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Full text of "Reliquiae Hearnianae: the remains of Thomas Hearne ... Being extracts from his ms. diaries"

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Br t^oa.-vt) 



HARVARD 
COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




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EXTRACTS 



FROM 



THE DIARIES 



OF 



THOMAS HEAHNK 



VOL. II. 



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e 



RELIQUIAE HEARNIANAE: 



THE REMAINS 

OP 

THOMAS HEARNE, M.A., 

OF EDMUND HALL, 

BRING 

EXTRACTS FROM HIS MS. DIARIES, 

COLLBCTKD 

WITH A FEW NOTES 

BY PHILIP BLISS, 

LJLTB RLLOW OF 8T. JOHN'd COLLEGE, NOW FBINOIPAL OF ST. MABT HALL, 
IN THE CNITEB8ITT OF OZFOBD. 



C^ OXFORD: 

PRINTED POR THE EDITOR, 

BT JAMBS WRIGHT, PRINTBR TO THE T7NIYBR8ITY. 

M.DCOC.LVII. 



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\>^'^ 



Sh 



I 

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1719. HEARNIANiE. 435 

July 24. Mr. Lewis® assures me, that mj lord 
BuUingfarooke is a great villaiii» and that king James 
turned him out of his court for being a spy, and be- 
traying his secrets. Indeed, as Mr. Lewis said, be 
went over, by Marlborough's contrivance, purely to 
be a spy, and tho' he opposed Oxford in England, 
yet it was only out of pretence of being on king 
James's side, not out of honesty; Oxford indeed 
being rather of that king^s side, which is the true 
reason, it may be, why BuUingbroke so much hated 
bim. But these are secrets. 'Tis certain Bulling- 
brake's father is great in George's court, whidi 'tis 
believed would not be, were his son for king James. 

Aug. 25. Mr. Prjrnn's books, having been made 
use of for wast paper, b^n now to be scarce, and 
to be got into curious hands, purely for this reason* 
because he commonly dtes his voudi^rs fcH* what he 
delivers, and thereby gives his reader an opportu- 
nity of examining the truth of them. Mr. Baker, 
of Cambridge, believes his study hath more of Mr. 



• John Lewis wm a bookieller in CoTent-garden, and a papist He was 
. for manj fears senrant to king James die second in France, and afterwards 
to tbe pretender, with whom be sailed for Scotland in queen Anne's time. 
Soon after Heame saw him at Oxford, Lewis was brought into trouble for 
causing a pamphlet, entitled Fox PopuU Vox Dei, to be printed. This waa 
judged to be a treasonable production, and the printer being compelled to 
diackwe his employer, Lewis left off trade, and retired into Denbighsfairey 
his native country, where, I fancy, be ended his days, llie printer, Mat- 
thews, was tried, and ^ng convicted of high treason, was hung at Tyburn, 
6th Nov. 1719. Tlie author of the pamphlet in question was supposed to be 
Mr. Brewster; a barrister, and formerly a member of Balliol college, who 
died about the time thfit Lewis absconded into Wales. 

Ff 



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434 RELIQUIiE 1719. 

Prynne's books than any one of that university, and 
he well remembers, that he sent up his AntuAmU^ 
nianism to Mr. Strype, which he could not meet with 
at London, when he was writing one of his books, 
and yet it has two editions. 

Sept. 8. On Saturday (Sept. 5.) came to Oxford 
two of the daughters erf Richard Cromwell, son of 
Oliver Cromwell, protector, one of which is married 
to Dr. Gibson, the physician, who ivrit the Ana- 
tomy; the other is unmarried. They are both pres- 
byterians, as is also Dr. Gibson, who was with ±hem. 
They were at the presbyterian meeting-house in 
Oxford on Sunday morning and evening ; and yes- 
terday they, and all the gang with them, dined at 
Dr. Gibson's, provost of Queen's, who is related to 
them, and made a great entertainment for them, 
exspecting something from them, the physician being 
said to be worth 30,000 libs. They went from Ox- 
ford after dinner. 

Dec. 3. Tho. Morgan, gent, writ a little thing, 
printed in 4to. called The Wehhmen's Jubilee: to 
the honour of St. David, shewing the manner of 
that solemn Celebration, which the Welchmen an^ 
nually hold in honour (f St. David. Describing 
likewise the true and reaU cause why they wear 
that day a Leek on their Hats. With an excellent 
merry Sonnet annexed unto it. He thinks the true 
reason of wearing the leek is, because St. David al- 



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171d— 20. HEARNIAN^ 4S6 

wajrs when he went into the field, iii martial exer- 
cise, carried a leek with him ; and being once almost 
fifiint to death, he immediatelj remembered himself 
of the leek, and bj that means not only preserved 
his life, but also became victorious. The author was 
some merry fellow, and writ it to get a penny. 

1719 — ^20. Jan. 4. Sir Philip Sydenham tells me 
that he hath had several estates belonging to the 
church, and that he haUi never had any satisfaction 
or comfort with them, and that ever since their £eu 
mily had them, they have been decreasing, but be- 
fore flourishing and encreasing. He justly observes, 
(in a letter to me, Dec. 26, 1719*) that sacrilege is 
certainly a canker to all estates. But whereas their 
bishop (Dr. Hooper, bishop of Bath and Wells) said, 
in his hearing, that time wears out that sin, he 
rightly judges that this is very doating. Mr. Eyston 
was told by a man that lived within six miles of 
Glastonbury, that the sdte of the said abbey of 
Glastonbury had not continued above twenty years 
together in the same family since the dissolution p." 

f General Monk (Duke of Albemarle) deemed it sacrilege to possets any 
property that had been wrested from the church. In page 33 of Seth Ward's 
seroMMi at his fbneral, entitled, T%e Christian's Victory over Death, Lond. 
1670, 4to. is this passage : '* He (die doke) was a great detester of sacri- 
ledge; he bath often told me witlrjoy and rescdntion, that he never had, or 
would have, in the compass of his estate, ^ony pttrt that had ever been de^ 
voted te jrious uses," Hearne, in anoUier vol. (Izzxvi. p. 95.) makes a very 
lingular exception to his general rule on this subject. ** *Tis an obsenration 
that abbey lands tiiriTe in the hands of Roman Cathoiiehs, tho' not in the 
hands of others ; Mr. Eyston says, that the abb^ lands in his own family 
have proqiered !" 

rf2 



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436 RELIQUIiE 1719—20. 

Feb. 7' This day sennight died Mrs. Mead^ wife 
of mj great and generous friend Dr. Richard Mead« 
Manj scandalous stories have been raised of this 
lady, but I am well informed thej are malicious and 
false. For thus my worthy friend, Thomas Baw- 
linson, esq. writes to me, in a letter, dated yester- 
day. ^^ Ever since Monday (for on Sunday Mrs. 
^ Mead died) I have bin with the doctor from mom- 
** ing to night, and never bin once at the coflGee- 
" house. She will be buried on Tuesday next, 
** about which time, or thereabout, I hope to be 
^ abroad again. Mrs. Mead brought the doctor a 
•• very good fortune. She left him jSve children, 
** four girls, and a son of about a yeare and a half 
** old. 'Tis now a pretty many years I have had 
** the honour to be intimately acquainted in the fa- 
^ mily, where I remarked him a good father and 
** kind husband, and her a good wife. A deal of 
** scandal ill people (Woodward or such feUowes) 
^ have uttered, but I never saw any grounds for it, 
** tho* so constantly there. I found her an honour- 
** able friend without falshood or disguise ; never . 
** heard worse things from her mouth, than such 
^ advice as a wise mother might give to even a fisu 
** vored son. I thought this due to her character 
^^ now dead, who have defended it while she lived, 
" if at any time I found it, or barbarously attacked, 
** or more insidiously whispered away." 

Feb. 8. It is a custome now in London for all the 



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]7]»-^^. HEARNIANiE. . 437 

toy derg7 to wmt thdr master's gowns, (if they 
have proceeded in the degree of master of arts at 
dther of the universities^) which much dispkases 
the wh]^;s and the enemies of the universities, who 
an go in pudding-deeve gowns. 

Feb. 18. Out of a letter from Mr. Baker, of Cam- 
Jbffidge, dated the I6th of this month. *' It will be 
nq news to tell you, that Dr. &iape (master of £a^ 
ton) is chosen provost of King's college, which, tho' 
it be a good choices yet, I doubt, they may loose 
the court by it, and tjieir hopefuU ^pectations of a 
new building. The late provost's' death was an un- 
hapi^ blow to them ; all things were prepared and 
adjusted, and he cmly wanted the ceremony of being 
introduced, when his sudden death dasht alL" 

' March 28. Mr. Eyston told me, that Dugdale's 
Baronage . cost him but about 80 shillings, whereas 
pow it is worth about five libs. I gave four libs, for 
one myself. He said he bought Dugdale's Warmck* 
shire for considerably under 30 shillings. The cata» 
k^e of the MSS. of Englimd and Ireland was sold 
two days since, in an auction at Oxford, for 8#. It 
is worth 17^- 



4 Hettrae Myi, in another place, « On Tbnnday, May 26 left, the Her. 
Dr. Andrew Snape retigned his place of head school-master of Eaton, npon 
Us being elected provott of King's college, Cambridge, at which time he 
made a most affsctionate speech to the scholars, which drew tears from tiieir 
^es> 

' Dr. Adams, ite writ of self mnrtheragainal Dr. Donne. T. H. 

Ff 8 



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438 R£LIQUIJ£ i72a 

June 26. Pauds abfainc annis Oxoniam venit sar- 
tor quidam Norvicensis, Wilde nomine, commenda^ 
tus ab Humphr. Prideaux, et Thoma Tannero, hoc 
cancellario, illo decano NorvicensL Homo iste, oc- 
cupatione relicta, nunc linguae Arabicae operam datt 
quumque sit plane indefessus mirum est quantum in 
eadem profecerit. Atque hoc eo magis est miran- 
dum, quod linguae Latinae et Graecae sit fere imperi- 
tus, uti et eruditionis expers. 

June 27. Brownus Willis mihi retulit, se habere 
exemplar Grodwini de praesulibus, in quo perplures 
emendationes ac additiones MSS. Sunt etiam alia 
id genus exemplaria. Horum ope editio nobilissima 
posset proferri, una cum continuatione ad nostra us* 
que tempora. Sed praesulum aliquot pravitas obstat 
quo minus typis ejusmodi opus mandetur. 

July 29* A friend told me, that being once with 
Dr. Charlett, the doctor told him, that the father of 
one Stanhope, coming to Trinity coU^e, Oxon. to 
enter his son, had a mind to talk with Anthony a 
Wood. Anthony happened to be in the coU^e at 
that time, and Charlett brought him to him. Stan- 
hope plaid upon him, and grinned, and pretended to 
be witty, especially when he found Anthony thick 
of hearing: which Charlett minding, told him se- 
cretly, (there being others in company,) Have a care, 
for tho' he pretends to be deaf, he can hear some- 
times what he pleases. Stanhope goes on ; And pray. 



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1720. HEARNIANiE. 439 

Mr. Wood, says he, what doe you remember of me ? 
Of you, sir ? says Anthony. When was you entered 
of this coU^e ? Why, about such a time, says he. 
Very well, r^lyes Anthony^ " and one of your name 
whispered Ann Green in the ear, when she was 
hanged for murthering her bastard child." Stanhope 
was nettled at this, and acknowledged that he was 
met with by Anthony. 

Aug. 7. Mr. Collins, of Magdalen college, tells 
me, that Mr. Joseph Addison, of their coUege, (who 
was afterwards secretary of state,) used to please 
himself mightily with this prologue to a puppet- 
shew: 

A certain king said to a beggar^ What hasH to 
eat f Beans i quoth the beggar. Beans ? quoth the 
king. Yea^ beans, I say, and so forthwith we 
straight begin the flay. Strike up, player. 

Mr. Collins told me of this verse about drinking 
thrice bef<»*e smoking : 

Ter bibito primum, post osfac esse caminum, 

Mr. Collins told me, that he hath seen Mr. Josias 
Howe's sermon, printed in red letters, and that Mr. 
Jon. Beaucham, (commonly called Nic. Beaucham,) 
late of Trinity college, had a copy'. 

Whereas Mr. Wood, Ath. Oxon. vol. ii. col. 737.^ 
saith, that Mr. How was put out of his fellowship of 
Trinity coU^e by the parliamentarian visitors in 

• See Appendix, No. XIII. 

* Fasti Ojconientet, rol. ii. p. 96. ed. 4to. 

Ff4 



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440 RELIQULE 172(K 

1646, Mr. Conms tlunks it k not so true. For he 
saith, that Mr. How was then bursar ot Trinky cd-* 
1^ ; that he carried off all the books, and went to 
an estate in Boc^ingkamshire, where he staid a good 
while ; that Dr. Harris, who was then put m head 
of Trinitj coll^^e by the parliamentarians, when 
they wanted the books, sent to him, to return to the 
coU^^e, promismg to secure him. But an expulsion 
from the powers was lodged in Harris's hands, and 
Harris courted How so lidog; that at last he got the 
books out of his hands^ upon which he sighed and 
lamented that he coidd not keep his promise to him, 
and keep so ingenious a man in the cdl^^e, and then 
producing the expulsion, told him, he must leave the 
college immediately, which accordingly he did, and 
this was some time after 1648. 

Aug. 26. Account of the death of Lionell WaU 
deil, esq. a very worthy young gentleman, formerly 
gentleman commoner of Christ Church, and one of 
those that. were taken at Preston, and afterwards 
imprisoned at London. 
Good Mr.Heam, ^^ 

I have rery much loiq^ed for some pretence of 
giving you the trouble of a letter, but must exjnress 
my deep concern far the melanchoUy occasion offered 
at this time, which serves to acquaint you, that your 
Mend Mr. Walden, formerly gentleman commoner 
of Christ Church, and nephew to Mr. Cotton, was ' 
barbarously murthered at this place by one Forbes, 



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1720. HEARNIANiE. 441 

tram wham, in the teat of Uquor^ he had leedved 
verj abussre language, upon which blows ensued, 
for the gentleman in whose chamber thej ware had 
secured their swords ; but Forbes observing that one 
of the company who sleep'd upon the bed, had his 
sword hy Ids side, in a treacherous manner laid him- 
self down upon the bed, without the least suq)icion 
of the companj, who imagined he intended to deep, 
while he was intent only upon steating softly the 
gentleman^s sword (who sleeped) out of the scab* 
bard, with which he in a furious manner run upon 
Mr. Walden, and gave him five wounds before any 
0S the company could come to his rescue, of which 
wounds he dyed in a quarter of an hour after. I, 
being the only acquaintance he or his uncle had in 
this country, thought myself oUidged to look after 
his body and effects, amongst which I found his 
will, dated 20th last July, which I have just tran- 
scribed, and sent the copy over to his unde, in 
whidi will he has left you a legacy of 100/. by the 
name of Mr. John Heron, late library-keeper at O^- 
ford, which is sufficient in law, because you are de- 
scribed ; he has given Dr. Welton 200/. to the Rev. 
Mr. Read, of Sheffield, 100/. to Mrs. Stone, daughter 
to the under-warden of the Fleet prison, 100/. and 
1000/. for two charity schods, one in the Isle of Ely, 
another to be built in Huntington. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Angen, 2Q Nov. 1719. 

Memorand. That afi;er the receipt of this letter, 
I writ to Mr. Cotton, and I was told by him that my 



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442 RELIQUIiE 1720. 

l^acy would be paid me. Mr. Walden's body was 
afterwards brought into England, and interred in 
Huntingdonshire. 

Sept. 3. This morning Mr. Holdsworth, lately fel- 
low of Magdalen college, and now a non-juror, called 
upon me. He is a right worthy man, and hath been 
lately at Rome. He shewed me the pictures of king 
James III. and his queen. The queen is a very fine 
lady. The king, he says, is a prince of admirable 
sense, cheerftill, and finely shaped. 

Sept. 20. Yesterday was a great foot-race at 
Woodstock, for 1400 libs, between a running foot- 
man of the duke of Wharton's, and a running foot- 
man of Mr. Diston's, of Woodstock, round the four 
mile course. Mr. Diston's man being about 25 years 
of age, (and the duke's about 45,) got it with ease, 
out distancing the duke's near half a mile. They 
both ran naked, there being not the least scrap of 
any thing to cover them, not so much as shoes and 
pumps, which was looked upon deservedly as the 
height of impudence, and the greatest affront to the 
ladies, of which there was a very great number. 

Oct. 18. My friend Thomas Rawlinson, esq. writes 
me word, that my mentioning the desecration of holy 
bones, puts him in mind of the care his grandfather 
Richard Tayler, esq. took at Chiswick, in Middle- 
sex. He, as the ill custom now is, purchased some 



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172a HEARNIANiE. 443 

ground in the church for a vault for his family. In 
dicing, it appeared thej dip'd on some old chamel 
house, or where casualty, or in the plague in some 
other age, had strewed the place with sculls, and 
other hones. He, with all the piety imaginable, jussit 
defodi. He was a plain man of little learning, the 
son of a yeoman of Taunton Dean, in Somersetshire, 
but of good penetrating parts, and thought the fling- 
ing the bones of the dead in dunghills or such vile 
places, (ut plerumque fit,) the highth of wickedness. 
** This age (says my friend) wants monitors to good- 
ness, Qod knows, nay ev'n severe ones, to scare them 
out of ill practises. I do my part in speaking, you, 
whose pen is happier, by your immortal writings.^ 
My friend writ this in a letter to me, upon occasion 
of what I had said in my preface to Textus Bqffen- 
sis J which he had read with pleasure. " I have read 
(saith he) your preface, which I like for being long, 
for with RutiUus, 

NU unquam longum est, quod sine fine pUiceV^ 

Nov. 11. On Wednesday night last (Nov. 9.) died, 
in St. Giles's parish, Oxon, Dr. Hugh Wynne. This 
worthy person, who took the degree of bachelor of 
civil law, July 13, 1667» and that of doctor in the 
same faculty. May 11, l672f was deprived of his 
fellowship of All Souls college, and -of his chancellor- 
ship of St. Asaph, upon the late wicked revolution, 
for his loyalty, since which he lived privately, for 
the most part, in Oxford. He was a learned man, 



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444 REUQUIJE 1720. 

but never puUished anj ihxDg. He was carried out 
of town this morning to Blechingdon, six miles from 
Oxcm, and buried in the church there. He was the 
first deprived in Oxford at the revolution, and the 
thing was done about midnight, as I think I had it 
from himself*^. I have often heard him complain of 
the ingratitude of the present warden of All Souls, 
Dr. Gardiner, whom he assisted very much in his 
encounters with the fellows, with relation to his 
n^ative voice, the warden being not able to gain 
his point without Dr. Wynne's directions, for which^ 
howev^, the warden afterwards slighted and de- 
spised him. This worthy doctor was the man also 
that put A stop to the selling of fellowships in All 
Souls college, as I have often heard him say ; and I 
have as often heard him likewise say, that he always 
voted for the poorest candidates for fellowships in 
that college, provided they were equally qualified in 
other respects ; a thing not practised now« 

. JVot?. 22. About a fortnight or three weeks since 
died at London, the lady HoUbrd, widow of sir Wil- 
liam Holford, baronett. Her maiden name was Eli- 
zabeth Lewis, being the daughter of one Lewis, a 
coachman, of Stanton St. John's, near Oxford. Being 

«t Dr. Wynney die non-juror, tells me, Hiat he was ejected his feUowslup 
on the 1 St of November, in 1691, at eleven clock at night, without the least 
warning, or crime aOedged against him. He said he made no resignation, 
nor gave any consent to the filling up his place.' I told him I looked upon 
him as fellow still, and that they owed him several yean rent He said 
notiuBg. MS. Col. xxxrij. 163. , 



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1720. HEARNIANiE. 44S 

a handscMne) plump, jdUy wench, one Mr. Harfain, 
who bdonged to the custom house, and was a mer- 
chant, and very rich, married her, and dying, all he 
had came to her. For tho' she had a son by him, 
who was gentleman commoner of Christ Church, 
(and the only child, as I have been informed, she 
ever had,) yet he died very young, to her great grief. 
After this, sir William Holford married her, chiefly 
for her wealth, (her beauty being then much de- 
cayed,) he being but poor himself, but dyed before 
her, and what he had came to his son, sir William 
HoUbrd, who dyed not a year agoe, being bacheUor 
of arts, and fellow of New college, a rakish, drunken 
sot, and would never acknowledge his mother in 
jaw, fiir which she allowed him nothing, and so he 
dyed poor. This woman dyed very rich, (in the 
70th year or thereabouts of her age,) and hath left 
a vast deal to several charitable uses. She was bu- 
ried on Thursday night, (Nov. 17.) in great state, in 
the church of St Alhallows, Stayning, near that of 
sir William, her late husband. The blew-coat boys 
belonging to Christ Hospital walked before the corps 
in procession, singing of psalms ; and twenty-seven 
dei^ymen attended at the funeraL 

Nov. 80. The twenty-seven clerg3rmen who at- 
tended, on the 17th inst. at the funeral of the lady 
Holford, had each a legacy of 10/. left by her lady- 
ship. Besides which, she has left eleven exhibitions 
ci about twenty pounds yearly each, to be bestowed 



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446 RELIQUIiE 1720-^1 

<m Charter House scholars only, such as were bred 
on the foundation, and sent by the election of the 
governors of the Charter House to the university of 
Oxford. Five of these exhibitions are to be in 
Christ Church, two in Pembroke college, two in 
Worcester college, and two in Hart halL Any scho- 
lar bred in the Charter House foundation, being an 
undergraduate in what college soever, is capable of 
being chosen; and these elections are to be made 
after publick examinations of the candidates in the 
halls of the said colleges, and the persons thus 
chosen are to hold the said exhibitions no longer 
than eight years. 

Dec. 28. Edmund archbishop of Canterbury, com- 
monly called St. Edmund, founded the Virgin cha- 
peU' in Oxford, as I find by a letter of the univer- 
sity of Oxford to the pope, in an old MS. in sir Ed- 
ward Deering's library, lent me by Mr. Anstis, which 
MS. contains matters about Canterbury. 

1720 — 21. Jan. 12. Some years before I came to 
Oxford, there was at Oxford and many oth^ places 
of England, a man that would eat all manner of 
flesh, even the worst carrion, and never be satisfyed. 
ScHne of Oxford have told me they have seen him 

> The chapel of the blessed Virgin Mary is the secood boose iiortfaw«rds 
from Ne«r College lane, and was purchased a lew years since by the dele- 
gates of the Clarendon press, in order to increase that establishment Some 
remains of its antiquity are still visible, particularly the sculptures over the 
late entrance (now a window), r e p res en ting the Virgin, with attendant figures. 



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1730—21. HEARNIANiG. 447 

take stinkiiig carrion from dunghills and devour it. 
Nor would he matter whether it was raw or not. 
Thej say that they never heard any other account 
of his coming jto this strange, unnatural habit, (for it 
was not natural,) than that he once attempted to fast 
like our Saviour all the 40 days of Lent, without 
eating any thing, but that being not able to do it, 
he was taken with this unnatural way of eating^^. 

Jan. 19. Last night I heard Mr. Samuel Parker 
say, that some years agoe Mr. Jer. Collier said to 
this effect. That we must come as near the papists 
as we can, that they may not hurt us. 

Jan. 21. I have been told, that in the last great 
plague at London'^ none that kept tobaconist's shops 

f There is a veiy curious account of one Nicbolas Wood, whose propen- 
sitj to derour all that came io his way was very similar to what Hearne re- 
cords ; this man was called *< the great eater of Kent," and his life was writ- 
ten by Taylor, the water-poet, and pablislied under that title (Loud. 1630.) in 
a thin quarto pamphlet, to be found in St. John's college library. 

• The earliest treatise on the plague, in EngUsh, that I hare met with. Is 
a quarto of twdre leaves, without date, place, or printer's name, but in all 
probability printed by Machlinia, A passing gode HiyU Boke nectssarye and 
bfkourfuU azenMt ike Pestilence, It is a translation from the Latin of Rami- 
cus, bishop of Arusiens, in Dacia, Regimen ccntt-n Epidimiam siue Pestem^ 
of which there are two editions, printed in the Gothic character, in the Bri- 
tish Museum. The translation, printed by Machlinia, has been noticed by Mr. 
Dibdiu in his Typographical Antiq, ii. 19, where a fac-simile plate of a 
•eoond title, and an extract from the work, are given : ftom this there ap- 
pear to have been two editions of the English book by the same printer, as 
Mr. Dibdin*s plate and extract differ in many typographical particukurs from 
the copy formerly in sir Hans Sloane's collection, and now in the Museum. 
Among oUier remedies, cleanliness, constant washings, and temperance are 
strictly eijoined, and the good bishop, well knowing how much the well' 
being of the body depends upon the eaae of the mind, tells his patients, that 



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448 R£LIQUIiE 1720—21. 

had the pl^ae. It is certain, that Bmoaking it was 
looked upon as a most excellent preservative* In so 

" to be mery in the berte is a grete remedie for hdtb of the body : tberfore 
in ti«e of this grete infirmite beware ye drede not deth* but lyue meiely and 
hope to lyae longe." This same work wu afterwards translated by Thomas 
Paynell, at that time canon regular of Merton abbey, who, in addition to 
flie matter to be found in the former translation of Ramicus's book, gives a 
short paragraph on urines, and another concerning a certain disease ; the 
whole printed by Bertbelet in 1534, small 8yo. Another eariy writer on 
this subject was John Yaademote, sworn i^ysician to the lord Suffolk, and, 
as he himself boasts, '* admitted by the kinge his higlmes." His work was 
called Tike Gouemance and PreBemoHom of them thai feare the Plage : 
** now newly set forth at the request of William fiamsrd, of London, draper." 
Imprinted at London by Wyllyam How, for Abraham Ueale, 1569, 8to. A 
large portion of Vandemote's book is taken from Ramicus, who seems the 
grand source from which all succeeding writers drew their information. But 
one of the most curious, as well as entertaining, tracts on this doleful sub- 
ject, was, A Diaiogve bothe pleaemmt and piettfuU^ wherein is m godUe 
regiment agaimt the Feuer Pestilence, This was licensed in 1563, and 
was probably first printed in 1564, the date of the dedication, although no 
earlier edition of it is as yet known, than one, by Jhon Kingston, in 1573, 
(erroneously registered by Herbert as 1578,) small 8to. It was written by 
William Bullein, a physician of eminence, practising, as Mackenzie says, at 
Durham, though I can find no eridence to that effect. He was author of 
sereral other mescal books, most, if not all, of which are written in dia- 
logue, and enlirened by poetical digressions, and merry stories, together 
with much good and profitable religions instruction. In the Diahgue en the 
Pestilence is a curious allurion to some of our old English poets, who, in 
company with Homer, Hesiod, Ennius, and Lucan, are defected on <* a 
swecte conduite in the middest" of i^ rich patient's garden. ** And nere 
theim satte old Morall Goore, with pleasaunte penne in hande, commendyng 
honeste loue without luste, and pleasure without pride; hoUnesse in the 
deargie without hypocrisies no tyrannie in ruleri, no falshode in lawiers, 
no nsurie in marchauntes, no rebellion in the commons, and rnitie emong 
kyngdomes. Skeiton satte in the comer of a piUer, with a finostie bitten 
face, frownyng, and is acante yet deane cooled of the cholonr kin- 
deled againste the cankered cardinal! Wolsey; writyng many a shaipe disti- 
oons, with blondie penne, againste hym, and sente theim by the infomall 
rioers Styx, Flegiton, au^Adieron, bylhe foriman of belle, called Charon, 
to the sa&ed cardinail. 

How the cardinail came of nought. 

And his prelade solde and boogfat. 

And where suche prelates bee 

SproBg of lowe degrae. 



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1718. HEARNIANiE. 449 

mudi, that even children were obliged to smoak. 
And I remember, that I heard formerly Tom Rogers^ 

And tpiritaall dignitee. 
Farewell benigniteey 
Petewdl ampliciteey 
Farewdl faumaiutee. 
Farewell good chariteie. 
Thna paraam literatua 
Came from Rome gatna. 
Doctor DawpatQS 
Scaate a bacbdaratos : 
And that Skelton &id ende 
With Wolsey his frende. 
Wittie Ckameer tatte in a chaire of gold oooered with rotea, writyng proae 
and riame, accompanied with the spiritei of many kynges, knightes, and 
faire ladiea> whom be pleasaantly beeprinkeled with the tweete water of the 
welle, consecrated mto the muses, edeped Aganippe, and, as iSbe heaaenly 
^irite, commended his deare Brigham for the worthy entffbyng of his bones, 
worthie of memorie, in the long stepyng chamber of moste famous Idnges. 
Eoen so in tragedie he bewailed the sodidne resurrection of many a noble 
man before their time, in spdlyng of epitapbes, wherby many baoe loste 
their inheritaunce. And further thus he saied, iamentyng, 
Couetous men do catche all that tfaei male bane, 
The felde and the flocke, the tombe and the graue. 
And as thei abuse riches and tbeir graues that are gone. 
The same measure thd shall haue euery one. 
Yet no buriall hurteth holiemen, though Beastes them deoonr. 
Nor ricfac graue preuaileth the wicked, for all yearthly power. 
Lamen^mg Ijidgate, lurking emong the lilie with a balde skons, with a 
garlande of wiUowes about his pate : booted he was after sainct Benets guise, 
and a blacke stamell robe, with a lothlie monsterous hoode hangyng back- 
warde, his stoopyag forward bewailyng euery estate, with the spirite of 
prouidence. Forseyng the faUes of widied men, and the slipprie seates of 
princes, the d>byng and flowjmg, the risyng and falling of men in auctoritie, 
and bow rertue do aduance the simple, and vice ouerthrow the moat noble of 
the worlde. And thus he said. 

Oh noble princes, conoeiue and doe lere 
The fan of kynges for misgouemere, 
And'prudendy peisyng this matter, 
Vertue is stronger then either plate or maile: 
Therefore consider when wisedome do counsaile, 
Chief preseruatiae of princely magnificence 
Is to almightie God to doe due renerence. 

G g Then 



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450 RELIQUIiE 171^. 

who wasr yeoman beadle, saj, that when he was that 
year, when the plague r^ed, a school-boy at Eaton^ 
all the boys of that school w^e obliged to smoak in 
the school every morning, and that he was never 
whipped so much in his life as he was one morning 
for not smoaking. 

Jan. 29. Mr. Rich. Baxter writ, at the request 
of Edward Stephens, esq. Additional Notes on the 
Life and Death of Sir Matthew Haley printed at 
London, 1682, 8vo. in which are some remarkable 
passages. The said Mr. Stephens was the publisher 
of sir Matthew's Contetnplationef and his familiar 
friend*. In page 88, he observes, that sir Matthew 
had a great distaste of the books called A Friendly 
Debate^ &c. and Ecclesia^stical Polity. Page 40, 
he notes that he greatly valued Mr. Selden, who 

Then Barilei, with a boopfng nisMt long coate, with a pretie boode in 
his nacfce and fine knottes vpon hii girdle, after Frances tricket. He waa 
borne beyonde the cold riuer of Twede. He lodged Tpon a swete bed of 
chamomill, Tnder the nnamum tree : aboot hym many ihepherdes and shepe* 
with pleasannte pipes : greatly abhorryng the life of coiirtierBy dtezeins, 
nsnrers, and banckmptes, &c whose olde ddes are miserable. And the 
estate of diepberdes, and conntrie people, he accoampted moste happie and 
sore, saiyng. 

Who entreth the court in yong and tender age 
Are lightly blinded with folie and outrage : 
But sodie as enter with witte and granitiei 
Bowe not so sone to suche enomdtie, 
But ere the! enter, if thei haue learned nought, 
Afterwardes vertue the least of th«r thought." 
In his G&uememeni of HeaUhe^ 870. 1558, are sereral pieces of BuUein's 
original poetry, particularly " Verses agunst surfeting, coffiending moderate 
diet," ifhich abound in good rales not indegandy expressed; and in the 
same Tolume is an original wood-cut portrait of tiie anthcnr. 
• See page 59. 



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1720—21. HEARNIANiE. 451 

was a great adversary to Hobbs, whom he (Selden) 
would oppose so earnestlj, as either to depart from, 
him, or drive him out of the room. Page 48. What 
he was as a lawjrer, a judge, a Christian, is so well 
known, that I think for me to pretend that my tes- 
timony is of any use, were vain. I will only tell 
you what I have written by his picture, m the front 
of the Great Bible which I bought with his legacy, in 
memory of his love and name : vi$t. SiB Matthew 
Hale, thai unwearied, strnkftt, that prudent man, 
that solid philosopher^ that famous lawyer , that 
pillar and basis of Justice, (who would not have 
done an uiyust act for any worldly price or mo^ 
live,) the ornament qf his nu0estie^s government, 
and honour of England; the highest faculty of 
the soul of Westminster-hall, and pattern to all 
the reverend and honourable Judges ; that godly, 
serious, and practical Christian, the lover ofgoodr 
ness and aJl good men ; a lamenter qfthe clergie's 
selfishness, and unfaithfulness, and discord, and of 
the sad divisions f)llowing hereupon ; an earnest 
desirer of their reformation, concord, and the 
churches 'peace, and of a befokmed act of uni- 
formity, as the best and necessary means thereto ; 
that great contemner of the riches, pomp, and 
vanity qfthe world; that pattern of honest plain- 
ness and humiUiy, who, while hefiedfrom the ho^ 
nour thai pursued him, was yet lord chief Justice 
qfthe hings bench, after his being long lord chief 
baron qfthe exchequer ; living and dying, entring 

Gg2 



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452 RELIQUIiG 1720—21. 

qn, usinff, and vcluntarUy surrendring his place <^ 
judicature^ with the most universal lave, and ho^ 
nour, and praise, that ever did English sulffect in 
this age, or any that just history doth acquaint us 
with, S^c. S^c. S^c. This man, so wise, so good, so 
great, bequeathing me in his testament the legacy 
^f f^^ shillings, meerly as a testimony of his 
respect and love, I thought this book, the testament 
of Christ, the meetest purchase by that price, to 
remain in memorial of theJhUth/ul love, which he 
bare to his inferiour and unworthy, but honouring 
friend, who thought to have been with Christ before 
him, and waiteih for the day of his perfect con^ 
junction unth the spirits of the just made perfect. 
RicHABD Baxter. 

Feb. 1. My friend the hon. Ben. Leonard Cal- 
vert ^ esq. writes me word in a letter, (Jan. 17 last,) 

^ Hearne's great friend, the bonowable Benedict Leonard Calvert, Wis 
second son of Benedict Leonard George, fourth lord Baltimore, by his wife 
ttie lady Charlotte, eldest daughter of Edwanl Henry Lee, earl of Litchfield, 
and Charlotte Fitzroy, one of the natural daughters of king Charles the se- 
cond, by Barbara Villiers, duchess of Cleveland. He was bom Sept 7, 
1700, appointed governor of Maryland in 1727, and died on his passage 
home, June 1, 1732. 

In June 1718, Mr. Calvert, with his brother lord Baltimore, made a short 
tour in France. Previously to sailing from Woolwich, he wrote a few lines 
to his brother antiquary, which Hearne stuck into one of his podket-books, 
with the following note : •* I preserve this letter out of the great respect I 
have for him, upon account of his quality, his virtues, and his skill and dill, 
gence in antiquities. It is an addition to my troubles to lose the conversa- 
tion of so accomplished a person. But I believe the journey may be for his 
benefit, and for that reason I am very content Ixvii. 86.*' Mr. C. re- 
turned, to England in August << This night (Aug. 16) returned to Oxford 
very safe (for which I bless God) my dear, excellent friend, the honourable 
Benedict Leonard Calvert, esq. He hath been at Callais, Diep» and other 



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1720— 2h HEARNIAN^. 4^3 

that a gentleman of liis acquaintance lately ^heVd 
hfan an Othd's coyn which was surreptitioualy taken 
from a collection abroad. It seems to have had a 
greenish rust upon it, which is much worn off by 
the gentleman's carrying it in his pocket. On one 
side is Otho's head with this inscription: imp. 
OTHO. CAESAIL AUG. TRi. POT. On the Other an 
altar with soldiers joyning hands, with a priest or 
some other person in a long robe. The inscription 
SECYitiTAS. p. R., at the bottom s. c. About the size 
of half a crown. It is very fsiir and well struek. 

Feb. 14. Copy of an authentick MS. paper com- 
municated to me to-day by Mr. John Leak the 
non-juror : 

<< D. J. Paris, January 86, 1781. 

The Chevalier de St. George's lady began to have 
pains and approaches from the 27th of Dec^ N. S., 
Init they discontinued, and went off till the 30th: 
from that morning she was in hard labour till the 
next evening, at 5 a clock, that she was brought to 
bed of a son. Great numbers of people of quality, 
and amongst others the govemour and magistrates 
of the dty, waited and were present all those fwo 
days. The child was christned an houre after by 
the bishop of Montefiesconi, who had married the 

placet. He hath made many pertioent retnarkt in his journey " In 1725, 
Mr. Cal?ert minted P^ris. He drew np an exact pedigree of hii family, with 
their arms tricked by his own pen, which be gare to Heame. He addressed 
also some half-dozen metrical epitaphs to him, (none of them worth preser- 
▼atioB,) wfaidi will be fimnd in toL Ixxxii. 130. See more nnder Aug. 7, 1732. 

GgS 



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4S4 RELIQUIiE 1720^21. 

parents. The pope had no meddling in the matter. 
The names of the child are chiefly four, Charles^ 
Louis, Edward, Casimir. This last in r^ard to 
John Casimir Sobietztd, king of Poland. John 
would have lookt as an English name, and the 
Johns both of England were but unfortunate. The 
first of these four, Charles, is the name he is to goe 
bj. This is reckoned prudent enough. Charles 
the first is acceptable to the high church of Eng- 
land,^ and Charles the second to the gaj and fi:ee 
spirited. 

He is said to be a healthy, beautiful!, and vi- 
gorous child. All letters from there speak with rap- 
ture. And the Jacobites in this country are trans- 
ported. They pretend that this answers the com- 
mon objection that was in Brittain, both among to* 
ries and whigs, FTho will risk his all for a single 
person or a singly life? 

The rejoicings have been great in many places of 
Italy and Savoy, and France. In Lyons, Avignon^ 
Orleans, extraordinary. At St. Germalns no wonder 
they shotdd. The burgers there, I mean the French, 
came und^ armes to the bonfires, to the number of 
8000, and the troop of ^ards, of the due de 
Noailles, which is the Scotish troop, went about and 
fir'd till three in the morning. The due lives there. 
The news came first to the court of France. When 
the mareschall de Villeroy read an account to the 
young king, the king jump'd and clapt his hands ; 
and when the mareschall read on, and came to Uiat 



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1720—21. HEARNIANjE. 45f 

pfirt, that the child was stnmg and vigorous, the 
king said, Ah^ vaila le ban endroit. 

The regent said little, but even all his court were 
joyfuIL The due de Chartres drank the prince of 
Wales's health to the princess of Conte, where he 
supt that night that the news came. Enfin, I can« 
not express the joy that is in this country. 

Severall communities have had Te Ihums. The 
Scotts coU^pe a very handsom one; where many 
ladies and others went, some no doubt out of xni- 
riosi^, and to wait on the ladies. Protestants, you 
know, are not obliged to join in any words in wor- 
ship but what th^ approve of, and Christians go to 
the mosques in Constantinople. 

I am telling you what these neutral people here 
say, for their curiosi^ to hear musick and see fire* 
works, and gallante ladies, so you need not be scan- 
daliz'd to hear of any body's being there. 

The princess^ the mother of the child, was in a 
very good way, tho' she had suffier'd much. She 
was brought to bed upon chairs, if that is not a 
bulL" 

Feb. 19. The former part of tins winter was the 
warmest that ever I knew in my life, insomuch that 
it was just like midsummer, and much beyond what 
'tis generally at spring. Things sprung and Uos- 
scmi'd most strangely, beans and pease, as well as 
other things : insomuch, that a friend hath writ me 
word from Berkshire, that at Christmas last there 

Gg4 



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456 RELIQUIiE 1720—21. 

was a pear tree not far from Bracknell near Octdng^ 
ham in that county, that was in fuUbloom, as white 
as a sheet, and a winter pear too. After this un- 
seasonable warm weather, it b^an to freeze very 
hard on Jan. 80th last, and so continued without in- 
termission fill yesterday, Feb. IS^. 

March 1. On Thursday last (Feb. 28) the barons 
of the exchequer gave judgment in a cause which 
had been several years depending between the duke 
of Marlborough, and a number of masons, carpen- 
ters, joiners, &c. on a demand of 7300/. and up- 
wards, for work done to Blenheim-house in Oxford- 
shire. It appeared by the papers produced, that the^ 
duke had above 230,000/. impass'd to him from her 
late majesty to defray the expence of building the 
said house. There were eight council on a side. 
The barons of the exchequer gave it as their opi- 
.nion, that his grace ought to pay ^be money, and 
not the crown, the workmen having not any legal 
pretence to demand their wages of any but his 
grace. 

March 2. This day I walked over to Bay worth 
in the parish of SunningweU, near Abbington in 
Berks, and took a view of Mr. Baskerville's house, 
which indeed is a brave old thing, full of all conve- 
niences, and as pleasant a place as need be desired. 

* On Thnrsday, Feb. 23. it freez'd very hard agaiu, and so continaed till 
Thnnday, March 9. T. H. 



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J720— 21. HEARNIANiE. 457 

What I chiefly went for was to see the two folio 
MSS. written hj old BaskerviUe, which I have be- 
fore mentioned^. I was shew'd them by Mrs. 
Giles, wife of one Mr. Giles, a farrier of Oxford, 
which Mr. Giles was left executor by young Mr. 
Baskerville. 'Tis a medley of merry sttiff, which 
shews the collector to have been a madman ; but I 
cannot think he was quite so mad as to have printed 
it, whatever he might give out. All Sunningwell 
and Bayworth belonged to Baskerville, as did also 
the presentation to the parsonage of Sunningwell, 
but now all is come to Sir John Stonehouse, and 
God knows how long it may continue with him. 
For being abbey land, I do not doubt but a curse 
will go with it as long as it continues in lay-hands. 
'Tis true, old Baskerville, (who made the said collec- 
tion,) tho' a whimsical man, yet mightily improved 
the estate, but then his son spent all, died heart- 
broken, (occasion'd by thinking what he had done,) 
and now the family is exstinct. 

March 28. It always grieves me when I go 
through Queen's college, to see the ruins of the old 
chapell next to High-street, the area of which now 
lyes open (the building bemg most of it puU'd down) 
and trampled upon by dogs, &c., as if the ground had 
been never consecrated. Nor do the Queen's colL 
people take any care to hinder or preserve it from 
prophanation, but rather laugh at it when 'tis men- 

<* See some account of one of theie volumes in the Appendix, No. XIV. 



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458 REUQUiiE 1720—^1. 

mentioned, tho' 'tis certain that much greater men 
are buried there than ever will be buried in their 
new chapelL 

April an. This day se'nnigfat between six and 
seven in the evening, the pretended princess of 
Wales was safely delivered of a prince (as he is 
called) at Leicester-house ; the news of which was 
immediately proclaimed by discharging the park 
and tower guns ; the people in several parts of the 
tower express'd their joy by bonfires , illuminations, 
and ringing of bells, and on this occasion three or 
four hogsheads of wine were given away at the gate 
of the said Leicester-house. 

Monday, Humphrey Parsons, esq. alderman of 
Portsoken-ward, and William Billers, esq., one of 
the sheriffs for London and Middlesex, waited on 
his [pretended] royal highness with the city's com- 
pliment of congratulation, on account of the birth of 
his son. And in the evening his [pretend^] ma« 
jesty [K. George] visited her [pretended] royal 
highness and the [pretended] young prince. 

The next day the house of commons waited 
on the [pretended] king at St. James's, with an 
humble address, to congratulate his [pretended] 
migesty on the birth of his grandson. As did 
also the lord mayor and court of aldermen. The 
house of commons likewise sent a congratulatory 
letter to their [pretended] royal highnesses on this 
occasion. 



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1721. HEARNIANJS. 459 

I£ay 15. Out of a letter I rec^ved last night 
from Mr. Anstis : 

" Pray was not the fiunous Sir John Fastoff a 
benefactor to jour universitj in general, or at least 
to Magdalen cdl^e ? If you know any thing thereof, 
pray impart the same."* 

This day I went to Mr. Cdlins of Magdalen, and 
mentioning the said querie to him, he told me he 
had heard that Sir John gave 1500 libs per an. in 
Norfolk and Suffolk to the collie. 

This, he said, is certain, that he gave to the seven 
senior demies a penny a week for augmentation of 
their vests, which being nowadays but a small pit* 
tance, those that have it are call'd by such as have 
it not, Fikstqff's buckram men^. 

May 21. From the prints of last night: ** On 
Tuesday last, (May 16,) the ri^t hon. the house of 
lords heard a cause that had been long depending 
between the lord bishop of Rochester, appellant, and 
Dr. Friend, respondent, about the place on which 
the dormitory belonging to Westminster school shall 
be rebuilt : and their lordships gave it in &vour of 
the former.'' 

I am told the bishop of Rochester had twenty- 
eight, and Dr. Friend twenty-six. It is very re- 
markable, that, a considerable time since. Dr. Friend 
himself was of the bishop's opinion in this case, 
and that he quite came over to the bishop, but the 

« See pp. 461-2 nnder Jane 3. 



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460 HELlQUIiS 1721. 

bishq) of Chester and Dr. Stratford (who cannot 
endure the bishop of Rochester) perswaded him to 
alter his mind^ and to push the matter on against 
the bishop, which How is very justly given for the 
bishop, to the great r^ret of the bishop of Chester, 
Dr. Stratford, and some others. 

May 33. Dr. King, principal of St. Mary haU, told 
me yesterday, that Jordanus Bruno's book, which 
went at such a prodigious price in Charles Bernard's 
auction, is translated into English, that he is ac- 
quainted with the translator, (who, he said, is now in 
Oxford, and is a Scotchman, as I think he added,) 
but that he had not liberty of telling his name. He 
said the translator had presented him with a copy 
of it, and that there were not above forty copies 
printed^ 

' The book here alladed to was die Spaceio deUa Betta Triomfimie of 
Jordan Bnino, printed in 8to. 1584, which was sold to Mr. Walter Clavd, 
(Mr. Crynes says, ** against Bamett") for twenty-eight pounds. It was 
bound with another tract by the same author, and stands No. 1005 of Ber- 
nard's Catalogue, 8to. 1711. Bruno's work was called into, notice by a let- 
ter from Toland to Bayle ; Toland discorered a copy of it in 1696, which be 
shewed, he says, to' several persons, but nerer gare a copy of it. Having 
represented it to be *< as dangerous as impious, and proper only for such 
persons, who, by their good sense and strength of reason, are proof against 
all sophisms," it was naturally diligently inquired after, and eagerly coveted 
when found. It seems however, that the extreme danger apprehended by 
Toland from the diffusion of Bruno's principles was unfounded, for Brucker 
has clearly proved, that although his opinions were frtndfol and extravagant, 
they were in no degree athdstical. His crime indeed was Lutheramim, a 
crime too atrocious to admit of any clemency fit>m the severity of a popish 
inquisition, and the author was accordingly burnt at the stake, and his 
writings prohibited. From the time that the mnoeence of Bruno's book was 
made public, its value has decreased in proportion, and at Dr. Mead's sale 
in 1754, it produced only from four to five guineas. It had been sold for 



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1721. HEARNIANiE. 461 

MaySiG. Mr. John Murray of London being in 
Oxford, he told me last night, that he hath an edit, 
of Fabian's Chronicle with wooden cuts, and that 
this edit, was suppressed by card. Wolsey. He told 
me, that he hath got Caxton's Aurea Legenda^ and 
that it cost him above four pounds. He told me he 
gave a guinea for Percie Enderhie^s Hist, qf 
Wales, which he met with now since he was in Ox- 
ford. This is but a poor book. He told me he 
gave three guineas for DugdaU^s Warwickshire. 
I bought two. for fifty shillings a-piece. He told me 
he gave a most noble copy of the Bishop^ Bible to 
Mr. Baker of Cambridge, and that Mr. Baker in 
lieu of it gave him the Decern Scriptares, which 
cost him 20^., tho' tis now worth three libs ; and 
that Mr. Baker let my lord Harley have this Bible 
afterwards, with many other curious books, being 
much importuned to do so. Mr. Murray tells me 
that Thomas Jett, of London, esq. hath Rich. Whyte 
de Basingstockio's Hist. Angl. in ten books, whereas 
I never heard before but of nine. He gave two 
guineas for it. Mr. Granger's copy of London hath 
only nine books, and he gave \5s. for it. 

June 2. The reason why they cannot give so 

fifty. The cnrious reader will find a long aceoant of it, with Mreral eztractB» 
in tiie English Bale, under the artide Bmno, and a rery masterly exaoiina- 
tioB of the author's principles and opinions in Brucker's Hutoria Oiiica 
PkilMopkuB, Lips. 1767. The English translation mentioned by Heame 
was printed in 1713, under the title of T%e ExjmUion of the triumpha$U 
Beast, a copy of wbich^ at Mr. Perry's sale iu 1822, produced only nine 
shillings and sixpence. See page 234. 



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462 RELIQUIiE 1721- 

good an accouirt; of the benefaction of sir John Fal- 
stolf to Magd. colL is, because he gave it to the 
founder, and left it to his management, so that 'tis 
suppos'd 'twas swallow'd up in his own estate that 
he settled upon the coll^pe. However, the college 
knows this, that the Boar's Head in Southwaric, 
which was then an inn, and still retains the name, 
tho' divided into several tenements, (which bring the 
coU^e 150 libs per ann.) was part of sir John's 
gift. They also know, that Caldecot mannbur in 
Suffolk was another part of his gift ; and some say, 
that he gave an estate in the same county, now 
called Lovingland, but anciently IjothingUmd^. 

June 8. Mr. Laurence Eachard having published 
the History of England in three volumes fol., and a 
new edition being called for, hath put out a separate 
appendix for the use of such as have the former 
edition. In which appendix, bearing date in Jan. 
na, he notes, that he began to be a publisher of 
books in the eighteenth year of his age, and that he 
was then forty-eigfat ; and he teUs us withall, that 
he is so regardless of fame, that he is very desirous 
that his own books should be utterly destroyed and 
forgotten, upon condition better may appear in their 
places. This History of England is dedicated to 
king George. *Tis but a'sUght performance, (tho* 
there are some remarkable things in it as to later 

* The said account I had this monuDg firom Mr. Collins of Magd. coll. 
T.H. 



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I72r, UEARNIAK^. 468 

times,) as all Mr. Eachard's things are, being done 
chieflf to please novices, and not adapted to such as 
search deeply into our histories and antiquities. The 
author hath always made use of common printed 
books, and not taken care to make himself ac- 
quainted with our old MSS. and records. 

June 17* We learn from the publick prints, that 
Dr. Fiddes, who is publishing the life of Cardinal 
Wolsey, by subscription, has this week put out a 
true copy of the duke of Buckingham's epitaph, with 
a vindication of it. The said epitiq)!^ fit>m the said 
paper or book of the doctor's, is thus inserted in the 
prints: 

Pro reges^pe 
Pro repubUca semper. 
Dubius, sed non improbus, vixi : 
Incertus morior, sed inturbatus. 
Humanum est errare, et nesdbre. 
Christum adveneor, Deo confido 
Omnipotenti, benevolentissimo. 
Ens entium miserere md. 

Much for the prerogative. 

Ever for my country. 
I liv'd irregular, not abandob'd. 
Tho' going to a state unknown, 

I die resigned. 
Frailty and ignorance attend on human life. 
Religiously I worship Christ : in God confide 



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464 RELlQUIiE 1721. 

Almighty, and most merdfuL 
O! thou Principle of all Beings, have pity on me ! 

June 18. I thought, at first, that the said account 
of Dr. Fiddes's' performance liad been a banter ; but 
upon inquiry I found it true, a gentleman telling 
me, that the Doctor had certainly published such 
a thing, that he was a trifler, and, as he believes, put 
upon it by Dr. Charlett. 

July 7. I bought some years agoe the Scotch 
Skcck Acts of Fletcher the bookseller, for 17^. f(nr 
my friend John Bridges, esq. ^ I understand that 
'tis worth at least 10 libs, tho* Mr. Bateman, whom 
I take to be the most understanding bookseller, (and 
he is a man too of great honesty,) tells me, (he being 
now in Oxford,) that *tis not worth above 5 or 6 libs. 
Bymer^s Fcedera is now look'd upon as cheap at 
100 Ubs. 

Aug. n. I am told that Dr. Robinson, the pre- 
sent bishop of London, was of very mean parentage; 
that he went for some time to plough ; that after- 
wards he was put to a trade, but his master finding 
him more inclined to books than business, got him 
to Oxford to Brasennose college, where he was ser- 
vitour to sir James Astrey, who was extremely kind 
to him. Afterwards he became fellow of Oriel col- 
lege, was agent and envoy in Sweden, made bishop 

k See the Appendix, No. XV. 



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mt. HEARNIANiE. 4M 

of Brifltoland a plenepotaAiarf m Queen Anne's time, 
wfaacfa Queen also made him bbhop of London. 
Hw biriK^ oat of gratitude to sir James Astrej, 
hath made Dr. Astrejr (son to air James, and late 
Mkm ci Blerton collie) his diaplain, and given 
him two Urings. It must however be known, that 
notwithstanding this bishop when young, as is said, 
was so bookish, yet he is no great scholar, his head 
lying really more to secular affairs than to learn- 
ing. By his imployments and preferments he hath 
heaped up vast riches. He hath founded some 
seholarships at Orid eoU^e, and put up a piece of 
building there for those schobrs. 

A^. IS. There is just come out a little thing in 
Svo. about In^cnlatiug the Snudl Pax^ it being the 
opinion of some, that such as have it by inoculation 
are nothing near so dangerously sick as otherwise. 
Experiments are to be made upon some malefactors 
in Newgate. 

iSS^. 1. YestaNlay morning, about seven dodi, 
died in the 49th year of his age, John Kefl, M.D. 
and SaviUan professor of astronomy in the univer- 
«ty of Ox£nrd. He died at his honse in Holywell, 
having taken coach to go to-day with his wife to the 
Both. Some months since he happened to have a 
fall in his house, and very mudi hurt his right irm : 
since which time he hath not been right well. But 
that which immediately contributed to his death (as 

Hh 



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466 RELIQUIiE 1721: 

is said) was drinkiiig late on Saturday night last at 
bis own house^ where he entertained, with wine and 
punchy the vice-chancellor, sir Tom Gifford, and 
some others. He was at Holywell church with his. 
wife on Sunday last, and invited the minister home 
with him to dinner. On Monday he was about the 
town, but was taken extremely ill on Tuesday, and 
so continued. This Dr. Keil (who was incorporated 
M. A. as a m^nber of Balli<d college,) from Edin- 
borough on Feb. 2, 1694, was an ingenious man and 
an excellent mathematician, and succeeded Mr. Jc^m 
Caswell in the astronomy professorship. He mar- 
ried Moll Clements, who, tho' of mean education ', 
yet proved a very good wife to him, as he also 
proved a good husband. He hath left a son behind 
him by the said Moll Clements, and dying worth a 
great deal of money (which came to him chiefly by 
his late lHX)ther, who practised physick at Northamp- 
ton,) there is no question but there is good provision, 
enough for both, tho' 'tis said he hath Idt no will, 
and his widow being young, airy, and handsome, 
'tis probable may meet with another fortune. This 
Dr. John Keil hath written and puUished many 
things, among which are two books against Whis-r 
ton, (both printed at the theatre,) Euclid's Ele- 
ments, Lectures on Astronomy, &c. The said Dr. 
Keil was buried in St. Marie's church, on Saturday- 
night (at nine clock) Sept 2, 1721. 

* Sbe was daagbter of James Clements, a book-binder in Oxford, and some 
fire and twenty fears younger than ber busband. 



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17211 HEARNIANJE. A^f 

Sept. 6. In the year 1702 Queen Anne was at 
Oxford, lay at Christ Church, and the next day 
dined in the theater with prince George, (her hus- 
band,) the duke and dutchess of Marlborough, &c. ; 
Dr. Maunder was Tice-chancellor. She was very 
merry, and eat most heartily. After dinner she 
passed through the Ashmolean Museum, took coach, 
and so went out of town for the Bath. Humphrey 
Wanley was at the same time in Oxfcnrd, as I weU 
remember, and then wore a long wig, (tho' now he 
wears his own hair,) and strutted mightily about. 
This Wanley hath rq)orted since he hath been now 
in Oxford, (a thing I had not heard of before,) that 
he was sent for at that time on purpose to shew the 
queen the curiosities of the Bodleian Library, had 
she went up thither, as she did not. Thus this vain 
coxcombe. I suppose Arthur Charktt might send 
for him, he being weak enough to do so. But 
Wanley had no business then to shew any thing in 
the library. For tho' some time before he did 
some little matters there, by consent of the curators, 
(which however was doing more hurt than good, 
for he plaid odd tricks,) yet he never had any post 
in the lil»rary, and Was at that time quite discarded. 
Dr. Hudson being head librarian, who therefore, and 
the second librarian, and the janitor, had all the 
power of shewing things in the library, and 'twas 
the height of impudence for Wanley to pretend to 
any authority, unless imploy'd (as he was not) either 
by Dr. Hudson or the curators. It must be farther 

Hh 2 



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468 RELIQUIAE 1721« 

noted, that this Wanley gives out that he was the 
man that put up Mr. Wallis of Magd. ccXL to stand 
to be librarian, against Dr. (then Mr.) Hudson, and 
that many would have had himself stood for it, but 
that he dedin'd it, as not thinking it beneficiBl 
enough; which is another of his saucy stories. For 
it cannot be supposed that he should be fixt upon as 
librarian, being an undergraduate, (for indeed he 
never took, even to this day, any degree in any uni- 
versity,) and was therefore altogether inciq)able of 
standing ; tho' 'tis likely enough, that he might be 
so impudent as to ui^ Wallis to appear £3r it, and to 
do him what service possibly he could, in hopes, it 
may be, of having some considerable power in the 
library. The said Humphrey Wanley, who hath 
bel(mged many years to the earl of Oxford, by way 
of pensioner, hath drawn up six vols, in folio of the 
Harley library, and is going on with others ; but he 
takes such a method, (with no true judgment, as I 
am told,) that 'tis probable he will never live to 
finish it. 

Sept. 19. Mr. Charles Eyston, of East Hendred, 
in Berks, told me yesterday, that Mr. Ravenscroft, 
who died about ten years since, had the best library 
for Roman Catholick books of any Roman Catholick 
in England. Being a Catholick, he was seized upon 
the score of the Popish plot, and being to be tryed, 
he told them that he requested the favour to defend 
himself in Latin, because he had lived for the most 



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I72L HEARNIANiE. 4(» 

part out of England ; and so signing himself with 
the cross, he made a most elegant speech in Latin, 
to the astonishment and confusion of the court, who, 
finding themselves incapable of managing him in 
that language, told him, 'twas a thing out of their 
way, and contrary to the course of the court, and 
told him he must proceed in English. Yet, after all, 
he was brought off. He was a great scholar, and 
well verst in Latin. 

Sept 35. Out of a letter from Mr. Baker, of Cam- 
bridge, dated Sept. 19 last. ^' Mr. Math. Prior, sen. 
fellow of St. John's college, died yesterday, (Sept 
18th,) at my lord Harley's house at Wymple, and is 
(as I am told) to be buried at Westminster amongst 
the poets^ where he deserves a place. I believe he 
dies somewhat richer than is usuall with poets, for 
he was beginning to build a house in Essex." 

Oct 4. Yesterday I was told by an honest Scot- 
tbh gentleman, a captain, one of those taken at Pres* 
ton, that fought for king James III. that there was 
no treachery in general Foster, or any of the rest, 
but cowardice, Foster being a timorous man, and 
unwilling to fight, or to shew the least part of a ge» 
neral, and so surrendered his men ; whereas, had he 
been at all courageous, the business had been cer- 
tainly done for the king^. The same gentleman told 

^ TbomM Fotter^ the penon to whom the pretender sent his commiasicNi 
of general of the forces, was son of sir William Foster, of Bidmshmy castle, 

Hh8 



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470 RELIQUIiE 1721. 

me, that Mr. RuddimaD, keeper of the advocates li- 
brary at Edinburgh, is not only a learned, but a very 
honest man ; but that Mr. Anderson, the antiquary, 
who writ about the independency of Scotland upon 
England, is a presby terian, and no friend to the king. 

Oct. 8. Early on Sunday morning, (Oct. 1,) the 
earl of Rochester's fine house at Petersham, in the 
county of Surry, was burnt to the ground, and seve- 
ral persons (we hear) were destroyed, either in the 
flames, or by leaping from the windows to escape 
them. So the news papers. I am told that 'tis 
thought this dismal fire was occasioned by some 
charcoal, the servants having been ironing the clouts 
for my lady Essex's lying-in at my lord Rochester's, 
where she now was, and it being customary to drink 
(or, as they call it, to liquor the clouts) upon such 
occasions, they were all much disordered, and went 
to bed without taking care of the fire. The said 
lady Essex is daughter to the eaii of Rochester, and 
since the fire she is brought to bed of a daughter. 
Among other things was burnt a fine collection of 
books, many of which had been brought from my 
lord's fine library at Combury, near Woodstock. 
And I am told my lord Clarendon's History of his 

Northamberiaody and at the time of Pk«8tOD fight was member for that coan- 
ty. He was seized in cooseqneoce of a message from the king, committed to 
Newgate, expelled the house of commons, and would undoubtedly have suf- 
fered, had he not contrired to escape from prison, and reached the continent 
in safety. Lord Crewe, bishop of Durham, married a sister of this Poster, 
who sunrived him. She was one of the most beautiiiil women of her age, 
and known in her own neighbourhood as ** pretty Dolly Foster.*' 



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1721. HEARNIANiE. 4/1 

awn life was burnt also^ (a woric never printed^) 
and his JEajHmtum upon the Psalms, which was 
likewise never printed. 

Oct. 18. Mr. Trap's translation of Virgil into 
blanck verse being scouted, and justly looked upon 
as a poor performance, when the first vohime (for it 
is in two) came out. Dr. Evans, of St. John's college, 
was (as 'tis said) pleased to express himself thus : 

Keep the commandments. Trap, and go no further. 
For it is written, that thou shalt not murther. 

Oct. 19* Last night I was many hours in com- 
pany with Mr. Humph. Wanley. He told me many 
things about the Harley library, and of the MSS. 
and rare printed books in it. 

He was bom at Coventry, being son of Mr. Nath. 
Wanley, M.A. of Trinity college, in Cambridge, and a 
minister in Coventry ; which Mr. Nath. Wanley writ 
and published The History of Man, in folio, and 
translated into English a piece of Upsius. And 
this is all, I think, he printed. But Humphrey told 
me he left many MSS. behind him : but he knows 
not what became of them, only one, r». Divine 
Poems, he had himself, but gave it to Mr. Brewster, 

1 TUs WM a false rumoDr, for the MS. was prepenred, and presented to 
the DoWersity by lord Clarendon's ^M^n^ as has been before noticed. His 
lordship's QnUempkUiont and Reflections upon the Ptahm of Davids mp^ 
ptying thote Devotions to the Troubles of the Times, (dated Jersey, Dec. 
26, 1647,) will be foond in the coUection of bis Tracts, printed at London, 
in folio, 1727. 

Hh4 



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472 RELIQUI£ 1721. 

a barrister of law. Humphry said, he is of opuuon 
that the story about Godiva's riding naked through 
Coventry is all fiction. But he gare poor reasons 
for his opinion. He said he did not take the uni- 
versity of Oxford \o be older than Hen. I. But this 
is so ridiculous a notion, that it needs no confuta*- 
tion. , Humphrey Wanley also said, that he was the 
main instrument in getting Mr. Bagford's papers fw 
lord Harley, and that he laboured hard for them, 
and had like, nevertheless, to have missed of them. 
This was roguery. For they were most certainly 
designed for me. But since they have got them, 
they ought to digest those about printing, and to 
publish them. This I mentioned to Wanley. But 
he said his accounts were very imp^fect, and so put 
off the discourse, and seemed to dedare that notiiing 
c^ that nature would be done ; himself, he said, being 
taken up with other affairs. I told him, had the 
papers come to me, I would have methodized them, 
and published a book fix>m them, for the service of 
the publick, and the honour of Mr. Bagford. 

Oct. 28. Last night I was several hours in com- 
pany of Mr. Martin Benson, archdeacon of Berks "^. 
There were many besides with us. This Mr. Ben- 
son is a most vile whig. He travelled lately into 
France and Italy with my lord Lemster, as his tutor 
and govemour. He hath spoiled his lordship ; and 

"• Student of Christ Church : afterwards, in 1734, bubop of Gloucester. 



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1721. HEARNIANiE. 473 

indeed Mr. Benson's chief ^design of traveling (be* 
sides lucre) seems to hare been as a spj» and to find 
out faults. He spoke last night with the utmost 
disrespect of the pope, and the whole college of car- 
dinals, and called all the antiquaries of Rome asses, 
and the cardinals either fools or blockheads. Nay* 
he would hardly allow that there was a learned man 
in an Italy or France, except Bianchini and Mon- 
£aucon. 

Nov. 1. Out of Mist's Journal, dated Saturday, 
Oct. 28, 1721. Whereas a pretended Vindication 
(^ John WicJd^ has been puMished, under the 
name of one Lewis, of Margate, by the incitement^ 
as the prefiEice asserts, of the archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and in the same I am iiguriously reflected 
ijqM)n as a scurrilous writer. This is to inform the 
publick, that I shaU reserve the author for a more 
sodous whipping in my leisure hours ; and, in the 
mean time, give him a short correction for his bene- 
fit, if he has grace and sense to take it. He charges 
me with the errors of the translator and blunders 
of the author, with which I am by no means con- 
cerned, who only wrote the preface ; and when it 
comes out afresh in the edition of my works, my 
vindication will be as clear as the sun at noon 
day. 

He insists upon charging me with falshood, in re- 
lation to one Grimwood, whom he asserts to have 
died infamously in his harvest, with a bursting forth 



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474 RELIQUIiE 1751. 

of his bowels ; Mr. Lewis, with equal modesty, sup- 
ports the story, with affirming it to be true. 

But to shew how well this gentleman is furnished 
with learning and abilities to write, and censure 
others, Grimwood himself lived many years after, 
even to an old age, and brought his action against a 
minister, who, in his presence in the church, related 
this story from him, as a remarkable instance of 
God's judgment ; for evidence whereof, see Danver's 
Abridgment, 163 ; Croke Car. 91 ; Coke, Mich. 8. 
Jac. Agreed by Popham, and RoUe's Abridgment, 
Action sur Case, p. 87. 

I appeal to the world if this is not sufficient evi- 
dence on my side of the question. 

Lastly, why does this author perswade the world, 
the late archbishop of Canterbury could have any 
veneration for the memory of one who asserts, God 
ought to obey the devil ; or, that he could be de- 
sirous to open the impure fountains from whence 
the filth of Bangorianism has been conveyed to us. 

M. Eabbury". 

■ Earbeiy was a politioil writer of some renown. H6 was bom July 1 1, 
.1690, educated at St. John's college, Cambridge, and exerdsed his pen with 
great spirit and conrage in defence of the Stuarts and the tory canse. The 
following b the most complete list of his works I hare been able to procure : 
Prmapkff Church Unity amtidered. Lend. 1716. 8to. An Annoer to 
Mr, WliuUm^t Diuertalum on iht Ignaiian Epistles, Lond. 1716. Bvo. 
History of the German Refnmuttion, founded upon Hereiye of John VFick- 
t^ffe, John HusSy and Jerome of Prague, 1720. 8to. History of the Cle- 
mency of our EngUsh Monarchs. Lond. 1717 ; 1720, second edition. This 
was accounted a seditious libel, upon which the author retreated into France, 
and published, J Findicatum of the History of Clemency, with Reflections 
tgfon the late Proceedings^ against the Author. Lond. 1720. 8ro. Upon 
Barbery's absconding fiiom the kingdom, sentence of outlawry was pro- 



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1721. HEARNIANiE. 475 

Nov. 9. On Sunday morning died Charles Ey- 
ston, of East Hendred, in Berks, esq. a gentleman 
of eminent virtues, and my great acquaintance^ He 
was a Roman Catholick> and so charitable to the 
poor, that he is lamented by all that knew any thing 
of him. Insomuch, that on Saturday last, being the 
day immediately before his death, I heard a woman 
of Hendred say, that she had rather all the people 
in Hendred (excepting her husband) should die, 
than this gentleman. He was a man of a sweet 
temper, and was an excellent scholar, but so modest, 
that he did not care to have it at any time men- 
tioned. The last time I saw him was on Sept. 18f 
last, when he rode on horseback from Hendred on 
purpose to see me, and to converse with me a few 
hours. We dined t(^ther at the Mitre, and Mr. 
Kimber, of Hallywell, with us. Mr. Eyston was as 

Domioed against bun, which was rerened in the court of King's Bench, Dec. 
2, 1725. ^n Admonition to Dr, Khmet, appended to the Earl of Notting- 
ham's jfnswer to fThiiton. Lond. 1721. 8to. TKo, Burnett of the State 
of the Deadt and of tkote thai ate to rue* Translated from the Latin, 
Jf^h Remarhs upon each Chapter t and an Answer to alt the Heresies therein, 
Lond. 1727. Bro. The Occasional Historian^ No. 1. Lond. 1730 ; Nob. 2 
and 3, 1731 ; No. 4 and last, 1732. This was written against the Crafts- 
man, in pursuance of an advertisement inserted in the London Evening Post 
of Sept. 26, 1730. << Whereas the Craftsman has for some time past openly 
declared himself to be a root and branch man, and has made several injust 
and scandalous reflections upon the family of the Stuarts, not sparing even 
king Charles the first : this is to give notice, that if he reflects further upon 
any one of that line, I shall shake his rotten common-wealth principles into 
atoms. Matthias Earbbky." He died October 3, 1740. There is a 
neat small portrait of bim in gown and band, *< jam politice denatus, postea 
resnrrectnms cum patriA," J. Cole, sculp, from a picture by J. Fry. 
• Mr. Eyston was fifty-four years old at the time of his deaths 



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476 RELIQUIiE 1721. 

well as I have known him, and returned home that 
evening, but it seems some time after he was seized 
with a diabetes, of which he died, and was buried 
in Hendred church yesterday. 

This worthy gentleman lent me, on Saturday, 
Sept 23d last, a printed book, intitled, Memoires 
of the Family of the Stuarts y and the remarkable 
Providences of God towards them ; in an Hista-' 
rical Account qf the Lives qf those his Majesty's 
Progenitors qfthat name, that were Kings ifSeot^ 
land. Lond. 168S, 8vo. Mr. Eyston bought this 
book out of Mr. Ravenscroft's study, and at the be* 
ginning of it he hath written, 

** Charles Eyston, 
1709. 

Quaere, whether this book was not written by sir 
George Mackensie, notwithstanding what is insinu* 
ated in the preface, as if it had been written by a 
Scotch minister ?*" 

At the same time he sent me a letter, (being the 
last I received from him,) dated at East Hendred, 
Sept. 22, which I shall here insert at large : 

East Hendred, Sept. 22, 1721. 
Hon'** Deare Sir, 

I most humbly thank you for affording me so 
much of your good company when I was last in Ox- 
ford. I know how precious time is with you, so am 
the more obliged to you for spending so much of it 
with me. I also thank you for the loane of Robin- 



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ir«l- HEARNlANiE. 477 

s(m's Anatomy. I herewith retoume it to you^ and 
in it you will find Mr. Latton's paper, which I can 
make nothing of. I also send you the Memaires of 
the Famify of the Stewarts; which is the booke I 
mentioned to you, to have bought out of Mr. Ravens- 
catciVs library, whose catalogue, I feare, I have lost ; 
for I have made a most diligent search after it, and 
cannot find it. In the life this authour gives us of 
king Robert the second, you'll not find he mentions 
any children begotten by him extra matrinumium. 
Some acquaintance of mine, of wh<mi I had opinion, 
(but who it was, I cannot call to mind,) told me it 
was written by sir Geoi^ Mackensy, which moved 
me to put the querie you will find under my name 
in the first leafe of the booke. I have also examined 
Spotwood and Heylin, and find they take no notice 
of any such thing. So I humbly offer to your con- 
sideration, whether it may not be proper for you to 
make a marginal remarke upon that passage in For- 
done, where he speakes of children begotten by king 
Robert the second upon the body of Elizabeth More, 
extra matrimonium. For many, prejudiced to the 
family of the Stewarts, may, from the report of so 
famous an authour as Fordoune is, poyson the world 
with a notion, that king James the first and his 
whole posterity (not excepting the illustrious house 
of Hanover) are of a spurious and illegitimate de- 
scent. Would you {^ase to come over, I could en- 
large on this discourse, but doe not think proper to 
doe it by way of letter. My whole family present 



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478 RELIQUI^ 172L 

you with theyr best respects, and would bee heartily 
glad to see you. I am, with affection and sincerity, 
Deare sir. 
Your most faithfull and obliged humble servant; 

Charles Eyston. 

I herewith send you Burnett's Record, and the 
note you gave me of the History of Glastonbury. 

I told my friend, in my answer to this letter, that 
what was said by the Scotch histcHians about Robert 
III. being illegitimate, is altogether false, and that 
I should have many things in my edition of Fordun 
to conftite this assertion. I told him I designed to 
walk over to Hendred, (as indeed I did speedily, 
had he lived,) and desired him to get what he could 
against my coming, that might be of use to me in 
this very material affair. Upon Mr. Eyston's sug- 
gesting that the abovementioned book was written 
by Sir George Majcken%y^ I have made some in- 
quiry as to that point, but cannot find it true. Nor 
indeed does Mr. Wood mention any such thing in 
his Athena Oxon. or in the MSS. additions and 
corrections under his own hand (many of which are 
not in the second or spurious edition of the said 
Athenai) in the Ashmolean museum. Bishop Ni- 
colson, in p. 153 of his Scottish Historical Library^ 
mentions some such book, printed in 1683. ** To 
this king's (Robert II.'s) reign," saith he, (** he hav- 
ing been the first that bore the name of Steward,) 
we may refer R. Watson's p Memoirs of the Family. 

P " 8vo. Lond. 1683." 



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J721— 22- HEARNIANiE. ^9 

of the Stewards : with his Historical Account of the 
Idves of the Kings of that Name. The author, as 
his work sufficiently shews, was a peevish and dis- 
contented writer; having been, a little before his 
publishing of it, turned out of his ministry at Edin- 
burg.** But I take this to be a different book from 
the former, in which there is nothing peevish ; but 
as the author takes no notice of Robert Illd's being 
m^timate, (which he knew was a false report,) so 
he speaks honourably of Mary queen of Scots, and 
not like those peevish, malapert writers, who have 
so maliciously asperst her. 

JVbr. 20. Money is so extreme scarce at present, 
(occasioned by the South sea buUde,) that the like 
was never known in this kingdom ; insomuch that 
the news informs us, that London was never known 
to be so thin within the memory of man ; not half 
of the members of parliament being come up, and a 
bill is seen upon almost every door^. 

Dec. 24. An English divine, in a sermon at St. 
Marie's, in Cambridge, on 1 Sam. xvii. 7. once en- 

4 This it corrobonted by the followiiig extract from the poblidc papers of 
Dec. 9. *' Those who seem to know the towD (London) yery well, tell us, 
« there cannot, opon a moderate computation, be allowed less than 30,000 
'< people diiference, between what are now in town and what were here this 
** time twelvemonth. We perceive the town to grow thinner daily, and seve- 
** ral families will fly into the country, under a pretence of keeping Christ- 
*' mas, who will not appear here again till next winter at soonest We shall 
^ not be thought to reckon extravagantly, if we allow 20,000 more for this 



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4SE> HELIQUIJS 1721-^2« 

tertained liifl auditory with a discourse conoeming 
the dimensioiis of Goliah's beame, which extorted 
this expfression from one then present, ^< The man 
hath not divinity enon^ to save the soul of a gnat.** 

1721—23. Jam. 28. Out of a l^ter to me fitxn 
John Bridges, esq. Jan. 25, 1721 — ^22. 

** Mr. Murray, with other of your Mends, are very 
pressing with me to print the draught of your fiice, 
which Mr. Tillemans by stealth took for my satis- 
faction ; but I've no inclination to doe it without 
your consent ; and if that be had, I would readily be 
at the charge of its being taken again : for tho' under 
the disadvantages Tillemai^ was, he has made so 
lovely a representation, that every body knows it to 
be yours; yet I think 'tis capable of being much 
improved; and ^ also my opinion the world should 
know somewhat of the figure of one, to whose in- 
dustry and learning our British antiquaries are so 
much obliged." 

^* To John Bridges, esq. 
« Hon«* Sir, 

^ I thank you for your well penned letter of the 
25th inst. but I humbly b^ leave to be excused from 
giving my consent to what you so kindly propose 
in it" 

Feh. 5. Dr. Robert Harris, formerly head of Tri- 
nity college, Oxon, being asked about the best edi- 
tions, used to say, that what was said of Homer was 



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1721—22. HEARNIANi£. 481 

true of the Others and the first popish writers, viz. 
That was the best still, which was least corrected. 

Feb. 10. Whereas the umyersity disputations on 
Ash Wednesday should b^in exactly at one o'clock, 
they did not begin this year 'till two or after, which 
is owing to several colleges having altered their hour 
of dining from eleven to twelve, occasioned firom 
people's lying in bed longer than they used to do. 

March 21. The parliament, which hath conti- 
nued seven years, being dispersed, and writs out ios 
a new one, yesterday sir John Walters and young 
Tom Rowney (for his father hath desired to be ex- 
cused from any longer being elected) were chosen 
burgesses for the city of Oxon, in opposition to coun- 
sellor Wright and coimseUcnr Hawkins, who made 
just nothing at all of it. 

March 22. Yesterday morning, at nine o'clock, 
was a convocation for electing burgesses for the uni- 
versity. The candidates were the two old members, 
Mr. Bromley and Dr. Clarke ; but many having a 
mind to get Clarke out. Dr. King, principal of St. 
Mary Hall, was put up against him^ The convo- 

' Upon its beiDg known that Dr. King's friends intended to nominate 
him, in case of a general election, against Dr. Clarke, the supporters of the 
sitting member were so angry, that a letter was drawn up, signed by most 
of the heads of houses, and forwarded to the chancellor, lord Arran, in which 
King was characterized as '' a fomentor of differences, a disturber of the 
peace, and, (continues Heame,) I know not what. Upon which some pas- 

I i 



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482 RELIQUIiE 1721—22. 

cation continued 'till about half an hour after four 
in the afternoon, when it appeared that Dr, King 
had lost it by a very great majority, the poll stand- 
ing thus, the number whereof on the right hand sig- 
nifies dubious votes : 

Bromley - - 337 — 60 
Clarke - . 278 — 49 
King - - . 159 — 36 
Upon which the election was declared; tho' a 
scrutiny being desired, the compleating of the busi- 
ness was put off till this morning, when there was 
another convocation. But there being such a vast 
disproportion, the throwing out the bad vetoes signi- 
fied nothing to the interest of Dr. King, who there- 
upon acquiesced, and Mr. Bromley and Dr. Clarke 
are declared duly elected. I heartily wish Dr. King 
had succeeded, he being an honest man, and very 
zealous for king James, whereas Clarke is a jHtifull, 



sages psssed between my lord Arran and Dr. King, and the doctor redgned 
his secretaryship, (worth above 100 guineas a year, as I beard the doctor 
say,) and Mr. Henry Watkins, M. A. senior student of Christ Churdi, is 
laade his lordship's secretary.'* I may be allowed to give my own o]rinioB» 
that Dr. King's resignation, and the '* passages" diat preceded it, did not 
arise in consequence of the letter alluded to above, but from an attempt on 
the part of the chancellor to dissuade Dr. King from opposing the old mem* 
bers, a proceeding totally at variance with the reputation and established 
bsage of the university. But, as Dr. Gibson tells us, in a letter addressed to 
a noble lord, and printed on the occasion, ** the secretary chose rather to 
resign his employment than desist." His friends became the more zealous 
in consequence of this forced resignation, and, as well as himself, resolved 
to persevere in their attempt, with what success will be seen from Heame's 
account of the election. The poll was afterwards printed in 4to. Oxford, 
1722, under the snperintendance of Joseph Bowles, M. A. keeper of the Bod- 
leian, who was writer for Mr. Bromley and Dr. Clarke. 



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1722. HEARNIANiE. 483 

proud sneaker, and an enemy to true loyalty, and 
was one of those that threw out the bill against oCf- 
casional conformity in queen Anne's time, and not 
only so, but canvassed the court to lay the bill aside, 
he being then member of parliament for East Lowe, 
in Cornwall, for which reason he was afterwards put 
by for that borough. Dr. King had 82 single votes 
in this election. One hath told me since the elec- 
tion, that he could mention fifty (or thereabouts) 
that had failed the doctor. 

March S3. This week I bought Taylor the water 
poet's litUe thing, called The Old, Old, very Old 
Man, being the Life of Thomas Par ; but, tho' un« 
bound, it cost me two shillings, and is a very great 
rarity. 

April 20. Last night I was in onnpany of Dr. 
HaUey and Mr. Bradley, our two Savilian professors. 
Dr. Halley hath a strange odd notion, that Stones 
henge is as old, at least almost as old, as Noah's 
floud. Dr. Halley hath also an odd notion, and he 
is very positive in it, that SUchester, in Hampshire, 
is Antoninus's Calleva. But when he is possessed 
of a notion, he very hardly quits it. 

June 8* On Friday last was pulled down the fa- 
mous Postan-Gate, in Oxford, called the Turl OstQ 
commonly, (being a corruption for Thorold Gate,) 
which was done by the means of one Dr. Walker, a 

lis 



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484 RELIQUIiE 1722. 

phjTBician, who lives by it, and pretends that 'twas a 
detriment to his house. 



June 9. Yesterday, in my walks, I called upon 
my friend John Powdl, of Sandford, esq. who told 
me, that the prioress .and nunns of Littlemore used 
to demand of the abbey of Abbington a good piece 
*of roast beef for every Sunday in the year. Mr. 
Powell told me, Ant. a Wood used sometimes to 
call at his house, on purpose to inquire of him about 
antiquities. Old Ralph Sheldon, of Beoly, esq. (com- 
monly called Great Sheldon^) was Ant. a Wood's 
great friend, and Anthony used sometimes to go and 
lye at his house. When he was there one time, 
some young ladies there, having a mind to make 
sport with Anthony, put some antimony and some- 
thing else into his liquor, which made him so sick, 
that it was thought he would have died ; at which 
Mr. Sheldon was confounded angry with the ladies, 
who did it out of a frolick, Anthony being looked 
upon by them as a quere fellow. 

Aug. 14. On Thursday last the duke of Marlbo- 
rough was buried in Westminster, with the greatest 
pomp and splendour ever any prince was buried 
there. 

Mist, the journalist, had began to print an account 
of the Ufe of that compleat villain, the said duke, con- 
taining many very remarkable things about his knan^ 
jrery, which so vexed the party, that they hindred 



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1722. HEARNIANiE 485 

him from gcni^ on» seized his papers and materials^ 
and put what he had into the utinost confusion. 

Aug. 20. Wednesday last, (Aug. 15») a proclama- 
tion offering a reward of 1000/. for apprehending 
Mr. Thomas Cart, a non-juring dergyman, was i»» 
sued out by the government, information being given 
against him for high treason*. This Mr. Cart is a 
very ingenious man» and was of Brazen-Nose college 
in this university ^ Many persons are taken up, and 
orders given to take up others, a plot being to be 
laid before the parliament at their meeting. 

Aug. 34. Great Marlow, in Budcs, tho' a poor 
market, and but a poor town, is yet very pleasanfly 
situated upon the Thames. There is plenty of fish, 
com, and wood there. Whence the people there 
commonly say : Here is fish for catching^ com for 
snatckingf and wood for Jetching. 

Oct. 9. Dr. Stukley, fellow of the Royal Society, 

• Carte made his escape into France, wbere he remained under the as- 
smned name of PhiBps, till queen Careline, who was an nniyersal patroness 
of learned men, obtained leave fbr him to return home, which he did before 
1730. It is singular, that the proclamation, as advertised in the Gazette, 
gave a description of Carte*s person which was almost in direct contradic- 
tion to the truth ; " About 33 years of age, a middle-sized, raw-boned man, 
goes a little stooping, sallow complexion, witii a full grey or blue eye, his 
eye-fids fair, inclined to red, and commonly wears a fight coloured peruque : 
descr^do ci^ns penecontrarium est verum," says Dr. Rawfinson (in some of 
his own Latin) who knew him weU, and has been at some pains to collect 
materials, fbr writing his Life, in tiie MS. continuation to the jiihetup. 

* He was matriculated of University college, at tiie age of twelve, July 8, 
1698, ** Tho. Cart 12 Sam. C. Clifton super Dunmore, cler. f." lUg. Matrie. 
Univ. Oxon. AZ. 

lis 



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486 RELIQUI^ 1722— 2S. 

is making searches about the Roman ways. He is 
a very fandfull man^ and the things he hath pub^ 
lished are built upon fancy. He is looked upon as 
a man of no great authority, and his reputation 
dwindles every day» as I have learned from very 
good hands. He hath puUished a draught of Old 
Ferulam, with strange, fandfoll things. He hath 
published a draught of Waltkam Cross, all fimcy» 
yet the cross is standing, and Mr. Bridges hath pub- 
lished a true draught of it. 

1722 — ^2S. Jan. 18. Last Monday, the 14th inst. 
(the 14th being always the day,) was All Sauls col- 
lege Mallard, at which time 'tis usual with the fel- 
lows and their friends to have a supper, and to sit 
up all night drinking and singing. Their song is 
the mallard, and formerly they used to ramble about 
the college with stidcs and poles, &c. in quest of the 
mallard, but this hath been left off many years. 
They tell you the custom arose from a swinging old 
mallard, that had been lost at the foundation of the 
college, and found many years after in the sink. 

Feh. 13. The first catalogue of books sold by auo 
Han was the library of Dr. Seaman ; the second was 
that of the Rev. Mr. Thomas Kidner, A. M. rector 
of Hitchin, in Hartfordshire, beginning Feb. 6, I67f''* 

• On the prognaa of leUing books by catalogtKs, see an article by tbe 
late Mr. Goagfa, in NicboU't Liierar^ Anecdotes^ toI. iii. p. 608 ; and Dib- 
din'a BibHtmumia, 402» 408» 418, &c. Dr. Laxaraa Seaman'a books soUl 
lor set^n handred pounds. Calamj, Eljecied Almiiiert, U. 17. 



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1722—23. HEARNIANiE. 487 

Feb. 21. Ant. ^ Wood hath no account of Edw. 
Halle, that writ the " Chramde^^' in his AthefUB 
Oxom. but in the spurious edition of these AtheruB 
there is an account of him, and there are two edi- 
tions ci that Chronicle there mentioned, one in 1548, 
the other in 1550. I have this Chronicle, and it 
bears the latter date. Bishop Nicholson, in the folio 
edition of his English Historical Library y gives a 
pow, paultry, false account of this Chronicle, and 
makes it to be dedicated in a very flattering epistle 
to king Hen. VIII. but all the copies (which indeed 
are but three) I have yet seen are dedicated to £dw« 
VI. and the dedication is far from being flattering. 
The materials of this Chronicle are excellent, and 
the style mascuUne. One would think bishop Nichol-> 
son had never seen the book, at least not read it. 

Feb. 27. It hath been an old custom in Oxford 
for the scholars of aU houses, on Shrove Tuesday, to 
go to dinner at ten clock, (at which time the little 
bell, called pancake bell^ rings, or at least should 
ring, at St. Maries,) and at four in the afternoon ; 
Imd it was always followed in Edmund hall, as long 
as I have been in Oxford, till yesterday, when they 
went to dinner at twelve, and to supper at six, nw 
were there any fiitters at dinner, as there used al* 
ways to be. When laudable old customs alter, 'tis 
a sign learning dwindles. 

s «' The bM EdwKrd Halle's Cbronide ii a book that bath been sold for 
veren gmneas or seren poonda.*' Jao. 21, 1722-3. 

ii4 



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486 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

March 9Q. Last Sunday, in the afternoon, preach- 
ed at St. Peter^s in the East, Oxon. before the uni-r 
versity, Mr. WilL Peche, fellow of St. John's collide. 
It was remarkable, that his sermon was not iibwe 
five minutes long, or very little more, and that it 
was shorter than his prayer. This Mr. Peche is a 
very good scholar, and was formerly a studious man. 

1728. April 6. My Mend Mr. Murray, the cu- 
rious collector of books, tells me he is 53 years old. 
He tells me, one Mr. Aynsworth (who will not take 
the oaths) understands our English coyns, he be- 
lieves, as well, if not better, than any man in Eng- 
land ; that he is a mighty modest man, an excellent 
scholar, and hath been about seven years about a 
Dictionary, in the nature of Littleton's. He was 
author of the Catalogue (which is printed) of Mr. 
Elemp's Rarities, a thick 8vo. But most of the said 
Rarities were a cheat. He is a married man, and 
lives at Hackney, near London. 

April 7. I heard Mr. Bagford (some time before 
he dyed) say, that he walked once into the country 
on purpose to see the study of John Bunyan. When 
he came, John received him very civilly and cour- 
teously, but his study consisted only of a Bible and 
a parcell of books, (the Pilgrim's Progress chiefly,) 
written by himself, all lying on a shelf or shelves. 

April 13. Mr. Murray told me t'other day, that 



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1723. HEARNIANiE. 489 

my collection of books was the oddest that ever he 
saw ; and he said, if I were to sell them by auction, 
they would bring as much money, (for the numbar 
of them,) he believed, as ever any collection sold in 
England ; nay, said he, I believe much more, con- 
sidering the character you have estaUished. 

Castelio, that very great and good humble man, 
had nothing, when he dyed, to bury him, but a most 
exceUent study of, books, and he was carryed to his 
grave by his own scholars, who could not but admire 
the excellencies of their master, who was so great a 
despiser of money, 

April 20. What is said about Lamb-dayt in page 
149 of Blount's Tenures^ as belonging to Kidhng- 
ton, in Oxfordshire, is a mistake for Kirtleton ; un- 
less the same custom also belonged to Kidlington 
formerly, and is discontinued since. It seems, on 
Monday after Whitson week, there is a fat live Iamb 
provided, and the maids of the town, having their 
thumbs tyed behind them, run after it, and she that 
with her mouth takes, and holds, this lamb, is de- 
clared lady of the lamb, which being dressed with 
the skin hanging on, is carried on a long pole before 
the lady and her ccmipanions to the green, attended 
with musick, and a morisco dance of men, and ano- 
ther of women, where the rest of the day is spent in 
dancing, mirth, and jollity. The next day the, lamb 
is part baked, part boyled and rost, for the ladies' 



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490 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

feast, where she sits majesticaUy, (and much respect 
is shewed to her») at the upper end of the taUe, and 
her companions with her, with musick, and otbeat 
attendants, which ends the solemnity. Mr. Blount 
does not tell us the reason of this custom, but I am 
told 'tis upon account of the inhabitants being toU 
free in Oxford and other places. I was told yester- 
day, that the same custom belonged formerly to 
Wightham, in Berks. 

April 22* The editions of classicks of the first 
print, (commonly called Editiones Principes^) that 
used to go at prodigious prices, are now strangely 
lowered ; occasioned, in good measure, by Mr. Tho. 
Rawlinson, my friend's, being forced to sell many of 
his books, in whose auction these books went cheap, 
tho' English history and antiquities went dear : and 
yet this genfleman was the chief man that raised 
many curious and classical books so high, by his ge» 
nerous and couragious way ci bidding. 

April SO. On Wednesday last the sessions b^;an 
at the Old Baily, when SaUy Salisbury was tryed 
for an assault upon the hon. Mr. Finch, with an in* 
tent to murder him : she was found guilty of the 
former, and acquitted of the latter 3". This Sally Sa- 

r SaUj Pretteyn, alias Sally SalUbnry, baviag been oonrkted of aasaolt- 
ing and wonnding the Hon. John Finch, esq. waa tq paj 1001. to snffiBr twtdre 
months impriaonmenty and to find aecoiitiea for her good behaTkmr for two 
years after. MUe^ Jwumal^ Monday, 29th April, 1733. In a sobseqaent 
place, Heame says, ** There are two hooka in Sfo. come out about the Lifo 



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1725. HEARNIANjE. 491 

lidbfury (now 38 years of age) is the greatest w . . . • 
in England. She is extreme handsome, and of a 
fluent tongue. 

May 1. I am informed, that mj friend Dr. Mead 
hath lately purchased the head of a very old statue 
of Homer. It is very fine, and represents him blind, 
and is said to have been part of the Arundel collec- 
tion. What is become of the lower part, I know 
not. It was valued at 800 guineas, but the doctor 
had it for 50 guineas^ 

May 18. A sham plot having been contrived, and 
the bishop of Rochester (Dr. Francis Atterbury) be* 
ing accused as one in it, (they having forged three 
letters in his name in cipher, which Wills, the de-- 
cipherer, hath interpreted,) last week his lordship 
was u]K)n his tryal, but was hindered making his 
defence. However, he spoke a most excellent speech 



of Mn. Sally Salisbury, one of balf a crown price, (with ber picture before 
H,) the other of \2d, price, without her picture. In the latter 'tis said the 
cdebrmted poet, Matdiew Prior, esq. had to do with her, and that one of her 
admirers was the lord BnlUngbroke, who indeed is noted for an amorous 
man. VoL xcr. p. 127. See under October 12, 1724. 

■ Thb valuable bronze is noir in the British Museum, and has been en- 
graved in the second part of the ancient marbles preserved in that natiimal 
gallery, plate XXXIX. It was purchased at Dr. Mead's sale, in 1765, by 
the earl of Exeter, and presented to tiie Museum by that nobleman in 1760. 
Although long conridered as a bronxe of Homer, Mr. Taylor Combe has 
deariy shewn that it was intended for some other poet, and he inclines to 
suppoee it a portion of the statoe of Pindar, placed before the portico al 
Atiiens, and existing in the time of Psiusanias. The poet is represented as 
in extreBM <M age, tiie head inclining forwards, with a short beard, hollow 
eyes, and crowned with a narrow diadem. 



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492 RELIQUI^ 1723. 

of more than two hours long» in delivering which he 
is said to have £Eunted twice, having been strangely 
harrassed and insulted. 

Charles Aldrich, D. D.a rector of Henley upon 
Thames, on the thanksgiving day, (for preserving 
us from the plague,) on the 25th of April last, 
preached before the house of commons, and hi&r ser- 
mon (by their order) is just printed ; but, which I 
am sorry for, 'tis poor canting stuff, altogether whig- 
gish and flattering, against the poor king (James 
III.) and honest men, and as much ia praise of the 
duke of Brunswick and his government, and those 
that are for him. But poor Charles hath a bad, 
vexatious, furious wife, that pushes him on to these 
things, being angry that he is not preferred. There 
is also false history in the sermon. For whereas he 
dates the firm establishment of the Protestant reh^ 
gion from the very beginning of queen Elizabeth's 

> CharleB Aldrich, nephew of tiie dean of Christ Chorcii, wm edocated at 
Westminster, elected to Christ Chnrch as a student in 1699, took the degrees 
of B. A. April 23, 1703, M.A. March 12, 1705, B.D. May 7, 17 15, D.D. Oct. 
13, 1722. He died of apoplexy in tiie rectorial hooae of Henley upon Thames, 
Nor. 8, 1737, and was buried witlun the rails of the communion table, in 
that chnrch, on the lOdi of the same month* By his last will he left his li- 
brary to his successors at Henley for ever, in these words : ** I give and be- 
queatii all my study of books to the rectory of Henley, bdng deurous to lay 
tiie foundation of a parochial library, begging my successor, or the pariah, 
to provide a room for them, if God should not spare my life to do so." The 
books were originally deponted in the rectorial house, but being placed in a 
damp room, sustained considerable injury, on which account they wtte 
removed to the vestry, about the year 1777, where they now remain. There 
is no monument or inscription to Dr. Aldrich in the church, but a small 
stone in tiie pavement of the chancel marics the qiot of his intennent. 



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1723. HEARNIAN^. 49S 

reign, it is manifestly wrong. For the popish reli- 
gion continued for a considerable time, her counsel- 
lors were popish, and the liturgy too popish for se- 
veral yeare^. 

May 26. Some time last night died Dr. John 
Hammond, canon of Christ Church, Oxford, aged 
about 84 years. He took the d^ree of M. A. Nov, 
28, 1664, that of B. D. Nov. 27, 1679, and that of 
D. D. May 8, 1680. He went out grand compoun- 
der for both these last degrees. He dyed of a dropsy, 
and desired (for he had his senses to the last) to be 
buried next Tuesday, between seven and eight clock 
at night^. When he was a young man, he was very 
weak and infirm, and 'twas not exspected he would 
live long. His physician advised him to use a horse, 
which he submitted to, but was so very ill, that at 
first he could hardly go through Christ Church 
quadrangle, (for in those times horses and coaches 
were not suffered to come into the quadrangle, tho' 
it be otherwise now,) and was not able to get up the 
horse of himself; but after a little use, he grew 
strong and healthy, and so continued ; tho' it was 
exercise that did it, (for he was a very great rider 



^ It w%B singular that Aldrich sboald preacb a sermon of this description, 
as he bad been appointed chaplain to bishop Atterbury not more than a fort- 
night before that prelate's apprehentdon, and was besides under considerable 
obligations to him. 

« Accordingly he was buried in the cadiedral of Christ Church on Tues- 
day night T. H. 



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494 RELIQUI^ 1723. 

and hunter,) which he was obliged, through old age, 
to leave off for some time before he died, otherwise 
he might have held out much longer. Tis probaUe 
that his distemper, when young, might be a dropsi*^ 
cal humour, which was expelled by exercise, and re- 
turned when he gave over exercise. He was a man 
that did not read much, and was not noted for any 
learning. When I came first to Oxford, I remem- 
ber I heard him preach at Christ Church, (and I do 
not know that he hath preached since,) when 'twas 
said it was the best sermon he ever preached in his 
life. His wife (who was a mighty fine woman) hath 
been dead many years, I think near thirty. She was 
a great gamester. 

June 2. On Monday morning last, (May 24,) died 
at his house at Godwood, in Sussex, Charles Lenox, 
duke of Sidimond, knight of the most noble order 
of the garter. He was b^otten by king Chaiies the 
second on the body of Lovisa de Querovall, a lady of 
French extraction, and an attendant on Henrietta 
dutchess of Orleans, when she came into England 
to give' a visit to the king her brother, an. 1670. 
She was afterwards made dutchess of Portsmouth. 
This duke of Richmond, whom I saw some years 
agoe, and conversed with in Oxford, was a man of 
very little understanding, and tho' the son of so 
great a king as king Charles II. was a man that 
struck in with every thing that was whiggish and 



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i728. HEARNIANiE, 495^ 

opposite to true monarchical principles. He is suc- 
ceeded in his honour and estate by his son, Charles 
earl of March. . 

June 4. A pardon passed the seals last week for 
the late lord Bolinbroke. By which it appears, that 
what I formerly heard asserted by several, that tl^is 
lord is not a man of integrity, but a traitour, and 
that he was one of those that hindered the restaura- 
tion of king James III. is true. 

June 15. The late bishop Smalridge, when he 
was dean of Christ Church, (for 'twas before he was 
bishop,) being one night at the play, to hear Cato 
acted, there was great notice taken, that a man of 
his order and dignity should be there ; and sitting 
near some ladies that laughed upon this occasion, 
the dean thereupon spoke to one or two of his ac- 
quaintance that were by him, and told them, that 
the ladies laughed at him, adding, '^ Sure the ladies, 
by laughing so, think themselves to be at church ;" 
which being heard by them, they continued silent 
all the time after. 

June 17* Mr. William Baxter died lately, in the 
78d year of his age. He was nephew of the famous 
presbyterian, Mr. Richard Baxter, and was himself 
also first a presbyterian, but afterwards a pretended 
convert .to the, church of England, tho' hardly any 
one looked upon him as sincere on that account. He 



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496 RELlQUIiE 172S. 

was a learned, but whimsical, man. He published 
one book against Mr. DodweU, in defence of lay- 
men's administering the communion. He writ and 
published notes upon Horace, but not very much 
esteemed by the most curious men, tho' I have 
heard it commended by some. He published also 
critical notes upon Anacreon, but for that was taken 
to task by the famous Mr. Joshua Barnes. When 
he did these two books, he was a schoolmaster, 
which profession, I think, he followed to the last. 
He hath written and published other things, but the 
last that he printed (which was done at London in 
17199 with his picture in a hat at the b^inning) 
was Glossarium Antiquitatum Sritannicarum, an 
8vo. book, dedicated to Dr. Mead. In this book he 
brings all names of places from the British language, 
and strangely indulges his fancy, which makes his 
book therefore not much regarded by judicious men. 

June 22. On Tuesday last, (June 18,) between 
twelve and one, the deprived bishop of Rochester^, 
set out from the Tower, in the navy barge, attended 
by Mr. Morris, (the bishop's son in law,) and his 
lady, (the bishop's daughter,) having a sign manual 
for that purpose. CoUonel Williamson, who had 
warders with him, conducted him aboard the Aid- 
borough man of war, lying in Long Beach. Two 
footmen attended his lordship in purple liveries, him- 
self being dad in a lay habit of grey doth. Great 

' Dr. Attejrbuiy. 



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1723. HEARNIANiE. 497 

numbers of people went to see him take water, and 
to take their leave, many of whom accompanied him 
down the river in barges and boats. We hear that 
two messengers went on board the man of war to 
see him landed at Ostend, from whence, 'tis said, he 
will proceed to Aix la Qiapelle, after staying two 
or three months at Brussels. The duke of Whar- 
ton made a present to the late bishop of Rochester, 
before his departure, of a rich sword, with the fol- 
lowing mottoes on the blade, viz. on one side. Draw 
me not without reason ; and on the other^ Put me 
not up without honour. 

June 29* Beyond High bridge, (in the suburbs of 
Oxford, by Rewly, is a little house, called Antiquity 
JBall, which one Wise, of Trinity college, and one 
Tristram, of Pembroke college, (both of them very 
conceited fellows, and of little understanding, tho* 
both are masters of arts,) have had a draught taken 
of, and printed, with very silly, ridiculous things 
and words in it% for which they are much laughed 
at by all people, who cannot but look upon it as one 
of the weakest things ever done. 

July 1. On Saturday morning last called upon 

• The sUly things and words which gmve Hearne so much oflfencey were 
inserted in order to ridicole some of his own plctes, in which he lias given 
explanations of the objects, or what they were intended to represent. Wise 
and Tristram have done the same, and liare introdaced Tom himself as en- 
tering at the oonrt-yard, holding up his gown heUnd, according to his usual 
' of walking. 

Kk 



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498 RELIQUI^ - 17». 

me, Mr. Gecnrge Parker, the figure flinger, in Ub 
journey out of Worcestershire, whither he had went 
about three weeks before from London to see friaids 
and relations. This Mr. Parker was bom at Ship- 
ton upon Stour, in Worcestershire, and was appren- 
ticed to a cutter in London, (I think in or about 
Fetter-lane,) but being much addicted to astrology, 
he gave over his trade, and set up the trade of 
figure flinging, and publishing of almanacks, and 
used in his almanacks to make brave sport with 
John Patridge, a great republican, whereas George 
Parker is an honest man, and a great cavaDier, and 
much superior to Patridge, who hath been dead se- 
veral years. In queen Anne's time, Gteorge hap- 
pened to print, in his almanack, the pretender (as 
they call the chavaDier de St. George) and his sister 
(who is now dead) among the sovereign princes of 
Europe, for which he was prosecuted, and fined fifty 
libs, and hindered from printing almanacks. Upon 
which he printed only an annual Ephemeris, with 
the saints days, without doing it in the nature of an 
an almanack, tho' now the stationers let him go on 
again (if he pleases) as he did before. His Ephe- 
merides, and the account of the ecdipses, are the 
best that come out, having in these matters the as- 
sistance of Dr. Halley. Some years agoe he sold 
drink, and many honest and ingenious men used to 
frequent his house, among the rest, Mr. Eklward 
Thwaites, late fellow of Queen's college, when he 
was in London a considerable time about his lame- 



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ms. UEARNIANiE. 499 

ness, and had his 1^ then cut off hj Charles Ber- 
nard the great chirurgeon, used George's house 
much, and, I think, lay there for some time, and 
learned astrology from George, who, after Mr. 
Thwaites returned to Oxford, came over to Oxford, 
and stayed there three weeks at least, and lodged 
in Queen's college, in one of Mr. Thwaites's rooms, 
who did this out of gratitude to George, who had 
been very dvil to Mr. Thwaites in London. At 
this time I remember (altho' 'tis many years agoe) 
George was on foot, and walked from Oxford into 
Worcestershire; the night before which journey, 
Mr. Thwaites and he and I being together, (and 
none else with us,) George would often go out of 
the room on purpose to observe the heavens, and he 
told us 'twould rain the next day, at such a time. 
Accordingly, there was, at the time he said, a sharp 
shour, and George was in it himself, being then foot- 
ing it into Worcestershire, which being noised about 
Oxford, made his name famous there. He is a mar- 
ried man, and his wife living, being at this time his 
companion in his journey^. 

' Parker, the astrologer, was originally io business as a cutler, and pro- 
fessed tlie principles, and adopted the habits, of a qnaker. His wife, how- 
ever, being, at the time of her marriage, a zealoos member of die dmrch of 
England, laboured hard to oouTert her husband, whilst he as strenuously en- 
deaYoured to bring her over to his own persuasion. The result was equally 
strange and unintentioiial. Each was conrinced by the other, Geoi^ be- 
came a firm church-man, whilst his wifSe tnraed rigid quaker, and so they 
continued to the last I hare tUs anecdote on rery good authority*, and it 

• Mr. Wallis, ul acquaintance of Parker's, and brother to Dr. Wallis, 
ke^er of the acchives* who related it to Heiurne. 

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500 RELIQUIiE 1723- 

July 9. They have reprinted at London the cas- 
trated sheets of Holinshead's Chronicle, but done so 
as there is a great quarrell between some of the Lon- 
don booksellers on this sCore, some of them having 
one impression, and some another ; so that there are 
two new impressions of these sheets, in one impres- 
sion of which Fletcher Gyles, a bookseller, is con- 
cerned, and he was urgent with me to correct them, 
but I declined it, being sensible that the reprinting 
them might disoblige some gentlemen, who had 
given great prices for their books, as it seems it 
hath done. But, however, the booksellers are not 
like to be very great gainers by this work, the cas- 
trated HoUingsheads being now like to be dearer 
than those that are perfect. 

July 10. There are two fairs a year at Wantage, 
in Berks, the first on July 7, being the translation 
of St. Thomas a Becket, and the second on the 6th 

will not fail to remind the reader of a similar discnasiony attended with a 
nmilar double cotiyenion, recorded of the two RainokU's, and thus cde- 
brated by Dr. Alabaster. 

Bella inter geminos plusgnam cirilia fratres 

Traxerat ambiguus religionis apex : 
nie reformate fidei pro partibos instat, 
Iste reformandam denegat esse fidem. 
Propootis^cause rationibus, alterutrinque 

Concurrere pares, et cecidere pares. 
Quod fuit in votis, fratrem capit altemteitioe. 

Quod fiiit in fatis, perdit nterqne fidem. 
Captiyi gemini sine captirante fuemnty 
£t Tictor yicti tranafiiga castra petit. 
Quod genus hoc pugni est ! ubi rictus gaudet utepfoe^ 
Et taroen altemter se superasse d<det ! 

Wood Hist et Antiq. Oxon. lib. ii. p. 139. 



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1723. HEARNIANiE. 501 

of October, being St. Faith's day. Biit this year, 
the 7th of July being a Sunday, the fair was kept 
last Monday, and 'twas a very great one ; and yes- 
terday it was held too, when there was a very great 
match of backsword or cudgell playing between the 
hill-country . and the vale-country, Barkshire men 
being famous for this sport or exercise. And 'tis 
remarkable, that at Childrey, by Wantage, lives one 
old Vicars, a £EU*mer, who hath been very excellent 
at it, and hath now five sons, that are so expert in 
it, that 'tis supposed they are a match for any five 
in England. They always come off victors, and 
carry off the hat, the reward of the conquest, sd 
that they have not bought any hats since they have 
been celebrated for this exercise. There is also an- 
other £ur at Wantage, (which is not above two years 
standing,) called the Constable's fair, being granted 
by the high constable, upon the town of Wantage's 
chosing him out of Wantage. 

July 12. Yesterday, at one dock, was a convo- 
cation about a poetry reader, or professor, who is to 
be elected every five years, but the same person can- 
not have it above ten. Mr. Trap, therefore, when 
five years were expired, was elected without oppo- 
sition, but now there was a great struggle. For Mr. 
Warton of Magdalen college's five years being ex- 
pired. Dr. Grardiner, of All Souls college, and the 
constitution club, and many others, were resolved, 
if possible, to hinder his re-election; and accordingly 

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502 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

Mr. Randolph, fellow of All Soub coU^e, who hath 
written and published some time agoe a poem in 
Latin, pinted at the Theater, about the South sea, 
was put up, which Mr. Warton's enemies thought 
might do, because this Randolph was formeriy of 
Christ Church, which might be likely to gain all 
Christ Church for him. But when they came to 
vote, several of Christ Church were for Mr. War- 
ton, and several of Christ Church did not appear 
at all, insomudi that Randolph lost it by 86, Mr. 
Warton having 215, and Mr. Randol{A 179 votes, 
at which honest men are pleased, Mr. Warton hav- 
ing the character of a very honest, ingenious, and 
good-natured man; and nobody looks upon Mr. 
Randolph's being put up to be anything else besides 
spight. 

July 25. Yesterday, going into a shop, I saw an 
8vo. book just published, intitled, Alfred, a poem in 
xii books, the author sir Richard Blackmore, a great 
writer upon all subjects, so that he is looked upon as 
a sort of madman. He fbrmeriy writ a poem in foL 
called Prince Arthur, to flatter the prince of Orange, 
and then he writ one called JElixa, to flatter queen 
Anne, and now this is to flatter the Hanover family; 
such is the poor spirit of the man, who, however, 
when of Edmund hall, (where he had his education,) 
was a great tutor, and much respected, as I have 
often heard, for he had left that place some years 
before I was matriculated. 



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I72S. HEARNIANiE. SOS 

Jufy9S. Yesteiday I saw Mr. Freebairne, of Scot- 
land, who hath been several years with king James, 
at Rome, being timed out of his printer's place at 
Edinbuigh, and tar his honesty forced to go b^ond 
sea. 

He told me, that for three yeiurs together he was 
every day with the king. 

He said, the young prince is a mighty lively brisk 
child. 

He said, the king is very chearfulL 

He said, the queen is the finest lady living, and 
that none of the prints of her do her justice, she 
being mudi handswier than represented by them. 

Mr. Freebaime had the use of the Vatican library 
as he pleased, and transcrib'd' a great many excel- 
lent papers from thence relating to the English 
reformation, not taken notice of by our publick 
writers, 

July SO. Some years agoe came out at Oxford, a 
poem, called Merton TTaliSp the walks in the gar<- 
den of that place being every Sunday night, in the 
pleasant time of the year, thronged with young gen- 
tlemen and young gentlewomen, which growing 
scandalous, the garden gate was, at last, shut up 
quit^ and thereupon the young gmtlemen and 
others betook themselves to Magdalen collide walk, 
which is now every Sunday night in summer time 
strangely filled, just like a fair, which hath occa- 
sioned a printed letter, giving an account of an ac- 

K k 4 



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A04 RELIQUIiE 172S. 

cident that happened there between a young gen- 
tleman and a young woman. 

- Aug. 7. Dr. Jasper Mayne was minista* of Cas^ 
sington, near Oxford, which he kept after he was 
canon of Christ Church, giving this reason for it, 
Ccissington kept me^ (that is in the bad times,) and 
I now will keep CassingUm. 

Aug. 15. This morning the right rev. Dr. Tho- 
mas Wilson, bishop of Man, called upon me, and 
staid with me some time, at Edmund halL He is a 
most worthy, ingenious, learned, honest man. I 
never saw him but once before. He told me, he 
had given my lord Harley some historical MSS. 
This bishop hath done abundance of good in his 
diocese, having lived there, and instructed the inha- 
bitants in the principles of the Christian religion^ 
and published a book in the Manks and English 
language upon the subject of the Christian religion, 
being the first book ever printed in the Manks lan- 
guage. He is a most excellent, good natured, ptea- 
sant man, and hath a son, a commoner of Christ 
Church, a pretty young gentleman. The said bishop 
of Man hath written an account of the isle of Man, 
which is printed in the second edition of Gibson's 
English Camden. 

Sept 5. Yesterday, at two dock in the afternoon, 
was a smoaking match over against the Theater in 



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1723. HEARNIANiE. 605 

Oxford, a scaffold being built up foir it just at I>^- 
more'sy an alehouse. The conditions were, that any 
one (man or woman) that could smoak out thre^ 
ounces of tobacco first, without drii&ing or going 
off the stage, should have twelve shillings. Many 
tryed, and 'twas thought that a joumjrman taylour, 
of St. Peters in the East, would have been victor, 
he smoaking jBaster than, and being many pipes be-* 
fore, the rest ; but at last he was so sick, that 'twas 
thought he would have dyed ; and an old man, that 
had been a souldier, and smoaked gently, came off 
conquerour, smoaking the three ounces quite out, 
and he told one, (from whom I had it,) that, after it, 
he smoaked four or five pipes the same evening. 

Sqi)t 12. A matter of law being in debate be- 
tween two considerable tradesmen of Oxford, and it 
being to be ended by a trial by a jury of twelve men, 
after the jury had been many hours about the mat- 
ter, and sent back, and locked up together more than 
once, and after all, being not unanimous, but seven 
against five ; at last they agreed to end it by ballot- 
ting, so that he should have it, who had that side to 
which the paper, marked with suchr a dot, felL Ac- 
cordingly it fell to the party of five, so that they all 
gave in their evidence for that side. Afterwards 
one WilUams, who was one of the jury, and was the 
person that proposed this method, talking of it, the 
thing took air, and a prosecution was designed to be 
carried on against them, which one Brazier, another 



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506 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

of the jury, understandings he was so terrified, that 
he presently answered upon oath to interrogatories 
that were put to him, and confessed that he was for^ 
sworn, as indeed all the twelve were, in acting so 
contrary to all manner of justice ; it being against 
the method of our laws, destructive of all methods 
of judicature, and indeed utterly to the prejudice of 
the person that had seven, who certainly ought to 
have had the cause. The thing being so, the suit is 
as it was, and these peijured persons' verdict stands 
for nothing. 

Sept 18. Tho' the late Mr. Millington^ of Lon« 
don, bookseller, was certainly the best auctioneer in 
the world, being a man of great wit and fluency of 
speech, and a thorough master of his trade, tho', at 
the same time, very impudent and saucy, yet he 
could not, at the end of auctions, be brought to give 
an account to the persons that employed him, so 

f ** Edward BfUlingtoa wiU iie?«r be Ib i yotten wbSle hit name ie Ned» or 
be a man of remarkable elocution, wit» aenee, and modeaty rbaractera ao 
eminentlj bb, tbat be would be known by tbem among a tbouaand. Mil* 
lington (from tiie time be lold Dr. Annealey'a library) expreaied a particular 
filendabip lo me. He waa orifinally a bookseller, which be left off, being 
better cut out for an auctioneer. He had a quick wit, and a wonderful flu- 
ency of apeech. There waa nanally as mndi comedy in bis * once, twice, 
thrice,' aa can be met with in a roodeiTi play. * Where,' said MiHington, 
' is your generous flame for learning ? Who, but a sot or a blockhead, would 
liaTe money in bis podcet, and starre h^ brains?* Though, I suppose, be had 
but a round of jests. Dr. Care once bidding too leisurely for a book, says 
MUlington, < Is this your PrimiHve Chrittianii^ 7* Alluding to a book the 
honest doctor bad pcddlsbed under that title. He died in Cambridge, and I 
hear they bestowed an elegy on his memory, and de^gn to raise a monu- 
ment to bis ashes." Dunton's Life and Errors, p. 236, ed. Nichols, Lond. 
1818. 8fo, 



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li2S. HEARNIANiE. S07 

that hy that means he aUowed what he pleased, and 
no more, and kept a great number of books, that 
were not sold, to himself. Whence arose that vast 
stock of books, tho* most of them but ordinary, that 
he had when he dyed, and which, after his death, 
were sold by auction. 

Sept 21. They wrote from Dover, Sept. 14, that 
the day before^ coL Churchill, with two othar gen- 
tlemen, arrived there from Calais, by whom they re- 
ceived the following account, vul that on Thursday 
morning last, Mr. Sebri^t and Mr. Davis being in 
one diaise, and Mr. Mompesson and a servant in 
another chaise, with one servant on horseback, pur- 
suing their way to Paris, were, about seven miles 
from Calais, attacked by six ruffians, who demanded 
the three hundred guineas, which they said were in 
their pockets and portmanteaus. The gentlemen 
readily submitted, and surrendered the money ; yet 
the villains, after a little consultation, resolved to 
murder them, and thereupon shot Mr. Sebright thro' 
the heart, and gave the word for killing the Test : 
then Mr. Davis, who was in the chaise with him, 
shot at one of them, missed the fellow, but killed his 
horse ; upon which he was immediately killed, being 
shot and stabb'd in several places. Mr. Mompesson 
and the two servants were likewise soon dispatched 
in a very barbarous manner. During this bloudy 
scene, Mr. John Locke coming down a hill within 
sight of them, in his return from Paris, the ruffians 



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508 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

sent two of their party to meet and kill him ; which 
thej did before the poor gentleman was apprized of 
any danger ; but his man, who was a Swiss, begging 
hard for his life, was spared. This happening near 
a small village where they had taken their second 
post, a peasant came by in the interim, and was also 
murdered. They partly flead, and otherwise mangled, 
the horse that was killed, to prevent it's being 
known ; so that 'tis believed they did not live far 
from Calais. The unfortunate gentlemen afore men- 
tioned, not being used to travel, had unwarily dis- 
covered at Calais what sums they had about them, 
by exchanging their guineas for louis d'ors, which is 
supposed to have given occasion to this dismal tra- 
gedy. On Monday the Junior arrived in the river 
from Calais^ having on board the bodies of these un- 
fortunate gentlemen, which were carried out of town, 
to be interred in Hertfordshire, the servants that were 
killed at the same time being buried in France^. 

^ The foUowing aooonnt appeared in one of the pablic papers of the day, 
(Mist's Joomal for Satnrda^r, Nov. 2.) and is the rather to be relied on, as 
it was written hj Mr. Sebrigfat's serrant, Richard Spinddow, who recovered 
from lus wounds, and returned to England in tbt latter end of the foUowing 
October. 

<< On Tuesday, Sept 10, aboot three in the afternoon, we set out ftx>m Ca- 
lais for Bologne, in our waj to Paris : my master Sebright (the best of mas- 
ters) and Mr. Daries being in one chaise, and Mr. Monpesson and mysdf in 
another, and his own servant on horseback. About three quarters of a mile 
beyond the second post, being near seven miles finom Calais, we were set 
upon by di highwaymen, who having stopped the postillions, came up to tiie 
diaises, and demanded our money, and the same was readily surrendered to 
them ; for we had no fire-arms with us to make resistance, and even the 
gentlemen's swords were taken finom them. Then taking cs out of our 
chaises, we were aU commanded to lie down upon our foces, as were the 



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1723. HEARNIANi£. 509 

The said Mr. Sebright was the only brother of mj 
friend sir Thomas Sebright, of Beachwood, in Hart* 

pOBtilBoDt too ; wbich was^ pretently obe3red. Upon wbioh, one of the rogoet 
cmme and rifled onr pockets, and narrowly aeurhed the wasts and linings 
of oar breeches. This being done, I was ordered to get np and open the 
portmanteaus ; and as I was going to do it, I saw one of them poll the dead 
body of Bffr. Locke out of the chaise in which he had been killed, in his re- 
turn firom Paris, at some small distance from uk. This was a sad presage of 
what was like to follow. Mr. Locke's senrant, who was a Swiss, was spared ^ 
but made to lie on his face at the place where they met him. In rifling Mr. 
Sebrigfat's portmanteau, they found sdme things wrapped up, which they sus- 
pected I endeavoured to conceal, which made them cut me with a sword, 
Tery dangerously, on the head. When they had done with my master's port- 
manteau, they ordered Mr. Monpesson to open his ; who desired Mr. Se- 
bright to tell them in French, that his senrant was gone befofe, and had the 
key with him. This senrant they had met not far off, and had shot him in 
the badL ; but he not being dead, was ordered to lie down on his face ; and 
now they fSetched lum to open his master's portmanteau. 

** When they bad finished their search of the portmanteaus and cloak- 
bags, shaking erery piece of linnen, for fear of missing any money : then 
the barbarous ruflUns gave the word to kiU; whereupon one stabbed me in 
fire places in tiie body, and left me for dead ; and, with the same sword, he 
struck at BIr. DaTies several times, and deft his skull. Who was butchered 
next, or what immediately followed, I cannot tell, being stunned by one of 
^ Tillains, wlio came up to me, and stamped three times upon my head, 
as I was lying upon my face. As soon as I came a little to myself, I per- 
ceired by his groans that they were murdering Mr. Monpesson, whose throat 
they cut, and otherwise wounded him ; but he sunrived his wounds for some 



*' About that time a peasant that was accidentally passing by, was brought 
in amongst us, and made to lie with his face to the ground ; wlio, pCTcdring 
what sort of work they were upon, got up, and attempted to run away ; but 
they rode after him, and shot him dead. Atttr this, they Tisited me once 
more; and having turned me about to see if I had any life remaining, but 
observing none, they left me there, watering in my blood. The bloody 
scene being tiien ended, they padted up their booty, carrying away two 
doak-bags filled with the best of the things; and having a horse that was 
small and poor, they shot him Ihemsdves, and took away a better out of the 
diaises in his room. 

** About a quarter of an hour after they were gone, we heard the peasants 
talking over the dead bodies; and Mr. Monpesson and mysdf, lifting up our 
heads as well as we could, perodved they were carrying away what things 
were left We desired tiiem to hdp us into the diaise, but they refosed to 



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510 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

fordshire, and was gentleman commoner of Balli<d 
college, and had his master of arts d^ree given him 

do it ; tOf with much dlfficultf, Mr. MonpeMon got himself in, and I crawled 
up to it» and got ray body in, while my lega hung out ; and in that posture 
we were canyed lo a little house three quarters of a mile from the fdace, 
and one of the peasants was so kind as to lead the chaise ; the people of the 
house brought us some straw^ and laid us upon it, and there we lay in great 
misery that night. Mr. Mobpesson took notice in the night, that he thought 
the rogues were but indiffereutly paid for the drudgery of butdiering so 
many, (five persons bdng then murtfaered, and himself, who died soon after, 
made the sixth,} For, saith he, besidet watches, rings, linnen, &c. they had 
but 120 guineas amongst us all ; and the payment of the bills will be stopt 
at Paris. 

*' Mr. Sebright had dianged at Calais about 25 guineas into silver, (not 
300, as was gi?en out,) to bear our ezpences upon the road. And whereas 
it was reported, that he said to the ruffians he knew one of them ; whiofa ex- 
pression is supposed by some to have occasioned the sad catastrophe, which 
it might hare done, had it been true ; but the said report Is absolutely fislae 
and groundless, and highly injurious to the memory of that worthy, tho' un- 
fortunate gentleman. The murffaer was, doubtless, pre-concerted among 
them, and resolved upon ; and they tell us in that country, that some time 
before, a certain company had drank at a house upon the road an unoommoii 
quantity of brandy, who are supposed to be this wicked gang, in order Id 
work tiiemselTes up to a sufficient rage for the oomuutting of so much bar- 
barity. 

** Next morning we were carried from our little cottage upon the road 
bade to Calais, where sereral of the most able surgeons of the place were 
sent for to take care of us, and dress our wounds. They sowed up Mr. Man- 
pesson's throat, and folding he had a ferer, bled him, but he died a few 
hours after. 

^ Another report was spread here, and tranmitted to France, whidi in 
justice to truth and the inured person, I tiiink myself obliged to contradict, 
viz, that the woman's son, at the Silver Lyon inn at Calaia, was taken up on 
suspicion of having a hand in that horrid action, upon which account they 
hare since been great suiierers at that house : but the sud report is as folse 
as any thing can be true ; on the contrary, these pec^ bear the best of cha- 



'< I have here giren the substance of the report I made, more at large, to 
the prerident at Calais, when I waited on him some days before I left timt 
place, to thank him for the great oare he had taken in tins unhappy aAdr, 
and at the same time described to Mm the features of two of the rogues who 
had some things remarkaUe in their foces. What account the postillions 
gave of the matter, I know Bot ; but 'tis said to be little, and next to DothiBir* 



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ms. HEARNIANiE. 511 

this last summer by the university. He had a very 
good estate left him lately by an uncle% He was a 
sweet natured gentleman, and had been at Paris 
more than once. 

Sq[)t. 29. Roger Bacon guilty of a great error in 
affirming, that Christians ought to keep fairs, Jeru 
enter, and work upon the Sabbath day, as is shewed 
by Picus Mirandula Advers* Astrol. 1. ii. c. 5. F<m* 
ought I know. Bacon's notion might be the occa- 
sion, in some measure, of fairs being so much kept 
on Sundays. He thought Saturday should be a day 
of rest, because Saturn is a star not agreeable to la- 
bour, steUa rebus agendis parum cammoda etjblia. 

Oct. 3. Notwithstanding the abominable wicked- 
ness of the abjuration oath, it is incredible what 
numbers of all kinds run in to swear ; abundance 
pretending, that as 'tis a forced oath, they may do 
it, espedaUj since the imposers have no right to 
advance such an oath, and they think therefore that 
all the crime will fidl upon them. But this reason 



** A l>enoii WW wome time linoe ttkea «p at lisla, and said to be the old 
man tluu was among tfaem^^for such there was in the gang; but npon bis 
trial be did not appear to be the same: however he was brfd^ra upon the 
wbed for a robberf committed by him fonr years ago. 

*' Another person is taken np near Bologne, who is in gaol there, on ac- 
coQkit of some words tliat he q)oke, as 'tis sakl» in. a dmnken froUck ; so 
that 'tis mnch doubted that he was a person concerned, tho* he hath got a 
stone doublet by the bargain. Bot it is hoped that the perpetrators of so 
nrach wickedness will be apprehended, and in ihai case I expect to be sent 
for to Fmce. Richaud Spindblowb." Sea oftder Jnly 19, 1724. 



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15112 RELIQUIiE 1723. 

will bring off any wickedness ; and as the writer of 
these matters can by no means commend it, so the 
best of men abhor and abominate such evasions, 
which any profligate wretch may pretend on any 
other occasion*. 

Oct 4. An epitaph in Banbury church yard upon 
a young man, who dyed by a' mortification which 
seized in his toe, (his toe and leg both being cut off 
before he died :) 

* In addition to tiie oaths of allegiance and supremacy, tiie following was, 
\fy a late act of parliament, to be taken by all persons, as well men n 
women; aboTe the age of eighteen : ** I, A. B. do truly and sincerely acknow- 
ledge, profess, testify, and declare, in my conscience before God and the 
world, that our soyerugn lord king George is lawful and rightful king of 
this realm, and all other his mijestie's dominions and countries tiiereonto 
belonging : and I do solemnly and sincerely declare, that I do believe in my 
conscience, that the person pretended to be the prince of Wales, during the life 
of the late king James, and since his decease, pretending to be, and taking 
upon himself the stile and tiUe of king of England, by the name of James 
the third, or of Scotland, by tiie name of James the eighth, or tiie stile or 
title of king of Great Britain, hath not any right or titie whatsoever to the 
crown of this realm, or any the dominions thereto belonging. And I do re- 
nounce, refuse, and abjure any allegiance or obedience to him : and I do 
swear that I will bear faith and true allegiance to lus majesty Idog Geoi^ge, 
and him will defend to the utmost of my power against all traiterous con- 
spiracies, whidi I shall know to be against him, or any of them; and I do 
faithfully promise to the utmost of my power, to support, maintain, and de- 
fend the succession of the crown against him the said James, and all other 
persons whatsoever; which succession, by an act, entituled. An Act for far- 
ther Limitation of the Crown, and better securing the Rights and liberties of 
the Subjects, is and stands limited to the princess Sophia, electress slid dat- 
chess dowager of Hanover, and the heirs of her body, being protestants. And 
aU these things I do plainly and sincerely acknowledge and swear, according 
to these express words by me spoken, and according to the plain and com- 
mon sense and understanding of the same words, without any eqaivocatkm, 
mental evasion, or secret reservation whatsoever; and I do make this re- 
cognition, acknowledgment, abjuration, renunciation, and promise, heartily, 
willingly, and truly, upon the true foith of a Christian. So ke^ me Gecf.'* 



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172S. HEARNIANiG. 613 

Ah ! cruel death, to make three meals of one, 
To taste, and eat, then eat till all was gon. 
But know, thou tyrant, w° th* last trump shall call ; 
He*ll find his feet to stand, when thou shalt fall. 

Oct 19. Yesterday, in the afternoon, died in War« 
wickshire, of the small pox, after five days illness, 
the honourable Mr. CravenS brother to the right 
honourable the lord Craven, to the great reluctance 
of all that knew any thing of him, he being a noble- 
man of Magdalen colL and one of the most b^autifull 
youths that have been seen, and his other qualities, 
with respect to virtue and probity, were agreeable. 
The fenlale sex were in love with him, and many of 
them used to say he was too handsome for a man. 
He died in the 19th year of his age. 

Oct 21. The word paeb, in the Saxon tongue, 
signifies counsel or advice^ as 'tis used in some places 
to this day : and paeb apebian with the Saxons was 
to give advice, and reade thy reade with us is, to. 
take thy counsel, as in these rhjrmes ': 

With a red man reade thy read; 
With a brown man break thy bread : 
At a pale man draw thy knife ; 
From a black man keep thy wife. 

Thomas Stemhold, therefore, in his translation of 

^ Robert, tiiiid ton of WillUm leoond lord Craven, by Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Hombenton Skipwith, esq. son and heb of sir Fnhrar Skipwith, hart, 
of Newboki hall, Warwiduhire : his mother died in child-birth of him, May 
16, 1704. 

I Ray's English Pkofeits, p. 293. ed. 2d. 

Ll 



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S14 RELIQUIJE IT^L 

the first Psalm into English meeter, hath wiselj made 
use of this word : 

The man is blest that hath not bent, 

to wicked reade his eare : 
Nor led his life as sinners doe, 

nor sate in scomer's chaire. 

I naj spurious editions, because not onlj hsie, hat 
quite throughout the whole book of Pttdms, are 
strange alterations, all for the worse. And yet, noU 
withstanding, the title-page stands as it used to do^ 
and all (which is abominable in any book, much 
more in a sacred work,) is ascribed to Thomas Stenk> 
hbld, John Hopkins, and others. And jet I am con- 
fident, were Stemhold, Hopkins, and the other trans^ 
lators now living, they would be so far from owning 
what is ascribed to them, that they would proceed 
against the innovat(m as cheats, especially too since 
they have, in several places, changed the very initial 
letters that were to represent the several parts of 
the Psdms, that every one turned into meeter. This 
vrill very easily be perceived from comparing the 
spurious edition printed at London, 1728, (to be 
bound up with the Oxford edition of the Bible 
printed the same year,) with the old editions, which 
ought carefriUy to be sought after, and kept as curi- 
osities. Mr. Wood ob^rves"^, that Thomas Stem- 
hold (who died in 1549) turned into English meeter 
51 of David's Psalms, and caused musical notes to 
be set to them, and that all those Psalms which he 

■ JthoMP Oxm. Tol. i. col. 62. ed. folio, 1691. 



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1^23. HEARNIANiE. 515 

put into rlime have the letters T.B. set before^ to 
distinguish them from others. Then, saith he, con- 
temporary with Stemhold was Joh. Hopkyns, who 
is stiled to be °Britamiieomm poetanun sui tempo* 
ris non infimus, as indeed by the generality living 
in the reign of Edward VI. he was so, if not more^ 
esteemed He tum^ into meeter 5S of David's 
Psalm% which are to this dtgy sung in tfamrobesi 
and in all editions of the said Psalms (it aee&os llr« 
Wood had observed no innovations) his (#hich ha 
translated) hath set before them two letters J. H. 
Attl a litOe after, (coL 68^) be tells us, that, berides 
these two, he fi>und others to have had hands in 
making the said Psalms to run in meeter, as WilL 
Whittyngfaam, afterwards dean of Durham, and 
Thomas Norton, of Sharpenhaule or Sbarpenhoe, in 
Bedfordshine, who seems to ha^e been a barrister^ 
made 27 of the said Psalms of David to run in 
ihime. Mr. Wood afterwards gives (coL 152) &c.) 
a full and distinct account of the saidWhittjmgfaam, 
and, among other things, hath these words : ^* At 
the same time also that Whittyngham and others at 
Gkeneva tramiated the Bifak into English, he ( Whit- 
tyngham) turned into meter those Psahnes that we 
to this day sing in our churches^ inscribed with W. 
W. : they are in number fire, of which the 119th 
psalme is one, as large as 22 other psalmes, as also 
the ten commandments^ and a prayer at the end of 
the book of Psalmes*'' But now if you look into 

■ Bdens in Scr^, JUcff. Briton, p. 113. inter cent 12 et 13. 
Ll2 



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516 HELIQUIiE 172S. 

what the innovators have done, you wOl find that 
they haye ascribed the cxixth psalm to W. L. and 
not to W. W. ; to particularize no more of thenr in- 
tolerable alterations, (and to say nothing of their 
omissions,) a liberty which ought by no means to be 
permitted or approved of by such as are for unifor- 
mity, and have any regard for the old English-Saxon 
tongue, of which there are several words in the old 
editions of the singing Psalms, notwithstanding 
changed by such as were not at all versed in Saxon. 

Oct. 22. Sunday last, being the coronation of the 
duke of Brunswick, commonly called king George, 
Mr. Streat, of Merton college, who is the senior head 
proctor of the university, and his pro-proctor, Mr. 
Briton, of the same college, were with others at a 
tavern in Oxford, at an unseasonable hour. The 
vice chancellour walked that evening, and going 
into the tavern, found them there,, and dismissed 
them all forthwith, to the great reluctance, to be 
sure, of Streat and hi^ friends. 

Nov. 5. This being the powder plot, which is to 
be observed as a thanksgiving, and the prince of 
Orange's landing being jojmed with it, tho' that 
happened the day before, abundance of people seem- 
ed very indifferent in the observance of it. Nor 
were there in the evening so many bonfires as used 
to be, many people beginning to disbelieve this plot, 
from the sham plots that have been since, and look« 



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1723. HEARNIANiE. Sit 

ing upon the prince of Orange's coming as an inva* 
sion, and a monstrous injury (as it hath proved) to 
the nation. 

Nov. 7* Field's Bibles have always been looked 
upon as very correct. I mean those printed at Cam- 
bridge; but then they were counterfeited both at 
London and beyond sea: which counterfeits may 
easily be discovered by the letter (not so beautifull 
as that of Cambridge) and the correctness^ 

Nov. 12. The book called Festivall, printed by 
Winken de Worde, which is very scarce, makes 
WTiitsantide to be so called from the wit and wis- 
dome sent down that day by the Holy Ghost upon 

• Fidd, bowe^er oomect in his large and more splen^ edition, was not 
entirdy free from tbe errors which Heame attributes to tibe counterfeits 
alone. In 1656 he was examined before the sub-committee for religion, 
touching an impression in 24mo. 1653, of whidi he acknowledged to hare 
printed to the number of two thousand, but of which no less than seren thou- 
sand^ nine hundred were secured by tbe committee. In this, among other 
omisnotts and misprintings, were tbe following : for « the unrighteous shall 
flMi inherit the kingdom of God," the unrighteous tJmU ii^ierit : for « neither 
yidd ye your members instruments oi unrighteoumess unto sin," instruments 
of rigktecmsnesif beddes other oroisnons and falae readings. See JoumdU 
0fth€ Hou»e of Commons t toI. rii. page 554, 5. William Kilbume, (in his 
tract, entitnled, *' Dangerous Errours in teveral late printed Bibles," 4to« 
printed at Flasbnry, 1659, p. 7,) says, that the first error shore quoted, « is 
die foundation of a damnable doctrine; for it hatii been averred by a reve* 
rend doctor of dirinity to sererd worthy persons, that many libertines and 
lieentioas people £d produce and urge this text from the authority of this 
oormpt Bible, against his mild reproofs, in justification of ihdr vicious and 
inordinate conversations." Lilbume enumerates various errors in otiier 
Bibles bearing FSdd's name, particulariy those printed at London in 1655 
and 1656, at Cambridge in 1657, ** in 8vo. volume, which sels very much 
and very dear, at least for 8#. 6if. per book." See also Cotton's Litt of 
4NMsr,^8vo. Oilbfd, 1831, page 33. 

Lis 



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S18 R£LiaUIi£ 172s. 

the apostles ; and indeed the dd way of writing ^be 
word agrees to this deriyationP. 



p '* Gode frendU as ye know well a saterday nezte oomyng it Wytaon 
enyn, & amooge the peple for to gete hem mete & drypke. Bat yet as criste 
ImuI tbeym in Ids ascencyon. they wente in to the cite of Jherasalem | and 
ttiere they were in a baUe of stage | and there they sat togyder | preycof 
TDto god wyth bole herte. and one spiryte | of helpe & soconr. and some 
eomforte in their diseaee | Tbenne as they were tb^ preyenge togyder | so- 
deynly there was a grete dowde made in tbiure like a blast of thondre. And 
enyn tberewyth the boly gbost come emong hem | Et apparoerat illis dis- 
fsftita lingne tanquam igiiis. And ttgfate come downe emonge hem in Uk- 
oesse of tonges brenyng. and not smertyng | warmyng | and not hannyng | 
ligfatenyng | and not flyteryng £t repleti sunt omnes spirito sancto And 
fyUed hem ful of gostly wit For as tliey were to fore bat lewde men of 
sighte I and ^nlettred A rery ydeottes | as of conning, and noo thyngcowde 
of clergy. Suddenly they were the wyaeste men in tiie woride | And anone 
they spake all maner langages ynder the sonne | And there as before her 
hertes weren colds for drede and fore of dethe. Thenne were they soo cobk 
forted of the holy goost in brennyng looe | that they wente and preched | and 
taogfate the wordeof god | Sparyng for noo drede | bat redy to take the dethe 
for cristis sake." 

The abore Is extracted from a copy of T&e F§tiivaly (liber qui Tocator 
festialisy) printed by Cazton, (Caxtoa me fieri fooit,) in folio, sign, e iiQ. rar. 
The passage aflbrds but slight ground for Heame*s conjecture : on the contrary* 
this festival of the Christian church is called Whitsunday, or Whitesunday, 
because on this day, being one of the stated times for baptism in the primi* 
tire churdiy those wlio were Iwptized put on white garments as typical of 
that sfMritual purity receiTed in Iwptism. These garments were aflerwaidt 
laid up in the church, that they mif^t be eridence against sudi persons at 
violated or denied tiie faith they had previously owned at the celebntioa oC 
the ceremony. Of this there is a remariiahle instance related l^ Victor Uti^ 
•ensis, (De Persecutione Vandalorum, in Bibliotlieca Patrum, lom. V. pan 3. 
pag. 662. edit 1618.) Elpidophorus, a dtisen of Carthage, had k>ng lived ia 
the communion of the church, but apostatizing afterwards to the Afians, be- 
came a most bitter and implacable persecutor of Uie orthodox. Among aew- 
ral whom he sentenced to the rack was one Mnrittas, a venerable old deacon, 
who had himself received the apostate from the foot, and who, being ready 
to be placed on the rack, pulled out the white garment with which Elpido- 
pboros had been cloaAed at his baptism, and thus upbraided him : ** These^ 
Elpidophorus, tiiou minister of error, these are the garments that shall accoae 
thee, when thou appearest before the mi^ty of the great Judge ; these an 
they which girt thee, when thou camest pure from the holy font; and tbene 
are they which shall bitterly pursue thee, when thou shalt be cast into the 



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1723. HEARNIANiE ^1» 

Nw. 18. Last Sunday ni^t (Oct. 27) died sir 
Godfrey Kneller, knight, at his house in Queen'frt 
square. He was principal painter to his majesty; 
to which place a salary of two hundred pounds a 
year is annexed. 

Dee. 18. Mr. William Stone, LL.B. and princi-^ 
pal of New Inne halU was so wise a man, and of so 
much learning, knowledge, and probity, that Dr. 
Mill used to say, ^^ Now there are many men that 
think themselvefl fit, and would fedn be archbidu^ 
of Cairterbury, but I know no one so well qualifyed 
m Mr. Stone, tiio' he thinks himself fit for no high 
gtatum." He had been a traveller, and was founder 
of St. Clement's hospital, on the east side of Oxfords 
He lies tnuied in St. Midiael's diuh:h in Oxford, his 



fUmiDf gnlpb, because thou hast clotthed thyself with cursing as with a 
garment, and hast cast off the sacred obligation of thy baptismal vow." 

« Stone's hospital, on the east side of the ro«d leading throngh St Clei> 
ment*s to Headington hiU, was originally intended for eight clergymen's 
widows, each of whom was to have apartments, a stipend of eight, since ad- 
manoed to twelre, pounds yearly, together with a ton and a half of coals, and 
a plot of garden ground. The income of the hospital arises from an estate, 
and about 2002. in the three per cents. On the front of the building is this 
inaariplioB: 

" This Hospital, for the poor and rick, was founded by the Rer. Wil- 
liArf StONB, Principal of New Inn Hall, in hopes of thy asrittance, Anno 
Dora. 1700." 

Hie old inscription being decayed and rendered illegible, a worthy native 
and eminent medical practitioner in Oxford, Mr. Richard Curtis, repured 
and resto re d H two years since, baring, as he himself told me, always re- 
garded tiie words, m hopes of thy auitUmce, as peculiarly judidous and well 
thoaenJ At the same time, in order to lend his aid to the bencTolent inten- 
tiai #f te founder, he bestowed a benefaction, sniBcient to proride certain 
comforts for the inmates of Uie hospital, to be distributed at the fostiyal of 
ChrisUBat, for erer. 

Ll4 



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620 RELIQUI^ 1723—24. 

monument being in the college chanceL 'Tis as fol- 
lows : 

XI. S. £}. 
GUILM9 STONE Dorsetensis LL. Bacc. Erudi- 
tione^ ludido, Pietate eximius, Ingenio vero adeo su- 
pra fidem praecod, ut, Juramento susdpiendo nondum 
maturus, Gradum Academicum, quem abunde meruit, 
differre cogeretur. Egregiam banc Adolescentiae so- 
lertiam pari profectu ad Senectutem usque prsstitit. 
Et quamprimum per aetatem licuit, Ecdesis Win' 
bumensi, loco natalitio, summo cum Populi Deside- 
rio prsefidebatur. Glissente jam bdlo dvili, Pardu- 
eHium injurijs opportunus, in Exerdtum Regium se 
recepit. Ubi, per multos Labores,Damna, et Pericula, 
Offido suo strenue functus est. Succumbente tan- 
dem Caus& optim&, exteras Regiones, insigni Pruden- 
tise et Doctrinae compendio, peragravit. Post feli- 
cem Caroli 2^' reditum Winhurfue suae restitutus 
est, de amplioribus minime solidtus. Dein, aetate 
morbisqueingravescentibus, 0;ro»mi»remigrans, Re- 
quiem qualem qualem in Aulae Nov. Hosp. praefectura 
quaesivit, Ubi diu corpore infirmo conflictatus, me- 
moria tamen et judido ad extremum vegetus. Opes 
Egenis, Animam Coelo, tradidit X Kal. V^. A. D. 
MDCLXXXV, -EtatisLXX. 

1728-4. Jan. 21. The word marry ^ for an assevera- 
tion or assertion, used very commonly ; as, / marry ^ 
sir, or ah marry y sir, is nothing but Marie^ or an in- 
vocation of the Virgin Marie, and so 'tis writ in an old 



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172^—24. HEARNIANiE. 521 

passage that I have published from Lidgate's Life 
of the Virgin Maiy, a MS. neatly written on veUam, 
in a little folio, in the hands of my friend Thomas 
Rawlinson, esq. in my Glossary to Rob. of Glouc. 

This clarke also, this wise Plinius, 
Seith in Tauriche ther is an erth founde. 
That of nature is so vertuouse. 
That woU core euery maner wounde. 
Right so Marie was the eurth founde 
That oute chese God bi eleccion. 
To here the fruyte of oure redempcioun. 

Jan. 22. When Borstal house was a garrison for 
the king^ at the time it was surrendered to the par- 
liament forces, all happened to go out according to 
articles, excepting one person, who, being asleep in 
a chair in a little upper room, knew nothing of the 
matter, but awaking as the enemy came up, and 
being not apprised that the place was so surrendered, 
and thinking that the enemy was got in by force, or 

' BortUl bouaey in Backingbamshire, but immediately upon the borden 
of Oxfordshire, was a stroog staUon at the commencement of the ctvil wars. 
Anthony k Wood was there in 1646, and represents it as " a garrison with 
Idgfa bulwarks about it, deep trenches, and pallisadoes." It was qnite al- 
tered in 1668, when he again Timted it; ** now (he adds) it had pleasant 
gardens about it, and several sets of trees well growne." {Lifi, hy himself, 
Sto. 1772, p. 21 1.) There is a very interesting plate of it by Burghers, re- 
presenting it as it appeared at the end of the seventeenth century, in Ken- 
netf s ParoehkU Antiquities, Lord Clarendon telb us, the works and forti- 
fications were destroyed by the royal party, and the house itself evacuated, 
upon which the pariiament forces immediately poesesbcd die place, and gave 
so much trouble to Oxford, by intercepting Uie provisions intended for that 
dty, that eolonel Gage was directed to retake it, which was effected with 
very little loss, and proved a most important acquisition. Hitt, of the He- 
beBi9», foL voLiL p. 382. Of the story, as related above by Heame, I find 
no trace in any aocoont of the transactions of that period* ^ 



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522 RELIQUI^ 1^23-^24. 

dse by smne treacl^ry, he takes^up his halberd, and 
knocks 15 or 16 down, so that they were kUted» 
which makes the enemy fall back, arid the king^s 
foi^oes, that were marched out, understanding the 
matter, return again thereupon, and take possession 
again of the place, the parliament forces all the time 
thinking that there had been treachery, and that it 
was a stratagem only to destroy them. This story 
I had to-day from Mr. Thomas Myn, the joyner, and 
he had it from his grand£Either. 

Feb. 8. The Scots highlanders call their idadds 
brachams; and brech, in that language, signifies 
!^otted, as their plaids are of many coUours. That 
the hraduB of the old Gauls were not britches, I pre- 
sume from Suetonius, who says in Vit& Gses. *^ lidem 
in curia Galli bracas deposuerunt, et latum davum 
sumpserunt," p. 107. 4to edit Casaub.* 

Feb. 10. Praying for the dead is most certainly a 
very ancient and primitive custom, as appears from 
the j&thers. Our best English divines are also for 
it, and many use it privately, tho' not publickly. Dr. 
Isaac Barrow and Mr. Thomdyke were mightily for 
it. It is justified from 2 Maccabees xiL 44. For if 
he (Judas Maccabaeus) had not hoped that they that 
were slain should have risen again, it had been 
superfluous and vain to prayjbr the dead. And 

• So my Ute friend^ Mr. John Vrry, in a loofe bit of piper 1 found is 
Phil. Holland's Camden, that I bought oat of Mr. Vnf* itody. 



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172:^-^. HEARNIANJi. 523 

in Matt. xii. 99. we have : And whosoever epeaketh 
a word against the Son qfman, it shall hejbrgioen 
him: but whosoever speaieth against the JSofy 
Ghost, it shall not he forgiven him, neither in this 
world, neither in the world to come. Tins shews 
some sins^ of an inferiour nature, are forgiyen in the 
world to come. 

Feb. 12. As the old Britains were a rdigious 
people, so also thej were very loyal, and nied to 
adhere firmly to their princes. This the Romam 
knew very well, and therefore it was their interest, 
after Claudius had gained Britain, to make them 
have a good opinion of th^ Roman emperour, and 
of such as wore to succeed him. This they endea- 
voured to do, by representing him as a prince 
mightily in favour with the gods, and that he would 
be deified upon his death. Hence the domvs di* 
VINA, in the Chichester Inscription. Tho* domys 
AVGYSTA be looked upon a« the same in significa^ 
tion, yet the word divina was more proper, upon 
account of the use it was to be of to the Britains. 
This expressbn took place after Julius Caesar's apo» 
theods. It is of something a more sublime signifi- 
cation than aygvsta, as shewing that Claudius 
was not only of the imperial, but divine, family. 
And were not the Roman an elective monarchy, I 
should think it were to be restrained to those of the 
right line, such as Robert of Gloucester calls of the 
kund. 



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524 RELIQUIiE 1723—24. 

Feb. 13. In the same Chichester Inscription we 
have PRO salyte. In many old Roman inscrip- 
tions, PEBPETYA immediately follows salvte. And 
perhaps some may think that word is to be under- 
stood here. But had it been so, it would certainly 
have been expressed, the authors in this inscription 
aiming at perspicuity. But leaving this point, these 
broken words ... :::::: vvctobitat :::::::: clatd 
: : : : gidvbni • klc :::::: VGN bbiT.* are of more 
moment. Indeed it is the most considerable pas- 
sage in the whole monument. Dr. Bayly reads it 
thus: JEx Auctaritate imp[eratoris] Claud[ff^ et 
Cogiduhni regis magni Brit[annid.'\ He rightiy 
guesses Cogidubnus to be the same with Tacitus's 
Cogidunus. The words in Tacitus are these : "*^ Quae- 
dam dvitates Cogiduno regi donatae, is ad nostram 
usque memoriam fidissimus mansit, vetere ac jam 
pridem recepta populi Romani consuetudine, ut ha- 
beret instrumenta servitutis et reges." Mr. Cam- 
den, in his account of the Begni, (which he makes 
to have been Surry and Sussex, with the sea coast 
of Hampshire,) had this passage in his view. For 
thus he writes : * " In etymo [vods begni] quae ani- 
mum subeunt, tacitus prsetermittam, quia forsitan a 

* Thii intcriptioii was pnbliahed Id tlie PkUoupMcal Tyan$aetioiu, No. 
379. and in Stnketey's liinmxay. Hearne aftarwards gaTe a plate of it in 
Jdam de Domeram, with Dr. E. Bayly's remailu, written in a letter to a 
friend, and his own opinions on it. The rer. Mr. WilHam Clarke, dbanod- 
lor of Chichester, as wdl as Horsley, who repablished it, girt a ^fiffsrent and 
inore probable reading to the words jost quoted, viz, Cbgidubmi r. Ug^. Aug. 
iMBrU. 

• Fiia Agrie, p. 423. > BriUttmia, pag. 211. ed foL 



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1723—24. ^ HEARNIANiE. 525 

veritate non fiierint ; non minus, ac si rarNOi Pto- 
lemaeo dictos existimarim, quod regnum esset et sub 
r^o dominatu permanere permiserint Romani. In 
hoc enim tractu Cogiduno regi Britanno, ut habet 
Tacitus, quaedam civitates vetere pop. Romani con- 
suetudine donato, ut haberet instrumenta servitutis 
et reges." i. e. " As touching the etymologic of this 
name [begni] I will passe over my conceits in si- 
lence, because peradventure they would carry no 
more truth with them, than if I should thinke they 
were by Ptolemy called PErNOi, for that it was Reg^ 
num, that is, a kingdame, and the Romans permit- 
ted the people thereof to remaine under a regall go- 
vernment. For in this tract it was, that, as Taci- 
tus writeth, certaine cities, according to an old cus- 
tome of the people of Rome, were given to Cogi- 
dunus, a British king, that they might have even 
kings also as instruments to draw others into bon- 
dage and servitude." So the words are englished by 
Dr. Philemon Holland, whose translation is to be re- 
garded, partly because the second edition of it was 
revised and aj^roved of, long before it went to the 
press, by Mr. Camden himself, and partly because 
Dr. Holland had a most admirable knack in trans- 
lating books, as appears from many instances, seve- 
ral of the most obscure books being translated by 
him, one of which was Plutarch's Morals, which, 
tho' it consisted of above a ream of paper of Phile- 
mon's writing, yet it was translated and writ by him 
with one only pen, which was so very remarkable 



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S^ RELIQUIJE 1723—24. 

and wonderfun a thing, that it occasioned his kttrned 
s6n Henrj Holland (author of that curious and rare 
book called Hertt^ologia Anglica) to write the follow- 
ing distiek upon the said pen : 

Tkis boole I wrote wilii ooe poore pen, 

Msde of a gr^ goosse qiiill : 
A pen I found it, ua d belbre, 

A pen I leave it still. 

This pen was afterwards begged by an ancient 
gentlewoman, (mother to a iloble countess,) who gar-^ 
nished it in silver^ and kept it as a monument. 

Feb. 15. The Persians loodced upon their princed 
as friends to the stars, and brethren of the sun and 
moon. Hence Sapor, in his letter to Constantius the 
emperour, styled himself thus : Bex regum SapoTf 
particepe syderum,jfrater solis et lutue^ CoMUmtio 
QeearijfraUi taea salutemy. 

Feb. 16. Yesterday Dr. Thomas Tanner was in* 
stalled canon of Christ Church, in room of Dr. Eger« 
ton, bishop of Hereford, who hath resigned. The 
said Dr. Egerton was a noble man of New college. 
He is young, and hath no learning. As for Dr. Tan-* 
ner, he owes this inreferm^t to the spurious edilicm 
of Ant. a Wood's Atheme Oxon. Had he acted 
honestly lind fiairly, and given us the third voL iof 
Anthony's book just as Anthony left it, (as he should 

J £ fragroento qnodam impresso Commentationum ApocalypticamiD mihi 
dftto a n amidaB. Tlw. RvurfiniOBO^ am. T. H. 



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1723-^24. HEA&NIANiE. 027 

have done,) he would not have been prefei^d in this 
manner. He hath had two wives, but both are dead. 
He hath one child, a son, about six years old, by his 
second. His first wife was one of the daughters of 
Dr« More, kte bishop of Norwidi. She was a great 
brandy drinker, and that killed her. 

Feh. 17. Oh Tuesday morning (Feb. II.) died in 
Newgate, the famous Mrs. Sally Salisbury; aad the 
same evening the c<m>ner's inquest, comdstii^ of ere- 
Stable housekeepers in tiie neighbourhood, sate upon 
the body, (as is always done, when any dies in the 
gaol,) and brought in their verdict, that she died of 
a fever, having been ill of a consumption of a long 
time, which for several days preceedihg her death 
was attended with a violent fever, and had almost 
reduced her to a meer skeleton. This is that most 
beautifiil w — y. that captivated so many fine gentle- 
men. She hath been mentioned formerly*. 

Feh. 19. I>r. William Baker, the present unwoiv 
thy bishop q& Bangor, hath just printed a sermon he 
preached before the house of lords, last SOth of Jan. 
They desired him to print it, and they call it an ex- 
cellent sermon. Tis, mi the contrary, most sorry, 
▼fle stuff, picked up from newspapers and tittle 
tattie, ttall of lyes, abusing the rightfull king and 
his friends, and flat te rin g the usurper. "Us Void of 
divinity and reason. This Dr. Baker was always 

• See page 490. 



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628 RELIQUIiE .1723— 24- 

looked upon in Wadham college as an ill-natured 
man, and thej are glad there that they are rid of him. 

Feb. 21. This afternoon, upon my return from 
my country walk, I had a great deal of discourse 
with old WilL Bremicham, of St. Peter^s parish in 
the East, now in the 91st year of his age, being, as 
he says, bom a little after three dock in the morn- 
ing, on Valentine's day in the year 1632. His fiEi- 
ther was a cavalier, and a souldier for king Charles 
the first. He says, he used to supply his father^s place 
in the siege of Oxford sometimes, as a centineL He 
says, he hath many times seen king Charles the first 
as he was walking, and that the generality of the pic- 
tures of him represent him too full fiiced, and with 
too much beard, he being a thin man, and of a little 
picked beard, and little whiskers, though a strait 
man, and of a majestick countenance. He says, he 
served as centinel in that part- of the fortifications, 
where Buddard's garden, (as they call it,) by Wad- 
ham college, is now. He says, he had a mighty 
veneration for that excellent prince, and that he re- 
ceived several kindnesses from the king^s souldi^^ 
This old man was formerly veiy brisk, and let horses. 
He let horses to king Charles the second's men in 
the parliament of Oxford, in the latter end of that 
king's reign. He says, his wife is four days older 
then he is, and that she was bom somewhere about 
Dover. He says, that the tradition used to be, that 
Blake's oak (as we go to Abbington) was so called. 



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1733—24. HEARNIANiB. ft» 

because Blake wm hfai^d there upon it (he being 
a great porMaiMiitiay villain) for betraying three 
Christian kin^ He said, this oak was oldar than 
Magdalen oak, notwithstanding much smaller, both 
being now in their decay. He was bom in Oxford, 
and never lived out of it, unless it were before he 
was in breeches, when he was not two years of age, 
that he staid a little while at Norleigh. 

Feb. 22. Upon the top of Heddington hill, by 
Oxford, on the left hand as we go to Heddington, 
just at the brow of the branch of the Koman way, 
that &lls down upon Marston-lane, is an elm, that 
is commonly called and known by the name of Jo. 
PuUen's tree, it having been planted by the care of 
the late Mr. Josiah PuUen, of Magdalen hall, who 
used to walk to that place every day, sometimes 
twice a day, if tolerable weather, from Magdalen 
hall and back ^;ain, in the space of half an hour. 
This gentleman was a great walker, and some walks 
he would call a mug of twiypemny^ and others a mug 
of threepenny f ice. according to the difference of the 
air of each place. 

Feb. 28. Yesterday I bought, out of the study of 
the late Dr. Charlett, The Vision of Pierce Plow- 
man^ wherefmto is annexed the Crede of Pierce 
Plowman^ neuer imprinted with the booke before^. 

« The argnment of ibis oarioms poem it 9» well gifem by Pope^ that I can- 
not but reprint it. <' An ignorant plain Man h«?in§r katmed fait pater-noiter 

M m 



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S30 REL1QUL£ \72S—24. 

I had before two copies of this very edition of Pierce 
Plowman, one given me by Mr. West, of BalUcd col- 

mnd ave-maiy, wants to learn the creed. He asks sefenl religicms men of 
the several orders to teach it him. First of a friar minor, who hids him be- 
ware of the Carmelites, and assures him the^ can teach him notiiiog, de- 
scribing their faolts, Ac. But the friars minors shall save him, whether he 
learns his creed or not He goes next to the friars preachers, whose magni- 
ficent monastery he describes : there he meets a hi finar, who declaims 
against the Angnstines. He b shocked at his pride, and goes to the Augiis- 
tines. They rail at the Minorites. He goes to the Cannes ; they abase the 
Dominicans, bnt promise him salvation, without the creed, for money. He 
leares them with indignation, and finds an honest, poor pk>wmaa in the field, 
and telb him how he was disappointed by the four orders. The plowman 
answers with a long iuTective against them." Such is the argument of this 
curious piece of satire against the four orders of mendicant friars, who 
were peculiarly obnoxious from the ascendancy they had obtained, and tbe 
authority they assumed, in the political, as well as the religious, worid. Tbe 
whole poem is extremely interesting, describing, in very lirely cokmrs, the 
hypocrisy and oovetousness, the magnificence and pride, together with tbe 
deceptions, of tbe religious societies It professes to satirize, and had it not 
been reprinted of late yean, under the careful superintendence of Air. Haale- 
wood, would have formed a good suliject for a longer extract As it is, the 
reader shall only have a description of the plowman, which is a carious pic- 
tare of tiie times. 

Thanne tumede I me forth and talked to my selfe 

Of tbe fasbede of this folke, whow feythles tfaei weren 

And as I wente by the way, weping for soiowe 

And seigh a sely mi me by, open tbe plough hongen 

His cote was of a doute that cary was ycalled. 

His hod was fill of boles, and his heare oute. 

With his knoppede shon clouted ful th3rkke. 

His ton toteden out, as he the lond tredede 

His boeen ouer hongen Ins hokshynes, on enericfa a syde 

Al beslomered in fen, as he the plow folwede 

Tweye myteynes as meter maad al of doutes 

The lyngres weren forwerd, and ful offien honged 

This whit waselede in the feen, almost to the ancle 

Foure rotheren hym befome, that fSeble were worthi 

Men migfate reknenich a ryb, so rentfiil they weren 

His wiif walked hym with, with a long gode 

In a cutted cote, cutted fol heoghe 

Wrapped in a wynwe shete, to were hire fro wederes 

Barfbt on the bare iis that the Uod folwede 

Af|d at the fondes ende lath a Kttle crom boUe 



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4723—24, HEARNIANiE. 531 

l^e, the other by Mr* Graves, of Mickleton, in Olou- 
cestershire, but in both of them the Creed, notwith- 
standing mentioned aef annexed in the title-page, is 
wanting, being, it may be, laid aside for some that 
had copies o£ a former edition. This Crede is so 
great a rarity, that it was formerly lent me by Tho- 
mas Rawlinson, esq. heing Ixmnd up by itsdf, and 
at that time I extracted some things out of it, which 
I have made use g£ in my edition of Ouil. Neubri- 
gensis, and in my glossary to Robert of Gloucester, 
menti(Hiing, in both places, that it is a very great 
rarity. And in GuiL Neubrigensis I have sighifyed 
that it is a distinct book (altogether different) from 
the book in meeter, commonly called Piers Plough- 
man, the author whereof was Robert Lan^^nds. 
This book Dr. Charlett procured out of the study o£ 
the late learned Mr. Will. Fulman, who hath writ- 
ten the fdlowing particulars at the end of the book : 
'* The Creed seems to have been written some yeares 
after the Vision^ as appeares by the mention of Wick- 
lef, who appeared not till the end of king Eklward 
the third, and especially of Walter Brute, who was 
later. Of Walter Brute, mentioned in the Creed, 
/. 1111, vide Fox, Act. Mom. p. 566, ann. 1S91. Bale 
<»lls him Britte, p. 508 ; Pits, Brithus, p. 547. The 

And theion la^ a litel chjlde lapped in doutet 

And tweyne of twaie jeret olde, opon a nother tjde 

And al they tongen o songe, that torwe waa to heren 

They criedcn alle o cry, a karefol note 

The lely man sighed tore, and Myde, children beth stUle. 

This man lokede opon me, and leet the pkmgh honden 

And seyde :— 

M m 2 



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53* RELlQUIiE 1723—24- 

jAtiyer and complaint of the Plowman extant in Fox, 
Act. Mon. seems to be of the same age.** 

From what I have said in p. 770. of Gml. Neubr. 
it appears, that Pi^rs IHoughman was written in the 
year 1409^ whence I shcmld conclude that the Creed 
is older than Pierce nougfaman, and yet, after all, I 
have there insinuated, that Herce the Ploughman's 
Crede was so called,, as other satyrical books were, 
in imitation of the former ; so that I stiO am of opi- 
nion and belieye, that Pierce Ploughman's Ftsien is 
^ the oldest, tho' not so old as Mr. Fuhnan seems to 
take it. Toward the beginning of the Crede are 
some MS&. g^sses or explications. 

It cost me (being priz'd no more) one shiBing and 
sn pence only, and yet the book is wdl worth a 
guinea^ 

March 16. Mr. Selden was a great admirer of 
Dr. Rob. Fhid or Floyd, that noted Rosacrudan 
physician, who, as he tells us, in his dedication of 
his IMee <^ Hammr, ed. 1. 4fto. to Mr. Edward 
Hayward, cured him of a dangerous and tedious 
sickness, *^ being thence freed (are his words) by tiie 
bounteous humanitie jond advice of that learned phi- 
sidan doctor Robert Floyd, whom my memorie ai^ 
waies honors." Indeed Selden was a follower of 

• " Pierce the Ploogbman's Crede, 4to. Lond. 1553." Sale Catalogae of 
the duke of Roxburghe, Lond. 1812. Numb. 3239, where it produced ten 
guiiie«8 : the Vision, Crowley's edition of 1550, told for six guineas and an 
half. Lord Spencer has a magnificent copy of Crowley's edit of the latter, 
printed upon Tellum. 



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m4. H£ARNIANjE. SSd 

rach sort of learning as tiie doctor profest himsd^ 
and used very fi^venUj to dive into the bodes ot 
astrologers and sooth-sajenu Whence 'tis that be 
so <^en quotes Julius Firmicus and Vettius Valens, 
(both old writ^:s, and *tis pitythe latter is not pub- 
lished^) and diTa:^ besides, which makes many of his 
writings hardly inteDigiblB, he being fond of even 
their very expressions, as he was c^iainly a very 
careless writer, both in Latin and English, being 
more fond of variety of learning, than elegant, or 
even easy, expresaons. 

March 18. Yesterday I bought for six^pence, 
(tho' it be worth five shillings,) out of Dr, Chariett's 
study, Prynne's Signal Ijoyalty and DetHOhn 4^ 
God's true Saints and pious Christians towards 
their Kings^ &c. Lond. I66O. 4to. in two parts. It 
must be now noted^ that Mr. Prynne's things beginn 
now to be scarce, and are picked up by curious men* 
Tbisy are made rare, by many of the copies being 
tuned Uy wast paper. They are valuaUe for the 
historical passages (provided his citations and tran- 
scripts may be relyed on) out of a great variety of 
authors, MSS. and printed. 

1724. AprU 1. Travelling, night and day, in Oer^* 
many, is by waggons, that go no faster at most than 
a foot-pace* If travellers in a winter night get three 
or four hours rest, noble-men and persons of quality > 

^ Seepage 1. 

M m 3 



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534 RELIQUIi£ 17^4. 

and those of the most inferior rank» (men, womaii,. 
and chOdren,) tumble all t(^;ether in one room upon 
straw. 

April 39. Mr. Tayler, <rf University cdlege» told 
me last night, that Dr. Clavering told him, that Dr. 
Tanner, chancellor of Norwich, declared, that he 
much wondered at the explication Mr. Denison and 
his Mends put upon the clause about electio commit 
cUf in University coU^e statutes. He said there 
were three canonical elections, electio per insjnra^ 
tiauem, electio per campramissum, and electio per 
scrutinium. The two former were exploded long 
since, the latter holds, and Mr. Cockman was th^:e- 
£3re legally, &irty, and canonically elected, as having 
the greater number of votes. 

April 30. Formerly it was usual to be buried in 
winding-sheets without coffins, and the bodies were 
laid on biers. And this custom was practised about 
three score years agoe, tho' even then persons cS rank 
were buried in coffins, unless they ordered otherwise. 
Thomas Neik, of Hart hall, in queen Elizabeth's 
time, is represented in a winding sheet, in Cassing- 
ton church. It seems, therefore, he was not buried 
in a coffin, especially since his effigies in the wind- 
ing sheet there was put up in his life time. In the 
monkish times stone coffins were much in vogue, 
especially Sbv persons of quality, and for those other 
distinguishing tiUes, such as archbishops, bishops. 



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1724. HEARNlANiE. 535 

abbots, abbesses, &c. 'Even many of the inferioET 
monks were sometimes so buried, tho' otherwise the 
most common way was a winding sheet. Yet even 
many persons of distinction, instead of coffins, were 
wrapt up in leather, as were sir William Trussell 
and his lady, founders of Shottesbrooke church and 
chantry, in Berks, as may be seen in my edition of 
Lelancts Itinerary ^ and 'twas in such leathern sheets 
or bags that others were put that were layed in the 
walls of churches. 

May 10. Yesterday I saw in Oxford my friend 
Mi. Richard Graves, of Mickleton, in Gloucestershire 
who told me that Mr. James Woodihan, a London 
bookseller, is going to reiHint Caxton^s Chr^micle. 

He also told me, that the Ijatin Bible^ printed in 
folio, at Mentz, 1462, was sold in the sale of the 
Count de Brienne*s library, carrying on at London 
by the said Woodman, for 112 libs, being bought by 
my lord Harley, and that other books (the* library 
being extraordinary curious) bring vast prizes. The 
said Bible is in two vols, vellum, and is noted in the 
catalogue to be the first Bible ever printed. 

May 20. Yesterday, at two clock in the after- 
noon, was a convocation, when a letter was read 
from king George, (as the duke of Brunswick is 
stiled,) offering the foundation of a new proifessor- 
ship to teach the modem tongues and modem his- 
tory, in whidi George himself is to put in the pro- 

M m 4 



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586 R£LIQUIJE 1724. 

fegflor, who is to hare finir hundeed pouadi per an. 
but to giy« 100 Hba. boft of k io imo assistants, at 
60 libs a piece. So I hear, and I was told at the 
same time, that an addrcss of tiianks was returned 
to George, and tbat there was a full house, a matter 
(^ SOO, nemine dissentiente^. 



« Tbe 1^1^*8 ktlor (0 phe tW9 anveriities. 
George R. 
Tnisty and wdl bdoTed, we greet you weB. We being giwtly dciiroot 
to f&YOnr and encourage our two uniTenitieey those ancient and landaMc 
nurseries of piety and learning, and to enable lliem more effectuaUy to an> 
swer the end of their institution, by sending forth constant supplies of leam- 
fd and $ble men, to serre tiie ^nhlick both in chnrdi and state ; and baring 
observed that no encouragement or providon has hitherto been made in either 
of the said uniTersities, for the study of modem history, or modem lan- 
guages, the knowledge of which is hig^y necessary towards oompleatly qua- 
lifying the youth committed to their care, ibr several stations, both in church 
and state, to which they may he calledt and having seriously wdf^ied tha 
prijvdioe that has accrued to tiie sud univerdties firom this defect, persona of 
Craeign nations being often employed in tiie education and tuition of youth* 
both at home and in their travels; and great numben of the young nobitt^ 
^d gentry being either sent abroad directiy from sdiool, or taken away firom 
the universities before tiie course of their studies can be there compleated, 
and (^portunities frequently lost to the erown of employing and eneoumgiBg 
members of the two universities, by conforring on them such employments, 
both at home and abroad, as necessarily require a competent skill in writing 
and qiealdng the modem languages. In order, tfaerefove, to remedy tbsK 
and the like inoouveniences, we have determined to appoint two persons of 
sober oonvorsation and prudent conduct, of the degree of master of arts, or 
batchellor of laws, or of some higher degree in one of the said univenitieB^ 
skilled in modem history and in the knowledge of modem languages, to be 
nominated by us, to be our professors of modem history, one for the univer- 
sity of Cambridge, and tiie other for that of Oxford, who shall be obliged to 
read lectures in the publick schools, at such times as shall hereafter be ap- 
pointed. And we have forther determined, that each of the said professors 
shall ha^e a stipend of four hundred pounds per annum, and out of the aaid 
stipend shall be obfiged to maintain with suffiident salaries, in the nnivenity 
where he shall be established, two persons at least, well qnaiii&ed to teach 
aad instruct in writing and speaking the s^ languages, which said teachers 
shall be under the direction of the professors respectively, and shall be obliged 
to instruct, gratis, in the modem languages, twenty schohum in each unirer- 



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172*. H£ARNIANi£. S37 

Jwte 5. Fonnerlj wearing hats was looked upon 
$A a great crine, bonnets and thrums bdng then in 
fiuiiion, and hats being of a late rise. So that such 
as wore hats used then to be fined, whence 'tis that 
some of the parish of Marlborough, in Deyonduxe, 
were fined twice for wearing hats, as appears from 
the roister book towards the b^inning o£ queen 
S^abeth's reSgn, as Mr. I^er, of Oriel coU^, takes 
it, from whom I had this infinmaticMi. 

June 14« On Friday, June 5, in the evenii^g, Dr. 

tity, to be nomSnated hj ui ; and eadi scholtf to nominated, shall be obliged 
|o lean tvo at leaat of the said laBfoagesy both die pro&iaoiB aad teacfaen 
taking especial care that the times and hours for the instmctiDg and teaching 
the said schoAars, be so ordered, as not to interim with tfaoee appointed for 
)heir acadf ical iladies: whidi profeseon and teachen sludl he obliged^ 
once erery year, to transmit an attested account of the progress made by 
each sdxdar committed to their care, to oar prin^pal secretaries of state, to 
be laid before ne, that we may caeoorage the diligence and application ai 
sadi amongst them, as shall have qaalificd themselves for oar seryice, by 
gWing (hem suitable employments either at home or abroad, as occasions 
shall offer. And ow royal will and pleasnne is, that you forthwith, upon the 
receipt hereof, call a congregation, in order to communicate these oar royal 
Intentions to the nniverdty. And so we bid you forewd. Ghrea at ow 
court at St James's, the 16th day of May, 1724, in the tenth year of our 
reiign. By fals mijesty's command, 

TowirsHEMD. 

Both univer^ties, on tins occarion, presented very dutifal and loyal ad- 
dresses. That from Oxford was transmitted to the lord viscount Townshend, 
and by him presented to his mijesty, who was pleased to recdve it very gra- 
cionrfy. That foom Cambridge was presented by the nce-diancellor, (Dr. 
Snape, provost of King's,) attended by the proctors and several other mem- 
bers, who weDe introduced by the duke of Grafton, and received the foUow- 
ipg answer: 

I thank you for tUs dutiful and loyal address, and am glad to find, that 
what I proposed to you in my letter meets with your intire approbation ; and 
doubt not, with your asristance, my intentions upon ttus occasion will prove 
an honour to the university in genersl, as well as an advantage to the parti- 
culsr members of that teamed body. 



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538 RELIQUIiE 1724. 

Henry Sacheverell, rector o£ St. Andrews, Holboum, 
(worth about 700 libs, per an.) departed this life at 
Highgate ; which rectory being in the gift of the 
duke of Montague, his grace has been pleased to 
present the same to the reverend Mr. Barton, a cler« 
gjrman of the country. The said Dr. Sacheverell is 
the person that made so great a noise in the time of 
queen Anne. He took the degree of M« A. March 
16, 1696, that of B. D. Feb. 4, 1707» and that of 
D. D. July 1, 1708. He was a bold man, and of a 
good presence, and delivered a thing better than a 
much more modest man, however preferable in learn- 
ing, could do. He was but an indifferent scholar, 
but pretended to a great deal of honesty, which I 
could never see in him, since he was the forwaitl^st 
to take the oaths, notwithstanding he would former- 
ly be so forward in speaking for, and drinking the 
health of, king James III. He hath printed several 
things; but that which is really good, rns. his speech 
at his tryalf was none of his own, but was penned 
"by Dr. Frauds Atterbury, the deprived bishop of 
Rochester. He died very rich. He had a compli- 
cation of disorders. 

JuTie 28. When Mr. Wm. Brome, of Ewithing- 
ton, near Hereford, was in town, in his return from 
Xiondon, he told me, that the late earl of Oxford, 
notwithstanding what had been reported, had the 
true use of his understanding ever since he was in 
the Tower ; that he had his senses intire to the last ; 



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1724, H£ARNIANi£. 639 

that he died in a very quiet, composed manner, and 
that he put his hand up and closed his own eyes^ 
and fixed his jaw. Mr. Brome was well acquainted 
with him, rid out with him in his lordship's coach 
on the Monday to make a visit, sat up with him tiU 
eleven dock at night, when his lord^p was well 
and cheerfiiU, and died on the Wednesday following 
of a i^euretick feaver. He said^ his lordship had 
never had his true health since he was stabbed. He 
told me, he believed he was an honest man, and a 
true friend to king James III. but that he could do 
nothing, finding those to be knaves and villains, that 
^ould have been firm, and have been assisting, such 
as lord Bullingbroke, who most certainly is a R. hav* 
ing been discarded at king James's court for betray- 
ing all his secrets, and some others. I could not but 
give great attention to Mr. Brome on this score, be- 
cause he is a man of great modesty and integrity ; 
and indeed I have heard some other honest men say 
the same thing, tho' others have asserted the con- 
trary. 

Jvly 15. Mr. Hinton, rector of Lasham, in Hamp^ 
shire, calling upon me to-day, told me that the place 
where ardibbhop Abbot killed the keeper oi the 
park with an arrow, is Bramswell, in Hampshire, 
where sir John Cope now lives. He said, that the 
place where Walter T3rrrell passed over the river, 
after he had killed William Rufiis, is to this day 
called TyrreWsford. 



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540 RELIQUI^ 1724. 

JW^ 19. They write from Paris, that on the 14th 
of Jvlj sentence was jnranoanced, and the same day 
executed, upon Joseph Bisseau, who had taken the 
name of Gratien D'Avanelle, merchant-jeweller, of 
Leige, and Peter Lef^^yvre, merchant-jeweller, in the 
fidiowii^ manner* A scaffold being erected in the 
place called the Greve, in that dty, they had their 
arms, legs, thighs, and loins bn^en upon it; and 
then laid on a whe^ with their &ces towards hea- 
ven, where they remained till they dyed; fixnn 
whence the dead bodies were to be conveyed, tm. 
that of Joseph Bisseau to the highway near Calais, 
where the English gentlemen were robbed and mur- 
thered^; and that of Peter Liefebvre to the highway 
near Percmne, whereabouts the stage coach of Lisle 
was robbed, and two that followed it murUiered, 
there to be exposed to view, each upon a wheel, for 
which robberies and murthars they suffered the se- 
vare punishments above mentioned. 

JufySl. Old Mr. Bremicham, of Oxford, tells me, 
that he very well remembers the siege of Oxford, 
and the hanging up of (me Blake upon an oak in the 
way to Abhington, beyond the halC-way gate, which 
oak is still standing, but very much decayed. TUs 
Blake was a traytour. Mr. Bremicham says, he be- 
trayed three Christian kings, and was going to be- 
tray the fourth, visi. king Charles the first, upon 
whidi he was hanged, within two days after his de- 

* Seepage 506. 



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1724. HEARNIANiU. 54i 

s^ was discoiwevedf upon the said oak, wkich in 
called by no other name than jBlaie*s oak. 

This Bremicham says, he wett renemberar th^ 
great house in St. Clements, that is now down, but 
was then called Bole-shipton form*. He says, he 
rented part of the grounds formerly himself, that 
the fiarm was 300 libs, per an. and that all those 
grounds on the left hand the way, as we go to Hed* 
dington hill, are still called Bole-shipton. 

He says, that, during the siege of Oxon, aH parts 
were drowned, excepting the north side, which c6uM 
not be drowned, and the way from Oxford to Ab-r 
button, which lay open to bring in proviskms, which 
were constantly brought by waggons, &c. from Ab«- 
bington. He says, Oxford could never have been 
taken, had not there been treachery. I suppose he 
thinks there was treachery in the surrendry, whaseaa 
it is looked upon as a ¥ery prudential thing. 

Aug. 9* Dr. Atterbury, the deprived bishop of Ro* 
cjiester, being now at Paris, they write from thenee, 
that since his arrival there, he hath passed his time 
in examining the publick libraries, and other curio- 
sities g£ that city ; and that he hath been visited by 

• At the Tery moment I am writing this note, the workmen are clearing 
llie ground for the erection of new booses, if not new atreetft, in the field im* 
mediatdy ai^oining. the eastern sftde of Cntler Bonlter's alms houses. The 
remains of an ancient building of considerable extent, chimney and hearth 
stones, as w^ as many other evidences of a former erection, have tlnadf 
been, discovered ; and in one part, about four feet under ground, a large area 
of a well payed court yard, or somewhat similar, was clearly discernible. 
April 3, 1822. 



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542 BELIQUIiE 1724. 

most of the members of the royal academj of sd- 
ences, by the famous fitther Monfaucon^ and abbe 
Vertot, and other persons of distmction and learning, 
who seem to pay him a more than ordinary respect 

Sept 2. Mr. Thomas Kimber, of Holywell, in the 
north suburbs of Chdbrd, my friend, is a man of ex- 
cellent sense, and versed in history and antiquities. 
Being some hours in his company last night, and 
only he and I together, and happening to discourse 
of the Bodleian and other libraries, and how meanly 
the Bodleian library is furnished with curious clas- 
sical books, and books of our En^ish histoly and 
antiquities, I told him, the true reason was, the ne- 
glect in former times that way, the (niginal design 
of the library being chiefly for bodes against the Ro^ 
man Catholicks, and accordingly Dr. Thomas James, 
Mr. Rowse, and Dr. Barlow, (who were zealous 
against the Catholicks,) made it their business to 
get such kind of books, to say nothing of others. 
This, he said, he never heard iji before, but would 
be sure to remember it, it being renuu*kable. 

Sept. 10. Yesterday, in the afternoon, called upon 
me, William Stukeley, doctor of physick, whom I 
had never seen before. He told me, he is about 
printing a little folio book about curiosities. It is 
to be intitled, Itinerarium Curiosum : Centuria pri- 
ma. Or, An Account of the Antiquities in Na- 
ture or Art, observed in Travels through Great 



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1724. HEARNIANiE. 54S 

Britain. Illustrated with one hundred folio prints 
in copper. He told me, he designed other Centuries. 
This Dr. Stukeley is a mighty concdted man, and 
'tis observed by all that I have talked with, that 
what he does hath no manner of likeness to the ori- 
ginals* He goes all by fancy. Hence his cut of 
Waltham cross is not one bit like it, whereas that 
done by my late learned friend, John Bridges, esq. 
is exact* Nor indeed is the print of Old Verulam^ 
that he hath given, any thing but meer fancy. In 
short, as he addicts himself to fancy altogether, what 
he does must have no regard among judicious and 
truly ingenious men. He told me he had been at 
Thame, thinking it was a Roman city. Good God ! 
this is nothing but idle dreaming. How is it pos-^ 
siUe to think at this rate ? Had he said Heddington 
had been a Roman dty, any one of reason would 
have rather believed him, there being a bit of a Ro« 
man way passing there. He said, his work was to 
consist of every thing that was curious, whether Ro* 
man, Graedan, .Egyptian, Norman ; and what not ? 
He said^ he should have in it monasteries, and other 
religious houses, as occasion offered. He pretended 
to have discovered a Roman amphitheatre at Sil- 
Chester, a draught of the walls whereof he shewed 
me. This is again fancy. I have been at Silchester. 
There is nothing like it. The doctor told me he had 
never been in Oxford but once before, and that was 
fifteen years agoe. Tho' he be a physician, yet I am 



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544 RELIQUIiE 1724. 

informed he knows very little^ or nothing, of the 
matter. 



Sept. 15. Yesterday the right honouraUe Gendd 
De Courcy, lord Kingsale, of the kii^om of Ireka^ 
did me the honour to call upon me, and to sit with 
me some time, after which I was with him at his 
lodgings at the Mitre sereral hours. This young 
nobleman is a very hone^, virtuous man, and hath 
» very good dull in heraldry, history, and antique* 
tied. There came with him to my room, and were 
with him afterwards, when I was th^e, at the Mitre^ 
three other vevj worthy,^ honest gentlemen, ^. Mr* 
King, of Hartfordshire, Mr. Butler, oi Ireland, tsgkii 
Mr. Sexton, which Mr.^Sexton is a man of excellent 
learning, and acts as an attorney fer many RoiMb 
Catholicks. I had been six years i^ with this Mr* 
Sexton at the Mitre, with Mr. Blount, of Ma}]Ae 
Durham, and Mr. Blount's lady, and some other tnriy 
virtuous, good people of the Roman Cathc^k per^ 
swasion. My lord Kingsale often mentioned my per^ 
fiormances in an honourable way, and j^essed me se« 
veral times to write a History of En^and, no one^ 
says he, being so capable on many accomrts. I ex- 
cused myself, and told his lorddhq), that I had al-« 
ready writ and published too many things of secret 
history, since I had been so often t^rouUed on that 
score. He said (and the company agreed with him) 
that Dr. Keating's History of Ireland, as published 



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1724. HEARNIANiE. 545 

by Mr. (yCoimat^ is a very pow work, and does not, 
by any means, please, being a poor fabulous thing. 
His lordship said, that captain Stephens's books about 
our monasteries have several good things in them, 
but that the whole work, taken together, is but iur 
different, and &r from givii^ satis&ction, and so the 
OMnpony said too. Fcnr my own part, I never had 
yet an (Opportunity of reading these books ova:, and 
therefore I cannot, as yet, give my opinion about 
them. They all wished that the work had fsJlen 
upon me. I told them, if I had done it, it should^ 
have been done in the manner Mr. Dodsworth and 
sir William Dugdale followed, and that I would have 
taken care to have given originals, (instead of trans- 
lations,) which is the excellency of Dodsworth and 
Dugdale. 

This young lord is not yet married, but a fine lady 
is in his view, as Mr. Sexton told me. 

Mr. King is godson to king James Hid. being the 
very first the king stood tor. This Mr. King is a 
personable man, and hath a fine lady. He often 
drinks, JBetty of Hearts, meaning, I bdieve, king 
James the third's queen, that most beautifiiU lady. 

Oct 12. Mr. Murray, being in Oxford, told me, 
that he happened once, with two or three gentle- 
men, to see the celebrated Sally Salisbury, while she 
was under confinement, being the only time he saw 
her. They found her with two or three others drink- 
ing a bowle of punch, of about fifteen or sixteen shil- 

N n 



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546 R£LlQUIiSf: 17^4. 

lings. Mr. Murray and his companions sate at an- 
other table. But Mr. Murmy being a great lover of 
punch, and expressing himself as if he desired to 
taste of it, he was very civilly accommodated. He 
said, she seemed to him to be about fourty years of 
age, tho' she must be less, if, according to her life, 
she was bom about 1690, or 1691. He said, she 
dressed plain but neat, that she had the finest hand 
his eyes ever beheld, and that she had been most 
certainly a compkat beauty^ 

Nov. 16. Dr. Carter, provost of Oriel college, hav- 
ing entered a young gentleman some time ago from 
Hart hall, the principal of Hart hall. Dr. Newton, 
hath made a great stir in the matter, because the 
young gentleman had no discessit from the hall, as 
the statutes require ; tho', after all. Dr. Carter for- 
fSdts only 40 shillings for such entrance by the sta- 
tutes, which Newton would have raised to 40 libs. 
Newton is jGeunous for talking much. Carter for say- 
ing nothing. Somebody upon this occasion hath made 
the following verses. I rather think they were done 
by Mr. Jones, of Balliol, that translated Oppian into 
English. 

Newton, with open mouth, demands a stray, . 
Carter looks wisely, and will nothing say. 
Newton remonstrates. Carter's wondrous shy : 
Newton then prints, but Carter won't reply. 
O ! endless question, should it last so long. 
Till Carter speaks, or Newton holds his tongue. 
« See page 527. 



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1724. HEARNlANiE. 54? 

Dec: 1. On Wednesday lagt, at night, died of the 
stonef, my very worthy friend, the reverend and 
learned Mr. Hilkiah Bedford, M.A. and formerly 
fellow of St. John's' college, in Cambridgec^. This 
great and good man died one of the firm and steddy 
confessors of the church of England. He was au- 
thor and translator of many learned books, two of 
which deserve s particular mention, viz. his Vindu 
cation qf the Church of England j in Defence of 
the Clause in the 90th Article about Ceremonies, 
against Mr. CoUins's vile pamphlet, called Priest- 
craft in Petfection, and his book called Hereditary 
^igf^i printed in folio in queen Anne's time, which 
made a great noise, and Mr. Bedford was imprisoned 
three years for it, and fined high, but his fine was at 
last, with much difficulty, remitted*^. His name is 
not put to any of his books, that I know of. Dr. 
Hickes left him his own books and alegacy in money, 
desiring that Mr. Bedford might write his life, which 
accordingly he undertook, but I know not whether 
he finished it. The two last things Mr. Bedford 

' Dec. 7. Mr. Baker, of Cambridge, writes me word, that Mr. Bedford 
^ed Norember SStb laat, about ten at nigbt, of tbe stone. He bad been 
probed twice, and no stone oonld be disoorerad ; but after bis death, his body 
bong opened, a stone was found and taken out larger than a beu*s egg. By 
his will, be has left his wife and eldest son execntors. He was buried on Sun- 
day Nor. 29, in St Margaref s, Westminster, the pall being held up bj six 
friends of Ins own principles, and the office read by another." T. H. 

r Hilkiah Bedford, natn Londino, filius Hilkia B. mathematici mechanki, 
Bteris institutos in scbola infra Bradley in com. Suff. snb m'ro Harwood, 
setatit 16. admissus est subciiator pro d're Watson, tutore et fidcjnssore ejus, 
Oct 8. 1679. Reg, CoU, Jo, Cant, MS. note by Mr. Baker to his copy of 
Barwick's Life, in Englbh, now in the Bodleian. 

k See psge 386, under April 33, 1718. 

N n 2 



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548 RELIQUIJb; .U4. 

published were. Dr. John Barwkk's Life, writ in 
Latin by his brother Dr. Peter Barwick. This Ifr. 
Bedford put out in Latin. After which, this very 
year', he put out the same life, translated by Mr. 
BedfOTd himsdf, in English, witii many notes and 
iUustrations, wanting in the Latin book. 

Dec. 4. Tho' king Charles II. was very auKvious, 
and mudi addicted to women, (whidi was his chief 
£Eiiling, and appeared most of all after his rastaura- 
tion,) yet he was not guilty of swijearing, but on the 
contrary would rq)rove such as used it : an instance 
of which Mr. Blount, in p. 85. of the seoond part of 
his Boseohely gives us, when the king was in his 
disguise at Hampshire, at Hambfedon, at the house 
of Mr. Symonds, who entertained his majesty, who 
then went under the name (^ WilL Jackson, wbim^ 
it seems, Mr. Symons letting fall an oath by chance, 
the king (whom Mr. Symons did not know to be 
such) took occasion modestly to reprove him. 

Dec. 5. Samuel Gale, esq. writes me word, in a 
letter dated from London, the 8d inst. that he hath 
lately and accidentally purchased an antient, but 

< London, printed by J. Bettenham, M.DCaXXIV. 8to. Tbk volnme, 
I know not wfay, has not of Ute yenn been loiiglit after by ooUecton wiHi 
te avidity displayed in the attainment of other works of a sknOar aatniv, 
printed at the same period. It is howerer a very ralnable book> and con- 
tains a fond of amusement and information wbick will well reward tbe pnr- 
cbaser» eren if be gires a trifle more tor his bargain than has been nsnaUy 
required. There are some copies on large paper, and both papers shoold 
have portraits of Peter and John Berwick, engraTed by Vertoe. 



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1724. H£ARNIANi£. 549 

fine, picture of the beautiful RosamoncL "Tis painted 
on a pannel of wainscott, and represents her in a 
three quarter proportion, dressed in the habit of the 
times, a streight bodyed gown of changeable red vel- 
vet, with lai^ square sleeves of black flowered da- 
mask £iceii^s, turned up above the bend of her 
arms, and dose sleeves of a pearl cobured sattin 
puffed out, but buttoned at the rist, appearing from 
under the large ones. She has several rings set with 
pretious stones on her fingers. Her breast covered 
with a fine flowered linnen, gathered close at the 
neck, like a ruffl Her &ce is charminglj fair, with 
a fine blush in her cheeks ; her hair of a dark brown, 
parted with a seam from the middle of her fbrhead 
upwards under her coifure, which is very plain, but 
a gold lace appears above it, and that covered with 
a small cap of black silk. She is looking very in- 
tently upon the fatal cup, which she holds in one 
hand, and the cover in the other, as going to drink 
it Before her is a table covered with Mack damask, 
on which there lies a prayer book open, writt in the 
antient black character. The whole piece is ex- 
tieamly wdi preserved Mr. Gale takes it to have 
been done about Harry the seventh's time. 

Ihc.l9i Ma^becchi, the late duke of Tuscany 's 
Bfararian, was a very strange man. Nobody had such 
a memory for bodes. He was a common rq)ertory. 
If any wantedto know what books were wtit upon 
any subject, be could tell immediately. He wore no 

Nn 3 



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550 RELIQUIiE L724. 

fthirt, and lived upon pudding and hard e^^ Jn 
the latter part of his life, he lived altogether in the 
library. He was never but once out of town, and 
that was but ten miles off. So I have heard Mr. 
Cockman, and his brother, the physician. Dr. John 
C!ockman, who have been at Florence, say. Magliar 
becchi, however, (notwithstanding the severity of his 
life,) was a mighty complaisant, civil, obliging man. 
A medal was struck to him. 

Dec. 18. In the year 1660, was printed in 12mo. 
at London, Cromwell's Bloody Slaughter-house ; 
OTy his damnable Designes laid and practised bg 
him and his Negros, in contriving the murther qf 
his sacred majesty King Charles^ discovered. By 
a Person qf Honour. With Cromwell's picture at 
the beginning, offering up the royal crown to the 
scaffold, on which scaffold is the executioner in a 
vizard, with H. P. over his head, signifying that 
Hugh Peters was the disguised person that beheaded 
the king ; and the same is also asserted in p. S8. of 
the book, where 'tis said — ^' Through that power 
and influence, which by their lyes, soceries, and hy- 
pocrisies, they with the help of that mongrel mini»» 
ter, that military priest, that modem Simon Mi^s, 
that disguised executioner, that bloody butcher of 
the king, H — P — ^ they have gained up(m the com- 
mon souldiery." I purchased this hodk. lately, and 
tho' it be but a very small thing, yet I value it at 
least a crown. I know not who was the author. 



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1724—25. HEARNIANiE. 551 

This loyal treatise (as is insinuated in the stationer's 
pre&ce to the reader) was pen'd many years before 
it was printed, and sent over fix>m the Hague to be 
printed here, for his majestie's service ; but the print- 
ing of it was hindered upon this occasion: the printer, 
to whose care it was conunended, fell into some 
trouble for some other acts of loyalty, which were 
then called treason; such as were the printing of 
king Charles the first's incomparable book, entituled, 
EIKON BASIAllfCH, in English, Latin, French, and 
Italian ; Salmasii Defensio Regia ; Elenchus Motuum 
nuperorum in Anglia, by Dr. Bates ; and some other 
things of the like nature. He was committed to 
Newgate, his press and other materials seized upon 
and carryed away by Hunscott ; his wife and chil- 
dren turned out of doors ; and threatned to be tried 
by an high court c^ in-justice. This was the reason 
of letting this tract lye dormant 'till better times. 

1724—25. Jan. 1. I am told by old Mr. Nich. 
Cox, the bookseller, who was once querister of New 
college, at least went to school there when a boy, 
that he remembers bishop Ken a bachellor of arts of 
that college, and that he wais even then, when young, 
very pious and charitable, and used always to have 
small money to give away constantly as he walked 
the streets, in pence or two pences, or more at a 
time, as he saw proper objects. 

Jan. 16. Edge hill fight happened on a Sunday^ 
N n 4 



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562 RELIQUIJE 1724—25. 

in the afternoon, Oct. 23, 1642, the fight b^umiog 
about the beginaiiig of eyening service, at two dock, 
8t which time prince Rupert having quite routed 
the enemie's left wing, and his men' being busy in 
the plunder, he there found several lettars and ad^ 
visoes from one Blake, then of his bed-chamber, to 
the earl of Essex, (general of the pariiamentarian 
army, and commander of their main battle in diis 
%ht,) whereby he understood his coun^ were be- 
trayed; for which the said Blake was afterwards 
hanged in the mid-^my betwixt Oxford and Abing- 
ton, in an oak, as the king^s army marched to a ren- 
dezvous*'. 

Jan. 19. They have a custom at Northmore, near 
Witney, in Oxfordshire, for men and women, every 
Easter Sunday afi;er evening service, to throw in the 
churdi yard great quantities of a|^l^ and those 
that have been married that year are to throw three 
times as many as any of the rest. After which all 
go to the minister's hoi»e, and eat bread and dieese, 
(he b obliged to have the best cheese he can get,) 
md drink ale^ 

k So in ft little book, intitled. The History of the Ommmu Wwrre tf 
Eugkmi. Lond. 1662. p. 17. N. B. ThU ode it itUI in bttag, tko' ^€17 
(rid, and many of the boughs cat off. It is but a small tree, is commonly 
called Blake's oak, and is widiln two little miles of Abblngton. T. H. 
\ > This cnslom still prevnils : and my gaod Inend tiie present pi^f f s r of 
Anglo-Saxon, who is yicar of Northmore, tells me, tiiat on Easter Sunday 
last, (1822,) being ignorant of the nsoal warfase, and so neglecting to make 
good his retreat after evening sendee, he came in contact with a stray shot 
or two, modi to the entertainment of his parishioners ; all of whom, old as 
wen as young, refigioutly take part in the contest. 



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1724-r-2S. HEARNIANiE. 553 

Tbey have a custom in St. Aldate'8 parish, Ox-» 
lord, for people of the paririi to eat sugar sopps out 
of the font in the church, every holy Thursday, and 
this is done in the momii^. 

J«9r. SO. Memorand. That Mr. Whiteside, keeper 
of the Ashmolean museum, went this morning by 
Haynes's fiftiig coacb^ at four clock, to Liondon^ 
about some <»rdinary business rdating to Us experi- 
ments. 

I am well mformed, that the great and most cele- 
brated matbematidan, sir Isaac Newton, does not 
understand a bit of classical learning, but hath ap* 
ply'd himself altogether to the mathematicks, only 
sometimes for diversion, and for relaxatioa of his 
spirits, he Imth studied chronology''. 

I heard a man, who bears a good character, and 
lives now at Horton, near Qxfcnd, say yesterdb^, 

* There is nothing in vliich we have obtained « more dedsire adFantage 
orer our predecessors, fban in the expedition and convenience whh which we 
turn trmni. At te pnwnt tioM we aie co n v e y ed firom Oxfod to LmmIob 
with ease and safetf in somewhat less than seven hours, a journey performed^ 
not quite a centory since, in two days. The coadi, from Michaelmas to 
Lady Dfty, slsirted at lour o'doi^ in the morning, and was to raaeh Oxtel 
in the evening of the second day. During the summer half year, they ran 
only three days a week, leaving Oxford and London al nine o^dock, and 
pcrfnming the dlatawr in one day anly. The same improvement manifcsis 
itsdf in every species of public conveyance. In 1707, the only regular car- 
riage between Oxford and Bath was by a carrier once a foitnight; the sime 
to Birmingham and to Reading; to Shrewsbury once in a month ; to Exeitt 
once in five weeks; and to Westmordand thrice a year. 

■ FiDpe snd of sir Isaac Newton, that tiiough so deep in algebra and 
flnxkmsy he could not readily make up a cotmraon account : and, when bB 
was master of the mint, used to get somebody to make up his accounts for 
him. 9pence*s Aneedttei, p. 175. 



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554 RELIQUIiE 1724—25. 

that Mr. Edwaini Eustace, formerly of University 
college, and lately minister of Beckley, a man wdl 
beloved in his parish, being once to preach a funeral 
sermon at Beckley, happened to forget his sennon, 
and thereupon went home, at some distance, to fetch 
it just as the psalm was begun to be sung, upon 
which he desired the clarke to keep on singing till 
his return, so that the whole 119th psalm was sung 
out, a thing never, I believe, heard of before. 

Feb. 7. By our letters from Rome, we are ad- 
vised, that the pope has not only commanded the 
inferior clergy to recommend to the peojde the read- 
ing of the holy scriptures in the vulgar tongue, but 
that he designs to employ men of skill and learning 
in making a more correct translation of the holy 
Bible than is yet extant. It is said, that he has also 
dedared, that as customs and ceremonies are not 
matter of faith, he is willing the church should lay 
aside part of her drapery, that the reformed may no 
longer have a pretence of quarrelling with their an- 
cient mother, (as they call her at Rome,) nay, some 
have gone so far as to say, that he has some design 
of calling a general council, and that thus by meet- 
ing the protestants, as it were, half-way, he is not 
without hopes of drawing all Christendom under one 
form of church discipline. So that tho' he is a per- 
son of singular piety, he appears to be no bigot. 
This unexpected news has made so much noise in 
the world, that in the Protestant courts of Europe 



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1724—25. HEARNIANiE. 556 

it is the common saying now, that the pope is turned 
Protestant. It is certain, that for a time there has 
been a chappel allowed in the palace of the chevalier 
de St. George, where divine service is regularly per- 
formed according to the rites of the church of Eng- 
land, and that two ministers of good reputation for 
learning, officiate there. It is observed also, that the 
frightful notion the common people entertained of a 
heretick is quite worn off, and that when a Protes- 
tant now dies in Rome, he is admitted to be bury'd in 
consecrated ground, which is a new privilege. This 
favour, as well as the kind dispositions the pope him- 
self seems to entertain of a union amongst the Chris- 
tian churches, is supposed to come from the influence 
of the English, who reside in the Roman territories^ 

Feh. 9. At Sunningwell, near Abbington in Berks, 
they have a custom, (which I suppose was formerly 
in other places, tho' I do not know of any else where 
it is now,) every Shrove Tuesday, at night, in the 
dusk of the evening, for the boys and girls to say 
these verses about the village, 

Beef and bacon's 

out of season, 
I want a pan 

to parch my peason. 

which they repeat several times, and then throw 
stones at all people's doors, which makes the people 

• The tobftance of tins is taken from MisftJnumaly No. 328, Febi 6, 
1724-5. 



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556 RELIQUIAE 1724—25. 

geno^aUy to shut up their doors that evening, the 
custom b^iinning mudi about the dusk thereofl 

Feb. 17. My friend Mr. James West, in a letter 
of the 11th inst. from London, told me he had met 
with John Fox's Bo<^ of Martyrs, in Latin, printed 
at Basil, 1559f foL which (says Mr. West) contains 
many things not in the English editions, and is ex- 
ceeding scarce^. 

p Feb. 18. To James West, esq. at No. f, in Fig-tree court, in tbe Inner 
Temple, London. 

Dear Sir, If John Foz*8 Commentaries be a book that is scarce, 'tis grown 
BO of late. For some few years ago it was very common and very cheap. Tet 
I never endeavoured to make mjrself master of it, thinking that the Englidi 
book, which I have, would serve my torn. I never had tbe corioaty of com- 
paring tbe Latin witii any English edition ; and tbereforc cannot of myself 
account for tbe differences, which, however, I have been told are very great, 
and indeed the first English edition (which is in Magdalen college library, of 
the author's own gift, with a Latin epistle before it, of his own penning, 
never yet printed)* varies very much from those that were set out afterwards. 
Mr. Fox was a diligent learned man ; but being calvinistically inclined, and 
too zealous againalt those of another perswasion, he imployed a good part of 
his time in collecting stories, that served any way to lessen tiie credit of sudi 
as he lodced upon as enemies ; and being of a very credulous temper, be 
ytTf ea^y believed the reports that were sent into him ; so that liie credit 
of his work hath been deservedly called in question by many learned and jn- 
dicious men, Protestants as well as Papists, who were all very sensible that 
as he was witfaall of a very great memory, so be traated tao much to it, and, 
in putting down stories, would wholly depend upon that, even at such times 
as he might have transcribed immediately from books and papers ; a fault 
which several other great men have been guilty of, not excepting the Cunous 
John Tzetzes, who after he had read over a great variety of authors, was so 
hr nevertheless from extracting from them verbatim, (as Photius did, who 
is therefore the more valuable,) that he rely'd intirely upon his memory, 
(which was prodigious,} in the many curious historical passages (firom those 
authors) in his Chiliads ; and he is very full of himself for having such a 
mffBory, as if be eDdeavDored thereby to recommend his work the better to 
posterity, which certainly would have been of greater esteem if he had been 

* Heame afterwards printed it in Adam De Doraerham, Append, ad Prsef. 
Num.V.p.lxiv. 



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1724—25. HEARNIANiK. 557 

Feh.9A. JUrtrngfatlrecdvedatetteroftheflOth 
imt. firom Mr. Ward, of Longbridge, near Warwick^ 
in which he desires my opinion about organs, he 
having lately met with the following remark, which 
he was glad of the opportunity to communicate to 
me, pk. ^* That there never w^^ a^y oigans in car^ 
thedrall or coU^iate cfaurdies in England b^ore 
king Henry YIII. altho' there were vicar dbtoraUs^ 
clerks, (or singing men,) and chorista!^ ; fioir no or* 
ganists are foundation men, (but only as iaformator 
choristanim,) and are admitted as clerks> and not as 
organists in those churdies,'" I am since informed* 
(saith Mr. Ward,) there was proYisioii made for an 

A fidaifiitl tnuMcriber, For tho' aAer he had rMd the books be teDt n sere- 
ral tliiiet Ibat be wee i^t^Kn^ yet tbU wm obIj V> sUw vbat a menptorj be 
bad, there bdog no doabt but he might have bad conatant accesa to the reiy 
i«B6 bcdct be bad already femsed. Bat tfaoT H would bare beeo a niofe 
Taloable woib: bad be beea an exact tranacribers jet moat of bn aotbon beh^g 
loat, as it iflf it ia of great account, and I coold wish, for that reason^ that it 
were reprinted, it being become now exceeding acavoew Socb woiia wookl 
be more for the cre^t of tcbolan to set out, than books that are very com- 
mon, and wliereof there are daily editions coming oui. And metbinks so- 
oieties should engage in some great woriu, eitbev nerer yet printed, or, if 
printed, ase become either almost or quiie aa rare as MSS. This I mentien 
upon account of two prints yon lately mentioned, the publishing of which 
might bare been proper enough for seme single person, wboas abiUties would 
■ot reach fai§^, b«t» I think> they do not redound much to the honour of 
the members that joindy ooncenied themselves, unless they bad published 
ttem In some great work, such aa a oontlniMitkMt of Weevcr, in vbicb all 
monuments of this nature might be inserted. Neither would the Arundelian 
statues, in my lord Lempster's gardens, be improper for them, especially if 
they would undertake to llhutrate them widk other pieon of anti(|ull|jr» fbf> 
to piint them alone without improrements, might he more fit for a sin^ 
person than a body of men. I am glad Mr. Anstis's book Is out, and am, 

DearSii!, 
E^, HttU, (kford, Your most obligjed bumble serrant, 

Fe^. 18, 1724. Tho. Heame. 

My service to Mr. Murray. 



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558 RELIQUIi£ 1724—25. 

organist at All Soub^ Oxon, long before that time. 
But you may soon learn the truth of this, which will 
infinitely oblige, Sir, your very humble servant, 

Tho. Ward. 
As for this notion of there being no organs in ca^ 
thedral and collegiate churches 'till Hen. Vlllth's 
time, it is very odd and groundless. I know not the 
provisions in coUeges and cathedrals on that account, 
but 'tis certain, that oigans in churches were very 
early, as Durantus hath shewed, De Ritibus Eccle- 
si^e, L 1. c. 13. King Edgar founded many churches, 
and OTgans were placed in them ; particularly in his 
time organs are mentioned to be in the church of 
Glastonbury, by John of Glastonbury, in his MS. 
Chronicle ; and since Glastonbury was the mother 
church of this isle, there is no doubt but other 
churches followed her in instrumental musick, as 
well as other things. 

March 7. Memorandum. That in the O^ord 
Almariajch for the year 1725, there is a catalogue 
of the deans of Christ Church, in which, however, is 
very partially left out Mr. Dean Massey, who never- 
theless was as much a dean of that house as ever 
any one was, he having been appointed by a right- 
ful king, king James II. and being installed and 
lived amongst them with great respect, (for he was 
an ingenious, good natured man,) 'till he was forced 
to go off. He hath not been dead long, if he be in- 
deed dead yet. A few years since, Mr. Middleton, 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 559 

chaplain of Merton coU^e, (of which cdl^e dean 
Massey had been,) told me he saw him in France, 
at Paris, in a very chearfiill condition. 

1725. May 29. On Monday last (May 24) was 
hanged at Tyburne, Mr. Jonathan Wylde, the £ei^ 
mous thief-taker. This man was looked upon, and 
deservedly, as one of the greatest, if not the very 
greatest, rogue in England He was the prince (tf 
thieves and villains. Oaths were taken to him, and 
all things were at his direction. He knew, and had 
hand in, all robberies, thefts, &c. and had his pro- 
portion ; but then 'twas usual with him to discover 
many a man, and to get them taken off, such as he 
did not like, or proved otherwise than he would have 
them. He helped many to their own again, but not 
without great rewards, and 'twas this that brought 
him to the gaUowes. 

June 13. Dr. John Wallis, tho' he used no exer- 
cise, (at least very little,) was however very healthy, 
and died in the 87th year of his age. He was a very 
hard student even to the last, and (which is remark- 
able) used no spectacles, insomuch that I saw him, 
a little before he died, in the Bodleian library, (in 
one of the darkest places thereof,) reading a book of . 
a small letter without spectacles, at which time he 
writ the note mentioned at page 12, about the Ma- 
drid Index Expurgatorius. He would usually sit at 
his studies 12 or 14 hours together. 



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S60 RELIQUIiE . 7^5. 

Jukf 15. On this day seniiight (tm. Thursday July 
8) died at London, the Rev. Dr. Richard Fiddes, 
rector of Halsham, near Hull, in Yorkshire, and au- 
thor of A Body of Divinity, in two folios, of An 
Annual Comrse ^ Sermons, in one folio, of the 
Ltfe qf Cardinal Wolsey, in one folio, and of some 
books in 8va (»ie wha:eof is an Essag concerning 
Homer. He was originally oi University cdl^^e, 
in Oxford, and was collector for the* Lent disputa- 
ticms. He left the coU^, took hoty orders, and 
married, and hath left several children and his wife 
bdund him. Some years since, he lost the use of 
his voice, and dedicating some sermons to Dr. Smal- 
ridgie, porinted in 8vo. the doctor got him the d^;ree 
of bachdlor of divinity (tho' he was not master <^ 
arte) confearrcd on him, which was done with diffi- 
culty, there being great opposition in the convoca- 
tion house, and afterwards he was created doct(»r in 
the said faculty. He had a living also given him by 
the umversity, but that he could not hold, by reason 
the person (who was pretended to be a Roman Ca- 
ihcdick, and therefore not qualified to present) con- 
tested the matter, and was too hard for Fiddes. He 
was a man that had a good cradmand enough of 
English^ but had not ^luch learning, especially in 
our history and antiquities, (to which he, at last, 
me^ly to get a penny, for his wife and childra;i re* 
duced him to penury, addicted himself) for which 
reason his Life of Cardinal Wolsey is a vay poor, 
injudicious, weak performance, as would also (with- 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 561 

out doubt) have been his Life of bishop Fisher, and 
his Life of sir Thomas More, both which he had also 
undertaken, but I know not what progress he had 
made in them, tho' he had excellent materials from 
Mr. Baker, of Cambridge, Mr. Anstis, and some 
otiiers. The doctor was little more than fifty years 
of age. 'Tis thought his heart was broke with the 
troubles of his family, and some other misfortunes, 
and it may be he was affected not a little to find his 
life <^ Cardinal Wolsey slighted, as it deserves. I 
was icHd one remarkable thing of this doctor, name- 
ly, that he could write (and did therefore use to 
write) as well in company as out of company^. 

Juljf 22. &T Philip Sydenham has part of a let- 
ter wrote by Oliver Cromwell himself, in these words, 
to general Monk. '7Vi ^aid there is a cunning fel^ 
low in Scotland called George Monk, who lyes in 
wait there to serve Charles Stuart; pray use your 
diligence to take him, and send him up to me. 

In the same letter sir Philip observes, that gene- 
ral Monk's lady, sister to Dr. Clarges, (tho' sir Philip 
believes he never was doctor,) had a gown called the 

4 Jug, 8. I bad made enquiries after Dr. nddes at Oxford for Mr. Baker, 
who bad lent faim two MSS. but could not tell where be was, any otherwiae 
than at London, and at last I understood he was dead. Mr. Baker, in a let- 
ter of July 31, thanks me for these enquiries, and tells me, he bath an ac- 
count of Dr. Flddes's death, from Mr. Anstis, at whose house at Putney he 
died, being invited thither, upon Dr. Mead's adrising him to use tkHe country 
air, in hopes of relief. He came in a weak condition, walked in the garden 
that day, and went out in the chariot ; the next day walked again, and died 
in the erening. He is buried at Fulbam, betwixt two bishops, Comptou and 
RoUnson. T. H. 

C) O 



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562 RELIQUI^ 172s. 

treMon-gown^ which she often put on, and had the 
liberty to paint ' out the tjrrants of Westminster In 
their bloudy, rebellious colours, and this she did» 
says the historian, (so sir Philip writes,) with a great 
deal of wit, and often influenced her husband. 

Jtdy 31. My friend Thomas Bawlinson, esq. writ 
me word, a little more than a week since, that his 
wife^ is ^^ a poor, good natured, honest, persecuted 
creature,'' alluding to the trouUes iq whidi they are 
both involved, occattoned by his creditors. 

He hath but an indiffa*ent (pinion of my friend 
John Murray, whom I and others look upon as a 
very honest man, as without doubt he is, but my 
friend Mr. Rawlinson is disgusted. Mr. RawlJnson 
calls him immune quoddam manstrum, says he 4>vif 
knows how to be sly, and that he was educated under 
his Hounsditch pawn-broking father. 

At the same time he tells me, John Bagford* m 
he takes it, was a much honester man than Jcdm 
Murray, and more knowing, and that the other has 
*..... instead of it'. 

Mr. Rawlinson at the same time hinted, that Dr. 



' Tom. Rawlioaon married bit senrant. Amy FrewiD, who had been bia 
hoaiemaid for some yean. He did not own bis marriage till about tirelT#- 
montbs after it bad taken place, wben, to the dismay of bis brother, aad Ibe 
entire dissatisfaction of bis creditors, wbo had just compleated an arrange- 
ment as to his affairs, he confessed the union. 

* N. B. Afr. Rawlinson owes Mr. Murray money, an hundred pounds, I 
am told, upon bond, which Mr« Murray b ui^geat now, upon Mr. Rawlin- 
•on's marriage, to have again, which puts my friend Mr. Rawlinson ont of 
humour. T. H. , 



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1725. HEARNIAN^. 563 

Mead, &c. are onfy my pretended friends, ^' and have 
enoHifaged my ftudies seeaun^y to make themselves 
giory^- 

He says, '' the knrd Oxford, that fat booby calf, as 
they eaU him, is a rascall ; that be knew Mr. Raw- 
iinson meant im epitaph on poor John Bagford, yet 
sUghted him, (Mr. R.) and has given none himself''.'' 

Mr. Rawlinson says, he '' doubts Lenthall's picture 
of sir Thomas More's fiimily (mentioned in my pre- 
£Boe to Roper) for an original," and signifies, that 
^ a pretty pictmre is in a drunken, sorry wretche's 
hand ; one Southerby he thinks they call the crea* 
ture*." 

5!8p#. 4. On Friday, Aug. 6, 1725, about ten a 
dock in the morning, died in London my dear friend 
Thomas RawUnson, e8€[. (and not, as the printed 
pi^rs have it, on Thursday, Aug. 5,) and was bui* 
ried on Thursday night following, Aug. 12, as I am 
informed, by letter of the said ISth of Aug. written 
by Mr. Scun. May, of London house, (in Aldersgate* 
street,) in which Mr. Rawlinson died, he having for 
several years before rented lodgings thare. Mr. May, 

• I must beg hit pardon. Dr. Mead, Ac. profiBM true IHeiid«bip> «nd I 
hare recdved rignal instancea of it, and I have not as yet found any cause to 
htjealooa. T. H. 

• My lord hath abewed me many partionlar instances of friendship, and I 
am willing to believe him sincere. T. H 

• TUs Is Mr. James^tbeby, wiiom I have menaoned ia my books more 
Iban once, as wa ingenious man ; and iodeod be was carious formeriy^ and 
was much assisted by Mr. Bagford $ but, it seems, he is grown an idle, use- 
leas sot, as I hare been also inlbrmed by Mr. Mn^ray . T. H. ^ 

O O 2 



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564 RELIQUI^ 1725. 

(who is a wealthy dmggM,) added, " it is not easy 
to tell his distemper," but Mr. Murray, from whom 
I had a letter from London of the same date, viz. 
Aug. 12, said, that he died ** after a languishing ill- 
ness." Mr. Murray, in the same letter, said, that 
Mr. Rawlinson " made a will two days before he 
died, wherein it is said he has ordered his debts to 
be paid, and, in order to it, his books are to be sold 
as soon as possible. I hear (adds he) he has left his 
wife 150 pounds a year for life." Tho* Mr. May ob- 
served, as I have noted, that ^tis not easy to tell his 
distemper, yet I believe the immediate cause of it 
was a great concern he had upon account of his 
debts, which were very considerable. For after his 
marrying Mrs, Amy Frewin, that was a servant to 
him, his creditors were very angry with him, and 
united to give him trouble, particulariy Dr. Mead, 
(whom he owed, as I have been informed, five hun- 
dred pounds,) and Mr. John Murray, (whom he owed 
upon bond 100 libs.) were very clamorous, which 
affected him so much, that he broke into such lan- 
guage, as perhaps will not be looked upon as decent, 
considering that 'twas a very great obligation that 
he owed to them for lending him money in his want, 
and staying many years for it. 

At the same time that his creditors came upon 
him, I was also desired to jo)ai with them for what 
he owed me, which was a jnretty many pounds, but 
this I absolutely declined, notwithstanding he left 
me at liberty (for I informed him what I had been 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 565 

moved to) to do as I pleased, which he took extreme 
kindly, and I could wish that Dr. Mead and Mr. 
Murray had acted with the same moderation, since 
Mr. Rawlinson was all along contriving and endea- 
vouring to do the best that every one should be paid, 
as himself told me, and he assured me in particular, 
that he never designed (nor did I ever think he did) 
that I should lose any thing by him, and so he said 
in effect with respect to others. 

But notwithstanding the justness of the debts, I 
am of opinion, that such as were not under an ur- 
gent necessity, should have been less violent towards 
him, espedaUy booksellers, for whom he had done 
eminent service. For, being a man of a brave, noble 
spirit, and being a great lover of books, in which I 
never knew any one whatsoever better skilled, he 
took all opportunities of being present at, or at least 
giving comnussions at, sales and auctions, and by his 
high bidding he strangely advanced the prices of 
books, which he likewise did in booksellers' shops^ 
so that I have heard it said long ago, (and I am of 
the same mind,) that the booksellers ought to erect 
a statue to him. And yet so ingratefuU were they, 
that one of them arrested him for an inconsiderable 
sum, (and yet he was a person that Mr. Rawlinson 
had particularly obliged,) which was the beginning 
of his troubles, and occasioned him to keep in, so 
that he hath hardly been out many years, and dur- 
ing that time he wore his beard for the most part 
long, and appeared very negligent of himself, which 

008 



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566 R£LlQUIi£ 1725. 

conduced, in no small measure, to the impairing of 
his health. 

When he was a schooUboy at Eaton schocA, his 
grandfather, by the mother^s side, Richard Tayler, 
esq. settled upon him an annuity of fourteen pounds 
per annum for his life, to buy books with, which he 
not only fully expended, and noUy answered the 
end of the donor, but indeed laid out his whole for^ 
tune this way, so as to acquire a collection of books, 
both for number and value, hardly to be equalled by 
any one study in England, which wad what really 
run him aground, and brought him at last into so 
much trouble. For he was not a lewd, vicious man, 
but, on the contrary, very virtuous^ temperate, and 
sober, and never married till a Uttle before he died. 

Had he lived some years longer, (which he might 
have done by the course of nature, fat he was not, 
I think, mcnre than 4ff or 46 years of age,) 'tis pro^ 
baUe he might have extricated himself^ and lived 
corafortaUy. For an estate (I am told of six hun*- 
dred pounds per an.) came to him a few months 
since by the death of his mother, and he had begun 
to sell his books in order to pay his debts, and printed 
several catalogues, (six octavo little vcdumes, the last 
of which was printed just as he died,) in which are 
many rare, excellent, and uncommon books, tho' the 
dbief of his collection was not comprehended in these 
catalogues. 

Mr. RawUnson was a man of very great int^rity 
and honour, and so loyal, that he would have done 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 567 

anj thing hr the interest of long James, that now 
lives in exile beyond sea. He died in communion 
of the non-juring church of England, being a perfect 
hater of all new-ftngled doctrines. And 'twas the 
happiness of his &ther, (to whom he was eldest son,) 
nr Thomas Rawlinson, kt. who was sheriff and lord 
mayor of London, to, be also very honest and loyal, 
insomuch that sir Thomas Kensey (who had married 
the sister of Mr. Rawlinson's grandmother by the 
mother's side) and Mr. Rawlinson's father, spent, in 
two years space, ten thousand pounds to keep king 
James II. on the throne. Mr. Rawlinson had seen 
his fitther's expence under his own hand, and it 
amounted to 4600 libs. Sir Thomas Kensey was 
sheriff of London in king James the second's time, 
the year before Mr. Rawlinson's father, and as he 
was a great Mend to the said king, so he was per- 
sonally acquainted with him, and was a brave, bold 
man, 'till he broke his health, by breaking his leg, 
when he languished till the time of his death. 

Mr. Rawlinson loving to be very free in his di»- 
l^ourse, (for as he was bom to the freedom of an 
English man, so he said he would make use of it,) it 
proved of no small disservice to him, because he did 
not observe the wise-man's caution, 7%ere is a time 
to ieep silence, and a time to speak. Insomuch, 
that when he was among such as were of different 
principles from himself, (and could do him much 
mischief,) he would, without distinguishing the sea- 
sons, make use of such girding expressions, as made 

o o 4 



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568 RELlQUIiE 725. 

the persons touched take all opportunities of shew- 
ing their resentment, and giving him trouUe, tho' 
some did it in a sly way. Hence 'twas, that even Dr. 
Mead, who had otherwise shewed himself a friend 
to Mr. Rawlinson, discovered a great deal of indif- 
ference towards him for a good while before his 
death, and avoyded his conversation ; which is pure- 
ly owing to the too great freedom of Mr. Rawlinson. 
For the doctor having been bred a presb3rterian, (as 
his brothers were also, his elder brother Samuel 
Mead having been a tub-preacher, tho' they are 
otherwise now,) Mr. Rawlinson, who was the doc- 
tor's companion, and used to dine and sup at his 
house, and to go up and down in the doctor's coach 
with him, (such an affection did the doctor shew to- 
wards him,) took all occasions whatever of twitting 
him with this, and that too before company, and of 
adding other occasional reflections, by no means pru- 
dent, as made the doctor withdraw his kindness, and 
to express himself in a different manner fix)m what 
he had done. This I have heard spoke of by some - 
of Mr. Rawlinson's friends with a sort of concern : 
and truly 'twas with no small concern that I heard 
thereof at first, easily perceiving what the conse- 
quence would be. 

Some gave out, and published it too in printed 
papers, that Mr. Rawlinson understood the editions 
and title-pages of books only, without any other skill 
in them, and thereupon they stiled him Tom Folio. 
But these were only buffoons, and persons of very 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 569 

shallow learning. Tis certain that Mr. Rawlinson 
understood the editions and titles of books better 
than any man I ever knew, (for he had a very great 
memory,) but then besides this, he was a great reader, 
and had read abundance of the best writers, ancient 
and modem, throughout, and was intirely master of 
the learning contamed in them. He had digested 
the classicks so well as to be aUe readily and upon 
all occasions (what I have very often admired) to 
make use of passages from them ver^ pertinently, 
what I never knew in so great perfection in any 
other person whatsoever. 

On Friday, August 27, 1725, after I had writ 
down the foregoing particulars, Mr^ William Oldis- 
worth told me, that Mr. Rawlinson (what I had not 
heard of before, nor could I have imagined it,) had 
put his money into the South Sea stock, and was one 
of those that lost all by that wicked scheme, in which 
so many thousands were utterly undone, whilst others 
were as great gainers. He said this was certainly 
true, (for I doubted about it,) and was what ruined 
his fortune, and forced him to run so much in debt, 
and was the principal occasion of all his miseries^ 

Sept 10. Mr. Anstis (garter king of arms) being 
in Oxford, (with Mr. Maittaire,) I spent the even- 
ing with them last night, and Mr. Burton, of Corpus 
Christi collie, (who is tutor to a son of Mr. Anstis's, 

7 Upon inquiry fince, I am apt to think (and indeed am pretty well atnired 
of itj that Mr. Oldisworth's information is wrong. T. H. 



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570 RELlQUliE 1725. 

jttife Mtered gentleman commoner of that coU^;e,) 
and Mr. West» of Balliol coll^, were with us. Mr. 
Maittaire then tdd me, that Mr. Rawlinson made 
his will in June last ; that one Mr. Ford is his exe- 
cutor ; that he hath ordered all his books to be sold 
in order to pay his debts; that he hath left ISO (I 
had before been told 150) libs, per an. to his wife 
during life ; that he hath left only two l^ades, viz. 
150 libs, to Mr. John Griffin, of Saresden»u) Oxford- 
shire, (the person who married them,) and 100 libs, 
to Mr. Clavdl, (I suppose Walter Clavell, of the In- 
ner Temple, esq.) and that he hath died (the interest 
and principal being to be reckoned together) ten 
thousand libs, in debt*. Mr. Maittaire said, Mr. 
Bawlinson was apfMrehensive and Bpcke of it (at 
leaM) a year before^ that he should live but a little 
while. He said he was perfectly raving, and in a 
strange delirium for many hours before he died. 
Neither Mr. Anstis nor Mt. Maittaire seem to hare 
any good opinion of Mr. Rawlinson's widow. Mr. 
Rawlinson, however, npcke well of her, and I see no 
reason (as yet at least) to think any thing ill of her. 
Mr. Rawlinson owed Mr. Anstis somethii^ more 
than 30 libs. Mr. Anstis does not seem to think 
thut he riiall ever be paid What must I then think 
of mine, which is more than twice SO libs, tho' I had 
left part of it to Mr. Rawlinson's liberty, considering 
what circumstances he was in ; and yet, if there be 

* OftMtitwasMUheliadboROWvdtbfMlliOHaaadofhUliiotfaerlU^ 
upon mortgage. 



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1725. HEARNIANilf:. 571 

enough^ tb^re i^ na reaion but I ought (and Mr. 
RawUnson assured me he never designed I should 
be a looser by him, and he was certainly very Ikk 
' nest) to be paid the whole, and some would insist 
too upon interest, which I never thought of* Mr» 
Maittaire said, Mr. Rawlinson was grown (and I 
have reason to think it very true) sq very satyrical 
and free with his tongue, that he spdce ill of every 
body whatsoever, excepting only Dr. Richard Hale, 
and yet of him too, at last, he began to find faulL 

S^. 12. Last night Mr. Anstis (garter king oJP 
arms) called upon me at EUlmund hall^ with Mn 
Mattaird and Mr. West, and we afterwards went 
out and spent the evening tc^ther with Mr. White^ 
side, in Gat-itreet. Mr. Anstis said, he was of SxcM' 
ter college^ and was entered there almost fimrty 
years ago. Mr. Mattaire told us, (and he said he 
did not care how puUiok it was made^) that Rc^r 
Gale (who indeed is but a poor stingy man) served 
him a very dirty trick. Mr. Hare it seems had un-*- 
dertflken to publish The Honour of Bkhmumd^ 
from a MS. in the Cotton library. But upon his 
death, Mr« Gale undertook it, and accordingly had 
it printed very pompously in folio, in the manner 
Mr. Hare proposed it, and to the whole is prefixed 
a large preface of about seven or eight sheets of 
paper, which Mr. Anstis said last night was hand^ 
somdy done in good Laitin, but as iot the book it- 
sdf, he observed that Was no great matter, being 



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672 RELIQUIAE 1725. 

what any one else could have dpne in that manner. 
Upon this Mr. Mattaire said, that the said preface 
was writ in English, and that he, (the said Mr. Mat- 
taire,) by the interest of the earl of Pembroke, trans- 
lated it into Latin for Mr. Grale ; that it being de- 
sired to be done with speed, he did it in about a 
fortnight's tin^, (tho' it was a piece of learning out 
of his way, his studies not lying in English history 
and antiquities,) and that Mr. Oale, to whom he car- 
ried it, upon delivery, put into his hand a paper, with 
somewhat in it, that Mr. Mattaire did not look upon 
'till he came home, when he found it to be only three 
guineas, whereas he said 'twas worth ten to write it, 
and he declared now, that he would not do the same 
again for twenty guineas. What Mr. Mattaire re- 
sents the more is, that Mr. Gale did not so much as 
give him a book, which indeed is very mean. This 
Roger Gale (however) hath shewed himself in seve- 
ral respects to be a friend to the writer of these mat- 
ters, in communicating his Fordun, and several par- 
ticulars relating to learning, tho' 'tis very well known 
that he is a very great whig, a man of a very stingy 
temper, notwithstanding he be very rich, and is in 
a wealthy post. I before thought that he could have 
writ Latin himself. I find now he cannot. 

Sept. 13. At the same time Mr. Mattaire told us, 
that Dr. Atterbury, the deprived bishop of Roches- 
ter, (who was my very good friend and acquaints 
ance;) was always, both at Christ Church and after- 



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1725. HEARNIAN^. 573 

wards, his bitter enemy, and that 'twas chiefly by 
his contrivance, that he (Mr. Mattaire) was turned 
out firom being second master of Westminster school, 
to make way for Mr. now Dr. Robert Friend. His 
enemies gave out, that Mn Mattaire was a whig, 
but were forced to be silent, when he appeared to 
be, as he is, a non-juror. They would have had Mr. 
Mattaire to resign, but this he dodined, and told 
them, he would not leave the place unless he were 
turned out, and if they did turn him out, that he 
would then publickly declare it to the world, which 
accordingly he did in the beginning of his VittB 
Stephanarum. Upon occasion of which, I cannot 
but here mention what I spoke of formerly, rte. that 
Dr« Hudson and others would have had me to resign 
my post of second librarian of the Bodleian library, 
but this I would not do, (to their great vexation,) 
upon which they proceeded violently, and I was not 
only ddiiarred that place, (for I have still the old 
keys by me,) but deprived of whatever belonged to 
me there, and all was given to others. 

Sept 18. On Wednesday night, Sept. 8, 1725, 
between eleven and twelve a dock, the people were 
greatly alarmed at a fire, which broke out at the 
south end of London bridge, where the houses being 
all of wood, burned with uncommon vehemence on 
both sides, till about fifty or sixty were laid in 
ashes, eighteen whereof were upon the bridge, and 
the rest in Tooley-street ; and if a stop had not been 



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574 RELIQUIiE 1725. 

put to it by the old stone gate, which stood between 
the second and third arches, the flame must hare 
UQAYQidablj extended as fiur as the draw4iridge al 
least. We^ do not hear of any lives lost, but the 
damage in merchandizes is very great. Some com-^ 
pute the loss at a hundred thousand pound ; but 
most of the houses and goods being insured, it will 
fiUl very heavy iHX)n the insurance. The bridge, we 
are told, has sufiwed but little damage ; however, it 
is at present unpassaUe for carts and coaches, whidi 
are obliged to ferry over the river at Westminster. 

Colcmel Turner, about 18 years ago, having re- 
eeived a hurt on his forhead, a bunch grew thereon, 
which was sl^lposed to have occasioned the distem^- 
per of the fiEdling sickness ; he had been for late years 
importuned to have it opened, but would not con*- 
sent to it, 'till a few days ago^ when an eminent 8ur«- 
•gfipn made an operation with that niocess, that he 
found the point of a sword in his skull of an inch 
long, which he took out, and since that the cokmd 
is very easy, and in a fair way of recovery. Mr. 
Whiteside tells me, he knows the colonel, and that 
the hurt haiq[>ened at the battle of Almanza, when 
he had a &U from his horseK 

• This intelligence is copied from the Northampton Mercwryy a prorin- 
g)a1 nevrspapcr of nnoommoB merit in its day, and apparently a great fti- 
TAprite^ partlcnlariy with tbe hmteU party, in the uniremty. 

^ From the Northampton Mercury, of Sept 20. << Whereas it was said, 
that Edmund Toner, esq. late lieatenant cotoad of the saco»d troop of horse 
l^nw^diers, received his wound by a fall from his itf)rse at tbe battle of Al- 
manza ; we are since informed, tliat it happened near the end of Pali-Mall, 
in a renooQiiter ; and that the piece of sword extracted from within his scuU, 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 675 

Sej^. 9SL The street wbicfa goes from Christ 
Church, hj Christ Church almeshouse t^ Jittilegate, 
is commonly called Brewer^s-lane, and oftentimes 
£9augbter4aiie. The people commonly say 'twas 
catted Slanf bt9-*laoe from 4he schdars befaig IdUed 
there ; but that is a miatalEe* 'Twas so denominated 
from slaying the cattle there, as being remov^ frmn 
the body of the uniiremty. The .tine name of this 
laae or street, when the Dominican and Fryndscaa 
frieries flourished, and after, was Friers-«tireet» or 
FriersJane, tho' that name be now quite fi»got, tli« 
Dominican friery being on the south, and the Fram 
dscan on the west, side of it ; and indeed both these 
houses were brave places and many noble and very 
exodloEit persoDages were buried in the chmnqhes of 
eaeh, and ev^en to this day, in the place where tk« 
Dominican dMirch stood, are bones dug up. I heair^ 
of some very lately, and of a piece of gold, (I know 
pot what,) but I do not hear th^ such are so fre- 
quently dug up at the {dace of the Franciscan church. 
N^r have any reliques been discovered tor many 
years at the place where the Peoitentiarian friery 
(pommonly called the friers of penanoe, of aa^doth, 
kcf) stood, which was at the west end of Paradieei- 
l^d^, and 'twas, when dissolved in 1SQ7,. umtod 



was one inch and 3-8^ of an inch long." N. B. Shewing this panage yet- 
terdsy to Mr. WUlende, who knowi the colkmel, be toM me *twa«.fa]te, and 
that the ooUonel receiTed hit damage at Almanxa, and he thinks this poiage 
it interted, that it might not be beiiered ttat the collond fled at AloMum. 
T.H. 



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576 RELIQUIiE 1725. 

to the Franciscan firiery, in which year all the ftiers 
of penance were abolished. 

Land. Sept. 25, 1725. We hear, that the famous 
ostrich died a few days ago at Sturbridge-fair ; and 
that his body was afterwards dissected at Cambridge 
by Mr. Warren, the surgeon. He cut above six 
inches deep in fat. Many stones and nails and half- 
pence, and some small pieces of silver, all turned 
black, were taken out of the crop and gizzard. The 
silver and copper pieces were very visibly wasted, 
especially about the edges^. 

Oct. 22. This morning called upon me, which he 
had never done before, Mr. Henry Dodwell, of Mag- 
dalen haU, son of the late very learned Mr. Henry 
Dodwell. He called about Mr. Vansittart's sub- 
scribing to Peter Langtoft and John of Glastonbury. 
He told me, he was almost three years standing. I 
got him to stay almost a quarter of an hour. I had 
discoursed him before. I had heard, and so it ap- 
peared to me, that he is a changeling. He is, how- 
ever, good natured, and may, and I hope he will, 
make a good man ; but having not (most certainly, 
as I take it) a capacity, I cannot see how he can 
make any thing of the figure in learning that his 

« Northampton Mercury^ Sept 27. N. B. This ostrich was in Oxford 
tiiis last summer, and was there shewed for many days. What killed it was 
cramming of it too mnch» particnlariy with iron, stones, &c. which (notwith- 
standing what they say) it oonld not digest T. H. 



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1725- HEARNIANiE. 577 

father did. But I mast suspend my opinion and 
leave it to after times. I asked bim about his 
father's MSS. He said be bad not seen them, nor 
did I find that he had seen or knew much of his 
printed books. He mentioned Dr. Heywood and 
.Mr. Parker, the former about his fathers copy of 
Thomas a Kempis, the latter about his fath^'s Dis- 
sertation upon Iren«us. He had heard, he said. 
Dr. Heywood speiJc of Kempis. I told him I had 
seen it, and that I bad made pubtick mention of it. 
He said Mr. Parker had told him the Dissertation 
upon Irenaeus would bear reprinting. I told him I 
had heard his father's lectures were reprinted. He 
said he had heard (he knew not from whom) the 
same. After this I met Mr. Leake and Mr. Pftrker. 
The former said he was not at all acquainted with 
this young man, nay did not know him by »ght. 
Mr. Parker said he knew him, but had not seen him 
of late ; (indeed he hath been in the country, coming 
up yesterday ;) but they both agreed (Mr. Leake 
only from what he had heard) that he would never 
make a scholar, whatever he might with respect to 
being a good man. Mr. Leake observed, that he 
understood he wanted both parts and application. 

Nov. 1. On Friday last (Oct. 29) were planted 
four yew trees upon the top of Heddington hill, 
round the elm tree which is commonly called Jo. 
PuUen's tree**. They are given by Mr. Tilman Bo- 
bart, brother of the late Mr. Jacob Bobart. 

' This tree, mutilated though it be, is still (1856; standinf^ and may in every 

pp 



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578 RELIQUI/E 1725. 

Nov. 15. About Thursday last Dr. Francis Gas- 
trell canon of Christ Church, of the seventh stall, 
and bishop of Chester was seized very violently with 
the gout in his head« He was told that if he would 
take a bottle of Port wine it would drive it back, 
but this he absolutely declined, saying he had much 
rather die than drink a whole bottle of that wine. 
Accordingly he died some time last night at his 
lodgings in Christ Church, and the bells went for 
him this morning, being much lamented. Indeed 
he was the very best of all the bishops, except- 
ing Dr. Hooper bishop of Bath and Wells, and 
had many excellent qualities, among some bad ones. 
I am told he died in the sixty third or grand climac- 
terical year of his age. He took the degree of 
M.A. April the 20th, 1687, that of B.D. June 23, 
1694, and that of D.D. July 18, 1700. On Jan. 5, 
1702, he was instituted canon of Christ Church, and 
on April 4, 1714, he was consecrated bishop of 

senie be deemed oniTenitj property. Firat, from the Msodationi belonging 
toit,endthenumflroa8TisitMit8of eerlydaySfM well m of modern times, who 
hftve made it their tlmoet diily boonderj of ezerdse : next, because the late 
Mr. Wborwood of Headington House gaTe it, al^ongh informally, to the 
nniTeraity authorities, which to the credit of the present owner of the pro- 
perty, Mr. Davenport, was no sooner made known to him, than he declared 
nothing shoold induce him to destroy it, (it had been doomed to the aze,) 
and there it remains still, an illustration to these Remains. The property at 
Headington, as did that at Holton Park, belonged for a long period to the 
old fiunily of the Whorwoods, one of the most ancient and respectable in the 
county of Oxford, and was severed from its original lords, owing to a series of 
improrident proprietors. Not so however the last owner, the Rev. Thomas 
Henry Whorwood, fellow of Magdalen college, who disposed of the remnant 
of this fine estate from a nice sense of honour, and from a desire to get rid 
altogether of incnrobianoes laid on the estate by those who had gone before 
him, and which, at the moment, he saw no other means of surmounting, but 
by a sacrifice painftil to himself, and regretted by all his firiends; by none 
more than the writer of this note. 



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1725. HEAHN1AN.B. 579 

Chester. He hath written and published several 
books, and was looked upon as a man of a good 
rational head, and in several things he shewed him- 
self honest, notwithstanding he was a compljer. 

JVbr. 20. Yesterday at four o*clock in the after- 
noon was buried in Christ Church cathedral Dr. 
Gastrell bishop of Chester, when Mr. George Wigan 
spoke the speech. 

Nov. 22. Tho* Mr. Willis of Whaddon be justly 
blamed for some indiscreet things he hath published 
full of gross blunders and mistakes, yet he hath done 
many things that deserve commendation, and par- 
ticulariy what he is endeavouring now to have done, 
vm. the erecting a church or chapell at Fenny Strat- 
ford, in reference to which I had a letter from him 
yesterday, dated at Whaddon hall the 19th instant, 
which he tells me came to give thanks for my gene- 
rous gift to their chapell, that they doubt not of my 
good offices in the university, and hope I spoke to Mr. 
Whiteside, to whom, he saith, he hath wrote two 
letters without answers, and so desires me to jogg 
his memory, and begg him to favour him vrith a 
line. He hopes he will follow my example, for they 
are, as he says, a true object of charity. This week, 
he says, they shall get up a bell in the tower ; and a 
clock they hope for by Christmas : if he is pretty 
well, he says, he shall go in about a fortnight to Lon- 
don to put his eldest son to Westminster school. 

p p 2 



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580 RELIQUIiE 17^5. 

Nov. 28. The answer I writ to Mr. Willis was as 
follows. 

Honoured Sir, 

What you are doing for the town of Fenny Stratford 
(and indeed for the church of England) is very generous^ 
and can never be sufficiently commended. What Mr. 
Whiteside and others do in it, I know not, farther than 
that I have several times heard them speak very honour- 
ably of it. Some ages ago affaii's of this nature did not 
require such earnest petitions. They were then as willing, 
as they are backward now, to promote such good, Christ- 
ian, charitable offices. I wish you would not mention my 
little mitio. As small as it was, I hope a blesring will 
attend it. I am glad you are going to put your eldest son 
to Westminster school, under so truly excellent a master 
as Dr. Freind, for whom I have always had a very great 
honour, though I am an utter stranger to him. I wish 
your son all possible success, that he may prove a good 
seholar, and (which is far above all learning) a good honest 
man. 

I am, dear honoured sir, 

your most humble servant, 

THO. HEARNE. 
Edm. Hall, Oxford, 
Nov. 21, n%6. 

Nw. 27. Tho' what Mr. Willis is doing for Fenny 
Stratford towards the building of the chapell, where- 
of he bath himself given an hundred pounds, (as he 
laid out some years ago five hundred pounds at least 
upon Bletchley church, in procuring a good ring of 
bells and repairing and beautifying the chancell,) be 
Tery generous, laudable, and charitable, yet Mr. 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 581 

West telb me that he is maligned and ridiculed for 
it, and not thanked^ and even Mr. West himself 
seems mightily to blame him for it» saying that his 
children (which are eight in number, four boys and 
four girls, the two eldest of which girls, now about 
seventeen years of age, are twins) will be bound to 
enrse him for giving away that hundred pounds out 
of their fortunes, his estate being not, as Mr. Willis 
says, hardly a thousand pounds per annum. But 
let them say what they will, 'tis a commendable 
undertaking, and I cannot think Mr. Willis or his 
children will be ever a whit the poorer: on the 
contrary, I hope God Almighty will bless them on 
this account. 

Dee. 6. Sonmer's Saxon Dictionary is now reck- 
oned cheap at three guineas, or three pounds three 
shillings, which is the price Fletcher Gyles puts it 
at in^his sale, that he is now carrying on at London, 
I bought one some time since for forty five shillings, 
I remember one sold for a crown. 

Dec. 8. There is printed and published at London 
an 8vo. pamphlet every month called Memoirs of 
Literature^ the author whereof, I am told by Mr. 
John Innys of London, bookseller, who with hit 
elder brother Mr. William Innys prints it, is Mr. U 
Roch. Mr. John Innys informs me by letter of the 
1st instant that that for November was then pub- 
lished, and that in it is an account of Peter iMng- 

pp 3 



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:\ 



582 RELIQUIiE 1725. 

U^'s Chronicle, that I put out, and that they have 
desired Mr. la Boch alwayd to give an aecouiit of 
what books I shall favour the world with. 

Dec. 9. ''London, Nov. 80 {Tuesd) 1725. This 
day Mr. Curl, the bookseller, was found guilty in the 
King's bench court, of two indictments, for print- 
ing obscene pamphlets." (Northampton Mercury for 
Monday, Dec. 6th, 1725). 

NB. This is that villain Curl, that was so severely 
whipt some years since, for his rogueries, in West* 
minster school, by the school boys of that place. 

Dec. 29. I am told Fletcher Gyles asks 8/. 10*. 
for the Dauphin Cicero de Orat I know not what 
should make the Dauphin books so dear, there being 
nothing hardly of learning , in any of them, but 
Pliny's Nat. History, which indeed was done for 
glory, and much pains and learning (tho' the old ed. 
exceeds it in some respects) are shewed in it, and it 
made the editor Harduin distracted. 

Jan. 12. The &mous Mr. Thomas Creech took the 
degree of M.A. as a member of Wadham College, 
June 18, 1688, after which he became fellow of All 
Souls' College, as a member of which he proceeded 
to B.D. March 18th, 1696, and after that hanged 
himself at Mr. Ives the apothecary's, where he lodged. 
He was found dead in a garret there on July 19th, 
1700, (the day Dr. White Kennett went out Dr. of 



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1725. HEARNIANiE. 583 

Div.) bat he had huDg some days, as was guessed, for 
the body then stunk. He is said to hare been mehin- 
cholj for some time before, occasioned (as 'tis dis- 
coursed) upon account of a mistress. He was cer- 
tainly a most ingenious man, as appears from his 
incomparable English translation of Lucretius, and 
from many other pieces. And when he was of Wad- 
ham college (where he was chum with Mr., after- 
wards Dr. Humphrey Hody) he was observed to be 
a most seyere student, as he was afterwards for some 
time at All Souls, tho' he grew lazy at last. He had 
promised an edition of Justin Martyr's works, in 
order to which many sheets (above fifty) of notes 
were found among his papers after his death, which 
Dr. Grabe borrowed, and I have heard him say they 
were excellent, tho' some things were amiss in them. 
This Mr. Creech was a very proud, morose, sour man, 
and no good company. 

' Peh. 15. My late friend John Bridges esqr.'s 
books being now selling by auction in London, (they 
began to be sold on Monday the 7th inst.,) I hear 
they go veiy high, being fiiir books, in good condition, 
and most of them finely bound. This afternoon I 
was told of a gentleman of All Souls' College, I sup- 
pose Dr. Clarke, that gave a commission of 8^. for an 
Homer in 2 vols., a small 8vo. if not 12mo. But it 
went for six guineas. People are in love with good 
binding more than good reading. 

Feh. 28. Mr. Upton, a schoolmaster in the West 
p p 4 



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584 RELIQUIiE 1/25. 

of England^ in which country he was born, was of 
Eaton School, and afterwards fellow of King's college 
in Cambridge. His father was gardiner to old sir 
Philip Sydenham, father to the present sir Philip 
Sydenham. I am told his father designed him to 
be an hostler, or for some mean imployment, and 
was going towards London with that intent, when 
sir Philip was carrying his son to Eaton. Sir Philip 
understanding his mind, told him he should have 
some better business, viz. that he should be servant 
to his son at Eaton school, which accordingly he was, 
and so became a scholar in the school himself, though 
many years older than sir Philip's son, (I have heard 
it said he was S5 when he came to Eaton, which I 
suppose is a mistake, it may be he was so old when 
he went from it to King's,) and grew a good gram«- 
matical scholar, and young Mr. Sydenham proved 
his true and great friend. At length he became one 
of the masters at Eaton, and marrying, was after- 
wardsy as now, an eminent schoolmaster in the west, 
and was preferred to a living by his patron sir Philip 
Sydenham, to whom Mr. Upton had dedicated Duh 
nysius HaUcarnass. de Structura Orationis. Mr. 
Upton, who is a very good scholar, hath also pub^ 
lished Aschanis Schoolnuisterj with notes, but he 
hath altered the language. He is upon an edition 
of HepJuestim^ which Mr. Steers of Christ Church 
(who was his scholar) told me last night is to be a 
thin folio at 20^. per book, and that Mr. Upton 
shewed him a printed specimen of it this last sum- 
mer. Mr. Mattaire hath likewise a design to print 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 585 

HeptuBstion. It should be a small book, being but 
little itself. 



^pril 7. I was told last night by Mr. Whiteside, 
and I suppose 'tis what others think and say also, 
that sir Isaac Newton took his famous book called 
Principia Mathematica, another edition whereof Is 
just come out, from hints given him by the late Dr. 
Hook (many of whose papers cannot now be found) 
as well as from others that he received from sir 
Christopher Wren, both of which were equally as 
great men as sir Isaac, who, by the way, understands 
not one bit of classical learning, nor can he, as I 
hear, write Latin, but is beholden to others to do that 
for him, although his books be only mathematical 
Latin. 

June 4. On Thursday last, in the afternoon, called 
upon me, father Cuthbert Parkinson, who came from 
East Hendred in Berks on purpose to see me. His 
nephew Mr. Fetherstone came along with him, and 
yesterday I spent the greatest part of the day with 
them. Mr. Parkinson told me, that he himself is 
the author of Collectanea Anglo-Minoritica^ or, a 
Collection qfthe Antiquities of the English Fran- 
ciecansj or Friers Minors^ commonly called Gray 
Friars, in two parts. With an Appendix con- 
cerning the English Nuns of the order of Saint 
Clare. Loud. 1726. 4to. He compiled this work, 
as he told me^ by the help of books in the study of 



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586 RELIQUIiE 1726. 

my late excellent friend Charles Eyston of East 
Hendred esq. Mr. Parkinson, (who is a Franciscan 
himself) is now in the 59th year of his age, as he 
told me himself. He is a very worthy learned man, 
and of an excellent good natured temper. The said 
book is what my letter* of May 22- relates to ; which 
letter they are urgent with me to give leave to be 
printed, to be prefixed to some of the copies. Ac- 
cordingly I gave them liberty to do with it as they 
please. 

June 13. There are such diflTerences now in the 
university of Oxford, (hardly one college but where 
all the members are busied in law businesses and 
quarrels, not at all relating to the promoting of 



e To Mr. Ptrldtuon, ftt Mr. Eyston's at East Hendred, 
near Wantage in Berks. 
Sn, 
I thank you very kindly for your valuable present of the Antiquities of the 
Sni^ish I^andscans. The excdlent author (to whom my very humble serrioe) 
hath taken a great deal of pains, and shewed much skill in compiling this 
work, which I peruse and read with mndi delight. I cannot think, that any 
tme can be against it, that hath any regard for true devotion. 'Tis from 
such books, that we learn the piety, sanctity, and generosity of our ancestors. 
And 'tis therefore a very usefrd piece of service to collect any thing upon 
soch subjects. When I had the happiness of seeing you last here, I men- 
tioned to you a MS. of John of Glastonbury, that belonged formeiiy to sir 
Ridiard lychebum. I know not whether you have thought of it since. 
This author I am now printing, and the work is pretty near being finished. 
I was very soiry to hear some time since of the death of Mr. Robt. Eyston. 
I am, with my reqpects to my friend, Sir, 

your obL and most 

filithfull humble servt 
Edm. Hall, Oxford, Tho. Ubarnk. 

May 32, 1736. 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. §87 

learniDg,) that good letters miserably decay every 
day, insomach that this last ordination, on Trinity 
Sunday, at Oxford, there were no fewer (as I am 
informed) than fifteen denied orders for insufficiency, 
which is the more to be noted, because our bishops, 
and those employed by them, are themselves gene* 
rally illiterate men. 

June 22. On Friday June 10, about 11 o'clock, 
as the Rev. Mr. Anthony Alsop, prebendary of 
Winchester, and rector of Brightwell, near Walling^ 
ford, in Berks, was walking by a small brook called 
the Lock Bourne near the college of Winchester, the 
ground gave way under his feet, which threw him 
into the brook, where he was found dead the next 
morning. The rectory of Brightwell being in the 
gift of the bishop of Winchester, his lordship has 
been pleased to give it to the Rev. Mr. Morgan, 
one of his lordship's chaplains ; a living worth about 
500 libs per annum. As for Mr. Anthony Alsop, 
he was one of the oldest, and one of the most in- 
genious acquaintance I had. He was a man of a 
most ready wit, of excellent learning, a fine preacher, 
and of rare good nature. He was looked upon to 
be the best writer of lyrick verses'" in the world* 
He was a Derbyshire man, was bred up at West- 
minster school, and from thence elected student of 
Christ Church. He took the degree of master of 
arts March 23, 1696, and that of bach, of div. Dec. 
12, 1706. Many years agoe he published, from the 



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588 RELIQUIiE 1726. 

Theater Press, in Greek and Latin, iEsop's Fables 
in Bvo., which is an excellent edition. He was a 
neat writer of Epitaphs, and did many tfaings that 
way and in i)oetry, most of which are unknown. He 
was about 55 years of age when his unfortunate 
death happened, which was occasioned by the work- 
men's having loosened the ground, in order to new 
pitch it, what Mr. Alsop did not know of. He was 
going that by-way to his lodging, having parted 
(I am told) with a friend at the college great gate, 
which being not readily opened, Mr. Alsop said, he 
would not stay, but go the by-way, which he un- 
happily did. His death is much lamented ^ 

July 8. St. Grymbald's obit. The said St. Grym- 

f In a foimer volume (far 17 17) Hearne gives the following account of the 
action against Alsop which is mentioned in 6p. Atterbvys letters, which 
compelled him for a time to leave England. 

" Mr. Alsop, Sector of Brightwell in Berks, being married to the widow of 
<^ Dr. Bemaid late rector of that place, one Mrs. Astrey conunenoes a soil 
*' against him, as having made a contract of marriage with her. .The matter 
'* hath been tryed at London, and given against Mr. Alsop, who is to allow 
" her two thousand pounds damage, and to pay all charges. The said Mrs. 
'' Astrey is daughter in law to Dr. Smith, late principal of Hart hall Some 
** merry letters of Mr. Alsop's were produced. She is a very light body, as 
^' some say, and the witnesses were suborned, and 'tis look'd upon by honeat 
'* men as a party business, carryed on chiefly by one Dr. Lasher a notorious 
** Whigg, who is unde to the giri. Which Dr. Lasher hath been also a very 
<* loose man. Yet it must not be denyed but that Mr. Alsop is to be blamed 
" for having had, even in an innocent way, any thing to do with her." (July 
18, 1717.) 

Dr. Pearson, Princ of Edm. hall, told me last night that the original of 
the proceedings against Mr, Alsop was purely malice, and that no wise maa 
believed any thing of a real serious contract of marriage, but the contrary. 
(July 19.) 

The jury against Mr. Alsop were most of them, I hear, Presbyterians. The 
judge was Ld. di. Justice Parker, a notorious Whigg. (July io.) 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 589 

bild is the snme that was monk and prior of the 
famous monf^terj of St. Bertin in Flanders, and 
being sent for over by K. ^lfred» assisted that great 
king in the restoring of learning at Oxford, being 
one of the first professors in that place^ and 'twas at 
Oxford that he built the famous church of St. Peter's 
in the East, under which, at the East end, he made 
a vault, with a design to have been buried in it him* 
self, but, upon account of the great distiurbance 
between the old scholars and the new, he retired to 
Winchester, and died there on July 8, A^ 904, and 
was buried in the abbey there, (built by K. JSlfred,) 
of which he was abbat, according to William of 
Malmsbury, as I have cited him in sir John Spel^ 
man's Life of K. Mlfred. 

July 10. On Wednesday morning last (July 6th *") 
died at London Mr. Humphrey Wanley of a dropsy. 
He was bom at Coventry on March 21, 1671, being 
the son of the Rev. Mr. Nath. Wanley, that writ the 
Hutory qf Man, and some other books. He was 
put an apprentice at Coventry, I think first to a lim- 
ner, and afterwards to some other trade, as I have 
heard, but the late bishop of Worcester, Dr. William 
Lloyd, at that time bishop of Litchfield and Coven- 
try, understanding that he had some skill in MSS., 
and that he writ an excellent hand, as he came once 
thro' Coventry, he had a mind to try him. And find- 

^ The newspapere say July 5th being Tuesday, but Mr. Murray's letter to 
ne laid July 6th. 



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590 RELIQUIifi IJJB. 

ing what was reported to be true, he took care to 
take him from his trade, and to send him to Oxford 
to his friend Dr. John Mill, principal of Edmund 
hall, thinking that the Dr. by his care might make 
him a useful serviceable man in matters relating to 
learning. He was entered batler of that hall, but 
becoming soon acquainted with that busy man Dr. 
Charlett, master of University college, Dr. Mill could 
not have his design, which was to have well grounded 
him in Greek and Latin, (what Wanley wanted 
much,)and in some academical learning. ButCharlett 
wheedling him, and Wanley being naturally of an 
unsettled temper, presently left Edmund hall, having 
been but at one lecture with his tutor, and that was 
in logic, which he swore he could not comprehend, 
saying, ** By Gr — Mr. Milles, (for he M'as then vice- 
principal under Dr. Mill,) I do not, nor cannot un- 
derstand it,** and so came no more, and entered him* 
self of University college under Dr. Chariett, in 
whose lodgings he lay. Being now at Dr. Charlottes 
command, he was employed in writing trivial things, 
and in talking big, (for Wanley was very impudent 
with Chariett,) so that he got no true learning. After 
a little time he was ipade an assistant keeper of the 
Bodleian Library, where he did a vast deal of mis- 
chief, which I had much ado to rectify after Dr. Hud- 
son became librarian, and I was employed for that 
purpose. After a while he left Oxford, went to 
London, and became secretary to the religious so- 
cieties, and at length librarian to secretary Harley, 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 591 

he that was afterwards earl of Oxford, whieh post he 
held even under the present earl of Oxford, son to 
the other, to his dying day. He was a man of good 
parts, and might have been considerable, had he 
stuck to any one thing, but then he very much 
wanted steadiness and judgment. He was employed 
by Dr. Hickes to draw up the catalogue of Saxon 
and other Northern MSS. in the said Dr.'s Thesaurus, 
which Wanley accordingly did, and dedicated it to 
secretary Harley, but his Remarks Vere writ in 
English, and translated into Latin by the care, as 
I remember, of Mr. Thwaites, who got it done for 
Wanley, tho* perhaps some things were done in 
Latin by Wanley himself, who, however, was very 
meanly skilPd In that business, as may appear from 
his preface to the Oxford Catalogue of MSS. relating 
to the Indexes of that work, which Wanley did; 
tho* the Index to the Cat. of Bodleian MSS. is built 
upon an index, now in MS. far better done by Mr. 
Emanuel Pritehard, janitor of the Bodleian Library. 
Mr. Wanley, besides what Iiath been mentioned, 
published one book, a translation, for the use of the 
religious societies. He was a very great sot, and by 
that means broke to pieces his otherwise very strong 
constitution. He married a widow woman in London 
(that had several children) who died a few years 
since suddenly, but Wanley had no child by her. 
He had begun a catalogue of the earl of Oxford's 
MSS. but he took such an injudicious method, that, 
had he lived many years longer, it would never have 



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592 RELIQUIiB 1726. 

been finished. He had completed six, if not seven 
vols, in folio, taking in whole passages out of the 
respective pieces, on purpose to swell the work, for 
which he was often in my hearing much blamed, 
and an epitome of what he bad done was intended, 
and another method designed for what remained. He 
married another wife (a very young creature) just a 
fortnight before he died, and by that means she had 
what he had, which was considerable. He is buried 
in Marybone church. 

jMly 23. Yesterday, as I vras walking to Godstowe, 
near St. John's college I met with Mr. Anderson, a 
Scottish man, whose brother is professor of divinity 
at Aberdeen. He is related, he t0ld me, to Mr. 
James Anderson, the Scottish historian and anti- 
quary. I have seen this gent, several times some 
years ago. Saith he, ** Mr. James Anderson often _ 
asks after you, and what you are doing. Be sure," 
saith he, ^* when you go to Oxford, always inquire 
how Tom Hearne does, and what he is upon." This 
gent, told me, that the said Mr. James Anderson 
is upon publishing a collection of all things pro 
and con relating to Mary queen of Scots, and that 
his other great work, being a sort of Formulare 
Scoticanum, as yet in MS., is prodigious. 

Just as I was parting from this Mr. Anderson, he 
whispers me in the ear, in the hearing however of 
another Scottish gentleman that was with him, ^ You 
are the only honest man," saith he, ^ in Oxford. You 



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1726. HEARNIANiC. 593 

want a larger gullet to swallow damned cramp 
oaths." 



Jidjf 27. This is the day kept in honour of the 
Seven Sleepers, so called, because in the reign of 
Theodosius the second, about the year 449, when 
the resurrection (as we have it from Greg. Tiiron.) 
came to be doubted by many, seven persons, who 
had been buried alive in a cave at Ephesus by Decius 
the emperor, in the time of his persecution against 
the Christians, and had slept for about 200 years, 
awoke and testified the truth of this doctrine, to the 
great amazement of all. But Baronius does not seem 
to approve of this account, but to lean rather to 
those who will have them so called, from their being 
shut in a cave by Decius, where they died or slept* 
(for the death of the martyrs is called sleep), and 
near 200 years after were found, their bodies incor- 
rupt and fresh as if alive, when in the time of Theo- 
dosius II. the cave was opened. 

Aug. 4. These verses following were communi- 
cated to me by Edward Prideaux Gwyn, esq. 

Upon sir James Baker's death. 
Here lies a knight who now is dead, 
But when alive wore ribband red ; 
In grief for which his brethren two 
Have turn d their red ones into blue. 



Qq 



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594 RELfQUIiE 1726, 

Upon sir Robert Wdlpole's being made knight 

of the Garter. 
Sir Robert, his credit and int'rest to shew. 
Has drop't his red ribband, and took up a blue. 
To two strings already the knight is preferr'd ; 
Odd numbers are luckj — we pray for a third. 

Aug. 6. Yesterday my friend the hon. B. Leonard 
Calvert, esq. left Oxford for Ditchley to see his uncle 
and aunt, the earl of Litchfield .and his countess. 
Mr. Calvert gave me a medal of the famous Maglia- 
bechi, which is an extraordinary curiosity. This 
Magliabechi was a. very great man, and was librarian 
to the great duke of Florence. He was never (as I 
have been told) above ten miles out of Florence in 
his life, and then he walked. He lived upon hard 
^gg^$ &nd wore no shirt. He used to lie in the li- 
brary at last, and he dined at the duke's table. His 
memory was so prodigious, that he could, (when at 
any time consulted) immediately tell what authors 
had writ upon any subject. He did not understand 
Greek, and I am told could not write Latin. He 
was, notwithstanding his severe way of living, a man 
of great humanity and complaisance, and particu- 
larly civil to strangers. 

Aug, 15. Last night came to Oxford from War- 
wickshire, where he hath been to view his estate, my 
friend Dr. Richard Rawlinson, and I was with him at 
the Miter several hours. He hath been travelling 



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1726. HEAUNIANiE. 595 

several years. He was four years together at Rome. 
He was present at the queen's delivery of her first 
diild the prince of Wales, and was then very near 
the queen. This prince is an extraordinary fine 
child. The duke of York is too young to judge of 
him yet. The king id a man that is by no means a 
bigot to tho church of Rome. He is a man of an 
excellent understanding. Yet he is unfortunate in 
making Scotch and Irish his confidents, and those 
too of the meanest sort. Which thing is of very 
great disservice. The queen is a zealous Roman 
Catholic, but hath, as well as the king, a prodigious 
aflfection for the English. 

Aug. 23. Yesterday morning came to Oxford, 
with Mr. John Murray, Mr. Thomas Granger of 
London. The said Mr. Granger is a curious good- 
humoured gentleman, and hath an excellent collec- 
tion of books in English history and antiquities, as 
well as a fine collection of coins and medals. Mr. 
John Sturt of London is also now in Oxford with 
Mr. Bateman and Mr. Granger. This Mr. Sturt hath 
been one of the most eminent, indeed the eminentest 
engraver for writing of this last age. He is a man 
now (as he saith) of sixty-eight years of age. His own 
writing is also as good as his engraving. The thin^ 
he hath done are prodigious. Mr. Murray told me 
formerly that he (Mr. M.) began to collect books at 
eleven, now he says at thirteen, years of age. T 
thought Mr. Murray had kept all his curiosities foge- 

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596 RELIQUIiE 1726. 

ther, ever since he began collecting, excepting dupli- . 
cates ; but he tells me now, that besides duplicates, 
he hath parted, upon occasion, with a vast number 
of things, and I find he lets any one that wants have 
what books he hath, and 'tis this way that he gets 
hiff support. Mr. Christopher Bateman is a West- 
morland man by birth. Mr. Thomas Granger was 
bom at Brayles in Warwickshire. Mr. Murray told 
me, that formerly he gave 10^. for Bamabee's Journal^ 
which was afterwards (a few years since) reprinted, 
and sold for very little. 

Aug. 28. At Campden in Gloucestershire lives one 
Mr. Ballard a taylor, who hath a daughter, a very 
pretty girl, of about fourteen years of age, that hath 
an extraordinary genius for coins, and hath made an 
odd collection of them. Mr. Granger (who came 
from thence last night in his return to London) saw 
her, and speaks much of her, which I took the more 
notice of, because he is himself a good judge of coins, 
and hath an admirable collection of them, especially 
of English ones. But, it seems, this young girl is 
chiefly delighted with those that are Roman. 

Sept. 8. When Mr. Murray and Mr. Bateman were 
lately in Oxford, Mr. Murray put into my hands, for 
a few days, a paper MS. in fol. with the arms of 
England and France on both sides of the binding, 
being Norden's Description of CornwalL He de- 
sired me to look it over, and to give my opinion of 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 597 

it, it being, he said, Christoplier Bateman's, who, he 
said, gave 20 libs for it, and he added that Kit, 
being in but bad circumstances, would print it, to 
raise some money, and had been at the charges of 
engraving the draughts in it, of which proofs lay in 
the book, tho' I found the engravings wrong in many 
particulars. But the maps were wanting in the MS., 
I mean the county maps. I do not know but this is 
the MS. that belonged to St. James's library. Yet 
there being several faults in the writing, I cannot 
tell whether it be the original. Roger Gale, esq. 
hath a MS. of this work, but Mr. Murray said, 'tis 
only a copy of this MS. of Mr. Bateman's. He con- 
fessed, however, that Mr. Grale hath the maps, but 
added that be would lend them Kit Bateman to be 
published. 

Copy of my letter to Mr. Murray, when I returned 
the MS. to Norden. 
Sib, 

Mr. Norden's character is well known from what is al- 
ready printed of his Speculum BritcmmitB, Yet I think 
nothing of his that I have seen equals his Topographical 
and Historical Description of Cornwall, that you lodg'd 
with me for a few days. But the mapps being wanting in 
the MS. I cannot judge of the whole. He took a right 
method to trace the originall of places, by making him- 
self acquainted, in some degree, with the Saxon tongue. 
Nor did he neglect even the Brittish language. Even 
Geffiry of Monmouth was, in many respects, a favourite 
author with him. And that justly, since ^tis certain, that 
Geflfry is in many things an author of credit. The most 

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598 RELIQUIiE \72G. 

early accounts in other countries, as well as our own^ were 
brought down by tradition. And th^*efore tis rather a 
wonder, that there are no more inconsistencies in Geffry. 
Mr. Norden being sensible of this, hath modestly apolo- 
gized for him. And so, without doubt, had he seen it, be 
would have done for the British Chronicle in Jesus College 
Library, which contains more historical facts than are in 
Oeffry, and ought to be printed by such as are Tersed in 
the British language. There are many other pieces as yet 
unpublished of Norden. I hope these may be retarieved 
also, and I think his Preparative to the whole should be 
reprinted, as it was first published at London in 1596 in 
SI pages in 8vo. But this little thing I never yet saw, 
only I have some MSS. extracts from it, that were given 
me by a friend. But I leave this, and other matters of 
this kind, to more proper judges than. Sir, 

your most obliged 

humble servant 
Edmund HaU, Oxford, THO. HEARNE. 

Sept. 6, n^. 

Sept. 9. Yesterday Mr. Layng of Balliol college 
gave me a fine copy of Coryat's Crudities, whicli is 
a most rare book. As lihere are abundance of veiy 
weak, idle things in that book, so there are withal 
very many observations that are very good and nse- 
full, as was long since noted by Porchas and some 
others. The author kept a diary, in which he en- 
tered whatever notes he thought memorable, for 
many years, but what became of it after his death is 
uncertain, tho' 'tis probable, that his mother Ger- 
trude, who lived divers years after his death, and 



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1726. HEARNIAN^. 599 

died at an extreme old age, destroyed it. One 
would wish to have seen that Diary, in which, with- 
out doubt, were many remarks of English aifiiirs, 
particularly before he travelled beyond sea, which 
was not till he was. turned of thirty. 

Sept, 14. (From the Reading Post, Sept. 13, 
1726.) « Lisbon, 4ug. 81, 1726. N. 8. One Wei- 
^ ton, a non-juring English clergyman, who some 
*' time ago arrived here from Philadelphia, died 
^ lately of a dropsy. During his illness he reftised 
^ the assistance of the English minister here, alledg- 
** ing he was not of his communion, though as for 
*^ himself he declared he was of the church of Eng- 
*^ land as reformed by archbishop Cranmer. Aftei* 
^ his death, among his things were found an episcopal 
^* seal, which he had made use of in Pensylvania, 
^ whereas he assumed and exercised privily and by 
^ stealth the character and functions of a bishop. 
** Information of such his practices having been 
*^ transmitted from Pensylvania last year to the 
'^ Lords Justices of Great Britain, they ordered a 
*^ writ of privy seal to be sent to him, conmianding 
** him to return home ; which writ being served 
** upon him in January last at Philadelphia, he chose 
^ ntther than pay obedience to it, to retire hither." 

N. B. This is the fiimous Dr. Welton minister of 
White-chappel, who suffered much for his honesty, 
and was, it seems, a bishop, and is now above the 
malice of all his enemies. 

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600 RELIQUIiE \72(i. 

Sept. 28. Mr. Roger Bourchier, fellow of Wor- 
cester college^ is a man of great reading in various 
sorts of learning. He hath been always of that 
place, having been entered there when it was a hall, 
at his first coming to Oxford. He is not in orders. 
Mr. Colley of Christ Church says he is the greatest 
man in England for divinity. This Mr. CoUey is an 
apocalyptical man, being much given to books upon 
the Revelation, reading, besides Mode, other things 
that he meets with upon that subject, and he is par- 
ticularly strangely taken with a great folio upon the 
Revelation, written by Mr. Daubuz (that same that 
wrote a Latin 8vo. book upon the passage in Jo- 
sephus relating to our Saviour) and published since 
his death, which Mr. Colley saith is the most learned 
book by much that ever he read. I have not seen 
this book of Daubuz's, but Mr. Colley having recom- 
mended it to Bourchier, the said Bourchier also now 
mightily commends it. By this you may guess, that 
these two gentlemen are fanciful, as they are also 
esteemed to be^^. 

Oct. 5. The following paper was communicated to 
me yesterday by Mr. Isham, fellow of Lincoln college, 
viz. 

In the register of St. Martin's parish, Leicester, 
Feb. 6, 18 Eliz. :— " Tho. Tilsly and Ursula Russet 

K Roger Bourchier, son of Thomas B. a poor person of the city of Oxford, 
was matriciUated as servitor of Gloucester hall, July I4i i695> being then 
fourteen. Reg. Malrie. AZ. 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 601 

were married, and because he was and is naturally 
deaf and dumb, could not for his part observe the 
order of the form of marriage, after the approbation 
had from Thomas the bishop of Lincoln, John Chip- 
pendale, LL.D. and commissary, and Mr. Rich. 
Davys, mayor of Leicester, and others of his bre- 
thren with the rest of the parish ; the sayd Thomas 
for expressing of his mind instead of words, of his 
own accord used these signs ; first he embraced her 
with his arms, took her by the hand and put a ring 
on her finger, and laid his hand upon his heart, and 
held up his hands towards heaven, and to shew his 
continuance to dwell with her to his lives end, he 
did it by closing his eyes with his hands and digging 
the earth with hijs feet, and pulling as tho* he would 
ring a bell, with other signs approved.'* — Concordat 
cum originaU. 

Oct 6. Lond. Sept. 29. Thursd. the rev. Mr. 
Francis Wise was lately presented to the vicarage of 
Harlow in the county of Essex. (This from the 
Reading Post for Oct. 8. N.B. This Wise hath a 
donative besides, and is fellow of Trinity coll. Oxon. 
Gustos archivorum of the university, and the in- 
truding second librarian of the Bodleian library, 
which is really my- place.) 

Oct. 12. In August last past a person unknown 
came to Cutt-Hedge-Inn in the liberty of Long- 
parish near Andover, Hampshire, very well drest. 



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602 RELIQUIiE 1726. 

and mounted on a steed worth 20 guineas, and 
having two small twigs in his hand, he came in and 
desired the landlord (Mr, Robert Webb) to give him 
correction, which the landlord at first seemed un- 
willing to comply with, but at the gentleman's fur- 
ther intreaty, he called in a lusty porter, which was 
at the house, and the gentleman (having himself lin- 
trust his breeches) caused the porter to take him at 
his back, and the landlord with the twigs aforesaid 
paid him on the bare buttocks until the blo#d ran : 
for which the gentleman was very thankful ; which, 
the better to express, he treated the landlord and 
porter, and so went off unknown. 

Oct. 19. Wedn. 14<> Kdl. Nov. Oxonii in Anglia 
SanctsB Fredesuuindae virginis. Mart. Rom. St. 
Frideswide flourished about the year 740. She was 
the ornament and patroness of the most illustrious 
city and university of Oxford. Her father's name 
Didan, a person of noble quality, and her mother's 
Safrida. From her infancy she had an aversion from 
all delicacies. She usually lay upon the hard pave- 
ment. A great part of the night she spent upon her 
knees, or prostrate upon the ground. Her ordinary 
diet was barley-bread with a few herbes and roots, 
and her drink only water. By her example twelve 
other virgins forsook the world. She dedicated her- 

kin the ooUedttoB of lettmattribitted, although iUfldy^ Lyttolton, 

the firflowing siiigvlar iivntiTe is raoorded* It formf a fitting companion to 
Heanie*8 Catt- Hedge-Inn story, from which it may probably have taken rise. 
^See Appendix, No. XVI. 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 60S 

self wholly to religion by her parents' leave. By 
the munificence of the king she built a monastery, 
into which she entred with her companions, and 
passed the greatest part of her time in prayer and 
fasting. Alard or Algar, a young prince, being 
smitten with her beauty, she leaves the monastery, 
and flies to Oxford, whither Algar pursued her, but 
was struck blind as he entered the city, but restored 
to sight by her melins, at his repentance. Princes 
Were afterwards scrupulous about entering the city 
at that gate. Out of thankfulness sha built another 
monastery, in which she spent the remainder of her 
life in purity and divine contemplation. This was at 
Oxford, and there she was buried, and after her death 
her immaculate body reposing there, became the 
principal ornament of the city. There is a shrine, 
called St. Frideswide's shrine, now at Christ Church. 

Plate in the treasury of the Monastery of Faversham. 

(From a BIS. in thehuids of Mr. West) 

1. One piece of the holy crosse closed in gold, and set 
with stones. 

% A oruciBx silver and gilt weight 50 3 . 

8. A mitre with pearl. 

4. A staffe with a crosse. The staffe silver paroel gilt. 
The orosse silyer gilt and enamel'd. 

6. A pontifical ring of gold with 4 other gold rings, 3 iii 
et dimid. 

6. n ouches of silver set with peari. 

7. IX chalices with their patents of silver* ^t, pond. 
1605. 

8. II censers of silver and gilt, pond. 140 S . 



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604 



RELIQUI^ 



1726. 



9. A navet of silyer, pond. 3 16. 

10. A bell of silver. II paxes of silver parcel gQt, ; x. 
and IV crewets of silver, pond. S6 j . 

Plate in the Abbots chamber, 

1. A standing peioe all gilt with a cover, pond. B xxx. 

2. A flat peice of silver with a cover, pond. 3 xii. 
S. A salt of silver with a cover^ 3 16. 

4. II gilt spoons, pond. 3 i- 

5. VI spoons of silver with knobs like strawberryes, 
pond. 3 VI. 

6. V masors with covers, pond. 3 xiiii. 

Plate in thefrcOery. 
1. VII masor&with III covers, pond. 3 Lxxxi. 

3. VI silver spoons, pond. 3 iiii. 

Plate in theportery. 

1. A masor, pond. 3 ii. 

2. A salt of silver with a cover, pond. ; vi. 
Summe total of the silver plate was 3 454^. 
Of gold in rings, 3 iii. 

Besides the piece of the Holy Crosse, the Grucefix, mitre, 
staff and 9, ouches of silver set with pearl. 

The price of the Horsee in the Stables. 

In yo first stable VI horses, price 
In y® ^ stable V horses, price 
In y« 3d stable V horses, price 
In y^ 4th stable IV horses, price 
Item 2 mares price 

2 mares price 

Horses and mares 24 price 14. 6. 8. 



li. 

6. 


». 
0. 


d. 
0. 


3. 


6. 


8. 


1. 


18. 


4. 


1. 


0. 


0. 


1. 


6. 


8. 


1. 


0. 


0. 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 605 

Oct. 20. This being the coronatioD-day of Greorge 
duke of Brunswick, commonly called king Greorge, 
there was mighty jambling of bells very early in the 
morning at several places in Oxford. 

To James West esq., at N®. 7 in Figtree court, in the 
Inner Temple, London. 
Dear Sni, 

I hope after you went from Oxford^ on Thul^sday last, 
you, and the young gentleman that acoompanied you^ met 
with a pleasant entertainment at Tetsworth, and that the 
next day, after you had parted with that young gentleman, 
you got safe to London. I fear ''twill be long before I shall 
have the happiness of seeing you again. I have pikid the 
four shillings you left with me for Jerry at Godstow, and 
the same day (as I often do) I drank (as I most heartily 
wish and desire) your health at that place. 

The little book you gave me of the third order of St. 
Francis, called the order of Poenanoe, is a curiosity. But 
th^i ^tis nothing near so rare as the little book of three 
sheets of paper, De Scrtptorum Aritanniearum pcMcitate, 
written by Nic. Carr, which you shewM me at Godstowe, 
and which I looked over with much pleasure. This Oarr 
was an elegant writer, and 'tis a curious subject that this 
little book treats of. But I was disappointed in reading 
it; for I expected, that he would have spoken of the 
havock made of our writers at the dissolution : but this, 
as 1 remember, he does not so much as touch upon. At 
that time perished also a great many TabulcB^ in which 
were recorded the foundations and transactions in several 



k Oct. 21. Yesterday I delivered back into Mr. West's own hands, his 
MS. Bnite of England, after which Mr. West went for London in the after- 
noon, lying last night at Tetsworth. 



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GOG RELlQUIiB 172G. 

religiotis houses. They used to be hung up either hi their 
refectories, or sooie other publick places, where they might 
be seen and read by those of the respective societies^ as 
weD as by strangers. Of this kind were the taifdiB of St. 
Frideswide, formerly much read by the scholars and 
townsmen of Oxford^ of which place she was the ornament 
and patroness. 

When you see Mr. Granger and Mr. Murray, pray give 
them my humble service, and be pleased to accept the 
same yourself from. Dear Sir, 

your most obliged 

and most humble servant 
Edm. Hall, Oxford, THO. HEABNE. 

Oct. 28, 1726. 

Oct. 29. On Thursday night last Mr. Graves of 
Mickleton in Gloucestershire, who is now in Oxford, 
shewed me a copper coin of Theodora, the second 
wife of Constantius Chlorus. It is small. He said 
he was told it was found near Campden in Glouces- 
tershire. It is a great rarity ; all her coins are scarce. 
On one side is FL- MAX THEODORA AVG 
Theodone caput diad. On the reverse PIETAS 
ROMANA Figura muliebris, stans cum puerulo 
lactente: infra TR.S. 

My friend Mr. Graves was bom on April 22, 1677» . 
as he told me last night. He hath an aunt, that is 
an hundred and one years of age, as I heard him say. 
She is still a woman that is vigorous, and hath her 
senses perfect. She is a tall upright woman, and 
still comely, she having been formerly very handsome. 



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1726. HEARNIANiE. 607 

Mr. Gravee md^ that Dr. Knight (if he sorvivee her) 
is to preach her fcineral aermon, he being very great 
with her. 

The said Dr. Knight is different from Dr. Knight 
that was of St. John's college, Oxford. He was a 
Cambridge man, and hath published one vile whig- 
gish sermon, if not more. He hath likewise scribled 
and published the lives of Dean Colet and Erasmus, 
both in 8to Tolumes, and are but miserable stuff. 
There are indeed diyers cuts in them, but they are to 
please women and children. The life of Erasmus is 
worse than that of Dean Colet. 

Not. 2. Valerius Andreas in BibUotheca Belgica 
p. 866. ed. Lavanii, 1648, 4^ gives an account of 
Richard Whyte of Basingstoke and his writings, but 
mentions no more than nine books of his History, so 
that even then the tenth and eleventh books, which 
my friend Mr. West hath, were extremely scarce. 

Dr. Rawlinson (in a letter from London of Nov. 1) 
tells ihe that my reflections on Mr.Moyle, at the 
end of John of Glastonbury, have raised on me a 
nest of hornets, but he says, by what is already 
printed, their satyr is as edgeless, as their endeavour 
strong, to say something spiteful and unreasonable : 
suoh a Corjrphseus of the party must be defended at 
all events, and every thing sacrificed to such an oc- 
casion to spleen. " Some pretended,*' says the Dr., 
** to affirm that there was not only venom in your 



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608 HELIQUIiE J726. 

works, but rank treason. One La Roche, a French 
Huguenot^ who patches for the booksellers a piece 
he terms Memoirs qf Literature^ I am informed,'* 
continues the Dr., '^ intends not to let you pass by 
unremarked in his next labours for bread, but hack- 
ney writers, and such kind of cattle, are mushrooms 
of an hour's growth, and forgot almost as soon as 
bom. These/' adds the Dr., '^are some notices I 
picked up in conversation, as one cannot always 
chuse one's company, and one lays under obligations 
to bear with impertinencies." 

Mr. Creech, fellow of All Soul's college, hanged 
himself in the year 1700. He was one of the most 
applauded wits we had, and for several curious pieces 
deserved well of the commonwealth of learning. By 
the coroner's inquest he was found non compos men^ 
tis. The evidence for it was- very good, being such 
as had observed him to be melancholly for a some 
considerable time. He was upon a new edition of 
tbe ancient father Justine Martyr, and . had prepared 
several materials for it. 

Nov. 5. Sir Norton KnatchbuU had a folio MS. 
which must be of great use, thus intit. in sir Norton's 
Auction Catalogue, "Dr. Rich. Zouche's Privileges 
of the University of Oxford, collected into a body, 
1659." And in p. 8, there is mentioned to be among 
his MSS. " A Chronicle of England in English verse," 
on paper, fol. and num.167, '*John Norden's Ab- 



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1726. HEAHNIANiB. 609 

Btract of the General Survey of the Soke of Lindesey 
in the county of Lincoln, with all the manners, town- 
ships, lands imd 'tenements, within, or belonging to 
the same, being a parcel of the dutchy of Cornwall, 
1616, foL 

Nw. 6. Mr. Willis of Whaddon-hall told me last 
night, that Mr. Francis Peck, who is printing the 
antiquities of Stanford in Lincolnshire, which he calls 
Academia tertia Angtieana^ was formerly his ser- 
vant. For being a poor servitor of St. John's coll. 
in Cambridge (I think Mr. Willis said, his mother 
was a poor woman, that worked for her bread, being 
a sort of semstress), Mr. Willis took him to his 
house at Whaddon, before Slyford was with him, 
where he wrote for him» and drew some things, he 
being an expeditious scribe, and good at drawing. 
After some time Mr. Willis discovered him to be a 
****♦**; for he not only preached in a certain church 
without being in orders, but betrayed the family con- ' 
cems of Mr. Willis, who thereupon quite discarded 
him. He is a batchelour of arts, and is now a cler- 
gyman. He hath got some good papers of other 
men's, particularly of one that is dead, and formerly 
undertook the antiquities of Stanford, and by the 
help of these he may make a. good book, he being 
himself (what Mr. Willis acknowledges) a man of 
parts^ and no mean scholar, tho' very conceited^. 

4 Fqr sn account of Peck see Nichols's ffiitoryof Leieuterskire, and Anec- 
doiet of IdtertUwre, as well as some additional particulars in Chalmers's Bio- 

R r 



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610 RELIQUIiE 1726. 

Mr. Jobn Dryden, tlie great poet, was buried in 
Westminster abbey among the old poets in May 
1700, being carried from the college of Phyisicians, 
where an oration was pronounced by the famous 
Dr. Garth, in which he did not mention one word of 
Jesus Christ, but made an oration as an apostrophe 
to the great god Apollo, to influence the minds of 
the auditors with a wise, but, without doubt, poetical 
understanding, and, as a conclusion, instead of a 
psalm of David, repeated the 80th ode of the third 
book of Horace's odes, beginning, Exegi monumen- 
tum^ &c. He made a great many blunders in the pro- 
nunciation ^ 

Nw>. 18. On Thursday the 8d of this month was 
hanged at Tybume Anthony Dniry, for robberies on 

graphical Dictionary, Neither of these writers was aware of Peck's obligatioiiB 
in early life to Browne Willis, nor of their subsequent disagreement. Peck, 
in affcer Ufe, mentions WilMs with respect, dedicating a plate in his History of 
Stanford to him, in which he is termed " that curious and communicative an- 
tiquary Browne Willis, esq." 

' See an interesting account of Dryden's foneral in Malone's Life prefixed 
to the Prose works of that illustrious writer. The extract from Heame given 
above corroborates, in great measure, Malone's confutation of the Mae stete- 
ments of what took place on that occasion, related in one of Curll's compila- 
tions (the Memoirs of Congreve), said to have been written by a Charles Wil- 
son, esq., but really penned by Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas. Heame, who was no 
admirer of Garth* would have delighted in the story of the grave physician's 
fsUing into the *' old beer barrel" in the midst of his oration, had such an 
event ever taken place. See Malone*s Life of Jhydcn, p. 361. ' In a subse- 
quent voL(i 15. p. 17) Heame writes, on Tuesday, April 30th, 1700, about' 
nine o'dock in the evening died John Dryden, esq. the celebrated poet, aged 
69, leaving behind him 80 libs per annum to his wife, and as much to his son, 
with a new comedy in MS. About two days before his death he finished a 
satyr against sir Richard Blackmore, with as much spirit and vigour, as if it 
had been wrote in the flower of his age. 



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1726. HEABNIANJE. 611 

the highway, (he having particularly robbed the 
Biffieter waggon of a great sum of money &c.) in the 
28th year of his age. After the death of Mr. Har- 
rison, late chaplain of Christ Chnrch and minister of 
Magdalen parish in Oxford, his widow, (an elderly 
body, though Mr. Harrison was a young man,) who 
was daughter of Mr. Arthur Violet, (who had been 
esq. Beadle of Div. of the univ. of Oxford,) was 
married to this Drury, who married her purely for 
her money, a great deal of which he soon spent, and 
so left her. He was a person of good natural under- 
standing, and might have lived in great reputation, 
and very happily, he being very famous for curing 
smoaky chimnies, for which reason he was commonly 
called the Chimney Doctor^ and got considerably 
by this practise. But after he was married to Mrs. 
Harrison, she thought such a profession too low, and 
would therefore have had him to leave it, which he 
declined. This and the difference of their age, (she 
being an old woman to him,) as well as her cross 
ugly humours, (which killed her first husband, who 
was a mighty goodnatured man,) made him very 
uneasy, and conduced to his ruin, to say nothing of 
his having another wife, with which he was charged 
in Newgate by the minister, but waved it, and would 
not give a direct answer. He was born at Norwich 
of honest creditable parents, who gave him good 
education lor business, and instructed him in the 
principles of religion. At the place of execution he 
appeared \^ith abundance of courage ; lie said King 

R r 2 



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612 RELIQUIAE 1726, 

the waggoner was the only person who put him 
upon robbing the Bisseter waggon, as also the Ban- 
bury waggon, and his own wife of £4, but that he 
only got 2 or S shillings from her. He complained 
of his wife's unkindness, but/orgave her. He called 
to a gentleman at the place of execution, and gave 
him some directions relating to his estate. He also 
gave several advices to the spectators, desiring them 
to live holy, virtuous, and godly lives ; and he hoped 
to be saved thro' the merits of Jesus Christ, and 
died apparently penitent. 

About the year 1704 a young gentleman (a com- 
moner) of Magd. hall in this university, who was 
son to the learned Dr. Inett, being drinking with 
three others, after they had drunk ale for some time 
'twas concluded to drink brandy upon it; which 
they did in such a quantity, that they all fell asleep. 
After some time, three of them awoke, and found 
the other, Inett, quite dead, and he could never be 
recovered, the strength of both liquors exhausting 
his spirits. Richard Barlow of the parish of White 
Waltham died A.D. 1705 suddenly, having before 
drunk considerable quantity of ale and brandy. 

N'ov. 15. On November 9th last called upon me 
Edward Harley esq. late gentleman commoner and 
master of arts of Christ Church, (son of auditor 
Harley,) he being going with his lady (sister of Mr. 
Morgan of Tredegar) into Wales. This Mr. Harley 
is a fine gentleman, being much given to books, and 



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1726-. HEARNIAN^. 613 

a friend to sckolare. He bath one son (being bis 
first cbild) about a quarter of a year old, by bis 
lady, wbo is a very great fortune to bim. [He batb 
another son since, Dec. 6, 1727*] 

Nov. 19. " Some days since died at bis chambers 



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614 RELIQUIiB 1726'. 

tombSf images, seales and other curiosities by 
Robert Halstead,^ London, printed in the year of 
our Lord MDCLXXXV. Mr. West judges rightly 
that the said book is a very great rarity. I do not 
remember any thing distinctly about it ; but I think 
I have seen it. I would fain have some short ac- 
count of this Halstead, who and what he was^ and 
whether he was a man of learning. 

Nov. 80. One Mrs. Anne Toft, vife of William 
Toft clothworker of the town of Godliman within 
three miles of Guilford in Surrey, was delivered 
of 9 creatures resembling rabbits at several times 
in the month of October last, and since that 
time she hath been delivered of 8 more, in all 
seventeen. All papers are ftill of this, as are also 
many private letters, and 'tis so well attested by 
several chirurgeons, physicians, and others, (among 
which is Mr. John Howard, chirurgeon and man- 
midwife in Guilford, who delivered her, women mid- 
wives being after one rabbit came from her afraid to 
proceed,) that no doubt is made about the truth of 
the hjot^. Dec. 8. The woman that has been delivered 



1 « This Halstead is supposed to be a fictitioiis name ; and the book, fai 
reality, to have been compUed by Henry eari of Peterboroogh. See a good 
aoconnt of it in Lowndes Bibliographer^ s Manual ii, 862. The British 
Museum certainly has two copies, oneofwhjch came amongst the library formed 
by that zealous book collector IdngGeorge the Third,andgiTen to the nation by 
king GecM^ the Fourth : the second by the late Mr. Grenville. For further 
mention of this rarity, and the libraries in which it may be found, see Gongh^s 
BriHMh Topographpy and that most useful, but now neariy forgotten, book the 
Centura LiUraria, 

^ Heanie concludes tbis subject Apr. ai, 1717. Mary Toft the Godalmin 



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1726. 



HEARNIANiE. 



615 



of 17 rabbits at Godalmin is come to town by order 
of his majesty, and is lodged in the Bagnio in Long 
Acjre, where there is a great resort to see her. Dec, 
93. Mary Toft, the rabbit-woman from Godliman, 
is ordered to be prosecuted upon the statute of 
Edw. Ill, for being a vile cheat and impostor. 
There is a very great resort of all manners of people 
to see her in Tothill Fields, Bridewell. 



Dec. 5. On Friday last in the afternoon was a 
convocation for electing a minister of some' west 
country living", which falls to the university upon 

rabbit woman was (April 8) diacharged from her recognisanoe at the quarter 
068810118, Westminster, there being no prosecntion. 

n This was the rectory of Lozore in Devonshire. Heame*8 aooonnt is 
carious, as shewing ns the combinations of colleges in his day. It will be 
interesting to Oxford men if I take this opportunity of rocoiding the lesnlts 
of a few elections in the nnirersity which I have casoally met with in my aca- 
demical researches. 



UmverHfp eorUettsfor Chaneelhr. 
1759. ^Jiord Westmoreland 331 

Bp. of Durham 300 

1763. Lord Litchfield. 311 

Lord Foley 168 

1809. Lord Grenrille 406 

Lord Eldon 393 

Duke of Beaufort 338 

Burffestes, 

1679. ^* Perrott 334 

Sir Leoline Jenkins 104 

Dr. Oldys 104 

Hon Mr. Lane 45 

1705. Mr. Bromley . . 335 

Sir Wm. Whitlock 314 

Sir Hugh Mackworth .... 1 10 

1731. Mr. Bromley 334 

Dr. Clarke 375 

Dr. King 163 

R r 



1736. Mr. Bromley 329 

Mr. Trevor 136 

1750- Sir R.Newdigate 184 

Mr. Harley 136 

Sir E. Turner 67 

i768.SirR.Newdigate *.. 353 

Mr. Page 34^ 

Mr. Jenkinson 198 

Dr.Hay $3 

1806. Sir Wm. Scott 651 

at Hon. C. Abbot. 404 

Mr. Heber 3^^ 

iSti.Mr.Heber 613 

Sir John NichoU 519 

1839. Sir R. H. Inglis 755 

Rt. Hon. R. Peel 609 

1847. Sir R. H. Inglis 1700 

Rt Hon. W.'B. Gladstone 997 
Mr. Round 834 

1853. Sir R. H. Inglis 1369 

4 



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616 



KELIQUI.« 



1726. 



account of the patron's being a Roman catholic, in 



Rt. Hon-W.E. OUdstone 1108 

Dr. Marsham 758 

1853. Rt Hon. W. E. Gladstone 1021 
Mr. Peroeral 898 

Margaret Prqftsior. 

1691. Dr. Maurice 40 

Mr. Sykes 35 

i705.Mr. Wynne 33 

Dr. Baron ty 

1 728. Mr. Jenner 34 

Dr. Leigh 34 

1783. Dr. Neve 77 

Dr. Bandinel 53 

1817. Mr. Fanaaett 43 

Dr.Narea 33 

Mr. ShutUeworth 19 

1833. Mr. Henrtley 53 

Mr.Woodgate 46 

Mr. Hanaell 33 

Mr. Foulkes 30 

CmiUkn*t Pr<tfesior of Hisiorp. 

1688. Afr. Dodwdi 104 

Hon. Mr. Finch 98 

Dr.Aldworth 86 

^720. Dr. Harriaon 177 

Mr. Deniaon 104 

Mr. White 91 

i773.Mr.8oott 140 

Mr. Bandinel 115 

Mr. N^>leton 99 

i785.Mr.Warton 186 

Mr. Wtnatanley 107 

BodUp's Librarian, 
1701. Dr. Hndaon . . 194 

Dr.WaWa 173 

1 719. Mr. Bowlea 106 

Mr. Hall 77 

1 768. Mr. Price.. .. 

Mr. Clea?er . . . 



> equal 



OuttOB Archivorum, 

1 777. Dr. Bttdder 366 

Mr. Rawbone 97 



Mr. Price 26 

Hon. T. F. Wenman :... 121 

Dr. Monkhouse 191 

Mr. Cooke 180 

Mr. Bliss 133 

Mr. Heyes 107 

Prqf€*ior of Poetry. 

Mr. Lowth 333 

Mr. lisle 414 

Mr. Hawkins '. . . . . 176 

Mr. Thompson 131 

Bfr. Hnrdis 30i 

Mr. Kett rSi 

(no poll but on a looae state- 
ment of Totea promised.) 

Mr. Garbett 921 

Mr. Williams 623 

Vriierian PrqfeM»or. 

Bfr. Woodeaon 331 

Mr. Rooke 336 



1781. 
1818. 

1741 
«75« 
1793 
1843, 

1777 



Clhdoal Profu 

i785.Dr.WaU 196 

Dr. Vtrian 194 

Aldrichian Phtftic. 

1803. Dr. Bourne 323 

Dr: Williams 338 

Curatwr tf the Theatre. 

Dr. Butler 96 

Dr. Shlppen 65 

Pubfie Orator. 

1697. Mr. Wyatt 112 

Dr. Penton 99 

Mr.Waple 92 

Mr. Manningham 2 

1 745. Mr. Usle 167 

Mr.Hind 98 

1760. Mr. Nowell 141 

Mr. Vivian 138 

1784. Mr. Crowe 58 

Mr. Tatham 54 

Mr. Bunington 45 

Mr. Sergrove 43 



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1726. HEARJsflANifi. 617 

the room of Mr. Charles Reeve M.A, late of New 
college, who is dead. This Mr. Reeve took the said 
degree of M.A. June 14, 1707. He married one 
Mrs. White, sister of Mr. White the chymist of 
Holywell in Oxford. He drank very hard, which 
ended his life. His wife is living. Candidates were 
Mr. Bourn, chaplain of Corpus Xti coll., and Mr. 
Quicke of Christ Church. Mr. Bourn is much the 
senior. They are both masters of arts. Mr. Bourn 
had ISO votes and Mr. Quicke only 98. Magd. coll. 
and Univ. coll. struck in with Corpus. Mr. Bourn 
had been formerly of Univ. coll. ; Dr. Charlett being 
his uncle. Balliol coll. struck in with Christ Church. 
A.D. 1698. A charter passed the seals for the 
making Gloucester Hall in Oxford a college, by the 
name of Worcester college. Sir Thos. Cook gave 
for that end 10.000£, and Dr. Woodrof pretended to 
be a great benefactor. Sir Thos. committed the 
care of that business to the bp. of Worcester, Dr. 
Stillingfleet, but Dr. Woodrof put into the charter 
that the king should have liberty to put in and turn 
out the fellows at his pleasure, which displeased the 
bishop very much, who said that kings have already 
had enough to do with our colleges. Upon this 
it was reported the bishop would alter his purposes, 
and give the money to some other place in this uni- 
versity. And Dr. Mill, principal of Edmund hall, 
said, that if it should so fall out, he did not question 
but that he should get it for Edm. hall; for bp. 
Stillingfleet nominated that place at first as most fit ; 
and Dr. Mill had abundance of more interest too 



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618 RELIQUIJS 1726. 

with the bp. than Dr. Woodrof. But soon after 
I heard that [things were settled again between the 
bp. and Dr. Woodrof, by reason of a paper drawn 
up which annulled what was inserted in the charter 
with relation to the king ; and thereupon the busi- 
ness went forward, and afiker some years it was fully 
ended, and Gloucester hall became a college, not- 
withstanding the contrivances of the late Dr. Lan- 
caster to have it at Magdalen hall. 

Dec. 15. Sept. 26th Mr. Calvert told me that he 
hath an uncle called Mr. Fasten, who is a very cu- 
rious gentleman. He is a Roman catholic. He lives 
at Pauntly in Gloucestershire. He married Mr. 
Calvert's aunt, viz. the lady Anne Calvert. She is 
his second wife. His estate (at least the greatest 
part) is abbey lands, and thrives with him, as it is a 
general observation that abbey lands thrive in Roman 
catholic hands, though not in others^. Mr. Charles 

o Beanie's remark on the prosperity attending the possession of abhey 
lands by Roman catholic proprietors is rather unfortunate in this instance. 
The Fasten name, at once one of the most ancient and respectable in Eng- 
land, is, I fimcy, now extinct. The last of the family lited at Horton, and 
becoming involved fell into the hands of an attorney in the neighbourhood, to 
whom he ultimately became so indebted, that dyings he paid his debt by leav- 
ing the estate to this gentleman. There was, if I remember rightly, a suit at 
law in consequence, which at the time occasioned a great sensation in the 
county, and on the production of the will, which (having been proved in 
some consistory court in the country, and erroneously sought for in the pre- 
rogative court in London only) was supposed not to exist, the cause was im- 
mediately decided in fkvour of the attorney. Heame, subsequently, gives 
many e xtr act s from charters and other documents, relative to the Fastens, 
which I only omit as not being of general interest. They may however be 
found in the Diary, under 1716, by the curious inquirer. See a reference 
to a sir William Fasten in Russell's Memorials of Thomas Fuller, Lend. 
Fickering, 1844, page 3a. I cannot refer to a more interesting or accurate 
little volume. « 



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1726. HEARNIANiE, 619 

Hyde is chaplain to him. Mr. Paston's son married 
Mrs. Courtney, a lady of great understanding and 
virtue. They were married in 1725. Her brother 
(who is a protestant) hath many old valuable writ- 
ings. Mr. Calvert then told me that the great tithes 
of Ejssling near Richmond in Yorkshire belonged 
to the priory of St. Agatha, i. e. Richmond juxta. 
The foresaid young Mr. Pastom (William Paston esq.) 
lives at Hortou near Badminton in Gloucestershire. 
This Horton belonged to the church of Salisbury. 

Dec. 28. « London Dec. 18. On Friday night 
the vestry of St. Martin's in the Fields chose the 
Bev. Mr. Horseley their second reader to succeed 
Mr. Ellison, deceased, as clerk of the said parish, 
which is returned worth about £800 per annum.'' 
Beading Post, Dec. 19* 1726. 

*^ London, Dec. 18. Dr. John Cockman of Maid- 
stone was lately marryed to Mrs. Dyke, sister to sir 
Thomas Dyke of Sussex, bart." This Dr. Cockman, 
who is younger brother to Mr. Thomas Cockman, 
master of University college, is a man of a sweet 
temper, and is ingenious. He had a great practice 
in his profession of physick at Maidstone, but his 
first wife being a great fortune to him, upon her 
death, or rather before, he left off his practice, and 
came and lived in Univ. college in Oxford, of which 
he had been formerly a member. By the said first 
wife (a pretty woman) he bad only one child, a 
daughter, (a pretty young girl,) now tiving. As for 



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r{20 RELIQUIiB 1726. 

sir Thomas Dyke's sister, she is not very young, but 
very agreeable, both in her person and temper, and 
though younger than the doctor, who is about forty- 
six years of age, yet she is of an age suitable to his. 
Sir Thos. Dyke was a young nobleman of Christ 
Church a few years since. 

Dec. 25. One Mr. Eachary Pearce, a Cambridge 
gentleman, who some time^ince put out a piece of 
Tully ^ith a fulsome dedication, hath just published 
a sermon in 8vo. preached by him at London at the 
consecration of some new church there (ri». in Lon- 
don) by bp. Gibson, at the end of which he hath 
added an essay about the original of temples. In 
which essay he often quotes Dr. Potter bp. of Ox- 
ford's Antiquities of Greece^ as if Potter had any 
thing extraordinary, not observed before by Meursius, 
whereas indeed Potter is nothing but Rouse improved 
from Meursius, as any one may immediately perceive 
that will give himself the trouble of considering 
impartially. And whereas many very curious new 
observations might have been made, (several relating 
to the Greek coins,) Potter hath not made so much 
as one ; the study of those coins &c. being quite out 
of his way. This Pearce also speaks of sir Isaac 
Newton as the genius and glory of this isle, and 
makes him as great a chronologer as he is a ma^ 
thematician. There is no doubt that sir Isaac is a 
very great mathematician, but in chronology he ad- 
vanced paradoxes and new opinions, and being no 



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J72G-7. HEARNIANiE. v 621 

classical scholar, (as 1 am well assured he is not») 
he must be at a loss for reading, to know what the 
ancients delivered of such and such affairs, and 'tis 
too late to begin reading now at his great age, 
though I cannot find that he thinks much of death. 

Jan. S. Dr. Humphry Hody died on Jan. 91, 
1706, in the 45th year of his age, at which time 
I heard Dr. Grabe say that he was an older man 
than Dr. Hody, so that Dr. Grabe must have been 
at least 51 years of age when he died. The said 
Dr. Grabe was a Prussian by birth, and in his own 
country a Lutheran, but disliking some things of 
that persuasion, he writ a book or two in his own 
language, shewing his dissent from some particulars, 
which, as I think, being answered, and he being un< 
easy, he came into England, and coming acquainted 
with Dr. Mill, principal of Edmund ha1I» he proposed 
to publish several books, one of which was to shew, 
that the church of England excells all other churches. 
But Dr. Mill and others put hxtn by this design, aa 
thinking (and very rightly) that he was very un- 
qualified for such an undertaking, as he was a fo- 
reigner not thoroughly acquainted with our affairs, 
and being still in some things a Lutheran. Instead 
therefore of writing upon the church of England, 
they pnt him upon SpicUegium Patrumy which he 
had also proposed, and accordingly he printed two 
Tols. of that work in 8vo. during his residence at 
Edmund hall. After which^ being made chaplain of 



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622 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

Christ Church, he laid by that design, (for he was a 
very fickle, unsettled whimsical man,) and put out 
an 8vo vol. of a piece of Justin Martyr, and intended 
other parts, but did not, leaving the rest for others, 
which accordingly was done, and then he set upon 
an edition of Irenseus and finished it, though had it 
been to consist of several volumes, be would certainly 
have laid it aside. After this, leaving his chaplain- 
ship, he settled at London, and put out bp. BulPs 
works in falio, but without the bp.'s leave, adding 
many things of his own, which are &r inferior to 
the bp's. Then he set upon the Septuagint accord- 
ing to the Alexandrian MS., and printed some parts 
of it, and prepared the rest for the press, which hath 
been since published by Mr. Greorge Wigan, now 
principal of New Inn hall. But Dr. Grabe was so 
weary of this work of the Septuagint, that I have 
often heard him say, he wished he had never under- 
taken it. However, his friends prevailed with him 
to go on, though during his being upon it be made 
an excursion into matters of controversy, and writ 
and published a little 8vo book against Mr. Whis- 
ton, printed first in the Theater at Oxford, and since 
the Dr.'s death at London. In order to the writing 
of which book against Mr. Whiston, (which was 
afterwards answered by Mr, Whiston,) he was obliged 
to take one or more journeys to Oxford to consult 
MSS., in one of which journeys he happened to re- 
ceive a bruise in bis breast from the coach, which 
occasioned his death. The Dr., after he had left 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiB. G2S 

his chaplainship of Christ Church, where he never 
officiated, had an hundred a year pension settled 
upcm him from queen Anne, but 'twas very rarely 
paid him, as I have heard him complain more than 
once, in so much that he wanted money, and would 
often borrow of friends, and 'twas his general 
complaint that he could not get generous subscrib- 
ers heartily to promote and encourage his learned 
labours. 'Tis certain he was a worthy man, and 
what he hath -done in ecclesiastical affiurs is extrar 
ordinary. Yet he was &r from being that great 
man some have extolled him for. He had no classi- 
cal learning. His judgement was not great; his 
stile was poor. He received orders as of the church 
of England, of Dr. Wm. Lloyd, bp. of Worcester, 
but he did not then receive the sacrament, nor did 
the bp. offer it him. Indeed Dr. Grabe (who was 
intirely for consubstantiation) never communicated 
with us. When he was of Edm: hall and of Christ 
Church, he would frequent the chapell prayers, as 
he would constantly go to the publick churches, 
but then he would never receive the sacrament at 
any of those times, but he used to go to London, 
and for some time he received at the hands of Mr. 
Edward Stevens, after the manner of the Greek 
church, and after Stevens' death, I have been told, 
from some Lutheran ; but how he received at his 
death, I have not learned, tho' some have said he 
received from Dr. Hickes. In short, I could never 
understand otherwise, but that Dr. Grabe was very 



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624 RELIQUI/E 1726-7. 

unsettled, and was for setting up a religion of his 
own framing. In some things he was a Lutheran, 
in others for the church of England, in others a 
papist ; I mean he was for some of the errours of the 
church of Rome, though at the same time I have 
heard him at a public coffee house bitterly rail (for 
which he was checked) against the pope, calling him 
antichrist &c. He was in many things very credu- 
lous and very superstitious, and for some time 
(though he changed his mind afterwards) he used to 
keep saints* days as strictly as Sundays, and was 
unwilling to work himself or to let others work for 
him on those days. He had strange fancies about 
spirits, and when he heard of a fire, (as there was 
one at Edm. hall while he was there,) he would 
presently cry out that there were spirits. His way 
of writing was to have a bottle of ale, brandy, or 
wine stand by him, and every three or four lines of 
his writing he would drink thereof. He was a man 
that mightily delighted in women's company, and he 
was very sweet upon them, in so much that at last 
he mightily desired a wife, and he had made hb 
addresses to a daughter of sir Sebastian Smith's of 
Oxford, but she was married to Dr. Gardiner of All 
Souls' instead of Dr. Grabe, who had then other 
young women in his view. Dr. Grabe died (as I 
have noted elsewhere) in a dubious condition, and 
cowardly, if what Mr. Samuel Gale told me be true. 
The earl of Oxford sent him money upon his death- 
bed. What he did for him before, I know not ; it 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. * 625 

hath been said, very little. The erecting a monu- 
ment is popular, befitting such as make court to the 
house of Hanover. I have heard Dr. Grabe say, 
that he preached and read lectures, though not in 
orders, for about eleven years before he came to 
England. When he was here I very much assisted 
him in things relating to MSS., and transcribed 
from old MSS. a vast number of sheets for him, 
some of which he printed, and some are now among 
his MS. papers in the Bodleian library. At the 
same time I was also a great assistant to Dr. Milt, 
Dr. Hudson, &c. When Dr. Grabe came first to 
Oxford; he had not much Greek, but at length, by 
Dr. Mill's help, he became well versed in such Greek 
as is used in ecclesiastical writings. So I have 
often heard Dr. Mill say. He was withal a man of 
so much vanity as mightily to court and desire 
applause, and would talk of obelisks and asterisks, 
and of his own undertakings before all persons, even 
such as were perfectly ignorant and illiterate, on 
purpose that he might be commended by them. He 
always wore a wig while he was with us, at least as 
long as I knew any thing ^of him, which I note, 
because Mr. West hath observed, that he is in the 
statue represented in his own hair. He was a man 
of a mean presence, and by no means personable. 
His eyes were so fixed as if he looked two ways at 
once. Yet he would fain be thought an handsome 
man. These are many of the severe remarks that 
used to be made upon Dr. Grabe, and among the 

S 8 



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626 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

rest even by his friend Dr. John MiH, to whom 
(what I should have observed before) he wrote a 
letter that is printed in 4to about the Septuagint. 
Notwithstanding all which, Dr. Grabe was certainly 
a good, pious man, and what he did with respect to 
ecclesiastical learning is prodigious. 

Jan. 4. Last Friday was a tryal (that lasted several 
hours) at St. Mary's in Oxford about presenting to 
Cherlebury in Oxfordshire, vacant by the death of 
Dr. Braboum. Upon which vacancy St. John's col- 
lege put in their claim, though they had never pre- 
sented before, it belonging (it seems) to them after 
such a number of years had been expired, which 
happened now to be the case. Dr. Heywood of 
St. John's college was presented by the college soon 
after Dr. Braboum's death. But a caveat was put in 
against his institution by one Saunders of Glouces- 
tershire, who pretended to the right of presentation 
because they had had it before, and Braboum's wife 
was a Saunders, and would fain have had it in behalf 
of her son, young Brabourn. On Friday morning 
the said Turner presented one Allen in opposition 
to St John's college. Both the bp. of Oxford and 
his archdeacon, as well as Dr. Irish, judge of the 
court, sate. There was a great auditory. Council 
from London for both sides came down, viz. Dr. 
Wills for St. John's college, and Serjeant Hawkins 
for Turner. Many gave out that 'twould certainly 
go for Turner in behalf of Braboum. But the 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 627 

matter appeared too plain for the college, and the 
jury brought it in for St. John's college, to the con- 
taidon of Braboum and all that were for him. 

Jan. 5. Memorand. that formerly the Theater 
printers at Oxford kept no other holydays at Christ- 
mas bat the three days immediately following Christ- 
mas day, and the Circumcision, commonly called 
New Year's day. The other days, excepting Christ- 
mas day itself, they used to work, not so much as 
keeping Epiphany, or Twelfth day, holyday, only at 
night they did hot use candles, a thing of note, 
because the custom hath of late been altered, so as 
little work is done during the 12 days. 

Jan. 7. The parsonage of Blechingdon near Wood- 
stock was given to Queen's coll. in Oxford at the 
request of the founder, Robt. Eglefield, by ' king 
Edw. III. 9 Jul. anno regni 17, A.D. 1843, and the 
year following STth Jtfarch (m. A.D. 1844) he gave 
the said college the wardenship of the Hospital of 
St. Julian at Southampton, commonly called God's 
house. This hospital was almost destroyed by fire 
by the rebels temp. Car. I. Robt. Eglefield himself 
was warden of that hospital. 

Wm. Muskham, rector of the church of Dereham 
in Cumberland, built Queen's coll. gate next Edm. 
hall, and certain chambers on the north side of the 
said gate temp. Edw. III. before the year 1352 : 

s s 2 



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628 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

the said gate is still standing, as also the chamber 
over it, built likewise by Muskham^ which chamber 
was the very chamber in which prince Henry (after- 
wards Henry V) lived when he was a member of 
that college. John Ross in his history of England, 
that I printed, hath noted this. And there is a note 
about it in one of the windows of the chamber. My 
late friend, Charles Eyston of East Hendred in 
Berks, esq., not long before he died, being in Oxford 
with one or two other honest, worthy gentlemen, 
and understanding irom me that that viras king 
Henry Vth's chamber, had a mighty desire of see- 
ing the inside, which accordingly I obtained, and 
Mr. Eyston earnestly desired of the gentleman then 
residing in it, that he would use his interest that 
this chamber might not be pulled down with the 
rest, now at this time of erecting new buildings in 
the college. But what will be done I know not, 
though I fear the worst ; especially since they have 
pulled down the old refectory which was on the 
west side of the old quadrangle, and was a fine old 
structure that I used to admire much, and should 
have admired it the more had I seen the old senig- 
matical inscriptions, and the arms of the several 
benefactors of the college, with which it was once 
adorned. But these were destroyed long before the 
refectory which was lately pulled down, and the 
name of Muskham (who gave 160 marks for build- 
ing it) quite forgot, as is also that of one John 



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t 

1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 629 

Wharton, who gave 4 pounds to the refectory, in 
order to repair and adorn it, in the time of king 
Henry Vllth. 

Jan. 9* The abbat of Abington used to keep court 
in an house on Grand pont bridge in St. Aldate's 
parish, Oxford. St. Aldate was bishop of Gloucester, 
and cut Hengist king of the Saxons in pieces. 
Grandpont bridge consists of above forty stone arches. 
Brian Twyne looks upon Friar Bacon's study on 
Grandpont bridge as a fiction. Without doubt he 
had an observatory in that place. The lower part is 
very old, though the upper part be new. It is now 
the waterworks. I have spoke of this study in my 
glossary to Peter Langtoft. East Bridge street in 
St. Clement's parish, by Oxford. Magdalen bridge, 
Oxon. was built by Wm. Waynfleet, founder of 
Magd. Coll., yet there was an older bridge according 
to Twyne, who tells us from the book of the hospital 
of St. John Baptist, that king Henry HI. founded 
the said hospital, not far from the bridge. He con- 
firms it from Fhrilegus. But Leland tells us of a 
ferry only then. If there was a bridge, 'twas only 
a foot-bridge, as indeed there is a tradition that for- 
merly there was only a foot-bridge there. 

Jan. 10. Yesterday morning died old Mr. Michael 
Burghers, of St Peter's parish in the East, Oxford. 
He was bom at Amsterdam in Holland, and being 
an engraver, when young he came into England, and 

s s 3 



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t 

630 RELIQUIAE 1726-^7- 

after some time settling in Oxford, he worked as a 
joumeTman to Mr. David Loggan the uniyersity en- 
graver. Upon Loggan's death Burghers himself was 
made the university engraver. He was looked upon 
as the beiBt general engraver in England, and had 
always till very lately, within these two or three 
years, a vast deal of business, so that being withal a 
very industrious man, he got a vast deal of money, 
and purchased a pretty estate in Oxford. His wifb 
hath been dead several years. His only daughter 
(and I think only child now living) is the wife of one 
Welman a barber in St. Peter^s parish. The old 
man was so foolidi as to make all he had over to 
them some time ago, whereupon they wanted to be 
rid of him, and for some time they kept him a 
prisoner in his own house ; for he and they lived all 
together in a house of his by East gate ; and gave 
out one while that he was gone to Holland, and an- 
other that he was at Hackboume in Berks, where 
his son in law Welman hath some estate, and all this 
that he might not come out to pay his debts. For 
they having got all, the old man was reduced so as 
to borrow money, and run in debt other ways. It is 
true, the old man was, in many respects, a great 
villain, and a very debauched person. Yet for all 
that, they should have taken all possible care of him, 
and not have starved him as they did. Had he had 
the comforts of life, he might have held out (as all 
think) ten or a dozen years longer, and yet was 
about fourscore when he died. He was a very strong 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE, 631 

man, and had a Yast stomack. He was struck with 
a palsj a few days before he died, which if it had 
been known to physicians and apothecaries in good 
time, they might (as I am well assured) in all pro- 
bability have recovered him so as he might have 
held out a good while longer, but, it seems, they 
thought their father had lived too long already. 

Jan. 14. In an old imperfect Psalter in English 
which I have in 4to, used in the 3nd year of Queen 
Elizabeth's reign, is this written at the beginning : 

^ Popery was not quite downe, till the third yeare 
of Qu. Eliff. This Psalter was the Liturgy used in 
the second yeare of her reigne.'' 

'' The papists irequented the churches untill her 
seventh yeare." 

Jan. 34. The famous Dr. Pocock assisted Mr. Set- 
den very much, as 8elden himself is pleased to ac- 
knowledge in several places, particularly in his edi- 
tion of Eutychius' Origines JEcclesue AlexandrimB^ 
which Origines is only a small inconsiderable frag- 
ment of Entychius' Annates that Pocock himself 
afterwards published in Arabic and Latin. Indeed 
Selden, notwithstanding his great pretences, had but 
little skill in Arabic, and he made use of others* 
help in that, as in many other things. His design 
of printing these Annals was purely out of his hatred 
to episcopacy. His Conmientary upon them, which 
is large, is a meer rhapsody, learned indeed and fiill 

s s 4 



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632 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

of reading, but generally like his other performances 
injudicious. His efforts against episcopacy are but 
weak, and vet he did what he was able. 

Jan. 25. On the 5th July 1724, Dr. Bawlinson 
writ me a letter from Rome, at which time my 
friend the Hon**'* Benedict Leonard Calvert esq. 
was there also, to whom the Dr., as Mr. Calvert 
hath since told me, was antiquary at Rome. The 
Dr. speaks of that great variety of agreeable objects 
which daily, not to say hourly, are the entertain- 
ments at that place of the curious. Books indeed 
describe, and travellers talk, but Horace's rule, he 
observes, is exactly true, that 

*^ Segnius irritant animos demissa per aures, 
" Quam quie sunt oculis subjecta fidelibus.^ 

The Dr. roved, as himself says, out of the common 
road of travellers. He made excursions into Sicily, 
where every spot of ground, every rock or wave of 
the sea, recalled to his mind either Homer, Virgil, 
Claudian &c. If I admire, says he, the grandeur of 
old Rome in its great remains, I pity the fieite of 
more antient and more spacious Syracuse, whose 
ruins and vast circumference strike with terrour, 
and in viewing Rome I only review Sicily plundered 
of her treasures by Marcellus, who by the spoils 
carryed thence enriched and adorned this capital. 
With what astonishment do we behold the subter- 
raneous grottos and catacombs of Rome ? No less, 
continues the Doctor, am I amazed in curiously 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 633 

prying into those of the Syraeusan tyrant, where he 
spent a life in the greatest profuseness and luxury, 
but alass ! this city, this wonder of the world, has 
suffered more from violence than time. The fr^ 
quent earthquakes and convulsions of nature may 
be added as a melancholy circumstance. In those 
countries the works of nature are equal, if not su- 
perior, to those of art. Mount ^tna is to be seen, 
not described. Heights almost inaccessible, preci- 
pices horrible, and streams of fire which strike ter- 
rour into the hardest. The condition the Dr. saw 
it, when thereon, gave reason to fear to forty miles 
around. Of the ravage and destruction which attend 
those dreadfull eruptions the antient and modem 
story is full. AU the country around abounds with 
fabulous history^ the rape of Proserpine, the planting 
of com by Ceres &C are too trite but barely to 
mention. Old Homer's Cyclops seem still to sweat 
at their forges, and the Cyclopum scopuli near Ca- 
tania .remind the famed escape of Ulysses. The 
doctor goes still on, and speaks of bis brother s going 
into Arabia, of the pleasures in travell, and of the 
satisfaction himself enjoyed on that score. This, 
says he, and much more was not able to satisfy the 
appetite of my more curious brother, who now per- 
haps traverses the burning sands of Arabia, or rather 
visits some sacred rain recorded in holy writ. It is 
his good fortune to see some at least of those seven 
golden candlesticks whose lights once shone so bright 
as to dazzle and confound errour and paganism. 



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634 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

Confitantinople, the seat of the Eastern empire, he 
has viewed doubtless with pleasure, though quantum 
mutatus ab iUa as in the time of CSonstantine. I 
cannot but own, I innocently envy him the pleasure 
one must naturally receive from a visit to parts of the 
world, from what we see here so widdy different, 
and with much impatience I wait his return here 
for the holy year, to gratify my curiosity with the 
bare repetition. The itch of curiosity none know 
but those who feel it, and none feel it more terri«- 
bly than the traveller: at first setting out, foreign 
countries are only a change of air, but when a little 
language is attained, and some knowledge of the 
customs &c. of the nations we converse with, the 
terrible notion of absence gradually wears off, and 
we only admire the folly of our former way of think- 
ing: Omne solum farti pyuria est may be spplyed 
to the contented and easy, as well as the heroes, 
and the notion of banishment only is a sting to us : 
this consideration will sweeten, and a due reflexion 
will render not only easy, but delightftil, even sudi 
a state of life to those whose unhappy circumstances 
oblige it. As to myself, continues he, a voluntary 
absence is highly agreeable, a few books, and fewer 
friends occupy all my hours : somethnes I retire to 
softie shady ruin, and frame ideas of its anti^t 
grandeur, or with father Kircher build an imaginary 
palace in the air ; other times read a page in an old 
author, and force a stone or two, the slender remains 
of what he enlarges on, to speak perhaps even more 



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l7i»-7. HEARNIANiB. 6^5 

than ever he designed, or so much as dreamt of. Dr. 
RawlinsoD tells me that my observations at the end 
of John of Glastonbury on Mr. Moyle's works have 
raised, he hears, a nest of hometts, or rather vt^aspes 
against me ; such are the antagonists of our * * * « 
and the patrons of Moyle, from whom, the Dr. says, 
I may expect severity, though probably no shadow 
of arguments ; the poyson such sort of creatures 
spit. Mr. Segeant of the tower published two vols, 
of Moyle's works, as he is informed, (and indeed I 
had been told so before by Dr. Woodward, Mr. Ser^ 
jeant's name being also subjoyned to the preface,) 
though contrary to the knowledge say some, others 
against the consent of Moyle's son, now on his 
travels. Arthur Hammond (known formerly for 
his noisy tory eloquence, since a Proteus, since a 
beggar, said to have attempted the life of the che^ 
valier on his Scotch embarcadon, at present a {uri- 
soner for debt in the King's Bench, and prostitutor 
of his pen for bread) has added a third of Mr. 
Moyle's works by himself formerly reprinted. The 
Dr. at the same time takes notice, that they see 
there lately published the Memoirs of John K^t 
esq., an honest Scott, or, in Burnett's phrase, a true 
Scott, in which he severely lashes a German ministiy 
which he with great asmirance affirms us governed 
by, and that all our offices are sold &c., and many 
more reflections, which, the Dr. says, he dares not 
stain his paper vnth, as he knows not what terms 
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636 RELIQUIAE 1726-7. 

author, says the Doctor, is dead, the truth of the 
MS. 18 sworn to as ]eft by him, aud such a warrant, 
prefixed to the first part, of leave to keep company 
with the late queen's enemies on purpose to betray 
them, such an instance hardly to be produced in 
history. 

Feb. S. I hear that complaint being made to the 
Vice-Chancellour Dr. Mather by some, particularly 
by one Mr. Ayscue of the Vice-Chancellour s own 
college (Corpus Christi), of some passages in Mr. 
Coningsby's 30th of Jan. sermon, there was a meet- 
ing on that occasion on Wednesday last, of the Vice- 
Chancellour and some other heads of houses and 
doctors, some of which I hear were Dr. Shippen, 
principal of Brazenose coll.. Dr. Dobson president of 
Trin. coll., Dr. Butler president of Magd. coll.. Dr. 
Holland warden of Merton coll.. Dr. Gibson provost 
of Queen's coll.. Dr. Felton principal of Edm. hall. 
Dr. Terry canon of Christ Church; and that Mr. 
Coningsby being called, he appeared, but his notes 
being demanded, he pretended he had lost them, 
upon which he was ordered to preach no more before 
the university for two years. What the passages of 
offence were I hear no further than that he should, 
in commending king Charles I., say that he was a 
prince that was not an alien by birth, and that he 
preferred to dignities in the church men of true 
worth and learning. Also that he said, all rebellion 
was unlawfull. From such expressions K. George 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiB. 687 

(as he is stiled) was looked upon as reflected upon 
for preferring such as he does, and the revolution to 
be branded. I am told Mr. Coningsby's sermon was 
well delivered, that 'twas a good honest discourse, 
and that all were very attentive (that heard it) with- 
out the least smile, as often happens when any sting- 
ing passage comes from a sermon. 

Yesterday in the afternoon Mr.Prujean of St. Cle- 
ment's parish near Oxford, an honest sensible Roman 
catholick, telling me that the day before, viz. Shrove 
Tuesday, the workmen,as they were digging for gravell 
on the north side of Holywell church, in the garden 
between the holy well and the church, they had found 
several human bones, I went down thither upon 
that occasion vrith him. When we came they had 
filled up part of one of the holes, and so covered a 
good number of the bones, viz. the skull and some 
others, but I saw the two shank bones of a man in 
the gravell, which they covered with it again, and I 
am of opinion (and I think there can be no doubt 
made of it, what I have also formerly mentioned) 
that the north wing of the church hath been down 
many years, which when standing it made the church 
(which is dedicated to the holy cross) to be in form 
(as without doubt it formerly was) of a cross, and I 
believe that the said wing might come as far as this 
skeleton now discovered, tho* part of the churchyard 
was also on this north side. For westward under 
the tower in the same garden, as the workmen dug 
at the same time another hole for a necessary house 



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688 RELIQUIiK 1726-7. 

or house of ease, they found other human bones in 
the grayel, seyeral of which (one being a piece of a 
skull) I saw yesterday, and, two or three of the 
workmen being there, I could not but exclaim 
against this act of building an house of ease upon 
sacred ground, and declare my resentm^it that part 
of the churchyard should be turned into a cabbage 
garden, that being the use to which the whole gar- 
den is at present imployed, as part of other church- 
yards lying to the north side of the respective 
churches are also turned into cabbage gardens, par- 
ticularly part of the churchyard of St. Peter's in the 
East, Oxford. I wish we could learn how fiar the 
churchyard of Holywell extended northward, and 
that care were taken to make some separation from 
the rest of the ground, that hereafter what belonged 
to the church and churchyard might not be turned 
to a prophane use. But I fear my wish is in vain : 
how long since the bodies were buried, to which the 
bones now discovered belonged, I cannot learn, but 
it could not be before Henry Vlth's time, because 
till his time the inhabitants both of Holywell and 
Wolvercote used to burie their dead at St. Peter's 
in the East, to which Holywell and Wolvercote are 
chapells of ease. I well remember the burying of 
two, viz. old Rich. Heathfield a shoemaker and his 
wife, who both died within half an hour of one an* 
other, in that part of the churchyard, that is on the 
north side of St. Peter's church, according to thdr 
own desire, though there be now no sign of their 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 639 

gmve. No fragments of any coffin nor no stone 
coffin appearing ^here the bones at HolTwell were 
found; I am of opinion, that the bodies were buried 
in winding sheets only, a practice much in use for- 
merly, eyen in queen Elizabeth's time. 

Feh. 20. About ten days since I met with and 
purchased for 9d. (thotigh for its rarity and curiosity 
it be worth a crown) a little printed thing in English 
verse with a dedication in prose before it, intituled 
In honour (if Abingdon, or on the seaventh day qf 
September's solemnkatum 1641. By John Richard- 
son Serjeant of Abingdon in the county of Berks. 
Printed in the yeare 1641, 4to. It is dedicated to 
the worshipful the major, baylifis, and burgesses of 
Abingdon. The king and parbament had published 
and decreed, that on the said 7th of Sept. 1641, 
every parish should keep a festival (religiously to be 
performed) in honour of the great peacemaker, upon 
account of an accommodation with the Scots. Ga- 
lena is here made to be Oxford. K. Cissa is made 
to be founder of the abbey. Many of the ruined 
battlements of the abbey then (1641) to be seen. 
The crosse then standing, which is here called un^ 
parraUeled and harmless, but threatned to be de- 
stroyed. St. Helen's bells (what I never heard 
before) are called Aaron's bells. Christ's hospitall 
near the churchyard wall. Where were also Royse's 
fruitfull nurseries, out of which the earle of Pem- 
broke's gardens were supplied. There is now no 



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640 RELIQUIiB 172^7. 

nursery, nor any tradition of one. The said 7th day 
was a Tuesday. The festival was proclaimed, be- 
cause a joyfuU peace was concluded betwixt the 
Scots and us. St. Nicholas' bells called honest 
Nick's low bells. The hundred and sixth Ps. sung 
by two thousand quoristers at the crosse. The 
figure of K. David upon the crosse, though after- 
wards destroyed by hairbrained separatists, an epi- 
thet made for that crew by the author. Mention of 
the skilfuU Serjeant Corderoy. Mention of the well- 
known antelope in Abingdon. A great deal of 
money collected that day for the poor. The author 
a cavalier. 

Feb. 21. Mr. Baker sends me in a letter the title 
of the first edit, of Fox's Martyrs, as he took it from 
a i^erfect copy, viz.: 

*^ Actes and monuments of these latter and peril- 
'' ous days touching matters of the churche, wherein 
"are comprehended and described the great per- 
^^ secuting and horrible troubles that have bene 
" wrought and practised by the Romishe prelates, 
'' speciallye in this realme of England and Scotland 
** from the yeare of our Lorde a thousande, unto the 
" time now present &c., gathered and collected ac- 
" cordinge to the true copies and vnytinges oertifi- 
*' catorie, as well of the parties themselves that suf- 
^ fered, as also out of the bishops' registers, which 
** were the doers thereof; By John Fox. Imprinted 
** at London by John Day, dwelling over Aldersgate 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 641 

'' boDeth St. Martins', Anno 1568, the 20. of March. 
'' Cum gratia et privilegio Begise Majestatis." 

Mr. Baker never saw more than one perfect copy 
of this book, and that among the late bishop of Ely's 
(Dr. More's) books, now oat of its place, for he can- 
not find it, as before p. 

Peh. 28. John Ward of Hackney, esq., having on 
the 11th instant received his sentence, at the King's 
Bench bar, Westminster, to pay a fine of 500/., to 
stand an hoar in the pillory, and to give secarity for 
his good behavioar for seven years, accordingly he 
stood in the pillory on Friday the 17th before West- 
minster Hall gate, pursuant to his sentence. It seems 
it was for forgery ; being prosecuted by the duchess 
of Buckingham, he having added to some writing a 
cipher too much. A vast concourse of people was 
assembled on this occasion, and a soldier was sent to 
the house of correction for throwing an egg at him. 
At his being taken down he fitinted, being extremely 
weak. I have been told he had been before expelled 
the Parliament house. 

Peh. 26. The following extracts from a register at 
Abingdon were sent me by Mr. James West of Bal- 
liol coll. on Feb. 17, 1726. He being then at Lon- 
don. Who made them I know not, but the^ wdre 
taken anno 1688. 

» Tbe copy* giTen by the anthor, at Migdalcai GoUege haa been already no- 
ticed at p. 556. There is a copy among arcfabiahop Wake's books at Christ 
Church, and others will be found in Donee's collection in the Bodleian. 

Tt 



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642 RELIQUIAE 1726-7. 

Abingdon com. Berkee. 

Taken out of a kind of legger booke remajning in 
the New Hospitall of Christ in Abingdon upon the 
xiiiith day of Sept. 16S8, which booke was written by 
one Fr^Lncia Little, sometymes maior there, the 20tix 
of September, Anno Domini 1627. 

The monastery of the Blessed Virgin St. Mary of 
Abingdon was buylt by Gissa, king of the West 
Saxons about the yeare of our Lord Christ 600. 
It was destroyed by the Danes Ingor and Hubba 
about the yeare 871. It was reedified by Edred the 
xxviith king of the West Saxons about the yeare 
926. [F.956 vel potius 955.] 

It was dissolved by king Henry the Eight in the 
yeare 15S8 in the xxixth yeare of his raigne. The 
revenewes thereof were yearely 2042/. ii#. 8rf. 4. 

In the 12th yeare of Bychard the second, ;the 
brotherhood of the Holy Crosse in St. Helen's was 
at Abingdon. It is supposed the inhabitantes of 
Abingdon founded it very andently. It was first a 
fratemitye and an hospitall of the Holy Crosse,, then 
after the suppression it was made the hospitall of 
Christ. 

Borford and Culham bridges were remade over 
Teames by licence of king Henry the fift in the 
fourth yeare of his raigne, Ano. 1416. 

John Huchion and John Banbury compounded 
with the abbot of Abingdon for the ground whereon 
to buyld the bridges and to make the waye. Upon 
St. Alban's daye John Huchion layed the first stone 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 64:1 

in the king Henry the fifte's name, witnes the west 
windowe in St. Katharines Isle in St. Helen's ehorch. 
King Henry the fift was founder of the bridges. 

Jef&ey Barbour, a marchant of Bristoll, was a 
benefiictor to the buylding of the bridges. This 
Jeffirey Barbour was buried on the xxist day of Aprill, 
1417, in the monastery of the blessed Virgin Mary 
of Abingdon. 

At the dissoluticm of the abbey the brethren of 
the Holy Crosse peroeaving that amongst the rest of 
those strong and statlye buyldinges the fkyre and 
goodly church of the sayd monastery should* be 
tfirowen down, and the monuments therein utterly 
defaced, they therefore, out of a thankful and 
Xtian respect to the memory of this bountifuU bene- 
ftotorto the buylding of the bridges, removed the 
monument of stone under which his body had layne 
buried 181 yeares, and translated his bones with 
great solemnitye unto St. Helen's church, and there 
interred them in St. Katharynes ile with the former 
monument over them which remayneth to this daye 
with this inscription. ** Hie Jacet Galfiidus Barbour 
^ mercator de' Abendon quondam Balivus Bristolise 
^ qui obiit vicesimo prime die Aprilis An^. Dn^ 1417, 
^ cujus anime propitietur Deus." 

Sir Peter Bedls of Besils leigh com. Berk, knight, 
a principal benefactor to the buylding of the bridges, 
by his will dated the xxiiird of October, 1424. 8rd 
Henry vith. gave landes to the maintenance of the 
sayd bridges. He gave his executors 600£. to make 

T t 2 



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644" RELIQUIAE 1726-7. 

restitution for any wrong that he or his ancestors 
had done to any man, and if nothing was required, 
then that mony to be given to the poore and to re- 
payre high wayes ; he appoynted his body to be 
buried in the church of the preching friars in Ox- 
ford, unto which church he gave ]20£. to make six 
windowes in the north ile. 

Sir John Golafre was a principall benefactor to 
the fraternitye of the Holy Crosse, for xiii. Henry 
vitb. 1434, he gave his manor of St. Helen's and 
divers other lands com. Berks, for the relief of the 
poore and other workes of mercye. 

Henry the sixt, 20th of October, in the 20th yeare 
of his raygne 1441, by his letters patentes appoynted 
the sayd John Golafre amongst others, to be one of 
the founders for making the fraternity a corporation. 
This John Golafre builded at his owne charges the 
new bridge in Oxfordshire; his fame grew princi- 
pally by martiall deedes, but spread and settled it- 
self by good workes, and not long before his death 
was knighted. He was owner of seventene manors 
in Oxford and Berkes. He lyeth buried in FyfeiW 
church, com. Berkes, in a monument of stone as a 
warelik knight, he had issue one only daughter and 
heyre maried to John de la Pole, erle of Lyncolne, 
Sonne to John de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, and 
Elizabeth, sister to Edward the fourth and Rychard 
the third, who proclaymed the sayd erle bis nephew 
heyre apparent to the crowne of England after the 
death of his owne sonne. It is very probable that 



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1726^7. HEARNIANifi. 645 

in the tyme of Henry vi. the fraternitye of the Holy 
Crosse built the crosse now standing in the market 
place as a monument of theyre name, and for an or- 
nament of the tovme. And it is the more likely, for 
that at the late repayring thereof the coate of armes 
belonginge to sir John Golafre, knight, who lived 
about those tymes, was found in a scutchion upon 
the sayd crosse, and no doubt at the buylding there- 
of was a speciall benefactor thereunto, and had his 
armes placed there to honor his name, and to re- 
tayne his memory for his bounty and liberalitye. 
Besides he was one of the commissioners which 
were appoynted by Henry vi. his letters patentes to 
found and make the sayd fraternitye a corporation 
as before declared, which crosse or monument was 
repayred, gilt and garnished, an, 1605, (8rd Jacob!) in 
the tyme of Thomas Mayot, gent., maior of the 
towne, by the beneTolence of the knightes, esqres and 
gentlemen of Berkes and other countyes (whose 
eoates of armes are set up in echuchions upon the sayd 
QLonument) together with some contribution of the 
inhabitantes of the townes and other country villages 
adjoyning, by the paynes of the relator, vht. Francis 
Little, with the expence of more than thirty poundes 
of his owne mony, about the cost and charge 
thereof. 

The fraternitye of the Holy Crosse jn Abingdon 
in Henry vi. tyme, being there where now the hos- 
pitall is, did every yeare keepe a feast, and then they 
used to have twelve preistes to singe a dirige, for 

T tS 



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646 RELIQUIiB 1726-7. 

whioh they had geYea them four pence a peece. 
They had also twelve minBtrells, some from Coven^ 
trye and some from Maydenhith, who had two shil- 
Hnges three pence a peece besides theyre dyet and 
horse meat ; this was in the raigne of Henry vi. 
Observe that in those dayes they payd theyre min- 
strolls better then theyre preistes. 

Theyre feast they kept yearely on the Invention^ 
the Holy Crosse, vi%t. the third of Maye. They had 
at theyre feast six caWes iis. iid. a peace ; sixteen 
lambes xiid. a peace ; 80 geese 2d. 6b. a peece ; 800 
egges which cost five pence the hundred, and many 
manowe bones, much frnit, spice, a great quan- 
tity of mylk, creame and floure (wheat was then at 
xiicf the quarter in the 28rd of H^iry vi.) besides 
what theyre servantes and others brought in, and 
pageantes and playes and May games to captivat the 
sences of the zelous beholders, and to allure the 
people to the greater liberalitye^ for they did not 
make theyre feastes without profit, for those that 
sate at dyner payed one rate and those that stood 
payed another. 

Sir John Mason, knight, whose father was a cow- 
herd of AlHDgdon, and his mother sister to a monke 
of Abingdon abbey, which monke brought him up a 
scholler, provided him a place in Oxford in All 
Soides, whece he was fellowe, procured the erection 
of the hospitall and the iucorporation of the towne 
as at large is set downe, with his risinges and the 
great advancementes he bad under king Henry yiii. 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE.^ 647 

and other the kings and queens succeeding. He 
was chancellor of Oxford, embassador twice or thrice^ 
imprisoned once upon suspition of treason, sett free 
by Henry the eighty and in great faTour, and a privy 
counsellor ; excellently well learned, much liked of 
by sir Thos. More, who entreated king Henry viii. 
to place him at Paris in the university there out of 
hope he had he would prove a great commonwealth's 
man, and so he did. He was master of the hospitall 
twelve yeares eleven moneths and three dayes, he 
lived sixty-three yeares, sawe five princes reigning in 
this realme, vh. Henry vii., Henry viii., Edw. vi., 
Mary and Elizabeth. He died the xxth day of 
April, 1566, 8th of Elisabeth, and lieth buried in 
the north chancel! of St. Ptoles in London. 

Jeffrey Barbour and sir John Mason, two especiall 
benefactors,, died both upon the same day of the 
moneth, 149 yeares asunder. 

Barbour gave money to buyld the bridges, and 
Mason procured meanes to maynteyne them. 

Upon Mason's tombe are engraven certeyne verses 
in Latin which this relator hath caused to be Eng- 
lished thus : 

If ere a wise and feythful statesman were. 
If any to his countrymen were deare. 
If ere were fit ambassador elected, 
Who truth and goodnes for themselves respected. 
Mason was he. All England can this prove, 
By the nobles' favour, and the comons' love. 
Tt 4 



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648 RELIQUIiE 1726-7- 

Five several princes in his time did live, 
To some of which good coonsell he did give : 
Threescore and three he lived : his ashes rest 
Here in this earth ; his soule in heaven blest. 
An«. 1566. 



His wif for Mason did this tombe ordayne, 
Where after death she shall be joyned agayne : 
A son and nephew did these verses make 
For both his father and his uncle's sake. 

March 1. Dr. William Nicholson having been 
lately made archbp. of Cashel, died a few days after- 
wards as he sate in his chair in his study. He was 
a bold, confident man, and his historical libraries are 
full of gross mistakes, which however he cared not 
to acknowledge. He was of a large size as to his 
person. Dr. Hickes complimented him much for 
his skill in the Runic language. 

March 8. On Tuesday last called upon me Mr. 
Wilson 4, bach, of arts of Christ Church, son of Dr. 

4 See p. 504. Thifl Mr. Wibon, after he had graduated as a D. D. at Christ 
Church, removed to St. Hary hall, where is a good whole length portrait of him. 
He was an eccentric, hut very benerolent man, a ftmoas politician^ the friend 
of Wilkes, and a great admirer of Mrs. Macanley. See an aocoont of him in 
Nichols's Litenu^ Jneodoies. I beHere he ended his days at Bath, when 
his yalnable library, whidi abounded in curious books, was afterwards dis- 
persed. There is a very pleasing anecdote of him on record. Hearing of » 
clergyman in distress, he gave some friend a sum of money for his relief. 
"Thank yon* Dr. Wilson, for your liberality; I will go the first thing in the 
morning, and this will indeed be a consolatory message to poor ** 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 649 

Wilson bp. of Man. He is lately come from that 
island, where he hath been detained a good while, 
(almost two years,) which hindered him (he having 
been like to have been drovmed) from coming to 
Oxford to determine last year, for which reason he 
determines this Lent He told me of a new sort of 
money, (silyer and brass,) coyned lately for that 
island. It seems before they had only brass, of 
which there was only three hundred pound worth 
coyned, which makes it scarce. He told me that his 
father is about publishing the N. T. in Manks and 
English, a thing neyer done before. He told me 
his father sent bp. Gibson a compleat tract of the 
Isle of Man written by himself, but that 'tis strangely 
mangled by Gibson in his late second ed. of Cam- 
den's Brit. I wish the bp. of Man would give it 
separately. 

March 3. The Friers of Brethren of the Holy 
Trinity, for the redemption of Captives. This order 
had its beginning A^ 1198 under the pontificate 
of pope Innocent III., St. John de Marta and St. 
Felix de Valois being the founders. They seem to 
have been first brought into England by Robert 
Rokesley, who built them a monastery at Motinden 
in Kent A.D. 1224. Edm. Plantagenist or Plan- 
tagenet, (son of Richard king of Almain &c.,) earl of 

*• In the morning, my dear V* aaid Dr. Wilion; "think how many 

hours of painful suffering his mind may endure through the night, if you 
delay your Tisit ; no, my kind friend, go this very eyening ; go at onoe !'* 



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650 RELIQUIJE 1726-7. 

Gomwall, was a great patron of the religious, par- 
ticularly of the Trinitarian friers, who came to and 
settled at Oxford A.D. 1291, 19 Edw. I., being 
mightily encouraged thereto by the said earl of 
Cornwall, who obtained for them at Oxford certain 
tenements of the brethren of St« John Baptist's hos- 
pital, on condition that they gave yearly one pound 
of incense. These tenements stood between East 
gate and St. Frideswide's gate, on the way that leads 
into Merton coll. fields, which way is now called 
Trinity lane, though more commonly Rose lane, 
from one Rose dwelling there formerly. Earl Ed- 
mund's charter bears date at Beckley, on St. John 
Baptist's day, An«. 21 Edw. I. A. D, 1298. He 
founded this place (dedicated to St. Mary) for them 
to pray for his soul, the souls of his father Richard, 
and his mother Schenchia, and for the health of the 
soul of king Edw. &c. William de Hamine was at 
that time provincial of the order. Earl Edmund or- 
dained that the provincial and his brethren should 
find five chaplains for ever. Soon after this the inn 
and chapell being quite built, king Edw. I., at the 
request of Edmund, confirmed the grant to the fore- 
said brethren and their successors for ever. About 
the same time, the warden and fellows of Merton 
coll., and the vicar of St. Peter's parish in the East, 
(in which parish the inn and chappell stood,) gave 
them liberty of having an oratory, a chantry and a 
cemetery, to bury the bodies of the fraternity in, 
which was confirmed by the bp. of Lincoln. After 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 6'51 

this, being desirous to enlarge their bounds, they 
obtained of the mayor and townsmen of Oxford a 
small piece of ground, with the houses upon it, upon 
this condition, that they should pay yearly IS^- 4^. 
to them. But this rent being not paid for some 
years, A.D. 1814, 8 of king Edw. XL, an agree- 
ment was made, that if it were afterwards neglectied, 
the mayor and townsmen might have power to seize 
their tenements. 

It must^ow be known, that within East gate on 
the north side, was a very old chappel dedicated to 
the Holy Trinity, which the friers very much ho- 
noured, and for that reason they had a great desire 
to go thither, and to leave their first habitation as 
too narrow. It belonged to the prior and canons of 
St. Frideswide, who at first were against their hav- 
ing it, but at last they obtained their desire, and got 
moreover two or three plot49 of ground besides. This 
was a good accession, and was confirmed to them by 
k. Edw. II. in the 2nd year of his reign. But not 
long after, viz. in the fourth year of the same king's 
reign, they procured a greater addition, and that was 
from the mayor and townsmen of Oxford, fnz. three 
plots of ground lying under the walls of the town. 
The first of which plots extended from a postern 
gate near l^ith gate to the area or court of Trinity 
chapell, near East gate, which area or court was an- 
nexed to the said chappell, and was given to the 
friers for ever by the prior and canons of St. Frides- 
wide. And as for the said postern} gate, it was op^ 



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652 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

\Hmte to the present refectory of Hart hal], or rather 
to Black hall lately pulled down. The other two 
plots lay on the south side of the area or court of 
the said chappell, and reached a little tower or turret 
that was the boundary of the court of Sunceyall 
hall, for all which three plots or pieces of ground 
they gave 18*. 4rf. per annum to the, prior and 
canons of St. Frideswide. Some time after this, by 
the licence of king Edw. II. confirmed by king Edw. 
III., they translated themselves thither; but then 
this licence was granted them, on condition that 
they built a chantery in the foresaid chappel for 
their founder and benefactors, &c. So that, going 
to this new place, the friers let the area or court 
lying on the south side of the former chappell to 
the warden and fellows of Merton coll. for 50 years. 
Which area or court or plot of ground extended in 
length from the front of Runcevall hall southwards, 
to a little tower or turret near the end of the area 
or court of the said hall, and in breadth between the 
area or court of the said hall on one side, and the 
wall of the village of Oxford on the other. These 
friers flourished very much after this, *till about the 
year 1851. When a pestilence happening, they 
were all cut off to a man, and so the inn and chap- 
pell without East gate escheated to k. Edw. III., in 
whose time and afterwards the minister of these 
friers at Hundeslowe (for at Hundeslowe on the 
west side thereof they had an house) transmitted 
hither one frier to read prayers and to perform 



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1726-7 HEAHNlANiE. 653 

other sacred oflBces. But after this, William of 
Wickham intoDding to build a college at Oxford, 
bought these two plots of ground of the Friers, which 
they had before purchased of the town of Oxford ; 
viz. An"". S^ Ric/II. Dom. 1879. I mean those 
two plots, one of which lay under the walls of the 
town on the inside of the same, and reached from 
the postern gate opposite to Smith gate, to the N. E. 
comer of the said walls, extending from thence 
southwards to Trinity chapel L But the other reach- 
ed from the said chapell southwards to the area or 
court that had been fonnerly let to the warden and 
scholars of Merton coll. The first of these plots 
therefore being inclosed by the founder of New 
coIL {viz. that on* which is built the wall that sur- 
rounds the college) and the other lying on the south 
side of the chappel being restored by the same 
founder to the mayor and townsmen of Oxford, 
upon some agreement the 12th year of k. Richard IL, 
(I mean that plot on which, within East gate both 
on the right and left hand, houses are now built,) as 
many of the friers as remained, because they had a 
chappell only within the walls, having first of all 
obtained power of the king, transplanted themselves 
to the old inn and chappel situated beyond the gate, 
both which had, as escheats, belonged to the king 
for the space of forty years, vi». from 25 Edw. III. 
Dom. 1851, to the 15th of Rich. II. Dom. 1891. 
But now the mayor and townsmen layd a heavy 
complaint before the king, that the friers had not 



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€54 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

for many years paid them the yearly rent of 13^. 4dl. 
The kiDg therefore ordered in the 15th year of his 
reign his escheator Thos. Barentine to permit the 
mayor and burgesses to seize the inn and chappell, 
which accordingly they did, and after that time both 
of them belonged to them, notwithstanding when 
the founder of New coll. purchased the foresaid area 
or plots within the wall, they had rratiitted to the 
friers the aforesaid 13s. 4d. The friers afterwards 
endeavoured to recover them, and for that end ap- 
plyed to the university; but the town kept what 
they had got, and afterwards reserved only one 
dwelling for a single priest to perform divine offices 
in, and the rest of the chambers they let out to 
scholars who studied there under a principal, and it 
went by the name of Trinity hall, under which de* 
nomination it paid certain rents to the town. 

Now as to the two mansions or dwelling houses 
of these friers at Oxford, I have already noted that 
Edmund earl of Cornwall founded the first which 
adjoyned to the lane that leads from Magdalen coll. 
to the field behind Merton coll. This was by the 
pi^al indulgences exempt from tithes and offerings. 
But as to the other dwelling house, I know not who 
was the founder ; but it fell to ruin after the founder 
of New coll. had procured the neighbouring spots of 
ground. I doubt not but once there was some brass 
lamina in it to signify who the founder both of the 
inn and chapell here was, much such another as that 
at Glastonbury, at least the founder, according to an 



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1726-7. HEARNIANiE. 655 

antient laudable custom, now laid aside, used to be 
commemorated in some Prone. As to the two 
cbappels, the most antient of them, vi%. that without 
East gate, was built by Edm. earl of Cornwall, where 
for some time certain cbapluns celebrated mass for 
his soul. After it came to the town of Oxford, it 
was used for the new mayor evqry year, when he 
returned home from being sworn in the exchequer 
at London, (for in old time that was customary,) 
to stop at this chapell and return thanks to God 
Almighty for his safe return, and to. give an alms to 
the person who read the office, after which he was 
received by the totmsmen, and conducted into the 
city with great huzzaings and rejoicing. At the 
altar of this chapell a lamp or wax candle continu- 
ally burned. Apd this chapell was an asylum or 
refuge for criminals. But as for the other ehapell, 
I know not who built it, though it belonged origin- 
ally to St. Frideswide's, but after the Trinitarian 
friers begun to dwindle, and the adjoyning area or 
plots of ground fell to New coll., it quite sunk by 
degrees, and the very place where it stood is now 
altogether forgot. 

When it was that this fraternity was dissolved, I 
know not for certain. For it does not appear among 
the convents that were destroyed in the time of 
Henry VIII., it being vety probable that it escaped 
then, upon account of it's bdng called an hall. How- 
ever it be, this is certain, that when the other fra- 
ternities were destroyed, John Amery, a Trinitarian 



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656 RELIQUIiE 1726-7. 

frier, was principal, and at that time certain poor 
scholars were here educated from stipends, that, ac- 
cording to an old custom, they received of the col- 
leges in Oxford, and here then lived an old hermit 
or priest, where also he afterwards died. But at 
last, towards the end of k. Henry Vlllth's reign, 
Robert Perrot, bachelor of musick, was principal of 
this hall, at which time the mayor and townsmen 
letting him the hall and chappell, he pulled both 
dovm, and in the same place built a bam, a stable 
and hogstie. 

March 16. Last Monday (18th) the hon"* Dr. 
Henry Bridges, visitor of Balliol coll., gave judge- 
ment about the mastership of that college ; when he 
declared his nephew Dr.Theophilus Lee duly elected, 
to the great coniusion of Mr. Best and his fnends ; 
but Mr. Best &c. may thank Dr. Bourchier for this, 
whom they employed on this occasion as a coun- 
sellor, and, he advising them to a new way of elect- 
ing, by that means Mr. Best (who took that way) 
lost his point, whereas Mr. Lee's friends, following 
the old method, (which was to go out of the cbappel, 
and so to come in again one by one and vote, and 
after voting to recede,) thereby obtained the cause 
for him. Nor do I doubt but this was the old way 
in other elections. I find it was so in the abbies, 
when in elections in their chapter houses they used 
to retire, when they had severally given their votes, 
that thereby matters might be carried on (as they 



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1726-7. HEARNIAN-flE. €57 

ought) secretly. This I told Mr. Sandford of Balliol 
odll. and some otber of Mr. Lee's fneods of, and I 
hear they made use of what I said, and I am in- 
formed, that taiy book of Adam de Domerham (in 
vhich is the form of eleeting an abbat of Glaston- 
bury) was ^quoted on the occasion, I haying men- 
tioned to Mr. Sandford &c. that form, who therefore 
made some application to me for the first volume, 
in which this form is, but the book being still under 
the press, I could not grant this fovoun This Mr« 
Theophilus Lee bears the character of a good honest 
man. . I wish he may prove such"*. 

Sir Isaac Newton was certainly a very great ma- 
theroatidan, and he is justly fieuned for his Principia 
Matkematica &c., but I cannot learn that he had 
any oth^ learning, unless it be that he made some 
salHes by way of diversion into chronology, though I 
foar his chronological knowledge was no better than 
Dr. Wallis's, which was but mean, considering his 
giieat skill in matbematicks, and many other branches 
of learning, as appears by what he hath done at the 
end of bp. Pell's St. Cyprian. When I came first to 
Oxford, Mr. Francis Thompson, fellow of Queen's 

r Hewne aftcvwaidi (March iind) nys, "I hear, that when judgement 
" bame to be ghren on the laid 13th Mardi, the judge and both the aa oo aaors 
'<4igl«ed that Mf, Beefs election was fanTalid, and that one of the assessors 
^' would not allow Bfr. Lee's election good, but that the judge (tris. Dr. 
^ Bridges) and the other assessor agreed that it was yalid, and thereapon the 
'* judge declared him dnly elected. Mr. Beet desired the jvdge^s reasons ; 
" bvt the jadge,as he ong^t, declined giTing any. This business being over, 
^ Mr. Lee came into Oxford, March 11, (being Tuesday,) about fife o'clock, 
^ with a Tasiattsndanoe, and immediately took possession." 

U U 



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658 RELIQUIiE 1726-7- 

coll., was much cried up by many in that college for 
understanding the foresaid sir Isaac Newton's Prin^ 
apia Mathematical some maintaining that he un- 
derstood them better than the author then did 
himself. This Mr. Thompson was a sober man, and 
a great tutor. He did the college several signal 
services. The statutes, which I have seen, require 
an actual fellow to be head, and accordingly he, 
being actual fellow, stood, upon the death of Dr. 
Timothy Halton, but instead of an actual fellow 
they chose Dr. Lancaster, that had left his fellowship 
many years. This elation occasioned a pamphlet, 
printed by Leonard Litchfield, drawn up partly by 
honest Dr. Crosthwayt (who always maintained that 
none but an actual fellow ought to be elected pro- 
vost,) and partly by Mr. Thompson himself. Some 
time after a parsonage fell to Mr. Thompson, and he 
retired to it, and I think he is still living at it, free 
from the noise, trouble, and mischiefs of elections. 
Sir Isaac Newton was formerly fellow of Trinity 
coll. in Cambridge. He died a batchelour. Some 
years since I heard an eminent mathematician (since 
deceased) say, that he could mention another person 
then living, every way equal in mathematicks to sir 
Isaac Newton, though he had not published. We 
asked him (for there was one more, a very virtuous 
gentleman, with us) who this should be. He replied, 
sir Christopher Wren, who was indeed a very extra- 
ordinary man, being an admirable architect, a pro- 
found mathematician, and well versed (what sir Isaac 



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1726-7. HEARNIAN^. 659 

Tfas not) in ciaesical learning. It is remarkable, that 
sir Isaac owed much to some papers be had got of 
Dr. Hookers. 

March 28. Dr. Rawlinson in a letter from Rome 
<July 18th O. S. but July 7 N. S- 1724) toW me, that 
among a great quantity of history and antiquities 
which he had collected in all parts where his cu- 
riosity led him, it is highly probable some duplicates 
will 'arise to gratify friends. The money others 
lavish in equipage, coaches, and embroidery, he put 
to use this way, and deprived of those gaudy appear- 
ances, he had notwithstanding entered as far, and 
seen as much, perhUps more, than some of our pea- 
cocks. Of the remarkable accidents that happened 
within four years past, which were very extraor- 
dinary, he had been a witness. The holy year then 
approaching, he said, would put an end to his cu- 
riosity as to Rome. He said, he highly approved 
the foundation of the new professorships at Oxford 
and Cambridge for the modem languages, as cer- 
tainly useful, if for nothing but to curtail the benefit 
of tutorage to our young nobility and gentry, from 
impudent and ignorant French Hugonots and Scotch 
pedlers. With the languages they will come out 
with great advantage. For, to our shame at present 
be it q>oken, both tutors and pupils come and go 
very little skilled in the languages, and that little 
they often know of the learned languages is useless, 
as the pronunciation, especially in Italy, is widely 

u u 2 



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660 RELIQUIAE 1727. 

diflferent from ours, in a maimer miintelligible to as 
aud tbem, as the Dr., he says, fbmid by experience. 

April 4. I hear sir Isaac Newton died intestate, 
tho\ besides a considerable paternal estate, he was 
worth in money twenty-seven thousand pounds. He 
had promised to be a benefactor to the Royal society, 
but fiUled. Some time before he died, a great quar- 
rel happened between him and Dr. Halley, so as 
they fell to bad language. This, 'tis thought, so 
much discomposed sir Isaac as to hasten his ^id. 
Sir Isaac died in great pain, though he was not sick, 
which pain proceeded from some inward decay, as 
appeared from opening him. He i» buried in West- 
minster abbey. Sir Isaac was a man of no promising 
aspect He was a short well-set man; He was full 
of thought, and spoke very little Jn company, so that 
his conversation was not agreeable. When he rode 
in his coach, one arm would be out of the coach on 
one side, and the other on the other. He hath left 
behind him a MS. chronology compleat, aud ordered 
it to be printed. Some years ago sir Isaac was much 
troubled with a lethargy, occasioned by too much 
thinking, but he had got it off pretty well before he 
died. 

From the Reading Post for April 8rd. ""The 
*• corpse of sir Isaac Newton, which was buried on 
*' Tuesday (March 28) in the abbey, from the Jeru- 
'' salem chamber, was followed to the grave by a 
^ great many persons of quality aiul distinction, to 



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1727. HEARNIANiE. 661 

** shew the respect they bore to that unquestionably 
*' great man^ and six noble peers supported the pall. 
<< Yesterday (March 29) John Conduit esq. M. P.> 
^ for Whitchurch, received his patent constituting 
^ him master worker of his majesty's mint in the 
** Tower, in the room of sir Isaac Newton deceased.*' 

April 24. There being a great flaw in the east 
end of Car&x church, Oxon., this day they began to 
pull part of the said east end down, in order to 
repair it 

April 25. Mr. West tells me, in a letter from 
London of the 22nd. inst., that being lately in Cam- 
bridgeshire, he spent two days in that uniyersity,. 
both which times he had the pleasure of seeing my 
friend Mr. Baker, who was pleased to walk with 
him, and shew him his college, the library, &c. 
What hath been given to the library by Mr. Baker 
himself, is no small addition to it ; Mr. Baker being 
turned out of his fellowship for his honesty and in- 
t^frity, (as I have also lost my places for the same 
reason, in not taking the wicked oaths,) writes him--^ 
self in all his books sodus efectus. His goodness 
and humanity are a| charming^ to those who have 
the happiness of his conversation, as his learning is 
profitable to his correspondents. The university 
library is not yet put into any order. They just saw 
it in heaps. The college libraries make a very in- 
different show, compared with our Oxford ones. 

u u 8 



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G62 RELIQUIAE 1727- 

Mr. West had not time to see abp. Parker's MSS. 
in Corpns college, but what he was most pleased 
with, was Mr. Secretary Pepys* library given to 
Magd. coll. There is a very pretty collection of 
English history, among which is great store of an- 
tient ballads, several vols, of English heads of learned 
men, 3 large vols, of original letters of our great 
men in the reigns of Henry VIII., Edw. VI., queen 
Mary and queen Elizabeth. The whole contains 
about 2700 books. He has left them under severe 
restrictions. They are kept in a room separate from 
the college library, and are not on any account what- 
ever to receive the addition of one book, which in 
case they do, the whole collection is forfeited to 
Trinity coll. Cant. 

May 4. Anno 1074, sir Robert Doilley built the 
collegiate church of St. George, in the castle of 
Oxford, for secular canons of the order of St. Austin. 
They were afterwards translated to Osney abbey, 
and then the house in the castle became an inn for 
scholars, who were subject to the chancellour of 
Oxford. Many brave persons were buried both at 
St. Greorge's and at Osney ; but alas ! no notice is 
now taken of them, but they arf utterly forgot. 

May 5. Yesterday Mr. Graves of Mickleton called 
upon me. He told me that young Ballard the taylor 
of Campden is out of his- time, and hath very good 
business at his trade, but that he is now learnings 



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1727. HEARNIANiK. 663 

Latin, going twice a day for that end to the school- 
master there, and that he hath a great mind to come 
and enter of some college or hall in Oxford, but Mr, 
Graves gives him no encouragement; judgeing it 
better (and I think so too) to keep to his trade. 
This young Ballard's great uncle was a doctor of 
physick. Mn Graves hath promised to send me 
some account of him*. 

May 9* About the year 1075 the Jews began to 
come much to Oxford. After they were settled, 
they procured a great many houses, particularly in 
the parishes of St. Martin, St. Edward, and St. Aldate, 
and heaped up vast wealth. Their dwellings in St. 
Edward's and St. Aldate's were so considerable as to 
be stiled the old and new Jewry, and in St. Aldate's 
parish they had a synagogue, where they had masters 
that taught the Hebrew tongue, to the great advan- 
tage of the university ; as there were scholars that 
afterwards taught in Jewish houses, stiled from 
thence Lombard hall, Mossey hall, Jacob hall &c., 
having their names, without doubt, from Jews to 
whom they had formerly belonged. 

May 21. Dr. Tanner told me on Thursday last, 
when I called upon him, that he bad never seen 
Thos. Key's defence of his Assertio Antiquitatis 



• The best account of Ballard (indading Hearne's memoranda) will be 
fooBd in Dr. Bloxam't Moffdaien OoiUif€ RegUUr, « Clerks/' PP- 95-102. 

U U 4 



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€64 RELIQUIAE 1727- 

Academue^ Ckean. I toki him I had it, and thU 
Anthony Wood had seett it, and menlione it under 
the title of E&kmra &c., but that he cooM not tell 
vAaX became of it afterwards. The Dr. said "tm 
YBTj probable Anthony bad H, but perhaps did not 
cafre to own it, Anthony bdng shf of letting people 
know what he had about Oitford, t^t it might not 
be discovered what assistance he had received from 
others, which certainly were very great. The Br. 
said, what Anthony had done ought by no mean^ to 
be despised, but Brian Twyne (he said, and indeed 
very justly) was far superior ta him. 

May 22. Anno 1076 Wm. the Conqueror was at 
the abbey of Abingdon ibr some time, with which^ 
place (especiall the isle of Andersey, so Called from 
it's being sacred to St. Andrew) he was wouderfnUy 
delighted, and therefore both he and his son William 
Kufiis came there often. Here some tell us he first 
heard of exhibitions settled by k. Alfred on the 
nniv. of Olford, with Which he was much displeased, 
and therefore, took them away, for fear they might 
encourage the scholaiii to keep still to the Saxon 
tongue. But this I look upon as a poor occasion 
for his withdrawing them, since he had confirmed 
k. Edward's laws, by which it was established that 
no scholars nor those of the clergy for any cause 
should be injured. I look upon the scholars' firm- 
ness to Edgar Atheling to be the true reason. As 
for Andersey at Abingdon, there was in old time a 



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1727. HEARNIANiE. 665 

church in that isle, dedicated to St. Andrew, and 
there was in the Saxon times iJso a royal palace. 

May 89- This being the Restoration of k. Charles 
IL, there wat verj great and Terj good ringing of 
bells in Oxfbrd, but very little and very poor yester- 
day, which was the birth-day of the dnke of Bruns- 
wick, commonly called, king George. The sermon 
this day, before the university at St. Mary's, was 
preached by Mr. Oreenaway of Hart hall. Mr. Jo- 
nathan CoUey being chanter of Christ Ch., he yester- 
day set a penitential anthem, which enraged the dean. 
Dr. Bradshaw, to that degree, that after service he 
sent for and reprimanded him. 

May SO. There is just come out in 8vo an Eng- 
lish book, being the life of Robert Dudley, earl of 
Leycester; the author's name is not added, but I 
am well assured 'tis Mr. Jebb, who hath done in the 
same manner (without putting his name) the life of 
Mary queen of Scots, and that of sir Thos. More. 
This Mr. Jebb, who pretends to many parts of 
learning, and is a pretended non-juror also, though 
'tis feared he is far tfom bring sincene, (which I am 
very sorfy for,) is a man that beurs but an indiffer^it 
character. He is turned a meer hackney wriier. 
His collection called Sedecim Soriptoresy about Mary 
q. of Soots, is not much inquired after, as I am told. 
He makes use of several things from my books, some 
with, and others (as if he had b^en the first dis- 
coverer) without acknowledgement. 



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666 RELIQUIAE 1727. 

June 12. On the 10th of May last, came on in 
Westminster Hall the final b^nng of Univ. coll. 
case, and after a whole day's examining into that 
affidr, 'twas declared by the judges that the king is 
visitor of that college, and that consequently, what 
the Vice-Chancellor, proctors, and drs. of div. lately 
did, under pretence of being visitors, is null and 
void ; so that Mr. Denison's plea of being put in by 
the visitors is quite extinguished, and Mr. Cockman, 
having been duly elected and duly admitted, is head, 
and accordingly came down on Wednesday last, and 
the next day and since hath in every point acted as 
head, and so will do. His enemies, who made a 
most wretched injudicious defence in Westminster 
Hall, are so strangely exasperated and nettled at this 
victory, that yesterday morning Mr. George Ward, 
commonly called Jolly Ward, ('tis supposed by the 
direction of Dr. Bourchier and Mr. Denison,) got 
into chappell sooner than ordinary in his surplice, 
usurped the master's seat, read prayers, and after- 
wards sent for the buttery book, struck Mr. Cock- 
man's name out from being master, and conveyed 
away out of the hall or publick refectory the master's 
chair, and this he did as senior resident fellow, which 
piece of villainy makes many people laugh, who now 
plainly see the weakness of Denison's cause, when 
they come to such tricks as this. Mr. Denison does 
not now seem to stir in the college, he having cut 
himself out from being fellow, and his fellowship 
being also vacant, as he is married. Yet, I hear, 
my lord Arran, as chancellor of the university, hath 



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1727. HEARNIAN^. 667 

entered a caveat directed to the duke of Newcastle, 
secretary of state, petitioning his grace that he would 
not admit Mr. Cockman (now k. George, as thej 
stile the duke of Brunswick, is beyond sea) as master, 
till the univerfflty hath tryed their right of a visitorial 
power of that college. But I understand this caveat 
is only laughed at, as being ridiculous, this matter 
having been idready tryed in Westminster Hall, and 
the king proved to be visitor. 

June 25. I was told last night that Jolly Ward of 
Univ. coll. did on Sunday, June 18th, usurp the mas- 
ter of Univ. coll.'s seat again, and read prayers, in- 
sisting to have Mr. Cockman shew something signed 
either by the king or by the university or some body 
else before he submits, and this he had also told 
Mr. Cockman the master before. As for the univer- 
sity, Mr. Cockman hath denyed the doctor's power, 
and the matter hath been tryed in Westminster 
Hall, and the king is declared visitor. As Mr. Cock- 
man was statutably elected and statutably admitted, 
there is no occasion for the visitor's hand, tho', I sup- 
pose, if they continue refractory and disobedient a 
proper method will be taken to reduce them to good 
manners; indeed Ward and such debauchees are not 
fit for any society. 

July Ist. Yesterday I walked from Oxford through 
Bagley Wood to Bagworth, which, though it be a 
very pleasant place, yet the old house of the Bas- 



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668 RELIQUIiE 1727. 

kerviUes is now almost quite gone to ruin, the family 
of the Baskervilles being (as I have noted formerly) 
exstinct. Thence I wiJked (leaving Beanlieu farm 
on the right hand) to Norcot, where are two old 
barns, one of which bath several buttresses, and on 
both at the east end are the remains of a cross, 
whence I gather that they have been formerly chap- 
pels, at least I take that with buttresses to have 
been a chappell, and perhaps the other might have 
been an infirmary. This Norcot is very pleasant, 
and the prior and sometimes the abbat of Abing- 
don used to be here. Thence I walked to Abing- 
don, from Abingdon I walked to Radley or Bod- 
ley, where sir John Stonehonse hath built a new 
brick house, but 'tis nothing near so pleasant nor 
snug as the old large house, most of which (they say) 
is to be pulled down. The inside and the gardens 
&c. of the new house are not quite finished. An old 
woman told me that sir John and his lady are very 
charitable to the .poor, though I had heard the con- 
trary from others. ^ John's eldest daughter by 
this lady, (whose maiden name was Penelope Dash- 
wood,) viz. Mrs. Penelope Stonehonse, (a fine crea- 
ture,) is married to sir Henry Adkins. Widking from 
Radley I overtook a man with hoops on his back, 
who told me he had been at work at Radley, and 
that he was going to Sunningwell, where (he said) 
he lives. I understood afterwards that 'twas Mr. 
Thomas Ellys who wbs prenticed to a wine-cooper in 
London, where he lived till very lately, when he came 



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1727. HEARNIANiC;. 669 

into the country for his health, he being consump- 
tive. He 18 a mighty sober young man, and is brother 
to the late Mr. William Ellys, of whom I have made 
mention formerly. Parting with the said M r.Thomas 
Ellys I walked to Sandford ferry, and crossing the 
water, after some little refreshment at Sandford mil], 
I walked to Mr. Powell's at Sandford, but I did not 
speak with him, as I designed, he being private in a 
room by himself taking a knap (tho' his lady being 
in the country (Worcestershire) where she hath been 
at least two months, I looked upon this as the most 
proper time for some conversation with Mr. Powell, 
who is a very worthy good man, and much beloved). 
From Sandford I walked to Iffley and so to Oxford. 

Oct. 16. Last night spending the evening with 
Mr. Hall, my nonjuring friend Mr. Whiteside, Mr. 
Brook of Oriel coll. and Mr. Richardson of Brazenose 
coll., I understood from Mr. Brook, that Mr. Wick- 
sey went out of town as soon as the election at Oriel 
coll. was over, being it seems much nettled. He is 
gone to the lord chancellor of Great Britain to see 
if he can oust Mr. Hodges, under pretence that 
Mr. Hodges ought not to have it by their statutes, 
having fifteen hundred pounds a year estate, which 
is pretended is much beyond what their statutes 
allow. A very poor plea ! and I believe groundless, 
whatever it may be with respect to fellowships. But 
it seems Dr. Shippen hath put this into Wicksey's 
head, Shippen being for Wicksey I hear, which 



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670 RELIQUIiE 1727- 

brings to mind what I heard the other day about 
Mr. Denison^ namely, that Dr. Carter was very poor 
when he was elected head of Oriel colU Denison 
thereby insinuating that a poor man ought now also 
to be elected, and not Hodges. But what Denison 
said is downright false. Carter, as I well remember, 
was elected chiefly for this reason, that he was rich. 
Wicksey also pretends another reason that the elec- 
tion should be vacated, viz. because that by their 
statutes the election ought to be sine discordia: 
Now, says he and his friends, had it been sine dis- 
cordiOy then both Wicksey himself and his friends 
ought to have come over to Hodges, &c. A very 
poor plea, and what even Mr. Brook himself laughs 
at. Mr. Hodges carried it by a majority of two 
votes, the votes standing thus: viz. 

For Mr. Wicktey. Far Mr, Hodga, 

1. Mr. Wicksey himaelf. «• M"*- Hodges himselt 

a. Dr. Woodwmrd. 

2. Mr. Bowles. ^ ^^ CathenU (who U dean, aiid 

3. Mr. Pipem. had, sHiecesse, 3 votes.) 

4. Mr. Brook. 4- I)r. Reyner. 

5. Mr. Chester. 

5. Mr. Parry. 5. Mr. Woollen. 

6. Mr. Makepeace. 7* Mr. Craster. 

8. Dr. Fisher. 

7. Mr. Martin. 9. Mr. Bdmnnds. 

Mr. Dyer, who was altogether for Mr. Hodges, 
could not be there. 

Oct. 25. Last week they cut down the fine plea- 
sant garden in Brazenose coll. quadrangle, which was 
not only a great ornament to it, and was agreeable 
to the quadrangle of our old monasteries, but was a 



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1727. HEARNlANiE. 671 

delightfal and pleasant ehade in summer time, and 
made the rooms in hot seasons much cooler than 
they otherwise would have been. This is done by 
'direction of the principal and some others purely to 
turn it into a grass plot and to erect some silly 
statue there. 

In the time of Henry V. were abundance of Irish 
scholars in Oxford, and, from their living there, one 
street going from Gloucester hall (now Worcester 
coll.) towards Highbridge was called Irishmen's 
street. Here, vh. in that street, were many halls or 
houses for entertainment of them, but a great many 
of them at that time (viz. in the reign of Hen. V.) 
were so rakish, that (under the name of Chamber- 
dehyns) they committed strange disorders, so that 
they were expelled this place (and their houses be- 
gan to decay and the street to lose its name) and 
then they went to Cambridge, where they were 
guilty of the same enormities, which occasioned 
them at length by order of parliament, in the reign 
of Henry VI. to be banished the nation, with injunc- 
tion not to come hither into England any more, with 
an intent to settle at our universities. 

Oct. 30. On Friday being Oct. 26, was a hearing 
before the lord chancellour of England (sir Peter 
King) of Oriel coll. case, with respect to a provost 
of that college. Mr. Wicksey alledged two reasons 
against Mr. Hodges being head, (1.) that he had 
above a thousand pounds per annum, and brought 



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672 RELIQUIJE 1727. 

many argaments to prove that he had so maofa. 
Upon which says Mr. Hodges, " Mr. Wicksey, you 
** need not have given yourself this trouble, I own 
**I have such an estate/' Upon which, says the 
chanoellour, *^ this reason makes for Mr. Hodges : it 
*' is for the interest of the college that a man of good 
** estate should be head.'' S. That four of those that 
elected Mr. Hodges were not statutable fellows, 
having never been admitted by the late provost. 
Indeed they were not admitted by him, because he 
denyed their election by virtue of his pretended 
negative. But, the negative being legally set aside, 
they were otherwise admitted, as appeared from the 
register, where both their election and admission 
were entered and even signed by Wicksey also, two 
of whose voters also were of the same election and 
admission. In short Mr. Wicksey s allegations and 
objections were adjudged very weak and frivolous, 
and the chancellour (as visitor under king Geoige) 
immediately confirmed Mr. Hodges, and administered 
the oath to him as head, so that Wicksey (who is 
looked upon as a rogue, and to have been altogether 
in the scheme of the late provost, though he pre- 
tended then to be otherwise) is quite now thrown 
by, tho' perhaps he may still pretend that there is a 
nullity, unless Mr. Hodges be also confirmed by the 
bp. of Lincoln, which, however, I believe will sig- 
nify just nothing. 

Nov. 11th. Yesterday I walked from Oxford to 



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1727. HEARNIANiE. S7S 

Chilswell farm, and from thence to Denton Court, 
which way (a strange by, unked, solitary walk) I had 
never went to Denton Court before. I did it chiefly 
to have a better notion of the ancient solitariness 
and retiredness of the place, when the hermit Aben 
inhabited here. I went by a coppice (a little above 
Chilswell farm) called Birch Coppice, the only place 
in this country that I know of, where birch grows. 

Nov. 17. Yesterday meeting Mr. Wm. Dodwell 
(by the schools of Trin. coll. where he is commoner), 
he told me that his mother never was yet at Oxford, 
so -that, I take it, he and his brother of Magdalen 
hall'' have had some particular directors here as to 
their entrance and conduct. He told me, his mother 
and all their family have had the small pox long 
since, which he mentioned upon my saying she might 
be afraid of coming hither on that account. 
<•■ 

iVbr. 25. The provost and fellows or scholars of 
Oriel coll. (10 in number) originally were to have 
but twelve pence a week. If com came to ten 
shillings a quarter, they were to have fifteen pence 
each a week during the deamess, but that ceasing, 
they were then to have no more than twelve pence. 
The provost was to dine in common with the fellows: 
but afterwards he had a distinct table allowed, and 
10 marks per an. added for supporting that and a 
man servant. Adam Brom^, alias Browne, was the 

T See p. 576. 
X X 



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674 RELIQUIiB 1727-8. 

first proYOBt. Adam Brome is buried in St. Anne's 
chappell (now called Adam Brome's chappell) at the 
north side of St. Marie's church, Oxford. His tomb 
is still there, but the brasses are all off, so that there 
it no inscription, having been all destroyed in the 
civil war times. 

Jan, 16. Yesterday morning they began to pull 
down the remainder of St. Peter's church in the 
Bailly, Oxon., in order to have a new one erected in 
its stead, which new one Uiey compute will cost two 
thousand pounds. 

Jan. S6. The atchievement of sir John Presbyter 
(from a MS. paper communicated to me by The. 
Ward of Warwick, esq. who had borrowed it.) 

^ He beareth party per pale, indented, Gk>d's ^ory and 
*' his own interest : over all profit, pleasure counter- 
*^ changed, insigned with an helmet of ignoranoe opened 
^ with confidence befitting his degree, mantelled with 
^^ gules and tyranny, doubled with hypoorisie ; upon a 
** wreath of pride and covetousnesse, for his crest a sinister 
*' hand lifting up a solemne league and covenant reversed 
'^ and tome ; in an escrole underneath the diield these 
'^ words for his motto, viz. ^ Aut hoc aut nihil.'* This ooate 
^^ is impaled with another of four pieces signifying thereby 
*^ his four several matches : The first is the house of Geneva ; 
<' she beareth for her armes a field of separation with mar- 
*' ginall notes on the Bible falsely quoted. The 2nd is the 
'^ house of Scotland ; she beareth in her esooeheon the 
** feild rebellion, charged with a stoole of 'repentance. The 
^' third is the family of Amsterdam ; she beareth in a feild 



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1727-8. HEARNIANiE. 675 

'' of toleration tbr^o Jewes heada proper, with aa many 
'' blew ca;gB on than. The fourth an<| last i§ the country 
*' pf New England ; she beareth for her armorii^ ensignB in 
'* a feild of sedition a orop-eared preaohman, preacht up 
'' into a pulpit proper, holding forth to the people a schis- 
'' maticall directory.*" 



Feb. 10. About two lands length, or two furlongs 
south west from Binsey, on the other side the 
water that goeb from Wightham to Botley, was for- 
merly a notable village called Seckworth, situated in 
Berkshire. Tis now intirely demolished, and there 
is nothing remaining of it, only there stands a house 
and two or three hovels for cows &c. on part of the 
ground where it stood. The highway passed through 
it, and so over the water through Binsey ford, and 
so to Oxford. There is a hardway now to be seen, 
and at Binsey the said way (which comes over the 
water that goes from Wightham to Botley, which 
water is called Seckworth) is called in one or two 
places the king's swarth. 

Feb. 11. The word swarth before mentioned is 
a corruption for fp»th which signifies vioy cattis, 
semita. So the king's swarth or rather fps&th is oo 
mofre than the king's way. 

There is a tradition that there were once above 
twenty inns in Seckworth. Some say that Wight- 
bam castle on the hill was besieged by the Danes 
from Seckworth. I take Wightham castle to have 

X X 2 



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676 RELIQUIiE 1728. 

been taken and demolished by the Danes m the 
reign of k. Etheldred, the father of Edm. Ironsides, 
which k. Etheldred began to reign A. D. 978. In 
Etheldred's reign also Seckworth was destroyed by 
the Danes, but it revived again in the days of k. 
Edw. the Ck)nfessor, who was bom at Islip, and 
began to reign A.D. 1042. King Edw. Confess, 
and his beautifull, virtuous, chast and learned q. 
Edgitha or Editha were often at Seckworth, when 
they used to come to Oxford from Islip and Hed- 
dington, coming along the king's swarth beyond new 
park, so that then there was a passage that way 
over the Charwell. 

May 29. Yesterday in the afternoon Mr. Tho. 
Jenner B. D. and fellow of Magd. coll. was elected 
Margaret Professor in opposition to Dr. Tbeophilus 
Leigh D. D. and master of Balliol coll.. Dr. Leigh 
had only 24 votes^ and Mr. Jenner 34. Besides 
these two, at first appeared Dr. Felton principal of 
Edm. hall, Mr. Niblett warden of All Souls' coll., 
and Mr. Robert Lydall of Magd. coll. But Dr. 
Felton having not above one vote that I can hear of, 
{viz. Dr. Oibson provost of Queen's, who was also 
out of town,) and Mr. Niblett and Mr. Lydall not 
being able to succeed, they let their interest drop, 
tho' Lydall did not relinquish his till just the time 
of election, a thing which if he had not done, Magd. 
coll. would most certainly have lost it, and Dr. Leigh 
would have been the man. 



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1728. HEARNIANJB. 677 

June 25. Bp. Wren was a trae antiquary. He 
has left collections, wherever he went, as Pembr. 
hall, where fellow, Peter house, where master, 
Windsor, where dean, and Ely, where bishop, many 
of which Mr. Baker hath seen : but being in loose 
scattered papers are in danger of perishing. Dr. 
Tanner hath likewise seen many of this good bp.'s 
collections. They should be got together as far as 
possible, and endeavours for preserving them should 
be used. The Cambridge men are much wanting 
to themselves, in not retrieving the remains of their 
worthies. Mr. Baker is the only man I know of 
there, that hath of late acted in all respects worthily 
on that head, and for it he deserves a statue. 

July 12. Quaere, who hath wrote best of the 
Cortex Peruvianus, so much used now (and with 
great reason) in feavers and agues? the Spaniards 
call it the Feaver tree. 

July 16. About a quarter of a year since they 
began to build a new chapel for Pembroke coll., 
next to Slaughter lane. 

July 19* Dr. Tanner lent me an old paper, a copy 
of which here follows : 

far Oseneye. 
The longe 8tia>ie All the Same stable is utteriy taken 
^^*^^' awaye. Ghristes Churohe had vi lode of 

slattes of the same. 
X X 3 



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678 RELiyUI.E 1728. 

Mr. Byaiey k>dg- That is greate decaye and niioe The 

T^"^- pticons dores windowes iron glasse is 

spoyled and gone^ the hordes of j^ flowre 
in diuerse places taken awaye. The lengtbe 
of that lodgynge 55 fote, the bredth 25 
fote, the tymber of the rowgh is very good. 

An other howae There be ptioons wK the lofte taken 
Si*^ tiH^ awayD in much ruyne wt. eveU tymber' in 
endvacat. length 40 fote. 

Where the almes There is dores windowes iron is all taken 
men lay vacat. awaye and yt is in utter decaye in length 

SO fote. 

Darter At the end of the same were ii propre 

chambers well glassyd ironed w^. a ptieon 
ii goodly dores of weynskote all spoylyd 
& gone. 

The length 169 fote in bredth 32 fote 
thone syde is all sklate excepte 20 foto 
thother syde 40 fote sklated the rough ys 
good, the length of y« rafters 86 fote 
very good, the gutters leyd with leade 
through owte both sydes. gone utterly. 

inter The length 140 fote, the pyllours & 

irons of the wyndowes spoylyd & gone 
the bredth 36 fote all sklattyd. 

The gutters of leade on bothe sydes 
taken awaye deane. All the whole is 
syled through, the pulpet therin is also 
spoyled, the length of the rafters 38 fote. 
The length 40 fote, the bredth 24 foto, 
meane tymber in decaye. 



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1728. 



HEARNIANiG. 



679 



The alaiighter 
howve wt. other 
hcraaee of oflBoe 
iojiied theuto ▼»• 

Abbotte Johns 
haU Tscat. 



The leadid lodg- 
yngor Mr 
lodgjng 



The ploor nn- 
derneth Mr 
lodgjnge 

The kylne house 
w* the Aumesse 
house Tscat. 



Mr. Belsyer i 
ble nnocupicL 



The length 84 fote The ptioons wyn- 
dowes dores oleane gone. In great decaye 
the tymber indifferente all sklated. 

The length 46 fote the bredthe S4 
good tymber nnoocupyed wdl sklated 
goog [do] rough w<. glased w<. irons the 
depnesse of the roughe 40 fote, the gutter 
of thone syde leaded, deane taken awaye. 

The length 45 fote oouered with leade 
the bredth 16 fote the leade is taken 
awaye in some places wherby yt goyth to 
deoaye ; the roughe proper and handsome. 

There all the glasse is gone. 

The length 76 the bredthe 32 fote In 
great deoaye well tymbryd and a very 
good rough Ther be ii principall postes 
standyng in the same house. The house 
long unoccupyed. Much sklate taken 
awaye. ii sonmiers' standyng w< the kylne 
betwene and vi other pecis lyeng in the 
flowre. The depth of the rough 80 fote 
the length 40 fote in bredth 16. 



The lofte over 
the soolie mioocii- 
pyed. 



The length 50 fote the bredth 24. There 
is a neue flowre. well sklatyd a good 
rough. 

The length 24 the bredth 16 foote wdl 
sklatyd. the hordes of y« flowre new 
partly taken awaye ft j^ wyndowes gone. 
The guttem of kade takea awaye. 

• ii. sommers, or fumiiMn, tumman^ trmbeSf priBci|ipl Mms. 

X X 4 



The scole Mr 



uiKXM^upied. 



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680 RELIQUIiE 1728. 

The sooie house The barres of iron beyng substanoiall 
onoccup oleane gone with the glasse. 

Mr.Haynesiodg- The glasse taken awaye the whole 
yng vacat baiTes of iron are there yet. 

The gi«ttt hall Whiche Mr Stumpe wold have had a 

lofte in, is of length 59 fote Uie bredth 88 
wherin we fownde good tymber spoyled to 
the fyer. There ia no peoe of tymber un- 
occupyed in the hole house yt will aerre 
for this hall flowre. 

TheyattehoiiM The length 88 fote the bredthe 28. a 
n^it wt owte eompetent good roughe of tymbre y« depth 
80 fote good sklate. 

The YjHe cham- The whiohe all in ruyne and decaye. 

berneretoycfl 



vacat. the porters 
lodge Tacat. 

The greate barae The length 88 fote, the bredth 28, the 

^*^^* tymber meane. Uie sklate competente 

good. The depth of the roughe SO fote. 

These laoketh y« greate porohe w^ the 

greate dores. 

Indorsed 

S. Nicholat Osney Stumpe io6. accompi of the decayed in 
the old (Mef of Osetiey. 

Aug. 8. Yesterday Mr. Gilman of St Peter's 
parish in the east, Oxford, (a lusty, heartick, thick, 
short man,) told me, that he is in the 85th year of 
his age, and that at the restoration of K. Charles II. 
being much aflUcted with the king's evil, he rode 



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1728. HEARNIANiE. 681 

up to London behind his father, was touched on a 
Wednesday morning by that king, was in very 
good condition by that night, and by the Sunday 
night immediately following was perfectly recovered, 
and hath so continued ever since. He hath con- 
stantly wore the piece of gold about his neck that 
he received of the king, and he had it on yesterday 
when I met him. 

Sept 18. The repairing the east end of Cairfax 
church, Oxford, cost 70£, or thereabouts. The de- 
fect was occasioned by the removing some butresses 
in the chancell to make the Butter-bench, which was 
done by the advice of some rash indiscreet persons, 
who perceived their error too late. 

Oc/.24. On Tuesday last Mr. Tho. Weeksy was 
deprived of his fellowship of Oriel coll., (and indeed 
expelled, his name bein^ struck out of the book^) 
sentence being pronounced by the provost himself 
in the chappell, for contumacy and for having '^ ube- 
rius beneficium." Both points were so plain and 
notorious that nothing can be alledged for him. 
This Mr. Weeksy (who stood himself to be provost) 
hath been so troublesome and vexatious that he did 
all that possibly he could to hinder the peace of the 
college. His living is about 19£. in the king's 
books, whereas he cannot hold a fellowship of Oriel 
vdth a living above 10 marks. He had been sum- 
moned three times before the society, particularly 



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(582 RELIQUIiE 1728. 

for detaining a register of the college and declining 
to surrender it, (tho' he and his crony Bowles had 
had it a great while, three quarters of a year or 
more,) notwithstanding the college had great occa- 
sion for it. Bowles is also twice upon one of the 
registers, as lyable to the like punishment of Weeksy, 
which will be inflicted, if he proceeds in his vile 
practices. 

Nov. 8. Mr. Aynsworth teaches a prirate school 
in London. He hath been a great many years about 
a Latin Dictionary, and (I am told) hath at last 
finished it, though 'tis not printed for want of en- 
couragement. It seems be leaves out in it all proper 
names but such as are classical. I do not know of 
anything that he hath published, but the catalogue 
of Mr. Kemp's curiosities, (a great number of which 
wei-e counterfeits and cheats,) and the catalogue of 
Dr. Woodward's books and curiosities. I am told 
be hath wrote a Latin poem to Mr. Edm. ChishuU, 
and another to Mr. John Strype, but they are not 
printed. He is a jmarried man, of at least 70 years 
of age*. 

Dec. 31. The bp. of Oxford, Dr. John Potter, 
bears a v^y poor mean character at Cuddesden 
where he lives. I heard a man of Cuddesden say 
yestterday, when I was that way, that he and his 
lady are miserably stingy and covetous, and that 

^ See p. 488. 



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1728-9. HEARNIANiE. 688 

there is not the least hospitality in their femily. He 
said they were bo wretchedly miserable, that the 
bp. and his lady went themselves a coursing, she 
going up to her knees for a day together at that 
sport, on purpose to hinder the poor from catching 
any hares, and that they were very severe to any 
one (tho' never so poor) that killed any hare, &c. 
there. 

Jan. 11. On Dec. 2 last, was a meeting of the 
heads of houses about a programma relating to infi- 
delity, and 'twas carried for one, by a majority, and 
accordingly one was printed; but at last, it seems, all 
the heads unless perhaps you may except one or two, 
so intirely agreed in one and the same thing, that is, 
that what they had done should not be known, that 
they got all the copies into their own hands, and 
quite stifled this programma, done, it seems, without 
spirit, insomuch that it could not be seen nor pro- 
cured ; so that, though I have much laboured for it, 
yet I have not been able either to get a copy, or 
even a sight of one. €k)d knows, 'tis a poor zeal 
for religion, when they are ashamed and afraid to 
appear publickly in a good cause, but act in a clan- 
destine way, and are not willing that even actions 
that are laudable should be knovni. 

Feh. 27. Mr. Wood midces Schidyard street, now 
St. Mary hall lane in Oxford, to be the same with 
Sched-writers street, as if the librarians or scribes 



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684 RELIQUIiE 1728^9. 

formerly lived here» and for th^t reason might be 
termed 8ched-writer8, or Writers row. But I think 
that it is the same with Schieldyard street^ and that 
therefore the shield makers formerly dwelt here. 

Feb. 28. Last night Mr. Whiteside told me and 
others, (and I think he said he had it from the 
present earl of Oxford,) that the late earl of Oxford 
often talked that he would publish Domesday Book 
itself, and that in such a manner as to have the 
whole ingraved on copper plates, with all the several 
abbreviations and very ductus's of the letters. But 
this I look upon as a vain proposal, the business of 
publishing being to make it clear as can be, that is, 
to give the words at length, and the abbreviations 
only at such times when such abbreviations may 
bear several significations, and even then too some- 
times a note will be necessary. Were what his lord- 
ship proposed followed in other books, viz. Livy &c. 
we should have strange editions. Let an able, fiuth- 
fuU man (that is skilled in abbreviations, and hath 
honesty) undertake the work, and give the words at 
laige, in common characters (itnless it be where the 
signification is dubious,) and he will deserve well of 
the learned world. 

Mr. James Gibson being in town yesterday, be 
told me his Orammatical Observations (printed at 
Lichfield's) is quite finished. It seems it is against 
the alterations that have been made in Lilly's 
grammar. He was told by one that was with me, 
that Lilly's grammar is newly done at London, with 



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1728-9. HEARNIANiG. 685 

the corrections of all the school-masters there, so as 
to be reduced to its first state, and that Mr. Ayns- 
worth was one of those that had done it. This 
seemed to trouble Mr. Gibson, as if his own labour 
were now in vain. 

March 4. Mr. James Gibson's little 4to book 
(printed at Leonard Lichfield's in Oxford) relating 
to Grammar is just come out. Tis entitled by him 
Grammatical Exceptions^ which is a very odd title, 
as indeed the whole book is very odd. Tis true 
there are several good remarks in it, and so I told 
him a good while since, when he shewed it to me in 
MS., but I then told him, it ought to be wrote dl 
anew, and several things to be omitted, and others 
to be altered, but this he little regarded. For 
though, at my suggestion, he did leave out his note 
or observation, in which he bad made JDarobemia 
to be Thver^ and was a long time positive that 'twas 
so, (and I had a great struggle with him to make 
him sensible that 'twas Canterbury^) yet he took no 
care in other things to consult his reputation, but 
hath published a very ridiculous book ; which need 
not be wondered at, considering that he is crazed, 
and very perverse, though when young he was a 
very good schoolmaster, and got himself a good re- 
putation on that account. He is withall an honest, 
religious man, and very inoffensive, and on that 
account to be much respected. His second wife 
(whose maiden name was Newton) died in October 



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686 RELIQUIAE 1728-9. 

last, aged at least three score and ten. After I had 
formerly more than once cautioned him very freely 
about this book, he never afterwards either shewed 
it me, or told me what he did in it, for fear (I sup- 
pose) that I should expostulate with him ; tho* some- 
time since he did tell me in Oxford, that he would 
dedicate it to the convocation of both provinces ; but 
'tis not dedicated to them, his brother, the provost 
of Queen's coll., having overruled that matter. 

March 8. Mr. Anstis, finding by a citation of 
mine that I have a copy of New college statutes, 
desires to borrow it for a very short time. I must tell 
him (what I must also to all that pretend to borrow 
books of me, for if I should lend to one I must to 
another), that being debarred the Bodleian library, I 
am now confined to my ovni books, which I am 
every minute using, and therefore desire to be ex- 
cused from parting with any, even for so little time 
as a minute °. 

March 16. Yesterday in a convocation at 8 
o'clock in the afternoon, Mr. Wm. Jorden of Pem- 
broke coll. was elected by the univ. of Oxford rector 
of Astocke in com. Wilts, (which belongs to a 
Roman catholic fitmily, the Webbs,) in opposition 
to Mr. Crawford of Balliol coll. 



• Upon second tbongbts, Heorne relents, and lends Anstis his vol. of New 
college statutes, **• since he is so good a friend." 



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1728-9. HEARNIANifi. 687 

March 19. The farther part of Christ Church 
meadow (which is in Barkshire) is in the parish of 
St. Aldate, Oxford, and the tithes (as I take it) of 
right belong to the minister of St. Aldate's. 

Browne Willis esq. being in Oxford, he spent the 
evening with us last night in Cat street. He speaks 
much against Mr. Salmon's Antiquities of Hartford- 
shire, as a thing extracted and epitomized (tho' he 
says but very poorly and injudiciously) from sir 
Henry Chauncy. Yet I think it better done than 
Mr. Willis's own performances, I mean where Mr. 
Willis hath been left to himself; for as for the view 
of the mitred abbeys in Leland, particular care was 
taken by somebody else to have it well done. 

March 20. The transporting books from beyond 
sea is a vast charge at the custom house in England. 
No country but England knows a tax on learning. 
The doctrine of Naples, broached by the emperour 
Charles V ., is Ubri sint Uberi^ and that in a country 
fertile of taxes. 

March 81. Mr. Henry Wharton, tho' a very 
learned man, yet wanted that integrity as archbp. 
Sancroft and many expected from him, and for that 
reason the suffering men excused him much less 
than tbey otherwise would have done ; which when 
he considered, it struck much upon his spirits. 

March 2S. '' The university of Cambridge has 



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688 RELIQUIAE 1728-9. 

parchassd all Dr. Woodward's fossils for 1000 libs., 
he having bequeathed those that were foreign, to 
the said university by will." Fog's Journal for 
March 22, 172^. 

March 28. The dispute at King's college at Gam- 
bridge was about one Mr. Dale, a good while ago 
expelled his fellowship of that college, for reflecting 
very impudently and saucily in a set speech there 
upon k. Charles I. &c., as if that good king veas 
justly beheaded. He sues for restoration. A law 
suit commences, who is visitor, whether the king or 
the bp. of Lincoln: 'tis carried for the bp., who 
hath restored Mr. Dale. Upon which Mr. Baker, in 
his letter of the 25th, writes thus : ^ It must be 
presum'd, Mr. Dale was guilty of no fault, for the 
visitor did not think fit to pass the least censure 
upon him, or to give him the least admonition : but 
notvnthstanding his innocence, I am told he has left 
the college in a distracted condition." 

April 1. Yesterday morning the foundation stone 
at Oriel college was laid for the new building there 
for the provost, between the college and St. Mary 
hall 

April 6. Dr. Freind^s books sold high, particu- 
larly the Oxford editions. Part of these books were 
once the property of Cowley, descended to Sprat, 
and bought by the Dr. of Sprat's executors. In 



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J729. HEARNIAN^. 689 

them were several MSS. notes by all three, par- 
ticularly a fine character of the present duke Whar- 
ton by the last in an edition of Tully, presented 
him by the duke, which character being printed 
m some of the publick papers, Dr.Rawlinson did 
not send it me* nor indeed have I as yet got it. 
There were two stanzas of Sapphicks in a Caesar's 
Comment, old edition, sent by the late Mr. Anthony 
Alsop to the Dr. as a present. 

April 7. Dr. Rawlinson tells me, Dr. (he means 
Mr.) Sdmon's character as a man of honour is 
known, that he was a Cantabrigian, is in double 
orders, (though he goes in lay habit,) relinquished 
for conscience, and now practices physick. The Dr. 
says his (Mr. Salmon's) Hartfordshire is, he fears, 
mostly from Chauncy, with a continuation ; that the 
world speaks better of his smaller pieces on the 
Roman roads, that the defect of indexes to his 
works is unpardonable, and that for it he has suf- 
fered much in his reputation. 

April 10. Dr. Rawlinson hath put out another 
Auction Catalogue of his brother's books, in which 
is another Matt. Parker of the 1st ed. concerning 
which the Dr. writes thus: ^Our last Matthew 
Parker now takes his fate. I am told there is a 
latent commission of 50 lb. for it from France, 
but I hope England will not lose such a treasure, 
tho' I cant well afford to be the master of it.** 

Yy 



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690 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

April 28. By Mr. A, Wood's papers it appears, 
that the king's swarth (formerly called also Port 
street) beyond New Parks by Oxford, went over by 
a bridge the river Charwell. 

April 26. Mr. Ainsworth, the compiler of the 
Kempian and Woodwardian catalogues, tells Mr. 
West, Mr. Dodwell had seen Mr. Downe's strictures 
upon Dr. Woodward's shield, and had wrote a suffi- 
cient confutation of them, the original of which he 
found among Dr. Woodward's papers, and intends to 
publish shortly. 

Dr. Woodward's books amounted to 1741/. 17*. 
His curiosities and antiquities came to no great sum, 
abating the shield, which it seems was bought back 
by his executors for 100 guineas, the name of captain 
Vincent being made use of to prevent the true pur- 
chasers being known. 

May 1. (Out of) Mr. West's letter from the 
Inner Temple, April 28, 1789. 

" In answer to your's of the asth,"" [of April 1729] " in 
my oatalogue of the eari of Pembroke's coUection, it is Uius 
put down : 

*^ Tabula Antiqua of Richard ike Second when young 
on his knees in a robe embroidered with white harts with 
his three saints in like habits, St. John Baptist, St. Edmund 
and St. Edward. On a gold plate under this picture is 
engraved this. Invention of Painting in Oyle 1410. This 



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1729. HEARNIANJE. 691 

was painted before in the beginning of Biohard the Seoond 
1877. Wen. Hollar graved and dedicated it to king 
Charles the First, and calls it Tabula Antiqua of king 
Richard the Snd with his three saints, St. John Baptist, and 
S kings, St. Edmund and Edward Confessors. I am in- 
formed lord Oxford hath one of these cutts of Hollar. The 
eari of Pembroke is ill. When I see him I will send you 
a more particular account." 

May 2. It appears from the Register of Osney, 
in the treasury of Christ Church, that the isle of 
Middley, with the Wick and other appurtenances, 
came to Osney abbey by gift of the burgesses of 
Oxon, in lieu whereof the abbey of Osney gave the 
burgesses one mark of silver, which mark of silver 
the burgesses assigned to the priory of St. Frides- 
wide, (to be paid by the hands of the abbat and 
convent of Osney,) for penance enjoyned them for 
the death of the clerics (or scholars) formerly huiged 
by them. 

May 7. Dr. Bently's admission, from the Register 
of St. John's coll. Cambridge (sent me by Mr. Baker 
May 4th, 1789). Richardus Bentley Ebor. de 
Oulton filius Thomae B. defuncti, annos natus quin- 
decim, et quod excurrit, literis institutus infra 
Wakefield, admissus est subsizator Mai. 24, 1676, 
tutore ejus Mro. Johnston, Begr. coll. Jo. So I have 
his school, county &c. as well as his age. 

Dr. Rawlinson seems to expect 50 guineas for the 
last copy of the Antiq. Brit. That is much too high 

Y y 2 



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692 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

a price for Mr. Baker, and so be leaves it to the 
men of quality. It is also much too high for me, 
had I any great occasion to be greedy of it 

May 11. Last night Mr. Thomas Cockman came 
very privately to Oxford to his lodgings at Univ. 
coll., the matter being now intirely settled, with 
respect to his being master of that college, seven 
commissioners having been appointed by the crown 
to visit the college, which accordingly was done in 
London, it being judged more proper to have the 
visitation there, that the college might not be put 
to too great expenses. These commissioners or 
visitors soon dispatched the matter, and at the same 
time I understand declared five fellowships vacant, 
t?««. Mr. Denison's, Mr. Nevil's, (by reason of a pa- 
trimony,) Mr. Lindsey's, Mr. Cockeriirs, and Mr. 
Heather's, this Heather being never legally ad- 
mitted. 

May 17. Bp. Fell alway designed the ground, 
where the new printing house is, for a university 
church. But Dr. Lancaster turned it to quite an- 
other use, for which he is much blamed by honest 
men. 

The old university congregation house at Oxford 
was the ground room, at the north side of St. Mary's 
church, and over it was the Cobham library, built 
by Thomas Cobham bp. of Worcester ; but the books 
of this Cobham library being translated to the library 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 693 

of duke of Humftay A. D. 1480, the upper room 
became the cougregation house, in which upper 
room was brave painted glass containing the arras of 
the bene£Bu^tors, which painted glass continued till 
the times of the late rebellion. 

May 21. Rymer's Foedera are reprinted by Jacob 
Tonson at 50 libs, a set, and yet he hath printed five 
hundred ^copies. There were but two hundred 
printed for sale of the former impression, besides 
what was reserved to the government for presents, 
and they were sold at 40 shills. a volume ; and the 
whole (there being seventeen volumes) came to 84 
pounds. Mr. George Holmes, of the Tower, had 
the care of this new ed., and found considerable 
mistakes in the transcripts. 

June 5. Many years agoe the public prints had 
signified, that Dr. William King, archbp. of Dublin, 
was dead, but 'twas a mistake, and he did not die 
till very lately, (about six weeks ago,) being of an 
advanced age, and whereas formerly a bad character 
had been given of him, now the papers were lavish 
in his commendation for generosity, hospitality, and 
charity. What is to be believed I know not. This 
I know, that he was in his younger day utterly 
ignorant of the Greek tongue, which he therefore 
learned, when at Dublin, of Mr. Dodwell, that he 
was a time-server, "and having acted in favour of 
rebellion, could not look the conscientious non-jurors 

y y 3 



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694 RELIQUI.*: 1729. 

in the face, as may be partly seen in what I have 
observed at the end of the Vlth volume of Lelaod's 
Collectanea. 

July 18. Mr. Alexander Pope» the poet's father, 
was a poor ignorant man, a tanner at Binfield in 
Berks. This Mr. Alex. Pope had a little house 
there, that he had from his father, but hath now 
sold it to one Mr. Tanner, an honest man. This 
Alexander Pope, though he be an English poet, yet 
he is but an indifferent scholar, mean at Latin, and 
can hardly read Greek. He is a very ill-natured 
man and covetous, and excessively proud. 

August 10. Yesterday Dr. Tanner told me Mr. 
Henry Wharton went thro' Oxon in his way to 
Bath a little before he died, and called upon Dr. 
Charlett, and that he [Dr. Tanner] was then also 
with him. Mr. Wharton wrote a diary of his own 
life in Latin, even to that very time, that circum^ 
stance of his being then at Oxford being in it. Dr. 
Tanner hath seen it, and after Mr. Wharton's death 
calling upon his (Mr. Wharton's) father, an old 
clergyman, he asked him about it. He replyed, 
*^ My son hath got every thing from me, not leaving 
me so mnch as a book or scrap of paper." This son 
was younger than Mr. Henry Wharton, was an 
apothecary and great rake, so that 'tis to be feared 
this diary and many other things of great value are 
utterly destroyed. 



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1729. HEARNIANiK. 695 

August 12. About a year since died Mr. Richard 
Parker, rector of Embleton in Northumberland, and 
was preceded by Dr. Tovey of Merton college, it 
being in Merton coll. gift. This Embleton is the 
place where Duns Scotus was bom. As for Mr. 
Parker, he was formerly fellow of Merton college, 
as a member whereof he took the degree of M. A. 
Apr. 17, 1697. He was an excellent classick scholar, 
and, when of Merton college, was acquainted with 
the chief wits of the university, among whom he 
would be very merry and facetious, but he was very 
modest lind even sheepish, and would be very shy in 
strange company. He was commonly called learned 
Dick Parker, but I know of nothing that is pub-r 
lished of his, unless it be the Account of Isaac Ca- 
saubon's MSS. Papers in the Bodleian library, in 
pag. 264 of the 1st vol. of Catalogus MSStomm 
Anglise et Hibemise, where he is stiled vir erud%tu$ 
by Dr. Edw. Bernard, (who had the chief care of 
that work, and was) a great admirer of Mr. Parker, 
whom the Dr. observed to have the shape of TuUy's 
head. 

August 21. Dr. Rawlinson tells me that his 
brother s funeral was expensive, though scandalous ; 
the Dr. being at a great distance, that, during an 
interim of eight months, expensive commissions of 
appraisement were settled, that commissioners were 
put in, as he fears, rather to survey and plunder 
than do justice to the creditors, himself, or the 

Y y 4 ^ 



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696 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

world. He says, the large paper Leland's Itinerary 
has never yet appeared*, no more than the first or- 
dinal of k. Edw. VI. The Dr. is tender of charging 
any one person, and yet he tells me something sur- 
prising with respect to Mr. Mich. Mattaire. He 
allows that he would not roh on the road, and yet 
would perhaps clandestinely borrow a book or medal, 
and think his honour no way impeached. The Dr. 
says Mattaire has been observed, at the time of 
their commissions, to enter empty and return loaded 
from London House, that severall covers of books 
of the old editions, as also of those printed by 
Stephens, Vascosan, Morel, &c. have been discovered 
in odd parts of the library, behind other books, but 
the valuable contents gelt. He says he will not, as 
some have done, urge this as an argument against 
him ; but it being well known, that the rarity of 
the Ordinal is very singular, some time since in a 
general discourse Mr. Mattaire, before the esqr.'s 
death, sighed for such a curiosity, after which, in the 
Dr.'s presence, and before Mr. Anstis, he blundered 

K This identical copy I saw many yean ago when on a viait at FiUdns hall, 
near Bnrford, Ozforddiire, the eeat of the Colrton*s. It is now probably at 
Ronndway Pork, near Devises ; to which the fkmily, having porchased the 
estate, have ance migrated. I transcribed, at the time I visited Filldns, the 
foUowing MS. notes. 
Vol. I. Tho. Bawlinson. 

Legi 8um& cu voluptate hunc Idbellum in villA apd 

Dnnington in agro Berks, mense Septembri A^.Dom. 171 1. 
and vol. read in Dr. Pellet's copy, my own being mislaid. 
Vol. 6. Lectio hi:giisoe libri inoepta ftdt in villa Rev. Andreas Archer rec- 
toris de Solihull in agro Warwick A** Mi. 171a, mense Julio; finita 
vero apd Nantwich die ultimo Julij 1 7 1 3. 



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1729. HEARNlANiE. 697 

out the possession, and again since hinted he had no 
such book, which denjal seems founded on a request 
made by one who knew the copy. These are odd 
circumstances, and upon them the Dr. says a letter 
was sent Mr. Mattaire by an unknown hand, who 
promises the Dr. a copy. Herein, it seems, Mr. 
Mattaire is charged in the most open manner with 
a breach of trust in the library, books purloyned 
from the rooms before the times of auctions, and 
the anonymous promises Mattaire to inform the Dr. 
of particulars more at large. The Dr. is unwilling 
to expose Mr. M.'s character, and yet cannot but 
insist on some kind of justice, such as a clearing by 
oath in chancery, ''a request (says the Dr.) '*an 
honest man will not refuse, no more than a knave 
decline" ; but even after that, the Dr. thinks him- 
self at liberty to produce suspicious circumstances, 
such as I have mentioned. The Dr. observes far- 
ther, that this good man had swallowed this library 
in imagination, as he hoped to have the conduct of 
its sale, and that it is almost inconceivable with 
what face he could allot the Dr. 10,000 pounds clear 
of expences, MS8. and prints ; but such was the 
fervent prsepossession of the man, that he was little 
less than enthusiastic on the point, as has been, at 
the Dr.'s expense, more clearly visible to the world. 

August SO. Upon Bullington green is a little 
hill, called Bullington Pen (i. e. Bullington Hill). 
Here was formerly a very considerable hill, and 



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698 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

there was (as I take it) a castle, and hereabouts was 
the town and church of Bullington, that many speak 
of, which raises great speculations among the vulgar. 

Sept. 7. The Vocacyon of Johan Bale to the 
Bishopric qf Oseorie. This book is so scarce, that 
the archbp. of Cant, had not seen it, when he was 
assisting father Courayer in the late controversy 
concerning our orders ; and at his request I sent it 
up to Lambeth. It is printed in 8vo, without date. 
So Mr. Baker. But in the copy lent me by Thomas 
Rawlinson esq. in 1720, 1 found this date at y® end. 

Q Imprinted in Rome (before the castell of S. 
Angell (at y® signe of S. Peter) in Decembre) Anno 
D. 1553 [Q. Marie]. 

Which circumstance of it's being printed in Rome 
is a downright fiction y. If Mr. Baker's copy really 
wants the said date, it is imperfect*. As I remember 
Bale's book is puflTd vrith other lyes. 



7 The printflr, doabtleis, wu Hugh Singletoii, whose mark U at the end. 
I look upon this as one of the rarest volomes of Irish history. It is mentioned 
in the Uarleian Catalogoe, vol. TV., no. iiiii. Herbert's Ames pp.741, 
1573* Dibdin*s Herbert IV., p. 290. Copies may be found in the British 
Museum, and in Malone's and Donee's collections in the Bodleian. I maf 
here record another very curious volume, which, although printed nearly a 
century after, is nearly as difficult to meet with. This is '* The persecotteo 
'' and oppression (which, as Solomon saith, is able to make a wise man mad) 
<* of John Bale, that was called to be bishop of Ossory, by the sole election^ 
" without any other man's motion, of that pious king, Edw. 6. ; and of 
** Gruffith Williams, that was called after the same manner to the same 
'* bishoprick by the sole election, without any other man*s motion, of that 
« most excellent, pious king, and glorious martyr, Charies 1. Two learned 
** men, and right reverend bishops of Ossory. London. Printed for the 
*^ author, 1664." 4to, pp-44: at the end, in my copy, with fresh pagination 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 699 

Sept, 8. Three or four yeares agoe Dr. Holds- 
worth, of St. John's college, told me, that Dr. Stuart 
and some others would fain have me put out a new 
edition of Capgrave's Legenda Sanctorum^ which 
is very scarce ; but this I thought fit to wave, it 
being (as I judged) sufficient, that it had been once 
printed; and it might be as proper (yea I think 
more proper) to reprint the Missal of Hereford, 
which is much more scarce than Capgrave. Indeed, 
the copies of this Missal (whether printed or MSS.) 
are so very rare, that Brian Twine (otherwise a most 
knowing man) did not know of it, and therefore 
reckons (p. 186 Apol. Ant. Ac. Oxon.) but three 
kinds of Missals, m. Salisbury, York, and Bangor, 
omitting that of Hereford, a thing I must tell Mr. 
Baker of. 

Sept. 9. Mem. To tell Mr. Baker, that Dr. Gerard 
Langbaine (a very great scholar, and a great judge 
of our English history and antiquities) observed to 
Mr. Selden, (who deservedly consulted the Dr. in 



and ngnatores, pp. 1-67, << The sad condition of the chnrdi and clergy in the 
" diocesi of Osaory ; and I fear not mnch better in all Ireland." My late 
very learned and very oonrteous friend, Dr. Routh, was a diligent collector of 
bishop Or. Williams's works, bnt could nerer obtain this tract Its rarity 
may, possibly, be accounted for by the destruction committed upon literature 
at the fire of London. 

* Sept. 17. The date to Bale's Vocacyon Mr. Baker had not observed till 
I directed him to it ; upon the intimatbn I gave, he finds it as quoted by me 
in a letter I lately wrote to him ; but neither at the beginning nor end of the 
book, but after the errata. He had it not then, when he wrote to me, by 
him ; being one of the old books he gare to ihefar libnury , where tiiey stand not 
very mudi regarded or wanted. 



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700 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

these affitirs,) as may be seen in Leland's ColL vol. 
V. p. 287> ** that an extract might be taken of all 
the historicall passages in Dr. Gascoigne's Dictio- 
narium Theologicum, which in his opinion do as well 
deserve to be published as the rest of that great 
work does scarce (but for them) deserve the read- 
ing." Whether such an extract were taken, I know 
not, but 'tis certain 'twas never published. If it 
were taken, 'tis possible it might be deferred for 
another volume of Cornelius Bee's historians, which 
however never came out. I have given a specimen 
of the historical passages in the Antiquities of Glas- 
tonbury, and there are many more in Mr. Wood's 
Hist^ and Antiquities of the Univ. of Oxford. Mr. 
Wood, I think, got them chiefly by the assistance of 
his great friend and acquaintance Mr. Henry Foulis, 
fellow of Lincoln college. I have often been think- 
ing of making and publishing such an extract, but 
indeed I despair of getting it. 'Twas with difficulty 
I got the specimen in the Antiq. of Glastonbury. 
Partiality obstructs things o£ this kind, and 'tis to 
that we are to ascribe the loss of a ^eat deal of 
secret history, while other things of the same kind 
for the same reason lye dormant, and are quite hid. 

Sept. 14. Mr. Weeksey having, upon his eject- 
ment from Oriel college, appeaPd to the lord chan- 
cellour of England, sir Peter King, visitor of that 
college, on the behalf of (what they call the king) 
the duke of Brunswick ; which sir Peter, having 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 701 

never been of any universitj, knows nothing of 
college affairs; sir Peter thereupon made null the 
election of the provost of Oriel college, because the 
provost had not every vote, and declared Weeksey's 
ejectment (there being no warden) illegal, but after- 
wards he made Dr. Hodges warden himself, by virtue 
of his visitatorial power, and restored Weeksey to 
his fellowship, a mandate or decree being come to the 
college for that restoration. 

Sept. 19. The following copy of an original letter 
from k. James 2d, when duke of York, was sent me 
by Mr. Baker of Cambridge Sept. 14, 1729 ; not to 
be printed, for indeed it is not worth printing ; but 
being only a curiosity, 'tis to be kept by me as such. 

For Mr. Lenthall, speaker of the house of oommons. 

Mr. Speaker, 
I understand, that there was a letter of mine intercepted 
going to the king, whioh I oonfesse was a fault, and there- 
fore I desire you to let the. house know, that I will engage 
my honour and faith never to engage my selfe any more in 
such businesses. And my request is that I may oontinue, 
where I now am ; in doing whioh you will much obligue me, 
who am, 

your friend 

St. Jameses, Feb. YOBEE. 

20, 1647. 

Endorsed thus : '< Duke of Yorke ; reported 22d Fe- 
bruar. 1647." 



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702 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

This (sajB Mr. Baker) I can vouch to be taken from 
an original; and if I might acquaint you how I came 
by it, you could have no doubt of it. 

Sept. 2S. Last night I spent the evening with 
Mr. Fletcher Gyles and Mr. Charles Davis, London 
booksellers. Mr. Whiteside of the Museum, and 
Mr. Taylor of Univ. coll. were also with us. The 
said Davis is a man that bears little better character 
with many honest men than Edm. Curie. He 
makes it his business to pyrate books, and hath re- 
printed something from mine without acknowledg- 
ment, particularly what I have about lord Cobham 
at the end of Titus Livius Foro-Jul. This I men- 
tioned to him. He said he had it from the Tower, 
which is a lye. I had it from Mr. Greo. Holmes, 
who transcribed it from the Tower, and Davis stole 
it from my book, and he insinuated that he would 
do so with respect to other things. He printed this 
thing about Cobham at the end of his paltry edition 
of lying Bale's trifling book about that lord. 

Mr. Gyles said, he hath got in the press Lam- 
bard's Topographical Dictionary of Britain, the MS. 
of which he shewed me some years ago. 

Davis said, he was going to reprint Caius's Anti- 
quities of Cambridge, and that Mr. Jebb was to 
do it. 

Sept. 28. On Thursday, Sept, 18, 1729, died 
Rich. Graves, of Mickleton near Campden in Glou- 



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>729. HEARNIANJE. 703 

cestershire, esq., in the 5Srd year of his age, being 
born April 28, 1677* He was one of the most 
worthy and most virtuous gentlemen I was ac- 
quainted with. He was also a most excellent 
scholar and antiquary, a man of great modesty and 
of a most sweet temper, and a great friend to his 
tenants and to the poor, so that all people are very 
sorry for his death, which I hear was very sudden, 
tho' he hath been of late much afflicted with the 
epidemical feaver and ague that hath raged (and 
still rages) so much for these 3 years. He was very 
studious, and made great collections ; and was upon 
a work he designed to have published, relating to 
the antiquities of Evesham and some other abbies. 

Sept 30. Dr. Caius had a mean opinion of John 
Wickliff, and therefore he thought the Oxonians 
ought not to be proud that John Wickliff was 
educated among them. See the 8vo ed. of his book, 
p. 268. When WickliflTs doctrine began to prevail 
in the univ. of Oxford, the sermons, before they 
were preach'd publickly, used to be examined by the 
Drs. of Div. lb. pp. 270, 271. Quaere, whether there 
were any such thing at Cambridge^. 

Oct. 28. On the 9th of this month, being Thurs- 
day, Mr. John Whiteside, keeper of the Ashm. 
Museum, chaplain of Christ Church, and minister 
of King's Walden in Hartfordshire, went out of 

* See under Nor. 74, 1 739. 



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704 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

town to the said King's Walden in the afternoon, 
and lay that night at Tring. I knew nothing of 
his journey till the next night, tho' he used always 
formerly to let me know of his joumies beforehand. 
He returned on Thursday* Oct. 16. The next day, 
(being Friday,) after my return from my walk, I saw 
and discours'd with him, and he seemed well. 

On Sunday morning he call'd upon me, and stay'd 
with me about an hour, and discours'd pleasantly, 
but complain'd of an indisposition, as he often would, 
having had a great pain in his knee at intervals for 
several years. The next day being Monday, I call'd 
at the Museum in the afternoon, but not finding 
him there, I went to Christ Church, and found him 
sitting by the fire. We talk'd as usually of many 
particulars, and he told me, that his distemper (as it 
plainly now appeared) was the yellow jaundice. He 
had had the advice of Dr. Lee, and 'twas thought it 
would be soon conquered. 

Mr. Whiteside told me, the jaundice came by 
drinking a pretty deal of bad small beer at Christ 
Church after his journey. Tuesday in the afternoon 
I call'd upon him again, and found him in bed. He 
talk'd well and cheerfully as he used to do, and I 
did not apprehend the danger. But yesterday morn- 
ing one of his young men at the Museum came to 
me, and told me he knew nobody, and that 'twas 
fear'd he could not be recover'd. I soon heard this 
bad news confirm'd by other hands. I went to him, 
but he was speechless, and knew no one. He lay 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 705 

till about half an hour after five o'clock in the even- 
ing in that manner, and then expired. He was a 
very ingenious industrious man, an excellent mathe- 
matician, and one of the best in England in experi- 
mental philosophy. He carried on a course of ex- 
periments for many years at the Museum, to the 
great advantage of the youth of the university. 

He took the degree of A. M. June 2S, 1704, as a 
member of Brase-nose coll., of which he had been a 
servitor originally^. 

Oct. 25. The eight first Reading Mercuries (pub- 
lished A^. 1788) are valuable upon account of the 
relation in them of the bounds of Reading, and of 
the list of the mayors from the Xth year of Hen. 
VI. A^. 1432, when, it seems, it became a mayor 
tovm. Which account of Reading and of the several 
mayors was sent to the press by John Watts esq., 
who WBB mayor for the year 1782. 

Nov. 1. The present dutchess of Brunsvnck, 
commonly call'd queen Caroline, is a very proud 
woman, and pretends to great subtlety and cunning. 
She drinks so hard, that her spirits are continually 
inflam'd, and she is often drunk. This last summer 
she went avray from Orkney house near Maidenhead 
(at which she had dined) so drunk that she spew'd 

^ Oct %6, Mr. VHiiteiide itm buried «t Christ Church, in the cathednl* 
at the time of prayers, at four o'dock in the afternoon, on Friday last, Oct 
34, as I was told on my return from my country walk, for I knew nothing of 
it tin then. 

Z Z 



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706 RELIQUI^ 1729. 

in the coaob all her joumej as she went aloDg, a 
thing much noted. 

Nm. 2. My friend Mr. Baker read Blount's Bos- 
cobel with pleasure, when he was very young, in his 
&ther's house ; as indeed it is a Tery pleasant, enter- 
taining book, and perhaps may contain many things 
that were communicated by &ther Huddleston, whom 
Mr. Wood heard at Oxford to relate the whole 
story. It is very strange (as Mr. Baker observes) 
that the king should only name father Huddleston 
once in his long narrative penn'd by Mr. Pepys, and 
without due acknowledgment of his services. But 
in truth the king is too full of himself, and too much 
forgets his friends. When he came to dye, he re- 
membered Mr. Huddleston ** who had preserved him 
in the tree, and now hoped would preserve his 
soul." 

Nov. 3. Dr. Caius's books says Mr. Baker, was a 
posthumous work, but it was left in very safe and 
carefull bands, rtss. archbishop Parker's, who bore 
part of the expense of the edition, as I find in some 
MS. notes of his son sir John Parker. The Dr., in 
all appearance, was a Roman catholic; and yet he 
joyned in communion with the Church of England 
to the last, and came to the chapel, and to our 
prayers, as many of the Roman catholicka did till 
towards that time when the pope sent out his 

^ HU Hut, Cantabrigierms AeacUm^y 4to, Lond. in sdibus Jo.Dui, 1574. 



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1729. HEARNIANiG. 707 

bull &c. His saoeessor Dr. Legge was popishly affected 
in a high degree^ and probably for that reason was 
. brought in by him ; and during that reign there was 
a pojMsh leaven in that college amongst the fellows 
and scholars. 

Nov. 8. Mr. Stow was a man much superior both 
in skill and probity to Rich. Grafton the printer, 
who tho' he. used published books, yet he was not 
curious enough to consult and collect from old MSS. 

NofD. 11. Mr. Bandal Catherall was a great anti- 
quary, and todc much pains in collecting materials 
from leiger books and other monuments of that kind, 
in order to compile some wwk about the religious 
houses, which I doubt not would have been ex-* 
quisite : but be never lived to finish what he had 
begun, and what became of his valuable collections 
I know not. Perhaps Mr. Catherall of Oriel college 
may give some information. Bp. Sanderson had seen 
and used them, and look'd upon them as excellent, 
for which reason he transcribed many things from 
them; which is the more to be regarded, because 
the bp., besides his being a profound divine, was 
likewise a great English antiquary, and spent much 
time (particularly in his retirement before the Be- 
stauration) in perusing old registers. 

Nov. 13. Hugh Latymer is said by some to have 
very much assisted archbp. Cranmer in compiling 

z z 2 



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708 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

the Homilies, which I veryly believe to be true, 
considering the learning and simplicity of the man, 
who however in this work used nothing ludicrous, 
as he thought proper sometimes to do in his sermons, 
as the occasion required, the better to expose vice 
and to please his auditors. 

The mannour of Islip was given to the church of 
Westminster by k. Edw. Confessor, who was bom 
at Islip. 

The said mannour was fcmnerly the best wooded 
of any mannour that belonged to Westminster. 

There were formerly above two hundred custom- 
ary tenants that belonged to the mannour. 

St. Martin's Le Grand destroy'd in Edw. Vlth's 
time. It was a noble cpUege, founded a little before 
the reign of Wm. Conq. It is sad to consider in 
what a most sacrilegious manner the chappell was 
abus'd after the college was dissolved, part of it 
being tum'd into a tavern. 

Nov. 18. Thos. Latymer and others were con- 
cemM in compiling Edward VIth*s Liturgy, yet 
Cranmer was the chief person ; insomuch that the 
late Mr. Edward Stephens, whom some called father 
Stephens, and others abbat Stephens, used to stile it 
the Cranmerian Liturgy. This Mr. Edward Stephens 
was a good common lawyer, and was great with 
judge Hale^ whose Meditations he published. After- 
wards he went into orders, but was for the Greek 
rather than Western church. He had some par- 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 709 

ticular and singular opinions, but was a good, pious, 
sincere, and religious man, and died (as I take it) a 
non-juror. 

Notwithstandfng his calling it the Cranmerian 
Liturgy, he made use of the 1st liturgy of k. Edw. 
VT., with some few additions and patches of his own, 
as may be seen in the printed ed. he set out of it, of 
which, as well as of Mr. Stephens's other thing?, 
there were only very few copies printed. Dr. Grabe 
used to communicate with him. He died (I think 
in April) in 1706, at which time, as I have been 
well inform'd, he profess'd himself to die a member 
of the Greek church. He was buried at Enfield by 
the care of his son-in-law, (Dr. Udall,) a reverend 
Dr. in divinity, who lived there, and taught a great 
number of the sons of noblemen and gentlemen, 
and had a ^^ghty, and, I believe, a deserved reputa- 
tion for his faculty that way. Quaere, whether this 
Dr. Udall were not a Cambridge man ? 

Nm. 24. They had examiners at Cambridge for 
Bac. and Drs. of Divinity : but whether with regard 
to Wickliff, Mr. Baker cannot say. That university 
"Was noted for orthodoxy, when we at Oxford were 
tainted with what they call'd heresy. Dr. Cranmer 
was one of these examiners, afterwards archbp. 
Mr. Baker remembers only one censure of a Wicliv- 
ist at Cambridge, whilst that sort of men were very 
numerous at Oxford. And it was this [reputed] 
orthodoxy, that partly determined Hen. Vlth to be 

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710 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

a founder at Cambridge. His fidundation bronght 
in the Queen*8, before which they were very low. 

Nov. 29. Learning is at so low an ebb at present, 
that hardly any thing of that kind is sought after, 
except it be English, Scotch, or Irish history ; which 
probably may make Dr. Grey's catalogue sell well 
after Christmas, which I hear is well fraught with 
books of that kind. It is said to be very low in 
Italy, and yet they have even now a much greater 
regard both to religion and learning than we have 
in England. 

Nw. SO. Last Wednesday died suddenly Mr. 
Benjamin Cole, of All Hallowa parish, Oxford, and 
was buried next day in All Hallows churchyard. 
This person was originally a bookbinder, but he per- 
formed but indifferently. Afterwards he turned in- 
graver, and practised heraldry and surveying. He was 
a man of parts, but conceited. He might have proved 
eminent, had not he been giddy headed, so as alto- 
gether to follow no one single profession. He pub- 
lished a map of Port Meadow, another of 20 miles 
round Oxford, and a third of 80 miles round Cam- 
bridge. Some time ago he published proposals for 
printing a folio book of heraldry, which he hath 
shewed me in MS. several times, being a collection 
of arms made by himself; to which would have 
been prefixed a discourse about heraldry, and other 
things would have been added. But I believe he 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 71I 

met with little encooragement, by reaBon *twa8 not 
thought he had learning enough to \mte anything 
well on the subject, notwithstanding his collections 
might be good. He died in the 68rd or grand cli- 
macterical year of his age. He was of non-juring 
principles, particularly he was against the abjuration 
oath. 

Dec. 8» On Saturday night came news to the 
Vice-Chancellour, Dr. Butler, of the death of Mr. 
Joseph Bowles, chief keeper of the Bodleian library, 
and fellow of Oriel coll., who died, as Mr. Powell 
the beadle told me, at Shaftesbury in Dorsetshire, 
the place of his nativity, and was buried there on 
Tuesday, Nov. 25, last, so that I suppose he died 
eith^ the Saturday or Sunday foregoing. Of this 
gentleman (a most vile wicked wretch) frequent 
mention hath been made in these memoirs. He 
took the degree of M.A. Oct. 12, 1719. 'Tis in- 
credible what damage he did to the Bodleian library, 
by putting it into disorder and confusion, which 
before, bythe great pains I had taken in it, and by 
my taking down every book and examining it, and 
thereby making the catalogue compleat, and reduc- 
ing the additions (after I had first written them in 
an interleaved catalogue) into two vols, folio, (all 
written with my own hand, which I intitled ^Ap- 
pendix ad Catalogum impressorum librorum in Bi- 
bliotheca Bodleiana/ which was designed to have 
been printed,) was the best regulated library in the 

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712 RELIQUI/E 1729. 

world. Yesterday, at two o'clock in the afterDoon, 
was a convocation for electing a librarian. Can- 
didates were Mr. Wise, B. D., fellow of Trin. coU^ 
and * custos archivorum' of the universitj, who hath 
usurped mj place of second librarian these ten years ; 
Mr. Bilstone, chaplain of All Souls*, janitor of the 
library, who hath got the new keys made, in opposi- 
tion to the old ones I have by me, (for I never re- 
signed, though they debarred me for not taking the 
oaths,) and Mr. Robert Fysher, B.M.,and fellow of Oriel 
coll. Bilstone desisted, so the struggle was between 
Wise and Fysher, and Fysher carried it by a ma- 
jority of fifteen votes, to the great mortification of 
Wise, Bilstone, the Vice-Chancellour and many 
others, who had taken strange methods to get Wise 
(an half-strained conceited man) in ; but their tricks 
would not do, to the great content of such as hate 
such undermining wicked doings^ Wise seemed to 
be very sure of success, and expressed a conc^n 
that his antagonist was his junior, and vaunted much* 
of his own service in order to lessen Mr. Fysher^s 
interest, but maugre all these methods, he was, as 
he deserved, baf&ed. Mr. Fysher had 100, Mr. Wise 
85 votes. The Whiggs were all, as it were, to a 
man against Fysher, insomuch that Merton, Wad- 
ham, Exeter, and Jesus, were in a combination for 
Wise. As far as I can understand, it was a party 
cause, and they rather contended on that score than 
for merit. There were 24 votes in Magd. coll., 
whereof ten voted for Fysher. But though this was 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 713 

a push between Whig and Tory, yet Fysher is by 
much the worthier man, as far as I can yet learn. All 
the canons of Christ Church were against Fysher. 
Dr. Shippen, principal of Brasenoee colK^ was very 
zealous for Fysher. 

Dec. 5. On Wednesday morning last Mr. George 
Shepheard, B.D. and fellow of Trin. coll., was 
chosen keeper of the Ashmolean museum, in room 
of Mr. Whiteside deceased. This gentleman (whom 
I do not yet know so much as by sight) was senior 
proctor of the university in the year 1719* The 
electors to this post are, the yice-Chancellor for the 
time being, the dean of Christ Church, the principal 
of Brazenose coll., and the regius professor of phy- 
sick. Several at first appeared for this place, among 
which was Mr. James Fynes, M. A. and fellow of 
Magd. coll. But the Vice-Chancellor himself was 
against Fynes, (though of his own college, and su- 
perior in merit to Shepheard,) alledging, that Trinity 
college having served their college in electing Dr. 
Jenner Margaret professor, he could not but serve 
them again ; a strange reason for a Vice-Chancellor, 
not regarding merit. Mr. Henry Edmunds of Oriel 
coll. likewise appeared, but the dean of Christ 
Church having also declared for Shepheard, it was 
found at last (one of the proctors being of Trin. coll.) 
that it could not be carried against Shepheard, as it 
might, had the Vice-Chancellor been guided by prin- 
ciples of honour and not of party. He was accord- 



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714 RELIQUIAE 1729. 

inglj elected. For my own pert I was always, and 
still am, of opinion that a layman, and not a man in 
orders, much less a priest and a B.D., ought to have 
this place, which depends so much on shewing knick- 
knacks or gim-cracks ; and though Mr. Whiteside 
was himself so useful there in carrying on experi- 
mental philosophy, which he did for himself and not 
as custos museif and might therefore have done it 
elsewhere as well, if he had provided himself of a 
room, yet I was ever of opinion, that, fi>r that very 
reason, because he was a priest, and had a care in 
the country, it had been better if a proper lay per- 
son had been fixt upon, as had been done before, 
he being the first clergyman that had it, and perhaps 
now it may be made a constant practice. 

Ike. 6. Martin Bucer, who was much consulted 
at the beginning of the Reformation in Edw. Vlth 
time, was a moderate man, and far superior to Calvin 
or any of the other Puritans, with respect to the 
retaining many laudable things, that they were very 
zealous of abolishing. He died at Cambridge, and 
is there buried. He was much respected by both 
universities, vtrho honoured him vrith verses at his 
death; 

JDec. IS. The lady Jane Grey, who was but a few 
months older than Edw. VI., was so beautiful, so 
goodnatured, and of so winning a carriage, that she 
attracted the love of all, and nothing was wanting 



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1729. HEARNIANiE. 715 

to render her an unexceptionable queen but a just 
title. Her fi&ther-in-law, Dudley duke of North- 
umberland, was a most ambitious man, and by aim* 
ing at placing her on the throne, by that means 
plainly contrived her ruin; her own father, Henry 
Grey duke of Norfolk, a soft, easy man, being with- 
out much difficulty drawn and persuaded to consent 
to the duke of Northumberland's contriyances, for 
which, though duke Henry was at present pardoned, 
yet afterwards, for being in another rebellion in 
queen Mail's reign, he was beheaded. This lady 
Jane was adorned with incomparable parts, and is 
said to have had such a genius and forwardness to 
learning, as to understand Oreek and Latin as well 
as her own mother tongue. Instead of those exer- 
cises other young ladies used to follow, she followed 
her book. They say she read Greek with great 
pleasure, without any translation. When once at 
her fitthef s park there was a great hunting, with 
other sports; whilst others were diverting themselves 
at it, she veas in her room all the time, reading 
Plato's Phffidon in the original Greek. Other stories 
of like nature are told of her, which though partly 
true, yet a great deal must be supposed to be owing 
to flattery. I have two of her letters among my 
collections vnritten in Latin, but those I transcribed 
from a printed book. Qusere, what MS. letters there 
are of her's without any regard to Mr. Stiype or any 
other late collector ? 



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716 RELIQUI^ 1729. 

Dec. 14. Sir James Hales, as Hejlin hath ob- 
served^ one of the justices of the common pleas in 
king Edw. Vlth's time, was the only person of the 
council that most resolutely refused to subscribe the 
instrument for disinheriting the lady Mary, and 
settling the crown upon the lady Jane Grey, which 
as it was a most laudable act, so he was, when queen 
Mary came to the crown^ most deservedly rewarded 
for it. Dugdale makes this sir James Hales not one 
of the justices of the common pleas, but one of the 
justices of the king's bench: and this I think is true. 
Quaere about him, and whether the present £unily 
of the Hales's be not descended from him ? Also, 
whether he was not a Cambridge man, and a 
writer? 

Yesterday Dr. Tanner caUed upon me, and told 
me that he never saw so much as one sheet of the 
2nd ed. of Athense Oxon. till after the book was 
printed ; at which I could not but admire, when I 
have been assured from several, and particularly 
more than once from his servant or secretary Jack- 
son, that the sheets constantly came from the press 
to the Dr.; from whence may be gathered, how 
vfilling the Dr. is to excuse himself about having a 
hand in the managing of that spurious edition, in 
which such strange work was made by omissions and 
idterations, and yet he never vnll be able to get it 
over, the edition being most certainly to be ascribed 
to him, and 'twas he that communicated the copy. 



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i:r29. HEARNIANiE. 717 

Dee. 16. Sir Wm. Cordell, in the time of queen 
Eliz«, was an eminent man, and* a great patron of 
learning, and he was in particular a great encourager 
of Saxton in his work of the maps of England. I 
thinlc this Saxton was a great surveyor and drawer, 
but (as I take it at present) he would not engrave 
himself. 

Dec. 17. Mr. Taylour told me that Browne Willis 
(who came to Oxford last Friday, and went out of 
town yesterday, but I did not see him) told him, 
that his estate brought him in last year nine hundred 
and thirty-five pounds, whereas it used to be looked 
upon as worth per annum fifteen hundred pounds. 
Mr. Willis came to town partly upon account of 
begging (for he goes on, as he always will do, to beg) 
for the chappell of Fenny Stratford, it being not as 
yet endowed, and money (as he says) being still due 
for building it. 

Mr. Willis's new 4to book is (I hear) sadly scouted, 
I mean that now almost printed, in which he hath 
things relating to Oxford. Dr. Tanner shakes his 
head at it. 

Sir Thomas Sebright hath a fine paper copy of the 
folio edition (I hear) of lord Clarendon's history with 
draughts, finely done, of all the great persons men- 
tioned in the history. I know not who drew them, 
but I am told they were taken from the originals. 
Sir Thomas gave sixty guineas, I hear, for this copy, 
and the duke of Chandois, ('tis said,) when he after- 



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718 RELIQUIiE 1729. 

wards saw it, declared he would have given ten 
more guineas for it. 

Dec. 82. On Sunday Dec 7, this month ann. 
1729, died at Reading in Berks, where he hath lived 
with his wife many years, Mr. Benjamin Shirl^, 
bookseller, who lived formerly in Oxford, and was a 
great auctioneer there, and much noted on that 
account, tho' nothing near so eminent that wkj as 
Mr. Edmund Millington^ a London bookseller, whom 
he imitated, and who was certainly the most eminent 
auctioneer that ever was or ever will be in England. 
He, the said Shirley, died in an advanced age, being 
near fourscore. 

Dec. 25. In Mr. Baker of Cambridge is a great 
deal of learning joyned vrith an unconunon degree 
of modesty and politeness. 

Jke. 29. Of the old translation of the Psalms in 
metre, Mr. Baker hath the same opinion with me: 
they have stood their ground against the greatest 
men : first archbp. Parker's translation printed by 
John Day, 4to, (now very scarce,) which Mr. Baker 
hath seen ; and next king James's translation, beau- 
tifully printed vnth the privilege of his son. And 
Mr. Baker hopes (as I do) vrill do the like against 
our late innovators. 

Dec. SO. I am sorry to hear (says Mr. Baker in 



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1729-30. HEARNIANJE. 719 

his letter beforesaid of the 18th inst.) of Mr. Bowles's 
death, and as sorry that he that is best fitted to suc« 
ceed him wants one qualification, which jet I cannot 
wish him. The said words are spoke by Mr. Baker 
with reference to myself, who am unqualified upon 
account of my refusing the wicked oaths. 

Dec. 81. On Monday last was to have been a 
prise fighting in Oxford between two fellows, and 
they had it cryed about with beat of drum for some 
time; the mayor, sir Oliver Greenaway, having 
given them leave: but they having had no leave 
from the Vice-Chanoellour^ the same vras stopt, the 
Vice-Chancellour taking one of them up a little 
before the time of fighting, and laying in wait yes- 
terday for the other, or any one else that vfas to 
abett and countenance such a proceeding, to the 
great resentment of the townsmen, who aim at de- 
stroying the privileges of the university, one of which 
is to prevent and obstruct all idle, vagrant, dissolute 
persons, who carry arms to the disturbance of the 
public peace, and of the discipline of the university. 

Jan. 2. In Edw. Vlth's time sentences of scrip- 
ture were painted upon walls in churches and chap- 
pels, and there were other decorations of that kind, 
which were stiled the laymen^s books ; but in queen 
Mary's time they were defisu^ed. Before the Re- 
formation there were other decorations upon the 
walls of sacred places, such as the images of saints. 



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720 RELIQUI^ l729-n30. 

martyrs, and confessors, with other thmgs very 
proper, and even sentences too sometimes of sorip- 
ture, tho' not in the vulgar tongue. 

Jan. 8. In Sept* last died the celebrated sir 
Richard Steel, kt, a man that some years ago made 
a great noise upon account of a paper called The Spec-^ 
tatoTi which came out a great while together, and 
have been since printed together in many volumes ; 
but the best of these Spectators were done by Mr. 
Addison. 

Jan. 4. The great house standing in the entrance 
into Grampole, over against the lower end of Christ 
Church, Oxford, which belonged formerly to col. 
Crook, was built by one Mr. John Smith, (shortly 
after maior of the city,) and cost him (as 'tis credibly 
reported) above 1800£; and it cost the col. neer 
150£ after he had purchased it, in building of two 
stables, one that would hold six horses, and the 
other four. The garden plot is not large, and the 
hall but small ; and all the other roomes (which are 
many) very good. It vras some years before 1679 
a boarding school, and called Viigin's Hall, because 
usually between twenty or thirty young ladies virere 
boarded in it. So in an original letter written from 
Malmesbury, Nov, 19, 1679, to the earl of Anglesey, 
lord privy seal, at Anglesey house in Drury lane, 
London, by Mr. Thos. Gilbert the independent, who 
was then about buying it for his lordship, and adds 



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1729-SO. HEARNIANiE. 721 

at the same time, ** The only inconvenience is that 
it neither has, nor can have, a coach house belonging 
to it ; but standing in the entrance into Grampole, 
over against the lower end of Christ Church, where 
are diverse of the canons* coach^^houses still standing 
emptj, choice whereof may be had at easy rates. 
The house is no college lease, as the others (you 
have formerly been about), but good freehold : the 
lowest rate I can yet bring the colonel downe to for 
it is 600£, and I verily think it will not stick long 
on his hand at that price, when it shall be more 
commonly known that he is minded to part with iV 

Jan. 29. In Nov. last I had a letter from Mr. West, 
dated at the Inner Temple the 19th of that month, 
signifying that the town was very sickly, and that 
their weekly bills of mortality were never so high 
since the plague, and that they encreased every 
week. 

Jan. 81. Mr. Taylor of Univ. coll. told me last 
night, what I had not heard before, that some time 
ago the present bp. of London, Edmund Gibson, 
asked Dr. Felton, principal of Edm. Hall, what con* 
ventides there were in Oxford, (meaning non-juring 
places of worship) and whether I went to any of 
them, or whether I went to the hall chappell to 
prayers. I know not well what answer Felton made, 
unless it be that he said he knew of no conventicles 
in Oxford, and that I went to no conventicle. As 

3 a 



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722 RELIQUIiE 1729-30. 

for my own pai% tha*e being no non-juring place 
for worship in Oxford, I continue in my own room 
and pray by myself, using the Common Prayer, and 
that with greater consistence than go to the public 
churches and jojm with them but partly. 

March 13. Kingston upon Thames, March 4. 
On Monday last (March 2) our sexton, with his son 
and daughter, being employed in digging a grave, 
part of the antient chappell called St. Mary's (which 
is an old Gothick building, where formerly the south 
Saxon kings used to be crowned, six of whose pic- 
tures, together with king John's, whose coronation 
ceremony was there performed, are still remaining 
on the walls, tho' tis at least 1300 years old) fell in 
upon them, killed the sexton and one man upon the 
spot, buried and wounded several others, and buried 
in the grave both the son and daughter for above 
three hours, during which time many were employed 
in digging out the rubbish in order to get at the 
bodies that were buried. After the removal of the 
timber and several loads of rubbish, they heard very 
plainly some loud groans and cries in the grave : 
soon after they came to the heads of two persons : 
the man was speechless, and almost dead, having his 
head closely confined between two stones ; the 
woman was not so much pressed ; but being imme- 
diately taken care of by Dr. Cranmer, they are both 
in a fair way of recovery. This church and chapel 
.has for many years been wanting rebuilding. The 



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1729-30. H^ARNIAN/fi. 723 

damage, bendes the lives already lost, is computed 
at above 1000£. Northampt. Merc. March 9$ 
1729-80. 

March 15. The river Thames made navigable to 
Oxford in the reign of king James I., Dr. King, dean 
of Christ Church, being Vice-Chancellour. Twyne's 
ApoK p. 9S. 

From Ant. a Wood's Register of St. John Bap- 
tist's parish. 

George, natural son of k. Charles II., bi^tized 
Jan. 1, 1665, privately, begotten on the body of 
Barbara Villiers. He was bom in a fellow's cham- 
ber in Merton coll. on Dec. 28 preceding. 

March 24. Dr. Dixon Coleby a physician, for- 
merly of Merton coll., now a practitioner of his 
faculty at Stamford in Lincolnshire, said yesterday 
at Merton college, (as Mr. Pointer told me yester- 
day in the afternoon,) that one Mr. Wylde, a gentle- 
man commoner, going by St. John Baptist's church 
in Nov. 1695, Mr. Ant. a Wood being in the church 
and a grave digging, Mr. Wylde asked Mr. Wood 
who 'twas for. For myself, replies Mr. Wood, the 
nature of my distemper being such, m%. the strangury, 
that I can live but a very little while. How true 
this may be I cannot say, but I have very often 
heard from persons of good credit, that Mr. Wood in 
that distemper walked to the place where he de- 
signed to be buried, pointed to it, and gave direc- 

3 A 2 



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724 R£LIQUIy& 17^0. 

tions about digging the grave, and some have added, 
that he saw part, if not al], of the grave dug him- 
self. 



April 8. Yesterday I had a letter from mj friend 
Mr. Wm. Brome of Ewithington, of the 28th of last 
month, in which he tells me, that the week before 
there died at Fownehope, 4 miles from Hereford, 
our good friend Mr. Patrick Gordon, one of the 
worthyest and most learned men belonging to the 
church of Hereford. Mr. Brome says he alwayes 
enquired very kindly after me. The said Mr. Gor- 
don was certainly a very learned man. He had been 
professor of Hebrew and Humanity at Aberdeen. 
At the Revolution he was one of the ejected Scotish 
episcopal clergy. Thence he came into England, 
and was made master of the free school at Bray 
near Maidenhead in Berks, where he was, after the 
year 1690, (it was about the beginning of 169S,) 
the very first master I had for the Liatin tongue, for 
I learned my accidence of him. After some time 
leaving the school, (being succeeded by Mr. James 
Gibson, who vras my second master, and was so till I 
came to the university,) he was preferred in Here- 
fordshire, and WBB one of the prebendaries of Here- 
ford. He married in the said county of Here- 
ford, but, I think, had no children. I know not 
whether he ever published any thing, but I remem- 
ber when the "Scotch Presbyterian Eloquence*' came 
out, when I was a boy, some said they believed him 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 725 

to be the author. He was a man that had a very 
great affection for me when he was my master, as 
bad also my second master, particularly for my dili- 
gence and promptness, which they both admired, and 
would often say that I needed no spur, and indeed 
(if I may be allowed to note this) I was never 
whipped by either of them, notwithstanding they 
were both severe enough to such as deserved cor- 
rection. 

AjhH 4. On the 1st inst., being Wednesday, Mr. 
Robert Wood, nephew of Ant. Wood, told me that 
he is 68 years old. He said he thought his uncle 
Antony had been 66 years old at least, whereas (as 
I told him) he was not compleat 63. He said (and 
so have others) that he looked as if he had been 
fourscore. He said there is a paint of Antony in 
the hands of Mr. Thos. Wood, a young gentleman 
now of New coll., of which he is like to be fellow, 
son of the late Dr. Thos. Wood, brother to this Mr. 
Robert Wood. This picture, he said, is very little 
like Antony, being done when he was young, and 
under is put Ant. h, Bosco. He said he was at 
London when his said uncle Antony died« He 
said they were burning his papers two or three days, 
the maid constantly tending the fire whilst it was 
doing, and 'twas before Antony died. He said his 
(Mr. Robert Wood's) sister had abundance of little 
papers and little books containing memorandums 

3a3 



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72f> RELIQULE 1730. 

written by Antony, who used to write down every- 
thing, but that they are now destroyed and lost. 

May 1. Mr. Ward, of Barford near Warwick, 
lent me "A vewe of Weston park in Hartfordshire," 
as follows : 

This is the vewe taken within the parke of Weston, by 
Baldok in the oovnte of Herteforde, now in the kynge's 
handes our souerayn lord the iii^^ day of Januarii in the 
xxii"** yere of kyng Herre the Vllth, by Rawff Farolow, 
gentylman, Thomas Devynysohe, Richard Isod, John Har- 
mer, John Bamford, Thomas Vnderwod, yomen, Wyllyam 
Isod, Wyllyam Warant, Wyllyam Bombold, Thomas Isod, 
John Irlond and Bobt. Warant, sayth y^ at y« day of y« 
makyng herof that ther wer within the sayd park uppon 
ther onesty by ther perfyt syght of all manner der reoeivyd 
and aoampyd viii score der, and as for the lodyche within 
the sayd parke, the for sayd Bawff and hys company sayth 
y^ yt ys in decay of all Uiynges towchyng re^^aoyons of the 
sayd h6ws and abowt the lodyche to the some of xl mrk. 
Farthermer the sayd Rawff & hys company sayth that the 
heddysche of the sayd parke ys in decay of heddyschybg, 
whych most nedes be mad xx^ soor poll whyche wyll cost 
every poll iii<* & the old wod In wyttnes to thys they 

ven the sayd Rawff & hys company hath set to ther 

seles the day & yer abowe wrytten. 

Mr. Ward at the same tinie lent me a MS. paper 
thus : 

The hospytaU lande. 

Inprimis A capitall measuage, called the hospitall, wth 
three acres of pasture thereunto adioininge. 



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1730. HEAUNIANiE. 7^7 

A dose arrable in seTerall oonteininge fower acres called 
the Spittell close. 

Also one wood conteininge twentie acres called Spittell 
wood. 

Also fowrtene acres of meadowe lienge in severall, beinge 
in a close called Spittell meade. 

Also eight acres of arrable land lienge in Wallington 
field. 

There is also lienge dispersed diversly in the parishe of 
Clothall twentie acres or theraboutes. Some lie in Bush- 
den field, but the number is unknowen. 

Indorsed 7%« HoBpiiaU Land cU ClathaU ^c. 

Copies of another MS. paper I received at the 
same time, indorsed Charge qf Clothall. 

There is a free chappie, called the free chappie of 
Clothall, in the countie of Hertf., to wch. doth belonge cc 
acres of medow, wood, pasture and arrable lande lyeng in 
Gothall Weston Quixwood and Buckland in the county 
aforesaid, now possessed by Georg Burgoyn gent, and 
Tho. Burgoyn gent., wch. chappie and landes are 
graunted in ffee to be held in socag by her majesties 
letters patentes. To prove that the same was such a free 
chappie as ought [to] come to hir Matie by the statut of 
Ao. 1. E. Vlti yt is certified in A*». xxvi^^ H. 8. to be con- 
tributory to the payment of first fruites and tenthes. Af- 
terwards upon the generall certificat of all free chappies 
and chauntryes made in A^*. xxxvii. H. 8. it is agayn there 
certified by commission out of the court of chauneery, and 
returned into the eschequir that yt was a free chappie 
founded for the mayntenance of a priest; of wch. free 
chappie and landes neither of the said Mr. Burgoynes have 
any estate from hir highnes or any hir progenitors : both 

3 a4 



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728 RELIQUIAE 1780, 

the Mad oertifioates and inquiBioons are remayning of record 
in the eschequir^ 



May 4. Dr. George Abbot, master of university 
college, in the third year of his Vice-Chancellorship 
did this piece of service for the university of Oxford, 
as to retrieve a book of Epistles written to and by 
the university, which had been long lost, and being 
found by the Dr. at Winchester, (of which place he 
was dean,) he restored it to the university, and took 
care to have it lodged in the university archives, as 
Mr. Twyne informs us in p. S64 of his ApoL Mr. 
Twyne mentions this upon account of a matter of 
fBiCt that fell out about the year 1465. 

The said vol. of Letters is now among the uni« 
versity muniments in the school tower. There is 
another vol. of the Univ. Letters (being a continua- 
tion of the other vol.) in Bodley's Archives, A. 166, 
ab A^. 1508 et A«, 1597. 

May 9. Mr. Twyne, in p. 380 of his Apology, 
takes notice of a great mistake in Robert Hare's 
Memorabilia, of Cantabrigue for Oxonue^ as if the 
scholars had went from Cambridge to Northampton, 
and began to settle an university there upon account 
of the contest A^ 1246 ; whereas there was no such 
difference then at Cambridge, (which was not in- 
deed then become an university,) but it was at 

* Mr. Wtrd, at the same time, lent Hearne other deeds and grants'rdatife 
to ClothaU, in Latin, which are only omitted here to save the space. 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 729 

Oxford ; and 'twas certainly from Oxford that the 
flcholars went on that account, the affironts they had 
received from the townsmen of Oxford being so very 
great that they could not bear with them. But they 
continued not long from Oxford, matters being made 
up much to the advantage of the scholars : but 'twas 
very much against the inhabitants of Northampton's 
inclinations and desires, that schools began to be 
opened there should be shut up, and a stop put to 
the prospect they were in of their town becoming 
an university. 

May 16. On the tenth inst., being Sunday, meet- 
ing Mr. Thos. Wood of the Racket court upon Magd. 
bridge as I was walking, between eleven and twelve 
o'clock, to Headington to dinner, he told me that 
his uncle Antony was not ill used at Merton college, 
or ejected the common room upon account of any 
difference with the college, but that the ill will 
shewed him there was only by sir Tho. Clayton and 
dr Thomas's party, because Antony used to give no 
better character of him than that he was head of 
Merton college and a knight. 

May 36. Richard I. was bom at Oxon. A^. 1157. 
He instituted the first mayor of Oxon., (as he did of 
London,) and two aldermen, Henry HI. adding two 
more. He received the citizens of Oxon. into the 
same rights and privileges with the citizens of Lon- 
don, and gave the mayor of Oxon. a privilege of 
being his butler on the day of his coronation ; and 



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730 RELIQUIiE 1730. 

all this favour was granted by him because of his 
being born at Oxford. These privileges have been 
confirmed by many following kings, and the citizens 
of Oxford enjoy them to this day. See Brian 
Twyne's Apol. p. 234. 

May 31. Thos. Oascoign remarks in his Theolo- 
gical Dictionary, (as I find by a specimen thereof 
communicated to me by Dr. Tanner,) that in old 
time, wheq law and law-suits were not minded in 
Oxford, good letters flourished far more than when 
contests in law arose and were followed, and 'twas 
(it seems) at that time that there happened to be 
30,000 students at Oxford. He speaks of this under 
the word Lex. 

Anno 13275 the mayor and citizens of Oxford, 
(Edmund de la Beche being head,) joyning them- 
selves with the townsmen of Abington, went at mid- 
night in a great body with torches and candles, and 
burnt the manor of Northcote, belonging to the 
abbey of Abington ; after which they set upon the 
abbey itself, and ransacked it in a terrible manner, 
partly killing and partly putting to flight the monks ; 
for which the ringleaders were afterwards hanged at 
Wallingford, as appears from the History of the 
Abbey of Abington, quoted by Mr. Twyne in p. 299 
of his Apology. Which History is (without doubt) 
very worthy to be read all over by such as have an 
opportunity. 

June 1. It seemn the university of Oxford was so 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 731 

damaged by the before-mentioned riot and disturb- 
ance at Abingdon, that had not the scholars of 
Merton coll. continued, very few would have re- 
mained to carry on the university aflairs, as Mr. 
Twyne observes, p. 299, from Mr. Stow, and from 
certain verses of an uncertain author de revocandis 
seholaribuSy which the said Mr. Twyne found pre- 
fixed to Master Dumbleton's Quaestions in Merton 
coll. library. 

June 8. This spring (17S0) they pulled down the 
old Idtchin and hall of All Souls' coll., and now 
they are building new ones, which though they may 
be perhaps more fine in appearance, yet all that I 
have heard speak thereof say they will be nothing 
near so strong as the old ones, which were built as 
if the founder designed they should last for ever. 

The church of St. Mary in Oxford was the prin- 
cipal or chief church of the clerus or scholars (for 
that was the meaning of clerus in those times) in 
the reign of Edward II., as Brian Twyne observes 
p. 301 of his Apology, but how long before that 
time it was so, I cannot at present tell precisely, 
tho' no doubt but it was some years. 

St.Frideswide's fair was in old time a most famous 
thing, and merchants and tradesmen used to come 
thither from all parts. It was first granted by 
Hen. I. to be kept within the bounds of the priory 
of St. Frideswide every year, upon the feast of St. 
Benedict, Jan. 12th, for twelve days together, which 



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732 RELIQUIiE 1730. 

afterwardd Hen. III. translated to St. Frideswide's 
day, 19th Oct. It was kept in St. Frideswide's 
meadow. During the fair the prior of St. Frides- 
wide's had vast privileges, and as soon as it began, 
the keys of all the gates of the city used to be sur- 
rendered or delivered up to him by the mayor and 
bailyffis in token of his having the custody of the 
whole village of Oxford at that time, during which 
the religious of that place had the custody of assize 
of bread and ale, and of weights and measures. But 
it seems great complaints were made in the time of 
Edw. Hid of the remissness or negligence of the 
canons of St. Frideswide in this affair, which indeed 
was. so great, that afterwards in the reign of Rich. II. 
the chancellour of the university put out an edict 
forbidding the merchants to come there any more, 
and commanding the affair to be discontinued ; and 
thereupon the scholars would have tlirown down 
their booths, broke the cords, and done other mis- 
chief, had not the king's officer at arms come to 
Oxford, and protected the canons from the rage of 
the scholars. See Brian Twyne, p. 305. 

June 10. On Thursday June 4th, 1730, the earl 
of Oxford (Edw. Harley) was at my room at Edm. 
hall from ten o'clock in the morning till a little after 
IS o'clock, together with Dr. Conyers Middleton, of 
Trin. coll. Camb., and my lord's nephew, the hon^ 
Mr. Hay of Christ Church, and Mr. Murray of 
Christ Church. A convocation had been called in 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 733 

the morning about 8 o'clock by Mr. Whistler, one 
of the yeomen beadles, to be held at 2 o'clock in the 
afternoon. About 11 o'clock Mr. Whistler came to 
my lord at my room, with the Vice-Chancellor^s 
service to my lord, telling him, that the Vice-Chan- 
cellor would wait upon his lordship at his lodgings 
at sir John Boyce's at 2 o'clock. My lord modestly 
replyed, he would wait upon the yice-Chancellor at 
his (the Vice-Chancellor's own) lodgings, but re- 
collecting a little, he told Whistler (who had his 
beadle's staff all the time in his hand) he would be 
at home to expect the Vice-Chancellor, his service 
at the same time. Then Mr. Whistler addressed 
himself to Dr. Middleton, telling him, the Vice- 
Chancellor presented him with his service, and 
offered, that if he pleased he would have him have 
the degree of Dr. of Div. conferred upon him by 
way of being presented ad eundem, that is, that he 
should have the same honour here with respect to 
the degree of D.D. as he had at Cambridge. The 
Dr. returned his t>ervice to the Vice-Chancellor, 
and said, he accepted of the office as a great honour. 
Mr. Whistler went off, but returned soon back, and 
desired the Dr. would write down his name, which 
accordingly he did. My lord after this stayed with 
me 'till after twelve, and then went off with Dr. 
Middleton, Mr. Hay, and Mr. Murray, two men- 
servants waiting all this time below. My lord all 
the time he was with me diverted himself with look- 
ing u{>on books, and in useiull beneficiall discourse. 



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734 RELIQUIiE 1730. 

At two o'clock the convocation was held» and a great 
concourse there was. My lady Oxford and my lady 
Margaret, the earl's daughter and only child, being 
there ; my lord (who had many years before had the 
honorary degree of M.A. conferred on him) was 
created Dr. of Civil Law, and Dr. Middleton was 
presented to the degree of D.D., that is, admitted 
to what he had before had in Cambridge. My lord 
was presented by Dr. Thompson, LL.D., of St. John's 
coll.; who spoke, as I hear, chiefly about his skill 
in politics, instead of his being a great friend to 
learning, and of his making a most noble collection 
of books written and printed. Dr. Middleton was 
presented ad eundem by the Margaret professor. 
Dr. Jenner. My lord &c. went out of town on 
Saturday morning, June 6th, in order for Wimpole, 
but to see several places of note as they went along. 

June 21. Thomas Grascoigne in verbo Rex telb 
us that Hen. V. designed to have reformed the uni« 
versity of Oxford and the statutes that had been 
made by young men, so as that no statute afterwards 
should be dispensed with by the regents, and to 
have founded a college of divines, to which he would 
have annexed all the alien priories in England, but 
being prevented by death, his son Hen. VI. gave 
them to Eaton college, and to St. Nicholas, i, e. 
King's college in Cambridge. 

June 22. Henry V. designed that his college 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 735 

should have been at Oxford in the castle, and was 
to have been built just in the same manner as King's 
college was after built (at least begun to be built, 
for only the chappell was finished) at Cambridge, 
"lis pity this design had not taken effect, and I think 
'tis pitj that some such college hath not been since 
built in the castle of Oxford, which would be a most 
glorious ornament to the university and city of 
Oxford. 

June 29. The townsmen of Oxford, being very 
much against the privileges of the university, in a 
parliament begun at Glos'ter by Hen. IV. petitioned, 
with the Berkshire men, that the king's charter, by 
which the scholars were to be tryed by no other 
judge in quibuscunque proditionis felanue et ma" 
hennii qu{est%onibus but their own steward, should 
be revoked ; and this petition was of such force that 
A". X*' 1410 in the parliament at Westminster an 
attempt was made to diminish the university of 
Oxford 8 privileges, but without effect ; the king, on 
the contrary, granting that the chancellour of Oxford 
might at the end of 20 years signify to the chan- 
cellour of England the names of such as disturbed 
the peace of the university ; a privilege which the 
university may still, if they please, make use of. See 
Twyne, p. 318. 

July 3. The three scholars that were hanged by 
the townsmen of Oxford were much talked of, and 



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736 RELIQUIiE 1730. 

afforded matter to some historians, particularly to 
Matth. Paris. The punishmeiit of the townesmen 
was, to go to every church in Oxon. barefooted and 
barebacked, with rods in theilr hands, and to receive 
absolution from the parish priests, and to pay a mark 
of silver every year to the scholars, which the townes- 
men got taken off afterwards, upon their giving part 
of the land called Middeney to Osney abbey, upon 
condition that the abbat of Osney every year paid a 
mark to the prior of StFrideswyde for the use of the 
university. Moreover, they were to entertain with a 
handsome collation, every year upon St. Nicholas* 
day, an hundred poor scholars, the abbat of Eyn- 
sham being to pay sixteen shillings yearly for the 
collation or banquet, which when the said abbat of 
Eynsham afterwards refused, he was cited to the 
chancellour's court, and was cast. See Br. Twyne, 
p. 369. 

July 13. Mr. Baker tells me that he corresponded 
with bp. Burnett, and is one of those few that must al- 
ways speak well of him ; for tho' he used great freedom 
in censuring and correcting his two first vols, of the 
History of the Reformation, (as we find in the last,) 
such as might have justly drawn down his resent- 
ments upon him, yet he treated him like a friend, 
and a man of honour ; and Mr. Bedford being then 
under confinement, at Mr. Baker's request he had 
undertaken to sollicite his afiaire, and would (Mr. 
Baker believes) have then effected it, had he not 



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1730. HEARNIAN.E. 737 

died whilst it was in agitation ; and Mr. Baker had 
the last letter from him, probably, he ever wrote, 
dated the day before he was taken ill of that dis- 
temper whereof he died. " This,** says Mr. Baker, 
" I must always thankfully remember.** 

July 15. On Tuesday morning, July 14, 1730, 
died Mr. Sam. Parker, son of Dr. Sam. Parker, late 
bp. of Oxon. This gentleman, who was once of 
Trin. coll. Oxon , but left it without a degree upon 
account of the oaths, hath written and published 
many things, such as, an Epitome of the Eccle- 
siastical Historians^ Censura Temporum^ Biblio- 
theca Biblica ^c, the best part of which book are 
the occasional annotations, most, if not all, -of which 
were done by other hands. I hear be had a dropsy, 
and that he took his bed last Saturday. He was, as 
I take it, fifty-two years of age. He hath left a 
widow (one of the daughters of the late Mr. Henry 
Clements, of Oxford, bookseller) and many children,, 
the eldest of which, Samuel, from the trade of a 
leather gilder became dark of Magd. coll. Oxon. 
last Easter term. He was buried in the church of 
St. Peter in the East on Friday night, July 17th, 
following. 

•Tuly 27. To bp. Burnet Mr. Baker hath no more 
to say, than that, instead of compliances, he gave 
him the highest provocations, such as most men 
M'ould have highly resented, but few (besides him- 

3b 



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738 RELIQUIiE IJSO. 

self) would have printed. " But my principle," 8ays 
Mr. Baker, ^* is not so high as you may imagine ; I 
bold communion with the establisht church, the 
new communion I do not understand." Letter of 
July 22nd. ^, 

August 1. I have been told for certain that, at 
the court at London, the non-jurors are esteemed to 
be the honestest part of the nation, and that even 
Caroline says so herself. I am also certainly in- 
formed that the non-juring Church of England gains 
ground in London every day. 

August 14. What number of MSS. lord Oxford 
is possessed of Mr. Baker cannot say, but he thinks 
Mr. Wanley once told him he had 14,000 cartie 
antiquiey which will go a great way towards half 
the number I spoke of to Mr. Baker, which was a 
matter of 30,000 MSS. Indeed, I have often beard 
Mr. Thwaites speak of the vast number of ancient 
eart€e in the Harleian library ; not that I presume 
he was so well acquainted with the library himself, 
tho' I believe he saw it more than once in the earFs 
time, but from his acquaintance with Dr. Hickes and 
Mr. Wanley, who were wont often to speak and dis- 
course thereof to Mr. Thwaites, who had a very great 
hand in the Thesaurus Unguarum Septentrionetlium^ 
as Dr. Hickes hath gratefully acknowledged. Most 
of the said old cartie belonged formerly to sir Simonds 
D'Ewes, a man undoubtedly of great skill in af&irs 
of this kind. 



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1730. HEARNIANA'. 739 

August 37. Copy of part of a letter I wrote to 
day to Mr. Baker of Cambridge. 

^* I want, if I oould get it, something more about Mr. 
Abraham Woodhead than hath been said by Mr. Wood. 
Tho' he was a Roman oatholio, yet I always looked upon him 
to have been one of the greatest men that ever were bred 
in England. Old Will. Rogers of Oloucestershire (now 
dead) was his great acquaintance, (as he was also well 
acquainted with Mr. Ob. Walker and Mr. A. Wood,) and 
used to tell me that Mr. Woodhead wrote a book of op- 
ticks^ and that he was certainly the author of The Whole 
Ihiiy of Man 8fc. And indeed some others have also 
imagined Mr. Woodhead to have been the author. I am 
told lately that Mr. Vinter (who was a contemporary of 
Mr. Woodhead'^s, and an Oxfordian) informed a certain 
worthy lady, that be askt Mr. Woodhead whether he was 
the author of The Whole Duty of Man^ and he made no 
answer ; which, considering the great modesty and humility 
of Mr. Woodhead, might incline some to think to be a suf- 
ficient proof of his being really the author ; and yet, to 
speak my mind freely, I cannot believe that he was the 
author, especially when I reflect with myself upon what 
was told me on Aug. 24, 1706, by a very learned friend of 
mine, who hath been dead more than twenty years, viz. 
that being in discourse (about the year 168S) with bp. 
Fell in his lodgings at Christ Church, (the occasion of 
which discourse my friend did not tell me, nor indeed is it 
material to know,) the bp. told him most solemnly, that he 
believed that he was the only man then alive in England who 
knew who was the author of The Whole Duty of Man. At 
that time Mr. Ob. Walker was living and in England, and 
was the man with whom Mr. Woodhead had communi- 
cated his secrets, and had he known who the author was, 

3bS 



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740 RELIQUliE 17S0. 

the bp^ would not have spoken thus. I wish with all my 
heart this good prelate had entrusted my friend or any 
other friend with the secret, that the excellent and pious 
author might have his deserved tho' undesigned praise in 
this world, as he has already his reward in the other. 
Some have likewise suggested that archbp. Sancroft was 
author, but this is still more unlikely than Mr. Woodhead. 
I say tio more on this occasion, unless it be that many 
years ago was given to the Bodleian library the original 
MS., the very book from which 'twas printed, as appears 
(as I remember) from the printer's marks, of T7te Causes of 
the Decay ofXtian Piety. This book I placed in the libraiy 
tnyself, (for 'twas before I was debarred,) and before '^twas 
placed there it was shewed to Dr. Henry Aldrich, who said 
he believed 'twas not the author's own hand, but that 'twas 
written in a disguised hand by bp. FeU : of which opinion 
I am also, t having often seen the bp.'s handwritmg." 

Sept 17. Dr. Wall, who wrote of infiotnt baptism, 
18 lately dead. I am well assured that this great 
man*8 study is not worth in all above twenty pounds. 
He read what be bad, but had not money to pur- 
chase, and 'tis a shame he was not preferred. 

Sept. 29. The old congregation house near St. 
Marie's church Oxon., and in the cemitery of the 
said church, was formerly called the Sendyhaws. 
So in Mr. West's MS. fol. in vellum relating to 
Mancestre in Warwickshire. 

Oct. 18. The old congregation house of the univ. 
of Oxford was built originally by a certain old scholar 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 741 

long before St. Marie's church was united and ap- 
propriated to Oriel college. Thomas Arundel, at 
that time archbp. of Cant., gave 50 marks to Oriel 
college to part with their right, upon condition that 
they receive a penny a year, so that afterwards it 
should belong for ever to the university. I know 
not who that certain old scholar that built it was, 
but am apt to think it was originally built in k. 
Alfred's time, though it may be rebuilt afterwards 
even before Arundel's purchase. 

From vol. 128, p. 56. Mr. George Ballard, of 
Campden in Gloucestershire, hath lent me a folio 
MS. in English containing as follows : 

I. An deuise of a seaman touching the expedition in- 
tended against the Turkish pyrates, written by Nathaniell 
Knotty gent.^ and by him dedicated to the most reverend 
father in God William, by Divine Providence lord archbp. 
of Ganturburie, primate and metropolitan of all England, 
A°^ Begni Garoli Begis 10^. an^que Domini 1684. 

P. 9. And that I may beginne first with them whom I 
haue placed first, I must call to your mindes the great 
abuses that of late yeares hath taken possession of viotuall- 
inge of his Ma*>«'* nauie, who not remeinbringe the libe- 
ralitie and large allowance of his Ma^®, or forgettinge it of 
purpose, outt the saylors shorte of their allowance, see that 
they haue not see much or see good as they are payed for, 
and where they are preuented in the ^first they exceed in ^ 
the latter. Our eyes haue scene the many hoggsheads of 
beere which in a voyage haue beene drawne ouerboarde, 
and that not in the end of a voyage, woh. might haue pal- 
liated their falsehood, but within one moneth after they 

3b 3 



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742 RELIQUIiE 17S0. 

first sett saile. The damroages that ensue hinoe are mofe 
then at first seight they seeme, for this is the originall of 
those diseases weh haunts ours more then the shipps of 
other nations. The brewer hath gotten the art to sophis- 
ticate his beere wth broome insteed of hopps, and ashes in- 
stead of malt, and, to make it looke the more lonely, to pickle 
it with salt water : soe that whilst it is newe it shall seem- 
ingly bee worthie of praise, but in one moneth labor wax 
worse then stinkinge water. There are some places for 
this arte more noated then others, but I passe them oner 
in sUence, you may bee sure it is where most beere is brewed 
for this use. There are of theis disorder as of all others 
noe doubt many fauourers who will bee readie to saye that 
the loue of the pott makes me pleade for stronge beere. 
Perhaps such a slanderer scarce deserues of the kingdome 
a drau^t of common water to wash his inkie moutL 
Howbeit wee will endeauour to give him satisfaction, for 
first of all I doe not pleade for stronge beere but whole- 
some. Secondly I will make it appeare that in this consists 
the ruyne or happie successe of the voyage : for if either 
they cast the beere ouerboard, or drinke it, the voyage is at 
an end, the first way through want, the next by diseases 
that are ingendred by vnwholsome beere. Little do theis 
monster bellied brewes [sic] thinke, or if they doe they 
make lesse conscience of the watchinge labour and miseries 
of a poore saylor in double danger both of the fight and of 
shippwrack, by day parched w^ the heate of the sunne, by 
night nipt and whipt w^ blustringe tempests, and when 
he is wett cold and hungrie should not the poore soule haue 
a cane of beere to refresh lum, but hee must say mors est in 
oUa when hee drinketh it, or a cake of bread but hee must 
* * [hear some base illiterate person hath taken out three 
leaves, as is noted in the margin of the MS.] 



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J 730. HEARNIANiE. M3 

II. A briefe discourse of the voyadge made by the Eng- 
lish who were sent ouer for the reliefe of the French king, 
vnder the leading of the L. WiDoaghbie. 

III. The voyadge to Calis in Andalozia, faithfully re- 
lated by sir W. Sljmgisbye employed in that sendee. Be- 
gins, ''In the yeare 1596. The qneene's Ma^ of England.'' 

IV. A true relation of the voyage to the iles of Azores 
by the navie and forces of the late queene Elizabeth of 
famous memorie, vnder the conduct of the right hon^^ 
Robert Devorux earle of Essex and Ewe, M^ of the horse 
and ordinance, lord high marciall of England, one of her 
Ma*e'8 priuy councell, and kni^t of the order of the garter, 
in the yeare of our Lord 1597, and about the 25^^ of June 
after the English aocompt, collected and written accord- 
ing to the accidents and occurrences obserued from time to 
time in the royall shipp called the Wastspight by sir Arthur 
Gorges k^. the captaine of the same, with a briefe descrip- 
tion of those ilands and some passes and ooUaterall dis- 
courses incident vnto the matter as occasion is offered. 
Wherevnto are alsoe annexed certaine obsehiations and 
ouertures conceminge the royall nauie and seaseruice ga- 
thered aAd sett downe by the same author. Fides fortibus 
fraus formidolosis. 

P. SO. Besides that much of our beere aboard these 

The abuse of yictuallers that followed our fleet with 

n on rewew. jj^^j^ other prouision was very vile and vn- 
sauory of itselfe, by the great abuse of the victuallers and 
London brewers, as well by the carelesse br^winge as for 
the vnseasonable stinkinge caske which they deliuer, a 
fault much vsed among them and to much tollerated^ con- 
sideringe the infinite rate and gaynes they make of sellinge 
Thames water, beyond all good order and proporcion. 

3b 4 



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744 RELIQUIyE 17^0. 

P. 46. Notwithatandinge the winde begane againe to 

Ontioea Pike bee fauorable^ and soe settinge forwards the 
and Fagall iMde. ^^j^^ ^f j^jje ilands that wee made were Gra- 
tiosa, Pike and Fagall^ and as wee ranged by Gratiosa the 
tenth of September [1697] about twelue of the clocke at 
night wee sawe a large and perfect raynbowe by the moone-> 
A raynbowe light in the bignes and forme of all other 
seene by night, raynbowes, but in ooulor much differinge, for 
it was whitish, but cheifly indyninge to the color of the 
flame of fire. This made vs expect some extraordinary 
tempestuous weather, but indeed it fell out after to be 
very cahne and hatt [sic]. This raynbowe by the moone- 
light I doe the rather take occasion to note, for that I 
„,. ... remember Plinie in his Naturall Historic of 

rlinie his opinion 

of raynebowesby the World Speaking of meteors denieth anie 
'^*' raynebowe to bee seene but opposite to the 

sunne, and neuer in the night season, and yet, saith hee, 
Aristotle reporteth for a raritie that in his tyme there was 
a raynebowe seene by night, but withall afflrmeth that it 
could not bee, but att the full of the moone. But in these 
parts they are very ordinary, as well when the moone is not 
att the full as otherwise, which maketh mee thinke that this 
A reason why the (6ic)ilands were neuer knowne to the Greeks 

"^iL ^'nor Bomaines, nor that those former ages 

ames euBr loiewe ^ 

theis ilands. did trucly conccauc or know many things 
that in this latter times haue been discouered, ffor allthough 
Salomon saith that nothing is new vnder the sunne, which 
noe doubt is most true, (for all things haue had their beeinge 
since the first creacon,) yett all things haue not beene 
knowne in all places and to all men alike, but as the longe 
The adnauntage Ufes of men in the first ages noe doubt made 
h^J^^T ^e ^^^^^ knowledge the greater by the benefitt of 
knowledge of longe obseruaoou, soe againe wee in theis 
many things. latter daics, by the tradition of their know- 



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1730. HEARNIANiE. 74S 

ledge lefte vnto vs and allaoe by the discouery of those 
things w<^ time hath reuealed, haue found out many se* 
crettfl to them vnknowne. 

P. 79. — ^The w«h (I protest) I doe not speake either 
out of any neglect of one that is dead, or to picke a thanek 
of anie that liueth^ but sincerely out of a resolucon to write 
an vnpartiall truths or els to bee silent ; for those spiritts, 
that by base flatterie, seruile feare, or priuate malice, doe 
transport in fashionninge their histories^ are of all other to 
bee reputed the vnworthiest and most pernicious in any 
The histories commonwealth, for wee see that those 
^n flatteries '*®**'*^®^ ^^ J""*® written the stories of 
or partialities. Cyms, Pirrhus, Alexander, Hannibal, Scipio, 
Sylla, Offisar, Pompey, and of aU other those great kings 
and renowned heroes doe as well taxe them for their vices 
as glorifie them for their vertues, for who liues without 
&ult ; and soe sincerely and bouldly doe they followe the 
truth in their writings, as that they are thereby freed from 
malice or reuenge because they are firee from all partiallitie ; 
or if anie spleene arise yett it is secrett, for the prosecution 
of such sinceritie is imputed meere impietie in all sortes, 
and flatt tyrannic in princes. And to conclude this impa- 
tient humour of indureinge riualtie &c. 

Dec. 80. ** London Dec. 24, 1780. One Mar- 
garet Coe, of the parish of St. Saviour Southwark, 
died a few days since in the 104th year of her age. 
She was 21 years of age when king Charles the 
First was beheaded, and was a servant at White- 
hall; she saw the executioner hold up the head 
after he had cut it oS, and remembered the dismal 
groan that was given by the vast multitude of spec- 
tators when the fatal blow was given ; her husband 



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746 RELIQUIiE 1730-^1. 

was afterwards watennan to king Charles the Second, 
and kept his fish ponds in Southwark, which have 
been since filled up : she lived upon milk diet for 
about twenty years past, not eating any flesh all the 
time." Northampton Mercury for Monday Dec. 
28, 1780. 

Jan. 5. Sir Thomas More studied and was edu- 
cated in St. Mary hall at Oxford, about which time 
cardinal Allen, according to Fierbert, presided over 
the said hall. See Br. Twyne, p. 865. 

Feb. 20. Old Mr. Wm. Joyner, who lies buried 
in Holywell churchyard Oxford, (with a tombstone 
over him,) often desired Mr. Kyraber to be his ex- 
ecutor. But he declined it ; tho' be wished he had, 
because after his death, when they examined his 
books, they found money stuck in almost every one 
of them, in all to the value of three or four hundred 
pounds : which I take to be the reason why he never 
would let one see his study, tho' often desired to do 
it. I was acquainted with Mr. Joyner, and used to 
visit him at the mannour house at Holywell, where 
he lodged, after dinner, it being his desire I would 
come at that time, because of his going to bed al- 
ways at four in the evening, and rising at four in the 
morning. When I used to be with him he would 
often mention his books as curious in their kind, but 
I could never get him to shew me one, which must 
be for the foresaid reason ; yet when he died, 



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1731. HEARNIANiE. 747 

it appeared that the books were but ordinary. 
He would talk very pleasantly, and have a pint of 
ale by himself, and a very hard crust. He used to 
say he loved an old protestant, but could not endure 
the puritans. Mr. Wood hath an account of two 
things that he printed. His account of cardinal 
Poole is but a mean thing. When he gave it to 
Mr. Obadiah Walker, Mr. Walker afterwards said 
to him, " Mr. Joyner, I like your book weH, only you 
" mention puritans before they were in being.*' 
" Oh," says Joyner, " they are the greatest rogues 
" upon the face of the earth," " Very well," says 
Mr. Walker, " then I like your reason for mention- 
** ing them very well." 

Mr. Joyner told me Mr. Wood used often to come 
to him, and that he told him many stories which he 
(Mr. Wood) penned down in his presence, and when 
any thing pleased Mr. Wood, he would alleys cry 
HufUy upon which Mr. Joyner would go on to ex- 
patiate. Mr. Joyner told me also to bring my pen 
and ink, and write down what old stories he should 
tell me ; " and when you say Hum,'' says he, " then 
" I shall know that you are pleased, and will go on. " 
But I never did, though I was with him many times 
when I was a young master of arts. 

March 14. From a MS. paper shew'd me by the 
rev. Mr. John Ball, who is now printing Spenser's 
Pastoral Kalendar in English and Latin. 

" From a MS. of Nicholas Stone esq., master mason to 



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748 RELIQUIAE 17»1. 

" their majeeties king James y^ firsts and afterwards to 
*' king Charles the first. 

" I also mad a monement for M«^ Spencer the pooett, 
'^ and set it up at Wesmester, for which the oontes <^ 
" Dorsett payed me 4015."^ 

It is to be remarked, that this monument was 
erected about 1619» as it appears in this book of 
Mr. Stone's handwriting. 

Also, that the date of 1510> when Spenser was 
bom, is erroneous. It ought to be 1550. 

April 13. The Royal Society sinks every day in 
it's credit both at home and abroad, occasioned in 
some measure by it s new statutes for election of 
foreigners and natives, by posting up their names in 
the public room for ten weeks together, and perhaps 
at last vnth much difficulty electing them. Tis 
observable (what I have been told by one of the 
fellows thereof) that this Society is now as much 
tinged with party principles as any publick body, and 
Whigg and Tory are terms better known than the 
naturalist, mathematician, or antiquary. 

April 19* Dr. Rawlinson hath lent me, 
j4 true relation of some Passages which passed 
at Madrid in the year 1623 by prince Charles, 
being then in Spain prosecuting the match with the 
ladtf Infanta. As also severaU observations of 
eleven ominous presages^ some qf them hapning 
in the same year whilst the said Prince was in 



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17S1. HEARNIANiE. 749 

Spain f the rest of them hapned Jrom that time 
until Me death. With a diecavertf of some of the 
wayes which the then Popish Bps. used to bring 
Poperie into this JValion. By a Lover of the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ and the welfare of this 
nation. Printed at London 1655, ^to, in 20 pp. 

April 21. The author, whoever he was, of the 
said pamphlett ascribes the original of king Charles 
Ist*s ruin to his neglect of searching into and ex- 
amining to the full the murther of sir Thomas 
Overbury, which however I fear is false; at least 
coming from such a writer the story is liable 
to suspicion. His words are, p. 5. '^ But the first 
** foundation of his ruin and all their posterity was 
'* laid by his fiather king James ; for in the matter 
'* of sir Thos. Overbury his death, he did send for 
** the judges and gave them a strict charge to ex- 
^ amine the matter throughly concerning the death 
** of sir Thos. Overbury ; and did imprecate God's 
** curse upon them if they did not discover it to the 
** full ; and did upon his knees call for a curse from 
" God, and desired that Grod would never prosper 
** him nor any of his posterity, if he did spare any 
** guilty person that had a hand in that poisonous 
'^ murther : and the judges having prosecuted the 
*' business so &r that they found Sommerset and his 
** lady to be the chief actors in this murther, for 
'^ they found that Sommerset did write a friendly 
'' letter to sir Thos. Overbury that he would use all 



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750 RELIQUIiE USi. 

'' the wayes and meaQS to get his inlargement that 
'' possibly he could, and in that letter he sent him a 
'' paper of powder for him to take, as being the best 
^' thing that himself took in his sicknesse, (sir Thos. 
" being then sick of poyson sent him before,) but 
" this powder which was sent in this letter was a 
" poyson of a lingering nature, whereof (with some 
" other poyson which Mrs. Turner had sent him of 
'' the like nature) he died, and after it was found 
^ out, there was justice done upon many of the act- 
" ors, whereof Weston was the first, then sir Janris 
** Elway the then lieutenant of the Tower was the 
'* next that suffered, and after him Mrs. Turner was 
'^ also hangeil, besides others ; and when it was punc- 
'' tually proved that Summerset and his lady were 
" found to be the chief actors of this murther, and 
*^ that he himself had sent the poyson aforesaid, the 
.*^ king, contrary to the curse which he had formerly 
'' called from heayen upon himself and all his pos- 
" terity, did pardon both him and her, after the lord 
** Coke had passed sentence of death upon them ;- 
•* and the lord Coke was ever after in disgrace with 
. ^' the king for passing this sentence against them, 
'^ and for some other small matter which he crossed 
'' the king's humour in ; and so this noble gentle- 
'* man was poysoned, for no, other cause but for 
'' opposing Summerset in the marriage of Essex his 
*' wife. But the Lord did shew a great example 
'^ upon them both, but especially upon her, for she 
** died a more loathsome death than any woman ever 



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1731. 



HEARNIANiE. 



751 



^ died, but for civilities' sake I i¥ill forbear the par- 
" ticulars thereof** — 



May 22. The custom of the gambone of bacon is 
still kept up at Dunmowe, as I am told by Mr. 
Loveday of Magd. coll , who returned home on 
Thursday last, May 20, from whom I had what fol- 
lows this morning. 



Dunmow 
nuperPriorat. 



At a court barren of the right worship- 
full sir Thos. May, knight, there holden on 
Friday the 27th day of June in the year 
of our Lord 1701, before Thomas Wheeler, 
gent.^ steward of the said manor, it is thus 
enrolled. 



' Elizabeth Beaumont, spinster. 

Henrietta Beaumont, spinster. 
Homage S Annabella Beaumont, spinster. ^ Jur. 

Jane Beaumont, spinster. 
. Mary Wheeler, spinster. 

Be it remembered that at this court it is found and pre- 
sented by the homage aforesaid, that Wm. Parsley and 
Jane his wife have been married for the space of three 
years last past, and it is likewise found and presented by 
the homage aforesaid that Wm. Parsley and Jane his wife, 
by means of their quiet and peaceable, tender and loving 
cohabitation for the space of three years aforesaid, are fit 
and qualified persons to be admitted by the court to receive 
the ancient and accustomed oath whereby to entitle them- 
selves to have the bacon of Dunmow delivered unto them, 
according to the custom of the manor. Whereupon at 
this court, in full and open court, came the said Wm. 



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752 RELIQUIiE 1731. 

Parsley and Jane his wife in their persons, and humbly 
prayed they might be admitted to take the oath ; where- 
upon the steward with the jury, suitors, and other officers, 
proceeding with the usual solemnity to the ancient and 
aooustomed place for the administration of the oath, and 
receiving the said bacon ; that is to* say, two great stones 
lying near the church door, where the said Wm. Parsley 
and Jane his wife kneeling down on the two stones, the 
said steward did administer the oath in these words, or to 
the eflbct following. 

You do swear by the custom of confession, 
That you never made nuptial transgression ; 
Nor since you were married man and wife, 
By household brawls or contentious strife, 
Or otherwise at bed or at board 
Offended each other in deed or in word ; 
Or in a twelvemonths time and a day 
Repented not in thought any way ; 
Or since the church clerk said Amen, 
Wished yourselves unmarried again. 
But continue true and in desire, 
As when you joyned hands in holy quire. 

And immediately thereupon Wm. Parsley and Jane his 
wife claiming the said bacon, the court pronounced sen- 
tence for the same in these words, or to the effect fol- 
lowing. 

Since to these conditions without any fear 
Of your own accord you do freely swear, 
A whole gammon of bacon you do receive. 
And bear it away with love and good leave ; 
For this is the custom of Dunmow well-known, 
Tho' the pleasure be ours, the bacon^s your own. 

And accordingly a gammon of bacon was delivered unto 



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1731. HEARNIANiE. 753 

the said Wm. Parsley and Jane his wife, with the usual 
solemnity. 

Examd p' Tho. Wheeler gent., steward, Will". 
Hague. 

July. 28. Yesterday Mr. Richard Peers, vicar of 
Faringdon in Berks, called upon me, and gave roe 
the following note: **At Great Faringdon, Berks, 
^ in an old churchwarden's book of accounts, bearing 
** date 1518, there is the form (as we suppose) of 
^' then admitting churchwardens into their office, in 
" the following words ; vitt. 

" Cherchye wardenys thys shall be your charge to 
be true to God and to the cherche for love nor fevor 
off no man wythe in thys paroche to w*hold any 
ryght to the cherche but to reserve the dettys to 
hyt belongythe or ellys to goo to the devell." 

August 27. In Aldgate church about three weeks 
since was delivered in a paper, desiring that prayers 
might be offered to Almighty God, to inspire his 
majesty to hear the complaints of his subjects, and 
to give him the courage to revenge the injuries done 
them by the Spaniards ; but this the curate thought 
not fit to repeat, though he made no scruple to give 
copies. 

Oct. 26. In Mr, Wood's account of himself, that 
I have printed in Caius, is a speech Mr. Wood made 
and spoke, when he was a youth, at Merton college, 
which shews the custom and humour of that time. 

8c 



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754 RELIQUIiE 1731. 

The custom is since broke off at Merton, but there 
is somethiDg of it remaining at Brazenose and Balliol 
coll., and no where else that I know of. I take the 
original thereof to have been a custom they had for- 
merly, for the young men to say something of their 
founders and benefactors, so that the custom was 
originally very laudable, however afterwards turned 
to ridicule, as there are also abundance of ridiculous 
things in the book called Festival, notwithstanding 
the design of giving an historical narration of the 
saints be commendable, and 'tis pity 'twere not kept 
up, and at the same time an historical narrative in- 
terwoven of founders of churches &c. Ask Mr. 
Baker whether they have any such custom at Cam* 
bridge ? I think Mr. Isham, rector of Lincoln college, 
hath told me that they have. 

N'ov. 4. Mr. Bateman of Christ Church preached 
there last Sunday in the cathedral, and in his prayer 
mentioned Dr. Stratford, who, besides his books to 
the college library, left 120£ per an. to augment the 
students' places. This was so resented by the canons, 
that the subdean afterwards reprimanded him for it ; 
but I am sure 'twas well done in him, and it were 
to be wished all founders and benefactors were duly 
and constantly commemmorated, as they used to be 
in old time in their prones*. I am sure we should 

* T^t word prune is of disputed origin, some deriving it from the Lfttin 
praeanium, written in contracted form ; others from the Greek vpiir—caoii- 
men. The meaning of the word is properly the seat or raised platform from 
which an oration to the people was made : or (i.) the speech itselt 



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1731. HEARNIANiE. 755 

not then be at a loss to know who are founders of, 
and benefactors to churches &c. 



Nov. 16. The histarie of Great Britannie, de- 
claring the successe qf times find affaires in that 
Handf from the Romans first entrance until the 
reign qf Egbert <%c. London, printed by Valentine 
Simmes 1606, 4to, was wrote by John Clapham, no 
very noted author. John Milton (who takes in that 
period) I believe is more read ; and yet even Milton 
was infinitely better at poetry than history. 

Nov. 23. One Barnes of St. Aldates in Oxford, a 
freeman of the city, having set up a waggon last 
summer, to carry goods to and from London, with- 
out the Vice-Chancellor's license, he was put into 
the Vice-Chancellor's court by Mr. Thos. Godfrey 
and the widow Slatford, the two licensed waggoners, 
but he declined appearing, upon which he was com- 
mitted to the castle, where he continued about a 
week, and then was removed by habeas corpus to 
Loudon, where, no one appearing against him, he 
was dismissed immediately, and on Friday Nov. 19'th 
he returned to Oxford in a triumphant manner, with 
a laced hat, as if he designed to insult the uni- 
versity. 

Dec. 6. Mr. West, in his letter from the Inner 
Temple of the 2nd, tells me 'tis still impossible to 
form any guess of ojir loss in the Cotton library. 

8c2 



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756 RELIQUI^ 1731-32. 

They take what pains they can to preserve and re- 
pair such as are damaged, and the learned world 
t)wes this obligation to the present speaker of the 
house of commons [Onslow], whose industry hath 
been very great. Mr. West thinks the number of 
Cotton's MSS. were 965, of which he says 780 are 
entirely saved; so that at that rate 185, and not 
only (as Mr. Gale) 160, are lost. The most valuable, 
he says, yet missed are the Saxon charters preserved 
in the drawers, and the ancient MS. of the book of 
Genesis, which we must ever deplore. Dec. 19. The 
loss at the Cottonian library is said to be very great, 
(as I have several times before suggested,) though 
others dispise it, to excuse Dr. Bentley's great care 
of himself; for by the stove chimney, lighted to air 
one of the rooms, came this accident ; add to this, 
what the fire did not entirely destroy suffered very 
much by water, both very dangerous elements to 
MSS. That brought irom Alexandria is said to be 
safe. Speaker Onslow &c. were present to encou- 
rage the workmen to save what they could, and 
their purses and presence added diligence. The loss 
isMrreparable. Many transcripts are dispersed up 
and down, which now must be looked upon as very 
valuable. 

Jan. 3. Last Sunday in the afternoon preached 
at St. Marie's Mr. Henry Newcome, formerly fellow 
of Brassenose coll., now rector of Didcot in Berks, 
and master of the grammar schole of Ewelm, where. 



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1731-32. HEARNIANiE. 757 

Tiz. at Ewelin, he lives, but never taught so much 
as one boy since he hath had the school, which hath 
been many years, ever since the death of Mr. Howel, 
who was a good man, and diligent in the school, 
which much flourished ; and he did a great deal of 
good there, and was much beloved and much la- 
mented at his death. The sermon Mr. Newcome 
preached at St. Marie's before the university wa& 
the very same, some small matters being altered, 
that Jonathan Colley^ of Christ Church had preached 
likewise before the university last New Year's day, 
or the day of the Circumcision, which was much 
taken notice of and talked of, and as they were just 
as it were the same upon the subject of the circum- 
cision, so they were equally short, hardly a quarter 
of an hour long. There was not above ten or a 
dozen masters to hear Mr. Newcome, but a pretty 
many children (80 or 40 boys) got into the masters^ 
seats, what is unusual. 

Feb. 2. The old spire of All Hallows church in 
Oxford fell down on March 8th, being Friday, in 
the year 1699» and beat some of the church down. 
It was after dinner, and did no hurt, only one stone 
hurt a woman's leg at a small distance from it. It 
was an handsome plain spire, about 50 yards or 52 
yards high, much such a one as that of Shottes- 

^ I hew Binoe Mr. Newcome had lent % MS. toL of sermons, written bj 
Mr. Newcome's father, (who was an ingeniona man, but is dead,) to Mr. CoL> 
ley> and that Mr. Colley copied the sermon. 

3c3 



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758 RELIQUI^ 1731-32. 

brooke in Berks : and 'twas then reported that that 
and the church were built two years before the Con- 
quest. Since the whole church hath been rebuilt 
and a new spire made, the whole work costing about 
five thousand pounds, six hundred pounds of which 
were given by the late bp. of Durham, Dr. Crew : 
the university were great contributors. 

Feb. 19. Dr. Newland of Magd. coll. Oxon. is 
elected Geometry Gresham professor, to which I 
think his being a citizen's son gave him some title 
preferable to others, aeteris paribus. Tis a gentile 
sinecure, and no wonder a learned man did not get 
it, the citizens of London being friends to little else 
but trade. 

Feb. 22. Though Mr. John Andrews, fellow of 
Magd., who is now B.D., was elected keeper of the 
Ashmolean museum on Wednesday April 14th last, 
and put in possession of his place by the Vice-Chau- 
cellor on Saturday following, being April 17th, yet 
Mr. George Hudford S now president of Trin. coll., 
having got three of the hands of the electors, (there 
being but six in all,) Dr. Shippen, principal of Brase- 
nose, who vras one of those three, the bp. of Bristol 
(Dr. Bradshaw) and the professor of Physick (Dr. 
Woodford) being the other two, was all along so 
restless, that he did all that possible he could to get 
Andrevirs out ; and accordingly he (by a most roguish 
trick) prevailed with Mr. Battely of Christ Church 

c Huddesford. 



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1731-32. HEARNIANiE. 759 

and with Mr. Foxley, the two proctors at presentt 
to put their hands to Hndford's paper, who by this 
means had now five votes, though certainly in equity 
the present proctors' votes in this case ought not to 
be regarded in opposition to those of the former 
proctors, when the election was made. . This matter 
so frightened Andrews, and indeed the Vice-Chan* 
cellor himself. Dr. Butler, did not stick by him, 
(being without doubt of Dr. Shippen's mind, what- 
ever outside is put upon it,) that on Monday the 
14th of this inst. Feb. he went to the president of 
Trin. coll., with Dr. Shippen the pro-Vice-Chan- 
cellor, (the Vice-Chancellor himself being absent at 
London, tho', without dispute, he had as a blind left; 
this to Shippen s management,) and surrendered the 
keys to him, and on Saturday last, being the 19th 
inst., the president paid Andrews fifty pounds on 
that account^ a plain argument that he allowed An* 
drews to be the rightful keeper, tho' the invalidity 
of his election had been questioned, as having but 
three votes, it being pretended that the Vice-Chan- 
cellor hath no power of calling a meeting, nor of 
doing more on the occasion than either of the other 
electors. Thid is an astonishing affiur, what the 
university rings of, and 'tis supposed 'twill be of very 
pernicious consequence : for though Andrews be not 
qualifyed with respect to skill, yet, as he was elected, 
he was so far the statutable keeper, and the Vice- 
Chancellor should have stood by him, and not have 
so tamely agreed with Shippen (commonly called 

Sc4 



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760 RELIQUIAE 1732. 

Ferguson <^) to bring in an bead of an bouse. But 
fifty pounds a year being, since Mr. Whiteside's 
deatb, settled upon the keeper, be he where he will, 
'tis designed to be a perfect sinecure, and nothing is 
to be done by the keeper for the honour of learning, 
unless he have a strange inclination to learning, and 
will follow it himself of his own natural genius. 

March 31. There is nothing at Bath but gaiety 
and ludicrous diversions, so that even at London 
there is much more privacy and retirement than at 
Bath, especially since at Bath all people will be ac- 
quainted with one, whether one will or no. 

April 1. On Wednesday last the rector of Lin- 
coln coll., Mr. E. Isham, told me at his lodgings, 
that a fair offer had been made to him of a lady, if 
he had a mind to marry, but he declined it in a very 
handsome manner, (for he read his answer, having 
then just wrote it, and was going to send it by post 
to the gentleman who had wrote to him for the lady, 
to me,) signifying that at present he was not inclined 
to alter his state and condition of life. 

May 3. Mr. George Wigan was some time since 
student of Christ Church, where he was a great and 
a very good tutor. Leaving that place, he became 
principal of New Inn hall upon the death of Dr. 

« Heame says [Jan. 9. 1731] that doctor Shippen was commoiily called 
Fargnson^ from Forgusson the Scottish tricker. 



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1732. HEARNIANiE. 761 

Brabant, but, what hath been much wondered at, 
he hath not had so much as one gownsman entered 
at it ever since he had it, but shutting up the gate 
altogether, he wholly lives in the country, whereas 
'twas expected that he being a disciplinarian, and a 
sober, studious, regular and learned man, would have 
made it flourish in a most remarkable manner. He 
hath been a great while, as I hear, about a work 
concerning the Types of Scripture, he being well 
versed in Hebrew. I hear he hath, since he hath 
been in the country, got considerable knowledge in 
the British language. 

May 11. To ask Dr. Richardson and Mr. Baker, 
whether in a journey into Scotland, it may be safe 
travelling for two or three persons out of the high- 
roads, if they have a mind to seek antiquities, and 
to go into by-roads, and particularly if they have a 
desire to trace the Picts* wall from one' end to the 
other? 

May 18. This day I wrote a letter to Dr. Richard- 
son of North Bierly in Yorkshire, to know if there 
be any danger in travelling into the north out of 
the common roads into by-roads. May 14. In my 
letter yesterday to Dr. Richardson, I likewise asked 
him whether it be best to go by land or by water 
from Edinburgh to St. Andrews and Aberdeen ? I 
put these queries for the sake of Mr. Loveday of 
Magd. coll., who designs to visit those parts. 



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762 EELIQUI^ 1732. 

May 29. Mr. Baker^ in a letter from Cambridge 
of the 14th inst., sent me the account of lieut. 
Bridall alias Brydle's aflbir, and 'tis remarkable. I 
know not of what house this Bridall was^ but he 
was a scholar and a stout couragious man, and a 
great friend of the university privileges. He denied 
subjection to the governour of Oxford, coUonel 
Le^gj who charged him with mutiny. He was lieu- 
tenant of one of the regiments of souldiers raised by 
the university, and exempt from the authority of the 
governour. At a council of war, in which the go- 
vernour col. Legg was president, he was condemned 
to be shot to death. Upon this the matter was re- 
ferred to the house of commons then at Oxford, 
and 'twas considered by them, Sept. 8th, 1645. He 
claimed and insisted upon his privilege, and the 
commons favoured him. What became of it I do 
not yet learn, but suppose that, the commons inter^ 
posing, he was pardoned. 

June 6. This being the day before the beginning 
of term, the Latin sermon before the unir. at St. 
Marie's was preached by that most impudent fellow 
Mr. John Bilstone, chaplain of All Souls* coll., tho' 
he is said to be ignorant of Latin. 

July 11. Yesterday the new chappel (just finidi- 
ed) on the south side next Brewers' lane at Pem*- 
broke college, was consecrated by the bp. 6f Oxford, 
Dr. Potter, and the sermon on the occasion was 



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1732. HEARNIAN/E, 763 

preached there by Dr. Pantmg, master of the col- 
lege. 

July 12. [London, July 4.] " Last week was a 
^ hearing before the rt. rev. the bp. of Winchester, 
** visitor of Magd. coll. Oxford, between the presi- 
** dent and fellows of the said college and one Mr. 
'* Burslam, he claiming a Lincolnshire fellowship, a 
^ considerable estate having been left some time 
^ since for a certain number of fellowships in that 
'' college, to be given to Lincolnshire scholars, which 
" has been constantly filled up by others, without 
** regard to the intentions of the donor [the donor 
" was the founder himself]. Dr. Henchman argued 
** for the president and fellows, and Mr. Harpur for 
^' Mr. Burslam ; and his lordship has ordered Mr. 
^ Burslam to be put immediately into one of those 
" fellowships." [So the prints.] Burslam was ac- 
cordingly entered fellow yesterday in the afternoon. 
He stood last election in 1731, but was rejected, 
and Mr. Zinzan of the college [Mr. Burslam being 
of Christ Church, and originally of Cambridge, and 
only B. A., whereas Mr. Zinzan is M. A.] was elected, 
notvnthstanding not a Lincolnshire man. Mr. Zin- 
zan was demie when he was chosen, imd Dr. Hollo- 
way resigned the Moral Philosophy lectureship in 
the college to him, by virtue of which lecture 'tis 
said by his friends that he is a statutable fellow, but 
the bp. looked upon this as evasion, as I hear. It 
is certain that they ought to go according to the 



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764 RELIQUIiE 1732. 

founder's statutes, iu which the fellowships are as- 
signed to certain counties. 

July 17. Mr. John Martyn, commonly called Dr. 
Martyn, hath put out proposals for printing in 4to 
VtrgUii Georgica^ with various readings and notes. 
This gentleman liyes at Chelsey, and was of Emanuel 
coll. in Cambridge. He designs to embellish the 
work with figures. [July 18.] Mr. Martyn is now in 
Oxford, chiefly to consult MSS. of Virgil and 
Servius. 

July 28. Yesterday, being Magd. college great 
gaudy, there was not the least ringing of bells there 
all day long, [contrary to former practice,] the pre- 
sident. Dr. Jenner, &c. being dejected and con- 
founded at what the visitor hath done lately; and 
yet 'tis said the majority of the college are pleased. 
N. (The ringing on that day was left oflF before this 
time some years, as some of them say, but 'tis false, 
and there was ringing the year after this, viz. in 
178S.) 

July 81. Mr. Taylor, the present librarian of 
Cambridge, having met with a note among the late 
bp. of Ely, Dr. Moore's, MSS. concerning the author 
of The Whole Duty of Man, Mr. Baker hath sent 
it me by letter of the 16th, in lieu of a note I sent 
him some time ago to the same purpose. It is this : 
Oct. 81, 1698. Mr. Thomas Caulton, vicar of Work- 



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1732. HEARNIANiE. 765 

8op in Nottinghamshire, (in the presence of Mr. 
William Thornton and his lady, Madam Frances 
Heathcote, Mrs. Mary Ash, Mrs. Mary Caulton, and 
John Hewyt, rector of Harthill,) declared the words 
following, viz. Nov. 5, 16899 at Shire Oak, madam 
Ayre of Rampton after dinner took me up into her 
chamber, and told me that her daughter Moyser of 
Beverley was dead, and that in that month she had 
buried her husband and several relations, but that 
her comfort was, that by her monthly sacraments 
she participated still with them, in the communion 
of saints. Then she went to her closet, and fetched 
out a MS. whicb^ she said, was the originall of The 
Whole Duty ofMan, tied together and stitched in 
8vo like sermon notes. She untied it, saying, it 
was Dr. Fell's correction, and that the author was 
the lady Packington, (her mother,) in whose hand it 
was written. To prove this, the said Mr. Caulton 
further added, that she said she had shewn it to Dr. 
Covell, master of Christ's college in Cambridge, Dr. 
Stamford, prebendary of York, and Mr. Banks, the 
present incumbent of the great church in Hull. She 
added withall, that The Decay of Xtian Piety was 
hers (the lady Packington's) also, but disowned any 
of the rest to be her mother's. This is a true copy 
of what I wrote from Mr. Caulton's mouth, two days 
before his decease, witness my hand, Nov. 16, 98. 
John Hewyt. In the Baronettage of England by 
Mr. Collins, vol. 2, page 202, 203, at the Pack- 
ington family — ^^ As the lady Packington has the 



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766 RELIQUIiE 1732. 

** reputation of being thought the author of The 
" Whole Duty of Man" — ** as the manuscript under 
^' her own hand now remains with the family, there's 
" hardly roome to doubt." "And yet notwithstand- 
" ing" (says Mr. Baker) " you may find reason to 
" doubt." And indeed I now doubt more than ever. 
ShQ might (and so without doubt she did) transcribe, 
and yet not be the author. As I never did believe 
her to be the author, so much less now after this 
note is come to me. Bp. Fell certainly knew who 
the author was, and he makes him to have wrote all 
those pieces that were printed by the bp.'s care in 
folio at the Theatre. The author had been at Rome, 
and is described in the bp.'s preface as a man. After 
all that may have been said to the contrary, Mr. 
Woodhead as yet bids fairest. 

August 7. ^My friend the hon*»*« Benedict Leo- 
nard Calvert died on June 1, 1732, (old stile,) of a 
consumption, in the Charles, capt. Watts commander, 
and was buried in the sea. When he left England 
he seemed to think that he was becoming an exile, 
and that he should never see his native country 
more ; and yet neither myself nor any else could 
disswade him from going. He was as well beloved 
as an angel could be in his station ; (he being go* 
vemour of Maryland ;) for our plantations have a 
natural aversion to thdr govemours, upon account 
of their too usual exactions, pillages, and plunder- 

d See p. 453. 



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1732. HEARNIANiE. 767 

ing8 ; but Mr. Calvert was free from all such, and 
therefore there was no need of constraint on that 
score : but then it was argument enough to be 
harrassed, that he was their govemour, and not only 
such, but brother to Id. Baltimore, the lord pro- 
prietor of Maryland, a thing which himself declared 
to his friends, who were likewise too sensible of it. 
And the same may appear also from a speech or two 
of his on occasion of some distraction, which tho' in 
print I never yet saw. I had a sincere respect for 
him, and he and I used to spend much time together 
in searching after curiosities &c., so that he hath 
often said that 'twas the most pleasant part of his 
life, as other young gentlemen likewise then in 
Oxford have also as often said, that the many agree- 
able hours we used to spend together on the same 
occasions were the most entertaining and most plea* 
sant part of their lives. As Mr. Calvert and the 
rest of those young gentlemen (several of which, as 
well as Mr. Calvert, were of noble birth) used to 
walk and divert themselves with me in the country, 
much notice was taken thereof, and many envyed 
our happiness. When Mr. Calvert was at Rome, he 
was once secured from insults, if not mischiefs, by 
the advice of a particular friend and English gentle- 
man then at Rome. Mr. Calvert had been once of 
the communion of the church of Rome, which being 
too well knovm in that city, he was more indiscreet 
than one would have expected from one of his ex- 
cellent sense and caution, in his commerce with the 



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768 RELIQUIiE 1732. 

Jesuits and others of the English college there : 
which was the more dangerous, as divers do not 
doubt to give out, that th^. inhabitants of Italy in 
general scruple not the use of the stiletto, poison &c^ 
where they entertain a prejudice. Mr. Calvert de- 
signed to write a description and history of Mary- 
land, for which he had suitable abilities, and I doubt 
not but he made good progress therein. He wrote 
me a. long letter from thence, dated at Annapolis 
March 18, 1728-9> in which are several particulars 
relating to the island, and at the same time sent me 
Holdsworth^s Muscipula in Latin and English, 
translated by R. Lewis, and dedicated to Mr. Cal- 
vert. 'Twas printed at Annapolis that year, and is 
one of the first things ever printed in that country. 
Mr. Lewis was then (and perhaps, if living, may be 
still) a schoolmaster at Annapolis, and formerly be- 
longed to Eaton. 

Sept. 14. Last week the bp. of Winchester sent 
half a buck to Magd. coll. Oxford, (the president 
himself being absent,) for the fellows, and about the 
same time queen Carolina sent them a whole buck, 
(it being had from Whichwood forest,) and they eat 
it on Monday last, Sept. 11, going to dinner at one 
o'clock. 

Sept. 27. Mr. Rawlins hath got Mr. Lewis Maid- 
welPs printed proposals revived, of establishing and 
supporting a publick school, designed amongst other 



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1732. HEARNIANiE. 769 

things for the sea seryioe of the nation. I find he 
had bis petition deKv^red into the house of com- 
mons, Feb. 3, 1699» for the settling his project, but 
upon mature deliberation it was thrown out of the 
house, chiefly by Dr. Wallis's means, who wrote 
against it, whose MS. Mr. Rawlins now hath by him, 
as I find by his letter from Pophills of the 6th of 
this month, and he hath been informed it was never 
made publick. It is in all about six sheets in fol. 
He fimdes it may deserve a place in my next work. 
The project then on foot was for an academy of 
exercises in the university, such as riding the great 
horse, fencing &c. I well remember the thing to 
have been much talked of in the university. I think 
it was wisely stopped, because, without doubt, 'twould 
have utterly obstructed all true learning. 

Dec. 14. On the 6th inst., being Wednesday, 
Mr. Nibb an upholsterer was chosen one of the 
mayor of Oxford's assistants in room of Mr. Bourne 
deceased. My Id. Abbingtcm came in a coach and 
six from Rycot that morning on purpose to hinder 
him from being elected, and my Id. put up in oppo- 
sition to him Mr. Lawrence the chandler; but all 
would not do, for Mr. Nibb carried it by a majority 
of 18, there being 80 that voted, of which Nibb had 
49* and Lawrence 3L My Id. himself voted on 
this occasion, and when the election was over, he 
invited the mayor and his assistants to dinner at the 
Cross inn, some of which went, but the^ mayor, (Mr. 

8 D 



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770 RELIQUIiE 1732. 

Appleby,) being afflicted with the gout, (for which 
reason he was carried to the election in a chair,) 
could not. After dinner my Id. returned to Bycot, 
but before dinner a commissioner of the common 
shear was likewise elected in room of Bourne, and 
the choice fell upon alderman Wise. 'Tis observ- 
able that formerly such a bustle never used to be 
made in the election of assistants. 

Tho' Dr. Aldrich (late dean of Christ Church) for- 
bid any monument to be erected to him, adding that 
he would not have any since his father (who is buried 
in the same place) had none, yet I heard last night 
that a very handsome one is put up at Christ Church 
to his memory by Dr. Greorge Clarke, fellow of All 
Souls' coll., and that it cost the Dr. an hundred 
pounds. [I have not seen it, but understand since 
that the inscription is very short*.] 

Dee. 27* Last Christmas day [being Monday] 
preached before the univ. at Christ Church Dr. Thos. 
Ferry, canon of that coll. ; but the sermon did not 
begin till eleven o'clock that morning, and so 'twas 
appointed to be by the Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Holmes, 
and accordingly that hour (that people might not be 
deceived) was specified in the bills that were put up. 
'Tis the first instance of the sermon being befcH^ 
the university that hour on Christmas day. The 
reason given was, sermons in college-chapells. This 
reason might also have been given formerly. But 

« See before, p. 2 1 2. 



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1732-33. HEARNIAN.B. 771 

the true reason is» that people might lye in bed the 
longer. They used formerly to begin in chapells an 
hour sooner, and then they were ready for the univ. 
sermon. The same reason, viz, lying a-bed the 
longer, hath made them, in almost all places in the 
university, alter the hours of prayers on other days, 
and the hour of dinner, (which used to be eleven 
o'clock,) in almost every place (Christ Church must 
be excepted) in the university ; which ancient disci- 
pline^ and learning and piety strangely decay. 

Jan. 28. On Friday last (Jan. 26) about noon 
came very privately into Oxford, in a coach and 
four. Dr. John Conybeare, rector of Exeter coll., 
being not met by so much as one soul, and yester- 
day, at 10 o'clock in the morning, he was installed 
dean of Christ Church, but very little or no rejoycing 
was shewed on the occasion. He owes this piece of 
preferment to Mr. [he is not a university Dr.] Ed- 
mund Gibson, bp. of London, who hath some private 
by-ends in view, to whom he dedicated his Reply to 
Christianity as old as the Creation^ which book (I 
am told, for I have not read it) is spun out to a 
great length, whereas all that is material might have 
been brought into about a sheet of paper. 

Feb. 23. Yesterday, in a convocation at 2 o'clock, 
Mr. Jodrell (a gent. com. of Trin. coll.) was created 
M.A., though of but about three years standing, 
and, I am told, of no manner of merit, the reason, I 

3 D 2 



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772 RELIQUIiE 1732-33. 

am told, (and none else,) because be is some way or 
other related to arcbbp. Sbeldon, notwithstanding 
his principles be quite different. Many were against 
it, but did not appear in the convocation honse. 
Dr. Shippen sate as Vice-Chancellour, the Vice- 
Cliancellour himself being ill of the strange epi- 
demical cold that hath of late seized almost all 
people in England, and many foreign countries, and 
carried off many ; such a cold as I never heard of 
before, occasioned by an infection of the air, which 
arose, 'tis supposed, from a strange mild winter. 

March 8. Dr. Robert Freind hath resigned the 
head schoolmaster's place of Westminster school, 
and is succeeded by the second master, Mr. John 
NicoU. This Dr. R. Freind is a most excellent class- 
ical scholar, and hath presided over that school many 
years with very great reputation. Upon the death 
of the late Dr. Bradshaw, 'twas wished, particularly 
by the writer of these matters, that considering his 
excellent learning, and upon account of his being a 
most admirable disciplinarian, he might have been 
made dean of Christ Church; and for my part I 
could see no objection, but his being a married man ; 
but this was an objection not in the least moved, 
nothing being more common now a days than for 
bps., deans, canons &c. to be married: but what 
was objected to him, when he offered himself to the 
queen (as they call her) Carolina, that most covetous 
])rince8S, was, that she said he was too old; upon 



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1732-33. HEARNIANiE. 773 

which he moved that Mr. George Wigan, late 
student of Christ Church, and formerly Dr. Freind s 
scholar, might be dean, upon which Carolina said it 
was promised, and the person, it seems, it was pro- 
mised to was Dr. Conybeare, a man who makes a 
great stir in the college at present, pretending to 
great matters, such as locking up the gates at nine 
o'clock at night, having the keys brought up to him, 
turning out young women from being bedmakers, 
having the kitchen (which he visits) cleansed, and I 
know not what, aiming at a wonderful character, 
even to exceed that truly great man bp. Fell, to 
whom he is not in the least to be compared, as 
neither is he to dean Aldrich, nor dean Atterbury, 
nor even dean Smalridge. 

April 9' The man of Ross in Herefordshire, 
whose true simame was Kirle, was never married. 
He was a very humble goodnatured man. He was 
a man of little or no literature. He always studied 
to do what good charitable oflSces he could, and was 
always pleased when an object offered. He was 
reverenced and respected by all people. He used 
to drink and entertain with cider, and was a sober 
discreet man. He would tell people when they 
dined or supped with him, that he could (if they 
pleased) let them have wine to drink, but that his 
own drink was cider, and that he found it most 
agreeable to him, and he did not care to be ex* 
travagant with his small fortune. His estate was 

3d3 



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774 RELIQUI^ 1733. 

five hundred pounds per annum, and no more, with 
which he did wonders. He built and endowed an 
hospital, and built the spire of Ross. When any 
litigious suits fell out, he would always stop them, 
and prevent people's going to law. They would, 
when diflferences happened, say, go to " the great 
" man of Ross," or, which they did more often, go 
to " the man of Ross," and he will decide the mat- 
ter. He left a nephew, a man good for little or 
nothing. He would have given all from him, but a 
good deal being entailed he could not. He smoked 
tobacco, and would generally smoke two pipes if in 
company, either at home or elsewhere. 

April 15. Sir Rob. Walpole, king George's states- 
man, having received a very great disappointment 
last Wednesday in the parliament house, with re- 
spect to an unheard of tax he had projected upon 
tobacco and wine &c., there was such rejoicing in 
London at it that the like hath not been heard ; 
and the news thereof being brought to Oxford*late 
at night, on Thursday night following (April 12) the 
bells rung from between ten and eleven o'clock that 
night till two or three in the morning at most of 
the parish churches, and there were bonfires also. 
Likewise the next day at night, and yesterday at 
night were bonfires, throwing of serpents, and other 
rejoycings in Oxford upon this occasion. But the 
Vice-Chancellour and mayor last night prohibited 
those proceedings. 



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1733. HEARNIANiE. 775 

April 24. Arcbbp. Laud in p. 129 of the history 
of his chancellorship, takes notice of a popish trans- 
lation of Sales's Introduction to a Devout Ld/e^ 
purged by Dr. Haywood, the archbp.'s chaplain, be- 
fore he (Haywood) licensed it ; but afterwards one 
Burrowes, a Roman catholic, restored the passages 
that Dr. Haywood had expunged, and so 'twas 
printed, and gave great offence to protestants, where- 
upon arcbbp. Laud had the copies (about eleven or 
twelve hundred) seized, and caused them to be burnt 
publicly in Smithfield; but it seems two or three 
hundred copies were dispersed before the seizure. 
I know not whether tbere may be any copy at Cam- 
bridge. I think we have none at Oxford, where 
the arcbbp. used so much diligence to have them 
suppressed : if there be any copy with us, it must 
be a rarity. I think the impression was made in 
1636, or 1637. There are other popish impressions, 
but I know not whether the translation be the 
same. 

May 7. They have just pulled down the old great 
gate of Durham coll., next Canditch by Balliol 
coll., and are building a new gate and wall instead 
thereof. 

Matf 24. On Whitsunday last (May 18) came to 
Oxford on foot fifteen ringers from London, and the 
day before came on horseback one Mr. Skelton, 
about 14 or 15 years ago a commoner of Queen's 

3d4 



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776 RELIQUIAE 1733. 

coll. Oxford, and an excellent ringer, and at this 
time register to the bp. of London, (Gibson,) and a 
proctor in the arches. The next day (being Mon- 
day) the Oxford ringers gave them a short peal at 
M agd. coll., as they did in the evening a short one 
at Christ Church, the Londoners laying still that day, 
that they might refresh themselves after the fetigae 
of their journey. The day after (being Tuesday, 
May 5) the Londoners rang a peal admirably well 
at New coll., of about 1500 changes, from a little 
before 11 o'clock in the morning till 13. And in 
the evening they did the same at Christ Church. 
On Wednesday they (the Londoners) began to ring 
at Christ Church in the morning, a quarter before 
12, and they rung till 2 most incomparably well, 
when, the gudgeons being bad, the biggest bell (i. e. 
the tenth) fell down, but not through the loft, other- 
wise they proposed to have rang 5040 changes. 
In the evening they rang the eight bells at Magd. 
coll., but two or three ropes breaking they could not 
proceed above half an hour. On Thursday they 
began to ring at New. coll., proposing to ring the 
said number of changes {viz. 5040) there. They 
began a little before 12, and rang about three 
quarters of an hour, when one of the ropes broke, 
and so they were stopped. Afterwards they dined 
at the Weers, beyond Friar Bacon's Study, and some 
(if not all) of them, stepping over to Iffley, they rang 
the six bells there {vin. 700 changes upon them). 
The next day (being Friday, May 18) they were 



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1733. HEARNIANiE. 777 

resolved to ring the abovemeotioned number of 
5040 changes upon New coll. ten bells, as they had 
begun to do before. Accordingly they began a little 
before 12, and rang full two hours in the morning, 
wanting two minutes, when one of the ropes broke, 
and put a stop to the peal, for which all were very 
sorry, as they were at the fall of the great bell at 
Christ Church ; for their ringing at both places, as 
well as elsewhere, was most surprisingly fine, with- 
out the least fault from beginning to end, such as 
neyer was before in Oxford, and 'tis a scandal that 
the bells should not be in good order. Sat. May 19f 
they went out of town. On Tuesday, May 22, the 
great bell at Christ Church was got up again, and in 
the eyening the Oxford men rang all ten, and en- 
deavoured to imitate the Londoners, but they were 
soon out, and made poor work of it in comparison of 
the others. 

July 2. Adam Brome's chappel, at St. Marie's, is 
new wainscotted against the approaching Oxford 
Act. But an inconvenience attends it, that, by the 
Viee-Chancellor Dr. Holmes's order, the openings 
are stopt up on the south side next the church, so 
that people cannot now hear there, whereas formerly 
abundance of auditors (particularly in hot weather) 
used to be in this chappell, particularly those of the 
inferior sort, (gownsmen and others,) which was of 
great service, in preventing the over numerous 
throngs in the church. 



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778 RELIQUIiE 1733. 

July 3. The assize sermon was preached this 
momiDg at St. Marie's by Mr. Thomas Randolph of 
Corpus Christi coll. The assizes begun here to day, 
and when they are ended the judges go to Abbing- 
ton, tho' they used to finish the Berkshire assizes 
before the Oxford ones. But they altered now, on 
account of the approaching Oxford Act, being un- 
willing to bring any inconyenience by their presence 
here at the act to the house where they lodge, which 
after they are gone may be let to other lodgers that 
have occasion. 

JuUf 5. One Handel, a foreigner, (who, they say, 
was bom at Hanover,) being desired to come to Ox- 
ford, to perform in musick this Act, in which he hath 
great skill, is come down, the Vice-Chancellor (Dr. 
Holmes) having i^uested him so to do, and, as an 
encouragement, to allow him the benefit of the 
Theater both before the Act begins and after it. 
Accordingly he hath published papers for a perform- 
ance to-day, at 5*. a ticket. This performance be- 
gan a little after 5 o'clock in the evening. This is 
an innovation. The players might be as well per- 
mitted to come and act. The Vice-Chancellor is 
much blamed for it. In this, however, he is to be 
commended, for reviving our Acts^ which ought to 
be annual, which might easily be brought about, 
provided the statutes were strictly foUowM, and all 
such innovations (which exhaust gentlemen's pockets, 
and are incentives to lewdness) were hindered. 



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1733. HEARNIANiE. 77l> 

July 6. The players being denied coraing to Ox- 
ford by the Vice-Chancellor, and that very rightly, 
tho' they might as well have been here as Handell 
and (his lowsy crew) a great number of forreign 
fidlers, they went to Abbington, and yesterday began 
to act there, at which were present many gownsmen 
from Oxford. 

July 8. Half an hour after 5 o'clock, yesterday in 
the afternoon, was another performance, at 5s. a 
ticket, in the Theater by Mr. Handel for his own 
benefit, continuing till about 8 o*clock. 

NB. His book (not worth Id.) he sells for 1*, 

July 9* This being Act Monday, after ringing the 
little bell at nine o'clock, the inceptors met at St. 
Marie's, the beadles of each faculty conducting th^m, 
where, being together in the East chapell, the vicar 
of St. Marie's read prayers to them ; which being 
ended, 1st the Vice-Chancellor, then the inceptors, 
and lastly the proctors, the beadles going before 
them, made their offerings at the communion table. 

July 11. In the evening, half hour after five 
o'clock, yesterday Handel and his company perform'd 
again at the Theater, being the 3d time, at five shill. 
a ticket^. 

' Wbat would haTe been the amount of Hearne's virtaons indignation, had 
he known that in Blay 1856 madame Goldschmidt (Jenny Lind) sang^at a 
concert in the Sheldonian Theatre, the tickets being charged one guinea, 
fifteen shillings, and half a goinea each, according to the situations filled hy 
the auditors, who flocked to the music in immense multitudes ? 



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780 RELIQUIiE 1733. 

July 12. Yesterday morDing, from nine o'clock 
in the morning till eleven, Handel and his company 
performed their musick in Christ Church hall, at 3«. 
a ticket. 

In the evening of the same day, at half hour after 
5, Handel and his crew perform'd again in the 
Theater at 5s. per ticket. This was the 4th time 
of his performing there. 

July 13. Last night, being the 12th, Handel and 
his company performed again in the Theater, being 
the 5th time of his performing there, at 5s. per 
ticket, Mr. Walter Powel (the superior beadle of 
divinity) singing, as he hath done all along with 
them. 

August 4. The two Edward Brownes were of the 
university of Cambridge, Edward Browne the phy- 
sician (son of the famous sir Thos. Browne) M. Bac. 
of Trinity college ann. 1668. (Regr. Acad.) Fas- 
ciculus Edward says of himself, [Prsef. pag. 82] 
that he was bom at Rochester, fellow collegian to 
Joh. Moore, (afterwards bp. of Ely, [pag. 27.] and 
so it appears from the Register, Edv. Browne, Joh. 
Moore Aul. Clar. Art. Bac. ann. 1665, 6. Art. 
M". Aul. Clar. Joh. Moore, Edv. Browne &c.) Regr. 
Acad., and were doubtless intimate friends, being 
chaplains to the same family, the bp. to chancellor 
Finch, and our author Edv. Br. — in Familid Firi 
Clarissimi D, Joh. Finch, Oratoris Regii 8^c. — 



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1733. HEARNIANiE. 7B1 

Vol. I. p. 478. When or where he dy*d, Mr. Baker 
hath not found, probably in his own parish, Sun- 
drigue. We have no great reason to deplore the 
loss or want of the third volume, unless it might 
have fitln into better conduct and management. 
The first volume when first published was condemn'd 
in the Index Expurg., and that might make him 
apprehensive of like danger to the second. 

Atigust 9. A gentleman (an esquire) lately with 
me, tho* he be a complyer in all respects, but a Tory, 
acknowledged the non-jurors to be the true honest 
staunch men of the nation, namely those who are 
intirely non-jurors, and do not go to the publick 
churches ; and that such as have complyed and ad- 
hered to pseudo-bishops will never be able to get 
over what shall be objected against their defection. 

August 11. London, August 2, 1733. Letters 
from Weymouth in Dorsetshire give an account of 
a very melancholy accident, that happened a few 
miles off that place last week, viz. About 13 or 14 
gentlemen and ladies having been at Mr. Weld's 
seat (who lately had the cause before the delegates) 
at Lawthrop hall, and it being a fine day, had a 
mind to go in a vessel on the sea, which according- 
ly they did. After they had got a little way out, a 
sudden squall arose, which laid the vessel all on one 
side close to the water, the mast lying in, (it's sup- 
posed the moving of the ballast occasioned it,) and- 



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782 RELIQUI^ 1733. 

in this situation they were some short tirae, when a 
gentleman, who was reckoned the best swimmer, stript 
and went in, in order to get to shore for help ; but 
before he had swam far his strength fail'd him, and 
he tnm'd back to get into the vessel ; but being 
just spent as he came up to her, caught hold of the 
mast to save himself, by which means he puU'd the 
vessel over, and all, except one gentleman, were 
drowned. Their names were not then known, but 
one of the ladies was about 17* and reckoned the 
greatest beauty and fortune in that county. Norths 
ampton Mercury far Mond. Aug. 6, 1733. 

August 16. Mr. Sanford of Balliol signified to 
me on Aug. 13, 1783, Mond., that 'twould be a 
good piece of service to the world, if the whole body 
of our university statutes, as also if all college 
statutes, were printed, considering what vile prac- 
tices are used now-a-days ; tho' if the statutes were 
studiously observed, it would not be at all proper to 
print them. Many others (among which my self) 
are of the same mind. 

August 18. I have at length read over both Dr. 
Cockman' and Dr. Seeker's Act sermon, and I find 
what hath been reported by all to be very true, that 
Seeker's is by much the better discourse. Indeed 
Seeker's is rather an essay than a sermon, but 'tis 
very handsome and neat, and proper enough for the 
auditory, notwithstanding his speaking in commenda- 



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J 733. hearniana:: 783 

tion of K. George and Q. Caroline^ which is no 
wonder, since he writes himself in the title LL.D. 
prebendary of Durham, rector of St. James's West- 
minster, and chaplain in ordinary to his majesty. 
But Cockman's, as it is rather a lecture than a ser- 
mon, so 'tis very flat, dull and heavye. 

August 20. This day, at 12 o'clock at noon, St. 
Marie's great bell rung out for Dr. Matthew Tindall, 
fellow of All Souls college, who died this last week 
out of the college, where he seldom appeared. He 
was matriculated in Lent term 1672, aged 15 or 
thereabouts, being comm. of Line, college (where 
Dr. Greorge Hickes, as I have often heard, was^ his 
tutor). Thence he removed to Exeter coll., took 
the degree of Bach, of Arts, and was chosen fellow 
of All Souls, as a member of which he took the 
degree of Bach, of Civ. Law Dec. 17, 1679, and 
that of Dr. of Civ. L. July 7, 1685. He was a man 
of most vile principles, and of no religion, as may 
appear from many books he wrote and published, in 
which he had the assistance of the late Mr. Collins, 
yet without his name to them, amongst which are the 
" Bights of the Christian Church," and " Christianity 
as old as the Creation." 

August 22. On Saturday, Aug. 18, 17S3, was the 
annual meeting, called the High Borlace, at the 
King's head tavern in Oxford, when miss Molly 
Wickham, of Garsington, was chosen lady patroness. 



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784 RELIQUI^ 1733. 

in room of miss Stonhouse, tliat was lady patroness 
last year. 

August 28. On Monday, Aug. 20, 17S3, they 
began to dig for the foundations of the new build- 
ing on the north side of Magd. coll. 

Dr. Leigh, master of Balliol coll., was of the High 
Borlace this year. This is the first time of a clergy- 
man's being there. 

August 25. One Williams, a Welshman, hath 
been several years about the colleges &c. of Oxford. 
He is a sorry fellow. He hath just done them at 
6 guineas the better, and 3 guineas the worse paper. 
They are miserably done, he being neither an expert 
drawer nor engraver. Loggan's were done admirably 
well, and ^11 always deserve great praise. 

Sept. 1. On Thursday the I6th instant, died, ac- 
cording to the prints, Matthew Tindal, LL.D., and 
fellow of All Souls' college in Oxford. In the reign 
of king James II. he was reconciled to the church 
of Rome, made a formal abjuration, and went pub- 
lickly to mass in Oxford ; but the times changing, 
as to outward appearance he changed, tho' he never 
made any solemn recantation, as, being much in 
favour, it was not insisted on. He wrote several 
pieces, as The Eights qf the Christian Church ; 
An Answer to Bishop Gibson's Pastoral Letter ; 
Christianity as old as the Creation; which have- 



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17SS. HEARNIANifi. 785 

been all answered to the satisfiEtction of reasonable 
men, and to the convictiony tho* not conversion, of 
the freethinkers of this age. He made himself 
known to the court, after the Revolution, by his 
determination against those who acted at sea under 
king James's commission, then absent, whom he de- 
clared pirates; tho' different were the opinions of 
the civilians consulted on that nice point. In 
O.Parker's Ephemeris of 1711 is erected a scheme 
of his nativity. 

It is reprinted in the said Parker's Ephemeris for 
1784. 

Sept. 8. On Thursday, Aug. 80, Mr. Weeks was 
vrith me again. He spends fifteen shillings a day. 
He is very much in the stocks, being, as I find, a 
great dealer in money. He is acquainted with many 
Jews. The Jews do not take usury of one another, 
but of others they take as much as possibly they can. 

Sept. 16. Mr. Sacheverel, who died a few years 
since, of Denman's Farm (in Berks) near Oxford, 
was look'd upon as the best judge of bells in Eng- 
land. He used to say, that Horsepath bells near 
Oxford, tho' but five in number, and very small, 
were the prettiest, tunablest bells in England, and 
that there was not a fault in one, excepting the 8d, 
and that so small a &ult, as it was not to be dis- 
cerned but by a very good judge. 

Horsepath tower is 46 feet high. Garsington 
tower is 88 feet high. 

3 £ 



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786 RELIQUIiE 1733. 

Oct. 2. Dr. Middleton Massey told me on Satur- 
day Sept. 89» 1788, that the uDiversity is like to 
lose twenty thousand libs, from sir Hans Sloane, 
upon account of what hath been transacted at the 
Ashmolean museum, by making a head of a house, 
Mr. Huddesfbrd, president of Trinity coll., keeper of 
that place, and fixing upon him 50 lite, a year, whe- 
ther he do anything there or not. 

The Dr. then told me, he hath published nothing 
but a catalogue (a small thing which I have) of the 
library of Wisbich, and that there were but an hun- 
dred and fifty printed. 

Oct. 8. I hear of iron bedsteads in London. Dr. 
Massey told me of them on Sat. Sept. 29» 1733. 
He said they were used on account of the buggs, 
which have, since the great fire, been very trouble- 
some in London. 

Oct. 21. On Friday, Oct. 19, 1788, they began to 
pull down the houses at Queen's college, on the 
eastern part of the south side of that college, in 
order to erect a new part of that college, queen 
Caroline having given them a thousand libs. The 
mason is Mr. Townsend, and. the carpenter Mr. 
Franklin, who are the same that were imployed in 
the former new buildings of that college. 

Oct. 25. The prints tell us that on Tuesday morn- 
ing, Oct. 16, 1788, a fire broke out in the stately 



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I78S. HEARNIANiB. 787 

boctoe of the dtike of Devonshire, in Piccadilly 
Westminster, by the carelessness of the workmen, 
who had been emptoy'd all the summer to repair 
and beautify it at the expense of '40,000/., and en- 
tirely destroyed it, but bis grace's library, cabinet 
of rarities, pictures, plate, and jewels, valued at 
100,000/., were saved ; however the damage is com- 
puted at 10 or 15,000/. I was told also of the same 
dismal fire in a letter from Mr. West of the 17th, 
from the Inner Temple ; who added, that most of 
the pictures and medals he heard were saved, and a 
pretty many of the books, and that it was occa- 
sioned by a joyner's prentice leaving a pot of glue 
on the fire. 

JN'av. 10. Sir Justinian Isham hath a little 4to 
MS. on paper, which I l^ad over yesterday, being 
delivered to me by his brother Dr. Euseby Isham, 
rector of Lincoln college, being Dr. John Cotta's 
opinion about the death of sirTluseby Andrew. The 
Dr. [Cotta] thus intitles it, 3fy Opinian at the 
assises in Northampton demanded in courts touching 
the poysbning of S^ Eueehy Andrew^ more JnUy 
satisfied. Signed John Cotta, and then he adds. 
My evidence in open court delivered at the assises 
at Northampton 8 seueraU times upon commande. 
At the beginning of this MS. sir Justinian hath 
written, 

f ** I suppose it should be 4000/." So says T. H. ; bad he lived in 1856 
he would not have indolged so simple a supposition. 

3e2 



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788 RELIQUIifi 1733. 

Ant a Wood makes mention of Dr. Cotta^ voL 
I. p. 4SS of Ath. Ox. 

Sr Eusehy Andrew descended tfa very ancient 
family^ for several generations seated at Char- 
welton in Norihiitonshire^ was son to Thomas 
Andrew esq. by Mary his wife daughter ofGre^ 
gory Isham^ and sister to sir Euseby Isham of 
Pichely and Braunston in Co. Nortlm. Knt. which 
Thomas being sheriff (f Northamptonshire^ at- 
tended (according to Cambden) upon Mary queen 
qf Scots to her execution at Fotheringhay castle. 
S^. Eusebie Andrew married Anne daughter of 
sr. Richard Knightley qfFauesley by his second 
lady, Elisuzbeth daughter of Edward Seymour 
duke qf Somerset L. Protector^ and as appears by 
the inquisition post mortem died on the last day qf 
July, VI. Jacob, leaving Edward his son and heir 
eleven years qfage. 

Nov. 18. The wind being very high on Sunday 
night last Nov. 2, there had like to have been a 
very dismal fire, the wind being south west, at Crab- 
tree comer by Smith gate in Oxford. It flamed 
out, and did some damage. The engine was sent 
for, and good assistance coming, it was happily 
stopp'd. 

Nov. 14. On Monday last, in the afternoon, the 
foundation stone (a small one) was laid at the new 
building, just begun, at the south east end of Queen's 



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1738. HEAHNIANiE. 789 

college OxoD. with this inscriptioD/as I hear, for I 
did not see it, CAROLINA REGINA Nov. 12, 
1788. 

Nov. 18. The new body of statutes for University 
college, drawn np by the master Dr. Gockman, have 
not been yet confirmed, tho' many joumies have 
been made for it, but at last a reason was given, 
that by virtue of a late act of parliament, they must 
be in English. Upon which the master was put to 
a fresh trouble. However, he compiled them in 
English, and yet cannot get them confirmed; nor 
do I know when 'twill be done. 

Nov. 24. Hardouin his epitaph. From the 
Hague. 

In English, 

Here lies the most paradoxical of men. 

By Birth a Frenchman, by Religion a Jesuit, 

The Prodigy of the learned World ; 

The Cultivator, and at the same time the Plunderer of Antiquity. 

He playM the Sceptic piously ; 

Was credulous as a child ; 

Bold as a youth ; and 

Delirious as an old man ; 

In a word, Here lies Father HABDOUIN. 

Nov. 27. 1555. l6o Octobru Doctor Ridley et 
Latimer erant cambusti, at the beginning of a little 
MS. penes Thomam Ward de Warwick armigerum, 

3 E 8 



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790 RELIQUIiB I7»S. 

Dee. 1. About a fortnight since died the ducbeas 
of Orraond ; a lady much lamented on account of 
her great liberality, generosity, and charity. As sbe 
had been a very beautiful woman, so she excelled 
in all other accomplishments. It must have been 
a great trouble to her not to have seen the duke of 
Ormond, her husband, after his being banished, f(u* 
no other rea»on but his honesty, so many years, near 
twenty. 

Dee. 19. I understand there is not a single article 
of the duke of Devonshire's collection missing fay 
the late fire, when his fine house at London was 
burnt. 

I am also told, that Dr. David Wilkins is publish- 
ing in folio all the British, Saxon and English coun- 
cils and sjmodical decrees, wherein will be included 
both sir Henry Spelman's volumes. I find archbp. 
Wake intended this work, and made collections for 
it, near thirty years agoe. I am sure. Wilkins was 
upon it himself in q. Anne's time, perhaps by the 
countenance of Wake, but was then hindered, being 
not thought to be a proper person. 

Dee. 85. Colonel Valentine Walton, one of the 
judges of k. Charles the Ist, who fled from justice a 
little before the restauration, married one of the 
sisters of Oliver Cromwell, and wrote (as Mr. Jo. 
Brookland, one of the Theater printers told me yes- 
terday) an History of the Civil Wars, which is in 



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J733. HEARNIANiE. 791 

MS. in the bands of some one related to his family 
at this time, and that many original letters of Oliver 
Cromwell are in it. Money (five hundred libs.) hath 
been offered (it seems) for the copy, but 'twill not 
be parted with, Valentine Walton having (it seems) 
ordered it to be kept as a secret, and not to be pub- 
lished, fearing (it may be) lest abundance of bis and 
other's roguery and villany may be from thence dis- 
covered. His second wife (it seems) died in a mean 
sorry condition in Oxford, a^. 1668, in Cat street, 
according to Mr. Wood, but for my part I never 
heard her mentioned by any Oxford person what- 
ever, and yet she was buried in St. Marie's church. 
Mr. Brookland abovesaid told me, his brother John 
Brookland is the person that gave him an account 
of this MS. 

Dec.'SO. On Thursday, Dec. 30 last, sir William 
Bowyer, of Denham Court, near Uxbridge in Bucks, 
bart., was married at Badley (by Dr. Thompson, 
rector of Sunningwell) to Mrs. Anne Stonehonse, a 
very fine woman, daughter of the late sir John 
Stonehonse, bart., knight of the shire for Berks. 

We have an account ft*om Southampton, that the 
fine steeple of St. Michael's church, which was re* 
built this summer, was on Sunday morning, Dec. 16, 
last broke in pieces by a violent clap of thunder and 
lightning, and some of the stones thrown fifty yards 
from the church. We don't hear of much more 
damage being done; but it was the most violent 

3 e4 



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792 RELIQUIiE 1733-34. 

clap of thunder, accompanied with hailstones of the 
largest size, known in these parts. 

Jan. 2. Christ Church ten bells being now in 
very good order, yesterday some select Oxford ring- 
ers rung them all for a wager. They were every 
man of them townsmen, but had received some con- 
siderable instructions from Mr. Stone, M. A., a man 
in orders, and a good ringer himself, fellow of Wad- 
ham college. The wager was, that they could not 
ring the five thousand and forty changes, quater or 
cater changes upon them. They were to have six 
tryals, and if upon the sixth tryal they did not do it, 
they were to loose. Yesterday they began (being 
the first tryal) just at twelve o'clock, and finished 
the whole 27 minutes after 3 o'clock. This is the 
first time that this number of changes was ever rung 
in Oxford, the biggest bell at Christ Church ialling 
down, and the ropes breaking at New college, when 
the Londoners rang at both places lately, otherwise 
the said Londoners (who rung at each place above 
two hoiirs, and never made the least fault) would 
have done it with the greatest ease imaginable. The 
Oxford ringers yesterday made many mistakes, so 
that 'twas expected they must have given over seve- 
ral times. I did not hear them till they had been 
at it about 8 quarters of an hour, but afterwards I 
beard them quite out till they had done, and I ob- 
served fifty-two faults in the ringing, nine of which 
were very considerable ones. However, take it all 



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1733-34. HEARNIANiE. 71>3 

together, 'twas excellent ringing, and they may glory 
of it. The most considerable fault was occasioned 
by Dr. Gregory, Regius professor of modern history 
and student of Christ Church, who yesterday broke 
in upon the ringers, to their great disturbance. 

Jim. 7. The castle of Edinburgh was formerly 
call'd eastrum pueUarum^ i. e. the Maiden castle, 
because, as some say, the kings of the Picts kept 
their daughters in it while unmarry'd. But those 
who understand the ancient Scots or Highland lan- 
guage say the words ma-eden signify only a castle 
built upon a hill or rock. This account of the name 
is just enough. 

Jan. 9- Mr. Baker hath sent me an account I re- 
ceived this morning of a Latin Phalaris's Epistles 
printed at Oxford in the 297th Olympiad after 
Christ. Mr. Baker's friend supposes it to be 1484. 
J take it rather to have been 1485, and even after 
Hen. Vllth came to the crown. I do not remember 
to have met with any account of this book before. 
Theodorick Rood of Cologn is mentioned as the 
printer, as also Thomas Hunte an Englishman as his 
partner. Yet Rood a^. 1481 printed at Oxford 
alone. Mr. Wood does not seeni to have seen this 
bookfl^. 

* See Herbert's Amei, iii., 1395, for an •ooovnt of this most Taluabla 
typogr^hical cariosity. I may state, that the copy of the book mentioned 
by Herbert as in the possession of Mr. Randolph, is now in the librsry of 
Corpns Christ! ooUege, given by that gentleman. 



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794 RELIQUIiE 17SS-84. 

Jan. 11. Mr. Baker observes to me, that Maun- 
selPs Catalogue is a very scarce, and yet a very use- 
fiill book. This obs^vation is very just. I do not 
remember to have seen more than one copy, which is 
that in Bodley, where I used formerly often to con- 
sult it. Few of our writers of the affiiirs of queen 
Elizabeth have let it pass, provided they have been 
able to meet vrith it. It used to be much set by, by 
Mr. Thomas Rawlinson, as it did likewise by the late 
bp. Atterbury, and by Mr. John Bagford; as it does 
now by Mr. John Murray, as well as by the earl of 
Oxford, to say nothing of others. I must remember 
to ask Dr. Richard Rawlinson, whether he hath a 
copy thereof with any improvements ? 

Jan. 17. Mr. Baker of Cambridge (who is a very 
good, as well as a very learned man, and is my great 
friend, though I am unknovm in person to him) tells 
me in his letter of the I6th of last December, that 
he hath always thought it a happiness to dye in 
time, and says of himself, that he is really afFraid of 
living too long. He is above seventy, as he told me 
some time since. What occasioned him to speak of 
the happiness of dying in time was, my telling hiu) 
that bp. Tanner vras pretty well recovered of his 
late illness, upon which he said he was glad to hear 
of the bp.'s tolerable degree of health, and yet the 
bp. having so gross a body, Mr. Baker doubts (and 
so do I) that the rest of his life will be uncom- 
fortable. , 



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1788-34. HEARNIAN.E. 795 

Jan. 20. '' MaunselPs Catalogue I have, much im- 
" prov'd from archbp. Harsnet's copy at Colchester, 
'^ aud more by my own and a friend's band. It is a 
^ book I am often using, but I have left it yon by 
" will, and I hope you will not stay for it over long/' 
So Mr. Baker y in his letter to me from Cam- 
bridge^ dated Jan. 5tb.^ 

^ I regret that I cannot refSer the reader to this very desirable copy of one 
of the most valuable bibUogiaphical works of the period. TIm book win how- 
ever be found in the Selden library, as well as in Mr. Donee's* collection in 
the Bodleian. It is now of sach rare occurenoe, that I may be doing a ser- 
vioa by pdnting it oat to coUeotors, as well deserving their perticnlsr atten- 
tion. Th$ firH part rf M« Caiaiogv§ rf EngUth prinied Bookm s mkiek 
amoerruih nieh maUtn nf diuhUiiSf at haue Mn tithes wriUen in cur otatts 
Tongm^^ irmnMhi0dmUqfmnie ether kmguagis tmd haue bin jnMuked $o 
Ae glory qfGcd, and ed{ficaH(m qfthe Church qfChrid in England. Gathered 
imte a^phabety and tuch meAod a$ it ie^ ig jfndrew Mauneell, hookeeelier. 
Unnmqnodqne propter qnid [Windet*s device^ the petican, snrronnded with 
two mottoes, ** pro lege, rege, et grege," paraphrased on the outer rim, ^Love 
** kepyth the lawe, obeyeth the kyng, and is good to the oommen welthe"]. 
Lend/an^ printed hg Jehn VVindet fer Andrew MmmteH, dwelling in Loth- 
huricy r595. A thin foUo of 114 pages, (the last a blank,) besides the title 
and dx pages containing dedications "to the qveenes most sacred maiestie ; 
to the reverend divines and loners of dinine bookes ; to the worshipftdl the 
master, wardens and assistants o( the oompanie of stationers, and to all other 
printers and booksellers in generall/' 

The eeeende parie^ which eoneemeth ^eekneee Mathematieatt^ a§ Arith- 
metieky GeomeMsj Atironomiey Aeirologiey Muticky the arte 4ff Warre and 
Katdgatien : and aleo df Phitiek and Surgerie was printed the same year in 
IbHo, by James Roberts, for Andrew MaanseU, containing pp. 38, (last page 
blank,) and, in addition, an address '* to the right worshipftdl the Professors 
of the^ciences Mathematicall, and to the learned Ptofessors of Phisidce and 
Seargerj," another also to the master, wardens &c. of the company of the 
stationers &c (as in the font part,) and a dedication '' to the right honour- 
able Robert, Earle of Essex and Ewe, Yisoonnt Hereford, Lorde Ferrers of 
Chartley, Bonrgfachier and Lonaine, maister of the Qneraes malesties horse, 
knight of the most noble order of the Garter, and one of herJUighnes most 
honorable privie counsel!,** in all, with title, pp. 6. In the dedication to lord 
Essex, Maansell says that <' seeing still many excellent bookes written and 
" printed in our owne tongue, and that many of them after twenty or fortie 
** yeares printing, are so dispersed out of booke-sellers hands, that they are 



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7J>6 RELIQUIAE 1733-34. 

Jan. 28. No book sold better formerly than Bur- 
ton 8 Anatomy of Melancholy, in which there is 
great variety of learning, so that it hath been a 
common-place for filchers. It hath a great many 
impressions, and the bookseller got an estate by it ; 
but now 'tis disregarded, and a good fair perfect 
copy (altho' of the 7th impression) may be purchased 
for one shilling, well bound, which occasion d a gen- 
tleman yesterday (who observed how many books, 
that were topping books formerly, and were greedily 
bought at great prices, were tum'd to wast paper) 
to say, that sir Isaac Newton (he believ'd) would 
also in time be turned to wast paper ; an observation 
which is very likely to prove true. 

Roti, the celebrated graver to king Charles II., 



** not onely scaroe to be found, but almost quite foiigotten ; I bane thought fit 
*< worth^my poore labour to take some paynes beerein — to gather a Catho- 
« logue in such sort aa I can, of the bookes printed in our owne tcmgue ; 
'* which I doe hope win be delightsome to all English men that be learned, 
« or desirous of learning t for hereby thej may kn<^, euen in their studies, 
*' what bookes are eyther by our own countrymen written or translated out 
^ <^ any other language, that those which desire to set foorth more bookes 
" for the benefit of their contrey, may see what is already extant Tpon any 
" argfiment." At the back of the title is an excellent woodcut of his noUe 
patron's armorial bearings. All readers must allow the motives <^ our com- 
piler to haTO been most sensible and legitimate, and no one, who in these 
days has occasion to refer to this catalogue, but will confess its merit and 
great utility, particularly in enabling us Tery frequently to attribute ap- 
parently anonymous works to tlieir actual authors. All will regret the non- 
appearance of the third and last part, which was to have accompanied the first 
and second, but was delayed, ** finding it so troublesome to get sight of books, 
*' and so tedious to digest into any good methode." The loss of this third 
part is the more to be regretted, because it was ^ to shew what wee haue in 
" our owne tongue of Gramer, Logick, Rethoricke, Lawe, Historie, Poetxie, 
*< Polide &c TYhich will for the most part conoeme matters of delight and 
" pleasure/* 



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1733-34. HEARNIANiE. 7^7 

was so passionate an admirer of the beautiful Mrs. 
Stuart^ (afterwards duchess of Richmond,) that on 
the reyerse of the best of our coin he delineated the 
face of Britannia from her picture. And in some 
medals, where he had more room to display both 
his art and affection, the similitude of features is 
said to have been so exact, that every one who knew 
her grace, at the first view could discover who sat 
for Britannia. Mr. Fenton, in p. clv of his Notes 
upon Waller's Poems. In p. CLxm he hath had one 
of these medals engrav'd. It hath on the obverse 
CAROL VS; A. CAROEO, with k. Charles lids 
head, and under it 1665. And on the reverse, 
QVATVOR. MARIA. VINDICO round Britan- 
nia {mz. the said countess) sitting on a shield, with 
a laurel in her right hand, and a shield in her left, 
her left leg naked, and underneath BRITANNIA. 

Jan. 88. Mr. Robert Burton, who wrote the 
Anatomy of Melancholy, was greatly acquainted 
with Mr. John Rowse, keeper of the Bodleian 
library, and Mr. Rowse used him very kindly, in 
furnishing him with such books as he wanted. 

Mr. Burton was librarian (when he was student) 
at Christ Church. 

Mr. Burton look'd upon Christ Church library as 
a very good one. 

He complains much in his preface of the sixth 
ed. of his Anat. of Melancholy of the dull sale of 
Latin books, but observes that any thing whatsoever 
would sell in English. 



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798 RELIQUI^ l7S3-*d4. 

Mr. Burton was one of the most facetious and 
pleasant companions of that age, but his cooTersa- 
tion was very innocent. It was the way then to 
mix a great deal of Latin in discoursing, at which he 
was wonderfuU ready, (in the manner his book is 
wrote,) which is now looked upon as pedantry. 

Ant. a Wood was a great admire of Mr. Burton^ 
and of the books he bequeathed to the Bodleian 
library, a great many of which were little historicall 
diverting pamphlets, now grown wonderfuU scarce, 
which Mr. Burton used to divert himself with, as 
he did with other little merry books, of which there 
are many in his bene&ction, one of which is 7^ 
History of Tom Thumb. 

Feb. 10. King Charles the First's mw concern- 
ing the retaining Church-lands. Dated at Oxford, 
18. Ap. 1646. 

I ^.^. do here promise, and solemnly vow, in the pre- 
sence, and for the service, of Almighty God, that if it shall 
please His Divine Majesty of His infinite gooduefls to re- 
store me to my just kingly rights, and to reestablish me in 
my throne, I will wholly give back to His ohuroh all those 
impropriations which are now held by the crown; and what 
lands soever I now do, or should enjoy, which have been 
taken away, either from any episcopal see, or any cathe- 
dral, or collegiate church, irom any abbey, or other re- 
ligious house. I likewise promise for hereafter to hold 
them from the church, under such reasonable fines and 
rents as shall be set down by some conscientious persons, 
whom I promise to choose with all uprightness of heart, to 
direct me in this particular. And I most humbly beseech 



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1733-34. HEARNIANiE. 799 

God to aooepi of this my tow, and to Uess me in the de- 
signs I have now in hand, tiirou^ Jstm Ohriti our Lord. 

CHARLES R. 
Oxford 13 Ap. 1646. 

Andrew Borde was bom at Boord's hill in Holmes 
Dayle in Sussex, and not (as seemed to Mr. Wood, 
Ath. Oxon. Vol. I. col. 78. ed. 2d) at Pevensey or 
Pensey. So we learn from his Peregrination, p. 14, 
MS. penes me. 

Feb. 11. Mr. Edward Wells corresponded with 
Robert Nelson, esq. The last letter the Dr. said 
he had the happiness to receive from him was dated 
Oct. 12, 1714 ; Mr. Nelson falling ill presently 
after. Mr. Nelson was a pious good man, and a 
non-juror till the death of Dr. Lloyd bp. of Nor- 
wich, when with Mr. Dodwell and several others he 
struck in with the complyers, and acknowledged 
those to be the orthodox true bps. that they had 
looked upon as schismatical before. But Dr. Hickes 
and others continued unshaken, maintaining that 
case was still the same, the succession being con- 
tinued by the care the orthodox bps. had taken of 
consecrations, and k. James lids son being the true 
king, and insisting upon the same rights his father 
and ancestors had. Mr. Nelson was not much won- 
dered at by Dr. Hickes and his friends for acting 
thus, since Mr. Nelson had all along spoke generally 
more honourably of the complyers than of the suf- 



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800 RELIQUIiE 1733-34. 

ferers, and had written the life of bp. Ball» that was 
one of those that always did comply, notwithstanding 
be were undoubtedly a very great man. 

Feb. 14. The compiler of the Antiquities of Nor- 
folk, that bp. Tanner told me of, I understand by 
Mr. Baker (in his letter of Febr. 5, 1799) is one 
Mr. Francis Blon^field, Art. Bac. of Cains college, 
and rector or vicar of a small living in that county, 
a young man, but has a genius for antiquities, and 
Mr. Baker believes he will perform well : but print- 
ing in parts, tho' he sent Mr. Baker his proposals, he 
could not encourage his design^ as he otherwise in- 
clined to do. 

Feb. 15. Before the building of Magd. coll. Oxon. 
there used to. be a great multitude of fullers and 
weavers in Holywell parish. 

The rudera or ruines of south St. Michael's church 
Oxford were to be seen in Mr. Miles Wyndesore's 
time. 

It appears, according to Miles Windsore, that the 
following churches were formerly in Oxford, of which 
there is nothing now. 

1. South St. Miles : there were ruines there in 
Miles Windsore's time : 2. St. Edwards : 9. St. 
Mildred's : 4. St. George's : 5. St. Marie Osney : 
6. The Augustin Friers church : 7. The White 
Friers church: it had a very high spire, built of 
pix and bitumen very strongly, which when it was 



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1733-34. HEARNIANiE. 801 

demolisbed^ the noise of the £eiII was so great, that 
it terrified the whole city: 8. The Grey Friers 
chlirch : Q. The Black Friers church : 10. Rewley 
church : 11. Glocester church : 12. Stockweli 
church : 18. North St. John's church, where New 
colL and Hart hall is, in the parish of St. John the 
Evangelist : 14. St. Botulph's t 15. St. Olave's. 

fkb. 19* The late Lawrence Echard, M.A. arch- 
deacon of StoWe, and chaplain to William [Wake] 
lord archbishop of Canterbury, among other things 
wrote and published The History qf the Revohi- 
turn and the establishment qf England in the year 
1688. 8vo. Tho' it be vile enough, shewing that 
Mr. Echard did it to get prefeiment^ and to, ingra- 
tiate himself, yet it withall is a sufficient proof of 
the villanies used to king James II. and his queen 
and son, in which villanies the late Dr. Gilbert 
Burnet was one of the chief. After they had drove 
the king out of his dominions, yea even before he 
was gone, they voted that he had abdicated his 
crown, whereas all he did was by force, as appear'd 
throughout. Abdication is a voluntary act, but the 
king was so far from resigning, that he insisted upon 
his rights to the last, and even in Ireland appear d 
against his rebellious subjects with sword in hand, 
when his son-in-law William prince of Orange, 
AngUtB Usufructuarius, (as Camden stiles a former 
usurper king Stephen, p. 186 ed. 8vo.) fought against 
him, and drove him out of Ireland, and would have 

Sf 



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802 RELIQUIA 1753-34. 

shot him if he could. From this very piece of 
Echard, notwithstanding the author was a thorongfa 
paced republican, the monstrous ambition of the 
prince of Orange is highly evident, as well as his 
crafty knavery, and even such as countenanced him 
were plainly rebells; and whatever &ir pretences 
may be alleged on their behalf, yet 'twill never be 
accounted for cleerly any otherwise than by acknow- 
ledging that it was a rebellion, (at least in those 
who violated their oaths to king James,) what how- 
ever few are willing to own, tho' they think, without 
doubt, that 'twas so, in their hearts. 

The first of Nov. 1688 was a Thursday, yet 
Echard, p. 158, makes the next day, which was 
Friday, to be Nov. 8d, and yet, p. 159, calls Sunday, 
(as it certainly was) the 4th. The said Sunday was 
the prince of Orange's birthday, he being bom Nov. 
4, 1650^ and 'twas that day he really landed, (notr 
withstanding what Echard and others say to the 
contrary,) tho' it was ordered not to be observed till 
(as it hath been observed ever since on) the 5th of 
Nov., which was then a Monday, for fear it should 
be forgot unless joyned with the day of observing, 
the Gunpowder Treason, an artifice that many honest 
men now frequently talk of and abhor. 

Feb. 20. Notwithstanding what is said above, 
since, without doubt, many good men were drawn 
into the revolution, and took oaths to the prince 
and princess of Orange, notwithstanding those they 



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173:M4. HEARNIANiE. 80ii 

had taken before to k. Jamee, I would not be so 
hard upon them as to brand them for rogues and 
Tillains, but would think rather very fityourably of 
them, especially since they gave very good reasons 
for their proceedings. Much less would I brand 
those that took oaths that could not be said to 
thwart what they had done before, since they were 
not bound by former oaths, having never taken any ; 
and there is the greater reason to think very well of 
many of these for this very reason, because, tho* they 
took the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, yet they 
refused to take the oath of abjuration, which was 
afterwards imposed, and they used to say that they 
took the oath of allegiance in that sense only, (a 
sense indeed, which divers of Wm/s chief friends 
said ^twas to be taken in, and Wm. himself did not 
gainsay,) that they would live peaceably and quietly. 
There is one thing here must not be passed over, 
(what even Mr. Echard also observes,) that tho' the 
prince of Orange promised, when things were a little 
settled, to have the legitimacy of the birth of the 
prince of Wales examined into, and set in a clear light 
in the parliament, yet when once he and his princess 
were declared king and queen, and k. James turned 
out, the matter was quite dropt, he being quite afraid 
to have it canvassed, well knowing, as his princess 
likewise did, that he was undoubtedly k. James's son, 
and bom of the body of the queen. Nor is there 
any body that since that time hardly doubts of it^ 

I March 13. Mr. Bchard (who wrote the History of En^Mid) died at lis- 

Sf2 



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804 RELlQUIiE 1733-34. 

. Feb, SI. Last week the organist's house (com- 
monly called the Mustek School House) on the 
north side of Magd. coIL at a little distance firom 
the college, just by the water side, being on the west 
side of the water, was pulled down, on account of 
the new additional part that is now erecting of the 
college. 

Feb. 22. There were formerly 7 spires in Oxford, 
t>K8. St. Manors, All Hallows, St. Frideswydes, St. 
Mary Osney, Ruly, The White Fryers, and the 
Black Fryers. 

There are now in Oxford 4 spires, viz. St. Marie's, 
All Hallows, St. Frideswydes, and St. Aldate's. 

Osney spire might be seen 15 or 16 miles 6% and 
in it was a most charming tuneable peal of bells, for 
the sake of which abundance of strangers used to 
come to Oxford. 

Feb. 26. Mr. Ballard in his rambles lately met 
with an original picture of Edwin Sandys, archbp. of 
York, which discovers him to have been a man of a 
very reverend and venerable aspect, his hair of a 
light brown^ grey eyM, ruddy of complexion, &c. 

March 10. What we commonly say as merry 
cts a grig, perhaps should be as merry as a Greek. 
Levium GrsBCorum mentio apud antiques scriptbres. 
Et quidem ipse TuUius in oratione pro L. Flacco 
levitatem Orsecorum propriam esse monuit 

coin in Aug^ or Septr. 1739, (at hU ▼isiUtion as archdeacon of Stow,) and 
I prerame was bnry'd there. So Mr. Baker from Cambridge, March 5, 1733. 
[Chahners gites the date as 1 730, and states that he was buried at Unoohi 
withoQt any memoriaL] 



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] 733-34. HEARNIANifi. 805 

Od the 7th inst. Id. Oxford seut me the Chronicle 
of John Sever K He lends it me at my request, 
and says he will lend me any book he hath, and 
wonders I will not go to London and see my friends, 
and see what MSS. and papers are there, and in 
other libraries, that are worth printing. 

I could give several reasons for my not going 
either to London or other places, which however I 
did not trouble his lordship with. Among others, 
'tis probable I might receive a much better welcome 
than I deserve, or is suitable to one that so much 
desires and seeks a private humble life, without the 
least pomp or grandeur. 

I received the said MS. yesterday, being the 9th. 
There are other things in the MS. (which is in folio) 
besides Sever that are worth taking notice of, viz. 
(1) Dares Phrygius. (2) Martinus Polonus's Chro- 
nicle. (S) John Merelynch monk of Glastonbury's 
Additions to Martinus Polonus. In the Martinus 
is the ridiculous, fiibulous story (for such it is cer- 
tainly) about a woman pope, tho' other very good 
MSS. (in that respect preferable to this) want it, as 
Dr. Cave hath observed. 

March 15. The prints tell us, that on Ash- Wed- 
nesday, as his highness the prince of Orange was 
going from Newbury to Abbington, (in order to 

k This wu the iaat MS. that Hewne tranflcribed with a view to pablica- 
tioo, and he was busily engaged OD the work at the time of his deoeaae. See 
Appendix No. I. The MS. as fitted for the press, will be found in the Bod* 
leian MS. Rawl. B. 185. 

3 f3 



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806 RELIQUIiB ] 793-^34. 

see Oxford) and the road lying tbrongh a lane, al- 
most impassable for a ooach^ and very dangerous, 
a wealthy farmer, whose estate lay contiguous, 
threw down the hedges, and opened a way for his 
highness to pass through his grounds; which the 
prince being acquainted with, was pleased to stop ; 
whereupon the fiumer came up to the coach side, 
and acquainted his highness, ^ That he hkd now re* 
^' ceived the most desired honour of his life, in being 
^* able to contribute to the safety of a prince of the 
** House of Orange; that his fietther had the like 
'' honour, when the immortal king William, the glo* 
'' rious deliverer of these kingdoms, passed that way ; 
*' and that the sole thing he had now to desire of 
** Providence wns, that his son and descendants to 
*' the latest ages might have opportunities to testify 
^^ thdr gratitude, by the like zeal to future princes 
'' of that illustrious family." 

The circumstance of the fiurmer's pulling up the 
hedges I am assured is very true, and I hear 'twas 
one Colton, a sorry puritan of Milton, and that the 
lane is Milton lane, the public road, and might have 
been passed well enough, as it commonly is, only 
this fellow had a mind to shew his zeal, as multi- 
tudes else shew their zeal every day to the prince. 

Last nig^t were great illuminations all over Ox* 
ford, and ringing of bells for the marriage of the 
prince of Orange vrith the princess Anne, stiled the 
Princess Royal of England, which was celebrated at 
London with the greatest pomp and splendour last 



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17S3-34. HEARNIANifi. 807 

night He was bom Sept. 1, 171 1, O.S., and she 
was bom Oct. 82, 1709. 

Mar. 16. Mr. El. Fenton, who put out the late 
edition of Waller's Poems, was of Jesus college in 
the uniTersitj of Cambridge, where he took his 
degree of Bach, of Arts, proceeded Mr. at Trin. 
Hall, where he had Mr. Trambull, (son of the late 
sir Wm. Trumbull) under his private care, with 
whom he liv'd and dy'd, and whom he left executor, 
who gave* him the following monument and inscrip- 
tion: 

To the Memory of 
Elijah Fenton 
of Shelton in Staffordshire, who 
dyed at Easthampstead, Anno 1730, aged 
Forty-seaven years ; In Honour of his great 
Integrity and learnings William Trumbull, Esq. 
erected this Monument. 
This modest stone, what few vain marbles can, 
May tmly say — Here lies an honest man ; 
A Poet, blest beyond the Poef's fate, 
Whom Heaven kq>t saored from the proud and great ; 
Foe to loud praise, and Friend to learned ease. 
Content with science, in the Vale of Peace. 
Calmly he looked on either life, and here 
Saw nothing to regret, or there to fear : 
From Nature's template feast rose satisf/d, 
Thank'd Heav'n that he had liv'd, and that he dy'd.— 
A. Pope. 

This epitaph (saith Mr. Baker, who sent it me 
in bis letter from Cambridge of Feb. 19, 1788) con- 

S-F 4 



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808 RELIQUIAE 17S3-34. 

tains Mr. Fenton's trae character : it was composed by 
Mr. Pope, his entire friend ; and yet they were two 
men of very different tempers, such as will want no 
further explaining to you. 

Mar. 19. Learning is sunk so very low, that I am 
most certainly informed, that nothing is now hardly 
read but Burnett's romance or libel, calPd by him 
The History of his Own Times. Tis read by men, 
women, and childre^n. Indeed it is the common 
table-book for ladies as well as gentlemen, especially 
such as are friends to the revolution scheme. 

Mar. 22. King George the lid. (as he ia styled) 
and his wife q. Carolina (as she is callM) and other 
courtiers are very much displeased that the prince of 
Orange met with such a fine handsome reception at 
Oxford. 

Mar. 2S. '' I take it, that Dr. Nathaniel Johnston, 
who wrote the booke [of the King's Visitatorial 
Power] you mention, dyed long since, and that his 
son (Dr. also) has his MSS. which he valued at 
£500. They were some time in an old bookseller's 
hand of York (now dead), in order to try if he could 
get sufficient subscriptions to raise that summe from 
the gentlemen of York ; but it did not succeed, and 
they were sent back to him in the south somewhere, 
but I have forgot the place, but will certainly satisfy 
you from a nephew of the old man, who has a living 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 809 

at Beverley^ within ten miles of tbis place: he's a 
hearty facetious companion. The old Dr. was cer- 
tainly a non-juror, and his son, now living (as I be- 
lieve), is also a non-juror ; I knew and have often 
seen the old Dr.'s brother, who was prior of the 
English Benedictins at Paris when I was there. 
He fled out of England at the assassination plot, and 
a reward was offered by k. Wm. to apprehend him, 
but he kept out of the way, and dyed at Paris. The 
parson in my neighbourhood has had several letters 
from him, mildly exhorting him to be of the old re- 
ligion, telling him that there were but few things 
that kept them separate. This good little monk was 
no writer, tho' long a superiour : he was a pleasant 
good natured man." Mr. Constable. 

^prill. As for great and humble Mr. Wood- 
head's Life, it is entirely at a stand, and it will be 
hard to write his life, partly because few or none 
now cim give any particulars of it, nor could any 
know his private exemplar, and penitential life, 
which he purposely hid from the world, to be more 
united to his God and Saviour. Mr. Constable (from 
whom I had this) hath met with some letters, writ in 
his own hand to a friend of his, a Dr. of Physick, 
who became catholic much at the same time as 
Mr. Woodhead. There are only three or four letters 
of the Dr.'s but they sufficiently shew he was a 
learned man. The dates to both their letters was 
only for the month,, and not the year, but there was 



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810 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

one letter of dean CreBBfn, which was in the bundle, 
dated as to the year, which was 1651. So Mr. Con* 
stable supposes the rest were writ in the same year, 
especially since the matter seems to confirm this 
coi\jecture. Mr. C!onstable would give an hundred 
libs, he had all his letters, writ as these are. They 
would conduce much to the making out his life, 
and shew the honest heart of that humble learned 
man. Mr. Constable will go, if he can, this sum- 
mer, to learn what he can in the country where he 
was bom. 

Camden hath several conjectures about the reason 
of the name of London. I take it to be nothing but 
Longdon or Longtown. 

j4pr. 2. Mr. Constable, in the postscript to his 
letter of Febr. 17, 178S-4, tells me some of Mr. 
Woodhead*8 letters were writ in characters or short- 
hand, and that he had a great and long trouble in 
making them entirely out. He seems (saith he) 
very cautious and timorous, least he should be dis- 
covered to alter his sentiments ai to religion, and 
chaiges Dr. Welby, his friend, to whom all the 
letters are, to bum his letters, and tell nobody his 
sentiments. Dr. Welby is stoute, and tells him he 
thinks if s necessary they should declare themselves, 
but poor Mr. Woodhead is quite against it ; one rea^ 
son is, that he and the Dr. (he says) might doe more 
good undiscovered : he says also that he should be 
rain'd for ever if he declared himself openly. 



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1734. HEARNIANiG. 811 

April 5. Mr. Richd. Clements of Oxon., book- 
seller, told me yesterday, that Dr. Holmes, Vice- 
Cbancellor of Oxford, had desired him not to sell 
nor disperse any of the copies that should be offered 
to him of Mr. Gole of Witney's case, with relation 
to Dr. Hudson's daughter, and the like request he 
hath made to other booksellers in Oxford. This the 
Vice-Chancellor hath done at the desire of sir John 
Boys, whose son is married to the said daughter of 
Dr. Hudscm. This makes people believe that Mr. 
Oole hath more right on his side than some have 
suggested, and that sir John hath not acted so justly 
as he ought in the case, especially too since he gave 
200 libs, to Mr. Gole not to stir in the matter^ which 
however Gole did, the' it was (contrary to what was 
expected at London) given against him. 

April 6. Mr. George Ballard hath lately read 
over the 1st vol. of Wood's Athenae, with much 
pleasure and satis&ction. He vnshes Nicholson had 
used the same diligence in his ^ English Historical 
Library," and that he had given us catalogues of 
every author's works. But in this I cannot agree 
with Mr. Ballard ; the bp.'s design being only to point 
out what relates to our English history, in which 
what he hath done is very usefiill, tho' far from 
being a perfect work, there being strange blunders 
in it, and abundance of defects or omissions. 

April 8. Mr. West has got possession of the cop- 



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812 RELIQUIiG nS4. 

per-plate of Hans Holbein's Dance of Death, etch'd 
by Hollar. 

April 9. Burnet's second romance (so his History 
of his Own Time is justly stiled) was published about 
7 weeks since. It comes down to the treaty of 
Utrecht, and by what I hear from several, (for I 
have not read it myself,) is much of a piece with 
the former, tho' others say, there is less scandal in 
it. It is said, the political characters were given 
him by the author of a book, which I have formerly 
mentioned, now in the catalogue that is printed of 
Tho. Rawlinson's MSS. But it seems the MS. of 
that book was imperfect, and there is a perfect one 
in Rawlinson*s collection. But whether Burnett 
hath these characters from that book^ I leave to 
such as will think it worth while to compare both. 
Burnett must have been the greatest of villains, in 
writing such libells or romances, in order to poison 
present and future ages. For tho' honest wise men 
vrill rightly judge of such performances, and be by 
no means byass'd by them, yet they bear no propor- 
tion to others, who will be sway'd by such books, 
and will greedily imbibe the principles in them, and 
instill them in their children and dependents. 

April 11. They write from Bristol, of the 80th 
past, [being Sat.,] that the Tuesday before [being 
March 26] died the reverend Mr. [Edward] Biss, 
minister of St. George, who in the late reign [of 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 813 

George I.] fell under displeasure of the government, 
for preaching a seditious and treasonable sermon, 
for which he stood in the pillory, had a long impri- 
sonment, and was silenced from preaching. — North- 
ampUm Mercury far Mend. Apr. 8. 1784. 

NB. The said Mr. Bisse was a battler of E^dmund 
hall in Oxford, being about a year my junior, where 
he took the degree of Bach, of Arts and left the 
hall, but after some years he came with his wife to 
Oxford again, and as a member j6f that hall took the 
degree of M.A. on May 10, 1710, at what time his 
wife lay in in Oxford. Soon after he had taken his 
Master of Arts degree, he left Oxford quite, and the 
next news I heard of him was the sermon he preach'd, 
for which he suffered. When he was of Edm. hall he 
was called crazed or mad Bisse, and oft;entimes 
proud Bisse, by which names he was very properly 
called, being indeed a very haughty, crazed, poor 
wretch, deserving pity rather than the pillory, only 
those that did it, did it purely out of spight to the 
clergy. Had they ordered his friends to confine 
him, they had done well, for indeed he was not fit 
to preach. 

Apr. 12. Being yesterday walking between Ferry 
Hinksey and Botley in Berks, former Kirby of Ferry 
Hinksey told me, that at Oddington near Islip in 
Oxfordshire, what in other places is called a yard 
land^ they call a noble of land, saying such a parcel 
of ground consists of so many nobles of land instead 
of so many yards-land. This fanner Kirby lived 



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614 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

three or four years sinoe at Oddington. He married 
his wife from Hinksej, and 'tis that that makes him 
live there. 

Apr. 16. Mr. Pope had the main of his informa- 
tion about Mr. Kirle, commonly call'd tke man of 
Bois^ (whom he oharacterizeth in his poem of the 
Use of Riches) from Jacob Tonson the bookseller, 
who hath purchased an estate of about a thousand 
a year^ and lives in Herefordshire, a man that is a 
great sniyelling, poor-spirited whigg, and good for 
nothing that I know of. Mr. Brome tells me in his 
letter from Ewithington on Not. 28d, 179S, that he 
does not think the truth is strained in any parti- 
oulars of the character, except it be in his being 
founder of the church and spire of Boss, for had he 
lived backward the years of Johannes de temporibus, 
he could have been bom early enough to have been 
so, but he was a great bene&otor: and at the re- 
casting of the bells gave a tenor, a large bell. Nei- 
ther does Mr. Brome find he was founder of any 
hospital, and he thinks his knowledge in medicine 
extended no farther than kitchen physick, of which 
he was very liberal, and might thereby preserve 
many lives. To enable him to perform these ex- 
traordinary bene&ctions, he had a wood, which per- 
haps once in about fifteen years might bring him in 
between a 1000 and 15001bs. I will say of him with 
Petrarch — 

O fortunate, che si ohiara tromba 
Trovasti, et'ohi di te si alto scrisse. 



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47S4. HEARNIANiE. 815 

April 18. Yesterday Mr. Matthew Gibflon, mi- 
nister of Abbey Dore in Herefordshire, just called 
upon me. I askM him whether he knew Mr. Kirle, 
commonly calFd the tnan (if Boss. He said he did 
very well, and that his (Mr. Matthew Gibson's) wife 
is his near relation ; I think he said he was her uncle. 

I told him, the said man of Ross was an extra- 
ordinary charitable generous man, and did much 
good. He said he did do a great deal of good, but 
that 'twas all out of vanity and ostentation, being 
the vainest man living, and that he always .hated his 
relations, and would never look upon, or do any 
thing for them, tho' many of them were very poor. 

I know not what credit to give to Mr. Gibson in 
that account^ especially since this same Gibson hath 
more than once, in my presence, spoke inveterately 
against that good honest man Dr. Adam Ottley, late 
bp. of St. David's. Besides, this Gibson is a crazed 
man, and withall stingy, tho' he be rich, and hath no 
child by his wife. 

AprU 80. Just printed and published, A prae- 
tieal Grammar of the Greek Tongue. Tis in 
English, the author anonymous. He had before 
printed and published ''A Practical Latin Grammar:" 
both are in 8vo ; the Latin one I have not run over, 
but have just perused the Greek one, which is dedi- 
cated to the hon^^. John Scrope, esq. This Scrope 
is a great whig, and was member of parliament for 
Bristol (when this Greek grammar came out) in the 



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816 RELlQUIiE 1?34. 

parliament tbat is just dissolved. He was a zealous 
man, and voted for the excise bill. Whoever the 
author be, he is a forward conceited fellow, and 
endeavours to bring new iangled ways of teaching 
into vogue. He would have Greek learned before 
Latin, and that children and youth should learn 
grammatical rules in English, not in Latin. Yet 
his rules are so hard, as that it is impossible for 
children and youth to understand them without 
understanding Latin. I was soon weary of him, he 
is so whiggish, as even to put and recommend Dr. 
Clarke (who put out a piece of Homer) both in his 
index (for there is an index to this grammar) and in 
the book. For my part, I think that should youth 
follow Clarke, they would be heterodox both in 
divinity and grammar. Clarke, 'tis well known, (and 
it hath been often proved,) was heterodox in divinity, 
and I have no better opinion (at least since he is re- 
commended by this anonymous) for his grammatical 
skill, especially since his Homer is stolen from 
Barnes's edition. Mr. Barnes hath grammatical 
notes all along, such as •Dr. Rob. Friend used to 
make his boys read at Westminster school, which 
have been stolen by Dr. Clarke, and used as his 
own, and 'tis these that anonymous recommends as 
curious, without taking notice of Mr. Barnes, the best 
skiird in poetical Greek of any man in the world, 
stiling Dr. Clarke ^* the accurate and most learned 
** Dr. Clarke." He transcribes whole Latin passages 
from his beloved Clarke. He writes asperate instead 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 817 

of aspirate, purely because of a lenis and asper^ but 
though asper the adjective be proper, yet aspero is 
not so, but aspiro. But since he is for English, he 
should have express'd every thing, even lenis^ asper, 
&c. in English. I never knew such English per- 
formances as this grammar do good, and I am there- 
fore &r from expecting it from this, no more than 
ever I found or heard of any good service that Eng- 
lish logicks have done. 

May 2. Yesterday an attempt was made upon 
New college bells of 6876 changes. They began a 
quarter before ten in the morning, and rang very 
well till four minutes after twelve, when Mr. Brick- 
land, a schoolmaster of St. Michael's parish, who 
rang the fifth bell, missing a stroke, it put a stop to 
the whole, so that they presently set them, and so 
sunk the peal, which is pity, for 'twas really very 
true ringing, excepting five faults, which I observ'd 
(for I heard all the time, tho' 'twas very wet all the 
while) in that part of the Parks which is on the 
east side of Wadham college, where I was very 
private; one of which five faults was the treble, 
that was rung by Mr. Richard Heame, and the other 
four were faults committed by the abovesaid Mr, 
Brickland, who 'twas feared by several beforehand 
would not ftilly perform his part, but they took him 
now, because Mr. Broughton (who otherwise should 
have rang) was out of town, attending as barber in 
a progress of Magd. coll. Excepting this Broughton 

So 



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818 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

and Mr. George, the ringers were all the same with 
those mentioned under Jan. S4 last. Mr. George's 
hands (he is above fifty years old) being not quite 
recovered of some blisters he received the last ring- 
ing on April 15 last, Mr. Nash, a cabinetmaker, 
(who came from London, but now lives in Oxford,) 
who is an excellent ringer, supply'd his place, and 
rang the 3d bell, so they were as follows : 



Mr. Heame thelst.ortreble. 
Mr. Vicars the M. 
Mr. Nash the 3d. 
Mr. Terry the 4th. 
Mr. Brickland the 5th. 



Mr. Yate the 6th i. 

Mr. Smith the 7th. 

Mr. Barnes the 8th. 

Mr. Lloyd the 9th. 

Mr. Ben well the 10th or tenor. 



When I mention'd afterwards my observations to 
ye said Mr. Smith, he told me, that tho' he . rung 
himself, yet he minded the &ults also himself. Upon 
which I asked him how many there were ? He said 
three before that which stopp'd them. I told him 
there were just five before that, at which he ad- 
mired my niceness. 

They rang in the said two hours and nineteen 
minutes 3475 changes, which wanted 3401 of the 
number proposed. 

May 6. Bp. Burnet has (as Mr. Baker observes 
to me by letter of Apr. 28 last from Carabr.) some- 
where accounted for that Treatise of Polygamy &c., 
(i. e. his two cases of polygamy and divorce,) and (as 
for as he remembers) disowns it, in the dress and 

* Mr. Yate before rang the 5th, and then ihe sixth was rung by Mr. 
Broughton, in whose room Mr. Brickland was now taken. 



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1734. HEARNIAN^. 819 

manner it now goes abroad. *' No man '* (saitfa Mr. 
Baker) ** ever had more enemies, or has been more 
** despitefnlly treated : I wish you could find time to 
** read his life, wrote by his son, which has given me 
^' more entertainment than his History has done." 

Notwithstanding this, I am pretty sure of the 
genuineness of the two cases. I have them in MSS., 
and they are sad wretched vile stuff. I am also 
pretty well assured they were in the MS. of his 
History (that libell) of his Own Times, however left 
out by his son Thomas, author of his Life, who when 
young at Oxford bore the same character for modesty, 
probity and veracity vrith his fiather. 

May 8. In the Most excellent Way qf hearing 
Mass^ printed a^. 1687) 12^. are many curious things 
fit for protestants to observe, without regard to the 
superstitious errors. 

May 13. On Thursday last, being the 9th of May, 
St. Mary's (Oxford) weather-cock fell down, as the 
great bell was ringing at 9 o'clock in the morning 
for a congregation. It had been loose for some time. 
The cock fell upon the church, the tail into the 
churchyard. Upon the tail was fastened a piece of 
lead, on which this inscription : 

THOMAS BOWMAN 

CHURCH WARDENS 
THOMAS ADAMS 

QEORGE WEST ELECT CHURCH WARDEN 

THIS ^EEPLE WAS REPAIRED 

AN. DOM. 1669. 

8g2 



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820 RELIQUIAE 1734. 

Upon the cock was also an inscription, but, ex- 
cepting here and there a letter, defac'd, yet so as, 
perhaps, with pains the traces might be explained. 

I was told the repair of the steeple cost about 
58 libs. 

Between 30 and 30 years s|nce, I think nearer SO 
years agoe, the said steeple was new pointed by a 
man, who was in many parts of England on the 
same account. He at that time took down the 
weather-cock, and 'twas mended, and afterwards he 
fixed it again. 

I afterwards heard, that that man was killed from 
some steeple he was pointing, the rope breaking 
which drew him up in the bucket or frame prepared 
for him. 

The oldest church rate for St. Marie's is of the 
year 1509. 

Richard Fitz James, bp. of London, repaired the 
said church of St. Marie's. He became bp. of Lon- 
don anno 1506. He bestowed much money in the 
said repair. He died a^. 1521. He was 1st bp. of 
Rochester, being consecrated a". 1496, translated 
thence to Chichester a^. 1504, and thence to London 
Aug. 2, 1506. Godwin Ed. Engl. p. 203. It is 
commonly said that he repaired St. Marie's in 
Hen. 7th's time. 

May 17. Mr. Theobalds (Mr. Baker tells me) is a 
very genteel man, and has show'd himself a scholar / 
in his Shakespeare, which I just run over, and might 
(were it not quite out of my way) have made ob- 



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1734. HEARNIAN.E. 821 

servations. I noted, however^ that he had taken too 
great liberty. I wish rather he had foUow'd the 
first editions very exactly^ be they faulty or not 
Shakespeare wanted learning. He was guilty of 
pseudography, sometimes perhaps designedly. He 
(Mr. Theobalds) is too bold in bringing his own 
conjectures into the text, which (it may be) will lay 
him too open to his adversaries, and make them say 
Shakespeare wants as much to be restored as ever, 
and that his edition is not of much greater authority 
than that of Mr. Pope, who is much inferior to Mr. 
Theobalds in learning. Mr. Theobalds hath all along, 
very often justly enough, discovered and reflected 
upon Mr. Pope's defects, which will, without doubt, 
nettle Mr. Pope, who, however, may thank himself, 
he having in his Dunciad (a scurrilous piece against 
many of the greatest men of the age) treated Mr. 
Theobalds in a very barbarous manner, for which 
Mr. Pope is much blamed. Mr. Theobalds was not 
of the university of Cambridge, nor, I presume, of 
any. He wrote a play before he was nineteen years 
of age, and has since translated several from the 
Greek*". He had a very able schoolmaster, Mr. 

m These tnnslatioxu were highly esteemed by the late eminent scholar and 
jndicioiis critic, Richard Porson, as I well remember hearing from his friend 
and admirer, my old schoolmaster, the rev. Thomas Kidd, then one of the 
ushers at Merchant Taylors' school. They were published at intervals, and 
oopiBB are peculiarly scarce. I do not believe any one of them will be 
found on the shelves of the Bodleian, rich as it is in every spedes of dramatic 
poetry. I subjoin a list that may be usefrd : they are all in la", and should 
each have a plate. 

L. JBiecira : a truggdif, fnm Saphodeg, with notes. London, for Bernard 
Lintott — 1 7 1 4. Dedicated to Addison. 

3g 8 



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822 HELIQUIiE 1/34 

Ellis of our university, and some while of the uni- 
versity of Cambridge, under whom he was well 
grounded. 

May 21. I begin to think that Borde" was author 
of the History of Tom TTiumb. It relates to some 
dwarf, and he is reported to have been king Edgar's 
dwarf, but we want history for it, and I fear the 
author Borde (or whoever he was) had only tradition, 
the original being perhaps lost before Hen. Vlllth's 
time. 

May 22. What makes me think Tom Thumb is 
founded upon history, is the method of those times 
of turning true history into little pretty stories, of 
which we have many instances, one of which is Guy 
of Warwick, which, however corrupted and blended 
with fabulous accounts, is however in the main very 
true, as may appear from Girardus Comubiensis that 
I printed at the end of The Chronicle of Dun- 
staple. 

May 23. Yesterday in the forenoon I accidentally 

a. The Clouds : a ocmedy^ from Arittopkanes. London, for Jonaa Brown — 
1715. Dedicftted to John Olanville, esq. 

3. PltUutf or the Worl^t Idol x a eorMdy^from Ari$tophanes. London, 
for Jonas Browne— 1 715. Dedicated to John duke of Argjle. 

4. Oedipus, King qjT Thebet : a tragedy from Sofhoetee, wUh noUt. 
London, for Bernard Lintott — 1 715. Dedicated to the earl of Roddngfaam. 

Similar in sixe and appeanmce, with a plate, and London, printed for 
Bernard Lintott, is AJeut qf Sophocles t from the Greek, with notes. This 
was however translated by a Mr. Jackson, and revised by Rowe. 

n Of Borde, in addition to the usual sources of information, see a good 
account in the Sussex Archaeological Collections, vol. 6, (1853) p. 204. 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 823 

saw, and exchanged a very few words with, an old 
schoolfellow, Mr. Samuel Cherry, whom I had not 
seen for many years, never since queen Anne's time, 
when I saw him in the Bodleian Gallery, at which 
time he was an ensign. He told me he was still a 
souldier, being now a lieutenant, and came yesterday 
from Bister to see somebody at Oxford. He is the 
elder brother of my late friend Mr. Thomas Cherry, 
who died in 1706, whom I have mentioned in Le- 
land's Itinerary. But he is nothing near so person- 
able a man as his said brother. I went to school 
with both of them at Bray in Berks. Their uncle 
was Wm. Cherry, esq., father of my best friend Mr. 
Francis Cherry. I should have been glad to have 
had a pretty deal of conversation with this Mr. Sam. 
Cherry, had a convenient opportunity offered, that 
we might have been private, and had not he been of 
the Georgian strain, as without doubt he is, being 
an officer in George's army. 

May 26. Dr. Thomas Pamell was archdeacon of 
Clogher in Ireland. He was a very ingenious man. 
His poems were published by Mr. Pope. He took 
at last to immoderate drinking of mild ale, which 
kill'd him when he viras hardly 40. 'Tis said he 
translated Homers Iliad into English in excellent 
prose, and that Mr. Pope afterwards put it into 
verse, and that this is what goes for Mr. Pope's 
translation of the Iliad, that he (Mr. Pope) under- 
stands little or nothing of the original. 

So 4 



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824 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

May 27. " A Critical Review of the Public Build- 
ings. Statues and OrnameDts in and about London 
and Westminster. To which is prefixed the dimen- 
sions of St. Peter s Church at Rome, and St. Paul's 
Cathedral at London." Lond. 1784, 8vo. Price one 
shilling and sixpence. 

The author, whoever he is, is an ill-natured, con- 
ceited, censorious, prophane pedant. Tis dedicated 
to the earl of Burlington, whom he makes to be the 
only true judge of building. He undertook this 
book, to be sure^ out of spleen, abd with a design 
that buildings should be pulled down, that others 
may be put up in their stead by such as he, who aim 
at wealth. I like what he says of king James lid's 
statue in brass at Whitehall (pag. 46) ; vm. the atti- 
tude is fine, the manner free and easy, the execution 
finish'd and perfect, and y* expression in y« face in- 
imitable : it explains y® very soul of that unhappy 
monarch, and it is therefore as valuable as if it com- 
memorated the features and form of a hero. 

May 28. P. 64 of the abovementioned '' Critical 
Review" he makes sir Godfrey Eneller's tomb in 
Westm. Abbey wretched, tho' the monument was 
designed by sir Godfrey himseU^ and executed by 
Rysbrack, and is so far from answering the idea we 
might conceive of it from two such great names, 
that it hardly excites common attention or curiosity, 
unless to read the epitaph, which is exactly of 
a piece with the tomb, and as unworthy of Mr. 



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1734. HEARNIANA:. 825 

Pope's genius, as the design of that is of Kneller's 
pencil. 

lb. p. 74. The plainness and simplicity of Dr. 
[John Friend's] bust [in Westm. Abbey] pleases me 
much; and if his epitaph had been in the same 
gout, it would have been at least as high a compli- 
ment both to the scholar and physician. 

lb. p. 75. By the way, I cannot overlook the droll 
figure, lately set up [in Westm. Abbey] at the charge 
of a noble peer [lord Oxford] to the memory of 
[Dr.] Orabe the commentator : he is elevated on a 
high sort of a funeral chest, with a lamp by his side 
and a pen in his hand, to represent, I suppose, his 
unwearied application to study in his life-time ; but 
then the ridiculous height of the statue, the clum- 
siness of the attitude, and the odness of the employ, 
never fail to excite laughter in all who behold them : 
in short, he looks like a boy on a high joint-stool, 
kicking his heels about, and airaid of tumbling every 
moment. 

lb. p. 77. I am always much surpris'd to see [in 
Westm. Abbey] so wretched a thing as that erected 
to the memory of Mr. [John] Phillips, inscrib'd vrith 
the name of Harcourt. One would have naturally 
imagined that whoever aim'd at publick ornament 
would endeavour at something like elegance too; 
one would have expected it in a more eminent de- 
gree from such a name as tlus : but on the contrary, 
nothing is more opposite, nothing can be more con- 
temptible : it is even a burlesque upon monuments, 



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826 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

and instead of doing honour to the founder^ or the 
person 'tis consecrated to, indicates very strongly 
that either one had not merit enough to deserve a 
better, or the other had not spirit and taste enough 
to do it justice. 

May 29. Mr. Alexander Pope, who is look'd 
upon as one of the most cursed ill-natured proud 
fellows in the world, was however very kind and du- 
tifull to his mother, who hath not been dead long. 

June 1. Mr. Wood reflects (by the advice of some 
of his popish correspondents) too severely upon 
bp. Ponet and Bahy for what they say of Dr. An- 
drew Boorde's lewdness. One that was no bishop, 
Will. Harrison, in his Description of England before 
Hollinshead, p. 173, calls this Dr. Boorde " a lewde 
popish hypocrite, and an ungratious priest." He was 
a priest, being reckoned among the Charterhouse 
monks, who were such when they made their sub- 
mission, as may be seen in Rymer, vol. xiv. p. 492. 
So bp. Tanner; vi%. in epta ad me dat. ex 1£Aq 
X« Maii 29, 17S4. 

But I must needs say, that I think Boorde was a 
virtuous man, and did not deserve the character of 
being lewd, notwithstanding that two or three have 
said to the contrary : Bale's ill-nature and rancour are 
well enough known, and I think Mr. Wood's remark 
is just enough. 

June 3. Having sent some very cursory notes, re- 



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J734. HEARNIAN.«. 827 

lating to Mr. Theobald's Shakespeare, to Mr. Baker 
of Cambridge, in his letter of May 26th 1734, from 
Cambridge to me he writes thus : 

" You have show'd yourself a true critic upon 
** Mr. Th., and a very candid censurer of his adver- 
" sary, [Mr. Alexander Pope,] for which I cannot 
** blame you, for it is very Christian to be forgiving. 
" I must confess, that I, tho' less concerned, had some 
^' indignation, and, for that reason partly, became a 
*• subscriber. I wish Mr. Th. had been known to 
** you ; I know of none that could have done him 
'* better service, if you had had leisure from more 
^* serious studies. I had gone no further than * his 
" preface, which bears pretty hard upon his adver- 
" sary." 

June 18. Mr. Pope is extremely nettled with 
Mr. Theobald for publishing Shakespeare, and ani- 
madverting upon him, the said Pope, and Mr. Pope, 
as I find, in defence of himself uses nothing but 
scurrilities, and the most indecent unbecoming lan- 
guage, agreeable to his pride, being said by impar- 
tial men to be one of the proudest creatures living. 

June 16. When Mr. West was in Oxford on May 
29 last, he gave me Mr. Groole's book about his case 
with Dr. Hudson's daughter. 

It appears plainly from thence that there was a 
most solemn contract between them, and that Mr. 
Goole acted very honourably with respect to that 
contract. 



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828 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

There is some little controversy at the beginniDg 
about her age, in which Mr. Goole is mistaken, oc- 
casioned by an alteration of the date written by Dr. 
Hudson's own hand in a Bible. 

I never saw that Bible, in which Mr. Goole ob- 
serves 'tis corrected 1712, whereas he thinks it 
should be 1710, and confirms it by Dr. Hall's pre- 
face to Josephus, in which Dr. Hall says, Dr. Hud- 
son's daughter was novem annorum when Dr. Hud- 
son died a^ 1719. 

But Mr. Goole is out in his correction; I have 
the time of her birth put down at the time. By my 
account. 

Dr. Hudson was married Apr. 2, 1710. 

His daughter Margaret, about whom the dispute 
is, was bom Tuesday, July 24th 1711, and baptizM 
Thursday, Aug. 2, 1711* So she was in her 9th year 
when her father Dr. Hudson died. 

At the end of Mr. Groole's book is Dr. Hudson's 
will, dated Sept. 27» 1719. But in it is no mention 
of his books, all which, viz. as many as were not 
there before, he gave by will to University college 
Library, and accordingly by virtue thereof they had 
them^ and the rest were sold by auction. 

June 18r Dr. Coxhead, warden of New College, 
hath this year made a door out of his lodgings into 
the street, a thing much taken notice of as against 
the statutes, by persons that are not for innova- 
tions. 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 829 

June 19' We have an account from the prints, 
that on the 12th inst. new style, James Fitz-James, 
(eldest natural son of k. James II.) duke of Berwick, 
was killed before Philipsburgh by a cannon ball, 
upon which his sister the duchess of Buckingham- 
shire, the lady viscountess Falmouth, and the hon. 
Mrs. Arabella Dunch of Whitehall, are going into 
deep mourning for his death. He was natural son 
of the said k. James II. by Mrs. Anibella Churchill, 
sister of the late duke of Marlborough, and had the 
title of duke of Berwick, as likewise the garter, 
conferred upon him by that prince. He serv'd in 
the French army from his infancy, and distinguished 
himself in several actions during the late war. He 
rose to be marshal of France, the highest honour the 
Christian king can bestow, not more by favour than 
by his services to that prince ; and as he was one of 
the oldest, so he was the best general the French 
had. He has left three sons, the eldest duke of 
Fitz-James, the second duke of Liria in Spain, hav- 
ing received that honour from his catholick majesty, 
whose ambassador he was some time to the court 
of Vienna, and the third is in the service of the 
church. The duke was slain as he was bravely act- 
ing against the emperor, in behalf of the French, in 
the present war between both. 

June 28. Sir Clement Cottrell, knt, the present 
master of the ceremonies, though in the court in- 
terest, is nevertheless a man of honour, and descended 



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830 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

from very worthy ancestors. He is a scholar and 
an antiquary, and well skill'd in matters of proceed- 
ing and ceremony. 

July 9. Anno 1733 came out at London a little 
book in 12°., being the third edition of Campana- 
logia, or the Art of Ringing. 

One Annables is now putting out a new edition 
of the same book, which *tis said will be the best 
book of its kind that ever yet was printed on that 
subject. 

The said Annables is one of the London ringers, 
that rung at Oxford at Whitsuntide in 1733. He 
rang the 9th bell, and is judged to understand ring- 
ing as well as, if not better than, any man in the 
world ". 

Jvly 12. Joseph Scaliger*s JElenckus Trihteresii^ 
tho' a small book, yet excellent, and can never be 
commended too much, as is observed by Isaac Casau- 
bon in his Exercitt. upon Baronius, p. 65. 

■ Heome was passionately fond of bell-ringing, (although I do not find that 
he practised it himself,) and records many of the exploits in that science in 
Oxford, which are omitted as not of goneral interest now, although the cus- 
tom of gownsmen exercising themselves in this amusement was not uncommon 
in the last century. I had an uncle, then fellow, afterwards an incumbent, of 
New coUege, who frequently indulged in a peal on the college bells, and Dr. 
Ganntlett the late warden had been no mean performer in his younger days. 

Under Dec 3, Heame gives a very long account of a peal rung at Ch. 
Ch. on the 5th of Nor. preceding. The peal, he says, was spoUed, and 
he insinuates that there was a sufficient cause for it, concluding with this re- 
mark, " Indeed there can never be any true ringing, but by persons that 
<' come to it perfectly sober." 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 831 

July 14. The prints of the 6th of this month tell 
us (and 'tis what I had heard by other hands), that 
a few days before died at his seat at Ford-Abbey in 
Devonshire, aged 91, Francis Gwyn, esq., descended 
from the ancient family of the Herberts, earls of 
Pembroke, one of this gentleman's ancestors having 
changed his name by act of Parliament. He was 
clerk of the privy comicil in the reign of Charles II., 
which post he enjoyed under his successor k. James. 
When the said king James was abdicated, he was 
appointed to act as secretary to those noble lords, 
who took care of the publick peace, till William, 
prince of Orange, was proclaimed, and had an un- 
limited power given him to sign all dispatches and 
orders in that critical time. He continued in the 
service of the crown from thence till the death of 
queen Anne, when, being secretary at war, he was 
removed from that and all other employments. He 
married Amy, daughter and sole surviving heiress of 
Prideaux, esq., in whose right he became pos- 
sessed of that ancient, noble, and spacious seat 
called Ford- Abbey, with a fair estate round it, which 
now descends to his eldest son, Edward Prideaux 
Gwyn, esq. 

I have seen at my room, as well as at Christ 
Church, some years ago, and conversed at both 
places with the said Francis Gwyn, esq. He was a 
man of great honour, probity and honesty, of sin- 
gular good nature and great affability. He was ex- 
traordinary well versed in the history and antiquities 



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832 HELIQUIiE 1734- 

of this kingdom, as well as of other parts of Great 
Britain. He enjoyed a vigorous coarse of health, 
being a temperate man, and using much exercise. 
He was my friend, as is also his son the foresaid 
Edward Prideaux Gwyn, esq., who was, when he 
was of Oxford, one of my intimate acquaintance, 
being one of those many young gentlemen (noble- 
men and others) that used to walk so much with me, 
and to meet me so often at divers places, where we 
enjoyed abundance of innocent mirth, and discoursed 
of antiquities and other useful matters. They have 
often said this was the most happy part of their life. 

July 17. The prints also tell us, that on Thursday 
the 11th inst. the duke of Portland was marry'd to 
the only daughter and heiress of the earl of Oxford. 
He was bom in 1712-18. She is in the 18th year 
of her age. 

July 19. The duke of Portland, to whom lord 
Oxford's daughter is just married, is reported to be 
the handsomest man in England. The young lady 
his wife is also very handsome. The princess Amelia, 
daughter of the present k. George II., is said to have 
been wonderfoUy in love with him, and would fain 
have had him if she could. His father was Henry 
Bentinck, earl of Portland, and his grandfather Wil- 
liam Bentinck, earl of Portland, a Dutch man, who 
was first of all page to the late prince of Orange, 
k. Wm. Hid, by whom he was preferred to great 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 883 

posts of honour, the said prince being strangely in 
love with him. 



Aug. 8. The prints of Thursd. July 25 last tell us, 
that they wrote from Bristol, that one day the week 
before, a carpenter sitting down in a field near Bed- 
minster to rest himself, a viper rushed out of a 
hedge, and bit him by the hand : the venom morti- 
fy'd all down the side he was bit on, before any re- 
lief could be applied by the surgeons, and he died 
after 4 days languishing, in a very miserable condi- 
tion. His body was obliged to be burnt without 
ceremony, the stench was so offensive. It may be 
here noted, that in such accidents as this, sallad oil 
applied warm to the wound is an effectual cure. 
There are Bristol men in Oxford who confirm the 
truth of the preceding story. 

Aug. 5. Yesterday call'd upon me, and staid a 
little while, a young gent, who said his name was 
Fontane. I understood by him that he was a Dutch- 
man. He wanted to talk with me about MSS. of 
Theophrastus, he being about a new ed. I told him 
editions were very common. He said, the best were 
very scarce. He said, the best ed. was Dr. Pet. 
Needham's. I told him, I had sent Needham what 
we had at Bodley. He said, he had found some 
MSS. notes of Is.Casaubon in Bodley. But *tis 
well known that Casaubon published Theophrastus, 
and printed from his own adversaria what he thought 

3h 



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834 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

proper: Dutchmen are for multiplying editions to 
no purpose, with burthens of notes to perplex and 
amuse the reader. 

August 12. I must remember to write to Dr. 
Bawlinson, to know who is made a rt. revd. in the 
room of Mr. Gandy deceased ? 

Also to congratulate him for his benefactions (at 
least designed ones) with respect to his giving du- 
plicate books to the univ. of Oxford, tho' I fear he 
met with opposition, not only in that point, but 
likewise in his endeavour to obtain some materials 
from the Oxford registers, in order to the better 
canying on his book about the non-juring sufferers, 
particularly those of the clergy. 

August 16. To write to Dr. Archer, to know of 
him, whether he hath in his registers or other books 
met with John Merelynch, a monk of Glastonbury, 
who wrote an account in Latin of some of our Eng- 
lish and Irish affairs. 

[N.B. I wrote to him Tuesd. Aug. 27.] 

August 17. The said account of some of our 
English and Irish affairs is at the end of Martinus 
PolonuSy in bibliotkeca Harleina, I am now copy- 
ing it, to be printed by me with John Bever, which 
I have also from the same library. Merelynch is of 
affairs the 9 first years of pope John, 22 temp. Edv. 
Ildi regis Anglic. 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 8.15 

August 19. Dr. Thoraaa Hyde is now very much 
wanted, upon account of his great skill in the Ori- 
ental languages, particularly in the Persian. He 
design'd to have published the works of Zoroastres 
in Persian and Latin, had he met with any en- 
couragement; but this he did not, but the quite 
contrary, for which 'tis great pity, since to have had 
them printed would have been of wonderfull service 
to the learned world. He had a prodigious genius 
for languages, but was wonderfull slow of speech, 
and his delivery so very low, that 'twas impossible 
to hear what he said, insomuch that when he 
preached one Sunday morning at Christ Church, at 
my first coming to Oxford, after he had been in the 
pulpit an hour and half, or thereabouts, most of y^ 
congregation went out of y« church, and the Vice- 
Chancellor sent to him to come down, which with 
much ado he did, nobody being able to hear a word 
be said. He was a corpulent man, and when he 
walkM, would hardly ever look on one side or the 
other, tho' touch'd by any one, in passing by him. 
Yet he would be merry and facetious in discourse. 

August 20. Sunday (being the 18tli) was the 
annual meeting of the High Borlase, but being the 
sabbath, the meeting was not held till yesterday, at 
the King's head tavern, as usual in Oxford, when 
the company was less than last year. They chose 
for their lady patroness miss Anne Cope, daughter 
of sir Jonathan Cope of Bruern. 

3 H 2 



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836 RELIQUIAE 1734. 

August 26. Sir Thomas Sebright proposed this 
last High Borlace, that Mr. Moseley of Merton 
college might be admitted a member of the said 
Borlace, but he was rejected. 

August 27. Dr. Wm. Baker, late fellow of St. 
John's coll. Cambridge, was chaplain formerly to sir 
Philip Sydenham, (at my friend Mr. Thomas Baker 
of that college's recommendation,) and was pre- 
ferred by him to the little rectory of Brimpton. 
They liv*d together some time in perfect friendship ; 
what provocation was after given I cannot surely 
say, but sir Philip drew upon him, and the Dr. 
closing with him disarmed him, and broke his sword, 
which was never after forgiven. From that time 
my friend aforesaid lost sir Ph., and yet he did 
not please the doctor, which is commonly the fate 
of neuters. The Dr.'s brother (with whom I thought 
this quarrel had been, till I was very lately better 
informed) was of Christ Church, who being left his 
executor was lately at St. John's, to adjust accounts 
with the college, which are very considerable, the 
Dr. dying their bursar. The said Mr. Baker (who 
was of Christ Church) is named Thomas. I knew 
him. He was famed for singing. 

August 28. Wrote to day to Dr. Rawlinson, at 
London House, signifying, that as he designed many 
special books for the university, so I supposed he 
irfet with a grateful return, as I likewise hoped that 



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1734. HEARNIANiB. 837 

he received full satisfaction with respect to the in- 
quiries he had to make, the better to enable him to 
carry on the worthy work, that was begun about 
the non-jurors, particularly the clergy, by Mr. (Sandy, 
whose successor I desired the Dr. to send me. I 
also desired the Dr. to let me know whether Mr. 
Wm. Oldisworth (who was of Hart hall) be dead 
or no, as T am told he is. He hath liv'd in London 
of late. He hath written several things, and pro- 
fessing honest principles, the Dr. could not be ig- 
norant of him. 

August 30. I was told yesterday, by a gentleman 
of Brazen nose college, that Mr. Aynsworth hath 
finished and printed his Dictionary, but that 'tis not 
yet published. 

Mr. Aynsworth formerly kept a boarding school, 
and had a very flourishing school. His wife is dead, 
but he had no children. He is not in orders. He 
was bom in Lancashire, in which county he is about 
making a settlement, being down there at present, 
for the poor for ever, having no relations but at a 
great distance. He hath been said to be a non- 
juror. I think he is rather a Calvinist. Enquire 
whether he were ever of any imiversityP? He hath 
a very great collection of coins. A maid servant 



' Mr. Baker bath seen the Monumenta Kempiana, but knows nothing 
more (d Bdr. A jnsworth than that he is the publisher of that book ; so that 
I tappose Mr. Aynsworth was of no anirersity, at least of no English one. 
Oct 15, 1734. 

8 H 8 



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838 RELIQUIiB 1734. 

robb'd bim of many gold and silver ones. Dr. Mid- 
dleton Massey is much acquainted witb bim. He 
is well spoken of in Westminster school. 

Sept. 8. K. John died A?. 1216 at Newark. His 
physician was the abbot of Croxtun^ who was- (as 
John Beaver in his chronicle MS. penes comitem 
Oxon, tells us) in arte mecUcime eruditus. The 
said abbot's name was Thomas de Wodestoke, who 
was elected first abbot on Pentecost day 1178. He 
died the 2d non. of Dec. 1229. Willis, vol. II, 
p. 216. 

Sept. 6. A conge-de-elire hath been ordered to 
be sent to the dean and chapter of Winchester, for 
electing Dr. Benj. Hoadley, bp. of Sarum, to be bp. 
of Winch. : also to Sarum, for Dr. Sherlock, bp. of 
Bangor, to be bp. of Sarum ; and to Gloucester, for 
Dr. Rundall, prebendary of Durham, to be bp. of 
Gloucester. N.B. Rundall being violently objected 
against by Edm. Gibson, bp. of London &c., he was 
set aside, and Martin Benson made bp. of Gloue. 
instead of him. 

Hoadley kiss'd k. George's hand for the said see 
of Winchester on Friday Aug. 80 last. 

Sept. 10. Mr. West, in going through part of 
South Wales, at Uske met lately with the following 
inscription in the churchyard : Here lies the body 
of Edward Lewis^ who was condemned/or a priest 



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1734. HEARNIAN^. • 839 

and a Jesuit^ and executed the 27th of August 
1679- Seati mortui qui in Domino moriuntur. 

Sept. 15. One Charles Davis (a bookseller of Pater- 
noster Bow) wrote to me, that be should shortly put 
to the press and reprint bp. Nicholson's JSnglish, 
Scotch and Irish Historical Lihrarys^ in one 
volume folio. He said an intimate friend of his as- 
sured, him that I had corrected and made large ad- 
ditions to the whole ; if I cared to communicate 
them in order to be made publick, he said he should 
be glad to make me any reasonable acknowledg- 
ment. He desired an answer per post. 

Accordingly I returned him answer on the 5th, 
vi%. 

SlB, 

You tell me an intimate friend of yoiur's hath assured 
you that I have corrected and made hx^ additions to 
bp. Nicholson's English, Scotch and Irish Librarys. You 
will excuse me from saying more, Hill you tell me the name 
of your intimate friend. I am, Sir, 

your most humble servant, 
Edmund Hall, Oxford, THO. HEARNE. 

Sept. 5, 1734. 

Since which I have heard no more from Davis. 
Nor is it likely that he will discover the name. For 
if any one told him so, he told him a great lye; and 
if no one told him so, then Davis himself must have 
forged a great lye. 

As for the said Davis, he is the same that a few 
years since was prosecuted for reprinting a very vile 

3h4 



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840. RELIQUIiE 1734. 

book on purpose to get money. So that I should 
not care to do anj thing for him. Indeed I do not 
care to have any thing more to do with any book- 
sellers, I mean, to write any thing for them, or to 
let them have any thing of mine to print, whatever 
friendly service I may do for them in other parti- 
culars. 

When Mr. Burton called upon me on Tuesday 
last, he spoke also of reprinting Nicholson^ s 8 Hist. 
Libraries in one foUo, and said Mr. Woodward, a 
London bookseller, designed it, but he said not one 
word <tf Davis. Nor did I take any notice of Davis 
to him®. 

* Oot, 30. On the 28th of Sept. last Charles Davis wrote me an answer to 
mine of the 5th of that month, as follows : 

Sir, Sept. 18th 1734. 

Having been out of town I was prevented answering your letter sooner. 
The gentleman's name is Mr. Burton. 1 am, Sir, 

Your most humble servant, to command^ 
To Mr. Tho. Heame, at Cha. Dayib. 

Edmund Hall, Ozon. These 
Postpaid. 

So Davis's letter. Upon which I thought fit to stay, till I had (as I ex- 
pected) an opportunity of seeing Mr. Burton (vur. Edward Burton, esq.), who 
calling upon me last Sunday (Oct 17} told me, he was so fax from being 
Mr. Davis's intimate friend, that he did not know him. Upon which I wrote 
to day the foUowing letter to Bfr. Davis. 

To Mr. Charles Davis, Bookseller, in Ptttemoster Row, London. 

8lB» 

I received yours of Sept. 18th last, and on the aTth of this instant October 
I saw Mr. Burton, who, it seems, is so far frt>m being your intimate friend, 
that he does not know you. Be that as it will, I decline your proposal, and 
am Sir, 

Your most humble servant, 
Oxford, Oct. 30th, Tho. Hearne. 

1734- 
Nov, 18. Wrote to-day to Edw. Burton, esq. at the Lottery Office in 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 841 

Sept. 28. Yesterday being the obit of William of 
Wickham (founder of New College) and the festival 
of St. Cosmas and Damianus, some of the Oxford 
ringers agreed to ring at New college, proposing to 
ring 6876 cator changes upon the 10 bells there. 
They designed to have begun at eleven in the morn- 
ing, but *twas near twelve before they began, for 
they had rang only two hundred changes when the 
clock struck twelve. They had so many gross 
faults, that *tis not worth while to particularize them 
all, only thus much may be noted, that a bob was 
miss'd being called before they had got to two hun- 
dred, and that they strangely blundered a little after 
they had rang 600, and so again a little after they 
had rang 1100, and so after. 1400, and 1900, and at 
length when they had rang 2714 (which wants 4162 
of the whole) they were quite out, it being then 
8 quarters after one. Then they set the bells, and 
soon after began again, and rang 650, and made an 

White Hall, to know, whether Bfr. Wharton's Berifdietua Ahbaa, said to be 
piepwed for the press, be in Lambeth Library, or what is become of it. Also 
to tell him, that Mr. Davis now tells me, that he is intirely a stranger to him, 
[Mr. Burton] and that his [Mr. Davis's] intimate friend is Mr. Woodward. 
Mr. Davis^s letter, in which he tells me this, is as follows : 
To Mr. Tho. Heame at Edmund Hall in Ozon. These Post Paid. 
Sir, Nov. ist, 1734. 

Yesterday I received yours : as to Mr. Burton I am entirely a stranger to 
him, but my intimate friend is Mr. Woodward, a bookseller, who u conoem'd 
in the undertaking; it was he that told me Mr. Burton should say that you 
had got some corrections and additions to bp. Nicholson. When I received 
your first letter I shew'd it to Mr. Woodward, upon which he gave me liberty 
to make use of Mr. Burton's name : when I wrote, I should have been m<»e 
psrticnlar ; please to rectify this mistake, and youl much oblige, 

Sir, Your most humble servant to command, 

Cha. Davis. 



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842 RELIQUI^ 1784. 

end at very near half after two, so that the whole 
both times were 3364 changes in two hours and a 
half, whereas they rang on the first of May last 3475 
changes in two hours and nineteen minutes. I was 
very apprehensive yesterday when they first began, 
that they would not perform their task, the compass 
being too wide, and the person that rang the ninth 
bell making a bad step even at first. Tho' 'twas so 
wet, I heard them all the time, walking for that 
purpose up and down in the Parks on the east side 
of Wadham college. Had they finished the peal, 
and done it well, I should have taken care to trans- 
mitt in print (in one of my books that I print at the 
Theater) the names of the several ringers to pos- 
terity, 6876 changes having never as yet at one time 
been rung at Oxford. But as the performance was 
bad, (considering the character each ringer bore for 
his skill in the art of ringing,) as it will not be for 
their credit to have their names mentioned, so nei- 
ther will it be for the honour of William of Wick- 
ham to discover who the persons were that per- 
form'd so lamely on the day he died, which day 
ought to be observed with all possible decorum, and 
the ringing should be then as clean and true as can 
be, for which reason I shall pass over (what might 
be further observed) in silence. 

Oct 2. In the eastern countries at Constantinople, 
&c. they call'd formerly the quire of a church Solea^ 
because it was the farthest paii; of the church next 



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1734. HEARNIAN^. 843 

the san. This may appear from the old ceremonial 
of crowning kings preserved in Cantacuzenus, as well 
as in Codinns, though 'tis not so full in Codinus as 
in Cantacuzenus. Mr. Selden hath given it in his 
l^tles of JSanour^ where he likewise gives, us the 
form of crowning elected kings made use of in the 
Western empire^ and this latter he does from the 
Pontificate^ which, tho' a printed book, is yet very 
scarce. This Pontificate is look'd upon as a book 
of great authority, even by Protestants as well as 
Romanists. 

Oct. 14. Benj. Hoadly Aulae Cath. Art. Bao. an. 
1695. Ben. Hoadly Aul. Cath. Art. Mr. an. 1699. 
[Reg^ Acad.] Mr. Baker in his letter from Cambr. 
Sept. 14, 17S4, who said, he had not yet met with 
his degree of Doctor, if he had it there. Dr. Sher- 
lock, now bp. of Salisbury, was likewise of that little 
house (Cath. Hall), and they look upon it as very 
much for the honour of that little house, that it has 
produced two of our principal prelates (Dr. Sherlock 
and Hoadly, at Salisbury and Winchester.) The 
last has usually (and regularly) gone to an Oxford 
man, as Ely to Cambridge. 

Hoadly is a man of parts, but superficial learning, 
and of vile republican principles ; yet his schemes are 
struck in with by abundance of people, even by 
many of those that some years since abhorr'd them, 
and deny'd upon all occasions Hoadly and his doc- 
trines ; as indeed he was sometime ago the common 



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844 . RELIQUIAE 1734. 

topick or theme of discourse, and be was preach'd 
and wrote against all over the nation, occasioned 
chiefly by a penny sermon of his, which, had they let 
it alone, would have died in a fortnight's time : to 
such little beginnings do some men owe their rise. 

Oct 16. The late Dr. Henry Aldrich, dean of 
Christ Church, had but a mean opinion, and used to 
speak slightingly, of Dr. Humphrey Prideaux, dean 
of Norvnch, as an unaccurate muddy headed man. 
Prideaux's chief skill was in Orientals, and yet even 
there he was far from being perfect in either, unless 
in Hebrew, which he was well versed in. In 1677 
he was preparing for the press an edition of Dio- 
nysius Halicarnasseus, to be printed at the Thea- 
tre, but it came to nothing, I know not for what 
reason, unless because it was found that 'twould be 
as uncorrect as his Marmora OxonienstOy and that 
he would do little or nothing to it, besides heaping 
up notes ; and yet from a letter in his own hand I 
gather, that he intended to be short in them, and 
to make them consist only of references to other 
authors, where the several stories were also told. 
As for MSS., I perceive from that letter that he 
would not trouble himself about any, but rest wholly 
upon what had been done to his hands by former 
editors. 

Nov. 2. Dr. Richd. Newton hath just published in 
folio in six sheets, A Letter to the rev. Dr. Holmes, 



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1734. HEARNIAN.E. 845 

Vice-ChanceUor of the University of Oxford^ and 
Visitor of Hart Holly tvithin the said University^ 
By R. Newton^ D. 2)., Principal of Hart Hall. 
London : Printed in the year M.DCC.XXXIF. 
The title tells not what 'tis about. But 'tis about 
his project for getting a charter for Hart hall to be a 
college, what he hath made a noise about many 
years, but hath not gain'd his point, Exeter college 
opposing him, for which he falls upon Dr. Conybeare, 
now dean of Christ Church, but formerly fellow of 
Exeter college. Dr. Newton is commonly said to 
hefounder^mad. 

P. 1. As the several colleges of the university 
have their respective visitors, so the Vice-Chancellor 
for the time being is the proper visitor of halls^. 
His settlement only 60 libs, per an. The incorpo- 
rated society to consist only of five persons, a prin- 
cipal and four fellows, who are always to have the 
care of 32 undergraduate students, and four ser- 
vitours, and of no greater a number. 60 libs, per 
ann. to be equally divided between the 4 fellows, 
with the benefit equally of the pupills, and offices, 
and with convenient apartments. The rent of the 
rest of the chambers of the hall (with the additional 
revenue of a public lecture) to be the endowment of 
the principal. 

It seems Exeter college have two little messuages, 
said to have been left them by their founder, within 
the precincts of Hart hall, of 1 lib. 13s. 4id. per an., 

4 [N.B. Sura he it not Tidtw of Edm. HalL T. H.] 



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SAG RELIQULE 1734. 

or, as Newton says, of one lib. only really a year, the 
other 13*. 4rf. a year, which [p. 7] the successive 
principals of Hart hall anciently paid, as under- 
tenants, to Exeter college for Black hall and Cat 
hall (two other messuages appertaining to Hart hall) 
for so long a time as the college held the same by 
lease from the university, being now, from and after 
the expiration of the said lease in the year 1663, 
due and payable to the succeeding lessees of the 
university. 

Tis pity charities and benefactions should be dis- 
countenanced and obstructed. But it sometimes so 
happens, when the persons that make them are sup- 
posed to be mente capiiy and aim at things in the 
settlement that are ridiculous, which seems to be 
the case at Hart hall, as it is represented to me. 
However, after all, 'tis better not to publish the 
failings of persons, especially of clergymen, on such 
occasions, least mischief follow, the enemy being 
alway ready to take advantage. 

Nov. 9. The MSS in Dr. Rawlinson's. last auction 
of his brother Thomas's books went extraordinary 
cheap, and those that bought had great penny 
worth's. The Dr. purchas'd many himself, at which 
here and there one were disgusted, tho' all the com- 
pany supported the Dr. in it, that as a creditor he 
had a right equal to any other. My friend Mr. Tom 
Brome, that honest gentleman of Ewithington in 
Herefordshire, in a letter to the Dr*, says that he 



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1734. HEARNIAN^. 84? 

cannot but wonder at the low rates of most of the 
MSS., and adds, "liad I been in place I should have 
been tempted to have laid out a pretty deal of 
money^ without thinking myself at all touched with 
bibliomania." 

I have heard it said, that the superiors of the non- 
jurors countenance the non-jurors going to the ser- 
mons at the publick churches, but not to the prayers. 

Enquire. [N.B. Dr. R tells me they do 

not so, that he knows of.] 

Yesterday the Bodleian speech was spoke by 
Dr. Pierce Manaton, a physician, student of Christ 
Church. 

Nov. 10. Dr. Rawlinson's estate in Warwickshire 
little more than an 100 libs, a year clear of taxes, 
repairs &c., which, however, will now, it seems, 
bring, as I gather from a letter of the Dr.'s, 3300 
libs. 

Dr. Rawlinson by the sale of his brother's books 
hath not rais'd near the money expected. For, it 
seems, they have ill answer'd, however good books ; 
the MSS. worse, and what the prints will do is as 
yet undetermin'd. 

Dr. Rawlinson sent several books to the university, 

r I am assured, by my friend Dr. Bandinel, that there is undoubted 
authority, which will admit of no question, that Dr. Rawlinson himself was 
not only one of those admitted to holy orders, but also a member of the non- 
juring episcopate, having been regularly consecrated in 1728. See also Per- 
ceval's Apology for the Dooirine qf Apostolical Suooeanou, small 8vo, Lond. 
1839, p. 22$ 5. Lathbury's HisL qf the Non-juivrs, 8vo, Lond. 1845, ?• 3^- 



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848 RELIQUIAE 1734. 

but in what manner they are disposed of, I know no 
farther than that they are placed somewhere. He 
gave the option to St. John's. 

Dr. Rawlinson, in pursuing the work about the non- 
juring sufferers (more particularly the clergy), hath 
more helps from Cambridge than our parts. A 
Mr. Baker is to be met with but in few places. The 
Dr. without vanity may say, that he don't give trou- 
ble without endeavouring a recompense, and this is 
what Mr. Baker owns, nor has (as the Dr. assures 
me) Mr. Crynes any reason to 'complain. I mention 
Mr.Crynes, because the Dr. apply'd to him, as to a 
person that is always traversing the streets, and hath 
opportunities of consulting registers, as well as per- 
sons, and yet is upon the grumble when requests 
are made this way. The Dr. desired Mr. Crynes to 
send him (what he might easily do, and what indeed 
he ought to do) the Cantabrigian Incorporations, 
(which should have been taken into the Oxford Cata- 
logue of Graduates,) but he seem'd to decline a trou- 
ble he had taken some former years. 

Nov. 11. When Dr. Rawlinson wrote last- to me 
(which was on the 31st of August last ■) he told me 
there was then no successor appointed to Mr. Gandy, 
who died some time before. 

At the same time he told me the old duchess of 
Albemarle dyed a few days before, by which fell 
700 libs per annum to Christopher Rawlinson's rela- 

« N.B. I answered his letter, Nov. li, Toesd. 1754. 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 849 

tiODs, which the Dr. doubts not belongs to himself, 
Christopher Rawlinson's will confirming such an 
opinion. 

Mr. William OldswcJrth (who was formerly of 
Hart hall, Oxon, being contemporary there with 
Mr. John Leake) dyed above four months since. 

Nov. 12. On Sund. last (Nov. 10) Dr. Edw. But- 
ler, president of Magd. coll., receiv'd the sacrament 
in St. Peter's in the East church, to qualify himself 
to be register to Benj. Hoadley, bp. of Winchester, 
which place he held also in the late bp.'s time. His 
witnesses Mr. John Leake and the two church-war- 
dens, as I hear, and no one of the college. 

Nov, 20. Mr. Baker told me some time since of a 
discovery made by Mr. Palmer, of a book printed by 
Guttenburgh. Mr. Baker hath since receivd the 
half sheet, showing it to be a mistake, or rather a 
cheat. They have long made a trade of counter- 
feiting medals, and now are beginning with prints, 
at least with the colophons. 

Nov. 21. Mr. John Wynne (now a Doctor of Div. 
and bp. of Bath and Wells) was a great tutor in 
Jesus college, when he abridg'd Locke's Essay of 
Human Understanding, and being a great Lockist, 
he read the same to his pupils, and got many other 
tutors in the university to read it to their pupils 
likewise ; and I remember one of those tutors was 

Si 



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860 RELIQUIiE 1734. 

Mr. Milles, vice-principal of Edmund hall, who is 
now bp. of Waterford, at which time I was of Ed- 
mund hall ; but tho' I got the book, I never went 
to lecture so much as once in it to Mr. Milles, but 
always declined it. For indeed I neither then nor 
ever since have had any good opinion of Locke, who, 
tho' a man of parts, was, however, a man of very bad 
principles. Mr. Locke indeed hath been cry'd up 
and magnify'd by a set of men of republican princi- 
ples, but orthodox and truly honest men have de- 
tected his errors and fellacies, and endeavoured 
what they could to obstruct his infection, and yet 
notwithstanding that, I understand his essay afore- 
said is much read and studied at Cambridge and 
Dublin, and that young men that are candidates for 
degrees at Dublin are examin'd in it. 

Not). 22. The said Mr. Wynne's Abridgment, as 
soon as it came out, was sent over to Dublin by 
Mr. Locke to Mr. Wm. Molyneux, who was Mr. 
Locke's great admirer and correspondent. Mr. Locke 
himself was mightily glad of the Abridgment, which 
is dedicated to him, and of which there are two edi- 
tions, but Mr. Molyneux look'd upon it as a dry, 
sapless thing, tho' done in Mr. Locke's own words 
for the most part, and he wished it had been un- 
done. - 

The late earl of Pembroke was an admirer of 
Locke, and a great friend of Wynne's, and he did 
what service he could for both. 



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1734. HKARNIANiE. 851 

Bp. Stillingfleet wrote against Locke's Essay qf 
Humane Understanding. But Locke defended 
himself, and it liath been allowed by all that Loeke 
had by much the advantage of the bishop. 

MrrMolyneux aforesaid was an ingenious n^an, 
and a good mathematician, but a downright repub- 
lican. Locke as well as himself loy'd complem:ents. 
They therefore complemented one another in a v^y 
fulsome extravagant manner. 

Mr. Molyneux's Dioptricks hath been much cry'd 
up. It is now very scarce. 

Mr. Molyneux was a pretender to poetry, and 
sometimes exercised himself that way. He was a 
great admirer of sir Bicbd. Blackmore's Prince 
Arthur and King Arthur^ and they used to com- 
plement Blackmore highly for his skill in poetry, as 
sir Richd. used likewise to complement them very 
much. But this is no wonder, since sir Richd. was 
a republican, and a man that was for making his 
way, as well as he could, in the government. 'Tis 
true, sir Richd. was a poet, but he is not placed by 
the best judges at the top head, notwithstanding 
Molyneux says in his Letters in Locke's works, 
p. 568, that ^^ all our English poets (except Milton) 
have been ballad makers, in comparison to him" [sir 
Richd.]. 

Nov. 23. Mr. John Toland was an Irishman bom. 
He was a very ingenious man, but of most vile prin- 
ciples, .which he took all opportunities of instilling 

3i2 



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852 RELIQUIAE 1734. 

into young gentlemen and others. He did some 
mischief in Oxford, but more elsewhere. After he 
had been beyond sea in Holland, and had continued 
some time in England, he returned to Ireland, but 
was for his wicked books and principles quite drove 
from thence, so as no one would entertain him, and 
then he came into England again, where he conti- 
nued his old course of poisoning young men, &e. 
After some years he died. He was a man of learn- 
ing, but for the most part superficial. 

Dec. 18. On Saturd. mom. the 7th inst. died at 
London, where he liv'd, the celebrated Mr. James 
Figg, the prize-fighter, from Thame in Oxfordshire, 
who was reckon 'd to fight with the most judgment 
of any of the profession". 

Dec. 22. Yesterday I was with Dr. Holmes our 
vice-chancellor, who is president of St. John's college. 
I went to thank him for the trouble he had given 
himself in sending to me seven small parcels from 
Dr. Rawlinson, containing books, some of which the 
Dr. gives me, the rest (piz. the MSS.) he lends me. 

The vice-chanc. took an occasion to mention, that 
the university would claim their right to that part 
of Leland's Ttin. and Coll. that is in Bodley, and that 
they would print all that, but did not say who would 
be the editor. This, it seems, is in opposition to me. 
He was wonderfully civil, and said such an ed. would 

s See Noble^s Continuation of Grainger, vol. iii. p. 479. 



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1734. HEARNIANiE. 853 

do my ed. no hurt, but rather enhance the price. 
I told him there were abundance of things in the 
univ. library, as well as in college libraries, never yet 
printed, which would be more credit to publish than 
what had been done already. He owned this, and 
said methods would be taken to have such things 
printed. 

Dec. 25. Mr. Wood, col. 1160, vol. ii. of ed. iid. 
tells us, Mr. Richard Pearson, younger brother of 
Dr. John Pearson, went out Doct. of the Civ. and 
Canon Law, upon the coming of the prince of Tus- 
cany to Cambridge in 1669. Quaere, whether he was 
formerly mentioned as a Proceeder in Civil and 
Canon Law, or whether as being presented only to 
the Civil Law, what we only do now a-days at Ox- 
ford? (the Canon Law is supposed to be included in 
it, tho* I think Hwould be proper enough, if distinct 
degrees in Canon Law were still practised.) I knew 
a gentleman of Balliol college, a Master of Arts, 
who was resolute to proceed first Bach, and after- 
wards Doctor of Canon Law, but he died before he 
did any thing that way, unless it be that he went to 
the V. chanc. Dr. Gardiner about it, who told him 
they could not hinder it, if he were resolved upon it, 
but said, it would give them a great deal of trouble. 
The name of this gentleman was Mr. Charles Browne 
of Ball. coll. as a member of which college he took 
the degree of Master of Arts (being a grand-corn^ 
pounder) on Feb. xi. 1716. 

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854 RELIQUIAE 1734 

Dee. 27. When I talk'd tother day. with Dr. 
Holmes our vice-chanc. I mention'd how much 
'twould be for the honour of our univ. and the ad- 
vancement of learning, to have a number of our 
learned men in the univ. set about publishing our 
MSS. It would be far more for the honour of a 
univ. to do so, than to publish books already well 
published, especially since we have such a great 
variety in all foculties, and such too as ought to be 
printed, and every college and hall should join in 
the work. He approved of what I said, and sajd he 
would do what he could that it should be executed. 
The like may be observed of Cambridge. 

Dec. 31. Mr. Thomas Bedford, one of the sons of 
my friend the late Mr. Hilkiah Bedford, is now very 
inquisitive about the liturgies of St. Basil, St. Mark, 
S. James, S. Chrysostom, and other Greek lituigies, 
and hath wrote to me about them, to get intelligence 
about MSS. thereof in Bodley, well knowing, he 
saitb, that there is nobody better acquainted with 
the MSS. there than myself. He wants the age of 
them, and other particulars, and a person to be re- 
commended to collate such MSS. But having .been 
debarred the library a great number of years, I am 
now a stranger there, and cannot in the least assist 
him, tho' I once designed to have been very nice in 
examining all those liturgical MSS., and to have 
given notes of their age, and particularly of Leofric's 
Latin Missal, which I had a design of printing, being 



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1734-35. HEARNlANiE. 855 

countenanc'd thereto by Dr. Hickes, Mr. Dodwell 
&c. It is call'd Leofri&8 Missaly because given by 
bp. Leofric to his church at Exeter. See Wanley's 
catalogue in Dr. Hickes's Thesaurus, p. 82, 88. Some 
part of this MS. is of later date than Leofric's time, 
and Mr. Bedford therefore desires to have my opinion 
of the antiquity of the canon of the mass, which ia 
one part of it. I wish I could gratify Mr. Bedford. 

Jan. 13. I have heard, that the present bp. of 
Worcester, Dr. John Hough, often talks of the affair 
of Magd. coll. Oxon. at the time of the revolution, 
(more properly rebellion,) particularly with respect 
to k. James's mandamus for a president. He (Hough) 
was then chaplain to the chanc. of Oxon., the duke 
of Ormond. He and others, even all excepting 
three, were resolv'd to oppose the mandamus, and 
they pitch'd upon Dr. Baptista Levinz, bp. of Man, 
for president, who accepted of their offi^r, and said 
he would stand, and if elected would zealously main- 
tain the statutes in opposition to the mandamus. 
But Hough says, a little after came a letter from a 
tery near relation (a brother) of Levinz*s, perswad- 
ing him by all that was sacred to desist, which ac- 
cordingly he did ; which being look'd upon as very 
dishonourable, they were put to their shifts, but at 
last resolv'd to elect Hough, who told them he 
would not only accept of it, tho' so ticklish a time, 
but would strenuously act against the mandamus. 
And it was then resolv'd to chose Mr., afterwards 

3i4 



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^56 RELIQUIiE 1734-35. 

Dr., Edward Maynard with him, (for there must be 
two,) which being eflfected accordingly. Hough was 
brought in president, to the great disappointment of 
all that were for the mandamus. 

Jan, 13. Just printed and published. An Epistle 
from Mr. Pope to Dr. Arhuthnot, Lond. 1734, 
fol. a Poem. 

Mr. Pope takes notice in it, more than once, of 
Mr. Theobalds, but 'tis only by way of contempt, 
and seems obstinate in persisting in errors. Let 
him despise as much as he will, 'tis certain Theo- 
balds shew'd himself much his superior in learning, 
and what he undertook to do with respect to Shake- 
speare. 

In p. 18 of this poem Mr. Pope hath this note, 
Let the two Curls of town and court abuse 
His father, mother, body, soul and muse. 

In some of CurVs and other pamphlets, Mr.Pop^V 
father was said to be a mechanic, a hatter, a former, 
nay a bankrupt. But, what is stranger, a nobleman 
(if such a reflection can be thought to come from a 
nobleman) has dropt an allusion to this pitiful un- 
truth, in his Epistle to a Doctor qf Divinity. And 
the following line. 

Hard as thy heart, and as thy birth obscure, 
had fallen from a like courtly pen, in the Verses to 
the Imitator of Horace. Mr. Pope's father was of 
a gentleman's family in Oxfordshire^ the head of 
which was the earl of DoumCy whose sole heiress 



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1734-35. HEARNIANA'. 857 

married the earl of Lindsey. His mother was the 
daughter of William Turner^ esq. of York : she had 
three brothers, oue of whom was kill'd, another died 
in the service of king Charles^ the eldest following 
his fortunes, and becoming a general officer in Spain, 
left her what estate remain'd after the sequestrations 
and forfeitures of her family. Mr. Pope died in 
1717, aged 75 ; she in 1733, aged 93, a very few 
weeks after this poem was finished. 

Feb. 8. "Holy David and his Old English Trans- 
lators clear'd*.*' Lond. 1706, 8vo. The author Mr. 
Johnson, as I am told, (tho' his name be not to it,) 
that wrote the Fade Mecum. 

The old English translation of the Psalter is cer- 
tainly preferable to the new, and that was the reason 
of it's being retain'd by the convocation after the 
restauration. The said Psalter is part of that Bible 
which is called Henry Vlllth's Bible, in translating 
and publishing of which three men were chiefly 
concem'd, William Tindale, John Rogers, and Miles 
Coverdale. 

This old English Psalter 1st published with the 

^ See under March 6. Of thia book there were two editions, one 1706, 
here mentioned as published anonymously, the second in the following year, 
1707. I may here mention that there will be found in the Bodleian a Tery 
curious copy of Johnson's Unbloody Sacrifice, both parts 8vo, London, 1714 
and 1 7 18, abounding in MS. notes by Daniel Waterland, to whom the book 
Ibrmerly belonged, and who calls it *< Johnson's Romance." Another copy, 
of the first part only, is in the same collection, with some remarks by Mr. 
Lewis of Margate. Both were given by Dr. Rawlinson. Let me add, that 
there is also in the Bodleian a Tery important copy of Robert of Gloucester's 
Chronicle by Heame, filled with notes by Waterland, that have never been 
published, but are well worthy of the attention of any future editor. 



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858 RELIQUIAE 1734-35. 

rest of the Bible ann. 1535, and dedicated to Henry 
VIII by Dr. Coverdale, and was called " Tindale 
and Coverdale's Bible," because it was well known 
that the former had a share in the performance, as 
well as the latter. 

Ann. 1539 there was another edition of it, with 
considerable alterations, begun at Paris, and after- 
wards finished at London. . Dr. Coverdale had the 
care and inspection of this edition committed to 
him : this is that which wasc ailed the Great Bible, 
and the Psalter now used in our liturgy is according 
to this edition, without any observable variations, 
except in the spelling. Mr. Rogers in the year 
1537 put out an edition of this Bible, under the 
borrow'd name of Thomas Matthews, with an index 
and notes; and another in 1551, which (saith Mr. 
Johnson in his Praef.) I have seen. These several 
editions do so agree in the main, that one cannot 
justly call them distinct translations, and yet in 
many particulars they differ from one another. 

Feb. 19. Mr. Rawlins of Pophills, in his letter of 
Dec. 7th, 1734, says he shall be obliged to me, if I 
will give him a succinct history of Saml. Chapell alias 
Grater, who formerly liv'd in Oxford. He holds a 
grater in his hand, according to the representation 
of him, but for what reason Mr. Rawlins says he 
knows not^. 

I knew this S. Chapell very well. I have heard 

a There is a very rare portrait of this Chapell, a mesz. by Faber, of which 
I never saw more than one impression. 



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1734-35. HEARNIANiE. , 859 

it said that be was once of LiDcoIn college iu Ox- 
ford ^ and afterwards for some time at Cambridge, 
but took a degree at neither place. I have likewise 
heard that when he was young he held forth as a 
Presbyterian preacher, and that he receiv'd injuries 
from one Hugh Hutchins which made him craz'd, 
and so he continued craz'd ever after, but he was 
for the most part a very sensible man, and would talk 
admirably well upon any topic in logic or philoso- 
phy. He liv'd many years in Oxford after he became 
craz*d, and died above twenty years since in Mag- 
dalen parish, (as I remember,) and was buried there 
very decently by contributions. He was an inno- 
cent, harmless, honest, poor man, and much re- 
spected. He was very temperate both in eating and 
drinking. He would not exceed (at least he would 
very rarely exceed) a farthing bread and a farthing 
beer, and if any one offered him above an half-penny 
in money, he would return the rest very gratefully, 
and declare against their giving him more than a 
iarthing or an half-penny. He always grated his 
bread, carrying with him a grater for that purpose. 
Thence he was commonly known by the name of 
8. Grater. He was uj)ward8 of seventy when he 
died. He was a west country man ; if I mistake 
not, of Somersetshire. Ho used to carry his books 
about him upon his back in a sack, and would often 
sit down upon old timber that lay in the way, and 
would there read and write. I have often seen him 

' He entered as a senritor at lincobi, July 19, 1659. 



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860 RELIQUIiE 1734-35. 

sitting and reading so. He had abundance of books 
by him when he died, of his own handwriting, but 
most of the writing being short hand, (which he 
used himself to,) they could not be of much use, 
however as they were, they were greedily catch'd at 
by several, who admired his philosophical, innocent, 
unostentatious course of life. 

Feb. 25. Such as are inclined to gravel must use 
themselves to such white wine and oily medicines, 
which tho' they will not effect an absolute cure, will 
render the distemper less painfull. Syrrup of marsh 
mallow and parsley water, when the fit is upon you, 
with warm broth, will give you the greatest ease. 

Mr. West, in his letter of the 17th inst. from the* 
Inner Temple, tells me he had a little before been 
fetch'd to Sacomb in Hartfordshire, by a messenger, 
to our honest friend John Murray. He is in a very 
declining way, occasion 'd by a slow fever, acquired 
by overheating his blood in his last walk from Lon- 
don thither, which is lookM upon as 20 miles. 

March 3. Mr. John Hickes, executed in the west 
for taking part in Monmouth's rebellion, was brother 
of the religious, learned arid loyal Dr. Greorge Hickes. 
See a book called "A new Martyrology: or, the 
Bloody Assizes," Lond. 1689, ed. 3, p. 57, 60. He 
was a nonconformist. He was executed Oct. 6, 1685. 

Dr. Conyers Middleton, of Cambridge, hath just 
written and put out a twelve penny pamphlett in 
English, to prove Caxton the first printer in Eng- 



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1734-35. HEARNIAN.E. 861 

land ; and makes the Ruffinus or Hieronymus de 
Fidey printed in Oxford anno 1468, to be a cheat, 
as if there were no such book then printed there, or ' 
at le^t if there were such a book printed there, 
he says, the date should be 1478. He runs down 
Atkins' book about printing, as he does also the 
register at Canterbury, making the record to be a 
forgery, because the register is now wanting. But 
his whole performance is poor and mean, and tho' 
he endeavours to rob Oxford of an honour that no 
one pretended to take from her, yet Middleton, 
detrahere ausus hcerentem capitis multa cum laude^ 
coronam^ hath plainly shew'd, that he envys us this 
glory, which no one need wonder at, that considers a 
much bolder stroke of his lately, which made a great 
noise, and very deservedly blasted his reputation, 
which was his book (for he is knovm to be the 
author, tho' his name be not to it) to prove that 
Moses was not an inspired writer. Tis certain, that 
Middleton is an ingenious man, but he soars at all, 
and considerable, very uncommon, must be that 
genius that succeeds. 

March 4. Certain Queries, proposed by Roman 
CatholicSy and answered hy Dr. Walter Raleigh, 
dean of Wells, and chaplain in ordinary to the 
royal martyr King Charles I. With a Prefatory 
account of the Author. By Lawrence Howell, 
A. M. Lond. 1719, ^vo, price Is. 

Mr. Howell, (who was a worthy learned non-juror,) 
in pag. xiv of his preface, tells us^ that to do justice 



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862 RELIQUIiE 1734-35. 

to the world, he can assure that the M SS. of these 
Queries and the Answers were handed faithfully to 
him by a gentleman then [1719] living, who had 
them from a gentlewoman on her death-bed, whose 
name by marriage was Farthing, her husband being 
grandson to Dr. Walter Raleigh. 

Mr. Wood, in the iid vol. of his Athenae, gives an 
account of this Dr. Walter Raleigh^ who was a very 
worthy, learned and loyal divine, and was barbarously 
murdered for his fidelity to k. Ch. I. But he knew 
nothing of these Queries, ^nd therefore says nothing 
of them. 

March 6. Mr. John Johnson was a very learned 
and worthy man. He presented Mr. Baker with 
two of his books, vul The Unbloody Sticrifice &c., 
and The Abridgment of Mr. Huntley's Case, which 
two books engag'd him in a controversy with his 
superior, which cost him much trouble, and possibly 
his life. Mr. Baker knows of nothing he has pub- 
lished, besides what I mention d to him, except an 
epitaph Lat.° for his son, who vras fellow of St. 



a In Standish Church Laocashire. 
H. S. E. 
Jimes Johnson S. T. B. 
Cantianas Coll. D. JoaSia Cantab. 
8oc. cui senatus istius 
Acad: hano ecdeaiam 
Unanimi suJOfragio dedenmt. 
Vix firmatum est el hoc 
Benefidum, cnm ex fracto 
Crure periit. V. Id. Jan. 

.~ r Dom. MDCCXXIII. 
^"^^ t -fit^tis xxxiu. 



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1734-35. HEARNIANiE. 8G3 

John's college Cambr., and was presented by the 
university of Cambridge to the rectory of Standish, 
Lancashire, a living of good value, which he enjo/d 
a very short time. 

The father J. J. was of Magd. college Cambr., 
where he took the degree of Bach, of Arts an. 1681. 
Bemov'd to Corp. Chr. college, where he proceeded 
M.A. an. 1685. The precise time of his death 
Mr. Baker does not well remember. He marryM 
Dr. Jenkin's sister, and that brought his son to St. 
John's college, Dr. Jenkin being fellow, and then 



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864 RELIQUIiE 1734-35. 

Martin Benson wrote a letter to his couzin Brown 
Willis, esq. signifying that the king [k. George II.] 
had offered him the bishoprick of Gloucester, but 
that he refused it, and that thereupon it was offered 
to Dr. Mawson, who declined it, upon which the 
king sent for Dr. Benson, and offered it him again, 
telling him^ that he must accept it, which at length 
he did. I can hardly credit this*. 

'Tis certain however, that tho' the bp. of London 
(Gibson) obtained his aim in hindering Dr. Rundle 
from being bp. of Gloucester, yet Rundle is since 
prefer'd to a far better bpk. which is one in Ireland. 

March 15. Dr. Rawlinson takes the author of the 
Character of a primitive Bp. to be one Pitt, for- 
naerly of St. John's college in Cambridge, and for 
many years a non-juror, ordain'd by bp. Loyd some 
years after the revolution, but apostatised, true rene- 
gade like, abused his old friends, particularly Dr. 
Hickes, in his book. It was remarkable, that he waa 
instituted into a benefice in Norwich diocese by se- 
cundtis Patrick, tho' ordain'd after lay deprivation 
by the primus bp. Lloyd, and no objection made to 
his orders, so sanguine in gaining a convert. 

March 16. At the beginning of the last part of 
Bibliotheca Siblica, is an account of the author 
Mr. Sam. Parker. I hear Dr. Heywood laid the plan, 
but it seems it has passed several hands, none of 
which have noticed the time of his death. 

z Yet it hath been confirm'd to me since. T. H. 



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1734-35. HEARNIANiE. 865 

The booksellers and authors have in the Houte of 
Commons a bill for securing their property, but their 
scandalous, loose, and extravagant way of running 
every thing out in print will bring them under some 
difficulties. I am told lord Ila, a man of learning, 
and one who has, and still reads, will be one of their 
obstacles. 

This reforming Parliament is entring upon a regu- 
lation of playhouses and operas, but many think 
their reformation is too late thought of to take a due 
effect. 

Dr. Hanbury (who died on the 27th past, Thursd. 
and was buried near Mr. Nelson in new burying- 
ground of St. Oeorge's parish on Tuesd. the 4th cur- 
rent) has left an hundred pounds to the non-juring 
clergy, at the disposal of Mr. Blackboume and Mr. 
Creyk. This Hanbury was a Glostershire man, bred 
at Baliol college, well acquainted with Mr. Brome» 
the Phillips's &c., and leaving Oxford, took his de- 
gree of M.D. at Utrecht in 1705, where he published 
a very few copies of his Thesis, called them in again 
as well as he could, and except his own and one 
Dr. Rawlinson hath, Dr. Rawlinson believes another 
can't be found, at least in England. It was De ste- 
rilifate muUerum. 

March 18. The late Mr. Sam'. Parker, after the 
rudiments of learning at school, was removed to the 
university of Oxford, and placed in Trinity College 
under the eye of Dr. Bathurst, the then president. 

S K 



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866 RELIQUIAE 1734-35- 

Besides the printed pieces, the MSS. collections he 
has left are, 

1. A collection of observations on the New Testa- 
ment. 

2. An Index to the most ancient Fathers, con- 
sisting of references to and passages extracted firom 
them, upon the most important points in divinity, 
drawn out in an alphabetical form. 

3. An answer to Le Grand's Defence of Carte- 
sius : written in Latin. 

4. An Exercise upon Principles and Church Com- 
munion ; being a specimen of a collection of essays 
upon religious subjects, entitled, *^ Religious Exer- 
cises upon several subjects ; with a prayer at the end 
of each meditation." 

' 5. A large collection of controversial letters. 

'* His acquaintance as he grew up was usually 
pretty large, especially among learned foreigners, 
who were generally recommended to him. 

" His particular friends were not only those among 
the non-jurors of the first note and distinction, Dr. 
Hickes, Mr. Collier, Mr. Dodwel, Mr. Leslie, Mr. 
Nelson, Dr. Grabe, &c., with all whom he main- 
tained an intimate correspondence ; but several per-- 
sons very considerable for birth and fortune. 

The motto over Mr. Parker's picture engraved by 
Vertue is KTPIOS HOIMAINEI ME. 

" He [Mr. Parker] had from the beginning em- 
braced the principles of the non-jurors, and as he 
constantly observed a strict uniformity in his princi- 



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1734-35. HEARNIANiE. 867 

pies and practice, he thought himself obliged to re- 
ftise those advantages of preferment, which not only 
his parts and education seem'd to entitle him to, but 
which were actually offered to him. By this means, 
his own fortune being very small, the cares of a 
large family fell heavy upon him. But however, as 
he has acknowledged, that he wrote under the dis- 
tresses of very narrow circumstances, so likewise 
has he frequently and thankfully remarked, that, as 
his old friends dropt off, Gk>d had been pleased to 
raise him up several new ones £Gur beyond his expec- 
tation.'' Mr. Parker lived and died a faithfnl son of 
the church of England in which he had been care- 
fiilly educated y. 

March 19. Mrs. Parker (the widow of the fore- 
said Mr. Samuel Parker) is 53 years of age ; as her 
brother Mr. Richard Clements of Oxford, bookseller, 
told roe on Sunday last. 

Some years ago came out a folio account of the 
colleges and other publick buildings of the univer- 
sity of Oxford. Mr. Parker was said to be the au- 
thor, and I took him really to be so, because he 
several times told me he was about such a thing, 
and this account came out some time after he had 
told me so, and 'twas design'd to go along with the 
prints of the university habits. [N.B. Mr. Richd. 
Clements (brother-in-law to Mr. Parker) assured me 
on Good Friday, April 4, 1784, that Mr. Parker was 
the author.] 

7 Transcribed by HeftrDe, chiefly from the Bibliotheca Biblica. 

3k 2 



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868 RELIQUIiE I734-S5. 

March 21. Mr. Parkers Essay an the duty of 
physicians and patients was dedicated to Dr. Mead, 
without the Dr/s leave, at which the Dr. was very 
angry. Mr. Parker wrote that essay purely to get a 
little money. 

Mr. Parker became acquainted with learned foreign- 
ers purely upon account of his keeping a boarding- 
house. There they used to dine and sup in common, 
Mr. Parker s wife being a clever, neat woman in 
such affairs. One foreigner used to recommend an- 
other, and Mr. Parker (as I have often heard him 
say) found great advantage by their dieting at his 
house. 

Dr. Grabe was an acquaintance, 'tis true, of Mr. 
Parker's, but he was no non-juror, contrary to what 
is insinuated in the account of Mr. Parker. Dr. Grabe 
was a subject of the king of Prussia's, and he bad no 
occasion to be a non-juror, nor did he therefore ab- 
stain from the publick churches in England, but fre- 
quented them, and prayed for the present possessors 
of the throne, tho' with respect to the holy sacra- 
ment, he always kept from it in the manner 'tis ad- 
ministered at present, and would at such times re- 
ceive in Dr. Hickes's way, which divers non-jurors 
follow. 

"Us said in that account that Mr. Parker con- 
stantly observed a strict uniforuWty in his principles 
and practice. Which is felse. He was warp'd for 
some years of the latter part of his life, and swerv'd 
from the true old non-juring principles, which as it 



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1735. HEARNIAN^. 869 

gave ofTence to the true non-jurors, so they could not 
but much blame Mr. Parker for it, who, however, at 
the same time was caress'd by the complyers, and 
these complyers were the friends meant by what is 
said above, that he found in the room of old friends 
as they dropt off. This I have several times heard 
Mr. Parker mention, who at the same time would 
reflect upon Dr. Hickes, and several very consider- 
able non-jurors, for their deserting him, whereas 
'twas so far from being true, that they did not de- 
sert or leave Mr. Parker, but, on the contrary, Mr. 
Parker, by his being warpM, and by his striking in 
with the complyers, forsook his old friends, who 
thereupon became shy and jealous of him. 

March 24. At the end of the last number of the 
vth vol. of Mr. Parker's BibltQtheca Biblka is 
printed, '' The sacred Chronology of the Pentateuch : 
wherein the historical facts are reduced to their pro- 
per years, both in the iEra of the World, and that 
before the vulgar Christian Epocha. To which are 
added critical observations concerning the grounds 
and di£Sculties of that Chronology." 

The author whereof was not Mr. Parker himself, 
but Mr. John Mason (tho' his name be not to it) a 
French refrige clergyman, and author of several 
books. 

April 1, Mr. John Murray, who was very dan- 
gerously ill lately at Sacombe in Hartfordshire, is 

3 K 3 



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870 RELiyui.*; 1735. 

since gone to London (as Mr. West in his letter of 
March 17, 1784^) mach recovered, so that 'twas 
hoped he got strength daily. 

^pril 11. John Bale was a very great enemy to 
bells, as may appear from his Apocalypse. And I 
believe he did what he could to have all the old 
brave belk destroy'd, and there were too many others 
of his mind. 

St. Anthony, in an old edition of Martial, is done 
in wood, having a bell in one of his hands. 

April 18. John Lyne, son of one Mr. Lyne town 
clerk of Oxford, was of Balliol college, as a member 
of which he took the degree of M.A. on Mar 1, 1698. 
After which he became vicar of Brixworth in North- 
amptonshire, and was a man of that singular good 
reputation, that no one in all that county was said 
to be of greater honesty, probity and integrity. He 
waj3 just and punctual in all his dealings, and managed 
the affairs of some persons of distinction on that 
account, to their exceeding great satisfaction, par- 
ticularly the affairs of a sister (a widow woman) of 
the present sir Justinian Isham. He was withall a 
good scholar ; but 'twas his misfortune that he lately 
was seiz'd with nervous disorders, and great melan- 
cholly, about six weeks after which calamity fell 
upon him, he drowned himself in a pond (a small, 
but deep one) pretty near the said lady's house, 
whose affairs he managed. This was on March 87th 
last, being a Thursday. He has left a disconsolate 



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1735. HEARNIANiE. 871 

widow, and five children^ 3 of which are sous, the 
eldest of which is fellow of Emanuel college in 
Cambridge, ia man of an excellent character for his 
virtue and learning, which hath lately made him a 
great tutor ; a second is scholar of King's college in 
that univ., and look'd upon to be as good a scholar 
for his standing as any in the university. The Sd, 
who I think is the middlemost, is drawer at the 
King's head tavern in Oxford. I cannot find that 
Mr. Lyne's circumstances were bad, or that he was 
pinch'd. For tho' his preferment was small, yet he 
managed so, as to be above the world. 

April 20. Copies of all editions of the Etymolo- 
gicon magnum are now very scarce. There are a 
great many curious and learned observations in this 
work, not to be met with elsewhere. A very good 
edition might be put out at Oxford, by the help of 
MSS. there, and I wish some qualify'd person or 
persons would undertake it. The Baroccian MSS. 
should, in such case, be all carefully looked over, 
and such glossaries that are either there, or among 
other Greek MSS., should be collated with the 
Etymologicon^ and if anything of moment occurs in 
them not already in the Etymologkon, it should be 
taken in, yet so as to be distmguished from the 
Etymolog, Indeed such additions might make a 
new alphabet. 

April 22. An. 1707 it was advertis'd, at the end 
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872 RELIQUIiE 1735. 

of a Welsh almaDack by John Jones, that there 
would be shortly printed in a large sheet a curious 
prospect of the north side of the famous church and 
steeple of Wrexham in Denbighshire in North Wales ; 
justly esteemed one of the wonders of Wales ; and 
would be sold in most market towns in North and 
South Wales. Drawn by Mr. Thomas Bradshaw, 
junior, of Wrexham. 

April 28. Febr. 21, 1702, king Will, a hunting 
near Hampton Court, fell from his horse, and broke 
his collar-bone. 

April 917 • Mr. Selden was a great admirer of Dr. 
Robert Lloyd, commonly called Robertus de Fluc- 
tibus, the physician. In the dedication of the 1st 
edition of his THtles of Honour to Mr. Edward 
Heyward (which edition came out at London in 4^ 
in 1614) he observes, that some years before that 
time it was finished, wanting only in some parts his 
last hand ; which was prevented by his dangerous 
and tedious sicknesse ; being thence freed (as he 
says Mr. Heyward knew too, that was a continual, 
most friendly, and carefuU witnesse) by the boun- 
teous humanitie and advise of that learned physician 
Dr. Robert Uoyd^ {whom my memorie (says Mr. 
Selden) alwaies honors^) he was at length made able 
to perfect it. 

April 28. Ridicule^ so Jar as it qffects Religion, 



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1735. HEARNIANiE. 873 

considered and censurd. A Sermon preached he- 
fore the university of Oxford^ at St. Mary's^ on 
Sunday^ Dec. 8, 1784. By John Tottie, M. A. fel- 
low of Worcester College in Oxford. PuhlisKd 
at the request qf Mr. Vice-chancellor {Dr. Wm. 
Holmes) and the Heads of Houses. Oxon. at the 
Th. Pr.6d. 

The V.-chancellor's Imprimatur bears date, April 
2, 1735. 

The author inscribes it thus. 

To the Reverend Dr. Holmes^ Vice-chancellor qf 
the university qf Oxford, and to the rest qf the 
Heads qf Houses, this discourse (preached and 
published with a view to contribute in some degree 
to the security qf the youth under their care in 
those principles they are so happily educated in,) 
Is, with all duty and submission, 

Inscribed by the Author. 

The text, 2 Pet. iii. 8. 
Knowing this first, that there shall come in the 
last days scqffkrs. 

'Tis a good sermon; but the misfortune now- 
a-days is, that the sermons are more like essays than 
really sermons, as having little of Scripture or di- 
vinity in them, a thing Dr. Grabe used very much 
to lament and complain of. 

April 29 > Coster's name was Laurence Johnson. 
Coster is sedituus, 1440. 

An ancient book at Bennet coll. Cant, printed on 



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874 RELIQUIAE 1735. 

one side. See Naudeus's Story of printing in his 
story of Lewis Xlth. Draudius's Devices of Print- 
ers, 12«. 

First printing was religious pictures : then cards : 
then ballads, 1463. 

Peter Sheffer, inventor of single types, the lather 
of John. 

May 12. Yesterday morning (Sunday) died of the 
small pox Mr. Sayman, M.A. and fellow of Oriel 
college. He died in the college, about three weeks 
or a month after his return from the country, Wilt- 
shire I think, whither he had retired, they say, near a 
twelve month since on purpose to avoid the small 
pox, which hath been very rife in Oxford, and it was 
a distemper he was always very much afraid of. 

This is the gentleman, it seems, that occasioned 
Dr. Newton, principal of Hart hall, to write his 8**. 
book call'd University Education. For Sayman 
being of Hart hall had a prospect of coming in fel- 
low of Oriel. But Nevrton would not give him a 
dicessit, upon which he went to that college without 
a dicessit, and the provost of Oriel College, Dr. Car- 
ter, paid the 40«. forfeited by statute on that ac- 
count, there being no higher statutable mulct to a 
head of a house for entering any one without a di- 
cessit. Dr. Newton highly resented this, and so 
wrote and printed his book, and thereby much ex- 
posed himself, no one commending him (as I can 
learn) for his conduct. 



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1735. HEARNIANiE. 875 

May 22. Doctor Mocket translated the Liturgy 
into Latin. Twas done before in q. Elizabeth's 
time. But that edition being worn out, and the 
book grown scarce, the Doctor gave it a review and 
caused it to be reprinted, together with bp. Jewell's 
Apologie, the Articles of the Church of England, 
the Doctrinal points delivered in the book of Homi- 
lies, with some other pieces, which being so re- 
viewed and published, gave much contentment to 
many sober minded men of the Romish party. Hey- 
lin's Preftice to the Reader. 

May 80. One Aaron, a Portuguese Jew, hath re- 
sided with a wife and children a great while, before 
which he had lived a good while and taught Hebrew 
at Dublin, having the character of being well skill'd, 
but with respect to principles he is but indifferently 
qualify'd, and 'tis feared he does much mischieff. 

May 31 . I hear the Oxford ringers rang this 
Whitsuntide above 80,000 changes excellently well 
at Warwick. 

Junel. Mr. James West call'd upon me this af- 
ternoon in his return out of Worcestershire to Lon- 
don. He told me Mr. Thomas Ward of Warwick 
has a fine collection of books, which I can easily 
believe, especially in our English histories and anti- 
quities *. 

z [This is the last entry made by Hearne in his Diary. He noted down« it 
is true, the mere dates of the three next days, but was too unwell to make 
any observations.] 



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877 



APPENDIX, 

No. I. 

1 HESE Bemains of the Oxford antiquary Thomas Heame, 
are derived from one hundred and forty five small octavo 
manuscript volumes, one of which the writer was accus- 
tomed to carry constantly in his pocket, and in it to note 
down, at the moment, or immediately after, what he thought, 
what he read, what he saw himself, what he was told by 
others ; in short, every thing he deemed worthy of pre- 
servation, or that he &ncied might hereafter be useful: 
and these observations he accompanies with his own re- 
marks, which are in nmny respects the more valuable, as 
being the result of his immediate observation and opinion ; 
although doubtiess in others they would often have been 
softened, if not entirely changed, had they undergone more 
of subsequent reflection, and been chastened, as it were, by 
the more matured judgment and the after-experience of 
the author. However, such as they stand, the reader now 
has them, genuine and unaltered, except by the omission 
of some few words, here and there, which were objec- 
tionable on account of their grossness of expression, or 
their severity in personal reflection. The volumes date 
from July 4, 1706, and extend to June 4 % 1785. Hearne 
continually quotes them in his printed works as '' Col- 
lectanea nostra,*" and regarded them with peculiar af- 
fection ; he tells Browne Willis, that on no consideration 
would he suffer any of these his note-books out of his own 
hands ; and on more than one occasion was apprehensive, 
lest the university authorities would break open his rooms 
to obtain possession of them.. Had they done so, the con- 

ft He died the loth. 



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878 APPENDIX I. 

sequences doubtless must have beeo most serious ; for the 
reader will soon perceive that our author was very im- 
guarded in his expressions towards the reigning family, 
and at no pains to conceal his predilections for that in 
exile, which he regarded as having a legitimate claim to 
the crown. 

Nor must we blame the Oxford antiquary for these 
principles. They were the principles of the university. 
.AD the predilections of Oxford were in favour of the 
Stuarts. The pedantry of king James the First was in 
accordance with the literary taste of his times ; and Oxford 
of course delighted in scholastic exercises, religious con- 
ferences, and quaint disputations. Charles was a peculiar 
favourite : Oxford had welcomed him in his prosperity, 
nobly supported him in his struggles, and adhered to him 
in the time of trouble and defeat. The king^s love of 
literature^ his fondness for the arts, his generous patron- 
age of the university, his coui*teous affikbility towiu^ her 
members, and, above all, his maintaining what he con- 
sidered to be the right course, had endeared him to all 
the old members of Oxford, where he w^ both respected 
and beloved ; and these feelings had descended from father 
to son even to the days of Heame. The restoration was 
hailed with delight through the whole of England ; but no 
where more heartily than in Oxford. Her members had 
suffered more than most during the rule of tyranny iind 
fanaticism. They had be^n despoiled of their property, 
ejected from their livings, and subjected to^very injury 
and insult at the hands of a rabble who thought them- 
selves reformers, but had no other aim than their own 
advancement, and the plunder of those who had any thing 
to lose. Can we wonder then at the popularity with which 
Charles the Second ascended his father's throne; or be 
surprised that Heame, and those who thought with him, still 
adhered, in the following reign^ to the race of the Stuarts t 
And they continued to do so, even after James had sought 



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APPENDIX I. 879 

to intrude upon their liberty of conscience^ and to bring 
back popery within the waUs of old Oxford. HeamO' lived 
and died a true protestant^ but the Roman catholics were 
all Jacobites, and as he continually received much kind- 
ness from them as individuals, so he always treats the per- 
sons themselves and their religion with respect. He re- 
members only that James was the rightful heir to the 
throne, he implicitly believes in the legitimacy of the 
Pretender, and he continues a true Jacobite to the last, 
in common with vast numbers of others in Oxford who 
entertained similar principles. All this will, I think^ suf- 
ficiently appear in the foregoing pages. 

And here let me, by way of postscript, lament the evil 
that has befallen Oxford in these her latter days. Since 
the commencement of these volumes, I have lived to see 
the constitution of the university, so wisely devised by all 
the most learned and experienced men of former times, and, 
as it was imagined, so firmly established by archbishop 
Laud, overthrown by a revolutionary faction ; the board of 
Heads of Houses deposed from the government of the body 
by means of vulgar clamour and the most bare-faced mis- 
representation, without a singhfavU or fact prof!>ed apaimt 
them, except that they did not proceed to fancied reforms 
so fast as the impatience of the would-be reformers re- 
quired. I have seen a prime minister (himself ignorant of 
an university education) dictated to by an individual of the 
house of commons, and at his bidding, for the sake of par- 
liamentary support^ granting a one-sided commission em- 
bracing the fiercest -of the reformers themselves. I have 
seen, alas I Oxford deserted by the house of peers, her 
interests neglected by the bench of bishops, and not as 
manfully supported as she should have been, nay, in some 
instances betrayed, by her own sons; I have seen her 
members compelled to violate oaths, to disregard the in- 
junctions of founders, and set at nought the expressed 
intention of benefactors. I have seen old statutes swept 



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880 APPENDIX I. 

away, and new ones enacted, with a wilful pertinacity and 
an ill«advised haste that forbad prudence and due considera- 
tion ; and, lastly, I have lived to see a system of plunder and 
confiscation practised upon several of the foundations, those 
supposed to be the most wealthy, under the sanction of a 
second commission, comprising, strange to say, men edu- 
cated within the walls of Oxford, some of whom even pro- 
fess the practice of the law, others the administration of 
JUSTICE ! 

Let me put on record, that I had no part or parcel 
in these n^ovements ; and, though feeble in resisting 
them, from the first I denounced them as unnecessary, 
injudicious, and prejudicial — witness the subjoined letter 
to Mr. GUadstone^, who had, with his accustomed politeness, 
forwarded to me the many various copies of the University 
Reform bill, as it was altered by its promoters, from time 
to time, I might almost have said, from day to day, at the 
dictation of every academical quack, or self-seeking univer- 
sity reformer, before it was submitted to the house of com- 
mons ; a house peculiarly iU calculated to legislate on a 
question relative to an ancient university, and from which 
almost every man of birth, and country gentleman, has been 
excluded, to make way for linnen drapers and dissenting 
ministers, rail-road contractors and rail-road speculators. 

St. Mast Haix, Oxford, 
March 30, 1854. 
b Pkab Sir, 

I beg to acknowledge the receipt of the parliamentarj papers relative to 
the proposed changes in the imiTersity of Oxford, and to thank you for this 
kind attention on your part. It would give me^pleasnre if I could coincide 
with your views on the subject ; but I confess I contemplate with dismay the 
wild and revolutionary scheme proposed by Her Majesty's ministers, which I 
cannot but fear, if carried into effect, will result in the total rain of the 
university. 

I am, dear sir, 

your fiaithfal servant, 

Philip Bliss. 
The Right HonMe W. E. Gladstone. 



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APPENDIX I. 881 

gamblers on the stock-exohange, and the founders of ficti- 
tious banks ; nay^ the time does not seem far distant, when 
this august assembly may be enlarged by the admission of 
a Jew stock-jobber, a quack vendor of rasor-strops, and an 
advertising tailor ; and all of them, to a man> in name a 
liberal, by profession a reformer ! . 



It was at one time meditated to reprint Heame^s Life, 
as given by the late Mr. HuddQ$ford ; but as this would 
have extended the book, already beyond its proper limits, 
and the "Lives of Leland, Heame, and Wood,"" 8vo, Oxford, 
177^, are either in the hands of most of the collectors of 
Heame^s works, or easily attainable, that intention has 
be^n abandoned. It may however not be out of place to 
say a few words touching our author. 

Thomas Heame was the son of George Heame, parish 
clerk of White Waltham, Berkshire ; he was born in July 
1678, put to school^ by the benevolence of Francis Cherry 
esq. of Shottesbrook, and by him sent to Edmund hall, 
where he matriculated in 1695, then in his 17th year. 
Being of very studious habits, very moral in his conduct, 

« Sept. 1, 1718. Yesterday morning called upon me Peter Alexander esq.^ 
brother to the rt. hon^^ the earl of Sterling. One captain Bartlett who lives 
at Bracknel near Windsor was with him. 

I went to school with the said Air. Alexander, and I have not seen him 
before a great many years. 

He and I were in the same form together, he being immediately next 
below me. I was tlie lowest boy in the schoole when I went first, Mr. Alex- 
ander being in his gnunmar when I began my accidence ; bnt in a little time 
(for I was not at the grammar school above 3 or 4 years in all) I got to be 
the head boy of the schoole. 

Mr. Alexander conld not bnt observe yesterday how I coold very rarely be 
drawn to play, spending my time at my book while other boys were at play. 

Nov. 13, 1729. Peter Alexander esq., one of the clerks of his majesty's 
signet office in Scotland is dead. From Fog^s Journal, Nov. 8. NB. I went 
to school with this gentleman at Bray. He would have been earl of Stirling 
had he survived the present earl. This Peter was the youngest of four 
brothers, that I knew, was very good natured, and died a single man, having 
never been married. 

3l 



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882 APPENDIX 1. 

humble and obliging in his disposition^ he soon made 
friends in Oxford; and although he was offered prefer- 
ment in the colonies^ so soon as he had been admitted to 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, (in 1699,) he declined to 
<^uit the university. Becoming a constant frequenter of 
the Bodleian, he soon made himself acquainted with the 
treasures of that noble library, and his diligence and know- 
ledge being remarked by the principal librarian, Mr. Hud- 
son, he was appointed, in 1701, assistant keeper, much to 
his own satisfaction, and greatly to the benefit of the 
library. It may well be imagined, that this period was 
the happiest of his life, and continued so for several years. 
In 171^ he was promoted to be second keeper of the Bod- 
leian, which place he continued to hold till the latter end of 
1716, when, as he says (vol. 37, 191), " he was debarred the 
library upon account of the oaths, and new keys were made, 
and the lock of the library door altered, tho^ he hath got 
the old keys by him, having not made any resignation, or 
consented to the putting any one into his place." Heame 
then retired to Edmund hall, and as he had early com- 
menced to be a publisher, his various works being highly 
esteemed and earnestly sought after by the curious, he now 
continued his literary labours, printing from time to time 
such manuscripts as his own collection, or the libraries of 
his friends, supplied him with<l. 

The life of a retired literary man like Heame cannot be 
supposed to supply much. of incident or of interest. His 
political principles received support from one party, and 
provoked a violent opposition from the other. Conceiving 

d See his own catalogue of them carefoUy drawn up, and which wiU bo 
found very interesting, at pp. 37-1 1 6 of Huddesford's lAf€, It may be here 
mentioned, which I do not remember to have seen elsewhere recorded, that 
Heame, shortly before his death, actually received subscriptions for the 
edition of the Chrmieie of John Bever, amounting to $oL gs^ which, after 
his decease, his executors repaid to the different subscribers. The price 
was to have been two guineas the large, and one guinea and a half the small 
paper. 



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APPENDIX I. 883 

himself deeply injured, and a continual object of perse- 
eation, he speaks with bitter asperity of some of the ruting 
powers of the university, who on their parts viewed him as 
a dangerous character, hostile alike to the throne and the 
then dominant party, and a fomentor of dissatisfaction 
throughout the place. But in reality Heame was a quiet, 
peaceable man in his own natural character : he bore his 
numerous disappointments with resignation, and the many 
hard speeches and constant rebuffs received from those in 
authority with forbearance, contenting himself with record- 
ing their failings, and condemning their compliance with 
the times, in his Diary, where he equally lauds, in glowing 
terms, the virtues and learning and divers good and ami- 
able qualities of every hanesi man of his acquaintance; 
meaning, of course, every Jacobite and non-juror. 

In the midst of all his difficulties, his love of Oxford was 
predominant. Considering him as a sort of political victim, 
his fri^ids thought, that if removed from the university, 
he would b^ at peace and happy, and accordingly several 
prospects were held out to him. It was proposed to him, 
to become librarian to the Boyal Society ; that he should 
receive a considerable pension as the publisher of Petyt*s 
papers in the library of the Inner Temple ; that he should 
be appointed librarian to lord Oxford, and so have the 
superintendance of the celebrated Harleian library ; whilst 
his friend Browne Willis, had he taken orders, would have 
given him the living of Bletchley, and Mr. Thomas Raw- 
linson held out prospects of preferment in some other 
quarter, and of some other kind, the exact nature of which 
does not appear «. Nor were his friends in Oxford less 

« To Mr. Thomas RawUnsoH. 
Sim, 
Your question is, whether J am fl^d to Oswu immaveable t To which I 
must beg leave to dedine giving an answer 'till I am satisfyed 

f . Whether any pkoe, worthy mp aeoeptanee, be reaUy designed for me ? 
9. What place it if, and upon what terms and conditions it is to be 
received? 

3 L 2 3. no«^ 



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884 APPENDIX I. 

soKoitous to serve him. He was importuned to oflTer him-* 
self for several offices of reputation and emolument^ and 
with a certainty of success ; but Heame was uncon^ro- 

3. How 1 $haU espoae eithsr Mf s§{fitr my friends by not answezing your 

qnettion? 

♦ * * * I am, sir, 

your most obliged 

homble servt. 

Tho. Hbarne. 

7b Mr. Richard RawUmon, 
DbarSir, 
*« I am glad yomr brother is retomed safe from HoUand* * my homble 
MTfice to him, and thanks for all his fkvoars, particularly his last I cannot 
learn either from his or your letter what the place in view is. I do not know 
how to give any answer till I understand what it is, what are the duties of it, 
what tiie salary, and What previous conditions are required ; tho' after aU I 
must acquaint you that I am so much ingaged in business here(which cannot 
be done elsewhere) that I cannot, at p rese n t, quit this place, I having made a 
pnblick promise to finish what I have begun, and it will be some years before 
that can be accomplished* So that this being the state of my affidrs, I must 
be forced, for a while, to acquiesce, and to be content with a little in this 
place, (for more I do not ezspect,) rather than settle in any otiier place with 
a much greater income, where I cannot perform what I have undertaken for 
the publick, at least not with the same adrantage as here. 

lam, sir, 

your obliged humble serrant, 

Ttto. Hbaens. 
(MS. Collect zlviij.) 

7b Mr. Rich, RawUnstm, 
Rnl, 
I thank you for your information. But you still keep me in the dark as to 
the business and duty of the place jt was designed for me. Nor do yoa 
express either the salary or conditions. I mention conditions ; because, I 
iuppose, thdre are certain ceremonies to be performed before one can be said 
to be possessed of the place. I am obliged to all my friends for their foToun 
on this Account, and in a particular manner to your brother, to whom I desire 
you wowld prosent my service and thanks. • • • 

Tho. Hbarnv. 
(bdg. 30.) 
Dee. 91, 1713. Dr. HaDey is made aeeretary to the Royal Society, in room 
of Dr. Sloan, who hath resigned. An oifer at this time was made to me of 
being librarian to the society, and keeper of their museum, which however I 
dedined, my drcnmstances not permitting me to leave Oxford. (Ixiy. 49.) 



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APPENDIX I. 885 

mising an to his principles, and believing that the acceptance 
of any post or office must involve the necessity of taking the 
oaihs» steadfastly refused to stand. He lived therefore 
and died in Oxford without any preferment, having, by 
his industry and economy, amassed a oonaderable sum ; no 
less than upwards of a thousand pounds were found in 
his room after his decease, which occurred, after a short 
ilhiess, June 10, 1735^ at the no great age of fi%-seven. 
He was buried in the church-yard of St. Peter's in the 
East, where his tomb is still to be seen. It has been more 
than once restored, the last time about 1820, by a subscrip- 
tion set on foot by Mr. Joseph Skelton, the engraver. 
Heame^s will, proved in the court of the university^ is to 
be found in the Appendix to Mr. Huddesford^s Life. His 
MSS.., including his diaries, which had been left to Mr. 
Bedford, were sold by that gentleman to Dr.Bawlinson 
for £100 : and by him bequeathed to the Bodleian library, 
with an injunction that the diaries should not be open to 
the public till seven years after his decease. This happened 
in 1765b. 

f In the Bodleian is a copy, by himael^ of the last letter Hearne ever 
wrote. Acknowledging the receipt of a snm of money from Mr. 'William 
Bedford, he condodee, 
'< Dbab Sim, 
Yoa will pardon my not writing sooner, which hath been oocaaion'd by the 
indiflpofition of, Sir, i 

yoor moat obliged hnmble serrant, 
" Edm. Han, Oxford, Tho. Hbabnb.** 

Jona aa, 1735." 

This discrepancy in the date can only be acooimted for by Heame's foiget- 
folness, occasioned by the severity of his illnesa at the last 

f Heame's printed books were purchased by Tho. Osborne, who in Feb* 
1735-6 sent out '< A catalogue of the valuable library of that great antiquarian 
** Mr. Tho. Hearne of Oxford, and of another gentleman of note, consisting 
'* of a great variety of uncommon books, and scarce ever to bo met withaL" 
8vo, pp. 196, with a small head of Hearne, and the well-known epigram of 
Tfane and onr antiquary's memory. A copy will be found aoiong Mr. Cfynea* 
books in the Bodleian. 

8l3 



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886 APPENDIX I. 



PORTRAITS OF HEARNE. 

I am indebted to one of the best judges of every thing 
connected with art, and the moBt liberal collector of all 
relating to Oxford and its antiquities^ for this notice of 
Heame's portraits, by far the most perfect, and the only 
really accurate, list yet given to the public. 

I Full length, sitting in his stady, or chamber in Edmund hall, 
reading a book which he holds in his right hand, leaning his bead 
on his left hand and resting his left elbow on a table, with books 
and inkstand, a drawer, and carved legs, oval top, with one leaf 
let down. He is in the cap and gown of a servitor, a large glove 
lying in his lap. On the left hand, within the bottom hue, are the 
words : '* Drawn Engraven and Sold by M. Burghers^ in St. Peters 
the East at Oxford er." On a slip of paper attached to Mr. Bindley's 
impression is the following MS. note : " Designed for Mr. Thomas 
Heame when he was a servitor at Edmund Hall." Mr. Bindley 
has subjoined : " N.B. The above is of the hand writing of Mr. 
West, to whom this print belong'd originally — very rare." Mr. 
Bindley however is mistaken, the handwriting being evidently 
that of lord Oxford, as appears upon comparing it with original 
letters to Heame, both from West and lord Oxford, preserved in 
the Bodleian library. The engraving is equal to Faithome, and 
the attitude and expression of the head extremely beautiful. 
Height 6 inches 3 eighths, width 4 i9ches 4 eighths. 

^ Half length, in a gown and band, his right hand holding an 
open book, his left resting on his hip, the face three quarters 
looking to the left. Below, "Thomas Heame, M. A. of Edmund 
Hall Oxon. '^Icmans d. G. Vertue S. 1 723." 

Vertue engraved two plates dated 1733, both after Tillemans. 
Of the one which has " Rob. of Gloucester" on the open book, 
there are impressions before the inscription " Pet Langt" on the 
back of the third volume from his right shoulder. The other 

3 plate, which is likewise dated 1723, has a different and milder 

K In the Bodleian is ui impraeaon, giTen, I beliere, bj Burghers, wantaog 
this address, and inscribed only M. Bwrfiart 9Gttip, 



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APPENDIX I. 887 

countenance, especially in the expression of the eye- brow. There 
are no words on the open book, nor is Pet. Lang^ on the back of 
the volume, as above. It is also an eighth narrower than the 
other plate, being 4 inches six eighths wide, instead of 4 inches 
seven eighths. This plate generally occars with the date altered 
to 1729, the words " Dyed X June MDCCXXXV." added, and 
" suum cuique" on the open book. 

4 Vertue engraved a smaller plate, 4 inches one eighth wide, 
wfthout the name of TiUeraans, but after the same design as the 
others, with no date after the words *' G. Vertue Scul." It is 
generally pre6xed to copies of the " Vindication of the Oath of 
Allegiance,*' 8vo, printed in 1731. It may readily be distin- 
guished from Vertue's prior plates, by the buttons to the waistcoat 
being 8, (whereas there are only 6 in the 4to plates,) and the 
words " Oath of Alleg." on the open book. In the later im- 
pressions, as used for the Lives of Leland, Heame and Wood in 
1772, these words are erased, leaving the open page blank ; and 
the words " Obiit 10 Junii, 1735, i£tat. 57" are added under 
Heame*s name. 

5 The same likeness, about an inch high, is introduced in the 
left hand lower comer of the frontispiece to ** Ectypa varia " 
1737* engraved by Vertue, but without his name. 

6 The same design, a mezzotinto, inscribed "Thomas Heame 
M.A. of Edmund Hall Oxon" with "Oath of Alleg." on the 
open book ; 5 inches 4 eighths high, 4 inches 3 eighths wide. 

7 The same design, 2 inches 5 eighths high by 2 inches 1 
eighth wide ; " Parr scul." and " Oath of Alleg." on the open 
book. In letterpress around it are the words : Heamius behold ! 
in Closet close y-pent, Of sober Face, with learned Dost besprent: 
To future Ages will his Dulness last, Who hath preserved the 
Dulness of the past." This is a vignette, on the title-page of the 
** Impartial Memorials of the Life and Writings of Thomas 
Heame M.A., by several hands." London, printed in the year 
MDCCXXXVI. 

8 The same design, inscribed " Tho*. Heame M. A. E. Cook 
Sculp*.," 5 in. 2 eighths high, 3 in. 7 eighths wide. 

There are other modem copies after Tillemans and Vertue, 
done for magazines &c., of inferior execution. 

3l4 



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888 APPENDIX I, II. 

9 Half length, 3 quarters, looking to the right, in an oval, 
under which are two lines : 

Pox out, quoth Time to Thomas Heame, 

Whatever I forget You learn, 
Thid i? upon the title-page to the catalogue of his library " to be 
8old very cheap, th'e lowest price mark'd in each book, at T. Os- 
borne's shop in Gray*8-Inn, on Monday the 16th day of Febru- 
ary, 1735-6," 8vo. 
ID Fall length, in a gown, pointing with his right band to a ruined 
tower, below which is a scroll inscribed ** Ectypa varia," intro. 
duced with other figures in the lower compartment of the Oxford 
Almanack for 1747» the upper part of which contains a view of 
the court of St. Edmund hall from the south. Vertue engraved 
two plates for the Almanack of this year, apparently the same, 
but easUy distinguished by one having ** New Years d.," and the 
other "New Years day," in the calendar 1^. 

It may save fhiitless inquiry to mention, that two foreign 
portraits have been sold as those of Heame, probably from their 
corresponding with verbal descriptions of Vertue's print : " half 
length, own hair" and " holding a book." One is the portrait 
of *' Petrus Van Staveren Amstel. Eccles. Leyd. Pastor," engraved 
by Joh. van Munnikuysen, after Will, van Mieris, an impression 
of which had the lower margin and inscription cut off; the other 
is an etching of an old man, half length, in a cloak and band, a 
cocked hat under his right arm, holding a book with both hands, 
the face in profile, looking to the right. There is a cartouche 
below without any inscription. The aquiline nose, long chin, and 
age apparently beyond 60, render it quite impossible to have 
been a portrait of Heame. 7 inches 3 eighths high, 5 inches 
2 eighths wide. 

No. II. See p. 50. 

" The Genuine Bemains of that learned Prelate Dr. Thomas 
Barlow, late Lord Bishop ofLincolny eontainif^ divers Dis* 

^ In the university accounts for 1 746-7 are the following items, 

Vertue 2 Ahn. plates for 1 747 55. 7. 6. 

Cole engraving Calendars 11. o. o. 

Oreen [for the design] 8. 8. o. 



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APPENDIX II. 889 

courses Sfc. PubUshedfrom his Lordshif^s original Papers, 
London, PrinUtd for John Vunion at the Raven in the 
Poukery, \m^r 

Such is the title of the book referred to by Heame. It 
contains nearly one hundred original treatises, many in the 
form of letters, by bishop Barlow, and was published by sir 
Peter Pett, knt>, the lineal descendant of the great ship- 
builder to the royal navy. It was grown so scarce that Dun- 
ton, in 1705, declares it impossible to procure a copy in 
London ; and he would have reprinted it, but for the expense, 
and his own poverty. Bishop Barlow^s printed books, and 
a few of his MSS., almost every volume containing some 
valuable MS. remark in his own hand, will be found in the 
Bodleian, and Queen^s college library. The original build- 
ing at the latter was indeed erected for the purpose of re- 
ceiving them, in 1694. 

To the reverend Mr. John Goodwin, minister of CrocTs 

u^ord in Oolemanstreet, 
Sir. 

I always find in the prosecution of yoar arguments that per- 
spicuity and acateness, which I often seek and seldom find in the 
writings of others. You assert the universal redemption of all 
mankind, without exception, by Jesus Christ. Possibly there 
wants not dear rays of truth in your discourse* but 1 want eyes 
to see them. Therefore I lay the blame on my self» well know- 
ing that you are not bound to find me arguments, and find me 
understanding too. 

But without more prefatory words; referring to ch. i8, §. 6. 
and p. 464 of your treatise caU'd Redemption Redeem'd, where 
your argument is this» 

If Christ died not for all men, then all men are not bowtd to 
believe on ^m. 

But all men are bound to believe on him. 

Therefore he died for all. 

I shall acquaint you that it is this argument of yours I shall 

^ Of whom see Wood*8 AthcnK, vol. iv. p. 576. 



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890 APPENDIX II. 

pitch on, and the rather because it hath been cry'd up by men of 
your judgment as the great Gbliath of Gath, which no David 
could conquer, a kind of argumentwn AchiUeum, And so Ar- 
minius calls it himself. 

Many of our divines do mistake in untying the Gordian knot : 
and tho' several of them deny the major, yet I deny the minor, 
and affirm that all men are not bound to believe on Jesus Christ, 

And here I shall first give my reasons why I deny it. Se- 
condly, answer yours. 

By all men, it is to be supposed that you mean all men in general, 
and indeed you say so tn terminis. You say that Christ hath 
obtained this favour of God for all men without exception, that 
they should receive sufficient means to enable them to repent and 
believe. 

Your conclusion to prove is that Christ died for all, and there- 
fore your medium which you prove it by must be as large. For 
the principles of logic and natural reason tell us, that there 
must be a just proportion and adequation between the medium 
by which we prove» and the conclusion to be proved. £^ the 
argument must of necessity be weak and inconsequent. 

Now I say that all men have not a legal tie and obligation on 
them to believe on Christ. And here, first it will easily be 
granted that no human obligation can tie men to this. 

For the internal acts of beli^ and dependence on Jesus Christ 
for salvation, as they are not within the compass of human cog- 
nizance, so no man was ever invested with such a power and 
dondmum (which is the foundation of all laws) over all mankind, 
as to be able to lay an obligation on all men universally, which in 
this case is required. 

Secondly, Neither is there any divine law which binds all men 
to believe in Jesus Christ, natural or positive. 

First, not natural. The w6iu}s Sypaufxts, or (in St. Paul's phrase) 
pSftos rfi icapM^ tfyypoKpoSf those Koufoi hfvotai in Aristotle's language, 
or those wpwra t^ ipvo'ttn and irpoKriyfttis ^vcrueai (in the dialect of 
the Stoicks) those dictates of natural reason, cannot possibly 
bind a man to the belief of that which the light of nature cannot 
discover. But the light of nature never could, nor can discover 
that there was or ever would be such a man and mediator as 



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APPENDIX II. 891 

Jesos Christ, seeing the being of soch a man and mediator did 
not depend on any principles of nature, bat solely and wholly on 
the Kberum Dei decretum et beneplacitum, which was not possible 
to be known by any created understanding whatsoever, farther 
than he was gradonsly pleas'd to reveal and discover it 

For by natural reason we may know first, that God is merci- 
ful, and may if he please pardon ; but that actually he will, is 
beyond the power of any natural understanding to condnde. 
For it will no more follow, he is merciful, and therefore he will 
pardon, than it doth, he is just, therefore he will punish. 

But secondly, admit that we might by the light of nature know 
that he will pardon penitent sinners, yet whether he would do it 
tfjr potestate absobUa et jure dominU, or propter meritum Christi, 
(seeing he might do either if he pleas'd,) this was above the 
finite capacity of any man or angel to know further than God 
reveal'd it to them. 

lis true indeed that on supposition that Grod had reveal'd to 
aD the world that Christ should or had died for them, and that it 
was his will that all should rely on him for salvation, then the 
law of nature would oblige all men (to whom the revelation was 
made) to bdiieve accordingly, because nature itself binds us, omm 
verba dkrino credere, when it is discovered to us : but then the 
obligation is not originally and immediately from the law of na- 
ture, but medUmie revekUione Dmnd ; of which in the next place. 

Secondly, Therefore, as no natural law binds all men to believe 
in Jesus Christ, so no positive law doth : and therefore all men 
are not bound to believe on him. 

That this may appear, I say, that to bring a positive obligation 
on all mankind, two things are necessarily required : 

First, Latio legis. 
Secondly, Publicatio, 

First, Tis necessary such a law should be made. For every 
legal obligation pre-supposeth a law made, which may oblige aD 
those to and for whom it is made. And to the making of such 
a law, there are two things required : 

First, potestas, that the lawgiver be persona publicd authori- 
tate pr^edita, and have a just power and authority to command, 
see Franc. Suarez De Legibus, /.i.e. 8. 



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892 APPENDIX II. 

Secondly, volvntas obligandi, that he be willing to give such a 
command as may induce a legal obligation to obedience : Smarts 
ibidem, c. 5. Occham in 3. QMtest, 22. A Castro, lib. 2. De lege 
pcenali, cap, 1 . For if either of these be wanting, it is impossible 
to make a law to bind any, much less all. 

Secondly, Nor is latio legie sufficient to induce an obligation ; 
bat there must be a sufficient promulgation of it too. L. Leget 
SacratissinuB. C. De Leg. Suarez ubi eupru, 1. 1. c. 11. § 3. p.35. 
For suppose a monarch who hath a supreme nomothetical 
power to make a law, and when it is made and written, should 
lay it up in arduvis imperii, so that it be not known nor publish'd 
to his subjects, it is manifest that such n law neither is nor can 
be obliging till he takes care for the publishing of it : so that a 
legal and sufficient publication most of necessity precede the ob- 
ligation of any law. Cum lex per modum regula conetitwUmr (saith 
Aquituu, I. 2. quasi. 90. art. 4. in Corp. Vasqueg ibidem) earn ui 
obligandi vim habeat promulgari et ad eorum qui legi eubjienmUar 
notitiam deduci oportet. 

Thus much in thesi I conceive evident : and now in hypothesi 
that I may apply it to our present purpose. Admit that there 
were such a law made in the gospel as did intend to oblige all 
mankind to believe in Jesus Christ for salvation, yet I deny that 
de facto it doth oblige all men to that belief, for want of sufficient 
promulgation and publication ; since 'tis dear that many millions 
of men never heard of it. 

During the legal economy and dispensations of the Old Tes- 
tament, God did discover somewhat of Christ to the Jews, yet 
not so to the Gentiles, which were infinitely the major part of 
the world. And of the Grentiles none knew of it but such as 
were proselytes, and brought to an union with the Jews, who 
were few in comparison of the rest who sat in darkness and in the 
shadow of death. Hence it is that when the gospel was published 
among the Gentiles, and the apostles preached every where that 
men should believe on Christ for salvation, (Act. xvii. 1 8.) they 
called our Saviour $€pov IkuiiAtnop, a strange deity or damon, not 
heard of before. The times of ignorance God winked at ; that is, 
the men of those times, as Grotius on the place. See Deut. xxii. 
I, 2, 3, 4. Ypu cannot say that God did promulgate such a law 
to the Gentiles before Christ, as obliged them to believe on Christ 



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APPENDIX IL 898 

for salvation. By the later diBCOveries of the world, it is apparent 
that many nations never heard of Christ. And some say there 
are whole nations that worship no God. 

Episcopius the Arminian was of this opinion of mine, and quotes 
that place, How thaU they believe on hm that they have not heard 
of? And how shall they hear without a preacher, x«*pW taipwnroms, 
without a promulgator or publisher : for so in Soidas the word is 
taken, and pradkare is to publish in the civil law. 

A third reason why I deny this assertion is because infants are 
not bound to believe in Jesus Christ ; and they are a considerable 
part of the world. And therefore all men are not bound to be- 
lieve on Christ. The great and good lawgiver binds none to 
impossibilities. And if you can make it appear upon just and 
carrying grounds that infants, naturals to whom God hath not 
given the use of reason, and those many millions in all ages who 
never heard the gospel, are bound to believe in Christ for salva- 
tion, then I shall grant your minor^ and admit your argument to 
be good, namely, that Christ died for all without exception, 
because aU without exception are bound to believe in him. 

I shall now weigh your reasons which make you think your 
notion to be as dear as the noon-day. 

The first objection of yours is. Now God^s commanding all men 
to repent, as it is in the Acts. 

But Quid hoc ad Iphicli boves ? It doth not follow, because to 
rq;>ent, therefore to believe. For the light of nature commands 
all men who have sinned, to repent of that sin, and would have 
done so if Jesus Christ had never been revealed to the world. If 
Sempronius hath sinned, be is bound by the law of nature to 
repent. For the law of nature obligeth men to love God with all 
their hearts^ and therefore to repent and turn to him, and be 
sorry for their sins. And so the law of nature bound Adam to 
repent because he had sinned, and that before the new covenant 
was made. Adam had a command to repent from the law of 
nature, but not to believe. 

Your other objection is. He that believes not shall be damned, 

I answer, infidelity is twofold. First, privative, when we do 
not believe the things which we are bound to believe. And this 
is a vice and moral obliquity opposed to the virtue of faith. 



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894 APPENDIX II. 

That principle in the schools is a dear troth, Omne malum 
morale eti carentia honi debili inesse pro eo iemfore pro quo e9t 
dehitwn. 

Secondly, infidelity is negative : and this is taken to be Ca- 
rentia fidei in iie qui non tenentur credere, 

.Those reprobates to whom Christ was never revealed shall 
not be tried by the law of the gospel, nor the positive law given 
to the Jews, nor any part of it, morale ceremonial, and judicial, 
as far as it was positive. For in this sense the Gentiles are said 
to have no law, Rom. ii 14. and therefore not to be judged by it, 
Rom. ii. 1 2. But they shall be tried by the law of nature. For 
so St. Augustine hath long since stated the question (Aug. in 
Johannem)^ Eos (speaking of the Gentiles) ad quos evangel pnedi- 
catio non pervenerit^ exeueari a peccato infideUtatit, damnari propter 
alia peccata, quorum excueaiionem non habent, utpote in legem 
natune commisea. 

Thus, sir, have I in the way of a Ubera tkeologia communicated 
my thoughts to you. If you can convince me that I have therein 
erred, we shall both of us be gainers by your so doing : you will 
gain the victory, and I the truth. And this is all at present 
from. 

Sir, 
"Vour very humble servant K 

Septi65i. 

March 8, 1725-6. Dr. Thomas Barlowe, bp. of Lincoirt, 
tho' a good divine, yet was a very poor preacher, as I a 
few days since heard old Mrs. Beisley, a widow woman of 
St. Peter^s in the East, Oxon., now seventy-three years old, 
say, she remembring him very well. E. Oharles II. made 
him bp. by the endeavours of sir Joseph Williamsoa, &c., 
which sir Joseph was an ungratefuU man, and neglected 
those that were equally as good scholars, and men of much 
better judgment, and far more honesty. For as for Bar- 
lowe^ he was a Galvinistical, trimming divine, and tho** a 
man of great reading, yet of but little judgment. 

h For Goodwin's answer see his Pagan *8 Debt and Dowry. Lond. 165 1. 



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APPENDIX III. 895 

Mr. West of Balliol had a Letter against Transubstan- 
tiation of Dr. Barlow's in MS. 

No. III. See p. 54. 

The eapie of a leter w>ryten by a master of arts of Camr 
brige, to AU/rimd in London ; coneeminff some talke past of 
late betwen two worship/id andgraue men, about the present 
state, and some procedinges of the Erie of Leycester and his 
friendes in England. Oonceyved^ spoken and pttblyshed, wyth 
most earnest protestation ofal duetyftd good fwyl and affection^ 
towardes her most excellent Ma. and the Realmyfor whose 
goad onely it is made common to many. 
Job. Cap. 20, Vers. 27. 

BeuekUmnt coeli iniqtdtatem eius^ terra consurget aduer- 
sus sum. 

The heauens shal reueile the wicked mans iniquitie, and 
the earth shal stand vp to beare witnes agaynst hym. Anno 
M.D.LXXXIIII. 

The running title throughout the book is, ^^ A Letter of 
State of a Scholar of Ckmbrige." 

I give the entire title of this most curious volume^ one 
of the scarcest of the period in which it appeared. It is 
in 8vo, containing the title a i . The epistle directorie to 
to M. 0. in Oratiovs Street in London a 2. The Preface 
of the conference a 3. The entravnce to the matter a 4. 
The whole work, including the title, extending from p. i . to 
p. 199. Then three concluding pages, not numbered, con- 
taining *'*' pia et vtilis meditatio, desumpta ex libro Jobi. 
cap. 20. A godlie and profitable meditation taken out of 
the 20 Chapter of the Booke of Job.**" 

That this volume was printed abroad there can be no 
doubt, nor is there any reason to question Wood's state- 
ment, that on its first importation, coming in a green 
cover, it obtained the name of Father Parsons's green coat. 
Certain it is, that bishop Barlow, who obtained his copy of 



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896 APPENDIX III. 

the second edition long before Wood wrote, namely in 
1642, the year following its publication, writes in the blank 
leaf, " This booke was made by Father Parsons the Jesuite; 
and att firste was oalPd Greencoat alias Leycester's Goinon- 
wealth. Vide Dr. James his life of Father Parsons, p. 59."* 
I call this of 1641 the second edition, because, after a 
somewhat extended search, I have never been satisfactorily 
convinced that there was any intervening copy. I have^ it 
is true, seen several manuscripts ; but they all seem to be 
exact transcripts from the original printed book of 1584. 
The curious reader may refer to Wood's Athenae Oxon. 
vol. III. col. 74. ed. 4to, for a curious supplement to this 
account of lord Leicester, of which I have since ascertained 
that the MS. is in Christ Church library, and that I ori- 
ginally committed an error in ascribing the story to Mr. 
Haynes. The name ought to be Poynes, probably one of 
the ancient family of Poyntz. The edition of 1641 appeared 
both in quarto and octavo K To both are appended copies 
of Leicester's Ghosty a metrical history of his life, written 
much after the manner of the Mirror for Magistrates. The 
author has not hitherto been discovered ; he thus asserts 
his impartiality : 

I am not partiall, but give him his due. 
And to his soule I wish etemall health ; 
Ne do I thinke all written tales are true, 
That are inserted in his Common-wealth. 
What others wrot before, I doe survive, 
But am not like to them incenst with hate, 
And as I plainely write, so doe I strive 
To write the truth, not wronging his estate. 
Of whom it may bee said and censurM well, 
Hee both in vice and vertue did excell. 

b To the 8to there should be a head of lord Leicester by WilL'ManhalL 
And to the early copies of the 4to a head is generaUy prefixed sometimes by 
Marshall, in others by Passe, or Elstracke, and I have one " sonld by lohn 
Hinde." 



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APPENDIX III. 897 

Nov. 14, 1783. Mr. Baker observes, that what 1 said to 
him of Leicester'^s Commonwealth being a very common 
MS. is very true. He hath seen several copies, and hath 
one of his own, which he saith should have been at my 
seryice^ if I had not had it already. He is fully satisfyM 
Parsons was the author ; no one, saith he, could write 
such a spitefull book besides himself. What Mr. Wood 
says, that he is not cited for it by Bibadeneira, is next to 
nothing : when the Jesuits write libels, they conceal the 
authors. 

Mr. Collins told me the MS. he gave me had a preface 
once in it, not in any copy he had ever seen, but that 
lending the MS. to some one that died, it came back again 
to him without the preface^. Ask Mr. Baker whether 
his MS. hath any such preface? 

Parsons seems, from some of his books, to have been, 
in many respects, a very good man. Such things are in 
them as are not agreeable to the rancour shew'd in Leices- 
ter's Commonwealth. I say rancorous, because tho^ many 
things may be too true therein, yet there is venom appear^* 
ing in divers places. 

Dee. 10, 1733. Mr. Baker hath lately seen Dr. Gray and 
Dr. A.'s long letter to Dr. ^., which is most taken up with 
shewing that time when father Parsons's book callM Leices^ 
ter^s Conunonwealth was wrote, not till towards the year 
1584, and that he has done effectually, for it appears suf- 
ficiently from internal characters ; and that it was wrote 
and printed that year, 1584, appears best from the original 

^ Mr. CoUins's copy is now among Dr. Rawlinson's MSS. in the Bodleian. 
There is certainly one leaf cat out, but the MS. contains the pre&ce usually 
found before the Commonwealth. I may here remark, that all the MSS. I 
have yet 8«en (and they are many) seen^ to be transcripts from the first 
edition, 1584, and not, in a single case, original There can be no question, 
that when the book originally came over, it created a great sensation, and was 
eagerly sought after. Probably very few found their way into England, and 
the rarity of the printed copies occasioned the vast number of MS. transcripts 
which are still found in all our eollections of any magnitude. 

8 M 



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898 APPENDIX III. 

edition printed 1684 ftcbording to Mr. Bawlinson^s cata- 
logue. 

•/cm. 4, 17S8-4. I have entertained in divers respects a 
good opinion of father Parsons, with respect to some of his 
booki}^ which 1 judg'd to be good and pious in many par- 
ticulars, tho' his book Of the Sticcesium, and some others, 
(the Three Conversiam ou^t to be excepted, which indeed 
I value,) are of very mischievous consequence, and by no 
means to be approved of. Mr. Baker cannot (he teils me 
in his letter of Nov. 23d, 1733) come into my opinion, that 
Parsons ^' was in many respects a very good man;*" (I spoke 
it chiefly with respect to his Christian Directory and his 
pious writings.) He takes him to have been a cunning 
knave. He allows indeed that he wrote one very good 
book, but then he observes, that that is said to have been 
stole, in part, from Grenada. He notes that most of the 
rest are wrote to serve bad ends, and are not consistent 
with one another, and one or more of ^em knavishly fathered 
upon the seculars. Dr. Tho. James hath said much of and 
against him, to whioh may be join'd what is said farther of 
him by Mr. H. Foulis, lib. x, cap. i, &c., and more in the in- 
troduction to the Jesuits jlfemorio/!, published from k. Jameses 
own copy in 1690, and yet more by the secular priests, all 
which may make one Jiave but a bad opinion of him ac- 
cording to Mr. Baker, which in the main is a just observa- 
tion enough. 

April 6, 1785. On Febr. 24, 17j^, Charles Eyston, of 
East Hendred in Berks, esq., wrote me a letter from 
ihence, in which he was pleased to write a note about 
father Parsons, occasioned by what I had wrote to him 
about Dr. Gregory Martin and the said father Parsons : 

" If you please to look in the Ath^ Oxon, I, col. 1 70, you will 
find Mr. Wood of opinion that Dr. Gregory Martine wrote the book 
you mention in your letter j that the true title, as well as the running 
title over every leafe, is ; A Treatise of Schisme, That it was 



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APPENDIX III. 899 

printed at Doway A.D. 1578. And that it is quite a different 
book from the Nine Reasons etc. said by Possevinus and Wood to 
be written by father Parsons. And now Parsons falls so pat in 
my way, I most tell yon I had last week here a gentleman, of as 
mnch reading, and of as much judgment, as most of my acquaint- 
ance : with whom I had at least halfe an hour's discourse about 
Parsons, upon the occasion of what you told me Dr. James 
reports of him ; and wee both concluded, that had he been guilty 
of robbing the library of Baliol coUege, (as James reports he was,) 
it would certainly have been taken notice of by his contemporary 
Cambden." 

Mr. Eyston added in the same lelter, 

•' You and I have formerly talkt of Leicester's Common- wealth : 
perhapps yon can informe me who was the real author of it. 
Mr. Wood I. 309, tells us, tho* " 'tis commonly reported, that 
Parsons writt it, yet he tells you, that Parsons himself disownes 
it, in his preface to his Wameword to sir Francis Hastinges's 
i^astwordi which I find to bee true, by the Warneword itselfe ; 
which I ha?e by me. If you have a copy of the Wameword, edit. 
1602, you will find it fol. 2nd, on the 2nd side of the leafe. The 
gentleman abovementioned, who is the honourable Rowland Be- 
lasyse, esq., (and is brother and uncle to the late and present 
viscount Fauconberg,) is your subscriber to Neubrigensis in the 
.better paper. The gentleman who gave me his subscription 
money takes Serjeant Plowden to have been the author of it, viz. 
Leycester's Common Wealth,*' 



No. IV. See p. 138. 

Mr. Cherry's manusoripts, which are only forty-two in 
number, came to the Bodleian library in 1729, arid accord- 
ing to the Catalogue of Benefactions were Jsictually be- 
queathed to the university -by the will of the possessor 
himself, his daughter sending, at the same time with the 
books, her father's portrait ; still hanging in the Bodleian 
gallery. The MSS. however, I believe, were givm at the 

3m 2 



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900 APPENDIX IV. 

suggestion of Samuel Parker', eldest son of the bishop by 
Mr. Cherry's widow, and at her decease forwarded by her 
daughter, who had an insuperable antipathy to Heame. 
It was in this collection. No. 7, that Heame^s Vindication 
of the Oath of Allegiance was discovered; and in order to 
disgrace and make him obnoxious in the eyes of his own 
party, published by John Bilston, a chaplain of AU Souls, who 
wrote the preface^ Dr. Shippen and George (nick-named JoHy) 
Ward being parties to the publication. I well remember 
Thorpe the bookseller, having a copy that had formerly 
belonged to Mr. Bak^ of St. John's, Cambridge, the 
" socius^ejectus" and Heame's friend, who had enriched it 
with several pages in his own hand, relative to the work 
and its author. If the present owner of the volume (one 
containing several tracts) sees this note, he wiU estimate 
his purchase. Dr. Rawlinson^s copy, collated with the 
origins^ MS. by himself and Mr. Ball in 1786, and ^^ some 
errours corrected, notwithstanding the pretended accuracy 
of the Bev. Mr. Bilston, the editor,^ is in the Bodleian. 
The reader, in the mean while^ shall have the following 
illustrations from Heame's Diaries^ : 

i He printed, besides many other works, see pp. 737, 865, a' now scarce 
volnme of letters on several subjects entitled Sylva, Syo, Lond. 1701. 

1 Whilst on the sabject of Mr. Ghen7*8 MSS., let me state that among 
them (No. 3) is contained a very valoable document alluded to by Burnet, 
who had, it seems, seen the original under the king's own hand, but probably 
wanting some leaves, whereas Cherry's is perfect, and therefore much more 
voluminous^ This was an account of the sees which long Henry VIII. de- 
signed, with the abbies out of which they were to be erected. Burnet, book 
3f (1539O P* 263, wonders that Chester should have been omitted. It is in 
Mr. Cherry's MSS., not as a bishoprick, it is true, but for a provost, four 
prebendaries, a reader of divinity, a schoolmaster to teach grammar and logidc 
in the Greek and Latin, an usher, 24 boys, 4 petite-canons to sing in the quire, 
4 laymen to sing and serve also in the quire, 6 choristers, a master of the 
children,, a gospeller, a pistoller, a sum of xx U. ^ to be distributed yerely in 
almes amonge pore housholders," another sum of lii li.to 11 pore men " de- 
cayed by warres or in the kinges service," xiii li. vi«. vujd. *' to be employed 
in mending yerely highe wayes,'* a steward, an auditor, a porter " to kepe 
the gates," a butler, a master cook, an under cook, " one cator to bye their 



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APPENDIX IV. 901 

Dec, 26. To the Rev. Mr. Henry Frinsham, vicar of 
White- Waltham, near Maidenhead, in Berks. 
Rbv. Sir, 

A gentleman told me yest^day, that he had heard acci- 
dentally, that a parcel of MSS. which had belonged to a 
friend of mine, together with his picture, was either given, 
or about to be given, to the Bodleian library, (from which 
I have been debarred many years,) and that a MS. of mine 
is among them. I desired to know who this friend was, 
upon which he told me, his name was one Cherry, a person 
he had never heard of before. I was much surprised at 
this, and soon resolved to write to you about it. As no 
one hath a greater regard for the posthumous fame and 
reputation of my best friend Mr. Cherry, so I shall be 
very sorry, if any thing should be done contrary to what 
he intended; particularly I shall be much concerned, if 
any MS. of mine should be so disposed of, as any way to 
be to my disadvantage. If you can, pray be so kind and 
just to me, as to let me know the truth of this affair, and 
what that MS. is of mine. In doing which you will 
oblige, Sir, 

your most humble servant, 

THO. HEAENE. 
Edmund Hall, Oxford, 
Dec. 26, 1729. 

Dec. 27. The gentleman, that told me what is said in 
the letter above inserted, ^as Mr. Owen of All Souls' coll. 

Memorand. that there was no good picture of Mr. 
Cherry. 

Mr. Cherry gave me what MSS. he designed to dispose 

dietto/' and two s^xtona. The total receipts from Chester were 1003. 5. 3., 
the portions to be paid to the proTOst, officers, and other e](pen8e8, 471. 6. 8. 
To romain for his majeety's use 531. 0.0. The whole MS. weU deserves to 
be printed. No. 36 is queen Elizabeth*s own MS. of " The Glasse of the 
synnefull sotile" dated 1544, dedicated to queen Catharine, and bound in a 
corer of her (Elizabeth's) own workmanship. 

3 m8 



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902 APPExNDIX IV, 

of, before he died, and I wrote down a note of them, and 
left it with Mr. Cherry, but I kept no copy of the note, 
never went over for the MSS., (but desired Mr. CJherry to 
send them, which however he did not, being hindered,) and 
80 I never had them, Mr. Cherry dying pretty suddenly. 

Among those MSS. I remember was sir John Fortes- 
cu0''8 Declaration, many Greek transcripts from MSS. in 
the Bodleian library, but these transcripts were taken 
(chiefly by my self) from Mr. Dodwell's transcripts, a MS. 
of Brute of England7a 4to MS. containing copies of letters , 
between Mr. Dodwell and others about the schisms, with 
some other MSS.^ the subject of which I quite forget; 
only one I well >remember was a 4to MS. in French, 
adorned with, pictures, being an account of the deposition 
of Rich. II., transcribed by Mr. Cherry himself, from an 
old MS. (which I saw, when I was a boy, several times) 
that Dr. Hickes had communicated to Mr. Cherry. This 
is the same MS. I have mentioned in my preface to Vita 
Ricardi II. 

Jan. 7. Yesterday I had a letter from Mr. Henry Frin- 
sham, vicar of White Waltham, dated Jan. 4, 1729> iu 
which Mr. F. writes thus : 

Sir, 

I received yours of the 26th last past, and would have 
giv'n you an answer to^t before now, had it not come at so 
busy a season ; tho I am apprehensive what i now send 
you will be but little satisfactory to you. Some years ago 
I took a catalogue of the MSS. you mention, but do not 
remember any thing particularly of them, whether there 
was any one amongst them that belonged to you or any 
other person, but those that had the po8se3sion of them, 
and in whose custody they were. The best account I can 
give-you of them at present is, that my pnother [Cherry] . 
gave them by will to the Bodleian library, and that my 
sister [Mrs. Anno Cherry] hath sent them to Oxon some 



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APPENDIX IV. 903 

time ago, where I suppose, they are now lodged in the 
archives. , Mr. Samuel Parker> whom I imagine you are 
acquainted mth,- can give you a better account what is 
become of them than I can, and no doubt will, if you apply 
your self to him ; for my sister consulted him about the 
sending of them thither, and he indeed, as 1 have been 
informed, first put it into my mother^s head to send them 
thither. I was no more concerned in it than you were, 
and perhaps dislike the disposal of them, in that manner, 
as much as you do ; for had not that notion been infused 
into her, 'tis not very improbable, they might have fallen 
into my hands, but no more of that." 

Jim. 11. Yesterday between 3 and 4 o'clock, I w^s with 
the Vice-Chancellour (Dr. Butler) about restoring me my 
MS. that is (what I had heard) come to the Bodjleian 
library, and was lent by me to Mr. Cherry, but never given 
by me either to him or to any one else, and I design it for 
no other place than the flames. It is the original, and is 
dated, as I very lately learned, (for I had quite forgot,) 
June xi, 1700» thirty years ago. I have not the copy of 
so much as a single word of it. It is i^tten by way of 
letter about the oath of allegiance, which I took when I 
was made batchelor of arts, as afterwards I did when I 
was made master of arts, and when I was made beadle ; 
and I paid those to whom I took it all the allegiance (that 
is just none) that was due to them. All this I readily 
acknowledge. But when the abjuration oath was imposed, 
I utterly refused it, resigned my place of arohitypography 
and superior beadle, was d^arrM (for I never resigned) 
my place of hypobibliothecarius of the Bodleian library, 
and I am now so much dissatisfyed with both oaths, (not- 
withstanding the oath of allegiance can only include all 
the allegiance that is due to the prince to whom 'tis taken, 
which can in reality be just none, to a de facto king of 
England,) that I decline and will decline taking either of 
them to the present possessors of the throne, or their sue- 

3 m4 



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904 APPENDIX IV. 

eessors, in opposition to the rightfiil heir. > Some say that 
this letter was wrote by me to induce and persuade Mr. 
Cherry to take the oath, whereas the contrary is true ; it 
was upon occasion of my taking the oath when I was made 
bachelor of arts. I put down in writing the arguments 
that persuaded me to take the oath, and this I did by way 
of letter, and afterwards I lent it Mr. Cherry, who wanted 
to be satisfyed about my reasons, as it was fit he should, 
he having educated me at the university. The arguments 
that then satisfied me are far from doing so now. I look 
upon them as weak and frivolous, and 1 am so much dis- 
satisfyed with this MS. of mine, that if they will keep it 
from me, I nevertheless revoke every paragraph, line, word, 
letter and tittle in it, and consign it over to the fire. 
When I was a chilcle, I spake [or reasoned] as a chUde, I 
wnderstood as a cMldey I thought as a ehUde ; but when I 
became a man I put atoay childish things. The Vice-Ohan- 
cellor seemed to be against restoring it me, and said every 
one of the curators' leaves must be had, and that a ma- 
jority would not do, tho' he could not but allow that tho 
thing was really mine. Upon which I presently left him, 
concluding that he was an enemy. 

Feb. 5. My best friend Mr. Francis Cherry was a vwy 
handsome man, particularly when young. 

His hands were delicately white. 

He was a man of great parts, and one of the finest gen- 
tlemen in England. K. James II. seeing him on horseback 
in Windsor forest, when his majesty was hunting, ai^ed 
who it was, and being told, the king said he never saw any 
one sit a horse better in his life. 

Mr. Cherry was educated in the free-school at Bray 
under Mr. (now Dr.) King. 

He was gentleman commoner of Edm. hall anno 168S, 
'Mr. Penton the principal having the chief care of him. 

The hall was then very full, particularly there were then 
a great many gentlemen commoners there. 



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APPENDIX IV. 905 

Mr. Cherry chummed with two more. Th^ call cham- 
berfellows by the name of chums. 

He behaved himself very genteely in the hall, and' very 
innocently. 

He used to allow himself for battelling just nine fkillings 
a week. 

He used to complain, that he was not so studious in the 
hall as he afterwards wished he had been. 

March 9. To Dr. Richard Rawlinson, at London House 
in Aldersgate street, tiondon : 
Dear Sir^ 

I know no hurt in changing any opinion for the better, 
espeoicdly when secular interest is not the motive to it. As 
for the juvenile or puerile exercise you speak of, Mr. Samuel 
Parker, who (with great weakness) advised the putting of 
those MSS. (contrary to Mr. Cherry's design, for he in- 
tended them for me) in the Bodleian library, can tell you 
more of it than I can. I lent it to Mr. Cherry, with a 
^esire y^ it might be retumM or else destroy'^d. Neither 
was done, tho' I afterwards made the same request also to 
his wido^. Whatever it be, for I have no co^y either of 
the whole or any part of it, (nor indeed ever had any, I 
revoke every thing in it, as a boyish performance not fit 
to be preserved. The right of this thing belonged, and 
does still belongs to no- one but myself, and coasequently, 
notwithstanding it be unjustly detained from me) no one 
either had or hath a right of disposing of it but my self. 
As far as I can learn, 'tis 80 years ago since 'twas wrote. 
What the particulars of it are I cannot tell at such a dis- 
tance. Let them be what they wiU^ they must not be 
looked upon as my present sentiments, or as the result of 
what I Would write now. Tho' I took the oath of alle- 
giance, as you and many others did, but went no farther, 
yet I much question whether it wiU appear from this MS. 
(to which they say my name is subjoyn'd) that I did so. 
But be the thing what it will, 1 consign it to the flames, 



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U06 APPENDIX IV. 

and protest against it's being kept in the library. I repeat 
my thanks to you for your hint about Potiphar ; 'tis not 
material as to what I alledged it for, whether it be Pharaoh 
or Potiphar. However, I may have a proper opportunity 
perhaps (for I am always willing to own any mistake) of 
signifying, that it should be rather Potiphar. In the mean 
time, I am sincerely, dear sir, 

your obliged and most humble servant 

THO. HEARNE. 

Dr. Rawlinson informs me that the title of my letter 
about the oath of alle^anoe is handed about in London, 
and that the first news of that MS. came from Mr. West, 
who ivas pleased to tell the Dr. he had ordered a copy, 
which he doubted not soon to receive with much satisfac- 
tion. If this be so, perhaps he employs Mr. Burton. Yet 
Mr. Fysher told me more fhan once, no such thing should 
be done, the MS. being not really the library'^s. The Dr.'s 
letter dated March xi, 1729-^0. 

Jufy 20. Mr. West did tell me Wise of Trin. college was the 
first that sent up to London about the juvenile letter they 
have of mine about the oath of allegiance. He sent, it seems, 
to his former pupil, Lethullier, who made thereupon a 
noise, but it hath not had their desired ends, but the con- 
trary, and good men (and such as act and speak sedately) 
say, that they now have a better opinion of me than they 
had before, declaring that 'tis an argument that I acted 
with deliberation, and not rashly, when I formerly took 
the oath of allegiance, and not as ,those do who take oaths 
. without considering at all. 

July 22. On Saturday last Mr. Browne of Univ. coll. 
told me, that the evening before Dr. Shippen, George 
Ward, and Mr. Bilston of All Souls', had been all to- 
gether for three hours about printing the letter of mine. I 
'told Mr. Br. that tliey might be ashamed of keeping it 
from mo. " Ay,"*' replyed Mr. B., " all people ought to be 
" ashamed of such doings.'^ 



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APPENDIX V. 907 

No. V. See p. 213. 
GRACES a. 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE. 

After Meat, 
Schol. fienedictus sit Deus in donis suis, 
Resp. Et sanctus in omnibus aperibus suis. 
Schol. Adjutorium nostrum in nomine Domini, 
Resp, Qui fecit ccektm et terras. 
Schol. Sit nomen Domini benedictom, 
Resp. Ab ^00 tempore usque in stecula, 

Schol, Domine Deus, resurrectio et vita credentium, qui semper 
es laudandus, turn in viventibus turn in defnnctis, gratias Tibi 
agimus pro omnibus Fundatoribus, cseterisque Benefactoribus 
nostris, quorum beneficiis hie ad pietatem, et ad studia literarum 
alimur ; Te rogantes ut nos, hisce Tuis donis ad Tuam gloriam 
recte utentes, una cum iis ad vitam immortalem perducamur, per 
Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. 

Deus det vivis g^tiam ; Ecclesise, Reginse, Regnoque nostro, 
pacem et eoncordiam ; et nobis peccatoribus vitam aetemam. 

BALLIOL COLLEGE. 

After Meat. 
Benedictus est Deus in donis suis. 
Resp. Et sanctus in omnibus operibus suis. 
Adjutorium nostrum in nomine Domini est. 
Resp. Qui fecit coelum ac terras. 
Sit nomen Dei benedictum. 
Resp. Ab hoc tempore usque ad ssecula. 

Tribuere digneris, Domine Deus, nobis omnibus bona facien- 
tibus ob Tuum Sanctum nomen Vitam aetemam. Amen. 

In memoria aetema erit Justus. 

Resp, Et ab auditione mala nunquam timebit. 

a I am indebted, in every case, to the best authority in the society, for the 
coitectness of this No. . 



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908 APPENDIX V. 

Justonim animae in manibus Dei sunt. 
Resp, Ne tangaDt eos instrumenta nequitise. 
Funde qasesumus, Domine Deus, in mentes nostras g^tiam 
TViam, ut Tuis hisce donis datis a Jobanne Balliolo et Dervorguilla 
uxore, cseterisque omnibus Benefactoribus nostris, rite in Tuam 
gloriam utentes in vitam una cum fidelibus omnibus resurgamus : 
per Jesum Cbristum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

Deus pro infinita sua dementia Ccclesise unitatem et concor- 
. diam concedat, Reginam conservet, pacemque buic Regno Popu. 
loque Christiano largiatur : per Jesum Christum Dominum nos- 
trum. Amen. 

MERTON COLLEGE. 
Before Meat. 
Oculi omnium in Te respiciunt, Domine. 
Tu das escam illis tempore opportuno. 

Aperis manumTuam, et imples omne animal benedictione Tua. 
Benedicas nobis, Domine, omnibus Bonis quae de Tua benefi. 

centia accepturi sumus. 
Per Jesum Cbristum Dominum nostrum. 

After Meat. 
Quod corpora nostra, Deus, cibo potuque abunde refecisti, 
agimuB Tibi gratias, et Benignitati Tuse quantum possnmus maxi- 
mas, simulque precamur ut animas nostras Verbo Spirituque Tuo 
deinceps pascas, ut mala omnia fugientes, ea quae placitura sunt 
Majestati Tuae perfecte intelligamus, diligenterque meditemur, et 
ad ea praestanda toto impetu feramnr. Per Jesum Christum 
Dominum nostrum. 

EXETER COLLEGE. 
Before Meat. 
Benedictus benedicat. 

Jfter Meat. 
Gratias Ubi agimus, omnipotens et JEteme Deus, pro his atque 
omnibus beneficiis Tuis. Conserves quaesumus Ecclesiam Catho- 
licam, Regnum Britannicum, Reginam Victoriam, totamque pro- 
geniem Regiam, desque nobis pacem in Christo aetemam. 

ORIEL COLLEGE. 

Before Meat. 
Bencdicte Deus, i\ui pa^cis nos a juvcntute nostra et praebes 



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APPENDIX V. 909 

cibam omni carni, reple gaudio et laetitia ^corda nostra at nos 
afiatim quod satis est habentes abundemus ad omne opus bonum, 
per Jesum Christum Dominum Dostrum, Cui, Tecum et Spiritu 
Sancto, sit omnis honos, laus, et imperinm, in secula saeculorum. 
Amen. 

After Meat. 
Domine Deus, resurrectio et vita credentium, qui semper es 
laudandus cum in viventibus tnm in defunctb, agimus Tibi gratias 
pro Edvardo secnndo, Fundatore nostro, pro Adamo de Brome, 
praecipuo Benefiactore, cseterisqne Benefactoribus nostris, quorum 
beneficiis hie ad pietatem et ad studia bonarum literarum alimur ; 
rogantes ut nos, his donis Tuis recte utentes, ad Resurrectionis 
gloriam immortalem perducamur ; per Jesum Christum Dominum 
nostrum. Amen. 

QUEENS COLLEGE. 

Before Meat, 
Benedic nobis, Domine Deus, et his donis, quse ex liberalitate 
Tua sumpturi sumus ; per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. 
Amen. 

After Meat. 

Benedictus «it Deus in donis suis. 
Resp. Sicut et in operibus suis. 
Adjutorium nostrum in nomine Domini. 
Resp. Qui fecit coelum et terras. 
Sit nomen Domini benedictum. 
Reap. Nunc, usque et in seecula. 

Dignere, Domine Deus, largiri nobis omnibus Te invocantibus 
propter nomen Tuum sanctum vitam setemam. Amen. 

Domine Deus, resurrectio et vitiL credentium, qui semper es 
laudandus, tum in viventibus, turn in defunctis, agimus Tibi 
gratias pro fundatore nostro Roberto Eglesfield, cseterisque no- 
stris benefactoribus, quorum beneficiis hie ad pietatem et lite- 
rarum studia ah'mur : rogantes ut nos, his donis recte utentes in 
nominis Tui gloriam, ad resurrectionis gloriam perpetuam perdu- 
camur; per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

Deus det vivis gratiam, ecclesiae, reginae, regnoque nostro 
pacem et concordiam, et nobis peccatoribus vitam a?ternam. 
Amen. 



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910 APPENDIX V. 

[St. Edmund Hall. — Grace before dinner same as at Queens 
College. 

AfUr Dinner* — Agimns Ubi gratias, Deus et Pater, pro tot 
beneBciis, quae nobis assidue et pro infinita Tua libenJitate lar- 
giris, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.] 

NEW COLLEGE. 

1 . Ante Prandium. 
Vers, Benedicite ; 

Reap, Domino. 

Vers, Oculi omnium spectant in Te, Domine ! 

Resp. Tu das iis eicam in tempore opportuno, 

Tu aperis manum et imples omne animal benedictione Tua. 
Gloria Patri, &c. 
Oratio, Benedic nobis, l)omine Deus, et iia donis Tuis quas de 

Tuakrgitate sumus sumpturi, per Jesum Christum Dominum 

nostrum. 
Resp, Amen. 

Vers, Mensse caelestis participes nos fiacias, Rex setemse glorise. 
Resp, Amen. 

2. Post Prandium. 

Vers, Deus pacis et dilectionis maneat nobiscum semper 9 Tu 
autem, Domine, miserere nostri. 

Resp. Deo gratias : laudate eum omnes gentes, laudate eum 
omnes populi ejus, quoniam confirmata est supra nos 
misericordia ejus, et verita^ Domini manet in setemum. 

Gloria Patri, &c. 

Vers, Dispersit, et dedit pauperibus ; 

Resp, Et justitia Ejus manet in ssculum saeculi. 

Vers. Benedicam Domino in omni tempore ; 

Resp. Et semper laus Ejus erit in ore meo. 

Vers. In Domino glonabitur anima mea ; 

Resp, Audiant mansueti, et Isetentur. 

Vers. Magnificate Dominum mecum ; 

Resp. Exaltemus Nomen Ejus, et Ipsum. 

Vers. Sit Nomen Domini benedictum ; 

Resp, Ex hoc nunc usque in saeculum. 



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APPENDIX V. 911 

OroHo, Agimas Tlbi gratias, Omnipotens Deus. pro his et uiii- 
versifl beneficiis Tuis, qus de Tua largitate accepimus, qui 
vivis ^t regnas Dens m ssecula ^secolorum. 

Resp, Amen. 

Vers, Id memoria setema erit Justus ; 

Resp. Ab auditione mala non timebit. 

Vers. Justorum anime in manu Dei sunt ; 

Resp, Neque tanget eos cruciatus. 

Fers, Domine, salvum fac Regem nostrum ; 

Resp, Et exaudi nos in die quocunque invocamus Te. 

Vers, Domine, exaudi orationem meam ; 

Resp. Et clamor mens ad Te veniat. 

• Oratio. Omnipotens et aeteme Deus, qui semper tam es lau- 
dandus pro defunctis quam orandus pro viventibus, agi- 
mus Tibi g^tias pro Fundatore nostro Gulielmo de Wyke- 
ham, reliquisque quorum beneficiis bio ad pietatem et ad 
studia literarum aliiAir ; rogantes ut nos, his donis 'J'uis 
ad nominis Tui honorem recte utentes^ ad resurrection is 
Tuse gloriam perducamur immortalem, per Jesum Christum 
Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

3. Ante Ccenam. 
Vers. Benedicite; 

Resp. Domino. 

Vers. Coenam sanctificet qui pobis omnia prsebet 
In nomine Patris, et Filii, et Spiritus Sancti. 
Resp, Amen. 

4. Post Ccenam. 
Vers. Benedictus sit Deus in donis suis ; 
Resp. Et sanctus in omnibus operibus suis. 
Vers. Adjutorium nostrum est in nomine Domini 
Resp^ Qui fecit caelum et terram. 

Vers. Sit nomen Domini benedictum ; 
Resp. fix hoc nunc usque in seeculum. 
Oratio. Agimus Tibi gratias, &c. (ut post prandium.) 

5. Ante Prandium. 
Benedic nobis Domine Deus ! atque iis donis Tuis quae de Tua 
largitate sumus sumpturi per Jesum Christum Dominum no- 
strum. Amen. 



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912 APPENDIX V. 

6. Post Prandium. 
Vers, BeDedictus sit Dens in donis suis ; 
Resp, £t sanctae in omnibus operibus Ejus. 
Vers. Adjntorium nostrum est in nomine pomini 
Resp. Qui fecit coelum et terram. 

Vers. Sit nomen Domini benedictum ; 

Resp, Ex hoc nunc usque in ssecula saeculorum. Amen. ^ 

Oratio. Agimus Ubi gratias, omnipotens Deus, pro J'undator^ 
nostro Gulielmo de Wykebam, reliquisque quorum bene- 
ficiis hie ad pietatem et ad studia literarum alimur^ ro- 
gantes ut nos, his donis Tuis ad Nominis Tui honorem recte 
utentes, ad resurrectionis Tuse gloriam perducamur immor- 
talem, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

Fac Reginam salvam Domine ; 
Da pacem in diebus nostris. 

Et exaudi nos in die quocunque ii^vocamus Te. Amen. 

7. Ante Prandium. 
Benedictus benedicat. 

8. Post Prandium. 
Benedicto benedicatur. 

[Winchester College. 
Ante Prandium. 
Benedic nobis^ Domine Deus, atque iis donis Tuis quae de Tua 
largitate sumus sumpturi, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. 
Amen. 

Poit Prandium. 
Agimus Tibi gratias, Omnipotens Deus ! pro hid et universis 
donis Tuis quae de Tua largitate accepimus, qui vivis et regnas ; et 
es Deus in saecula sseculorum. Amen. 

Te de profundis, summe Rex, 

Jehovah, supplex invoco ! 

Intende voci suppUcis, 

Ad Te precantem suspice. 

Dehcta si peccantium 

Severus observaveris, 



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APPENDIX V. 913 

Qiiis sastinebit impias ? 
Piasve qub non deficit ? 
At lenitas paterna Tibi ; 
Hinc Te ver^mur filii ; 
Te sastineinur unico ^ 

A lucis orto sidere. 
Fiduciam tcMtamque^ spem 
In Te reponit Israel ! 
Tuo, Deus, qui sanguine 
Peccata mundi diluis. 
Deo Patri sit gloria ; 
Ej usque soli Filio ; 
Sanctissimo cum Spiritu ^ 
In ssBCulorum ssecula. 
Oratio, Omnipotens et sempiteme Deus, qui tarn es laudandus 
pro defunctis &c. ut in Grat. Act. post prandium in Coll. 
Nov.] 

LINCOLN COLLEGE. 

Before Meat. 

Benedicas nobis, qussumus Te, et hiece creaturis in usum no-* 

strum, ut ilhe sanctificats sint et nobis salutares, ut nos inde cor- 

roborati magia apti reddamur ad omnia opera bona in laudem Tui 

Nominis setemam. Amen. 

After Meat, 
iEteme Deus, 4)onorum omnium largitor, agimus Tibi gratias 
pro electione, redemptione, conservatione, pnesentique hac re- 
fociUatione ; atque etiam pro Ricardo Fleming'et Thoma Rotheram 
Fundatoribus nostris, cseterisque benefietctoribus quos exdtare 
dignatus es ad eximia bona nobis prseparanda; suppUces Te 
orantes ut eorum beneficia, quae ad sempitemam donatorum me- 
moriam vigent, complnres alios ad eandem pietatem emulandam 
ezcitare possint^ et eorum quotidie memores non indigni repe- 
riamnr hac tanta benedictione, per Jesnm Christum Dominum 
nostrum, ficclesiam universam, Regem, totum hoc regnum 
Deus pro immensa sua bonitate conservet protegat et defendat, 
fidem nostram adaugeat, peccata remittat, afflictis solatium af- 
ferat, et pacem in Christo nobis sempitemam reddat. Amen. 
* Qu. totamque. b Cmn Spirita Panu^leto. 

3" 



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914 APPENDIX V. 



ALL SOULS COLLEGE. 

Appositis et apponendis benedicat Dens, Pater Filias et Spintos 
Sancttts. 

MAGDALEN COLLEGE. 

Deas pacis et charitatis digneris qnaesamus habitare nobiscuiD, 
et Tu Domine miserere nostrum. Amen. 

Laudant Te omnia opera Toa, Domine. Laudant Te omnes 
Sancti Tui. 

Laudate Dominum omnes gentea. Landate Bum omnes popoli 
Ejas. 

Quoniam confirmata est supra nos misericordia Ejns et Veritas 
Domini manet in setemum. 

Gloria sit Patri et Filio et Spiritui Sancto. 
Sicut erat in principio sic nunc est et erit in ssBCola sseculorum. 
Dispersit et dedit pauperibus. 

Et justitia Ejus manet in ssoculum ssecuH et comu Ejus exalta. 
bitur in gloria. 

Semper benedicam Domino. 
Semper in ore meo laus Ejus. 
Cantate Domino et benedicite Nomini Ejus. 
Enunciate inter gentes gloriam Ejus et omnibus populis admi- 
rabilia Ejus. 

Largire nobis, misericors Pater, miserrimis peccatoribus aeter- 
nam vitam propter Nomen sanctum Tuum per Jesum Cbristum 
Dominum nostrum. 

Hymntis Eucharisticus. 
Te Deum Patrem colimus, 
Te laudibus prosequimur. 
Qui corpus cibo reficis, 
Cselesti mentem gratia. 
Te adoramus, O Jesu, 
Te, Fili unigenite, 
Te, qui npn dedignatus es 
Subire claustra Virginis. 
Actus in crucem factus es 
Irato Deo victima : 



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APPENDIX V. 915 

Per Te, Salvator unice, 

Vit» spes nobis rediit. 

Tibi, Sterne Spiritus, 

Cojus afflata peperit 

InfiEmtem Deum Maria 

iEtemum benedicimue. 

Triune Deus, bominum 

Salutis Auctor optime, 

Immensum boc mysterium 

Ovante lingua canimus. 
In memoria setema erunt justi. 
Ab auditione mala non timebunt. 

Corpora eomm in pace sepalta sant, et nomina eorum vivant a 
generatione in generationem. 

Sapientiam eomm narrabunt popoli et laudes eorom enun- 
ciabit Ecclesia. 

Domine Deus, Resurrectio et Vita eorum omnium (^ui in T6 
confidunt. Qui semper benedictus es in donis Tuis et Sanctis in 
operibus, immortales gratias agimus Majestati Tuae pro Gulielmo 
de Waynfleet, Fundatore nostro, et pro omnibus Benefactoribus 
oostrig^ amplissimisque beneficiis Tuis, quae nobis per manus 
eorum tradidisti; Teque suppliciter obsecramus ut nos hisce 
donis Tuis recte utamur ad Nominis Tui bonorem, ut una .cum 
Sanctis Tuis setemae glorias in coelis participes fiamus, per Jesum 
Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. Amen. 

BRASENOSE COLLEGE. . 

Ante Prandium. 
Oculi omnium spectant in Te, Deus! Tu das illis escas' tem- 
pore opportuno. Aperis manum Tuaro et imples omne animal 
Tua benedictione. Mensae coslestis nos participes facias, Deus, 
Rex aetemae glonae. 

Post Prandium, 
Qui nos creavit, redemit et pavit^ sit benedictus in aetemum. 
Deus, exaudi orationem nostram. Agimus Tibi g^tias. Pater 
coelestis, pro Gulielmo Smith episcopo, et Ricardo Sutton milite, 

3 N 2 



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916 APPENDIX V. 

Fandatoribas Dostris ; pro Alexandro Nowel et Jocosa FranUand, 
aliisque Benefactoribas nostria ; hmniliter Te precantea at eorum 
namerum benignissime adaugeas. Ecclesiam Catholicam, et 
populum Christianam castodi. Ha^reses et errores omnes ez- 
tirpa. Victoriam RegiDam nostram et subditos ejus defende. 
Pacem da et conserva per Cbristum Dominum nostram. 

Ante Ccenam, 
Omnipotens et sempiterne Deas, sine qno nibil est dulce, nihil 
odoriferam, misericordiam Taam humiliter imploramus, at dos 
coenamque nostram benedicas ; ut corda nostra exhilares ; at qaae 
suscepturi sumas alimenta, Tuo honori, Tuseqae beneficientise ac- 
cepta referamus ; per Cbristum Dominum nostrum. 

Post CfBnam, 
Quod corpora nostra, Deus optime mazime, cibo potuque 
abunde refecisti, agimus Ubi gratias, quantas possumus mazimas ; 
simulque precamur, ut animas nostras verbo et Spiritu delude 
pascas ; ut omnia mala fugiamus ; ut quae sint Tibi placitura per- 
fecte intelligamus, diligenter meditemur, et ad ea prsntanda toto 
impeto feramur ; per Cbristum Dominum nostrum. 

CORPUS OHBISTI COLLEGE, 

Before Dinner, 
Nos miseri et egentes homines, pro hoc cibo quem ad corporis 
nostri alimonium sanctificatum es largitus ut eo recte utamur, 
Tibi, Deus omnipotens. Pater coelestis, reverenter gratias agimos, 
simul obsecrantes ot cibum angelorum, panem verum ccelestem, 
Dei Verbum setemum Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum nobis 
impertiare^ u£ Eo mens nostra pascatur, et per camem et san- 
guinem Ejus alamur, foveamur, et corroboremur. 

After Dinner. 

Infunde, quassumus, Domine Deus, gratiam Tuam in mentes 
nostras; ut hisce donis Tuis, datis a Ricardo Fox Fundatore 
nostro, cseterisque Benefactoribas nostris, recte in Tuam gloriam 
utentes, una cum fi delibus defunctis in vitam coelestem resur- 
gamus, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. 

Deus pro infinita Sua dementia^ ecclesise Sue concordiam et 



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APPENDIX V. 917 

unitatem concedat, Regem nostrum coDservet, pacem regno ani* 
verso popaloqne Cliristiano largiatur, per Jesum Christum Domi- 
num nostrum. 

CHRIST CHUECH. 

Jnte Cibum, 
Nos miseri homines et egeni, pro cibis quos nobis ad corporis 
subsidium benigne es largitns, Tibi Deus omnipotens. Pater coe- 
lestis, gratias reverenter agimus ; simul qbsecrantes, ut iis sobrie, 
modeste atque grate utamur. Insuper petimus, ut cibum ange- 
lorum, verum panem coelestem, Verbum Dei eetemum, Dominum 
nostrum Jesum Christum, nobis impertiaris; utque Illo mens 
nostra pascatur, et per camem et sanguinem Ejus foveamur, ala. 
mnr, et corroboremur. Amen. 

Post Cibum. 
[The Bible Clerk reads from the Greek Test.] 
Omnipotens et misericors Deus, qui donis Tuis nos exsatiasti, 
efl&ce ut quicquid per nos fieri aut preetermitti velis, diligenter ob- 
servemus, mandata Tua universa prompto atque fideli obsequio 
obeuntes, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 
Antiph. Domine, salvam fac Reginam. 
Resp, £t ezaudi nos, quando invocamus Te. 

Deus in Cujus manu sunt corda regum ; Qui es hnmilium conso- 
lator, fidelium fortitudo, protector omnium in Te sperantium, da 
Regine nostrse Victorise populoque Christiano ut Te Regem 
regum, et dominantium Dominum, agnoscant semper et vene- 
rentur, et post banc vitam regni Tui setemi fiant participes ; per 
Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

Deus, a quo derivatur omnia monificentia et bonitas, debitas 
Tibi gratias agimus, quod felicis memorise Regem Henricum ejus 
nominis octavum, ad Ecclesiam banc fundandam animaveris; et 
rogamus pro sancta ^ Tua misericordia, ut cum nos hoc tanto bene- 
ficio adjuti, ad laudem Tui nominis profecerimus, una cum omni- 
bus qui jam in Domino dormierunt, beatam resurrectionem, et 
etemae felicitatia prsemia consequamur, per Jesum Christum Do« 
minum nostrum. Amen. 

a AL snmina. 

3^3 



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918 APPENDIX V. 

TRINITY COLLEGE. 

Benedictus sit Deus in donis sois : 
Qui sanctus est in omnibus operibus suis. 

Adjutorium nostnim est in nomine Domini : 
Qui fecit caelum et terram. 

Sit nomen Domini benedictum : 
Ut fitmc estf sic in secula seculorum, 

Oremus. 
Domine, salvam fac Victoriam reginam nostram : 
Et ejcaudi nos, cum invocamus Te, 

Domine Deus, resurrectio et vita credentiom, qui semper es 
laudandus cum in viventibus turn etiam in defunctis, ag^mus Tibi 
gratias pro Thoma Popb, Militi, Fandatore nostro, et £liza- 
BBTHA, consorte ejus, defunctis, ceterisque BenefiEustoribas nostris, 
quorum beneficiis hie ad pietatem et ad studia Literarum alimor-* 
rogantes ut nos, his donis ad Tuam gloriam recte utentes, onm 
cum illis ad resurrectionis gloriam immortalem perducamur, per 
Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

ST. JOHNS COLLEGE. 

Before Meat, 

^nedic, Domine, nos, et heec Tua dona quae de Tua largitate 
sumpturi sumus. 

Pftter noster qui es in coelis^ sanctificetur nomen Tuum ; adveniat 
regnum Tuum, fiat voluntas Tua, sicut in coelo, sic etiam in terra ; 
panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et remitte nobis 
debita nostra, sicut et nos remittimus debitoribus nostris ; et ne 
nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo ; quia Tuum est 
regnum, potentia, et gloria, in ssecula sseculorum. Amen. 

After Meat. 
Agio^us Tibi gratias, omnipotens et sempiteme Deus, pro his et 
universis beneficiis : dignare, Domine, misereri nostrum, et manere 



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APPENDIX V. 919 

Bemper nobiscum, at aoxillo Spiritus Sancti, mandatis Tuis sedolo 
obsequamur^ per Jesum Chrietam Dominam nostrum. Amen. 

Agimus tibi gratias, omnipotens et sempiterne Dens, pro 
Thoma White, milite, et Fundatore nostro defuncto, ac Avicia 
et Joanna uxoribos ejus, quorum beneficiis bic ad pietatem et 
ad stndia literarum alimur^ rogantes, ut nos, his donis ad Tuam 
gloriam rect^ utentes, una cum illis ad resurrectionis gloriam 
immortalem perducamnr, per Christum Dominum nostrum. 
Amen, 

Benedicamus Domino. 

Deo gratias, 

JESUS COLLEGE. 

Precatio ante cibum sumendum. 

Nos miseri et egentes homines pro cibo, quem ad alimoniam 
corporis sanctiBcatnm nobis es largitus, ut eo utamur grati Tibi 
Deus omnipotens. Pater cselestis,' gratias reverenter agimus; 
simul obsecrantes ut cibum angelorum, verum panem cselestem^ 
Verbum Dei eternum, Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum nobis 
impertiaris ; ut Ulo mens nostra pascatur et per camem et san- 
gtiinem Ejus foyeamur, alamur et corroboremur. Amen. 

Post cibum Precatio. 

Quandoquidem nos^ Domine, donis Tuis, omnipotens et mise- 
ricors Deus, exsatiasti, effice ut posthac quid per nos fieri aut secus 
velis diligenter observemus, atque illud animo sincero effectum 
praestemus, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 
Vers, Domine salvum fac Regem. 
Resp, £t exaudi nos in die qui invocaverimus Te. 

Deus, in cujus manu sunt corda regum, qui es humilium con- 
solator et fidelium fortitudo et protector omnium in Te spe- 
rantium, da Regi nostro Jacobo populoque Christiano triumphum 
virtutis Tuae scienter *excolere ut per Te semper reparentur ad 
gloriam, per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 

• Golere u printed by the Unirenitf Commimonen from s yerj incor- 
ract tmisoript (Addit MS8. 6044) in the British Museiim. 

3^*4 



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920 APPENDIX V. 

WADHAM COLLEGE. 

Cler. Benedictus sit Dens in donis suis : 

Regp. Sanctas in omnibus operibus euis. 

Cler. Adjutoriaro nostrum in nomine Domini : 

Resp. Qui fecit coelum et terras. 

Cler. Sit nomen Dei benedictum : 

Reap. £Ix hoc usque in secula seculorum. 

Cler, Domine, fsc salvam Victoriam Reginam. . 

Resp, Exaudi nos cum invocemus Te. 

Cler, Domine Deus, vita et resurrectio credentium.'qui semper 
es laudundus, tum in viventibus tum in defunctis, agimus Ubi 
gratias pro Nicolao Wadhamo armigjero et pro Dorothea nzore 
ejus, Fundatoribus nostris defunctis, aliisque Benefactoribus nos- 
tris, quorum beneficiis hie ad pietatem et studium literanim ali- 
mur ; rogantes ut nos, his Tuis donis recte utentes, una cum illis 
ad resurrectionem gloriae perducamur ; per Jesum Christum 
Dominum nostrum. 

PEMBROKE COLLEGE. 

Agimus Tibi g^tias, Deua misericors, pro acceptis a bonitate 
Tua beneficiis ; enixe comprecantes ut serenissimam noatram 
Reginam Victoriam, totam regiam familiam, populumque tuum 
universum, tuta in pace semper custodias. 

WORCESTER COLLEGE. 

Ante Cibum. 
Nos miseri homines et egeni, pro cibis quos nobis ad corporis 
subsidium benigne es largitus, Tibi Deus omnipotens. Pater 
cselestis, gratias reverenter agimus ; simul obsecrantes, ut iis 
sobrie, modeste, atque grate utamur. Insuper petimus, ut cibum 
angelorum, verum panem cselestem, Verbum Dei setemum, Do- 
minum nostrum Jesum Christum, nobis impertiaris : utque Illo 
mens nostra pascatur, et per camem et sanguinem Ejus fove- 
amur, alamur, et corroboremur. Amen. 

Post Cibum. 
Omnipotens et misericors Deus, qui donis Tuis nos ezsatiasti, 
effice ut quicquid per nos fieri aut prsetermitti velis, diligenter 
observemus, mandata Tua univerta prompto atque fideli obaequio 
obeuntes, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen. 



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APPENDIX VI. 921 

Ant^h, Domine, salyam fac Reginam. 

Resp, £t exaudi nos quando inyocamus Te. 

AgimusTibi gratias^ omnipotens et sempiterne Dens, pro Thom a 
CooKBSio, baronetto, Fundatore nostro, cnjus beneficio hie ad 
pietatem, studiumqae literarum alimur: eimtil rogantes ut, bis 
donts adTuam gloriam recte atentes, una cum eo ad resurrectionia 
gloriam immortalem perdacamur, per Jesum Christam Dominum 
nostratQ. Amen. 

No. VL See p. 263. 

[From the original in the author's own hand, Cowley's Poems, folio, 
Lond. 1656. Bodl. C. 3. 3i. Art.] 

Ltter BibliatheecB BodleiatKB, ex dono Viri et Po^ta cptinUy 
D. Ahrahami Cowley, authoris ; qui pro sinffulari sua in 
Bodleium^ Musasque benevolentia, Oden MS. insequentem^ 
Pindari foblAdier imiiatricem composuit^ et manu propria 
eaaratam apposuit VI. Calend. Jul. CIO lOC LVI^. 

PINDAKlQUE ODE. 

THE BOOK 

Humbly presenting it selfe to the Vniversitie Librarie at Oxford. 

1. 
Hail, Learnings Pantheon ! Hail, the sacred Ark, 
Where all y« World of Science does embark ! 
W<^ ever shalt w^^stand, and hast soe long withstood 

Insatiat Times devowring Flood ! 
Hafl, Tree of Knowledge ! thy Leaves Fruit ! w<* well 
Dost in y« midst of Paradise arise, 

Oxford y« Muses Paradise ! 
From wch may never Sword the Blest expeU.' 
Hail, Bank of all past Ages, where they lie 
T* enrich w*** Interest Posteritie ! 

Hail, Wits illustrious Galaxie, 
Where thowsand Lights into one Brightnes spread, 
Hail, Living Vniversitie of the Dead ! 

* This inscription written by bishop Burlow. 



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922 APPENDIX VI. 

2. 

VnconfQs^ Babel of all TouDgs, w* *» ere 

The mighty Linguist Fame, or Time, the mighty Traveller, 

That could Speak, or this could Hear ! 
Maiestique Monument, and Pyramide, 
Where still the Shapes of parted Soules abide 
Eknbalmed in Verse ! exalted Soules, v/^ now. 
Enjoy those Arts they woo'd soe well below ! 
Wc** now all wonders printed plainly see 

That have bin, are, or are to bee, 

In the mysterious Librarie, 
The Beatifique Bodley of the Deitie ! 

3- 
Will yee into your sacred throng admit 

The meanest British Wit ? 
Yee Generall Councell of the Priests of Fame, 

Will yee not murmur, and disdain 

That I a place amoungst.yee claime 

The humblest Deacon of her train ? 
WiU yee allow mee th* honourable Chain ? 

The Chain of Ornament, wc^ here 

Your noble Prisoners proudly wear ? 
A Chain w^^^ will more pleasant seem to mee. 
Then all my own Pindarique Libertie. 
Will yee tb bind mee with theise mighty names submit 

Like an Apocrypha wth Holy Writ ? 
What ever happy Book is chained here, 
Noe other place or people needs to fear. 
His Chaine*s a Pasport to goe everywhere. 

As when a seat in Heaven 

Is to an vnmalitious Sinner given, 

Who casting round his wondring Eye 

Does none but Patriarchs and Apostles there espie. 
Martyrs who did their Lives bestow. 
And Saints who Martyrs lived below, 

W'l» trembling and amazement hee begins 

To recollect his frailties past and sins. 



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APPENDIX VI. 923 

Hee doubts almost his Station there. 
His Soole says to it selfe. How came I here ? 

It fares noe otherwise w^ mee 
When I myselfe w^^ conscious wonder see 
Amidst this Purified Elected Companie, 

W^b hardship they and pain. 

Did to this happines attain. 
Noe labours I or merits can pretend ; 
I think, Prsedestination onely was my Freind. 

5- 
Ah y* my Author had bin tyed, like Mee, 
To such a Place and such a Companie, 
Instead of severall Countries, severall Men, 

And Busines, wc*» y« Muses hate ! 
Hee might have then improu^d y^ small Estate 
Wc*» Nature sparingly did to him give ; 

Hee might perhaps have thriven then. 
And setled vpon mee, his Child, somewhat to Live, 
Thad happier bin for Him, as well as Mee 

For when all, alas, is donne, 
Wee Books, I mean, you Books will prove to bee 
The best and noblest Conversation. 

For though some Errors will get in. 

Like Tinctures of Original Sin, 

Yet sure wee from our Father's Wit 

Draw all y« Strength and Spirits of it. 
Leaving y« grosser parts for Conversation, 
As the best Blood of Man's employ 'd on Generation. 

No. VII. See p. 267. 

Letter to Mrs. Barnes on the death of her husbcmd. 

Madam, 
I am very sorry to hear of the death of Mr. Barnes, who was 
an extraordinary person. As no body had a greater value for 
him while living than myself, so no one shall retain a greater 
veneration for his memory. And this not only for his own sake, 
but, in good measure, for your's, madam, who was pleased to 
joyn yourself with this exceUent man, and to assist him in what- 



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924 APPENDIX VII. 

ever was necessary for the carryiDg on his most learned and tise- 
fiill labours. Had it not been for this unexpected assistance, he 
must have been reduced to great extremity, and the world would 
have been deprived of the benefit of many of his writings, par- 
ticularly of his admirable edition of Homer. I take opportunity, 
madam, of returning you my thanks for whatever you did for 
him ; and, at the same time, I make you my sincere acknow- 
ledgments for those expressions of kindness which you shew 
to me. 

Dr. Hudson never told me one word of Mr. Barnes's design of 
making me a present of ten guineas, otherwise I should have 
returned my thanks to my good friend immediately. But, upon 
my consulting him since the receipt of your letter, he produced 
a letter of Mr. Barnes's, written in March last, in which mention 
is made of this present. I am very sorry my friend should die 
without receiving my acknowledgments for it ; but you see upon 
whom the blame is to rest, and I hope you will excuse me. I 
have not deserved any such present, yet I very humbly accept it, 
and shall always esteem it as a true token both of Mr. Barnes's 
and of your friendship to me, and I shall be glad of any oppor- 
tunity of doing either yourself, or any of your friends, some real 
service. I have talked with Dr. Hudson about the Homers : he 
said he would write to you himself about that matter : I hope all 
things will be adjusted fairly ; but for my part, I neither knew at 
first what number Mr. Barnes sent to the Dr., nor do I know 
what number are left, or how any have been disposed of. I was 
always of opinion that none ought to be sold under subscription 
price ; and 'tis my opinion at present. The price should be rather 
inhanced than lessened. Justice to the subscribers commands 
this, as well as the excellency of the book. I should be very 
glad to look over any of Mr. Barnes's papers ; and if any should 
fall into my hands, I would take care to preserve them faithfoDy 
and honestly. I writ several letters to him, most about matters 
of learning. If he did not bum them, I shall desire that they 
may be either restored to me, or at least, that they may not be 
exposed, but either destroyed, (as they deserve,) or else (when 
you have done with them) lodged in the hands of some person 
who may be trusted with the greatest secret. I do not doubt 
but you will act cautiously in this afiair, which I leave intirely 



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.APPENDIX VIII. 925 

to your own pradenoe and discretion. Great care oug^t also to 
be observed in not letting Mr. Barnes's other papers fall into any 
hands but where they will certainly be imployed most to his 
honour and credit I again return my thanks for aD your favours, 
and if ever I come to Cambridge, or into any parts of that country, 
you may be sure I will pay my acknowledgments in person. In 
the mean time I am^ 

with the utmost esteem, 
.honoured madam, 

your ever oblig'd humble servt. 
Oxon.Aug.14.1712. THO. HEARNE. 

As for the present, I suppose Dr. Hudson (who it may be had 
forgot to tell me of it in Mr. Barnes's lifetime) will pay it when 
he receives your orders. I desire very much to know Mr. Barnes's 
age, and when, and where he was buried. 

No. VIII. See p. 298. 
List of Books by B. B. 

The foUowing catalogue will afford some notion of the sort of 
cheap literature sought by, and given to, the English public at the 
dose of the seventeenth and beginning of the eighteenth century. 
When I originally proposed to give this list, Lowndes's very use- 
ful " Bibliographical Dictionary" had not appeared, or I should 
have hesitated at making such an attempt Still it is hoped that 
it will be found correct Most of those volumes Recorded with 
dates have been personally inspected; all rest upon authority 
which, at the time, I bad no reason to call in question. 

Although I have originally termed them '' twelve-penny" com- 
pilations, I find by the advertisements that some were in the first 
instance published as high as d«. 6c/. 

I. England's Monarcbs. 1685, 1691, 1694, 1702. 

3. History of the House of Orange. 1693. 

3. History of the two Ute kings, Charles a and James 2. 1693. 

4. History of Oliver Cromwell. 1692, 1698, 1706, 17 15. 1728. 

5. Wars in England, Scotland and Ireland. 1681, 1683, 1684 
5th edit, very much enlarged. 1706, 1737. 



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926 APPENDIX VIII. 

6. Historical Remarks and Observations of London and West- 
minster. 1681,1684, 1691, 1703, 1705, 1730. 

7. Admirable Cariosities, Rarities and Wonders in England, 
Scotland and Ireland, &c. i68t, 1682, 1684, 1685, 1697, 1718, 

. «7*8. 

8. History of Scotland. 1 1685. Dublin, 1746. 

9. History of Ireland. J 1685, 1692, 1693, Dublin. 1746. 

10. History of Wales. 1695, 1730. 

1 1 . Unfortunate Court Favourites. 1 695, 1 706, 1 729. 

12. English empire in America. 1685^ 1698, 171 1, 1728, 1735, 

1739- 

13. En^sh Acquisitions in Guinea and the East Indies. 1686, 

1719, 1726, 1728. 

14. English Hero; or sir Francis Drak^ revived. 1687, 1695, 
1719, 1729, 1739, 1756. 

ij. Two Journeys to Jerusalem. 1683, 1685, 1692, 1695, 
1699, 1730, 1738, 1759. 

16. Extraordinary Adventures, Revolutions and Events. 1682, 
1704,1728. 

17. History of the nine Worthies of the World. 1687, 1695, 

1703* i7'3. 1727. 1738. 

1 8. Female Excellency, or the Ladies Glory. 1 688, 1 701 , 1 7 28. 

19. Wonderful Prodigies of Judgment and Mercy. 1 68 r , 1 682, 
1685, 1699, 1707, Edinb. 1762. 

20. Unparalleled Varieties. 1683, 1693, 1697, 1699. 

21. The Kingdom of Darkness. 1688. 

22. Surprizing Miracles of Nature and Art>, 1683^ 1685, 1699. 

23. General History of Earthquakes. 1694, 1734, 1736. 

24. Memorable Accidents and unheard of Transactions. 1693, 

1733- 

25. Martyrs in Flames ; or Hist, of Popery. 1695, 1700, 1713, 
1729. 

f I suspect that Croudi derived his adopted Initials and his design from a 
rare little volume printed in 1678, and entitled Mii^tdes of Art and Nature, 
or a Brief Description of the serend Tarieties of Birds, Beasts, Fidies, Plants 
and Fruits of other Countreys. Together with several other remarkable things 
m the world. By R. B. gent. London, Printed for William Bowtel at the 
sign of the Golden Key near Mitre Court in Fleet-street, 1678. lamo. pp. io, 
title and preface, pp. (6.) 



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APPENDIX Vni. 927 

a6. Delights for the Ingenious. 1684, 1732. 

27. Winter Evening Entertainments. 1687,1737. 

28. Esop's Fables in Prose and Verse. 2 parts, 1712. 

29. The Vanity of the Life of Man. 1688, 1708. 

30. Strange and Prodigious Religious Customs. 1683. 

31. Delightful Fables, 1691. 

32. Choice Emblems Divine and Moral z. 1684,1732. 

33. History of the Lives of those famous Divines who pro- 
moted the Reformation. 1 709, 1 746. 

34. Unhappy Princesses, containing the Secret History of 
Queens Ann Bullen and Lady Jane Grey. 1710, 1733. 

35. Apprentices Companion. 1681. 

36. Adagia Scotica ; or a Collection of Scotch Proverbs and 
Proverbial Phrases. Collected by R. B. 1668 ». 

37. The Young Man's Calling; or the whole Duty of Youth^. 
1685, 1695, 1725. 

38. Monthly Preparations for the Holy Communion, by R.B. 
To which is added suitable Meditations before, in, and after 
Receiving. With divine Hymns, in common Tunes ; Fitted for 
Publick Congregations, or private Families. The second Edition 
corrected. London : Printed by Tho. Bunce for Tho. Parkhurst, 
&c. 1706. The prefEU^ dated Feb. 3, i69f. and signed Matthew 
Sylvester. 

39. Youth's divine Pastime. Two parts. 1737. 

40. Lives of the Kings of France. 1693. 

41. Divine Banquet. 1707. 

42 . History of Virginia. 1722. 

43. Triumphs of Love, containing fifteen histories. 1730. 

44. Ingenious Riddles. 
4j. English Heroine. 

t The Bsme I think with No. 16. 

*■ I cannot fiincy this one of Crouch's compilations. 

* Adv. in t6S$ and 1686 with 12 cnrions pictures. Not by R. B. I have 
seen an edit. Lond. for Nat. Crouch, 1685. The address to the reader is 
signed 8. C. It is much on a par with Burton's books, but in some respects 
more curious, for there are portraits of prince Henry and lord Harrington, 
and a very fiur abridged account of their lives, and those of Elizabeth, Ed- 
ward the Vlth, and lady Jane Grey. 



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928 APPENDIX IX. 

46. History of the Holy Lives and Deaths of severe] young' 
persons. 

47. Kingdom of Darkness. 

48. History of Flowers, Plants, &c. of the Holy Land. 

H. Rhodes, next door to the Swan Tavern near Bride Lane in 
Fleet-street^ was a rival of Crouch's. I have seen some of his 
little hooks greatly resembling R. B., particularly the History of 
Monasticall Conventions and Military Institutions. 1686. 

No. IX. See p. 300. 

The Surfeit To A. B. C. Lmdon, printed for Edw. 
Dod at the Onn in Ivy-lane. 1656. 

There are two copies of this extraordinary little volume 
in the Bodleian, one among bishop Barlow's books : one 
in Mr. Malone's collection, which thski gentleman bought^ 
with two other tracts, at Mr. Brand's sale in 1807 (^' at the 
high price of 4. 7. 0."), Mr. Brand having procured it at 
Dr. Fanner's in 1797, paying for it at that time 2. 2. 0. 
Speaking of T?ie Surfeit, Malone says, " This piece, as Dr. 
Farmer (to whom this book formerly belonged) justly ob- 
served in a manuscript note, which by the carelessness of 
the binder was lost when the book was bound, contains 
some curious particulars concerning old English literature. 
It was written, I believe, by Dr. Philip King, a younger 
son of Dr. John King, bp. of London, and brother of Dr. 
Henry King, bp. of Chichester. He was buried March 4, 
1666-7, at Langley in Bucks. A. Wood, Ath. Oxon. 2, 
432, says that ^* they were thought, when the poems of 
Dr. Henry King were first published, to be written by 
Philip, and were entered as such, under his name in the 
Bodleian catalogue.'^ 

§. I. 
Apollo was a gentleman rather then a physician, and yet both : 
I apply to you for counsell in tny malady, as a classical compeere 
with Hermes and Asclepius. A whole antumne of hvpocon- 



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APPENDIX IX. 929 

dtaical paBsions and symptomes are ftdlen upon me^ which is a 
melaDcholy disease, and must be handled gently with prepara- 
tives; for 'the hnmour is sturdy, and violence will rent and 
destroy all the fabrick. The cause proceeds from a surfeit : of 
reading men and books. 

I have read over your Ovid's Metamorphosis ; at first view I 
took it to be a hei^ of sand without cement, all independent ; 
but upon the review, I take it to be the best piece of a school 
boy that hath well laboured fuid beaten out only, two theams. 
The first. Ante obitum nano — which takes up the whole first, half 
paft of the infelicity of Agenors Progenie. The latter part, — Ni- 
hil est toto quodperstet in orbe. Where the mutations and vicis* 
situde of things are summarily enumerate. 

I have lately read Balzac, where I have been set upon the rack 
and torture, expecting some high conceit, and never more de- 
lighted, then when I most failed, admiring with others what I 
least understood. His letters to the cardinall and bishop seems 
to be a piece of Davids Psalmes conferd upon man for the most 
excellent piece ; to be a courtier, is to be something prophane. 
His love letters to Clorinda sound as if they were translated out 
of some old ballads, only leaving out the counterpit |day, the 
ging of rime. I do passionately disafifect that trite obsolete 
valedure ; your most humble, your tres hutoble and affectionate 
servant, it seems like the overwome statute lace of your groome 
or footman, and best befits them. In all his letters like lipsius, 
or sir Henry Wotton, ever gprumbling and complaining of his 
invalitude. 

I have read over Heywoods Commentaries upon Merlins, or 
rather his own prophesies, until Hen. 2. dayes, speaking of 
Rosamond ; so far good and true out of the copies of Jeffery of 
Monmouth and Alanus de Insulis expositions ; all the following 
is false and faigned, yet a good poet, but no prophet. And what- 
soever is cited by our late prognosticks as pretended from Merlin, 
is forged and supposititious, making newprophesies to fancie their 
desires, or sound to the present times and histories. 

I, wearied with reading books, began to study men. I made 
a survay of all the gentlemens houses, and without a pack of 
cards last Christmas plaid alone. I see oue a general good house- 

So 



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930 APPENDIX IX. 

keepor lor i^ very age, he keeps hoqntalitj, payee his eerrants 
wages quarterly : But what's the catastrophe ? He dies, his 
servaots have spent their wages for their masters honour, and 
their own reputation ; when they be dissolved* an halntual idle- 
ness brings povertie, miserie. An other runns in debt unto his 
servants ; but at the cloee weakens, almost mines his own estate ; 
here are objects of piety ; pitie I can not, I am not yet so weak. 
An other out of an ample soul, and unbodnded hberal disposition, 
flies into high exorbitances, vast expenses, but fore*seeing the 
future inconvenience breaks off suddenly ; and this is least to be 
lamented, for you shall only find some pantomines and parasites 
diahevel'd, and in short time^all redintegrated. 

And who gets the advantage ? the country feomer will tell you, 
these great house-keepers bring all the beggars in a region to his 
parts, and never a one of these beggars, but expect from us some 
almes, with continual clamours at our doores. Your private 
gentleman finds the price of provision raised to a third part, and 
therein suffers. And for my part, I am as afraid to lie in a great 
gentlemans house as in an inn, besides the abatement of my 
content, for I had rather be observed, then observe the will of 
an other. 

If I look upon the connthe man, he's no other to me then one 
that's borne some thousand leagues out of Christendome, or 
rather men moving like trees : and if I breath a gentle gale of a 
good morrow, they will move and bend with a soft murmur. If 
I tread upon a doggs taile by chance, he will tume back and 
bite. 

In these lumpish passions I have some pleasing intervals, I 
can both laagh and sleepe. I take a merry book into my hand, 
say it be that Mortuum Caput, old Aristotle his Orgcmon in the 
bare Latine text Oh ! how I can chink at his pretty conceits ; 
the burden of all his merry catches is, Necessarium enim est. I 
have an other better remidie to my malady ; I take a piece of 
, that Asiaticke redundance under mine elbow, Galen de tempera^' 
mentis or his Cammentmy upon Hippocrates, lie undertake he is 
so tedious, that before you have read one page and perfectly 
understand it, you shall fall asleep. 

For bishop Andrews and Dr. Donne, I could never conceive 



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APPENDIX IX. 931 

better of them, then as a voluntarie before a lesson to the lutei 
which is absolutely the best pleasing to the eare; but after 
finished absolutely forgotten, nothing to be remembred or re* 
peated. 

I have lately made an essay to beat out a theme tending to 
Papisme from the primitive fathers, although I am no Romanist ; 
the same on the contrary for the Protestant. I faithfully searched 
and copied out with mine own eyes and hands the proofes from 
the authors themselves. But the terme of mine intention was 
this ; Fme thoroughly perswaded that none of the first 600 cen* 
turists knew either Plapist or Protestant, as questions not at all 
questioned at those times. And therefore I will neither appeal 
to them as judges or advocates or witnesses t but like unto pigeon 
feathers of which the opticks write, the causes of the variegations 
and (tiversity of lustres proceeds from the contrary lights, or 
lookings through mediums diversly tincted : diversity of educa- * 
tion, and discrepancie of the first principles instilled into each 
man begets a pertinacy in paradoxes ; in these controversies, the 
disputant and latter writers wrest the fiathers to their own appe- 
tite, making them like a bell to sound as they please to interpret, 
or like the indented January tablets which represents two several 
figures at several stations, like changeable tafifeties or marmoles 
in a decaying fire, every one phansies his own phantasms. 

Bless me, and far be it from me to derogate from the sanctity 

integrity and purity of the ancient fathers, but that reading of 

them does conduce to knowledge and holiness ; only I averr that 

in our quarrels in religion they were neither sticklers or seconds. 

Sir, a little slumber beginneth to sei^ upon me, and so I 

take leave until I awake 

your most observant 

P. K. 

♦.2. 
History — the reading of the Jews and Romans is superlative 
for admiration : and what is to be wondred at in all these except 
two, one David, and one Augustus ? The country of Judea a 
small canton, some threescore miles over, and sixscore long, an 
other Yorkeshire. And for their kings they walked all in the sins 

8o2 



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932 APPENDIX IX. 

of their fathers, and he did evil in the sight of the Lord, walking 
in the way of his father : and I know not how many times re- 
peated in walking in the way of Jerohoam : for he walked all the 
waies of Jerohoam. The reading of these kings breeds danger; 
for they are for the most part writ historically, not exemplarily 
for imitation. I writ not this to derogate from the power and 
glory of our Saviour ; for the first page of St. Matthews gospel 
is sufficient for me to give belief to his descent from Davids and 
to believe the ten ancestors of Joseph supplied by St. Matthew, 
rather then if I had them from the Old Testament : or rather 
upon even terms Saint Luke that hath nothing from the Old 
Testament untill he come to Nathan the sonne of David* except 
Salathiel and Zorobabel. From the cratch to the crosse all our 
Saviours proceedings argued his humility ; and therefore no 
marvell if he was bom in so base degeneroos a nation. 

For the Romans ! what people more base, more subdued and 
enslaved ! The first ten or twelve emperours slain by one another. 
The other following all strangers ; so that they have been subject, 
I say subdued* by all the barbarous nations of the world. Trajan 
a Spaniard^ Antonie Pius a Franck, Pertinaz of base ignoble 
progenie, Severus an Afincan, that gpreat enemy and emulous 
compeer to the Roman empire ; Heliogabalus an Assyrian, iEmi- 
lian a Mauritane, Probus a Dalmatian, Alaricus the Goth sacked 
Rome. And at present they will rather suffer the German, the 
Spaniard, the French, then a native Italian prince. 

Let us examine the authours ; Livie with Holinshed and Stow 
I compare : Livie fild up with the names of consuls and officers ; 
and the other with lord maiors feasts and sheriffs of London. 
Let Lipsius summe up his syllable, and td you of his Polybins, 
Herodotus, Xenophon, his master Tacitus, and others, and give 
you his encomiums and criticisms : as if all the erudition of the 
world was confined to that former age : you shall finde as high 
polities^ as gallant elegant polite phrase^ as ever IJvie, or Sueton, 
or any of the ancient writ, if you peruse Mariana for the Spanish 
history. Hosiers for the French, Cambden and Polidore for the 
English, Buchanan for the Scot ; of all I commend an obscure 
man, E^atius, a sweet compendium of the empire, with a right 
elegit Livian phrase. 



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APPENDIX IX. 9S3 

V The abbot of Uxsperge I belieye to his age (1 mean in his 
tune) writ an elaborate and right elegant stile, though now it 
seems barbarous. The same I say of Mathew of Westminster, 
Henry of Huntington, Paris the French herald, Hector Boetius, 
and Mariana the Scot, with the rest of their age. My reason, 
being now translated into our modem languages, they make 
perfect language, which in their daies was dissonant to ours : my 
conclusion, by how much they differed from the common idiome 
at those daies, they seemed so much the more polite, terse, and 
gallant. 

Baronius and his contractor Spondanus for ecclesiastical history 
are plain handsome gt>od Ijatine : but Functius and our renowned 
Mountague, the light and honour of our nation and age, upon 
the same subject writ with more grace, magnificence and ele- 
gancy. Where I note unto you that Mountague to my knowledge 
had been as voluminous as any (whose pieces I belieye' are extant 
still in manuscripts) did not the disingenuous parsimony of our 
Eng^sh people hinder the glory of our nation in disbursing for 
the press. 

Hie Elzevirian edition in small manuals of all the kingdomes 
and commonwealths to the number of about forty; these are 
choice pieces selected from all the best authors : but I can not 
tell how the authors will take it, to be thus shuffled, and cut, 
mutilated, dismembred, and mangled, and thus hashed and made 
into an olla-podrina, I know not how (if living) they would 
relish it. 

Speedi Chronicle is incomparable for good ; a party*coloured 
cento ( Ausonius never writ so good), consardnated from the only 
wits of those dayes ; for the compiler was taken from a manual 
trade ; amongst the rest the life of Hen. was written by 

doctor Barkham, in opposition or rather to suppresse the same 
life written by one Mr. Boulton a Roman catholick, who did too 
much favour the haughty carriage of Thomas of Becket ; poor 
Mr. Draper had a principal hand in composing and collecting all 
together. 

But I have read and run over for use all domesticke and ex* 
otick authors ; I have composed a piece, a worke I dare call it, 
and greater then all envy own it, if the adstipulation of sir John 

8o3 



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984 APPENDIX IX. 

Beaumoot the fiather, Mr. Camden and Mr. Selden will take 
place. 

The contents a genealogy to the protoplast Adam, continoed 
without any intermisaion, for the moat part above twenty lines, 
at the least with seven or six, digested chronologically by cen. 
taries, to decline deceit with the generation and lives of all the 
emperors, kings and princes of the universal world* inoculated 
into my greater stemm, provided, if any history have made men- 
tion of them. This I have writ in Latine called EMgenU. But 

miserable catastrophe ! aU this was written for the honour of 
the late king Charles : and since he hath lost his life and king- 
domes, I must lose my labours. And my dcare child (for so I 
call it) begot in the vigour of my vuility, which I ever hoped 
should have been transanimated into an amaraiUhus, shall now 

1 fear be metamorphosed to the lading flowre cald filiui nU 
patrem. 

Adieu history. 

§.3. 
Languages — English I speak, Latine I write. In the Hebrew 
and Greek, I can beat out a theme and a root; Spanish and 
Italian I understand ; and what must I doe with these languages I 
for the former, if I were a publique professor with an annual and 
life terminal pension, I could chop and change many readings, 
and perhaps add amongst a thousand some new criticisme. For 
the latter provincial languages ! will you have me a translator ? 
a thing less then my selfe, and an ingenuous Ekiglish soul to be 
a sectarie to any forraigne, nation; and privately to make use^ 
and assume as mine own invention any of their writings. I 
scorn to be a Mango or a Plagiarie. The French language I am 
wilfully ignorant of, my reason reserved. Take thb excursion, 
the Latine within it self is a very empty and hungry lang^uage, 
borrowes aU his words both of arts and offices from the Greek* 
Great Tiberius might have sav'd its complement of asking leave 
when he named the words Monopoly, and an Emblerae : he might 
needs have long and tedious circumquaques to expresse them, 
which after so many yeers are not yet invented. I ! the Latinea 
are so ignorant, that they knew neither God, father nor mother : 



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APPENDIX IX. 935 

and fio uncivilized, that they knew not what a pair of gloves was 
nntil they had them from the Greeks. And what beggarly, rude 
barbarona simamea they have for their gentry; Fabius Piso, 
Scipio, Caligula, Asinins, Goodman Bean, and Pease, Mr. Cud- 
gell. Gaffer small-breeks, Goodman Ass. And moreover take 
notice, it seemes the Venetian was bound for the repayment to 
the Gred^e. For the grand^seignior, and the Greeks altogether 
use in their terms of war and trade the Italian stampe. The 
Spaniards and we, I find, have no interchange of words either by 
commerce or conquest. I only find these two words common 
to both, nmcko and doumo, much and a docen. 

But, I speak to the whole world, I have a new repertion, the^ 
Universal Character. Neither will I rake into the great Scaligers 
ume ; his device required more then a Caesar to support it. I 
cast all up with a few counters ; the labour is already finished ; 
the learner, let him be but an ordinary abedarian in his own Ian. 
gfuage, may read and write within two hours space any missive 
letters. This I dare promise for ten languages, if not more : the 
China's have a way, so goes report, sure time and traffique had 
by this transported it, if either true or seasonable : my way I 
could expresse in lesse then a sheet of papen which if I should 
expose to the publique view, would seem no bigger then a ballad, 
which not being annexed to a greater volume, my name (which 
I have ever studied in an honest way to preserve, and to transmit 
to posterity) this naine would be lost in so small a trifle. 



Musick— I do not love that one of the seven liberal sciences, 
nay one of the four and none of the trivials, should be made 
a prostitute at every dore with a fidler. Vocal, when I was 
young, I knew, but drawn from it, because those convents begat 
good company, but bad husbandry. Instrumental and cathedral, 
I have ever been wilfully ignorant of, because I have dearly loved 
them, and if I had learnt them to a perfection, this satiety might 
have bred a nauseous distaet and surfeit, as in other things, and 
then I had had nothing to delight in. But, alas ! this conceit 
hath failed me, for now all ohurch-musick, my highest terrene 
content, is abandoned amongst us. 

Farewell delights. 
3o4 



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93r> APPENDIX IX. 

Because Aristotle and Cicero were wise in some things, must 
they be demi-gods in all ? perchance I can not be Aristotle if I 
would, and what if I could ? I would not. Thus writes Peter 
Ramus ; and what if I said as much of them, I ! and of Peter 
too? 

They talke of cathohck doctrines, which every one is bound to 
believe. I know no universals but these three. Two notional, 
that there is a God, and' number, one, two, three, ten, twenty, 
&c.» which hath the same accompt amongst all men in all nations. 
Numeri vna est et eadem apud omnes ubique getUutm ratio, Yoa 
may add to this a practical universe, your mummarium mmutumi^ 
your goldsmiths graine (not a barley come) whidi is one and 
same in all nations of the world inviolate, the same stamp, the 
same example conferd. 

The third universal is appetite; every perfect and imperfect 
living creature acquires sustenance to eate and drink. For exis- 
tential or sensual, I grant many, that there is a sun that shineth, 
that the fire heateth, &c., yet a blind man and the paralytick 
denies both. 

Some talk of the virtue of herbs, others of the influence and 
effect of stars, botanology and astrology : both vaine, both false, 
because man ip prone to become like God to divine and work 
miracles, are these toyes or rather pretty conceits thrust upon us. 
The merchant to vend his druggs deviseth large promises by 
wonders; and alwayes observe, his last invented carries the 
greatest name for miracle. Your herbarist to beget a love to the 
knowledge of plants (which indeed is commendable in it selfe,) 
but would perish, except upheld by the vain promises of cures. 
The event indeed, which is only by accident or imagination, hath 
sometimes confirmed the cure. We might spare an abundance 
Gi Mr. Johnsons and Mr. Parkinsons individual and accidental 
additions which are only Iwus luxunantis natura. 

Astronomy, a noble science of perpetuals, would be neglected. 
For I could know the day by the rising and setting of the sun, 
and noon by the bame door or church wall sufficient for use. 
But hope of divination by astrology does perfect it to every 
degree and moment. 1 am not ignorant in the tryall of both. 



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APPENDIX IX. 937 

and therefore speake with more confidence. Passion a me ! see 
where Mr. doctor comes pelting and chafing like his apothecary ? 
Gk>od Mr. doctor a word, we know your trade well enough ; all 
is bat fast and loose ; bole and jalap, or plantane and sparge will 
do all this. Or weele go a little forther and make yoar whole 
business addition and substraction, both which fasting and feast- 
ing will performe ; fasting with a little barley-water, and feastmg 
with your aromatical spices^ cinnamon, nutmegs and doves, was- 
sal powder, perhaps a little black ambar, which are your chiefest 
ingredients for cordials. But now reverend sir, to you that un- 
derstand without sarcasmes ; if you be master of methode, which 
requires long study, great judgement, a few things will suffice ; 
neither need ye that emperical trash of numerous simples. 

But above all in all, avoid, nay abhor the judgement of the 
stars ; it is abominable false, scandalous to in&my ; if you but 
once erect a ^gure for experience, you will hear that word con- 
jurer, a fowle staine, that all the earth of Owbume will not 
acowre out. 

Now comes in the foure elements, fire, aire, earth, water, tl^e 
principles of which man and all bodies are compounded. Malam ! 
a pox on*t there's no sach thing. If indeed I were to plant 
my selfSe and build a house, I would take special care of all these, 
wood and coal for fire, the best earth for come and meddow : 
£ure rivers or springs to have my water without charge ; and a 
good air for the health of my body. I would have my house not 
composed, but fitted with these elements : but to example these 
into the four complexions, and tell me of temperamenivm ad pom" 
iui et adjuMtiiiam, SfC,, chips chips, pigeon feathers, tricte apmm 
qmfqmluB. I have seen tall men and low, the bright hair and 
the black, all constitutions ; wise and foolish, valiant and coward, 
ish, sicke and healthful ; and he that tells me that fish in the sea 
have fire in their bellies, I had as lieve they told me the sea 
burnt But we must supply you with something in lieu of these ; 
what say you to virtus steUaru ? cast of£ your old obsolete words, 
occult quality, sympathy and antipathy, betake you to synente- 
bechy and idiosyncresy, these puzzle you, and make you little the 
wiser ; well, I will give you an accompt of them the next moone 
at our gossip scepticks house. But if you talk Greek, you will 



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938 APPENDIX IX. 

be discovered ; betake you to the Atlantis language for raiaons in 
nature. Say Iliaster Archtnu, that is the internal star, the tyderkm 
spirit, /o^ occultuSf and that this sperma primum or eiu iernims 
in a grain or wheat is the 8200 part proportio anatka. For 
minerals, you may rant it over thus ; concerning their generation, 
that they have the seeds of petrification, and sal in gorgon within 
themselves^ dilating the terrestrial residence by the hands of their 
own concretive spirit Then fall upon the rabbies fifty gates of 
intelligence and light And if you fall upon the extatique phansie 
of the opiocrigme, the theory of magmUisme and doctrine of efflux- 
ions, that this radical activity streames in semi-immaterial threda 
of atomes conducted by the mumial efflux, &c., wonder and 
amazement! Never Abrahamman or Parico spake purer lan- 
guage. 

An other talks of reason ; I acknowledge none, but that we 
are governed by sense. One wrjtes that the soul retired unto 
her selfe, into her selfe, and reflexed by the principles of her own 
divinity, sees every thing, &c. Toyes, vanities, how many thou- 
sand chymeraa, strange forms, phantomes, illusions, does the 
brain retired present, which presently are vanished, when the 
eyes doe open and ^x upon any known object : where is our fedth 
but in our eares ? faith comes by hearing : Ob. Yet a mad man 
hath his sense yet no reason ! Tis denyed, look upon his eyes ; 
they stare, they rowle, they are unfixt : place his eyes firme and 
you rectifie that which yon call reason. Children have feares 
and bugbears in the dark ; a candle does disperse them and rec- 
tifie their weak eyes. Mopsa and Philodea have the same or 
equal soulee, only distinguished by breeding or their organs of 
sense. I will accompt him a sublime rational, that can discribe 
his last nights dreame with all the scenes, variations, motions, 
figures, colours, transactions, transcursions : and him a true 
rational that can e# tempore speak non-sense; no man can do 
either that is master of his common sense ; but it is an otiier 
matter if any one will contradict me with his eyes shut, elausie 
quod dicitMT ocuUs nuUedicere. 

But I shall have such a skull of sophisters pelting At me with 
their at$ and ergoe, Aristotle and Keckerman hdo '6 aial radnmle. 
Good boyes be a little patient, I will rectifie your masters. Ixh 



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APPENDIX IX. 939 

gicon and logica are the derivatives of loffos; logos ia aertM aa 
well aa ratio, or Damber, so that you may define a man to be a 
living creature that can number, whereas no other creature can 
number except man. But rather ho9/u> est animal aratumak, man 
is a creature that can speak. We have no other definition of a 
dog» but that he is a four-footed beast that barks ; a cock that 
he is a feathered fowl that crowes ; a partridge jeukes &c. The 
Latines from the Greeks have a more ready expression for the 
inarticulate voice of every creature, and fitter for definition. 
CervMs glocitat, lepus vagit, lupus uhlat, vulpecula gamut, mm$ 
mintrat, perdix cacabat, accipiter pipat, milvus lipit, passer pipit, 
regulus zmsilulat, ^c. An other talks of seven planets ; amongst 
these Mercury ; I acknowledge none such, nay I deny him. I 
never saw him, though early and late I have vraited for him. 
Nay, no man ever saw him. Origanus and Argalus our only two 
ephemerists differ twelve degrees in their calculation, others 
seven ; when as in others they roisse not a second third or tenth. 
Now my merchant Mercury (Mercuricus dicitur d merdbus) is 
neVer 27 or 30 degrees from the sun ; and if he be within 15 he 
is combust and invisible ; by this consequence, when and where 
must I go seeke my stilbo ? And what a ridiculous thing is it, 
that Mercury never being above 27 degrees from the sun (called 
his maxima distantia) should ever appeare, when the moon a more 
glorious body, more diaphanous, and more capable of lustre, never 
appears untill the prime, which is about three dayes after her de- 
parture from the sun, and is neer or about ^6 degree. An.Dom. 
1652. Jan. 25, 26, 27, Venus and Mercury conjunct, all clear 
evenings, Venus most full of lustre ; no other star appearing 
neer her by ten yards in the eyes computation. Anno pradicto 
May 18 O n 8, ^ s i, no appearance of Mercury, their dis. 
tance 23 degrees. But then you will have me take one of the 
days out of the week, and marke Wednesday with a black coal« 
and brand aU antiquity with ignorance. No, we will find a sup-* 
ply, neither assume any thing to our own invention, but revive 
antiquity ; I have found out an other Mercury retired into his far 
reoesse. Your stella CrinUa, your blazing star, your comet, he 
bears the same office of secretary or herald to denounce war, 
never above 60 degrees from the sun, sometimes before, some- 



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940 APPENDIX IX. 

times after his master ; sometimes visible, more oft not appear- 
ing, yet alwayes in being. Read with me the part of Alhohazen 
par, 8. Ub. compL in Judic, ateUarwn m revoltUione cmmontm 
mundi, cap, 33./?. 94. Sdas etiam quod cum comet. SfC. Know 
also that when a comet shall appeare in the revolution of the 
yeer, or in any qoarter, or in any sign, the occasion will be ac- 
cording to the place of Mercury in that yeer : if he be oriental, 
it will be oriental ; if occidental, the comet will be occidental, 
and it will be removed when Mercury shall be combust : PtoL 
tract, a. c. 9. the star with a tayle is assimulate to Mars and 
Mercury in nature. 

An other spetioos presumption. Hermins amongst the ar- 
morists are derived of herma, squared stones which did resemble 
Mercury, or Hermes without a head to adorn sepulchres, so that 
every spot should stand, for a Herm« containing the images of 
ancestors: our biasing star or comet represents this Mercury 
with his flaming haire thus 

The Israelites knew this indicial Mercury in their passage 
through the wildemesse (£xod. 13.) when the Lord went before 
them in the night in a pillar of fire ; and the magi in the New 
Testament were guided by the same. These in memory or in 
semblance of the Mercurial statues, were fixt in all high wayes 
to point the several passages. 

Sir, still these are directed to you whose absolute dexterity 

and judgement is able either to create a new opinion in me or 

perfect our proceedings. I hope I shall take good rest ; till 

morning I humbly take leave. 

§.4. 
Upon a slumber a rough survay fell upon me» of the fashion of 
ages, and diversity of church governments : how sacred and su- 
perstitious the antients were in the number of their prayers, their 
Pater Noeters; how idolatrous we are become to the number 
seven in idolizing a sabbath, with two sermons and long con- 
ceived prayers. In q. Elizabeths time when religion was in her 
purity, even at very court a few lent sermons served the tume : 
but both these in their extremes may be moderated ; and if we 



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APPENDIX IX. 941 

did well consider the 6 of St. Matthew, we ought not to be 
fiattologistfl, and Polulogists, like the Gentiles thinking to be 
heard for their mach babbling : bnt this mine opinion (God 
reforme me if I thinke amiss) Oar Father, or rather the Lords 
prayer once repeated with a true submission to the ordinance and 
a mental energy, we shall have all things sufficient granted, for 
so the text promiseth, for the Father knoweth whereof ye have 
need before ye aake of him. And the particle otros is derived 
from the primitive avros quasi 6 alrrot, i.e. ipse; the adverb hoc, 
idem the same, not varied with a periphrase koc modo, and the 
Greeks will admit of such adverbs as the Latine do not, you may 
force one, ipsissimi. The Eucharist in the primitive church was 
celebrated with only repeating the Lords prayer. St. Luke hath 
Xr/cTf say, and no more. 

The numerous volumes of the primitive fathers (in this doubt 
in reverence I spare to name them) hut let it be Plutarch or 
Plinie, I much amaze at them ; all the sheep skins in a region 
will not make parchment for one fowle copy, 3000 at least. In 
so much that I believe, that posterity using the criticisms of 
comparing stiles when the phrase did symphonize, did bestow 
other mens writings to other authors classesses of most renown. 

I could name some in these our very dayes that have writt^i 
stiles masculine and sinewy ; their methode, matter and conceit, 
rich, pious, reserched : but I find upon every occasion, they are 
pressing into the press, and so become exhausted, grow enervate, 
flaccide, have not their pristine vigour and vivacity.' I'le pass 
them by, and only meddle with them whose ashes are covered in 
the Flaminian fields ; such in times past was Barnaby Rich the 
philologist with his motto malo me divitem esse, that boasted, this 
was the 36 book writ by the author. Or old Mr. Barnard of 
Odcomb the theologue, that upon every occasion of controversie 
offered in those dayes (which were many) would ever be sure to 
be bobbing into print. These were accompted in those days rare 
men, but now an act of oblivion hath passed upon all their works ; 
and what stile and authors the futm^ age will produce, and whe- 
ther they will be perpetuate, shall nothing trouble me. 

Bellarmine and our countriman Stapleton with some other 
schoolmen, I have read some part of them (though but little) or 



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942 APPENDIX IX. 

run over. Voluminoos men farced up with authorities, and 
fisitbers gathered to their hands, of which if they were devested, 
they would appear but poor naked sceletons. Let them lie aiside ; 
versing ^th Papists and pitch are alike. 

Knoxe the Scot (an argument drawn from the notation of the 
name) his discipline hath begot so many knocks that I absolutely* 
renounce them. 

The Attick archaeologist (full of reading, paines and learning) 
hath moulded up a piece of antiquity, extracted for the most part 
from the poets, Lycophron, Sophocles, Aristophanes, Euripides 
and the scholiasts, and obtrudes upon us these to be the general 
customes of the Athenians : as if one in future age should make 
all England in ages past to be a Bartholomew faire, because Ben. 
Johnson hath writ it. Or that the condition of all our EngUsh 
women may be drawn out of Shackespeers merry wifes of Wind- 
sor ; or the religion of the low-countrimen from Mr. Aminadab 
in the Alchymist : or from Massingers Mr. Greedy, a hungry 
justice of peace in Nottinghamshire : or Will-doe the parson of 
Gotham the condition of all the county. These may be api^yed 
to Rosinus and Goodwins Roman antiquities. 

Oh I my left side ! now f quarrel with mine old shooes anti- 
quities ; for why should I value them better then my new ones ? 
only they will serve to bum by the fire side, and save my shins, 
rather then walk abroad a la mode according to the times. 

For armory and algebra, I leave them to great men ; by the 
armes in a church window they may know the tenure of lands ; 
by algebra the value of their leases and monies. 

Hold me not vain glorious ; I speak it to my shame ; Ptolomies, 
Copernicus, Sconerus, q. Elizabeth's the prutenick tables, Tycho 
I have calculated by them all:. vain man that I am, I was not 
bom to that fortune to be a meer contemplative man ; and the 
period of these sciences is to make a ridiculous almanack, or cal- 
culate a nativity, fuU of paines, full of fklshood, docti errares^ 
mendacia deUciis plena, operosi hidi, and to the pmdent 

And for geometry and trigonometry how ravishing soever in 
the reading, I was not bom to so low a fortune as to lead the 
divel in a chain. 

The art of shadowes I know well, and have added new reper- 



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APPENDIX IX. 943 

ticms to find m polaritie by the sons my, to know the leM then a 
minate by a horizontal ; to take the altitude of the sun or stars 
exactly by a house end : simple man that I am (quoth Caxton) 
these are fit for none but m brother squire of the clock-house to 
attend Bow-bell. 

I have read some part of the translation de ovo^ and the gene- 
ration of animals ; exquisite bawdery ; the man is horrible obscene 
and scurrilous, yet with the lawes and rules of nature, bee is mad 
with reason, and maintaines Aretinisme in the abstract by the 
highest philosophy. Had they kept it lockt up in the Latine 
▼estery^ and none but the arch flamines of iEsculapius his temple 
to have entred into it, the piece had been incomparable. 

Your romances and gazettes are the only harmless useful read* 
ings; there is pleasure in the reading, and nothing to burden 
the memory after: for to speak the Archadias phrase, is an 
aflfectednesse distasted by all, and to relate a story from thence is 
ridiculous to the prudent; only you may say such is a pretty 
piece, and such a pretty passage. 

I could save you a great deal of labour in buying and reading 
your criticks or comments upon any authors, Servius, Beroaldus, 
Agellius, Varro, Vitruvius, Julius Pollux ; your civilians de rerum 
et verborum significatione, Vlpian, Terentius, Cicilius, Martianus 
and a loo more. You may find all these gathered together in a 
handful in Holyocks Dictionary. 

Oh! iTow the wind riseth and fumes into my head? your 
statute books, your lawes civil and common, you may lay them 
aside : for every quarter we have a repeal ; and why should I 
read them, when they will not serve for practice ? 

For your physitians and philosophers, I find them all to be 
but Friday mornings, and Sundayes yi the afternoon, nothing 
but repetitions and elutriations : only sometimes var3ring the 
methode ; and sometimes the phrase, and many times like pla- 
giaries stealing whole pages without commemmoration of his 
author. And it will anger a man that within less then an age 
Bergerdicius should shoulder out my old friend Keckerman, and 
Sennertus my dear Femelius, and my illuminate doctor Leonard ; 
what hopes of eternity shall our best authors have ? 



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944 APPENDIX IX. 

I compare Virgil and Silvester, aad write ttou absolotdy titt 
beat poets in their respective languages : Siiveater had aH ftom 
Dabartas ; Virgil from Homer ; if my aseerfion ikile, Macrobios 
will attest it : Homer from an Egyptian poet» and Babartas Amu 
an old Latine copy which I have seen, compcBed, aa Hiottgte, by 
some religious man in a riming hexameter. 

I far prefer Homers Vlysses before Bon Qnixote) aa the more 
exquisite piece of drollery : besides, the phrase in the bare Latine 
translation runs like a smooth bkmck' jambick with a mysticit 
concealed nmnber. 

There's an old school book lies by there, you may know it to 
be bound in a sheeps-skin by the mouldinesse, a neglected things; 
but take it up, perhaps it may be the pek of the golileii*4eece ; 
'tis Palingenius. If you aim at the height and pitch of hufloaiie 
learning, prefer him before Agrif^ia, Oeber de Ructiboa, LuIIIbs, 
Libanius or Hermes, to converse with angels, to altain to the 
philosophers stone, the universal medioiDe, the elixar; in his 
C(ipricorne and Pisces he excelk them all (so by rriation given 
me, and commended to me) but, good £dth I oodfass tiioagii I 
have read them over, I understand none of theou 

Sir, a little rest. And I beseech yon tot yoitr iak white 
hands be the milken way in this our lower sphere, wfaeneby 
these may pass to our lesser god& If yan present it to the 
illustrious and illuminate, . if they but east one lUy xd 

their splendor upon it, it may undoud all mine enveloped 
melancholy, and produce in me better thoughts* 

§. 5. 
Oh ! now, now comes the torture, now my allegorical head- 
piece is rent with Scotoms. A relapse of the Surfeit of men. 
I have exposed my selfe to all aorts and conversed with them ; 
the illiterate and proselite in humane letters onderstands me not ; 
the learned will have the same liberty to reject me^ or aspire to 
the same kind oi tyrannic to usurp over m^ or rather a livid 
passion will possess them ; or at least that *t]i|ey know more aad 
better things tbemselvea : Alaa ! the whole island of A»ticyxa 
brings not forth medicine sufficient for tiiis misduefe, thoo^ 



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APPENDIX IX. 945 

appljed hf Melampns hancto ; I must apply to rame oKVn teaa^ 
dies. Abstinence in the first place ; hereafter fkvewel men, here* 
wel books, only some elect and singular reserved. 
The parergon is past the result followee 
Oit yhp Upwa rov tlhhtat rt h vfwf tl /«) *lri<rovv Xpurr^ toil v^kw 
^irravpcifAfPov. 

Post-script. 
ZoUU Collyrium Nardinum and Zotli Cdilp^htm Nictirium are 
two of the best washes for dimm sighted decaying eyes, and old 
ulcers. 

P. K. 
Written by the author of this sentence, 
Philippi Tridconta-SyUabo'n 

Neminis sangrdnem pro mea reUgUme effundi cupiQ, prater 
salvatoris nostri Jesu, 

Cognomen alids qutere 



The second reading y an additional aurvay of men. 

Of the decay of teaming, 

A letter written in an ezotick language to sdgnior Giovanni Junetiiio, 
and metaphras'd into our modem times. 

Mt dearest Junctino^ living, in a manner, oat of the pale of 
Christendome, where I only see men walking like trees, I wearied 
my self with close scrutinie into the cause of the decay of learn- 
ing and contempt of learned men. 

In the first place I found this decay to proceed from want of 
flattery. Mistake me not ! adulation is a general terme for com- 
placency, and blandishment (so saies our great master of the 
summes) to commend a man, if not according to what he is, yet 
according to that he should be : not so much to praise him, as 
to provoke him to make himself worthy of such praise. To 
delight a man disoonaokte with a tender coUubencie least he 
faint in tribulation, these wte an act of friendship, a laudable 
virtue which we call eutrapeHa, candm', aflability ; soaiety and 

3r 



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946 APPENDIX IX. 

cenvereatioQ cannot subsist wUhoot delight. If eutrapdia after 
the Ephesian dialect be taken in the worser aense^ let encharistia 
take place, a grateful recordation of good turns* 

The Romanist hath a superlative way of exalting bis party : if 
the man be dull and doiAdyt slow in expression ; oh I he's m 
sanctified man, wrapt with enthusiasme, drawn into himself with 
extasies, ravished with divine afflation, and struck into a trans- 
port. If of more loquacity: he's the sword and target, an 
Achilles of the cause ; he formes all his notions into a syllo- 
gistick pyramis, and smites with the point ; he hath an Herculean 
energy of some ch3rmical panchreston. If his parts be more emi- 
nent ; no man speaks more waightily, more concisely ; his pre. 
vailing eloquence consists in his own grace, an exalted charact : 
is this all ? no ! he is the light of his nation and the Christian 
world ; the exemplar of sanctity, the salt of the people, the doctor 
of the church. Nay, if you find him in a tavern or m brothel 
house, saint Mary Mawdlin must be converted : and our Saviour 
frequented the assemblies of pubhcanes and sinners. Nay ! their 
region is so full of deities, that yon may finde sooner God then a 
man amongst them. They ascribe larger horizons than their 
circumscription requires, and the people receive them with ampli- 
fication more then a reahty will well admit. I have known by 
experience a renowned knight sometimes waving or palliating his 
religion ; who when he was a Romanist, was accoo(ipted a Vatican 
of all the faculties, in whom all vigour of invention and judgement 
had fild op all numbers ; but after bis revolt was reputed as a 
fellow full of fungous and emptie inflations^ a terra dammUa^ no 
aalt, no nitre in him : but upon his return again to his mothers 
lap, he became a competitour with Adam in his state of inno- 
cency. 

Now review what stigma's they have for the adversary the 
Protestant. If a temperate man, you shall find his judgement 
faint, obscure, imperfect, all his expressions want sunshine. If 
of more language, a fellow made up of puft past and cork ; he 
hath an affected sprucenesse of speech, an infatuated salt. 

Run over with me now the other extreme, what a blandish- 
ment and palliation they have for their rude and horrid absurdi- 
ties. If he have a confident presuming garrulity, such as play a 



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APPENDIX IX. 947 

^^^^^^^^ S^S9 ^P^'^ ^ 8ootoh small-pipes without a miuale ; 
Oh ! say tiiey* quench not the Spirit. If he he a saint new dahd 
of the last edition, whose asteriske is this, one that is dnink with 
tiie violence of selfe-action and singolaritj, of a tnrbolent spirit^ 
a kmatiek conscience and splcn, a seminary of seditious motions 
and reprovings» a bull of Basan bellowing and beating with his 
fore-hoof, an eager from Humber, an hurrican and whirlewind 
storming all before him : what say they ? he is a Boanerges, a 
Sonne of tiiunder. 

Now how funt and frigid are we amoncst our selves ! we 
quarrel with an emphasie or letter ; whereas these are many times 
rather voluntary errors, disdaigning pedantick trivials by a gene« 
rotts carelessness. And if he be some eminent man, we discourse 
his wiidome in dividing, his subtilty in arguing his researched 
conceits, we wind him up with a penphrase, and transfigure him 
to some higher region : then comes in this particle of three let- 
ters BVT ; worse then Plantus his irium Uterarwn, worse then 
the Hebrew Tau, the Greek Theta, or the Latinos black Checker 
and Cole, worse then our criminal stigmaticks at an English 
arraignment, T. R.F. and disjoynts all, dismantles all, blurrs, 
blots> dashes all out, and at the highest careere, like a resty jade, 
makes a full stop, and casts his rider. And in this we see how 
implacable we are in other mens errors, and insensible in our 
own detractions. Il'e give you some instances. If the man be 
of temper mOd, and timerous in his message from his Maker, 
that durst not trust his own eztemporancy, but consults with his 
remembrancer, his book, extracted from the best divines, and di- 
gesting his notions into a congenial coalition, from whom you 
may hear things choice and pertinent, suocint, and depending, 
all apted to the occasion, season, auditor, how disingenionsly will 
his friend come off scattering these words, Hee's a pretty man, 
but I could read as good a piece out of Dr. Andrews, or Mr. Per* 
kins sermons : an other thus. If his notes were lost, where was 
all his learning ? If a man have emphasie and elocution, v^ose 
conceptions and delivery receive spirit and lustre from each other, 
whose gesture breathes out living passions, and whose vocal 
hands reign in mens affections, and inspire his auditory ; in whom 
you may finde a continued strength without deficiency, without 

3p2 



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948 APPENDIX X. 

inequality : how comes he of? his classical friend will cxj oat he 
is a drammatist, fitter to personate upon a theatre a Cassins or a 
Cataline. 

Will yon have me then samm a perfection in one man, and 
giTe you an exemplary idea for all mens imitation ? it is impossi- 
ble, I must borrow an abstract from that Lystrians Mercury that 
elect vessel, his words : spiritual gifts are (fiversly bestowed : the 
eare is not the eye, the foot the hand ; follow after love, it enmeth 
not, it thinketh no evil ; in this love (my dearest Junctino) let us 
ooncenter : let every one share his part, if not ad pondu9, yet at 
justUiam, He can not be so bad, if he be my friend, but I have 
something good to say of htm : and if we doe slip in our expres- 
sions, let us rather commend his paines then blame his deficiency. 
To the wise it will seeme a friendly error, to intimate, if tiot what 
he is, yet to others it will appear what he ought to be. Ever 
declining the two shelves of detraction and bhm^draieht ; blantf- 
ishment that sinister genius of flattery, a vice that humors with 
intent to gain, to nourish vice, or fraudulently to hurt. Finis. 

No. X. p. S02. 

OF FOLLOWING THE FASHJON« 

From'' TkelVuihofaur TinM: lUvmdedimt of wm MwC$ 
Etfperience^ by way of Enay^ wfitkH by HmryPeaoham. 
London : Printed by N. O.for lames Bodtel, and art to 
besotdathis shoppe at the middle Templegate. 1698^^' 12^. 

EkxJesiasticus saith, that by gate, laughter, and apparell, a 
man is knowne what he is. Truly nothing more dlscovereth the 
gravity or levity of the minde then apparell. I never knew a solid 
or wise man to affect this popular vanity : which caused Henry 
the 4. of France to say usually of his counsellors, and learneder 
sort of his courtiers, that they had so much within them, that 
they never cared to leg regard from feathers and gold lace : and 
himselfe would commonly goe as plaine as an ordinary gentleman 
or citizen, onely in blacke, sometime in a suit no better than 
buckram. The emperour Charles the 5. seldome or never ware 
any gold or silver about him, save his order of the Fleece. .And 
the plainnesse of our English kings in former times hath beene 



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APPENDIX X. 949 

veiy remarkable. King Henry the 8. was the first that ever ware 
m band about his neck, and that very plaine, without lace, and 
about an inch or two in depth. Wee may Me how the case is 
altered, hee is not a gentleman* nor in the faahion, whose band 
of Italian cnt*-work now atandeth him not at the least in three or 
foore pounds. Yea a semster in Hdbome told mee that there 
are of threescore pound price a piece ; and shoo-tyes, that goe 
under the Jiame of Roses, from thirty ahillings to three, ionre, 
and five pounds the piore. Yea a gallant of the time not long 
since, payd thirty pound for a paire. I would have had him by 
himselfe to have eaten that dish, of buttered egges prepared with 
mnske aad amber greece« which cost thirty and five pQund9, and 
when hia belly had beene fiUl, to have laid him to sleep upon my 
Lady^ N. bed, whose furniture cost her Ladiship five hundred 
aad tibkree score pounds, 

I never knew any wholly affected to follow £Mhions» to have 
beene any way useful! or profitable to the common wealth, ex- 
cept that way Aristotle affirmeth the prodigall man to be, by 
scattering iiis money about to the benefijk of many, tailors, sem* 
sters, silkmen, &c« Neither ever knew I any man esteemed the 
better or the wiser lor his braverie, but among simple people. 
Now this thing we caH the Fashion, so much hunted and pur* 
sued after (like a thiefe with an hue and cry) that our taylors 
dog it into Franee eiren to the very doore. It reigaes oommotjy 
like an epidenicall disease, first infecting the oourt* then the city, 
after , the country ; from the countesse to the chambriere, who 
rather than shee will want her curled lockes^, will tume them up 
with a hot paire of tongs, in stead of the irons. The Fashion 
(like an higher orbe) hath the revolution commonly every hun- 
dred yeare, when the same comes into request againe ; which I 
saw once in Antwerpe handsomly described by an hee and shee 
foole, turning a wheele about, with hats, hose, and doublets in 
the fieushion, fastned round about it, which when they were below, 
began to mount up againe, as we see them. For example, in the 
time of King Henry the 7. the slashed doublets now used were in 
request, only the coats of the kings guard keepe the same form 
they did, since they were first given them by the said king, who was 

A Lsdy Northampton. Malone's MS. note. 
3 r3 



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960 APPENDIX X. 

the first king of England that had a goard about his person, and 
that by the advice of sir W^iam StmUeyt who was riiortly after 
beheaded for treason, albeit he set the crowne (found throwne in 
a hawthome bash) upon the kings head in ^e field. After that 
the Flemish fashicm in the time of King Henry the 8. came in 
request, of strait doublets, huge breches let ont with pufi^ and 
codpieces. In Qoeene Maries time the Spanish was much in use. 
In Queene Elizabeths time were the great bellied doublets, wide 
sawcy sleeves, that would be in every dish before thor master, 
and buttons as big as table men, or the lesser sort of Bandwioh 
turnips : with huge rufiRes that stood like cart wheels about their 
neckes, and round breeches, not much unlike Saint Omen 
onicms, whereto the long stocking without garters was joyaed, 
which then was the earle of Leicesters foshion, and theirs who 
had the handsomest legge. The women wore strait bodyed 
gowns, with narrow sleeves drawne out wi^ kwne or fine cam- 
bricke in pufife, with high bolstered wings, little rufiea edged 
with gold or blaoke Mike : and maides wore eawles of gold, now 
quite out of use. Chaines of gold were then of lords, knightst 
and gentlemen commonly wome, but a chaine of gold now (to ao 
high a rate gold is raised) is as moeh as some of ^m are 
worth. 

The l^e variety hatii beene in hats, which have beene bnt of 
late years. Henry the 4. is commonly ponrtra^ with a hood 
on his head, snch as the liveries oi the city weare on their shovl- 
ders. Henry the 6. the 7* &Qd 8, wore onely caps. King Philip 
in England wore commonly a somwhat high velvet ci^ with a 
white feather. After came in hats of all foshions, some with 
crowns so high, that beholding th^ai farre ofl', you would have 
thought you had discovered the Tenariffe, those dose to the head 
like barbers' basons, with narrow brimmes, wee were at that time 
beholden to Cadiz in Spaine for. After them came np those with 
square crownes, and brimmes almost as broad as a brewer's 
mash-fat, or a reasonable upper stone of a mustard quaiM, which 
among my other epigrammes « gave me occasion of tiiis : 
Soranzo's broad brimd hat I oft compare 
To the vast compasse of the heavenly sphere : 
• ThaHas Banqvet, Load. i6io, Epig. i r. Sig. A. 6. b. 



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APPENDIX X. 951 

Hit bead, ih/t earth's globe, fixed imdar it. 
Whose center is his wondrous little wit. 

No lesse Tariety bath bin in bat-bands, the cipresse being now 
qnite oat of ose. save among some few of the grarer sort. 

Wherefore the Spaniard and Datoh are much to beecommended, 
who for some hundreds of jeares never altered their fiisbion, but 
have kept alwayes one and the same. 

Tbe Switsers ever since that fatall and finall overthrow which 
they gave to the dnke of Borgnndy at Nancy in Lorrain, have 
%om tiieir party cdoored donblets. breeches, and codpieces, 
drawne ont with hage pvffes of tafiata, or linen, and their stock- 
ings (like tiie knaves of our cards) party coloured, of red and 
3r^ow or other colours. I remember at the taking in of the 
towne of Rees m Cleveland, betweene Wesel and £mbrick upon 
the river of Rhine, (I being th^re at tbe same time) when a part 
of the Swisse quarter, being before the towne, was by accident 
burned, I demanded of a Swisse captaine the reason of their so 
much affecting colors above other nations : he told me the occa- 
sion was honourable, which was this : At what time the duke of 
Bm^ndy reoeiye d his overthrow, and the Swisses recovering 
thenr liberty, he oitied the field in all the state and pompe bee 
could possible devise, bee brought with him all his plate and 
jewels, all his tents were of silke, of severall colours, which the 
battaile being ended, being tome all to pieces by the Swisse soul- 
diers, of a part of one colour they made them doublets, of the 
rest of other colours breeohes« stockings, and caps, returning 
home in that habit ; so ever since in remembrance of that fEonous 
victory by them atchieved, and their liberty recovered, even to 
this day they goe still in their party-colours. Let mee not forget 
to tell you the occasion of this mortal! warre ; it was onely as 
Guiociardine tds us, but for the toll of a loade of calves skins 
comming over a bridge, which toll the duke claimed as his right, 
and the Swisses theirs. But this by the way. 

I have much wondered why our English above other nations 
should so much doat upon new fashions, but more I wonder at 
our want of wit, that wee cannot invent them ourselves, but when 
one is growne stale runne presently over into France, to seeke a 
new, making that noble and flourishing kbgdome the magazin 
of our fooleries : and for this purpose many of our tailors lye 

Sp4 



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952 APPENDIX XL 

leger there^ and ladies post over their geDtlemen vshers, to ac- 
coutre them and themselves as yon see. Hence came your 
slashed doabkts, (as if the wearers were cut oat to be carbo- 
nado'd upon the coales) and your bal£e shirts, pickadilHea (now 
out of request) your long breeches, narrow towards the knees, 
like a payre of smiths bellowes, the spangled garters pendant to 
the shooe, your perfumed perrukes or periwigs, to shew us that 
lost haire may bee had againe for money ; with a thousand such 
fooleries, unknowne to our manly forefathers. 

It was a saying of that noble Romane Catp, Cut corporis 
summa cura, ei virtutu maxifna incuria ; and moat true it is, since 
on the contrary we daily fiode by experience, our greatest scho. 
lers and statists to offend on the contrary part, being carelesse, 
and sometime slovenly in their apparell, that many times (their 
thoughts being taken up with studious and profound meditations) 
they forget to button or to trusse themselves, they love their old 
clothes better than new, they care not for curious setting their 
ruffe, wearing cuffes, &c. 

Erasmus in Epistolis I remember reporteth of sir Thomas 
Moore, that it puero in vtsiUu semper fint negli^mtisskmu ; and I 
beleeve it to bee most true that God hath said by the moudi of 
his prophet. That he wiU visit, or send his plague among such as 
are clothed with strange apparell. 

No. XI. See p. 385. 

OLD BALLADS. 

As the marvellous collection known as the Roxburgh 
Ballads has now, it may be hoped, (although in these days 
of revofaition and perpetual change, nothing oan be pre- 
dicted with certainty,) found its resting place, it may be 
acceptable to the reader to add a few particulars to those 
given at page 227. The first notice I find of them is in 
the Harleian Catalogue, vol. iii. No. 8667. " A very large 
and curious collection of Old Ballads neatly bound in 3 
volumes." These being purchased by Heame's friend 
James West, appeared at his sale in 1778, No. 21 12, '< A 
curious collection of Old Ballads, in number above 1200. bl. !., 
with humorous frontispieces, - 3 voU." and was bought by 
major Pearson for 20?. In Pearson's catalogue 1788, No. 



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APPENDIX XL 953 

2710. ^ Anoimt Songs and BalladB written on yarions 
snbjects, and printed between the years 1560 and 1700^ 
diiefly coUeoted by Bobert, earl of Oxford, and purohaied 
at the sale of the library of James West, esq. in 1773, in- 
creased by several additions, SvoU. bound in Russia leather.'' 
Major Pearson, with the assistance of Isaac Bead, had 
added largely to the collection, which he rebound with 
printed titles and indexes in S instead of 3 volumes, and in 
this s^ate they were bought at his sale by the duke of 
Boxburgh for 36/. 4^. 6d. The duke, adding greatly to the 
number and value of the ballads, again rebound them in 
8 volumes, when they were sold in 1812 for 477^ ISs. Od. 
to Joseph Harding, esq. From Mr. Harding^s hands they 
passed into those of Messrs. Longman, the well known book- 
sellers of Paternoster Bow, who sold them to Benjamin 
Heywood Bright, esq. of Ham Green, near Bristol. Upon 
that gentleman's death and the dispersion of his vety curious 
library, in 1845, they were purchased by Tho. Bodd^, in 

b Thecdalogoeof Mr. Brigfafs bookaasioldbyaeaclkmbylieiin. 8. Leigh 
Sotheby and Wilkinson, was drawn up by Bodd, of wbom see Noies and 
Queriest voL zii. p. 43, and in whose hands the management of the sale was 
placed by Mr. Bright* s relatives. The result fully proved their just appre- 
ciation of Rodd's judgment and their confidence in his advice and integrity. 

The Ballads in the Ashmolean Museum formerly Wood's, and Dr. 
Rawlinson's volume, are weU worthy of inspection. To these may be 
added, a volume in the Ute Mr. Utterson's library, sold in 1852 for 104/. lot. o. 
Some very extraordinary ballads, historical, biographical and legendary, be- 
longing to that well known coUector Mr. Heber, which at his sale were pur- 
chased by the late Mr. Miller; as well as a collection, not so extensive in- 
deed, but so &r as it extends, quite as, or I should venture to say, even more 
interesting than the Uoxburghe, in the hands of Mr. George Daniel of Canon- 
bury, and obtained by that gentleman under circumstances not more favour- 
able than romantic. The literary world may indeed consider itself indebted 
to Mr. Daniel for the preservation of these wonderfUl curiosities firom aod- 
dental destruction. 

A collection of old ballads, although recently printed, combined with those 
of more modem date, has been made and admirably arranged by sir Frederic 
Madden of the British Museum : it is now in his private library, and may 
dose the present list. Let me add that a valuable account of early English 
poetry, ballads, &c. is now in course of compilation, I hope also for speedy 
publication, by Mr. Samuel Leigh Sotheby, whose peculiar opportunities as 
well as fitness for such a task, must be univo'sany acknowledged. 



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954 APPENDIX XII. 

ovder to be dq[>oflitedintInBintiAhMiiBeiinft; Mr. Pattkzi, 
ihe then keeper of tbe printed books, yery properly, girnig 
a liberal commiflBion whkh enaUed Rodd to buy the three 
Tolumee for 535/. A limited but very judioiom seleotioii has 
since been printed by Mr.T. P.OoUy^ in a single 4to Yclxnae. 

No. Xn. See p. 405. 

[From Aubrey's MS. Lives in the Ashmole Muaemn.] 
Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley in com. Oxon. wasa gent, of a good 
estate and a strong and vcJlant person. He was raunger of 
Woodstock-parke, -and (I have heard my old cosen Whitney say) 
would many times in his younger yeares, walke at nights in the 
parke with his keepers. Sir Gerard Fleetwood succeeded him in 
this place, as his nephew sir Wm. Fleetwood did him, and him 
the E. of Rochester. 

This sir Henry Lee's nephew and heire (whom I remember 
very well, he often came to sir John Danvers) was called Whip 
and away. The occasion of it was thus. This old hero declining 
in his strength by age, and so not being able to be a righter of 
his owne wrongs, as heretofore : 

Labitur occiduse per iter dedive senectoe. 
Submit hsec eevi demoliturque prions 
Robora : Fletque Milon senior, quum spectat inanes 
lUos, qui faerant solidorum mole tororum 
Herculeis simOes, fluidos pendere lacertos. 

Some person of quaUty ha4 affronted him, so he spake to ur 
H. L. his heire to He in wayte for him about the Bell June in the 
Strand, with halfe a dozen or more lustie fellowes at his back, 
and as the partie passed along to g^ye him a g^od Uow with his 
cane, and wh^ and away, the taU fellowes should finish the revenge. 
Whether 'twere nicety of conscience or cowardice, sir Henry the 
younger absolutely refused, for which he was disinherited, and 
setled his whole estate upon a keeper's sonne of Whitchwood- 
forest, of his owne, a one-eied young man, no kinne to him : 
from whom the earle of Lichfield, (as also the lady Norris and 
kdy Wharton) now is descended. He was never maried but 
kept woemen to reade to him when he was abed. One of his 



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APPENDIX XII. 



955 



readers was Parson Jones his wife of Wotton. I have heard her 
da. (who had no more witt) glory what a brave reader her 
mother was, and how sir Harry's worship much delighted to 
heare her. But his dearest deare was M.^^ Anne Vavasour. He 
erected a noble altar-monument of marble, whereon his eflEgies 
in armour lay ; at the feet was the effigies of his mistresse, Anne 
Vavasour, which occasioned these verses, * * * 
♦ ♦ * * 



* 



* 



Mem. Some bishop did threaten to have this monument de- 
faced, at least to remove M"*. A. Vavasour's effigies. 

Old rir Henry Lee of » 
Ditchleycom.Oxon. I 



Sir Henry Lee, with 
one eie, a keeper^s 
son, adopted by old 
sir Heniy. 



£lenor Wortley, whose mother 
was conntesse of Dover. 



HanyLee » 



Harry Lee^ 



... St. John, daughter of Sir 
Jo. St. John of Lydiaid Tre- 
goze, Wilts, now conntesse 
of Rochester. 

' Anne Danvers, 2^, daughter 
of sir Jo. Danvers, brother 
and heire of Hen, earl of 
Danby. 



James, lord Nor- 
risofRicotySinoe 
earl of Abingdon. 



..Lee- 



Lee- 

Eldest son of y« 
lord Wharton. 



Montague, now 
lord Noiris. 



James 



Old sir Hen. Lee, knight of the garter, and was supposed bro- 
ther of queen Eli2abeth. He ordered that all his family should 
be christened Harry's, 

This account I tooke from my lady Mzabeth, viscountesse 
Parbec, y« eldest daughter of sir Jo. Danvers, sister to the lady 
Anne Lee. 



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956 APPENDIX XII. 

Amongst two volumes of transcripts from the Burleigh 
Papers in the Bodleian is a copy of the following letter 
from sir Henry Lee " to lord Cecyll.*" 

Sir, 
Your letter came Ixither to me one Fridttf aboot foure of the 
dock in the aftomooo* The duke, witk his company cm Saturday 
in the foreaeoa; wbwe he £fi4 e$m htur majesty's house and 
tooke a note of such writings as he found in her majesty's bed 
chamber, written in the wmdow by her majty being prisoner 
there. From thence he came to this more dien simple place for 
the entertainment of such a prince upon such a soddayne sent 
carefully as it did appeare from her maj*y, written by your own 
hand, to signify her pleasure and the estimation she held of him. 
All things heere (though at the best being far to mean, and the 
more out of order by my own weakness who was not able to 
stir, and have not now tbels many weekes.once cum out of my 
bed, nether am yet able to stand or move as the duke can wit- 
ness, who after his sport woold needs see me mutch against my 
will. Such a man, so sent, ccfnsidering his state, with the care is 
had of him, ought to have in this phice while I am ruler heere 
not the meanest but the best entertamment my fortune and this 
barren country in such hast could affbrd hito. Howsoever he 
tooke every tlung in good part, he shewed both kindness and 
bountie, and above all things a mind never satisfied wilAi speak- 
ing honor of her majty, which disposition of las as I now tooke 
pleasure to observe in him, so hafe I e^^er endeavoured to make 
proofs of in myself, and truly Mr.seoretsry, I h&ve bid ttid am 
most redy and desirus to see to the ful performed whatsoever 
her majty shall in this |dace or elsewhere oommaiid me, so long 
as any means shall continew, other judge then her sacred selfe I 
will not call to witness for the better time <^ my former race, 
spent with a care to serve and please her*. To my greefe my 
coosen now in the end is trodden down, held with disgrace under 
foote, being as some would have him not worthy of life, happely 
not deserving better then himself. At my late mooring her 
majesty for him, I found more displeasure then hope of better 
opinion in her of him. My time is not long, and the shorter 



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APPENDIX XII. 957 

through this and him with her favour, and «o I humbly take my 
leave. 

"* Yours ever redy to doe you service 

to my uttermost power, 

HENRY L££. 
Woodstock l^dge, this 22d of Dee. )6O0l 
To the H. hon^o my very good friend sir lUAy*. Gscil, principal 
secretary to her maj^» awi one df her highness most honor, 
able privie counseill these. 



[I will add lines to bslennd among Rawlinson's CoUMlion in the JM^ 
leian marked BawL Poet 14$, fol i9^«] 
In j/eeU^e up his Tilt siqf, sojfd : 

1. Tymes eldest sonne» old age the heire of ease^ 
Strengths foe> loues woe» and foster to deuotion« 
Bids gallant youth in martiall prowes please. 
As for him selfe he hath no earthly motion. 

But thancks, sighes, teares, vowes, prayers, sacrifices : 
As good as showes, maskes, justes, or tilt deoises* 

2. Then sit thee downe and say y*« Nunc dimitUf, 
With De profuadis^ Credo, and Te Deum, : 
Chaunt Miserere ; for what now so fitt ys. 
That, or this ; Paraium est cor meum f 

O that y^^ sainct would take in worth y^^ heart : 
Thou canst not please her with a better part. 

3. When others amge, Vemte eauUemus, 
Stand by and tume to» Noh emulari : 
Ffor Qmre frementum^ use eramus, 
ViutU Eiufa h for an Aue Mori. 

And teach those swaynes y^ live •bout y»« cell 
To say Amen, when y« doe'st piwy soe welL 

4. And when thou sadly sit^st in homely cell. 
Then teach tfay swaynes this carole fbr a songe : 
J^est be the hemie j^ wish tny souerayne well, 
Curst be the soules that thUnck her any wronge. 

Good God alowe this aged man his right : 

To be your beadmmn now, yt yf^rna your knight. 

q/^. Sir H^nhy Lakth. 
7 Regina in mtrg. 



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9SS APPENDIX Xni. 

In the miiTeraity accountB 1578 (y 83) is an item 
Solat pro chirothecis datis Henrico Lee militi 
etfratri sno 12<> Septembris vij iiijd. 

See the third vol. of Nichols's Progresses of queen Elizabeth, 
for more of sir Henry Lee and his family, pp. 42 — 44, 47» 125. 

No. XIII. See p. 489. 

Joaias Howe was son of Thomas Howe, minister of Gren- 
don in Buckinghamshire ; he was bom in 1611, (Beg. 
Matric. PP. fo. 180,) entered as a member of Trinity 
college, Oxford, in April, and was elected scholar of that 
house June IS, 1632, took the degree of bachelor of arts 
June 18, 1634, (Beg. Cong. P. fo. 825,) admitted fellow of 
Trinity May 26, 1637 ; M. A. Feb. 21, 1637-8, (Beg. 
Congr. Q. fo. 197, b,) B.D. July 10, 1646 (Beg. Oongr. Q. 
fol. 206). Howe, it has always been said, was ejected from 
his fellowship by the parliamentary visitors in 1648, and 
restored in 1660 ; but see these volumes, p. 440, for Mr. 
Gollins's opinion on this subject, and he was commonly too 
well informed to be considered otherwise than good au- 
thority. 

It is on record that Howe used to fast solemnly and very 
particularly on one day in the year, namely a day on which, 
when a boy, he had the misfortune to kill a schoolfellow by 
accident. MS. Diary, col. 102, 89. 

He died in college Aug. 28, 1701, at the age of 90, and 
was buried in the ante-chapel, where a plain stone, with an 
inscription merely recording his death and age, (given faith- 
fully in Wood's Colleges and Halls, as edited by Gutch, 4to, 
1786,) marks the spot where his remains were deposited. 

Mr. Dyer « told Heame (MS. Diary 102,.36) that Howe 
was bom at Lower Winchenden in Bucks. He sold his 

* But incorrectly, u appears from tlie following extract: 'M6i3. Martij 
99. Jodas Howe y« aonne of Thomas Howe." Regist. of Bapt. of Grendon 
Underwood. 



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APPENDIX XIII. 959 

books, when old, some time before he died, being appre- 
hensive, that after his death they would go for little, it 
being nsual to give but small prioes for scholars' books 
when they are dead, though the tools of other tradeib gene- 
rally bring a good sum. 

I am indebted to the unvarying kindness of Dr. Wilson, 
the president of Trinity, for the following information and 
memoranda extracted from the college registers. 

'* Josias Howe natus in parochia de Grendon Underwood in 
comitatu Bucks dioces. Lincokie decimum septimum etatis annum 
agens admissus est scholaris Jonii I2<> anno 1632. Idem ad- 
missus est Bocius Maij 29, an 1637^ 

There appears to have been at the time no book kept for 
autographs of admissions. 

Formal attestation of the election of Howe as a scholar, to- 
gether with two others, die Martis, viz. duodecimo die Junii 
anno Domini 1632, Dr. Kettell*> being then president. He is 
described as *'annos natus, ut asseruit, septendecim, natum in 
parochia Grendon Bubkes et diocesis Lincoln." 

It appears® that be was nominated a probationary fellow 
by the mandate of Walter, bishop of Winchester, the Visitor, on 
the ground (real or pretended) that a Mr. Thomas Jones had by 
resignation or otherwise made a vacancy before the festival of the 
holy Trinity preceding, (within five days of which the elections 
are always to be made,) and the society having neglected to fill 
up the place, the right of doing so had devolved upon the visitor. 
He was admitted^, being then A.B., and 22 years old. May 29, 
1637, and actual fellow, being then M. A., May 30, 1638^ 

Howe is recorded to have been vice-president, and to have 
taken part in the election of Henry Howe as probationary fellow 
July 2, 1646. 'His pension, as fellow, pro anno, is charged 
in the accounts for 1646-7, and in the same year he is paid as 
one of the chaplains, and for journeys, of course, upon college 
business, to Luton and Bedford. He is also paid in the next 

• Dr. KetteU's Register of Foundationen, No. 22a. See Warton's Sir T. 
Pope, 2 ed. p. 396, note. ^ Register A, fol 68, b. c Register ▲, fol. 72. 
(i Register A, 72, 7 a b. e Ibid. fol. 73. ^Computi Burss. pro anno. 



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960 APPENDIX XIII. 

year 1647-8 E^ ^ tempore diuokitiomB ooUegi/' at it is ex pr c aa c d, 
and when the accounts are signed by Robert Harris, the intrud- 
ing president. The accounts of the years 1648-9, and i649-5o« 
are either lost or none were kept, in those for 1650-1, 1652-3, 
'^S4-"5» 1^55-6. 1656-7, 1657-8, his name does not i^ipear ; 
those for 1658-9 are lost ; but in 1659-60 ^ he seems to be paid 
for part of a year only, together with another fellow, Mr. Meese, 
their pensions being only 5^. lod., while the full sum paid to 
others is 3^, which is charged as paid to him in the next and fol- 
lowing years. His name, it is to be observed, is not found as 
having taken part in any college proceedings, where lists of those 
present are given, in the years 1653-3, 4-5, 7-8, and in June 
4, 1660, but it does occur in an election June 13, r66T^, and so 
continues till June 8, 1700^ the last occasion upon which we find 
it, and where he is mentioned as being one taking part in a col- 
lege election ^. 

There would appear to be no college record of any proceeding 
against Howe. With respect to the story of bis having retired 
to a college estate at Oakley, Bucks, carrying the college deeds 
with him, they certainly possess a small property there^ to which 
he might have been disposed to withdraw* as it is the nearest 
they have to Grendon; and if he carried the deeds with him, he 
took good care of them ; for there are only two, and those of 
minor importance, at all injured." 

The only copy hitherto known of Howe's celebrated ser- 
mon is now in the Bodleian, given by Dr. Rawlinson. At 
the beginning is this note by Hearne. 
Suum cuique. 

ThO. HSARNB, 1723. 

Mr. Wood tells us, in col. 737 of the 2d. vol. of his Athetuz 
Oxon. that on June 6, 1646, in a convocation then held, the vice- 
chancellour (Dr. Samuel Fell) signified to the members thereof 
that several preachers of this and the university of Cambridge 
had preached several laudable sermons before the king, court, 
and parliament^ at Oroff._ for which their pains^ the delegates 

r Computi Botbs. ^ Computi anni. * Register A, foL 90 b, 91. 

k Register B, fol. 16. 



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APPENDIX XIII. 961 

appointed by the onivenity, could think of no other way to 
requite them but by conferring on them degrees : which mat- ' 
ter being at length decreed by them, and approved by the 
chanoelloar's QWiUiam, marqness of Hertford's] letters, their 
names then were pnblic^y read,' with liberty given to the said 
persons to be created when they pleased. After which Mr. 
Wood observes (in the same col.) that (among others that were 
created that year) Mr. Josias How of Trin. coll. in Oxford, was 
created Bach, of Div. ^n July 10, immediately following, upon 
occasion of which Mr. Wood mentions this Sermon in red letters, 
(which, however, he had never seen) speaking of it and Mr. How 
thus; 

*' This pa*8on, who was now" [at the time of his creation] " in ^ 
*' good esteem for his ingenuity, hath published A Sermon before 
'• tke King at Ck. Ck, on Psal. 4. 7- Printed as tis said, in red 
" letters, on. 1644, or thereabouts, in qu. but this I have not yet 
" seen. He hath also several copies of verses that are extant in 
** various books, which shew him to have been a good po^t. He 
" was put oat of his fellowship [of Trinity coll.] by the Parlifi- 
** mentarian visitors an. 1648, was restored in 1660, but was no 
" gainer by his si|£fenngs, as many honest cavaliers were not by 
*' theirs. He is now living, and will tell you the reason why, &c." 

" I bought tiiis sermon on Jan. 14, 1 723, out of the study of the 
l|^e Dr. Arthur Charlett, master of University coll., who had 
bound it up, in vefy ordinary binding, amongst several other very 
common sermons ; and nothing being writ, either by the Dr. or 
any one else, in the volume about it, occasioned the bookseller 
(who purchased the Dr.'s books, and from whom 1 had it) to 
overlook it as an ordinary common thing, and of little or no 
value. After J had procured the volume, I had this sermon 
taken out, and bound up (singly) in this manner, as very deserv- 
ing of it, both for the excellency and honesty of the sermon, and 
for its wonderfnll rarity, there having been only thirty copies 
printed of it, as 1 have noted in my glossary to Robert of Glou- 
cester's Chronicle, p. 669. Dr. Charlett us'd often to speak of 
this sermon, but I could never get a sight of it from him. Nor 
can I find, that he us'd to shew it to any one else of l\is acquaint- 
ance. It may be he knew not well where to find it, among^ 

3q 



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962 APPENDIX XIII. ^ 

that great variety of Miscellaneous Tracts and Papers (bound up 
all in a very confus'd manner, without directing to particulars in 
any catalogue) that was in his study. Otherwise there is no 
doubt he would have very readily produced it, he seeming to be 
very proud of having so very great a curiosity." 

Another tract, similarly printed, is so rare, that I believe 
the Bodleian copy to be unique : this was also one of Dr. 
Bawlinson's treasures, who has written in the blank leaf: 

" N.B. This is so great a curiosity that I desire it may be pre- 
served amongst my MSS. 

R. X R." 

" The Bloody Court ; or. The Fatall Tribunall ; Being A brief 
History, and true Narrative of the strange Designs, widced Plots, 
and Bloody Conspiracies, carryed on by the most sordid'st, vile, 
and Usurping Tyrants, in these late Yeare of Oppressions, Ty- 
ranny, Martyrdom, and Persecutions ; Discovering, 

*' I. The Poysonous Asps, King-killing Basilicks, weeping 
H3rpocrites, and devouring Caterpillara, who in their damnaMe 
Treasons have ftir surpassed the Powder-Conspiracy, secretly con- 
triving, but openly acting the Murther of our late Gradous King 
Charles, the mine of all the Ro3ral Issue^ the overthrow of all 
our Iiaws, the blowing up of all Parliaments, the subverting of 
the whole state of Government; and the setting up of a confused 
Babel, watted with the blood of the King and His People. 

*' U. An Exact Description of these hard-hearted BebhaEzars, 
infamous Impostors, Ludferian Brats, wicked Schismaticks, cruel 
Hypocrites, desperate Usurpers, Damnable Blood, suckere, both of 
King and Nobles, who with Iron Hands, and Adamantine 
Hearts, would also have puird our present Lord and Soveraign 
oat of the Arms and Embraces of His Loyal and Leige Subjects. 

" III. The Bloody Tragedy of all Tragedies, against King, 
Lords, ahd Commons ; the several Scenes, presenting their most 
horrid VUlanies ; and the most barbarous and Tyrannical Mas. 
sacre that was ever heard of since the Worid began, consulted 
amongst the Grandees of tbe Independent 8word-men, against 
the chief Royalists apd Presbyterians, both Nobles, Gentry, and 
Citizens ; with the manner how it was prevented ; and the ex- 



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APPENDIX XIV. 9G8 

posing of these Buff- Grandees, and insulting proud Officers, to 
their Needles, Hammers, Lasts, Slings, Carts, and Flails ; and all 
true Subjects to enjoy their Bights. 

Printed for C. Horton ; and publiahed by a Rural Pen, for 
general satisfaction." 

No, XIV. Seep- 467- 

I have already given the title, an extraot relating to the 
writer of the BawUnson Manuscript of the Baflkervillea, 
and an account of St. John's cdlege plate and money 
given to Charles in his necessities, in a volume containing 
the life of Anthony Wood, printed in 18M by the Ecclesi- 
astical History Society, which although long since dissolved, 
I shall always consider as an undertaking extremely well 
imagined, idthougb miserably mismanaged; for had it 
fallen into good hands, and had equal care been bestowed 
upon its publications, it might have proved eminently sue- 
oessAil and of great public utility. To all persons in- 
terested in the history of the university, the Baskerville 
volume is of peculiar value, for although the information is 
somewhat desultory, there are many unknown or unremem- 
bered particulars of the several houses, that well deserve to 
be preserved. This however may be safely left to younger 
and more energetic persons. For my own part I have 
now nearly reached the age of man, and feel it neoessaiy to 
desist from collecting materials for publication, fully sen- 
sible of my own failing powers, and the better ability of 
others to make public some of the varied and inestimable 
treasures of the Bodleian, which, they may believe me, 'will 
prove an inexhaustible mine of historical, biographical and 
bibliographical wealth. To this feeling may be ascribed 
an allusion only to the Baskerville volume. Instead of an 
analysis of its contents. 

' No. XV. See p. 464. 
The Aciis and Constitutiounis of the Realme of Scotland 
maid in Parliammtis holdin be the rycht excellent^ hie and 
myrhtie Princei$^ Kingi^ James the First, Serund, Third, 

3q 9. 



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964 APPENDIX XV. 

FtM, Fyfij and in tyme of Maris n&w Quene of SeMif, 
viseit^ carreetit, and ewtraetU fufih of ths BegisUrs he the 
LordxB depute he hir Maiesteie epeeiatt eommiseiaun thairto. 
Anno Do, 1566. 

At the bad£ of this title is *' The qyenis graee privilege 
grantit for Imprenting of his Maiesties Lawis and actis of 
ParUamentis/' Then the " commissioun" one leaf, *' Pre- 
faoe ike 'Prefaoe to the Bedar,^ signed Ed. Henrison, one 
leaf, a leaf blank. '' The tabill of the actis" from a. j. to 
0. 3. Then commences the work itself on A. ij. A. iij. being 
numbered fol. iii.5 and extending to foL dxxxi. ; fol. xvi. 
wronglj numbered xiiii., and a false letter used at fols. xxx. 
and xxxi. On the last leaf, the tide of the work^ and the 
following, ^'Imprintit at Edinburgh be Robert Lekpreuik, 
the xij. day of October the ^eir of Qoi ane thousand fyue 
hundreth three sooir sax ^eiris.**^ 

Mr. Bridges's copy, mentioned at p. 464, is now among 
Dr. Bawlinson's books in the Bodleian^ bought at lord 
Wilmington^s sale in Feb., 1748-4. It is a peculiarly fine 
one, and in every respect agrees with the above, but con- 
tains, in Mr. Bridges's hand, a collation with a copy in lord 
Sunderland's library, and a transcript of such acts^as are 
found there, and supply the place of those omitted from the 
October edition. Lord Sunderland's was dated November 
28,1566.- 

On the subject of the supposed two editions of this very 
nure volume, consult the preface to the Boxburghe Cata- 
logue by' Mr. William Nicol, a gentleman who for many 
years enjoyed the duke's confidence, and was highly es- 
teemed by his grace, both for his literary attainments, and 
the pleasing vivacity of his conversation. Let me here 
give an anecdote which rests upon the authority of the late 
venerable Dr.Bouth, the president of Magdalen, from whom 
I had it in the year 1884. '' The duke of Boxburghe told 
Dr. Parr, that before he became duke of Boxburghe, he 
believed he was one of the proudest men in Christendom, 
high in family, low in pocket. Since I came to the title. 



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APPENDIX XVI. 965 

he added, I hope I have seen my folly, and think more 
justly of myself and my pretensions, that is, more humbly.*' 

No. XVI. See p. 602. 
The Whipping Story. (From Letters by the tote Lord 
LyttUicn. 8vo. Lcnd.^ 1787, vol. l,p. 141.) 
Mt dbar Str, 
I obey your commands with some reluctance^ in rdating the 
story of which yon have heard so moch, and to whicb your co- 
rioMty appears to be so broad awake. 1 do it nnwittia^y, because ' 
sach histories depend so much upon the manner in which they 
are related; and tbis^ which I have told with such sucoess, 
and to the midnight terrors of so many simple souls, will make 
but a sorry figure in a written narration. — However, yoo shall 
have it. 

It was in the early part of 's life that he attended an 

hunting club at their sport, when a stranger, of a genteel a|q^ear- 
ance, and well mounted, joined the chace, and was observed to 
ride with a degree of courage and address that called forth the 
utmost astonishment of every one present. The beast he rode 
was of amazing powers ; nothing stopped them ; the hounds 
could never escape them ; and the huntsman, who was left far 
behind, swore that the man and his horse were devils from hell. 
'When the sport was over, the company invited this extraordinary 
person to dinner : he accepted the invitation, and astonished the 
company as much by the powers of his conversation, and the ele- 
gance of his manners, as by his equestrian prowess. He was an 
orator, a poet, a painter, a musician, a lawyer, a divine \ in short, 
he was every thing, and the magic of his diseomve kq>t the 
drowsy sportsmen awake long after their usual h9or. At length, 
however, wearied nature conld be 4tharmed no mors, and the 
company began to steal away by d^;rees to their repose. On 
his observing the society diminish^ be diseomed m^iiifsst signs 
of unea^ness : be therefore g«re new fovea to his sptriite, and . 
new charms to his conversation, in order to, detain the remwng 
few some time longer. This had some little effect; but the 
period could not be long delayed when he was to be cQnducted 

3q3 



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966 APPENDIX XVI. 

to hiB chamber. The remains of the company retired also ; but 
they had scarce closed their eyes, when the house was alarmed 
• by the most tdrible shrieks thdt were ever heard : several per- 
sons were awakened by the noise ; but, its continuance being 
short, they concluded it to proceed from a dog who might be 
accidentally confined in some part of the house : they very soon, 
thefefore, composed themselves to sleep, and were very soon awak- 
ened by shrieks and cries of still greater terror than the former. 
Alarmed at what they heard, several of them rung their beUs, 
and, when the servants came, they declared that the hcwrid 
sounds pitKieeded from the stranger's chamber. Some of the 
gentlemen immediately arose, to inquire iBto this extraordinary 
disturbance ; and while they were dressing themsdves for tint 
purpose, deeper groans of .despair, and shriller shrieks of agony, 
again astonished and terrified them. After knocking some time 
at the 'stranger's chamber door, he answered them as one 
awakened from sleep, declared he had heard no noise, and, 
rather in an angry tone, desired he might not be again dis- 
turbed. Upon this they returned to one of their chambers, and 
had scarce begun to communicate their sentiments to each other, 
when their conversation was interrupted by a renewal of yella, 
screams, and shrieks, which, from the horror of them, seemed to 
issue from the throats of damned and tortured spirits. They im* 
mediately followed the sounds, and traced them to the stranger's 
chamber, the door of which they instantly burst open, and found, 
him upon his knees in bed, in the act of scourging himsdf with 
the most unrelenting seventy, his body streaming with Uood. 
On their seizing his hand to stop the strokes, he begged them, in 
the most wringing tone of voice, as an act of mercy, that they 
would retire, assuring them that the cause of their disturbance 
was over, and that in the morning he would acquaint them with 
the reasons of the terriUe cries they had heard, apd the melan- 
choly sight they saw. After a repetition of his entreaties they 
retired ; and in the morning some of them went to his chamber, 
but he was not there ; and, on examining the bed, they found it 
to be one gore of blood. Upon further inquiry, the groom said, 
that, as soon as it was light, the gentleman came to the stable 
booted and spurred, desired his horse might be immediately sad* 



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APPENDIX XVI. 967 

died, and appeared to be extremely impatient till it was done, 
when be vaulted instantly into bis saddle, and rode out of the 
yard on full speed. Servants were immediately dispatched into 
every part of the surrounding country, but not a single trace of 
him could be found : such a person had not been seen by any 
one, nor has he been since heaird of. 

The circumstances of this strange story were immediately com- 
mitted* to writing, and signed by every one who were witnesses to 
them, that the future credibility of any one who should think 
proper to relate them, might be duly supported. Among the 
subscribers to the truth of this history are some of the first 
names of this century. It would now, I believe, be impertinent 
to add any thing more, than that I am. 

Yours, &c. 
THE END. 



CONTENTS OF THE APPENDIX. 

L See p. 1. Thomas Heame. Sources of the present pubhcation, 
with some account of the author and his portraits : 
as also remarks on the late changes in the university, p. 877 

II. 50. Bishop Barlow, with extract from his " Remains." 888 

III. 54. Leicester's Commonwealth 895 

IV. 138. Cherry's MSS. " The Oath of Allegiance." 899 

V. 213. College Graces 907 

VI. 263. Poem by Cowley 921 

VII. 267. Letter to Mrs. Barnes 923 

VIII. 298. Books of R. B. (Nath. Crowch, or Crouch.) 925 

IX. 300. The Surfeit, by Philip Kmg, reprinted entire. 928 

X. 302. Of following the fashion 948 

XI. 385. Old ballads, collections of. 952 

XII. 405. Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley. 954 

XIII. 439. Josias Howe 958 

XIV. 457. Baskerville MS 963 

XV. 464. The Black Acts 964 

XVI. 602. The Whipping Story 965 

3q4 



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INDEX 

OF THE PRINCIPAL MATTERS AND NAMES 
IN THESE VOLUMES. 



AARON, a Jew in Oxfoid, 875. 

Abbey kmdi, 435, 457. 

Abbot, Geo. abp. of Caot. 51, 539. 

Abbots in parliament, 313. 

Abdication, 801. 

Abingdon, abbot of, 629. 

various particulars of, 639, 

64a. ancient riot of the towns- 
men, 730. 

Montague, earl of Abingdon, 

769. • 

Accident near Salisbury, 409. 

Acres of Blewberry, 318. 

Act in Oxford, 779. 

Actis and Constitutionis of Scot- 
laBd»964. 

Aelfric, 14a. 

Addison> Anthony, 73. 

Addison, Joseph, 69, 73, 85, 374^ 
380,431,439,720,821. 

Addison, Lancelot, 72. 

Addresses, their value, 262. 

Adrian, emp., 134. 

Ajax from the Greek, 822. 

Ainsworth, Robert, 488, 682, 685, 

Album, description of a curious, 

35'- 
Aldgate church, 753. 
Aldate, St., 629. 
Aldiiehy Charles, 492. 
Aldrich,4Ienry, dean, 55, 78, 89. 

his death, 2io» 238. his inst. 

Germ. 253. 372, 415, 770,844. 
Ale taster in the univ., 38. 
Alfred, Oxford older than, 8. 
AUam, Andrew, 204. 
Allen, George, 369. 



Allen, William, 27. 

All Souls* college, 121. injunctions 

for, 232. mallard, 486, 731. 
Alsop, Anth., 40, 57, 587, 689. 
Ammon, Jefl&ey, 411. 
Anathemas, 166. 
Andersey, isle of, near Abingdon, 

664. 
Anderson, James, 592. 
Anderson, Jno., 51. 
Andrew, sir Bus., 787, 788. 
Andrews, John, 758. 
Anglesea, lord privy seal, 720. 
Anne, queen, dies, 310, 467. 
Anstis, John, 337, 509, 571. 
Anthologia Astrologica, by Vet- 

tius Valens, i. 
Anthony St., engraving of, 870. 
AntiquitasTheol.etGentilis, 1670, 

64. 

Antiquities, great value of, 264. 

Antiquity hall, (since this note d 
was written, is altogether de- 
stroyed, and a modem miserable 
house erected on the site,) 411, 

497- 
Archbishops, curious story of the 

two, 217. 
Artidec, XXXIX., Selden's copy, 

83. 
Arundel, Tho., earl of, 265. 
Arundel, Tho., archbishop, 741. 
Ashbumham, blamed on account 

of Chas. I., 409. 
Ashmole, Ellas, 14, 422. 
Astrey, sir James, 2, 464. 
Atkins, sir Rob., 86, 206. 
Atkinson,Mr., feD. of Queens, 203. 



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INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS. 



969 



Athens Oxon., bp. Tanner says he 
was not concerned in the edit, 
of 1 72 1, 706. 

Atterburj, Francis^ 315. installed 
dean, 237, 244, 366, 491, 496, 

53S> 544,572* 
Aubrey, John, 204, 417. 
Austin, Will., 27. . 

Aynsworth, see Ainsworth. 

B. 
B. R., his books, 298, 924. 
Bacon, Roger, 511. 
' Bacon's, friar, study, 629. 
Bacon, Sclater, 406^ 414. 
Bacon, gammon at Dunmow, 750. 
Bagford, John, 295, 472, 488, 562. 
Baker, sir James, 593. 
Bakei', Tho., of St. John's, Camb., 

34, 268, 661, 718, 736, 737, 738, 

794,836. 
Baker, Tho., of Ch. Ch., 836. 
Baker, Will., of St. John's Cambr., 

836. 
Baker, Will., bp. of Bangor, 527. 
Baker's chronicle, 241. 
Bale, John, 8j6, 870. Vocacyon 

of, 698. 
Bela83rse, Rowland, 899. 
Balfee, 138. 
Ballads, old, collections of, 226, 

385, 562, 952. See also Bind- 

ley's Sale Catalogue, 1820; 

Chappell's " Popular Music of 

the Olden 'Hme" 5 and a list of 

a coUectioU now on sale by J. 

Russell Smith of Soho square. 
Ballard, Geo., 596, 662, 741, 811. 
BaDiol college, dedsion on the 

mastership, 656. 
Balzac, 929. 
Banbury, John, 642. 
Banbury cake8,2i8. epitaph at,5 12. 
Bandinel, Dr., dedication, 847. 
Barbour, Jeffrey, 643, 646. 
Barlow, Tho., 50,202, extract from 

his remains, 888, 921. 
Bamabee's journal, 596. 
Barnard, Rob., 941. 



Barnes, Joshua, 106, 107. dies, 
267, 816. letter from Heame to 
his widow, 924. 

Barnes the waggoner, 755. 

Barwick, life o^ 548. 

BaskerviDe family, 457, 668. 

Baskerville volume, 963. 

Bateman, Chtist., 464, 596. 

Bateman Mr., his sermon, 754. 

Bath, 760. 

Bathurst, sir Benj., 74. 

Baxter, Rich., 110, 450, 495. * 

Bteufort, Henry duke of, dies, 304. 

Bedell hall, where, 320. 

Bedford, Hilkiah, 386, 547, 854. 

Bedford, Tho., .854. 

Bedminster near Bristol,'833. 

Bedsteads, of iron, 786. 

Begbrook, 394. 

Bend, sir Anthony, his wiH, 119. 

Benson, Martin, 472, 864. 

Bentinck family, 832. 

BenUey, Rich., 208, 691, 756. 

Berkshire, Hist, of, Ashmole's,422. 

Bernard, Charles, his death, 207, 

334. 

Bernard, Francis, 207, 208. 

Besils of Besils Leigh, 643. 

Best, Mr., stands f>r Bailie^ head- 
ship, 656. 

Bever, John, Ckron., 804, 834. 

Beza, Theod., his aocoutft of Hugh 
Broughton, 361. 

Bible, Latin, 1462, 535. 1535, 16. 
Field's, 517. Bishops', 461. 

Bigg. John, his shoe, 281. 

Bilstone, John, 712, 762, 900. 

Binsey, 392. 

Birkhead, Henry, 137. 

Bisse, Edw., 812. 

Black acts, 464, 964. 

Blackmore, sir lUch. 133, 371, 
502, 851. 

Bladen, 394. 

Blake's oak, 528, 541, 552. 

Blechingdon, 627. 

Blenheim house, 46, 98, 374, 456. 

BUss, Philip, his opinion and re- 



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970 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATPERS 



grets on the state of modern 
.Oxf(»d,88o. 
Blome, Richard, 67. 
Blomefield, Francis, 800. 
Bloody court, 96a. 
Blount's Boscobel, 706. 
Bobart, lllleman, 577. 
Bodleian library, 70, 388, 543, 59 1 . 
Boleshipton, 541. 
Bolingbrook, lord, 367, 433, 495. 
Bolton, concerning Nero Cseaar, 

299, 306. 
Bonfire, the, 41. 
Bonnell, James, his life by W. 

Harrington, 37. 
Books sell cheap, 490, 846. 
Bookseller's bill, 865. 
Boothe, Caiolus, 93. 
Borde, Andrew, 799, 833, 836. 
Borlace,thehigh,783,784,835,837. 
Borstal house, 531. 
Bossuet, J. B., 53. 
Bouchier, Roger, 600. 
Bowles, Joseph, 683, 711. 
Bowles, Dr., 134. 
Bowyer, sir Wm., 791. 
Braboum, Dr., 636. 
Bracegirdle, Mrs., 58. 
Bradshaw, Tho., 873. 
Brasenose college, ale verses, 100. 
Brasenose quadrangle, 670. 
Braechams, plaids, 533. 
Bremicham will, 538, 590. 
Breton, Rob., 516. 
Brewers, their bad ccmduct, 743, 

743- 
Brewer's lane in Oxford, 575. 

Bridall, lieut., 763. 

Bridges, John, his sale, 583. his 

copy of the black arts, 464, 964. 
Bright, Benj. H., 953. 
Bristol, the city's refusal to give 

up the bells to k. Ch. I., 391. 
Britannia on Chas. II. coins from 

the duchess of Richmond, 416. 
Britton, Thomas, small coal man, 

339- 
Bromc, Adam dc, 673. 



Brome's Ad&m chapel, 777. 
Brome, Will., 538, 734. 
Brome, Tho., 846. 
Bromley WilL, loses the speaker- 
ship, 43. his travds ridiculed, 

43. verses to 45, 481. 
Broughton, Hugh, 76, his maps 

rare, 133,361. 
Browne, Edw., 780. 
Browne, Chas., 853. 
Browne, sir Tho., 378. 
Bruno, Jordanus, his Roma trum- 

phante, its rarity &c., 334, 460. 
Bucer, Martin, 714. 
Buchanan's epigrams, MS. by 

Charles I., 139. 
Buckingham, duke of, 53. 
Bugg, Francis, the quaker, 98. 
Bulkeley, sir Richard, 148. 
Bullein, Will., 448. 
BuUingdon Green, 697. 
Bunjran, John, 488. 
Burges, Cornelius, 67. 
Burgess, Daniel, 187. 
Burghers, Mich., 639, dies, 886. 
Burials, ancient mode of, 360,534. 
Burlington, earl of, 834. 
Burnet, bp., 35, 736, 737, 808, 

8i3, 818. 
Burnett's son Tho. 350, 819. 
Burrowes, 775. 
Bnrslam, Mr., of Magd., 763. 
Burton, Edw., 841. 
Burton, John, 569. 
Burton, Rich., or Rob., a fictitious 

name, 398. 
Burton, Robert, Anat. of Mel., 

388, '^96, 797. 
Butier, Edw., 711, 713, 758, 849. 
Bury, Rich., bp. of Durham, 70. 
Busby, Richard, 113. 

C. 
Caesar, Clarke's, 35a 
Caius, Dr., 706. 
Calanus, 9, 10. 
Calvert, Bened. Leonard, 380,453, 

JP4, 618, 766. 
vert, George, 76. 



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AND NAMES. 



971 



Calvin, 3 18. 

Cambden, William, 312. 

Cambridge, Mr. Weal's account 

of, 661. 
Camelianua, Pet. 84. 
Camisars come to Oxford, 147. 
Cambridge not sooldas Oxford,34. 
Campanalogia, 830. 
Capgrave'a Legends Sanctorum, 

Captives, foundation for the re- 

^demption of, 649. 
Carfax church, 661, 681. 
Carmen equivocum, 353. 
Caroline, queen, 705. 
Carr, Nich. 605. 
Carte, Tho., 485. 
Carter, Geo., prov. of Oriel, 546. 
Carter, Will., printer, 35. 
Casaubon, Extract from, 117, 833. 

ScaUger's opinion of, 318. 

Cassington, 504. 

Castelio, 489. 

Catalogues, 486. 

Catharine ball, Camb., 843. 

Catherall, Randall, 707. 

Catling, Christ., 70. 

Cave, Dr., Hist. lit., 70. 

Caulton, Tho., 764. 

Causes of Decay of Christian 

Rcty, 107, 740, 765. 
Caxton's Chronicle, 535. 
Cecil, lord Burleigh, 405. 
Certain Queries by Roman Cath. 

861. 
Chapel ded. to the Virgin, 446. 
Chapell, Sam., 858. 
Character of a primitive bishop, 

864. 
Charlbury, vicarage of disputed, 

636. 
Charles I, king, 348, 335, 3SO,lo8, 

what led to his ndn, 749. 

Charles II., natural son born in 

Oxon., 723. 
' riddle by, 107, 113. saying 

by, 133. letter by, 139, 385, 

338, 381 . his successor, 548,706. 



Charlett, Arthur, 168, 961. some 

account of, 319, 345, 370, 590, 

617,911. 
Chaucer, 331. supposed songs by, 

369,399. 
Cherry, Francis, 89, 393, JB33. 

his MSS. 138, 899. 
Cherry, Sam., 833. 
Cherry, Thomas, his death, 114, 

333. 
Cherry family, 833. 
Chichester inscription, 533. 
Chishull, Edm., 683. 
Christ Church meadow, 687. . 

buildings at, 85, 86. 

Christianity as old as the creation, 

answer to, 771. 
Church, alarms at, 419. 
Churches, eariy, small, 392. 
Church lands, Chas. I.'s vow con- 
cerning, 799. 
Churches, demolished, in Oxford, 

801. 
Church wardens' oath, 755. 
Churchill, Arabella, 839. 
Churchill, admiral, 48. 
Clapham, John, his hist, of Great 

Britain, 755. 
Clarendon's Rebellion, 51, 329. 

illustrated copy, 416, 717. 
Clarendon, lord, reflections on by 

Wood, 204. 
Clark, the posture master, 349. 
Clarke, (jeo., 219, 481, 770. ' 
Clarke, Sam., 816. 
Cleavdand, John, 341. 
Cleveland,duohess of,38 1,383,399. 
Clements, Hen., 737, 811, 867. 
Clergy wear gowns, 437. 
Clothall hospital anddi^>el, Herts, 

737. 
(^cero de Orat. Dauphin, 582. 
Coaches, 553. 
Cobham library, 692. 
Coc, Margaret, 745. 
Cockman, Dr. John, 619. 
Cockman, Tho., 619, 666,667, 

782, 789. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



97ft 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS 



Cknns, account of, 41, 606. 
Cole, Benj., dies, 710. 
Colcby, Dixon, 733. 
Colet,John, 126,607. 
Colleges, &c., granted to k. Hen. 

VIU. 197. 
—— graces used in theseveral,907. 
CoUcy, Jonathan, of Ch. Ch., 600. 

reprimanded by the dean, and 

why, 66s, 757- 

Colfior's dictionary, writers in, 14. 

Collier, Jeremy, 133,371. 

Colton, of Milton, 806. 

Compton, bp. Henry, 57. 

Conduit, John, 661. 

Coningsby, Greo., preaches an of- 
fensive sermon, 636. 

Connock, lUchard, log. 

Conybcare, John, 771, 773, 

Constable, Mr., 810. 

Cooke, sir Tho., 617. 

Cope, Anne, 835. 

Copieofaletter, 895. 

Cordeli, sir Wm., 717. 

Combury, lord, his death, 383. 

Cornish Tom, pretends to fly, 333. 

Comwallis, Mrs., 316. 

Conellis, Fred., 436. 

Corsellis, John, 437. 

Cortex Pemvianus, 677. 

Coryate's Crudities, 598. 

Costar, Lawrence, 873. 

Cotta, John, 787. 

CottreU, sir Clement, 839. 

Cotton library, 756. 

Coyerdale, 858. 

Counterfeit medals and colophons, 

, 849- 

Cowper, made lord keeper, 39. 
Cowper,sir W., dies, his char., 1 15. 
Cox, shr Richard, 131. 
Coxhead, Dr., 838. 
Cowley, Abraham, I03, ^63, 688, 

931. 
Cranmer, abp., 707, 708, 709. 
Craven, Rob., dies, 513. 
Crawford of Balliol, 687. 
Creations in the Theatre, 100. 



Creech, Tho., 583, 608. 
Crew, bp., 70. his wife, 470. 
Cripplegate, eminent men buried 

there, 397. 
Critical review of buildings in 

Lond., 834. 
Cromwell, Oliver, letter from, 437, 

55o» 5<Sj» 79<5- 
Cromwell, Richard, his death, 361, 

438. his daughters, 434. 
Crouch, Nath., the bookseller, 

398» 935. 

Crowley, Rob., the printer, 396. 

Crynes, Nath., 848. 

Cube of three, a toast, 89. 

Cudgell-play,'50i. 

Curl, Edmund, 370,583, 703, 856. 

Cutt-hedge tale, 603. 
D. 

Dale of the Heralds' college, 67. 

Dale, Mr., of King's coll., Cambr., 
688. 

Dalton, Tlio., I3i. 

Dancing, 360. 

Daniel, Mr., his ballads, 953. See 
a catal. of them in the London 
illustr. News for Aug. 1856; as 
well as one privately printed 
(35 copies only) "an Eliia- 
bethan Garland." 

Dartmouth, lord, 301. 

Davenant, sir Will., 146. 

Davenport, John M., 378. 

Davies, John, of Kidwelly, 61. 

Davila, Hist, of France, 54. 

Davis, Charles, bookseller, Heame 
has a bad opinion of him, 703, 

839- 
Dewes, sir Simon, 738. 
Days, John, the printer, satyrical 

lines on, 379. 
Degrees in the univ., 378. 
Denison, Mr., of Univ. coll., 666. 
Denniston, Walter, 303. 
De Foe, Dan^ 45. 
Denton Court, Oxon., 673. 
Denyse, William, 356. 
Dining, hour of, 771. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



973 



Ditchley house^ 381. Hearne's 

viait to^ 390. 
Dtyinity, books in, reoommeiided, 

a33- 

Dobyns, Robert, 78. 

Dodwell, Henry, ao. his notion 
of the toul, 95, 133. his death, 
337, 230, 336, 34a, 393, 576. 

DodweU, Hen., son of the former, 

DodweU, William, 673. 
Doilley, sir Rob., 663. 
Domesday book, 684. 
Don Quixote, 944. 
Dorobemia, 685. 
Dorrington, 27. 
Downes, Theoph., 387. 
Drake, James, 3. hu works, 4, 

11,47- 

Draper, Mr., a compiler of Eng- 
lish history, 933. 

Drury, Anthony, executed, 610. 

Dryden, John, 53. ejntaph on, 
133, 610. 

Dabartas, 944. 

Dudley, duke of Northumb., 715. 

Dudley's memoirs, 47. 

Du-Gain reflects upon k.Will., 133. 

Dugdale, sir WiU.,307. his works, 

437»46i.645. 

Dunch, Edmund, and the old fa- 
mily of, 429. 

Dunmow, gammon of bacon, 750. 

Durham, ancient rites of, 60. 

Durham coU. gate, 775. 

Dyer, Rich., 204. 

Dyke, sir Tho., 619. 

Dyson, Humphrey, ^8. 
£• 

E for I used by the ancients, 207. 

Earbury, Matt. 474. 

East bridge, 629. 

East India company's motto, 85. 

Earle, Hen., 122. 

Eater, great, 44^, 447- 

Eaton boys flogged for not smok- 
ing, 450. 

Echard, Laur.,387,462,801, 803. 



Eclipse, 336. 

Edgehill fight, 551. 

Edinburgh castle, 793. 

Edmund haU, account of, 254. 

Edmunds, Hen., 713. 

Edward Confessor, 253. 

Egyptians, mourn their kings, 320. 

^ections,yarious in the univ., 615. 

Elizabeth, queen, a book of her's, 
105, 139,901. verses on, 134. let- 
ter from, 144. her vanity, 378. 

Ellis, Will., 38. 

EUiAon, Cuthbert, 418. 

Elstob, Elis. and Will., 166. 

Elsevir editions, 933. 

Ensham abbey, loi. 

Epidemic, 772. 

Erasmus, 126. 

Etymologicon magnum, 871. 

Evans, Mr., his sermon, 69. 

Evelyn, John, 265. 

Eugene, prince, 116. 

EusUce, Edward, 554. 

Eutychius' annals of the ch. 15. 

Execution in France, 540. 

Exeter college, fire at, 177. 

Exeter coD., 846. 

Exhibitions by lady Holford. 446. 

Eyston, Charles, 475. letter &t>m, 
476, 586. 

F. 

Fabian's chron., 461. 

-Fabricius, Albert, letter from, to 
Dr. Hudson, 19. 

Facio, 149. 

Faithorne, Will., 379, 

Falstaff*, sir John, 337, 459, 462. 

Faringdon, church warden's oath, 

753- 
Fashion, of foUowing the, ^48. 
Fell, John, 238, 377, 736, 773. 
Felton, Henry, verses by, 132. 
Fenton, Ehjah, 807. 
Fermyn, Tho., auUior of hist, of 

Unitarians, 86. 
Ferry, Tho., 770. 
FestivaU, the, 517. 
Fiddcs, Dr. Rich., 468. 560. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



974 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS 



Field's Bibles, 517. 

Figg, James, the prise fighter, 85a. 

Fillian, the engraver, 379. 

Fineh, Leopold Wm., 65. 

Fire in Chdford, 177, on London 
bridge, 573, at Devonshire 
house, 787, 790. 

Fits-James, James, 839. 

Frtz-Wittiams, Dr., 358. 

Flamstead, John, 353. 

Fleetwood, sir Gerard, 954. 

Flogging, 602, 965. 

Flttctibns, Rob. de, 873. 

Fluyd, Rob., commended by Sel- 
den, 533. 

Fontane, 833. 

Forbes, Mr., reftmes to drink to 
wm. m., 138. 

Foster, Tho., the Pretender's ge- 
neral, 469. 

Fox, John, 99, his Book of Mar- 
tyrs, 556, 640. 

Franciscans, 585. 

Francfort upon Oder, 100. 

Fraser, phys. to Gh. II., versee by, 

"3- 

Freebaime, king's printer of Scot- 
land, 503. 

Frewin, Dr. Richard, speaks over 
dean Aldrich's grave, 313, and 
at dean Atterhury's installation, 

338. 
Frideswide, St., 6o3. 

fair, 731. 

Friend, Dr. John, 39, 459, 688, 

835. 
Friend, Rob., 573, 773, 816. 
Frinsham, Henry, 939. 
- Fuller, Will, 48. 
Fynes, James, 713. 
Fysher, Rob., 713. 
G. 
Gale, Roger, 571. 
Gale, Samuel, 548. 
Gandy, Mr., 169. 
Garden, Dr. James, 417. 
Gardiner, Bernard, 444. 
Garrett, Walter, 361. 



Garth, Dr., 383. 

Gascoigne, Tho., 31, 390. 

Gratcoigne's Dictionarium Tbeol. 

' 700. 

Gastrel, Francis, 578. 

Gasette, 133. 

George I., king, 310, 311, 316, 

disrespectfully mentioned, 331. 
George II., king, 808. 
George III., king, a collector of 

books, 614. 
George, Saint, 173. 
drermany, travelling in, 533. 
Gibson, James, 684, 734. 
Gibson, Matth., 815. 
Gibson, Dr. Edmund, 434, 771. 
Giffard, Francis, 340, 343. 
Gilbert, Tho., 730. 
Oilman, Mr., touched for the evil, 

681. 
Gladstone, rt. hon. W. E., letter 

to, 880. 
Glastonbury, 393, 407, 435. 
Gloucester hall and Worcester 

coll. 617. 
Godolphm, lord, dismissal of, 

305. 
Godwin de prKsulibus, 438. 
Golafre, sir John, 644. 
Goodwin's Redemption redeemed, 

48. 
Grole's case, 811, 837. 
Goodwin, John, 889, 894. 
Gordon, Patrick, 734. 
Grabe, Em. 88, 135, 357, 631, ac- 
count of, 709, 868. 
Graces, 313, copies of the variouR, . 

907- ^ 
Grafton, RiciT, 707. 
Grammatical Exceptions, 685. 
Grandpont bridge, 639. 
Granger, Tho., 595. 
Gravel, core of, 860. 
Graves, Rich., of Mickleton, 702. 
Grater alias Chapell, Sam., 858. 
Gray, Henry, duke of Norfolk, 

715- 
Gray, lady Jane, 714. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



97* 



Ckursiiigton, 785. 
Greek (^rammar^ 815. 
(jreena way , sir Oliver, -719. 
Gregory, Edm., 14, 133. 
Grey's, Dr., books, 710. 
Griffin, lord, dies, 309. 
Grig, merry as a, 804. 
Grosthead, Robert, 86. 
Grymbald, St., 588. 
Gi^Uim's Heraldry, 67. 
Gunpowder plot, 5i(>. 
Guy of Warwick, 83a. 
Gwyn, Edw. Prideauz, 304, 833. 
Gw3m, Francis, 831. 

H. 
Hadrian wore a beard, 37a. 
Haines, Edward, 368, 
Hale, sir Matthew, judge, 98, 450, 

708. 

Hales, sir James, 716. 

Hall's Chronicle, 487. 

Halley, Edm., 48, 336, 483. 

Halstead, Rob., 614. 

Hamilton, duke, visits the Bod- 
leian, 340, 373, his death, 374. 

Hammond, Edward, 366. 

Hanunond, Dr. John, 493. 

Hanbury, Dr., 865. 

Handel comes to Oxford, 778- 
. 780. 

Harbin, Geo., 387. 

Harding, Joseph, 953. 

Hardonin not truthful, 91. his 
Epitaph, 789. 

Hardyng's Chronicle, 413. 

Harley, Rob., earl of Oxford, 43, 
see Oxford. 

Harleian library, 738. 

Harris, Rob., 480, 960. 

Harrison, chapl. of Ch. Ch.,6Ti. 

Harrison, Will., 836. 

Hart hall, 845. 

Hats, 537. 

Hawkesworth, Robert, 369. 

Headington> antiquities found 
near, 173. the property sold, 

578- 
Heame, Tho., pleased at being 



invited by Atterbury, 339. his 
persecution, 383. letters from, 

377»292,58o»58<5,597»^6> ^39^ 
840, 883, 884, 885, 901, 905, 
933. his works rise in value^ 
304. his^chariee in danger, 369. 
portrait of, 480. assists many 
authors, 635. does not like to 
lend his books, 686. suspected 
of frequenting conventicles, 721 . 
good judge of ringing, 818,843. 
his love of a humble life, 80^. 
some account of these volumes 
and their source, 877. short 
memoirs of the autlM>r, with 
remarks on his principles, 878, 
881. his death, 885. MSS. and 
library, 885. his portraits, 886. , 
his annoyance on account of 
the publication of the oath of 
allegiance, 900. 

Helwys, Thomas, works by, 11. 

Henry I, king, 99. 

Henry V, king, 4, 130, 734. his 
chamber at Queen's, 638. 

Henry VII no title to the crown, 

134- 

Henry VIII, king, on articles, 
139. his collar of mbiss, 351* 

Hephsestion, 585. 

Hereditary Right, account of the 
book, 387. 

Hereford Missal, 699. 

Heyman, John, 369. 

Heyward, Edward, 873. 

Heywood,' Dr., 864. 

Heywood's Comment, upon Mer- 
lin, 939. 

Hickeringill, 134. 

Hickes, Dr. Geo., 37,168,169,318. 
his death, 355, 358, 430, 783, 
799,869. 

Hickes, John, 860. 

Hieronymus de Fide 1468, 861. 

Higden, Will., 154, 167, 169. 

Historians compared, 933. 

History of the Court of Poland, 6, 

Hoadley, Benj., 838, 843* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



976 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS 



Hobbat, Tho., 53, 54. 45i* 
Hodget, elected provoit ci Oriel, 

676,671. 
Hoffman, 38. 
Hody, Humph., ao, 63 1 . 
Holbein, Hans, 813. 
Holdsworth of Magd., 443. 
Holford, lady, 444. 
Holland, FhUemon, 535. 
Hollar, Wenc., 691,613. 
Holling8hed*8 chronicle, 413, 

500. 
Hohnea, Geo., 693, 703. 
Hohnet, Will., 853, 854. 
Holt, chief justice, 396. 
Holy Darid, &c„ cleared, 857. 
Holywell church and yard, 637. 

parish, 800. 
Homer, bust of, 491 . 
Honywood, Michael, 153. 
Hooke, 659. 

Hooker, Rich., monument to, 1 15. 
Hooper, bp., 578. 
Horns, drinking, 418. 
Horsepath bells, 785. 
Horses, price of, 604. 
Horsley, chosen derk of St. Mar- 
tin in the Fields, 619. 
Hough, bp., John, 357, 855. - 
Howard, Henry, 83. 
Howe's, Josias, Mr., red letter 

sermon, 318, 439. account of 

bim, 439, 958. 
HoweU, Lawrence, 861. 
Howell's Synopsis Can., 138. 
Huddesford, Geo., 758, 786. 
Huddleston, £ikther, 706. 
Hudson, John, 14. letter to, firom 

Fabricius, 19. from Zacagnius, 

46,48,811,838,935. 
Hudson, Margaret, 838. 
Hudson, Mich., 409. 
Humane reason, Obs. on, 59. 
Humfrey's, Duke, library, 693. 
Hutohins, Hugh, 859. *" 

Hunting disUches, 397. 
Huchion, John, 643. 
Hyde, Tho., 408, 835. 



Hymn to the Virgin fork. Henry 

V.4. 
Hyppolitus, or Josepbus, extract 

from, 39* 

I. 

Ibbetson, Rich., I3i. 

Index tibr. proldb. 1614, I3. 

Indifferent, Will., 38. 

Indulgence, 193. 

Inoculation, 465. 

Irish scholars in Oxford, 671. 

Isham, Bus., 760. 

Isham, sir Justinian, 787,870. 

Isla, lord, 865. 

Isis, rightly so called, 313. 

Islip, 708. 

J. 

James I., king, 74, 3o6, 433. 

James II., king, 347. his children, 

James the Third, (so called,) 317, 
235. 240, 330» 333- priPt of, 
333> 348, 3<^7. 492* 503. 595- 

James, Richard, verses by, 9. 

James, St., 99. 

Jebb, lives written by, 665. 

Jenkins, Henry, dies at 169 years 
old, 173. 

Jenkins, judge, 304. 

Jenner, Tho., elected Margaret 
prof., 676^ 

Jerry at Godstow, 605. 

Jews m Oxford, 663, 785. 

Jodrell, Paul, 771. 

John, king, 838. 

Johnson, John, 857, 863, 863. . 

Johnson, Lawrence, 873. 

Johnson, Nath., 808. 

Jones, John, 873. 

Jorden, WUl., 686. 

Joyner, WiUiam, 3,51, 347, 746. 
K. 

K. P., i.e. Philip King, 931, 946- 

Keil, John, 465. 

Keith, George, 6. 

Ken, Tho., 318, 551. 

Kennett, White, has 300/. for the 
Hist, of Engl., I4i»37i- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



977 



Kerr, John, memoirs of, 635. 

Kettlewell's Works and Life, 420. 

Kidd, llio., 821. 

Kidlington, 489. 

Kidner, Tho., 486. 

Kilbume, WiUiam, on Field's 
Bibles, 517, in which note o, 
read Kilbume for Lilbume. 

King, sir Edm., 171. 

King, sir Peter, 700. 

King, Philip, 300, 928. 

King, Williiam, 276, 693. 

King, pr. of St. Mary hall, 481. 

Kingston upon Thames, chapel 
falls, 722. 

Kingsale, lord, visits Heame, 544. 

Kirle, the man of Ross, 773, 814, 

815. 

Kirtleton, 489. 

Kitcat dub, 70. 

KneDer, sir Godfrey, 54, 824. 

Knight's lives of Colet and Eras- 
mus, 607. 

Knightley, 788. 

Knott, Nath., 741. 

Kuster's Aristophanes, 171. 

Kynaston, sir Fran., 220. 
L. 

Lamb, lady of the, 489. 

Langbaine, Gerard, 699. 

Lancaster, Dr. Will., 219, 618. 

Langhom, Daniel, 241. 

Languages,modem, professorships 
of, 659. 

Lardner, Tho., one of the pre- 
tended prophets, 148. 

La Roche, 581, 607. 

Latimer and Ridley, 789. 

Latymer, Hugh, 707, 708. 

Laud, abp., 51, 139. his speech 
in the Star Chamber, noted on 
by abp. Williams, 155, 165, 205. 
enemy to the Roman cath., 266, 

775- 
Law, degrees in canon and civil, 

853. 

Leake, John, 849. 
I^eaming, decay of, 945. 



Lee, sir Henry, 383, 399, 404, 954. 

Leek, why worn, 735. 

Legg, ooL, gov. of Oxford, 762. 

Legge, Dr., 707. 

Leicester, earl of, 950. 

Leycester's Commonwealth, 47»54> 
895^-899. 

Leigh, Theoph., 656, 676, 784. 

Legenda sanctorum, 699. 

Le Neve, John, 407. 

Leland's Antiq. and Collect., in- 
creased value of, 304. large 
paper of it in, 696. 

Letter, private, on departed souls, 

57- 

Leofric's missal, 855. 

Lesley, 21, 23, 41, 169. 

Levins, baptist, 855. 

Lewis, B., 768. 

Lewis, Edw., 838,. 

Lewis of Margate, 473. 

Lichfield, Charlotte, lady,38i,383. 

LiDy, William, 353. 

Lilly's Grammar, 684. 

Little, Francis, 645. 

Llhuyd> Edw., writes lives for 
Collier, 14. his char., loi, 204. 

Lloyd, Rob., 872. 

Uoyd, Will., bp. of Norwich, 186. 

Locke, John, 1 5. good char. of,355 . 

Locke, John, his principles, 850. 

•Locke on the Underst. abridged, 
839, 850. 

Loggan, David, 630. 

London, buildings of, 216. deser- 
tion of mi 72 1,479. fireof, 786. 
name, 810. 

Longolius, Christ., i. 

Longinus by Tollius, praised, 208. 

Lord's Prayer by WicUff, 146. 

Lorraine, duke of. Ordered to re- 
move the pretender, 287. 

Lovelace, lord, 251. 

Lydall, Robert, 365, 676. 

Lydiatt, Tho., 96. 

Lyne, John, 870. 

Lyserus, Job., 57. 

LyUleton, Geo., lord, 965. 
3r 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



978 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS 



M. 

Macartney, general, 273, 374. 

Macmur, an Irish rebel, 181. 

Madden, sir Fred., 953. 

Magdalen bridge, 629. 

Magd. coll., 763, 764, 768, 804. 

coUege walk, 503. oak, 529. 

Magliabecchj, 549, 594. 

Maidwell, Lewis, 768. 

Man, whole Duty of— the author, 
108. See Whole Duty, &c. 

Manaton, Pierce, ^47. 

Margaret professorship, 676. 

Marlboroug]i, duke of, attacks the 
French, 11. dines with the lord 
mayor, 115. fights at Mons, 152. 
wiUi his masons, 456. his fu- 
neral, 484. 

Sarah, duchess of, 68, 78. 

Mattaire, Michael, 569, 571, 696. 

Marlow in Bucks, 485. 

Marriage, curious, between two 
deaf and dumb, 601. 

Marry, sir ! an invocation to the 
Virgin, 520. 

Martin, Gregory, account of, 25, 
898. 

Martins, St., in the fields, 619. 

Martins le grand, 708. 

Martyn, John, 764. 

Mary L, queen of Engl., 103. 

Mary, daughter of James II., 412. 

Mary, queen of Scots, 280, 592. 

Mary, St., church, 819,731 . 

MaaoB, sir John, 646, 648. his 
epitaph on sir Tho. Wyatt, 402. 

Mason, or Masson, John, 869. 

Mass, way of hearing, 819. 

Massey, dean of Ch. Ch., 558. 

Massey, Middleton, 786, 838. 

Massinger, Philip, 942. 

Matthews, Tho., 858. 

Maud, empress, 99. 

Maunsell, Andrew, 794, 795. 

Mawson, Dr., 864. 

Maynard, Edw., 856. 

Mayne, Jasper, 504. 

Mayor of Oxford, attempt to per- 



suade him to proclaim the pre- 
tender, 312. 

Mayors, letter sent to several, 289. 
lord Oxford's letter on it, 290. 

Mead, Mrs., defended, 436. 

Mead, Dr. Rich. 382, 436, 564, 
568. 

Medley, 393, 694. 

Memorial of the ch. of England, 
2,6,8,11,22,24,41. 

Memoirs of literature, 581. 

Merelynch, John, 834. 

Merton ooU. custom, 753. 

Merton walks, 503. 

Muscipula, by Lewis, 768, 

Musiok, 935. 

Muskham, Will., 627. 

Middleton, Conyers, 733, 860. 

Mill, Dr. John, 40, 243, 590, 617, 
621, 625. 

Millemet, Walter de, 1 1 1 . 

Milles, Tho., bp. of Waterford, 58, 

85c. 
Millington, Ed., the auctioneer, 

506,718.851. 
Milton, John, 2. did not die a 

papist, 109, 755. 
Minstrels well paid, 646. 
Mirrour for magistoites, 8. 
Missals, Engl., 699. 
Mocket, Dr., 875. 
Modem history professorship, 

636> ^59- 
Mohocks, the, 249. 
Mohun, lord, killed, 273. 
Molyneux, Will., 850. 
Monastic orders, 202. 
Monk, general, 338, 435, 561. 
Mons, battle of, 152. 
Monument, the, 252. 
Moore, John, bp. of Ely, 12. 
More, John, no idiot, 71. 
More, sir Tho., 746, 952. 
Morgan, Tho., 435. 
Mortality, great in Lond., 721. 
Moscovitici Fasti, 213. 
Moseley, Charles, 836. 
Moyle, Walter, 607. Ws work8,635. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



979 



Murder, horrid, in France, 507. 

the murderers executed, 540. 
Murray, John, 562, 564, 595, 860, 

869. 

N. 
Narborough, sir John, lost, 133. . 
Needham, Peter, 833. 
Neile, Tho., 534. 
Nelson, Robert, 321, 799. 
Nevil, archbp., his inUironization, 

183. 

New college, ancient site of, 653, 

new door-way, 828. 
Newcome, Henry, 756. 
Newland, Dr., of Magd., 758. 
Newton, sir Isaac, 553, 620, 657, 

660. 
Newton, Rich., 277, 546, 844, 874. 
Nibb, chosen assistant, 769. 
Niblett, Steph., 676. 
Nicholson, WiD., bp. 487, 648, 

811,839. 
Nicoll, John, 772. 
Nicoll, Will., 964. 
Nonjurors, 738, 781, 847. 
Non-such palace, 342. 
Noon from nones, 225. 
Norden's, John, Cornwall, 596, 

608. 
Norris, letter to lady, on the death 

of her son, by q. Eliz., 144. 
Norris, lord, 955. 
North, George, 262. 
Northampton, Hen., earl of, 83. 
Northampton, lady, 949. 
Northampton, university removes 

to, 728. 
Northcote, near Abingdon, de- 
stroyed, 730. 
Northmore, custom at, 552. 
Northumberland, duke of, 388. 
Nottingham, lord, called dismal, 

414. 
Nunn haU, where, 320. 

O. 
Gates, Titus, 8. 
Oaths, 511, 661, 802. 
Observators, 23. 



Occleve, Tho., 222. 

Ochinus, Bern., 57. 

Oclandi Prcelia Anglorum, 378. 

Oddington, 813. 

Oldcastle, John, 3. 

Oldisworth, Will., 837, 849. 

Onslow, speaker, 756. 

Orange, prince of, 802, 805. 

Organs, 557. 

Oriel college, 465, 741. election 
of provost, 669-71. ancient al- 
lowance to fellows &c., 673. 
new building at, 688. 

Ormond, duchess of, dies, 790. 

Osney abbey, 255. dilapidations 
of, 677, 69 T. spire and bells, 
804. 

Ostrich dies, 576. 

Otho, coin of, 453. 

Overbury, sir Tho., 748. 

Oxford, antiquity of, 8, 319. arms 
of, 82. comparison of the pyra- 
mids with part of, 216. - old 
schools in, 257. fever there, 
269. riot there, 330. degrees, 
378. printing at, 426, 86 1 . hour 
of dinner /t^c, 487. siege of, 528, 
541. disputes in, 586. castle, 
662. Wm. Conq. takes away 
exhibitions, 664. new parks, 
690. printing houaie, 692. old 
Ciongregation house, 692, 740. 
scholars leave, 731. privileges, 
735. custom at Merton, 754. 
spire of All Saints' falls, 757. 
city, 729, 735. rejoicing on re- 
jection of taxes, 774. demolish- 
ed parish churches, 800. spires, 
804. St. Mary's weathercock 
falls, 819. wells in Oxford, 391. 

Oxford, lord, 290, 367, 375, 538, 
<^34»733»738,832. See Harley. 
P. 
Paddngton, sir John, 80. 
Packington, lady, 765. 
Pancake, 487. 
Panizzi, Antonio, 954. 
Panting, Matthew, 334. 

3b 2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



980 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATIERS 



Paper, tax on, 250. origin ot 301. 

making of, 414. 
Parker, Geo., curious aneodote of, 

498. his Ephemeris, 785. 
Ptoker, abp., Matth., Antiq. Brit., 

367,689,691, 706, 718. 
Parker, Rich., 6g^. 
Parkeir, Sam., of Trin., 737, 864, 

865, 900. 
Parkinson, Cuthbert, 585. 
Parliament, of whom it consisted, 

315. 
PameD, Tho., 823. 
Parr, Dr. Samuel, 964. 
Ptor, Tho., 483. 
P&rslejr, Wm. and Jane, claim 

the jSitch of bacon, 751, 
Pawons, Robert, 37, 47, 54, 895. 
IVursons, Robin, 73. 
Paston family, 618. lady Beding- 
field is, I believe, ike only sur- 
viving daughter of the last Mr. 
Paston. 
Peacham, Henry, 302, 948. 
Pearce, Rob., 40. 
Pearce, Zachary, 630. 
Pearson, Richard, 853. 
Pearson, Tho., princ. of Edm. 

hall, 134. 
Peck, Francis, anecdotes of, 600. 
Peers, Rich., 753. 
Peche, William, 488. 
Penn, William, 98. 
Pembroke coll. built, 677. 
Pembroke coll. chapel, 762. 
Pepysian library, Camb., 326,663. 
Perizonius, 343. 
Perrot, Rob., 650. 
Peterborough, Henry eari of, 614. 
Peters, Hugh, 550. 
Peter's, St., in the East, 638. 
Peter's, St., le Bailey, 674. 
Petersham, fire there, 470. 
Pett, Peter, 889. 

Phalaris, by Theo. de Rood, 793. 
Phillips, John, 825. 
Picture, ancient, ^o. 
Pierce Plowman's Crede, 539. 



Pindar, Will. 73. 

Pitcaime, Archib., 302. 

Fitt, of St. John's coU. Camb. 864. 

Pittett (? Petty), sir Wm., 41. 

Plate at Faversham, 603. the 

' reader who desires to see an 
account of the ancient plate in 
Oxford is referred to the edi- 
tor's Life of Wood, 8vo, Ox- 
ford, 1848, p. 14, 15, 16, 137. 

Plague, curious dialogue on, 448. 

Plebdan, a weekly paper, 420. 

Pliny, editions o{ the Epistles, 

377- 
Pliny, Dauphin, 582. 
Plott, Robert, 47. wants the head- 
ship of All Souls', 65. 
Plbwden, seijt., 899. 
Pooock, Edw., 15, 631. 
Poets, old English, 449. 
Poetry, professorship of, 137. 
Pole, cardinal, letter to, from 

queen Mary, 103. 
Pole, De la, John, 644. 
Polonus, Martinus, 834. 
Polygamy, 57. 
Ponet, bp., 826. 
Pontificate, 843. 
Pope the, makes concessions to 

Protestants, 554. 
Pope, Alexander, 376, 418, 694, 
807, 808, 814, 833, 836, 837, 
856. 
Porson, Rich., 831. 
Portland, duke of, 833. 
Potter, Dr. John, prints Qcmens 
Alex. 150. Heame's^ opinion of 
him, 151 » 630, 682. 
Poverty of authors, 96. 
Powel, Walter, 780. 
Powell, John, of Sandford, 484, 

669. 
Practical Grammar of the Greek, 

815. 
Prayers for the dead. 533. 
Presbyter, sir John, ludicrous 

arms of, 674. 
Prescot, Mr., of Chester, 336. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



981 



Pretender, the legitimate prince 
of Wales, 55, 287, 309. 

Price, Mr. Baron, his charge, 3o. 

Prickett, Edw., 38. 

Prideaax, Humph., 844. 

Prideanx, Amy, 831. 

Prime, a time of prayer, 335. 

Prince of Wales, depositions on 
his birth, .3 1 7. medal of, 333. 

Printer's holydays, 637. 

Printing, cost of, 136. invention 
of, 199. house, 603. early 
printers, 434, 873, 874. 

Prior, Matthew, 430, 43 1, 469, 491 . 

Programma, 683. 

Pritius, George, 19. 

Prophets, so called, come to Ox- 
ford, 147. 

Provisions, price of, 154, 183, 183. 

Prynne, Will., his publications, 

433. 533. 
Psalms, transL of, 718, 857. 
Psalms, translators of, 515. 
Psalter EngUsh, 858. 
Pullen, Joseph, 47, 193, 539. his 

tree, 577. 
Pyramids, 316. 

Q. 

Quakers, 98. 

Queen's college, new building, 
314, 457. the ancient buildings 
there, 637. election of provost, 
658. foundations of new build- 
ing, 788. 

R. 

Raby, lord, letter by, 136. 

Race, a foot, 443. 

Radcliffe, Dr. Anth., 87. 

Raddiffe, Dr. John, 55. his death, 

319- 
Radley, 668. 
Raedor rede, 513. 
Raleigh, Dr. Walter, 86. 
Raleigh, sir Walter, reason of his 

death, 115. 
Randolph, Herbert, 503. 
Randolph, Tho., 778. 
Ravensworth, Mr., 468. 



Rawlinson, Richard, reprints 
Laud's speech, 156. letter to 
377. 423. 594, 607, 834, 837. 
his account of his travels, 633, 
659, 689, 695. his income, 847, 
848. 

Rawlinson, Thomas, 155, 368. 
letters from, 383, 433, 436, 443, 
490, 563, 563, 695. his auction, 
846, 847. 

Reading Mercury, 705. 

Reasons that Catholikes &c., 34. 

Reeve, Charles, 617. 

Registers, parish, 197. 

Ringing exploits in Oxford, 775, 
793,817,830,841,875. 

Rich, Bamaby, 941. 

Richard I., k., bom at Oxon, 739. 

Richard III., king, 84. 

Richardson, John, 353, 639. 

Richmond, Charles duke of, 494. 

Richmond, dutchess of, 797. 

Ridicule, so far as it affects Reli- 
gion, 873. 

Ridley and Latimer, 789. 

Robinson, bp. of London, 464. 

Rochester, earl of, 343. his house 
burned, 470. 

Rochester's verses on k. Ch. IL, 
114. 

Rodd, Thomas, 953. 

Rogers, Nich., t3I. 

Rogers, Will., 739. 

Rogers's Bible, 858. 

Roll, account of an ancient, 193- 
197. 

Roman names of English places, 
141. 

Rosamond, fair, 549. 

Ross, man of, 773, 814. 

Roti the engraver, 796. 

Routh, Martin Joseph, 964. 

Rowe, Nich., 343. 

Rowney, Tho., 481. 

Roxburgh ballads, 337, 953. 

Roxburgh, John, duke of, 953, 
964. 

Royal Society, 747. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



982 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS 



Rundall, Dr., 838, 864. 
Rymer's Foedera, 693. 

S. 
Sacheverel of ^Denmans, ftmous 

for his skill in bells, 785. 
Sacheyerell, Henry, 84, 169, 178, 

181, 185, 187, 191, 300, 538. 
St. Amand, James, 91. 
St. John, sir Richard, 67. 
St. George, Henry, 337. 
St. George, chev., his brarery, 

I53> 463- 

Saints, bodies of very dear, 360. 

Salmon's Antiq. of Hertfordshire, 
687,689. 

Salamander, 217. 

Sale's Introduction, 775. 

Salisbury, Sally, 490, 527, 545- 

Samford, Dr., 134. 

Sancroft, Will., 48. supposed 
author of The Whole Duty of 
Man, 109. 

Sandys, Edwin, 804. 

Savile, Mr., of Merton drowned, 
285. 

Saxony, account of the monarch, 
127. 

Saxton's maps, 717. 

Sayman, Mr., 874. 

Scaliger, Joseph, i, 830. 

Scaliger's grandmothor a writer, 
140. his high opinion of Cal- 
vin, 218, 247. 

Schisme, Treatise oU H* ^• 

Schools in Oxford, various, 257- 
260. 

Schydyard Street, 683. 

Scotland, union of, with Engl., 28. 

Scrope, John, 815. 

Seals in wax, first used by Edw. 
Conf., 253. 

Seaman, Lasarus, his books mM, 
486. 

Sebright, Mr., and his party mur- 
dered, 507. 's> 

Sebright, rir Tho., 717. 

Seeker, archb. 782. 

Seckworth, village of, 675. 



Sefton, Mr., a non-juror, 348. 
Selden, John, i, 2, 15, 53, 450, 

53a> 631, 872. 
Seller, Abr., 70. 
Sentences on walls of churches, 

719. 
Sermon, remarkably short one,488. 
Shakespeare and Davenant, 146. 
Shakspeare's Merry Wives of 

Windsor, 942. 
Shakespeare by Theobald, 821, 

827. 
Sheffer, Peter, 874. 
Sheldon, Ralph, 484- 
Shepheard, Geo., 713. 
Sherlock, 843. 
Shippen, Rob., 713. 
Shippen, William, sent to the 

Tower, 384. 
Shirley, Benj., 718. 
Shovell, sir Cloudesiey, lost, 132, 
Shrewsbury, duke of, marries, 37. 

142. 
Shrove Tuesday, 487, 555. 
Shurle, John, 38. 
Silvester, 944. 
Sleepers, seven, 593. 
Sloane, sir Hans, 786. 
Slyngsbye, sur W., 743. 
Smabridge, bp., 333. 
Smith, John, 720. 
Smith, Rich., his collection of 

books, 317. 
Smith, capt. Rag, 184. 
SmiUi, Dr. Tho., died, 198. leaves 

Heame his papers, 199. 
Smith, John, elected speaker of 

house of commons, 42. 
Smoking, 450, 504. 
Snape, Andrew, 437. 
Snow, deep in 1709, 143. 
Solen, 842. 
Somerset, eari of, his marriage 

with lady Essex, 750. 
Somerset, lord Chas., dies, 191. 
Somner's Dictionary, 581. 
Sotheby, James, 563. 
Sotheby, Sam. Leigh, 953. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



983 



Souls, departed, 57> 95- 

South, Dr., 68. his death, 365, 

370- 
Southampton, steeple at, thrown 

down, 791. 

Southsea bubble makes money 
scarce, 479. 

Spanish match, 748. 

Speakership of h. of c, contest 
for, 42. 

Spectator, the, alludes to Oxford, 
219, 720. 

Speed, John, 77, his Chron., 933. 

Spelman, sir Henry, 21. his li- 
brary sold, 171. 

Spendelowe^ Roger, his account 
of a horrid murder, 508. 

Sprat, 688. 

Stanley, sir William, 950. 

Stapylton, Miles, 90. 

Steele, sir Richard, 122, 219, 303, 
720. 

Stanislaus, account of king, 130. 

Stephen, k., 199. 

Statues on the Clarendon, 380. 

Stephens, Edward, and list of his 
works, 59-64, 450, 708. 

Stewart, sir James, 385. 

Stews, the, 296. 

Stillingfleet, bp., 617. 

Stone, Mr., of Wadham, 792. 

Stone, William, founds a hos- 
pital, 519. 

Stonehouse, Anne, 791. 

Stonehouse, sir John, 66S, 

Stowe, John^ 707. 

Statutes of the univ., purity of, 
782. 

Stradling, William, 419. 

Strafford, earl of, his death pro- 
cured by perjury, 121. 

Stratford, Dr., of Ch. Ch., aug- 
ments the students' places, 755. 

Strathmore, lord, 367, 370. 

Streat, Rich., 516. 

Strype, John, 28, 682. 

Stubbe, Henry, 416. 

Stukeley, William, 485, 542. 



Stuart &mily, 476. 
Stuart, John, 595. 
Sunderland, lord, 200, 964. 
SunningweD, custom at, 555. 
Surfeit, the, 300. rq>rinted entire, 

928. 
Swinford, Catharine, 134. 
Sydenham, sir Philip, 435, 584, 

836. 
Symon, Father, 90. 



Tabor, the, 249. 
Tack, verses on, 38. 
Tanner, Tho., 526, 794. 
Taverns in Oxford, 1636, 210. 
Tarantula, 216. 
Tax on literature, 687. 
Taxes refused, 774. 
Tayler, Rich., 442, 566. 
Taylor, the water poet, 483. 
Test, 116. 
Thames river, 213. 

made navigable, 723. 

Theobald, Lewis, 820, 827, 856. 
Theophrastus, 833. 
Thomas, Hugh, 366. 
Thompson, Francia, 657. 
Thoresby, Ralph, <A Leeds, 252. 
Throgmorton, sir Rob., 417. 
Thuanus, 54. 
Thwaites, Edw., 498, 738. 
Tickell, Tho., 209,374. 
Tilleman's portrait of Heame, 480, 

886. 
Tillotson, abp., 66. 
Tlndall, MaUhew, 783, 784. 
Toft, Anne, the rabbit breeder, 

614. 
Toland, John, 851. 
Tom, great and little, 239. 
Tompion, the watch-maker, 298. 
Tom Thumb, 798, 822. 
Tonson, Jacob, 814. 
Tottie, John, 873. 
Trinity coll., Dublin, 46. 
Trinity hall, an old foundation. in 

Oxford, 654. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



984 



INDEX OF PRINCIPAL MATTERS 



Trafles, Richard, inscription on, 

, by himself, ii. 
TVapp, Joseph, 137, 501. 
Trial by jury, 505. 
Tiiimbull, WilL, 807. 
Turl gate polled down, 483. 
Turner, WilL, 857. 
Turner, coL, Edmund, 574. 
Tutchin, 33, 45. 
Twyne, Brian, 664. 
Tyngewike, Nicholas, 359. 
lyrrell, capt., opposes Browne 

^^^llis for Buckingham, 71. 
Tyrrel, James, 15, 182. 
Tyrrell, Walter, 539. 

U. 
Udall, Dr., 709. 
Underbill, Tho., 76. 
Unitarians, hist, of, 66. 
University college, liberal to k. 

Ch. I., 131. election, 534. Case 

heard. Statutes of, 789. 
University epistles, 728. 
Upton, 583, 

Uiry, John, his death, 321. 
Usher, archbp., 94, 134. 

V. 
Vanburg)i, sir John, 317. 
Vander Aa, bookseller, 9a. 
Vavasour, Anne, 955. 
Ventriloqui, 113. 
Verstegan, 297. 
Vespasian^ 133, 666, 692, 789. 
V^us Valens, i, 533. 
Violet, Arth., 611. 
Viper, bite of, 833. 
Virgil, MS. by, 286, 944. 
Virgins' hall, 720. 
Vitruvius, new edit, wanted, 85. 
VossiuB, Isaac, 2. his library, 205, 

206. 

W. 
Wadham college,educationat, 431 . 
Wagstaflfe, Tho., 420. 
Wake, abp., mediutes a Concilia, 

790. 
Walden, Lionel, murdered, 441. 
Wales, princess of, has a son, 458. 



Walker, John, his Sufferings of 

the clergy, 305, 
Walker, Obad., 55, 747. 
Walker, Rich., epitaph on, 56. 
Wall, WUl., 740. 
Walter, Edmund, epitaph by, 430. 
Wallingford castle, 300. 
Wallis, John, 6, 13, 14, 55, 69. 

408, 559> 7^- 
Walpole, sir Robert, 594, 774. 
Walton, Valentine, 790. 
Walton- well, 391. for toay, line 

1 1, read we//. 
Wanley, Humphrey, 13, 467,471, 

589. 
Wantage' fimrs, 500. 
Ward, Geo., called Jolly Ward, 

666, 900. 
Ward, John, M.P. stands in the 

pillory, 641. 
Ward, Seth, 435. 
Ward, Tho., 875. 
Wateriand, Daniel, 857. 
Warton opposed as poetry prof., 

501. 
Warts, to cure, 225. 
Watkins, Henry, 482. 
Watts, John, 705. 
Watts, Rob., 305. 
Weeks, 785. 

Welds, Mr., acddent at, 781. 
Welby, Henry, 209. 
Wdby, Dr., 810. 
Welchmen's jubilee, 434. 
Wellesley, Dr. Henry, his account 

of Heame's portraits, 886. 
Wells, in Oxford, 391. 
Welton, Dr., of Whitechapel, 599. 
Wesley, Samuel, statement by, 35. 

subscription for, 37. 
West, James, 605, 953. 
Weston park, Herts, 726. 
Wharton, Henry, 205, 687, 694. 
Wharton, sir George, 385. 
Wharton, lord, severe lines on, 

210, 689. 
Wheat, dear price of, 154. 
Whichcott, col., 36. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AND NAMES. 



985 



Whiston says the world is to end, 

103, 63a. 
Whiteside, John, dies, 703. 
Whitlock,8irWill.,remarkby,387. 
Whitsunday, 517. 
Whole Du^ of Man, 107, 164,739. 
Whorwood family, 578. 
Whyte, Rich., of Basingstoke, 461 . 
Wicksey or Weeksy, 669, 670,681, 

700. 
Wigan, Dr. Geo., 633, 760, 773. 
Wiggins, Sylvanus, 300. 
Wightman, 675. 
Wild, Henry, the learned tailor, 

328, 438. 
Wild, Jonathan, 559. 
Wilkins, David, 790. 
William III., king, 48, lai, 133, 

285, 347, 803. falls from his 

horse, 873. 
Williams, Griffith, 698. 
Williams's Oxford, 784. 
Williamson, sir Joseph, 894. 
Willis, Browne, 70, 71. letter to, 

381, 438, 579, 580, 6d9, 687, 

717. 
Willyot, John, 360. 
Wilmot, lady, 131. 
Wmter, severe, 359, 383. warm, 

455- 
Wilson, bp., Tho., 504. his son, 

648. 
Wise, Francis, 601, 713, 906. 
Wolsey, cardinal, 93, 346, 317. 
Wolvercote, 391, 393. mill, 414. 
Wood, Anth., his life in Collier, 

14. bust of, 40. his assiduity, 

99, 438, 484. had much from 

Key, &c., 664. superintends his 

own grave, 733. his death, 735, 

729. 753- 



Wood, Nicholas, 447. 

Wood, Rob. 735. 

Wood, Tho., 735, 739. 

Woodchester, 336. 

Woodhead, Abraham, 738, 766, 

809, 810. 
Woodroofe, Dr., 617. 
Woodstock, old palace of, 97. 

Heame's forebodings tooching 

the new house, 98, 386. Heame 

visits and abuses it, 374, 394, 

423- 
Woodward, Dr., 133. letter to 

from T. H. 134, 330, 366, 688, 

690. 
Worcester college, 617. 
Wotton, 6, 34. 
Wren, bp., 677. 
Wren, sir Christ., 378, 366, 389, 

658. 
Wrexham, view of, 873. 
Wright, Will, or Jos. Mich. 343. 
Wulph, Rein., 399. 
Wyatt, sir Thomas, epitaph on, 

403. 
WycUff, 146, 703, 709. 
Wynne, Dr., Hugh, 443. 
Wjrnne, John, 849. 

Y. 

Yard-land, 813. 

Yamton, 393. 

York, badges of the duke, 356. 

York, duke of, after James H, 701 . 

Yorkshire, danger in travelling 

there, 761. 
Young, Patrick, 74. 

Z. 
Zarah, queen, 78. 
Zinzan of Magd., 763. 
Zouche, Richard, 608. 



END OF RELIQUIAE HEARNIANifi. 



3 s 



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