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REGULATIONS 




OF THE 



VIEGINIA MILITAEY INSTITUTE 



AT 



y 



LEXINGTON, 



V* 



NEW YORK: 
JOHN WILEY, 161 BROADWAY, 

AND 13 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON. 



1848. 



HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA, Inspector (Ex Officio). 



BOARD OF VISITORS. 



General CORBIN BRAXTON, Prince William, President of the Board. 

General WM. H. RICHARDSON, Adjutant General, Ex Officio. 

General P. C. JOHNSON, Abingdon. 

P. St. GEORGE COCKE, Esquire, Powhatan. 

General P. H. STEENBERGEN, Mason. 

Colonel GEORGE W. MUNFORD, Richmond City. 

CHARLES JAMES FAULKNER, Esquire, Berkeley. 

Colonel GEORGE W. THOMPSON, Wheeling. 

WILLIAM H. TERRILL, Esquire, Bath. 

General E. P. SCOTT, Greensville. 



ACADEMIC STAFF. 

Colonel FRANCIS H. SMITH, A.M., Superintendent and Professor of 
Mathematics. 

Major JOHN T. L. PRESTON, A. M., Professor of Languages and 
English Literature. 

Captain THOMAS H. WILLIAMSON, Professor of Engineering, 
Architecture, and Drawing. 

Major WILLIAM GILHAM, Professor of Physical Sciences, Instructer 
of Tactics, and Commandant of Cadets. 

Lieutenant R. E. COLSTON, Assistant Professor of French. 

Lieutenant J. Q. MARR, Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 



SYNOPSIS OF COURSE OF STUDIES 

AT 

VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 







STUDIES. 


TEXT BOOKS. 




03 


Arithmetic. 


Smith and Duke's American Sta- 




CO 




tistical Arithmetic. 




k1 
O 


First Principles of Algebra and 


Smith's Algebra; Legendre. 


1st year. 


w 


Geometry. 






H 


English Grammar. 


Murray's Grammar. 




P 

o 


Geography. 


Mitchell. 




h 


French. 


Levizac's Grammar, vie de Wash- 
ington. 




73 


Algebra. 


Smith's Algebra. 




2j 
hi 


Geometry. 


Davies' Legendre. 


2d year. 


o 


Analytical Geometry com- 


Smith's Biot. 






menced. 






w 


French. 


Gil Bias. 




H 


Drawing, Landscape. 








Analytical Geometry concluded. 


Smith's Biot. 






Descriptive Geometry. 


Davies. 






Shades, Shadows, and Perspec- 


Lectures. 




CO 


tive. 






CO 


Surveying. 


Davies, and Practice in Field. 






Differential and Integral Calcu- 


Boucharlat [in French]. 


3d year. 




lus. 






a 


French. 


Gil Bias and Charles XII. 






Latin. 


Anthon's Cassar, and Virgil and 




02 


Drawing, Topography, and Li- 
near. 


Cicero. 






Mechanics. 


Boucharlat [in French]. 


~ 




Optics and Astronomy. 


Bartlett and Gummere. 




CO 


Chemistry. 


Turner. 






Military and Civil Engineering. 


Mahan and Lectures. 


4th year. 


O 


Tactics, Infantry and Artillery. 


Scott and Anderson. 


H 


Latin. 


Horace, Terence. 




CO 


English Literature. 


Chambers and Lectures. 




£ 


Rhetoric. 


Blair. 






Geography and History. 


Lectures. 



Cadets are assigned to classes according to their previous preparation, except 
that no Cadet can enter a higher class than the second. 

The Cadets are daily occupied in military exercises at such hours as not to in- 
terfere with their regular studies. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE, 



AN ACT 



Amending and reducing into one the several acts concerning the re- 
organization of the Lexington Arsenal and the establishment 
therewith of a Military School at Washington College. 

[Passed March 29, 1839.] 

Whereas it is represented to the General Assembly, that the Preamble. 
State Arsenal, situated near the town of Lexington, in the county 
of Rockbridge, can be advantageously converted into a Public 
Military School without endangering the public arms, or other 
property, thereto belonging, and without imposing any additional 
expense upon the Commonwealth : 

1. Be it therefore enacted, That the sum of six thousand dol- ! ^B ,ro S?* 

J ' tion for Mil- 

iars, be and the same is hereby appropriated annually from the tary School. 

public treasury for the establishment and support of a Military 

School at the said Arsenal, upon the plan hereinafter provided 

for, which said School shall be called the " Virginian Military Name - 

Institute." 

2. Be it further enacted, That the Governor of this Com- Board of 

J . . Visitors to 

monwealth shall annually appoint nine fit and proper persons, be appointed, 
who, together with the Adjutant General, shall constitute a 
Board of Visitors for said Military School, any four of whom 
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of the mere or- Quorum, 
dinary business, but in making arrangements for the erection 
of buildings, or for material and permanent alterations of the 
present buildings, as well as the removal of Professors from 
office, not less than six shall constitute a quorum. And it 
shall be the duty of said Visitors, on or before the first day of Time of 
June next, and annually thereafter, at such times as they them- meeting, 
selves shall designate, to meet at said arsenal, and there to 
establish and declare such regulations as they may deem neces- 
sary and proper for the organization and good government 



6 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

By-laws for of said School. Said Visitors shall have power to establish 
of a school ent suc h by-laws for the management of the School, and the pro- 
tion of 0t ro- tec ^ on °? tn e public property, as shall not be inconsistent 
perty. with the laws of this State, or of the United States ; shall 

Treasurer to ., . . 

be appointed, appoint a Treasurer, taking from him bond with ample secu- 
rity, made payable to the Governor, and his successors in office, 
and conditioned for the faithful keeping and disbursement of such 
moneys herein appropriated, and such other moneys as shall be 
allowed by said Visitors, from time to time, to come into his 
hands ; they shall also examine and settle his accounts annually 

his^cted 8 or °f tener l inspect the public arms and other property, at said 

Report to be arsenal, and make a minute and full report of their condition, as 
well as the condition of the School, to the Governor, to be by 
him laid before the General Assembly ; shall have power to 

Professors appoint one or more Professors qualified to give instruction in 
d*' a d re-"* military science, and in other branches of knowledge, which 

moved; their they, the said Managers, may deem essential ; to fix the salaries 

ECluU'iCS. . 

of said Professors, and to remove them for good cause ; but in 
every case of removal, a majority of the whole number of Vi- 
sitors shall concur, and shall communicate to the Governor in 
., . . -writing, a full statement of the reasons upon which the removal 

Admission ot o' r ■ t 

students. was mac i e< Besides prescribing the general terms upon which 
students may be admitted, the course of their instruction, the 
kind and duration of their service (which duration shall not 
vie™ ser " exceed five, nor be less than two years), the said Visitors are 
muted? 1 ad "still further empowered to admit as the regular Students or Ca- 
dets at said Military school any number of young men not fewer 
than twenty, nor exceeding forty, and who shall not be less than 
Ageofsm- sixteen nor more than twenty-five years of age; and in this 
admission to be made upon undoubted evidence of fair moral 
character, a strict regard shall be had to the proportionate popu- 
To be taken lation of the four great constitutional divisions of the State, 
from senato- ta kj nor m tne fi rst place one from each senatorial district offering 

rial and con- ° r .... 

stitutionai ., one so that the relative claims of each one to a due participation 

divisions of * . „ * , . i i • 1 

state. in the benefits of said School may be secured ; but in the event 

of any of the constitutional divisions of the State not furnishing 
their full proportions of Students, the Board of Visitors, after 
having given due notice of such deficiency, shall be and are 
hereby authorized to fill such vacancy or vacancies, with 
proper applications from any other of the constitutional divisions 
students to of the State. The Students at the School thus admitted shall be 
ArlenaL ° f formed into a military corps, and shall constitute the Public 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. ' 

Guard of the Arsenal aforesaid. And whenever the said Vi- ggj* * 
sitors shall certify to the Governor that the said School is ready Arsenal, 
to go into operation, and that a sufficient number of Students or 
Cadets have been admitted, to guard effectually the public arms, 
and other property at the said Arsenal, the Governor shall forth- Jhentobe 
with disband the present Public Guard, and order the grounds, disbanded, 
buildings, arms, and all other property belonging to said Arsenal, J^ ^ " e y n _'° 
to be surrendered to said Visitors, or to any one thereof, who dered to 

; , j Visitors. 

may have been designated by them to receive such surrender. 

And the said Professors and Military Students shall be collec- R esp onsibi- 

tively anij individually responsible for the safe keeping, protec- f eJ s °rsand 

tion, and preservation of the said grounds, buildings, arms, and students. 

other property, in all respects, as the Commandant, other officers, 

and Public Guard are now responsible. 

3. Any three of the Visitors may form a Board for the trans- Board" n ° f 
action of business, and all vacancies occurring from death, re- ^ a s n ^ 3 ' 
moval, refusal to act, or otherwise, shall be immediatly commu- P lied - 
nicated by the residue of said Visitors to the Governor, who 

shall forthwith proceed to supply them. All reasonable ex- 
penses incurred by said Visitors in discharging the duties hereby vf^torea"- 
imposed upon them (not including, however, any wages or per lowed - 
diem compensation), shall be allowed, and when admitted by the 
Governor, shall by him be caused to be paid by warrant on the 
treasury. 

4. Any commissioned officer of the militia of Virginia, may [JSJ 11 
enter as a Pupil the School hereby established for a period of officers - 
time not exceeding ten months, and receive instruction in any, 

or all of the departments of military science, therein taught, 
without being required to pay any fee or charge whatsoever, 
but such officer shall not be recognised as a regular Student, 
and as such admitted to the further privileges hereafter provided 
for. 

5. And whereas it is believed by the General Assembly, 
that some auxiliary connexion between the Arsenal hereby 
erected into a Public School, and Washington College, which 
is situated in its vicinity, might be established, and in such 
way as to promote the purposes and benefits of instruction, in 
both : Be it therefore enacted, That the Visitors aforesaid 
shall have full power to enter into any legal arrangement with 

the Trustees of said Washington College, by which the Students connect 

° Military 

at the Arsenal and those at the College may respectively be ad- school with 
mitted to all the advantages and departments of instruction pro- coUege Dgt0n 



8 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Power to vided for at either place, and upon such terms as said parties 

connect t i • i /> • 

Military shall mutually stipulate, and which terms may from time to time 

School with .-it iii • ni 

Washington be varied, or may be revoked as the parties may mutually deter- 

Gollege. 

mine. 
Power to k re- 6. That it shall be lawful for the Board of Visitors to expend 
p^ a ° d ild _ so much of the appropriation herein provided, as may be proper 
ings. f or the repair and erection of such buildings as may be necessary 

for the accommodation of Officers and Students of said Military 
School. Said Board of Visitors shall be, and are hereby author- 
ized to contract for and have erected, at such time as they may 
deem proper and necessary, such additional building or buildings : 
Additional Provided, however, that such expenditure shall not exceed one 

appropna- ' r 

tion. thousand dollars annually for the first three years, and in any 

subsequent year shall not exceed the sum of five hundred dollars. 

7. The act, entitled, " an act re-organizing the Lexington 

c*iause hng Arsenal, and establishing a Military School in connexion with 
Washington College," passed March the twenty-second, eighteen 
hundred and thirty-six, is hereby repealed. 

commence- This act shall be in force from the passing thereof. 

ment. 



AN ACT' 

Regulating and restraining credits by merchants and others to Stu- 
dents of the Virginia Military Institute. 

[Passed January 12, 1S42.] 

1. Be it enacted hy the General Assembly, That all the provi- 
sions of an act entitled " an act regulating and restraining the 
terms upon which credits shall be allowed by merchants, trades- 
men, and others, to Students of the Universities and Colleges of 
the State," passed March 10, 1838, shall be and are hereby ex- 
tended to the Students of the Virginia Military Institute at Lex- 
ington, as fully as if said Institute had been embraced in terms 
by said act. 

2. This act shall be in force from the passing thereof. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

AN ACT 

Authorizing the degree of graduate of the Institute to be conferred 
on Cadets of the Military School at Lexington. 

[Passed February 14, 1842.] 

1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That the Governor 
of this Commonwealth, and Visitors and Faculty of the Virginia 
Military Institute, be and they are hereby authorized to confer the 
degree of graduate of the Institute upon such Cadets as are found 
qualified to receive it, after full examination upon all the branches 
of the arts and sciences, and of literature, that are taught in the 
Institute. • 

2. This act shall be in force from the passing thereof. 



AN ACT 

Making an appropriation to the Military School at Lexington. 

[Passed March 8, 1S42.] 

1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That in addition to 
the sum of money heretofore appropriated for the support of the 
Cadets of the Military Institute at Lexington, the further sum of 
fifteen hundred dollars shall be, and the same is hereby appropri- 
ated as provided for in the Act of March the twenty-second, eight- 
een hundred and thirty-six, out of the surplus revenue of the 
Literary Fund (as an annual appropriation) to said Institute, and 
the sum of money hereby appropriated shall be paid to the Trea- 
surer of the Institute, or his order, at such times, and according 
to such forms, as are prescribed for the payment of the annual 
appropriation heretofore made. 

2. Be it further enacted, That every Cadet, who shall hereaf- 
ter be received on State account, shall be required to act in the 
capacity of a teacher in one of the schools within the Common- 
wealth, for the term of two years after finishing his course at the 
Institute, unless excused by the Board of Visitors ; Provided, 
however, that nothing in this act shall be so construed as to de- 
prive such Cadet of any portion of his tuition fees as a teacher. 

3. This act shall be in force from its passage. 



Virginia Military Institute, 
July Uh, 1848. 
The following revised Regulations having been prepared 
by the Board of Visitors, under the authority vested in them 
by law, it is directed that they shall be in force from and 
after the 1st day of September next. 

By command of the Board of Visitors, 

CORBIN BRAXTON, 

President of the Board of Visitors. 



REGULATIONS 

OF THE 

VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE 

AT LEXINGTON. 



ORGANIZATION, AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS. 

1. The Principal Professor and Superintendent, with the General du- 
title of Colonel, and in his absence the Senior Professor, will 'ntendent 1 **" 
have the immediate government of the Institute, and be held 
responsible for its correct management. He will direct the studies, 

field exercises, and all other academic studies ; and all Pro- 
fessors, Teachers, Academic Officers, Students, and Cadets, shall 
be under his command. He will render all returns, estimates, 
and communications concerning the Institution, to the Board of 
Visitors. The safe keeping and preservation of the arms and 
other public property is especially confided to the Superinten- 
dent, who shall make examinations thereof at least once in every 
month, and report their condition within five days after such 
examination to the Board of Visitors, with such suggestions and 
recommendations as he may deem proper. 

2. All Professors and Teachers shall hold their offices at the Tenure of ©f- 
pleasure of the Board of Visitors. 

3. The Superintendent will be required to give to the Board Notice of re- 
of Visitors six months previous notice before resignation, and SIgnatl0n - 
other Professors and Teachers three months. 

4. The academic duties of the Principal Professor shall be ^ c ? dem , ic „ 

r duties of Su- 

annually prescribed by the Board of Visitors. perintend- 

5. The Professors and Teachers shall receive every mark of Respect to 
respect to which their rank and office may entitle them respec- pr °^ s °° rs ' 
tively ; but no Professor, Assistant Professor, or Teacher, shall 
receive any fee, present, or reward from any cadet or c idets of 

the Institute. 

6. The Professors shall rank according to the date of Acade- 
mic appointment in all academic details and duties ; and accord- 
ing to military grade in all details for military duty. 



12 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Who are Ca 
dets. 

Cadets act- 
ing as pro- 
fessors. 



Treasurer. 



Quarter- 
master. 



7. All the pupils shall be styled Cadets. The superintendent 
is authorized to detail as many Cadets to act as Assistant Pro- 
fessors and Teachers as may be required, and the appointment 
will be considered an honorable distinction. 

8. A Treasurer shall annually be appointed by the Board of 
Visitors with such compensation as they may deem sufficient, 
who shall give bond and security for the faithful performance of 
his duty. All funds belonging to the Institute, and all deposits 
made on account of the Cadets, shall be deposited in the Lexing- 
ton Savings' Institution to the credit of the Treasurer of the In- 
stitute, the certificates of deposit being handed to the Treasurer 
of the Institute as vouchers, duplicates of the same acknowledged 
by said Treasurer being filed in the Superintendent's office. 
The Treasurer shall keep separate accounts with the Institute, 
Officers, and Cadets. No money shall be drawn from the funds 
of the Institute or from the deposits of the Cadets, but upon the 
order of the Superintendent, and a check drawn by the Treasurer 
and countersigned by the Superintendent. The Treasurer's ac- 
count shall be subject to the revisal and approval of the Superin- 
tendent. He shall make a monthly balance sheet, showing the 
condition of the Treasury, for the use of the Superintendent. He 
shall make an abstract of all cash payments made on account of 
the Cadets for the use of the officers charged with keeping the 
check books of the Cadets. He shall return to the Superintend- 
ent on the first of July, annually, all receipts for payments made 
on account of Cadets. He shall make annually a detailed report, 
to be laid before the Superintendent, setting forth all payments 
and receipts on account of the Institute, separating, in distinct 
accounts, those belonging to the Institute proper, the Quarter- 
master, Commissary, &c, with the necessary vouchers, and 
make such a consolidated exhibit as shall show the actual con- 
dition of the public funds. 

9. The Quarter-master, who shall be appointed annually by 
the Board, shall have in charge the supplies furnished to the 
Cadets, and shall issue them upon orders given by the Superin- 
tendent, at prices fixed by the Board of Visitors. He shall keep 
correct accounts of all supplies which he may receive, and of all 
articles furnished to the Cadets, separating in both accounts the 
several species of articles. He shall keep an account against 
the Treasurer, in which he shall charge that officer with all the 
articles delivered to the Cadets at their proper prices, and shall 
enter therein all proper credits to the Treasurer which may arise 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 13 

in the department. He shall be charged by the Treasurer with j^jfj^" 
all payments made to the Institute tailor, and shall be credited 
with all clothing made by the tailor. He shall annually lay 
before the Board of Visitors a detailed report of his transactions 
for the preceding year, together with an inventory of the pro- 
perty remaining in his hands, and its cost. 

10. A Surgeon shall be appointed for the Institute by the Sur ge° n - 
Board of Visitors at their annual meeting in July, and upon their 
failure so to appoint one at that time, the appointment shall be 
made by the resident members of the Board. He shall hold his 
office one year ; shall be subject to removal for cause at any 

time by the general or resident Board ; and in this case, the 
Board so removing, shall appoint another for the residue of his 
term ; he shall promptly and faithfully attend in person upon the 
Cadets at the Institute whenever called upon professionally for 
that purpose, by any of the officers of the Institute ; shall, at the 
requisition of the commanding officer, make careful examination 
into, and report in writing upon the health of any Cadet, who, 
complaining of sickness, may ask on that account to be relieved 
from any of his duties ; and he shall generally do whatsoever is 
proper to be done by him as health officer «f the Institution. 
For the services so rendered in person, unless himself sick, and 
then by some competent physician at his expense, he shall receive 
in full compensation the payment provided for by the Board. 

11. A Commissary of Subsistence shall be annually appointed Comaaieiary 
by the Board of Visitors, with such compensation as they may 

deem sufficient, whose duty it shall be to receive all supplies of 
provisions, &c, furnished for the Steward's department, issue 
them upon requisition made by the Steward, and countersigned 
by the Superintendent. He shall keep accurate accounts of all 
the expenses of the Steward's department, and make a quarterly 
statement thereof to the Superintendent, for an equal division of 
the same among the Cadets of the Institute. He shall annually 
make a detailed report of the operations of his department for the 
preceding year to be laid before the Board by the Superinten- 
dent, together with an inventory of the property on hand, and its 
value. 

12. A Steward shall be annually appointed by the Board of steward. 
Visitors, with* such compensation as they may deem sufficient, 
whose duty it shall be to see that the provisions furnished by the 
Commissary of Subsistence are properly cooked and served up. 

He shall make weekly requisitions upon the Commissary for the 



14 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Board of 
Surrey. 



steward, necessary supplies for the Mess Hall, and be held accountable 
for them. He shall be responsible for the public property be- 
longing to the Mess Hall, see that the servants attached thereto 
discharge their duties, and keep the Mess Hall and its appurte- 
nances at all times in a thorough state of police. Should any 
provisions furnished by the Commissary be unsound, or unfit for 
use, he shall immediately report the fact to the Board of Survey. 
He shall report all violations of the Mess Hall regulations coming 
under his observation and control to the Commandant of Cadets. 
13. Three senior officers next in rank to the Superintendent 
shall constitute a Board of Survey, whose duty it shall be to in- 
spect all provisions reported unsound by the Steward, make 
regular visitations of the Mess Hall, by a weekly detail of one of 
its members, and report to the Superintendent such modifications 
in the existing regulations as experience may dictate for the 
order of the Hall and for the comfort of the Cadets. 

Register. 14. The Superintendent shall keep a register, in which shall 

be recorded the name of every Cadet, as soon as he shall enter 
the Institute, with his age and height, and the County, Senatorial 
District, and Constitutional Division of the State, from which he 
may come ; a transcript of which, so far as may relate to the 
Cadets for the time being, shall be laid before the Board of Visi- 
tors by him at every annual meeting. 



ADMISSION OF CADETS. 



Time and 
manner of 
applying. 



Time of ex 

animation. 



Time of ad 
mission of 
State Ca- 
dets. 



15. All applications for admission into the Virginia Military 
Institute, as Cadets, shall be addressed to the Board of Visitors 
at Lexington, accompanied by written testimonials of fair moral 
character, and of the claims and other qualifications of the appli- 
cant, on or before the 1st day of July in each year ; and the can- 
didates selected by the Board will be required to repair to Lex- 
ington forthwith, and report themselves to the Superintendent, by 
whom they will be ■examined. 

16. Admissions will not be allowed at any other time, except 
to fill vacancies occasioned by death, resignation, or dismissal, or 
when the candidate may have been prevented by sickness, or 
other unavoidable cause, from reporting himself at Jhe time men- 
tioned in the previous regulation ; in which case he shall be 
examined as soon after he has so reported himself, as may be 
convenient. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 15 

17. Each candidate, before he is admitted into the Institute as Knowledge 
a Cadet, or Student, must be able to read and write well, and to admission, 
perform with facility and accuracy the various operations of the 

four ground rules of arithmetic, — of reduction, of simple and 
compound proportions, and of vulgar and decimal fractions. 

18. Candidates for admission will, upon application to the Admission 

i , T i • of other than 

Faculty, be examined at the Institute; — and assigned to such state Cadets, 
class as their proficiency in their studies shall warrant. 

19. No Cadet shall be admitted who is less than sixteen or Physical 
more than twenty-five years of age, or who is below four feet turns, 
nine inches in height, or deformed, or afflicted with any disease 

or infirmity which would render him unfit for military service ; 
or who may bring with him, at the time of presenting himself, 
any disorder of an infectious or immoral character. 

20. The term of service of the State Cadets shall be not less Term of ser- 
than three years, except in those cases in which, from previous 
preparation, as provided in the 15th Article, he may be able to 
graduate in two years ; for other Cadets, not less than two 
years; but no Cadet shall remain longer than four years; and 

each Cadet, when he enters the Institute, shall subscribe in a 
book to be kept for that purpose, the following matriculation 
promise : — " I hereby engage to serve as a Cadet in the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute for the term for which I have entered, 
and I promise on honor, while I continue a member thereof to obey 
all legal orders of the constituted authorities of the Institute, and to 
discharge all my duties as Cadet with regularity and fidelity." And 
if a State Cadet, " I further promise to serve in the capacity of a 
teacher in someone of the schools of the Commonwealth, for the term 
of two years, after finishing my course at the Institute, unless excused 
by the Board of Visitors." 

21. Whenever vacancies shall occur in the corps of Cadets, ^ ow vacan- 

C169 to bG 

whether by resignation or otherwise, or when any of the Consti- filled, 
tutional Divisions shall not furnish their full proportions of regu- 
lar Cadets, the Senatorial District or Districts entitled to supply 
such vacancy or deficiency shall have due notification of the fact, 
and if, within sixty days, no application shall be received from 
such district or districts, then a general notification shall be 
given, that applications will be received from the State at large. 

22. In the admission of Cadets other than State Cadets, a strict Apportkm- 
regard shall be had to the proportionate population of the four other °han 
great constitutional divisions of the State, taking in the first place defa? ° a 
one from each Senatorial district offering one ; but, in the event 



16 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Apportion- that any of these constitutional divisions shall not furnish their 
other than due proportion of such Cadets, the full number that may be re- 
state Cadets. ce j vec [ at fa e j ns titute may be made up by the Board of Visitors 
from the applications from any other of such constitutional divi- 
sions, provided that public notice shall have been previously 
given, by advertisement for three months, of the probable num- 
ber of vacancies. 

23. If, after the appointment of a State Cadet, it should appear 
that his parent or guardian is able to support him as a Pay Cadet, 
he shall be immediately transferred lo this class of Cadets, and 
his vacancy filled in accordance with the Regulations. 
Discharged 24. No Cadet discharged from the Institute shall be re-ap- 
appointed. pointed or restored under any circumstances, unless application 
is made to the Board of Visitors to reconsider his case, and it can 
be clearly shown that his case was misunderstood, 
st d f "^*" ^° Student under sentence of suspension, dismission, or 

other instim- expulsion from any other institution, shall be received as a Cadet 
or Student of the Institute ; unless in such cases as may seem to 
the Board of Visitors to form proper exceptions to this rule. 
Answer to 26. When an applicant shall be selected for admission, his 
applicant. se i ec ti n shall be immediately communicated to him by the Se- 
cretary of the Board of Visitors, together with such of the regula- 
tions as relate to admission. 
Married ap- 27. No married person will be appointed a Cadet at the Mili- 
Cadm. tary Institute ; and if any Cadet shall be married while there, 
such marriage shall be considered as equivalent to a resignation, 
and he will leave the Institute. 
Probation. 28. No Cadet shall be finally admitted, until he shall have 
passed satisfactorily the semi-annual examination next after his 
entrance into the Institute. 
Warrant. 29. When a Cadet shall be finally admitted, he shall receive 

a warrant of appointment, signed by the President of the Board 
of Visitors for the time being. 
Clothes. 30. Each selected candidate will be required to bring with 

him, or to provide before his admission, the following articles : 
2 pairs Monroe shoes. 
2 pairs white Berlin gloves. 
7 shirts. 

7 pairs yarn or worsted socks. 
7 pairs cotton socks. 
4 pocket handkerchiefs. 
6 towels. 



. VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE- 17 

1 foul clothes bag, made of ticking. Clothe*. 

1 clothes brush. 
1 hair brush. 
1 tooth brush. 

1 comb. 

2 pillow cases. 

2 pairs sheets for a single bed. 
1 pair blankets for a single bed. 
1 trunk. 
1 comfort- 

TERMS. 

31. The board, washing, beds, fuel, lights, mathematical in- Expenses 
struments, books, and stationery of the State Cadets, will be fur- 
nished by the Institute. 

32. Cadets other than State Cadets shall defray their own 
expenses, and in addition shall pay annually in advance for in- 
struction in the Institute the sum of $30. 

33. Each Cadet will be required to deposit semi-annually in 
advance, with the Treasurer, a sura sufficient to cover his ex- 
penses for 6 months, and each Pay Cadet shall, in addition 
thereto, annually in advance deposit with the same officer, a 
medical fee of $3, to be by him paid over to the Surgeon of the 
Institute : and upon the failure of any Cadet herein required to 
make the deposits above mentioned, for the space of six weeks 
after the time required, such Cadet shall be subject to dismission 
therefor at the discretion of the Board of Visitors. 

34. The Superintendent shall make all contracts on behalf of Contract*, 
the Board of Visitors, and for the Cadets, for supplying the Cadets 

with board, fuel, candles, washing, and other necessary articles ; 
and in no case will it be allowable for a Pay Cadet to pay a 
larger sum for boarding than is paid for the State Cadets. 

35. All moneys for the use of the Cadets must be remitted di- Remittances 
rectly to the Superintendent. Any Cadet who shall violate this 
regulation, or whose parent or Guardian shall pay any debt con- 
tracted by him during his connexion with the Institute, and in 
violation of its Rules, shall be subject to immediate discharge. 

36. For all expenses, except the fees for tuition and medical 
attendance, every Cadet leaving the Institute before the expira- 
tion of the period for which he has made an advance, shall receive 
the unexpended balance. 

2 



18 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Remittances. 37. Upon the failure of any Cadet to keep himself supplied 
with any or all of the articles of clothing required of him, he 
shall be subject to dismissal therefor at the discretion of the 
Board of Visitors. 

CLOTHING, FURNITURE, &c. 

38. Each Cadet shall keep himself supplied, at all times, in 
addition to the articles of clothing which he is required to bring 
with him, with the following, viz : 

Uniform of One light grey cloth coatee, single breasted, with three rows 

Coatee! of eight gilt convex buttons in front, impressed with the arms of 
the State of Virginia, and blind button-holes of black silk cord in 
the herring bone form, with a festoon turned at the back end ; a 
standing collar trimmed with black silk braid to fit the neck and 
to hook in front, and a yellow Virginia button on each side — 
with a blind button-hole like the foregoing — cuffs four inches 
wide, to be indented, with three buttons and cord holes likewise 
on each sleeve, in the centre of which is to be inserted the lower 
button — the bottom of the breast and hip buttons to range — simi- 
lar cord holes to proceed from three buttons placed lengthways 
on the skirts, with three buttons down the plaits. 

Surtouu One surtout coat, of grey cloth, of the same color with that 

for the coatee, single breasted, to reach just below the knee, with 
a stand and fall collar rising to the tip of the ear, and hooked in 
front. Five gilt buttons down the front, of the same description 
with those for the coatee ; one button on each side of the collar, 
with a blind button-hole of silk cord four inches long, and three 
buttons in each plait behind. 

Ve«s. One grey cloth vest for winter, of the same color with the 

coatee, single breasted, flat gilt buttons, trimmed with black silk 
lace, and standing collar. 

Two white vests for summer, of the same pattern. 

Pantaloons. Two pairs of grey cloth pantaloons for winter, with a black 
cloth stripe, one and a half inches wide, down the outer seam. 

Four pairs of plain white Russian drilling pantaloons for sum- 
mer, without trimmings. 

Katieae One fatigue jacket and one pair of fatigue pantaloons, of un- 

dres *' bleached Russian drilling — the pantaloons to be without trim- 

mings — the jacket single breasted, with a stand and fall collar, 
one flat gilt button on each side of the collar half an inch in dia- 
meter, and eight similar buttons down the front. 

Drew cap. One black leather cap, slightly bell crowned, seven inches 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 19 

high, with a vizor of strong leather in front, highly polished, dia- Dress eap. 
mond shaped yellow plate in front, with the arms of the State of 
Virginia impressed — black pompoon, six inches long ; black lea- 
ther cockade, one and a half inch wide, with a small yellow 
button ; yellow scales, to fasten in front or under the chin. 

A forage cap, to be made by a pattern directed by the Super- Foragecap, 
intendent. 

One black stock — two sets white belts, two inches wide — and 
one account book. 

39. The dress of the Superintendent and Professors, for mili- Uniform of 
tary duty, will conform to that of the corps of engineers of the ° dCU,jr ' 
United States' army, except the button, which shall be the same 

with that prescribed for the Militia of the State. 

40. All articles of uniform, clothing, and equipments, shall be Patterns, 
made in strict conformity to patterns, and of materials approved 

by the Superintendent. . 

41. No other dress than that which is prescribed shall be worn Prohibition 
by the Cadets out of their rooms without permission. dre°ss. er 

42. Each Cadet will unite with his room-mates in purchasing, Common 
for their common use, one looking-glass, one wash stand, one property ' 
wash pan, one pitcher, one pail, and one broom. 

43. Every Cadet is prohibited to sell, or otherwise dispose of, s .a les proht- 
his clothing, books, or any other article which he may have pur- 
chased for his own use, without permission. 

ACCOUNTS. 

44. No Cadet shall contract any debt without permission of the Debts forbid- 
Superintendent ; nor be furnished with any article whatever by 

any storekeeper or other person, without the order of the Super- 
intendent ; and the Cadet obtaining such order shall, in all cases, 
show such article to the Superintendent. 

45. Every Cadet shall keep a book, in which shall be charged Account 
every article he may purchase on credit. This book shall be b °° ks ' 
examined by the Superintendent. 

46. No Cadet shall obtain from the Superintendent an order 
for goods or money, unless there be a balance due to the said 
Cadet, in the hands of the Treasurer, equal to the amount of such 
order. 

47. The Treasurer shall keep an account open with each 
Cadet for whom money shall have been deposited in his hands, 
in which he shall be credited with the sum so deposited, and 



20 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Account 

IK)0k8. 



charged with the sums paid to his creditors ; and for such dis- 
bursements proper receipts shall be taken by the Treasurer, and 
kept on file in his office. 

48. Any Cadet will be permitted to inspect his accounts on 
application for that purpose during office hours. 



COURSE OF INSTRUCTION. 



Lenpth of 
course. 



Classes. 



49. The following shall be the prescribed course of study at 
the Institute, the whole of which shall be regularly pursued by 
every Cadet, unless specially exempted for good cause by the 
Superintendent. 

1st. Infantry Tactics and Military Police : According to the 
system established for the government of the Army of the United 
States, 

2d. Mathematics : Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigono- 
metry, Surveying, Descriptive Geometry and its applications, 
Analytical Geometry, Differential and Integral Calculus. 

3d. English Language and Literature, Geography, and the 
French and Latin Languages. 

4th. Drawing : Topography and Architectural Drawing. 

5th. Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Astronomy, Optics, 
CJiemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology. 

6th. Science and Practice of Artillery. 

7th. Civil and Military Engineering, and Civil Architecture. 

50. The foregoing course of instruction will commence on 
the 1st of September in each year, and will be completed in four 
years. 

51. The Cadets shall be arranged by the Superintendent into 
four distinct annual classes, corresponding with the four years of 
study. The Cadets employed on the first year's course, are to 
constitute the fourth class ; those on the second year's course, the 
third class ; those on the third year's course, the second class ; 
and those on the fourth year's course, the first cla^ss. 

52. The several branches of study for each class, the order of 
instruction, the time to be employed in each branch, and the 
daily allowance of time for the class studies, shall be arranged 
by the Superintendent, under the guidance of experience and a 
just regard to the objects of the institution ; and a programme of 
such arrangement shall be drawn up by him and submitted to 
the Board of Visitors, and, when approved by them, shall regu- 
late the course of instruction. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 21 

53. The classes shall be considered as taking their commence- Commence- 
ment on 1st of July annually, when the result of the examination course. , 
held in the preceding month shall be announced ; and at no other 

time shall a Cadet be advanced or transferred from one class to 
another, unless prevented by sickness or authorized absence from 
attending at the aforesaid examination, in which case a special 
examination shall be granted him ; but in no case shall a Cadet 
be passed from one class to another without a previous examina- 
tion by the Faculty. 

54. Each Professor and Instructor at the head of a separate Manner of 

i i ii i ' i • i ' 'p ' \ n • instruction. 

department, shall be the judge of the proper mode of conveying 
instruction in his own department, and shall be held responsible 
for the correctness of that mode. 

55. Each Instructor, having immediate charge of a class, or Class re- 
section of a class, for instruction, shall keep daily notes of its 
progress, and the relative merit of the students ; and at the end 

of each week he shall make report thereon to the Superintendent, 
according to such form as he may prescribe. 

56. From the weekly class reports of each month, a consoli- 
dated report of progress will be made out quarterly, and an ab- 
stract thereof forwarded by the Superintendent to the parent or 
guardian of each Cadet, exhibiting his standing for that quarter, 
his health, his deposits with the Treasurer, his debits with the 
Treasurer, and with tailors, storekeepers, &c, the cash on hand 
or the amount due, as the case may be, and the remittance re- 
quired, if any, to pay arrears, and for the expenses of the next 
quarter. 

57. During the months of July and August in every year, the Encamp- 
Cadets will be encamped, and the instruction will be exclusively ment- 
military. 

GENERAL EXAMINATIONS. 

58. An annual examination of all the classes, preparatory to Annual, 
their advancement, will commence on the 1st day of July in each 
year ; at which time the Cadets shall be examined by the Fa- 
culty, in the presence of the Board of Visitors, and such other 
literary and scientific gentlemen as may be invited to attend, and 

any others who may choose to be present. 

59. Any Cadet found deficient at the annual examination in the Deficient 
studies of his class, shall not be advanced to the next higher class ; 

and if, in the opinion of the Faculty, his deficiency is to be at- 



22 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



examina 

lion. 



Report of 
probation. 



Distinguish 
ed Cadets. 



CMtet 6 "' tributed to utter incapacity, or habitual want of application, or 
his conduct be grossly or generally immoral or improper, his case 
shall be reported to the Board of Visitors at their annual session, 
to the end that he may be discharged. 

Semi-annual 60. A semi-annual examination shall be held by the Faculty, 
in the presence of such members of the Board of Visitors as may 
attend, commencing on the first Monday in January in each 
year. 

61. Immediately after each semi-annual examination, the 
Superintendent shall report to the Board of Visitors, who will 
hold a special meeting for the purpose of receiving and acting on 
such report, the names of all such Cadets of the third class as 
shall have shown utter incapacity, or whose conduct has been 
grossly or generally improper or immoral, and whom he may 
deem it advisable to discharge ; and thereupon the Board of 
Visitors may either admit finally or discharge such Cadets, as 
their respective cases may seem to them to render proper. 

62. The Board of Visitors, in conjunction with the Superin- 
tendent, will annually, immediately after the general examina- 
tion, select for publication the names of such Cadets as have most 
distinguished themselves in the examination, not exceeding two 
in each class, and will specify the studies in which they particu* 
larly excel ; and the standing both for conduct and scholarship of 
each Cadet shall also be at the same time communicated by them 
to their parents or guardians. 

63. Whenever a State Cadet shall be found deficient in any 
one of his studies for two successive years, he shall stand ipso 

facto dismissed. 

64. After the annual examination, a diploma, signed by the 
Governor of Virginia, and the Visitors and Faculty of the Insti- 
tute, shall be granted to each Cadet of the first class desiring it, 
who shall be found to have deserved it as well by his moral de- 
portment as" his proficiency in his studies. Each Cadet receiving 
a diploma shall be required to pay $5 therefor. 

65. Any Cadet whose class marks in any one year shall be 
below five-sixths of the maximum in any one subject, or whose 
marks assigned him at the annual examination by the Board of 
Visitors shall be less than 250 in any subject counting 300, and 
in like proportion for other subjects, shall stand ipso facto defi- 
cient ; and if, at the end of his term, the number assigned to any 
Cadet in conduct, shall fall below five-sixths the maximum for 
conduct, his diploma shall be withheld. 



Diploma. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 23 

MERIT ROLLS. 

66. At every January examination, the Faculty will form Particular 
rolls, in which the names of the Cadets shall be arranged in their 
respective classes, in the order of their merit or proficiency in 

each branch of instruction upon which they are examined. 

67. At every July examination, the Faculty will, in addition General, 
to rolls similar to those described in the preceding paragraph, 
form others, in which the merit of each Cadet in each branch 

of instruction, upon which he is examined, shall be denoted by 
a number proportional to his proficiency and to the importance 
of the subject ; and in which the names of the Cadets shall be 
arranged in their respective classes in the order of aggregate 
merit, as determined for each, by the addition of the numbers 
expressing his merit in each particular branch ; but in form- 
ing the final merit roll of the first class, the result of the actual 
examination shall be incorporated with those of former exami- 
nations. 

68. The relative weight to be given to the different subjects, Scale, 
in forming the general merit roll of each class, is represented 

by the following numbers : 



Conduct, 


- 3 


Engineering, 
Mathematics, 


- 3 

- 3 


Natural Philosophy, &c, 
Infantry Tactics, 


- 3 

- 2 


Chemistry, 

Mineralogy and Geology, 

Artillery, 

English, French, and Latin, 


- 2 
1 

- 1 

- 1 


Drawing, 


t-j 


Geography, k- 
History, 


- 1 

- 1 



each 



69. Rolls, exhibiting the relative merit of the Cadets in con- Conduct 
duct, shall be formed by the Faculty from the register of delin- ro s ' 
quencies at the July examination for the whole of the academic 
year, in the following manner, viz. 

1st. All the recorded delinquencies of the Cadets shall be ar- 
ranged in seven classes, each of which shall comprise those of 
nearly the same degree of criminality. 

2d. The degree of criminality of an offence of each of the 
classes so formed shall be expressed as follows : 



24 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Conduct 
rolls. 



Offences of the 1st class by 10 



Deficiency 
in conduct. 



Copies. 



2d 


« 


8 


3d 


tt 


5 


4th 


tt 


4 


5th 


it 


3 


6th 


tt 


2 


7th 


it 


1 



For each year (after the first year) that a Cadet may be a 
member of the institution, his offences shall be made to count 
more, by adding to the number expressing the degree of crimi- 
nality of each offence, one sixth for his second, one third for his 
third, and one half for his fourth year. 

3d. The total demerit of each Cadet will be expressed by 
the sum of the products of the number of offences of each 
class, divided by the number which expresses the criminality 
of one offence of that class. 

4th. The names will be arranged throughout in the order of 
demerit, those of the least degree being placed first. 

70. When any Cadet shall have a number expressing his de- 
merit in the general conduct roll greater than 100 by the 1st of 
January, or 200 for any one year, such Cadet shall be declared 
deficient in conduct, and be reported by the Faculty to the Board 
of Visitors for dismissal. 

71. Copies of all the merit rolls will be reported to the Board 
of Visitors at their annual meeting, and the rolls will also be 
copied into the register of merit at the Institute, and an abstract 
shall be sent to the parent or guardian of each Cadet. 



FURLOUGHS. 



How grant- 
ed. 



72. There shall be a suspension of the collegiate studies for 
the months of July and August in every year. During those 
months the Superintendent may, at his discretion, on the ap- 
plication of parents or guardians, grant furloughs to such of 
the Cadets of the second class as may have deserved such indul- 
gence, for a length of time not extending beyond those months ; 
provided, that such a number of Cadets shall at all times be 
retained at the Institute, as will be fully sufficient to discharge 
the duties of public guard for the Arsenal efficiently ; and no 
leave of absence shall be given at any other time, except in a 
case of strong necessity. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 25 

73. No Professor or Officer shall absent himself from theToprofes- 
Institute for a longer time than one day, without the permission 

of the Board of Visitors ; nor shall any Professor or Officer be 
absent from his duty at any time, without the assent of the 
Superintendent. 

LIBRARY. 

74. A member of the Institute shall act as Librarian, who shall 
be responsible for the property in his charge ; he shall attend at 
the Library at such hours, and under such by-laws, as shall be 
prescribed by the Superintendent. 

75. No book shall be taken from the Library without the 
knowledge and presence of the Librarian. 

76. No person, except members of the Institute, shall be 
allowed to draw books from the Library. 

77. For every book drawn from the Library, a receipt shall 
be given. 

78. No Officer shall be allowed to have in his possession at 
one time more than four volumes, and no Cadet more than one, 
with accompanying plates, except by the special permission of 
the Superintendent. 

79. No person shall lend any book drawn from the Library. 

80. No person shall keep any book more than two weeks ; 
and all violations of this regulation shall be reported by the 
Librarian to the Superintendent. 

81. All persons drawing books from the Library shall be re- 
sponsible for any damage done to them, the amount of which 
shall be estimated by the Librarian, and reported weekly to the 
Superintendent. 

82. No person shall be allowed to draw books from the Library 
while a fine remains unpaid, or while books previously drawn 
are retained beyond the prescribed time, unless they shall be so 
retained by the permission of the Superintendent. 

83. All books drawn from the Library shall be returned on 
the 30th day of June, and none shall be afterwards taken out by 
any Cadet until the 15th July following, without the written per- 
mission of the Superintendent. 

DISCIPLINE. 

84. The Cadets of the Institute shall constitute a military Military dis- 
corps, and be subject to military discipline, under the immediate c,plme ' 
command of the Commandant of Cadets. 



26 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE/ 

Punish- 85. The punishments to which a Cadet shall be liable are 



stents. 



comprised in the three following classes : 

1st. Privation of recreation, &c, extra tours of duty, repri- 
mands. 

2d. Arrest or confinement in his room or tent, and suspen- 
sion until a Board of at least three Visitors can act upon the 
case. 

3d. Dismission, with the privilege of resigning ; public dis- 
mission. 
By whom in- 86. The punishment of the first and second classes, men- 
tioned in the preceding paragraph, may be inflicted by the 
Superintendent, or with his approbation ; those of the third class 
after trial by a court martial. 
Courts mar- 87. In cases of irregularity or insubordination on the part of 
Cadets, requiring in the opinion of the Superintendent the inflic- 
tion of the 3d class of punishment, the Superintendent may con- 
vene by public orders a Garrison Court Martial to consist of not 
less than three nor more than five members, and in case it consist 
of three members, then two officers of the Institute and one Cadet 
officer of the 1st class shall be detailed on the Court, if of 5 
members, then 3 officers of the Institute and two Cadet officers of 
the 1st class shall be detailed on the Court, provided that no officer 
preferring the charges, or interested personally in them, shall be 
competent to sit upon the Court, whose duty it shall be to try the 
Cadet upon the charges preferred, and make a finding upon the 
testimony adduced. 

88. The senior officer of the Court shall act as President of 
the Court, and the duties of the Judge Advocate will devolve 
upon the junior member. 

89. The mode of proceeding in such Courts, shall conform as 
far as practicable to the rules for the government of Courts 
Martial in the U. S. military service. 

90. The proceedings of the Court properly authenticated shall 
be laid before the Superintendent, and if approved by him shall be 
promulged in orders. 

91. A right of appeal from the decision of the Court is reserved 
to the Cadet, in which case he shall immediately notify the 
Superintendent of the same, with a copy of his appeal, whose 
duty it shall be to forward a copy of the proceedings of the Court 
to the President of the Board, accompanied by the appeal of the 
Cadet, with his own remarks thereon. Should the case in the 
opinion of the President of the Board require re-investigation, 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 27 

the President may direct the original proceedings to be sus- Courts mar- 
pended, and refer the same to a meeting of the Board of Visitors, 
to be called by the President for that purpose ; otherwise, the 
sentence of the Court shall go into effect. 

92. As obedience and subordination are essential to the pur-Disobe- 

. dience, &c. 

poses of this institution, any Cadet who shall disobey a command 
of the Superintendent, or any professor, teacher, instructor, or 
other superior officer, or behave himself in a refractory or disre- 
spectful manner, to the constituted authorities of the Institute, shall 
be dismissed, or otherwise less severely punished, according to 
the nature and degree of his offence. 

93. No Cadet shall drink wine, porter, or any other spirituous Spirituous 
or intoxicating liquor; or shall bring, or cause to be brought, 
either into barracks or into camp, or shall have in his room, or 
otherwise in his possession, wine, porter, or any other spirituous 

or intoxicating liquor ; nor shall he go to any inn, public house, 
or place where any of those liquors are sold, without permission 
from the senior officer present, on pain of being dismissed, or 
otherwise less severely punished. And it is enjoined upon all 
persons connected with the Institute, to abstain from offering 
spirituous drinks to Cadets at any time. 

94. Any Cadet who shall be known to be in a state of intoxi- 
cation or drunkenness shall be dismissed. 

95. Cadets who have been dismissed from the Institute shall 
forthwith leave the premises. 

96. No Cadet shall play at cards, or any other game ofGaming. 
chance, or bring, or cause to be brought, upon the premises of 

the Institute, or have in his room, or otherwise in his possession, 
the cards or other materials used in these game.s, on pain of being 
dismissed, or otherwise less severely punished. 

97. Any Cadet who shall be absent from the Institute with- Absence. 
out leave or good cause for a longer period than one month, shall 

be discharged. 

98. No Cadet shall in any way use tobacco, nor bring it, or Useo ftobac- 
cause it to be brought into either barracks or camp, nor have co " 

it in his room, or otherwise in his possession. 

99. No Cadet shall cook or prepare food in either barracks Cooking, 
or in camp, nor have cooked provisions in his room, nor give 

an entertainment there or elsewhere without permission. 

100. No Cadet shall be allowed to keep a waiter, horse, or Keeping 

! horse, &c. 

101. Any Cadet who shall wantonly damage any quarters, or q u" t a e ^. 10 



28 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Damage to 
quarters. 



Certificate. 



Disposing of 
public pro- 
perty. 



Limits. 



Insulting a 
sentinel. 

Answering 
to another's 

.name. 



Absence and 
visits. 



Sabbath. 



Misbehavior 
at church. 



their appurtenances, shall, besides making good such dama- 
ges, be otherwise punished, according to the nature of his 
offence. 

102. Each Cadet, before he leaves the Institute, shall furnish 
to the Superintendent a certificate from the Quarter-master, 
and other proper officers, that he has returned all property 
charged to him in good order, or make good any deficiency. 

103. Any Cadet who shall lose, damage, destroy, sell, or 
otherwise dispose of the arms, accoutrements, books, instru- 
ments, or other public property in his possession, shall, besides 
paying for the same, be otherwise punished, according to the 
nature of his offence. 

104. No Cadet shall. go beyond the limits of the Institute, or 
such other limits as the Superintendent may prescribe, with-, 
out his permission ; nor shall any permission to be absent from 
the Institute at night be granted, unless upon a special invita- 
tion to visit in private families, or to attend divine worship, or 
upon such occasions as shall be deemed proper exceptions to 
this regulation by the Superintendent. 

105. Any Cadet who shall insult a sentinel by words or ges- 
ture, shall be dismissed, or otherwise less severely punished. 

106. Any Cadet who shall answer for another at any roll call, 
or who shall engage any other Cadet to answer for him, shall 
be dismissed the service, or otherwise less severely punished. 

107. No Cadet shall visit during the hours of study, or be- 
tween tatoo and reveille, nor be absent from his room at those 
times for any purpose, without permission from the proper au- 
thority. 

108. Any Cadet who shall absent himself from his room at 
night, between tatoo and reveille, for a lono-er time than half 
an hour on any one occasion, or from the post at any time 
without leave, and shall fail to satisfy the Superintendent or 
Board of Visitors, that he did not so absent himself for any 
immoral purpose, and that he did not, whilst so absent, go to 
any house of entertainment, or any other place without the 
limits prescribed to the Cadets, shall be dismissed, or otherwise 
less severely punished. 

109. Duties appropriate for the Sabbath, including attend- 
ance upon Divine Service, which shall be imperative, shall be 
prescribed by the Superintendent, and each Cadet shall be re- 
quired to conform thereto. 

110. Any Cadet who shall behave indecently or irreverently 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 29 

while attending Divine Service, or shall use any profane oath Misbehavior 
or execration, or profane the Sabbath, shall be dismissed, or 
otherwise less severely punished. 

111. The Cadets are not only required to abstain from all vi- Gentlemanly 
cious, immoral, or irregular conduct, but they are enjoined on conuc " 
every occasion to conduct themselves with the propriety and 
decorum of gentlemen. 

112. Any Cadet who shall be guilty of conduct unbecoming 
an officer and a gentleman, shall be dismissed, or otherwise less 
severely punished. 

113. No Cadet shall send or accept a challenge to fight, nor Duelling. 
be the bearer of such challenge, written or verbal ; nor in any 

way, directly or indirectly, countenance* or promote a duel, nor 
upbraid another for declining to fight, on pain of being dis- 
missed. 

114. Every Cadet who knows that a challenge to fight has 
been, or is about to be sent or accepted by any other Cadet, 
shall, without delay, give information thereof to the Superin- 
tendent. 

115. No Cadet shall use any reproachful or provoking insults, 
speeches or gestures to another, on pain of being confined, 

and of asking pardon of the party offended in the presence of the 
commanding officer. • 

116. Any Cadet who shall, by any means whatever, tra- Defaming. 
duce or defame another, shall be dismissed, or otherwise less 
severely punished, according to the nature of his offence. 

117. Any Cadet who shall strike, or in any manner offer striking, 
violence to another, shall be punished in like manner. 

118. Any Cadet who shall beat, or otherwise maltreat any 
citizen, shall, besides being amenable to the law, be otherwise 
punished according to the nature of his offence. 

119. Any Cadet who shall wantonly abuse the person of any 
Cadet by playing unjustifiable tricks upon him, shall be dis- 
missed, or otherwise less severely punished according to the 
degree of the offence. 

120. No Cadet shall sign any certificate or statement rela- Certificate? 

ii-, i ^ t t • orstate- 

tive to personal altercation between members ot the Institute, ments. 
or to any transaction of a private or personal nature, without 
permission from the Superintendent. 

121. All Cadets who shall combine or agree together to Combina- 
hold no friendly or soeial intercourse with another; and any 
Cadet who shall endeavor to persuade others to enter into 



30 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Combina- 
tions. 



such combination or agreement, shall be dismissed, or other- 
wise severely punished. 

122. All combinations, under any pretext whatever, are 
strictly prohibited. Any Cadet who, in concert with others, 
shall adopt any measure, under pretence of procuring re- 
dress of grievances, or sign any paper, or enter into any writ- 
ten or verbal agreement with a view to violate or evade any 
regulation of the Institute, or to do any act contrary to the 
rules of good order and subordination, or who shall endeavor 
to persuade others to do the same, shall be dismissed. 

123. Any Cadet who shall manifest an insubordinate or re- 
fractory spirit — evincing a disposition to resist the authorities of 
the Institute, thereby disturbing its peace and order, shall be 
forthwith sent to his home by the Superintendent — but such 
Cadet shall, after such dismissal, have the right of appeal to the 
Board of Visitors from the decision of the Superintendent. 

124. If any Cadet shall consider himself wronged by ano- 
ther or by an officer, he is to complain thereof to the Super- 
intendent, who is hereby required to examine into the said 
complaint, and to take the proper measures for redressing the 
wrong complained of. Should the party complaining be re- 
fused redress, he may appeal to the Board of Visitors for their 
examination and order on the case. 

125. All communications to the Board of Visitors, from any 
person or persons belonging to the Institute, shall be made 
through the Superintendent; whose duty it shall be to for- 
ward them to the Board, with such remarks as he may think 
proper. 

Publications. 126. All publications relative to the Institute or to trans- 
actions at the Institute, are strictly prohibited. Any Profes- 
sor, Assistant Professor, Teacher, Academic Officer, or Cadet, 
therefore, who shall be at all concerned in writing or publish- 
ing any article of such character in any newspaper or pamph- 
let, or in writing or publishing any hand-bill, shall be dis- 
missed, or otherwise severely punisheu. 

127. No Cadet shall apply for, or receive, money or any 
other supplies from his parents, or from any person whomso- 
ever, without permission from the Superintendent : any infrac- 
tion or violation of which will be considered a positive disobe- 
dience of orders, and punished accordingly. 

128. The strictest attention to study and all other duties will 
be required. Every Cadet, therefore, who shall absent himself 



Communica 
tions. 



MoDey, &.c. 



Negligence. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 31 

from duty of any kind, -and fail to render a satisfactory excuse Negligence. 
in writing for such absence, shall be reprimanded, put upon 
extra duty, or confined, according to the circumstances of the 
case. 

129. Any Cadet who shall get a lower mark than 2 for a re- 
citation in the 1st section, l£ in the 2d, and 1 in the 3d, shall 
be reported by his instructor for neglect of studies v 

130. The Professors, Assistant Professors, and Teachers, Professors, 
will be held accountable for the regular and orderly conduct ab C ie. acc ° Un 
of their respective classes or sections while under their imme- 
diate instruction. 

131. It shall be the duty of every Professor, Teacher. and 0fficerst0 

. „ ~ .... report violtt- 

Assistant Professor, who is knowing to any violation of the t'°ns- 
rules and regulations, or to any crime, irregularity, neglect, or 
other improper conduct of which a Cadet has been guilty, to 
report the same without delay to the Superintendent. 

132. All immoralities, disorders, misbehavior, or neglect, of Misbehavior, 
which Cadets may be guilty, to the prejudice of good order 

and military discipline, though not herein expressly mentioned, 
are to be punished according to the nature and degree of the 
offence. 

133. In all details of military duty the rules and regulations Rules and 
for the government of the army of the United States are to be onhe'iLs. 
observed so far as they are applicable to, and do not conflict army ' 
with, the regulations adopted for the government of the Insti- 
tute. 

INTERIOR POLICE AND DISCIPLINE. 

134. The Cadets shall be organized into one or more com- company, 
panies according to number, and the officers shall be appointed 

by the Superintendent. The selection shall be made from 
those Cadets who have been most active and soldier-like in the 
performance of their duties, and most exemplary in their gene- 
ral deportment. In general the officers will be taken from the 
first class, and the non-commissioned officers from the second 
class. 

135. From the 1st of March to the 1st of December, there Drills, 
shall be an infantry or artillery drill every day when the weather 

is favorable (Saturdays and Sundays excepted), at such regu- 
lar hour of the day as the Commandant of Cadets may appoint, 
and for the residue of the year at his discretion. 



32 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Excuses 
f rom duty 



Dress. 



Evening pa- \2Q, There shall be a dress parade every evening when the 

weather permits. 
Saturday in- 137. There shall be an inspection of the arms and quarters of 
spection. t j ie Q a( j ets un( ] er arms every Saturday morning when the weather 

permits. Whenever an inspector finds an orderly habitually 

neglectful of police, he shall direct him to be continued for 

another week. 

138. No Cadet shall be excused from any duty whatever, 
without permission from the Superintendent, or upon the recom- 
mendation of the Surgeon. 

139. When a Cadet considers himself too unwell to attend to 
his recitations, he shall apply to the Superintendent to be placed 
upon the sick list. 

140. No other hat or cap, overcoat, coat, vest, pantaloons, 
boots, or shoes, than those prescribed, shall be worn at any time 
by any Cadet, nor shall any such article of dress be retained by 
any Cadet in his possession. 

141. Whenever a Cadet is reported for any article of dress 
prohibited by the regulations, he shall forthwith hand the same to 
the Quartermaster for safe keeping, until he leaves the Institute. 

142. When a vest is worn, it shall be the prescribed vest. 

143. The jacket shall only be worn in quarters or in camp, 
or within the limits of the chain of sentinels. 

144. Every Cadet shall be genteelly attired whenever his room 
is visited by an officer. 

145. Cadets shall have their hair trimmed alike and according 
to the mode prescribed by the Superintendent. 

146. No Cadet shall lend or exchange his arms or accoutre- 
ments. 

147. Muskets shall not be taken from quarters, except on duty, 
without permission from the Superintendent. 

148. Cadets are prohibited from keeping in their quarters any 
description of firearms or other weapon not issued to them by 
proper authority. 

149. No Cadet shall remove from the room assigned to him, 
without permission from the Commander of Cadets. 

150. Every Cadet, on rising in the morning, shall roll up his 
mattress, with the bed-clothes neatly folded in it, put it into the 
bed-sack, and strap it. He shall hang up his extra clothing, put 
such articles in the clothes bag as it is intended to contain, clean 
his candlesticks, and arrange all his effects in the prescribed 
order. 






Police of 
qnarters. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



33 



151. Every Cadet shall attend to the good order and arrange- Police of 

n, ii- iin- quarters. 

ment of his own arms, accoutrements, clothing, and other effects ; 
the orderly shall attend to the general police of the room, and 
shall require each occupant to discharge his proper duty. 

152. Cadets shall prepare their clothes for the laundress, at 
such times as may be prescribed by the proper authority. 

153. No Cadet shall throw water from any room in the bar- 
racks upon the gallery. 

154. No Cadet shall throw anything from the windows, doors, 
or galleries of the barracks. 

155. No Cadet shall have in his room any article of furniture 
not prescribed. 

156. No Cadet shall keep in his room any novel, pamphlet, 
poem, or other book not relating to his studies, without permission 
from the Superintendent. 

157. No Cadet shall keep a light after taps at night, unless he 
be the officer of the day, superintendent of sub-division, adjutant, 
quarter-master, or assistant professor ; but all lights, except that of 
the officer of the day, shall be extinguished at 11 o'clock. 

158. No Cadet shall play on any musical instrument on 
Sunday, nor in study hours on any other day. 

159. No Cadet shall play any game with cards, nor at any 
other game but chess, and that only with the permission of the 
Superintendent, and shall in no case whatever bet or wager any 
sum of money or other thing : nor shall he keep in his room the 
boards and men used in playing chess. 

160. Cadets shall walk the halls and galleries of the barracks 
and pass up and down stairs in study hours with as little noise as 
possible ; running, loud talking, scuffling, or unnecessary noise 
in barracks, is strictly prohibited at all times. 

161. Every Cadet leaving his room on a necessary occasion, 
or for water, when the sentinels are on post, shall report his 
departure and return to every sentinel he passes, and shall be 
absent as short a time as possible. If his absence occurs after 
taps, he shall report to the officer of the guard, whose duty it 
shall be to pass him out and in, and to report the names of all 
individuals thus passed. 

162. No Cadet shall enter or stop at the guard room during 
study hours. 

163. Whenever a Cadet receives permission to be absent from 
his quarters during study hours, or from any duty, he shall show 

3 



rooms. 



34 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Police of his permit to the officer in charge, and the superintendent of his 
qua rs. division, and shall leave it with the officer of the day. 

164. No Cadet shall post any placard or notice upon any of 
the public buildings, or affix to the walls of his room any map, 
picture, or piece of writing, without the permission of the Super- 
intendent. 

165. No Cadet shall mark, cut, or in any manner deface or 
injure the public buildings. 

166. No Cadet shall throw stones or missiles of any descrip- 
tion, in the vicinity of the barracks or other buildings. 

167. No Cadet shall introduce a citizen into the barracks 
during study hours, upon any pretence whatever. 

Orderlies of 168. There shall be an Orderly detailed for each room oc- 
cupied by the Cadets, who shall perform the duties for one week. 

169. The Orderly shall see that the names of his room-mates 
are on the Orderly board, his own name being the first or upper 
name on the board. 

170. He shall be held responsible for the cleanliness of the 
room, the proper arrangement of its contents, and for the strict 
observance of regulations and orders therein ; every violation of 
which he shall promptly report. 

171. He shall be held responsible for the preservation of all 
public property attached to the room, for the common use of its 
occupants. 

172. Every morning, immediately after reveille, he shall 
thoroughly sweep every part of the floor of his room, brush the 
dust from the furniture, &c, and sweep the dirt collected, out of 
the room, but shall not sweep dirt into the halls of the barracks, 
during the remainder of the day. 

173. During the season in which fire is allowed, whenever the 
occupants are to leave the room, and also every night between 
tattoo and taps, he shall arrange the fire so as to render it safe, 
carefully extinguishing all blaze, and shall see that his water 
bucket is filled with water before retiring. 

174. Every night after tattoo, and before taps, he shall cause 
all the lights in the rooms to be carefully extinguished. 

175. He shall answer promptly and fully to every question 
put to him by any Officer, or by a Cadet on duty. 

176. In every case where an Orderly is absent from his room, 
or is prevented by sickness from attending to his duty, the occu- 
pant longest off duty who is present, and fit for duty, shall perform 
the duties of Orderly, and shall be held accountable for the 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 35 

discharge of the duties thus devolving on him, in the same manner Orderlies ot 
as if regularly detailed. 

177. The Commandant of Cadets, or an Assistant Instructer of^™™* f n ^ a . 
Tactics, shall visit and thoroughly inspect the rooms of the ^\ s ^"U,^ 8 " 
Cadets, at least once every day, and frequently at different times structers of 
of the night, who shall every morning make to the Superintend- 
ent a report in writing of all delinquencies that may have come 

to his knowledge since his last report ; and of the condition of all 
the rooms under his charge in regard to police, specifying those 
in the best and those in the worst order, and the names of the 
Orderlies. 

178. The Commandant of Cadets shall prescribe the order 
in which the furniture, books, clothing, equipments, &c, in 
each room, shall be arranged uniformly throughout at the Insti- 
tute. 

179. Each division of quarters, under the superintendence of 
an Assistant Instructor of Tactics, shall be subdivided, and each 
subdivision shall be placed under the superintendence of one of 
the officers of the corps, who shall be charged with the imme- 
diate care of its police, and the preservation of general good order 
therein. 

180. The Superintendent of a subdivision of quarters, in case 
of any noise and scuffling, or other improper conduct, in any 
room, hall, or gallery under his charge, shall repair instantly to 
the spot and suppress the irregularity, order the parties to their 
rooms, and forthwith report the circumstances to the Superintend- 
ent of his division, or to the officer in charge. 

181. He shall keep a roster of the occupants of each room of 
his subdivision, and shall every Sunday morning personally direct 
those whose turn it is, to enter upon their duties as Orderlies for 
the ensuing week, except in cases otherwise directed by the 
Superintendent of division. 

182. He shall communicate to the occupants of the rooms un- 
der his charge, such orders as may be given him by the Super- 
intendent of division relative to the police, and shall cause them 
to be strictly observed. 

183. He shall visit every room in his subdivision immediately 
after taps at night, and shall ascertain, by minute inspeciion, 
whether the duties of the Orderly have been properly performed, 
and whether the occupants of the room are all present, and in bed. 
He shall cause the Orderlies and others, in every case of neglect 



3$ . VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Comman- observed at this visit, to comply strictly with the regulations, and 

dantsofCa- , „ , x , - - ,. . . , _ ° ". ' 

dets and As- shall report the results ol his inspection to the officers in charge. 

structors'of 184« He shall also visit, and thoroughly inspect, all the rooms 

Tactics. under his charge, thirty minutes after reveille, immediately after 
which he shall make a report in writing to the Superintendent of 
his division, subjoining thereto, the word, " Certified," with his 
signature. 

officer in 185. Each of the Assistant Instructers of Tactics shall be de- 

tailed in turn as officer in charge for the day; his tour to com- 
mence at guard mounting. 

186. He shall superintend the performance of all the duties of 
the day which do not require the presence of the Commandant; 
and see that they are performed according to regulations and 
orders. 

187. He shall promptly correct all irregularities which may 
occur in the barracks, or in their vicinity, and shall be in the 
barrack yard at taps, to receive the reports of Inspectors. 

188. He shall be present at all class parades and roll calls 
during his tour ; and shall not absent himself from the barracks 
and their vicinity, except at meal times, without the approbation 
of the Commandant of Cadets. 

Officcrofthe ' 189. The officer of the day shall be detailed generally from 
the roster of Cadets acting as officers, but every Cadet of the first 
class shall be detailed to perform this duty at least once. 

190. He shall, after receiving his guard, report for orders to 
the Commandant of Cadets, and shall receive and obey such or- 
ders as may be given him during his tour by the officer in charge. 

191. He shall give the guard the orders of the day, regulate 
the reliefs, and have such of the guard dismissed as are not 
required for duty. 

192. He shall cause the Sentinels to be posted at the proper 
times, shall visit them ten minutes after they are posted, and see 
that they are properly instructed in their duties. 

193. He shall cause all the academic signals to be sounded at 
the proper times. 

194. He shall superintend the formation of the classes and sec- 
tions, require the marchers to report the absentees, and to pre- 
serve good order on parade, and while marching to and from the 
Institute, and shall not leave the parade ground until all the sec- 
tions have reached their recitation rooms. 

195. He shall then immediately seek all who have been re- 
ported to him as absent (except those properly excused), and 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 37 

order them to repair forthwith to their respective recitation rooms, Officer of the 
or wherever their duty may require their presence ; when any are 
found absent, he shall continue his visitations every fifteen minutes 
until their return. He shall report immediately to the officer in 
charge, all whom he does not find, and all such as fail to obey 
his orders. 

196. During the season in which fires are permitted in bar- 
racks, he shall frequently visit the rooms during recitation hours. 

197. He shall take prompt and effectual measures for suppress- 
ing all irregularities and disturbances that may occur in' or near 
the barracks. 

198. He shall station himself in or near the guard-room, 
between reveille and tattoo, constantly, except when absent on 
duty or at meals. 

199. He shall be held responsible for all public property de- 
posited in the guard-room. 

200. He shall report to the officer in charge for orders imme- 
diately after taps. He shall then immediately (unless otherwise 
directed) visit the rooms of all Cadets who are reported absent, 
and he shall repeat his visits at intervals of fifteen minutes to the 
room of each absentee till his return. 

201. On the back of his guard report he shall note all viola- 
tions of the regulations which may have come to his knowledge 
during his tour, stating the name of each delinquent, with a clear 
and precise description of his offence, and the circumstances of 
time and place, when they are not necessarily understood ; he 
shall also state particularly the orders given him by any author- 
ized officer, and the time at which each absentee at taps returned 
to his room ; and he will subjoin to his report the word " Certi- 
fied," with his signature. 

202. At evening parade, each Orderly Sergeant shall warn Guard, 
the Cadets of his company who are detailed to mount guard the 
ensuing day, always taking those for this duty first who have 
been longest off. The guard thus detailed shall be on duty all 
night, at least one sentinel being on post at a time. 

203. The ceremonies of mounting guard shall be performed as 
prescribed in the general regulations of the Army of the United 
States. 

204. Every Cadet of the guard shall appear at guard mount- 
ing in perfect order. 

205. Cadets detailed for guard shall not, during their tour, 



38 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Guard. leave the barracks for a longer period than ten minutes, except 
on duty or for meals. 

206. Every Sentinel shall obey the orders of the Superinten- 
dent, Commandant of Cadets, Superintendent of Division, officer 
in charge, officer of the day, and of the officers and non-commis- 
sioned officers of the guard. 

207. As soon as a Sentinel is posted in the barracks, he shall 
visit every room under his charge, see that all the occupants are 
present and that the fires are secured in such as may be vacant, 
and order (if it be in study hours) every Cadet whom he may 
find visiting to go to his room. 

208. Every Sentinel on post, when the call " To quarters" 
is sounded, shall immediately visit the rooms under h i- s charge, 
and report those Cadets who shall not have obeyed the call. 

209. No Sentinel shall permit a violation of the regulations 
to take place within the limits of his post, without taking proper 
measures to prevent it ; nor shall he fail in any case to call for 
the Corporal of the guard and report to him immediately every 
such violation which comes within his observation or knowledge 
while on post, and the name of every Cadet who, during his tour, 
shall have been absent from his room in study hours longer than 
ten minutes. 

• 210. The Sergeant of the guard shall parade and inspect every 
relief at the proper time. 

211. In all cases not provided for in the foregoing paragraphs, 
the service of the guard shall be performed as prescribed in the 
general regulations of the Army of the United States. 
Arrests. 212. The Superintendent and the Commandant of Cadets alone 

have the power to arrest a Cadet, except in cases of mutiny, 
direct disobedience of orders, or gross disrespect to a superior 
officer, in which cases offenders may be arrested ; but all such 
arrests shall be promptly reported, through the Commandant of 
Cadets, to the Superintendent, for his approbation. 

213. Every Cadet arrested shall confine himself forthwith to 
his quarters until released (unless otherwise specially ordered), 
except when required to be absent therefrom for the performance 
of some of his academic or military duties (to all of which, ex- 
cept those on guard, he shall strictly attend), and except on a 
necessary occasion, and for the purpose of going to the mess hall 
for his meals. 

214. Every Cadet charged with a breach of arrest shall be 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. Sh 

tried, and if found guilty, shall be dismissed, or otherwise Arrests, 
punished. 

215. The sick Cadets who remain in quarters shall not leave Sick, 
their rooms, except for the purpose of performing some duty, or 

of taking exercise at such times as the Surgeon may have pre- 
scribed, with the approbation of the Superintendent ; but no such 
Cadet shall, for any purpose whatever, be absent from his room 
during any drill, parade, or roll call, from which he shall have 
been excused on account of indisposition. 

216. Every Cadet excused on account of sickness from all 
duties, shall be sent to the hospital. 

217. The sick in hospital shall obey all orders of the Surgeon,, 
and all such police regulations as he may prescribe, with the ap- 
probation of the Superintendent. 

218. No patient shall leave the hospital without permission from 
the Surgeon. 

219. No patient shall go beyond the hospital yard without a 
written permission signed by the Surgeon, and approved by the 
Superintendent. 

220. No Cadet shall go to the hospital unless previously exa- 
mined and sent there by the Surgeon. 

221. No Cadet shall visit any patient in the hospital, without 
a written permission signed by the Surgeon and approved by the 
Superintendent. 

222. The Commandant of Cadets is Inspector of the Com. Commons, 
mons, and will report to the Superintendent all irregularities in 

the Hall, and every infraction of the mess regulations. 

223. The Inspector of the Commons shall appoint from the 
officers of the corps a Superintendent of the mess hall, and as 
many assistant superintendents as he may deem necessary. 

224. The Cadets shall be divided into as many squads as there 
are tables in the mess hall, and the Inspector shall appoint a first 
and second carver to each squad. Every carver shall cause the 
regulations to be observed by those at the table where he pre- 
sides, and shall report all violations of the same to the Superin- 
tendent of the mess hall, who shall transmit such reports to the 
Inspector. 

225. At the signal for breakfast, dinner, and supper, the squads 
shall be formed in front of the barracks by the first carvers, 
acting as squad marchers, under the direction of the superin- 
tendent of the mess hall, who shall march the whole to the hall. 



40 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Commons. 



Societies 
and meet- 
ings. 



Compli- 
ments to su- 
periors. 



Leave of ab 
sence. 



226. The second carver shall act as squad marcher in the ab- 
sence of the first ; in other cases he shall march in the ranks at 
the head of his squad. 

227. Every Cadet shall march to meals, except the officer of 
the day, and the senior corporal of the guard not immediately 
on duty ; the latter shall precede the corps to the mess hall, shall 
report any Cadet who may enter the hall before the corps, and 
shall remain until the relief arrives. 

228. Each Cadet shall have the particular place at the table 
to which his place in the ranks corresponds ; such place shall 
not be changed without the permission of the Superintendent of 
the mess hall. 

229. All unnecessary talking at table is prohibited ; the car- 
vers alone shall call on the waiters. 

230. Wasting, or taking from the mess hall provisions of any 
kind, is strictly forbidden. 

231. The Superintendent of the mess hall shall see that every 
Cadet leaves the hall at the command, " Rise." 

232. The officer or non-commissioned officer commanding the 
guard of Cadets shall march such of his guard as have been de- 
tained on duty, to the mess hall immediately after the corps has 
returned. He shall preside at the table of the guard, and see 
that the mess regulations are observed, all violations of which 
he shall report to the Inspector of Commons. 

233. No Cadet shall go to the commons or approach the build- 
ing occupied by the steward, except on duty, at any other time 
or in any other manner than is above prescribed. 

234. If any Cadet shall consider any article of the /are pro- 
vided at his table to be tainted or otherwise unsuitable for use, 
he may report the fact to the Superintendent of the hall, who 
shall communicate the report (with a sample of the provisions 
complained of) to the Board of Survey. 

235. No society shall be organized among the Cadets without 
a special license from the Superintendent ; nor shall any assem- 
bly of Cadets be held for this or any other purpose, without his 
express permission promulgated in orders. 

236. Cadets at all times shall salute all officers of the Insti- 
tute, whether in uniform or not, the Governor of the State, and 
the Visitors. 

237. During term time every application by a Cadet for leave 
of absence for a period not exceeding twenty-four hours, and 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 4L 

during encampment for any longer period, must be made first to Leave of ai>- 
the Commandant of Cadets, and if approved by him, may then 
be submitted to the Superintendent. 

238. Every Cadet who obtains leave of absence, unless it is 
announced in orders, shall exhibit the same to the Adjutant of 
Cadets, and to the First Sergeant of his company. 

239. The application of a Cadet for a furlough, to take effect Furloughs, 
during the time of encampment, must be made to the Superin- 
tendent in writing ; and will state, first, the purpose for which 

the furlough is requested ; second, the place to which the appli- 
cant wishes to go, and where he would receive such orders as it 
might be necessary to send him ; and third, the time he wishes 
to be absent. It must be accompanied by the written consent of 
the parent or guardian of the applicant, and must be left with 
the Superintendent. 

240. Every Cadet furloughed for the time of encampment 
shall, before his departure, leave with the person appointed by 
the Commandant of Cadets, the names of those he wishes to 
room with during the ensuing term. 

241. Every Cadet who shall overstay his furlough or leave of 
absence, will subject himself to be tried, unless he shall produce 
certificates satisfactory to the Superintendent on his return of his 
having been prevented from returning by sickness, or some other 
unavoidable cause. 

242. Every Cadet, on returning from furlough or leave of ab- 
sence, shall immediately report himself to the Superintendent, 
the Commandant of Cadets, and the First Sergeant of his com- 
pany. 

243. Any Cadet reported for a delinquency, and having a sa- Excuses for 

. p ,i, , . ....,„ delinquent 

tisfactory excuse, shall express his excuse, in writing, in the form reports, 
prescribed, and hand it to the Commandant of Cadets (to be 
submitted to the Superintendent), within his first orderly hour 
after the publication of the report on parade. No excuse shall 
be made by any Cadet in any other manner, nor at any other 
time than is here prescribed, unless he is unavoidably prevented 
from complying with the above directions, in which case the 
cause of delay shall be annexed to the excuse, for the conside- 
ration of the Commandant of Cadets ; but no such excuse shall 
be handed in at a later period than one week after the unavoid- 
able cause of delay shall have been removed. 

244. Any Cadet who shall present a false excuse shall be dis- 
missed ; and any Cadet who shall present a disrespectful excuse, 



42 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Excuses fir 
delinquent 
reports. 



shall be punished according to the degree of the offence, and the 
report for which such excuse shall have been presented shall not 
be removed. 

245. No Cadet shall address an Officer or Cadet who has re- 
ported him for a delinquency, on the subject of such report, un- 
less specially permitted by the Superintendent or Commandant 
of Cadets ; and every Officer or Cadet having made such report 
against a Cadet, shall hold no conversation with him relating to 
it, unless referred to with the proper permission. 

246. The class sections shall assemble, at their respective 
hours of recitation, in front of the barracks, except in bad 
weather, when they shall assemble in the lower gallery. 

247. Silence and soldierlike deportment are enjoined on all 
Cadets while on class parade, and while marching to and from 
their recitation rooms. No Cadet shall have his book open in 
ranks. 

248. Every Cadet, unless he be an Assistant Professor, or 
excused, shall assemble and march with his section. 

249. No Cadet shall go to his quarters during the attendance 
of his section in the recitation room, unless in case of sickness, 
when he must immediately report to the proper officer. 

250. No Cadet shall leave his class room without the permis- 
sion of his instructor, nor shall request such permission until one 
hour from his entrance has elapsed, nor then except on a neces- 
sary occasion. 

251. Every Cadet permitted to leave the class room shall re- 
turn as quickly as possible. Any one who remains out more 
than ten minutes, shall be reported by the Instructer in his 
weekly class report. 

252. The Cadet whose name stands first on the roll shall be 
the marcher of his section. 

253. The marcher, as soon as the signal is given, shall form 
his section at the place of assembling, in two ranks. 

254. He shall then call the roll, and note each absentee, 
whose name he shall give to the officer of the day. 

255. He shall march his section to the lecture room under the 
direction of the officer of the day, in an orderly and soldierlike 
manner. 

256. He shall cause the Cadets of his section to take seats in 
the lecture room in the order of their names on the roll. 

257. While a section is under the charge of the marcher, he 
shall be responsible, in the absence of the Professor, or Instruc- 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. V 43 

ter of the section, for any injury done to the public buildings or Marcher, 
other public property, and for the good order of his section. 

258. When dismissed by the Instructer, he shall form his 
section as before, and march it in like manner to the place where 
it assembled, and there dismiss it. 

259. He shall report in writing, to the officer in charge, every 
violation of the regulations which has* been committed by any 
member of the section of which he is marcher, while in the re- 
citation room, or while marching to or from it. 

260. Whenever a marcher is not present with his section, the 
next highest on the roll shall perform the duties of marcher, and 
shall be obeyed as such. 

261. Every Instructer shall note, in his weekly class report, instructed, 
the name of each Cadet of the section under his immediate 
charge who has been delinquent, with the time and description of 

his offence. 

262. He will also state in his report the progress made during 
the week by his section, and the particular subject on which it 
has been engaged. 

263. He will hand his weekly report to the Superintendent on 
Saturday, between 8 and 9 A. M. 

264. The Assistant Professors shall present their class reports 
to their respective Principal Professors, by whom they shall be 
transmitted to the Superintendent. 

265. The Superintendent will transact business with the office hours. 
Cadets at such times as he may appoint. 

266. Except on Sundays, Cadets are permitted to visit the of- 
fice of the Treasurer and Adjutant, from 1 to 2 P. M., for the 
purpose of consulting the rolls and records, making reports, &c. 
No Cadet shall visit any of these offices at any other time than is 
here prescribed, unless specially permitted by the Superintendent. 

267. The Superintendent is authorized to prescribe tempora- Temporary 
rily such regulations of discipline or police as may be omitted, 

and experience may show to be necessary, which shall be re- 
ported by him to the Board of Visitors at its next meeting, and, 
when approved by them, shall be permanent. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

268. Each Professor and Instructer, at the head of a separate Professors, 
department, will have charge of, and be accountable for, the in- able for in- 
struments and apparatus supplied for the use of his department. fcc Um n ' 



44 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

certificates 269. No Professor, Assistant Professor, or Teacher, shall give 

and state- . ~ , , , , 

ments. a certificate, or make any statement or r3port, relating to the 
qualifications, standing, conduct, or character of any Cadet, or of 
any person having been a Cadet, or concerning the examination 
of any Candidate for admission, unless required so to do by the 
special direction of the Superintendent. 

Newspapers, 270. The Cadets are prohibited from taking any newspaper, 
or other periodical publication, without special permission from 
the Superintendent ; and no such permission shall be given for 
more than one newspaper or periodical to each Cadet, and then 
only on condition of its being paid for in advance. 

Resignation. 271. No Cadet will tender his resignation unless impelled 
thereto by urgent reasons, which must be fully set forth in his 
letter of resignation : such letter must be accompanied by the 
written consent of his parent or guardian. 

272. The Superintendent is authorized to accept the resigna- 
tion of Cadets in the following cases only : 

1st. Ill health, to be ascertained by the Surgeon's certificate. 

2. Deficiency of funds, which has arisen since the Cadet's ad- 
mission. 

3d. The removal of the parent of the Cadet from the State. 

In such cases, the resignation of a Cadet must be tendered to 
the Superintendent, who may take such action thereon as he may 
think proper, subject, at the instance of the Cadet, to the revision 
of the Board of Visitors ; in all other cases, resignations must be 
tendered to the Board of Visitors. 

273. No Cadet shall be permitted to resign because of inabi- 
lity to stand his examination. 

Arrest and 274. The Superintendent, and in his absence, the Officer in 
command, shall have power to arrest any Professor or subordinate 
Officer for mutiny, disobedience of orders, unofficeiiike conduct, 
or other offences prohibited by the rules and regulations pre- 
scribed for the government of this Institute ; and on such arrest, 
it shall be the duty of the Superintendent, or other Officer making 
the same, to appoint a day for the trial of said Professor, or other 
subordinate Officer, not less than ten nor more than thirty days 
from the date of such arrest, and immediately notify the several 
members of the Board of Visitors that said arrest has been made, 
and shall also furnish the person arrested with a copy of the 
charges preferred against him. 

275. Upon the application of any Professor or subordinate Of- 
ficer, it shall be competent for any two or more of the Board of 



trial of offi- 
cers. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 45 

Visitors to arrest the Superintendent for unofficerlike conduct, or Regulations. 
other offences prohibited by the rules and regulations for the go- 
vernment of this Institute, and upon such arrest it shall be the duty 
of the members making the same, to furnish the Superintendent 
with a copy of the charge or charges upon which the arrest was 
made, and furthermore, to fix a day for his trial, not less than ten 
nor more than thirty days from the date of the arrest, and also to 
notify the several members of the Board thereof. 

276. No Cadet shall be admitted into the Institute until he has 
been inspected by the Surgeon, whose duty it shall be to make a 
report to the Superintendent of the Institute, stating the bodily 
condition of each, and if any of said Cadets be possessed of any 
disease seriously impairing their physical capacity to discharge 
military duty, or calculated to infect others, the Superintendent 
shall either reject such, or provide that the disease shall not be 
communicated to others. 

277. It shall be the duty of the Superintendent to cause the 
Regulations of the Institute to be read upon parade from time to 
time, provided that all the Regulations be published to the Cadets 
at least once each year. 




Estimate of Expenses of a State Cadet for three years at the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute. 

5 uniform dress coats, at $12 each, . . . $60 00 

1 uniform overcoat, . . . . . . 12 50 

5 pairs uniform pants for winter, at $6 75, . . . 33 75 

1 dress cap and accoutrements, ... . . 6 75 

2 forage caps, at $3, . . . . , 6 00 
12 pairs of shoes, at $2 75, . . . . .33 00 

6 pairs white drilling pants, at $3, . . . . 18 00 
Incidental expenses for under clothing, postage, pocket 

money, &c. ........ 100 00 

Expenses of a State Cadet for three years, $270 00 
" " . for one year, 



Estimate of Expenses of a Pay Cadet for one year at the Virginia 
Military Institute. 

Expenses for clothing, poc' -t money,. &c, as above, $90 00 

Board for twelve months, at $7 50, . . . . 90 00 

Washing " " at $1, . . . . 12 00 

Tuition " " 30 00 

Surgeon, 3 00 

Fuel and lights, 15 00 

Books, 5 00 

Mattress, 10 00 



Annual expenses of a Pay Cadet, 



$255 00