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Full text of "Regulations of the Virginia Military Institute"

REGULATIONS ^ 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE 



LEXI]S■GT0J^3■, VIRGINIA. 



EICHMOND: 

CLEMMITT & JONES, PEINTERS. 
1870. 



REGULATIONS 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE, 



AT 



LEXm&TON, VIRGINIA. 



RICHMOND: 

CLEMMITT & JONES, PRINTERS. 

1870. 



^xAtx^. 



Virginia Military Institute, 
November 11, 1870. 

The following revised Regulations having been prepared by 
the Board of Visitors under the authority vested in them by lavf, it 
is directed that they shall be in force from this date. 
By command of the Board of Visitors. 

FRANCIS H. SMITH, 

Superintendent V. M. I. 



CONTENTS. 



BOARD OF VISITORS, - - - - - 5 

ACADEMIC STAFF, - - - - - « 

ASSISTANT PROFESSORS, - - - - - 7 

MILITARY STAFF, - - - - - 8 

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE OF STUDIES, - - - - 9 

SPECIAL SCHOOL OF APPLIED SCIENCE, - - - 13 

MILITARY SCHOOL AND LEXINGTON ARSENAL, - - 13 

Eegulatious: 
Article I. ORGANIZATION, - - - - - 21 
II. ADMISSION OF CADETS, - - - - 25 
III. UNIFORM, FURNITURE, &C. ... 29 
IV. ACCOUNTS, - - - - - 30 
V. COURSE OF INSTRUCTION, - - - 31 
VI. CLASSIFICATION OF CADETS AND MANNER OF INSTRUC- 
TION, - - . - .38 
VII. GENERAL EXAMINATIONS, - - - 39 
VIII. CONDUCT ROLLS, - - - - 42 
IX. LEAVES OF ABSENCE, - - . - - 43 
X. LIBRARY, - - - - - 44 
XI. DISCIPLINE, - - . - - 45 
XII. MISCELLANEOUS, - - - - 51 
XIII. INTERIOR POLICE AND DISCIPLINE OF THE INSTITUTE, 53 



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INSPECTOR, EX-OFFICIO: 

His Excellency G. C. WALKER, 

GOYEENOE OF VIRGINIA. 



BOARD OF VISITORS: 

(appointed by the GOVEKNOR of VIRGINIA.) 

Hon. JOHN LETCHER, President of the Board...LEXiNGTON. 

HoK. WM. H. MACFARLAND Richmond. 

Hon. W. R. STAPLES Cheistiansbueg. 

Col. GEO. W. ROLLING Petersburg. 

WM. SKEEN, Esq Alleghany. 

ZEPH. TURNER, Esq Rappahannock. 

WM. L. OWEN, Esq Halifax. ^ 

RICHARD H. GATLETT, Esq Staunton. 

Maj. Gen. WM. H. RICHARDSON, Adj't Gen. (Ex-officio.) 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Gen. FRANCIS H. SMITH, A. M., Superintendent, and Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics and Moral Philosophj^ 

Col. JOHN T. L. PRESTON, A. M., Professor of Latin and 
English Literature. 

Col. THOMAS H. WILLIAMSON, Professor of Practical En- 
gineering, Architecture and Drawing. 

Col. WILLIAM GILHAM, A. M., Philip St. George Cocke 
Professor of Agriculture. 

Gol. ROBERT L. MADISON, M. D., Mercer Professor of 
Animal and Vegetable Physiology applied to Agriculture. 

Col. SCOTT SHIP, Commandant of Cadets, Instructor of In- 
fantry, Cavalry, and Artillery Tactics, and Professor of 
Military History and Strategy. 

Col. JAMES W. MASSIE, Professor of Mathematics. 

Col. WILLIAM B. BLAIR, Jackson Professor of Natural 
and Experimental Philosophy. 

Gen. G. W. C. LEE, Professor of Civil and Military Engi- 
neering and Applied Mechanics. 

Col. JOHN M. BROOKE, Professor of Practical Astronomy, 
Geology, Descriptive and Physical Geography and Meteo- 
rology. 

Col. MARSHALL McDONALD, Professor of Geology, Mine- 
ralogy and Metallurgy. 

Col. M. B. HARDIN, Professor of General and Applied 
Chemistry. 

Col. THOMAS M. SEMMES, Professor of Modern Languages. 

Commodore M. F. MAURY, LL. D., Professor of Physics 
and Superintendent of Physical Survey of Virginia. 

Col. WILLIAM D. WASHINGTON, Professor of Fine Arts. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



Col. W. E. CUTSHAW, 

Assistant in Physics. 

Capt. 0. C. HENDERSON, 

Assistant Professor of French Language. 

Capt. J. H. MORRISON, 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology. 

Lieut. JAMES H. WADDELL, 

Assistant Professor of English and Drawing. 

Capt. WILLIAM M. PATTON, 

Assistant Professor of Latin. 

Lieut. R. H. COUSINS, 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 

Capt. WM. B. PRITCHARD, 
Assistant Professor of Geography, Drawing and Tactics. 

Capt. W. H. BUTLER, 
Assistant Professor of Mineralogy, Latin and Tactics. 

Lieut. R. E. NELSON, 
Assistant Professor of Natural Philosophy and Latin. 

Lieut. W. C. POWELL, 
Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 

Lieut. JAMES E. HEATH, 
Assistant Professor of Latin. 

Lieut. M. PALMER, 
Assistant Professor of Drawing. 

Capt. W. DENHAM, 

Assistant Professor of Tactics. 

Capt. G. K. MACON, 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, &c. 



VIRGINIA MILITARi" INSTITUTE. 



Col. ROBERT L. MADISOX, M. D., 
Surgeon. 

HOWARD T. BARTON, M. D., 
Assistant Surgeon. 

Capt. W. A. DEAS, 
Acting Treasurer. 

Capt. JOHN T. GIBBS, 
Commissary and Steward. 

Capt. F. H. SMITH, Jr., 
Adjutant. 



VIKGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



SYNOPSIS 

OF THE COURSE OF STUDIES IN THE ACADEMIC SCHOOL. 



FIRST CLASS. 



SUBJECT. 


RECITATIONS. 


TEXT BOOKS. 


Applied Mechanics. 


From 8 A. M. to 10 A. M., 
dailj/, from September to 
January. 


Rankine's Applied Mechan- 
ics. 


Civil Engineering and 
Architecture. 


Erom 8 A. M. to 10 A. M., 
daily, from January to 
July. 


Rankine's Civil Engineer- 
ing, Lectures and Draw- 
ing. 


Moral Science, Rhetoric 
and Logic. 


From 10 A. M. to 11 A. M., 
alternately, one with an- 
other, from September to 
July. 


Paley's Moral Philosophy, 
Butler's Sermons on Human 
Nature, Blair, Whately, 
H am il ton— Lectures. 


Physical Geography. 


From 11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 
daily, from September to 
January. 


Murry's and Somerville's 
Physical Geography. 


Mineralogy & Geology. 


From 11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 
daily, from January to 
July. 


Dana's Mineralogy, Dana'a 
Manual of Geology. 


Ordnance and Gunnery, 
Military Engineering, 
Military History and 
Strategy. 


From 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., 

alternating, one with an- 
other, from September to 
Juiy. 


Benton's Ordnance and Gun- 
nery, Lendy's Fortification, 
DuParcq's Military Art and 
History. 



10 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



SYISTOPSIS— Continued. 

SECOND CLASS. 



SUBJECT. 


RECITATIONS. 


TEXT BOOKS. 


Natural Philosophy. 


From 8 A. M. to 10 A. M., 
daily, from September to 
July. 


Boucharlat's Mechanics; 
Bartlett's Acoustics and 
Optics; Bartlett's Spherical 
Astronomy. 


Physiology. 


From 10 A. M. to 11 A. M., 
alternating with Tactics, 
from September to July. 


Lectures and Dalton. 


Tactics. 


From 10 A. M. to 11 A. M., 
alternating with Physi- 
ologj', from September to 
July. 


Upton's Infantry Tactics ; U. 
S. Artillery Tactics. 


Latin. 


From 11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 
daily, from September to 
July. 


Tacitus, Horace, Terence and 
Juvenal. 


Chemistry. 


From 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., 
daily, from September to 
July. 


Bowman's Chemistry; Ros- 
coe's Chemistry. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



11 



SYI^TOPSIS— Continued. 

THIRD CLASS. 



SUBJECT. 


RECITATIONS. 


TEXT BOOKS. 


Mathematics. 


From 8 A. M. to 10 A. M., 
daily, from September to 
July. 


Gillespie's Surv'g; Smith's 
Blot's Analytical Geometry; 
Smith's Descriptive Geome- 
try ; Lectures on Shades, 
Shadows and Perspective; 
Courtenay's Differential and 
Integral Calculus; Bled- 
soe's Philosophy of Mathe- 
matics. 


Physics. 


From 10 A. M. to 11 A. M., 

alternately, from Septem- 
ber to July. The recita- 
tions on Physics being on 
the same days with draw- 
ing, but on different days 
from recitations in Latin. 


Atkinson's Ganot's Physics. 


French. 


From 11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 
daily, from Sepiember to 
July. 


Bolniar's Levizac's and Fas- 
quelle's Grammars; Gil 
Blas'Corinne; Collofs Dra- 
matic French Reader; Pi- 
cot, No. 5. 


Latin. 


From 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., 
alternating, daily, with 
Drawing, from September 
to July. 


Bullion's Zumpt's, Harri- 
son's and Gildersleeve'a 
Latin Grammars ; Ca?sar, 
Arnold's Prose Composi- 
tion, Virgil, Cicero, Livy. 


Drawing. 


From 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., 
alternating, daily, with 
Latin, from September to 
July. 


Landscape, Mechanical 
Drawing. 



12 



VIRGINIA MILITARY IXSTITUTE. 



SYls^OPSIS— Continued. 

FOURTH CLASS. 



SUBJECT. 


KECITATIONS. 


TEXT BOOKS. 


Mathematics. 


From 8 A. M. to 11 A. M., 
daihj, from September to 
July. 


Smith's Algebra, Smith's 
Legendre's Geometry 
Smith's LelVljvre, De Fou- 
rey's Trigonometry, Smith's 
DescriptiTe Geometry. 


English Language. 


From 11 A.M. to 1 P.M., 
daily, from September to 
January, alternating hour- 
ly, -with Latin. 


Kerle's Grammar. 


Descriptive and Physi- 
cal Geography. 


From 11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 
daily, from January to 
Julj', alternating, hourly, 
■with Latin. 


Maury's Geography, Maps, 
<tc. 


Latin. 


From 11 A. M. to 1 P. M., 
doily, from September to 
July, alternating, hourly, 
with English Language 
and Geography. 


McOlintock's Latin Gram- 
mar — Cajsar, Sallust, Tir- 
gil, Cicero. 


French. 


From 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., 
alternating, daily, with 
Drawing, from September 
to July. 


DeFivas', Bolmar's, Levizac's 
and Fasquelle's Grammars, 
Gil Bias, Charles XO., 
Picot's No. 5. 


Drawing. 


From 2 P. M. to 4 P. M., 
alternating, daily, with 
French, from September 
to July. 


Pen and Colored Topogra- 
phy, Etching with the pen 
or seed, Ac. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 13 



SPECIAL SCHOOL OF APPLIED SCIENCE. 



The Special School of Applied Science, in the Virginia Military 
Institute, is organized for the purpose of enabling the graduates of 
the Institute to prosecute the various professional courses embraced 
in the applications of science. 

The Special School of Applied Science, in the Virginia Military 
Institute, is arranged in the following Courses, which may be prose- 
cuted separately or in combination : 

I. — CouESE OF Architecture. 
II. — Course of Civil Engiheeeing. 
III. — Course of Machistes. 
IV. — Course op Miitiitg. 
V. — Course of Metallurgy. 

VI. — Course of Analytical and Applied Chemistry. 
VII. — Course op Agriculture. 

I.— COURSE OF ARCHITECTURE. 
Professor T. H. Wil^i^iamson. 

1. Drawing — Including pen and colored topography, mechanical, 

lettering and coloring. 

2. Materials — Stone, brick, wood, mortars, mastics, glue, paints, &c. 

3. Masonry — Retaining walls, walls of enclosure, edifices, orna- 

ments, arches, stone- cutting. 

4. Carpentry — Timbers, framing, beams, joints, floors, partitions, 

roofs, domes, centres, windows, stairways. 

5. Foundations — In water, on land. 

6. Classical Architecture — Orders, Egypt, Rome, Greece. 

7. Design. 

8. Romanesque. 

9. Gothic. 

2 



14 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

II.— COURSE OF CIVIL ENGINEERING. 
Peofessoe T. H. Williamsok-. 

1. Drawing — Pen and colored topography, mechanical, &c. 

2. Materials — Same as in Course of Architecture. 

3. Masonry — " " " 

4. Carpentry — " " " 

5. Foundations — " " " 

6. Surveying — Running lines and curves for common and rail roads, 

canals, leveling, profiles, estimates, &c. 

7. Bridges — Stone, wooden, iron. 

8. Common Roads. 

9. Railroads. 

10. Tunnels. 

11. Locomotives. 

12. Canals. 

13. Rivers, docks, harbors. 

14. Mining. 

■ III.— COURSE OF MACHINES. 

Peofessoe G. W. C. Lee. 

general pkinciples of machines. 

Muscular Power — Power of men — Power of horses, &c. 
Water Power and Wind Power — Sources of water for Power. 
Water Power Engines in general. 
Water Bucket Engines. 
Water Pressure Engines. 
Vertical water wheels. 
Turbines. 

Fluid-on-Fluid, Impulse Engines, Windmills. 
Steam and other Heat Engines — Relations of the phenomena of 
Heat. 

Combustion and Fuel. 
Principles of Thermodinamics. 
Furnaces and Boilers. 
Mechanism of Steam Engines. 
Electro-Magnetic Engines. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 15 

IV.— COURSE OF MINING.. 
Peofessor M. McDonald. 

Course of Lectures on Mining — Embracing prospecting, breaking 
ground, boring, blasting, tubing, sinking shafts, driving tunnels, 
ventilating and lighting; the different methods of vyorking mines; 
mining machinery and motors, engines, horses, pumps, vyagons, 
drums, &c. ; the dressing and concentration of minerals, crushers, 
stamps, washers, amalgamators, &c. ; quarrying and open workings ; 
details of mining in this country and statistics of mining generally. 

Drawing — Geological maps and sections ; coloring the same ; and 
plans and sections of mines, quarries and other open workings.; 
mining machinery and implements; plans of ventilation. 

v.— THE COURSE OF METALLURGY. 
Peofessoe M. McDoiTALD. 

Special Geology of Coal, Iron, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Salt, &c., with 
particular reference to N. A. localities. 

Metallurgy — Review of more important metals and their ores; 
Metallurgical implements, structures and processes, crucibles, fur- 
naces, blowing machines; details of the smelting and manufacture of 
Iron, Copper, Lead, Silver, Gold, &c. 

Drawing — Coloring of maps and sections ; drawings of furnaces, 
refiners, cokeing ovens; Metallurgical apparatus. 

VI.-COURSE OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY. 
Peofessoe M. B. Hardin. 

In the Laboratory facilities are afforded for prosecuting the vari- 
ous branches of practical Chemistry. Each student will work 
independently of the others, receiving personal guidance and in- 
structions from the Professors. In the last year the course may be 
varied according to the special object the student has in view. 

The following is an outline of Systematic Course for Students in 
Mining and Metallurgy. 



16 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

1. Qualitative Analysis — 

2. Quantitative Analysis — 

a. Analysis of substances of known composition. 
h. Analysis of Ores, Slags, &c. 

3. Assaying — Ores of Lead, Silver, Gold, Iron, Copper, &c. 

VII.— COURSE OF AGRICULTURE. 

1. Chemistry — General and applied to Agriculture. 

2. Mineralogy. 

3. Histology. 

4. Vegetable Physiology. 

5. Agricultural Botany. 

6. Zoology. 

7. Civil Engineering — Applied to farm bridges, roads, drainage. 

8. Rural Architecture. 

9. Drawing. 

■10. Anatomy and Physiology of Suh- Kingdom — Vertebrata. 

11. Human Physiology. 

12. Hygiene and Dietetics, 

13. General Botany. 

14. Animal Toxicology. 

15. Veterinary Practice. 

.16. General Principles, Chemistry, Geology, Mechanics and Domestic 
Economy of Agriculture. 

Cadets are assigned to classes, according to tbeir previous prepa- 
ration, except that no cadet can enter a higher class than the second. 

The cadets are daily practised in military exercises, at such hours 
as shall not interfere with their regular studies. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 17' 

CODE OF VIRQINIA. 

CHAPTER XXXiy. 

MILITARY SCHOOL AND LEXINGTON ARSENAL.. 



1. The Military School, established in the county of Eock- 
bridge, near the town of Lexington, shall be continued under 
the name of "The Virginia Military Institute," and for the 
support of the said school, the sum of seven thousand seven> 
hundred and ten dollars shall be annually paid out of the 
jjublic treasury; and in addition thereto, fifteen hundred dol- 
lars shall be paid out of the surplus revenue of the Literary 
Fund, as directed by the sixth section of the seventy-ninth 
chapter. 

2. There shall be a Board of Visitors for the Institution,, 
composed of the Adjutant General and eight other persons, 
two of whom shall be annually appointed by the Governor of 
each Grand Division of the State. 

3. The Board shall meet at the Institution. A meeting shall 
be held annually, at sjich time as may have been designated 
for their annual meeting in their last resolution on the subject. 
A meeting may also be called at any time by the Adjutant 
General, or by the Superintendent of the Institution, when 
either may deem it advisable. And the Board may adjourn 
from time to time. 

4. Any vacancy in the Board of Visitors shall be communi- 
cated by the Adjutant General to the Governor, who shall 
forthwith supply the same. 

5. Such reasonable expenses as the Visitors may incur in 
the discharge of their duties, shall be allowed by the Governor, 
and paid by warrant on the treasury. 

6. The Board may make by-laws and regulations, not incon- 
sistent with the laws of the State, for their own government 



18 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

and the management of the affairs of the Institution, and 
may for the purpose of transacting such business as in its 
opinion can be properly transacted, by a less number than the 
majority, authorize not less than four members to constitute a 
quorum. 

7. The Arsenal and all its grounds and buildings shall be 
considered as belonging to the Institution ; and the Board 
shall cause the same, and all the arms and other property 
therein, or belonging thereto, to be guarded and preserved. 

8. They may expend, annually, a sum not exceeding five 
hundred dollars, in erecting, altering, or repairing buildings, 
so as to have such as may be suitable and proper for the Mili- 
tary School. 

9. The Board shall, annually, appoint a Treasurer, who shall 
give bond, with sufficient sureties, in the penalty of fifteen 
thousand dollars, payable to the Commonwealth, conditioned 
for the performance of the duties of his oflBce ; which bond, 
being approved by the Board, and entered at large upon its 
journal, shall be transmitted to the first Auditor and remain 
filed in his office. 

10. The Treasurer shall, annually, on or before the first day 
of December, in each year, make a detailed report of his ac- 
counts to the Board of the Literary Fund, to be by them re- 
ported to the General Assembly. The, Board of Visitors shall 
cause a careful examination of the accounts, and a full settle- 
ment thereof to be made at least once a year. 

11. The Board of Visitors shall appoint Professors to give 
instruction in Military Science, and in such other branches of 
knowledge as they may deem proper ; shall fix the salaries of 
the Professors, and may remove them for good cause ; but no 
order for the removal of a Professor shall be made without 
the concurrence therein of a majority of the whole number of 
Visitors ; and the Board shall forthwith communicate to' the 
Governor a full statement of the reasons on which the removal 
was made. 

12. They shall prescribe the terms upon which Cadets may 
be admitted, their number, the course of their instruction, the 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 19 

nature of their service, and the duration thereof, which shall 
not be less than two nor more than five years. All so admitted 
shall make full compensation, except such as are provided for 
in the following section : 

13. They shall admit as State Cadets, free of charge for board 
and tuition, upon evidence of fair moral character, not less 
than thirty-two young men, who shall not be less than sixteen, 
nor more than twenty-five years of age. In their admission, 
strict regard shall be had to the proportionate population of 
each of the four Grand Divisions of the State, taking in the 
first place one from each senatorial district offering a suitable 
person. Tn event of any division not furnishing its propor- 
tion, the Board of Visitors, after giving due notice of such 
deficiency, may fill the vacancy from any other division. 

14. The Board may enter into an arrangement with the 
Trustees of the Washington College, by which the Cadets at 
the Military School, and the Students at the College, may re- 
spectively be admitted to the advantages of instruction pro- 
vided at either place. 

15. Any commissioned officer of the militia of this State, 
may become a student at the Institute for a period of time 
not exceeding ten months, and receive instruction in any or 
all of the departments of military science taught therein, 
without being required to pay any fee or charge for tuition. 

16. The Cadets shall be a military corps, under the com- 
mand of the Superintendent, and constitute the Guard of the 
Institution. 

17. The Superintendent shall, from time to time, inspect 
the arms at the Arsenal ; cause the same to be kept safe and 
clean ; give receipts for such arms as may be brought there to 
be deposited, and obey such orders for the delivery of arms 
therefrom as he may receive from the Governor, as directed 
by the twenty-seventh chapter. 

18. The Superintendent shall, annually, by the first day of 
October, make a return to the Adjutant General, showing the 
names, and the number of the officers and Cadets at the In- 
stitute, distinguishing those between the ages of eighteen and 



20 VIKGINIA MILITAP.y INSTITUTE. 

forty-five, and showing also the public arms, ordnance, equip- 
ments, and accoutrements at the Arsenal, and under the 
charge of the same corps, 

19. The Grovernor of the State, and the Board of Visitors, 
and Faculty of the Institute, may confer the degree of gradu- 
ate upon any Cadet found qualified to receive it, after exami- 
nation upon all the branches of the arts and sciences and 
literature taught at the Institute. 

20. Every Cadet v?ho, since the 8th day of March, eighteen 
hundred and forty-two, has been, or hereafter shall be, re- 
ceived on State account, and shall have remained in the In- 
stitution during the period of two years or more, shall act in 
the capacity of teacher in some school within the State, for 
two years after leaving the Institution, unless excused by the 
Board of Visitors ; but this section shall not be construed so 
as to deprive such Cadet of any of the compensation which 
he may be able to obtain for teaching. 

21. The Board of Visitors shall, annually, inspect the public 
arms and other property at the Arsenal, and make a report of 
their condition and of the condition of the School to the 
Governor, to be by him laid before the General Assembly. 

22. Commissions shall be issued to the Superintendent, Pro- 
fessor, and Assistant Professor of Tactics at the Institute, cor- 
responding with those of Colonel, Major, and Captain of the 
United States Corps of Engineers. Such commission shall 
confer no rank in the Militia, nor entitle any person holding 
the same, to any pay or emolument by reason thereof. 

23. There shall be enlisted in the Public Guard a Sergeant, 
to serve as an Ordnance or Quartermaster Sergeant at the In- 
stitute ; he shall be borne on the roll of the Guard, paid as 
other soldiers of the Guard are paid, and when in service at 
the Institute, be under the control of the officers thereof. 

24. The Superintendent of the Institute may enlist musi- 
cians for service at the post, to be paid out of the annual ap- 
propriation heretofore provided. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 21 



REaULATIONS 

FOR THE 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE, 



AETICLEI. 

ORGANIZATION. 

1. A permanent Superintendent, appointed by the Board of 
Visitors, will have the immediate government of the Insti- 
tution, and be held responsible for its correct management, 
fle will direct the Academic duties and field exercises ; and 
all Professors, Academic Officers, Instructors and Cadets, shall 
be under his command. He will render all estimates and com- 
munications to the Board of Visitors, and will report to the 
Adjutant General on or before the 1st of October in each year, 
the number of Officers, Cadets and other persons on duty at 
the Institution, with a full return of the number and condition 
of the public arms on deposit in the State Arsenal. 

2. The Superintendent will be required to give to the Board 
of Visitors six months' previous notice before resignation, and 
other Professors and Teachers three months. 

3. The Professors and Teachers shall receive every mark of 
respect to which their rank and office may entitle them, re- 
spectively ; but no Professor, Assistant Professor, or Teacher, 
shall receive any fee, present or reward from any Cadet of 
the Institute. 

4. The Professors shall rank according to date of Academic 
appointment in all Academic details and duties, and according 
to military grade in all details for military duty, 

5. All the pupils shall be styled Cadets, The Superintendent 
is authorized to detail as many Cadets to act as Assistant Pro- 
fessors as may be required, and the appointment shall be con- 
sidered an honorable distinction. 



22 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

6. An Academic Board, for the transaction of business, shall 
be constituted as follows : The Superintendent and the Pro- 
fessors of each separate department, of which Board the Su- 
perintendent shall be President. 

7. During the examination of any Class or Section, the im- 
mediate Instructor shall act as a member of the Board. 

8. Any member of the Academic Staff, not a member of the 
Board, may be required by the Superintendent, in the name 
of the Board, to attend its meetings, and to give information, 
or to express an opinion, but not to vote in the decisions of 
the Academic Board. 

9. The Adjutant of the Institute shall be the Secretary of 
the Academic Board, and record its proceedings. 

10. It shall be the duty of the Academic Board to designate 
the Class Book to be used in each department of instruction, 
to recommend for purchase all such books, maps, models, and 
apparatus as may be required for purposes of instruction ; to 
examine Cadets and decide on their merits, and recommend 
to the Board of Visitors such as are qualified to receive 
diplomas. 

11. It shall be the duty of each member of the Academic 
Board to keep a note of the examination of each Cadet, and 
vote upon the merits of every Cadet, when the Class standing 
is assigned. 

12. It shall be the duty of the Superintendent, at each an- 
nual examination, to lay before the Board of Visitors a table 
showing the Class marks and number of absences from reci- 
tation of each Cadet in each department of instruction, indi- 
cating in such table the names of those Cadets deemed by 
their Professor of doubtful proficiency. Any of those Cadets 
jDassing an unsatisfactory examination, shall be pronounced 
deficient. 

13. No member of the 1st Class pronounced deficient by the 
Academic Board shall receive a diploma. 

14. A Treasurer shall annually be appointed by tlie Board of 
Visitors, with such compensation as thej' may deem sufficient, 
who shall give bond and security for the faithful performance 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 23 

of his duty. All funds belonging to the Institute, and all de- 
posits made on account of the Cadets, shall be deposited in 
such bank as the Board of Visitors may direct, to the credit of 
the Treasurer of the Institute, the certificates of deposit being 
filed in the Superintendent's office. The Treasurer shall keep 
separate accounts with the various departments of the Insti- 
tute and Cadets, and all debts and credits to these accounts 
shall be made upon the order of the Superintendent. No 
money shall be drawn from the funds of the Institute or from 
the deposits of the Cadets but upon the order of the Superin- 
tendent, and a check drawn by the Treasurer and counter- 
signed by ths Superintendent. The Treasurer's account shall 
be subject to the revisal and approval of the Superintendent. 
He shall make a monthly balance sheet, showing the condi- 
tion of the Treasury, for the use of the Superintendent. He 
shall make an abstract of all cash payments made on account 
of the Cadets, for the use of the officers charged with keeping 
the check books of the Cadets. He shall return to the Super- 
intendent on the 15th of June, annually, all receipts for pay- 
ments made on account of Cadets. He shall make, annually, 
a detailed report, to be laid before the Superintendent, setting 
forth all payments and receipts on account of the Institute ; 
separating, in distinct accounts, those belonging to the Insti- 
tute proper, the Quartermaster, Commissary, &c., with the 
necessary vouchers, and make such a consolidated exhibit as 
shall show the actual condition of the public funds. 

15. The Quartermaster, who shall be appointed annually by 
the Board, shall have in charge the supplies furnished to the 
Cadets, and shall issue them upon orders given by the Super- 
intendent at prices fixed by the Board of Visitors. He shall 
keep correct accounts of all supplies which he may receive, 
and of all articles furnished to the Cadets, separating in both 
accounts the several species of articles. He shall keep an ac- 
count against the Treasurer, in which he shall charge that 
officer with all the articles delivered to the Cadets, at their 
proper prices, and shall enter therein all proper credits to the 
Treasurer which may arise in the department. He shall an- 



24 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

nually prepare a detailed report of his transactions for the 
preceding year, together with an inventory of the property 
remaining in his hands and its cost, to be laid before the 
Board of Visitors by the Superintendent. 

16. A Commissary of Subsistence shall be annually appointed 
by the Board of Visitors with such compensation as they may 
deem sufficient, whose duty it shall be to receive all supplies of 
provisions, &c., furnished for the Steward's department, issue 
them upon requisition made by the Steward and countersigned 
by the Superintendent. He shall keep accurate accounts of 
all expenses of the Steward's department, and make a quar- 
terly statement thereof to the Superintendent. He shall an- 
nually make a detailed report of the operations of his depart- 
ment for the preceding year, to be laid before the Board of 
Visitors by the Superintendent, together with an inventory of 
the property on hand and its value. 

17. -A Steward shall be annually appointed by the Board of 
Visitors, with such compensation as they may deem sufficient ; 
whose duty it shall be to see that the provisions furnished by 
the Commissary of Subsistence are properly cooked and served 
up. He shall make weekly requisitions upon the Commissary 
for the necessary supplies for the Mess Hall, and be held ac- 
countable for them. He shall be responsible for the public 
property belonging to the Mess Hall, see that the servants 
attached thereto discharge their duties and keep the Mess 
Hall and its appurtenances at all times in a thorough state of 
police. Should any provisions furnished by the Commissary 
be unsound or unfit for use, he shall immediately report the 
fact to the Board of Survey. He shall report all violations of 
the Mess Hall regulations coming under his observations and 
control to the Commandant of Cadets. 

18. Three senior officers next in rank to the Superintendent 
shall constitute a Board of Survey whose duty it shall be to in- 
spect all provisions reported unsound by the Steward, make 
regular visitations of the Mess Hall, by a detail of one of its 
members, and report to the Superintendent such modifications 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 25 

in the existing regulations as experience may dictate for the 
order of the Hall and for the comfort of the Cadets. 

19. The Superintendent shall keep a register, in which shall 
be recorded the name of every Cadet, as soon as he shall enter 
the Institute, with his age and height and the County, Senato- 
rial District and Constitutional Division of the State from 
which he may come; a transcript of which, so far as may 
relate to the Cadets for the time being, shall be transmitted to 
the Adjutant General with a Report of the Semi-Annual ex- 
amination to be held before the Governor. 

20. A Surgeon shall be appointed for the Institute by the 
Board of Visitors at their annual meeting. He shall hold bis 
ofiBce one year ; shall be subject to removal for cause at any 
time by the Board ; and in this case the Board so removing 
shall appoint another for the residue of his term ; he shall 
promptly and faithfully attend in person upon the Cadets, at 
the Institute, whenever called upon professionally for that 
purpose by any of the officers of the Institute ; shall, at the 
requisition of the Commanding officer, make careful examina- 
tion into, and report in writing upon the health of any Cadet, 
who, complaining of sickness, may ask on that account to be 
relieved from any of his duties ; and he shall generally do 
whatsoever is proper to be done by him as health officer of 
the Institution. For the sei'vices so rendered in person, unless 
himself sick, and then by some competent physician at his 
expense, he shall receive in full compensation the payment 
provided by the Board. 



ARTICLE II. 

ADMISSION OF CADETS. 

21. All applications for admission into the Virginia Military 
Institute, as Cadets, shall be addressed to the Superintendent, 
accompanied by written testimonials of fair moral character, 
and of the claims and other qualifications of the ajpplicant, on 
or before the 20th of June in each year ; and the candidates 

3 



26 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

selected by the Board will be required to repair to Lexington 
forthioith and report themselves to the Superintendent. 

22. Admissions will not be allowed at any other time except 
to fill vacancies occasioned by death, resignation or dismissal, 
or when the candidate may have been prevented by sickness 
or other unavoidable cause from reporting himself at the time 
mentioned in the previous regulation; in which case he shall 
be examined as soon after he has so reported himself as may 
be convenient. 

23. Each candidate, before he is admitted into the Tnstitut-e 
as a Cadet, must be able to read and write well, and to perform 
with facility and accuracy the various operations of the four 
ground rules of Arithmetic, of reduction, of simple and com- 
pound proportion, and of vulgar and decimal fractions. 

24. Candidates for admission will be examined by the Aca- 
demic Board, and assigned to such Class as their proficiency in 
their studies shall warrant. 

25. No Cadet shall be admitted who is less than fourteen or 
more than twenty-five years of age, or who is below five feet 
in height, or deformed, or aflSicted with any disease or infirmity 
which would render him unfit for military service; or who 
may bring with him at the time of presenting himself anj"^ dis- 
order of an infectious or immoral character, 

26. The term of service of the State Cadets shall not be less 
than three years, except in those cases in which from previous 
preparation, he may be able to graduate in two years ; for other 
Cadets, not less than two years; but no Cadet shall remain 
longer than five years; and each Cadet, when he enters the 
Institute shall subscribe in a book to be kept for that purpose, 
the following matriculation promise : " / hereby engage to serve 
as a Cadet in the Virginia MiUtary Institute for the tennjor which I 
have entered, and I promise on hotior, while I continue a viember 
thereof, to obey all legal orders of the constituted authorities of the In- 
stitute and to discharge all my duties as Cadtt with regularity and 
fidelity y And if a State Cadet: ^^ I further promise to serve in 
the capacity of a teacher in some one of the Schools of the Common- 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 27 

wealthy for the term of two yrars^ after finishing my course at the In- 
stitute, unless excused by the Board of Visitors. ^^ 

27. Whenever vacancies shall occur in the corps of Cadeta, 
whether by resignation or otherwise, or when any of the Con- 
stitutional Divisions shall not furnish their full proportions of 
State Cadets, the Senatorial District or Districts entitled to 
supply such vacancy or deficiency, shall have due notification 
of the fact, and if within sixty days no application shall be 
received from such district or districts, then appointments 
shall be made from the State at large. 

28. In the admission of Cadets other than State Cadets, a 
strict regard shall be had to the proportionate population of 
the four great Constitutional Divisions of the State, taking in 
the first place one from each Senatoi'ial District ofliering one ; 
but in the event that any of these Constitutional Divisions 
shall not furnish their due proportion of such Cadets, the full 
number that may be received at the Institute may be made up 
by the Board of Visitors from the applications from any other 
of such Constitutional Divisions, or from any State. 

29. If, after the appointment of a State Cadet, it should 
appear that his parent or guardian is able to support him as a 
pay Cadet, he shall be immediately transferred to this Class of 
Cadets, and his vacancy filled in accordance with the Eegula- 
tions. 

30. No Cadet discharged from the Institute shall be reap- 
pointed or restored under any circumstances, unless applica- 
tion is made to the Board of Visitors to reconsider his case, 
and it can be clearly shown that his case was misunderstood. 

31. No Student under sentence of suspension, dismission or 
expulsion from any other Institution, shall be received as a 
Cadet of the Institute ; unless in such cases as may seem to 
the Board of Visitors to form proper exceptions to this rule. 

32. When an applicant shall be selected for admission, his 
selection shall be immediately communicated to him by the 
President of the Board of Visitors, together with such of the 
regulations as relate to admission. 

33. No married person will be appointed a Cadet at the Mill- 



28 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTIIUTE. 

tary Institute ; and if any Cadet shall be married while there, 
such marriage shall be considered as equivalent to a resigna- 
tion, and he will leave the Institute. 

34. Each selected candidate will be required to bring with 
him, or provide before his admission, the following articles; 

2 pairs Monroe Shoes. 

2 pairs white Berlin Gloves. 

7 Shirts. 

7 pairs yarn or worsted Socks. 

7 pairs cotton Socks. 

4 Pocket Handkerchiefs. 

6 Towels. 

1 Clothes Bag, made of ticking. 

1 Clothes Brush. 

1 Hair Brush. 

1 Comb. 

2 Pillow Cases. 

2 pairs Sheets for single bed. 

1 pair Blankets for single bed. 

1 Comfort for bed. 

6 pairs white Pantaloons — canvas drilling. 

35. The board, washing, fuel, lights, beds and mathematical 
instruments will be furnished by the Institute. 

36. Cadets, other than State Cadets, shall defray their own 
expenses, and in addition shall pay annual]}^ in advance for 
instruction in the Institute the sum of $100. 

37. Each Cadet will be required to deposit semi-annually in 
advance with the Treasurer, a sum sufficient to cover his ex- 
penses for 6 months ; and upon the failure of any Cadet to 
make the deposits above mentioned, for the space of six weeks 
after the time required, such Cadet shall be required to with- 
draw, at the discretion of the Superintendent. 

38. The Superintendent shall make all contracts on behalf 
of the Board of Visitors, and for the Cadets, for supplying the 
Cadets with board, fuel, lights, washing, and other necessary 
articles ; and in no case will it be allowable for a Pay Cadet to 
pay a larger sum for boarding than is paid for the State Cadets. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE, 29 

39. All moneys for the use of the Cadets must be remitted' 
directly to the Superintendent. Any Cadet who shall violate 
this regulation, or whose parent or guardian shall pay any 
debt contracted by him during his connexion with the Insti- 
tute, and in violation of its Rules, shall be subject to immedi- 
ate discharge. 

40. For all expenses, except the fees for tuition and medical 
attendance, every Cadet leaving the Institute, before the ex- 
piration of the period for which he has made an advance, 
shall receive the unexpended balance. 



ARTICLE III. 

UNIFORM, FURNITURE, &C. 

41. Each Cadet shall keep himself supplied, at all times, in 
addition to the articles of clothing which he is required to 
bring with him, with the following, viz : 

42. One light gray cloth Coatee, single breasted, with three 
rows of eight gilt convex buttons in front, impressed with the 
arms of the State of Virginia, and blind button holes of black 
silk cord in the herring bone form, with a festoon turned at 
the back end ; a standing collar trimmed with black silk 
braid to fit the neck and to hook in front, and a yellow Vir- 
ginia button on each side — with a blind button hole like the 
foregoing — cuffs four inches wide, to be indented with three 
buttons, and cord-holes likewise on each sleeve, in the centre 
of which is to be inserted the lower button — the bottom of the 
breast and hip buttons to range — similar cord-holes to proceed 
from three buttons placed lengthways on the skirts, with three 
buttons down the plaits. 

One Surtout Coat of gray cloth, of the same color with that 
for the coatee, and of such pattern as shall be prescribed by 
the Superintendent. 

43. One gray cloth Vest for winter, of the same color with 
the coatee, single breasted, flat gilt buttons, trimmed with 
black lace, and standing collar. 



30 VIKGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

44. Two white Vests for summer, of the same pattern. Two 
pairs of gray cloth Pantaloons for winter, with a black cloth 
stripe one and a half inches wide, down the outer seam. 

45. Six pairs of plain white Russian drilling Pantaloons for 
summer, without trimmings. 

46. Two fatigue Jackets, of unbleached Russian drilling, 
with a stand collar, one fiat gilt button on each side of the 
collar, half an inch in diameter, and eight similar buttons 
down the front. 

47. One dress and one forage Cap, to be made by a pattern 
directed by the Superintendent. 

48. One black Stock ; two sets white Belts, two inches wide ; 
and one Account Book. 

49. The dress of the Superintendent and Professors, which 
shall be always worn when on duty, will conform to that of 
the corps of Engineers of the United States Army, except the 
button, which shall be the same as that prescribed for the 
Militia of the State. 

50. All articles of uniform, clothing, and equipments, shall 
be made in strict conformity to patterns and of materials ap- 
proved by the Superintendent. 

51. No other dress than that which is prescribed, shall be 
worn by the Cadets or kept in their possession. 

52. Each Cadet will unite with his room-mates in purchasing, 
for their common use, necessary room furniture. 

53. Every Cadet is prohibited to sell or other\vise dispose of 
his clothing, books, or any other article which he may have 
purchased for his own use, without permission. 



ARTICLE IV. 



ACCOUNTS. 



54. No Cadet shall contract any debt without permission of 
the Superintendent. 

55. Every Cadet shall keep a book, in which shall be charged 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 31 

every article he may purchase. This book shall be examined 
by the Superintendent. 

56. No Cadet shall obtain from the Superintendent an order 
for goods or money, unless there be a balance due to the said 
Cadet, in the hands of the Treasurer, equal to the amount of 
such oi'der. 

57. The Treasurer shall keep an account open with each 
Cadet for whom money shall have been deposited in his hands, 
in which he shall be credited, with the sum so deposited, and 
charged with the sums paid to his creditors, and for such dis- 
bursements proper receipts shall be taken by the Treasurer, 
and kept on file in his office. 

58. Any Cadet will be permitted to inspect his accounts and 
the public records, on application for that purpose during of- 
fice hours. 



ARTICLE V. 

COURSE OE INSTRUCTION. 

59. The studies which shall be pursued and the instruction 
which shall be given at the Military Institute, are comprised 
under the following heads : 

1st. Infantry Tactics and Military Police. 

2nd. Mathematics. 

3rd. The French Language. 

4th. The Latin Language. 

5th. Drawing. 

6th. Chemistry, Minei'alogy and Geology. 

7th. Natural and Experimental Philosophy. 

8th. English Language and Literature, Logic, &c. 

9th. Artillery Tactics, the science of Gunnery, and the 

duties of a Military Laboratory. 

lOfch. Military and Civil Engineering and Civil Architec- 
ture. 

11th. Geography. 



32 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

INFANTRY TACTICS, MILITARY POLICE AND DISCIPLINE, STRATEGY 
AND GRAND TACTICS. 

60. lafantry Tactics, and Military Police and Discipline. — This 
course will conform to the system of Infantry Tactics and 
Military Police and Discipline established for the government 
of the United States Army, and will comprise the schools of 
the soldier, company and battalion, the evolutions of the line, 
the manual exercise and manoeuvres of Light Infantry and 
Riflemen, with the police and discipline of camp and garrison. 

Slrcdegij and Grand Tactics. — This course will comprise the 
principles of Strategy, illustrated and explained by Military 
IHstory ; the Military Organization of the Great Powers of 
Europe; the formations of troops for attack and defence; the 
operations of a campaign ; duties of ouiposts ; attack and de- 
fence of convoys, &c., &c. 

MATHEMATICS. 

61. This course will comprehend Algebra, Plane and. Solid 
Geometry, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Mensuration, Descrip- 
tive Geometry, with its application to Shades, Shadoivs, and Per- 
spective, Analytical Geometry, Differential and Integral Calculus. 

THE FRENCH LANGUAGE. 

62. French Gravimar, reading French with a correct pronun- 
ciation and translating P^rench into English and English into 
French accurately. 

THE LATIN LANGUAGE. 

63. Latin Grammar, Etymology, — construction of the lan- 
guage, prosody, — oral and written translations. 

DRAWING. 

64. Embracing instruction in topography, delineating the 
face of a country, for the purposes of both Military and Civil 
Engineering, Pencil and Pen Tojjography for daily use, and 
Colored Topography for Bureaux Maps. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 33 

Industrial Drawing, explains to the artisan all the details of 
the various works of Engineering, Architecture, and the In- 
dustrial Arts. These drawings are colored for the purpose of 
distinguishing the various materials used in construction, 
wood, iron, stone, &c. 

Pencil Drawing, embraces instruction in Landscape sketch- 
ing — the Human figures and animals. 

CHEMISTRY MINERALOGY AND GEOLOGY. 

65. Chemical Philosophy, including the theory and practice of 
analysis and the Examination of Vegetable and Animal pro- 
ductions, Electricity and Galvanism. 

Application of Chemistry to the arts of agriculture, tanning, 
dyeing, bleaching, gilding, pyrotechny, &c. 

Mineralogy and Geology, viz : Classification and description of 
mineral substances ; general structure and classification of 
rocks, analysis and use of minerals ; view of the different sys- 
tems of geology and mineralogy, and an account of the minerals 
and Geology of the United States. 

NATURAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHILOSOPHY. 

66. Mechanics, embracing Statics, Dynamics, Hydrostatics. 
Hydrodynamics and Hydrostatics. 

Acoustics. 

Optics. 
Electro Dynamics, embracing magnetism aud electro-magnet- 
ism, with the construction and use of the instruments neces- 
sary to illustrate their principles. 

Astronoyny. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, kC. 

67. This course will embrace : 

English Grammar, comprising Orthography, Etymologj', Syn- 
tax and Prosody, with instruction in Composition and Declama- 
tion/ Philosophic Grammar. 

Mental Philosophy, Constitution of the Mind, &c. 

Moral Philosopliy, comprising an enquiry into the nature and 



34 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE, 

grounds of virtue and moral obligation — our relation to God — 
and duties flowing therefrom, the duties of patriotism, the 
chief relations of mankind to each other, and duties thence 
arising — personal duties, &c. 

Political Science^ comprising constitutional law of the United 
States and that of the State of Virginia. 

ARTILLERY TACTICS, SCIENCE OF GTJNNERT, &C. 

68. Artillery Tactics, Ordnance and Gunnery, and the duties of 
a Military Laboratory. 

Artillery Tactics will comprise the manual of the piece, 
schools of section, battery and battalion ; mechanical manoeu- 
vres and target practice. 

Ordnance and Gunnery will comprise the theorj^ and prepara- 
tion of gunpowder, manner of proving powder, of determining, 
pressure on the bore of a gun, of determining initial velocities 
by means of gun and ballistic pendulums and electro-ballistic 
machine; gun raetals, usual methods of testing solid and hol- 
low castings ; construction of artillery carriages, machines and 
implements; discussion of strains upon carriages ; projectiles, 
discussion of penetration, rupture of shells, &c.; science of 
gunnery, determination of the trajecting in the air; different 
kinds of fires; loading, pointing and discharging fireai'ms. 

CIVIL ENGINEERING. 

69. Engineering Geodesy — Materials and structures ; summary 
of principles of stability and strength ; Earthwork, Masonry, 
Carpentry, Metallic Structures, Underground and Submerged 
Sti'uctures. 

Combined Stmctvres — Lines of land carriage, collection, con- 
veyance and distribution of water; works of inland naviga- 
tion ; tidal and coast works. 

MILITARY ENGINEERING. 

TO. General Principles of Fortification — Field fortification, in- 
cluding attack and defence of field works. 
Military Bridges. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 35 

Permanent Fortification, including attack and defence of for- 
tresses, and militarj'- mining. 

History of Fortification. 

APPLIED MECHANICS. 

71. Theory of Structures — General principles, stability, strength 
and stifiness. 

Theory of Mechanism — General Principles, elementary com- 
binations, and trains of mechanism j aggregate combinations. 

Theory of Machines — Work of machines with uniform or 
periodic motion ; varied motions of machines ; prime movers. 



72. This course will comprise : 

General Properties of Bodies; force, equilibrium and motion; 
gravitation and molecular attraction; center of gravity; the 
balance ; laws of falling bodies ; intensity of terrestrial gravity ; 
the pendulum. 

■ Hydrostatics — Capillarity, endosmose, efFasion, absorption and 
imbibition. 

Properties of Gases — Atmosphere; barometer; measurement 
of the elastic force of gases ; pressure on bodies in air. 

Production, Propagation and Refi.ection of Sound j measurement 
of the number of vibrations; physical theory of music; vibra- 
tions of stretched strings and of columns of air; vibrations of 
rods, plates and membranes. 

Heat — Thermometers ; expansion of solids ; expansion of 
liquids; expansion and density of gases; changes of condi- 
tion ; vapors. 

Hygrometry — Conductivity of solids ; liquids and gases ; radia- 
tion ; sources of beat and cold ; mechanical equivalent of heat. 
^ Transmission, Velocity, Intensity and Refiection of Light — Refrac- 
tion, dispersion and actinomatism. 

Sources of Light — Phosphorescence; double refraction, inter- 
ference and polarization of light. 

Magnetism — Properties of magnets; terrestrial magnetism; 



36 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. ' 

compasses; laws of magnetic attractions and repulsions; pro- 
cess of magnetization. 

Frictional Electricity — Fundamental principles ; measurement 
of electrical forces ; action of electrified bodies on bodies in 
the natural state ; induced electricity; electrical machines. 

Dynamical Electricity — Voltaic pile; its modifications ; detec- 
tion and measurement of voltaic currents ; effects of the cur- 
rent; electro-dynamics; attractions and repulsions of current 
by current ; magnetization by currents ; electro-magnets ; 
electric telegraphs ; induction ; optical effects of powerful 
magnets. 

Diamagnetism — Thermo-electric currents. 

Animal Electricity. 

Elementary Outlines of Meteorology and Clinatology. 

Descriptive Geography. 

Physical Geography^ including physical geograj)hy of the sea. 

Practical Astronomy — Use of astronomical instruments and 
tables; methods of making, cleaning and calculating observa- 
tions for time, latitude, longitude; the earth's magnetism and 
true meridian. 

73. A Synopsis of the Course on Natural History in the Virginia 
Military Institute, Session 1868-'69. 

I. Nature of Scientific Knoivleclge — Physiology considered as an 
inductive science, and its intimate connection with other 
branches of science explained. 

Histology^ or the microscopic anatomy of the tissues. 

Nature of vital phenomena ; vital stimuli. 

Proximate inorganic elements; proximate organic princi- 
ples. 

Food — Functions of organic life, or vegetative functions, as 
Digestion, Absorption, the Circulation of the Blood, Eespira- 
tion, Production of Heat, Osmosis, Secretion, Excretion, Ee- 
production. 

Functions of Relation or those of Animal life, including 
sensation, locomotion, thought and voice. 

The Nervous System and Innervation. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 37 

Nature and functions of the Spinal Cord, of the Cerebel- 
lum, of the Cerebrum, of the Sensory Garrglia ; the doctrines 
of Phrenology examined ; Anthropology; Ethnology; Homo- 
logies of the Vertebrate Skeleton ; Sensations and Judgment; 
Intelligence and Instinct contrasted. 

Conscious and unconscious Cerebration. 

Physiology of the Cerebral Nerves — Of the special senses, 
viz : Sight, Hearing, Smell, Touch and Taste ; Physiology of 
the Sympathetic Nerve. 

APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY. 

74. Aims and objects of Hygiene; Hygienic influences of 
air, water, food, clothing, and exercise; Mental Hygiene. 

II. Fundamental principles of Zoology ; classification of the 
Animal Kingdom ; comparative Physiology of the sub-king- 
doms — jRadiata, Molusca, Ariiculata and Vertebrata; Hygiene of 
domestic animals ; Veterinary Surgery. 

Comparative Physiology of the /Senses, of Digestion, of the 
Circulation, of Respiration, of the Nervous System, of Locomotion, of 
the Voice, of Reproduction. 
^ III. Botany, or the Natural History of Plants. 

General scientific principles; Artificial and Natural classifi- 
cations; Vegetable Histology ^ Oryptogamous and Phmnogamous 
Plants. 

Organs of Vegetation ; Sources of Nutriment ; classification 
of Soils ; function of the root, stem, bark, leaf, sap, &c.; dif- 
ferentiation of Leaves ; law of Spirals ; Endogens and Exogens. 

Food of Plants; Inflorescence; Organs of Reproduction; 
geographical distribution of Plants ; economical uses of Plants. 

75. During the months of July and August, the Cadets shall 
be encamped, and the instruction shall be exclusively mili- 
tary. During the remaining ten months of the year instruc- 
tion shall be given in all the courses. 

76. The order of instruction in the several branches of each 
course, and the time to be employed in each branch, shall be 
determined by the Academic Board, under the guidance of 
experience and a just regard to the objects of the Institution. 

4 



40- 



38 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



77. A detailed programme of the course of instruction in 
each of the foregoing branches shall be drawn up by the Aca- 
demic Board, and submitted to the Board of Visitors, and 
when approved by them shall regulate the course of instruc- 
tion, in which no changes shall be made without their authority. 

AETICLE VI. 

CLASSIFICATION OF CADETS AND MANNER OF INSTRUCTION. 

78. The Cadets shall be arranged in four distinct classes, 
corresponding with the four years of study. The Cadets em- 
ployed in the first year's course, will constitute the Fourth 
Class; those in the second year's course, the Third Class; 
those in the third year's course, the Second Class, and those 
in the fourth year's course, the First Class. 

79. The Class shall be considered as taking their Com- 
mencement on the 1st July, annually, and at no other time 
shall a Cadet be advanced or transferred from one Class to 
another, unless prevented by sickness or authorized absence 
from attending the annual examination, in which case a spe- 
cial examination shall be granted him ; but in no case shall a 
Cadet be passed from one Class to another without a previous 
examination by the Academic Board. 

80. Each Professor and Instructor at the head of a separate 
department, shall be the judge of the proper mode of con- 
veying instruction in his own department, and shall be held 
responsible for the correctness of that mode. 

81. Each Instructor having immediate charge of a Class or 
Section of Class, for instruction, shall keep daily notes of its 
progress, and the relative merit of the Students ; and at the 
end of each week he shall report thereon to the Superinten- 
dent, according to such form as he may prescribe. 

82. The scale of marking daily recitations shall be: for a 
perfect recitation, 3 ; for a total failure, ; intermediate merit 
being indicated by intermediate numbers expressed in ienihs. 

83. In preparing his Class reports, each Instructor will take 
the greatest number of days that any individual of the Section 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 39 

has recited, this number multiplied by 3, will be the maximum 
for the week. The total of any individual who has recited the 
greatest number of days, will be the sum of his daily marks. 
To obtain the total of any one who has recited a less number 
of days, make the following proportion : as the number of 
days he has recited is to the greatest number of days, so is 
the sum of his daily marks, to the required total. 

84. From the weekly Class reports of each month, a consoli- 
dated report of progress will be made out, quarterly, and an 
abstract thereof forwarded by the Superintendent to the pa- 
rent or guardian of each Cadet, exhibiting his standing for 
that quarter, his health, his deposits with the Treasurer, his 
debits with the Treasurer, the cash on hand or the amount 
due, as the case may be, and the remittance required, if any, 
to pay arrears, and for the expenses of the next quarter. 

AETICLE VII. 

GENERAL EXAMINATIONS. 

85. An annual examination of all the Classes, preparatory 
to their advancement, will commence in June of each year ; 
at which time the Cadets shall be examined by the Academic 
Board, in the presence of the Board of Visitors and such other 
literary and scientific gentlemen as may be invited to attend, 
and any others who may choose to be present. 

86. Any Cadet found deficient at the annual examination 
in the studies of his Class, shall not be advanced to the next 
higher Class ; and if, in the opinion of the Faculty, his defi- 
ciency is to be attributed to utter incapacity, or habitual want 
of application, or his conduct be grossly or generally immoral 
or improper, his case shall be reported to the Board of Visi- 
tors, to the end that he may be discharged. 

87. A semi-annual examination shall be held by the Aca- 
demic Board, in the presence of such members of the Board 
of Visitors as may attend, commencing on the first Monday 
in January in each year. 

88. Immediately after each semi-annual examination, the 



40 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. - 

Superintendent shall report to the Board of Visitors, who will 
hold a special meeting for the purpose of receiving and acting 
on such report, the names of all such Cadets as shall have 
shown utter incapacity, or whose conduct has been grossly or 
generally improper or immoral, and whom he may deem it 
advisable to discharge. 

89. The Board of Visitors, in conjunction with the Superin- 
tendent, will, annually, immediately after the general exami- 
nation, select for special report to the Governor the names of 
such Cadets as have most distinguished themselves in the ex- 
amination, not exceeding two in each class, and will specify 
the studies in which they particularly excel ; and the standing 
both for conduct and scholarship of each Cadet shall also be 
at the same time communicated by them to their parents or 
guardians. 

90. Whenever a Cadet shall be found deficient in any one of 
his studies for two successive years, he shall stand ipsoj'acio dis- 
missed. 

91. After the annual examination, a diploma signed by the 
Governor of Virginia and the Visitors and Faculty of the In- 
stitute, shall be granted to each Cadet of the First Class de- 
siring it, who shall be found to have deserved it, as well by his 
moral deportment as his proficiency in his studies. Each 
Cadet receiving a diploma, shall be required to pay $10 there- 
for. 



AETICLE VIII. 

MERIT ROLLS. 

92. At every January examination the Academic Board will 
form rolls, in which the names of Cadets shall be arranged in 
their respective classes, in the order of their merit or pro- 
ficiency in each branch of instruction ujion which they are 
examined. 

93. At every July examination, the Academic Board will, in 
addition to rolls similar to those described in the preceding 
paragraph, form others, in which the merit of each Cadet in 
each branch of instruction upon which he is examined shall 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 41 

be denoted by a number proportional to liis proficiency and 
to the importance of the subject; and in which the names of 
the Cadets shall be arranged in their respective classes in the 
order of aggregate merit, as determined for each, by the addi- 
tion of the numbers expressing his merit in each particular 
branch ; but in forming the final merit roll of the first class,, 
the result of the final examination shall be incorporated with 
the results of former examinations. 

94. The relative weight to be given to the different subjects 
in forming the general merit roll of each class, by the follow- 
ing numbers : 

Engineering, - - - " - 300 

Mathematics, ... - 300 

Natural Philosophy, &c., - - 300 

Conduct, .... 300 

Infantry Tactics, - - - 200 

Chemistry, - - - - 200 

Mineralogy and Geology, - - 100 

Artillery, .... 100 

English Studies and Literature, - 200 

French and Latin, - - - 100 each. 

Drawing, .... IQO 

Geography, .... 100 

History, .... 100 

Composition and Declamation, - 50 each. 

Constitutional Law and Moral Philosophy, 100 

95. The minimum mark in any subject shall be i the maxi- 
mum, intermediate merit being represented by the terms of 
an arithmetical series, the extremes of which are the highest 
and lowest marks, and the number of terms, the number of 
the Class. 

96. The maximum conduct mark for the 1st Class shall be 
300, minimum being 100. If one-fourth the total demerit of 
a member of the 1st Class be taken from 300, the result will 
give his conduct mark. 

97. The maximum conduct mark for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th 
Classes shall be 100, the minimum being 33. 3. If one-third 
the demerit of any Cadet for the year be taken from 100, the 
result will give the conduct mark for these classes, 



42 VIRaiNIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



CONDUCT ROLLS, 

98. Eolls exhibiting the relative merit of the Cadets in con- 
duct shall be formed by the Academic Board, from the regis- 
ter of delinquencies at the July examination, for the whole of 
the academic year, in the following manner, viz : 

1st. All the recorded delinquencies of the Cadets shall be 
arranged in seven classes, each of which shall comprise those 
of nearly the same degree of criminality. 

2nd. The degree of criminality of an offence of each of the 
classes so formed shall be expressed as follows : 



Offences of the First Class by 10. 


a . i 


' " Second " " 8. 




' " Third " " 5. 




' " Fourth " " 4. 




' « Fifth " " 3. 




' « Sixth " " 2. 




' " Seventh " 1. 



For each year (after the first year) that a Cadet may be a 
member of the Institution, his offences shall be made to count 
more, by adding to the number expressing the degree of crimi- 
nality of each offence, one-sixth for the third class, one-third 
for the second class and one-half for the first class. 

3rd. The names will be arranged throughout in the order of 
demerit, those of the least degree being placed first. 

99. When any Cadet shall have a number expressing his de- 
merit in the general conduct roll, greater than 100 by the 1st 
of January, or 200 for any one year, such Cadet shall be de- 
clared deficient in conduct, and be forthwith sent to his home 
by the Superintendent. 

100. Copies of all merit rolls will be reported to the Board 
of Visitors at their annual meeting, and the rolls will also be 
copied into the register of merit at the Institute, and an ab- 
stract shall be sent to the parent or guardian of each Cadet. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 43 

ARTICLE IX. 

LEAVES OF ABSENCE. 

101. The Superintendent is authorized to grant leaves of ab- 
sence to Cadets, at the request of their parents or guardians, 
during the entire period of the encampment : provided that 
each Cadet so permitted to be absent shall have been present 
at least two encampments, and provided further that no Cadet 
shall have such leave of absence against whom has been re- 
corded, during the year then just terminated, demerit to the 
number of 150. 

102. Every Cadet on leave of absence for the time of the 
encampment shall, before his departure, collect his books, bed- 
ding and room furniture, and deposit them, properly labelled, 
in charge of the Quartermaster Sergeant ; and he shall leave 
with the Commandant of Cadets the names of those with 
whom he wishes to room during the next term. 

103. Every Cadet who shall overstay his leave of absence 
will subject himself to be tried, unless he shall produce a certi- 
ficate satisfactory to the Superintendent on his return, of his 
having been prevented from returning by sickness or some 
other unavoidable cause. 

104. Any Cadet who shall wilfully absent himself from the 
Institute, without leave, for a period of twenty-four hours, 
shall be dismissed. 

105. Every Cadet, on returning from leave of absence, shall 
immediately report himself to the Superintendent, the Com- 
mandant of Cadets and the First Sergeant of his Company. 

106. No Professor shall absent himself from the Institute 
for a longer time than ten days, without the permission of the 
Board of Visitors ; nor shall any Professor or Officer be absent 
from his duty at any time, without the assent of the Superin- 
tendent. 



44 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

ARTICLE X. 



107. A member of the Institute shall act as Librarian, who 
shall be responsible for the property in his charge ; he shall 
attend at the Library at such hours and under such by-laws as 
shall be prescribed by the Superintendent. 

108. No book shall be taken from the Library, without the 
knowledge and presence of the Librarian. 

109. No persons, except members of the Institute, shall be 
allowed to draw books from the Library. 

110. For every book drawn from the Librarj', a receipt shall 
be given. 

111. No officer shall be allowed to have in his possession, at 
one time, more than four volumes; and no Cadet more than 
one, with accompanying plates, except by the special permis- 
sion of the Superintendent. 

112. No person shall lend any book drawn from the Li- 
brary. 

113. No person shall keep any book more than two weeks; 
and all violations of this regulation will be reported by the 
Librarian to the Superintendent. 

114. All persons drawing books from the Library, shall be 
responsible for any damage done to them ; the amount of 
which shall be estimated by the Librarian, and reported 
weekly to the Superintendent. 

115. No persons shall be allowed to draw books from the 
Library while a fine remains unpaid, or while books, pre- 
viously drawn, are retained beyond the prescribed time, un- 
less they shall be so retained by the permission of the Super- 
intendent. 

116. All books drawn from the Librarj" shall be returned by 
the 1st of June, and none shall be afterwards taken out by 
any Cadet until the 1st of September following, without the 
written permission of the Sujaeriutendent. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



ARTICLE XI. 

DISCIPLINE. 

117. The Cadets of the Institute shall constitute a military- 
corps, and be subject to military discipline, under the imme- 
diate command of the Commandant of Cadets. 

118. The punishments to which a Cadet shall be liable, are 
comprised in the three following classes : 

1st. Privation of recreation, &c., extra tours of duty, repri- 
mand. 

2nd. Arrest or confinement in his room or tent. 

3rd. Dismission, with the privilege of resigning; public dis- 
mission. The punishment of the first and second classes, 
mentioned in the preceding paragraph, may be inflicted by 
the Superintendent, or with his approbation ; those of the 
third class after a trial by court-martial, except in cases of a 
Cadet exceeding the limit of demerit, being wilfully and cul- 
pably negligent of his duties or studies — or manifesting a dis- 
position and determination to resist the authorities of the In- 
stitute, in which cases, the Superintendent is authorized to 
dismiss, without the intervention of a court-martial. 

119. In cases of irregularity or insubordination on the part 
of Cadets, requiring, in the opinion of the Superintendent, 
the infliction of the third class of punishment, the Superin- 
tendent may convene by public orders a Garrison court-mar- 
tial, to consist of not less than three, nor more than five mem- 
bers ; and in case it consists of three members, then two officers 
of the Institute and one Cadet officer of the first Class shall 
be detailed on the court, provided that no officer preferring the 
charges, or interested personally in them, shall be competent 
to sit upon the court, whose duty it shall be to try the Cadet 
upon the charges preferred, and make a finding upon the tes- 
timony adduced. 

120. The senior officer of the court shall act as president of 
the court, and the duties of the judge advocate will devolve 
upon the junior member. 



46 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

121. The mode of proceeding in such courts shall conform, 
as far as procticable, to the rules for the government of courts- 
martial in the United States military service. 

122. The proceedings of the court, properly authenticated, 
shsU be laid before the Superintendent, and if approved by 
him, shall be promulgated in orders. 

123. A right of appeal from the decision of the court is re- 
served to the Cadet ; in which case he shall immediately notify 
the Superintendent of the same, with a copy of his appeal, 
whose duty it shall be to forward a copy of the proceedings of 
the court to the President of the Board, accompanied by the 
appeal of the Cadet, with his own remarks thereon. Should 
the case, in the opinion of the President of the Board, require 
reinvestigation, the President may direct the original pro- 
ceedings to be suspended, and refer the same to a meeting of 
the Board of Visitors, to be called by the President for that 
purpose — otherwise the sentence of the court shall go into 
effect. 

124. As obedience and subordination are essential to the 
purposes of this Institution, any Cadet who shall disobey a 
command of the Superintendent, or any Professor, Teacher, 
Instructor, or other superior officer, or behave himself in a 
refractory or disrespectful manner to the constituted authori- 
ties of the Institute, shall be dismissed, or less severely pun- 
ished, according to the nature and degree of his oifence. 

125. No Cadet shall drink, or bring, or cause to be brought, 
within the Cadets' limits, or have in his room, tent, or other- 
wise in his possession, wine, porter, or any spirituous or intoxi- 
cating liquors, brandied fruits, or viands, upon pain of being 
dismissed. 

126. No Cadet shall, without permission, go to any inn, 
public house, or place where wine, porter, or any spirituous or 
intoxicating liquors, brandied fruits or viands are sold, upon 
pain of being dismissed. No Cadet shall visit any public hotel 
without permission. 

127. Any Cadet found drunk, or under the influence of 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 47 

wine, porter, or any spirituous or intoxicating liquor, brandied 
fi'uits or viands, shall be dismissed. 

128. Cadets who have been dismissed from the Institute 
shall forthwith leave the premises. 

129. No Cadet shall play at cards, or any other game of 
chance, or bring, or cause to be brought upon the premises of 
the Institute, or have in his room, or otherwise in his posses- 
sion, the cards or other materials used in these games, on pain 
of being dismissed or otherwise less severely punished. 

130. No Cadet shall in any way use tobacco, nor bring it, or 
cause it to be brought into either barracks or camp, nor have 
it in his room, or otherwise in his possession. 

131. No Cadet shall cook or prepare food in either barracks 
or in camp, nor have cooked provisions in his room, nor give 
an entertainment there or elsewhere, without permission. 

132. No Cadet shall be allowed to keep a waiter, horse or 
dog. 

133. Any Cadet who shall wantonly damage any quarters, or 
their appurtenances, shall, besides making good such dam- 
ages, be otherwise punished, according to the nature of his 
offence. 

134. Each Cadet, before he leaves the Institute, shall fur- 
nish to the Superintendent a certificate from the Quartermas- 
ter and other proper officers, that he has returned all pro- 
perty charged to him in good order, or made good any de- 
ficiency. 

135. Any Cadet who shall lose, damage, destroy, sell, or 
otherwise dispose of the arms, accoutrements, books, instru- 
ments, or other public property in his possession, shall, be- 
sides paying for the same, be otherwise punished, according to 
the nature of his offence. 

136. No Cadet shall go beyond the limits of the Institute, or 
such other limits as the Superintendent may prescribe, with- 
out his permission ; nor shall any permission to be absent 
from the Institute at night be granted, unless upon a special 
invitation to visit in private families, or to attend Divine wor- 



48 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

ship, or upon such occasions as shall be deemed proper excep- 
tions to this regulation by the Superintendent. 

137. Any Cadet who shall insult a sentinel by words or ges- 
ture, shall be dismissed, or otherwise less severely punished. 

138. Any Cadet who shall answer for another at any roll 
call, or who shall engage any other Cadet to answer for him, 
shall be dismissed, or otherwise less severely punished. 

139. No Cadet shall visit during the hours of study, or be- 
tween tattoo and reveille, nor be absent from his room at those 
times for any purpose, without permission from the proper 
authority. 

140. Any Cadet who shall absent himself from the Institute 
at night, after call to quarters, without permission, and go be- 
yond the limits, shall be dismissed. 

141. Duties appropriate for the Sabbath, including attend- 
ance upon Divine service, which shall be imperative, shall be 
prescribed by the Superintendent, and each Cadet shall be re- 
quired to conform thereto. 

142. Any Cadet who shall behave indecently or irreverently 
while attending Divine service, or shall use any profane oath 
or execration, or profane the Sabbath, shall be punished 
according to the nature and degree of the offence. 

143. The Cadets are not only required to abstain from all 
vicious, immoral or irregular conduct, but they are enjoined 
on every occasion to conduct themselves with the propriety 
and decorum of gentlemen. 

144. Any Cadet who shall be guilty of conduct unbecoming 
an officer and a gentleman, shall be dismissed, or otherwise 
less severely punished. 

145. No Cadet shall send or accept a challenge to fight, nor 
be the bearer of such challenge, written or verbal ; nor in any 
way, directljf or indirectly, countenance or promote a duel, 
nor upbraid another for declining to fight, on pain of being dis- 
missed. 

146. Every Cadet who knows that a challenge to fight has 
been, or is about to be sent or accepted by any other Cadet, shall, 
without delay, give information thereof to the Superintendent. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 49 

147. No Cadet shall use any reproachful or provoking 
speeches or gestures to another. 

148. Any Cadet who shall by any means whatever traduce 
or defame another, shall be dismissed or otherwise less severely 
punished — according to the nature of his offence. 

149. Any Cadet who shall strike, or in any manner offer vio- 
lence to another, shall be punished in like manner. 

150. Any Cadet who shall beat, or otherwise maltreat any 
citizen shall, besides being amenable to the law, be otherwise 
punished according to the nature of the offence. 

151. Any Cadet who shall wantonly abuse the person of any 
Cadet, by playing unjustifiable tricks upon him, shall be dis- 
missed, or otherwise less severely punished, according to the 
degree of the offence. 

152. No Cadet shall sign any certificate or statements rela- 
tive to personal altercation between members of the Institute, 
or to any transaction of a private or personal nature, without 
permission from the Superintendent. 

153. Ail Cadets who shall combine or agree together to hold 
no friendly or social intercourse with another, and any Cadet 
who shall endeavor to persuade others to enter into such com- 
bination or agreement, shall be dismissed or otherwise severely 
punished. 

154. All combinations, under any pretext whatever, are 
strictly prohibited. Any Cadet who, in concert with others, 
shall adopt any measure under pretence of procuring redress 
of grievances, or sign any paper, or enter into any written or 
verbal agreement with a view to violate or evade any regula- 
tion of the Institute, or to do any act contrary to the rules of 
good order and subordination, or who shall endeavor to per- 
suade others to do the same, shall be dismissed. 

155. Any Cadet who shall manifest an insubordinate or re- 
fractory spirit — evincing a disposition to resist the authori- 
ties of the Institute, thereby disturbing its peace and order, 
shall be forthwith sent to his home by the Superintendent ; 
but such Cadet shall, after such dismissal, have the right of 
appeal to the Board of Visitors from the decision of the Super- 
intendent. 

5 



60 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

156. If any Cadet shall consider himself wronged by an- 
other, or by any officer, he is to complain thereof to the Super- 
intendent, who is hereby required to examine into the said 
complaint, and to take the proper measures for redressing the 
wrong complained of. Should the party complaining be re- 
fused redress, he may appeal to the Board of Visitors for their 
examination and order on the case. 

157. All communications to the Board of Visitors from any 
person or persons belonging to the Institute shall be made 
through the Superintendent, whose duty it shall be to forward 
them to the Board, with such remarks as he may think proper. 

158. All publications relative to the Institute, or to transac- 
tions at the Institute, are strictly prohibited. Any Professor, 
Assistant Professor, Teacher, A cademic Officer, or Cadet there- 
fore, who shall be at all concerned in writing or publishing anj' 
article of such character in any newspaper or pamphlet, or in 
writing or publishing any handbill, shall be dismissed, or other- 
wise severely punished. 

159. No Cadet shall apply for, or receive money from his 
parents, or from any person whomsoever, without permission 
from the Superintendent : any infraction or violation of which 
will be considered a positive disobedience of orders and j^un- 
ished accordingly. 

160. The strictest attention to study and all other duties will 
be required. Every Cadet, therefore, who shall absent himself 
from duty of any kind, and fail to render a satisfactory excuse 
in writing for such absence, shall be reprimanded, put upon 
extra duty, or confined, according to the circumstances of the 
case. 

161. Any Cadet who shall evince a culpable neglect of his 
studies or duties shall be required to return to his home by the 
Superintendent. 

162. The Professor, Assistant Professors and Teachers will 
be held accountable for the regvilar and orderly conduct of 
their respective classes or sections while under their immediate 
instruction. 

163. It shall be the duty 'of every Professor, Teacher and 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 51 

Assistant Professor, who is knowing to any violation of the 
rules and regulations, or to any crime, irregularity, neglect or 
other improper conduct of which a cadet has been guilty, to 
report the same without delay to the Superintendent. 

164. All immoralities, disorders, misbehaviour or neglect of 
which Cadets may be guilty, to the prejudice of good order 
and military discipline, though not herein expressly mentioned, 
are to be punished according to the nature and degree of the 
offence. 

165. In all details of military duty, the rules and regulations 
for the government of the army of the United States are to be 
observed so far as they are applicable to, and do not conflict 
with, the regulations adopted for the government of the Insti- 
tute. 



ARTICLEXII. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

166. Each Professor and Instructor, at the head of a sepa- 
rate department, will have charge of, and be accountable for, 
the instruments and apparatus supplied for the use of the de- 
partment. 

167. No Professor, Assistant Professor or Teacher shall give 
a certificate or make any statement or report relating to the 
qualifications, standing, conduct or character of any Cadet, or 
of any person having been a Cadet, or concerning the exami- 
nation of any candidate for admission, unless required so to 
do by the special direction of the Superintendent. 

168. No Cadet will tender his resignation unless impelled 
thereto by urgent reasons, which must be fully set forth in his 
letter of resignation ; such letter must be accompanied by the 
written consent of his parent or guardian. 

169. The Superintendent is authorized to accept the resigna- 
tion of Cadets in the following cases only : 

1st. Ill health,, to be ascertained by the Surgeon's certificate, 
2d. Deficiency of funds, which has arisen since the Cadet's 
admission. 



52 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

In such cases, the resignation of a Cadet must be tendered 
to the Superintendent, who may take such action thereon as 
he may think proper, subject, at the instance of the Cadet, to 
the revision of the Board of Visitors ; in all other cases, resig- 
nation must be tendered to the Board of Visitors. 

170. The Superintendent, and in his absence, the officer in 
command, shall have power to arrest any Professor, or subor- 
dinate oflBcer, for mutiny, disobedience of orders, unofficerlike 
conduct, or other offences, prohibited by the rules and regula- 
tions presci'ibed for the government of this Institution ; and 
on such arrest, it shall be the duty of the Superintendent, or 
other officer making the same, to appoint a day for the trial 
of said Professor, or other subordinate oflBcer, not less than 
ten, nor more than thirty days from the date of such arrest, 
and immediately notify the several members of the Board of 
Visitors that said arrest has been made, and shall also furnish 
the person arrested with a copy of the charges preferrrd 
against him. 

171. Upon the application of any Professor or subordinate 
oflBcer, it shall be competent for any two or more of the Board 
of Visitors to arrest the Superintendent, for unofficerlike con- 
duct, or other offences prohibited by the rules and regulations 
for the government of this Institute, and upon such arrest, it 
shall be the duty of the members making the same to furnish 
the Superintendent with a copy of the charge or charges upon 
which the arrest was made, and furthermore, to fix a day for 
his trial not less than ten, nor more than thirty days from the 
date of the arrest, and also to notify the several members of 
the Board thereof. 

172. No Cadet shall be admitted into the Institute until he 
has been inspected by the Surgeon, whose duty it shall be to 
make a report to the Superintendent of the Institute, stating 
the bodily condition of each, and if any of said Cadets be 
possessed of any disease, seriously impairing their physical 
capacity to discharge military duty, or calculated to infect 
others, the Supeiintendent shall either reject or provide that 
the disease shall not be communicated to others. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 58/ 

173. It shall be the duty of the Superintendent to cause the 
Regulations of the Institute to be read upon parade from time 
to time, provided that all the regulations be published to the- 
Cadets at least once each year. 



ARTICLE XIII. 

REGULATIONS FOR THE INTERIOR POLICE AND DISCIPLINE OF THE: 
VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

174. The Cadets shall be organized into one or more com- 
panies, according to number, and the officers shall be ap- 
pointed by the Superintendent. The selection shall be made 
from those Cadets who have been most active and soldier-like 
in the performance of their duties, and most exemplary in 
their general deportment. In general the officers will be taken, 
from the first Class, and the non-commissioned officers fnom. 
the second and third Classes. 

175. From the 1st of March to the 1st of December, there^ 
shall be an infantry or artillery drill every day, when the 
weather is favourable (Saturdays and Sundays excepted), at 
such regular hour of the day as the Commandant of Cadets 
may appoint, and for the residue of the year at his discretion. 

176. There will be a dress parade at Jietreat, when the Cadets 
are in barracks, and at Troop and Meireat^ when in camp (the 
weather permitting), according to the form prescribed in the 
General Regulations for the United States Army, 

177. There shall be an inspection of the battalion, under 
arms, every Sunday morning, when the weather permits, ac- 
cording to the form prescribed in the General Regulations of 
the United States Army. No military duty or exercise for in- 
struction, will be performed on Sunday. 

178. No Cadet shall be absent from any duty whatever, 
without permission from the Superintendent, unless excused 
by the Surgeon, for inability, in consequence of sickness or 
disease. 



54 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

HOURS FOR DAILY DUTIES. 

179. Reveille at 5 o'clock A. M., from the 1st of April to the 
1st of October; at half-past 5 o'clock A. M. from the 1st of 
October to the 1st of April. 

First S'Tgeant^s call at half-past 6 o'clock A. M. 

Peas-upon-a-trencherj the signal for breakfast at 7 o'clock A. 
M. 

Surgeon^ s call at half-past 7 o'clock A. M. 

Troop, at 7 o'clock and 35 minutes A. M., when in Barracks; 
at 8 o'clock A. M. when in Camp. 

Roast Beef, the signal for dinner, at 1 o'clock P. M. 

Retreat, at sunset. 

Call- to- quarters, for study in Barracks, at 30 minutes after re- 
turn from supper. Supper immediately after evening parade. 

Tattoo, at half-past 9 o'clock P. M. 

Taps, the signal to extinguish lights, at 10 o'clock P. M. 

Church-call, half-past 10 o'clock A. M,, on Sundays. 



180. JS'o Cadet shall, without permission, retain in his quar- 
ters any article of dress, other than the uniform for the Ca- 
dets, prescribed by the regulations. 

181. The overcoat shall not be worn between the 1st of April 
and the 1st of October, except in rainy weather, or in quarters 
at any time during study hours. 

182. The fatigue jacket shall only be worn in quarters or 
camp within the limits of the chain of sentinels, or at military 
exercises, when directed. 

183. Every Cadet shall be neatly attired whenever his room 
is visited by an officer. 

184. The hair to be short, or what is generally termed crop- 
pied-, whiskers and moustaches shall not be worn. 

BADGES OF DISTINCTIOISr. 

185. Cadets acting as officers and non-commissioned officers 
shall be distinguished by the following badges : 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 55 

Captains, chevrons of four bars of single lace on each arm, 
above the elbow, points up. 

Lieutenants, chevrons of three bars of single lace on each 
arm, above the elbow, points up. 

Adjutants — The Lieutenant's chevron, vpith an arc. 

Quartermaster — The Lieutenant's chevron, vfith a horizontal 
bar. 

First i^ergeant^ chevrons of two bars of single lace on each 
arm, above the elbow, points up — with a lozenge. 

Sergeants, chevrons of two bars of single lace on each arm, 
above the elbow, points up. 

Sergeant- Major — The Sergeant's chevron, with an arc. 

Quartermaster-Sergeant — The Sergeant's chevron, with a hori- 
zontal bar. 

Color-Bearer — The Sergeant's chevron, with a star. 

Corporals, chevrons of two bars of single lace on each arm, 
below the elbow, points up. 

Corporals of the Color Guard — The Corporal's chevron, with a 
star. 

Cadets appointed Acting Assistant Professors will wear upon 
their coats three rows of fourteen buttons in front. 

186. No Cadet shall lend or exchange his arms or accoutre- 
ments or use those of any other Cadet. 

187. The arms issued to Cadets will not be taken from their 
quarters except for duty. 

188. No Cadet shall alter his musket, by scraping, filing or 
varnishing the stock, barrel, or any other part of it ; nor shall 
the lock be removed, or taken apart, without the permission 
of the officer having charge of the same. 

189. Cadets are prohibited from having in their possession 
any description of fire-arms, or other weapon, not issued to 
them by proper authority. 

POLICE OF QUARTERS. 

190. No Cadet shall remove from the room assigned to him 
without permission of the Commander of Cadets. 

191. Every Cadet, on rising in the morning, shall roll up his 



56 VIRGINIA MILITARS^ INSTITUTE. 

mattress, with the bed clothes neatly folded in it, put it into 
the bed-sack and strap it. He shall hang up his extra clothing, 
put such articles in the clothes bag as it is intended to contain, 
and arrange all his effects in the pi'escribed order. 

192. Every Cadet shall attend to the good order and ar- 
rangement of his own arms, accoutrements, clothing, and 
their effects ; the Orderly shall attend to the general police of 
the room, and shall require each occupant to discharge his 
proper duty. 

193. Cadets shall prepare their clothes for the laundry at 
such times as the Commandant may direct. 

194. No Cadet shall throw water from anj^ room in the bar- 
racks upon the gallery. 

195. No Cadet shall throw anything from the windows, doors 
or galleries of the barracks. 

196. No Cadet shall have in his room any article of furni- 
ture not prescribed. 

197. No Cadet shall keep a light after taps at night, unless 
he be the officer of the day. Superintendent of subdivision. 
Adjutant, Quartermaster or Assistant Professor: but all lights 
except that of the officer of the day shall be extinguished at 
11 o'clock. 

198. No Cadet shall play on any musical instrument on Sun- 
day, nor in study hours on any other day. 

199. No Cadet shall play any game with cards, nor at any 
other game but chess or back-gammon, and these only in re- 
creation hours, with the permission of the Superintendent, 
and shall in no case bet or wager any sum of monoj' or other 
thing. 

200. Cadets shall walk the halls and galleries of the barracks 
and pass up and down stairs in study hours with as little noise 
as possible; running, loud talking, scuffling, or unnecessary 
noise in barracks are strictly prohibited at all times. 

201. Every Cadet leaving his room on a neoessarj' occasion, 
or for water, when the sentinels are on post, shall report his 
departure and return to every sentinel he passes, and shall be 
absent as short a time as possible. If bis absence occurs after 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 57 

taps, he shall report to the officer of the guard, whose duty it 
shall be to pass huTti out and in, and to report the names of all 
individuals thus passed. 

202. No Cadet shall enter or stop at the guard room during 
study hours. 

203. Whenever a Cadet receives permission to be absent 
from his quarters during study hours, or from any duty, he 
shall show his permit to the officer in charge and the Superin- 
tendent of his division, and shall leave it with the officer of 
the day. 

204. No Cadet shall post any placard or notice upon any of 
the public buildings, or affix to the walls of his room any map, 
picture, or piece of writing, or drive a nail in the walls or tim- 
bers of the barracks, without the permission of the Comman- 
dant of Cadets. 

205. No Cadet shall mark, cut, or in any manner deface or 
injure the public buildings. 

206. No Cadet shall throw missiles or stones of any descrip- 
tion in the vicinity of the barracks or other buildings. 

207. No Cadet shall introduce a citizen into the barracks 
during study hours, upon any pretence whatever. 

ORDERLIES OF ROOMS. 

208. There shall be an Orderly detailed for each room occu- 
pied by the Cadets, who shall perform the duties until he is 
relieved by the proper officer. 

209. The Orderly shall see that the names of his room-mates 
are on the orderly board, his own name being the first or upper 
name on the board. 

210. He shall be held responsible for the preservation of all 
public property attached to the room, for the common use of 
its occupants. 

211. He shall be held responsible for the cleanliness of the 
room, the proper arrangement of its contents, and for the strict 
observance of regulations and orders therein. Whenever an 
Orderly is absent from his room, or is prevented by sickness 
from attending to his duty, the occupant longest off duty, who 



58 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTIIUTE. 

is present and for duty, shall perform the duties of Orderly, 
and be accountable for their faithful discharge, in the same 
manner as if regularly detailed. 

212. Every morning, immediately after reveille, he shall 
thoroughly sweep every part of the floor of his room, brush the 
dust from the furniture, &c., and sweep the dirt collected out 
of the room, but shall not sweep dirt into the halls of the bar- 
racks during the remainder of the day. 

213. He shall see that a light is in his room within ten min- 
utes after the evening call to quarters. 

214. Every night after tattoo, and before taps, he shall cause 
all the lights in the rooms to be carefully extinguished. 

215. He shall answer promptly and fully to every question 
put to him by an Officer or by a Cadet on duty. 

SUPERINTENDENTS OF DIVISIONS. 

216. Each of the Instructors of Infantry Tactics shall super- 
intend a company of Cadets and its company quarters, and 
shall see that the regulations are duly observed therein. He 
shall superintend, or instruct at the military exercise of his 
company, and be responsible for the proper observance of all 
parades and roll calls. 

217. He shall inspect the rooms of his division three times 
between reveille and tattoo. He shall also frequently inspect 
between tattoo and reveille. 

218. He shall, after his inspection on Sunday morning, direct 
the Orderlies of such rooms as are in good order to be con- 
tinued for the same duty for the ensuing week. 

219. He shall, every morning, make to the Commandant of Ca- 
dets a report in writing of all the delinquencies that may have 
come to his knowledge since his last report, and of the con- 
dition of the rooms with regard to police ; specifying those in 
the best and those in the worst order, and the names of the 
Orderlies. 

SUPERINTENDENTS OF SUB-DIVISIONS. 

220. Each division of quarters under the superintendence of 
an Assistant Instructor of Tactics, shall be sub divided, and 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 59 

each sub-division shall be jjlaced under the superintendence 
of one of the officers of the corps, who shall be charged with 
the immediate care of its police, and the preservation of gene- 
ral good order therein. 

221. The Superintendent of a sub-division of quarters, in 
case of any noise and scuffling, or other improper conduct in 
any room, hall or gallery under his charge, shall repair in- 
stantly to the spot and suppress the irregularity, order the 
parties to their rooms, and forthwith report the circumstances 
to the Superintendent of his division or to the officer in 
charge. 

222. He shall keep a roster of the occupants of each room 
of his sub-division, and shall, every Sunday morning, person- 
ally direct those whose turn it is to enter upon their duiies as 
Orderlies for the ensuing week, except in cases otherwise di- 
rected by the Superintendent of division. 

223. He shall communicate to the occupants of rooms un- 
der his charge, such orders as may be given by the Superinten- 
dent of division, relative to the police, and shall cause them to 
be strictly observed. 

224. He shall visit every room in his sub-division immedi- 
ately after taps at night, and shall ascertain, by minute insjiec- 
tion, whether the duties of the Orderly have been properly 
performed, and whether the occupants of the room are all 
present and in bed. He shall cause the Orderlies and others, 
in every case of neglect observed at this visit, to comply 
strictly with the regulations, and shall report the result of his 
inspection to the officer in charge. 

225. He will see by personal inspection that the gas burner 
is closed in each room. 

226. He shall also visit and thoroughly inspect all rooms 
under his charge thirty minutes after reveille, immediately 
after which he shall make a report in writing to the Superin- 
tendent of his division, subjoining thereto the word " certljied^^'' 
with his signature. 

227. The Commandant of Cadets is charged with the com. 
mand of the battalion, and with the instructions of Cadets in 



60 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

all the rules of military police, discipline, and administration. 
He will be assisted in these duties by four Assistant Instnic- 
tors of Tactics, who shall be quartered in the Cadet Barracks, 
during the Academic year. During the encampment the 
Commandant and these four Assistants shall be quartered in 
Camp. 

COMMANDANT OF CADETS. 

228. The Commandant of Cadets shall make a minute in- 
spection of the rooms, furniture, &c., of the Cadets, at least 
once a week, and if necessary, will make a siDecial report 
thereon to the Superintendent. He will also make occasional 
inspection of quarters after taps. 

229. He shall prescribe the order in which the furniture, 
bedding, books, clothing, equipments, &c., shall be arranged 
throughout the Barracks. 

230. He shall make a report to the Superintendent every 
morning, between 8 and 9 o'clock A. M., of the condition of 
the Barracks, and of the discipline of the Cadets, noting 
specially such matters as may require his consideration and 
action. 

231. He shall be responsible for the safe-keeping and good 
order of all arms, accoutrements, and other public property 
in use by the Cadets. 

OFFICER IN CHARGE. 

232. Each of the Assistant Instructors of Tactics shall be 
detailed in turn as officer in charge for the day ; his tour to 
commence at Guard mounting, at which time he will report 
for orders to the Commandant of Cadets. 

233. He shall superintend the performance of all the duties 
of the day which do not requii-e the presence of the Com- 
mandant, and see that they are jDerformed according to regu- 
lations and orders. 

234. He shall promptly correct all irregularities which may 
occur in the Barracks, or in their vicinity, and shall be in the 
Barracks yard at taps to receive the reports of Inspectors. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. • 61 

235. He shall be present at class parades aud roll calls, dur- 
ing his tour; and shall not absent himself from the Barracks 
or their vicinity, except at meal-times, without the approba- 
tion of the Commandant of Cadets. 

OFFICER OF THE DAY. 

236. The Officer of the Day shall be detailed from the roster 
of Cadets acting as officers. 

237. He shall, after receiving his guard, report for orders to 
the Commandant of Cadets, and shall receive and obey such 
orders as may be given him during his tour by the Officer in 
charge. 

238. He shall give the guard the orders of the day, regulate 
the reliefs, and have such of the guard dismissed as are not 
required for duty. 

239. He shall cause the sentinels to be posted at proper 
times, shall visit them ten minutes after they ai'e posted, and 
see that they are properly instructed in their duties. 

240. He shall cause all Academic signals to be sounded afc 
the proper times. 

241- He shall superintend the formation of the classes and' 
sections, require the marchers to report the absentees, and to 
preserve good order on parade, and while marching to and 
from the Institute, and shall not leave the parade ground un- 
til all the sections have reached their recitation rooms.. 

242. He shall then immediately seek all who have been 
reported to him as absent (except those properly excused), and 
order them to repair forthwith to their respective recitation 
rooms, or wherever their duty may require their presence; 
whenever they are found absent he will report the fact. He 
shall report to the officer in charge all whom he does not find 
and all such as fail to obey his orders. 

243. He shall take prompt and effectual measures for sup- 
pressing all irregularities and disturbances that may occur in 
or near the Barracks. 

244. He shall station himself in or near the guard-room, be- 

6 



62 • VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

tween thirty minutes after reveille, and iaps^ constantly, except 
when absent on duty or at meals. 

245. He shall be held responsible for all public property de- 
posited in the guard-room. 

246. He shall report to the Officer in charge for orders, imme- 
diately after taps. He shall then immediately (unless other- 
wise ordered) visit the rooms of all Cadets who are reported 
absent, and he shall repeat his visits at intervals of fifteen 
minutes to the room of each absentee till his return. 

247. On the back of his guard report he shall note all viola- 
tions of the regulations which may have come to his know- 
ledge during his tour, stating the name of each delinquent, 
with a clear and precise description of his offence, and the 
circumstances of time and place, when they are not necessarily 
understood ; he shall also state, particularly, the orders given 
him by any authorized officer, and the time at which each ab- 
sentee at taps returned to his room ; and he will subjoin to 
his report the word " certified^'' with his signature. 

SENTINELS. '* 

248. There being, perhaps, no better test of soldiership and 
the discipline of a command than the manner in which the 
duties of sentinels are performed. Cadets should underatand 
the honor and responsibility of a soldier on post. 

249. All persons, of whatever rank, are required to observe 
the greatest respect towards sentinels ; and no officer or other 
person shall make use of any expression, language or gesture, 
to a Cadet on post. 

250. Every sentinel shall obey the orders of the Superlnien- 
dent, Commandant of Cadets, Officer in charge, Officer of the dau, 
and the Officers and Non- Commissioned Officers of the guard. 

251. At evening parade each First Sergeant shall warn the 
Cadets of his company, who are detailed to mount guard the 
ensuing day, always taking those for this duty first who have 
been the longest off. The guard thus detailed shall be on duty 
all night, at least one sentinel being on post at a time. 



VIRGINIA MILITAKY INSTITUTE. 63 

252. Every Cadet of the guard shall appear at guard mount- 
ing in perfect order. 

253. Cadets detailed for guard shall wear their side arms 
when not on post, and shall not, duiung their tour, leave the 
Institute. 

254. As soon as a sentinel is posted in the barracks, he shall 
visit every room under his charge, see that all the occupants 
are present, and order (if it be in study hours) every Cadet 
whom he may find visiting to go to his room. If he fail to 
obey the order, he shall forthwith call the Sergeant of the 
guard and report his disobedience. 

255. Every sentinel on post, when the call " to quarters" is 
sounded, shall visit the rooms under his charge ten minutes 
after such call, and report those Cadets who shall not have 
obeyed the call. 

256. No sentinel shall permit a violation of the regulations 
to take place within the limits of his post, without taking 
proper measures to prevent it; nor shall he fail in any case to 
call for the Corporal of the guard, and report to him imme- 
diately every such violation which comes within his observa- 
tion or knowledge while on post, and the name of every Cadet 
who, during his tour, shall have been absent from his room, in 
study hours, longer than ten minutes. 

257. Any Cadet who shall neglect his guard duty, by desert- 
ing or sleeping on his post, or in any manner impair the secu- 
rity of the public property, by the neglect of the duties de- 
volving upon the guard, by laws, shall be dismissed or other- 
wise less severely punished. 

258. Any noncommissioned officer of the guard who shall 
fail to post his relief at the prescribed hour, or hours, after 
taps, shall be subject to the penalty attached to the neglect of 
duty of a sentinel under paragraph 257. 

J 259. The Sergeant of the guard shall parade and inspect 
every relief at the proper time. 

260. In all cases not provided for in the foregoing para- 
graphs, the service of the guard shall be performed as pre- 
scribed in the general regulations of the Army of the United 
States. 



64 vmaiNiA military institute. 



261. The Superintendent and the Commandant of Cadets alone 
have the power to arrest a Cadet, except in cases of mutiny, 
direct disobedience of orders, or gross disrespect to a superior 
officer, in which cases oflfenders may be arrested ; but all such 
arrests shall be promptly reported, through the Commandant of 
Cadets to the Superintendent for his approbation. 

262. Every Cadet arrested shall confine himself forthwith to 
his quarters until released (unless otherwise specially ordered), 
except when required to be absent therefrom for the perform- 
ance of some of his academic or military duties (to all of which, 
except guard duty, he shall strictly attend), and except on 
a necessary occasion, and for the purpose of going to the mess 
hall for his meals. Company officers and non-commissioned 
officers in arrest will march to meals in rear of their respective 
companies ; the battalion staff in rear of the battalion, and 
the privates as usual, except in camp, when they will march 
with the guard. No Cadet will be released from arrest except 
by authority of the Superintendent or Commandant of Cadets. 

263. Every Cadet charged with a breach of arrest shall be 
tried, and if found guilty, shall be dismissed. 

264. When a Cadet is confined to the limits of barracks, 
camp or the Institute, any breach of such confinement will 
subject him to the penalty prescribed by paragraph 263 for 
breach of arrest. 

265. When a Cadet is under arrest or confinement to his 
room, barracks, camp or the Institute grounds, he will not ap- 
ply for any permission to go beyond such limits, unless im- 
pelled thereto by strong emergency, and when thus impelled, 
he will make personal application to the Superintendent in 
writing, setting forth in such application that he is under ar- 
rest, and the reasons for which he desires the permission 
which he asks, ' 

266. No general permit granted to Cadets to go beyond the 
limits of the Institute will be valid to any Cadet under arrest 
or confinement, except for attendance at church in the morn- 
ing and afternoon services on the Sabbath ; and any Cadet who 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 65' 

shall go beyond the Imiits for other purposes when under ar- 
rest or confinement upon such general permit will subject 
himself to the penalty of the 263rd paragraph. 



267. At the Surgeon's call the sick in quarters of each company/ 
shall be conducted to the Hospital by a non-commissioned offi- 
cer of the company, detailed for the purpose, at evening parade. 
The medical officer will every morning, at half-past 7 o'clock,, 
meet and examine the sick brought to the Hospital, retaining 
all whom he may consider unable to attend to any duty, and 
sending all others to quarters, excused only from such special 
duty as he may judge them unable to perform. 

268. The sick Cadets who remain in quarters shall not leave 
their rooms, except for the purpose of performing some duty,, 
or of taking exercise at such times as the Surgeon may have 
prescribed, with the approbation of the Superintendent ; but 
no such Cadet shall, for any purpose whatever, be absent from 
his room during any drill, parade or roll call, from which he 
may have been excused on account of indisposition. 

269. Every Cadet excused on account of sickness from all 
duties shall be sent to the hospital. 

270. The sick in hospital shall obey all orders of the Sur- 
geon, and all such police regulations as he may prescribe, with 
the approbation of the Superintendent. 

271. No patient shall leave the hospital without permission 
from the Surgeon. 

272. No patient shall go beyond the hospital yard without 
a written permission, signed by the Surgeon and approved by 
the Superintendent. 

273. No Cadet shall go to the hospital unless previously 
examined and sent there by the Surgeon. 

274. No Cadet shall visit any patient in the hospital without 
a written permission, signed by the Surgeon and approved by 
the Superintendent or Commandant of Cadets. 



66 VIEGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 



275. The Commandant of Cadets is Inspector of the Com- 
mons, and will report to the Superintendent all irregularities 
in the Hall, and every infraction of the mess regulations. 

276. The senior Cadet Captain is Superintendent of the 
Hall, and the other Cadet officers in the order of rank are 
Assistant Superintendents. It shall be their duty, aided by 
the non-commissioned officers, to preserve order therein, and 
to enforce the mess regulations, and to march the corps to and 
from the Hall, in a military and soldier-like manner. 

277. At the hours appointed for breakfast, dinner and sup- 
per, the companies will be formed on the company parade 
grounds by the First Sergeants, and will then be united under 
the senior Cadet officer present, who will march the whole to 
and from the Hall, as prescribed (276). 

278. The corps will be divided into squads corresponding to 
the tables in the mess. Each squad will be commanded by an 
officer of the corps, to be designated by the Inspector of the 
Mess, and he will cause the regulations to be observed at the 
table at which he presides, and will report all violations of the 
same to the Superintendent of the Hall, who will transmit 
such reports to the Inspector. He will also appoint carvers to 
preside at either end of the table. 

279. In the absence of the chief of the squadj the Cadet 
officer next in rank belonging to the squad will perform the 
duties of the chief in the manner prescribed (278). 

280. Every Cadet shall march to and from meals, except the 
Officer of the Day, and the senior corporal of the guard, not 
immediately on duty ; the latter shall precede the corps to the 
mess-hall, shall report any Cadet who ma}^ enter the hall be- 
fore the corps, and shall remain until the relief arrives. 

281. Each Cadet shall have the particular place at the table 
to which his place in the ranks corresponds ; such place shall 
not be changed without the permission of the Superintendent 
of the mess-hall. 

282. Loud talking at table is prohibited ; the carvers alone 
shall call on the waiters. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 67 

283. Wasting or taking from the mess-hall provisions or 
mess-furniture of any kind is strictly forbidden. 

284. The Superintendent of the mess-hall shall see that 
every Cadet leaves the hall at the command "i^ise." 

285. The officer or non-commissioned officer commanding 
the guard of Cadets shall march such of his guard as have 
been detained on duty to the mess-hall immediately after the 
battalion has retui'ned, and when encamped, the Cadet pri- 
vates in arrest will be included. He shall preside at the table 
of the guard, and see that the mess regulations are observed, 
all violations of which he shall report to the Inspector of Com- 
mons. 

286. No Cadet shall go to the Commons, or approach the 
building occupied by the Steward, except on duty, at any 
other time or in any other manner than is above prescribed. 

287. If any Cadet shall consider any article of the fare pro- 
vided at his table to be tainted, or otherwise unsuitable for 
use, he may report the fact to the Superintendent of the hall, 
who shall communicate the report (with a sample of the pro 
visions complained of) to the Commandant of Cadets. 



288. Any Cadet reported for a delinquency shall report in 
person to the Commandant of Cadets within his first orderly 
hour after the publication of the report on parade. No excuse 
shall be made by any Cadet in any other manner, nor at any 
other time, than is here prescribed, unless he is unavoidably 
prevented from complying with the above direction, in which 
case a written excuse shall be forwarded for the consideration 
of the Commandant of Cadets ; but no such excuse shall be 
handed in at a later period than one week after the unavoida- 
ble cause of delay shall have been removed. 

289. Any Cadet who shall present a false excuse shall be 
dismissed ; and any Cadet who shall persent a disrespectful 
excuse shall be punished according to the degree of the of- 
fence, and the report for which such excuse shall have been 
presented shall not be removed. 



68 VIKGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

290. No Cadet shall address an Officei' or Cadet who has re- 
ported him for a delinquency, on the subject of such report, 
unless specially permitted by the Superintendent or Com- 
mandant of Cadets ; and every Officer or Cadet having made 
such report against a Cadet, shall hold no conversation with 
him relating to it, unless referred to with the proper permis- 
sion. 

291. When a Cadet is reported absent from quarters, or from 
any duty, he shall be required to render an excuse or explana- 
tion for the same, and when it is not stated that he was at the 
time in the Barracks, or within the Cadets' limits, he will be 
considered as having been beyond the said limits, and liable 
to be punished accordingly. 

292. All absences from quarters at night which are unau- 
thorized, and without excuse, will be considered as involving 
special penalty. 

293. Appeals to the Superintendent for a reconsideration of 
reports for delinquencies, will not be entertained except dur- 
ing the week on which said reports are recorded, except in 
cases when it is impracticable to apply for a reconsideration 
within that time. Such appeals must be made in writing. 

294. Cadets having over 175 demerits for the year, will be 
considered on probation for the next year, and the limits of 
their demerits for that year will be fixed at 175. Any Cadet 
on probation exceeding 175 demerits within the year, will be 
ipso facto dismissed. 

295. Any Cadet Officer having 50 demerits for any quarter, 
will be forthwith reduced to the ranks. 

296. FORM OF EXCUSE FOR DELINQUENCY. 

(Date) , 18 

Report, 

Excuse, ■ 

Respectfully suhmiited ; 

Cadet, 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 69 

2o Commandant of Cadets. 

(Endorsement for the above excuse, on the reverse, and at 
the top, the whole not to extend more than three inches be- 
low the top.) 

(Date,) 

■Cadet, 



Excuse, 



All excuses shall be written on paper susceptible of being 
filed to a uniform size, and shall be, when delivered to their 
address, of the size of a sheet of letter paper folded in three 
equal parts; no such communication being made on a piece of 
paper of a less size than one of such parts, or the one-sixth of 
a sheet of letter paper. 

RECITATIONS. 

297. The class sections shall assemble at their respective 
hours of recitation, in front of the Barracks, except in bad 
weather, when they shall assemble in the lower gallery. 

298. Silence and soldier-like deportment are enjoined on all 
Cadets while on class parade, and while marching to and from 
their recitation rooms. No Cadet shall have his book open in 
ranks. 

299. Every Cadet, unless he be an Assistant Professor, or 
excused, shall assemble and march with his section. 

300. No Cadet shall go to his quarters during the attendance 
of his section in the recitation room, unless in case of sickness, 
when he must immediately report to the proper officer. 

301. No Cadet shall leave his class-room without the per- 
mission of his instructor, nor shall request such permission 
until one hour from his entrance has elapsed, nor then, ex- 
cept on a necessary occasion. 

302. Every Cadet permitted to leave the class-room shall re- 
turn as quickly as possible; all who leave the class-room shall 
be reported by the Instructor in his weekly class report. 



70 VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

SECTION MARCHERS. 

303. The Cadet whose name stands first on the roll shall be 
the marcher of his section. 

304. The marcher, as soon as the signal is given, shall form 
his section at the place of assembling, in two ranks. 

305. He shall then call the roll, and note each absentee, 
whose name he shall give to the officer of the day. 

306. He shall march his section to the lecture-room, under 
the direction of the officer of the day, in an orderly and sol- 
dier-like manner. 

307. He shall cause the Cadets of his section to take seats 
in the lecture-room in the order of their names on the roll. 

308. While a section is under the charge of the marcher, he 
shall be responsible, in the absence of the Professor, or In- 
structor of the section, for any injury done to the public 
buildings, or other public property, and for the good order of 
his section. 

309. When dismissed by the Instructor, he shall form his 
section as before, and march it in like manner to the place 
where it assembled, and there dismiss it. 

310. He shall report in writing to the officer of the day, 
every violation of the regulations which has been committed 
by any member of the section of which he is marcher while 
in the recitation-room, or while marching to or from it. 

311. Whenever a marcher is not present with his section, 
the next highest on the roll shall perform the duties of 
marcher, and shall be obeyed as such. • 

INSTRUCTORS. 

312. Every Instructor shall note in his weekly class report 
the name of each Cadet of the section under his immediate 
charge who has been delinquent, with the time and description 
of his oflfence. 

313. He will also state in his report^ the progress ma<ie dur- 
ing the week by his section, and the particular subject on 
which it has been engaged. 



VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 71 

314. He will hand his weekly report to the Superintendent 
on Friday, between 4^ and 5 P. M. 

315. The Assistant Professoi's shall present their class re- 
ports to their respective Principal Professors, by whom they 
shall be transmitted to the Superintendent. 

316. No Instructor will dismiss his section before the proper 
signal is made without mentioning the same, with his reasons 
for so doing, on his weekly report, nor shall he detain his sec- 
tion after the signal to dismiss it has been sounded. 

SOCIETIES, &c. 

317. No society shall be organized among the Cadets without 
a special license from the Superintendent; nor shall any assem- 
bly of Cadets be held for this or any other purpose without his ex- 
press permission, promulgated in orders. 

TEMPORARY REGULATIONS. 

318. The Superintendent is authorized to prescribe tempo- 
rarily such regulations of discipline or police as may be omitted 
and experience may show to be necessary, which shall be re- 
ported to the Board of Visitors at its next meeting, and when 
approved by them shall be permanent. 

COMPLIMENTS. 

319. Cadets shall at all times salute all the officers of the In- 
stitute whether in uniform or not, the Governor of the State, 
and the members of the Board of Visitors. 

ORDER OF ATTENDING CHURCHES. 

320. The Cadets will be marched to church every Sunday 
morning (weather permitting), and will attend the sevei'al 
churches in the following order : 

Company A. Company B. Company C. Company D. 

l8t Sunday in the month, Presbyterian. Methodist. Baptist. Ejiiscopal. 

2nd " " " Episcopal. Baptist. Methodist. Presbyterian. 

Sfd " " " Methodist. Presbyterian. Episcopal. Baptist. 

4th " " " Baptist. Episcopal. Presbyterian, Methodist. 



72 VIRGIISriA MILITARY INSTITUTE. 

Fifth Sunday at the discretion of the officers commanding 
companies. The staff will always attend one of the churches 
attended by the companies. 

321. As no preference is given to any religious sect or de- 
nomination in the Institute, officers commanding companies 
will be held accountable for their faithful compliance with the 
order in paragraph 320 — that the principle of the Institution 
may not be violated by their neglect or caprice. 

RESPONSIBILITY OF CADETS ON LEAVES OF ABSENCE, &C. 

322. Cadets on leaves of absence are not exempted from a 
conformity to all those regulations which prescribe propriety 
of conduct on the part of a Cadet, but will in all cases be lia- 
ble to punishment according to the nature of the offence. 

323. Should the Superintendent have cause to know that 
the conduct of any Cadet, while on leave of absence, has been 
grossly immoral or improper, he will immediately notify the 
parent or guardian of such Cadet of the same, to the end that 
he do not return to the Institute. 

324. A Cadet on leave of absence will report for duty by 
"guard mounting" on the morning after the date on which 
his leave expires. 

325. No Cadet on leave of absence shall remain in the 
vicinity of the Institute (except when the parent or guardian 
resides there) unless specially authorized to do so. 

326. A Cadet returning from leave of absence before said 
leave has expired, will report for dutj' by " guard mounting" 
on the morning after his return. 

REGULATIONS. 

327. A copy of these Eegulations will be deposited in each 
room of the barracks, for the safe-keeping of which the Orderly 
will be held responsible ; and it is made the duty of the In- 
spector of Divisions and Commandant of Cadets to see that 
this regulation is complied with.