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Full text of "The Relief Society magazine : organ of the Relief Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints"

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RElIEFSOCIErf^ 



Magazine 










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Observe. 

Jerusalem is taken by the British. 

New Year Resolutions center, this year, 
in Economy and Patriotism. 

The Relief Society Women have sur- 
passed themselves in Applied Conser- 
vation. 

Children and Babies must not be stinted 
even to feed our soldier boys. 



Organ of the Relief Society of the Church of 

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

No. 29 Bishop's Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

1. 00 a Year — Single Copy 10c. 

Vol. V. 








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The Relief Society Magazine 

Owned and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

JANUARY, 1918. 

Old Glory George H. Brimhall 1 

Mrs. Zina D. H. Young and Daughter, Zina Y. Card Frontispiece 

Revolutionary Patriots 3 

If (A Poem) Mrs. Parley Nelson 6 

Mother Takes Up the New Year's Burden. . .Diana Parrish. 7 

Mothers in Israel 11 

Cecelia (A Poem) Alfred Lamhourne 18 

Unusual ]\Iothers 19 

A 200- Year Calendar 23 

If We Could See the End Annie D. Palmer 26 

Notes from the Field Amy Brown Lyman 27 

Only a Voluteer 29 

Fruits of Endeavor Ruth Moench Bell 30 

Trust Yet a Little While ( A Poem ) Maud Baggarley 34 

Our Patriotic Work Clarissa S. Williams 35 

Current Topics James H. Anderson 39 

Home Science Department Janette A. Hvde 43 

Editorial : The New Year Relief Society Prayer 45 

Guide Lessons 47 

Peace I Leave with You ( A Poem) Lucv Mav Green 61 



ADVERTISERS* DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise with us 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 

BENEFICIAL LIFE INSURANCE CO., Vermont Bldg., Salt Lake City. 

DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 

DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple Street, Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets, Salt Lake City. 
MERCHANTS' BANK, Third South and Main Streets, Salt Lake City. 
McCONAHAY, THE JEWELER, 64 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
OREGON SHORT LINE RAILWAY, Salt Lake City. 
PEMBROKE STATIONERY CO., 22 E. Broadway. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 
STAR PRINTING CO., 30 P. O. Place, Salt Lake City. 
SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
L. C. SMITH BROS., 338 S. Main, Salt Lake City. 

SOUTHERN PACIFIC RY., Second Floor, Walker Bk. Bldg., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. * CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St, Salt Lake City 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK. Salt Lake City. 
Z. C. M. I.. Salt Lake City. 



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Wc Hope You Had A 
Right Merry Xmas 

We Wish Vou a Prosperous 

New Year, Full of Comfort 

and Happiness 

Sunday School Union 
Book Store 

Salt Lake City, Utah 



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Phone Wasatch 2815 
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Old Glory. 

George H. Brimhall. 

Old Glory, wave on, o'er the land of the free, 

The home of the fair and the brave, 
The land where oppression from mountain to sea 

Finds only a place for a grave. 
The hands of a nation grasp firmly thy staff, 

In triumph they bear thee along. 
We join in the chorus like miU'ons before us, 

Still pledging our banner in song. 

Chorus. 

We'll come at the call of the colors, Old Flag, 

We're ready for duty today, 
We'll serve where you want us to serve, Old Flag, 

We'll pay what you want us to pay. 

"•;' . Old Glory, float on, o'er the shop and the farm, 
■"'' And wave at the mouth of the mine, 

*,/|fr-.''CA.nd flutter in front of our chariots of fire, 
" '' ' And over our birds of the brine. 

The coo of the babe, and the beat of the drum, 
The voice of the nurse and the gun, 

Shall swell the refrain while we sing again 
The song that our fathers have sung. 

Chorus. 

We'll come at the call of the colors, etc. 

Wave, Glory, wave on when the world shall be free. 

And the peace dove has builded her nest ; 
When the war-clouds no more shall darken the shore 

And the billows of strife are at rest; 
When the goddess of Right and the champion Might 

Shall meet at the altar of love. 
And under the Stars and thy symbolic Bars 

Will sing with the heavens above. 

Chorus. 
We'll come at the call of the colors, etc. 




MRS. ZINA n. II. YOUXC, FORMKK PRLCSIDILXT OF THE RELIEF SOCIETY, 
AND HER ONLY DAUGHTER, ZINA Y. CARD. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. JANUARY, 1918. No. 1 



Revolutionary Patriots. 

ELIZA R. SNOW ZINA D. H. YOUNG. 

Born both in the month of January, Eliza, on January 21, 
1804, Zina, January 31, 1821, these two heroines and patriots were 
destined to travel life's thorny, yet glorious, way side by side. 
Both were descendants of revolutionary fathers, both were in- 
tensely loyal to country and to God. Both joined the Church in 
early girlhood, both pioneered in Kirtland, in Nauvoo, and in 
Utah. Both were sealed to the Prophet Joseph Smith, and both 
were afterwards married to President Brigham Young. Both 
were workers in the Endowment House, both were sent out to 
leorganize the Relief Society in the late 50',s and early 60's by 
President Young. Both later occupied the position of President 
of the General Board of the Relief Society and both women were 
respected and revered by every Latter-day Saint women, and their 
memories today are sacredly enshrined in our hearts. 

Eliza R. Snow was highly intellectual, a leader and an organ- 
izer par excellence. Zina D. H. Young was a tender-hearted 
nurse and midwife to thousands of her sisters. Eliza was never 
a mother in the flesh, yet mothered the Church in her own stately 
and magnificent way. Zina was the essence of motherhood and 
was all heart, all soul. Eliza was an active ordinance worker in 
the Nauvoo temple. Zina presided in the Salt Lake temple. 
Both worked in the Endowment House. Eliza organized, 
fostered and led out in establishing woman's co-operative stores, 
home industry, a hospital for women, a woman's newspaper, 
young ladies' organizations, a primary associat'on for children, 
with constant reiteration of the necessity of economy and con- 
servation of time, money an,d vitality in all activities for women 
and ch'ldren. Zina was placed at the head of the Silk Association 
and herself established the successful rearing of cocoons and 
turning the pro-duct into silk weaves. Both were patterns of con- 
S^ervation, never wasteful in word or deed, always occupied with 



4 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

either hands or brain, often both, yet always calm and deliberate in 
the midst of life's most difficult problems. Both also saw the true 
meaning- of serving- God by serving mankind. And both also 
steadily maintained the integ:rity of the gospel, the divine mission 
of the Prophet Joseph Smith, and the supreme sacrifice of our 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 

Both have gone to meet their righteous and blissful reward. 
But when the month of January comes around our thoughts turn 
with loving remembrance to these two gracious and great women 
leaders and patriots. 




BRIGHAM KIMBALL. 
ELIZA K. .SNOW TO BRIGHAM KIMBALL. 

President Heber C. Kimball had a very large and in many 
respects, a most remarkable family. He was a great prophet 
himself and his quiet humor, generous imagination and natural 
eloquence are inherited by many of his posterity. Among the 
brig-htst and most promising sons was Brigham Kimball, who died 
in the flower of his young manhood. Prior to his death he took 
a mission to Great Britain and while there he received a letter 
from Sister Eliza R. Snow, which contains inspiring advice just 
as applicable today as it was then to all young missionaries, clos- 
ing with some verses written on the same theme. We give ex- 
tracts here ; 



REVOLUTIONARY PATRIOTS. 5 

G. S. L. City, April 20, '66. 

My Dear Young Brother: My motherly feelings for you, and 
the high respect which I cherish for your honored parents, is all 
the apology I shall offer for presuming to address a young gen- 
tleman uninvited. No language with which I am acquainted, is 
sufficient to express the deep interest I feel, not only for yourself 
as an individual, but for the all-important work in which you are 
engaged. I have been favored with perusance of some of your 
letters — ^they are very interesting. I love the spirit in which they 
are written and I like your natural and easy style of writing. 

You find yourself in a school, and thus far, the anticipations 
of your friends are being realized, i. e., that you would not he a 
dull scholar. You knew nothing of the world until you went forth 
as a messenger of salvation, to confront its errors and its tradi- 
tions. With all its boast of knowledge, how little true knowledge 
it possesses ! 

Salt Lake City was quite a mixture before you left — it is get- 
ting more and more so. But withal, it is astonishing to see how 
the Priesthood moves on in its imperial majesty, carrying out the 
purposes of the Most High, regardless of Satan and his imps. 

It is very gratifying to the Saints to look on and see how the 
Lord handles our enemies. This is one of many striking instances 
before us. Sometimes the clouds loom up, indicative of storm, 
but soon again the sky is clear and all is calm. What a lesson it 
is for us to watch the movements of things, and see the overruling 
hand of God, not only in the great and momentous occurrences, 
but also in the common and daily transactions of life. We should 
indulge in no fear but of doing wrong. 

As I am a "Poetess," I will rhyme a little: 

You are blest, my young brother — you're called in your youth 

To go forth to the nations a herald of Truth ; 

To remove false traditions which fetter and bind — 

To declare the glad tidings of peace to mankind. 

If you keep yourself humble, and seek to do right, 
God will give you great wisdom and clothe you with might, 
Wtih great knowledge and skill to outgen'ral your foes, 
And you'll ne'er be confounded by them that oppose. 

Hold the reins over self and its passions, secure — 
"Touch not — taste not, and handle" not what is impure. 
And the favor of God will encircle you round. 
And with guerdons of honor your life will be crown'd. 



6 RELIEF SOCIETY MACAZIXE. 

I have tried to cram much in a I'ttle space and tear your time 
and patience both will be too much taxed in deciphering my 
scribble. 

I remember you hinted something about girls all getting mar- 
ried before you return — now T wish to set your heart at rest on 
this subject. I have a number of pretty nieces — they will not all 
l)e married. I never so much wished that I had a few daughters 
of my own — I assure you I would hold one in reserve. * * * 
( lod bless you, and make you mighty through His Spirit is the 
prayer of 

E. R. Snow. 
To BrigJiam Kimball. 



IF. 

By Mrs. Parley Nelson. 

"How blessings brighten as they take their flight!" 

How changed is life when one we love lies dead ! 
If I could hold her in mv arms tonight, 

Caress the shining curls upon her head, 
If I could tuck her in her little bed, 

And press her lijxs in one long, goodnight kiss, 
This earth would be a ])aradise to me ; 

My heart would overflow with joy and bliss. 

She used to come and climb upon my knee 

And coax for stories in her winsome way, 
r»ut mostly there were other things to do ; 

Each day it seems was mother's busy day. 
And so I put her off! We missed the joy 

Of sweet communion and companionshiii. 
T hurried to my tasks, afraid to see 

The downcast, tear-dimmed eyes and trembling lip. 

And then GikI took her home, and here am I 

Heart-broken. lonel>', longing day and night 
For one more glimpse of that sweet, childish face 

Which, for all t'me, is hidden from my sight. 
If I could but recall each unkind word, 

Erase each frown she's seen upon my brow, 
If I had shown her more of love and cheer, 

Mv heart would ache with less of sorrow now. 



Mother Takes Uplthe New Year's 
Burden. 

By Diana Parrish. 

At the last moment mother was prevented from going to the 
theatre with father. 

"Mrs. Wilson has another violent attack and Jessie is down 
stairs waiting for me to go with her now," she explained to him. 

Mother was out of breath from climbing the stairs and out of 
patience with people who had relapses on New Year's Eve. 

"But mother, we've counted on this for two weeks. It's one 
of the best plays of the season and it's New Year's eve and every- 
body's celebrating. Surely there must be someone with nothing 
in particular to do who could go to Mrs. Wilson's instead of you," 
protested father, impatiently. 

Mother hesitated a moment. Then she said, "I would love 
to go, of course, but we mustn't think too much of our own 
pleasure and forget other people's sufifering. You telephone Aunt 
Margery to go with }ou, I'm sure she can and I'll change into a 
house-dress." 

Mother began to unfasten her pretty, black lace blouse, new 
for the occasion. New Year's Eve — a good play — a handsome 
blouse — instead, Mrs. Wilson. 

Arriving at her neighbor's, mother found that it had not been 
Mrs. Wilson's heart at all, as she had been led to believe, but an 
attack of gastritis brought on by overeating, in spite of doctor's 
orders. Mother found Airs. Wilson doubled up in bed, holding 
her heart and groaning like the mourners at an Irish wake. Mrs. 
' Wilson loved to groan and during forty-five years of practice had 
become most expert. Mother tried to soothe her at which show 
of S3'mpathy she took such encouragement that her groans became 
shrieks which delighted her own ears and filled her listeners with 
terror. 

"My heart, my poor heart," she wailed. 

Little Jessie stood by her mother's side frozen with horror. 

"Who'll take care of my children when I'm g-go-gone?" 
moaned the stricken lady. "Oh, oh, oh-a-ow !" 

Jessie's fear melted a little as a sudden thought struck her. 

"Perhaps it was them oysters you et, ma," she suggested 
faintly. 

Mrs. Wilson moaned louder. 

"Or, maybe, the bananas and cream on top of 'em," went on 
her child stubbornly. 

At that Mrs. Wilson gave vent to a frightful yell and rolled 
across the bed to where the child stood. 



8 RRiJi-r socn-.ry magazine. 

"Ain't you ashamed to torture your poor ma when she is 
suffering so?" she shrieked, making a frenzied lunge at her off- 
spring who dodged it with skill born of much practice. 

At the mention of oysters and bananas mother made her own 
calculations, and after two hours of well applied remedies suc- 
ceeded in getting relief for the stricken lady and then watched her 
while she moaned herself softly to sleep. 

Is it any wonder then, that when mother dragged herself 
wearily home at eleven o'clock she was totally disanimated ! 

"What a sordid thing life is," she reflected. She sank wearily 
into a chair by the hearth. "So much sickness, so much mean- 
ness, so much ugliness. Here it is New Year's Eve, and every- 
thing ought to be bright and joyous. Here I am facing another 
year of this sort of thing. After all is it worth while to try to 
go on ?" 

Even the glowing coals of the fire failed to inspirit her. Her 
feet ached, her back ached and her head fairly throbbed. Mother's 
mind ran on to other sad details of life. "All my children away, 
some married, some at school, and some in training camps. Oh, 
this war, this awful, awful war — and the sufferers over there — 
where does it all lead to? What will the New Year bring us to?" 

Mother could not restrain her tears. She lay back in her 
chair and wept. Before long she fell asleep from sheer exhaus- 
tion. 

Now I don't know who it is that helps us when we are dis- 
couraged and downhearted. It may be our good angel, it may be 
the spirits of departed relatives and friends, or it may be just 
little fairies who are looking after us mortals as we go blundering 
through this school of life. At any rate ,some little kindly sprite 
came to Mother's assistance at this moment. In a happy dream, 
she took her on a swift journey and showed her things that she 
was not aware were happening. 

First she took her to Fannie's, her 'daughter-in-law. Fannie 
was telling her own mother what a wonderful time they had all 
had at Mother's on Christmas. 

"It wasn't .so much the gifts or the dinner, or any one thing 
that I can mention. It was chiefly the spirit. Mother's spirit, a 
kindliness, a hospitality, and a good will that made us all happy." 

"Do you hear that?" the little sprite whispered in Mother's 
ear. "It was your influence that made them happy." The little 
sprite's eyes sparkled as she led the way to Geraldine's, the other 
daughter-in-law. 

"It's my ambition to have a family like Mother's," Geraldine 
was telling her guests. "It would be the pride of my life. I — " 

The little sprite danced on, catching hold of Mother's arm and 
carrying her on. too. "I mustn't let you hear too much. If you 
heard all the good things they say about you, it might make you 
conceited " 



THE NEW YEAR'S BURDEN. 9 

The little sprite laughed merrily and led mother back to Mrs. 
Wilson's room. She was stirring from her sleep. 

"Jessie, Jessie! Where did Mrs. Bentley go?" 

Jessie, poor child, enjoying thrilling adventures in dreamland, 
did not answer. 

"She must have gone," continued the chronic groaner. "Poor 
soul, it was a shame to get her over here on New Year's Eve. I 
shouldn't have et them oysters and bananas together. I'll take 
'em separate next time." 

The little sprite smiled into mother's eyes without comment. 
She led the way to a soldier's camp. 

There were bonfires burning brightly and round each fire 
groups of stalwart young fellows sat shoulder to shoulder. There 
had been merry songs to begin with. "Goodbye Broadway, Hello 
France !" "We'll be There," "Hail, hail the gang's all here," and 
"On the beach at Waikiki." Then came the old favorite melo- 
dies, "Dixie," "Suwanee River," and "My Old Kentucky Home." 

"Guess the folks at home are havin' a gay old time, tonight," 
piped up a youthful voice. "New Year's Eve, there's some doin's 
at our place." 

"Guess most of 'em are wondering what we're doing. This 
is the first time I have been- away from home before, and I know 
my mother's thinking of me mighty hard," came from a long- 
legged youth who was looking soberly into the fire. 

"Let's give a rousing cheer for the folks at home, fellows — 
especially our mothers. We're ungrateful dogs, and we seldom 
tell 'em how much they do for us and how much we love 'em." 

Mother took the little sprite's hand. "It's hard to see — but 
that sounds like Sid's voice." 

As the little sprite nodded, there rose a mighty cheer. After- 
wards there was silence. Then as the embers grew dimmer a soft 
tenor voice struck up the old home song, and the other boys joined 
in huskily: 

" 'Mid pleasures and palaces, ;hough we may roam, 

Be it ever so humble, there is no place like home ; 

A charm from the sky seems to hallow us there 

Which seek through the world, is ne'er met with elsewhere. 

"Home, home, sweet, sweet horife, 

There is no place like home, there is no place like home." 

The little sprite beckoned to mother to follow her as the last 
note of the song sounded and "taps" vibrated over the camp. 

"We have a long jump now," she said. "Perhaps you're too 
tired?" 

Mother was feeling surprisingly revived and quite herself 
again. "No, no, I'm not tired. Let me see more." 



10 REI.n-.h SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

At kngth they came to a small village and entered a decrepit 
house in a wasted field. An old man lay on a sagging bed with a 
torn quilt pulled about him. A mother, with children clinging at 
her knee, sat with bowed head at a bare table. 

"Oh, mother. I'm so hungry. Just a little bread." pleaded a 
child of seven. 

"S-s-s-h !" cautioned her ten-year-old sister. "We must give 
our bread to grandpa." 

"Me's told, mummy — " the baby snuggled into his mother's 
arms to try to keep warm. 

"Look, someone is coming," whispered the sprite. 

At that moment a small lady carrying a big basket walked 
into the room. The occupants looked at her in stupefaction. 

"Here are some .presents for you," said the newcomer. She 
opened the basket and took out bread, cheese, canned meat and a 
bright-pieced quilt. The children stared at the food with bulging 
eyes, and the little boy clutched at the bread. "Here's a sweater 
for the baby and two dresses for the girls. I can bring you more 
things later." 

The woman at the table simply put down her head and .sobbed. 

"There, there, don't cry. These things are all for you. 
We're here to help you. Here's the. name of a lady in America 
who made these things for you and your children. 

"Watch closely," said the sprite, taking mother's arm. 

Mother looked at the quilt. It was her own. "Made by 
Marie Bentley." Her name was also on the tag attached to the 
clothes, just as she had given it to the committee. 

The woman finally raised her head and dried her eyes on 
her sleeve. 

"Then, it's true — ^they are coming to help us?" she asked 
breathlessly. 

"Yes, it's true. They are coming. They're sending food 
and clothes, they're building ships, they're building air machines, 
they're planting bigger crops, they're training men, and in the 
spring they'll — " 

Mother had a confused notion of someone shaking her and 
calling her by name. 

"Mother, Mother, wake up. It's the New Year and all the 
bells are ringing. 'Ring out the old, Ring in the new !' " 

"What, what," stuttered mother. 

"Poor dear, you are tired !" comforted father, lifting her from 
her chair. "But listen to the bells. 'Ring out the old. Ring in 
the new.' " 

"Yes. I'm awake. I hear them." In spite of which state- 
ment Mother was still living in her dream. 

"Ring in the new." she thought. Then out loud she finished. 
"Yes. we're coming, and we'll see it through !" 



Mothers in Israel. 



The picture of Mrs. Margaret Mclntyre Burgess was taken 
in 1868, and is redolent of those pioneer days. The strong, pa- 
tient features of this unsung heroine betrays the gentle courage 
and kindly diligence which made her a striking though modest 
figure in early pioneer times. We have secured from her a per- 
sonal sketch which reveals in every line the unspoken heroism 
and fortitude that were the basic elements of this good woman's 
character. Her little incidents concerning the Prophet Joseph 
Smith give an added touch of tender realism to the story she has 
told. 




REMINISCENCES OF :\l AKC.ARET MC INTIRE RURGESS. 



St. George, Utah, October 16, 1916. 
Dear Sister Susa Young Gates; I was born in 1837, in the 
state of Pennsylvania, coming from that state when three and a 
half years old with my parents, one brother older, and one, 
younger. Brother Erastus Snow brought the gospel to Pennsyl- 
vania, he being only 17 years old at that time, but he was a very 
fluent and g^ifted speaker even at that age ; my parents told me in 
later years, that he made his home at my father's while he was in 



12 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

that part of the country. My parents both embraced the gospel 
under his influence and teachings and were baptized by him in the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

At that time the Saints were gatliering at Xauvoo. 111., and 
my father wanted to gather and be with the Saints at that place, 
so he soon sold his property, what he did not give away, and 
started for Nauvoo. I think it was in the year 1840. ami there 
v/ere a good many Saints had gathered there at that time ; we 
traveled by land, as mother had such a fear of traveling by steam- 
boat, and father sent all our domestic goods, and a large stock of 
merchandise, by water. 

When we arriveri at Nauvoo, our things were stored in a 
large frame building, unfinished, owned by a gentleman by the 
name of George Telling, being on the corner of Main and Parley 
streets. !\Iy father bought it and had it finished up conif^rtablv 
and we lived there until the general expulsion of the Saints 
to the West. We left Nauvoo the first part of May, 1846, cross- 
ing the Mississippi in the evening while many Saints were ahead 
of us and some yet behind, but we had a goodly company. The 
morning we started on our journey to the Rocky Mountains, 
although but a child. I had to look back upon the beautiful temple 
of Nauvoo. it being on the hill. I could see it plainly as we jour- 
neyed westward ; the company all seemed so happy in traveling 
and cam])ing along our way. I flon't remember of any accident 
en the way ; of course, we met many Indians on our way. but 
they were friendly. 

We finally arrived at Council Rlults where there was a very 
large camo of the Saints, and it was there the word was received 
for our IMormon Battalion to go. Many men got ready to go. 
leaving their wives and children to the kind mercy of God and 
friends. When we broke up camp some crossed over the Mis- 
souri river to a place called, at that time. Winter Quarters (later 
Florence) while some of the camp stojiped on the east side of 
the river. 

My father with four other men with their families lived in a 
\A^ooded ravine where they each built a log cabin for their families, 
which made us very comfortable as the weather was getting cold. 
Jiist below our cabin was the Pottowatamie Indian village. :\\m\ 
just above us was their grist mill. They had some nice farms 
near their village and they were good and kind neighbors. Wild 
grapes grew in abundance on the side of the hills, and elderberries 
r.rid hazelnuts, all we wanted, and the Indians would bring us in 
wild honey for some nice thing we would have that they wanted. 

After wintering there, in the spring we crossed over the river 
to Winter Quarters and stayed there until President Young started 
for the Rocky Mountains, with his company, and he advised those 



MOTHERS IN ISRAEL. U 

who had not means to go on with, to g'O back over the river as 
the Indians were getting' bad and quarrelsome ; therefore we 
moved back. After he left we went to a place called Kanesville, 
named after General Kane, who was a great friend to the "Mor- 
mon" Church. So we all traveled back again and built us some 
more log cabins and a large log school house and a great many 
that were' not "Mormons" moved in there and helped to build up 
the place, and they built several stores and were pleasant people 
and agreeable. Orson Hyde was our president. Kanesville was 
a very pretty place in the spring of '49. 

Those who could get ready started out for the Great Salt 
Lake Valley the next season, but we still had to leave some of 
our company behind. Our company was composed of one hun- 
dred wagons, had a captain, Brother Orson Spencer, who had just 
returned from a mission to England, and then the company was 
•divided in two fifties, each with a captain. William Miller was 
one captain and Orson Hyde the other. We had some trouble 
with the Indians, the Pawnees ; they had been back to draw their 
money from the Government at a place called Sarpus Point, just 
below Kanesville, and the cholera had broken out there and many 
of the Indians took it and they traveled along with us quite a bit. 
only as they would take some cut-off; in fact, we had to pass 
through their village later as the road went through it. The 
consequence was five of our brethren died with the cholera. My 
father had it and two others came .down with it. 

Father felt so badly at the loss of the brethren that he 
dreamed of a cure and he tried it and then gave it to the other 
two who were likewise cured. We traveled hard to get out of 
that section, even late at night. My father had three wagons — 
one was entirely devoted to my mother and her little children, the 
side being opened and fixed in a frame to get out and in without 
fear. The company's family wagons were all made in that way. 
Our teams were mostly oxen. I drove a team across the plains 
and was only 12 years old. My brother two years older had to 
help drive loose cattle, sometimes through rivers, over mountains, 
and over the Black Hills, then down Emigration Canyon. 

We landed in the beautiful Salt Lake Valley, truly a haven 
of rest. We lived in the old fort the first winter, and in the 
spring my father bought a lot up in the town where City Creek 
ran through it at the back part of it ; in later years this part was 
known as the 16th ward. Frederick Kesler was our bishop. I 
v/as married in the spring of 1855 to Melanchton Burgess, and 
with his parents, brother and sister and my parents and their 
family and my own two little boys, we were called to Dixie in 
1861. Surely its inhabitants have made the desert to blossom like 
the rose, compared to otu- first entrance into St. George. The 



14 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

nttme of my father was William Patterson Mclntire ; my mother's 
name was Anna P. Mclntire, and she belonged to the first Relief 
Society that was organized in the Church, the Prophet Joseph 
Smith's wife Emma beino- the president. 

T must now tell you something- of my childish personal inci- 
dents at Nauvoo, our place being two blocks above the Nauvoo 
Mansion. We were close neighbors to the Prophet's family, and 
very intimate, too. The Prophet was often in our home for 
short visits. One morning lie came in and he noticed I had a piece 
of flannel around my throat. He inquired if my throat was sore. 
Mother told him it was. and she was afraid it was the mumps. 
He called me to him, took me upon his lap. took the flannel oflf 
and asked mother for the oil. He anointed my throat with the 
oil and then he administered to me. I knew I was well, as I got 
'down from his lap after which I felt no more sore throat — another 
proof of his tender, loving heart. 

One morning as we were on our way to school, my brother 
and I were forced to walk in some very muddy places as it had 
rained the previous night. The school was down near the river 
and there was one very l)a(l place we had to go through where 
v/e got stuck fast, and T began to cry, as did my little brother. I 
thought I would surely never get out, but on looking up, we saw 
the Prophet coming right for us. The crying soon ceased. He 
carried me out first and then my brother. He took his handker- 
chief out of his pocket, wiped the tears from our eyes and cleaned 
the mud off our shoes, all the time speaking comforting words 
to us, sending us on our way rejoicing, at the same time pointing 
out a safer way to get to the school liouse. Oh, our beloved 
Prophet, how deep were his sympathies and how bis kind heart 
yearned to do good. 

Now, let me tell you another incident before I stop. My 
mother had twin baby girls, and Aunt Emma, as we called her, 
(the Prophet's wife) had been confined, and her babe had died : 
soon after the birth the Prophet came in one morning and 
said, "Sister Mclntire, I have come to borrow one of your babies," 
and mother exclaimed, "Why, Brother Joseph, what do you want 
with one of my babies?" "Well," he replied, "I want one of 
them for my wife to comfort her only for a time." He talked 
with mother a while and she finally told him he could have one 
baby through the day time if he would bring it back nights, so 
the bargain was made and the Prophet smiled with gratitude. The 
twins were so much alike they could scarcely be told apart, but. 
of course, mother knew and their dispositions were not alike — 
('ve was a quick little thing and the other one was mild. My 
mother would set them in the double cradle, made high at each 



MOTHERS IN ISRAEL. 15 

end and low in the middle, and give each some playthings, and 
the quick one would take all the things away from the mild one. 
They were dressed exactly alike. One morning when the Prophet 
came for the baby, mother reached him the other baby. He took 
it and looked at it, kised it and handed it back and said, "Not my 
little Mary," &o mother reached him little Mary. He had always 
taken the little mild one — her name was Mary and the other one 
was Sarah. The Prophet would always bring the baby up himself 
at night. One night he did not come as usual and mother went 
down and found the baby was crying. Brother Joseph was sitting 
by the fire trotting it. He had it wrapped up in a little silk quilt, 
preparatory to starting out with it. When mother went in it 
reached its hands to her. When she took it the baby soon was 
still. When mother started back the Prophet took the baby from 
her and walked up home with her. When Aunt Emma's health 
returned, our baby came home to stay. When she was able to 
walk she came often to see baby Mary, as our home was only two 
blocks from the Mansion. 



This dear sister closes her interesting reminiscences with the 
following brave words : 

I have been confined to my bed for most three years, not 
being able to use my lower limbs on account of severe rheumatism. 
Last summer I walked some with crutches, but I have not been 
able to walk this summer. I have to be lifted on a chair when 
I have my bed made, but my heavenly Father has allowed me to 
have the use of my arms and hands. I can sew and knit, read 
and write, which is a great comfort to me. 

Well, dear sister, I hope I have not tired you. 
Respectfully, 

Margaret McIntire Burgess. 

ansine marie larsen peterson. 

Ansine Marie Larsen Peterson was born in the northern part 
of Denmark, Sept. 3, 1845. Her parents belonged to the work- 
ing class. She began earning her living at the age of nine years 
by herding stock and tending babies. She began school at the 
age of seven years, going to school in the winter, until she was 
thirteen years of age. She accepted the gospel as taught by the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-dav Saints and was baptized 
Feb. 17, 1857. 

Sister Peterson emigrated to Utah in 1866, crossing the 
ocean in an old sailing vessel formerly used to carry cattle, but 
which had been condemned for that purpose, and was cleaned up 



16 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



and considered good enough to carry a company of "Mormons." 
She met and married James Peterson, June 10, 1866, on the At- 
lantic ocean, Sam Sprague officiating. She was driven from home 
on account of having accepted the gospel. The company left 
Hamburg in the ship Kenniltvorth, May 21-22, and arrived in 
Salt Lake City, September 30 or October 1 of the same year. 
The ox-team in which she crossed the plains was led by Captain 
Rollings of Cottonwood, now known as Holliday. It was intended 
for this family to go north, but the company from Cache Valley 




MRS. ANSINE L. i'hlhK.>^ON AND FOUR GENERATIONS. 

left the day before, and there being no other means of travel 
at that time, and as they could not speak nor understand 
the English language, they remained in and around the city. 
Finally the Petersons acquired a little home in what was at that 
time Mill Creek, now Wilford ward. The couple had ten children, 
two (twins) died in premature birth. Brother Peterson died in 
May, 1879, leaving his wife and seven children. Two months 
later, in July and August, both mother and children were stricken 
with diphtheria. Three of the children died at that time. Two 
years and a few months later Sister Peterson married again and 
had one child in that marriage. Death took some more of the chil- 
dren as time went on, and there are but three living now. One 
of the three children has seven children, another has twelve and 
the other has one child. There are three great grand children. 



MOTHERS IN ISRAEL. 17 

Sister Peterson and her husband were sealed in the Endow- 
ment House, in 1869. She became a member of the Relief Soci- 
ety, in 1877-8, and was appointed a teacher soon after. She was 
second counselor in one of the Primary Associations of the ward 
(Mill Creek). After the Sunday School was organized (1893) 
in the present Wilford ward, Sister Peterson was one of the first 
teachers appointed and set apart, and has since labored in the Re- 
lief Society, Primary, Sunday School, and Religion Class, both 
in Utah and Idaho, and was also a member of the Y. L. M. I. A., 
has worked a little at genealogy, has attended to temple work 
since 1906, and has been a proxy since Sept. 26, 1913. 

There is no sweeter, tenderer spirit ever tabernacled in the 
flesh than Sister Peterson, one more unselfish, more devoted to 
God and his kingdom. She is a charming representative of the 
splendid old Scandinavian stock, an Israelite in whom there is no 
guile. No matter how cold the day or hot the weather, it is just 
right for her. She greets everyone with a smile, trusts humanity 
till she wins honest and fair dealing from the most careless and 
slothful, loves life, man, and God with all the ardor of a true 
follower of Christ. 



WHERE HAPPINESS IS FOUND. 

Morag. 

In little courtesies. 

In little kindnesses. 

In pleasant words. 

Facing life with a smile. 

Making others happy. 

In friendly letters. 

In good wishes. 

In mutual confidence. * 

In companionship of good books. 

In healthful recreation. 

In cultivating the mind. 

In work that we love. 

In a clean conscience. 

In doing duty cheerfully. 

In unselfish service. 

In doing one's best. 

In the work of the Lord. 

In Relief Society activities. 

In undaunted faith in God and keeping His commandments. 



^iiiinininiiniiMiiiiiiuHiiiiiiHiiiiniiiiiMiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMMiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiHiiiiNiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiu 




CECELIA 

With eyes downcast, demure as any saint, 
Each feature bearing some fair gift of grace. 
All gently pure, without a selfish taint. 
So we remember that sweet vanished face. 
O, short the time as we do count the years. 
As only yesterday that past it seems. 
When she did neither know life's cares nor tears. 
Lost in the visions of her maiden dreams. 
Then what a rapture in love's olden tale. 
The spoken words that made a happy wife, 
Then golden hours within the mystic vale, 
And priceless jewels in the crown of life: 
Supernal clear that realm of peace is now. 
In which she dwells, the light upon her brow. 

Alfred Lambourne. 



^iiiitiiiimiiniuiiimiMniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiinininriiniiiiiiiiiinininiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiMMiniiniiiiiniiiiiniiiniMimiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiimMiiiiiiiinn 



Unusual Mothers. 

MARY ANN FINCH. 
MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mary Ann Finch is a resident of Goshen, Utah. She was 
born in Browmag-e, Staffordshire, England, September 11, 1856. 
She embraced the gospel and came to this country alone at the 
age of fifteen years. She was married to Hyrum Finch, in 1875, 
by President Joseph F. Smith, and is the mother of seventeen 
children, fifteen having grown to manhood and womanhood. This 
is indeed a remarkable family, all being staunch Latter-day Saints 




MRS. MARY ANN FINCH. 

and good, honest men and women. One son is at present on a 
mission in the Central States, one is president of the Religion 
Class of Tintic stake, one is first counselor to the bishop of Goshen, 
and another one joined the navy. A daughter is president of the 
Relief Society of Tintic stake, and nearly all hold some minor 
offices in the Church. 

Sister Finch is a teacher in the Relief Society ; has the best 
of health, and is ever willing with her service in sickness or 
trouble. It can in truth be said that she is indeed an unusual 
mother. 



20 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



EVALINE DUNN HUNSAKER. 

MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

The subject of this brief sketch is certainly an unusual mother. 
Great has been her mission here on earth and well and faithfully 
has she performed the same. 

Evaline Dunn was born September 12, 1853, in Brigham City, 
Utah, her father Simeon A. Dunn being- one of the first settlers 
of Brigham City, and who lived in the Old Fort together with 
President Lorenzo Snow and others. Her mother was Harriet 
Atwood Silver who joined the Church in Lowell, Mass., and 
leaving all her family and friends for the gospel's sake she went 
to Winter Quarters where she met and married Simeon A. Dunn. 
They emigrated to Utah in 1848. Seven children were born to 
them — ^three sons and four daughters, viz., Sarah S., Simeon A., 
Emaline and Evaline (twins), Charles Q., Harriet and Henry 
who were also twins. 

Harriet Atwood Silver Dunn died Jan. 1, 1858, leaving her 
seven children without a mother's care. 

Evaline was only four years old at the time of her mother's 
death. She with the other children were left to the care of their 
father and his older sister (Susannah Dunn), whose mother was 




MRS. EVALINE DUNN HUNSAKER AND HUSBAND. 



UNUSUAL MOTHERS 21 

also dead, and who was only fourteen years of age when these 
little brothers and sisters were left to her care. 

In the midst of poverty, the hard times and privations inci- 
dent to the early pioneer life in Utah, the children all young— -were 
subjected to a life of hardship that may be imagined only by 
persons acquainted with such .scenes. 

On Oct. 5, 1868, in the Endowment House, Salt Lake City, 
Evaline was united for time and for eternity to Allen Collins Hun- 
saker. Soon after her marriage, she moved with her husband to 
Honeyville, where they lived for about eleven years, when they 
settled in Elwood, Utah, being among the first settlers and again 
pioneering a new country. Her husband was a farmer and sheep 
man. He was presiding elder of the branch for over ten years 
and always received encouragement and help from his wife. 

Seventeen children were born to them, namely, Simeon A., 
Lewis, Eva L., Lily M., Emaline M., Harriet V., Ethel, Adeline 
(who died in infancy). La Titia, Margaret, Susie, Aleen, Nephi 
(died at two years), Oscar (died at three weeks), Lorenzo S., 
Amy, and Harold (died in infancy). Thirteen of the seventeen 
children born to them are now grown to maturity and all except 
one (Lorenzo S.) are married and have all had that ordinance 
performed in the temple. 

Surely the teachings, the example, the loving counsel of our 
parents have not been in vain. 

The writer has this to say: If I ever do anything wrong in 
this life, if I do not keep the commandments given to us as mem- 
bers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, it will 
not be because my mother or father have failed to teach me, both 
by example and precept, every principle of the gospel. Oh, I am 
so grateful for my parents. If I can only be half as good as my 
mother, how happy I will be ! 

Sister Evaline is a faithful member of the Church, bemg a 
worker in the ward Relief Society and helping in every way she 
can. She is the grandmother of 74 children and has four great- 
grandchildren. 

Besides rearing her own family she now has three of her 
grandchildren whose father (Simeon A.) died in 1902 and their 
mother in 1904. She has taken these children, the oldest bemg 
seven years old, and cared for them until they are now grown to 
young manhood and womanhood. The eldest, Simeon V. Hun- 
saker, has enlisted at our country's call and is training in the navy 
Two of her sons, S'meon A., and Lewis have filled honorable mis- 
sions, the first to Germany and the latter to England. 

For almost forty-nine years she has been a constant com- 
panion, a true and devoted wife and a loving mother. Long may 
she yet remain to be a source of inspiration to her po<^terity. 

Aleen Hunsaker Thomas. 



->7 



RELIEI' SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



MRS. SUSANNAH C. HEAPS-PORTER. 
MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mrs. Susannah C. Heaps-Porter was born March 15, 1867, in 
Panaca, Nevada. Her marriage occurred March 8, 1882, in the 
St. George temple. Her present place of residence is Escalante, 
Garfield county, Utah. She is a Relief Soc'ety worker and faith- 



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MRS. SUSANNAH C. PORTER. 

ful member. She is very active, has good health, and looks out 
upon life with a cheerful gaze. 

Among the sick she is a tower of strength. She was married 
when she was fifteen years old, and is the mother of .seventeen 
children — seven boys and six girls still living. Four boys and 
four girls are married. There are twenty-seven grandchildren. 

Such are the brief annals of a full and devoted life. 



Let us be thankful for the fools. But for them the rest of 
us could not succeed. 

Few things are harder to put up with than the annoyance 
of a good example. 



A 200-Year Calendar: 



Many people have an interest in knowing upon what day of the week 
they were born. Others like to ascertain upon what particular day of the 
week fell a date of some event in the past, or upon what day of the week 
some occasion in the future will occur. To make it possible for Relief 
Society Magazine readers to ascertain these things for themselves this 
calendar, extending over two hundred years, is here given. 

The calendar extends from 1776 to 1978. 



Directions — Look for the year 
you want in one of the columns of 
the Index headed "Yr." Opposite 
the year is the number of the Cal- 
endar for that year. The Calendar 
itself, with the number over it, will 
be found below. 

Example — A person born on the 
16th of June, 1825, wishes to find 
what day of the week his birthday 
occurred. He finds 1825 in one of 
the columns headed "Yr." in the In- 
dex. Opposite 1825 in the column 
headed "No." is the number 7. He 
consults Calendar No. 7 and finds 
the 16th of June came on Thursday. 



Mo. 1. 



1 2i 3| 4 

8 9:10 11 

ISiieilT 18 
22|23pji25 
29I30I31I... 



12113114 

19;20i21 
26|27i28 



21 3 4 
9 lO'U 

16|17 18 
23I24 25 
30l. J... 



12 13 14; 15 
19 2021 
26 27128 



2 3 4 
9 10111 
16 17 18 
23 24 2.5 
30'3lL.. 



12 13 
1920 



OCTOBEE. 



11 2| 31 4 

8 9;1011 

15 16'17'18 

22 23i24i25 
"29 3031 ... 



13 14 
20I21 

27 28 



FEBKL'ARY. 



S M 



T 1 F S 



11 21 3| 4 
5 6 71 8] 9 10 11 
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 
19,20 21 22|23,24|2o 
261271281 



ri: 



MAY. 



-I li 2| 3; 4 
7 8 9 10 11 

14 15 16 17,18 

21 22I23I24 25 
28 29i30|31 ... 



12|13 

19120 
26 



ACeCST. 



...I...| 1| 2| 31 4| 1 
6 7 8 9;1011il: 
13 14 15 16il7|18,19 
20!21|22'23 24,25(26 
2S|29 30 31 .. 



''a: 



.NOVEMBEK. 

3 4 



121 131 14; 15 

19|20l2ll22 
26 27 28|29 



9,10 11 
1617 18 
23,24 2o 
30 .. 



S M : T W I T F 



...'...!.. -I 1 21 3 
5; 6 7' 8' 9 10 
12 '13 14 15 16 17 
19 20;21,22 23 24 
26127 '28 29 30 3ll 



JUNE. 



...|...|... ... 1, 2 3 

4 5 6 7 8i 9 10 
11 112' 13 14^15 16 17 
18 19 20, 21 122 23 24 
25'26 27 28,29 30... 



SEPTEMBER. 



10 Hll2 13 

17il8l 19120 
24 25126 27 



14 15 

21 22 

28 29 



DECEMBEB. 



3' 41 5' 6 7 8 
10 11 12 13 14 15 
17|18 19 20 21 22 
24i25|26,27 28 29 



4i:ui^,z 



INDEX. 


Tr 


No. Tr. No.,Tr. No .Yr. Nc^Yr. No. Yr 


No. Yr. No. 


1776. 


g'iSOo.. a'lS-U.. 4 18«3.. 5 1892..13,192l. 


7 1-J30. 1 


1777. 


4'1806.. 4 18:i-i.. i 1864. .13 


1393.. 1,1922. 


. 11951.. 2 


1778. 


S'lSOT.. i lMfi..l3 18«5.. I 


19'P4. 2 192). 


. 2 19.32. 10 


1779. 


fi't808..iri'a7.. I 


18IW.. 2 


1893.. .1 1924. 


10 19.33.. 5 


17S0. 


U,18W.. 1 1838. 2 


1867.. :j 


1896.. 11 


192.1. 


5 1954.. 6 


1781. 


2 1810 2!l839.. 3 


1168. .11 


1897.. 6 


1926. 


6 1935. 7 


1782. 


3 1811.. 3 1-VW..11 


186!).. 6 


1898.. 7 


1927. 


7 1956 8 


1783. 


. 4!l812..1i:i841.. 6 


1870.. 7 


1899.. 1 


192H. 


8 1937. 3 


1781. 


I2IISI3.. 6,1342.. 7 


1371. 1 


1900.. 2 


1929. 


3 1958. 4 


1785. 


. 7 1314.. 7l|8t3.. 1 


1872.. 9 


1901.. 3 1930. 


. 4 1939. 5 


1786. 


. 1 1816. 11844.. 9 


1873.. 4 


1902.. 4 1931. 


. 5 1960.. 13 


1787. 


. 2 1816.. 9 1845. 4 


1874.. 5 


1903.. 5'1932. 


.13 1%1.. 1 


1788. 


.10 1817. 4 1816.. 5 


1873.. 6 


1904. .13, 19.33. 


. 1 1%2.. 2 


1789. 


. 3 1318.. 3 1847.. 6 


1876. .14 


1903.. 1 1934. 


2 1963. 3 


1790. 


. 6 1919.. 6ll348..14 


1877.'. 2 


1906.. 2 1933. 


. 3 1964. .11 


1791. 


. 7;lS20..1t 1*49. 2 


1878. 3 


1907.. 3,1936. 


.11 1965. 6 


1792. 


. 8 1821.. 2,1350.. 3 


1879.. 4ll90S..ll,I937. 


. 6 1966.. 7 


1793. 


. 3 1322.. 3II80I.. 4 


1880. 12' 1909.. 6 1938. 


. 7 1967. 1 


1794. 


. 4 1323. 4 1332. .12 1881. 7 1910.. 71939. 


1 1963. 9 


1795. 


. 3 1324.. 12 1853.. 711882. 11911. 11940. 


. 9 l%9. 4 


1796. 


.13 1325.. 7,1854.. I'lSSS.. 2 1912. 9 1941. 


4 1970. 5 


1797. 


. 1 I8,'6. 1 1S53.. 2 1884. 10 1913. 4 1942. 


5 1971.. 6 


1798. 


. 2 I3J7.. 2 1856..1011883. 5ll9U.. 6 1943. 


6 1972.. 14 


1799 


. 3 1 328, JLO, 1557.. 51886.. 6 1913. 6 1944. 


.14 1973.. 2 


1800. 


. 4 1829.. 5'185S. e:i887.. 7 1916..14 104o. 


. i-l.^f*. . 5 


I80I. 


. 3 1810.. 61839.. 7 1888.. 8 1917.. 2 1946. 




1802. 


. 6!l831.. 7 13(».. 81889.. 3 1918.. 3 1947. 


. 4 1976. .U 


isai. 


. 7ll832.. 8;i861.. 3 1890.. 4 1919.. 4 1948. 


.12 1977.. T 


1804. 


. 8ll833.. 311862.. 4ll891.. 5 1920. .12 1949. 


. 7 1978.. 1 



IMo. 



J.\.\UAKY. 



14 15 

2122 
28'29 



U 12 13 14 15 

18 19]202ll22 
25l26!27|28 



AI^ILm 



1, 2| 31 4; 51 61 7 
8 9 U) 11112 13 14 
15 16 17 18 19'20 21 
22. 2<> 24 25 26 27 28 

29'30 ...... ...1... ... 



JULY. 



11 21 31 4 
8l 9:10 II 
1516 17 18 
22'23l24'2d 
29 30 31:- . 



12 13 14 
192021 

26 27128 



OCTOBER. 



3 4 



■•, d| 9'1iJ 11,12 13 
14 15'l6ll7 18 19, a 
21 22J23124 2.5-26:'r 

28 29 301311, ..1.. 



FEBRUARY. 



6 7 
13 14 

20:21 
•27 28 



2| 3i 4, 
9IO1II 
16 17il8 
23 24 25 
30 3l|... 



13 14115 16 
20'21 "22 23 

27i28|29 30 



10 11 
17I18 

24125 



NOVEMBER. 

...:. .•..,:...l 1 21 3 

4' 5] 61 7 8 9 10 
II1I2, 13114 15 16 1 
I8'19,20 21:22 23 2 
■25 26127 28129 30 . 



S jM T W T F I* 



11 12 13 14 

18 1920|21 
25l26i27 28 



1 2 3 
8 9 10 
15 16 17 

22123124 
29 30 31 



...l...|...|...| 11 2 
4 5 6 7 8| 9 
H|12il3'l4:15 16 
IS 19,20 21:22 23 
24 25 26 27,28 29 30 



SEPTEMBER. 



2 3 

9 10 
16 17 
2324 
30'... 

DECEMBER. 



...I 1 
7 8 
14 15 

2122 
28 29 



2 3 4 5 
9110 1112 
16 17 18119 
23|24!25-26 
30I3II...I... 



6 7 
13114 
2021 

27128 



24 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



IMO. 3. 1 


JANL'AKY. 


FEBRCARV. 


MARCH. 1 


s m;T|W|t,f|s 


S M 


T W T|F|S 


S M 


T 


w 


T F 


s 


8 7 


12 3 4 5 
8 9 10 11 12 






1 "2 
8 9 





~ 


~ 




2 
9 


3 4 


5 6 7 


3 4 


5 


6 


7 8 


13,14 


15 IB 17 18 18 


10 11 


12 13 14|15|16 


10 11 


12 


1.1 


14 15 


16 


20 21122 23|a»i25l2fi 


17 18 


19 20 21 22 23 


17 18 


19 


20 


?i rf 


?,3 


27 28 29 30 31 ... ... 


24 25 26|27|28|..,|... 


■24 25 
3lL. 


26 


27 


28 29 


30 


APRIL. 


MAY. 


JUNE. 1 


-1 Jl 21 3 
7 8 9 10 


4 
11 


5, 6 
12 13 


5 ri '7 


1 2 3] 4 
8 9 10,11 








1 


2 


3 


4 


5 6 7 


8 


HjIS 16 17 


IH 


19,20 


12 13114 


15 16 17,18 


9 


M 


11 


121314 15 


21 22 23 24 


■25 


26 27 


19 20121 


22 23 24 2o 


16 


17 


18 


19202I]22 


28 29:30... 




...|... 


26 27 '28 


■29 30 31 ... 


23 
.30 


''.'' 


26127 28 29 


JULY. 


AUGPST. 


SEPTEMBER. | 


... 1| 21 3 4i 5| 6 




1. . 


1 


2 


^ 


1 


2 


31 4| 51 61 71 


7 8 9,10 llll2 


13 


4 


5 '61 7 


H 


9 


10 


8 


9 


:0 1l!l2'l3|l4| 


14 15|16 17 18 


19 


20 


II 


12 13114 


15 


16 


17 


IS 


16 


17 


18 19 20 21 


21 22|23 24 V, 


■26 


27 


18 


19 20 21 


•22 


•a 


24 


•22 


•A3 


'24 


•25 26 27 28 . 


28 29 30!.fl .. 






25 


5K 97 ?J< 


•HI 


tn 


31 


■29 30 






r.i 1. c: 






OCTOBKR. 


NOVEMBER. 


DECEMBER. 1 


li -.il 3 


4 


■S 


...■ ll 2 


1 21 3; 4 


5| 6 


7 


6 7 


» 9 10 


11 


12 


3 4 5 6 7 8 9 


8 9110 11 


12|13 


14 


13 14 


15 Ifi 17 


IH 


19 


10 11 12 13 14 15 16 


15 16117 18 


19'20 


•21 


20 21 


22-23 21 


2.=> 


•2H 


17 18 19 20 21 22,2:) 


■22 23 24 25 


26 '27 


•2« 


27 2S 


29|30!3I 






24 25126 S'iS 291.30 


29 30I3I 1... 





Mo. ^. 1 


JANUARY. ; FEBRUARY. 


MARCH. 1 


s 


M T 


w 


T f s 


s 


M T W T 


F 


s 


8 M 


T 


W T F S| 


5 


(5 "i 


1 

8 


2 3 4 
9 10 11 






"~ 


1 

8 


"* ~ 


~ 




1 


2 


3 4 5 6 


7 


2 3 


4 


5 6 7 


8 


12 


13 14 


15 


16 17 18 


9 


10 11 12 13 


14 


15 


9 10 


11 


12 13 14 15 


19 


■2n'2i 


22 


23 24 25 


16 


17 18 19 20 


21 


•22 


16 17 


18 


19120 21 22 


26 27128129 


30131 ... 


•23 


24 25126 27 


•28 




■23r24 


■25 


26|2V|28 29 


...I...I...I... 




'...'...1... 






:io'3i 




... ...1 


APRIL. 


MAY. 


JUNE. 1 




... 1 2l 3 


4 5 


1 I 


I^ 3 


1 21 3 


4 5 6 71 


6 


7 8 9 10 


11 12 


4 5 6 7 


8 9 10 


8 9 10 


11 12 13 


14 


13 


14 15 16 17 


IS 19 


11 12 13114 


15 16 17 


15 16 17 


18 19 20 


21 


■20 


21 ■22 23 24 


•2i5'26 


18 19 •20J21 


22 23 24 


22 23'24 


25 26 27 


'28 


•27 


■28i29!30 ... 




25 1 '26 1 •i?! ■28 


29 30131 


■29.30I... 


...1 


... 


JULY. 


AUGUST. 


SEPTEMBER. | 


■"« "i 


ll 2 


3 
10 


4 5 
11 12 






11 2 
8 9 


'7 


1 2 
8 9 


3 
10 


4 
11 


5 
12 


6 
13 


8 


9 


3 


4 


5 6 7 


13 14 


15 


16 


17 


18 19 


10 


11 


12 13 14115 16 


14 


15 16 


17 


18 


19 


'20 


20^21 


'22 


'23 


•24 


•25 '26 


17 


18 


19 20 21 22 23 


21 


'22'2;i 


■24 


'25 


'26 


'27 


27 28 ■29 


30 


31 


...... 


•24 
31 


•25 


26 27 28 29 30 


'28 


•29I3O 










OCTOBER. 


NOVEMBER. 


DECEMBER. | 


"5 


6 


7 


1 2' 3! i 




1 

8 


... 1 2| 3 4 
7 8 9 10 11 


51 6 
12 13 


S 9 


10 11 


2 3 


4 5 6 7 


12 


13 


14 


15 16 


17 If 


9I1O 


11 12 13 14 15 


14 15 16 17118 


19 20 


IS 


•211 


21 


'.H '23 


•24 '2,5 


16 17 


18 19 20;21 22 


21 22 23^125 


'26 27 


•2(1 


'27 


■^ 


•29;i0 


31 ... 


•23 24 


25 '26 271 ■28 29 


'28 29 30 311... 








30l... 







IMo. S. 1 


JANUARY. 


FEBRUARY. 


MARCH. 1 


s 


M T W 


T F 8 


3 M 


T |W 


T F 


s 


9 


M 


T 


w 


T F 8 




~ 


1 2 3 


1 2 


3 4 


5 6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 6 7 


4 


'5 6 7 


8 9 10 


8 9 


10 11 


12 13 


14 


8 


« 


1(1 


11 


12 13 14 


11 


12 13 14 


15 16 17 


15 16 


17 18 


19 20]21 


15 16 


17 


18 


19 20 21 


18 


19)20 21 


22 23 24 


•22 'a 


'24 '25 


26 27|28 


■22'2;< 


•24l'25 


26 27 28 


25 


2SI27I28 


29 30 31 




...... 


.d...l... 


29I3O 


3ll... 


...1 


APRIL. 


MAY. 


JUNE. 1 


|...| 1 

5 6 7 8 


2 
9 


3 
10 


4 
11 


1 




. .1... 1 


2 
9 


'7 


ll 2| 3 4 
8 9 10 11 


5 

12 


6 
13 


3 4 


5 


6 7 8 


12 13 14 15 


16 


17 


IH 


10 11 


12 


13 14 15116 


14 


15il6 17 18 


19 


'20 


19 20 21 22 


■a 


'24 


'25 


17 IS 


19 


20 21 22 23 


21 


2212324 25 


•26 


'27 


26 '27 -28 29 


30 






•24 1*25 
3ll... 


26|'27 28|-29l30 


'28 


29 30... ... 






JULY. 


AUGUST. 


SEPTEMBER. | 


1... 1 2 3 

5 6| 7 8 9 10 


4 
11 




I'll 


1 

8 


"e, 


...1 ll 21 3 
7 81 9:10 


41 5 
11 12 


2 


3 4| 5 6 7 


12 13 14 15 16 17 


18 


9 


10 1l!l2 13ll4'15 


13 


14'l5,16 1" 


18 19 


19 20121 22123 24 


■n> 


16 


17 18119 20121,22 


■ri\ 


211^22 23 24 


'2.5 '26 


26 27 'is 29 30 31 




•23 
30 


24/25 26 27 1 28 '29 

31I...I...I...I ..1... 


27 


28 29 30:... 




OCTOBER. 


NOVEMBER. 


DECEMR 


ER. 


i.., ...| ll 2 


? 


11 2i 3 4, 5i 61 7 


, .1... 1| 2| 3 


4| b 


4 d| A T a e 


10 


el e|iuiii|i^lU|M 


6l 7 St 


Id 


lit 12 


11 l'2ll3 14 15 16 


17 


15 


16 17 18 19:2021 


13|14 15 16 


17 


18 19 


18 19 20 -21 22 2S 


•M 


•22 


2;! ^24 -2.5 26 '■27 2S 


20 '21 '22 25 


•2A 


■25|'26 


25 26 27 23 ^29 ;« 


31 


■29 


30,J..,j,..l...... 


27 28 ^29 30 


31 


:t:: 



IMo. S. 



JANUARY. 



10 11 12 13 

17 18 1920 

24 251-26 27 



14 IS 16 

21 22 '23 
28 29 30 



APRIL. 



4 S 6 7 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 

18 1920,21 -22-23 24 

25'-26'-27 -28 29 30 ... 



JULY. 



11 12 13 14 

18 19-20 21 

25 1 -26! '27 -28 



9110 
16 17 

23 24 
30!31 



OCTOBER. 



10 11 

17118 
24-25 



12 13 
19 20 

26,27 



11 2 
8 9 
15 16 
22 23 
29 30 



FEBRUARY. 



F IS 



... 1| 2i 3| 4 5! 
7 8[ 9:10,11,12113 
14ll5 t6|l7:18|l9,20 
21,22 23 24 25,26 27 

■28...1...!,..!... . 



HAY. 



■21 3 4 5 6 
9 10 11 12 13 

16 17 18 19 20 
■23 24 25 26 27 

30I31I... I .,!,., 



AUGUST. 



II 2| 31 4 
8 mo 11 
15 16 17 18 

22 23|24 -25 
29'.^»!3I . 



6 61 7 
13 14 
2021 

27 28 



NOVEMBER. 



2 i3| 4i 5| 6 
9 10111 12 13 
16 17 18 1920 

23 24 25 26 27 
30'... ...... ... 



t I «. T I F|8 



1 2 3 

8 9 10 

15 16 17 

21 22 23124 

28.29,30 31 



4 s e 

11 12 13 

18 i9'ao 

25 26,27 



JUNE. 



7 8 9 1011 
14 15 16|l7 18 

2l!22|23.24|25 
-28,-29.30 .. 



SEPTEMBER. 



2 

51 61 71 8| 9 
12 13 14 15116 

19 20l2li22i23 
26 2728 29 30 



DECEMBER. 



12 13 
1920 

26 27 



2; 3 
9110 
16117 
23124 
30 31 



IMo. -r. 1 


JANUARY. 


FEBRUARY. 


MARCH. 1 


8 


M T W 


T 


1 


a 


8 


M T 


w 
~2 


3 


t 
"4 


s 


8 M 


T W T F 

1 2 8~i 


• 


2 


3 4 5 


6 


7 


8 


6 


7 8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


« 7 


8 »10U 


W 


9 


10 11 12 


13 


14 


15 


13 


14 15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


13 14 


16 16 17 18 


It 


16 


17 18 19 


•20 


21 '22 


•20 


21 '22 


•a 


24 


25 


26 


'20 '21 


22 23'24 2S 

¥> 30131 ... 


ai 


'23 
30 


2125 26 


•n 


•28 '29 


'27 


'28 












'27 28 




31 ...1... ... 












APRIL. 


MAY. 


JUNK. 






1 


2 


1 


2 


3 41 51 6 


7 


1 


2 3 4 


3 4 5 


6 


7 8 


9 


8 


9 


10 11 12 13 


14 


6 6 7 8 


9^0)1 


10 11 12 


13 


14 15 


16 


15 


16 


17 18 1920 


'21 


12 13 14 15 


16^ 18 


17 18 19 


•JO 


21 '22 


•a 


•22 


U 


24 25 26127 


'28 


19 20 21 22 


-23 24 28 


U -25 26 


•27 


'28-29 


30 


-29 


30 


3lL..i...i,.. 




28 27 28-29 


30l 


JULY. 


AUGUST. 


SEPTEMBER.] 












1 ? 


'7 


1 


21 3 
9 10 


4 
11 


51 6 


■4 


5 6 7 


8 9 


111 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


12 


13 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


14 


15 


16 17 


18 


19 


'20 


11 


n 13 14 


15 16 


17 


17 


18 


19 


'2(1 


'21 


•22 


■a 


21 


'22 


■a '24 


'25 


■2fi 


'27 


18 


19 20 21 


•22 '23 


24 


'24 
31 


'25 


•26 


'27 


'28 


•29 


30 


•28 


'29 


30 31 








25 


26 27 28 


'29 30 




OCTOBER. 


NOVEMBER. 


DECEMBER. 










1 

8 


"6 


... 1 

7 8 


2 3i 4 


5 
12 


■4 "5 


6 


7 


1 
8 


2 
9 


8 

10 


2 


3 


4 


5 6 


7 


910 


11 


9 


10 


11 


12 13 


14 


15 


13 


14 15 


16 17 


18 


19 


11 12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


r? 


16 


17 


18 


19 '2(1 


'21 


•a 


•2(1 


21 '22 


'2:1 1 '24 


'2.5 


26 


181ij 


'20 


21 


'22 


•a 


-u 


23 


'21'25 


'26 '27 


28 


'29 


•27 


'28 '29 


301... 






'25 26 


27 


'28i'29 


30 


31 


30 


31I...I...I...I... 








...1... 






-'-'-■■■■'-'-'- 



IMo. 8. 1 




JANUARY. 


FEBRUARY. 


MARCH. 1 


8 


M T W 


T F 8 


8 M 


T W T F 8 


8 H 


T|W T f 


1 


1 


2 3 4 


5 6 7 




...1234 




I 2 


S 


8 


9 10 11 


12 13 14 


5 6 


7 8 9 10 11 


4 6 


6 7 8 9 


10 


15 16 17 18 


19 20 CI 


12 13 


14 15 16 17 18 


11 12 


13 14 15 16 


17 


22,23 24,25 -26!27|28 


19 '20 


21 22 23 24 25 


18 19 


20 21 22 23 


'24 


29l30 3ll...l...|...|... 


•261-27 


28i29 1... 


■25 '26 


27128 29301311 


APRIL. 


MAY. 


JUNE. 1 




2 
9 




<j R 


7 




1 2| a 


4 5 










1 


1 


8 


10 


11 


n 


13 


14 


6 


7 8 9 


10 


11 12 


3 


4 5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


13 


14 15 16 


17 


18 19 


10 


11 12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


?? 


m 


24 


25 


26 


'27 


'28 


'20 


21 22 23 


'24 


'25 '26 


17 


18 19 


'20 


21 


'22 





29 


v\ 












'27 


28-29 30 


31 




'24 


25 26 27 


'28 


•a 


.m 


1 












...!..| 


JULY. 


AUGUST, 


SEPTEMBEl 


*■ 


1 2| 3| 4, 5| 61 7 
8 9I1OIII 12 13!l4 






2i 3 


4 




...I... 




5 6 


7 


8 


9,10 


11 


2 31 4 


5 


6 7 8 


15 16' 171 18 19 20121 


12 13 


14 


15 


I6|l7 


1« 


9 10 11 


12 


13|l4;15 


22 2:i|-24l2oi26 27 -28 


19 '20 


21 


'SI 


'23|'24 


'25 


16 17;18 


19 


20 2122 


2913031 ... 


-26-27 


■28 


'29 


3031 




23 24 '25 

30 ...1... 


-26 


27i28,29 


OCTOBER. 


NOVEMBER 


~? 


OECEMB 


CR. 












"■7I 8 91!) 11 12|l3 


4| 5 6 7 81 9 10 


2 3 4 5 6 


7! 8 


14 15!l6 17 18il9-2(l 


ii!i2 uln'isiie 17 


9|lO'll 12 13 


14|15 


21,-2-2i-23i24i2i5'-26 -27 


l8ll9,-2U'21i-22,-23 2-1 


16 17>I8 19 20 


21i'22 


2»r29i30 3l|...i...i.-. 


-25 1-26 -27 [28 -29:50 ... 


2:j'24 '25,26127 


28i29 


...|...l...l...'...l...l... 


...i...l...|. ..'... I-..'. . 


30l3l|...l...l 1 



A 200-YEAR CALENDAR. 



25 



INIO. &. 1 


JAIVUAKV. 


FEBRUARY. 


M ARC II. 

S|M| T| w, T, f |S 


• 


M 


t 1 w 


T f 1 S 


s 


m 


T|W 


T 


r 


s 


"i 


1 

8 


2 3 
9110 


4 5 
11 12 


6 
1.1 


4 


"5 


6 


7 


1 

8 


2 
9 


3 
1( 


'3 


4 


~ 


~ 


~ 


1 

A 


2 
9 


ft 


6 


7 




16 


16 IV 


IH v. 


■X 


II 


12 


1: 


H 


1ft 


16 


17 


10 




V? 


rt 


I4|l.6 


16 


■a. 


22 


TA 'M 


■25 2K 


■27 


1.- 


U 


■2f 


21 


■X! 


V 


24 


17 


18 


19 


■At 


2IJ22 


r\ 


28 


29 


30 31 






■26 


2h 


■27 


28 


■29 






24 
31 


25 


26 


27 


•2S-29 


30 


APKIL. 


MAY. 


JUNE. 1 


■7 


1 
8 


2 
9 


3 
10 


4 5 
11 12 


li 


5 


6 


7 


1 
8 


2 
9 


3 4 
10 11 








■}. 


3 4 


5 


6| 7 


8 




15 


16 


1; 


18 19 


•20 


12 


\:\ 


14 


15 


16 


17 If 


9 


10 11 


12 


13 14 


16 


a 


22 


23 


24 


•25 26 


■27 


19 


■2(1 


21 


•22 


2;f 


■>A 25 


16 


17 IS 


19 


?l|-?l 


■?? 


28 


29 


30 




:;:l::: 




•26 


■27 


■28h29 


30 


31 ... 


23 
.30 


24 25 


■26 


■27 28 


•29 


JULY. 


AUGUST. 


SEPTEMBER. 1 




1 2 


3 4 


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NOVEMBER. 


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JANUARY. 


FEBRUARY. 


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OCTOBER. NOVEMBER. 



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NOVEMBER. 



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If We Could See the End. 

Annie D. Palmer. 

Ah, me, if only we could know the way, 
The thing to do and the word to say. 
That would help our fellows and do the good 
That with all our hearts we wish we could ! 
There's many a blunder and stinging wrong 
Would be kept from our lives as we plod along 
If we the end could but see. 

Sometimes a gift with keenest delight 
We prepare for a loved one with all our might, 
And instead of pleasure it gives unrest 
That is poorly hidden within the breast, 
And we never can look or think or care 
For the misplaced gift, for regret is there. 
Oh, the end is far to see. 

It may be a word of praise we give 
Hoping to help someone to live 
In a happier mood, and by some mischance 
Of occasion or wording or tone or glance 
Our meaning is lost, and counted a sneer. 
Hurting the spirit we meant to cheer. 
The all we may not see. 

A desire to do, or hear, or possess 
A thing for self we oft suppress 
That another the happiness may receive 
And that other is burdened and made to grieve. 
And they in turn will sacrifice all 
And to the receiver 'tis wormwood and gall, 
Because they cannot see. 

Ah, such misunderstandings are hard indeed ! 
If we could but feel a comrade's need. 
And always do and give and say 
Just what we desire, how it would pay ! 
But each spirit close shut in its earthy cell 
Is condemned apart from its fellows to dwell 
And thus, we cannot see. 

Sometime, dear God. in thy infinite love 
Wilt thou in mercy these barriers move ;' 
Abolish these walls of oppressing clay 
That hinder our spirits and shut us away. 
And condemn us to live in our prison cell 
Through life alone, all alone, to dwell? 
O Father, help us to see ! 




By Amy Brozun Lyman, General Secretary. 

Liberty Stake. 

The Liberty stake Relief Society recently held a teachers' 
convention and social in the Second ward meetinghouse. There 
were four hundred Relief Society workers in attendance. Special 
instructions were given to teachers on their duties, with many 
excellent recommendations for future work. It was suggested 
that the teachers make it a point in their monthly visits to discuss 
all topics that deal with home problems .such as family budget, 
food problems in war times, thrift and economy in household man- 
agement, family planning, etc. 

The home-bound work was discussed. Our readers probably 
are familiar with the particular work that is done in the Liberty 
stake in the interest of those who are unable through sickness to 
leave their homes. 

A general discussion was held and questions on the teacher's 
work were answered and explained. Luncheon was served from 
12 to 1 o'clock, when the ward teachers were the special guests 
of honor. After the luncheon a concert was held. 

Curlew Stake. 

In Curlew stake the Relief Society, Y. L. M. I. A. and Pri- 
mary Associations have united for Red Cross work. A committee 
was appointed from each of these three boards to organize the 
work and as a result of the work of this committee a Red Cross 
auxiliary has been organized in each of the wards of the stake. 

Alpine Stake. 

One afternoon during the month of October, the women of 
the Relief Societies of Pleasant Grove, Manila and Lindon put up 
eleven hundred guarts of fruit, — tomatoes, peaches, pears and 
apricots. The City Council of Pleasant Grove donated $25 and 
the rest of the cash expenses were met by the three Relief Socie- 
ties. The fruit was donated by the townspeople, and the manage- 
ment of the cannery, with all the workers, gave their services. 
The cans of fruit were packed in cases and have been stored in 
the Relief Society emergency cupboard. 
Fremont Stake. 

The Fremont stake has on hand $200 worth of imperishable. 



28 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

food stuff. This stake has recently added twelve beautiful quilts 
to its emergency cupboard. 

Northern States Mission. 

While the Relief Societies at home have been accomplishing 
so much along "preparedness" lines the Missions have also been 
doing special work along these lines. In the West Iowa confer- 
ence, the lady missionaries have directed and assisted the women 
of the Relief Society in canning and drying fruits and vegetables. 
In those cases where the women were not able to purchase fruits, 
the elders, under the direction of the conference president, col- 
lected and carried fruit from the orchards in the rural districts 
to these women. As a result all of the families have conserved 
large quantities of fruit for winter use. 

St. George Stake. 

Accepting the invitation of the various bishops the ward 
Relief Society choirs furnish the singing for the fast meetings. 
This feature has greatly increased the attendance at the fast 
services. 

Denver, Colorado. 

The Institute for Home Service given under the direction of 
the Bureau of Civilian Relief of the Mountain Division of the 
Red Cross began its work on November 5, and will continue for 
a period of six weeks. The Institute is limited to twenty-five 
students in order that field work may be efficiently given and 
properly supervised. 

The Institute is under the direction and supervision of Miss 
Gertrude Vaile. chairman of the Bureau of Civilian Relief. 
Lectures are given by Dr. Osbourne, of Boulder University, Miss 
Gertrude Vaile and Miss Florence W. Hutsinpillar, assistant sec- 
retary of the Bureau of Charities, of Denver. Colorado. 

Utah is represented at this Institute by the following women : 
Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman and Miss Mae Hawley, of Salt Lake 
City ; Mrs. Cause and Miss Cora Kasius. of Ogden ; Mrs. Hen- 
drickson, of Logan, and Mrs. Palmer of Provo. The field work 
is given under the direction of the Bureau of Charities and the 
Red Cross Division Headquarters, and consists of family and in- 
stitutional visiting and investigation. The object of the Institute 
is fully realized in the splendid instruction in methods of con- 
ducting home service work among the families of soldiers and 
sailors. 

Granite Stake. 

An entertainment of a most pleasing character was given at 
the Granite stake tabernacle on Tuesday, October 23, by the stake 
and ward Relief Society officers, in honor of two retiring member? 
of the stake board, Mrs. Laura E. Cutler and Mrs. Emily M. 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 29 

Brinton, former counselors to President Leonora T. Harrington. 
An attractive musical program was rendered and refreshments 
were served. 

About 300 local and stake officers were in attendance, includ- 
ing Board members of the Cottonwood stake Relief Society. 



ONLY A VOLUNTEER. 

Why didn't I wait to be drafted, 

And led to the train by a band, 
And put in a claim for exemption ; 

Oh, why did I hold up my hand? 
Why didn't I wait for the banquet? 

Why didn't I wait to be cheered ? 
For the drafted men "get the credit" 

While T — merely volunteered. 

And nobody gave me a banquet 

And nobody said a kind word. 
The grind of the wheels of the engine 

Was all the goodbye that I heard. 
Then off to the camp I was mustered 

To be trained for the next half year. 
And then in the shuffle forgotten — 

I was only a volunteer. 

And maybe some day in the future 

When my little boy sits on my knee. 
And asks what I did in the conflict 

And his little eyes look up to me — 
I will have to look back, as in blushing, 

To the eyes that so trustingly peer 
And tell him I missed being drafted — 

I was onlv "a volunteer." 



NOTE RETURNED TO A UTAH CTRL l<ROM ARMY 

FRONT. 

I want to thank you for the socks you knit. 
But sorry to say they do not fit. 
Wear one for a scarf and one for a mitt, 
Where in the world did you learn to knit? 



Fruits of Endeavor. 

By Ruth Moench Bell. 

There was a sensation in North Hammond when Louise Ren- 
shaw, one of America's leading artists, came seeking a model for 
a painting. 

"I was through here, on my way to the coast, five years ago," 
she explained to Mrs. Cheevers, who had been pointed out to her 
as the woman most interested in art in the town. "I saw at the 
station then a woman whose face I have never been able to forget. 
She was gazing after the moving train with a look of infinite 
peace as though the currents of her life had been stilled into a 
majestic calm." 

"I cannot imagine whom you mean," Mrs. Cheevers observed, 
as the artist paused, seemingly ab.sor])e(l in musings concerning 
her painting. 

"Behind her in a lot," the artist continued, "just beyond the 
station was a pear tree, in the fulness of its autumnal beauty. 
Not a stray branch projected beyond the prescribed bounds of the 
shapely whole. It was as if the tree had been moulded and col- 
ored by a master hand to whom it subjected its own will with 
faith and confidence in the ultimate harmony." 

For some time the artist sat rapt in the vision that some day 
was to inspire thousands. After while she resumed, as much to 
herself as to her interested listener. 

"I have never forgotten that tree or the face of that woman. 
Every autumn they renew their hold on me. This autumn I came 
here hoping to find her and paint the picture which I shall call 
'Fulfilment.' In the tree: fulfilment of all the promises of spring, 
the rich ripening of summer's radiance and the repose after labor 
joyfully accomplished. In the woman : the fulfilment of her girl- 
hood's sweet proaiises, the rich ripening of her womanly experi- 
ences and the lovely repose follmving her acceptance of the Divine 
decree. Each was in tune with the Creator to produce a master- 
piece. I should like to be an instrument in the Divine Will to 
interpret that masterpiece and h'd it live and breathe its message 
on canvass." 

A hush had fallen over the two ; the hush that follows the 
organ prelude in a cathedral. Finally the artist went on: "It 
seems to me that this woman has lived and sufi"ered and grown 
sweeter and more tender under pain. Her wonderful calm be- 
neath it had a richness of experience, a wealth of endeavor, a ful- 
filment of longings that were worthy or possible, and a masterly 



FRUITS OF ENDEAVOR. 31 

subjection of the unworthy or impossible. She seemed so at home 
here, I thought she must be a resident. And yet you do not seem 
to recognize her." 

"You have described her soul," Mrs. Cheevers sighed, "few 
of us could recognize the other's soul. We look onlv at the husk 
that holds it." 

Two weeks passed. Louise Renshaw visited the Relief So- 
ciety, the Sewing Circle, and made many house to house calls. 
Yet failed to find the woman she sought. What she did find, 
however, she confided with pride to Mrs. Cheevers. who had 
gladly consented to share the comforts of her home with the 
famed artist. 

"I have an aunt seventy years old," Miss Renshaw confided 
to Mrs. Cheevers in one of their intimate fireside chats. "I wish 
she might have visited you "Mormon" women some twenty years 
ago. 

'Tor twenty years she has been telling us that she would not 
be long- with us. For twenty years she has been deploring the 
fact that she had no opportunity for education when she was a 
girl. For twenty years she had been nursing aches and pains and 
magnifying symptoms by continually dwelling on them. 

"You women seem so well. You stand so straight. You 
seem so well educated, so well posted on all matters. You are so 
dainty and neat in person and dress. How is it? Is it all a part 
of your religion ?" 

"Yes, it is all a part of our religion," Mrs. Cheevers breathed 
with inward conviction," it is a part of our doctrine of eternal 
progression. We believe that our bodies will be resurrected, 
therefore we want them as worthy of resurrection as possible. 
We take exercises to keep us erect in body. We breath deeply 
and drink plenty of water to keep us clean inside. We walk every 
day to help keep up our health and strength. We are studying, 
each of us, things that interests us most. And we listen with 
eagerness to the things that» interest others that we may learn 
what they know. It is all a part of our religion. Only I am 
ashamed to say that we of North Hammond overlooked some of 
the tenets of our religion. We were very much like the aunt of 
whom you speak. We were putting in from twenty to twenty-five 
years getting ready to die. Think of it? If some one had told 
me when I was a girl that I should have twentA- beautiful years 
for an education wouldn't I have been thrilled with joy? And 
yet I was wasting those precious years till we suddenly woke up 
and set to work." 

At Relief Society next day Mrs. Cheevers bore a fervent 
testimony from the text, "Let your light so sh'ne." 

"It has been worth the effort, sisters," she cried joyfully. 



32 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"It has been worth the daily, hourly effort. Aside from the joy 
we have found in the endeavor, it has been worth it all just to 
have given one woman a true impression of the fruits of the 
gospel. 

"I have been thinking, too, while I have been thanking God 
on my knees for the little I have learned that makes it possible 
to converse with the artist guest within my home and enjoy her 
companionship, how lonely I should have been in heaven among 
the well informed and truly great if I had made no effort to 
learn of the good things of this most interesting universe. For 
in heaven there will be many kindred spirits, men and women of 
purpose and achievement. I should like to be able to listen intel- 
ligently, at least, when I meet them." 

After the meeting the women gathered around Mrs. Cheevers. 
eager to learn if the artist had found the woman she sought as a 
model for her painting. Beneath the newly awakened craving 
to be a mastierpiece was the longing to find the woman who had 
satisfied the artist's ideal. So many weeks had passed, would 
Miss Renshaw ever find her? 

And then two days later, in an out of the wav cottage, as 
simple and unobtrusive as herself, the artist did find her, almost 
missed her. in fact. And yet every child in the village could have 
told her where Ed'th Grey lived. All the girls and boys with their 
eager ambitions and perplexing problems sought and found her. 
Lovelorn lassies and blundering knights poured into her ears their 
troubles and found relief and sympathy. Yet no one would have 
thought of her as the ideal the artist sought. 

"You were at your evening meal," Louise Renshaw ventured, 
as she noted the prettily appointed table. 

"There is an extra place." Edith Grey smiled. "T always hope 
some one will come in." 

And so it came that the woman who had made of herself a 
symphony in which every instrument of her being contributed to 
the general harmony and the woman who sought to paint a mas- 
terpiece that should visualize that harmony, spoke to each other 
as soul speaks to soul in great moments and exalted moods. 

"And when the trial of my life came and he was laid away," 
EcHth Grey was saying. "T tried to take up my life again. Bruised 
and bleeding it lav in my hands quivering with pain. What 
should I do with it? The old joy vision that every girl treasures, 
almost from babvhood. was gone. It couldn't be for God had 
interrupted for His own wise purposes. Somehow I must sub- 
stitute a new vision that I could follow with something of the old 
zest and enthusiasm." 

Edith Grey looked over at the artist friend whose eyes were 
dini with tears and pressed her hand lovingly. 



FRUITS OF ENDEAVOR. 33 

"And so I resolved to try to be a beautiful old lady," 

"And because," Louise Renshaw added, while the tears 
coursed down her cheeks, "because I also lost him — not to death 
but to another — I resolved to paint the most beautiful old lady I 
have ever met." 

"I knew we understood each other," Edith Grey sighed. "Do 
you realize that we have chosen the hardest things in the world 
to be and do? There is nothing harder than to be a lovely old 
lady, unless it is to appreciate the loveliness of old age and por- 
tray it sympathetically. When a woman has a husband and chil- 
dren to keep her tender and gentle it is easier, I suppose ; but for 
others there is only one thing and that is to take literally Christ's 
admonition to love thy neighbor as thyself. I have tried so hard 
and yet every day I seem farther from my ideal." 

"It means," said the artist, "that scorn and hate must never 
creep into the garden of the soul. Do you remember that won- 
derful line of Maeterlinck's in 'Mary Magdalene' — Tity mankind, 
do not blame them.' That is the flower that must bloom peren- 
nially in the heart. Pity and love, not merely toleration but a 
love big enough and sincere enough to understand all and forgive 
all." 

"It means also," Edith Grey .said with hushed voice, "that we 
must never let the shoes of the soul get run down at the heel. 
We must live ever a little finer, holding ourselves always to a 
higher standard in little and big things. Every child must be as 
our own with its dear, sweet ways that invite caresses and its little 
faults that must be loved into virtues. Every wayward girl and 
clumsy boy must appeal to our motherhood. Each aged person, 
even though the garden of his soul is rank with weeds, must claim 
our sympathy." 

Louise Renshaw gazed wonderingly at her new-found friend. 
"I cannot understand why you in youth set old age as your goal," 
she asked. 

"A mirror was mercifully held up to me in time," came the 
response. "I met a beautiful woman of sixty years with snowy 
hair, rose-leaf complexion and exquisite daintiness. Her voice 
was music. Her smile was magic. But her words, the perfume 
of her personality, were bitter and biting. It was as though one 
gazed deep into the heart of a perfect rose and an adder concealed 
near its bosom reached out and stung one. She, too, had lost her 
lover and the canker of disappointed love had fed on her kindli- 
ness, her humanity, till only the hollow, worm-eaten core re- 
mained. I realized, then, that if I was to be lovely at sixty I 
must cultivate loveliness at sixteen and every hour thereafter." 

"How wonderfully we influence each other," the artist re- 
flected. "There was a difference, however, in our experience. I 



34 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

met the ideal, a beautiful lady, five years ago when my heart was 
bitter toward the woman who had taken him from me. I saw 
this lovely lady and the peace of her soul calmed the tumult in 
mine. Then I strove to be like her that some day I might ipaint 
her and interpret her charm and serenity. It is five years since 
then and I have striven hard to perfect my art. Now I have 
sought and found her. Will you come to me and let me try?" 

"I," cried Edith Grey tremulously, '"why I am unworthy. You 
cannot mean that I was that woman." Tears of grateful humility 
filled her eyes. 

"You have found her," Harriet Cheevers declared the mo- 
ment she saw the artist's face. 

"I have long since found several of her," Louise Renshaw 
answered proiKlly. "The wonder was to paint a composite picture 
of all of you women with your renewed ambitions, renewed youth, 
renewed endeavors and deep happiness. I had not the power to 
blend so many dear dames in one. But T have found the one who 
inspired me and in her simple, unassuming way she has consented 
to pose for me." 

"Edith Grey," Harriet Cheevers responded at once, "why did 
none of us think of her? I could see her lovelv serenity reflected 
in your eyes the moment you spoke of her. She is the flower of 
our town. The rest of us have had husbands and children anu 
grandchihVen to mellow, broaden and deepen us, and to stimulate 
us to be something of which thev might be proud. She from her 
own sweetness and strength, w'th God's help, has achieved most 
and all will realize it." 



TRUST YET A LITTLE WHILE. 

Maud Baggarlcy. 

Trust yet a little while 
The sun again will shine — 

Though now you stumble through the night, 
Peace shall enfold that stricken heart of thine. 

And morning bring thee light. 

The storms of Tfe may l)ruise thy weary heart, 
For thou art like a seed within a clod — 

That, sleeping, dreams, and hath no part — 
'Til trials lift thee up to God. 

Then trust, though dim the path appear. 
Though shadows almost hide thy way, 

One shall not fail thee — have no fear- 
Then trust till dawn of Day. 




Clarissa S. Williams, Chairman Relief Society Red Cross, Chair- 
man Utah Woman's Council of Defense. 

REPORT OF UTAH STATE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE. 

The Chief Executive of Utah called together on April 5 rep- 
resentative men and women from the colleges, universities, social 
and religious organizat'ons to form an active committee to pre- 
pare for the conservation work which naturally would be under- 
taken to assist in the great war into which America had so re- 
cently been drawn. 

Those who formed this committee were: Mrs. Janette A. 
Hyde, representing the National Woman's Relief Society ; Mrs. 
A. J. Gorham, representing the Woman's Clubs ; Miss Rena May- 
cock, Extension Division of the Agricultural College ; Miss Ger- 
trude McCheyne, Home Demonstrator for the Agricultural Col- 
lege. 

The .special duty of this committee was to plan and supervise 
the practical and educational work undertaken by the Food Con- 
servation Committee of the State. 

Educational Features. 

The first activity was the formation of resolutions which were 
read and adopted at the Conservation Convention while copies 
were printed in all the daily papers and distributed broadcast. 
The Relief Society organizations throughout the State — ^the 
Neighborhood Society, the Woman's Literary Club and other 
organizations unanimously adopted and sustained these resolu- 
tions. The next great project was registration of the Utah women 
through the Hoover cards which necessitated active operation by 
the diflferent conservation committees throughout the state, already 
organized for the conservation work. Seventy-five thousand cards 
were thus printed and distributed ; 49,473 of these were signed 
and returned ; 700 were sent directly to Washington ; 250 were 
signed for the Hoover insignia and button, making a total of 
50,423 housewives who signed the cards. No woman whom we 
asked to take part in. this great task refused assistance. The 
greater part of the work was accomplished in about three weeks' 
time, in spite of the blistering summer heat prevailing at the time, 
many of our women having to travel from ten to twenty-five miles 
to distribute the cards. Practically all of the work was done 
through the complete and long-established machinery of the Relief 



36 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Society. This active movement was greatly augmented by per- 
sonal conservations carried on during the Hoover campaign. 

Practical Activities. 

The next step v^as establishing centers in the school buildings 
where the women could be taught both theoretical and practical 
demonstration work. The State committee co-operated with the 
City committee and were assisted financially by the City Commis- 
sion and the City and State Councils of Defense. Seven working 
centers were put into active operation with seven trained demon- 
strators in charge. A canning center was operated in connection 
with a municipal citizen's market that had been opened through 
the agitation and untiring effort of the Woman's Conservation 
Committee. Lessons were given on the following subjects: Food 
Preservation, Food Values, Food Waste, Milk, Cereals, Meat, etc. 

In each center separate groups of women assembled at dif- 
ferent hours and followed the outlined course. Fruit and vege- 
tables were canned by the thousands of bushels. Considerable 
fruit was put up for the Red Cross and the Orphans' Home and 
Day Nursery. A Community Kitchen was established in connec- 
tion with the Municipal Market, and demonstrations were here 
given two hours each morning. This central place enabled women 
to draw their fresh supplies from the Market, and the surplus left 
over from each day's marketing was carefully preserved. During 
the three months, 30,000 ears of corn were dried and 50,000 jars 
of fruit were bottled. The services of the women were given 
freely in this kitchen with the exception of one paid demonstrator. 

At the close of the season, exhibitions were held in three 
prominent business offices in Salt Lake City, as well as at the 
State Fair, where the following bulletins and milk maxims were 
distributed to the crowds who flocked there : 

Bulletins, 15,000; Food Thrift series. 2,500; Farmers' Bulle- 
tins — Drying Fruits and Vegetables, 3.000; Agricultural College 
leaflets, 5,000; Milk Maxims, 3,000. 

At the different centers where a tabulation was kept, an at- 
tendance of 5,000 was noted, women reached by indirect sources, 
3,000; personal conversations and telephone calls, 1,288. This 
would not include, however, the great amount of unsupervised 
and recorded work which was carried on throughout the State. 
In eight counties not including Salt Lake county, trained demon- 
strators were working in connection with the Agricultural College 
and the Relief Society, twenty counties being left to the super- 
vision of untrained, practical help. 

It is certain that the amount of fruit conserved this year has 
quadrupled the output of any previous year's record. 



OUR PATRIOTIC WORK. 37 

Method Used to Dispose of Conserved Foods. 

The food stuffs thus conserved was sold to individual fam- 
ilies, grocerymen, charitable institutions and clubs, they being 
glad to buy these delicious foods because of fine quality and price. 

As our conclusion we arranged an Apple Week, which was 
conducted from October 29 to November 5. The advertising of 
this enterprise was done by the Woman's committee, through the 
telephone chain svstem ; also through the local press which gave 
us full publicity.' An Agricultural College horticulturist pur- 
chased and supervised the shipping of the apples. The dispens- 
ing of the fruit came under the special supervision of the Mayor ,s 
secretary. The apples were sold direct to the consumer from the 
box cars which eliminated the middleman's profit. Each morning 
found the people at the depot with every conceivable conveyance 
from automobiles to wheelbarrows which were used to cart away 
the fruit to their homes. A line was formed at the car door and 
each one awaited his turn to be served. Only one hour and a 
quarter was needed to dispose of 660 bushels of apples. The en- 
thusiasm and appreciation remained just as marked during the 
remainder of the apple campaign ; 5,244 bushels were sold and 
the sales would have tripled that amount had it been possible to 
pick the fruit and ship it in. 

We also planned a potato week, but the extreme cold weather 
which came so suddenly and the lack of refrigerator cars pre- 
vented the project being carried out. 

A prominent feature of our work will he the establishing of a 
Permanent Food Exchange Bureau. 

We have established a free Exchange Food Bureau which 
will be conducted through the Relief Society Magazine and the 
local press. 

Our work for the winter will consist of lectures and lessons. 
The outlines have been prepared by the Woman's Conservation 
committee and adopted by the Home and School League. Fol- 
lowing are the subjects which will be studied each week by the 
Parent Teachers' Association : 

Care of Wearing Apparel a Conservation Measure, 
Textile Fabrics, 

Renovating, Cutting, and Fitting, 
Alteration of Ready to Wear Garments, 
Hygiene of Clothing, 
Clothing Budgets. 

Study of Food Values, 

Value and use of skimmed milk, buttermilk, cottage 
cheese, and cheese in the diet. 



38 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Family Dietaries, 

Food Values and uses of dried vegetables and fruits, 
Food Value and uses of cereals in the diet, 
Care and use of Fats, 
Kitchen Management, 
Care of Infants. 
The bringing together of all the different forces from every 
walk in community life has been one of the most remarkable 
phases of our Conservation Committee. Perfect harmony and 
sympathy have been the keynote; justice and fair play have char- 
acterized our undertaking; love and loyalty for America, and the 
desire for freedom for the downtrodden of other lands has been 
the object for which the women of every creed and political party 
of this magnificent State have worked. In no time in the history 
of Utah has there been so great an opportunity to serve mankind. 
We owe a great deal of our success to the City Commission 
and the National Woman's Relief Society who furnished us two 
paid expert demonstrators with the use of their offices and stenog- 
raphers. We appreciate also the loyalty of the women and girls 
who came each day to assist and gave very generously of their 
time, without compensation. 

Mrs. Janette A. Hyde, 
Chairman of U. S. C. Committee. 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN. 

Counselor Clarissa S. Williams, Mrs. Emily S. Richards, and 
Mrs.-H. W. McCune represented this Society in Washington, D. 
C, at the Council Biennial Congress, held Dec. 10, 11. and 12. The 
reports of work done by all affiliated societies will be given prom- 
irence, and reconstruction .policies following the war will be under 
discussion. Our delegates were accompanied by President Martha 
Home Tingey and Counselor Ruth M. Fox of the Y. L. M. I. A. 
Their reports will be given next month. We know they will 
honor us as Utah was honored in their presence at the great Con- 
gress. 



Current Topics. 

By James H. Anderson. 

Submarine warfare goes steadily on, but the submarine 
now gets hit oftener than it hits. 



British war vessels in the Cattegat, off the North Sea, sank 
a German cruiser and ten trawlers in a naval engagement in No- 
vember. 



Tar and feathers were applied to I. W. W's. in Oklahoma 
and in Minnesota in November, by mobs. Such mobs are worse 
than the I. W. W. 



France now has non-sinkable ships, to cope with the sub- 
marine menace, and is constructing a large fleet of the new class, 
4,800 tons. 



Prohibition as a constitutional provision was defeated in 
Iowa in November, by the small margin of a little over 1,000 votes. 



Dagget County is a new political subdivision in Utah, and 
comprises what was once the northern part of Uintah County. 



All surplus wheat of 1917 has been shipped from the 
United States, and future shipments will be from the supply 
needed here. 



Italy and France both changed cabinet officers in November, 
but the effort for a material change in Great Britain signally 
failed. 



The Deseret Museum in Salt Lake City is to have a new 
home, to be constructed just inside the southern entrance to the 
Temple Block. 



Congress met Dec. 3, facing many important problems, not 
the least of which was the proposed declaration of war against 
Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria. 



The American front on the western battle line in Europe 
is at and in the vicinity of Parroy, sixty miles southwest of 
Verdun, toward the Swiss border. 



40 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

British troops gained victories over the Germans on the 
western battle line in November, first in Flanders, and then more 
notably on the Cambrai front in northern France. 



Electrically controlled boats are being used by the Ger- 
mans with but little success as yet, but there is a possibility of 
great development in this line in the near future. 



Three Utah soldiers — band members — were killed in a 
train collision on the D. & R. G. railway at Cotopaxi, Colorado, 
from the too ordinary cause of a trainman neglecting his orders. 



Tax rules have been issued for the assessors and collectors 
throughout Utah. The suggestions are for an increase rather 
than for a modification of the tax-gatherers' demands. 



The United States has stopped shipment of supplies to 
Russia since recent events there have changed Russia into a nation 
hostile to America. 



The sugar famine in the East is being relieved by the ship- 
ment of beet sugar from the West. The real sugar shortage, 
however, is booked for 1918. 



A new Sunday law stopped the sale of everything but 
newspapers at Selma, Alabama. This class of forced Sabbath 
observance surely "strains at a gnat." 



China is theoretically at war with Germany and actually at 
war with a rebellion in its southern provinces. In such circum- 
stances, Yee Sin does not seem particularly happy. 



German and Austrian food riots are reported frequently in 
American newspapers ; but their real seriousness does not seem so 
apparent when such reports are measured up with other known 
events. 



LiLiuoKALANi, the Hawaiian ex-queen, died on November 
11. She was highly respected by Americans and foreigners, and 
also by the Hawaiian islanders. She was a member of the "Mor- 
mon" Church. 



America pays 14.3 times as much as does Germany for the 
support of each soldier. It is safe to say that as heavy a percent- 
age of this expenditure does not go to the American soldier as 
that from the German fund to the Boche. 



CURRENT TOPICS. 41 

Jerusalem, closely invested by British troops at the end of 
November, is now in their hands. This is the most startling de- 
velopment of the present crisis. When it is again besieged by 
German-Turkish forces Saints must set their houses in order. 



A. F. Kerensky, the Socialist and Workmen's dictator of 
Russia, has been overthrown because of his too gentle treatment 
of the Russian extremists ; and the new regime there is more 
despotic and brutal than the deposed czar ever was accused of 
being. 



The W. C. T. U. in Utah passed resolutions asking a de- 
crease in the acreage devoted to tobacco-raising in the Southern 
States, to give room for greater food-production. It does not 
appear that the South will pay any attention to the request. 



Food-hoarding, which is condemned, and food-saving, which 
is commended, are things different. The wise family saves food 
and promotes health by having on hand a reasonable supply of 
food for future needs. 



The Bolsheviki in Russia, putting into practice its social- 
istic theories, not only is looking to the distribution of land 
among the peasants but is taking from the thrifty what these have 
saved and disbursing it to the idle and vicious, thus placing north- 
ern Russia particularly in the grip of anarchy. 



Japan will not send troops into the European war field. The 
far-seeing Jap knows he has enough on his hands to pacify and 
assimilate a very large area of Asiatic Russia, and thereby make 
Japan a continental power in Asia. 



The German-Austrian terminal drive into northern Italy, 
after taking more than 1000 guns and nearly 300,000 Italian pris- 
oners, has been checked on the Piave river front, north and east 
of Venice. The British and French reinforcements joined the 
Italians on November 26. 



English "tanks," a development of the American agri- 
cultural machine, the caterpillar tractor, were more effective in 
the great battle of Cambrai, in the north of France, on November 
21, than was the terrific artillery preparation heretofore indulged 
in elsewhere. This development is not exactly turning spears into 
pruning hooks. 



42 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Mexico is having still further trouble from the revolutionist 
Villa, who has now the Yaqui and other Indians on his side. 
Villa captured Ojina.s^a, opposite the Texas border, on Nov. 14, 
but his military movement has not yet developed the headway it is 
likely to gain. 



Fads in fuel and coal adrriinistration affairs in the United 
States are gaining such momentum during recent we-eks that pro- 
tests are being aroused, especially in the Eastern States, against 
an evident despotism in this country which out-kaisers the Ger- 
man kaiser. 



Women suffrage gained a great victory in its triumph at 
the election in New York State in November. In Ohio, woman 
suffrage was defeated ; but the combined vote in both States was 
many thousands more for equal suffrage than against it. 



Meati-ess Tuesdays and Wheatless Thursdays are being 
pretty well established in the Northern, Eastern and Western 

States of the Union. If there were instituted a few less 

days in the awful grafting and extravagant use of public and 
charitable funds now being raised with the war as an excuse, 
people generally would have less reason than now to complain. 



In Palestine, the closing days of November saw Bethle- 
hem, birthplace of the Savior (four miles south of Jerusalem), 
A in Karim, traditional l)irthplace of John the Baptist (five miles 
southwest of Jerusalem), and Mizpah, birthplace of the Prophet 
Samuel, (seven miles northwest of Jerusalem), in the possessioii 
of British troops — men from Australia, British India, and Great 
Britain. It will not be until the land northward to Damascus has 
been occupied that Palestine will be relieved of the Gentile Turk- 
ish yoke ; but the work to that end goes steadily on. 



Great Britain, almost unnoticed by the public, has taken 
possession of a vast empire in Asia during the past few months. 
From the Persian Gulf up to a line due east of Damascus, in Syria, 
the Turk has been driven from the Mesopotamian valleys, and on 
the west coast of Syria he has been forced back to north of Jaffa. 
When the British expeditions meet at the intended converging 
point toward which they are now approaching, which is on the 
Asiatic mainland due east of the British island of Cyprus, the 
greater and more fertile portion of the Turk's Asiatic domain will 
have been wrested from him, in the process of which there is yet 
considerable hard campaigning. 




Janette A. Hyde 

There is no doubt that people are .somewhat tired of the word 
"Conservation," yet it required all the power of the United 
States press as well as the energy of 20,000 public-spirited work- 
ers to impress the rest of the .people with the importance and 
practical meaning of this word. Much good has been accom- 
plished through conservation and preparedness ; and yet we must 
prepare for even greater and more telling results the coming year. 

Now is the time to plan for future gardening. Nature yields 
according to the preparation Avhich is made for crops far in ad- 
vance of planting, and that preparation is briefly to fertilize and 
dig. Secure seed catalogues early. Send for bulletins published 
by the United States Department of Agriculture at Washington. 
Be willing to try new kinds and varieties of vegetables. Become 
familiar with all forms of vegetable life by studying their growth 
and food values. "Man know thyself ;" and to paraphrase this 
"know vegetable life" would be a good motto for housewives. 
Next to production of foods comes the cooking and conserving of 
them. 

Crisp vegetables that are tender may be eaten raw, such as 
celery, cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes, etc. Cooking is an art greatly 
neglected and much of the valuable content of vegetable food is 
lost and thrown down the sink, thus impairing the flavor. To get 
the best results, bake such foods as white and sweet potatoes, 
onions, beets, dried beans, peas, pumpkin, squash. Steaming is 
a more economical method of cooking vegetables than boiling, 
as there is no nutritive material lost, though the flavor of the 
food may not be quite so good as the baked foods. Allow more 
time for steaming than for stewing or boiling; more for baking 
than for boiling. Fifteen minutes is quite sufficient for such 
vegetables as summer cabbage and sweet corn ; thirty minutes for 
asparagus, peas, potatoes of medium size, summer squash, toma- 
toes ; forty-five minutes for tender beets, carrots, onions, parsnips, 
medium sized potatoes, sweet potatoes boiled ; sixty minutes for 
stringed and shelled beans, cauliflower, oyster plant, young tur- 
nips ; two hours for old carrots, beets and turnips ; and from six 
to eight hours for dried beans, or peas. Soak in cold water and 



44 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

bake in oven, adding more water. Never boil dried corn. Let 
stand several hours or all night soaking in cold or fairly hot 
water. Put to boil ten minutes before dinner. Potatoes may be 
served boiled, mashed, escalloped, creamed, French fried, made 
into a puree, etc. Celery may be stewed, creamed, made into a 
salad, and used for soup, flavorings, etc. Cabbage may be used 
for slaw, salad; may be creamed, stewed, stuflfed, fried, baked, 
escalloped with cheese, etc. There are 135 .different ways of 
serving apples, and this department will be glad to furnish recipes 
to any subscriber making a request for the same. 

MRS. S. Y. gates' popular FRUIT CAKE. 

For Two Large Cakes. 

The inside crumbs of 2 5-cent loaves of white bread. 

2 lbs. Blue Ribbon raisins. 

2 lbs. seedless raisins. 

1 lb. chopped walnuts, more or less. 

1 lb. butter. If suet is used this recipe makes a plum pudding 

2 scant lbs. sugar. 

2 heaping teaspoons cinnamon. 
1 nutmeg. 

3 tablespoons essence of lemon. 
8 eggs, beaten separately. 

1 qt. sour milk and 

1 even teaspoon ,soda or 
IH Pt- sweet milk, and 

2 teaspoons yeast powder. 

1 pt. flour wtih soda or yeast powder sifted in. 

Cream butter and sugar, add creamed yolks of eggs, then 
whites and milk ; sift the flour in the raisins and nuts, add bread 
crumbs to milk, sugar and eggs. At the last add the floured 
fruit; put at once into pans and bake in a moderate oven over 
three hours. 



TOAST TO MOTHER. 

As Yuletide comes to us this year 
It fills my mind with thoughts of cheer. 
Most blessed is the memory of one 
Who caused in me life's blood to run. 
So on thee now, sweet Mother of mine 
I wish God's blessings for all time, 
That the peace and happiness of this hour 
Shall come again with the spring time flower. 

P. A. Roberts. 

God bless the Utah soldier boy who wrote this. 



EDITORIAL 



Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Motto — Charity Never Faileth 

THE GENERAL BOARD 

Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells • •. President 

Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams ••^*"\ Counselor 

Mrs. Julina L. Smith Second Counselor 

Mrs. Amy Brown i^yman General Secretary 

IlRS. SusA Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Emma A. Empey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mrs. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Janette A. Hyde 

Mrs. Tulia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Rebecca Niebaur Nibley Miss Sarah Eddington 
Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Lillian Cameron 

Mrs. Ida S. Dusenbcrry Miss Edna May Davis 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 

Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

E(jitoj. SusA Young Gates 

Business Manager • Janette A Hyde 

Assistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

VoL.V. JANUARY, 1918. No. 1 



THE NEW YEAR RELIEF SOCIETY PRAYER. 

Be kind, our Father, as in long past days, to thy daughters in 
Zion. Remove from us fear of death and of bodily ills. Plant in 
our hearts faith and hope in Thee, in place of dread and gloom. 
Renew the springs of life within our toil-worn bodies, and touch 
with healing balm our maternal terrors in these last dreadful days 
upon thy footstool. 

Shield our sons from sin, and our daughters from vanity. 

Give wisdom to our husbands ; and to all, loving patience. 

Spread the wings of thy Spirit over our homes, with the 
peace that follows Thy presence. 

Let the cords that bind this great Society be strengthened by 
our unselfish companionship. Increase our powers to serve Thee, 
through helping oft each other. Balance our daily choice of duty 
bv the scales of wisdom and calm deliberation. Remove excite- 
nient and over-zealous enthusiasm far from us. Give us to see 
the only solution for the sickness of the war-ridden world in the 
preaching of Thy all-healing word. Help us carefully to train 
our sons as soldiers of the Cross, ready for life or if need be for 
death — ^with the shield of purity, or on it. 



46 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Remember mercifully the President of this Society in her 
unflinching testimony and constant avowal of Thy purposes. 

Magnify her counselors, inspire all who bear office and re- 
sponsibility herein that each may be as a light set in the windows 
where storms rage without. 

Direct those who hold the destinies of this Nation in their 
hands. Turn them as Thou wilt. Especially do Thou remember 
our representatives at Washington who hold the holy priesthood 
and who stand as beacon lights in the midst of swirling waters. 

In faith and gratitude we pray for President Joseph F. Smith, 
who stands as the mouthpiece of divine revelation, between Thee 
and Thy earthly children. We praise Thee for the gifts of wis- 
dom an.d leadership with which Thou hast mightily endowed h'm. 
Above all men on earth, we pray for him and his associates, 
especial witnesses of Christ, that their feet may never stumble, 
their spirits never fail. Likewise be merciful to all who minister 
in the ordinances of the priesthood for the living and for the dead. 

Give us victory over despotism and barbarity ; sanctify our 
Country's cause. Strengthen the principle of republican govern- 
ment in every land and clime. Give us all to know that we are 
citizens of Thy kingdom and pensioners on Thy bounty. Let the 
light of love and sympathy illumine our lives and shed radiance 
over all our dark hours. Hasten the day when men shall glorify 
Thee and seek only to do Thy will. Come, Thou King of kings, 
rule upon this earth and banish death, sin and all iniquity. We 
wait upon Thee, Lord. 



OLD GLORY. 



The stirring and patriotic p,oem found on our frontispiece page 
is by George H. Brimhall, president of the Brigham Young University 
at Provo. The author could have chosen no more opportune time 
for its presentation than on the occasion of the birthday of the former 
loyal and honored President Brigham Young. 

After these verses were written and an audience of several hun- 
dred were thrilled with their rhythm and beauty, set to ringing music 
by Prof. Clare W. Reed, head of the music department of the Uni- 
versity it was decided to send the words and music to Chicago for 
publication. From the publishers, a leading Chicago newspaper ob- 
versity, it was decided to send the vyords and music to Chicago for 
it was copied in one hundred journals and newspapers throughout the 
country who sent requests for the song. 

The song can be purchased at any music store, price 25 cents. 



Guide Lessons. 

LESSON I. 

Theology and Testimony, 

First Week in February. 
WOMEN OF THE BOOK OF MORMON. 

(Home Reading: H Nephi, Jacob, Omni, Jafom, Words of 
Mormon.) 

"And ve shall know the truth, and the truth shall niakg voi-i 
free" (John 8:32). 

These words of scripture find marvelous verification in the' 
case of the Hebrew woman from whom the woman of the Book 
of Mormon is in realitv descended. From the first word of 
histor}^, found in the Bible, to the Greek historian Herodotus, 
down to the great Italian Ferrero, who has written almost the last 
word on this subject, historians are -agreed that the status of the 
Hebrew woman as to personal liberty was far above that of any 
other of her sex, at a corresponding period. Even the Egyptian 
vv'oman, who enjoyed greater privileges than most other women of 
her time, had no liberty that approached the liberty the Hebrew 
woman enjoyed. 

Contrast the personal liberty of Rebekah. the gallantry of 
Isaac, the personal liberty of Rachel and Ruth, with the fate of 
the Greek woman, who was plotted against, and stolen at night 
by men who wished to possess her ; or the Roman woman who 
had no legal rights, but who might be sold as a slave by her 
husband. 

The Mosaic law made the chastity of women imperative ; the 
Greek custom made chastity an impossibility. The Hebrew 
woman mingled with men in their gatherings and went before 
them to war with song and dance, and was sometimes a judge in 
Israel as was Deborah. The life of the Greek woman was the 
life of the harem. 

Now this superior liberty enjoyed by the Hebrew woman 
came as an inheritance to the woman of the Book of Mormon, by 
\'irtue of her descent from that people. 

Only three women are mentioned by name in the Book of 
Mormon. The words "woman" and "women" occur about forty- 
seven times in all, and a goodly number of those references are 



48 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

to the fact that Christ should be born of woman. The words 
"mother" and "mothers" occur about forty times ; the words 
"daug^hter" and "daughters" occur about sixty times. The word 
"wife" occurs at least th-rty times ; the word "wives" is to be 
found about fifty times. 

Still, any statistics of the sort given are no measure of power 
and influence ; but the fact that the book speaks of mothers rather 
than mother, of wives rather than wife, of daughters rather than 
daughter, clearly indicates that we must consider the woman of 
the Book of Mormon as a group rather than as individuals. To be 
sure, there are occasional references to women in the Book of 
Ether, but so few that our discussion must deal with the women 
of the Nephites and the Lamanites almost entirely. 

The three women are, first Sariah, the wife of Lehi, whose 
name reminds us of nothing so much as the two names borne by 
the wife of Abraham, whose lot it was to be the mother of all 
God's chosen people, even as it was the lot of Sariah to be the 
mother of the branch that ran over the wall. 

The second woman called by name is Abish the Lamanitish 
woman, who lived in the palace of King Lamoni, and was servant 
maid to the queen, and who long before her had been converted 
to the gospel. 

Isabel, a harlot, is the third woman whose name is perpet- 
uated by the sacred record. Perpetuated, to our great regret, for 
evil ; for it was she who by her personal charm lured Corianton 
into sin, thereby bringing disgrace upon the Church and his hon- 
ored father's name. 

Now to turn to the women who form the group of the women 
of the Book of Mormon. What do we know of them? 

First, we know that above all else they were wives and 
mothers, home makers and home keepers. Many passages in the 
Book of Mormon bring the fact to the fore, while many other 
passages make prominent the solicitude felt for the wives and 
mothers ; for the men waged war in defense of their wives, their 
children, and their families. 

Second, we know that like the Puritan grandam, and the 
pioneer mother, she did spin her own cloth, and fashioned and 
made the garments worn by herself and her family. We are told 
that the garments worn by the two thousand young men who went 
forth to l^'attle with Helaman, were made by their mothers. Both 
Mosiah and TTelaman speak of the women spinning. Then, too. 
these women of the Western world were pioneers of two great 
Of ntinents. So, too. were they the daughters and w:ves of men 
who did service in manv wars. Very likely they knew something 
of conservation. At all events they must have known something 
of the art and science of agriculture and other arts, without the 



GUIDE LESSONS. 49 

cultivation of which it is impossible for man to subsist upon the 
earth. 

Yet it was not all pioneering. Neither was it all battle ; for 
these people grew strong- in the land and became very prosperous, 
possessing- much riches. Then the women arrayed themselves in 
silks and fine linen, in gold and silver, and wore may costly jewels. 
Again and again the servants of the Lord reminded them of their 
pri'de in relation to such matters. This passion for color, this 
love of jewelry, links them to the past, their Asiatic home; for 
then as now the far East is the land of beautiful silks and gor- 
geous colors. This trait seems to have persisted with them even 
in their degeneracy. Mr. Cyrus E. Dallin, one of America's great 
sculptors, tells us that as a little ragged urchin, standing in the 
streets of Springville, he marveled much the first time he saw the 
American Indian in gala attire. He said, "He seemed to me like 
a being from another world, and as I looked at the rich coloring 
of his blankets, and the various ornaments with which he adorned 
himself, I knew that he possessed an art unknown to us." 

The lives of the women, as to faith and good works, rig'ht- 
eousness and the lack of righteousness, seem to run parallel with 
the men. The dark skin, generally so loathed by the white-skinned 
races, the badge of their disobedience, perchance was harder for 
the women to bear than the men. It is pretty generally agree 1 
that physical charhn and grace are more generally possessed b}- 
women than by men, just as men more generally possess superior 
physical strength than women : hence the great misfortune to the 
woman that she should have brought upon herself such condemna- 
tion. 

At times the magnificence of the faith of the women, the 
sublimity of their teachings stands forth in might. 

It was about the year 66 B. C. when the Nephite forces had 
suffered defeat at the hands of the Lamanites. The people of 
Ammon had taken an oath never more to do battle, but their sons 
had not taken this oath, consequently two thousand young men 
went forth under Helaman. When necessity forced action, their 
leader said that they had no fear of death, "for," said they, "our 
mothers have taught us. that if we do not doubt, that God will 
deliver us." They told their gallant leader the thinas their 
mothers said, saying, "We do not doubt that they knew." With 
this faith to sustain them they made mighty warriors. The batt'.e 
won and the roll called showed not a man lost. It was all victory. 
The Lamanites had been defeated ; the young warriors were all 
living, and above all else the faith of the mothers, and the faitli 
of the sons who had learned this faith from the niotbers. had 
triumphed. 

Would that the above were the only story we have to relate 



50 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

of the Nephite woman and war. Would that we might conclude 
by telling you of Christ's visit to this people and how He lifted the 
burdens of the women and children, and finally how the faith of 
the women combined with the men made it possible for the estab- 
lishment of the United Order, the perfect social law, that does 
away with that friction with which their lives and our lives is so 
often cursed. But it can not be. We must close with a chapter 
of war most terrible, for women engaged in deadly combat, of 
mothers placing weapons in their children's hands with which to 
fight! But why say more? The story of the capture of their 
prisoners, the terrible cruelty and barbarity practiced, reminds us 
of nothing so much as our modern history ; only that where they 
slew tens of thousands we slay millions ; and where they fought 
with the same fierceness and abandonment that we do today, still 
they had not our engines of war, nor our deadly gases to intensify 
that fierceness. 

Under these .dreadful conditions the Nephite nation passed 
away, leaving the Lamanites, a remnant of whom is found upon 
the land. Their only hope, our only hope, the gospel of Christ 
that shall in time bring that peace that passeth all understanding. 

QUESTIONS. 

1. Compare the status of the Hebrew woman, as to personal 
liberty, with that of the status of other women living at the same 
time. 

2. Show that the women of the Book of Mormon are de- 
scendants of the Hebrew race. 

3. Why did the Mosaic law make the chastity of women im- 
perative, and the Greek custom make it impossible? 

4. Tell the story of the conversion of Abish. 

5. What occupation was common to the women of the Book 
of Mormon? The Puritan grandam, and the Pioneer mother? 

6. For what tendency have women often been reproved by 
the prophets in all ages? 

7. What Indian trait seems to link the American to Jewish 
ancestry ? 

8. Why is the story of the two thousand young men who 
went forth to battle with Helaman of special significance just 
now? 

9. Compare some of the features of our present war with 
the last great battle waged by the Nephites. 

10. How were the women of the Book of Mormon included 
in the last great battle? 



GUIDE LESSONS. 51 

LESSON II. 

Work and Business. 

Spxond Week in February. 
LESSON III. 

Genealogy and Literature. 

Third Week in February. 
RACIAL HISTORY. 

HAM. HIS DESCENDANTS AND TRIBES. 

The fifth chapter' of Genesis gives us the genealogy of Adam 
through Cain. The descendants of Cain through one son are car- 
ried down six generations as will be there seen. After giving 
the names of Lamech's children, noth'ng- further is said con- 
cerning them. It is interesting to know that the author of Genesis 
(Moses) speaks of the fact that the first city was built by Cain and 
named for his ,son Enoch ; that Cain's son Jabal was the first 
Nomad herdsman ; that Jubal, Jabal's brother, was the inventor 
of musical instruments both stringed and wind ; and that Tubal 
Cain was the first artificer in brass and metals. Lamech's apos- 
trophe to his wives is the earliest example of poetry extant. All 
of these facts warrant us in assuming that there was a high state 
of civilization developed in ante-diluvian times, through the 
descendants of Cain, and, singular to add. of the arts named, those 
of literature, music and workers in metals, belonged particularly 
to the descendants of the rebel Cain. We are told that Cain's 
blood was taken into the Ark through the wife of Ham. 2448- 
2350 B. C, when the Flood occurred, according to the Biblical 
chronology. 

Ham's three sons are credited with the fatherhood of the 
races which inhabited parts of Asia, and nearly all of Africa. 

We invite a study of Bible history, of Josephus and of any 
good general history material here given of the so-called Hamitic 
races. Especially do we recommend Dr. Smith's Old Testament 
History. 

Ancient Secular History. When history first open its doors 
to us outside of the Bible pages we are faced by the chronological 
conjecture of modern excavators in Egypt, Babylonia and Assyria. 
The conclusions of these scientists need not alarm us or cause a 
weakening of our faith, for while thev generallv unite in an- 



52 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

iiouncing" a civilization thousands of years before the accepted 
time of Adam's birth upon the earth, we may comfort ourselves 
with the reflection that these same scientists have long refused to 
accept any Scriptural historical facts until forced to do so in 
recent times by discoveries in ancient remains. Furthermore, 
chronology is a study of modern times. The ancient and medie- 
val peoples gave little attention to it. The fragmentary records of 
ancient times do not enable historians of our time to distinguish 
contemporary dynasties clearly from consecutive dynasties of 
kings. Excavations of ancient cities are constantly bringing this 
condition to light. And hence the chronology of the world is 
ever (h-awing nearer that of the Bible. Mind you, we refer to 
historical data and not to the conjectures and theories of men. 
They generally neglect, too, this sacred historical truth that be- 
sides God's being the Father of Adam, He was also his teacher 
in such things as religion and language. As Enoch wrote "a book 
of remembrance, we have written among us, according to the pat- 
tern given, by the finger of God, and it is given in our language" 
(See Pearl of Great Price). Therefore, our students will accept 
the data concerning Egypt, Babylon and Assyria with whatsoever 
mental reservations may be necessary. In this lesson we will 
consider the ancient descendants of Ham, the second son of Noah. 

The Dark Continent. It is generally understood that the 
continent of Africa was settled by the descendants of Ham, yet 
this statement requires modification, for there were both Semites 
and descendants of Japheth who settled in the northern part of 
Africa and who are referred to under their tribal chaj^ters. 

The history of ancient Africa is the history of the few 
countries settled along its northern shores, for there was little 
known of the interior of Africa until the last century, with the 
exception of Abyssinia which lies at the southern end of the Red 
Sea. 

With recent discoveries by travelers and students, the various 
negro tribes inhabiting darkest Africa have been divided and 
again subdivided. Among the black races are the Pygmy tribes in 
central Africa, the Congos. the Bantus, with the Bushmen and 
Hottentots. There is a considerable difference between this vast 
race of people, to those who make a study of ethnology. The 
various languages and the somewhat differing physical conforma- 
tion of the black peoples is most interesting, if one has the desire 
to follow it up. The population of Africa at the present day con- 
sists of the following elements : the Bushmen, a race of short, 
yellowish brown nomad hunters. With them may be classed pro- 
visionally, the Hottentots, an agricultural people of medium .stat- 
ure and yellowish brov/n complexion. The Hottentots who live 
in what is now Cape Colony are a blend of the Bushmen and 



GUIDE LESSONS. 53 

Negroid races. The Negroes inhabit vast tracts of forests, some 
of them unknown to the white man. The upper country, along 
the Mediterranean, has always been and still is inhabited by Semi- 
to-Hamites, or mixed races from Shem and Ham both. Africa 
is a country where one may find all gradations of the human race 
from the very lowest intelligence up through human strata to the 
most cultured and enlightened peoples of the ancient and modern 
world. Indeed, Africa is a living refutation of the false conclus- 
ions of evolutionists who claim our descent from monkeys and 
apes; for the living peoples which represent the various stages of 
man's development from the cave man up, are found today scat- 
tered throughout the vast reaches of the Dark Continent. 

Egypt. Egypt, settled by Egyptus, a female descendant of 
Ham, is one of the first countries to emerge from the darkness in 
secular, or what is called profane history. Egypt was called "The 
Gift of the Nile" by the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, as the 
600 miles of fertile country from the head of the Delta to the First 
Cataract is made fertile entirely through the yearly inundation 
of the river Nile. Thirty dynasties of the Shepherd kings (who 
were Semites) were recorded by Manetho, an Egyptian priest, 
who compiled his list in the Greek language in the third century 
before Christ. Alexander the Great, who conquered Egypt in 
332 B. C, ended these native Egyptian dynasties which had ex- 
isted as affirmed by Manetho for upwards of 4,000 years. It 
was in the eighteenth and nineteenth dynasty that Rameses the 
Second reigned, who is said to be the Pharaoh who oppressed 
Israel. The Egyptians in the earliest dawn of history were highly 
cultured in poetry and all forms of literature such as novels, 
fairy stories (Cinderella being one of these) ; they wrote treatises 
on medicine, mathematics and astronomy ; they were historians 
both in written forms and through their monoliths and sarcoph- 
agi. Their religion in its earliest form recognized a supreme 
god, Osiris, with his wife Isis, and eldest son Horus, as reigning 
over the earth. The god Set was their Satan. They believed in 
a form of resurrection and worshiped animals. Believing that 
the soul needed the body for a continuation of life after death. 
they embalmed their bodies, so that they should not permanently 
decay. This led to the construction of magnificent tombs as the 
eternal abodes of the dead. The earlier Pharaohs were hidden 
away in the heart of the pyramids. Egypt finally became subject 
to the Semite peoples of Assyria in 672 B. C, but again became 
independent in tw^enty years. Again in 525 B. C, Persia, which 
was a Semitic k'ngdom, began her rule of two centuries when 
Alexander the Great brought Egypt under his sway. One of the 
great Egyptian dynasties was that of the Ptolemy of whom Cleo- 
patra was the last, and Egypt finally fell before the power of the 



54 RP.Linr SOCIRTY MAGAZINR. 

Romans in 30 B. C Since tliat time I'^gypt has passed under first 
one and then another foreign power, until today Engiand controls 
her destiny. 

Chaldea. The most ancient Asiatic monarchy was Chaldea. 
This country was founc'ed by Nimrod, grand-son of Ham through 
Cush, and no doubt was a well established kingdom when the 
tower of Babel was built by Nimrod, yet like Egypt and Baby- 
lonia is a mixed Semito-Hamite-Japhetic nation. It was known to 
the Greeks and Romans as Mesopotamia. Its splendid ancient 
fertility was due to the irri^^tion system installed in the two great 
rivers which traverse it : the Euphrates and the Tigris. It is a 
small country, only 130 miles long by 70 miles wide. The climate 
is moderate, with frost unknown. The fertility of the land is very 
great indeed. Wheat grew to such proportions that there were 
two crops a year, and then the cattle were browsed on it to keep 
the blade from going to stalk. Crops returned from 50 to 100 
fold and the date-palm grew everywhere. The date of Chaldea's 
founding is about 2,500 B. C. Nimrod's name is still famous in 
the scattered and deserted remnants of land and people now found 
there. The capital city was Ur. Nimrod built Babylon. Erech, 
Accad, and Calneh. Many famous kings governed the country 
and when Kammurabi, an Arab chief mastered Chaldea, he left 
an imperishable name in the clay tablets which are now being dis- 
covered in the ruins of Chaldea. In 1,300 B. C. the Assyrian king 
Tignathi-Nin conquered Chaldea and from this time the Cliaklean 
history is lost or swallowed up in that of Assyria. The Assyrians 
were Semites and their history will be found in that lesson. 
The Chaldeans were the cultured people of ancient Asia, and they 
built temples, cities, and maintained a m'ghty civilization. All of 
the ancient races were indebted to them for science, letters, arts, 
and architecture. Chaldea was the great parent of Asiatic civili- 
zation. The religion was Paganism, and human sacrifice was 
practiced. Much similarity between their polytheism an.d that of 
Greece is discovered by students. Chaldea was indeed a great 
and marvelous country. 

The Phoenicians, who were descended from Ham, settled the 
narrow .strip of land extending along the Mediterranean from the 
Ladder of Tyre to the island of Ardus. The whole length of the 
country was only 120 miles and its influence on ancient history was 
remarkable. The Phoenicians were descendants of Ham through 
Sidon and h"s father Canaan. They were indefatigable colo- 
nizers and they built many powerful cities and established great 
commercial enterprises by land and by sea. Tyre was one of 
their ancient cities and attained finally the leadership over all of 
Phoenicia. The city of Sidon was the oldest of the Phoenician 
cities and the first to attain wealth and power^ but it was con- 



GUIDE LESSONS. 55 

quered in 1050 B. C. by the Philistines from the southern part of 
Palestine. The inhabitants took refuge in Tyre, which afterwards 
became the conquering city. The Phoenician navigators held the 
ancient monopoly of the trade in tin. They mined it in Spain and 
finally went to Cornwall in England for it. They manufactured 
a peculiar dye called Tyrian purple, which was the aristocratic 
color for the ancient nations. Tyre became the capital of Phoe- 
necia in the eleventh century B. C., and it was the king of Tyre, 
Hyrum, who made a contract with King David of Jerusalem about 
the year 1025. Jazebel, daughter of Eth-Baal, king of Tyre, 
married Ahab the Israelitish king and ruled Israel wickedly 
through her weak husband. These people were pagan worshipers 
and practiced human sacrifice. Each city had its own king, but 
all of them united in a confederation in times of war and in 
great national events. The aristocrats were highly educated 
and cultured and patronized the arts and sciences. Queen Dido, 
who inherited the kingdom with her brother Pygmalion rose in 
revolt against him and when she failed in her seditious attempt 
she fled to Africa and founded Carthage in the year 871 B. C. 
Pygmalion's reign ended in 824 B. C. and Phoenicia became a de- 
pendent of Assyria when Sennacherib invaded the country in 705 

B. C. Again invaded by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar in 
598 B. C. the most of the conquered Phoenicians fled to Egypt 
and joined their people in Carthage. The remnant remained 
under Babylonian sway until Babvlonia was conquered by the 
Persians under Cambyses in 527 B. C. Finally Alexander the 
Great, who was a Grecian, therefore of the tribe of Japheth, con- 
quered the country again and Phoen'cia after that is lost as a 
separate nation, becoming utterly subject to her conquerors. 

Ethiopia (Modern) Abyssinia. The lower Nile was occupied 
iii remotest antiquity by savage tribes descended from Ham. but 
of whom we know nothing. History does not give us any light. 
Ethiopia, which is the country now called Abyssinia, was peopled 
by the descendants of Gush, spelled Chus by Josephus, and spelled 
Kosh or Ekosh. which is found in the hieroglyphic remains of 
this country. Ethiopia means szvarthy face. There were two 
races described by Herodotus, the Greek historian (about 425 B. 

C. V One was straight haired, the other wooley haired, both black. 
The wooley haired were dist-'nguished by broad, flat noses and 
very thick lips. These people were gradually subjected by the 
Egyptian kings, but in the middle of the eighth century Ethiopia 
conquered Egypt, but was as'ain conauered. Cambyses. the 
Persian, sought to subdue Ethiopia in 520 B. C. but failed. A 
series of queens ruled for many years under the generic title of 
Candace. One of them bravely held her cohorts against the 
Romans in 24 B. C, but was finally defeated. A pyramid still 



56 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

exists which was built for one of these queens. In the sixth 
century after Christ the Christian religion was adopted, and from 
then on the state has been called Abyssinia. Their religion and 
civil procedure was adapted from the Egyptians. 

Carthage, as we have seen in the history of Phoenicia, 
was founded by Queen Dido. Other Phoenician colonies 
were already there, such as Utica and .Vdrummeum. She 
chose a peninsula in the Gulf of Tunis on which to build 
the famous city of Carthage, 869 B. C. The story goes that 
Queen Dido having obtained "as much land as could be contained 
by the skin of an ox," proceeded to cut the skin of an ox into 
strips narrow enough to extend around the whole of the hill upon 
which the city was founded. The colony prospered through com- 
merce by sea and finally the king of Carthage obtained control 
over the northern coast of Africa. Native negro tribes were won 
over, and through intermarriage the Carthagenians became a 
mixed race, Japhetic and Hamitic. The army and navy were 
splendidly disciplined slaves, forming the common soldiers and 
sailors, with Carthagenian officers. This small but historic city 
carried on an extensive sea commerce and Greece began to covet 
the stragetic position occupied by this important c'ty state. The 
Carthagenians inherited their religion and social customs from the 
Phoenicians and practiced human sacrifice as did their fore- 
fathers. Much local history was made and records have been kept, 
so that this small nation is more familiar to the school boy today 
than the story of the great kingdoms of China and India. Wars 
with the Grecians consumed their time and sharpened their ener- 
gies for centuries. For 100 years Sicily. Greece and Carthage 
carried on a constantly varying warfare. The famous Hannibal, 
the Carthagenian general, carried war into Italy. In 340 B. C. 
Hannibal invaded Italy through the friendly territory of the 
Gauls. He crossed the Alps with his army, but met with no suc- 
cess, and the Carthagenians were finally defeated by the Roman 
general Scipio. Later when Greece was conquered by Rome, 
Carthage became a tributary to Rome. The Cathagenians, how- 
ever, retained a semblance of nationality for some centuries after 
that. She revived from her terrible humiliation, the population of 
which is said to have numbered 700.000 in 150 B. C. but Rome 
never ceased to fear the powerful kingdom although it was pros- 
trate. 

Alexandria. One of the greatest cities of northern Egypt 
was Alexandria. It was founded in 332 B. C, bv Alexander the 
Great as a link between Macedonia and the rich Nile Valley. 
Consequentlv the inhabitants, at least the ruling classes, were de- 
scendants of Japheth. The commerce and trade of ruined Tyre 
fell into the hands of the Grecians in Alexandria, and in less than 



GUIDE LESSONS. 57 

a century Alexandria became larger than Carthag-e and acknowl- 
edged no superior but Rome. Not only Greeks filled the teeming 
city, but Jews flocked here by thousands till there were more Jews 
in the city of Alexandria than in the city of Jerusalem. It be- 
came the greatest Jewish city in the world. Here the Septuagint 
was produced. The Egyptian rulers obtained control finally of 
the city, and although Alexandria was nominally a free Greek 
city, the military arm of Egypt retained power over its policies. 
The city finally passed under the Roman rule in 80 B. C., after 
Rome had conquered Greece and had risen to be the great world 
power, which she was at this period. It was in Alexandria that 
Julius Caesar idled away his great career with Cleopatra in 47 
B. C, and was mobbed by the rabble. Here also Mark Anthony 
fell supinely at the feet of the sam.e temptress. Alexandria was 
an important granary of Rome and after many centuries was one 
of the world's greatest and most luxurious cities. In the third 
century after Christ, Christian theology^ and Church government 
was centered in Alexandria, yet pag'an learning still flourished 
side by side in this liberal commonwealth. From this period until 
the fifth century the city declined fast in population and splendor, 
and in 616 A. D. it came under the rule of Persia. In 640 A. D. 
the Arabs who were on their conquering way carried a siege of 
fourteen months to successful conclusion against the city, and even 
in the decline of its glory, the Arab conqueror Ama reported to 
the Caliph Omar that he had taken a citv "containing 4,000 pal- 
aces, 4,000 baths, 12,000 dealers in fresh oil, 12,000 gardeners, 40,- 
000 Jews who paid tribute, and 400 theatres or places of amuse- 
ment." In the vear 389 A. D. the Saracens destroyed the magnifi- 
cent library collected by the Ptolemies of 700,000 volumes. Alex- 
andria rapidly declined in importance. The building of Cairo 
in 969 A. D. and above all, the discovery of the route to the East 
of the Cape of Good Hope in 1498 nearly ruined its commerce. 
When the cruel Turks se'zed Eg^^pt in 1517 they assumed control 
of Alexandria and retained it until the British, in the last century, 
established their own consulate power in Egypt. In recent yeaf^, 
under the consulate of Great Britain, Alexandria is a new town 
of handsome houses, gardens and boulevards, and tourists always 
crowd the once powerful and ever famous city. 

QUESTIONS. 

Who was Ham? 

What is the difference between i)rofane and secular history? 

What is the Dark Continent? 

Give a sketch of ancient Egypt. 

Where was Chaldea? 

What can you tell of Carthage? 

Describe the citv of Alexandria. 



58 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

LESSON IV. 

Home Economics. 

Fourth Week in February. 

Before the snow is fully gone the careful housewife will be- 
gin to plan the vegetable garden. Perhaps in some sheltered sec- 
tions fall planting will reward her for her late efforts in garden- 
ing and furnish a supply of radishes, spinach, onions, and lettuce. 

Besides the usual supply of peas, radishes, onions, carrots 
and beets, it will be well to plant rutabagas, spinach, salsify, and 
parsley. By intermittent planting, radishes, lettuce and peas can 
be had the greater part of the summer, while a late supply of 
young beets and turnips is possible where the ground is kept work- 
ing all of the season. Having something growing all the time 
should be the slogan of the administrative head of the kitchen 
garden, for weeds not only exhaust the soil, but utilize moisture 
which should be utilized to better advantage in food production. 

Before passing, let us not forget the asparagus bed. When 
a bed is properly started a small amount of care will produce an 
unusual amount of succulent stalks which contain ash constituent 
of high value. The most valuable of these is phosphorus, which 
helps to build bones and nerve tissue. In fact, if eaten in gener- 
ous amounts, the phosphorus in it is almost equal to a nerve tonic. 

WHY EAT VEGETABLES? 

The use of vegetables in the spring is to be especially com- 
mended. Because of the expense of fresh fruits and vegetables 
many diets contain only a limited supply of those health-giving 
bulky foods. Except where food value needs to be very carefully 
considered on a very low income, as much of the food money 
should be spent for vegetables and fruits as for proteins or 
staples. 

Unfortunately many diets in the country are deficient in fresh 
vegetables. This results from lack of attention to the kitchen 
garden and poor food habits. Every member of the family over 
four years of age should eat almost every vegetable the market 
supplies. 

In discussing vegetables, attention must be given to vita- 
mines. These are life-giving substances found in fresh foods. 
When the diet is deficient in these, malnutrition results, and if such 
a diet is continued, deficiency diseases may result. Scurvy in chil- 
dren is almost always the result of need for vitamines and ash 



GUIDE LESSONS. 59 

constituents. The ash constituents are used in the body to give 
rigidity to the framework, to promote contractibiHty of the mus- 
cles, to maintain neutrahty between bases and acids, to build pro- 
tein, to make blood, to aid in digestion. They are valuable for 
their preventive properties as well as curative. This fact is espe- 
cially noticeable in diets which prevent the deficiency diseases such 
as scurvy, rickets, and berri berri. The following are the most 
important ash constituents in study of the food supply : Calcium 
or lime salts are necessary for bones and teeth. Our chief S'Ource 
of it is milk, the whole grains also have some calcium, while the 
proportion of calcium in vegetables and fruits is very little. Phos- 
phorus combines with calcium in the bony structure of the body. 
Milk furnishes a small amount of phosphorus, but it is found in 
whole grains, eggs, meats, fish, legumes and vegetables. 

Iron is essential for growth of both plants and animals. Be- 
cause there is an excess of iron in the body at birth, the body need 
of iron is met for the first nine months or year. After that it is 
essential that sufficient iron be supplied to build healthy blood cor- 
puscles. Spinach, squash, beets, lettuce, prunes, oranges and red 
currants are especially valuable for their iron content. Women 
and girls need more iron for body functions than do men and boys, 
hence the feminine taste for salads seems to be a good one. 

Sodium chloride, or common salt, is very necessary. Be- 
cause of the free use of salt its value to the body is apt to be 
overlooked. It is valuable in increasing excretion, as the greater 
the proportion of salt in the food, the greater the amount of 
water excreted. Salt is more necessary for the enjoyment of a 
vegetable diet than it is for an animal diet, the reason being that 
there is a considerable amount of salt in the animal tissues. Flesh- 
eating animals need less salt than do herbivorous animals. Salt 
is necessary, however, for protein digestion as it helps to keep the 
gastric juices acid. 

Sulphur is found in the body in combination with protein and 
other ash constituents. With an average supply of protein the 
necessary amount of sulphur is met. 

In the preparation of spring vegetables, it is also well to re- 
member that they are valuable for their bulk. A generous serving 
of asparagus, for instance, will not be equal in heat or energy 
value to the cream, butter or oil which dresses it. 

Foods somewhat concentrated should help to balance the 
spring vegetable menu. We like cream and butter on vegetables, 
and like to eat them with meat, cheese dishes, and a substantial 
dessert. A study of the illustrations in the previous article will 
show that it would be rather severe on the individual to supply 
caloric needs on a strict diet of bulky vegetables. It may also 
be said that the harp of man's body will not stay attuned if an 



60 RRLIRJ- SOCinrV MAGAZINE. 

excess concentrated carbohydrate proteins and fats are used to the 
exclusion of the valuable bulk and ash constituent which help to 
regulate the body processes. 

In making- out the order for vegetable seeds, the housewife 
is urged to give a small plot of ground to the production of the 
soy bean. This bean is comparatively little known in the West. 
The agricultural authorities at Washington are urging its produc- 
tion, as it is a very valuable substitute for both wheat and meat. 
It also lends itself to very savory dishes and can be used in many 
ways. Perhaps it will be well to send individually to the De- 
partment of Agriculture and get a packet of seeds for the home 
garden. According to present grave demands upon the farmer 
aftd housewife this next war garden must be as far in advance of 
those of last season as they were ahead of those the year before. 
Let us be more proud than ever over our kitchen gardens. 

QUESTIONS. 

Discuss how liest to get early vegetables in your section. Get 
first-hand information from the best gardeners in town. 

Do all of the members of your family cat all kinds of veg- 
etables ? 

How can you best create a stronger public opinion for good 
food habits at your table? 

What are some of the (a) temporary results, (b) more per- 
manent results of few vegetables and fruits in the diet? 

What is the function of the dififerent ash constituents in the 
body ? 

Give foods rich in iron, sulphur, potassium, calciimi. 

Why is it important not to overcook vegetables ? 

Would it be well to establish garden contests in order to 
stinndate wiser selections, more careful planting, better use and 
preservation of the crops? This need not entail any prizes, just 
to stimulate a contest which wdll help every Relief Society worker 
to better organize the labor and the energy of the dififerent mem- 
bers of the family in order that every foot of the vegetable plot 
may truly furnish some of the world's food supply. 



Putting up beans in jars or crocks. Allow a handful of salt 
to a layer of beans. This is a very successful method of caring 
tor this particular vegetable. The beans must be kept covered 
with a clean cloth, weighted down with a clean plate or li.d, so 
that the liquid which is made from the juice of the beans and the 
Scdt must keep them entirely covered. 



Peace I Leave With You. 

Lucy May Green. 

A perfect day was ending : 

Twas eve, near set of sun, 
While through the dark'ning- shadows 

The stars shone one by one. 
The moon in silvery splendor 

Ro,se o'er the distant hill. 
The toils of day were over. 

The ni,ght was calm and still. 
Then, o'er my spirit stealing, 

A sense of peace and love 
Came to my soul, revealing 

This message from above : 
"Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace 
Whose mind is stayed on thee." 

Oh night! that bringeth wisdom 

Of home that reaches far 
Above the gloom and shadow 

Where beams Faith's radiant Star. 
Oh peace that passeth knowledge. 

Blest g:ft from God above, 
Which fills my soul with courage. 

My life with holy love. 
Though .darkness close around me. 

My way r cannot see : 
Oh Father, keep me faithful. 

Still keep me near to Thee 
Until the dawn, when trials cease 
And daybreak brings me perfect peace. 

Lucy May Green, 



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UTAH AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE 

AGWCULTURE HOME ECONOMICS COMMERCE 

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING MECHANIC ARTS 

GENERAL SCIENCE 

The Agricultural College by Federal and State Law is designated to supply 

THE NEEDS OF THE NATION IN TPIE OF WAR 

as well as in times of peace. 

OFFICERS FOR THE UNITED STATES ARMY— It now has established a 
unit of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, which is designed to prepare 
officers for the United States Army. 

FOOD PRODUCERS — To successfully prosecute the war, food must be pro- 
duced and conserved under scientific supervision in order to reach a 
maximum production and minimize the waste. 

ENGINEERS — Expert training, on the part of large numbers of men, in sur- 
veying, construction, machine work, automobile care and repair, hydraulics, 
irrigation and drainage engineering, architecture, wood, iron, and steel 
work, farm machinery, is necessary to National efficiency and National 
security. 

LEADERS IN HOME LIFE — Ignorance is mankind's greatest enemy. Yearly 
it invades the United States and steals away 200,000 infants. Learning 
and wisdom in relation to child-rearing and home management is made 
obvious by this dreadful mortality. Science must take hold of the gov- 
erning of the American home. 

The WINTER TERM Commences DECEMBER 3 

Write for catalogue of the Utah Agricultural College. 
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send us the order. We will pay postage to any part of the 
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Cotton, bleached, light weight $1.00 Mercerized cotton, light weight.... 2.00 

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Cotton, unbleached, heavy weight 1.75 c,,! , i „ j- • i .. » r« 

T . 1 ui u J • u. o nn ^"^ and wool, medium weight.... 3,59 

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FEBRUARY, 1918 



Col. Theodore Roosevelt Greets Us 

The Lamanites are Awakening 

The General Board have Suffered the 
loss of Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings 

Pres. Emmeline B. Wells will be Ninety 
Years Young the last of this Month 



Organ of the Relief Society of the Church of 

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

No. 29 Bishop's Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

$1.00 a Year— Single Copy 10c. 

Vol. V. 








mmmmm 



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YOU get the correct style, ex- 
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complete inBtmctions for properly re- 
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Arranged specially for recording in a 
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HAVE YOU READ "THE WOMEN OF THE BIBLE" 

By ELDER WILLARD DONE 
// not, why not? 

The book will help yon in yonr Theology Lessons, it will give you a greater 
insight and love for the Bible characters, and will also make yon g'*d that yoa 
are a woman and a sister to these good and glorious women who lived and 
loved and suffered even as we do today. 

Buy one for yourself, your mother, daughter or friend. Price, 75c. 

For sale by 

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The Relief Society Magazine 

Owned and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

FEBRUARY, 1918. 

My Baby Sophy Ricks Saurey 61 

I'ortrait of Col. Theodore Rooseveh Frontispiece 

Ex-President Roosevelt Congratulates American Alothers. . 63 

If I Could Live My Life Again Mrs. Parley Nelson 7^ 

The Gospel Among the Lamanites 74 

True Friends Edith McClendon 77 

Mother's Valentine Diana Parrish 78 

February Home Entertainment Morag 83 

Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings 86 

The Essential Nephi Anderson 87 

War Economy in Dress Lillian H. Cannon 90 

Patriotic Department Mrs. Clarissa Smith Williams 93 

Current Topics James H. Anderson 96 

Notes from the Field. .• Amy Brown Lyman 100 

Home Science Department Janette A. Hyde 102 

Editorial : O War, Where is Our Fear of Thee . 104 

Guide Lessons 107 



ADVERTISERS' DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise with us. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 

DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 

DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple Street, Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets* Salt Lake City. 
MERCHANTS' BANK, Third South and Main Streets, Salt Lake City. 
McCONAHAY, THE JEWELER, 64 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 
STAR PRINTING CO., 30 P. O. Place, Salt Lake City. 
SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. & CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St, S«lt Lake City 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK, Salt Lake City. 
Z. C. M. I.. Salt Lake City. 



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A Real Friend 



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In time of trouble is a Savings 
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Capital, $250,000 
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John Pingree, President; O. P. 
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We Wish You a Prosperous 

New Year, Full of Comfort 

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MY BABY. 

I have a little baby. 

To me of priceless worth ; 
One of the fairest "flowers 

Of all the flowers of earth. 

Such wondrous love she brought me. 

I never knew before. 
O joy supreme, to have a child 

So lovely to adore ! 

She recompenses all I lack, 

She to my heart is more 
Than jewels rare, or silver crowns. 

Or all earth's golden store. 

God grant her health and nol)le aims, 

My precious little Ruth, 
And g"ui.de her footsteps ever in 

The path that leads to Truth. 

Keep her true and virtuous, 

This is my daily prayer ; 
Give her strength to overcome. 

And avoid the tempter's snare. 

]\Iay her coming years be fruitful. 

And bring her happiness ; 
And may the name of ]\Iother 

Some day be hers to bless. 

Sophy Ricks Saurey. 

REXBl'RG. ID.VIIO. 







PORTRAIT AND MESSAGE OF COL. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. 

"With hearty congratulations bo the American mothers who 
have horne and brought up well many sound and healthy chil- 
dren." — Theodore Roosevelt, Christmas, 1917. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. FEBRUARY, 1918. No. 2 



Ex- President Roosevelt Congratu- 
lates American Mothers. 

The Magazine presents the latest picture of the greatest 
soldier, and one of the greatest if not the greatest American, liv- 
ing or dead, with the congratulations which he sends to the Un- 
usual ]\Iothers of the West and of this Church. Copies of this 
Magazine were sent to Col. Roosevelt and we are proud and sure 
that our readers will share our pride and pleasure in his return 
message. Col. Roosevelt is not only greatly respected and ad- 
mired in the West for his wisdom, his .statesmanship, his 
courage and his supreme lovalty : he is as well loved for his 
humaneness and deep spiritual understanding of the common peo- 
ple's common problems. 

Many know and feel that Col. Roosevelt's generous toleration, 
his refusal to. take offense at studied efforts to humiliate him, his 
unswerving loyalty to the flag, his consistent patriotism have done 
more to place the masses of the people in line with the war poli- 
cies of this government than any other single factor. He still 
possesses the power to do more good, or more evil, to lead more 
people in right or wrong political paths than any other man in 
this nation. His star has not set, nor — we may hope — has it yet 
reached its zenith. 

And now we continue with the presentation of our Unusual 
Mothers, women who have borne the heat and the burden of the 
day, and whose descendants are worthy representatives of the 
sturdy pioneer stock from which they sprang. 

• 

SARI AH S. MCDONALD 
Of Wasatch Stake. 

MOTHER OF TWENTY CHILDREN. 

Sariah Shirts ^NFcDonald was born in St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 
27. 1838, and was married to William McDonald, Jan. 1. 1854. 
when she was between fifteen and sixteen years of age, at Cedar 



64 



RIlLllir SOCIRTY MACJZIXE. 



City, Iron County, I'tali. Slie had four cliildrcMi wlu-n ihcv movc;l 
to Heber City, and gave birth to sixteen more after lier removal 
there, raised eleven to man and womanhood and buried nine in 
chiklhood. She worked hard until she was 72 years old. Her 
health is fair at .present. She is a good Latter-day Saint, but 
'doesn't attend meetings much on account of poor hearing. She 
always donated liberally whenever asked to hel]) in a good cause : 
loves to talk on the gospel and passing events. She does her own 
sewing without glasses at the age of 79 years, has raised her sister 



mk^n^. 


K^ 


^L: ^ 


Mi^^^' ^^ ^ ^^H 


H^^^^^^B - ^^^^^^^^1 









SARIAH S. MC DONALD. 

from an infant after the death of her mother until she lierself was 
seventeen years old when she was married to William McDonald 
as a pural wife. May her remaining days be filled with the after- 
glow of her full ami generous ex]jeriences, and when she ]>asses 
beyond ma\" the change come as sleep to a babe upon its mother's 
breast. 

JULIETT Vt.W BOIINE. 
Of Carclston Stake. 



MOTHER OF SKVENTEEN CHILDREN. 



^^rs. Julictt Day liohne was born Oct. 18. 1S48. at Kancs- 
ville, Pottawattamie, Illinois. She was baptized in 1864. 



EX-PRESIDENT ROOSEJ^ELTS MESSAGE. 



65 



Her parents came to Salt Lake, in the year 1852, and settled 
later in Springville. Soon after they moved to ]\It. Pleasant 
where ,she met and married H. M. Bohne, in 1866, at the age of 
sixteen, where she lived till she moved to Canada. She buried six 
of her first eight children there, the first ones being twins. She 
also buried another child after their arrival in Canada. 




MRS. JULIET D. BOHNE. 

The oldest child if living would have been fiity years old and 
their youngest twenty-six. They celebrated their fiftieth wedding- 
anniversary March 25, 1916. She was a brave an.ci noble spirit 
and knew no fear. She died on January 28, 1916, at the age of 
68, at Aetna, Alberta, Canada. She was the mother of seventeen 
children. 

MRS. AMANDA WILLIAMS CLARK, 
Of Panguitch Stake. 

MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Amanda Williams Clark, the mother of sixteen children, was 
born Nov. 24, 1835, at Lake Cork, Logan county, Illinois. She 
married Riley Garner Clark, March 20, 1850, at Provo, L'tah. 

After twenty-five years and nine months he died leaving to 
her the sole care ami support of th's large family. She has re- 
sided at Panguitch, Utah, for forty-six years, becoming a mem- 



66 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZIXE. 




AMANDA WILLIAMS CLARK. 

ber of the Relief Society at the age of sixteen, and serving- for 
twelve years as a teacher. 

All her life she has been very active and even now, at the age 
of eighty-one, she keeps up her own home attending to all the 
domestic duties herself, besides helping at times members of her 
family. She will always be remembered throughout the state by 
her many friends for her generosity, charity and kindness. Every 
year she travels in various parts of the states of Utah and Idaho 
visiting with her children. Following are their names with dates 
of birth : Riley Garner, Feb. 22, 1851 ; Sarah Jane. Jan. 28, 1852 ; 
Mary Elizabeth, ATarch 3, 1854: Amanda, Oct. 17, 1855: 
Samuel, Feb. 7, 1857; ISIary Ann. Tune 6, 1858; Ellen. Vch. 13. 
1860; Joseph. Feb. 14, 1862"; Delethine Alice. Julv 10. 1863; Geo. 
W., Dec. 14, 1865 ; Diantha, Aug. 30, 1867 ; Ada, Dec. 30. 1868 : 
Guy Willison, Nov. 6, 1870 ; Blanche. Sept. 28. 1872 ; James Le- 
land, Aug. 1, 1874; Austin, March 2, 1876. 

EMM.\ II.VRDCASTLE JENKINS, 

Of Cassia Stake. 

MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Enuna Hardcastle Jenkins was born in Yorkshire. June .28, 
1853. She came to Utah with her parents, in 1865, by ox team. 

She was married to Ralph Jenkins ]\lay. 1869. and is the 
mother of sit.xeen children, thirteen now living. 



EX-PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S MESSAGE. 67 

MARY ANN HUDSON. 

Of Cassia Stake. 

MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mary Ann Hudson was born April 17, 1845, at Nauvoo, Han- 
cock county, Illinois. Her father's name was Wilford Hudson. 
Her mother's name, Julia Ann Graybill. Her people were driven 
from Nauvoo, in 1846. Her father joined the Mormon Battalion, 
leaving his family at Winter Quarters. 

After going- out to California, he being the first man to dis- 
cover gold in California, in 1848, he went back east to Winter 
Quarters and then removed his family to Utah. Soon after their 
arrival in Utah the mother died. Mary Ann was baptized, in 
1853, by Wm. A. Martindale. She was married to Charles K. 
McMurray, April 20, 1867, and \yas the mother of sixteen chil- 
dren — six boys and ten girls. There are six boys and seven girls 
living. She came to Idaho in 1882, and was a teacher in the Re- 
lief Society for many years. 

She died December 12, 1913, a faithful Latter-day Saint. 

MRS. JULIA L. MC DONALD. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mrs. Julia L. McDonald was born in middle Tennessee, Nov. 
25, 1865, and lived there until five years old. Then she moved 




JULL\ L. MCDONALD. 



68 Rl-.Lllir SOCIETY MACAZIXE. 

with her .parents to Paulding". Mississipj)!. hving- there until Nov. 
2}^. 1880. when she married William Wesley Morris. She was the 
mother of eight children when '\\v. Morris was accidentally killed, 
in 1894. 

In 1895 she married Angus Marion McDonald. After mar- 
rying him she emhraced the gospel that same year and emigrated 
to I'tah in Fel)ruary, 1896. vShe became the mother of eight more 
children, and fourteen of her children are still living. She buried 
her oldest son in 180/, at Springville, Utah. He was killed by 
accident. Her youngest child she buried at Nampa, Idaho, in 
1915, at the age of three years. She also buried her husband, in 
1915, but notwithstanding all her trials and troubles Sister Mc- 
Donald is a happy mother, and feels that through the Spirit and 
guidance of the Lord she has been successful in rearing a large 
family and keeping them all together. She has twenty-two grand- 
children. 

This ])hotogra])h of Sister McDonald was taken October 1, 
1017. in Burley, Idaho. 

.SARAH I AXE Li':i-: Row^.RRR^'. 
Of Bingham Stake. 

MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Sarah Jane Lee Rowberry was born February 19, 1851, in 
Tooele City, Tooele county, Utah, and was the first white girl 
born in Tooele Valley, her parents being among the first settlers 
of Tooele City. She was the daughter of Thomas Lee and Har- 
riet Wolkitt. When she was seven years of age she was taken 
by her parents with the Saints who went south when the Johnston 
army was coming. She walked with lier brother, T. W. Lee, 
and drove cattle from Tooele to Lehi. They had no .shoes, and I 
remember hearing her tell how sore her feet were and how they 
had to live on pigweed greens for weeks. 

When she was fifteen years of age, she married Jose])h Row- 
berry, who was the oldest son of Bishop John Rowberry. They 
were married on the 28th of October, 1866, fifty-one years ago. 
There was born to this union sixteen children — eight boys and 
eight girls — twelve of whom are now^ living. In the year 1894, 
she studied and was granted a diploma as an obstetrician and has 
practiced since that time, being very successful, her work having 
been very extensive. Going to everyone who called her. and 
traveling about in all kinds of weather perhaps induced the later 
breaking up of her health. I have known her to get out of bed 



EX-PRESIDENT ROOSEJ^ELT'S MESSAGE. 



69 



many a time when she staggered as she walked to go to the aid 
of some sick sister. 

While in Utah she labored in the Batesville ward, Tooele 
stake, as a Relief Society teacher, from the time that Society was 
first organized until .she was sustained as first counselor to Sister 




MRS. SARAH J. L. ROWBERRY. 



Margaret Bryan. She held this position until she moved to lona. 
Bingham stake, in the year 1902, where she now resides. She is 
now a widow. Her husband died on the 16th of December, 1916. 
The general condition of her health at present is very poor, 'al- 
though her will power is as strong- to do good and aid the sick 
as it ever was. May she live long yet, to do much good and 
enjoy life, is the sincere wish of the writer. 



Mothers in Israel. 

Here are additional items from our St. George heroine, 
Sister Burgess, too valuable to be lost from history: 

My father. Wm. Patterson Mclntire and my mother, Anna 
Patterson, were both born in Pennsylvania in the township of 
Wheatfield. Indiana county. Their parents were farmers, living- 
three miles apart. The two families were very intimate and 
friendly, my father being named after my mother's father, Wm. 
Patterson. Her mother was Margaret Lynn Patterson ; she had 
four brothers and two sisters, yet none of her family but herself 
embraced the gospel of Jesus Christ. She left them all and 
came to Nauvoo with her husband, my father. My grandfather 
was George Mclntire whose wife was Sarah Davis. My father 
had six brothers- and three sisters. They were all born in Penn- 
sylvania, yet none but him accepted the gospel. My grand- 
father Mclntire came to Nauvoo with my father, but didn't 
join the Church, yet he always thought everything of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith ; he greatly admired his nobleness and truth al- 
though he himself was an unbeliever. He was a Presbyterian as 
to religion. 

Grandfather owned two large brick dwellings and a place 
called "The Brick Row." It was built to rent ; there were eleven 
good sized rooms in the row. He was a moneyed man, and these 
brick buildings were mortgaged to him on borrowed money. My 
father's ancestors were Scotch on his father's side ; he was the 
last male member and their names traced back to 1600. His name 
was Arthur Mclntire. He married a Miss Douglass of the .fa- 
mous Douglass family of Scotland. My grandfather George 
Mclntire was born in June, 1771. He had four brothers and 
three sisters. 

In the days of Nauvoo I remember Presi'lent Brigham 
Young as a great and good man. He was on a mission in 
England. I remember his Nauvoo house as well as can be ; it was 
a brick house and was on the northeast corner of the block 
above us, facing east. President Young was a great friend to 
my parents. I remember, not a great wh-'le after we came to the 
valley in the early fifties, while we were living in the Old Fort. 
President Young had a family party. He sent a sleigh down 
after my father and mother and it snowed all night, and they 
did not come home until morning. We children were snowed in, 
and every one else in the Fort was snowed in until they dug 
themselves out. We were glad when our parents came in the 



MOTHERS IN ISRAEL. 71 

morning- to dig" ns out ; it was like going- up out of a cellar. 
At that time I was 12 years old and my brother was 14 years old. 

The dear little twins I told you of died in Nauvoo. They 
were seven months old at the time I wrote about them when the 
Prophet had one of them. One died when it was eleven months 
old and the one the Prophet had was fifteen months old when 
it passed away of a disease called black canker, and diarrhoea, 
which came among the babies and proved fatal generally. My 
father and mother both died here in St. George. My mother 
died in the year 1880, 27th of June, and my father .died in 1882, 
the 7th of January. They were both 68 years old. They were 
both pioneers of 1861, among the first in camp, as also myself 
and family. It was a very barren and desolate place at that time, 
but it does not take long for the followers of Jesus Christ to 
make the desert blossom as the rose. 

The dear old arm chair, which belonged to the Young fam- 
ily, I would love to keep a little longer as it is all the arm chaii 
I have. 

Truly your friend and sister in the gospel, 

Margaret McIntire Burgess. 

mrs. mary elizabeth turner. 

A SELF-MADE WOMAN. 

The subject of this sketch is a Latter-day heroine. She was 
born in East Mill Creek. Feb. 1, 1850. Daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Archibald Gardner. Married Wm. Turner, Nov. 25, 1865, 
at the age of fifteen, and says if she had it to do over again, she 
would marry at the age of fourteen. She wanted fifteen chil- 
dren, but the Lord only sent her ten. 

Lived in West Jordan until 1890, when she and her husband 
moved to Bedford, Wyo.. where, with their small family, they 
lived in a tent. Then a big snow storm came, and they could 
see it would be impossible to live in a tent all winter, so the men 
in the community cut a road over a big mountain and hauled logs 
ten miles to build a new home. Mrs. Turner and her husband 
hewed all of the logs, and Mrs. Turner, herself, made all of the 
window frames, all of the doors, and did all of the finishing, in- 
side, of her new home. She made every piece of furniture but 
the stove, and today is using the same bedstead, cupboard and 
dresser. She made all of the carpet used, as well as all of the 
bedding. And she and her daughter took sheep ,skin in its crude 
state, sheared it, carded wool, and made forty yards of cloth. 
Mrs. Turner wore a dress made from this cloth for eleven years, 
and then gave it to a squaw for future use. 



72 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

There were no schools in this country for a few years, so 
Mrs. Turner taut^ht her children to read and write. She was 
president of the Bedford Relief Society for some time, ami used 
to walk to Afton, Wyo., a distance of ten miles through four feet 
of snow to g"et to conference. She has heen a member of the 
Relief Society ever since she moved to Wyoming, and during all 
of this time has helped the sick and needy whenever she could. 
When people were in trouble they would wave a flag in the day 
time and fire a gun ofif at night, and she has answered the call of 
a gun many a time, in all kinds of weather, and has thus traveled 
many miles through the deep snow.. 

Since her husband's death, she has oi^erated a saw mill, living 
next door, she superintends every item, hiring men to do the actual 
labor, and has earned every cent of money for her livelihood, 
reared her children, schooled them, and married them off. She 
harvests her own crops, kills her own cattle, and is capable of 
keeping herself entirely, by creating personally the supply for 
every bodily need. This year she dug her garden with a spade 
and has raised enough wheat, vegetables, and fruit to keep herself 
and six men for the coming year. 

All of her surplus is used in 'doing temple work. When her 
crops are finished she spends what time and money she has in 
the Salt Lake Temple working for the dead. 

While Mrs. Turner was a resident of Utah, and during the 
time so many people were on the underground, she went every 
week for two years to the penitentiary where several of her rela- 
tives and friends were serving sentences for the cause of polyg- 
amy, got their soiled clothing, took it home, laundered it, and 
returned it to them. 



THE NOBLE WEAKER SEX. 

The weaker sex 

Is that portion 

Of the human race 

Who goes down -town 

In zero w^eathcr 

Tn a half-masted lace waist 

.\nd pumps 

To buy a muffler 

And woolen socks 

For her husband 

So he can go to work. 

— Arkansas Ga-zette. 



If I Could Live My Life Again. 

If I could live my life again, 

A nobler standard I'd maintain. 

I'd put aside all selfish greed, 

And from my soul I'd strive to weed 

All falsehood, malice, envy, too. 

And to mv better self be true. 



^f I could live my life again. 
I'd sing with joy Life's glad refrain 
Of golden harvests, fragrant flowers. 
Of singing birds and sunny hours. 
I'd seek the lovely hearts "and sad. 
And sing my song to make them glad. 

If I could live my life again, 

I'd bravely take my share of rain. 

Of frost and snow, and winds that blow. 

And through my trials try to grow 

In grace and wisdom, as each day, 

I journey on my toilsome way. 

If I could live my life again. 

I'd try to ease the care and ])ain 

Of fellow pilgrims on Life's road. 

Who toil beneath their heavy load. 

I'd share their burdens, smooth the wa\- 

With kindly words and deeds each day. 

If I could live my life again, 

I'd speak well of my fellow men. 

Each day IW seek to do some deed 

Of worth, to plant some fertile seed 

Of hope in the despairing breast. — 

Then age woidd bring content and rest. 

Mrs. Parley Nelson, 
manti, utah. 



The Gospel Among the Lamanites. 

The Lamanites are surely awakening^ to the need of the 
go^iel of Jesus Christ in their life work here, aiwi in the re- 
demption of their dead who have gone before. It may surprise 
some of our readers to know that we have already five Laman- 
ite Relief Societies, located in the Xonhwestem States Mission. 
Idaho. Utah. Arizona, and Canada. Some of these Societies are 
cwnparatively old in point of organization and some are but 
recentlv organized. We shall give some data concerning th^n 
in future issues of the Relief Society MAa\zixE- 

The hopes and faith of the LaUer-day Saints are bound up 
in this awakening and such evidences as are presented to us have 
a direct appeal to oar »ouls. The following incident was re- 
lated by President Edward J. Wood of the Alberta Stake of 
Zion durii^ the late October conference in the Temple Annex 
services: 

Tbe jwresent head of the Blackfoot Indians is a young man 
named G^raith. nephew of the old chieftain who died some time 
since. This yotmg man is a halfbreed son of a Scotch father and 
the daughter of a full blood Blackfoot woman. He married one 
of oar good ^Mormon" girls who has sought diligently for his 
conversion to the faith. He accompanied her usually to the 
quarterly amferences held in Cardston from their home on 




CAN \D.\ TEMPLE AS IT IS TODAY. 



THE GOSPEL AMONG THE LAMANITES. 



/:>■ 



Blackfoot Reserve, just acrcss the international boundary line. 
He has a beautiful home worth many thousands of dollars and he 
is a man of great importance and intluence both in his tribe and 
amongst the white people of that region. At an Alberta stake 
conference held last year, among the visitors from Salt 
Lake was Elder Joseph F. Smith, Jr., of the Council of the 
Twelve. When the young- man entered the Cardston tabernacle 
and saw the face of Elder Smith who was sitting on the stand, he 
felt a strong impression to apply for baptism, hut he did not heed 
the whispering voice. When the next stake conference came 




JOHN GALBELAITH AND HIS L'N'CLE. 

Taken some vears aaro while on a visit to Washington, D. C. 



76 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



around he did not go on Saturday. That night he dreamed that 
he was in the stake tabernacle, and he saw his deceased uncle with 
five other principal men of his people, also deceased, sitting under 
the gallery, at the opening of the meeting. The President of the 
stake beckoned with his finger to these Lamanite representatives 
to come to the stand, which they all did, and then the old chief- 
tain arose to ,speak from the pulpit. As he did so he beckoned 
to his nephew also to come up to the stand, and the young man 
went accordingly. The old chieftain spoke eloquently and mov- 
ingly of his people behind the veil — that they were waiting and 
longing for help from this side, that their redemption might be 
accomplished. He also said he was sent to speak for many of 
his people who could not come themselves, and finally, turning 
to his nephew, he said : "You are the only representative of our 
line left upon the earth and we want you to do the work for 
them." When the old chieftain sat down his nephew asked him 
what work he referred to and how he could do it, but the old 
chieftain replied that when he was upon his feet he spoke in a 
tongue unfamiliar to him, and now that he sat down it was im- 
possible for him to recall the tongue or the completion of his 
message ; "but," the old chieftain added, "there are those right 
around you who can tell you exactly what to 'do to fulfil this 
great mission." 

So deeply impressed was the young chieftain that he pre- 
sented himself the next day, which was the Sabbath day, 
at the conference. At the noon hour he approached President 
Wood and said he would like to talk with him a little while, if 
he had time to spare. President Wood looked at him and re- 
plied immediately : "I know whqt you want. You want to be 
baptized." The young man acknowledged that that was his 







CANADA TEMPLE AS IT WILL BE WHEN COMPLETED. 



THE GOSPEL AMONG THE LAMANITES. 77 

purpose and wish, if President Wood had time to attend to it. 
"We have always time," replied Brother Wood, "to attend to 
such an important matter as that. I'll refer the matter at once to 
the bishop." 

That evening, at the conclusion of the afternoon session, they 
repaired to the banks of the stream to fulfil this duty. Almost 
every man, woman and child from Cardston — several hundred 
in all — gathered on the banks of the stream to witness this re- 
markable baptism. 

Standing- there with uncovered head the young man related 
this circumstance and bore his powerful testimony to the truth 
of ''Mormonism" and to the work which would be accomplished 
for his people in the Canadian temple, which is nearing com- 
pletion. 

Who can doubt that these are the last days and that the 
Book of Mormon is a divinely prepared and translated book; 
that it is the history of the people who inhabited this continent 
and who are the ancestors of the young man to whom this 
testimony has been given? 



TRUE FRIENDS.. 

E'en though our barks may drift apart, 

All down the stream of time; 
The road to you is smooth and sweet, 

While pain and trouble mine; 

Your smiles are from a glad, light heart, 
But I must smile through tears ; 
t While hours to you pass quickly by, 

They seem to me as years ; 

In stately mansions you may dwell, 

An humble cot I share; 
The sun beams brightly on your path, 

But fills mine dark with care ; 

No matter what our portions be 

Until the journey ends. 
Whatever comes into our lives, 
Let us still be friends ! 

Edith McClendon. 
Mesa, Arizona. 



Mother's Valentine. 

By Diana Parrish. 

The door bell rang violently. Bea, Viola and Mignon all 
rushed to answer it. \'iola got there first and pulled in a paste- 
board box more than two feet long. 

"American beauties," breathed the girls in a chorus. 

"For you, Mignon," squealed Viola. "Marvin must have 
spent an entire month's salary." 

Mignon shrugged her shoulders gracefully. 

"I should think a girl could have long-stemmed roses, once 
in a while without — " 

The door bell rang again. 

Mignon jerked it open and stood face to face with a grinning 
messenger boy with a red nose and a twinkle in his eye. 

"Sign, please." 

While Mignon signed for the tiny package the others ex- 
amined the card. 

"It's mine," cied Viola. She tore off the wrapping with 
eager fingers. 

"Look!" A little gold heart set with pearls rested on a 
fascinating satin background. 

"Lovely." Mignon and Bea gave their sister an ecstatic hug 
in unison. 

"Only engaged girls can have jewelry — the rest of us must 
take 'perishable goods,' " laughed Bea. 
. Another violent ring. 

"Never rain^ but what it pours," sang Viola. She swung 
open the door. 

"I made a mistake and should 'a left this here thing wit' th' 
other 'un." grinned the same red-nosed messenger, thvs time with 
several twinkles in his eye. "Sign here, please." 

On the big package Bea caught a glimpse of the bold hand- 
writing which she could have picked out of a thousand. 

"For me!" Bea grasped it excitedly and ran to the living 
room. On the packings of soft tissue emerged a gorgeous scar- 
let heart tied with fascinating satin ribbon which held a card in- 
scribed "To my Valentine." 

"Sweetheart chocolates ! A'ance knows what the road to your 
heart is paved with !" 

"Candy is just as nice a gift as flowers," pouted Bea. She 
undid the cover. 

"Have a chocolate, mother? The square ones are delicious. 
I think you'll like the round ones, father." 



MOTHER'S VALENTINE. 79 

The other girls took out their gifts, laughing meanwhile at 

Bea's peevishness. • i if r^rr,i-nrlq me " 

"Thev are beautiful valentuies. girls. It reminds me- 

Mother c]i6 not finish but looked musingly mto the hre 

"very nice indeed," commented father, who glanced at 

mother and fell to fidgeting his evening paper. 

"What do the valentines remind you of, mother? you didn t 

^'''' Mother smiled sweetly and shot a glance in father's direction. 
Father appeared to be deeply engrossed m the news. 

"I was just thinking of one Valentine night forty years ago, 

began^mother,^^^^ ago!" exclaimed Bea somewhat horrified. 

"Mother, surely you're not — " , . u i 

"Yes, I arn, my dear. I'll be fifty-nine next birthday— or is 

it only fifty-eight?" • , ,, ^ wru^*- 

"Never mind which, mother, go on with the story. What 

^^^^"On that fateful day," laughed mother, "I had to decide be- 
tween your father and J-well, I'll just call him Jess for the 

^^^^^"dTwc know him, mother?" clamored the girls. "Tell -us 
his real name, we want to know who might have been our father.^^ 

Mother shook her head. "Only the victors are remembered. 

Father's newspaper rattled considerably. 

"Please tell his real name," begged Bea. 

A mischievous dimple which had almost forgotten to come 
made its appearance at the corner of mother's mouth. 

"It would not be fair— Anyway, as I was saying, Jess and 
father had been coming to see me for nearly a year. Before I 
met father I had 'kept companv'— that's what we used to call it— 
with Jess. Then father appeared on the scene and engaged all 
my time that was not promised to Jess. In the winter we went 
skating on Hot Spring Lake, to dances in the Fourteenth Ward 
and to the theatre. In the summertime we went to Calder's Park 
and Chase's ^lill. They were way out in the country in those 
days and looked like wild woods. We used to drive around the 
old mill with our buggv and then eat our p'cnic on the long- 
orchard grass under the trees. As I went out with the two boys I 
could not decide for the life of me which one I liked best— was 
it father, or was it Jess? — 

Another agitated rustle of the newspaper. 
"Just before Christmas less went to St. George and before 
going asked me to be his wife. I told him I was undecided as 
to whether I loved him enough to marry him so he said he woul:I 



80 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

wait for my answer until he came back on Valentine Day. lie 
also made me promise that I would not engage myself to father 
while he was gone. 

"The day after Jess left, father asked me to marry him. I 
told him the .same thing I had told Jess — that I was not sure of 
how I really felt. 

" 'I'm sure enough for both of us,' said father, 'and I'll speak 
to your father right away and we can be married in the spring.' 

"I was rather impressed by father's business-like methods, 
for Jess had seemed quite content to wait for a few months for 
his answer. But Jess on the other hand was bigger and more 
handsome than father." 

Decided rattling of the newspaper. 

"What did father look like, mother," interrupted Mignoi.. 
"Doesn't it seem funny to think of father and mother being 
young like us and making love !" 

"Father's hair was coal black, although you'd hardly believe me 
to look at it now. His skin was white and his cheeks were pink 
enough to have been a girl's. He was quite a dandy in his dres:. 
and had a new cravat every time he came to see me." 

The girls looked at father in silence for a few moments, 
noting the plain grey suit which was anything but "dandified," 
his small bow tie, his square-towed, old fashioned boots, then his 
white hair growing dangerously thin near the top, his wrinkled 
skin and rather pale face. 

"And mother were you as — " Mother caught the embar- 
rassed look in her daughter's eye as Viola glanced at her figure. 

"My dear, I have been getting fatter every year for thirty 
years. Then I was as slim as you, and father's arm went quite 
easily around my waist." 

"Go on with the story, mother, please, I can't wait," begged 
Bea. 

"Well, when Jess was out of the way, father gave me no 
peace. If he left me at midnight, he would send me a note before 
breakfast, he would perhaps dash down to see me during his 
lunch hour and come again immediately after supper. But I 
was still undecided, for Jess was writing me very appealing let- 
ters. Father continued to press me for an affirmative answer. 
He would not consider one in the negative. As Valentine day 
drew near I told father that Jess was coming back. 

" 'Marry me now,' begged father, 'and don't keep Jess hang- 
ing on any longer." 

" 'I've promised to wait until he comes, and besides I am not 
so sure that he cannot make me entirely happy,' I replied. 

"Father smiled jauntily. 'Never mind then ; I can wait.' I 
could not have quenched h'm if T had poured a bucket of ice 
water down his back. 



MOTHER'S VALENTINE. 81 

"On Valentine Day I was very much agitated, as you can 
imagine. x\t four o'clock I put on my plum-colored plush dress 
(it had a bustle very much like Viola's new one) because it was 
Jess's favorite of all my dresses. Then I went out on the front 
porch to see the train from St. George go by. On the front plat- 
form of the last coach stood Jess. As I waved to him he smiled 
and raised his -hat with a bow that made my heart go pit-a-pat. 
I was very glad that I had not promised to marry father. 

"Just as I was thinking this the train whirled by and there 
on the rear platform stood father waving his hat and grinning, 
yes, actually grinning. He looked so cock-sure of having every- 
thing his own way, that I was quite furious about his being there. 

"About seven that night a beautiful Avhite satin valentine 
painted with blue forget-me-nots came. I was afraid to admire 
it too much for fear it came from father and I felt that I was 
quite ready to tell that gentleman that he need not bother to oome 
to see me any more because I was going to say 'yes' to Jess. At 
that moment the door bell rang and Elsie, yes, your Aunt Elsie 
let in Jess. 

"He was very pale, but I thought it made him look the hand- 
somer. I was feeling rather pale myself as we went into the 
parlor — " 

"Did they do that in those day, too, mother," put in Bea. 
Mother merely ,smiled. 

"We were both very much agitated although we tried not 
to show it and talked about the weather in St. George, the spring 
crop, Sallie Brown's latest beau. Finally Jess said, 'Well, what 
is the answer?' 

"As I looked at Jess, so tall and straight, with such glowing 
brown eyes, such a charming smile, I felt that I really loved him. 
I just started to say, 'I'll marry you,' when Elsie tapped on the 
door and a minute after father walked in carrying a iDOuquet of 
lillies-of-the-valley. 

'.' ' Hello, am I intruding? I thought you would not be here 
so early, Jess, and that I'd have time to deliver my valentine in 
person.' 

"Father smiled and put out his hand toward Jess. Jess 
looked at me and then at father. He went deathly white and 
then fiery red. Finally he blurted out, 'Well, of all' the damned 
nerve! You've dogged my trail ever since I reached town and 
now I begin to think you were on the train for the same purpose. 
I'm through with the whole thing!" 

"In his excitement, he brushed past us nearly knocking me 
over, caught up his coat and hat and marched out of the house. 

"Father grinned and handed me the lillies-of-the-valley. 
"'Do I win?'" 



82 Klil. nil- SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"Then what hap])ene(l. mother? You always stop at the 
most excitin.^ place," complained Mis^non. 

"Well then—" 

The door bell ran:^- viciously. Father started up with a 
nervous jump as the girls ran to the door and came back with a 
small box. 

"Why, it's for you, mother I The snow has blotted the name 
so I can hardly read it." 

"About time — thought they would never get here," muttered 
father under his breath . He ducked his head further down be- 
hind his paper. 

Mother opened the box and pushed away the waxed paper. 
Dainty s,prays of lillies-Hof-the-valley pushed their heads up 
saucily. 

"To My \^ilentine," mother read slowly from the card. She 
looked up rather bashfully at father, just in time to catch him 
peering anxiously over h's newspaper. 

\"iola looked significantly at the girls and started for the 
door. 

"They're beautiful, dear." began mother softly. 

".Xren't you sorry you didn't take Jess?" Father came over 
to mother's chair. "T heard you say he was handsomer than me." 

"You old silly ! I almost believe you are getting bashful 
in your old age!" 

Father smiled with relief. 

"Sometimes, dear, I worry for fear I haven't quite come up 
to the mark — that I haven't been as successful as I told you T 
would be and that you have had to work too hard — much harder 
than if you had married Jess — " 

"Father! How^ can vou suggest such an idea? You are the 
only—" 

Whereupon father took courage and resumed the bold ways 
of his youth as he wdTis.perefl to his sweetheart once again "the 
sweetest storv ever told." 



JOHN ST. JOHN. 

Nephi Anderson has written another of his thoroughly in- 
teresting and spiritually sound stories. He has chosen Nauvoo 
as the setting for this faith-promoting and pure little love story. 
The characters stand nut quite clearly while the action is much 
cjuickcr and more vivid tlian anything the author has yet done. 
The reader makes the generation jump between the last two chap- 
ters without blinking an eye, but one might be glad of a bit of a 
ladder up or down with a glimpse or two of events between the 
ladder-steps. However, this book is worthy of first place in our 
Mormon fiction literature and we heartily commend it to all our 
readers. 



February Home Entertainment. 

Morag. 

Birthday Calendar. 

Feb. 4— President Charles W. Penrose's birthday. 

Feb. 9 — Patriarch Hyrum Smith's birthday. 

Feb. 12 — Lincoln's birthday. 

Feb. 14 — St. Valentine's birthday. 

Feb. 22 — George \\^ashing'ton's birthday. 

Feb. 27 — Long-fellow's birthday. 

Feb. 29 — President Emmeline B. Wells' birthday. 

The February hostess has a number of days on which she 
can entertain. The two holidays mentioned will be cele- 
brated in a patriotic way by all loyal Americans. Literary people 
will pay due honor to our great poet, Longfellow, and the young 
folks will enjoy their Valentine .parties. For our Home Evening 
let us take the life of Hyrum Smith, the Patriarch, or the life of 
President Charles W. Penrose, as a subject. 

The Relief Societies throughout the world will do honor to 
our beloved President Emmeline B. Wells on this her ninetieth 
birthday. Materials for a program can be found in any of the 
Church magazines, in her poems, her writings, her unlimited 
efforts in behalf of the cause of woman. All women of Zion 
will unite to greet thee and wish thee continued health and hap- 
piness on thy natal day, our own loved Aunt Em. 

A "'Penrose" program. 

Sing hymn, "Oh, Ye Mountains High." 

Biographical sketch. 

Read hymn, ''Beautiful Zion for Me." 

President Penrose as a writer and poet. 

Sing hymn, "School Thy Feelings, Oh My Brother." 

Extracts from sermons. 

Sing hymn, "Up, Awake, Ye Defenders of Zion." 

CHURCH ENTERTAINMENT. 

A Pie Supper fa sure money-maker). 

The invitation : 

Here are the pies you like the best, 

We're willing now to stand the test. 

Our pies are good, you cannot beat them. 

So come along and help to eat them. 
Place Time Admission cents. 



84 RBLIHP SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Serve : Individual chicken and meat pies. 
Rolls, celery, cocoa, mince and pumpkin pies. 
If no admission is charged, serve supper cafeteria style at so 
much per portion. 

AN EVENING WITH PATRI-^RCH HYRUM SMITH. 

The Patriarchal order was instituted in the days of Adam, 
and came down by lineage (See Doc. and Gov. Sec. 107). 

Of the Patriarchal authority the Lord has said: (Read Sec- 
tion 124:91-96). 

The History of Joseph Smith says : "An evangelist is a 
Patriarch, even the oldest man * * * * of the seed of 
Abraham." 

The first Patriarch of the Church in this dispensation was 
Joseph Smith, Sr., father of the prophet. He was ordained to 
this office on December 18, 1833, under the hands of Joseph 
Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon and Frederick G. Wil- 
liams. He traveled throughout the Church and preached the 
gospel and gave blessings to many hundreds of people. He died 
September 14, 1840. 

A little over four months later his son Hyrum Smith was 
called by revelation to become his successor (Read Sec. 124. Doc. 
and Cov.) 

Brief biography : Born Feb. 9, 1800, at Tunbridge, Vermont. 
Moved to western New York, about 1819. Married Jerusha 
Borden, 1826, by whom he had six children, Lovina, Mary, John, 
Hyrum, Jerusha, Sarah. After his wife's death he married Mary 
Fielding, in 1837, by whom he had Joseph F. and Martha. Bap- 
tized in Seneca Lake June 29, by the Prophet Joseph. Became 
one of the eight witnesses to the Book of Mormon. Nov. 7, 1837, 
was made Second Counselor to President Joseph Smith. Called 
by revelation to Patriarch's office, Jan. 19, 1841. Martyred with 
Joseph on June 27, 1844. 

Of him the Lord said, "Blessed is my servant Hyrum Smith, 
for I, the Lord, love him, because of the integrity of his heart, 
and because he loveth that which is right before me, saith the 
Lord." 

Impress on the hearts of the young folks the lessons of his 
faithfulness to the work of the Lord, unflinching fidelity to his 
brother Joseph, purity of heart, and all the other good qualities 
that belonged to this wonderful man. For other data see Life of 
Joseph Smith and early Church works. A splendid sermon on 
the "Word of Wisdom" was given on page 490, Relief Society 
Magazine, Vol. 2, 1915. 



FEBRUARY HOME ENTERTAINMENT. 85 

Suitable hymns : "Sing, Sing the Wondrous Story," "Father 
of Life and Light," "Oh Give me back my Prophet Dear." 

In every stake of the Church there is ordained a local Patri- 
arch who acts under the direction of the Presiding Patriarch of 
the Church. 

Have you had a patriarchal blessing? If not, then read 
Genesis 27, call your family together, invite the Patriarch and a 
scribe to be present ; make a little feast as they did in days of old, 
and receive a blessing through the Patriarch of the Lord, which 
shall be unto you as a light unto your feet, a comfort in time of 
trial, and a "rod of iron" to guide you until the end of life's 
journey. 

KNITTING BEE. 

Knitting bees are very popular just now, and a pleasant time 
may be spent by a group of happy women at the home of one of 
their number. Provide some good music, a good Victrola will be 
of use here, or have an interesting story read, or pass papers 
with a list of famous "Mormon" women. These may be guessed 
while the needles click merrily. The clue is given in the de- 
scriptive puzzle and also the initials of the word. A simple prize 
may be given to the one who guesses all the names correctly. 

Serve sweet apple cider or fruit punch, apple cake, and stick 
candy. 

DELICIOUS APPLE CAKE. 

(Eggless, milkless, butterless.) 
2 cups sugar (or one sugar and one of syrup). 

1 cup shortening. 

2 cups sour apple sauce (rub through sieve), 
1 cup chopped nuts. 

1 cup chopped raisins. 

Mix in order named. Sift together 4 cups of flour, 2 level 
teaspoons soda and spices to taste ; add to other ingredients. Bake 
one and a quarter hours in moderate oven or until done. 





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FAMILY OF WILLIAM JENNINGS TAKEN IN PIONEER DAYS. 

Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings. 

To the members of the family of Sister Priscilla Paul Jen- 
nings: 

To each member of the General Board of the Relief Society 
the sound of the New Year bells of 1918 brought both .sadness 
and joy, sadness because we knew that the bells of heaven would 
soon call home, from the school of life, our sister Priscilla Paul 
Jennings; joy because we had been privileged to live in the light 
of her inspiration and love. 

Our Father in heaven could have bestowed no greater bles- 
sing upon you than the honor of being the children of such a 
mother. Ever gentle, just and true, her spirit in tune with the 
harmonies of heaven and a Christ-like humanity in her heart, 
she lived the life of a Latter-day Saint. To say nothing of the 
spiritual things she did, the radiation of her spirit alone spread 
abroad countless influences for good. 

Realizing our love for her, we can imagine how you will 
miss her. Familiar as we are with her artistic ideals of life, we 
know what the loss of that "welcome home" will mean to you. 
With like characteristic modesty she walked quietly and peace- 
fully among her friends and associates. Her deeds of kindness, 
unknown to the world, are almost limitless. Ever seeking the 
poor and helpless she was a comfort and ministering angel. Ever 
anxious for the triumph of virtue she ceaselessly worked and 
prayed for those living in the cloud of temptation. 

Ever in tune with the teachings of Christ, she taught, by ex- 
ample, the love of humanity. 



THE ESSENTIAL. ' 87 

To the members of the General Board of the ReHef Society 
she was ever kind, moving among us with grace and courtesy, 
ever bringing cheer and happiness. 

Xot only material, but also intellectual and spiritual were her 
contributions, always given as freely as God gave them to her, 
for God blessed her as few women have been blessed, with a spirit 
that found a halo of peace, and wrapped her in its folds, only 
giving her warmth when it brought comfort into the lives of 
others. 

We loved her, because she was true to herself, her family, 
humanity and God. 

We honored her, because in her humility of spirit she com- 
forted the sick, helped the poor, brought hope to the wayward 
and taught a living trust in God. 

We join in sending sympathy with a fervent prayer that the 
peace and faith of her life will ever remain as a heritage to her 
family and friends. 

Let her image ever remain with us as the image of a woman 
in whom the divine self had triumphed and through whom, there- 
fore, as through a transparent medium, eternal reality shines to 
make all life purer, braver, freer, gladder and gentler. 

Ida S. Dusenberry, 
Committee on Resolutions. Carrie S. Thomas, 

TuLiA P. M. Farnsworth. 



The Essential. 



By Nephi Anderson. 

The young man had just asked the father for the hand of 
his daughter, supporting his claim by a recital of what his worldly 
prospects were ; and, it must be acknowledged, for a young man 
just out of school, they were fairly good. 

The father looked keenly but not unkinc'ly at the young 
couple as they stood before him with nerves all atingle. Then he 
said: 

'Tt doesn't matter so much when you live or where you live 
or how you live, but it matters very much with whom you live." 

The young man and the g'rl looked at each other inquiringly. 

"I want both of you to think about this which I have just 
said," continued the father — and he repeated the statement. "If. 
after considering it for a day or two, there is anything about -it 
you do not understand, come to me again." The father turned 
again to his book, by way of dismissal. A little f'azed, a little 
awkwardly, they left the room. 

The next dav thev were back. 



88 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"We have thought about what you said yesterday," an- 
nounced the young- man, "and we have come for further explana- 
tion. We do not fully understand what you mean." 

"I suppose you take no exceptions to the latter part of my 
statement?" questioned the father. 

"Oh, no, papa." replied the girl ; "we agree with that entirely ; 
but we also think it important where and when and how we live." 

"I did not say it was not important, my daughter. I said it 
doesn't matter so much, and by that I mean that it is not absolutely 
essential to one's happiness, as some people seem to think. Sit 
down ; I must prove my contention. I see. Mother is busy with 
her knitting, but she also may listen." 

The white haired mother from her easy chair sm-led serenely 
upon all of them, but she said nothing. 

"I am going to make my explanations under three headings," 
went on the father, — "when, where, and how. The statement I 
made yesterday must have appeared somewhat startling to you ; 
and I'll admit that without further explanation, it might be mis- 
understood. First, then, the when. We live in the days of elec- 
tric cars, electric lights, telephones, and automobiles. Mother and 
I, at your age, lived in the days of ox-teams and tallow candles. 
Now, it is not an essential to happiness that one speeds quickly 
from place to place, or that one must view the beauty of a face 
under the glare of electric light ; but it matters very much who 
you have with you in your journey whether swift or slow and 
whose face it is that beams into yours. I'm not saying I do not 
enjoy our automobile— for I do — but T could be happy without it. 
mother and I still driving Old Nig. with hands free from the 
reins to do with as we please !" 

He looked slyly at his wife, but she appeared not to notice. 

"Then, as to the where we live : Why, mother and I spent 
S'ome of the happiest days of our lives under our dirt-roofed cabin 
which you may still see down in the corner of the pasture lot. 
And the country was wild and rough in those days. Shortly after 
we were married, we were called to settle one of the southern 
counties. Now, some people have an idea that happiness depends 
altogether on one's living in a certain place. That's foolish. One 
place is about as good as another if the one you live with also 
thinks so. Mother and I became so attached to our crude wilder- 
ness home that when we were released, we disliked leaving it 
* * * * Yes, I would rather live in peaceful content in the 
remotest parts of the land than without that in the finest palace 
in the city. 

"Then, the how we live : I mean by this, not how we conduct 
ourselves, for that is extremely important, but I refer to the social 
and financial plane on which we live. For illustration again, 



THE ESSENTIAL. 89 

mother and I, wehn we started out, lived on the plainest, often 
the coar.stest, foods. It was scarce al&o, and the soup-bone was 
clean and dry when we got through with it. As for dress, good, 
strong homespun did excellent service. And this I can say also, 
that although mother even when a girl, had to make the cloth ; she 
did not skimp the quantity ; there was always enough so that she 
did not have to cut it short both top and bottom, as some poor 
people do nowadays.'.' 

The father .did not look at his daughter — ^he was looking out 
of the window at a passing automobile — so why should her face 
redden? 

"I fear the young people of today could not be happy without 
modern homes and stylish clothes. Mind you, I'm not objecting 
to these things, for they are good in their time and place. What 
I contend for it that life's happiness should not depend on them 
to the extent that should they be taken away, happiness also would 
depart. 

"Coming now to the last statement, that which matters most 
is with whom you are mated. Now, here are you two young 
people: you think you have found the only person in the whole 
world for each other. I hope you have; but time and trouble 
only can prove that. Love-light is so glaring in the beginning 
that it obliterates all imperfections. Have vou two ever quar- 
reled ?" 

"Well, — sometimes, papa, but — " 

"Kitten play, that's all. You haven't begun to live yet. Sup- 
pose, for instance, one or both of you should develop the trait, 
now hidden, of ungovernable temper. What would you do? 
Would you control yourselves, give in to each other? Can you 
at times agree to disagree and not quarrel over it? AVhen life 
gets to be somewhat a hum-drum affair, will you be able to glorify 
its commonplaces, and see the silver lining to every cloud ? After 
all, my girl and my boy, for I must call you that now, it's the life 
of the spirit that counts ; the condition within our hearts is the 
all-important ; the attitude of the mind colors all outward things, 
giving them either a cast of darkness or an aurora of light * * 
Have you now an idea of what I meant by the statement that it 
doesn't matter so much when you live or where you live or how 
you live, but it matters very much with whom you live ?=;=** 
Just another word : If you'll always see to it that the Spirit of the 
Lord lives with you, you will be well fortified for all th'ngs else." 

The young man and the girl arose as if to greet with more 
respect the father's closing statement. Then the girl, with glad, 
tearful cry threw her arms about her father. The young man 
stepped to the side of the mother and intently watched her knit- 
ting. 



War Economy in Dress. 

Mrs. Lillian H . Cannon. 

The great reason for war economy in the use of essential 
thing-s is that the supply of these articles is not as great as the de- 
mand for them. Nearly the whole world is calling upon the 
United States to furnish them with things that are absolutely 
necessary for existence. In order to meet this call, rich and poor 
alike in this blessed land of ours must restrain themselves from 
buying things that are not indispensable to health and comfort. 
In ordinary times it would be folly for those who have means 
not to buy generously, because that might cause a surplus in pro- 
duction which would in turn afifect the prosperity of the country. 
But these are not ordinary times ! What we refrain from buying 
now, especially things we don't need, and which other people of 
the world do need badly, helps to make the world-supply equal to 
the world-demand. With this thought in mind no public sp'rite 1 
woman with love of humanity at heart would willingly spend one 
cent for an article of food, clothing, or furnishing which some 
one else neede more badly than she. Tt is not a question of mone\' 
at all, but a question of the world's supply and demand. The 
supply is probably great eonugh, if those, in this country espe- 
cially, who can well afford to economize will do so, thus releasing 
supplies for those who are in sore need of them. 

Ever since Eve fashioned her first dress of fig leaves women 
have been more or less concerned over their clothes. It is natural 
and right that this should be the case, for as that great philoso- 
pher Shakespeare said over three hunlred years ago, "The 
apparel oft proclaims the man." He didn't say "always." He 
was too truthful and wise for that. He said "oft," which is the 
truth. W are often judged by the clothes we wear ; their clean- 
liness, neatness, style, .suitability, becomingness, etc. 

By "war economy in clothes" this Magazine means, the 
ability on the part of the wearer to look well clothed and taste- 
fully clothed with the least possible expenditure of money. Any 
one can wear the same clothes year after year, if the material is 
good. There is no special virtue in that, but to wear things many 
years and look well-dressed is a very different thing. To illus- 
trate : A woman was speaking on economy in a public meeting. 
Among other things she said: "I have worn this hat for three 
years, and I expect to wear it three more years, if these war con- 
ditions continue that length of time." 

"Mercy," whispered a thoughtless \oung girl to her com- 
panion, "the hat looks like a Noah's ark relic now. What will 
it look like in three vears?" 



WAR ECONOMY IN DRESS. 91 

"The dear, sweet woman had made the opposite impression 
on the voung- girls from the one she desired and intended. They 
at once decided they wouldn't economize if they had to look like 
she did. 

The next speaker, neatly and correctly gowned, said practic- 
ally the same things. She had worn her clothes a long time, too, 
with no more cost, probably, but her appearance was so dainty 
and tasteful that the young girls thought if she could look well 
and wear clothes such a long time they could .surely do the same. 

To be truly economical in clothing, a woman must bear in 
mind four things when she is buying: material, color, style, anl 
becomingness. This is true of all articles : hats, coats, suits, 
dresses, shoes, etc. 

Let us again quote Shakespeare: "Costly thy apparel as 
thv purse can buy, but not expressed in fancy ; rich, not gau'ly." 

Can you find naything more to the point in any fashion 
magazine, or anywhere else? 

"Costly thy apparel as thy purse can buy." This has to do 
with the material. By "costly" he means the best of its kind. If 
a woman is going to have a gingham dress she should buy the 
best she can afford. It is economical because the colors are fast 
and it will wear well. The cheap things are often the dear things 
in the end. A good gingham looks well until it is worn out. 
A cheap gingham looks badly after the first laundering. If she 
is go'ng to buy a dress of woolen material the thrifty purchaser 
should get the best her purse can buy. She shouldn't get silk at 
all unless she can buy the best. The suitability of the material 
for the purpose which it is to serve should govern the purchaser, 
but she should still choose the best quality and value. 

Referring to our quotation from Shakespeare, we find he 
says, "Not expressed in fancy; rich, not gaudy." Th's is a ques- 
tion of both color and material. Nearly ever yyear we have on 
the market new weaves of goods. Last year we had jersey cloth. 
A woman who is buying with economy must resolutely turn away 
from these new materials because the chances are they will be in 
style only a short time. She will be a marked woman if she wears 
them after thev have Sfone out of style. They are always more 
expensive than the staple materials. Shakespeare would, no 
doubt, class the jersey xrloth with those "expressed in fancy." 

There is not nearly so much opportunity of expressing fancy 
i!i material, however, as there is in the color chosen. To be eco- 
nomical a woman must g've up any idea she may have of buying 
br-ght colored clothing and must keep only the neutral shades in 
materials. Lourl checks, mustard, cerise, bright blues, greens, 
purples, may be bright for a change, but not for steady wear. A 
woman mav wear a naw blue, dark geen, black, brown, gray. 



92 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

or tan suit for years and people be unaware that it is not a new 
suit, but not so with the bright colors. All women can reckon to 
the exact date when a friend came out in a Copenhagen blue suit 
or coat. 

The next thing to be considered in our list of economics is 
that of style. 

"Be not the first by whom the new is tried. 
Nor yet the last to lay the old aside." 

It would be folly in buying new things to select old styles. 
A woman, however, should be conservative in her selection of 
styles. She should buy modish things, of course, but not the ex- 
tremes in style if she wishes to wear her clothes a long time. 
She should get the best tailoring she can afford. The style she 
chooses should be as plain and simple as is consistent with the 
modes then in vogue. 

After all that may be said about material, color and style, 
the one thing that is of supreme importance is the cleanness and 
neatness of a woman's attire. A dusty suit, or a 'coat, or shoe*^ 
with buttons off, proclaim the wearer a dowd, no matter how rich 
or stylish or becoming the apparel may be. 

The question of becomingness in apparel is a very important 
one. There are so many different types of women that they 
should study themselves to find out what particular color, etc.. is 
the most becoming to them individually. The curly-haired, 
dainty little woman looks well in fluffy little frocks, but the 
classic-featured woman appears ridiculous in them. There are 
stout women and thin women, short women, and tall women, 
blondes and brunettes. All must choose their own particular 
style and color, and not deviate from this wise choice except in 
minor details. 



MARK TWAIN'S OBSERV.\TIONS. 

There are several good protections against temptation, but 
the surest is cowardice. 

Grief can take care of itself, but to get the full value of a 
joy you must have somebody to divide it with. 

There are two times in a man's life when he should not 
speculate : when he can't afford to and when he can. 

Habit is habit, and not to be flung out of the windows by 
any man, but coaxed down stairs a step at a time. 

Training is everything. The peach was once a bitter almond ; 
cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education. 




By Mrs. Clarissa Smith Williams. 
Red Cross. 

Occasional inquiries come to this office for information con- 
cerning the forming- of Red Cross Relief Society Auxiliaries. We 
should suggest that such inquiries be addressed to Airs. Clarissa 
Smith Williams, Chairman of the Red Cross Committee. 

Patterns and Yarn. , 

All patterns for Red Cross articles and yarn for knitting will 
be furnished at County headquarters or through the Mountain 
Division Red Cro.ss, 14th and Welton Streets, Denver, Colorado. 

Surgical Dressing. 

The Surgical dressings class conducted in our rooms, under 
the direction of Mrs. Rathvan, graduated a number of intelligent 
young women who will be available in good time for class work 
in other parts of the State. 

Our Delegates at the Washington Convention. 

Mrs. Clarissa Smith Williams and Mrs. Emily S. Richards, 
who represented the Rel'ef Society in the National Coun- 
cil of Women, were received with friendly consideration 
on reaching Washington, by Senator Reed Smoot who had 
reserved rooms in one of he new hotels of the city. The 
ladies were treated with great consideration and kindness by all 
members of the Council, from Lady Aberdeen to the last member 
present. Especially cordial was our old friend, that charming and 
efficient suffrage worker, Mrs. Rachel Foster Avery, the special 
protege of Susan B. Anthony. Mrs. Kate Waller Barrett, another 
delightful and genuine friend and now one of the vice-presidents 
of the Council, was also extremely cordial arid helpful to the la- 
dies. 

In Mrs. Williams' five-minute report she conveyed to the 
Council the greetings of our ninety-year young General President 
Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells, the frienrl of Susan B. .-Xnthonv, Fran- 



94 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

ces Willard, May Wright Sewell, Lady Aberdeen and all of the 
old stalwarts in the Council and Suffrage cause. A previous 
speaker had referred to her organization as the mother of all 
women's modern activities, it being- forty years old in point of 
organization. Mrs. Williams brought a round of applause when 
she announced the greetings of the Relief Society which would 
necessarily be the granchnother of all modern women's organi- 
zations, as the Society was over 75 years old. 

The following famous speakers were on the program : Dr. 
Anna Howard Shaw, Countess of Aberdeen, Mrs. John Hays 
TTammond, Mrs. Julia C. Lathrop, Mr. Herbert C. Hoover, Mrs. 
William Jennings Bryan, Miss Jane Addams, Lord Eustace Per- 
cy. British War Commiss'oner, Lieut. Edourd de Billy, French 
High Commissioner. Ex-President William Howard Taft, Mrs. 
Clarissa Smith Williams and Mrs. Martha H. Tingey. The trend 
of all speeches was the necessity of reconstructive work after 
the war. 

Utah's Red Cross Membership. 

The Christmas Red Cross membership drive ended in this 
State with the most gratifying, if not startling results. We quote 
the following from the report of Manager John D. Spencer of 
this State : 

"A total of 34,342 memberships .secured, evidenced by $34,- 
342 collected and turned in, was shown by the drive committee, 
which held a special meeting yesterday afternoon at the Com- 
mercial Club. Chairman John D. Spencer and Secretary J. David 
Larson said that the reports from other sections of the state would 
bring the total membership up to approximately 65,000. 

"This concrete evidence of the signal victory over Denver, 
which threw down the gauntlet with a challenge that it would 
secure twice as many memberships as did Salt Lake City, is nat- 
urallv the source of much gratification to the committee. Ac- 
cording to latest reports Denver secured 58,283 memberships, 
as against Salt Lake's 34,342. Measured by the 1010 census the 
contrast is even more striking. The 1910 population in Denver is 
given as 213,381. that of Salt Lake as 92.777. The quota fixed 
by the national officials of the Red Cross was 10 per cent of the 
population. Salt Lake County's voluntary quota was 25.000 mem- 
berships, the final figures show nearly 10,000 in excess of that 
number." 

Income Tax. 

From \^^ C. Whaley, Collector, Helena, Montana, comes the 
following : 

"You won't have to figure out \o\n own income tax all by 



PATRIOTIC DEPARTMENT. 95 

yourself hereafter. The government is going to send out men to 
help yoil. It will be up to you to hunt up these men, who will be 
■ sent into every county seat town, and some other towns besides, to 
meet the people. Postmasters will be able to tell you when the 
government's income tax man will be around, and where to find 
him. He will answer your questions, sw^ear you to the return, take 
your money, and remove the wrinkles from your brow. Returns 
of income for 1917 must be made between januarv 1 and March 
1, 1918. 

"Next year, when every married person living with wife or 
husband and having a net income of $2,000, and every unmarried 
person not the head of a family and having a net income of $1,000 
for the year 1917. must make return of income on the form 
prescribed, there will be hundreds in every community seeking 
light on the law, and help in executing their returns. IMy own 
district will be divided into districts, with the county as the 
unit, and a government officer informed on the income tax as- 
signed to each district. He will spend hardly less than a week 
in each county, and in some counties a longer time, very likely in 
the courthouse at the county seat town. My office wall in due 
time advise postmasters and send out notices to the newspapers 
stating when the officer will be in each county. 

"It may be stated as a matter of general information that 'net 
income' is the remainder after subtracting expenses from gross 
income. Personal, family or living expense is not expense in the 
meaning of the law. the exemption being allowed to cover such ex- 
pense. 

"Practically every farmer, merchant, tradesman, professional 
man and salary worker and a great many wage workers will be 
required to make return and pay tax. 

"The law makes it the duty of the taxpayer to seek out the 
collector. Many people assume that if an income tax form is not 
sent, or a government officer does not call, they are relieved from 
making report. This is decidedly in error. It is the other way 
round. The taxpayer has to go to the government and if he 
doesn't within the time prescribed, he is a violator of the law, 
and the government will go to him with penalties." 



Current Topics. 

B\ James H. Anderson. 



"Mormon" chapels at Dublan, Mexico, and Bunkerville, 
Nevada, were l)urned down in December. 



Two German prisoners made their escape from Fort Doug- 
las, Utah, the .day before Christmas. 



Ecuador has broken off relations with Germany, and the 
Argentine Republic is on the verge of doing the same thing. 



Thirteen negro soldiers were hanged in December for par- 
ticipating in the riots at Houston, Texas, August 23. 



East Africa has been cleared of German military forces, 
after a three years' campaign by British, French and Belgians. 



Christmas with no snow in the valleys was an experience 
in Utah for 1917, quite unusual. 



Germans and Austrians to the number of hundreds of 
thousands, captured by the Russian armies, have been set at 
liberty. 

Red Cross membership in Utah was expected to be swelled 
to 40,000 in the last week in December ; the number reached was 
70,000. 



Oil fields in Wyoming continue to multiply until it looks 
as if that state alone would be abble to furnish the world its oil 
supply for years to come; 



Canada has voted to uphold conscription. Evidently the 
people there propose that the great war will be carried to a suc- 
cessful finish for their side. 



Prest. Joseph F. Smith returned from California for 
Christmas, his health greatly improved, to the sincere gratification 
of the Latter-dav Saints Sfenerallv. 



Germany is reported to be short of food ; but the Germans ' 
seem to "cut the suit to fit the cloth" in dealing with the food 
item as well as with other situations. 



CURRl.NT TOPICS. 97 

Russia has been divided into five republics, all of them of 
rather uncertain tenure of life, viz.: Finland, Ukraine, Crimea, 
Siberia, and the one under the Bolsheviki at Petrograd. 

Gen. Pershing advises his American troops to "never tell 
anything of a confidential nature to a woman.'' He must have 
learned that on the European side of the Atlantic. 

The Temple at Logan, Utah, was partially destroyed by 
fire in December, but is being repaired rapidly. The loss was 
about $50,000. 

British troops made further headway against the Germans 
in France in December, but the lines there are so firmly held that 
a decisive contest seems many months distant. 

The Jews in both Europe and America are acclaiming 
Great Britain as the sovereign power under which they can return 
in safety and rebuild Palestine and its historic capital. 

Social disease, discovered through the organization of the 
national army to be so prevalent in the United States, is now re- 
ceiving the open antagonism of physicians in civil as well as m 
army life. 

Germany made known its Christmas terms of peace, but 
these were so arrogant and so unassuring for a permanent cessa- 
tion^ of war that the Entente Allies could not consider them fa- 
vorably. 

Strikes in packing plants in the United States, during the 
war, are said to have been safely guarded against by arrange- 
ments entered into in December, between the employes and the 
government department of labor. 

Italy is making stupendous efforts to check the great Austro- 
German drive into her northern territory, and by the aid of British 
and French troops seemed to have gained that end in the latter 
part of December. 

Palestine is not yet relieved from being trodden under foot 
of the Gentile Turk, and may not be for a year or two, but the 
British forces are pushing steadily northward from the line across 
the country between Jerusalem and Jafifa. 

Wm. J. Flynn, who for many years has proven a capable 



98 RELlEl' SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

and successful head of the United States Secret Service, has re- 
signed, ill health being; named as one of the reasons, but the 
others are not made public. 



Winter wheat shows an unusual shortage this season, ac- 
cording- to U. S. Government reports, and farmers are being 
urged to plant a much larger area of spring wheat than is cus- 
tomary. 



Yaqui Indians in Sonora, Mexico, have declared their in- 
dependence from that country, and to gain their object have in- 
stituted a warfare that may have an important effect on Mexico's 
future. 



War with Austria has been declared by the United States 
Congress to be an exist' ng condition, and it will be found neces- 
sary to intern tens of thousands of Austrians in the United States 
as dansrerous aliens. 



The Browning machine gun, invented by a Utah man, and 
adopted by the United States Government, is said by experts 
testifying before the U. S. Senate committee to be superior to any 
other gmi ; but the makers of the latter are disputing the claim. 



Congress began its session in December, and instituted 
investigations into the government food and fuel administrations 
and into army supply affairs in the United States, thereby un- 
covering many unsatisfactory conditions. 



A prohibition amendment to the national Constitution has 
been passed by Congress, and will be submitted to the legislatures 
of the various states. The curse of the saloon is being recog- 
nized, and its removal effectively sought. 



The Scandinavian nations, at a conference held in De- 
cember, decided to remain neutral in the present great conflict 
They think they have enough war being poured out upon them 
in the existing hardships and losses proceefling from the con- 
flict. 



The Bolsheviki government, which overthrew Kerensky 
and seized Petrograd's affairs in Russia, then arranged an armis- 
tice with Germany, has proved an unstable government. Russia 
is in the throes of civil war, with little prospect of improvement 
for a long time to come. 



CURRENT TOPICS. 99 

Numerous government bureaus, national and state, have 
made at the end of 1917 glowing reports of what they have ac- 
complished ; but an analysis shows that many of them have dis- 
played at their chief accomplishment their ability to draw big 
salaries from the public purse. 



Jerusalem and Bethlehem were taken by the British 
troops without the latter destroying any of the buildings in 
either place ; but there was some very hard and difficult fighting 
in the vicinity before the Turks were driven out, on December 
9. The Turks looted the historic churches of all valuable 
property. 



Postmaster General Burleson opposes the forming of 
trades unions among the U. S. postal employes as having no 
legitimate occasion therefore, since the government fixes the 
wages and hours. The labor unions are demanding Mr. Bur- 
leson's removal from President Wilson's cabinet, because of his 
attitude on this matter.. 



Pope Benedict, the Roman pontiff, is cons'dering the prob- 
ability of uniting the Greek and Roman Catholic cnurches under 
the pope's leadership, now that the Russian czar is deposed, ac- 
cording to dispatches from Rome. The union of these two 
branches, taken in connection with their offshoots, would embrace 
the vast majority of the professed Christian work], and truly 
would form a great church. 



Halifax, the great English naval base in the north Atlantic, 
was the scene of the most terrific explosion known in history, on 
December 6. A Belgian relief ship coll'ded with a vessel laden 
with war munitions, and fire and explosion followed, wrecking 
the city of Halifax, killing 1500 people, injuring 4000, and ren- 
dering homeless 25,000 others; while the financial loss is over 
thirty million dollars. 



Jerusalem in the possession of British troops has stirred the 
world at the Christmas of 1917 as never before along the same 
lines. Christian, Hebrew, and agnostic, Gentile and Jew alike, 
in all countries outside of the Teutonic all'ance, have rejoiced; 
and the announcement of David Lloyd George, premier of Great 
Britain, in response to Germany's peace proposition that "Turkev 
remain inact," that "Jerusalem never will be returned to the 
Turks," met with such approving sentiment that it is clear such a 
peace settlement as suggested cannot be made among the contend- 
ing nations. 




By Amy Brown Lyman, General Secretary. 

Sevier Stake. 

In her report to the General Board, Mrs. Julia P. M. Farns- 
worth represented the conditions of the Relief Society in Sevier 
Stake as being both prosperous and active. War gardens have 
been numerous and profitable. Conservation of supplies, by in- 
dividuals, by wards and by stake officers, has been active and pro- 
longed. Particularly interesting was the work of the Home 
Economics department in this excellent stake Relief Society. A 
noticeable feature here was the report of twenty-five orphan chil- 
dren supported by the Relief Societies of the Sevier stake. 

The Monroe South Ward Relief Society certainly made a 
record during the past year through the giving of bazaars, parties, 
the serving of dinners, the making and selling of quilts, through' 
regular donations and the quaint old custom of saving Sunday 
eggs; these women raised and donated $1,282.52 to seat the new 
ward church. They paid $86.91 to carpet the aisles of the 
church. Then they paid $148.25 to freshen and remodel their 
own Society hall with new paint inside and out, new chairs and 
benches, and cement walks around the building. The other 
charity work was not neglected. The Penny Fund received its 
full quota, and they have purchased a Liberty Bond. Also they 
have dried apples and bottled thousands of quarts of fruits and 
vegetables. Good work. 

Tooele Stake. 

The scattered condition of this stake makes it difficult for 
unified work to be carried forward. The foreign element in Gar- 
field and around the smelters is more or less of a drawback to 
the work of the sisters, yet the usual activities are carried on, and 
the Relief Society is the most popular organization in the stake. 

Beaver Stake. 

Especially attractive to the Beaver stake has been the glean- 
ing and storing of wheat during the past season. Most of the 
wheat has been stored in the Richfield elevator. The Home 
Economics club of Beaver City rendered it impractical for home 
science work to be carried on in tjie past season in our Society, 
more's the pity. The women of this stake are faithful, diligent 
and devoted. 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 101 

North Sanpete Stake. 

There are thirteen ward Relief Societies in this stake. Out 
of this number eight Relief Society ward presidents are widows 
with large families. It is a peculiar fact that widows with chil- 
dren often make more of a success of the children and themselves 
than they do when blessed with loving- husbands. In this stake 
the fifth Tuesdays are devoted to visiting the aged members of 
the Society who cannot get out to meetings. One ward Relief 
Sociey is purchasing a hall, and all the Relief Societies bought 
wheat to store against a time of need. 

Morgan Stake. 

All of the branches in this stake are in unusually prosperous 
condition. It was suggested by this stake that there were not 
available rooms in our Relief Society Home for those who wish 
to visit the city to do temple work or to attend conference. As a 
consequence of this report the Relief Society authority conferred 
with the Presiding Bishop's Office and a list of available lodging 
houses has been sent out to every bishop in the Church and can 
be obtained through this office or the Presiding Bishop's Office 
by anyone desiring this information. 

Bear River Stake. 

A Red Cross Auxiliary has been organized recently in this 
stake by Congressman Welling. Prior to this organization the 
Relief Society sisters collected $3,000 for Red Cross work. The 
stake officers planted one acre to potatoes and harvested 318 
bushels from this acre. There are sixteen Relief Society nurses 
in this stake. When questioned by the sisters of this stake, Elder 
Joseph F. Smith, Jr., of the Council of the Twelve, and Patriarch 
Hyrum G. Smith counseled the sisters to purchase wheat with 
their wheat money, and to take good care of it. 

The recent decision of the General Board was that knitting 
shall not be done during our meeting hours except at the regular 
work meetings. The inattention which is an accompaniment of 
active fingers is not polite to the speaker or class teacher, nor does 
it permit the members to get the most out of their lesson work. 
Our sisters will have plenty of time at home and in the work meet- 
ings to do all the knitting for which they can obtain yarn and 
thus assist the Red Cross cause. 

Miss Betty McCune, who sailed for France November 5th, 
sent a cablegram to her parents upon her arrival in that country 
within a fortnight after sailing. She was well and in good spirits, 
but no further news has been received. 




By Janette A. Hyde. 

How much good has been receivefl from the lessons given in 
the Magazine depends entirely upon how much time we have de- 
voted to the study and preparation of the .same. 

The main object in the outline work is to place before our 
women, a thoroughly scientific yet plainly worded study, in order 
that they may become possessed of such practical knowledge of 
foods as shall make them competent judges of food preparation, 
balanced rations, food projects, and food substitutes. If we a''e 
expected to win the war with food, we must be well-trained foO'd 
soldiers, directed by the best general knowledge obtainable by 
study and experience. 

In the studying of foods, a thorough knowledge of produc- 
tion is also very necessary. 

We wish to emphasize the importance of milk and its by- 
products as a food, especially for the babe and growing child. 

While it is true that well developed people may use other 
foods to sustain life, milk is indispensable to the life of growing 
children. The idea that there are milk substitutes for children is 
a mistaken one, and should be discountenanced, as many people 
deceived by such statements, and through this information are 
giving children inferior foods, with which, as they suppose, to 
build superior bodies. Good results do not follow improper feed- 
ing, and we find many children deprived of the most precious and 
righteous heritage, that of strong healthy bodies. 

If we do not return to some of the old-time customs and 
ways of producing and living, we will find the prospects for 
future development much retarded. We are short in the state 
of Utah, 10,000 milk cows, according to increase of population 
and decrease in the dairy herd. The loss has many phases be- 
sides the shortage in milk supply. It means less fertilization for 
farm and garden, fewer calves for future mother oows, lessened 
meat producing .sources, with an extra shortage of shoe leather ; 
besides the hundred and one extra products which come from the 
dairy cow. In the face of these facts, something should be done 
to stimulate the desire on the part of the farmer to increase his 
dairy herd. Let us suppose that 10 per cent of the 40,000 Relief 
Society sisters, would make preparations for one extra cow to be 



HOME SCIENCE DEPARTMENT. 103 

added to the number already owned by the family. This we 
think, would ,start the proposition off in the right direction. At 
least, let us think he matter over very seriously and if we cannot 
see our way clear to commence this year, we can plan for the 
immediate future, to increase our milk-producing animals through 
individual effort. Impure milk can be made absolutely safe by 
pasteurization. 

To Pasteurise Milk. 

Pasteurizing milk can not be done accurately without a ther- 
mometer. The milk bottle should be placed upon a rack in a 
kettle of water, with a clean thermometer, inserted through the 
cover of the bottle. Heat the water slowly and watch the ther- 
mometer. When it reaches 155° F, see that the water becomes 
no hotter. Set the kettle on a rack on the stove top, or use a 
simmering burner with rack and asbestos mat. It is difficult to 
keep the temperature even, but it should remain at 140-155° F, 
half an hour. At the end of half an hour, the bottle should be 
removed, and cooled as rapidly as possible in running cold water. 

Rennet Custard. 

1 qt. milk. 

2 tb. sugar. 

1 teaspoonful vanilla or two tab. of orange juice, or 1 t. 
vanilla and 3 or 4 tablespoonsful of cocoa. 

A shake of salt. 

To prepare : This is a process without cooking. Rennet 
tablets are ma^'C from the stomach of the calf, and contain the 
digestive enzyme, renin, which results in the solidifying of the 
curd of the milk. Rennet custard has passed the first stage of 
milk digestion. Put all of the flavoring substances into the milk, 
and warm it slightly, not more than 100° F. The cocoa when 
used should be "dissolved" in a small amount of hot water. Dis- 
solve the rennet in a tablespoon ful of cold water^ and stir this verv 
thoroughly into the milk Pour the milk into the cups in which the 
custard will be served, and set the cups in a warm but not hot 
place. A good mefhod is to place them in a pan of warm water 
(100° F. ). The milk becomes firm in a half hour or an hour, and 
as soon as it is set, should be put in the ice box, otherwise the 
process continues and the custard becomes watery as the curd 
shrinks and forces out the whey. Serve very cold with fruit on 
top, or whipped cream with the cocoa flavoring ; or put grated 
nutmeg or powdered cinnamon on the top. This is a simple and 
delicious dessert, and one of the most wholesome. For children 
it should be flavored with fruit juice or vanilla rather than with 
cocoa. 



EDITORIAL 



Entered as second-class matter at the Post Of&ce, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Motto — Charity Never Faileth 

THE GENERAL BOARD 

Mks. Emmeline B. Wells President 

Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams First Counselor 

Mrs. Julina L. Smith Second Counselor 

Mrs. Amy Brown l,yman General Secretary 

IlRt. SuSA Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Emma A. Empey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mrs. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Janette A. Hyde 
Mrs. ^ulia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Rebecca Niebaur Nibley Miss Sarah Eddington 

Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Lillian Cameron 

Mrs. Ida S. Dusenberry Miss Edna May Davis 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 

Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

Editor SusA Young Gatbs 

Business Manager Janette A. Hydk 

A ssistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Vol. V. FEBRUARY, 1918. No. 2 



O WAR, WHERE IS OUR FEAR OF THEE? 

These gripping days of wars and rumors of 
Why Shall wars dry up the springs of human hope, poi- 

WeFear? son the sources of daily life, and cripple the 

soul which bends, if it does not break, be- 
neath the storms of fear and dread which sweep human hearts 
in this gruesome day. Yet fear is a kindly discipline if we do 
but keep control of will and brain. Shall we — mothers, wives, 
sweethearts — allow these last days of fulfilling prophecy to 
quench our faith, crush our hopes, poison our bodies, and 
darken our very minds? Every instinct of faith, every mani- 
festation of the gospel forbids us to tread such a suicidal path. 
Why! our young people — soldier boys in camps, sisters and 
sweethearts left behind — all are drawing nearer to God than 
ever before. The gospel is being preached in the trenches, on 
the battlefields and around the campfires. Riches, pleasure, 
vanity — these snares are far more fatal to faith and virtue than 
are war and dread of death. 

The angel who was set with a flaming sword 
Fear is to guard the gateway to the Garden of Eden 

a Sword. might well have been named Fear. For this 

dread quality of the human mind cuts with a 



EDITORIAL. 105 

two-edged blade its way into the human heart. Mortals are 
exalted or debased through its evil or its divine effects. 

"The fear of the Lord is the beginning of 
The Beginning wisdom," sang the Psalmist. The conscience 
of Wisdom. of man is founded on the corner-stone of fear : 

that shrinking dread of offending God, that 
control of a selfish impulse which would plunge our soul into 
sin through violation of law. The fear of God impels us to 
keep his laws, for we soon discover the consequences of dis- 
obedience to law. 

Fear holds a stinging whip to drive us head- 
We Learn long — either way its finger points. A burnt 

Through Fear, child dreads the fire, and much of modern 

child-training is founded on the teaching by 
experience. Fear has been dragged by modern psychologists 
out of the tangled jungles of the sub-conscious mind, where it 
is supposed to reign in mystic majesty, and by labelling and 
ticketing each pain and sinful tendency as the result of in- 
verted sex-desire or suppressed shock, the person is said to be 
thus liberated automatically from physical disease or mental 
abrasion. That there is a glimmer of truth in all this does not 
make it either intelligible or useful to the ordinary mind. 

Physical fear in its evil manifestations invites 
Evil Takes insult, courts defeat, dreads lightning, faints 

Advantage at blood-spurts, runs away from the appear- 

of Fear. ance of danger, yet often assumes in self-de- 

fense or self-deceit a bullying attitude, and 
speaks in a voice of bluff. Grave mental fear dreads the dark, 
is often grossly superstitious, lies to avoid blame or to win 
applause, stabs ambition and paralyzes initiative. Spiritual 
fear opens the door to disease, trades with opportunity, juggles 
with principle, quarrels with discipline, and finds plenty of ex- 
cuses for sin. 

Fear is the crowning glory and the crushing 
Fear, the Daily load of the imaginative being. Fear peoples 
Companion of the dark, discloses fairies in flowers, castles in 
Genius. clouds, dungeons in ant-hills, heaven and hell 

in every living hour. Bridges are built and 
crossed long before the water flows, babies are born ere the 
wedding is announced, funeral meats are spread before death 
enters. And ah, how women suffer from these emotional sup- 
positions. God gifted mothers with keen imaginations so that- 
little children's fears might be cuddled, and grown men's 
problems be understood through sympathy and intuition. 



106 Rlil.Uil- SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

These last days upon the earth call loudly 
Let Us Fear to upon the good and the evil qualities of fear, 
be Disloyal. We may well fear to voice disloyal thoughts, 

or to criticize our leaders. We may right- 
eously fear to slacken our efforts to do good and to control 
selfish impulses. Yet fear of death, fear of war, fear of suft'er- 
ing, fear of poverty, of hard work, and of separation, will drive 
us into frenzy and collapse. 

Let those soothing associates of righteous fear 
Cultivate the which are trust and love enter in and take pos- 
Fear of God. session of our souls. If the gospel is worth any- 
thing, if truth is true, then we have a su- 
preme claim upon our Father, and he will calm our fears — if we 
ask him — and give us the victory over dread and anxiety. Why 
should we fear war? It is the climax of all earth's experiences 
Separation, suffering, death — these are earth's own penalties 
and cannot follow us into the eternities. Rather let us learn 
to love — to love with God's love — which is compounded of 
justice and mercy eciually combined. For "perfect love casteth 
out fear." 



PRESIDENT EMMELINE B. WELLS. 

The approaching birthday of our honored President will find 
her ninety years old. What a remarkable age in these days of 
degeneracy of mankind physical and mental ; and what a remark- 
able history has been made by our revered President. We 
join with every member of this Society and of the Church in con- 
gratulations and blessings upon the head of this great and worthy 
heroine in Zion. 



nE\TI[ OF MRS. PRISCILLA P. JEXXINGS. 

The death on January 2. 1918, of Mrs, Priscilla Paul Jcn- 
nin'js removes from the General Board of the Relief Society one 
of its most faithful and interested members. Always serene, 
'■entle, and generous, her spirit was susceptible to the inner 
barnion"es of divine law. Above all earthly things Sister Jen- 
nings prized first her fellowship with God and His people. This 
integrity won for her the established friendship and companion- 
ship of all this people, for she counted among her closest friends 
the leaders of the Church, from President Brighani Young and 
his associates down including his successors to our present head, 
President Joseph F. Smith. 



Guide Lessons. 

LESSON I. 

Theology and Testimony. 

First Week in March. 
DOMESTIC LIFE AMONG THE NEPHITES. 

Knowing- that the Nephites were originally Hebrews we 
would expect to find their domestic habits and customs resembling 
those of their Israelitish forefathers, modified necessarily by 
changed environment and the lapse of time. The .semi-tropical 
lands from which they came were found in climate at least 
through the upper part of South America and in Mexico, yet 
many strange and new animals, with unknown and unusual vege- 
table productions, necessitated adaptation by this isolated people. 

That master writer, Prescott, who was himself skeptical to 
the last degree, in his history of the conquest of Peru and Mexico, 
takes pains to sneer at the reports made by the Catholic priests 
v,-ho accompanied Cortez when he conquered Mexico. These 
priests were astounded at the likeness of religious and domestic 
customs to the Israelitish traditions and habits. They found the 
ceremony of baptism administered to children, a belief in Christ, 
traditions of the Flood, many of the hygienic laws of Moses, sac- 
rifice, etc., etc. (See Vol. 3, pages 317-328, Frescott' sConquest of 
Mexico. If possible, these extracts should be read in this lesson.) 

The Hebrew custom of building houses in the form of a hol- 
low square with a court in the center was followed by the Aztecs 
and earlier races of the Toltecs. The flat roofs upon which the 
family spent their evenings and mornings were also used by the 
Nephites. The chambers were on one side of the house, the 
official apartments on another, and often the domestic animals 
were housed on another side of the court. Within the court were 
trees, flowers and fountains. The women were industrious. The 
prophets in the Book of INIormon inculcated industry, thrift and 
moderation in dress. Like the Hebrew women they engaged in 
s-pinning and weaving the cloth which clothed their families. We 
know they had fine silk, fine twined or twisted linen, and cloth of 
many varieties. 

Like all oriental women, and indeed like all women, they 
loved ornaments. We read of golden ear-rings and bracelets, of 
ornaments of gold, or silver and of precious things — no doubt 



108 RliLllil- SOCIIiTY M.IG.IZJXE. 

these were i^enis inatle into bracelets and worn in their ringlets. 

The garments of the men an^l women, like those of their He- 
brew fathers, did not (HlTer so mucli in shape and material for 
the two sexes. The women's dress was longer, and both were 
marked by a tunic or inner garment with a mantle or outer gar- 
ment worn over it. The outer garments were worn sometimes for 
several generations and handed down from mother to daughter, 
so excellent was the " material and so lasting was its quality, 
lleautiful embroidery and fine needlework distinguished the clotli- 
ing of the wealthier classes. Eml^roidered vests, wide flowing 
mantles, girdles and veils were sometimes- worn by those wdio 
could afiford them. 

Nor were the women alone in the'r love of ornament and 
bright colors. Gorgeous indeed was the a])parel of the wealthy 
Xe])hites. and great was their love of luxury and display. 

Wonderful palaces were constructed, wdiich were elegant 
and s])acioiis, adorned with fine wood-carving and containing 
ornaments of gold, silver, brass, copper and ziff.' 

The food of the peoi)le resembled that of other tro])ical lands, 
wheat, corn and barley being the staples, with man\- fruit trees 
and grape vines. While the Xeph'tes did not use as much meat 
as did the Lamahites, still they were provided luxuriously from 
the flesh of their flocks and herds. 

\ er}' little mention is made of chariots in the I'ook of Mor- 
mon. The means of locomotion was unquestionably the horse, 
the jackass, the llama and the alpaca. Locomotion was slow and 
yet the people often undertook great journeys an.d migrated com- 
paratively swiftly from place to place. 

The domestic life was simple, cheerful and informal. We 
hear little of music among them, but we know they had many and 
good schools. They were exceedingly virtuous as have been all 
of their Lamanite descendants, even up to the present day. We 
have quoted in this number the following extracts from Prescott's 
Conquest of Mexico: 

"The women, as in other parts of the country, seemed to go 
about as freely as the men. They wore several sk"rts or petticoats 
of different lengths, with highly ornamented borders, and somt 
times over them loose, flowing robes, which reached to the ankles. 
These, also, were made of cotton, for the wealth"er classes, of a 
fine texture, prettily embroidered. No veils were worn here, as in 
some other parts of Anahuac, where they were made of the aloe 
thread, or of the light weave of hair, above noticed. The Aztec 
women had their faces exposed ; and their dark, raven tresses 
floated luxuriantlv over their shoulders, revealing features, which, 
although of a duskv or rather cinnamon hue, were not un- 



GUIDE LESSONS. 109 

frequently pleasing, while touched with the serious, even sad, ex- 
pression characteristic of the national physiognomy." 

In connection with this extract concerning the serious cast of 
countenance, note this from the Book of Mormon ; 

"We being a lonesome and a .solemn people, wanderers, cast 
out from Jerusalem" (Jacob 7:26). How true this is, even of 
the Lamanites to this day ! 

Readings: Chap. 54, Reynold's Story of the Book of Mor- 
mon; Prescott's Conquest of Mexico and Peru. 

QUESTIONS. 

What evidence have we that the Nephites were originally 
Hebrews ? 

How did the Hebrews build their homes ? 

What costumes did the Hebrews wear? 

What costumes did the Nephites wear? 

What ornaments were used ? 

Why do women love adornment ? 

Why is excessive adornment denounced by saci-ed writers ? 

What foods supplied the Nephites ? 

Who were the Aztecs? (See encyclopedia or history.) 



ADVICE OF AN AZTEC MOTHER TO HER DAUGHTER. 

Translated from Sahagun's -'Hisforia de Ncuva Espana," Lib. VI., Cap. 

XIX. 

"The first thing that I earnestly charge upon you is that you ob- 
serve and do not forget what your father has now told you. since it 
is all very precious: and persons of his condition rarely publish such 
things; for they are the words which belong to the noble and wise, — 
valuable as rich jewels. See. then, that you take them and lay them up 
in your heart, and write them in your bowels. If God gives you life, 
with these same words will you teach your sons and daughters, if God 
shall give you them? The second thing that I desire to say to you is, 
that I love you much, that you are my dear daughter. Remember that 
nine months I bore you in my womb, that you were born and brought 
up in my arms. I placed you in your cradle, and in my lap, and with my 
milk I nursed you. This I tell you, in order that you may know that 
I and your father are the source of your being; it is we who now in- 
struct you. See that you receive our words, and treasure them in your 
breast. Take care that your garments are such as are decent and 
proper; and observe that you do not adorn yourself with much finery, 
since this is a mark of vanity and of folly. As little becoming is it, 
that your dress should be very mean, dirty, or ragged; smce rags are 
a mark of the low, and of those who are held in contempt. Let your 
clothes be becoming and neat, that you may neither appear fantastic 
nor mean. When you speak, do not hurry your words from uneasiness, 
but speak deliberately and calmly. Do «ot raise your voice very high, 
nor speak very low, but in a moderate tone. Neither mince, when you 
speak, nor when you salute, nor speak through your nose; but let your 



no KliLllil- SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

words be proper, of a good sound, and your voice gentle. Do not be 
over nice in the choice of your words. Jn walking, my daughter, see 
that you behave becomingly, neither going with haste, nor too slowly; 
since it is an evidence of being puffed up, to walk too slowly, and walk- 
ing hastily causes a vicious habit of restlessness and instability. 
Therefore neither walk very fast, nor very slow; yet, when it shall be 
necessary to go with haste, do so; in this use your discretion. And 
when you may be obliged to jump over a pool of water, do it with 
decency, that you may neither appear clumsy ,nor light. When you are 
in the street, do not carry your head much inclined, or your body 
bent; nor as little go with your head very much raised; since it is a 
mark of ill breeding; walk erect, and with your head slightly inclined. 
Do not have your mouth covered, or your face, from shame, nor go 
looking like a near-sighted person, nor. on your way, make fantastic 
movements with your feet. Walk through the street quietly, and 
with propriety. Another thing that you must attend to, my daughter, 
is that, when j^on are in the street, you do not go looking hither and 
thither, nor turning your head to look at this and that; walk lueither 
looking at the skies, nor on the ground. Do not look upon those 
whom you meet with the eyes of an offended p.erson, nor have the 
appearance of being uneasy; but of one who looks upOiU all with a 
serene countenance; doing this, you will give no one occasion of be- 
ing offended with you. Show a becoming countenance; that you may 
neither appear morose, nor, on the other hand, too complaisant. 
See, my daughter, that you give yourself no concern about the words 
you may hear, in going through tne street, nor pay any regard to them. 
Let those who come and go say what they will. Take care that you 
neither answer nor speak, but act as if you neither heard nor under- 
stood them; since, doing in this manner, no one will be able to say 
with truth that you have said anything amiss. See, likewise, riiy 
daughter, that you never paint your face, or stain it on your lips with 
colors, in order to appear well; since this is a mark of vile and un- 
chaste women. Paints and coloring are things which bad women use 
— the immodest, who have lost all shame, and even sense, who are 
like fools and drunkards, and are called ramcras (prostitutes). But, 
that your husband may not dislike you, adorn yourself, wash your- 
self, and cleanse your clothes, and let this be done with moderation: 
since, if every day j'ou wash yourself and your clothes, it will be said 
of you,, that you are over-nice, too delicate ; they will call you tapc/^c- 
tzon tinemaxoch. — My daughter, this is the course you are to take; 
since in this manner the ancestors from whom you spring brought us 
up. Those noble and venerable dames, your grandmothers, told us 
not so many things as I have told you; they said but few words and 
spoke thus: "Listen, my daughters; in this world, it is necessary to 
live with much prudence and circumspection. Hear this allegory, 
which I shall now tell you, and preserve it, and take from it a warn- 
ing and example for living aright. Here, in this world, we travel a 
very narrow, steep, and dangerous road, which is as a lofty mountain 
ridge, on whose top passes a narrow path: on either side is a great 
gulf without bottom, and, if you deviate from the patk. you will fall 
into it. There is need, therefore, of much discretion in pursuing the 
road." My tenderly loved daughter, my little dove, keep this illus- 
tration in your heart, and see that you do not forget it; it will be to you 
as a lamp and a beacon, so long as you shall live in this world. Only 
o,ne thing remains to be said, and I have done. If God shall give you 
life, if you shall continue some years upon the earth, see that you 
guard yourself carefully, that no stain come upon you; should you 
forfeit your chastity, and afterwards be asked in marriage and should 
marry any one, you will never be fortunate, nor have true love; he will 



GUIDE LESSONS. HI 

always remember that you were not a virgin, and this will he the cause 
of great aJfliction and distress; you will never be at peace, for your 
liusband will always be suspicious of you. O, my dearly beloved 
daughter, if you shall live upon the earth, see that not more than one 
man approaches you; and observe what I now shall tell you, as a striqt 
command. When it shall please God that you receive a husband, and 
you are placed under his authority, be fre,e from arrogance, see that 
you do not neglect him, nor allow your heart to be in opposition to 
him. Be not disrespectful to him. Beware, that, in no time or place, 
you commit the treason against him, called adultery. See that you 
give no favor to another; since this, my dear and much beloved 
daughter, is to fall into a pit without bottom, from which there will 
be novescape. According to the custom of the world, if it shall be 
known, for this crime they will kill you, they will throw you into the 
street, for an example to all the people, where your head will be 
crushed and dragged upon the ground. Of these says a proverb: 
"You will be stoned and dragged upon the earth, and others will take 
warning at your death." From this will arise a stain and dishonor 
upon our ancestors, the nobles and senators from whom we are 
descended. You will tarnish their illustrious fame, and their glcfry, 
liy the tilthiness and impurity of your sin. You will, likewise, lose 
your reputation, your nobilit)', and hnor of birth; your name will be 
forgotten and abhorred. Of you it will be said, that you were buried 
in the dust of your sins. And remember, my daughter, that, though 
no man shall see you, nor your husband ever know what happens, God, 
who is in every place, sees you, will be angry with you, and will also 
excite the indignation of the people against you, and will be avenged 
upon you as he shall see fit. By his command, you shall either be 
maimed, or struck blind, or your body will wither, or you will come to 
extreme poverty, for daring to injure your husband. Or, perhaps, he 
will give you to death, and put you under his feet, sending you to the 
place of torment. Our Lord is compassionate; but, if you commit 
treason against your husband, God, who is in every place, shall take 
x-engeance on your sin, and will permit you to have neither content- 
ment, nor repose, nor a peaceful life; and he will excite your husband 
to be always unkind towards you, and always to speak to you with 
anger. My dear daughter, whom I tenderly love, see that you live m 
the world of peace, tranquility, and contentment, all the days that 
vou shall live. See that you disgrace not yourself, that you stain not 
your honor, nor pollute the luster and fame of your ancestors. See 
that you honor me and your father, and reflect glory on us by your 
good life. May God prosper ypu, my first-born, and may you come to 
God, who is in every place.— /"o/. /// Prescott's -Conquest of Mexico 
and Peru:'' 



HOUSEKEEPERS' CONFERENCE. 

Beginning January 21-29 there will be held in the Agricul- 
tural College at Logan a conference of housekeepers and home 
workers. The chairmen of our branch, of the Home Science De- 
partments will find an especial course on Home Management and 
Bacteriology, planned to meet our general and particular needs. 
All subjects treated in our Correspondence Course will be given. 
You are all invited to attend. 



112 RRLinr SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

LESSON II. 

Work and Business. 

Second Week in March. 
LESSON III. 

Genealogy and Literature. 

Third Week in March. 

JAPHETM, HIS DESCENDANTS AND TRIBES.* 

When the .sons of Noah, with their .descendants spread abroa-d 
after the Flood, the sons of Japheth went into the Mediterranean 
coasts, into Asia Minor to "the isles of the Gentiles," also across 
Armenia, into the Tii^ris and Euphrates valleys over Media and 
Persia, and eastward as far as India, eml)racing probably the peo- 
ples who spoke what is now called the great Indo-European 
languages. Japheth means "enlarged." In Greek mythology the 
Titan Japetus is the progenitor of the human race. Ion, his son, 
in the Hebrew form, is Javan. Tarshish, son of Javan, is father 
of southern Spain Madai of the Medes, and Gomer, the Teutons. 
Some of our Latterday Saints authorities claim Semitic descent 
for the Teutons. It is quite certain that the seed of Israel is scat- 
tered through the Teuton peoples. However, we give the line 
here as it is given in modern histories. 

The following quotations are extracts taken from the first 
sixty pages of Lenormant and Chevallier's Ancient History of 
the East^,Wo\.ll: 

"The ancestors of the Japhetic race believed that everything 
proceeded from one celestial being — the being par excellence — 
God. Deva,tht Vevc of the Greeks, the Dens of the Latins. This 
divine being was considered 'The Living One.' 

"But this belief in the divine unity, a relic of the primitive 
faith of mankind in the original revelation, was, among the an- 
cient Japhetic races, as among all the nations of antiquity who had 
not a divine revelation for the preservation of the truth, disfigured 
by the introduction of pantheism, and by the personification of the 
attributes of the Supreme Being as so many separate gods, 
emanations from his substance. God the Creator was mistaken 
for the universe he had created ; his unity was .divided into a 
number of personages also believed to be divine. * * * But 
the existence of these personifications, each invested with an in- 
dividuality, was a deplorable fall from the original conception, 
and completely hid it from view in the popular worship, directly 
leading to the depths of polytheism and idolatry." 

The following extract is descriptive of the expansion of the 
familv into a nation or kingdom among primitive Japhetic peoples : 



GUIDE LESSONS. 113 

"In the course of its develo,pm.ent the family became the clan. 
This is an assemblage of brothers, as its Greek name shows. The 
clan is a relationship that originated with the Japhetic nations, 
and existed in later times among the Iranians in India, Ireland. 
Scotland, and among the Slavonians. i\t its head was a chief, or 
patriarch, the eldest, the head of the family, invested with ab- 
solute power, and that by right divine,' as was the Roman pater- 
familias. He, however, could not decide on his own unsupported 
authority : he was assisted by a council, composed of a certain 
number of elders, fathers of families, who were accustomed to 
deliberate with him. Beyond the clan we find the tribe a still 
larger .extension of the family ; all its members tracing back to 
one common origin, as its name indicates in Zend, zanter, identi- 
cal with the Latin gens, and a Greek word meaning to 'germinate, 
generaite, produce' ; the assemblage of tribes constituted the na- 
tion, which therefore, is but a larger family, a multitude, an 
assemblage of men attached to each other by common ties. As 
a supreme chief above the heads of the clans and of the tribes, 
they have a king, whose name signifies the director, the sustainer 
In later times, when the Persian empire was at its greatest height 
of glory and power, there still remained something of ancient 
forms of this spirit of independence and liberty. 

"The nature of the government and the authority of the great 
king were very different in the provinces from what they were in 
Persia itself. Although elsewhere he was the typical Asiatic 
sovereign, absolute, uncontrolled, almost divine ; in Persia the king 
was only the chief of a free people. * * ''' 

"It was only in later times after the days of Xerxes, that the 
last traces of this free life disappeared in Persia, when the Per- 
sians had been enervated and corrupted by riches, and by contact 
with the corruptions of the nations they had conquered. Then 
the power of the great king became the same in Persia as in the 
rest of his empire, and the descendants of the free companions of 
Cyrus were bowed beneath the yoke of an unlimited despotism." 

Media, which was settled, .we are told, by Madai, son of 
Japheth, was an important, very ancient Asiatic monarchy, lying 
south and west of the Caspian Sea and between that sea and As- 
syria. It was larger than Assyria and Chaldea combined, and the 
River Tigris watered its fields. In the movmtain region the cli- 
mate is severe, but on the plains the thermometer rarely registers 
ninety degrees in the shade. 

The Medes were a handsome race of men, noble and graceful, 
the women beautiful and cultured. Their love of luxury was 
their final destruction. About 860 B. C. the Syrians invaded their 
countrv and we thus learn of them definitelv. Thev were then di- 



114 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

vided into tribes and were governed by petty chieftains. They 
did not build cities, but they were fierce in war, and worshipped 
fire and other natural phenomena. It was Shalmaneser the 
Fourth king of Assyria about 722 B. C. who nominally conquered 
them on this occasion but they were not really subdued until 
Sargon II, another Assyrian king, invaded Media about 710 B. C. 
and completely conquered the Medes, planting cities wherein 
later he placed the Israelitish captives. 

"Media is first mentioned in the Bible as the part of Assyria 
to which the Ten Tribes were transplanted : at first, those beyond 
the Jordan, by Tiglath-pilser, I Chr. 5:26; and afterwards, about 
721 B. C, the remainder of Israel, by Sargon, 2 Kin. 17:6. The 
subsequent history of Media is involved in that of Persia. The 
united empire conquered Babylon, according to Isaiah's prediction, 
Isa. 13 :17 ; 21 :2 ; Dan. 5 :6 ; Ezra 1. Both countries were .subdued 
by Alexander of Macedon, 330 B. C, and in the next century be- 
came tfibutary to the Parthians on their east, in connection with 
whom they are mentioned in Acts 2 :9" (Smith's Bible Dictionary). 

Nineveh, the Median Capital. In 660 B. C., a large Assyrian 
emigration flocked into the Median country from the East moun- 
tains. They were headed by Phraortes, the father of Cyraxerses. 
He succeeded so well that he made himself king over all the petty 
chiefs who had hitherto ruled variously, and in 634 B. C, he at- 
tacked Assyria but was defeated. About fifty years later his son 
Cyraxerses again invaded Assyria and laid siege to Nineveh, de- 
stroying it. Media was next invaded by Scythians, but Cyra- 
xerses finally defeated them. After the conquest of Nineveh 
Cyraxerses went on his conquering way, but finally made a com- 
pact with Nebuchadnezzar, the mighty Persian king, and thus 
came the famous Medo-Persian dynasty. These later rulers and 
events are referred to by the sacred writers, as found in Jeremiah 
and Isaiah. 

The land of the Medes was occupied by the Scythians for 
eighteen years, and only by treachery did the Medes rid them- 
selves of their conquerors. Later the Medes were conquered by 
the Persians who were, up to the time of Cyrus, partly nomads ; 
"and this prince knew well what his people owed to the sterile soil 
and generally inclement sky, when he represented to his com- 
panions that an enervated people were generally made so by the 
softness of their climate and the riches of their soil. When a 
person, named Artembares wished to persuade his countrymen to 
exchange their small and mountainous land for a larger and better 
country, Cyrus strongly opposed his proposition. ' Soft countries,' 
he said, 'gave birth to small men ; there was no region which pro- 
duced delightful fruits and at the same "time men of a warlike 



GUIDE LESSONS. 115 

spirit.' 'The Persians,' adds Herodotus, 'departed with altered 
minds, confessing that Cyrus was wiser than they ; and chose 
rather to dwell in a churlish land, and exercise lordship, than to 
cultivate plains and be slaves to others.' 

"The Persians were divided into ten tribes, and into three 
social classes. * * * * * 

"They and the Bactrians had preserved the Zoroastrian re- 
ligion in its greatest purity. Their isolated Ijfe and tribal inde- 
pendence, their republican liberty and parliamentary forms of 
government, which were the normal and primitive state of the 
Iranians, remained unaltered till the time of Cyrus. It was by 
free deliberation in a real national assembly that he was elected." 

East India. One of the descendants of Japheth through 
Gomer wandered with some of his tribes into the valley of the 
Ganges as early as 1500 B. C. These fair-skinned invaders found 
some descendants of Ham, through Cush probably, already settled 
in this country. The two peoples gradually became one, but the 
Ayrians or sons of Japheth were the dominant race and these 
became the nobles and warriors, the Brahmins or priests ; while 
the native inhabitants were the Sudras, the Pariahs or outcasts, 
the lowest and most despised of the native races. Brahma is the 
Hindu name for a supreme being, and the religion developed 
under this name has for its central pivot the transmigration of 
souls or re-birth. According to the Brahmin teachings the man 
who does well comes back on to the earth in a higher caste, while 
men who do evil come back as Pariahs or as some unclean animal. 

In the fifth century before our era a great reformer named 
Buddha was born in India and established a more exalted form of 
religion. He taught reincarnation, that is, rebirth upon the earth, 
but did not believe, as did the Brahmins, that men's spirits entered 
into animals, plants or stones. Buddhism spread all over India 
and China and today that religion claims almost one-third of the 
human race. In later centuries India has been tributary and now 
is under the dominion of England. 

China. China which was no doubt settled by Japheth's de- 
scendants, is as old as Egypt or Babylonia, but which until recent 
times has been a vague, mysterious country. From Lyman's 
Historical Chart we quote : 

"About this time (2,200 B. C.) it is supposed that Noah, 
wearied with the growing depravity of his descendants, retired 
with a few select friends to the remotest part of Asia, and there 
began what has since been called the Chinese monarchy. Its early 
history is not connected with that of other nations, and is also 
very obscure and much mixed with fable." 



116 RJiLlEI' SOCIIiTV .\LICJZL\B. 

"Cuntucious, the j^roat Chinese philosopher, is supposed to 
have flourished alrout 500 B. C." 

We read in McCabe's Pictorial History of the World: 
• ':;: * =:= Accor(hng" to the Chinese writers. Fuh-hi became 
the ruler of the country about B. C. 2,832. and founded tlie Chi- 
nese empire. He is said to have taught his people how to raise 
cattle, and the art of writing, and to have introduced the institu- 
tion of marriage and the divisions of the year. He was succeeded 
l)y Shin-nung. who taught the people agriculture and medicine. 
Then came Hwangti, who is said to have invented clocks, weap- 
ons, ships, wheeled vehicles, and musical instruments, and to have 
introduced coins and weights and measures. Ti-ku, the next em- 
.peror, established schools, and introduced the practice of polyg- 
amy. He was succeeded in 2,357 B. C. by his son Yau, with whom 
the more certain history of China commences. He reigned until 
1). C. 2,258, and greatly advanced the civilization and wealth of his 
country, and built many roads and canals. His son Shun suc- 
ceeded him and reigned until B. C. 2,207.. He was as good and 
wise a ruler as his father. In 2,207 the throne passed to Yu the 
(jreat, who founded the .(hnastv of Hia, which hehl the throne 
until B. C. 1,767." 

We also quote from the Encyclopedia Britatinica as follows : 
"* *' * During Yan's reign a catastrophe reminding one 
of the biblical deluge threatened the Chinese world. The em- 
.])er6r held his minister of works, Kun, responsible for this mis- 
fortune, i:)robably an inundation of the Yellow river such as has 
been witnessed by the present generation. Its horrors are de- 
scribed with poetical exaggeration in the Shit-kiui:;. When the 
efforts to stop the floods had proved futile for nine years, Yau 
wished to abdicate, and he selected a virtuous young man of the 
name of Shun as his successor. Among the legends tohl about 
this second model emperor is the story that he had a board before 
his palace on which every .subject was permitted to note whatever 
faults he had to find with his government, and that by means of 
a drum suspended at his palace gate attention might be drawn 
to any complaint that was to be made to him. Since Kun had 
not succeeded in stoi:).ping the floods, he was dismissed and his son 
Yu was appointed in his stead. Probably the waters began to 
subside of their own accord, but Yu has been praised up as the 
national hero who, by his engineering works, saved his people 
from utter destruction." 

There are two (Hstinct races in China, the Mongols and Tar- 
tars in the north. China is a monarchy but a i)arental one. The 
religious teacher of China was Confucius who was born 551 B. C. 
He did not claim to be a ])rophet. but he taught obedience to 



GUIDE LESSONS. 117 

parents and reverence for the ancients with imitation of their 
virtues. His teachings are as potent in China as the Bible is in 
Christendom. His Five Classics contained in four books are the 
Bible of the Chinese. The injunction to walk in the old ways, 
to .observe a certain formal worship of prog'enitors, and to refuse 
absolutely association Avith foreigners have isolated them down 
through the centuries. However, we know now that China was 
filled with schools and colleges more than a thousand years before 
our era, and the Chinese people are today, and always have been, 
better educated than any other pag-an people. May not their wor- 
shiping ceremonials for their ancestors be a corrupted survival 
of vicarious salvation. 

Greece. The last of the ancient peoples to leave permanent 
impress upon the civilization of the ages was in some respects, the 
greatest. The Greeks were descended from Ivon or Ion, son of 
Javan, son of Japheth. They scattered up and .down the Mediter- 
ranean and along the shores of the Hellespont ; yet Greece proper 
was their real home. Their history begins 800 B. C. Before 
that all is myth and legend. The famous Trojan war and other 
events described by the tragic poet Homer were founded unques- 
tionably on facts, but just which were facts and which were 
legends it is impossible now to tell. Sparta, which was one of 
their cities, had a wonderful constitution framed by the law-giver 
Lycurgus. The Spartans instituted a rigid educational system 
for the youth of the nation. The Spartan youths were subjected 
to all sorts of hardships and privations, and hence came the rule 
of "The Survival of the Fittest." Athens, another famous an- 
cient Grecian city, was the seat of learning and art. Many famous 
names in literature, history, art and government pass along the 
stream of history in Athens and Greece proper. When the Per- 
sians came over to offer battle to the Athenians at Marathon. 
Miltiades withstood him and won the battle. In the second ex- 
))edition of the Persians under Xerxes, the Greeks agam defeated 
the Persians. Pericles, son of Miltiades, became the leader of 
Athens. He was a great ruler and established many wonderful 
reforms and adorned Athens with masterpieces of art ami archi- 
tecture. Socrates flourished 399 B. C. Then came Alexander the 
Great, born 336 B. C, and he conquered the known world and 
as his historians say, "sighed for another world to conquer." The 
literature, philosophy and science of the Greeks are the most 
wonderful cultural inheritances of the world. 

Rome. Greece, like the other pagan nations rose to suprem- 
acy through struggle and civic virtues, ruled the world for a time 
and then gradually sank into the mire of luxury and corruption 
and was conquered in turn by a younger and more vigorous na- 



118 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

tion, the Romans. The Romans are descendants of Dodanim, in 
turn descended from Javan who was the father of the Greek- 
nation. In 500 B. C., the Gauls, a branch of the CeUic race, came 
over the Alps and settled in northern Italy, becoming' formidable 
enemies of the infant republic of Rome. The Latins, near kin- 
dred of the Greeks, introduced the customs, manners, beliefs and 
institutions of the Greeks into early Rome. Rome grew up 
originally on a system of citizenship for freemen. It was called 
a republic, but was not one as we moderns understand the term. 
Many famous law-givers prepared the code of written laws. The 
rulers were obliged to answer to the free citizens. There were 
wars with the Celts, with the Greeks, and finally Augustus Csesar 
in 31 B. C. became Emperor of all the Romans. By this time 
Greece had been absorbed by the Romans and Rome was virtually 
mistress of the civilized world. In 63 B. C., the Roman General 
Pompey conquered Jerusalem. After that time Judea paid tribute 
to the Romans. After the crucifixion of our Savior and the 
preaching of the Gospel in Rome and other Gentile countries, the 
converted Christian worshiped in secret in the catacombs and 
1)urial places of Rome, but finally, in the fourth century, Con- 
stantine the Great, finding the Christians had become a powerful 
influence all over the empire, he himself turned Christian, and in 
the year 313 A. D. he placed Christianity on an equal footing 
with the other religions of the empire. Subsequently he made 
Christianity the state religion and as we are told by Myers the 
historian : "This marks the beginning of the great possessions of 
the Church, and with these the entrance into it of a worldly spirit. 
From this moment can be traced the decay of its primitive sim- 
plicity and a decline from its early moral standard." Pagan cere- 
monies, worship and holidays were disguised and transferred into 
the Christian rites and thus corrupted, became religious practices. 
In the year 376 A. D. the Goths, who were a branch of the 
Teutonic race, formed an alliance with the Roman Emperor 
Valens and became allied to the Roman State. These western 
Goths had been terrified by a terrific onslaught of the Huns who 
were a monstrous race of fierce Nomadic horsemen from the vast 
steppes of Asia. T^)Oth Eastern and Western Goths crowded to 
the banks of the Danube and pleaded that they might be allowed 
to keep the river between themselves and the dreaded Huns, but 
as soon as the Goths had received permission the Emperor Valens, 
frightened out by their numbers, risked a battle with them to con- 
quer them. He was slain in 378 A .D. From this time the 
formation of kingdoms and nations on the Euro])ean continent 
had its inception. Rome as the mistress of the world was about 
to be cast from her proud em'nence. Daniel's vision of the image 



GUIDE LESSONS. 119 

was Hearing fulfilment : the toes of the image were shaping into 
the ten nations which now occupied Europe. 

There are three periods of history : ancient, medieval and 
modern. Ancient history begins with the beginning of life upon 
the earth and ends with the fall of the Roman empire. Medieval 
history begins with the introduction of Christianity into Rome 
and ends with the Reformation. From the close of the period of 
the Reformation in 1600 we have modern history. 

The Christian Era. At the time of the Savior all Europe 
north of the Pyrenees was in the hands of the Celts and the Goths 
— pagans all. In the year 400 A. D.. Europe was divided into the 
Eastern and Western empires. The Eastern empire extended 
from the lower Danube to the confines of Persia. The 
v/€stern empire extended from the Caledonian ramparts 
(Which was the wall builded by the Roman Conqueror 
Hadrian between Scotland and England), down through what 
is now Holland. Belgium, France and Italy to the foot* 
of Mt. Atlas. In 496 A. D.. Christianity was introduced 
among the Franks who were a tribe of Goths, and their 
king Clovis accepted baptism. In 768 A. D.. Charlemagne. King 
of the Franks, invaded Italy and annexed Northern Italy to his 
empire. He next conquered the Saxons, compelled them to adopt 
Christianity and made himself master of all Europe north of the 
Alps. He was recognized by the Pope of Rome and was himself 
a patron of art, literature, science and was indeed a very great and 
wise potentate. From that time France began its career as a 
separate kingdom. Norw^ay enters into the history of nations 
with Halfdan as king, (800 A. D.). Sweden in 900, and Denmark 
at about the same period. Iceland was settled in 8/4 A. D. Ger- 
many emerges asa nation wath King Louis. 814 A. D. ; and France 
and Gentiany, after wars and much strife became separate na- 
tions, in 887. Russia was sufiiciently united and nationalized in 
900 to take her place in the family of nations. By 1000 A. D. 
Spain was an independent kingdom under Ramira the Second ; 
Norway and Denmark were making and recording history ; Ger- 
many and France were at occasional wars wtih each other and 
with .surrounding nations ; Russia was ruled by Yarolaflf the Great. 

In this chapter we haA'e considered briefly the rise and fall of 
the ancient Japhetic peoples, who have been the forefathers and 
founders of modern Europe and who were in part the descend- 
ants of Japheth through his varied lineage. Mixed with his seed 
has been the blood of Israel which has also been pointed out in 
these lessons. The story of Germany, of France, of Scandinavia, 
and of Great Britain will be briefly referred to in the chapters 
dedicated to the historv of their surname origins, ^^'e will now 



120 RRLIEP SOCIRTY MAGAZINE. 

consider the varied branches of the Teutonic race which have in- 
vaded, conquered and settled the powerful modern continent of 
Europe. 

LESSON IV. 

Home Economics. 

Fourth Week in March, 
products .\nd by-product.s ol- dairy. 

Pure milk and health are closely related. Pure milk, or san- 
itary milk means milk containin,^- the minimum number of bacteria 
which are injurious to health. Sanitary milk and cream are 
prorlucts which are health-giving- and healthful. 

Many of our L'tah housekeepers have applied intelligently the 
principles of bacteriology and sanitat'on to the canning of vege- 
tables, fruits and meats. They have realized the imperative need 
'for perfect cleanliness. Clean milk is produced only from healthy, 
clean animals under sanitary conditions. Unsanitary milking 
.places should be considered just as much of an eyesore and a 
menace to health as a disgraceful backyard and an unsanitary 
kitchen. 

]\[ore education and co-operation in the home is required to 
raise the standard of clean milk production. All members of the 
family should unite in the effort to provide for pure milk, clean, 
sunny stalls for milking while sanitary milkers are more neces- 
sary to the well-being of the family than is the cement walk to 
the front door. 

As milk is the most important food for children, it is imper- 
ative that clean milk be produced. As individuals or as a com- 
munity we have absolutely no right to ignore conditions which 
cause suffering and death among children. It is safe td say that 
thousands of children diie annually in the United States from the 
effects of unclean milk. Sanitary milk means the product of 
healthy animals caught in clean receptacles, in dustless, odorless 
stalls, milked by persons with clean hands, and wearing clean 
clothing. As soon as possible the milk should be strained, thor- 
oughly cooled and kept in a cool, clean place until used. 

The food value of milk is often underestimated. The im- 
]wrtance of milk and its products is exceedingly great and is 
es])ecially so when we consider the relation of the milk supply 
to the strength and development of children. This is true be- 
cause milk contains certain essential compounds, the nature of 
which is not known, but which are necessary to the growth of 
young children. The growth compounds are not furnished in 
such abundance in any form of meat product. Dr. Graham Lusk. 
after careful research, states that a familv of five cannot afford 



GUIDE LESSONS. 121 

to purchase m.eat until it has bought three quarts of milk per day. 
If the health of the .people is to be maintained, the slogan of a 
quart of milk a 'da}^ for every child under eight and at least a 
pint for every adult should be accepted without question. The 
more recent nutritional studies show that it i,s more economical 
to feed animals for milk than it is for beef, i. e., a larger per- 
centage of nutrients is obtained from the same outlay for food. 
Dr. Jordan, Director of the New York Experiment Station, says 
after careful tests it is a very conservative statement to assert that 
under the very best possible conditions of production of food 
energy from milk compared with food value of steers and sheep, it 
has been found to be more than twice as economical to feed for 
milk rather than beef. 

Dr. E. V. McCoUum of the School of Hygiene and Public 
Health of John Hopkins University, says the use of milk and 
green vegetables is imperative not only because they are rich in 
ash constituents which are neces.sary for the growth of young 
children, but also because they are rich in the growth element 
called vitamines, which means life maintaining, and another ele- 
ment about which even less is known but which is necessary for 
growth and health. 

As the price of feeding stufif has increased 100 to 200 per 
cent, the price of milk has only advanced about 20 per cent. The 
public accepts an increase in price of other staples with much 
less concern than thati they do in the advance in the price of milk. 
We grant that milk contains a large percentage of water but it 
must be remembered that it has a dietary value far greater than 
can be expressed by the protein and energy content. A liberal 
amount of milk will help to eliminate doctors' bills, and at almost 
any price it should be considered a good food purchase. A com- 
])arison of milk with other food shows that : 

1 pint or lb. of whole milk at 5c a pint gives. . S7 prot. cal. 314 

1 lb. of round steak at 24j/2C a lb. gives 376 prot. cal. 709 

1 lb. of canned oysters at 35c a lb. gives.,. . . 59.68 prot. cal. 328 

1 lb. of eggs (about 9 eggs) gives 240 prot. cal. 672 

1 lb. of bread gives 168 prot. cal. 1174 

1 lb. of skim milk at 2^c gives 61 prot. cal. 166 

1 lb. of cheese at 'Zy^c a lb. gives 520 prot. cal. 1994 

1 lb. of cottage cheese gives 362 prot. cal. 498 

Many people are unaware of the value of skim milk. The 
proportion of protein is higher than in whole' milk. In addition 
to this it contains practically all of the mineral salts and sugar. 
In the home manufacture .of cottage or cream cheese the whey, 



122 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

which is also very vahiable. is chscarded. When milk is used this 
way over half of the energy value of the skim milk is lost. 

Unless there is an excess of milk to be utilized it is more 
economical to use skimmed milk in place of water in bread-mak- 
ing, cereal cooking, cream vegetable soups and cereal milk pud- 
dings. When skim milk is used in place of whole milk it is well 
to evaporate it down in order to bring out flavor and to increase 
the food value of the dish. 

The so-called cereal puddings are made by cooking an equal 
volume of sugar and of rice or other cereal in twelve volumes 
of milk. This gives a nutritious and palatable dish that is equal 
in protein value; bulk for bulk, to rice puddings rich with eggs. 

When skim milk is used in bread it adds to the value of the 
loaf as much as one tgg would. WHien used in place of water 
in cooking cereals it adds as much protein as three eggs would, 
besides changing and improving the flavor. 

Cream soups are simply mixtures of vegetables finely chopped 
or vegetable pulp and milk slightly thickened to which has been 
added some form of fat and seasonings. 

Every housekeeper should consider that milk is a bulky, per- 
ishable food necessary for growth which can be used generousl>- 
in order that the extra meat supply may be shipped to the soldiers 
and allies. Don't wilfully waste as much as a spoonful of milk 
during the coming twelve months. It is true that many adults 
and even some children cannot drink raw milk, but where milk 
is combined with other foods or cooked, most people can assimilate 
it without difficulty. 

QUESTIONS. 

Can the Relief Society in your ward create public sentiment 
for clean milk? 

Show pictures of good cow barn. 

Discuss cleansing, separation, and milk utensils. 

Compare protein value and caloric value of milk with at least 
two other protein foods. 

Whv is milk economical to use as food ? 



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UTAH AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE 

AGRICULTURE HOME ECONOMICS COMMERCE 

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING MECHANIC ARTS 

GENERAL SCIENCE 

The Agricultural Cullcge by Federal and State Law is designated to supply 

THE NEEDS OF THE NATION IN TP.IE OF WAR 

as well as in times of peace. 

OFFICERS FOR THE UNITED STATES ARMY— It now has estahlished a 
unit of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, which is designed to prepare 
officers for the United States Army. 

FOOD PRODUCERS — To successfully prosecute the war, food must be pro- 
duced and conserved under scientific supervision in order to reach a 
maximum production and minimize the waste. 

ENGINEERS — Expert training, on the part of large numbers of men, in sur- 
veying, construction, machine work, automobile care and repair, hydraulics, 
irrigation and drainage engineering, architectbre, wood, iron, and steel 
work, farm machinery, is necessary to National efficiency and National 
security. 

LEADERS IN HOME LIFE — Ignorance is mankind's greatest enemy. Yearly 
it invades the United States and steals away 200,000 infants. Learning 
and wisdom in relation to child-rearing and home management is made 
obvious by this dreadful mortality. Science mnst take hold of the gov- 
erning of the American home. 

The WINTER TERM Commenced DECEMBER 3 

Write for catalogue of the Utah Agricultural College. 
Address: THE PRESIDENT, LOGAN, UTAH. 



Garment Wearer's Attention 




A label like the above is found below the Temple brand in 
the neck of all L. D. S. "Temple Brand" garments. Be sure 
it is in those you buy. If your leading dealer does not have 
the garment you desire, select your wants from this list and 
send us the order. We will pay postage to any part of the 
United States. Samples submitted on request. 



Cotton, bleached, light weight $1.00 

Cotton, bleached, gauze weight... 1.35 
Cotton, bleached, medium weight 1.50 
Cotton, bleached, medium heavy 1.75 
Cotton, unbleached, heavy weight 1.75 

Lisle, bleached, gauze weight 2.00 

Lisle, bleached, light weight 1.75 

Fleeced cotton, bleached, heavy.. 2.00 



Mercerized cotton, light weight.... 2.00 
Mercerized cotton,medium weight 3.00 
Wash-shrunk wool, medium weight 2.50 
Wash-shrunk wool, heavy weight.. S.OO 
Silk and wool, medium weight... 3.50 
Australian wool, medium weight 3.50 
Australian wool, heavy weight... 6.00 



SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE 

70 MAIN STREET, SALT LAKE CITY 



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REiiffSoaflY? 

iJlAGAZiriE 




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MARCH, 1918. 



All Israel Moorns the Death of Hyrnm 
M. Smith 

Remember, Remember the Seventeenth 
of March 

Israel has Produced a Host of Unusual 
Mothers 

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Solid Gold Rings set with genuine Jmatrice $6.00 to $12.50 



Established 1877 Phone Was. 1370 


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L. D. S. GARMENTS 

LOOK FOR THIS LABEL IN THE NECK QF GARMENTS 



The Sign of 
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\ GARMENTS 



The Sign of 
Quality 



If your leading dealer does not have the garments you desire, 
select your wants from this list and send order direct to us. We 
will prepay all postage to any part of the United States. Samples 
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style Style 

1 Unlabeled — Spec'l gauze wt. $1.25 75 Cotton, medium wt..bleached$2.2.'> 

15 Cotton, spring needle gauze, 90 Cotton, heavy wt.. unbleached 2.50 

bleached 1.50 100 Cotton, heavy wt.. bleached.. 2.75 

10 Cotton, light wt., unbleached 1.7.5 107 Merino wool, medium wt 3.00 

3 Cotton, gauze wt., bleached.. 1.85 io9 Merino wool, heavy weight.. 3.50 

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70 MAIN STREET, SALT LAKE CITY 



The Relief Society Magazine 

Owned and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of thf 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

MARCH, 1918. 

To President Joseph F. Smith, his family and all Mourners. . 

L. Lula Greene Richards 12o 

Apostle Hyrum M. Smith and Family Frontispiece 

The Passing- of Apostle Hyrum M. Smith. Susa Young Gates 125 

Dreamland ( Poem) Laura Moench Jenkins 127 

The Oother Side Lucy May Green 128 

Unusual Mothers 1^1 

Suggestive Programs for Anniversary Day Morag 135 

Integrity and Personal Loyalty Laura J. Adamson 138 

Our Music Book l-l-O 

The St. George Temple (Poem) C. L. Walker 141 

Patriotic Department Mrs. Clarissa Smith Williams 144 

Current Topics James H. Anderson 147 

Flome Science Department • Janette A. Hyde 151 

Notes from the Field Amy Brown Lyman 154 

Food Poisoning J. E. Greaves 158 

War Economv in Shoes Lillian H. Cannon 161 

The Ship of Song Hazel S. Washburn 163 

Editorial : Keep Your Eye on the Mark 164 

Keep on Keeping on (Poem) Annie G. Lauritzen 165 

Guide Lessons 166 

The Magic of Song ( Music ) 

Mrs. Parley Nielson, Lucy ]\Iay Green 182 



ADVERTISERS' DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise with us. 

.AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 

BAILEY & SONS, Seeds, Salt Lake City. 

DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 

DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple St., Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books, and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets, Salt Lake City. 
MERCHANTS' BANK. Third South and Main Streets, Salt Lake City. 
McCONAHAY, THE JEWELER, 64 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
PEMBROKE COMPANY, 22-24 East Broadway, Salt Lake City. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 
STAR PRINTING CO., 30 P. O. Place, Salt Lake City. 
SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. & CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St., Salt Lake City. 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK, Salt Lake City. 
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UTAH AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE 

AGRICULTURE HOME ECONOMICS COMMERCE 

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING MECHANIC ARTS 

GENERAL SCIENCE 

The Agricultural Coiicge by Federal and State Lav/ is designated to supply 

THE NEEDS OF THE NATION IN TI.TE OF WAR 

as well as in times of peace. 

OFFICERS FOR THE UNITED STATES ARMY— It now has established a 
unit of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, which is designed to prepare 
officers for the United States Army. 

FOOD PRODUCERS— To successfully prosecute the war, food must be pro- 
duced and conserved under scientific supervision in order to reach a 
maximum production and minimize the waste. 

ENGINEERS — Expert training, on the part of large numbers of men, in sur- 
veying, construction, machine work, automobile care and repair, hydraulics, 
irrigation and drainage engineering, architecture, wood, iron, and steel 
work, farm machinery, is necessary to National efficiency and National 
security. 

LEADERS IN HOME LIFE— Ignorance is mankind's greatest enemy. Yearly 
it invades the United States and steals away 200,000 infants. Learning 
and wisdom in relation to child-rearing and home management is made 
obvious by this dreadful mortality. Science mnst take hold of the gov- 
erning of the American home. 

The SPRING TERM Commences MARCH 10 

Write for catalogue of the Utah Agricultural College. 
Address: THE PRESIDENT, LOGAN, UTAH. 



TO PRESIDENT JOSEPH F. SMITH, HIS FAMILY AND 
ALL MOURNERS. 

L. Lula Greene Richards. 

All Zion is with yon in mourning, 

The heart of the people is stirred 
For Hyrnm, with Truth's message burning. 

So suddenly called and transferred. 

His experience gives him great power 
In Truth for which martyrs have bled. 

And the Lord in this imminent hour 
Hath need of such men near the head. 

But Hyrum will often be near you 

To counsel and help you along. 
This knowledge must solace and cheer you 

And render you hopeful and strong. 

When you grieve he will grieve, but he joyous 
And count yourselves favored and blest ; 

For nothing can stay or destroy us 
Whose souls in the Savior find rest. 

Praise God for the knowledge supernal 

Which helps us to reverently bow, 
We know Him, and have life eternal. 

Not only hereafter, but now! 

A continuous chain is this living 

On earth and in heaven above ; 
Those who pass are to us ever giving 

Gifts laden with eternal love. 




APOSTLE HYRUM M. SMITH AND WIFE IDA BOWMAN SMITH 

Son, Joseph F., aged 19; daughters, Geraldine, aged 14; Margaret, 
aged 10; Macksene, aged 7 years. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. MARCH, 1918. No. 3 



The Passing of Apostle Hyrum M. 

Smith. 

By Susa Young Gates. 

In the death of Elder Hyrum M. Smith, on January 23, 1918, 
there passed from this earth one of the great leaders in Israel 
who was also a well-nigh perfect son and ideal husband and 
father. Because of Elder Hyrum M. Smith's great promi- 
nence in the Church, as well as for the wonderful opportunities 
afforded him for noble development, his life and character stand 
out as a beacon for all men in this Church. Mothers rnight well 
seek to mould the characters of their ,&ons upon this model; 
wives might wisely aim to imitate the virtues and charms of the 
wife of this able Apostle. Hyrum M. Smith is the eldest son of 
President Joseph F. Smith and the first born of his mother Edna. 
He was born into a sheltered home where both parents guarded 
their offspring with the rigid care and a loving solicitude sur- 
passing all known precedents. He spent his childhood and youth 
in the glow of constant affection, and basked continually in the 
light of inspired guidance. From his youth up his mother fol- 
lowed his every footstep, taught him the principles of the gospel, 
inculcated the fear of the Lord in his soul, and helped him to 
overcome all youthful tem.ptations, turning errors into experience 
and making of conquered temptation a bent circle of protection 
for the future guidance of his own children. 

His father's exquisite personal attention to each of his chil- 
dren focused itself in the pride and longing for the welfare of 
this his eldest son. Poverty was a spur to Hyrum's ambition. 
Stern duty won his keenest incentive. An apt student with a 
quick mind, he absorbed learning and assimilated the education 
of life with passing efficiency. Matthias F. Cowley writes of 
him : 

"Hyrum grew up. developing to a marked degn e the bound- 
less love and impartial affection which he had be'- accustomed 
to see his father and mother mete out to their ch dren, and h'u 



126 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

father to his wives. Until he left the paternal roof of his parents 
he would be visited by that ever-loving father who must still 
kiss him and tuck the covers snugly around him. Even today, 
whenever father and son meet, in the home, on the street, in the 
office, it matters not where, they meet with an affectionate and 
holy kis,s. Hyrum was taught to love his home, and there he 
could always be found when no duty called him away." 

Married on the eve of his departure for Great Britain — No- 
vember 15, 1895 — Hyrum found in his partner, Miss Ida Bow- 
man of Ogden, his soul-mate in very truth. She was his com- 
plement and a helpmeet indeed for him; gifted with a sweet, 
engaging personality, amiable to a fault, she returned the ardor 
of his constant and pure affection in kind. Rarely hath Israel 
seen so perfect an example of marital devotion and constancy as 
this remarkable couple manifested from the first day of. their 
betrothal to the day of his untimely death. No romance was 
ever written, no idyl ever conceived in the brain of poet 
which throbbed and pulsated with the charm and purity of heav- 
enly love shown by this devoted pair of married lovers. 

When the Utah women went to Rome, in 1914, Sister Ida 
Smith accompanied the party from Liverpool. Before leaving 
her home she remarked to her husband that her motherly fears 
were concerned about her children whom she was leaving behind. 

"Be at peace," he replied, "for they shall never leave my 
sight while you are away," and he kept his word. 

Each day a letter arrived by post from him while his wife 
v/as in Rome, and on her birthday, which happened while she was 
there with us, a lovely basket of flowers came to her room, or- 
dered by telegraph as her husband's greeting of that auspicious 
day. His letters, too sacred for curious eyes, breathed the ten- 
derest solicitude possible for man to experience or express. 

As a son his devotion was no less marked and loyal. His 
mother and his father represented that which he might hope to 
find in his heavenly parents beyond the veil. 

In his dying hours he remarked that he was blessed indeed 
in such a wife and in such a father and mother. As his spirit 
was about to take its flight he told his watchers that he was weary 
and would rest. Told that his father had sent word that he must 
live, he roused himself momentarily and said firmly. "If father 
says I must live, then I must." 

Brother Hyrum M. Smith was ordained to the quorum of 
the Twelve Apostles October 24, 1901, and for sixteen years 
be exercised his calling with unselfish devotion and the stern- 
e>;t sense of dutv. His missionary labors in Great Britain, dur- 
ing the outbreak of the war, permitted the exercise of his highest 
and best gifts. The sharp edges of his character were mellowed 



DREAMLAND. 127 

and tempered b}' the terrific blows of adversity and want which 
spread about his pubhc ministry there in ever-widening circles. 
His keen sympathy with suffering- and pain, with helpless children 
and want in any form stretched his heartstrings with quivering 
response in that maelstrom of war-torn Europe. He received 
with delight the initial offering of the Salt Lake Temple sisters, 
raised by his own honored mother, and later the munificent charity 
of the Church itself, amounting in all to tens of thousands of 
dollars. He and his wife distributed these amounts with im- 
partial justice to every branch in the mission with as keen delight 
and as much personal happiness as marked any act of his life 
or ministry. 

Much may be learned from the study of the lives of our 
o-reat leaders. ' We commend to our sisters everywhere a perusal 
of the labors and ministry of this great son of a greater father ; 
and in the consideration of Elder Hyrum M. Smith forget not to 
incite a noble imitation in the breasts of your own children of his 
tender qualities as a loving son and devoted husband and a 
true and wise father to his children. All Israel mourns in the-.r 
own loss which perhaps is even greater than that of his sorrowing 
parents and his bereaved wife. May the sweet peace of heaven 
temper every grief and recompense Israel in the loss of this 
mighty leader. 

DREAMLAND. 
By Laura Moench Jenkins. 

At midnight's holy hour, day's duty o'er, 

Through Phantom's sea, we speed to Dreamland's shore, 

O sacred Isle ! The spirit's home so fair ; 

How mortals seek thee, in that great Somewhere ! 

Oh, we would feign unlock thy mysteries, 

Unveil them, for they are realities. 

On Dreamland's Isle, the loved and lost we meet ; 
Their forms so d.ear. once more we fondly greet. 
Moments unfettered — ^converse e'en to hold ; 
Tales oft repeated — ^tales before untold. 
Enshrouded e'er in deepest mystery. 
Existing still in sweet reality. 

Bright daylight breaking, bids our spirits part. 
With no leave taking, silently each heart 
Wakes for its duty, lightened for its task ; 
In light of Dreamland, through the day to l)ask. 
When will the hand unlock these mysteries, 
That o-ives to all these sweet realities. 



The Other Side. 

By Lucy May Green. 

A s^oft, ethereal light illuminates a chamber on the land of 
departed spirits, where a sweet-faced woman was busily prepar- 
ing' for a brief return to earthland. Each .day a company of spirits 
were allowed to visit the temples of earth, where earnest, unsel- 
fish souls performed ordinances of the Lord's house in behalf of 
tlieir departed ancestors. 

Long- and earnestly had Hannah prayed, and waited for this 
privilege, but ever and anon she had to stand quietly by while 
others were sent. 

When the last list of names was read, hers was among 
tl'ie number, and the day now .dawning on earth was the time set. 
It was also her earthly birthday anniversary. No wonder Hannah 
was happy. Her pure face radiated joy and happiness, for had 
she not learned that he, the husband of her youth, and partner of 
her earth life was also to be there. She loved him tenderly and 
longed for his companionship, although for many years they had 
been separated. She remembered with joy when the gospel was 
first made known to her, how eagerly she ahd accepted its truths. 
Many blessings had been hers, precious promises given, but to her 
lifelong sorrow, David, her husband, refused to receive the truth, 
nor would he allow their children to enter the fold. Her children 
. — would the lessons taught in their infancy bear fruit ? Or their 
promised blessinges ever be realized ? Ilannah wondered as she 
prepared herself for the journey. The ch'ldren were now men 
and women with families of their own. Could it be possible that 
some of them have accepted the truth? No word had been re- 
ceived to this efifect, only that on this day now dawning, the or- 
dinances of the house of the Lord would be performed for and in 
b(:half of Hannah and David, and they had been granted the priv- 
ilege of attending the ceremonies. 

Her preparations complete Hannah was joined by her sis- 
ters Rhoda and Sophia, and clothed in their white robes and man- 
tles, the three hastened to attend a little gathering for prayers 
and instruction before taking their journey. 

In his room in the prison house of those who had rejected the 
gospel on earth stood David, awaiting his call to visit the earth- 
land. 

In mortality his life had been an honorable one, clean, hon- 
est and true, but his c}'es had been closed to the beauties of the 
gospel. In vain had been the touching elo(iuence of the preach- 



THE OTHER SIDE. 129 

ers of the word, nor had the patient, faithful, daily testimony of 
his gentle wife Hannah, power to convince him of the need of 
faith, repentance and baptism. 

Now apart from his loved companion, he had paid the penalty 
of his long indifference upon earth. Still he was but half con- 
vinced. Today, if he would receive it, his release would be 
brought about by one whose voice had been unheeded on earth, 
but whose loving administrations could reach behind the veil into 
the spirit world. The call was sounded for departure, and the 
little band, swiftly wending their way earthward soon joined a 
company of ministering angels whose hearts were also filled with 
a burning desire to assist their companions. 

Eagerly the band of invisible beings gathered in the assem- 
bly room of the temple, watched, listened, and joined in the 
prayers and promises, following the company, as the sacred mys- 
teries were unfolded. There David's eyes were fixed upon the man 
who bore his own name for one day. He rejected his teachings 
and appeals on earth, now this good man was laboring to release 
David from his prison house. How happy Hannah was ! Soon 
to be reunited with her husband and return home together. The 
days of separation were about over! It was all clearing now to 
David's vision. As the day wore on he saw principles and truths 
that he had never quite comprehended. "I believe ! I repent !" he 
cried to his guide. "I accept the gospel." Thus prayed the now 
truly repentant David as the little party entered the last room, 
v/hile their earthly representatives, instead of going on to the final 
sealing ordinance, turned aside and went below. 

Eagerly now pressed forward David and Hannah, but those 
officiating had left the sacred courts and the day's work was over. 
A. veil of darkness seemed to cover the soul of the man, and out 
of the darkness came a voice which said, "Your time is not yet. 
Unto him that hath, it shall be given, but into him that hath not, it 
shall be taken away even that which he hath." 

To the soul of the faithful Hannah a precious promise was 
given that in the own due time of the Lord their temple work 
should be completed through the labors of one of her grand- 
daughters who would soon receive the truth. 

The return journey to the land of departed spirits was cloud- 
ed for David and Hannah. They had received great blessmgs ana 
their feet had been set in the w^ay of advancement, but they still 
wovild be separated. 

"My punishment is just," mourned the man, as they bade 
farewell at the entrance of their new spirit home. "Pray for me, 
Hannah, that some time I may become worthy of you." 

"We will both pray, and continue in prayer, that in the 
Father's own time our spirits may again be united. That time 



'130 RIlLJUr SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

vili surely conic, I know," returned Hannah. "Farewell until 
that clay dawns," she continued, as with a lingering handclasp 
they separated. Thus the years passed on, David spending his 
time in studying the life-giving principles of the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ, under the teachings of ancient and modern prophets and 
teachers on the other side, walking humbly and prayerfully the 
narrow way, living according to God in the spirit, always longing 
aiid ever hopeful that as he progresed along the heavenly way. he 
v.'ould overtake his beloved Hannah and would be proven worthy 
of her. One wonderful day she came to him with the glad news: 

"Our eldest grand-daughter has received the truth and gath- 
ered to Zion. She has received the blessings of the house of the 
Lord and has commenced the work for her departed loved ones. 
Come, let us seek permission to visit and im])art unto her our 
desires." 

The faithful couple soon received .permission to visit their 
grand-daughter, and in the deep stillness of the night they entered 
her bed-chamber, striving with all their power to communicate 
tlieir desires and needs unto her sleeping body through her sen- 
sitive spirit dreams or impressions. 

:j: ^ * ^ ;|; 

When Mary Ruff awakened from her dream she remem- 
bered that she had seen her grandparents and that there was some- 
thing they wanted her to do for them. What could it be. she 
wondered. Their temple work had been done by Elder J. and 
she had a letter from him recently in which he said, "All had 
been done to insure them a glorious resurrection." 

Mary made it a matter of prayer and fasting, and on several 
.subsequent occasions her strange dream was repeated, until it was 
finally made known to the young woman that while baptism and 
endowments had been .performed for her grandparents, the sealing 
ordinance had been omitted. 

Correspondence with the temple confirmed this, and Mary 
who loved her grandparents dearly determined to attend to th's 
work, and on the occasion of her own marriage, through the 
power of the priesthood which can bind on earth and it is bound 
in heaven, the long separated spirits were united for time and all 
eternity. In a dream a few nights later Mary was given a brief 
glimpse of her loved ones in their new spirit home. Their eternal 
union was now secure and on their radiant faces beamed the light 
of eternal joy. The vision closed and over Mary's being stole a 
sense of deep satisfaction and knowledge that the work was in- 
deed ap.proved and accepted. Mary spends a good deal of her 
time in the temple now, for she knows without a doubt that the 
v/ork done on earth for our departed kindred is indeed recorded 
in heaven and accepted by those on the other side. 




MRS. FIELDS. 



MRS. RUDY. 



MRS. TAGGART. 



Unusual Mothers. 



MRS. MARTHA RUDY. 
Of Duchesne Stake. 

M-OTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN, REARED TO MANHOOD AND WOMANHOOD. 
TWO SONS IN THE ARMY. 

The subject of this sketch, Mrs. Martha Rudy, is the sev- 
enth child of John G. and Martha Davis Timothy, born August 
3, 1862, on the plains, enroute from Wales to Salt Lake City. 

The hardships endured were identical with those suffered in 
the tedious journey of the early pioneers. 

When the family landed Brother Timothy had a wife, seven 
sons and a daughter, but never a dollar in money. Times were 
hard and work was scarce, but all survived and they lived, suc- 
cessively at Salt Lake City, Lehi, Wallsburg, Round Valley and 
Vernal. 

At the age of eleven, little Martha had her patriarchal bless- 
ing under the hands of Patriarch Levi Hancock. It promised 
her many desirable blessings among which was a long life, "until 
the winding up scene," and that she was to be a "mother in Israel." 

She was married Dec. 10, 1879, to Alma Gardner to which 
union were born John Alma. La Prele, Alice, Rhoda, Mabel, Ja- 
nette and Cora Belle, all of whom are married and rearing fam- 
ilies, except Rhoda who died of pneumonia at Vernal at the age 
of 8 years. There are 23 grand children. 

As may be imagined the hardships endured were great, inci- 
dent to their removal to Ashley Valley at that early time, 1881, 
but their condition was reduced to almost abject want and despair, 
by the sudden death of her husband while at work on a copper 
prospect north of Vernal, now known as the Dyer Mine. 



132 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Out of her sorrow she gathered strength and courage ; set 
bravely to work washing and learning carpet-weaving, resolved to 
face the world supporting herself and seven helpless little ones, 
with the labor of her own hands. But by the kindness and esteem 
of her relatives and friends, of whom there were many, the bur- 
den was lightened ; the family kept together and well supplied 
with the necessaries of life. 

In May, 1891, her burdens were shared by J. P. Rudy, a 
transient school teacher whom she married. 

To this union were born ten children : Cornelia, Lloyd, Czar. 
Gala, Owen, Olive, Thelma and Delma (twins), LaRue, and 
Wanda. Wanda is now 11 years old. 

The children are all well, enjoying the best of health, being 
mentally and physically able to compete with their fellows and 
take their places among the best citizenship. 

Lloyd and Czar are both drafted. The latter is now in Camp 
Lewis. 

Contrary to the custom of today, all the children were born 
into the world with the services of midwives, it never being 
necessary to call a physician. One hundred and fifty dollars will 
rasily cover all these expenses and subsequent medicines up to 
ilate. 

It must not be thouhgt that the ways of the world were not 
laid bare nor understood. Many kindly disposed yet worldly and 
irreligious women went out of their way to explain how foolish 
she was to have so many children. It was even pointed out to her 
that it was a sin to bring so many children into her existing con- 
dition of poverty. She bravely, however, defended her course 
;\nd spurned the unholy advice. 

She not only reared her seventeen children but she had in her 
care for four years, three of her son John's children, whose 
mother died, leaving a baby three months old, a boy, a little girl 
of two and another boy of four. This was done at a time when 
her body and mind really demanded rest and quiet, but she stoutly 
refused propositions to separate the children or allow them to be 
taken elsewhere. 

Mrs. Rudy is now living on their homestead near Ft. Du- 
chesne, which is under development, with her husband and six 
children. She is doing all her own work, sewing and all, without 
any help other than that of her children who are attending school. 
She is strong and in good health, just now working strenuously 
to dress the children and get things ready for a visit, all by her- 
j^eU, to her daughter, LaPrele Hoeft, in San Francisco, California. 

She is a living witness to the false notion that childbearing 
lessens the vitality and shortens a woman's life. On the contrary, 



UNUSUAL MOTHERS. 133 

she insists it is the only safeguard against wrinkles and prema- 
ture old age. Her advisers are almost withered away. 

JESSIE m'nIVEN TAGGART. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN, FIFTEEN LIVING. 

Jessie McNiven Taggart was born Feb. 7, 1853, in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland. Her mother, having accepted the gospel, emi- 
grated to Utah in 1861, crossing the ocean in the ship Under- 
zvriter. 

The girl Jessie, was very, very ,sick on the ocean and several 
times she was at the point of death. President Charles W. Pen- 
rose was a passenger on the ship and said that this girl had an 
important mission to fill in the earth and promised she should live. 
She arrived in Salt Lake City in September, 1861, in Homer 
Duncan's company. The family moved to Morgan county, the 
same year and went through the hardships of the settlement of 
that valley. 

She was married to George H. Taggart, September 26, 1870, 
in the Endowment House, Salt Lake City. She is the mother of 
ten sons and six daughters all of whom have grown to man and 
womanhood except one son, who died when about twelve years of 
age. All are married except three sons, one of whom is now sec- 
retary of the Swiss and German mission at Basel, Switzerland. 
This splendid mother has fifty-seven grandchildren living. They 
are an exceptional family, all being gifted in music and singing. 
No deformed or weak children, or grandchildren, in this family, 
and all are active in the Church. She was a teacher in the first 
Relief Society organized in Morgan county. She was then four- 
teen years of age and has been a member from that time to the 
present, fifty years. She was counselor in the Cowley Society 
for a number of years and president for eight years. She is still 
an active Church worker and many sad hearts have been made 
lighter by her presence in the sick room or where death had en- 
tered and taken away some loved one. 

ANNIE JENSEN FIELDS. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Annie Jensen Fields, of Pleasant View, Weber county, Utah, 
was born in Pleasant Grove, Utah, April, 7, 1871. She was mar- 
ried to Jefferson Fields, in 1889, and is the mother of 16 children ; 
three are dead and three are married. She is now 46 years old 
and quite well. Her ten unmarried children are all at home. 

Sister Fields lived in Idaho for three years ; the remainder of 
her married life has been spent in Utah. 



134 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

She has never taken any part in Church afifairs, and seldom 
attends Church. In fact, she has never taken any part whatever 
in public life. 

MRS. EI.IZARETH A. FARMER BUTTERFIELD. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Elizabeth A. Farmer Butterfield was the daughter of James 
and Sarah Trussler Farmer. She was born October 17, 1848, in 
Rygate, England. 

She was married to Almon Butterfield. January 27, 1866, and 
is the mother of 16 children. 

At the present time she lives in Ilerriman, Utah. 



OUR ANNIVERSARY. 
By Coral J . Black. 

We meet again, this blessed an.d happy day. 
To place Love's laurels on the hallowed shrine 

Of those who opened fair Advancement's door 
To womankind, led l)y the hand Divine. 

Thrice blessed was he, our Prophet, brother, friend, 
Who looked with vision clear adown the years 

And saw the wondrous fruit of that small seed 
Fostered with love, and sanctified with tears. 

Thrice blessed those women who first trod the path 
Before whose intellect and faith our bondage fled, 

For thrice ten thousand women of today, 
With heart and spirit, follow where they led. 

Thrice blessed was she, endowed by Holy Love, 
Poet and bard — fit queen of such a band — 

Whose spirit, dauntless, rose to every task 
Nor quailed beneath the Adversary's hand. 

Thrice blessed be our President, whose snowy hair 
Shines like a halo 'round her dear sweet face, 

Pattern and guide for us to emulate : 

God grant she long may fill her wonted place. 

Then ever onward, upward, let us strive, 

United always, in our joys or tears. 
Remembering it was given ns to lead 

Woman's triumphal march adown the years. 



Suggestive Programsfor Anniversary 

Day. 

MARCH 17, 1918. 
By Morag. 

The seventeenth of March is an anniversary that should be 
celebrated throughout the world, wherever the Relief Society is 
organized. It is good to meet together on such occasions to com- 
memorate in song and story and thanksgiving the wonderful 
day when the door was opened for women by the Prophet Joseph 
Smith. Wherever the celebration is held, whether in the home, 
the ward or the stake, let each active member of the Society see 
to it that she is responsible for the attendance of one or more 
friends or neighbors and let our slogan be this year, as it was 
given in early .days, "Every virtuous woman, a Relief Society 
member." 

PATRIOTIC CELEBRATIOX. 

Hymn, "Oh, Jesus the Giver." 

Invocation. 

State song: "Utah We Love Thee." 

Roll Call. Extracts from first minutes. 

Brief report of year's work by president. 

Solo, "Keep the Home Fires Burning." 

Five minute talk on Conservation, with report of what your 
Society has done. 

Address on War Gardens for 1918. 

Song, "The New Freedom Song." (August, 1917, R. S. 
Magazine.) 

Address. " The Red Cross Work." 

Flag salute and oath : "I pledge allegi.ince to the Flag, and 
to the Republic for which it stands, one nation indivisible, with 
liberty and justice for all." 

Song. "The Star-Spangled Banner." 
Let the secretary call for those to stand whose ancestors fought 
in : 

1. The Revolutionary War. 

2. The Crimean War. 

3. The Civil War. 

4. The Spanish-American War. 

5. Those who were Utah Pioneers. 



136 RELIEF SOCfETV MAGAZINE. 

6. Those who were Handcart Pioneers. 

7. Those who were Members of the Rehef Society in 

Nauvoo. 
Also find out : 

Who planted war gardens last year? 
Who will plant war o'ardens this year? 
Who have signed Hoover food cards? 
Who are Red Cross members? 

Who own Liberty Bonds or War Savings Certificates? 
Who have members of their families in the U. S. service? 
If refreshments are served, see that they conform to the 
Hoover standard. 



Here is a novel entertainment for a Relief Society choir. 

The invitation : 

The Relief Societv choir of the Ward would like to 




at a musical party to be held at (Time and Place). 
You will be 




Music Program 
The Bells (and Belles) 

Ladies' Quartette "Bells of Aberdovey" 

Reading "The Bells" ( Poe) 

Story "The Bells of Atri" (Longfellow) 

Piano A "Chimes" selection 

Song "Those Evening Bells" (Girls in evening costume) 

Tableau. ."Those Morning Belles" (Same girls in work dresses) 

Story of ....\ .' . . The "Liberty Bell" 

Tableau The Goddess of Liberty 

Tableau . . Belles of Long Ago (Music, "Sweet, Charming Bells") 

Tableau Scotch Belie (Music, "Blue Bells of Scotland") 

Tableau Convent Bells (Nun) 

Duet "List to the Convent Bells" 

Tableau. .Wedding Belle (Music, "Wedding March" Lohengrin) 

Tableau Belle of the Future (Baby) 

"Star-Spangled Banner (Tableau and Song) 



SUGGESTIVE PROGRAMS. 137 



HOME EVENING. 

March 1 is the birthday of President Wilford Woodruff and 
his wife Emma Smith Woodruff. 

This mpnth let us spend an hour in considering some of the 
wonderful achievements and missionary labors of this great 
leader in Israel, and of his faithful companion. 

Materials may be gathered from any Church history, while 
many homes contain Life of Wilford Woodruff, or Leaves From 
My Journal, autobiography. 

Speak of his wonderful industry, his simple life, undaunted 
faith, his remarkable escapes from death, and achievements in the 
missionary field, his prophetic gifts and undaunted loyalty to the 
truth, etc., etc. 

Sister Woodruff will be remembered as a Utah pioneer, a 
member of the General Board of the Relief Society, for many 
years associated with Sister Bathsheba Smith as a temple worker, 
and as the president of the Granite Stake Relief Society. Her 
solid worth, her industry, her extreme humility, and unflinching 
fidelity to the work of the Lord, endeared her to all who associated 
with her. 

President Woodruff's favorite hymn was , "God Moves in a 
Mysterious Way." 



BIBLE READING FOR MARCH 

First Epistle to the Corinthians. 
Second Epistle to the Corinthians. 
Galatians 1-3. 
One chapter each day. 



GREETINGS. 

This office is in receipt of kindly greetings from Hilo, Hawaii, 
and from Cardston, Canada. Elder Russell Ros.siter laboring in 
Hilo sends a charming calendar and booklet, while Ekler Sterling 
Williams, counselor to Pres. E. J. Woods, sends a fine colored 
calendar. 



Integrity and Personal Loyalty. 

Necessary Elements in Successful Organization. 

By Laura J. Adamson, President of Relief Society 
of the Boise Stake. 

"Stern Daughter of the voice of God, 
O Duty, if that name thou love 
Who art a light to guide, a rod 
To check the erring, and reprove ; 
Thou who art victory and law 
When empty terrors overawe ; 
From vain temptations dost set free ; 
And calm'st the weary strife of frail humanity." 

— Wordsworth. 

Certainly duty is a rod to check the erring-; it sets people 
free from temptation and calms the strife of humanity. The 
rod is not one of force and coercion, but one of invitation, of per- 
suasion, of assistance. 

Faithfulness to duty leads to dependableness, or integrity, a 
condition to be sought for and obtained in any organization which 
is active and complete and which meets with any measure of suc- 
cess. 

In the army and navy, attention to duty is a fundamental re- 
quirement. When Lord Nelson gave the command to his British 
associates he inspired their courage by assuring them that "Eng- 
land expects every man, this day. to do his duty." A sentinel 
who had fallen asleep in a grain field was awakened to see his 
general standing in his place, only to realize that he had sacrificed 
liis right to the claim of military integrity. 

One of the biggest problems the business man encounters is 
to secure assistants in whom he can place implicit confidence ; 
upon whom he can depend. 

If dependableness in the army and the navy, and in business, 
is a fundamental reciu'rement, what can we say of its place in 
the church? Were the pioneers people who could be depended 
upon? Did they stand the test? Were they firm when events 
reached a crisis? The choicest characters in church history are 
those men and women who never faltered in the race of adver- 
sity, persecution or trial. They were true to a trust; they kept 
their word ; they did their full duty, and because of these char- 
acteristics" we revere their memories. We owe to such characters 



INTEGRITY AND PERSONAL LOYALTY. 139 

a full measure of gratitude for the very soil upon which we have 
planted our feet ; for the opportunities we are afforded, and for 
many of the blessings we enjoy. 

No well laid plan can be successfully completed without the 
assistance of dependable persons. Results would not be obtained 
where the officers, detailed to perform their part, failed to dis- 
charge their obligation. 

It may be said that integrity usually begets personal loyalty. 
One of the essential characteristics of a successful business officer 
in a church organization is that of loyalty to his associates and to 
those by whom he has been chosen to act. If a church officer .does 
not intend to stand by those who have chosen him, he will do him- 
self a favor and his associates a kindness by presenting his resig- 
nation. The way would then be cleared to secure active cooper- 
ation and live interest from those who have both integrity and 
loyalty. Loyalty to constituted authority should be the slogan of 
all officers in the Boise stake. For it we will merit and receive 
appreciation from our leaders and inspire the best efforts of 
which that authority is capable. What could we ask more, — of- 
ficers — members ? 

Your loyalty to the authorities in an organization is evidence 
of your confidence. No loyal worker in the Church will neglect 
to perform the reasonable duties which may be imposed upon him. 
He will not shirk ; he will not tire ; he will not betray a trust. His 
course will be well defined. His work will be well performed and 
his attitude will be unquestioned. When Porter Rockwell was 
imprisoned in Missouri, and while for weeks he suffered the in- 
dignities of a merciless prison guard, he was given the assurance 
that upon the delivery into custody of the Prophet Joseph Smith, 
wealth, money or position would be his, he answered with sublime 
loyalty, "I'll see you all in hell first, and then I won't." 

A loyal body of active officers forms an efficient working 
force. Such a body can lead out in social activities and can create 
a healthful community spirit; can be in the vanguard of child and 
community welfare ; can induce a spirit of industry which will re- 
sult in a full treasury for the organization ; can stimulate a meet- 
ing attendance that will be encouraging ; can heed and fully meet 
the demands for moral and intellectual betterment of the people 
among whom this directing force strives. 

Give to an organization such leadership and a moving force 
will be set up whose influence will be felt for good and whose 
work will vitalize the lives of those upon whom its influence is 
shed. 

I submit that dependableness is an essential characteristic 
of the soldier, the sailor, the man of business, the statesman, the 



140 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

private citizen and the humble church worker. Faithfulness to 
duty inculcates loyalty to constituted authority. Loyalty to co- 
workers is an evidence of confidence, it cements officers into an 
efficient working force whose influence radiates from center to 
circumference and whose endeavors result in the accomplishment 
of permanent good and final perfection. 

The foregoing article is one among several papers which 
were prepared upon individual assignment by the stake presidency 
and read before a convention of all stake officers, held in Boise, 
November 3, 1917. We heartily commend it to the careful con- 
siileration of the stake and ward officers of the Boise stake, for 
the inspiration which it breathes and for the soundness of argu- 
ment and genuineness of the gospel spirit which it contains and 
which should fill (or find an abiding place in) the heart of every 
Latter-day Saint, especially the officers in the Church. It is de- 
sired that this be read in all officers' meetings in the stake. 

Boise Stake Presidency. 



OUR MUSIC BOOK. 

The General Board of the Relief Society have authorized 
Prof. Brigham Cecil Gates and Elder Edwin F. Parry, Jr., to 
prepare and publish suitable hymns and .songs for our local meet- 
ings and for use in conferences. The collection will include 
many new hymns and songs by our best home composers while not 
neglecting entirely the classics and popular music of today. We 
are happy to extend this help to our faithful and deserving choirs 
and musicians. 

The selections will be classified in opening and closing choral 
numbers, solos, duets, trios, quartettes, choruses for women's 
voices, all within easy vocal range and chosen with especial fitness 
for Relief Society choir work. 



The St. George Temple. 

Lines composed for the 22nd Anniversary of the First Baptism, 

January p, iS'j'j, in the St. George Temple. 

Respectfully inscribed to Elder David H. Cannon, President of 

S. George Temple. [By Solicitation.] 

Thrice weloome, Saints of latter days, 
To mingle words of prayer and praise, 
Who've met responsive to the call: 
Thrice welcome! Peace be unto all! 

Yes, welcome to this Holy Shrine! 
Welcome to tread its courts divine! 
Let joyous be the sacred tread 
Of all who labor for the dead. 

Yes, — for the world was framed of God, 
'Twas planned to build this blest abode, 
A House of holiness and peace; 
Where millions yet may gain release. 

No wonder that the realms on high 
Reverberated songs of joy, 
For anthems, grand in theme, were sung; 
The echoing worlds, glad praises rang ! 

How grand the song — Angelic Host! 
Praise Father, Son and Holy Ghost, 
And distant worlds caught the refrain, 
And chant His praise, again, again. 

And why these songs of joy so great, 
By those in pre-existent state? 
It was because they understood 
The offering of the Son of God. 

We favored few assembled here. 
The precious words of Christ did hear : 
"Here am I, send me," He cried ; 
"Amen!" Celestial Hosts replied. 

He came, and as on earth He dwelt, 
He prayed, and to His Father knelt : 
"Thy will be done, O God in me. 
That I the captives may set free." 



142 RELIJlI- SOClLiTY MAGAZINE. 

And by His suffering on the cross, 

An ordinance vicarious, 

By which vast hosts in prison gloom 

Were freed from monster Death and Tomb. 

What made the Sons of God to ,shout, 
Who viewed salvation brought about 
By Christ the Lamb of God — our Head? 
Free to the Living and the Dead. 

With eye prophetic they .did gaze 
On temples built in latter days ; 
They prophesied, on Zion's Land 
Thousands of temples yet would stand. 

They saw the work immensely great, 
To be performed in this estate, 
For those who prayed, nor plead in vain, 
For Christ to break the captive's chain. 

He rose triumphant from the grave. 
With healing in His wings to save, 
Diffusing light through prison gloom, 
Proclaiming victory o'er the tomb. 

And shall we here, who hold the keys 
Grow careless oft, and take our ease? 
Whilst those with pitying accents pray 
"Oh God! Oh God! when is my day?" 

Then when we get behind the vail. 
And hear our kindred's broken wail, 
They'll meet us with reproachful looks. 
With unfilled blanks in temple books. 

No vain regrets, no lame excuse. 
The day is past, we can not use. 
Earth-life again, tho' brief, we'll crave. 
In earnest work our dead to save. 

'Tis awful when we meditate 
The harrowing thought, too late, too late ! 
No grief, remorse, nor floods of tears 
Will then atone for mis-spent years. 

Then let us all fall into line. 
Make hay, while all is yet sunshine, 
Our life is short, not guaranteed; 
Then, while we live work for our dead. 



THE ST. GEORGE TEMPLE. 141 

Shall I relate to you a theme — 
Of one who had a certain dream? 
He dreamed of opportunities well used, 
Of others he had oft enthused. 

He dreamed the records he had made 
Proceeding from a joyous throng, 
Who greeted him with tender care 
His home assured to mansions fair ! 

He dreamed the Records he had made 
On Earth, while working for the dead, 
Were graved on diamond tablets bright, 
Above the brilliant noon-day light. 

The work, well done, I will ensure 
Will be accepted ; yea, for sure 
'Tis sealed with Heaven's divinity, 
'Midst the archives of Eternity. 

And we shall be the favored ones. 
Inheriting those glorious thrones, 
By virtue of those blessings sealed 
Of God, to Joseph Smith revealed. 

The work is great, immense, sublime, — 
There's millions waiting for the time 
When friends and relatives on Earth, 
Will bless them with baptismal birth. 

The time may come, as some supposed, 
When all the temples will be closed : 
For even now, men would engage 
The hosts of Hell, to vent their rage. 

What tho' through persecution rife, 
We're called to leave this chequered life. 
Sweet consolation God will give, 
Tho' dead, our temple work will live. 

God bless the Saints assembled here ! 
Their friends and relatives most dear. 
God's blessings rest upon this shrine, 
And all engaged in work divine. 

And may we here, all live to see, 
God's power, and might, and majesty 
Pisplayed, his Kingdom, bringing forth 
"Good will to men, yea, peace on Earth !" 

C. L. Walker. 




a 



By Mrs. Clarissa Smith WiUiatns. 

Liberty Stake. 

The sisters of the Liberty Stake are doing remarkably good 
work in the Red Cross activities. Some of the women who feel 
unable to do special Red Cross or surgical dressing work have 
volunteered to take care of other women's children while they 
are attending the classes. It is reported that they made 400 sur- 
gical dressings in one week. 

Ji'oman Suffrage in Germany. 

The German women are clamoring for their civic liberties, 
in spite of the war conditions which have measurably silenced 
the otherwise restless German socialists. The women, however, 
refuse to be silenced and their new activities demand new civic 
liberties. It would be strange indeed if the German women 
brought about the collapse of the German military' machine and 
dethroned the Kaiser. 

The women of France and England are in training for every 
possible labor and position w^hich has been held during the ages 
by men only. The government recognizes the inevitable necessitv 
for supplying the broken ranks of male workers with trained 
women, and with that end in \-.e\y. both of these countries have 
opened schools to educate women in all lines of endeavor, while 
sT-ecial places are pro\-ided for them to bring their children and 
have them cared for while the mothers are at work. What is the 
world coming to? 

Sleeieless Sweaters. 

In answer to a number of calls we give here the Red Cross 
directions for knitting the sleeveless sweater. 



Patriotic department. 



145 



i m ^^ 




2]/! hanks of yarn (5^ lb.) 1 pair Red 
Cross needles, No. 3. 

Cast on 80 stitches. Knit 2, purl 2 
stitches for 4 inches. Knit plain until 
sweater measures 25 inches. Knit 28 stitch- 
es, bind off 24 stitches for neck, loose. 
Knit 28 stitches. Knit 7 ridges on each 
shoulder, cast on 24 stitches. Knit plain 
for 21 inches. Purl 2, knit 2 stitches for 
4 inches. Sew up sides, leaving 9 inches 
for armholes. 2 rows single crochet 
around neck and I row single around the 
armholes. 




146 . KELIJil' SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



Resolutions of the General Board of the Relief Soci<fty. 

Whereas, We have learned that Christmas packages have 
been sent to the Utah soldiers containing- playing-cards and to- 
bacco, and 

Whereas, We the mothers and wives in the Relief Society 
of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have religious 
scruples against the use of stimulants, narcotics and the playing 
of cards. 

Whereas, We have trained our sons to avoid these demoral- 
izing and degenerating practice ; 

Therefore, be it resolved. 

That we do protest against this practice of sending tobacco 
and playing cards to our own soldier sons and brothers. And we 
hereby condemn such unwise expenditure of means in this tim^ 
of war-economy. Emmeline B. Wells, President, 

Clarissa S. Williams, First Counselor, 
JuLiNA L. Smith, Second Counselor. 
Relief Society. 

Mrs. Louie B. Felt, President, 
May Anderson, First Counselor, 
Clara W. Beebe, Second Counselor. 

Primary Association. 

Liberty Loan. 

So effective were the methods of the Utah Liberty Loan 
committees that the other states are falling in line with Utah's 
lead. But what is practicable here because of our splendid Church 
and Relief Society machinery will not be possible it is feared in 
other states where our people are not found. 
Interesting Casualty Estimate. 

Here are some interesting figures, based on data in pos- 
session of the military hospitals commission of Canada. Allow- 
ance should be made for the very heavy toll exacted from Cana- 
dians during the early stages of the war, when there was con- 
siderable blundering and also the hand'cap of fighting against al- 
most overwhelming odds : The boy who goes to the front has 
twenty-nine chances to come home as against one that he will be 
killed. He has ninety-eight chances to recover from a wound as 
against two that he will die because of wounds received in battle. 
There is one chance in 500 that he will lose an arm or leg. It is 
also estimated that only one man dies from disease as against 
■from ten to fifteen in other wars. Only 10 per cent of the Cana- 
dians disabled are rendered physically unfit to resume their former 
occupations.' — San Erancisco Chronicle. 



Current Topics. 

By James H. Anderson. 

Two United States Senators died in January — Senator 
Brady of Idaho and Newlands of Nevada. 

As women's pets in the United States, poodles are giving 
way to knitting needles, to good purpose. 

Mexico is considerably disturbed by native Indian uprisings 
there, occasional raids being made over into the United States. 



Earl Reading, lord chief justice of England and the newly 
appointed ambassador to the United States, is a jew — ^Rufus 
Isaacs. 



The selective draft law has been held to be constitutional, 
the United States Supreme Court passing on the question in 
January. 



Woman suffrage has become a factor in politics in Ger- 
many, with fair promise of being an important topic of public 
discussion. 



German girls are being enlisted to be trained by the govern- 
ment in both professional and household avocations, it was an- 
nounced in January. 



Spain is having something of war on its own account, over 
400 persons having been killed in suppressing the uprising in Cat- 
alonia alone, in January. 



Streetcar fares in and around Salt Lake City have been in- 
creased by the order of the public utilities commission, in some 
cases as much as 66 per cent. 



Alfalfa meal, or ground lucern stalks and leaves, is being 
used in bread in Chicago. Nebuchadnezzar ate grass, but it may 
have been milled differently. 



Moslem women in southeastern Russia are said to have 
abandoned the veils which have hidden female beauty there from 
the public gaze for centuries. 



148 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Five days' embargo on industries in the United States was 
enforced in January, as a means of conserving the coal supply in 
the Eastern and Middle States. 



Finland has been recognized by other nations as one of the 
new governments growing out of dismembered Russia ; but its 
term of independence is insecure. 



Japan has agreed to preserve the peace in east Russia — and 
if necessary take a large slice of territory in furtherance of Jap- 
anese continental-empire ambitions. 



Numerous disastrous fires in the eastern part of the United 
States occurred in January. The government concedes these were 
the work of spies or anti-war agents. 



The constituent assembly recently elected in Russia was 
forcibly dissolved by the Bolsheviki — the electors not having 
voted in the way to suit their new masters. 



Austria is greatly disturbed by strikes and other internal 
troubles, but these are likely to quiet down for a time when the 
spring season permits renewed war activities. 



Premier Lloyd George of Great Britain made specific an- 
nouncement of the Entente allies' war aims, in January, and was 
followed in the same line by President Wilson, a few days later. 

Food-saving in 1918 may be preventive of intense and un- 
satisfied hunger in 1919 — a hint that is not without evident ne- 
cessity. Yet Utah housewives have learned the lessons of econ- 
omy long ago. 



Important among the war developments in January is the 
attitude of the socialistic and laboring forces in Germany and 
Austria, presaging the overthrow of the HohenzoUern and Haps- 
burg dynasties. 



The Italian front was materially improved to the Entente 
allies in January, by a brilliant and successful attack by French 
troops on the Austrians, who were forced to fall back from im- 
portant positions. 



of Rpresentatives on January 10, when the resolution to submit 
Equal suffragists won a victory in the United States House 



CURRENT TOPICS. 149 

a constitutional amendment passed by a vote of 274 to 136 — 
just enough to carry it. 



Pneumonia has been the cause of two-thirds of the deaths 
in the United States army thus far this winter. As it is claimed 
this was preventable, it is the chief reason for the accusation of 
incompetency made against the war department. 



A MILLION BAGS of beet sugar in the west without a market, as 
announced by western producers in a dispatch to Washington the 
last week in January is a significant criticism on the national food 
administrator's assertion of a national shortage of sugar at pres- 
ent. 



Abe Majors, when 18 years of age, was convicted of mur- 
dering Captain Wm. A. Brown, of Ogden. Majors has served 
eighteen years in the State prison, and has been paroled to see if 
he can live a better life than he did before the commission of his 
crime. 



Ex-President Roosevelt went to Washington in the latter 
part of January, to use his influence in "speeding up the war" 
from his point of view. This caused the anti-Roosevelt news- 
papers to give place to much editorial comment angry beyond 
reason. Many wish the Colonel had been there earlier and all 
the time. 



Guatemala, capital of the republic of that name in Central 
America, was destroyed by a series of explosive earthquakes which 
occurred from Dec. 29 to Jan. 3, and about 1000 people were 
killed ; .the city and several adjoining villages were completely 
wrecked. 



The Utah federal food administrator recently made an or- 
der limiting the purchase of flour and sugar to inconveniently 
small quantities, at the same time admitting there was no shortage 
here ; the direct efifect of the order is to increase the cost to the 
consumer. 



John F. Stevens, head of the American railway commission 
to Russia, returned to this country in January; he reports that 
women in Russia are working in the shops and fields, and even 
as brakemen on the railways, and that where there is one woman 
working; there are 500 men loafinsf. 



Samuel Gompers, head of the American Federation of La- 



150 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

bor, advocates a seven-hour clay without reduced wages for the 
labor unions. The proposition does not sit well on the farming 
conimunities who are being urged to conserve time by longer 
working hours than now, to produce food for the others. 



Senator Chamberlain, Democratic chairman of the United 
States Senate military committee, wants a war council board to 
do the work in which he says that Secretary of War Baker has 
failed. Mr. Baker objects, and President Wilson upholds the lat- 
ter official — all resulting in an unpleasant controversy at Wash- 
ington. 



David Lloyd George, the British premier, did not wait to 
consult his nation's allies when the German Christmas peace ofifer 
proposed that Turkey should "remain intact" by keeping Pales- 
tine ; he responded quickly and pointedly, "Palestine never will be 
returned to Turkey ;" and the sentiment of Christianity said 
"Amen." 



In Turkish waters, in January, a British squadron drove 
the noted German raiders Gochcn and Brcslau — which had been 
converted into Turkish cruisers — into a mine field, where they 
were destroyed. In the same month, German submarines sank 
two British steamships in the Mediterranean, causing a loss of 
718 lives. 



Turkey's refusal to adopt the German recommendation for 
a vigorous attempt to retake Jerusalem from the British is sig- 
nificant as indicating that the Turk has concluded to relinquish 
Palestine, and also foreshadow^s that the crest of the present great 
conflict has been reached and hereafter there will be a steady trend 
to the overthrow of the Teutonic allies in this war. 



Great Britain's policy in making campaigns against the 
Turks in Palestine and Mesopotamia as "distant theatres of war," 
instead of concentrating all her forces on the western front, was 
vigorously criticised by several English papers during the last 
week in January. Yet that policy is notably one of the most ben- 
eficial and providential for Britain tliat the war has developed. 




Bv laiiettc A. Hyde. 

We feel that everv loval American citizen wlio wishes to 
serve hs country must a.^opt, as far as practicab e, the food regu- 
lations which the United States Food Adm.mstrator, Mr Her 
hJrf r Hoover is trvin? to introduce in the Amencat^ home. 

The lessor; on cereals deals, at length, with th,s quest.on 
We are a ked to stimulate the desire for the use of whole wheat^ 
-ri'ere is a flour now being milled which contatns the whole 
wheat with its the outside fayer taken off. It is cla.med by the 
millers tot Vs flour is the first whole wheat product to be placed 
millers tnattirs ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ Agricultural 

Sie in the Home Economics Department, under the direct^n 
^professor Jean Cox, and foim.l to contain all of the m.tntive 
V Itls °eceisary in iody and tissue building Th:s wheat will 
Te known as "enti^^e wheat'" and will be -W Reaper to he con- 
sumer than any flour on the market, today. This, m itself, makes 

^'"^hTutats't^te hLs^rneto far in the principle of loyalty to 
HooJerism that thev are publishing a book known as Hoovenzed 
Ss We think 'this is a very commendable undertaking, and 

'-' ^retrtoTrbTl": XTud^Slrnd the food situation, that 
with tod w.e will win the war. Quoting NaPo'e°" ->t ^ I 
"Mv sold-ers fought on their stomachs, we feel that the Ameri 
can SOW ier as alio the soldiers of our Allies, must be we 1 ed, 
in ord r to make ourselves safe from German militarism. Let us 
make the food sacrifice at home rather than ask our boys to make 
too much blood sacrifice on the battlefields. 

As a matter of plain, bold facts, we would all be healthier if 
we ate far es wheat bread. Wheat is rich in blood-making ma- 
eria and when the svstem is overloaded with ,t disease is stire to 
fH ow Some scientists claim that an excessive wheat bread diet 
ndt°ces attaAs of appendxitis, tonsilitis, and rheumatic troubles 
"enerallv. So let us gladly cut down our bread rations. 
° Great stress was placed upon this particular subject at the 
recent housekeepers' conference held at Logan. 



152 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Following are recipes furnished by the Agricultural College 
experts : 

Breakfast Com Cake. (Rich Corn Cake.) 
1 c. cornmeal. 
1>4 c. milk scalded. 

1 c. white flour. 

4 ts. baking powder. 
4 tbsp. melted fat. 

2 tbsp sugar. 

1 ts. salt. 

Scald cornmeal with milk. Let stand S minutes. Add sifted 
dry ingredients, beaten egg and fat. Beat well. Bake in oiled 
tlnn loaf pan or muffin pans. 

If 'hole J V heat Bread. 

2 sieves whole wheat flour. 
1 tbsp. salt. 

1 sieve white flour. 
^4 c. fat or none. 

2 cups mashed potatoes. 

1 pt. milk scalded and cooled with 1 c water. 
4 tbsp. molasses or sugar. 
2-3 c. "live yeast." 

]\Tix .dry ingredients thoroughly. Add melted fat and liquids 
Q'radually and beat well with heavy spoon until it is smooth, and 
of a thick drop batter consistency. Scrape from sides of pan, 
cut down thoroughly, cover and let double in bulk. Knea'd well, 
mould, when double in bulk bake Wj hours. The amount of 
water varies with the kind and age of flour. 

Rye Meal Bread. 

1 sieve rye meal. 

1 sieve whole wheat flour. 

y'j sieve white flour. 

1 tbsp. salt. 

3 tbsp. sugar. 

3 tbsp. butter fat. 

1 qt. scalded milk. 

1 qt. boiled water, cooled. 

ji yeast cake or 5^ pt. live yeast. 

Sift dry ingredients together, add su'^ar, salt, butter fat and 
yeast. Mix into a rather .soft dough with milk and water; a few 
rasins or currants may be added to part of the dough, which 
makes a go'od cake substitute. 



HOME SCIENCE DEPARTMENT. 153 

Graham Biscuits. 

1 1-3 c. graham flour. 
4 tbsp. shortening-. 
2-3 c. white flour. 

2 ts. sugar. 

4 ts. baking powder. 
I^lilk for soft dough. 

Sift dry ingredients, work in shortening with fingers. Add 
milk, toss lightly on flour board. Roll 1-3 in. thick, cut. Bake 
well. Quick breads more easily digested if well baked. 

Scalloped Macaroni (Meatless Day Dish). 
34c. macaroni broken in inch pieces. 
2 quts. boiling water. 

1 tbsp. salt. 

C 2 c. milk. 

2 c. white sauce. \ 2 tbsp. butter or butter substitute. 

[ 4 tbsp. flour, seasoning. 
1-3 lb. grated cheese. 
^ c. buttered bread crumbs. 
2 tbsp. butter. 
Boil macaroni until tender. 

■ Drain (water may be used for mixing bread or put in soup). 
Alternate layers of macaroni and cheese and white sauce. 
Cover with buttered crumbs and bake in moderate oven until 
crumbs are brown. Serve with ketchup. Or this dish can be 
made without milk or white sauce, but with butter, cheese and a 
can of tomatoes (liquor poured off). Some use onions with 
macaroni. 



BUREAU OF EXCHANGE. 

. Mr. Frank Welling of Garland, Utah, has a large quantity 
of Mexican Pinto beans, which he wishes to sell. Anyone de- 
siring to purchase these beans will do well to write Mr. ^yelling. 

Mrs. Cecelia Steed has twenty-five pounds of unpeeled 
peaches for sale. Persons wishing this fruit can secure same by 
writing Mrs. Steed at Farmington, Utah. 

We hope our readers will make use of the Free Bureau of 
Exchange. Mail to the Home Economics Department, lists of 
dried fruits or vegetables wliich you may have to dispose of. The 
daily papers are willing to cooperate with the Magazine in this 
proposition. Having a source through which surplus foods may 
be disposed of will give impetus tO a greater food production this 
coming season. 




By Amy Brozvii Lyman, General Secretary. 

New Stake Organised. 

The Montpelier stake, Idaho, was organized December 23, 
1917. ■ This stake was formed of twelve wards taken from the 
Bear Lake stake. Edward C. Rich was named as President' of 
the stake and following are the Relief. Society presidency and 
officers: President, Agnes Pearce ; first counselor, Elizabeth 
Onayle: second counseloV, Permillia Clark; secretary and treas- 
urer^ Mary J. Swensen ; chorister, Angie Arnold ; aides, Phebe 
Christie and Elizabeth Cook. 



REORGANIZATIONS. 

Eastern States Mission. 

Miss Elizabeth Thomas has been appointed President of the 
Relief Soc'eties of the Eastern States Mission, succeeding Miss 
Margaret Edward. Miss Thomas is manifesting a great interest 
in her work and will no doubt maintain the high standard set by 
Miss Edward. 

North IVeber Stake. 

On account of her removal from Ogden, Mrs. Lucy A. Steers 
was honorably released from her position as President of the 
North Weber' stake. The presiding authorities were very fortu- 
nate in being able to secure, for the position vacated by Mrs. 
Steers, the services of the former Stake President, Mrs. Georgma 
G Marriott Mrs Marriott was appointed to the posit'on on 
Thursday, Januarv 24. 1918. The General Board is delighted 
to welcome 'Mrs. Marriott back into the ranks of stake officers. 

relief Society Veteran Called. 

]\Trs. Alarilla Miller Daniels passed away on January 2^, at 
Provo. Utah. ^1"^. Daniels was the daushter of Aaron Johnson, 
former bishop of Si^rngville. She was born October 12. 1830. 
in Connecticut. Mrs. Daniels went to Nauvoo when a small 
girl where she l:ecame intimatelv acquainted with the Prophet 
■[o'^eph Smith and wife. Emma. Mrs. Daniels was an active 
member of the Relief Society in Nanvoo and has contmued a 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 155 

faithful and devoted member for over seventy years. She was 
formerly a member of the Stake Presidency of the old Utah 
stake, where she was thoroughly appreciated and greatly be- 
loved. Mrs. Daniels was also prominently connected with woman 
suffrage and was a delegate to the twenty-seventh annual con- 
vention. 

German Genealogy. 

The General Board is very pleased to announce the publica- 
tion of a genealogical lesson book written in the German lan- 
guage. The book is entitled Genealogisches Aufgabenbuch mid 
die Deutschen Familicnnamen. It was translated, compiled and 
arranged by Mrs. Gertrude L. Baird, one of our earnest, energetic 
and devoted genealogical students. 

The book is divided into two parts. The first part is, with 
a few exceptions, a translation of "Lessons in Genealogy," 
published by the Genealogical Society of Utah. It in- 
cludes also sample pages of the Family Record (for the 
living), as well as instructions on how to gather and record 
information in the Temple record, and sample pag'es of 
Temple sheets. It also includes a diagram, showing Relation- 
ship (page 20) and a diagrammed pedigree. The book contains 
an explanation of the German books in the library of the Utah 
Genealogical Society and of other printed German books. The 
experiences of our Swiss agents, Julius Billeter, Carl Nemelka, 
and Miss Marie Haselmann, who have done considerable research 
work in Germany, are described. 

The second part of the book tells of the origin and evolution 
of German names and gives a general surname history. It also 
includes a list of German names of old A^irginia settlers, which 
were changed in this country. 

The book was commenced the latter part of March, 1917, 
and completed before August. Informat'on was gathered (out- 
side the translation) mostly- from the German books of the 
Genealogical Library, from research and actual experiences of 
the author, and from the series of lessons given under the direc- 
tion of the Genealogical Society and the General Board of Relief 
Society. 

The money for printing the books was raised by a loan from 
two German sisters and from advanced subscriptions. One 
thousand copies have been printed ; price 50 cents apiece, 55 cents 
postpaid. The books are sold at the Genealogical Societv of 
Utah. 

Cottonzvood Stake. 

The Cottonwood stake Relief Society held their monthly 
officers' and teachers' meet'ng on Tuesday, January 29, 1918. 



156 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

There were 150 in attendance. Among the reports was that of 
Red Cross work. In all of the wards of this stake, the women 
are holding all-day sessions every Tuesday. The forenoon is 
devoted entirely to sewing for the Red Cross and the afternoon 
to the regular meeting, where the lesson work is considered. 

Liberty Stake. 

A very interesting story comes from the Liberty stake, where 
a dear grandmother takes her knitting and goes regularly to the 
home of a young Relief Society woman to tend the babies and 
knit for the soldiers while the young mother goes to the Red 
Cross to make surgical dressings. 

Portneuf Stake. 

Mrs. Dicy W. Henderson, president of the Portneuf stake 
Relief Society, reports that the stake has arranged with the 
University of Idaho to have the University demonstrator, Miss 
Bullock, spend a month in the various wards of the Portneuf 
stake talking on Home Economics and demonstrating war foods. 

Tahitian Mission. 

One of the most interesting yearly reports received by the 
General Secretary is that from the Tahitian Mission, where Venus 
R. Rossiter is in charge of Relief Society work. The average 
attendance in this mission is almost two-thirds of the membership 
and is the best that has been reported so far this year. There 
are several unique items in the letter which are delightfully in- 
teresting. Mrs. Rossiter writes : 

"The work is progressing very nicely in this field. You will 
notice we have organized one more society since last report and 
have a .steadily increasing membership. Also a marked increase 
in all activities. 

"The sisters have been very enthusiastic the past year mak- 
ing quilts and weaving hats and also diving for pearls to increase 
their funds. 

"Each society has bought a chest of medicine for the use of 
their respective branches, the ministration of which is under the 
supervision of the white elder in charge of the branch. 

"The native sisters were delighted to see their picture pub- 
lished in the Magazine, and were also very much pleased with 
your letter which T translated and read to them in our October 
conference." 

Report of the Relief Society of the Tahitian Mission for the 
year ending December 31, 1917: 



MOTES FROM THE FIELD. 15^^ 

Paid for charitable purposes $ 88.75 

Days spent with the sick 177 

Special visits to the sick 417 

Families helped • . . 23 

Bodies prepared for burial 9 

Burial clothing prepared 9 

Number of. visits by stake officers 48 

Assistance to missionaries $ 84.00 

Funds raised for special work 172.00 

Money on hand 158.00 

Membership — 

Officers 17 

Members 92 

Total 109 

Admitted to membership .during the year 24 

Removed or resigned 1 

Died ■■ 4 

Number of meetings held 213 

Average attendance 70 

Number of Relief Society organizations 5 

New Zealand. 

President Emmeline B. Wells has just received a very inter- 
esting letter from Mrs. Annie Atkin in far away New Zealand. 
Mrs. Atkin writes that there are about 2,000 Maori Saints in this 
mission. She states that better tithe payers cannot be found in 
the Church than among this people. The Maori Agricultural 
College is about to open for a new term. Elder Welsh, who is 
particularly competent in teaching agriculture, will be the new 
president. The attendance at this school is usually seventy-five 
students, which is the accommodation limit of the College dor- 
mitory. 

The Relief Society in New Zealand is well organized in 
most of the branches, the women working along much the same 
lines as Relief Society members do at home. 

President Emmeline B. Wells' Birthday. 

In order to express the love and respect of all the members 
of the Relief Society, the General Board will hold a reception in 
honor of the ninetieth anniversary of the birth of President Em- 
melien B. Wells, at the Hotel Utah, Feb. 28, 1918. The general 
authorities of the Church, all Relief Society workers, and Mrs. 
Wells' friends will be the guests of the occasion. 



Food Poisoning. 

By J. E. Greaves, Ph. D. 

Poisoning may result from the use of foods which (1) nat- 
urally contain poisonous products; (2) those which are normally 
non-poisonous but which have been obtained from animals .suf- 
fering with disease; (3) certain mineral poisons added either in- 
tentionally or accidentally to the food; (4) the occurrence of 
bacteria in food; (5) the production of poison in food by bac- 
teria. 

The first group consists of naturally occurring plants and 
animals which are always poisonous or become so during certain 
seasons of the year. But fortunately while there are many such 
plants only a few are ever accidentally partaken of by man. By 
far the most common of these cases is due to the eating of the 
poisonous mushrooms (or "toadstools"). There was, however, 
the unfortunate occurrence in Utah about one year ago in which 
a whole family was poisoned with fatal results from the eating 
of greens which contained a poisonous plant. 

The milk or flesh of animals suffering with certain diseases 
are continually being used as food without adequate cooking, the 
result being that thousands die each year from this cause. There 
is, however, no reason for belief that there is or will be any in- 
crease in the number of such cases due to the present food con- 
ditions of the country. But there is much to indicate that there 
may be an increase from the last three causes enumerated in the 
first paragraph if certain precautions are not taken. It is there- 
fore pertinent that we inquire into (a) the foods and condi- 
tions under which poisoning is most likely to occur, (b) the cause 
of such poisoning', and (c) the methods by which this may be 
reduced to a minimum. 

Meat is so often the cause of poisoning that the terms "meat 
poisoning"' and "food poisoning" have come to be almost used 
synonymously. Of meats, chicken and pork are more likely to 
cause poisoning than are meats from other animals, while the 
internal organs — liver and kidney — ^are more likely to contain 
disease-producing bacteria than are the muscular tissues. Sau- 
sages, hamburger steaks, meat pies, puddings and jellies are espe- 
cially likely to cause food poisoning. This is probably due to the 
products from which they are made, the methods of treating, and 
the fact that the heat used in cooking such foods is not sufficient 
to kill the bacteria in the food. While there are a few cases on 
record where inrlividuals have been poisoned by the eating of 



FOOD POISONING. 159 

freshly well-cooked meats tlie\- are so rare as to be of Uttle im- 
portance ; so the thorough cooking of meat greatly dimmishes 
the likelihood of trouble. 

Various canned goods have been repeatedly accused ot caus- 
ing poisoning, but the cases in which this has occurred when the 
foods have been sterilized by the pressure method are extremely 
rare And where it has caused trouble it is usually due to some 
metallic poison found in the cans and not to poisons developed m 
the food due to bacterial activity. 

Asparagus is often looked upon as one of the canned products 
most likely to cause poisoning. This is due in a large measure 
to the fact that asparagus takes up large quantities of tm, and 
some individuals are especially susceptible to this substance. The 
quantity of tin, and especially copper, which is taken up m most 
cases varies with the amount and kind of acid found in the fruit 
or vegetables. Moreover, when a low or poor grade of copper 
is used, it is more readily attacked by the fruits than are the pure 
compounds. Fortunately, when any considerable quantity of this 
product is taken up by the food it imparts to it a peculiar color 
which in the new glass jars with copper covers often shows a 
sharp contrast in color between the contents of the top and bot- 
tom of the jar, and should serve as a warning against its use. 

Fairly large quantities of copper have to be eaten before 
death results and it is doubtful whether many foods would dis- 
solve sufficiently to result fatally. While a small quantity of one 
of the metallic poisons taken once may cause no ill effects, their 
use should be cautious, for their action is cumulative. Moreover, 
sanitarians insist that chemical substances likely to be irritating 
to the human tissues in assimilation or elimination should not be 
employed in food. Each new irritant, even in small quantities, 
may add to the burden of organs already weakened by age or 
previous harsh treatment. 

The great danger at the present time is from the use of the 
home-canned fruits and vegetables which have been put up by 
the cold-pack method, i. e., where the product has been simply 
cooked at the temperature of boiling water for a certain period. 
For it has 'been demonstrated that the temperature used is not 
sufficient to destroy the spores of organisms which may later de- 
velop in the substance and produce poisons, or, what is more often 
the case, the bacteria are eaten and they cause sickness and death. 
Moreover, toxins may develop in mediums such as green corn, 
artichokes, asparagus, apricots, and peaches to which no traces 
of animal protein has been added. 

We have then two forms of poisoning which may occur from 
the use of food preserved by the cold-pack method — the one due 
to the poison developed by the bacteria, the other to the bacteria. 



160 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Some of these poisons which may be formed by bacteria are re- 
sistant to heat and may cause poisoning after thorough cooking, 
but it must be admitted that the number of such cases which do 
occur are extremely small. 

The remedy then is as follows; When a can presents a con- 
vex appearance (technically called a "blown can"), or on opening 
a can a foul smelling gas escapes, it is a warning to the consumer 
and the contents should be destroyed and not fed to lower animals 
as there are many cases in which chickens and other animals have 
been killed by such products. 

At other times the products have a peculiar rancid odor re- 
sembling spoiled butter which becomes more pronounced on stand- 
ing. Such vegetables should not be tasted, but destroyed. All 
vegetables which have been put up by the cold-pack method 
should be boiled before being eaten or even tasted and no such 
products shookl be served as salads and they have been cooked 
after removing from the container. The following of these sim- 
ple precautions will prevent much food poisoning which would 
otherwise occur. 



EATING AND DRINKING. 

Extract from a discourse by President Brigham Young, April 
6, 1868. See Journal of Discourses, Vol. 12, page 192, associated 
with a talk on the Word of Wisdom. 

"A thorough reformation is needed in regard to our eating 
and .drinking, and on this point I will freely express myself, and 
will be glad if the people will hear, believe and obey. If the 
people were willing to receive the true knowledge from heaven 
in regard to their diet they would cease eating swine's flesh. I 
know this as well as Moses knew it, and without putting it in a 
code of commandments. I tell you that it is the will of the Lord 
to cease eating swine's flesh. 



War Economy in Shoes. 

By Lillian H. Cannon. 

In the last month's article economy in dress as a patriotic duty 
was emphasized. Practicing economy with so high a motive re- 
acts directly on the character of the woman. It also teaches her 
to form the homely habit of economy for economy's sake; that 
nothing should be wasted and that all things should be put to 
their very best use. To practice economy we must buy the things 
that will last the longest, in order to leave as much material as 
possible for those who need it worse than we do. 

In the selection of shoes with the thought of war economy 
three things should be considered : comfort, beauty, and suitabil- 
ity. 

The Relief Society woman is active. She is on her feet a 
great part of the day. It is necessary, then, that a large, com- 
fcrtable shoe be worn if she is to get the greatest amount of wear 
from it. High heels are the style now. but women cannot wear 
them without bad effects. Backache, headache, tired feet and 
legs, and extreme nervousness, are results that come from their 
use. A shoe for comfort should be moderately loose. If the shoe 
pinches anywhere it is apt to be discarded long before it is worn 
out, or it produces corns and bunions. Patent leather is heating 
to the feet in summer and cooling in winter and is not so durable 
as leather. A woman who values comfort as well as her time will 
choose buttoned shoes instead of laced ones, and certainly will 
avoid high-topped shoes. 

Beauty is closely allied to comfort in shoes. A woman hob- 
bling along on painful feet, no matter how costly and stylish the 
cut of her shoes, is anything but a beautiful figure ; but the woman 
who can put her feet down in ease and comfort has a certain 
grace of carriage. 

Black shoes are always the most economical ones to bu>. 
They can be worn on any occasion and with any dress. They are 
kept clean and shining until the last possible expenditure of time 
and effort. Black sets forth the beauty of the small foot and hides 
the dimensions of the large one. Our girls now think they must 
have shoes to match the costume to some extent, .but this fashion 
makes colored shoes, unless worn with suitable colored costumes, 
both poor taste and an extravagance. A person with large ankles 
should never choose a shoe with black bottoms and light colored 
tops. The light tops emphasize the sturdy dimensions. White 
shoes are beautiful with any costume, but are never economical, as 



162 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

they must be cleaned very often. They are not suitable, either 
for a woman over forty-five, unless worn with white dress in sum- 
mer time. Gray shoes are charming- with a gray suit or hat and 
gloves, and tan shoes with tan or brown costumes, if people are 
wealthy, and can afiford these luxuries. 

Times have changed, of course, and what seemed to be un- 
suitable for a woman of fifty, twenty years ago, is adopted by her 
now with as much zest as by the young girl. It is a beautiful 
thing "to keep young." It is more beautiful to keep youth in the 
heart and to grow old gracefully. We can't keep our bodies 
young no matter how hard we try. We have to grow old and we 
succeed only in making ourselves ridiculous when we wear the 
clothes of youth. 

The care of shoes bears almost as close a relation to economy 
as the selection of them. No woman who values the appearance 
of her shoes will wear her best ones about the house, for the Re- 
lief Society woman does her own housework and many other 
things. As soon as she comes into the house she will exchange 
her shoes for those she reserves for the house. No shoes can be 
kept in the best of condition if they are worn to sweep or scrub 
in. It is economy to have more than one pair of best shoes, if 
possible. 

If a woman wishes to look well she will keep her shoes in 
first-class condition, with regard to blacking, repairs, etc. Liquid 
blacking is injurious to leather, causing it to crack. Oiling or 
greasing leather shoes almost dobles their wearing properties. 
Even the soles of the shoes should be greased often. 

Shoes should be repaired before they are badly dilapidated. 
The best repairer that can be obtained is the cheapest one. Some 
cobblers have a manner of deforming the shoes in such a way that 
it is hard to wear them again. Try mending holes and soles with 
worn-out inner auto tires ; anneal the rubber and stick it on. 

We must now retrench and conserve. The time may come 
when we will be glad to have shoes that are even worth mending. 

GLOVES. 

What has been said in the talk on shoes, with regard, to qual- 
ity, holds good in reference to gloves. The best are the cheapest 
in the end. It is more necessary that gloves should match the 
costume than that shoes should do so. Even black gloves do not 
look as well with any other colored suit as they do with black. 
White gloves look Avell with any costume, but are not very eco- 
nomical. White kid gloves kept for special occasions for the 
average woman can be cleaned at home with gasoline. On ac- 
count of its inflammability it must be used out of doors. The 



■ THE SHIP OF SONG. 163 

gloves should be drawn on the hands and washed in a basin of 
gasoline, using a clean white rag in the process. They should 
be hung out of doors for s'x or eight hours that the odor may be 
dispelled. In summer white cotton or silk gloves are economical 
as they may be washed and dried a few minutes before they are 
used. They also wear well. Kid gloves will wear a long time if 
they are kept in repair. Cotton thread should be used to sew 
them. Cotton thread of all colors for mending rips in gloves can 
be obtained from the notion counters for a few cents. The finest 
of needles should be used in order that the kid may not be torn. 

A woman usually appears well dressed and aristocratic if she 
has good shoes and good gloves, kept in good condition. Nothing, 
however, will detract more from the appearance of an otherwise 
well-dressed woman than run-over heels or untidy gloves. 

Most of our readers will class gloves as an unnecessary lux- 
ury, now, yet, when worn they deserve care and attention. 



THE SHIP OF SONG. 
By Hazel S. Washburn. 

Have you heard of the wonderful "Ship of Song," 
O mothers, with manifold worries? 

With her bulwarks of "patience" firm and strong 
And the cargo of "sunshine" she carries? 

Sure never the wind so adverse and strong 
But ,she someway weathered through it, 

And never the task so hard and long- 
But she somehow managed to do it. 

Her pilot is "Home" her captain "Goodcheer," 

And on "blue tides" she'll never tarry, 
And not a passenger with a "grouch" 

Was she ever known to carry, 
But ever a sunny magic spell 

Seems to follow the good ship's wake, 
And never a wave of "worry" or "doubt" 

O'er her prow of "Faith" can break. 

When the way is hard and the waves roll high 

And threaten to overwhelm, 
Then she flings her sails of "Prayer" above, 

And the Master takes the helm. 
Far better a song from a voice that's cracked 

Than the harsh and strident tone, 
For the "Ship of Song" leaves no regrets 

When the sun of life s:oes down. 



EDITORIAL 



Entered as second-clast matter at the Pott Office, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Motto — Charity Never Faileth 

THE GENERAL BOARD 

Mat. Emmeline B. Wells Preiident 

Mas. Claeissa S. Williams First Counselor 

Mes. Julina L. Suith Second Counselor 

Mrs. Amy Beown i^yman General Secretary 

LlBi. Su«a Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mes. Emma A. Emvey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mrs. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Janettc A. Hyde 
Mrs. Tulia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Rebecca Nicbaur Nibley Miss Sarah Eddington 

Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Lillian Cameron 

Mrs. Ida S. Dusenberry Miss Edna May Davis 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 

Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

Editor SosA Young Gates 

Business Manager Janette A. Hyde 

Assistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Vol. V. MARCH, 1918. No. 



KEEP YOUR EYE ON THE MARK. 

When the ancient archers trooped forth to try 
The their skill with taut-drawn bows and feather- 

Charge, tipped arrows, they were charged sternly by 

the Captain of their host — "Keep your eyes 
on the mark !" They were to look neither to the right nor to 
the left, to allow no soft allurements, no confused motives, no 
internal or external irritation to interfere with the steadiness 
of gaze and the fixity of allignment. Keep your eye on the 
mark, was their watchword. 

In the olden days of this people's history, 
In Piocneer the pulpits rang with stern advice to the 

Times. Saints in Kirtland, in Nauvoo, in Winter 

Quarters, across the trackless plains, and in 
the dreary forbidding vales of Utah : Saints, keep your eye 
on the mark ! Let no worldly voices, no contention about you, 
no selfish striving within, blind your eyes or dull your souls. 
Keep your eye on the mark! 

So now in the midst of wild and confusing 
And issues, worldly plaudits and fierce personal 

Today? desires and ambitions, we mothers and wives 

in Israel must constantly cry out aloud, 



EDITORIAL. 165 

"Keep your eyes on the mark!" There is only one mark for 
us — the mark of perfection in Christ Jesus, according to His 
own revealed plan. Love, meekness, unselfishness, and above 
and beyond every other striving, obedience to the priesthood 
in whatever rank of life we live and struggle! This is our 
mark. What are the motives of those who cry in the market 
places, lo here, and lo there. Here, follow my plan and war 
will cease. Help in this, join in that, and thus win the war. 
There is a voice, a still, small voice that sounds not in the 
thunders of war nor in the pelting rain of pitiless personal 
ambition; in the stillness of the night whispers that Voice — 
"Come, follow me !" Help me to save souls — on missions — in 
tj.'e sacred temple courts — at the altar of birth — in the ranks of 
consecrated war where panoplied with pure lives and holy 
motives — building Zion and strengthening her stakes — "Come, 
follow me, ye pure in heart, for ye shall see God!" Are we 
keeping our eyes on this mark? 



KEEP ON KEEPING ON. 

I was weary of bearing my heavy load, 
I was worn with my burthen of care. 

So long had I trudged on life's dreary road, 
I abandoned myself to despair. 

I was faint and weak and weary, 
My courage and strength seemed gone, 
When a precious message came to me. 
That said, "Just keep on keeping on." 

In an instant my cares all vanished, 

I was filled with faith and joy, 
I decided to "keep on keeping on," 

Regardless of ills that annoy. 

Though Hfe's skies, at times, seem dreary, 

I drive care away with my song. 
Go "cast on the Lord thy burdens," 

And "keep on, keep on keeping on." 

Annie G. Lauritzen. 



Guide Lessons. 

• LESSON I. 

Theology and Testimony. 

First Week in April. 
PROPHECY AND THE BOOK OF MORMON 

The present crisis has turned the Hme light on much ancient 
prophecy. However significant predictions from the Bible or 
the Doctrine and Covenants may be at this time, it is safe to say 
no word of prophecy has in it more of hope and comfort from 
the standpoint of our national life, than the prophecy found in 
n Nephi 10:10-14: 

"But behold, this land, saith God, shall be a land of thine 
inheritance, and the Gentiles shall be blessed upon this land. 

"And this land shall be a land of liberty unto the Gentiles, 
and there .shall be no kings upon the land, who shall raise up unto 
the Gentiles. 

"And he that fighteth against Zion shall perish, saith God. 

"For he that raiseth up a king against me shall perish, for 
I. the Lord, the K'ng of heaven, will be their King, and I will 
be a light unto them forever, that hear my words." 

Germany's attempt at world-wide domination is not the first 
attempt threatening the Republican forms of government of the 
New World. 

During the 60's. Maximilian, the Austrian archduke, brother 
of the late Francis Joseph, of Austria, inspired and supported by 
Napoleon HI of France, accepted an imperial crown and set up a 
government in the City of Mexico. 

Mexico had become involved with Great Britain, France and 
Spain in relation to the treatment of their subjects and the pay- 
ment of certain claims. In order to get proper redress these 
nations landed a military and naval force in Vera Cruz. 

Secretary Seward warned them on behalf of the United 
States against any attempt to acquire territory, which warning 
France saw fit to treat with contempt ; thereby causing the with- 
drawal of Great Britain and Spain. 

France dared to strive for the acquisition of territory be- 
cause the United States was then in the throes of her civil war. 
Flowever, the termination of the war. making it possible for the 
United States to stand back of any demand she might make. Sec- 
retary Seward sent the following dispatch to John Biglow, Amer- 



GUIDE LESSONS. 167 

ican minister to France. The date of the dispatch is Decem- 
ber 16, 1865 : 

"It has been the President's purpose that France should be 
respectfully informed upon two points, namely: 

"First— That the United States earnestly desire to continue 
to cultivate sincere friendship with France. 

"Second — That this policy would be brought into imminent 
jeopardy unless France could deem it consistent with her interest 
and honor to desist from the prosecution of armed intervention 
in Mexico to overthrow the domestic Republican form of gov- 
ernment existing- there, and to establish upon its ruins the foreign 
monarchy which has been attempted to be inaugurated in the 
capital of the country." 

Maximilian had landed at Vera Cruz on the 28th of May, 
1864. From the very outset he found himeslf involved in diffi- 
culties of the most serious kind, which, in 1866, made apparent 
to almost every one outside of Mexico that he should abdicate. 
The United States had made its demands sufficiently plain to the 
Emperor of the French that he had withdrawn his army, thereby 
leaving Maximilian in the most precarious position possible. 

Nevertheless, moving the seat of government from the City 
of Mexico to Queretaio, he resisted the Mexican forces for sev- 
eral weeks. On the 15th of May, 1867, he attempted an escape 
through the enemy's line. He was arrested before he could 
carry out his resolution, and after trial by courr martial was 
condemned to death. The sentence was carried into effect Tune 
19, 1867. 

His beautiful queen, Charlotte, daughter of the Belgian 
King, Leopold I, had wandered from court to court trying to 
get aid for her husband. At last she broke down under the 
strain, becoming insane. 

Many forces seem to have been at work to fulfil God's 
glorious promise to the Gentiles of this land. 

The Monroe Doctrine of which we have heard so much in 
recent years has played its part. 

No one can estimate bow strong the British navy has been 
to this end. It is quite certain that before the outbreak of the 
present war. Germany sought the co-operation of Great Britain, 
that they might jointly enter Mexico. 

For Germany to attempt such a thing alone, would have been 
absurd, with the British navy to reckon v/ith. To attempt such 
a thing in co-operation with any other European nat'on or nations 
would have been equally useless with the British anvy in their 
path. 

How sure are the prophecies of God, how complete their 
fulfilment ! The prophecies in the Book of Mormon concerning 



168 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

the coming of the Savior Himself are clear as a stream of living 
water. Indeed the whole Book of Mormon is like the people it 
represents — without guile, simple, direct and vividly personal. 
Reference to the Savior's mother is given, city of her residence, 
the name of Jesus, the new star which should appear, His bap- 
tism at the hands of John and His complete life and mission. 
These are all prophesied of in the most simple and clearest- 
manner. 

When the great oriental scholar and lecturer, Mme. Mount- 
ford, was reading the Book of Mormon, she immediately called 
attention to the dream of Nephi, "And I beheld the city of Naz- 
areth ; and -'n the city "of Nazareth I beheld a virgin, and she was 
exceedingly fair and white. * * * And he said unto me. 
Behold the virgin whom thou seest. is the mother of the Son of 
God, after the manner of the flesh" (I Nephi 11 :13, 19). 

"No one but a profound eastern scholar or an inspired man 
would have said that, for oriental women always dress according 
to their social condition. A virgin wears one style of clothing, a 
married woman another style, and a widow still another. An 
imposter would not have dared to make such a statement, so your 
Prophet Joseph Smith must have been a scholar or an inspired 
man," she added. 

Still another marvelous prophecy given in that precious book 
is the prophecy concerning the choice of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith, the coming forth of the Book of Mormon and the work 
which the Prophet would do in behalf of the seed of Nephi and 
Lehi. We learn through this that the Prophet Joseph Smith is 
a direct descendant of Joseph who was sold, into Egypt, through 
his father Joseph Smith, Sr., and therefore, he is of the royal 
blood of Ephraim and Joseph. How precious is that blood, and 
yet it was spilled in Carthage jail. The prophecy follows: 

"For Joseph truly testified, saying: A seer shall the Lord 
my God raise up, who shall be a choice seer unto the fruit of 
my loins. 

"And his name shall he called after me; and it shall be after 
the name of his father. And he shall be like vmto me; for the 
thing which the Lord shall bring forth by his hand, by the power 
of the Lord shall bring my people unto salvation ; 

"Yea, thus prophesied Joseph, I am sure of this thing, even 
as I am sure of the promise of Moses ; for the Lord hath said 
unto me, I will preserve thy seed for ever" (II Nephi 3 r5-16). 

(Note: When class leaders or organizations feel the need 
of and can afford to buy supplementary books to these Book of 
Mormon studies, there are several splendid books which have our 
hearty commendation. Mrs. Elizabeth Cannon Porter's charming 
stories from Cities of the Sun deals with Book of Mormon time;, 



GUIDE LESSONS. 169 

and characters. While Lew Wallace's Fair God is full of his- 
torical suggestions taken bodily from Prescott's Conquest of 
Peru, regarding Indian customs and their traditions of a fair 
God.) 

QUESTIONS. 

1. Why is the prophecy contained in II Nephi 10:10-14, 
especially encouraging from the standpoint of our national life? 

2. In what way was the Republican government of Mexico 
threatened ? 

3. Who was then Emperor of France ; and what relation 
was he to Napoleon the great? 

4. What persons were once styled Emperor and Empress of 
Mexico? What misfortune overtook these persons? 

5. In what way did this fulfil the Book of Mormon proph- 
ecy quoted in this lesson ? 

6. Who was Secretary Seward? What President was then 
at the White House? 

7. Give the gist of the dispatch that Secretary Seward sent 
to John Biglow, American minister to France. 

8. What is the Monroe Doctrine? 

9. How has the British navy protected America from na- 
tions with imperialistic designs? 

10. Show how the Monroe Doctrine, Secretary Seward's dis- 
patch to John Biglow, and the British navy have all worked to- 
gether to fulfil an important prophecy of the Book of Mormon. 

11. What prophecies can you quote concerning the advent of 
the Savior in Jerusalem and on this continent? 

12. What can you tell concerning the vision of Nephi? 

13. What is a seer? 

14. What was the title of the Prophet Joseph Smith? 

15. How did he fulfil his office and calling? 

LESSON II. 

Work and Business. 

Second Week in April. 
LESSON III. 

Genealogy. 

Third Week in Aprif.. 
HISTORY BEGINNINGS IN EUROPE. 

We have considered in oiu- three first less-ons of this year the 
{•robable origin of the Teutonic or Germanic races, and their de- 



170 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

scent from Noah's son Japheth. Most modern historians agree 
with this idea, others think Shem was their ancestor. But we 
know, from modern revelations that the blood of Israel is certain- 
ly scattered through the various races and tribes which inhabited 
central and northern Europe. Let us now consider the condition 
of Europe at the time of the Christian Era. The great nations 
of Assyria, Babylonia, Egypt, Media, and Persia had risen each 
chiefly on the ruins of the preceding nation, conquered, filled "the 
earth," and declined, most of them, into decay and forgetfulness 
by the time of the Christian Era, or a few years preceding it. 

Rome. Just before the Christian Era, Rome became the rul- 
ing power of w^estern and southern Europe. The Romans them- 
selves (Gentile or Japhetic people) had conquered the Grecians; 
both of these, Greeks and Romans, descended from Ion or Javan, 
son of Japheth. The peoples of Spain, Media, Italy, Greece, — 
these were all Japhetic tribes. (Smith's History, pages 59-60.) 
Rome was invaded b}- the barbarian Teutonic tribes in the fifth 
century, but remained essentially Roman, as the superior Gentile 
civilization dominated the Teutonic influences, more particularly 
in Italy, Spain and Greece. 

Christian Era. There is practically no European history ex- 
cept Roman history until the Christian Era. Roughly speaking 
the Romans ruled the civilized world at the opening of that period. 
The various Teutonic barbarians, called by various names as they 
separated and inhabited various parts of northern and central Eu- 
rope, inhabited central Europe from the Rhine river to the Vis- 
tula and were heard of first about 500 B. C, about one century 
after the Ten Tribes had traveled from Media into the "North 
Country," while the Celts lived in Great Britain and the western 
coasts of Europe. (See map.) 

All of these Teutonic peoples quickly scattered and again were 
intermingled by marriage and business association. C?esar invaded 
central Europe in 113 B. C. and was defeated. Wars followed 
between the Teutons and Romans for a century. Finally, in 55 
A. D. Cssar passed the Rhine, routed the Germans and went on 
his victorious way to Great Britain. This event gradually 
changed the whole continent, and eventually supplanted barbarian 
laws and customs through trade and victorious social customs. 
The Roman generals made extensive use of German soldiers, 
v/hich also tended to spread Roman customs and intelligence. It 
will be interesting to trace the European tribes briefly. 



GUIDE LESSOXS. 171 



THE XORTHERN EUROPE-\N RACES. 

The Celts. Celts overran the central and western part of 
Europe in the dawn of European history (i. e. the first century of 
our era) and settled in Gaul, now France. Switzerland and Great 
Britain. They were a mixed people as evidenced by their differ- 
ing complexions and characteristics. One branch were dark with 
broad faces, broad, heavy noses, hazel-gray eyes and light chest- 
nut hair. These were thick set and of medium height, with round, 
ballet-shaped heads. The other branch were distinguished by 
long faces, long heads, narrow aquiline noses, brown eyes and 
very light hair : these were tall and muscular, in fact, their char- 
acteristics resemble very much the Teutons and Scandinavians. 

Britons. Picts mid Scots. In Great Britain the Celts were sub- 
divided into Britons, who settled in ^^'ales. and the Picts and Scots 
who first settled in Ireland and then went over into Scotland. The 
Celts found an inferior savage race inhabiting Great Britain when 
they first took possession. The characteristics of the fair-haired 
Celts resembled greatly the Teutonic peoples in that they were 
fearless, reckless in battle, rude in speech and manner, but with a 
high sense of honor and a marked respect for women and chil- 
dren. They were pagans and worshiped with human sacrifices; 
trees were their temples, and they believed in and worshiped both 
male and female deities. The Gauls were a branch of the Celtic 
race, while an invasion by them of northern Italy five hundred 
years B. C. left them in Italy to harrass and distress the powerful 
Romans for centuries. 

Of a separation of the Celts from the other Aryans or Indo- 
Europeans. and their early migrations to western Europe, no 
record has come down, the stories of ]\Iilesian colonies in Ireland, 
and migrations from Troy into Wales, being simply monkish 
fiction. 

The Huns who later overran parts of western Europe were 
of Asiatic. Tartar, or perhaps ^longolian stock, akin to the Scyth- 
ians and Turks. These fierce marauders overran Europe in early 
centuries. They were almost black of skin wath broad shoulders, 
flat noses and small black eyes buried in their heads ; almost des- 
titute of beards they had a ferocious expression and were devoid 
of all graces. These were the enemies of the Goths and Visi- 
Goths. 

THE TEUTONS. 

The Teutonic race which crowded out and finally obliterated 
or absorbed the Celts everywhere may be subdivided into the 



172 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Scandinavians, Qstro-Goths and Visi-Goths who were sometimes 
Ccdled Germans or Saxons, the Angles, and the Franks. In short, 
all the dwellers of northern Europe except part of the Russians, 
the Poles and Turks are included in the Teutonic races. Before 
the Christian Era these tribes were at fierce war witli each other 
in all the countries of northern Europe. The Norsemen, dwelling 
in the Scandinavian peninsula, were sea pirates and preyed upon 
the more peaceful agricultural inhabitants in the Germanic and 
English seaport towns and villages. The Ostro-Goths and Visi- 
Goths ravaged all of northern Europe, finally entering Italy and 
Spain conquering as they went. 

The Goths. \''isi-Goths were western Goths, Ostro Goths 
were eastern Goths, and all belonged to the Teutonic raco. Sonv:. 
writers ascribe them to the Scandinavian and some to i]vt Ger- 
manic branches of the Teutons. They inhabited central Europe 
during the first century of the Christian Era and fought gloriously 
and indiscriminately with each other, the Romans, and with their 
5worn enemies, the cruel Huns. They were all Pagans, but be- 
came converted to Christianity in the fourth century after Christ. 

Scaiidi)iaz'ian Subdirisions. The Scandinavians who settled 
in the northern peninsula by force of battle are called Danes, 
Swedes, and Norwegians. The diflference in the character in 
these three peoples is very marked to one familiar with the races, 
but certain common characteristics unite them all. To these Scan- 
dinavian races must be added the inhabitants of Iceland and Fin- 
land. 

Geologists place the beginning of life upon the Scandinavian 
peninsula back in the early stone age when, it is said, they were 
cave men and savages, but so indeed were all the early European 
inhabitants. Coming up through the bronze age and then the 
iron age. historians are not quite sure but what another race of 
people came in to form the A'^iking age. The Teutonic race is 
placed in its beginnings at 5,000 B. C, but that is only guess work 
as to dates. Certain it is that by the Christian Era the Scandi- 
navian race as such, had conquered and inhabited the greater .por- 
tion of Norway, Sweden, Denmark. Finland and Russia. 

German Suhdhnsion. The Germans or Saxons who occupied 
in the early Christian Era all that country north of the Rhine and 
Danube are a branch of the Teutonic race. 

The Germanic peoples' history really begins with Caesar's in- 
vasion of Gaul, 59 B. C, which is exactly the same time that Brit- 
ish and Teutonic or Germanic history rises out of the mists of an- 
tiquity. We find no reason in these historical facts to doubt the idea 



GUIDE LESSONS. 173 

given in our first lesson that the Teutons were in part descended 
from the Ten Tribes of Israel. In ancient times the River Rhine 
divided the Gauls and Germans. (Germanii originally denoted 
certain Celtic tribes which had conquered the earlier savage 
races.) By the year 286 A. D., the Goths and Franks had found- 
ed kingdoms within the Roman Empire. In the sixth century the 
Franks, Frisians, Saxons and Bavarians were still struggling with 
each other and with the surrounding tribes. 

Charlemagne' s Reign. By 486 A. D., however, the Franks 
under their great leader Clovis succeeded in defeating the Roman 
general and in establishing France as a separate and distinct 
monarchy; and from that time their history is separated from the 
German nation. 

Angles and Saxons. The Teutonic tribes of the lower Elbe 
and Wesser on the continent — that is, the Angles and Saxons as 
well as the Jutes themselves dwelt in fierce tribal conflict with 
each other before joining in various attacks upon the British 
Isles. The Saxons were a fierce, uncivilized race of pagan be- 
lief, and like their associates, maintained the virtues of honor, 
chastity and truthfulness as a part of their common heritage. 

The Jutes or Danes. The Jutes came from the central por- 
tion of Denmark and like the other Scandinavian tribes they 
were a fierce piratical race, but like all other Teutons they had 
great personal worth — their free, independent spirit, their un- 
bounded capacity for growth, for culture and for accomplishment 
made of them an adaptable people. 

Northmen, Norsemen, Scandinavians are different names ap- 
plied in a general way to the early inhabitants of Denmark, Nor- 
v/ay and Sweden. For the reason that those making settlement 
in England came for the most part from Denmark, the term 
Danes is often used with the same wide application by the Eng- 
lish writers. Those people formed the northern branch of the 
Teutonic family. 

"For the first eight centuries of our era the Norsemen are 
practically hidden from our view in their remote northern home; 
but towards the end of the eighth century their black piratical 
crafts are to be seen creeping along the coasts of Britain, Ireland, 
and Gaul, and even venturing far up the inlet and creeks. Soon 
all the shores of the countries visited were dotted with their sta- 
tions and settlements. With a foothold once secured, fresh bands 
came, and the stations in time grew into permanent colonies. 
These marauding expeditions and colonizing enterprises did not 
cease till late in the eleventh pentury. 



174 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"The most noteworthy characteristics of these Northmen is 
the readiness with which they laid aside their own manners, hab- 
its, ideas, and institutions, and adopted those of the country in 
which they estal)hshe.d themselves. 'In Russia they become 
Russians; in hVance, Frcchman ; in Italy, Italians; in England, 
Englishmen.' 

"The conquerors of Britain belonged to three Teutonic 
tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes ; but among the Celts they 
all passed under the name of Saxons, and among themselves, 
after they began to draw together into a single nation, under that 
of Angles, whence the name England (Angle-land)." 

The Normans. The Normans who later came into Europe 
were transformed Scandinavians who had settled in northern 
Gaul, as France was called at that time. 

The history of the Normans is simply a continuation of the 
story of the Northmen. The Northmen began to make piratical 
descents upon the coast of Gaul before the end of the reign of 
Charlemagne. The great king had been dead only thirty years 
when these sea rovers ascended the Seine and sacked Paris (845 
A. D.). Charles the Simple granted to Rollo, the leader of the 
Northmen who had settled at Rouen, a large section of country 
in the north of Gaul, upon condition of homage and conversion. 
In a short time the newcomers had adopted the language, the 
manners, and the religion of the French, and had caught much 
of their vivacity and impressiveness, without, however, any loss 
of their own native virtues. The transformation in them we may 
conceive as being recorded in their transformed name — North- 
men becoming softened into Norman. 

The establishment of a Scandinavian settlement in Gaul 
proved a momentous matter, not only for the history of the 
French people, but for the history of European civilization as 
v/ell. This Norse factor was destined to be one of the most 
important of all those various racial elements which on the soil 
of the old Gaul blended to create the richly dowered French 
nation. For many of the most romantic passages of her history 
France is indebted to the adventurous spirit of the descendants 
of these wild rovers of the sea. The knights of Normandy lent 
an added splendor to French knighthood, and helped greatly to 
make France the heart of chivalry and the center of the crusad- 
ing movement of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Nor was 
the influence of the incoming of the Scandinavian race felt upon 
French history alone. Normandy became the point of departure 
of enterprizes that had deep and lasting consequences for Eu- 
rope at large. These undertakings had for their arena England 
and the Mediterranean lands. 



GUIDE LESSOXS. 175 



TURKS AND ARABS. 

The Turks who became a European nation in the seventh 
century are not of the same tribe as the Arabs who occupied 
Arabia in Asia. The Turks ar'e probably of Tartar origin, so con- 
ceded by modern writers, while the Tartars are of Mongolian ori- 
gin. 

The Arabs, when of pure descent, are descended from 
Abraham through Ishmael and occupied the Arabian penin- 
sula from the earliest known time. The line runs back in this way : 
Nahor ; Terah ; Abram (by Hagar) ; Ishmael; Nebajoth (and 
his sister Bashemath, who married Esau) ; Kedar, Abdeel; Mib- 
sam ; Mishma ; Dumah ; Massah, Hadar ; Tema ; Jetur ; Naphish ; 
Kedemah ; the 12 princes of the Ishmaelite and other Arabs 
who dwelt east of the Israelites and Edomites (Gen. 25:13). 

There are two races of Arabs. One, the nomads or 
Bedouins, who are wanderers and often marauders. These 
are descended from both Ishmael and Esau, and are called 
Edomites and Amalekites. The fiercer tribes of Moabites and 
Ammonites found in Arabia were descended from Lot by his 
two daughters. The city dwelling Arabs, the southern Arabs, 
are descended from Shem through Joktan. 

JEWS. 

The Jews all through the centuries quietly entered into every 
nation, never assimilating very greatly, never losing racial char- 
acterisitcs and always more or less isolated, and often persecuted, 
but they persisted. Unable to remain in their own land they 
drifted out into every country of Europe while they partook 
largely of the characteristics of the nation and people amongst 
whom they settled ; so that we have German Jews, Russian Jews, 
Italian Jews, and English Jews — all of them are Jews. No 
matter how individuals might disobey the cardinal racial prin- 
ciples concerning intermarriage with aliens, the Jewish race al- 
ways remained dominant in characteristic and noticable in fea- 
ture. Yet, of course, environment did something for this chosen 
and singular people. The Jews in England as elsewhere re- 
tained their own racial and religious habits which included their 
nomenclature, unless compelled by law of the nation wherein they 
dwelt to do otherwise. 

Thus we have at the beginning of the Christian Era in 
Europe, the Slavs and the Scandinavians in Russia; the Franks 
or Gauls in France ; the Germanii around the Rhine ; the Huns 
and Tartars in the Asiatic borders ; and the Celtic races, divided 



176 RELIIir SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

up into Britons, Scots and Picts in England, as well as various 
tribes of them scattered in Northern and Eastern Europe down 
to Northern Italy ; while the Romans and Latins ruled in Italy, 
Greece and Spain. All Europe beyond the Pyrenees was pagan 
in religion, inhabited by fierce and warring tribes of the Teu- 
tonic races, yet ready for the gradual introduction of Christianity 
through varying circumstances and events which gradually pre- 
pared the way. 

QUESTIONS. 

What can you say of Rome and the Christian Era? 

Who were the Celts? * 

Where did the Britons and Scots settle? 

What about the Teutons and Germanii? 

Who are the Scandinavians? 

What about the Normans? 

What is the difference between the Turks and the Arabs? 

Where did the Jews settle ? 

Note. The class should have a good map of Europe. 



LESSON IV. 

Home Economics. 

Fourth Week in April. 

CEREALS. 

Cereals and the various products made from grains, are one 
of the most important foods for man. In the United States the 
value of flour and grist mill products is estimated to be $883,- 
000,000, white bread and other bakery products not including 
home made bread is estimated at $396,000,000 per year. The value 
of cereal breakfast foods alone goes into the millions. In the 
patent office at Washington there are registered upwards of 500 
different kinds of breakfast foods. With such endless variety 
one need not tire of any one kind even if cereal is used every day 
of the year, although no housewife would care to clutter her 
shelves with too great a variety which might become infested 
v/ith parasites. 

Cereals have been defined as grasses, the grains of which are 



GUIDE LESSONS: 177 

used for food. A grain is a kernel containing a relatively small 
germ, rich in protein and fat, and a relatively large endosperm 
containing much starch, little fat, some cellulose, and a moderate 
amount of protein. A fibrouos covering commonly called bran, 
protects the inside of the kernel. The bran consists of several 
layers, the inner layer is rich in protein, phosphorous, calcium, 
and iron compounds of much value in nutrition. In addition to 
these there is also found the growth producing or vitamine content 
v.^hich is so valuable in children's food. Therefore a highly milled 
product from which has been removed anything but the outer 
la3^er of bran is a direct food loss to man. One objection com- 
monly raised against milled whole grain products is that fat in 
the germ decreases the keeping qualities. This, however, is not 
an insurmountable difficulty. 

In view of the above facts, houseeepers should gladly co- 
operate with Mr. Hoover and support the millers who must pro- 
duce the maximum amount of flour or other mill products out 
of every bushel of grain. 

Look upon the preparation of new foods which is really a 
return to pioneer methods and cookery, as a delightful experience 
which you mentally taste when you hear or read about them and 
then later get the maximum pleasure from eating the new-old 
dish. 

Application of Heat to Cereals. 

All housekeepers should realize that the application of either 
dry or moist heat to starch, if prolonged for any length of time, 
carries on a process of digestion. This should be sufficient argu- 
ment for well cooked cereals and breads. It should be cons'dered 
bad planning which necessitates the serving of cereals which 
haven't been cooked from two to six hours and bread that has 
not been baked for one and a half hours in individual loaf pans 
and for a longer period where the loaves are massed in one 
dripping pan. Poorly cooked starchy foods have been the direct 
cause of many cases of chronic indigestion, or have produced 
m.any cases of dyspepsia and resultant "family jars." 

The reasons for cooking cereals are : 

1. Softens the cellulose. 

2. Bursts the starch grain. 

3. Increases palatability. 

4. Carries on a process of digestion if prolonged. 

The average composition of the cereals and cereal products 
in most common use are shown in the following table from the 
Unitcfl States Department of Agriculture, Bulletin No. 28 : 



178 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



Food 


C C 

E ^ 




Carbo- 
hydrates 
per cent 


Fuel Vahic 
per lb. in 
Calories 


1 

100 Calor- 
ies, portion 
in oz. 


Bread (Graham) 


8.9 


1.8 


52.1 


1189 


1.4 


" (White homemade) 


9.1 


1.6 


53.3 


1199 


1.4 


(Whole wheat) 


9.7 


.9 


49.7 


1133 


1.38 


Corn Meal 


9.2 


1.9 


75.4 


1620 




Crackers, soda 


9.8 


9.1 


73.1 


1879 


.9 


Flour, Rye 


6.8 


.9 


78.7 


1590 




" Wheat med. 


11.4 


1 


75.1 


1610 




Hominy 


8.3 


.6 


79 


1609 




Macaroni 


13.4 


.9 


74.1 


1625 




Oatmeal 


16.1 


7.2 


67.5 


1811 


.91 


Rice 


8 


.3 


79 


1591 




Shredded wheat 


10.5 


1.4 


77.9 


1660 




Wheat, cracked 


11.1 


1.7 


75.5 


1635 




Zweibach 


9.8 


9.9 


73.5 


1915 


.94 



THE COOKING OF CEREALS (TABULAR SUMMARY. 



Cereal 


o 

< 


water, milk, 
or water and 
milk, in cups 


.s 


S 


T l- 

^ O 


1 C. rolled oats 




3 


1 


1-3 hrs. 


Cream, sugar 
apple sauce 


1 C. coarse oatmeal 




4 


1 


3 hrs. or 
more 


Baked apples 
Dates 


1 C. corn meal 




4-6 


W2 


2-5 hrs. 


Bananas 
Jams 


1 C. granular cereal 




4-6 


W2 


^-hrs. 


Honey 
Syrup 


1 C. rice 




8 


2 


30-90 min. 





For flavor and ap])earance. add cereals slowly to boiling, 
salted liquid. Boil until it thickens, Finish cooking in .double 
boiler, or set pan on asl>estos mat or on iron ring on back of 
stove to prevent burning. 



GUIDE LESSONS. 179 

CONSERVATION OF CHILD LIFE 

Throughout the earlier phases of civiHzation human life was 
held in small account. There was little or no fear of death, and 
the sacrifice of life was readily made or demanded for reasons 
which appear to modern minds trivial, cruel, and purposeksi.. 
And if the worth of adult life was thus lightly esteemed, child 
life was still less regarded. Among the Greeks and Romans full 
power was vested in the father to decree the immediate death of 
his children at birth if no addition was desired to the family ; or. 
if a tender infant were likely to cause inconvenience to the house- 
hold : or, if it were a girl, and, for this reason, held to be merely a 
useless source of expense and trouble. Then the ancients 
learned the vicious lessons of "birth-control" which godless 
people are even now trying to spread abroad in every nation. 

That the rate of mortality among young children throughout 
the ages has been very high, is confirmed by all the records of the 
past, as these become increasingly available: widespread ignor- 
ance of their needs, gross mismanagement, painful severity of 
d-scipline, premature and exacting work, careless, even intentional, 
exposure to the "common" infectious illnesses, so specially fatal 
in the first ten years of life, are causes responsible for much suf- 
fering and many premature deaths. 

Yet, is the civilization of today very materially ahead of those 
responsible for these conditions in the past? Take this country, 
for instance. Attention has been already called to the annual 
loss of 600,000 potential citizens before or very shortly after their 
birth; a second fact, little if any more creditable to existing con- 
ditions is this : of fifteen million children in the public schools of 
the United States, ten million are in immediate need of medical 
or surgical assistance: and. even were this skill placed at their 
service without delay, these children can never possess the full 
vitalitv or capacity for resistance to adverse conditions or disease 
\\-hich' would have been the case had their strength never been 
taxed by the ailments nine tenths of which are wholly preventable. 
What is essential to healthful childhood? In the first place, 
healthy parents; hence the stress la'd today upon the right of 
children to be well born. What is done to train our young men 
and girls to consider their far reaching responsibility when they 
assume the dignity of parenthood? What is taught them at the 
time when the" mutual attractions of man and maid are strongest 
as to the deadly results of the racial poisons (alcohol, or venereal 
d-seases)? What applications are made of sufficient force 
to counteract rising emotions on the subject of transmitted ten- 
dencies to nervous instability or tuberculosis ? Yet these consid- 
erations are fundamental to healthful offspring. 



180 RELIlir SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

In a recent report .published by the Russell Sage Foundation 
the statement is made that 37.5 per cent of all the preventable 
deaths in this country at all ages are due to .some form of tuber- 
culosis, but that another 34 per cent are deaths of infants due to 
the equally preventable causes of .diarrhoea and bronchopneumo- 
m'a. If the first figures are startling, the second are appalling; 
for the conditions under which babies live under two years of age 
are actually more controllable than at any other age period. Ig- 
norance, inertia, carelessness, supreme selfishness are primary 
causes for this grievous wastage, one and all inexcusable in the 
20th century. A common cold may produce very severe symptoms 
in a baby, even death, and so undeveloped is the power of resist- 
ance to everyday forms of bacteria that a high rate of infant mor- 
tality is usual where bad housing, overcrowding, and poor san- 
itation aggravate ignorance. Yet, in 1916-17, the infant death- 
rate for England and Wales was only 92 per thousand births, at 
a time when doctors and nurses were very hard to get and millions 
of mothers had to "do their bit" in factory, dockyard, and field ; 
in the same year the corresponding rate in Baltim.ore was 214 
per thousand. The chief reason lay in the careful instruction 
given over several years in the 700 Schools for Mothers scatterea 
over Great Britain and in the skilled supervision of trained vis- 
itors (not trained nurses). Perhaps also, the war necessity for 
the simplest and j^lainest food helped some. 

The Russell Sage Foundation Report ("Relative Values in 
Pulilic Health Work") already quoted, further states that 30.5 
per cent of all preventable deaths in the United States are due to 
tlic four contagious diseases of children, measles, scarlet fevei, 
whooping cough, and di.phtheria ; please note the use of the word 
"preventable." The resisting power against such mfective dis- 
eases is poorly developed under ten or twelve years of age, and 
even where the child recovers, it will carry scars of greater or less 
severity throughout its life. Not necessarily "scars" .such as re- 
sult from bad cuts or burns, diseased glands (though the latter 
are not uncommon), but such scars as deafness or defective eye- 
sight, lung or heart delicacy, kidney susceptibility, nervous de- 
bility in its myriad forms, or even arrested mental development. 
Many a child which has learned to walk will lose the ]wwer .during 
an attack of measles or a bout of whoo.ping cough ; manv a boy 
or girl full of promise in early childhood will struggle through 
diphtheria to be numbered ever after among the "dullards" of 
school and college; the brain development of a child of twelve 
may be seriously, even permanently, checked by a severe attack oi 
scarlet fever ; or, when the stress of puberty, maternity, or busi- 
ness catastrophe, falls on the subject of these maladies in after 



GUIDE LESSONS. 181 

years, the nervous system may bend or even break. Whereas, 
had it never been subjected to these poisons, a mas^nificent ca- 
pacity to resist strain would have been the happy lot of its pos- 
sessor. 

In the third place, the needs of childhood must be so "ground 
into" the public mind, and a health conscience must be so cul- 
tivated, that public opinion will stand behind the existing- minor- 
ity in their efforts to secure to each human soul the physical and 
moral conditions essential to its normal development prenatal 
as well as postnatal. The fact is inadequately grasped that in re- 
turn for the advantages, the protection, the freedom, of a great 
Republic, each unit of its vast population carries weighty obliga- 
tion and is morally bound to contribute, each accorcHng to his 
ability, to the prosperity, strength and progress of this nation. 
Such return is not usually possible till after middle life ; certainly 
for the first twenty years each citizen is an investment, not a 
lucrative asset to his commonwealth. Consequently it is trie 
bounden duty of parents to bear their children, naturally and 
normally, then to rear their families to a vigorous maturity; 
otherwise their fellow citizens may justly reproach them as a 
source of weakness, not of strengh, to the population. 

To enumerate the needs of children is surely ' superfluous. 
There are dozens of books and hundreds of instructors always at 
hand to enlighten ignorance, if it exist, which seems almost in- 
credible. It is parental conviction strong enough to neutralize 
selfishness or intertia which is wanted ; it is community coopera- 
tion powerful enough to remodel conventional customs which is 
needed ; it is a civic conscience so sensitive that it will no longer 
tolerate conditions prejudicial to childhood, which calls for cultiva- 
tion. The regular simple food, the long hours of quiet, regular 
sleep ; the sensible clothing, the suitable play, the well consid- 
ered training, the healthful habits which are each child's birth- 
right, will be ensured to him by the parents v/ho believe that to 
rear a human being calls for intelligent preparation more than 
does the rearing of a calf or a chicken. 

QUESTIONS. 

1. What reasons may be given for the low value placed on 
child life? 

2. What factors are essential to healthful childhood? 

3. What diseases are most fatal to children? 

4. In what ways may these diseases handicap children who 
recover ? 

5. How would you propose to develop a more general at- 
tention to the needs of children? 

6. What law should govern the number of children born to 
parents ? 



The Magic of Song 



Mrs. Parley Nelson. 
Moderato 



Lucy May Green. 






--r 

1. When the heart is sad and lonely, And the day seems 

2. When life seems to have no bright side,And you fret and 

-j—j — p — m r-t — — • r — (^ «- 




Faster. 



r— r ■ — T — r— r-"^ v- 1 — *~ 

lilt - ing song, Of a lilt - ing song? Eyes begin to sparkle, 
clouds sail by, As the clouds sail by. Sing a joyful stan-za. 




Lips to smile ere long,For they can't resist the magic Of a 
Sing it clear and strong,For the heart forgets its burden In a 





ores. ^ 



lilt - ing song, Of a lilt 
lilt - ing song, In a lilt 



P^ 



^112:=^: 



:!=: 



-• — 
:t=: 



i 



- ing song, a lilting song. 

- ing song, a lilting song. 



::^: 



Ezii^: 



;a 



i 



Little All Aloney. 

Little All-Aloney's feet 
Fitter patter in the hall 
And his mother runs to meet 
And to kiss her toddling' sweet 
Ere perchance he fall. 
He is, oh, so. weak and .small ! 
Yet what danger shall he fear 
When h"s mother hovereth near 
And he hears her cheering call 
All Aloney. 

Little All-Aloney's face 
It is all aglow with glee 
As around that romping place 
At a terrifying pace 
Lungeth plungeth he ! 
And that hero seems to be 
All unconscious of our cheers 
Only one dear voice he hears 
Calling reassuringly 
All Aloney. 

Though his legs bend with their load 
Though his feet they seem so small 
That you cannot help forebode 
Some disastrous episode 
In that noisy hall 

Neither threatening bumps nor fall 
Little All-Aloney fears 
But with sweet bravado steers 
Whither comes that cheery call 
All Aloney. 

Ah, that in the years to come 
When he shares of summer store 
When his feet are chill and numb 
When his cross is burdensome 
And his heart is sore! 
Would that he could hear once more 
The gentle voice he used to hear 
Divine with mother-love and cheer 
Calling from yonder spirit shore 
All Aloney. 



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APRIL, 1918. 

Three Things I Have Seen Under the 
Sun, Nay Four. 

Stake Presidents ^ho Kniw Their 
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A Left-Handed Violinst With Both Faith 
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The Relief Society Magazine 

Owned and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

APRIL, 1918. 

Group of Relief Society Presidents Frontispiece 

Charity (A Poem) Grace Ingles Frost 185 

Our Relief Society Stake Presidents Susa Young Gates 187 

A Quitter— Almost Edna Coray 190 

Trust Yet a Little While (A Poem-) Maud Baggarley .194 

Music Brigham Cecil Gates 195 

Father Has an Inning-. Diana Parrish 198 

A Utah War Romance 204 

Home Entertainment Morag 208 

Unusual Mothers 211 

War Economy in Clothes 216 

Patriotic Department Clarissa S. Williams 218 

Current Topics James H. Anderson 221 

President Emmeline B. Wells Lighting Candles on her 

Birthday Cake 224 

Notes from the Field Amy Brown Lyman 225 

Home Science Department Janette A. Hyde 228 

Editorial: Democracy Must be Made Safe for the World 231 

Guide Lessons 233 

The Gospel Standard ('Music) B. Cecil Gates 243 

ADVERTISERS* DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise with us. 
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 
DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books, and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple St., Salt Lake City. 
EARDLEY BROTHERS CO., Everything for Electricity, Salt Lake City. 
INLAND CRYSTAL SALT CO., Salt Lake City. 

KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets, Salt Lake City. 
McCONAHAY, THE JEWELER, 64 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
MERCHANTS' BANK, Third South and Main Streets, Salt Lake City. 
PEMBROKE COMPANY, 22-24 East Broadway, Salt Lake City. 
SALT LAKE ARTIFICIAL LIMB CO., 134 South West Temple. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 

SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. & CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK, Salt Lake City. 
Z. C. M. I., Salt Lake City. 



Women Like 
This Bank 

Women, inexperienced in bus- 
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their savings in the Merchants 
Bank. 

Being one of the most con- 
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Lake, and offering all the ad- 
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tracts its patrons from all sta- 
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here. 

The Merchants is the city 
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"The Bank with a Personality" 

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Capital, $250,000 
Member of Salt Lake Clearing House 

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Soule, V.P.; Moroni Heiner, V.P.; 
Radcliffe Q. Cannon, L. T. Hayes, 
Assistant Cashiers 



\= 



Corner Main and Third South, 
Salt Lake City, Utah 



J 



BOOKS 

Recommended by the 
Agricultural College Exten- 
sion Department 
correlating with the 
Relief Society Work 
are sold by the 
SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION 
BOOK STORE 

Salt Lake City, Utah 



SALT LAKE'S 
LADY FLORIST 

Mrs. Emma J. Sanders 

278 South Main Street 
Schramm-Johnson No. 5 

Phone Wasatch 2815 



Salt Lake City, 



Utah 



Spend a ^Profitable Vacation at the 

9/ta/i ^ffriculturat Colleffe 

uummer Ochool 

June 10— July 19, 1918. 

Logan has an ideal climate for study and recreation. 

Exceptional opportunities are offered to students in: 

HOME ECONOMICS, which is under the direction this year of Professor 
Alice Ravenhill, an international authority on Nutrition and Child Study. 

Miss Ravenhill delivers a course of lectures on Physical Development in 
Childhood, and supervises the new Practice House which will be open to ad- 
vanced students. 

TRAINING COURSES IN MUSIC for supervisors and teachers of music. 

COURSES IN ART designed to prepare teachers to interpret successfully 
the new State adoptions in Art textbooks. 

SPECIAL WORK IN POULTRY MANAGEMENT to help to meet the 
Nation's call for increased poultry production. 

OTHER COURSES OF INSTRUCTION: Accounting, Agriculture, Bo- 
tany, Chemistry, Economics, Sociology, Education, Psychology, Public Speak- 
ing, English, Geology, History, Library Science, Mathematics, Spanish, French, 
Physical Education, Woodwork, Zoology. 

Lectures by prominent eastern educators. 

Write for further information to: 

Director of Summer School, 

Utah Agricultural College, Logan, Utah. 



Charity. 

By Grace Ingles Frost. 

"Neither do I condemn thee; go and sin no more" (John 8:11). 

Charity ! Charity ! 
Not like the Pharisees of old, 
Who close about his form did draw 
His garment, lest perchance a fold 
Should unto him unhallowed be 
From contact with a fellow man 
Less fortunate than he. 

Charity ! Charity ! 

Like that which forth from lips divine 

As precious pearls did flow, 

When she, that erring one, was brought, 

Her shame, her guilt to show. 

The words, "Let him who hath no sin 

Be first to cast a stone," 

And lo ! the accusers, one by one, 

Stole forth and left alone 

The woman with her God. 

Then through the ominous silence broke 

A thought of w^ondrous love. 

Which dormant good in heart awoke, 

That such grave stigma bore, 

"Neither do I condemn thee : 

Go and sin no more." 

Invocation. 

God give us loyal hearts and brave, 

Great souls who walk by love, afraid 

To hurl the contumelious stone 

Upon another, 

But ever eager, glad to save ; 

Fling forth the life-line wide. 

To rescue from the storm-tossed wave 

The sister or the brother. 




Top row : Mrs. Annie C. Hindley, Alpine Stake ; Mrs. Susan 

Thompson, Millard Stake. 
Center : Mrs. Martha F. Keeler, Utah Stake. 
Bottom row : Mrs. Wilhelmina H. Erickson, North Sanpete 

Stake ; Mrs. Elizabeth Boswell, Tintic Stake. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. APRIL, 1918. No. 4 



Our Relief Society Stake Presidents. 

By Sttsa Young Gates. 

The organization founded by the Prophet Joseph Smith, 
March 17, 1842, has done much more than can be expressed 
in words for woman as a sex, for the individual woman, and 
especially for the "Mormon" woman. The lessons of self-re- 
liance, independent thinking, and humanitarian development, 
have been beyond price. The limitations of mortality give 
no measurement with which to weigh and estimate the incal- 
culable good which has accrued to the home, the family, and the 
state, through the training given to women by the Relief Society. 
We may dimly feel and feebly express this great human gain, 
but not until eternity widens our vision and perfects our appre- 
hension will we know the value of the mission given in 1842. 

The organization machinery of the Relief Society, in these 
few short days of 1918, has won the plaudits of generous 
minded observers both in our local circles and in the councils of 
the nation at Washintgon. The living machinery of the Relief 
Society rests upon the lives and characters of the women who ad- 
minister in its functions. The general governing Board, with 
headquarters in Salt Lake City, are but a handful of women 
named by the general Church authorities and, with all their lim- 
itations, well deserve the responsibility placed upon them. But 
they would be helpless indeed without the second and third bodies 
of women, also chosen by inspiration, whom we call stake and 
ward presidents and who administer the affairs of the various or- 
ganizations in their diocese. These women must be broad in sym- 
pathy, mellow of heart, quick of intellect, and possessed of that 
matchless gift, executive power. We have been presenting to 
our readers the portraits of some of our able stake presidents. 
We hope to include all of these leading women in the Church, ere' 
this series of portraits is completed. We are proud to grace these 



188 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

pag'es in this manner, and to present to each other and to the 
world a pictured testimony concerning the women of Zion. 

Our group of faces this month is particularly interesting, 
for among these are some of our ablest and wisest officials. We 
have Pres. Annie C. Hindley, alert, tactful, generous and 
zealous ; Pres. Thompson, an up-to-date, vigorous executive of- 
ficer; Pres. Ericson, the soul of probity and faithfulness; Pres. 
Boswell, eagerly engaged in making a banner stake of her newly 
organized group. Especialy would we draw attention to Sister 
Martha F. Keeler, for the reason that not only is she a noble 
type of her class, but she has given a supreme evidence of her 
wisdom and unselfish devotion to duty. 

Sister Keeler laid the foundation of her life-work in dutiful 
home toil. She sought education at its fountain head, when she 
entered the Brigham Young University, in 1882, and the next 
year she married one of the rising forces in that institution, Jo- 
seph B. Keeler. She has been the mother of ten active, exemplary 
children. Out of the stress and strain of continuous motherhood, 
never with a servant in the house, she has educated each of her 
children at the expense of her own vital needs ; for, although the 
helpful family has each given domestic assistance, the burden 
ever fell heaviest and remained longest on the mother's shoulders. 

In 1906 she was appointed president of the Utah Stake 
Relief Society. She possesses in unmeasured quality the rare 
power to share her responsibilities, labors and honors with every 
other gifted and eagerly ambitious worker near her, without a 
trace of personal jealousy or nagging 'envy. Under her benign 
influence all avenues of Relief Society work budded, blossomed 
and bore fruit. Among the very first, if not the first, stake Re- 
lief Societies in the Church, she directed an outline course of 
study to be prepared and printed ; committees were appointed ; the 
work was divided, systematized and regulated ; union meetings 
were instituted monthly in connection with the stake priesthood 
meetings, where every interest and function of the Relief So- 
ciety was developed through reports discussed in each separate 
department. Lessons were here given first to ward teachers, and 
system marked all the labors. 

During the past year, when the war has risen above all com- 
mon interests and needs, when the poor have forgotten their 
wants and have contributed help and a measure of their pittance 
for war charity and conservation, this wise stake president has 
kept her public balance-vv^heel so delicately adjusted that the na- 
tion's call has been met and answered in every home in that 
stake ; and still no one study, no one charitable activity, no phase 
•of Relief Society work proper, has been neglected or even 
slighted. Yet the strain of directing, the wearing burden of large 



OUR RELIEF SOCIETY PRESIDENT. 189 

responsibility together with' -the overcrowding home duties .sent 
warning to the soul of this woman leader in Israel, and in all 
wisdom and humility she answered that call. She had seen the 
younger women about her grow and .develop into the possibilities 
of the leadership within them;and, like the Latter-day Saint that 
she is, she decided modestly and quietly to step aside and let 
younger, stronger women pick up the burdens she had trained 
them to assume. Quietly, on the 1st of Frebruary, 1918, Sister 
Keeler resi'gned her position, at the same time accepting a minor 
office in the Board, so that the younger women should not be de- 
prived of her counsel and help. Listen to her own statement : 

"Many of my friends have wondered why I ask for a re- 
lease, why I should want to withdraw from the Presidency of the 
LTtah Stake Relief Society when, as they say, all departments of 
ward and stake activity are moving along .satisfactorily. I had 
two reasons : first, becaiise for more than a year past I have fe*t 
that the heavy responsibilities of my position were producing 
a physical and mental strain beyond my power of endurance. 
Second, and most important of all, is my high appreciation of the 
Relief Society cause in Zion. It needs the very best attention, 
especially in these .days of stress, commotion and change. There 
is no place for a slacker or for slacking. Every woman who has 
a proper est' mate of our organization will lend to it her best efforts 
outside of her own home. I am thoroughly converted to the 
divine mission of the Relief Society. It will succeed just as truly 
a? this latter-day gospel will succeed. Membership in the organ- 
ization should be considered a most sacred privilege by every 
woman in Zion. It has been my pride and ambition, during the 
years I have served, to watch it grow and to help it along to the 
extent of my ability. We have many excellent, trained women in 
our stake possessed of faith and enthusiasm, eager to do good, 
and withal fully qualified for responsibility. There will be no jar, 
no halt, no wavering, but the work will go steadily on. It would 
break my heart if I thought for a moment that I should be de- 
prived of doing my bit and earning my standing in this the great- 
est organization for women in the world." 

There is a time to labor and- a time to quit. How few of us 
laborers know when the right t'me comes to quit. 



A Quitter— Almost. 

By Edna Coray. 

It was nearly a facer for Ada Varley. A week had now 
passed — or was it a year? — and she was beginning to realize the 
enormity of the mishap that had brought her to the hospital and 
incidentally changed the whole aspect of her life. The attending 
physician, in response to her insistent demand, had told her the 
exact truth about her condition, and like a death knell to all her 
hopes his reluctant words still rang in her ears : 

"The burns upon your arm, neck and face will probably leave 
permanent scars, but we are not yet sure whether the sight of 
your left eye is destroyed. However, the right one is uninjured 
and if it should have to do double service, it will become stronger 
than ever." 

"What about my left hand?" she had anxiously inquired. 

''My girl, I fear that you may not regain the use of the 
fingers, as the nerves and tendons are so deeply burned." 

"Then I can never play my violin again!" she moaned, and in 
unutterable chagrin had tried to grasp the overwhelming fact. 

That was three days ago ; since then, she had scarcely slept or 
eaten. The kindly nurse had wheeled her chair over to the win- 
dow, and having placed within reach a small table laden with 
various tokens from sympathetic friends, had left her alone for 
a while. A tall vase of pink carnations, towering above sundry 
cards, bon bons and magazines, claimed her chief attention just 
now. A letter had accompanied the flowers, and she drew it 
from her pocket for another reading. 

"My dear Ada," it ran, "I feel verv much abused, not to ,say 
affronted, by your persistent disinclination to receive any visitors, 
not even me, though you must know I have suffered tortures of 
anxiety and suspense since your accident, because you and your 
welfare are of the most intimate concern to me. The orchestra 
is all broken up about you. and when I glance at vour vacant chair 
near my piano, I've got to turn away quick to keep from losing 
myself completely." 

With a moaning sigh, she left off reading. The following 
sentences were full of tender suggestiveness that needed but a 
word of encouragment from her to become very personal indeed. 
What could — what dared she say to him nozv! He had not the 
least idea what a frip-htful difference had been made in her view- 
point. Disfigured, l^linded. and cripplerl. she could no longer as- 
pire to any man's love, much less that of Joe Cirrol. her musical 



A QUITTER— ALMOST. 191 

playmate and best friend. No, she would not allow him to commit 
himself further. She would write merely a courteous acknowl- 
edgment, casually referring to her present plight and the conse- 
quent necessity of changing her plans for the future. She would 
make it clear that she expected to fight her own way in life's bat- 
tle, but, of course, would give him no hint of the magnitude of 
her renunciation. 

The thought of this was overpowering, and in .dumb, tearless 
misery she crumpled down among her supporting pillows, Joe's 
letter crushed against her breast, and her heart literally ready to 
break. 

Hearing the door of her room opened, she feigned sleep, 
hoping to be left undisturbed. She felt the nurse's light touch 
upon her wrist and cheek, and from underneath her eyelashes saw 
the white clad attendant turn to the little table and place some- 
thing upon it, then quietly leave. Alone again, Ada listlessly 
glanced at the table and saw a small vial, evidently just left by the 
nurse. The next moment she was staring in surprise, for she had 
caught sight of the ominous insignia of skull and crossbones upon 
the label, and in curious wonderment picked up the bottle for 
closer inspection. There were some cabalistic letters and figures, 
but no other marks of identification, and she gazed at the dark 
liquid in a sort of fascination. 

Suddenly an idea shot through her apathetic brain that gal- 
vanized it into instant alertness : "Poison ! Here is a way out ! 
This will solve all heart-breaking problems ! Fate has been kind 
to me after all. Oh Death, thou hast no sting! Long life to 
you !"' 

Her trembling hand with difficulty replaced the vial in its 
former position, then she drowsily settled back in her chair. A 
delicious restfulness permeated her being. Harrassing thoughts 
no longer weighed down her buoyant spirit. Physical discomfort 
was gone. The memory of friends and associates became hazy, 
and gradually faded into nothingness. 

Sometime later she was roused by voices just outside her 
door, and like a child about to be caught in mischief, Ada yielded 
to the impulse to, run away from impending chastisement. Start- 
ing up, she was astonished at finding herself floating in midair, 
while before her in the chair lay a crumpled human shape with 
bandaged head and arm — was that her own ma'med, discarded 
body? 

Someone was about to enter the room, and with an exultant 
laugh she projected herself like a beam of light through the 
window and out into space. A bird escaping from a narrow cage 
to the freedom of field and forest, sea and sky, could feel no more 
glorious exhilaration and exaltation than she now felt, as. bv the 



192 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

power of her own will, she sailed away to explore the mysterious 
ethereal realm beyond Earth's stifling confines. 

On and on she flew with the speed of li.ght, through unmeas- 
ured distance, and at last beheld the radiant mirage of a great 
city whose domes, towers and embattlements sparkled and 
gleamed like bejewelled silver and gold. As she advanced, the 
mirage imperceptibly blended into the reality, and faint .sounds 
of music reached her. These grew more distinct each moment, 
until as she neared a splendid gateway, the soft air was vibrant 
with ecstatic music accompanied by musical instruments in a 
rhapsody of praise and thanksgiving. Through the open gate- 
way, which seemed to be framed with living light, she saw a part 
of a brilliant pageant moving slowly along, and among the white 
clad choristers she recognized her parents and other loved ones. 

In rapturous anticipation she rushed toward them, calling 
out to them in the hope they would see and wait for her. Star- 
tled, they turned about, and recognizing her drew back in shocked 
surprise and evident displeasure. At the same instant a lattice 
of flaming bars was slid across the entrance way, blocking her 
passage, and a stern sentry stepped forward demanding her pass- 
port. 

At her outcry of disappointment and dismav. the loved ones 
beyond the shining portal cast her one reproachful, almost con- 
temptuous look and resumed their place in the stately procession. 

Imploringly she turned to the relentless gate-keeper, but he 
waved her back saying. "Who summoned you hither? Show 
me your passport." 

Shamefacedly she confesed that she ha'i none. 

"Then you cannot enter. You would have had one if you 
had completed your probation on Earth. Go back and finish it." 

"But I have left my body, and : — " 

"You must remain with it until you are simimoned. You 
had no right to come here uninvited. Begone !" 

At his mandatory gesture a lightning bolt flashed pa«=t her, 
creating a resistless current that swept her away from the flame- 
barred gate, and carried her swiftly back over the way she had 
come. 

Down, down, through cloud and shadow, back toward the 
dismal earth; on past wandering bands of jeering spirits, some of 
whom followed her with merciless taunts and scurrility to the 
very threshold of the hospital where she had left after her ig- 
nominious flight. An invisible cal)le seemed dragging at her feet, 
and she realized that it was attached to a dead weight that she 
could in nowise move. In horror and unspeakable remorse she 
knew that the ghastly anchor was the body of flesh and bone that 
she tried to cast off before the allotted time. 



A QUITTER— ALMOST. 193 

Wearily dragging- the heavy, though invisible cable after her, 
she re-entered the hospital room whence she had fled so jubi- 
lantly not many hours, or was it only minutes, ago. Everything 
was just as she had left it — evidently no one had entered the room 
since her surreptitious departure, for the body was undisturbed. 
Presently it would be discovered and — buried! Oh, then she 
would have to keep her wretched vigil alone in the cemetery — 
helplessly anchored there until her allotted time on earth was 
spent, and the Power that governed all things should sever .the 
cruel cable and release her ! Meanwhile, she would be tormented 
not only by her remorse of conscience, but by the horrible "wan- 
dering spirits" that mocked her plight ! How many years of such 
torture might be ahead ! Oh, how worse than imbecile had been 
her rashness in flinging off a life that, though fearfully handi- 
capped, need not have been a failure ! She oould now see many 
fields of usefulness — even happiness — that might have been avail- 
able, the very least of which would have been a rare joy com- 
pared with the condition in which she was now. What a coward 
she had been ! Joe would be ashamed of ever having been her 
friend and his spirit, honorably released, would spurn hers as 
those of her loved ones in heaven had just now done. 

In the words of another murderer, her whole being cried out 
in agony : "My punishment is greater than I can bear !" and fling- 
ing herself down beside her inert body, she abandoned herself to 
her supreme suffering. 



"Miss Varley, a party on the telephone insists upon speaking 
to you a moment, if you feel able to answer." 

The nurse's quiet words reached Ada's numbed conscious- 
ness as from a great distance, and it was a long moment before 
she could realize where she was — whether in spirit or in body ; 
but the sight of her own bandaged hand and the crumpled letter 
in her lap helped to recall her dazed senses at once. A furtive 
glance at her table assurred her that only the friendly offerings 
were, or had been, there, and a great joy and thankfulness flooded 
her soul. She had been granted another chance to make good ! 

"Thank you, nurse," she brightly responded, "I am feeling 
especially well, and will be very pleased to answer the call." 

The nurse's face betrayed her agreeable surprise, for she had 
probably expected the sullen negative as usual. Quickly adjust- 
ing the extension cord, she handed Ada the receiver-transmitter 
and left her alone. 

The unspeakable gladness of her soul was reflected by the 
tones of her greeting to her "party." Joe's glad voice exultantly 
answered : 

"At last! Oh, how good it was to hear that voice again! 



194 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

I've only a moment to talk now, but won't you please let me visit 
you this evening before the show? I have .such great news, and 
other things to talk about. You'll let me come, won't you?" 

"Why certainly, if you like," responded Ada a shade more 
cordially than she intended to. 

"Well I do like — heaps — and — thank you ! I'll be there on 
the stroke of six, so I'll have two precious hours before I have to 
be at the theatre. Meanwhile, think of this : You won't need to 
give up your violin!" 

"Oh Joe ! surely they've told you that — " 
"They've told me everything. I know the history of the 
'case' from A to izzard, so there's not a thing left for you to tell 
me — except something I'll ask — when I see you. Bye bye !" 
"Wait Joe! what can you mean — about the violin?" 
"Just this : you are going to reverse the strings, and teach 
your right hand to take the place of your left, which can manage 
the bow alright. Lots of left-handed people do that all the time, 
didn't you think of that?" 

"Oh no ! Joe, you are — just snlendid !" 
"Thanks. Good bye till six. I must s:o now." 
When the nurse looked in a few minutes later, she gave a 
startled exclamation at .sight of Ada sobbing hvsterically. 

"Not bad news. Miss Varlev. I hope! Can't vou tell me?" 
"N-no, nurse d-dear, but it's not bad news — I'm so happy, 
I'm almost d-dead, that's all!" 



TRUST YET A LITTLE WHILE. 
By Maud Baggarley. 

Trust yet a little while. 
The sun again will shine ; 

Tho' now you stumble through the night 
Peace shall enfold that stricken heart of thine 

And morning bring thee light. 

The storms of life may bruise his weary heart. 
For thou art like a seed within a clod — 

That sleeping dreams and hath no part — 
Till trials lift thee up to God. 

Then trust, tho' dim the path appear, 
Tho' shadows almost h:.de thy way. 

One shall not fail thee, have no fear. 
Then trust till dawn of Day. 



Music. 

By Brigham Cecil Gates. 

Music is the oldest art referred to in the Scriptures. Job 
in his divine apostrophe to unbelieving humanity voices the ad- 
monition of the Lord with the inquiry, "Where wast thou when 
I laid the foundations of the earth, when the stars sang together 
and all the sons of God shouted for joy?" 

Jubal, the son of Cain, is referred to in the fourth chapter of 
Genesis as the father, or great progenitor, of those who played 
on the harp and organ. So that music descended with life and 
love as a part of human heritage. 

Job is thought to be one of the oldest books in the Bible, 
and it was certainly written before the exodus, from all the 
external evidence. This ancient prince in speaking of those who 
are mighty in power says : "They take the timbrel and harp and 
rejoice at the sound of the organ" (Job 21:12). 

When Jacob fled from his father-in-law, Laban, he was 
charged with making no opportunity for sending him out "with 
mirth and with song, with taboret and with harp" (Genesis 31 : 
23, 27). 

Moses, who had received all the cultural advantages found in 
the luxurious civilization of Eg}7pt, carried into the wilderness 
with him not only musical instruments such as were known to the 
ancient Egyptians, but also proved himself a trained poet and 
musician when he led the hosts of Israel in his song of victory, 
after the Red Sea crossing. His sister, Miriam, equally gifted 
and no doubt equally trained in musical expression, led her sing- 
ing and dancing minstrels after Moses and his courtly priests, 
striking the timbrel and singing their poetic response. Wise 
Moses knew the value of music and at once made it a part of 
religious worship. Silver trumpets were made with which to an- 
nounce feasts and fasts, while through the services of the taber- 
nacle, no doubt, wove in and out the pearly jewels of song and 
m.elody as an integral part of their solemn rituals. 

David, shepherd though be was, abounded in poetic gifts 
and exquisite musical expression. Although his courage won 
him first recognition in the courts of Saul, he would have been 
long forgotten but for his musical skill which caused the troubled 
king Saul to hold David close to his throne, harp in hand, to .soothe 
the uneasy spirits which haunted his pillow. When David be- 
came king himself and arrangements were going forward for the 



196 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

building of the great temple, regular choirs were appointed by 
him and the sons of Asaph and Heman and of Jehuhun 
were separated to the service of music. They were they "who 
should prophesy with harps, with psalteries and with cymbals." 
These were all Levites and held the Priesthood, and we are told 
that "there were 4.000 of them who praised the Lord with the 
instruments which David made" (I Chron. 23:5; 25:1). 

There were 24 bands of musicians which served in the tem- 
ple by turns. They were ranged about the altar in order of 
precedence. They had no menial work to do for they were sup- 
ported in comparative luxury by the tithes of the people, and 
their only business in life was to study and practice music. 

In the temple service there were women musicians employed 
as well as men. It is to be inferred that they were the daughters 
of the Levites. Ezra in enumerating the official personages whom 
he brought to Jerusalem from the Babylonish captivity to take 
prirt in the reopening of the rebuilt temple names 200 singing 
men and singing women (II Samuel 6:5; 19:35; Ezra 2:65; Ne- 
hemiah 7:67). 

The daily service in the temple was full of picturesque 
beauty. Music was a constant accompaniment to the various 
services. The musicians were sometimes divided into two or 
more .separate choirs which sang a general chorus in turn 
and chanted responses from the Psalms. The structure of the 
Hebrew Psalms is eminently adapted to this mode of singing, the 
parallel framework of their poetry emborlies the very spirit of re- 
sponses to hymns of praise. Solemn indeed must have been the 
effect after the incense had passed from the court into the holy 
place. In both the morning and evening sacrifice a large in- 
strument, called the magrepha, was struck and the priests all 
hastened to their places. The choristers ranged up and down the 
various terraces or approaches to the temple. Slowly the priest 
and his assistants, carrying the incense, ascended from the court 
of the Levites and the holy place, and after spreading the coals 
upon the golden altar the high priest gave the word of command. 
Then the whole multitude of the people without fell down before 
the Lord, spreading out their hands in silent prayer. It must be 
remembered that the temple at Jerusalem was a series of terraces 
built on a somewhat commanding hill. The lower terrace or court 
was the court of the gentiles ; the next higher terrace was the 
court of the women ; the highest court was the court of 
the Levites or priests, and here the singers were stationed. On 
the highest court was built the temple itself which was com- 
posed of two portions or rooms with an outer approach or vesti- 
bule. Within was the holy place where sat the table of shew- 



MUSIC. ' 197 

bread and the golden candle-sticks on the other side. Clear across 
. hung the veil of the temple, and back of that was the Holy Place 
wh'ch contained only the Ark of the Covenant and which was 
entered but once a year even by the high priest himself. 

At the morning and evening sacrifice when the multitude 
of people knelt before the Lord in silent prayer, deep silence 
rested upon the worshiping assembly while the priests lifted 
their hands above their heads spreading and joining their fingers 
in a .peculiar mystical manner. Then began the temple music. 
First the blasts from the ,silver trumpets were blown, and there 
were 120 in this service ; the singing priests faced the people, 
looking eastward. "On a signal given by the president, the 
priests moved forward to each side of him who struck the cym- 
bals. Immediately the choir of the Levites, accompanied by in- 
strumental music, began the Psalm of the .day. It was sustained 
by not less than twiclve voices, with which mingled the delicious 
treble from selected voices of young sons of the Levites, who, 
standing by their fathers, might take part in this service alone. 
The number of instrumental performers was not limited, nor yet 
confined to the Levites, .some of the distinguished families which 
had intermarried with the priests being admitted to this service. 
The psalm of the day was always sung in three sections. At the 
close of each the priests blew three blasts from their silver 
trum.pets, and the people bowed down and worshiped. This 
closed the morning service." 

Thus we see that ancient , Israel made of music a religious 
service. We may be sure that music attended their wedding 
feasts as it did their burial ceremonies. Nor were the people 
without their social musical diversions. All through the Scriptures 
music is used as the symbol of divine j.oy and ecstasy. The gos- 
pels teem with references to the regular musical services, while 
John the Revelator fills his descriptions of heaven with the music 
of harps and the hymnals of the angels. The exquisite heavenly 
choirs announced the coming of the Christ Child to this earth 
and the Revelator typifies the final redemption of man with this 
eloquent apostrophe : 

"And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many 
waters, and as the voice of great thunder : and I heard the voice 
of harpers harping with their harps : And they sang as it were a' 
new song' before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the 
elders : and no man could learn that song but the hundred and 
forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth" 
(Rev. 14:2, 3). 



Father Has an Inning. 

By Dia)ia Parrish. 

Bob was very proud of himself when the Mayor asked him 
to occupy a seat on the platform at the canal celebration. He had 
done considerable on the various conmiittees but h',s being in- 
vited to the ])latform was an additional honor which he felt he 
was worthy of, of course, but even so it pleased him. Hie won- 
dered whether father had been invited to sit on the platform. 
Father had not been working on any of the committees which was 
somewhat strange as he nearly always represented the family on 
such occasions. Bob would have liked to ask father whether or 
not he was invited, but hesitated to do so for fear that he was not 
and might consequently be offended when questioned about it. 
Deep down in his heart Bob was not sure that father had been in- 
vited because to his way of thinking father was getting to be a 
little behind the times and his manners like his business methods 
v/ere beginning to appear antiquated. It was time that he gradu- 
ally retired and let his sons carry on the affairs of the family. 

There was another thing about which Bob as the ol lest son 
had been wondering. Father of late had been more and more 
secretive about his business. He had seemed little disposed to 
discuss his affa'rs with the boys and had not taken them into his 
confidence whatever. They were all quite sure that his business 
was none too good as the war had simply knocked the bottom out 
of stocks. He had taken three trips to Denver, several trips to 
Idaho cities, one long trip to Oregon and a hurried journey to 
Washington, calling at Seattle and several surrounding cities. 
Each time he came home he seemed more and more worried and 
tired. On the day of his last return. Bob thovight he looked pos- 
itively ill, but nevertheless relieved. Sort of resigned — as if he 
had a hard fight, had lost and had given up to his fate, and there- 
fore had the comfort of knowing tliat at least the struggle was 
finished. Father said nothing to any of them when they inquired 
about his trip. 

"Had a very good trip,'' he vouchsafed. 

"But. father, you look so worn out ! You must let us take 
some of this work from your shoulders. You must let us help 
you," urged the boys. 

"Nonsense. I am quite all right. Just a little tired and dirty 
from the train." 

Not another word about the business that had taken him 
away. Not another word about anything. 



FATHER HAS AN INNING. 199 

After father had gone home, the boys looked at each other 
qnestioningly. 

"He's working to hard," said Bob. 

"A man at his age should be retired and living on a little 
country place looking after the pigs and chickens. Business is 
not what it was when father first began. Nowadays it's a battle 
from start to finish. It takes a young man to cope with it." Tim 
shook his head seriously as he spoke, feeling within himself that 
he was equal to the great struggle. 

"It's too bad," .sighed Tom. "Too bad, that father won't re- 
tire and live comfortably on what he has saved instead of running 
the chances of losing it all by carrying on his business in this old- 
fashioned way." 

There was nothing to be done so the boys watched father go- 
ing in his own way and looking every day a little more jaded and 
worn. 

In the excitement of the coming celebration. Bob and the 
other boys forgot about father. Such preparations had never 
been made before, for the canal meant more to the community 
than any other one thing since the advent of the railroad. The 
celebration was in honor of the accomplishment of the first step 
toward the building of the "big ditch" and the Secretary from 
Washington was coming all the way to congratulate the citizens 
and encourage them to push their undertaking to completion. 
Naturally the Secretary became the center of the demonstration. 
The day was to begin with the people meeting him at the station. 
From there he was to be escorted by the militia and police to the 
great mass meeting and banquet in the park. 

Everybody in town was stirred up over the event, from "Pop" 
FTarrington down to Sally Cook, the old water cress woman whom 
all the children declared had webbed feet from wading so much in 
swamps and ditches. In her enthusiasm the poor old lady of- 
fered to furnish the water cress for the banquet, an offer that was 
gladly accepted as there was no doubt that she could gather cress 
that would do justice to a Waldorf Astoria feast. "Pop" Har- 
rington drove a coach and four and had a man sit up on the box 
"winding a horn" as they do in the fashionable coaching outfits. 
In fair weather his delight was to drive down Center Street 
dressed in red coat, white breeches, black, shiny boots and tall 
beaver hat, his four black horses shining and prancing as if they 
enjoyed the show as much as anybody. The people on the streets 
stopped to look at him and "Pop" felt that this homage was worth 
all the expen,se and trouble that he was put to in keeping up his 
coach. It was trouble, too, now, for the gout had claimed him 
and many a day he would have preferred sitting at home with his 



200 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

foot propped up on a cushioned chair. Nevertheless, gout or no 
gout, he never could quite bring himself to give up the pleasure 
of bov^ing to the populace who stared at him as he passed. 

On this occasion, he was sure to be a most conspicuous fig- 
ure. Had he not been certain of this "Pop" would not have left 
his chair, for his birthday dinner of last week had made his foot 
swell twice its size. He wanted to drive beside Melvin Jeremy 
who was the proud possessor of the biggest motor car in the city. 
In "Pop's" estimation, motors were not in it when compared to a 
coach and four. He held his head highest when driving along- 
side the motor and "showing it up" as he said to his friends. 
Both "Pop" and Melvin Jeremy wanted to drive the Secretary 
from the train to the park. The committee on arrangements had 
both offers and were considerably embarrassed as to which one to 
accept. In order to avoid trouble they finally decided to let 
"Pop" meet the delegate and drive to the park. Jeremy was to 
have the honor of taking hini back to the train at night. While 
"Pop" was congratulating himself that his horses and startling 
horn would create a sensation with the gentleman from Wash- 
ington, Jeremy was equally satisfied that his dazzling "blinkers" 
which were warranted to blind anyone looking into them and turn 
night into day would please the notable immensely. So each 
"prominent citizen" was perfectly happy and spent the next few 
days in dreaming of his conquest. 

The Benton family was quite as much exercised as any one 
else over the gala day. In fact from mother down to the young- 
est grandchild, each felt that the success of the affair depended 
largely on his or her efforts. Mother had been asked to furnish 
two freezers of ice-cream for the banquet, one vanilla and oi>e 
lemon. "You know lots of people still cling to their liking for 
lemon flavoring," commented Mrs. Mayford, the chairman of the 
refreshments. Fannie had been asked to bring .sandwiches. 
She spent days hunting for the latest and most fashionable kinds 
she could find. Plain ham and cheese were out of the question. 
Only "unpronounceable" and breath-taking combinations were to 
be considered. After searching through fashion notes for a week 
to ,see what the smart set was eating these .days by way of sand- 
wiches, she compromised with pimento cheese, caviar mixtures, 
and lettuce leaves spread with anchovy paste. Geraldine was 
helping with the flowers and canvassed the houses in her division 
for days getting promises of nasturtiums, roses, lilacs, sweet peas 
and mignonette. wShe begged so gracefully that her donations 
filled a wagon in which was a huge basketful of early scented 
peonies from the garden of old Sam Wilson the only man in 
town who possessed such a rare variety. She never did tell how 
she got those peonies but Viola carried two bottles of grape cat- 



FATHER HAS AN INNING. 201 

sup with a neatly-written, exclusive recipe for the same to old 
Sam the day before the big affair, so .she had a pretty good idea 
of the sacrifice it cost Geraldine. Isobel was also a member of the 
committees being on the receiving h,st. She felt that for once 
she was in her element. Receiving cabinet ministers was just 
what she was intended for. She would have liked just such a 
job every day in the year. 

The only one who seemed out of it was father. He scarcely 
took notice of what was going on. He went to his office early and 
came home late. During the day he was not much to be seen 
unless it was talking with some stalwart farmers and ranchers. 

At two o'clock of the eventful day the train signaled with an 
■unmistakable shriek that there was an important passenger 
aboard. The citizens who had stood in the boiling sun since 
eleven heaved a sigh of relief and wiped away their sweaty fore- 
heads for what they hoped would be the last time. As the train 
came to a stop, the Secretary from Washington stepped to the 
platform of the private car. A shout went up as the people 
caught sight of him. 

He took off his elegant panama hat and bowed in acknowl- 
edgment. At this moment it was intended that the Mayor should 
make a little speech of welcome to which the Secretary would re- 
ply extemporaneously, but these plans were upset by "Pop" Har- 
rington dashing up with his sparkling blacks and his man blow- 
ing his horn with such .deafening regularity that it completely 
dumbfounded the Mayor, and "Pop" hustled him and the whole 
party into his coach without more ado. 

The cheers with which the people greeted the honorable gen 
tleman from the Capital more than made up for the loss of an op- 
portunity to speak so no serious damage was done. "Pop" 
cracked his whip and started his blacks up the street with an un- 
expected dash that forced the militia and mounted policemen to 
canter ahead to the next corner and begin the procession there. 
After a few minutes "Pop" managed to control his jubilation to 
.such a degree that he brought his horses down to a prance. He 
also signaled his man to stop "winding his horn" much to the re- 
lief of the distinguished visitor who was beginning to wonder if 
the tales he had heard of the wild and woolly west were really 
true. His fears of momentarily being held up by a masked rider 
with a shotgun were quieted when he looked on the undisturbed 
faces of the Governor, the Mayor and the rest of the party who 
were smilingly acknowledging the applause of the citizens. 

Through the town the party went, passing the notable build- 
ings and land, driving up the chief boulevard and finally arriving 
at the park. For hours the crowd had been gathering round the 
platform, many foregoing the sight of the visitor at the train so 



202 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

that they could oret a seat near the front at the meetino^. It was 
here also that the chief rivalry between the citizens was manifest. 
Those who had been invited to sit on the platform walked to their 
places with an air of self -acknowledged greatness that that was 
bitter gall to those who had to skirmish for seats below. 

Bob assisted with the seating of the guests and then found 
his own place near the middle of the platform. He could not hope 
for a front seat yet. Also he became suddenly conscious that he 
had not seen father all day. What on earth could he be doing 
not to appear on such an occasion. He had seen mother helping 
with the preparations for the banquet, all the girls seemed to be 
bustling about, and the boys were lending a helping hand, but 
father was nowhere in sight. Bob began to condemn hims^elf for 
not having called the affair to father's attention and for not try- 
ing to get father a seat with him. Father was very busy, and 
even if his methods were old fashioned — iperhaps it was all the 
more reason for his needing help. At any rate he would never 
let another such opportunity slip by without going directly to 
father's assistance and — 

Bob's ruminations were interrupted by the arrival of the 
party. Everybody settled back to listen to the program. They 
entered into the demonstration with whole hearts. They sang 
the Star Spangled Banner with great enthusiasm. They bowed 
their heads during the invocation, .silently adding supplications 
of their own. The Governor's address and introduction of the 
Secretary were especially inspiring. The Secretary's response 
was thrilling. It made the people feel proud of their accom- 
plishment. They were glad they had gone into the thing and 
were prepared to carry it on at any sacrifice. 

As the Secretary sat down the people relaxed and whispered 
their approval of the speeches to their neighbors. The orchestra 
and band got ready to play the final air, the trombone men giving 
their instruments a few preliminary slides and the cornetists 
blowing the air from their pieces with gustatory puffs. The 
Governor squirmed around in his seat and then suddenly got up. 

"Ladies and gentlemen," he began, 'T don't know whether 
you know it or not but I have been suffering a small purgatory all 
day. In spite of the fact that we are receiving a congratulatory 
visit from the Honorable Secretary, we are really not quite pre- 
pared to have him. Our plans miscarried at a time too late to ask 
him to delay his visit." He turned to the Secretary with an apol- 
egetic smile. 

Everybody was startled by the strange remarks and with the 
innate human love of mystery or scandal sat breathlessly waiting 
further disclosures. This curiosity spread like wild fire. Even 
mother and her helpers came and stood behind the seats leaving 



FATHER HAS AN INNING. 203 

the banquet preparations with only a few to guard the dainties 
from the usual ravages of flies and small boy.s. 

"Just now I have seen a gentleman join this assemblage who 
v/as intrusted with the delicate mission of getting the men who 
failed us back into line. His presence here leads me to believe 
that he has been successful and that this meeting after all will cel- 
ebrate the beginning of a reality and not an idle dream." The 
Governor smiled benignantly, then continued, "I want to ask the 
gentleman of whom I speak to come to the platform. I want to 
introduce the man who has been the chief factor in our accom- 
plishments. Only his good business judgment, steadfastness, 
patience and diplomacy have made this thing possible. I want 
to present to you all and especially to you. Honorable Secretary, 
the man of the hour." 

The Governor waved with authority at the small man who 
had just sat down at the farthest corner. The small man turned 
red and stood up uncertainly. Then he walked slowly down the 
aisle. 

Bob, like everybody else, turned to look at the "gentleman 
who had joined the assemblage." But owing to the huge form of 
the man in front of him he saw nothing of the important person 
until he walked up the platform steps looking a little tired and 
hot. his trousers bagging considerably at the knees and his collar 
wilting down at the corners. The Governor stepped forward 
quickly to meet the gentleman. He led to the center of the stage 
no other person than — father ! 

Bob felt a queer choking sensation, then he joined in the 
thunderous applause that came from the audience when they real- 
ized that a simple, quiet, man from their very midst had accom- 
plished such important things. 

Father's words of acknowledgment were faltering. "Really, 
the Governor has overestimated my worth — he — he is too kind. 
All I can say is that matters have been re-arranged this morning. 
I have ridden all day to bring the message that our plans will be 
carried out." Clapping and cheers drowned his further utter- 
ances so father bowed and turned round for a chair with some 
confusion. 

The Secretary stood up at this moment and before the whole 
audience shook father's hand. Then while the crowd whistled 
and cheered he pulled him into a seat next to his. He chatted 
with him eagerly, occasionally laying his hand on father's shoul- 
der like a long lost brother. 

Father's inninsf had begun. 



A Utah War Romance. 

Our brave and brilliant Utah girl, Miss Betty McCune, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. W. McCune, has bowed to the in- 
evitable in permitting- Cupid to fold hands with Mars across the 
seas. Her distinguished young husband has been a devoted ad- 
mirer of Miss Betty since she wore her hair in pig-tail braids and 
dashed about the sleepy streets of Lima, Peru, in her twelve- 
year old girlish pinafores ; only her mother called them aprons in 
the good okl American tongue. But Betty could not see the solia 
values of dignity and birth in her gay, glittering early girlhood 
days. And so the years flew by, alternating seasons for Betty be- 
tween Peru, New York and occasional visits to her home in Utah. 
For there came many suitors for her hand, attracted as they were 
by her absolute truth, sincerity and high-minded integrity. 
Among these was an Episcopal Bishop's son who was both young 
and handsome. 

Then came tiie war — who may spell that word aright? And 
the young Englishman at once left Peru for Europe and enlisted. 
He rose from rank to rank, his reckless courage resulting in three 
almost fatal wounds, while he has already been .decorated with 
five crosses for his bravery, being one of the fifty English officials 
thus heavily decorated in the long course of this awful carnage. 

When Miss Betty accepted her country's call to drive her 
own auto in France for relief trench work last winter, she found, 
on arriving in Paris, that her old friend Major Trower had 
learned of her coming and was there to greet her both sadly and 
gladly. What would you? Life, war, love and such gripping 
romance as pales all imaginary fiction met in Paris, and soon — the 
natural and righteous sequence — Miss Betty McCune became 
Mrs. Rex Trower. Her own pathetic account of the affair just 
received from over-seas by her sister is both vivid and touching: 

"Life is queer, but love is queerer. If anyone had told me 
six months ago that I would marry Rex I would have had them 
locked up in an insane asylum. Now I am so frightfully in love 
v/ith him, I don't know what to do. I am just afraid God will 
take him away to punish me for the way I have flirted with other 
men. Pray for me. Jack. My wedding was so sad and lonely. 
No one there but the witnesses. My wedding dress was my blue 
serge suit, I got last year in New York — remember it? Rex 
wasn't allowed to leave Paris so we just went to another hotel. 
He stayed a week and then had to go back to the front. You can 
imagine how I felt. 





MAJOR AND MRS. REX TROWER. 




MAJOR RICHARD. G. TROWER IN THE TRENCHES. 



206 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"I received a sweet cable from mother last night and one 
from Ray this morning^. It made me so happy. I just cried and 
cried. It has made me feel so much better. 

' "Our announcement would have read, Major R. G. Trower, 
D. S. O.-M. C. of His Majesty's Royal Engineers, which would 
have meant much here, but would have meant nothing to the 
people' in the states, I guess. 

"x\n officer Rex sent down to take me around introduced me 
to the Baroness de Rothsch'kl. She has been simply wonderful 
to me — just loads me with presents, beautiful flowers, beaded 
bags, candy, lace collars, a pretty diamond and sapphire ring, an 
old turqu6ise bracelet and opera seats three or four times a week. 
To go to .see her is like going back for a generation. She is 
eighty or more, has never been out of her home in twenty years, 
lives in Balyacs Place, a huge i)alace in a ])ark right in the heart 
of Paris. You go in first to a little lodgegate, then they let you 
pass and the doors of the house open as if by magic, then up a 
huge staircase past millions of powdered footmen in through fifty 
big salons with footmen at each door, then you are in her small 
.drawing room (which is about the size of the Hotel Utah). 
Thousands of footmen fix your • chair, footstool and cushions, 
then she appears. White hair done exactly like Marie Antonette 
and in stiff, full-flowered silks with pearls and diamonds the size 
of eggs all over her. And she is the sweetest, most lovable old 
soul in the world, and-so simple. Her husband died just two years 
after they were married. 

"We had a really truly air raid the other night. Killed and 
wounded such a lot of people and did a great deal more of dam- 
age than the papers gave out. I was so thrilled. First they 
sounded the warning and about fifty or sixty French planes went 
up. Then the anti-air guns .started all around Paris and the Ger- 
mans started dropping their bombs. They landed them in every 
part of Paris. One came just a few blocks from us. You can 
tell them from the guns easily. They make a sound like a huge 
crash of thunder with a bright red flare. We saw one plane fall. 
It was such a wonderful sight — all aflame — looked like a huge 
sky rocket going the wrong way. Don't know if it was a French 
or German machine. You could hear the Germans quite plainly, 
their engine makes an entirely different .sound from the French. 
Nerve these devils have — ^the vile beasts. We saw a French 
plane where it had fallen, the morning after — just smashed to 
bits. 

"John Groesbeck came in the other evening. He is so thin. 
Has to work like a Trojan. When I told him I was married he 
said, "Good for you, Betty." 

"My Auto is still on her weary way up from Bordeaux. 



A UTAH WAR ROMANCE. 207 

Heaven only knows when it will arrive. Maybe I will have bet- 
ter luck now. I am married — need it certainly. If I could only 
get to- work I wouldn't feel so blue." 

The thousands of friends of our General Board member, 
Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune and the admirers of this handsome, 
plucky daughter of hers, join in congratulations to the young • 
couple, while we join in earnest prayers for the safety of her 
young and gallant hero-husband. May they win out in war as 
they have in love — and finally win out in life itself here and here- 
after. 



TO MY FOUR LITTLE GIRLS— From Mothe. 
By Mrs. S. M. Woolf. 

Four little girls, yet much that means, 

Or counted for good or ill ; 
Four little girls make sunshine gleam 

Or life with sadness fill. 

Four little girls must do their part, 

And though the days be hard, 
Smilingly keep up brave hearts, 

Asking aid of our dear Lord. 

Mother may not always guide : 

More need then to be strong. 
Trust dear Father, in him confide, 

'Twill keep you from going wrong. 

Bodies are temples, God's sacred gift. 
Beware how you guard them here. 

For each abuse the debt you must lift, 
And the charges are vitally dear. 

If I could only save you from sin,- 

How gladly life would be given. 
O God, keep all four pure within, 

That we may all meet in heaven. 

These lines were written by Mrs. Harriet Stoddard Woolf, 
wife of Bishop S. M. Woolf, of Metropolis, Nevada. She was 
the daughter of Marion L. and Harriet C. Stoddard, and was 
born at Farmington, Utah, July 13, 1888. After her active girl- 
hood and marriage she contracted tuberculosis, and although 
everything possible was done for her she died one year ago, 
leaving four little girls. Just before her death. May 31, 1917, 
she wrote the foregoing lines. 



Home Entertainments. 

Morag. 



A SPRINGTIME FAIR. 

Some of our readers have sent requests for fair suggestions. 
Announce this fair as : 

A SPRING OPENING 

And have every booth arranged to represent some of 
the spring flowers. The violet booth may be decorated 
with violet and white crepe paper, and bunches of pussy- 
willows. Here sell knitted and crochet articles, attendants wear 
gray dresses, and large bouquets of violets. Decorate the fancy- 
work booth with apple blossoms and costume the workers in pink 
and green. The tulip booth is the candy stall, and should be dec- 
orated in red, white and yellow. The garden booth is decorated 
in green ; here may be found potted plants, seeds baskets, and 
garden accessories. Attendants wear white, with flower caps and 
aprons. Miss Columbia's country store should be decorated in the 
national colors. Here sell home-canned fruits and vegetables, 
jams and jellies, also demonstrate various "Hooverized" dishes, 
and distribute recipes, bulletins, etc. 

A dafifodil bed can be arranged over a large packing case 
containing the "grabs." A flower is chosen, at the root of which 
is found the prize. 

HAWAIIAN PARTY. 

The present popularity of Hawaiian music suggested this 
party. The invitations are written on small cards encircled with 
a miniature "lei." Table .decorations should consist of a large 
centerpiece of scarlet and orange paper poppies, with a single 
flower at each cover. These are later worn by guests. The 
menu may be Hawaiian fruit cup (pineapple and banana com- 
bined with cocoanut) ; Sandwich Islands (nut-brown bread with 
stuffed olives) ; coral reefs and seaweed (creamed ham or tongue 
served on toast with chopped parsley or watercress) ; volcanic 
cones (pyramids of vanilla icecream with chocolate sauce and 
rice wafers, or pine apple sherbet may be served with cocoanut 
cookies). 

After luncheon is over have a brief description of the isl- 
ands given or read, with musical selections on the ukelele, or the 
weird Hawaiian music may be played from records. Conclude 
with the popular "Aloha, Farewell to Thee." 



HOME ENTERTAINMENTS. 209 



HOME EVENING. 

For the home evening let us take an imaginary journey 
through the fields and gardens of the Holy Land, and pick a 
boquet of the lilies of the field. Let each member of the family 
search out and read references to almond trees, bullrush, cedar, 
fig, flax, grass, herbs, lilies, myrtle, olives, palm, rose of Sharon, 
vine, etc. Descriptive matter may be found in any Bible concord- 
ance or dictionary. Chapter twelve of Farrar's Life of Christ 
contains a splendid description of Galilee, where Jesus loved to 
be. See also Van Dyke's Out of Doors in the Holy Land. Sing 
"Memories of Galilee," "By Cool Siloam's Shady Rill," "I Think 
when I Read," etc. 

CHURCH ORGANIZATION ANNIVERSARIES. 

April 6 is the birthday anniversary of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints, and should be fittingly celebrated 
throughout all Israel, with songs of joy and gladness, special 
music, and speakers. Many will attend conference, but all should 
join in thanks and gratitude to our heavenly Father on the return 
of the anniversary of this important and auspicious event. The 
city hostess usually finds her home crowded with friends and rel- 
atives from out of town during the first two weeks in April. She 
should prepare for this busy Conference time, some days ahead, by 
doing some extra cooking, and seeing that her larder is well filled, 
the cookey jar replenished, some salad dressing made, a large pan 
of gingerbread or fruit cake baked, have a supply of paper 
napkins to save extra washing. Then, with her bottled fruits and 
vegetables and other canned stuff, with lettuce and fresh fruits, 
meals can be quickly prepared and cleared away, and she can be 
free to accompany her guests to the various gatherings. The 
visitors from out of town should assist their hostess in every way 
possible, by rising early, caring for their own rooms, etc., and 
may even help with the food question, by packing up a hamper 
with a chicken or two, a pound or more of butter, or a few eggs 
or other- delicacies. 

Help each other, hostess and guest, serve simple meals, and 
both will enjoy the conference better, and will receive the full 
amount of pleasure and happiness brought about by the occasional 
visit of congenial friends. 

IN APRIL. 

Smiles and tears, tears and smiles — 
That's April, loveliest month of all the year. 
Then nature 'wakens from her deathlike sleep. 



210 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

The trees burst into leaf, and violets spring 

Around our path. The gently falling showers 

Bring blossoms gay, and ope' the sweet May flowers, 

While songbirds trill on every bush and tree. 

Again is heard the hum of busy bee. 

Oh, happy springtime ! Life is wondrous fair 

In April, loveliest month in all the year. 

Tears and smiles, smiles and tears — 
That's life. The Father wills it. all is well. 
Along its way give smiles for bitter tears, 
Change tears to happy smiles of radiant joy. 
As in that garden in the long ago — 
When Mary's anguish deep, and bitter woe 
Were changed to wondrous joy. Her risen Lord 
Appeared and banished sorrow with a word. 
She knelt in worship, Love cast out all fear, 
'Twas April, loveliest month of all the year. 

Smiles and tears, tears and smiles. 

Life has its April, after nights of pain 

Come days of gladness, sunshine after rain. 

Man is for joy, yet sorrow's beckoning hand 

Oft points the pathway to the better land. 

When storms are raging, let your heart rejoice, 

After the tempest comes the "still small voice :" 

"In days of trouble, on my help depend, 

For I am with you even to the end." 

Life's mission over, Rest. Then glad release 

And resurrections dawn of endless peace. 

Lucy May Green. 

things to remember. 
By Marshall Field. 

The widsom of economy. 
The value of time. 
The success of perseverance, 
The pleasure of working. 
The dignity of simplicity. 
The worth of character. 
The power of kindness. 
The influence of example. 
The obligation of duty. 
The virtue of patience. 
The improvement of talent. 
The joy of originating. 



Unusual Mothers. 

NELLIE KENNER SNOW. 
Of Sanpete Stake. 

MOTHER OF EIGHTEEN CHILDREN. 

The subject of this sketch, Mrs. NelHe Kenner Snow, is the 
mother of eighteen children, thirteen of whom are hving. She 
was born in Utah 51 years ago. Her parents were among the ear- 
ly settlers of Sterling, South Sanpete, Utah. In this small village 
the greater part of Nellie's childhood was spent. She speaks of 
one incident in her early childhood as being of a very tragical 
nature. It was on the afternoon of the Fourth of Jnly, when 
most of the villagers were 
away from town celebrating 
Independence Day, when a 
fire broke out at the home of 
Mr. D. B. Funk, burning his 
wife and child to death. 
Nellie, together with her two 
older sisters, were the first to 
appear on the scene. 

Mrs. Snow was married 
at the age of sixteen to War- 
ren C. Snow, on the 31st 
of October, 1882. On the fol- 
lowing day the young couple 
started for St. George, travel- 
ing by team, for the purpose 
of receiving their endowments 
in the St. George temple. 
They remained there (for a 
short time doing ordinance 
work for the dead. After 
their return they made Ster- 
ling their home until the year 
1892, when Sister Snow, to- 
gether with her husband and seven children, removed to Kingston, 
Piute county, with the intention of improving their condition 
financially in procuring some land for farming purposes. They 
ffiiled. however, in this enterprise, because of their inability to 
secure a proper water title. 

After struggling for two years under trials and difficulties 




MRS. NELLIE KENNER SNOW. 



212 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

which seemed at times very discouraging, they returned to Ster- 
hng and purchased a small lot upon which to build a house which 
might be called their own. Tn addition to this undertaking they 
were endeavoring to earn an honest livelihood for the mainten- 
ance of a large anfl growing family, but were frequently curtailed 
iti their ])rogress through sickness and ill-health. 

In the year 1910, Sister Snow gave birth to a pair of twins, 
which event brought the mother near to death's door, but through 
the mercy of our heavenly Father she recovered and was permitted 
to live and care for her children. When the twins were ten 
months old her husband took sick and died, leaving her and her 
son Eugene to support the family. 

With a new determination to better their conditions, the fam- 
ily left Sterling a second time, and went to Elsinore, but meeting 
with no better success than formerly, came back to Sterling, 
where they continued to reside until last April, when they left 
for Garfield where four of the children, who are married, reside. 

Sister Snow is a member of the Relief Society and has al- 
wavs ma'ntained a firm belief in the gospel and in its ordinances. 
Although having to pass through many bitter experiences, she 
has never lost faith in its principles, but has always felt to re- 
joice in its blessings. 

The issue of this marriage is as follows : 

Edgar Warren, b. Jan. 22, 1883 ; d. 1883. 

Foster Rav. b. Julv 31, 1884. 

James William' b. March 27, 1886. 

Samuel Eugene, b. Jan. 29, 1888. 

Jane LaPriel, b. Apr. 5, 1889. 

Richard Walter, b. July 9, 1891. 

Mau-d, b. Nov. 21, 1892. 

Mary Bell, b. Apr. 6, 1894. 

Merveldeen, b. Nov. 16, 1895. d. Sept. 1896. 

Allen, b. June, 24. 1897. d. 1897. 

Francelle. b. Julv, 20, 1898. 

Byron, b. Oct. 26, 1900. 

Ariel, b. Aug. 20, 1902. d. Fel). 1005. 

Celnicha. b. Aug. 4, 1904. 

Lucile, b. Mav 11. 1906. 

Charles, b. Aug. 12, 1908. d. Oct. 1908. 

Ellis and Ethel b. Feb. 9, 1910. 



UNUSUAL MOTHERS. 



213 



EMMA ADELLA WOOD TOLMAN. 
Of South Davis Stake. 

MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mrs. Emma Adella Wood Tolman w^as born in Bountiful, 
Davis county, Utah, January 31, 1852. She was the daughter of 
Daniel C. Wood and Laury Ann Giles Wood, and was sealed to 
Joseph H. Tolman in the Endowment House, in the year 1870, 
February 27. She is the mother of 17 children, has 59 grand- 
children and 10 great-grandchildren. 

Sister' Tolman has been a faithful wife and mother, and an 
energetic worker in the Relief Society all her life, comforting the 
sick and helping the needy. As a child she played on the foun- 
dation of the Salt Lake temple, and acDmpanied her mother 
when she went to meet Saints as they came into the valley with 




MRS. MARY A. WOOD TOLMAN AND HER YOUNGEST SON, 



214 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



the hand carts. She has been a blessing and comfort to all who 
have known her and is loved by all. 

The photograph is of Sister Tolman and her youngest ,son, 
and gives a fair idea of her genial countenance, but no lifeless 
card can indicate the vivacious charm, the winsome dignity of 
this unusual mother in Israel. 

FANNIE JOHNSON CALDWELL. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 




Mrs. Fannie Johnson 
Caldwell was married to Da- 
vid H. Caldwell, at Taylors- 
ville. Salt Lake county, in 
1855. at the age of fifteen. 

She is the mother of six- 
teen children — nine girls and 
seven Ijoys. She has ninety- 
eight grandchildren and sev- 
en t y - o n e great-grandchil- 
(Ven. 

Sister Caldwell was couit- 
selor in the Relief Society in 
St. John, Tooele county, for 
ten years. She was also pres- 
ident of the Caldwell Relief 
Society for ten years. 

She was seventy-seven 
years old on Nov. 24, 1917, 
and has perfect health. 

MRS. FANNIE JOHNSON CALDWELL. 

ANNIE B. HANSEN. 
Of Cassia Stake. 

MOTHER OF EIGHTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mrs. Annie B. Hansen was born in Los Angeles, California, 
June 20. 1877. She was married to Andrew Hansen, October 
29. 1893. She was baptized into the Church August 2, 1895, and 
is the mother of eighteen children — ten girls and eight boys — 
fourteen living and four dead. The oldest boy is in the Aviation 
Corps. 

Sister Hansen is a teacher in the Buhl Relief Society, and 
travels a distance of twenty miles each month to visit her dis- 
trict. She still keeps up with her Relief Society work, besides 
taking care of her family and doing farm work. What a glorious 
career is this for any woman! Honors are hers here and here 
after. 



War Economy in Clothes. 

Mrs. Lillian H. Cannon. 

DARNS AND PATCHES. 

My grandmother often said to me when I asked her for new 
clothes, "My dear, you should take care of what you have." I 
am sure by the way she shook her head that her New England 
sense of thrift was shocked when we discarded clothing before 
it was completely worn out. 

Darns and patches, if put in deftly, add many days' wear to 
clothes. 

Darns in Silks and Woollen Materials. 

Baste like materials smoothly to the wrong side of the tear 
or worn out place. Turn to the right side of goods. Do not cut 
ofif frayed edges. With ravellings of material darn as in darning 
stockings, taking small stitches and catching in frayed edges. 
Let the darn extend some distance beyond the edges of the hole. 
When the patch is darned on the material, remove bastings, place 
a damp cloth on the right side of the patch and press with an iron 
not too hot. Remove the cloth and note the excellence of your 
handiwork. 

Gingham and Percales. 

Trim the hole, making a rectangle. Turn its edges toward 
the back one-half inch and crease. Take a piece of like material 
containing the exact pattern that has been cut out and one-half 
inch larger all the way around. Turn its edges one-half inch 
towards the wrong side on all edges and crease. Overcast the 
patch to the hole on the wrong side making the pattern match as 
you sew. Press seams open on the wrong side. One thrifty 
housewife tacks pieces of her ginghams together and washes 
them regularly for patches. They fade as the clothes do. 

White Cotton Material. 

Baste patch to the wrong side of the hole. Turn under 
tiXgo. of hole and overcast to the patch .on the right side. Turn 
under o^^ge of the patch and overcast to the material on the wrong 
side. Use fine thread, make small stitches and as narrow a fell 
as the material will permit. Press on the right side. This 
method may be employed with table linen, but if the linen is 
heavy the darn is better, using fine thread. 

The sewing machine may be used for darning heavy, white 
material, sewing back and forth, but hand darning is neater. For 



IVAR ECONOMY IN CLOTHES. 217 

sheer material as in waists and dresses employ the darn as sug- 
gested for woolen materials, using fine white thread (No. 200) 
instead of ravellings. 

Lace and Net. 

Baste like material on the wrong side of the tear. Cut out 
worn part, avoiding 'straight edges, zig-zag edges are not so 
noticeable. With very fine thread whip edges to patch on the 
right and wrong side. The patch should have zig-zag edges on 
the back. Press with hot iron. For net curtains, dip piece of 
net in hot starch, place on back of the hole. Press with a hot 
iron. The patch will ,stay until the curtain is washed again. 

Stockings. 

Darning cotton fades in the washing. Woolen yarn keeps 
its color. Saxony wool is the best. For darning fine stockings 
split the yarn ; for boys' heavy stockings or socks double it. To 
add to the wearing properties of the stockings, take them when 
they are new, place patches of like material to the wrong .side of 
the knees, heels, and toes and catstitch smoothly to position. 

Underzvear. 

Underwear may be darned as stockings are darned, using 
white darning cotton or yarn. It may be patched with like mate- 
rial, using the felled seam as in white cotton material. The legs 
of children's underclothing may be cut off and legs made from 
the good parts of discarded underwear sewed on, using the sew- 
ing machine and stretching the knit goods as it is being sewed. 

The Bottom of Skirts. 

When skirts are frayed at the bottom, unpick hem, turn it 
one-half inch under and sew to position. Sew new skirt braid 
to the wrong side of the hem, having it come to the bottom of 
the skirt. Do this before the bottom of the skirt is badly worn. 

Lining of Jackets and Coats. 

Patch the lining. If it is beyond patching, remove it, pick 
it to pieces and use it as a pattern for a new lining. Sew by hand 
to the coat, using the blind stitch. A good coat or jacket will 
outwear two linings. 

Rubbers. 

A tear in a rubber may be mended with surgeon's adhesive 
plaster. Hold edges of the tear together, stick plaster to the 
tear on the inside of the rubber. Children's rubbers may be 
mended by putting a patch of the plaster on the outside of the 
hole and blacking the patch. Hot water bags may be mended 
with the plaster. 



je 



Gcmh/^gf^?^' 




By Clarissa S. Williams. 

Saving the Babies. Not the least important work of the 
Woman's Committee of the Conncil of Defense will he the edu- 
cational efforts to prevent infant mortality. Miss Julia Lathrop, 
Chief of the Child's Welfare Bureau, in Washington, has issued 
a call for the Woman's Committee of Defense to make the coming 
year the Children's Year, and April 6, the day that is so important 
and precious to the Latter-day Saints, is the day on which this 
campaign will be inaugurated. Miss Lathrop gives the statistics 
of the states, the population under five years, and the quota of 
lives which must be saved, if possible ; or in other words, the 
proportion of children who die annually under that age in each 
state. In glancing over the statistics we discover that Utah has 
as low a proportion of deaths among the children as any other 
state in the Union except Nevada. Utah has 52,698 children 
under five years of age, with an average of 496 deaths a year 
among them. Her proportion of children is also relatively greater 
than any of the other states, which was to be expected from a 
jx'ople who believe sacredly in bringing children into the world, 
under marriage vows, as the God of Nature intended, without let 
or hindrance. None the less, we may well make active propa- 
ganda of any efifort which will save the lives of our beloved 
children in the State of Utah, and we will. 

War Biitton. And now the Woman's Committee of the 
Council of National Defense is going to have a war button, de- 
signed especially for this use. There are already Red Cross but- 
tons. Liberty Loan buttons. Food Administration buttons, and a 
second Liberty Loan button ; yet this is the first time that a button 
designed for women only has been suggested. No doubt, it will 
prove an incentive to the women, while it will make a charming 
relic for the descendants of those who have given active service 
in the country's defense. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw is the founder 
of the Council and will prepare the button. 

Letter to Allies. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw and Mrs. Wilson, 
the President's wife, have joined in an open letter to the women 
of the allied countries, expressing sympathy and hearty co-opera- 
tion in the .strain and pressure that are upon the homes of every 
nation fighting for the defense of honor and liberty. 



PATRIOTIC DEPARTMENT. 219 

Defense Council of Utah. Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams has 
now completed her g-eneral committee and. appointed a delegate 
to the National League for service in Chicago. Mrs. Edward 
Bichssel, first vice president ; Mrs. J. William Knight, second vice 
president ; Mrs. R. E. L. Collier, third vice president ; Miss Elsa 
Bamberger, secretary; Mrs. Thomas Kearns, Mrs. Franklin S. 
Richards, Mrs. E. B. Critchlow, Mrs. W. Worthington, Mrs. F. 
Eugene Morris, and Mrs. Thomas D. Dee of Ogden. 

New members appointed by Mrs. John A. Widtsoe, who is 
State Chairman of Education, are Mrs. M. K. Parsons, Miss 
Mary T. Connelly, Mrs. William Moebest, and Mrs. T. W. Naylor. 

Mrs. Williams has announced that the majority of the county 
chairmen have their work so well organized that by using the 
telephone any new war work can be started in one-half an hour. 

The Red Cross in France. What the American Red Cross is 
doing to help keep up the morale of the French people is briefly 
but vividly described in a cable, just received from Maj. James 
H. Perkins, the American Red Cross Commissioner to Europe. 
The cable contains a review of the progress of the Civilian Relief 
work in France since the first of the year. It shows how effec- 
tively American generosity is being applied to the task of carmg 
for the French refugees and repatries, of rehabilitating maimed 
and crippled and of ministering to the victims of tuberculosis and 
other diseases contracted in war. 

According to Major Perkins, the American Red Cross has 
established nine civilian hospitals, with a total capacity of 974 
teds, 36 .dispensaries and dispensary stations. Fifty-one delegates 
and assistants are helping to re-establish in French homes the 
600 or more repatries who flow into France daily from the occu- 
pied areas of France and Belgium. 

In six districts which cover the devastated areas, warehouses 
have been established from which clothing, tools and food are 
distributed to the returning population. This does not include 
the American Friends' Unit, which has 140 members, at twelve 
stations, working under Red Cross direction ; or the Smith College 
Unit, which has seventeen members at Grecourt who are now a 
part of the Red Cross. 

Thirty-one new centers of direct work were established in 
January, and the staff was increased by 86 persons. Two new 
hospitals and eight new dispensaries were opened ; 21 repatriate 
delegates were sent ; one new district was added to the devastated 
area ; and a farm of 500 acres near Tours was obtained for agri- 
cuttural re-education of cripples. Medical examination was given 
to 17,827 civilians, chiefly children, including the 11,402 repatriate 
children examined at Evain. Medical care in hospitals was given 
to 978. Hospital relief was given weekly to 800 tuberculosis 



220 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

patients in Paris. Instruments, food, clothing and books valued 
at 202.517 francs were distributed to fifty-four hospitals outside 
of Paris. One hundred and seventy-five families were re-housed 
in Paris. 

Articles distributed to refugees and shipped to devastated 
areas include 43,978 articles of clothing, 11,902 pairs of shoes, 748 
articles of furniture, 7.700 pounds of foodstuflfs. 43,994 articles 
of bedding, 26,406 vards of cloth. 8.-I48 articles unclassifiable. 



SURNAME BOOK. 

It is hoped that the Sunmvie Book w'ill be ready at Confer- 
ence time or shortly thereafter. The book will contain many 
maps, tables, and illustrative pedigrees, with much new matter. 
The index will include most of the surnames in the Church, the 
majority of these with definitions of their meanings and origin. 
The edition is necessarily small, but enough will be printed to 
allow each ward one book, yet not more than two to a ward. Price, 
$2.00. Stake presidents will do well to bring orders to confer- 
ence with them, as it will be first come, first served. 



APRIL RELIEF SOCIETY CONFERENCE 

The annual Conference of the Relief Society of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints will be held Wednesday and 
Thursday, April 3rd and 4th, 1918. 

On Wednesday, April 3rd, two officers' meetings will be 
held, at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m., in the Auditorium, fourth floor 
Bishop's building. The officers' meetings wmII be limited to 
stake officers, stake board members and stake representatives. 

On Wednesday evening at 8 o'clock an important meeting 
will be held in the Auditorium of the Bishop's building under 
the direction of the Home Economics Department. 

On Thursday, April 4th. two general sessions will be held 
in the Salt Lake Assembly Hall, at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m. All 
officers and Relief Society members are invited to be in attend- 
ance. 

Emmeline B. Wells, 
Cl.\riss.\ S. W^illl\ms, 
JuLiN.\ L. Smith, 

Presidency. 



Current Topics. 

By James H. Anderson. 

An earthquake in northern Japan in February took a toll 
of over 3,000 lives. 



Floods did great damage to life and property in China dur- 
ing February. 



Fifty-two babes lost their lives in a fire at a children's home 
at Grey's nunnery, Montreal, Canada, in Februarv-. 



The passenger ship Floi-icel was wrecked in a storm off 
Cape Race, N. S., in February, with a loss of ninety-two lives. 



British air raids, in rerpisal for German air raids over 
England, caused much damage in Germany during February. 



Mexico has confiscated the holdings of the "Mormon" col- 
onists in Chih\iahua ; and the Mexican troubles are not ended yet. 



Calvin Smith, son of President Joseph F. Smith, is now a 
U. S. army chaplain with the troops at American Lake, Wash- 
ino'ton. 



A branch railway, from Lynnhyl, through Fillmore and 
Meadow, to Kanosh, Utah, is promised to be under construction 
by May first. 



Aviator mail service between New York and Philadelphia 
was agreed on by the government postofifice department, to com- 
mence in March. 



Russian soldiers' and workmen's delegates acceded to the 
German peace terms, but Russia's disintegration as a world-power 
goes steadily on. 



The American embassy found it necessary to remove from 
Petrograd the last of February, owing to the German advance 
toward the Russian capital. 



Distillation of oil from shale is being developed ex- 
tensively in Utah, and those engaged in the work predict that it 
will be an economic success. 



222 RELIEF SOCtETY MAGAZINE. 

Three bomrs were found during February, in the German 
prisoners' quarters at Fort Douglas, Salt Lake City, evidently to 
be used in an attempt to escape. 



Pneumonic plague, one of the most dangerous and diffi- 
cult of known diseases to cope with, has broken out in northern 
China, and claims hosts of victims. 



One delivery a day has been adopted as a rule by the big mer- 
chants in Salt Lake City and Ogden. This will mean a con- 
siderable saving to the merchants. 



Peace talk is still freely indulged in by many American 
newspapers. Yet there can be no real peace until the menace of 
German militarism actually is removed. 



American troops in France were heavily "gassed" in a 
German attack on February 27, resulting in several deaths, and 
much suffering by fifty or sixty soldiers. 



Russia, as a new kingdom under Alexandra, the mother of 
the late czar, is said to be the German aim for that country. This 
would give great assistance to the Teutonic powers. 



Seven Indians were arrested in Tooele county, in February, 
for opposing the draft registration among their people. The U. 
S. marshal had a company of troops from Fort Douglas to effect 
the arrest. 



A NEW government loan is scheduled for April, and the 
Red Cross will want another billion dollars in May ; so there will 
be plenty of retrenchment necessary in order to raise needed 
funds for the war. 



Waste of money in government shipbuilding affairs in the 
United States has been uncovered to a very great extent by con- 
gressional investigation. The results show that the inquiry was 
not started too early. 



Four American sentries on the battle line in France fell 
asleep at their posts during February, and were sentenced to 
death. Their cases have been referred to the war department 
at Washington for final disposal. 

The browning rifle — invention of J. M. Browning of Og- 
den, Utah— was tested thoroughly at trial grounds near Wash- 



CURRENT TOPICS. 223 

ington, D. C, on February 27, and is declared by military men to 
be "the finest weapon in the world." 



Japan now finds it necessary to enter Siberia to prevent great 
military supplies, furnished by America and her allies, falling 
into the German hands. Thus the Jap has his opportunity for a 
long-desired continental empire in Asia. 

France, Great Britain and Germany are all short of food, 
but the Germans have secured a new supply from Russia. The 
neutral nations of Europe seem to be little, if any, better off for 
food thgin are the nations that are at war. 



At Jerusalem, one of the fatalities during the British at- 
tack was that of Aleck Cushion, of Suffolk, England, a young 
"Mormon" in the British army, who was killed by Turkish fire 
while his regiment was storming a Turkish position. 



Jericho, in Palestine, was taken by British forces on Febru- 
ary 25. The Australian troops are said to have been the first to 
reach and cross the Jordan. The British now have a firm line 
across Palestine from the Dead Sea to the Mediterranean. 



President Wilson had to interfere, and put an end to the 
ship carpenter's strike on the Atlantic seaboard, in February, as 
it threatened the government shipbuilding operations. Common 
ship carpenters demand from $7.00 to $9.00 a day for eight hours 
work. 



Wheat prices for 1918 have been fixed by President Wilson 
at $2.20 per bushel in Chicago. Yet farmers must pay from 
$4.00 to $7.00 a day for common farm labor. Looks like the 
war prices hit the farmers worse than any other class of indi- 
viduals. 



Gospel preaching to the nations generally, by "Mormon" 
missionaries, has come nearly to a standstill for the time being, 
through the great war; but among American and British troops 
there is a great number of young "Mormons" who also are valiant 
soldiers of the Cross. 



Flour used by bakeries for bread is required by the U. S. 
food administration to be mixed with 20 per cent of wheat sub- 
stitutes. It is a serious question with dietists whether such a 
mixture in the same loaf is not injurious to health, especially 
for growing children. 




PRESIDENT EMMELINE B. WELLS LIGHTING THE NINETY CANDLES 
ON HER BIRTHDAY CAKE. 




By Amy Brown Lyman, General Secretary. 

President Emmeline B. Wells Reaches Her Ninetieth Birthday. 

On February 28, 1918, President Emmeline B. Wells was 
ninety years old. Born in 1828, Mrs. Wells has been a witness 
of the greatest century since time began. In spite of her many 
years, Mrs. Wells was on this day well in body, bright in mind, 
and received her loved ones in her happiest mood. 

At 12 :30 o'clock a luncheon was served in honor of President 
Wells in the President's suite in the Hotel Utah, by the individual 
members of the General Board. Mrs. Wells' two daughters, Mrs. 
Isabel Sears and Mrs. Annie Wells Cannon, and her two old 
friends, Mrs. Susan Wells and Mrs. Susan Smith, were special 
guests of the occasion. Mrs. Williams acted as toast-mistress and 
ninety events in the life of Mrs. Wells were reviewed by the 
Board members. For each event a lighted candle was placed upon 
the birthday cake. The rooms were filled with flowers, gifts from 
numerous friends. 

A musical was held in the early afternoon hours and was 
followed by a reception from 4 to 7 p. m., when hundreds of 
friends called to pay their respects to this much beloved woman. 

In addition to the many floral gifts, telegrams and letters 
from all over the country were recieved by Mrs. Wells. Among 
them were messages of greeting from President Joseph F. Smith, 
and Bishop C. W. Nibley (who were both in California), Senator 
Reed Smoot, Colonel Richard W. Young and Major and Mrs. 
Woods. 

A moving picture was taken on the occasion, which will be 
very interesting to Relief Society workers and all admirers of 
President Emmeline B. Wells. 

Social Work. 

The Social Advisory Committee of the Church, which is com- 
posed of representatives from each of the six General Boards, and 
which is under the chairmanship of Elder Stephen L. Richards, is 
compiling the data received from the various stakes in answer to 
questionaires on social work sent out some time ago by each of 
the General Boards, under the direction of the Committee. The 
data received from each stake, through the six auxiliary organi- 
zations of the stake, gives the Committee a very good idea of the 



226 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

exact conditions existing. Some stake organizations have not been 
heard from. It is to be regretted that Stake Relief Societies have 
not all reported. 

War Cook Book. 

A neat, little cook book was recently published by the Red 
Cross Relief Society Auxiliary of Provo, Utah. The idea of ar- 
ranging a War Time Cook Book originated with Mrs. Jennie 
Knight Mangum. a member of the Home Economics Committee 
of the Utah Stake Relief Society, for the purpose of raising funds 
for the Provo Chapter of the Red Cross. In arranging the cook 
book, the committee was assisted very materially by the Govern- 
ment Demonstrating Agent, Miss Josephine Burton, who is 
largely responsible for the contents of the book. In getting out 
this book, the idea was to use recipes which would be in accord- 
ance with the Government ideas on Food Conservation. Many 
substitutes are being recommended today, for certain foods. In 
working these out it is often found that the substitutes are more 
expensive than the food itself. Therefore, the Committee used 
only recipes which were economical, which had been thoroughly 
tested, and which conformed to the regidations of the United 
States Food Commission. 

Advertisements were solicited from business men, which 
practically covered the expense of publishing the book. The 
books were sold for 25c each, and the Committee cleared $700. 
There are now 2.000 of these books in circulation in Provo and 
vicinity. With the amount raised by the sale of these books and 
collected on Tag Day, when menus were sold for tags, the Home 
Economics Committee raised over $1,000. With this money bed 
linen was purchased for the Provo Chapter of the Red Cross, the 
Committe itself assisting in arranging and packing the boxes. 

The War Cook Book has been highly recommended by Mr. 
Herbert Hoover, United States Food Administrator, Mr. John W. 
Morey, Manager Mountain Division of the Red Cross, and by 
Mr. W. W. Armstrong, Federal Food Administrator of Utah. 

It it expected that a second addition of this book will soon 
be published, and we cordially recommend it to all our R. S. 
members. Address : Pres. Inez Knight Allen, Provo, Utah. 

REORGANIZATIONS. 

Utah Stake. 

The Utah Stake Relief Society was reorganized on the first 
of February, 1918. President Martha A. F. Keeler was honor- 
ably released from the position of Stake President on account of 
the work being too strenuous for her present physical strength. 

The new stake officers are : president, Mrs. Inez Knight 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 227 

x\llen, counselors. Mrs. Annie D. Palmer and j\Irs. Ina Gee Hod- 
son. ]Mrs. Allen has, for a number of years, been first counselor 
to Mrs. Keeler, where she has received valuable experience and 
training. Her deeply religious nature, with her education and 
broad experience as a traveler, both at home and abroad, have 
particularly fitted her for the new position to which she has been 
called. ]\Irs. Palmer is also a woman with a trained mind and 
wide experience and has had as well special training as a social 
worker. Her faith and intelligence will make her a valuable 
counselor to Mrs. Allen. Mrs. Ina Gee Hodson, who is a grand 
niece of the Prophet Joseph Smith and who possess vigor and 
activity, will fit admirably into her new position. 

St. Joseph Stake. 

The Relief Society of the St. Joseph Stake was reorganized 
early in January. Mrs. Sarah B. Moody, who had been president 
for less than a year and who had made an enviable record during 
that time, found it necessary to resign from her position because 
of change of residence. ISIrs. ^Moody's husband was appointed 
Superintendent of the Industrial School of Arizona, at Ft. Grant, 
Arizona, and Mrs. Moody was made Supervisory Matron to the 
Girls' Department. 

The friends of Air. and Airs. Aloody feel that the State of 
Arizona is to be congratulated on having, at the head of this 
school, a man and woman ,so capable as Mr. and Mrs. Moody. 
The best wishes of the General Board go to Mrs. Moody in her 
new calling, and it is to be hoped that some time in the future 
she will be able to again take up active work among the officers 
of the Relief Society. 

The new officers chosen for the St. Joseph Stake Relief So- 
ciety are : president, Airs. Josephine C. Kimball ; counselors, Mrs. 
Inez H. Lee and Airs. Adelia Tyler ; secretary, Airs. Hattie A. 
Tenney; treasurer, Airs. Emma R. Haywood. Mrs. Kimball has 
had a broad experience in Relief Society work. She was formerly 
stake secretary of the Relief Society and was, at the time of her 
appointement as president, first counselor to Airs. Aloody. She 
is capable and efficient, and will undoubtedly carry forward the 
work of her Stake with credit, both to the organization and to 
herself. 




Jancttc A. Hyde. 

Last season we were blessed with an over-abundance of 
fruit. Thousands of quarts of small fruits spoiled on bushes and 
trees for the want of organized help — both for picking and car- 
ing for the same. Tons of apples suffered the same fate, and 
for the same reason, and we watched the waste with helpless 
hands and sorrowful regrets at our utter incapacity to cope with 
the situation. 

A definite form of organization in community service cen- 
ters suggests itself very properly at this time in order that we 
may be better prepared for the coming season's work. It is too 
late to organize when the fruit crop is ripened and ready for dis- 
tribution, as the time spent in securing help is lost while such 
time could be spent in the gathering and caring of the fruit at 
the season when nature calls to us for assistance. 

Let us consider for a minute ; a community center could 
be made out of Relief Society hall where from ten to fifteen 
small children could be supervised by one competent woman, thus 
releasing the mothers and older children in the home, for active 
service in the gardens where so much depends upon expert hands 
and quick action during the time of the rush season. Women 
and girls could be organized into help groups, automobiles and 
vehicles could be furnished by patriotic citizens to transport the 
pickers to and from the orchards, providing organizations had 
been previously called together and selected for these purposes 
before the time for action was necessary. We suggest such an 
organization to our Home Science departments. 

In many instances during the past season, we found, after 
fruitless efforts to secure help, that much assistance would have 
been rendered by people who would have been glad to help had 
they known of the community's need, and just how to get at it. 

The State committee were offered one orchard of peaches, 
another of cherries, one of gooseberries and currants ; yet in all, 
possibly 200 quarts of small fruit and ten or fifteen bushels of 
the large fruit was all that we were able to pick and care for. 
Cannot something be done this coming season to prevent the 
recurrence of last year's fruit waste? 

Many women complained of the fruit jar situation, claim- 
ing that the merchants could not procure enough fruit jars and 



HOME SCIENCE DEPARTMENT. 229. 

lids ; then, too, we had the sugar famine to face. In some places 
there were plenty of ajrs and sugar but there was no fruit, and in 
others insufficient help for putting up the fruits they had on 
hand. 

^ Last season we suggested the use of the pressure cooker, 
as it both expedites and makes secure the bottling of fruit and 
vegetables, and we hope that our sisters this coming season will 
giver ^ the pressure cooker which was placed upon the market 
last year a fair trial. It requires much less heat and time than 
the old-fashioned open kettle method. While the fruit is being 
packed into the jars, boiling water can be put into the pressure 
cooker, and made ready to receive the fruit, the whole sealed 
and cooked in ten or fifteen minutes without further waste or 
trouble. The fruit put up in the pressure cooker retains its flavor 
and color, and is much less liable to fermentation than fruit put 
up in the old-fashioned way. 

We add pressure cooker recipes which have been thoroughly 
tested and found practicable. The pressure cooker may be used 
to great advantage in the kitchen for every day service. It is a 
coal and heat saver as well as rendering tough and cheaper cuts 
of meat very palatable and tender in an incredibly short time. 

MEAT IN PRESSURE COOKER. 

Place fresh meat, beef, mutton, chicken or fish in inner ket- 
tle, season well with salt and pepper, and add a teacupful of 
boiling water and let it come to a boil on the stove. Put 
boiling kettle inside of pressure cooker, to the depth of 
about two inches. Cover with lid, screw on top,, and 
steam for one hour. It renders the toughest meat absolutely 
tender and palatable. A whole meat and vegetable dinner may 
be cooked in the pressure cooker at the same time, by placing the 
various articles in quart jars. Put in your meat first, and cook 
for one-half hour. Open the pressure cooker, insert a two quart 
jar of cabbage, another containing potatoes, still another with 
carrots, beets or any other vegetable. Season, screw on the lids, 
fasten up the pressure cooker, and steam for fifteen minutes. 
You will find all done and ready to serve at the same time. 

PUDDING IN COOKER. 

Custard puddings, steamed rice, steamed prunes, dried apples 
and peaches, are very delicious when cooked in the pressure 
cooker. 

At Relief Society banquets or entertainments, the meat or 
chicken could be placed in the pressure cooker, served smoking 
hot, and with very little trouble. 

Any foods ordinarily steamed are more delicious when pre- 
pared in the pressure cooker than in any other way. 



230 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Filling the Canncv: Place about two inches of water in the 
canner, and have it nearly to boiling point ; the water should not 
come above the crate holding' the jars. The jars will be warm, 
since boiling water is used to fill them. Clamp the canner firmly 
and place over heat. Steam should generate at the rate of five 
minutes to five pounds pressure. If for any reason the stove is 
not in good condition and there is delay in getting up pressure, 
reduce the time of processing. If the water was boiling, cooking 
begins as soon as the cooker is clamped down. 

To Prevent Escape of Water and Juices: Screw cover of 
bottles almost tight, allowing about an inch to turn after bottles 
are removed from canner. Keep the pressure constant. When it 
raises and lowers, a vacuum is created, causing the liquid to con- 
dense and escape as steam. When the processing is finished, re- 
move cooker from heat, and allow pointer to drop to zero without 
opening the stop cock or touching the weight. 

Jelly Making: Apple jelly made under steam pressure as 
compared with open kettle method. 

First Test. Steam Pressure: One gallon red Astrachan 
apples, two quarts of water, brought to boiling point, canner 
closed, pressure raised to ten pounds, lowered at once. 10 2-3 
cups of juice, 10/4 glasses of jelly. 

Second Test. Steam Pressure: Same method and amounts 
of material used. Final result, 12 glasses of jelly. 

Open Kettle Methods: Same amount of material used, 
cooked to pieces. Kettle fitted tightly ; 7 cups of juice, 7 cups of 
jelly. 

Do not put the canner away after the season for vegetables 
and fruits is over, but use it in the bottling of meats, and the 
making and bottling of &oup stocks. When there is some public 
function, at which food in quantity is to be served, use the canner. 
The food may be placed in a dish and set in the crate, or, if a 
covered receptacle is used, the crate may be removed and the pan 
set in the water. Do not use more than two inches of water, 
and have it boiling hot. 

EXCHANGE BUREAU. 

The Home Economics Department ha^ tried out the Mexican 
Pinto bean, which was raised so abundantly in the state during the 
past season, and find the bean equal in flavor and nutritive value 
to any other bean on the market. We hope the .sisters will put 
aside their prejudice, and give the Pinto bean a fair trial. 

Brother Francis Kirkham, of Lehi, Utah, has several hun- 
dred pounds of Pinto beans which he would like to dispose of ; 
also Brother Frank Welling, of Garland, Utah. Those desiring 
to purchase the Mexican Pinto bean would do well to consult 
these brethren. 



EDITORIAL 



Entered as second-clasi matter at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Motto — Charity Never Faileth 

THE GEMERAL BOARD 

Mm. Emmeline B. Whlls ••• Pr"ident 

Mks. Cla«issa S. Williams ••F>"t Couniclor 

Mrs. Julina L. Smith Second Counselor 

Mks. Amy Brown I^yman General becretary 

LiRi. Sosa Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Emma A. Empey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Priscilla P. Jennings Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mrs. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Janette A. Hyde 

Mrs. Tulia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Rebecca Niebaur Nibley Miss Sarah Eddington 
Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Lillian Cameron 

Mrs. Ida S. Dusenberry Miss Edna May Davis 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 

Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

E(]itor Sdsa Young GatkS 

Businesi 'Manager '.*.' Janette A Hyde 

Assistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Vol. V. APRIL, 1918. No. 4 



DEMOCRACY MUST BE AL\DE SAFE FOR THE WORLD. 

Much attention has been given to the well- 
The World turned phrase "The world must be made 

and De- safe for democracy." Yet the counter 

mocracy. phrase carries with it a deeper meaning, a 

more far-reaching suggestion : ''Democracy 
must be made safe for the world." Men airily assume that a 
world can be redeemed through the operation of a republican 
form of government. They speculate learnedly on the efifect 
of this form of democracy, that mode of socialism. When I 
read their groping attempts to solve the riddle of the universe 
with a political panacea. I am reminded of a tiny niece of mine 
who loved to sit on her grandfather's knee in the soft summer 
twilight. "Don't you hear the frogs talk, Lucy?" asked her 
anxious grandmother. "They're saying, 'Go to bed, Lucy, go 
to bed, go to bed.' " "Let them talk," calmly responded the 
three-year-old. 

Christian Scientists, New Thought people. 
The World and divers sincere yet mistaken essayists 

and Love. and preachers tell us that "Love, just love" 

will bring about fhe world's reformation and 
redemption. Others build great schools, endow research col- 



232 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

leges ; while the cry of "save the babies" echoes through the 
land. Love, democracy, education of the masses, slum-settle- 
ments, control of the w^ill, "war and kultur," all these various 
schemes are put forth, cried aloud in the market-place and 
finally fought for and died for. Will it all, or any of it, avail? 
It has not availed — any nor all of these ideals, — so far in the 
world's history, although tried honestly, and sincerely. What 
then? 

Make democracy safe for the world by 
The Only preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ, and 

Safe Gov- teaching men to obey its laws and precepts, 

ernment. All forms of government not founded and 

carried forward through the inspiration of 
God will crumble and perish. They have, they will. Love 
will do much, most of all to redeem the world — but love is a 
law and its functions and expressions must be governed by 
law. .or it sinks to the level of blind instinct or unreasoning 
passion. Education? Civilization? When have either pre- 
served a nation or a people who associated these great forces 
with internal corruption and shameless vice? Answer, his- 
torian. 

Then would you say that only a handful of 
Straight is i)eople away off in the Rocky Mountains, 

the Gate hated and feared as they are by the rest of 

and Narrow the world — are these "Mormons," then, the 

the Way. only people who possess the key of the 

world riddle? Can only they make democ- 
racy safe for the world? Oh, narrow, bigoted assumption, you 
mav reply. Yet, not I, but Christ it was who said "Straight 
is the gate and narrow the way;" and further, "few there be 
that find it." The way is open to all, the key hangs invitingly 
out of Father's welcoming door. No man will make this 
world safe for democracy, nor democracy safe for this world. 
That is the task, the burden laid upon Christ's shoulders. 
And he holds the key — the key of the priesthood after His own 
order, to administer in the ordinances of His House. Come, 
buy and partake! Get oil in your lamps! Have you lamps? 
Thev are free to all who stretch forth the hand and who are 
willing to pay the price. Ah, the price! 

CORRECTION. 

. The poem in the January number accredited to Annie D. 
Palmer was written by Mrs. Euphrasia Cox Day. Will our contrib- 
utors kindly sign every contribution sent in and address all such 
letters to the Editor? 



Guide Lessons. 

LESSON I. 

Theology and Testimony. 

First Week in May. 
BOOK OF MORMON LESSON. 

A LAND OF PROMISE. 

"And the Lord would not suffer that they should stop beyoml 
the sea in the wilderness, but he would that they should come 
forth even unto the land of promise, which was choice above all 
other lands, which the Lord God had preserved for a righteous 
people" (Ether 2:7). 

"And inasmuch as ye shall keep my commandments, ye shall 
prosper, and shall be led to a land of promise ; yea, even a land 
which I have prepared for you ; yea, a land which is choice above 
all other lands" (I Nephi 2:20). 

From the very beg-inning. no doubt, God designed that th:s 
land should be a land of promise to those who dwell thereon. It 
could only fail when peoples came under condemnation, as did 
the Lamanites. 

From the midst of turmoil and unrighteousness, such as 
icharacterized the building and the builders of the Tower of Babel 
Jared and his brother came forth. From a heaven-condemned 
city, Lehi and his company found safety beyond the sea ; for this 
land not only saved them from impending woes, left behind, but 
it yielded of its riches, and of a truth became a land of promise 
unto them. 

Students of the Book of Mormon have marveled that in so 
short a time, with so small a beginning, peoples should have 
grown to be so mighty and so prosperous. The native richness 
of this land, once Earth's Eden, no doubt, had much to do with 
that result. 

Again we learn from the Book of Mormon that in due course 
of time, multitudes of the Gentiles should come to this land, unto 
whom it should be a land of promise. 

America has from the first symbolized gold ; the tons of gold 
used to embellish the ceiling of one of the churches of Rome is 
eloquent testimony of the fact that the Spaniards found gold here. 
After the coming of the men who sought for treasure, came those 



234 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

who sought religious and poHtical freedom. Both found in time 
the thing they were in quest of; so that, from the beginning 
America has given those things that do support both the body and 
the spirit. 

Before the discovery of America by Cohimbus very Httle was 
known of the new world. To be sure, the ancients possessed 
some maps that go to show that they knew of the existence of 
America, but the middle ages appear to have lost this knowledge. 
Let us turn for a few moments to some of the passages in the 
Book of Mormon that relate to the Gentiles and this land. 

"And it came to pass that I beheld many multitudes of the 
Gentiles upon the land of promise; and I beheld the wrath of 
God» that it was upon the seed of my brethren : and they were 
scattered before the Gentiles and were smitten" (I Nephi 13:14). 

"Behold, this land, saith God, shall be a land of thine in- 
heritance, and the Gentiles shall be blessed upon the land" (II 
Nephi 10:10). 

In considering this land as it affects the Gentiles, we have a 
flood-tide of material at close range. "And all people shall flow 
unto it," saith the Hebrew prophet of holy writ. 

Witness the fulfilment of these words ; for to think of New 
York, Chicago, and others of our large cities is to think of the 
Jews, the Italians, the Austrians, the Armenians, and other peo- 
ples of southern Europe and Asia. To think of Massachusetts, 
perhaps, makes us think of the British ; surely New York and 
■Pennsylvania, of the Dutch ; Wisconsin and Minnesota, of the 
German and the Scandinavian ; North Dakota, of the Russian and 
Icelandic people ; Louisiana, of the French, and California, of the 
Spanish, Japanese and Chinese. Truly, the noted Jewish play- 
wright and novelist, Israel Zangwill, speaks with knowledge when 
he calls America the "Melting Pot" of all nations. And this 
thing, apparent in the nation, is duplicated in every state — Utah 
being a marvelous example. 

It would be difficult to conceive of a more perfect tribute to 
this land of ours than that found in Mary Antin's Promised Land. 
In the preface to this truly wonderful book, its gifted author tells 
us that she would hardly have written the book did she not know 
that she is the mouthpiece of an entire group, the Russian Jew. 
In the light of God's word is not the title of her book The Prom- 
ised Land truly significant? 

Not less remarkable perhaps are the tributes of Dr. Ed. A. 
Steiner, whose book, The Trail of the Immigrant, makes him an 
undoubted authority on the immigrant question. Very fittingly 
might he call his lecture of this season. "The Promised Land." 

Dr. Steiner was born in the Carpathian mountains. Buda- 
pest, the capital of the Hungarian kingdom, was the nearest 



GUIDE LESSONS. 235 

large city to the little village of his birth. One day he watched 
a soldier who had lost one leg alight from the buss that brought 
all new comers to the town. This man was born in the same 
little town, but had gone to America years before. He had lost 
his leg in the Civil war, and had come back home to spend the 
remainder of his life, supported as he was by a pension from 
"Uncle Sam." "None of his relatives were alive, ,so he came to 
our home," said Dr. Steiner. At the head of his bed was a small 
portrait of Abraham Lincoln, about whom he liked to talk, and 
as often as the village people chanced his way, he told them of 
the great American father, with the kindly face who desired 
freedom for all men. 

As if to mock Maximilian, who was the tool of Napoleon 
III of France, and Francis Joseph, his brother, late Emperor of 
Austria, who was the tool of the German Kaiser, to the end of 
threatening free government in America, in the very heart of the 
city of Budapest stands a life-sized statue of George Washington, 
a symbol of life, freedom and hope to the people who daily pass 
and gaze up at it — "A hand and face that truly beckons to a 
promised land," said Dr. Steiner. Then he added, that in the 
various cities of Europe are six such statues of the father of this 
country, each one telling of this better land, where life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness are among the blessings the govern- 
ment seeks to extend to those who dwell under the folds of the 
Stars and Stripes. 

At the present time, all eyes are turned to America. "'Amer- 
ica is the hope of the world," said Francis Nielson, long time 
member of the British Parliament, in a recent address. 

As in the beginning the old world stretches out her hands to 
the new for material and spiritual help ; for just as earnestly and 
as helplessly as the warring nations have turned to America for 
food, just so earnestly and helplessly will they turn to her for a 
knowledge of that better, freer life vouchsafed by a republican 
form of government. 

Then, when the guns shall cease to roar, and the. statesmen 
shall sit at the council board of peace, America, they say, shall be 
most potent for the future destiny of men. In many ways, some 
seen and others yet unseen, America will be an ensign to the 
nations for larger and better things. Surely the word of God 
fails not — ^this is the promised land. 

The Spaniard coming to America was in quest of gold ; the 
Puritan landing on Plymouth Rock and the Huguenot in South 
Carolina, sought first religious liberty, and afterwards political 
freedom. The Latter-day Saint convert, turning towards this 
goodly land, receives in a majority of instances all these gifts in 
one. If it is a land of promise to him who can partake of one or 



236 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

two great gifts, how much more is it a land of promise to him 
who. embracing the gospel of Jesus Christ, knows that there and 
there alone is the permanent way to salvation — material, political 
and spiritual. 

May the day hasten when the big world that looks to us now 
tor food, and for the making of a world safe for democracy, shall 
also realize that in this land, choice above all other lands, God's 
Church is established, led by those having the holy priesthood, 
which power shall again redeem the earth and make it an Eden 
as at first. 

QUESTIONS. 

1. To what three groups of people has the Lord called the 
Western world, the land of promise? 

2. How does the history of the Jaredites prove that it was 
a land of promise to the Xephites? 

3. How was it a land of promise first to the Spaniards, 
secondly to the Puritans? 

4. How has it been a land of promise to all peoples of the 
earth since the signing of the Declaration of Independence? 

5. How is it a land of promise to the Russian Jew. of whom 
Mary Antin is spokesman? 

6. How, a promised land to Dr. Edward Steiner and the 
group of village boys who saw the portrait of Abraham Lincoln 
and heard the story of his life? 

7. How is it a land of promise to the warring nations of 
Europe today? 

8. Show from anything that you may know, or may have 
read, that the old world depends upon the new for suggestions 
for larger liberty and national stability after the war? 

9. To what people has America filled the largest and fullest 
hopes of the soul? Why? 

10. Show that the gospel of Jesus Christ can provide all 
those other things for which America has been sought, and in 
addition the possibilities of eternal life to all who will follow its 
divine precepts. 



f 



GUIDE LESSONS. 237 

LESSON TI. 

Work and Business. 

Second Week in May. 

LESSON in. 

Genealogy. 

Third Week in May. 

WHERE THE RACES SETTLED IN EUROPE. 

Roman Empire. The powerful armies of Rome, united with 
their superior civiHzation, first conquered and afterwards con- 
trolled Europe from the beginning of the Christian Era to 400 
A. D. Then the Teutons — Goths, Vandals, Burgundians and 
Lombards invaded both Roman and Celtic territory. In 410, 
Alaric, a Gothic king sacked Rome. Shortly after the Goths 
passed over into Gaul (France) and Spain. In 451, Attila, king 
of the Huns, was beaten by the combined Franks, Goths and 
Romans. This battle decided Europe's continued Christianity, 
and made her independent of Asiatic Huns and African hordes. 

Gaul or France. Gaul was settled up by the Franks, a Teu- 
tonic tribe, but not until 450 A. D. was it a distinct nation. Clovis' 
ruled Gaul (France) and Spain. Then came the Lombards 
(Teutons) up from Italy, and wars ensued with Roman armies as 
well as barbarian Teutons of other tribes. Finally, in 800, Charles 
the Great, or Charlemagne, appeared upon the scene, and he grad- 
ually conquered all of central Europe. His kingdom therefore 
embraced all Germany, France, with a large part of Italy and 
Spain. He blended Roman and Teutonic principles, choosing the 
best of both. He was a great and wise ruler, king and emperor. 
After his death, the empire was sadly broken up. forming West 
and East Frankish realms, or France and Germany as we now 
know them. The history of European state systems here began. 

Spain. Mohammedanism became a rising southern Euro- 
pean power, beginning in 622 A. D., when occurred the Hegira or 
fl-ght of Mohammed from Mecca to Medina. The Arabs overran 
Asia Minor, conquered Egypt and the whole of northern Africa 
and parts of Europe. The invasion of the Arabs or Saracens 
over the southern part of Europe, especially Spain, continued for 
seven hundred years with intermittent success. In 732 A. D. 
they were conquered by Charles Martel and driven out of Gaul. 
They remained in Spain, however, till the siege of Grenada, in 



238 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

1494, when they were driven out by Ferdinand and Isabella. 
These monarchs were the patrons of Christopher Columbus. 

Tiirkcx. In the East, the Arabs were conquered ami were 
confined by the tenth century to Turkey in Europe. In the elev- 
enth century, their power was overthrown by the Tartars or 
Turks. In 1072 the great Turkish conquerer Alp Arslan died, 
and his four .sons quarreled and split up his kingdom into what is 
now known as Persia, Syria, Rouen, all Asia Minor. The Turks 
had gained possession" of Jerusalem which the Arabs had con- 
quered in 627 under Omar ; the Turks have remained its rulers 
intermittently till today, when English arms have practically con- 
quered Palestine. 

Germany. The Teutonic tribes of Germany, rude barbaric 
peoples, fought with neighboring tribes all over central Europe 
for centuries previous to the reign of the great monarch Char- 
lemagne. Christianity became popular and modified tribal preju- 
dices while Charlemagne's wise educational policy united the 
Saxons and Germans as one people. After his death, feudalism 
sprang up all over Europe and petty dukedoms arose everywhere. 
Wars multiplied between France and Germany, and kings ruled 
wisely or foolishly. Like France. Germany was a kingdom, but 
its king was also king of Italy. During the reign of Otto, in 966, 
the Germans began to feel the necessity for a national life. Their 
emperors spent more time in Rome than in Germany, and after a 
long succession of kings, Henry IV, in 1106, was compelled to 
abdicate. The crusaders followed. Then came Frederick the 
Great, 1155, and his prowess established Germany as an inde- 
pendent kingdom. 

Scandinavia. The history of the three northern kingdoms, 
Sweden, Norway and Denmark, is hidden in the mists of tradi- 
tion and sagas. Denmark was named for Dan Mykillati or "Dan 
the Famous." The .date of his reign is unknown. A long line 
of kings followed to Stoerkodder, the Norse Hercules, believed 
to have reigned about 600. Towards the end of the ninth cen- 
tury, the many petty rulers of the island were united under Gorm 
the Old who reigned between A. D. 860 and 936. By this time 
the Norsemen had become a terror to all the coasts of Europe. 
Gorm himself was a fierce old pirate, once descending upon Aix- 
la-Chapelle where he plundered Charlemagne's tomb. Gorm's 
son Harold accepted Christianity and died in battle in 985. Sweyn, 
Harold's son, invaded England in 994 and conquered a large part 
of that kingdom. He died in 1014. Sweyn 's sons, Harold and 
Canute, divided the kingdom, Harold reigning in Denmark and 
Canute going over to England where he became one of the most 
famous of English kings. 



GUIDE LESSONS. 239 

Norzvay. The primitive inhabitants of Norway were Finns 
who were fishermen. The Northmen who were, as we have seen, 
a Teutonic tribe of Gothic origin, drove out the Finns and settled 
Norway. The authentic history of Norway begins with Harold 
the Fair-haired who is supposed to have reigned about A. D. 863- 
933. He subdued all the petty Norse chiefs about him and made 
one nation. Hakon the Good, son of Harold, was Norway's 
greatest king. He is one of the great heroes of Norwegian 
romance. He destroyed the pagan temples and founded the town 
of Trondhjem. In a battle with the Danes, in 1000 A. D., he 
was defeated and. though himself overpowered, in full armor 
escaped capture. The neighboring tribes in Denmark and 
Sweden, for years after, oppressed Norway, and in the reign of 
Canute the Great of Denmark, Norway was annexed to Den- 
mark. The subsequent history is a history of wars with surround- 
ing kingdoms, with Norway as a principality of Sweden. It is 
not until very recent times — 1814-^that Norway was acknowl- 
edged as a separate and independent state under the Swedish king 
and his heirs. Since that time the kings of Sweden and 
Norway, have maintained two separate governments. In 1905 
Norway was established a separate kingdom. 

Sweden. Like Norwav. Sweden was inhabited by Lapps 
and Finns. The Teutonic Goths drove them out at some uncer- 
tain but remote period. According to the old S"\vedish Sagas. 
Odin, at the head of the Swedes (also of Teutonic origin), in- 
vaded Iceland and seized the southern part from the possession 
of the Goths. Going further north they drove out the Lapps and 
Finns, and settled the region now known as Svealand. Odin's 
successor was Njord, whose son Frey Yngve founded the royal 
Swedish line which continued until the eighth century. In 993 
Olaf, a Lapp king, came to the throne and from his time we have 
authentic Swedish history. Christianity had been introduced into 
Sweden in 829 and Olaf embraced the new faith. Olaf died in 
1024. Wars followed between the Goths and the Swedes, and 
the various kings ruled well or ill according to their times and 
dispositions. 

Russia. The early history of Russia is very uncertain. 
Greek and Roman writers say it was inhabited by Scvthians and 
Sarmatians, who are said to be the ancestors of the Slavs. Dur- 
ing the fourth and fifth centuries hordes of Goths. Alans and 
Huns swept over the country, leaving no permanent s-ettlements. 
At last the Slavs gained complete possession. They intermarried 
with the Finnish tribes, dwelling along the upper A^olga. In the 
sixth century Novgorod was famous as the capital of a great and 
ptowerful principality. A war with the Varangians, a race of 



240 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Scandinavian warriors, rendered Novgorod once more tributary 
to the Teutons. Back and forth swung the balance of power 
until 864 A. D., when Rurik who was a Varangian (Scandinavian) 
prince really founded the Russian empire, dying in Novgorod in 
879. Olaf accepted Christianity. He subdued the Khazars, a 
people of Turanian descent. He als<o drove out the Magyars. 

]\Iuch history was made in Russia until 1221, when the Tartar 
hordes burst into Russia. 'For some time they controlled the 
Russian empire, but not until Ivan the Third, in 1462, did Russia 
rise above the Turkish control. It is very probable that there is 
a strong infusion of Teutonic blood in Russia. The Slavs and 
Teutons are not at all of the same temperament, and tribal dif- 
ferences betray themselves even to this day in this great country. 

This, then, gives a brief picture of the large sections pf 
country in Europe (with the exception of Great Britain), which 
obtained between the sixth and eleventh centuries. It will be 
seen, therefore, that the races of Europe were settling into 
rather definite divisions preparatory to the introduction of the 
Reformation which swept the Teutonic nations partially clean 
of the corrupted traditions which the Catholic church had spread 
over Europe. All the Latin races — 'France, Spain, Portugal and 
Greece — practically still retain the ancient Catholic religion and 
traditions, while Russia merely varies her religious formula with 
her own Titular head of the church, calling it the Greek-Catholic 
church, and which is located in Russia. 

Surnames. Up to this period of time (600-1100 A. D.) sur- 
names were unknown in Europe, excepting with the ruling 
classes in Rome who preserved their tribal and gens names when 
signing formal papers or in civic procedures. We will deal 
v/ith the history of Great Britain during these five centuries in 
the next lesson. 

QUESTIONS. 

Who were the Romans? 

What can you tell of the early history of France? 

Who settled in Spain? 

What son of Noah was the father of the Arabs? 

Can you explain the difference between the Arabs and Turks? 

Ask a. German sister to give a sketch of Germany. 

Let Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian members tell the story 
of their native countries. 

For reference and maps, see any school geography and high 
school history of the world. 



GUIDE LESSONS. 241 

LESSON IV. 

Home Economics. 

Fourth Week in May 
FRUITS. 

Fruits are valuable for their bulk or cellulose, sugar, ash con- 
stituents, vitamines and water. Their bulky content keeps us from 
eating an excess of concentrated foods, and the indigestible cel- 
lulose in fruits increases the peristaltic action of the intestines 
which is in most cases a distinct advantage. The caloric value 
is due largely to the sugar content as the relative food value of 
fruits is almost in direct proportion to percentage of sugar con- 
tained. The ash constituents are valuable for their alkalinity, 
which tends to neutralize the acid forming elements from meat 
and eggs, while the vitamine or growth producing element in 
fruits is of decided value. 

In addition to the value of the indigestible cellulose as a 
safeguard against constipation, the great American evil, the pulp 
of the fruit is considered more laxative than the skin, or the 
skin and the pulp. There seems to be an astringent element in 
the skins which reacts against the laxative value of most fruits. 
In addition to this the mineral acids such as malic, tartaric and 
citric are of decided value for their milk laxative properties. 

Fruits as well as vegetables used in liberal quantities in the 
diet tend to correct intestinal putrefaction which results from the 
use of too much. meat. This correction is made by stimulating 
the peristaltic movement of the intestines and also by furnishing 
a medium less favorable to the growth of putrefactive bacteria. 

Fruits are of distinct value in their alkaline elements. 

Experiments have proved that a liberal use of vegetables and 
fruits diminish the acidity of the urine, showing that th acid of 
the meat and eggs has been neutralized. The habit of eating 
potatoes with meals is a good one, as the acid of the meat is neu- 
tralized by the alkalinity of the potato. In order to avoid an ex- 
cess of acid it is well to adopt Dr. Sherman's rule of food expendi- 
ture, i. e., "allows as much money for the purchase of vegetables, 
fruit and milk (which have an excess of alkalinity) as for the 
purchase of the acid-forming fruits, meats, fish, and eggs." 

Green fruits are largely cellulose, starch and acid. When 
ripening begins the starch gradually changes to sugar and the 
acid content is also decreased. In addition to this the changes 
which take place bring out the different flavors of the fruits. Pec- 
tin or the vegetable gum which causes some fruit juices to jell 
is found in larger proportions in fruits that are a little underripe. 
As ripening proceeds this pectin decreases, hence apples that jell 
when a little underripe may not produce satisfactory jelly later 
in the season. , 



242 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Fresh fruits are considered rather bulky foods, as it takes 
one large orange, three peaches, and two medium apples, and 
almost a box of strawberries to make one hundred caloric por- 
tion. However, when fruits are preserved or jelled they are one 
of our concentrated foods. One and a half to two tablespoons of 
these are equal to one hundred caloric portion. 

The census reports for 1909 show that the annual produc- 
tion of fruits and nuts is valued at $222,024,000.00. Of the 
small fruits, strawberries are the most valuable and of the larger 
ones apples have the lead. About 10 per cent of the total pro- 
duction is dried and marketed. The percentage of waste in many 
of the towns in Utah is much greater than that. 

Another change of the Italian proverb, "An apple a day 
keeps the doctor away," is "An apple at night makes the dental 
bills light." 

The crisp texture of the aple scours out the starchy substance 
which ferment between the teeth. 

Fruits which are highest in iron are : grapes, strawberries, 
prunes, raisins and plums. Those highest in phosphorus are : 
rhubarb, pineapple, plums and raspberries. These fruits are of 
special value in cases of anemia when blood and nerve tissue need 
to be replenished. 

In regard to the stored or canned fruits or vegetables we 
suggest the following tabulation of spoilage, if any, of the differ- 
ent methods used. 
Kind Cold Pack Pressure Cooker Boiler Open Kettle 
Salt Drying Sand Paper 

Think of loss in terms of percentage. If one can is lost 
out of ten, that is 10 per cent, and a higher loss than should be 
necessary. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Farmers Bulletins : 

No. 154, "Home Fruit Gardens." 

No. 293, "Use of Fruit as Food." 

No. 853, "Home Canning of Fruits and Vegetables." 

"Sherman's Food Products," pages 329-357. 

"Rose's Feeding the Family." See index. 

"Successful Canning and Preserving," O. Powell. 

QUESTIONS. 

For what are fruits valuable? 

Discuss the laxative properties of fruits. 

Discuss value of fruits for their alkaline element. 

Compare composition of green with ripe fruits. 

What can your organization do to prevent waste of fruit in 
your locality? 

Are you earning skilled or unskilled wages in putting up 
fruits. Compare home products with market products. 



The Gospel Standard 



J. K. R. 



B. Cecil Gates, 



^4=:j=E=:=8i:3=i=ti::=l-j=:=E=i=p=?=l 



1. The Gos - pel standard high is raised, On Zi 

2. Earth to its love - li - ness restored, Shall 



on's sa - cred 
ec - ho back the 




in: 



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shore; Rejoice, yeSaints.our God be praised,Proud Satan's reign is 
strains From thousand heav'nly choirs pouredWhen Christ in triumph 



■P2- 



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42- 



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CHOBUS. 






IZZZDI 



o'er; The 
reigns. 



bright mil 

The bright 



len - nium dawns at 

mil-len - nium dawns 






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shall be 



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244 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 




free, Christ will re - ward their tri - als 

Christ will reward their tri - als 



il^i^p; 







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"5(- I : ^,. 



ilSifEll 



past, With im - mor 



tal - i 
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^g ^^Egr^ ESjgig^^gpiijI 



THE WILD SUN-FLOWER 



Bjf Maud Baggarley. 

Brave flower of the desert ways 

That clothes in beauty parched and dreary fields, 

Thy spirit yields 

Unto my soul 

A measure of its fortitude, 

For this I know : 

That One who bade thee forth to go 

Earth's darkness to illume, 

That One who had the thought divine 

To hide the ugliness and gloom 

Of Earth 

With glory such as thine, 

Can kindle in my heart a flame of light 

That through its high divinity 

Shall make 

The whole wide world more bright ! 



In His Steps. 

(A tribute to the work of the Woman's Relief Society.) 

Not all battles in life are fought at the front, 
Not all vict'ries are won by the sword : 

Greater combats are waged against sickness and want 
Than the annals of bloodshed record.. 

For they who fight poverty, drive away grief, 
And aid the diseased and distressed, 

Are bearing the cause of their Master and Chief 
Who laid it on Calvary's crest. 

'Tis woman's true nature — her glory and grace — 

To be loving and tender and kind : 
So God in His wisdom reserved her a place 

Where her gifts fullest freedom may find. 

In His Church He has work that is fitted to all,^ — ' 

To those with one talent or ten. 
And to women is given as sacred a call 

A,s ever was given to men : — 

Go visit the bedside of sick and diseased, 

For they were His special concern : 
In soothing their sorrows His Spirit is pleased. 

And thy kindness tenfold shall return. 

Go comfort the aged — ^whose feeble feet press 

The verge of Eternity's shore: 
That the evening shadows of life may grow less. 

And the dawn-light of heaven grow more. 

Go watch o'er the dying (the angels are there 
To guide the lone spirit from earth). 

Thy love he'll extol in his last mortal prayer, 
And remember it in his new birth. 

Thy Lord has completed His mission below, 
And called thee to work in His stead. 

As angels of mercy His tenderness show 
To the living and dying and dead. 

"Go take to the lowly my blessing and peace, 

As I cared for the poor, so do ye, 
And if ye do good to the least among these. 

Ye verily do it to Me." 

David J. Watts. 



iniiiii I niiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiii tiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiMi 

Remember the firms that 
are true to the Magazine 

Dear Sister: 

We wish to call your special at- 
tention to our aovertifcing pages. 
They contain the business an- 
nouncements of \ery good friends 
of ours. 

It is the adveitisers who help 
our Relief Society Magazine to 
grow. Patronize them. We can 
vouch for those who take space 
with us, as W2 solicit advertise- 
ments from none but the strongest 
and most reputable companies. 

"Stand by the firms that stand 
by us." 

Relief Society Magazine. 

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiKiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 






THE [ 
UTAH STATE i 
NATIONAL 
. BANK 

SAir LAKE CITY 



•yhe Uuh State Nation- 
al Bank features quick 
and efficient Service. 
One feature is the Unit 
System which greatly 
sitnp'idet transactions. 



r\er Joseph F. Smith, President 

%J]pcer$. Heber J. Grant. Vice-President 

Rodney T. Badger, Vice-Prest. 
Henry T. McEwan, Cashhier 
George H. Butler, Aast. Cashier 



■^if^^^*' 



i 



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J^allijMadefbrAailicalMl 



MAMUmCTURlB at f 

THE INLAND | 
CRYSTAL > 
SALT CO. 

SALTLAKEcrry 

UTAH ' 



Established 1860 Incorporated 1908 

S.M.TAYLOR &Co. 

Undertakers and Erabalmers 
Successors to Joseph E. Taylor 

The Pioneer Undertaker of the West 
Fifty-three years in one location — 

251-257 East First South Street 

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 

E£5cient Service, Modem Methods 

Complete Equipment 



100 Calling Cards Engraved 

For $1.50, Postage Paid 

Everyone should have a nice calling card, and we want you to 

call on us for same. 

PEMBROKE COMPANY 

The Home of Fine Stationery and Engraving 
22-24 East Broadway, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Kindly mention this magazine when ordering. 



ASK YOUR DEALER 

FOR 

Z. C. M. I. 

Western 
Scout Shoes 

The Ideal out-door 
SHOE for Men 
Youths and Boys. 
Cheap, but service- 
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Ask for Z CM I. 

"Everwear" 

or 

"The Leader" 



Overalls 

They don't rip 




Let Us Bind 
Your Magazines 

They are like old friends, and you will 
enjoy meeting them again in the fu- 
ture as you turn the pages of your 
bound volumes. Familiar faces, sub- 
jects and places will be preserved 
and brought vividly to your recol- 
lection if you have them put in a 
neat binding. 

THE DESERET NEWS 

Dept. of Job Printing and Binding 



When WE make your Portraits, 
YOU get the correct style, ex- 
cellence and satisfaction 



The Thomas 
Studio 

Phone Was. 3491 44 Main St. 



Let Eardly Bros. Do It. 



Electric Washing Machines 
and Appliances of All Kinds 

We manufadure fixtures, do construction work and carry a complete Lne of 
everything for Electricity. Sead for our catalog. 

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 



A New Book on Gospel Doctrine 

"The Way of Eternal Life" 



Is the title of a book just issued. 
It is written especially for young 
people by Bishop Edwin F. Parry. 
It is different to any other work on 
the gospel in that it not only ex- 
plains the doctrines of salvation, 
but gives the reasons why the or- 
dinances of the gospel are to be 
observed, and offers suggestions as 
to how they may be obeyed. It is 
just the right book for young Lat- 
ter-day Saints. It will give them 
a very comprehensive understand- 
ing of the gospel, as it is written 
in a simple, plain, yet dignified 



style. Those who have read it 
speak highly of it as a book for 
the young. Your children should 
have it. .Send for a copy and pre- 
sent it to them. It is neatly bound 
in cloth with gold title, and beauti- 
fully printed in large, clear type. 
A very appropriate present for a 
young man or a young woman. 

Price, Postpaid, 75 Cents 

Send orders to E. F. Parry, Jr., 
217 Templeton Building, 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 



mis; 



I Wa nl: to S e 11 d Y 

^ This GRAFONOLA 

FOR 5 DAYS' 




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fA/Cmm^MimMASlEM TERMS 



Send No Money- 

I Pay Freight- 



Wherever you live in the Western States 111 send you this 
world famous Columbia Grafonolct. with the true "Tone 
of Life" that simply can't be imitated, and your choice of 
records from a list of thousands. Place them in your home 
and use them exactly as though they were your own, for 5 
days. Enjoy them as much as you like — invite the neigh- 
bors — hold dances and happy parties. Then if you aren't 
entirely sure you" want to keep the outfit, return it at our 
expense and the trial won't cost you a copper cent. 
Easiest terms if you do keep it. 



Send coupon for free hooks 



COL. JOSEPH J. DAYNES, Jr., President, 

Daynes-Beebe Music Co., Salt Lake City, Utah. 

LiEAR Sir:— 

Ynu may send me FREE and Postpaid, beautifully illustrated 
Catalogs, showing ALL stvles of GRAFONOLAS (in colors) and giving 
LOWEST FACTORY PRICES and Terms. Also Big FREE 424 page 
Record Book and full derails of your FREE TRIAL OFFER. This does 
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REllff50ClElY"« 



J^AGAZlNJg 



® 



1^^'A 







Have You Welded all the Links to Your 
Dead? 

Honor thy Father ani thy Mother that 
thy Days may be Long in the Land 
which thy God hath Given thee. 

Have you Planted Your Early Garden? 

Now for our Stake Conferences. 

Buy a Liberty Bon This is OUR War. 











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L. D. S. GARMENTS 

LOOK FOR THIS LABEL IN THE NECK OF GARMENTS 






The Sign of 
Comfort 



^^fjyfjgjL * 1 



The Sign of 
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If your leading dealer does not have the garments you desire, 
select your wants from this list and send order direct to us. We 
will prepay all postage to any part of the United States. Samples 
submitted upon request. 



style 

1 Unbranded, Spec'l gauze wt. $1.25 
Bleached spring needle gauze 1.50 

2 Unbranded, Special, medium 
weight 1.60 

10 Cotton, light wt., unbleached 1.75 

3 Cotton, gauze wt., bleached.. 1.85 

25 Cotton, light wt., bleached 2.00 

50 Lisle, gauze weight, bleached 3.00 



Style 

66 Mercerlzed,llght wt.,bleached 3.50 

75 Cotton, medium wt.,bleached$2.25 

90 Cotton, heavy wt., unbleached 2.50 

100 Cotton, heavy wt., bleached.. 2.75 

107 Merino wool, medium wt S.OO 

109 Merino wool, heavy welffht.. 3.50 
12w Imported wool, medium wt... 4.50 
305 Wool and silk, medium 4.60 



The only approved Garments made with wide flaps at back, 
button holes for better fastening down front, and set in shoulder 
pieces to prevent sleeves stretching. 

SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE 

70 MAIN STREET, SALT LAKE CITY 



Salt Lake Artificial Liml) Go. 

(INCORPORATED) 

Successors to Artificial Limb and Brmce Co. 

5 F. CORDELL, Pres. and Mgr. 
Largest Manufactory of Artifio 
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Fit guaranteed or no sale 
Patent "Cordell" legs, which 
have the motion of the nat- 
ural limb in walking 
Remodeled and improved 
We manufacture every style 
Catalog free Phone Wasatch 8128 
].14 IF, South Temple, Salt Lake City,Ut. 





first of all— 
reliability 



McCONAHAY 



ONE PRICE JEWELER 



64 MAIN STREET 



May we 
send you 
gratis, a 
copy of 
our booklet 
about 

AMATRICE 
AMERICA'S 
NEWEST 
GEM? 



^ 7/fessa^e to the 2/oun^ 

9^ot/ter:3 o/7/ta/i and 

the 21/ est 

As a means of safe-guarding and fostering the growth of our 

children, the 

O:: tension VJivision 

of the 

^mversitj/ of Tltah 

is offering a special course in 

Child TOelfare lOor/c 

This course may be taken by the mother or prospectant mother 
right in her own home and without interfering with her 
daily duties. 

The lectures, pamphlets, etc., have been prepared by some of 
Utah's eminent baby specialists. 

The mother, in registering for the course, registers also the age 
of her baby and all literature is sent her at frequent inter- 
vals corresponding exactly with the child's development. 

THE FEE FOR THIS COURSE IS ONLY $1. 

All registrat ions for Child Welfare Work should be sent to the 

EXTENSION DIVISION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, 

Salt Lake City. 

A. C. Carrington, Acting Director 



AN OUNOI OP PR1 



~Ab »Mfi- %i PR£\X>rnON Lr W4>rili a poond ol <rTire.~ xnd the homan 
1),)^ wUck is iar wmmre cMBplicaied zad a >hcii~anii tunes more important 
Aa^ jB aMta^Mhile, rfc— Id be i i ■■iiii il often, by a skilled merfaanie lan 
O II Miirt *. wW ^^ kad years af txaiaBBg and experience and wtio understands 
trwrrj past af ike kMBaa aMckaBi^a. 

"Ha I III" ar ~R^^b~ ~ is na part of Ostcopslky. and is Bd taa^t in our 



I O II apirtj B» ike P i iac er a^ * »pt aJ ilr sfstCMT and iMkirics all that is 

af valne m MrckHBcd MjM p«l ati a « aad iJJMili m af tke b^Baa body, and 
I Taa awe it la j ■■■ i¥ ta investisate Osteapod?. 
= ' StmrereK. 



DR. G. A. GAMBLE, Sat Ljke Uf . Ilik 



^uuiiniinnuiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinD'iiii' 



BOOKS 

Recommended by the 
icoltural College Exten- 
sion Department 
correlating >*"ith the 
Relief Society Work 
are sold bv the 
LADAY SCHOOL L^10> 
BOOR STORE 

Salt Lake Ci»T. Utah 



/ 

Opportunities 
For Women 



CO serre and sore are greater 
today tkan at ^aj time in die 
varkTs history. In ercry ar- 
tiwTtf, waaKB are dai^ a Bar- 
vdaw vaik '^ anke tke 
warld a decent {dare ta live 



Spi' 1 1 il atlrtion is siren ta 

raaMB^s a«a— t/ at this safe 
oak, afcer c 4 per cent rom- 
is paid on iar- 



"Tie Bmtk ttith a PertonaViy^ 



Mefcliant's Bank 



"% 



Smde. 



-j:; O P- 
- --r,_V.P.; 



SALT T^AKFS 
LADY FLORIST 

Mrs. Emma J. Sanders 

278 South Main Slrect 

Srhramm-JolinMMi fi». S 

Phone Wa^irh 28L5 



Sail Lake Citv. 



Utali 



Remember the firms that 
are t u to the Magazine 

Dear Sister: 

We wish to call your special at- 
tention to our advertising pages. 
They contain the business an- 
notincements of very good friends 
of ours. 

It is the advertisers who help 
orur Relief Society Magazine to 
grow. Patronize them. We can 
vouch for those who take space 
with US, as we solicit advertise- 
ments from none bat the strongest 
and most reputable companies. 

"Stand b>' the firms that stand 
by us." 

Relief Society Magazine. 



m 



iHiuiniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiinniiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiimiiiiniiiiiiiiiinniiiiiuiuiiiitiiiHiniuiiiiiiiiiii! 

Owmrd and PwMishrd by ike General Board of the ReUef Sodeiy of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-duj Smmls. 

mmmiHimimHmHmnmmnmnmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmammmmmmmamnn^^ 



Resurrection. 

By Lucy S. Burukam. 

Dearest mother, Sprii^ is here. 

The bir^s are all idurnu^ 
^^lth woodroos soi^s of great del^it. 

F«- hame their hearts are jeamiii^: 
A yoathfol hush is Xatore's mood. 

As it she scaroe <iared breathe. 
So great her joy to hear the birds. 

Har^ doonds mi^fat loake diein leave. 

I hear dieir sweet notes caffii^. 

Wlien from my bed I rise. 
I see the flowei^ peepo^. 

I note in glad smprise 
The Easter Lily's petals 

Burst forth as if to bloom. 
Sweet emblem of die comity 

Of Christ frpm oat the tondi. 

My heart so lone and saddened. 

Takes cxmrage at the s^hL 
My weary brain seemed maddened. 

All throi^h the winti> n^ht. 
Where'er I looked, dear mother. 

Death stared me in the face. 
I coidd not eren dream of thee 

Except in Death's embrace. 

A wondrons peace steals o'er me. 

And banished is the gloom. 
I know that thy dear body 

That now lies in the tnnd> 
WID come forth as these petals. 

To Uoom in life and love. 
Ai3d Txm'D be there to greet me 

\\~heR I reach diat home above. 




Our Picture Gallery 



lop: Mrs. l-jiiily Gladwin, Pocatello Stake; Mrs. Rebecca N. 

Cutler, Curlew Stake. 
Center : Mrs. .A.roetta H. Holgate. Duchesne Stake ; Mrs. Mayme 

H. Laird, Bingham Stake. 
Lower: Mrs. Martha E. Roberts, Star Valley Stake; Mrs. 

La Priel G. Hyer, Benson Stake. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. MAY, 1918. No. 5. 



The Welding Link. 

By Nephi Anderson. 

In my dream. I left the mortal life and passed into the great 
spirit world ; and. after a time, when I had become somewhat ac- 
customed to my new environment. I was sent to preach the gospel 
to those who had not yet received it. either in earth-life or in the 
world of spirits. 

At first I marveled that there should be anyone in the region 
beyond mortal death who did not understand the plan of life and 
salvation; but when I contemplated the matter more carefully, it 
was made clear to me that all knowledge of truth must be ob- 
tained by the exercise of the mental faculties, by faith and earnest 
desire to know ; and that the mere passing of an individual from 
mortality to the spirit world would add nothing to that person's 
store of knowledge, save what would be gained from the eji- 
perience of the transition. A knowledge of the gospel of Jesus 
Christ must be obtained in the spirit world in the same way as 
it is obtained in the mortal world ; and therefore was I. with 
m_any others, called to preach that gospel to those who knew it not. 

And as I w^ent out on my mission, it seemed to me that the 
experiences and the feelings which I had while filling a mission 
in mortality all came back to me ; or at least, my doings and my 
emotions were the same, for I met many kinds of people wdio had 
ideas as varied and as strange as those I had found on the earth. 
I experienced great joy in bringing the glad tidings to those who 
would receive them. Especially was my joy great when I found 
men and women of my own kin who would listen to me. Many 
of these had lived far from me in earth-life, and had passed on 
into the spirit world many years before I had. Some of these 
received my message gladh', others at first strove against it, com- 
ing as it did against life-long beliefs and practices. It is with 
one of these latter that this dream of mine has more especially 
to do. 



248 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

This ])art:cular man, T leanied. was my second qreat grand- 
father on my father's line, and he had Hved in the "Old Country" 
from which my parents had gathered to Zion. He told me he 
had been a "preacher of the gospel" for many years in earth-life. 
On hearing this, I told him that he should readily understand ami 
be glad to receive my message. 

At first he resented my cflforts to teach h-m. but after laboring 
patiently with him for a time, his anger was modified, and he 
listened to me. I told him of the restoration of the gospel to the 
earth, and that many of his descendants had received it and were 
engaged in building up the Kingdom of God, preparatory to 
Christ's coming to rule among the nations. I preached fa'th and 
repentance to him : and after a time, by the power of the Lord, 
his heart was touched. 

"I have always believed in the Lord Jesus," he said con- 
tritely ; "and I preached repentance to the ungodly ; and I was 
baptized — what more need I?" 

Then I explained to him that his baptism as an infant, being 
based on false doctrine, was not acceptable to the Lord. 

"You mean, then," he exclaimed, "that I have not been bap- 
tized !" 

"I mean," I replied, "that you were not baptized by one hav- 
ing authority, and further, the ceremony was not correct in either 
form or principle. Baptism is for the remission of sins, and you 
neither believed nor preached that. Your baptism was merely 'an 
outward sign of an inward grace' as you, yourself, used to say. 
Baptism is essential to salvation, and it must be preceded by faith 
in the true and living God — not the one 'without body, parts, or 
passions' — ^and by a godly sorrow or true repentance." 

Then in my dream, t thought this man strode away from me 
as if he was greatly worried or displeased ; but as I went on 
l^reaching to the others who had gathered about me, I perceived 
that he came back again and stood listening to me more atten- 
tively than ever. When I ceased my speaking, and the others 
about me had departed, he remained. 

"I beg your pardon for my rudeness," he said. "Will you 
come with me? I want others of my people to hear what you 
have to say." 

Gladly I went with him. and I met many of his kinsfolk 
v.'hich also were mine. Many of them listened attentively and 
joyfully received my message of salvation. 

Time passed, for here my dream was not clear, but I remem- 
ber distinctly that the time came when I had to leave my .people. 
T recall also that I had not told them all that I had to tell them. 
I had kept something back until such a time that I perceived in 
them a repentant spirit and an eagerness to receive of the bless- 



THE WELDING LINK. 249 

ings of the gospel. Now on this occasion, when I was about to 
leave them for a time, there were many of my kinsfolk gathered 
about me. The}- seeme I to cling to me — there was something 
more which thev wante ' — son^e eager longing in their eyes — and 
T knew full well what it was. 

My secon.d great grandfather stood forth as spokesman for 
the company. "^^'e all believe your message," he sai 1 ; "and 
we have humbly rei:)ented ; but we are as prisoners in a pit, and 
have no apparent means of escape. We have talked this over 
among ourselves, and we have concluded that it is our lack of 
bapt'.sm which detains us here. But baptism is an earthly ordi- 
nance, and cannot now be performed. What good is all this 
\v'hich you have been telling us? Have you come here to mock 
us? How can we escape?" 

The questions seemei to echo from the eager faces about me. 

Then it seemed to me in my dream that I stood up before 
them and said : 

"Aly friends and kindred, I am now going to tell you some- 
thing which I have reserved for this occasion, for I see that you 
are now properly prepared to hear me. You believe in the gospel 
as I have taught it to vou, you are repentant in your hearts, and 
now vou cry out : 'What more can we do ? How can we be bap- 
tized?' They crowded closely about me as I went on. 

"The Lord is good and kind as well as merciful and just, and 
He has provided a wav of escape for all his children who come 
to Him v/ith repentant hearts. Here with you, all mav believe an-l 
repent, though there is no baptism ; but the Lord has provided 
for that. Li earthly temples, the living may be baptized for those 
vdio have come into this life without having the ordinance prop- 
el Iv done. That work has been going on for some time. In 
earthlv-life, I did some of that work. I dil'gently searched the 
records of my forefathers, and — yes, I found your names — all of 
yours. I think: fathers, mothers, children; and I arranged them 
properly in family groups, with the data for identification, in my 
records. And then — "" 

I could hardly go on, so eagerly and expectantly did my 
listeners press in about me. 

"And then." I continued. "I did or had done the work for 
you all that you could not do for yourselves. It is all there, 
standing to your credit in the books until such time when you are 
willing .to comply with the prerequisites and accept of it in the 
same way that vou would have done in the earth-life!" 

When I said this, the tense silence seemed to break into a 
murmur of joy. J\Iy own heart seemed to burst with happiness 
when I saw the joy on the faces about me. There was no need 
of wor'V. to tell me that these had accepted of the work which had 



230 Kl-J.mr SOCII-I)' M.u;,l/J.\li. 

been done for them, for 1 seemed to see it in their very hearts. 
And then I understood also, without the telhng- of words, that 
these my kin folks were emers^in^- from pris^on walls, and already 
the horizon of their lives stretched out into the freedom and 
blessedness of God's limitless heaveus. 

And then as I stood there, it came forcibly to me how im- 
perfect had been my own salvation, apart from my kinsfolk of the 
flesh. The break between me and my peo])le seemed to close up, 
linked and hold securely by the binding" ])ower of unselfish love; 
and the joy in my own heart was multiplied by the number of 
the people unto whom I had been the means of bringing salvation. 

Sweetly, softly, those about nie began to sing a song of the 
redeemed ; and as their voices rose into a mighty chorus, which 
seemed to echo into the heavens. T awoke from m\' dream. 



To My Mother in Israel. 

( I\T\- Relief Society Teacher. ) 

AN .APPRECIATION. 

By Lucy May Green. 

Dear little mother, w'th crown of silvery hair. 
Sweet little mother, whose love beyond compare 
Comforts and cheers me, wdien life seems dark and drear 
Hope and sunshine brings, casting out all fear. 

Dear little mother, living all alone, 
b'ather's very near you, watching o'er "His own," 
Angels often round you their silent comfort bring; 
Lift }-our heart in gladness, tune your heart to sing. 

Rlest, faithful mother, journeying every dav 
To the Holy Temple, to catch hope's sh'ning ray, 
Bringing souls from prison, lifting them above 
Through your earnest labors, your unselfish love. 

I'or my little mother, in the years to come. 
Waits a crown of glory. Father's "welcome home." 
"Many of my children through your work are free. 
Enter now my kingdom, ye did it unto I\Te." 



The Mother-Father Sacrifice. 

By Diana Par risk. 

Tim and Geraldiiie and \'iola were back from New York. 
The family were all excited about it — and so were the neighbors. 
For the past two years the local papers through their Gotham 
correspondents had carried many notes about Tim and Viola and 
their accomplishments while they had often mentioned Geraldine 
in a social way. 

Detailed accounts had been given of Tim and h'.s work on a 
New York journal. Me had had his name featured on his paper's 
stafif, he had sold a number of stories to leading magazines and 
one of his articles had won the Metropolitan prize for the best 
original essay. After which he had been interviewed for one of 
the big dailies and had been given a write-up illustrated with a 
very flattering photograph of himself in their Sunday Magazine 
Section. It was quite an honor to be sure, for this same paper 
had published interviews with Galli-Curci, General Joffre, Yvette 
Gilbert and other celebrities. 

Stories of Viola's studies with the great masters had also 
been sent home. She had achieved an ecjually satisfactory suc- 
cess by dint of hard work, a good voice and her pleasing per- 
sonality. She had studied chiefly with Madame X , once 

Caruso's teacher. ' She had sung for him at one of Madame's 
recitals and he had personally congratulated her and sent her 
tickets for one of his performances with a note inviting her to 
come behind the scenes afterward for a brief visit. Imagine re- 
ceiving such honors from the greatest living tenor ! \'iola had 
walked on air and lived in the clouds for a week afterward — and 
incidentally forgotten to reply to Henry's letter — Henry who was 
so much opposed to the musical career and was working day and 
night and saving- his money, longing for the time when they could 
begin to build their little nest. Just before leaving for home she 
had been soloist at .■^olian Hall with the New York Symphony 
Orchestra. She had done "11 dolce suono." the mad scene from 
"Lucia" and her name had been in all the New York papers next 
morning mentioning her singing with praise. Viola sighed when 
she got another letter from Henry that day wishing her a pleasant 
journey home. She packed her trunk with anything but jo}- for 
her mind was occup'ed with the humdrum existence that was 
staring her in the face — teaching vocal to pay ofi^ her debts and 
make it up to the family for their having let her go — and then 



252 RELIEF SOCIETY M.IC.iZlXE. 

saving- iij) enough money to take ir.orc studies. Slic lia'l closel 
the lid down with a bang. 

Anyway they were back. Every member of the family who 
wa.s not absolutely too busy or too sick went to the station to 
meet them and shed a few glad tears over them. Menry man- 
aged to get inside the gate and kissed \"iola in front of all the 
passengers in the observation car of the California limited — much 
to their e:lification. be it said, for all the world loves a lover. For 
a few minutes \iola forgot that there was any other music in the 
world but Henry's vo'ce. Then her ambitious self came to the 
top and she treated him very coldly for the rest of the evening. 

Tim and Geraldine were not long in getting re-established 
in their little house which mother had arranged to be vacated in 
plenty of time for a thorough cleaning before their return. They 
n-i.ade a few alterations, changed the spare bedroom into a study 
for Tim where he was to continue h's writing during the time he 
could si)are from the duties which he was to assume as Professor 
of Journalism at the University. Geraldine hung the fancy new 
curtains she had brought from New York and put down the two 
Persian rugs they had scraped together plough money to buy 
from a greasy old dealer, with a smooth tongue, in Thirty- fourth 
street. She also re-arranged the lights taking out all the glaring 
white ones in the chandeliers and putting in lamps shaded with 
soft colored silks. A writer's artistic temperament craved 
"atmosphere" and Geraldine like the good wife that she was de- 
termined that Tim should have it. When mother first saw the 
little house after the new lamps had been installed she callel it 
"The House of a Thousand Lampshades" and said it reminded 
lier of a book she had once read. The House of a Thousand 
Candles. lUit of course mother was not sujiposed to be up to the 
minute in New York fashions. 

.^fter the house was completed to Geraldine's satisfaction and 
Tim and A'iola had informally received their friends and ad- 
mirers au'l had been qu'zzed to their satisfaction about their ex- 
])eriences in New York, they decided that the thing to put them 
l)efore the'r home town i:)eo])le in the best light was to give a 
very formal musicale at which \'iola would perform and Tim 
would read Irs jirize essay. It should be ma 'e a high-toned afTan 
so that in the beginning they would establish themselves as hold- 
ing only the highest i'^eals — ^so Tim woul 1 not be hindered by 
being asketl to do a lot of common writ'ng, publicity and such 
stuff, w^ithout pay. for the numerous charital)le societies of the 
city, and so that \'iola would immediatel\- attract rich and fash- 
ionable pupils who would be able to pay big prices without winc- 
ing and thus help her from the bondage of teaching in the quick- 
est possible time. The guests w^ere to include the editors and 



THE MOTHER-FATHER SACRIFICE. 253 

manag-ers of the city's newspapers, the leading professors of 
music and all the rich and influential citizens that either Tim or 
Viola knew. Last but not least, the city's patroness of Art was 
to be invited, Mrs. Leicester-Scissorem, who took in washing in 
a mining camp until her husband struck it rich. No function 
could be possible unless this grand dame was "among those 
.present." 

Now comes the part of my story that I hesitate to tell. I 
wish that I could gloss it over, or better skip it entirely, but that 
is impossible as there would have been no story without it. 
Perhaps the best thing to do is to go at it direct, for after all 
Tim and Geraldine and Viola are but human and very, very young 
in experience. So here it is — they wanted to get out of inviting 
mother and father to the musicale because mother had no evening 
dress and father had no dress suit, and because they had invited 
no one who could not wear the proper evening dress. 

'T don't want to put dad in an embarrassing position," argued 
Tim bravely, when the three finally put their thoughts into words. 
"In his time a dress suit was out of the question — ^almost a sign 
that the man who wore it was going to the devil. And mother — '" 
He broke off lamely. 

"I am sure they would prefer not to be invited because they 
wouldn't like to refuse to come just on account of clothes, and 
yet if they came they would feel out of place by Mrs. Leicester- 
Scissorem in her diamonds, put in Geraldine, not unkindly. 
Secretly she was feeling very conscience-smitten to think that 
before leaving New York she had bought an evening gown for 
one hundred and twenty-five dollars, a su't for a hundred and a 
petticoat for fifteen — ^a lovely petticoat it is true, of checked Jersey 
silk accordion-pleated in a most fascinating manner — but still 
fifteen dollars ! She had found mother wearing her suit of two 
seasons before and the black silk dress that was three years old. 

"Anyway they don't care about classical music, and writing 
and art and things like that," put in -Viola, "and father will be 
sure to ask me to play the "Blue Danube Waltz" or sing "My Lit- 
tle Grey Home in the West." You know father hates trills and 
runs. Don't you remember the time when I first began to prac- 
tice the high mi-mi-mi-mi mo-mo-mo-mo ? he rushed into the room 
and asked me if I were in pain. We simply won't say anything 
about their coming and we can have another party that they 
will enjoy more." 

So the preparations for the musicale progressed and mother 
and father were not invited. Fortunately they were not in the 
least disturbed about this, simply taking it for granted that they 
were to go to the big affair which was causing no small stir in the 
fashionable musical circles. Several times Tim called himself a 



254 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

cad and was on the vei\^e of going- to liis parents and making a 
clean breast of the whole thing — but he didn't. More than once 
as (jeraldine showed her new clothes to her admiring friends who 
came to call she was tempted to tell them of her selfish perfidy 
and insist that mother and father be invited — but she didn't. 
Often as Viola went through her exercises and her aria in prepar- 
ation for the grand event, she heard her father's favorite "Blue 
Danube Waltz" and "Little Grey Home in the West" ringing in 
tiie l)ack of her head. She usually stopped and ran through them, 
thinking as she did so what a silly thing it was to leave mother 
and father out. Once as she saw mother carrying some ferns 
over to Geraldine's to decorate the house, she jumped up from the 
piano bench and started out to confess to her what she had been 
guilty of thinking — but she didn't. 

The day before the musicale when Tim and Viola were rum- 
aging in the attic for some old draperies to use on the small stage 
they were having put up, Viola stumbled across a little wooden 
box, very dingy and thick with dust. She opened it curiously. 
Within lay some crumpled flowers, brown and musty, an old- 
fashioned photograph of father, a long lock of golden hair tied 
with blue ribbon, two curious rings with all the sets gone, a dog- 
eared manuscript and a little red stilT-backed book with "Diary" 
written across the cover. Viola picked u]) the diary and opened 
it. On the fly-leaf was mother's name. On the first page there 
was an entry. 

May 10th, 1886. 
Today is the first time nurse would let me write — and I was 
so anxious to get at my new diary. Baby was born three weeks 
ago, the fourth in five years — we are becoming quite a family ! 
I worked at odd moments until the very last on my paper, "The 
Western Pioneers," but it is very difficult to collect one's thoughts 
with babies to feed and dress, housework to do and the little ones 
continually crying for some one to amuse them. I find that I am 
weaker than I thought. I can write no more today. 



July 4th. 

Being a holiday. Daddy has taken the children except the 
baby for a walk to relieve me. It amused me to see Bobbie and 
Timmie and even Isobel hurrying up for their promised picnic — 
they are growing up so fast. Timmie has the greatest attachment 
for baby Vi and cried furiously when T would not let them take 
the little mite along. 

T have been trying again to work on my paper but find it 
utterly impossible unless I neglect my family, which I will not do. 



THE MOTHER-FATHER SACRIFICE. 255 

I had hoped to be able to have a nurse this summer, but Daddy 
says we cannot manage it as he did not get the raise he expected 
and the new baby has cost such a lot of money. I was greatly 
disappointed, of course, but could not complain when he bought 
me a new dress (which I needed badly) with the money he had 
been saving to buy the spore of his favorite "Lucia." His playing 
is such a comfort to me. but our dreams of going to New York 
to study and work at the things we love are slowly vanishing. 
Lately it is sad to see how he has to neglect his practicing. He 
used to be able to get in an hour or two every evening after sup- 
per, but he has to be up so often in the night with Viola that I 
find him dropping asleep at the piano from sheer exhaustion. Our 
little family — 

Viola was half stunned at what she read. It was like a voice 
from the grave. 

"Tim. Timmie." she called huskily to her brother who was 
in the other room. "Come here!'' 

She handed him the book silently. Tim read the astonishing 
pages. 

"Fve been an awful fool, \ i." he broke out. "Thank heaven 
it's not too late to mend. "He brushed a tear drop from his cheek. 

When the musicale came ofif you may be sure mother and 
father were there, seated right in front of Mrs. Leicester-Scis- 
sorem. Mother was wearing a A'entian lace collar and father was 
wearing a — but why bother with such details as clothes? The 
first important point is that they were as proud of their perform- 
ing children as any parents could pK)ssibly be and that in these 
children the dreams of their youth were fulfilled. The second 
point is that Timothy's prize essay on the Great West contained 
some strong new passages about the sacrifice of pioneer mothers 
and fathers which he had put in after perusing a certain dog- 
eared manuscript from a certain dingy, dusty box — passages 
which entirely changed the essay and made it more valuable than 
ever.. The third point is that when Viola sang her aria from 
"Lucia." father's favorite opera, she sang it with a new tender- 
ness and understanding that had been totally lacking in her sing- 
ing before. She finished up with the song he loved. "My Little 
Grey Home in the West," singing it with sympathetic expression 
that would have caused her New York teachers the utmost as- 
tonishment. As it was she brought a mist to the eyes of those 
asembled and made Henry's heart beat wildly with the hope that 
after all it was time to build the little nest. 



Unusual Mothers. 



MARY CALMULL CHANDLER. 

Of Pocatello Stake. 

MOTHER OF NINETEEN CHILDREN. 

Mary Calniull was born April 19, 1857, in Gravely, Cam- 
bridgeshire, luigland. She married Thomas Chandler, Septem- 
ber 17, 1874, at Gravely, Eng- 
land. Was baptized into the 
Church June 15. 1876, in Ely, 
Cambridgeshire, England, and 
confirmed the same day. 

Sister Chandler is the 
mother of nineteen children — 
ten boys and nine girls. She 
left England June, 1879, and 
arrived in Logan, July of the 
same year. She was sealed in 
the Logan temple to her hus- 
band, and they had ten chil- 
dren sealed to them the same 
day (Nov. 28. 1895). She 
joined the Relief Society in 
1881. For a short time they 
lived in Pocatello. Idaho, then 
removed to Tilden where they 
lived for about thirteen years 
and helped to buikl the new 
Church there by saving Sunday eggs ; then they moved back to 
the Pocatello Second ward, and Sister Chandler is at the .present 
a teacher in the Relief Society, where she enjoys her labors. She 
visits the sick and helps all she can in the great work. With the 
exception of rheumatism in her feet, her health is good. 

Sister Chandler has now ten children living and thirty-seven 
grandchildren. 

HANNAH BRIGHT RITCHIE. 
Of North Weber Stake. ' 

MOTHER OF EIGHTEEN CHILDREN. 

Hannah Brig-lit Ritchie was the daughter of John Bright and 
Sarah Webb Bright, was born January 1, 1840. at Wa-ddon, Cam- 
bridgeshire, England. She was baptized a member of the Church 
of Ji^'^v^ Christ of Latter-day Saints when eight years of age by 
Elder Orson Hvde, at Council Bluffs. 




UNUSUAL MOTHERS. 



257 




At an early age she 
crossed the plains with her 
parents, by ox team. At Gar- 
den Grove she had the sad 
misfortune of losing- her 
mother through death. Th's 
left her with the care of four 
children. 

The father married again 
at Winter Quarters after 
which the lonesome journey 
to the Valleys of the Moun- 
tains was resumed. 

On the 2nd of February, 
1857, she was married to 
Tames Ritchie in the Endow- 
ment House, by President 
Brigham Young. She is the 
mother of eighteen children, 
there heing twins three times. 
Eleven of her .children are 
Much of Sister Ritchie's living, 

education has been acquired in 
life's school of experience. 
For years she has been asso- 
ciated with the Relief Society. 
At the present time she is 
in fair health, is bright and 
active and lives solely for the 
happiness of her children, 
grandchildren and friends. 

JANE m'COWAN read. 
Of Juab Stake. 

MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

Jane McCowan Read was 
born in Liverpool, England, 
September 27, 1840. She em- 
igrated to America with her 
parents in the year 1854, com- 
ing on to Utah the same year. 
Her father died in St. Louis, 
Missouri, of cholera, leaving 
her mother with three children. Jane came to Nephi \\hen fifteen 
years old with Brother Thomas Wright, and lived in his family 
until she married Winyard M'hitby at the age of 16 years. From 
this union there was one child, a son. When he was six months 




258 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



old, Mr. Whitby left the Church ami went to California. Icavingf 
l.is wife and child in Nephi. 

In 1858 she married Robert Read, and from this union there 
were sixteen children — ten sons and six daughters — seven of these 
bein.q- born at three births. 

She went throuj^h all the hardships of ]Moneer life in Ne])hi, 
I'ving there until the year 189*^^), when they moved to Idaho where 
most of their family had gone. 

She died-in 1914. She was an honest and industrious woman 
and a faithful Latter-day Saint. 

c.\tiii-;rixk .\. cxrukx kkxi.kv. 
Of Nortli Wt'ljcr Stake. 

MOIIIKR OF SKVKNTKKN (UnUKKX. 

Catherine .\. (iarden-Kenley was born Se])teniber 16. 1(S73. 
in, .Aberdeen. Scotland, and is the mother of seventeen children — 

the last were twins, born two 
years ago. Of this number 
eleven are living. 

Sister Kenley heard and 
embraced the gos])el in her 
native country, after which 
she and her husband were 
very desirous of gathering to 
Zion where they could receive 
the many blessings enjoyed by 
the Saints. Upon the eve of 
their departure, however, Sis- 
ter Kenley was taken sud- 
(■enly ill and was unable to go. 
It was (decided, therefore, that 
her husband precede her with 
two of the children, and that 
she and the other two would 
follow later, which she was 
able to d'O in four months, 
through the administration of 
the elders and the blessings of the Lord in preserving her life 
which hung as by a thread for many weeks. She l)ears many 
wonderful testimonies of God's gooihiess toward her, and has 
always been willing, when able, to ('o her l)it in rolling on the 
work of the Lord. 

At present Sister Kenley enjoys good health. She lives in 
the Ogden Tenth Ward, is an active member of the Relief So- 
ciety, and being blessed with an unusual vf)'ce takes great pleasure 
in the song service which she renders the ward choir of which 
she is a member. 




Guidance of Children. 

By Lucy U'riglif Sjioiv. 

PRAYER. 

■'Methinks God must be oft dismayed. 
Hearing how much our hps have prayed. 
Seeing the Httle that we do 
To make the prayers we pray come true." 

What is prayer? 

Is it necessary for a child to be taught to pray? 

How shall I teach my child to pray ? 

Prayer is a wireless message to God, and must be sent under 
proper conditions, or it will never reach its destination. 

What are the conditions and how shall we bring the child into 
a mental attitude to meet them ? 

To get results, he must learn : Faith. Reverence, Consis- 
tency, Humility, Sincerity. 

FAITH. 

Faith is power. It is the power that controls the worlds, and 
the foundation of all righteousness, therefore it is necessary to 
begin by teaching it. but about the only way to teach a child to 
have faith is for his parents and teachers, by their good example 
and right living, to lead him to have faith in them and in all 
mankind. Parents should show him b}- word and deed that they 
give him everything he asks them for, that their wisdom tells them 
is right for him to have, and that they also give him many things 
that he does not ask for. because they love him and know when 
he tries to be a good child. They may also explain to him why 
mother does not give the bab}- a hammer and a mirror at the same 
time, even though he might cry for them. Let his environment 
be so carefully selected and his parents be so fair and just to all 
their fellow beings, as to inspire in him a confidence that will be 
faith-promoting and that will grow and ripen into faith and belief 
in God. Parents can do much toward promoting this principle by 
being alert with the power of suggestion and in showing their 
own faith, the fact that he must also trust God, inust not be over- 
looked. This point may be nicely illustrated to a child by the fol- 
lowing story : 

A great drouth covered a certain part of the country and the 
people were praying God to send rain lest their crops all die. .\t 
one of the prayer meetings a little girl was seen to be carrving 



260 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

an umbrella. This fact afforded amusement to some of her elders 
and they asked her why she brought her umbrella, to which query 
she replied: "Why, so I won't get wet when God sends the rain." 

Parents are directly responsible for the religious development 
of their children. While religion is inborn, it is one thing that 
seems not to develop spontaneously, thus showing how responsible 
parents are, that their children be led to an understanding of the 
gospel and this responsibility dates back to our first parents. An 
understanding of all truth then seems to come little by little with 
nurture and experience and the first and most important step to- 
ward unfolding the plan of salvation is for the child to learn to 
pray, and much conscientious thought should be devoted to meth- 
ods of teaching it effectively, for each child should be taught in 
the way that will appeal to him, in order to produce the best 
results on such an important subject. 

Every mother should know what the Scriptures teach us con- 
cerning pre-existence, namely: That every child born into this 
world had a knowledge of the gospel while in the pre-existent 
state, but lost that knowledge on coming to earth, that he might 
regain it by his own effort, thereby working out his own salva- 
tion, and he does gradually regain it by his own effort, but he can 
receive valuable assistance and guidance from his parents and 
teachers in attaining this end and through them, he can learn how 
to approach the great Giver who said : "If any of you lack wis- 
dom, let him ask of God, who giveth to all men liberally," etc. 
(Jas. 1:5). 

The first important step in teaching him to pray after having 
taught him Faith, is : 

REVERENCE. 

Let the little one be alone with mother, away from noise or 
confusion. He .should kneel, if convenient, and be comfortable 
while in the attitude of prayer, because if he is not comfortable 
he will not be able to concentrate his mind, and part of the sa- 
credness of the moment will be lost. Teach him that he is going 
to talk to God, which is a most sacred thing; that he must be clean 
in body and his mind should be in a state of peace and composure. 

He will not be able to learn to whom he prays until the age 
when reason begins to .develop (about four years), at which time 
he should learn something of. the personality of God, that he is a 
personal Being and that he lives in heaven, e. g., "Our Father 
which art in heaven." 

CONSISTENCY. 

The child should learn that it is of greater importance to ac- 
knowledge God and thank him for what he has, namely, for his 
health, his parents, friends, playthings, etc., than to ask for favors. 



GUIDANCE OF CHILDREN. 261 

also that he should use his own intelligence and effort to its full 
extent to make his prayers come true and to expect God to help 
him to do his own work, not to do it for him. God loves the pray- 
ers of little children, but it is the duty of parents to teach them to 
be consistent in what they expect of him, and to guide them to an 
understanding of, "Thy will be done." 

If the child does not receive what he has asked for, nor the 
peace and satisfaction that should come to him as a testimony that 
God has heard his prayer, suggest to him that perhaps he has not 
conformed to spiritual law in his prayers, he is not "in tune" or 
that God knows that it would not be wise for him to have that 
which he has asked for ; perhaps he has not been sincere nor for- 
giving, or not approached God with sufficient humility; perhaps 
he prayed selfishly ; and teach him that if he approaches God with 
reverence, in faith and trusting, having charity and forgiveness 
in his heart for all men — all these things — then he will invariably 
be satisfied with the result of his prayer and will be able to feel, 
"Thy will be done." 

The child must learn that God is the great Giver of all good 
and so Jesus taught us, "Give us this day our daily bread." He 
cannot pray this without acknowledging the source of all bless- 
ings and in it he learns that he can never become perfect until able 
to acknowledge God. 

HUMILITY. 

To be humble, one must be forgiving, therefore, "Forgive 
us our trespasses," etc. Teach the child that the more humble 
he is, the more he will be endowed with the spirit of forgiveness 
and that he need not expect his prayers to be answered unless he 
approach God in humility, willing to forgive the trespasses of 
others. 

"Lead us" suggests our need of guidance, and then how im- 
portant in these perilous times, "not into temptation" and "deliver 
us from evil," for is not the adversary working overtime these 
days tempting us to go astray? Are not these the days spoken of 
as those in which Satan shall deceive the very elect? 

Then comes the all-important, "Thine be the glory," for with- 
out this there will be no humility and without humility, no prayer 
could reach heaven. 

When Jesus said, "After this manner pray ye," he did not 
mean that we should utter these words exclusively, he meant this 
prayer as a pattern and, carefully analyzed, it will be found to 
cover all the principles of truth. These are the principles neces- 
sary to conform to, as Jesus gave them to us, and the earlier in life 
they can be brought to the child's understanding, the more valu- 
able will he be as an instrument in God's hands to further his 



262 RELIEF SOCIETY .MAGAZINE. 

work. Having" taught him these i)rinciples. let the child apply 
them as best he can in his prayers, not conforming to any set type 
of prayer, lest he lose sincerity and his prayers become a matter 
of form. 

Such prayer as the old rhyme. ''Now I lay me down to sleep," 
is undesirable for the reason that it beocmes a sing-song after a 
very few repetitions, and then the third line, "If I should die be- 
fore I wake" is a very poor sleep suggestion to a child not able to 
comprehend its full meaning. 

As a rule, rhyme prayers are not to be encouraged, but if for 
any special reason, the mother may feel that her child has need 
of such a prayer, let it be one of good suggestion, e. g.: 

"Father whom I cannot see, 
Look down from heaven on little me ; 
Let angels through the darkness spread 
Their influence around my bed. 
And keep me safe, for I am 
The Heavenly Shepherd's little lamb; 
Teach me to do as I am told, 
And help me to be as good as gold." 

SINCERITY. 

Spoken prayers are necessary as well as unuttered prayers, 
but they must be sincere. While an unuttered prayer or sincere 
desire may reach God and be answered, God requires spoken 
prayer, for did he not say, "After this manner pray ye" ? He has 
also given us other special forms of prayer, as sacrament prayer, 
prayer for baptism, etc. 

It is well to have a prayer in one's heart, and it will be under- 
stood by God, but it is not enough. The child must learn to ex- 
press himself to God. Show him how God speaks to us by signs 
and miracles and expects us to speak to him in acknowledgment 
of these blessings. Encourage him to pray in secret for these 
are the most effective of all prayers. In secret prayer he will be 
able to throw aside all fear and self-consciousness, thereby beconv 
ing more sincere and there is much accomplished when a child has 
learned to seek the Lord spontaneously. He will enjoy the 34th 
chapter of .\lma, which treats of secret prayer, and may form the 
habit of beginning each day with a little secret prayer. It is the 
one that is all his own. Teach him appropriate prayers for begin- 
ning and closing day, opening and closing meeting, prayer for 
sick, for the authorities of our Church and for heads of nations ; 
our soldiers. In blessing the food, let him mention the meal, as : 
Bless the lunch or breakfast. It will teach him to observe, and 
make the prayer more impressive. Let him always ask a bless- 



GUIDANCE OF CHILDREN. 263 

ing on his food. It is an excellent habit for a child to bow his 
little head without being told, when served to his soup as he comes 
in from school, and say, "Heavenly Father, I thank thee for this 
soup ; bless it. name of Jesus. Amen." That moment of giving 
himself to God in peace and quiet will rest him as much as a nap, 
as well as to teach him faith and confidence in God, 

To illustrate the necessity of sincerity in prayer, note the 
following remarkable experience and testimony that came into the 
life of one of our Latter-day Saint women. She was the mother 
of three children, two boys and a girl, the latter a most beautiful 
child in appearance and of lovely disposition. When seven years of 
age, the little girl was taken ill and died ; the father was away at 
the time and the mother nearly died of grief. She prayed often to 
God to give her strength to bear this separation from her beloved 
child, but her grief was so bitter that she became melancholy and 
refused to be comforted and soon she began to fade like a withered 
flower until she became a nervous wreck. She could not sleep 
without taking medicine to induce rest and at last she feared she 
would lose her reason. One night she arose from her bed and 
disposed of her sleeping tablets, also a bottle of laudanum which 
she had at hand, lest in a moment of distraction she might end her 
life with the drug. After worrying and tossing about in her bed 
all night in vain efforts to sleep, and when nearing the point of 
collapse, she knelt down by her bed and with a broken heart and 
contrite spirit cried : "O God, help me, for I cannot endure this 
any longer." Instantly there came an answer: "Why, my dear 
daughter, I would have helped you long ago if you had asked me." 
This was the first of her prayers that had reached its destination, 
the first that had been uttered with a broken heart and a contrite 
spirit, in faith and trusting confidence. 

References on prayer: Jas. 5:15; Book of Alma, chap. 34; 
Matt. 26:39; hymn, "Prayer is the Soul's Sincere Desire." 



MOTHERHOOD. 

By Flora S. Home. 

The purest joy the heart can feel. 
The strongest bond that love doth seal. 
The deepest truth that life can teach. 
The greatest height the soul doth reach. 



Fat and Fifty. 



The most vital and encouraging phase of the war necessity 
which demands less food rations and especially less fat-forming 
food materials is that which will compel fat people to rid them- 
selves of superfluous foods and fats, while not injuring those peo- 
ple who often eat too much and keep thin carrying it around. 

To most American women the appalling rapidity with which 
fat is taken on at middle age is a problem which neither religion 
nor science solves ; and yet the men or women who permit them- 
selves to become overweight invite disease in at the door, make 
death a constant terror, and rob life of its best and most fruitful 
period. Women who pass the age of fifty should have twenty-five 
years more of healthful, vigorous activity. Released from the di- 
rect cares and burdens of motherhood a woman at this period of 
her life should be at liberty to get out into the world and achieve 
many public and private triumphs which were denied her during 
her years of active child-bearing. Yet into these years of wonderful 
possibilities stalks the ever-present tendency of that human body 
which is fitted up with active internal organs, to lay on fat and 
still more fat. 

Fat is unbecoming, a burden to its possessor, and a constant 
menace to health and long life. 

You hear women say they eat very little and that water 
fattens them. Shucks ! They know better and you know better. 
It is true that they have inside of them a magnificent digestive fac- 
tory that converts every ounce of superfluous food into fatty tis- 
sue ; and then when the system can no longer make fat it makes 
trouble. Varicose veins, rheumatism, kidney trouble, torpid liver, 
cancerous stomach and fatty degeneration of the heart, all join 
hands with excessive food supplies to make a woman miserable 
and quite unable to do her work. Fat people need not eat much 
to keep fat, but they certainly ate altogether too much when they 
were getting fat. 

What are you going to do about it? Keep on being fat and 
getting fatter ? Well, that is for you to say. 

How can one get thin and keep thin ? Simplest way in the 
world. Eat only enough to keep the body properly nourished, of 
material that will not make fat, and the miracle is accomplished. 
All the religion in the world and all the science in the world won't 
avail you if you have no will power to stop eating fat-producing 
foods that crowd the body with superfluous tissue. 

There are many forms of diet recommended. One of them 
I saw tried was an exclusive diet of the skimmest of skim milk 
and rice for three months. Another form! of diet is to live on 
meat and vegetables without butter or grease or any kind of sweets 
or rice in its various forms in place of wheat bread. The body re- 
only as much as will keep the weight down to the figure you want. 



FAT AND FIFTY. 265 

Fat people are usually troubled with short breath. They 
have weak livers — and these belong always in the constipated 
class — such would do well to stop eating flour bread and use corn 
or rice in their -various forms in place of wheat bread. The body re- 
quires just so much blood and muscle-building material, and it can 
be obtained from any of the grains mixed plentifully with vege- 
tables and fruits and meat once a day, if these are rightly pro- 
portioned to the human system. 

"The world's greatest food scientist was an Italian, born in 
the fifteenth century. He lived far into the sixteenth century. He 
was one hundred and three years of age when he died. 

'Tn his fortieth year he had been given up to die by his 
physicians. The verdict of his physicians came to him as a shock. 
He awakened to the dangers before him and began to study life's 
deepest and most mysterious problem — that of living scientifically. 
"Luigi Cornaro was the name of this man, a native of Italy. 
He controlled his fate. He lengthened his life by more than sixty 
years. 

"If a modern scientist were to discover a definite, depend- 
able means of more than doubling the length of human life, he 
would be acclaimed as a great genius. 

"And yet Cornaro, this renowned Italian, made that praticu- 
lar discovery more than five hundred years ago. He learned that 
the flesh and blood machine that we call the body is created en- 
tirely from the food and drink which is put into the stomach. He 
began to study the cause of disease at its source. 

*'The amount of food that he consumed daily would not make 
a single square meal for the average healthy adult. He consid- 
ered twelve ounces of solid food sufficient for a day's nourish- 
ment. 

"His life story indicates further to an extraordinary degree, 
the value of a yearly fast. During all periods of the year_ his 
diet was extremely light. But for a considerable period previous 
to the appearance of the new crop of grapes, his abstinance from 
food was so extreme as to border closely on a fast. Therefore in 
his advanced age he had the advantage of a yearly fast." (From 
the Dec. Physical Culture Magazine.) 

This man's plan was adopted by the father of Thomas A. Edi- 
son, our great inventor, and is followed strictly by himself, his wife 
and children. To this restricted diet Edison attributes his tremen- 
dous working capacity. 

In these days of war when it is a patriotic duty to save food, 
fat people can well take themselves in hand and save themselves 
discomfort and suffering whlie still serving their Government and 
the cause of humanity nobly. It really should be a disgrace to 
find fat people going about the streets these days. 
Don't you want to be fat? Then don't be. 




^frs. Clarissa Siiiifli JJ^illiaius. 

Red Cross. 

There are always those who willendeavor to belittle the work 
of the Red Cross activities in France. 

"soldiers scotch rumors regarding sale of red cross articles. 

"Soldiers of General Pershing's expeditionar}' force who, un- 
designedly started rumors that the American Red Cross — ^or its 
representatives — had been .selling sweaters and other articles to 
the troops, are hastening to correct the false impression. A care- 
ful investigation made by the Red Cross clearly establishes the 
fact that there is no basis for any such charge. 

"A cablegram states that Lieutenant H. A. Deesback, of the 
16th Infantry, American Expeditionary Force, has obtained the 
following' signed copy of a letter from Oscar B. Hopkins, Co. G, 
16th Infantry, to ]\Irs. Minerva Allison, dated February 17, 1918: 

" 'I am writing a line to correct a statement regarding a letter 
I wrote you November 14, 1917. concerning the Red Cross. In 
a thoughtless moment I wrote that the Red Cro.s'^ charged two 
prices for things they sold us ; but as a matter of fact I have never 
known them to sell anything to anyone, as far as I know myself. 
I am, indeed, sorry that my thoughtlessness caused this, and I 
want you to show this letter to any of the Red Cross workers and 
offer my apologies.' " 

Nurses. 

A call has been made on the National Red Cross Association 
for .S,000 nurses between now and June 1. Nearly 7,000 nurses 
have already been supplied, but the need for more grows daily 
more imperative. It is estimated that v30,000 will be needetl for 
this year. 

PARIS notes. 

"The Red Cross has now five portaljle laundries in operation 
at the base hospitals. These laundries have proved of great value 
to the hospitals and others are to be installed as soon as possible." 

Tobacco and the Red Cross. 

While this Society may not be the only factor in determining 
the following changed attitude of the Red Cross at Washington, 



PATRIOTIC DEPARTMENT. 267 

we feel sure that our protest, which was forwarded to Senator 
Smoot, has received profound consideration. Washington head- 
quarters says : 

"It is not the desire of the Red Cross that any individuals 
opposed to the use of tobacco or cigarettes should against their 
will take part in the furnishing of these articles to the soldiers." 

Letters to Soldiers. 

In sending out letters to soldiers, either here or in Europe, 
spell out proper names fully. Initials are very uncertain and 
often misleading. Do not use pencils. Be sure your envelopes 
are stout and well made. Write addresses very plainly — typewrite 
them if possible. Packages to be forwarded should be very care- 
fully wrapped in heavyweight paper, canvass, or good cloth bags, 
with the address written on a shipping-tag and the name of the 
sender also on the bag. 

hisiiraiice for Soldiers. 

It is interesting to know that more than $12,000,000 worth 
of insurance has been written by the Government on the lives of 
American soldiers, sailors and nurses. This represents financial 
safety for families and dependants left at home. 

J^ree Delivery. 

The Government is appealing to women to exercise self- 
control and patriotism in carrying bundles home from stores that 
can be well handled ; while all stores are appealed to on the "single 
delivery" ])lan. No goods will be sent home on approval, and 
only one delivery a day will be used. We make a personal appeal 
to the members of the Relief Society everywhere to help as much 
as they possibly can in the delivery of their own goods and to be 
good-natured about the new patriotic ruling. 

State Council of Defense. 

The State Committee has completed the organization of 
County Committees throughout the state of Utah, and all are now 
busily engaged in co-ordinating the various activities of women's 
war work locally. Educational and Child Welfare features are 
.particularly well knit, and the work is progressing favorably 
throughout. 

Use of the Telephone. 

Patriotic women are urged to assist in cutting out social con- 
versations on the telephone during the busy hours of the morning. 
This will include mostly the young people of the house as the 
older women are too busy in the morning to bother with telephone 
gossip. However, we make the appeal to all our sisters to join 
in this movement and thus do a little towards lightening the bur- 
dens of the telephone business. 




Jauette A. Hyde. 

This month we are fortunate in the presentation of the follow- 
ing articles : 

MAKING THE GARDEN HELP FEED THE FAMILY. 

By Dr. M. C. Merrill. Horticulturist, Utah Agricultural College. 

The problem of making the garden feed the family this year 
as it has never done before is vibrating with interest and teem- 
ing with possibilities. It is a problem worthy of the best talents 
and the most earnest efforts that we can muster into the service. 
Merely to plant a garden is not sufificient. No problem worthy 
the name is involved in that. The real problem comes in the 
proper utilization of all our garden resources, for the call to the 
war gardens of 1918 has in it the response to the boastful chal- 
lenge of starvation and it therefore means that the call must be 
answered in terms of thought, effort, and results. Food and hunger 
are in deadly combat and the momentous problem is to make food 
win and thus end the war. 

Now how shall we go about it to make the garden do its ut- 
most to feed the family? Fitst and foremost should come our 
plans in regard to the three things involved, which are: L The 
garden itself, its location, extent, and soil; 2. The crops, the 
varieties, and the amounts to plant; 3. The actual work of plant- 
ing and caring for the garden. In other words, our problem is 
where to plant, what to plant, and how to plant and care for it. 
Just as thought precedes the act; just as a general lays plans be- 
fore taking his troops into battle ; and just as a definite plan is 
made before the house is constructed : so should the commander of 
the garden plan the campaign in advance of the actual operation. 
In our plans we will avoid the mistakes of last year. While it is 
a positive necessity that we increase our garden production this 
year, we should not rashly plov/ up valuable lawns, nor plant seeds 
in infertile ground where they will not grow or where there is not 
sufficient water to irrigate them. Seeds are scarce this year and 
must not be wasted. 

Turning our attention first to the garden itself, its location, 
extent and soil, let us consider some fundamental priciples in 



HOME SCIENCE DEPARTMENT. 269 

regard to those conditions. The location, the slope or exposure, 
the amount of shade are all important. If the location is on slop- 
ing ground it will be found that a southerly exposure is much 
earlier than a northerly one. though it requires more water. The 
amount of the ground shaded by neighboring trees is an impor- 
tant matter, especially on the smaller lots, and will have much to 
do with the quantities grown on a given space. To produce 
crops, sunshine is just as important as water, for without sunlight 
the materials making up the vegtable food that man eats can not 
be manufactured by the plant. 

All too little thought is given to the size of the area on which 
the o-arden crops are to be grown. Under normal conditions there 
is a'Very definite relation between the size of the garden and the 
number of people it will feed. As a general thing our gardens 
are larger than need be and hence either garden produce or the 
ground goes to waste. This year we must Hooverize our gardens 
in every possible way. That means that every cultivated foot of 
ground must do its biggest bit. While even the farm garden 
should be cultivated intensively, that applies with double force to 
the small city or suburban garden. In the city the value of a unit 
area of land is very much greater than in the country and hence it 
must be utilized to the utmo,st. Where that is done it is simply 
astonishing what quantities can be produced from small areas. 

Valuable aids to intensive prodution are systems of companion 
cropping and succession cropping. By companion cropping is 
meant that two or more crops occupy the land at the same time m 
alternate hills or in close proximity to each other. By succession 
cropping is meant planting the later crops on ground that has al- 
ready produced an early crop. Our gardens bear evidence of 
wasteful extravagance every year in that we allow weeds to be- 
come the late crop rather than plant useful and desirable crops 
on the ground as .soon as the early crop is harvested. 

Now we come to the soil. Of all areas, garden soils should 
probably, be made the most fertile, since they are called upon for 
the most intensive production. Yet how often do we find them 
unfertilized ! Many people, especially in the larger cities where 
manure is somewhat scarce and hard to obtain, last year 
planted gardens on unmanured ground and then wondered why 
they did not have good crops. Let me urge that every garden be 
heavily manured and then have the manure incorporated in the. 
soil by plowing or spading before the seeds are planted. It would 
have been better to have manured and then plowed the soil in the 
fall, but far better do it this spring than not at all. Many soils 
contain so much clay that they are easily packed and baked and 
cannot therefore give the best i esults. The best thing in the world 



270 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

for such soils, to loosen them up, make them more workable and 
more productive, is a heavy application of barnyard manure in- 
corporated into the soil. Commercial fertilizers, although they 
contain the plant food so necessary for plants, can not satisfac- 
torily take the place of manure, and especially on heavy clay soil. 
The second phase of our problem now demands consideration 
— the crops, the varieties, and the amounts to plant. Let this 
point be emphasized : vegetable crops vary greatly in their re- 
quirements and hence if the best results are to be obtained they 
nmst be treated differently. One of the frequent causes of dis- 
appointment with the garden is failure to recognize this fact. The 
garden crops are divided into two general groups, those requiring 
a cool season and those requiring a warm season for their major 
growth. The following list gives the subdivisions under each of 
these heads and suggests the season for each : 

VEGETABLE CROPS. 

A. Rcqitiriiii:; Cool Season. 

1. Cannot endure heat: Garden cress, kohlrabi, lettuce, 

mustard, peas, radishes, turnips, spinach, rutabagas. 

2. Cannot endure excessive heat, yet have long season of 

growth (usually started in hot beds) : Early cab- 
bage, early cauliflower, early celery, head and Cos 
lettuce. 

3. Can endure heat and have long season : Beets, carrots, 

chard, kale, collards. New Zealand .spinach, parsley, 
endive, upland cress, leeks, onions, parsnips, early po- 
tatoes, salsify. 

4. Escape the heat by making most of their growth in au- 

tumn : Late cabbage, late cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, 
broccoli, celeriac, late celery. 

B. Requiring Warm Season. 

1. Short season crops: String an.d Lima beans, sweet and 

pop corn, musk- and water-melons, cucumbers, okra, 
squash, pumpkins. 

2. Long season crops (usually started in hot beds) : Toma- 

toes, peppers, eggplants, sweet potatoes. 

It will be noticed that the above list includes many crops not 
commonly grown in Utah and surrounding states. By neglect- 
ing to grow some of these, which are also easily grown, we are 
missing a golden opportunity for enriching our tables with ,some 
of the most delicious bounties of nature. Let me mention a few 
of these and urge that you give them a trial this summer. Then 



HOME SCIEXCE DEPARTMENT. 271 

next year add some more to your list. After that you will never 
be without them. 

Kohlrabi, head lettuce, Swiss chard, kale. New Zealand 
spinach, endive, and salsify will give us a delightful start this 
year. 

Regarding varieties, a subject sadly neglected by too many, 
it should be said that more forethought should be given in their 
selection. As individual people differ from each other in their 
talents and characteristics so do varieties differ markedly from 
each other in their characteristics and qualifications. Some are 
early, some are mid-season, some are late ; some are round, some 
flat, some long ; some are one color, some another : some are uni- 
versally desirable, some are mediocre. So if we would get ex- 
actly what we like and want and avoid disappointing substitutes 
we will pay more attention to our choice of varieties and we will 
not be satisfied to plant any old thing. In that case the study of 
varieties and their adaptations to our particular needs would be 
of stimulating interest to us. 

The amounts of each crop or of each variety which should be 
planted h^s long remained an unsolved problem with most people. 
In fact, no attempt is ordinarily made to solve the problem at all 
on the basis of actual needs. As a suggestive guide the following 
table gives the approximate amount of each of the common garden 
crops to plant under ordinary conditions for each member of the 
family : 

Beans : 25 ft. row. Parsley : 5 ft. row. 

Beets : 25 ft. row. Parsnips : 20 ft. row. 

Cabbage : 10 plants. Peas : 25 ft. double row. 

Carrots : 25 ft. row. Radishes : 10 ft. double row. 

Cauliflower : 10 plants. Spinach : 10 ft. row. 

Corn. Sweet: 15 hills. Squash: 2 hills. 

Lettuce : 10 ft. row. Tomatoes : 8 plants. 

Onions: 35 ft. row. Turnips: 10 ft. row. 

Of course the above amounts are only suggestive and will 
need modification on the basis of the individual preferences of 
members of the family. The quantities given should be multiplied 
according to the number in the family. 

Finally we come to the third phase of our garden problem, 
that of the actual work in planting and caring for the garden. 
This of course should be done in conformity to a definite pre- 
arranged plan. \Mien we go into the garden with our seeds and 
our planting tools we should know exactly the row or part of a 
row in which each crop and each variety is to be planted, the dis- 



272 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

tance of the rows apart, the amount of seed to use .per hundred 
feet, and the numher of rows or parts of a row for each variety. 

The seedhed shoukl be in excellent condition with the proper 
moisture content in the soil so the seeds will germinate at once. 
The depth of planting should vary with the size of the seed, the 
smaller the seed, the less deeply it is planted. For the more 
slowly germinating- seed as parsnips and carrots it is frequently 
advisable to plant quickdy germinating seed, as radish, to mark 
the row. Weeds should be kept down, insects controlled, and 
proper cultivation and irrigation given. If a vigorous effort is 
made to solve the various problems indicated, the harvest should 
be abundant and the family correspondingly well fed. 

Summarizing then, we should do the following : measure our 
garden, make a definite plan of it on paper, study seed catalogues, 
choose the best varieties, order our seed, inckide some of the ex- 
cellent vegetables we have not grown before in our seed order, 
have the soil well manured and plowed and harrowed or spadeVl, 
jjlant our crops according to schedule, grow companion and suc- 
cession crops where possible or advisable, and make everv foot 
of soil produce as it has never pro(kiced before. 

The battle :s on and the fight must be won. The garden must 
do its share in the conflict by helping to feed the family. 



MY SONG. 
By Grace Ingles Frost. 

My song is not of majesty and splendor, 

Like those, the great ones of the earth have sung. 

But just a little song with cadence tender. 

Of life and love, from vibrant heart strings wrung. 

Of life, as it lies within the cradle. 

Unfolding lilvc the blossom, day by day ; 

Life struggling for expression, imtil able 
To try its feet upon the world's highway. 

Love-clothed service, laboring for others. 
Wearing on its brow the thorny crown. 

Yet seeking to uplift, sustain its brothers. 

By ruthless hands thrust out and trampled down. 

Of life with love, and love with life combining, 

To form a perfect harmony sublime. 
With notes c'evoid of sadness or repining, 

Till man like God is merged in the divine. 



Current Topics. 

B\ James H. Anderson. 

Two Boston men have invented a gtm that will fire 33,000 
bullets per minute. 

Persia is suffering appalling distress owing to the war ; yet 
Persia is technicallv neutral. 



Italy has seized German property there, following the ex- 
ample of the United States. 

The Plague made its appearance in China in March, caus- 
ing numerous fatalities at Nanking. 

The Turks have resumed their atrocities in Armenia, since 
Russia came under the .disintegrating process. 

Anti-womax suffragists intend to start a paper at Wash- 
ington, D. C. But equal suffrage moves on just the same. 

Mexico still is in the throes of internal strife, with prospects 
of further and more serious outbreaks in the near future. 

Cabarets in Chicago are to go out of business May 1 — an- 
other reduction in the number of crime-breeding saloons. 

Utah assesses sheep higher than any other western State; 
it is second on horses. Ihird on cattle, and lowest on swine. 

"The end of the war is far distant," says U. S. Secretary 
of the Interior Lane ; and he hits the nail squarely on the head. 

Japax figures that it will yet have to take control of eastern 
Russia, lest German submarines will find their way into the Pacific 
ocean. 



Americax troops in France are giving a good account of 
themselves, being equal in active service to the best men of other 
nations on the battle line. 

A Newark, N. J., court has decided that a husband has not 



274 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

the lethal right to kiss his wife against her will; thus man's rights 
are being steadily curtailed. 



loAiio is to have an extra session of its legislature in April, 
to enact laws against seditious utterances there, according to a 
statement issued bv Tiov. Alexander, of that State. 



"War gardi:x.s'" and every means of producing food in 1918 
are necessary in the intermountain region — indeed, an urgent 
necessity if suffering from hunger is to be averted. 



The GOVERN' mext has ordered the seizure of wheat in Ohio 
and other States, because the farmers refused to put the grain on 
the market at the price fixed by law. 



Ger.maxv now has big guns which bombard Paris from a 
distance of seventy-six miles. It is said that guns having this 
range soon will be turned, on London. 



The Japanese refuse to send troops to the western Europe 
battle line, saying that Japan is an oriental nation and her opera- 
tions should be confined to oriental lands — which shows that the 
Japs have a wise head. 



A cigarette, carelessly thrown on the floor in a Jersey City, 
X. J., factory on ]\ larch 26, caused an explosion and fire resulting' 
in a loss of two niillion dollars. Yet cigarettes continue to be 
allowed to employes at work. 



Letters from American soldiers in France say there is plenty 
of sugar, vegetables, fish and meats there, but a great scarcity of 
wheat for bread : hence the further necessity for considerable 
wheat supplies from this country. 



39.500 siioT.s without nfissing was the record of the test of 
the new Browning gun — the most deadly weapon of its cl^ss 
known in warfare, being developed from the machine gun in- 
vented and used during the American civil war. 



CoxcRETE-HULL ships, lightly reinforced with steel, are pro- 
nounced a success, since one was launched at a California ship- 
yard in ^larch. They can be built in less than one-fourth the 
time it takes to construct a steel ship of the same capacity. 

Fruit preserving and canning is being urged on the people 



CURRENT TOPICS. 275 

■of Utah for this season ; yet the restriction on the quantity of 
sugar obtainable at one time, under the food regulations, is re- 
garded by many as a serious handicap in following the advice. 



Farmers in Utah raised vast quantities of potatoes in 1917, 
and many thousands of bushels are going- to waste, because of the 
excess supply here ; so the farmers say they will limit the 1918 
planting of potatoes for a crop less likely to bring them direct 
loss. 

A STANDARD BLOUSE, which the women of Germany declare 
to be a "shapeless monstrosity," is being provided by the govern- 
ment there ; it is of a fabric which contains neither wool nor cot- 
ton. If the women of Germany had the freedom existing in this 
country, the "shapelessness" at least would be removed. 



Dutch ships in American ports have been taken over by the 
United States government, under international law. Many of 
the Dutch were angry, but they will be paid for the use of the 
ships, and the taking over will check the shipment of supplies 
purchased by Hollanders in America and shipped through to 
Germanv. 



Spieriffs in Utah have asked the Governor to call an extra 
session of the Legislature to provide, under the plea of war neces- 
sity, that there shall be no election of sherififs in 1918, but that the 
])resent officials shall hold over. There is about as much need 
for this as there is for asking that State and National officials hold 
over for the same reason. 



Palestine is gradually passing into British control. By 
]\Iarch 31, British troops had advanced to near Nablous, the an- 
cient Shechem. on the west of the Jordan, and to Es Salt, the 
ancient Ramoth-Gilead, on the east of that stream, or about half- 
way from the Dead Sea to the Sea of Galilee. At Amman, the 
ancient Rabboth-Ammon, they established themselves on the rail- 
wav running from Damascus to Arabia. 



Numerous letters from those in the ranks of the 145th 
Light Field Artillery, the Utah regiment at Camp Kearny, Cal., 
uniformly tell of the respect, amounting to afifection, felt for their 
commander, Richard W. Young, of L^tah. It is freely stated that 
the suggestion, and even the thought regarding conduct, that "the 
Colonel might not like it if he knew" has deterred many a young 
soldier from engaging in pranks or conduct that otherwise would 
be indulged in freely. 




B\ Amy Broim Lyman, General Secretary. 



RELIEF SOCIETY STAKE CONFERENCES FOR 1918. 

The Relief Society stake conferences appointed for May, 
Tune and July will be held in connection with the stake quarterly 
"conferences; those appointed for November will be held inde- 
pendently. 

Conference Dates. 

May 4th and 5th— Curlew, Alberta, St. Johns. Raft River, 
South Sanpete, Wayne. 

May 11th and 12th— Emery, Millard. Juab, Taylor. Snow- 
fls-kc Tu3.rcz 

May 18th and 19th— San Juan, Moapa, Shelley, Bannock, 
Maricopa. Malad, Blackfoot. 

May 19th and 20th— Teton. 

May 25th and 26th— Bingham, Portncuf, St. Joseph, Poca- 
tello. Young. 

lune 1st and 2nd — Rigby, Panguitch. Big Horn, Idaho, San 
Luis. 

June 8th and 9th— Uintah. Kanab. Morgan, Oneida. 

June 15th -and 16th — St. George, North Sanpete, Star Val- 
ley, Union. 

June 22nd and 23rd — Sevier, Fremont, Bear Lake, Deseret, 
Carbon, Parowan. 

June 29th and 30th — Duchesne, MontpeHer. 

July 20th and 21st — Benson, Hyrum, Tooele. Tintic. 

July 27th and 28th — Wasatch, Woodruff. Cassia, Yellow- 
stone, Beaver. 

August 3rd and 4th — Boise. 

November (dates to be arranged later) — Alpine, Bear River, 
Box Elder, Cache. Carbon, Cottonwood, South Davis, Ensign, 
Granite. Jordan, Liberty. Nebo. North Davis, North Weber, Og- 
den. Pioneer. Salt Lake, Summit. Utah, Weber, 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 277 



PROGRAM 



For Stakes holding conferences in connection with quarterly con- 
ferences : n J n^ 
First Session. Meeting of Stake Officers and Stake Board Mem- 
bers, Saturday, 4 :00 p. m. 
Sepond Session. General Session. Saturday, 7 :00 p. m. 
Third Session. Public Session, Quarterly Conference, Sunday, 

norning. 

Amy Brown Lyman, 

General Secretary. 

Annual Dues. 

It is very gratifying to the General Board that so many stakes 
are making a point of sending in the annual dues in January of 
each year. It is evident that the change of time for paying dues 
from March to January is very satisfactory. 

Ulieat. 

A question came to the General Relief Society Office recently 
asking how wheat money should be sent in to the Presiding 
Bishop's Office. As other soc'eties may not understand the proper 
procedure in this matter, we give the following ruling in the 
matter by the Presiding Bishop's Office. All money sent to the 
Presiding Bishop's Office for the purchase and storage of wheat, 
should be sent directly to the Presiding Bishop's Office from the 
ward societ-es. rather than to have it go through the stakes. This 
arrangement makes it much easier for the Bishop's Office to take 
care of the wheat accounts, and the receipts for wheat are sent 
directly to the ward presidents. The General Board, therefore, 
recommends that, when money is to be sent to the Presiding 
Bishop's Office, for wheat, that it be sent directly from the ward 
treasurer to the Presiding Bishop's Office. 

Bound Copies of Relief Society Magazine. 

While the subscription list of the Magazine is very large, it is 
surprising how few members of the Relief Society are having 
their magazines bound. Each stake and ward should make it a 
pomt to have bound volumes of the Magazine for future refer- 



ence. 



Alberta Stake. 

Mrs. Fannie B. Spencer, President of the Del Bonita Branch 
of the Relief Society, writes that her little Society is so isolated 
that were it not for the Relief Society Magazine it would_ be 
almost impossible to keep up Avith the work of the organization. 
She states that last year they had ten members and that eight of 
them were subscribers to the Magazine. It is a wonderful show- 



278 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

mg to have 80^^ of the enrolled members on the Magazine sub- 
scription list. 

luvison Stake. 

Report comes from Benson stake that one of the small wards 
of thirty-six members has twenty-seven subscribers to the Maga- 
zine. 

South Dai'is Stake. 

bor the convenience of stake board members the officers of 
the South Davis stake make appointments the first of the year for 
the visits of board members to the various wards. Each board 
member is expected to visit officially one ward each month and 
with the appointments made at the beginning- of the year, board 
members are able to make the necessary plans and preparations 
for visits. A ty])evvritten list of these appointments is furnished 
each board member, so that no misunderstanding' occurs. 

During- the past year, every fifth Tuesday has been devoted 
by Relief Society members to special visits to the sick and aged 
who cannot attend the Relief Society meetings. In some asso- 
ciations the women have made it a practice to spend one whole day 
a month with each sick and aged person, while other associations 
have special teachers whose 'duty it is to see that the sick and 
aged are not allowed to become lonely. 

One association has furnished some very complete layettes 
for Irrespective mothers. 

A great deal of interest is being manifested in Temple work. 
Once each month a group representing all of the wards visits the 
Temple. In some instances there are fifteen representatives from 
a single ward. 

Eight Liberty Bonds have been ])urchase(l in this stake. 
The Stake Board purchased one, and one ward in the stake bought 
two. 

The Stake Board has just comjilcted a very successful tour 
through the stake with an entertainment which they arranged with 
the hel]) of the ward associations. They were assisted by a number 
of young girls. Each Society was represented in some feature of 
the i)rogram wliich was in a large measure original ; $120.00 net 
was cleared from these performances for philanthropic work. 

Idaho Stake. 

The Relief Society of the Idaho stake has been asked to assist 
in furnishing the Idaho Stake Tabernacle. The women are, there- 
fore, arranging for socials and other entertainments through 
which they expect to raise money for this purpose. 



KOTES FROM THE FIELD. 279 

Panguifch Stake. 

In order to keep in the closest possible touch with the ward 
work, the Panguitch Stake Relief Society officers require the fol- 
lowing written report monthly from the various wards : 

RELIEF SOCIETY MONTHLY REPORT. 

Ward Stake Alonth. Year 

Number of meetings held 

Attendance at each meeting 

Class work 1st subject 

Class work 2nd subject 

Class work 3rd subject 

Clas.s work 4th subject 



ACTIVITIES. 



Charity Fund 

General Fund • • • 

Days spent with sick 

Number of special visits to sick 

Money donated for Temple work 

Number of days spent in Temple work 

Number of visits by teachers 

President .' 1st Counselor. 

2nd Counselor Secretary. 



COURAGE. 

By Mrs. Parley Xelson. 

Tis easy to smile when the skies are blue, 
With song birds trilling the whole day through ; 
\\'hile roses nod o'er the garden wall. 
And over the earth bright sunbeams fall. 
Tis easy to sing when the heart is gay, 
When rose-tints herald the dawn of day ; 
When rippling brooks and droning bees 
Call to each other 'neath blossoming trees. 
When storm clouds lower and life's agloom. 
Only the brave heart keeps in tune. 
There's depth to a soul that can sing in the rain 
And smile in the presence of sorrow and pain. 



War Economy in Clothes. 

MAKING OVER. 

By Lillian CatDion. 

In the March number of the Magazine, the subject of darn- 
ing and patching was discussed. In the making over of old 
clothes we will consider only that clothing which is no longer 
fit for the purpose for which it was made. Cutting down or 
making over is always attended with some waste of material, 
so it is no war economy to make over anything that can be worn 
as it is with a little cleaning, darning, or patching. It makes the 
truly economical person almost weep to see a perfectly good dress 
of an adult cut down to make a dress for a small child, or a 
good overcoat of a man cut down to make a child's coat. 

At the present time there is a shortage of wool in the nation 
The army and navy need wool clothing. Soldiers and sailors are 
exposed to the weather and must be protected. Wool material 
is the only kind that will adequately clothe them. There has 
been a heavy drain on our production of wool for this purpose. 
Our supply from Australia is practically cut off as the ships 
that were used to bring wool to us from that country are now 
used to carry food to the starving people in Europe. Civilians 
must economize in wool materials in order to furnish the neces- 
sary supply to the army and navy. 

The problem of wool supply became so serious that the 
Commercial Economy Board of the Council of National Defense 
have done what they could to solve it. This Board tries to teach 
the importance of economy in seemingly trivial things, because 
the aggregate waste in the nation is large, even in small in- 
dividual cases. This Board sent representatives to the fashion 
makers, the tailors and the manufacturers of men's, women's and 
children's clothing to see if they could help in the matter. All re- 
sponded patriotically, and as a result cloth which was formerly 
used for mere ornamentation is now ,saved for essential things. 
One item alone shows what an immense saving in the aggregate is 
made from slight individual savings. It has been the custom of 
manufacturers of wool cloth to send large samples to tailors. The 
Commercial Economy Board thought these samples were unneces- 
sarily generous and asked the manufacturers if they wouldn't re- 
duce the size. This they did only a few inches, but the total sav- 
ings from a ' comparatively small group of tailors amounted to 
223,108 yards. 



WAR ECONOMY IN CLOTHES. 281 

These facts being true, utilizing the wool material on hand 
by each family in the most economical way would result in an 
immense saving in the aggregate. 

father's worn-out trousers. 

If father has a business that requires him to "dress up" for it, 
he will probably discard clothes long before they are worn out. 
Don't cut down a pair of eight-dollar trousers to make a child's 
pair worth one dollar and a half. Mend and clean them and give 
them to some one who will wear them as they are, or if you feel 
that you can't afiford to give them away, sell them for the price 
of a pair for the small boy and buy him new ones. If they are 
too badly worn out for further wear as they are, make a pair for 
the small boy with them. By reinforcing worn places with in- 
visible patches on the wrong side and by "piecing," two pairs of 
small trousers can be made from one large pair. 

Cut the two pairs of backs from the backs of the large 
trousers and the two pairs of fronts from the large fronts. Work 
strong buttonholes on new, unbleached muslin, and make the 
pockets of like material. 

Father's old coats can be used for the boy's trousers, if the 
material is matched carefully and pieced to make it large enough 
for the pattern. 

father's worn-out shirts. 

The material in men's clothing is much better, as a rule, than 
that in women's clothing. The reason probably is (and it is said 
to their credit) men wear their clothing longer than women wear 
theirs, so better material must be used. The styles change but 
little from year to year, and if a man buys a good suit he doesn't 
discard it until it is worn out. Good material is used in father's 
best shirts. They are usually worn out first at the collars and 
cuffs. There is much good material left in them when he can't 
wear them any longer. They can be made into dainty aprons for 
• mother for afternoon wear. Make a gored apron using the back 
of the shirt for the front gore and the two parts of the front or 
the shirt for the side gores. Make the bib and strings and pockets 
from the sleeves. 

The "little boy'.s" blouses can be made from the shirts. 
Father's best shirts are usually of light colors, so they made fine 
blouses for "little boy's" very best. The back of the blouse can 
be made of the back of the shirt and the front of the blouse from 
the fronts of the shirt, the sleeves from the top part of the shirt 
sleeves and the collars and cuffs from the tail of the shirt. If 



282 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"little boy" wears it .only for best it will last him over a year and 
will look well to the very last. The shirts may also be used to 
make bib aprons for "little girl" to keep her Sunday frock clean. 
If -silk shirts are worn for best, they can be made into beau- 
tiful waists for the "young- lady" of the house. 

OLD DRESSES. 

In handling' a su1)ject so large, space will not permit one to 
go much into details. Only a few general directions can be given. 
The first thing to remember is that whatever is worth doing at all 
is worth well. Pick the old dress entirely to pieces. Clean and 
wash and press thoroughly. In the washing of most materials 
nothing is better than good soap and warm water. Make a good 
suds first, then immerse the goods and squeeze with the hands. 
Do not rub. When clean, rinse in warm water. It may be ironed 
immediately, or may be partially dried first. Iron on the wrong 
side until thoroughly dry. 

Skirts are narrow now, so there should be enough material 
to make a complete dress. As a rule it .does not pay to buy new 
material to use with the old. If expensive, it is apt to make the 
old material look more old in contrast and does not give the 
satisfaction an entirely new dress or even a new blouse can give. 
In this day of combination of materials, try combining two old 
dresses, for example, serge and silk or .satin of the same color 
or black, with any other color, or plaid with a plain color. Save 
what you might spend for new material until you have enough 
to buy an entirely new skirt or blouse or dress, then buy thrift 
stamps or bonds with the money and help Uncle Sam win the war. 

Buy a good pattern, read the directions carefully and cut the 
.dress from it. Then there will be but a sma.ll chance for making 
mistakes. Cut out and sew as carefully as if you were mak- 
ing a new dress. 

HOME-MADE GOODS 

It is in order now. after President Smith's rousing talk on 
Home Industry, at Conference, to suggest that our sisters secure 
some Provo Woollen Mills cloth" for dresses and boys' trousers. 
While busy fingers could well engage in knitting good, long-wear- 
ing socks for father and the boys to wear in the coming winter 
season. This will relieve the stocking machines and permit them 
to work altogether for the soldiers. 



May Entertainments. 

By Marag. 

The sweet old May Day custom of hanging baskets of spring 
flowers on }'our friends' doors, is a charming way to remember the 
aged, the home-bound, and the sick. Send a few flowers to 
ail such with a cheery greeting. Remember and keep 
Mother's Day — visit her, write to her, send her some flowers. 
Her heart is heavy and sad this year, with her boys so far away. 

Celebrate Parents' Day in your schools, churches and homes 
with music, song and oratory. 

Keep "Better Baby" week. Remember Decoration Day, our 
patriotic holiday. Visit the graves of the loved ones. Display 
"Old Glory," and attend the patriotic exercises. Decoration Day 
i'; a fitting time to hold and organize family genealogical asso- 
ciations. 

SPRING PARTIES 

Cost little but you will find them lots of fun. 

STORK PARTY 

Better Baby week com,es in Alay, and stork showers are in 
order this month for waiting mothers. It would be nice to make 
this a luncheon for one o'clock. Decorate the rooms and table 
with apple blossoms, and serve a ''Hoover" luncheon. 

Place-cards may be decorated with baby heads, or a "mother" 
quotation. Napkins may be folded and pinned with safety-pins. 

After luncheon, the gifts may be presented to the guest of 
honor, and the afternoon may be spent hemming dainty baby 
towels, provided by the hostess — ^the workers instructed to em- 
liroider the word "Baby" in pink or blue cross-stitch. The fol- 
lowing questions may Idc written on cards and answered by the 
guests : 

What hood is most becoming to women ? Most interesting ? 

What acts as baby's main security? 

What do mothers and sailors most dread? 

What article of bedding does baby resemble? 

What part of baby's clothing is musical? 

What food is paternal in name? 

Answers: 1. Motherhood. 2. Babyhood. 3. Safety-pin. 
4. Squalls. 5. Comforter. 6. Band. 7. Pap. 



284 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Sentiments for Place Cards. 

"Children are the anchors that hold a mother to life." 

"Every child pays its way." 

"Hearts grow fit for heaven molded by childish hands." 

"The mother's heart is the child's schoolroom." 

"The Lord could not be everywhere, so he made mothers." 

"So children are a heritage from the Lord." 

A NOVEL ANNOUNCEMENT. 

From sweet Isaiah's sacred song, ninth chapter and verse six, 
first thirteen words please take, and then the following affix : 
From Genesis the thirty-fifth, verse seventeen, no more. Then 
add verse twenty-six of Kings, book second, chapter four. The 
last two verses, chapter first, first book of Samuel. And you will 
learn what on that day, your loving son befell. 

What happened? 

A GARDEN SHOWER FOR THE SPRING BRIDE. 

A delightful shower was recently held at the new suburban 
home of a spring bride. A dozen or more of her women friends 
gathered on a spring afternoon, each provided with a thrifty shrub 
— rose bush or root of perennial flowers. Such a jolly time they 
had, planting their various offerings. 

Their men folks were not to be outdone, and as evening drew 
on, each appeared with a box or crate bearing a live chicken or 
rabbit. Much amusement resulted as the various fowls were de- 
posited in the brand new chicken coop, and a humorous account 
of how the fowl was obtained was given. Refreshments were 
served, and the guests left before dark. 

New home makers in the country, even if not brides, would 
surely appreciate this kind of a shower. For the bride who makes 
her home in town, a house plant shower is appropriate. Slips, 
cuttings and various bulbs may be potted at home, or bought for 
a few cents at a florist's, but a word of caution, if such a shower 
is given, be sure the plants are well rooted beforehand, or they 
may prove a disappointment. A program of floral music, or one 
of the many floral guessing games, with light refreshments will 
round out a happy afternoon. 



EDITORIAL 



Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Motto — Charity Never Faileth 

THE GENERAL BOARD , 

Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells President 

Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams First Counselor 

Mrs. Julina L. Smith • Second Counselor 

Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman General Secretary 

Mrs. Susa Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Emma A. Empey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mrs. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Rebecca Niebaur Nioley Mrs. Janette A. Hyde 
Mrs. Julia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Sarah Eddington 

Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Miss Edna May Davis Miss Lillian Cameron 
Mrs. Ida S. Dusenberry 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 

Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

Editor SusA Young Gates 

Business Manager Janette A Hyde 

Assistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Vol. V. MAY, 1918. No. 



FREE AGENCY. 

The great war which covers the earth today 
The War Be- with the fire and smoke of battle is fought, 
tween Earthly not alone between nations, and between kings 
and Divine and potentates. It is the same old struggle 

Forces. which took place in heaven, based on the 

free agency of man. Shall men be coerced 
and policed into goodness and intelligence, or shall they be left 
free to choose their own course? Many of them prefer dis- 
obedience to law and its penalties to keeping laws which are 
arbitrarily laid down by superior earthly or even divine intelli- 
gences. 

When a mother bemoaned to Congressman 
Free- Will. Howell the loose moral surroundings of our 

young people, and wished she could rear her 
boys where there was no smoking, gambling or Sabbath- 
breaking, the Congressman smiled and replied : "There is such 
a place — the penitentiary." Freedom rests upon the will — the 
v/ill to obey or the will to disobey law or persons in authority. 
Obedience to law, with the fundamental guidance of infancy 
and maturity, must form the concrete fotmrlation of that society, 
where liberty reigns. 



286 RRLIHF SOCIHTV MAGAZINE. 

Just here, then, is the dividing line. The Ger- 
The German man government possesses one of the strong- 

Government, est and most efficient governmental machines 

on this earth, while this Church is the most 
perfectly organized religious body in the world. The eternity- 
wide difference r^sts upon the free agency of man. The Ger- 
man government has developed to their highest power the 
fundamental principles of order, system and obedience to hu- 
man law, with much that makes for earthly culture, social 
safetv. and community welfare. But the German government 
rests upon the will and the skill of one man, who forces people 
to be clean, comfortable and educated and who polices them 
into safety and unity ; a man wdno achieved his position through 
the accident of birth, and who asks no man nor set of men for 
their suffrages. The student of the Bible and of the Book of 
Mormon who is familiar with the divine displeasure there ex- 
pressed concerning the rule of kings cannot fail to comprehend 
the evil results to a nation or a people who prefer pomp and 
ceremony under either good or bad kings to the self-control 
and liberty of will gained through wise republican forms of 
government. 

Tlie Russian people today illustrate this prin- 
Poor Russia. ciple. Overturning the rule of kings, through 

one supreme united force, they lack cohesion 
of interest and an inspired leader, w^hile none know how to take 
advantage of the hard-won freedom. Likely they will again 
put the yoke on — the sullen but easy yoke — of thralldom upon 
their shoulders because they know not the difference between 
liberty and license, as they have no unselfish leaders to guide, 
neither do they possess in the mass, trained personal wills. 

The German Latter-day Saints see the difference clearly be- 
tween the free agency of this American government, and espe- 
cially of this divinely organized Church, and of the inherited 
autocracy of the fatherland. They are standing firm and loyal 
to the flag of their adopted country ; for they realize that freedom 
of will and the free agency of man is couched in the inspired 
American Declaration of Independence : "All men are created 
free and equal," and all "have an equal right to life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness." They know that the rulers of this 
nation hold office only as the people elect them, and that each man 
and woman in America holds equal opportunity, equal power with 
every other man and woman citizen. They know also that in so 
far as England, Italy, or even France, lacks the full powers and 
liabilities of free citizenship, in so far as any nation sets up kings 
and rulers who have dominion over the people, their mE^n-m^d^ 



EDITORIAL. 2^7 

rule will be broken, and republican forms of government will 
take the place of kingdoms and principalities. 

This war, therefore, will crush and finally destroy man-made 
kingdoms, the rule of one man without the consent of the gov- 
erned people themselves, while kings and rulers who drink of the 
wine of the fornication of Babylon will be thrown down to earth 
and utterly destroyed. It is Gog and Magog. Who are you? 
A German, an Englishman, or are you a citizen of the land of 
freedom, and of Zion? Liberty grows only in republics. Who 
can fail to see the influence which actuates the Prussian military 
leaders who would force people into culture, and police people into 
goodness, and the true American spirit which wages this war that 
men may be free to choose with liberty for all. 

Let us quote here some fiery and thrilling uterances of one 
of America's greatest, wisest and most famous Americans of 
German birth — Otto H. Kahn. He is not only an international 
financier, he is as well, a noted patron of arts, letters and science. 
His counsel is sought in Washington. He is doing powerful war- 
service through lectures and addresses before great audiences of 
legal, commercial and .social bodies, especially those of German- 
American birth in all the great American cities. Intelligent and 
loyal himself, he speaks with the authority born of knowledge 
and of patriotism : 

"I was and am proud of the great inheritance which came to 
m.e as a birthright and of the illustrious contributions which the 
German people have made to the imperishable assets of the world. 
Until the outbreak of the war in 1914, I maintained close and 
active personal and business relations in Germany. I was well 
acquainted with a number of the leading personages of the coun- 
try. I served personages of the country. I served in the Ger- 
man army thirty years ago. I took an active interest in further- 
ing German art in America. 

"I do not apologize for, nor am I ashamed of, my German 
birth. But I am ashamed — bitterly and grievously ashamed — ^of 
the Germany which stands convicted before the high tribunal of 
the world's public opinion of having planned and willed war; of 
the revolting .deeds committed in Belgium and northern France, 
of the infamy of Uie Lusitania murders, of innumerable viola- 
tions of The Hague Convention and the laws of nations, of abom- 
inable and perfidious plotting in friendly countries and shameless 
abuse of their hospitality, of crime heaped upon crime in hideous 
defiance of the laws of God and men. 

"I cherish the memories of my youth, but these very mem- 
ories make me cry out in pain and wrath against those who have 



288 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

befouled the spiritual soil of the old Germany, in which they were 
rooted. 

"I revere the high ideals and fine traditions of that old Ger- 
many and the time-honored conceptions of right conduct which 
my parents and the teachers of my early youth bade me treasure 
throughout life, but all the more burning is my resentment, all 
the more deeply grounded my hostility, against the Prussian caste 
who ti'ampled those ideals, traditions and conceptions in the dust. 

"To co-operate towards the successful conclusion of the war 
is the one and supreme duty of every American, regardless of 
binth, of sympathies and of political views. The American of 
German descent who, in this time of test and trial, does not serve 
the land of his adoption with the utmost measure of single-minded 
devotion and with every ounce of his power, perjured himself 
when he took his oath of allegiance and proves himself guilty of 
treacherous duplicity. 

"Thank heaven, the number of those lukewarm in their patri- 
otism, or failing in loyalty, is very small indeed, far too small to 
affect the record of Americans of German birth for good citizen- 
ship and service to the country in peace and war. 

"There is abundant evidence that the overwhelming majority, 
indeed all but an insignificant minority, meant what they said 
when they swore full and sole allegiance to America, that they 
will prove themselves wholly worthy of the high privilege of citi- 
zenship and of the generous trust of their native fellow citizens, 
and that they will not fail or falter under any test whatsoever. 

"We will not permit the blood in our veins to drown the con- 
science in our breast. We will heed the call of honor beyond 
the call of race. 

"There are some of you, probably, who will still find it hard 
to believe that the Germany you knew can be guilty of the crimes 
which have made it an outlaw amongst the nations. But do you 
know modern Germany? Unless you have been there within the 
last twenty-five years, not once or twice, but at regular intervals ; 
unless you have looked below the glittering surface of the mar- 
velous material progress and achievement and seen how the soul 
of Germany was being eaten away by the virulent poison of Prus- 
sianism ; unless you have watched and followed the appalling 
transformation of German mentality and morality under the 
nefarious and puissant influence of the priesthood of power- 
worship, you do not know the Germany of this day and generation. 

"It is not the Germany of old, the land of our affectionate 
remembrance. It is not the Germany which men now of middle 
age or over knew in their youth. It is not the Germany of the 
first Emperor William, a modest and God-fearing gentleman. It 



EDITORIAL. 289 

is not the Germany, even, of Bismarck, man of blood and iron 
though he was, who had builded a structure which, whilst not 
founded on liberty, yet was capable and gave promise of going 
down into history as one of the greatest examples of enlightened 
and even beneficent autocracy ; who, in the contemplative and mel- 
lowed wisdom of his old age, often warned the nation against 
the very spirit which, alas, came to have sway over it, and against 
the very war which that spirit unchained. 

"The Germany which brought upon the world the immeas- 
urable disaster of this war, and at whose monstrous deeds and 
doctrines the civilized nations of the earth stand aghast, started 
into definite being less than thirty years ago. I can almost lay 
my finger upon the date and circumstances of its ill-omened ad- 
vent. 

"Less than thirty years ago, a 'new course' was flamboyantly 
proclaimed by tho,se in authority, and the term 'new course' be- 
came the order of the day. With it and from it there came a 
truly marvelous quickening of the energies and creative abilities 
of the nation, a period of material achievement and of social 
progress ; in short, a national forward movement almost un- 
equalled in history. The world looked on in admiration, perhaps 
not entirely free from a tinge of envy. Germany was conquering 
the earth by peaceful penetration ; and no one stood in its way. 
It had free access to all the seas and all the lands. 

"But with that 'new course' and from it there also came a 
new god, a false and evil god. He eaxcted as sacrifices for his 
altars the time-honored ideals of the fathers, and other high and 
noble things. And his commands were obeyed. 

"There came upon the German people a whole train of new 
and baneful influences and impulses, formidably stimulating as a 
powerful drug. There came, amongst other evils, materialism 
and covetousness and irreligion ; overweening arrogance, an im- 
patient contempt for the rights of the weak, a mania for world 
dominion, and a veritable lunacy of power worship. There came 
also a fixed and irrational distrust of the intentions of other na- 
tions, for the evil which had crept into their own souls made 
them see evil in others, and that distrust was nurtured carefully 
and deliberately by those in authority. 

"And, finally, there came 'the day' in which the 'new course,' 
fatally and inevitably, was bound to culminate. There came the 
old temptation, as old as humanity itself. The Tempter took the 
Prussian and Prussianized rulers up a high mountain and showed 
them all the riches and power of the world. Showed them the 
great countries and capitals of the earth teeming with peaceful 
labor — Brussels, Paris, London, aye, and New York, and told 



290 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

them : 'Look at these. Use your power ruthlessly and they are 
yours.' And those rulers did not say: 'Get thee behind me, 
Satan ;' but they .said: 'Lead on, Satan, and we shall follow thee.' 
And follow him they did, and brouj^ht upon the green earth the 
red ruin of hell." 

"The things which made Germany great are not dead, and 
the world cannot afford to allow them to die. They belong to the 
immortal possessions of the human race. 

"They have passed, for the time being, alas, out of the keep- 
ing of the mass of the Germans, whose glorious inheritance they 
were. 

"They are now in the keeping of that minority, not perhaps, 
very great as yet, but growing" steadily, of men in Germany itself 
from whose eyes the scales have begun to fall. They are in the 
keeping of all the nations who appreciate and cherish and are 
determined to maintain those great and high things which the 
civilized world has attained through the toil, sacrifice and suffer- 
ing of its best in the course of many centuries. And, above all, 
they are in the keeping' of the ten or fifteen millions of Americans 
of German descent. 

"As that great American of German birth, Carl Schurz, and 
many other brave and high-minded Germans — my own father, I 
am proud to say, among them — in 1848 .stood in arms against 
Prussian oppression, for liberal ideas and right and truth and 
freedom, so do we stand now. In fighting for the cause of 
America as loyal Americans, we are fighting at the same time 
for the deliverance of the country of our birth from those un- 
righteous powers which hold it enthralled and feed upon its soul." 

"The spirit of Prussianism and the spirit of Americanism 
cannot live in the same world. One or the other must conquer." 

"And when — Heaven grant it may be soon ! — the soul of the 
German people will have freed itself from the sinister powers that 
now keep it in ban and bondage, when it will have found again 
the high impulses and aims of its former self, when it will once 
more understand and speak the universal language of humanity 
and right, then, in (iod's own time there will be peace." 

We suggest the reading of this editorial in all our ward Re- 
lief Society meetings. Good will result from these stirring words 
of Mr. Otto H. Kahn. 



Guide Lessons. 

LESSON I. , 

Theology and Testimony. 

First Week in June 
agkicul.'lure axl) stock raising among book of mormon 

PEOPLES. 

A learned and particularly well traveled gentleman who 
chanced to be in the state of Utah a few weeks ago, responded to 
a remark in relation to the beauty and profusion of the flowers in 
I Brighton, Utah, that nowhere in all his travels, and, by the way, 
travel is his business, has he ever seen such beautiful flowers as 
he saw while in the Holy Land. 

From this land of flowers, Lehi and his followers went forth 
to South America, their first abiding place, where the vegetation 
is rank and luxuriant, and all nature is featured in "the large." 

The inspiration of the Almighty God, coupled with innate 
practical sense, had led them to carry with them seed grains, that 
they might produce food, when they arrived in the land that they 
were slowly being guided to by the sure hand of Providence. 

Peoples who ]3ioneer, who build up new lands, must always 
make agriculture fundamental. It can never cease to be of first 
importance to any civilization ; but in a new country it must of 
necessity receive an emphasis out of all proportion to the empha- 
sis placed on any other occupation or industry. Moreover, if con- 
ditions of society become unusual, the importance of agriculture 
is at once apparent. The present war has made the art and sci- 
ence of producing food the paramount industry of the whole 
world. 

Seeking for information in relation to the Jaredites and their 
agricultural and stock-raising pursuits, we find the following sig- 
nificant paragraphs in Ether 9:16, 17, 18: 

"And the Lord began again to take the curse from olT the 
land, and the house of Emer did prosper exceedingly under the 
reign of Emer ; and in the space of sixty and two years, they 
had become exceedingly strong, insomuch that thev became ex- 
ceedingly rich. 

"Having all manner of fruit, and of grain, and of silks, and 
of fine linen, and of gold, and of sliver, and of precious things. 



292 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

"And also all manner of cattle, of oxen, and cows, and of 
sheep, and of swine, and of goats, and also many other kind of 
animals which were useful for food of man. 

"And they also had horses and asses." 

Nor did they till the ground with the primitive instruments 
used by many peoples in earlier ages. These peoples on this 
Western continent had learned the art of making tools. 

"And. they did make all manner of tools to till the earth, 
both to plough and to sow; and to reap and to hoe. and also to 
thresh. 

"And they did make all manner of tools with which they did 
work their beasts" (Ether 10:25.26). 

History was young in the making, with Lehi and his little 
band, when we learn something definite in relation to their agri- 
cultural activities, as well as the animals which they speedily 
used to sustain life and further their civilization. 

"And it came to pass that we did begin to till the earth, and 
we began to plant seeds ; yea, we did put all our seeds into the 
earth, which we had brought from the land of Jerusalem. And 
it came to pass that they did grow exceedingly ; wherefore we 
were blessed in abundance. 

"And it came to pass that we did find upon the land of prom- 
ise, as we journeyed in the wilderness, that there were beasts in 
forests of every kind, both the cow and the ox, and the ass and 
the horse, and the goat and the wild goat, and all manner of 
wild animals; which were for the use of man" (I Nephi 18: 
24,25). 

Lehi's people seemed to rejoice greatly when they discovered 
that such grains as wheat, corn and barley would grow and flour- 
ish in their new found home. Nor do we wonder at this rejoicing, 
for all persons know that these grains are staples. 

Wheat, corn and barley were known to the peoples of Bible 
lands. Oats appear not to be mentioned either in the Bible or 
Book of Mormon. Rye is mentioned in the Bible, but the word 
seldom appears. However, the Nephites speak of two grains 
which they called neas and sheum, for which no English equiva- 
lent seems to have been available. 

Fruit grew in abundance, on this land, under the careful 
cultivation of its horticulturists. Often they speak of vineyards 
and grape culture. They made wine which was sometimes used 
for worthy purposes, but often as an aid to accomplish the most 
diabolical of crimes. No land is more wonderful than this land 
of America in the production of fruits, for all the fruits of both 
temperate and tropical climes are native to it. and the peoples who 
earlier inhabited this continent had a variety of fruit. 



GUIDE LESSONS. 293 

The wisdom of a wise policy seldom appears all at once. No 
doubt the protection from their enemies appeared to the Nephites 
the chiefest reason why they should build in communities and 
then go forth from these settlements and till their soil ; just as 
in the pioneer days of Utah the people built forts in which they 
gathered to protect themselves from the Indians. 

Protection, however, is only one of the blessings afforded to 
people who build hamlets, towns and cities, and then go forth to 
their labors on the farm or in the mine, as necessity requires. 
All the religious, intellectual and social uplift that is a part of 
the life of those who live in communities is lost to those who 
scatter great distances and live on immense farms. Persons 
thus isolated can seldom gather at the church, the school, the 
amusement hall, and in too many instances they are without the 
church, the school and the amusement hall ; for the simple rea- 
son that being without the community they lack also the valuable 
assets of community effort. 

That the Latter-day Saints have made history for them- 
selves in this respect was made most noticeable in 1913, when 
the National Education Association met in Salt Lake City. 
Many excursions were made by the visitors into surrounding 
counties. 

Again and again, these men, used to school supervision, re- 
marked : "Why, you are practically without the rural school prob- 
lem; a problem that is proving most vexatious and difficult to cope 
with in many parts of our country." 

Now, the same advantage and opportunities that are ours 
through having grouped ourselves in settlements, were undoubt- 
edly enjoyed in large or small measure by the Nephites. The 
inspired leadership of President Brigham Young, and the stal- 
wart men and women who builded with him is the source to 
which we trace the superiority of our community life ; and we 
doubt not, could we hold converse with the Nephites, that they 
would attribute the advantages of their community life in their 
agricultural district.^ to precisely similar sources. 

Another point of resemblance between our methods and their 
methods of agriculture, will be readily recognized when we say 
that there is every reason to believe that they knew and applied 
the science of irrigation in arid regions. In other parts, as with , 
us, they depended on the rainfall, and were greatly distressed over 
a season of drought. 

If the Latter-day Saints are to be distinguished because of 
what they have contributed to the world's knowledge in relation 
to irrigation, what shall we say of these former-day Saints, the 
Nephites, who dwelt upon this continent many centuries ago ? 



294 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS. 

1. Why must agriculture be a fundamental vocation of all 
peoples ? 

2. Wh)' does a crisis or universal condition in the economic 
life of the people, bring the importance of agriculture immediately 
to the fore? Illustrate. 

3. Did the peoples of the Book of Mormon know anything 
of the manufacture of tools to carry on their work? Quote pas- 
sage in proof of contention. 

4. Tell why the Nephites would rejoice greatly when they 
discovered that such grains as wheat, corn and barley would 
grow in their new found home. 

5. Account for the Nephites finding the cow. horse, oxen 
and ass, the goat and wild goat, in the woods and forests of this 
country. 

6. Why would you expect the inhabitants of America, if in- 
dustrious, to have a great variety of fruit to eat? 

7. Would .the Lamanites, when nomadic, caring most for the 
hunt, have the fruit and grains to eat that the Nephites would? 

8. Discuss the advantage coming to people who, living in 
agricultural districts, build communities and work together. 

9. What disadvantage must be borne by persons who, cul- 
tivating farms, elect to live on these farms far away from others ? 

10. What practice that has distinguished the Latter-day 
Saints in the cultivation of the soil, was in vogue to an extent 
among the Nephites ? 



LESSON IL 

Work and Business. 

Second Week in June. 
LESSON in. 
Genealogy. 

Third Week in June. 

ENGLISH racial HISTORY, 55 B. C. TO 1066 A. D. 

We have seen that the northern European nations were all 
descended from the Teutonic race — the Franks and Germans 
from the Goths, the Scandinavians. Saxons and Normans from 
the Northmen, and the Welsh, Irish and Scotch from the Celts — 
all coming down probably from the sons of Japheth. The Latin 



GUIDE LESSONS. 295 

races who are descended through Togarmah, son of Gomer, son 
of Japheth. are essentially different from the Teutonic races, al- 
though modern historians group them all together. The Latins 
are excitable, erratic, artistic, and are keenly susceptible to the 
Catholic religion — a religion of sensuous emotionalism ; the Irish 
— among the Celtic remnants — seem akin to the Latin in this and 
many other traits. On the contrary, the Teutons — that is, the 
Scandinavians, Germans. English, Dutch, Swiss, German and 
Normans, are less emotional, require a religion which appeals to 
mind and heart alike, and are steady, sane and reasonable. It is 
through the Teutonic races that the Gospel has come — heralded 
by the Reformation, helped by the Huguenots, Puritans and Pil- 
grims, finally reaching its culmination in the revelations of the 
Lord Jesus Christ, through the mission of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith. 

Great Britain. We will now consider the racial history and 
general history of Great Britai:'.. which includes the countries 
known as England. Scotland. Ir' land and Wales, from the Chris- 
tian era down to William the Conqueror — 55-1600 A. D. The 
country was inhabited at an early period by the Celtic race, sub- 
divided into Britons, Picts and Scots. The Welsh are descended 
from the Britons, the Scots and the Irish from the Picts and 
Scots ; yet the Irish proper seem quite like a distinct people even 
today. The Celts are supposed to have conquered and driven out 
a savage race inferior to themselves in civilization and strength. 
About the same time that Wales was settled by the Britons, the 
Scots settled in Ireland, passing from there at a later period over 
to Soctland, where they conquered and settled up the northern 
part which was called after them. Scotia or Scotland. The island 
of Britain was known to the ancient Phoenicians who were mar- 
iners and tradespeople. The Phoenicians carried on a thriving 
trade with the people of Cornwall, exchanging their goods for 
the tin found in that region. 

The people of these islands were divided into dift'erent tribes, 
each under its own chieftain. They lived in rude earthen huts 
and often builded their little towns on hills, raising mud walls 
as fortifications. Sometimes their hamlets were built upon piles 
raised in the marshes. When we first hear of them there was a 
little town life with market centers, and in the southern part of 
England the natives used gold coinage with a currency of iron 
bars or ingots. The religion of these people was pagan, with 
perhaps, we might say, a corrupted traditionary remnant of an- 
cient patriarchal forms of life and worship. The priesthood were 
called Druids, and here as in France or Gaul, they practiced mag- 
ical arts and offered human sacrifices with secret rites and cere- 
monies. The priest took no part in wars or politics. 



296 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Caesar's Invasio)i. In the year 55 B. C. Julius Caesar 
crossed the Straits of Dover from Gaul, or what is now known as 
France. He landed in Deal, England. He made no permanent 
conquests, but he wrote a little account of the Britons, saying that 
there were numerous buildings and that the people were very 
rich in cattle and were well skilled in driving their chariots. In 
43 A. D., the Emperor Claudius took an expedition up to Britain 
and conquered the people of Essex and Hertfordshire, making 
their capital Camulodunum, now Colchester, the seat of the Ro- 
man government. The emperor returned, leaving Vespasian in 
command. A subsqeuent battle in the Welsh mountains occurred 
where the Celts were routed by the Romans, the Britons headed 
by a ch-.ef Caradoc or Caractacus, being taken prisoner. The 
chief was carried a prisoner to Rome, and the story is told that 
he wondered, after seeing the splendors of that great city, why 
the Roman Emperor should desire his poor island. 

The Roman legions finally drove out the Celtic race from 
England proper, confining them to Ireland, Scotland and Wales. 
With the establishment of a military despotism came the language 
of the Conqueror, but if Latin, which was established then, was 
the language of the Court and of the foreign officials and soldiers, 
the people did not adopt it to any extent, for the Celtic tongue, 
after all, is the basis of the French, Spanish and Portuguese lan- 
guages. A certain civilization was engrafted upon the English 
people through this conquest. Laws were enacted, garrisons were 
established, and finally some elements of civilization were intro- 
duced into these pagan islands. 

Caractacus and Boadicia. 43-61 A. D. The Welsh Celtic 
chieftain Caradoc or Caractacus routed the Romans, but was 
afterwards captured and taken prisoner to Rome. Several years 
later the Celtic Queen Boadicia whose daugter had been outraged 
and herself whipped by the Romans, rose up in revolt. She 
stormed the town of London and laid it in ashes ; 70,000 Romans 
and strangers fell in one day. 

Saxon Invasions. In the third, fourth and fifth centuries the 
Saxon pirates invaded Britain and for years fought with the 
Roman conquerors. In 396 A. D. the Picts and Scots swarmed 
into Britain, and as the Roman troops were then needed for the 
advance on Gaul, the islands were left to the Celtic mercy. In 
the latter part of the fifth century the Jutes crossed the North Sea 
and conquered southe^n Britain. Thus, then, were the Picts and 
Scots on the north, the Angles and Saxons in the center, and the 
Jutes in the southern part of the isles. 

The Scandinavian invaders continued to pour forth hordes of 
rude conquerors on the English shores for the next four or five 
centuries. They were brave, invincible in war, but they were 



GUIDE LESSONS. 297 

mercilessly cruel and ferocious. They hated the Christ'ans and 
destroyed every evidence which the Roman legions had set up of 
civilization wherever their prowess was victorious. The Saxons 
had destroyed and driven out the Celts, and now the other Teu- 
tonic tribe from Denmark's shores endeavored to wipe out the 
Angles and Saxons who had gained possession of the most of 
England. Here for several centuries several Teutonic tribes 
struggled for mastery. The Jutes and Danes, the Angles and 
Saxons, fought each other fiercely. Finally, in the course of 
centuries, the exigencies of life united the three peoples into one 
race, who were called the Anglo-Saxons, but this was not done 
without a struggle. 

Anglo-Saxon Social Customs. The homestead was the social 
center of Anglo-Saxon civil-'zation. The setheling or eorl estab- 
lished himself in the center of his little village or c-ethel. His re- 
tainers inhabited, each his own little croft where they lorded it 
over the lowlier freelings or ceorls who tilled the land and did 
the menial work of the village. The "f reeling" was a descendant, 
j)robably. of the earliest Celtic settler. The eorl was lifted above 
liis fellow villager, through birth and some degree of wealth. 
His followers held him in reverence, while his descendants were 
the "host leaders" or warriors who led the tribe in times of war. 
However, the eorl's position rested wholly on the acceptance of 
his fellow villagers. Every freeman had his vote and he was the 
foundation or unit of society. His long hair floated over a neck 
vdiich had never bowed to a lord. He was called a "free-necked" 
man, or the weapon-man. preserving to himself the right of re- 
venge or individual warfare, which in a primitive state of society 
was made necessary. There was a lower strata of villagers who 
were called lacf or zillicns. These were tillers of the soil — the 
tradesmen. Of these were slaves, war captives, debtors, crim- 
inals, children sold into bondage by parents ; they thus became 
part of the farm live-stock of the eorl. "Mine is the calf born 
nf mv cow." The "eorl himself held his position through purity 
of descent from the original Saxon settlers and encouraged his 
ambitious sons and nephews to bind themselves as comrades to 
the king or a neighboring chief. The chieftain gave his warriors 
I'orses, arms, and a set in his mead or beer hall with occasional 
gifts from his treasury. His comrades or thegns were bound to 
follow him into any fight or quarrel which he chose to make. 

The Anglo-Saxon customs engrafted themselves upon the 
Scandinavian conquerors. As has been said, from the eighth to 
the eleventh century the Scandinavian hordes infested England 
and finally amalgamated with the races there. 

Alfred the Great. In 871 Alfred the Great, a Saxon king, 



208 ■ RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

ascended the English throne. The kingdom was owned — prac- 
tically half of it at least — by the Danes. War followed war, and 
Alfred at last succeeded in forcing the Scandinavian armies into 
the northwestern part of England. Alfred was one of the most 
remarkable kings who ever sat upon the throne. He rebuilt 
London and established many cities destroyed by the Danes, re- 
built Chr'stian churches and formed a regular militia for the de- 
fense of the kingdom. He established his law^ rather upon the 
Mosaic code and held England, than upon the imperial edicts of 
Rome. He fostered education and founded the University of 
Oxford. He died in 901 and was succeeded by his son Edward. 
a much weaker king. 

Malcolm, King of the Scots. Malcolm, the Scottish king, 
was given possession of Cumberland as a fief in the year 943. 
Scotland emerged as a powerful sub-monarchy about this time : 
early in the sixth century the Scots had migrated from Ireland 
settling in large numbers in Caledonia. They brought their 
Christian religion with them from Ireland and the leader, Fergus 
MacErc, founded the kingdom of Dalriada in Argyle. Later the 
Monk Columba, driven from Ireland, came over to Scotland and 
established a church and began missionary labors among the Picts 
who were pagans. He established a school of theology and sent 
missionaries clear to England and the continent, reaching over 
into Gaul, Switzerland, Germany and Italy. An interesting ex- 
tract concerning their labors is given by a French historian as 
follows : 

"The free church of the Scots and Britons," says D'Aubigne, 
"did more for the conversion of central Europe than the half- 
enslaved Church of Rome." "The sages of lona," says the same 
writer, "knew nothing of transubstantiation, or of the withdrawal 
of the cup in the Lord's supper, or of auricular confession, or of 
prayers for the dead, or tapers, or incense ; they celebrated Easter 
on a different day from Rome ; synodal assemblies regulated the 
affairs of the church, and the papal .supremacy was unknown." 

Various kings succeeded each other on the Scottish throne 
until 954, when Malcolm died. The line of Kenneth MacAlpin 
ended with Malcolm the Second in 1034. It was then that the 
terrible tragedy of Macbeth took place. Thus we have Scotland 
brought down to this period. 

Siveyn, the First Danish King of England. A succession of 
English kings followed Alfred the Great, each weaker than the 
last. In 994 a .powerful fleet under Sweyn, King of Denmark, and 
Olaf, King- of Norway ravaged England so terribly that the Saxon 
King Ethelred bought his peace through a continuous tax called 
"danegeld." King Ethelred's weakness encouraged the Danes 



GUIDE. LESSONS. 299 

and they continued their invasions. In 1013 A. D. he conquered 
the whole of Enobnd and was crowned King- of England. Now 
occurrerl an incident which had a marked efifect upon Eng;lish his- 
tory and indeed which was the root of all surname history in 
Great Britain and perhaps in Europe. King Ethelred. the Saxon 
f^eposeci monarch of England, took refuge in Normandy with his 
Iirotehr-in-law. Duke Richard the Good, forming a lasting treaty 
of royal friendship and exchange. Thus began a train of events 
important in their nature. When the Danish^-English king Sweyn 
died in 1014, the Saxon Ethelred went back from Normandy to 
England. His son Edmund succeeded to the English throne in 
1016, but Sweyn's son, Canute, was also reigning "in the western 
part of England. Er'mund died shortly after, and Canute seized 
both thrones and made himself king of all England. Canute was 
a very great monarch— wise, brave and resourceful. 

The reign of the Danish King Canute the Great over England 
was an important and lasting event and one which left an indelible 
impress on the surnames of Great Britain. The British Anglo- 
Saxon Danish peoples had advanced rapidly in civ'c arts, but in 
9«0, during the reign of Ethelred, "the Unready," they were 
plunged constantly into civil war. Ethelred's son. Edward, who 
was the last Anglo-Saxon king, was brought up in Normandy. 
When he found himself, on his ascension to the English throne, 
beset by Earl Godwin, he called upon his Norman friends to come 
to his assistance and they came in shoals, thus introducing a new 
Scandinavian element into English life, as the Normans were 
originally Norsemen who had settled in Normandy and inter- 
married with the Franks. Civil war between the. Danes and 
Anglo-Saxons followed on the death of Edward, and his son. 
ETarold. was made king for a very little while, but his right was 
disputed by William, who was Duke of Normaniy. (always 
known as the "bastard." being the illegitimate son of Duke 
Robert of Normandy, called Robert, "The Devil." William's 
mother was a pretty washerwoman). Wiliam was, therefore, the 
cousin of Harold, the English king. William claimed that King 
F.r' ward promised him, when he was succored in Normandy, that 
be. William, would be his successor because of his help in driving 
out the Danes ; and, furthermore, William declared that ETarold. 
the son, had sworn a solemn oath to ratify that promise. On the 
death of Edward, William at once sailed from Normandy with a 
tremendous army, and the Battle of Hastings was fought upon 
English soil. 

IVilliam the Conqueror. William who was a fierce, bloody, 
but s])lendid soldier, was resolved upon appropriating the English 
throne. He gathered about him an army of reckless and ambi- 



300 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

tious adventurers, noljle in blood, but exhausted in ])urse through 
riotous hving. These, his whilom followers and boon compan- 
ions, he won by promises of great estates and military honors when 
England was once conquered. It may be said that he was true to 
his promises. This horde of adventurers, raised by hook and by 
crook, a great army for those days of mercenary or hired soldiers, 
landed in the south of England at the port of Hastings. A fierce 
battle almost imme 'iately followed, called the Battle of Hastings, 
that battle which was to determine the fate of England. The 
conflict was fierce an 1 prolonged. The Saxon King Harold fell 
from an arrow wound through his €}'e and William was left mas- 
ter of the field. That very 'day he directed his clerks to gather 
about him and rea 1 the names of his brave and reckless followers, 
recording them on parchment for future memory and reward. He 
also directed that an abbey should be built on the site of the 
battle, and here he caused to be placed the famous and priceless 
roll of Norman conquerors, which list was laid upon the altar for 
regular remembrance in masses. 

Wiliam now marched upon London and was crowned in West- 
minster on Christmas c^ay, 1066. 

The Gemot of Salisbury. No sooner was William crowned 
and thoroughly established in England than he proceeded to fulfil 
his promises to the nobles who had accompanied him to England. 
He seized upon, by law, all of the manors or estates of England by 
force of his conquest, wresting the titles from the eorls and thegns 
without leave or license. These estates were grouped into man- 
ors which were appropriated by Will'am himself and distributed 
according to his pleasure. and with some rude justice to the bravest 
worthies of his followers. 

Distribution of English Estates. Following is a list of the 
ten largest holders of land after the Conquest : 

1. The King held as manv as 1,422 manors 

2. The Earl of Mortain' 793 

3. Alan, Earl of Br^tanv, held 442 

4. Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, held 439 

5. Gosfrid, Bishop of Coutance, held 280 

6. Roger de Busle held 174 

7. Ilbert de Laci held 164 " 

8. William Peverel held 162 

9. Robert de Stradford held 150 

10. Roger de Laci held 116 

The ordinary arrangement in every manor was this : It was 
(Hvided into two parts. One portion was the great home-farm 
about the seigneurial manor-house, held distinct from that of the 



GUIDE LESSONS. 301 

tenants. The rest of the manor, called the tenantry part, was 
divided into small copyhoklings, of about nearly equal value, and 
enjoying" equal rights of commonage. This was, however, a con- 
stant pressure brought to bear upon the tenantry to reduce their 
privileges, and the functionaries of the lord were on the alert to 
pare down their rights. Swarms of unler lords and functionaries 
were maintained. 

The Social Effect of JVilliams Conquest. The Danish King 
Canute was both wise enough and ada])table enough to assimilate 
and amalgamate himself and his policies with the advanced 
civilization of Englar^d which he found when he came over as a 
boy from his native land. William was neither adaptable nor 
inherently gracious. He brought with him fixed standards of life 
and law and he felt nothing for the English but contemptuous 
tolerance. Tt is true that Norman civilization was as superior to 
the English as the English was to the Danish, but why this descen- 
dant of Norse or Scandinavian forebears should regard his Anglo- 
Saxon-Danish subjects of England with such contempt is hard to 
realize. The \^iking had settled up Normandy but five gen- 
erations s'nce, yet thev had completly forgotten their old Scan- 
dinavian tongue, and Erench was to them the hall mark of civi- 
lization and aristocracy. The explanation is perhaps that Scandi- 
navians are the most adaptable 'people in the world. Whatever 
countr}' the^• locate in they at once absorb the national individ- 
uality and practically lose their own. 

Another cause of William's unbending attitude was the instant 
necessity to prov'de his rapacious followers with lands and trea- 
sure through a rigidly selfish wholesale confiscation of all Eng- 
lish estates. At least four-fifths of the so'l in the southern part 
of England passed to the new masters. The dispossessed owners 
must either become the hired peasants of the new owners or make 
new homes elsewhere. A great and lasting hatred was thus en- 
gendered. It was permitted a few English land owners who had 
not fought under Harold to buy back their lands by paying a 
heavy fine to William. 

Social Conditions. William instituted great military garri- 
sons, taxing the people to sustain these non-producers. A cruel 
penal code, cruelly enforced, protecterl the Norman gentry in their 
exactions, even in their amusements. It was at this time that 
some of the dispossessed Saxon heroes fled to the woods and great 
forests and established themselves as famous outlaws, among 
whom was Robin Hood. Highwa}^ robbery and assassination 
became commonplace, but the English people defended and pro- 
tected the slayers of the vic'ous Norman nobles. The Norman's 
love of luxury helped him to express himself in building- castles, 



302 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

furnishing- them in stately grantleur with rich armor for liimself 
and his prancing steeds, while his banquets in their del'cate ser- 
vice were as opposed to the coarse gluttony of the conquered 
Saxons as were their other habits and customs. The Normans 
were graceful cavaliers and their chivalry left a vital imjMxss not 
only upon the manners and morals of the conquered English, but 
upon all European nations. They were not only brave soldiers, 
but distinguished orators, and from them sprang much of the 
culture and charm of subsequent English life. In the following 
century the Norman kings conquered Ireland and male Scotland 
tributary. Their intermarriage with French sovereigns gave them 
immense .power and influence on the continent, but with it all they 
maintained a separate court from their English subjects, with 
French as the royal and official tongue. They were French, not 
English. French was the language of all officialdom. All h'gh 
offices V\'ere filled with Frenchmen and for at least four genera- 
tions this divergence was marked and inharmonious. 

Domesday Book. William's most celebrated and, genealog- 
ically speaking, most important act was the compilation of a record 
known as Domesday Book. The occasion of this book was the 
ttecessity for recording not only the names of all taxable land 
holders in his kingdom, but to ot)tain as well an enumeration of 
every class of property, real estate, and even cattle and sheep to 
the last item. The income of every man w^as noted. The record 
v.'as intended to be a perfect survey and census of the entire king- 
dom. We shall speak more particularly of this book in a future 
chapter. 

The Feudal System. William introduced the feudal system 
which is an interesting and historic condition. The feudal system 
was based upon a peculiar tenure of land or possession or owner- 
ship of land. As a matter of theory all kings of the earth owed 
allegiance to the ruling emperor, and religiously to the pope. The 
kings held their dominions in a sort of trust to their emperor or 
suzerain on condition of fealty or allegiance to the principles of 
right and justice. If a king became wicked or disloyal, the em- 
peror might depose him and put another in his place. In the 
same way each king granted titles to his chief men in trust or fief, 
on condition of their loyalty to them. These vassels of the king 
again gave titles to smaller tracts of land to men under them on 
similar conditions ; so that no land was held in fee simple, but 
each was held in loyalty and service to ownership under his mas- 
ter's final jurisdiction. The remnants of this legal system are in 
Europe today, where all unclaimed lands revert to the crown, and 
orphans with property become the wards of the crown. The 
social conditions paralleled the legal so that the liberty of each 



GUIDE LESSONS. 303 

man was his only, as granted him by the man in rank above him. 
Thus, we have in England, at the time of the Norman con- 
quest, several independent sub-tribes of the Teutonic people. In 
Scotland and Ireland were the Celts mixed with Anglo-Saxons 
and Danes in the lowlands of Scotland. In Wales were the 
Britons ; in the northern part of England were Anglo-Saxons and 
in the v/estern part were Danes. Over them all were Norman- 
Erench officials and barons who ruled with iron hand and un- 
scrupulous .selfishness. Out of these elements came not only the 
people who are now called English, but they evolved at this time 
a system of surnaming mixed multitudes in order to determine 
titles of land and to fix official residences and social responsibili- 
t'es. What happened in England at this time as to the beginning 
of surname customs took place in a sense in Erance and Ger"- 
many. Details of this wonderful genealogical epoch will be 
treated in various chapters as we pass along. 

LESSON IV. 

Home Economics. 

EouRTH Week in June. 
TESTING AND CLEANING OF FABRICS. 

Fabrics made of pure fiber, especially of wool, silk and linen 
are today very expensive, the reasons are obvious. But manu- 
facturers have attempted to keep the prices the same, in many 
cases, by sacrificing quality. To avoid deception, it is necessary 
for the consumer to familiarize himself with genuine goods, in 
order to detect adulerations. 

A good method to detect "sizing" : hold materials up to the 
light; in this way starch, clay, etc., can easily be detected; for 
heavier materials, brisk rubbing between the hands will remove 
the starch and clay, and then it will show how loosely the threads 
are woven. 

Linen goods are sometimes adulterated in the same way. 
Cotton fibers are also often added. Sometimes there is an entire 
substitution of cotton for linen, the glossy and beautiful effects are 
produced by the cloth being passed between hot rollers. The use 
of. the microscope is the safe method of detecting a mixture of 
fibers. Since this is impracticable the following simple tests will 
be found helpful : 

To detect cotton in linen fabric, put a drop of olive oil on 
the cloth. The linen will then be found more transparent than 
the cotton. Another test is to wet the finger and place it on the 
under surface of the cloth. If linen, the moisture will be ab- 



304 RRLJRP SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

.sorbed quickly. Ai^ain, break the threads ; cotton breaks with a 
tufted fuzzy end, hnen with an uneven, pointed end. 

Wool is perhaps adulterated more than any other, fabric. To 
detect cotton in cloth, ravel out a portion of it and light a match 
to the warp and filling thread. Cotton thread burns quickly and 
\\il:h a blaze. Wool chars slowly without a flame, and smells like 
burning- feathers. Another test: put thread in alcohol, the wool 
will curl while the cotton hangs straight. 

Besi'des the natural varieties of wool used in textiles, we have 
a large amount of "shoddy." This is obtained by tearing up all 
kinds of rags and waste, bringing it back into loose fibers am? 
spinning it alone or with a certain amount of wool. To make use 
of the rags, the fibers must be torn apart, they are broken, conse- 
quently shorter and less valuable. 

The burning test of wool is also good for silk. Also the ash 
of weiohted silk retains the original sha.pe and breaks to pieces 
at a touch. 

The art of cleaning and renovating clothing should be learne ' 
a'ul practiced that the wearing apparel, of all kinds, after injury 
or partial .decay, might be made new. 

To remove fruit stains from clothing, etc.. hold the arf'cle so 
ihat boiiirg water can be poured over it. letting the water fall; 
should this fail, bleach as for flannels. 

To remove ink stains, wet spots with milk (sour milk is best) ; 
this should l)e c^one as soon as possible after stain is made ; rub 
gently and repeat if necessary. If no milk can be obtained, wet 
with water, rub piece of lemon in salt and then on the stain. A 
few applications will always remove it. 

Tar .spots can ])e removed by putting butter upon them and 
let them stand a few hours, then cleanse with soap and water 
(Ivory soa]:) is best for all delicate fabrics). 

Before washing cotton-colored goods, -dip them in a solution 
of salt ar.d water, then hang them in a shady place to dry. The 
salt sets the color. 

To wash flannels so the)- will not shrink or turn yellow, wash 
i-' two lulre-warm soap suds. Do not hang put in extreme cold 
weather. 

To remove mildew from clothing, take common liquid soap 
and stir in enough salt to make it granular, then rub it on the 
spot and let it lie out over night, if it is not removed, then wet 
several times during the day. 

To remove grease and dirt spots from fabrics of all kinds, put 
soiled parts on a thick pad to absorb liquid ; rub briskly, only from 
goods to spots, and they will be forced through on the pad. Do 
not rub spot first or it will run in the goods and cause a ring after 
it has dried. 



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Ask us about our easy payment 
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UTAH POWER &LIGHTGO. 

Efficient Public Service 
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Rodney T. Badger, Vice-Prest. 
Henry T. McEwan, Cashhier 
Georgre H. Butler, Asst. Cashier 



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Send for Samples and Prices 

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The Home of Fine Stationery and Engraving 
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Kindly mention this magazine ivhen ordering. 




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Spend a Profitable Vacation at the 

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First Term, June 10-July 19 

Second Term, July 22- August 30, 1918 

Students may enter for six or ttrelve iveelcs 

Logan has an ideal climate for study and recreation. 

Exceptional opportunities are offered to students in: 

HOME ECONOMICS, which is uiTder the direction this year of Professor 
Alice Ravenhill, an international authority on Nutrition and Child Study. 

Miss Ravenhill delivers a course of lectures on Physical Development in 
Childhood, and supervises the new Practice House which will be open to ad- 
vanced students. 

TRAINING COURSES IN MUSIC for supervisors and teachers of music. 

COURSES IN ART designed to prepare teachers to interpret successfully 
the new State adoptions in Art textbooks. 

SPECIAL WORK IN POULTRY MANAGEMENT to help to meet the 
Nation's call for increased poultry production. 

OTHER COURSES OF INSTRUCTION: Accounting, Agriculture, Bo- 
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Write for further information to: 

Director of Smnmer School, 

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REUEFSOCIEiY^ 

JjIA.GAZ.lNJg 









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JUNE, 1918. 



General Conference of the 
Relief Society 

Our New Board Member 

Insects of the Home 
Garden 

Conservation Pointers 



Organ of the Relief Society of the Church of 

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

No. 29 Bishop's Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 

$1.00 a Year^^Single Copy 10c. 








L. D. S. GARMENTS 

LOOK FOR THIS LABEL IN THE NECK OF GARMENTS 



The Sign of 
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The Sign of 
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If your leading dealer does not have the garments you desire, 
select your wants from this list and send order direct to us. We 
will prepay all postage to any part of the United States. Samples 
submitted upon request. 

style 

15 Bleached spring needle gauze 1.50 

2 Unbranded, Special, medium 
weight 1-00 

10 Cotton, light wt., unbleached 1.75 

3 Cotton, gauze wt., bleached.. 1.86 

25 Cotton, light wt., bleached 2.00 

50 Lisle, gauze weight, bleached 3.00 

The only approved Garments made with wide flaps at back, 

button holes for better fastening down front, and set in shoulder 

pieces to prevent sleeves stretching. 

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70 MAIN STREET, SALT LAKE CITY 



Style 

66 Mercerized, light wt.,bleached S.50 

75 Cotton, medium wt.,bleached92.25 

90 Cotton, heavy wt., unbleached 2.50 

100 Cotton, heavy wt., bleached.. 2.75 

107 Merino wool, medium wt 3.00 

109 Merino wool, heavy welrht.. 3.50 
120 Imported wool, medium wt... 4.50 
305 Wool and silk, medium 4.50 



PEAR BREAD OR FRUIT BREAD 

Pears (dry and sliced) 16 oz., raisins 
5 oz, currants 5 oz., walnuts (chopped) 
5 oz., sugar 4 oz., cinnamon 2 teaspoons, 
cloves ?= teaspoon, anise 1 teaspoon, 
brandy or cider 4 oz. Mix well and 
leave stand over night in a stone or 
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1 qt. water, li lbs. flour, 3 cakes Fleisch- 
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When light (about 1* hours) mix the 

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Mr. George K. Uno 

One of the foremost Floral Artists — You Know — is with us to take 
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FLORAL DEPARTMENT 

BAILEY & SONS CO. 

61-63 EAST SECOND SOUTH, SALT LAKE CITY 
Salt Lake's "Flower Phone," Wasatch 3904 



The Relief Society Magazine 

Oumed and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

JUNE, 1918. 

A Lament Lula Greene Richards 305 

Pres. William Budge of Logan Temple and Family. .Frontispiece 
General Conference of Relief Society. . .Amy Brown Lyman 307 

Mothers in Israel 329 

Experience Lucy May Green 331 

Unusual Mothers 333 

Home Entertainment Morag 336 

Our New Board Member, Mrs. Donnette Smith Kesler 339 

Home Science Department 341 

Current Topics James H. Anderson 343 

Patriotic Department Airs. Clarissa Smith Williams 346 

Conservation Pointers 351 

How to Present the Genealogical Lesson 354 

Editorial : Our Testimony Meetings 358 

Apostle Richard R. Lyman and Family 360 

Little Silver Mother, Song 361 

My Guiding Star, Poem Lucy Burnham 363 

Music : iLttle Silver Mother 361 



ADVERTISERS* DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise with us. 
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 
DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books, and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple St., Salt Lake City. 
EARDLEY BROTHERS CO., Everything for Electricity, Salt Lake City. 
INLAND CRYSTAL SALT CO., Salt Lake City. 

KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets, Salt Lake City. 
McCONAHAY, THE JEWELER, 64 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
MERCHANTS' BANK, Third South and Main Streets, Salt Lake City. 
PEMBROKE COMPANY, 22-24 East Broadway, Salt Lake City. 
SALT LAKE ARTIFICIAL LIMB CO., 134 South West Temple. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 

SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. & CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK, Salt Lake City. 
Z. C. M. I., Salt Lake City. 



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Osteopathic Literature Free 

I We have a few thousand copies of "Osteopathic Heahh," "The Journal of I 

I Osteopathy" and other valuable magazines, which we will distribute from our | 

I office during June Conference, free of charge. | 

I All curable diseases, either acute or chronic, are amenable to Osteopathic I 

i treatment, and you should not wait till conditions become chronic before in- | 

I vestigating ihe merits of Osteopathy. | 

I As a member of the "National League for the Prevention of Spinal Curva- | 

I ture," we will be pleased to have you co-operate with us in this work. I 

I DR. G. A. GAMBLE 

I No. 508, 509 and 510 Mclntyre Building I 

3 = 
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BOOKS 

Recommended by the 
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correlating with the 
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are sold by the 
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L. D. S. Garments 

1918-Spring and Summer Price LisM918 

This list cancels all previous quotations 
lib Light wt., unbleached cotton . .$1.20 
12b Light weight, bleached cotton 1.25 
13b Medium wt., unbleached cotton 1.50 
14b Medium weight, bleached cotton 1.50 
15b Heavy wt., unbleached cotton. 2.00 
16b Heavy weight, bleached cotton. 2.00 
18b Lisle, mercerized, medium wt. . 2.65 
19b Medium weight, part wool.... 2JiO 
20b 40% wool, medium weight.... 3.20 

21b Plain spun worsted 3.75 

22b All wool, heavy weight 5.25 

Postage extra. Av'ge shipping wt, 20 oz. 

Garments marked for 20c per pair 

We will make Gariiient.s ^vitli double 

back for 25c extra. 

Sizes: Breast, 34-44; length, 54-64. 
T^arger sizes, 25c extra. 

BILLINGS MERCANTILE ASSN. 
417 N. lOtb Went, Salt Lake City, Utah 

nniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiriiiiiiiiii iiiiiiriiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 



A LAMENT. 

(For a beautiful tree that was ruthlessly spoiled by an unknown 

hand.) 

IN BEHALF OF MARY W. CLARK 

Lula Greene Richards. 

My beautiful, beautiful tree! 

God made thee so graceful and grand. 
How human hands could have marred this tree 

I never shall understand. 

When I left you this morning, all lovely, 

I called you "King of the lawn," 
"My Sweetheart" — this evening I find you 

Torn, bleeding, your loveliness gone. 

Could envy excite human feelings 

To mangle and injure like this? 
Though your beauty is spoiled, I still love you. 

Your poor, bleeding branches I kiss. 

Every branch, leaf and bud I held precious ; 

My prayers have ascended on high, 
While your dear trunk my arms have encircled, 

None present but God, you and I. 

Our prayers. Father heard and gave comfort, 

And blest us on every hand, 
While Eve loved you and watched you still growing 

So stately, majestic and grand. 

In heaven may Father please give me 

One like you, my beautiful tree, 
And let no one hurt or deface it. 

But keep it and save it for me. 

Tonight I am heartsick and lonely ; 

God made us, and he only knew. 
My beautiful tree, of our kinship, 

How you loved me and how T loved you. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. JUNE, 1918. No. 6 



General Conference of the Relief 
Society. 

By Amy Brozvn Lyman. 

The Annual Conference of the Relief Society was held in 
Salt Lake City on Wednesday and Thursday, April 3 and 4, 1918. 
On Wednesday three sessions were held in the Bishop's Building. 
At 10 o'clock 'a. m. and 2 o'clock p. m. meetings were held for 
stake officers and stake board members. At 7 p. m. a public meet- 
ing was held under the direction of the Home Economics Depart- 
ment. 

On Thursday, April 4, two general sessions of Conference 
were held in the Assembly Hall at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m. Thursday 
evening, April 4, a reception was held for all Relief Society del- 
egates. 

The attendance at the conference was unusually large. At 
the opening officers' meeting there were present 320 representa- 
tives, and at the afternoon session there were 325. At the general 
session on Thursday morning in the Assembly Hall, there were 
1360 in attendance and on the afternoon of the sam^ day, the num- 
ber reached 1814. Roll call at the officers' meeting showed the 
following official representation: General Board members, 20; 
stakes represented, 63—52 by stake presidents and 11 by other rep- 
resentatives ; the other stake officers besides these were 30 coun- 
selors, 13 secretaries and 9 treasurers. Twelve stakes were not 
represented. Three missions were represented, two by presidents 
and one by a member. The missions represented were the 
Northern States, the Western States, and the California missions. 

One of the. important features of the conference was the 
splendid music furnished by the Relief Society choir, of 125 mem- 
bers, under the direction of the General Chorister, Mrs. Lizzie 
Thomas Edward. In addition to furnishing music for all of the 
regular sessions of the conference, the choir furnished special 
numbers at the Home Economics meeting and gave an entire 
program at the reception. 



308 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

By special invitation of Prof. A. C. Lund, Director of the Tab- 
ernacle Choir, the Relief Society Choir, assisted with the oratorio, 
"Elijah," singing-. from the east gallery the chorus, "Lift Thine 
Eyes," to the accompaniment of the echo organ. The artistic 
rendition of the solo, "Lead, Kindly Light," by Prof. A. C. Lund, 
with the Relief Society Choir singing the chorus, at the Assem- 
bly Hall, and also the sextette fromi "Lucia," rendered at the 
Relief Society reception by the choir, were real gems and were 
especially appreciated. 

The ushers for the conference, furnished by the Pioneer 
stake, were on hand early and late at all the sessions, and directed 
the large crowds so ably that there was no delay nor the slightest 
confusion. 

On Wednesday noon, luncheon was served to the 320 stake 
officers who were in attendance at the officers' meeting. 

GENERAL OFFICERS' MEETINGS. 

Morning Session. 

President Emmeline B. Wells presided at the meetings of the 
conference and gave the opening address. She referred very 
feelingly to the sad condition existing in the world today on ac- 
count of the great war. She felt that the present era is probably 
a preparation for the Millennium, and she urged that the Relief 
Society women be prayerful and live so that they may understand 
the things of God. 

Mrs. Wells prayed especially for the boys in the trenches, 
that they might be filled with hope, courage and peace. 

The annual financial and statistical report of the General 
Society was read by the General Secretary, Mrs. Amy Brown 
Lyman. The report was particularly interesting in view of the 
fact that it embraces, in addition to the regular features, a report 
of the conservation and war work accomplished by the women 
of the Relief Society during the last year. Some of the inter- 
esting items were emphasized. Following is the report : 

Balance on hand January 1, 1917: 

Charity fund $14,803.03>^ 

General fund 49,910.57 

Wheat fund 67,166.89 $131,880.49>^ 

Receipts : 

Donations : 

Charity fund 55.903.41 

General fund 54,856.45>4 

Wheat fund 13,400.71 124,160.57>^ 

Other receipts 72,049.93 ' 



Total $328,091.00 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 309 

Paid for charitable purposes $ 53,883.37 

Paid for general purposes 123,078.29 

Balance on hand December 31, 1917 

Charity fund $18,095.95 

General fund 54,871.04 

Wheat fund 78,162.35 151,129.34 

Total 1$328,091.00 

Resources and Liabilities. 

Resources : 
Balance on hand Dec. 31, 1917, all funds$151, 129.34 

Value of wheat on hand 308,462.21 

Value real estate, buildings and furniture 238,931.61 

Value of invested funds 24,767.39 

Other resources 16,955.75 

Total $740,246.30 

Liabilities 

Indebtedness $ 2,557.24 

Balance net resources 737,689.06 

Total $740,246.30 

Wheat Account 

Receipts : 

Wheat on hand Jan. 1, 1917 11.089,208 lbs. 

Wheat donated during 1917 389,147 " 

Wheat purchased during 1917. . . . 620,496 " 
Other wheat receipts 232.233 " 

Total 12,331,084 lbs. 

Or 205,518Vi.,bu. 

Disbursements : 

Wheat on deposit with P. B. O.. . . 5,028,745 lbs. 

Wheat in local Relief S. granaries 5,305,307 " 

Wheat in other granaries 1,040,878 " 

Other wheat deposits 220,638 " 

Wheat sold 631,389 " 

Shrinkage, waste and loss 104,127 " 

(Actual Wheat on Hand) . . . . (11,595,568 " ) 

or ( 193,259^ Vg.bu.) 

Total 12,331,084 lbs. 

Or 205,518Vi5bu. 



310 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Statistics. 

Membership Jan. 1, 1917: 

Officers 6,430 

Teachers 13,476 

Members 23,922 



43,828 
Admitted to membership 6,770 



Total 50,598 

Removed or resigned 4,699 

Died 560 

Membership Dec. 31, 1917: 

Officers 6,492 

Teachers 13,858 

Members 24,989 



(Present Membership) (45,339) 

Total 50,598 

General officers and Board members 23 

Stake officers and Board members 1,032 

Number of meetings held 36,028 

Average attendance at meetings 14,642 

Number of Relief Society organizations 1,085 

Number of books in Relief Society libraries 5,597 

Number of Relief Society Magazine subscriptions 12,190 

Activities 

Penny Temple fund, 1916-1917 $13,588.90 

Days spent with the sick 36,581 

Special visits to sick 78,066 

Families helped 5,868 

Bodies prepared for burial 2,311 

Number of visits by stake officers 5,485 

Number of days spent in Temple work 23,863 

Assistance to missionaries or their families $ 2,977.50 

Fund raised from special work $17,311.02 



GENERAL COXFEREXCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 311 

Conservation and U^ar Work. 

Wheat raised by Ward Relief Societies 4,691 bu. 

Potatoes raised by Ward Relief Societies 88,347 bu. 

Fruit and jelly canned by \\^ard Relief Societies. . . . 42,650qts. 

Dried fruit conserved by Ward Relief Societies 12,375 lbs. 

Dried vegetables conserved by ^^'ard Relief Societies 21,097 lbs. 
Fruit and jellies canned by individual members of 

the Relief Society for 'family use • 3,264,804 qts. 

Dried vegetables conserved by individual members 

of the Relief Society for family use 199,910 lbs. 

Other items such as remodeling clothing, making 

quilts, etc. — number of articles 44.643 

Paid for Liberty Bonds $24,685.61 

Number of Red Cross memberships taken by Relief 

Society members 14,078 

Number of articles made for Red Cross by Relief 

Society members 49,569 

Attention was called to the small indebtedness of the Relief 
Society, and also to the increase in membership. During the last 
year, the membership increased 1,445. While there is a great 
increase in many instances, as shown by the report, there is a 
decrease in the number of special visits to the sick and the num- 
ber of visits by stake officers to the w^ards. 

Mrs. Lyman congratulated the stakes for the splendid com- 
pilation of reports made by the stake and ward secretaries, stat- 
ing that there was a great improvement over the work of the 
previous year. Reports from the following stakes were listed as 
correctly compiled : Alberta, Bear River, Blackfoot, Emery, Gran- 
ite. North Sanpete. North Weber, Oneida, Pioneer, Raft River, 
Salt Lake. San Juan, Sevier. Shelley, South Sanpete. Woodruff, 
Young. Those containing slight errors were : Boise, Ensign, 
Snowflake, Bannock, Beaver, Cottonwood, Hyrum, Juab, Mil- 
lard, San Luis, South Davis, Teton, Union, Alpine, Box Elder, 
Ogden, St. Joseph, Cassia, Idaho, Jordan, Taylor, Tintic. 

Since the last October conference, on December 23, 1917, 
one new stake has been organized — the Montpelier stake, with 
Mrs. Agnes Pearce, president. Reorganizations have taken 
place in the following stakes : St. Joseph, reorganized January, 
1918, with Mrs. Josephine C. Kimball, president, to fill the va- 
cancy made by the resignation of Mrs. Sarah B. Moody; North 
Weber, reorganized January, 1918, with Mrs. Georgina G. Mar- 
riott, president, to fill the vacancy made by the resignation of 
Lucy A. Steers; Utah stake, reorganized February 1, 1918, with 
Mrs. Inez Knight Allen, president, to fill the vacancy caused by 



312 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

the resignation of Mrs. Alartha A. F. Keeler ; ; Eastern States 
misson, reorganized October, 1917, with Miss EHzabeth Thomas, 
president, to fill the vacancy made by the resignation of Miss 
Margaret Edward. 

The following additional items were reported: 

In the potato competition for prizes offered by the First 
Presidency, the Relief Society of the Roosevelt ward, Duchesne 
stake, received the second award of $500 for the largest yield of 
potatoes on one acre of ground, the production being 39,173 
pounds. The president of this Society is Mrs. Alice M. Lambert. 

The Home Economics Department of Utah stake recently 
published a cook book with the double purpose of furnishing suit- 
able war time recipes and of raising funds for the Provo chapter 
of the Red Cross. The book was very creditable as well as prac- 
tical and a large sum was realized from the sale of the book. 

The General Board members visited all of the seventy-four 
stakes during last year, and in addition visited a large number of 
the branches in the Northwestern States mission and California 
mission. 

Mrs. Rebecca N. Nibley and Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman were 
delegates from the Relief Society to the National Conference of 
Social Work held in Pittsburg in June, 1917. 

Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams and Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman at- 
tended the executive conference of the Mountain division of the 
American Red Cross in Denver, in October, 1917. 

At the Red Cross Institute for Home Service, held in Den- 
ver from November 4 to December 16, the Relief Society was 
re'presented by the following: Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman, Salt 
Lake City; Mrs. J. W. Hendricksen, Logan; Mrs. Annie D. Pal- 
mer, Provo, and Miss Cora Kasius, Ogden. 

Counselor Clarissa S. Williams and Emily S. Richards were 
delegates from the Relief Society to the National Council of 
Women held in Washington, December, 1917. 

Mrs. Mary Smith Ellsworth and Mrs. Heber Sears of Chi- 
cago, represented the Relief Society at the Congress of National 
Service held in Chicago, February, 1918. 

The announcement of the adoption of a Relief Society pin 
or emblem was made. The pin consists of the Relief Society 
monogram on a field of white, surrounded by golden sheaves. 

President Wells announced, with deep regret, that Priscilla 
P. Jennings, one of the Board members, had passed away since 
last conference. She also announced that Mrs. Donetta Smith 
Kessler had been chosen to fill the vacancy caused by the death 
of Mrs. Jennings. 

Mrs. Kessler was introduced to the assemblage by President 
Emmeline B. Wells. She stated that she appreciated very much 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 313 

the honor that had been conferred upon her, and she pledged her- 
self to faithful service in the cause. She expressed her great 
interest in all phases of Relief Society work. 

Counselor Clarissa S. Williams, who is chairman of the 
Woman's Committee of the State Council of Defense, explained 
the relation of the Council of Defense work to the Relief Society 
and other women's organizations. She impressed upon her hear- 
ers that the Council has no intention whatever' of encroaching 
upon the identity or disrupting the work of any society or Church 
association. She stated that the aim of the Council is "to secure 
co-operation of women in all efforts concerned' with defense work; 
to correlate the work of public and semi-public organizations, 
that co-operation and harmiony might rule, rather than compe- 
tition, duplication of effort and misdirected energy. 

All heads of organizations were urged to preserve the various 
departments of work under their supervision to the end that, 
when normal conditions are resumed, the organizations will be 
intact. 

It is through societies already organized that the Council of 
Defense hope to accomplish its more effective work. All activi- 
ties will be correlated with the National Defense throughout its 
various state and county divisions. Organizations are requested 
to keep a record of all war activities, which record will prove of 
value to the Council of Defense in making its report of the 
woman's work of the state to the government. 

Mrs. Williams spoke of the praise already accorded Utah 
women for their splendid organization and work, and asked that 
the Woman's Committee of the Council of Defense be given all 
support possible by Relief Society women. 

Mrs. Susa Young Gates announced the publication by the 
General Board of Relief Society of a surname book. She stated 
that the book will be unique in every w^ay. Adapted entirely to 
the use of the Relief Society genealogical students, it will pos- 
sess wide interest for every person in the Church. The chapter 
heads are as follows : Ancient Racial History, Shem's Disobedi- 
ent Races. Ham's Tribes, Japheth's Tribes, Early European Race 
History, Where the Races Settled in Europe, Races in Great 
Britain. Personal Names. Evolution of Surnames, Patronymics. 
Sire Names, Scotch and Irish Surnames, Battle Abbey Roll, 
Domesday. Liber Vitae, Anglo-Saxon Names, Place Names, Of- 
ficial Surnames, Trade Names, Nick Names, Prefixes and Suf- 
fixes. French Surnames, German Surnames, Danish Surnames, 
South Sea Surnames. Chinese Surnames and American Surnames. 

The maps, illustrations and tables are : Maps. Canaan. Eng- 
land, Europe, Roman Dominions. British Isles, Ancient World, 
Europe. Ancient Egypt, The Ancient East, Assyrian Empire, the 



314 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

three Scandinavian countries, and one or two others. Illustra- 
tions : Temple in Jerusalem, Chinese Temple, Domesday Book, etc. 
Tables : Pedigrees of David, Descendants of Noah, Houses of Lan- 
caster and York, Henry VH, House of Hanover, French Kings, 
Bonaparte Family, Houses of Stuart and Hanover, Antediluvian 
Patriarchs, Welsh Pedigrees,- Pedigree of Saul, Anglo-Saxon 
Kings, Norwegian, Danish and Swedish Ancient Royal Pedigrees. 

In addition to all this there will be an index of perhaps 300 
pages, consisting of nearly every surname in the Church, taken 
from the census lists in the Presiding Bishop's Ofifice ; and to 
practically every surname will be attached the definition and origin 
thereof. 

The edition is very small. It will be impossible to allow each 
ward to purchase a number of books. However, there will be a 
few left over from the expected number of one to a ward. Those 
who desire to purchase the book must send in orders at once 
(money may come later), as we already have many orders in the 
office now and when the supply is exhausted no more will be 
printed. 

Mrs. Gates stated that the book would occupy double the 
amount of pages at first expected, because of the fact that many 
illustrations, maps and the mammoth index have been added, and 
it has been found impossible to publish the book and sell it at 
$2 a volume. 

The assembled general and stake officers voted to raise the 
price of the book to $3 per volume. 

A rate of $2.75 per volume will be allowed where books are 
purchased in lots of one dozen or more. Address letters and 
orders to the General Secretary, Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman. 

Mrs. Janette A. Hyde, busines manager of The Relief Soci- 
ety Magazine, thanked the women very cordially for their hearty 
support of The Relief Society' Magazine, and asked patience if 
the war interfered with prompt mail delivery . 

Afternoon Session. 

Counselor Julina L. Smith outlined the duties of Relief 
Society women as they were announced years ago by the Prophet 
Joseph Smith. She spoke also of the added duties since the out- 
break of the war, and urged the women to remember three 
things — their own strength, the cause they are working for, and 
the boys in the national service. Having recently visited Camp 
Kearny, Mrs. Smith brought a word of cheer and comfort to the 
mothers who have sons in that camp. She stated that the soldiers 
were, in many instances, better cared for than at home. She felt 
that not all would go into the battlefield to die, but that those who 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 315 

would be called by death, either at the war front or at home, were 
soldiers needed on the other side. 

Mrs. Amy B. Lyman outlined the duties of officers in the 
Relief Society organizations. She cited four big ideals which 
had been evolved by the nation since the outbreak of the war- 
devotion to cause, unity, obedience to authority, and willingness 
to train for service. On these four things, she said, the Latter-day 
Saints Church had been greatly criticized in the past; for these 
four things since the outbreak of the war the Church had re- 
ceived its highest compliments. These ideals, she said, had been 
the cause of the great success of the Relief Society. 

Mrs. Lyman stated that all officers in the Relief Society 
should first of all be women of honor and integrity, women with 
abiding faith and with a testimony of the gospel. She urged each 
woman to fill, to the best of her ability, the office, to which she is 
appointed, making a specialty of the particular work to which she 
is called. In a great many instances people have the wrong atti- 
tude toward their work. For example : It is often the case that 
instead of making the most of the positions to which they are 
called, women neglect their own work and encroach upon the 
work and duties of other officers. 

It is the duty of a president to preside and to look after the 
general work of the Society. Her particular effort should be 
placed upon the work as a whole, and not on the detailed por- 
tion thereof. A president who spends all her time with the small 
details loses sight of the broadness of her own work. She should, 
therefore, rise above the details frequently and get a broad view 
of the situation. No president can afford to do the work of 
the secretary. As soon as she does this, she neglects her own 
important work and loses her great opportunity to forward the 
general work of the society. Any president who prefers to do 
the secretary's work rather than her own work, should resign as 
president and take up the work of the secretary. 

Presidents should compare their work frequently with the 
work of other stakes and wards, and see that it is up to the stand- 
ard. 

The counselors are aides to the 'president and should be con- 
sulted freely by the president regarding all matters connected with 
th stake or ward organization. There is wisdom in counsel. Coun- 
selors should not be ignored. They should help with the work 
and should help to bear the responsibility connected with the .work. 

Secretaries should be chosen with regard to their particular 
fitness for the work they are to do, just as organists are chosen 
for their particular work. The work of the Relief Society has 
become so complicated, and the work of the secretary so special- 
ized that unless she has had some previous training for this work, 
it is very hard for her to cope with the situation. 



316 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

The work of the treasurer is also rather technical, and wom- 
en should be chosen for this position, if possible, who have had 
some business training. 

Teachers should appreciate the great importance of their 
special field of work, being prompt with their visits and in no 
way neglecting them. They should aim constantly to live up to 
the ideals set for them and to do the work in the best possible 
manner. They should be wise and discreet in their dealings with 
families and should make it a point to carry hope and good cheer 
into all the homes which they visit. 

The work of the class teachers is, in a sense, specialized work. 
The woman who accepts the position of class leader should spare 
no pains to present lessons in an intelligent and edifying manner. 
This will require a great deal of study and preparation on her 
part. A class leader who is well prepared and enthusiastic over 
her work is a real power in the society and a great aid to the of- 
ficers in maintaining a high grade of interest, and in increasing 
the attendance at Relief Society meetings. A class leader may 
judge of the effectiveness of her work b}' the results she obtains. 
Stake and ward prcsick^nts should see that their organiza- 
tions are complete. When vacancies occur they should be filled 
at once. 

Mrs. Lyman read the following extract from a Circular of 
Instructions on Relief Society work: 

"A stake president, who is incapacitated for any reason, or 
who intends leaving her home for any extended period, should 
consult with the presiding priesthood as to her resignation. It is 
unwise for any organization to be left without an active head." 

Meetings for stake officers should be held at least once a 
month. A meeting for stake and ward officers should be held 
at least once a month. 

The speaker requested that all circular letters sent out by the 
General Board be preserved carefully for future reference. 

Mrs. Martha A. F. Keeler spoke a few moments on "The 
Ideal Relief Society," emphasizing the importance of having the 
meetings conducted with tire spirit of prayer, humility and love. 
The time should be spent with important and eternal things, and 
all temporary, trivial things should be ignored. IMeetings should 
be opened and closed promptly according to scheduled time and 
those responsible for the program should see that ever}1;hing is in 
readiness so that no time is wasted. 

Mrs. Inez Knight Allen spoke briefly of the Hoover Cook 
Booh recently published by the Relief Society women of the Utah 
stake, stating that those stakes who desire to handle the book in 
large numbers might have special concessions by applying to the 
Utah Stake Relief Society. 



GENERAL COXFEREXCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 317 

Mrs. Rebecca N. Nibley moved a vote of thanks to the 
Bailey Floral Company for the handsome easter flowering plant 
presented to the General Board. The motion was seconded by 
Mrs. Crismon and carried. 

Evening Session. 

Dr. Melvin C. Merrill, of the Utah Agricultural College, 
spoke on "Home Gardening." He emphasized the need of care- 
ful planning for the garden, with consideration of the amount of 
foodstuffs needed by each member of the family. He decried the 
idea of planting as many seeds as happened to be obtained at a 
seed store, but declared that every inch of ground should be used 
to the greatest advantage. Intensive gardening, Dr. Merrill in- 
sisted, must" be the great slogan of the summer's activity. If 
there were weeds it was a sure proof that the garden was too 
large for its crop. The soil should be carefully prepared and fer- 
tilized. A great variety of vegetables should be planted and early 
summer crops should be speedily replaced with those to be har- 
vested in the fall. 

Prof. Byron Alder, of the U. A. C, emphasized ths need of 
raising poultry as one of the big foodstuffs of the nation. With 
the shipping of all possible meats to the war zon*, Prof. Alder 
said the poultry yard must be made to furnish a big part of the 
nation's protein foods. It takes two years, he asserted, to raise 
a beef for the market, one year for pork, one year for mutton, but 
eggs and poultry can be kept almost constantly on the market 
from the time the hens begin laying. Every family in the country, 
he urged, should raise enough eggs to last it a year, the spring 
eggs to be put away in' liquid glass for the winter. He told of the 
care needed by the young chicks in order to insure the greatest 
possible production of eggs, urging especially plenty of water 
and sufficient meat, fish and bone scraps. Prof. Alder also urged 
the raising of a large variety of chickens. 

Miss Joan Moen, of the U. A. C, gave a demonstration in the 
remodeling and renovating of old clothing, emphasizing the pos- 
sibilities of old silk hosiery, woolen underwear, and other articles 
usually thrown away. 

The morning session of our Relief Society conference in the 
Assembly Hall found a crowded congregation ready for the ex- 
cellent program which had been prepared by the Home Science 
department, under the direction of Mrs. Janette A. Hyde. After 
the opening exercises, Miss Alice Ravenhill, professor of home 
economics at the U. A. C, herself one of the best known authors 
in the United States on Child- Welfare, took up this subject and 
delivered a most excellent address. The facts and truths which 
she treated are very familiar to the women of the Relief Society, 



318 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

but a new angle was given through the presentation of modern 
statistics ; and especially attractive was the cultured form and sub- 
stance of the address. The speaker referred to the decision of 
the United States to make this coming year a child-welfare pe- 
riod, and manifested the need of more intelligent apprehension 
concerning the age-old problems of child-protection from diseases 
and death. Compared ignorance concerning the causes and pre- 
vention of infant mortality to a poison in the human system which 
necessitates an antidote, and recited the startling figures of infant 
mortality which was like a public poison withering the roots of 
national life. 

"Some races have more resistance to certain diseases than 
others," said the speaker. "The Caucasians are more susceptible 
to tuberculosis, whooping cough, measles, scarlet fever and other 
ailments. The yellow race has a peculiar resistance to certain or- 
ganic diseases which enables it to live under conditions which 
would be fatal to the white race Each one of us inherits certain 
tendencies. It is our duty to find out the direction in which each 
child is least resistant, to strengthen the weak and consolidate its 
strong points. Liberty does not carry with it the right to disre- 
gard the rights of others. The greater the democracy the stricter 
the discipline of its members that the rights of others be re- 
garded — the more responsible their duty to maintain a high stand- 
ard of health, strict sanitary conditions, not alone for their own 
welfare, but that of their neighbors." 

She stated that 300,000 children died annually in this coun- 
try before birth and declared that these conditions could be im- 
proved by a complete birth registration insuring the lightening of 
considerable ignorance and the aiding of the poverty stricken. 
Three thousand more children, she said, died before twelve 
months of age. The United States spends $350,000,000 on its 
insane population in one year, despite the two preventable causes 
of insanity — unfit parentage and the poisoning of the mother's 
system before the birth of the child. She told of the death rate 
in the various countries of the world of infants under twelve 
months old, for every 1.000 of child population, as follows: 

Belgium, 167; Italy, 153; Germany, before the war, 147; 
France, 127; England, including the city of London, 90; Russia, 
248; Canada, 248; New Zealand, 50; and the United States, 
based on a very incomplete estimate, 120. Twenty-five per cent 
of the babies of this nation were found to have died of condi- 
tional debility ; 9 per cent of bronchitis or pneum.onia ; one-ninth 
of digestive disorders ; 50,000 annually of tuberculosis ; 12 out of 
every 100 of whooping cough ; from 10,000 to 20,000 annually of 
measles. For every death there was also counted six cases of 
illness which survived, resulting in blindness, deafness, dullness, 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 319 

delicate lungs, crooked spines, diseased joints, ruined digestions, 
etc. 

The speaker urged the mothers to study the conditions which 
will prevent disease and to enlist themselves in the war against 
child sacrifice. In closing she added some startling statistics as 
follows : 

Some 106,392 men, or 70 per cent of the applicants for the 
navy, had been found physically unfit; 500,000 of the military 
enlistments, or one-third, had been found through preventable dis- 
eases, unfit for service, all between the ages of 21 and 31. Eight 
million more men above 31 had been found physically disqualified, 
meaning that 13,000,000 men who should be in the very prime of 
life were physically useless to their country in its hour of need. 

The demonstration in food values and war-time substitutes 
given by Miss Jean Cox, of the U. A. C, was extremely interest- 
ing and attractive. The speaker had upon the stand sample por- 
tions of various foods, and thus illustrated all of her valuable 
and excellent points. She showed the contrasting caloric values 
and certainly provided many new suggestions for those present 
to work upon in the present food crisis. 

Afternoon Session. 

The conference in the afternoon was addressed by President 
Emmeline B. Wells. Counselors Clarissa Smith Williams, and 
Julina L. Smith, and Mrs. Mary Smith Ellsworth, president of 
the Relief Societies of the Northern States mission. Counselor 
Williams was the first speaker, and she delivered an earnest ex- 
hortation to the sisters, saying, in part : 

"We conserve in food and we conserve our clothing, and we 
endeavor to do all those things which are necessary for us to do 
in order that the great work which is being carried on today may 
be carried on to a successful finish. I want to say to you, dear 
mothers, conserve yourselves. If there is any danger today, it 
will be in the over-anxiety of the mothers and women past mid- 
dle age who are past the child-bearing age, but who are the moth- 
ers of growing children. If there would be a danger to them, it 
would be that they should endeavor to overdo the conservation 
theory. I would feel to impress on you to eat plenty of food, 
'plenty of calories,' as Miss Cox said this morning — not overeat, 
but find, if possible, food that agrees with you, and then 'eat it 
slowly and chew well.' That is an old saw, but it is verily true. I 
know by experience that it does not take as much food for the 
nourishment of an adult person if it is thoroughly masticated. So 
take time to eat, take time to rest a little, and to reflect; and 
above all things, take time to pray that you may have the spirit of 
our heavenly Father and his beloved Son, to uphold you and give 



320 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

you strength to carry the burdens which are yours during these 
trying times. 

"I am of the opinion that the women of the Latter-day Saints, 
with their usual responsibihty in taking up new measures, are do- 
ing all in their power to help to carry on this great struggle in 
which we find ourselves. But sisters, have you ever paused to 
think that this war will not be won with bullets — it will be by the 
united efifort of the whole people of the world who are working 
for peace and the right kind of peace, that the people may enjoy 
all the rights which the Lord designated that they should enjoy 
here in the world, and that it will take faith and prayer and work 
more than bullets to win this great struggle. 

"I presume that many of you are surprised and delighted with 
the opinion of many noted men that the love of the Lord and the 
belief in the divinity of the Lord, and the thought that religion 
adds to the happiness of the human family is being widely dis- 
seminated, not only among men who have been of a non-religious 
nature, but many young men who thought they had no religion. 
I do not mean only our own young men, but many of the young 
men of the world are being led to believe that there is a God, that 
there is a future life beyond this life, and it is being borne in on 
them that it is proper that they should live in such a way that they 
should be ready to enter the presence of the Lord. Some beau- 
tiful testimonies come to us from our own young men. You 
know, you mothers, how our boys are often quite indifferent. 
They know that they are Latter-day Saints, they have always 
been Latter-day Saints, they have been taught to do this and that 
and the other, but they have not taken it very seriously. Many of 
them now feel that they are on as sacred a mission as they would 
be had they been set apart to go to preach the gospel; and by 
their conduct, and their manners and the words quietly spoken, 
they are able to be true missionaries to those with whom they are 
associated. I think one of the best things that has come to me 
has been the testimony of my own young son. He had the 
measles in the training camp, and during the time that he was in 
quarantine he had a great deal of time to reflect and read. While 
he was in a ward, he was yet in a quiet corner, and he wrote to 
tell me that he had had a beautiful testimony of the gospel. He 
had always thought the gospel was true, and it meant the most 
to him of anything, but he had never had a testimony of the gos- 
pel until those quiet hours that he spent in reflection and in prayer 
while he was on his sick-bed. Now that, sisters, means more to 
me and more to you who have sons who can bear this same tes- 
timony, than millions of dollars of riches. The very thought that 
our children are impressed with the divinity of the gospel, that 
they have the inspiration to tell them that the gospel is true, that 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 321 

they can say, 'O, I never realized what an uphft prayer could 
give to me until now !' Now, when our dear ones can approach 
their heavenly Father with a firm belief that he will answer their 
prayers, that he is there, ready, just as their earthly parent would 
be, with accentuated love for them, oh, what a spirit of blessing 
it brings ! 

"I pray, my dear sisters, that we may have the Spirit to up- 
hold us, to give us faith, that we may bless those about us with 
faith and w^ith love and with courage, that we may be upheld by 
the knowledge that our Father in heaven is able to assist us, and 
that at all times we may be found doing his will and keeping his 
commandments." 

Counselor Julina L. Smith continued in the same theme, add- 
ing her own choice and sound advice as follows : 

"While Prof. Ravenhill was speaking to us this morning 
about the boys and the men in the world, I felt to thank our heav- 
enly Father that our boys, the Latter-day Saints boys that have 
been called away, have not been found diseased and in a condi- 
tion that they would have to be sent home because they are not 
fit for soldiers or for anything else. Once in a while w^e find a 
boy or two amongst us who have heart trouble, or some physical 
disability, but we can cheer up and feel thankful that our boys 
who have been reared Latter-day Saints are examples to the 
world ; and when we hear of such things as we heard this morn- 
ing of men in the outside world, we are grateful that our boys 
are not in that condition. 

"Now, most of the army boys smoke, and I said to a doctor 
down in San Diego, 'Why do they smoke?' In reply he stated 
that the boys had to walk so far every morning and drill so many 
hours, and that those who smoked and used tobacco could not 
walk so far as those that did not ; and Lasked him, 'Why do they 
allovv them to smoke ?' He said, 'That is up to them ; they are 
permitted, of course, to use their own judgment in that.' He ad- 
mitted that those who were perfectly pure and clean and kept 
the 'Word of Wisdom,' could walk farther and do better than the 
others. Now, you mothers who have reared your boys to be Lat- 
ter-day Saints, and have taught them not to use tobacco and liquor, 
you have some comfort, even if your sons have been called to war. 

"We have been looking forward to just such times as we have 
now. You, like myself, knew that when the Lord said that just 
such things would come as we are having now, that they would 
come sometime. I did not think it would be in my dav. I thought 
before the end came we w^ould have wars and pestilence and earth- 
quakes and cyclones and all those things which the Lord said 
would come unless we were faithful and true and repented and 
lived right — and we have not lived right, there are manv of our 



Z22 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

own young folks who are being- led away and have not been liv- 
ing as well as they used to live ; but I think those who have had 
good teachings will do well. 

"I have heard of many of our boys who are away, exercising 
their good influence with other young men, that have not had the 
same training that the Latter-day Saints have had, and these oth- 
ers are listening to our Latter-day Saints boys and watching and 
imitating them. 

"In regard to our saving — we can do a great deal of saving . 
in taking care of food. I have seen people who would waste per- 
haps nearly half that they cooked, put on the table what little they 
wanted, and scrape the rest out. We can save by cooking only 
what we need, and if there is a little left over, warm it up and 
fix it over for another meal. But we do not have to eat food 
that is not palatable. We can cook it properly and have it pal- 
atable and good and have some left, and we can save in that 
way. 

"In regard to gardening — I have done lots of gardening my- 
self, and since I have been where I am now, without a little gar- 
den spot, I have looked out on the lawn many a day and thought 
if I had a little corner of that lawn where I could plant a little 
lettuce and a few onions and radishes, and go out and pick them 
in the morning, like I used to do, how glad I would be. It would 
not hurt anybody to take care of a little piece of garden like that. 
I do not believe in saying to our old ladies and to the sisters who 
have worked all their lives : 'It is your duty to go out and plow 
and hoe and water and raise grain and vegetables' — there are 
many young people who can put in some of their time that way ; 
and it will not hurt them, it will do them good — just as much 
good will come to them from raising vegetables as raising flow- 
ers. And the older ladies can put in their time sewing and tak- 
ing care of chickens. Those who were at our meeting last night 
heard the lecture on raising chickens. I was very much interested 
in that. An old lady can tend to the chickens and enjoy it, when 
she could not go out and hoe in the garden. There are things 
that we can all do that will help, and it is all war work. The old 
ladies that can sit and knit stockings and scarfs and wash rags 
and quilt pieces — they are doing their part and helping the sol- 
diers. And I want to tell you that we are on the Lord's side. Our 
boys are working for the Lord, and we are going to win, for the 
Lord always wins. We may have a hard struggle, but we are go- 
ing to win, we know that. As long as we are on the Lord's side 
we are all right. 

"Our Relief Society women have always been ready for what- 
ever call the president of the Relief Society makes upon them, no 
matter what it is for. They respond directly, they are right up 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 323 

and in arms. When the President of the Church says we want 
this, that or the other, they are ready. It is like touching an elec- 
tric button and turning on the light. It takes only a little while 
to get out a word to all of our sisters, then they are on hand to do 
what they are asked to do. It is not because they are afraid and 
have to take counsel : it is because they are loyal and love to work 
in unison. When our government calls on us and says we want 
you to save and take care of the food, we are on hand to do it. 
When the government says, we want your boys, the best and 
healthiest that you have, to go to war. to go and help to save their 
country — that is the biggest and the hardest thing that we could 
be called upon for ; but how do our sisters and our brothers re- 
spond? They say, 'Go, my son, you go and do your part. If you 
lose your life, you will lose it in a good cause, and if your life is 
spared to you, return home, knowing that you have done your 
duty, and you will be prepared to go on and help the Lord in his 
work.' 

""I pray that the Lord will bless each and every one of us and 
help us to do his will and help us that we may not forget to pray, 
to pray for all who have gone to war, that all the honest in heart 
and all who trust in the Lord may be blessed, which is my prayer 
in the name of Jesus. Amen." 

Mrs. Ellsworth said, in part : 

'T feel this afternoon as I listened to that beautiful trio, and 
heard those sisters sing, how blessed are they who trust in the 
Lord ! and I looked over this splendid audience, and those words 
filled my heart: 'How blessed are they who trust in the Lord!' 
The Lord has been good to the Latter-day Saints ; he has kept his 
promise to us that to us should be revealed his mind and will, and 
that we should be magnified in the eyes of the world, and that 
the eyes and the hearts of the nations of the earth should be 
turned to Zion. 

Since the first of last December I have had the privilege of 
visiting 25 groups of women located throughout the six states of 
the Northern States mission, and in making my trips to and fro 
to those 25 groups of women, I have come in contact with many, 
many people, and have had the privilege given to me to talk to 
them about the prophecies concerning the war, and I come to tell 
you that the spirit of unrest, a feeling of fear, is in the hearts of 
the people of the world. Our missionaries testify that as they go 
from door to door, tracting. many are glad to listen to their word ; 
they are turning their hearts to the things of the Lord. 

"Our missionaries number about 168, yet are a band of chil- 
dren compared to the educated and experienced men and women 
among whom they labor, but the Lord is good to us— our bap- 
tisms this year have been greater in number than in any other year 



324 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

of our mission. We baptized in the month of July more than 
were baptized in the whole of the first year that President Ells- 
worth presided in the Northern States. 

"And I was glad to hear yesterday in our meeting and today 
the cry from the stand, 'Sisters, conserve your strength.' I think 
sometimes we get too anxious, too over-zealous, and do more than 
is required of us, and still I do not want to feel to criticize, but 
do my utmost in everything that I am called to do. 

"Do you not know that we are blessed above all people in 
all time? To us has been made known the prophecies of the Bi- 
ble, the prophecies of the Book of Mormon, which bring us to a 
fulness of the gospel of Jesus Christ. We have been told that 
dire calamities will come : war, earthquake, pestilence, famine — 
we have been taught it always, not only from the prophets in the 
Bible and the Book of Mormon, but our Father in heaven has 
blessed us with our latter-day prophet, to whom he has revealed 
himself so that the smallest child can understand the things that 
are to come, the test that is to be made of his children. He has 
said to us, T will have a tried people ; you must love me, you must 
keep my commandments ; you must know the gospel and you 
must know that you know it.' I believe the time is right at our 
doors when the world is going to .be shaken up, when the people 
everywhere are going to turn to the Lord — for as we go about in 
our mission, we find hundreds and thousands of beautiful, honest- 
hearted people. But they have not been given the light that we 
have received. 

" 'Blessed are those who trust in the Lord.' While I know 
some of our boys will have to fall, while I believe sincerely that 
many of them will give their lives in this great struggle for lib- 
erty, I believe firmly that to them on the other side will be given 
the great privilege of teaching the gospel to the hundreds and 
thousands who will be slain. 

"The day has come when the spirit of Elijah is poured out 
upon all nations. It is our duty to look after our dead, and if we 
will, the spirit of the Lord will come to us, peace and comfort 
shall be given to us, and even though we lose our sons, the sting 
of death shall be taken away if we keep the commandments that 
the Lord has given us. 

"In our mission, with a little group of less than 400 women, 
we have sent in to the temple during the last year 3,300 names, 
and when I tell you that those sisters, many of them, work by 
the day in stores, in shops, some of them scrubbing, ironing, tak- 
ing care of the sick, or what they can, to pay for that temple work, 
you will know that they believe and are fully converted to the 
principle of salvation for the dead. And so I say the Lord has 
blessed us as he said. He has kept his promise to us." 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 325 

President Emmeline B. Wells then addressed the meeting : 

"My beloved brethren and sisters, I am sorry I am hoarse, 
but feel that I must speak, because I have the same feeling at 
this conference that I have had previously, that perhaps I might 
not be spared until another conference, you know, all of you, that 
I am not young, and probably most of you know that I have been 
a very long time in the Church — seventy-six years, the first day of 
March, since I was baptized into the Church — nearly four score 
years in the Church, and in that long experience I have seen and 
heard wonderful things. I have never doubted, not once, the truth 
of the gospel as revealed through the Prophet Joseph. 

"We should guard our children and protect them from every- 
thing that is wrong ; and when they do marry, they should marry, 
in the House of the Lord, the Temples that we have built here 
wherein ceremonies of this kind should take place ; so that their 
children may be born in the new and everlasting covenant and be 
entitled to every blessing pertaining to that calling. 

"We speak of our young men as our boys. I remember that 
in Nauvoo they u.sed to speak about the Nauvoo Legion as the 
boys of the Nauvoo Legion. A great many of them were boys, and 
the Prophet Joseph himself was young. When we look back and 
think of his age, think of what he had passed through, and the 
terrible persecutions he endured, and then of his terrible death, 
and his brother Hyrum, and what they suffered, it startles us ! 
However, we believe what the scriptures say, that the blood of 
the martyrs is the seed of the Church ; and since that time, how 
wonderfully the Church has grown. 

"I recall the very, very dark hours in Nauvoo, when the 
Prophet was taken to prisoi., and how the people mourned, 
mourned as if he were their very own — it is sad even to think of 
it, the mourning of the people at the time when the Prophet and 
his brother Hyrum (the father of our present prophet, seer and 
revelator today) were taken to prison ; and how the people 
turned out in the streets to watch them go ! And I recall that 
President Daniel H. Wells said many times when he spoke of it, 
that they passed his house, which was just on the outskirts of the 
city, and that the Prophet stopped and spoke to him and said to 
him, "Squire Wells, I hope you won't think I am the worst man 
in the world because I am going to prison" There was a crowd 
of people all the way they went. I saw them when they went, 
and the crowd that followed them. But this was really on the 
outskirts of the city when he spoke to Squire Wells and shook 
hands with him, I believe if I remember right. Squire Wells had 
not then become a member of the Church, although I think he 
was convinced that "A^ormonism" was true, and tried to wait for 
his wife to believe as he did. You know t!ie story, all of you — I 



326 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

do not need to repeat that, but I do want to bear my testimony, 
even if it should be the last that I would have the opportunity to 
bear to you, of the Prophet Joseph and his wonderful personality. 
"I think there is no person — there could not be any one, so 
devoid, I think, of the knowledge of people, that could think that 
there was anything- but loyalty and truth and love and mercy in 
his character. He certainly had a divine appearance. It seems to 
me tiiat he must have been very much like the Savior himself. 
When I think of him I can see him just as plain as anything' can 
be in my mind's eye, as if he stood here in the midst of us, 
speaking- to the people as he did on every occasion that I heard 
him talking to the people. 

"We have had persecution here, but not to com])are with 
that. We have had the army in Echo canyon, and kept them there 
for a while, until we could move to Provo and other places in the 
south. And then we returned in great triumph. I recall the time 
when Heber C. Kimball came into the house where three of the 
Wells family were gathered at that time in Provo, and he sat 
down to talk to us. He saw that we were gloomy — especially I 
was gloomy, because T had seen the time when we were driven 
from Nauvoo, an.d when my own mother died from persecution. 
She was not fifty years old when she died of the hardships. Of 
course hundreds of others died as well. When we went to Provo 
it brought it all back again — and Heber C. Kimball sat in our 
house in Provo, before we went into the shanties, and said, 
"Emmeline, let me tell you that we shall go back to Salt Lake 
City, and we shall go back in triumph." It was pretty hard to be- 
lieve, and I do not know that I did exactly believe it, but it came 
to pass. 

"The Lord has preserved us in these valleys of the mount- 
ains. He has keyit us, and we are preserved, and we have grown 
and we have multiplied, and in nearly all of the nations of the 
earth and on the islands of the sea we have people faithful and 
true, just as we try to be who live here under the droppings of 
the sanctuary, and hear our prophets speak and talk and hear our 
President. All of us, probably, who are here in this house have 
heard President Joseph V. Smith speak from the stand in the 
Tabernacle. Undoubtedly w^e have, and I hope we shall again 
<luring this conference. And we have this grand Society, this 
Society of women, that was organized by the Prophet Joseph 
himself in the City of Nauvoo, in the Masonic Hall. There were 
then only a few, 18 in number, and three of the brethren of the 
Priesthood with them. And w^e have still kept on. Now we have 
hundreds an.d thousands in the Relief Society, and I believe we 
have all been well taught, even those who have been in foreign 
countries, When I heard Brother Hyrum M- Smith'.s wife speak 



GENERAL CONFERENCE OF RELIEF SOCIETY. 327 

as she did at one of our conferences recently, I felt that the Lord 
had certainly been with her in proclaiming the truth there, almost 
as much, I may say, as he had with the elders. And our sisters 
who have traveled and gone in foreign countries with their hus- 
bands and some without them, and the missionaries who have 
been called to stay there, their wives have gone with them ; and 
then the young girls, young women, who have been called into 
the mission field, they have all done a great work. 

"I remember, in Nauvoo, when some of the missionaries would 
be starting away, I thought, 'I only wish I were a boy, and if I 
could go on a mission, how glad I would be !' And I never ex- 
pected then that I would see the day when the women would be 
called to go abroad and teach and preach the gospel. But I am 
very glad that I have lived to see that day. Soon after going 
to Nauvoo, having been associated always with the people in 
Nauvoo, I heard a very great deal about missions and going on 
missions, and I had the greatest -desire in the world even then to 
go on a mission, though we were sick, and distressed, and poor, 
and had scarcely enough to eat. But I have never been really 
sent on a mission. I think I have been eleven times in Washing- 
ton — on special missions, and I have been abroad, and I have 
talked the gospel to hundreds of people and strangers everywhere 
I went, if there was any opportunity at all. I have never been 
called upon a mission ; but I was set apart to this mission that I 
have now in the Relief Society, which is as great a mission as I 
can possibly have. I love the sisters of the Relief Society as I 
love myself and my own kindred — they are just as near to me as 
many of my own kindred are that are dear to me ; and my kindred 
are very dear to me. I feel that I made some sacrifice when my 
mother died a martyr to the faith, but I do not feel that I have 
made any great sacrifice at all myself, because my ways have been 
ways of pleasantness, and everything has been pleasing to me. 

"The Prophet said that the people would come to Zion with 
their packs on their backs to be fed ; and I know a story in con- 
nection with this which I could not tell you today. It is a very 
good one and proof that it was taken to heart by some people. I 
do not think that they have as yet come in that way, but prob- 
ably they will, because of the terrible wars that take place in 
the world today, that are taking place today, and that may yet 
take place in the future, if the prophecies of the Bible and of 
the Book of Mormon, and the Prophet Joseph Smith and of Pres- 
ident Young are fulfilled, they certainly will ; and it looks now as 
if it was not so very far off when they would come to be fed. 

*'I am very glad that I have had the experiences that I have 
had; I am very glad that I am able to tell them to the people 
wherever I go, the wonderful things that we passed through in 



328 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

the early days, the wonderful man President Brigham Young- 
was, as well as the Prophet, for certainly he was one of the great- 
est minds ever given to man. Except the Prophet, we consider 
him until now the greatest. Perhaps there have been other great 
men. At the present time we have the same blood in the man that 
presides over us today that the Prophet had in his veins. 

"I recall with great pleasure the mother of the Prophet, 
how we used to come and kneel down at her feet and think it 
was the greatest pleasure possible, that she must be the greatest 
woman in the world, because she was the mother of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, whom we all revered above any man that we have 
ever seen. And yet we have the same blood today, the blood of 
the martyrs, presiding over us today ! I hope that you, all of 
you, and all of you who preside and have an opportunity to speak 
in meetings, will remember the man who stands at the head of 
the Church today, and who presides over us, that he is the great- 
est man living on the earth today. No kin^ or potentate, or any- 
thing else, no matter what position he may occupy, is so great as 
the man who presides over the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints, of which we are members ; and I hope that you will 
all pray that he and those associated with him may live, that he 
will have his family and friends, and all the Twelve Apostles, 
and especially the President of the Quorum of the Twelve 
Apostles, who is also a great man. Those who hold the 
Priesthood in places where they have been called to pre- 
side should be reverenced and looked up to. And let us 
have that great love in our hearts alw-ays that we felt per- 
haps when we were first baptized into the Church, the love for 
each other, in the Relief Society and for all those women who 
have been called in the Young Ladies' and the Primary Associa- 
tions. Let us love them, and let us help all men, all brothers and 
sisters, all good people everywhere, for God is love, and love must 
be the greatest thing in the world when the Scriptures tell us that 
God is love. Let us love each other, and be true to each other in 
our relation to each other in the Relief Society and all the other 
organizations with which we may be connected or our children or 
our daughters or our sons.. Let us be as strong in the faith as 
it is possible for us to be, and maintain our purity, maintain our 
integrity to the gospel and to those with whom we are associated, 
to our own, and to all others who are good people. 

"That the Lord may bless the Relief Society in every part 
and portion thereof, and all other good people in the world, is 
my prayer. Amen." 



Mothers in Israel. 

MRS. ANN HYER BUDGE AND FAMILY. 

We are happy to present to our readers as the frontispiece of 
this number the remarkable family of a remarkable mother. We 
doubt whether there is such a family at present anywhere on the 
earth, a family of fifteen such healthy, handsome, gifted and 
thorough Latter-day Saints as is presented in this picture. The 
mother looks but little older than her children, while the children 
themselves are noble examples of the value of the applied prin- 
ciples of the gospel of Jesus Christ. 

Nor would we forget or minimize the great factor found in 
the splendid fatherhood of President William Budge, who gave 
life and being to this choice group of sons and daughters. Presi- 
;dent Budge is one of the great pioneers of this Church. He was 
an early settler in Bear Lake valley in Idaho. When that stake was 
organized in 1877, he was made president, which position he re- 
tained until he was called to Logan, on the death of President 
Mariner W. Merrill, to act as President of the Logan temple, 
which position he still occupies. Himself a remarkable man, not 
the least of his executive gifts lies in the strict yet kindly methods 
which he set in operation for the upbringing of his own numerous 
and splendid family. 

The modest yet illuminating sketch received concerning the 
life and labors of this great mother in Israel follows. We com- 
mend the prayerful study thereof to all young mothers in Israel 
who would prepare themselves to become the righteous mothers 
of the righteous sons of men : 

ANN HYER BUDGE. 

Among the large families to be found in the "Mormon" 
Church is the family of Mrs. Ann Hyer Budge of Logan, Utah, 
whose parents. Christian and Caroline Hyer came from Norway 
and were numbered among the first to cross the plains. Mrs. 
Budge was born in Bountiful, January 25, 1853, and when but 
seven years of age she moved with her parents to Richmond, 
Utah. She was early taught to help her mother with the house- 
work, as well as'to assist her father in the fields, especially during 
hay time and harvest. During the grasshopper times, Mrs. Budge 
and her sister were assigned the task of driving the hoppers from 
the grain field by the use of a long rope which they stretched out 
ami dragged over the growing grain. The grasshoppers were 



330 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

thus driven to a pile of straw which was afterwards set on fire 
and in this way baskets of the .destroyers were destroyed. 

Mrs. Bndge had very Httle opportunity to gain an education, 
as the pioneer facilities for instructions made advanced school- 
ing almost out of the question. 

In January, 1868. Ann Hyer met William whom she married 
the following April 4. and immediately afterwards moved to Prov- 
idence, Utah, where she did anything and everything she could 
to assist in the making of a livelihood for her growing family. 

In the autumn of 1870, President William Budge was called 
by President Brigham Young to take his families and move to 
Bear Lake, Idaho, there to assume charge of the Church affairs 
in that section. 

Mrs. Budge brought fifteen children into the world — eight 
boys and seven girls — and has been blessed in that she was suc- 
cessful in rearing all of them. At the time this photograph 
was taken, the boys averaged a weight of 201 pounds, and the 
girls averaged 162 pounds, making an actual weight of 2,742 
pounds of her offspring. Besides caring for all of these children 
Mrs. Budge has devoted more or less of her time to Relief Society 
work, as an active teacher ; and she is always willing to assist in 
any material way required. Today she is counted as one of the 
strongest and healthiest women in the country. It might well be 
argued from this sterling example that rearing children promotes 
vitality and youth in the mother, while not impairing health or 
happiness in the children as some people are wont to assert. 
We are exceedingly proud of this exhibit and present the same 
to our readers and to the world as a family in Israel. 



SKETCH OF DAVID P. KIMBALL. 

Elder Solomon F. Kimball has put time and much loving 
endeavor into an interesting sketch of his able and forceful 
brother David. The pages glow with pioneer items and word pic- 
tures. Not the least interesting portions of the book are those 
intimate, thrilling chapters which reveal some vital experiences 
of the quaint and remarkable author himself. We cordially rec- 
ommend it to our friends and readers. 



Experience. 

By Lucy May Green. 

The knitting- needles clicked merrily in the hands of the dozen 
or more women gathered in the comfortable sitting room of 
Sister Burton of Alvon ward. The occasion was a special meet- 
ing of the Relief Society Red Cross workers and the tongues 
vvagg-ed briskly as the busy fingers plied their needles. 

In one corner of the room a bright, veracious woman was re- 
lating some funny experience and the work was interrupted by 
peals of m.erry laughter. 

Another group were discussing recent events in their neigh- 
borhood, and I'm sorry to relate, were criticizing some of their 
ward officers. 

"This will never do," thought President Hunter, "in a mo- 
ment or two we shall be g'ossiping.''' 

"Sisters," she called aloud, "let us have a song. We will 
sing, 'Count Your Blessings.' " 

A hush fell over the gathering, then a chord was .sounded, 
and the voices mingled in the familiar hymn of gratitude. 

"We have many blessings," began the president as the song 
concluded, "so many that we cannot count them all, some we 
seldom think of, others we do not use at all. Take for instance, 
the use of consecrated oil in the home. Many of our people do 
not even keep a bottle of oil on hand, and if illness comes, and the 
Priesthood is called to administer the healing ordinance, it has to 
be done with borrowed oil, or delayed until some can be pur- 
chased and consecrated. A bottle of oil occupies first place in 
my medicine cabinet," she continued, "I could not keep house 
without it." 

"That is true," answered Sister Larsen, "we do not half ap- 
preciate its value. The last time I visited my 'block' I called at 
the home of one of our good sisters, and found it all confusion. 
A two-year-old youngster was screaming lustily in the arms of 
his mother who was walking the floor in a vain attempt to com- 
fort him. 'Whatever's wrong?' I enquired. 'Why,' she returned, 
'my boy is ruptured, and the friction caused by his truss has chafed 
him badly, and I have no salve or ointment left,' she concluded 
lamely. 

" 'Have you any consecrated oil?' said I. 

" 'Yes, but I would not dare use it myself; that is only for 
the Priesthood to use,' said she. 

" 'What an idea !' I replied ; 'isn't it to be used in the house- 



332 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

hold of faith? Do you think I'd let my child suffer when a few 
applications of healing oil would soothe and relieve? And if you 
would use enough faith, without doubt, it would effect a cure.' 
But she would not be convinced, and as I left she was planning 
to send to the drug store for vaseline." 

"Sisters," said President Hunter, "this is an interesting topic 
for discussion. Let us have your experiences." 

"When I came over from England," spoke up Sister Rose, "I 
brought along a bottle of consecrated oil in my dressing case, and 
when on board ship, the company of Elders and Saints began to 
get seasick. Aly oil was kept in constant us for the healing 
ordinance ; in fact, it was the only bottle of oil on board. One 
faithful old sister became very ill, and was administered to fre- 
quently. She died on the overland journey, but I often think of 
her faith, and the comfort brought about through the adminis- 
trations of the Priesthood, and my bottle of oil." 

"My sister Lou," began Sister Bruer. "always takes some 
consecrated oil when we go on our canyon trips. I used to laiigh 
at her, but on one occasion, when we all got poisoned through 
eating some bottled beans, we found it very useful. Tliat was a 
dreadful experience," and she shuddered as if to shut out the 
recollection. 

"Some have faith to heal, others have faith to be healed. The 
latter has been my especial gift," began Sister Stevens. "PYom 
my childhood up I have always desired to be administered to 
whenever I was sick. If no Elders were available, I used the holy 
oil myself. I have great faith in the blessings pronounced on it 
when it is consecrated by the Priesthood. I have used it for 
neuralg'a, for earache, headache and for burns." 

"That renninds me," observed Sister Mayne. ''Just recently 
I received a distinct impression to get a new bottle, as mine was 
almost gone. I did so, and a few days later I was washing and 
the boiler bubbled over, severely scalding my feet. My folks 
wanted me to send for the doctor, but I used plenty of gauze 
soaked in consecrated oil, was also administered to, and in less 
than two weeks my burns were completely healed, and scarcely 
3ny scar remains. It was an additional testimony of the blessings 
of the gospel," she concluded. 

"Five o'clock, and time to dismiss," called President Hunter. 
"We have heard some wonderful experiences ; let us profit by 
them and in counting our many blessings let us return our thanks 
to our Father in heaven, that he has restored the Priesthood to 
earth, and the gifts of the gospel, among which is the healing 
ordinance and the use of the holy consecrated oil." 



Unusual Mothers. 

M. MELISSA SUMMERHAYS. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 



M. Melissa Sumnierhays, 

daughter of Joshua Parker 

and Drucilla Hartley, was 

born at Kanesville, Pottawat- 
tamie County, Iowa, May 21, 

1852. That same year her par- 
ents crossed the plains. They 

settled in the Sixteenth ward, 

in which ward Melissa was 

reared. At the time of the 

"Move," being then five years 

of age, she went South with 

her parents and remained 

there until Johnston's Army 

passed through Salt Lake 

City en route to Camp Floyd, 

when they came back to their 

home in the Sixteenth ward. 

On June 27, 1870, she was 

married in the Endowment 

House to Joseph William 

Summerhays, and is the mother of sixteen children — nine 
girls and seven boys. Her sons have performed seven missions 
as follows : To England, to, the Southern States, Samoa, 
Switzerland. Germany and France, and she now has one son who 
is serving his country with the United States Expeditionary 
forces, in France. In 1892 she removed to the Forest Dale ward 
of the Granite stake in which ward she now resides. 

She was a member of the Relief Society in the 16th ward 
and has been a member of and a teacher in the Relief Society in 
the Forest Dale ward ever since it was organized. Her special 
mission in the ward in which she now lives is to visit the sick and 
to administer to the sisters who expect to become mothers. 

In talking with her about her life's labors, her desires and 
aspirations, she stated that above all other things she was thankful 
for, was the gospel, and for the comifort and consolation that is 
brought to her. She said that she knew that the gospel was true 
and that in her weak way she had been trying to keep the com- 




334 . RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

niandments of God. in doing whoch she found unspeakable con- 
solation. 

Notwithstanding Melissa is now 66 years of age, and has had 
sixteen children, she is a well preserved woman and her dark hair 
shows very few gray hairs. 

EVANGELINE DUNN HUNSAKER. 
MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

Evangeline Dunn Hunsaker 
is the mother of seventeen chil- 
dren. Great has been her mis- 
sion here on earth and well and 
faithfully has she performed 
the same. She was born Sep- 
tember 12. 1853. in ^Brigham 
City, L'tah. Her father. Si- 
meon A. Dunn, was one of the 
first settlers of Brigham City, 
and lived in the old fort, together 
with President Lorenzo Snow 
and others. Her mother's name 
was Harriet Attwood Silver, 
who joined the Church in Lo- 
well, Massachusetts ; and leav- 
ing all her family and friends 
for the gospel's sake she went 
to Winter Quarters, where she 
met and married Simeon A. Dunn. They emigrated to L^tah in 
1848. Seven children were born to them — three sons and four 
daughters, as follows : Sarah S.. Simeon A., Emaline and Eva- 
line (twins), Charles O., Harriet and Henry (twins). Harriet 
Atwood Silver Dunn died January 1. 1858, leaving her seven 
children with a mother's care. 

Evangeline was only four years old at the time of her mother's 
death. She with the other children were left to the care of their 
father and an older sister (Susannah Dunn), whose mother was 
also dead, and who was only fourteen years old when these little 
brothers and sisters were left to her care. 

In the midst of poverty, the hard times and privations inci- 
dent to the early pioneer life in Utah, the children all young, were 
subjected to a life of hardship that may be imagined only by per- 
sons acquainted with such scenes. 

October 5. 1868. in the Endowment House. Salt Lake City, 
Evangeline was united for time and for eternity to Allen Collins 




UNUSUAL MOTHERS. 335 

Hunsaker. Soon after her marriage she moved with her husband 
to Honeyville. where they Hved for about eleven years, when they 
settled in Ehvood. Utah, being among the first settlers, again 
pioneering a new country. Her husband was a farmer and sheep 
man. He was Presiding Elder of the branch for over ten years 
and always received encouragement and help from his wife. 

Seventeen children were born to them, namely: Simeon A., 
Lewis, Eva L., Lily J\L. Emaline INI.. Harriet V., Ethel, Adeline 
(died in infancy), LaTitia. Margaret, Susie, Aleen, Nephi'(died 
at two years of age), Oscar (.died at three weeks), Lorenzo S., 
Amy, and Harold (died in infancy). Thirteen of the seventeen 
children are now grown to maturity, and all except one ( Lorenzo 
S.) are married and all had that ordinance performed in the 
Temple. 

Surelv the teachings, the example and the loving counsel of 
this parent have not been in vain! If the children of this loving 
mother do anything wrong, or if they do not keep the command- 
ments given to them as members of this Church, it will not be 
because the mother and father failed to teach them by example 
and precept every principle of the gospel. 

Sister Hunsaker is a faithful member of the Church, being a 
worker in the ward Relief Society and helping in every way she 
can. She is the grandmother of 74 children and has four great- 
grandchildren whose father (Simeon A.) died in 1902 and their 
mother in 1904. She has taken these children (the oldest being 
seven years old when their mother died), and cared for them, and 
they are now grown men and women. The eldest (Simeon V. 
Hunsaker) has enlisted in the Navy. 

Two of Sister Hunsaker's sons — Simeon A. and Lewis — have 
filled honorable missions ; the first to Germany and the latter to 
England. 

For almost forty-nine years she has been a constant com- 
panion, a true and devoted wife and a loving mother. Long may 
she yet remain to be a source of inspiration to her posterity. 



FOR RELIEF SOCIETY SINGERS. 

A new and tuneful duet for soprano and alto, entitled, 
"Prince Charming," by our popular and veteran composer, John 
Chamberlain, is now on sale at the Chamberlain Music Company, 
44 South Main St., Salt Lake City, Utah ; price 50c per copy. 



Home Entertainments. 

By Mo rag. 

Much of the joy we receive through Hfe comes from associa- 
tion with one another in the family circle, in the hospitable homes 
of our friends and in our various Church and school gatherings; 
Many of our homes are now feeling the loneliness of separation 
from loved ones enlisted in their country's service, and the un- 
certain waiting that only such a war as this can bring. 

We know it is our patriotic duty to be wise and economical 
of our resources, as well as of our time and money. It is equally 
as much our patriotic duty to bring as much joy and sunshine into 
the world as we possibly can. Uncle Sam is doing everything 
possible to provide recreations for his soldiers in every branch of 
the service ; they have unlimited chances to play, sing and smile. 
I-'ortunately happiness making- need not he costly either in ex- 
penditure of materials, t'me or labor ; only a little, sometimes, in 
the amount of thought, love and personal sacrifice involved. 

We need home fun, and parties to keep up the normal balance 
of our lives. The month of June brings many social occasions, 
wedding parties and receptions, class parties, exercises for flag 
day. Let these be as simple and inexpensive as possible ; avoid 
ostentation ; let the costumes of our brides conform to the Church 
standard ; use simple, home cooked meals, instead of those fur- 
nished by a costly caterer, and for decorations the fragrant flowers 
from the home garden. Whatever refreshments are served at 
your parties let them conform strictly to the "Hoover" standard 
and be made to take the place of one of the regular meals when- 
ever practicable. 

Every bit of the happiness we can create in our homes and 
hearts over here will find its way across the water to those so 
bravely going "over the top" for us that we may live. 

FLAG DAY. 

June 14, the anniversary of the adoption of the flag, is cele- 
brated throughout the land. The age of the American flag sur- 
prises many, for it was adopted by the Continental congress on 
June 14, 1777. 

It is, therefore, eight years older than the flag of Spain, sev- 
enteen vears older than the tricolor of France, twenty-three years 



HOME ENTERTAINMENTS. 337 

older than the British ensign, and preceded the flags of Italy 
(1848), Japan (1S59), and Germany (1871). 

On Flag Day hold patriotic exercises in the home, school and 
Church. Renew your pledge of allegiance, and celebrate the day 
with patriotic song, sentiment, and ,story. 

Decorate your homes with flags and bunting. Good floral 
combinations are red and white carnations and blue cornflowers, 
or crimson roses with blue and white larkspur. 

The Flag in Song. 

"Flag of the Free." "We'll Never Let the Old Flag 

"Star Spangled Banner." Fall." 

"There are Many Flags in "Old Glory." 

Many Lands." "Flag Without a Stain." 

"The Emblem of Freedom." "My Own America." 

"How Betsy Made the Flag." "The Red. White and Blue." 

The follow'ng sentiment written on flag' decol'ated cards 
would make appropriate souvenirs or place cards : "Listen, son ! 
The band is playing 'The Star S])angle(l Banner.' They have let 
loose 'Old Glory' yonder. Stand u]), bare your head, lift your 
eves and thank (icd that you live under the flag." 
Refreshments for Flag Day party. 

Star-shaped san'lwiches, tomato jelly salad garnished with 
white potato stars, lemon ice cream with raspberry syrup and a 
tiny flag in each dish, and graham or oatmeal cookies. 

HOME EVENING. 

June 1 and June 27 are dates that should be remembered in 
every Latter-day Saint home. The former is the birthday of 
that great pioneer and leader, the Moses of modern Israel, Brig- 
ham Young ; while the latter .date is the anniversary of the mar- 
tyrdom of the Prophet and Patriarch of the last dispensation, 
Joseph and Hyrum Smith. 

SOME "'conservation" REFRESHMENTS. 

Honey Nut Sandza^icJies. 

To half a cup of honey add all the finely chopped nuts it will 
hold. Spread between thin slices of brown bread I'ghtly spread 
with peanut butter. 

Peanut Dainties. 

Spread small wafers or graham crackers wi th peanut butter. 
Put a fresh marshmallow in center of each. Heat in a moderate 



338 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

oven until marshniallovvs turn a light brown. Serve with barley 
coffee or grape juice. 

Popcorn Macaroons. 

Mix one cupful of finely ground popcorn with one tablespoon 
of softened butter. Add this to the white of one egg beaten to a 
stiff froth with one- fourth cup of sugar. Flavor with vanilla and 
add a little salt. Drop mixture in little molds on baking sheet. 
Bake in slow oven till light brown. 

Fruit Rice Pudding. 

Half fill small ramekins with cold rice pudding. ]\Iake a 
cavity in center of each ; fill with a tablespoon of raspberry or 
currant jam; smooth over more rice to conceal filling; dredge 
with pulverized sugar and bake five minutes in hot oven. No 
sauce is needed. Serve hot or cold. 

Flag Day Nectar. 

Dissolve two cupfuls of sugar in same amount of cold water ; 
add grated rind of one orange (only the yellow part to be used). 
Bring this to a boil. Strain this syrup; add juice of two lemons 
and two oranges, two quarts of raspberry or strawberry juice and 
one quart of cold water. Serve ice cold. 

Fruit Ice. 

Crush three ripe bananas to a pulp ; add juice of two lemons 
and four oranges. Boil three cups of water with two of sugar 
and the grated rind of one lemon and one orange for a few min- 
utes. When cold combine with fruit mixture. Turn into freezer 
and freeze. 



BUTTERMILK. 

Sour milk may easily be beaten into buttermilk with an egg- 
beater. People who live in the city and find it difficult to get 
honest buttermilk will find this method an excellent one. 



STUDENTS, ATTENTION. 

The many calls by our Society members for the book by 
Lew Wallace entitled The Fair God have exhausted the $0.65 
supply in the city book stores. There are still a few of the $L50 
edition. But Prescott's Conquest of Peru and Mexico gives 
more information, and it is not cast in the form of fiction, but is 
true, pure and simple. 

These books were suggested as supplementary to the study 
of the Book of Mormon. 




^**\> 4««"* 



Our New Board Member. 



MRS. DONNETTE SMITH KESLER. 

The new member of our Board is the daughter of President 
Joseph F. Smith and his wife Julina L. Smith, First Counselor 
of this Board. Her noble parentage did not altogether qualify 
her for this responsible position, but rather the intelligent use 
she has made of all her gifts and inheritances. She is a college 
graduate, a long-time teacher, a loyal daughter, a fond wife, and 
a devoted and wise mother. She will occupy a most useful yet 
modest and unassuming place in our active Board membership. 

She was born in 1872, in Salt Lake City. A thorough stu- 
dent, she graduated from the L. D. S. U. in 1892, and for two 
years thereafter acted as lady superintendent of that institution. 
in 1896 she went to the Pratt Institute of Brooklyn, New York, 
taking up kindergarten work, graduating from that institution 
with high honors "in 1898. She taught kindergarten work in the 
University of Utah from 1898 to 1900 as one of their first spe- 
cialists. She was married to Alonzo P. Kesler, December 26, 
1900, who had just returned from the presidency of the Eastern 
States mission. They were a handsome and striking couple and 
well qualified to assume life's marital responsibilities. 

Sister Kesler still continued in her kindergarten teaching, 
until 1905, giving special summer courses, not only in Salt Lake 
City, but in Logan, Ogden and Manti. These courses were the 
outgrowth of the excellent plans prepared by Sister Kesler for 



340 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

the General Board of the Sunday School Union, and constituted 
model Sunday School training courses. She therefore laid the 
foundation for the subsequent kindergarten Sunday School work 
of the Church. 

She was one of the first workers in the Salt Lake Temple, 
was president of the Y. L. M. I. A. in the Sixteenth ward for 
six years, and was on the Salt Lake Stake M. L A. Board under 
Sister Nellie C. Taylor, until the death of Mrs. Taylor. In later 
years, Mrs. Kesler has devoted her whole attention to the rearing 
of her family. She is the mother of six children — three sons and 
three daughters — the oldest a daughter now 16, the youngest a 
boy of 6. Two years ago she entered the Forest Dale ward 
Relief Society, after which she was called to act as superintend- 
ent of the genealogical work; and this temple and genealogical 
labor has engaged all of her spare time in public service since 
that time. She has worked with her mother in the Temple Clothes 
Committee work since it was begun, and has been a member of 
the Surname Book Committee of the General Board, as well as 
class teacher of the Genealogical Class, held under the charge 
of the chairman of the committee during the past season in the 
genealogical class room of the new Church office building. On 
the 4th of February last, Alonzo P. Kesler died suddenly, leaving 
his grief-stricken but brave wife to finish her life-work alone. 

Elder Kesler was at one time president of the Eastern States 
mission and was always interested in public policies and in the 
building up of waste places. His death will be keenly felt by his 
bereaved family. Yet, like a saint, his wife has gathered up her 
burden cheerfully, not abating one iota of her public or private 
labors, but meeting all with the serene courage, born of faith 
and pure integrity. She is a noble representative of her noble 
and exalted line. 

From this brief record it will be seen that there is a wide 
field of labor for Mrs. Kesler on our Board, and she is amply qual- 
ified to fill every requirement. She is a fine speaker and natural 
logician, gifted with patience and tact, a wise counselor, and is a 
conservative, loyal Latter-day Saint, through and through. We 
welcome her upon the Board. 




INSECTS OF THE HOME GARDEN. 
^3' Professor JJ\ IT. Henderson, Utah Agricitltural College. 

There are so many injurious insects which ravage garden 
crops that it is impossible, and perhaps undesirable in a short 
article to consider any but those from which we are most likely 
to suffer injury in our State. We will, therefore, mention only 
a few of the most flagrant. 

Many insects feed at night and hide during the day in the 
recesses of various plants or elsewhere. They are usually pro- 
tectively colored also, and are not readily seen even when they 
are doing damage, until they become very numerous. The gar- 
dener should therefore keep a watchful eye for the insect in- 
truder. The plants usually show the presence of the enemies by 
presenting a dwarfed, ragged or discolored appearance. When 
this occurs, it is high time to look for the offenders. 

The following insecticides, used in control, can be made up 
by anyone without previous experience if judgment and care are 
used in the process : 

Arsenate of Lead. Mix 3 tablespoonfuls (not heaping) of 
powdered arsenate of lead into a small quantity of water, making 
it into a thin paste. Add this to one gallon of water. Keep it 
stirred when spraying. 

Poison Bran Mash. Mix 1 ounce of powdered arsenate of 
lead with 1 pound of bran, juice from half a lemon, a small quan- 
tity of syrup or molasses to sweeten, and water enough to dampen. 

P.ozvdered Lead Arsenate. Mix 1 part of dry arsenate of 
lead with 3 parts of flour. Use cheese cloth bag or fine spice 
shaker for .dusting the plants. 

Soap Solution. Dissolve ^4 pound of laundry soap in 1 gal- 
lon of water. 

Tobacco Solution. Mix 1 teaspoonful of nicotine sulphate in 3 
gallons of water in which has been dissolved 2 ounces of laundry 
soap. 

Great caution is urged in making up and using insecticides. 
Lead arsenate and nicotine sulphate as well as the insecticides 
made from them are very poisonous and extreme care must be 
taken to keep them out of reach of small children and away from 
poultry or other domestic animals. 



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Current Topics. 

By James H. Anderson. 

The 3/ormon Church, at its April Conference, voted an- 
other $250,000 to the Governement Liberty Bond subscriptions. 

The Temple built by the Latter-day Saints in the Hawaiian 
Islands has been completed. 

The Draft Age has been changed by Congress to include all 
young men reaching the age of twenty-one years in June, 1918. 

Kerosene oil and Coal are likely to be two items added to 
the"scarcity" list in the L^nited States by the close of 1918. 



An earthquake in Southern California on April 21 des- 
troyed two small towns and did a considerable amount of property 
damaere in others. 



The new submarine chasers now being made in the United 
States can travel forty-five miles per hour on the surface of the 
water. That surelv is a great achievement. 



The German high seas fleet is being counted on as reaching 
the Pacific Ocean when the ice in the north is melted sufficiently 
by the approach of summer. 



Twenty-six women conductors in London streetcars were 
poisoned none fatally — in one week in April, by strangers 
treating them to chocolate candy. 



In Mexico, food is so scarce that hundreds, especially child- 
ren, among the poorer classes die each successive month, of starv- 
ation. 



Col. Richard W. Young, of Utah, grandson of President 
Brigham Young, has been promoted to the position of brigadier- 
general — a promotion earned by merit. 



In Palestine, in April, the Turks and Germans attached the 
British at a pvoint a few miles southwest of Nazareth, but were 
driven back. 



344 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Turkey and Bulgaria will soon separate from Germany, is 
President Wilson's expressed view. Only forcible separation will 
be efifective. " ? 



Mexicans to the number of .several hundred have been 
brought to labor in the Utah and Idaho beet-fields. They are 
mostly of pure Indian blood. 



Child welfare is a lovely and timely topic for real and 
would-be mothers ; but many won't-bes seem to be pushing to the 
front in talking in the present national movement. 



The United States began rushing troops to France in the 
latter part of March, so that by this time hundreds of thousanab 
of American soldiers are facing the German invaders there. 



American aeroplanes to the number of tens of thousands 
are now in actual service in training camps, and soon will make 
their force felt in the European theatre of war. 



In Russia, the women have been granted the privilege of vot- 
ing on questions afifecting parish affairs in the Russian church, 
and even to hold the office of elder and act as psalm-reader. 



An aeroplane having crossed the Atlantic, was the an- 
nouncement from Great Britian in April. Official denial was made 
that it came from the United States, but the latter has aeroplanes 
that can make the trip. ? 



Wool is to be taken by the Government at tne price prevail- 
ing on July 30. 1917. Thus all the great commodities except those 
raised in the South have had a maximum price put upon them by 
the Government. 



Congress has been criticizing sharply the incompetency of 
high officials in various national administration departments, with 
the result that much improvement has been made and more is in 
prospect. 



The American Publishers' Association, at its convention 
in New York in April, condemned the Government censorship at 
Washington as deceptive and as suppressing news readily obtain- 
able in other countries. 



Zeebrugge, a German U-base in Belgium, was the object of 
a desperate and highly courageous attack by the English on April 



CURRENT TOPICS. 345 

22. Much damage was inflicted and concrete sliips were sunk in 
the hope of closing" that port to the U-boats. 

Be-rtrand Russell, editor of the London (Eng.) Tribunal, 
and Miss Joan Beauchamp. owner, have been sentenced on con- 
viction of "abusing" (maligning) American troops, Russel to 
six months imprisonment and Miss Beauchamp to pay a fine of 
$300. 

. .Easter Sunday, 1918, in commemoration of the resurrection 
of Jesus of Nazareth, was celebrated peacefully and earnestly at 
a meeting of about four thousand Christians of various denomin- 
ations assembled upon the Mount of Dlives, Palestine— the first 
occasion of the kind in history. 

Holland is in an awkward predicament as to its neutrality. 
Germany insists on pushing war materials through that country to 
the fighting front, while America will not supply the Netherlands 
food if such aid to Germany continues. It seems to be either fight 
or starve. 



Three long-range cannon, made by Germans, surprised 
the military and mechanical world in April, by being used to bom- 
bard Paris from St. Gobain wood, a distance of seventy-five miles. 
The highest point reached in the flight of the missile thrown is 
estimated at twenty miles above the earth. 



Russia has lost one-third of its population and scores of 
square miles of territory by annexations to Germany in the peace 
treaty arranged with the Bolsheviki. This accounts for many 
Russian army units being reofficered by Germans and incorporated 
into the kaiser's armies. 



Germany's great drive began March 25, and forced the allies 
in France backward about forty miles at one point. At the end of 
April the battle was still on, wi'th the allies resisting determinedly. 
Germany, since the defection of Russia from the allied cause, 
has about two men to one against the allies in France. 



Certain labor unions in the West called a .strike for May 
1, as a protest against T. J. Mooney, convicted of murder during 
the preparedness parade in San Francisco, being executed. If 
Moonev is guilty of the crime charged, his sympathizers by strikes 
cannot lay claim to loyalty to the United States in the present 
crisis. 




Mrs. Clarissa Smith Williams, 

Red Cross. 

The development and expansion of the American Red Cross 
has been one of the most remarkable achievements of the war. 

Spurred on by orders from General Necessity the Red Cross 
workers of the Mountain division, comprising Utah, New Mexico, 
Wyoming, and Colorado, continued their record-breaking activ- 
ities during March. Figures compiled at division headquarters 
in Denver show that the valiant troops of various chapters, 
branches and auxiliaries are maintaining a "barrage" of our neces- 
sities that will be of great assistance in keeping old General Von 
Suffering from advancing his forces into alHed territory. 

During the month, 992,169 articles, including knitted goods, 
hospital garments and supplies, surgical dressing and refugee 
garments, were received at the division warehouse. The Febru- 
ary receipts were 888,834 articles, and the January receipts 567,- 
684 articles. Thus, it will be seen, the division production has 
practically doubled since the first of the year. 

Plenty of Yarn Now Available. — The Mountain Division 
Supply Department advises that it now has an abundant supply 
of varn. It can supply all chapters. The present price, as estab- 
lished by Washington headquarters, is $2.30 a pound. 

Director Standart, of the Bureau of Supplies, wishes to im- 
press upon chapters the necessity of following a uniform prac- 
tice in ordering supplies. Be sure to specify what yarn is for, 
also color desired. He urges the use of Form 250. Do not put 
anything on this but the order. If it is desired to ask any ques- 
tions, write on a separate sheet. The matter then will be re- 
ferred to the proper department, and more prompt attention is 
assured. 

Food Production. 

Preachers Asked to Help in Food-Production Campaign. — 
Ministers of All Religions Requested to Tell their People How 
America Needs Food. — Washington, 'D. C. Every [minister, 
priest and rabbi in the United States is to be asked to join in the 
campaign that aims to insure this year record-breaking crops of 
every farm product. 



PATRIOTIC DEPARTMENT. 347 

We learn from a New York paper that on one day in one 
street alone, 200 pounds of half-loaves and pieces of bread were 
found in the garbage pails of that city. This street was but 
one of 300 squares in that great center. The same article states 
that there are 216,000,000 pounds of flour wasted in that city an- 
nually. Surely the food conservation movement will do some- 
thing' for these wasteful and extravagant people. The article 
states that while many fashionable women are out doing popular 
work, their maid-servants waste more than these women could 
possiblv earn. 

Child Welfare Work. 

The government is emphasizing the needs of little chddren 
who are deprived of milk. 

Of 756 Baltimore children between 2 and 7 years of age. only 
29 per cent are now having fresh milk to drink as against 60 per 
cent a year ago. And only 20, or less than 3 per cent of the chil- 
dren studied are having as much as three cups a day. With the 
babies under 2 the Children's Bureau says the situation is a little 
less serious. Apparently their needs are more generally under- 
stood than the needs of the child over 2. 

Most serious, according to the Children's Bureau, is the 
general substitution in the child's diet of tea and coffee. Of the 
575 children who are not drinking milk, 64 per cent have defi- 
nitely substituted tea and cofifee, and 24 per cent are "sharing the 
fami'lv diet," which may or may not include tea or coffee, or milk 
in other foods. 

The Children's Bureau states : "Taking a pint and a half of 
fresh milk as the desirable daily allowance for the average child. 
these 756 children were having last year on an average only 40 
per cent of what they should have had; this year their daily al- 
lowance has dwindled to 14.4 per cent of this allowance. 

"The work of Children's Year should emphasize in every 
community the importance of fresh milk in the diet of young 
children. Without proper nourishment, children can not keep 
well and free from physical defects, and a campaign of educa- 
tion on the feeding of children is an essential part of the saving 
of 100,000 lives during the second year of the war." 

When children cannot or will not use raw milk it should be 
made into gravies, soups and custards. 

"Mothers are just beginning to realize that the better care 
which babies must have if 100,000 of them are to be saved dur- 
ing Children's Year, should commence before the baby is born. 
Every year three times that number of children under five die and 
are lost to the country before they have lived much beyond in- 
fancy. A large part of this vast multitude of young Americans 



348 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

perished needlessly, because many of the deaths could have been 
prevented by proper and sufficient care. 

At what age do most of these preventable deaths occur? 
What are the proven methods by which babies' lives may be 
saved? From the answers to these questions mothers will ap- 
preciate the special work for children which they can do during 
Children's Year. 

The first and largest number of deaths among little babies is 
due to what are called the prenatal causes. 

The essential features of good care for expectant mothers 
are proper and sufficient food, rest, freedom from overtaxing 
forms of work and from worry, and prompt attention to small ail- 
ments as they arise. A prospective mother needs a light, nutri- 
tious diet of digestible foods, such as she likes and her appetite 
demands. Fried and greasy foods, heavy puddings, and all heavy 
or rich pastries, or an excess of any one article, should be elim- 
inated from her diet, as well as anything which she does not 
readily digest. It is also important that the expectant mother 
should drink a sufficient quantity of water each day. 

During the last eight weeks before the baby comes the 
mother should, as far as possible, be spared all forms of heavy 
and taxing labor, in order that her strength may be built up in 
anticipation of the coming demand upon it. The baby's proper 
development also depends largely upon the mother's condition at 
this time, since the baby gains half his weight in the last eight 
weeks of pregnancy. The mother's ability to nurse her baby de- 
pends largely upon the care she has during these last weeks and 
immediately after confinement. 

The Children's Bureau, Washington, D. C, will send to any 
one asking for it a pamphlet giving simple directions to mothers- 
to-be. 

It is a comforting reflection to the Relief Society to know, 
as always, that we are a few steps in advance of the world in 
good words and good works. This Society, through the Home 
Economics department, began the study of child problems more 
than a year ago, and this year's lessons have dealt very liberally 
with questions pertaining to the care and feeding of children ; so 
that we are, as usual, quite ready now to take up those detailed 
studies in child-welfare work prescribed by the government. 

Weigh Your Child for the Government. 

The instructions for carrying out the weighing and measur- 
ing test of American children under 5 years of age were sent to- 
day by the Child Welfare Department of the Woman's Commit- 
tee of the Council of National Defense to its state and local child- 
welfare chairman, who will be responsible for the test in each 



PATRIOTIC DEPARTMENT. 349 

community. The record cards will follow after word is received 
of the exact number required by each committee. 

Parents who wish to enter their children in the national test 
should communicate with the local chairman of the- child-welfare 
committee of their State Council of National Defense, or if no such 
chairman has yet been appointed, with the county or state child- 
welfare chairman of the council. Local chairmen who have not 
received instructions about the test or the detailed program of 
which the test is the first feature should communicate at once 
with the child-welfare chairman of their State Council of De- 
fense. 

Utah Woman's Council Activities. 

In the State of Utah, the Defense Council organization is 
exceptionally complete. In every town and village w-omen's so- 
cieties, especially the Relief Societies of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints, have existed for many years, and 
these societies not only formed a working basis for our war ef- 
forts, but were very helpful to the general committee in organiza- 
tion work. There is now a branch Council in every county, 
which assists in any branch of the work which has so far been 
accomplished. 

The Woman's Liberty Loan Committee was very active in 
the second and third Liberty Loan drives, and the success of these 
drives was, in a large measure, due to the indefatigable efforts of 
this committee. 

The Woman's Committee has held its semi-monthly meet- 
ings and aimed to proceed, along lines which would be conducive 
to united effort among the women of the state. The program 
for the coming year is far broader than before, and the plans in- 
dicate that much wall be accomplished. The conservation com- 
mittee has outlined a plan of work which will go far toward in- 
creasing the supply of food production in this state. The Com- 
mittee on Education is taking steps toward the Americanization 
of aliens — the w'omen as well as the men. The Government has 
requested that every effort be made for the saving of one hun- 
dred thousand children during the year beginning April 6, 1918, 
and ending April 6, 1919. The number alloted to Utah to save 
is 496 children. Physicians, nurses and each organization inter- 
ested in child-welfare are asked to unite in an earnest endeavor 
to further this important movement. 

While this terrible conflict is depopulating the world, every 
patriotic citizen — man or woman — will consider it a duty to lend 
every eft'ort toward prolonging the life, and promoting the health 
and happiness of the rising generation. 



350 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Americanization in Utah. 

The Committee on Education of the Woman's Council of 
Defense for Utah has been organized about three months. In- 
structions have been received from the National Committee on 
Education that the special work to be undertaken throughout the 
Nation is the conversion to American ideals of the foreign-born 
population, and the rousing to patriotism of those who may be 
hike- warm among the native population. 

Since Utah has a foreign population of about 65.000 out of 
less than 400,000 inhabitants, mostly in the mining camps, how- 
ever, it is quite apparent that there is need for active patriotic 
work. 

The State committee has undertaken to have a chairman of 
Education appointed in each county of the state ; and to date more 
than half of the counties are fully organized and ready for work. 

A letter has been sent to each county chairman of the Defense 
Council urging her to appoint someone to take charge of this 
work, and to further its interests. A letter has also been sent to 
the school superintendent of every county asking his support and 
to all of the high schools and colleges. 

All of the foreign newspapers have been visited — including 
the German, Scandinavian, Greek and Japanese — and have given 
permission to use their columns for any patriotic purpose. 

It is the aim of the committee by means of the printed page 
and the co-operation of the school child to scatter to the indi- 
vidual home much useful information. Also by means of sec- 
tional meetings and personal contact to meet many of those who 
for one cause or another are "disgruntled." 

This committee is in correspondence with the great New York 
banker, Mr. Otto H. Kahn, a loyal American of German birth, 
who is not only a liberal patron of arts and letters, but is more — 
a loyal, consistent supporter of the U. S. Government, and is in 
constant council with Government officials, lecturing to German- 
Americans everywhere, and writing the clearest and most formi- 
dable of pamphlets in support of the Allies' movement. His 
article on ''Poisoned Prussianism" will soon appear in our Utah 
paper, the Beohachter. 

We are in the war to win and we need the help of every cit- 
izen of Utah, and all who are not citizens must be for us — else 
they are against us ! 



Conservation Pointers. 

The United States Department of Agriculture, endorsed by 
the Food Administrator, has just launched a new Food Conserva- 
tion campaign. The object of this campaign is to stimulate the 
use of a valuable food made from a by-product of the butter 
industry. 

Over forty per cent of our entire milk production is made 
into butter. When we take 100 pounds of milk for butter, we 
get 4 pounds of butter. 12 pounds of buttermilk, and 84 pounds 
of skim milk. This skim milk is now largely fed to farm animals 
or wasted. The department has found cases where millions of 
pounds of skim milk was run into sewers from creameries. This 
skim milk is too valuable a food to be either fed entirely to farm 
animals, or wasted. If we feed 100 pounds of skim milk to a 
hog we get in return about 7 pounds of pork. If we make 100 
pounds of skim milk into cottage cheese, we get 15 pounds of 
cottage cheese, which cheese, pound per pound, is the equivalent 
of lean meat in food value. It contains 25 times more lime than 
meat, a most valuable bone building material absolutely necessary 
for young children. It contains nine times more lime than a 
dozen eggs. It is as efficient a muscle builder as meat or eggs, 
and a more efificient muscle builder than beans or cereals. 

We have asked our farmers to produce more food of every 
kind. Here is a food that we have already produced. To have 
it. we do not need to plow another acre of ground, or plant an- 
other seed, or invest another dollar — it's here — it costs half as 
much, as meat, and may often replace meat in the diet very ad- 
vantageously, provided the system can easily digest milk, and its 
by-products. Shall we use it? 

r.AKED BREAD AND CHEESE. 

4 medium slices of bread. 1 cup of cottage cheese. 

1 whole egg. Ya teaspoon soda. 

1 ^%% yolk or an egg white. Onion juice. 

2 cups' of milk. Parsley and pimento, or pic- 
y^, teaspoon salt. alili or chili sauce, nuts if de- 
Cayenne pepper, sired. 

Butter the bread and cut the slices in squares or diamonds. 
Place a layer, buttered side down, on the bottom of a large shal- 
low buttered baking dish. Dissolve the soda in a little of the 
milk and with it mix the cheese to a soft cream. Add parsley and 
pimento or sauce if desired. Spread a thick layer of the cheese 



352 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

lig-htly over the bread, and cover with the rest of the bread, but- 
tered side up. Beat the eggs well, mix them with the milk and 
seasonings, and pour them over the bread. Bake in a slow oven 
till a knife thrust in to the custard comes out clean. If the milk 
is warmed and added gradually to the beaten egg, and the baking 
dish in set in a pan of hot water, the custard cooks more quickly 
and is less likely to curdle through becoming overheated. 

Variations. Corn muffins, barley or oatmeal bread may be 
used instead of white bread. This dish may be made into a hearty 
sweet pudding by omitting the onion juice and other seasonings 
and substituting two to three tablespoons of sugar or an equiv- 
alent sugar substitute, and raisins or dates, nutmeg or cinnamon, 
with other spices if desired. 

Suggested supper or luncheon menu. Baked bread and 
cheese, green salad or crisp fresh vegetable, toasted corn muffins, 
fresh or canned fruit. For a heartier meal, add baked or hashed 
brown potatoes. 

COTTAGE CHEESE LOAF (oNe). 

1 cup cooked rice (dry and 1 tablespoon savory fat or drip- 
flaky), pings. 

1 cup cottage cheese. ^4 teaspoon ,soda. 

V2 cup ground peanuts. 1 cup strained tomato. 

1 tablespoon chopped onion. 1 cup l)read crumbs (or more). 

Mix well ami form into a roll. Brush over with melted but- 
ter and bake in a moderate oven 25 minutes or until hot. Serve 
with a medium white sauce to which may be added two table- 
spoons minced pimento. 

fried bread with cottage cheese. 

Spread slices of stale bread thickly with cottage cheese, with 
which pimentos, nut meats, or some marmalade or jelly has been 
blended. Dip in a mixture of egg and milk, and fry quickly in 
butter or other fat. 

Variation. The egg and milk may be omitted, and the sand- 
wich may be fried b'ghtly in a very small amount of bacon fat. 

creamed potatoes with cottage cheese. 

Re-heat cold diced or sliced potatoes in medium white sauce 
with cottage cheese. For the rule see preceding pages. The best 
seasoning for this sauce is slice of onion added to the milk while 
heat-ng and chopped parsley and pimentos ; Vs cup of potatoes and 
y^ cup of the sauce make a generous serving. 

Boiled new potatoes may be served whole with this sauce. 



CONSERVATION POINTERS. 353 

WHEY HONEY. 

1 cup of whey. 

Yi cup of sugar, or ^ cup .of corn syrup. 

Mix whey and sugar and boil the mixture till it is of the 
consistency of strained honey. This syrup will keep indefinitely, 
if properly bottled, and is delicious for spreading on waffles or 
pancakes. Used a little thinner it makes an excellent pudding 
sauce. Since it requires no thickening, it is the easiest possible 
sauce to make. 

COTTAGE CHEESE OMELET. 

2 eggs. 1 tablespoon chopped pimentos. 
"4 teaspoon salt. ? tablespoons milk. 

3 rounded tablespoons cottage -^ teaspoon soda. 

cheese. 

Beat the yolks and whites of the eggs separately. Add to 
the yolks the salt, the milk and the cheese with which has been 
blended the pimento. Finally fold in the stiffly beaten whites; 
pour into frying pan in which has been melted about ^ table- 
spoon fat. Cook the omelet slowly until the q^^ has set, place 
in the oven for a few moments to finish cooking, then fold over 
in the center. Garnish \\\i\\ parsley. Other seasonings may be 
used, such as chopped parsley, green pepper or minced ham. 

Proportions. For each egg, use 1 tablespoon milk, ^ tea- 
spoon salt, plenty of pepper, rounding tablespoon cottage cheese, 
pinch of baking soda, fat to grease pan. 

Method. Mix eggs, seasonings and 1 tablespoon of milk for 
.each eg"g. Scramble eggs as usual in greased pan till entirely 
cooked. Neutralize acxl in cheese with soda, and stir lightly 
into tgg. 

Variations. Parsley and pimento or chives, added to tgg. 

Suggested supper or luncheon menu. Scramble eggs with 
cottage cheese ; baked potatoes ; dandelion or lettuce salad, or 
sliced tomatoes ; barley mufifins ; fruit sauce. 



RELIEF SOCIETY PIN. 

Because of an increase in the price of material, the jewelers 
handling the Relief Society pin report that it will be necessary in 
the future to charge $3.25 for the solid gold pin, and $1.2S for 
the gold filled pin. 



How to Present the Genealogical 
Lesson. 

The Genealogical Committee of the General Board of the 
Relief Society held a public meeting- in the class-room of the 
Utah Genealogical Library, on April 8, 1918. Representatives 
were present from about one-third of the stakes of Zion, although 
many had left for their homes at the close of the general confer- 
ence, Sunday evening. The class was under the charge of the 
chairman of the committee, Mrs. Susa Young Gates, and after 
some brief welcoming greetings she introduced the two speakers, 
who treated the following subjects: "How to Secure the Interest 
and Attendance of Our Genealogical Students," by Mrs. Martha 
Gee Smith, wife of the Patriarch of the Church, Hyrum G. Smith ; 
and "How to Make the Study of Race History Interesting," by 
Mrs. Donnette Smith Kesler, our new General Board member. 

Mrs. Smith's address follows : 

It is with a spirit of humility and dependence upon your faith 
and prayers that I stand before you this afternoon, praying the 
Lord will help me to give some information that will not only be 
interesting, but also beneficial, that you may take home to your 
respective wards and stakes ideas that will help you to .secure the 
interest and increase the attendance at our genealogical classes. 

The interest of the class depends almost entirely upon the 
teacher with the help that she gets through prayer and study. 

No teacher can get the desired results in these lessons unless 
she depends upon our Father in heaven for guidance and assist- 
ance, because the genealogical lessons are spiritual lessons. 

The majority of our genealogical class leaders are not colleg^e 
graduates, neither are they students of advanced history, but 
those who are willing to work, no matter if they have but a lim- 
ited knowledge of history, can acquire the knowledge and skill 
to present these lessons interestingly and instructively. To such 
I hope to give some help and information. 

Let us always remember that all blessings are predicated on 
law and it is only by obedience to law that we obtain a blessing. 
So let us not forget, those of us who are keepers of the Word of 
Wisdom as pertaining to tea and coffee and other things forbid- 
den of the Lord, that he has promised us a blessing. He says, we 
shay "receive wisdom and knowledge, even hidden treasures of 
knowledge," through the keeping of that law. Now, if we have 



HOW TO PRESENT GENEALOGICAL LESSON. 355 

done as we have been commanded of the Lord, we are heirs to 
this blessing and can claim it at his hand. 

The next requirement is that we must prepare these lessons 
as if we were to gain them solely through our own study and 
diligence and earnest seeking. We must seek help from books, 
finding knowledge wherever we can upon that particular lesson, 
always making allowance for the statements of historians who 
had not the Spirit of God to guide them. At the beginning, God 
was not only the Creator of man, but he was also man's teacher 
and friend, and taught Adam to read and write and keep a record ; 
and only through disobedience to his commandments were men 
ever brought down to barbarism and degradation. Therefore, in 
studying the ancients, through any general history, let us make 
allowances for the facts .stated which detract from the sure word 
of God as we have it in the Book of Mormon or Pearl of Great 
Price, or in any of the books given us of the Lord. 

Be converted to the vital necessity of your subject of study. 
For example, I will call your attention to the first set of lessons 
given us in the Home Economics department. Alany of the 
sisters complained at these, saying: "Why should we study food 
or the feeding of babies, or about food values ; we have reared 
our babies and why should we worry about the necessities and 
preparation of food at our age?" Now observe who is talking 
food and its value ; the whole nation. How inspired were our 
leaders ! The Home Economics department of the Relief Society 
gave a two-year course in the study of food and its value — two 
years before the world at large gave it any serious thought. 

In the same way we hear from ward to ward, and in some 
places, from stake to stake, the cry : "Why need we go way back 
to Father Adam and study the history of the ancient world, when 
there seems so much to engage our time and energies in the topics 
of the day?" Perhaps I cannot answer such questions to your 
satisfaction just now, but I bear you my testimony that never in 
the range of my experience have I known the General Board of 
the Relief Society or any other auxiliary organization of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to give a course of 
study which was not inspired of the Lord, through the need of 
the knowledge outlined by the General Board of such organiza- 
tion. At some near future time I am sure we will all know just 
why we are now studying race history. 

We can find hundreds and thousands of women who will 
study about and do those things which pertain only to the tem- 
poral side of life, while by comparison, there are but a few who 
idesire or who do obtain the privilege of going into the House of 
the Lord and doing the work for their kindred dead. 



356 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Now^ in taking" up these lessons there are many class leaders 
who will ask themselves this question : "How can I obtain the 
required knowledge so that I will be able to impart it to others 
intelligently ?" 

First, then, do not be satisfied with just that information 
which you get in the Magazine. The facts found therein are 
simply notes which must be worked out and applied by the class 
leader, herself seeking further knowledge in every history, 
geography and encyclopedia to be found in the neighborhood. 
She should, however, always make allowances for such informa- 
tion as is found that would contradict the sure word of God. 

Second, make a liberal use of maps; in fact, I personally 
would be very reluctant to attempt the teaching of a class of this 
kind without having access to one or more good maps. A black- 
board is also indispensable. If the class leader is well acquainted 
with her lesson before undertaking to give it to others, she may 
be sure of securing their interest; because if anyone has useful 
knowledge or information to impart, or a message to give, he or 
she can be assured that the Lord will assist such a teacher to gain 
the interest of the class and the members will not miss a meeting 
day when it is genealogical class day. 

The assignment method i,s an excellent one to adopt. It has 
been my experience, and I can only speak from experience, that 
a greater number of the class will be interested if I assign each 
of the members in turn some part of the work to perform, than 
when I give it all myself. 

Next we face the question : "How shall I assign the lesson?" 
It is usually less interesting and more difficult to give out the 
questions found at the bottom of the outline than it is to assign 
various members of the class to give a brief talk on a chosen 
topic. For example, the teacher might say to one. "You talk a 
few minutes on Egypt ;" to another, "Tell something of Shem, 
his descendants or his country." Or sj^eak of "Ham and Japheth." 
Some may not like this method, so each class leader should be 
allowed to teach her class in her own individual way. If she gets 
results, that is the one and only criterion. 

Make use of the -telephone by inquiring after those to whom 
you have assigned question topics. Call on them personally, if 
necessary ; but when you go into their homes, don't talk about the 
ordinary things you see of the occupation you find them engaged 
in, but confine your talk to the subject you have assigned them, 
and then take your leave. When you are gone the sister you have 
• visited will thank you for your help, and will not regret the time 
spent with you. 

Endeavor to arouse the sisters to a greater interest in actual 



HOir TO PRESEXT GENEAEOGICAL LESSON. 357 

temple work; for after all that is the main object in all this 
genealogical study and lesson work. You may find some sisters 
who are more interested in temple work than they are in the 
Relief Society or our lessons, vice versa. Persuade them all to 
join the Relief Society; and when you attend your sacrament 
meetings, pick out such indifferent women and encourage them to 
join the work. Proselyte for the great Relief Society. To be 
sure, you may be 'only a genealogical class leader, but you can 
still be of great benefit to the Presidency of the Relief Society in 
this way, and in return you will learn that the officers of your 
Society will be right behind you in all that will benefit the organi- 
zation in any way. 

May the Lord bless us all that we may never cease our efforts 
for good among his people, in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 
Mrs. Donnette Smith Kesler treated the subject of "How to 
Make the Study of Race History Interesting," touching upon the 
following points with illuminating skill and careful precision. 
The diagram which accompanies the lesson was especially sug- 
gestive. 

First, prepare the soil for the seed. 

Before the earth was formed a council was held and the plan 
of salvation was made. 

Time was divided into dispensations as an author divides his 
book into chapters. Each dispensation having its special work, 
and all to be bound into one complete volume — the Dispensation 
of the Fulness of Times. 

The prophecy of the coming of Elijah. His work, part of 
the greatest work which belongs to this the last dispensation. 

The world has been moved upon to search out its genealo- 
gies, but upon the Latter-day Saints rests the great work of being 
saviors on Mt. Zion. They only can enter the house of God to 
bind and to seal or to weld together the links of the many genera- 
tions into one perfect chain. We cannot stand alone; there is a 
line of relationship reaching out from each individual in the world 
to every other individual and all lines must be made perfect before 
the whole is perfect. 

In the accompanying diagram No. 1 represents a family of 
seven, showing their lines of relationship unbroken. 

No. 2, represents the house of Israel as the Latter-day Saints, 
or those doing work for their dead, are striving to have it. One 
complete, unbroken family. 



EDITORIAL 



Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Motto — Charity Never Faileth 
THE GENERAL BOARD 

Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells President 

Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams First Counselor 

Mrs. Julina L. Smith ....Second Counselor 

Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman General Secretary 

Mrs. Susa Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Emma A. Empey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mri. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Rebecca Niebaur Nibley Mrs. Janette A. Hyde 

Mrs. Julia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Sarah Eddington 
Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Miss Edna May Davis Miss Lillian Cameron 

Mrs. Ida S. Dusenberry 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 
Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

Editor SusA Young Gates 

Business Manager Janette A. Hyde 

Assistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Vol. V. JUNE, 1918. No. 6 

OUR TESTIMONY MEETINGS. 

Never, since the awful martyrdom of the 
Sources of Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother, the 

Strength and Patriarch Hyrum Smith, has this people been 

Power. in greater need of spiritual guidance, spiritual 

hope and good cheer than now, today. The 
clouds are very thick over our heads, those clouds of war and 
bloodshed which encircle the earth in their pall. Fear, anx- 
iety, and above all the hysterical excitement begotten of fren- 
zied emotions, press upon our hearts and rob our pillows of 
sleep and our days of comfort. We look upon the morrow as 
the harbinger of sad news, and dread the hopeless hours of the 
lonely night, lest collapse seize upon our spent vital forces. 
Under such conditions we cannot neglect our spiritual oppor- 
tunities without losing our one source of vital refreshment and 
renewal. Our meetings, especially our sacrament and testi- 
money meetings, are our most exhautstless sources of strength 
and power. 

The electric carriages depend upon the en- 
Spiritual ergy stored within their batteries. These 
Generating batteries, because of separation from a con- 
Stations, tinuous supply of electrical fluid, must be 

recharged frequently from some central gen- 
erating station, or they "go dead" when the battery is ex- 
hausted. Just so are we — humanly charged with the divine 
spiritual electrical fluid, yet separated by mortality from the 
central generating station operated by God's angels. We carry 
sufficient with us to supply the ordinary life forces, but v/hen 



EDITORIAL. 359 

fear, disease, or death confronts us, we must get back to the 
Source of spiritual energy for the renewal and revitalizing of 
our faith and hope. God has named and ordained special 
houses and particular forms or symbols by which we can 
obtain this re-charging of spiritual life. Our houses of wor- 
ship, our temples and altars, dedicated especially to this pur- 
pose, are such divine generating stations. 

In this life-renewal we must observe, how- 
Extremes to ever, two distinct dangers: First, our men- 
be Avoided. tal substitution of worldly ideas and ideals 

which we sometimes feed to the seekers for 
strength in these spiritual generating stations in place of the 
pure, exalted principles of revealed truth; second, the extreme 
indulgence, the over-charging of our frail bodies with a spir- 
itual fluid which may wreck our hopes and actually weaken 
our bodies. As an illustration of the first danger: sometimes, 
especially in our Relief Society meetings, the members become 
so enthusiastic over the studies and labors connected with 
home life and war activities that the testimony meetings are 
set aside and there is no time allowed for spiritual up-building. 
On the other hand, it may happen that the members find such 
joy and spiritual exaltation in testimony-bearing that they 
carry this phase of our work to an extreme, even meeting in 
private homes and hunting up dreams and visions, sometimes 
of very doubtful origin, with which to feed the mounting 
mental excitement. Neither of these practices is wise or de- 
sirable. Extremes are ever to be avoided. The Lord, through 
his servants, has ordained certain seasons for testimony meet- 
ings : the general one held by all the people on the first Sunday 
in each month ; and for Relief Society workers, the first Tues- 
day in each month. On general principles, these two meetings 
furnish sufficient occasion for testimony-bearing by our Relief 
Society members. It is not proper to seek too frequent oppor- 
tunities for testimony-bearing. And far more to be pitied, if 
not condemned, is the woman who neglects the regular and 
ordained occasions to build up and renew her spiritual strength 
while listening sympathetically and prayerfully to others' tes- 
timony and occasionally bearing her own. 

A Relief Society ward or stake officer who 
Dangers would, or who does stay away from the testi- 

from Neglect. mony meetings prescribed on our programs 

for any purpose whatsoever, is taking upon 
herself a fearful responsibility. The harm a leading officer 
may do by setting aside testimony meetings and thus allowing 
her organization to get a hardening of their spiritual arteries 
is beyond her power to even guess. Officers, see that this is 
not done. 



360 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



In our testimony meetings let us get and 
Rational keep the calm, sweet spirit of hope, faith and 

Testimony. peace. There is no excitement nor frenzy in 

the manifestations of the Spirit of the Lora. 
Tears may spring, hearts may melt, but there will be no 
shadow of what we call hysteria in voice or look upon the 
countenance of one who is moved upon by the Holy Spirit. 
Let no one be unwise enough to exercise the gifts — of tongues 
or prophecy — without the consent of him or her who presides 
over the meeting. Seek not after unauthorized dreams and 
fables to quote, for the scriptures are full of true and reliable 
prophecy and vision. Quote therefore from the scriptures — 
and study them diligently and constantly. Relate your own 
frequent and illuminating experiences. Cheer the downcast, 
bless and praise the Lord, instil faith in the hearts of the young 
and inexperienced, and seek, in your testimony meetings, to 
glorify God and to speak well of Zion. Ofifer up fervent prayers 
for the mouthpiece of the Lord to this generation, and center 
your faith on the triumph of right in this terrible conflict. 
Thus and only thus can Relief Society women get and keep 
the divine fluid which will renew their war-weary spirits and 
revivify their exhausted and toil-worn bodies. 





APOSTLE RICHARD R. LYMAN AND FAMILY. 

Members of our Board are particularly interested in the ap- 
pointment to the Apostleship of Elder Lyman, as his wife, Mrs. 
Amy Brown Lyman, is our efficient and lovely General Secretary. 
She is a great tower of strength to the work of this growing or- 
ganization. Elder Lyman has had the advantage of noble par- 
entage and of wise upbringing. His abounding energy and well- 
trained mental faculties, together with his many natural gifts 
should constitute him a tower of strength to the leading quorum 
of the Church. He will have the. support and prayers of the peo- 
ple, and this Board joins in congratulations to himself and his 
charming companion. 



Little Silver Mother. 




To Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells on her 89th Birthday. 

Music by Evan Stephens. 

A A 



Words by Kate Thomas. 

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poco rit. 



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1. Lit-tle sil-ver mother.don't you hear the call o' spring, 

2. Lit-tle sil-ver mother, don't you hear the blackbird sing? It 

3. Lit-tle sil-ver mother, with your heart so full of spring, 'Tis 



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a tempo. 



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Coaxing you and teasing you to come out in the sun. That's 
says, come out, come out, come out and play at tag with me. The 
God that gave the wond'rous sun that made your garden grow,Life's 



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362 



LITTLE SILVER MOTHER. 




splashing down its col - or on the budding crocus bed, And 
wide grain fields are greening, and the la-dy slippers red; And I 
tempests could not draw the sweet for-get-me-nots outspread, Be- 




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gilding now the glad hearts of the daisies one by one? 

saw a bluebird flashing in the old, bare ma - pie tree. 

cause his warmth gold tipp'd them, with a never fad - ing glow. 

poco rit. pp 

t- -•• ^^> .^ifc ^jTjb« J 







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MY GUIDING STAR. 

B\ Lucy Bitrnham. 

"And a little child shall lead them." 

Dear little arms so soft and white. 
That twine around my neck at night, 
Through you I catch a glimmer far 
Of heaven, dear hands, my Guiding Star. 

Dear little hands, with the clinging touch, 
Surely heaven has many such ; 
How few would find the narrow way. 
But for little hands that guide each day. 

Dear little hands, when tempted sore. 
Do you understand and cling the more ? 
You make me strong. I turn aside 
From weakness when you are my guide. 

Dear little hands that twine and cling, 
You keep my heart attuned to sing 
Praises to God for blessings given, 
Dear little hands, my guide to heaven. 



sss S 

I Ji 7/fessa£^e to the 2/ouny | 

I Toother:) of^tah and \ 

I the Tl/est I 

= As a means of safe-guarding and fostering the growth of our g 

^ children, the | 

I Oxtension VJiViSion | 

1 of the I 

I ^niversitj/ of 7/ta/i | 

s is offering a special course in s 

I (^^/^ Tl/elfare 7l/orA \ 

M This course may be taken by the mother or prospectant mother = 

j right in her own home and without interfering with her g 

M daily duties. M 

% The lectures, pamphlets, etc., have been prepared by some of = 

2 Utah's eminent baby specialists. M 

§ The mother, in registering for the course, registers also the age M 

s of her baby and all literature is sent her at frequent inter- J 

M vals corresponding exactly with the child's development. s 

I THE FEE FOR THIS COURSE IS ONLY $1. | 

M All registrations for Child Welfare Work should be sent to the M 

I EXTENSION DIVISION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, | 

I Salt Lake City. g 

M A. C. Carrington, Acting Director M 

= 5 

i 



NOT A GIFT 



Our boys at the front gladly give, and give, and give 
to their country, in service and sacrifice, their time, op- 
portunities, blood and tears, their lives, if necessary. 

We are asked only to loan our money, and at a good 
interest rate. 

Without our loans, the free gifts of our boys will be 
useless. We must back them up, with clothing, munitions, 
ships and food. 

150,000,000 pounds of sugar was our food contribu- 
tion to the war in 1917. With your help we shall increase 
that, this year. We have met every call, subscribed to 
every loan. 

NOW, with all true Americans, we say, "OVER THE 
TOP" for the War Savings Stamps. 

Do your full share ; buy these Stamps today. 

Any bank or post office will help you. 




Utah-Idaho Sugar Co. 



Ill 



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Be Patriotic 



Music Through ei 




I Save wheat, sugar and | 

I fats. Good, pure bread | 

I can be made of wheat i 

I flour and other cereals | 

I by using I 

j Fleischmann's | 
Yeast 

rilllNIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIJIIIUIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIll 



GROCERIES 
FOR LESS 

Shipping Orders a Spe- 
cialty. 

Boarding House, Hotel, 
Ranch and Family Trade 
especially solicited. 

Write for our price list. 

We help pay freight. 

CONSUMERS 

WHOLESALE 

GROCERY COMPANY 

Ogden, Utah 




The New 



EDISON 

Diamond-disc 

PHONOGRAPH 

IT RE-CREATES 
MUSIC 

Call or write for FREE 
beautifully illustrated EDISON 
Catalogs, with prices, and full 
details of our easy payment 
plan. No obligation to you. 

Daynes-Beebe A/^ueic Co 

61-3-5 Main Street, Salt Lake 



Established 1860 Incorporated 1908 

S.M.TAYLOR & Co. 

Undertakers and Embalmers 
Successors to Joseph E. Taylor 

The Pioneer Undertaker of the West 
Fifty-three years in one location — 

251-257 East First South Street 

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 

Efficient Service, Modem Methods 

Complete Equipment 



THE I 

UTAH STATE, 
NATIONAL 
. BANK 

jSAir LAKE CITY 
I IjTAH 



T^he Utah State Nation- 
al Bank features quick 
and efficient Service. 
One feature is the Unit 
System which greatly 
simplifies transactions. 



j^/r Joseph F. Smith, President 

UfflCerM: Hebcr J. Grant, Vice-President 

Rodney T. Badjier, Vice-Prest. 
Henry T. McEwan, Cashhier 
G«orffe H. Butler, Atit. Cashier 



ASK YOUR DEALER 

FOR 

Z. C. M. I. 

Western 
Scout Shoes 

The Ideal out-door 
SHOE for Men 
Youths and Boys. 
Cheap, but service- 
able. 



Ask for Z.C M.I. 

"Everwear" 

or 

"The Leader" 



Book of Mormon Stories 

The Cities of the Sun 

By 
Elizabeth Cannon Porter 

Seven fascinating stories 
Handsomely illustrated 

Price 40 cents, postpaid 

DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE 



Overalls 

They don't rip 




When WE make your Portraits, 
YOU get the correct style, ex- 
cellence and satisfaction 



The Thomas 
Studio 

Phone Was. 3491 44 Main St. 



Let Eardly Bros. Do It. ^i3=A^p^,r«rif 



Machines 
AH Kinds 

We manufacfture fixtures, do construction work and carry a complete L'ne oi 
everything for Electricity. Send for our catalog. 

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 



The QUALTROUGH-ALLCOTT CO. 

UNDERTAKERS 

Residence Parlors 544 SOUTH MAIN STREET 

PHONE WAS. 3358 SALT LAKE CITY 



A New Book on Gospel Doctrine 



"THE WAY OF ETERNAL LIFE 



M 



Written for Young People by 

BISHOP EDWIN F. PARRY 

Price, post paid 75c 

Send Orders to E. F. PARRY, JR. 

217 Templeton Building Salt Lake City, Utah 



STOMACH TROUBLES A SPECIALTY 

Free Consultation And Examination 

GREENHALGH REMEDY CO., Inc. 



Office Phone Was. 5394 

2S EAST FOURTH SOUTH 



Residence Phone Hyl. 950J 
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 



Wedding Invitations Pembroke Company 

in* ^^' Home of Fine Stationery 

Send for Samples and rnces and Engraving 

Kindly mention this magazine -vchen ordering 22-24 E. Broadway, Salt Lake City 




For Distinctive Work 

PHONE HY. 57 
MAIL ORDERS SOLICITED 

903 Jefierson Street 

Salt Lake City 






THE BRUNSWICK-BALKE-COLLENDER CO. 

Carom and Pocket-billiard Tables for the home. Beantifolly illustrated 
"Home Magnet" catalog furnished on request. 

03-o9 West South Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah 



Spend a Profitable Vacation at the 

Utah Agricultural College 

Summer School 

First Term. Jnne 10-July 19 

Second Term, July 22-AugTist 30. 1918 

Students may enter for six or ttv^elve weeks 

Logan has an ideal climate for study and recreation. 

Exceptional opportunities are oflFered to students in: 

HOME ECONOMICS, which is under the direction this year of Professor 
Alice Ravenhill, an international authority on Nutrition and Child Study. 

Miss Ravenhill delivers a course of lectures on Physical Development in 
Childhood, and supervises the new Practice House which will be open to ad- 
vanced students. 

TRAINING COLTISES IN MUSIC for supervisors and teachers of music. 

COURSES IN ART designed to prepare teachers to interpret successfully 
the new State adoptions in Art textbooks. 

SPECIAL WORK IN POLXTRY MANAGEMENT to help to meet the 
Nation's call for increased poultry production. 

OTHER COURSES OF INSTRUCTION: Accounting, Ag Au'tnre, Bo- 
tany. Chemistry, Economics, Sociology, Education, Psychology, 
ing, English, Geology, His»orr, Library Science, Mathematirs 
Physical EducaHon, Woodwork, Zoology. 

Lrriares by prominent eastern educator" 

Write for further information to: 

Director of Surcmer School, 

Utah Agricultural College, Lopj 



,3pa 




JC35 



REIIEF50GIE1Y5 



I 









JULY, 1918. 



Read about the 

r Relief Society Work in the 
Outposts 

A Judean Romance 

More Honor-crowned Moth- 
ers of Men 

What We are Doing for 
Patriotism 



Organ of the Relief Society of the Church of 

Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saicts. 

No. 29 Bishop's Bldg., Salt Lake Gty, Utah 

$1.00 a Year — Single Copy lOc 



Vol. V. 



No. 7. 








L. D. S. GARMENTS 

LOOK FOR THIS LABEL IN THE NECK OF GARMENTS 



The Sign of 
Comfort 









The Sign of 
Quality 



If your leading dealer does not have the garments you desire, 
select your wants from this list and send order direct to us. We 
will prepay all postage to any part of the United States. Samples 
submitted upon request. 

style Style 

15 Bleached spring needle gauze 1.50 6S Mercerlzed.llght wt., bleached 3.50 

X. ^ ^ mm 75 Cotton, medium wt.,bleached92.25 

10 Cotton, light wt., unbleached 1..5 gr, Cotton, heavy wt., unbleached 2.50 

3 Cotton, gauze wt., bleached.. 1.86 100 Cotton, heavy wt., bleached.. 2.75 

25 Cotton, light wt., bleached 2.00 10? Merino wool, medium wt. 3.00 

' ^ ,\.i T., V. J o«^ 109 Merino wool, heavy weight.. 3.50 

50 Lisle, gauze weight, bleached 3.00 jjO Imported wool, medium wt... 4.50 

The only approved Garments made with wide flaps at back, 
button holes for better fastening down front, and set in shoulder 
pieces to prevent sleeves stretching. 

SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE 

70 MAIN STREET, SALT LAKE CITY 



BUY 

U. S. WAR 

SAVINGS 
STAMPS 

AT ANY BAIVK OR POST OPPiGB 



Mr. George K. Uno 

One of the foremost Floral Artists — You Know — is with us to take 
the best care of your floral orders for all occasions. We send 
floral tokens anywhere in the United States on short notice. 

FLORAL DEPARTMENT 

BAILEY & SONS CO. 

61-63 EAST SECOND SOUTH, SALT LAKE CITY 
Salt Lake's "Flower Phone," Wasatch 3904 



The Relief Society Magazine 

Owned and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

JULY, 1918. 

Sentiments Emma Schrimshaw 363 

Relief Society Mission Pres-.dents Frontispiece 

Relief Society Work in the Missions. . . . Susa Young Gates 361 

Jared of Nain L. Lula Greene Richards 389 

Unusual Mothers 400 

'' July Entertainments Morag 4€3 

Home Economics Department Janette A. Hyde 405 

Patriotic Department Clarissa S. Williams 40^ 

Red Cross Workers Louisa M. Johnson 410 

Notes from the Fiekl '. Amy Brown Lyman 411 

Current Topics James H. Anderson 417 

Editorial : In the W.orkl— Not of the World 420 



ADVERTISERS* DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise with us. 
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 
AMUNDSON STUDIO, Salt Lake City. 
BAILY & SONS FLORAL DEPT., Salt Lake City. 
BILLINGS MERCANTILE CO, Salt Lake City. 
DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books, and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple St., Salt Lake City. 
EARDLEY BROTHERS CO., Everything for Electricity, Salt Lake City. 
FLEISHMAN YEAST CO., Salt Lake City. 
GREENHALGH REMEDY CO. Salt Lake City. 

KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets, Salt Lake City. 
MERCHANTS' BANK, Third South and Main Streets, Salt Lake City. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 

SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. & CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
UTAH-IDAHO SUGAR CO., Salt Lake City. 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK, Salt Lake City. 
Z. C. M. I., Salt Lak^ City. 



PEAR BRKAD OR FRUIT BREAD 

Pears (dry and sliced) 16 oz., raisins 
5 oz, currants 5 oz., walnuts (chopped) 
5 oz., sugar 4 oz., cinnamon 2 teaspoons, 
cloves i teaspoon, anise 1 teaspoon, 
brandy or cider 4 oz. Mix well and 
leave stand over night in a stone or 
-•lass jar. In the morning make sponge: 
1 qt. water, li lbs. flour, 3 cakes Fleisch- 
mann's Yeast, 1 tablespoon sugar. 

When light (about li hours) mix the 

'•■uit in the sponge, add about li lbs. 

flour, make a medium stiff dough, let 

'se until about double size, make into 

loaves, let rise to double size and bake. 

If served with cheese is delicious. 
This bread will keep for weeks, and 
improves with age. The fruit may be 
prepared days or even weeks ahead of 
baking. It will improve in flavor. 

THE FLEISCHMANN CO. 




Encourage your Daughters 
to read 

Parent and Child, Vol.3 

Price 50c 

It will help them in the training of 
their children 

SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION 
BOOK STORE 

The Bonk Store of Salt Lake City 
44 East on South Temple Street 



Saving tor 
the Trousseau 

Every young girl looks for- 
ward to buying her trousseau. 
But it takes money to get the 
one of her dreams. 

Why not start now to save 
for it? Regular deposits, even 
though they be small, soon be- 
come a sizable sum when draw- 
ing 4 per cent interest. 

When the great day arrives, 
there's the money waiting for 
you. And you started with 
only one dollar. 

"The Bank with a Personality" 

Mircbant's Bank 

Capital, $250,000 
Member of Salt Lake Clearing House 

John Pingree, President; O. P. 
Soule, V.P.; Moroni Heiner, V.P.; 
RadcHffe Q. Cannon, L. T. Haye», 
Assistant Cashiers 



Corner Main and Third South, 
Salt Lake City, Utah 



SALT LAKE'S 
LADY FLORIST 

Mrs. Emma J. Sanders 

278 South Main Street 
Schramm-Johnson No. 5 

Phone Wasatch 2815 



Salt Lake City, 



Utah 



=^ 



JiiiiiiiiiiiiiNiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimimimiiiiiiiillt 



L. D. S. Garments 

1918-Sprlng and Summer Price Ll$t-1918 

Tliis list cancels all previous quotations 
lib Light wt., unbleached cotton . .$1.20 
12b Light weight, bleached cotton 1.25 
13b Medium wt., unbleached cotton 1.60 
14b Medium weight, bleached cotton 1.50 
]r)b Heavy wt., unbleached cotton. 2.00 
16b Heavy weight, bleached cotton. 2.00 
18b Lisle, mercerized, medium wt. . 2.65 
19b Medium weight, part wool.... 2.50 
20b 40% wool, medium weight.... 3.20 

21b Plain spun worsted 3.75 

22b All wool, heavy weight 6.25 

Postage extra. Av'ge shipping wt, 20 oz. 

Garments marked for 20c per pair 

We will make Garments with double 

back for 25c extra. 

Sizes: Breast, 34-44; length, 54-64. 
Larger sizes, 25c extra. 

BILLINGS MERCANTILE ASSN. 
417 N. 10th West, Salt Lake City, Utah 



nniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 



Sentiments. 

I thought you sisters in the West perhaps would like to hear 

About the fine Relief Society that is established here. 

Our city, named Detroit, has many sisters striving, 

Who toil with might and main to make the work more thriving. 

Two lady missionaries us instruct, in ways and modes of living, 
Theology and Genealogy before our minds are bringing. 
From far and near the sisters come, some tiny babies bringing; 
With zeal we aim to make this year the best with all attending. 

We think and plan in various ways to help the work along, 

We sew, knit, crochet, hold bazaars to make the treasury strong, 

And, (when our country called our boys to France to fight for 

freedom), 
Helmets, sweaters, caps and socks — we felt quite sure they'd need 

them. 

All kinds of food we do conserve, such tasks we'd never shirk, 
We rally to our Country's needs, so we took up Red Cross work. 
With courage bold we'll face our tasks ; Truth's banner we wil' 

wield, 
To those around us lend a hand, while in the mission field. 

Written by Emm.\ Schrimsiiaw. 
Detroit, Mich. 




Prej'iden'tj* orM-aiion-alVbrnens RelieF Jbciety 

.nthe.Kis-yioTis- oF the United ^t-ater 'a'nd Mexico. 1>^i>ff 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. JULY, 1918. No. 7. 



Relief Society Work in the Missions 

Sitsa Yoitiii^ Gates. 

It has proven an impossible task to secnrc definite historical 
■data concerning- the organization of Relief Society work in the 
various missions of this Church. Such records as may have been 
kept of work done have been lost both to the; various mission 
headquarters, and certainlv nothing- exists in the General Secre- 
tary's office of this Society prior to 1913. There may be such 
reports hidden away in the inaccessible columns of the old 
Woman's Exponent, but this office is without even this source of 
prolific information. As a matter of fact, during the early years 
of the last century and the first decade of this century, mission 
presidents themselves were transitory and were changed more or 
less frequently. Wives or other women relatives sometimes ac- 
companied their husbands or brothers. 

It is undoubtedly true that branch Relief Societies existed in 
many missions. Years ago they sometimes took up the study ot 
the Y. L. M. I. A. guide lessons, or the meetings were conducted 
partly as a social organization with a view to making friends and 
proselyting- in whatever mission they might be organized. The 
Utah elders usually had charge of these branch organizations, 
although at times there were also local presidents of the Relief 
Societies appointed by the elders. Since the advent of Mrs. Amy 
Brown Lyman into the Secretaryship we have very clear and 
definite reports from these and all other missions ; and since that 
time it may also be stated that the miss-on presidents everywhere 
in the United States have had permanent settlement; their 
wives, as a rule, have been appointed by the General Board as 
presidents of the mission Relief Societies in each diocese, and the 
s])len(lid results which have followed this organized effort proves 
the need therefor in the years that have passed when such unified 
effort was not forthcoming. 



366 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

European Relief Society Work. 

The first Relief Society work done away from the body of 
the Church probably was done in Great Britain, but we have no 
record concerning: it. A Relief Society branch at White Chapel 
in the London conference was organized March 4, 1874. Meet- 
ings were held in London, Liverpool and other large English cen- 
ters. When Dr. Roomania B. Penrose accompanied her husband, 
President Charles W. Penrose, to Great Britain, in 1907-1911, she 
undertook a very extensive movement in the British Isles in Relief 
Society work. She traveled a great deal, organized branches, vis- 
ited them frequently to cheer and encourage the workers, and ac- 
complished a very remarkable work which has been of lasting ben- 
efit for the women of the old country. There were only three 
branches — Leicester, Norwich and Liverpool — when she went 
there, but she organized 35 or 36 branches the first year in Eng- 
land and Ireland, and before she left had organized 49 or 50. Her 
talks were mainly to mothers about how to train girls and teach 
them hygienic principles and truths. 

Mrs. Ida B. Smith, who accompanied her husband, Pres- 
ident Hyrum M. Smith, when he was sent to preside over the 
European mission, was' made mission president of the Relief 
Society in 1914, and she found the splendid work done by Eh*. 
Penrose had fallen ofif materially for lack of a directing head; 
but with her customary diligence and zeal she at once set about 
rejuvenating the old branches and organized a good many more. 
Under her the first year there were reported 42 organizations in 
Great Britain, with 507 members an.d an average attendance of 
82 per cent ; over 1,000 visits were made to the sick, and $450 was 
(donated to the poor in that year. In 1915 all of the various 
European Relief Society branches in the diflferent countries were 
grouped under her charge. There were reported that year in the 
European Mission, 99 branches of the Relief Society, with 21,046 
officers and members. The Netherlands Mission had nine 
branches, the Scandinavian 18, the Swedish 12, and the Swiss and 
German 12. The Netherlands Mission held meeting with a mem- 
bership of 172; the Scandinavian membership was 460, the 
Swedish 256, and the Swiss and German 527. When the war 
broke out Mrs. Smith rose nobly to the occasion and the record 
of her work, especially in England, was given in these pages on 
her return from that country. There was distributed under her 
charge, several thousand dollars contributed by the Salt Lake 
Temple sisters for the relief of the war sufiferers ; while the list of 
war activities carried on under her direction was enormous. The 
Relief Society of Great Britain still carries forward its charitable 
work, although no one as yet has been appointed to take imme- 
diate charge of the European Relief Society work under President 
George F. Richards who succeeded President Hyrum M. Smith. 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



367 



The reports of the work, however, are most encouraging, consid- 
ering the circumstances. Of course, nothing can be heard of the 
work in the German ReHef Societies, although we may well be- 
lieve thev are not idle nor disbanded. 




BROOKLYN CONFERENCE RELIEF SOCIETY 
Eastern States Mission. 



Eastern States Mission. 

For many years Relief Society work has been carried on in 
New York City, but we have no record of the same. In 1915 
Miss Margaret Edward, one of our missionary girls, was ap- 
pointed to take charge of the Relief Society work there. Under 
the direction of Presr'dent Monson five branches of the Society 
were organized with 75 officers and members, with that faithful 
local Relief Society president, Mrs. Bertha Eccles Wright, setting 
the pace in New York City. In 1917 ten branches had been or- 
ganized and they disbursed $1,147. Red Cross activities and 
conservation were the occupation of the hour the past year. Vari- 
ous branches put up 2,100 quarts of fruit ; made 27 quilts, 87 pil- 
lows ; and 15 members of the Society are Red Cross members. 
During the last year Miss Elizabeth Thomas was appointed to 
take charge of the work. Her recent report follows : 

"The Relief Society of Brooklyn Conference meets every 



368 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



Thursday afternoon at the Mission Home, 165 Gates avenue. All 
are grateful that such a beautiful, comfortable home is at the 
disposal of the sisters. The meetings are fairly well attended 
and the lessons are being conducted in a most profitable manner. 
Just before the Christmas holidays a very successful bazaar was 
held by the Relief Society of this conference, which was a .success 
ho\h. financially and socially. The sisters are to be commended 
for the splendid way in which they supported this undertaking, 




RELIEF SOCIETY AT LYNN, MA.S.S., EASTERN STATES MISSION. 



also the loyalty shown by the Saints and friends deserves approval 
of all who are interested in the growth of this great work. The 
net receipts from the bazaar amounted to $127.51, which we con- 
sider most remarkahle for the first attempt. Reports from the 
ten organizations of the mission show that the sisters are very 
much interested in the work and that the Relief Society is fast 
becoming a factor for good in the homes as well as in the com- 
munities. In many cases the sisters from the West who are in 
these Eastern cities, serve as a means of support to the organiza- 
tions. We are also pleased to note that our sisters are interesting 
neighbors and friends who are becoming ardent investigators. 
Our members in the missions are ever anxious to give unto others 
the precious truths which they have received. 

"The seventy-sixth anniversary of the organization of the 
Relief Society was very fittingly observed by the societies of the 
Eastern States ■Mission. The reports which have come in show 
a very marked improvement among the members in enthusiasm 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



369 



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RELIEF SOCIETY, PHILADELPHIA, EASTERN STATES MISSION. 

toward the work and a knowledge of the workings and purpose 
of this great woman's organization. The conference and branch 
presidents very wilHngly turned over the regular sacrament meet- 
ing time to the .sisters and very interesting and instructive pro- 
grams were rendered. In the Brooklyn conference two meetings 
were held, one at Brooklyn and the other at New York. At 
Brooklyn the services were presided over by Second Counselor 




PITTSBURG RELIEF SOCIETY, WITH ELDER THOMAS LOW 

Eastern States Mission 



370 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



Mary G. Byard with Sister Elva Chipman conducting the exer- 
cises. 'The Organization and History of the ReUef Society,' was 
given by President G. D. Macdonald ; 'Purpose and Growth,' by 
President Ezra C. Knowlton ; 'A Report of the Rehef Societies of 
the Eastern States Mission,' by Sister EHzabeth Thomas. Mu- 
sical numbers were given by Sisters Elva Chipman and Venna 
Monson, Elders Ray Lyman and Del Mar Egbert. A very appro- 
priate reading was given by Sister Grace Johnson. President 
Bertha Eccles Wright presided over the meeting at New York, 
giving 'The Organization and History of the Relief Society ;' 
Sister Marie Sheranian, 'The Activities and Growth.' President 
Walter P. ]\Ionson, in a few remarks, paid high tribute to the 
noble women who have worked so untiringly for the development 
of the women of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
Sisters Emma Lucy Gates. Ellen Thomas, Lilly Shipp, Mae An- 
derson and Mabel Borg Jenkins delighted the audience with 
vocal, violin and piano solos." 

Northern States Mission. 

The Northern States has a peerless organization, complete to 
the last detail. Its unsurpassed activities are equaled only by the 
perfect record kept of them. This mission had no regular Relief 
Society organization, so far as is known, until the Presidency of 
A.sael H. Woodruff in 1902-04. President Woodruff organized a 
local branch in Chicago with Sister Dennison as President and 
Sisters Hacks and Warder as Counselors. The work, however, 




EVANSVILLE, IND., RELIEF SOCIETY RED CROSS .\UXILI.\RY 
Northen States Mission 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



371 



was not taken up to any extent until the Presidency of German 
E. Ellsworth, whose wife, Mary Smith Ellsworth, a natural leader 
and organizer, set in operation a series of remarkable activities 
and Relief Society developments. The report follows : 

"In August, 1904, v\?-hen President Ellsworth took charge of 
the Northern States Mission, there were three Relief Societies, 
located at Chicago, Milwaukee and Rock Island, and two lady 
missionaries — Sisters Hedwig Staufifer and Lydia Sieffner. Dur- 
ing the following ten years, sixty-eight lady missionaries labored 
in the Northern States Mission, and Societies were organized at 
Flint, Michigan ; Winnipeg, Canada, and Decatur, Illinois, with 
Mothers' classes in thirteen other places where there were a suf- 
ficient number of members or investigators to justify the organi- 
zation. Outlines of various stakes in Zion were subsequently 
adapted by Sister Mary Smith Ellsworth to the mission needs. 



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COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA, RELIEF SOCIETY. 
Northern States Mission. 

In 1914, when The Relief Society Bulletin was published, this 
mission at once took up the lessons as therein outlined, modifying 
them to suit the needs of converts and investigators. The mission 
outlines were also continued as these dealt more especially with the 
restoration of the gospel. 

In 1915 the following Mothers' classes were organized into 
Relief Societies : Roseland, and University, Chicago ; Blooming- 
ton, Peoria, and Springfield, Illinois ; Minneapolis, and St. Paul, 
Minnesota ; Grand Rapids, Flint, and Detroit, Michigan ; Council 
Blufifs, Iowa ; Evansville, Indianapolis, Mimcie, and Bicknell, In- 



372 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



(liana ; and W^innipes^', Canada, with a total enrollment of 276 and 
an average attendance of 175. Several of the Societies held work 
meetings in the afternoon at the home of the President, and class 
meetings in the evening at the home of a friend or investigator. 
In Winnipeg, Canada, the sisters met twice a week, where they 
did Red Cross work, the material being sni^plied by the (lovern- 
ment ; they also met once a week where they followed the class 
outline. One hundred and six genealogical and one hundred and 
four family records were prepared, and one hundred sixty-one 
subscriptions to the Magazine were secured. In visiting tiie 
homes of Relief Society sisters we found many magazines and 
tracts which had been given by the missionaries ; 2,706 tracts were 
thus distributed ; 4,188 gospel conversations were held; 511 names 
for baptism and 36 for endowments were sent to the St. George 
Temple, with a donation of $53 ; also $168 was collected for the 
Wheat Fund; $713.68 was distributed for charity, $318.36 for 
general purposes and $32.36 for other purposes ; on hand in all 
funds at the close of the year, $266.61. 

1916. "Feeling- that there were many things the sisters at 
home could do that were not practicable for the mission, a list 
of activities was furnished each organization that would be bene- 
fiicial for education and development of new converts. A Library 




UNIVERSITY BRANCH, CHICAGO, ILL. 
Northern States Mission. 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IX MISSIONS. 2>72> 

F-nd was inaugurated and each Society purchased 1,200 of Presi- 
dent Penrose's tracts, "Rays of Living- Light," at a cost of $L20. 
At the work meetings a few tracts and magazines were given to 
each sister for her distribution during the coming month. The 
President was furnished with a small book with all the activities 
outlined, and the Treasurer received a book outlining "Charity," 
"Wheat," "Temple," and "Library" funds : each Secretary with a 
book outlining "Number of Names to the Temple," "Genealogical 
Records Established," "Family Records Established," "^Magazines 
Distributed," "Gospel Conversations," "Msits to the Sick," and 
"Hours Spent in Charity." In addition each sister provided her- 
self with a book in which she kept accurate account of the work 
she did, and at the work meeting, as the roll was called, these 
activities were reported and the splendid results that followed 
were gratifying indeed. At the close of the year we had sent in 
to the Temple, 2,369 names for baptism, with 200 for endowments 
and sealings,and had almost as many subscriptions to the Magazine 
and the other activities as in the previous year. We did not add to 
our \\'heat Fund, feeling that we desired to emphasize our temple 
work. 

1917. "During this year, with our enrollment of 405, we sent 
3,312 names to the Temple for baptism, 363 for endowment and 
400 for sealings. Many of these names were sent in by sisters 
not enrolled in the Societies, which necessitated a great deal of 
personal correspondence. The Wheat Fund was increased to 
$598.44 ; $68 was received for Temple donations and expense of 
mailing sheets to and from the Temple: 67,120 tracts were dis- 
tributed, most of these being the new "Truth" tract, edited by 
the Northern States ^Mission and published at Independence, Mo. 
The money to carry on Relief Society work has been obtained 
through socials, bazaars and voluntary contributions. Genealog- 
ical classes have been conducted outside of our Relief Societies, 
by the missionaries and the brethren in most of the branches of 
the mission. Twenty-five groups of women were organized and 
are actively working, either in their own auxiliaries, or through 
their local Red Cross units. During the past three years we have 
followed the mission outline called "Memory Lessons" for the 
last meeting in the month. These lessons were established with 
a view of cultivating in the sisters a better method of explaining 
gospel principles. With the present force, we have had about 
175 lady missionaries, and much credit is due them for their 
untiring efforts and lo_val support of the cause." 

Southern States Mission. 

This mission, like the others, may have done much early 
work under the usual conditions, but we have verv little record 



374 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



of the same. In 1915, Sister Grace Callis was made President of 
the work in that diocese, and by the end of the year of 1916, 
14 organizations with a membership of 202 were reported; 115 
days were reported spent with the sick, with 490 special visits to 
the sick ; $335 was expended by the Societies. 




MISSION HOME, CHATTANOOGA, TENN. 
President Joseph F. Smith and Party — Nov. 24, 1914 

1917. "Twenty-seven branches of the ReHef Society are now 
in active operation. A number of them are situated in the country 
districts and as the farm homes are separated by quite long dis- 
tances the sisters have to travel a long way to the meetitigs and 
.therefore they cannot hold them as often as they desire ; for this 
reason some of the Societies bold their meetings Sunday after- 
noon. Some of the Societies have been organized only a few 
months. The sisters are enthusiastic in their work and through 
their faithful labors many of the meeting- houses have been sup- 
plied with individual sacrament sets and carpets. The sisters have 
rendered financial assistance to the missionaries in addition to 
caring for them in their homes and doing their laundry work. 
They are being counseled to assist in the Red Cross work." 

This mission has a fine Indian Relief Society organized, and 
these good souls are very faithful in visiting the sick and caring 
for the poor of their branch. 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 375 

"In a goodlv number of the cities and villages, in this the 
oldest mission of ^the United States, Relief Societies are organized. 
The commencement, in this mission was marked by the organiza- 
tion of a society in Jacksonville, Florida, when President Ben. E. 
Rich presided over the mission, and the work has been carried 
forward into numerous branches. In an increasing variety of 
ways the activities of the members of the Relief Societies are 
given expression. Following are some of the results of the 
fabors of our zealous and enthusiastic sisters : 




GAFFNEY, SOUTH CAROLINA, MEETINGHOUSE 
Southern States Mission 

"Many of the branches have been provided with individual 
sacrament sets, and this good work is being continued. As meet- 
inghouses are completed the Relief Societies assist in furnishing 
them with seats, carpets, lamps, etc. The sisters are nursing the 
sick, and aiding to supply the needy poor with food and clothing. 
They are rendering -financial assistance to missionaries in cases 
of serious illness ; and are furnishing lunches free of charge to 
the visiting brethren and sisters and the traveling elders at the 
conferences. Public and home Red Cross service is ardently 
done by the members of the Relief Society. Generous donations 
of money have recently been ma'de to the Red Cross. In a village 
branch where there is no church the Relief Society meetings are 
held in private homes ; sometimes in the homes of non-members. 



376 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



This is one of the ways opened up to our sisters to preach the 
■gospel. The missionary sisters are efficient aids in directing the 
work of the local sisters and they are worthy of and receive much 
praise for their 'devotion to this branch of their missionary .service. 
The seventy-sixth anniversary was enthusiastically celebrated." 

Central States Mission. 

The Central States Mission, under the able leadership of Mrs. 
Lottie T. Bennion, has made wonderful progress in the last two 
years. While there were only seven branches and 246 officers and 
members, there were 231 meetings held during 1915, which shows 
the interest taken l)y the good sisters of this mission in Relief 
Society work; 1,500 visits were paid to the sick, and 16 bodies 
were perpared for burial. In 1916 there were 11 branches and 
very vig^orous labor for the dead was undertaken during this year. 
Lists for baptism for their friends were sent in by 17 people and a 
liberal donation for the temples was contributed. In 1917 a most 
active work has been carried forward in Red Cross activities ; 
hundreds of articles have been prepared, and 132 members have 
joined the Red Cross. The Magazine has been very liberally sup- 
ported in this mission ; and although the sisters are poor and their 
homes very modest, they still love to labor and do a great deal of 
Relief Society work. 

Northzvestern States Mission. 

The work in this mission, under Mrs. Mattie J. Ballard, has 
only recently been organized in a general mission capacity. In 




PORTLAND MIS.SION. 

President E. B. Wells in center of Group 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



377 



1914 there were seven branches with 172 officers and members; a 
liberal donation of $610 was paid out during that year in various 
charitable lines. In 1915 there were ten branches with 205 mem- 
bers ; and in 1917 the number of branches sprang suddenly for- 
ward to 28, which is the best growth reported in any of the mis- 
sions. The report says : 

1916. ''We wish to call attention to our increased member- 
ship — 182 to 502 — also there is an increase in all activities. There 
has been $12 worth of small books given away to investigators, 
also a large amount of tracts which we did not keep account of. 
We are still low in subscriptions to the Maga:;iiie. Will improve 
in 1917. Hope to visit all Societies twice this year. Wolf Poiont 
is our Indian Relief Society." 




HAMILTON, MONTANA, RELIEF SOCIETY 
Northwestern States Mission 

The rapid advancement of this Mission Relief Society 
work bears its own testimony to the executive qualities of its able 
and active President, Mrs. Ballard. 



California Mission. 

The California Mission, under Mrs. Minnie K. Robinson, had 
already ten branches in 1914; they owned a Relief Society hall 
at a cost of $381, and their membership was 209; they paid out 
that year $229, and were generally active in all avenues. The 
next year five more branches were organized, making fifteen in 



378 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



all. They report 6,162 pounds of wheat, with a membership of 
431. In 1916 a special effort was put forth to increase subscrip- 
tions to the Maga::ine, and like all the other missions, they report 
a rousing" total of subscriptions. 




SAN BERNARDINO RELIEF SOCIETY, CALIFORNIA MISSION. 

1916. "The sisters are active and interested in their work, 
especially the teachers. We have a great deal of work to do 
looking- after the needy and attending the sick. Many come here 
from the stakes of Zion for their health, and the result is we 
/lave more sick than we otherwise would. Most of our meetings 
are held in private residences as the branches have no meet'ng 
houses. The attendance is good, but would be better if the Saints 
were not so badly scattered." 

The year 1917 found this mission also actively engaged in 
Red Cross work. They report $370 given for charity, and a 
membership of 571 ; 546 meetings were held; there were 121 Red 
Cross members, and over 481 articles contributed to the Red Cro.ss 
during the year. 

U^estern States Mission. 

This mission has five organizations under the Persidency of 
Mrs. Jane W. Herrick, and although this mission has had Relief 
Society branches in Denver, Grand Junction and Pueblo for over 
twenty years, the work had not been centralized until Mrs. Herrick 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 379 

was made President. Five organizations were reported last year 
and we copy from Mrs. Herrick's report : 

1916. "With the exception of the Alamosa and Pueblo 
organizations all others have been organized within the last six 
months. All of the Societies are now following the outlines given 
in the Magazine very closely and are complying as closly as pos- 
sible with the instructions received from headquarters." 

1917. "The Fruita Relief Society has only been organized 
within the last few months. All of the organizations are in a good 
condition and are hoping to do splendid work this coming year." 

April 1, 1918, Sister Herrick reported the organization of a 
branch of the Relief Society at Rawlins, \\'yoming. 

Hawaiian Mission. 

The Hawaiian Mission, like all of the long established mis- 
sions, has done branch work in the Relief Society for manv, many 
years — for at least fifty years these Hui ]\lanawaleas have been 
in faithful operation. 

In the Laie conference a branch of the Relief Society was 
organized July 6. 1875. Much Relief Society work was done in 
Laie from that time on. but no records are available. 

When Sister Ellen Cole was appointed President of all the 
mission by President Samuel E. Woolley. she at once took up 
the active superintendency of the work. In 1914 she reported 29 
branches, 945 officers and members, and 1.252 meetings held dur- 
ing that year: they had collected and had on hand $3,528, over 
$1,0C0 of which was spent largely for the projected temple. In 
1915, over $4,000 was collected by these devoted Hawaiian sisters. 
and in 1^16. $2,675 was donated to the temple. Words fail to 
express the simple faith and ardent latx)rs of this child-like people. 
They are a recognized power, not only in the mission itself, but 
all over the Islands. It is a fact that the great majority of the 
native population belong to our Church. Sister Cole is a modest, 
energetic and capable woman whose labors bear constant fruit in 
that far-away mission. 

The Swiss and German Mission. 

During the presidency of Sister Ella Valentine, excellent re- 
ports were sent in of the work there. There were 436 members 
at that time, with nine branches ; they had collected 633 pounds 
of what, and spent $389 in charitable work. E>uring the past year 
we have heard little from this war-stricken section of Europe. 

A branch of the Relief Society was organized in Berlin, Ger- 
many. August 23. 1881 : the one in Berne, Switzerland, about the 
vear 1886; and the one in Amsterdam, Holland, about 1888 or 
1889. 



380 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Mexican Mission. 

The Mexican Mission has been greatly disorganized 
through war conditions. They have done much constructive and 
valuable work in this mission for the last thirty years, but since 
our people were driven out of there, little has been done. Presi- 
dent Rey L. Pratt reported the following to this ofifice : 

"Relief Society work in the Mexican Mission, due to revolu- 
tionary conditions that have prevailed there, has for some time 
been greatly interfered with, and meetings have not been regularly 
held. However, in a recent visit that I have made to the mission 
\ find that two of the three organizations that we left there when 
the elders were all brought out of the mission, continue to do 
relief work. All during the trying times of revolution, famine, 
and epidemics of disease that have devasted that country, our 
sisters of the Relief Societies have been as ministering angels to 
those in want and in distress, both among those who are members 
of the Church, and those who are not. Sister Petra Lopez, 
President of the Society that is now disorganized, untiringly min- 
istered to the sick in her town when a terrible epidemic of typhus 
fever took off about half of its people, till she also took the dis- 
ease from which she died, a martyr to her devotion to duty. Many 
others of the sisters were just as valiant, and continue so today. 
With improved conditions in the country we hope to revive the 
work, and to be able to report what is done, according to the re- 
port blank you have sent." 

Australian Mission. 

We have received the following account in regard to Relief 
Society work in the Australian Mission from President Arnold 
D. Miller's wife. Sister Mary J. Miller, who is a former stake 
president from Idaho: 

"In regard to Relief Society work in this mission, I have re- 
frained from writing until I had visited and made a study of the 
various conferences and conditions here, which I have done, trav- 
eling by boat and train some ten thousand miles since my arrival 
in Australia. When I arrived here I found that there were no 
Relief Society organizations existing in the mission, with the ex- 
ception of one in a remote part which I have since visited and 
found was not a Relief Society organization, but rather a small 
group, with seven lady Saints and one or two brethren. Conse- 
quently they had no branch organization ; however, they met 
weekly in a Bible class, and also discussed the Articles of Faith. 

"Several years ago there were a few Relief Society organiza- 
tions started with the aid and assistance of some of our mis- 
sionary sisters, but as the president and elders did not have much 
understanding of the work and the mode of conducting the same, 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 381 

the societies did not grow and prosper as they should have done. 
On the contrary, envy and contention arose among the officers and 
members, generally in regard to the using of the funds, which 
caused such ill-feeling among the members that the officers either 
resigned or the meetings became extinct, which, under the condi- 
tions, was for the best. Some of the former presidents' wives 
did not visit among the conferences often where the Relief Socie- 
ties existed, so the members did not get the instructions and en- 
couragement they should have received to make a success. 

"The former Mission President, who came here about the 
beginning of the war trouble, felt that the Saints had all they 
could well carry, and were doing all the charity work they were 
able to do. He felt that to organize them, would work a double 
hardship and expense on them, as most of them have car fare to 
pay in coming to the meetings. And so many of the sisters are 
now working individually at home during these troublesome 
times, and it would be very hard for them to attend Relief Society 
meetings. Train and car fares for Sunday services amounts to 
quite a sum when the purse is light. We hold M. I. A. conjoint 
meetings weekly, where Church doctrines are taught and dis- 
cussed ; also Priesthood weekly meetings ; and these with other 
calls make an inroad on the allowances of the Saints. During the 
war times, which have now been over three years, there is scarcely 
a home but has given up either a son, brother, or father, and the 
necessity of economy is felt along all lines. Some of the Saints 
live out in the suburbs so far that they can only attend sacrament 
meetings once in a fortnight ; and a great many of them, too, are 
transients, and do not remain long in one location. Oh, this cruel 
war has made such inroads on the homes of the majority of the 
people! I believe that the Saints are kind to assist each other 
where possible to do so, but with the drain of war, and labor 
strikes, etc., which are very prevalent here, and other conditions, 
the people are certainly kept down financially. 

"I have visited all the conferences in the mission but one, 
which was so far away (some 2,700 miles, and through an ex- 
tremely dry. hot country, with several hundred miles of desert), 
that my health would not permit me to make the trip. There are 
not enough interested sisters there to create an organization, 
although they exert themselves to attend Sunday service. I find 
there is a great difference between the aborigines of the islands 
and the cosmopolitan people of Australia ; so many came here for 
financial gain. 

'T have greatly enjoyed my missionary experiences, and they 
have been a great educator to me. I trust I have been the humble 
instrument in the hands of the Lord in doing some good at least 
to those I have been privileged to meet with. Although I have 



382 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



not been able to do Relief Society work, I have talked and ex- 
plained it, and its beauties and benefits, wherever I have visited, 
and the great good that is being accomplished by it. Also read 
and circulate the Relief Society Magazine among the sisters, and 
they seem greatly interested in it. I hope to be able to send in 
some subscriptions in the near future. 

"Another subject that I have made a strong effort to teach 
the people is the necessity and great value of the genealogical 
work, and have shown and distributed all of my genealogical 
literature. A,s a usual thing, they are very much interested in it, 
and many of them are searching out their ancestral histories. 
Quite a number have sent names of their dead friends to be 
officiated for by the returning elders. I believe the people in 
general realize the importance of this great work. Occasionally 
we devote an evening to that subject, and will continue to do so, 
believing- that good results will be obtained. 

"The Red Cross organizations are doing a great amount of 
work here, and our sisters are giving them all the support they 
can, by taking yarn home to knit into socks, helmets, and various 
other articles. One never goes anywhere, either by train, boat, 
or car, but he sees ladies busy with their knitting. And one 
church here has allowed the ladies to bring their knitting, and knit 
during the service. I think their enthusiasm runs away with their 
good judgment. I believe I would knit a little longer, or faster, 
Saturday evening, and arise a little earlier Monday morning, to 
avoid what they feel would be lost time." 

August 1, 1880, a branch of the Relief Society was organized 
in New Zealand, in what was called "Christ Church." 




FOUR LADY MISSIONARIES IN NEW ZEALAND RELIEF SOCIETY. 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



383 



Scandinavian Mission. 

The first Relief Society organized in this mission, so far as 
we are able to ascertain, was the one in Copenhagen, Denmark, 
which was organize 1 Nov. 20, 1879. But much excellent and 
faithful work has been accomplished in these countries by the 
sisters of the Relief Society. 




MRS. VENUS R. ROSSITER 

President Tahitian Mission 

Relief Society 

Tahitian Mission. 

The earliest Relief Society of the Tahitian Mission, which is 
on record, was organized on the Island of Anaa, in the year 1881, 
by Taoto, a native elder. This was during the forty years' time 
that the white elders were banished from the Islands. Therefore, 
it is very apparent that the Relief Society was organized previous 
to the year 1852, while the former elders were still in the Islands, 
although there is no authentic record to that effect. 

The next societies were organized in the year 1892 and 1893 
on the Islands of Faaite and Anaa, while President Jarnes S. 
Brown and Joseph W. Damron were presiding over the mission ; 
later on the Islands of Takaroa, in 1896, and in Marokau and 
Tubuai in the years 1897-98 by Elders Osborn J. P. Widtsoe and 
Edgar L. Cropper. 



384 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



The Relief Society work was carried on under the direction 
of the elders and native sisters until 1905, when Sisters Annie W. 
Wilkensonof St. George, Utah, and Sarah C. Hall of Salt Lake, 
who were the first lady missionaries to come from Zion, took 
charge of the work at Papeete, the mission headquarters. 



J^ 



^ 



r*' 



■kX t^K .%■-■■ ■■* ■ -"^'^^^i^Vj. 



-> -^i^llk^mJm^-^^ ■■ r^' 



TAHITIAN MISSION HOME. 



These two sisters were followed by Sisters Mary E. Cutler of 
Salt Lake, from 1907-08. Lady missionaries in that mission were 
as follows : 

Mary S. Seeg:miller of Richfield, Utah, from 1909-1911 

Juliette L. Peterson of Lehi, Utah, from 1910-1914 

Maud II. Fullmer of Salt Lake City, Utah, from 1911-1914 

Margaret H. Compton of Ogden, Utah, from 1915-1917 

Venus R. Rossiter of Salt Lake City, Utah, from 1915-1918 

The last two named sisters, however, are the first who have 
personally visited and had under their direct supervision the work 
throughout the entire mission. 

There are at present five well organized and active societies, 
scattered over an area of more than 1,500 miles, and we expect to 
have several others that were organized years ago and have long 
since been discontinued, to be in active working condition in the 
very near future. In the five branches there is an enrollment of 
109 members, although the attendance at meetings alrnost doubles 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



.^85 



that number, but on account of the existing local conditions of the 
race, only married, women can be enrolled as Relief Society 
members. 

Although few in number it is doubtful whether a more ener- 
getic band of workers can be found throughout the Church than 
the Relief Society sisters of the Tahitian Mission. They are so 
devoted to the work that they make it a part of their lives. 

Meetings are held regularly every Thursday afternoon, be- 
sides several days during the month being set apart for making 
quilts, weaving hats, mats and other native handiwork to raise 
the society funds. Other means they have of swelling their coffers, 
is pearl diving, and from their extensive cocoanut plantations each 
sister donates weekly an allotted number of cocoanuts by which 
she pays the society dues and Temple Penny Fund dues. 




RELIEF SOCIETY OFFICERS, TAHITIAN MISSION. 



As there are so few poor among them to be cared for, the 
■sisters have adopted the custom of buying and preparing the burial 
clothes for the dead. They also keep a community medicine chest, 
and their kind-hearted devotion and care of the sick is untiring 
and beautiful to see. The president appoints the sisters by twos 
to remain with the afflicted household night and day, nursing or 



386 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 



doing- whatever househohl duties present themselves, washing, 
ironing, cooking, etc. 

They also take a great delight in house to house visiting, an-d 
are assigned different subjects to discuss in the house, such as 
faith, prayer, chastity, proper clothing and feeding and manage- 
ment of children, cleanliness, etc. 

The Relief Society sisters have also done their part in the 
erection of meetinghouses, by donation of money and materials, 
and in many cases have actually performed manual labor, carrying 
sand and stone for the builders, besides furnishing and providing 
the meals for them. 




TAHITIAN MISSION CHAPEL AT TAKOROA, 



The elders from Zion are well cared for by the Relief Society. 
The sisters wash, iron and mend all their clothing, besides fur- 
nishing much of their food, and on many of the islands provide 
them with native thatched houses which they themselves construct 
and furnish comfortably with native woven mats. They also keep 
the Mission House at headquarters well suppHed with native patch 
work quilts of g-orgeous colors and intricate pattern. 

During the past year we have done some sewing for the local 
"Croix Rouge," Red Cross Society, and have dried fish and fruit 
for the Tahitian boys in the army. 

Our hearts are in the work and we are working hard to do 
our part in making this a banner year in the history of Relief 
Society work, both in the Tahitian Mission and the entire Church. 



RELIEF SOCIETY WORK IN MISSIONS. 



387 



We close this recital with the following brief report of our 
oldest Indian or Lamanite reorganization : 

The JVashakie Relief Society. 

The Relief Society of Washakie was .organized on the 20th 
of Mav, 1883, by Apostle Lorenzo Snow and Eliza R. Snow 
Smith/with the following officers: Elizabeth J. Zundell, presi- 
dent; Malissa Hunsaker, first counselor; Cohn Zundell, second 
counselor; Harriet E. Chandler, secretary; Almira H. Zundell, 
treasurer. 

Very few of the Lamanite sisters understood the English 
language, but assisted by L E. D. Zundell, at that time the inter- 
preter and the bishop of the ward, the Relief Society worked 
faithfully and were successful in starting the great Relief So- 
ciety work among the Lamanite sisters. On account of Bishop 
Zundell and family moving to Arizona, the Relief Society was 
reorganized by Pres. Seymour B. Young and Pres. Oliver C. Ras- 
kins, of Malad stake, Bishop Moroni Ward of Washakie, and 
president of the Relief Society of Malad stake, Lucinda Ras- 
kins, in 189L Eliza X. Ward was sustained as president, Malissa 
Hunsaker as first counselor, Cohn Zundell (a Lamanite sister) as 
second counselor, Phebe Ward as secretary and treasurer. 




WASHAKIE INDIAN RELIEF SOCIETY. 

As the Lamanites are very quick to understand they began 
to take a great interest in the Relief Society work, especially in 
ministering to the wants of their kindred. The Relief Society was 
again reorganized August 4, 1904, by Bishop George M. Ward of 
Washakie, and president of the stake Relief Society Julia A. 



388 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Richards and counselors Eliza A. Hall and Eliza V. Ward. Mary 
A. Ward was sustained president, Cohn Zundell, first counselor, 
Towange Timimboe, second counselor, Mary A. Ward, .secretary, 
Lucy Z. Peoyope, assistant secretary. The president has been un- 
tiring in her labors to bring- the Washakie Relief Society up to 
the standard with the other wards in tl\e stake. They are storing 
grain and have their credits for the same with the Presiding 
Bishopric. They are taking the lessons outlined in our Maga- 
zine. Have done a great deal of temple work for their ancestors 
in the Logan temple and have donated money and have credit in 
the temple to have more work done there. They have this sum- 
mer bottled all kinds of fruit; have dried apples and berries and 
are trying to conserve all the necessaries of life. In fact, I may say 
they are a good, industrious band of sisters, always on hand to 
assist their president and listen to her counsel in this great work 
of the Relief Society. Some of the sisters are beautiful singers, 
and sing in all of our meetings, when requested. They take great 
plea.sure in testimony bearing, and the older sisters tell of their 
past experiences which are interpreted by those who speak our 
language or by Bishop Ward, when he is in attendance at our 
meetings. Eliza A. Hall, 

President Malad Stake Relief Society. 

These sketches are necessarily incomplete and imperfect for 
lack of adequate records. But enough has been said to indicate 
the vast amount of work done and good accomplished by the sis- 
ters of the Relief Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
'day Saints in the various mission fields. God speed the good 
work ! 



AN EASY WAY TO SHELL GREEN PEAS. 

Loosen thumb screws on an ordinary wringer, insert stem 
end of the pea pod between the loose rubber rollers, when peas 
will fall on one side and the empty pods on the other side with- 
out crushing either peas or pods. 



Jared of Nain 

A ROMANCE 

By L. Lnia Greene Richards. 

The soft, mild evening of an unusually sad day was fall- 
ing serenely over the small picturesque city or village of Nain, 
a village named and famed for the beauty of its situation in the 
province on ancient Galilee. Long, slanting rays of light of many 
and gorgeous hues streamed eastward from the sun low sinking 
in the western horizon. They lingered caressingly upon the tops 
of the houses and of hills, glinted and shimmered through the 
luxurious upper foliage of trees and vines but underneath upon 
the ground stretched huge dark shadoows of uncertain forms 
showing the near approach of night. 

It was the hour for gathering around the home altar and of- 
fering up evening devotions. The Galileans were a loyal and 
patriotic people, and possibly of all the inhabitants of Nain one 
man alone remained unmoved by the preparation around him for 
rendering up unto the Supreme One due praise and humble sup- 
plication. 

an effect in some measure upon each individual resident of the 
village. The occurrence had been the funeral rites of an exquis- 
itely fair, very popular and generally beloved young maiden called 
Lilah, and every one sorrowed, many verv deeply. 

But for Jared, who was a young man looked up to and 
beloved by every one, even as Lilah had been, grief had no 
bound. A rapturous betrothal had existed between the two, 
and that day, which proved to be the funeral day of the bride 
elect, had been formally chosen for their nuptials. Thus left 
was Jared, and the shock seemed to have turned his heart to 
stony ice. yet kept it conscious of ceaseless, burning pain, with 
now and then a sudden thrust as if a dagger pierced it to the 
core, making his senses reel with death-like faintness. His lips 
were dumb, he coukl not utter even a prayer ; so rigid were his 
limbs he could not kneel. 

Standing beside the couch from wdiich he had heavily arisen. 
Tared looked out upon the western sky. The sunset scene aroused 
in his benumbed mind a new, strong terror. 

Lilah was in her tomb beyond the city wall. The evening 
watchman soon would close the gate, and she would be shut out 
alone — alone ! That thought w-as so intolerable that Jared sped 
like a wild, frightened animal down through the street until the 



390 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

gate was reached and then without a glance toward the aged, half 
blind and slightly startled keeper of the gate, on through the 
opening, he fairly flew, out and on and on among the sepulchres. 
The closing gate clanged loudly behind him but he heard it not. 
The new white tomb of Lilah, his beloved, was reached at last 
and close to it he sank or fell where for a time, he never knew 
how long, he lay in utter exhaustion, inert and totally oblivious. 

All the inhabitants of Nain being engaged in evening prayer, 
no one noticed Jared's sudden flight. He was not missed, and 
consequently had no followers. The kind and thoughtful inmates 
of his home had seen him throw himself upon his couch and in their 
tender sympathy for him in the speechless agony attending his 
great loss had left him undisturbed with hopes that consolation of 
a surer kind than earthly friend can offer might come to him 
with quiet rest and sleep. And so unsought he lay unconscious 
there hour after hour, the only living human soul among the silent 
dead. The first faint sensation he realized when returning at 
last to consciousness was a feeling of suffocation. And, as he 
became conscious, the effort for respiration and the choking 
feeling became ever more intense until it seemed to him that he 
nmst be actually in the throes of death. Then to his struggling 
memory came the thought of his neglected prayer and, following 
that, an unfamiliar wondering if Israel's God still lived. With 
almost .superhuman effort he calmed himself sufficiently to form 
within his heart, if not in words, this simple prayer: "Oh God of 
Israel, if thou dost still exist, have mercy on my soul !" 

Instantly as this prayer entered his mind the sense of smoth- 
ering ceased, his respiration became natural and involuntary, 
by some unseen force, he was raised to a sitting posture while a 
still further phenomenal experience passed over h'm. This later 
wonder was that the shroud of grief which had bound him from 
head to foot like the swaths of an embalmed Egyptain body he 
felt to be cut asunder and cast from him as a heavy, burdensome 
garment and immediately he found himself enveloped in a daz- 
zling white light. It was not as the light of sun or moon but 
softer, clearer and yet more penetrating. 

Following h's first surprised impulse Jared looked about to 
discover whence that astonishing light proceeded. 

Although a very -young man, still Jared, because of remark- 
able aptitude in many directions, was already an acknowledged 
leader in business of various sorts throughout the country. He 
traveled much and knew the land of Palestine by heart. Now 
when he looked and saw the object which appeared to be causing 
the marvelous light around him, h'lls, valleys, rivers and distance 
all amounted to nothing as existing between that object and him- 
self. He saw it was a magnificiently large and bright new star, 



JARED OF MAIN. 391 

and that it hung directly over Bethlehem I Large and marvelous 
as that new star looked to him at first, even while Jared gazed 
intently upon it, it seemed to expand ijnt'l framed in its brilliancy 
and in the very center of its light appeared the standing figure of 
a full grown Man. And near enough to Jared hung the Star 
and stood the Man for him to plainly distinguish the noblest feat- 
ures he had ever looked upon, wearing an expression of the 
tenderest compassion he had ever witnessed. Even the gracious 
attitude of the manly form slightly inclining toward Jared, as 
the gentle, but most lustrous eyes gazed wistfully into his own. 
bore evidence of divine pity and love. Was it a gdorious, heaven- 
ly being Jared was given to look upon? He saw a man young 
like unto himself filled v/ith appreciative compassion at sight of 
h's great suffering. Was it one that had lived on this earth, was 
the earth really his present abode, or would it be at some future 
time? These questions flashed through the mind of the young 
man but were to him unanswerable. 

Jared was greatly moved. His innermost soul was strangely 
touched. Still gazing steadfastly upon the Alan, with, soundless 
voice his heart cried out, "Oh blessed One ; who art thou ?" 

And in the same manner from the Alan standing between 
Jared and the Star, without sound came the answer to his soul, 

"I am the Light of the world. Thou art made whole." 

With this miraculous communion Jared felt and knew that 
the death-like wound in his heart was healed, that power was 
given him to live instead of being crushed and killed by the over- 
whelming weight of sorrow caused by the terrible loss he had 
sustained, and that he must go forth blessing and helping wher- 
ever he could in all the world. And -with this feeling came a deep 
consciousness of obligation for the inestimable good which he was 
receiving and a sense of gratitude so profound that he was 
overcome thereby and sank again to the earth but this time in a 
state of peaceful, child-like slumber. 

\\'hen he awoke he realized that he had been much refreshed 
and felt once more buoyant in mind and body. The sun was 
shining brightly and cheeringly upon him as he arose and walked 
homeward pondering in his soul a strange, new happiness and 
won-'ering how it could be possible for him to feel so well and so 
released from his anguishing sorrow. 

One thing he settle! conclusively within himself before 
speaking to any living soul, which was that it would be best and 
most prudent for him never to reveal to any one his marvelous 
experience of the past night. H's first reason for this decision 
was that to him it would seem to mar the sacredness of the great 
gift he felt he had received to talk of it to listeners. And secondly, 
it would be useless to mention it to others as he certainlv could 



392 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

not explain to their understanc'ing- the import of it all and there- 
fore he would not be believed. All would wonder and be in- 
quisitive, some would denounce him as a hypocrite, others would 
ridicule his declaration and many would consider him, at least to 
some degree, insane. He would not risk bringing upon himself 
these threatening difficulties. He knew he was under great 
obligation to diffuse for the good of those around him the new 
and helpful light and strength which had been bestowed upon 
him by a power he could not yet grasp or fathom himself, much 
less impart a knowledge of in words to others. All he could do 
would be to render as much service as possible to all he might 
come in contact with, living so carefully that the Light should 
continually guide him, fostering the strength given and radiating 
the precious influence of both light and strength on all his asso- 
ciates through life. This he must do. He was even anxious to 
begin putting into practice the fresh, benevolent resolutions which 
crowded into his mind, but he would never speak of the great 
manifestion he had been favored with, no, never ! And these 
sacred covenants which Jared formed within himself he succceed- 
ed well in carefully maintaining. 

People wondered at the change that had come over the young 
man and it was spoken of according to the differing views of 
'different individuals. Some who were kindly disposed gave 
credence to the thought that he still grieved for the loss of his 
beloved Lilah but had such complete mastery of himself that 
strangers would never guess that he suffered. Those more given 
to light-mindedness thought his sorrow could not have been so 
'great in the first place as had been supposed or he never could 
have put it off so soon and so completely. And in many other 
varying I'ghts his affairs were talked over by his relatives, friends 
and acquaintances, none ever su.specting that there was a deep 
and fascinating mystery connected with the story which remained 
safely locked and guarded in Jared's devoted heart. 

Whenever allusion would be made to Lilah's death in his 
presence Jared would quickly, gently but determinedly draw 
attention to other subjects. And instead of s'tting morbidly down 
or walking about in mournful attitude he looked to it that all his 
waking moments were so occupied in worthy deeds or helpful 
converse that no time or opportunity ever came to h'm for gloom 
and desponc^ency. With no selfish thought of hoarding up wordly 
treasures Jared became in a few years exceedingly wealthy. His 
splendid business attributes could scarcely have been kept in the 
continual operations he subjected them to without his acquiring 
great personal riches. But the wealth which seemed to flow 
naturally into the hands was lavishly distributed wherever he 
found need for it. Frequently widows and orphans who were 



JARED OF MAIN. 393 

left destitute had through Jared's skilful management pleasant 
homes and comfortable livelihood secured to them. The poor 
were cared for, the lonely cheered and the sorrowing consoled 
on every hand. 

Yet so conscientiously and tactfully did Jared succeed in 
covering all traces of his broad magnanimity that a large number 
of those who were the grateful recipients of his generous gifts 
knew nothing of whence they came save that the Lord had gra- 
ciously provided them. 

Often by a quiet, happy undermovement Jared would 
cause a reflection to be thrown upon others in a way that would 
establish them as munificent donors and prevent the "discovery of 
his own connection with some noble achievement for which he 
alone was responsible. By this means many wealthy but in- 
dififerent people were led unsuspectingly into the beneficent ten- 
dency of performing kindly deeds thereafter. And Jared, having 
a decided thoug-h carefully guarded sense of humor, frequently 
discovered a dash of pleasantry in some of these explo'ts. For- 
tunately he had also the native ability to turn all such measures 
to good account for the enjoyment of others as well as himself, 
which he did with the same generosity he exhibited in weightier 
concerns an dwith such sagacity that he never betrayed the orig- 
inality of his always agreeable jests. For himself Jared disliked 
notoriety and absolutely refused to be popularized. He had no 
time for anything- like vain display. Yet vigorously as the young 
man pursued his chosen occupation of securing and imparting 
wealth, always by honorable and elevating means, his time was 
never so precious as to prevent his stopping to pet and comfort a 
little child who had come to grief, to speak to and encourage a 
man or woman who was in need of sympathy and help or to seek 
to alleviate in .some manner any sufifering that came in his way. 
However, with all his zeal and promptitude to sustain every 
worthy enterprize, perform every kindness to his fellowman and 
omit no good deed that he might accomplish, there came a time 
when for a number of years, according to the long established 
laws of his people. Israel. Jared overlooked, refused to recognize 
or at any rate failed to comply with the requ'rements of a spec- 
ified duty. 

The manifestation of this apparent weakening feature in his 
character was brought about on this wise. The death of a fav- 
orite brother near Jared's own age left a beautiful young widow 
and an exceptionally attractive little boy to the special care of 
the brother-in-law and uncle. And true to h-'s high ideals of the 
value and purpose of earthly existence Jared looked to it that 
not-hing should pa,ss unattended to which could enhance the well 



394 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

being and happiness of these beloved and bereft relatives for a 
considerable length of time. 

But then — it became noticeably obivious that Rhoda, the fair 
sister-in-law, had come to live in waiting and anticipation of 
Jared's further fulfilment of his lawful duty to his deceased 
■brother and the widow. Yet Tared strenuously avoided every 
semblance of recognition of obligation or show of inclination to 
accede to the affirmative side of the situation. 

Thus year after year passed until Jesse, the boy had grown 
to be a fine, stalwart young man. And although the boy was 
fairly idolized by both mother and uncle, still the man gave no 
sign of intention to change their relationship. 

Finally, however, events occurred which caused alterations to 
be made. One afternoon on returning to Nain after a somewhat 
prolonged journey with business associates Jared was suddenly 
awakened to a sense of certain important duties toward his neph- 
ew which he had entirely neglected. Calling at the home of his 
sister-in-law he found her alone and after pleasant greetings he 
inquired for Jesse. 

"My heart has vearned for the little boy of late." said he, 
"Where is he?" 

"I doubt not," the mother replied with a quiet smile, "He 
waits at the fountain to meet Eunice and her parents returning 
home from Endor where they have been visiting relatives." 

"Eunice and her parents !" Jared repeated with undisguised 
astonishment. 

"Yes, Eunice," Rhoda answered, still smiling and showing 
amusement at Jared's consternation. Then observing that a cloud 
of anxiety was settling upon the face of her brother-in-law she 
made haste to explain, feeling- that it might as well be done at 
once and over with. 

"Jesse," she said, "count's himself a man now. He is, as we 
know, large of stature and very manly. He and the damsel have 
great love for each other and he has besought me to speak to you 
that you will intercede for him with her parents that she may 
become his wife." 

Jared was thoroughly amazed at this plain statement from 
Jesse's mother. He had never yet thought of regarding the boy 
as other than a nrere child. And yet his "little boy," as he still 
called him, actuallv wanted to marry that delightfully lovely and 
every way charming and desirable bit of a girl — Eunice : why 
she still seemed to him simply a baby and yet she too loved and 
would marry the bov — his boy, upon whom he had never yet 
thought of placing the slightest weight of responsibility ! The 
latter portion of his thought confronted Jared with a great wave 



J A RED OF MAIN. 395 

of self-condemnation. How utterely, it seemed to him at that 
moment, he had failed in the rearing of his brother's child ! 

Extreme pity for the little one so early left fatherless had 
caused excesive tenderness to be lavished upon him in the first 
place. Then as Jesse grew and devolped the gentle, obedient 
spirit he always manifested and the sincere gratitude and love he 
exhibted towards his uncle on all occasions had seemed to hold 
Jared so completely satisfied with the child that absorbed as he 
was in the pursuit of his busy life, the necessity of training the 
child left in a measure to his care, in self-reliance, independence 
and usefulness had been entirely overlooked. 

With .still further uneasiness Jared called to mind the fact 
that Jesse was nearly as old now as he had been when he was 
to have married Lilah. But what a difference in the two young 
men. Jared thought this over as he endeavored to decide in his 
wavering mind how he should meet this new and unanticipated 
proposition of his nephew. He himself had been competent to 
take hold of and manage successfully so many kinds of work 
and business, while poor Jesse had been allowed to mature men- 
tally and physically without being trained in any branch of indus- 
try that would bring a living for himsiclf, much less for a family. 
Having been aroused by the information Rhoda had given him 
to a realization of the terrible mistake he had been guilty of in the 
matter, Jared tried to reason out what would be the wise course 
to pursue at the present crisis of affairs. He had not settled an 
answer to the difficult problem in his mind when his nephew 
came with bounding step and radiant countenance into his pres- 
ence. 

The two men met with cordial, affectionate greetings as they 
had ever done, yet into the hearts and faces of both there came 
a .something never before felt or seen, something to be touched 
very lightly and yet to be analyzed, weighed and settled upon. 

Strange though it appear the younger man was first to broach 
the delicate subject, and he did it in a .straight-forward, manly 
way. 

"My mother has told you my uncle," Jesse said bravely, "of 
my love for our neighbor Eunice and the des're I have for your 
consent and that of her parents that she may become my wife. 
I feel it is, that you understand and will give us your blessing." 

Jared hesitated for a little time, then in a deep but exceed- 
ingly gentle voice he answered, "We are so unprepared for such 
an event, Jesse, my boy, we must wait and work out a proper and 
wise arrangement of the matter." 

This sounded very strange to Jesse coming as it did from 
his indulgent uncle who had scarcely ever before questioned 
the propriety of granting his slightest wish. His reply was given 



396 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

as a question in a very respectful though .somewhat crestfallen 
tone and manner. 

"Why," he asked, "should there be waiting and the working 
out of arrangements when a man and a woman know they love 
and desire each other?" 

It was a severe trial to Jared then to say to Jesse what his 
conscience told him the boy must be made to know and realize. 
He forced himself, however, to undertake this hard, new duty 
and said in a firm voice but with much tenderness, 

"We have walked in mistaken blessedness, my Jesse ! I have 
delighted ever in your guileless happiness, your joyous games, 
your blissful, unincumbered, beautiful young life. But I have 
wronged you, boy, in that I have furnished you no active duties 
to perform, no regular requirements in useful pursuits, no work 
to do. Forgive me, my boy, for my short-sightedness which has 
thus allowed you to live on in this unprofitable and irresponsible 
way. And now let me redeem for you, as far as possible, your 
wasted time and energies. We are looking for a reliable, dis- 
creet man to fill a good position just left vacant in our Esdraelon 
works. I had not thought of placing you there until now, but I 
believe the work will be easy and agreeable for you and that you 
will soon master and enjoy it. Will you accompany me thither 
and make trial of the work?" 

Jesse and his mother had never been separated. At the con- 
clusion of this proposition from Jared the eyes of each sought 
the face of the other searchlingly. Could either of them think of 
refusing any request made by this best friend who was always 
doing so much for them ? They had both turned very pale ; but 
whatever Jes.se read in his mother's face it was nothing that 
could cause him to hesitate, rather it encouraged him to say, as 
he did, heroically, "I will go." 

And three days later the young man was established as 
though it might have been forever in a pleasant though respons- 
ible situation in the wealth-producing works at Esdraelon in which 
his uncle owned large interests. 

Jared left his nephew there after instructing him carefully 
in the duties required of him, with an afifectionate promise that 
he would soon return and render help and give further instruct- 
ions if necessary. 

Jesse immediately took hold of the work assigned him with 
great vehemence — with greater zeal than wisdom, more energy 
than prudence, and with the result that being overtaxed in mind 
and body, he soon became weakened and felt the drawback of 
discouragement. He grew homesick, heartsick and finally fell 
very ill. 



JARED OF MAIN. M 

The friends about him became alarmed and sent a swift 
message for his uncle to come at once. 

Without delay the uncle hastened to the striken boy and 
speedily but with all tenderness returned him to his mother. 

Jared censured himself more severely than before for what 
he now considered the idiotic course he had taken with this boy 
whom he held dearer than his own life. His last mistake of try- 
ing to rush Jesse into advanced business concerns instead of 
having him begin at the bottom and work up gradually made him 
feel that if hehad ever believed himself possessed of a moderate 
share of sound, manly sense, all such conceit was now taken out 
of him forever. 

Together the heart-broken mother and uncle nursed theii 
boy and watched with incessant care and solicitude his rapidly 
declining condition. But all this, in connection with the best 
medical skill to be obtained, proved ineffectual. In a few days 
the decisive moment came and passed. The news flashed 
through Nain that Jesse was dead ! 

Again all Nain was shrouded in grief and sad eyes looked 
into sorrowful faces on all hands. Sympathizing friends and 
neighbors gathered at the home and all necessary prepartions 
were made for the burial. The time of decorum to elapse in such 
an instance passed and thoose appointed to carry the bier upon 
which the young man lay in the quiet, peaceful sleep of death took 
up their burden and commenced the funeral march toward the 
gate of the city. Rhoda. the greif-stricken mother, walked near 
The bearers weeping. The fair and comely Eunice, white and 
tremulous as a delicate flower crouched and shaken by rude,_ rough 
winds, but wide-eyed and tearless, also followed closely with her 
parents. Many of the inhabitants of the city were in attendance. 
But in that vast throng and near to Rhoda and other rel- 
atives, Jared, in that hour of crushing self-denunciation and un- 
utterable grief walked as if alone. H.e felt himself the direct 
cause of Jesse's death because of the two great mistakes already 
made, and his agony was terrible indeed. 

As the head of the procession was nearing the gate leading 
to the place of the sepluchres a change came over Jared's heart. 
Vividly flashed across his memory the scene of that other time, 
now more than thirty years ago. The day when the lovely form 
of his cherished Lilah' had been carried through the same gate. 
Was it possible that the utter hopelessness of ever feeling joy 
again which had rested upon him then was now torturing the 
heart of the uncomplaining, resolute, brave, little Eunice? How 
sharp were the pangs that pierced his own heart at thought of the 
gentle girl and the bereaved mother. 

Then came lively recollections of the night subsequent to that 



398 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

other funeral. The Star, the Man, "The Light of the World." 
How he, Jared himself, was rescued from a dying condition and 
raised into renewed life and happiness — The Man, "The Light 
of the World" — where was he now ? Could he not appear again 
and restore them even now to hope and happiness? 

Ah, but what had he, Jared, done since that memorable occa- 
sion to entitle him to .such a favor now? What had he done to 
cultivate acquaintance with that wonderful power which had then 
been exhibited in his behalf? Nothing- at all. Soon after his 
phenomenal experience he had heard of a Babe which was said 
to have been born in Bethlehem on that same night which had 
been of such marvelous import to himself, and that in some way 
the Star and the Babe had some relative connection. But he had 
reflected that instead of a little child it had been a man that he 
beheld in vision, so he paid no attention to that rumor or to 
others following it. He went over it all now in memory, won- 
dering if he had made mistakes in these matters as he had in 
Jesse's case. Rapidly events passed before his mind. He re- 
membered that long after the reports concerning the Babe, in 
fact but a few years ago, he had heard of a man preaching re- 
pentance in the wilderness of Judea and baptizing his converts in 
the river Jordan. For a time he had felt impressed with and in- 
terested in this story, wondering if it might not be the man of his 
vision. And one day when traveling alone near the river Jordan 
he had seen a multitude of people gathered in a sequestered place 
where the bank of the river was low. He had driven nearer the 
scene than necessary hoping to learn something that might be of 
benefit to h'm, and halted his horses that he might observe. He 
saw that a man .stood in the water and immersed those who went 
down unto him. But this man in strange clothes and of roug 
appearance bore no resemblance, as far as Jared could discover, 
to that most perfect Man he had once seen, and found himself 
now half hoping that he might see again. 

In the throng on the bank he saw men that he knew to be 
noted for trickery and dishonesty in their lives. And to these he 
heard the man standing in the water call in withering tones, "O 
generation of vipers ! who hath warned you to flee from the wrath 
to come?" That was sufficient for Jared. Urging his horses he 
hastened from the scene. He had no desire to be classed with 
men whom he knew could justly be called as the Baptist had 
styled them, a "generation of vipers." 

Having all these things pass like a .swiftly running panoramic 
view before his memory, Jared recalled to mind the indifference 
he had felt and cultivated toward all subjects that might have 
brought him nearer and placed him more in touch with that mys- 
terious power, whatever it might have been that he had once seen 



JARED OF NAIN. 399 

and felt manifested in his own salvation. And in his soul he ques- 
tioned what he should have done and, further, if there could be 
anything that he might do now. The memory of the concise 
prayer he had felt rather than uttered at the very moment he had 
been snatched from the darkness of despair and death into which 
he was being plunged flashed into his mind just as the front of 
the procession reached the gate. And in the fervency of his soul 
Jared prayed again, ''O Thou Light of the World ! wilt thou not 
come to us in our sore distress and restore this boy to his mother?" 

As the bier was carried through the gate another company of 
people approached from the other side about to enter the city. 
Evidently the leader of the company was a man held in high 
esteem and great reverence by his followers. "And when he 
saw the weeping mother he had compassion upon her and said 
unto her. Weep not !" 

"And he came and touched the bier and they that bear him 
stood still. And he said. Young man, I say unto thee arise. 

"And he that was dead sat up and began to speak. And he 
delivered him to his mother. 

"And there came a fear on all and they glorified God." 

Jesus, for it was none other, looking around upon the multi- 
tude, rested His gaze upon Jared whose prayer He had answere 1. 
And as their eyes met, Jared knew that now he beheld in reality 
the same perfect Man he had seen in vision more than thirty years 
before. He felt also that the Babe of Bethlehem born that night 
had grown to be the Alan he now beheld — that he, for his salva- 
tion had been then mysteriously shown in vision what that Babe 
was to become. 

And again Jared's heart was filled with speechless joy and 
gratitude. He longed to throw himself at the Savior's feet and 
worship with the others but for a time the throng prevented him 
and he, with his relatives, had to wait. 

When Jesse restored in this miraculous manner to buoyant, 
happy life, turned from embracing his mother to greet the now 
glad-faced and radiantly beautiful Eunice. Jared took the hand of 
his sister-in-law in both his own and spoke to her alone. 

His voice full of loving tenderness and the words he uttered 
completed for the blessed woman at that time a fulness of joy. 
He said : 

"Rhoda, I will fulfil my whole duty to my brother and his 
family. And henceforth together we Avill serve the God of 
Israel. Wq will follow Jesus of Nazareth, The Light of the 
World." 



Unusual Mothers. 

DOROTHEA JANE DENNIS RAINEY. 
Benson Stake. 

MOTHER OF SI>;TEEN CHILDREN. 

Dorothea Jane Dennis Rainey was born June 6, 1840, at 
Pontatoe County, Miss. February 9, 1857, she was married to 
David P. Rainey from which union there were sixteen children, 
as follows : 




Martha Jar.e (dea 1). 

David Wiiram, b. [an. 6, 1859, 

Marag-ret M., b. Sept. 15, 18r>0; d. Dec. 1, 1917, 

Joseph P., b. Sept. 19, 1861. 

Mary E, b. Aug. 5, 1863. 

George W., b. Oct. 2, 1864. 

James A., b. Feb. 2, 1866. 

Frederick H., b. Oct. 29, 1867. 

Emma K., b. Aug. 9, 1869. 

Gracy A., b. Jan. 15, 1871, (dead). 

Tabitha, b. Sept. 18, 1872. 

Zina A., b. Nov. 13, 1873, (.dead). 

Chloe, b. Dec. 7, 1875. 

Jennie, b. Dec. 24, 1876, (dead). 

Jennie B., b. June 23, 1878. 

Inis, b. Jan. 26, 1880. 



UNUSUAL MOTHERS. 



401 



Sister Rainey also has 85 grandchildren and 39 great-grand- 
children. Has done some temple work ; was a teacher in the 
Relief Society for thirty years, and has done a great deal in the 
way of helping to lay away the dead, and is still a faithful mem- 
ber of the Richmond South Ward Relief Society. 

Through an oversight the photo of Mrs. Dorothea Jane 
Dennis Rainey was published in the June Magazine with the 
sketch of Mrs. Evalyn Dunn Hunsaker. We again print the photo 
with Airs. Rainey's sketch. 

GENEVA SHAW MILLER. 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

North Weber Stake. 

Geneva Shaw Miller was born February 5, 1854, in Ogden, 
Weber county, Utah. She was baptized a member of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1866. Her parents, Wil- 
liam Shaw and Diana Chase Shaw, were among the early pioneers 
of Utah. 




On October 31. 1870, she was married to Frederick O. Miller 
in Salt Lake Endowment House, and resided in the Lynne ward, 
where she served for two years as second counselor in the Pri- 
mary Association. 

In the fall of 1890, she moved to Harrisville ward, where she 
now lives. 



402 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Sister Miller is the mother of sixteen children, nine &ons and 
seven daughters, fourteen of whom are still living, a .son and a 
•daughter having passed to the great beyond. She has always 
been a devoted wife and mother and has spent a great deal of her 
time in the rearing of her family ; but with all her home ties she 
found time for her religious duties. She is an active member of 
the Relief Society. 

ROWENA m'fATK WHIPPLE, OF SHOW LOW, ARIZONA, 
MOTHER OF SIXTEEN CHILDREN. 

Mrs. Rowena McFate Whipple is the daughter of Joseph S. 
McFate and Olive E. Tenney. She was born Nov. 14, 1867, at 
Toquerville, Utah. At the age of four years she contracted rheu- 
matism, and until eight years old was unable to walk at all and 
could not go without crutches before she was nine years old. She 
has been a cripple ever since and for the last four or five years 
has had to use crutches again. Her rheumatism has also caused 
her to lose the sight of one eye. 

In January, 1884, she married Edson Whipple, and is now 
the mother of sixteen children — eleven boys and five girls — the 
last two of which were twins. The boys have been good to help 
with the house work, otherwise, she would have had a hard time 
to do her work as only two small girls are living, and she is too 
independent to take help if she can do without it. She has three 
sons now in training camps and another is likely to go soon. Since 
her marriage she has acted as counselor in the Primary presidency 
for years. She has been unable to get down to put on her own 
shoes for fifteen years or more. She now resides in Show Low, 
Arizona, and is still interested in Relief Society work and at- 
tends our Relief Society meetings frequently. 

RHODA SHEPHERD BARNEY, RIGBY STAKE. 
MOTHER OF SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. 

Rhoda Shepherd Barney, the daughter of Moses T. Shepherd 
and Mary C. Shepherd, was born in Spanish Fork, Utah, October 
25, 1865. Her mother crossed the plains, and was married to a 
Mr. Ploman first. After his death she married Mr. Shepherd. 

Rhoda married Francis M. Barney in 1880. She is the 
mother of seventeen children — ten boys and seven girls. One 
boy and one girl died in infancy. The ch'ldren were all born in 
Spanish Fork. She has 35 grandchildren. 

Brother and Sister Barney are strong and healthy and have 
had no need for a doctor's help in caring for their children. At 
the present time they live in Lewisville, Idaho. 



July Entertainments. 



MORAG 



In almost every happy home in the country, the holiday 
spirit is rife as we approach the "Glorious Fourth," and a Fourth 
of July party can be made a most picturesque and patriotic affair. 
The flag should be in evidence everywhere; decorate the house 
with bunting and flowers. A good combination would be found 
in the wild" scarlet poppies, daisies and larkspur or gentians. 
Sing the national songs ; read the Declaration of Independence ; 
renew again your pledge of allegiance to the stars and stripes; 
and write a "round robin" letter to your boy in the service, 
detailing the various events of the day. 

OnPioneer Dav. July 24, hold big family reunions ; honor the 
memory of the brave Utah pioneers : decorate with the sego lily ; 
sing the old "Mormon" hymns and our state song. "Utah, We 
Love Thee." and other Utah songs. 

Hold community celebrations of both holidays, with music, 
oration, pageantry and songs. 



A "glad party 

Decorate the rooms with gladiolus and gypsophila (baby 
breath). 

Pass cards decorated with a "glad" quotation, or a smilmg 
baby, cut from a magazine. 

' Allow ten minutes for each guest to write ten reasons, "why 
I am glad." 

Another game might be to "give the best recipe for hap- 
piness." A prize may be offered for the most original recipe. 

A "glad" game 

Ansvvcrs all to commence with "Glad." 

A girl's name (Gladys). 

An open space in the forest (Glade). 

With pleasure (Gladly). 

lovous, gay or pleased (Gladsome). 

Grand old man of England (Gladstone, William E.). 

The sword lily (Gladiolus). 

A moderate degree of joy (Gladness). 

A traveling bag (Gladstone). 

A swordsman (Gladiator). 



404 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Prizes may be a boquet of g'ladioli or a copy of Pollyanna, 
the Glad Bo^//c. 

Serve gooseberry pie with whipped cream, gingersnaps and 
grape juice. 

SUMMER VACATIONS 

The months of Jnly and August are usually vacation months. 
Every year sees many new homes built in the canyons and 
various resorts of the state, and one of the first instincts of the 
happy possessors is to invite their friends to share the new home's 
pleasure with them. It is one of the greatest compliments one 
can receive, to be invited to become a guest in another's home. 

In sending out the invitation, it is well to suggest the time 
of arrival and departure ; this can be done in a tactful, courteous 
manner, as for instance ; "Won't you give us the happiness of 
entertaining you from Thursday evening July 18, until the Sun- 
day following the twenty-fourth. There will be a lawn party on 
the 20th, a dance on one evening, a fishing trip and our com- 
munity pioneer celebration and dance. Looking forward to your 
visit, I am, etc." 

An invitation of this kind gives a guest a definite under- 
standing of the length of her visit, what entertainment she may 
expect ; and it also suggests what she will need to bring in the 
v/ay of clothes. It is in keeping with the true spirit of hospitality 
for the hostess to meet her guests at the station, or send some 
•nember of the family, if the hostess cannot go. 

The guest room should show the personal touch of the mis- 
tress of the house; the bed should be well provided with pillows and 
comfortables ; plenty of bath requisites and towels provided — 
the usual "guest" towel is painfully inadequate. 

The hours set for meals and family worship should be men- 
tioned at first and the guest will endeavor to conform as nearly 
as possible to her host's mode of living. She will give as little 
trouble as possible, keep her room in order, be punctual at meals, 
enter heartily into all the various forms of amusement oflfered 
by her hostess, .showing by her responsiveness that she is enjoying 
herself. A happy, animated guest is ample reward for all the 
hostess's pains and the extra efifort of entertainment. 

In entertaining your friend, give the best you can afford — of 
yourself, your home comforts, and your friendship. Hospitality 
has for its greatest aim the pleasure of its guests, and it "shares," 
which is perhaps its truest definition. 

When a guest returns home, she should at once dispatch a 
cordial note of thanks to her late hostess, with greetings to the 
various members of the family, expressing her appreciation of 
her friend's hospitality. 



Home Economics Department. 

SUMMER CONSERVATION WORK 
Janette A. Hyde 

We hope all our students and members understood that the 
time of the summer's lesson work would be given over to our 
pressing- labors of conservation and Red Cross activities. 

Outline and canning suggestions have been prepared for 
each stake President. The U. S. Government officials are sending 
out bulletins and supplying demonstrators for conservation of 
food, food substitutes, canning fruits, vegetables and meats, dry- 
ing fruits and vegetables, with quantities of information on 
Child Welfare and infant feeding. All of these with local con- 
ditions specialized and emphasized are in the hands of our Stake 
a:.d Ward Presidents to arrange and develope into lesson form as 
their needs and conditions may indicate. 

We give the following suggestions for summer studies in 
economy in food : 

FOOD INSTRUCTIONS 

Object — To educate the family — housewives, fathers, and 
children — in the value of foods for the body. 

1. The most necessary foods. 

2. The proper amount of foods. 

3. Foods that are the most necessary for us to spare at 
the present time. 

4. Substitutes for tho.se foods. 

5. How to make the substitutes palatable so as to take the 
place of the foods formerly used. 

Method of Presentation — By means of committees to wo ' 

out the lesson projects in the Relief Society. 

Secure literature on food substitutes and place in the hands 

of as many women as possible. 
Secure the services of good demonstrators. 
Give public and private demonstrations. 
Interest children in the use of proper foods. 
Keep in touch with newspaper and magazine articles with 

regrard to the food situation. 



406 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

CAUTIONS TO HOM*E CANNERS 

By O. H . Benson, United States Department of Agriculture. 

Professor J. C. Hogenson, of the Extension Division of the 
Utah Agricultural College, is in receipt of a .special set of home 
canning instructions prepared by O. H. Benson, of the United 
States Department of Agriculture and all societies and interested 
individuals can obtain these pointed instructions from the A. C, 
of Utah or by applying to the U. S. government for Bulletin 839. 
These instructions should be followed very carefully by all 
home canners if entire success is to be insured. 

1. Follow but one set of instructions. If you combine two it 
will lead you into difficulties and cause the loss of food 
products. 

2. The instructions are based on the use of fresh, firm, 

sound, ripe products. When canning vegetables which 
have stood in the market place over 24 hours, increase 
the time of sterilization as given in this bulletin about 
20 per cent. 
3 Do not ^egin canning large amounts. First, try out a 
few packs thoroughly and determine for yourself wheth- 
er you understand the instructions and can follow them. 

4. Use good rubbers. Most of the rubbers which are fur- 

nished with glass jars will not stand the boiling required 
for the pressure and might better be discarded and good 
rubbers procured. Rubber rings for the average stand- 
ard pint and quart jars, etc. — ^^should be 5/16 of an inch 
wide. They should be cut 12 to the inch, that is, 12 
rubber rings placed one upon the other vv^ill measure 
one inch in thickness. They should stand up under 
sterilization in boiling water or in steam under pressure 
for at least three hours without injury to the rubber. 
Good rubbers Vv^ill stretch and return promptly to place 
without changing the inside diameter. They should be 
reasonably firm and able to stand abrupt bending without 
breakage. This description does not apply to rings for 
the special types of jars on the market. 

5. Reports during the past 5 years indicate that 75% of 

the spoilage of food products in home canning is due 
to the use of poor rubbers, okl Mason tops, and defective 
joints, springs and caps. 

6. Success in home canning by the one-period cold-pack 
method depends upon a full understanding of the entire 
process. Observe especially that green vegetables should 



HOME ECONOMICS. 407 

be blanched in live steam, tubers, in hot water for not 
less than 5 minutes. Then dip them quickly in cold 
water. Pack at once in hot sterile jars and add boiling 
water. All greens, pod vegetables, green peppers, etc. 
should be added immediately, rubbers and tops put in 
place and the jars partially sealed. These steps, if prop- 
erly and quickly taken, have largely to do with the suc- 
cess of the method. Final success rests, of course, 
with the sterilization. Food products .should be 
sterilized for the period given in Farmers' Bul- 
letin 839. Read carefully all instructions with 
reference to the handling of pressure canners to avoid 
exhausting of liquids, syrups, etc. When canning in 
territory with an altitude of over 1000 feet increase 
the time given in the tables from 5 to 10 per cent for 
each additional f)00 feet in altitude. Do this without 
fail or some of the products mill be lost. 

7. In canning fruit the syrup should be prepared in a sep- 
arate vessel and jDoured over the fresh fruit, in the hot 
jar. Some food products with high acid contents, like 
cherries and plums, shrivel and shrink too much if a 
heavy syrup is used. 

8. The flavor of sweet corn and peas canned for home use 

is greatly improved by the addition of sugar instead of 
salt. 

9. In canning tomatoes be sure to scald until the skins 

crack, dip in cold water, then cut the cores out, remove 
skins, and pack at once into hot glass Jars. Use a 
wooden spoon for packing purposes and pack carefully. 
A well-ripened tomato may be placed at the top and pres- 
sed down to fill all crevices. Allow a level teaspoon ful 
of salt to the quart. Wipe ofif the joints before the 
rubber rings are placed in position. Then place the 
rubber rings and caps in position, partially tighten the 
tops, and sterilize. 

10. "Flat sour," which develops in canned vegetables, es- 
pecially with greens, asparagus, peas, and sweet corn, 
is caused by insufficient sterilization, by canning old, 
deteriorated food products, or by improper blanching 
and cold-dipping. 

11. Blanching and cold dipping all vegetables before pack- 
ing, if properly done, will not in any way injure the 
character and quality of the product. On the other 
hand, 't will remove dirt and bacteria and materially 
aid the sterilizing process. These preliminary steps 
will also make it unecessary in tin canning, to exhaust 
the products. 




Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams. 

We have taken the following from "The War Camp Com- 
mum'ty Service:" 

Church the Foundation. 

"When the War Camp Community Service of the War and 
Navy Department Commissions on Training Camp Activities 
undertook the important work of replacing for our soldiers on 
leave the influence for good which they left behind when they 
suddenly severed their home ties and were precipitated into an 
entirely new and different environment, the first task was to deter- 
mine which of these influences was the most important. The 
verdict was instantaneous and unanimous. The boys must not 
leave their religion behind. 

"One of the first steps, therefore, of the .scores of Community 
Organizers which the War Camp Community Service sent into the 
communities adjacent to our great training camps and canton- 
ments was to ascertain to what church the soldiers belonged and 
to see that they were invited to attend the local church of that 
denomination wherever one existed. 

"The effect has been little short of miraculous. Clergymen 
in these communities who formerly preached to .slender congrega- 
tions have found themselves addressing packed churches of 
serious-eyed, khaki-clad youths. In many instances the churches 
are far from large enough, and open-air meetings are held on 
Sundays both inside and outside the camps. Many youths who 
attended church frequently at home have accepted the invitation 
to go and sit and worship with 'folks that look like home folks.' " 

"The first amendment to the Constitution of the United States 
guarantees religious freedom. War Camp Community Service 
proceeds on the principle of organizing every community it enters 
as a miniature America, a little United States which alone can 
form a coherent whole, the great United States. It is an organi- 
zation of the people of the United States, and its work consists 
of every form of social service calculated to stimulate the morale 
and preserve the physical well-being of the soldiers." 

We are niore than pleased to tell our readers that in the near 



HOME ECONOMICS. 409 

camps, where the majority of our Latter-day Saint boys are, we 
have Chaplain Brigham H. Roberts and Chaplain Calvin S. Smith 
to look after the spiritual welfare of our sons. 

Children and War Food Substitutes. 

"The necessity of guarding- the food supply of your children, 
and assuring to them an abundant diet of properly selected foods, 
is assuming every day a more critical phase as the war stringency 
increases and demands for the conservation of foodstuffs become 
more urgent. A most wholesome educational movement is going 
forward among the American people in the use of different foods. 
Nature is exceedingly adaptable, and the healthy human being 
can be fed with a fair degree of success on widely varying diets. 

"But while the adult may thrive very well on substitute foods 
of various kinds and even be better ofif with some of these dietary 
changes, it is not always true that young children will profit by 
the same course. The child's dietary requirements are less flex- 
ible than are those of grown persons, and insufBcient or unsuitable 
food is likely to have serious consequences for the growing child. 

"Authorities on the subject state that there is practically no 
substitute either for milk or green vegetables in the food of the 
growing child. Milk should be given in many form& Directions 
for the use of milk in a variety of ways are contained in a bulletin 
of the Children's Bureau, which will soon be ready for distribu- 
tion and can be obtatined by writing to the Children's Bureau, 
Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. 

"In the face of the great need of conserving wheat the use of 
new cereals has become a matter of necessity. There seems to 
be no reason why such food may not be as wholesome as wheat, 
if properly cooked. Mothers may need to be warned that all 
cereals, and particularly the coarser ones, like oatmeal and corn, 
need very long cooking to be suitable for children. Therefore, it 
stands to reason that the 'quick' breads and griddle cakes, which 
have been exposed to cooking heat perhaps only a few minutes, 
will not be well digested and that all preparations of cereals 
should be subjected to long, slow cooking if they are to enter into 
tht diet of young children." 

The Women's Committee of the National Council of Defense 
of Washington, D. C, issued a call to its state chairmen for a 
National Council in Washington, May 13, 14 and 15. The call is 
for the purpose of "perfecting plans for the better co-ordination, 
co-operation and closer unity among national, state and local 
units to counsel together, to instruct, advise and to inspire each 
other for the greater and more arduous tasks which this crucial 
year of the war has laid upon us." 

We in Utah were very fortunate in having two representa- 



410 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

lives at this conference : Mrs. J. William Knight, of Prove, 
Second Vice-Chairman ; and Miss Elsa Bamberger, of Salt Lake 
City, Secretary of the Women's Committee of the State Council ; 
both officers of the Women's Committee of Utah. We feel sure 
that on their return they will have many new and progressive 
plans to present to the women of the state. 

What Your Fifty-Dollar Liberty Bond Will Do. 

It will protect 1,000 .soldiers from smallpox and 666 from 
typhoid. It will assure the safety of 139 wounded soldiers from 
lockjaw, the germs of which .swarm in Belgian soil. 

It will render painless 400 operations, supply two miles of 
bandages — enough to bandage 555 wounds. 

It will care for 160 injuries in the way of "first-aid packets." 

It will furnish adhesive plaster and surgical gauze enough to 
benefit thousands of wounded soldiers. 

Every purchaser of a Liberty loan bond performs a distinct 
individual service to his country and to our boys fighting in 
France. 



Red Cross Workers. 

By Louisa M . Johnson. 
(Marching Through Georgia.) 

We're working for our soldier boys, so valiant, brave and true, 
Soldiers in the trenches, and on the ocean, too ; 
The Red Cross chapter have enough of work for all to do, 
We are busy workers in the Red Cross. 

Hurrah, hurrah, come join our happy throng. 

Hurrah, hurrah, join in our cheerful song; 

No matter where your home may be, come help the work along, 

You willing workers in the Red Cross. 

We know there's lots of work for maids in Italy and France, 
A nursing of our Sammies who have fallen on mischance, 
But other women stay at home, their comfort to enhance. 
And they are working for the Red Cross. 

Hurrah, hurrah, there's plenty here to do. 

Hurrah, hurrah, you'll find out this is true. 

No matter where your home may be, there's work for aU to do, 

You willing: workers in the Red Cross. 




By Amy Brown Lyman. 

St. George Stake. ^ ,• r 

At the request of the Stake Presidency, the Ward Rehet 
Society choirs in the St. Georg-e stake have for some time past 
furnished the singing at the fast services held each month. 

In Memoriam. 

In the passing of Mrs. Harriet Eden, of Eden ward, Emery 
stake, Mrs. Fannie E. Moyle, of the Alpine stake, and Mrs. Ellen 
K. Christensen of Bear River City, of Box Elder stake, the Relief 
Society has lost three faithful and devoted workers. 

Emerv Stake. 

In the passing of Mrs. Harriet Eden, of Eden ward, Emery 
has passed away. She was the first secretary of the Eden ward 
Relief Society, and held this position until her health failed her. 
Mrs. Eden was the mother of eleven children, and at the time of 
her death, she had eighteen grandchildren, and four great-grand- 
children. 

Alpine Stake. 

On February 8, 1918, Mrs. Fannie E. Moyle, one of the ac- 
tive Relief Society workers of the Alpine stake, passed away. 
Mrs. Moyle was a woman of high and lofty ideals, wise in 
counsel, careful in judgment, and was a courageous worker in 
the cause of truth. Her example has been an inspiration to the 
Alpine Relief Society, where she has long and faithfully labored. 

Oneida Stake. 

The Relief Societies in the Oneida stake have been very 
active during the past year in Red Cross work, and although they 
have done an immense amount of work, they report that their 
Red Cross activities have not interfered in any way with the 
regular work of the ward societies. 

The Relief Societies of the Oneida stake conducted their Red 
Cross drive in Franklin county. Two thousand dollars was ap- 
portioned to the county, and $2,355.07 was collected, $1,700 of 
which was collected in five days. Responding to an emergency 
call for hospital supplies, the Relief Societies made up 1,200 pil- 



412 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

lows, valued at $900, paying $48.42 for shipment for same. Thirty 
Christmas boxes for the soldier boys at a cost of $45 were sent 
to Camp Lewis. From a dance and musical entertainment 
$242.42 was raised. 

This stake was also interested in the last Liberty Loan cam- 
paign. The Stake Board and fourteen of the wards purchased 
each a $50 Liberty Bond, amounting in all $750. 

Liberty Stake. 

The Liberty stake Relief Society has accomplished a great 
deal for the Red Cross during the month of February. They 
have made 368 bandages, 153 bed shirts, 21 pajama suits, 175 
towels, and have knitted 29 sweaters and 275 pairs of socks. One 
day a week, this stake sends workers to the Red Cross gauze 
room ; they average thirty-five women each day. One day re- 
cently fifty women made 935 surgical dressings. The women of 
this stake will work in the future every Friday in the gauze rooms 
at the Newhouse Hotel. 

South Sanpete Stake. 

The preparation and care of genealogical records, and the 
active service in Temple work are receiving greater attention in 
the South Sanpete stake than ever before, due, in a measure, to 
the efforts of the Relief Society. 

In the last Liberty Loan campaign, the South Sanpete stake 
Relief Society purchased Liberty Bonds as follows : 

Ephraim North Ward $100.00 

Ephraim South Ward 200.00 

Manti North Ward 150.00 

Manti South Ward 100.00 

. Sterling Ward 50.00 

MayfieW 50.00 

Centerfleld 50.00 

Total $700.00 

Tlntic Stake. 

The Stake Board recently conducted a fruit sale at Eureka, 
and with the proceeds purchased a Liberty Bond and 500 copies 
of PVar Time Cook Book published by the Utah Stake Relief 
Society. The fruit sold was the surplus of the fruit conserved last 
summer. 

Snowflakc Stake. 

The women of the Snowflakc Stake last year succeeded in 
collecting 1,009 pounds of beans, most of the women donating ten 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 413 

pounds each. As not much wheat is raised in that section, the 
women felt that a supply of good old Arizona beans would be 
worth while: 40,275 quarts of fruit was conserved for family 
use. 

St. Joseph Stake. 

We are very pleased to publish the following very interest- 
ing letter from Airs. Josephine C. Kimball, President of the St. 
Joseph Stake Relief Society, believing that other stakes may be 
able to get some valuable suggestions from it : 

"Since our recent re-organization, we have held Relief So- 
ciety conferences in all of the sixteen wards of the St. Joseph 
Stake. Carrying out suggestions of the Stake Presidency, the 
sessions were held on the regular meeting day — Tuesday. 

''To all the wards was previously sent a letter of instruction. 
and a suggestive program, which proved of material assistance 
to the local presidents. For the smaller wards, we divided the 
members of the Stake Board, and held three conferences in one 
day, on two occasions ; but for the larger wards, the whole Board 
attended in a body. 

'"The lessons — Genealogy, Theolog)- and Home Economics — 
were given on the regular day by the class leader, with explan- 
ations and help from one of the Board members, so that no lesson 
was interfered with, and no deviation from the established order 
was made. Besides this, there were other features, both in.struc- 
tive and entertaining. 

"Without an exception, one member or all of the Stake 
Presidency, Bishopric, or High Council met with us in Con- 
ference, which aided and strengthened us, and gave greater zest 
to our meetings. 

"There was. throughout, a very good attendance of the sis- 
ters. In one ward they have ninety enrolled and seventy-two 
were present, -which was the best average we had. Many who 
would have been there were kept at home through sickness, or a 
fear of it, as we have had, and are still threatened with, an empi- 
demic of smallpox. But a warm, kindly feeling pervaded each 
meeting, and we feel sure that an added interest is established all 
through the stake in regard to Relief Society work. The sisters 
served light refreshments between our business and general meet- 
ing, and it had the efifect of our getting better acquainted and a 
more sociable and "homey" feeling among us. Our meetings re- 
sembled reunions or home-comings, and I believe every sisters 
present felt built up and strengthened in this great work of the 
Lord. 

"We have reported, nine hundred eight members, and have 



414 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

given ourselves one year to make up a thousand, or until our 
next report is due. 

"Our Red Cross work is in better shape than it has ever 
been. We now have the Mt. Graham Chapter, headquarters at 
the county seat, Safford, but previously all our work has had to 
be sent to the Globe Chapter, which was attended with some lit- 
tle difficulty. The officers of this — the Mt. Graham Chapter — 
include one of the Stake Presidency, one of the presidency of the 
Relief Society, and one of the presidents of the Y. L. M. I. A. 
Each Bishop's ward in its completeness is made an Auxiliary, the 
chairman of which is one of the Bishopric, vice-chairman one of 
the presidency of the Relief Society, also vice-chairman one of 
the Y. L. M. I. A. Each Church auxiliary participating keeps a 
Church record of its activities. As a stake we have done a great 
deal of work, every woman in the stake being anxious to do not 
her bit, but her utmost." 

The program arranged by the Stake President for the ward 
conferences follows : 

BUSINESS MEETING. 

12 :30 p. m. 

Arranging Corps of Teachers and Officers 

Talk, "Teachers' Work" Stake Officer 

Talk, "Annual Fees and New Members" Stake Officer 

General Instructions 

GENERAL CONFERENCE. 

2 :00 p. m. 

Opening Exercises 

Greetings Ward Counselor 

Report of Ward Activities Local President 

Sustaining Stake and Ward Officers Secretary 

The Lesson Class Leader 

Suggestions by Stake Board Member 

General Remarks Stake President or Board Member 

Remarks by Visiting Brethren 
Closing Exercises 

Original Organization of Relief Society. 

"America's First Woman's Organization" is the title of an 
article published in one of the Illinois newspapers under the name 
of Mr. J. Frank Pickering. In this article the story is told of the 
organization of the National Woman's Relief Society in Nauvoo, 
Illinois, on March 17, 1842. A list of the first officers is given 
and also the aims and purposes of the organization. A quaint pic- 
ture appears with the article showing the original eighteen mem- 
bers of the Relief Society dressed in old-fashioned full skirts, 



NOTES FROM THE FIELD. 415 

wearing shawls and shakers, and sitting aronnd the table at which 
the president stands in the act of presiding. Three men are fea- 
tured in the picture, representing the Prophet Joseph Smith, John 
Taylor and Willard Richards. 

Benson Stake. 

In the Benson Stake during 1917 in practically every ward, 
statistics show that the teachers' visits were 100 per cent. 

Relief Society School of Obstetrics and Nursing. 

The commencement exercises of the Relief Society School of 
Obstetrics and Nursing were held on Wednesday, Alay 22, 1918, 
in the parlors of the Relief Society at General Headquarters, with 
Counselor Clarissa S. Williams chairman of the evening. The 
roooms were filled with the relatives and friends of the class. 
The following very interesting program was given : 

Hymn 

Opening Prayer Richard R. Lyman 

Soprano Solo (Selected) Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward 

Accompanied by Prof. J. J. McClellan 

Address to the Graduates . . '. Dr. John Z. Brown 

Introduction of the Graduates Dr. Margaret C. Roberts 

"Our Duty to Humanity" Miss Priscilla Layton 

Conferring of Certificates to Graduates. Pres. Emmeline B. Wells 

Closing Address Mrs. Clarissa S. Williams 

Benediction W. N. Williams 

A pretty feature of the evening was the presentation of a 
handsome bouquet to Dr. Roberts from the members of the class. 
Following the program a reception was held in the parlors where 
light refreshments were served. 

The number graduating this year was eighteen ; eight of this 
number took the examination in obstetrics given under the direc- 
tion of the State Board of Health, and all of them passed suc- 
cessfully. Fifteen students completed the course in nursing, five 
of this number being students who took both courses and passed 
both examinations successfully. Following is a list of the grad- 
uates : 

OBSTETRICS. 

Stella Stephens Salt Lake City 

Louise Taylor. Salt Lake City 

Mattie G. Smith Salt Lake City 

Kittie Craig Idaho Falls, Idaho 

Vivian Proband Salt Lake City 

Hazel Lewis Richmond, Utah 

Julia Purser Lorna, Colorado 

Elizabeth Gibb Alberta, Canada 



416 RFJJRF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

PRACTICAL NURSING. 

Edna Anderson Oak City. Utah 

Leona Bovven Salt Lake City 

Kittie Craii^' Idaho Falls. Idaho 

Olive Gedge Salt Lake City 

Rachel Gurney Lehi, Utah 

Jennie Larsen Manti. Utah 

Priscilla Layton Thatcher. Arizona 

Hazel Lewis Richmond. L'tah 

Florence Lyman Salt Lake City 

Mary Parker Salt Lake City 

Hettie Sainsbury Bountiful. Utah 

Mattie G. Smith Salt Lake City 

Stella Stephens Salt Lake City 

Louise Taylor Salt Lake City 

Eva Wayman Murray, LUah 

OBSTETRICS AND NURSING. 

Stella Stephens Salt Lake City 

Louise Taylor Salt Lake City 

Mattie G. Smith Salt Lake City 

Kittie Craig Idaho Falls, Idaho 

Hazel Lewis Richmond, LHah 

Tahitian Mission.. . . 

To raise money for Relief Society purposes, the women in 
the Tahitian Mission have conceived the idea of donating cocoa- 
nuts to the Society, each member volunteering to give an allotted 
number of cocoanuts each week. In the Takaroa Branch $30.00 
has recently been raised by this unique method and has been 
donated to the Taenga and Hekuern branches to assist in paying 
for their new chapels under construction. 

i 
Star Valley Stake. 

The Stake Relief Society recently gave a ''get-acquainted" 
])arty in the ward hall at Afton, Wyoming, when more than four 
hundred people were in attendance. The exercises consisted of a 
])rogram which began with an address of welcome by the presi- 
dent, Mrs. Martha H. Roberts, a dinner, a dancing party at night. 
Around the hall were placed placards telling of the various Relief 
Society activities. 

The aged people of the ward were especially invited guests 
of the Relief Society. A committee consisting of two gentlemen 
was appointed to escort them to and from the party. A cozy cor- 
ner was arranged for their convenience with rugs and easy chairs. 



Current Topics. 

By James H. Anderson 

Germany, while talking- peace, is preparing to carry the war 
over into 1919. 



Wool prices have been fixed by the Government at the mar- 
ket rates prevailing July 1, 1917. 



The Pullman car service in the United States has been 
taken over by the Government. 



The Third Liberty Loan in the United States was taken by 
upwards of 17,000,000 subscribers. 



Tlie Scandinavian countries are suffering greatly from 
lack of food, with a prospect of worse conditions ahead. 



Turkey, while losing in Asia, is being given additional terri- 
cory in European Russia — the Crimea — by German diplomacy. 



Jews are now being persecuted wrose than ever in those 
Russian districts where Germany is obtaining control. 



Nearly a million American troops are now in France, and 
the million mark is expected to be passed by July 1st. 



Tax valuations in LUah have gone up in 1918. by the action 
of tax officials, but the actual value of property has gone down. 



Mesopotamia was the scene of further advances of British 
troops during May. but the Turks have driven the Russians back. 



Chemical works at Oakdale. Pa., were blown up in May, 
with a loss of 200 lives. Highly explosive acid was the cause. 



In Switzerl7\nd, war conditions are so severe that there 
are few, if any. families who can obtain sufficient food for present 
needs. 



Coal prices in the LTnited States are being kept level, so the 
people can provide for next winter, which may be more severe 
than the last. 



418 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

Wheat and flour to the amount of 100,000 bushels, held by 
the Rehef Societies in Utah, have been turned over to the Gov- 
ernment. 



New Draft legislation requires all young men in the United 
States coming to twenty-one years of age on June 1 of each year 
to register for military service. 



"Work or fight" is the policy adopted by military officials 
in Washington for all young men coming within the draft age; 
the idler in common life is to be eliminated. 



American SHiPBUiLniNC has been greatly accelerated dur- 
ing the past three months, and new ships are being turned into 
active service with marvelous rapidity. 



Belgian troops to the number of about 400, who have been 
fighting in Russia, were welcomed to Salt Lake City on May 22, 
en route to the western battle front in Belgium. 



The Red Cro.ss request in May, for another $100,000,000, 
was readily responded to, the Rocky Mountain States being 
among those who over-subscribed their quota. 



Ostend, a German submarine base in Belgium, was closed 
by a heroic British expedition in May, through the sinking at the 
mouth of the harbor of a vessel loaded with concrete. 



The equal suffrage amendment to the national Constitu- 
tion, which was to have been passed on by the United States 
Senate in May, has been laid over for the present. 



Equal sltffrage propositions have been defeated in Prussia 
on the ground that they would destroy the present Prussian form 
of government — another argument in favor of woman sufifrage. 



Food conservation and production is more a necessity for the 
United States than at any time in its past history. The women 
are relied \\\)0\\ to achieve the best results in meeting this need. 



In Palestine, during May. the British established them- 
selves more firmly on the line north of Jerusalem, and have done 
much to im])rovc sanitary and traveling conditions in and around 
the holy city. 



CURRENT TOPICS. 419 

The trial of I. W. W. members in Chicago in May shows 
conclusively the traitorous nature of that and kindred organiza- 
tions, with which the Government, as it now recognizes, must 
deal severely. 

Aerial fighting has been a vast and important feature of 
the war during :Mav. More than 1000 German airplanes were 
shot down in April'and May, while the Entente Allies lost less 
than half that number. 



The English cruiser Moldavia was torpedoed and sunk in 
the English channel on Mav 24. fifty-three American lives being 
lost. Two of the killed were Utah boys. Willard A. Brown of 
Hovtsville. and Thaddeus Hodges of Mount Carmel. 



The Sinn Fein revolt in Ireland, planned for early in June, 
was checked in May. by the arrest of its leaders. The revolt 
was largely promoted by Irishmen in America : the leader of the 
society was born in New York, the son of a Spanish father and 
Irish mother. 



German aerial raids on hospitals behind the British lines 
in France caused the death of more than 100 nurses on May 22. 
The Entente Allies do not bombard hospitals, but during May 
inflicted material damage on military establishments and muni- 
tions factories in Germanv. 



Eugenics is to have intensive application in Germany ac- 
cording to present government plans there. The idea is to re- 
quire all able-bodied men to marry before they are twenty years 
of age: then, in a score of years or so. when their wives cease 
bearing children, these wives are to be taken care of by the 
state and the men are to marry young women, while wives who 
have no children are to become wards of the state and their 
husbands to marr}- others. By this means it is expected to in- 
crease the German population from five to seven times within half 
a century, while other nationalities fall behind under present 
social conditions. 



EDITORIAL 



r.ntered as second-class matter at the Post Office. Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Motto — Charity Never Faileth 
THE GENERAL BOARD 

Mrs. Emmeline B. Wells President 

Mas. Clarissa S. Williams First Counselor 

Mrs. Julina L. Smith Second Counselor 

Mrs. Amy Brown Lyman General Secretary 

Mrs. Susa Young Gates Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Emma A. Empey Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Jenne Cannon Mrs. Carrie S. Thomas Miss Sarah McLelland 

Dr. Romania B. Penrose Mrs. Elizabeth S. Wilcox Mrs. Elizabeth C. Crismon 

Mri. Emily S. Richards Mrs. Rebecca Niebaur Nibley Mrs. Janette A. Hyde 

Mr«. Julia P. M. Farnsworth Mrs. Elizabeth C. McCune Miss Sarah Eddington 
Mrs. Phoebe Y. Beatie Miss Edna May Davis Miss Lillian Cameron 

Mrs. Ida S. Dusenberry 

Mrs. Lizzie Thomas Edward, Music Director 
Miss Edna Coray, Organist 

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE 

Editor SusA Young Gates 

Business Manager Janette A. Hyde 

Assistant Manager Amy Brown Lyman 

Room 29, Bishop's Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Vol. V. July, 1918. No. 7 



IN THE WORLD— NOT OF THE WORLD 

When the Lord Jesus Chri.st. just prior to His 
Not of the departure for Gethsemane, offered up prayer 
World. f(^r his twelve apostles he used these significant 

words : "I pray for them ; I pray not for the 
world, but for them which thou hast given me ; for they are thine. 
:i: * t. ^j.,^1 ^y^^ J ^jj^ j^Q more in the world, but these are in 
the v/orkl, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine 
own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one 
as we are. * * * I pray not that thou shouldst tnki: them 
out of the world, but that thou shouldst keep them from the evil. 
They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. Sanc- 
tify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. As thou hast 
sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 
And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be 
sanctified through the truth. Neither pray I for these alone, but 
for them also which shall believe on me through their word." (John 
18:9,11,20.) The Master clearly recognized the fact that those 
who bear His name are not as the world. They do not speak nor 
act as the world do, and in this difference lies largely the antag- 
onism of the world to the former and Latter-day Saints. This 
is a fundamental principle of the gospel, and our sisters who lead 
out in the various communities as officer.s of this Society should 
understand the operation of this principle. 



EDITORIAL. 421 

Questions have been raised as to onr Relief So- 
What Shall ciety sisters joining with Red Cross activities in 
We Do? the various units w^here tea and coffee may be 

served and where raffling is indulged in. The 
universal answer to such questions is the statement that such 
things are forbidden by the Lord through His servants and, there- 
fore, this Society cannot enter into them in any degree. We 
quote from President Joseph F. Smith's editorial in the Improvc- 
mciit Era, Vol. 6, as follows : 

"Raffling is a game of chance, and hence leads to gambling; 
for that reason, if for no other, it should not be encouraged 
among the young men of the Church. President Young declared 
raffling to be a modified name of gambling ; said that as Latter- 
day Saints we cannot afford to sacrifice moral principles to finan- 
cial gain, and advised the sisters through the JVoman's Exponent 
not to raffle. President Lorenzo Snow endorsed and approved 
of these sentiments ; President Joseph F. Smith has also expressed 
his unqualified disapproval of raffling ; the General Sunday School 
Board have declared against it ; and finally the state law makes 
it unlawful to raffle with dice ; and if it is unlawful with dice, in 
principle, is it not just as illegal with any other device? With 
all these objections, should it not be clear to anyone that raffling- 
horses, quilts, bicycles and other property is not sanctioned by the 
moral law nor approved by the general Church authorities." 

The principles of the gospel are always founded 
The Wise upon law, but our individual application of the 
Course. law is quite another thing ; some of our people 

think it is all right to be a little lax in keeping 
holy the Sabbath day or in the observance of the Word of Wis- 
dom, or in this question of raffling, for one reason or another ; 
and if they can satisify their own consciences in such matters, 
that is entirely between them and their God. We have no right 
whatever to interfere with an individual's belief, or his application 
of principle. All that the general authorities of this Society may 
do is to state facts, explain or expound the laws ot the gospel as 
applied to the conduct of our Relief Society affairs, and the results 
are entirely with those who receive these instructions. It is true 
that we are now very much mixed up in our relation with the out- 
side world, in all this war work, and individuals may find it 
necessary from time to time to permit themselves to act upon 
more license than they would do if they were associated strictly 
with our own people. Personally, I cannot agree with such 
license. It would seem the mo.st wonderful opportunity in the 
world to proclaim our principles though word and action and 
thus convince, if not convert, our non-believing associates to the 



422 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

value and divine importance of the principles revealed through the 
Prophet Joseph Smith to the modern world. We would not 
want our boys to give comfort or countenance to the enemy over 
in the trenches, nor would we have them allow false motives of 
sympathy and personal humanity to prevent them from firing their 
guns straight at the enemy, leaving the results with the God of 
battle. Principle is one thing, yet our individual loyalty and in- 
tegrity is always measured by our characters and our environ- 
ments. So far as this Society is concerned, we shall abide by the 
rules and laws of the Church. In no other way can we succeed 
as individuals, or as a Society. 

We are pleased to add the following letter from Washington, 
D. C, on this subject: 

"red cross officials disapprove of raffles. 

"April 30, 1918. 
"Mr. John W. Morey, Manager Mountain Division. 

"National headquarters have been asked to define definitely 
the attitude of the Red Cross toward raising funds by means of 
lotteries, raffles, and any other form of appeal which involves in 
any way the question of gambling. 

"We wish to state that national headquarters definitely op- 
poses any games, lotteries, raffles, or any other form of appeal 
which possesses gambling features. This form of gambling is 
contrary to the laws of many of the states. 

"We believe that the appeal of the Red Cross is so great, and 
that the people of the country are so anxious to have it fulfil its 
obligations as interpreter of the nation's sentiments that it is un- 
necessary for any community to have to resort to such methods 
to raise funds. 

"We have asked for a ruling on this subject by several of the 
division managers and give it to you for your information and 
for use wherever it may be necessary. 

"G. E. Scott, 
"Assistant General Manager." 



"LOVE AND THE LIGHT." 

In Apostle Orson F. Whitney's recent poem, once more 
Utah's poet laureate presents to his countless admirers a charming- 
poetic idyl wihich he calls "Love and the Light." Rich in musical 
concept, colorful in phrase, measured and stately in form, the 
lovely story unfolds before the enthralled imagination, yet with 
all its charms and beauties nothing is so glorious about it as the 
undercurrent of spiritual truth and inspired testimony which in- 
forms every page. The book is beautifully presented through the 
Deseret News, publishers, and is illustrated with suggestive pen. 
We commend this for both study and pleas.ure to all our readers. 



POEMS BY DR. JAMES L. HUGHES. 

Dr. James L. Hughes, long-time philosopher and educator 
of Toronto, Canada, famous in his own country as author and 
publicist, has now devoted the remainder of his busy life to the 
exercise of his delightful and touching poetic gifts. Two books, 
"Songs of Gladness and Growth," and "Stories and Musings," 
will reach the day-spring of every sensitive heart. Scarce an emo- 
tion or an aspiration which is not here voiced, while the exquisite 
poetic dedication to ihis handsome soldier son, Chester Hughes, 
wrings tears from the coldest eyes. "His life-story began in 
Toronto, Canada, March 31, 1888, and ended in Belgium, No- 
vember 15, 1915," so says the monograph, while the closing illus- 
tration marks the grave of the youthful hero, "Somewhere in 
France." 

Dr. Hughes has a host of admirers in Utah and none of his 
friends is more touched over his own consecrated attitude to life 
and life's present terrific struggle than is the Editor of this little 
Magacine, 

SusA Young Gates. 



EXCHANGE BUREAU 

Mrs. Rebecca C. Allen of Hyrum, Utah, has some very 
good dried apples for sale at $.15 a pound. Orders should be 
sent directly to Mrs. Allen. 

Mrs. K. Deen Reynolds, Tropic, LTtah, is anxious to know 
vhere she can sell crocheted yokes, colors, etc. For information, 
write Mrs. Reynolds. 

: Mrs. A. C. Hansen, Boulder, Utah, has 700 lbs. of liicern 
seed at $.15 a pound; mailing expense extra. 



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Summer School 

First Term, June 10-July 19 

Second Term, July 22-Augn&t 30, 1918 

Students may enter for six or tivelve \ireeks 

Logan has an ideal climate for study and recreatiou. 

Exceptional opportunities are offered to students in: 

HOME ECONOMICS, which is under the direction this year of Professor 
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Miss Ravenhill delivers a course of lectures on Physical Development in 
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TRAINING COURSES IN MUSIC for supervisors and teachers of music. 

COURSES IN ART designed to prepare teachers to interpret successfully 
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OTHER COURSES OF INSTRUCTION: Accounting, Agriculture, Bo- 
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REUffSOCIElY^ 







AUGUST, 1918 



Jerusalem, my glorious home. 

Name ever dear to me. 
When shall my labors have an end — 

When I thy joys shall see? 
Oh, through the cities of our God 

Shall I thy courts ascend — 
When congregations ne'er break up 

And Sabbaths never end. 
Then happier bovvers than Eden's bloom. 

No sin, no sorrows know. 
Blest spot, through rude and stormy seas, 

I onward press to you. 
Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 

Name ever dear to me. 
Why should I shrink at pain, 

Or feel at death dismayed. 
With Canaan's goodly land in view 

And realms of endless days? 
My soul still pants, my soul still pants. 

My soul still pants for thee. 
Then shall my labors have an end' ' 

When I thy joys shall see. 

Old Anthem. 




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The Relief Society Magazine 

Owned and Published by the General Board of the Relief Society of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

CONTENTS 

AUGUST, 1918. 

Chart of Solomon's Temple 423 

The Temple in Jerusalem Frontispiece 

Jerusalem Restored Jas. H. Anderson 425 

The Temple in Jerusalem Susa Young Gates 427 

Little Blue Flowers (Poem) Maud Baggarley 434 

Jerusalem, the City of Cities. A Romance of Today 

Lula Greene Richards 435 

Apostrophe to Jerusalem Eliza R. Snow 439 

A Prayer for the Nations Annie G. Lauritzen 441 

Child Welfare Problems Lucy Wright Snow 442 

Home Entertainments 445 

Patriotic Department Clarissa S. Williams 446 

Home Economics Department Janette A. Hyde 453 

Notes from the Field Amy Brown Lyman 456 

Current Topics Jas. H. Anderson 463 

Unusual Mothers 465 

Editorial : The Return of the Jews 469 

Guide Lessons 471 



ADVERTISERS* DIRECTORY. 

Patronize those who advertise, with us. 
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OF UTAH, Logan. 
AMUNDSON STUDIO, Salt Lake City. 
BAILY & SONS FLORAL DEPT., Salt Lake City. 
BILLINGS MERCANTILE ASSN., Salt Lake City. 
DAYNES-BEEBE MUSIC CO., 45 Main St., Salt Lake City. 
DESERET NEWS BOOK STORE, Books, and Stationery, Salt Lake City. 
DESERET SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION BOOK STORE, 44 East South 

Temple St., Salt Lake City. 
EARDLEY BROTHERS CO., Everything for Electricity, Salt Lake Citv. 
FLEISHMAN YEAST CO., Salt Lake City. 
GREENHALGH REMEDY CO. Salt Lake City. 

KEELEY ICE CREAM CO., 55 Main, 260 State Streets, Salt Lake City. 
MODEL KNITTING WORKS, 657 Iverson St., Salt Lake City. 
SALT LAKE KNITTING STORE, 70 S. Main. 

SANDERS, MRS. EMMA J., Florist, 278 So. Main St., Salt Lake City. 
THOMAS STUDIO, Photographs, 44 Main Street, Salt Lake City. 
TAYLOR, S. M. & CO., Undertakers, 251-257 E. First So. St., Salt Lake City. 
UTAH STATE NATIONAL BANK, Salt Lake City. 
Z. C. M. I., Salt Laks City. 



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Price $2.00 

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The Book Store of Salt Lake City 
44 East on South Temple Street 



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L. D. S. Garments 

1918 — Fan aiul Winter Price-list — 1918 

This list cancels all previous quotations 
M31 Light wt., unbleached cotton. $1.40 
M32 Lig-ht wt., bleached cotton... 1.50 
M33 Medium wt., unbleached cotton 1.75 
M34 Medium wt., bleached cotton. 1.85 
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M36 Heavy wt., bleached cotton.. 2.30 
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This Faulkner Chart represents tiie supposed Temple Enclosure: A, Outer wall; 
G, Solomon's porch; H, Court of the Gentiles; g. Court where fire was constantly pre- 
served; i, Court where lambs were kept for daily sacrifices; 1, The Beautiful Gate; 2, 
Court of the women; 6, Court where the lepers were examined; 8. Four chests for re- 
ceiving gifts; 11, Ten golden candlesticks; 12, Two chests where were paid the yearly 
tax; 19, Court of the priests; 20, Priests with silver trumpet and incense; 21, Brazen 
altar of burnt offerings; 22, The brazen laver; 23, Tables on which were golden vessels; 
24, Ten tables; 34, Holy place of the temple; 37, Golden altar of incense; 39, Holy of 
holies; 40, Golden ark of the covenant; 42, The vail; 43, Additional buildings for the 
use of the priests; 44, A passageway around temple for the priests. 



THE 



Relief Society Magazine 



Vol. V. AUGUST, 1918. No. 8. 



Jerusalem Restored. 

By James H. Anderson. 

"The Gentile fulness now comes in, 

And Israel's blessings are at hand; 
Lo! Judah's remnant, cleansed from sin, 

Shall in their promised Canaan stand." 

Judah to return to his homeland ! 

Not in all the centuries of the Christian era until now has 
there been such a thrill of certainty of that coming event, close 
at hand, as awakens the Jewish heart in every land and clime. 
Not only with the Jew, but with the professed, and even non- 
professed. Christian in every civilized nation not fully dominated 
by the present German dynasties there rests the conviction of 
this soon-to-be-accomplished event; how the sentiment is in Ger- 
many and Austria may not be definitely ascertainable in existing 
circumstances, but from pre-war conditions there it may be in- 
ferred that on this one feature the Jewish heart beats in unison 
the world over. 

It is a wonderful change in the aspect of affairs, dating from 
December 9, 1917, when was flashed to the continents of Europe 
and America news that the Gentile Turk had been forced from 
the Judean capital. 

Before then, "Zionism" was a term covering notable efforts 
of leading Jewish philanthropists to gather many of their race 
into Palestine, in hope of improving the condition largely of those 
who were suffering persecution and ostracism in certain nations ; 
but despite the strength of wealth and diplomacy enlisted in that 
movement, results were so meagre as to be classed only as defeats. 
In such nations of Europe and America as the Jews were pros- 
perous, not only was there little desire for, but there really was 
an aversion to, Palestine as a homeland for Judah. 



426 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

This is all chang-ed ; even the Jew who has no desire person- 
ally to remove from his present scene of prosperity, or who has 
forgotten for the time the promises and predictions of the ancient 
seers of his race, now is giving of his wealth and energy to make 
of "Zionism" a term synonymous with national Judaism in the 
land of his fathers. So noticeably emphatic and unanimous is 
the present trend in this direction, in contrast with conditions of 
only a year ago, that it seems almost as if a Judean nation had 
been "born in a day" as to this sentiment. 

When, at the close of December, 1917, the German chancel- 
lor made his much-heralded Christmas "peace offer," there was in 
it a clause that "Turkey must remain intact," which is that Jeru- 
salem was to go back to where it had been for four centuries — 
to the Gentile Turk. The instant response, coming to the world 
with the light of the next morning after the statement of the Ger- 
man chancellor, was from the premier of Great Britain, whose 
troops had occupied Jerusalem but twenty days before : "What- 
ever may be agreed upon at the close of this war, Palestine never 
will be relinquished to Turkey!" And all the entente allies have 
set their teeth on that as a now undebatable issue. 

Hence, it is Palestine for Judah's homeland, although it may 
take months or even years to clear the way ; the predictions of 
Jehovah's inspired servants are in due process of fulfilment. 

Yet, let us remember that the gathering of all Israel is one 
great achievement for the latter days, although there may be 
therein several epochs; the prophetic word is that God "shall 
assemble the outcasts of Israel" as well as "gather together the 
dispersed of Judah" — Ephraim "and the house of Israel his com- 
panions." Both are to be gathered in this dispensation. The 
first epoch in the great achievement is with Ephraim at the "com- 
ing in" of the "times of the Gentiles" with the restoration of the 
Gospel ; the second epoch is with Judah at the "Gentile fulness" 
of times named in the stanza quoted ; the succeeding epochs are 
with the "lost tribes" and connected events yet future. 

As the calling out of Ephraim to the promised land of Amer- 
ica has been going on for four score years, and as the leading of 
Judah to the promised land of Palestine now draws near, so the 
bringing oi the "lost tribes" approaches, all with the directing 
force of an irresistible Power ; Judah returning to old Jerusalem 
in Palestine, and the other tribes assembling at the new Jerusa- 
lem in America. The certainty of the one is the certain assur- 
ance of the other, in preparation for the time when Christ shall 
come to reign on earth as Lord of lords and King of kings. 



The Temple in Jerusalem. 

Susa Young Gates. 

In connection with the wonderful developments now going 
forward in Jerusalem our people are intensely interested in the re- 
building of Solomon's temple. As a matter of fact no one knows 
at the present day the complete details of that once glorious 
structure. Details are given in the Bible with considerable 
clearness in I and II Chronicles and I Kings. But the 
Temple was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B. C, and 
rebuilt 70 years later through Cyrus and Darius who sent Ezra 
and Nehemiah to rebuild their revered temple. This was in the 
year B. C. 522. Again the temple was destroyed by Antiochus, 
about B. C. 162, and again rebuilt by Herod in a far more elab- 
orate fashion, its completion scarcely accomplished during the 
Savior's life. Forty years after the Savior's crucifixion, the 
whole structure was destroyed by Titus, "Not one stone left 
upon another." In later centuries the Gentile Turk built his 
mosque upon the sacred site, which remains to this day. 

Solomon's Temple crowned the hightest point of Mt. Moriah 
and was a very small building compared with the temples in which 
the Latter-day Saints worship. Jerusalem itself is built upon 
hills, and Mt. Moriah was a hilly place across the gulch from the 
old city of Jerusalem where David ofiFered sacrifices after he saw 
the angel of the Lord standing upon the sacred rock. This spot 
of ground belonged to one of the original owners of Jerusalem, 
an old Jebusite named Araunah who gave David the holy site 
over which the •angel had lingered. This Jebusite chieftain not 
only offered David the land as a free gift but added oxen and im- 
plements with which to offer a burnt offering. David refused 
to accept the free gift and paid 600 shekels o'f gold for the 
ground and 50 shekels for the oxen. He built an altar to 
Jehovah on the rock where the angel had rested and offered 
burnt offerings and peace offerings and then dedicated the spot 
to Jehovah, for it was here he saw the angel of the Lord. The 
rock upon which the offering was made is considered the most 
holy spot in all Jerusalem and the rock is about the only rem- 
nant left of the original temple. Upon this rock in later centuries 
the Turks have built one of their own sacred houses named The 
Mosque of Omar. (See cut.) This Mosque is lavishily decorated 
and a view of the rock within the interior of the Mosque we al- 
so present to our readers. The rock measures 40 by 50 feet and 
presents an oblong, uneven surface surrounded by a railing- 



428 



RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 






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© Underwood & Underwood, New York 

MOSQUE OF OMAR BUILT OVER THE SACRED ROCK OF SOLOMOn's 
TEMPLE SITE. 

it has been viewed by tens of millions of pilgrims of all lands and 
races. Apostle Orson Hyde, President Lorenzo Snow, his sister, 
Eliza R. Snow, and President George A. Smith, and in later years, 
President Anthon H Limd have all stood upon this .sacred spot and 
viewed the stone, which stands as a memorial of mercies of God to 
David and to Solomon and which alone remained after the de- 
struction of the great temple following the crucifixion of the 
Master. 

We are presenting as our frontispiece a picture of Herod's 
Temple prepared by experts who have studied the Bible thor- 
oughly and who had a picture made which as nearly as possible 
presents the original scheme of the Temple. Although the 
Temple was rebuilt after Solomon's death by Ezra and Nehemiah 
and later by Herod, the original plan was followed it is supposed 
by the builders ; there were differences, it is true, but not essential 
ones. An immense retaining wall was first built around the 



THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM. 



429 




THE SACRED ROCK. 



east, south and western sides of the hill. This retaining wall has 
also been largely destroyed, although there is one section of the 
mammoth structure still left, and it is against this ancient seg- 
ment of the temple wall that the Jews have gathered period- 
ically all down the centuries to wail and pray for the rebuilding 
of the sacred temple and city. This bit of wall is called, "The 
Wailing Place." The eastern gate was a magnificent gate 
opening on to a bridge which in Herod's day, as shown in our 
picture, was an arched passage or roadway over the valley be- 
tween the temple and the Mt. of Olives. 

The hilly space in the temple enclosure was divided in three 
terraces. The outer or lower terrace was a wide courtyard 
known as the Gentiles' Court, containing priests' quarters on west 
side with great shambles where the sacrificial animals were kept 
and slaughtered. The second terrace, perhaps fifty feet higher than 
the lower terrace, was known as the "Court of the Women," the 



430 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE. 

upper court or terrace being called "Court of the Priests," where 
only the various priests, singers, and temple officials were allowed 
to come. The first or lower court was where the lay members of the 
Jewish people together with their women and the general public 
assembled for the daily rituals and ceremonies attendant upon 
the ofiferings of the