd. and it may In* hi^ne<l 
in tlicnanu*<'f tlu* |iann«*D<hip }>>••»(* nf tlu* |i;irtncrH, uhowill ap|N*nd hiii own 
fi^natun- a« 'iiu' ••( thf lirm. 

#31. 4'fihtnii-t'< liiadf in the riiilippim* Khind** or in ft m-ik^i count ri«*s near thereto 
for furtii-liiuL' Mipi'lii-" :iti<l n-ndfriiu; ?>«*r\ii-«*?< othi-r than |NT*4inal in <iinnf«*titin 
aitli till- ••|4'niti>iii** i>f till* Army in thnm* i-laiid;* or in «*(U'h countrii*^ uill In* maih* 
ti\ and III ill*' naiii*« >»i tin* «*|liii<n. nf the pni|i«*r »*tif>ply di>|i:irtnu*ntf« for and on 
U-halt of till- I'niti-*! >tati-<*. and uill Im> ■•ulijci-t t^ the appmval of the cnmmandin|{ 
lP'hi-r.il «•( till* iliv i-ixii. i*r nf tin- ilf|mrlni«'iit in i-.i-«* then- U- nn tli\iHinn. uhen* 
madi . t«> uliitiii tlii-\ uill U* f'<ruanli-«l. .n-i ••tufiittiuil hy the alintrai't n'viuin**! 
h\ ''IT. ami ulm. iN-fi.rf .i|*prii\al. will hulij«*i-t them t*i can'lul •>« nitiny antl exeniM* 
th*- iiiti'r\ftiiii-j antli<int> i niiffrre<l \*\ |i;ir.it;rap}i vij. iUi»'*>i tlii*appni\etl numln*rf* 

uill !h* u'i^t'ii !•• th niractfr. iihf u ill U iil«d )•) thf (-i.iitractimr ntlii^-r. ami one 

ui.l )«■ •M-iit )i\ the (-••iitrat-fitii; titliiff diri-« f . '-r thriiiiirli the i-|iu-f "f li(in':iu. tn the 

Kt turn- 1 Mil t till- I kepartiiM lit ••! tin- lntiri>>r .ilti-r lia\ iiii; U^'ii pre|«ir«^l in -trict 

c>>:t:<>rii.it\ uith -•■cfitiii« :;744 antl :tri<i. K '^ . an*! |«ar;i;:rapli tk^i. Tlu* ninnlN*r 
iiitti'jtd i"T till 'liifftif hun-aii at \ViiphiiiL't"ii ;kct ••iii|i.iiiii<*l l>\ tlu'alMtnwt ami 
hi-l- .1- rt<|uirt-^l )i\ )-.iraL'r.iph f'^'Jt't an*! that ^^r (Ih \ii<lifiir fi>r tin- War l>i|Mrtnu*nt 
i;ii t ■ij(|i;iiiii •! )•% all till- |M|« n* n»|(un-<l \»\ |>;irajr;ipli *»-Ut. ami. uht*n UiUtl i~ 
n^tin^ri-il, lt\ oiif iniiiiiM r ••! tin- U<nil uill alti-r apprii\al !«■ f<iruanleil thnttikrh 
th* • iiiff •'f thf prii|NT "Uppl\ il«'|Ninmfiit «>t tli*- •livi-i>>n. 'T tleittrtnient in cum* 
tht-ri )*•• n<*di\ij*ujn, tn tlu* pn*|N*r chu'f "f Ixin-aii «>f ili«* War lH'|«irtnu'nt, ulm uill 



90 PURCHASE contractors' BONDS. 

mibiuit to the Secrt»tary of War any aerioufl errors or defet-ts *liw<»vi»rod. The reg- 
ular blank forms of contracts when use<l aa above will be iiioditie<l acconlingly and 
the alterations fully explaine<l over the gignatures of the otmtnK'ting ]»arties. 

63tl« A contract of a cor])oration nhouUl have the nanie of the (V)r{>oration written 
in the )>o<ly of the instnunent, an one of the ]>artiet> thereto, and should l>e signeil by 
the ofhivr 4»r i)erHon who h&< l>et*n authoriziHl to oontrattt in its l>ehalf, who should 
sign the eoriN>rate name and his own anil affix the (*or{>orate wal if there Ix* one. 
The (^ntraeting otiii^r will, in all rases, satisfy himself that the signer has autliority 
to bind the corporation ami will either recjuire from him siitisfiu'tory evi«!enee 
then»of, and file the same with the contnu't, or will cert if v nn the i-ontnwt that he 
has sutisfie<l himself of the uigner's authority and has waivt^l this re<|uirement. If 
eviilence 1k» filcnl with the eontrattt, it shouM crmsist. of extracts from the articles of 
incor]x>rati(m, the by-laws, or the minutes uf the Intanl of dinn'tors, duly cert itic«l by 
the custcslian of Huch ret'onls under the cor|M)rate seal (if there Ik* (me) showing the 
signer to 1h» pn»i)erly veste<i with authority to bin«l the cor|K>ration. 

633. All contracts will l>e exirut(>d in quiiitu])licate. One is for the c<mt.rartor, 
one for the contracting ofiict»r, one for the Auditor for the War Deiwirtment, one for 
the ht*ad of the bun^u to which the contnurt p<»rtains, and <>ne for the Ketunis Otlic*e 
of the Interior I)ei)artment. 

6:M. r|>on riMvipt of the contnurt in quintu])licate at the ]>roiH»r bun*au it will lie 
examiiUHl, and if found corn»ct, a]>provetl. Should any ilk^gality 1h» (lisc-oven^l, it 
will Ih' subnntte<l to the Si»cretar}' of War. 

635. The c<ipy intendi*<l for the Returns Office will Iv si'ut then-to by the officer 
making and signing the Kune as s4Km as ]H>ssible after the contnu't has Imh^u maiie 
and approvinl, and within thirty days, together witli all bids, rtffers, and pn>]NiKalH 
made by jhtsous to obtain the contract, and with a copy of the advertiR'ment; all of 
which will Ih' fastcne<l together by a riblnni and seal, and numlK*n><l in n^giilar 
onler. with thr uflidavit of the contnicting offKHT ap]H*ndc<l in the following fonn< 

I «l«i M»Ifmiily swcHT ttmt the rupy (if (Miiitnu't hori'to unnt'XtMl i.s tin rx>i<-t (iipy c»f h (tuitnirt niAde 

by iiic iN'rMtnnlly with : tlitit I iniuU* ilu* nuiu' fairly, without any )M-ni>tit or a<lvHnt«|ce 

t<» luywlf. or allowing any Mwh IxMU'flt or HdvantaKi- «-ornij»tly to tlu' sfti«l or any <ither 

pi'Dtfui: anil thai tho |>H{M>n« a(>(>oin|>nnyinK iiirliKlcnil th«»M' rrhitinfr to tlit> said contnirt. tu* iv«]nired 
by tlio Hatutc in Mich caM' made and pnividiHl. 

636. In ciise of a ]mrchasc made by an officer of the (^uartennaster^s or SulwiBt* 
eniv Department after public notice of ten days or mon*, the <'opy int<'ndiHl for the 
Auditor for the Wjir Department must 1h» acconqKinieil liy a copy of the advertine- 
ment, a (Certificate of the coutnu'ting otfic«>r as to the time and manner of its publim- 
tion, and his certiti(^te that the awanl was made to the l(»west rt*s{Minsible Imlderfor 
thelM'st and m(»st suitable article. 

637. All )taiH'rs ndating toorafftH'ting the ]>erfoniianceof aiiycontnict will finally 
U' tninsmitted to the buri'au of the War iK'tuirtment t«) which tiie contract iH.'rtuiiUi, 
<>x(vpt iL*' providi*d in [laragniph 78(>. 

tX)XTnA<Ti»Rs' HONIW*. 

63M. I^mds for the faithful {H^rfonnance of contracts for su})])lies orserv'iiv will In* 
nHjuin**! in the following cases: 

1. When the (*(msideration is f 1^,000 or nion». whatev(*r nuiy \n} the h^ngth of time 
riM|uin*d for the full |H*rfonuan(v of the cimtract. 

2. When the c<msiderati«>n is over $2ri0 but less than $:t,()(M) and the c(mtract can 
not Im* fullv |HTfoniK>d within tliirtv davs from its date. 

Bond*' may l»e exacti^l or, in the discreti«»n i»f the res[H.vtive chiefs of buri^aus COTI" 
ceniiHi, waived in the ftjllowing caecs: 



ROKD8 — aURKTIEB. 91 

1. When the mnmdenition if U«mh thmn $3,000 and the omtnu't ix to W fully ]M>r- 
fiiniH*(l witliin thirtv <ii4Vi« fn»iii itii (lat<*. 

2. Wh<*ii tht' <-()nHi4U*nitic»n ii« not iiion* tluui ^'i^V), wlmtewr may U* tlif Ifnirth nf 
til IK* n'«|iiin'<] for full perfoniumce. 

'X WluMi tlu* <^»ntrai*t in for furninhiim: nu^aln to nvriiiti* aii<l nN*niitiii^ |iartitf<. 

Tli«* aiiioiuit of |N*nalty in a ci»ntrai*tor*H InhxI will U* tix(*(l liy tht* t-ontrartiiii; i^tli- 
«vr, aii'l will not U* 1ei«i than onM4*nth nor nion* than thi* full aiiioiint of tin* con- 
Hi<li*rHtion *»( thf* contnu't. 

Nothing in thin iianMrraph into 1m» <H>iu(tni(*«| an authorizing; tho waiving of ttontln 
n'«|iiin'<i uii<U*r {laraKraph 644. 

#39. When iNtndfi for the faithful piTfoniianc*o of fontnu'tn an* (•xa<*t«'«i th«*y will 
In' math* niid fxivuti^t with tlie mnviwary juHtiti<-ation an<l (vrtiticationof HUtlicii'ni'y 
of •«un*titf<. in ai'i'onbuKv with the iiiMtnit'tionH printtHl on the hlaiik foniir* of con- 
tRK'ton*' ImihiU fiimifihiHl by the ehiefH of hun*auii. Sueh 1ion<lii iinu<t he ex<H'Ute«i 
)»y the ntittriMior an |irinri|iiil an«l by a mirety «*oni|«ny <»r by at Uikt^ two Hiitlirient 
antl nt'iNuiHihle iw^ntonH. who niUHt lie eitizenn of the l'iiitt*<l Statim, su* mrvX'uv. KiwU 
niu>«t aflix liin »ti^iatun* ami n«l, and em'h niiniutun* inuht 1n' att<*i<ti*4| hy at h'UMt tine 
witnerK*. When pra«*ti«'ahle then* will U* a He|Nirate witiii*x»i tn earh fii^rimtun*. Sun*- 
tiif to ImiihI** exe<'Ut4«<i in any fon*i(;n nmntry, or in the Philippine Inla!!!!*, CiiUi, 
piirtii liu'tt, or Hawaii, for the |>»*rfonnan4v of n>ntnu'ti« enten**! into in tlmfe pUuii*. 
ne***! not U* eiti»*iiit of the I'liititl Stat4i«. 

0-IO. A i-oni|iany «hily inn tr|M initial under the lawn of the rniti**! .Matet*, or of any 
State, and Nindiy authoriz«il to iruarant4*e iMindn, may U* H«f<*pt4tl ai* Mirety umler 
thi* <-«intlitioiii« pn*H*riU^l in Artirle LVI. LiHtf of Hiirh Ke«-unty eoni|Ninif<< a.** have 
<*i in fori mil to tlie n*i|uin*iiient«<of law in n*H|ieet to nvi'-tnititai will U* puhlihiieil fr> ni 
tiiiii* t«> tinir hy the Adjutant-< ieneral of the .\niiy. A tinii. an Hiieh, will not lie 
iiii*i*pt4Nl ill- ■•un*ty, iiftr a |i«rtner for a ("oiMirtiier or tinn <»f w}iif*h he i« a iiieiidi(*r. 
Stiii'klioldff>i wli«i an* not otli<vn* of a eor]Minition may \n* mt-epteil i%r* Min*tift« for 
i*iirh nir|Mtnitioli. 

#41. A truarantor. or the iruaranton*, to a hiilderV yiuiranty may lie aeev^ptetl afi 
Kun*ty. or Min'tiei*. to the Umd of tlie Niiiie |K*rHon lu* iimtraetor. pnivide«l Mirh 
inianintof or irimnintorn an* ahlt* to jiii<tify af n'viuinNl for the liond. 

#-l4« The •itn*ti«i«. if individiialH. iiiU!«t jointly justify in doiihli* tin* amount of the 
|«*milty. Th<* alliilavit of ju-titiiution miiM U* taken U*ftin* a |N*rNin uuthoriziil liy 
till* Ihu« iif th«> rnit«*«l >tate!«. Slate. TerTit<»rv. nr IHMrirt !<• a«lmiitiMer iiath-. .hii^ 
tilii-atioii wilf U* (nllnHed hy thi* ei*rtilii«iti* of a jutl;;r or clerk of u t'nilol Mal4t« 
*-oiirt. ;i (*iiit«-«l State?* tli]«tni-t attonii*y. a ('iiit«*«l Staio <i>miiii.vion<*r. itra jiid^eor 
rli'rk «>i n Stuti* rotirt of nitinl. with thewal of Ki\*\ omrt atlaeh«*<l. that the min'tiii* 
an* known to liitn. aiitl thai. ti> the Xmi^t of hi» kiiowlciluri* and U-lief. «-ai-h \* W'^rth, 
ov«T and aU*vi* all dehti*and liali'litie*. th«* Miin •tattti iii lit- atlitlaxit of juMitii-ation. 
If foiiti'l iiiiitv^iry. •^*|«iirate tfrtitieatif* may U* fiiniiph<*<l jim to i*ai-h ^un*1\. Tht* 
allida\ iif* of ju**tirii-ati<in «if tiun*ti«Tt to ttiiiir.ii'top>' )M>nd«< i>\f«iit4'«l in any fort-imi 
ti>uiitr\. i'r ill the riiiltppiiii* Ir-lainU, t'nla, I'oiio iCici*. or Hawaii, may I h* iak« n 
U'fori* a notary or any othfr otlio*r havimr a ^^-al and who hy tht* law- of ihe plait' :p 
authori/4-il to .nlmini-ter ^Ufh *iathrt, the otlinal M*al of thi* iiiitarv **r olh«*r oiIiiiT to 
In* utli\i*<|. Thi- i'«'rtili«-ati«in of HiiHieieiirv of •tirh *>iin-1ie<* mav U* maili* hva I'niliil 
.Matei* riiiiHil. if any. hy a ni»tary. or hy the ju*l((e or rU'rk *4 any i-inirt in «ui-h platt* 
havinpa •«>al. tin* otlinal mvI of the oIHot or oitirt |o U*atli\id Th^n-^ilar blank 
(oni « of Uiml- wlii'ii ii*4*il ai* aliove will U> moilitii'<l attiinlin^rly aipl tb«* ultfratioUH 
will U* fiillx I'Xplaine*! over the ftiimiittinf* and •<«m1« of all imrtit-* tit thi* Uin<l. 

#13. < **>ntrai-tiir«' U>nd«mill U* fxit-uttil in •hipli<-ati-. ••iif to .n > omi|hiii\ thi'i-i>py 
of th«* i-oiitrart whii'h i» wnt to the Autlitor fi*r the War lH*|ianiiii*nt. and the other 
rvtaiuvil by th« ulfiivr wlio makii" thf coninM-t. 



92 OBAL AOBEEMENT — ^BEPOBTS OF PUBCHASES. 

644. When a contract is entered into for the construction of any public building, 
or the prosecution and completion of any public work, or for repairs on any public 
building or public work, the contractor will l)e require<l, before entering upon per- 
formance of the same, to include in the lx)n(l given for the faithful performance of 
the contract the further obligation that he will promptly make {layments to all per- 
sons who Hupply him with labor and materials for the prosecution of the work 
provide*! for in such contract. A (^ertifled copy of this aintract and bond w^ill be 
fumiHhe<l to any iK^rnon who has Hupplie<l such lal)or or materials upon his applica- 
tion to the War Dei^artment, airx>mpanie<l by an affidavit that the lal)or or materialfl 
have been supplie<l by him and have not been }>aid for by the contractor. 

ORAL A(}REEMENT. 

645. Subject to the provisions (»f ])aragraph 627, sup])lies may Ih? secured and serv- 
ices engaged by oral agreement, in the maimer common among business men, in the 
following cases: 

1. In an emergency, as when the public exigencien require imme<liate <lelivery of 
supplies or perfonnance of ser\nces, and there is no tinu' t(» advertise by newspapera 
or circulars. 

2. When it is imprac^ticable to secure competition. 

3. When projiosals have lKH»n invite*! and none have been reci'ived. 

4. When proiM»sals are al)ove the market ]»rice or otherwise^ unreasonable. 

5. When ** exceptional articli»s'' are ])un*has4Ml by the Sulwstt^nce I>i'partment. 

646. Bi^fore making u pun*hase by oral agn^ement the otiicer will infonn himself 
concerning prevailing prices by inquiry among princi]uil dealers in his locality. 

647. Open purchases for the military service on or near an Indian renerx'ation 
will lie made as far as practicable from the Indians, under the conditiiuis set forth 
in paragraph ftbJ, when fair and reasonable rati*s, nut cxceeiling the market prices in 
the locality, can l)e obtaine<l. 

RKI><^KTS OF ITKCHASldi. 

#4!l« An offiivr of any deimrtnient who makes an o|>en-market emergency pur- 
chase excHHKlnig $2(X) in amount will transmit with his monthly money accounts a 
rc}H>rt setting f(»rth the nundH*r of the voucher, the <!utc and place of jmnrhaK', name 
of seller, the kind and total money value of supplies so jmrchasiNl, and the reaMins 
for the UHKie a<lopt<H! in each case. The Iuuk! of th(> biin^u will submit thesi* re]>orta 
to the St»cretary of War. 

MAHKINU sri'IM.It> HV ('ONTKAtTOI{>*. 

649. Contnu*tors furninhin^ HUpplii'H will mark ami (listin>;nish them with their 
names antl with such other ikvignations as shall Ix* directed by the purchasing olliirer. 



BOKD6. 98 

ASTIOUB LVn. 

IViNim ov DiHRrRHiNtt OrrirEns RinnEKH, and (V>5mL%('n»RN. 

#AO. I>iHlHintinf;nflru*(>rvof the Qtiarti*nniii<U*r'H, SutMHtomv, anfl Pay dopArtmentii, 
ami all r4ton*k4'<*|N*i><. U*f<»r(M*ntcrinf; uim»ii the <liitH*H of their refi|ie(*tive ofHeen, will 
^ivc In till Ih ai( n*i|tiin*(l liy law. Chiefnof hureaiii« will mm* that hik'H Im>ihIh an* exani- 
iii«-«l »M to Hiitlieit*nry <»f Kiiretitf* at leant (iiuv in two yt*an<, aii«l rt*iiewe(l uiiiv in four 
y«*arH. or riion* fn*<|tiently if ni*eeHKar>'. 

651. Siiretieti to tMm<lH fdven by difiburving ofliivnt will U* fiotind jciintly and 
KeveniUv for the* whole anioiint expressed thervin. and nitu't Matinfv xUv Si*<*n>tarv of 
War that they are worth, jointly, doable mieh anit»unt. «'aeh Hnn*ty making atiidavit 
that ho in worth that mini over ami above hia debtH and liabiliti<*ii. and utatinK in Um 
aflidavit hif tiUut* of reKideniv. 

6«K. When tlu* |irin('i|ial of the U»nfl in a n»r|M>ration, a eo|>y of the n*eord of the 
wlfiiion of tlie otlift^rH exn*utin»r the Uind in itii U'half. and a t*o|iy of the by-law or 
otluT n«4*i»nl of tht* i»nN*e«><linKH of the K<*Vfminir iMidy of the (*«ir|N>rRtion, nhowing 
thrir authority to ext^eiite the Kante, will In* attache*! to the Nind; theiH* otpiiv t«> 
U* o^rtilictl l)y th«* 4'tiJ*t«.idian <•! HUeh rtHiinli*, under th«* M-al of the c*<ir|Mirati(»n, to be 
ifim««'t «*«»pit*»». 

#A3. lU'fore a (*«>r]>oration m-ill U* ae(vi»te<l a^* Hurety there ninnt lie fil«*<i mith the 
Si'r^'tary of War or attached to the lN»nil a <*o|)y of the rt*eiinl of the neleetion of the 
otliivrx who Imvt* authority to exf«*ute the lM»nd or Umdi* on U*half of the <*«4n|iany, 
ai* u<*H tL* a copy of the by-lawn or <»ther rettmlii nhominfr their authority; tlufie 
(*opi«*r* to U* iluly «vrtifU'4l by the eunttMlian of Huch n't^onln. umhT the Hi*al of the«tir- 
|Minition, to )N*eomN*t cvipien. Then* viill alno U* tiled with th«* Stvretar}' of War an 
it«*iiii/4il }4tati*nifnt of the tinaneial condition of the mniiiuny. nhomin^ itn aHtetn and 
liabilitic**, i«i(ni<'«l ami hvtoni to by the prei^iilcnt and wcrctary of the (Company. The 
linamiul i«tat4*ni<*nt uilt In* furniche*! ipiartcrly without Umuk calh-il for, ami the 
cvid«Mic«* MM to th»* M'Ut-titm of the tttliivrH of the <*oni|iany will U* fumiHlHtl iniUH^ 
diatfly after their ele«iion, and whenever any rhan^* in made in their authority to 
ex««<'ute Umdr- eviflemv then*of will U* ininie<liutelv funiiHhcNl. 

* 

#A4. Ill ttkf*' of Ibiancial eniltarnu^nient, faiiun*. or <»ther diN|iuilifyinf; catiMMin 
the |«rt of the Hin>ty to a Umd. the S«i*n-tary of War will n** pi ire the liond to lie 
r«-new«il to hJN Nit i«f act ion, U|M)n notiti«*ation to the prihci|ial. otiicial tM..idf*niay 
not )n> n*newi<il at the will of the princi|ial or Hirety. but only by dintiion of the 
S4*i D'lary. an<1 the Hit«<tittition of une curiHinite nini|«iiiy for antithcr at* nnrety on a 
UiihI will not lie |i«*rniitte<l ex<*ept bv ilin*«*tioit «if the S«*cn'tary. or after the tioiid 
ha^ nin i**r a imtIimI of four yean*, when a renewal then*of if« n*ipiire«l by law. 

HSkSk. |tff**n* u cor|M>nition will lie anvpti**! ai* Hirety it iniiM obtain aiitht>rity in 
writiiit; fniiii the Attiirney-< ieiierat to do bu»iii«f«>. lUnler the act of .\ti|fiiM IH, 1H!M, 
ami riiuot tile with the SiTctarv i^f War a rop\ itf Mich aiitht«ritv. thilv «i*r1itit*t| af*a 

■ a • • • 

tni«'itip\ by the l»e|iartliient i»f JllHtio*. 

Ilalll. lU-fiife u < tir|Hinitioii w ill U* aiivpt«<il a- Min-ty on the Iwiml of a princi|ial 
n-hliiik' ill II ^tatt' «ir Territorx itther than thi* ••lie in which it wat* intiir|>onitexl it 
nit:«t <<>riipl\ with the re«|iiin'iniiitf> of Mithiti *J t.f m t ••( .Siiyii-t !/•. 1h<M, a^ f^ithe 
(i|( ••intiiMht **i an :ur*'iit t.n whi>iii ppm-*^ iiia\ l^* -•r\«-<l. eti . atul inii«t tile with 
tl.«- ^t ntary of W,ira«i>py of the |Miwi*rof attorney tn -m h ai;eiit, aiithi iiticatMl 
nii>li r tlif "••al tif lh«* riNti*d State^^dir-trict miirt fur tin* }\u\u iai iliMtrii-t within which 
tbf ;ivttil n-iile*. i<r till- •-eriilii -ate t>f the !N')4irlnii-iit ••( Jii-tiii* that lheco!ii|4iny 
ha,- ixMiphiil with till- pr<'\ i-ii'ii^ of »f«tii>n 'J *4 •<iid ait "f Aiikfu-t lit. IhIM. 

HSi7, Till' prim i|iiil and -nn-t) iiiii-t Mi;;!! and •«-al thi- N*ii«l. The i-<ir|Ninite M*al 
of thi- < ••r|«inili"ii tiiift U attiXfvl ti» th*- U>iiti t.\ «i.itii- )«twi|i diil> aiith<>ri/eil. who 
iiiu-t aU<> alli\ thi* naiiM- ••{ tin* i-iir)«initi«>ii tn it. (..|l..>%iil hv hi" <>wn <*ii.'tiartir« and 
fttlii i.il •li>«ikrn:iti'>ii wntu-n aft^r thf w«iri| "b\. " Tin- naiin- and plac«*« of liiifiiM^s 
of the princi|ial and nun'ty nnuil U* wntteii in the Uitly of the liiiml. 



94 THE PUBLIC MONEYS DISBURSING OFFICEBS. 

A&TICLE liVm. 

MONKY ACXX)CNTABILITY. 
PUBLIC MOXEYS. 

658. The ii8i' of iiutnovH fur ]mr|x)H(4< other than thoHc for which appropriated} 
1i(jui(latioii of liahilitien of one iiwal year by une of nioneyH appropriated foranotlier, 
and exiM^iiditiires in a ii^'oi year of any Huni in exi*ew of appropriations for that 
year, or involving? the (lovernnient in any contract for future payment of money in 
excens of appro] )riationH, ex<*e])t as authorized by paragraph 5915, are prohibited. 

659. ChiefH of bureaus will Hi*e that fundn in the handn of a diMburning officer are 
Iimite<l to hiH ntiuirementH for a brief i)erio<l, and that an much &m practicable of 
public moneys placinl to hiu credit in kept with the Tn^anurer or an a^^Hintant treas- 
urer of the rnittnl Statei^. KHtimates for fundn Hhoul<i t^tate the mosit (convenient 
places of dejHwit. 

6#0. Lists of national-bank deiHJsitories designate<l for the use of disbursing offi- 
cers, with the amounts of stvurities filetl by each with the I-'nitwl Stateu Treamirer, 
will l)e publishiHl from time to time in oniers fn)m the Adjutant-iienerars Offline. 

661. When* then* an* two or more designatiMl deiK)sitori4*s in the same place, 
cn*<lits should Ihj «j n»gulate<l by each disbursing officer then* station(*<l as to main- 
tain, as far as (Mkssible (by de{)osits, disbursements, and transfers), a pn>i>ortion 
l>etwei*n the amount of his cre<lit at each dei)ository and the amount of M*curitieii 
file<l by it with the Tniteil States Tn'asun*r. Transfers from one <le|)ository to 
another an» not authoriziNl exct»pt through the Tn»asur>' Department. 

DlSlirUSlNO OKFIi'EKS. 

66!i. When an officer disburses money in diffen*nt (*a|>aciti(*s, his dei>osits and 
accounts will l»e kept <listinct, atronling to the bun'aiis to which they ]>ertain. 

663. < >tii4t*rs K'rving in and disbursing funds {>ertaining to mon* than one staff 
de]»artm('nt, and offinTs as'igmMl to duty in any of tlie staff dejuirtments, will, in 
issuing checks, cnnfinr the designation of their official I'aiwcity to their rank aufl the 
IMirticular r<taff tU*i>artment on uci'oimt of which the che<'k8 an* drawn. 

66'l. rul>lic muneys subjiH-t to disbunH*ment coming into the hands of an officer 
fn»m any s<Min'e must U' j>romptly ])la('t*<l by him to his cn»<lit with theTn»asun»r or 
an assistant tnnL^unT of the Tnited States, or a «luly tlcsignatnl de]H»sitory, or trans- 
fernNl t«» a «li>bur>iiig uHii'er nf that bninrh of the pul)lics«'rvi<'i' to which the money 
iHTtainr': in fitiicr of which 4':isi*s a nMvipt will lM*(»litaini*4l. Kxccptions tothis nile 
an* alliiweil when* a disbursing oflitvr has Ikh-u s|H»<*iaIly authorize<l liy the S«'cn*tary 
of War to k<'ep in liis jKTsonal jM»ssession, at his <>wn risk, the public moneys which 
have U'l-n intnl^it(Ml to him for disbursement, and monev in hand mav Ik* disbunwd 
at turn* without In-ing [►Unvd in deiK>silorii's if jayments an* due. TIh" amount of 
subMstenc<* funds which a nvniiting olIioT or commissary may keep in his {H*rsonal 
jM»KM*>si«»n. at his own risk, under theautlu»rity confcrnil ))y ]ta nigra phstkv> and ()<)A, 
n»>|H*ctiv«*Iy, is stated in onlers from the War l)e[»artment. 

665. liecniitim; ol!ici«rs >tatioiuHl at plac**s when* there is no treasunT t»r assist- 
ant tn'itHircr of the rnittNl States an* autliorizeil to k4'<*p on hand at their own 
risk moneys iH-rtainin^ to the appmpriation "Subsistence t if tlie Army" in such 
n»stricteil amount <- as may U* ne«vss:iry for facilitating i>;iynients i»f public cnMlitors. 
In pUufs when* there is :i Tn*asun'r«ir .Assistant TrcjisunT <»l the I'niteil Stat«*ssuf*h 
funds mu-t In* d(*|Mi*tit«Ml and drawn for by official clun-ks to Ik* <»f>taineil from thoM* 
otlicers. 

666. (>t!i<'<*rs doini: sul>sisteniv liuty at t»ther placi-s than when* the Tn*asun*r or 
Assistatit TnaMirer of the l'niti*<l States is ItKiittNl will make aftpliciition t«» tlu* S-c- 
n*t4iry of War througli proi>er military channels, if they have not aln*ady lH*eu 



DI8BUB8INO OFFICERS. 95 

Aiithorir^il to k<»(»p imblic* iiionoy in tluMr |M*iW)nal pfWMMiinn, for ■iitlutrity to m> 
k<*«*|s at tlifir own riHk.Hurh H|N*(*iflo<l HiiniH a»< in thfir opinion inAV Ik* ntnttwary to 
I'nahlf th«-ni tti niukt* at th(*ir jtoHti* cHHh {laynionti* to enliHt4*(i men fnun tini«' to tinu* 
for (*«ininiiitation of rationj* whilu trawling, on fnr1ou);h, etc., anil for paying them 
<*offi*<* nionev intlividnallv when onlen*<l to tniwl without an ollic*er. 

\Vh«*ii it may tw* n(*(*«*i«Hry to ilraw a (*}ie<*k [nr ol .aininfc mf»ney to In* kept in ik.t- 
Hinal |HHM*»**ion for the purfNitiiii h«'mn Hi*t forth, the <liH)Kin«inK ottitvr will <lraw it 
in liJH own favor, un<i rntcr untivr the heaiiinK thereon **Olij«*et for whieh drawn,** 
or "(Ml a<*ii»niit of," tlie followinir: **To hoM fundnin fier^^inal pt M »i w ion. .\nthi>r- 

ily S. \V. , 190—.*' Sueh ehfekn will n«»t lie Htat^Ni to W for **|«iy- 

mwitt< (imler $!*(».*' 

667. A ilixburHin^ otiif-iT o-aninir to at't an nurh ami having; publie fundi* to hw 
rntlit in any ofliii* or liank will at onee infonn the S<vn*tary of the TreaHur\% HtatinK 
what fhii'kr- iiniMu auainHt the name are Htill outHtandintr ami nn|iaid. 

66M. Alt unitiuntf nf mi »m>v held at the end <if eai'h flMul vear hv the Trvat^uriT, 
an nMfiihtunt tniu-iin'r. or a i]i*f<i(niAte<l ile|MiHitary, ert*«litf<| to a <iifil>un<inK officvr 
«(h««^* antxmt httf* n>maini-(i tinchaniriNl, fitluT 1»y d<'|Ni^it or |iaym(*nt, for tht* K|iAif* 
of t\ir\H' y«*an», r*hail U* f«ivrn'«l into th«* Tn-anury, to 1h> pUmihI to the rn^iit of Hueli 
otti«vr if it In* found that ht* in ('ntitU**! to th«* in^ilit. 

669. Noottiivr iliMiurninK money for th«* military tH.*r\'i<v. or ilin^rtinfr the dii»> 
iKiixMiifUt tlH'riNif, Hhall In* t*ime<*nied individual! v. dint'tlv or indiitiilv. in the 
purt'haM* «»r ^al<>of any artiric intemh'vl for. uh'«I hy, or |N*rtaininir to the <le|iar1ment 
of th«* puhlii' M'nio' in which hi* in enpifrevl. 

H7Q* No iitliivr or rl«*rk of a diHhurHiiii; otliivr Hliall In* inten-Htoi in tin* purehaM* 
of any r<«*lili«*r'H n*rlitiiiite f»f \my due, or any oth«*r claim niniinft th«* rnit«*«l States. 

#71. otIifiTM nr a«^•ntf« in tin* militar}* rH*r\i(v will not pun*haM' nupplit*** f<ir tin* 
< iiiM-nitniMit fptm anv other |N'r>*<m in tht* militarv mtviiv. iinr <^intra<i*t with aiiv 
Hull |N>rwiti tt» furni<*li Hupplit**< nr M^r^ici* to th«' <fov«Tnmfnt, tmr makfaiiy (fovfni- 
miMit piin-liaM* nr ittntnu-t in uhi<*h Hurh |M*rx»ii nhall In* UilmittttI to Hhan* or 
n*«i«i\i« iNMii'lit. 

#7)l« If aii\ di«<}iur>ini; ntlii*«*r nliall U't at mrdr* nr any vam«' of Imxaril. liir« <*om- 
nian«liii^ otlii-i-r will HU>«|N'fit| hi^ funrtioUf*. r«t|uin* him tn tuni nv<*rall |*ul>lif' fund«« 
in 111- kii'piiiL*. and \%ill imtii<*<lialfly n*|Hirt tli«*<*aH' tn tli** pn»|n*r Imn-aii of the 
War lH<|*.trinii'iit. lli* will alM» nf|Hirt tht* i-u**4* to tin* d«*|»artm«*nt iiimmamler, who 
will at ••n<i> •-•Mivriif a i-nnrt -martial fnr th<* trial nf tlu* •>tliii*r. 

67:1. ]'.\«'r> di^l»u^•ink' nfhiiT, in n|N'niii); hi- tir**t ai t-ntint ami U^fon* iw*uint; any 
('ht-t-k". will fiinii«li till* ih'iM^itary nn ulmm tli«* «-}if«-k« an* In U^ttrawn viith hin 
otln iai -iiriiatnn*. diil\ \i'riti«*d l<v «miii«* ntli<«'ruhiM* Mi^natiin* i^ kno^tit tn the 
«h'|-»»itar\ . 

117 I. Knr i-M-rv Trtii««iirv •lr;ill r»-«»'i\i-«l hv a «l<'ii»»-it*ir\ tn U* i»Ihi'|'<1 !•» tin* ntlirial 

# M a I ■ ■ 

rn-'lit i.i a ili-litin-nn; ..irn-«r. and f«»r ••\«-rv di'i»«-il ■•( f»nnl- iiiail** l»v th» ntlio^r to 
hi** ••tlhial I n-lit. -M^jit! tii |i.i> tiifiit of hii* t-hi*« k-. n ri*it-ipt, mitnU'ntl in •M'rial 
nnli r. :ki,'\ ;:i\ihi: tli< pl.i<f;in.l ilat«* of i^ftif, \%ill (■- iurni-lMil liitii l>\ tli<> •l«'|i*iNi* 
tAr> . •^■tiin^' I 'rtli tlif « li.tnu ti-r nf th«* ftiiid<*, i. •*.. u In tli«T ruin nr i-iirn-nr) If tli«* 
rr«-«IiT i« iii:i>it )>\ .t di»l*iir^iii|» ••tliii*r'« rliifk tnin**fi*rriiiir fiiii*U, the •■-'•••ntial itrnii* 
of tlif I iiti-k \%ii! I*- •tiii'iK-niti-l. aiit] if hv a Tn*;L-iirv ilruft tin* uarr.int nuiiilNT. 
Til* t.tit-i-i tli«- • 'tin i-r w ilM«* i-\pn"-.««*<l. anil tin* titli* ••! tht* a«^-i»iint %iill al*** **lin%i 
Tt M li.it lir.tiii )i i tin- pi*.'i.- «M-r\ lit* if i- k« |»t Tlif r«i-*ipt, ralh-*! "a •li-l>np*inK 
• itli-ir"- ntfipt," Mill li»- rflainttl lix lli«* ntliri-r in • Ip*-** (a\**r it i« inailf 

#7«1. All "tin I r I- h-»t aiitlmri/t^l tn iii-nn- p'lMn ni-ii«\ '"r prniN'rly. and In- will 
n-'t l«>* .lil-iui-*! rrfilit i->r any i'\;a-n««- p.iid ^•^ thf < -lit-* ti<in ■•( luntifv ••n rh«'«'kj*, 
extvpt ar> prn\iilnl in |Mra«;niph 41 U*r military aitoi ht-y n*r\inir ahroail. 



96 TRANSFERS OF FUNDS CHECKS. 

TUAN8FEKB. 

#7#. Public funds will, in general, l>e transfemxl as followi?: Where the accounts 
are lK)th in the name oftict^ or liank, the otiiiri*r making the transfer will draw 
hiH check directing the deixinitary to place a stated amount to the official credit 
of the of!i(vr nanie<l therein. The che<*k will l>e HtMit to the dei»OHitar\' and not to the 
officer in whose favor it is drawn. If it is nect»Hsary that the otlicer to whom the 
funds are transferre<l shall rtH^Mve them without delay, the transferring otiitvr may 
draw his chei*k and transmit the same direc^t to the officer rt><]uiring them. In either 
case, rei'^npts for the funds an^ sent hy the receiving officer and tlie corres|M)nding 
hiToices are sent ti> the n»ceivingofhivr. Transfers of public funds from one office or 
bank to another are made by the Se<*n*tary ni the Treasury on tlic recommendation 
of the Secrt»tary of War. 

6TT. Funds will not U' tran8ferre<l from om» appn»priution for the use of another 
by borrowing or otherwise*. 

CHECKS. 

#TII« A disbursing officer may draw his check in favor <>f himsc^lf **or lK»an»r,'* (a) 
for making iiayments of amoimts not exciHMling $20; such duH'ks shall In.'tar indorsed 
upon them the names of the ]>erHons to whom the amounts drawn an^ to lie i>aid, or 
accom|ianitHl by a list or s<^he<lule, made a jMirt of the che<*ks, containing the same 
information; for making paymenti' at adistarnvfromadcfMisitory; or,(b) for making 
payments of fixiHl salaries due at a c<»rtain iH*ri<Nl, if th(> che<'k Im' n(»t drawn more 
than two daVs befon? tlu salaries In^'ome due. In all other cai*iv chwks will lie 
made jmyable to "onler" or **l)ean»r,*' ami will l)e drawn only in favor of the 
persons, tiniis, or coriM)rations, by name, to wlumi the ]>ayments an» to 1h» matle. 

679. (^'h <'h(H'k of a di.*«bun)ing officer must stat<' nn its face the a<ldn'ss of the 
officer drawing it, the <»bject of the exj»endirure, and, in case of |»ayment Ut offiivrs 
or enlisteii meU; the iH»ri<Hl covere<l by the payment. Such statements nuist 1k» brief 
but clear — as, for in.Mtanc<s *'|>ay," **i>ay roll,'' or ** payment of tnM)ps," adding the 
jiost or station; *'pun'ha>*e of sul»*istcnce** or of other supplier, naming them; **on 
(M)ntract for constnictitm," mentioning the fortification or other ]mblic work for 
which the iwiyment is made; "payments under >«2t)," etc. Payment is n»fustHl on all 
checks where this re<]uin'ment is disreganle<l, and n'jH>rt <»f tin' fact made to the 
Treasury. KubU^r stam{»s nr the ty|K»writer will not U* ustnl to till in «latt*s, iiayiHTe* 
names, or the amounts of cluM'ks issunl in {»ayment of tbe ]>ublic ere<litors. 

690. disbursing otlicers will not [uiy an ac<*ount until it is due. In castas of con- 
tracts f(»r the iH'rformamv of S4'rvitv or delivery of articles, |»iiyment will not exceed 
the value of services n»n«lenMi, or articles actually deliveriMi. 

6N1. Disbursing othc<*rs will not issue to any cre<litor of the Tniletl States a <'hiH*k 
for more than $2,5(X) to Ih' tnin.*<mittiMl through the mails. In casi> the amount due 
is in excess of $L*,5(M), a sutlicient iunnlK*r of chet•k^ lor ?2,r>(H), or less, will U» issued 
as may In* ne<vsKiry to discharge the I'laim. 

When an original cluM'k tif a disbursing olVicer, not t'Xtt^Hling $2,5(K) in am<mnt, 
has lK*en lost <»r di*strov4Hl,a dupli<at<* cht*<*k mav 1h' issued bv bini, after six months 
and within thriM* years of the date of the original, o|H)n the owner filing with him 
the notitv and priMif of lo!<s imd the indemnity Inrnd n*<piinMl oy section* .'{t)4(> and 
34M7, KevistMl Statutes, and a«-t of Febnmry 1(>, 1SS.'>. In cas*' the disbursing offiivr 
who u^suikI the original che<'k is no loninT in the service, the notice and i>n.N)f of Iohb 
and the indenniitv Inind will l»e sent t«» the Secn'tarv of tlie Tn'iL^furv prior to the 
iwue of a iluplicate chwk. Th«* pn>iH»r atvounting »»truvr of the Treasury will state 
an account in favor of the owner of saiil ch(><'k and i-hargi' thf amount then.'of to the 
ai'omnt <»f such otIici>r. InMnictions for the exe<'Ution and ns<' of the atlidavit and 
Ixmil, and the issue of the tlupliiute check. aco»m]>iuiy the blank ft>rm furnishiHl by 
the Treasury L>e(>artment. 



CHRCK8— OFFKTIAL CHK<'K IKN>KA. 97 

€%%• III tiii«e iif the deftth, iwignation, (ir removal fnmi artivt* KTvic^e nf a dip- 
biindnK otficer. aiiy rhe«*k previcMUily dram-n by him, arwl not |>reM*nti««i for |iayiiK*nt 
within four monthii of itii datt*. mill not be paid until itn rtirrertnew nhall have lieen 
atteffteil bv tlie Secretan' or Aiwiiitant Secretarv of the Treawirw 

• » • • 

#MS« A t*he<*k drawn by a dinfiumnK offi<<eri«till in ai*ti\Vf«er\'i(v, pn^nented liefore 
it Hhall have lieen iwued thn*e full floral yearn, will U* |iaid in the tunial manner by 
the otncv or liank on wl ich it ia drawn, ati<i from fuufln to the rretlit <»f the drawer. 

•M4. At the done of «iu'h tiarml year ever>' diMlmrmnK officer will make a retnm t4> 
the Set'rvtary of theTreaaury, through the pn>|)er channeli*, i>f all mitntamlinf; rhec*kii 
ii«*iie<i by him three yean or more prior thereto, fdvinic the namen of |«yee<iaml their 
rifiileneeK when known, the puriMwef* for whi(*h and plaeea on which the eheckH 
w«*re drawn, with an ounti*, numlN*ni, and ilaten of name, and the numlierp of the 
voueheni rvreivwl therefor. 

#9A« At the «*loHe «if eaeh Hitcal year all amtNmtai remainiiifr to the «*re<lit of a dia- 
bofiiing oltlrer, represented by ehe<*kii or drafti*«lrawn u|M»n the Treamirer, an amiHtant 
treaaorer, or any defdiouit^Hl depoKitary, thn^ or more yearn pri(»r then*to. will \m 
covered into the Treamiry and there KtamI to the credit of th<* iiaveee in an appn>- 
priatiim ainmnt df^nominateil **«Miti«tandinK liabilitiet*/* 

#M#« A eluvk which hai* lieen ifMie«l for a lonK«*r |ieriod tlian three full tiHivl yi^m 
will lit* |iaid only by the nettlement of an afitmnt in the Tnmtniry I>epartment. For 
thii« |Hir|MK«i* the chtvk will be tranmnitteii. thrrNiKh the proper channelft, to the 
.Secretar\* i»f the Treamirv. 

•<iirririAi. niRi'K hookm. 

#M7. Olticial chivk iMMikn are iMOHnl bv the Treamirer aini awojttant treamireni of 
the rnite<l StateK dire«i to difdmrmng offiivn* who have public money on depuMt 
«ith th4*m. Kulet« for iiwie, trannfer, et4'.. nf thti«e ch«H*k IwxikH arci»m|«ny each 
lMw>k. In iiiakinir iiaymeiitu only offi<*ta] che<*kii will U* uhiiI. 

#MM. oihcial clui'k tMM>kK <in national-lauik de|MN«itori4*t< an* funiip*heil by chielii 
of lmn*auf*. by mhom nn'vinbi of blank rh«*«'kH iM«ued will lie kept and to wh«Hn 
unufied chn^kn will lie returned. KuUv for iMnu*, trannfer, et4-., nf the«<e clui'k liookff 
a(i*omiHiny 4«4*h lioiik. Tlie<'hief of Imrvau iiwiing a che<*k Uiok on a iiati«iiuiMauik 
de|MH(itor>' will keep a «*«Miiplete ni'onl of iti* him*. \t»t clMirH4*ter, the ft*rial numlteniof 
itn clM*<*kH, and when and to wb<»m ii««iH'«l. 

When an offic«*r traiiHfen* mwh Uitik, or aiiv of itn uiiu>«e<l ch(*«'kt«, h«* will imme<li- 
atelv ailviM* the «'hief of Imreau bv wIkhii it war* iiMieil nf theM*rial numlierH. inclusive, 
no tran»«ff*m-«l. ff»rwartliii|r a n*«vi|>t then*f(ir. that the iHN'eiwary clianiei* in tlie rvconl 
may In* niaile. When an otn«i*r ceai«eft X»* ai't art a dinbiin«iii|c nititvr nr agri'nt he 
should transfer all unuited ch«*«*kr* to hii* Kiici-«i««ir ai* alM>V4* pn»vifleil, or. if there lie 
n«»ini4*cfM«>r. rt*lnni them ti> tlifM'hi«*f of l>iin*ati bv wboni inMH*il. Shoulil anv otfici*r 
make an •'ramire or alteration «if any of bin chc<-ki<. how«*\i*r f*li|tht. he will certify to 
tht* corri'iitHfw of Mirh eramm* or alti'rati«4i on tin* up|N*r iiiarvin **i mich cheek. 

#M9. Mtitilat4'«l «ir N|ioilfl*i| otficial cht<«*kii u|»oii the rpiti^l Stat4i« Tf^«min*r or 
ai«a*(tant tn-ai*urer mill lie forwar«lf*il pnHiiptly to the otticv* to mhich they |iertain. 
Imt iiiutilati'tfl or N|M*il«*il chc<*kH u|M»n a nationaMnink d«*|HH*itor>' mill U* forwanletl 
pniiiiptly. for prt*M*r% ation ami future r«*fen*iire, to th«* chief of Imi^vu by whom 
ii4»u«'«l. m lio «i|| ai'kiiowteilgr the n^t*i|>t of Mirh cht^kfi. In «*itlH*r ran* a reivnl of 
th«* dattwof lioth imm^rllation aiNl tranianiMon will l«* eni<^«I on theiitub. 

«:KaTiric-.%T» or i>Kr«MiT. 

###. iNiblii* iiiiHieyfiaretraniifent^l t^i iUv K«*iieral Tn«i4!ry by lii*iii|r d«>|NHtitHiI to 
the "« n^lii of tlif Tr^-aiturur of the TnitMl Statif*," fithtr at the TnmMiriT'" ti||i«i|t, 
•If at tbi> ofltii* i»f oiM* of the ai«af<taiit trt«iMin*rY«. or at oim* of iIm* «li«iirTial«il df*|MN4- 
torin*. .\11 " miMU'llaiMviuii rt^^|»t« ihi ai^iMiiit of prueet^ln of Guvemmeut |ini|ierty 

2818-«« 7 



•» 



i)8 CERTIFICATK8 OF DEPOSIT — PROCEEDS OF SALES. 

(paragraph 097) must l)e depoidted; aliM>, when requireil by rhiefs of bureaus to 
which the funds pertain, the public moneys in the poHBession of, or to the cre<iit of 
disbursing officers or others. For each deposit made a *' certificate of deposit'* in 
duplicate w^ill be given, showing the full name, rank, regiment, or corps of the depcw- 
itor, and to wliat appropriation or fund the amount belongs, the depositor giving the 
necesBar>' information when making the deposit. 

691. The "originals'* of all certificates f>f deiuisit are re(iuire<l by law to lie for- 
wanled by the dejMwitaries direct to the Secretary of the Treasury; the **duplit«teH** 
are filed by the depositing ofllicers with their retained papers. Immediately uixm 
making a de()osit t4> the cre<iit of the Treasurer of the United States the deixisiting 
officer will notify the proper chief of bureau of the fact, stating the numl)er of the 
certifiirate of deposit, the name of the depository, the date of the dei>oHit, the amount, 
the appropriation to which the money pertains, and whether the amount arose from 
proceeds of sale or is a repayment of an unexpended balance. If the dejxjsit is on 
account of the indebtedness of any person other than the de|X)siting officer, the source 
from which the money was derived and the objec*t of the payment will be distinctly 
stated and reference made to the vouchers, if any, t4) which the deposit |>ertains. 

#93. A disbursing officer of one staff department making stopiMiges on M^count of 
the funds or property of another staff department will, in the alisentre <»f s^iecial 
instructions to the contrar>', deposit the funds so receive<l, an<l not leave them to be 
transferred ui)on the settlement of his a^xrounts at the Treasur}'. 

#93. Nothing in the two preceding paragraphs will be construinl to affect the 
existing system of depositing collections by paymasters of the Army. Whenever an 
officer refunds money to the (fovemment by payment t4) an army |>aymaster, dupli- 
cate descriptive receipts will lie issued by the latter for the amount refundnl. 

The paymaster will, with the least practicrable delay, forward, without letter of 
transmittal, the original receipt direct to the Paymaster-! ieneral of the Anny and 
furnish the offi(5er with the duplicate. 

694. The numl>er, date, and amount of the c*ertificate of deinisit^ t(»gether with 
the s|)ec*ific appropriation, if named, will l)e noted on the a<'c<»unt current upon wliich 
the tlejKisitor desires to be credite<l with the money deposited. Certifitratt* of de|MMit 
will not l)e file<l with accounts current. Officers will state in such accnmnts dates c»f 
deposits an<l name and location of depository. 

#95. Certificates of deixisit must l>e reconled in the proper bureaus <»f the War 
Department. The "originals," upon their re<*eipt at the Treasury, are inuiie<liately 
forwanietl t«» the Secretary of War, whc» refers them to the pn>per banyans to wliich 
the dejKjsits {lertain for verification and designation of the appropriation. 

1>K<H'KKIM flK SALES. 

#9ll« Moneys nM*eive<l for ston^, materials, or supplies (except sulwistence stores) 
sold to offic*ers, enliste<i men, or exploring or surveying ex(HHlitions authorized by 
law will Ik.* dejM>site<l to the cre<lit of the Treasurer of the rnit4Ml States, and res]iet> 
tively r(*vert t<» the appmpriation out of which originally exiH*n<itHl. l^MtH^ls of sales 
of useless onlnaniv material aufl the (Mist of oninaniv issue<l or sold to the several 
States an» expendt»<l under conditions pn»scril)t»<i by law. PnH*ee<ls of sales of sub- 
sistence supplies an* inuntHliately available for the pun>hase of (nn*h supplies. 

697. The pnN^H'<ls f>f sales uf all public proix'rty the dis|H)sitioii of which is not 
pn)vid(Hl for by the preceding |>anigraph, after the ex]M'nses<»f sale have lH*en de<lm*te<l, 
will Ih» deiMisit***! to the cn^lit of the Tn»asun»r of the Tnit^Nl State's as " Miscellane- 
ous re«»eipts f»n aiM^ount of prvMitnls of (Tovennnent pn»iH»rty." for which tvrtificates 
f>f d«>|Nisit will issue, showing the name, rank, n>ginu'nt, or <*oqis of the deiMwiitor, 
the natun* **{ the<le|H)sit, the kind of pro] x^rty, and the bureau ti» which it iK>rtainiHl. 



APPROPRIATIONS A(X^»rNT8 TITRRKNT. iW 

The triniifer of puhlir pmperty from one Imn'mi or DefMUtment to aiiotlier 
ii4 IK it rvfcarded sm a mle. If money is reoeiTed tlien*for, it may lie ummI to replaix* 
mM'li Kt4irH« ami will be reporte«l aci'ordingly. 

AfFBtiPRIATtOXtt. 

###• The AMml ytmr en(ii« un June ^10. The i|iiart4*n« of the (im*9\ yi«r an* an fol- 
Iowh: Firvt qnaiter, July 1 1(» Se|itemlier .')l>; Mecoml, (MoImt 1 t4» I>e(vmU*r31; thini, 
Januar\' 1 to Manrh 31; fourth, April 1 to June 90. 

TOO* Chiefd of Imreatitf, in notifyinK oHiivm of remittaiicii*, will infi»nii them of 
Uie am«Hmt remitte«l under eac*h heail of a|>|»n>priation, iriviiiK the dtwignation by 
fiHi*al yearn when net'eMHary. 

TOl. Atx'ountM (*um»nt, ahHtrac*tis and vi>urhen«, iii(*ludinK timiuifen* ainl rt*fund- 
nientM, w'ill have noltnl in red ink on the face an<l alw» in the brief on the l«u*k the 
fiival year Ut which the fundi« pertain. 

T09l« N<i acxKHmt current, except in the I'fty Department, will mntain aciiHuitiviif 
different yeare; ami nu item will In* entt*rv<l then*<in unlew* it fiertaiiui to the fimml 
ycmr t4> which the a(*<i*«mnt lN*longii. 

TOS. Money receiveil ami di»lHinied under the appn»priation for mntiiiieent 
ex|ienMf« of the Aniiy will lie aciNMmted for by ofHc«*ni authoriie«l to diKlMirne it, on 
i>|Mvtal a«*«*«iunti* current, in which fundi* lH*loii|rintr !«• other appnipriationn will not 
Im» ent4»n*<l. 

T04. When an article {Kin*kiaiie«i ii< not iiaiiii*<l in the appropriation act, the |»ur- 
IHw for which it ii< inten<leil determineii the appropriation from which |iaynient ia 
niafle. 

704« .\11 |Miblic fuiKli* on liaiid at the cltwie of a tiHcal y^iir, ««xtvpt t\uwn» n^|uiml 
to |«iy <Mitf<taiHlinK ItaliilitieH imnirml duriiiK micIi year la Hchi^hik* of wliicb will, if 
|MM«tilile, a«-i^Mn|«uiy the lant a(*co<mt current for the yc«r ), and ** no limit " approfiri- 
atioiu*. will U* de|MHiited to the creilit of the Tn-amirer («f the Tnited Stattv and the 
dijtlMiniintE otfiivr'n ac^tHint cloneii by a credit for Htu*h defMinit. 

TOO. llalaiM^i* n*tainefi after the doae of the flMti] year for the |mr|MM* nf |«iying 
(Hiti*tandiiiir liabilitieK will In* carried to a " supplcMiiental aif^ount current ** f<ir the 
fiM*al yi'ar t«i which the fundii {lertain. 

TOT. When iliKlHintementi* are uumU* fnim hucIi lialancet*, a«^'«Muitj< will U* ren- 
t\vT\-*\ Ml* "supplemental a«*c«Hmti**' for the tln<al year U* which the fundn |iertain. 
.\tliiiitt«^l emmt, to In- n*fuiid«'«l, ex(V|>t in tlie Pay I>i*|«irtnM*nt, will In* taken upon 
an acc^tiint cum-nt for the Amtil v««r in which the 4>rr«in« occum*d. 

^Oill-JKTH ( I'MKB^T. 

TO^. Ai-iirtinti* ciirnMit iiill lie nuifle in duplicate; mie c«»py, a«^^>ni|«ni««il by 
al»*tnii-tf* and voucheni, iiill U> fnrwanh**! to tberhief of the lHm«u ainl the « it her 
n*taint^l l»v the o|fio*r. The fnnni* of a«'«*tMnitP curn>nt and al««tnMif* fumii«lii'*il by 
the i-liief ••( the Inireau in which the fiin«vr if> M'r\intE will U* U"eil. 

TOO. IhnlmriiiMir nrti«vni who n*niler a«*c«Mmti* Hhiih e%entiuilly |4ii«i t«i the Tn«f^ 
nr% iN'imrtnieiii fur M*tilenient are n«|uin^l to pn*|«in* their ai*i^iunti>. with alv^traiia 
atnl \i»iii>hent iiiuiplHe. ami f|e|MMiit tlu*tn in tlH- {ii«it'4»rtice. »lilr«i«i'«l to the chief <if 
the iHiniiii of the War I>e|«irtment U> which they |wrtain. on *tr U-fon- the KKliday 
of «<ai-h month. Imyiilaritii^ in the nuul M*r\'i(v or want •■( blank fonii« iiitl iH»t 
exnifti- a failure Ui i^imply with thin |«nMrniph. When %imrhenian* iifl M'Ut with 
thestciiiunt til which they liebmK, ^^>t '^^ milM^|Uently remlen<il, i*uitable t-xplaiia- 
tion HiH In* maile. 



lOO- ACCOUNTS CURRENT VOUCHERS. 

TIO. Original voucheru will, if {MMHible, aix*iHn})any the ai*c!()unU«; c(»pie(<i will not 
Ih* aiHvptoil unU'HR duly c-ertified and act'(>ni})anie<l by satisfactory evidence of the 
loHH or dcHtniction of the originaln, or tliat Uu>ir retention in indispensable to the 
|H»rfomian<i» of duty by an officer. 

711. With the actHmntH will Ih* forwarde<1 all onlern (»f conunanding offic*erH and 
all other })a}H'rH u|>on which the officer accountable relies t^> relieve himself from 
renponpibility. 

71 111. When an officer iH relievtHl from <luty in a Htaff <lepartment at any station 
he will i*ertify out^tan<Iing debt^ if any, to his su<*ceHHor, and transmit a list of the 
sanit* to the head of the proper bureau. Tnless otherwise onlere<I, he will turn over 
to bin successor the public money, pro})erty, books, and jiapcrs pretaining in the 
service from which he is ri»liev€*d. 

MONEY VOrcilEKS. 

713. Vouchers will onlinarily Ih^ made in dupli<*ate, or, if n><|uire<I, in triplicate, 
and the number made will In* state<l on eatth copy. 

714. The corriH'tness of the fa^'ts state<I on a voucher and the justnet** of the 
aiH'ount must l»e certiiie<i bv an officer. 

» 

71ft. Kvery voucher in supiMirt of a {layment for supplies or for si»r>'ices, whether 
it Ih* made pursuant to a formally preitarcil (*ontnu?t, an accepted bid, or a ]Hirchase 
without a<lvcrtising, will l>e made out in favor of the creilitor, giving his addn*fls, and 
muMt state (if for supplies funiishe<1) the date of the pun*hase, the quantity and 
pri<tM)f each article, and the amount; or (if for st^rvices) the character of the ser- 
vices, the date or dates on which nMidennl, and the amount. Where pa])ers relating 
to two or mort* vouchers are nM|uirtHl to accimiiiany accounts, they must be filed witti 
the first voucher iwii<l, and referc»nce then»to made on the other vouchers. A voucher 
for serN'ices by the day or month nuist state the nature of the si»r\'i<'e, the inclusive 
datc^s of H(*rvice, the time for which ]»ayment is made, the rate of [lay, an<l the amount, 
and the «H*«»ipt of a i-rtHlitor to a voucher for supplitv fumishe<l or ser>ices rendered 
must oHitain the wonls ** which I ct»rtifv to Ih» comn't.** 

All vouchers, when practii^able, will Im' Rendered in the English languages l^it if 
riMideriMl in u fon*ign language* a translation of the same must atxHimpany the 
voucher. 

716. Money amounts will Ik* expn*»vc.Hl in terms of dollars and «*i*nts. When a 
fractitm of a (vnt l(*ss than one-half (M*<Mirs in the f<M>ting of a V(»u<'her it will Ih* din- 
n*ganU*<l. If the ir^^'tion Ih* om*-half or greater it will Ih* re(*kone<l as a c(*nt. 

717. A voucher for a pun'hast*, or for st*rviw*s not |H*rM»nal, must have exprewcd 
on its face, imme<liately Ih'Iow the statement of the account, the miNle of purchase 
or engagement, using then*for one of the following notations: 

1. I'imUt i'<»nln«rt. dnUil , 19—. 

2. l*mJ«T pulillr iiotiri'. (IhUhI , !*►— . 

3. rnd<*r oml Htrn'cim'iit. without HtlviTtisiiiK- 

71M. The giving or taking of ntvipts in blank for public money is prohibited, 
exifpt tlu* retvipts X<> vouchers for publishing a<i vert i.'H'ments, which will Ih* re(*eipte<l 
prior to audit. 

719. A voucher for funds disburse<l will, In'fon* Inking sign4*<l by a public creditor, 
Ih* made out in full, with the platv of |»ayment and the name, rank, n*giment or 
ror|iH of the iiayiiig otfiivr entertMl in the n*<'(*ipt, un<l the exact amount of money 
written out in wonls in the n*<ript. When votichers an* sent by mail for signature 
the date in the nit^ipt will U* left blank, and theclu^-k in fiayment will not Ih* drawn 
until the vonehen* an* n*tunu*<1 pn>iH*rly signe<l, when the date of the check will lie 
adih^l tii the n*<*<'ipt. 

7tlO. Invoil.'e^ nf an«l n't-eipts for fundn tnuiHfern'<l will state place and date of 

transfer, the name, nuik, ri*ginient or cor] ih of the of1i(i*r fmm whom the money is 

nfy/iit/^ t/w kind nf /iinds tninsferretl, and the amount tnumferred under each head 



VOITrHKR8. 101 

of appropriation. If tho tniiiHf«*r in for Xhv iiirntiioii tif om^rx, \iht*th«*r arif«iii»r ii|miii 
tlu* Ht*ttl«*tiit*iit i»f a4i*oiiiitH or otlu*rwiM\ thi* factn will U» iiotinl in ilHuil on Imtli 
invoi«v and nnvipt. The nnfiving ottUvror aK«*iit will in<loryi* ii|Min tlu* invouv iUv 
vxai*t flato of the receipt fdven by liini and will file it with the ai'<-otint (Mirrent on 
whirh he a4*knowle<lgieii rtH'eipt of the fundi*. Any diM*re|MUi<*y ax to the appnipria- 
tion, AmuI year, or amotuit which may exint U^tween the invoiiv and rt^vipt when 
the latter t>i pn»|M*rly niaileout will \w note<l and explaineil on Ixitli invoicv and n'<vi|»t 
hy the otiitvr or a^rent mvivinic and rtHt*iptinK for tlie fniidn. 

7)ll« Vourherti for |iayiuent nuwle and invoi(t>Hand nMviptnfor money tnin>(ferfe«l 
will liave notM u|ion them the numlter, date, and amount of <'hc*<'kH inveii. ami the 
deiMNfitory on whirh drawn. If |iayment in ma^le by eurrenry, wholly or in |«irt, tlu* 
faiii* will In* HtAt^^l. 

im. Parairraph 716 of thcw* RiyulAtionH n*<|uini4 that the money aeiiKintH of din- 
iHirnintr otfi«i*nt of the rnit««d States Amiy nhall Im* n*nden*<i in tennn of dollan* ainl 
(fntH, and to r«e(iin* unifonnity in the pn*|Miration and n*nditi(»n t<f their al'«*(»lmtl^ 
the fi»llowiiiir illui«trBti«»n of the method of Htatin>f th«> value of fonM^u f«ilver or koM 
in the iftlandn now iN^nipied hy the rnit4*<| Stat«*»« forees^ in puhlinhe*!: 

The aii*ounti*, wlu^ther f«ir |Hin'haMv or fn'rvioi*. will Ik* iitut«'«l in the «nirn*ney 
umler whieh the indelitednen* is* im*iim*<l — i. r., fort^KU nilver nr }ri»ld or Tnititl Statet* 
<iirfvnev. 

m 

If the aimvment <<allH for either fonMini nilver or irold, the aceoiint >*hall U* Htated 
in th<M* f*urn*nrieH, ref(|)e(iively. WtM*n in silver, the total amount will U* n*<lu(*eil 
to iti( 4*i|uivalent in the jrold c*urren<'y in um* in the muntry iu whieh the imlehted- 
netv in ineiirrevl. at the rate of exrhanfce whieh may iroveni at the time, and fn>ni 
thin jpild nirreney int<» I*nite<l Statei* eum*ney at the «nirrent rate t»f exehanipi* at 
date<if |iaymtMit. If theai*e<»unt ii* ntatt'vl in the ig*iU\ i*urn*n«*y in line. Uit the one 
n^luetion inti» Tnite*! Staten cnirrenev — will U* ne<'<*HNirv. 

The amount in Tnititl State»« eiirren<*y liavin); U*en arrivetl at, authority if* hen*hy 
triven for rhivkr* to In* drawn ther«*for hy di^lHlr>lin^ nfiicvrH to their own onleni in 
I'nitol Stat4ii rurrt*ney and hy them exehanicitl at l4i«<al tiM-al aicen«*i«'>' of the Cniteil 
Statet* when* |itMiihle. <irat loeal iNUiki*, for the neei*MNiry amt»unt in thenMn re«|uire«l 
t<» |Hiy the rn*«litor in tin* money oriiniuiHy ai;nN'«l ufMin. anil authority if> hereby inven 
for KUf'h t*xehan){i* where the <*n'<ilit4ir ibn^line** to aiifpt I'lut'k iMyabk* in (Mirn*nry 
of the rnit«H| States. 

The \ou<'her>« for a«-e<iunti« will U- nuule to f>how th«* debt ai< artuallv iiieumil, in 
the fi»in in wlii«'h faiymrnt in m»le, and the ntlut-tion from thin min to I'niteii 
Staien riirn'ney, the rate nf exrhani^* U-inir f*tat<-«l on the vourluT. anil th«* am<HintK 
ntatc'tl «»n alvtrai-tji and a«*«*oiuit <iim*nt in rnit««<| Stat4*ii iiim*nry, an pn*M*rilN<iil by 
|«irairraph Tlti of th«* li4inilationn. 

7)I3« Vuiu'liem munt U> ntati^l in th«* nam«* of tlir (itriMiraiion. 4i»m|iany, finii, «>r 
|iemon n*nderintr the Marvin* or funiinhinir the artirli'« U*r whirh |4i\nM*nt in maile. 

7>M. I'avmentn m f*um*n«-v or bv I'lntk to lifan-r will n<it U* ma^h* ti» hol<leni of 
|Miw«>i> of attorney or to hotdem of tnntnim«*ntno|N*nitini;an trmnnfiT» oraf«*iKnmentK. 

If a |4iyment in «*urr«*ni-y or by rluvk to U^r^'r t« nunle tti an iiit*«ir|Mirate«l or 
unini-i»r]kirHt«*<l f(Hn|iany. th«< money or ('hii-k niu»it U* •l4>li\«'n<il i>i an<l the voiielu*r 
n<«viptt«l by a duly authoriiiNl oHitvr • »r atfiMit of tht>oim|«n%. tht* n*«vipt miiHt U* 
Mirm*il with threomiainy name, follow«il by theaut'ijrniph -iirnatiin* of theolli«vr, 
with hin title, or of th«* airi*nt ti» whom the mon«*y <»r «*hf«-k wa^ ilfliwritl, uihI the 
re«^|»t4*il viHicher will U* a4^*i»m|iani«'<<l by exiilfnn* nhiiwintr hi- authority. Thin 
«'%ii|«'niv will oinnint of evtraetn from the artirli- **i infi*r| Miration i»r a^^n'tation. the 
t»>-laHM, or tiM* minut«v of the ln«nl of din*i tor>. «lui\ fvrtifi»^l b\ tin* t'Uf*t«Nlian of 
niM'h n*«^»nlf* < und«'r the c^im|auiy •*•«!. if th«*n* U' inif ■. •}i«>wifik' th-«t the ni^ner ia 
pni|i«*rly \ent«4il with authority to n-«-ei%i* aUil n^i*ipf for iiitihi'\ •lu*- tht* mmiiany. 

If |«iynM*nt in i-umMiey or by rlH'i-k t*i U*ar«*r i?* made to an individual or a 
c^upAitneffftliip duiiiK bu8iiHi« tiiMler a itMii|«ny title, the n^ix'ivi \\\\vr\V«e «v^vp\^>^v 



102 VOUCHKRS. 

the company name, followed by the autograph signature of the individual proprietor 
or of one of the meml)er8 of the fimi with the wordH "proprietor*' or "one of the 
proprietors" appended thereto. 

If payment in currency or by check to bearer is made to a copartnership doing 
business as such, the receipt must be signed with the usual firm signature by one of 
the meml)ers of the finn, who will lie required to ap})end his own signature as "one 
of the firm.** 

If payukent in currency or by check to bearer is made to an imlividual creditor, 
the re<*eipt must lie signe<l by him in person. 

795. If [Myment is made by check to order of any company (incorporated or unin- 
corporated) or finn or individual by name, and the fact that the chet^k has lieen so 
drawn is state<l on the voucher, giving its numl)er, date, amount, and United States 
depository on which drawn, the receipt to the voucher may Iw signed by an officer, 
attorney, or agent of the company, or by an attorney or agent of the firm or individ- 
ual, stating the (capacity in which he signs, without filing with the voucher evidence 
of his authority to sign. The disbursing officer in all such cases will deliver the 
chec'k to such person only as he is satisfied is authorized by the principal to rei*eipt 
the voucher and receive the check. 

T36. Receipts for small sums for occasional service paid to corporations, such as 
railroad, telegraph, turnpike, transfer, express, steamboat, hotel, newspa])er, and ice 
companies, may be signed by the local agent in chai^ of the business of the company 
at the place where the service is rendered or where it begins or terminates, and the 
certificate of the officer making payment that the person to whom payment was 
thus made was then the local agent of the company in chai^ of its business at the 
place designated will be suflficient evidence of the agent's authority to nM'eive an<l 
receipt for the money paid. 

797. When an ac(X)unt is presented by an individual who is not known to the dis- 
bursing officer, the latter will require him to be identifie<l. 

79II. The signature to the receipt and the name of the person or business firm as 
entered at the head of an account must be literally alike. 

799. When a signature is not written by the hand (»f the party, it nmst lie wit- 
nesse<l, and by a commissioned officer when practicable. 

730. In final statements, receipts for money, and papers of like character money 
amounts will, in all cases, be written out in full and also expresse<l by figures in 
parentheses. This requirement does not apply to pay rolls of militar>' organizations 
and {lay rolls of other descriptions. 

731. Fees of civil officers for administering oaths in matters of military adminis- 
tration (where the services of judge-advocates of departments, or of courts-martial, or 
trial officers of summary courts were not obtainable) will be paid fnnn the appro- 
priation applii^able to the subject-matter of the oaths, and in case there l>e no appro- 
priation applicable thereto the fees will be iMiid by the Quartennaster's I>e]>artment. 

739. Disbursing officers will not issue vouchers for un|>aid actrounts as due bills 
against the Tnited States, but a certified statement of {H'rsonal si^r>*ices and of wages 
due may lie given t(» a dis(*liarged employee who for want of funds was not }Hiid at 
time of discharg(\ 

733. When applicable, the following ndes for the ct>mputation of time in })ay- 
ment for ser>ices will be obser\'ed: 

1. For any full calendar month's service, at a stipulate<l monthly rate of (x>mpen- 
eati<m, {tayment will be made at such stipulated rate, without reganl to the numbc^r 
of davH in that month. 

2. When Her>'i<'e (*ommences on an interme<liate day of them<mth, thirty days will 
be assume<l as the length of the month, whatever be the number of days therein. 

3. When tilt* M*rvi<t* tenniiiates on an intennediate day of the month, tlie ai*tual 
num}H*r nl f Javs during which service was ren<lere<l in that calendar month will be 



VOrCHKRH — PKCrXIAKY RKrtIM>NSIBIMTY oK OKFI(*KR8. 108 

4. \Vlit*ii thv Hi»r\'ifv eiiibnuw two <»r iiioir* iiioiitliH or |mrt<« <if iiioiithH hut onv 
fnM*tioii will Im> iiuuU% tliiiH: Fn»in Sc|»t4*iiilH*r 2\ to Nov(MiilM*r :25, tiii*liii*iv(% will U* 
mlitibiti^l— ^•ptfmlier 21 t4» < Vt4>l)er *J0, iiii*luHiv(% one month; fn»iii <Molier 21 to 
Niivi*iii)mt 20, inrhuiive, oiu* month; fn»iii Nov(MnlM*r 21 tu 25, inrhutivt*. fiw «layH; 
makiiiir th«* tinii* allowcNl two moiitku* and five <layH. 

•V Whi*n two frai'tiouH of monthn i»*<<>ur an<I YN»th an* 1««hh tkian a whoU* month, an 
from Aii|nu*t 21 t4» S«*|>t«*mlM*r 10, the timi* will Ih* flc»termintoil thiw: Aufrnxt 21 to 30, 
inrhifiiv«* (iiniorinic the 3lHt), ton dayn; fn>m S*|>t«Mn)M*r 1 to 10, inrhmiw, t«*n tlayn; 
makiiiK tht* time allowed twenty «layn. 

tS. Ser\'i<t* nHnmemMiiK in Fehruar}' will In* rmlrulat€<l aa thtHiyh the month txm- 
tiune«l thirty tlayn, thib«: From Fehruary 21 t4» 2H (or 29), inclomve, ten «layK. When 
the i«er\'i«v (*i>mmen(*e»« on the 2Hth ilay of tliat month, thm* dayn will lie allowed, 
and if on the 29th, two davH. 

7. If iii*r\'i(^* «-<»mmen«*eH on the 31i«t day of any month, fiaynient will not U* made 
fur titat dav. 

H. For <-onimutation of HulwiHtomv ami for Hi*n*iret( of |N*nionH employed at a {ler 
diem rate (layment will Ins iiiaile for the ai*tiial nnni>N*r of dayn. 

9. When iii*r\'i«'ef< an* r«*ndeivil from one iriven date to another tlie ai^*<Hint will 
Ktatt* I'learly whether both daten are inelude«l. 

10. In iN»m|mtinir the waieii* of |N*n«onH em|>loye«l at a |N*r diem allowamv tlie day 
on whirh f^*r\-io* iNvint* luid the day on whieh it eiMln will lie allowed in the 
nim|Mitation. 

T94. l>ti*lMirHin)t otHivri* will not nettle with hein*, execut4>n«, or atiminiMratom 
exiv|»t hy authority of the |»n>|N*r lKin«u of the War lH*|iartnient, anti u|M»n a(*<i*ouDtii 
that liavi* U*en duly aiMiitiil an<l eertifie«l l»y the pn>|N*r aiittuntinK officen* of the 
Tn-artirv. 

I'm 'I'M A KY FDiKoNHlBtUT^' oK OKFH'KICH. 

734. An otDi-er will have rreilit for an ex|N*nditun* of money maile in olwvllence 
tti th«* onler of hif* omimandinK offltvr. K%'er>' tmler ii«(ue«l hy any ndlitar>* author- 
ity whirli may imiiM* anex|N*nditun* of money in a Htaff defiartment will In* iriven in 
writinir. One iNipy then*«if will U* forwanh^fl hy tin* othtvr mvivinK it to the hf^il 
of hill d«*|«irtment, and the other will In* tileil hy the dii«lNin*inK otliit*r with hin 
viHi«*lH'r for the dij*liun«i'ment. If the ex|N*nditun* U* diMallowi*«i. it will In* rliaryevl 
t«i the ottiit'r who unlen^l it. 

73#. If a iNiyment In* made on the tvrtitit'ate of an ot!iet>r an t«i the faiiji if* aft4*r- 
wanln diMilloiii<il for emir of fact in the eertitii-ate, *t will inihh t4t the rn^lit of tin* 
dirtlNir>*inK ottii-er and In* ehanri*il to the otHivr who irave the ivrtitlcate; InU the dia- 
Irtiniiiiic otTivr 4*an not |>rot<Mi himm*lf in an t>mine«»iifi |NiynM*.it maile withiKit «liie 
can* l»y ehanrintr hu'k of irare aicainM the ottiivr who ipave the ivrtitittUe. 

All¥lNl«n'KATIVK K\AMIN%TloS «i»- VoS'KV %MiirN-n(. 

797. The chief of a iHinsau to which ai-eountu |w*rtain will catiM* eai*h aci^oimt rur- 
n*nt. with iti* aci^im|NUiyintr|Ni|N>ni, U* In* examine**! and tranMnitt(<i| !«• the Tri'amiry 
IV|NirtiiHMit. i»ith hit* de«'ii*ion indorfN*!! then*<iii, within nivty day* fnim theilateon 
wliii-li ••aril aiiiiunt nan r«^t*iv«*<l at hit* uttiiv. He will hrinir to tin* n«ili«v of the 
N*i-n-tar> nf War all matters of aniMint tliat n*i|uin'iir merit it. When a iniii|n*iii4«iii 
or ilii«illiiwaniv in nuule, thelHinvu will notify the olli«*«*r tliat he may liavi* an op|N»r- 
tunit) to f*ul>mit ex|ilanationii or take an apiNral tn the .St'n*tar>' of War 

73^. In 4-am* «if diM^iver«*il ernir or dii«illowaniv in an a^'cvHmt U|H»n itji etamina- 
tion hy the |»n»|ier authority, the oint*er ni*|ii>n»ihle will, u|ion notiticalion then-wif. 
unlepw aide t(» furnish e\ ii|i*nc*e toc«im'«*t or n*nio\e the •«ifiie, make the |in»|«*r4<«im««*- 
ti4in in lii»tH*xt aci^iunt 4*um*nt, aini n-fer ther«*in t<» the lairti^-ular voiM'lM-r in whi<*h 
the em If oceum^l <ir the 4lif«illiiwaiMi* wan maile. 



104 THK PUBLK^ PROPERTY. 

ABTICLE LIX. 

PrBMC ]*W»I»KKTY Aax>rNTABIM'n' AS1> KmPONRIRIU'n'. 

OBNEBAL PROVI8IONK. 

T39. Accountability and responsibility devolve upon any person to whom public 
pro|ierty m intrusted and who is required to make returns therefor. Responsibility 
without ac*countabiIity devolves upon one to whom such property is intnisted, but 
who is not nNjuireil to make returns therefor. Thus, with respect to quartermaster's 
supplies intrusted to a company or detachment commander, responsibility \mi not 
a(*conntability attac^hes. 

T40. The oftii^er in permanent or temporary crommand of a i>ost or station is 
responsible for the security of all public property of the command, whether in use 
or in store, and, although for purposes of perio<lical actvmntability to the War 
Department it may all have lieen officially receipted for by sulMirdinate officers, the 
commanding; otKuvr is nevertheless responsible and pe<*uniarily liable with them for 
the strict obser>'an<'e of the regulations in regard to its pres(>r>'ati(m, use, and issue. 
He will take care that all storehouses are properly giiardeil, that only reliable agents 
are employe<l, and only trustworthy enliste<l men are detailed for duty in them or in 
connei*tion with property. 

741. If an officer in diaige of the public property of a command (not properly 
pertaining to a i^ompany or detachment) is, by order, leave of absence, or any other 
(tmse se|iarated fnnn it, the i*ommanding officer, or an officer <lesignate<l by him, will 
receipt and aixHmnt for it. 

T49. If it l)ei*omes necessary to remove all officers from the change of public* 
property, the commanding officer will take measun^s to secure it and report the <*ir- 
ctmistances to the proper authority. 

743. A company or detachment commander is responsible for all public property 
pertaining to his company or detachment, and will not transfer his a4*countabiIity 
therefor to a HUirci^sHor during |)eriods of absence of less than a month unless so 
onlere<l by com|)etent authority; when such alwienci* cxchhnIs a month, the question 
of responsibility in settletl by the proiH»r authority. 

744. The officer in temi>orary or i>ennanent iH>mnkan<i of a com]iany or detach- 
ment is res})onMiblc for all public pn>i)erty use<l by, or in {Missession of the <H)mmand, 
whether he receipts for it or not. 

745. The pro|)erty rL*s}K>nsibility of a conqiany commander can not be transferred 
to enliste<l men. It is bis duty to attend p(»rs(mally to its mvurity, and to su})erin- 
tend issues liimM*lf or canst* them to bt» su|H*rinten<1ed by a <*ommission(^l officer. 

746. .\n otfiivr will ni»t when it can Ih* avoidtnl 1m* detaile<l for dutv which will 
seiiarate him fnun public pro|»erty for which he is ac*t*ountable. 

747. A transfer of public pro}M*rty involvt^s a change of }M>HB(*ssion and airiHinta- 
bility. The tranHferring offiivr, except in the niiHlical de}>artmcnt, will furnish the 
nnviving offiivr with invoices in dupli(*ate, a«vnrately enumerating the projjerty, 
and the latter will n*turn duplicate nn-eipts. The transaction will apiM*ar on the 
pn»|n»rty n'tunis n'mlennl by i»ach. 

74fl. When an otfii-er ti» whom ston's have lnH.*n forwardiNl U^lieves them to have 
mis(*arric*(l hi* will promptly infonn the issuing and forwanling officers. 

749. If an olfit-er to wli<»m public pn»|>erty has l>een transfern**! refuses to receipt 
for it« the invoicing offictT will n*|Mirt the fa4*ts to the conmianding offict*r of the 
fonuer for action. Copies of all |>a|i«*rs n*lating to the transaction will 1m* tile«l with 
hi." returns. 



THK PrBLIC PROPKRTY. 105 

Tft#. Tpon the n<<*ei|>t of |Hihlio |»ro|N*rty )»y an ofllivr lit* will tiiaki* (*an*fiil i*xaiii- 
inatiiiti to SM^eitain itK <|iuility and cHUKlitiiin, iHit will n(»t Im^ak orifdiial |«M*kaK«*H 
until iMmeH an* t4i lie nuule, unlew he lian reanon t4» lielieve tlie <Hmtenti« «U*f«Hiive. 
Shoukl he dii4co\'er defect or shortatre, he will apply for a lioanl <if miney to dt»ter- 
mine it and fix the nwiionHibility. Should he (*onMder the property unfit for iine, he 
will nibniit inventorieci in triplicate and re<|ueHt tlie action of an inH|ie<*tor. Tlie 
flame nile will lie oheer\*ed in refcard to |«(*kafreH when timt oiiene^l for iMme, and for 
property daniaiced or mianng while in iit4»re. 

T6I. When package** of fluppliefl are o|iened for the finit time, whether lietmiiite of 
apparent defect or for ianie, the offitvr reeiionmhle or mhuc other o>niniiM*ioned 
officer will lie pniient and verify the eontent« by actual weight, <*«>unt, or nieai^ire- 
nieni, ai* dnniinivtaoceH may rBquire, and in ctyte of deficiency or ilamage will make 
written report of the tectn to the pout (*«>mmantier. If only the offlrer rpH|ioni(ihle lie 
|iment aiMl make the report, he will iiecure the Hwom Ktatementi* in writing of «>m* 
or m(»n* (*iviliani« or enlisted men reganlingthe«*«inditiou of the pro|ierty when exam- 
ined. Hh(Hil<l a iMianI of mirwy lie <'onveni*tl, the |HN<t <*<»niinander will refer t«> it 
the reiMirt made by the examining ofAi'er, t4igi*ther with the »«wom KtatementK. At 
aiienali* and de|ioti« where there are iieraoiut whotte H|Mvial duty it ij« to rt*«vive and 
iarae |Miblit* ntore**, the re|iort<( herein re<|uin*<i may Im* made by tliem inittead t»f 
officen* of the Army. 

T69* The giving or taking of rei-eipti« in blank f<»r |mblie property in pfohiliited. 

m» SupplicK pnN-ure«i by one lMin«u will not l»e fumii«hMl to another, except 
by lipecial authority of the Sei*retar>' of War. When funiii«hed ami m(t4»r«d in kiml, 
they will 1m* deliveml at the |ioKt fmm which retviviHl, or at Mich other |MNit aa 
<lepartment rommanden* or chiefn of ImreauH coiifenied may <letermine. If the 
traDMction in lietw«vn two liureaunof the War lK*|iartment, fiayment will lie made 
at the nmtnu't or invoice price of the iiti»n*i«; when U*twe«*n a Imreau i>f the War 
Department ami any other Kxecutive IH*|iartment, the amount to lie paid will indwU* 
the ccmtraci or invoicv price and «*«M(t of tran}<|Hirtation. 

TM* In no cam* will mc«ni« of trani*|iortation or other pni|ierty <»f any bimnch of 
the military M*r\'ict* In* taken an a |iart of the mittit of mir\'eying or exploring ex|ieili- 
tUit» for which <*oiign*f«< haK nuule appnipriationn, with«Kit the exprenn auth«irity of 
tlie SeiTetar\- «»f War. 

• 

TM. When it in impracticable for an officer to |i4*n«»nally im|N»rintend liii* iMniii*— 
an may I** the him* with one cluirgetl with diftburyementi*. nr the can* of ile|Mitit — he 
nlioidd cIkhim* with gnmt caution tlH* agent to whom he intnii«ti« tht* duty. 

Tft#« The kcvf* of Hton*niomii or cluiiti* will not In* intnii<t«vl t4» enlii«t4*«l men or 
civiltaiii* withirtit gn<at vigilanct* on the |«irt of the acci>untable otflivr and a report 
to every n«i>oiiablc pn*caution. im'liKling fn'«|ii«>nt |icn«<»iial inf*|N*<iioiij«, t4> pn>veut 
Waw «ir damagi*. 

T67. .\n ottifvr in clmrvt* «*f |Miblic pn»|«erty in iim* t»T in i4i»n* will endeavor by 
timely n«|4iin* to ki^'p il in N*r\'i<*eable «*«»n4litioti. Ki»r thii* |KiqMM* the iieoMtary 
MK'afii'will U*alloii«<«l on n*«|uii*iti«»n,an«i pn»|N>rty in «4<»n* mi n*|iain*<i will lN*ii«uie4l. 

TftM. .\11 nii*vable |Hiblii* pro|«*rty will if pnM-ticable !■> c«infipicuotu*ly bran4k>«l 
"I*. K" U'fiin* U*ing um^I. 

TM. Publir pn»|M*rly will not In* iimmI nf»r will UU»r hin-vl for the tiovemment 
l«* einpli*\i<«l f>»r iiti> private |Mir]MM' »luitMw>ver. exivpt »■ iiiithorix«'«l in then* 
regulation^. 

TOO* y**r pro|«Tty ii«ini out in the |i<iblir mt^iiv the pn*liniiiuiry luiion of a 
lii«ml i»f Mir^ey t** ni»t ni^<i«f««ry. and the ai^'unntable i»rficer will i*ubniit invent4irirH 
thereitf atiil ank fi>r an infi|M<«iiir'* aiiiim Whrn the iMiifiu of a Uianl **( iMirvey and 



106 PROPERTY DAMAGED, LOST, ETC. REWARDB. 

an inspector are nect»KHar>', the inventory will lie ao<'oinpanitMl l>y a <*opy of the pro- 
ceedings of the Uianl. 

761. Military Htoren and puhlic* property condemned and onlere<l sold will Iro dis 
posed of for canh at amotion, or to the hii^hest bidder on sealeid proposals, on due 
public noti(!e, and in siicli market as the public interests may require. The officer 
making; the sale will suspend it when in his opinion better prices can lie obtained, 
ex(*ept in the (*ase of (H>ndenme<l animals, the disposition of which is provide<l for 
in paragraph 1150. The auctioneer's certified detailed account of the sale, and the 
vouchers for the expenses attending it, will be reported on the proper forms t(» the 
chief of the bureau to which the property pertained, and a copy of the au(*tion(*er's 
detailed ac(*ount of the sale will be furnished the Inspector-(ieneral. 

T69. Public property which has been condemned, or the issue price of which has 
been reduced by a board of survey, will not be purchase<l by an officer who was 
responsible therefor at the time of condemnation or reduction of price, nor by an 
officer who bore any part in such condemnation or reduction. 

PROPERTY DAMAGED, U)ST, DESTROYED, ETC. — RBWARDH. 

763. Causes (»f damage ti), and of loss and <lestruction of, militar>' property are 
classified as follows: 

1. Unavoidable («uses, lieing those over which the responsible officers have no 
control, occurring (a) in the ordinarj' course of servit'e, or (6) as incident to an ac*tive 
campaign. 

2. Avoidable causes, being those due to carelessness, willfulness, or neglec^t. 

764. Officers responsible for property will be charged foi* any damage to or loss 
or destruction of the same, and the money value deducted from their monthly pay, 
unless they show, to the satisfaction of the Secretary of War, by their own affidavits 
or certificates or by one or more depositions that the <1amage, loss, or destruction was 
occasioned by unavoidable itiuses and without fault or neglect on their part 

765. The proper officers to administer oaths in the administration of the affairs of 
the Anny (except when otherwise specially provided) are judge-advocates of depart- 
ments, judge-ad vo(*ates of courts-martial, the trial officers of summary i^ourts, and, 
in the cases of iMianls of sur\*ey, the recorders thereof, or, if there be no recorder, 
the president thereof. When none of these are within reach and available, recourse 
must Ih» had to a notary public or other civil officer competent to administer oaths for 
general pur|>oHes. 

766. If an article of public property be lost or <iamage<l by the neglect or fault of 
any officvr or soldier, he shall pay the value thereof, or the cost of refiairs, at such 
rates as a iM^arrl of sur>'ey may determine. 

767. The amount charged against an enlisted man on the }Miy rolls on a<xx>unt of 
loss or <lamage of or repairs to Government property shall not excee<l the value of 
the article or cost of reiMkirs; and such cliaiye will only l)e made on conclusive proof, 
and never without an inquiry, if the soldier demand it. He will lie infonneil at the 
time of signing the |)ay rolls that his signature will Ih^ reganUnl as an ac'knowledg- 
ment of the justice of the chaige. 

76l<l. When a <k»serter carries away public proi)erty, or when such projK^rty is lost 
through his desertion, its value will l>e detennineil by a iMianI of sur\'ey and charged 
against him on the next |)ay rolls as prescrilied in imragraph 127 of thes(^ nvulations. 

769. If articles of public pro|)erty are embezzltHl, or lost or damage<l through 
neglect, by a civilian employee, the value or damage as ascertainiMl (ami by a lK>ard 
of sur>*ey if necessary ) shall Iw cliaiyed to him and si't against any pay or money due 
him. 



RKWAKUH — PROPERTY ACCOUNTABILITY. 107 

TTO. Whent*vt>r infoniuUioii m n^ivivetl tkuit aniiimlH <»r oilier property U^long- 
inir to the military M*rvi<t* of the Tnited Stat4« an* unlawfully in the |MiHw>f«(ion of 
any pen«>n nol in the military Her\'i(^, the (|uarteniiatfter or other propter ottit'er 
will pHHiiptly cmiwe proceeiiinpi to Ik* instituted and dili|cently pniwMnited U*fi»re 
the rivil authoritien for the n*cover>' of the pni|M*rty, and, if the haum* lian .iet*n 
fit4>len, for the amtft, trial, <Hmvi(*tion, and ilue punishment of the offender and hin 
a(N'«»iiipU<t*K. 

7Y1. V\nm HatiHfart4»r>' infonnation tlmt mu*h United Stat<« property, unlawfully 
in the inwMfvion of any iiartiiv, ii« likely to U* taken away, ttinroaled, or othennim* 
dii<|MN4e<l of liefore the niHVHNary prfK\*e«lifi)rH tun lie luul in the civil trilHinab* for itn 
nxxkver}', the |MM<t or detai*liment (x>mnian<ler will at omv <*aa»ie the same U* lie Heiied, 
aiMl will hold it Kubie(*t to any leical prueeedin|p« tliat may lie iiiKtituted by other fiar- 
tjcw. IVn^oni* caiiicht in the aet of stealing |Hihlio property will bemimmarily am*Hteil 
by the tnM»|*i and tumeil over to the eivil authoriti»i for trial. 

YY)I. Quartemia«(teni, after they have faile<i to get po meum on of a lost or itt4>len 
animal by tlu* onlinar)' mt«ni«, may authorize the payment of a n*wanl of not more 
than 125 fi»r itit nn'vivery. If the animal hai* been Htolen, they may offer an a«lditioiial 
rewanl of like aintHmt for eaeh |>enion antfuteil, tri(*<l, t^>nvicte<l, ami m'UtemiiHl for 
the theft 

779. The ex|ienM*»( nettwnanly incurrrd by any aiiion under the thn^e preee<liii|c 
parBfnaplii«, with the exoe|»tion of attorney's fees, will lie paid by theQuarteniuuiter'H 
Department, u|M>n prr>per vouchers approvetl by the department c«>mmander. Otll- 
i^ern will pn>m|»tly report their action t4) department heaiUiuarten*. 

PROPBirrr ACOOrNTABIUT^-. 

774. All public pn»|K*rty. whether paid for or not, mu>«t N* a4*c«Kmt4^1 for on the 
pn»|M*r retuniM. 

775. An i»(li(vr aix*ountable for the public pro|)erty of two or more cf»m|«iniei* will 
arc(»tmt for tliat |M*rtaininx t4> each, except <jiuirtentiaHterV Hupplien, on a M*|iarate 
n*tnni. 

776. Aci-ountability ft>r |Hiblic pn>|ierty will not Im* trani>fem*<l t(» enliitted men, 
extvpt to m'rveants of the |MM«t noncommiMHione<l ntaff at uninirriMineil |MHitji and N*r- 
IceantK of tin* Siirnal (*or|*i or enlii<t4^1 men acting as such. 

777* ViHM'hen* for iM<iief« or exi>enditure«iof pn>perty not authoriscvl by nvulations 
will Im* ai*i*ofn|«uii(*d by «'<»pieit (»f the onlen* din*<*ting the it**ueti or expenditures. 

77tl. An otii«vr will liavccn^lit for an ex|N*nditun* of pn>|H*rty nuule in oliedienoe 
ti> the onler of his <^immanding ofAivr. If the ex|ienditun* is dimllowetl, it will lie 
rharKi*il to thf otfi«vr who orilere<l it. 

779. I*iiblic pro|jerty cx|N*ndcr<l, l«ist, or destn>yed in the military- st*r\'ice must lie 
aocount4<il for by alHdavit, or the ivrtifitrnte (»f a c«»nkmii«non«*il titfi<vr, or other satis- 
fBct4»r\' evideniv. 

• 

7fl#. \Vh«*n an t*nlist4vl man lias, by a ciKirt-martial, iM-^^n «'onvi(i«'<l of liM*iiig or 
ilamaging public pro|ierty. the otiicer m*|M>nsible for tlu* pro|ii'rty will si*nd with his 
pni|M«rty r«*tuni a i-^'nitic*!! «iopy of so mik*h of the nHirt-martial onb- r as n*ffn* to tin* 
ran*, iri^iiiir numU^r, «late, and phut* i»f iimie of the onler, and utating «in the fa^v of 
sakl o*py the nil Is on which tlH* clianri^ an* iitaile. 

7tll. Should an ittTuvr or agitit of the <io\i*niment chann**! with |Kiblic pn*iN*rty 
fail t(» n*tidt*r the pnwriU*il retiirns then*of within a n*asi»iiabl«* time, a i«>ttleiiientof 
hisaci^Mints will U* maiie by the pni|N*r Ismmu of the War lH*|«rtnient, an«i the 
OMiney \aluc of the pni|i«*rty with i»hich he is charge^l will U> n-imrtc*!! against him 
for stop|«ge. 



108 PROPEKTY R>mTKNrt- LANDS AND BUTLDINGfl. 

7fl9. AH n»tiinis of ntorpH or siipplu'H will Ih» reiulercHl a^ rtHiiiirtsI by rofirtilatianfl 
oronlerH. Thotw of mihHiHtiMHv ntiin'H aiul HutiniHtoiKv i»ro(H'rty will U* fitrwanleil 
within ti'ii (lavH after the expiration of the accounting {teriodi^, ami thoM* of otiier 
claHMw of Htoren and property within twenty dayp, to the chiefH of biireauH to whi(*h 
they pertiiin. Abetrai*t« of pun'haees will l)e forwanle<l with the money a<t*oiintH. 

ADMINIHTRATIVB EXAMINATION OF PROPERTY- RETl'RNK. 

TUSI. As Hoon t» poHsible after the receipt of a return by the proper chief of Imreau, 
it will lie examined in hjt* office^ and the officer makiii)^ the return will 1h> notifiini of 
all errom and irrefcularitieH found therein and (granted thr(*e months to <H>rn.vt them. 
SuHpeiiHioiifl or diMallowani*e8 will not be made on a<H*ount of Hli);ht informalitieH which 
do not affe(*t the validity of a voucher, but the otti(*er*H attention may lie calleil to 
them. Whenever the erroru have been correcte<l or compeiiHation ban l)een made for 
deficient articlen, and the a(*tioii of the bureau chief in HUHtaine<1 or ino<lifie<l by the 
Secretary of War, the return will be regarded sm mii{U*<\j and the otfitvr who rendered 
it will l)e notifliMl ac*<*ordinf;ly. 

7li4. If the necesKary correctionn in the return Ix'^nof made within the prewTibecl 
time the facti« will Ik? reported to the Se<*retary of War. When it hatt lxH*n deter- 
mined that the money value of the pni}ierty for which an oflifvr hai* failed to account 
Hhall lie refumied to the United StateH, the hicin will \w t^rtitied to the Auditor for 
the War I)e}>artmeiit by the proper chief of bureau. 

ABTICLB TiX. 

LaNDH, BriLDINGH, AND IXPROVEMENTH. 

Yil5. Land Hhall not Ix^ punrhased for the United Staten ex<>ept under an act of 
Congrew authorizing the purchase, nor Hhall public money beexpende<l for the erec- 
tion of annorieH, arnenaU*, fortn, fortiiicati(mH, or pennanent buildingn of any d(*9erip- 
tion thereon, until the written opinion of the Attorney-General nhall have beeii 
obtained announcing the validity of the title thereof in the Government, nor, if the 
land be within any State, until jurindiction over it Hhall have been cede<1 to the Uniteci 
States by the leginlature of the State, or HU(*h cennion of jurisdictitm nhall have lieen 
exprewly waive<l by Oongrew. 

79I6. All paperH relating to the WaHhington Atiueduct and public buildingu and 
grrmndn in the I)i!4tri<*t of Columbia will U' tile<1 in the ofK(v of the Uhief (»f Rngi- 
neen'. All other dtHMln and paiM'rH (lertaining to the title or nale of, and any leaM>, 
grant, license, or eanement of, u|Nm, or over any military rei!<cr\'ation or other laiidn 
under the jurisdiction of the Wau* I)e|»artment will lie file<1 in the office of the Judge- 
Ad vocate-Cicneral. When any Huch iMipern come into the }>o8Heivion of any bureau 
they Hhall within five <layH thereafter lie trannferrecl to the office of the Judge- 
Adv<H'ate-< ieneral. 

7M7. IVmianeiit military buildingH will liei-onHtnicttMl only under H}>i*i!ial author- 
ity grantt'd by an act of Uongrenn, unletw the work or laUir connect«Hl therewith is 
pi^rformtHl by troo]M«, and in Huchcane the authority of (\mgn*HH must firnt lM*obtaine<l 
if the estimat(*<l nint of the building or ntnicture exct^t'ilM $20,()(N). 

7MM. IVrnianent liarnu*kH, i|uarters, or (»ther buildingH, or piern or wliarven, will 
not Ih» erei*t4»<l i»r 4*onHtructcHl ex<vpt by the onlcr of the Secr»»tary of War, and in 
at'i'onlaiKv with plann appn»ved l»y him; nor will any material alteratioiiH l>e made 
in public buildingH unU^HH like authority in first obtaine<l; nor will any ex})enditureB 
ex<v<*ding$-'i4N) U* made u|M>n any building or grounds at any \Htti{, fort, arsenal, or 
dc}iot >aithout the approval of the S4H^n*tary of War and uinui dctaile<1 estiiiiateH 
Kibniitt4'<l to him. 

7M9. A copy of the plat of the lands at each }HiHt, fort, arsenal, and de|Mit, fur- 
uiMhii} innn tht^ ;»roj>er bureau, will U» irarefully pn»serve<l in the otfitv of the coin- 
nmtnlina ntVuiT. 



m»ARIM OK SURVEY. lOi) 

ABTICLE LXI. 

BOAKIW f»P St'KViCY. 

K Public proiierty whk*h \nm \ieen dmnumped, ex<v|>t by fair wear anil ik*mr, or 
ill iinmiitabU* for the wr\'icv, before lM*ing mibtnitted to an inH|)e(*t4>r for i*<»n<leniJia. 
tion, will lie exaniineil by a Ixianl of Kur>*ey. By onler of the ooniniandintr ofHtvr, 
public* aniinain niay lie killed to prevent (*onta(non or t4*nninate mifferinir; t^Iothinic 
infect4*<l with contagi'Hifi diM'aHe, ami i«t4)nt« that have U*<*onie ho deteriorattMl aj* to 
en(langi>r health or injiirt* other f«ton*i«, niay U* 4leiitn>yc«il; iHit in ever>* cane of thin 
nature a l>oanl of Hur\'ey i>tuill art, ami an invent4»r>' anfl inniieciion re|M>rt nitrn^l by 
theMH'vnuitiible an<l cvininiantlinK otHivrv will U' prepan*cl and forwanle<l. In unrent 
caeei* the taking of prrM»f and the pre|iaration of writt4*n pnK^eedinipi by the Umni 
may follow the d<f(tnu*tion of the pn>p«*rty. 

7#1. A iMMinl (»f Hur>'ey will lie cvIIihI by the «'oniniandinir otllt*er of the reinnK*nt, 
imlependent Imttalion. |MN«t, or Htation. Sneli UianlH may, however, lie t'onvenedby 
the roniniandinK offltvr <if a ile|iartnient, an anny mrpH, division, or briicade. It 
will lie i*oni|M«4e«l of thnt* o(H(*en*, excluhive of the (*onniiandinir offloi*r and thfine 
whoan> inter(*Rt4*<l, if that numlii*r lie present fur duty; otherwine, of an many ai« are 
BO prcHent, exrluinvi* of the <*onimandinK and interextnl otiitvn*; or if none Init the 
4'oninuindinK ofiici^r and inten*t*te«l ofH<viH W pn^t^ent for duty, then of the i*om- 
mamling ollitvr. When only the nv|iom(ible or interv»<t4*d ot!ict*r in pri'sent, he will 
not c<inj<titute hiniMdf a lM«inl of mirxey, but will fumii«h the next higher comnuuider 
aiithoriietl to mnvene Hueh Uianln bin ivrtiticate of fa4*t« and <-in*tm)iitanc*(*H, mip- 
ported by the tetitinKiny of witneiM*!*, or by the afAdaviti* of enliitte«l men or <»thent 
who are ciignizant thereof. Should the (*aM* thm* pn-iiented not W eonHidereti -mtw- 
facifiry, or in a ivjh* in whi<*h only interert«*<l ofHcen< with opfMiHing intenittj* are 
prenent for duty at the |MM<t or Htation, the next higher eonimander authoriit^l to4*on- 
vene iNHirdnof Hur\'ey may make the iiet'eHNiry inventigatifin. In i'mmrt* wlM*re the 
property in <|Uif«tion ban U-en pn*vi«>UHly ai*t«'«l u|Min by a Imanl of mir^'ey, the oriier 
«<v»nvening thi* iMianl will ho Htate. ami reipiire that the pnieeetlingH of any pn*viouii 
Imanl or lM«nlH Im* n>nHi<lered. 

7#ti. Commanding o(tbi*n( of regimenti* or He|«irat4* Ittttalioiu* Her\'ing in the Aeld 
ami cvYmmamlerH of divinionH and n*|«irate brigaib-H have the tmniv |iower to (*onvetie 
boanlH of Htir>'ry and to a4*t on their pnie(*e«lingH an an* venteil in th«> mmnuuidiug 
offi(<eni of |KNitH by thene Kegidatifinn. 

7#3. A Uittnl of Hiir>'ey munt fully inviftigatc* nuittt^rn Hiibmitted to it. It will 
call f«»r all 4'vi«Ii'mi* attainable, and will not limit itn impiirieH to proof** or Htatinnenta 
pren*nt«*«l by |«rti«*H in intf*ni>t. It will rigidly Hi*nitinijM* the evidemv. i«H|ienally 
in cmMv of alliyi**! thvft or «>mlierzlfment. and will not ninimmend th«* n'lief of 
offi<vr« <tr wildicn* from n*H|MinHibility unit*!* fully f«tiH(i«*d that tlifw* cluirgeal with 
thet-ari'Mf pn>|N>rty haM* |ii*rfonm^l tb«*ir Hholf duty in n*ganl to it. In no«raHe, 
howfV«*r. Hill tb«* n*|iort of a lii«nl tmkv tb«* pla«v of thr fvidrmv n'<i|uir«*il in |wra- 
grmph 7«i4. 

Y94. Till* |mn\ n'ri|M»tiHiblf f«ir tin* prt»|H*rty to U* Hiir\-rv*^l will in all t-mmf fur> 
ni»b till* iifiginal tiTtitU-atifi or all)ilavit«t or the tif*timtin> iif tin* mitm'HMv ti|M»n 
Hhicb Im* n'liff* u* rt'lirw him from reH|ionHibility and tbi* numU*r of duly atttviti^l 
«^tpi«^ iif Minb atliilavitr* or ivrtitb-at*** th«'r«<i»f n«<|mn*d by a Uianl <tf Mirwy to 
Ntniimiittii) it.o ppH '•••«• lingf*. 

Y#«(. A Uianl of tinr\«*y ba^ no |Miiit*r li* sKlniini«l«*r ««ithN tti itn m«-mU*rH. hIhi 
m t iiiitlff iIm* *«ihi-tion (»f tlifir ««itbH of uttii't*. It •liotrM himr in |i«*n«th **r b« d«'|M»- 
oiti'tu ull |H'r«tii« fiMK-vnii^l in tb<* f(ubj<<«-t*miitta-r liffon* it. 



110 BOARDS OF SURVEY. 

T96. The recorder or, if there be no recorder, the premdent of a board appointed 
to conduct an inveetigation under the authority conTerre<l by section 183 of the 
Revised Statutes (act of March 2, 1901) has authority to a<lniinister an oath to any 
witness attending to testify or depose in the course of such investigation. 

T97. A boanl of survey i^an not condemn public property. Its action is purely 
advisory. It is called for the purpose of ascertaining and reporting facts, subniitting 
opinions, an<l mak: g recommendations upon questions of responsibility which may 
arise through acindent, mistake, or n^lect. For example, it investigates and deter- 
mines questions involving the character, amount, and cause of damage or deficiency 
which public property may have sustained in transit, st4)re, or use, and which is not 
the result of ordinary wear and tear of the 8er\'ice, and reports the investigation 
made, its opinions thereon, and fixes responsibility for such damage or deficiency 
upon the proper party. It makes inventories of property ordered to be abcmdoned 
when the articles have not been enumerated in the orders for abcmdonment. It 
recommends the prices at which damaged clothing may be issued and the proportion 
in which supplies shall be issued in consequence of damage or deterioration that 
renders them, at the usual rate, unequal to the regulation allowance, fixing in each 
instance responsibility for actual condition. It verifies the discrepancy between 
invoic*es and the actual quantity or desc*ription of property transferred from one 
oflicer to another, fixes definitely amounts received for which the receiving ofiicer 
must receipt, and ascertains, as far as possible, where an<l how the discrepancy has 
occurred. It inventories and reports the condition of property in the possession of 
deceased oflicers as provided for in paragraph 97. 

Y99. The proceedings of a board of survey will be prepared in triplicate and 
signed by each member who concurs in the finding. Should a member not concur, 
he will submit a minority report, to be embodied in the record immediately after the 
majority report and signed by the dissenting member. The proceedings will then 
be subniitte<l to the convening authority for approval or disapproval. 

T99. When the value of the property submitted for survey or the loss or <iamage 
to be in<|uired into does not ex(*eed $500, and the interested officer does not request 
the department <H)mmander'H action, the proceedings of the board will lie considered 
complete, for submission as a property voucher, upon the approval of the I'onvening 
authority. One copy will then be fon%'arded to department headquarters and the 
others delivered to the ofiicer accountable. 

HOC. Should the procee<lings l)e disapproveil by the convening authority, or 
should the value of the property submitted for survey or the loss or damage to be 
inquired into exceeil $500, or, whatever the amount involved, shouhl the officer 
[tetniniarily interested request it, the procee<1ings in tripli(*ate will t)e fon^^arded to 
the next higher conmiander authorize<l by paragraph 791 to (*onvene boanis of sur- 
vey for n»view, and with his action are complete. One copy will then be filed at 
de|iartnient heailquarters and the others sent to the accountable officer. But all 
pHK^eeclingH of boanis of Hur\*ey, whatever their natun* or the amounts involvwl, are 
subjivt on call to tlie approval or disapproval of the next higher <*omniander author- 
i7.e<1 t4> convene such Uianls, or such other a(*ti(m cm his part as tlie merits of the 
cam* or the interests of the (tovemment may in his opini<m re<iuire. 

MOI. The pnM*e(MlingHof a Utanl of survey which nMnmnnends the n»lief of offi(*ers 
and enlistiil nien fn>ni n*H]M»nHibility shouM not \n* appn)ve<1 unU*8H full and careful 
investigation and c<mvincing pnH>f to sustain the Ukanrs findings appear. 

MOtl. l*ro|H*rly approvc*<i prrK'eeilings of Uiartls of sur^'ey may U* submitte<l as 
vouchers to pro|K*rty n*turns. They are not to Ik* tHnisidennl as <*onclusive until 
aiHvpt«Hl by the St»<Ti»tary of War. Tntil then they are to U* n»ganl«*<l Hiinply as the 
opinionr' and recommendations of disintereste<l otHivrn, to aiil in the H(*tt lenient of 



\ 



BOARD8 OK SURVEY. Ill 

qoesCioiw of aavMintahility lietween the Gowmment and the inflivi<lualK concerDed. 
If, on exmminmtinn in the proper humu, they exhihit nerioun errrorn or deftniii 
either of inve^gmtion or of finding, they will n<»t In* accepted an mifllcient voiu*heni, 
and the officer milnnitting theni will l)e duly notifinl, that he niay liave opportunity 
to make explanationa or appeal to the Secretary of War. 

tl#S. At |Mii(tit or Ktationn not under the control of de|)artnient c^oniniandeni com- 
nianilin); offlcent will lie governed by thene n-gtilAtioni* in <x>nvening iMianln of mirvey 
and aiiing upon their pruceedingn, Ixit in (^asen referreil to in paragraph KOl) will for- 
wanl tho (lapeni to the chiefit f»f bureauK to which the pn»|ierty pertainn. 

fl#4. Separate pniceedingB of boanlM of twn'ey will lie hail for each Ktaff dejiart- 
nient con<*emed. 

fl#6. Whem*ver a Uianl rBcotumendn a ntoppage against an enlinted nuui and the 
rproninH*n<lation ii* approved, the convening authority will iyuih* a copy of the pro- 
ceedingn to W* fumiiiliwl Ut the company commander, who will charge the amount 
on the next pay rolln of the com|MUiy. 

fl0#« If an tnflpe<*tion of property follows the aciion of a Iraanl of mirvey then*on, 
one ci>py of the proceeding!! will accimipany the inventory and inspection report 
which w tranmnitted for appnn'al, and will afterwanln lie retume«i to be ukmI an a 
%*(Hicher t4» the officer's retuma, and another, with the inventory and inspection 
report, will lie filed by the officer with his retaine«l papers. 

U%7» For private pn>perty of officen* or enlisted men lost or destroye<l in the mil- 
itary service with<iut fault <»r negligem'e on the part t»f the claimant, *' where the 
private pn)|ierty so Umt or deatroyed was ship|ie<l f>n iMiard an nnscaworthy vessel 
by (»rder of any offict*r authoriae<l to give such onier or dinH*t such shipment," or 
"where it ap|iean« that the loss or destruction of the private property of the claim- 
ant was in ci»nse(|uenc(* of his having given his attention to the saving of the pro|»- 
erty U*loiiging to the Tnited States m'hich was in flanger at the same time an<l under 
similar rinnifiistances," c*ompensation may l»e iiiaile under the pn>visions of the act 
of (V)ngnMi appn>ved Man*h 3, 1885. IVoceivlings of a iMianI of survey will, if |ios- 
sil»le, accom|«ny eai*h application umler this ai't, showing fully the circumstances 
attemiing the Uwm. All perw»nal pn»|ierty f<»r the 1<m«« or destnM'tiim of which pay- 
ment is claimed must lie enumermteil and descrilNnl in the proceerlings of the boanl 
of sar\'ey. iNit the finding of the Isiani will rec(Hnmen«l |iaynu*nt for only such arti- 
cles as, in the f»pinion of the iMianI, were reas(»nable, useful, m<ceM«ry, and pn>per 
for the claimant t4» Imve in the |Kibli«' ser\*i(v in the line of duty. 



112 CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES. 

ABTICLB TiXTT. 

Civilian KMPi>(>YEE8. 

(}ENEKAL PROVI8ION8. 

HOfl. In the Htaff corps and departnientt* the eniploynient of civilians will l)e reg- 
ulate<1 by the respective chiefn of bureaus under the direction of the Secretary of 
War. Those whose services are engaged with the intention or probability of retain- 
ing them for more than three months are classified as pt^rmanent employees. Their 
appointment, dismissal, promotion, or reduction will be made, under the supervision 
of the respective chiefs of bureaus, by the officers employing them, except as con- 
trolled by statute or the civil-service rules; but in selections for such employment 
preferem*e will be given, as far as practicable, to applicants who have served merito- 
riously as enlisted men in the Army, and the appointments and promotions of all 
permanent employees, except mechaniiv, laborers, teamsters, an<l others of similar 
or kin<lre«l occupations, will be subndtted for the approval <»r confirmation of the 
Secretarv of War. 

II09. The clerks and messengers auth<»rized by the &ct of Congress of August 6, 
1894, will \te employeil and apportione<l to the several heatiquarters and stations by 
the Secretarv of W^ar, and will not l)e ordered thence without his authoritv. All 
messenger service at the several department headquarters, except for staff oflioera 
not &««igne<l to the department staff, and, as far as practicable, all clerical services 
thereat, w^ill l)e performed by this clasn of employees. 

HIO. I)ei>artment commanders will (*onfine expenditures for civilian employees 
within the allotments for the purpose made under the direction of the Secretary 
<»f War. 

Sll. Civil engineer?, clerks, inspec*tors, storekeepers, packers, watc*hmen, mes- 
sengers, teamsters, mei'hanics, and laborers will, as a nile, \ye engagtnl by the month, 
day, or piece, and paid at the end of each calendar month. They wmII l>e designated 
upon the rolls in the t*a|)acity in which employe<l an<l at the rates established. 
When disc*haive4l and not paid, certified statements will l>e given them. 

H 19. Kight hours constitute a day's work for all in4*i*lianics and lalK>rers employed 
by or on l)ehalf of the rnite<l States, except in cases of emeiyency. This rule does 
not extend to engint*ers, firemen, seamen, watc*hmen, messengers, teamsters, and 
others, the naturt* of whose employment is peiMiliar an<l whose* 8ervi«»s may l)e neces- 
san* at anv or (MH*asionallv at all hours of the dav. 

TKAVKLINC} EXPENSES. 

91 13. For authorized journeys of civilian employet^s of any branch <»f the military 
s(*r>'i<v trans]M>rtation requests will l)e obtainiHl when practicable, but will In> obtained 
in everv case for travel over lNmd-aide<l niiln)a<ls. 

M14. Keiiiibursement of a^'tnal ex|)enses when traveling under nun fH^tent onlera 
will W allow(><l, under the f<»llowing heails, to civilians in the employ of any branch 
of the military ser^•ict^ excepting the exjiert aivountant of the lnsjHMi«)r-(Tenerir8 
IViiartment. fiaymasters* clerks, and tluisi* mentione<l in the next miiM^iHiling |iarft- 
graph, vi/.: 

1. Cost (»f traiiHiN>rtatii»n (excluding |Mirlor-4*ar fanO (»ver the sliort<>st usually trav- 
eUnl route, when it was impracticable t(» furnish tranH[¥>rtatif»n in kind on transi¥>rta- 
ti<»n n'<juestH. 

2. C4»st of transfers t4» and fmm railroail stations, not e.xceeiliii^ rm iiMits I'oreairh 
transfer. 



CIVILIAN EMPL0YEK8. 113 

3. i.\wi of one climble berth in a sleeping car, or customarr irtatenMim accommoda- 
tion on iMiatM ami Kteamem when extra chaiKe is made therefor. 

4. CoHt of niealii not exceeding |3 per day while en nmte when mealu are not 
include'l in the transportation itre paid; and not exceeding |3 |wrday for meals and 
IfMlgings (luring necenary delay en roote. 

•S. CoKt of meals and lodgings not exceeding $3 per day while on duty at places 
dn(ignat4*d in the onlerw for the performance of temporar}' duty. 

914. Laliorers, teamsters, and employees of similar character, traveling under 
competent orders, will lie entitled to such actual and necet«ar>' expenses of travel and 
subsistence as may lie authorixed by the chief of Imreau which pays the accoonta. 
Th<H«e in receipt of a ration under paragraph 1378 will not be allonred iximmutation 
theref<ir. If it be impracticable for them tf> carry rations in kind, rations will not be 
drawn for the periiwl during which they are traveling. 

fll#. None iNit the authoriied items of traveling expenses of civilians will be 
allowe«l. They will in all cases be set forth in detail in each voucher for reimburm* 
ment supi>ortt«<il by <«ith and, when practicable, by re<<eipts. 

HI Y. C(»mnmtation of rations and other allowanc^es for the subsistence of civilian 
«uployevs hereinbefore provided, cease upon the arrival of the employees at the 
destination mentioned in their orders for travel; they must then subsist on their 
rations, if entitled to th«*m, or provide for their subsistence (»ut of their regular pay. 

fun. Paymasters* clerks and the expert ac<!ountant of the Ins|)ector-<ieneral*a 
I)e|iartment when traveling on duty will, when transportation in kind can not bm 
fumishe«1 by the Quartermaster's Department, lie n^imliurseil for <Njst of transporta* 
ti(»n |«iid by them exclusive of parlor or sleeping car fares or transfi ra, and wil! 
receive in addition thereto, for all travel whether or not on trans{Mirtation re(|ueflta, 
fiMir cents per mile for each mile necessarily traveleil by them in the performance of 
duty; distance* to lie <H>mputed over the shortest usually tra\'eled route. 

fll9. .\ctiuii traveling expenses, as c^tmtemplateti in the preceding paragraplis, are 
paid by the following de|iartments, vis: 

/Viy lirftarimrfU. — To paymasters' clerks, tlie exfiert aixxHintant of the Ins|iector- 
tteneraPs I)e|iartment, civilians summone«l as witnesses liefore, and authoriied 
reporters of, military' c«Kirts. 

fPnifytnrf Ikjtarimrnt. — To employees at arsenals and armories ( cost of transportation 
incliulefl) fn»m appmpriations for the servi<v of the Onlnancv I)e|iartment 

Kngiturr Ifrjftirlmrul. — To (employees on public works ami fortifications (a sit of 
transportation inrliHle<l) fn>m appropriati<ms made specifically for the work. 

i^mriermaMrr* $ liqMtrfmml. — To employ«<es <»f the Quartermaster's and Hubsistemi* 
Departments, and other empl<»ye«« of the Army not almve provided for. 

ti9#. When oAivrs of the staff de{«rtments cliangi* station the transfer of rlerka 
or other employees t(» the new stations at the ex|iense f»f the Tniteil States is prw 
hilHt<«il, except in tasrs of urir(*nt necesrity, for whi(*h the san<*tion of the He<*retary of 
War will U* first olvCained. The Pay Department is excvpled from this rsgulatioD- 

281»— 02 8 



114 STAFF ADMINISTRATION. 

ABTICIiB LZm. 

Staff ADMiNifrrRATiox. 

891 • The fmpply, payment, and recniitment of the Amiy, and the <lirection of 
the expenditures of the appropriations for its support, are liy law intrusted to the 
Secretary of War. He exercises control through the bureaus of the War I>epart- 
ment He detemuncs where and how particular supplien nhall lie pun;liased, 
delivered, innpected, stored, and distributee!. 

. Il9!i. When a chief of bureau of the War I>eiiartnient denin^H to change the ntation 
of an oHicer or enlinted man of his deftartment, or t4> Hen<l him on duty (leculiar 
thereto (except in canenof ofii(*erH employe<l under the appropriation for the impmve- 
ment of rivers and hartiora) , he will make application for authority to <lo ho through 
the Adjutant-General of the Army, setting forth the. reasons for the change or the 
purpoee of the journeys. 

II93. The assignment to stations of staff ofticers aii<l of enlisttnl men of the staff 
departments will ])e made by the Secretary of War in onlers fn>m the Heatlquarters 
of the Army, or by department couunanders acting under the s|)ecial authority of 
the Se(*retary of War. In the case of me^lical officers, the Surgeon-Creneral, in rec- 
ommending (*hanges of stations, will designate the posts or stations to which he desires 
assignments to be made. The removal of an officer from the station to which he has 
been assigne<l by the Secretary of War will not he made ])y deimrtment commanders, 
except in cases of urgent necessity when time will not admit of first obtaining 
authority therefor from the Secretary of War; in such cases prompt rejwrt will be 
made to the Adjutant-General of the Army. 

894. When business upon which a board of officers is to be assembled is solely 
within the sphere of duty of a particular staff department, and the members thereof 
are to be selected from the same, the chief of such department will (^11 the board if 
it is to meet at a iM)st or station under his imme<liate control an<l is to l>e composed 
only of offic^ers serving thereat; otherwise the order appointing it will be issued by 
direction of the Secretarv of War. 

895. Copies of all important (communications fn»m a bureau of the War I>e|)art- 
nient to a disbursing offii^er on the staff of a department comman<ler, which (*oncem 
ser\-ice in such department, will l>e sent direc't to the <lepartment <»ommander. 

1196. Staff offi(*ers assigne«l to the command of an offiicer are under his su()er\'ision 
and contrc») in all matters i>ertaining to or affecting the c<»mmand which an* not 
specially ex(repte<l therefnmi by the regulations or oniers of the War IVpartment. 

fl97. Commanders of defiartments, in onler to avoid unneci'ssary clerii»l lalior 
and an'umulation of jtapers, will call uixm <ifficers under their onlers for tmly such 
al)stnu'ts or r(*{N»rts, in a<ldition to those retiuired by n^gtilaticms, as may 1)e nee<led 
for projHT administration. 

fl9fl. Commanding officers will cause n'tunis, nHiuisitions, and i'stimutt^s in^rtain- 
ing to their nvjMvtive i^ominands to Ih» promptly ma<lc and forwanlinl. 

II99. Otliivrs doing duty as staff offiivrs at military {xintH will submit their esti- 
mates and n>(|uisiti(ms for HU])plies, pn)i)erty, and money to their iinmc<iiate <'<mi- 
manding otruvrs for n'visittn and approval, who will carefully examine t>r<timat«•^< and 
nH|uiHiti(»nr<. and sjitisfy themselvt*s that immey or articles usknl for art* in amount, 
<|uantity,and kind ai'tually re*|uinNl for the public «»rvicc« luring the |H»riiMl <*«»vere<l. 

II30. Th(* chief (»f ea4*h branch of the staff of anv coiniuand will can>fullv n*vise 
the «*stimateH and ntpiisitions for money and supplies for th(> command in ho far as 
his iHirticiilar bnuich is n>ncenie<i. lie will a<«c«'rtain ami ni-oiiimcnd the rhca|Kt«t 
markets an<l m<M e<H>uomical route>: of tranH|H»rtatioti. Such otruvr^ will nH*eive 



ADJUTANT-GKNKRAl/s DKFARTlfKIiT. 115 

from tht*ir coinnuuMlen timely iniitnirtionj* ait to all <^mtenipUtefl iii(»vi*tiu'iit»( <»( 
troopn and ai* Ui any probable incraaite or diminiiti<»n of tlit* fcarriiMm at any fiartUHilar 
pout, that a pn)per and et'onomical diilnhution of mippliH* may U* made. 

118 !• Officem of the Ktaff departmentii awdgwid to the rhaiKe of general de|M)tii, or 
to the duty of |mn*ha«ih|c mippliea for tnM)|Mi n<»t included in the military <ie|Mirtment 
in which tht*y are KHmted, will Hubmit to the department ecMumander mirh t*xtimat4*fi 
onlv ai« relate to the f«ervi(v under hii* command. In all other matten« thev will 
communicate directly with the chiefe of their bun*Hti}«. 

fl8^ It ii« the duty of comnumding ofllivrn to tMifonv rigid «n'«>noniy in public 
ezjieiuipit, and to cornvt all irregularity and extravagamv which they may <liHi*over; 
t4>fiei* that di^burwmentK are ecYmomiimlly iiuulc, and tliat public pn>iH*rty ix pn>- 
tecte«l; to tmrefully Hcnitinize all contra<*ta and vouchern for dinburMement^, and to 
guar^l the public intereiftn in ever}' particular. 

ABTIOUt LXIV. 

Aixiitant-<tknbkal*h Dbpartmknt. 

MM. Tlie AdjutJUit-<reDeral*f( Dejiartment in the bureau (»f orden* and nM*i»rili$ of 
the Annv. 

Onlem and ini<truc*tionB emanating from the War IH*partment or Anny lleailquar- 
tent and all general regulationn are €*«>mmunicat4*d to tnM»iii« an<l individualu in the 
militar}' Her%'i<'e tbroiigh the A<ljutAnt-<Teneral. \\h* offict* it* the n*iMiKit^>r>' for the 
rec(»nlK of the War I>e|«rtment which relate to the pen«onnel of the |N*nnanent mili- 
tary <<!<tabliFhment and militia in the wrvii^e of the Tniteil States, to the militar>' 
hl4orv of cver>' (*«»nimiM«ioned officer and M>ldier there<if, and to the movenu^ntK and 
ofieration of tnM»{«i. 

The miinb* of all ap|M»intmentJ«, prnmotionn, n*»*ignatioiii«, dcathH. and other {"wni- 
altitv in the Anny, the prefiaration and diKtribution of ctmimiwiom*, and the t'ompi- 
lation and ijwie of the Army Kegii^r and of infonimtion (Nmtvming examinjtti<»nff 
for ap|iointmcnt and prom<»tion, |M*rtain t^> the .\djutant-<tenerarH Ofllcv. 

The Adjutant-^ tf neral in charged, under thediriMiion of the Secretarj- of War, 
with the managt*ment <»f the n<«*niiting m*r>'ic*', the otllection and daiwiflcation of 
militar}' information in regani t«» mir own and f(»reign c<Hmtri<«t*, the pre|«ration of 
ini«tnM*ti(»nfi to tirtiivn* detaiU^l to vijiit emviiipmciiti* <»f militia, and the digenting, 
arranging, and pn'»icr\'iiig <»f their re|M>rti*; alf«ot}ic pn*|iaration of the annual n*tunii« 
of the militia n^|uire«l by law to l>e i<iibmitt4*«| to rongni**. K«H|ue«(tn for military 
infoniiation, which nHpiire ai*tion on the fiart of any military attai'he of the Tniti^l 
Hlaten. will U* mailc to the Adjutant-4 tcneral of th«* Army. 

MS4. In the AdjutanMiencrarK otti«v the nam«f< of all cnlii>t«^l i«»ldier)* an* 
enmlleil, cnliMmcnti* and dtwrifilive lif«tii til«*d, di'atbf*. diM'bargef*. d«i«i*rtioni>. etc., 
rei^»nl«^l. the general rvtumii of the .\nny c<»nfN»lidat<^l, n*tumi* of regiuM^ntj* and 
fMiifti* and all niuj>ter mlU, ami the invenioritf* of rffi^ii* of d<Mi'ai«*«l orti<vr»« and 
iii»ldieni pn-iierx-e*!. 

9l«IA> Kubf* for k<^*piiig rev^mi Uioki*, an*! foniin for rt»lli*, retunui. etc.. will U* 
funiif*lH*<l the pnifief om«t*r^ on direvi appli«mtion to the .\iljntant-<tenenil i>f tbe 
Annv. 

« 

M«l#. MamiM-npt n*tum^, r^illi*, certiti««l«*^, and other d«K-unienti* an* pmlnbitt^l, 
when the profvT phnl<<il foniu* are «>n IuumI. 



116 MILITARY CORBE8PONDENCE, 

ABTICLE UCV. 

MiLITAKY CORREKPONDENCK. 

f937. An <»fticial lettor should refer to one subject only. I^etters of tnuiKniittal 
will W usihI only when necessary, and when used must refer only to the matter 
transmitte<i; none are re(]uired with rolls, returns, or periodical reports. Telegrams 
will be followtni by official copies sent by first mail. 

II3I9. A half sheet of letter paper will lie used for a communication requiring but a 
single |)age. When more than three |>ages arerequire<l for the lx>dy of a manuscript 
communication an additional half sheet, or more if necessary, will he neatly pasted 
to it, so that the last or outer page may \m left entirely blank. 

839. Letter paper will l3e folded in three and foolscap in four e<|ual folds parallel 
with the writing. The inner or left edge of the sheet is the top when folded; the 
left fold of the outer page is the first fold. The fin<t fold will he used exclusively for 
a brief analysis of the ix>ntents of the commun legation, the office marks, and note of 
inclosures. 

840* The post-office address of an officer's station will Xk* given in his official let- 
ters. Indefinite expressions of locality, which do not indicate where the letter was 
written, will not lie used. 

841. Official communications will be signed or authenticated with the pen and 
not by facsimiles. Signatures will l)e plainly and legibly written, with the rank and 
regiment or corps of the writer annexed; if by order, stating by whose onler. By vir^ 
tue of the commission and assignment to duty the adjutant-general or adjutant of any 
command transacts the business or correspondence of that (>ommHnd over his own 
signature; but when onlers or instructions of any kind are given, the authority by 
which he gives the onler must be stated. In the al)sence of a department (*om- 
mander, his adjutant-general, in signing the comnmnications to l)e forwanled to 
higher authority, will add to his signature the wonls, ''In the al)Hence of the depart- 
ment commander.** 

!94!i. An officer will not l>e designate<l in orders nor addressiHl in ofiicial i*ommu- 
nicati<ms bv anv other title than that of his actual rank. 

• • 

Il43w A letter will \)e pn>i)erly briefed at the first office at which it is received and 
entered. 

Iil44. In<iorsi*ments commence at the top of the set.'ond foM, and are numliered 
serially in order of dates on the successive fol<is, leaving riMim after each for office 
marks. Additional s])ace for indorsements will lie pr(»vide<l by {Misting slips of paper 
on the under side of the last fol<l (right e<lge of original paper), eac^h slip, when 
attacheil, to have the same length and width as the original fold, an<l to tuni back 
ufMrn the last fol<l like the leaf of a book. The first fold, on which the brief is made, 
is always outside. IMnti^l lal)els, by way of indorsi*iiient, will not lie iiaste<l on offi- 
cial {tafnTs. In no <-asi' will a l<M)se wrap])er l)e ])laciMl aroun<l an <»fficial {laper, 
ex<fpt lit* a inert* i'overing. 

II45. .Vll in(*losun's will lie nuinlx're<l, an<l will lie given the ]in>{H>r (vflici* marks. 
Inclosunis to the original <'ommunication are not4.Hl on the first foM, just InUow the 
brief. If othors an' atid('<i when an imlorsement is niatle, their numlH*r will Iw 
notiMl ut the f<Mit of the indorsement to which they {K'rtain an<l also on the tlrst fold 
of the original t-ominuiiication. To the latter notation will Ik* a<Mi*4l the numU*rof 
the inilorw'inont in which they U»loi»jr, thus. "Onr in<'loHure- fifth imljirwnient.'* 
Inclosim's to intlors«'iii«*ntH art* nuinU'ntl in the Kainc M'ri<*s a^ those to the original 
I>a|>«T. aii<l the niiiiilHT of the indorsement t4> wlii<>h they U*long is iuMe<i Ih*1ow. If 
few in iminU'r and nut bulky, iiiclosun*s may In* kept innide the nri^inal |ka|ier; 
at/jcrwhfv thvv will lie folded together in a wrapi>er marked ** inclosures.** Officen 



MILITARY CORRESPONDENCE. 117 

thnHiieh wh(N«(* ImndH official impen* imimh will make* Xhv incltwnint* and H}i|i<« w(*iirt» 
when they are n<»t hi>. (Mcideli* illuFtratin); the nyHteiii an* fiiminht**! from the 
Adjutant-itenerarii Office.) 

II46* IVivat4* coireffpondence from |K*rw>nf« in the military service which they may 
demre to have forwarded throuirh the dii«iMitrh a^'ntH of the Vnit^Hl States will lie 
a<ldre«««e«l, uu<l€»r «'»)ver. to the War IVfiartment. 

1147. All c<i>mmuni(iitioni( on official matten* intendinl for the Secretar>' of War, 
extvpt an pn>vide«1 in pamgraph 852, or the (.\>mman<iinK <>eneral of the Army will 
lie in writing; and aildreMHeil to the Adjutant-i teneral of the Army, rimimunicm- 
Uoim, whether from a miboniinati* to a xii|K*rior, or vi(*e verna, will, at* a nde, ]iaflf« 
thnnigh intenne<liate c^omniamlen*. In cawi* of m^cennty (Communication may Im* 
direi*!, the necetvity therefor Iwing Ktated. Thin rule will ali^ govern in verlml 
appHcationH. All (xmrniunicationn from HUp(*riorH U} milM>rdinateH will l»e answered 
through the Maine channel an recvived. Thin paragraph, how(*ver, will not In* 
inter|>rpte<i an indmiing matten* in relation to which intennediate commanden* t^mn 
have no knowledire, and over which they are not exfiected U> exen*iM» (Nmtnd. 

MM. Offit'ial <t>mwpondenct(* hetween the heaiiH of the different de|«rtmentH of 
the Ktaff of any command and iti« (n»mmander will jiaHH thnnigh the ailjutant-gen- 
eral tir adjutant of the inmimand. Communicationi« to or fn>m a commander and 
hiK miUtnlinateH will pat« thn>ugh the same channel. Communiimtionn, however, 
between a dinbursing officer and the chief of the Imreau in which he ii* nerving, whi4*h 
do not involve quertiom* of a<imini«trative reK|Mm»(il>ility within the Miper\-iKion ol 
coumuui«iing officem, nor affe<*t the officnal inten^Ktit of individuabt, but which n*lati* 
exchtfi%'ely to the n>utine (»f ImaineMi in hiK department, will \itum direci. 

M49. Kx<vpt an pniviiletl in paragraph K52, all (*«>mmunicatioii»i, re|M>rtj«, and <*iiti- 
mateit frmu offiivnt M*r\'ing at a military fioHt, and (^)mmnni<'ati«»nM of every nature 
a«l*lrei««*«) to tluMii n*lating to affain* of the |Mi*(t, will \mtv thnmgh the |Mw<t <i»m- 
niander. 

Mft#. Oflicefvwho forwani (*(»mmuni<'ationf* will indorw* then^m their appn»val or 
diMippnival, with n*markf«. No ci»mmuni<'ation nhould lie forwanI«*<l t4i the Adjutant* 
<f«*nenil of the .\nny by a de|)artment <niminander or other i«u|M*nor offitvr for the 
action of the Cimimanding ttfueral of the Army or the .S*cn*tar}' t»f War without 
i«inie n*(-i>iiuiiciidation or expnfft*ion of opinion. 

MAI. A (Mtmmander t>r chief of lmn«u inav ctimmunittatA* with thone under hia 
nHiimaiid or din*«iion thn»ugh a Ktaff or tither Kuitable o(ii«vr. With all oilM*n« he 
will himM*lf make the mmmunication. 

MA^ (*hieff» of iNireaui* of the War I>e|iartment an* authorixetl t4» t'orrtii^md 
directly with the Secretary* of War and nith the nuNinlinati* otficvw of their rtvjiec- 
tive <^ir|M* u|H»ii any matt4>r relating exdiuiively to the dutiet* of tin* bun'au rei|uire<l 
by litatute to U« fierfonnt^l under the direction of the S«M*n»tary of War, an«l necn*- 
mry fiiibn*feren<^*x <»f kucIi «*om«t*)M)nden«v antl Mibn*|M>rtj* will, in like niann«r, lie 
direct tlin»tiich offitvn< of the ni*|M*«*tive corjif. Such c«»rrif(|Mmden«t* with fiulH»nli- 
nate iiffiiffv* will not eniNMly iiij<tnictionf* to U* i'arrie«l mit by an offi<vr n*|M>rting to 
or M*r\ intc under an offiivr commanding tntofv, in n*latiofi to any nmtter ni»t if|i«x'ifl- 
<«ll\ «*x«vpt«<<l fn»iii hii* 4H»inmaiid and nmtrol by la«(, or by the Se«*retary of War; 
and r«*plitw th«'n*to will not emiiody remark* or n't^Hnmemiationi* <»n matter)* {ler* 
taininif to the a<biiinty'trati«in of the offi<vr oiuinmndintr. 

MA3. rnlew oiherwine exprewily autlH»rijt«<«l by f*tatut«\ an application for the 
offirial «*pinion of the Judge- Ad V(M«te-4teneral or of an oHi(^*r of any exe«-iitive 
dei«rtnient of the <>ovenuiient other tluui the Wnr I H*|iartnient will lie a<ldn-<w«l to 
the Aiiiutant-4»eneral t»f the Anii\. and b\ litin ^ubmitte*! to tlti* S«M'n*tar\ of War. 
Almtrart qu«Mtiuiia will not be prvMfnteii. 



118 MILITARY COKKKSPONDKNCK — ORDKRfl. 

II54. Uiniii)>ortaiit ami trivial (roiniiiiinicatioiiP need not }te foni'arded to the 
A(ljiitant-(Tt*noral <»f the Anny Hiinply l)e('aiise addresned to him. I)e(iartnient (*oni- 
n)an<lerH nhouM decride whether a coininunication iH of Huflicient imitortanoe to ))e 
forwarde<l to the Conunanding-Cieneral <if the Army or the S<»<'retary of War. 

855. In otKcial eorreHpondence lietween oflicerHof the Army and oftieialK(»f other 
branchw of the public Her\'ii*e, and eHpecially in mattera involving quefltionH of juritf- 
dii'tion, conflict of authority, or dispute, oflicere of the Anny are reminded that 
their correnpondenci* should Ik* courteous in tone and free from any expression par- 
taking of a i)ersonal nature or calculated to give offense. Whenever questions of 
^uch character shall arise and it is found that they can not be reconcile<l by an inters 
change of courteous correspondence, the ofticer of the Army, as the representative 
of the interests of the AVar Department in the matter involved, will make a full 
prK^sentation of the case to the Secretary of War, through the pro|)er military chan- 
nels, in onler that the same may be properly considered. 

ABTIOUt LZVI. 

Orders. 

D56. The orders of commanders of annies, corps, divisions, brigailes, regiments, 
posts, territorial defiartments, and districts are denominated ** general (or s|)tH*iaI) 
onlers** of such anny, coriWi etc., acxronling to character. ( reneral and spe(*ial onlera 
an' numlH*nMl in separate series, eaf^h In^ginning with the calendar year or at the time 
of the establishment of the headquarters. Onlers issued by commanders of lutt- 
talions, I'omitanies, or small detac*hments are simply denominate<l *S»rdeni," and 
an* inimlH^nMl in a single si*ries, l)eginning with the year. Oin'ulars issue^l fn>m any 
hi*ad(iuarters are numltennl in a separate series. 

ti&7, iieneral orders announce the time and placre of issues an<l (layments, hours 
for n)ll calls and duties, (xilice n^gulatiims and pnthibitions, n^tunis to l»e made and 
their fnnns, laws and regulations for the Anny, pn>niotions and ap|N>intnients, eulo- 
gies or (insures, the results i»f trial by ginieral courts-martial in all itases of ofllcera 
or of enlistiMl men involving matters of general intenvt and imitortance, and, 
generally, whatever it may l)e important to publish to the wh<»le command. Ordera 
eulc»gizing the n»nduct of living oflicers will not be issuinl except in (*asesof gallantry 
in action or {K'rfonnan<*e (»f s|iiH-ially hazanlous ser\*ice. 

§5M. SjH'cial onlers an* such as concern individuals or relate to matters that need 
not l)e ma<le known to the whole conunand. 

II59. (icneral onlers and all im{)ortant s()ecial onlers miL^t Ik* rvad and appn)vmi, 
lK»fon' i.ssue, bv the oflictT whose onlers thev an». 

960. An onler will state at its head the sount* fn»m which it emanates, its num- 
lK>r, date, and plaice of issue, an<l at its foot the name of the commander by whose 
autlKjrity it is issutnl. It may l)e put in the form of a letter add n«»«H^ I to the indi- 
vidual (*<mcerned thniugh the pn>iK>r channel. 

116 1* Onlers for any Ixxly of tnK)ps will be a<ldn»sse<l t4) its i-ommander. They 
will 1k> ex4*<Mite<l by the <*ommander pn*sent, and will 1k> publishe<l and copied 
di>tribnteil bv him when mnvssarv. 

• • 

II69. In the tleld, verltal and im|)ortant written onlers an* («rrie<l by otfu*ers. 
I>is)iat('h(^ for distant <'«>r|is shouUl Ik.* intniste<l only to otfict^rs to whom their 
content}' mav Ik* confl<U*4i. 

• 

ft6:i. Moinit4*ii enlist(*<I men will be employe<l to carry im]M)rtant <lisitatches only 
in H|K*ciuI and urgent cast's. The preci.*K* htmrx of de|»artun* and the rates at which 
they an* to U* conveytMl will Ik* written ch»arly on the covers of all disjiatcht^s trans- 
niitt<il by niountiHl onlerli<>s. 

M6'l. Ordcn* to an ol!i<vr involving travel on duty, as for the inspe<'ti<m or pay- 
ment of tnM»|>s, etc., will designate the tnMifis ami ]M)sts to Ik* visited and the onler 
/'// which h«* will visit them. 



ORDRRR. 119 

MA* Ortleni and iniftrurtions will lie traiuanittecl through intenu(*(liate command- 
en*, in onler of rank, exivpt when they are of mich character that the ct^nmanderB 
have no |M)wer to uKHlify or Hiutpend them. In such caneH the onlen* or iiiHtnictionn 
will U* Kent tlinH*t to the officvr by whom they are to U* ex<H*ute<l, (*opie»( lH*iiig fur- 
ntf(he<l to the intemiediate I'ommanden*. 

II6#. lVinte<l ordent are generally diKtributed <liriH*t to |MWti* by the heaflquartem 
from which ii«<ued. FileM of hucIi ordern will lie kept by eac*h nyiment and (*oui- 
paiiy, and at each military po*tt, and will )» turned over by a commander, when 
relieve*!, to hit* i<uix'ei%«or. If general ordent in regular 8U(x*eHHion are not received 
within a reai«mable time, (commanding othct^n* will refKtrt mifwing numU*ni to the 
pn>iM*r heiMh|uarten<. 

Il#7. In the <lii<tribution of onlen* and cin*ulara fn>m the offlcv of the Adjutant- 
(leneral of the Army, divii«ion and department ix^mnumden* an* funiif«ht*d such num- 
ber of copieH ai« they may deem nex^emary to mipply all the offitvrs on duty at their 
hea«l<|iiarten* an<l a Hurfdui* numlier to me4*t Hftecial demands. 

1. f intenil unltrit. — (Commanding ofilceri of ponti* are fuminhetl one copy of each 
general onler or circular for i)en«onal file, one for \nwX file, two for each company 
(one for the ca|>tain*f* |ien*onal file and the other for the comjiany file), and fifteen 
("vipi**!* f4}r n*gimental fiel*! officen* and the potft ntaff (exce|>ting the mirgeon and 
(|uarteniia}<t4*r, who an* tmppli(*<l thnmgh their reifpei*tive dejiartmenta). 

(*4»miiianding othcvn* of regimenti* fier%'ing at military (lOKti* are furnished five 
copies* for the nyiniental filen in atJdition to the number fuminhed them an post 
c<Hnmaii«len*. When a regiment it* M*rviiig in the fiehl forty c<»pief* are fuminbed 
regimt*ntal heailtiuarten*, one copy eac^h f(»r liattalitm ccmimamlere ami iMUtalion 
ailjutaiitt*, two ct>pi(«M f<»r <-om)ianiee, ami remaining numlxT for (x>lom*l, lieutenant- 
c*«»lonel. Htaff, and tnirplui*. 

Offifvn* tif the Htaff dei«rtmentii are funiit*he<l (n>piei< through the chie6* of their 
rei«|«H-tiv*» de|)ttrtmt*nti«. 

2. Sfterial tinler$.^i^\v\\ full (x>piefi of f()ie(*ial onlen* an* furnished to the head- 
<|iiarten* of ctti-h militar>' division an*! defiartment. ThetH* are intended for the 
defiartiiifnt (iimmamler, adjutant-general, inti|ie('tor-genenil, ju«!ge-af!v(M'ate, chief 
t|uartenuaf<ti*r. I'hief <*ommiM«r>', an<! chief mirgeon. The <'liief )iaymai<ter in fur- 
nit*he<! a (*opy tliroiigh the l*aymaiiter-(rt*neral of the Anny. 

Kxtnu'tt* <»f r*{M*<'ial <»n1ent are fumish(*d to all couivnu**! only, either direct or 
thn»ugh the inmu*<!iat4* cvmmiander. 

M6M. In i«iiip or garrison, onlem tliat afft^ a 4'omman*! will. ai« a niU*, \w read to 
th«* tnM»|«( mt th«* fin*t n*gular paraile aft4*r th«*y are receivt**!. In the field, when 
onlerly lioun* can not lie oIjHer\'e<I, they will lie nent din«ct t*> the tnjopi*, or ctmi- 
man<len* <»f nvinienti* or <t»qM* will \w inft>nii«'<! when t** wrnd to heafl(|uarteni for 
them, (»r during a halt onlen* will In* Tvm\ to tn^of**, with<Hit waiting for the nfgular 
|«radef*. 

M69. (V>pi«ii of all onten* iMraed by f*(»mman<!«>n* of Anni«w or territorial <!epart- 
nM*nti* will U* fiirwan!<<«! at their <!aU*i*, or lit* mmmi an pnu*ti«mble, to the A<!jutant- 
<>en«'nil i»f tb«* Anuy and to the \wm\ of «'«4*h Ktaff defiartmrnt in \Va«<hingt4)n. 

tl70. To m«N't th<* n*<|uin*m«*ntit of the <»f!ici*of the Adjutant-4 H*m*ral of the Anny. 
commatidirig gtMifmli* of militar)' divitnoiin aiul dffiartiiientfi ^ill h«*n«ftfr fumiith 
thi« (»(li«i> the fiilUtwing numlK*r of (*opi«*f* of onh^m an«! cin-ulan*, thn«<* copie** t«> lie 
otfif iai. iL>* •NHiii ai* i<«iue<l from their h«'a<!i|uarti*p* 

< fciicnil •»n!en* an*! rimilan* l.'V 

Sjntijil onl«*rM 7 

K<»»tfni of tro(»i«i ir> 

!n«!fx to gi*ii«*ral «»nleni an<l <'in*ulan> 10 

In<!ex t«» f*|iei*ial onlt* n* S 



120 ORDERS — MUSTER ROLLS. 

The commanding generals of the Division of the Philippines an<l of Cuba will 
furnish twice the number indicated above, and also thirty copies of all ortlers and 
circulars issued by them in relation to civil affairs. 

Commanding officers of military districts and separate brigades will forward two 
copies of all orders and circulars as soon as issued from their headquarters. 

871. The date of any appointment, detail, or removal affecting the pay of staff 
officers or acting staff officers will be immediately reported by the officer making 
the same to the Adjutant-General of the Army and to the paymaster of the depart- 
ment or command to which such officers belong. 

ABTIOLB UCVn. 

Muster Rolls. 

879. At every muster of troops pay rolls will be prepared, signed, and disposed 
•f in accordance with the directions on the blank forms furnished by the Paymaster- 
General of the Army, and at each bimonthly muster on the last day of February, 
April, June, August, October, and December muster rolls will be prepared, signed, 
and disposed of in accordance with the directions on the blank forms furnished by 
the Adjutant-General of the Army. 

There will be reported on the regimental roll the regimental field officers, staff 
(commissioned and noncommissioned), and band; on the post artillery corps rolls, 
the noncommissioned staff (artillery corps bands on separate rolls) ; on the company 
rolls, the officers and enlisted men belonging to the company; on the hospital rolls, 
the medical officers, the hospital corps, and the authorized matrons; on the post 
noncommissioned staff rolls, the post noncommissioned staff. (These rolls will be 
prepared and signed by the adjutant, who will also keep the accounts and prepare 
the final statements of the men borne thereon.) Enlisted men of the Signal Corps 
serving at the post will be mustered on a separate detachment roll. 

873. A soldier on duty or in hospital at a post or station where his company is 
not mustered will be mustered on a detachment roll, a separate roll being prepaid! 
for each regiment or corps. 

874. Companies will be designated on the rolls by letters or numbers, and regi- 
ments or corps, and by the names of their captains whether present or absent. 

875. Corrections on muster and pay rolls, after muster and before they have been 
forwarded, will not be made except with the approval of the mustering officer. 
Retained rolls will not be changed without authority from the War Department. 
Calculations on the pay roll are made by the paymaster and copied on the retained 
roll by the company or detachment commander, who will certify that he witnessed 
the payment, and will enter thereon the name of the paymaster. 



RETURNS — RKPORTS. 



ABTICLE LXVXn. 



Rim-R: 



F Th.* 



; KiM' 



8M. CotunuLndprH of departmenui, ptirpn. anil jiosia will make to the AdjuUnt- 

[ General'^ Offlrt-, in WwhintctDii. ninnihly tviiiniH of their n«p<H'tive mnimanili! on 

« ftimu>h«il by tlic Ailjntanl-Cionenil o( the Anny, and in aiyxmlani* with '.hv 

I dircfliciitH printtii tht-rmij. In like maimer eompuny coniniHn'lere will hikIm? 

I nonllily retilmx of their conlpsnioH to retniuentat headqOHrteni. Coniiiimiilencif 

mitiUry ilejiartmeni^ in rendering the monthly returnv raqiiinyl tiy tltid i«raKniph. 

will raiiie Heinnte relume tu )« nuule of th« re^Ur uid vn!iint«or Iroopf wrviiig in 

I their respective coiiimuiilii, 

877. Every comniftniler of a separate body of troope, whether an anny i«rp«. 

I divtHon, brlKade, regiment, or detachment, and whether eng«(ccd in ouiipMiKii. field 

' MTVini, nr nrciipyin^ ti temporary rsmp, or simply in tnuiait from one pUce ro 

■nolher. will make the monthly return required in the preceding ]iarat[ra|>h. Any 

detachment m Itir MrparatMl from the majn lx)dy to wliich it IwIiinkx «h to ivndi^T it 

Imprx'timlilp for the t^mmaiider uf the main boily ti:> make the mnHter and Inspn'- 

tion «>iijiiil)ed by the re^iilaliona i:^ a sciurafe eommnnd within llie nieaiiiiiic ul thin 

^pmigraph. 

(I7tt. Al the oloM> uf January. March, May, July, September, and November of 
I Mch ye*r each rompany conimandv<r will fonvard with hi« mornioK report to the 
I «Olnmandinic offiper » reptn of enlinteil gtreiigth in Uie prescribed form. Thne the 
L oommanding ciflitvr will at uni-e tnuiHrnil to the Adjniant-General of the Amiy. 
t B«igimental iiiiiininndorv Will furwanl eimilar reports of nom-umtniiwioneii ^'tuff and 
r faaiul, incluilinit imaantciie*! ret.Tiiiis if juy. 

S70> (Viinmaniliiiic oHifX-rri of all ileiarhtnl or inilepend<'t>t Itattt^rioi, troopD, or 
■ mnpcnins in the tirld. will forwnni n monthly (vm|i«ny rt^tum ilin-rt to ihc 
I AdJMtant4irnnnil of the Army. 

. Re^meiital relunw will be made Iti the name of thei^lonel and thoaeof the 
ItVomjicny In that of tho i-sptain, whether ttitwe olHrorv lie pmH-ni or nlwnt. 

■til. Wbi-n a lielil unioer us tm'uig with dctut-hwl ivmipiuilm of hix nyimeni Ilie 
nder« Ihi-reof will lurwanl their retuniit lhrou)Eh him. and he will traiiMmit 
rilh hiti [wrwinal rejiort to re^meutal heailiiuarterv. 

. In i'am|iaiKn one i-opy of every rt-tum of truupn will be forwanlud through 

t faitemirttinU' ixiniiiiandiTK and ont' clini^t to the Adjuiaiil-tieneral of ilie Army, 

■ utliemiH- ordereil. 

0M. Whenever the ftrenph of a wparaterommand ia tmiporarily orpertnonrntly 

tocmiwd or dimininhni by the movini; of any ormniution. the e(imnuiit<liu)t otHi^i'r 

will inunied lately inform the Adjutant-tienerkl of the Army direet, dvsiftiiaiiiiK the 

uqpnUatUm moved, nunilwr and namva of otUi-'erH, and vtreiiKth Ui men. aiiimalH, 



aAiTLK KKmimi, an 

cohuniui will be added 



KTracrtyn. (ust^ALTim, a 



.III («ni|«iKn 

remark)!, in whirb "hall In* 
In drti-rmiiiinii mieh ■trenfrth or 
W of tattle will if inrhidril. I tffirerB 



I' duty in any ul tlie irtatf or mtpply departinenta. • 



pnthly reltim in the opaep 
Inri'al the etfn-tii-e (rtrm^rtb of the organi- 
ihotv- who aif available for «ervtee in the 
imlifte'l men who are nii-k or diHibtiil, on 



drtat'hed (or any <r 



will l>e 



IT tbert-of 



M4< Aft^r every bailie or eniflMPTirnt with the enemy, writt 
PtUI b* mad* l>y cnmmandera of rrRinirntw, M-imnitr batlaliuR* or H|uadron 

~ « or dcftarhmisnttf, and by all romniaiub-n> of a bitchi-r icrwle. eai'h in wlmt ron- 
Hi hi* own i-nmmand, whirh repirtit will Iv forwarded , IhruU);li Ibe prxijier irliaaixJ, 
IQ tlM Adjutant-Urueral uf tite Army. 



122 BATTLK RKPORTS — RKCORDR. 

886* Whenever upon marches, guards, ur in quarters different corps of the Army 
happen to join or do duty toother, and an officer of the Marine Corps or the militia 
sliall command the whole, pursuant to the 122d article of war, such officer shall 
report his action and the operations of the force under his command thn>uf;h mili- 
tary channels to the Secretary of War, as well as to his sui)eriors in his own hranch 
of the serN'ice. 

887. Within two days after every action, the surgeon on duty with a regiment or 
detachment participating will forward, through military channels, to the chief sur- 
geon, a list of wounded in duplicate. The chief surgeon will immediately forward 
one c*opy to the Surgeon-General and retain the other to accompany his report to the 
commanding general. 

I9I9I9. After any action or affair resulting in casualties, a return in triplicate of 
killeil, wounded, and missing will he ina<le, containing the name, rank, and regiment 
of each person, with such remarks and explanations as may he nei^essary to a full 
understanding of any claims of the wounded soldiers or of representatives of the 
deceased. The nature of the wound, the time when and place where received, 
the company, regiment, or corps to which the person belongs, and the name of his 
captain, colonel, or other commanding officer will be carefully entered. One c(»py 
of this rt»turn will be retained, one forwarded direct, and the third thniugh military 
channels to the Adjutant-General of the Army. 

f^U9, A return of all t^aptured property will Ije rendered to the Adjutant-Cvcneral 
of the Army, through intennediate channels, by the imme<liate c<»mman<ler of the 
troo|>H making the capture. 

KB(x>Kns. 

SMI. All military reconls must l)e carefully preserve*!. 

119 1. All public records and papers, such as letters and telegrams received, Utoks 
of general and special orders and cirt^ulars, liooks of letters received an<l sent, gimni 
report, morning report, descriptive and clothing, sick reports, etc., are the property 
of the I'uited States and will he require<l by the War Department in the settlement 
of claims against the Government, and for other official purposes. Whenever posts, 
districts, geographicral departments, corps, divisions, brigades, regiments, and (Com- 
panies are disc(mtinue<l, all such records will be carefully labeled and (ia<'ked, and 
marked, showing the comnuind to which they |>ertain, and f(»rwarde<! by express to 
the Adjutant-< General of the Army. 

899. The use of colore<l inks, except as i^armine c»r red ink is used in annotation 
and ruling, is prohibited in the records and correspondence of the Army. 

893. Sections 5403 and 5406, Revised Statutes, prescribe penalties for the fraudu- 
lent or wrongful destruction, withdrawal, or removal from any public office of any 
public reconi, paper, or document therein deposited. 

1(94. No infonnati<m will be furnished by any perscm in the military service 
which can Im.* maile the liasis of a claim against the Crovemment, except it l)e given 
as the regulations prescril)e to the proper officers of the War, Treasury, or Interior 
Departments, or the Department of Justice. Information concerning sick and 
wounde<l officers and enlisted men may be freely conveyed ti> allay the anxiety of 
friends. The fact of death may lje communicated to relatives, but not circumstances 
conneiied therewith which i*ould l)e made use of in prose<>uting claims against the 
Crovemment. If any person in the military service has knowleiige of facts pertain- 
ing to the ser\'ice of an individual who is an applicant for a ])ension, he may, upon 
request, if not |MM*uniarily interested, furnish a ivrtiticate or affi<lavit setting forth 
his kn(»wltHlge; but record evidence will be fumishe<l by the War Department only. 



PRRSONAL AND KKKUIKNCY RKIH>RT». 123 



ABTIOLB 

PKIiNf>NAI, AND KkFKIKM'Y UkI'«>KTH. 

M9ft. WIk*ii Any offlcvr arriviv at Wai«hini^<m, I>. (.*., he will n*|M»rt at the Ailju- 
tatit-< tfiMTalV <>tfi<t*, ami will thert* rvciml hix iiatnt*. nt«i(len(t> in th«* city, am! the 
aiith«»ritv hv whirh he ii« alHient fn>ni hii» Ktatioii. 

^i9#. All jreneral offi(?eni will make a iii(»iithly it*iM»rt to the Adjiitant-< ieneral <»f 
their fitation, <liitieH, et4\, an<l the iianiefl of all ai<bMle-4titiip atta(*he<l to their tvtafln. 

ft97. All t>ftic(*n« of the Regular or Voluiit«'er aniiiex, ahnent from their regini^ntK, 
o^riHi, or (*oiiitiian<lii, will, at the end of eat^h ni(»nth, make refiort hy letter to the 
A* ljutjuit-4 Mineral of the Army, fpvlnic their aildn^M*; if on duty, the <late of inmi- 
men<vnient of Manie, nature there(»f and hv what authority, and if not on dutv, date 
of (*iiiiinien<vment of and authority for atinenre. 

• 

M9ti. An offi(x*r dt*taf(*he<l from his regiment or (^»r|w for duty at another Htation, 
or a field officer iii*r\'inK with tnjofia hut not at the hea«l<|uart4»nt of hift reirinient, will 
inim«'«liately n*|M>rt to the Adjutants ieneral of the Anny and t4» hii* nvinK*ntal ami 
fHifit ci»mmanden< the time of de|iartun* from fonner Htation, of arrival at m*w Htation 
with II n'fcn'mf tt> the authority f<»r the chaniPN and hii« |MiHtHifll<'e aildrt<Mi. Ai* 
HIM 111 »• imictiinblc he will in like maiuier n*|iort th«* nature of hii* duti<«i«, and fnuu 
time to lime any mat<*rial dianice then*in, and any changi* of »4ldn*M*, t4» the mum* 
oiri<'«*r><. An ofn<vr of a i4a(f c«>qiH or de|«rtment, or an oftiivr m*rvinir therein who 
i« not carritMl «in de|iartment or |MH<t n*tunif*, will niak«* Htmilar n*pi>rtK to tlie 
Adjiitant-<iem*rul tif the Anny atid the heail of th«* c«»r|M« or de|«rtment, and KUeh 
othi'r n*|Hirtiiai« tlif chief of the Imreau may rei|uin*. Kvery ofliivr on th«* retinal 
lift uill, nnU-M« H|ie«*iAlly exempted, refiort hin aildn*w to the Adjutant-lMMieral of 
th«* Anny i|iiarterly — on Man*h 31. June .*«). S«*|»tfm1ii*r .*tt». ami iK'^vudwr :M— ami 
%iiil uIho n*iH»rt |>n»m|itly <'Hi*h chanfci* <*f ail<lni««. 

%9%, All individual ii(*r\'i<v rejiurt will U* nuulc on Juim* 'Mi of itu'\\ y««r hy each 
oltinT of th«* Anny. except Kem*ral oHitvr)* and the chi«*f tif i«ch Maff o»r|«« or 
de|Minni«*nt. All rv|H>rti* maile hy rt*KinM*ntal otticer>* will U* forwanh^l dire^-t U% 
the rviniiiental c«»mmaiider. who will tranmnit them, uith hii* own imlividital n*)M»rt, 
din'vi to the Adjntant-4 ieneral of the Anny. The re|H>rti* of ottiivn* of artillery will 
In* nent to th«' Adjutant-4 teneral of the Aniiy thnHigh iiof*t commanderx and the chief 
of aniller} . Ke|H»rtH nuule hy ftaff ottitvn* will In* forwanl«*<l din<«i to the chiefn <if 
their nv|«'<'ti\e ror|M or tlefiartmenti*. Shttultl any ot!i«vr U* unahle, from any iviine, 
to pn*i«in* hifi n*|ior1 «»ii the n<«|uin*«l ilate. it will U* fMrwanle*! at the I'arli***'! ilate 
prui*ti<iiMe then«fter. 

90#. Ktlit'iencv reiMirti* will U* ma<le at the rl«if«i> nf each fiN-al vt'ar: 

• • • 

1. H\ the «*«immAiider of «-ach de|iartment. nf*|iectin^ I'ach otli<ii*r of hii* |i«*rw>nar 
ami defianmentAl ftaff. and «-a4>h olfi<vr who haii c«>iiimanded a |»oftt or im|M»rtaiit 
camp, or hiu* N^vn in chariei* of a f*nppl\ de|Hit under hit* oimmand, and hy ««i*h 
otfiiiT «»f the ('•>r|iii of Knirin««<*n< in charv** of nn enirin<*erinir divinion. nf«|N^iinir 
•iu li iitlit^T iind«T hiH onler)*. 

'2 r»> thf thiff «*f «'ach hun^au. rt-fi|ie«'tin)C eoi h oth<^T of the Army who in mil 
othfr\%i««* n*|M»rt«<il iifion under thexi* reinilationii. iMit who n«|H»ni* ilin*«-tly to the 
hnnitii < hief 

.'» Hy the iMiiiiiiandinff otiicer of ««ch \nm\, im|«»rtAnt <-amp. an^i^iuil, '^r annory; 
hy «*ui-h ••llii*er Hi I'liarve of a de|M>t, enirii>«***r in Uh-aI rliArvi* of work*, the cuin- 
muii*lnnt ••( i-acIi n^rxice m*h«Mil, and the Su|M*riiit«*ndetit of the Militjir\ Ai-sidemy, 
n*«>|K-«-tiiik; «'A4'h otflo'r of the Anny ««*r\ini; ut Hn> Hm'h |ii«*t. tiuiip. •tAlion. t^'hotd, 
et<- . diiniiir the Year. 



124 EFFICIENCY REPORTS — PENALTY ENVELOPES. 

Mil. AH efficiency reports respecting regimental ofiicern ami ofiu^n* of artillciy 
will l3e fon*'anie<l to the Adjutant-CJeneral of the Amiy, and thone reR[HH*ting oflicerH 
of the staff corps an<l departments to the chiefs of bureaus thnnigh iiitemie<liate (Com- 
manders, who will indorse thereon such remarks as may lie proper in each case. 

909. Each officer who makes the annual inspeclion of the military department 
of any civil institution of learning will, imme<liately after the inspei*tion, fon^ard to 
the Adjutant-iieneral of the Anny an efficiency report respecting each Anny officer 
on duty at the institution. 

903. The Insi)ector-(ieneral will forward to the Secretary of War extracts of all 
inspection reportii> containing specially favorable or unfavorable mention of any offi- 
cer. Extnu'ts respecting officers of the line and chaplains will be sent through tho 
Adjutant-General of the Army, and those respecting officers of the staff corps or 
departments through the respe(*tivc chiefs of bureaus. Copies of unfavorable reports 
will be sent by chiefs of bureaus to officers reportecl upon, for their remarks, and 
these, when receive<i, will be file<! with original extracts. 

0O4. In preparing efficiency reports, reporting officers will exercise the greatest 
care to'set forth all facets (nmceming each officer ami his record which may aid the 
Department in forming a true estimate of stantiing, ability, and spci'ial fitness for 
any military duties. 

905. Chiefs of staff corps and <lepartments will note the (correctness of the 
reports received and will add any data known Ui them which will contribute to the 
(Completeness (»f the re<x>rd in each icase. All servi(*e and efficiency rei)orts will be 
traiismitttMl to the »Secretar>' of War as soon as practi(caHo aft4»r their nnceipt, verifi- 
(cation, and completion. 

ABTIOUt LXX. 

Penalty- Knvei^>pigh. 

906. Offi<Mal communications, and other mailable matter relating exclusively to 
the public business, will U* transmitted through the mails (n\* of )M>stage, if inclosed 
in the ** Penalty envelojje." When» an officer writtv to a private jMirty on official 
biisini*ss he may incloK* with his letter an official (H>nalty envelofMs pn»|ier]y 
addri'ssiHl to himself, to c(»ver the reply. 

907. lnf(»rniation which is intended to l)e used in the {lerfonnamv of offi(*ial duty 
only is official informati<m, while that which is intended to Ik> usc^il for th(* further- 
an(v of private intermit, ends, or business in any way whatever, though call(>d for by 
a public <»fHcer, is private infonnation. The official envelo|)e may Ih* tis(Hl to g^ve 
or obtain the former, but not the latter. 

90II. Knvelo|K's for official mail matter for the bureaus of the War I)e|«rtnient 
and Head(|uarters of the Anny will have **War Department," the designation of 
hf!ad<|uarterH, bureau, or office, 'Official Biisiness," printtnl in thre(M)r four lines, as 
may Ih» re<iuir%»<l, in the upper left comer, and in the upjH'r right c<»nu»r the follow- 
ing: ** Penalty for private usi». $J^00.** FnvelojH^s for the use of the head<iuarter8 of 
a territorial department, for a |>ost, stati<»n, annory, arsenal, deiH)t, or si*h(x>l of 
iustni(*ti(m, will In* of the same fonn, with the pnifN'rHulistitution for thedesignaticm 
of the bureau or office, and with the ad<ln'ss when necet«<ary. Envelopes required 
for the transmission of printiMl matter may als(» have printed thennm ** Printed 
matter.'* < >ther printing or niling 4#n su(*h (*nveloiK*s at public ex|)ense is prohibited 
unU*ss printtnl at the <tovernm(*nt Printing ()ffi(x*. For the offi(*ial business of offi- 
<vn(iiot einhnK^Nl in the foregoing (*lasses, and officers <m the retinal list, the head- 
ing *' War De|iartiiient,** ^'Official Busim^w,** will U* phu*e<l iu*rowthe left cml of the 
«*nvelo|H\ with the offi(vr*s official signatun written imnie<liately Ih*1ow it, and with 
l>i*> penalty clause in the up{»er right comer. 



THE BKCRUITING SERVICE. 125 

IWkafrn* of public* property weighing not more tluui 4 iionmls nimy lie netit 
tliniugh the mtdU under cr>ver of the {lenalty envelo|ie. Peiimlty ^nveloi>eH with 
return aildreiw may lie fuminhefl to any {lenion fn>m whom ofildal information w 
i\enre*\, or for the return of official vouchen*, Iwt will not lie fuminheil to mervliantii 
or other dealern Ut cover the tranmiiflBion of |>uhlic* pn>perty. 

#10. The uite of freight or ezpmw lines for tranHmittinir official letten* or |ia(*kage0 
tlmt (ran \n* Hent hv mail in forbidden. 

#11. The penalty envelo|N» will not lie UM«d for ftireiim cornwiiODdeDce. 

ABTIOLB TiXTT. 

Tub KacBriTiNfr Skbvick. 

CLAfWinCATION AND OBTAILK 

•1^ Tile re<*ruiting n^r>*i(*e if* general and ppecial— general when it concerns the 
whole Army, ami nperial when it conoemii particular military oiganiiationii. 

#18. I^etaili* of offii^n* for the general recruiting wrvice* except at p(«tK, will oidi- 
narily !>e for two yearn, and will be announced in onlerv from the Adjutant-<feneral'fl 
Offici*. 

#14. Officen* of the general recruiting Kervice not at pnntn will not \ye ordered on 
any other duty, ezcsept by authority from the Adjutaiit-< teneral*e C^cv. 

RBXDBXVOrM AM> KTATIONII. 

#15. Recruiting Ktationn are the places where recniiti* are enliiiU^I. Recruit ren* 
detvoiiM are the <l€i<ignated portH at which general f«er>ic« recruiti* are cx>llei*ted for 
diiitrilmtion to regimenti*. 

#1#. Recniiti* at eac*h rendetvcHtf will oiniititute a recruit detachment to be 
ini(truc*ted by otficerv ami m>nc*ommimioned officern of the garriHon detailed by the 
cx>mmanding officer or by othen* detailed for thin iMirpone. The iumiediate com- 
maml <»f the deta(*hnic*nt will be verted in the senior officer on duty with it. In all 
matter* of ptAiw ami diMipline theiie recruiti* are under the cx>mmaml of the pOKt 
an<l de|«rtiiM*nt (*oiiimanden«, liut in all other matterv, incluiling dinrhargeH for din- 
alnlity. they are direcily umler the onlen* c»f the 8ecn*tary of War. Kach officer in 
<x>miiiand of a r«*cniit detachment will forwanl. through the pout cx>mmamler, direct 
to the Adjiitant-< M*nc*ral of the Anny, triniontlily re|»ortit of the strength of the 
dciachmeiit. 

• 17. The n*<*ruiting otfitvr in charge «>f t>m*h city fetation of the general recruiting 
M*r\'t<<e, liaving fimt Matiitfiefl hiiiiwlf (»f the M>ldien«* fitnem for the |M«*itionf*, will 
announcf* in onlf*n* fn>ni liii* i4ati<»n, ami miirter from the <late of mich anmnince- 
ment, om* tii«*tiilM*r of hit* rfcniiting |iarty ai* M^rgi-mnt and <me ai* airporal **of theann 
of the M*r\*i«'c* t«» wbi<*h tlify nw|iectiv«*ly lielong.** i. e., either infauitr\\ mvalry, or 
artitU*ry. Sii«li «inlt*r>* will lie i*pn«il Ufion the rec^inli* of the n-cniiting i*tation ami 
a«<«ipy of fai-li onl«*r will lie forwanleil Ut the .\djutaiit-<tc«tieralV Office (Recruiting 
IHvifiont . a 4*opy ^ill ali«» Im* fumii*hi'«l to ea«*h w»l<lier c'vimvmefl. 

#|M. Mciiilicr)* of rrc*niiting fiartiei* will In* reganb'*! ai* liel«»nging to the ann <iI 
t)i4* HiTxio* for uliicli they laat etilisteii or from which they wen* trannfem^l to the 
tfi'iifnil n*«niiting Hcrvice. .\ny memlier of a |iarty who may Iwve lieen enliftteil for 
till* g«>n«*nil •^•rviiv nithiMit cInmiv or designation i»f a |«rti4<iilar arm of the iier\'icv 
M ill U* tiiu^t«*n^l a«< an infaiitr\' i«>ldi««r if <'nli«*te«l fi»r iIh* fiMit fier\'ice or an a <ii\*alrv 
M tidier if foli^ti^l for the UMMinted i«ervici*. 

#l#. .M«MiiU*r»of n<<-niiting |«irtie»>ann«Min«^*«| aihI niitfit«*r«'<il uml«*f iIm* pn»viMi4»iiii 
thij* oriler an •ergeants c^ c^*r|iorab will mu l^r rwiucvd while perfoniiiiig MK*h 



1 26 ENLISTMENTS. 

duty, without the approval of the A(ijutant-General. Their appointmenta afl ser- 
geantH or corporals will, however, terminate whenever they are relieved frr>in 
recruiting duty, or when the stations at which they are serving are discontinuiHl, 
unless they shall be assii^ied to other recruiting stations at which there are vacancies 
m their respective grades. The recruiting officer will in every case announce in 
orders the date of the termination of an appointment as seiigeant or corporal and 
furnish (*opies of each onler as indicated in paragraph 917. 

#dO. All transfers of enlisted men to the general recruiting service for <luty on 
recniiting i»arties will \h? as privates, the (luestion of their promotion an K^rgeants or 
<*or|x>rals lieing for determination after their fitness an<i C4i|)acity shall have Ik^^'U 
demonstrate<l. Individual applications for such transfers will l>e forwanliMl, when- 
ever pnk'ticable, through the proper itmimanding officers, who will in<lorHi^ tliereon 
their re(X)mmen<lations, based upon ser\*ice and merit, ami als(» a statement of the 
soldier's fitness for recniiting duty, espeirially as reganls clerical ability and knowl- 
edge of army pai)ers. The transfers will be made from time to time, as the interests 
of the service require, in orders from the office of the Adjutant-General of the Amiy. 

BNUSTMKNTH. 

991. Any male citizen of the United States or perron who has legally dec*lared 
his intention to become a citizen, if above the age of twenty-one and under the age 
of thirty-five years, able-bodied, free from disease, of goo<l character and temperate 
habits, may be enlisted umler the restrictions contained in this article. In regard to 
age or citizenship this regulation shall not apply to soldiers who have served honestly 
and faithfully a previous enlistment in the Army. 

999. Applicants for original enlistment and men who apply to reenter the Army 
after an interval of more than three months from date of discharge will l)e require<l 
to furnish evidence of good character. To detennine an applicant's fitness and apti- 
tude for the service and to give him an opportunity to secure testimonials of chanu*- 
ter, he may, after having signed the declaration of intention to enlist and |)asse<l the 
required examination, be retained and provided for not to excee<l six days. Men so 
retained will be known as *' recruits on probation.*' The enlistment jiaper of any 
such recruit who may be unfit or undesirable for the service, or who may not <iesire 
to remain in the ser>'i(«, will not l>e (completed. The enlistment paiiers of re(*niits 
who are accepted and duly sworn will l)ear the date on which the enlistment is (Com- 
pleted by administering the oath. 

993* The enlistment of persons of any of the following classes is prohibite<l: 
Former soldiers whose service during last term of enlistment was not honest and 
faithful, insane or intoxicated persons, deserters from the military or naval ser\'ice 
of the Unite<l States, {tersrms who have been I'onvicte*! of felony or who have ln»en 
impris(me<l under sentemv of a (H)urt in a refonnatory, jail, or ]>enitentiar\'; alH<» for 
original enlistment, |>ersons under eighteen or over thirty-five years of age. and, for 
first enlistment in time of {leace, any perstm (except an Indian) who is not a citizen 
of the rnite<l States, or who has not made legal dec*larati(m of his intention to lHH*oine 
a citizen of the Tnited States, or who can not speak, read, ami write the Knglish lan- 
guage. 

994. KtH'niiting (»fficvrs will lie very {larticular to ascertain the tnie age of the 
nH*niit. If any doubt exist as to the applicant's statement n'ganling his agi*, his 
<iath will not Ik* taken as ci>nclusive eviden<*e of the fact, and if he can not furnish 
cc»m{)etent prcxif to Hupiwirt his statement he will Ih» n»it»<*tt»il. Minors U'tw»»en the 
ages of ciglit4H'n aixl twenty-one years may Ik» enliste<l with the writt<Mi coiiwnt of 
father, only surviving |»an*nt, or U*gally ap|M»int4Ml giianlian. When a minor pn>- 
sents himsi'lf for enlistment umler the pn)visions of this |»ara^raph, his |iHn*nts or 
jruanljan, should he liave any, will U* foun<l and infonne<l of the application; should 



KNLI8TMKNT8. 127 

he tie without (larentii or guaniian, the rucniitiiig oflti^er miut reject him unlem the 
applicant shall procare the legal appointment of a guanlian and otHain hin written 
coniient. 

995. Recruiting offioem will U* hehl to a rigid accountability for the enlintment 
of men who may Ije found unfitted for the »*r%'ice. If a recruit, after having lieen 
enlii(t4Hl. U' reje<*te<l, or dii»chaiged w a minor, aiui it ap|)ear that the enliittment 
waf< can*ltfiHly made or in violatitm of them* regulation!*, the expenften incurre<l in 
c*oiiHe«)uen<'«> of the enlintment may U* Htopf^ed againi<t the pay of the ofHcer 
ni«|M)nHihlt'. 

9)i6* The enlitftment or nt^nliKtment of married men for the line of the Army ta 
t<» U* <liM*ounigi*<l, an<l will lie pennitttnl only for Home g«Mid n'awm in the public 
intent«t, the efficien<*y tif the nerviiv t4> U* the tin«t t^omtideration. ApplitntioiiM for 
micli enliMtmenti* or rfenliKtmenti* will lie finally detennined by the regimental com- 
mander, or other pro|N'r cHmmianding o(llix*r if there lie no n^mental organiiation. 

947. After the nature of the Her\'itv and teniiH of enliKtment have lieen fully 
explaim^l t*) the applic^ant, and before the enliKtment blanks are fille<l, the ofHcer 
will rea«l to him an<l offer for hiit mgnature the following declaration which will be 
mntaintHl in the enliatment {lafM^r: 

I. . deadline to enllal In the Armj <>f (ht* rnlUMl HUt«« ft»r th« term (»f thrm years, do 

d<*<*liire that I h«vt* neither wife nor child; that I am i>f the lefpil aire t«> enliiit, and believe mywlf to 
be iihpUrally qimllfled Ut fierform the dutlen of an able-lMMlltHi Mildler; and I do further declare that 
I am (»( iriMMl habitR and character In all reaprctii ami have never been dlacharired from the Tnlted 
8tat<ii aervlce i Armj <»r Navjr) or any other wrvice on a<*count of dlisbillty or thniuf h •enten(*e of 
either a civil or milltar)' court, nor di«charired from any ner^ice. civil or military, except with xood 
character, and f(ir the reaMkitu given by me to the m*ruitlnit (UAcer prior to thU enllatment (Here 
add. in cm/m^ of an applicant for flmt enl1i4ment: And that I am. or have made legal declaration of mj 
Intrntkm u* becvmie. a ciUien of the I'nlted Htateik] 

Given at . thin day of . 1»— 



Wltnea» 



If the applitunt lie a minor, bin iMUvntii or guanliaii mtiiiC give consent in writing 
in the following temi^: 



I. - . do certify that I am the < father, only nurvivinff |«rcnt. or guanlian. a» the o 

may U" of . that the Mdd la year* of aire, and I do hereby frrrly ir1v« 

m> <n»n*en( to bin cnlli^lnir a» a Hildler In the Army of the Tnited State* for the period of three yivia. 

«i»vrn at . thi« «iay «»f . 190—. 

WIIIMIW 

Thif* i*«»iiM*nt will ap|N«ron the enlijitnM*nt |>a|x*r and will follow the foregoing 
d«*<'UrBtiiin. 

94^. Hifniiting otiiivm ^ill not allow any tnaii t«* lie enti(*e<l into the M'r\i<v by 
falM* n*|>nf«i*ntAti<»nf«. Uit will, in |»er)*<»n. explain to «*ver>' man U*fon* be nigiiM the 
fnli«tiii«-iit |«p«*r the natun* of the i«er\ici*, the length < if the lenii, the ami Hint of 
|iii\ . i-lotbiiitr. rmtionr*. and other allowance!* to «iliirh a M>ldier ii* entitl«*«l by law. 

9)19. .\^ ••« M iti Ml* praiiiinble, and within f*ix da>i* after be ban l^*eii iiiiv|it<Hl on 
pr«»laitiiiti. the f«»lln«iing fonn of enlif*tiiient will U* mgneil by and oath a<lminii*tenHl 
til tlu* n-^niit 

I U»rn in . in tltr MmU' of . a«t^l ycmn ainl — — m«i«ith« aiitl bv «wm- 

imiU'ti « •!•» h«Ti*tiy acktMiwliHiUrt* t«» havr voluiitahh i-nlliite*! *ir rrrnlialr*! ■ Ibl* ilay 

of J'«k m* m ••»ldu-r III !h«' Ann> •»! lb«* t'nlt«1 *«tatc« «if Am^-rt*-*. f«»r thr prr*»«1 i»f fhrr«r ><*ar«. 

iiiiU^i* «*.ti< r 'liw hanr«<<l b% |tn*|irT atiltH*nl5 atnl doalvo airn«i* loat-rritf fmm Ihr rmtt^l '*i«l«« 
•til li >««iiit}r !«}. r«ll<m*. atnl cluthiiMr a* are i*t roa) im: c*tabtulM^l b} law. And 1 «l«i «ilcninly 



128 ENLISTMENTS. 

swear (or Affirm) that I will livar true faith and allegiance to the United Htatefi of America: tliati 
will nerve them honewtly and faithfully againitt all their enemien whomwever; and that I will obey 
the orden of the Preiddent of the United States, and the ordera of the officem appointed over me, 
according to the RuIch and Articled of War. 

. [heal.] 

Subscribed an<l duly Hwom to before me this day of , A. I). 190—. 



Recruiting Qgiccr. 

This oath iiiay be administered by any commissioned officer of the Anny. 

#30. Such of the Articles of War as relate specially to the duties and rights of 
enlisted men and the penalties for military crimes will be plainly rea<l and, so far 
as necessary, explained to each recruit just before administering to him the oath of 
enlistment Within six days thereafter the Articles of War will be read to the 
recruit. 

#31. Enlistment papers and recruiting returns will be made on printed forms 
furnished by the Adjutant-General of the Army, and will be executed and disposed 
of in accordance with directions thereon. One enlistment paper, only, will be made 
in the case of a soldier enlisted, or reenliste<l, for the line of the Army. 

#39. The real name of the recruit will he ascertained, correctly spelled, and 
written in the same way wherever it occurH, and the Christian name will not be 
abbreviated. 

#33. Enlistments will not be antedated so as to allow a soldier additional pay for 
reeniistment who applies after the period for reenlisting has expired; but when a 
soldier presents himself for reeniistment and it is nei^essary to obtain information in 
his case, or the approval of higher authority, his reeniistment may be made to ant(»- 
date the time of administering the oath, but must not bear a date prior to the day on 
which he presented himself. 

#34. When a soldier reenters the service, the officer who enlists him will indorse 
on the enlistment paper next below his own name and regiment, " seix>nd (or third) 
enlistment,'' as the case may be, together with the company and regiment in which 
the soldier last sen-ed and the date of dischai^j^ fn>m former enlistment. This inform 
mation the recruiting officer will obtain if possible from the soldier*H discharge, 
which the latter should be required to exhibit. 

#3ft* An officer who enlists or reenlists a man who has l>een disirhargetl from the 
Army will immediately give notice of the Uuci to the commanding offi(;er of the com- 
pany from which the man was last dischai^^l, stating, if pnurticable, designation of 
the organization to which he has been assigned. On rei^eiving this notice the (»m- 
mander of the comiMmy from which the man w^as dischaiyed will record the fact 
of enlistment or reeniistment in the company descriptive book. Should it appear 
that deception has been practiced he will report the case to the Adjutant-Creneral of 
the Anny. The recniiting officer will enter the fact of enlistment or n*enlii<tment, 
with date and place ui)on the certificate of dischaiye from former enlistment, which 
the soldier nhouUl have in his possession. 

936. Applicration t<» reenttT the Anny from {^ersouH of any (»f the following classes 
will not be granted without spe«*ial authority from the Adjutant-(ieneral (»f the Anny: 

1. Fonner sohliers who have l)een discharge<l before exi>iration of term of sen'itw, 
excepting those discharged under the provisions of |>anigrai)hs 156 an<l 157. 

2. F<»niier srtldierx who have lMH*n <lischarged with charai*ter other than good, or 
iti< full 4*<|uivalt'nt. 

.'i. KoniuT rtoldiers over forty ytvrn of agi» who wert» la^t <liHi'harg*'<l at* privates and 
have fHiUnl to nH.'nlist within three months thereafter. In Hiich csh^^h the upplicationa 
must show tliat the enlistments will be for the intenn^s of the ser\*ice. 



KNLISTMENTB. 1 29 

4. Former fmldieni who can not |«m< tin* n><|tiinNl cxAininAtion in all n*K|i4M*ti«. 
Appliititionii of thin natun* Mhould show that any oxiHtin^ «it'ft«cti* will not prevent tlio 
perfr>nnance by tho applicmnt of full military fluty. 

•8T. £Inli8t«(l men of gotxi charart4*r and faithful m»r\-ic'e who, at th<» oxpiration 
of their terniH, are undentoinK treatment for injuries in(*urn*<l or diM*af«i* <*ontnu*ti'«l 
in the line of duty, may 1m» reenliMe^l if they ho elwt, and if the diwihility pn»v" to 
U» permanent they will Kul)i«ei|uently 1h» dii«t*liarKiNl on ivrtifli-ati^H of iliHahility. An 
enliMe«i man not undt-r treatment, but who hai* omtractc**! in the linei>f dutv intinni- 
tie* that may ralae a queKtion of phy8i<til eligibility to reen lint men t, but not Hurh as 
to pn*vent bin fierforminK the duties of a noldier, may lie reenliiit<*<l by authority i>f 
the War IX*partment on applitmtion nuwle thn>u{;h the miryeon and pn>iHT military 
channel in time to nnvive a deciidon liefon* the date of diM*hai>ri*. 

•S«. An appli<mnt will he mibjected to the n^iuinnl examination U^fort* applica- 
tion \H iiuMie to the Adjutants reneral of the Anny for H|HH*ial authority for hiHenlixt- 
ment i^r nvnliivtment. The remit of the examination will 1n> Htat4><l in the application. 
ComnuuKling otfieeiv fi>nii'arding applicatiom* fnmi men of their t^ommandK for fii^r- 
miivion t<) rei*nlii«t for Home other organization will n»|x»rt in ea<*h <«ane whether the 
applieant in married or niugle, wliat cliaraeter will be given him on dii«i*liarge, and 
whether or not he can |4U» the requiivd examination. 

XSDtrAL INHPBITIO!*. 

#M* The phvFical examination of recruitu will U* f^ondmied in arconlanre with 
the authorite<l manual for the examination of reeruiti*. The enliMtment |isi|ter of 
«arh rtH-niit mui«t nhow wliat imlelible or pemument markn wen* fnund on hiti |i«*r)M>n. 

94Qm The nM*niitin(f otfitvr will Ix* prenent at the phycicvl examination of the 
fw-ntit by the Hur)ri*on. In the al«ence of a o)mniif««ion<*«l me«li(ral olTiivr or <*on- 
tract HiirKf^m fprniltlnfc officvro will, when<*ver pnu'ticrable. employ a eivilian phy* 
idcian to nuike the phyiddU examination pre«*e«linK enlistment imt* |>ar. 1HH2). A 
recniitintr otru*«*r who emploVH a nrllian phynifian in the manner indicntiNl (in the 
aliHHne«* lif a nmimiM<ion«Ml mecliiral offloT or aciin^ aMii^tant funreon ) if* authorised 
to take the pliVHtrian with him to examine n'iTiiitii when iinlen««l fnmi pUuv to plait) 
to make enlii<tm«*nti«, and will call u|>on the pro|N*r ntflcer of the Qiuirt<»niiaHter*a 
IX*|4irtn)ent to pnivide the mftiMary traiis|M>r1ati<»n for the riviliun phynirian. At 
nH*niitiii|f HtdtioiiH when* a Unn* numlii*r of n'«*niiti< an* to U* exandm*il applicration 
will U* nuMb* to the Sunn^on-Ueneral fi»r authority to employ a phynieian by tlw 
month tmfl«*r (*ontr«4*t. When a nt'niitini; otfi<vr ubo luu* eiiiploy«<<i a phyi<i«'tan liy 
tlie mouth under ttmtnu't und«*r pn»|ier authority it* onlen<«l fn»m pbnv to pUcv to 
nmkf en lint men ti*, he will |Hve the phyfieian pn»|ier writt«*n onlerx in ailvanif to 
a4^i*ni|i«iny him for the purfMin* of examining nt niitf*. namini; the pliut'9* t<» U* vl«- 
Itt'il. ami Hiatin»r in the onler that the travel enjoin«*«l i* n««ef»^«ry for the publie 
iii*rvit^'. When then* \n no mMi«ml examiner at the station the n««'niitinif otiiivr will 
ULAkr til** n'<i|uin'<l examiiuitiim. 

#41. .Vii ttppli«-ant «*nlii«t«*il at a \mmi when- tht-n- if* iio'*urv«'*»n will U* n*i'\nniin«^l 
within t«o W4<«*kH aft«*r enlii^tnient, and U*fon' any ilothiui; i«* if«>u«*il t<* him. Iiy a 
nmliinl •»trufr i»r mntrac-t iiurvei»n, or In the al««*n4-«' *>( nub oilii vr b> lli«* ri\iliaii 
pb\i*irtan empl«»y<«l l>y the Mc-aliftil lV|iartmt*rit. 

•44. Kvery ai^*«*pt4*<l (f»«oni) rei*ruit tH>t aln*««l> pn»t*-«*t«*«l will l«* \a<«inat«*tl at 
the nH-niitiiiir i^ation l»y the examining wir^ii.n <••'•• |«»r. I»i»i2). Vaitint- \mw in 
fupplif*! by the SurvaHleneral. An i*»t»n tu* a ni nnl j«»ini* any n*n«le/v«.u-. n*jti- 
nient. .•r |p«-t be will U* examineil by the furviNm t** HM^>rtain »ln*ther vaii-ination 
If* n^|uin-«l. In all «-a«i» ^her%* then* in n«»l unnii<*iakaM«* r\iilenivi»f wioii^'ful \ai»- 
cination within a n*ai«>nabk* |ienud the o|H*nitiou will U* i^^Honm^d imme-liately. 

8818-02 9 



132 THE INSPECTOB-GENERAL's DEPAI6TMI£.XT. 

ABTici/E yjoai. 

Ii:8PMlTOR-GENERAl/t; DePARTMKN f. 
(iBNERAL rilOVIHlON'F. 

#56. Th i sphen* of iiuiuiry of the Inspector-Cionemrs DejvuiniLMit includcH evpry 
branch of ndlitary affaire excrt^pt when •Ji)e(!ially limited in \\h^.* lef^iialiom- or in 
orders. Inhi>ecto re -general antl ac^ting iiJ8pector»-gen<*ral will excMvi>e a mniprvihen- 
sive and general observation within the command to which th ;y may l)e n spei-tively 
assigned, ovrr all that peitains to the 'jfTcien-iy of tlte Army, ^Jku onditio i an<l Htate 
of supplies o' all kiiulp, of arm < and (K^uipmcnts, of the ex;)e iditnre of imblio ] n)p- 
erty and moneys, aid the condition of at*ooants of a'l diib'irhiiv^ o^tvr^ of every 
brandi of tht service, of the c(»nduct, dLunpline, and etficiei?c/of ol^ficers ird 1n)ops, 
and rei)ort ^ith stitct impiirtiality in legard to all iiregn an iet that »nav -KMlis- 
covered. Fn»m time to time they will make such Hu^rgcstion-* a^ niiv appear tc them 
practicable fo * the' com^ction of any def vt that may ( onic under thviir ob?ervr>ion. 

•5T. Inspei'tors-genoral or acting insinvtors-general, asnigned to .v military d apart- 
ment, are under the imm.vliale din»<'ti»m o" its comnindiii: gene ml; \vhennitso 
assigneil, they are solely under the onlere of the Setn^tar) of VVa^ or the General 
Commanding the Aniy. They will make the general ins)ieiti(>ns vithia the hurts 
of the re8i)e<'ti\e deiMi.iments, nnd will t^ach l»e allowe<l tht^ mce««sary clerks am" one 
messengi'r, who vill le as-^Igne*! by the Secieiary of War. 

•5!>(. InsjxH' <>ia-geju»ral ant', ai^ting inspectors-gener.il nilt rt^jxr-f by letter, on 
arriving at their stations, to t'ae I nspt»i*tor -General at the Var De;artrient; they 
will furnish him copits of all onlere and >.*ritten instractions itjcei* .^1 far toure of 
inspc*<*ti(m, with a pe|K»rt <»f the dates of departure fn>m, and rtuni t<«. tluir ix»sts in 
ol)e<lience then»to and, thiv\»after, on the lrj»t day of ca "h m(»iitl , wi.l re,»ort din^rt 
to him their a4ld eHses pnd the duties they lia.e jHTfo»me<l during tin- month. 

059. CorresiH)iiden'V in the InsiKH'tor-iie'ieral's Depart m_»nt, lH't.'et»n the herd 
thereof and office s servinj; therein, will l>e di -ect, for tlu» purjMise of i.istri ctio'i and 
inf<«rmation with u^sikj *t to the discharge o< their duties; not, however, extendiuij to 
mattere of adminih t ration jHTtaining to nil'tary (^oniuiandere. 

960. An insfRV or-gcner.d or mating his) lect )r-ginera( will nu^ke 1 mrni his oideifl 
or instnictions to connuar<ting and othe* oUicers whose' tioo »s ami iffare he ii 
diriK'teil to insiHH't. and tJu*se offiwrf wll mhj that every facility an I a>sistaare, 
including clerical ai 1, if ree^resti^l, is afforded. 

1>61. An insjKH'ti'r-geaei'Hl or at*ting int jHH*lo.*-gi»nenil will nrt give o tler^ unless 
siMvially authoriziHl U) d«> s ), and then only in the name of the mipeiior <rivMig suth 
authority. lie will r(jM)rt\i it h strict imimrtialitvall irngularities. Ifesl ould n^fiain 
fn»m informal conver.ation or (*uinmei t ujon Mibje<*{H under inv(*stigulio i. 

06)l. An insjHH*tor-ir.»i eial or act in <; in.qH»i.'(or-ge'ieuiI wiM * xen*ise t'u» grt^te^t 
can* that he does no injus^iji to oiyanizationn or indi>idual4. When ituc-t gating 
ac<'Usations pn*judicial tii tie chanwt »r of an ofliav, Me w-II make knowi. to the 
oHicvr their nature, and giv'e him an opportim'ty to ma\e hit oun t^tatefn* nt in mint- 
ing, which will Im» apiM' I UhI t«» the r'ix»rt. v'opies .»:• extia.'t* from an in:«|uH*tiofi 
n»|H»rt, n'fltvting U|Mm o • (*oinuiendinv the character «>.- eliici.*n< y of an ( ♦ i.ei, may 
\ie fumisheil him by thv* '•onn lander thn>U).h whom the n*|Jort s submitt '•]. 

#6«t. An inH|H»4't<»r-^'eneral or acting irf p.t-t^ir-general detj ile<l to in> esti^rato 
attempts to <lefraud th* * Government, or any irn»gulurity <ii mis/onduct of any otli- 
cer (»r agt*nt of the ^^nite.'. Stau*s, has luthotity to atlm'nistt r oa'hs to witneve^. 



8PFC1AL DUTIES — t^TATED INftP12CTION«, 188 

mi*b;*ial iKTin*. 

961. I.vportore-icimcTal and a4*ting iiw|HCton«-g.»iu*nil will, fioni timo to time, 
(l<*Hitniat<* tlio urtideH wliirli in th(»tr opinion should \k* i>nNMin* 1 nnd kv\A for huIo hy 
th«* SiiliHiHt.*nt\* lK*i¥injuoni. Ui ofll(t*n4 and enlii^tiHl ni«*n. Thtw n*>*onini«*ndation8 
will In* Hnlimitted to tii** Svcn^tary of War for liii* acion. 

9^A. All ini ttei * per ain'n^* to the HniM'mnion of tlu* fl<H*<iuntM nf tlit* rvit ipt^ and 
c>x|t<' iditni«*i< ot th * Nalioniil llonu* for I>iN*hl<*<l Volunt.vr S^tldiern, nnd(*i min of 
(^in^ri'v'H, an* a^i}Ote<l tt> tho Ini«|M'<*tor-<r(*n( rat of tin* Aniiy nndor tlit* dinvtion of 
tli«' Si'<'n»iar\' of \V«r. 

HrAT»:i» iNsrwTioNH. 

96S. Til * annual inH|Hvtion of tlie »^»ldi(*n«' Ilonu* in the I>i^tn^t f»f ('<>lunibia 
will U» niai* l»y thf In»p».rt(»r-<K»n".ul of tin* Amiy, in iK»r>«*»n, an nH|nin«<l l>y law; 
and that of thr National Iloiu*^ Tor l>imlil<'<l Vohint«vr Soldi(*rH, iti« n*«-onlH, diHlmme- 
ni(*ntf4, nianar^*nicnt, di?«(Mp!iiu*, and m.nlition, will 1m> matli* l»y an otfiivr of hia 
I>i*;i.irtm<*nt indt*.* tlu* pr»viH .tni« of th<* a4't of (*on;rn<HH a|»|>«'«>v«««l Arini^t IK, 1H!H, 
who will n*i ort in writi:itt* thioii^h tlu» inH|Hftor-<n*mTal of thf Anny, to th » S<H•^l^- 
tar\ of W; ., th«» r.vnItK :»f wi/i in^Hvtion. 

S#T. i Mlh-^T* ot tht» I.iH| «*^ir-< >(M(-rarH Di'partnuvit wil: inspect on<v int'arh yt-ar 
all military cornmamb*, trair^'mtl iM^it^ and fain |<h, and on(*e in two yfarn fnk*h 
unvarriMim'tl |iori;- and nrlioial (vnic*tx*ri«*»< hh cati U» \iHit«*<l with(»ut d«*|iarting 
materially fn»ni thr rout< -f oth«T pntHTilM**! inH|ie('tioni«. 

96*i. All d«*)iotH, annorit^, iir.«i*naU, and pnhlir worki* of every kind under ehanri^ 
of otli«vr( of the Anny. e\«\*pt workn of «*n»rine<*riii^ i-onduete<| under the dinvtion 
of the* S«<Tetary of War aiiii t«u|er\'ii«ion of the Chief of Kn^rivrn, will In* in<|Nvt(*<l 
anntully hy otrnvn* of the ln.-(|Netnr-<ie'ierurH I>« |iartin(*nt. The**^* in4|Mvti( nn will 
inrl ide military and l»tu«iiie«< aihninii«t ration and nie:li(Ml: , hut will not exiemi to 
the .v'ientitie or ti*<*hni('al « h:ir.u'U*i'of work for whieh the oklii-er in eliann* i" «*'*|Nm- 
fithle, thn>nt;h the hiail of Wit* .le|«-rtment, t<» the S«i'n'tary i>l War. 

#4 9. InK|ieetion»< of th>* \.ilitiiry An demy will U* maile on\v rnder |ie«*iflc 
iniitnietinni* jriven in ••aeh ti.^A' ■»y llie Sfr\*taiy of War, and irt*|x*ction<« of tl-e «.»rv- 
i«*i* whtMiln. in hi* far a«« they nn di4»inet from |Mif«tH, ninler himilar ini*tnu*tion« iriven 
hv thi* S«*«Teturv nf War or tii.* (*ou-mandim: <tenerttl of tht Aimv. 

97 >• The military Ie|4irtm4 nt i»f rivil in^iitntionM of l««arnini; at whieh otnivnt of 
the Anny an* detaiUnl will K* intipH t«*<l annn.iMy, n«*ar the I'liwd* nf the «*olle|r * y<^Ar. 
under r*|i«<«*i He inHtniet'oUH. The in |i«-4'tint; •itlit'er. n|H n hii« arrival at the ini*titu- 
tifin, *«ill apply ti» thi> pn*}*i«lfn. or t.ie a«lmini^trltive iilH(*er then of fi r iiuch aid <»r 
faeilit.ifi iv* he may n«i|;iin*. Mi«* ie|«>>rt will U* m*,\X to the Im|Mvtor-<>enenil «»f thi* 
Army, then to the Adjutani-< m i enil of the An.iy for note and tetuni, and a o>py 
funii^htil the pn-fiiilent of tin* ii>litntioii hy the War lN*,4irtm.«nt. 

•7 I. The inii|ie«'tif>n of dii*i uiMUienti* and money .u*e<innti* of dixlrttrxini; otRi^eni 
n*i|nitf'<l hy U4-t of April 'Jii, IhTt. «•*!. lie nia<le l»v «»tli(-«n of the I'if*|ie«*tor-<tetierarii 
lK'|kiir.ment **r othen* di taile«l .'or tl'i.t pur|io«4*, and. ari fi i a** piaiiiirahle. at iri«tnibir 
intervx If, iKit no otri«*«*r m> deli.il«^1 ^hall Ih* in any way <* »nn«*e(e<l with th«* «*« r|Mi i»r 
Maff ile|iArtment making the di^l un«»*ii.enl. The fntpH-ni'y of the<4* in;«|N*«iio u* will 
\n' nvnhiti^il hy the Stvn tary ni V\ar. 

97)l. l<«*|Mirtj* of pn'w'iiU^l iiu«,Mrtli.n«of tnM»(M*. Mati«>n *. and ai^'«»untj* of ili^lHim- 
in^ otlii-«nt under the authoHlyi f tU \mn*t ent i-oninitniler^ «idl U'lomanh"*! thn>iiKh 
de|4irtn)i nl h4'a<l*|ttarten' to the Ai'jular.t <ten«*ral of the \nny and trjniimitu*«l t«> 
the I n-i* «tiir-4 Mineral nf th4*Aiiny. In i-u««* irnirnlnritii «. •Iili(**enei««, nr n-iMim* 
du<'t an* i.-|Hirtt^l, a t|v|«irknM*n( itm .t ande *n fiir^anlin r a ie|fi»rt will rtat* wtiat 
nMiioliiv lie hafi appli«M ur will j«ppl.» lo «'*»m*< t then.. ailoiii«r any re«^HnmetMl«li«iiiii 



134 METHODS OF INSPECn'ION. 

that he may <lmn» to niakc. All other n»p<>rtt< of iiiHi)ectionfl will lx» forwardwl <linM*t 
to the Im»pwtor-Geueral of the Army, except when otherwist^ Hpeirially <lire<*te<l, and 
all in*<peotion rt»port« not confidential will be fileil iu hin office. The InHi)ei^tor- 
General will forwanl to the Commanding General of the Army extnu^t^ that n*late 
to tlincipline and efficiency, and to the chiefs of bureaus extnu-ts that relat<» to liinral 
affairs. 

9T9. To pn)vi<le for the ins|)e(lions re<|uirt»<l by |>aragraphs 9ft8, 970, an«l 971 of the 
Army Ri^ilations, the Insi)ectcjr-(teneral of the Anny will ktvp the inHiHM't4»rH-gi»n 
eral of the military giK>graphical de|)artments inf<»nned, through the defiartment 
commanders, of the inspections under these {laragraphs an«l such other ins|H3<'tionH 
as the Secretary of War desires shall l)e made by them; an<l each of thes<* iimjiectors 
will, at the pmixT time, submit for the consideraticm of his imme<liate comman<ler 
a plan for making the ins(>ections so desire<l in the most advantageous and (hhuioui- 
ical manner in connetrticm with the other insjKH'ticms which he may Ik* rwjuin**! to 
make. If the plan be approve*!, the dei^artment commander. will then give such 
orders as may be require<l for the necessarj' travel. 

METHODS OF IXSPKCTIOX. 

9T4. In8pe<'tion8 of troojis will Ik* c<mducte<l as prescribe*! in the authorize*! 
drill regulations. When the »>mmand (nmsists of more than one com|)any the 
insiHMTtion will, if practic^able, Ikj prece<!e<l by a review. 

9T5. InsiHH'tors-general and ai*ting insiK»ctors-g*»neral will com'isely n?i»ort the 
strength, efficiency, and armament of each garrison and i)ost, the date of last ins|KN*- 
tion, an<l all irregularities and defects, with sm'h suggestions or re<*ommen(lations as 
they <UH»m |)ertiuent. They will also reiK)rt what reme<lies have l>ei'n applie«! to 
corrwt irregularities reported at former inspections. The subjt»cts usually ("oven**! 
by such reixirts should be as follows: 

1. Names of offiivrs present, thosi^ al)sent <m <letached <luty or <»therwise, an«l 
thost* |H'nnanently in<ra|«i*itated for any duty from any cans**; whether the numlnT 
of enlistinl men in ranks at insiMH^ion (*orre8|Mm<!s to returns, how al)sentees an^ 
accounte<l for, and how many apix^ar under anns at ins|M*<*tion; the numlH*r of men 
in the luind, and if anv are not nuisicians. 

2. Whether the (»ost is ailequately anne<! and supplied, and ma])s of the |Mist and 
of the cc»untry in its vicinity kept. 

H. Whether the i*omnmndiug officvr ol»ser>'es the system of iiistnicticm and treat- 
ment of sulN>nlinates enjoim*<! by the regulations, an<l pro|KTly ex(vut(>s the laws 
relating to neutrality, (|uarantine, an<l the regulations (^Muvniing inteniati<»iial ouir- 
tesy, so far as appli<'able to his {>ost; whether justice is promptly and Kyally admin- 
i8ten*d; the zeal of the cx>mnuui<ling officer ami his ability to )H*rfonu his duti«*s. 

4. Whether offict*rH are efficient, re{M>rting any intem|>eran<v or inunorality, and 
mentioning any officer or soldier who lias distinguish«'<l himself, or shown sptvial 
efficiency in any de{)artment of study or duty. 

5. The manner in which chajdains i^erfomi their <!uties. 

6. The eflicien<*v of atlministrative and staff olKii'n*, the <H»rTe<'tness of their 
aix-ounts; whether fiayments an<l issues are ma<!e in a(H*onlan(*e with law and ri'gtda- 
tions, and whether sur]>lus supplies are taken up on returns and deticienci(*s iut*o\mte<l 
f«>r. 

7. Kfficien<*y, discijtliiie and ap|>earance of the troo)>s; state of anns, (Hpiipmenta 
and a<*(*outreiiieiits of all kinds; sufficiency, unifonnity and tit of clothing; instnic- 
tion, th«^in>ti<iil and pnu^tical, f>f n(mcomniiM<ioni*<l otii<t*rs and privates in military 
exen*ises and dutit*s; natun^and amount of <!rills, nvitations in tactics and drill tv^\- 
lations, target pnicti<*e, practux» nian*hes, practiiv in outjxist duty» field ser\'i*v, minor 
t«(*tics, and gynmastic exen*isi*s; etllciency in signaling; regidarity of |tayment of 

///** tnntfitif thfir health and whether the sick an* pn»|)t»rly care<l for. 



METHODS OF INSPECTION. 1:^5 

s. Tolut* aikI Hanitatioii of the \nit*X; vUnailitn*tv, Ktato of rc|Miir. an<l Niiiitary nm- 
fliiioii of all iMiiMinie}*. 

9- WIh'IImt t\uTv aiv Hiiitable n»oiiiii for iim*. nvjitftivi*!)-, an a library, n«ilinK 
rriotn. rha|i4*l, an<l Hi*h(M>l; fititlint*iit (iiiantiticx of ii<*wH|ia|i4*n«an«l iM^riodicalH, w*houl- 
iMMikn. 8tutioii4*ry aii<l H(*ho«>l iiiaU*rial for the nHi> of «>nti»<t4>«| ineii; whether the iiewH- 
|i(i(ien<, |i4*ri«MlicalH, an<l Hi*h(Mil)MMikH an* H«»lely UHe<l l»y eiiliftetl hh'h; whether the 
lihnirv nMUiinan* iiw**! at all hv otlhvrn, aii«l. if ho, whether it iiiterfen*H with their 
iiHi* l»y eiiliHtol men: the att4*uilaii(v ami pnvn'M' of piipiln aii<l the f<yHt«'iii of 
iiiHtnirtiim. 

10. SyKti'lii tif iiM*i«<iiiff, HUtKeieiiry, variety an<l pn^i^iratioii uf f«MMl. 

11. Whether lalNir of the Hiipply <le|iartiiientH in iierforiiKHl hy tnM)|if« or eiviliaiiH; 
if hy the latt<T. their iiumiUt, owt atteiitiiiiK an<l n^anoiiH for their eiiiployineiit aiitl 
kiiiil of lalMir |N*rf<»niH*«l hy them. 

rj. MiitiiH of tr.inH|iortatioii and itn eoniiition; t mining;, ^n Miming;, HhmMn^, Hiiit- 
ahiliiy, vet«*riimry tnnitment an«lei»nilttioniif pnhlie animaK ami numlN*r tiiiM*rvic*e- 
able. 

13. <*t»mlitioii iif all public pn»|ierty, ami whether umnI fnr privat** ptir|MiHi*t(; 
whether biiittlinp* ami )>ni|N'rty an* pn>|N*rly .•M*<-iin*«l a»oiiiiM tin*, theft, ami «lamairi*. 

14. Whether Mth-H nf Hilir'ir<t«*ni*«* Htoni4 an* ma<le til enlii<t«*il mena«*e(»nlin^ t«> ny\i' 
latioii.»: \%hethi'r then* an* ilamain**! fit'in-f, ami if tt*, in what (|iiantitief( ami how 
(lamap* v^ui* i-aiiM'<l. 

b'l. Water Hipply, f;u*iliti«*H f<»r laiimlr\' work, l»athiiii; ami nwimmin^, Hyntem and 
eomlition <if rH*wenu^* ami (Intina^*, ami niennH of extin^itHhinu tin*. 

lt». Mana;r«*mi'nt ami Hn«*e«*}«' of |MiHt exrhanp*. an«l whether pn»|N*rly Mipplit«ilan<l 
omdiu'ttil a«i-<»nlini; tti n*(nilationH: extent, iieeeit*ity for, and kind of ^nlenn, hui*- 
o<n* attending', and nundH*r of men emptoyixd then*in. 

17. Mana^'fiK'nit and application of the n*^imental. 1iak4*r>', ei>m)«ny, and nntw 
liimln, and uhrther the pnivinioiiH of Artiehi* XXXIV and XXXV an* eoniptie«l 
with. 

IH. Whether nvi"i*'ntal. fMvit and f«»ni|4iny lMM»kH« |ia|M*ni and tihi*. and thont* of 
itii* |iiw*t r*taff dcfiariinentj', i nclm lint; chaplain V ntrir<t«*r, an* pn>|N'rly kept, and the 
pn*!-eriUil mlUanil n*tunifi an* pn»|ierly pn*|ian*«l and pn»mptly forwanhnl. 

If*. (Vimlitifiii uf |HHi«t cemetery anil iti* n^'«»nlH. 

*JiK Ktlif'ifHi y *ii h(iv<pital o>r|if< and coni|«iny lM*aren« in andMitam*** and litter- 
N-anTN* tlrill, and meth«Hl*« of n'mlerin^' tin«t aid t«i the wound«Hl. 

97#. < Ml ciiiiiplftii»n uf an inM|N*ction «*f a \**tf*x i»r other ounmand of tnNi|iK under 
de|4irtmcnt -uiH-rviioiun. the in«|t<'«'tor*treneraI or ai'timr inH|Nf'ti»r-p*ni*rat will fur- 
nifili it.** i-iiinriiamlmt? o|lic«<r a written .••tat4*ni«*nt <»f all imvularitien ami ileti«*it«iici«w 
ol»4*r\«Hl. wliirh will U* kept t»n file f<>r th«* inf«»rniatii>n of oifnnian«liiiir ortiivrHaiid 
in**|i«'etiin>. Th«* 1*1 »nimamlini;ortici*r will. ii> <«iona^prwti(itbl«'. submit to theilefMul- 
nieiit «-«iniinaiider a ci»py i»f thii* f«tatenient, with a n*|H»rt nhiiuinir what n'tiKtli**** h«* 
ha- nppli«-«l of will apply to «iim*«*t eaA*h of tin* irninilantie** i»rdef«Hii* foun*!, and 
will ni-uiiifiiciiil till* pr<*|N*r ai*tii>n with n-iranl tu thi*^* that he hai* m*! |Miwer or 
authiirit\ til rcm«*i|y TheM* n'|iortit and •<tati*mi'ntf' will lie pn»mptly fuwanhil to 
thf \djntaiit-4tffiiTal i»f the .Vrmy by whom th«*y will U*tRin*imille«l !«> the In^int-tor- 
4ien«-r.il ftir tilt* with the f»ri»riiial n*|Mirt. At Matiuufi nut umler the i«ii|i«*r\iHuiB of 
ih*|iartnieiit i-unmiandena, tnr<|M*«i«int-in«nenil and actini; iij*iiHt't«»rN-^nenil will fur- 
nish iiki* -itatriiirntri, and cvimmamlinirutliivn* will furwanl O'piiv then^kf with njiortji 
tuth*' authunt\ tliat unlen^l the iiiit|«*«'tion. 

i»iniirk^i:iiKK'n» %%!» \i<ut\r*». 

977. lti*>|N^'tun»-fpi*fM*nil and aiiintf in«•|■«<«'tun-l^•n••^.d wdl ini|uin*ai* to thf ni*ei<i»- 
ftii\. f^*iMutii\ and pnipritt\ «if all di«biip«*m«*tii». their •In* I i^mfunnity tu the law 
appntpriatuiir the money, aii«l whetli«*r iIh* dtpUir^inir u|h«vn« t^tmply with the law 



136 INSPECTION OF PROPERTY. 

in keeping their acrounbi and making their depoflit8. A statement of receipts and 
expenditureH and of the distribution of funds, wit!i a lii^t of outiftanding checks, on 
forms fumishiHl by tlie Inspe<'tor-General of the Army, will Iw submitted by the dis- 
bursing oflicer to the insi)ei!tor, who should imme<liately transmit the list of outstaiul- 
ing chei'ks to the si'veral depositories. Ufwn return fn)m a dei)ository, Imlamt^ will 
1k» verifieii and notinl <»n the ins|)eetion rei>ort, whirh will tlien Ih' forwanle<i to the 
Ins|>eotor-(leneral. The list of outstanding chf^.ks will ben^taintnl by the ins])e<'tor, 
and a copy, with indorsements thereon, sent to the Insj)tH!tor-(ieneral. 

97D. When an ofticer ci*ases to act as a disbursing ofKcer, or closes his accounts 
on changi* of station, he will submit to the ofli(*er to whom the inspecticm of his 
a(*counts has lKH.'n assigne<l a statement of his money accounts fn>m date of last insiieo 
tion to and including the closing of his accounts, with a list of outstanding cluHrks. 
If an insiKH'tion Ik? impracticable, the statement will Ik* forwanled to the InsiKK*tor- 
Cieneral of the Armv. 

PROPKKTY KOR CXiNOKMNATION. 

979. Insi)ections having in view the c<mdemnation of property will Ik? made by 
ins|K»ctors-general, acting inspet^tors-general, or officers siH»cialIy designattnl by the 
iHHnmander of a dei>artment, the comman<ler of an army in the fleld, or higher 
authority. 

9KO. Otlicers will prepare and sign in triplicate, on blank fonns furnish(sl by the 
InsiR^ctor-General of the Anny, inventories of public property riMjuiring ins|)ection, 
an<l pn»sent them, with the property, to the inspector-general or acting ins[KH*tor- 
general at the time of his annual visit. In the case of rapidly deteriorating sulisist- 
ence stones or of unser\'iceable public animals, such inventorii»s will l)e prejiared 
when necessary, and unless the time of the annual visit of an inspei'tor Ik» near at 
hand, one copy will Ik» forwanie<l to the commander of the dejiartment or anny 
coqM or <livision in the field. Public animals will l)e inventoried singly, with a brief 
description of color, sex, age, and distinguishing marks. 

9§1. As far as practicable, inventories of unserviivable property will state the 
cost of the articles, and in case of damaged or inferior stores the <lepot whence 
obtaine<l, the marks u}K>n them, with marks on original packages, and names of ixm- 
tractors and insiHH'tors. The t»ertifi<ate as to the iH)ndition of the pn»i>erty on the 
inventory and ins|HX*tion reixirt will In* signeil by the officers "at»countable" 
therefor, and not by the offict»r "responsible.** 

9§Si. For insiK*i!tion the pmperty will bt^ arrange<l in the onler of enumeraticm in 
the inventory, every article will be examine<l by the inspectt»r, and the officer 
responsible will a(HHHn{>any him and be prejwinHl to give all nci\*ssary information 
in n^rd to it. 

9H9* Ins|H'<*tors will examine all pmperty propi»rly pn»st»nt<Hl for nmdenmation. 
When all proiH»rty presente<l has l)et»n destn)yt»<l in the presi»nce of the insjKvtor 
one inventory will Ik* forwanie<l by the inspeirting ollicer thmugh dej^artment head- 
quarters to the Inspector-General of the Anny and the others will luMlelivenNl to 
the aaMHintable otliivr. In (rasi*s in which the ins}>e<*tor n'Commen<ls the sale of any 
pn»iH»rty, or its transfer to de]M>ts, he will for^-anl all the inventories to <le(Kirtinent 
or anny cor|)s headquarters, and if the insiHH'tor*s a^^tion is appn)Vt'<l by the dejiart- 
ment or amiy cor] IS commander, ex<*ept as providi»<l in i>aragraphs 1727 and 1728, 
tw<) will Ik? n»turne<l to the accountable offi«»r and the other forwanlisl to the Adju- 
tant-! ieneral of tiK' .\rmy to Ik* transmitt^tl to the InsiH'<-t<»r-(ieneral <»f the Anny, 
and, in similar cases, when the aiHimntable <»ffi(*er is not serving under the deiiart- 
ment or army cor{is commander and all the proiH*rty has Ihhmi destn>ye<l in the 
pn'st»nce of the ins|)e«'tor, <»ne i*opy of the inventory will Iw forwanUsl to the 
7//i»yxY7/>r-( Jt»neral of the Anny and two to the actHmntable officer, or if sale <»r trans- 
/ar n/ the jtntjH'rty in reckon) mendeil, the ins\H?!cting <»ffiii»r will fonn-anl all the 



tKSPECTION OF PROPERTY. 187 

invi*ntori<*ri to the* In»(|»tii*t<>r-<fi*nenil (»f the Anny, who will forwanl them t4i the 
8eiTi»tj4ry of War thnm^h tht* ohief of bureau concemwl; one I'opy will Ik; returned 
to the InHpe4*t4>r-<ieneral and two to the aeinmntahle officer. 

9H4. Iniqiivton* will exen*iM> irreat («n* in examining property milrniitt^M to them 
for (*<indenination, and in niakini; nN^onnnendationH nyanlin); itii dinponition. Arti- 
cht* " to U* e«>ntinu<*<i in Hi«rviei»" an* mieh ai« an* ntill Hi»r>ieeahle. Tho«'**tol« 
dnip|ied'* fn»ni the n'tunii* ant HU<*h aM ctux not U* M>ld at the {Mwt and an* not worth 
cfiHt of tnuiH|M»rtatii»n to an arM*nal or de|M»t for re])air. If worthk*(W, they niunt he 
HO fanh'Htniycol an to pn*vent any jMnvihility of future pnt«entation. Sueh urti<*ltw 
an < ran not ln» d«'»*tn»y«Hl will, when pnu'ticrahle, U* marked '* !.('.** ( inH|MH't(*«l — iNin- 
«leiiine«lK or will In* broken up and the Her>'i(*««l>le |iartj« n*taint««l. ("ondemncHl 
aninialH will U* branded ** I. (.'.*' on the ne«*k under the mane. ShouM the iii^|NH*t- 
orV n*<^immendation U* diMapprnve*! in n*t;anl to artielex nuirkeil '* I. ('.." the 
niarkn will U* (iimvl«*d and a <vrtitieat4* of the fai't fdven to the n*i<|M>nHible otiiivr. 
Suitable bnindn and Ht4*n<*ilH will U* kept for iiMe of innjieotorH at |MM<ti* and de|M»ti^ 
Artieliti *'ti» U* Hold at fMint** an* mteh an an* of no further |»ublie une. «»r not worth 
f*«»(t of traiiHiMirtatioii to a (h*|M»t. Thone **to U* tunu*<l into (le|Mit *' an* nueh an can 
not U* n*|iHin*il at the |MN(t and an* worth eont of trani«]M>rtation. Small annn found 
to In* unfit fi>r r«4*rvi(*«* will In* tunu*d in to the neanttt arH(*nal or depot to 1m* bmken 
up, or dixiMMfl tif in at^conlanci* with the iiu<tni(*tionH of the S4vn*tary of War. 

•*lA, l*ublir pn>iN*rly in um* will not U* n*|»ort<*«l nu* unHer>-i(*t'!able nor c*on<l«*nme<l 
by an inft|ie«'titr men*ly )N*«rauHe'woni or nbabby in apiiearamv when n*ally Htn>ng 
and Her>'i<*(«ble. 

9M#. <in*ttt i*an* will U* taken ti» pn*vent pn»|M*rty onc*4* (*ond«*nin«*il and (»nlerpd 
«lrop|ieil from the n'tuniH fmm lH*ini; a^in pn'M*ntft*«l for inH|te<'tion. When |»ulilic 
pn»|ierty in pn-Hi^nti**! to an inH|>i*<*tor for iimdenuiation the otiiivr n*H|M>nHible will 
c*«*rtify on the* inventory that the pro|H*rty hat* not Uvn pn*vioui4ly atndenmi**!. 

9ti7. IiiH|Mi*ton« will, when pnuiicvble, 4*aibH* the dt*Htniction, in their pnwi*nce, 
uf all pni|i«*rty found t<» Ik* wort hlenn and which in without money value at or near 
the plai-«* of iuHiMt'tiitn, exi-ept nnuill antir*, and will Ktatt* in tlu*ir reiM>rtj< tluit '*the 
artirh'v* n'«-onunend«<»l to Ik* divtn»y<*il luive no money valut* at or near the |KM<t.*' 
Tile aiiion of an inHiKvtor «»n pn>|i«*rty of thij« cliaracter will U* final, and hit* n*|K>rt 
will U* a \alid voui-Imt for the nTtiMUUfible ofTuvr. InniMNion* will U* held n'HiMUiHible 
for their a<-tinn in thin |4irtirular. When pn»(K*rty thuH <*ondemn(*il in not deiitn>yed 
in the pn74'n4-e «if the iufiKftor the ni(|M»nr>ibl«* offh-er will tvrtify to tlie fa(*t (»f Hut>- 
Hi«|Uent der«tnirtii»ii in bin pnwno*. 

•MM. An ini*|N'«*tiMn n*iM>rt on «lamaKe«l rlothiiiK will net forth theamiMmtof <lain- 
aifi* tfi «'«<-h artirb*; n\im* a li!*t of HU(*h arti**!!*?* an an* fit for ifwne to priMmern, or, at 
n'*hi«'«tl pric«t*, X** enlir<l«*«l men willing to n<<^*iv<* them. 

•M9. lH*|ttrtment mmmandeni, tin* mmmander of an anny ei»r|tH or anny in tlu* 
fi<'|t|.<ir th«* ('4»mmamlin); <ienenil <>f the Anny, may irive onlt*rH, on the n*|iortji of 
authfn/«<il iii.-|N<etiin>. to M*ll.d<f»tn»y, or make Hurh other difi|Mifiition «if mndemm^l 
pr*>|Mrty »• iIk* chim* may n'tpiin*, ex<^*pl the xale nf nnlnani**' and onlnan«v l•ton'^ 
an«l the «lc!"tnii*tioii «if f«ildltt* ivviui**! by th«* onlnantv lN'|4irtmfnt, fur whirh the 
fipb-r* ■•f th«' N««-n'tar\ of War niui*t U* >fiv«*fi. If the pni|K*rty U* «if iimitideralile 
valiM'. and tbrn* U* )i*t*m\ n«M»n in HUp|fiM* that it imn U* mi»n* aihant«iri*«»iii*ly appli«^l 
i>r dif>|«M-«l of elM'when* tlian within the iimimanil. the matter will Im* n'f«'m-<l ti»tlM* 
War lK'|«irtmciit thn»uifh the .\djutant*<ienenil »*i the Anny. 

•#0. < >ril«*p* for till* fiiuil dii*|H«iititiii itf iiind«'nin<*<l pr«t|H*rty will In* iixb'r**'*! by 
lb«' prti|«fr uutliority on the inii|K*«*tion n*|«*n". ••sfb <'opy lN*iitt; maib* «-ofiipl«'l«* in 
iti«)f (MiewillU* forwanlt^l. thnMitfh military ibunncU. ti> tbt* In^iK^i'ti^r-^ tfueral 
«»f th«* Anny. and th«* ••then* ti> th«* »fi-oimtabli* ••fliivr. whi» wdl fiirwanl on**, or Miit- 
alih* extrai-tji then*fn»m, w ith hi** a<^«Mint-, ainl tile the otli«*r with hin n*tjuiu'«l v<a.v<»t«^ 



138 THE JUDGE- advocate-general's DEPARTMENT. 

ABTIOLE TiXXTTT. 

Judge- Advoc^atk-(t bnera l* h I )epa rtm ent. 

991. The Jmlgo-AcK'orate-OonerarH Department w the biirc«u of militarj' jiwtiee. 
The Jii(lgi»-Adv<K'att^General m the cniHtodian of the re<*or<lH of all general eourti^- 
niartial, eourtn of inquiry, and military eomniiHHionH, and of all papers relating t4) the 
title of landn under the control of the War Department, ex<M»pt the Washington 
Aqueduct and the publie buildingn and grounds in the District of Columbia. The 
oflicers of this department render opinions upon legal questions when called upon 
by proper authority. 

993. The judgi'-advtx^te of each department, or the officer acting as such, will, 
as soon as practii*able aft(*r June 80 of each year, render to the Judgi^Advo(»te-Gen- 
eral a ri*|M)rt for the year terminating on that date, giving the numlM*r and ('haracrter 
of cases tried by «»urts-martial in the department during the jHiriod. This reiK)rt 
will se{>arately classify the trials of officers and enlisteil men, an<l show whether by 
general, garrison, or siuu nary courts, the number of acquittals in each class and the 
numl)er of different luen trieil by inferior (*ourts, and contain his reconmiendations 
and remarks touching the administration of military justiire. 

993. The original proceedings of all general courts-martial, courts of inquiry, and 
military commissions, with the <lei'isions and orders of the n^viewing authorities 
nuule thereon, an<l the )>roceedings of all general courts-martial, courts of inquiry, 
and military conunissions which retpiire the confirmation of the IVesident, but which 
have not l)een ap|M>inted by him, will lx» forwaniwl dire<'t to the Judge-AdviH«te- 
Genenil. One copy of the order pnmiulgating the a(*tion of the court, an«l a t-opy of 
every sul>He<iuent onler affecting the case, will Ik» for^'arded to the Judge- .\dv<K«te- 
General, with the nnxtrd of (^a<;h case. When more tlian one case is embra<'eil in a 
single onler, a sufficient inunlH*r of copies will be for^'ankni to enable one t«> lie filed 
with each record. The proi'eedings of all courts and military cH>mmissions ap{M»int4Hl 
by the President will be sent din»ct to the Setrretary of War. 

994. Judgi^a4lvcK!ates and at'ting judge-advocates will foni'anl to the Judge- 
Advocate-< General, on June 30 each year, with the re|)ons pn»s<TilKHl in paragraph 
992, lists of the law IxMtks foi which they art^ resp<»nsible, 

995. Applications of officers, enliste<i men, an<l militar>' prisoners for copira of 
proceedings of gt*nenil anirts-martial, to be fumishe<l them imder the 114th article of 
war, will, when receive<l by post or other comnuin<lers, Ihj forwanled direct to the 
Judge- Ad v» icate-General. 

99#. Omununicati(ms ndating to pnx'eeclings of militar}' c<mrts on file in the 
Ju<lgivA<lv<K^tt^Generars Department will Ih» addntwed and forwanletl direct by 
de|Nirtnient conunan<lers to the Judge- Ad vcx-ati'-iteneral. In nmtine matters, the 
J udge-Adv< Kate-General and judge-advocat4'!S may corn»s|K>n<l with i»ai'h other dinnrt. 

99T. The reiK»rts which the Judge- Ad vwate-Genenil may render upon cases 
rectMvt*<i by him, and which re(|uire the acti(»n of the Ihiesident, will 1h> a<l<lresscHi 
to the S«vn*tary of War and will l)e forwanlinl, thn>ngh the Commanding (ieneral of 
the Anny, for such remarks and recommendations as he may see tit to make. 



ARRRHT AND CONKINRMKNT. 139 

ABTXOLE LXXIV. 

Arrbtt ani» (*onpimrmkn*t. 

1NIM. (*«iniitinnfHiii; oflTtccn* f-Tih' haw |M>W(*r III phuv oflitfrH in aiTPKt. extvpt ait 
|inivi<li*«l in th«* 24th Artit*U*<if War. An urr«*^t may h«> onl«'n*<l hy thmunnmnilinit 
otli«t*r, in |N*rH(»n or thnni^rh hii< Htaf! otfuvr, unilly or in writing;. 

9MI. An ofli(vr am*HU'«l will n*|iairttt <»n<v to hin tc'nt or f]iuari(*rH, ami tlH*n* 
rf'niain until nion* rxteml^^l liniitu haw Ihhmi irnintt**! I>y thi* mninmmlinff ottiitT, 
on writt<*n Hp|ili<iition. Cl<ii«e <x>nfiiH>uient will not U* 4*nfi>rr«'<l (*X(*«*pt in <iiMt« of a 
M*riotii« natun*. 

lOOO. otfitvrH will not Yie placed in am*i<t for liirht nffonmv. For th«*Hn tlu* cen- 
run* of th«* oHnniaiulin^ otfiivr will |rpn«*nilly annwcr tlu* |Hir|MiM* of ilim-iplim*. 
\Vh«*m'wr a (Nunniandiaic otri(*er plant* an «itfi(vr in arrtft and n*lt«M*H him without 
pn*ff*rrini; (*liarvit<, he will make a written rt*|Mirt of hiti ai^tion t4i the dc*)4irtment 
Cftmniander. xtatinff the cmiiM*. The de|iartnient nmimander, if he thinki* the cmiv- 
nion n*«|uin*f<, will «rall on the ofTicer amt(te<d for any explanation he may dmn* t4» 
make, and take mirh other aiiion ai« \w may think n<*«^-MKary, forwanlinK the |ia|ieni 
to the Adjnlant-4 ieneral of the Anny for file with the otfieer'n nH*onl, or for further 
artion. 

lO^l. A iiM*<Iieal «»fll<vr, ohanrefl with tlM> <*«)mmi»«ton of an offenw*, neeil not be 
pUiitl in amiit until the e«>urt-niartial for hin trial (■onvem-s' if the Hi*r\'i«t* would lie 
inomveiiienftNl therel>y, unU*»«i the ehanpe in «if a tUirnint <*hani<i4'r. 

lOO^ An (»fli(vr in arreKt will not w««r a Nwoni nor vinit otlieially hiit rommand- 
inir i>r other HU|ierior ofliivr, unl<*MH dinvtevi to do ini. Iliii appli<titiotu* an«l n*(|ueKtfi 
of «*very natun* will Im* nia«le in writing. 

1099. On the nian*h, field offieen* and noneomniiwione«l f^aff (»(n<vnt in amwt 
will follow in the n'ar ««f their n«i«|»ective reirimenti*, and «*om|4iny ofii<<«*rH and non- 
(*onimif*>ii»n«*d otficvnt in arrettt in rear of their nt(|M«(*tive comiianiei*, unliiM* otlu*r> 
wiM* »<|ttf*iully dtn'<i«^l. 

l#4^i. KnliKtitl men a^aiuKt wh<mi ctianrn* have lM*<*n pn*ferred will U* dting- 
nat«<<l af* "awaitinj; trial;** etilii«t4*(l men who have Ihvii triiNl will, prior to the pro- 
mulgation ni the n^ilt. I«* dei(i)niate«l ai« **awaitin^ n*tiult of trial:*' t*nlif<t«'<l men 
i>er\-inir M'nt«*nitf« of o»nfinenN*nt, not involving dii«h«>nonihle dinehanre, will U* deii- 
iirnat«^l a;* **irarrit<«in prit^inern;** thou eM^ntenet'vl to dinhonorahle diwharve and to 
t«*niii" **f I'ontiiM'nitMit in |N*nttentiarieii or at militar\' |MN<tj« will \n* «lei<i|mat4<il an 
**K«*n»'r«l pri«in«Tn." 

lO^A. Non<t»uimii«*ii»n«'«l ofliivn* will not U* fonfimnl at the inianlhouM* in ttim- 
|«ny with privati'**, fxceitt in aiorravated «*aM-H or when* tvi-aiM* ifi ft«an*fl, Init will tie 
phutoil in amwt in tlM*ir Imrrai'kit or <|tiart4*ni. 

1006. Kxivpt mt pmviileil in the 24th Artii^h* of War, or when nvtraint in ne«t«- 
aary. n<t t«*ildi«*r mill U* (^mfim^il with«Mit the onl«*r i»f an ofii<t*r, wlioHhall pn^viounly 
int|iiin* into hi« off«*nM*. 

14I07. Till' am-Ht of a nono>mniiMn«im*d ofli«i*r or the omfinrmeiit <»f a noldit^r 
will, ui* i«Min m* pniftitralde, ht* n*|iort4*«l t«i hia cirtn|4iny or ilftai'hnirnt o»mnian<k*r 
liy thv ottiivr authorizinir tiM* am«(. 

lHOti. IVi-iinvnt awaitinir trial hy, or undenroin^ wnteni'v* of. iri*nerml nnirt- 
niarti.il. anil tUtm^' i-iinfinM for i*eri<Hi» offvUMw will, if pnu'ti<iil»le. Im* kfpt ^\mri 
frtiiit thtiHf If intin<<«l h\ M*ntetMv of an tiif«*rit»r o Miri. nr fi*r min<>r Mff«>nMf». Knlif4nl 
UM'n a«»aitititf trial iir awaiting r««ult of trial will ti«it !■«• wnt to w<irk with learriMm 
or ip'tu'Ril priM»iH*n> if it ran In* a\iiidit|. and iim\ . in tht* di«in*tiMii «>f th«* «*oiiiiiauMl- 
iiilf iitliivr, l«» n^|Utr%^l t«* att4*iit| fIrilU, or w*nl to work. iumUt « luuyt* of a m'UtiiR*!, 



140 GENERAL PRISONERS. 

during the usual working liourn. General prisoners will not Ih^ eonfineil with other 
pri»?onerH except in ca^en of necetwity. 

1009. All jwrsons under guard without written charges will In* relea«e<l by the 
old officer of the day at guard mounting, unlesH npiH-ific onlerH to tlie contrary liave 
lHH»n given, in each case, by the commanding officer. 

1010. PriHfjnerH will not Ihj plat^l in irons except under sentence «»f a court- 
martial, or in the extraonlinary cai^e of a prisoner who, in the judgment of the com- 
manding ollicer, i.M a <le8i)erate or dangerous character, in which case rej>ortc»f a(*tion 
and the cin'uniMtances will Ix^ immediately made to the deitartment cominaiider. A 
prisoner may Ik? shackleil or handcuffed while lH»ing tranHix)rttMl from cme i>ost to 
another, or fnmi a iM>st to a ixMiitentiary when, in the judgment of the nfli<vr in 
chargi*, the escape of the prisoner can not otherwise? N» prevent^Ml. 

1011. The Secretary of War will designate certain j^osts as plact»s wheie general 
prisoners stMitemtKl to confinement for six months or mon? shall s(»rve their ^ en tenci'S. 
S|H?cial rules and n»gulations will be pronmlgated by the War I)t»partment to govern 
the enfortvment of discipline, the metho<is of guarding, an<l the treatment of thetie 
prisoners, also the measure of lalnir to Ik? impose<l and the character of clothing and 
diet to Ik? furnished them. 

lOlti. IMsoners will be forwanle<l from places of trial to posts at which they are 
sentence*! to sen'e confinement only on orders of dejmrtnient conunanders or higher 
authority. The strt»ngth of guards to accomi)any them will 1k^ limited to the nece»- 
sitit^ of safe delivery. Orders detailing guanls in charge of military prisoners sent 
to the IJniteil States Penitentiarj' at Fort Leavenworth, Kans., will provide for the 
n*tum journey of theguani an<l for commutation of rations, when such commutati.>n 
is n<H't»sHary. The (*onunanding officer of a i)ost from which a prisoner is transferred 
will w*nd, under seal, to the commanding offi(*er of the jK>st where the sentence of 
confinement is to In? executiHl the following {)a]K?rs in hi8ca»*e, viz: Disc^han^e paiK^rs, 
if disc'hargiMl, dc^siTiptive list, onlers promulgating and mcxlifying K»ntenci»s, state- 
ment of conduct while under sentence to date of transfer, and a list of clothing in 
possetwion of the prisoner when forwanied. 

1013. All si*rvii*eable clothing which belongs to a prisoner, and his blankets, will 
a(vomi>any him to the post designated for his confinement, and will bo fully itemizeil 
on the clothing list mentioneil in the preceiling paragraph. The guanl in chai^ of 
the prisoner during transfer will W furnished with a duplicate? of this list and will \ie 
held nvjxjnsible for the delivery of all articles itemizeil then»in, with the prisoner. 
At least (me R»r\-iceable woolen blanket will Ik? sent with every such i»risoner so 
transfemHi. 

1014. The }H*rsonal effe<'ts of militar}' prisoners who have escape?*! fn»m confine- 
ment, ex(vpt such a«» i)ossess some s)HH*ial value as kei*[)«ake8, may Ik? (Usikjih^! of by 
sale as in the cas*» of effwts of deivasi**! soldiers, an«l the pnMXMjds thennjf, together 
with any mon(*y left by the prisom*r in the hands of the comiiany commander, be 
turni'il over to a jmymaster, who should act nmnt for the same in the maimer ijroNndtNl 
for paymasters' (H>lh>ctions. The ofiitvr will take the juiymaster's nnvipt for the 
amount {»ai<l hhn and forwanl the same to the Auditor of the Tnnisury for the War 
DejMirtmt'nt. 

lot 5. A general prisoner, when released from confinement at a i»<»st, will 1k' care- 
fully examined and a re*H>n! of all marks, scars, an<! physical iKHniliaritii^ ntade by a 
me<!icid offi<»<'r on the outline iigure can! use<! in the examination of rtvnuts, whicli 
the miNlicul ntlicer will forwanl direct to the Suiv«»<»n-<teneral. 

1016. Prisoners will 1k» allowe<i, in al>atement of their terms of confinement, five 
days fnrcsach iM>ri(M] of twenty-five days during the whole of whi<-h their conduct has 



CXMTRT8-M ARTI AL, 141 

been k<*<**1; l^it alwtemcnti* thtu* camefl may )m* forfi'iUtl, vitli<*r wUdIIv (»r in |Mirt, 
l>y Hu)N«iN|U«*nt iiUf4(*<»nilu<*t. Suoh forfiMtuni* an* (lt*tonnint*<l l>y the oHnmaiidinK 
ol!i<vr of tht* iKif<t when* a priMmiT in conlintNl. 

1017. Tlu* |M)M'fr to {lanloQ or mitipito puninhnK'nt ini|>(iHc«l by a <Y>urt-inartial, 
Viiit4*«I in tlu* authority which t*(»nfinnH the prtHtHNlinp*, (*xt«'n«lH only to un4*x«*<*uti*«l 
|M)rtionH<>f a H4*nterei\ anil rc)ntiniu>}* only while the prinmer riMnainn under the jurin- 
(iietion of that aut'iority; the fact that a HoMier hai4 Uvn (lishononihly dinehannNl 
thnni^h hi." nenteiiei* (l«ieti not affet^t tliin jMiwer. An appliintitiii for elenieney in eune 
of a ^'nenil prisoner i«i*nten<^*<l to eonflnenient in a |M*nitentiary will U* fon«-anle«l to 
the Sivn-tary of War f<»r the ai-tion <»f the rn*i*i«lent. The |M>wer tt» •'eomniute** 
w*ntenf^*H ini|M»He<i liy military trihunabi, not ln^in^^ vt^Htetl in military comnianderH, 
can «>nlv U* exereiwtl bv the IViftident. 



ABTIOLE 

('«»rin>*-MAKTi \i,. 

1Q1%, The onh'r np|iointini; a(*ourt-martial will name iti* memlN*n« in onler of 
rank, an<I they will nit aniinlin^ t«> nink at* announ<-e«l. A (h*<*i!4ion i»f the ap|i«»itit- 
in^ authority at* to the numUT tliat can Yh* aMH*mhli*<l without injur\' t4» the Her\'i(*« 
ii« e«ineluf<iv«*. 

1^19. The pla4V tif hohlini; a murt i^ thvi^oiattvl hy the auth<irity ap|iointinf; it. 
Couri.M^iill U> af<M*nih]«tl at |Mw«tM or Htatioiia where trial or examination will U* 
attemh^l \iitli the hurt ex|M'nfie. A meniU*r fftatiomt! at the platv when* it i«iti< in 
liable to ibity uith hin eomman*! <lurinir a<iJoumnient from <lay to (lay. ('ourin vtill, 
ai* far m* pnu-ticabl**, hoM their wwionn >«> uls* tf> interfere leai*t with onlinary routine 
(luti«*^. 

llhlO. A pn-s^ith'Ut nf the e«iurt >%ill imt U* annonnc«*iI. The otlicfr hi^h«'»*t in 
rank pn-^^'nt will ju't lu* pnt^ident. 

lOtll. A <*i>uri -martial h:v* no |M»wer t** )luni^h ilH iiieni)ien<; but for tlinmlerly 
c*«in<ltii t ;i mi>mUTi<* liabU* int* f<>r othi*r off«*nMi«apftinM military (li*<4'ipline. Impn>p<*r 
«iir<U ii'Hil by him nhtiuM U* taken «loun in writing;, and any «liiii»nlerly «*i»nflurt 
n'|Mirti-l t<* till* ap|iointintr authority. 

1IMI)I. WIkmi a eiMirt Htf* in et<M*(l mwiiu the juiltriMulvocate ^%ill withilniM. uta<l 
whf'ii \*tr*i\ a«l\ii*i* i »r iM*ir*tan(*e ii« niinin-tl it will U* obtaim**! in tip.'n murt. 

M'BI^KXA?* n» WirM>l»l>. 

llhi:|. Thf juili;»*-a<lv<Miite will pummnti th«> nce«*rf«ry witiM<tMf« ft*r tli«> trial. Irt.t 
Hill ni4 Muiimoii wititcfMii-H at the e\|i«*nM* iif th«* 4tt>V4*rnmi'tit uithnut tin* <*nlfrof 
thr 4 ourt. inil«-^ Kiti-tiiil that their t«*)»tim«iny i« material an«l nf<-«*"Nir\ . A ^ub|«i'tia 
ma%' U»*^T\i"«l bv aiiv iN>n«»n. 

lOtll. .lu*l(^-.i<lviN-iitt*^ iif 4*i II irtfi. martial %iill. %i hfUevvT it i« }M>!-«ibli'. -i^-n*! n\i\*- 
\*i uaj* llin>u^h military i'h.inni*li*. 

19)IA. An <>tli«-«-r ^^r enliMdl man wIh* n-eeixe* a mnntnon** !«• attfii<l iv* a >%ilneM« 
U-f«>n* .in\ tiiihtary o'urt, Uanl. ei\il murt, *»r nthi-r tribunal ri>m|i«*t4'nt t«> iivtiu* 
rinb|-i no.-, wbifh i« •ittin}{ lH*yi«n«l the limiti* *»( the ib'i^irtmciit uhen*hf i« *«'rviii(r, 
yk\\\. Ufiin* Martirik' t** MU*y the rtuninioiut, f^trwanl it thniutrh the pn»|Mr channel 
!•• hi*< il«-|«irtnti-nt i*«mman«ler, that nev'VMVirx «ir«|i*n«. or authoritv t«» f»U'V a (-t\il 
|.r«H-t-«. tiia> U' (:i\fn. In undent cAfn-M, t.r whtii th«* publi«* inti'n**t v^iHiltl Ym* liable 
ti> Miffi r b*. ili'lay. a |>i«"t « iimtiian«lcr m.iv aiith>»n/e immi^liate il«-|«iriun*. n')H>r1inir 
hi<* ai't'tiu an«l the n*afx»n« therefor to th** «le*iurtm«'nt i-KinmaiMli-r. 



140 GENERAL PBISONER8. 

diirinfi^ the umml working hoiin*. Geiioral prisonerH will not \hi ironfinwl with other 
pritfonere except in csusea of iK>eet<Hity. 

1009. All i>erson8 under giianl without written charges will l)e n»leastNl by the 
old oiRcer of tin* day at gtiArd mounting, unle^w Hixvific ortlern to the contrary have 
Ihmmi given, in each case, by the commanding officer. 

1010. IVinoners will not Ikj place<i in irons except under wentenci^ of a court- 
martial, or in the extraonlinary ciwe of a prisoner who, in the judgment c»f the com- 
mundtng otiicer, in a di«|)erate or dangerous character, in which case n^jxirt c»f a4*tion 
and the circumstances will l)e immediately made to the dejMirtment comma!\der. A 
[>ris<mer may Ik» shackle<l or handcuffi^l while Inking transi>orte<l from one i>oHt to 
another, or fn»m a )M>st t4> a iH'uitentiary when, in the judgment of the oiticvr in 
charge*, th(» es<'apt» of the prisoner can not otherwise* ^h» preventtMl. 

1011. The S<'crt»tary of War will designate certain jMwts as i»lai^»s wheie general 
pris^jners wntencinl to confinement for six months or more shall st»rve their t en t«»nct»H. 
SjRM'ial rules and regidations will be pn)nuilgate<.l by the War IVpartment to govern 
the enfoniMuent of iliscipline, the metlnxls (»f guanling, and the trt»atment of tliesc 
])risoners, also the measure (»f lalH)r to Ih» im|)ose<i and the character «»f <*lothing and 
diet to l)e furnished them. 

lOlii. IMsoners will be forwarded from places of trial to posts at which tht»y are 
8enteni'e<l to sen'e confinement only on orders of <lei»artment comnmnders or higher 
authority. The strength of guartls to ac^comjiany them will 1k^ limitiMl to the iu»cea- 
sities of safe delivery. Ortiers detailing guanls in charge* of military priwmers sent 
to tlie Unite<i Stiiti»s Penitentiarj' at Fort Ix^venworth, Kans., will provi<le for the 
return journey of theguanl an<l for commutation of rations, when such conunutati>n 
is ncH'essary. The conunanding officer of a jnist fn)m which a jirisoner is transferred 
will semi, under se'al, to the commanding offiwr of the jKist where the si'ntence of 
confinement is to Ik? exccute<l the following paiK?r8 in hiscaM**, viz: Discharge* pa{)er8y 
if elise'lmiyeHl, <U*seTiptive li.**t, onle»r« pronmlgating and mo«lifying se^ntene-en*, state- 
me»nt of conduct while umler sentence to date of transfer, and a list of e*1othing in 
|M>sse^ssion of the i)risoneT when forwarded. 

1013. All se*r>'iceable clothing which Ix^longs to a prisoner and his blankets, will 
aex^omjiany him to the post de'signatenl for his e*<mfineme*nt, and will be fully itemized 
ein the (*lothing list mentiemenl in the preninling {laragraph. The guanl in chai^ of 
the prisoner during transfer will 1h> furnished with a duplicate of this list and will \ie 
he»l<i n'S|M»nsible? for the ile»livery of all article»s ite^mizenl therein, with the prisewer. 
At le*ast one seTvi<x»able wcK)len blankest will Ik^ sent with eveTy such i>risoner bo 
transfernnl. 

1014. The )K*rsonal effe^-ts of militar>' pris«mers who have e^scajKNl from eronfine- 
ment, exevpt such a** i)osse*ss some s|)eH*ial value as keM'iwake»s, may 1h' <lisi><is<Hl cf by 
sale as in the case* of e^ffevts of deH*e»ase*<l se»ldiers, and the pn)ce*e<ls there*of, together 
with any money left by the pri.^>ne*r in the hands of the com[)any e'onunander, be 
tunuMl over to a jmymaste'r, who should ae'count for the same in the manni'rprovideel 
for i»aymasters' colle<*tions. The officeT will take the )»aymaste*r*H ret'e'ipt for the 
amount jwiid him and forwanl the same to the Audit<>r of the Tn*asury for the War 
De'jKirtment. 

1015. A g(*ne*ral pris<ine*r, when releaflcel from (x>nfinement at a jMist, will l»e care- 
fully examineNl luid a ren'onl of all marks, se^rs, and physical iH.*<*uIiaritie*s made by a 
me*«lical olliivr on the outline figure canl usenl in the examination of n'<*nuts, wliie'lt 
the m(*<Ii<'al officer will forwanl direct to the Surg<'on-<iene'nd. 

1016. )*risone*rs will 1m* allowenl, in alMite*ment of their tt*rms of n)nfine*me*nt, five 
elays fore'au'h {n'ritMl <»f twenty-five days during the whole of which the*ir ctmduct has 



OC)URTrt-M ARTI AL. 141 

l)oi*n K^x^i; t>i>t Afwtementu thtu* t«me<l may U* f<)rfeiU*<i, i*itli<*r wholly or in |Mirt, 
l)y Htil)He<|ii<*nt iiuHttrnfliict. Such forfoitiini* an* 4U*temuiu>«i hy th<* 1*0111 inaiuliiiK 
oiluvr of th(* |M>Ht whm* a prisoner in o«>nfin<*<l. 

1^1 7. T\w [iow(*r t4» |ianl(»n or miti|^te puniHhtiu'nt iinp<i»HHl hy a (xmrt-martial, 
vt«t4*<l ill the* authority which iHmflmiH the* |>roo(i*<linp(, oxt«MiflN only to um'XtNiitc^l 
{MirtiouHof a M'utcrce, aixl continues only while tlu* priHom'rnMnaiiu* under the juriif- 
ilirtii»n of that aut'iority; the fart that a Hohlier haM Uvn dinhonorahly (liM*hann*<l 
thnui^h hij4 m*nteu(*t* (l<ii*tf not aff<H*t tliii* iM»wtT. An a|»{>li<*ation for clenieiiry in i*iu>e 
of a (Cfiieral prinoncr H4*nten<H*«l to confinement in a {lenitentiary will U' forwanletl to 
the Si-retary i>f War for the ai'tion of the I'nvitlont. The {Miwer to "commutt*** 
fii*ntenf^i« im{Mif«<*«l by military trihunaln, not lM*in({ vented in military n>mnumden*, 
can onlv U» exen-im^l bv the lYucddeot. 



ABTIOLE 

1Q1%, Till* onler apfMiintin^ a court-martial will name iti* memlM*n« in onler of 
rank, anil they will hit a<*<*«>nlin^ to rank tu* announ<i*il. A dtvinion nf the a|»|M»int- 
in^ authority at* to tht* nuniU*r tliat can \h* ai«emb)e<l without injur}* to the M.*r\'ict* 
in ninclu5iv«*. 

1019. The plaiv 4»f huhlinff a <*ourt it* dcvi^auitiMl hy the authr»rity apfiointinf; it. 
Courts* will \n* aHM*mhl«*<l at iMif<ti< or ntatioiis where trial or (*xaniination will 1m.* 
attmdttl ^%ith the h-ant exiM^nw*. A memlK*r Htatione*! at the pUuv when* it niti* ia 
liahli* to duty with liiK 4*oniman<l during ailjoumment fnim day to day. (\mrtH will, 
tut far iii* pnu*ti<tihl«s hold their Mt«i<»ni« ho ai* to interfere leant with onlinary nHitinc 
dulitf. 

llhlO. A pnrnideiit of th«* oHirt will not U* aiinouiic««il. Tht* otluvr hi^h«*><t in 
rank pn'M'nt will ui*t an pnyident. 

I041. A court -martial hai* no |H>wi*r ti> )»unif>h itn menilien<; hut for diH<»nlerly 
otndui t a m«'rulMTiHlial*l<> ai« for (»ther (»frenM*Ha>a&inf*t military di^'iplin**. Ini|>n»|»(*r 
wonlr* u**<n| hy him f*h<iuld U* taken down in writing, and any <liiii>nl«*rly ci>ndurt 
n*|Mtrt«*«l to th«* a|>|tointintr authority. 

llhltf. \Vli4*n a 4*<»urt Htn in 4*l<**(*il m^on tin* ju«l^^uilv4M'at«* will uitlnlniu. ai*«l 
wh«*ti If-ptl ailvi4^* «>r aMnMamv if« n^|iiin*il it will U* 4>htain«'«l in op.*n 4*«Kirt. 

MCiniK^Aft T*» MirM>ft»«. 

Ilhl9. Tli«* jui||ri**ailv(Mmti* will aummoii tin' n«*«-«f««ry witae»4i«i*f* ft»r iIm* trial. \n»i 
will hot summon uitn4fw4e>« at th<' «'X|ii*nM* of tin* <tov«>nim4*iit without tlu* onhT 4»f 
till* 4i*urt. unlt«M« Hutij^fii*!! that their teMiuKiny i** material uikI ti«'«t«<«ary. A Hih|Mfna 
niav U'wrvi-il hv anv |ii*n«»n. 

1<HI-I. Jud(:i*-;wl\«H*ut«f* of 4*<»urt I*- martial will, wImmh'Vit it i^ |«>««ihl«*. •^•nd miIh 
|Mi-naf* tliroii(rh military i*hann«*lf*. 

1IMI5. All oititiT or ««nliMi'«l man who nM*fiv«*»* a i«uiiimt»nf< to att«*nd xu* a Hitiiti«« 
tM'fiifi* aii\ iiiilitary onirt. lioanl, 4*ivil (*i»urt, or itthiT trihimal 4*<*m|t«*t<'iit t«> ii«*tH* 
i*iih|*i ii4ir>. whiih i<« ^ittint; U'votiil the limiti* of tin* 4li>|iartm«*nt wh«>n*hf i** M*rviii|r, 
will. U'fon* Mariiiit; to 4ilN*y the i*umni4»iij«, forwanl it thniii^h tin* |tro|MT rhaiuiel 
t4» hi«< ilf|4iriiii«*nt 4i>iiiiiiaiiiler, that n«<ci^««irv onl«*n*, 4»r authf»ritv to 4»U>v a I'ivil 
|inHf*<pi. ma> U* trt\*>n. In urv«*nt iram***, or whfti the fHihlic int4»n-f*t w«»tild U* liable 
to fiifft-r b> d4*lay. a |«(*t (Mmimamli'r nm) aiith«»ri/4* iiiimftliate 4|««|iartun\ n-|HirtitiK 
hi** ait'oii and th«» n-afH>tift therefiir to tht» tl«**«irtm«*nt I'ltintiiandiT 



142 WRITS OF ATTACHMENT CHARGES. 

WRITS OF ATTACnMENT. 

1096. Jud^ire-advocateH of military conrts, in ismiing procrcsH under section 1202, 
Revi8e<l Statutes, to (Y)mpel the attendance, as witnesHes, of persons not in the mili- 
tary service in the iState, Territory, or District in which the court sits, will fonnally 
direct the same to an ()tficer desi^o^ated hy the dejiartment (romrnander t^) exivute it 
The nean^Ht military commander will furnish the necessary military force for the 
exeinition of the process, if force be required. 

CHABGES AND SPECIFICATIONS. 

lOtiT. Commanding officers are not required to bring every den»liction of duty 
before a court for trial, but will endeavor to prevent their recum»ntx^ by ailmonitions, 
withholding of privileges, and taking such ste|)s as may l)e necessary to enforce their 
orders. C<»mpany commanders are authorize*!, 8ubje<*t to the control of the com- 
manding officer of the post, to dispose of cases of derelictions of duty in their (t>in- 
mands which would be within the jurisdiction of inferior courts-martial, by requiring 
extra tours of fatigue, unless the soldier concerned demands a trial. This right to 
demand a trial must be made known to him. 

109II. Cliaixes against an enlisted man forwanled to the authority i^mpetent to 
appoint a general <x)urt for his trial will be accompanied by a statement in the pre- 
scribed form, setting forth the dates of his present and former enlistments, the cliarac- 
ter upon eai^h of the disc^harges given him, and the date of his confinement for the 
offenses alleged in the charges. This statement is intended simply for the infonna- 
tion of the cxmvening authority, and will not l)e introduced in evidences nor made a 
part of the record of the trial, but will be returned to the convening authority with 
the re<*ord. 

lOliO. Commanding officers will, before forwanling cliarges, |H'rsonally investi- 
gate them, an<l, by indorsement on the chai>!es, will certify that they have made 
such investigation, and whether, in their opinion, the charges can })e sustaine<l. 

lOStO. Charges submitted for trial by a summar}' court should }>e ac(H>mpanied by 
eWdence of previous convictions, to be funiishetl when pra<'ticable by the olficer pre- 
ferring the charges; or, if the evidence is contained in the summary court rword 
lxK)k, a refereiK-e to it will be sufficient. If this evidence is not submittetl or cited, 
the summary- court may take judicial notice of any such evidence which that lNX>k 
contains. 

1^3 1. Chaiv^^s preferred for offenses cognizable by inferior courts will Ik* laid 
before the {K)st commander, who, if he thinks that the accused shouM l>e trie<l, will 
cauM^ him to 1m> bnmght l)efore the summary c^nirt, where he will lx> arraigneti and 
allowe<i to pleail ac<*ording to ))revailing court-martial ])ractii*e. If an accuse<l neither 
demands a n^moval of his ctise to a regimental or garrist^n court, nor (he ))eing a non- 
coinniiA«ione<l offi<H»r a)K>ve the grade of corjwral) objiM'ts to trial by an inferior 
court, nor plea<ls guilty, and the suminar>' court officer is not the accuser, witnesses 
will Ih' sworn and evi«lencv nnvived — the acvused being |H»nnitted to testify in his 
own lK*half and make a stat^'ment; but the evideni^^ and statement will not be 
rec<irde<l. The summary court, as soon as trial is conclude4l, will n^conl its findings 
an<i scnt4*n(v in the [)rescriUMl re<*ord liook and submit it to the i)ost (x)inmander, 
who will HH'onl therein his a[>pn)val or disappmval, in iwirt or whole, with date And 
signature. Shrmld the {Hwt commamler Ite the sununary court, the findings and 
sentence will l>e reconle<l in like manner. No other rei*onl of the proceedings will 
l)e kept, and such trials will not lie published in orders. Post c*oinmanders will fur- 
nish company and other i^ommanders with «>pietf of the summar}* court reftinl rela- 
ting to men of their conunands, said copies to be ciertified to be true copies by the 
poet <'o/niiian<ler or adjutant. 



CHAROKH AND 8rKriKlCATI«)N8 — TRIALS. 143 

109)l. W)m*ii n |MN4t n>mmari«li*r mti* ai* « Hiiniiiiary f*(>urt, no Hppnival of th«* M*n- 
U*nti* t* nNiiiinHl Ity Uw, Yiut h<* hIiuiiM Hiirii tlio Hi*nU»ii(*«* aH |Mif«t f*«»iiiiiiaii(ler and 
<latc> hiH Hitnmtiin*. 

1^99. NotMimiiiiiivioncMl oflitvn* a1)ov<* the raiik of r«>r|>orHl will not, if they 
ol>j«*i't th«*n*t4i, )n* l>nKi|{lit to trial liefon* nviniental, KHirifton, «»r rninimary oMirtM- 
hiartial, with<»nt tlu* authority of tht* otihvr ('<»m|»(*t4'nt to onl«*r their trial )»y general 
court-martial; nor will w*npi«iitii of tlu* |MiHt non(*oniniit«<iomHl ntaff or h«iH|iitnl ntvw- 
anln U* n*<hi(ii*il, hut they niay U* (iinhonorahly dlxehar^efl whenever n*«lu4'tion in 
inelu(lt*il in the limit <»f punitihment. 

1034. Tht* Humniary omrt will lie ofH^ntNl at a Ktat«*<l hour t*very mitniinir t^xivpt 
Sunday fi>r the trial of Hueh caniv an niay |>ni|H*rly U* hn»uvrht U*fon* it. Trials wil 
U* hail tin StuKlay only when the exi);i*neie9< of the nerviiv make it n<*<<i*MNiry. The 
«*on imam lint; otihvr, and not the e<»urt, will d<*tenuiiie when and wlu'.t caM*** t-hall lie 
broiiirht lM*fon* it. lH*lav in the trial of a i«»ldier hv Hunuiiarv c*ourt tUnv u**{ invali- 
data* the |>n»f«*<HlinK)i, hut may In* roiii<id«*nHl hy the <*ourt in awanlint; M'nteno*. 

109il. Summary «*ourta an* MiihJ4'<'t to the n*i<trif*ti<»nf« nanutl in th«> X{t\ Artirli* of 
War. S lid ierx a^iuHt whom (*luirvi'»i may U* |»n*fern*d for trial hy nummary <f mi rt 
will not U* (*ontin<*<l in thetnianlhiHiM*, Init vtill In* |ilaee<l in amt<t in <|ttarten«, lN*fon* 
and durinir trial and while awaitini; m*ntenei*, exivpt wlM>n in |4irtirular <'«t<e« 
restraint ma% U* n(M<i*f«<ar\'. 

* • 

IO«i#. Wh«>n(*ver, under the pn)viinonii i>f the Humniary-4<ourt a«i. it lN*<*oniefl 
n«*«ii««iry U* (*onvene a tnirriNUi or nfrinientat omrt, the order ap|>ointini; it will 
iitate the facti* which hrini; the i^mi* to In* tri<*«l within the exivptiont* of tluNn* lawn. 

TKI A I/*. 

1097. Th«* <*i»mmandinK «iffi<'er of a |MM<t when* a ir«*n«'ral <*i»urt-martial ii« (*onvent*«l 
will, at till* n-vimitt of any primmer who h* Ut U* arniitme«l. iletail hh counnel f«>r hia 
di'frnM* a fuitahle officer, one not din*«*tly n*f*|MinHihlc fnr the iliM'iplin** of an orKaiii- 
zalion M*rvinif thervat, n«ir a«*tinff ai* a Hummary «iiurt. If then* U* no hucIi 4itlici*r 
availahlf, the fa«i will U* n*|Mirt«*d t4> the apfMuntin^ authority for a4'tion. An officer 
m* dctailc«l nhiiuld |N*rfonn ouch dutien an iiMually devolve u|Min !*■ tunnel fi»r defendant 
lN*fon* civil <*ourti< in criminal (wnw. Aa audi ohhun*! he nhould fniard the int<*ni<tj« 
of till* priw>n«'r hy alt lionorahle and hvitiniatc m4*anr4 known to the law, f«» far an 
thcv un* n«>t ini*i»nr«iF<tent with niitttarv n'lationi*. 

• • 

I09ti. Whenever a f«*ltlier in con\ict«'«l of an offrUM* for which a diM'n*li4inary 
punishment \r» aiithoriiu<«l. the caiurt will n'«t*i\e e\iilenn* of pn>vi<»uf ittiixictiitn**. if 
then* U>any; iturh evif|en«v U'lnir limiti*«l, extvpt in tin* (*aM* «*f th-M'rtinu, tii pn»- 
viitu." CMn\if*tioni« hy «*iiurti^martial of any offeiiM* or **ttvuMr» within one year pn*- 
c«-«lintr the arraifninient anil durinir the ciirn'nt enlistment. <ieneral. niriniental, 
and irtirriMiu courtji-martial will, after a fuidin)^ of ^nnlty. U* o|N*ne«l for the |Hir]HiHi« 
of aHi-rtainini; wh«*ther then* \i» Hich exideniv and, if *«•, *>( nifivinir it. l*n*\ioUf« 
ituuictionit hy o Ml rt«^ martial niiiiit Im* pniv«*ii hy the n^Ninlnof pn*viou** trial?* and 
I'^'uvii'tioiiw. fir hv dulv autheiiticmt*^! tiipii**! of Htch ni-onlfi, or hv diilv aiithenti- 
cat«*)l cipii-* iif theonh«n«pnMinil|CBtiiitf Hich trial**. <ieiienil ci mi rtf*- martial will iim- 
Mder onl> fiiii'li evideiMv of pn'^iouii ronvictioiiii ai- im n*fernfl to them h\ tlu* 4*itn- 
\ciiihtf authi»ritv. The tifiiuil evi<leii«v of pn*vi«Miji conviction* hv r<iiiiiiiuirv ciMirt in 
the o*p> of a Nuinmarv* i^Mirt n^'«>nl funii«*hei| to i^>m|<iny aiiil other iiMiimaiiderw, 
as n*i|uin*il hy |<irai;rmph KCttl, Anny Ke|fiilalii»nr*, or one furnishi-«l for the puqM«^, 
and certitieil to In* a tnie oipy hy the \umt iiMiimaiuler or ailjutant. When the pnwtf 
pniiliioil i<* the lopy fiiniiiihed to the ci>fii|«iiiy or otlu'r eiMiimander. it will !«• 
n*tiinieil to him and ao»py of it attailu^l ti» the n*eonl of the i;fiu*nil, nvinieiital, 
or learriMin i*(rtirt trvinir the mm*. Charve^ fitrwanhil to the aut|p>rit\ c«Mii|N*ient to 
onler a |p*fM*nil rvairt •martial, or NulMiiitteil tf» a nummary, inirriM'ti. or nvimeiitaJ 
iiajn-inartial, muaC la* •c<i*i»iu|«fiit'«l h« the pni|N*r eNideno* of pn*«iiKi^ oMnicttitna. 



144 SKNTEKCK8. 

KENTBNCKB. 

lO30« Whenever by any of the Articles of War punishment in left to tlie diwre- 
tion of the court, it shall not, in time of peace, be in excess of a limit which the 
Prenident may prescril)e. The limits so prescribed are set forth in the Manual for 
Courti4-Martial, published by authority of the Secretary of War. 

1040. SentenceH imposing tonra of guard duty Are forbidden. 

1041. When the sentence of a court-tnartial prescrlbefl imprisonment, the i*ourt 
will state therein whether the prisoner shall be confined in a penitentiary or in some 
place under military jurisdiction, being guided in its determination by the 97th 
Article of War. When a penitentiary has lieen erroneouHly de«ignate<l, the review- 
ing authority may disapprove it and designate a proper place. 

104d. General x'ourts-martial may sentence soldiers to coufmcment in a pi^niti^n- 
tiary for offenses which are thus punishable by ^mie statute of the Unittnl .States or 
by a statute or the common law of the State, Territory, or District in which the 
offenses are committed. Department commanders will designate the Uniti'd States 
Penitentiary at Fort I^^aven worth, Kansas, as the place of such execution of s«M)tence, 
in cases in which the term of confinement imiM)se<l is more than one year. If any 
8tate or Territory within a military department has made provision by law for the 
^confinement of such prisoners in its penitentiaries, the department commander, with 
Iho appmval of the Secretary of War, may designate one as the place of exe<'ution of 
sentence. 

1043. When the court has sentenced a prisoner to t*onfinement at a |x)Ht, no 
power is c^ompetent to increase the punishment by designating a penitentiary as the 
place of confinement. 

1044* When a sentence of confinement or forfeiture is in exct^ss i>f the legal limits 
the part within the limit is legal and may be executetl. 

1045. When the date for the conmiencement of a term of continemcnt imi>osed 
by sentence of a court-martial is not expressly fixe<l by the H*»ntence, the tenn of 
confinement K^gins on the date of the order promulgating it. The siuitence is con- 
tinuous until the term expires, except when the {X'rson w^ntencetl is al>sent without 
authority. 

1046* The order promulgating the proceefUngs of a c*ourt and the action of the 
reviewing authority will, when pnu*ticable, l)e of the same date. When this is not 
practicable, the order will give the elate of the action of the reviewing authority as 
the date of the iK^ginning of the si^ntence. This does not apply t4> sentences of 
forfeiture of all iMiy and allowances. A soldier awaiting result of trial will not \je 
paid l)efore the result is known. 

1047. The authority which has designated the pla<iM»f confinement, or higher 
authority, may change the plact^ of confinement of any prisoner under the jurisdic- 
tion of such authoritv. 

« 

104fl* A sentenc*e to <N»nfinement, with or without forfeitun^ nf jiay, can not 
IxH'ome operative prior to the date of (*(»nfinnution. If it l>e pn>iH'r to take into f*(»n- 
si<leration the length of confinement to which the prisoner hiis lK*en sn)»jirt(*d 
previous to such confinnation, it may U* done by mitigation of siMit(»nci*. 

1040. When soldiers awaiting n*sult of trial or undergoing; s<*ntence commit 
offenses for which they sliv trie<l, the second sent4*mv will U' execute<l uinhi the 
expiration of the first. 

lOiMI. A si*nten(*t» adjudging a dishonorabl«« discharge, to take effiH't at such 
period during a tenn of confinement as may lie designutetl by the n*viewing author- 
ity, is illegal. 

J051* The time at whicli a dishonorable discharge is to take effiH;t, as lixetl by a 
scntenfv, mn not he potstponed by the reviewing offiwr. 



SKNrKNCES — TUK RKCC»RD. 145 

1#59* Wlion a nentcnce impoecu forfeitun' of |Miy, or of a ittat4*<l |Mirtiim tli<*n>of, 
for a certain numlN*r of monthH, it Ht4»|iH for each i»f th««o iiionthH the* uiiiDunt pUUnI. 
Thus: '*Tc*n dollam of monthly |iay fur on<* yi'ar*' woiihi U* a »<top|ia^ of $rJO. 
When the mMitt'ncc is nilent an to the<laU*of coniiiuMict^iiifMU of forft*itnn^ of |iay, the 
forfcttun* will U*gin at the date of protnulKatirm of the w»ntemv in onlern, aii<l will 
not apply to iiay which arcnie<l previotu* to that <late. 

I#ft3. An onler remitting a forfeiture of |«y oiM^ratt'H only on the pay to Uttmie 
due HiliiM<«iueiit to the date of the order. 

lOM. Notwitlii'tandinK a nentence eonteniplattt* |iaytnent of a Htat4*<l huiu to a 
(mldi«T u|Min h\n n*leaf(e fmui eonflnenient, it can not U* made unlexc then* in a HUtli- 
eient Inlanci* to hiH ere<lit after all authorixi*«i Mtopiiagv*^ an* dtHlucteil. 

THK Kn^>KI>. 

10*(*(. Kvery e<iuit-martial i«hall kiH*p a complete and aix^irate n.H*<»ni of iXt* pro- 
re«*«linftr«, whi<*h will lie autlientii^ti^l. in each cani*. l»y the .^igimtunii <»f the prei«ident 
and judtn*-a<lv«M«te. Whenever, hy reason of the d«*ath or <liMahility f>f the judjce- 
ailvtH-ate iMiMirrinf; after the court han decidc*«l on the M'ntemv, the reconl ("an not lie 
authentinitiil hy hix niinuitun* it mtiiit nhow that it hxu4 Uvn ft imially approve* i hy 
th«* (-<Mirt and tllll^t U* authenti<mt4Nl hy the ni^mtnn* of the pn*i«i4lent. The jtid|!t^ 
adv«N::tte fhoiiM atlix hiix Kt^iatun* to 4-aich day*»« pnM'cevlinp*. Tei-tinumy taken 
U'fon* nviniental iir inirriHon omrtit-martial will not U* n'^luceil to writing. 

10ft#. When n*e<»nlM of trial hy general <*onrtj«-martiul an* written im the ty|ie- 
writrr tlu* oipyuhle rihlMin will lie uwtl when pnictieuhle, u^ thii* will Hav«* lulxir in 
making th<* «*iipi«i4 n*«|uin*d to lie funiif*h«*<| nnil«*r the 114th Artirh* of Wur 

10*'(7. Th«* jndgi*-ailv<Mmte will tnuiMuit the pnicee«lintrH without delay to the 
oflii-fT ha\iti^ authority to ii infirm the MMitemt*, who will i-tato at the end of the 
priH-««i'«lin}r* in iiu*!! t-aM* hin ih^'if^ittn and onlens. 

lOv^ti. TIm* ii»tnpl«*t«* priKx^i^lingf of a garriHon or nvimt'ntal f-<iurt will U* traiu»- 
mittol without d«*lay hy the |M««t or nyiniental <*omman«ler to de]iartment lu'ad- 
«|uartfi>. 

lO*(9. When the n^'«>nl of a murt exhihiti* em>r in pn*|«ratifin, or neemingly 
«'rrori«*iiu;* eiinrltii*ionf«, the n*viewing authority nuiy n-cunvene the murt for a nn'on* 
fill 1«> rat ion nf itf* a«*tiiin, ]iointing out def«*<iii. Should the oiurt iimcur in the viewn 
*rtiliniitti")l. it will priiei'«*<| hy aineiHlment to ii»mTt itf« vrror, and may nHMlify or 
o»iiipl«*tcly changi* iti* findintP*. A n<<i|H*ntni; of the caM*, hy (-allintr or n*<iilling 
witn(*«v«-», i« illival. 

I0#0. PriN'vt'vlinifM of fiiurtit-martial in iiim*** i»f otli«i*p( and in nu|ioriant <iu««f« of 
enli»tf«l iiH'U will In* piihliplu'vl in iren<*nal iinh-p* i^uc<l from Anuy, <li\i<«iiin. or 
d«'|Mnmriit li«<aili|uarteni; and, in caMfi itf «'nli»t««)l ni«*ii tlutt an* ni>t i»f t:«*nfral 
intrn'^t or iiti|iortan«v, in i*|M*i*tal onleni in f<inn a^ fi*ttiiw»: 

l*n«*it- -. r«ini|«n> - ^. — tti Rriclni« til «'f lijt% irii; i**«ti trt*«} l>> n «• ii«-r»l f*iurt- 

tiiitrt..i. ifiit%rii««| •! mut\ fiMifKl irtitti) iif III «t<*lalt*>ri ••( IIm- \rtii!i' ••( War. ha« 

•« iit> r.f «t| liiU' " Th«' M*titi'ti«*' U •|ittn>««>«l aiKl wiIMm <ttil> ••«•-« tilt^I 1 1n- |>ri«iii«*r 

Will U 

IO#l. t'ommaiid«*n< of diviMtnui or M*|iarat«* hritrailtf* ('«>ii\«'niiit; trviMTuI rourti*- 
martial pur«iuint to the T.'bl Article of War, or miiiitf a^i n*vi«*wing atitliMhty on pn»- 
0'«'tliiiir- tlM'n*«>f, will forwani the Mime to th«* Judk'«*-Advoi*at«*-4>en«*rul nf th«' Army 
thniiich their ni^jw-^'tiv** oiq** oimnuinder>. If vrr*»r» an* f«»und in thr pnnif^liiur*. 
demandihir it, thi* n»r|«t oimmander may n-tiini th«iti V* th«* n*vii'wini; authorit) fi»f 
any n«*4^*>««ry ai-tion lM*fon* forwanlinic tln^m u* ihc .?uilL**"Ad\o«-ate-<fcn«*r«l •'( the 
Armv. 



14(> REPOBTERS, CLEKKS, INTERPRETERS CIVILIAN WITNESSES. 

REPOKTRB8, CLERKH, I STERI'RSTKRH. 

106!i. The employment of a stenographic reporter, under Hcction 120;{, Kevined 
StatuteH, iH authorized for j^neral courts only, and in va»t*ti where the convening 
authority confdders it neeeasary. The convening authority may alno, when ne<H»«- 
sary, authorize the detail of an enliflted man to aesiHt the judge-a<lvocrate of a gi>neral 
court in preparing the n^x^rd. 

1063. When a reiwrter la employe<l under election 1203, KeviM-nl Statutes, he 
shall 1)6 paid, U|)on the certificate of the judge-advocate, not to exceed |1 an hour for 
the time occupied in (*ourt hy himself or a competent assistant net^eftiarily employed 
for him by the judge-a<lvocate, and 15 irents per 100 words for the first an<l 5 c<»nta 
per 100 words for each additional copy of the transcript of notes and of exhibits cop- 
ied; and in case the court is held more than 10 miles from the |>la(*e of employment 
of himself and assistants .they shall each be allowed miU^age over the shortest usually 
travele<l route at the rate of 8 cents per mile going to the place of holding the court 
and $3 a day for expenses while necessarily kept by the judgi'-a<lvocato away from 
the pla<*e of employment. Reporters are employetl by the judgi^-a^lvocate and are 
paid by the V&y Department, at the rates herein named, ufxm the certificate of the 
judge-advocate that the services charged for have l)een rendere<l. 

1064. No person in the military or civil service of the (tovernment can lawfully 
receive extra compensation for clerical duties performe<l for a military court. 

1065. Interpreters to courts-martial are paid by the Pay Pei>artmcnt ufxtn the 
certificate of the judge-advocate that they were employe<l by order of the court. 
They will be allowed the pay and allowances of civilian witnesses. 

ABTIOLE LXXVI. 

Civilian Witnimsiss. 

1066. Civilians in the employ of the (government when traveling uiN)n sum- 
mons as witnesses before military courts are entitled to transix)rtation in kind frcmi 
their plai« of residence to the place where the court is in st^Hsion and return. If no 
transi>ortation lie furnished they are entitk*<l to reimbursement of the cost of travel 
actually {lerfonned by the shortest usually travele<l routi^ including transfers to and 
from railway staticms, at rates not exceeding 50 cents for each transfer, and the cost 
of a double berth in a sleeping car or steanier when an extra charge is made there- 
for. They are also entitknl to reimbursement of the actual cost of meals and nnmis 
at a rate not exi*ee<ling t^i per day for eac*h day actually and unavoidably consumed 
in travel or in attendance uixm the i^ourt under the onler or summons. No allow- 
ance will t)e made to them when attendance u\Hyn court does not rcHpiire them to 
leave their stations. 

1067. A civilian not in (tovernment employ duly summoiu*d to appt^r as a wit- 
ness Iwfore a military c<mrt will retvive$1.50 |>er<lay for eac-h day actually in attend- 
ance up<m the c<)urt, and 5 ivnts a mile for going from his platv (»f n'siden<'e to the 
placi* (»f trial or hi>aring, ami 5 cents a mile for returning; but in Wyoming, Mon- 
tana, Washington, Dn'gon, California, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Porto Rico 
he will l)e \md 15 ct*nts for each mile necessarily travele<l over any stagi' line or by 
private conveyance and in Porto Rico 10 cents for eai*h mile over any railway, in 
such travel. 

In case a witness liuly subpcenaod before a general inmrt-nuirtial refuses to appear 
or qualify as a witness, or to testify or pnnluce d(H*umcntary evi<lence, as rwjuinnl 
by law, be will at i»iM»e lie ten<lere<i or paid by the luiin'st i»aymaster thirst* fi»t»s and 
mil<»ageaiid will thereu)M>n be again lulled u|>on to i*omply with the retiuirenients 
oi law. Civilian witnessee will Iw pai<l by the I*ay Department 



KMPLOYMKNT OV CMKTNSKL — HABKAS C<»RPUH. 147 

10#M* Till* olianri*!* for return joiimevH tif witiut««i*H will U* tniulo ti|Km the iNuda 
of th«* aiitwl rliaiyti* alli>wv<1 fur travel to the ttmrt, ami the eiitin* aii*(»unt thiM 
«i»iii|»l«*tp«l will In* p«i4l npoD diw*har{re fniiii atteiKlamt* withmit waitinir for coiiiplc- 
tioti **l n*tiim travel. 

I040. The iteiiMof ex|)eii<litart* aiithoriMil in ]«ra»;ra|ihH lOfiliand 1(N>7 will lie 
N't forth ill iletail and manle a |Mirt of vtu-h voucher fi»r n*i nihil rni'iiieiit. No other 
iteiiu* will U> allowed. The currpctn4<«8 of the itenw will lie att4*»(te<l hy the allidavit 
of the witneMi, t4> he* nuuie, wlien pnuiimhle, U*fore the jiid^e-adviMUte, ami the 
voiirher will U* acrouiiMUiied hy theorifrinalmininionii, or ailtily tvrtified <*«»|»y then*of. 
The eertilii^te of the jiulge-advocaU.* will In* evidemvof the fact ami |K*ri(M| of attend- 
ance*, and will \n* niaile u|Mm the votK*her. 

I070. (4ini|ienMitton Ut civiliaiw in or out of (toveniiiieiit employ for attemlam^e 
U|Min civil cvHirtu ifl fiayahle hy the civil authoritie>«. 

ABTIOLS TiXIVIl. 

KiiPU>viiBNT or (*ivii. (.Vk'nhki.— IIahk\m (^okitk. 

I971. The employment of oHinmd at the ex|KMiM* <»f the TniU^tl State}* in under 
the din-ction of the iVpartment of JtiKticx*. 

I979. When a nec«M«ity ariHi-H for an attorney or counM*lor to defend or advice 
ofliivrx Mill othen* mnmHii^d with the niilitarv N*rvi«v in cai««*i4 ct»nm<<'t4*<l with their 
l»ul>lic «luti«*H, n-«|ii«'><t, with n*|Mirtof the fa4*t.*<, will U* inmle to the Adjutant-< ieiieral 
f»f the Amiy thn»ti)rh the ninilar military channel**, hut in 4iu<ex which will not ailinit 
of delay the n^tpuvt may Ik* Hi*nt ilinni. The Ad jutant-t reneral will pn»mptly i«ul>- 
iiiit all f*uch nipuvti* tti the Hei*n*tar>' of War ff»r n»fen*nct* to the IK*|iartnu*nt *»f Jiin- 
ti<*f. i Mlicen* and otlient in the militar}* Hi*r\'iix* employinf? an attorney or o>unN*lor 
witliMut U*int; HiHvially auth(»rized to do m> will U» recpiinil to {lay the exfienaefl 
attendant u|M»n mich cmiployment. 

1073. otlitvnt will make ni«|iectful n-tum^. in writinKi ^^ ^11 writa of lialieaa 
oirpiH fier\<<<il on them. When the writ iit ii«ni4il hy a State 4*«»urt or jmlfpe, an<l the 
iMTMin helil hy the arniy officer i^ a civilian who haK lii^n appn^hendnl under a 
wurnuit of alta4*hnH*ut to In* taken U^fori* a c«»urt-martial to ttittify aii a witnen*, the 
oflioT will m»t produce the Uidy, Init will, hy h'w return, net forth fully the authority 
hy whi«>h he hol«lfi the |ienif>Dand allefce tliat the State authority in without jurimlic*- 
tion tti iMPiie the writ of halieai* coqMui, ami ai«k t^) liave the Mime dimnif««eil. lie 
w ill al"«» e\hihit to the court or officer iiviiintc the w rit of halieaH coquiK the warrant 
of attjK'hment ami the rah|Mi*na (and the pnxif «)f the M*r\-ici* of the mihiMeiia) 4m 
which the warrant 4>f attachment wan l«M*d, and alnoa 4vrtitleil copy 4if the imler 
4i»n\4*ninic the court-martial lM*f4irp whi4*h he hail U«en4i»mman4le«l t4> take the|H*rHon. 

1074. SliouliI a writ 4if halNtw cor|**^ ii«*ue«I hy a State 4*ourt or ju4||ti* U* M*n'e<l 
u|M»ii an army offiivr i^immamlinff htm to pnMlmv an enliMt4<«l man, 4>r ^'Ueral priii- 
oiit-r. and hIimw 4tium* for hiiiiletenti<in, theoffitvr will iht-line to pro«lii4*e in i^Kirt the 
UmIv iif the (lenion naiiH'vl in the writ, Init will make n-^iint-tful n*tum in writiiitc to 
the 4*ffi-4t that tiM* man in a duly enli«t4^1 iMililirr of the I'nitiil Statevi or a )reii«*ral 
prii«»m*r under Hentt'mt* of oMirt-martial. an the iram* may lH\an<l that the Supn*nie 
(*«Mirt itf the rnit4'«l Static tiaii cleciileil tliaC a matrif^rate 4ir i^iurt of a Stati* tian mi 
juriialirtion in mich a v»m\ 

l#7ft. A writ of IkaU^n corjHui iiMie«l hy a rnitt**! Stat«ii iimrt «ir judiri* will 1« 
pnaiiptly olwynl. Tlie |ien«in alleffe*! to Im* ilhvallv rentraim^il of hin liU*rty will 
U> taken U'fon* tin* cvMirt fnmi which th<* %krit hiu i<«»ui^l. and a return ma<le wttinff 
forth the ntb«i»iiif fitr liiH n*fttraint. The itlliivr U|»in «h«>ni f*uch a writ in M*r%-«*il will 
at fiut^* rt«|M»rt the fact of nm*h n*r>i4'e, hy tehvraph. din*« t to the Adjutaiit-^ieneral 
of tlie Army and the cuuimaiMliuir icenermi 4if the 4le|«rtment 



148 THE QUART£RMA8T£K^8 DEPABTMENT. 

ABTIOIiE LXZVm. 

QuABTKRHAOTI^R's DEPARrMENT.* 
ORNBRAL IH'TIKH. 

1076. The Quartemmbter's Department is chaiv^Hi with the duty of pn>vi<linf;: 
meant) of tran8i>ortation of every character, either iiiuier contnu^t or in kind, which 
may be needed in the nioveraent of troo})*) and material of war. It fnmiHhes all pul>- 
lie animals employed in the servii^e of the Army, the foragi^ consunuKl by them, 
wagons and all articles necessary for their use, exix^pt the (H^uipmcnt of cavalry and 
artillery*. It furnishes clothing, camp and garrison equipage, l>arracks, Hton^houset*, 
and other buildings; conMtructi) and repairs roads, railways, bridges; builds and 
charters ships, lK>ats, doi'ks, and wharves neeiled for military pur|M)ses, an<l attends 
to all matters connecte<l with militar operations whii-h are not expressly assigneil 
to some other bureau of the War Dep Jtment. 

1077. Sulisistence, ordnance, sign.il, me<lical, and hospital stones are pnH*un><l 
and isBueil by other bureaus of the War Depai-tment, but the Quartennaster's IV[>art- 
ment transi)or1s them to the place of issue and providet storehouses for their preser- 
vation until (ronsume<l. 

lOTIi. (irenL^ral depots for the colUn'tion, manufactuns and prt»servation of <juar- 
temiaster*s stores imtil n*<]uire<l for distribution are un<lcr the inmuHliute c*ontnil of 
the Quartennaster-Cieneral. 

1970. Ofhcers serving in the* Quartern uler's I)ei>arinient will niak(> monthly 
estimates for funds, unlefv otherwise author(ze<l, and onh' f(»r such amounts us an* 
re(]uired for iNiyments of airounts within thv» |»erifKls estiniat(*<l for. f^stimati^s will 
show in detail the amounts recpiircd to covtr -ill authori^e<l ex {hmkIi tun's and the 
pur]Mjsin) for which m^edetl. (|uarteniiasters will subrril their estimates t4> their 
immediate (Commanding officers who, rfter action thennm, will f(»rwanl them ti> the 
adjutant-geneial of the de^iartment; ho will refer them to the chief ({uartennaster 
who, after consideration and revision, will consolidate a'ld submit them t4» the 
department commander for appmval; thereafter the chief (piartermaster will for- 
wanl them Ut the Quartennaster-lJieneral. Quartennasters at gt^neral deiH»ts ami 
independent (xjsts will forwiird estimatet* of fundt< to the Quartermaster-General dinni. 

BARRACKS AND QrAI.TKKS. 

1090. When buildings are about to . .MMVUpieil, allotte<l, or vacatt^l, an Iiisikh*- 
titm of them will U* made by the quartermaster, v.'Iki will ma!;eand tile a stattMuent 
of their <H>ndition, reiM»rting to the commanding o^fictT any drmagt* apiuinMitly due 
to itin'lessneK) or ni'glei't. Damages will 1h* ptom)itly n*|)ainHl if jNissible. 

lOm. Neglect by any othivr or soldier U* take pn»|HT can* of nM»ms or furniture 
used by him is a military offenw*. In case ol damage, such otrKTr or soldier may lie 
allowe<l to |iay cost of ncH'eMniry iviiairs if the comman<liiig ((tliivr divm such |iay- 
ment sufiicieiit. Commanding oflic(*rs will n*{Mirt, thnnigh [ircscriUMl channels, to 
the Adjutant'! veneral of the Amiy their pnKwslings in all <*asi's under this nyulation. 

l^Hli. An annual ins|)ection of the public buildings at every pist will Ik* mailcon 
the 1st day of Ma.i'h by the c<iinmanding otiicer mxl (juarteriiiaster. Whenever 
Man*h 1 falls on Smxiay the ins|H.vtMm will Ih. i.iade on the following <lay. Immi.*- 
diately aft^T the iiisiKH-tion tlu* quart ermaster wJU submit a n*|)<»rt u|M>n the fonn 
pn»s(*rilN*il fo.' that purpi»s«\ giving a d(*s(*ript>on and showing the (*ondition and 
cafiacity of iTch building, the charactt and exUMit oi any a<lditions, alterations, and 



1 Ki*)Tulation>i fur the K<>vornnu*nt of the QU'irt4*nnaHi>r'it Ik'tMirtmcnt. {iri'i-rtrfd niid luihllKluM 
iinthT the authority of the Secictary of War. air (liNtrib«m'<l to itN offiot'rM by thv Qiiarti'mia.Nti*r- 
Ofnenl. tmly fiurh ni'gulmiioD i are herein iplven an are irt*ti«'ral in their nature or afftH't other 
btnnchof of the mfrvicv. 



BARRArKH AND <^rARTRR*4. 149 

n*|i»irh iiia«lt* ii|win it «luriii|; tli<* pn-ct-^lin^ y««ar mikI i*iit(t «»f Mimr, alMin*|iAinttitMMU*<l, 
with «i<tiiiiat«*» tlit*n'f(>r. I*>titiiat4*v« {t*r hmtiii^r <>r pliinibiii)? will U* m li* Hi*|«nit<*ly. 
Sf|«nitr plaiiH, i*|NTifi(mtionH, ami ivtiiiiattt* in (U*tail for ailditioiiH uiul alt<*niti(»nfl 
will lie Hul>niitt4*«l with the report. If new iHiihliiiKS are n«<|tiin<<l the n(*ceM«ity will 
U* fully Htate«U an«l, if authoriit*il hy tlie War IK^iwrtnieiit, phuu* aii<l H|N*eit)<^tic»nii 
will U* preijariNl in the QiuulennaKter-^ienerarH Oifni*. Tlie mniniinding (»tHcer 
w ill ean*fiilly examine the n*|M»rt aiul ofrtiinat4*H, aixl forwanl them, witli an ezprw- 
Hion of Uw vi.'WH, to tlu* Quarteniuwter^nneral. 

IOM3. When private* lHiil(linirR<Mxnipi(Nl ai« 1«rnu*kHor<{iiartent, or lan(Nocru|iie(l 
t* «*iu*umpm«*nti*, an* vaitit4««l, the aHumandintc otiitvr a;i«l «|iiarteniiaMter will make an 
iht«|M«i*tii»n **i them, ami th<* latt4*r will re|M»rt, thnnii;h the* prvM*rilieil eliannt-l, to the 
i^nart«*niiaMt4*r-<t(*neral. their etindition an«l any injury u'hieh lia>i reHiiltevI tiithc'm hy 
D'ttrton of HU(*h iiceuiianry. 

IOti4. All |Mil)li«* huiUlinicn at a |MiHt will U* numU*n*(l hy the (|uartennaHt4*r, and 
thrn'uftrr «iu'h n«*w huililinir will U* )riv«*n iti« pni|M*r numeri<'al iK^Hi^nuition. The 
nnniU'r Mrttfinally iriven a iHiiUlin^ will U* n*t'.iine«l, ami «*:iten*<1 hy tiief|iiartennai4er 
a** a |M*niuim*nt n-t-ttnl. A|9uni«t e«i*h iNiildini; h«* will rhan^* all ex|H*n<litun*H nuule 
thcn-«»n. iiotin^r numi* authtirixANl, auth<»rity th Tt'ftir, and amountj«a<*tiially ex|)eiide«l, 
<-»n'full> it«*mizi'<l, nhowinK He|«initely th«* HUfiiH |«iid for material :ind IalM>r. All 
(•x|M*nditun7* math* for the <*nvt ion of m*w huildinip*, and for a«Mitioni(, ulterationii, 
iir n*|iuir>>. uill U*H»ent4*n*i| an t4ia4f'urat4*ly exhibit tht*«*oHt of eau'h huildinic to<late. 

lOti*(. Tht* (^iurt4*nnaMter*H l)i»|iArtm(*nt will provide in all |K*niui;ient l«mu*kH a 
Uix t«M*k«T fiir«'ai'h «*nliHt4*«l man for hin unifoni and rxtra<*lothinK. I*Iaeh man will 
pni\id(* hi** fiwn hM'k. 

lOtitf. lUrmi-kj* will U* HUpplifvl with clmint. at a mti* not «*xo*e<linir one foreaeh 
n<iM«iiiiiiiiiii«*iiiii«-«| ntfl«i*r and on«* for ev«*ry tw<i -if th«* otlier «*nliHt4*<l m«*n «|iiarten*«l 
tlii-n-. 

IO*i7. China ami tcl^'v'^'nn* lN*lon)rint; to UHt*t* ontfitK. iMuikr*. mattniw)!, pillowH, 
U'lirh*'*. t'liain*. tahUi*. and ntherartirlcMof furnitun* pn^vith^l f«»r fiolili«*n<* liarraekii. 
Hill n**t U* rfmii\«'il th«*n*from without th<' i»rdt r of tin* |Mw«t tiimmandfr, nor will 
tlif\ U- r»'mi*v«'<l from a |HiNt or station «*xo*pt hy ord«*rof th«* War fH*|mrtm«'nt. Itox 
|iM k«*n*. tuHttn-ivt «<i»V(*n*. pillowiuMi*, ImnI hli«>«*tf*, .lUil Immii'k Uup* f^houM In* tnuu^ 
[mfr\tn\ III nil <*hanie«-r< **( Htation, Init will not U* tuk«*n into th«* lirld. 

IOti*i. At tii4-h |iiift ami f*tAtion wlim* tli«*n* iin* puhlir «|uartfn« in huildinipi 
U-l'intrinif to th«* I'nittil Statii*. tli«* <|iiart«-nii.ift<T. iin<lfr ilin^-tiitn of th«* (^ommajMl- 
iiiL' otli«-«*r. will all«»t to 4«i*h «irtii^*r th«* t|iiurt<*n* to v.hith hii* rank rntitle him. 

IO*i9. At all |iiN«tii wlu'n*, in th«* opinion iif tin' tlt*|iartmfnt iitmiiiandc. . tht* l«r- 
nM-kt>anil <|iiart«'rNan*fniHiri4*nt for tin* purfH **<<■. tli<* follimin^r nmdationf* v ill jrovem 
th«*tr artiik'niiM'nt and iMvu|«itifm: 

I . iVniiani'nt i|tiart«*rH w ill U* awiirn*'*! !•• thi* tiflil i nd f^taff otruvrn of the franrinon. 

1* t^uart<*n* for tin* t^aplain ami li«*utfiiHnti* nf rai'h i*om|«ny will In* f|«-f«iiniat»l an 
np|«*r1ninihir to i-at-li ««'t of liarrai>kf», h;i\iti|f n*ft'n*ntv to conwnii'mv **i locmtion. 
\\ lii-n> l<M-h«'li*r •piarli'n* an* providiil at a military pwt it in pr(»|ii*r a id m^t«*«ry 
tli.it \Ur\ U* ar^iiri«il to oiritfrn without familiifi. 

it. (Ml arrival of tn«*|*« ttM'h (tmiiian) will U' aivi^m^l hy tli«* «*«iiiiPiandinir fifn«vr 
to uppniphal** \a<'ant l«mii'k»4 and i|iiarti'r«, liuMiii; •iii«* nvar^l to .•■lati\«* rank t if 
i-aptainx ami thfir rhoio* of <|turt«TH «hi*iM>\rr tHi> or mon* arrixt* at thr %ime timi*. 
l^uarti'p* f«i nvuhtHy af^iinM"*! will mit U- ■•uhji'«i to i-hoio*, Mit nn\ ii«it •■«*«*ti|iif^| 
ma\ U* rhiMi*n fi«r t«*m|H*nar> <Hiii|iuii«'y hy un otlii-«'t. in aii-ofil/nn' with fxi^ttiiK 
nvtdatiiiii». fiuhj«'<i-t, hi*Wf\i*r. t<i n*mii\iil w lifiti'Vi-r an oltii^'r <*ntitl«<<l !•« thi-m arrive. 
Th«* oriirinal awiirnnifnt of <|iaaniTH nt an> |-«-t «»r Mutii n will U* iiia«l«* hy a U^nl itt 
otIiiiTH 4^»n»i«tinK of th«* 4*1 >m man* lint? (tirp^'r. th«* two inniitr lim* <» *itvr^ pnwnt, iIm* 
M*ni*ir Minctvin, ainl tin* (|tiail«'niiaM4*r. I ' |» iii tin* dt*|ArtiiM!Ut cttuvwvNMVrx* ^^^nj^icev^ 



150 BARBACKS AND QUARTERS. 

of the board*H action, ite recommendations will be carrietl into effect as soon as prac- 
ticable, the deiiartinent t^ommander caujinnf; the aisignnients t4> take effect at* chun}^*8 
occur in the stations of oflicers and troops, without removing any oflfu^r fn>ni quarters 
occupied by him under other existing regulations. 

1090* At posts or stations where the provisions of paragraph 1089 can not be 
applied officers may make se1e(*tion of quarters in acconlanire with their rank, but 
the commanding officer may direct that they confine their selection to buildings 
locate<l near their troops. An officer may select quarters occupied by a junior, Imt 
will not displace a junior if there be quarters suitable to the rank of the senior 
available, with equal conveniences and accommodations. When an officer has made 
his choice he must abide by it, and shall not again displace a junior unless he him- 
self is displaced by a senior. The particular rooms which constitute a set of quarters 
will be designated by the quartermaster, under the diretrtion of the commanding 
officer. Attics are not counted as rooms. Officers will not choose rooms belonging 
to different sets. 

1091. An officer reporting for duty at a poet will, immediately upon his arrival, 
make written application to the commanding officer for quarters. If in comnuuid 
of troops, he will apply for quarters for himself, for his subordinate offici^rs, and the 
enlisted men of his command. The application will be accompanied by a t*opy of 
the onler directing him to report at the station, and will be referred to the qtiarter- 
master for proper action under such instructions as the commanding officer may 
indorse thereon. 

1099. An officer will not occupy more than his proper allowance of qtiarters, 
exci*pt by pennission of the commanding officer when there is an exci^ss of quarters 
at the station. The allowance will be reduced pro rata by the commanding officer 
when the number of officers and troops present makes it nece8Bar>\ If the public 
buildings are inadequate, the commanding officer will apply, through the defiartment 
commander, to the Secretary of War for authority to hire necessary quarters. 

1093. Officers on duty without troops at stations where there arc public quarters 
will Ih* funiisheil then) in kind. If insufficient, application for authority to hire 
quarters will \n? made as direirted in paragraph 1092. 

1094. At a military' jKist where the hi^quarters of a department arc or may be 
establishiMl the dei>artment commander may set u^iide quarters for the staff, iHit will 
not disturb assignments made under iiaragraph 1089 if it can l)e avoideil. Quarters 
thus reHer\'e<l will not 1h* open to selection, but will In* subject to aivignincnt inde- 
liendent of choice. 

1095. An appropriate set of quarters, iH|ual ti» those of a captain, will U^ set 
a|)art ]H*mianently f<»r the diaplain. He will not In* displaceil, ex(vpt by a nnlucs 
tion when the quarters are insufficient for the garrison, and he will not then lie 
entin*ly displatxtl, nor allowed to choose others. 

1096. \n offitvr*s right to quarters is s(»lely one of occupancy. When he and 
his family <x»ast.» to cx-^'Ufiy them, except in case of tetnjHmiry altseiuv, they an* open 
to si*le(*tion by and n>assignment to some other ofliivr on iluty at the |M)st. 

1097. When at!»<igniMl to duty without troo|)s or awaiting orders for the con- 
venicnct* of the (ioveniment, offitvrs will Ih* eiititU*d to quarters, but in no (*ast» will 
they l)e funiisheil quarters at two stations at the same time. 

109M. The allowance of quarters to which an otKuvr is entitled when on duty 
may l)e coiitinue<l in kind, at his projier station, during the iieriiNl for which the 
law |H.*nnits him to hvi alisent without reduction <if |iay and allowances. An officer 
under sus|M'nsioii has the same right to quarters as when on duty status, if pn*sent at 
the |)ost. 

1099. At a i>ost a room may Xx* set aside as a metv n»om when a majority of its 
oJiht*rH unite in a uutv, but never when the oIliccrH to Ih' )U'<*(»mmcNlattHl an* 1 
iJmn thtw in iitiinlter. 



FUEL AND STOVES. 151 

1 104. All officiT on Kick leave is entitlc<i to public quartorH at hiit station flaring 
the |M*ri(Ml of Hirk leave, not ezeeetiiiiic i<ix niontliH, |>n>vi<letl he or U'w family <N*eupy 
thetii. He iiiay hohl hirvd quartern only while he in pi*rMonally an <Mxii|iant. 

FUEL AND KTOVBK. 

IIOI. Offirt*rH niay puitrhane fnmi the Quartermaster'a Department the fuel 
artually iiee<ie<l for their own une. For the quantity allowed them in the table ron- 
taiiHHl in |«inM;raph 1110 they will pay at the rate of $3 per con! for Mtandanl <iak 
w<mmI, or the e«|uivalent there«>f in other kimln of fuel an dett^nnincMl by the Quarter- 
iiuu<ttT-< fen«*nil. For any aiMitional quantity they kImlU |iay the eontraet price, or 
$:i |ier <*(»nl if the<*oiitnu*t priet* iit Ichh than $21 

lllhl« The QuartennaMt4*r*8 Department may wll fiu*l in accordance with the 
pn^x-ilinic ]iara^rniph to cxmtnu't and <1ental minciNkiiH and vetc*rinarianH and to 
(amilieH of otKfx*n« who are tetn|K)rarily aliM^nt, or who are on duty abniad or in 
AUi<*ka, on the written e(*rtificate of the ofBct>r tliat the amount of bin allowance 
(xiven^l by the ivrtifii^te will not be otherwini* drawn by him. Offitvn* on the 
retirctl lift, otiiceni on nick leave, or under M^nteiice of mui|it»nHion from <luty on 
rp«lu4t*<l |«y, when abntMit fn»in their pn»|>er Htationi<, are not entitled to thia 
priviltye. 

1 103. Th«* <*<»mman<iin)^ <»ffii>*r of a |M)Ht, at or near which the immediate family 
of a nvular or volnntfer Holdier who in alinent abnia<l renidtv, may, if the reradence 
and other (*(in<liti(»nH of Hiirb family make it pnqier, )?rant to the head then<<»f |)er- 
miti4 to pnn*hai4«* for itkf»h at coKt prices*, mich qiuuititieit of fiu*l an, in hin opinion, may 
U* n-axoiiably ncH*«U'«l for the Hole une of the i«oldier*H inmieiliate family. 

11#4. < Hhivrx who dt«in* to purcliaM* fuel of the QuartennaHter*H lH.*|«rtment 
will iimkt* n'viuifition thervf<»r. IViyment will U> made at the time of Male, and 
n»<vipt iriv<*n. 

110*(. Fu«-1 will U* Nild only on the ot]i<vr*H (vrtifi«!ate that it in for hi^ |K*rMmal 
or family UM*, and h<* %kill ni»t w*ll or excluui}^* it. The ffmunandin^ oliiivr will 
ci»in|«in* th«* ntpiiititiofiH and (*i*rtiti<'ate»i with the quartenuaHter'i* alintniii of mltv of 
fiif'l, aiul if <i>m-<'t, i*o oTtify on the atiHtnu*t. 

II06. M««X4'hantablr «iak \i«mmI in the i(tandanl; the mnl it* 128 <-ubir f<vt. The 
wall* of «'«|iiivttli*iiti« to ^iveni in the tiviK* and m\v of fn«*| in |Hibliii|i<*«l fn»m time tci 
tini<* in i:i*n«Tal onlern. 

HOT* .\ii otIioT may pim-liaM* fmm tht* i^iiart4*niiaHt4>r*H lH*|«rtm4*nt oiM*H<ixth 
of hift allowaiKt* of fn«'l in kindling; w*hh|. whirh will U* f«old on th«* l«i*iH«if ita 
««<|niviil«*nt in «4ik vuhhI. 

IIO*i. Ku«*l innuil to troo|«t \n |Mibli«* pni|M*rty. Any |Mirtion not (*<>iiMinu<«l by 
thrin will In* n*turn«*«l ti> tlu* i|imrt«*niiaf«t4T uiid tak«*n up f>ii bin n*turii. Fiu*l H(» 
i]«>ii«'«l, liowover, and not itttuiunMil in quartan*, may N* umi*<I in liakitiK tht* iMihlier*H 
hn*ad; and at any |"»-t wb^n* coal ir* ummI cxrliipivi'ly, th«* quart«*niiai*t«*r may, u|H»n 
tli«* ntiuii^t of th«* |Hff»t tiininiaiid«*r, pnAid«*, oi* |ttrt of tlu* fut*! alloviani'e, an «M|iiiv- 
alrnt of \ioih1 in li«*ii of roal Hiiririi'nt f<»r tht* |Ni*>t liak«*ry. 

IIQ#. Fu«*l uill In' if«iut<il only in th«* month uh««n ibu*. Tin* <*lu<a|i(fit ftM*l at 
till* plaif i»i ii^iu* udl. all thiiup* I'viiiKidrn^l, In* funiiitht^l. 



152 ALLOWANCE OF (JUABTER9, ETC. 

1 1 lO. The following table ahows tliu number of rcxiras, the itiiantitj' <if fuel, and 
the allowance of cooking an<l heating stoves to bo mipplied (or the toe of oQicerH and 
men iu tjuartera and barracks: 



A 1lcutoniin(-RPner«l or major-frne 

A hriiEBdlvi'-S'iivrHl ur iiilniwl 

A ]ltrul<iuuil-nilani-l iirmn}!!; 

A raiiiulu oi Fhaplaln 



[*)'iniMi'Ff vnt^rai, *Ti(l (he chip' i|ii«rteoiiMtei 

— .1 _■.!... 1 . ,|,g bV4dl|1UIUlII of ■ 



siHl rhli>f nuanl. 
_lcrHturinl dniutn 



; iiiminlimr]'. ■ 



■tin' iShTr*m klpw 
r Hn Mlliw liHWC'a'l V 



Inintlr . HTid the nmliir biiiII- 

Jli)avd iin dnlj-al MiyiiUcv 

nui M lliu llelil.* llU'tl - 

An H'Unit cw-liiuiil ipttTwnnMnltt. an aptliiit nnn- 
nitamy <>t nilmlMran-, an i»Uiiuinl, when »v- 
pniTM bjr lliDl^narlennafitcMlvnpnil.cwh 

A nsfinenUil, KiiiailnHi. iir (MtUthin, irqnaiit- 
najiir, •luaiunnaiili-rtrisvant. iTiliincntMn t. mr- 
Bvantntlhv pM Dunciiminlmlininl Man, himilUil 
iMwatit, ixlnHiMl mnnlrlan. idtrnHl H-iKninl.T ra- 
llnlnl DH'nof lnDii||iiMln<n" wbi-KPiiiplorH] an 
Atnal ■»[gt<anta. itnun najur, nhM tniinp«U>r.1 
anilrblel luuridan, vacb — 

Kupctlnlmilenl niilfciiial cvmdur; 

Bu-h niinnmunlai'lnncd uflinn'. mtwldaii, private, 

lliu'li niii-MMiT llru for II 

tllBpenniy and hm^tlal .. 

IJWIuriiUllini, tiilivnvulalMlbti 

nmimaDddiK lArer. nntejiivciui 
nirKvnrmI biiq>l(al>>. when 

Itw, fivrarh lai! ^. ....,....,..._ 

Earn (tuant lln'. Iii in' nipilalvd hy iho command' 

IwoBrvr niiii'Kii'vdliut 

Xai-h iin-mMTr firv tar ■nlllutrr murw or buanla, M 

a Me Mil esnvdlDff 

Oliin-himiw (>t • nwnniliHUT awl nnartermaater, 

<rbvD Tuwiaary, nut vxiitnlng fur ivch 

•Kxn-l>(Hl Mlllury Anuttmr. 



c Rh'k in luplUI. e 



31 

■1|: 

a. 



ALLDWANI'K OF QUABTER8, KTC. 

,,, »l voiil rn.iii -. ,. 



'a = e - - rj 
- = - I f e> 



»:a.'li II 






liitQ|>J<>ti'<'<>f IhvUiiArti-mjuilpr'ii.l 
.■. Mnllml tajHiRiiHiil to whnm m\~.^,,.^ »■ 
kllHl til-MmlbrilirtlinriTtiartit 

r^irlilmn. mHlliiit nimii. •rlHrntnann. chaiwl.uul 

iiwliim. 1 hnaillv Mini- liir nrh, siul vhni 

"' B TKiviilal.lUiiilMiil Bm.'JhcalInn 

>iH'li<|iMnlll>'<i(tiip|fi>T Ilw wmr •> 

BUST hrivrtllbil ^■ ■■ tiM-Hfarr lijr Ibn iifltrrn In 
rlunn- anil a|>|4ipi iil b^ Ilw niminaniUnt iiinnT. . 

piir ■ II «■!■'<][' ■jlBnn-i4iA«liiitiimli«t^. i lann' 

nunr biT iwh i-f th>- l«i< nimiiii {iir iHiii'ninidilk- 
■4i>nnl •iflW-rpi. I uiwll >ii>Ta>(iir(lir UlnmrT.nnil 1 
no-tliiatxvi—r MtiiiriiMai-hiUt b>ni«k lb liul, 

Rai'li hiB|>llal lilirlirn 

Piir im h iiiilhiin«il n>ap » iiunrti-n bir rivlllan 






li>«ll>inilltrll< 



1 1 1 1, til »-l'liti..ii I- till' iii)>i.l.'r pn-. 
lii'l-Hniiiv,.! Hill U' al|..i..il .lull niitii1--i 
liiui !■■ ti-i>-*Mrv (.T diTki- im 'liirv t)»-i 
Ikiurti,,. i.(. ..x,V|.l..Ii. uMi I. «>ll ).- iM. 



"T" 



ivri. 



-r iiii- 



• lii-ar..] will Hi— 






I- hILii 



-1 I >rri.-<' 



,.f..*.,l i.y 


liii. 


Ills. T).. 


.ilIiM-n. ..f III., ill 


■vll ».'.-.~u 


V. l-alt<.«<->l Willi 


t 1- .-i.-.-.-K 


Ur,-.- In ihi' fMnii>- 



rik-l ill (lii> lulili', llif lii-iuliiiLartirxif > 
i[ "lliif nmriiii liKil iiiiin- llinii I'ltilili >■• 
j( illii' ijiMi1i-nii:u4i-r'i' uiiil SiiImfIi'iiiv 

iii-l liy II Iti>-f •iiiarti-ntinob-r utiiliT iIh- 

\ li-iiliiii;<tii\<-l--r iiu-li niiiii imt nrlitT- 
Hill ti..l U'himl witlxuil l)»- writK-n 

t|.. II-:!..' ..I -Dill n-MIH Hill Ink*- •■fl.'.l iMilil 

iiitf-li-rV Hiiil Sillwinlfniv IVjiHrl ritii liiay, 

iilliif' na-iiip, HJlli n tiitiliiii! ninvf {or i*-)!, 
rwi ill r)if Ihilt iihiii<->I ]>i>|>HrIii>i'rii. Tin- 
111 will I-- nipiUiiil liy tlH' (jiuirtfniiiii'li'r- 



lll». Sl-.t.-. will ll..t )■■ i-WH-l 


b> '•rlliiT' H h-> ni^'iti' iidiiniTilBtiiiii "f i|iiitni-n'. 


nil. A nviTiii'iiliil )*|iiailr>>ii •■ 


Itiriuli'Xi n-rv>-»iil-iiiiij>ir. h ^'iv<wit-»ui)-'r. hIi- 


iiT .ir fiiiii'T irrj-li', bikI i-l<-.tri< 


u(fvrv>«nl ■■( tin- Artilli-rv ( :t\-, tiviiiMiilBl 


•|tiHrl>niiupli'r->rv>-:llil. nvi'iH^Hal 


■-•■liiii>i-«urv-'*'n(iiiiil, i>i|..r x-noaiilK. H>nn-aiii ■•/ 




-|iit«I Kl>-HBnl. •iiru>l H-nti'Biil. •Iniiii'iiuii->r. fhu-t 


tniii>]>'ti'r. mill rlii<-l tim-iiidii riia\ 


,*l, U- Bil-Hl^l .1..kil.|r ^t..^.■ >1 ..1 MM.' 


hmriiiu -I..M-. 




Ilia. If III .1 iiiilil^rv |..t. H 


tuil-.l l--tH.-.ii ihi- lliirtv-ixth aixl f..iii-lliinl 


•l<Vr<i->'-f lurilii'b-. IIk' ii.i-bIi Ii-iii) 


■niliin- t-t iHi-iiti ilaio'-f uiii <-nl*'ji.|«r ill m 


t,..l aU.w. L1>= K.;in ill. -.■*--..( (ii 


I ..i ..■■•"lliir.l iii.|.-»1 ..f r.rtir1l>. iixal>-«i) in 


lhi'Ul-l<-. Hill U- alloH..! ir till 





154 ILLUMINATINQ SUPPLIES. 

one-half will be allowed, whatever the latitude of the place. The certificate of the 
post Hur^^on as to the mean temperature and the order of the iMwt commander for 
the iaeuo will be filed with the abstract of issues. 

ILLUMINATING 8UPPUE8. 

1116. The Quartermaster's Department will provide lamps, lanterns, mineral oil, 
wi(*ks, and lamp chimneys for the various military )K)sts and stations. 

1117. I.Amps having one or two burners, with circular wicks of about 1} inches 
insidi* diameter, will be issued as follows: To troops in barracks, at the rate of one 
burner for every ten men and every fraction thereof, when the fraction is five or 
more, of the maximum strength allowed the oiiganization, and such number of lamps 
or lanterns for lighting interior passageways as may be necessary, not to exc^eed three 
in each l)aiTack. Companies messing separately will \ye allowed thn*e atiditional 
burners. To each regimental, battalion, and post noncommissioneil staff offi<vr, to 
each noncommissioned staff officer of the artillery corps, to signal scigeants when 
not ser\*iug with detachments, and to each firpt sergeant, a lamp with a single burner. 
For hosi)itals such numl)er of burners, not to exceed one for each ward or r(M)in, as 
may l)e deemiKl netressary by the post surgeon and post CH>mmander. The lamps with 
wicks of less than one inch diameter, if on hand, will not be sui^erseded except as 
they bei'ome un8er\'iceable and are beyond repair. Two of these burners will be 
allowe<i in lieu of one of larger size, and parts for their repair will be furnished when 
called for. 

Ills. For the guanlhouse and the authorized offices a lamp with a single iMimer 
for each room; for post reatling and evening school rooms, i>ost libraries, and chapels, 
su(*h numl)er of burners, not exi*eeding four for each room, as may Ix^ certified by 
the post commander to l>e necessary. 

1119. Four burners (four lights) will be allowed to each company, troop, or 
iMittery quartered in a luirrack having an amusement or a reirreation n>om sefiarate 
fn>m the dormitories and rooms for which light is now authorized by the Regulations. 
Four burners (four lights) will l>e allowed to bands occupying quarters separate 
(nnii those^»rganizations to which they are atta4'he<l. 

11 do. For outside illuminations, including passageways exterior to liarracka 
which for the pnqnT |H*rfonnanc*t* of garrison duties should l>e lighte<l, such numlier 
of oil lanterns or stn'et lamps as the de|)artiiieiit commander shall, in writing, 
authorixi^ f<ir the |>uriK)si^, will l)e supplie<l on pn»|>erly approved re<iuisitiou8. A 
co|)y i>f the authority from the department comnian<lor will l>e file<l by the inming 
offiivr with the voucher for the issue. Oil, wicks, and chimneys will \k* issued on 
rcHjuisitioiiH in duplii^ate designating the numlier and l(M*ation of luiniw for whicii 
re<]uinHl. 

1191. Either oil or candle lanterns maybe used in stabU*s, at the dis(*retion of 
the commaiiiling officvr. The nuinlHT i>f lanterns in each stable will 1h« such as the 
commanding oflici*r, with the a|>proval of the dei»urtmont (^omniander, shall re<|uire. 
If caiidh* lanterns an* use<l the candles will l)e isstu*<l by the Hulisisteniv I>e|)artment 
in such <]uantity as the (Commanding offitvr shall onler as iiiHi'ssary. If oil lanterns 
an* usimI the issue of oil, wicks, and chimneys therefor will l>e ma4le in the manner 
pntM'riU'il in the pn*ce<ling |»aragraphs. 

llli!i. Mineral oil liaving a flash |ioint not lower than l.'io® F. will Im.* supplied 
for 1ani|ts and oil lanterns, and In* iit«UiHl in quantities as foll4»ws: For lainiis use<I for 
interior illumination at the rate, ]K*r burner, of fourouiicesav<»inlu|M}is fort*ach hour 
of authoriz4M] illumination for lamps using wicks of aUmt 1} inches diameter, and 
two ounces |>er htmr for lamps with smaller wicks. For all oil lanterns stich qiianti- 
ti4*s as the commanding officvr shall onler and cvrtify as m*<'esMary. No volatile oils, 
ex4*4*|»t thiM* authoriz4*d and supplietl by the supply de| tart men ts, will U* use«l at 
military jiosts without the authority <»f the c(»minanding giMieral of the de|jartmeut 
/// which the putft u located. 



GAH AND RLBCTRIC LIGHT. 155 

1 193. Tlu* hcNira during which UunpH an<l oil laiitemn may In* kept lighte<l at 
(*iii-h |MiHt will he Hiu'h an the oomuiandinK officer, with the appn>val of the <1e|iart- 
iiieiit coiniiiaiider, may announce. 

IIM. A gallon of mineral oil of Army Ktandani weigliii one hundred and four 
ounceti. In making eiftimat«fl and requimtiomi calctilationH will he made at the rate 
of one gallon of oil for twenty-nix hount' tine of each large Immer and Afty-two 
hourn* UM* tA each lonall tnimer, ilencritied in paragraph 1117. 

1196. Officeni of the Army, contract and dental tmigeonK, ami vHerinarians 
may iNiy fmm the Quartermaster*!! Department, at contract pricem mich moderate 
(puuitity of mineral oil, lanip(«, wickH, and chinmeyn ai* they may mH*<l in tlie nMima 
occupie<l by thenmelveM and families. ThiM privilege in limiteii to the lani|Mi, oila, 
wirkH, aiHl chimne>'H of like {lattema, kindn, and (|tialitief« to thoM* provi<led for 
tr^iofMi. 

1 19#* Civilians employed with the Army at remote imnta or rtationit, where it in 
imiNiMiible t4> procure at reaaonahle raten Mi«*h artiden of clothing and other «|iiarter- 
nutfter*!! Mip|>lieH (except anif(»nnH) an they may m*e«l for their health ami i?omfort, 
may lie allowe«l to pan*haM Hune from the Qua,rteniiaiit4>r'»i DepartnH*nt in limite«l 
4|uantiti€«ii for their own UHe, for ctmh at cont pri(<eK, with 10 |ier ivnt addt*t| to cf»ver 
traiii«portaticm. 8uch Hales will, however, l»e maiU* only u|M»n the written approval 
of the it>mmanding ofliivr netting forth the ne<\*Miity for tmch atiion, thin authority 
to U* tileal with the return of the offit'er making nuch HaU*n. 

1 197. Only one rei|uiflition for each month will be maile !>y company or detach- 
nM*nt commandem for fuel, ionfge, straw, minenil oil, wicking, chimneyn, and other 
illuminating ntipplitw that may lie nimilarly exfrntled. Thent* reipiinitionn, an 
approvtil by the |Mwt commander, will be i^onmtiidatiil, aii<l the ("onnolidat^Nl reviui- 
nitinn, in dupliiiite, fuminhed the quarteniianter, who will make i>«qu«n tlH*rHon. 

II9M. Mineral oil IwuinI t4i tnM»|)n in |Kiblic pnifH^rty for tht*ir tine, and will lie 
tn-aleil an providcil in {lan^rraph llOH for fuel. 

i\A» A.Vn KLKTKirAl, II.U'MI.N'ATIO!*. 

1 19#. Ti» iniMin* economy in the une of eletiric current an<i of gan at {Mintn where 
either of iIh^m* illumiiuuitn in employeil, the <*f»mniantliiig otli<*er of «*ach nuch (Mint 
mill inmii*. with the approval of the de|iartment coninianiier, a ni*h(*«iule and pro|ier 
ord«'n* liniilitig tht* nuniU*r of lightn and h«Nin« during which they may be tini*<l, lioth 
for «*xl<*rii»r lighting and the int4*rior lightn of liarrackH, giiardhoum^ nton*hoiines 
olli«f«*. himpitalf, i*ba|K*ln, liliraritv, nailing nM»inH, ntablen. He. 

Tb«* nimilM'r i»f HiH*h lightn mtint In* limitc'd to HnialU*nt nnnilK*r for pn»|ier lighting 
ainl till* |N*rioil of aiithorixt^I Ininiingof 4*a<*h light miint In* limitni to the n«*<^*Miiti(w in 
t-ac'b i-am: i Hiv wheilule of lighting will In> pn'|ian*«l t(» ittvvr tli<* |H*riiid fnmi May 1 
to AiigiiKt :(l and atiotlu-r ftir |ieri<id from Si*pti*mlier 1 to .\pril :tf). 

1 190* KmvU non<*f*muiiniiimnl ntatf otn<vn*ntitl«il to«|uartemat \twHp wlu*n*Kanor 
<*lf*«trii-ii\ in in*«tall<'<l will lH*allow«^l fi»r tli«* |N*riod U*twt^*n S*|iti*mlM*r 1 and April 30 
l.riiii) riibii' ft^-t of lean or 20.0110 wattn of «*l«*<'tric cum*nt |mt month, and from May 1 
t*i .\ugu^ :U 1«iO (iiUr f«vt of gan or 12.0IM) wattn «*l«^*tri<* (*um*nt |i««r month, lian or 
eltt'tririty in «*xiiw* of tluwi* all<iwam^en will In* |iaiil for at the end of t«ch month 
to ihf <|iiart«'niianter by tiM* ren|ioiinible nom-ummiiwioni^l ntaff oHbvr. 

At |ii»tti«mlien* th«* el<^iri4*<*unvnt in funiif>li<«<l fn»m < i ov<*nim«*nt plant the rluirge 
fi»r till* «*iiii«i will Ih* at tlu* rate i>f 10 centn |n*r l.um mattn. \l \tiKtttt %kh4«r«* inyi or 
«*l<«i-tri<' <'iim*nt in olitaintMl from local comiiaiiy tlie rliarge for the ex«^w mill lie at 
fontrai't pri****. 

1 131* In onler t«» mt^aaiin* the aiiMKint nf Kan or 4*l4<ctric cum*nt conHumi^l. ««cli 
ni>n<«>mmij»i«»iM-«l Ntaff «|tiartrni will U* pn»vi<U*il mith pn>|«*r nN»ti*r, tin* key ol which 
will Iw kepi in puaMMfio t»f tlie <|uaft«*niiaat4*r. 



\^G 



OA9 AND ELKCTBIO LIGHT — STATIONERY. 



llSa. Kiuh officvr'n <(iiai1(-ra will l>t> likowiw |>r»vi<lc<l willi a iiiHi-r ani) th« 
■H'i-ii|Hiiiit< 111 the Willie will )x> ntjuirvd to jiay fnr all gas or ckt'lrii- i-iimut tuinl nt 
raU-K as Jii(lit.-atc<l bIkivc. 

Thu I'UHt of iiu<tallatiiin of lights &nd flxtunw in offii-erx' quart<>re, ae in other public 
bniUliniES at |Hwte, will lie borne by the Quarternumtpr'ii l>epartinent, Irat after said 
ini^ailatioti all expenM' for r«paira, new lBnii)H,etc.,in officenj' iiuartero will tie- 1>ome 
by iHvupaiittt of Miiil i|uariera. 

1133. Authority tu Kraiitnl for the purthatic from the Qiiartorniaxter'ei Ileiiart- 
nicnt cif eaj' or I'lev-tric cnrrcnt, at rates an alxive inilioutcil, for um' in {hd^ cxchtuigca 
and otiii-r tiiiildiiips Ihe cxix-nM- of li)ihtiiiK which 'w not [layable from Uovtminent 
funtlx. All oxiK'iii*.' for n'jilapinjt biinil-oiit lainpc, n-iiuirint; lixtiinii, wiring, i-tr., in 
miirh biiililiiigH will Ix- lM)nic by tliv [laTtity iiiteroitnl. 

1134. At itu'h (HiHl riniiiilitil with a fortiliiiitioii fWirii- |>luiit HufKcieittly laifie 
fur Mi]i|ilyiii)i nii-<twary (MiiTciit for lighting builtliniRi anil iirouniln, tlit' plant inay Iw 
tiM-d for thai jiiirjiotH' by the Qiiartennaoter'B Dejiartiiient when uiithorirail by the 
(Jhiri cit KriKineers, proviiliid tlial the nt^ln of ilvfeiiM- nhall have pn'<^iienn' over 
port liuhliti^t or [MiwiT Mipply iii any cane in whii-h lioth iih.ii are miiiDltaiittiuiiljr 

For iliin |inr|>on'< when Innilx that an' applii'alile I'an U^ t>|ian.Hl, the Engineer 
Depart] lie ill will cimiitnirt ne4vi«ury comhiili', Hcrviie winf, etc., to deliver the eur- 
rent to the varionH liuililiii).')' anil to exterior li);hb<. am) the (liiartertnaHler'i* Deiwrt- 
inent will wire the Imililingn, liiniifh nieleni fur Klljivm' and niineoniiiiinnoned 
()lliecri>' <|iiarteri<, e^iteriiir laiiipK, I'lc, anil will in aildilion lo the fuel, material, eti'., 
ni|iilreil to lie InminhiHl by it to all fortification eleetrii- planlH under the provuiionH 
tif jiaragriiph ^tW) of IheH- Ktyiilutionis Niipjily for mieh plantiiaMniay U- iMil for |H*tf 
li^litin^ all iiiali-rial and fiiniln iKKi-Mwry for their rejiair ami pnixervalion. 

I ISS. The aUi>wHii<'«'K of lain|iH and mineral oil an' prohitiitiil for ImildinK* and 
)j;roniidH where g^v or elii'trie lit;ht iii ini<liill<i1. 



Onnmiinili-r »f nn urtiiy. amir niriH. •Ilvli 
ih'lnirtiiKiil mlwl inty he niiiiMr)' lur 
■nilpunfiitthi-ltnililli'ilnlyi. 

CHiinunilrToliilirliEwkitfilbilrfrl. hirhlmi 



than fivi- <iiiii|«ri1<w. fi-r lilinwll «nil ntnll.., 
Ilhvr oimnuntlliiK ■ f*t «f dhiK' lliiin tw 

h-Mthan nveniBi|iHnri-> 

. .iiniiiiiniliniri>tl><v<>f apiiKtiir twiiiiiniainli 
(.VmiiiiinilliUt "inii-riif h |iiwt«f 'iiH>Hnii|iiiujr( 



OnUi'tsoI thi- lrM> „. .. 

Ui'iii-nl*. I^y. anil giMrteniiutfr*!. ■IrivrtDii'iilii 



II 



5 S: 
I i 



PURCHAHR OK PUBLIC ANIMALS. 157 

1 137. To («aA*h officv denk or table m allowcMl one inkHtand, one iiiiiN*r foM«*r, one 
ruler, one nttt*! eraner, one pieee of india rublMT, and four \em\ |H*nrilH. A ttHn|iany 
(^»niniand«T ii* «*ntitl<'<l Ut thin allowance. Officem when n*lievtHl will tnuiitfer ofRce 
0tati(»nerv to their micceflioni. 

1I3*|. The ijtiartennafft4*r'H I>e|iartnieut in authoriztNl to ii*«u«' yearly to n>lin*«l 
otti<vn<« ii|Mm |ini|ier re(|uii«ition, nix quires of writing; |itt|»tT. on«* liiuidnNl oflieial 
en\«*lo|M*M, fifty lett<*r enveloiien, one piiH.*!* uf otKee ta|H\ iind nnr-half (|uin* of 
env<*lo|K* {NiiMT. 

1139. Thi* yimrly allowamx* of ntationery t4» a fai*rv«*ant of tin* |HiHt nonmnitniH- 
iiion«*<l htaff oil duty at a |MMit not f{arrif«»m*d 1>y triMiim in two (luin-^^itf writin^r |)a|»t*r, 
letter HI 21*. fiMir Hht<etii of hlottinf? pii|N*r, ^ih* hundnnl envi'lo|M*H. otIiciHl f<tZ4% one 
doz4*n Ht4i*l |H*ni«, two |ienholden«, one pint lM»ttle of black ink, one Hinall liutth* of 
inufilaKi* with bni>*li, one inkj«tand, and one |»i(*<'«* (»f ottitf ta|M*. 

1 140. N«*<^f«4ary »itation4*ry for <*ourt« and IxianlM will U* fiimixhetl on n««|uiKition 
of th<* judire-iiilvo(mt4* or rt>«*order, a|»pn>viMl by the prifiilin^; ofiUvr. 

Pf'M*HAHK or It'BUC AMMAIJ«. 

I I'll. I*iin'hiiHe of horwM for th«« ««va]r>' and iirtilliTy. for Imlian n*oiiIi«, ami for 
Kiirh infantry and tii^iul detai*hni«*ntK m niay Ik* tiionntiHl, will U* iiuule by contract, 
after «*iitii|M'tition ihily invit4^l by th<* Qtiart4*niiaf«ter'H lH*|«irtnicnt and iin inH]MHiion 
by HK-h «l«*|iartnH*nt--ull under the dint'tion and authority of th«* S«<«'n*iary of War. 

1 1 19. The <avalry hon«* niiiMt U* mmntl anil well bn^l; Ki*ntlc under the Muildle; 
frei- fn>tii vicioii«4 habitn; with f n't* and prompt action at the walk. tn»t. an«l tmllop; 
uithiMit lileininh or defi^*t; of a kiml ilii«|MM<ition; with eany UKMith aofl leait, and 
othenftiM* to confomi to the followinf^ilcwription: 

A i:el«linft! of unifonn ami hanly ndor; in iro<Ml t'ondition: fn»ni tifte«'n and (»ne- 
fourth to Mxtivn liandn lii»;li; wei)fht not lew than \Ca) nor more than 1, !•')() |MNUidi«; 
(nMii four to eitsht yt^arn old; In'ail and earn nmall; fon'heuil brfvul; ey**** birv«* and 
pnttiiinent; virion |M*rfect in ever>' nw|M^*t; Hh(Mild«*rH lonir and i«lopinir well lui'k; 
chi'T't full. bn«<l. and <l«^*p; fore l(*^l« Htrai^ht and ftandin^r well under: lum*l lanev 
aiHl in« n^afHi^r from irirth lowanl flank; withen* elevat^tl; lia«*k nhorl and Htraiitht; 
loiiif*aiiil haunchett bnMul and muncular; liockn well lH*nt and under the honn*; |4ii». 
tent^ clantiiitf and feet fimall and i«rtimL 

KjM'h hop*!* will U* HubJ4*<*teil t4i a ri^d ini<|iivtion, and any animal that doii* not 
in«««'t the H!»i»\e n*i|uin*mentft in every n«j«|«*<i munt U* n*i«i't«'«l. 

A hor>«* inider fi\e y«*ani old i*hould ni»t In* ai*t'«*pt<-il unh'M* a <*|N*cialiy tine. w«*ll- 
d4*v*>l<i|H«l animal. 

1 1 13. The ttniiltTv hi>r«4* if* n'«|uire«l for ipiick 'traft pMr|Hiii<*«. an«l r*h<»uld move 
the 111 rr I atf*'. ••nlinariiv. bv weiitht thn>«n int<i tin* oillar rather tlian l»\ inu-tiilar 
excrtiiin. 

Thf aniiiiiil munt U* »«»uti«]. with'Mit blemitih tir •t«>fe«*t. well bn**!. «if a kind ili-iM*- 
iQtitiii. and fn^> from \icioUH habitj*; a r«|uan' trottiT. well broken ti> hani«*N*, iin«l 
|l«*title und«-r thi* •a<tille; with euf*y mouth and ir»it. an«l with fn^*, pnniipt attion at 
the walk. trot, and tmllop; and otherwise to conform to th«- follow inif •le««*ripfion; 

A k'«-ldiiiir of uniform and lianly i*o|or; in ir<HHl condition: from fifteen and oui*' 
fiMirth to «i\teen lutndf* hi|rh; weight «*f the ha^l hor>«> umI !•-«. than l.fi'io |Hiunilf*, 
an«t that itf thf wh«^*l horw* not mon* tlian l.lIM) |«itmiU: fn»m fivi* to eiirht y«'ani 
4iM. \\fi%i\ and ear* untall; for«*h4*«iil bri«i|; ey«-*i larhre an«] pn>iiiiiM'nt: \i«ion |M*rft^t 
in «'\fr\ n-«|M^-!: i-hi^ full, bn«i]. and d«'«*p; fore l«v*' •trausht auil -tandinir well 
under: •houlilepi MUfTicienlly broail to iiup|«irt th«' (-••liar. Imt not t<«»hea\y; l«im*l 
laiv*' and inrn-a^ink' fntm k'irth towanl flank, withfp* ••levate*!: lurk i-hi»rt an*! 
irtniikdit. with bn«id. deep Itun*. »hort t-tMipNil with ■•••liil hiiiil •|ii.iriir-. h<N-kft well 
U'nt and un«ter the liorM*; |«iitemfi filantuiir and ftvt mkumI and in (ruoil older. 



158 PUBLIC ANIMALS VETERINARY MEDICINES. 

Long-legged, looee-joinietl, long-bodieil, and narrow-chested horeen, a» well aa thorn 
which are restive, vicious, or too free in hameas, or which do not, ujion rigi<l inspec- 
tion, meet the above requirements in every respec't, will be rejected. 

1 144. Mules purchased for the Army by the Quartermaster's Dejiartment should 
conform to the following conditions: They should be strong, stout, coiiipa(*t, sound, 
and kind; they should l)e free from defects in every partiinilar, four to nine years 
old, 850 to 1,200 pounds in weight, fourteen to sixteen hands high, and suitable in 
all respects for the transportation service of the Army. If for draft pur]M)ses, they 
will be well broken to harness; pack mules need not Xm broken, and may l)e not less 
than thirteen and a half hands high, if otherwise suitable. 

1145. Public animals shall, upon the day received, be branded with the letters 
''U. S." on the left fore shoulder. Cavalry and artillery horses, assigned to oi^gani- 
zations, will also l)e branded on the hoof of one forefoot, one and one-half inches 
below the coronet, with the designation of the regiment and troop or battery. 
Branding irons will be supplied by the Quartennaster*s Department of uniform size 
and design. Letters ''U. 8.'' to lie two inches in height I^etters and numliera of 
hoof brands on the same line, to be three-fourths of an inch high, the letter to pre- 
cede the number, and blocked so as to penetrate the hoof one-sixteenth of an inch. 

1 146. A complete descriptive list of each animal will l)e ma<le at the time of pur- 
chase, and will accompany him wherever he may be transferred. 

1147. A descriptive book of public animals will l)e kept with every tnM>pof cav- 
alry and liattery of field artillery, and with the reconls of every ofil(x*r resiionsible 
for public animals. It will contain a description of every animal received and trans- 
ferre<i, showing the kind, name, age, size, color, marks, brands, or other |HH*uliari- 
ties of each; how and when acquired and if disposed of in what manner; the name 
of its rider or driver, and the peculiar use to which applied. 

1148. When public animals are issued or transferred, the person in charge will 
be provided with full and accurate descriptive lists, which he will deliver to the 
receiving officer, by whom they will be entered in his descriptive lKX>k of public 
animals. 

1140. Public animals will be assigned to their riders or <lrivers, who will not 
exchange or surrender them to the use of any other penon without the |>ermisBioii 
of the company commander, quartermaster, or other officer responsible. 

lliMI* Horm*sand nmles inspected and omdemned as unfit for ser\'ice will be 
advertised for sale and disposed of within ten days from date of advertisement. 

VETXRIIfAKY MSDICINB). 

llftl. Veterinary medicines, instruments, and supplies f(»r the treatment of pub- 
lic animals and authorized private horses of mounte<l offitx^rs are fumishe<l by the 
Quartennaster's Department. Estimates will l)e prepare<i on the regular form for esti- 
mates for qtiartenuarter's stores and in conformity with the standanl supply table 
furnished by the Quartermaster-lveneral. 

1 159. The quartennaster will liave charge of veterifiary medicines and dnwsingn, 
and, under the direction of the commanding officer, will issue ami exp(*nd such arti- 
cles and in such quantitifs as may \ye necessary. A H|K.H*ial n^^uisition fi>r articles 
not in the table, with an explanation of the nature c»f the einergi>ncy or irast^ rt»nder- 
ing it necessary, will be forwarded, through the n^gular channel, for the action of 
the QuartemiaHter-iteneml. 

1153. V^eterinary instruments and books will remain in the custo<ly of the 
quartennaster, aiul will l)e hianeii as needed in the public ser>'ic(*. 



roRAOK AND STRAW \M 

rilRA<lK ANI> KTKAW. 

' 1 IM. Tlie foraice ration for a horpi* w fouii4*<'n |Mmn«lH of liny an*! tw<*lv<* imhiiicIm 
of 4«ti«, n»ni, or lairlcy ; f«ir a mule, fourt4H.*ti imiuikIm of tiay ami iiiiu* imuiikIh of i«iti4, 
<i»ni, or liarlvy. Department romnian<lerM will nilui^t* the ff>ra|^» ratitui when 
nevfiwarv. 

• 

I lilil. Where icraxinK ia praeticahle, or when little laUir w n^iuirevl, eimuiianilintr 
iitli«*<*ni will i»nler a jwlinoiw reiluction of the foniici* ration. 

I lft#. Forairi* will lie iaMMsii only durinic the month when «lue. 

I lilY. Fnrairi* ia fumii*ht'«l only t4»ofncen( for the hnrMf* own«*<l ami a«*tiially kept 
hy thcni in the |«>rfoniianct> of their ofllrial <luti«*H when Ki*r\-infr with tnM»|iH in the 
tlel«l iir at military poHtu and utationi*, ami for the foUnwint; nunilN*r: To a litHitenant- 
iceneral, four; Ut a major-ippneral or a lH4|ca(lier-fci*neral, thn***; t4ia«^ilonel, lientenant- 
Ciil<in«*l. major, captain, or lieutenant, nMiuntt'vl, ami nviniental ailjutant aii<l qimr- 
t4*niuiHter. ««i>h two. 

llilM. Mf»unt4*«l ntDivra will not une imblie horw*** ami at the Mnie tini«* (Iraw 
fonnff* for thoM* ttM*y own; nor will they iim* fHihlir animaln «*x(vpt an anthoriMNl hy 
nvnlatioiiK. Shouhl (*in*iHiu<taneei« n*mler it n<*e«'M«ry. an oflicvr may U* tem|M»rarily 
fnniif«h«*«l puhlir hon4it>, ImiI durinfr mirh |x*ri«Ml he will not U* iii*niiitt4*<l to draw 
fonun* for a private home. 

llil#. .\n offitvr not nMHnit«*(l may |*un*haM* fora^ri* f«>r two honti-H kopt for hit* 
own tiM', for mhieh he will U* etianceil tvint, inrhidini; trani«|Mirtation. Thi' raih* of 
foratfi* ti» m(>init«N| iifDcvn* in forliiilden. 

1 1##. .\n officfr nliall n<»t n*ll, mir allow to U* r«ild, thf forain* iM*n(*«l ft»r hii« own 
liorMfifir tin* puhlii* animali* under hii« rlianri*: nor nhall h«* nne or dif«iHiM* of, «»r |i«*r- 
mit to U* iiMfl or difi|M«ii*<l of, iiu<*h forai^e, or any |iortion th«-n<<if, cxcvpt for the 
imriHiM* for which it wan ii«<ut*<l. Foraire ti«iu«*<l f(»r a |Mirti«iilar fieriiMl and unom- 
mnn«'«l iliirinir th«* iM*rioil will U* taken up and profHTly aiiitunt^Nl for. The (*oni- 
niaiitliiti; otlif*<i'r will mni|iarp the n*i|uij«iti4»ni« with the i|uart«-nnaiit«*r*H alK<tnii*ti* of 
iM*mf* an«l mhi* of forafre, and if n>rreet i«i certify on tlu* atintrai't. 

1 l#l. Whvn mattreHMw ar«* not mipplie<l, 4«i*h enli>it<*«l man in l«rrai*kj( and i'a4'h 
prtMinrr in the inianllioUN* will tie allowed a UnI Ha«'k and thirty |ioundi« of utraw 
jNT month for U<«ldinfr, and nH*n in (iekl h<H«pitali« f«iii'hi|iMntity ai« th<*4*hit*f ni«*«li«'al 
otfiinT tiliall i-vrtify an m«i*«TC«ry. 8«» far ai* prai'tii-ahU*, iron hunkj* will he funiiiilM'<l 
to all pni«»n«*ni in |h«K mianlhoiiMv an<l priwm riMiniK. 

ll#)l. Oii«< hundrvil pounfln of rtraw |ier month iji allowe<l for U^ldinir to «'a«'h 
hi»n«' or mul«* in |Mihlie nervice. At |M«itf* wh«*n* jit raw if not fumiHht*«l hay will la* 
ii««Uf*ii and iw*i| fur Uihling. 

TAai .«!Vt> An^MWrARlUT) loK I'Hiil'KKTY. 

1 1#3. I'lih*!** (itlierwiM* iqierially direi*te«l hy tht* .S*4-n'tary nf War tlH*n> iiill U* 
at ttM'h military' |Ma4 or litation lait f»ne am^mntahK* of|i<vr in tht* i^iiart«'niiaHter*M 
lH*|4irlni«*nt. and hv will aiT^iunt for all «]iiafl«*niiai«t4*r'fi Mippliiii thrre in iim* or in 
rt*»nv 

1 1#4. Wh<*n tnio|v*art* aKnemlilnl fi»rtl«*ld M*rviiv, then* viill Im* Imt laM^aiiiiunt- 
ahlf olfh^T in th<* l^iiartrniiafit«*r*fi lH*|iartnit*nt for «tM'li ntniii«'t*t. M«|«irat4* l«ttalion, 
or npiailnin, an«l h«* mill aminrnt for all «|iiart«*niiai4«T'f* iiuppli<v in tlu* |M*M^«iioii «if 
tlH* i^iuimaiHl of which In* in (|tiartemiaf4fr. 

1 l#ft. \i plai^« m|uirinK tin* fien'i«^v **{ mon* than on«' «|uart«'niiant«*r ••aih onf 
clianeeil with th«* <*an* ami iliniHMtion of t|uar1fniiar*t«'r'i* fiupplitii milt aaii»init for 

till* P«Ulif. 

I !##• <HrioTii roniniamlinir naniauiiiii **r il«'ta« hni«*nti* mill U* funiinhol hy th«* 
ciiiartrmiaKter, «>n appnn't^l n!«|uii»ition, with th<* n<*«ii««ry aiithoriuil 4|iian4*nnai^ 



160 FORAGE AND STRAW. 

ter*8 supplies; and for all such, except those that may l)e properly (lroppe<l as 
expended, said commanding officers will give memorandum receipts to the m^oount- 
able officer, who will continue to bear said supplies on his return until they have 
been transferred or expended and duly accoimted for as required by regulations. 

1167. Offi(!ers commanding companies or detachments temporarily al)8ent from 
posts will (continue responsible to quartermasters from whom supplies have l)een 
procured on memorandum rec^eipts. Should the services of a quartermaster become 
necessary, one will be appointed for the command. 

] 16§. When troops change station, only such quartermaster's supplies as are 
authorized, or as may be directed to be transferred, will be removwl from the sta- 
tion. Company and detachment commanders, prior to departure from a station, will 
have a settlement with the quartennaster for supplies held on memorandum receipt. 
For such supplies as must accompany troops, company and detachment conunanders 
will give certificates to the quartermaster. Memorandiun receipts that have lx»en 
thus satisfieii will be returned to the resijective company and detachment command- 
ers. The quartermaster will forward the certificates, a<'companied by the requisite 
papers for transferring the accountability, to the quartermaster at the destination of 
the troops. The commanders of incoming organi74itions upon arrival will rejKjrt 
the supplies in their custody and give memorandum receipts therefor to the quarter- 
master, who will then return to the respective commanders their certificates. 

1169. Certificates given for supplies accompanying troops and memorandum 
retreiptw given by officers for supplies issued or loaned for their individual use, or for 
use of the organizations under their command, will l)e made in the i)rt»*H!rib«l form, 
and should any officer, when called upon by proper authority to produce any of the 
supplies enumerated therein, fail todo so, or to furnish projwr evidencni that deficient 
or damaged supplies have been aci^ounted for as required by regulations, the name 
of the officer delincjuent will be reported to the Se<'retary of War by the Quarter- 
masttT-General, and said officer*s pay to the extent of the deficiency or damage will 
be stopped, in (conformity with paragraphs 783 and 784. The ac^countable officer may 
droj) from his return the articles deficient, forwarding the memorandum receipt or 
certificate as a voucher therefor. 

1 1 70. A forage master or wagon master shall not be concerneil, directly or indi- 
rectly, in any means of transport employed by the United States, or in the purchase 
or sale of any property i)rocured for or belonging to the United States, except as 
agent for the Government. 

1171. Deliveries under contract will l)e made monthly when practicable. Offi- 
cers resixmsible for stores will take the nex^essary precautions to prevent loss or 
damage. 

1172. (Jrain, hay, straw, and coal when ret^eiveil will l>e carefully weighed. 
WwkI will l)e carefully piled and measured. 

117:1. Short forage should Ixj contracted for by the hundred ])<)midH, but when a 
contract for grain is made by the bushel the number of i)ounds jwr bushel will be 
specified in the contract. 

1174. Every officer acrcountable for fuel, forage, and straw, at the end of each 
quarter and also when transferring to a successor, will verify by actual weight or 
measurement the (luantities on hand. In ca«e of transfer the verification will be 
ma<le in the presence of the riK^eiving officer. 

1 1 75. The (juantities of fuel, forage, and straw on hand will he certified to by the 
officer accountable, and his certificate to that effect will be attached Uy his proi)erty 
return. 

1 1 76. The commanding officer of the post will see that the verification required 
by paragraph 1174 is made, and at the end of each quarter he will send to depart- 



HORSES OF MOUNTED OFFICERS. 161 

mnit lu»a<l(inarterH, or if Horvinjf at an arnenal or an in(ie]>endent pf>8t ordoiK)t, to the 
Qua^fnnap«ttT-(n*neral, a <vrtificat4» Htating that the verilication has been made, and 
that, ill his opinion, the ((uantitien ai'tually on hand, ati detennined by mich verifica- 
tion and <*ertifie<l to by the ac<*^»nntable officer, art* correctly reported. The certifi- 
cat«* will Ih' made in duplicate and one will Ik» filed with the pont retx)rdfl. In ca«e 
ex<*t»«* Im* foun«l, it will l>e taken up on the return for the quarter. In case of defi- 
ciency, a l»oanl of survey will Ihj calUni to make a full invet<tigation and will rej)ort 
the fa<*t:*, with it« concluHioun an to the caunt* of <ieficiency and reB|K>DHibility 
then'for. 

1177. Kvery officer aiH^untable for iiuarterma^ter'H supplies) will keep himself 
atvurately informtnl, by j)en*onal examination, of the (]uantitiea and condition of the 
projH^rty on haml, and will l>e held strictly resijonsible that they are correctly 
rejKirteil <in his returns. The commanding ottict^r will see that a complete, detailed, 
and a<*curate inventory of such pn)pt»rty, excvpt that hehi on memorandum receipts, 
is taken by the accountable offiwr in |)erson at least oncv each year, and as nmch 
oftener as he may deem ne<*eHsar>' for the interi»sts of the (iovemment. At each 
transfer of such proj^erty lK)th the invoicinjj and re<'<»iptinjr officer will attend in per- 
son, and (*a<>h will satisfy himself, by perwinal (*ount and examination, that all prop- 
erty invoice<l is on hand and in condition as stateil in the invoices. When loss, 
dama^, t»r deficiency is <iiscovertHl ufK»n taking; any of thest* inventories, a l)oard of 
survey will Ik* calle<l at oni-e to investigate and asi'ertaiu the cause thereof, which it 
will n^{)ort with its iHmclusions as to the n^ponsibility for the same. 

IIORSEX OF MOrNTKI) OPKICKRS. 

117M. In the field, at i>osts, or in active servi(*e, sali*s of horses held in the 
Quartermaster's IVfiartment for issue, sale, or ket^pin^ may l)e made to mounted 
of!i«t»rs, with the approval of the Commanding (Jeneral of the Army, or on the 
authority of the StM-n*tar>' of War. Horst^s In^longing to tnwps of cavalr>' and to 
flatteries of artillery will not Ix? K>ld nor turne<l in to the Quartermaster's Dei>art^ 
ment unless previously insiHi'tiNl and (*ondemne<l as un«»rviceable. The price to be 
paid for a h«»rs<» purchase^l by an otficvr will In* its (»ost to the Government. Pur- 
chasi* and {myment will l>e completcsl within thirty days from the date of re<*eipt of 
authority for the sale, and the purchase* money at once de{X)sited to the credit of the 
curn*nt appntpriation. Horses thus sold will not l>e exchanged or retume<l. 

1 179. The ust» uf public horst»s by officers rei-eivinjf mounted pay will he regu- 
lat*'<l by de{>artinent commanders in cH)nfonnity with the nwewities of the public 
st'rvij-e. I'ldess s]MM*ially exci»pte<l by the Commanding (Jeneral of the Army, all 
mount4*<l officer>i will Ik* re<|uirc»<l to kt»ep the private horst^s necessary for the efficient 
perfoniiance of their duties, 

1 1 MO. Whilt* serving with a light or mounteil liattery a captain or lieutenant of 
artillerv will U* allowe<l to use a Itatterv h<>rse. 

11 Ml. The i^uarteniiaster's iVf^artment will pn»vide an«l ii*»ue horse* and mule 
sho«»?», nail.-, smith's tfM»ls, and materials re<|uinM| for the s*'rvi<v, except the smith's 
t«H)lsof the battery wagnUH and forgi^s of light batteries. The horst*s of a tnK>p of 
cavalry nr liirbt Imttery \^ill U* sho<l by its farrier or blarksmith. 

lIMtf. The <2iiarterni:ister\*< D^'imrtnieiit will tnui-port. f«»r officers rbanging sta- 
tion, the nnmUT **{ horM*y for whirh th<*y an* It'irally ei»titl«Ml to foniu'e. and an 
att4*ndaiit t«» accomiuuiy the lioi>«»s when iu*<e?*.Hjiry, -»ibj<'<t to the Iollo^^ing 
fi'strietion-: 

I. That the ex|M*ii-«' pai*l by the Inited Statf?* shall not exi»-e<l $1(H) for ea<-h 
hors«' tRin?«jN»rt«*<l. The <i»st of su<'li ?«hipiiH'iit will U* a^-rtrtanud in advance, and 
if fotnid to e\(*4*4Nl ^\iU) for each horse, including tran.-portation of attendant, if anv 

2816—02 11 



1 02 TRAN.SrOKTATION. 

the «'xri»>s inu?'t 1h» prfjuiid by the owner, who inuHt als<» j>ay all the t»xiH*iiHfH <»f the 
attendant other than his tninsjMirtation. 

'J. That the liorses art owned hy the oliieer and were us* n1 hy him in t hi' public 
serviee at the station from which he is i»nlere«l to move, and i\TV intendtvl t«i lie so 
nse<l ))y him at his new station. 

.'?. The hoi-ses of n*tired otiiecrs or <»tUeers ordere<l to their homes ti> await retire- 
ment, or odicers onli'HMl nn reeruitinj; serviee or eollivt^ detail, or to effect a volun- 
tary transfjT, or to attend schools of instruction as student otlicerH, exet»pt when 
ordi-retl to duty as stndi-nts at the United States Infantry and Cavalry School, Fort 
lA-avenwortli, Kans.. will n«»t 1h* transiMirt<Ml at piihlic exponwe. 

TKANsl'OKTATlOV. 

(if III I'lif I*rorisHiits. 

] l^;l. Vor wa^(»n and ]»ack transjH)rtati<»n nniles will generally Ix; employ etl, and 
horses may Ik- usi'il for sad<ll«' purposes hy wap»n ma'^ters. messonpers, expressmen, 
and enij)loyees or enlisteil men [lursuinjr kindrnl <K'cu]>ations which re<piin» them to 
he mounted, l''or draft pnrptises, exce[)t at «lejM»ts or jMists in or near large eitiea 
where liitlc trans]Mirtation is necii«Ml, hoi-s«'s will not In? use<l unle:<s hi^m rial I y author- 
ized hy thi* War Pepartment. 

I INI. Tlie allotment of ilnift an«l jiark anitnals ti» each military de]mrtment will 
he !iiade hy the (iuarterma>ter-( Jenenil nniler the ilirection of the Se<*retarj' of War. 

I1N5. TIk- transportation of sup]»lies from place of purch:u«e or from supply 
ileptits to military po»»ts, «»r from o!u' |>ost to another, will lie j>rovide<l imdt.Tcimtract 
made ))y tlie c^uarteriiia>tcr'> department, except wlicn tlu' means of tnini<{K)rtation 
authorized in paniu'raph 1IS4 isa\ailahle. 

11^0. in providin;j: transportation for jM-rsons and propi'rty, the shorltwt prac- 
tica)»le lontc will, as a rule, 1m' aili>pted, although a l»»n;:er one may Ik.* use<l to Becure 
lower ratr>- when time will jM'rmit. When comjK'tin;: n)utes furnish njual facilitiefl, 
advanta;:es, and rates. ca»h will he driven a sharetif emjdoynient. 

11N7, Tin* alli»wance of s]>rin;r wa^rons, ex«*lusive of the iirescril»e<l atnlmlonoe 
for the sii'k, is tixed at one t«» each post, except when otherwise authorized by the 
War I)e]»art!iient. All four-wheeled passeiijrer wa^rons («*xct»i»t amhulances) having 
sj»rini:> umler the ho'lx shall U' consiilere<l spring: wairous. 

IINN. Si)rin«^ wa^iMis will he used «inly hy «lirection of conmumdiuj: otlicere and 
for the p»irpo>«' for whi<*]i they are supplied, viz, for the tnmsportatio!i <^f ottieersand 
eidisted m«"n travelint: on duty when other means are not availahle. 

II NIK The (Quartermaster's ])epartment will ]irovide tlh^ n(M'ess4iry amlmlanees 
f<»r trans] M»rtini: the sick and wound«*<l upon the ni|uisiti«>n of the projMT niedii^l 
odicer. 

1190. All nu-ans of jnihlic transportation at a post will he acciumteil f(»rby the 
<iuarternciister, and will he under his ("harjre except a,*' provided in para^rraph 1610. 
Post «'onimanders will causi? cavalry troops ami field batteries to be pn»vi»led tlally 
with the i>roper facilities for policintr stables and hauliu;: fora^i'. 

1191. ('ommandin;r <»Micei*s will jrive timely n(»tice to the ])roper tillii-ers of the 
(iuartermastt'r's Department c)f all contemplat<Ml movenients «»f tro»»ps and supplies, 
that i>ro|MT and sulfn-i^'nt tnuisporiatitni may be in remliness. 

1 192. The tluty of furuishinir transportation at any ]M>st. station, or depot will !>« 
intrusted to one ollicer of the (Quartermaster's l)e])artment, on whom n'tjuisitioiia 
will be ma«le therefor. 



THK ARMY TRANSPORT SERVICE. 163 

THK ARMY TRANHPORT HKRVICR. 

1193. The (iimrteniittsU'r'H lK*partiiu>iit of the Anny in chai^^l with the trans- 
|M)rtatinii uf tnHipHaiui Hiipplu^ l)etwe(»n the rnitinl Statenarxl Huch over-nea garrisons 
an<i military eoiitinan<lH an nhall be aiithorize<l Those officers and em ploy ees who 
are detailed to <*arry out the work constitute the Anny TranHi)ort Servi(*e. All neceH- 
Hjiry exiH-nses incident to that K»rvice will U' paid from the appropriations made for 
the sup|Mirt nf the Army. The Anny Transj)ort Servia* is fjoveniiHl by 8pei*ial regu- 
lations proiinilpitisl by the Secn»tary of War. 

1194. The or>rani74ition and conduct of the Anny Transj>ort Sen'ice will l>e 
ahsimilated lu** nearly lu* j)ra<*ticable to the most imj)n)viHl metho^ls of administration 
of a <-harteriHl steamship business, Hubje<*t to such modifications a» shall l)etter 
adapt it tn >:«>vernmental puri)o«»8 and the general requirements of military 
administration. 

1 195. The Army TransiM)rt St»rvi<v will have full charge of and responsibility for 
the )N-rthin^and sul>sistingof all authoriz*»<l pt»rsonson Intanl, and will supply every- 
thing ne<'t»ssary for that purjx>w?. The sal<M)n, cabin, and other supplies and equip- 
ment fi»r the s<'veral cla>JK»s of jK»rsons transj>orted will l)e of the Ix^st ({uality and 
su<'h as an* j>n»vide<l in passengt»r steamers of standanl class. 

1196. Subject to the sujH»r\'ision of the Quartennaster-deneral, the Army Trans- 
I>ort S rvice will Ih» <*oiiducted by its own officers and employtH»s, e«i>e<*ially selected 
or a]i)Miinte<l, an<l un<lcr its own regidations, aiid l)e made, as far as practicable, inde- 
}M*ndt>nt of the a<lministration of other branches of army trans{>ortation, but such 
matters lu* ndate to the subsistentv and me<lical dei>artments will be under the su|)er- 
visioii of the chiefs of th<>se bureaus. 

1197. To each transjKjrt .^hall l)e assigiu**!, when re<juinHi by the nature of the 
«'rvi<f, a tr.insiM»rt quarterma.ster, who shall Ik» an officer of the (iuartennaster's 
I)e|Mirtnient, s«*hM*tc<l or api)oint4»d with sjHM'ial n»ference to the nt»e<ls of the trans- 
jxirt MT\ice i»nd under the dir^'tion of the gi»neral superintendent, to act as quarter- 
mast(>r, suiKTcargo, and disbursing officer of the ship. 

119N. The transiK)rt <juarternia*«t'er will Ik» the repres<»ntative on lx>ard ship of 
the general suiH-rintendent, antl all onlers for tiie ship will Ik» given to and thnmgh 
him, lie will have the general dinvtion of the movements of the ship and Ik; in 
general <-harge of its busint^ss ami resjMmsible for the projHT can* and disi)osition of 
th«' pa>M'ntrers and fn*ights until delivenni at di^stination, having, however, the 
master and chief eiii^iiUMT of the ship to exeri'ist* full and un<jUi*stione<l contnd and 
authoritx M\«'r all matters within their technical purview, and for which they are 
p^•fe^siollalIy res|M»nsiblc», :is the imnuMliate hea<ls of the dtvk and engine depart- 
ment.-. Any onlers to Ik» given by the transjMjrt quartermaster touching the <ieck or 
engine de{tartments will In* made ti» or throuirh the iniL»4ter. 

1199. I'lMin the arrival of an army trans|M>rt at a fon>ign ]M>rt the trans{>ort (juar- 
t«*nnasti'r will call in |M'rs<»n at the l'nit*Nl States Negation or <-<»nsulate and n*j><»rt the 
arrival "'f his ship in jMjrt. 

I^OO. The niri?«ter of pass4*ngers <»n the army trans'>orts shall show, in ciu^* <»f 
everx name there«>n. the adiln^ss (^riving street and numU'D •»( the n*Iative whom it 
is d(v-ire<l -hall U* informtMl in the event of death. 

Ill earh •a-*' ••( d<"ath •w^urrlnir on the tran-jnirt aiiioii;r the n'L'i'^tered ]ia»«'ntrers-- 
i, e.. otf'n «T- and eiili.-t«Hl mm not lH'l«'nL'inv: t«» di-tiint •■..inmands «»ii Koanl. as welj 
a.'J ri\iliaii- and eiii]»l«t\ »•<■**- the tran-|Mirt «piarti'rma>t«T uill «*«riirr llif rfft-rt?^ and 
pn-pan* a N-ttrr !•• the nran-t relative s^-ttinu' f"rtli tin* iiaiin-. rank. rttnij»anN. r^vri- 
ni«*nt. eni|»l«.yinent «ir ••«»nditi«»n **i the de«'ea-«"l. |»]a«r. «au>«-. "lay and li<»nr >>{ «h'alh, 
dij'iHt^itiiin made of remain.- and rffcrt- and li-t <>f tlii* latt«-r. ari<] inail tlir •-••ininnni- 
cation at the »-arlii*st op|>ortunity t«i its addres-*. Surh n«>tili< ati'>n «>l d«ath in the 



166 TRANSPORTATION REQUESTS. 

by which arrangeinentw have lH.H:»n inacle for through trant*]X)rtation upon single 
tickets, a single retiiiest, addressed to the initial road, will bo issued (except as pro- 
vided ill j)aragraph 121()), u^ion which tickets should be ])roirure<l by the officer ism- 
ing it or by the party to Ixj tran8i)ort43d. 

1214. If transportation is requireil over a line of roads, one or more of which are 
land grant and subject to deduction of rates, and a single reijuest is issueil therefor, 
the name of the road, the fact that it is land grant and suV)ject to de<luction, also the 
per centum of de^iuction, will be stated in the re<iuest, and in settlement for the 
service the de<luctioii on account of land grant will be ma(.le. 

1215. If arrangements have been made for transportation for a i»art of the distance 
at less than the regular through rat«, the rate for that j)art will be stated in the 
request. 

1216. When transportation is re<iuired over a land-grant road, a separate request 
may be issue<l therefor if the road desires it, provide<l the railroad com])any agrees 
that such action will not commit the Unite<l States to the jiayment of Uk^I rates for 
through trans]>ortation. Sei)arate requests must Ikj issue<:l in all cases where trans- 
portation is require<l over a l>ond-aided roa<l. 

1217. Duplicate requests for trans])ortation will not be issuc^l, nor will a request 
be issued after the transportation service has been iH»rformed. 

1218. No jMjrtion of a rcMjuest al>ove the signature of the issuing officer will be 
changed in any particular. If explanations are required, they will be made on the 
back of the re<iui»ht. 

1219. All unused tickets or jmrts of tickets procureil on a transportation request 
will be returned to the officer who issue<l them, and by him forwarded to the officer 
who i»ay8 the account for the service. The value of such ticket or jwirts of tickets 
will \)Q deducted from any money iUm or to become due the com]>any for traiLH]X)rta- 
tion over whose line they were obtained. On the colhu'tion of the value of such 
unused tickets they will l>e returned to the company by which they were issueil. 

1220. When transportation to any given |K)int and return is riH|uirtMl, the request 
for return transportation should Ikj obtained at the destination, provided it can be 
there prcK-ured, except in ca^-es where round-trip lick«Us can Im' obtaincMl at re<lut^ 
rates and made available for the journey; otherwise the tjuartcrmaster will issue two 
sets of requests, one to the place of destination, the other for return traiL*<ix:)rtation. 

1221 • All facts necessary to enable the paying officer to di.'cide as to the regularity 
or pn)priety of the proceeilings will ha state<i uix^n the r<M|uest. Should it apjiear to 
the paying officer that transportation has been im[)roi»erly furnisluMl by the issuing 
officer, he will make payment to the carrier for the service ai'tually ren<lere<l, and 
will send to the C2uartermaster-Cieneral a statement of all the facts, with a certified 
copy of the r<:M|uest. 

1222. Officers ilrawing mileage an.» authorized to carry with them, at public 
exjH'nse, such tjuantity of baggage as they may require, not t'xceeding lo()]>ounils. 
This will include the ]>ortion carrieil free by the transportation lines. 

1223. Officers traveling under oniers with transiwirtation furnishrcl them in kin<l 
by the Quarterma*<ter's Department, and who ilesire to rrtain in tlu'ir jwisM'ssion a 
quantity of Uiggage greater than that pib^seil free for pib^sengers }>y tin* rurricr, will 
be furnb»he<l with transix>rtation re<iuests, on which will be stated that i»orti«»n of the 
15() ixninds of l>aggage allowed in excess of the (juantity which, by the tariff <»i tlu' 
respective carriers, is transiM>rted free. The offi<'er receiving the n'qnest will certify, 
in the receipt a p[>en<le<l thereto, whether trans|M>rtation for such excess «>f baggage 
has 1.HH.M1 furnisheii, and settlement will In* ma«le by the (Quartermaster's I)«'partni«*nt 
with the n*si>ective carriers acconiingly. 



TRANSPORTATION REQUE8T8. 165 

TRANKPORTATION KEQITESTS. 

ItlOM. A rtHiueHt for tran8{)<>rtati()ii iniJUtMl by a (|uarUTina8ter phould «»t forth 
dati» aii<l i>la<fnf isHuo; time for which it will Ik* vali*!; name of c'^^miiiany re(]nirtHlto 
furnish tnin^|N)rtation; name of the i)erHon, or of the one in charp'of the {>arty to be 
tranHiH)rte<l, with niimlier thereof; ihhhkIi* of extra l)ajrjxaj;e, if any; onmnization to 
which the iK'n*on l)elonp«, if an olficer or enliHtt»«l man; the plai-es of original depar- 
turi' an<l ultimate destination, with the initial letters of each road or line to be u^ed 
on the jnuniey. 

1309. The officer furninhing the rtMiuest will indorst» lliercnm the authority for 
it8 ii^ue, the numl)er, date, and place of i>vue of theonler for transijortation, and the 
nature of the journey or pur|)o»e for which it is to Ik* iH»rfonne<l, a« follows: '* Chang- 
ing station;"' " net»erterH*' (giving name, rank, comiwny, and regiment); '* Return- 
ing fn)m furlough, pn»per officer notilie<l;*' *M)n detache<l st»r\ict»*' (the nature of 
the 8er\'i(v to be wtat*»<i); ** Dischargt^i soldiers en rout*' home (or en route to |>ay- 
master), indorned cm tinal statement;'' '' Insane soldier with escort to insane 
aflylum;" '* <iuanl an<i prisoners;" ** Kn route to or n»tuniing from civil court under 
orders without summons;" **Clerk (or agent) of the Quartennaster's IK»iwrtment;" 
and i-ause for travel, etc.; an<l if the recpiest is issued by virtue of any c<mtract that 
fact will )h* stated and the contract designate<l. 

1210. The spa<»e on the recpiest reserve<l for **Ki»marks" is intemUnl for any 
eztraonlinary notice, as, for example, when s|HH'ial rates shall govern, or when lim- 
ite<i or unlimittsl tickets shall issue in <»as4»s where two or m<ire classes of tickets are 
on sale, <liffering in cost or in time during which they <»an 1h' uscsi. \Vhen» thnmgh 
rates exist, notation should Ih» made ujhhi eacli of a serii.»s of seftarate re<juests, involv- 
ing continuous travel over two or more n»ads, to the efftH*t that si^ttlement will be 
math* on the l>asis <»f the division, among the n»ads intercste<l, of the through lim- 
ite<l rate for the entire jouniey. All oflitvrs charginl with the duty of providing 
trans]>ortation will infonn themselves u]H)n thes<* {Niints, and will avail theuiselves 
of all op{Hirt unities of siH'uring acceptable transi»ortation at the lowest prevailing 
prii^es. The accomnKMlationsafftmUil by tourist shvping cars, colonist or emigrant 
Mlee|»ers (a seat by day an<i a iKjrth by night for each sohiier), will Ik* furnished 
whenever practicable, pn»vi<le<l the (^>st (»f such ai^'onunodations, in ad<liti(»n to the 
travel fart* ini{><»s(*<l, d<K»s not exctH*<i the vitat of thnui^h hmitetl first-4'tass tickets 
b<»twei'n the {xiints involvt»<l, As a nile, such acconinuMlations should U* pnK*ure<l at 
the c<»Ht of s4*con<l-4'lass fan* with the price of st*at or InTtli, or lH>th, add(*<l; ami in 
forwanlint: deta<'hments even lower niti's may l»e secure<l. I)isbursing (piartermaa- 
ters will re|H)rt to the tiuartennaster-CJeneral all i-a^*** of ne>rle<'t <»r em>r on the i»art 
<if officers issuing trans]M>rtation n»<pu*sts which result in a waste of jiublic money. 

1411. K**i|U«'Sts should Ik* projK'rly rtveiptnl by the party name<l therein, and 
tii'kets pnH*un*<l lM*fore «*<immcn<*iiig tin* jounu*y, lu^ conductors are not authorized 
to a«'<*ept trun^|M»rtation n*«|uests. if mon* than om* jK-n-on is to U* trans|Hirt«"<l, the 
orti(vr or |M'rson in charge of the |»arty, in tilling; tlir nM-cipt. will stat«* tlu' nnmlK*r 
of th«* |KTs«»ns and |»ounds i»f fxtni bag;:au'f iiirrit d, ami \\\v rla.-s and dtxriptiini <»f 
tran^jMjrtati*!!! funiish«'<l. In no <*;l^' will a nM'«-i|it U- irivm fur transjMirtati«in of 
more }M*i>«ons or i*\tni bawrai^* than the n'<|Uf>t raIN i'mt. 

1414. Th<* blank n*<'4'ipt at the iMittoin nf tin* n-'itn-ot will Ih tilUd in ink. and if 
tlie |i«*rs«»n n*<'riptin^ can not writ** lii*< namr In- will mak*- lii- mark. wlii«h will In* 
witUfSi^Nl. Names and plac«*s willU' w ritt* n in lull. Ii tin- tr;m«.|M.rfati.«ii i- lur- 
nishi'<l by oth«T than |«is>«*n;riT train *tr in ••th«r ilian |.a-"rnji i r;ir- tin- la^ ! will U* 
Mtate<1 in the nieipt. 

I4II3. OtlioTy will takf adxantai^e of an\ txi^linj tlii-MiL'li rait-. « itiirr f'-r liit* 
wliule or {Mirt «tf the jouriicy. When lraii-j«»rtati«»n ir- n«|"iir<Ml ..m 1 •H\inil r^ads 



160 FORAGE AND STRAW. 

ter'H Hupplii'H; and for all puch, except thofle that may \k* prr»pc»rly dropixnl as 
oxik^iwUhI, Haiil (Hmiinandin^ officere will give meinoraiulum re<iMpti< t^> tlie a<Hf mnt- 
able officer, who will continue to bear said supplies on hin return until they have 
])een trannferred or expcnde«l and duly accounted for aH n^quired by regulationn. 

] 167. Officers commanding coni]Minies or detm^hmentM temporarily al)(H*nt from 
])OHtM will continue responsible to quartennasters fn>m whom sup)>li(>rt have lH>en 
|>ro<nire<l on memoran<lum receipts. Should the services of a quartennaster iK-come 
necessary, one will In; appointinl for the command. 

HON. When troo|)S change station, only such (luartenuaster'H Hupj»lies as are 
authori7^l, or as may l)e <lirected to ])e transfentnl, will Ih* rt^move<l fnim the sta- 
tion. C-om|»any and detai^hment connnanders, prior to <le|)arttire from a station, will 
have a settlement with the (piartenuaster for supplies hel<l (m memorandum rcfvipt. 
For such suppliers as must a(x*om|»any troops, com|)any and detachment commanders 
will give (X'rtiiicates to the quartt^nnaster. Memctrandum nnvipts that have In^cn 
thus satisfiinl will l)e returned to the res{HH;tive com|>any and detachment command- 
ers. The ({uartennaster will forwanl the certificattv, mcHmqianitNl by the re<iuisite 
|)aiH'rs f<»r transferring the accnmntability, to the quartennaster at the destination of 
the tnN»|)s. The commanders <»f incoming organizations U]>on arrival will re{M)H^ 
the suppli(>s in their custo<ly and give memoran<lum re<*i'ipts thert»for to the <juarter- 
master, who will then rt^turn to the respe<.*tive commamlers th«'ir <*ertifii'at4»s. 

11#9. (VrtiHcat4's given for su|>pli(^ accomitanying tnH>)»H an<l nuMnorandum 
riHvipts given by <»<li<'ers for supplies issutnl or loane<l for their individual uw, or for 
us(*of the organizations under their command, will Im* nuule in th(> pn*s<'rilM*<l form, 
and should any otiicer, when calle<l u|Km by pn»iH*r authority to ])nHln(*e any of the 
sup]ili(*s enumerat(Mi therein, fail todo so, or tr» furnish pn>jH*revi<len<'»' that deticii^nt 
or tlamage<i supplies have Imhmi accounti^l for as nH(uire<l by regulations, the name 
of tlu» officer delinquent will Ik» rc»iM)rtt^ to the SiM-retary of War by the Quarter- 
master-Cieneral, an<l said otKc*er's |iay to the extent of the deticiency or damage will 
Ih» stopjKxl, in confc»nnity with {laragraphs 7H3 an<l 7H4. The aiN-ountable o(ii<vr may 
dn>i) fn)m his return the articU»s deficient, forwanling the memoran<lum n^vipt or 
ct»rtificate as a voucher thert»for. 

1170. A forage master or wagon master shall not l)e conci>rne<l, <linH>tly or indi- 
nrtly, in any means of transport employe<l by the l-nittsl Statt^s, or in the |>un*hase 
or sale of any pn»|)erty pnKJurtHl for or lH*longing to the I'nittNl Stat4*s, excfpt as 
agimt f<»r the (T<»vernment. 

1171. I H»liveries under <*ontrwt will Ih» nuwle monthly when pnirticable. Offi- 
(*ers n»sjM»nsible for ston*s will take the nwessary pnH*autions t<» pn»vent \**tv or 
damagi'. 

117!l. (iniin, hay, straw, and ittal when n»<vive<l will U* can*fully weighetl. 
WcmmI will \n* can^fully piKnl and mt*asure4l. 

117:1. Short forage should Ih.* contnu*t<!!il for by the hundnnl iMiund.*<, but when a 
c<»ntract for grain is nuide by the bushel the numlteriif |Hiniids |mt bushel will lie 
s|N><'ifi4sl in the iitntruct. 

117-1. Kvery <»trut»r a<M*ountable for fuel, foragi\ and f*tniw, at the end of I'at'h 
quarter and alM> when transferring to a successor, will verify by actual weight or 
measuriMnent the quantiti«'s (»n hand. In ciise of transfer the verification will l>e 
maiie in the pn'sem*e (»f the re<viving otfnvr. 

1 1 75. The quantiti«'s of fuel, forage, ami straw on hand will \h* (vrtitieil to by the 
otiicer at'countable, and his <vrtificat4* to that effe<*t will Ik* atta4*luMl t<» his pn>{M*rty 
H'turn. 

1176. The commanding <itfiivr of the |MM<t will si^e that the verification n*4]uir(><l 
by /JurH^mph 1174 is made, and at the end of i*a«-h ipiarter he will si>n<l to depart- 



HORHKS OF MorNTKD OFFICKRS. Ifil 

niffit lii'a4l<|nart«>rH, nrif M*rviii)r itt an ar^'iml «»r an iti<l<'|i<^ii(lf»fit iMift iiril«*}i«»t. tutlu* 
Qii:irii'riiia«t«T-<f«*ii«TaI. a c^iTtiHcatt* statin;: that tin* v«Titt(iiti(»ii han 1n«cii iiijiih% ainl 
that, in hi." <»}»ini<in. th«* «|iiantiti4> iU'tiially on hand, a^ <h>t(*nnin(*(l by tnirh vt*riH(«- 
ti«'ii an«l i-i-rtifit**! tt» hy thf mn*i»untahli* nflioT, an* <*<»rnftly n'|Mirt4*il. ThiMiTtirt- 
fiitf uill Im* inaili* in <ln}ili«'at«* an<l «»nc ^^ill )h' TiImI with th«* |Miht n*if»nli«. In iiim* 
4.\c^« \tf fonnil. it uill U* tak«'n np <»n thi* nlurn for th«' (|imrt4*r. In fam' «»f «h*fi< 
ri«*tii'y, H Uianl **( Mir\»>y will U* calhil u* niak«* a fnll inv«vti^tit»n an«l will n^imrt 
thr Uu'tf*. with it»> (*<»n<*liL*'i(»nri at) \n the (*an<-«* nf ilcti('i<*n(*v aii«1 n*»«|MiiiHihiUty 
Xhvr%'U*r. 

1177. Kwry titrKvr aiitnintahU* ft»r <)nart4'nnar>t«*r*<« Hi|i|iliii4 will ki*t'ii hiniH«*tf 
a«-('nnit4*ly infMrtn«*il. hy |N*n4t»iial <'xaniinatitiii. nf th«* ipiantitifH and mnditinn i»f the 
|»ni|M*r1y on hanil. an<l will \h* hvh\ ntrirtly r«f<iHin>>ihh* tliat thry an* ii»rn*«*tly 
n-fHirtttl im hi- n'tunin. Thi* (*(ininijui«lin^ t»truvr nill H*«'that a otniplrtt*. <l«*tail4*(l, 
ami :i4-t-nnit«* inv«*ntnry <»f mui'Ii pn»|N'r1y, «'X<*<'pt that h«*l«l nn ninnnmnthiin n'<vipti«, 
i<* takfn hv th«* a«i^Mintahl«* utlh^tT in iHTHin at l«•a^t (tnn* 4ii«>h v«nir, an«l hh niiirh 
tift«'tH'r i%f \iv inav <l<*«'in m-in^wirv fi»r th«* intfr<'>tH i»f th«* <f(>v«*nini«*nt. At <'«4*h 
tran^f«T nf -ui-h pr«*]K*ny hotli th«* invdirini; and n^-riptin^ otliiiT will attt*nd in |N*r- 
Hitii, aiifl fa4*h uill rmtinfy hinim-lf. hy |N*rHinaI t*i»nnt an<l (*\aniination. that all pt«»|». 
«*rty invniifil if* on liand and in mntlition a.* ntatiil in ttu* invoiit'H. Wh<*n hw, 
<laniatf«*. or ih'tit'ifncy if* iliiN-ovrn-*! ufNin taking; any t»f thiti*' inv4*nt(»ri<>t«f a Uianl of 
Murxi'y Hill U' ralUil at orn^* to inv«>titnit«* and a^Hvrtain th«' ihum* tht*n'«»f, which it 
will n'}M.rt with itr* <t»n«-InHioii«t a^ to th<* n>|ionfihility for tht* i«im«*. 

lloK.<»|-> OF MolMKI* oKFK KIO*. 

117^. In the ti«-ld. at }MiwtH. i>r in U4 tivf MTvi>4*. •mUii 4if h4irKiii Ih^M in the 
<2Mart4-rnia-tfr*" lH'}ianni4>nt f<ir ir«ti«*. Nth*, or k4-«'pinir niay U* nia<l(* t«i in(>unt«'d 
<>thii>r^. with thi* a(>pnival of tht* (*4iinnian«lini! (H'thTiil ««f th<* Amiy, (»r (»n the 
aiithi>nt\ t*i tin* S*4n'tary of War llofM-M U-lnn^ini; to tnMi|»< nf iravaln' an4| t4» 
Uttt4'rit- iif ariilU'rx uill nt»t U* f^dd n«ir turn4'<I in to tlu* i^uaiieniiai«tf r'r* IV|iiirt- 
iii4-nt tinlt-— > pn'Mi'iiply inf«|M>«*t4'«l and i*ontl4'iitn4ii ar» unM*rvi4iiihh*. The pricv t<» he 
|«iid for a hiir»4' piin-liaM*il hy an i»tti(*4T Hill U* itc r4ift to the <f4ivemnifnt. I*iir- 
f'luiM- antt |4i>tn4'nt Hill U* 4*iiiiiph*t4il nitliin thirt\ <la\» frtmi the dati* of n'<i*ipt of 
anthfritx f«>r tin* Nih*, anil tin* pun-haM* nii'ii4*\ at «>nt-«* il4*|Mi**iti*4l t^i th«*4*n<«lit 4if the 
4-urr«iit appropriatii»n. lloi>f<9i thn*' fohl Hill titit U* f\t*han)r«*d 4ir n'tunnxil. 

II7#. Tlu* ii-t* iif pnhli4' liorMx* hy o!ri4-f'r>t n'«'«'i\inir inoiintt'4i |«iy will U* nini- 
lat4fl t>\ d4|uirtni4*nt t-iinnnamhTti in 4^infi»nnity nith th4* n4f^*^iti4i« nf the |mhlic 
MTxiif I'nU-fit^ p|«*4*ially fX4'<«ptf'4l hy th4* ('oiiiiiiaii«lin(; <M'n«*nil of th«' Artny, all 
ni«>iiiitf<| ••ih«vni Hill \n* n^iiuinil V* k4fp tli«* pri\at«' lior^i. ni^i't'iMtry for th**«*lfu'ieiit 
|«-rtiirtiiant-i' of tlH-ir diiti«i*. 

ll*iO. Whih* •••rxinir nith a liisht 'tr niotniti-*! Uitt4'r> a t-aptain or li<Mit«*nant 4if 
artilliTx Hill U* all4>H«-«l Ut iim* a I4itt4*rv hor-** 

1 1^1. Tht* </iiart«'ritiaf*trr'i* lH*|«irtiiH-nt hiII ppividi- and i<«»tH* InifM* ainl niiik* 
ph<4-*. iiail-. -iiiith'" tiMd". and tnaterial- n*«piin'«t i*>r tin- -■■rvi4'«M*xi'«'pt th«* ••tnittiV 
tiM.I-i-f fhi- h.ittfrv Hatf>*n^anfl f4»rv*v*'f liirht Kittt n*-" Thi* h*int«'« of a tnH»p4»f 
4-a\Mlr\ ••r lik'ht Uittt-ry Hill U* phiNl hy iti* farrii-r or hLii k-tnith. 

1 1^4. TIm' 4^iiartfrtiiiu*t«*r*t* m*|4inni4'nt hiII tr.iii«|»tn. f«>r «itli(<»'r> i-hantfinir iita- 
tii'ii. tht' iiiiiiilv r tif h«trMi* for nhiih tht\ an- U-^a\\\ i-ntith'vl to foratf**. an<l an 
attf'iidarit ti* ai i'Miti|ian> th«* hor>«*«. h hiMi it«tt— <ir\. ••iihj4<«-t to tlit* folloMinfr 
rtf-tri* tttin- 

1 That th«' tY|M'ii"«' {mid hy tlu* t nitt**! "^Litt-* ^haii u**t v\f%f*\ |t<H> f«ir fai'h 
tior>i«- tr.in«|-<rt4-«l. Th«*««*"tof •tn'h «>hipiiit fit hiII !•«• .f^i-naint**! in a«l\aJi4-i\ ai^l 
if fiiiiiid to f\ii'4il (liii f«*r t-ai'h lior^*, nn huhiik' tntn»|-*rtation of att«*n«lajit, if auv 

2Mt> -oif — 11 



1 iV> TRANSPORTATION. 

t!u* <'xrcHs iiiusl U» ]>n'])iii(l l»y \hv owiut, who iiiiiHt al^*^^ pay ail tlit* i'xih'ijhi'h i»f the 
attendant other than his transjxtrtation. 

2. Tliat the liorsi'.- an owiumI hv the otliccr and w«*n* nsr«l hv him in thr public 
MTvi*"** at the station Iroin whirh h** is onlen**! t«» niovf, an<l an* intemliNl to Ik* wi 
ummI by hiiM at liis new station. 

8. Th<* lioives of n*tin*d otlieen* »>r otruvrs onlenMl to their lionies to await retirv- 
nient. or otlii-ers onlenMl on nMTuitin^ wrviee or eolle^re detail, "f to <'ffe<'t a volun- 
tary tnuir-fiT, itr to attend sehools of instni<*tion as student ollieers, exn'pt \vlu*ii 
ordered to dntv a.- stn<i4'nt?« at the rnit«Ml States Infantrv and Cavalrv Sehool, Fort 
I^*aven worth, Kans., will not Ih' tnins|M>rte«l at pwhlie ex|K^nse. 

ritWM'oinATiox. 

11M:|. For wairon an<l paek trans|M»rtation nmh-s will irenerally )h* <>niploy(^l, and 
horses may he us^mI for saddle pnrj>os<'S hy wajron mju<tei>, messt-npTs, expressiiion, 
and empl<>ye<>!* or enlisttil men pursuing' kindreil occupations which nM|uirt> tlu'in to 
U' mounted. Kor dnift purju^es, except at depots or jmiMs in or near lanriM'ities 
where little transportation is nccdcil. hoi>cs will not 1h»hs«m1 unless sii^i'iaHy author- 
izes! hy the War department. 

1 1^1. The alliitment of draft and pack animals t«i ea<'h military <U>partment will 
Ih' maile hv the Ouarterma^ter-< ieiicnd under the direction of the S^'cn-iarv «if War. 

• * • 

IIN5. The trans|H)rtation of su])plies fmm ]*lace ^A purchasi* or from supply 
<le|Mits to military po-^ts, or fmm <ine ]Mi*it to another, will he pmvided umlcriHiutnift 
made h\ the (Quartermaster^ l>e[i:irtment, exct>pt when the m<-:Mis of transiNirtution 
authorized in para;;raph ll>l isaxailahle. 

1 1^0. In provi<Iin;j tran>iN>rtation for |H'r>on> and property, the >horte:>t pnu*> 
ticahle route will, as a rule. U* adoittt**!. althouirh a louL'^er on<- may In- usinI to st^'iire 
lower rati-i when time will permit. Wjn-n c<»!niH'ti!i«: routes furnish e<|ual facilitieff, 
advanta;re>. and nit»>. each will Ik- vriven a share nf empli>yment. 

11^7. The alliiwanee i»f ^prin;; waizori*-. exclusive uf the pn>crilH'<l aiuhulanoe 
fur the si«"k. is lixed at «»ne tnea^-h pi»-t. except when otherwi-^e authorized hy the 
War |)epartm<-iit. All four-w lH*«'hil pji>senv:er wa«,r«»ns i exeept amhulances^ havin|{ 
sprinirs under the InmIv >hali U* <'onsiilen-d spriu'j wairi»ns. 

I l*»H. >prini» wa^'ou*. will U- u>etl onlv hv direciinu of commandim; ottin'm and 

I ■ ■ 

for the piir|Mi*r for which they are suppli<-<l. \iz. fi>r th** tr.iusportatiori of ntlicersand 
enlistei] men tra\eliriL: ■•u «lutv when other mean> an- not availahle. 

• 

11^9. The 'Quartermaster's department will priixide the nei-e^^-ary amiiulane(>H 
for tran?»]»i>rtiiiL' thi- ^i«'k and wounded uimiu the r<-«|uisition nf the pr<»|M'r nii*thi-al 
<»Hicer. 

1190. Ml iiii-:iii« of piiltiic tran»poriation at a po<.t will he accounteil f'irliy the 
ijuarl«Tm:i-te!. and will he un<ler hi- chan,re except as provith'd in para-jraph H»IO. 
I*o*l iMu mauiler* will cau-e i-avalry troi»p»j an<l lieM hallsTii-- to In- pro\iil(H{ daily 
with till- pf..pii laijhtii- fi»r |Hilirinir -tahlcf and haulini: loraire. 

11111. r.iinuKiiidniu' iillicen. will 'jixi* timely notice ti» tlie pni|H'r oHicers of the 
<^uartiruia'-t«r'- Mepartirient of all contem]ilated mi«M'nient>» ■•;' tnuipx auil >uppli(*H, 
that pi-opi-rand -ulliiient tnui>|Kiiiatii>n may U* in reailiue-o. 

1 11IU. riie duty of lurni-hiii'j tran>pi»rtatii«n at any pn^t. -tali-iu. or i|«-pi>t will lie 
intriiMid f" "Ue iitlii-iT of the (^uarti-rmasier'- liepartment, on whom reiiui.-iliuiw 
w ill l-e mall- thiTeior. 



THK ARMY TRANSniRT SKRVICK. ITifl 

TIIK \KMY TK%N**Ii»UT oKKVUK. 

1193. Thf I2iiurtfniiii>t4'r*h l>«*}iHrtiiirnt >*{ tlic Army in <'Iihivii1 uith th«* tr.uiK- 
|N»rtati<tii ••! tnMt|i<.anit Mi|iplii*^ lN'tw«'<'ii tlit* I'liittil Statri^aiitl Mirh nvfr-*4*:ipirn!«i»iiM 
uixl military r«immaiiiU :m hhall U* uiithnn/i'il Th«>M> MtlictTf* uii«l 4•lll|»^»y4H•^ who 
an* •li'tailnl ti»«"jirr\ i»uf ihc\%i»rk <-<>ii.»tiliiti>thf Army TnimiiM»rt S<Tvi«i*. All ihiii*- 
t^iry cxiN-ii'H-^ iii«i«li'tit !•» that MTvi«v Mill U* {»;ii«l fp>iii th«' ap|tni}>riati«iii>* iita<h' for 
I hi- Mi|i|Mirt lit thi* AriiiN. Tho Aniiy Trun-i"»rt STviii* i- irt»v«Tii«il hy r<|H*i-ial n-jfu- 
latiiiri'* |*rMmiili::it«*<l hy tin* SiTi'tary •»( War. 

Il#l. Till* i>n;aiii/ati(»ii uii<i (*oii<ltii't of tlu* Aniiy Tniii!*}N>rt STviiv will he 
a.'^itiiilai4*«| iu» tirarly iL» pnirtirahli* to tht* mo>t impro\(*«l tii«*thiMlH of aihiiiiiiMnition 
of a ( hartt'nNl .»ti'aiii?*hip hti.-ttifHf, Hiihj«*t't to »iit-h iiKMliticatioiiH im nliall lii*tt<*r 
ailapt it ti> );ov«'rniii«*iital |»iir]NiHi>r4 an<l th«* i^'iii-nil nHiinn'iiiriitM t»f military 
a'lmiiii-trati<»ii. 

1 195. Thf Army Tniii^|Hirt S-rviti* will liavr full chann* of and n-riiMtiiMihility for 
th«* U'rthiiiiraii'1 fulvoi^tiiitrttf all auth(»ri74*<l {ht^iii^oh UtanI, ami will Mipply rvvry- 
thiiiL' tii*«-«'«Kir> fi»r that ptir|H»M\ Th«* Kal<Miti, lahin. aii«l MthtT ^iippliif* aJi«l «*<|iiip- 
iiiciit fi*r till* H«*\rnil i-hir'H'** itf |HT><t»iiri truii»*}Mirt«'«l will }•«• of tin* lii*ft tpmlity aiid 
Muh lif an* pniNi«l*^l in |i;L»*^*iiin*r Httiiitirrx ^f -lamlan! v\hm*. 

1 196. SiilijtN-t tM thf -ninTvi-iiin *»( t\w <^naniTmji>t4T-<M'ii«Tal, tin* Anny TniiiJ«- 
|Mirt S r\i<'«' uill U* «-i»;i<lii('ti*4l hy iXn own otliii'n* and i*niplMyi*«*^, ««»i|4'«*ially Htdcv'tt**! 
of ap|-<inti*«t. aiiil nndt r iti' nw n nvtihttion;'. arid U* madt*. At* far ai* pnu'ticuhl**, Indi^ 
{•••ndiiit I't thf a'imini-tration of I'thfr hnmrho *4 army tRtiir<|N>rtMtioii. hut fiifh 
matti-r*- a.- n-l.it** t«i th«' -ulij^iptiMicv'and nifilii-al df*|iartm«*nt« will U* nnd<*rthi* Hii|K*r- 
\ir-i'>n "f till- i-hi«-f» «if th«>^' hnrt-aiif*. 

1 197. Ti» «-aih tntn«{Htrt .-hall U* aT-piirn***!. w ht-n nijuinil hy thr iiatiin* of the 
••T\i«i-, a tr.iii-|»..rt «|iiarffrma-ti*r. wh«» !*hall U* an oiIiot i»f thi* <^iuirt4'nna«(t«'r'ii 
l*f|i.trtii ctit. •M-li'i ttt| iir apiM'int***! with »|MN-ial rffcri'n<'«' !<• th«* nftnlf. «if thi* trann- 
l«*rt -* T\ jo- i'ti'l inxliT thf diriftion of thi* i^*ni'Ril ^niNTintfrnlfiit. t^i art a;* titiartcT- 
ti..toti-r. -ni«n aru"*. :tn<l ili^hur-ini; ntfiiiT of tli** ^hip. 

119^. Th*' tMii»|a>rt «piart«*rmji^t«'r will U* thf rfpn>«*titativi* on Uiaril nhip of 
til*' i:* tit ral «ii|Mriiit«'n>lfnt. an^l all ••nh*r* fi^r tin* -hip will U* i;i\fn to anil through 
hiTii 111* uill liu\f thf ip-ntTuI diri*i*tion **i thf m'»M>m<*nt5* of thf r*hipantl In* in 
u*' fit'T.il • har.'i' of it- tMi«ini*««t and n'^'fion^ihlf it*r thf pn>|Mr «'3in* and dif<|H«Mition nf 
th* p.i-'M ii::ir» an>l fr*'i;;ht- until dflivi'nil at df«tinati«in. l<-a\iii(;. Ii'>wfv«*r. the 
nia<*i> r aiid • hi* f t'M^'iiif r of tlif rthip \** •• Xftri^f full uipI un<pif«tiiinfd ('••ntnil aii<l 
anTl.' r\*.\ • Mr all mattfr" within thfir tt-ihriiial piir\ii-u. ariil f*>r whifh tlify an* 
pr>ti •«>i"tt.ill\ rf<-|«>n»ihlf. a« tin* immf«liatf lifa»l-> «if thf df«-k arnl fiitrinf ih*|i|irt- 
ti.i iiT-. \ii\ ••nil n* t>i In* iri\fn liv thf tnin*|iiirt •|Martt-riii;u>tf r tnurhini; thf tUt'k **r 
f njiiif di>)i.inni«*nti» w ill In* nia*!** toor thr«*Mjh th*- nta**tf r 

1 199. I'l"'?! thf arrival ••{ an army tran-j«>rt at a I'lffiLrn |»*rt th«* tran«>|Hirt ipuir- 
t«rriia^t« r \iill i-all iii |MTN.iin at thf I'niti-*! **tati-- liv<itioti 'T • ..n-ulat«* and n*|Mirt the 
arrual ^f hi* -hip in i*»rt 

ItfOO. ri.* rivi**tfr ••( |mr>«H>nk'fr>* «*ii thi* an>i> frano'^-rf- «hall *>hi>w. in lU'^- of 
*'\ir\ iiaint tht-ri-'in. tin a«ldr%**«4 ' ^i\in^ «tr«-« t and nnmUr --f th«* ndativf wh*>in it 
i»d«v-iri«i -hall U- iiif'.rm*-*! in th«'f\fnt 'if tlfafh. 

li. «ai 1j ■ .I-*- "f di-ath »■•• iirrin(;«»n tin* tr;in-i-»n aiifn;; thf n*u'i''tfn*«l |in»»«i-nif»'pi ■ 
I •■ . '•\\\» t r- atid ftili-t«->l nifii n^t In- I<<nk'iiiij t<< di-tiii< t • ••n.niatid** ••n iManl, a** Wflj 
a- •:\;li.ii;- a*id ••iiip|i.\«-«'* tin* lPan-|-irt -j«i.irttr?iia-t« »* will ■•■« uff thf ••ffiMii* aiiil 
pr»-| art- a !• iti r !•• thf ntari-«l n*lati\f •••ttii..* f..rtlj tfif nanif. rank, fomjcinx . rtvi- 
ni* i.T ttt.pli.x m«i,t '>t • •>ii<liti<in ••( thf •|f«-«-a-*- I. pla< •-. • .iii-«-. t\:i\ and h'*iir **i itt-nth, 
di-|--ifi'>ii n»adf iif r* tiiaiti- an*! i-ff*-* t- aiid I>t ••( t)i«- lafti-r. ar.*! inad thf • ••iiininiii* 
mtixn at thi* furlu^t ••p|»'irtiinit\ t.* it- ad*lr«-f mi« h n^tili* ati<*n ••( •hath in the 



1 62 TRANSl»ORTATION. 

the oxn*.** iiiUHt Ik* pn*{>aid by tho owner, who imiHt alno pay all the exiH»iiH«*j* of the 
attendant othtT than hin transf^trtation. 

2. Tliat the horsen art owm»<l bv the oflieer and wrre used bv hini in the public 

w • I 

serviiv at the Htation from whieh he is orrlertMl to move, and an» intendtnl tn U* ho 
uh4m1 bv him at his new station. 

3. The hone's of rt'tinMl oHieen* or olfieers nrden»<l ti» tlieir homes to await n»tire- 
nient, or otlieers onlen**! on nvniitinjf ««erviee or eolk*jrt* detail, nr tn effeet a volun- 
tary tnuisfer, or to att<Mid s<*!iools of instnietion as student o<li(vrs, except when 
onlered to dutv as student** at the Unit<*<l Stat*»s Infantrv and Cavalrv S<*h<M»l, Fort 

• mm' 

Leavenworth, Kans., will n(»t U» trans|M>rted at publie exjXMise. 

TIl.\N.si»OKTATION. 

f inurnt Prorixioin*. 

11§SI. For wa^on and i^ack trans]M>rtation nniles will generally l)e em])loy(sl, and 
horst^s may 1h.» use<l for sa<idle puri><>s4»s by wajrnn miU'*ters, mes8t»n^ers, expn.'ssmen, 
an<i employees or enlisteil men pursuing kindre<l (M'cupations whieh n'<{uin' them to 
Ih* mounttHl. F<>r draft puriM>>es. ex«vpt at ile|M>ts or jMists in or near laore eitics 
where little trans]M)rtat ion is ntt^UMl, horst's will nnt 1k»us«m1 nnl<^ s{H*4'ially author- 
iziNl by tln' War l)ei»artment. 

] IM'I. The allotment of dnift an<1 jiaek animals to eaeh military department will 
Ik» ma<ie by the Quarterma>ter-< Jeneral mider the din^'tion of the Se<*n'tary of War. 

I1M5. The tnuis]>ortation of supplies from phuv of purchaM' <»r from supply 
de|>ots to military jKists, or fn>m one jw^st to another, will Ih' providt^l undrr ('ontra<'t 
made by the (inartern»UJt«'r's Deimrtment, exerjit when the nutans of tnins{N»rtation 
authoriztMl in {i:ini^raph 11S4 is available. 

11M6. In providing transiN^rtation for i»ersons and pro|H'rty, the shi»rtest i»nuT» 
tieable n>ute will, a*« a rulv, Ik» a<lopt«'<l, althouirh a lon^r«'r one may Ih* iis<»<l to Hvure 
lower rates when time will iM*rmit. When ('om{M'tin^ nuitt^s furnish t^pial faeilitieci, 
advanta^*s, ami rat«»s. <*arh will 1k» driven a shan'of employment. 

11M7. The allowance of sprinjr wajjons, exclusive of the pn^stTilH^l atubulun(*e 
for the sick, is ti\vi\ at one to each |H»st, extvpt when otherwis4' authorized by the 
War lH*{Kirtment. All four-whetd«»«i jiasM'np'r wagons (ex<'ept ambulances) having 
Hprinp* under the Unly shall 1h» considen*<l spring wagons. 

llNta. Spring wagons will In* usinI only by <lire<'tion of conunandini; otlit^en* and 
for the pur|>os4» for which they an* suppli(*<l, viz. fur the trans)>ortation of titiicersand 
enlistnl nu'U traveling on duty when other m«*ans an* not available. 

11M9. The t^uartermaster's lV|iartment will provi<le the ne<t»ss;iry andudarnvH 
for trans]M)rtin^ the sick and wounde<l \\\t*m the n*(}uisition of the pro{H*r nK*<lical 
<»Hicer. 

1190. All means nf public trans|>i>rtation at a }H>st will In* account(*«l for by the 
<]uartermaster, and will In* un<lt*r his char^* except as provide<l in paniirniph KUO. 
Post cotiimander> will iiuim* c:ivalry tnM>ps and Held batteries to U' provide.**! daily 
with the prii|K'r facilities for {Niliciuir stabl(*s and haulint; foraire. 

1191. Commanding <»tlic<*rs will i;ive timely notict* to the pro{N*r otttcers of the 
(juarterma^ter's Deinirtment of all ci»ntemplate<l movements of tri>o]>s and sui»pliiv, 
that pn»{N'rand suirici(*nt trans|N>rtation may In* in readiness*. 

1 194. Th«* duty of funiishiu}; tRin^}M>rtation at any |Mist. Mation. <ir de|Nit will l)e 
intruste<l U' nue ot!\c<*r i>f the ijuartermast(*r's I>eiuirtm(>nt, on whom reipiisitions 
will In* maile thert*for. 



THK ARMY TRANSI"4)RT SKRVICK. U\ti 

TIIK \KMY TKANJ*I'«»RT sKIlVKK. 

Il9'i. TIh* i^iiaiii>riiui>t«TV Ih^jitirtiiicnt nf th«* Army in rlmiviil uith t)i«' tnint*- 
|Mir1atit*ii (•! tnN»|i>uiul sii|i|ilicr< UMwifii thr rtiit4*«l Statt'?*an<l Httch <>\«T-M>upirriM»tiH 
tttiil military «-i»tiiiiiaii<l»* a^^ hhall U* aiitlmri/.til TlntM* titlifiT^ uml f'lnplnviM'r* \^lio 
an* 4l**tail«il !«• mrrv «iut ilu* >^<irk t'iiiiMituti'thi> Armv TniiihiHirt S*rvii*«'. All ihiti*- 
Kiry «'X|M>ii*>4><- inriilctit u> that ^n'rvict* Mill )h> |i;ii<l tri>m thi* appnipriatinii** madi* fur 
lh«* Hi|>|Mirt «ii tlir Army. TUv Aniiy Trunj-iM'rt S-rvii-i* i.- irt»v«'rmil l»y f<|if<-iul nvu- 
latittii- (•rMiiiiili;at«'«l l»y th«* S-^Ti'tary **i War. 

Il#l. Tli«* nruanixatitiii ami (tiiiiliirt of tlu* Aniiy TniiifiMirt S4T\-i<v will lio 
lift* imilatinl :i>. nearly ii> |ini4-ti(*:il»l«' tn tin* iikiM iinpr«»M**l mrtluMls nf ailminlHt ration 
t*f u t-liartfn*<l >»ti*amMii|i l>tiHm-}«f«. Kiihjt'ct to Hifli iiuHliti<-atioiiM im nhall U'ttvr 
Aflapt it u* pivcniim-ntal |»nr|M»s4t< aii<l tin* u«>iht.iI n*i|uin*iiH*ntH t»f military 
a'liiiiiii-tnttion. 

I l#A. Th«* Army Tr:iiiM|Mirt S«Tvi(v will liav«* full I'liann* «»f ami n'»i|»<»iif*ihility for 
till* UTtliin^Miiifl HiliF-i*itiii(r<»f all aiithorix«*i1 }K'rs4iii^itn Uianl. and will Hipply every- 
tliiriir mit*«Kiry ft»r that piir]H>M*. The HaliMiii. rahin. an«l ••th«*r Hipplii*»< iuhI <N|iii|>- 
iiifiit fur thi* H'\«*nil 4-hu»4*f iif |M'r»«oiii« traii^iMtrti**! will In* of th«* U■^t ipuility and 
Mi« li a- an* pni\iil»^l in |i;u*M*iii:i*r f*t(*aiiif'ry of -tandani chir^. 

1 19#. Siil»j«'«-i \** thi* -ii|n*r\i«ion ni th«* <2'ii*rl*'""J*'*'«'r-<««*nfnil, th«* Anny Tranj»- 
|Mirt S* r\ii*f* will U* iiiii«liii't«i| l»y itn own othrcr- and 4*mpl<>y<*«*^. 4i<|Ni'ially Hi*U*<'t<*(l 
or apiMiintftl. and iitifh r itn nwn nvtilationi. an'd U* madi*. m* far at* pnu'timhh*, imU^ 
|N'nd«'iit of till* ad niiniM ration of otlirr l»nln«*h«■^ of army trunf«|iiir1ation, Init Hiirh 
matter- ah ri*lat«* ti> tin* -nl>!*iMen«'«*an<l m«ilii-al d«'|iartm<'ntf< will U* nn«U*r the HU|K*r- 
\i><i>>n of till* i'hief* <if thiiM* htin*aiii*. 

1197. Tit eai-h tranr*{«irt r>hall )n> }i.«i-iLnie<l. when nipiin**! hy the imtiire of (he 
wrxil*'. a tr.in-|nirl t|imrt«-rma>»ter. wlm hhall In* an •»lli«'<*r of t!ie <jiurtennaf«t<*r'M 
|)i*|mrtii riit. -M-lti ti"*! Mr apiM'inteil with "|ii*«'ial n-fen-nre to the mf«lf* of the trani*- 
|H.rt *^ r\i«-i' ;Mid under the ilint'tion of tin* irenemt «u|K'rint«*ndfnt. to art at< t|iuirtf*r- 
ni:i.-tiT. -uiw-n arj'». and i!i-hur-inj» Mflio'r **i fh«* fhip. 

119^. T!»«- t-an-iiiirt i{uarti*rmaf*ti'r will U* the n'pn'?M>ntativ4* on Uianl »*liip of 
the ^'« ii«ral ouiit-ruiteu'lent. and all I'nlep* f«ir tiie xhip wilt U* irixen to and tlin»uirh 
htm III' uill ha\i> the ip*ni*nil dir«ftion nf th** ntoM'mentf* <if the r*hip and In* in 
!»• I't-r.il « harv'** ^f it« liu-int-Mi and n*-'|MinNil>]«* fi«r the pn>|NT ran* anif ili«*|iof(ttion (»f 
ih« liii—t iik'*T- and fr»'i;'ht- until f|elivt*n*«l at <l«Mitiati<in. Ifaxin;:, Imwever, tin* 
nia«tir and • im-f i-n.'int* r i^f tlif i*hip tn exfn c^- full atnl un'|Ui*^tiiin4*«l omtro! and 
autln rir\ •>\fr all mattt-n* within their ti'ihnital purvii-w . and fi>r whieh they an* 
pr*«fi *>ii. ii.illx rf«|M*n-ih|i*. a* the imm«'«liat«> hfad« "f tlit* •h^-k an«i enirin«* de|«irt- 
m« liT-. \fi\ ••nifpi t<» In* in\eii hy Ihi' tnin»)Kirt •|n.irt«rma*ter toucliinc the •hn'k **r 
«*nL'ini- di-|<trtmt'fitf* w dl U- maile tni^r thr>iM*.di tht- ni;L.'>ti*r 

1199. I'l-iii thi'arn\al i^f an army tran-i*«rt at a (••n-iirn |«<rt th«' tninM|Hirt i|tuir- 
tirniar>t* r will eall in |M*r>i>ii at the rnite*! >tat«-<» li-j^ktioii 'ir • •lU.iihite a!i«l n-fxirt the 
arrixal "f hi?* -hip in |"irt 

ItfOO. Tin- nx'i^ter **i jia."-«nir«*n* ••n tie- arfu\ tran-*t»irt- •hall *h«i%i. in niM* of 
e\t-r\ iiatiM- thi-ri-vtii, thfaildn-Mi «i;i\ink; ••(ri-«-t aii*l iiundH'r <<f tht- n*!ati\i- \%hi»m it 
i-«h»iri-t -hall U* informt-tl in tin* e\ent t»f ilcath. 

Ill i-ai h i .i-«' of .hath t-i urrini;«>n thi* tran-i-Tt ariionk'th** n*v'i-t«'n*i| pn»«-*'fiir»*p» - 
i •- . •til* t-r- aU'l fiili«t<-<I nii*n n<>t U-l^'iit^itiu' (•• •li»tiii< ( • "niiitaiidM on Ixunl. ii^ w«*IJ 
a« iiMiiaii- .t'.'l t hiplo\i^-t. thi> tr:tn»|"<rt •{':.irT»Tii.a-ti-r hiII •.« i iirt- thf i-fff* t« and 
pn par*- a !• tti r !.• tht- n* ari-t ndativf -t-ttiii;^* f-.rth 'hf nam*-, rarik. i-<<ni|i;in\ . t*'^' 
III* iif t'riipi.>\ iiitiif iir «-tiiiditi«in "f till* 'I*-* *'a-*- I plai * • .tu««-. d.i\ and h«>ur of dt-nth, 
di-|">-iti>>i< mad*- of ri'iiiaiii« and iff*^-t» and li-r «'f the latti-r. at.d iiiail th*- i ••tiiinuni* 
iStioii at the «-arlii«*t op|«.rtunit) to it* a'tilrco^L- >u< h notitiiatiou of ihath in tht* 



164 TRANSPORTATION OF PERSONS. 

caflt' «>f an oftirer, oiiHsUmI man, <»r civilian oniploytn^ nf the Army nhall in<-lii(U» also 
tho information that, if it 1m» th'siriMl, tht* nMuainn will In* shipp*-*! honu" at (Jovem- 
nu'nt fxiHMifH', njMin application tluTt'for hy the nt»an'>*t relative a<ldrej*He<l to the 
Quarterma^ite^-< Jeneral, TnitiMl Stat«»H Army, Wawhinvrton, IX C: but if not applied 
for within six wcekn after arrival at |M>rt in the TnittHl Static, the remains will \ye 
buricMl in a national »*enietery an<l thert»after will not iKMliwinternHl and nhipixMl home 
at public ex|KMiye: also that in()uirieH con«vrninj; the pay ami efftrt*< of di*eeat<ed 
of!i(Tr» and noldien* should U* addresso«l to the Adjutant-General, Unitinl States 
Army, \Vashinj?ton, D. ('. 

TIIANSI-OIITATION OK PERSONS. 

1301. When trcMjjjs art* movi*d, suitable trans{)ortatiou will \h- j)rovi<lwl; prc>{)er 
onlert* and an exact return of the connnand will l>e funiif<he<l to th(^ (]uartermaMter 
who is to pnjvide the same. 

IdOd. On trans)N>rts, cabin |>asHa^^ will 1h' furnishe<l otK<?ers and n^aMtnable and 
pro|H.»r a<'conun«Hlations for troojw*. When j)nu'ticable a se]>arate a})artmcnt will 1» 
providtnl for the sick. 

Id03. \ jH'rson riHpiirin^ transi>ortation will exhibit an onler fn>m comi)et«nt 
authority, an<l the <|uarterniaster who furnish«'s it will make and tile a (vrtitU»<l copy 
of the ssime. The tpiartermaster will indorsi* ontheori^nal order, over his signa- 
turi% the fact that tRinsiM>rtation hiis U'en pn^'idiMl, its kind, the plai'OH from and to 
which it has lH.H*n furnishe<l, and tlu* numU'r of jNumdsof extra ba^yi^age trans|iorted, 
if any. The original onler will 1h» retained by the |K»rson who receiver the trans- 
portation, and in casi'of a soldier entitUnl to commutation of rations while traveling, 
will be disiH>s<Nl of as directe<l in ])ara^ntph 1418. When a <|uartenna^ter fumiAhes 
transiKjrtation. under the provisions of paragraph ILM, to a. ^^oldier on furlough, he will 
report the actual or pn>l>able cost thereof to the comfuiny commander and will enter 
on the furhiu^h a statement that the transiNirtation has Invn furnisht**!. The officer 
paying the account will notify the (^Hnjtany commander of the actual amount paid 
and the date of imyment. 

ItiO'l. When tr:ins}M>rtation is furnish(>4l for the entire journey, the nmte, if not 
designattMl in the order, will Ik* dfterminetl by the t^uartiTmaster's l)e{tartment in 
aeconlan<*e with existing niles. 

Id05. A quartermaster whopnn'ides the trans|M)rtati(m for tnH>|>s will notify, by 
mail or tehrgraph, the (|uarterm&«<ters at pla<*es where chang(>s (»f route are to Im> made, 
or means of trans{M»rtatinn are to U* changiMl, of the day on which the tn>o|iH will 
Start, th«-ir route, d(*stinatii»n, the numU'r <»f officers, enli.<te<i men and animals, and 
the quantity of public pn>|M'rty and l>agtfagi> fur which trans|M)rtation will ))i*r(>quired. 

Id06. The quartennaster who provi<les the transiMtrtation, or a <luly authorized 
reprew»ntative, will U» pn-sent at the embarkation of the tnMips, an<l will siv that the 
acconnuiMlations omtRU'tetl for have Ixt-n provide<l. .\ similar nmrse will lie pur- 
t»u<»<l where pr.icticsilUe at pliMvs wheriM'hanges of route or inqMirtant connectitinsare 
to Ik.* ma<le. If <h'lay is nt^-essiiry in either ens**, in <>nler to complete the arrange- 
ments for transiM»rtation, the onnmanding oflicvr of the trinqts will l>e duly notified. 

Itl07. The <^uarterma'<terV IH*{iartment. wlu-n atlle<l u{N)n to do so by nxTuiting 
officers, will furnish tnins{Mirtation fmm phuv t(» phuv, for the punx»^' <»f examining 
nrniits. to civilian physicians not under contract but employt^l under verltal agree- 
ment for the examination of nnTuit.s pursiuuit tn paragraph ^)4() of the K<*gulation8. 
The co^t nf Hich trans(Mirtatii»n will U*a charge against the a]>propriatton for **Tnuia* 
portation «»f the Army anil its :(upplie0." 



TRANSl»<>RTATlON RKt^rKSTS. 165 

l)iOM. A niim'Ht fi»r tnii)}«}H»rtHti<»ii ir-Hii«il liy :i ijuart«'niiii»<U'r nhiMilil H<*t forth 
<laU* aiitl |ilu4'<*nf \!9i\iv', tiiiu* fnr which it uill U* \aliil: naincnf «'iiin|t;iny n'tiiiintl to 
furiiiMh tran^|M»^tatilt^; naiiirof th«* |h*i>iiii. urnf ih<* nitc in i-hanri'Mf thi* |>any !«» he 
tratiH|H)rtfil. \^ith ntitnUT thcn*t)f: |niiiiii1> nf i-\tr:i Iijiltiil'*'. if aii\ : nnraiii/ation to 
which tilt* iK'ixtn U'loiitr^. if an «itii<*<'r (ir mliMi**! man: th«' {ihui'^* <>f «triirii>:il «Ii*|iar- 
tun* and iiltiinati* <h*Htinatii»n, willi the initial Ivttrrs nf vmU p*a<I or Iin«* U* U* umhI 
<iii thi> joiinit^y. 

l!i09. Th«* otTiivr fnrni!*hiii); th«* ni{n«-*>t uill inilMpH' tlicnNin th«* authority for 
itii iMHih*, the niinilN*r. <hit<*. an«l i»la«*«' of ih^n* of tlic«>nl(Tfi>rtraiio]N»rtation. ami the 
luttin* **i the joiinieyor purfMiHe for which it i- t"U- iHTfonm-^l, ifif«»ll«»\i>: "Chanfr- 
ingi!itati<»n:*' ** iNiM^rterH** i^ivin^ name, rank, ciuniuiny. an«i nvinicnt r, ''Kctiim- 
ing fn»in furloii)sli, pni|K*r otlhtT notitiiil;" *M»n dctadiiil •M'r\i<v" Mlic natiin*of 
tht* M*rvi(*t* ti» In* Htat«*il ); '* IHHi*han;t*f| •<o|ihrr- en mute ht»nie (or en n>iite to |iay- 
nuu*tfrK iiKlorneil on tinal Htateinent;" " In^.lne niMier witli eM*ort to insane 
asylum;*' "<iiianl ami priMonerH:" " Kn route tour n'turnin;rfn>ni civil murt nmler 
orden* withi»iit Huninioii**:'* "Clerk tor atnMit' ^f the <^uarternuL-terV lN*|i:irtiueiit;*' 
and canm* for travel, etc.; ami if the ni|u«*!-t i?* i-^-ne«l }i\ \irtui* of any contnu't tliat 
fact will In> Mtatt-tl ami the <Hintnu*t <l«i'iirnat4'<l. 

l)llO* The fi|iac«* t»n the nipuft reMTVi**! for " Kc'niark;**' ir> iritet)<U<«l for any 
(•xtnii»rilinary noti<v, ai*. for example, when ^iMi-ial nit«> -hall u'<'^«'nt. **r when lim* 
itetl or nnliiniti*il ticketK nhall i<^ue in <*:im*« uhen- t\%<i or nwin* «*lff>'M*** nf tirketn an* 
on Hale, ilifferin^; in i*o»>t or in time during whtt ii thry can U- m«4-«1. When* throu^rh 
rate!«exiHt. notation HhtMiltl In* ma<leu|N»n 4*a< h **i a «4Tie« ^f H'imirate nH]n<***t>. in>oU'« 
in^r <*ontinuoUf« travol over two tir more nunU. !•• the effe«-t tliat M'ttlement will Iw 
n aile *»u the Ui^ifi i»f the ilivihion. am«»m; the r«iail» interi-*>te«l. ••f the thniuifh lim* 
ite«l rate for the eiitin* jouniey. All i»tli4*er* • harje«| uitli the iluty of pMvi<linic 
tran<*]i*»rtation will inform themM*l\e« ti|Miii tht-M- |««int<-. ami \«ill avail thenif^'lviw 
tit all iipiwrtunitici* of M*«'unnir acc4*ptahli* tran«|H>rtation at tht- |owe>t pn*vailinfr 
pht-i-«i. The a4'commo<lation^ affori|i<<| hy ti*nri»t »lii-piiti; i-ar-. «iiioiii»t or enticrant 
Hle«'iN>r> a M'ttt hv «la\ and a lierth hv nik'ht f-ir each ^•ililiiT-. uill In* furni>-h«*il 
wheiie\er pnw'ticiihU*. proviileil t lie com! of «iii h a<i-oniiiMMlatioi!«. in a<l'lition to the 
tni\el far** im|M«^il. «l«w» not ex**!*!**! the «-t*<-t of tfir-uk'l" liniitiii tir*«t-<la^- ti<'k«*ta 
Iki'tuif'n the |>i>intr* involv«<«l, Ai* a nile. -m h .n-i ••uiniti'iati'in- <-h>iul«l In* pr«M-iin*il at 
the o»»t of "^tiindn^liiM* fan* with the prii** of .«-.it ..r t^ nli. >>r Uith. ailil(-«l; ami in 
forwanlint! iletachmeiitf- e\ en lower nite* luav !••• -^-iini.l iM-iliun'iiik' «piHrt4'rmji«- 
ter« will ri'iMirt to the i jiuirtennafter-( miht.iI all 'ii-« - -.f nfjle» t or ern^r on the |»art 
of otliii-n* i<«*<ninif tnim*iMirtation r^tpH^-t- whi« h n -ult in a Wiu^te of pnMi«- money. 

l!ill. Ketiue-tr* •houM U*pro|Mrl\ lei-eipTfl )i\ tin |<art\ nanii-«l tlifrein. an«l 
til ki-tM ppM'iireil Iw'fore iiimnieni-ini; tin- joiirii«\. a- « ><i.<tui tor- ar«- tiot aiithori/«^l 
toaii-ept tran«|M«natii»n n-^pifj^ti*. If mor« tli.in ••!»•■ i^r^'-ii i- t" !*■ tran-jN'rli-'l. tlu* 
otli« er >>r |«-r^*n in I harvre I'f the |4irt\ , in tilling' tin iii«i|t. wul -tai* the nuniU'r 
• >f the |«'p«iin* and |Niurid" lif « \tra UikVat'** • •irri> •!. .md th* i !a<— .iifl 'li-) ripti><n of 
t mil"! "'rt.it loll funii"h<*il In no •*»."•* uillafii |r (••■ ;ri\tii i'*r tr.iii-|*>rtafi"n <if 
more |«-rv«»n« nr e\tr;i ItaiAMk!** than ih** riH|Hi—! ..i..- j..r 

Ilil4* Thf hiank n-eeipt at the iMittofn i>t *lit rt 1,111 -r Mill >• lilU^I in ink. and if 
the |N-r^<n receiptini; e-aii not \%rite hi* narm' In >Mli in.ikt hi- n-ark uhxh Mill !■• 
witni-«o.«'»l. \aiiM-- ami pKice* wiltU- \i nlti ;. -:. I'lll It tht tr;iri-|-.r!.i!i-.n 1- fur- 
ni'-he*! h\ otiii-r than |«fc**-«-tiki*r train or iii ••fht r ih.Ui |*.i— • nji r i.ir- tht- ta« t miU \n* 

Mtate«l in the receipt. 

Ilil9« < Mli« i-p* w ill taki' ail\aritai*e xf :ii.'. ix -*:ii-.* thr> njli r.tft-*. 1 itht r f<>r thi* 
whtdi'or I Wirt of thf journey. U hi-n trai.-|->rtatf'ii 1- rt-|iiin-l '-xi r -« M-r^l r<4idji 



166 TRANSPORTATION REQUESTS. 

by which arranp^einentH have liet'ii nia<.le for through tninH|M>rtati<>n upon Pingle 
ticketii, a single rtH]iKvt, a<l(lrt»HstMl to the initial roa»l, will 1k' issiivtl (exi*ei)ta8 pro- 
vidtni in )tara^raph 121(>), \i\Hm which tickets nhould Ih» pnM-iirc<l ]»y the officer iaeu- 
ing it or by the imrty to bo transi)ort^l. 

1314. If tninH|Njrtation \e require<l over a line of roa<lH, one or mon* of which are 
land ^rant and nnhject to dtnluction of rateH, and a sinjjle nHnu^t in insueil therefor, 
the name of the roa<l, the fact that it in land frrant and subject to de<liiction, alM> tlie 
jwr (*entnni of <le<iuction, will W Htatt*<l in the rtH|uest, an<l in nettlenient for the 
service the dt*dnction on a<'count of land ^rant will Ih' made. 

Id 15. If arranjrementH have lH.H'n mad(* for trans) Hirtat ion for a {Kirt of the dintanc^ 
at less than the regular through rate, the rate for that i»art will )m* state<l in the 
re^puvt. 

1SI16. When trans])ortatir)n is n^iiuinnl over a land-grant road, a sefiarate request 
may !h* issue<l thert»for if the road desires it, providnl the nulroad com]Niny agrees 
that such action will not commit the rnitinl States to the payment 4if liM-al ratets for 
through trans{H>rtation. S«»|>arate re<|m»sts must Ik.* issuinl in all <'as4*s whert* trans- 
portation is re<|uiriHl over a lH>nd-aide<l roa<l. 

ISIIT. iHiplicate rt^piests f4.>r transi)ortation will n<»t Ik* issue<l, nor will a nniuest 
bi» issutMl after the transiM>rtation service has Ixhmi iM*rforme<l. 

ISllllt. Xo jHjrtion of a rtH|Uest al)ove the signature <>f the issuing officer will be 
changinl in any {uirticular. If explanations are rtHpiirt-d, they will l>e ma<ie on the 
back of the rtMiueM. 

Iill9. All unuse<l tickets or jmrts of tickets pnKMire<l on a tnin>portation n*<juecit 
will Ih* n'turne<l to the oHic<*r wh<> iR*»ue<l them, ami bv him forwanleil to the olfi<vr 
who |)ays the accomit for the si-rvice. The value of such tit-ket or parts of tickets 
will Ik* dtnluct^Ml from any money due or to lK'<'ome due the com{iany for transiN>rta- 
ti<m over whos<» line thev were <»btainnl. On the collection of the value of HUch 
iinusi*d tickets thev will Ik* returm*<l to the com pan v bv which thev wrn* issue<i. 

lSl!^0. When tninsiH.)rtation to any given iM>int and return isn'<|uin*d, tlien*4]U€^ 
for return transiM»rtation should U* obtain(*d at the destination, pri>vid(*4l it can l>e 
then* pnK*un*«l, except in ciisi*s when* round-trip tirki-ts can In* obtaintNJ at re<luei*d 
rati»s and made available for tin* jourm*y: nthrrwisr tin* (juartrrmastrr will issue two 
Ht?ts of nHpu»sts, one to the pla<*«' <»f <lestination. tin* »>ther fur return tr.ins]N>rtalion. 

ISlSll. All fa<*ts ne<'essiiry t<i4'nabl<* the iwiyimr «it!i<-cr to«hM'idr as tn the n*guhirity 
or pniprit'ty nf the pnHi**** lings will Ik* state<l upon thr n'«pH*?-t. Should it ap|K*ar t4> 
the |>ay ing (»fli<t*r that tnins{H)rtation Uo:* }NH*n improperly lurnislntl by the issuing 
ollic'cr, lu* will mak«* payment to the «*arrier fnr th«* M-rvicr actually n'nd»*n*<l, :uul 
will send to the 1 juartermaster-< i en(*nil a statement <»i all the facts, with a certitie<i 
mpy of tin* nipjcst. 

ISlSlSl. Oliicers drawing mileage an* authori/cil to rarry with thrni, at public 
oxjK'ns**. such ({uantity c»f ba^jjage as they may n*<|uin'. not i-xretMlin;: I'lO {Miundn. 
This will include the {Nirtion carri«*il In*** by the tnin>|M»rtation linr>. 

IdSlSi. <)f!it-er> tniV4*]ing under onlcrs with trans|Hirtation turnished them in kiii«l 
by th«* ijuartermiL*<ter's lU*pariment. and who desire to n'tain in their |Hi«*M*ssion a 
(pmntity of bagira^:»' irr»*ater than that p:isM*«l inM* fi»r pa>***nL'eis by theearrier, will 
Im* furnishe<I with tnin>)H)rtation nipM'Ms, on whieh will l»e>tate«l that jHirtion <»f th<* 
ir>4> (Miund- of UtLTUiiiie alloweil in exi'(*>s of tin* tpiantitx which, by the tariff of tb«> 
n-siMt'tixe carrier*-. i> tnins|M>rtnl fni*. Thei»tlicer recrivin;: the ^••|ue^.t will certify, 
in the n-ceipt ap|M'nded then*to. whether trans|Mirtati«in for such e\cr»i«. of iuiggage 
has iH'f'n nirnir-luil. and wttleini'nt will U- ma<le by the <2'iarttrnia**ter'^ lK-{>;irtmeiit 
with the i'e>|H'«ti\e carriers ac<'ordingly. 



TRANSIM>RTATloN RKiil'KSTS - KKRKIKS, HRIlNiKS. HM 

Idtf-I. The l^nart4Tiiia>it4'r*H m>|>iirtnH*iit inuy pnividi' tniiiM|N»iijiti<iti i>f UitnnMP' 
for mliMi-*! iii«'ii tniwlin^ iiiitlor unli*rH witltoiit tnM»|iM, not to 4«xi*4t*«l tin* following 
wiMiflil?*: 

|Nillll<l« 

Noiic«itiiniii«iioii(f 1 odiivrn KM) 

Privat**?* of thf Ilonpitul (*or|ip« liMi 

< »tlnT privatt-H ;»*> 

Tlii<« iilloUiiiKH* will :ii*4*oiiiiittiiv t^twU iiiaii on thv <'onM'van«-«* liv viliirti lit* m 
trun-iNirtiil. and will iin'hhlr tlit* nnniNTof |Ninnil<' of l^iinniL'** •"irritil fnt* on thi* 
|iaM4ip* ticki't. 

ItftlA. <^uart4*rnia.-t«'i>. in isMiin^r n<i|n4*«*i*' for tran^|H»rtation i»i otli<*<*r!« an<l olli4*i> 
tnixflint; un«lfr onl4*n«. will not in4-ln«lf iht-n-in puhlit- pn»iierty of any flf»^Ti|ition, 
ni*r |M'r>Minal Uurua^* in 4*Xf^*^ of that |Hirtion of tli4> ailovi anct* of 1«')4) |miuii<1]< n(»t 
4rarri4'4l fn'«*. ati<l for wlii4*h tnini<|Mtrtation at puMic <*\|»fnM' h aalliori/4i|. 

Itltl6. lt<Mik.*'of Mank tranr*|Hirtation n'«|nc>i.« uill In* providt**! hy t}i«* (jiurtt'r- 
nia">t4*r-< ifni*nil. Tin*) \iill U* fnrni>lii'<l !•• <|nartfriiiii>t4T}'. mIio will rttfipt and 
tti'i-onnt for t}i«*ni. Kt-tiUf^tK i.«Q>n4<d will Iw n'|i*irt4il i»n tli4' prtxTilx-tl tortn. Tin* 
numU'n* 4»f all n•«|U4•^ti* n»4*i*iv4'4l. i*«*n4*«l. i^nufli**!. 4'l4*.. uill U* "iN-t'itittl in tli4* pr(»|N*r 
a)i!-tra<*ti4, an*l all csinci'Uil n'«|U4'Hti' will a4i*oin|»iiny voUi'li«*r to Alf^tr.u't 1. 

l!i2l7. An otti(H'r rclii*vt*il fn»ni dnt\ in tin- <^nart(*rniiL*<t4T'" I><*|iiirtnifnt. iirtrani^ 
ftTn-il tti anotlii'r ^•tation. \iill tnni o\i'r to hi^ on«-i-i>>4ir all Mank n'4|n4'?-t.« in lii- \mttu 
Hi'»»*iiin. tjnU"**« «»th«'rHi«-f din'<'t4'«l, taking; a ntt-ipt lln-n-for, whirh uill fhow tht» 
tilaiik n*«|iir*t« turni*«l ••vcrand t}i«'ir nuniU'p*. 

I2i4^. I»lank rtNinf^t.- will not U* rvnioM^d frfm tin- nnlitiiry d«'|i;irtin«*nt t<»uliirh 
tln'\ haxfUi-n fllrni^h4tl, nor will tln^y U* tr.in-hrrtMl t<> ••tliifr- \\}i«t an* n-^l author* 
i7f«l to rfft-ivf thfiii. If likot or Ht4>l('n. a n'|Hiit. irivuiv; ntniiUi-^ and ^n-ric^ oi tho<^* 
nii-'*inL' :tn>l < in iHMotMn<'4*!x att4'ni!in^ lo*>. uill In- nia<l** at umii- to the i-hit-i •|n.irt4*r- 
ma-ti r of (}>•• d«'{«irtnirnl an^l thf(jii:irti-nna«ti'r-< o-m-nil. and th«' foniHT will n^itify 
th«' (r.ii.«|M>rt.ili«*n lin«*« in hi*> •!f|iartnifnl an<l vii initx not \** linrmr thi-rn. 

Itl^lH. Tlif -tnli <if tilt* n-viMc!"!, t'«tntainini; itr- -iili-tani-c, aipl -hitMinj; hv uhat 
aM(li<>rii\ .iiid I'lrHhat pur|Hi»«' i-^ni**!. \%ill Im> prf«4'r\i-d a- part ••! tin* }M'nii.int*nt 
ntunl >'i \\i* jM»-t iir oitiii- fnini whi«h th«- i-»ii»- \\:l- niadf. 

li:Kltl»>. lit(M'IKI.«. \M* lti;MH.|>. 

1 4ISIO. \Vln'!if\«-r 1! -Iiall U- nit^""— b4r\ i"r ti.-ip-. fi-ani-. ••! » riipli»\i'*'« in tli«- niili- 
tar\ -<-r\i<i' T>> |*ii«« nit ptilili< *U\t\ ••\i r a tijallv • ••ti-tiditt-l dtil I'thixfi-. hirx.or 
tiiriipiki . till- ••tli««'r "T [H-r-iiii in < har^i •-( fin- |<;irtv uill .ipplx !•• tin- Mfan'-t iiiiar- 
ti ri.-a«ti r I'-i a n-«jMt -t i'«r ^iiili |Kt— >ak;i' It In • .tii fi«>t ..Ktain Jl. In- will irixi* !•> th«* 
ki>|«r"I tlif Itridv.'*'. I»Tr\, iir tnrnpiki ,1 « • rtitii at*- -'aM'j^» tlit* iinin'^r nf |N'r»«inf* 
ai.'i \\ L« f l(t r iif'ntti-*! nr ^n ^M>t, niniilNr<>l !•-•-•- ari iiial- Tian.'- aii>l annual!* to 
i-a* 1 1 !• .iiii :'<r M Itii li r«>II <-r fi-rriair*- i* 'Ini-. .is.d -li- v^ -u,: i ha! flu- Traxi I i- ■•n pijl»li»* 
• I'ltv \ii>>iiit(« i"r -ii« li "«'r\ li"*'. a<'iiini)Niti:> d l-x fli»- f««jii«-!. >r ••if:tifal<- ihilv 
ri-»;p't.l. \« ill In- pn-^-ii(i^! !•• tin* iH-ari—! dj"l»iir->ii^» •|iiart«Tiiia*t«-T T-r -• Mlt-na-nt. 
\% }. »•• {'.r. pa\ II. I lit. w ill ^if |«ty hini-ilt that flu lafi - • ha*";.'*'! «!•• Ji«-T t\. .-• i| lh«»«H» 
a':t}. ri/id.oi |*;i:<l l»\ pri\ ati* indiviihi.iN. and thaf tin iiidil>ti*tM«-^ Ma» n«ii»aril> 
MK-iirft t-rtli«- piihlii -A-rxiit*. I*a\nii-nl Mia\ U i:iad«- a* Tin- ;i>ilipin/*-<l ••? U"iuil 
rat* -. '.hi* *■■ iiff»' ia\ ••ral'lt* (4-rni'* I'tin l»'«'l>taiind 

•>iii|-|-|-< \i; «M< I » 1.1. 1 ::>k»i« 

l^^l. \\rit!«-ii n-»|iii-«!- hir "tn-«-(-t ar and :*fi\ li'kt?- \«ill )m pri-p.irt-| »\ 'j'ur- 
t* rrii.L-Ti r« a:.d !-'r\«aidid t«» tin- <^iiart» r:ii.i-'t 1 •••i.tf.il 1 -r a'J*li>r'\ t.. j. .ri La ••. 
Tli«-»- r«"niii-«T- \%dl -latf till' nuriil- r. t hanit tt r. and •--! ••: ihi- thkil- n^iMiri-l. an«l 



168 STREET GARS SLEEPING AND PARLOR CARS. 

the oifiivrp Hulnnittinp: them will certify that the tickets are for lu^e in mc«eeiiger 
8er\'i(v in tlie puhhe })UHini*rti«. The tieketn when i)un'ha.»H»<l will ]k» taken up on the 
return and expi.»n<le<l solely in the iHTfonnanit' of niesHrnjr«*r wrvi(H» on puhlic daty. 
In ea«eH wlien* strn't-car or ferry eoni|)unieH have no titrkets for sale, mnibun>ement 
fur fare paid may hv made on a S4»rvict» voucher. 

l!ll33. Tile following: {K^rsons are .'ntitle<l, at public ex{K*nse, to a double Ix^rth in 
a sleeping;: car, or to the i'ustonmry statenNim lU'coninKKUiti^ms on steanien!, where 
extra eharjiTi* iH made for the same: Otficers of the Army traveling on duty witli 
trr)oi)P; Anny nursi»s, civilian clerks, and a^'uts in the military st-rvici*, when trav- 
eling under orders on public business; si>r^'ant-maji»rs (regimental, liattaliou, or 
H]ua4lr(jn), onlnance, commissary (jxist or n*^imental), (juartermaster (jwist orregi- 
niental), an<l electrician ser>:(>ants, hospital stewards, chief nmsi<>ians, chief trumpet- 
ers, princi[>al nuisicians, lirst st^rj^eants, and serjr«*ants nf the Signal (.\»rp»*, when 
traveling umler onlers on public business without tronp>; also invalid H^Mierv, when 
wj traveling on the certilicjite of a me<lical oflieer showing the ii«M'es>ity therefor. 

When the numl)er of officers traveling with tPKips is t(Ni small to justify the hire 
by the Quartermaster's Department <if a stan<lard shaping car for their atvomnKxla- 
tion, they shall Im* furnisluHl with such i>art of a tourist sleeping car. or other Huitable 
sUvping car, j>n»iH.Tly curtainnl off for their accomuKMlation. as the QuarterniHi'ter'B 
IH'iMirtment may pn»vi<ie for their use ilurinir the jminiey. 

IdSISI. (^uartenmu«t4>rs providing parlor and sleepin«j ear ac<-nnnn<HlationH will 
issue n'<|Uests then»for, and state then*in the numUT of l>erths »)r seats nMiuinM. 

IdS'l. When a jouniey is to Ih' iHTfnrmed covering the n>ute «>f more than one 
sleeping or juirlor «'ar, se]tarate r»»<jut^ts will Ik' issued lor accoiiini<Nlations in (>aeh 
car in which the jhtsou is to travel. 

1335. The holder of a reipiest which <'alls for .'*leepin«; or |t:irlor <'ar accommoda- 
tions will n'ceipt for the numlH-r of InTths or >e«ts lurni^betl. naminu' the ]K>int8 
lK»twtHjn which thev were furnished. 

» 

Id36. IVrsoiis holding re<iuests tor sleeping or parlor ear atTotimifNlations will, 
whenev«'r i»racticable, pres«*nt them tti the pro|H'r au'eiit and olitain tickets for the 
numlHT of iK'rths or si*ats n-^iuinMl iM-fon' eomiiieiiiiii;: the journey. When not 
practicable to dc» so, In-rths i»r wats will Ik* H-cunNl iVom thi* ronduet««r t*i the car. 

ltlS|7. S|NMMal sleepini; or i»;irlor ears will not b«> eliartennl when ilieex]H*n8e 
excee<ls the i-ost of tlu» In-rths or wats authorized to U- iMrni>bed. 

. ItlSlM. When it is impracticable forajL;ent<^ tir condMi'tiirs ttifuriii^b U'rths or seats 
in sleeping or parlor ears, the hohler of the re4{Me^t will, on the terminatii»n of hifl 
jouniey, return it to the issuing i»tli<i'r with a statement of the n^i.-ons why it has not 
lii'en usetl, and that oiIie«T will at nut for it on his return. 

I4SI9. The Quart4'niiaster's iK^partnient will pax ai-i-niint- tur r>l(i'|>in>: and jiarlor 
car ac<'onim<M hit ions when made out in the name of the fmipanx fiirni>hini: them, 
an«i liii.'^'<I u}M»n reipie^ts i>'>U(Hl by (|uarteriua*'ter'>. In M'ttlement it will not alKtw 
for a gH'ati-r iiundHT «•! U-rth- or >eats than i> lalh-d \**r in tin- rei|iie«-t, although 
nion' may ha\e Immmi n-eeipteil fur; aihl when a h—s innnlM-r h:i«< been ni'elpttil for 
than the ret|ne«t mention^, it will |i;iy in ai-eMnlaiiii- w ith the n*iiipt. When the 
n*«*eipt eovt'rs a LTi-atrr nnniU'r of luTth** t»r -i-at- than i- «Mllt'd fur in ih«- ropiest, the 
disbursing ntliirr will rejMirt th** fact to the t^naitirnia-ti-r • mmutiI. but piyment 
for th«' anthiiri/ed nuinlM-r will not U'llelaxed. 

ISl'IO. An •ilTner Iravi-liiej with tnMip-^ who imur- i-vptii-** for antlitiri/itl >h»ei>- 
ing or fiartor i-ar aci-iininKxlaiiiin^. w hen it i> impraitii-abN- 1<> <<l>tain a r«'«|Ui'*'t th«*re- 
for. will U' niinbiii-M'il by the li'i'^rtrrina.-ter's 1 »i partrnen!. n|H.n applieation 
su]>|M>rted b\ a ri-ei>i|it fur the anioiini i>:iid by him ami a eupy of the unlep* under 
which the jonrni*\ w:is |ierf<irnied. 



TRANSPORTATION OF BAOOAOK. Ifi9 



TKANHI*1»KTATI<>N or H.UHtAiit:. 



Id'il. In chttii^ii^ HUition an utriivrV uuthori/«*<i Hllt»waii<v nf tnHonip' will \)e 
tiinif<l <>v«T tit a <|iiart(*niiai<UT fur trHni<|Mirtatiiiii ai* fm^'ht t>y oniinary fri'i^ht lint's. 

144tl. The luiKKU^t* to Ih* tnuiy]M»rt4-«l ut {>iil)Ii<* «*x|iciih«% including iih'mh <>hif*t»« aiid 
|if*r>*onal Ui^jmtfis ti|Miii rluin^rt' of ntation will not i*\<*<im1 tin* following wvi^hti^: 



Rank. 



Ill the I ClMiiKinir 



htunth J 


^*iitimth. 


1.(1(10 


S.AOQ 


TiW 


'i.NOU 


WO 


'i.«lO 


Mi 


'i.UOO 


l!4) 


1.700 


l.M* 


l.AOO 


IH) 


i.aoo 



M«Jor-tf«'ii«r.il 

HfintlTi-r iri'iifml 

rii-hl ortlivr 

(Vi|i|jiln 

Finit lifiiti-nniit 

Kr<'«ini1 li*-iiti-riAiit Hinl vi'tcrliiftrian 

Arttnir H««i-tiint fiiinrfi>ri 

Hk»t nii«t nttiini'iiUl ii(iiiiiimuif«4t»fii*<l •tmft o(n«>fr, h«i«|iiu) Mi-wiinl. rhiff 
mii^li-liiii. M>nr**iiiit of iht* Hiirnal r<ir|M. fH|iuiilMii miu\ iMttultun MTKvaiit- 
mAJiiTi, «-jirl» AOO 

For otrn*«*n>aiitl othfrn iiith<*aUi\v lint, whi'ii finiiarkiiiv! iimlvr onK'n* fori*xt(*ii«l(Hl 
Hcrvii*** ifViT tlir wa aii<l for «liity in Alai«ka, and ii|Min ('haii>;i* of ntutioii in Alai«lui 
ami in lihut'M U-yonil tli«* liiniti* of th«* Statii* ^-oniiHi^intr tlu* I'nion. iv* \%«'ll iv* u|Kin 
n*tuni til tlu* Kii*l Stat«*}«, th«* allit^unci* of limnr.iir«* tn U* tranf*|Hirt«*<l by tlu* Qtiartrr- 
niaf*t«'r**« IVfiartnifnt fn»ni initial |M)int to fMiri «>f fniUirkati«in and fmni iM>rt of 
<l«*ptinati<in to ^irri*Miii ntation will U' thn^* titii***- tin* allo^anc** prfHTiUNl aU»ve 
for clian^' of station. 

Tlif pnivi-iiin^ *>( \h\f ]*tkrvmn\*U will al«*> «'\tciiil !•• otii('«*n< who an* onl4*n-«l to duty 
in .\liL-k;i «>r lh«> Nland of <tiiani. and tli*' Kitiif ininx|Mirtation allouan*^* \%ill !« 
krninl«->l tii«itiiii«r> •»!! rhan^* of ^•tatiitn in <*iiUi. Titrto Ki(*«i, tht* l*liili|i|iin<- NIandjt, 
ll.iu;iii. Al;i?*ka. and <tuani. ami on ri'tiini ti* iIm* l'iiit«*«l Slat<*s. 

TIh'*^' all«»\vani**-f an* in I'Xtt**** of tlu* w«'i«jli!- fnin-jMirt*-*! fn*** of cliarv*' untliT the 
nv^iUir f.m- l»y |»nMi«' mrri«'r-. Tht* y may !•»• n^ilui ttl pro rata hy thr «*oniniandin|C 
ofliiir. if ntf *f?««ar\ . an<l nia\. in f*|«i'ial i-sl-h***. )><• imn'aM-il by tin* War lH*|iartnit*nt 
i»n tr.in"|M<n« hy i«at4'r. Slii|»iiifnlf of otii«-i-n.' all«>H:ini-i* of liainniif«* will in all ttu»en 
ln> nia<h* at iarri«T'<« ri«k. in<-hiilintr th<i*-«- ti\t'r r >ail« \«h«*n* tariff;* proviilf fur cxtrm 
rharp* tlnrtfor. An ••t!i<Y-r dc-taiU-vl fur dM(\ in a fi»n'i;:n <'«iuntry ivi a military 
Rttai h«'* i» fiititlitl i«t tniti-|i**rtation <if |iroff<«>.i«iii:il UMik-aiul |ia|«'r» an«l tin* mini- 
tier of ]iiitiii<i<« t'i |M>nM*rial l<sHn?atf** -|i«*< itit-<l in th« aU»\ •• tahl** ••til> . 

Itl-I«l. Th*' <^iiari«'rtiia^t**r*« lH*|4irtnt*-iit \%ir. tr.iit»|Mirt tli<* anth<tri7«*«l rhan^* of 
ntatiiin alli*\«aii< f«>f I-u/lmi^* ainl pruffM-iiinal l-->k«aiid |ia|ii>n< for MttiriTHnrcnli-tiNl 
ni«'M ii|*<>n rf(ir»'iii*itt. ^r uli>iiti«' in tht>*<«-r\ !•« . fniin tln'ir la>t ihity flalinn** t<* hK'H 
|tla4*i- u if hill the limit* ^f tht* I'iiit«*<l Sta(i-<* :i« iiia\ U- tlt«* h«»iiiiH.<if th«*ir f.imilii«, 
or a- ni.iv U- •t«*«i;;nat«il hv thfir Itnfal r«-pri-* nfatiM'- ..r •■Xi-intor^ 

l^'il. Tnin"|**rtatii>n "f < haiiifi* <tf -tati<>ti .ill'iu.ifM t- ••{' t tiij^';»]i|»f \- aiitlHtri/*-*! for 
Hiif*h tiintr.ii't -iinn-on** a- inav In* 4*ni|il«>\«-4|. ufiii. tin % j'titi (••rdntv iin«l«-r tht- iin*t 
iip|«T. .Hid al-' «ni n-!iirii !•• tin ir h«imf« . n tli« ?• rriiiii.»!i'-ri «.f tin ir •••ntnut-. if prrH 
\idf«l t-'T :ii Mil- i-t.ntr.ii t" < ir»liia(«^ «*f tin- Nti!:i.ir\ \<adtiii\ and «>trii'i'n> |ir»iiiiMt«Nl 
frotii il,f rank- iitill U* fiirnt»}ii*«l with tniti'-|»'riati<iii \**t t\*\'\ ;ill*iwaiit-*' * i Uf.:knM(«* 
• >h f Ik ir tir-1 axoi^'iiiii* nt tt* •hit) a* •••mmi^ioiH'il <>r!i*fr« With tht*«4' i'\«f|>fpinii, 
tr.iti-i-'rT.iti<>n "i UiLVac** at piihlii- t*\|rt'nM> i« ii..i .I'ltlfri/i-*! f-ir otti'i'r^ joiitiitt; for 
dii(\ ••') tir-t a|«|«>iritnii'nt !•• tnilitar) *i«-r\i«'i-. ii'-r u]»-ii ri-:ii*<t.iT«-iiit nt ••r r**ap|H>int* 
in*nt. Iff t>>cfft^-t tran*!*T^ fn»ni«>nt* <iini|tiiii\ <r r* jijikM u. .iii.«f|i(-r :it t)i« rii{ii(«t*t 
«>f jkiriii-- tr;iii«fi rr«-l ottit^'PN unh'nil i'lj TiMuf-'r.ir\ -ImTv .in- ti>! ••iiiiiit-*! t'>*>iii*h 
Irar.-)- rl.iti-n In lifi t.f tin* alli'uarMt' .i:ilt.'>ri/t •! .t. {Mr.ijr:i|t|i IJI'J. iii. <ithit*r 
dolml*-*! a*attik«lH> i** cnt it It'll to Iinm* hi«> full allowaiio* iniii«|>iiri«<d (ntni tin- |«i-t lie 



170 TRANSPORTATION OK SUPPLIES. 

leAWH ti) his homo, or to the noan»st <\>nveiiu»nt plan* of Htora^ri*, an<l \i\hh\ reHuniing 
duty in this country (nmi tnwh j>lac** of ntoragt* to his jw^st of (hity. Whiloon jounievH 
perforuKMl in foriMj^n countries, jis an atta(4i^', th« cowt of transjMirting hiri ]>«*nH>iial 
ba^rgajrc can not Ik.' pai<l hy tlic (2uartennast«»r'H Department. 

t*24Si, The QuarteriniL*<ter'H Pepartnient will furnish tninH{N)rtation frir the pr«- 
scrilKMl rejfimental an<l coin|i;iny (U'sks, for tlu* Ixjoks, pain-rs, and inHtrunient«4 of 
staff olFuvrH neceswiry t<» the performance <>f their <luties», and for the niiKltcal <'herit« 
of nietlical ofIici>rs; aln) for the pn)fesHional t)(K)kH, including Htaii<ian1 workn of 
fiction, of ofKcen« chan^rin^ station, ofiicers onlen-d home for n'tirement, graihiatoH of 
the Military Acaileiny, an<l otticern joining: on first apiMiintment, whicli they {-ertify 
belong to them an<l jHTtain to their otficial duti(*s; also the pnifesHioiiallMiokH of 
hospital Htewanln changing station, not excee<linK two hundrtHl poundn in weight. 
Invoices «)f {uicka^rt^s tunuMl over to the shipping oih<'er will Ik* ac(*om|»ani(^l hy the 
certificate of the olKcer as to <'hara<'t(T of 1mm iks, and a certified copy will Ih* attached 
to the hill of lading issmnl at the initial |H)int of shipment. The <vrtifi(rate an to the 
character of the l><M.)ksof a hospital stewanl will U* >riv«'n hy the mi^iiml officer 
under whom he last servwl. 

TI£AXSI»OirrAT10X OF sr I'1*L I K>. 

1SI46. Quartennasters will, prior t<» shipment. s<>cun>]y i>iick, st'al, and weigh all 
quartennast*T's supplies, if praiiii-ahle. 

Itl47. ijii^^rtermasters an<l a^'Uts shippinj; puhlic ppi|K*rty or lui^n^gi^ will mark 
every packa;^; with the nam<' and station of the otiicer to whom consi^unl. and will 
ninnl>er them c«»ns<.H'Utively. Pa<'kjijres nf ((uartermaster's supplies should, so far iu> 
practicahle, lH»ar conwH-ufive numln^rs, tc> Ik* pnM*ede<l or follnwiii hy the nundierH 
jriven to the pai'ka^es of other clasx^s of pro|HTty r^hipiM'd at the Kime time; hut no 
two packa^res of the siime shipment will U'ar tlu- s;une iinmU'r, except in cast* of 
reshipment of packajres aln-aily numU-nHl. When supplit-s ar** ship]M'd in lar|*e 
(]uantities, aufl in packages of like fiiiiu'nsions and wi'i;;ht, innnln'rin^ may lie 
omitte<l. In cases of reshipmiMit, ston-s will In* re-niarke<l it nrcr^siiry hy th«» ofliit»r 
re<]uireil to reship them. 

ISl'iW. Ollici'rs turninu' «iver pn>|H*rty tn a ipiartiTinasirr f^r tran>*|M»rtation will 
plainly mark each juicka^w' with the namr and adiln'«-s of i'mi^i^m-*', a list <if iti« 
contents, its wei^rht. and **r. S." 

Itl49. An nthiTr who turns tiver>upp]ii's to anothrr fur tran>piirtatiiin in the 1h^ 
condition in which it is pos.<.ihlc to put them is ri'lirv«'«l from any further n-sponrt- 
hility therefor hy tin* n-cfipt of the otlinT to \\lu»ni they an* intrust«tl for tr:ins]Hir 
tatit»n. Should the titlirt>r to whom the stores an' con>iL'n<*d ilJMtivrr damain^ or 
deficien<'V, In* will apply fi»ra lnwinl of >!irvry. U'forc whirh all o»ncern«tl will 1h.» 
heard in iktsou t»r hy di'iMi-ition. Tln' iMijml will a>rrrTain anil ilrirrminr theainount 
and conditiiin of tin- >ton- ai'tually tleliven-d lo ihr nrriv in.: oirjcrr. who >\ill ntvipt 
to the otlicer intrustitl with thi*ir tnin>|Hirtati<iti for (lif aiiioiiut and ipiantity s<i 
ileterminol. Tin* Iatt«'ro||iiTr will U- lu-ld n^iHiM^-ihli- lor all daniai:r- •irdi'licii'n«*y, 
unless relie\n I thcrcfnMii hy the rcjHirl of ihi* Iniard <»!' Mirv»y. »lul\ ap[irovi'd hy the 
reviewing authority. 

I350. Whi-n a i|uarternia>ti'r nM*4'i\e«i «>npplic>. tran-p>>itt-il h\ a ronnnon i-arrier 
und4*r a:;rc«*miMit with tin* < juartiTinastcr'*- hi'imrlnn'rit. whirh do not <-iirr<«<|Hiiid to 
the invoin* U'cau^e *ti dainai:i' or •h-liiit-nry not at!rihuT:ihlr !.. onlinarv loss or 
w;ftavri', the lati.- will U* fullv iiivi'stii;ati'«t h\ a h. lanl of ^urvr\ i nnl»*>s the carrier 
voluntarilv a>.<*uiti«'s liahilitv for the lo^«i and tlu- nioiu-v valui* ot the daniai!t> or 
• Ifficieih y will In- chanred \n tin- jiarty n'-|»«in-ihl«' tlifn'hir. v\ iM-thi-r thf *<hippinvE 
ofliriT i»r I'.irriiT The authority which call- flu* U^anl will, a- -"on a*^ |HH>ilile, 
transmit eopii- oi it- pn»cr<Mliiip4 to tin* fi»rwanlinLr and ni-riNinvr otlii-iTf and l«» the 
////y/'nT;i//f//#»ri/«««i fo ]»iiy the a4*i'ouni. In i-im* the n.^jHiU-'^ihility i«* ti\<i| u|Min the 



TRANSl>OKTATI<)N KoR KXK(MTIVK DKI'AKTMKNTS. 171 

carrivr. th«* ntviviii^ uHuvr will ii«it<* mi tin* Mil ••( In*liiiir tli<' <l(-«liirtiiinH wliirh 
nhoiiM U* made f(»r hucIi l<it«< (ir <luniiip* l>y thi- •inartcniiit.-icr \ihi> \Ki\j* tlit* iu*(i>iiiit. 
Th«* latliT will iirnkt' the (l<'«|ii«'ti<»ii an<l n*tnii<l ilu' atnnniii •'to|i{i«'4l to tin* |»n»|K*r 
«li'|iarttii<*iit. ill th(* following tiiutiti«*r, fur fx:iiiiplc: If fniin un untmnt of $HM) for 
tran^*|H•rtati4>tl *4i«r\'i«f»t thrn* it* a (l«*<lti4*tinii nf ^'Jo fur onlnaiH't' htuni* ImpI, tlx* <|imr- 
t4Tiii;i>t«>r will takf rn'ilit iiii«l«*rtlH* h«-a<l " Tr.iiio|MirTatiiiri nf tlii' Army" f«»r :^7rt |«iiil 
in till* curriiT. aiiii al^^o f<>r $2'> iU«|M»;iit«Ml t<i tin* cn^lit nf ilir Tn'a.**iin'r «if tlit* CtiiUNl 
StaNf nil ac<'iKiiit of thf Onliiaiio* iK'fiartiiii'nt; but if tht* iliiliirtifai ir* on an*oiiiit of 
foraci* l*>*t t*y th«* (nrrirr, hi* will tak«* rn*ilit mi hi*- ai-<-i«iint mrn'iit. iiiiilfr traii.«|M)r- 
tatioii. fnr$*J5 a^ tiirriitl t«i "R^vuliir Sii|i|»Ii«*f<." uii<l«*r wliirli lica«i lit* uill tlianri' 
hiiiiHt'lf with that amount. 

ItlAI. Tranf|iortatioii hy fxpni#*, wImmi in fx !■••?••. tif ri»*«t hy on li nary friMtrht, 
tnii>t \n* limititl to i*iii«>rvrt*nrics, ami voiichi'r«< in paynifnt niUMi .*>how thiM'inriVfiit'y 
ami authority for HUrh traiiH|Mirtation. V\m*n a|>|»li<::ition appniyttl hy th«* ili'itarl* 
iiirnt <iiiiimamh*r. a i(ii4irt«'nna>>tfr may tnui}*|Mirt |>nhlii- fiiii<lr* hy fxpn**!'. In Mirh 
(iiH*»> h«* will ni-<'i|»t <inly for ho many HiiUtl ]t;irka;;t-H Kii<l tn rontain hi innrh |»iihlir 
iii(»m'\ . Wh«*n an ali««*nt «lihhiin«in); o(lii'«'r fH'mt.*' hi** «-hc4-k t<> tlu* onU*r of tht* 
(|iiarti*rmsL>*t«*r. n*«|iif<*tint; liiin to cxpn'riM tht* amount nainttl thfn*in. thi' latt«'r will 
n'«'«M|>t f«ir th<* luiiial anii»iint to U* tninH|M»rti*«l. In nm-tif li>^?i<if fun<lf* hy iinavoiil- 
ahli* a**«-iil<*nt. tht* r*hip|iintr ittth-tT will n<»t Ih> hi'M n*«}Niii-ihli\ and tin* fitliifr 
ai*f'<iiintahl<' f«irthc funilHinii^t H«^*k n*lii'f thn>iii:h appli<iitiitn !•• tht* <*i»tirt of <*laini0 
ar t'» <'«inifn*Hf». 

TIlANMiiIlTATloN KoK tilHKK in:i' MCl MKNIV 

14*(!i. The t^iiartrniuirttiT'M lN'|iiirtm«*nt will -hip :ill fn-iL'ht that may }*«*<h'liv(*n*«l 
toil. M'inn*ly }nii'kf*l and prnfHTly markiol. h> au) "i ihi- l-!\i'iuti\i' lH'|«artm«'nti4 
of iMiD'an** nf till* < itivi'mnifnt. S«*|mrati* hill' «•! l:i>linL' will In* n>-«*<) anil tht* fnllow- 
ini! n«.!ati«in- ii»ad«* tlu'D-^in: "Paxahh' h\ tht- TnM*nr\ lH'partm»nl.'* "tin* Navy 
iH'imrtnii'ii!." "thi- Inli-rinr IS'|iartmi'nt." "thi* \;iTi..nal Miimmiih." "thf l'nit«*«l 
Stat«- I'i-h r4.nimi«««-i«'n." I'tr. Whi-n pra«-!J«al»li'. thi- himan !•• whuh th<* fri'itrht 
|tiTtaiii- will U* -tali ■•I. fi^r <*\ampU': "I*a\:ihti- hy thi- Na\ \ I>< imrtMit-nt. Hun -an of 
< »nlnaiii»-.'* Aiiinint.- in duplii-aitt-. -iip|M.rt«'il h\ th<-«M' hilN nf lailin;;, will U* pn»- 
|mri-l h> .iii> •iiurtcniia-tiT tn wlmnt thi*\ iiia> )h- ]*ri— «-(itft. and will U* forwanh**! 
til tht' <^iiartcrnia-Ifr-< ffni*ral. In makin;: ii|> th«- a<«<tiiit-« tin- Kinu* plan or* to 

dt-vhiMinn nil a> ml nf !and-;?rant nr Uiri«laidi 1 railr<siil« will Iw purmh'd af in 

a<i .■nut- fi.r tran«p<irtatinn nf ••th«-r < tiiXfrriiiiirit pr.'|*rt\ . 

lilASl. The <^narti-ri(uL-t«*r'*> l>«'|i;irtni«ht i- ai|tl.>ri/id in -hip 'iindiT th«* nnnila- 
tinii* ^n\«-niirii! th«* lran«|«>rtalii'h ••! niil:tar\ pr<i|*«-rty. arid i^n thf ",inif* fnrrn.N of 
hill" n| lad in;/ anii-l«« thuiat*'*! !•• tin- Mi**!!' al ^lll-• ipii at \\'a-hin;:tnn. th<* lihrvry 
and iiin-«'Miii nf tin* Military St r\i«i- Iii*>titul:"ri at <•••%• rii"r* NIand, N. Y.. or tli«* 
I'mtf*! >tat« - Military A*.Ml*-iiiy :tt \\'f*t r«.:rj! N Y Pa« ka;:i- will U' markol 
with th»- l:aili*' id ihi- lliotltl|11i»n. and «• tit Iti • .irt- ■•! th*- d«|xit •llla^«•^ll:l^t«■^ ftt 
\V;i-hiii;:t..ii .if Nfw Ynrk. i^r thi* •jniirtirina-*« r .4* \\ i -t p.iiiit. 

ItlAI. AriM*. iirtliiani I- •tnr«--. aiid 'piarti-rri-a-tt r - -upplit--. i— ti*-*! ti* thf> M'Vrral 
Stati— and Ti-rrit'trii- ufi-lrr th«' law- fnr arnnt.j .ir. i •-,'nppiiit* tl,»- inilitia. will In* 
tiirii«"»l "M r tn till* < jiiari*-nii.i-t«>r''- iN'lurtnit :.! : .•- *r.tti-|»trtati<-n and 'hlixfry at 
th« r.idr- ad 'If|->1 nr •>1«"atiil>t,it d^M k n«-an— t ti.'l.. (".ii,t w ithiii th«- >tat«- i*r Tt-rri- 
tiT\ di -j/n.tt«-l l»\ thf u'*'M'ninr thi-n-'f •Np.irtf. * .. - -i !ad)ii«'wiil U> ii*«>d in 
phipp.hj tin- pn.|«Tty. 

|tf«l«l. \ •{iLirti-rnia>ifr i* anthnri/i'*! t>- fr.iii-|->'t >••- I.- aiid iiiM-i^al iri-tniiii*-nlf* 
ptin ha-«-<l Inf -if dnnat«><l tn. |-i-t i ha{H - ••t t- j--* ' • ■■- i .i* > li'-rarn-- and ;r> tii- 
lia^tii aii'l athii-tii appliaim— p'ln ha-« I * "i r. ;/ ■, . '.Vi . \. f.aiij«- nf intnisiiiy 
fiiitiU. I'^r ihf ti«** itf tri>i«|»M, froiii tin ii'-art-t iiatktt *.-• Mn- {«>-t nr -tatinn nf ihi* 
in^ij"*. 



172 



BILLS OF LADINO. 



BIUH OF LAI)IX(i. 

Iil56. Public pmiKTty will l>e tranFported on billn of lading:, which will he num- 
bereil ccmHccutively in the onler of Hhipment, Ix^nning with the finBt shipmont of 
each fiM^l year. They will connint of two partti, the original and <liiplicate, each to 
be certified by the i^hipping officer and ret^eipted })y the <*arrier. 

Iil57. Bills of lailing will Ih' ])repared in the name of the (carrier, and will show 
the i)ointt4 Ix'tween which transi>ortation in re<]uir(><l, alKo places of original departure 
and ultimate destination of the freight. 

135§. Hills of lading will hIiow the numl)er, marks, contents, and weight or 
measurement of e4U*h pm^kage or class of packages t4> l)e tranHi>orted, as followM: 












X 



C 



Markff. 



MhJ.Gco. BliHH, 

WdNhiiif^on. 1). C. 
V. S. imipcrty. 

MAj.Jnhn Bell, 

I>riM)t (^M.. 

WiiKhinRtnn, I). V. 

r.S. pnipiTty. 



('Hpt.John Smith, 
li. M..r.S.A.. 

(J«'<>rKfl<»wii,I>.(\ 
U. S. pruinrrty. 



Lt. Jut. Smith, 1st 

Inf.. Ft. Mcinnv. Va.. 

("hHiiKiiiK station. 

I'rivatr i)n>iH.*ny. 

<'o. I.lsi Infantry, 
<'o. i»n>iM'rly. 
Ft..\lycr.Va. 



(•i»m"<rK.<»fll<or. 
U'icic Isiaml .Vn<<'nal 

from 

C'apt. John A. Kohin- 

M»n.7th Inf. 



Nt). 



No, of 
I»arkaK('!(- 



1 to 20 20 boxi-!* 

21 Uj 30 10 do 
:U to 3r> Ti do 
M to 40 5 do 



('<mt«*ntH,* 



('annod ('orni><l bi'*'f 

I»rl(Kl salmon , 

KvaporatcNl iK'achcs, 
('anne<l tomatoi'N 



41 to 4S 


S do 


4(i to iiO 


.'> do 


51 


1 do 


r)2 


1 kt-K . 


.*>:} to .V> 


a coils 



Blacksmith's tools. 
(*arpt'nti>r'» ttsils .. 

.Malm's tools 

Chains 

Kiipv 



.Vi to fiO 
(11 ^ 02 
M to eW> 
(iO to 70 
71 to IS 
la 6: II 
7H to m 
M & S2 

K\ & M 

K'> to S^ 
vj to yl 



92 



iV WJ 



W. 



r> iMiliTS... 

2 d«. ... 

:iiM>xi*s .. 

5 do ... 
5 kcjfs . . . 
2 do . . . 
:\ do ... 
2 bnndk>s 

2 Nixvs . . 
4 pkK- . . . 
ac-hf"!.'.. 



2 Ih»xvs 

1 do 

2 do 



Coats 

Shifts 

Hat-s 

Shot's 

HorM'slHH'S 

Hors4.'sh<H- nnils. 

cm nails 

Bur iron 



Weight, 
IbN. 



1.20O 

1,500 

300 



373 
618 

.VO 
120 
200 

no 

600 
76 



Ba^rKufTc 

Funiltun' 

Tnif. IsMiks, |Mip4Ts, in^t^unu•nts.(•tl' 
till* «*a>e may iHM. 



^HS 



BiMiks 

Kifld di"<k 

Band in«<trumcnts 



1 d 



fi 



liayond scaMmrdH anil IxHts 



20O 

HOO 
900 

100 



754 
100 

sas 

100 



Ti»lal 



n.C45 



*Tli«' i-untcnto xhoiijil 1n> <ihown in >uflii'ii'nt di-tail tofnulili* tin* ijuurti-nna-trrS iH'iNirtmrnt to 
n>i-i»vcr ill ru^«' of li*v*. u« Wfll no to know in all cum'^ what was ai'tiiallv lran>iMirt«'<l. 

1459. In th<> transiHtrtation of haggagc with otliciTs or tr(N»ps. the Inll of hxling 
shotild hh<iw plainly wh«'thi'r the whotf weight H|Hi'iti(il in the hill is to Im* ]iaid for 
hy \\\v rtiiti'il Stat«>H, nr whether a d<*<hi('tion is tn U' nia(l«> fur thi' iuim)H*r of 
{Miniids ailitwrd farh pa>*MMig('r hy the carrier. In the latter case, if the uctual mini- 
Iter (if |M»nnd> In 1h> dedueieil is ncit known, the nnnilnT nf perynin- rfeeiviiit; tranm 
|N»rtati(>n will )h- j^iatiHl. 

l2l4IO. Per>i»nal Ki«n;air** <>f ntl'icers \iill n<it )h' >liip|H'd nn < inverninrnt hill of 
ladinir. exeepi >ii«'h ((iianlily a.*i is tr.insiNirte«l at < tii\ernnient e.\|N'ns«> in ehangt* of 
htaTi«>n, inile*^s tr:in>|N>rtatiiin liv \\ai;tin or idher eiin\4'vanee n\\ ned )»v tlie I'nited 
States i?» iiirni>he<l. 

l!i4ll. In tr.in*i}Mirtinir l>y rii|, the iniinUT ••( animals. nnniU'r an«l weiirlit i»f 
parkaL'e>. nmnln'r oi' t'f« i ••! liimlNT nr pieee'* of tiniln'r and diniensionH \^\\\ lio 
expri'S.**e<l in tin* hill 'd' la^lini; in tiirun's ;lx \iell u.* nuniln'r i»f carloiuls: atitl when 



BILLS OF LADING. 173 

tniiiH|M>rtjitioti iH til U* iMiiil fur hy wtn^rht, tli«* liiiinU'r of |M»uii4iH will U> htatc«I. In 
eliipiiH-iiti' by watrr ut culm* iiHiiHun'iticiit. tli«' Kiinf nili*?* hh toiiiiiiit>i*r, M«Mirht. ami 
DH'ttHiiri'iiuMit will U* i»)iHi*rv«*«l. Tin- ollic«T n'«iMviii^ tli«* i»n»|MTty in iviiifyiii^ t4» 
iti« (i)nn'«*tiu*M4 will writ** «int tht> wiMtrlit in \iiinUun<l li^nn>. - 

l)Mtl. F.nif«iini«, int«'rlinfutii»n}«, nr altrnitionhin liillf'nf Imlin^ nniHt U* rxpluinitl 
tlH*n*«)n hy xUv ii«*uini; <>r Mtli«*r (-«»nt|*«*t(*iit otli«>«T nvrr h'n* Hirnutun*. 

I)M9. In till niM* will a Mi*i»nil nnirinul nr «In|ilit'at«' Mil of hulin^ or a i^tpy of a 
hill of lailinir U* i^m**! to tht* nirri«*r for any hliipnimt. ntir will a hill of hulin^ U* 
iwnnil Hft<T tht* tran»»|iortation HiTvit*!' liaK }N*«'n |N*rfoniiiH|. 

1)M4. 'VUv ratt* «if tranr*|N»rtation char^i* an<l tin' initial Ivttrn* of iwli nwl hy 
whioh th«' HUiiplitti an* to U* trannnntt^tl will Im> in.*«iTti*«l in tli«* hill t»f la«lintf. 

1)MA. Tli«- original hill of lading will U* ^i\cn t(» th<* f.irrii'rut th<* tinu* tin* Mp- 
nwnX if* niaih% ami ii|Min tli«* «t«'livfry *t( tht* profN'rty in ^nhI onh'r an<l omdititm 
will U* n*«i*i|it«'«l h\ th«* ii»nf«i^i«-«* anfi n'tiinnil to thf mrrii'r witli nnrh further 
intlorni'nifnt uj^ may U* ni'it'M^ary to in^^un* M*ttU*ini*nt. Tlit* (lui»li<iit4* will Im* 
|»niniptly tranHnittol hy tin* Hhippin^ otIh*«*r to tin* <-on^iirn«t*. and n|Min dHivrry of 
tliv pni|H*rty will U* nti'iptt**! in lik«* manner an tin* orii;iiuil and ftirward<*<l to the 
fwyin^ otlitvr. If th<* hhippintt otihvr in not th«* |iiiyinir ottiivr. h«* will U* notifk*«l 
hy l«*tt«*r of th«* n*«^*ipt of th«* Hippli«*H antl tlit'ir ii»ndition wlifn ni-tMvt**!. 

Itl#4l. KilU iif lailin^r will U* math* jiayahl** hy th«« rhii'f i|uartcrtnaf-t«*r of tlu* 
d**|44rtnu*nt in whirli thi* Hipplitf an* tfi U* d(*liv«*ntl, inil«*f<i* Minit* other •ttlit^T hai« 
Ufii thvi^rnati'tl to |iay tht*in. 

I)M7. Itill.*< of la^lint; iM'U<*d fiir Hnppli<'9« t«> U> forwanl«'«l hy convi'^amv owm*«l 
or It-aMfl hv th«* < tovt*ninu*nt will hliow that no iiavnifnt in to U* maiU* for tlu* 
m»r> iiv. 

I^MI^. Trun-iHirtalion nhonld U* pn>\id«-<l to ultimati* d«'><tination and on thn»ii^li 
hilU <*{ lailinir when prai'ticahh*. Whfii not pnu'tirahlr. or when thn>uirh or h|K*«-ial 
rut«f* i-an not In* r«*«'nri*<l, tranH|M»r1ation will U* furni-h«'«l ti» th<* ntt*t*X ('onvi*ni«*nt 
fmint for forwanlintf t<t nltimatr d«i«iination ttr !•• th«* farthiM |Hiint to which thnnigli 
or F»|Hi-ial rutii* ("an U* ohtaint**!. 

!)!#•• In tnin«|H»rtation of puhlic Hton-**o\cr a lint* of nMul;*. on«* of which if* land 
grant nnd Hihjii't t«i*hilnction ^'f rat«i«. or i?* not cntitltil to|«i\ni«*nt for tnin«|M«rtiii|r 
mich i*ton->. M'iMnitc hill** of la<linir. ^tatin^ that it i*> lan«l trmnt, may U* i*4-u«-«l to it 
if n^|iii-t»**l. 

Itl70. Hill- <«f linlintr will not U* ini«U4'<l i-o hj* ti> include MT\i(^* U^yond tin* ti*r> 
niinatiori ^if an> rouil own«tl, IcaM^l. ointnill*-*!. **r <i|M>nit«-«l h\ a U»nd-aid«-«l Riilmuil 
i-«»tii|an\ When riuch H«'r\iii< i" rfipiinil. M'|iar.iti* hilU i^f la'lnitr will U* iK>n«il. hut 
noni' t<> ini'lu'li- r*'r\io< <i\i-r nion*t!iaii onr Utrid'ai*!***! r«<i«l with itr* l**aix«*il linen anil 
hrun«-hc-. lli«* i"ii«u«*<if M*|<tnite hill« for throii;:h lnin-|M*rtati«»n i" for th«* con\i-nu*ii«<<* 
of railnti*!** onl\ in ^^'ttlin^ their atcounlf*. aii>l will n>'t o>nimit thi* I'nite*! Mate** tt» 
the |t.iyntent of lm-;il niteo fur ariv \m»riV'U "i the ihr>.ii;:ti tr»n«|«irtatiiiii. Suth hilbi 
will indicate thi* |*>iint of ••rivHnal •le|iartun- and nltirnaii- ih-tinatiiai of the fn*i^ht 
traii*j»"rt«'»l 

Itl7l. Ill the aliM-nif iif the ciin«itrne<* iiri>n In- faihin* !•• ntfipl. the «*tii<t*r 
ntfiptiii^ will i^'ftif) that liei>«did\ aiith>>ri/«tl to tfi. • .. niid why the con*<itrn«<i* 
t\*t»t* n*il retv-ipt <*lerk" nnil ai^i^'nt^ an* not a(ith>>ri/f<l <•• re«fipt hilU of la*liti|f 
unh**«« th«- fton> an* i-i»n*ik*neil ti« theui "T !•• their < an- 

1474. In eiu^'of \»tm ikrilamaire t" pri|«'rT\ \%hile in i-iiiM-^i.in of the larrier. the 
hill* "f lii«lint; will n<t| !■• n'^fipte*! until -u* h l"-i^ i-r datnaire i- 'h^ ide«l u|"n and 
th** re«|«in«ihitif \ then*fi»r li\i*<l. eteept th.tt w lii-n the h-^ "T ilaniaire ha- l*ei*ti 
•M*t*nAUiet| aii>l thf ni*|*tii«ihility tive«l with'iii thi- ;i« ti<>n ''f a UmnI, the hill may 
be nii-ipic«l antl an inilorMetni*nt nia«h* thi^nt^n "tatin^ iIm- knnl of pri*|«*rty UM i>r 



174 KILLS OF LADING. 

daiiia^'<1) its wci^lit or inraHiirfinfiit, itH full value including (Mist of tranf<iM>rtation, 
an<l the luuiic of the romimny or {larty n's|K>nHil>h^ therefor. When a receipted bill 
of lading is demanded I)V the carrier, it may )h» nnt'lpte*! l»y the rec'eivin^ offiivr 
after noting thereon the loss or dama>:e whieh is ap]wri'iit. and a<lding that final 
settlement will await the action <»f a Ixuird (»f Hurvev. AH the indon^einentH of the 
nHvivinjr <»tricer <ni the ori<rinal hill <>f lading will Ik? put upon tlie duplicate. 

l!^73. Tayment will Ik* made on the original hill of lading proiierly receipted 
and accomplished, hut not until the <Iuplicate han lHH*n re<'eiveil by the {layiiiK 
oftiivr, except as pr<tvi<led in the following i>ara};raph. 

137J. In ciise of loss or destruction of one }>art of the lull of lading, the payinf^ 
officer, after siitisfyinjr himself of the fact, will n»i)ort it to the Quart em iat>ter-<ieneral 
with re<v>mmentlation im* to paymtMit. 

137*(. In case hoth parts of the hill of lading have Ikh^h lont or det<tn>ye<l, the 
t<hip[>ing <>tricer, uimju the application t»! either the carrier, the c<jiisigm*e, or the |»ay- 
ing ollicer, will issue a c«Ttilicate in duplicate in the prescrihe<l form. Thin ct»rtifi. 
cate may he i:iv«*n hy th<» otiicer in charge of the n'cords of the ]M>Ht or de|K>t, 
although he niay not have made the shipment. Kntry should he made in the ship- 
ping tNM»k of the loss of iHith |>iirts of the hill of lading, and of the fact that the 
certificate has heen is>-ue<l. The rertilicate will In* forwardi**! to the ci»iisignee, who 
will indorse thereon hi«! c«'rtitl<"ate as to the receipt of tlu* pn)in'rty and its condition. 
If a hoard of hurvey has acted on the shipment, he will atta^'h a tropy of the pro- 
ceeilings tf* the certiti<'ale. 

l!l76. A shipping ollicerwill giv«' his ct-rtilii'ate only when mnvssary to enable 
the carrier to receive iiiiyinent. and not until he luu»* satisfied himmdf, by correspmd- 
en4'(* with thi* otiicer to whitm the stores were .•<hip|>ed and the ollicer d(*signate<l to 
make paym«'nt. that ncitlxM' part is in their possi'ssion. He will also nMpiire the 
attidavit of thi* carrier, stating that neither ]iart of the hill of lailing is in his posReti- 
sion nor can U' traced hv him. anil it suh-HMiuentlv fi>und that he will make no 
demand thereon, hut will at unce surrenijer it t«» the rnitetl States. I'i)<>n this 
evidenci*. and with the aullmrity of t lie <2uartt'rma>ter-< Jeneral, payment may Im* 
made for the HTvice. In ea^^e either nr Utth parts nf the bill of lading should huIk 
wxjuently Ih* reeovered l>v the ^hippiii;: otiicer, he will note the fact in the shipping 
biHik and forward the saniet" the (^narterma>ter-<ieneral. 

I4I77. otiicers will .'•ati^fy tlieiiiM'lve*^ nf the lii><«* nf thi' original bill of laxlin^ 
In-fore they Mirreipler t)ie •liiplii ate !•• the rarrier. 1 f I*'*'! w hile in the {Nissession of 
an oltieer. lii> eertiiicMti* will I'c >utru-ient. 

l!l7^. In ra-i'<>t the li<-.- nf a Mil ■•I lailini; while >ti»res an* in tninsit, niilmad 
companies aie rei|ne.«tei| tiif'irv\ard them t>> <liv«tinathiii, takim: such receij»ls as they 
ma V deem necr.-sir\ ti>>hiiw ilelixiTx t'» ciinnectiiii: liiii-. Tliev will nre.»*«'iit these 
receipts in^teiid ni' tin* Mil i"t hi'liiiL' til the ili-biir^iuL' 'piartermaster, who. after hav- 
ing >ati>tieil hini-elt'iii their ci>rrei-tn"*>. wilt niake payment i\< dirti't^Ml in i»arugraph 
I'JM, 

1^70. Payment in 1 :!'>•• '>t' li->iit' either nr IimiIi pari'^ i<t a hill tif lad im; will lie 
ppiiriptlx icp..itii| til the Miiart«-rMia-ler-< Miieral by the di-bnr>inir fllieer. whi>wi11 
give di-^i-ripiiiin of Mil Kt la<iinL'. nr ci-rtiiicate. an>l \i>iicher iHi which {>;iyment is 
maile. 

I^^O. 'i'«i iii-MP- pri-riipt «leli\«iy ill" -tiire- in tin- ab^'iice i>t' Initli parts « if the liill 
of ladiuL'. the r..|i-ii:Mi-«- Mi:i\ -jw*- u* the ciirrie;- a n-ii-ii-t t.-r the >ti»re-i actually ileliv- 
ered. w liich will -laie that it i- ]^:\\ n i>t c.ui-e the Mil ni' ladiiiL! has ni>t coine tn hanil. 
The m-i-ipi will l-«- lei-.iMiril ami iie^ir«"\e"l by till- otiicer wlm i^^-ued it, i»n the 
recMNeiv i-i tl.i I-:!;-.-! liidihLr. 'ir when the • i-rtilicate jii«ivii|eii fi»r in |t;iragra]ih 11^75 
shall ha\e heen L'i^en. 



HILLS OK LAIUNO — rL<»THIN<i. 175 

Itl^l. rayiiH'iit for tnlll^{M•rt;ltitlll will U* uinAv U* tin* hi^t rarniT. uiil«*w «*tli«T- 
wiM' prt>\i«Ic«l ill tlu* liill i>f ladintr. aii«l (>nl> f<ir tin* ({iiaiitity df ^t(•n•«• il«*livcn'<l at 
il«*!»tiii:iTi(in. 4*x«'i'pt tliut ill ra*M*iif ln-^of weight fmin natural ^liririkain' vi\ naite, 
Xhv \\<-i:.'ht r-hipiHtl, an >Iiomii in l>ill "f la«lin<j. ^^ill Ih> paiil i**T, pr«»\iil«*il the |«i4'k- 
lU^r- an* <lcliv«*n-il inlart. Tht> payti' will U- hcM ri'*<|H»nf<i))l«* ftir all 1<»>j>« nr <latiiAg« 
t«« •"tiin*.- wliili* in transit i nnlf*s rrli«'Vi«<| liv a Uiiinl **( Mirwv», ami sxivU l«i<wor 
<lania;;i' Mill U* iltiluctfil in niakinir «<i*ttl«*ni4'nt fi«r tlif •>«*r\ii'i*. 

Itf^lli. (Mlirrro in H-ttlin;; an'i'Untf< tur tran«|i<irtaiii>n. nr furwanlitii; thcni t«> tlio 
i^iiart**rni;L-tfr-(i«*ii«>ral f«>r *H*ttlfnM*nt. will niaain tmni t)i«- (-i>in|uinii'!' nr lintM 
«*nipl'iy«-<l antli«*ntit* an«l nilitial !i*>t*« <»f tariff- in funt* at «lat«' nf *MTvi(*«>. aii«l will 

attach til the tir-t armnnt f*^ N'tthil i»r forwanhil twi pi«*s thi*r(H>f iiin«>f«»r tho use 

of that ••tlttf an*! *niv U*r tin- Tn^a-iiry i, and thi-n-iiftiT. a:^ rat-h arconnt in M'ttlftl or 
fnrwanl«-<I. will irfrr to Nii<l Iimh as lon^ us th«*y an* in lopv. Wlirii riim*nt nitiw 
an* ('har^-<l. a • (•rtilicair of tht* ]ini{iiT aircnt of tin* linr or liiiniuiiiy |i<>rfunnini; the 
M'r\ i« r -liiriiM U* a|»|ii'nili><l to the aciimnt. -rttini; forth that r«ii<'h rati'?* W(*n* the 
rurn-nl anil jowt-l rati-s rliar^ji-*! th** piihlif at tin* tnn«* th** mtvi^*** wan n*n«li'n'«l. 
Whi'n rhart'i*^ -ui h a* •iniya^i'. wharlatri*, toll.-, i-i<*., an* nia«h' lu* jitirt of an aoMiiint, 
th«*\ will In* fully an<l !-<Miar:it4'lv M^t forth in tin* xoui-Iut. 

Itl^St. \Vhi*n piiMir tariffs ilo not inrliiih* ihi* •iHi'ilii* artii-lfs f>)iip|i«*fl. the nit<*a 
anil < la"'*ilit-aii>*n of :irti«-lff< analo'j'Mi- thi*n*io will L'«*\«'rn. If artirli'M anahitroni' caii 
n<»l 1«' fi'nn«l in the tariff li*>t^. thi* <N»ni|iani«'*> will U* nHiucr-tiil torlaM^ify tlK'anirli'fl 
tr:in-|i«»rt«tl 

I \\i>*i.|{\M AM> lt<iM»- \tl>t n Kill Ko\Iir». 

14^1. < irni'nil onh'r« will U* i**><ntil ('••ntainiii;; full inforination a^ to land-^raiit 
;tii.| )M.|)il.:iiit«il miln'aiN. ami liini-tinL; thi* iiH^h'of Htatiiiir aii«I n-ndiTinir H«iH>iintii 
oj ••nrh r<t.<i)« f-r iitilitarv tniii*>|Mtrtati«in. 

l!l^5. <^ii.irtfriiia^tin< will l^* il«-«<i;;nati-«l r«> ntfiic uii<l pn*|*;in* tin* u«i-<iiintf< of 
th«--*" r.iilr<>;i«l •-■■iii|«:ilii«-'-. 

I loiniM. \Nh t«ji ir\oi . 

Itl^H. \ talJi* "howiiii: rhf pri«-«' of i-lothin,; aii«l «•<|lli|•;lt^• for th«* Army, tlie 
ail«'Warii •'••!< I'^thinij i:i kiinl to i-arh ?*o|«)ii-r f"r i-at h vt-ar tif hi*> fiiii*>Ini«'nt. ainl hiit 
i-|<'thiii;j i)i>>ii«\ .I'llow.iiii- • Imt f-ai li \«Mr aifl ilas lhi*n-iil. al-o thi* allowaiii*!* of ftini- 
imt:*- t-i •ttlji-t r* aipl t'lili-ffl infii. will U* pul>li"h«-«l in ••rili'n< 

l!l^7. l!-tinia(< « « I • I'llhiiik' aii'l *-i|ni|i:i;^- w ill U- iiia*!*- •piart«*rl\ a*> ft'lltiw*; <ln 
.laiiM.ir> 1 lor ,i "Upi-lx t>i l.i-I niitil .luni- i>>: "ti \pril 1. until S-pti'inUT .'Ui: •>ri.fiily 
I. nntit IKi •inU r ::i ; "U thuAm-T 1. nntil Xf.in-lt .:i. I*.ai-!i t-ninpany or <t«-t:ii-hiii«*iit 
initiiTii.iipt* r w ill pn |>;ir«* tlp-^- t-<*tiiiiat*"- "H thi- pn-<H rili«^I fitriii an«l forward unt* 
«iip\ \., tf,i- i^i-t i-iitiiiiian<lt'r at thf l»i-<jiiiiiii.j ••! th*- |« ti-mI t'-ir whii h th«> <*"tinuit«* in 
nia'li-. Tfi* > \N li! !• h.i««-<| I. It (h«-.iiith><ri/i-<l -*r< ii^'th ••! tht- • ■•niniand and w ill ^how 
thi' •piaiif :(u-« .11. d -i/*"* "i til*- .irtii-l*— ri'<|iiiri d .ii.<l ••: tI.i'«* ••!! hanil. 

14^^. Th** |"i-t • oiMinandi'r. altt-r « ar> !*ii ri\i-i<iii ••! tin— •• «-"tiiiiaIi*'>. will t-ailfte 

rhi' •piartfr'i..i'-Ti-t t ii-ilidatt- lli«-ni ;itid add -iii li .irti<]*-a» iiia\ !■■ itc«'<h'<l fi»r 

|Mr.( |.i]r|--t. ; r tlii- "iiMi*- |m ri*"! ( '••iiip.iii\ or ih tai hriM ttl t-<tiiiiat«-» will )«• 
r»i.iiiM-d ill t!..- ..!!■. •■ ..f tin- <|ii.irtt'riiia«t«T l-r tin- irii- rinathin and tfiii*Liii«-f '*i th<««i* 
• • 'ill •■rii* ' I 

l!i^9. rii<- •; i.irtirnia-tt r will f<Tw.ird. rhroiuh th<- n-L'nhir • huiiiit-l. Iw<i •-npiifi 

€•( till «••!... .;..(.ti«-.| |«..| I •.1iiii;itf->. ti tilt- • |i:< f ■, ..irt«rm.i-!iT ••! tin- ih-liiirtinc'nt, 

«•• • rtpiiri." d l'\ .1 -t.iti li.tii! *h"W II.-,: till .irti" i» - --r • I-.tl.iTj;* aiia-i if\ iin» oi/t-* , itpii' 
l^iU** . ;»'id «...!?• T:,d- -ii haiid at tin- |--t :>• • v- • «- •■; •},,■ ri-*(tiirfriti nfa of thf -v-ri i«i» 
fi-r !l t- j- T -I •..\.ri-l |i\ th*' •-r:ii..iti < •■ . • -^ ,.irlt niia-ti r- m:1I ri'|«>rt t«» tin* 
i^ii.irtt rrii.i-*ir <••(.• r.t! au\ iiniitti *-.ir > .i< • <iiiii4i.i!i>>ii ,,{ t|i.|hiii«; '-r «'*|in|*aA;<' at a 
l-i-t. 



17() 



CLOTHIXCl. 



1390. Aftor n*visioii and approvul of the im)^! efitimates at (ie)mrtini*nt head 
quarttTH, tin* <'hivf (luartonnaHter will forwani the Humo so a^ to n»ach the Qiiarter- 
uiastiT-tu'iK'nirH OHici* not later than February 1, May 1, Au^iint 1, and Noveiiiher 
1, res|Krtiveiy. 

l!l91. If at the time estiniateH an' pri'piirefl it ]h* known that any of the troo|« 
are to ehan^e station, their estimates will not Ih^ inehuUMl in the |NiHt cvthnateH, but 
will 1k» forwanltMl M*j>iirately. The new station to whieh the su|>i>lieHKhoul(l l>e sent 
will 1k» state* I. 

t*MU* Should th«' quantity of elothin^ and i'4iuii>a^'supplie<l uinm the iH-'ricMiieal 
estimates ])roYe ina<liM|uate, a s|HH'ial estimate in dupli('iit«% fnvin^ niisonn therefor, 
should 1k> made and forwarde<l throu;rh ])n)|H*r ehijniH'ls to the (juartennaMter- 
Ueneral. 

IS^!!. Otiieers of the rceruitin^; siTviii* will, prior to the Uvinidnv; of eairh quar- 
ter, forwani estimate's for a thn'r months* supply uf elothin^ ami 4*<]uii>a^* for their 
n^siKH-live stations to thr Adjntant-< ifUfnil <if the Army, who, after n'vision, will 
tniiismit thom to the i^uarttTmastrr-C it'nenil. Thesi' estimates, whirh will be 
rt»stri4'ted to the smallest (piantity al»solut«*ly ntni'ssary to the comfort of the men 
eomiN>sin^ their detaehments, will }>e made in eluplicatf and will Itearconiitanied by 
a list of such articles as may In' on hand and not nnpiin^d for use duriuj^ the |>orio<l 
estinuitf*! for. 

l!l9-l. Clothing' and cquii>;i^'e re<iuire<l by the en^inciT liattalions, onlnanoe 
deta<"hments and <lrta«'hmcnts of the Si^'ual Corps will 1h' e^timat*Hl f<ir at the dates 
and for tiie jhtIimIs indieati^l in it:ini^niph 12S7. The estimates will \n* made in 
duplicate and for\\anle<l to the chiefs <•! the n*sp«»ctive <'or|>s, who, after n*vision, 
will tninsmit them to the (^uartermaster-denenil. 

l!l9*'(. Aft«'r the clothinu' and e'tpiipa^e are nnvivtHl at a {Ntst, the quarteniiaiiter 
will maki' issues in such tpiantities and at such timc^ as the com]»any or <leta(*hinent 
commanders ntay ivquire and as may U' approval by the (M>st comnumder. No 
issues of pirments of laoxer sizes than an* actually neeileil will 1h* made for the 
pur|Nisi^ of altering them intu smaller si/es. 

l!l96. All otiieers making estimat<*s or reipiisition*^ furclitthin^; aixl eipiiimise will 
conform t>i re«ridations and tirders lixin>r allowan<*<'s. Th«' following tables sliow the 
pn>iM)rtinn of si/.es ti» each hundn*"! of the arti«'les: 



Arlii-li- 



.•«i/i'<« ami |in>]Nirli«>li*> nf mrh. 



«ii •-; ~ v; 7; 7i 



Tiilal. 



Ilclllil-fx 

riitMiuiiKn litii" . 
Kiiruui' ijip- . . . 

ClUiMl'* « lip- 



Arjuli- 



Hi Mil- 

>h<>f> 

riiii<>riri "Ir- «■>• I iMiJ- ... . 

I l\i-T* «i.il» 

hiiiiiHi »i .... 

( 'ii!i\ .i> |.il:^'i)> I •Ml- 

SCaM> IPH k" 

I'h'li r^liii'v ki .1 

• >\i i>h:r'> i!.ir k-Mu<- !l<tiiii< 

Iriiii-ir- k< r-. I . . . 

I ni:i-< r* •« ,'1.1 ;• r . . 

I ri»'i-i r- I ii!\ I- iu;:i;-ii' . . . 
I>r)l\li I- i :tli!> !. :'.ii>iii 1 

riiii\:i>> luir!' n- 

Fur L':i>Mit.> t- 



Ill 
!<• 
|i> 
111 
I • 

'i 
!'► 
Ill 
I.. 



,. I 
'.'.I 
■J*i 
■J" 
i". 
.'■•"■ 
.:r. 
'i 
■.'<» 
-.■•I 
■.' . 

>■• 



(• 


■Jl 


:;i 


X 


l-J 


1 


100 


ll 


■J I ■ 


::i 


J»i 


IJ 


4 


100 


• • 


J I 


M 


•_'«i 


11! 


1 


100 


1. 


Jl 


:-.l 


If. 


'\1 


4 


100 



si /I -. .,iii| |>rii|Hirtii>ii« ii; I'luli. 

- ToUl. 

I "• I. 7 > '.I Ii« 11 VJ 



:'.ii 
.".It 
.ill 

..II 
.Is 

:> 
1^ 
.:«• 
:*.ii 



•J.". 
•J I 
■-■'I 
III 
1 • 
I'. 
I • 
J" 
.■ji 



■ i 
I . 



li> 

I I 

I . 

'i 



M ;;i 
11 M 
I 



I 



III 



.'• 1(1 .'• Ill III .'i .'• 

.■"i . . . . 

•* 



:io .'ill j«i . . 



lUU 

ido 
\w 

100 

luo 
uu 

lUO 
100 

luo 
\vo 

100 

luo 

100 
lUO 



CLOTHING. 177 

Thi* mfA*tt U\ni\ti\HH\ n*«iiiiro wn- Httlr, if any, alteration, and ('«(tiniat«>f< hIiouM lie 
madi* an miir th<* exact nH]uin'inenti< of tlu* nit*n a^ {Mwiblc. 

I)I97. SlionM any «>f t}i<> t*i7A*>* of i-lothin}; Hixn'itUMl in the fonv«>in^ i*ara(rraph 
prove inaile<|iiate. ni4>ai«nn'nientH Htat4>4l uiM»n pres4'riU><I blankn \iill )m* forwanleil 
witli the «T<tiinate for the )rann(*ntK A 4'ertifirate that the enli!<te<I man for \%}ioni 
HU« h rlothin^ in inten<ie«i can not lM*(itti*«i with the^ize:' of clotliin^ fiinitHh<><l nhoiild 
a4*t'<>iii|itiny each reipiiMtion. A<l<liti4»nal roM nf nianiifaetun>. at* ^iven in annual 
price li>*t, Hill 1h* <*har^*«l in each can*. 

I)l9ti. CnniaiU* unifonn ctttitn. hloiimf<, an<l tntumTH will U> Hipplii*il for innne in 
H|N'<'iaI cahtf to «*nli»<t4*<l ni«*n at <*oHt of niaterialM. T}i«*y will lie olitaineil from the 
i^iiartennai^terV lK*|»artment in the name mann«'r m* other articles* of clothing, anil it 
ii* nui«h* the <liity '*( commanding o(K4*4*r>< to h*<* that thi.- clothing, when nia^h*. c<m- 
foniiH ftrictly toMamlanl imtternH. Tlie mat«'rialM for eacti citat, hloiute, or |iair of 
tn»tiM*n>. with the iMittonr*, threail, nin-dle^i, and all niHt^MNnry trimminKH, will W* 
rrilleil in a hiindle. which will U* Miiirely fa^tentil anfl markiil with tlie Hiz4* of the 
jpinnenl. 

I)I99. When iinmaile articl«>»< of di^thiiiK' re<*eiv«'«l hy ofii<fn* at military |MiHti* 
arc fouml to U* inmmpleti* luit otherwin* in ^tMMl ci»nditii)n. they will not Ih> rnil>- 
mittttl to an innixi-tor for<-ondemnatiftn. hut will !»<• tiinieil over to the n«*an'>t iiiaiiu- 
(actunntr d«-|Mit u* U* (*om|»lct4il; ur a n*i|ui.-ition for the miM-inv; {larti* may U* maile. 

I^OO. The cl«»t hint; er«timat«'«l f<»r hy <*atch coiniiany or detai'hment commander 
nhouM. ;i^ a nile. U> held r*uhje«'t to itn want^, Imt in i*:iM- of nc^tl it may Im* otherwim* 
if«<u«'«l, and the i|iiartenu:i^tcr will then iidl for a r<utttcifnt <|uantity ti> n^plaii* it if 
n«*«ifl««irv. 

• 

I30I. WtifU clothing i.- re« I uin*il a «4*hc«liilc tMiunifralinv; the articlcri nei*«le«l hy 
<*a4'h man anil the money >uIu<*of each urticlr will U* pn'fiani! hy tin* <*)»m|i:iny or 
ileia4')imfnt coniman«h'r on thr pnTsriUii fonn. Thi- wluNhih*, appntV4il hy tlie 
commandiiiv! ottici-r. uill U'^-nt to thc<|uartfrniiL<>lcr anil wIhmi the clothing \f* ri>ady 
f(*r iN-U4* the coniman<l<*r 4it thcor;::ini/4ition will U* noritie<l. Iw*u«'> will Iw math* hy 
tlie 4iUiin4'rmiL*<tcr in the pn^^MH-c of th4* oMiimandcr i»f tlu* orirani/^ition or other 
ci>mmiK"iori*it ntlicfr n*pn'.*4'ntin^ him. who will witnc^f- th«- ^i^'natu^f• of thf >o|* 
«li4*n> U{M>ii th«- -I he* In If. and lhi> w ill In> rcturiii-il to tlx* comn andcr of tUv ••n:ani/A- 
tion with ihr (i-rtitii-atc of tin* <piart«'rnia.«t4r that tin* :irti< li*?* H|>4*«*iti«tl havi- all U^n 
iM*uc«l. 

Till* nuiiilH r 'if «-ai h artit-h* anil tin* tidal \al(i** "f all th<* arliclf»> i*4^U4<il to fach 
4>nnini/atii>n vmII In- cnt^n-*! h\ thf «{uart«'niia*>tiT M|»<»n •luplicat4' alMnn in of i««*.U4»H. 

Th»' a i:r«-jal«- ni«in«'y vahh* of all the arti«l»- i««?»uc»l mu-t airn*«« f\a«'tly with the 
atorri-irat*- mi'mi* **i i**:-U(f* t** inili\iduai«*. an^I th** u iini'*«»int; ottiii*r i\ill ntak4* thif* 
vcrilii atii.h ••I thi* accunu\ fi th*- m li<-«hili' !•• i-'M • i-rtifx iriir ti» tin* ••«irn««-tnc«^ ••f tin* 
••litri*- HI* til tlif al*«tr.u t. 

Thr « oinniiiiidi-r nf th«* ••r^nini/jilii'n will •iTtji\ ..ij *«nli «»»p> "f iIm* al^»traci that 
tlif rtti>tit\ x.iliK* ••• th<- i»ui> til i-at h iitaii ha- Im-iIi ititi-nil iu the < l<if hin^* ImmiU an<l 
tin* \* itiH •"•iiji; ••t!iii-r will ifrtd) that fli»- i— n* * «• n- lu.eli- a- -!al«-<l in th** •^•h«*ihile 
an«! 4it>*>tr.ii t If the i«iiiiman<h'r U* al-* tin witin— in;: ••itinT. In* will -urn U»tli 
ifrtitii .!!•••■ Thi'**' ••ntri«-« in th«* ihithink' •••-•k. xiith da!«- "i i-^nr and naiiif nf 
«|M.irtt riii.i-iii. willU' atti'*t»'»l h\ tin* witm-fMik' ••lln'-r TIh- at^tra* t 4ii'rtilit<l ai* 
ri^iuirtil »l>>\*-. oi^rni"! h\ ih«> «itiartiriiia!>t« r ami .i|*pr<*\<^t l>\ thf < ••miaiani|iii|f 
ottic* r. u ill !••• thf \iiiii-hi>r l->r ilroppiii;; <-l<»thiii;: lri>iii tli*- n-tiini 

ISI04. At iini^rri*«>iif<l i^r i-«ilaf«'d <-tati<«ti* \« hf ri it i> iiii|ir.ii In ahl** t** ha\f the 
'\*^\i* \% :tii*-«!><«-l a- ri-'iti.rf"! l»y |arai!raph I ;«'l, th*- mii\\ iim -m"*! rf» «'ipf»» ••( n»fn for 
I I'lth.iijj J-^'i*-*! to thfiii u ill !•!> \i>ii« hfr- ti' thf riturit- ••( ill*- i«i^niin; ••ltic»-f .It t nin- 
|iutii*-«l f'\ hi* «Tirti!ii afi* that hf ha- « harvi-l 'Ij tl.iir • Kithiiiir an funl^ thf iii« nc V 
valuf «il till- artii U— i««i)«tl "T Uiv* ni'titi***! thf \'r**\»'r ••t!i4«T to mak«* piiih rhary**- 
281H {rj — 13 



168 STREET CARS SLEEPING AND PARLOR CARS, 

the ofiic'erH Hubmitting them will certify that the ticketn an* for xuv: in nu*cvenger 
eerviiv in the public biisinivs. The tieketn when pnn'hawNl will 1h» taken up <m the 
return and expendi^l solely in the iK?rfonnance of ni('ss4'nj;»*r nerviee on public duty. 
In eaiH»H where HtnM»t-car or ferry eoniiMinii*H have no tickets fc>r sale, ri'inibun>ement 
for fare i«id may 1k» !iia<ie on a servic<» voucher. 

1333, The following |M*rsonH an^ entitled, at public exitense, to a double bt.*rth in 
a sleeping car, or to the customary stat en Nim lU'commodations on steamers, where 
extm chaiye is matle for the same: Oflicers of the Army tniveling (»n duty with 
tnn^pp; Anny nurs«»s, civilian clerks, and a^'Uts in tlu» military scrvi<H», when trav- 
eling under onlers on public business; seoreant -majors (n>gimental, luittalion, or 
s(iuadn>n), onlnance, commissary (]M»st or n^imental), (juarterma^ter ({Nkst or re|^- 
mental), and electrician s<>r>;(>ants, hospital stewanls. chief musicians, chief trumpet- 
ers, principal musicians, tirst s*'rgi»jints, and s<»rjreants of th«* Signal (\»rp»», when 
tniveling under onlers on public business withotit tnM)ps; also invali<l soldiers, when 
so traveling on the (vrtilicate of a mnlical ofli<Tr showing the necessity the«»for. 

When the nundK»r <>f officers tniveling with tnntps is tiM> small to justify the hire 
by the Quartennaster*s iH'partment of a standanl shvping car for their atTommoda- 
tion, they shall Ix' furnishiHl with such ]>art of a tourist skn^ping car, or other Kuitable 
sUn^ping <*ar, pn>iHTly curtaintNl off for their aceoinnuMlation, as the Quartermaster's 
Dt»I>artment may provide for their use during the journey. 

133:1. Qiiartennasters providing parlor and sleeping car aeeoiiiiiio<lationH will 
iHBue nH] nests then»for, and state tlien'in the iiumlH-r (►! IhtiIis or s*»ats nKjuinil. 

1334. When a jouniey is to U« {H'rforiiuHl covering the route ai more tlian one 
sleeping or jwirlor car, s«»i)arate nt|ue.«<ts will U- issued f(tr accoinnitxlations in eaeh 
car in which the jK-rs^m is to travel. 

Itl35. The holder of a n><|Ui*st which calls for >leeping <ir ]i;irlnr car iu*comino4la- 
tions will nt-eipt for the numlnT of InTths or seats fnrnislie<l. naming the i>ointa 
lietween which thev were furnishe<l. 

■ 

1436. ]\>rsons holding nMpiests for sleeping or ]>Jir1or car accmiinKHlat ions will, 
whenev«'r pnu-ticable, pn'si'iit them to the pro|H>r agi-nt ami ulitain tickets for the 
nundnT of In^rths or seats reipiinMl iM'fore coiniiienciuir the jnuniey. When not 
pnu'ticable to do so, InTths or .»*eats will 1k» secnnMl from the conductor of the «'ar. 

l!ll3T. S|N>cial sU*oping or )>arlor (*ars will not be chartered when tlie ex|H*nfle 
excetnls the cost of the In-rths or wats authori/.e<l to U- IMrni^<helI. 

. 1)I3M. When it is impnictiiiible for agi*nt> or coiidnctni> ti» furnish U'rths or strata 
in sleeping or parlor cars, the holder of the nMpiot will, on the termination of hia 
journey, n'turn it U* the i.'^suing ollictT with a -tateuM-nt of the n-asons why it hritf not 
iK'en usi><l. and that titKntT will acoumt for it on his return. 

1439. The (^uartiTinib-ter's iH'partment will pay accnunt^ f>*r sleeping and )iar]or 
car acconiiiKMlatitins when mad^' out in the name ni' the cMinpHny furnishing them, 
and Ui.H>fl niMiu niiui'>ts isHieil by t|uai'(crinasters. In H>ttlenient it will not allow 
for a gn>ater nunilwr itf lH'rth<«>r S4>ats than i'^ tailed fi>r in the n-ipiest, although 
mon* may have U-cn receipted f«»r: and when a le^^s ninnber has iH'cn re<'eipteti for 
than the n^iuot mentiim^, it will |iiiy in accnrdanci* with the rereipt. When the 
n"ceipt covers a irreater numln-r of UTths m- seat«^ than l> ealled fur in the nipiest, the 
ilisbursing «itlici'r will rejMirt the Iju't t«i the (^nartenna>ier-< ieiieral, but ]iHyuient 
for the authori/<il numUT will not U* d«'layed. 

Id-lO. .\n oilicer tr.t\eling with tPNip<4 wIim incurs expeiiM* for auih)iriz«'«l sleei>- 
ing or |Kirl<ir car ai'i-'iinin«Mlations. wImmi it is irnpraeiicaMe ti> obtain a H'lpieM there- 
f«>r, will K* reinibijpH'il hy the (juarterinast4T's heparlnient. u]Nin appliiration 
sup|Mirteit by a receipt fur the amount |>:tid by him and a cnpy <>i the <>nlers under 
Hhich theJMurncy was iterfornuil. 



TBAN8POBTATTOX OF BAOOAOK. 



ir,9 



TRANKI'<»KTATloN t>K HA()UA<iK. 



I)MI. Ill chiuifntiK HUitiim hii ofTitvr'H anthorizt^ii hIIowaikv of luHocmr** will \ye 
tunif«l ovtT to ;i qtiartemiai<t(T for tranH|N)rtatioii iv* fM^lit hy onltimry freight liiu'S. 

I)M4. Tlirlja^opifctM4» }M*tnuiK]M»rt4*<lut |>uMircx|N-nm% iiirludin^ iii«*}*< (*lu-}*ti« and 
p(*r)«»iuil lui^QOftfTt', ii|M»ii rliati)^* of Htation will iii»t cxnt'il tht* following wci^hti*: 



Rank. 



M«j4ir-ffi*ni'ntl 

Riin<ll*Tirvii«*niI 

FleW urtniT 

CVipuiii 

Hi*! i It'll i**riitiit 

Krr«ii)«l lliMiti'rmiit Miiil v«*t«'rlnftrUn 

Artlnir nwiMant ^iinritin 

HkaU milt rvKimnital iMiiHiifnnii!«l4in<*<l nttkit offlctT. hiw>|iltAl MciKiinl. rhicf 
mnairlmi. M>nr«'«iit of the Hiiniftl <*'ir|i*'. fii)iia<lntii aihI Imtuliun M-nrtitot- 
nuiji>i>. each 



In the 


ChafiKHif 


tli'M. 


i>Uti«*n. 


htumh. 


hmmth. 


1.(H0 


3..V0 


7(W 


2.H0U 


hOb 


2.400 


•MO 


2.000 


l.'4> 


1.700 


XH) 


l.fiUO 


IM 


i.aoo 



noo 



For otlictTxaiKl otli4*rH in th«*a)M»v«* lint, ^1i«mi miluirkiii^ nn<i«'r onlt*iv for ('Xt4*n<i(*d 
HiTviiv ov<*r th<* Ht*a and for duty in Al;u*ka. arxl n|Min rlian^rt' of station in Alanka 
afid in itlait*?* )H*yond th«* limits of tti<* Stat4*»< r<»ni|M»;<in^ tlif Cnion. in* ui*ll um ii|M>n 
ri'tnni !•» tlio »*aid Stattf, thr allowan<*t* t»f )tainri4r«* to U* trunH]Nirt«*il hy th«* Quart*»r- 
niaf<t«*r**« IVjiartnH'nt from initial |M»int ti* |Hirt of cniUirkation and from |M)rt of 
il«•^tination to ^arri*Min station uill U* tlin*** tini«> ttit* ullt»wani'«* |irfM*rili«*il aUtve 
for chants* of i^tation. 

Till' ftniviMonHof ttii!« |iaraKnipli will al-ticxtfitil to oti'i<*«*n< w)i(»an*onl<*n-*l tfMluty 
in .\lu>ka or tin* Uland of (iiiani, and the Kiiiif lnin^|Mirtation allowano* \iill )« 
trninttil t«i otti«vn« on rlian^i* of station in <'iiUi, Porto Hunt, th«* l*hili|)|iin«* Nlandit, 
llauaii. Alai-ka. unii tttiani. and «in n*tuni tn tin* I'nititl Stat4*N. 

ThtiH* all«iuan<*«*»* an* in *'Xi*«"j»« of th«* Ufijlitf. inin-|Hirt«'<l fn-** of i^haru** uiuU'r the 
nyidar fan-M \*y {iulilir I'sirrit'p*. Th«*v may 1h* r«*«lii<-i'<I |in» rata l»y tin* t-ommainding 
ofri**«r. if ni'<i'w*ar\, anil may, in H|i«*('ial i-um-., !•«• iiM-n';L*4*<l liy tin* War lK*|t:irtmi*nt 
on tnin«|i*>ri- l»y i^atcr. S)ii|imi*ntf **i o(ti<-«-p<>' all'i\%aii<-«< nf liainnu^* will in all i-ai«i« 
In* nia«lf at rarnrr'" ri'^k. inrlmliniir tlioM>o\iT r<<ad- u li«'n* tariff}* |>rovi«lf for «*xtrB 
rharp* tln-n-ft-r. An "irni.r d<*taili**l for dui\ in a f«in'i;rn <'«»nntr\ ;ii» a military 
atta«'ht* i>* <*iiiitlc<l t«> tnin«|Mirtation nf proff-.oji.iuil UNik-and |ia|Hr» an«l tlii' ntim- 
U-r of |Miimd'« "f ]i«*n*iinal Uiionur** '•|N'«-iti«-il m th«- aUix*- t.iMv unl) . 

1^4^. T)i«* «jiiart«'niiar>trr**« iH'iiartmfnl will tniii«|«irt i}i«- antlion/tNl i-lmn^* of 
{■tatitin alloMani-i* of Im-.'^uifi* an«l |*r«ifi-^i«inai It'-'koand |4t|ii*p> ftirottiiiTHtir <*nliMfil 
niffi Uj-in rftin-iiM-iii. «ir uli«idii* in tin* "M-rx h • , fr.iin tlnir lu.-t «luty >!a!i"»n- I** >»u«*h 
|»Laii*<i M if hill till* limit** «if tin* l'nit«'<! StaI«-<* a- m.iv )m- tin* InHiif?- nf tli«ir faiiiilif«, 
or a» may \n iti-i^'iiatiit l»y tlM«ir hifal r»-|in •« titaii\t'*> "r •■x»'«iitor» 

Itl-ii. Traii>*|»iriati<'n ''f ilianun* **i -latW'it .itlnM.iiti t of t>airknur«* >*• aiitliori/«-il for 
fiiK'li •••ntr.M't Mir^MNiii- if* may !■■ ••m|>|n\**«l. \«?.« i. tht \ j>.tii ii.r tlnty tindt-r flit- tin*t 
onl«'r. :iitd al-'i oii n*tiirii t*> tht-ir liotiM-« «>ii *lit ri-riiiiii.itioii ^f tin ir i-i»iitni«'t«. if pnv 
\id«-il f«>r lit ih«- 1 t.titrai t" < ini'liiati'^ nf t)tt- M.'.!t.ir\ \iadt-iii\ and ntliii<r« pr"i>iolrd 
frnm thf fiink" \«ill U- ftiriiir*lifil \iith tni(i«|»'n.iti'*ii t^r fii-ld allnuaitif' t Ui^rmMfe 
oil lliiirtir-t a— ijniiM nt tnihitv a* < ••mini'— ixiitti ••iliti-r* With tht-<^ i-xn-ptionn, 
tniit-|*irfaiiori *4 Kik'k'ac*' at piihlii- f\|M*n*«- i* ift .«*ithiin/«<«l f^r ••tti<i-ro ;ntiiiti^ fi»r 
• htt\ nn tir^t a|«|«>iiitmi-iit In iiiilitiir> •••>r\ii*. n-r M|i"ii nin-tatfitit nt -r riMpimint- 
nifhl. ti'>r tni-ffttt tran«ifT^ fnimoiu* r«im|Hiti\ or n-jiNM-iit t.i .iiftht r .i* th* r«'<|iii«t*t 
of iMrth-- traii-^-rffl « »lliif'r*» onli-n**! ••!» i»'ni|>nr.ir\ -hilx ,iri ii-il ♦■r.':i;id t«>*urh 
lr«ii*|*<rtali"ii It* li*-'i *4 th«* allnuani*' .iiittit«n/i-^i .i. {^ir.i;:r.i|*ti I. 'I'.', .iii 'ittii-tT 
il4*tmtl«-<l aiiattU4-lH- i**-iiiitl4'*l t** hH\f hi* ftili alloHanit- iniii»|«irf«'«l fr»im thf \ttmt he 



170 TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIKS. 

leaven t<» liiH homo, or to the nearet^t eonvenient placvof ntorajje, aii<l uiM>n renuiiiing 
duty ill thin eoiintry fnuii Hurh platv of ntorage to his j^ost of <hity. While on joiinieyt« 
perfoniit'4l in fortM^n countri(>H, at* an atta(*h^% the cost of tnms|H>rtiiig his ]M*rHonal 
bag);a^^ eiin not Ik* paid by th«» (2uarternia.Mter'H Department. 

13-15. The Quartermaster'n IV|ttirlment will furni.^h trans]M>rtation for the pn»- 
8cril>e<l n*^imental and c'om|>any (lesks, for the IkhjIch, pajH-TH, and instrumentH of 
staff otfieern necessary to the |HTformance of their duties, and for the medical <-h<'9it4« 
of nHsHcal oflTiccrs; also for the pnifesnional IxMtks, including standanl workn of 
fiction, of otfKrers chan^in^ station, oflicers onlen*d honu> for retirement, ^ra«liiut(>t4 of 
the Military Academy, and (»tiicer8 joining on limt apfxtintment, which they certify 
belong to them and |K'rtain to their <»tiicia1 duties; also the profi'SHionallMMikr* of 
hospital stewanlH changing station, not excee<Iing two hundnni {NttnidH in weight. 
Invoiccis of i>iickages tunuNl over to the shipping <>l!iccr will l)e acttMuiianied by the 
certilicate of the otiiccriis U* character of iNHtks, and a certitietl <'opy will lie attac^hed 
to the bill of lading issue<l at the initial point of shi[)inent. Th(> certificate at* to the 
character of the iNMiksof a hospital steward will Ih* given by the meiiical officer 
under whom he last s<»rvt»<l. 

TKANSI»<)KTATloN OF SI'I*I»LIF>i. 

Iil46. Quartermasters will, prior to shipment, s<'rurely pack, s<*al, and weigh all 
quartennustcr's supplies, if practicable. 

l!ll-17. Qiuirtermasters and agents shipping; public prniH*rty or l)aggage will mark 
ever}' luickagi* with the name and station of the f>flieer to whom <>on.«<igne4l, and will 
numl)er them conse<'Utively. Packages of tpiartermaster's supplies shotdd, so far as 
pnu'ticable, U'ar cons«'<'utive nunil»ers, to \h' pn'eetleil or toIlowe<l by the nundjem 
given to the pai'kagcs of other clas^^•s of pro|H*rty !-hip|K'd at the same time; but no 
two packages of the same shipment will In^ar the s;ime numU'r. «'X<-ept in ca:HM)f 
n»shipment of packa;jres ain'aily mimU'nMl. When supplies are ship{KNl in large 
quantitii's, anil in pa<'kages of lik«> dimensions and weight. mmiUTing may lie 
omitte<1. In cases of n'shipment, stores will U* n^-markiHl it neee^s;iry by the oflicer 
re<|uire<l to reship them. 

l!il4W. Otlicers turning over pn»iK»rty t«t a nuart*Tiiia«it«'r for tRins|M>rtation will 
plainly mark ea<'h {uickage with the name and addrer^s of ritiisign***', a list of itis 
contents, its weight, an<I "T. S." 

1349. An otlicerwho turns over supplies to another for tnin>|Hirlation in the lN?Ht 
condition in which it is ])o>.«ibIe to put them is relie\ed fmm any further h'sik)!!!!!- 
bility then'for by tlu' riM-eipt «il the ollieer t«i whom they are iiitrust«Ml for tnuisjior 
tation. Shtiuld the olIiciT to wh<»m the stores an' eon-iirned •liscover damagi* or 
deficieui-y. h«' will apply for a iManl itl surve> . U'fnre which all c<»m*erned will lie 
heanl in fn^rson or by de{Mi:«ition. The lM>anl will asi'iTtain and determine the amount 
and condition of the sti»re* aetually ileliv«'red to the re(ei\iipj«»irH"er. who will retvipt 
to the ol!i<-er intni**te<I with their trans|Mirtalioii i'mp the a;n<>nnt and quantity tH> 
determine*!. The latter oi!ii«T will U- held re>|M»n>ible for all tlarnage'* or deticiency, 
unK'ss relieve<l tben'tmin by the rept)rt of the Iniard of >.urvry. duly approviil by the 
reviewing authority. 

Itl50. When a quarterina.-ler nM'eiv«'> supplie>, tran^porti'd hy a tumniori i-arrier 
under airre«-mi'nt with tlu' (^uartiTinaster's I>e|i;trtment. which ilo imt c4irrt>s{Nind t4i 
the in\oice li«>i*:iu»e c»f dania'j«* or deficiency imt attriitutabl** !»• onlinarv li»!<<< or 
wastaife. the facts will U* lullv irive».tiir:ite«l b\ a bnard nf ^^urvev (unless the carrier 
vohmtariU assumes liabilitx tor the lit***') anti the nmni-v valui* t*\ th«' damaire or 
deticiemy w ill U* charjji**! t<» the party re^jMiu-ibli' thcrelor. w ln-ther the «*hippin]|t 
otiicer i»r carrirr. The authority which calls the Kianl will, a* simhi a«* |NK-siblt*, 
f/?ii}.-mit cnpi<*« of it-> priNMfilinirs to tlie forwardim; anil recei\int: otlicers and to the 
r>///Vir'r/i/i///i>n>!if/ r< I |i;iy the account. Incase the i\-<i^ion.''ibility i*< li\i*«l ujMtn the 



TRANSPORTATION FoR EXKCTTIVK DKPAKTMKNTS. l7l 

cmiTi«*r, th<* ntviviii^ oflicvr will imtr on xhv \n\\ <>f Ia<linL' tlir iliiliirtimiH which 
0h<MiM In* iiuuU* for mich hwv or daiiiup' l»v tlic 4|iiart«'niiii>tcr whn ]K\\'r* tlu* uitiuint. 
The latti'r will tiiakr tht* (liNlnctiini and rctuixl tht* ainoiiiit MopiMtl to the projitT 
(lc|ittrtni«*iit. ill the following]: inaniuT. for cxuiniih': If from uii ai*(itunt of $ UK I for 
trHib<iiortatioti Her\'i<t'»» then* im a <le4hi(*tion of ^'J."! for onlnaiici' fti»m* N^t, the (|iiar- 
teniiafterwill take enilit iin<lerthe head " Tniii^|Nirtation of the Army" for'fT.') {laiii 
to th** carrier, ami alf«o for $25 (le]Niyit4tl to tin* crcilit of the Trea>un'r of the rtiit4««) 
Stat«-»« oil lut-ouiit of the OnlnaiKv m'|i;irtm<>iit-. hut if th«* d(Mliirti<»ii i.o oii atiNniiit of 
fnra^- 1<M hy tlie carrier, he will tak«' cnnlit on hi^ a(*<'«>uiit ciirn*nt, un(l«*r tnim>|M>r- 
tatioii, for $2*^ lu* «*arric*<l to "Ki^iilar Stip|>li«-s/* iiiitler which head he will char^n* 
hitiiM*lf with that amount. 

Itftll. TraiiH|M>rtation hy ex|>rei«<, when in 4'X<-«*^s <if rt*n\ hy onlinary fn*i^ht, 
niii><t 1m* liiiiite<l to eiiieiveneieH. and voiichen^ in |>:iynient iiMHt ^how the emer>;eiicy 
aiid authority for Htich tniiiH|M»rtatii»n. I'lMin application approV(*<l hy the ih*|tart- 
nient ntiiimatid(*r, a <|iiarteniiaf«ter may tranniMirt pnhlic fluids hy expre^^. In Hiich 
t'Umti he will n*«-eipt i»nly for hi manyMtileil |>;ickauM**< ><iid to contain mi much piihlie 
nioiu'y. \Vh(*n an a)»M'nt tlii<hiirHin^ otIiciT M'lid.'' hi?* ch«'«'k to the onl«*r <if the 
4|iiartermaf*ter. n*<|iie}*tinK him to cxpn>H tin* amoniit nain^sl therein, the latter will 
nt'eipt for tli«* ju'tiial amount to U* tninH|Mirtiii. In ca>i<*of |o>*'iif fiindn hy unavoid- 
•hle a4*ciilent. the («hippin^ <ittu*«'r will not U* hcM n*>iHin'>ihle. and the otticer 
aiviiuntahh* for tin- fiuuli' mii>t H-«*k n*lief thron<.di apiilicatioii to the Court of <'liunin 
or to ( % in};n*t4'. 

TKANM'«iKT\T|oN M>|{ «»rilKK JiKrM.TMKMv 

l^tlA. The (^uartenii:ii<t«*r*H I^'|4irtmetit will -hip .ill fn'ii:!)! that may U>d«*liven*(l 
to it. •^•ciin-ly imcki*"! an«l pr»i|i»Tl> marki'<l. \'\ au\ "i tin- Km-i iitixe I^'|iiirtmentH 
or hiin-an^ «>f th«* < ioViTniiifiit. S*|t;irat«> hiil • ••! la>liiiL' ^\ ill Ih> n^i^l and the follo'M- 
int! n-'tatiiiii- inaiU' thi-n-on: "Paxahli* h\ tin- Tna-iir\ I^'parttiii-nt." "tin* Navy 
I>e|iartmi'nt." "th«* InttTior I>e|iartiii«'iit." "tin- Nafional MM»«*iini." "thi> I'niti**! 
Stat*-** Ki*h < '•tnimiw-i«»ii." %'Xf. Whfn praitj«al«lf. tht- Imrt-an !•• uhwh tin* freight 
|iertaiii?* will In* ^tati^l. for example: "PaxaMi- hx tin* Na\y I^|>jtrtnii-nt, Hureaii of 
nnlnainf." Amiunt- in «hiplifjit«'. ftipihirtt-*! hy tln-M- hill- ••! Ia«lin:;. will U* pre- 
|iar«x| li\ any •|nartiTm.L«tt*r to whom tin*) nia\ It- pri*«-iiti-il. and will In* forwanl«*il 
to till' <2'>*trt*'''ii>>*-''^**'''< M'litTal. In makiiik' up tli«- .iiiotint- th«* kmim* plan an to 

dedn* tioii oil a<- int of !and-;rnint "F Ihifi.! ai.li .1 ra;ln>.id- will U> purMi«*4l at* in 

aci ••lint- for tran-{M>rtatiiin of othiT < ft»MTriiiii-r.t pr><|i«Tt\ . 

I^A!l. Thf (^nanirni;t*t«'rV l^'partmnit :- aiirh'>n/«-<i fo •.hip 'iinili'r the nnnila- 
tion?* i;*ixi-rnini; the tran-|Hirtatioii ^if rmhrarx pro|.,-ri\ . and on thi- **ani«' foriiir* of 
hill- «•! l.Klin.' arti«li'- •lonati-*! to tin- \Ifilii-.i! ^Ill-• uui .it U'a^hiiiL'ton, thf lihrary 
and iiiM-t'iiiii of tin- Military Si-r\»»i* In-titiiti'-n at ««..M-rn'-r- NIand, N Y.. or thi» 
t*nit4->l Mail- Mtlitar\ Ataih'iiiy at \V«-t l'...i.t N V l*.i< k.tirt*^ will U* mark4*«l 
with th*- t.aiiH' o( thf in-titutioii. and -• nt in '.iri- ..t thi- di-|Mtt •|iiarti*rma^t4*r at 
\V.fhinL'ton of Nfw York, or tin* «|imrttTiii.i-»« r .it \\ • -t I*, ml. 

I^AI. \riii-. ••rdnaiH'f -tori'-, and 'jiiarti-riiui-tf r - -rij.|,hf», i<»iif«l t<* th«* •■••V4'nil 
Si«t4- aitd Ti-rritorji- nn-li-r tin- law- for ariu i.j' .ir.l ••('iippin;; ih»- imlitia. will In* 
tnriH^I o\. r ?•► th** <^u.irfi'nii.i-t«'r*«« I*«'|^irri[i< nt t.-r tr.iri-}>orrati>-n and drli\i*ry at 
th«- ratlr>ad thiN.t of -ti':iMii«i:it d«" k iM-an— t r». ?!i»' j".;iil w ithin tin- >Taf*' or Tfrri- 
ti»r\ •It— u'liiitfl hv thi* i:'»^«*nior thi'n*of **«p.ir.i». }.:; - ..| I.idjiifc' will !*• n«^**| in 
fi|iipp:iij till- profwrl). 

I^AA. \ <|Mani-rni;i-tfr i" anfhon/f<l !•• tr.iii-;-<rt (--•k- .iii<i no--' .il irj-trnnn'iitii 
pun-ha-»'«l l-'F. "T d>*iial*-«l t*: \m^\ • h.i|w ;- ..r T. ).. -» ■»■...•. j .i- \ Iil«r.irii-- .iti<l i.'* in- 
na.-ti« arid atldfth- appltan«'«*" piiri ha-*- I -al*>. r. -.•:ii,« 'i*.!;. • \t h.iiiji- .ir «<>ni|i4iny 
fund-. f>T till* u-«' iif ir<ai|Hi, fpirii iIm- n* an-^t ruark't to ilu |«t«t .»r -tatMii of tin* 



172 



BILLS OF LADING. 



RILLA OF LADIVG. 

1356. Public prr)pc>rty will \)C tramiporte<l on bills of lading, which will be num- 
beit*<l conHei*utively in the onler of shipment, bt^ginning with the first shipment of 
eatrh fiscal year. They will consist of two ])arts, the original and duplicate, each to 
be certifie<i by the shipping officer and receipte<l by the carrier. 

1357. Bills of lading will l)e prepared in the name of the i^arrier, and will show 
the points l)etween which trans; )ortation is retiuired, also places of original departure 
and ultimate destination of the freight. 

135t!^. Bills of lading will show the numl)er, marks, contents, and weight or 
measurement of each package or class of packages to l)e transported, as follows: 



I 

a. 



A 

i 



K 

"3 



u 

c 



V. 



Markfl. 



Maj.Qeo.BHw, 

Washiiif^on. 1). C. 
r. 8. property. 

Maj.JohnBi>ll, 

l)eiK>tQ.M.. 

WHsliiniOon. D. C. 

U. 8. pn)iiorty. 



Capt. John Smith. 

Oi'orsrotDWii, 1). C. 
l*.S.pro|H.*rty. 



Lt. Ja.M. Smith. Ittt 

Inf., Ft. Monroe. Va.. 

(MmnKi"K ^<tation. 

rrivatc pn>porty. 



("o. I. iHt Infantr>', 
To. jin»iHTty. 
Ft.Myer.Vn. 

(Nim'd'K. < )m(t'r. 
KiM-k Island Antonal 

fnmi 

<'H|>t.John A. Kohiii 

Nin.Tth Inf. 



No. 



I No. of 
l>a<*kaK(*!^- 



1 to 20 


20 boxc-J. 


21 to 30 


10 do 


31 to 3n 


5 do 


36 to 40 


5 do 


41 to 45 


5 ilo 


4(i to 50 


5 d«) 


.M 


1 do 


52 


1 kiff . . 

3 OOilM . 


53 to 55 



('ontentii.* 



Canned corned bet-f 

i Dried aalmon 

i £va|M>rate<l peachei* . 
' l^anuud tomatoes 



Rlacknnith'M to4ils. 
('an>t*nter'H t<Mil8 . . 

Ma><oirit tcMilH 

C'hain« 

K«>|)e 



56 to 60 
61 «& 62 
('»:) to 65 
66 to 70 
to 75 
& 77 
78 to M) 
Ml & 82 



71 
76 



5 ImIch. . . 
2 do ... 
3lM>xeK .. 
5 do ... 
5 keifM . . . 

2 do ... 

3 do ... 
2bundleH 



('«Hit8 

Sheeti* 

Hat** 

ShoeK 

lIorH^shoes 

HonHi«h(K> nails. 

(^it nailM 

Bar iron 



Weight. 

Iba. 



i.aoo 

1,500 
800 
SOU 



8M 



372 
S60 

lao 
aoo 

600 

GOO 

76 



Ki ^ M 2 boxes 
s5 to 8M 4 pkgH . 
W to M 3 fluM^ 



92 «(: W) 2 U)Xes 
' 94 1 do 

' W) & W 2 do 



BaKKUfre 

Fnmiture 

I'rof. IxMiks. {ttiiH'rs. inKtrumentft, et4'. (tun 
the eaJH,' may ik.*j. 



V7 



1 do 



Ii4Mlk« 

Kii'lfl desk 

Band in^t^nnent^t.., 



Bayonet scahtMinls ami N'Ibi 



200 

800 

900 
100 



754 
100 



...| 



100 



Total 



11.646 



^The eontentx nhdiild U' shown in su(n<'ient detail to enablr the (jiiartfmiastcr's l>i'|Hirtnient to 
n'<'over in rH<H> i»i l<w(, »<« wt>ll as to knitw in all ea^^'^ what was actually transiMirteil. 



1459. In th«* trun.''iN>rtation of luiggage with oflinTs or tr«K>pH. the hill nf lading 
should i^how ])lainly whctlier the whole weight HiHH-itieil in th«' hill is to l)e {taid for 
hy tht* rnit«Hl States, or whether a dethirtioii is to Ih' inadf for th«* lUiinU'r of 
|M>niid.'< ulIowtMl I'urh paH*4'tip'r hy the iiirrier. In tlu* latttT ra.*«e, if the artiial num- 
lK*r of |Niunds to U' (h'«ln('ttil is not kntiwii, the tnnnU*r of |N'rHon> n*«tMving traiiB- 
|Nirtatioii Mill U' Htatf<l. 

1460. Trn^tnal Uigg:ig«* of otru-«*rs will n<»t U' hhipiHil on < ioveniinrnt hill of 
hulinL', «'Xf'vpt such i|iiantity as is tniiisiMirtiil at <toverntnt'nt i'X|N'ns«> in rhungt* of 
station. unl»'«* transjujrtation hy wat;t>n or t>th«T mnxoyano* ownt^l hy th«' United 
Stat«»f» is furni^ihed. 

l!i6l. In tr.ins|Hirtin^ l»y nil, the ntinilM'r of animaK niunlMT antl weight of 
puckam'S. ntnnU'r of fii't of InndsT or pin'ex of tindNT and <linM*nsions will lie 
e.Y;ln'^••^■<l in thi> hill of lulling in lignrfs uh wi*ll an tnitnUT of rurioud.**; and when 



BILI^S OF LADING. 173 

tnuiK|H»rtatii»n in U* !»«* {iiiiil for by woi^ht, \\\v iiuiuU*r of {miiiikIh will U* HtaU**!. In 
■hi|mM*iitf« l»y WHU*r at nihii* iiii'tt:*iin*tiH'nt. tin* kiiiic nilc;* a^ to iiuiiiImt. \i<*i);ht, aii«l 
ine«Hiin*tiM*nt will In* ol)m*r>'<N|. The oni(*«T n*4*«>iviii^ \hv |in>|H'rty in (vrtifyiii^ to 
itii (^itrnftneH* will write out the weiirht in MnnUiUKl ti>;un'»'. * 

l!i#4. Knu'unt*. interliiu^ationy, or altenitionsin lMll;4of lading inuMt U* «'X|»hiin(*<l 
thenNUi l»y the iivuin^ or other i*oiii{H*t(»nt otli«-er ovit h'n* hi^natun*. 

l!i#«t. In no inM' will a He«*<»ii(l <»ri^inal or (ln|ih(-ate hill of hulinir or a «*«»|»y of a 
hill of lading? In* if«<n(*<l to the nirrier for any hhi|»ni<'nt, nor will a hill of hulin^ lie 
iivuetl after the trannjiortation Hi*r>'i4*e hai^ U*en |ierfonneil. 

l!i#4. The rate of tninH|M»rtation (*harK«'»< an<l th«* initial let tern of eaeh roa^l hy 
whieh th«* HUpplien an* ti» he tninxnntt4*<l will tN> in^^Ttnl in the hill of lading. 

l!i#ft. The ori^nal hill i>f la«linK will )m* ^i\en to the carrier at the time the ship- 
ment iH nia<h*, ami n|»on the «lelivery of the |iro|NTty in tumnl i»nl«*r and <-«)n(liti(»ii 
will U* n*<viiit«Nl hy the eonni^itv and n'tnni«*d to the mrrier with i«nrh fnrtluT 
indorM*nient ai* may U* n«i*(*r*«iry to innun* N^'ttleiiK'nt. The dnplitrate will Ik* 
promptly tranf«mitt4*<l hy thenhippin}; otlietT X** the riin.'-ii:n«*<*. and ujMin deliver^' «if 
the pn»iH*rty uill Ik* n*<vipt«*<l in like nmnn«*r lu^ theitri^inal and forwanU*<l to tlie 
iwyin^ offiet'r. If th(> xhippin^ otthvr \t* not the luyini; ollitvr, he will U* noti(k*<I 
hy l«'tt4-r of thf nivipt of the nuppliev* and th<Mr 4*ondititin \iht*n ntt^vtNl. 

I^MH. liilln of bulintf will U* ma<h* {layahle hy the chief quartennafttT of the 
de|4irtnient in whieh the MUppli(<i« an* to U* th^livcn**!. unlcHh H»me other ntf it vr Iuik 
U-t'n (hffi^at**!! to |iay them. 

l3i#7. liilln i>f la<lin)jr irvuol for nupplier* to In* forwanh**! hy eonve^am*** oum*<l 
or l«'aM*t| hv the <t(»vernnient will nhow that ni» {laviiii'nt is to U* mmle for the 
wr\ iif. 

l3i#*i. Tnin}*|Hirtation i^liould U* pn»vi«l«'«l to ultimate <l«*i«tinatioii and **u thmu^h 
hilb* <if la<lin^ ^h«>n pnn'timhle. When n<»t pnu'tirahle, or \%hen thn>U);h or ^«|ltvial 
nit«^ «-an n«»t Im* M*<*nntl, tnuii'iMirtation will N* furni*>h<'<l to the mi»ft ronvenient 
point for forwanlin^r to ultimate dcKtinatiitn or to thefarth«•^t |ii>int t«» \iliirh thn>ii|{h 
or H|ie<*ial rate** I'an U* o)>tain«*<l. 

l3i#9. In tnin^|iortatii»ii of pnl>li«' Monito\«T a lini* of road«, one of uhi<'h i.«* land 
irrant an«l Mihj«*«'t t"ih-«hii'tii«n "f ratei*, or li* n<»t entitlt-il to|«iyment fi>r tran^|Mirtin^ 
mirli t^ttiHi*. m>|«inite hill?« of iailinir. Mating that it 'u* lan«l trrant. may U* i-Nu«*d to it 
if n*ipi*'j*t#tl. 

1470. Itill" iif lailinif will not U* i^^i^iiiNl mt h^ t** iniluili* M>rviiv U^yonil tin' ter- 
mination of an\ r*t94\ oun«**l, liiif«<il. i-tintritlU-*!, «>r ••|M*nit«*<l hy a lMind*ai«l«-<l railn^Ml 
r«iiii|an\. When Hueh rw*r\ii-«* i^ nipiin^l. M'|iiir.itf hiilMnf hulin^rwill ln> iw<n«'«l, hut 
nom* t«> in* hiili- r«*r\ ifi* o\«'r m«»n*than itni' U>ntl.aii|iil r<iaii with itft li'a;>4*«l lim-r* and 
hnin«'h«-f. th«* i*«<ni*«*f fN'|itir»t«' hillM for (lir<*n;;h trHn-|"irtation i-^f^^r tht* e«in\«'nienei* 
of railn<ail" **u\\ in M'ttlini; thfir aii'*'iint.». iiuil viill ti"t r«initiiit the l*nit«*<l Stali*f* to 
th<' |uymi-nt nf liHuI niti*** for aii\ (MirtiKn of tin- thr«>ii;:h tnin-|M»rtatioii Smh l>ilb* 
will indi«'al«' tin* iMunt of ••riirinal di'imrtun- aw\ nltimatf d)*^tinatiMn of tht* fn*iicht 
lninH|-»rt«*il 

1471. In t)i«* ali-«-n< f of th«' )-onpiirnf«* or on hi« faihin* to n'ti'ipt. tin* ••tth'er 
nii'intini: will i-»Ttif\ that h«'i«dnl\ Hiithori/i'<! t^i do « •. iin<l Hh\ th«* «itn«ii;n(<e 
iloii* not ni-vipt t'l«*rk» and ii4rtnt.» an* not Hiiihon/i-<l to n^i-ipt hilU of lM«)inir 
iinltf«t th»' r'toft- «ri* 1 ••n^ii:ni"«l to thi*ni *»t to th«ir i-an- 

1^74. In •-ai<«' on<«f>«> or 'lantai^* t'< pro|«Tt\ \i hilt- in {-■-*«*«*ion of tl.** tarriiT. the 
hillf*«'f Lttlint; will not U* n-ii'ipli**! until •ui h lo*f i-r 'laniatr*' i" dn i«li^l ii|i*'ii and 
th«* n>|M*n**ihilit\ thi>r«'fiir lixt**!. fttfpt that viht-n thf* lo«r* or <laniaArt* ha* l*^*n 
■m^'ftanifvl and thf n-viKiti-ihihtv tix«t| Hitlfut tin- iK-tMii of a Umnl. tht* lull may 
be n<i'«-ipt««l aiid an ini|orf«*mi'nt nia*h' thfno.n "tatinK* tht* kin<l of pn*|«*ny l<^t or 



174 BILLS OF LADING. 

daina^o<l, itn wci^'ht or ineuHur(*inent, it^4 full value im*Iii(lin){ v<n*X of trannportation, 
and the name of the eompany or jwrty n»si)on8ihle therefor. When a reoeiptecl hill 
of la<Hn^ is tlemandtMl !>y the ("arrier, it may Iw rtH^eiptinl hy the nH*eivin>? officer 
after noting then-on the lo.^s or <iama^e wliieh is apparent, and atlding that final 
Hettlement will await the artion of a l)oard of Hurvev. All the indor>«enient** of the 
rtH'eiving ottieer on the original hill of lading will l)e put upon the dupHi-ate. 

1373. Payment will Im' made on the original l)ill of lading pn»|)erly rtntiipted 
an<l aecomj)lishe<l, hut not until the duplicate ha« lKi»n rei!eivt?d ]>y the i)a>ing 
officer, except ju* provide<l in the following ])aragraph. 

Iil74. In cibH' of lo^<t4 or (lentruction of one part of the bill of latiing, the paying 
officer, after satisfying himself of the fact, will report it to the Quartenna8ter-( Jeneral 
with recommen<lation ai< to |»ayment. 

1375. In aii*e \x)i\\ ] tarts of the hill of lading have been lost or de8troye<l, the 
Bhipping olficer, upon the application of either the carrier, the c<jnsignee, or the l>ay- 
ing oificer, will issue a certilicate in duplicsite in the pn.'scril>ed fonn. This certifi. 
cate may l>e given by the officer in charge <»f the re<*t>rds of the jK>st or depot, 
although he may not have made the shipment. Entry should Ik' made in the ship- 
ping iMMtk of the loss of Ixith |iarts of the bill of la<ling, anil of the fact tliat the 
certificate has \tvvi\ issutnl. The certiticate will Ih' forwardinl to the consignee, who 
will indorse thereon his irrtiticate at* to the receipt of the property an<l its c(»ndition. 
If a boanl <»f survey h;is acti^l on the shipment, he will attach a copy of the pro- 
ct»e< lings to the certilirtite. 

1^176. A shipping otficer will give his certilicate only when necessary to enable 
the carrier to ri*<vive {uiyment.and not until he has satislicMl himself, by n)rresi)ond- 
enc<' with the officer to whom the ston»s wen* shi]>)H'<l and the offictT <lesignate<l to 
nmke payment, that neither part is in their |Missi'ssion. He will also re<piire the 
affi<1avit <»f the carrier, stating that neither |>art of the bill of lading is in his ]>08Bes- 
sion nor can Ih> traccii ])y him, and if sul)MM}uently found that he will make no 
demand then-on, but will at oniv surrender it t<> the I'nittMl Statt»s. I'lwn thiB 
evi<len<v, an«l with the authority of the Quarterma>ter-< Jeneral, payment may l)e 
ma<ie for the siTvice. In ca.»*e either or lK>th juirts of the bill of la<ling should sub- 
H€»quently l»e nn-oven-d by the ship]>ing olfitvr, he will note the fact in the shipping 
l)<H)k ami forward tlH» samet<» th<» Quartermaster-! Jeneral. 

Iil77. Oliicers will satisfy tlu'msi*lves «)f the loss of the original bill of la<Hng 
lK»fore they surn*nder the duplicate tn th«* carriiT. If lost while in the {>o^i^*wion of 
an oifiifr, his certiticate* will U* sutficient. 

ISI7M. In ca.*^' of the loss of a bill of lading while stores are in transit, railroad 
com|tanies are n*<|uested to ft»rwanl them to de.«*tination, taking such receijits as they 
may dtn-m neccN^iiry to ><h«iw delivery to <'onn<M'ting liiu»s. They will pn*s<Mit them 
nreipts instead of the bill of lading ti> the dislmrsing (|uarterinaster, who, after hav- 
ing satisti<*4i himx'lf of tht'ir (*orrectness, will make payment as dinrtiMl in |»aragraph 
12S1. 

1479. rayment in 4>aM' «>f l«)ss of either or iNith |»arts of a bill of lading will be 
pnmiptly re|M»rted t«i the i2'»i*rterma.«iter-<fenenil by the <lisbursing oifi(vr, who will 
give de.*<4Tiption of bill of lading, or n*rtiticate, and voucher on which ]>ayment iB 
made. 

I3MO. To insure jirompt delivery ijf stores in \hv al»sence iif l>oth ]>artsof the bill 

of lading, ih* nsi^'uei* may give t<i the* carrier a n'ceipt for the ston»s a<'timlly deliv- 

ere<l, which will >tat(* that it is driven lH-cau.«H' the bill of lading has not come to liand. 
The ni-eipt will U' ntuvenMl an«l «lestn»y«il l>y the 4)lfieer who issuetl it, on the 
HM'oxery of the bills •»! lading, "ir when theiiTtiticate provide«l for in |uiragniph 1275 
shall have Uvn given. 



BILLS 4»F LAI)IN<1 — rL<>THIN4». 175 

1 4*1 1. rayiiK-iit fitr t^lll^|N>rtati<»n will )n> inailc to \\iv Inxt fiirriiT. iinlc?^* nther- 
Hi^4• |«n»\ kIihI in the hill i>f huliii^, tiiid only fi»r \hv (piantity nf >ti»rt'> ilclivfn*«l at 
(It'T-titritioii. i>xii*|tt that in ra^'of lnj-Hof wci^'ht frt>iii natiinil hhriiikaLi* vu mute, 
th<* wtivrlit hliipiHil, aH^h<mn in hill cf latlinir. uill U* |iai<l for, provi<l«*«l thr |4i4'k- 
atf«*»* an* <h'liv«*n>tl intart. Thr payii* uill In* l)«*ltl r«*?<|Mini4il»K* fur all I<»>h «»r ilaniage 
to -t'^nr?. \iliil«' in tniiiHt i !inhf*H r«*li«*viil hv a iNuml i»f Mirwv), an*! HU«'h l«»MH<»r 
(lamairr mIII U* ilcilurttMi in making: «M'ttI«*nM-nt for tli«* '>rr\i<'c. 

l!l*i!j. < Mlii rr« in M'ttlin^ aiTiMint.** for tran.-|H»rtation. i»r forwanlin^ thvni to tht* 
i2iuirt«'niia>i< r-< M*n«Tal for •*4*ttl«*ni«*nt. will ohtain from xUv (*oni|»anirH or liiiefl 
fnipl'tyi"*! auilii'iitii* and otlicial liM?* of tariff** in fon*«* at date of ^'rviiv, and will 
attiU'li t'l till" tirst a4'«'oiint f** i^'tth**! <»r f(»rward«Ml two fniij*"?! tlifn^if (on«*for tht» iwe 
of that otitci' and one f^r tli«> Tn-U'*nry •. and tlicn^aftfr. a^ i*3irh armunt i** i«f>ttl«*<l or 
forwarditl, uill n-ft-r to siiil listi* a?* lon^f a** tln'y an* in fon*i*. Wlu-n c'nm»nt rated 
uri* (*haru'«*«h a rfitilicatf of th«* |>ro|N'r a^'«'nt of the lim* or t'omimny |K*rfomiin); the 
H«*r\ii'«' should \n' a|>ii«*nd«il t«» th«* iiifount. H'ttini; fortli that r*tirh rHt«*»< wen* the 
rurr»'nt and lo\u-t rati*?* rharuritl th«* jmhlif at thi* tinn* tin* wrviif Ma*< n-nth^riHl. 
Whi'n i-haru«'!* ^urh a* draya^c. uharia^*. toIN. etc.. an* tnad«* a.- fuirt of an a«*(N)unt, 
they will 1h* fully and •4*{k:iRiti*Iy M*t forth in tlic Xiiufhcr. 

l!l*iSI. \Vh«*n |tnhlii- tariffs il<» not inrhiih* thi* r-}i«*<'ilii' artirh-s Hhi|>|K*d, the rates 
and rla>*itirati«>n of artiili-«< anal«n:ou« thi*n*tti will vrovrrn. If artirlfs analot^oiH can 
ni»t If f..iin<l in tht* tariff li.-tf, th<* «-(»iii|iani«'>* will In* ni|n«*>t«'«l torlaTvify thr artirles 
tn4n-|'»»rti'*l 

I \M»-4.l(%Nr %Mi lU»Ni>-\IIiK.n l{\II.Ko\lif«. 



|2|*I|. < ii-nmil onh'P* will U* i^^ncil «'<»ntainiti^ full inf«iniiatioii iw to lanil-irrant 
and l->nil-aiili^l nii!ro:ii{«. an^l •lin'i'tin^ thi- nioilf of Matiiiif an«l n*ndi*riiit; u<ii»uiit0 
oi •Kill r.i:td- f'T niilitar\ tRin-^iMirtation. 

l!|H5. t^ii.trti*nn;u't«>p« will U* •!i-ii»nat«"*l !•• nHi-i\»« an^l |in*|«an* th** ai-t-<»iint«* nf 
tin— •• railn>.i<l 4-iiiii|ianii— . 

I loflllNi. \Mi |<j| ir\«.i.. 

I4*ltt. V tahlc .-hiiwirn; tin* prirt* i>f rl.ithinif anil «*«|ui|>ai;f for th«* Anny, the 

ulliiiiai I • I'tthniL: in knnl t'ii'a«-h >">l«lit'r ti>r i-a* h Vfur itf hi- I'nli-tnH-nt. and liin 

I I'ltliiri;: iii>*nt \ .ili"w:iii<' • t>ir « a«-h \i*ar and day th*'n'of, al-i* tin* allowatii'i- of «>«|ui> 
|iaj;i* ti» ••Mil "-r- and «-nli-ti-«l iii«m», will In- |>iihl)-h(-il iii i»nli'r«-. 

l!|H7. I -Mii.tii • of • Ii'thinvT and *'«{ui}i;tL''' w ill U* niaih* «}Uarti'rl\ a* f<<lloWf: On 
Januatx I I'-r .1 -opply !•• la^t nntd .Inrif :Ui. ••n April I. until S-pti'tnU'r ^U); «*n July 
I. until !»!••• ri. I- r :;i ; .•!» <»«t««l»r I. until Manh .11. K-uh 4-«»ni|t;iny «>r il«*ta«-hnicnt 
•■••iniuand* r '.* il! |»n |»art* th**-** ♦•*liniafi- "n tin- pn-<riU'«l ft»nn and forwanl one 
fopy til t'.i- |*--t I ••ihinandi-r at the iMvinnuiij ••! tli«' |MTi"*l f-^r whirh tin- f**tiniati* in 
niadf. I'll* \ -.\:ll U- liar^d lUi thtauthi>ri/i-«i -tn ii;:*?)! ••! tli«-i ••inin.ind and will -IkiW 
thi" ijuari?:!:*— .iiid -J/*-* 'if tin- ;irtir|» • i«'i|Mir< d .u.d • ■! tin— ■ •■!! Iiand 

I^HH. III. |-.-! I ••itinian<l«-r. afti-r « aniril ri\i>i>n<>f tin— «■ t—tiiiiati—. will i-aum 
thi> i|uart«-rri .I-** r i>t «iiii<M.iii|.ttt' thi-ni .in«l .tdd -m* )i .tith !• - it- nia\ h** n«-f*li'4| for 
jMi-t piir;- -• - • r tin- *ari.i* |«-rt<*<l ( ••mp.n.x .-r ili-l.ti Inn* iit i*«tiiiiati-» will lie 
rit.niii-d ;:. r !••- • •!!>• •■ of thi- i^Lirlt'niia-ii'r t< r tfi*- !rit<iriii.tti<>ii and ifuidaiii-*' of th««*e 
I * 'ti* »riii d 

ItlHU. [Ill- •(•].irit riiia-t*-r will forward. thrtiUk'h tin- n-jular < haiiin-l. tw piiw 

i'i tl.« «••'.- 'l.-l.t'i, I |>.i-it i—titii.ifi « t • tin- I liii ! •(■(.irft rii..i-Ti-r i>f till- ili-|iktrtni«*iit, 
ai I '-tri'ari.i -I \\ .1 -t.itijii«-iil -h- ■» jI.j thi- .irti- !• - • -t « I'.M. vj i"!*-! il\ Ui^: "i/*-- . i-^iui- 
jtiU'i . ar.d '-...iS n.il- --rt hand .it Tht- |-»-l iii ♦ v. . -- .•! tl,.- rf»,':jri'!iii-nt- i-f thi- ••■r\io» 
fi.r tl.i- |- » .-I ii.\ifi-»l l.\ th»- i-titiLiti * ' -r .ji..irr. f. ,i-s r- wd! ffj-^rt ti» thi* 
i/'i.irft rtii.fli-r ( fiiH-ral any unni-* i-*^it} .i« « <iiitulatti>ii ••[ « ••think' *'r •'*|Ui|*ak'i' at a 
|-»-t. 



176 



CLOTHING. 



1390. After n^viBion an<l approval of the i><»Ht I'stiiiiati^ at <lopartnient head 
quart-ern, llie <*hi«*f qiiartoniiiu*tor will forward tlu» »*aiiu» W) at* to n*ach the Quarter- 
maHter-CienerarH Ortire not later than Febniary 1, May 1, AujjUHt 1, an<l November 
1, n»t*|HH.*tively. 

l!MI. If at the time estimates an* prepariMl it Ix' kn<iwn tliat any of tlie trooiw 
are to change station, their estiniaten will not 1k> inehi<le<l in the |H»Ht i-istimates, Imt 
will Ih' forwanle<.l se|>arately. The new station to which the supplies shrmM l)e sent 
will l)e statetl. 

Iil9tl. Should the (piantity of clothing and e<]ui])a);i* supplic^l u|K)n the i)eriodical 
e8timat(^ prove inade<}uate, a sfHX'ial estimate in tluplicate, pvin^ realms therefor, 
should l>e made and forwarde<l throu«;h pn)iK*r ehi^nnels to the Quartennaster- 
General. 

11M3. Ortleers of the rtHTuitinj; service will, i)rior to the l)e^innin^ of each <|uar- 
ter, forwanl estimates for a thrt»t» months' supply of clothing and iH]ui|)a>;e for their 
re8i>ei'live stations to the A<ljutant-(ieneral of the Army, who, after nivision, will 
transmit them to the Quart4'rmaster-(ienend. Then* estimates, whi(*h will 1)6 
ri»Htrict*»<l to the smallest quantity alisolutely necessary to thecomf(>rt of the men 
com|H>sin^ their detm'hments, will Ix.' made in duplicate and will lM;a<*com])aniiHl by 
a list of such articU^s as may Ix' on hand and not re<piinMl for usi* during the period 
eHtimatiMl for. 

12194. Clothing and tH]ui|>age rtH{uire<l by the engint^T l>attali<»ns, onlnanoe 
deta<'hments and detachments n( the Signal C'ori)S will In? estimat<'<l for at the dates 
and for the ]M*ri<Kls indicatni in iianigrai>h 12H7. The estimates will 1h' made in 
duplicate and ftirwardtnl to the chiefs of the n»siH»ctive cori»s, who, after n'visi<in, 
will transmit them to the Quartermaster-Cienenil. 

Itl95. After the clothing ami e4iui|»ag(> are retvivinl at a |>ost, the qiiartermaiiiter 
will make issues in such <|uantities and at such times as the company or detac*huient 
commanders may reciuirt* and as may Im* appn)ve<l by the iK»st commander. No 
iMiUi's of garments of largt>r sizes than are actually netniiHl will Ix* made for the 
purp<K*e of altering them iuto smaller size.". 

Isi96. All otiicers making esthnatt>s or retjuisitions for clothing and iiiui}>age will 
conform to regulations and onlers lixing allowamvs. The following tables sliow the 
proportion of sizes to ea<'h hundnnl of the artich»s: 



.Vrtick-fl. 



<W 



llelmotK 

K«»rHjf»' i'H\r* . .. 

CanvuH %-H\*** . . . 



Siz<> 


^ ami 


{•nilMirtioMMof cat 


•h 


• 








■ 




_ .. 




T«iUl. 


f 


<;; 


1 


7i 


Ti 


71 




r> 


•21 


31 


'M 


12 


4 


100 


(• > 


•J I 


M 


M 


1-' . 


4 


100 


Ti 


•21 


:n 


■Jti 


12 




4 


100 


(I 


21 ' 


.11 


IV. 


12 




4 


100 



Slz«*s iiml |>ri>|Mirtions i»f t-ach. 

— Total. 

1 2 :j 4 :. r. 7 s y lo ii i 12 



.Vrtlrl.s. 



B4Hit!» :i 11 M :« Iti I 4 

Shl^^■^ .'< II 31 'Xi Iti 4 



•> 



■ » 



riiifonii <1p-> riiHts 10 

i}\ vn-* »iii«. 10 

Bli »u-M>% 10 

riiii\ii<* futik'ur ••«i»it«* ill 

Stahlr fri-k« l.) 

rinlii>hiri-». kiiii H 

• »\rr*hirt-. iltirk-hliii* IIhiiiicI h 

TrtiUM r^. krp»«-y .*• 

Tniii«««'r». •.iiiiinn-r |o 

1 hiiiM-r*'.riiii\a-. fitiiKOi' 10 

l*ni\l<T>.« Mlllitll lltlfllH'l ]■') 

rainn-* iiiitti-ii^ 2'» 



2.) 
2."» 

211 

.'» 

JO 

20 
2i 

4;> 



Mi 

:ui 

:;s 
i.> 

:io 
:r> 



•.'.'> 




1 
t 
1 
1*1 














•.'^ 














2A 






i 








•o 














10 














1.') 


10 

1.. 
.'i 
















I.'» 


















•> 

■ 

.> 


lu 


ft 


10 


10 


'> 


.'> 


20 






.... 








■ a • • 

















Kur»riniiitlit«. :W fto 2i» 



100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 

too 

100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 



CLorniNG. 177 

TIm* fiiz«*n fnniiHiuxil nH|uin» von* littK*, if any, alt4*ratioti, and cHtitiiatc** hIumiIiI tie 
ouiili* »t* iii'ttr tilt* fxart nMinin^inriitH of thi* iiK*ii at* |M»i«i)>li>. 

Itl97. Shoulil any nf th<* Hiz«*H tif rlothin^ HiMt'ifuNl in \\\v fon>p»in»; iiara^nnph 
|)n»v<* inadiN plate. ni«*aMun*in«Miti* Htat4*<l uiNin pn*»HTiU'(l lilankn will Im* forwanlt'^l 
with flu* <*9-tiniat«* fnr tli«> ^irnirnti'. A <vrtiti(*at«' ttiat th<* cnlist^tl man for whom 
muU rlotliin^ in intcn<lc<l can not U*fitt4'4| with th<*M/.t'r' of dotliin^ furninhtHl hIioiiIiI 
ai-ittmiiiiny i-ai'h ntiuinition. Aihlitionu) n'-t ••! uianufartun*. tkt* );iv<*n in annual 
prii*** liM, will \h» rhanri**! in «*ai*h iumv 

ltl9*i. I'nmath* uniform i*<»atr<. hIouH4-H. an<l tn>UM*n« will U> HUppliftl for if^no in 
H|H-<'ial caH'H to fnliHt«*(l m«*n at nmt of mat4*rialM. They will )m* (»htaim*<l from tht^ 
i^lla^t4•^Ma^t4*r*H I^*|ianm«*nt in the Nimt* manniT a^ othtT arti(*I«i* of clothing;. an«l it 
ifi ma<l«* th«* iliity of (*omman<lin^ <itrn*<*i> to mh- that thi>* rlothin^. wht^n inoih*. nm- 
foniiH Htrii'tly t4iManilanl |«ittcrnH. Tht* matfrialn for i-iwU roat, hloiiK*. or |«ir of 
tn>tiMT><. with the hiittonn. thread. n<'«*<llo«, and all n<*<-ewary trimminip*, will U* 
r<»ll«*«l in a hiindU*. which will )k> Hi*nn*ly fji><t«'ni*<l and niarki*«l with thi* hiza' of tlie 
inimii'nt. 

I)I99. \Vh«*n iinmad«' arti<*h*H of rlothin^ r«'(^Mv«'«l hy oflici'n* at military |M«itit 
•n* found to U* in<*ompl«*t4* hut otlicrwiM* in ^<mm1 ciin<lition, tlicy will n«»t Ih* hiiIh 
mittttl to an inH|M*<tor for condemnation, hut \iill U* turtic«lo\er to the n(*ani*t manu- 
(acturini; d4*|M»t to In* n>n>plct4il; or a n^iuintion for tin* mir«>ink' |iartj« may In> maiU*. 

I300. The clothing i**<timatf<l for hy 4iu'li coni|ian\ or d«*ta«*hni«*nt commander 
fthould. :l*< a nilc, he hv\*\ Hihj«*<*t to it^ watlt^, hut in (*;ire of n«^*d it may U* i»th«*rwb«(* 
in^ui'tl, anil the •|uart4Tnia^t4>r will th«'n i-idl i**T a Hitlicient ipuintity to repliuv it if 
ne^'es-rwry. 

l«IOI. When clothing if ntiuireil a •4'h«*diil«- «*nutneratin}; the artii'len nt^*«le«l hy 
tiu'h man and the moiify xalufnf each article will U* pre|ian*<l hy the com|iany or 
«l«'tachment c«»mman<ler on th«* pn*rM-hU-4l funn. Thi^ fN*|itihile, appntxt^l hy the* 
4'onimandinir ittlicer. will U- ••••nt t^i th«*<|uart«'rma>ter and wh<*n th4* clothing; i<* n-a^ly 
fi>r i9«>U4* th«* ci»iiiman«leri»f th«* orvani/ation uill In* nt*titi«'il. Ir#>u«'r' will U* math* hy 
thi* i|iurti-riniL«t«*r in tlie pn'?4*n«-e of the ciimmander *ti tin* or^ni/ation or nther 
eonimiK«i<ini-<l ••tlicer repn<M-ntini; hint, whouill witnefv tin* i^i^nature;* i^f the •mi|- 
ilier^ n|M>n th«* -i IhiImI**. and thi> w ill U* r«*turtif«l tn th«* comn and«T of th«* lirwani/ji- 
tioii with tlif ii'rtiticat«' tif (he «|nart«-rmaf*t«'r that th«* articUf r*|M*«-ili«'«l ha\e all U-vn 
ir«<ue*l. 

Th« iiMinU r ••( i-ai h articli' and the total \alue nf all tia* articU';- i<«>U4<i| ti* ini4-h 
orkiiiii/ati>>n \iiil U* ftiti-n^l h\ the •|uart4«rina«t«T n|Min ihiplii'at4* ali*trai t- of i<i^iit*f«. 

Th«- .1 '^'rivat*- niont'v valui* of all tlie artirlt- i*>«n«il nHHt airni* exactiv with the* 
atnrrt-u'at*- saUw ••( i—ue« to intli\iihiaU. and thf uitne>«>in^ otlii^er will make thin 
v«'ntii atii>n "I tin- ai'i'iinu'x *»i the •^•hi"*h»l«* U-f«iri • i-rtif\ ttiL' t«i tin* ciirr»***tni--pi i»f tta* 
eiilru- ii|«'ii !ln- al»^tr.i« I. 

Till' • "niinaiidtT i.f thf «irjani/jitii>n will •«rtii\ ••!. •■.nh •'«'p> i^f the alMra«-t that 
thi- iii«'iit-\ \.ilii«' ••• till' t*'»ne ti> i-ai'h man ha* I**-* >i t-:ir«-ri-d in th«- « li^thint; UMik antl 
the vntiM-^-iii;; ••ttii'«-r will it-rtit) that th«- t»*iii-* \%* ri- in.iih- a* •*tati*«l in the **-h4thlU* 
and .i^-tr.ii t H tin* ci'iiiiii.tn«lir U* al-> th* uiir.*— in-,: ••lti<er. Ik* will •i;;!! Uith 
4 f rtih< .it« • rh*'*4> t-fitn*-* in the i li'thinL' ^M-k. uith •lati* *»i i«*ui' «iii<l iiatiii' nf 
<|i;.irt« riii.i-ti I. will I"' atft-«t«-»l h\ tin* w itM-— tiik' "tliiir Th«- alvtr.ht certih«d aii 
ri-^iuirt-*! aU.\i-. -ujim-*! h\ the 'inartt rma^ti-r and .ip|>rii\«-<l h\ the (••mmandiiiir 
otiici r. u ill U- thf Viiiirhcr i ^r dr>>ppiiii: i-ltithMij ir--iii thi- ri'tnrii 

|!|04. \l ntiuiirriM>ii«<<| nr i<N*latt'd •ta?*"'.* Mln-rt- it i- iiiipr.iitiiahlf (•■ h.ixi- th«* 
i*^ti« M itiii--'M-<l a* ri'»|iiirf»l hy isimu'r.tph li"l, th*- muw iiin ■•-*il rt-* ••ipt/* ^f iii«-i» fur 
• I'-th !.»* .■«-ij«"«l t«> till-Ill w ill U- \i»ii« hi r- t»' till- rt-trjrri" "f tht- i««*iiini; ••tliit-r .!• i om* 
|ittni«^l *-\ hi- itrtilit all* that hi- ha- « harjfl -ii th« if i i'lthnii; ai • ount^ th*- in* m-y 
vaiiif ••! till- artii U-* i««tiiil -ir hii^ n<>tit><'*l (hf pri>|«-r ••ItiitT t<* make piich charv**' 

281H inf — 12 



178 CLOTHING AND EQUIPAGE. 

l*IO?l. F«»<'h H4)l(li(*r's I'lothiiig act'cmiit will lie kept by tlHMYiinpanyordc^tai'hineiit 
coinnmiKk'r in tin* company clothing lxK)k. The a<*count will nhow tlie money value 
of the clothing; rcM*eivtMl by the «)Mier at eaeh issue, an<l his nt'eipt th«Ti»for will lie 
taken in the lHM)k. 

1!I04. C'om|>any and detachment connnand(*rH will settle the clothing account of 
every en list iH I man of their resjiective commands six months after the <late of IiIh 
enlistment, and thereafter on June 'M) ami Dtni'mln'r 81 t)f ea«'h year. The entire 
amount found due the Tnitinl States for the iKiritxls embracing the dalt*s «»f settle- 
ment will be charjre<l to the soldier ujnm the jmy rolls. The numey allowance of 
clothinir f<»r the first vear will Ik.* allotted bv half vears. 

1305. The Inilance due the soldier at either of these dates will Ik» <"rt»<lited to him 
U|x>n the <-ompany clothing; lK)ok. It will not 1h» i)hu'e<l u|M)n the pay ndls, but 
the final balance due at date of dis<'har>re will l)e entertMl ujxin /lis final statementH. 
In cast' of transfer, the balantv due the soldier or thernite<l Statt*s will Ik^ entere<l 
on the <les<Tiptive list. All l)alances of this character will lx» stated in wohIh and 

tigUH'S. 

ISI06. The clothinjr a<*count of a soldier who deserts shoiiM \w settk^l in full to 
the date of desi»rtion. The Iwilancedue him, or the rnite«l States, will Ik* entered on 
the next pay rolls after <late of (U>s(>rtion. The amount due the I'nittnl StateH or 
the soldier at date of dt^^rtion should l)e ascertaine<l by cre<liting the sohlier with 
clothing allowance from date of last clothing settlement to the date of de.scrtion 
(exchuling the day of desertion ) and debiting him with the m<»ney value of all cloth- 
ing dniwn by him; the difference l)etwtH.»n the two amounts will Ik» the amount due 
the TnittMl States or the soMier. 

1307. A deserter is entitle<l to clothing allowance from the date he surrenders or 
is apprehen<lcMl, and the amount ilue him will lKM'<»m]>utt>d from the tables then and 
sul)s«n|uently in force. A new cl(»thing account will U* o|K'ned without refen'uce to 
his ac<'ount at <late of <lest»rtion. 

130^. (Motlung drawn in excess of allowance* by soldiers <lis<-harge<l without 
ht>nor will 1k' taken up again on the n»turnsof tluMpiarterma^iterof tlu* iM)st at which 
the soldii'r may U- serving, antl if new will Ik» reissuttl; otherui-e it will 1h» tran:*- 
ferre«l ti» the nean-st clothing ileinit for usetif gt»nend prisonen-. unh»ss the |»articular 
|M>st may U' the one at which prisoners an* confine<l, in whi<-h ca.«-e the chithing will 
1h» all«»we<l to remain for usi' of ^uch prisoners. 

|:I09. Clotliing allowance aiMTuing to a soldier after return t«> tin* service from 
de.'^ertion will not l>e umhI to nnluce the amonnt of the S(»ldier's ind(>bti*4ln«'SH at 
<late of dex'rtion; the full amount of the H»Idier*s indebtt^dness UiUst 1h* chargeil on 
the roll, to }H'd(HlncttMl by the i»aymast<T when he settles the soldier's account. 

l!|IO. Wln'iu'ver the ne<*i*ssitv for the issue is <'erti lied bv the deitiirtment mm- 
mander. an-tic oversh«K's, ac«*<»nling to pattern in the otli<'e of the (juartermanter- 
(u'Uer.il. will Ik* supplieil to tnMi|)s. Tlu'y will 1h' charg*»«l t<i the cnlisttMl uieJi, Imt 
do not form |i;irt of the annual money allowann* for clothing. 

l!ll I. bt'gvrins for all troo|)s, of bri»wn cotton duck, accordini; to patterns in the 
<»tlice of the < jnartermar<ter-< ieneral, to In* worn on marches and (-am|iiii;!n>. will Iw 
chargiMl tii the enli>te4l mm, but tlo not form {>art *if tht' annual money alio wanee 
for clothing'. 

i:il!l. Article^ of Umd unifonns, including nuisi<' ]M>u<'hes. that do ni»t fomi |iart 
<»f the annual I'iothim.' allowance may InMssued, but not charge<l cX(*ept in ca^(e of 
loss nr d^imaiTf. Tin* articles tluH issutNl without charge remain the projK'rty of the 
I'nitt'd >tate>. 

l!ll:l. (anvas mittens and blanket •lin«'< I canvas caps omformimr to pit temn io 
theolli(*(* of the <2<iitrteniuister-iienenil will lie suppliitl t(» troojie.'^-rNingin extremely 



CL<»THING AND KgriPAOK. 179 

cfild nvi<MiH ami U> tnM»|i»4 Htatiom*<I at Wcht iNiiiit. ii|»<>ti the a|»|»n»vul <•( tht* <lr|)iirt- 
iiu'iit nMiiiiiaiulfr i>r th<* li<*a(l of ttn* Htaff (l(*|iiirtiii«*nt <tr (*<»r|iH, an tin* <-aM* may lH\at 
th«* nitr i»f i»ii«* |Hiir «if mitti'iiH ami nii<* «-si|i {mt man |mt aiiiiuiii. Th«* v«Mirh(T will 
^ho^ that tliiH imhuc is ^'nitiiitnii** an<l mad** N%ithiii tli«* aUivr allowamv. lf^m*K in 
«*x«t'w of Mirli allowamv Mill In* <*haiv(^l to the im-ii at nnnilatioii prin*}*. In ihm' of 
lohH or •hi'tnictioii t»f any of Hai<l artirli*r< i>f ;rnitnitoii}< i^\u- without fault <»r mvhH*t 
(»n tht* imrt of the HolfIi«'r to uhom th(*v liav<* lii*i'n intrut^tnl, aii<l hi c-4*rtiti<'«| to hv 
the immf<liat(' rotnmandin^ ottictT, thru tli<' artirU* or artit'l4*H hi lont or (li*»(troyc<l 
iiiay In> n'|ihu*f«l \iithout cliarKi* to the HildiiT. 

1314. WhtMifVfr tUv iHH'vt^iXy f«irthf ij««u«» i?* it»rtili«'«l by th«' |»«»*t (*oniman<l«*r, 
fur iQinntli'ti* ami (-a|i!'. ami w(Mili*n niittou!*. «*< informing' to |iatt4*ni.*« in th«M>t!i(vof 
thi* (^uart«*rina>trr-< MMH'ral, will U* iivtit*<l at <'o*>t |iri<'«*H at the rati* of om* |iair<if 
fEHnntl«>tr< and niitt4*nr-, and ont* mp to i*ai*h cnliftttl man |nt anmnn. Tluw artirU*fi 
«Io mit form |»art of th<' annual iiioUfy allouano* for rlothin^. 

I3lt(« TIm'H' uill alno Ih* iwmtl to triH)|iH htatiom*<l in (*xtn»m(*ly coM nirionii, 
wh«*n the ntii*HMtv for Hirh iM^m* \r* ivrtitU*<l bv tin* ixK-t nunmamlor. fur or l>lankt»t- 
lim*<l ranv:i.'4 (•v«*n*oatf4, but oidy to m«'n iM'rformint; ^lanl dut> or fi«*ld M*r>-io*, when 
i*xiN»«nr<> til urathfr woulil j<*<>|ianliK4* lifi* or limliH by fn'<*7.in^. Th<'<*oatHf*hould l»e 
Uirm* on tht* ^•tu^n^> ai* «*<|ui|4ur(* ami rharir<*<l tti (•nIiHt4N| men only in niM* of htm or 
dainatrv' othfr than from onlinary H«*arand ti-ar. If nuidr of fur thoy will on tlio 
•p|>niarh of uann wcatlnT U* tuninl over to th«* 4|uarti*rmaht«*r, who will oliNi*rw the 
following din*«*tionH for their pn*»4*rvation: 

1. Kx|xiM* thfui totlH'HUli and then Uiit th«*ni with a litfht twi^or rattan, making 
Hin* that all ninth ivp*. should any have U***!! d«*|MHit4Nl. an* de»<tniy«*«l. Tin* expi>> 
Hurf »*h<iuld 1m* thnroutfh and the U*atintf viiriimu^, but not H*v<*n* enonijrh to injure 
fh** fur iir |H*lt. 

t!. K«*|iiiir (*<i:it^ mtiliii;; it i U!*in^ fur th«* pur|M>M«*. a> far lu* pratiifubh*, Mich artirlen 
of a('*irn-|Nindimr <'hani4*ter a^<lln n<it a^iin U*n*ndi'n*<i •4i*r\i<'«*abl(*i and th«*n |ittek 
in iMixt** wt'il lin«*tl \%it)i |i«*tn ileum ami \% rapping |ia|M*r ith<* latter U'in^ ni'Xt the 
irrMHl-i. i-\t>ri-i!«imr ran* that n«i Imlo nr otlu'r M|a'nin);r* an* l(*ft in the urap|H*rM fi»r 
inothiM til «'iit«'r. Si-un*l\ nail tin* 1m»x«*- anil |t;L**t«- |i;i|M-r nxtT all joints. Sutlieient 
|M*tr«>li'nni {afM-r ma\ u-ually U* iibtaim*il fri«iii Imiki'n |iiuka;!i*** «>f eloihim; (i|i«*n<^l 
for i«i*ui'. .in<l. -hiiuld it dr\ fmni am* **t u^*•. it «-an U* fn-^hi-m-*! by nibbint; intii the 
••iirfa«i- «-ii;i) 4iil. iH-iiiif ran'ful n«it X** u*«* vimu^'h U* }»-m'tnit«* th«- \% nipping; |iaiM*r. 

1316. Till- (^iiarti*niia.-tfr''- lH*|i;irtiiii*nt ix aiith<>ri/«-)l X*» fisi} fmm th«* appmpria- 
tinn fi'r •-liitbiiiL' ait'l «*i|ui|tiU!i- a •inn nni •Noi-din^ (I '((i fur tht* laundry ui>rk of 
«iM h ri « rnit at ri'iKh'/.xiiii** and ••tation*. v% bn ba» lut fuiiiU «»f hi** «i\%n. Th«* i*x|N'ntli- 

tiiri'uill U' • liar;:i'«l nii th«* cluthini! a uiit «•( th** n*<'ruit and *** ni*t4^l nn hb* 

di-««'ripti\f .itiil .L<<«iirnm«'nt mnl 

1317. ( '••iiimafiilimr <»llir«'n* tiia> •inl**r n*** «*<«<Nir\ i«#«tu*ri of fltithini; tn military 
pri'«*hi-ro M li<< ba\*' no ilnthintr allnwam «-. fptin d«-4*rti*p*' nr iith«*r ilamatf***! «'lolhiiiK 
hIm-ii tbt-ri' I- -ui )i ill .ottin*. nr fn.im i-lnthiiik' "p** >*dl\ pni\ id«*d for thi> piir|H«*4*. The 
n-«iMpi ••! tlii'tithitT in <-harkr«* "f tht* pri«t»i»i-r- villi U* thi* «|uart«'rmar*ti*r*«> \oiirh«*r 
fur -in'b i««-iif 

131^. Ibi- I— u«' t'*kt*nt*nil priH»nt*p» finpbiyfl at oiitd«Mir luU^r in -•*\fn* H«*:ither 
at iniht.tri }>•*-•(>. nf •ii«-h «i\4'n'«iat.". ii\f'p*h«i«*H, wimiIcii imtti'ii*. and tlanufl -hirt^ «ii, 
ill tlif jiid;^'iitt-iit ••! till* dt'|mrtni«*nt i-«inimandfr, mav !••• tit-if-ftar) ti« pri'^fnt "tifffr- 
in;:, i- .iiitb*>ri/«il 

1319. < iratiiitoii^ i— iii-« nf « hithiiii; nia> U* piad*'. iiii'lt-r tin* pr>*\ i«*i«iii* *»i ■•"ititin 
Vm*^. iCfXi-^-il Sl.ifiiti-. t«i n*pla4-i- artnli-* »l«'-tn»\iH| !•• pn-vt-nt ibf -pn^el I'f mntatn- 
Mil- diM'a*<4-. ii|»*ii thi • trtititntf nf an <>tli< • r rh.it the • I'lthiiii* wa^ "«■ der*trii\i^l U|miO 
th«' n-« ••mmfmlatit'ii <if tht* iiifiltral ••tthfr iiaiiii-«l. 



180 CLOTHING AND EQUIPAGE. 

13ilO. Should it becronu* necesBary to i^ue new clothing for \ii*e in the l>urial of a 
deceaneil soldier, as in the case of a man who dies away from hin proper command 
and under circum8tanct»« rendering such iwuen imperatively nt^cessary, the expeniw 
of the isHue will be l>onie by the Unite<l States, and the clothing will Ik* dropped 
from the retuniH of the issuing ofiicer on the onlers of the conmianding officer, which 
must HH'itethe necessitv for the issue. 

• 

l!lill. Othcers may juirchase from the Quartennaster's IH^jjartment su(?h articles 
of uniform clothing, clothing materials, and equipage as they m»ed, i)rovide<i the prop- 
erty is availal)e. They will certify that the article are for their jH'rsonal use. 

13iltl. Officers' servants will not \ye i)ermittetl to wear clothing intende<l for 
troops, except underclothing and shot»s, which may 1k» purcha^nnl in limite<l quanti- 
ties, if available, upon the officer's tvrtificate that they can not l)e otherwine obtained. 

l!li|!l. (^iiartennasters an* authorize<i to drop fnim their n^tums tent pins and ax, 
pickax and hatchet helves, upon officers' certiticat*»s that the articles have l>een worn- 
out in service. 

13)14. K'^timates for tableware and kitchen utensils will Ik^ made (piarterly on the 
dates and to cover |H'riods named in paragraph 12S7. They will Ih» limited to such 
articles as, with those on hand at the time an i>stimate is submitte<i, shall not exi-eed 
in kind an<l quantity the nu*ss outfit as announcinl in the general oniers prefvri^ied 
in paragraph .'iir>. S|H»cial t»stimat€»s may l)e made when ntHt»ssary to met»t emer- 
gen<'ies, and in such cast's the cin*umstantvs c<»nstituting the emergi»ncies will be 
stated. 

13tlA. (N>mman<ling offict>rs of |K>sts an<1 of all organizations su[)plie<l with table- 
ware and kitchen utensils will exercise a rigi<l su|HTvision an<l einmomy in the care 
and pn»si»rvation of all such articles, and any dumage<l, broken, destrc\ve<J, or lo«t 
through the carelessness of cnlistc<l uwn will Ik* chargtMl against their pay, asexplained 
in i>aragniph 7<i7, and a '^statenK'nt of charges" on the pn*scriU'<l fonn will l)e file<l 
as a voucher with the n*turn fn>m which the articU^s are drop{>e<l. I^)ss thmugli 
breakage of china and glass»vart», not due to cari'lessni'ss, may Ik* n'placinl at public 
expt»n>H» on pn»|n'r nN|uisition, pn)vidc<l it d(H»s luit exceed 20 jkt cent }H*r annum, or 
5 |)er cent |H'r (|uartcr, of the total value of china and glasswart* to which the nu*8si8 
entitltHl (value to Ik* dvterminnl by the pri»vs given in the annual priiv list), and 
the arti<'les so replacinl will Ih' 4l<*stn)yeil and <iroppi*<l fnHu n»turns in the manner 
preKTilHHl in iwiragniph V.i'JX Any excess of bn»akage will Ih» n^phu-etl only under 
extraordinary circiunMancvs, or when values have Ikhmi charge<l as uIhjvc provide I, 
and nHpiisitions calling f<»rsuch extvss must show clearly tin* cin'umstances or the 
fact that charge h;is Ix^en made. F^stimates calling for articles other than china and 
glasswan- must .»<how the nt»cessity f<»r them, and if !«» repla<v arti<*les lost or stolen, 
must 1m* accomiwiniiHl by the pnKXH*<lings of a lM>anl of survey, unU»ss values have 
l)een charge<l as heri'inU'fore tlirecttnl. 

13tlO. There will U* fumisheil by the (2"»rterma.*<ter's l>e|mrtment to all duly 
authori/.e<l luinds of the .\rmy the folhiwing-nameil musical instruments, viz: Db 
pic4H>l«», t<*r/. an<l eon<vrt tlutes, Kb and Hb cornets, Fb truin|H*ts, FIT and Bb clario- 
nets, Fbalt4»s, Hb tromlK»nes (valve or sli<le), Hb baritones, Fb, Hb. and lU^b Imswis, 
basH and snare dnnns, cymbals, triangU^s, music st: ..os, and extra ]tarts for the 
n*j»air of the instnunents; also Itatons with suitable r<»nls and tassels for u.*»e of dram 
maj(»rs of all dismount«Ml IuukIs. Mounte«l ban<ls may Ik* supplii*<l with a |)air of 
kettU*4lnnns in li«'U of the Uiss an<l tenor drums, cymbals, and triangles, and aUo 
with altos, tronilN»in*s, an<l lnt**s<>s of helicon shafK*. A flugelhorn may U* furnished 
in lieu of the Fb trumiM*t, a euphonium in lii'U of one alto, one Fb alto saxophone, 
and one Fb iKiritone saxoph<»ne in lieu ni two cornets; but under no cin'umstances 



MUSICAL IN8TRUMKNT8, BK(K>MS, ANI> TKLKcmAPIIIN(». 181 

will tiion* than a fotnplett* ini<tniiiu*ntatinti fur 2s tiiticiruui- U' siippli***). In makiiif^ 
n*<|uiHitii»ii for tian<l itiHtniiiieiitK a HtatotiK'iit >li<i\viit^ the iitunU*r aii<i kiml nii )iaii<l 
•iitl thi'ir ri»ii<liti<>ii hIkhiM a4'4'()iii|>aiiy th«' ^iiiiH*. All thr pni|K*rty H|N'«*itif«l Hill U* 
a«vi»untc«l ftir hv thi* <iiiart4*niiaHt4*r <»f th<* rtvinxMit. When aiiv iiistniiii<*iit liax 
1m*«-«iiiu* iiiiH4*r>'i<'<'ttl»l4*. it will U* Hiil»tiiitt<'«l t<i u iM^ml of >ur\fv. A copy 'if tlii> pnn 
it»«*tUnp4 of tlH' lN»anl will U* forwar<l«*<l U* tli«- (^uart«-niia>t4'r-<MMifnil uitli a \i«*w 
of having till* iiiHtriiiiient n*|iainil, if pn)t*ti<*uMc, ^r titli«*rwiM' (li^<|M»i«•<l nf. Wli<*n 
an iiiHtniiiient luiiln minor n*}kairH. involving only a ^•li^')lt rx|M*n»-«>. ami tin* Mork 
mn Ih* ilont* in a workmanlike nuinn«'r in tin* \i(-init> of tlif |MiHt, it nill not U* n<v- 
f*Mharv to Huhniit tlu* in^itnimrnt Ui a Inianl ni ti\\r\v\\ Surli ri'imir inav U* M'tMirt'il 
ii|M>ii till* written onler of the «*omman<lin^ iitrioT, l>nt a ri'iMirt of th«* nattin* of the 
work an<l <'ot*t involv«il will U* maih* to the i2narterin;iyter-<tenenil through pro] mt 
niiliUiry rhanneln. 

1847. Then* will U> ftirninhetl hy the <^uarternia*>terV lH>|)artment to ea(*h lieM 
iMittery two ^mall hrai«* Bh hii^l«'»«. To evt*ry nther rnni|iuny two (t tnini|K*tH with 
F nliih*^. anil, if <l<*fir«*<l, ileta4'halile KenMtk^. KtMit tnMi|i« nuiy nse th«* dnmiH aiid 
i\Ut* in lieu then'iif, if <le>»in*«l hy retnniental • •unnianilen-. \Vhi.««llef will l»e fur- 
niHhol for Hiieh m*nf<*antH, eoriMirali*. <»r n>ii.*>ieian^ a- are n*i|uin*«l to iij^> tluMii. The 
fi>nv<*it>;: artit'l<'?< will <*onfonn to |iatteniH in theiitlit-«*of thei^iiarteniia^ter-Cietierml, 
and uill U* a4*e<itint4*<l for ai« «*«|uii4M^*. 

I!I4^. The alli»wan(v of corn hnH»mi* and ^ nihhiiii; hninheH uill U* ai* fo|liiwi<: 

FMr«*]i4'h orv^iniacation havini; an anthori/«*«l niaxiniuin *<tn-ni!th<if ITi^hMilifitiil men 
or over, nine hrnoino and -ix l»ni«ht*»' |>i>r niMnth. 

K<»rf-arlM>nnini7aitii»n having an anthi>ri/e<l nia\imiiinMn*n^hof 1( Ml en lifted men* 
ni«»re <ir lew. fix hriM>in« ami four hnu*h«*** |M*r nmnth. 

T\%ti hnH>mHand ime hnnh |M>r month t** (•at h nirimetital lund. 

Thn**' hnMinf anil two hniMh«T* {ht annum fi>r fai-h niini'iimnii*4*ion<*il ntaff otritvr, 
inilndint; tlH»M- nf |M>^tf, nnfinieiiti*. ?«|u;uln»n*. Uittalinn*. and the Artillery (*4tr|i»«. 

Six hni«»hi*y |mt aniiiim tn eju-h |»ir»t l«ikery. 

Thi'\ Mill hahitiuillv U* drawn ijiiarterlv. hnt iiia\ I •«■ drawn when ne<*<leil. If 1i*hh 
than till* iiiaximiim alliiuaiiee i»dniwn in ••lie «|narter. < n'vlit i an tint In* ^i\en in 
aiiiithiT. 

IS^m. I'ixt itiinmanden* may. when nf«-e««;ir\ . i»rder the i*-4iie **{ hix hri«»mH {kt 
annum t<i «>a4h piihlie otiiee and huildinc furni*<h«it \*\ the < Quartern laj'ter*- l><*|«irt- 
meiil, ar* f<>ll*iw«: INt»t «'iimnian«ler*** and •|U:trteriiia«tir'*> oilieif, i|iiart«*niiaft«*r*i* 
warehi»u-«\ |-i-t Uikery. nhoiil. rha|i«*l. and lihrar\. The n«*«i'<— ity for, and the fa4i 
of i*j»ui-. mu-t in all eafN**- Iieeer1ili<-il h\ th** "tliii-r in i-han^* *»i thentlieeor hiiildinit, 
and \«*ritie<l h> the |Hiot ei*mmander. 

IS|:|0. The u««* (if M*r\i4-fahle t«*nt» iif ••tlit-r • .iii\a'> f<>raii\ nther |Mir|Mfli4* than 
that fiir whii-h -m h arti« Ut* are furni^he*! i» pr> 4iit.it* •!. cxi ept in «-a"«-^«if emerv«'ney 
w hi II iie»i-— sir\ t«« pri«t«-«l piihlir pro|i«'rt\ Winn f r«N.jH. an- le.i •■ii^ai4:«'<l in ;M*tive 
M*r>iif. all ti'nt;ur«- <-Xii'pt oheiii'r ti-iii- >. all r* nt -Tiivi-^aii'l «ti>\epi|if will hahitiially 
U* kipt Hi •iiirain- h\ tin* iiuartfrma-ter. 

ri.i fi.i: \riiiM. 

1931. The ti'leLT.iph will U* iivfil ..fiU III • .i-^ — t Mr.'i hf :ind iiii|i*'niti\«' nii-t'T^ily, 
in will! h tlif «)*-l.i\ < tin*«-«pii-iit i}}H«ii tr.iii*ii<i>-i<-:. ^v tn.til WiiiM !■• prejudb ial to 
th** piil'h* iiitfrt-«t!> In ruhh- di**|i.tti li*-» 'tiilN -*:• t. \%iird« will N- •^•nt a* an- nit-vT*- 
Kir\ t" .t I'li-ar iin<ler«tamlin;; 1*^ their <*>iiti-rif- 

I*I9^. The War l>«'|sirtm«*nt T«ltirraphi« < --!•■ ^\.il ** a^ •-••unti-*! fi^r ••!. the \nw^ 
n*turii and traii-tern<il u|Min ehani^e <if |«r-t iii[ii;i..ih<lt-r«. I'hi- i**!*! t «<tiiniaiider u 



182 TELEGRAPH ACCOUNTS. 

requinni to n»tain the cckIo in hin custody, and is reH]>onHibl<^ for the key and its 
pro|x»r iiw. Department eonunanders, fmm time to time, an<l particularly when 
poHt commanderH art* ehan^rt^i, will make iL**e of the einle. When military neeeH»ity 
eauHes it to Ik? destrovM, it should In* bunuHl leaf bv leaf. 

1333. Accounts for telegraniH on military !msiiu»Hs jjrepannl «>n the prescrilKMl 
fi>rm in the name of the telejn^ph company rentlering the w^rvice and acc(»m|)anied 
by the original telejrrams, in the ca«i* of tele^rrauiH K'ut che<-ke<l **iMii<l," and in the 
case of telegrams receive*! checke<l '* collect," by the impn*s8ion copii's thereof, will 
lx» paid by the Quartermaster'^ Department, with the following exceptions: 

1. Accounts for reimburs4»ment of amounts pai<l by t^fficers for telegraphi** »«er\*iee, 
which will 1h» prepan^d ujM»n pres<.'rilHHl fonns. 

2. Act'ounts ft)r telegrams on public business of a conti<lential nature when in the 
opinion of the officer nnviving or sending them it is improiK»r that copit»s shouhl 
ai*(*om|»any the accounts, or where copies can not l>e pnK'un»<l. When it is ({ueHtion- 
able whether the telegrams are onolfi<"ial business or that the telegraph should have 
been use<l, such accounts will Ih» accompanie<l by full explanations from the officer 
who sends or nnvives the telegrj""'**- 

The acctjunts excepte<l in this jiaragraph will 1k» forwanU»d to the (iuartennatiter- 
(ieneral for st»ttlement. 

In settling accounts for telegrams which pass over the lines of more than one com- 
]>any (iMmd aidinl exi*epte<l), }Miyment may U* ma<le on the <»riginal telegnun to the 
initial company f<>r the entire ser\'ice. 

1334. TeU^grams making application for leave of abs^Mice or extension of leave, 
or of im(uiry whether leave has l)e<»n grantetl, ami the replies made then*to by tele- 
graph, will not 1h» sent or i>aid for as public <lispatches. 

1335. In framing telegrams all wonls not im|K>rtant to the K'lise will l)e omitted. 
The last name of the officer ad<ln»sstMl, or his title, and the last name of the S4»n<ler 
art* generally sufficient. 

1336. In counting the wonls of tek»graphic UK^ssages the following niles will lie 
olis4'rve<l: Names of cities ami places, when ustnl to designate such (-itii's i»r placen, 
and wonls pro|H»rly conntM'te<l by a hyphen, will lHM-ounte«l asonc wonl. NumeralH 
will lHM'xpreR>4«Nl in wonls, and will not )h' ci»unte<l as hyphened wonls. Nam(*H of 
plact*s and jK-rsons when given to things will 1h' count<'<l according to the numlwr of 
distinct wonls in t^ch. Names such as Van Vliet or St. Nichohis will Ik» counted as 
one w<inl. All W4»nlscontain(Hl in an official telegram will U>rouiite<l. including name 
aii<l title of {tarty addri*K*<4*il and of the sender, but cxclu<ling th<' name of the place 
fn»m which sent, date, and the wonls ** official business/' which sh<»uld ajtiKfar on 
eai'h teU*gram. 

1337. Ex*'ept in cases of It »ss or d4*st met ion of original m«»ssag(»s, where satisfac- 
tory evidence is submittttl showing that (tayment h&<< not already Ik.'^mi matle and no 
charge uill hen^after Ih' math*, no settlement will be nuuie witli the tt*U*graph office 
fmm which a telegram is sent unless the original tch*gnun is niarki^l or ch(H*ked 
**|mid,'* and no settlement viill Ix* niiule with the telegraph <it!icc at whieh a tele- 
gram is nni'iveil unl(*ss the teU*gnim nxvive<l is marked nr clH'«'k»'<l "collivt," 

133M. In each territorial de|iartment a <piarteniiif't(*r will In* assigne<l by the 
department commander to the duty of adjusting and >ettlitigteleLrniph acenunts under 
the iiK-'t ructions of the t2uartenna.*«ter-< ieneral. 

1339. Blank f«»rms for official teK»grams will U* furnislu'd by the <^uartennai<ter- 
(ienenil for tlu* um* i»f all ]K*rs(»ns in the military MTvici*. 

13-iO. Nothing is nipiinil of officers si.*nding tt'h-grams U'vond the deliver)" of 
th«» mesKige to the com|umy. The projH'r iiuarterfiia.«^ter will re<"eive ln»m t(*ltyniph 
i*om|>:inie> their accounts, with pnnifsof s«*rvice (which ^httuld U* original telegnuiis 
whenev<*r prat-ticable), ami will piv|>an* and tvrtify vouchers f«»r t he same and pay 



TKLKPHONING, BECMmUS, RKTIRNS, ANI> RK1*<>BTS 1 S3 

th«*tii, or forwunl them for Hettl(*in«'tit ii> in niiuinil in iKiRumiph \XH. Iiifi»niiHtii»ii 
«li*Hin'«l l»y ti'Uvnipli «*i»iii|kanii'H in nvunl to military l»u«in4T<o< will In* i»l)tainf«l from 
till* C2*mrtfrmii^t4*rV I>f|»iirtmi*nt. 

19-II. \Vh«'n tt'NvniiiiH an* H«*nt "rolhTt" tty |>rivat«* in<lixiiluuK tin* natun* o| 
th«* tfitirrainH HhouM i^owrn thrui'tion »f th<* <li^lHin-in^' i|nart«*rnia**t4T. li Mrictly 
on <iov<*rnm<'nt liu.-in«*N«, |kiiynu*nt will In* niailt* li\ (hi* I'tiitc*! StatcH. 

rKI.KI*lloM\i.. 

l«M!l. \Vht*n* t<*U*|ih«*nin); is ]»ni('ti<iihl«*. un-outit^ f<ir ttu* hhum* ma\ U* |iai<l fnuii 
thr a|i|»n»|»riation fi»r the imymciit of t4*l<*^Riphir 5i*rvi4*«*. 

KHi'«ikli*>. 

I«I4^. Thr following; ImmiIch will U* k«*{»t in th<* Mtliii* nf <*v«*ry i|nart4*rmiii<t«*r: 

1. A (iifh ImmiIc. in which will Im* <*nt«*n*«l. a<-(-«*rilinir !•> appropriation}', all a4'<*tiunti« 
n*4i*i\c<l ami tli^l»nrH4•«l. tin* <lat4* th4*n*«>f, fnmi whom nM-«<iv4*4l or tn whom ]miil. aii<l 
on what a*** tiunt. 

1*. A UHik of l4*tt4*n* n*«i'iv4tl, indmlin^ a niitnl •»! in<l<»r>4'm«*nt.-*. 

;t. A prt*j*»-4i»py UniIc, in whii'h all «'orn*^|Minih*in-4' |N'rlainin^ t^i th** otiiiv, inrliKl- 
ititf 4'3<timat4-«iif fnntln anil r4'«|iii>itionHfor «|llart«•rmil^t4•r'^•>1lpplit•T*. will U* mpifil ami 

ill4l4*\4*«|. 

4. A rt*«*onl UniU of Iwrnu-kx ami <|iuirt4*rv. kept :u* ilin*4>t4>«i in iiamu'raph l(»s4. 

r». A «l4f«i'npti\«* iHMik of pul>li<* aiiimal»<. kept :u* ilin*i*t4*<i in jianiirraph 1147. 

«». A n*«-«»nl of int4*rm4*nt.«i > in t-uM' i>f r-tatioti at a |M*«t . k<*pt :i> in<litiit4Nl in imni- 
IfRiph 't7((. 

7 A pn-te'H'iipy iMMik **( Mi»n^ aii«l pro|N*rty >hip|n*<l. in whii-h all hill*« of la<litiir 
ii**n4^1 v% ill U* 4-i»pii*«l. 

H A U"»k *ti ?it«»n*** ami pro|N*rty n*«'»'i\i'«l. k«'pl a- pruviih-il in ihi* «lin*«-tit*n(« 
th«*ii*w)th. 

ISIII. TIm* nt|uin*«l iMMik- will U* Hiippli4^l h\ th*- <^nart«*rma-trr-<ii'i)<'ra!. Thi*y 
will m*t U* r**niMV«*il fnmi tin* •>thi>«* i*xii*pt '»u it« •li-Miintimiamt', w h«*n thf\ will U* 
<li**|Mi-4'<l «>f iu* •lint-tiil in imnurniph h!M. < '«»nimah«lint; «>tlii-i-r« atnl in«|ii-«-tiir« will 
•4-«* that th«*\ ur*' n^'atly k«'pt an*! itintain f-Mntpl«'t«* aixl mrn't't r4-)-<>r«Ui*f all ma(t«*n* 
whii h •h«»n|i| Iw r«*«*iir«li*«| thi*n*in. <*oiiiimin>linj ••ili.rp. \%ill al*** -"i- that tln-v an* 
pni|nTl\ tr.»h-f» rn**! 

l!tl«'(. VII It-rti'P* n-ii-ivt'*!. an<l t-npii** ••( all ..r>li-r** tHr th*- ••\|»**n*littin- **i miiii4*y 
or pn»|ii'rty. }m\\ ri*main -in tiU* m* fiiirt ••!' tin- rtii.nUi.f tin- ••!!!•••■ \Vhi*fi it in 
niti— *iir> («• \%it!i<lraw a l«'ttt*r for tili* with ih*- ••tlni-r* .k-* ■•tint-, a •liil\ i«*rtitt<««l 
i^ip\ }k\\\ U' fna«l<' tti n>plai'»' It in th*' I'flii t- tilt- I^'t(«T«> |itrt.iinitii; t\t|ti*i\i')\ to 
thi* x^-ttli-iiifnt of an ollio*r'« ai-i-iiuni»* U'li*n;r to Iimii :iii«1 n>it t^* tin* ottii-** tilf- 

II»:T1 ICN* %Mi i:!;!-**!;!^ 

|:||6. Ml pro|Mrt\ purrha^ti with lnii<l<- ai-pr-'prtattil l»\ t 'orj;»r«-.-. f«ir i arryinjf 
<in tlii- ••|NTati>iii- of tli»* •^inrttrmapti-r'- lK-|*.irt!ii* iit. afi*l all pr j- rt\ -npptii'l for 
thf ii-« •>! tli«- Vr!ii\ f hroii|*h that tH'imrttMfht. u :i] U' •l«-i.<«iMitiati-«l " •pi.irl#-riii.i-t4'r**4 
-itp|'li«--. " .iiii| n-tiirti* tor thi* *4im«' « ill !«• rt-ti<li'r*-i| t-. tin- (/ri:irt«'itii.i'-t*-r < *• n«-nil 
• |M.ift«-r]\ anil u h«-n th«' ait'oiiiitahU' oltii-«-r i« n-li* \i-*l tr<*iii •hit\ 

1*1 17. Nil •|iiarti-riiiar*ti*r*« -tipplii^ ai • •'Uiitfl i^r )>\ .in ••?!>••■( Mill U- t rii«'ri««l 
ii|>->}i ••III- r< turn 

1/11*1. rill- (oUot^ inc ri-turti- ainl n'lNirt- Mill •- tii.i'h- .iii>l .|t«|..<.«i| .-i l>\ «)iur 
ti-r!iia«l«-r^ a- iii<li«-ati-«l \*\ th«- noti-« ••n ih*- i^rui- Iiirii.«|,i^| l.\ t)i« (^iLirf* rin.L-ti'r* 
< ••■fii-r.il 

I II* |">rl "f |«'r*-'n- aii*! artirli-* i-fiipl<i\<-«l ,iii*l liir»'l. t«i U- r* n-h-ffl iifiiithly. 
thn-^i to iht- (jtijin«*niuu*tfr-< ifiifml. wtthnt t* n •la\« aft^r th«' i-xpirati>»n o| iIk* 



184 THE SUBSISTENCE DEPARTMENT. 

month. This report will contain a complete re<*or(l of all nervices renderwi the 
Quartennaster's Department during the month to which it i>ertainH. 

2. Monthly report of all hills of ladling and transportation retiue«t« issueil, except 
thosi^ isfluecl for traiu^portation hy conveyanceH owniMi or chartere<l by the United 
States. 

3. Transfer list of penwms and artick»s employetl and hired. 

4. Report of enliste<l men employe<l on extra duty, rendereil monthly, within ten 
days after the expiration of the month. A copy of the onler placing an enliste*! man 
on extra duty, or relieving him therefnmi, will accom|>any tlie rt*|K»rt for the mcmth 
during which he was so detaile^l or relieve<l. The report will also slu>w in the column 
of remarks the particular duty u[K>n which ea(;h man wtin employe<l,and whether 
8er\M*ce8 were rendered on other than working days. 

5. Statement of outstanding debts, n^ndertni m(»nthly, in time to n»ach the chief 
quartermaster of the department on the last day ni the month to which it ]>ertain8. 

1349. Quarterly returns of quartermaster's supplies will Ik* made in dupli(*ate — 
one copy, with abstracts (except of articles i)un'hasi»<l) and vouchers, will Ik* forwarded 
to the Quartermaster-General within twenty davs aft^'r the expiration of the (juarter 
to which it pertains; the other n'tained by the olKcer. The abstract of articlets 
purchase<i will lx» n*ndere<l monthly and forwarde<l with money accounts. 

1350. When one (juartt^rmaster relieves another, the latter will not enter the 
receipt for quartennaster's suppli(»8 u|Hm the al)stract, but directly on the return as 
**TransfentHl to succtt*sor." The rtH*eiving officer will enter the invoice \\\)im the 
returns as **0n hand at the Dost; recvive<l from priMlecessor." 

ARTICLE LXXIX. 

Thk SnisisTKNCK Depaktmknt.* 

GKNERAL IKTIES. 

1351. The «^ubsistenct» Dt^jjartment, under the dirt»ction of tlie St»<*n»tary of War, 
provides for the distribution and exiMMiditun* of funds appropriati^l for sultsistiog 
enliste<l men and for puR'ha»«ing articles kept for sale to olHcers and enlisttnl men. 
TheC\)mniissary-(feneral furnishes lists of articles authori/Ani t4> In* kept inr sale, and 
gives instructions for pr<.»curing, <listributiiig, issuing, selling, and accounting for all 
subsistena* supplies. 

COM MISS ARIKS. 

135tl. Purchasing cfimmiw^ries make ]>un*has<'s of supplies in accorilance with 
Article LV, and »listribute them as «iinH'te<l. UjMin dinM-t calls of chief commissarieH 
they tninsfer t(»commissarii*s of {Hints and stations such funds from th(> appropriati4»n 
"Sulwistence of the Army " and su«*h anth<>riz4Ml sul»sisteiH-e supplit»s as chief ctmi- 
missaries, untler instructions from deftartnient <'oiiimaiiders, deem ne<*essiiry. 

I3A3. A chief commissary will make ndls u]h>i) purchasing <M>mmis.«<4iries desi|[f- 
nat«Mlby the('ommis.sary-<ienenil for funds and supplies for po>ts and stations su|»er- 
vis^ni bv him. and under instructions from the('ommi>sarv-< ienenil will furnish fundM 
and supplies t«> jiosts withii» hisdei»artment which are exempted from the sui^Tvision 
of tht; de|iartment <*ommand<T. He will keep a commis>ary lionk for ea<'h \H\nt and 
station, and de<'ide whetlier the ({uantities of arti<'1es calleil tor on re<|uisiti(»ns sliouUl 
Ih' allowiHl. incn*:is4Nl, or diminisheil. 

1 K4fri>lH<i*»>^ for the )rovcrium*i)l of ihc Siil><>iMrn(M> Ih>(Mirtini'nt, {•r«'tmn>«l and i»iil»li«li<il under 
till" HUtli*int> of tin- s«-«ri-lnry nf War, un» ilixtriliuttil ti» \\s oili«ir«. hy Xhr i'<*Uim\^->nr\ I'ltUi'ml. iHkly 
Much rt>Kulttti«tii« Hn* lu-rriii fcivcii tui are K^-'tuTuI in Uicir iiuturvor utIiHri otlu-r limiu'houf tho nervier. 



8UB8I8TKNCE SUPPLIKft. 1 ftS 

13M. r4»nitnM«ri<H> will iiiukt* tiin«*ly «'!«tiiiiut«>M and n'^iuiHitioriH. apprtivinl |>y 
thfir (iMiiinanditii; otrK-ern, for fundH hikI MippiicH fur the tr«M»|i*- with whii'h they 
nervts luitl forwanl thciii. thn»iitfh military rhHiiiirlH, t*» the <*hi«*f i*>»iniiii*iHarii'9*. If 
•ny of the mipplitv can In* olitaiiiiNl a< Ivan tap '<>n*<ly in th«* vifinily of th«* plutxi* 
whoHMUHHUil, thofact will In* n«»ti.Nl in «U*tail on tho nN|iiii<itionri hy th«* mnniiiHharici*. 

HriWIKTKN<'K HI'I'lM.ll^y IN HI' UK. 

13ft ft. SuhniKtontv Hiipplii'H <*oinprii«f — 

1. .^iiliHi-t«*niv Hton***. (ini.-iHtinK^'f artirii'H (*«>iii|N»^iii^tlir nition an«l thoM* fnrnif«lu^l 
fi»r Hah* to oilhvn* an«l <*nliHt<^I ni<*n, uIho lantrrn (*an<lh*f^ fi>r stahli* u.<^>. fonun* for U*4*f 
catth*. and marM* ^alt for public aninialH ami rchrinin;:. 

*2. SultHiKti'nn' pro|x*rty, ('<»nHiKtin^ iif the n«N'(*?^iry inraiiFi fnr handling. pn'»H>r>'- 
iri^, iMHiiintr. M'llint:, and aiiNMintin^ for tlu*M* Ht4>r«*t«. 

13ft#. Th«* <'iinnnan<linir o(li<fr of a |Mw<t will nN|iiin* an inventory <if Hil»»i«t«*mv 
Ktorifi on hanti to U* ma^h* l>y the fomnii.xsary in intmid during the laM W(*<*k of ea4*h 
month. If it i** not practieahle for tin* eommi^'Kirv X** takr the inventurv within the 
time nientione«l, he will apply to the eiHiniiandirit; otlictT for the iletjiil <if an otiieer 
to take it, who will <vrtify. <>n the >^tatenietit **i tniins and wai^tiitn*. th«* fa<'t «»f detail 
and the «lat<' on whi<'h h«* t<Mtk th«* inv«*nti»rv: the I'oninii'^arv will eertifv tn amounti* 
«if KaIi)'' An<l wa.'itaki*. When Mich inventory in^lii-ati** that ^ton-s are on hand in 
4*xce?« of the lialanei*^ nhowii hy the n*tiini. thi* 4*X(>e^ uill U> takrn up uiiflt^r the 
h«*Hdinir "<tainf<." t>eticienrii*»> lai-'rotrii't***! hy iKiraisraph i'M'\^\ will lM*4*nter«-<l nn<ler 
the heailinir "Wa^'ta^*." Statfinent^ of irainn an«l u:i>tat:e \iill U* rxaininetl and 
appniv«^l hy the coinmandin^r otti4*«T 

Th«' pref«i*niv of a commiM><iry M'r>r<*ant at a |Hi«t din-* ni»t in any maniu'r n^lieve 
th«* coiiimi«*^ry from n*T<|Min^ihility for the <-:in* of -tilHii^itt'nri* ^nppli«•f. < '<>iiiii>and- 
inif •»t!ii*i'r- "f |M»ytf, a<>4sirilintr to their ri>«|ion*>ihi!itif*« antl •luti*'* a;* ti\f<l and pn»- 
wriU-il h\ lanurrapliH 740 and U. <V2 of tlu-M* nn:ulation.*«. an* to «-an'fnll\ -niwrxiMi* 
theilutif" lit •-••nimif«Nari<'^ lit thfir nf«|NM-tivf |Mr.t.**and not ti»|M*niiit thi'in toiti*\iiIvi* 
their dnt:«*» in any dtiin-** n|Hiii th«* commi-oiiry M^r^eant^. In ra^-t* of |i»*m4««« and 
emU'X/|«'m»«iit.'« tif <«uliMifitenef jiton*?* or proju-rty, iMianln of -urvey. in thi-ir priMii-»|- 
iiilT* and ni-ommenilationH, an* to \n- piidfil hy thf riMiuin'mfiit^ t»f |4irH4:raph. 

13ft7. >fon- I'liittM oil hand, if in lit <i*ii<litioii, \iill U- lir^t i-^nt^il. •N»ld. or 
fhipiM**!. 

I3ft^. An iitfitiT ha\imr oil hand ii{ni\aliiit |iiirt> of the nitioii ■ r*iii-h a- |M>rk, 
l«i'i»ii. and ;^lt Uff: or tloiir. hard hnuiit. iind rurn iii«m1: ^ir licano. |i(-a-4>. riif. and 
hominy viill k«^*p infoniif*! a* U* thf mniiU'r ••( r.ttiiHi- ^if farh a\ailaMf, and 
dfti'riiiiii*' III uhat n-lati\«* pntiNirtiim i>a'-h -fp>iild U* iH^Uftl. an«l \%ill ni|ih*<*t hii* 
t*i»miiiaiiditikr •>t!ii-*'r to diri*«'t *>ti<'h i*w*iii>o a* at*- i"T tin- in(«'n-*t*i ff th** MTxiet*. 

iSlftH. \Vh«-ii artich-^ tif f«MMl in tTi'o'l •■•nditixti iiiriii"hf*l f<<r •>.il«* ha\t' »4i*iimii- 
lati*«l .It :i |*<-t. .tii'l uill lM*f«»iii«« dani.ik^->l if ki|>t ••n li.iii'l -ililx fur •m1«-. th«- fXeeMi 
iiia> U- i*"»Mc«l t*i rr<"ip" in lii'ii «»f pirt* of th«- r.iri-in 'it i-«|M.iI iiixiify \ahii* In taw* 
• •f urti* It— u hii h ar«' f<|iii\alfnt» itf •••int- ••{ th< • • 'inixiiii nt- ••! thi- r:iTt<iii i— •i*-- inav 

\n' iii.idt- .*! th»- rit*-* pn-^rilwl f«»r th iii|x •Mfiit** N«i -t«»ri-» fhn- i— tnil .irr ti» Iw 

Uiiti^ht )<\ thf •-••iniiii*«iir\ a* •Nil Ml) hT" 

iStHO. Wlif li • aiiiii**l iH-v-f I'r i-aniif>l Uik^-l )« .in* :i« « niiiiilaTf .it .i |»>*r iii*-\«**«*« 
of aii(i< Msiti d dfiii.ind- for tni\fl ration* nr f<<r ".il*-, rln \ iii.n. 1" i>M-\ii.t l>>*« h\ 

• f 

•hti ri'-raM'!.. \»- i<Miiii|. ii|Hin tl nh-r --f *\,»- • •.•iini.in l.rik* "Mt* »-r. .it thi- r.it.-- pre- 

«* riU"«l f'lr fli«»*f iirtii lf«i vkln-n (••iifl jip- lurt* i.f thi- tr.i\fl rafe>ii 

I3AI* ^■i^p'i-tt-nff •npplh** in i^i'mI fiidi*i<>ii ^'i' ri<'t rt-*|uir«*<1 i'*" <!-« . m-II lie 
itl*|H0i«^| iif iindiT thf •lin-f tloii ttf thf < ••iiii.ii-- .irv «tini-r.il lii nr-j* iM t.i-M- -iirh 



186 TRANSFERS, GAINS, WASTAGE, AND DEFICIENCIES. 

as 8U(lcleu al)aii(ionmeiit of a post, liability to rapid deterioration, etc., they may be 
sold, or otherwifcH; pn>i)erly disiH)KMi of, on the re(*oniniendation of an inH|ieeting 
officer approve<l by a eoninianding gt»neral. 

1369. Empty l>arn>ls and lM>xes, hides, tallow, and other like prof^erty not required 
for public use, the tlisposal of which is not otherwise provide<l for, will l)e carefully 
preserved ami sold as may Ih» convenient. 

1363. Sulwistence supplies will not Ik? transfernMl gratuitously t<» another staff 
department, nor obtainiHl, inHueil, sold, or otherwise dis()osiMl of, except as authorizeil 
by regulations. 

TBANSFKKS IN HULK. 

1364. When subeietence supplies an* to Ih» tninsjM>rttHl, the invoicing c^Hnmiflsary 
will make timely nniuisition in writing uiN>n the pro|)er quartermaster, stating as 
nearly as ]H>ssible the kind and amount of sup]>lies to W tninsjMirttMl, when they will 
l>e ready for delivery, when they should n»a<*h their dt^stination, and any other infor- 
mation ri'lating thereto which the quartermaster should iMjssess. The connnissary 
will give the quurtennaster invoices in duplicate of tlie {>a<'kages and their c<jnt«nti9 
as marknl and obtain from liim receipts in duplicate. The <*ommissary will for- 
wanl similar invoici^s in duplicate to tht> con.*4igniH* and obtain receipts in <luplicate 
from him. 

136ft. If the riHtMving counnissary finds any discrt»pancy l)etwtH*n the invoices 
an<l the (quantities, des<>rii>tions, or (*ondition of the supplies nn^eivtHl, not attributa- 
ble to onlinury wastage in trans{>ortation, he will at once i^pply to the <'ommanding 
officer for a lK>ard of survey to as<'ertain the (piantity and nature of the discn»pancy 
and fix the n.'SjHmsibility therefor. The reiviving commissary will transmit to the 
invoicing officer n^ceipts in dupliiiite for the supplies actually rtH-^'ivtMi, stating on 
the riH'eipts the dis<»rt'|Mincyas<vrtaine<l and how, and will lile a c«)py of the pn»ct»e<l- 
ings of the boanl with his rt*turn. The invoicing olllcvr will tile with his n*tum the 
reivipts a(^<■om])anie<l by the <|uartennaster*s retvipts. 

1366. When sul»sistence supj)lies an» tninsfern*<l by om* commissary to another 
at the same station, the invoicing and n'ceiving coinmi?<siiri4*s will exchange dupli- 
cate invoict's and nM-eipts then»for. Should any of the suppli«»s n«»t Im* in giMwl con- 
<lition, a Inmrd of survey will Ik* applieil for at once to examin<' and n*|M»rt niM>D 
them. The condition a^ determineil by the IhuihI will Ik* iioteil u|»on the invoices 
and rtreipts, anil a nn»y of the prtHHtMlings will acconqkiuiy ca«"h ntlicer's n>tunis. 

<i.\INS, WASTAOK, A.\l» 1»KFI<'IKN<IF>. 

1367. Wastage will U' n»|M>rtiHl not <in the presumption that it exists or will 
exist, but on the fact that it actually exists as detennin(>il by the mtnithly inventory. 
It is not aIl<»w«Ml tm fresh Invf furnish(*<l dinn'tlv bv a ci»ntra«*tor. (iains art* taken 
Upas re4|uin'd by (Kiragniph l.'V>f>. 

136m. Actual, unavnidable wa.Mage, iMiMirrin^ duriiiir tnins|H>rtati<tn nr n^sultinir 
from evaponttinn, Imkaire, etc., itr in makim; issues and sdt^s. may U* a<-f(innt<Nl for 
as wa>tage N^Iicn the amount d«H*s not exifcil thn'c (mt c«>nt in i'as«' «•! salt mt^atf*, 
salt lish, flour, lianl bread, cnrn meal, sugar, soap, salt. ni<>hu-S4's, i-vnip. drinl fniit, 
or pickles; or «»ni' |ht «**'nt in «*:l'h* of U'an.^, |H'ase, rice, hominy, «*<»ffi*e. tea. i*;indlei«, 

or iK'pjKT. 

1369. Salt and viiifinir us<»il in n»brining »ir pickliui;. and wa>tr "i Mun's in nver- 
hauiing an<) rr|tii«'kin;:. \\'\\\ In* ao'ountctl fur by the ctTtilicatc ••! tlu* mmmiivar}' 
approval by the r«immandini; otliciT. 



DEFICIENCIKfl, OTORKHorSB^, KRKSII MKATS, THK KATloN. 187 

13T#« I N'firit*iiri(*f« (*X(*«*«*4rnitr th«* iK*ni'iit»^*r' «<Iict'itif«I in |ttinii;ni|»li VMM, nr in 
arti4*l(t< fur uhirh h limit of wiu«t:i|!«' in iMt tlu-nMii iiKlii-xit***!. nr uriMri^ frtuii 1i«wh 
byHtniyiti(! nr lUiith of lnwim, nr vrn»i> in tln'ir i*!^tiiuatiil ii**! ^rijjht.or fniiii hn^mi* 
by tlu'ft, tiri', or v«*niiin, or fn»ni ilvfh'ivnt nr iiiiHiitalilt* in«'ani' *4 Moniui*. «•!«•. . \%iH U» 
ftcc«Hiiitc<l for (It hv tiounlH i»f Mirv«>v: **2- l>v !itli<l:i\it»: \'.U bv (*«*rtiti«*at4'H nf <lii*- 
int<Ti9(ttil <'(»niiiii»*iinrH>«l oHiivn*. lUianN nf MirM-x j-IimiM ^tMUTuIly n'|M»rt u|M>n 
mirti «l<*ti4*icii«'ic>i, atlMuvitK i>r fi*rtili<*uti*«' Ikmii^ imi! nnly in «iix-?« whvn* ilu' aniniiiit 
iiiv«ilv«<«l i- v«*ry Hinall. nr wIh'Ii it i^ inipnicticaMi' tn a>M>nil>If a )>oanl. 

19TI« Th«* facts aii<l quantititn* invnlvf«l will Im* fully -H't fi>rtli in all atlitlavitn or 
4t*niti4iit«*?* a4*i*«iiintiii^ for lnNH«*}4or «*xtninnlinary \\:L-tav^'. anil in i-4Ttiti4-ut4t<nf Kt4)reH 
4>r i»ri»|M»rly tx|i4'n«l«*il in |>n*HT\injr Hi|i|iiit?«. NN'lun l«»!.s mf iinprn|MT ir«<ii«* of i«in>- 
pli4'9i h* riot r4atif<fa4'torily 4'XplHin4'«l. thfir <*•'^t viill iN-takfii n|inn ili«Mi4*count i*nrn>iit 
(if tilt* H4i'niintul>lt« o(li4'«'r. 

iSlTti. Corn finMihiH \i«irn out in tin* iHT\ir«> in tin- Sul»«i«t4>n«'4* lH-|iartnH*nt may 
lie ilro|i|i4il from tin* rt'lnniH nf ^ulM-ti'm*** |>in|N-rt\ \%itli<iut thi-attinn nfa UianWtf 
inir\'4'y nr nf an inh|K'«*tin^ ntliiiT. 

13T3. Stnn*hnUM*}*. Hhc«l>>, |*aulin;<, *tr nthiT nu-an^ *>i «'(iv<>rini; anil proti^iinfc 
ini!ii*iKt4*ii(t* r>u|>|>lit*^ will nniinarily In* |in>\iil«*il l»y tli«*<^uartt'imiL-t4'rV lH*iiartm«Mit. 

1374* < '4iuimipf4in«*M will mak<* <laily in*>|Hiii<>n!« of thfir ^Inn'llt»tl•^•»<; m**- tluit 
th4*y an* kept tlry ami W4*ll \4*ntilat4*«l; that tin- »iiir«'o art* pmticrly i-anii for: tliat 
lttrn*l}«anil liU(*k**tr>of wat«*ran«l otlu*r nit*an« ••{ «-\tinjui-liin'j Iir«f*an'n*ii4ly fur u}«i*, 
anil that all pro|i4'r prf4itutionH an* taki'ii X** iruanl akniin-t l<i-« 

137A. ('i«il 'lil. ^un|M»Wil«*r, ijuirklimi-. nr Mtht-r artirli- «>f likf •huurfmii.- nature 
will nnt fi«* k4*pt in nr n«tir i<ulir<if«t«'n«'** ht«in'hnu«4*«. 

|S|7#. Kn***!! m«*atf< fitiui th«* fil«N*k will usually Im* prnvi'lf*! f<ir trM*|ii4 hy 4i»ii- 
tnn't. lU-vf mttU* will U* piin-ha<^-*l ••iily \%hiiihiit — ;iry i<>r ••upplyini; Im-«>i ti*tr*«i|»t 
in i'ani|«iii;ii <*r itn th** m;in h. 

Till, l: \r[><\ 

1977. V rati*. II i- thfall*>wanif f«ir tin- -u»-i-i#'Im •■••( ••m- |i«T*i»n fi»r .•»i«*»la\ uihI 
varit- III I ••iii}iiin«itt- a«-i'i»nliij;; !•• tin- -t,iti<>fi ••i tht tr<->|*« ..r tin- natun* 'if tin* <liily 
|»'rf»»niiii|. Uimr •i«\i*r;ill\ kii«i\iit a- thf LMrr;--:. r.iTi**!.. tIm- lii I<1 ration, tin* tra\i*l 
nti'iii. aii'l till* «'!ii«*ri^-ni'\ r.i(ii>n Th<- LMrri-«>ii r.it ••n i- i— ut-l t<itriM>|M in irarri"«in 
*»T ill |Mrni.iit«'iii iaiii|i«. thr Ih-M r.ith'ii !•• tr ■• ]- r. *!.#■ tt> i<i in ai ti\f i'.iiii|aiirn. tin* 
lrH\« I rati'iii ?•• tri*<.|i<. tra\*>hii&; ••ihi-ru i*4- 1 ti.ni ■ -x lu.ir. Iiiii.' ••r. u h«'ii fi<r »hi<rt {ivrinilri, 
thf\ .in- •^■par.tl«'*l fniin riMikittt; fa<'iiiii* <-. .iii>i itn • mh r^ri-in \ r.iti'Wi !•• triwi|i*» in 
a* ti\i> • aiti|4iii;n t<<r n*** itn •■ni«'ri^>iii ••< .i-h'ii* 

137^. I 111 i-tt-fl iiii'i). pri<-* 'tn'r** of \%ii- n* i:T.ir\ pr.x-r.i r-.it |«'«tf», h'iopilal iM.itPiiipt, 
iin*l iiiir-*— ill tlif Niir*i' < f ir|i« an* «*ai'li • n'lt.^ •! *■••■?,• r.iTi<.ii ju kiipl }• r 'l.ix . .!• i'<inl* 
inc t" tl>* -t.itj«-ti ..r till ii.itnri- ••! tin -• n^ :■ . •\it|*!!..il IiiiTm - .iri- ii'<t i-iitiTJt •{ to 
niti"it« M l.ii*- (r.i\ 11111;^'. an«lwliiit th«- r.itf -i p.(\ •■! .i<.'.ih.iii *iiipl>vt«| Mithtlii* 
ArTii\ •!•••- !■••! i-\if«il S><* |«'r Mtiinili. .iii'i tr.t t r< -iti.-T.uti • - ••! hi" -• r\ ii t- inaki- it 

iM-1 f-^-.ir > .ii.<l th* ti rill* I'f hi* t-ii^Mji Illicit |.|..\i'i« : r .' ?l,.f tv '* i--)ii*l t.> Inm. 

lit kill- 1, -ii* ij.irri-Miii ,,r In I" I ra!i"ii |« r -Lix .ii • ••f'l.i.j t.- Mt* » \it:i !■• jt - ■ i U,» * mm* 

1979. K.itioii- w ill )i« lurni-lM«l t*- ••(Ih • r- .11. -l ■•.•:.- t *lit \|ariiit- < '-ri*- .iii>l In 
iitlii • r» aii-l >t.iiii*iii<f iIh N.iv \ u ht II .1* tti.^' r .• -it.li.j ^-.ii? ;'.»■- iit-r.itiiin 

with till l.iii'Mi-ri-f« MJ thf 1 infill """Ta*!--. .1 ! 1.1 . S- !t,f ri-',iiirt fiH III- ■•! -••d*- 

tinii It •.;..! till- 1C«*\1^<«1 Suiiittv 



180 TRANSFERS, GAINS, WASTAGE, AND DEKTCIENCIKS. 

as t«ii(i(l(>n alxincloniiifiit of a post, liability to rapid (Ictcriomtion, otr., thoy may he 
sold, or otllt»r\vi^^o projK'rly (lisiMt^Ksl of, on the nH*oiumen<lation of an infi|ie<'tin(C 
offitvr approvtKi l)y a roniinan<Iin>; ja»m*ral. 

136d. Empty Imrri'is ami Im>x('h, hidt^n, tallow, anil othor likv ])rr)iH'rty not roquire<l 
for public* list', the disiK»sal of which in not otherwine j)rovidtHl for, will Ik* turefiilly 
preserveci and soM as may Ih» convenient. 

1363. 8iil)sistence suitplii's will not Ih* transferre<l gratiiitoiinly to another ntaff 
department, nor obtaine<l, iH8ue<l, sold, or titherwist* ditii)osiHl nf, except as aitthorized 
by regulations. 

TKANSFKKS IX BCLK. 

1364. When sul)Histence wipplieearc to U' tninsiMirttsl, the invoi<>in(;coniniiHpary 
will make timely nM|uisition in writing u{M>n the proiK^r quartermaster, stating as 
nearly as ]M)ssil)le the kind and annmnt of supplies ti» Ik' trans |M)rte<l, when they will 
Ik? rea<lv for «ieliverv, when thev should reach their destination, and anv other infor- 
mation relating then'to which the quartermaster sh<«ild |m)s«'ss. The commiiwary 
will give the quarternuister invoices in duplicate of the ]iackagi'»i and their (*<>ntentti 
as marktMl and obtain from him retvijtts in duplicate. The connais.ssiry will for- 
wanl similar in void's in duplicatt; to the consigncH* and obtain recH'ijits in duplicate 
from him. 

1365. If the reiviving <*<Mnmissary timls any dis*Tc|«uicy U'twiH^n the invoice*? 
and the quantities, desi'riptions, or condition of the supplies rcccivetl. not attributa- 
hie to onlinary wastage in trans{M.>rtation, he will at onc<- apply to the comnmndiug 
officer for a U»ard of survey to ascertain the (piantity and nature of the disi>n^paney 
and lix the resiH>nsibility therefor. The re<viving commissary will transmit to the 
invoicing ottic-tT nreipts in duplicate for the suj«plics actually rc<*eivc<l, stating on 
the re<'eij>ts the dis<'rt»pancy if^cfrtaintNl an<l h<>w, an<l will lilc a coj>y of the j)nM*eeil- 
ings of the Ixiard with his return. The invoicing otlicer will tih' with his n*tuni the 
reivipts accompanie<l by the quartenna>t«T's nnvipts. 

1366. When sul>sistence supplies an* transferre<l by one commissary to another 
at the same station, the invoicing and ri'ceiving commissaries will exchange dupli- 
cate invoice's aiitl n»ceipts therefor. Should any of the .><npplies not Im- in giHul mii- 
ditittn, a Inmnl of survey will Ik' ap])Iie<l for at once to examine antl refMirt U|Mm 
them. The i-t»iiditioii as determincil by the l»oard will U' noted u|N>n the invoieei! 
and re<*eipts. ami a <'«»py «if the pn)cee<lins;s will accompany each olliier's returns. 

OAINS, W\STA<;K, AM) l)KFiriKNrih>«. 

1367. W:istai;e will l>e re]M>rte<l not on the presumption that it <'xists or will 
exist, but on the fact that it actuallv exists as determined bv the moni hi v inventory. 
It is not allowtnl «in fresh Ui'f furnisheil direi'tlv bv a c<intract<ir. <iains an' taken 
up as re«|uinMl by par.igniph I.T)»». 

136M. Actual, imavoiilabie waMaire, 4M'currin^ durimr trans|Mirtation or resulting 
from evap«»rati«»n. leakau'e, et«-.. or in makini; i>su«'s an^l sdi's, may Ik* ai-c<iunted for 
as wastai;e when the anntunt iloes iitit e\ce«'d thn>e jK^r cent in ta>e •>!* salt nii*at(«, 
siilt lish. ll«»ur, bard bread, cum meal, sugar. s«»ap, salt. ui'»l:L-.»^e>. >\rup. (Iriinl fniit, 
or pii-kle*; or *m*' per i«*nt in i-ia^' <»f U-ans. |M*ase, ri«"e, hiuiiiny, ci»ffif. ti'a. candleM, 
<ir iK'pjHT. 

1369. Salt ami vimvar u--*'*! in n-brinimr "ir pickliiiL'. anil wa-^ti- «•!' sti»res in i>vcr- 
hauliiur and nimikiuL'. will U* aei<innt«'d fi»r by the certilieale xi the (itnuniiMiry 
approve<l by the iummandini; otlicer. 



DEFICIENCIEfl, ftTORKHOl'SES, FRKSH MKATS, THE RATION. 187 

13T#. I Vfioit»ii«'Mi* «• Xf •<•«•« Un^f th«' jHTti'iitiivri*** f-iMM-ilii-*! in |»iinH!ni|ih VM\7, nr in 
artirleH for uhii*li h liiiiit of wfi»<tuf^* if imt tliinMii iiMli«iiti-<l, or ttri>ii)»; from Iih^hw 
byHtrayiti^ or lUiith of Ihw****, or frrorn in tlu'ir «*MiinattHi ni*t wi'ijrht.or fniin l«e*«t* 
by thffi, fm-. or vermin, or fn>ni «lHirit*nt or niiMiitahh* nn-jiiiH «»f Monijn*. Hi\, will U» 
acfvHintiMl fnr < 1 1 hv UmnU* of Hirv<'v: cjt 1>v utli<lavitH; i.'ti l)v <vrtiti4'at4'H of ilin- 
int(*rii<t4'<l foninii»*iion<*(l otritvn'. Il«uinl.>« i»f '•iir\<>\ r*linnlil p>n<*rally n'fMirt ii|Mm 
tnu'h «l<*tiri(*n(*it>i<, atfiilavitH or «t*rtiti('atti4 )hmii;; iiMtl niily in cum*!* when* tin* amount 
invoIv(«il i* v«*ry nmaU. or when it in imiini4'ti«*a1>li> tn ;b>rHMnl)t<* a Umnl. 

I9TI. Till* iiU'b* an<i <{uantiti4*r« iiivolv<*«I \%iil U- fully K't forth in all atlitiaviu* or 
4t*rtiti<iit«i4 a4>(*i»untint; for lof«4(i4i>r 4*xtrHi>nlinary ua^tju^*. ami in t*4'rtili4'at4*ri tif Ht«im« 
4»r |»ri»|i4*rty **xn4*n«l4*4l in |ir4'j*4*r\inj! »«u|)|iliis. WIm'u 1•^^*J• or im|>n»|i4T i}4<U4-«»f huj>- 
pli4v if not Hati><fa4'torily4*xplain4il, their t*i*Ht will U* lakfii u|i<»n th4*u4*(*ount (*urn>nt 
4if iIm* a4*4*«»untahl4* <»tii4'4*r 

137!i. (*4irn hnMiniH worn <»ut in tlu* M*rvii-«* in tin* Sul»?>iM4-n('4' iH'iKirtnu'iit iimy 
Im* ilro|>|i4«il fn»ni tin* n*tuniH tif }>uliNi>t4*n<'«' pro|HTt\ \iithoui tin* action of a lMianl4)f 
stirwy or of an inH|i4'«*tin^ otliitT 

K|OKKIHH>J>. 

1373* Ston'hoUM-^. Hh4<<l)«, |iaulin*<. i>r other nK-ann of cdverin^ an<l |»rot4'<*tinfC 
inilif*iKt4*ntt* i>up|»li4*« will ordinarily U* ppivith*!! hy th«*(^uart4'rmii.ot4'r'r* I>4*|iartm4>nt. 

13T4« ('omnli^r4lri4•?i will niak4* «laily in»>|MMtionH 'if th<-ir Mun-hoUM*?*; mh* that 
th4«y art* k4*pt ilry an«l W4*ll V4*ntilat4'«l; that th«- Mures are projierly (-an**! for: tlmt 
lairn'lHanil hu4'k4*t<*of wat4*ranil ttther meann «if e\iiii.;ni?>hini: !ir4f*an*n'iiily for um*, 
•ml that all pnt|i4*r pn*4'uutionH an* tak4'n tn iruanl ai^niin-t !<-«• 

I«i7ll. r4«il nil, t;un|i4iW'(Ier, «|ui4'klime. <>r i>ther artiele- nf like •lant:4-roi]f« nature 
will nt»t U* k4*pt in or iwht t!ubHif<t4'n4*4* ht<tn'hi>uo4*7>. 

137#. Fn-?<)i UH'aif* finm tin* l»l«M'k viill u?>iially In* pn>viile<| fur tr ni|«4 hy «-«in- 
tnn't. Il4*ef mttlewiil )i4' pun'ha<«ei| iinly when neee7>>;iry f>*r ^upplyinl; Nff t«itnH*|vi 
in eainiiai^ii 'ir on the niari h. 

I«i77. V niti'Mi t« ilieallowariei* fi>r thf-iiiH.|.tefii-f ff ••lie |ier>«»n ftir «i'ie«la\ an4| 
varii-* in i'iim|wineni" a<i'<iriliii;! t«> tlie -tatiiui "t tin- tr«"i|i** «>r the natnn* of ilie thity 
|p»Tf«»nneil, Uini* M'\erall\ kh<»wii a-* tin* kMrri-.:i r.i!i««r.. the lielil nitinn. tin- trav4*l 
ntifU. an«l the ••nieri^-m-y raii*»n Th** iram**'!! r.it:<>ii i- i-oue'l ti*lr<Ni|ip<i in |rarri*«*n 
4»r in |M'rin;trient e;ini|>*, tin* iieUI rati«>n !•• int.i|t- I'l i}.*- in-lil in ai'ti\e eaiii|<iiirn. the 
lrH\el ration !■• trinip- tnt\elinhr<ither\%i'>e th.iii ^\ man iiiiij ••r. w hen f••r^h<•rt |ieri«Ml)i, 
lhi-\ ar«" <-«parate«l fntiii i*-*kin^ fai iliti*-. iiU'I thi- f rm rjetnv rati<in t«» ln»i»|i(- in 
ai ti\e • aiiipaiu'r) t^r ii««- iin 4-nierv:ent *» ■ .i-:>>ii« 

I Si 7^. !■ iih-li i| im*n. pri*«iner* ».f w;i- Mii.il.ir \ |'r;-..ii«T-,4t |»»-t^, h'^pitul tii.itr*«n', 
an«l iitir-^— in ih** NunM* i \irip* an- eai-h • uTif i« -i t-. .•!.• r.itii'n m kin«l j- r 'l.i* . a- f'tril- 
in^ I" till- •t.itioii iif thi iiatnn- tti ihi- -• r\ :• • • \< • { : tli.ti i.itr<-«— at*- n<<i entitli *\ t«i 
niti«*ri- \% lii:i' lr.i\ehtiL'. an>l \i h« n the rati- •'! \ui\ ••[ .i<r.ilian enipl>>\f^l Mithth4* 
Ar!ii\ ill*-- u«»t »'\ii'«-«l ^«ii |i«>r Hii'iith. aii'l tilt- I n un— t.iiii • ■• .-i hi- •>« rvi* i- make it 
n« e* ->.ir« . .liiil the term- 'if III* «-iiu'iUr« Mi*-!«t |>rti\i<ii t i -i Tl.t r> !ii.i\ t^- lo-iii-*! ti> him, 
nt kiiel. ••Ill uMrri"*in i-r tieM rattan \m r *U%\ . :ii ■ • T'Ii'.^' ?•• \\i* * x'.kTefii u— ••( the « ajMtv 

lSi71l. iLitS'iii-i will l« jnrni-he>l to ••III* • r« .i!.l •!.• I. • I Th« Nfariin' < ••t}** aM«l l«* 
mIIii t r»i ait'l -• aiiieii i<l tht- Na\\ u heri .utiiij r -..t ,«(.l]i.;f t><.iif p. • •■••}i*-r.ith»n 
with tilt- l.iiel lorecM itf thf I ntli«l >r.itf-. :!, • :"ttiiiM t.> ;|h n i|ii:ri irit itt* ••! -•i'- 
liiiii lli:*«*l tin- IC4'\l^^l Statut4fi 



188 



THE GARRISON RATION. 



13HO. The kintlH and quantitieH of articles compoBing the garrison ration, the 
field ration, and the travel ration, and the quantities conii>tite<l for 100 rationn, are 
an follows: 

1. GARRISON RATION. 



ArtlcleH. 



MKAT <t»MI*UNKNTM. 



Fifsth lM*ef 

or irvsh inutuui. when the <x>»«i d(H*M not 
oxcetHl that of beef 

or httcon 

or cunniKl inoHt. wh<*n impracticable to fur- 
nish fresh meat 

<ir <lried Hsh 

or piekh><l fish 

or canned lish 



BRKAIi <X)MP<)NKNT8. 



Flour 

or Hof t bread 

or hanl hreail. to Ik? <»rtlere<l is»ue<l only when 

iuipracticable to ilm.' flour or Poft bread 

<ir eorn lui'al 



VKlil'rrAKLK «"OMPONKNTH.- 

Beanfl 

or |M?aM; 

or rice 

or hominy 

IN»tHt<K*« 

or |N)tMloes li'l ounci>M and (mioiui 3| ouneeo . . . 

or |K>latocN I'il ounceM and canned tomatoes 3| 
ounces 

or iKitatoes Hi ounces an<l other frenh ve^eta- 
bU*!* (not canniHl) 4| ounces, when they can 
1h^ obtained in the vicinity or tranj«iM»rti'd 
in a wholejHmie condition from a distance... 

i»r ilesi«M'rtte<l veKelables*.-' when impracticable 
to funiLnh fn-Mi vegelablej* 

KRriT C«»MI»oNKNT. 

I)rie<l or evaiK»rat«Ml fruits n>rune"*. apples, or 
I»eachi»si, ;tt) |M»r cent of th»' iwue to Ik* pruiu*s. 
when practicable 



iOKKKK AMI sruAll roMll»NKNTS. 

t'ofTc*', Krei'U 

or n Misted ami Kr«»und colTee 

or teji. blark or green 

Sugar 



SKASoMNW loMIMNK.NTS. 



Quantities per 
ration. 

Ounces. (iills. 



QuantitieH jier lUO rations. 



ViUfgar 

or vinegar /. gill ami cucumlM>r pickU*s ^ gill 
Salt 

IVplMT. blH«'k 



f-»\l' \VI» « VNhl.K roMI-ii-NKNT^. 

S<mp 

Cumlifs* iMhni illumination is not furnished by 
the ljuart«Tinii-t«T'*^ l>e|Nirtment) 



20 . 

20 I. 

M2 '. 

Iti I. 

14 . 

IH . 

Iti i, 



18 
IH 

1(> 
20 



Pounds. 


Ounc 


VK. 


Galluna. 


125 








125 






75 


*.::::::::: 




lUO 




• • • • 

8 

8 




87 






112 

KM) 





112 
112 

lUO 
125 



1 

8 
8 












t In .\lii>ka. Idouiiro Imeon or. when desiriHl. \u ounces salt |xirk or 21' «ium-c!« -Nilt ticef. 
-Ill AUfka tlif iilloviaix-e of fre*(h vrgeialili*<^ will tw 24 ounces iiutead of 10 ouncea. 
■ In AliL^ka. M, ounces in»t<-ad of 2i( ounco. 
* In .Vla>ka. ,'-, ounce insteml <»f fg ounce. 



CLOTHING AND EQUIPAOK. 179 

cold nvioiiH aii<l to tnN>|M4 HtationtHl at Wi^st 1N)iiit. ui»on the approval of the <I<>]»art- 
nient (f)iiiinaii<l(>r or the head of the Htaff dei>artiiient or c*or|)t<, a^ the cane may In^at 
the rate of one i>air of initteiu* and one trap i>er man (kt annum. The voucher will 
show that thin i}(sue is ^ratuitouH antl ma<le within ttie alnive allowamv. lH»«ue.s in 
exee»*H of such allowamv will U» charjrwl to the men at re^ilation j)ri<*es. In <^a«» of 
htt<s or deHtnietion of any of said artirU*H of gratuitous issue without fault or ne^rleot 
on the i>art of the soldier t<> whom they have Ikvu intruste*!, and so certified to ])y 
the imme<liate command in); otticer, then t tie article or artictt*s so lost or destroy e<l 
may Ik* repla<iMl without charjfi* to the soldier. 

1314. Whenever the ntvessity for the issue is certifiiMl hy tlie post commander, 
fur ^untlets and (*a|>s, and woolen mittens, conforming to |»attenis in the otiicv of 
the (iuartcrmaster-iieneral, will Ix? i8sut*<l at Viyst prices at the rate of one |)airof 
gauntlets antl mittens, and one cap to each enlisted man ]>er annum. Thiwe articles 
do not form |iart of the annual money allowance for clothing. 

131ft. Then' will also Im' i.<«sue<l to troo{>s statiomnl in extremely cold regions, 
when the ne<t»ssity for such i.*<8ue is <'ertitie<l hy the \H»i commander, fur or hlanket- 
lint**! <iinv2t*' overcoats, hut only to men jH*rforming gtianl tluty <»r lield s«*rvice, when 
ex|K»surc to weather wouhl j(H.>{»anli7.e lif<* or limits hy fnn'zing. The c4»atsshoul<l ))e 
lN>rne «>n the n>turns as tHpiii^age and chargi>d to enlisted men only in cas(> of loss or 
damage other than from onlinary wear an<l tear. If made of fur tliey will on the 
approach of warm wt^ther l)etunu'<l over to t lie quartermaster, who will ol>st»rve the 
following directions for their preservation: 

1. Kx|M)s<' them to the sun and then iH'at them with a light twig or rattan, making 
sure that all m<»th eggs, sh<»ul<l any have In^n de|H»sittMl, are <U»stroye<l. The expo- 
sure should Im* th<»n>ugh ami the lM.*ating vigorous, hut not severe enough to injure 
the fur or |H»lt. 

2. He|>air (*oats n«*e<ling it ( using for the i>ur]M)s<*, as far Hi* practicahle, such articles 
of a c<»rresjM aiding character as can not again Ih» n»ndertNl st»rvict»ahle) and then i>ack 
in iNtxes well liiH*il with |H'tn)leum an<l wrapping ]>a]K*r (the latter lH.Mng next the 
jpmmIs), exercising ciire that no hoU*s (»r other oiK>nings an* left in the wrap|)er« for 
moths to enter. S4H*urely nail the lK)xes and paMe pjiiK*r ov<t all joints. Sutlicient 
|H*trolfnm pa}K'r may n>ually 1n> ohtaineil from hrokcn jmckages 4if clothing <»|)en(*<l 
for issue, and, shouM it dry from agt* or use, it can Ik' fresh(>iUHl hy nihhing into the 
surfat^' coal oil. lN>ing can>ful not to us4' enough to {MMietrate the wnipping iuiiht. 

1316. The <2<i*^rtcniiit«<ter*s Deiuirtment is auth«»riz(Nl to jKiy fn)m the appropria- 
tion for clothing and (Npiiitagc a sum not cxtHHiiing $!..')() for tlu* laundry work of 
("a^'h niTuil at rendezvous and stations who hu'^ no funds of his own. The ex|M*ndi- 
tun>\%ill U* eliaP4«*4i on the clothimr account of the reiTuit and so ii(»te<l «in his 
descriptive and as^il^nIllent <'anl. 

1317. t 'oiiiniandiii:; otlicers mav onler neces*<;irv issui's (»f i'lolhing to inilitar\* 
pris«mep- w h*i have no clothing allowance, troiii de>erters' or other danuigt^ I clothing 
when there i- •iiuh in ^ton*. or from clothing siMM-jally pnividtnl for the pnr|Mis«*. The 
H'f'eipt ••! th«' i»tticer in chanre >*( the priyMnu-r^ will Ik- the <niarterinjL-t«'r'»- voiieluT 

for ^Uch i>-Me. 

131^. rin' i— -ue ti»gen«'nil piis«iners employ id at i»n!ilin»r laUir in M-ven* \\<atfier 
at iiiilitarx |hi*i». «»i Mich overi'«»at.-, «»versh«M'>. \\<"»],'ii initirii-. an«l fiarirul -hiif-a-. 
in the judjnieiit 'jI the department ciiininaihit-r. rnax ••♦• in«i->-ar\ 1" j.rt\i nt -uII»t- 
ing, ir* anth'iri/t •!. 

i3if^. < iratiiit«»u» i^-Mi"- mI ijiithin-j may !•«■ i'a«l«'. lui-li i th'- j-r"\ !-i"ii- ■<! -i< ii..ii 
lU'.'S, \U\ i-M'ii Statute-, !•► ii'placi- arti« lt> .l.-t r ••>•-- 1 l" |in\ » fii tl,. -jt.-.i.l .i . ..i.t.iji- 
<»Uf "linM^— . U|"»n I he •rrtilicati' Mt an •.lliti-r ih.i! ;i.»' < !.•? hinj w .i- ~ ■ .1» >ir«>\ i«l ii|Min 
the n-ciMMineiidatii'n <>| the inc^iiral ••t!ii<T natii« •!. 



190 THE TRAVEL RATION, LIQUID COFFEE. 

tiiiu' or platv \vhon» n»>r»lar rations are obtainable. It will Ik* carritil in the haver^ 
sack or «nIdh'l>a^H, an«l a«roiinti»<l for at insjKVtion, etc., by the HoMier. It will not 
Ik» oiK'ni**! exrept by onler <if an offuvr, or in extremity. If improperly ojwned or 
lost the money valui* will Im» charp><l a^inst the sohlier. 

13M*|. Fn*sli meats will onlinarlv 1h» issue<l seven <lavs in ten an<l Halt nieHtHthret* 
clays in ten. If tish (dritMl, piekletl, or canned) is issmsl it will l)e in Biibntitutiou of 
salt meat. The proportion of the meat ihwni^s to troojis may bo varied at the discre- 
tion of ileiKirtmeiit eonniianders, not, however, without due consideration being 
given to the eipii table rights of <'ontrac*tors enpi^'d in fnrni.*4)iin^ fn^h mc^ts to the 
tn>oi>s under tlieir commands. Whenever the issue of Inith the fn»sh meat and 
vegetable (M)m]M>nents is impracticable, there may Ik* issuetl in lieu of them i^anned 
fn*sh-l)et»f-an<l-vej:i*table stew, at the rate of 2SJ ounctv to the ration. The meat 
component to wliirh the sick in hospital, drawing rations in kind, are entitled niay, 
at the discri'tion of the me<lical officer, Ik? calle<l for antl issueil wholly in frewh beef, 
or jmrtly in fn»sh Uvf and partly in salt meats. 

13!i(4. When troops are not suppliiMl with fresh or desiccattnl vegetabk^M in kind 
by the commissary, or when umler paragraph Ii'>4 the troojwj raise vegetabUv for their 
own lUKi in |M>st jranlens, and such use dtn's not prejudicv the interests of any con- 
tractor un<ler his contract fi»r supplying fresh vt»getables to the |M»et, (*om mutation of 
the fresh vegi*table portion of their rations will \k* allowiMl by the commiraary at the 
prices of ])otat4K>s and onions in the vicinity of the {xist, or in the market from which 
the (K>st is suppliinl, in the pn»{M)rtion of Hi) \ier cent of i>otat(K'8 and 20 percent of 
onions, the commutation prices Wing determintN I monthly by the chief oommiaeary 
of thedej)artment in which the iH>st is situated. When* the rai.^'ing (►f vi^'tables in a 
|K>st g:inl(>n is contemplatiil the post couunissary, with the appn)val of thei>o0tcom- 
mander, will notify the chief cnmmi.«<sary of the |K*riod during which the i)ost garden 
will Ih» relie«l u|w)n for veirt^tablt^s, and that iK'ri(Ml will Ik; exivpted from the opera- 
tion of any contnu'l that may Ik* math* inr suj>plying vegetables to the jHwt. 

I;|N5. At |M»sis and .-tation!- when' ilhnnination is furnishtNl by the (piartemias- 
ter*s de]Kirtment, candles an* not issued as fuirt of the ration except to individuals 
whom it is n(»t practicable f«»r that (leiKirtment to supply with illuminanta. 

i:tN6. When tnHips su]iplietl with travel rations arrive at their dcKtination or 
n*join tluMr station, such of the tnivel rations furni^hcd them in excess of the time 
actuallv ctiusumcd bv the iournev as mav Ik* in ir«MHl rondition will Ik* tunteil in to 
the comniis.siry in «'\('han;:e for the n^ular nition, and sul^i.>«tence U|Min the lattvr 
will thereupon Im* immediately re>ume<l. 

lSiM7. In a<lju>ting elianro to U* m:Mle against enli.^tiHl men or others on actimnt 
of incn-aH"*! e\pcn>e to the <H>vernmi*nt fi»r their subsist eno*. the value of the garri- 
son «ir lield nitioii will U' estimatetl at 2() o'Uts each; that of the travel ration at 40 

centf. 

i.iurin coFKKK. 

ISINN. When i'nli>trfl men >upplie«I with cooked ortrav(>l rations travel nnaixttin- 
|iani(Hl by an otliecr. funds for the pun'haM* of litpiid coffee in lieu of the coffee an<l 
sugar jMirtiiin of the tra\('l ration, at the rate of 21 «'ents |H>r ilay for the antici|iate«l 
nundNT of dav>' travrl, mav. on the onltT of the c(»mmanding oflic4>r uho din*cti( the 
ji>urney, Ih< paid to «>a('h man and his receipt then'for taken on a retvipt roll, which 
niu.''t be aei-nnipanifil b\ a I'opy of the onler. When enli^te«| man stipplit*<l with 
(NH)ke<l or tra\«'l ration- travels under i-oinmand ot a]i (•tlirer, funds at the same rate 
for the r-iinie purpo^i- will U* transfern-d t<i him. to Ih' ili>burM'<l anil lUHinmted for. 
At the end of tin- jnumi'V all moix'v in e\ti*ss of 21 rents |N>r day |K*r man for the 
a<tual nuniU r «»f ilay?* trav«*l»il will U* transfernil ti» the nean*st connnisKary. 
Sht>uld any part of tli«> 21 i^'itts |ht day |kt man f>>r the aetual mnnU'r of da>*fl 
travelti} U- niH'\|H>nded. it will Ih> transferntl to i-om]iany I'ommantlerH pni rata, to 
/*• fakt'N ii/t }iy fhem tv* ]»art **i the com|iany fund. 



ISSr»i oK RATIONS. lUl 

|:|^9. Ihsiu'm **( ratiitii> !•• iriN>i>'- uill U* mailr ••n r:i!ii>ii n>tiini!< ^it;nti| |iy tin* 
iiiiiiM-*li:it«> riiiiiiiiaipiiTx ••! the (•pjiiiii/atiniix. ari«i lln' i*<Mii*> ••nlfntl )iv tin* mm- 
iiiaihliii'^ ••IlittT of till' )Mi*>t <>r **tatitiii. Kalian n'tiirn>i will U- iiia<lf, imliiiariiy for 
H f«'\i •iayx at a tiiii**. fur tin* iiitii\ii|iial> ••! tin- •»rpiiii/at'h>ii^ ut'tiially |»n-^'iit. aii«l 
ft If ••niy r<urli «|iiaiititirr< a^ till* •inr.iiii/atiiiii> ■ an hmi'Iv** ai)«l |>ri»|HTiy ran* fur. aii«l 
Hill lit- |ir«-<4*itli-ii at till* plati' u litTr ami tiiiii< \%}mii ratimis an* t|ii«*. Katimi^ will 
i)4it If i-»iu'«l fnr a |i;i-t i^'ri^nl if tnN.|i> Ii;iv«* U-i'ii siitliriviitly !-ii}i^i*<t«'<l. ii«»r will 
Uu'k r.itiiiii- U- |iiiri-li.iM-'l a?* -axiiiir-. 

1:I90. Ilaii«»ii fi'turii- •K«»rm N". '*'.'*. Siilt^i^fi'iiir l>«-|i:irtiii«-iit • will. wtinifViT 
(•rai'tii-al>l«-. !•«• liiU'li* :iri>l Milnnitifi wirli tltf imiriiiiiLr ri'iNirt-^ mi ihi* fi*llowiii^ •liit4*H 
uii'l will i-<<\« r I lit* loliiiw itrj r.itii>ti iH-ri<MU- < in ilirdav pr«-i <-<iiii:r thi* iit>X tluy i>f t)i<* 
iiittiith. fi>r thi- r.iiii'ii iM-riiNl irntn tlit* lir<>t t" t):i- tenth ilav • l' thi* nKHith. Imth tlaVH 
ini lii«i\i-: fii tin- t«iitli ila) i-f ilif lipinili. i>.r ilit- raii«>it (MTiiNl fnnii th«* fU>v«'titli ti> 
tli«* twiiitiitii <I.i\ «*t till' npiiilli. Uiih'iax- iiK Iii-im-: mh tin* twnitii'th tluvt>f tin* 
iiji>iitli. U'T t!:i- rat ii 111 |n rim I irom l}i«* twrnti -tip-t !•• tli«- la-t ilay ^'f tin* iiii*i)tli. Imtli 

• lay- ini lii-i\i-. .iii>l will !•«• l>a-i«l m\-'U tin* lull -tn-itL'tli |>ri-t-iit i«it tin* 'lay- i>f hiil>- 
iiii'^icn a- -Ip-vK n l>\ thf ai-<'<>iii|iiiii\ in:; ni<'rnni«j n ]i«irt- ii>r tlnrx* •lay-, ('uniuiaii!- 
iii^ (tttii-i r- •'! <>rjani/ati<in<< will :;i\i* ?>|ifii:il att«-nti«in t>> tlir iliily <•( ail*Iini; luA 

• hiliii tin:; r.it.'-n- «•!! llif ri'turn** **u at'i'onnt •■! ni«ti juini'i;; aii<l li'avin^ •luring; tl:i* 
irnni«*<liati i\ |>r*i tilin^M-:itiMn ii>ri««<U. an«l i^i^t an*l ri'v:irn«-nlal r<>niiiiai)i|i*r» ln-fun' 
ap|>ri>\ ini: -i|i 1» ntiirn- t«ir i-*i:i' will imiim- tin- a«Mitii>h- ai.'l •Ittlitrtiiin'^ llii-noii ii» 
U' vi rilii-<l ln>ni tht* ni'*niii:ir H'lMirt- i*ii lii*-. Tlif •lax- t'>r ilrawiiivf tli«- nttiniiM fptiii 
lh«- i->iiiitni»oary will U* tix«-il li\ tht* |Mi«r nr )<riirailf i-nintiianiliT. 

|!i(ll. Tlii- tatiiin a.- i**Mii'<i t<> tpMip- w ill U- i«-iiiil <in ration r«*tiirii-. oi'^riit^l dv 
till' incilii al ••tiii-t-r in i haruf an<l a|>|>iii\i<l )•> tin* i ••mrnaniiinhr ••tlift-r. !•• thi* Inw^ 
pitHl ■■••r|.». tlif h<*«|*ital mairitn-. tin* nnr-M- i.i thf nur**- iMrjt-. aifl ♦•• ^-nih patii'iitK 
ill h<">|'ital A" i-aii U* ••nl>-i'-ti-«l ••n tin- ratinn a- •■r<linaril\ io-iitil 

l!lO:^. Thf iiiiilii-al <i|lii-tr in i-harji- "i a 'ji-nt-r.il. iMi-f. it t-aiup h'^-i'ital. h<>«|*ital 
•hip. ir tr:i:i-j-'rt •:'rr\iitL* patifiit* i- autlii.r i/t •! t«i |.iiri*lia*^', tiiitli-r ih** law* ami 
rt-jMlati'-ri- f" I.itn.if t.i piin h.i.-f<- ••I -iilt-i-Trni i- -tiin-. *«Mi-h arti«-l«"»* «if f'H-i, Uilli 
•"••If] ai.i li<|iii<l. hotiairji*! in ^t"* k l>\ tin- -nh"!'*!* liii* «•!!:• cr w Ip^ io-iH*- r.ili* in** t«i 
tli» h- -pM.i'. .n.il U* • ail ii|»"n -ui ii -iil»*i-t«-i,i •■ i-ihi « r li-i thf i->in- <»f -Mi !i •jiiaiititii'M 

• ■t ,if!.« li - It- .'11 'lif *!■.• U alri .i'1\ « n hai •! a-, 'i !):• j'l-L'nu-iit i-i tin* iii<ilh-al i'Mitfr, 
.ir- ri . . ; »■• ■! ;■ » • ! f iln I • .1 • nli-ti il }•:»»»! i.t- «.:..!. r I,; - i haru'f w h>* :iif ti «• -ji k t«t |i»• 
•• i'-:-ft .1 . r, th> r.it.oii a- I -r-l ti ir il\ j--ui 1 '•• t..i.il ■■•mliini*! iii«>n«'\ \aluf ••( tin* 
-!i.ft - I., r* '■ i/' .-ri/t -I t . U j-Mf. tia-< -I .■ t — • I .i- .il"'\i ih an\ ni..nth iii»t ti> 

• *•!•■! In I ill . • .i'> <i!.iri -I ■ ■»! til- t ■ ! ' ^ - • 't' -.i« •;■■:.-. •■! |m III,!, |m r Mian j^-r 
■l.i^ 1- I li. -•■ .1. »t; ii: . 1' •.*,:t .l.j -{■« • i.il •!.• ! «»..■-.•. r ■ • • -ihii r-^ a'> aMth>>ii/t<il tti 
\'.i\ A i •' • > rt III* •! I ill- • I |>:iii h.t-« '• I- .li ■■ 1 1 • -ihi t-r- niili r tht* pr^i i«i<>n<« 

• •I tl. - ; .<'.i.".«;.l. ■■! • I Tii.iki- tin- |"ir« h.i-» - !'i' ' ■- • - .:• tin- ri-«jM» •! ■■! till- liitilii-al 
I'tli- • r- .i: I :- • ii.aki i--in-- ii.r •!•• i iai «' • * I • *• M.'i< r :•• 'ii -!• fi ^ i-ri li.ii.-l ;i! lln-ir 

r» •!';• -* : • . !• •! tl.« r !!• « 1 I i.t- |-« r i.. i: ,-i ' ■! i\ :•.'■ th*"* • nli-t.-l 'i.i ii .ii-tii- 

.\'i\\ r»-, . r Mj .14 I .il .i:i • :- ;..i| • \itf-l«<l .■, .i:,\ r. .•■».'}. 

l«lfi:|. ^^ I.' .. .1 T.i*i'-'i h.i- !• • ii ilrau ii '-. ;i • li--;>:'.il !■ -r .ii. • nli-ti-<l p.iiM i.t fi*r 
.1 ».i- ' : • ■ -i -« ■!.•' ••■■!!•- t.» ■ I ".ir \ ■I'.f ■:.>• •'. •• ;■• 'i--l t.i j.i.t h:rn ii|>ii -|<«-i lal 
■I.' ' ■ i .• ■ !■ . t :.- M 1,1- ii..i.!i h\ ih»- -«iT .'• :i ' . i I. If /I- 'ii th« iii-xt r.if ■••n r« Tiirii 

• ' 'ii' I -: Vi ; -r •'■. t.i* ■ I,- .iiii-«--i li\ h .I'.'l r-' j-i'- .iti\ . w hi :i .i |Ml:i-ii! 'ifi 
-[ - ' I ■: . r J .1- '•• I ■, !• -!. ri -I I. a raT i.'ii I- f' -: T r* .".l.ir il.t i. i hi n« « f".ir\ :i i<li- 
»; : - A . . ■ !...i-ii ■ . t ' •■ f.« \t I 1T...11 fi '".f!, . : •!.■ I -| .!.ii : r tin- raf i-f.- i.-« ■{ hv 
!. ■ I ■ • ■ ■^. . • . ! •!..- I'l.. !- ! . I'M \. i.T TV. »...-, '.i! !f -I, )i.i\ :iii/ rill- U :.• t.t itf 
f i,- I i" ■ • ■ ;-••■!•..•■:■ r tht- |« fi. ! ! I., . !i,.i . •- j- ? i.|- n -|- 1 :.il 'iii • .iffl t«» 
.' ■. ■ • ■ • •:.:*' I -I :--■,• . ! i.it;.ii- i\ hi '• ■ • . '.»•.. •>• . 1. •■ -•..fi -I •• f •-»•■»!. ir «lu't 
•A '• :. : .1' ■ - '. ! ■ ' '■■••. tira« ;. I- r Tht -i 

I^IUI. ^Il !;■.!. .!!...»- !i.i. I.J . iii-'i .] 5 i' . -}-«.. I. i.i" W..I n..iki- n-tiini 

• 1 -Hi it }<itii-i.t- itt !h.- * ii'l •■! 1 Ml h ii.'i.Hi ■•!. I -rfn N ■ »•'«. >'il'-i-ti'ni •■ l**-|artnifiit. 



192 ISSUES OF RATIONS. 

and Ht'ini th<» Hjiiiio to the Hiibtjisteiu^e officer. After the 8iil><iHtenct» officer has 
enten^i the v<m<'her8 for jnm'haiK^ and the artic*k»8 isHue<l for HiKrial diet and 
deihice*! tlie rate }K'r man jht day which the H|HHaal diet for the month haf< cont, the 
certificates at tlie f(H)t of the f«>rm will }h}. (hdv execiit^^l hv the meilitsl officer and 
the md>siHtence officer; and t)ie me<iiciil officer will file with the fc«iil><iHtence officer 
Form No. <)l> and with it the report nHjuirtHl hy i>aragrapli <>48 of thew regulations, 
of emer>fi'ncy or ojK'n-market j»unrhiu«eH of suliHistence stoR»H made hy him, which 
will Ik^ ma<lc ont on F«>nn No. 9 <»r 9J, Sul)fistence IVjiartment, and Hig:ned by him. 
As articles <»f siH*cial <liet authoriztHl hy this order are immecliat^dy expendable by 
the medical officers, Form No. (^9, when duly execute<l, will 1h; airepted by the 
Commissar v-iieneral of Sul>si.stence as the return of the me<iical officer for the huI>- 
pistence stores involvcHi. Pun'ha<e vouchers <^rtifiiMi by me<lical officers will state 
that the stores will Ik* mrounte^l for "on Form No. <>9, to Ik» tiled with the ac^eount 
eum»nt of for the month of , 190-." 

1395. The formation of a liospital fund from articles purchascMl for H])ecial diet 
for enlisted men Ux> si<'k to use the army ration, or the application of such articU*fi 
to uses other than thost* for which intende<l, is prohibited. Such artich*H will, as far 
as practicable, 1h» pnxMiriMl in (juantities sutlicient for the nee<ls of 8|)jH!ific patients 
only, and no lar^e ai 'cumulations will be made. Nothing in this regulation willln) 
<'onstrui'<i to jjrcvent the maintenance of a hospital fun<i from savin^^ of the rations 
of the Hosjjital ('orp«, and the patients wlio do not nHpiire sjXM'ial <liet. 

1396. The sul>si."jtence <iflicer who ]>ays for purchases of articles of s|HH*ial diet 
under this onlcr will enter in a group, on hisalwtract of <lisbursements ( Form No. 5), 
all such ]»ayments made in the month, and will enter the articles as " Hospital sup- 
plies" in the column headt»<l *M)n what a<vount." 

1397. The return of (*nlistc'^l jjatients an<l al>stract of issues, etc. ( F'orm No. (J9), 
will Ik» tiltnl with the monthly account current of the sulwistenct* officer. The 
articles issuinl from st«H'k <m han«i thrreon rejK)rte<l will Ik* proiH»rly entere<l on his 
ri'tuni of sul)sistem*e stores la* **Sj>ecial diet in hospital." 

139M. Issues of rations to civilians em]>loyeil with the Army will Ih' matie on 
ration n'turns sign***! by the ofiicers in charge* t>^ tlie emjdoyei.'s, when ordere<l by 
the ct»minanding nttirvr. 

1399. lssm»s of rations will 1m» made in the full net weight or measure of the 
arti<'U^ calh'<l for. ArticU»s rtHpiire*! for consumption will l)t» removetl from the 
ston'hous*'. Thos*' remaining will Ik^ wttle<l for as sjivings, un<ler ]karagraphs 1407, 
14(KSj an«l '[MViK No articles «»nce n*movt*<l from thestoreh«>use will Ik? purchai^etl as 
savings, exce{»t <iii the order of the commanding ofl\<*er. 

IIOO. When «»ne, tw«), or thrtH* enlisti^l men travel tmder onlers, the travel 
onler of each man will have indorsiNl on it the certiticatt* of his conunanding offitvr 
as t** the time to whieh he was last nitione<l, etc., in the form pn»s<TilH*<l by |»ani- 
gra]>h 14 IS, and if commutation of nitions is allowtsl it will Ik> ])aid in the manner 
dire<'te<l by that para-^rajdi. Travel <»r«lers retain'^l by s«»ldiers will 1h» turneil over 
to tlu'coiiimis.-ary from whom rations are next to Ih.» drawn, who will file them with 
his ab.»<traet i»f i>siie.». «»r his receipt roll <if connnutation pai<l, as the casi» may re^juire. 
When any <-oiiyidend»le detachment of enli.^te<] men leaves a {N>st or (*«immand the 
detaebmeiit commander w ill l>e furnishe<i bv the commi>.«*jirv with a ration tvrtifl- 
cate givim; the nundn'r of men and the organ i/^ti<tns to whi<'h they U^htng, anci s(*t- 
ting forth the date to which, an«l by whom, nitions were la>t i>sue<l for them, which 
ration ciTtilicate will be pn*s«'nte<l to the commissiiry fn»m whom rations are next 
drawn, who will tile it with his alistract of is>ues. Kmployees entitle«l to rations 
an\ wIh'U dctaclMMi. fiirnisluNl with nition <vrtifi«*ate?'. 

1*101. When a |K*rson entitlni to rations leaves an (irganization or is onleretl to 
travel with travel ration>, the rations issue<l to him for any |H*ri«Nl )H*yond the date 
of his l(*avinir. and not taken with him, will In* d<'ducti'<l on the next ration return of 
thi* />;>.'3inizatiun. The name of the ])erwjn, with a statement of the fai*ts, will bQ 



I8HITE8 OK RATIONS OTHKK I88UEH. 



193 



entfit^l on thf* ration return. Tho nitt(»n n*tuni of an (»nnuitzation will inchult' uU 
p(*rw>nt< lM>lon|?iiig to it who an* to ilniw tluMr nitioiu« H«*|kanit4*ly; tin* luinMv of Huch 
penioiui will In* written on thr ration n*tum. 

1401i. At a poet wh(*re a general tuvm in «'Htul)lii'lie<l, the i;<HU(*H (inl(*n«<l l»y the 
poHt i*«>rnnuui(ler to \ni nuule to the tNinnuantl for ii ration pt*ri(Ml will U* enten'^l on 
the outer foM of a ration n*tuni, and the neitarute ration n*tumH of the oi^^iiriitioiiH 
<*f»ni|)iii<in); the «*«>ninuui(l for the |M>ri(Ml will U* incloM><l in thin ration n*tuni us » 
wrapfKT. The entr\' of mieh an i^nue on tht* ulintnu't of iMnu*** will nhow the nevenil 
orKanizatitmH for whirh the iM<ue waM onleriNl, >rivin^ the Htn*nt^h nf tiich, u»* w«*H an 
the (h*taile«l infi»niiation an to acUiitiouD and lieduotioni* cuntaine<l in th«* nejiarate 
ration n*tunu*. 



oniBJI iMHi'Bt or MfBHIHTKNCK HTftKBA. 

14#«l« Th«* fol lowing; iMnitm an* nuule wht*n n4-<t.*tMir>' f«»r tin* puhlie t«er\'ire: 



ArtlcUw. 



1 ( aiidlni. whriioll fur illuiuiimtliiK |Mir|MM>» In not fiirnUlif*! I»y thir gunr- 
t«'nna*it«*r'ii Itefiartinfiit: 

To hf«ilt|ii«rtrn* 4>( « do|Mirtm«*iit. |H>r iiiinitli 

Ti> iM-iitliiiuirtrni in thr tickl-- 

of i*M*h M'i«nilt*finny. when Ci»mpc»v4l f*f iimn' than itntMiir|w. 

licruioniri 

<»rananuv fiirfi^. f|«'r aumtli 

of • flivl*ton. j»T nMifiih 

of « lirlir»«l(*4ir ivfrlment. |ifr month 

of A iMiitjiliiiti uriHiniMlniii. fM-rnKHilh 

T«i« •lt\l«ii>n hii*|iliAl. fM*r m<»nlh 

Til m hriiOMlt* hi«>i>ltjil. |tt*r nii»nth 

Ti* m r«irtiu«>ntjil niMpltjil. iht mtnith 

To ofhi «-nimni1 Mi in*nii»in*^ 

<»f tht*c'hlt'f qiiartf rnisjitiT tir fhirf i*<inioil^Miry of a «lftiNrtm«*nt 

• •r ilr|>it of Miiipb . fnmi April 1 to .^ilrmlM-r 'M. ti*>r month. . 
< >f th** ;iuin«'nniwitf r or iimimiiMiry of « piMt fri>m A|*nl I !•» S«-|» 

ttjnU-r .11 |«'r m«iiith 

Front <ii-toU'r 1 to Man-h :tl. Hot «»xr«<t<illnir «loiiMf th^' alHtvt- 
•liunfitlfv. 
T" ifiian!*- 

!<• till- |irln>-t|«l Kunnt of •■m-h rarnp. {M-r ni«'ntti 
■2 I^aiiti rii • an<llt*« 

Mi«'h niiml*rr ••( iHrtiiHU a* tti«* i'*imnian«tittic ••{In • r itnt) onltT n» 
ni^-«-«fiar) 
A •»«:» 

l-or i-iilnti' animal*^ 

For •-«• h animal. |N*r «fvk 

**r. iih«*n in thf ••{•tnion of thi> (-«f>mman(litiK ••(iK-t-r ««i ntinh i« 
nf««>«^Kr> not rtif^-^lin* {mt month 

4 VllKKHf 

Y'*t •-%• r) !<■• piiliUi- horw* iir niuli-«. for *anilar> iMinawf*— 

••ui ti «ni*iiini a* Uh* («mintan«llnj( ofht-a-r ina> •<ni*-r »■ n'^vaiMtr). 

itoi ■'!« ti-flinc |»'r m-'-k 

*» K"i"iir 

K'-r |wi"ti u-««| In ianr«'t prBctti**— 

••iM*)! •|uantH> a» thr I'^imnianfllnK offl* • r iiia> «>nl< r na in'* ••^mr) . 
ni<t to «-\f«-f«l •'«» iHriiiHl* fi>r i*«rh ir>a>fi t«ttt«T> of i<«im|«n> 
ilitriiiir th«- tanr*'l |*rat-il(f wmMin. 
• Miiti »•• - 

}''t liffKtiiir nr«'<* an^l lam|M fur whlrh fiM'l anil inunitnatinic Mi|i|>:it-* 
■If) i«*itf<| 
*>n> h •|uan(ltlr« a* thi* ttinmian'llncofnri r mavftnli-raa nt'«-«mHr> 
T I • « • 1> lull k 

K>>r •)«■ III t) (Act'Mof thrailjulanl. <|>ian*-niia«i* r.aiHl <-«iinniiiwar> - 

^*t< h iiuinli«*r a« thr iMitnnialHlinc *4i\* « r nia> or«l«-r. lot l*> fti^-«^l 
tH« U t {Mr >i-ar, f'ir fm^'h of Ihf at**!*' • (r.> •-*. 
n I'll* I |«»|« r 

fof i**' o( ffiliBiifl nit n •tan<in«^l al •<!« h utilKart |->>r« At.il i Mtiitw a* 
.ifi I r>>\ i*h^\ »Hh m«*li*ni «al«-r « I*M-t« « iih •• >•• r • -iitH i ;i«>n»— 
(••r ••ai >i two «-nU«tr^l mc^i. |«t nii>nth. «<n* |-i> katri or n>II of 
t.uuo nhrrU. 



Allowance. 

gtiautlty !Ki|iiivaI«*nt 
in bulk. ' in r«tif»n«. 



:«) ijoumla. 



40 pimiKlii . 
M pminflu . 
'JO pound* . 
lOptMimln. 
10 pdundii . 
10 immumIh . 
:ir> pi Hindu . 
'ju |M Hindu . 



in fMHiniU . 



'• |NHinil« ..' 



r.* fartiniN. 

I 



■- itMIICi** .. 



1.' i»un«*i*« 



.' irallon* .. 



-J. (IV 



-J.UUO 

i.:a3 

•J.tiCT 
-.'JQO 

1.; 






]«> 



3ID 



I 



'J8IM— 02 



13 



184 THE SUBSISTENCE DEPARTMENT. 

month. This report will contain a coinpleto re<'onl <»f all nervitM'H rt*n<lored th€ 
QuartennaHter'fl Department <lurin|2: the month to which it j>ertains. 

2. Monthly rejx^rt of all bills of ladin^i^ and transportation rinirnvta issuiHl, exirept 
thoHe i8Hue<l for trani*portation hy ccmveyancen owmnl or chartere<i by the United 
Stati'H. 

3. Trani*fer list of ]H^rH<mHan(l articles employe<l and hired. 

4. RejMjrt of enliHte<l men employcni on extra <iuty, n»ndere<l numthly, within ten 
dayH after tlu^ expiration of the month. A copy of the order phu*in^ an enliste<l man 
on extra duty, or relievinjj^ him then»fn)m, will ai'i-ompany the n'i)ort ft)r the numth 
during which he waM ho detaiUnl or rtdieve<l. The report will also show in the adumn 
of remarks the particular duty upim which each man was (Mnplovetl^and whether 
eervices were ren<lere<l on other than working days. 

5. Statement of outstanding debts, rt»nden**i monthly, in time to rea<'h the chief 
quartermaster of the dei»artment im the last day of the month to which it [MTtains. 

1349. Quartt»rly n»tunis of quartermaster's supplies will Ih' made in duplicate — 
one copy, withalxstracts (except of articles pun-hiu**'*!) and vouchers, will 1k» f(»rwanled 
to the Quartermaster-General within twenty davs after the expiration of tlie <{uarter 
to which it pertains; the other rt»taint»<l by the officer. The ab.»<tnict of articles 
purchased will Ik» rendennl monthly an<l forwardi^l with money ainrounts. 

13ftO. When one (iuartt»rmaster n»lieves another, the latter will not enter the 
rei'eipt for <juartenna«<ter's supplies upon the al)stni<*t, but diriH-tly on tin* n»turn afl 
**Transferre<i to su(vt»ssor." The re«'eiving ofiicer will enter the invoiiv UjMin the 
returas as *'0n han<l at the nost; receivtNl from priMlecessor." 

ARTICLE liXXIX. 

The Sirusi.MTKNrK DKPAirrMKXT,* 

<iKNKK.\L IH'TIKS. 

1351. The Sul)sistence IVpartment, under the dirt^'tion of the St»<*n»tary of War, 
provide for the distribution and exiK'n<liture of funds appropriate<l for sul listing 
enlisteii men and for purcha**ing articles kept for sale ti» officers and enlisted men. 
TheC<»mmi.Hsary-(ieneral furnishes lists of articles authnri/.iNl to U* kept for sale, and 
gives instructions for pnn'uring, distributing, issuing, selling, and acc(»unting for all 
8uljsiHtenci.» sujiplies. 

OIMMIHSARIRS. 

13ftSl. Purchasing (*omniis8ari(*s make purchases of supplies in aceojxlance with 
Article LV, ami distribute them as din-i-te*!. V\Hm din-rt rails of vh'wi conimissaiii'H 
they tnmsfer tocommissari(*s of |M>sts and stations such funds frnm the apprx)priation 
**Sul>sist<'n(v of tlie Army " and such authoriz«Ml s-nlixistt'inr Mip]»li(>s as rhief com- 
mit*(aries, uruler instnu'tions fn^n dejiartnient r«ininiandrr«-. •Iffm lu'Of-siiry. 

1353. A <'hief eiinnniss;iry will make ciills n|M>n |*nn-lia.-ini; ri>ninii.->iiricf« <l«*>ig- 
nattsl by the('<»inmi.»«s;iry-<tem*nil for fund>« and supplies fur |M»-t> and >tations sujht- 
visi^l bv him, ami under instructions from thi> < 'oniini>>ar\ -< icniTal will furnish fun<ls 
and supplies to {Hist s within his defiartnu'nt whieh an' rxcniptfd from the sn]H'rvisiiin 
of the <le{>artm«'nt otmmander. lie wilt keep a roiniiii»ary b«Hik i*»r i-ai'li |M»st and 
station, and din'ide whether the (iiuintiti«*s of artidi's calU'^l for on rit|ui*.itions >hould 
Im* h11ow«*<1. inrreib^Ml, or diminislKnl. 

I K(>KiiIiiii«)ii<« for ihr ((itviTiiiiifnt o( th(> Siil»«i!itofir(> I>«'|mrtiii«>nt, iiri-|Mirt'«l hikI pnhli»hi>«l under 
III*' Hiitli<irit> •»! thf -iM-ri'larv of War. nn* «llMrit»iii»il tn it** ••rtjii-i>' l»y thi- <"« 1111111 i'>'sir\ ttfiii-ml. only 
Nurh r«'ict)lun«iii- iin> lim-ht Kivoii nn urv Kcn«*rHl in their nunin.* i>r alTecl ••tlii-r ))rttnrlK-« uf tlio wrvii-c. 



srBsisTKNCE surruKfl. lftr> 

13M« romiiiM«ri<*fi will make timely fi-timuti'H ami rc<|ui!'itioiiH. appmvttl by 
thfMr oimmuiKlini; otiuvrn, fnr fumU and Mippli«'*< fnr the tnH»}»^ with whicli they 
iier\*i*. ami forward thrtii, thn»n^h military <*lianm*lH. t«i ih«* rliiff fommi^Kirit*;*. If 
any i»f the HUppli(*H can In* olttaimtl advantapHuisly in the \irinity nf the plaii*?* 
wlu^n'mntlttl, the fact will l»e miteil in tletail on the re<{iiij«itii»nM l>y the oimmiHharieH. 

Ht'lWIHTKNrK Hri'l'I.ll->« IS Mt-LK. 

t9M» SnliniHtemt* Htipplien nmipriw* — 

1. Sutw*iwten(t* Htori's, eiaiHiHiin^of artiel«'S('oiii|MiMiii^the nitionaml thoM* fnrniHhe«l 
for rule to otlieerH ami (Milint***! men, alno lantt>ni omdle?- for }«tahle ii>h'. ft inure ft>r )H*t*f 
fettle, ami marH' nalt for public animaln an<l n'briniiii!- 

2. Sul>j«i-ti'mi* pn»p*'rty, eonHintinjf of the iie<'i»?'j-ary means f«»r han«llint;, pn««*rv- 
inir, ii^iiiinif. M*Uinir. ami a(*(*tMHitin^ for the>4' ston^^. 

13«M. The iifiiimamlin); i»tti(vr of a |Mifit will nnpiinMrn inventory i*f Hi)»^iMen(v 
f(ton*H on hand tii U* math* l>y the i*i»mmi!-!<iry in |M'PM>n •luring the laM week oi t-aeh 
month. If it i>« not pnietimhle fur the «-i»miiii*<Kiry u* takt* the inventury within the 
time nieiition«*«l. he will apply t<» the ettnuiuiiiiliiit; iitlirt-r for the tli-tail of an ottitvr 
til take it. vkho will certify, on the MtateiiH-ni «•!* iniin- and u;u>tair«*. the fa<'t **( detiiil 
ami the ilate nn \ihi«'h hetiMtk the inv«'ntorv: the «-oiiiniio-ar\ Mill i*ertitv tuaniountj' 
of irainn and wa-taunv When Mich inveiiti>ry indicate* that «tiire« an* on hand in 
«*xceT>4< of the iKtlance^ Hho\i n l>y the n'tnni. tln' ex«f*v- viill Iw f;tken npundtTthe 
headinir "<*ainH." lH'ti4*ien<'it*x 'aMn*^trict«il )iy {Kimcniph l.'^i^t will lH*4-nt«*r«il imder 
the h<*fldintf " Wa-tair^*.'* Stati-mentr' of irain.*< and Ma-tai^' will U' exainine«l ami 
appr«iV«-d by tin* «*<»niniandin^ iitti<*er. 

The pn*f*<*mvi>f a t■llmnli^«Klry M*nreanl at a |Mi>t diH*?- imt in any manti<-r relieve 
ilie commi*«-ary from reT*iMin*>ibiiity for th«' ran* **i onl>*'i;<ten<-e Hipplii*-. < Miiiinand- 

iritf otticero *ti |Hr<t^. at nlin^ to their re-|Hiii<-ibiliiii**> an«l diitit- in- tix***! and pre- 

MTilieil b\ )tar.ik'niph!« 74n and H. <1'2 *4 thf*** nn;nhitii«n-, are to «-arefiill> -uiMTvi-** 
thedulii'^ot i'oiiiiiii«v<irie« :it their n*^|iet-ti\e |Mi«t**an<l not to {HTmit th«*ni tii>te\itl\e 
tlieir •hil'e- in an\ ihnrni' uiM»n the ounmi-'-ary -•♦nreant^. In i'li^*** of |ii««t't and 
emU*//l«'menl?« of -ul»^i-t»'m-e f*ton'?' or pr»i|»«-rty. Uanl* of -nrvey. in iht-ir pr«Mf«nl. 
in^ an'l ni-omnifndati«»nf'. an* to U* irniilitl by thi* n'«p>in*ii)«*ntj' of {^ini^rniph. 

1:|57. MiiH"- toii^fiM iin hand, if in tit • •.nilition. \%ill U* tir-t i»«n«il. ^iM. or 

phipfteil. 

135^. Vn ••tliii*r haxinvr on haml tM|iii\aliriT |^lrts of the ration «ni h a* |>*>rk, 
ItHciin. and -iilt Idt-f. «ir tloin. hanl bn-ad. an*l ••itii niiMl: or )wsin'>. |i*'a*<«*. ri«i'. and 
hominy \%tll k<*«'p infitnnitl .l- to th*- nutiiUT ot r.itiiin- of cai h a\atlabl«-. and 
detfrmin*' in uhat r«*lati\f pnifHirtii^n *m« h <»)i«itiid In- im.iii-<1, and \%dl n-<|i>e?*t hi*< 
(iimmantbnk; oilii i-r ti» tlint t -iiih i>m.iji-«. a- .in- h-r tbt- iiii«-r»--t- ■ •( tin- ^'r\ tct*. 

|*|*MI. \Vht>n artirjt— ••! fit.*! in u'***"! «ondiri>>ri I'lrnioiii**! f->r -ale ha\*' actiniiii- 
lal«*«l at a \»*»*\, aiid will Ui oiiif •latnaj«-*l >i k'pl •<[! haiid <~>li 1\ tor •.ib-, tb«' i-\i-e}«* 
tnay !»• i— ni-il to Tr-Hijii« in li» •! ••! part- ••! th»- r.i*.i''U "t •■•|»i.ii lu-iu-y xahif In •■iuh* 

of artii li- \% ill* )i ar»- I ■juivajf ii»- "t --nM- "f ♦! «i(-itii nt- -t !ln r,i*-."ii i--'it- may 

1"«' !n.iil«- .it till- rait - pn-** ril--d l»«r tli«- • ■•luj- ii«nt- N-- -!..ri-- tliij- .--m t| .iri- ti» Iw 
l*oi>k:ht b\ til niMir»-';4r\ .i-*a\»iij- 

I Si0O. \\ b* h • .tniii-d U-t I of • .inii*'<i b.ikfj )« .III* .!• • i;?!!*! .!'• .ii .i |-— f iiit\ii>«H 
• •! atitiriiMti •! •!• III. iii-l- ii-r travtl r.itj..|j- t.r i..r -.lU . *\i* \ ti..i\ t pn .«i,! ; ... \t\ 
ib-ti n"raM««ii. !"■ .— tii-l. ii|->ii tbt- ••r-b-r ■•I tin- • ••iiiiu.iti'bnj ■■l!ii • r. .i' Mn r.ifi-- pn«- 
■■ r»li»-«l for llii»-«- .irti. ii— \«h«-n i—ni"! a- |MrT. ••< tb«- tr.ixi-l rati.-ij 

|S|#I. "^nlt-i-tt J.i I «i|ppllf<- III j'"-l • t.'..| .'...II '.;• III. I ri"«j';iri-.l !•.»■ •!-• . w ;ll In* 
tli»|Hi>«i) iif iindt-r tbt- din-1 tion ■•: tbt < • ii.:iii-^ir\ -• •• ni-r.ii lii -:rji iit •.!-•- -iK'h 



186 TRAN8FKR8, GAINS, WASTAGE, AND DEFICIENCIK8. 

a£i midden abandontneiit of a post, liability to rapid dotorioration, (»t<*., tht»y may be 
sold, or otherwise proi)erly diHjHiHed of, on the nvoniniendation of an in9|)ei*ting 
officer approved by a ('omniandin^ >!:t»neral. 

1369. Empty Ijarreln and 1h»x«v, hid(»H, tallow, and other like pmi>erty not required 
for public use, the <lii?posal of whi<"h \t* not otherwit»i» provide<l for, will l)e t-arefully 
preserved and ho1<1 an may \>e convenient. 

1363. SulwinteiK'e nupplien will not Ik' transferred gratuitously to an<»ther staff 
department, nor ol)taine<l, issueii, sol<l, or otherwise disfM^sed of, except as authorized 
by regulations. 

TBANSFKR8 IS BrLK. 

1364. When subsistence supplies an* to Ih» transporttnl, the invoi<'ing <'ommi«iary 
will make timely re<]uisition in writing u\Hm the pn){M*r 4{uartermaster, stating as 
nearly as i>ossible the kind and amount of supplies to )ye transjiorti^l, when they will 
be ready for delivery, when they should n»ach their destination, and any other infor- 
mation relating then*to which the t|uartemiaster should jnissess. The nmimiseary 
will give the quartennaster invoices in duplicate of the {uu'kages an<l their (*ontentii 
as marked and obtain fn»m him rtntiipts in duplicate. The commissiiry will for- 
ward similar invoici'S in duplicate to the consigns* and obtain r(*<x*i])ts in duplicate 
from him. 

136ft. If the riHt^iving c^ommissary linds any <lis<^rejttincy lK»twiH*n the invoiceu 
and the quantities, d(>scriptions, or (*ondition of the supplies nnviviHl, not attributa- 
ble to onlinary wastage in transjiortation, he will at onci* apply to the commanding 
officer for a lM>ard of sun-ey to asivrtain the quantity and natun* <»f the discrepancy 
and fix the resjxwisibility therefor. The receiving commissary will transmit to the 
invoicing officer receipts in duplicate for the supplit»s actually n»<vived, stating on 
tlie reivipts the discrepancy as<vrtaint*<l and how, and will tile a copy of the pnK**HHl- 
ings of the boani with his return. The invoicing officer will tile with his return the 
rea»ipts act'onqniniiHl by the (|uart<*nnaster's retreipts. 

1366. When sul>sistence supplies are transferre<l by one commissary to another 
at the same .station, the invoicing and nreiving coiiimiss;iri(*s uill exchange (hipli- 
cate invoices and n*ceipts then»for. Should any of the supplies not U* in gtxMl ^•on- 
dition, a Inward of survey will )m> applieil for at on<*e to examine and n*i>ort upon 
them. The con<lition a.>4 determined by the Utanl will In> iiot4*<l u|Min the invoices 
and receipts, and a copy of the i»riH*et*< lings will ac(*oni|>any each officer's n'tunis. 

OAI.N'S, WASTAOK, ANO I»KFICIF:N<'1FX 

1367. Wastage will Ik' re|»orttMl not on the pnvumption that it exists or will 
exist, but on the fa<'t that it actuallv exists as deterniitUMl bv the n tout hi v inventory. 
It is not alIow(Nl on fresh In-ef furnishnl dinvtlv bv a ctnitractor. Gains are taken 
up as rtHiuinMl by {aragraph l.*V>(i. 

136N. Artnal. unavojthible wastagi*, o<vurring during trans|H»rtation or ri>sulting 
fnuii evaporati(»n. leakage, etc., or in making issu<*s and siles, may U* Mrcount4*<l for 
as wastage* when the amount diK-s not exc^tH."*! thn»<' i)er n-nt in «-:im* of miU meati*, 
salt iisli, tlour, hanl bread, corn meal, sugar, soap, salt. InoIil^ses, >ynip, drie«| fnitt, 
or pickU*s; or one jht cent in nisi* of lK*ans, i)cas(% riiv, hominy, mffft', tea, candk^ff, 

«>r |K*p|KT. 

1369. Salt and viiit^gar ust^l in n*brining or pickling, and waMr of stores in over- 
liauling and n'iKU'king, will U' an'ountttl for by the crrtiticaii* ot the <*ommiMftiry 
approv«Nl by the rommantling otlittT. 



DKFICIKNCIEA* OTDRKHorsB^, KRKSII MKATS, THK KATIoN. 187 

13T#« m*ti('u*iii*i<*t< cxift'ilint; iIk* iN'ri*ciitai:v.*« *iK'iMtii><1 in ]»iinii;Riiili VMM, **r in 
artirlt^ ft*r ultii'h u limit of wii}<tu(^* \j* un\ tlii-rfin iti<lii-:it«-«l. nr Hn>iiikr fnnii Itij^jH-H 
byHtniyiti^ nr tiftttli of 1mw«*»*, tir iTn»i> in tlii-ir I'^iiniutcil m-t Ufi^lit, or fn»iii Iihphi* 
by th«»ft, lin-. iir wmiiii, or from <U-ti<'i<*iit nr uiiMiitaMt* nM'Uiis 'if Htoni;rt». rt«'.. will U» 
M'cvMiiitiNl for * I \ \tv Ukanlri of Mirvrv; rj. l»v atliilavits; i.'Ji l»v (vrtiliraif?* of ilin- 

• • • • 

iiit4'ni>titl fommi/ttiorit*!! otliii*n<. Il4i:irils uf >ur\fy •-ImnM vr<'(H'rally n*|Nirt ii|iori 
Hiirh 4|i*tiri4Mif'ifr>. utlit hi vitft or (vrt 11111111 •?< Umii;; iimhI nnly in (iim-h when* thi- aniiitiiit 
iiiviil\4il i • vi'ry Mnall. or wlicii it in ini|init'tiralili* !•• :if>.*«4MnhU* a iHuinl. 

13TI. Till* fiu't^anii qiiaiititi«'?* iiivolviHl will !•«• inlly -<'t forth in all alliihivitf* or 
<vnitiiiit4*M U4-oiinititiir f<>r los^Hcsor fxtra<inlinary \\a>ta;n'. anil in ti*rtitii'»t4*!<iif ctorvvi 
or }*n»)N*rty cxiN^ndi**! in iin'M*r\in^ Mipiiiit .«. Wlu-n !••••> or iniprojM'r iisfih* of t*\\\>- 
pliii* it* Hot Nitipfat'torily fxiilaiiittl, thfir mHt viill In* taki-n n|i«>n thfa«t*oiint «'urn*iit 
of tht* Hcvtiiintahh* otiioT. 

13TSI, Corn hrtMiitiHWiirn out in tlit* mtxii-*' in tin- >nl>>i''ti-n(-i* lh|ikirtnii*iit may 
Im* flro|i|if<l fpiin th«* n*liirii!x itf Mil»F<iotiMH-<' |»rii|HTt\ wilhunl tin* artion fin Uiunlof 
wirM-y t»r *»{ an iii^|i«f'titi^ ••lliiiT. 

137SI. Siiirfh<iu.'«<i'. r<hf«lr«, |iHtilin*, or itlhtT iman- of foviTinir miA protii-tiiitc 
finlwiii'lriHi* r>iippli«'« will iiniinarily In- pnixi'liHl hy tlii-<^iiart<'rina.<otiT'r* lN*|iiirtnifii(. 

1374. < 'oinmi-j^rit*^ will makt* <hiil> in^|H*1-ti•*n'> ••! tlitir t-lon-lioUM-r*; !h*«* that 
th»*y an* ki'|it ilry ami w«'ll \riitilat«'*l: thai tin- *!i»r»'* arr proju'rlx ran**! for: that 
Ittrn'tnanil l>iii'k«'t."«il wat4*ran<l oth«*r nit-ano ••! f\tiiijm»hi»iLr liri-?«an*n'aily for ii!*«», 
ami that all |tro|K*r |tn*<-autionH an* taki*n lo ^^nanl aLniiii-t l>>— 

l«i7A. <'t«il iiil, t;iiii|M»w«h*r. <|(ii4'kliini-. or ••tlj<r artiili- ••! liki- •laiik'<-rou.« natiin* 
will lint U* kfpt in i>r nttir riuli»'i!«t«-ni'** ^ton•}|oll•H•«. 

|S|7#. Kn'f*h uirat- fiotn thr hliM-k will n-ii.ill\ In- |irti\i«l«tl f.ir tr ni|i^ l»\ <i»n- 
Innt. lU-«>f iiittU*^ ili In* |>iir4-lia*Mf| .ini\ \\ hi-ii inii-'-.iry fur -iipiil y in;* Uii i..tio'i|»« 
in 4*ani|»iiik'ii or on tht* man h. 

nil i.-MioN 

|!I77. V raliiiii i- thi-ail<<w;iiii-i' f'lr t In- -•■'•-loti-ni i-ni niit- |N*r<Mtn ft^r ■••ii'<la\ ami 
varu- in I oni|M>hfiit« ininnlinj t.« tin- -t.iT..-, i tlit iTi-t-p- 'if tl i- ii:itiin> ••! tin- 'inly 
|t«Tf"rnii -I, In iiii; •H'\i-rall\ Ui.om n .i- l^i- i-.irf -■:, r. if ;..•.. *\,* u* \*\ nili"«n. tIh tra\i*l 
rutiiiii. .m*! tlif fiMi'Tu'* n* > r.iTi-iii rii< j.irr.>>>ii r.it:-ii i> ix-iii I riitpNip- iii ;;arri«i«ii 
or in )N-riii.irifnt • ;ini[*-. iIh- lit iii r.iTi«.ij ?■■ tr- ■ j.- .-, 'vi ti. i-l in .ii-ti\f i-:ini|^ii;:h. tht* 
tni\t I Tilt (•ill !•• fri •••)•« tr.ivtliii^' ••lii« r w i-i- 1 'i.ii, -v in.ir. 'ni..' ••r. w lifii f* >r ^li>*rT M'fiiNlM, 
tlii-\ art- -« p.ir.tti-*! ]r<<iii (•"•ktiik! taiiiifi** ,ui-l U,* • 'iii i ji-mi \ r.iti<iii in triMi|i« in 
ai tivi- 1 .itupaiji* I'-r ii*«- •■ii t ii«ffv»it ■■ .i-i-ti - 

I !I7^. I • "i-tt .| lilt 1 1. 1 tr I-* III) r- "f w .1' *.if \ ! • .- !.• r- .if |- — t-. {■••-{•it.il ii..itri>n*t, 

arpi nut-i - -.ii 'l.t- Nur-M- 1 ■••r|»- jn- i-ail. • ii'i'.« ■. ' ■ ■•.!?■• iii ;i. k::.l |- r -l.tx .i- « •■r»l- 
ihiT !•• tl.i -'.i'."!. ..r tl.t i.,iJnr» ••: th. - r . . ■ • \ • , ' *'..i\ i.'ir— - .iri- i|..T . ntitli .1 tti 
r;irii>i.- \\ III.! Ir.iVfhTij. .thlwliilt tin T.iti . i. ■; .i-:.;l..il. iMiiiJ-Xi^l uiththt* 

,\rni\ •!•• - ii..f « \i •■•t| ««rfi |«-r ntli .n 1 •• . . r- .:i.-».i !.■•-- I 'ij- - i \ ;• ■ in.iki' il 

IM * » "".ir » . .ii.i tin '• rill- •■( li;- * rf,:.i/» n ■ ".♦ {'••■- .-J • : r • • !.• •• • .i\ • - .••iji <i T« • liiin, 
in kiri-i. .1,1 ij.irri-*'!! • r Iji M r.iti-iii |* r .|.iv .n . -r ■:,'./ i.- •!.• . Mjt f . .• - i !>,• • :i^* 

|:|71l. ):.it...i.- Mill Im Mrni-ti« •{ !•• -II. • '- .1'. I .. ;. ■ • ''.t \1.ir i.« < • i|» .t.'cl to 

• •till • ?* .iii-l -• .iiiit ii lit t ill N.iv \ rt !•• ;i .1* ! iii^' ' i • ! I .J •• .»• • :'. I - ■)• t if i*tn 

with tin i.iii>l fori •- fMlif 1 iiit« <t ^-'.i'l - .'. ' ■ • M.. ft J 4.r. I... i.T- ■•: -^-f 
tii*fi 11 1: oi flic l:i-\i«4«l Siatiili-* 



188 



THE GARRISON RATION. 



13IIO. The kindH and quantities of articles composing the garrison ration, the 

field ration, an<l the travel ration, and the ({uantities coni|)ute<l for 100 rations, are 

as follows: 

1. OAKRISON RATION. 



Artiolesi. 



MKAT t'OMFONKSTM. 



Fri-uli Ufff 

or fri'Mh mutton, when the oohi <\ot.*n not 

f xcetHl that of beef 

or l)«coii 

or i*anne<l meat, when impraeticable to fur- 

nl«h fresh meat 

or dried fish 

or pickled rtnh 

or canned fi«h 



RKKAO <*OMP<>NKNTK. 



Flour 

or Hof t breml 

or hanl bread, to l>e ordered iMHued only when 

impraeticable to n>e Hour or Hoft bread 

or <*om meal 



VKtiETABLK tX>MP<>NKNT».* 



Beann 

or |»eahe 

or ri<'e 

or hominy 

IV>tal«Kt< 

or potatoe:4 12| ouneeM and onioim 3| ouneen . . . 

or p<»tatoe.M 12% ouneeH and eanned tomatoeH3| 
ounces 

or iM>tat(K*M III ounceHand tither freith vegeta- 
bles* mot canniHli 4| <»unee«. when they can 
iMt obtaine<l in the vicinitv or tranxporttHl 
in a wh4iIe!H>me condition fn>m a distance... 

or deNic<>ate<l veKetable:*.-'' when impracticable 
to f uniinh fre.sn vegetables 



KKriT i'OSII1>NKNT. 



Drie<l or evajKjrattKl fniiti* iprunej*. appK>f<. or 
I>eache!«.», :<U jH'r i*ent of the Iwue to be prunen, 
when practicable 



VOrVF.K ANI> wroAK rnMI»t»NKNT». 



Coffet\ firn'en 

or roajited and Kr<*<>ii<t cotTee. 

or tea, bla<*k or green 

Sugar 



HK.\SOM.N«i roMI'll.NKNTH, 



^"*^Vi»r '**^^' Quantities iK-r 100 rations. 



ration 
Ounces. GillH 



Vinegar 

or vinegar ,S Kill and cucumlH'rpickleM,^ gill, 

Salt 

rep|MT. black 



S4IAI* AM» I ANOLK C«iSlll»MiNTM. 

H«ittp 

fandU's^ >wlicn illuniination Im not fumiitbed by 
the QuartiTinitsnr's UeiMtrtuient) 



'M 

20 
>12 



16 , 

14 . 

IK I. 

ir> I. 



18 

IH 

16 
20 



!!■ 

16 
16 

16 



16 



11 



1| 








\iW. 


Ouncen. 


GalhmM. 


\\*h 




IVft 






75 






100 






H7 


8 
8 




112 




100 




• 

112 


8 
8 




112 
100 




125 







15 
15 
10 
10 
100 
100 

100 



100 
15 



I 



10 



10 

8 

2 

20 











































1 _ 









> In Aiiu«ka. |f•ullnce^ liH<*on or. when deHire<l, 16 ounc«*<« ^alt |N>rk or 22 ounc(*T> miIi l»ii*f. 

• In Aiu-ka the allowance of frenli vi'getabU^ will be 24 uuuceb matead of 16 ouiicea. 
■' In .\liL>>ka. W^ ounc«ii ini*tea<l of 2| «iuncefi. 

* In Alaska, ,% ounce iiiKtead of ^ ounc«. 



THE FIELD RATION, THE TRAVEL RATION. 



189 



•*. FIELD RATION. 



Articki*. 



JIKAT <-«>5ll'C>NKNTH, 



j Quantitiiv jnt 
ration. 



Ouiu'o. (iills. 



Quantities |M>r UK) nttlonx. 



Fninh lN'<*f or mutton, when iinM'umble lm>ally 

or ranne<l ni(*Ht. when fre}«h meat can not l»e 

pnx'ured locally 

< »r bacon 



HRKAI> (XiMPONKNTH. 



Flour. 



or «»ft brea<l 

or hard bread 

Baking [Miwder. when ovenn are not available 

or noin*, when ovens are available 

or dritHl <ir comprej»j*e<i yea.«»t, when ovens are 
available 

VEGETABLE ( OMIHINENTH. 

BeauM 

i »r rice 

Potatoeji, when iirocurablc l(»cally 

or |iot4«t(H>M r2| ounct'S. and onlon.H t^ ounces, 

when pMM'umble l«K*Hlly 

t>r de»«iccate<i |M>tat4K>!« 

t»r deTtici'ati**! |K)tat(H'M m ounifx, and desic- | 

cattKi oniomt }] ouncf 

or de»(iccate<l |Mttat(M*M l|j{ ounces, and canntni 

toniat4H*s U} ounces 

KKl'lT tliMIIiNKNT. 

Jam, in fans 

«i>rKKK AMI HntAU niMlliNKN'-nt. 

tVifft-t', niHst«*d and ground 

or lea. bhw'k or Kre<'n 

Suirar 



SKASiiM.Nti fOMI-ONKNTS. 

Vlneifar 

or vincKur ,^ Kill, and cucunilH>r |ti4'klcs,\ Kill 

Salt 

lVp|H-r, black 



HiAl* AM» CANIiLK foM11).NKNTS. 



SiH|i 

randlrN 



•JO 

lf» 
12 



Pounds. 



125 



100 
76 



Chinees. Gallons. 




:;. TKAVKL ICATION 



Artii'I.- 



' IN-rlu) ni- 



tiiin«>. 



Hoft bn«iid 

or hani Im^ail 

Cann4-«l iiiriHtl iMff.nr ri>rri li»'«'f lui"!!. 

Raki*<n>i>an'* 

f 'aniit**! toiiiiitiM'^ 

f'ofTf«'.riia!»t4il anil k;ri>nii<l 

SUKar 



I'ltflintlt. 

ll-'i 
!(■» 

.'lO 

.s 

r. 



13^1. KiMMj nil tr:in>|H»rtf t«»r Iphiji^ trav^-lim: w ill l'«- |in-ji;»?»'l ii"iti ili. n!ti«M-«. 
of Mil)f*istt'li<'c sfdM*.'* \\ hirh 4-i|ii|n i-i- tin- i:if i< -n l". -r t !■ •■ -j- ii. ■_':•'' '^^ ■! . \.i'.<l Iv tin- 
Hiifi^-titntitiiMif ntluT ;irtirlf'« ••! ;»Mtli«iri/iil "-iiK-i-fi in •■ -•..j.-.-t i.i-..i! ••.<■',.> \ \.i!iii- 
wlu'ii n*«niiri"«l. N** >;i\ im:- u ill In- alli»\\«<l {■ • f i- -.j.- . •. ! i.tii-:- ■•?- 

lS|^!l. TrtM)|»*. nil ;i<-ti\4- i-mipaiu'ii will l»f >ii|.[.iii .1 u;:l: ;ir, • vi. t ■_■,:. \ •.(• .n. 
|»n*|ian-4l iiijili-r •lin-i-tion nf tlh- War hiparfimi.t. \\ii.«h \Ni!i "i-* •■♦ >•■'! j' ai.N 



190 THE TRAVEL RATION, LIQUID COFFEE. 

tiiiK' or j»la*v wImti' r\»jrular rations an* ohtainahlc. It will U' ("arrit^l in the liaver- 
pwck or sa«MU*l»ajrx, and arrounti'*! for at inj*{KH!tion, etc., 1>y the w»Mier. It will not 
lKM»iH'n*'<l except hy onler of an otliivr, or in extremity. If inipnjfKjrly opened or 
lost the money value will he ehar>re<l apiin.^'t the HoMier. 

I3M*I. Fn>>h meats will onlinarlv W" issueil seven davs in ten and »alt nieatttthret^ 
days in ten. If li>h (dried, pieklnl, (»r <^nne<l) is issunl it will be in substitutiuu of 
salt nieat. The proportion of the meat issues to triM>i>s may l)e varied at the discre- 
tion of deiuirtment eomiiianders, not, however, without due eonsideration being 
^ven to the etpiitahle rights of eontraetors en^f2:e<l in furnishing; fresh meats to the 
troo{M* undtT their eonnn:inds. \Vhen(»ver the issue of l)oth the fresh meat and 
vi»gi*tahle (•omiM»nents is impraetieiihle, there may Ix* issutnl in lieu of them canned 
fresh-l)eef-arid-vc*getahle stew, at the nite of 28J ounces to the ration. The meat 
eomtxment to which the sick in hospital, <irawin^ rations in kind, an* entitl(*<l may, 
at the <liscretion of the nu*<iical oirK*er, Iw calle<l for and issmnl wholly in fn»sh Ix^ef, 
or jMirtly in fn*sh beef and partly in salt meats. 

13§J. When trot>ps are not supplic*<l with fresh or <lesic<«te<l ve^retables in kind 
by the commi.*«sary, or when under paragraph .*V>4 the trooi>8 raisi* vi^etablet* for their 
own ust^ in iM)st pinlens, arnl such ust* dtH*s not prejudiet* the inten*stH of any con- 
tractor under his <-ontnict for sui)plyinjr fn*sh vt»p»tables to the jMist, conunutation of 
the frt»sh vejn*table ]M>rtion of their nit ions will Ik* alloweil by the commifwary at the 
prices of jMitattH's and oiuuns in the vicinity of the }Hist, or in the market from which 
the jMtst is supplini, in the pn4M)rtion of SO i>i*r cent of potat4H'8 and 20 per cent of 
onions, the commutation pric(*s iH'ing determined monthly by the chief comniiaMiry 
of thedepartment in which the i»ost issituati**!. When* the raising of vegetables in a 
postganlen is c<»ntem}>latiil the p(»st conunissary, with the approval (»f thepostcom- 
mander, will notify the chief commi.s^ary of the {n'riiKl during which the (>ost ganlen 
will Ix' n'lii'<l uiH)n for V(*gi*tables, and that jn'riod will Ix* extvpttnl fn)m the opera- 
tion of any contnict that may U* made for supjilying vegetables to the {M>st. 

lflN5. At |M>>t8 and stations when* illuminati(»n is furnishni by the 4|uart«^nnai»- 
ter*s d(*|»artmcnt, candles are not issu(*4l :is ]»art <»f the nition except to individuals 
whom it is not }>nicticablc for that dc]mrtment to supply with illuminants. 

1SIM6. When troops supplicil with inivel rations arrive at their destination or 
rejoin their >tatioM. such of the tnivel nitions furni**hcd them in (*xc(*ss of the time 
actuallv consuinctl bv tht* iourn(*v as mav U* in ^mmI condition will U* tunuNl in to 
the (N»nuiiis.siry in exchange for the n*gular nition, and sul»sistence u}M>n the latter 
will thereu|H>ii br ininietliately n*sumc<l. 

l!|M7. In adjusting chanjes to K* ma<le agiiinst enli.*^ti*<l men or others on ai*count 
<»f increast**! expense Xa the <H>vernment l<»r their sul»si>lenc»*. tlu* value i»f the gurri- 
son or field nit ion will U* estimateil at 20 cents each; that of the tnivel ration at 40 
cents. 

Mtinn <'OKKKK. 

I5|WW. When enlisted men supplinl with n»oked or tnivel nitioiis tnivel una4'«*(»m- 
]tani«*il by an otru-er, fun<ls for the pun'has4* (»f liquid coff<>4> in lieu of the coffee and 
sug:ir iMtrtinii nf the travel nition. at the nite of 21 cents |ii*r tlay for the antici|iatc*il 
nundMT <»f <lav>' tnivel. mav. on the <»nler of the c<»nimantlinu oiric«*r who dinrts the 
journey, Ik* paid to each man ami his n*ceipt then'for taken mi a rtnvipt roll, which 
must be aci-Mnipaiiied by a copy nf the order. When enlistt**! man supp1ie<l with 
(*(M>ke4l or tnixel ration- tnivel.- under command of an otiicer. funds at the ssime rate 
for th«' same pui|>ose will U> tnmsferretl to him, to In* disbiirsiHl and aci*ounted f(»r. 
At the eihl of the jonniey all money in t*x<-e.»'s of 21 cents |n'r ilay ]ht man for the 
actual ihiiiiInt **( •lav> tnivele<l will Ik* tniusferred U* the nean»st coinmissarv. 
Should aiiv part of the 21 cents iH*r day iK*r man for the actual nmnU'r of da\*s 
tniv«'l«'d U* uiH'\|H'nded. it will U* tninsfern*<l to comiiany Commanders pro rata, to 
Av' Nikrn uj* )t\ rljem a^ jmrt of the coni|ittny fund. 



ISSIKS UK KATIONS. 



I'.n 



i*i«.i i> ••^ i: VI m\«-. 



|S|H9. Nhiii»« ••( ruli'iii-o til triNip- \\ ill U- iii:iili- dn i.ili>>ii riMiirii* -i;;!!!-!) Iiy llif 
iiiiiiii-iii;iti' <'i>iiiiii:iiiil<'f>i I't till* ••rv.Miii/iiiioii". :iii>! llic i*^ih - •>ri|i-ri'i| \t\ llif i-nin- 
iiMihlirii: ••tlit-iT "I tli«- )NP»t or -l:itiiiii U;iiiiiM ntiirii> will In- Mi.i>ii . «inliii:irilv fiir 
H t«'\\ *\:\\^ :it :i tiiii*-. fi»r tiif iii«li\ iihial- i>t On- ••nr.iiii/.:ili<>ii- a''ti:.illy |in>-iMit. uimI 
f«ir ••Illy }>iii-li «|ii:iirlitii-.<- a« lii** i<pj:ii>i/:iii«<ii'> < an ri'i i-iv*' an<! iir<i|M-rly ran- fur. aii«l 
uill !•«• |iri->«>iiti <l at thr plaii* w Ihti' aii<l tiint- wIhm raii'Hi** art' tliii*. Katitiii» will 
iiiit U- i"Mi'il Itir a |i.!-t |M-ri«"l i: tn"!]'* ha\f Im-i-m »iitlirifiiti\ -ii]»-i«-ti-«l. ii«ir will 
Uuk ratiiiij- U- j.r.r. !ia.-«-l a- -aviiiL'- 

1:I90. liatp'ii r<'i:rn- r<iriii N'>. Vl. Siili*ii«tii.ii- hi'|iartiiii-iit will, wlifin-xcr 
prai'tii aM« . I>i- r ..i- :• ,".i'\ -iiliMMTif! w itli lln' iiii<riiiiij ri-|Mirlx ••!< tin* f<>liiiwiiit! •lati*?* 
iiii'l w :!! «"«'\ir tl.i- |i " .•■•\ in-.: raii'iii jM-Ti*"*!-: nntl.i-ilax pri-it «lii>j lli«- lir^f «lay •»( thi* 
iimiitli. I'oi lli«- f.iti<ii i>«-ri<Hl iPitii :r>f tir>t tn tl.i ti-nili ilav • : ihf iiHiitth. lN»t)i ilavH 
ill! Iii-ivi : i>M I'll- ti litli ilay kI tht- i.;"iitli. for tin- tatimi intI-hI iniin Tin* flrVfltth tn 
till* twi-iitii ill il.ix ••: till* Mioiitli. IhiiIi ilav- iiii-lii'<i\«-: nii tlii- twi-iitii-th 'lav ••( tlii* 
iiHiiitli. for il.i r.iTioii |H ri.i.l !r>iii tin- twiiilv lir-t li> thr i.i^t ila\ *>i tht- inniiTli. iNitli 
ilax*- ill' |ii-i\i : .iii'l w ill Ih* I'.i-t ■! ii|i>>ii tin- lull -tii-ii;.'t)i I'li-i-iit •■it tin* 'lax** •>! ^iilt> 
ini*<-|Mii a** *-lii-\^ ii !■'■ tlii- ai • iini|iai>\ ii.-.' iii>>rii;hL: ii-jHir !•< I<i tlni'-i' ilav* 4 '•■niinaii-!- 
iii;; iitlii I r- ■' I ••rjaiik/:tii< iii- will 'jnt- «|hi iaj alli-iiii>>ii T-> l)ii> iliii\ ••! aiMiii^ a:.'l 
■ liiiiii tiiij Tat ■ii' «':i tlii- niiirii- nii a»i"':iit ..|' im-n j"iiir-.j ami li-a\ iiiL' «liiriiiL' tl:i* 
iniiiiiiliati !\ |<'i i • -linj rritii.n i-^-ri'"!-. .iimI j"»-t ainl ii-L'tnu'ital i ti|iiMi:inili-i« In^fon' 
a|i|*r<'V ihj -'!• h ntiiM.- i..r i--i:i' will i.m-i- tin- aiMili"i.- ai •\ •!« •Iiiili'»ri- tliinnii tn 
Ih- \t riliitl !i";n tlii- i:iiiniii.L' ii'jHirt* fii lili-. Tlii- <lav - !<>r >lraw iiij tin* r:itiiiii<« fniiii 
till- I ■ •ii.iiii«"ar ; wiil !•«• tixi-il li\ flu- imi«i •.» )>riLM<li- i'oiiiMt.iii'li'r. 

l!|OI. Till- ia!i>'ii .1.- i»iii->l To lnMi)i'« will )h i>«iii •! •■ii ratinii n-tiirii*'. ^Il'Iji-iI IiV 
tin- iiii 'lit .1' "Tlii i-r in 1 li.irL'i aipl a|>|<i<'Vi| >••, ifti- 1 •■niiiKMiilin;; i<irn-iT. !•• tin- hi>«- 
|iilat I -irji-. •!.•■ Iiii-pital niaiii'i.-. tl;*- iiiir-i - • ! tin- ii«ii-t- turji-. an*! ••• -ui-li paT^i'iitf* 
111 lii'-pital .1- -an Im* •iii>i«i«fi i| ••n tIh- rarii'ii :t> "riiiiianlx i»Mi-il 

iSlfl^. I I.'- '1:1 'iii .1I •llii I r ilk I li.irji- '•! a :/i:,i[,i! ]->«!. i-r < ainji lin^-iiMai. Iin-pitai 
-lM|t. ■ I Tr.i:.-; ■ ri i.-i»\ • l* jsitiiiit-. i- :i';T fi- -i ;/• -1 '-t |>iiri-)ia.^-. uit'li-r tin- l.iw-aiiil 
ri"julali"ii- ri..if.:.: • ■ ; r- li.i-i - "j -i;li-i-ri t , ,- *•..[, ,^ <-iir|i arlii li- "f tiHt.). Iftli 
-••||.| .1: I Ii.jii;i|. ii..? 1 .1- r ,. I ,n ••■ - k l«\ !li»- -"r'- -!•[.• I- ♦■ll';i i-r w li" «—"ii - rati'ih- til 
tfii I -;■ t.J .III. I t.. I .4.: r.j.. ,1: -I., ', -ijJ.-.-ili r. . -lIi. • r i'-t tl •• i-«ii|i- i-l" -ii- '■ «;'iaiilitii«i 
■•I .!»■ ' ■ - lr<''M 'I,!- -*■ ■ K .liri .!•! > ■ 1 1 I.. I! i| :i- . 1! •■ J'.-ljii.i lit i-t tl-i- im •!]■ .1I ntlifi-r, 
.!'• f ■ . . •• -I : ''■•<:••■■:.? .-'« .1 i«.i' !• ri'- . '< ■ I ■ ■ • It.ir;.'*- w Im ■ ii T- ■ . * .. k T.. In- 
- .' ■• -'t ■ I . •, !!.. • 1' ■ .: ■ ■'■• • I' . ■ i--'.« " ■ • ! ''.i" • ••iiiii.tii il III'.: t \ \ .r n- 1 .| I hi* 

-• '■ - !.•■■•■ .1 • ■ .1 • . '.. ■.». p .1-1 .; . .. I ! .1 . ;|f.- \. .'I .ii.\ ' ■■ .•!. 1...I til 

• '.ri-.i' • ;■ 'i- ••' I" .i;.'- jii '..in |n r 

"*'■'■-■•'!■■ • :':i 1 r- .1-. I .'•. -I /111 tn 

■ . ' ■ ■ ' '! ■ I T- 11:, ti ! ! •.! |.r< •■• :«|. -II- 



I • . • . 



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|...;, 



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■« j.i:. ■ . ■ . 1'. .| •-.....• 

I .1- • . ■ r« .'. I :'.j - ; • I ■: ■ ■ 
• « r'.: ■ -1 ' 1 i ■ ■ : i-'.r- ■■ ■ • ■ ■ .i-.t 



' ■! I ' - ; I'.i.TM''. ■ ' ■ . !ii iki ill' ; ■ ■ .1-1 ■ I'.- 
'-l!. ■ • - ! : ' • ' .IK' :-■.•- t'-f -J- .1. • .• • I . 



' : ..• T. ,,.-•■• •'.. I. .-.li. .il 



r. , .. ■■ 



■ ■ : •}.> T ii. • : J" 



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I;. I- ' m t • .II.'. A • 
■i- w ' ■ •• .|.i« )'•,*!. 

r • ' . r.i* ■.- .n-:- ! '■ 
• * . ii -• ■• I. .1 r.i' . 

;• ■ I ' . \ • ' I* ■ •. f' • • 

; ' : ■ r . ' - • ••...•• 
1 ■•■!■■?•'■•: 1 » ' ■ 

' .!■. .-- .. : ' i" •- « ■ . •. 



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' • 'I' ■ « ■ ' 'I" • Ik -'• -1 ; ■«■ >• '•* i"r 

" i" ■ - • ■ • • .1 ).:■ 1:;- :. )-. 1.1I 
■ I* .■• ■ !. • !.• !.• \? T I*. I »• Mini 

I I ■ .' I . . w ! ■ :i .1 ji.it ■ ■.! .-tl 

•• .■ . I" 'i • ' 'l.i- li< • ■--.!". ,1 i i:- 

-: • I ;•■•}. T I' • - ^ \ *.\ 
■ . •.. If ■■ • .1-. :.j rl . '-..:.• f 

' . • ■• • : ••-•■■'. • •■ ^•■...if .ill I 



I IIW I. ^h I ■ I :1 i '-!,.!. J • : -■...■• -; • ■ ! ■ ■ A ; ..tt^. r* '>trri 
!■: - .. • }-.i'ii i.«- .1! M . I ii'l ■■! I a. Il ii. i.M. . :. I • N •■'• - .i-.-T 1 *t-|iar1n.i'lit. 



192 ISSUES OF RATIONS. 

an<l winl tlu' nariK^ to the Hulieistenoe officer. After the Hnl)Histeiice officer has 
entcriMl the voucherH for purchafies and the articles issue<l for npecial diet and 
deduce<l the rate jht mail jkt <lay which the npei'ial tliet for tlie month hai« cont, the 
certificates at tlic f<M»t of the form will Ihj duly executtMl l)y the mt»dical officer and 
the Hiil)sistence officer; and the me<iical officer will tile with the sulinistence offitvr 
Form No. (U» ami with it the report requinnl hy i>aragraph (M8 of these regulationa, 
of emernri'Hcy or ojH*n-market iiun-hases of sultHistence Htort»H made hy him, which 
will 1k» made out on Konii No. 9 or 9j, Sul)sistcn(v IV{)artment, and Higne<l hy hhn. 
As articles of s)H'cial diet aiithori7A*<l hy this onler are inmuMliately exi)endahle hy 
the me<lical officers, Form No. <»9, when duly executt^l, will Ihj accepted hy the 
Commissiirv-General of Sul)su<tenc<» as the return of the miniic^al otfiirer for the mib- 
nistence stores involveil. Pun*ha.*<e Yt)ucher8 certified hy me<lical officers will state 
that the stores will Ih> a^vounttHl for '*on Form No. <>9, to Ikj filed with the account 
current of for the month of , 190-." 

1395. The f(»rmation of a hospital fund from articles purchased for spe<*ial diet 
for enlisttnl men too sick U* use the army ration, or the application of such articles 
to uses other than thosi* for which intende<l, is prohihite^i. Such articl«»s will, as far 
as pnicticahlc, Ik* priK'ure<l in (piantities sufficient for the uchnIs of s{)ecific patientji 
only, and no lar^e accunnilations will he made. Nothing in this regulation will Ixj 
construed to j>rcvent the maintenance of a hospital fund from savings of the rations 
of tlie II<»spital ('or])(3, and the patients who «!<> not re<|uirc sixn-ial diet. 

ISI96. The sul>sistence otlicer who pays for purchasers of articles of s{XHrial diet 
un<ler this onlcr will enter in a group, on hisal)stra<*t of dishursements ( Form No. 5), 
all such juiyments made in the month, and will enter the articU's ;is " Hospital su(>- 
plies" in the column hea<liMl *M>n what account." 

1!I97. The n-turn of enliste<l ]»atients and al>stract of issues, etc. (Form No. t>9), 
will Ik* IiUmI with the monthly a(*<*ount current ot the sul)sisteniv offiivr. The 
articles i.**sue<l from st<K*k on hand theri»on n»i)orttMl will Ix^ pro|K?rly entere<l on his 
n»tuni t>f suhsistence stores as "S|HH.'ial <liet in hospital." 

I!I9M. Issues of rations to civilians employe<l with the Army will Ik' ma<le on 
ration n-lurns signtnl hy the olficers in chai^ge of the employees, when ordere<l by 
the commanding offirer. 

|:I99. Issm^ of rations will Ik* nuide in the full net weight or measun* of the 
articles i-alliMl for. .Vrticlt*s nnjuin**! for consumption will 1k» n'moveti from the 
stt>n'house. Thos^' remaining will U? K'ttltNl for as savings, imder juiragraphs 1407, 
140S, and 14(M*. No articU»s once renn>ve<l from the storehouse* will Ik* purchase«l as 
savings, except on th«* onler of the commanding (jfficvr. 

IIOO. When one, two, or threi* enlist4*<l men travel under onlers, the travel 
onh*r <»f each man will have indorsiHl on it the certificate of his c<»mmanding otlhvr 
as to the time to which he was la.»»t rationed, etc., in the form pn»scril)e<l hy ]»ara- 
graph 141S, and if commutation of rations is allownl it will Ih* |iaid in the manner 
diriH-tc'l l»y that para^jraph. Travel onlers retain<*<l hy soMiers will Ik* turnt*<l over 
to thecoiimii.s-arv fnun whom rations an* next to 1k^ drawn, who will liie them with 
his adntnict of i'*>nc:i, or his receipt roll of commutation paid, as the c:isi» may nHjuire. 
When any con.^-iderahle detae'hmcnt of enlistiil men leaves a jM»st or command the 
detaclmieiit commander will 1k^ funiishe<l hy the commis.«^irv with a ration certifi- 
cate giviuL; the numUT <»f men and the organizations to whi(*h they lK*l<mg, and set- 
ting forth tin* «late to which, and hy whom, rations wen* last issue<l ft>r them, which 
ration c<Ttiticate w ill he pn«.*H'nt«'<l to the commissary fnun whom rations are next 
<lrawn, who will lileitwith his alistract of is.'iues. KmployiH»s entitli*<l to rations 
are, when iletaclMNl, !urnishe<l with ration certiti<'ates. 

I40I. When a {H'rson entitle<} to rations leaves an oruanization or is (»nlere<l to 
travel with tni\cl rations, the rations issue<l to him for any |K*ri(Hl lK*yond the date 
of his leavitiL'. and not taken with him, will U* (U*<iucti*i1 on the next ration rt*tum of 
f/jf nrfmniznUon, The name of the i^erson, with a statement of the facets, will be 



I88UKa OF RATIONS — OTHKK IlMUKH. 



1«.)3 



ent4*rp(l on the imtinii n*tuni. Tht* ration n*tiini of an orpuiiasation will inchitlo uU 
fNTHonH lN*lon)OiiK to it wh<» an^ to druw their rationn Hi*|»arately; the iiaimi* of Huoh 
fienionj* will In> written on the ration retuni. 

140^* At a p(N>t where a general nienn in t>»<tablii«lu*<ly the ii^tuei* onl(*n.*«l by the 
ivwt (ivniniamler to Im nia«le t4) the eonunand for a ration |>eriiM| will lie entere«l on 
the outer fold <if u rati<»n n*tuni, and the H(*]iarHte ration n*tuniH of the oi)niniKationH 
e4>niiM«<infr the command for the |M*rio(l will In* incloHiHl in thin ration n*tuni »«« a 
wni|»|N*r. The entry* of mieh an iwue on the uliHtnu't of iwiiet* will hIiow the Ht>venil 
onmnizationH for which the iwue waM onlenil, (fivint; the Htn*n^h of ea«'h, an well an 
the detail<*d infonnatiun an to a4l<litionii au<l deducti<inH oontaine«l in the M*]iarate 
ration retunu*. 



(iniKa iHHr»« or HnwnrrKMiE mtokr*. 
1403. The follf»wint( iMniei* an* nunU* when ni'eetMiry fi>r tlie ]iul>li<* wr\'ire: 



All(m«nr«> 



Artlch*. 



I. 4'«iiillf9, when oil for inuminatliiff |»iir|HM** Im ut*t funibih«'«l liy lln* qimr- 
t4'nita*t«*r'ii m>|iartin<*iit: 

To hinMlqiMrtiT* cif m <h*tiartinf'ni. |H*r nuHtth 

To iM-ailquanm in tht* tiekl— 

of r««*h wtiarmU* firmjr. wh4>n runipcwil of ntor** than one c'on*' 

rtTUionih 

t trail Army ctirtMi. |«*r niiiotli 

of • (livl*ioii. |M'r month 

of « liriff«ili>or r«ir1nifni. |«'rm«»nth 

of • laitijili«iii iir Miimdrofi. fN*r m<inU) . . 

T<ia<lhl«ton hiw|ilt«t. |irr immth 

To a hriiPMlf hivpUal. |H*r nxinth 

To « nirinM-niiil li«M|>ltJil. i«**r nwmth 

To ••fni-«-r«AiMl •tor**nioin^— 

(if ih<*fl-hl«'f «|iuirt«*rm*Ki«*r or rhirf <<«imnil«4iiiry of • <li*|Mrtmt*nt 

• •r ili-iioi i>f Mi|«|»l>. fmm April 1 14» ^'pifmU-r :«>. |mt month... 
nfthf ;iuirtfrm«jilt*r <ir nimmiflNirTof « |H»t fnim April 1 io.*<i«'|* 

tfiiiU-r :vi. |N-r month 

Kn>in tktolM-r 1 to Man-h :il. not fXi-<-«'<linK <l«»iil»l<* thf alMi\i' 
•)iunlitl«^. 
Ti' irnanl*— 

!•> thf |irln«-i|«l itiianl of f«i>h i-anip. }>• r iiH'tith . .. 

2 I^nti rii I aiHll***. 

<*riih niimlM r «•( |«*inii|« •■ thf iiimttiaiKhiiir oni'irtnn) nnt«-r im 
n*<«t-Hiar\ . 
.t -alt 

^i>r imMlr animal*— 

r<»r iiit-li animal. |i«'r wi-rk 

**r. when In Ihf opininn «»f llir rummanflitiK ottu^-r •«■ mm-h \m 

n«ff«^ar>", ni»i fiii-itlinc |»*r month 

4 \ ill! lEiir 

}'..r I \i ry ]«Hi |Mihhr hopa-* iir muli^. (or 4aiiilar> |>un«M*» - 

**iii-h amount aii th«* «-timimiti<linir ••fn*'«-r ma) ••nit r a* n<*i-«-«iar) . 
n<*t <'«t't<f<f)inff. |M>r «i«-«-k 

F<>r |««it iiMtl III ianK*-t |inu-tii-f — 

.•■ii«*h t|iiaiitll> a* thf •'«iiiimaiMllnc ••fW* • r ni«> ••nl* r ■« iifi-i^mairy. 
ni>t III «-ti«««l All |MMiiMl<i (nr i-ai h tn-*|> ia«tt«r> "t o*iii|ian> 
•luniiff thi- tanc't pnu'llir •«-«mi|i 

K*>r hiclitiiic tir«'« ainl lam|M for whlrh fiM-l au>l t.ltiriiinat:tiir «ij|ii>ll«-« 

*•(»• h •|iialitltli<« a* thf f-«iiiiituiiiiltncofl\i ■ r tna) i-nli rit« n«-« taMir% 
7. I ••«!•■•• hilt k 

K<>r ii«« In thi- nfniiiiof Ihea^ljiiljiiit. <|tiiirTf nint"!* r.aiiil •-titnnil^wrv- 
'xii h iiuiuN'ra* Ihr (titnmanilliur xlhi •■! umy ••n}«r i.«it to fim-*-*! 
twi l%t |H'r )rar. for cttrh •*( thf al*»^4: • (!.••« 
^. li'l'irl iMfx r 

Ki>r U"*- 'il «>rih«t«'«t mi-n •taU«tnnl at •iirh inidTar . (•-'• .tr.il • Hin{i* a" 
AT* |<n>«i<li'«l with mt'lt ni «iat*-r t Iim-u witii •• m> r • ti'M* !ton«— 
l-or 1-arh i«o rtili*i«^l m<%. t«-r m**titlt. oti. |<i- k.i*;* or n>tl <'f 
l.CUU •hvrCa. 



giuiniliy ' K«iulvalc>nt 
in hulk, t in ratUm*. 



:ii) |Mrtiii<hi 



40 pfHllMllI 

30 poundfi 
'20 |M Hindu 
10 pound* 
10 pMundu 
40piMin«U 
'Mi ptNindu 
'31 fiounilii 



111 |ail|||il« . 
.*! |Mlllllll|l., 

]'.* |iotindM, 



I '.' •Htiici-a 

I 



'.' KaHoti*., 



'.•.*■«» 



2.U0O 

1.; 






19 



a«) 



I 



28J«- 02 



13 



1U4 ISSUES OF SUBSISTENCE STORES. 

Thv i»»ut»s art* iiiado on nitidii n'turns ni^iuHl by th«»oflic<*r in char^* and iwuefl are 
onleivd >»y tlu' coniinanding oflicvr, tlu' latter determining wlmt (]uantitii*!<, within 
the liniitH alnive i»n»p*<TilHKl, nhall Ik» innutNl. Candlen, Halt, vinegar, and flour for the 
alx)ve i>uriM»seH an* ent4'n'd on the ration returns an<l on the alintnu't of is»*iK>H in 
terms of ration."-, lantern candles in jHrnnds, and inatehes in l>oxes. Then'tumsand 
al)stnK*t show for wliat j>hu'i»s the candles, towels, and toilet najKTani intende<ly and 
the nundnT <»f animals and ]>eri<Ml for which salt an<l vinepir an> drawn, ^^iving the 
tnM>|>^ battery, etc., to which they l)elong. Towels will 1h' i>*sntMl on reifipts to the 
commissary. Tliey will not 1k» accounte<l for on th(» returns <»f the ollict^rs nHx^ivinjr 
them, but will In* continutnl in use until worn out. 

1404. Is.»*ues of toih't, barlK»rs\ laun<lry, and tailors' articl<»s for giMiend i>riH()n- 
ers c(tntine(I at military iK)sts without jwiy or allowances, antl n^-niits at nn-ruiting 
stations an* made, la* follows: 

1. Such of the following articles as may W m'ltvsar)', not to exc«»e<l in value 50 
cents iK.*r month for each general prisoner, will IkmssucmI by commis.sarieson the 15th 
day of each month to ihe <.»rticer in charge of pri.**oners, viz: 

Ik»e^wax, Mugs, shaving, 

Blacking, shoi', Nee<.lk*s, 

BrtMims, whisk, Razors, 

HriL«he.*i, blacking, Razor strojis, 

Bnislu*s, hair. ScL^ors. 

Bnishes, shavin;;, Soap, issue, 

Hru.^hes, t<x)th, Soap, shaving, 

Buttons, Thnwl, 

Combs, line, Toilet i>ai>er, 

Coml>s, honi, Towelinjr. unbU>iicluHl. 

lietjub^itions for tlu^* articles will set forth thenumlKTof general prisoners pn^^ent 
at the \Httii and must lK»approvedby the jMK«t commander. The nn't'ipt of the olli«vr 
in charg«» will Ik? the commi.^sary's voucher for dropping the articles from his ri'tuni. 
No articles i.*<sue<l un<ler this paragraph, except t<M>thbnishes, tine con d)s, buttons, 
an<l thread, will U' cjirried away by prinmers when transfernnl or <lischarged. 
Towels use<l by pri.'^oners will 1k» laumlen'tl by tho.-H» who u.«^j them. When siMM'ially 
authorizinl by tlie Sc<'n'tary of War, theSnl»si.»<tence l>ej>artment will supply t«> |MM<i8 
where thirty or mon* general jjrisonerv an* ct»nlimMl a sewing machine and other 
ne<*cssary tailors' utcn:-;!.'' Utr use in men<ling prisoners' clothing. 

2. A riMTuiting oi!i<vr stati<»n(*(l el.»*ewhere than at a military iM>»<t is authoriziHl to 
purchaH' ."uch of the following; articles as may Ix' niv«»s«iry htr the use of all the 
nvniits at his station, at an exi»ense not extMH^lin^ 70 cents jkt month, namely: 

Blat'king, sIuh', Cond>s, cnarse horn, 

BnMMMS, whisk, Toilet i>;i|H»r. 

Brushes, blacking, T<.>weling, unblea4*he<l. 
Bnishes, hair. 

If tlieotlicer is siipplitil with suhHistonce fun<1s, he will jmy the v<»uchers nuule 
out «»n Form No. s, the o'rtiticate thereon iH-inj; pn»|K'rly ni«Nliti«Ml, anil will n«|Mirt 
the i»ureha.'-e on Korm No. 5*, ;h re«iuire«l by par.i<:raph ♦WS. If not supplieil \iitli 
funds he will .<end theduK certifieil vouchers U*r pavmeiit to the chief commirvarv 
of tlie department in which the recniiting station is Imateil, accom{t;inie«i byan'iN»rt 
on F<>rm N«». '». The tiJWels in u^H• by recruits at reeniiting stati<»ns will Ik.* laiiu- 
(h»nil at the e\|M>n<M' of tlu* ^^nartermasti'r's I>ei>:irtmerit. 

'>. At a reiTuiting station at a military ]M»st such i|uantitie>i»f unblt*iu*hed toweling. 
Hot excef'dln:: twelve yanls for a six months' sujiply, an^l such tpiantity of issue Hiiap 
as may Ik* nece>siry, will U* i-sui*<l to the n'<TuitinL: otlio-r at the |»ost by the i*<>ni* 
missjiry u|Hin n-jMi*itii»n, approval by the (Minmanding otiicer, for ust* I'xchnively 
by applic:iiit<i for enlistment, n*oruits on pri>li;ition,an«l newly enlisteil men awaitinye 
transfer to |H>nn:inent stations. Towels will N* launilere<l by thosM who use theui. 



T8SUE8, SAV1N08, COMMUTATION. 195 

Tht* receipt of the nvniiting uffioer will liu tho (^>iuiiiiMAr>''H vauchur for dnippinK 
tht» artirl»H from hin n»tiim. 

4. Siirli i|iiantitit'?' nf toilet fiajM^r an iiuiy )h^ ulMiluti'ly tift^itMiry f<»r tin* iihi> of tho 
\ntt*t ^ii:inniiiii>4'^ aii«l of ni'niiti* nt ivtrruitin^r n'ii<l«>7.voii}4 will U* iMnu'tl, hy th«* com- 
iuir«irif!<. ti> th**otrK*i*n4 in charKi* on n^tiiiiHitions a|>|iniVtHl )>y tin* ]MN<t conuiiaiKh'rH. 
Tin* nf»'i|»t of the otluvr in <*hari^* will U» the <i>ninuwaryV voiu*h<'r for (intpiiiii^ 
th«* iirtirlcT* fmni hii* n*turii. 

•V ArtirifTi iHtn«'<l in iinrfimno'of thin imnifrniph will not lK>iui'oiint4'«l fomn pn»|»- 
t>ny n'tiinif* \*\ ••tliiHTs n*(ii*ivinK thoiu. hiit will 1k> o>iitinu«Nl in nw* until woni-oiit. 

1-I05* Sill »^i.<*ti-ii4*«* will not U* iwniii to ilf-^titntr ]K*rM»nH t*X(vpt wli«'n th«* com- 
iiiundin^ iilhiiT a-Hnn4'?< th<* n'^iNinfihility nf nnlcrinir tin* iM<ii('to n'lit*vo Htur\'atii>n 
or cxtrfiiii'Miffrrini;. In HK-hcaMt* tlu* rin*uni»-tan('«*s will U' fully 8tat<*«l inthoonlor. 

I-I06. The ii>ninmn(lin^ otliixT will crrtify t** the iiti-uniry of the alwtnu't of 
itvciti u|Min i*iiiii|iuriH«in with tliu ration n«tnni'«, whit'h will \n* retainoii hy him. 
The :il«<tnu't **( ifvut-H ho (vrtitif<l,aii4l a<>(*onii4Uii(*<l hy «*opi(tH of orrion* or authoritiiw 
ctmti-mplatitl hy jianigraph 777, is the comiiiir-Mary*H voucher for the iatnien. 

|4AVIN<tr». 

I407. All artirlti« of the ration (exivptini;^ fn*fh lN>«*f, ilrifxl or pirklf«l flnh, wift 
hn*:iii, fn^oh «>r i|i'!'i<t*ati.*«| v«*p*tahUtH, aufl ilri«Nl fruit) 4luo u <*om|iHny, Imkery, or 
itth«T niilitary I'rvaniuition. and not n^t^h^il for oiiiHuniption, will, if puhlic hn^ will 
n<*t ri'r-iilt. U* n*l;iin<<tl for n*iM«ur hy the ronimiMKiiry, iin<l Mill In* ]iai(l fi>r hy him an 
Ma\iiiu'^ at the invoice priitf. The entering; of a nn»n* exjiennive (*t>ni|H>nent artiele 
of tlif ratii'U on the ration n*tuni with the view of leavini; it undrawn and !««*llin^ it 
to the r<iMi!iii*'.*<;iry :ui }4ivin}(M and pureha^in^ from him for uhi* in iti« pla«'e a ht«« 
ex|N'n«i\<* iirtifle iif the Kame iiim|Ninent in pmhihitevl. .SivintEx not n«*«*«le«l hy the 
e>>iiiiiii-sir\ f'lf ^ei^«•ue may U* ii«dd hy mmiianiesi, l)ak(*ri«*><, or other onninizationii 
t«» ;in\ pun hiLo^-rn. 

I lOH. >H\in;^* piin*ha54^l hy the commiMViry will U* *>iiten*<l on a n'tvipt n»ll, in 
• luphfMTf. iti thf nanif of the orpinization t^ which they U*lon);y ami the moiic*y 
valuf n<if-ipt«d f«ir hy (hi* Mtlin'r in ohanire then*<if. l*ayment/< for ho»*pital lavinitM 
Hiil U* iiiadf t>i the »urp*«in of the |MHit or station. 

1 109. If "-avintp* an* nut fiaiil for hy the otmmi^T^ry in the month in whieh 
ao-umiiUit*-*!. the pn»|ier or^n^nixation will In* funiinhed with an extract, in ilupli«iite, 
of thf riM^ipt roll. r>hi»winir Mort-H HNvivi-tl fniui it anil the amount due. which^duly 
cenitit-<l h\ th** (**»mmir*!4iry and appn»ve»l h\ tin* commanding ottUvr, will Iw 
pniH'nti-«l f«ir |Di\ment to any ci>mmir«4iry having; fun«l*« for the pur|i«iHe. 

0»MMIT.\T|ii\. 

1110. <'4iiiimu(ation of ration*^ may )«• allt>\ii^l at (he foliowinir nt(«*«, under the 
r->niliti<>ii'- iiifiiti'iiM'*!, \i/ 

i-..n.llik.i.- I't*''^.' 



1 !•• I •• Mii-r jit t)t<* c ••*ii lii«i<iTi of hi* f<ir1<Mii;)t. |in>t i'l*«l tlmt ••ii ^r trfiin* tin* !«■! i|«y 
" '■ >( ^• I ii'ft |*<rtf| at til* |ir<'|«-r>tAiitiroir t..4> U-t!i iliM hurv'O M«l«- mii«1 fi-nulr 
• ■-i.t*. • '.'I' • <l t-- ir.'' tinif i-..niiiititAii<>ti u r.' •! I'M !• it\i «ir I'lrl-iiiirh fii.'iS^ 

.> 1 .1 <« r^-i i!.i* i-l I' • |>^t iHi'ii ••iiiriiiM>h>rii*t •tiiT I'.-l < -Mu r* »• tliiK a« •>>• li • oti iltily al 

i "<«ii-i<l •t.ifi-*i.« u li> n* tin n* nri' III! ••Ill* r tr<*]M .10 

i . I ... ,1 • : ,.ti 4li 1. 11 tii^t «liii\ Ktitihit.iit Hi n < :!\ •'' I'>-« ri h In f ftt<»,a:a|i iii^ |« itut ftir* 
I ■' • <1 f'l 1lif f «ii%i rt.iiH lit .75 

1 i • .1 •••!!.• r '.T i\ i'.ink' iiti^lt r ••?'!• m friiiii it |>li«< *• i-r -t.it '-fi Ht w Kh h lil* mtiiiii« tiaif |M<««ti 

i'b'l \'',\ • •Kltll-lliil 1.20 

t <* ■•'• I i-.> ■ tri\'i.tik* ii'fli r <ir>li-ra wli*ii ti.<- ;<--iriM y t mt imt !•■ !■ rlitrmtil In 
tw> •.( I : ■ .r >■ •• '* ii'ii) t I* vii|irHi tn iil*li- !•• • rtrr> r.in"ii« «>f itn^ ktn<l . «• f<i'i!ii»a: 

l-i.i'i-' ' I i:.tti tr.i\* 'lijti; Mtfiiif I.AO 

!••<*• - ■ )!••• M iriiv« liiiir It* n il< Ijii hill* Tit "f lniM-1iiii{ Mill ff*i«nl t*i ati ItiMAli*' 
!■:!'■•■ . t.ifk i>r:«>>iii r 1 in li l.JlO 

I>i ii'i '• (•i*.t-ii! • r mr.il.irv |>ri>«>Tii r !:••%• '.?i«' Mii>t< r ifmnl ••( ••ti> «irl«o»(-ti- 
l;»t>'l ■ !• • • N |«i<il. i-fi iIm- i-r*!! r • f r'-t i t.ri.ttmti-l'.i.i* «itii • r l:i ••It «tii«- lii.aiitl 
tola r -• I'^il fiir l«i till' I* r^iti III M I •>-• • *..irvi tlii |%iiii til i-r ri.i.itjir) I'tlMMiiT 
I .".t'."! I.i tin i-nl- r 1.30 

1 •! f I : •I. '1 ti.i ti ■• Ii'i t«'l t>i I *«tiii-«t i>ir 1 1 1. • « .-r prljt-* iti ilt-iMintiH t-t *>€ mrm\ ri'i 
• ••••i|* r<! •■•j<i whiu- tm^i lifitr t>i Mf.<i f' I !«<••• iif •••niiM . ... \.*.«^ 



196 



C50MMUTATI0N OF RATIONS. 



141 !• liecniitii forwanlod fruiii recruiting HtationH, recruit remlezvouH, or other 
military posts will be furnished the following allowances for subsistence while 
traveling, viz: 



When one or two men are forwarded. 



Ff/r a journey i\fil» hour* or lot. 
Cooked ratioiM (to be obtained from the con- 



tractor for meals 
eral mem). 



or from the company or gen* 



For a journey ofmortVum SU hour*. 

Cooked rations, as above, for the first day, and. 
for remaining time of Journey, commutation of 
rations at not exceeding 11.60 per man per day. 



When more than two men are forwarded. 



For a journey oJtU hourt or In*, 

For a detachment of three or more men: Travel 
rations (or. if not available. cooke<l rations, to l>e 
obtained from the contractor for meals or from 
the company or general men). 

Fur a journey of more than tU houm. 

For a detachment of three or more men: For the 
flnt day, cither travel or c<K>ki>d rations as 
above: for remaining time of journey, travel 
rations if available, or. if not available, commu- 
tation of rations at not exceeding 91.60 per man 
per day. 



1413. Enlisted men, including recruits, ordered upon journeys which can l)e per- 
formed within twenty-four hours from the hour of starting must be subsisted during 
the journey ii|)on cooked or travel rations drawn for the purpose from the company 
kitchen, the contractor for meals, or from the commissary. 

1413. £nliste<l men absent under orders from their stations upon recruiting duty 
f(ir not exceeding three days will be deemed to be traveling under orders during the 
entire |)eri(xl, notwithstanding that some portion of the period may be occupied by 
detentions in the various towns which they visit in the performance of their duty, 
and their commutation of rations will be at the rate of $1.50 per day. 

1414. An enlisted man not a recruit ordered, under subhead 5, paragraph 1410, 
of these Regulations, upon a journey of more than twenty-four hours' duration will 
be allowed commutation of rations at the rate of $1.50 (or such less sum as the officer 
onlering the journey may consider sufficient) for each full ])eriod of twenty-four 
hours of travel, beginning with the hour of starting, and proportionally for any 
fracrtional part of a twenty-four hour period at the end of the journey in which reg- 
ular mi^l times are included, each meal in such fractional (>art l>eing allowed for at 
one-thinl the rate for the full twenty -four hour |x;rio<l. The conunutation of rations 
allowetl recruits after the termination of the first twenty-four Hours' travel will be 
comput^nl in a similar maimer for full twenty-four hour periods and fractional parts 
thereof. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply to travel on army transports. 

1415. Comnmtation of rations will not be allowed to enlisted men serving where 
subsistence is furnished by the Government; or traveling under orders when they 
can (rarry and (*ook their rations, or can carry cooke<l <»r travel rations; or traveling 
under (irders on army transports or by steamboat or steamship where the passage 
rates include mi^ls; or failing to report at their proper stations on or l)efore the last 
day of furlough unless dischaiiged; or recruiting parties at their stations; nor to dvil 
employees. 

14 16. An order directing the travel of an enlisted man will state that the journey 
is nei^'Hsary for the public service. If it Xm impracticable for him to arry rations of 
any kind, the order will so state and will direitt commutation of rations to be paid; 
if H'cjnirLHl to tx» |>aid in advantxs the number of days will be state<i. 

1417. All onlistiHl man traveling on duty under orders on a vessel of the UnHad 
State's transport 8er\'ice will not be allowed (*oninmtation of rations for the time he la 
aboard. He will be quartered with the enlisted men aboani and will mess with 
them, and the proi)er transport officer will indorse upon the travel order in the 
pomeeaon of the sol<lier the dates between which subsistenoe was so furnished. The 



COMMUTATION OF RATIONS. 197 

travi*! <inli*r •«» iii«lorM*«l will In* tiinuNl nvtT )>y tlit* «'nHMt«*«l inan at \)w i'ihI of 
th«' ji»iiriM*v to thf* niiiiiiiiwarv l»v whom i*oiiiiiiiitHtioii nf mtioiis fitr luiv iNtrtinn of 
tin* jiiiirtify 'xr* |Niiil, wlio will till* it with the voii«*h«*r on whirh |4iyinvnt 'u* uuu\v. 
If cviiiitiiiitaitioii of nitioiiri iH onl<*n*<l |iai(l in Hilvaiitv, thr pnilKil»lf tinii* mi hhii>- 
iNtunl iiiii!*t U* takt'ii into aiti Mint in <lcti*niiinin^ thi> niniik*cr of ilayn* c^oninnitation 
to U* allow «il, and tlu* iiayin^ oflicvr will imloix* th«* original onlor an<l nuik<' |iay- 
nit'nt on a ivrtitic<i i-(i|>y thert'of in the manner iliitvtf* I in Anny RcvulationH 1418 
for fNiyinK i*ommutation of rntionn in ailvauos 

II I ^. rommutHtion of ratioiu* allowftl t4»an rnliMttNl man while traveling, when 
not ilint'ti^l to U* |iai(l in advaiuf*, will Ik* ]i:ii<l to him at the eml of hit* journey, 
iifion pnixentation of the onler for the journey with the (*ertiti<»te of hit* eonunanil- 

inK o(lii*«'r thrreon in the following fonn: **Iju*t rHtione«l to inelude , IH — ; 

will li-av«» Htation at , , IH— ; the rationn ovenlrawn will Im» «l«*<lniie<l 

fn»m the ration riflum of (VmiiMUiy , I{4vini«*nt of , for the |M*rio(l 

from - — , \X^, to , 18^," anil a ivrtifieate wmieil hy a <'ommii«<ioneil ofll- 

tvr in the follow inff fomi: ''Joinetl iitjiti<»n at , , IH — ." The |M*ri<Ml 

allim<*«l hy the |iayinK othcvr will U* the time n^|uire<l uver the Hhort«'9it iiifually 
traveletl route. If onlen^l |«iiil in a4lvanci% it will W ]iai«l ufMin pnwntation of a 
(vrtitiiNl eiipy of the onler dim'tinK the imyment, havinir thereon the ivrtiticati* in 
the uUive fonn <if hii* i*ommaii<ling ottiivr. In thin ihhi' the |iayin(? otfutT will 
intlorm* the «lute, moile. and amount of |iayment, over hii* ni^natun*. on the <»n]er 
whirh i^ r«*tainMl hv the H«ildier, and certify im the eopv tluit he 1iai« niad** Hueh 
in<|i>rH*nient. The nildier will deliver hi»< n*taine«l i»nler tn the rommip^oirv ut the 

■ 

Htatimi \ihere nition!« an> next drawn, who fiUi* it with hif a)»itnu-t of ir•^ut•?<. The 
oril«-r. «ir (*(i|iy then-iif. on which I'^tmmutation hat* \nt»u {luid will U* titnl at* a huIh 
voii4-li«-r to tht> ntvipt n>ll, and the iMiyinu otli(i*r will indorw on the tinier or t-ii|iy 
ttifniii, tht> date, nMHli*. and amount of |«yment. 

1 1 19. The furloUi;h of an enliHte<l man will ^ho\i, )»\ nifnionindum of hit* eom- 
|wn> «onimanilt'r. to what ilay he \iaM laf*t nitiomil anil the numU-r of nttion-, if 
an\ . dniun for him |»n*viouii to hin ffoint^on furlough, for th«* time iii\fn*<l l>y the 
furi«>Uk'h. and tin* ii^rtitimte of hif* f*«*m|iany eommantlfr i»n thi* ha«'k of tht* furlnturli 
««ili >)fM till* dati* «in uhirh ht* reji»ine<l hii« i»ni|H'r ^tatioit or \iiu> dtM*hanr«^l and 
that tli«> ratii>ii<- ••\frtlr»un i*»r him wen* dulv d«*«lui-ti^l from a ration n'tuni *>l h'u* 

m 

coiiiimii). If fhtitletl to i*iimmutation hi* will U* j^iid hy any iitmmiiv^iry n|Nin the 
linr^-iitatioimf tht* furli*u»sh « ontainintr the alHivt* mrnioraitdnin aihl i'«'rtitii-at«-. The 
|itt\iii;; othin-r ^%ill tiif tht* furloutfh an a Kuftvoui-her ti> hi>« n^i'v'ipt r<»ll. ami iii«lorM* 
on till- fiirloUkdi tht* date, m^iile. ami amount *>i imymcnt. If tin* |M>ntMl for Mhirh 
th** furloiiirh i<- iriM-n in within the ii»m|M*tfn«'y <>f iIh* autht>rity i-itf«l, noiiipy iif the 
onhr pn-N nil-*! in |iarairra|»hp> 111 > anil Uls i» initlt^l !•• iMi'omi«iny tli** furltiutrh, 
whfit |>n*r-i iiti-*i t** a difihuntin^ otticvr for fiuynifiit **i i-ommntatitui of nttiou!*: hut if 
the |«Tii«l I- tiian]fe?itl\ li«*yond the f«im|*«*tt'n4\\ *4 thf authority «-it4*il, thf furloutrh 
iihiiiild. wh« n pn'M'ntiil for |«iyment iif omimutation nf nitii>nrt, U* ai'«^*ni)4iiii*'«l hy 
oi|ii«- iif all ••nlt-r* in puryiiamv of whirh it \»:ui |h\«-n. 

I I^IO. \ti t-iiti»i«<«l nian ^ranti**! a furlttuirh \»iih |M-niii*«*ion ti< tniv«*I on a \f««f] 
•t thi- 1 iiitt-1 >tatf<" tninr>|Hirt MTviiv will l«'i|iLirt«Tiil with thf fnhf<t«*il nn-n .ilMunl 
II. d will nH-w with thi'Ui. The trHiiii|Hirt ottii^'r will i-«Tlify ii)><ti tin* fnli^ti^l imtn'** 

I'lrloiikdi thf dati-o l4*lwi*en whit'h fnilwiiili'nf'v WiU*f«i furni«*hi'«i. In |Myiiiif tuiiiinii* 

t.itt«tii« i.f r.iti*iii» i.n th«* (urloiitfh th«*n* day?* will !«• ih^ilui t«<<l 

ll^ll. rnli-ti^l mt'ii diM'harve*l in (*ulu. I*<<rtt> Kit-n. Ilawini. tht* I'liilippiiw*. or 
• tthir liluit- outriiiif of ihf Mateii i*«*iii|M»*ink' tht* t iiii>n will U- |iro\ii|i^l irtt- trun»- 
|M •nation til thf ^.lid Static on (fiivrnirnent tr;in!^)«in^ ii|Nin din^i-li'iii ••! thf i>>iii* 
nuiiidintr ••llii^-ni in the wveral l««-aliti4<vi aiitl will U- -iili^i»r«>«l hy ihf *«iili-ftfn<t* 
iNiautUHtit to the |Mirt of «l<^tnation. Tlt«*y will n«it U* eutitlt^i u* tra\el |ai> fnjiu 



204 NAVAL ALLOWANCKS. 

1471. An officer onlertKl to toini)orary duty while on leave will In* regarded as 
on duty from the day on which he re<?eive8 the order. When the duty i8 to Ih» per- 
formed at a future date he will l>e on duty from the <late on which he starts to ohcy 
the order. The date of the receipt of the onier in the firnt raw, and the date of 
departure in the second, will Iw promptly reporte<l to the Adjutant-(rencral of the 
Anny. When relievetl from such duty, or on the completion thereof, he reverts to 
the status of leave and will l>e cre<lited with the time on duty under such order. 



TRAVEL AMX^WANCES. 

147d. "When an officer travels without troops under onlers he in entitled to the 
following allowances: 

1. To mileage at the rate of 7 cents i)er mile, and no more, for the distance between 
the ix)ints name<l in the onler for travel, such distance to l)e computtnl over the 
shortest usually travelcKl rt)Uti*s, with deduction as hereinafter pn»vided. 

2. Officers who so ilivire may, upon application to the (^uartennaster's Department, 
Ikj fumishe<l with tranHiN>rtation n»quests. exclusive of sleeping and parlor car 
aiH*omnuKlations, for the entire journey under their orders; and the transiMirtation so 
fumishiHi shall l>e a charge against the officer's milea^ a4H'ount, t<^) bededucte<l at the 
rate of thrt»e cents j)er mile by the {paymaster ]>aying the a<*cH>unt, ami of the amount 
so <leducted then? shall Ik? turned over to an authoriztnl officer of the QuartennasterV 
Department thri'e ct»nts jht mile for trans{M)rtation furnishetl over any railnmd which 
is not a free, l)ontl-aided, or fifty jht trntum land-grant railroad, for the cre^lit of 
the appropriation for trans|M>rtation of the Anny and its supplies. 

8. When the establishe<l nmte of travel shall, in whole or in part, Ih» over the line 
of any railroad on which the tn.H)iis and supplies of the Tnite*! Statics an* entitknl to 
Ih» transt)orte<l fn»e of charge, or over any of the Ixmil-aidiHl Pat-ilic railn»ads, or 
over any fifty \mr txmtum land-gnint railnm<l, offi<vrs traveling a^ herein providi^l 
for shall, for the travel over such nuMls, be funiisluHl with transiMirtation requests, 
exclusive of slet»pingand parlor car accommo<lations, by the (iuarternuisterV Depart- 
ment. When transportation is fnniishiHl by the Quartennaster's IK'itartment, or 
when the establishe<l route of travel is over any of the railn)ads u)M>ve spei*ified, 
there shall Im di^ilucted from the officer's mileage account, by the paymaster [laying 
the same, thn*e cents per mile for the distaniHi for which trans{)ortation has lieen or 
should have lH*en furnished. 

1473. Actiml exiK?nses only will be |»aid to officers for sea travel when traveling 
to, from, or Itetween our island possessions. 

An itemi7AHl statement of such expenses will lie fiU^l with each voucher for ])ay- 
ment, as follows* 

1. Fan*s upon commereial steamers, steamship lini*s, or otIitT usual iucmU^s of 
c!onveyanct» by sea. 

2. Cost of customar}' stateroom accommodations on <*«imni<'n*ial steamers wh«*n the 
same is not includiHl in the travel fare. 

3. Hire of s^HK^ial water trans]K>rtation when there are no n'gidar means of (*«>n> 
veyance. 

4. Actual cost of meals, not to exceed f4.50 pi*r day, for the time actually and 
unavoidably consumed in the voyage when the same is not included in the travel 
fare. Actual cost of meals on Government tnuisports. A reasonable fee to cabin 



TRAVEL ALLOWANCra. 205 

Hiitl Htui«*nMiiii •(tcwnnlH will In* allowed on comnifn'ial liiui«of HU^auiuTH; th<* |«iyiiK*iit 
iif Mii'li fc«*H oil ( tovi'nitii<*tit trHn>i|M>rtx in not uuthoriMHl. Siibvonrh«*rH, |in)|i«*rly 
nti'iptiil. will 1n> nipiin*!] fortlM*alM>vo iU*niH whon th<* total i'o»<t <*xt*i*<«4lH om* «lollur. 
Wh(*n ii<»t prai*ti«*aM«* to r>l»tain HUrh Hubvouchorp, th«* otlhvr will hh ivrtify. 

II7-I. ''Travfliiii; with tnMiiiri" will \n* rfganktl ai* rovcriftg all cwtv of «ifti(*«*ni 
inrliidiNl ill iinl«'r< for inovcnuMit, in wliatowr nuinner, of thvir appropriate* (finimaiKlr* 
< trill «inlt'P« for iii«»v(*iii«Mit nf (l«*ta4*liini'ntR, ct«i*orti*, orptorei* whirh pnMi*«*<l liy nian*hi-j« 
• •r )»y tr.iiiy]M»rtati4»n iK'lonjHn^ to or ii<]¥vially hin*<l for th«* piir|M)*^' l*y tli«* I'nit*'*! 
St;itf>. t}i«* iiltii U'in^ that in nian*h4t4 thr <itti<H'rH mIiouM niovt* ai< 4l(» tin* tnMi|iH hikI 
that mImti* tnuih|Hirtution in ii|Hvially tl(*vot4*<l to tlio niovtMuont it in mitrK*i«*nt for all 
inrliKldl thcft'in. Kut tin* trnii will imt U* n^n^nhil an t-ovorin^ {"aM*}* of otliivn* 
inrlu«h*«l in ih«* niownifnt hy railniu«l, Htap*. nr lik<><*«tahliHh«*<i lin(*H<if (-onvt*yant*ii4; 
of il<'tat-hiii«*ntf* «>f li'M' than ti'n aniH*^! <ir unarnuil iii«*n, mirh af< jnittnln and nurM*M 
for diMnliItil or in.-ant* otti<vn«or wildit^rn; n-i'mitinK iiartic9«aiid «*>4i'ortj4 for inH|Kvton*, 
|iayni}L'<tiT-. and «ith<*iv, iir th«* puhlir fnnd.>« or pn»|H*rty in their i-harKi% or of titlnvn* 
travciiii^ mi tnMip truiiiH i»r trHiiH|iortH hnt not ordf^rt'il to n*|Mirt to th«* i*<ininian<linK 
otrKtT nor «>n duty with thr tnM>|iH nr corntiiand on Nianl, and HUch ottio'D* an* nut 
nvanh««l a.« trav«*linif with tnMi{iH within tht* iiKimin^ of th«* lawn and nv^ihitions. 

I-I75. Ill ihi' f>«*ttl<*ni<*nt of tin* niih'agv* a<'<'«»iintH of ottiivrH of tht* Anny dintant^t* 
•-hail U- drttriiiincd and •l<'«lii('tionHi*oinpiit4'il ov«t nint4*H(f<tahliHh<tl.an4l hy niil(*a|pi* 
tal»lf> pn-|i;inil hy tht- i*ayniaf*t«'r-<f(*n4'rul of th«* Anny, nnd(*r tin* din'<'li<»n 4)f the 
S*i-n>tar\ of War; and ail |iHyiii4*Titj>* niailt* hy |lilyllla^t«'rson a4*4'onnt of niih-ai^' nhall 
U* •litiTiiiiiitil ill u«-<^inlan4*«* with tin* dij^tano* tahl4<7« otiii'iaily pnuinil^ttil aii4l in 
ii-4> at thf dalt' of |iayiii«*nt. Kx(*«*ption v* thif nih' will Ik* inadt* <*nly wht*n tht* 
tiriii- of thf tinh'r. or tht* iMipni4*ti4:al>i]ity of tin* fhortt*?'! usually trHV«*l«'<l niute, 
rotii|4'l th«' otrnt'r to takt* a nth t, or wh«*ii tht* jouriH'v i** |M*rfonii4*«] hy a mute 
«hi>rtir th:iit that iiftiiaiiy travt'i* 1. In Mirh 4-api«*^i tni\«'l allow aiKt-** will lN*<i»iiipnt«*«i 
o\ir thf :ii-tiially tniV4*lt^l nmtf. 

I 1711. Trim'I iilio\iaii4*«-< will 1m* |i:iifl hy tht* i'hi4*f {myina^tfr i»f thf tlfjiartnit'nt 
III wliiih thf jiiiinifv i* i*«tniplftt*il. Thf fon*i;oiii^ \iili not apply to joiinit*yH in 
\ihi< h ilfi t\- at iiitfniifiliaif |Miiiity* ««*cnr and affonl op|Mirtiinity for tht* fulltftion 
«if iiiilf;iL'f lor lru\i*l iM*rfi»riiittl to »iii*h |H>iiitH. 

1177. !'•• fiititlf an •itlitfr to tr.i\fl allowunof* thf truxfl iiniMt U* fiMfitifally 
.iii|. n >1 prf\i.iu- to it*« « iiiniiifriifnifnt. *tT ii»\i'n*i| l»y «fniti<"atf that tht* iirp*n(*y t*i 
th« diitv wa* *ui ti a- to pn*\fnt hi** iihtairiinir pnAitiii** onlfr>. aiitl a<'<*i»in|ianit<d li\ 
fvi<!*iHt ••! approval hy pni|H*r authority. Such oplfr uill r-tatf tht* h|M*i*ia1 tliity 
f r»j'»irj» •!. n ♦ itf that thf Iravfl thfr>*in tlir»*itfil i** iifff?«>i4iry for tht* piihiif (•••r\'itf. 
.III'! •lin-i f thf ••tliiiT to rftnrn to hin i>tatii*ii u|m>ii romplftion «>f aM>i(riitil tliity, if 
"Ml h rftiiri. )*• •-••titftiiplatf*!. \n onltT fi*r tnixfl. {iirt of whiih i;' to U* nia<lf with 
t ri ■•)•*. -Iftil'l ilirfi-t th«* ijiLiirti*nnAftfr'x l^ffmrtiufiit t^i fnrni>h lRiii<i|H*rtatit*n i**t 
M» iinii I. ••( ttii ji>iirnf\ vu* in t»i U- |M*rf«iniit-l with tr«*i|>». 

I 17*». «»r«|i r- will ii"t prf!«ii "ri U* liiifi* i»f tr.i\fl. t-xit-pt w hf n iM-t^-wiry, aiii| tht»n 
till rt I- u- -.iill U* »•■! f.«rlh in tin* «inlfr. 

I 179. 11 iixrifi.il ••nlfr. or (*fnitii'«l «*<*p>. itifhidtrikf iiMlon<«'iiifnr*. will a<i'«tiii. 

p.ii.\ • .!• )i \>>iii'h«r i- r tnivfl allouani****. and wlifii tr»ri«|<«*rlati'in in kiml ha-» Ut-n 
liifiii*).! •!. i'>rthf wh'ilf or f«irany fiurl ^'f thf ili»tanif uitnally Irnxflf*!. thf onlfr 
iirt-t U .i.d'-n-fil h\ tlif •|iuirtfniiap"tfr i*<^uink' thf lraii>|«*rtatioii, phiiuirii: t»*iMf«-ri 
u I..II |">iiii- .iiid <i\tr wii.tt n^iiif •ui'h tr:in«)"irtati<iii uil« f>imi»hf«l. 

I l*iO. \\ ht-ii .III ••till f r oil l«ii\«* 'if alix^'ii* f i« <inlf rf*! h* n* join hi» •tntion. hf « ill 
ii..» *■■ • i,ijtli-«l t.. tr.ivfl .lilfwaiit'ft iiiilf!>v thf pnhlif «*rviif n'*|iiin*« thf |«-rf«'nii- 
iOiit ..f .!';'\ i-ii piiit*', ill \»hii-h «■«•«•• thf ordfr will ••|«'*-ify thf duly, tin* iift-^-^^ily 
Ihi-n I r. .ind thi- |-'iiit- ar whn h thi* dtify Mill Uvii* aipl t*iiiL 



206 TRAVEL ALLOWANCES COMMUTATION OF QUARTERS. 

I4M1. When an officer in onierwi, while on leave of al)«<oncc, to a<f()nii^ny a 
<letarlinient of reeniit** to tin* vicinity in which hin rejfinient in «»rvinjr, and on the 
completion of thin dnty to join liiM coin{)any, he n'turnn to a Htatup of leave atf (*cK>n 
a.M relieves! fnwn «lnty with the recniiti*, and will j>nK'«HNl to jnin his (roniikany with> 
outexi>enfH' to the Oovernnient, unlew the dintance lie may have to travel without 
tnN)]»SHhonld Win exW»Hsof what it would have iKien had he not nn-eivnl the onier. 

14H5I. An otlicer on l«»ave of aV>sence onh»n»<l to temporary duty, involvin}^ travel 
without tnM)|>y, will n-i'^Mve tnivel allowantren from place of n-tvipt <i! onier to placi* 
of jK'rf<>nnanc<* of duty an«l n*turn. 

I'l^Sl. When the station of an otihvr, wrvin^ either wit!i or without troo]K<, \» 
(?han>r<*<l while he^is on leave of al>sc»n*v, he will, on joining his new ntation, be 
entitl***! to mileage for the land travel and mutual exi>en!*es for the m'u travel, if any, 
an provide«l by existinjjf laws, only for the exce»* of (listamv, fmm the phu^Mif re^'i'ipt 
of his order to his new station, over the distanct* lx.»twwn that plac«' and his old 
station. 

149i4. An ttifu^'r under <»rders ti» chanp> station who taki^s a<lvanta^' of a leave 
of al»sence In'fore he joins his new station is not «leprived of the travel allowances to 
which he would Ih.» entith^l ha<l he not availtHl himsidf of the leave. The leave of 
al>s«»nce men*ly susjiends the exwution <>f tin* onier for change of station, and at the 
expinition of the leave the officii comes mider o|M'ration of the onier, and in ol.>eyinjf 
it is entitle<l to full i>ay for the time neit^ssarv' t^) jjerform the journey fnmi his ol<l to 
his new station. 

14N5. An offitvr ndieve<l fnun duty at a station and >rnmt«'<l leave of uliw^nce 
befon* assijrnment to another, who re<viv«'S an onier of assignment lH*f«in» expinition 
of leave, is entitltNl to travel allowances fn)m the phut* when» he n*<fivt*s the onier 
to his new station. 

14M0. An olii(H>r traveling; on <1uty in connection with public works ( not arM^nals, 
niilitiiry surveys, or explorations) will n^-eive travel allowances fnnu the appn»pri- 
ation ft>r the work, but if then* Ik* no appmpriation, he will n'<-«'ive tnivel allowamxt* 
fn>m thelhiy IViuirtment. 

14M7. In the following casi*s no ex{>ense of travel is allowe*!: In joining for duty 
u|Mm first a])]M»intment to the military servitv, <ir unth*r the first onier after a n'in- 
statcmcnt or n*ap)N>intment, or under an onier to effi*<>t a transfer from one company 
or n.'>riment to another, made at the n*t|uest of the officers tnuisfern'<l. A{««ii*taut 
sur^n'oni-', ^iiKluates of the Military Atiulemy, and officers ap]M>int(*<l fmm the ninkii, 
joining under tirst onier after a)i{N»intment or iN>mniission, an* excepte*! fn>ni these 
pnivisions. 

14MH. AIlowani'CH for travel of otfuvrs sunnuim(*<l l)t*fore connnittei*s of Omgrus 
an.t not pn»]>i*r chaii^etf u|k>u the appn>priations for the 8Up{)ort of the Anny. 

OJMMITATIOS <iK (ll'AKTKKS. 

I4M9. An officer on duty witlwMit tnMijis at a station when* then* arc Hii public 
quarters, or when* the public (piart4*rs are iruuU^tuate, is entitleil t<i c«»ntmutation 
thi'n*forat <'stablisht»<l rates. 

I I90. ntlic«Ts iiM duty in the War rv*i»artment,at Army antl dther genend heail- 
(piartcrs. att<*n«ling surve<>iH and i>ther otlicen* mi duty in citi(*s and other pla«*es 
\>hfn> public ({iiarters an* not furnislu**!, but wlu'n* enlisttnl ni<*n an* on duty only as 
guanU, onliTlirs. clerks, anil nu'sst^ntfers, and nvruitiutf otrm*!^ at city station?* 
an* n'gunltil a- U'ing on duty without troojis within the meaning of the lawt« and 
n*uulations. 



n>MMlTTATI<»N OK QrARTKRS — STOPPAGES. 207 

1491. All ottitvr on iliity at a Htatioii wlu'n* ho \t* |>n»|»i'r)y in ifvvipt of (fimniiiU- 
tinn <if ({iiartcrH in (MititU*<l to the allowuntv ilnrint; onlinary icavo on full |Miy, hut 
not ihiriii;; nick lcav(>. If ht* ii« n*li(*V(*4l from <luty ut the Htation an«l thi-ti ;;rantt*(l a 
U*H\('. hi*' ("onimutation it'aM.ti. 

I49)l. An ottinT *\m.'3» not lom* hin ri^ht to <|nartt'n< or roninuitation at hi.'' jM^nna- 
ncnt Htation hya ti*ni|Miniry a)iHen<von duty. WhiK* he rontinuti* to hold t'uit ri^lit 
and fX(>n*i!^'»( it hy tH>nHtnirtive <Mn'U)iation or ns<> of any kind, lit* can n* t Ifpilly 
di-nuind ()uarti*n< nor (*t»niniutation at any othtT Htation. Kxivptionn to thin nilc <'aii 
only In* nmdt' hv the S-t-n'tarv of War. 

• 9 » 

II9:|. W)i<*n th«> (*onitiiand to whirli an oUhmt )Mdonp« <*han}n*H Htat ion h during 
hi'< t«*iniMirary alwrn*** on duty ht* 1oh«*h hin ri^lit to «|uart«*rH from tin* time hin o»in- 
iiumil l<*:iv«*H itH old Htation and di h*h not u(t|uin* a ri^ht nt tht* new Htation until he 
haH n*|Mir1c«l for ihity thcn-at. Ili* in enlitltNl in tht* nn-antinit* to iiuartom or cx>ni- 
intitation thrn*fiir at the Htation when* he is temiMirarily Hi*r\'inK. 

1 49-1. An ofiio'r n*Ii«*vc<l fmm ihitv at one Htation, wlien* he wan entitU^il to com- 
mutation of ({luirtfrn, and af^i^i<*«l to another, in not entith^l to nueh allowann* from 
the dat4* of n^lief to th(* <late on \i hirh he n*|M»rtH in |M*rHon at the new Htation. 

I'I95. < Mrn>i*rH who, for thee«>nvenientvof the < ioveninient, an* dinvtc**! to await 
onlen* for u limiteil |N*ri<Ml at a |Niint when* then* an* no puhlio (|iiarten(, an^entitled 
to f-«>mniutatii>n; hut an oflii'«*r onlen'^i to hin honu- to await onlern in not entith**! to 
thin allowance*. An otlieer onlen'<l to n*|Mirt hy h'tter ti> a HU|N*rior d<M-Hnot In*<'oiim* 
I'ntitli-d to commutation of cjuartern until lie n*(*(>iveH a Hjieeific onler of aivi^unent 
and n'lHirtj' in |i«*nion at the Htation to which aHni^mil. 

1196. The lirnt voucher for ci»mmutation of <|uurten< at any Htation miL«t \m> 
iCt romii:inied hy a ci»py of the onler af**itniiiit: the otficiT to duty then'at. In huIm^ 

• jiu'rit V'liuhep- the fiaymaHter will n*ftT hy numU'r, ct**., to the Vf»ucher with which 
thf onh'r i« tiltil, und the thial v<iiH*her mu**t U* a4><iim[iaiue<l hy the auth(»rity fur, 
and muM ^hf»w the <lati* of n*lief fmiu, Huch flutv. 

Knipi*A<fi&«. 

1 197. When an otflifr han Yn^en oveqiaid, or in indchti**) to the T*nit4«d S^ateiifor 
m"ti*-y <»r |>ro|«'rty, or han faile«l ]*ni|i«*r1y to a^i-ount U*r the Nim<% the chief of the 
htin.iu « iiiicfnitil will pn>mptly notify him of the amount of hin indehttilnem or 
hi« failure to account. If after HUch tiotiii* he d«N*H not n*fund, or make Hiitii>fa4*t(ir\' 

• \|<latiiition. or take |iro|K*r action within :i n'«iMinahl<* time, the matter will la* 
r* j-irtfi| to thf .S*«*n'tary **i War. 

I •9H. I »n the ♦»nler of the S4*«'n-lary of War, Hto|i{4iin*T« may U» ma«le aimiiint the 
l>iiy «if iitliit-r*' for o\«*riia\mentH. ilhinil li-hur^'tncnt, or hw^ throutrh fraud or my- 
ItM t o| thf |iuh}ic funtU, and for df ti«'if ni if •• iti. hi^ nf. i.r dauKur** to, military hii|>- 
pli«-. imli-*- yr'»»i Iw funiinhe*! tlmt thedetififucy, li»*». or •laiiiaL'«' wa* nt»t iHt'SHioiM**! 
hv an\ I'iiMlt on ihcir iiart. 

I 199. Tlif n>>thf of otopi^M^* <»f oiri4'en«* |«iy will Im* |in*|ian<fl in tht* fonii of a 
iiioiitlily t in ular f<i )mytnai«ter^, a«lvi^in^ them of Mo|i|«ureH otitftandinir ut itn ilate. 
Thi« ( iri ul.ir \% ill U* ■'Uhmittiil to the Se* n*tary of War for hin appnixal prior to iti* 
1 11 1 Mil .it loll When an otlic«T*H name in Utnif then*<»n, no i^iyment of rgilary will In* 
ni.nii- \'* him Hhii'h i~ not in aeeonlaiuv %iitS the Htop|«Mre vutry inm\v ainuiknt hin 
n.iuii*. 

I500. OviT|iaymenti* to an <iin<*er milllH* ih^lucteil on the tir«t |«iynit*nt aft«f a 

n< th I- "i -topp.ik'eajiiin'-t Inm i« n-c«*ivtil. e\en if the jmy acc<*uiiti> have lH^*naM*i|nM?d; 
the ;L»i;«'ne«' takf- ih«* oitxjuiit Huhi<*«'t to all ri-k.** of Mi*pi«p*. 



208 PAYMENT OF ENLISTED MEN. 



PAYMENT OF rADETH. 

1501. Payment on jiay niiihi and tinal ai't'ountu will he made t4> the cadetM at the 
Military Academy by a |>aymaHter, who will turn over the net amount of the rollH 
and accomits to the treamirer of the Academy. 

PAYMENT OK ENLISTED MEN. 

1903. Troops will be paid every month unlesH circumfltam*OH prevent, in which 
case the paymaiiter chargtnl with the payment will immediately report the facts 
through luH chief paymaster to the PaymaHter-General. 

150SI. PaymentH will l>e ma<le as soon after the close of each month as practic^able — 

1. By jiay masters in person; or 

2. By che<'k to be sent by registennl mail or express, or by currency shipiMnl by 
expnvs. 

The tn)o|»s at iK»sts where jMiymasters are statione<l and others in their immediate* 
vicinity, to Ik» designate*! in instructions issued from the Adjutant-lieneral's office, 
will Ih* paid by j)aymasters in jH^rson. 

For {M>sts at whi(*h {uiyments an* not require<l t4> Ik> made in {H>rson, the |)aymaster 
will transmit the ]Hiy due in one or mon^ of the following ways: 

1. By in<lividual check, payable to the onler of eat^-h nmn, for the exact amount due. 

2. By inclosing in a separate sealed enveloiH* the exac-t amount in cum»ncy due 
i«ch soldier, with his name and the amount inclosed markt^l thereon. 

1504. 8o far as n^lates to disbursements at the Philippine Islands and other points, 
including Alaska, l»t»yond the Ixjundary of the Statt»s com loosing the Union, and for the 
convenience of the paymaster in obtaining rea<ly money, as well as ft)r the acx.*ommo- 
dation of Iw^th oflicers and men at such distant places, a check may be drawn for a 
portion of the pay due the soldier (or officer), in which t*ase it will l)e drawn in favor 
of the soldier (or offict»r), and the objet*t or puriHMje will l»e state<l as "part jiay for 

month of ;" if for any sum which the soldier (or offii»er) may desire in 

exchangt* for money after he has lH»en i»ai<l, the check will Ih» drawn by the jiay- 
master in favor of himst»lf and in<lorsed by him payable to the onler of the soldier 
(or officvr), and the objtH-t t»r puriMise will he state<l as ''to obtain cash to make pay- 
ments at a <listanct.^ fn>m a <leiK)sitor}'." 

1505. Dupli(*ate (miv n>lls will l)e duly signe<l by the men, and forwarded by the 
comman<ling officer by mail to the fiaymaster who has l)een dmgnate<l by the depart- 
ment conunander to iwy the command. 

1506. Ca